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Sample records for nendo sunshine keikaku

  1. Summary of reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. Solar energy; 1979 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Taiyo energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-04-01

    This report is a compilation of all outlines of the results concerning 'solar energy' for which R and D was carried out as a part of Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979. The research subjects (items of the studies) are written below. 1. Solar energy system (measurement of spectral irradiance, utilization system, and meteorological investigation); 2. Solar thermal power generation system; 3. Photovoltaic power generation system (basic research on solar cells, silicon vertical ribbon crystal, silicon horizontal ribbon crystal, particle non-acceleration growth type thin film silicon crystal, particle acceleration growth type thin film silicon crystal, new type solar cells, secondary to quaternary compound semiconductor solar cells, and photovoltaic power generation system); 4. Solar cooling, heating and hot water supply system (evaluation system, newly-built private residential system, existing private residential system, multiple dwelling system, large building system, synthetic resin materials, glass based materials, and metallic materials); 5. Solar energy new utilization method (new power generation system and materials); 6. R and D on solar thermal power generation plant (R and D on pilot plant, experimental research for developing plant on curved surface converging method, and experimental research for developing plant on tower converging method). (NEDO)

  2. Japan`s New Sunshine Project. 1996 Annual Summary of Coal Liquefaction and Gasification; 1996 nendo new sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Sekitan no ekika gasuka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    In reference to the results of the research and development under the fiscal 1996 New Sunshine Project, a report was summed up on coal liquefaction and coal gasification. As to the R and D of coal liquefaction technology, researches were conducted on liquefaction characteristics and engineering properties by coal kind, catalysts for coal liquefaction, liquefaction reaction of coal and reformation utilization of the liquefied products, liquefaction reaction mechanism and coking mechanism, solubility of coal in solvent and catalytic reaction mechanism, solvent reaction mechanism by hydrogen donor solvent, etc. Concerning the R and D of coal gasification technology, made were the basic study of eco-technology adaptable gasification technology and the study of coal gasification enhancing technology. Further, as to the development of bituminous coal liquefaction technology, carried out were the study in pilot plants and the support study of pilot plants. Additionally, R and D were done of the basic technology of coal liquefaction such as upgrading technology and environmentally acceptable coal liquefaction technology, and of coal hydrogasification technology. 3 refs., 81 figs., 25 tabs.

  3. Japan`s New Sunshine Project. 1994 annual summary of solar energy R and D program; 1994 nendo new sunshine keikaku. Seika hokokusho gaiyoshu (taiyo energy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-01

    The paper reported the results of fiscal 1994 studies on solar energy in the New Sunshine Project. Relating to the technical development for the practical use of photovoltaic power systems, the development of manufacturing technologies for low-cost substrates and the development of element technology for manufacturing low-cost polycrystalline cells/modules were reported as the development of technology for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells for practical use. As to the research on fabrication technology for thin film solar cells for practical use, reports were made on the research on low-cost fabrication technology for large-area modules and the technological development for qualitative improvement, etc. In respect to the technological development for super-high efficiency solar cells, reported were the technological development for super-high efficiency single crystalline silicon solar cells and the technological development for crystalline compound solar cells, etc. Concerning the research and development of photovoltaic power systems, reports were on the characterization and control of surface/interface recombination velocity of crystalline silicon thin films and the research on surface passivation for high-efficiency silicon solar cells, etc. In regard to the utilization technology of solar thermal energy, the energy conversion technology using chemical reactions and the development of chemical refrigeration and cold storage systems using solar heat were reported as the research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal systems for industrial use.

  4. Japan`s Sunshine Project. 1991 annual summary of coal liquefaction and gasification; 1991 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Sekitan no ekika gas ka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-07-01

    Out of the research and development on the 1991 Sunshine Project, the results of coal liquefaction/gasification are reported. The basic research of coal liquefaction/gasification is conducted. The research plan for a 150 ton/day scale pilot plant (PP) is worked out for the development of bituminous coal liquefaction technology by NEDOL process. Data of PSU (Process Support Units) operation, especially, are studied. Concerning the data obtained through dismantling of the 50 ton/day PP in Australia which uses Australian Victoria coal due to completion of its operation and also obtained from its support research, they are reflected in the design of a demonstration plant, and the results are arranged for study. Research and development on refining technology of coal-derived liquid such as Illinois coal liquid and on application technology of its products are made. For the development of coal-use hydrogen production technology, conducted is the research of a high temperature gasification PP by entrained flow bed process which is the core of the coal gasification technology. Elementary study with a 2 ton/day furnace is made for the development of the entrained flow bed coal gasification combined cycle power generation system. Also conducted are PP construction, adjusting operation and the overall research operation.

  5. Fiscal 1998 research report (New Sunshine Project). Research on the total system for development of superconductor power application technology; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho (new sunshine keikaku). Chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu total system no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1998 research promoted as a part of New Sunshine Project 'R and D project on development of superconductor power application technology.' This project is composed of R and D of superconductor power application technology (Rank 1), study on the total system (Rank 2), and study on review of introduction effects (Rank 3). The project is promoting R and D of the prototype superconducting generator model and elementary technologies based on the basic plan mainly by the research association. The combination test of the developed armature and the multi- cylindrical rotor model or slow response excitation rotor model was finished, and the test of the quick response excitation rotor model is in promotion. Together with R and D of hardware, this project is also promoting R and D of software through review of the introduction effects of superconducting power equipment. In fiscal 1998, the pre- final review was carried out by the project review sub- committee. 2 times of the committee, 12 times of the sub- committee, and several times of the working group were held until March, 1999. (NEDO)

  6. Results of the supplementary work to the fiscal 1994 New Sunshine Project. Development of geothermal power plants, etc. (development of production, technology for deep-seated geothermal resources); 1994 nendo new sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant to kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    The paper reports on the fiscal 1994 results of the study of the development of a technology for collecting deep-seated geothermal resources, which has been made for increasing the capacity of the geothermal power generation as a part of the New Sunshine Project. As a plan for the development, a development is made of logging equipment and its auxiliary system and then characteristics of the deep-seated geothermal well are clarified. The logging equipment is a PTSD (pressure/temperature/spinner flow-meter/fluid density) logger which stands the use at deep-seated geothermal wells of 400{degree}C and 490 kgf/cm{sup 2} and measures pressure, temperature, flow rate and fluid density under static and dynamic conditions. In this fiscal year, metal seals were developed for preventing geothermal fluids from penetrating into the PT probe. Qualities and inner/outer diameters of various kinds of structural materials used in the S probe were determined, and output necessary enough to detect the rotation number is obtained. Measuring precision of D logging by {gamma} rays was evaluated. The study was made of the monitoring technology including the borehole and ground measuring system, the borehole fluid sampling and the scale formation. Relating to the tracer widely used in monitoring of hydrothermal reservoirs, investigated was the trend of the technology from abroad. 8 refs., 60 figs., 26 tabs.

  7. sunshine

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Background: Nutritional rickets is common among Ethiopian children. It contributes to infant mortality and morbidity and carries long-term consequences. Factors influencing caretaker behavior of exposing infants to sunshine, a simple preventive strategy, are not fully understood. Objectives: To measure the ...

  8. Collection of outlines of Sunshine Program achievement reports for fiscal 1989. Solar energy (Light utilizing technology and heat utilizing technology); 1989 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Taiyo energy (hikari riyo gijutsu / netsu riyo gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-04-01

    Collected concerning the research and development of photovoltaic power systems are the basic research on solar cells; research and development of new-type photovoltaic power systems; and research and development of amorphous solar cells. Collected concerning the development of technologies for the practical application of photovoltaic power systems are the research on the practical application of new-type solar cells; research on the practical application of amorphous solar cells; research and development of solar cell evaluation systems; research and development of peripheral technologies; research and development of photovoltaic power-aided systems; research and development of centralized photovoltaic power systems; and research and development of photothermal hybrid photovoltaic power systems. Collected concerning heat application technologies are the research and development of solar thermal energy systems; development of practical application technologies for solar systems for industrial use etc.; and cooperative projects between Japan and Australia etc. on solar energy technologies. (NEDO)

  9. New Sunshine Project for fiscal 1997 on the international cooperation project. Cooperation in solar energy technologies among Japan, Australia and other countries; 1997 nendo new sunshine keikaku kokusai kyoryoku jigyo. Nichigo nado taiyo energy gijutsu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes the state of progress in the cooperation in solar energy technologies among Japan, Australia and other country, the memorandum concluded for the new project, and the activity report on the NEDO/MUERI project. The progress in the cooperation in solar energy technologies among Japan, Australia and other country is divided into that of the new project and that of the continued project. The former relates to the start of the long-term endurance test project for photovoltaic solar modules in Oman. The location of the endurance test is the Sultan Qaboos University in the suburb of Muscat. Modules subjected to the endurance test consist of ten modules of five types. The test will be performed on air temperature, humidity, wind directions, insolation on horizontal surface, insolation on slanted surface, ultraviolet ray intensity, module temperatures, and electric characteristics of the modules. The continued project is an outdoor endurance test for the photovoltaic solar modules begun in fiscal 1996, which is executed by the Murdock University Energy Research Institute (MUERI). The endurance test locations were selected at Darwin, Alice Springs and Perth. This paper reports the photovoltaic solar module endurance test and investigation, as well as the periodical consultations as the activity report of the NEDO/MUERI project. (NEDO)

  10. Collection of outlines of Sunshine Program achievement reports for fiscal 1988. Solar energy (Light utilizing technology and heat utilizing technology); 1988 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Taiyo energy (hikari riyo gijutsu / netsu riyo gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-04-01

    Collected concerning the research and development of photovoltaic power systems are the basic research on solar cells; research and development of new-type photovoltaic power systems; and research and development of amorphous solar cells. Collected concerning the development of technologies for the practical application of photovoltaic power systems are the experiment, refining, and verification of low-cost silicon; experiment, fabrication, and verification of solar panels; research on the practical application of high-efficiency crystal-based solar cells; research and development of amorphous solar cells; research and development of solar cell evaluation systems; development of peripheral technologies; research and development of photovoltaic power-aided systems; research and development of centralized photovoltaic power systems; and development of photothermal hybrid type photovoltaic power systems. Collected concerning heat-utilizing technologies are the research and development of solar thermal electric power generation systems; research and development of solar air-conditioners and hot water supply systems; and development of practical application technologies for industrial solar systems. Collected also are international cooperative projects on solar energy technologies. (NEDO)

  11. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on auxiliary New Sunshine Project. Development of coal hydrogasification technology (Survey and research on its social acceptability); 1999 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Sekitan suiso tenka gaska gijutsu kaihatsu - Shakai tekigo sei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to evaluate feasibility of practical use and economy of the coal hydrogasification technology (the ARCH process), survey and research have been performed. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the survey on the social acceptability, survey has been made on the future trend in the demand and supply and the price of LNG, LPG, and coal for hydrogasification. As a result, it was discovered that the price of LNG imported into Japan is determined as if linked with the crude oil price, and Saudi Arabia is the price leader of the LPG price. With respect to the survey on the possibility of international cooperation, surveys were conducted on the prospects of the long-term demand and supply in China, natural gas resources, and the demand and supply thereof. The feasibility study has estimated the product gas manufacturing cost after the process has been improved. In the trial calculation on the three-mode cost, it was discovered that, although the profit from byproducts is great, the BTX maximized mode causes the manufacturing cost to be higher by as much as 2 to 3 yen per Nm{sup 3} than that of other modes because of higher unit consumption in raw materials and higher construction cost. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 (New Sunshine Project) on the development of superconductor power application technology. Research on a total system / investigative research on introduction effects; 1997 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu (New Sunshine keikaku) seika hokokusho. Total system nado no kenkyu / donyu koka no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes investigation and discussion on effects of introducing a superconductor power application technology. The generator sub-committee has compared features, technical problems and development expenses in the first and second proposals, but has not reached the final conclusion. The first proposal is targeted for early realization of 200-300 MW class generators with development cost of six to seven billion yen and a development term of seven years. These developments raise largely towards practical application the levels of material technologies, fabrication and processing technologies, and analysis and design technologies. The second proposal is intended of developing 200-300 MW class generators targeted for increased diameter, as a reduced size machine of a 600-MW generator being a future generator. It will take development cost of eight to nine billion yen with the period of nine years for the development. Majority of the technologies required for developing the future 600-MW class generator can be demonstrated. The AC superconductor device sub-committee has investigated design examples, clarified the specification requirements, and investigated and studied the development measures. The oxide superconductor sub-committee has investigated and studied making wires and conductors, and device application feasibility, but has not reached the stage of presenting specific research and development methods. The practical application strategy sub-committee has also not been able to present a collective measure because of difficulty of making future prospect on the electric power business. (NEDO)

  13. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 (edition B) on auxiliary New Sunshine Project. Development of coal hydrogasification technology (Research by using experimental device); 1999 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho (B ban). Sekitan suiso tenka gaska gijutsu kaihatsu - Jikken sochi ni yoru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective of using practically the coal hydrogasification technology (the ARCH process), developmental research has been performed on important elementary technologies using different experimental devices. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the research by using a small testing apparatus, the Taiheiyo coal was used to have performed demonstration operation on the replacement natural maximized case, the heat efficiency maximized case, and the BTX maximized case. As a result, the three cases were found nearly as anticipated in the simulation, whereas the replacement natural gas maximized case has achieved the targeted whole coal conversion rate of 60% or more. However, the BTX maximized case presented a value lower than the targeted BTX yield of 12%. In the developmental research on the injector, the injector having been fabricated for the hot model test was given another combustion test, where the focal temperature of 1,200 degree C or higher was derived. The hot model test has verified the non-agglomeration performance of coal by using as parameters the focal temperatures, coal cross sectional area loads, coal types, and injectors. It was verified that the Taiheiyo and Shin Mu coals do not agglomerate excessively. (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on element technology development auxiliary to New Sunshine Program. Development of power plant utilizing hot water (Development of technology of hot dry rock power generation system); 1998 nendo new sunshine keikaku joho jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (koon gantai hatsuden system no gijutsu kaihatsu (yoso gijutsu no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In the study of the formation of an artificial hot water system, test facilities are designed in preparation for long-term circulation heat extraction. Construction work is performed for building a micro-seismometer observation system. Geochemical and geological surveys are conducted and a simulation is performed using a model improved by considering fracture information. In the mapping of fractures, a re-solution is worked out about the mechanism of acoustic emissions generated when a test was given at the Hijiori site, and the data on the P and T axes in the solution are utilized for the study of the stress field in the vicinity of the test site by means of the inverse analysis of the stress. As for measurement within the borehole, the mean porosity is calculated on the basis of data from neutron/density loggings, and studies are made to extract productive fractures, in which process PTS (pressure, temperature, spinner flowmeter) logging data and BHTV (borehole televiewer) data are compared with each other. For the construction of a fracture model, a software program is developed and added to the hot dry rock visualization system. (NEDO)

  15. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 (edition B) on auxiliary New Sunshine Project. Development of coal hydrogasification technology (Research by using experimental device); 1998 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho (B ban). Sekitan suiso tenka gaska gijutsu kaihatsu - Jikken sochi ni yoru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With an objective of using practically the coal hydrogasification technology (the ARCH process), developmental research has been performed on important elementary technologies using different experimental devices. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1998. In the research by using a small testing apparatus, the Taiheiyo coal was used to have derived hydrogasification data (distribution and yield of the reaction products) in case of having changed the reaction pressure, temperature rising rate, and H{sub 2}/caoal ratio, and to verify the possibility of increasing the BTX yield by installing a temperature zone in two steps. In the developmental research on the injector, a combustion test and a coal feeding test were performed on the injector having been designed and fabricated in the previous fiscal year to verify the basic performance and evaluate the heat resistance and durability. With respect to the hot model test, a test installation was completed with the injector mounted to conduct the trial operation and test. In addition, development was conducted on the coal temperature rise simulation as the second phase of developing the simulation of mixing of coal with high-temperature hydrogen and temperature rise. (NEDO)

  16. Report on New Sunshine Program-supported undertakings for fiscal 1997. Development of hot water power plant and deep-seated geothermal resources sampling/exploiting technologies; 1997 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu, shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu, shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Reported are the results of researches conducted in fiscal 1997. In the field of PTSD (Pressure, Temperature, Spinner flowmeter, fluid Density) well logging, the high-temperature performance of a memory type PT (Pressure, Temperature) well logger is confirmed in a demonstration test. As for the S-probe, modification is effected for the reduction of the outside diameter from 70mm to 56mm, and tests are conducted in real wells. As for the D-probe, a laboratory test is conducted and then the probe behaves as predicted. In the field of PCT (Pressure, Chemical, Temperature) monitoring, the sampler is subjected to an on-site test in Italy, when water is successfully sampled out of the well. In the field of scale monitoring technique, deep-seated fluid is collected and examined, and the scale deposition rate in the deep-seated fluid is determine. For the study of production control technology with respect to scale prevention and removal, an Mg-Si scale synthesis test is conducted in the temperature range of 100-300degC, and it is found that the solubility of scale decreases with a rise in temperature. 19 refs., 93 figs., 24 tabs.

  17. Report on New Sunshine Program-supported undertakings for fiscal 1995. Development of hot water power plant and deep-seated geothermal resources sampling/exploiting technologies; 1995 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu, shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Reported are the results of researches conducted in fiscal 1995. For the formulation of a general development design, data are collected about domestic high-temperature thermal wells through questionnaires and literature probing, and are scrutinized. As for the development of logging technology, a memory type PT (Pressure, Temperature) logger is experimentally constructed, and is found to properly operate in an environment of up to 350degC in a production well. An experimentally manufactured S-probe proves to be capable of heat insulation and sealing. In the field of PT monitoring, a high-temperature optical fiber is experimentally fabricated for study, capable of measuring temperatures up to 400degC. As for the development of high-temperature tracer monitoring technology, basic experiments are conducted about the thermal characteristics of aromatic acids, and preparatory experiments about gas phase tracers. In the study of scale monitoring technology, deep-seated fluids are collected and analyzed. In the field of production control, technical problems are discussed and information is gathered centering on methods for scale prevention and removal. 31 refs., 90 figs., 40 tabs.

  18. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the introductory R and D of the New Sunshine Project under a consignment from NEDO. Introductory R and D of the supercritical fluid use technology; 1997 nendo `New Sunshine keikaku` sendo kenkyu kaihatsu Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Chorinkai ryutai riyo gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The R and D of chemical reaction using supercritical fluids started in fiscal 1997. In the R and D of solvent reaction, as the research on polymer decomposition with supercritical water, studies were conducted of the mechanism of conversion reaction to chemical materials, cleavage mechanism of stable chemical bonds, and synthetic reaction in the supercritical state reaction field. In the research on oxidation reaction, as the study of complete oxidation in supercritical water for high efficiency energy recovery, studies of complete oxidation of liquid fuels, and complete oxidation of solid fuels. In the research on hydrogenation, studies of lightening of heavy oil in supercritical water, etc. In the R and D of the basic technology, studies of corrosion mechanism of metals in supercritical water, construction of the basic framework for technical database of supercritical fluids, etc. In the survey of technical trends and new research themes, the introductory R and D of element technology, etc. were conducted, and the results were described of the survey of technical trends and new research themes and the trend survey of overseas technology. 314 refs., 87 figs., 81 tabs.

  19. New Sunshine Program for Fiscal 2000. International cooperative project for developing photovoltaic power system practicalization technology (International Energy Agency (IEA)/Cooperative Program on Photovoltaic Power Systems (PVPS) implementing agreement - Executive committee meeting); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijustu kaihatsu kokusai kyoryoku jigyo (IEA taiyoko hatsuden system kenkyu kyoryoku program jisshi kyotei shikko iinkai)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Cooperative endeavors of research and development, verification, analysis, information exchange, introduction acceleration, etc., were exerted through participation in the above-said PVPS program. At the 15th PVPS executive committee meeting held in this fiscal year, reconsideration was made about the commencement of new tasks, change of OAs (operating agents), change of participating countries, etc., whose current state was not correctly reflected in the existing implementation agreement. At the 16th PVPS executive committee meeting, discussions were made and conclusions were reached that the next executive committee meeting decide whether to change the chairman, that deliberation be made in 2003 to decide whether to hold the 4th IEA/PVPS executive conference in Japan, that the assessment of each of the tasks be carried out in fiscal 2001, and that Task I conduct studies about market implementation for the fruits of the research-centered activities in the past to hit the market, etc. Workshop meetings were held, where Australia, France, Italy, and Japan reported their PVPS research, development, and popularization efforts. (NEDO)

  20. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 (edition B) on auxiliary New Sunshine Project. Development of coal hydrogasification technology (Research by using experimental device); 1997 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho (B ban). Sekitan suiso tenka gaska gijutsu kaihatsu - Jikken sochi ni yoru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    With an objective of using practically the coal hydrogasification technology (the ARCH process), developmental research has been performed. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1997. In the research by using a small testing device, the Taiheiyo coal was used to have derived hydrogasification data (distribution and yield of the reaction products) in case of having changed the temperature, residential time and H{sub 2}/caoal ratio at a pressure of 7.0 MPa. In the developmental research on the injector, a test to verify mixing performance was performed by simulating the coal/hydrogen with gas/gas and coal/gas at normal temperature and pressure. Furthermore, discussions were given on the heat conduction analysis and cooling structure, whereas an injector was designed and fabricated. With respect to the hot model test to verify the performance of the injector, detailed design and partial fabrication of the test device were carried out. In addition, development was conducted on the coal/gas system mixing simulation to simulate the states of dispersion and mixing of the coal as the first phase of developing the mixing and temperature rise simulation. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the New Sunshine Project subsidiary operation. Development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. / technical development of the hot dry rock power generation system (development of electric technology); 1997 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (koon gantai hatsuden system no gijutsu kaihatsu (yoso gijutsu no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of using hot dry rock energy to power generation, the R and D was continued of element technology of the hot dry rock power generation. In fiscal 1997, the construction of ground facilities, etc. for long-term circulation experiment was proceeded with to make data analysis for study of the experimental results. As for preparation for the long-term circulation experiment, design/fabrication/construction of experimental facilities were commenced, and review/fabrication of the monitoring system were conducted to strengthen the monitoring network of microearthquakes. In relation to the analytical research, using models connecting reservoirs and wells, relationships were studied among the distance between injection well and production well, production flow rate, and long-term thermal extraction characteristics of reservoirs. Further, to study structures of shallow/deep reservoirs at the Hijiori hot dry rock experimental field, re-determined were mechanism solutions of AE in deep hydraulic fracturing experiments, three well circulation tests, and preliminary circulation tests, and at the same time stress fields were studied. Fracture models were made and the simulation program was revised. 18 refs., 82 figs.

  2. FY 1993 report on the results of the subsidy project for the Sunshine Project. Development of coal use hydrogen production technology (Support study of pilot plant - Study using the small equipment); 1993 nendo Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Sekitan riyo suiso seizo gijutsu kaihatsu - Pilot plant no shien kenkyu (Kogata souchi ni yoru kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    As to the development of coal use hydrogen production technology, the paper studied the reactivity of char and ignition characteristics of various coals in the use of electric furnace and the participation in pilot plant test and the improvement, and the FY 1993 results were reported. In the study of reactivity of char, it was found that the reactivity was the same, regardless of the equipment and kind of raw coal, if considered of the ratio of the total oxygen amount (the char-containing oxygen amount added to the oxygen supply amount) to the carbon supply amount in char. In the test on ignition characteristics of overseas coals, the same characteristics as those of the Taiheiyo coal conventionally tested were obtained and it was found that it was good to use the same method for start-up of gasifier as conventionally used. In the pilot plant test in the previous year, slag and ash stuck to the outlet of the gasification part and heat recovery part and developed, which hindered the continued operation. To improve it, the following were carried out: model study, study of ash sintering, study using the synthetic test equipment, analysis of the deposit in gasifier, etc. Based on these results, the plant was improved, and the continued operation of 1,149 hours was stably achieved in RUN8. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1998 'The New Sunshine Project' leading R and D. Report on the results of the leading R and D of supercritical fluid utilization technology; 1998 nendo 'New Sunshine Keikaku' sendo kenkyu kaihatsu. Chorinkai ryutai riyo gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The paper reported the FY 1998 achievement of the supercritical fluid utilization leading R and D which started in FY 1997 on a 3-year plan. In the R and D, solvolysis reaction, oxidation reaction and hydrogenation reaction were taken up in the chemical process using supercritical fluid. In the study of solvolysis reaction, the basic data were obtained on decomposition conditions of thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics in supercritical water. Further, concerning the synthesis of environmental friendly type carbonate using CO2, a conversion rate of almost 100% was obtained. About the oxidation reaction, conditions were found out for burning low grade coal in supercritical water without emitting acid gas. This is considered to lead to a possibility of the supercritical water power generation. Relating to the hydrogenation reaction, a study was made on lightening technology of heavy distillate using supercritical water, and the conditions for effective emission of methane and hydrogen were found out. As to the base technology, a study was made of metal materials with high corrosion resistance against supercritical water. (NEDO)

  4. Research and development project plans for FY 1995; 1995 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    The present research and development project plans for FY 1995 administrated by NEDO consist of research and development of new energy, and research and development of industrial technology. Are illustrated further enhancement of new energy introduction promotion measures, new stage of international projects, promotion of new energy and new energy technology development, further enhancement of industrial and scientific technology research and development, integrated measures against global and urban environment problems, and budget of NEDO projects in FY 1995. The research and development of new energy includes coal conversion technology, solar energy technology, geothermal energy technology, energy conversion and storage technology, hydrogen, alcohol and biomass energy technology, geothermal energy resources, coal resources development, new energy promotion department activities, NEDO information center activities, and so on. On the other hand, the research and development of industrial technology includes research and development of industrial technology, and global environment technology. The research and development of industrial technology consists of superconductivity, new materials, biotechnology, electronics, information and communications, machinery and aerospace, natural resources, humanity, life and society, and various leading researches.

  5. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of technology for commercialization of the photovoltaic power system - R and D of evaluation technology of the photovoltaic power system. R and D of the system evaluation technology; 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu - Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu - System hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Based on the evaluation method for the performance prediction system of the standard photovoltaic power system, the R and D were conducted of the system generation output prediction technology which is general-purpose, simplified and applicable to various kinds of photovoltaic power system for residential use, and the FY 2000 results were summed up. In this fiscal year, the photovoltaic power system for residential use was increasingly installed at 15 places, and 100 sites in total were made database and analyzed. As to the development of simulation technology, technology of calculation was established such as the simulation of multi-plane array composition and correction of multi-plane array incidence. Further, technical information on system trouble and knowledge/information/proposal for reducing power generation loss were arranged by design parameter. Using the data on solar radiation/power loss at sites of residential use photovoltaic power systems installed in the Kanto area, value analysis of the capacity of wide area facilities of the photovoltaic power system was made by the statistical method. This study was compiled into the revised edition of design manual. (NEDO)

  6. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of commercialization technology of the photovoltaic power system. International cooperation project (Collection of the information on the IEA photovoltaic power generation program); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu kokusai jigyo kyoryoku (IEA taiyoko hatsuden program ni kansuru joho shushu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Based on 'the Implementing agreement for a research cooperation project on the photovoltaic power system' being promoted by IEA, collection of the information on the photovoltaic power system was made, and the FY 2000 results were summarized. In Task I: Exchange of the information on the photovoltaic power system and the spread, the final report on 'the study on added values of PV system' was made. In Task II: Operational performance and design of the photovoltaic power system and subsystem, specifications for new database were determined, and the existing data were checked/revised/added. In Task III: Design and operation of the stand-alone type and remote island use photovoltaic power plant, survey was conducted of the present situation of technical standards and quality guarantee. In Task 7: Photovoltaic power system integrated with construction materials, work was done for making a book of installation samples of the PV system integrated with construction materials in each country. In Task 8: Investigative study of possibilities of the large-scale photovoltaic power generation using the unused land such as desert, a report making of the secondary survey was started. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of commercialization technology of the photovoltaic power system. Demonstrative study of the photovoltaic power system (Study of the high density connection technology); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu - Taiyoko hatsuden system no jissho kenkyu (Komitsudo renkei gijutsu no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the photovoltaic power system connected to the distribution line in high density, study was made in terms of the power quality, elucidation of the effect on operation/protection of the distribution line and the measures to be taken, improvement of power quality using inverter, etc., and the FY 2000 results were summed up. In this fiscal year, the results of the research made in four years were arranged, and at the same time, the theoretical analysis, verification test, etc. that were necessary for summarization of the research results were carried out. As to various kinds of technology for the measures to be taken, the following were conducted: study of the effect on the rise in voltage of the distribution line, development of the dispersed control type voltage stabilization method, test on characteristics of individual operation of the inverter on the market, simulation analysis of characteristics of the continuous individual operation, development of the high reliability individual operation prevention method, verification study of the environmental adaptability, etc. As a technology for improving utility value of the photovoltaic power generation, a high function inverter was developed which conducts not only the dc-ac conversion, but the smoothing of generating output/load variations and load higher harmonics/reactive power compensation. At the Rokko testing facilities, test was made of the parallel operation (5 units) of the pole transformer. (NEDO)

  8. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of commercialization technology of the photovoltaic power system. International cooperation project (IEA photovoltaic power generation program - Collection of the information on Task IX); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu kokusai jigyo kyoryoku (IEA taiyoko hatsuden program task IX ni kansuru joho shushu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Based on 'the Implementing agreement for a research cooperation project on the photovoltaic power system' being promoted by IEA, collection of the information was made on Task IX: Promotion of the effective spread of the PV technology in developing countries, and the FY 2000 results were summarized. In Task IX, for technical/economic subjects in introducing the PV system to developing countries, a commendable/practical guide using the experiences having been gained was to be arranged. Also, workshop was to be opened in developing countries as model, and cooperation was to be promoted with international organizations such as the Bank of the World. In this fiscal year, two meetings of specialists (abroad) and four sectional meetings of operation (in Japan) were held. This fiscal year was the second year of the 5-year plan. The standard for selecting developing countries as model was studied, and a draft of the commendable/practical guide was made and discussed in the meeting of specialists. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1995 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the deep geothermal resource collecting technology (development of the deep geothermal resource drilling technology); 1995 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen kussaku gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the fiscal 1995 R and D on the development of deep geothermal resource collecting/drilling technology. In the design of a total development, the trend of technical development was examined of bits, cement and DHM overseas. Further, the simulational prediction was conducted in deep geothermal drilling. As to the development of element technology of hard high temperature strata drilling, the R and D of seal mechanism, bearing mechanism and cutter mechanism were carried out aiming at developing heat resistant/durable bits, and a bit was trially manufactured which was integrated with element parts selected by each element technology. Concerning the development of high temperature drilling mud, studies were made of the development of drilling mud materials, a mud system, etc. Relating to the development of high temperature cement slurry, the development was conducted of high temperature cement, dewatering adjusting agents, etc. As to the development of high accuracy much inclination drilling technology, in the development of high temperature use downhole motor, tests on heat resistance/durability were carried out in the mud of 12 kinds of high heat resistant stator materials. 175 figs., 137 tabs.

  10. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the deep geothermal resource collecting technology (development of the deep geothermal resource drilling technology); 1996 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen kussaku gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the fiscal 1996 R and D on the development of deep geothermal resource collecting/drilling technology. In the design of a total development, the planned adjustment of actual well tests was conducted on bits and drilling mud at the time of drilling the exploration well of the Kakkonda area. As to the trend of overseas technology, examined was the developmental trend of high temperature type downhole motor products. In the development of hard high temperature strata drilling element technology, a drilling test was carried out on trially manufactured 300degC heat resistant/durable bits. In the development of high temperature drilling mud, drilling was done in the mud of thermally stable quality in the actual well experiment using the 300degC mud system. In the development of high temperature use cement and high temperature use cement slurry, a possibility was obtained of composing a slurry which has the targeted dewatering amount, compressive strength, and water permeability. In the development of high temperature downhole motor, data on characteristics of heat resistant stator materials were arranged in a relationship among the abrasion amount, thermal expansion amount and elastic recovery amount, and the database was obtained. 166 figs., 148 tabs.

  11. Fiscal 1995 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the binary cycle power plant (development of the measurement while drilling system for geothermal wells); 1995 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (chinetsusei kussakuji kotei joho kenchi system no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The R and D were conducted of a detection system for measurement of data on the bottom hole of geothermal well, data transmission and signal processing, and an analysis system for well drilling trajectory control and well assessment while drilling of geothermal wells based on the data obtained by the detection system, and the results were reported of the technical development in fiscal 1995. In the development of the downhole detection unit, the following developments were conducted: mud pulse generator, bottomhole signal processor, mode switches, inclination information sensor, power source, measures against vibration/shock, sonde external equipment, tests to confirm heat resistance of electronic parts, and design/manufacture of testing devices. In the development of the surface detection unit, the development was made of experimental analysis program, interface program, and simulation. In the development of the analysis system, as a well trajectory control support system, made were a trajectory planning/display system and a trajectory prediction system. As a downhole assessment support system, made were a temperature analysis system and a pressure analysis system. 4 refs., 298 figs., 88 tabs.

  12. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the binary cycle power plant (development of the measurement while drilling system for geothermal wells); 1996 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (chinetsusei kussakuji kotei joho kenchi system no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The R and D were carried out of a detecting system for measurement of data on the bottom of geothermal well, data transmission and signal processing, and an analysis system for well drilling trajectory control and well assessment while geothermal well drilling based on the data obtained by the detecting system. The paper reported the results of the technology development in fiscal 1996. In the development of the detecting system, improvement/design were conducted on a mud pulse generator constituting sonde, well bottom signal processing equipment, mode switch and inclined information sensor, and the system equivalent to the actual one was manufactured to conduct a running test at high temperature/pressure. Moreover, a test to confirm heat resistance of electronic parts was made for further improvement in heat resistance of the sonde, in order to obtain the data. In the development of an analysis system, conducted were enhancement of operability of the planning/indication portions of the well drilling trajectory supporting system, improvement of the data intake system, etc. In relation to the well assessment supporting system, carried out were heightening of operability of the temperature analysis portion and confirmation of accuracy increase. 5 refs., 253 figs., 72 tabs.

  13. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the deep geothermal resource collecting technology (development of the deep geothermal resource producing technology); 1996 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the fiscal 1996 R and D of the deep geothermal resource collecting/producing technology. In the design of the total development, characteristics of the well mouth of the deep reservoir were examined to evaluate properties of deep geothermal resource, and the necessity of the pressure design, etc. were clarified. As to PTSD logging technology, conducted were improvement of PT probe, manufacture of a sonde of which S probe was integrated with memory/battery modules, and the actual well experiment. Concerning PTC monitoring technology, an experiment was carried out on a high temperature use optical fiber GI type, and it was shown that the type was on a commercial level. Further, a prototype sampler with 300degC heat resistance was trially manufactured, and a test to confirm its work was conducted in the well in the Corn Wall area of the U.K. As to the production control technology, studied was the arrangement of the production control technology for deep geothermal resource. Moreover, an experiment was made to examine the effect of metal ions coexisting when silica in the deep fluid precipitates. 46 refs., 107 figs., 38 tabs.

  14. New Sunshine Program for fiscal 2000. Development of photovoltaic power system commercialization technology (Development of ultrahigh-efficiency crystalline compound solar cell manufacturing technology - Surveys and studies of peripheral key technologies/Surveys of environmentally-friendliness enhancement for next-generation solar cell development); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu - Chokokoritsu kessho kagobutsu taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (Shuhen yoso gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu chosa, Jisedai taiyodenchi kaihatsu kankyo tekioka chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Though the trends of solar cell development are becoming increasingly diverse across the world, yet none has emerged to promise a stable solar cell supply in the future. Under the circumstances, studies were conducted to clarify strategies for solar cell technology development which would be well adapted to Japan's social environments, with the trends of development in the United States and European countries taken into consideration. The surveys covered the research and development and diffusion of photovoltaic power generation in the United States and European countries, and their solar cell research and development strategies and trends of development were put together. Surveys were also conducted into the research and development of unconventional types of solar cells, such as the dye-sensitized solar cell, organic solar cell, conjugate polymer solar cell, and the polymer/C{sub 60} based solar cell, and into the status of resources of materials for solar cells such as gallium, arsenic, cadmium, tellurium, indium, selenium, and germanium. Regarding the future of photovoltaic power generation research and development, it was concluded that commercialization technology development and basic research and development should continue. Also pointed out was the importance of the enlargement of the market for photovoltaic power generation systems. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the New Sunshine Project subsidiary operation. Development of the geothermal water use power plant, etc. (development of the binary cycle power plant / development of the geothermal well MWD system); 1997 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (chinetsusei kussakuji kotei joho kenchi system no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of improving efficiency and accuracy in geothermal well drilling, the development was conducted of an MWD (measuring while drilling) which detects borehole information in real time. In fiscal 1997, the following R and D were carried out. As to the downhole equipment, the actual well experiment on the sonde was conducted to confirm the basic performance. The design improvement, trial fabrication and experiment were conducted on mud pulse generating valve driving control equipment, bore hole signal processing unit and temperature correction circuit portion in the sonde. Concerning electronic parts, a heat resistance confirming test was conducted for data collection/assessment. Further, jigs were fabricated for tests to confirm working of each equipment. Relating to the ground equipment, conducted were improvement of the decoded program and betterment of the analytical system and interface. As to the development of the analytical system, data on depth were added to the azimuth/inclination obtained from MWD, which enabled indication of a well drilling tracing chart while drilling. 92 figs., 43 tabs.

  16. Achievement report for fiscal 1982 on Sunshine Program-entrusted research and development. Survey on patent and information (Hydrogen energy); 1982 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokokusho. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    Patents related to the research under the Sunshine Program are surveyed so as to ensure that the program be promoted smoothly and efficiently. Since the scope of the hydrogen energy technology is extensive, branches supposed to be relatively important only are surveyed, which include the production of hydrogen (thermochemical process, photochemical process, and electrolysis), storage and transportation of hydrogen, safety of hydrogen, hydrogen fuel cells, hydrogen-fueled engines, and hydrogen combustion devices. The basic policy to follow in the extraction of necessary patents is that all related to the hydrogen energy technology be collected from as many fields as possible. However, it is impossible to read all the laid-open patents. Under such circumstances, out of the items in IPC (International Patent Classification) used by the Patent Agency, those deemed to be closely related to the hydrogen energy technology are designated and, when the classification item attached to the official gazette matches one of the IPC classification items, it is extracted as a desired item after deliberation of its relationship with the hydrogen energy technology. (NEDO)

  17. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on New Sunshine Program. Frontier research and development of basic superconductive AC power generation equipment; 1999 nendo koryu chodendo denryoku kiki kiban sendo kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As part of the New Sunshine Program of the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, a 2-year survey and research is conducted beginning in 1998 on the effect of the introduction of superconductive power equipment for the facilitation of the progress of research and development of basic power equipment which utilizes AC (alternating current) superconductivity. Frontier research and development has been started of basic AC superconductive power equipment for clarifying the tasks to solve in the development effort and for preparing an efficient research and development plan. This fiscal year's endeavor covers the survey of the effect of the introduction of superconductive power equipment in addition to the preparation of a basic plan for the research and development of basic AC superconductive power equipment for fiscal 2000 and afterward, continued survey of research and development trends in and outside Japan for the review of the result achieved in the preceding fiscal year, development of AC equipment element technologies utilizing conduit type semiconductors as a basic study for the embodiment of AC superconductive equipment, and a study for elucidating the mechanism of resistance generated in a superconductive current limiter. Furthermore, papers on the superconduction technology released so far are investigated, and technology development trends and efficient research techniques are put together into a technological information database. (NEDO)

  18. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of technology for commercialization of the photovoltaic power system - R and D of evaluation technology of the photovoltaic power system. Separate volume. R and D of the system evaluation technology (Data book on the photovoltaic power system); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu - Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu - System hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (Bessatsu : Taiyoko hatsuden system data shu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of establishing the optimum design and optimum operation technology of various kinds of photovoltaic power system, data were collected to make a data book on various kinds of photovoltaic power system of which the future commercialization is expected. Included in this data book were the monthly report on operation data on demonstrative test facilities at the Hamamatsu site of JQA (Japan Quality Assurance Organization), daily graph of insolation/temperature, monthly graph of wind direction/wind velocity. Further, as the data on the residential use photovoltaic power system, data on the following were summed up: information on the site of installation of the residential use photovoltaic power system (photo information, the state of installation such as sites installed more in FY 2000, drawings of module arrangement and measuring point layout, etc.), daily report on operation (graph of daily trends, daily report by site, hourly report by site, daily report on all sites, hourly report on all sites), operation data and performance indices, list of troubles arising in the residential use photovoltaic power system, other system information about residential use measuring data, power generation characteristics and {alpha}{sub pmax} of residential use solar cell modules, etc. (NEDO)

  19. Neutrino sunshine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    Full text: On 10 June 1992, at the Neutrino 92 meeting in Grenada, Spain, Till Kirsten of Heidelberg's Max Planck Institute reported that neutrinos from sunshine had been seen. Most of the energy pumped out by the Sun comes from the fusion of protons into alpha particles, a process which also liberates neutrinos. While it takes about a million years for radiant energy formed in the deep interior of the Sun to fight its way to the surface, the highly penetrating neutrinos emerge almost immediately. It was in 1970 that Ray Davis and his team began taking data with a tank containing 615 tons of perchloroethylene (dry cleaning fluid) 1500 metres underground in the Homestake gold mine, South Dakota. The observed signal is consistently smaller than what is expected. This 'solar neutrino problem' was confirmed by the Kamioka mine experiment in Japan, looking at the Cherenkov light released by neutrino interactions in some 700 tons of water. However these experiments are only sensitive to a tiny high energy tail of the solar neutrino spectrum, and to understand what is going on needs measurements of the primary neutrinos from proton fusion. To get at these neutrinos, two large new detectors, using gallium and sensitive to these lower energy particles, have been built and commissioned in the past few years. The detectors are SAGE ('Soviet' American Gallium Experiment) in the Baksan Neutrino Observatory in the Caucasus, and Gallex, a team from France, Germany, Israel, Italy and the US in the Italian Gran Sasso underground Laboratory. At Grenada, Kirsten reported unmistakable signs of solar neutrinos of proton origin recorded in Gallex. SAGE and Gallex do not yet have enough data to unambiguously fix the level of primary solar neutrinos reaching the Earth, and the interpretation of the interim results tends to be subjective. However after 23 years of conditioning through watching the solar neutrinos' high energy tail, the prospect of a neutrino

  20. Microcomputer sunshine recorder

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Benincasa, F.; Fasano, G.; Materassi, A.

    1986-01-01

    The Campbell-Stokes recorder is the most frequently used sunshine recorder. However, it cannot be used for automatic data acquisitions and the threshold level is not well defined. This paper describes an instrument in which the threshold for minimum sunshine is strictly established. The instrument not only gives the parameter but three other analogical signals: direct, diffuse and global radiation. All of this as been done with only two silicon cells [it

  1. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar heat power generation system (R and D on curved reflector light collection system); 1974 nendo taiyonetsu hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. kyokumen shuko hoshiki system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-30

    This report composed of 6 parts summarizes the fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project research result on the solar heat power generation system with a curved reflector light collection system. Part 1 outlines the research target, research result and research system. Part 2 describes each research item in detail. This part on system and hardware researches is composed of (1) study on 1,000kW system, (2) development of plane/parabolic reflector light collection equipment, (3) development of parabolic reflector light collection equipment, (4) development of selective transparent membrane and selective absorption surface, and (5) study on heat storage equipment and heat exchange equipment. Part 3 describes the future R and D plan for every year focusing the fiscal 1975 R and D plan. Part 4 describes various cooperative activities with other research groups such as various committees related to the Sunshine Project, universities and Electrotechnical Laboratory. Part 5 describes several patents produced during this R and D. Part 6 summarizes the results on this R and D. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1997 report on the survey project on planning to execute `The New Earth 21`; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (`chikyu saisei keikaku` no jisshi keikaku sakusei ni kansuru chosa jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Japan proposed in the Houston Summit the New Earth 21 to be carried out with technology development and technology transfer, and to make a concrete development of the project, Japan also proposed in the Tokyo Summit a TREE Plan for working out comprehensive strategies of the innovative technology development. In the CO3 Kyoto Conference in 1997, numerical targets for developed countries were determined which have legal binding force for control/reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the term of 2008-2012. It was agreed to urge developing countries also to play a certain part in the project through the clean development. Therefore, the paper made quantitative analysis of important CO2 prevention technologies, technology transfer costs, and economical assessment by energy conservation. As a model, the DNE 21 model was upgraded and used into which CO2 prevention technologies, energy, economy and climate changes were integrated. In fiscal 1997, the following were carried out: collection of data on important CO2 prevention technologies and systems and analytical assessment using the DNE 21 model, CO2 reduction and selection of energy technology, assessment of energy system costs, construction of the unified DNE 21 model, and opening of the international workshop. 62 refs., 98 figs., 34 tabs.

  3. Research report for fiscal 1998. Research for 'New Earth 21' project implementation program preparation; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. 'Chikyu saisei keikaku' no jisshi keikaku sakusei ni kansuru chosa jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the establishment of a CO2 measures introduction scenario which the world would accept, the latest information was collected, the DNE21 (Dynamic New Earth 21) model was improved, and simulation was reviewed. In fiscal 1998, simulation was performed for each district using an LDNE21 (Linear Dynamic New Earth 21) model, and an energy flow chart, energy balance table, and trade table were prepared and subjected to detailed deliberation. Studied were also conducted about the changes to occur in methanol production when the natural gas reserves and plant cost data were given different values. In the DNE21 model, the 'macro economy model' and 'warming damage function' were integrated, and simulation was performed for verification. Using a standard model compatible with COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), comparison was made between a case in which different CO2 emission constraints were imposed on the advanced area and developing area separately and a case in which one and the same constraint was imposed on the world as a whole, and calculations were made about CDM (Clean Development Mechanism). (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978. Surveys and studies on patents and information (Surveys on information about new energy technology development); 1978 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-03-01

    This paper describes the surveys on information about new energy technology development in fiscal 1978 in the Sunshine Project. The present fiscal year performed the surveys on the United States and France as the main subjects. For the solar energy development in the United States, surveys were made on power generation using solar heat, solar cells, difference in ocean temperatures, satellites, biomass, and solar energy air conditioning systems. Geothermal energy development was also surveyed. For coal energy, surveys were done on coal liquefaction, gasification, high-temperature gas turbines and MHD power generation. The U.S. energy policy has various kinds of cards. For the solar energy development in France, heat conversion and photo-cell conversion systems were surveyed, while the authorities take development promotion measures on solar heat conversion system under the judgement that this is the only contributor to the new energy development. Surveys were performed on trends in biomass as the biological energy conversion means of the solar energy. Geothermal energy is being advanced of development following that for the solar energy. Surveys were made also on power generation systems using wind power, wave power and difference in ocean temperatures. This paper dwells also on waste heat utilization, cogeneration, and heat pumps as examples for energy conservation means. (NEDO)

  5. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of commercialization technology of the photovoltaic power system. R and D of the photovoltaic power generation utilization system/periphery technology (R and D of the new solar cell module integrated with construction materials - Investigative study on analysis for commercialization); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu, Taiyoko hatsuden riyo system, shuhen gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (Shinkenzai ittaigata taiyodenchi mojuru no kenkyu kaihatsu - Jitsuyoka kaiseki ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of supporting the study for commercialization of the new module integrated with construction materials, survey of the technical trend of the new module integrated with construction materials in Japan and abroad was conducted, and the FY 2000 results were summarized. As to the module material correspondent to construction materials, the results of the survey made in the past three years were summarized, and the subjects to be considered in future were arranged from a viewpoint of disposal/recycle of modules. Concerning the marketability, various policies for the spread of solar cell module that is an immature good were arranged. Survey was also made of the photovoltaic power system using the field test project as a sample, and the following were made clear: The photovoltaic power generation has appeal for environmental consideration and energy conservation; In some cases, the power generation effect was not as much as expected because the information on design/construction is not sufficient. Relating to the evaluation of its effect on the environment, the paper summarized the environmental influence in each of the module methods at each stage of production/utilization/disposal and the basic items for measures to cope with the influence. (NEDO)

  6. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of commercialization technology of the photovoltaic power system. Summary. R and D of the photovoltaic power generation utilization system/periphery technology (R and D on the improvement of reliability of photovoltaic power generation - Investigative study of long-term reliability of inverter - Separate volume: Data on the life evaluation test); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho(Sokatsu ban). Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu, Taiyoko hatsuden riyo system shuhen gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (Taiyokohatsuden no shinraisei kojo ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu - Inbata no choki shinraisei no chosa kenkyu - Bessatsu : Jumyo hyoka shiken datashu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of establishing a life evaluation method for power conditioner of about several kilowatts for general housing use, the acceleration test was made, and the data were summarized for maintenance of power quality, cooperation with the protection system at power system, insuring of safety of personnel/facilities, etc. As to the acceleration method, by paying attention to heat deterioration of thermal plasticity materials being used for power conditioner and by using the acceleration method using the 10-degree C half law by the Arrhenius law, temperature and humidity were set at 40 degrees C and 36%, respectively. The operation hour and stopping time were fixed at 3.5 hours and 4.5 hours, respectively. The life evaluation measurement by the acceleration test was composed of the continuous evaluation measurement with the aim of early finding the degradation of performance, anomaly, etc. of power conditioner and of the evaluation measurement at specified intervals with the aim of precisely measuring the state of degradation of power conditioner. As a result of the continuous evaluation measurement, the paper reported the data on the rise in temperature inside the power conditioner during the acceleration test and the change in electric characteristics of input/output. (NEDO)

  7. 75 FR 3948 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    ... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the provisions of the Government in the Sunshine Act, Public Law 94-409, that the Securities and Exchange... matters relating to climate change. At times, changes in Commission priorities require alterations in the...

  8. 75 FR 75187 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-02

    ... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the provisions of the Government in the Sunshine Act, Public Law 94-409, that the Securities and Exchange.... Elizabeth M. Murphy, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2010-30407 Filed 11-30-10; 4:15 pm] BILLING CODE 8011-01-P ...

  9. 75 FR 17167 - Sunshine Act Meetings; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-05

    ... NATIONAL COUNCIL ON DISABILITY Sunshine Act Meetings; Correction AGENCY: National Council on Disability. ACTION: Notice; correction. Type: Quarterly meeting. SUMMARY: NCD published a Sunshine Act Meeting Notice in the Federal Register on March 11, 2010, notifying the public of a quarterly meeting in...

  10. 78 FR 26667 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... first panel will examine issues in connection with the possibility of developing a credit rating... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the provisions of the Government in the Sunshine Act, Public Law 94-409, that the Securities and Exchange...

  11. Sunshine and light showers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    Full text: Sunshine and light showers are forecast for the Oscar winning actor Cate Blanchett as she increasingly greens her lifestyle. She is installing solar panels to power her Sydney home and has cut her showers back to a maximum of four minutes to help save water in drought-stricken Australia. And that is only a beginning, for she is also greening her main place of work, is campaigning on solar power and climate change, and has committed to other changes in her life to save energy and water. Blanchett - who sprang to fame in the title role of the film Elisabeth ten years ago - learned conservation when growing up in Melbourne in the 1970s from her grandmother who had lived through the Great Depression and, as a result, insisted in recycling and on letting nothing go to waste. She grew up to win an Oscar for her role in Martin Scorsese's The Aviator, amid a host of other top awards, and was spurred into environmental activism by reading about her country's growing water crisis. She says: 'As I see it, there is no greater challenge we face as a species than dealing with climate change and its effects. I care about it because of my children. I want to safeguard their future. It is an inescapable problem, but also provides us with an opportunity to change for the better. To change the way we consume, the way we think, and the way we behave. By assuming responsibility, we protect and respect the generations behind us.' Together with her husband, playwright Andrew Upton, she has started by setting out to 'greenovate' their home: powering it with solar energy, using natural air flows rather than air conditioning to cool it, and recycling grey water. The couple also plan to extend the improvements to the Sydney Theatre Company, where they are joint artistic directors, with the aim of running off-grid for a whole season. 'I really love a refreshing shower,' she says, but has installed a timer to stop them after four minutes. Indeed she tries to make them even shorter

  12. 78 FR 51140 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... consider the appointment of the Chief Financial Officer. This meeting should be closed to public... but not selected for the position. In accordance with the Government in the Sunshine Act and BBG...

  13. 76 FR 5374 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, February 1, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. [[Page 5375

  14. 75 FR 11565 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... NATIONAL COUNCIL ON DISABILITY Sunshine Act Meetings Type: Quarterly Meeting. Dates and Times.... Agenda: Public Comment Sessions; Emergency Management; Developmental Disabilities and Bill of Rights Act, International Development, National Summit on Disability Policy 2010, United States Marine Corps Research...

  15. 77 FR 68155 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Audit Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors Sunshine.... Executive Session with Internal Audit Director III. Executive Session with Officers IV. Internal Audit Report with Management's Response V. Internal Audit Performance Scorecard VI. Internal Audit Status...

  16. Satellite-Based Sunshine Duration for Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bodo Ahrens

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, two different methods were applied to derive daily and monthly sunshine duration based on high-resolution satellite products provided by the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring using data from Meteosat Second Generation (MSG SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager. The satellite products were either hourly cloud type or hourly surface incoming direct radiation. The satellite sunshine duration estimates were not found to be significantly different using the native 15-minute temporal resolution of SEVIRI. The satellite-based sunshine duration products give additional spatial information over the European continent compared with equivalent in situ-based products. An evaluation of the satellite sunshine duration by product intercomparison and against station measurements was carried out to determine their accuracy. The satellite data were found to be within ±1 h/day compared to high-quality Baseline Surface Radiation Network or surface synoptic observations (SYNOP station measurements. The satellite-based products differ more over the oceans than over land, mainly because of the treatment of fractional clouds in the cloud type-based sunshine duration product. This paper presents the methods used to derive the satellite sunshine duration products and the performance of the different retrievals. The main benefits and disadvantages compared to station-based products are also discussed.

  17. FY 1998 basic survey to promote the joint execution, etc. Overall repair plan of thermal power plants in Maritime Province of Russia; 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Roshia Enkaishu ni okeru karyoku hatsudensho sogo kaishu keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For thermal power plants in Maritime Province of Russia, a repair plan for effective reduction of emission of greenhouse effect gas was worked out as a draft plan for the joint execution. The project is to be implemented for the additional installation/replacement of boilers at Vladivostok No. 2 power plant, construction of a power plant as a substitute for Partizansk power plant, and new construction of Ussuriisk power plant. The draft plan includes the new installation of two gas-fired boilers/replacement of existing boilers at Vladivostok No. 2 power plant, construction of 200MW cogeneration facility at Partizansk power plant, construction of 180MW cogeneration facility at Ussuriisk power plant, abolition of small-sized boiler station, etc. The reduction amount of the greenhouse effect gas emission based on this repair plan totaled 338 million tons in project. The effect against cost is US$ 4.75 per 1 CO2 ton at Vladivostok. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1998 research report. Development of high- efficiency electrooptic conversion compound semiconductors (21st century light project); 1998 nendo kokoritsu denko henkan kagobutsu handotai kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 21 seiki no akari keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This research aims at development of efficient lighting sources using high-brightness white LEDs. 4 research programs are as follows: (1) Basic study on emission mechanism and crystal growth, (2) Improvement of epitaxial growth methods for blue and ultraviolet LEDs, (3) Substrates for homoepitaxial growth, and (4) Basic properties of white LED lighting sources. The research results are as follows. The emission mechanism was clarified both in InGaN epitaxial layers and quantum-well structures by means of ultra-fast time-resolved spectroscopy linked with femto-second laser and the dependence of magnetic and electric fields. For reduction of a lattice defect density, an optimum thin-film crystal growth method was developed. As a new growth method of bulk single crystal substrates, a low-pressure vapor-phase growth method using radical nitrogen plasmas was developed to study synthesis of GaN and formation of single-crystal GaN. The prototype LED lighting source was prepared by using the white LEDs of 8 lm/W supplied from this project for basic study on its electric and heat radiation characteristics, and a light-guiding plate system. (NEDO)

  19. Genre, cycles and Sunshine Noir television

    OpenAIRE

    Jenner, Mareike

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the concept of television cycles, using the American sunshine noir cycle as an example. To conceptualise television cycles, this article draws heavily on Amanda Ann Klein’s work on American film cycles (2011) and puts the television cycle in relation to notions of genre, sub-genre and individual texts. In a second step, this article will analyse a specific example, the sunshine noir, a cycle present in American television in the 1980s and 1990s and most commonly associat...

  20. 75 FR 22432 - Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    ... Remarks. CSB Data Policies Task Force. FY 2011 Budget Request Update. ARRA Update. Strategic Plan Update... NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION National Science Board Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice The National Science Board, pursuant to NSF regulations (45 CFR Part 614), the National Science Foundation Act, as...

  1. 77 FR 48497 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs (via telephone) Richard Lobo, Director of the... public observation pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(9)(B). In accordance with the Government in the Sunshine... the redaction of information protected by 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(9)(B), will be made available to the public...

  2. 75 FR 68755 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-09

    .... Commission on Civil Rights announced a business meeting to be held on Friday, November 5, 2010 at the... COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: United States Commission on Civil Rights... Agenda II. Program Planning Approval of Project Outline and Discovery Plan for FY 2011 Enforcement Report...

  3. 75 FR 38074 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Civil Rights announced a business meeting to be held on Friday, June 25, 2010 at the Commission's... COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: United States Commission on Civil Rights... Discovery Plan and Project Outline for Report on Sex Discrimination in Liberal Arts College Admissions IV...

  4. 76 FR 63601 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: United States Commission on Civil Rights... School Discipline briefing report Approval of Scope of Discovery Plan for VRA Report V. Management [email protected] at least seven business days before the scheduled date of the meeting. Dated: October 11, 2011...

  5. 76 FR 54196 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: United States Commission on Civil Rights... Discovery Plan. IV. Management and Operations: Staff Director's report. Discussion of the 2013 Budget... business days before the scheduled date of the meeting. Kimberly A. Tolhurst, Senior Attorney-Advisor. [FR...

  6. 77 FR 38268 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: United States Commission on Civil Rights... Agenda II. Program Planning Update and discussion of projects: Discussion and Vote on Strategic Plan Vote... Dunston at (202) 376-8105 or at [email protected] at least seven business days before the scheduled...

  7. 76 FR 11764 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    .... Additionally, as a part of the Board's E-Government initiative, the meeting will be presented live through... Safety Board. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions of the Government in....dnfsb.gov ). STATUS: Open. While the Government in the Sunshine Act does not require that the scheduled...

  8. 75 FR 5355 - Sunshine Act; Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ...). (Contact: Dominick Orlando, 301-415-6749.) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address, http://www... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2010-0002] Sunshine Act; Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETINGS: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. DATES: Weeks of February 1, 8, 15, 22, March 1, 8, 2010. PLACE...

  9. 75 FR 4428 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ....m. Briefing on Uranium Recovery (Public Meeting). (Contact: Dominick Orlando, 301-415-6749.) This... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2010-0002] Sunshine Act Meeting Notice DATES: Weeks of January... Plans (Public Meeting). (Contact: Quynh Nguyen, 301-415-5844.) This meeting will be webcast live at the...

  10. 75 FR 9451 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-02

    ... Tuesday, March 2, 2010 9:30 a.m. Briefing on Uranium Recovery (Public Meeting). (Contact: Dominick Orlando, 301-415-6749.) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov , Week of... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2010-0002] Sunshine Act Meetings Agency Holding the Meetings...

  11. 75 FR 6413 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... a.m. Briefing on Uranium Recovery (Public Meeting). (Contact: Dominick Orlando, 301-415-6749.) This... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2010-0002] Sunshine Act Meeting Notice DATES: Weeks of February.... Briefing on Regional Programs--Programs, Performance, and Future Plans (Public Meeting). (Contact: Richard...

  12. 78 FR 65610 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    ... CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION BOARD Sunshine Act Meeting TIME AND DATE: November 14, 2013, 10:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m. CST. PLACE: Radisson Hotel & Conference Center, Banquet Room 5, 200 S. Bell... Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) will convene a public meeting on November 14, 2013, starting...

  13. 75 FR 39974 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... NATIONAL COUNCIL ON DISABILITY Sunshine Act Meetings DATE AND TIMES: July 28, 2010, 2 p.m.-6 p.m. PLACE: Renaissance Washington, DC Downtown Hotel, 999 9th Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: Open to the public. MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED: (1) National Summit on Disability Policy 2010 Evaluation; (2...

  14. 78 FR 42551 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice DATE AND TIME: The Legal Services... promptly upon adjournment of the first meeting. LOCATION: Millennium Ballroom, Warwick Hotel, 1776 Grant....m. Committee 2. Promotion & Provision for the Delivery of Legal Services Committee Tuesday, July 23...

  15. 76 FR 63660 - Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice DATES: Date And Time: The Legal Services..., the Governance & Performance Review Committee meeting will be held at the Hyatt Regency Chicago Hotel..., October 18, 2011 Time. 1. Promotion & Provision for the Delivery of Legal Services Committee. 10:15 p.m. 2...

  16. 77 FR 59014 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice DATE AND TIME: The Legal Services..., October 1, the meeting of the Promotion & Provision for the Delivery of Legal Services Committee will... Hotel, 3800 Hillsborough Road, Durham, North Carolina 27705. PUBLIC OBSERVATION: Unless otherwise noted...

  17. 75 FR 62889 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meetings Date and Time: The Legal Services Corporation... promptly upon adjournment of the immediately preceding meeting. Location: The Hyatt Regency Hotel, 320 West.... Promotion & Provision for the 2 p.m. Delivery of Legal Services Committee (``Promotion & Provision Committee...

  18. 76 FR 20050 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-11

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meetings Notice DATE AND TIME: The Legal Services... run concurrently after the meeting of the Finance Committee. LOCATION: The Westin Hotel, 6631 Broad.... Promotion & Provision for the Delivery 9 a.m. of Legal Services Committee. 2. Operations & Regulations...

  19. 77 FR 7162 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice February 7, 2012. TIME AND DATE: 10 a.m., Thursday... following in open session: Secretary of Labor v. Mach Mining, LLC, Docket Nos. LAKE 2010-1-R, et al.; and Secretary of Labor v. Mach Mining, LLC, Docket Nos. LAKE 2010-190, et al. (Issues include whether the...

  20. 77 FR 30331 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD Sunshine Act Meeting TIME AND DATE: 9:30 a.m., Tuesday, June...: The two items are open to the public. Matters To Be Considered 8308A--Highway Accident Report: Motorcoach Run-Off-the-Road and Collision with Vertical Highway Signpost, Interstate 95 Southbound, New York...

  1. 78 FR 43201 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. Date AND Time: Tuesday, July 23, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. Place: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. Status: This... participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Matters that relate solely to the Commission's...

  2. 76 FR 60493 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice Agency: Federal Election Commission. Date and Time: Tuesday, October 4, 2011 at 10 a.m. Place: 999 E. Street, NW., Washington, DC. Status: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  3. 76 FR 76730 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-08

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, December 13, 2011 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  4. 78 FR 28844 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meetings AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, May 21, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  5. 77 FR 58834 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Thursday, September 27, 2012 and its continuation on Tuesday, October 2, 2012 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E... 26, U.S.C. Matters concerning participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal...

  6. 76 FR 33757 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, June 14, 2011 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  7. 78 FR 23251 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, April 23, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  8. 76 FR 59127 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, September 27, 2011 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  9. 77 FR 5249 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, February 7, 2012 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This Meeting Will Be... civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  10. 75 FR 36656 - Sunshine Act Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notices Agency: Federal Election Commission. Date and Time: Tuesday, June 29, 2010, at 10 a.m. Place: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. Status: This meeting... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  11. 76 FR 55677 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-08

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, September 13, 2011 at 10 a.m. and Thursday, September 15, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW... concerning participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and...

  12. 76 FR 13187 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, March 15, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  13. 76 FR 53458 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, August 30, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  14. 78 FR 69086 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. Federal Register CITATION OF PREVIOUS ANNOUNCMENT: 78 FR 68444 (November 14, 2013) DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, November... proceedings or arbitration. Information the premature disclosure of which would be likely to have a...

  15. 75 FR 28807 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, May 25, 2010, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  16. 78 FR 20317 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-04

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, April 9, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. [[Page 20318

  17. 77 FR 66463 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE and TIME: Thursday, November 8, 2012 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  18. 78 FR 6818 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, February 5, 2013 At 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS... participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  19. 78 FR 12060 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, February 26, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  20. 75 FR 21627 - Sunshine Act Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notices AGENCY: Federal Election Commission Date & Time: Tuesday, April 27, 2010, at 10 a.m. Place: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. Status: THIS meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  1. 77 FR 2724 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-19

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, January 24, 2012 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  2. 76 FR 28986 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, May 24, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  3. 76 FR 18219 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, April 5, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  4. 75 FR 75468 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-03

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Wednesday, December 1, 2010, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  5. 76 FR 41500 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-14

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE and TIME: Tuesday, July 19, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This Meeting Will Be... civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  6. 78 FR 54895 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, September 10, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting.... Matters concerning participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Matters that relate...

  7. 78 FR 34100 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meetings AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. Date & Time: Tuesday, June 11, 2013 AT 10:00 a.m. Place: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC Status: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  8. 78 FR 66360 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Thursday, November 7, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This.... Matters concerning participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules...

  9. 76 FR 8367 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Wednesday, February 16, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  10. 77 FR 32970 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday June 5, 2012 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  11. 75 FR 78994 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE and TIME: Thursday, December 9, 2010, at 9:15 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting.... Matters concerning participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. * * * * * PERSON TO...

  12. 75 FR 5320 - Sunshine Act Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notices AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. Date and Time: Tuesday, February 2, 2010, at 10 a.m. Place: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. Status: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  13. 77 FR 20633 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday April 10, 2012 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  14. 77 FR 70439 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. Date and Time: Wednesday, November 28, 2012 at 10:00 a.m. Place: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. Status: This meeting... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  15. 77 FR 10743 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, February 28, 2012 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  16. 76 FR 63618 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, October 18, 2011 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  17. 77 FR 15370 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, March 20, 2012 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be closed to the public... proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a particular employee...

  18. 77 FR 65190 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, October 30, 2012 At 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS... participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  19. 78 FR 75568 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-12

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, December 17, 2013 at the conclusion of the open meeting and its continuation on Thursday... concerning participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and...

  20. 75 FR 44260 - Sunshine Act Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notices AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. Cancellation Date and Time: Wednesday, July 21, 2010, at 10 a.m. Place: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC (Ninth... proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a particular employee...

  1. 78 FR 37222 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, June 25, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This meeting... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  2. 76 FR 66718 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-27

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday November 1, 2011 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This Meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  3. 78 FR 68444 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, November 19, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting.... Matters concerning participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Information the premature...

  4. 78 FR 97 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, January 8, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  5. 75 FR 65331 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, October 19, 2010, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  6. 77 FR 74186 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, December 18, 2012 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS... participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  7. 76 FR 74784 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATES: Date and Time: Tuesday, November 29, 2011 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  8. 75 FR 57952 - Sunshine Act Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notices AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, September 21, 2010, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  9. 76 FR 10363 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, March 1, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  10. 78 FR 41063 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, July 9, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This meeting... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  11. 75 FR 70919 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, November 16, 2010, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  12. 77 FR 61751 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission DATE and TIME: Tuesday, October 16, 2012 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This Meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  13. 78 FR 14791 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, March 12, 2013 At 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This Meeting Will Be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  14. 78 FR 25740 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE and TIME: Tuesday, May 7, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This meeting... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  15. 78 FR 71611 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday, December 3, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... concerning participation in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. * * * * * PERSON TO CONTACT FOR...

  16. 76 FR 22396 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-21

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, April 26, 2011, AT 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  17. 76 FR 23815 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE and TIME: Tuesday, May 3, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  18. 76 FR 45254 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, August 2, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  19. 76 FR 2906 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Wednesday, January 19, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  20. 76 FR 36922 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, June 28, 2011, at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This... in civil actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters...

  1. 77 FR 43824 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE & TIME: Tuesday July 31, 2012 At 10:00 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This meeting will be... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  2. 76 FR 70132 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. DATE AND TIME: Tuesday, November 15, 2011 at 10 a.m. PLACE: 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC STATUS: This Meeting will... actions or proceedings or arbitration. Internal personnel rules and procedures or matters affecting a...

  3. 78 FR 33112 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meetings AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission...)(Prestressed Concrete Steel Rail Tie Wire from China, Mexico, and Thailand). The Commission is currently...

  4. 77 FR 2962 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-20

    ... announcement on January 4, the Council launched a 100-day initiative to unite all citizens to go ``All In'' for... CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE Sunshine Act Meeting Notice The White House Council..., 12:15-1:15 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. PLACE: The Council will meet via phone conference call. The...

  5. 78 FR 7430 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and video tape. Best... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting January 24, 2013. FCC To Hold Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, January 31, 2013 The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open...

  6. 78 FR 38975 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ... available in paper format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meetings Open Commission Meeting Thursday, June 27, 2013 The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the subjects listed below on...

  7. 78 FR 40426 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY: United States Commission on Civil Rights. ACTION: Notice of Business Meeting... Statutory Enforcement Report Status Update on the Sex Trafficking: A Gender-Based Violation of Civil [email protected] at least seven business days before the scheduled date of the meeting. Dated: July 1, 2013...

  8. 78 FR 40690 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ... Sunshine Act Meetings AGENCY: United States Commission on Civil Rights ACTION: Revised Notice of Business... Statutory Enforcement Report Status Update on the Sex Trafficking: A Gender-Based Violation of Civil [email protected] at least seven business days before the scheduled date of the meeting. Dated: July 3, 2013...

  9. 77 FR 30331 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ..., 2012 9:30 a.m. Joint Meeting of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and the Nuclear... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETINGS: Nuclear Regulatory..., Chief, Work Life and Benefits Branch, at 301-415-6200, TDD: 301-415-2100, or by email at william.dosch...

  10. 76 FR 10410 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... on Small Modular Reactors (Public Meeting) (Contact: Stephanie Coffin, 301-415-6877) This meeting... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2011-0006] Sunshine Federal Register Notice AGENCY: Nuclear... , Week of February 28, 2011--Tentative Tuesday, March 1, 2011 9 a.m. Briefing on Reactor Materials Aging...

  11. 76 FR 11290 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... . Week of March 28, 2011--Tentative Tuesday, March 29, 2011 9 a.m. Briefing on Small Modular Reactors... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2011-0006] Sunshine Federal Register Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETINGS: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. DATES: Weeks of February 28, March 7, 14, 21, 28, April 4, 2011...

  12. 76 FR 12768 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    ... Tuesday, March 29, 2011 9 a.m. Briefing on Small Modular Reactors (Public Meeting). (Contact: Stephanie... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2011-0006] Sunshine Act Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETINGS: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. DATES: Weeks of March 7, 14, 21, 28, April 4, 11, 2011. PLACE...

  13. 76 FR 33297 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: Federal Maritime Commission. TIME AND DATE: June 8, 2011.... MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED: Open Session 1. Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China Request...

  14. 76 FR 75881 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: Federal Maritime Commission. TIME AND DATE: December 8... Proposal of the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China for Adjustment of the Amount for...

  15. 76 FR 26296 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Agency Holding The Meeting: Federal Maritime Commission. Time And Date: May 11, 2011..., Service Terms, and Dispute Resolution. 2. Staff Briefing and Discussion on the Ministry of Transport of...

  16. Act II of the Sunshine Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham-Kanter, Genevieve

    2014-11-01

    To coincide with the introduction in the United States of the Sunshine Act, Genevieve Pham-Kanter discusses what we need to look for to fight hidden bias and deliberate or unconscious corruption. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.

  17. Act II of the Sunshine Act.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genevieve Pham-Kanter

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available To coincide with the introduction in the United States of the Sunshine Act, Genevieve Pham-Kanter discusses what we need to look for to fight hidden bias and deliberate or unconscious corruption. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.

  18. 75 FR 26738 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... (``Cantor'') The Expendables domestic box office receipt futures contract could be used for risk management...] [FR Doc No: 2010-11395] COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice Agency Holding the Meeting: Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Date and Time: May 19, 2010 at 9:30 a.m. Place...

  19. 75 FR 30078 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... market structure issues, including high-frequency trading, undisplayed liquidity, and the appropriate... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... Sunshine Act, Public Law 94-409, that the Securities and Exchange Commission will hold a market structure...

  20. 76 FR 77558 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice DATES: Date and Time: The Legal Services Corporation's Operations & Regulations Committee will meet December 16, 2011. The meeting will commence at 4 p... Bylaws necessitated by the DC Nonprofit Corporation Act of 2010. 3. Public comment. 4. Consider and act...

  1. 75 FR 67397 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-02

    ... select from among those candidates for further consideration. 3. Consider and act on other business. 4... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice Time and Date: The Legal Services Corporation Board of Directors' Search Committee for LSC President (``Search Committee'' or ``Committee...

  2. 77 FR 36580 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice DATE AND TIME: The Audit Committee of the.... Approval of minutes of the Committee's meeting of April 15, 2012 3. Review of Audit Committee charter and...:30 p.m., Eastern Daylight Time, and will continue until the conclusion of the Committee's agenda...

  3. 78 FR 21981 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... transparency, liquidity, efficiency, or other aspects of the structure of the corporate bond and asset-backed... Sunshine Act, Public Law 94-409, that the Securities and Exchange Commission will hold a fixed income... characteristics of the corporate bond and asset-backed securities markets today, how those markets have evolved in...

  4. Payments to Pediatricians in the Sunshine Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karas, Dominique J; Bandari, Jathin; Browning, Danielle N; Jacobs, Bruce L; Davies, Benjamin J

    2017-07-01

    Under the Sunshine Act, pharmaceutical and product industry payments to physicians are reported in a public database. We sought to characterize payments received by pediatricians in the first full year of disclosures in 2014. We used the National Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Open Payment files to identify pediatricians who received payments. Payment characteristics were stratified, and descriptive statistical analysis was performed, including mean, median, and ranges of payments. Between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014, 35 697 pediatricians received payments amounting to $30 031 960. General pediatricians received the majority of payments (71%). Median payment was $15 (interquartile range = $12-$24), mostly in the form of noncash items and services (84%). Significant diversity was observed in median payments among specialty providers. In conclusion, 42% of US pediatricians received industry payments in 2014. These data provide a foundation for future research regarding the influence of the Sunshine Act on pediatric clinical practices.

  5. Correlation between sunshine hours and climatic parameters at four ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    One of the most important factors in solar energy production is related to the predictability of sunshine hours. The objective of this study is to assess the correlation between sunshine hours and relative humidity, cloud cover, maximum and minimum temperature, for the purpose of identifying the most appropriate ...

  6. Nowcasting sunshine number using logistic modeling

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brabec, Marek; Badescu, V.; Paulescu, M.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1-2 (2013), s. 61-71 ISSN 0177-7971 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LD12009 Grant - others:European Cooperation in Science and Technology(XE) COST ES1002 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1030915 Keywords : logistic regression * Markov model * sunshine number Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research Impact factor: 1.245, year: 2013

  7. Comparison of sunshine duration measurements from Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder and CSD1 sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Grzegorz; Zając, Ireneusz

    2017-07-01

    Paper presents comparative analysis of sunshine duration measurement results obtained using Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder (CS) and electronic sensor (CSD1). The comparison is based on data from 2009 to 2010 collected at seven weather stations (Leszno, Wrocław-Strachowice, Legnica, Opole, Zielona Góra, Jelenia Góra, Kłodzko) operated by the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management—National Research Institute (IMWM-NRI) in south-western Poland. Results obtained in Opole and Legnica stations are erroneous. In case of other stations, the relationship between daily total sunshine duration as measured by CS and CSD1 was strong. Coefficients of determination were 0.96-0.97. Mean differences in daily totals of sunshine duration were ±0.3 h. Differences of mean monthly and annual totals were both positive and negative with no pattern of occurrences. Implementation of permanent corrections is not possible. The highest consistency between both measurement devices was found during winter months.

  8. Stochastic modeling of sunshine number data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brabec, Marek, E-mail: mbrabec@cs.cas.cz [Department of Nonlinear Modeling, Institute of Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Pod Vodarenskou vezi 2, 182 07 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Paulescu, Marius [Physics Department, West University of Timisoara, V. Parvan 4, 300223 Timisoara (Romania); Badescu, Viorel [Candida Oancea Institute, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Spl. Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest (Romania)

    2013-11-13

    In this paper, we will present a unified statistical modeling framework for estimation and forecasting sunshine number (SSN) data. Sunshine number has been proposed earlier to describe sunshine time series in qualitative terms (Theor Appl Climatol 72 (2002) 127-136) and since then, it was shown to be useful not only for theoretical purposes but also for practical considerations, e.g. those related to the development of photovoltaic energy production. Statistical modeling and prediction of SSN as a binary time series has been challenging problem, however. Our statistical model for SSN time series is based on an underlying stochastic process formulation of Markov chain type. We will show how its transition probabilities can be efficiently estimated within logistic regression framework. In fact, our logistic Markovian model can be relatively easily fitted via maximum likelihood approach. This is optimal in many respects and it also enables us to use formalized statistical inference theory to obtain not only the point estimates of transition probabilities and their functions of interest, but also related uncertainties, as well as to test of various hypotheses of practical interest, etc. It is straightforward to deal with non-homogeneous transition probabilities in this framework. Very importantly from both physical and practical points of view, logistic Markov model class allows us to test hypotheses about how SSN dependents on various external covariates (e.g. elevation angle, solar time, etc.) and about details of the dynamic model (order and functional shape of the Markov kernel, etc.). Therefore, using generalized additive model approach (GAM), we can fit and compare models of various complexity which insist on keeping physical interpretation of the statistical model and its parts. After introducing the Markovian model and general approach for identification of its parameters, we will illustrate its use and performance on high resolution SSN data from the Solar

  9. Stochastic modeling of sunshine number data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brabec, Marek; Paulescu, Marius; Badescu, Viorel

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we will present a unified statistical modeling framework for estimation and forecasting sunshine number (SSN) data. Sunshine number has been proposed earlier to describe sunshine time series in qualitative terms (Theor Appl Climatol 72 (2002) 127-136) and since then, it was shown to be useful not only for theoretical purposes but also for practical considerations, e.g. those related to the development of photovoltaic energy production. Statistical modeling and prediction of SSN as a binary time series has been challenging problem, however. Our statistical model for SSN time series is based on an underlying stochastic process formulation of Markov chain type. We will show how its transition probabilities can be efficiently estimated within logistic regression framework. In fact, our logistic Markovian model can be relatively easily fitted via maximum likelihood approach. This is optimal in many respects and it also enables us to use formalized statistical inference theory to obtain not only the point estimates of transition probabilities and their functions of interest, but also related uncertainties, as well as to test of various hypotheses of practical interest, etc. It is straightforward to deal with non-homogeneous transition probabilities in this framework. Very importantly from both physical and practical points of view, logistic Markov model class allows us to test hypotheses about how SSN dependents on various external covariates (e.g. elevation angle, solar time, etc.) and about details of the dynamic model (order and functional shape of the Markov kernel, etc.). Therefore, using generalized additive model approach (GAM), we can fit and compare models of various complexity which insist on keeping physical interpretation of the statistical model and its parts. After introducing the Markovian model and general approach for identification of its parameters, we will illustrate its use and performance on high resolution SSN data from the Solar

  10. 76 FR 2113 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... public. MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED: Open Session 1. Announcement of Notation Votes, and 2. Human Trafficking and Forced Labor--Invited Panelists Note: In accordance with the Sunshine Act, the meeting will be...

  11. Little Miss Sunshine et le road movie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Paupe

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Little Miss Sunshine est un road movie bien particulier : s’il relève assurément de ce genre, puisqu’il est essentiellement consacré au périple entrepris par ses protagonistes afin d’emmener, envers et contre tout, la petite Olive au concours de beauté qui l’attend en Californie, le film de Jonathan Dayton et Valerie Faris retient surtout l’attention par son humour satirique. Un rapide tour d’horizon de sa réception critique confirme qu’il a été rangé simultanément dans deux catégories généri...

  12. Exploring lag and duration effect of sunshine in triggering suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadopoulos, Fotios C; Frangakis, Constantine E; Skalkidou, Alkistis; Petridou, Eleni; Stevens, Richard G; Trichopoulos, Dimitrios

    2005-11-01

    Sunshine is considered to have a beneficial impact on mood. Interestingly, it has been consistently found that the incidence of suicide reaches a peak during early summer. In order to explore the pattern of sunshine and suicide risk in a time frame of up to nine days and investigate possible lag and duration parameters of sunshine in the triggering of suicide, Greek daily suicide and solar radiance data were analyzed for a 10-year period using logistic regression models. The solar radiance during the day before the suicide event was significantly associated with an increased suicide risk (OR=1.020 per MW/m2). The average solar radiance during the four previous days was also significantly associated with an increased suicide risk (OR=1.031 per MW/m2). Differences among genders include the longer sunshine exposure needed in males to trigger suicide, compared to females and a lag period of three to four days that was found to lapse in females till the suicide. The increase in suicide risk in June compared to December, attributable to the daily sunshine effect, varies from 52% to 88%, thus explaining the already known suicide monthly seasonality. No individual data on solar radiance exposure, mental disorders, alcohol consumption or suicide method were available. The effect of sunshine in the triggering of suicide may be mediated through a mechanism with a specific lag and duration effect, during the nine days preceding suicide. We hypothesize that sunshine acts as a natural antidepressant which first improves motivation, then only later improves mood, thereby creating a potential short-term increased risk of suicide initially upon its application.

  13. Urbanization effect on trends in sunshine duration in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yawen; Wild, Martin; Sanchez-Lorenzo, Arturo; Manara, Veronica

    2017-07-01

    There is an ongoing debate on whether the observed decadal variations in surface solar radiation, known as dimming and brightening periods, are a large-scale or solely local phenomenon. We investigated this issue using long-term sunshine duration records from China, which experienced a rapid increase in urbanization during the past decades. Over the period 1960-2013, 172 pairs of urban and nearby rural stations were analyzed. Urban and rural sunshine duration trends show similar spatial patterns during a dimming phase (1960-1989) and a subsequent period during which trends were leveling off (1990-2013). This indicates that rather than local effects, the trends in sunshine duration are on more of a national or regional scale in China. Nevertheless, in the dimming phase, the declining rate of sunshine duration in rural areas is around two-thirds of that in urban areas. The ratio of rural to urban dimming generally increases from a minimum of 0.39 to a maximum of 0.87 with increasing indices of urbanization calculated based on the year 2013. It reaches a maximum when the urbanization level exceeds 50 %, the urban population exceeds 20 million, or the population density becomes higher than 250 person km-2. After the transition into the leveling-off period, sunshine duration trends are no longer significantly affected by urbanization. Meanwhile, the number of laws and regulations related to air pollution and investment in pollution treatment have been increasing in China.

  14. Shadows amid sunshine: regulating financial conflicts in medical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saver, Richard S

    2014-02-01

    Under brand new rules implementing the Physician Payments Sunshine Act (Sunshine Act), a wide range of financial relationships, including many research-related payments, between industry, physicians, and teaching hospitals will be publicly disclosed through comprehensive, standardized payment reporting. The Sunshine Act represents the latest in a series of regulatory attempts to address financial conflicts of interest that may bias research conduct and threaten subject safety. This article summarizes the major aspects of the Sunshine Act affecting medical research, how it interacts with existing laws and policies, and identifies important unresolved issues and implementation challenges that still lie ahead with the rollout of the legislation underway. The Sunshine Act primarily depends on disclosure as a regulatory tool. As such, its long-term impact remains open to question. Disclosure in this context may have limited utility given, among other reasons, uncertainty about who the intended recipients are and their ability to use the information effectively. Apart from the insufficiency of transparency, this article further explores how proportionality, fairness, and accountability considerations make optimal regulation of financial conflicts in medical research quite challenging.

  15. Global solar radiation estimation using sunshine duration in Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almorox, J.; Hontoria, C. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain). Dpto. de Edafologia

    2004-06-01

    Several equations were employed to estimate global solar radiation from sunshine hours for 16 meteorological stations in Spain, using only the relative duration of sunshine. These equations included the original Angstrom-Prescott linear regression and modified functions (quadratic, third degree, logarithmic and exponential functions). Estimated values were compared with measured values in terms of the coefficient of determination, standard error of the estimate and mean absolute error. All the models fitted the data adequately and can be used to estimate global solar radiation from sunshine hours. This study finds that the third degree models performed better than the other models, but the linear model is preferred due to its greater simplicity and wider application. It is also found that seasonal partitioning does not significantly improve the estimation of global radiation. (author)

  16. Oranges and Sunshine: The Story of a Traumatic Encounter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores Herrero

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper will rely on some well-known theories on trauma, memory and ethics to study how Jim Loach’s debut film Oranges and Sunshine (2010 testifies to the traumatic deportation of up to 150,000 British children to distant parts of the Empire, mainly Australia, until 1970. Oranges and Sunshine was based on Margaret Humphreys’ moving memoir, originally entitled Empty Cradles (1994 but later re-titled Oranges and Sunshine after Loach’s film. What these two texts basically claim is the need to recover historic memory through heart-breaking acts of remembrance, which can alone denounce the atrocities that were concomitant with the colonial enterprise and pave the way for disclosing and working through individual and collective traumas.

  17. Is a little sunshine all we need? On the impact of sunshine regulation on profits, productivity and prices in the Dutch drinking water sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Witte, K.; Saal, D.S.

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes the conduct of publicly owned monopolistic utilities regulated by a voluntary sunshine regulatory model (i.e. publication of the performances of utilities). In particular, we examine the behaviour of Dutch drinking water utilities before and after the introduction of the sunshine

  18. 77 FR 21812 - National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-11

    ... NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meeting The National Science Board's Committee on Strategy and Budget Task Force on Data Policies, pursuant to NSF regulations (45 CFR part 614), the National Science Foundation Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1862n-5), and the Government...

  19. 77 FR 15141 - National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ... NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings The National Science Board's Committee on Strategy and Budget Task Force on Data Policies, pursuant to NSF regulations (45... Science Board's focus on data policies. STATUS: Open. LOCATION: This meeting will be held by...

  20. 75 FR 63865 - National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-18

    ... NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings The National Science Board's Task Force on Data Policies, Committee on Strategy and Budget, pursuant to NSF regulations (45 CFR Part 614), the National Science Foundation Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1862n-5), and the Government...

  1. 76 FR 76191 - National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    ... NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice The National Science Board's Committee on Strategy and Budget and the CSB Task Force on Data Policies, pursuant to NSF regulations (45 CFR Part 614), the National Science Foundation Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1862n-5), and the...

  2. Growing degree day and sunshine radiation effects on peanut pod ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Growth and development of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) are affected by different uncontrollable environmental conditions. The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of different planting dates, thermal temperatures (growing degree days, GDD) and daily sunshine duration on morphological and agronomic traits ...

  3. 75 FR 8155 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ....m. Briefing on Uranium Recovery (Public Meeting) (Contact: Dominick Orlando, 301-415-6749). This... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2010-0002] Sunshine Act; Notice of Meeting DATES: Weeks of....m. Affirmation Session (Public Meeting) (Tentative). Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc. (Indian Point...

  4. Implementation of sunshine sports in secondary schools in Tianjin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A total of 450 physical education (PE) teachers in 34 secondary schools drawn from six districts in Tianjin participated in the study. ... schools in Tianjin met the official requirement for teaching sunshine sports, except during examination period in which 80% of PE classes were substituted by other 'academic' lessons. A total ...

  5. 75 FR 33367 - Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    ... POSTAL SERVICE Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting Times and Dates: 4 p.m., Monday, June 21, 2010; and 10 a.m., Tuesday, June 22, 2010. Place: Louisville, Kentucky, at the Brown Hotel, 335 West Broadway. Status: (Closed). Matters To Be Considered: Monday, June 21, at 4 p.m. (Closed) 1. Strategic...

  6. 76 FR 17712 - Sunshine Act; Notice Of Agency Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act; Notice Of Agency Meeting TIME AND DATE: 9:30 a.m., Monday, April 4, 2011. PLACE: Westin San Diego Hotel, Board Room, 3rd Floor, 400 West Broadway, San Diego, CA 92101. STATUS: Closed. MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED: 1. Consideration of Supervisory...

  7. 75 FR 1088 - Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-08

    ... POSTAL SERVICE Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting TIMES AND DATES: 3:30 p.m., Monday, January 11, 2010; and 7:30 a.m., Tuesday, January 12, 2010. PLACE: Newport Beach, California, at the Fairmont Hotel, 4500 MacArthur Boulevard. STATUS: (Closed) MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED: Monday, January 11, at...

  8. 76 FR 594 - Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... POSTAL SERVICE Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting TIMES AND DATES: 4 p.m., Monday, January 10, 2011; and 9 a.m., Tuesday, January 11, 2011. PLACE: Long Beach, California, at the Renaissance Hotel, 111 East Ocean Boulevard. STATUS: (Closed). MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED: Monday, January 10, at 4 p...

  9. 77 FR 48170 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-13

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-12-024] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: August 21, 2012 at 9:30 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  10. 76 FR 39437 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-019] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: July 20, 2011 at 11 a.m. PLACE: Room 110, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000. STATUS...

  11. 78 FR 40507 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-13-016] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: July 10, 2013 at 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000. STATUS...

  12. 77 FR 75362 - Government in the Sunshine Act Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION 29 CFR Part 1612 Government in the Sunshine Act Regulations CFR Correction 0 In Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 900 to 1899, revised as of July 1, 2012, on page 266, in Sec. 1612.6 (b) the words ``2401 E Street NW., Washington, DC, 20506...

  13. 77 FR 66631 - Government in The Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-06

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-12-029] Government in The Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: November 9, 2012 at 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  14. 76 FR 52013 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-023] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: August 30, 2011 at 11 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  15. 76 FR 25709 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-011] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: May 13, 2011 at 11 a.m. PLACE: Room 110, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000. STATUS...

  16. 76 FR 17966 - Government In the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-008] Government In the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: April 12, 2011 at 11 a.m. PLACE: Room 110, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436. Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  17. 76 FR 66751 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-27

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-029] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice Agency Holding The Meeting: United States International Trade Commission. Time And Date: November 3, 2011 at 2 p.m. Place: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000. Status...

  18. 76 FR 39876 - Government in the Sunshine; Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-07

    ... FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Government in the Sunshine; Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. TIME AND DATE: 11 a.m. on July 5, 2011. The business of the Board requires that this meeting be held with less than one week's advance notice to the...

  19. 78 FR 49545 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-13-019] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: August 19, 2013 at 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  20. 77 FR 14043 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-12-005] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY: Agency Holding the Meeting: United States International Trade Commission. DATES: Time and Date: March 14, 2012 at 11 a.m. Place: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436...

  1. 78 FR 48192 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-07

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-13-017] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: August 9, 2013 at 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  2. 75 FR 13573 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-10-004] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice Agency Holding the Meeting: United States International Trade Commission. Time and Date: March 26, 2010 at 11 a.m. Place: Room 101, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  3. 76 FR 39122 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-018] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: July 8, 2011 at 9:30 a.m. PLACE: Room 110, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  4. 76 FR 33783 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-014] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: June 13, 2011 at 1 p.m. PLACE: Room 110, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436. Telephone: (202) 205-2000. STATUS...

  5. 75 FR 69620 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ... BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice Date and Time: Friday, November 19, 2010, 11 a.m. Place: Cohen Building, Room 3321, 330 Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC 20237. Subject: Notice of Meeting of the Broadcasting Board of Governors. SUMMARY: The...

  6. 78 FR 73882 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-13-033] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: December 13, 2013 at 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000. STATUS: Open to the...

  7. 76 FR 79710 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-039] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: January 5, 2012 at 11 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000. STATUS...

  8. 76 FR 54791 - Government In the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-024] Government In the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: September 9, 2011 at 11 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  9. 78 FR 55296 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-13-023] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: September 20, 2013 at 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  10. 76 FR 62444 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-027] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission, TIME AND DATE: October 12, 2011 at 9:30 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  11. 75 FR 64742 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-10-029] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: October 22, 2010 at 2 p.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000. STATUS...

  12. 77 FR 69658 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice [USITC SE-12-033] AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: November 27, 2012 at 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Room 101, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000...

  13. 76 FR 21006 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-009] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. ORIGINAL DATE AND TIME: April 12, 2011 at 11 a.m. NEW DATE AND TIME: April 14, 2011 at 1:30 p.m. PLACE: 500 E Street, SW., Washington, DC...

  14. 76 FR 69763 - Government In the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-031] Government In the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY: Agency Holding The Meeting: United States International Trade Commission. DATES: Time and Date: November 15, 2011 at 11 a.m. Place: Room 100, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205...

  15. 76 FR 62759 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice DATE AND TIME: Thursday, October 13, 2011, 3 p.m. PLACE: Cohen Building, Room 3321, 330 Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC 20237. SUBJECT: Notice of Meeting of the Broadcasting Board of Governors. SUMMARY: The...

  16. 76 FR 22146 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [USITC SE-11-010] Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice AGENCY HOLDING THE MEETING: United States International Trade Commission. TIME AND DATE: April 28, 2011 at 11 a.m. PLACE: Room 110, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, Telephone: (202) 205-2000. STATUS...

  17. 78 FR 22880 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... Financials 5. Annual Financial Audit--Clifton Larson Allen (CLA) 6. Office of Enterprise Planning Report 7... INVESTMENT BOARD Sunshine Act; Notice of Meeting TIME AND DATE: 9:00 a.m. (Eastern Time) April 22, 2013. PLACE: 10th Floor Training Room, 77 K Street NE., Washington, DC 20002. STATUS: Parts will be open to...

  18. correlation between sunshine hours and climatic parameters at four

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mgina

    problems in the field of energy management and operation have emerged on the energy market. One of the most important factors in solar energy production is related to the predictability of sunshine hours (Firoz and. Intikhab 2004, John and Tony 2000). This has resulted in non-optimal use of solar radiation. Therefore, the ...

  19. 76 FR 35050 - National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice The National Science Board's Committee on Strategy... Science Board business and other matters specified, as follows: DATE AND TIME: Friday June 17th at 12 p.m.-1:30 p.m., EDT. SUBJECT MATTER: Discussion of the May Annual Portfolio Review, discussion and input...

  20. 75 FR 49538 - National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ... National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice The National Science Board's Committee on Strategy... in regard to the scheduling of a meeting for the transaction of National Science Board business and... Matter: Review, discussion and recommendation of the NSF Future year budget. Status: Closed. Location...

  1. 78 FR 15745 - Sunshine Act Meetings: March 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD Sunshine Act Meetings: March 2013 TIME AND DATES: All meetings are held at 2:00 p.m. Thursday, March 7; Wednesday, March 13; Thursday, March 14; Wednesday, March 20; Thursday, March 21; Wednesday, March 27; Thursday, March 28. PLACE: Board Agenda Room, No. 11820, 1099 14th...

  2. 77 FR 14047 - Sunshine Act Meetings Notice; March 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD Sunshine Act Meetings Notice; March 2012 TIME AND DATES: All meetings are held at 2:30 p.m. Wednesday, March 7; Thursday, March 8; Tuesday, March 13; Wednesday, March 14; Thursday, March 15; Tuesday, March 20; Wednesday, March 21; Thursday, March 22; Tuesday, March 27...

  3. 75 FR 73083 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-29

    ... format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and video tape. Best... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting November 30, 2010. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the subjects listed below on...

  4. 77 FR 8257 - Sunshine Act Open Commission Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Open Commission Meeting Date: February 8, 2012. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the subjects listed below on Wednesday...

  5. Estimation of global solar radiation from sunshine hours for Warri ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Multiple linear regression models were developed to estimate the monthly daily sunshine hours using four parameters during a period of eleven years (1997 to 2007) for Warri, Nigeria (Latitude of 5o 34' 21.0''); the parameters include, Relative Humidity, Maximum and Minimum Temperature, Rainfall and Wind Speed.

  6. estimation of global solar radiation from sunshine hours for warri

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DJFLEX

    Multiple linear regression models were developed to estimate the monthly daily sunshine hours using four parameters during a period of eleven years (1997 to 2007) for Warri, Nigeria (Latitude of 5o. 34' 21.0''); the parameters include, Relative Humidity, Maximum and Minimum Temperature, Rainfall and Wind Speed.

  7. Brightening up: the effect of the Physician Payment Sunshine Act on existing regulation of pharmaceutical marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorlach, Igor; Pham-Kanter, Genevieve

    2013-01-01

    With the passage of the Physician Payment Sunshine Act as part of the federal health care reform law, pharmaceutical manufacturers are now required to disclose a wide range of payments made by manufacturers to physicians. We review current state regulation of pharmaceutical marketing and consider how the federal sunshine provision will affect existing marketing regulation. We analyze the legal and practical implications of the Physician Payment Sunshine Act. © 2013 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.

  8. Urbanization effect on trends in sunshine duration in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Wang

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available There is an ongoing debate on whether the observed decadal variations in surface solar radiation, known as dimming and brightening periods, are a large-scale or solely local phenomenon. We investigated this issue using long-term sunshine duration records from China, which experienced a rapid increase in urbanization during the past decades. Over the period 1960–2013, 172 pairs of urban and nearby rural stations were analyzed. Urban and rural sunshine duration trends show similar spatial patterns during a dimming phase (1960–1989 and a subsequent period during which trends were leveling off (1990–2013. This indicates that rather than local effects, the trends in sunshine duration are on more of a national or regional scale in China. Nevertheless, in the dimming phase, the declining rate of sunshine duration in rural areas is around two-thirds of that in urban areas. The ratio of rural to urban dimming generally increases from a minimum of 0.39 to a maximum of 0.87 with increasing indices of urbanization calculated based on the year 2013. It reaches a maximum when the urbanization level exceeds 50 %, the urban population exceeds 20 million, or the population density becomes higher than 250 person km−2. After the transition into the leveling-off period, sunshine duration trends are no longer significantly affected by urbanization. Meanwhile, the number of laws and regulations related to air pollution and investment in pollution treatment have been increasing in China.

  9. Reimagining liquid transportation fuels : sunshine to petrol.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Terry Alan (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Hogan, Roy E., Jr.; McDaniel, Anthony H. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Siegel, Nathan Phillip; Dedrick, Daniel E. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Stechel, Ellen Beth; Diver, Richard B., Jr.; Miller, James Edward; Allendorf, Mark D. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Ambrosini, Andrea; Coker, Eric Nicholas; Staiger, Chad Lynn; Chen, Ken Shuang; Ermanoski, Ivan; Kellog, Gary L.

    2012-01-01

    Two of the most daunting problems facing humankind in the twenty-first century are energy security and climate change. This report summarizes work accomplished towards addressing these problems through the execution of a Grand Challenge LDRD project (FY09-11). The vision of Sunshine to Petrol is captured in one deceptively simple chemical equation: Solar Energy + xCO{sub 2} + (x+1)H{sub 2}O {yields} C{sub x}H{sub 2x+2}(liquid fuel) + (1.5x+.5)O{sub 2} Practical implementation of this equation may seem far-fetched, since it effectively describes the use of solar energy to reverse combustion. However, it is also representative of the photosynthetic processes responsible for much of life on earth and, as such, summarizes the biomass approach to fuels production. It is our contention that an alternative approach, one that is not limited by efficiency of photosynthesis and more directly leads to a liquid fuel, is desirable. The development of a process that efficiently, cost effectively, and sustainably reenergizes thermodynamically spent feedstocks to create reactive fuel intermediates would be an unparalleled achievement and is the key challenge that must be surmounted to solve the intertwined problems of accelerating energy demand and climate change. We proposed that the direct thermochemical conversion of CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O to CO and H{sub 2}, which are the universal building blocks for synthetic fuels, serve as the basis for this revolutionary process. To realize this concept, we addressed complex chemical, materials science, and engineering problems associated with thermochemical heat engines and the crucial metal-oxide working-materials deployed therein. By project's end, we had demonstrated solar-driven conversion of CO{sub 2} to CO, a key energetic synthetic fuel intermediate, at 1.7% efficiency.

  10. The Physical Oceanography of Australia's Sunshine Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribbe, Joachim

    2017-04-01

    Australia's Sunshine coast is located to the south of the Great Barrier Reef and Fraser Island between about 25 oS to 28 oS. With a width of nearly 70-80 km, the eastern Australian continental shelf is at its widest here. The shelf region is referred to as the Southeast Queensland Marine Coastal Zone due to its unique physical oceanographic characteristics. The most prominent large-scale oceanic feature is the southward flowing East Australian Current (EAC). It forms to the north of Fraser Island from Coral Sea outflows, intensifies, and follows the continental shelf as a swift continental shelf hugging current but variable in strength; stronger in the southern hemisphere summer and weaker in winter. Little attention has been paid to the physical oceanography of this region, although important physical processes take place that drive regional marine environmental conditions, drive cross-shelf exchanges and interactions with the EAC, and that represent marine connectivity processes significant to the larger scale eastern Australian fisheries. This presentation reviews recent discoveries that include the Southeast Fraser Island Upwelling System, the Fraser Island Gyre, and document the role of cyclonic mesoscale eddies in driving cross-shelf exchanges and contribute to the formation of the Fraser Island Gyre. The Southeast Fraser Island Upwelling System appears to be predominately driven by the interaction of the EAC with the continental shelf leading to the establishment of one of eight important marine ecological hotspots along the east Australian coast. The Fraser Island Gyre is most prominent during the southern hemisphere autumn and winter months. It is characterised by on-shelf northerly flow, turning eastward south of Fraser Island before joining the EAC. It emerges that cyclonic eddy formation as well as the south-easterly trade winds drive the gyre's establishment and strength. A census of short-lived (7-28 days) cyclonic eddies, the first for any western

  11. A New Point of View on the Relationship Between Global Solar Irradiation and Sunshine Quantifiers

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brabec, Marek; Badescu, V.; Dumitrescu, A.; Paulescu, M.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 126, March (2016), s. 252-263 ISSN 0038-092X Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : global solar irradiation * sunshine quantifiers * sunshine number * Angstrom equation * statistical modeling * regression analysis Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research Impact factor: 4.018, year: 2016

  12. Sunshine Duration Variability in Haihe River Basin, China, during 1966–2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Ren

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Sunshine can have a profound impact on the systematic change in climate elements, such as temperature and wind speed, and in turn affects many aspects of the human society. In recent years, there has been a substantial interest in the variation of sunshine duration due to the dramatic global climate change. Hence, there is a need to better understand the variation of sunshine duration in order to cope with climate change. This study aimed to analyze the variation of sunshine duration in Haihe River basin, China, and its relationship with temperature, wind speed and low-level cloudiness. The annual, seasonal and monthly changes of sunshine duration were analyzed based on the data collected from 33 meteorological stations over the Haihe River basin during 1966–2015. It is evident that the annual, seasonal and monthly sunshine duration shows a decreasing trend over time. In addition, the annual sunshine duration is lower with a higher climate tendency rate in the southern and eastern coastal regions than that in the northwestern regions. It is negatively correlated with temperature (r = −0.50 and low-level cloudiness (r = −0.29, but positively with wind speed (r = 0.61. Wind speed may be one of the important causes of the decrease of sunshine duration in the Haihe River basin during 1966–2015. These changes may have significant implications for the hydrological cycle in the area.

  13. 75 FR 9414 - Farm Credit Administration Board; Sunshine Act; Regular Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-02

    ... FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION Farm Credit Administration Board; Sunshine Act; Regular Meeting AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the Government in the Sunshine Act (5 U.S.C. 552b(e)(3)), of the regular meeting of the Farm Credit Administration Board (Board...

  14. 75 FR 7480 - Farm Credit Administration Board; Sunshine Act; Regular Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-19

    ... FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION Farm Credit Administration Board; Sunshine Act; Regular Meeting AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the Government in the Sunshine...) of the Farm Credit Administration Board (Board) has been rescheduled due to the recent inclement...

  15. Fiscal 1981 Sunshine Project research report. Research on underground reinjection mechanism of hot water; 1981 nendo nessui no chika kangen mechanism no chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1981 research result on the behavior and flow mechanism of underground reinjected hot water, and the effect of reinjected hot water on the ground. In the tracer survey in Takinoue area, Iwate prefecture, the re-upwelling rate and mixing rate of reinjected hot water were lower than those in previous surveys, showing the smaller effect of hot water on productivity. In Nigori-Gawa area, Hokkaido, natural conditions prior to industrial production and reinjection were observed by tracer survey. In the simulation research, it was confirmed that the hydraulic structural model and analysis technique established by previous researches are effective for new production and reinjection systems different from previous ones enough. On observation of minute earthquakes, study was made on the effect of reinjected hot water on the ground in Takinoue area. In Nigori-Gawa area, the data were collected under natural conditions prior to industrial production and reinjection through minute earthquake observations. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1999 Advanced research and development project under New Sunshine Project. Study on supercritical solvolysis reaction; 1999 nendo chorinkai ryutai riyo gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The research and development project is implemented for the chemical processes which utilize supercritical fluids, in order to establish the basic technologies for the environment-friendly chemical processes. For the solvolysis, the conditions under which plastics are hydrolyzed in supercritical water are investigated, and the basic data are obtained for the optimum conditions under which thermoplastic resins are hydrolyzed. The mechanisms involved in hydrolysis of polymers in supercritical water are elucidated to some extent. The environment-friendly process for synthesizing polycarbonate in supercritical carbon dioxide gas is investigated, and the continuous flow sheets are established for securing almost 100% conversion in the presence of an inexpensive catalyst. For the oxidation, the tests are conducted to burn low-grade coal in supercritical water, and the conditions under which it is burnt without releasing acid and toxic gases are found. For the hydrogenation, heavy fuel oil is treated in supercritical water to produce the lighter products. The conditions under which light oils and gases are produced are clarified, and the basic data are obtained for producing light gases from the resultant coke as the by-product. (NEDO)

  17. The sunshine act and medical publications: Guidance from professional medical associations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toroser, Dikran; DeTora, Lisa; Cairns, Angela; Juneja, Renu; Georgieva, Anna; Weigel, Al; Pepitone, Kim

    2015-01-01

    To review guidance from professional medical associations to physicians on the Sunshine Act, with a focus on industry support for medical publications. Using 'Sunshine Act' as a search term, we searched PubMed (dates February 2013 to November 2014) and the 'grey literature' using Google and Google Scholar. Online information was extracted from websites of pre-identified professional medical associations. Some professional medical associations have published peer-reviewed recommendations, position statements or general advice on their websites and in journals around the Sunshine Act. Associations also provided broad online educational resources for physicians. There was universal agreement between peer-reviewed publications, including guidelines, for the need for full transparency and disclosure of industry support. Surveys by some professional associations showed variance in opinion on the forecasted impact of the Sunshine Act on physician-industry relationships. There was scarce information specifically related to reporting requirements for industry-supported medical publications. There is a shortage of information for physicians from professional associations regarding the Sunshine Act and support for medical publications. Due to the lack of clear guidance regarding support for publications, there are presently varying interpretations of the Sunshine Act. The literature debates the potential impact of the Sunshine Act and expresses some concerns that physician-enabled innovation in drug development may be hindered.

  18. Estimation of global solar radiation by means of sunshine duration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luis, Mazorra Aguiar; Felipe, Diaz Reyes [Electrical Engineering Dept., Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Univ. (U.L.P.G.C.), Campus Univ. Tafira (Spain); Pilar, Navarro Rivero [Canary Islands Technological Inst. (I.T.C.), Gran Canaria (Spain)

    2008-07-01

    This paper analyses the relationship between global solar irradiation and sunshine duration with different estimation models for the island of Gran Canaria (Spain). These parameters were taken from six measurement stations around the Island, and selected for their reliability and the long period of time they covered. All data used in this paper were handed over by the Canary Islands Technological Institute (I.T.C.). As a first approach, it was decided to study the Angstrom lineal model. In order to improve the knowledge on solar resources, a Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) was created from all daily data. TMY shows differences between southern and northern locations, where Trade Winds generate clouds during the summer months. TMY resumes a data bank much longer than a year in duration, generating the characteristics for a year series of each location, for both irradiation and sunshine duration. To create the TMY, weighted means have been used to smooth high or low values. At first, Angstrom lineal model has been used to estimate solar global irradiation from sunshine duration values, using TMY. But the lineal model didn't reproduce satisfactory results when used to obtain global solar radiation from all daily sunshine duration data. For this reason, different models based in both parameters were used. The parameters estimation of this model was achieved both from TMY daily and monthly series and from all daily data for every location. Because of the weather stability all over the year in the Island, most of the daily data are concentrated in a close range, occasioning a deviation in the lineal equations. To avoid this deviation it was proposed to consider a limit condition data, taking into account values out of the main cloud of data. Additionally, different models were proposed (quadratic, cubic, logarithmic and exponential) to make a regression from all daily data. The best results were obtained with the exponential model proposed in this paper. The

  19. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Subtask 1 hydrogen utilization worldwide clean energy system technology (WE-NET) (survey/study for the comprehensive evaluation and development plan); 1997 nendo seika hokokusho. Suiso riyo kokusai clean energy system gijutsu (WE-NET) subtask 1 sogo hyoka to kaihatsu keikaku no tame no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The survey was aimed at grasping/arranging the situation abroad and in Japan of the WE-NET system technology such as technologies of hydrogen production, hydrogen transportation/storage, low temperature materials, hydrogen utilization, and hydrogen fueled turbines, and also at constantly making the comprehensive adjustment of the whole WE-NET project. Further, conducting the traverse evaluation of the developmental results having been made and considering the situation of progress in Stage 1, the survey was aimed at working out plans for tests and development be made in Stage 2. The paper grasped the situation of progress of each system element technology of WE-NET via the leader study meeting to be held once a month. Through the participation in committees, division meetings and WGs, the progress situation was directly grasped. The technology developmental trend overseas was studied through the participation in HYPOTHESIS 2. For the purpose of optimizing the R and D of the whole project, the arrangement was made for setting-up of design target values of low temperature materials relating to Subtask 5 and 6. To use as the basis of the study of the Stage 2 plan, a shift scenario in the medium stage was surveyed/studied. 4 figs., 59 tabs.

  20. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Investigations on modification and improvement project for Potoshani district heating and heat supplying facilities in Romania; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Romania koku Potoshani chiiki danbo netsukyokyu setsubi no kaishu oyobi kaizen keikaku chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Discussions have been given on the improvement and modification project intended of saving energies and reducing greenhouse gas emission in the Potoshani district heating and heat supplying facilities in Romania. Thirty years have elapsed since the building of the Potoshani district heating and heat supplying facilities, whereas noticeable energy loss has occurred due to aged deterioration, such as thermal efficiency decrease, performance decrease, and hot water leakage due to piping corrosion. The present project is intended to improve the heat production and power generation facility efficiencies, and reduce the heat loss in heat transportation and distribution to less than 5%. The improvements will be implemented by replacing and rehabilitating the existing boilers, replacing the turbine generators, and replacing the transportation and distribution pipelines and heat exchangers. As a result of the discussions, the present project is estimated to result in annual fuel conservation of 35,820 tons of crude oil equivalent, and annual reduction of the greenhouse gas emission of 110,835 t-CO2. The total amount of the initial investment for the project would be 11.369 billion yen, and the payback period would be 12 years. The project will produce profit of 31.358 billion yen in 20 years, thus the project is financially feasible. (NEDO)

  1. Survey of technological advancement of coal exploitation in Asia and Pacific for fiscal 1997. Formulation of production plans for model coal mines in China; 1997 nendo Asia Taiheiyo sekitan kaihatsu kodoka chosa. Chugoku ni okeru model tanko no seisan keikaku no sakutei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In view of the prospective demand for coal in China and of the current state of transportation, a development plan is formulated for Tangkou Mining Area (of model mines) for the purpose of realizing efficient exploitation of coal. The infrastructures for coal transportation are complete in this area, and delivery of coal is easy from this area to the coal demanding regions. Although coal seams are quite deep in the ground, the important ones contain rich reserves. Exploitation is carried out under a vertical shaft scheme, in which pits extend horizontally at the level of 950m below the sea surface. As for production, an annual yield of 3-million ton is predicted thanks to two compositely mechanized coal faces. Coal is won by the monolayer side hole method in the case of seams not thicker than 4.0m, and by the caved stope method in the case not thinner than 4.0m. Employed for the mines are 1077 people. Operation days are 300, efficiency 15t/man/shift. The annual sale in total is expected to be worth 759-million 534.6-thousand yuan. To be required for the construction will be 1.2-billion yuan for mines and 0.2-billion yuan for coal dressing facilities, or 1.4-billion yuan in all, and the figures indicate that the plan is economically promising. 43 figs., 119 tabs.

  2. Research report for fiscal 1998 on the basic research on the promotion of joint implementation and so forth. Project for converting Russian Federation's Amursk coal-fired power plant into natural gas-fired power plant; 1998 nendo Roshia renpo AMURSK sekitandaki hatsudensho tennen gas nenryo tenkan keikaku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A study is made about the application of joint implementation, which is one of the flexibility measures adopted by the Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to a coal-fired power plant of Amursk, Russian Federation, for conversion of its fuel to natural gas. An only 40km-long pipeline will enable the plant to receive natural gas. A 200MW-class combined cycle plant will be added. Only 2 of the 9 existing boilers will be modified for use as backups. Since the price of electricity or heat is quite low, the facilities as they are will not fulfill the cost-performance goal. If the power rate is slightly hiked or the construction cost is reduced by 20%, however, the expected goal will be achieved. Fuel conversion and improved thermal efficiency will result in a 980,000-ton per year reduction in CO2, and a cumulative CO2 reduction of 24,230,000 tons will realize by the end of the plant service life of 25 years. The rate of the cumulative reduction against the invested capital will be 0.115 tons of CO2 per one US dollar. As for the term of works, 1 year and 8 months (January 2000-August 2001) will be necessary for preparation, and 2 years and 7 months (September 2001-March 2004) for the construction, a total of 4 years and 3 months. The reduced discharge of smoke and dust and SOx will greatly improve on the environment. (NEDO)

  3. A comparison of long-term parallel measurements of sunshine duration obtained with a Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder and two automated sunshine sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgartner, D. J.; Pötzi, W.; Freislich, H.; Strutzmann, H.; Veronig, A. M.; Foelsche, U.; Rieder, H. E.

    2017-06-01

    In recent decades, automated sensors for sunshine duration (SD) measurements have been introduced in meteorological networks, thereby replacing traditional instruments, most prominently the Campbell-Stokes (CS) sunshine recorder. Parallel records of automated and traditional SD recording systems are rare. Nevertheless, such records are important to understand the differences/similarities in SD totals obtained with different instruments and how changes in monitoring device type affect the homogeneity of SD records. This study investigates the differences/similarities in parallel SD records obtained with a CS and two automated SD sensors between 2007 and 2016 at the Kanzelhöhe Observatory, Austria. Comparing individual records of daily SD totals, we find differences of both positive and negative sign, with smallest differences between the automated sensors. The larger differences between CS-derived SD totals and those from automated sensors can be attributed (largely) to the higher sensitivity threshold of the CS instrument. Correspondingly, the closest agreement among all sensors is found during summer, the time of year when sensitivity thresholds are least critical. Furthermore, we investigate the performance of various models to create the so-called sensor-type-equivalent (STE) SD records. Our analysis shows that regression models including all available data on daily (or monthly) time scale perform better than simple three- (or four-) point regression models. Despite general good performance, none of the considered regression models (of linear or quadratic form) emerges as the "optimal" model. Although STEs prove useful for relating SD records of individual sensors on daily/monthly time scales, this does not ensure that STE (or joint) records can be used for trend analysis.

  4. Distributed modeling of surface solar radiation based on aerosol optical depth and sunshine duration in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Xiaofan; Zhao, Na; Ma, Yue

    2018-02-01

    Surface solar radiation, as a major component of energy balance, is an important driving condition for nutrient and energy cycle in the Earth system. The spatial distribution of total solar radiation at 10 km×10 km resolution in China was simulated with Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) data from remote sensing and observing sunshine hours data from ground meteorological stations based on Geographic Information System (GIS). The results showed that the solar radiation was significantly different in the country, and affected by both sunshine hours and AOD. Sunshine hours are higher in the Northwest than that in the Northeast, but solar radiation is lower because of the higher AOD, especially in autumn and winter. It was suggested that the calculation accuracy of solar radiation was limited if just based on sunshine hours, and AOD can be considered as the influencing factor which would help to improve the simulation accuracy of the total solar radiation and realize the solar radiation distributed simulation.

  5. Deciphering the Sunshine Act: Transparency Regulation and Financial Conflicts in Health Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saver, Richard S

    2017-11-01

    The Physician Payments Sunshine Act ("Sunshine Act"), enacted to address financial conflicts in health care, is the first comprehensive federal legislation mandating public reporting of payments between drug companies, device manufacturers, and medicine. This article analyzes the Sunshine Act's uneven record, exploring how the law serves as an intriguing example of the uncertain case for transparency regulation in health care. The Sunshine Act's bumpy rollout demonstrates that commanding transparency through legislation can be arduous because of considerable implementation challenges. Capturing all the relevant information about financial relationships and reporting it with sufficient contextual and comparative data has proven disappointingly difficult. In addition, the law suffers from uncertainty and poor design as to the intended audience. Indeed, there is strong reason to believe that it will not significantly impact decision-making of primary recipients like patients. Yet the Sunshine Act nonetheless retains important and perhaps underappreciated value. From the almost four years of information generated, we have learned that industry-medicine financial ties vary significantly by physician specialty, and somewhat by physician gender. In many medical fields the distribution of top dollar payments tends to be heavily skewed to a few recipients, all of which have important implications for optimal management of financial conflicts and for health policy more generally. Accordingly, the Sunshine Act's greatest potential is not guiding decisions of individual patients or physicians, but its downstream effects. This Article traces how secondary audiences, such as regulators, watchdogs, and counsel are already starting to make productive use of Sunshine Act information. Public reporting has, for example, made more feasible linking industry payment information with Medicare reimbursement data. As a result, policymakers can more closely examine correlations between

  6. Tuberculosis incidence correlates with sunshine: an ecological 28-year time series study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavin C K W Koh

    Full Text Available Birmingham is the largest UK city after London, and central Birmingham has an annual tuberculosis incidence of 80 per 100,000. We examined seasonality and sunlight as drivers of tuberculosis incidence. Hours of sunshine are seasonal, sunshine exposure is necessary for the production of vitamin D by the body and vitamin D plays a role in the host response to tuberculosis.We performed an ecological study that examined tuberculosis incidence in Birmingham from Dec 1981 to Nov 2009, using publicly-available data from statutory tuberculosis notifications, and related this to the seasons and hours of sunshine (UK Meteorological Office data using unmeasured component models.There were 9,739 tuberculosis cases over the study period. There was strong evidence for seasonality, with notifications being 24.1% higher in summer than winter (p<0.001. Winter dips in sunshine correlated with peaks in tuberculosis incidence six months later (4.7% increase in incidence for each 100 hours decrease in sunshine, p<0.001.A potential mechanism for these associations includes decreased vitamin D levels with consequent impaired host defence arising from reduced sunshine exposure in winter. This is the longest time series of any published study and our use of statutory notifications means this data is essentially complete. We cannot, however, exclude the possibility that another factor closely correlated with the seasons, other than sunshine, is responsible. Furthermore, exposure to sunlight depends not only on total hours of sunshine but also on multiple individual factors. Our results should therefore be considered hypothesis-generating. Confirmation of a potential causal relationship between winter vitamin D deficiency and summer peaks in tuberculosis incidence would require a randomized-controlled trial of the effect of vitamin D supplementation on future tuberculosis incidence.

  7. Evaluation of Sunshine Duration around a Building in an Urban Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, J. E.; Kim, J.

    2017-12-01

    In this study, sunshine duration around a building in a building-congested district in Busan, Korea was analyzed using a numerical model. This model considers sunshine duration blocking caused by topography and buildings and it is properly applicable to evaluation of sunshine duration environment in urban areas. The 2 km Í 2 km area where the building with 45-m height was located at the center was selected as a target area. We selected the target period from December 21 to December 23, 2015, considering the winter solstice (December 22, 2015) when it is expected to have the largest effect of sunshine blocking due to buildings. We validated the calculated solar altitude and azimuth angles against those provided by Korea astronomy and space science institute (KASI) and the calculated results gave very good agreement with those provided by KASI. Topography and buildings used as the input data of the model were constructed using a geographic information system (GIS) data. In order to analyze, in detail, the change in sunshine duration caused by the construction of the building, the sunshine duration on the roof and walls (eastern, western, southern, northern side) were investigated before and after the construction.

  8. Sunshine duration reconstruction in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau based on tree-ring width and its relationship to volcanic eruptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Changfeng; Liu, Yu; Song, Huiming; Cai, Qiufang; Li, Qiang; Wang, Lu; Mei, Ruochen; Fang, Congxi

    2018-07-01

    Sunshine is as essential as temperature and precipitation for tree growth, but sunshine duration reconstructions based on tree rings have not yet been conducted in China. In this study, we presented a 497-year sunshine duration reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau using a width chronology of Abies forrestii from the central Hengduan Mountains. The reconstruction accounted for 53.5% of the variance in the observed sunshine during the period of 1961-2013 based on a stable and reliable linear regression. This reconstructed sunshine duration contained six sunny periods (1630-1656, 1665-1697, 1731-1781, 1793-1836, 1862-1895 and 1910-1992) and seven cloudy periods (1522-1629, 1657-1664, 1698-1730, 1782-1792, 1837-1861, 1896-1909 and 1993-2008) at a low-frequency scale. There was an increasing trend from the 16th century to the late 18th and early 19th centuries and a decreasing trend from the mid-19th to the early 21st centuries. Sunshine displayed inverse patterns to the local Palmer drought severity index on a multidecadal scale, indicating that this region likely experienced droughts under more sunshine conditions. The decrease in sunshine particularly in recent decades was mainly due to increasing atmospheric anthropogenic aerosols. In terms of the interannual variations in sunshine, weak sunshine years matched well with years of major volcanic eruptions. The significant cycles of the 2- to 7-year, 20.0-year and 35.2-year durations as well as the 60.2-year and 78.7-year durations related to the El-Niño Southern Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation suggested that the variation in sunshine duration in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau was possibly affected by large-scale ocean-atmosphere circulations. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Is a little sunshine all we need? On the impact of sunshine regulation on profits, productivity and prices in the Dutch drinking water sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Witte, K.; Saal, D.S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the performance of Dutch drinking water utilities before and after the introduction of sunshine regulation, which involves publication of the performance of utilities but no formal price regulation. By decomposing profit change into its economic drivers, our results suggest that,

  10. Sunshine duration variability and trends in Italy from homogenized instrumental time series (1936-2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manara, Veronica; Beltrano, Maria Carmen; Brunetti, Michele; Maugeri, Maurizio; Sanchez-Lorenzo, Arturo; Simolo, Claudia; Sorrenti, Simona

    2015-05-01

    A data set of quality checked daily sunshine duration measurements was collected from 104 Italian sites over the 1936 to 2013 period. Monthly mean values were homogenized, projected onto a grid, and subjected to principle component analysis, which identified two significantly different regions: North and South. Sunshine duration temporal evolution is presented, and possible reasons for differences between the two regions are discussed in the light of a comparison with the trends found in observations of total cloud cover and with results from two neighboring regions: the Alps and Spain. In addition, trends for irradiance records, estimated from sunshine duration records using the Ångström-Prescott formula, are presented too. The major feature of the trends, an increase in sunshine duration from the mid-1980s, was common to both northern and southern Italy; the decrease in the preceding 30 year period was not, as northern Italy had a lower rate of decrease than southern Italy. The few records available during the earliest period of the data set indicate that sunshine duration in Italy increased from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s. The further steps needed to identify and quantify the mechanisms giving rise to the observed trends and to the reported regional differences in dimming and brightening are outlined.

  11. A new database of sunshine duration for Italy from instrumental time series (1936-2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manara, Veronica; Beltrano, Maria Carmen; Brunetti, Michele; Maugeri, Maurizio; Sanchez-Lorenzo, Arturo; Simolo, Claudia; Sorrenti, Simona

    2015-04-01

    A dataset of Italian sunshine duration records has been set up collecting data from different sources. The records have been quality checked and the dataset has been homogenized and completed by means of the neighboring records. Finally, the records have been gridded and subjected to Principal Component Analysis that allowed identifying two regions: northern and southern Italy. The records of these areas were averaged in order to get regional records for the 1936-2013 period. The records show an increasing tendency starting in the 1980s (i.e. brightening) and a decreasing tendency (i.e., dimming) in the previous period, which is, however, less evident than the more recent brightening, especially in northern Italy. In the early period, from mid of the 1930s to the 1950s there is some evidence of an increasing tendency although this early brightening signal concerns a period in which data availability is very low, causing a greater uncertainty in regional records. The overall picture of Italian sunshine duration trends turns out in reasonable agreement with the early brightening - dimming - brightening phases observed in many areas of the world, specifically the southern part of the Greater Alpine Region and eastern Spain. This good agreement is interesting as it shows that sunshine duration exhibits a rather coherent signal over large regions, but also it allows us to increase the confidence in the quality of the regional sunshine records both for Italy and the neighboring regions. Finally, we compared also the Italian sunshine duration records with the corresponding total cloud cover records available for Italy. The comparison shows a negative correlation only during some periods. So, in order to better understand this behavior the effect of cloud cover on sunshine duration was separated. This separation suggests that during the global dimming period there is an important fraction of sunshine duration evolution that cannot be explained by total cloud cover. It

  12. Long-term summer sunshine/moisture stress reconstruction from tree-ring widths from Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Poljanšek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the first summer sunshine reconstruction from tree-ring data for the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. Summer sunshine is tightly connected with moisture stress in trees, because the moisture stress and therefore the width of annual tree-rings is under the influence of the direct and interactive effects of sunshine duration (temperature, precipitation, cloud cover and evapotranspiration. The reconstruction is based on a calibrated z-scored mean chronology, calculated from tree-ring width measurements from 7 representative black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. A combined regression and scaling approach was used for the reconstruction of the summer sunshine. We found a significant negative correlation (r = −0.54, p < 0.0001 with mean June–July sunshine hours from Osijek meteorological station (Croatia. The developed model was used for reconstruction of summer sunshine for the time period 1660–2010. We identified extreme summer events and compared them to available documentary historical sources of drought, volcanic eruptions and other reconstructions from the broader region. All extreme summers with low sunshine hours (1712, 1810, 1815, 1843, 1899 and 1966 are connected with volcanic eruptions.

  13. Pequena Miss Sunshine: para além de uma subjetividade exterior Little Miss Sunshine: beyond external subjectivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Maria Bueno Fischer

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute as relações entre cultura do sucesso e sexualidade, com foco na infância - tema caro às diferentes mídias, como a televisão e o cinema. Faz-se uma análise do filme Pequena Miss Sunshine, a partir de autores como Foucault, Alain Badiou, Ismail Xavier e Jurandir Costa, com ênfase nos conceitos de modos de subjetivação, imagem fílmica e subjetividade exterior. O objetivo é pensar questões de gênero e sexualidade na cultura do espetáculo, a partir de uma narrativa cinematográfica em que tais valores são questionados. A ênfase é dada à análise do olhar e do corpo infantil, na figura da personagem Olive, de modo a pensar a gestualidade própria da criança, em seu silêncio, enigma e mistério, mais do que mera revelação de sentidos. O texto aponta que tal exercício pode sugerir outros modos de pensar as relações entre mídia, infância e questões de gênero e sexualidade.This article explores the relations between the culture of success and sexuality, with a focus on childhood as an important issue for the different kinds of media, such as television and the cinema. An analysis of the movie Little Miss Sunshine is developed, with the use of theoretical references from Foucault, Alain Badiou, Jurandir Costa and Ismail Xavier, about the concepts of audiovisual images, ways of subjectivation and external subjectivity. The aim of the study is to reflect on gender and sexuality issues in a spectacle culture, from a movie narrative in which such values are questioned. There is an analysis of children's bodies and their way of seeing the world, as expressed by the character Olive, with gestures, silence and mystery, rather than a revelation of senses. Such practices may suggest other ways of considering the relations between media, childhood and gender and sexuality issues.

  14. Prospective evaluation of the Sunshine Appendicitis Grading System score.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Fiona; Choi, Julian; Williams, Marli; Chan, Steven

    2017-05-01

    Although there is a wealth of information predicting risk of post-operative intra-abdominal collection and guiding antibiotic therapy following appendicectomy, confusion remains because of lack of consensus on the clinical severity and definition of 'complicated' appendicitis. This study aimed to develop a standardized intra-operative grading system: Sunshine Appendicitis Grading System (SAGS) for acute appendicitis that correlates independently with the risk of intra-abdominal collections. Two-hundred and forty-six patients undergoing emergency laparoscopy for suspected appendicitis were prospectively scored according to the severity of appendicitis and followed up for complications including intra-abdominal collection. After termination of the study, the SAGS score was repeated by an independent surgeon based on operation notes and intra-operative photography to determine inter-rater agreement. The primary outcome measure was incidence of intra-abdominal collection, secondary outcome measures were all complications and length of stay. SAGS score demonstrated good inter-rater agreement (kappa K w 0.869; 95% CI 0.796-0.941; P appendicitis and to independently predict the risk of intra-abdominal collection. It can therefore be used to stratify risk, guide antibiotic therapy, follow-up and standardize the definitions of appendicitis severity for future research. © 2015 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  15. The safety of Aquaflor® medicated feed to sunshine bass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aquaflor(C) (florfenicol) is a relatively new antibiotic used in U.S. aquaculture and has reached wide acceptance as a safe and effective therapeutant for its approved indications. A study was designed to determine its histological safety to sunshine bass when fed at the therapeutic rate of 15 mg f...

  16. 77 FR 56238 - Audit Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors; Sunshine Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Audit Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors; Sunshine... Secretary, (202) 220-2376; [email protected] . AGENDA: I. Call to Order II. Executive Session with Internal Audit... to the Audit Committee Charter VI. Internal Audit Response with Management's Response VII. FY 2013...

  17. 78 FR 54925 - Audit Committee Meeting of The Board of Directors; Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Audit Committee Meeting of The Board of Directors; Sunshine.... Executive Session With Internal Audit Director III. Title Change of the Internal Audit Director IV. Executive Session With Officers: Pending Litigation V. FY14 Risk Assessment & Internal Audit Plan VI...

  18. 76 FR 55710 - Sunshine Act Meeting of LSC Board of Directors Finance Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-08

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting of LSC Board of Directors Finance Committee TIME...'') Finance Committee will meet telephonically on September 13, 2011 at 11 a.m., Eastern Time. LOCATION: Legal..., please ``mute'' your telephone immediately. MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED: Finance Committee Agenda Open...

  19. 75 FR 56580 - Sunshine Act Meeting of LSC Board of Directors and Its Finance Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-16

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting of LSC Board of Directors and Its Finance... (``Board'') and its Finance Committee will meet consecutively on September 21, 2010, with the Finance... Center, 3333 K Street, NW., Washington, DC. STATUS OF MEETING: Finance Committee--Open. Board of...

  20. 78 FR 8193 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Finance, Budget & Program Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Finance, Budget & Program Committee...: Erica Hall, Assistant Corporate Secretary, (202) 220-2376; [email protected] . AGENDA: I. Call To Order II.../Treasury Initiative VI. Lease and Move VII. FY 13 Corporate Milestone Report and Dashboard VIII. NFMC and...

  1. 78 FR 65716 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Finance, Budget & Program Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Finance, Budget & Program Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors TIME & DATE: 2:00 p.m., Thursday, November 7, 2013. PLACE: Telephonic.... Quarterly Program Reports C. Corporate Scorecard Report D. HUD Counseling Rule E. Grants Report VIII...

  2. 76 FR 34761 - Sunshine Act Meeting of the Finance Committee of the Board of Directors; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting of the Finance Committee of the Board of Directors; Notice DATE AND TIME: The Finance Committee of the Legal Services Corporation will meet telephonically on... be fulfilled. Dated: June 9, 2011. Victor M. Fortuno, Vice President, General Counsel & Corporate...

  3. 78 FR 68100 - Sunshine Act Meeting, Corporate Administration Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting, Corporate Administration Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors TIME... Performance Management C. Health Care Provider/Open Enrollment D. EEO Report E. Retirement Plan Audit V...

  4. 75 FR 30900 - Sunshine Act Meetings; Unified Carrier Registration Plan Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-02

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Sunshine Act Meetings; Unified Carrier Registration Plan Board of Directors AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration... at the Hotel Park City, 2001 Park Avenue, Park City, UT 84060. Any interested person may call Mr...

  5. 75 FR 44018 - Sunshine Act Meetings of the Board of Directors; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meetings of the Board of Directors; Notice Date and Time: The Legal Services Corporation Board of Directors will meet on July 30-31, 2010. On Friday July 30... Regency Hotel, 333 West Kilbourn Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Public Observation: Unless otherwise...

  6. 75 FR 19426 - Sunshine Act Meetings of the Board of Directors; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-14

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meetings of the Board of Directors; Notice Date and Time: The Legal Services Corporation Board of Directors will meet on April 16-17, 2010. On Friday April 16... Sheraton Hotel, 5151 E. Grant Road, Tucson, Arizona 85712. Public Observation: Unless otherwise noticed...

  7. Reconstruction of Effective Cloud Field Geometry from Series of Sunshine Number

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Badescu, V.; Paulescu, M.; Brabec, Marek

    176-177, 1 July - 1 August (2016), s. 254-266 ISSN 0169-8095 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : cloud field geometry * sunshine number * point cloud iness Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research Impact factor: 3.778, year: 2016

  8. Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds Sunshine Pyranometer (SPN1) Field Campaign Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, R. Michael [Remote Measurements & Research Company, Seattle, WA (United States); Long, Charles N. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States). Earth System Research Lab.

    2016-01-10

    From the SPN1 manual, the SPN1 Sunshine Pyranometer is one sensor with three output channels: 1) total (global) solar radiation, 2) diffuse radiation, and 3) sunshine status. The SPN1 measures short-wave radiation between 400nm and 2700nm in W.m-2. The Direct beam component of solar radiation can be calculated from the Total minus the Diffuse component. The Sunshine status output indicates whether the energy in the direct beam exceeds the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) standard threshold value of 120 W.m-2, using an algorithm based on the Total radiation, and the ratio of Total to Diffuse radiation. The radiation outputs have a cosine-corrected response. The advantages of the SPN1 are 1) It matches the WMO ‘Good Quality’ pyranometer classification. 2) It requires no shadow band or solar tracker. 3) There are no moving parts. 4) It does not need to be adjusted or repositioned to track the sun—a distinct advantage over shade rings or mechanical trackers. 5) It does not need to be oriented towards north. It will work accurately in any orientation as long as it is mounted horizontally. 6) It does not require knowledge of the latitude or longitude, and can be used at any latitude or longitude. 7) It measures sunshine hours as well as Total and Diffuse radiation. 8) The built-in heater allows use in wet or icy conditions.

  9. 76 FR 27053 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, May 12, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ...; TTY (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including large... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, May 12, 2011 Date: May 5, 2011. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the subjects...

  10. 77 FR 30290 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, May 24, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, May 24, 2012 Date: May 17, 2012. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the...

  11. 77 FR 16033 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, March 21, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... available in paper format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, March 21, 2012 March 14, 2012. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the...

  12. 75 FR 6395 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, February 11, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... (202) 488-5563; TTY (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, February 11, 2010 Date: February 11, 2010. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting...

  13. 76 FR 73632 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, November 30, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, November 30, 2011 Date: November 23, 2011. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting...

  14. 78 FR 43882 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Friday, July 19, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... COMMUNICATIONS & Communications and Video MEDIA. Accessibility Act (CVAA). SUMMARY: In recognition of the 23rd... format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and video tape. Best... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Friday, July 19...

  15. 75 FR 2862 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, January 20, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... available in paper format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, January 20, 2010 Date: January 13, 2010. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting...

  16. 76 FR 4110 - Sunshine Act Meeting; FCC To Hold Open Commission Meeting Tuesday, January 25, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; FCC To Hold Open Commission Meeting Tuesday, January 25, 2011 January 18, 2011. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open...

  17. 77 FR 26007 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Friday, April 27, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ...-5563; TTY (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Friday, April 27, 2012 Date: April 20, 2012. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the...

  18. 78 FR 76144 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, December 12, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-16

    ... alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and video tape. Best Copy and Printing... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, December 12, 2013 Date: December 6, 2013. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting...

  19. 75 FR 62818 - Sunshine Act Meeting; FCC To Hold Open Commission Meeting Thursday, October 14, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ...-5563; TTY (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; FCC To Hold Open Commission Meeting Thursday, October 14, 2010 October 7, 2010. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting...

  20. 77 FR 73462 - Sunshine Act Meeting FCC To Hold Open Commission Meeting Wednesday, December 12, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and video tape. Best Copy and Printing... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting FCC To Hold Open Commission Meeting Wednesday, December 12, 2012 December 5, 2012. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open...

  1. 77 FR 34383 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, June 13, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, June 13, 2012 Date: June 6, 2012. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the...

  2. 76 FR 58275 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, September 22, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, September 22, 2011 September 15, 2011. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on...

  3. 76 FR 32974 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, June 9, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, June 9, 2011 DATES: June 2, 2011. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the...

  4. 75 FR 40833 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, July 15, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... (202) 488-5562. These copies are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, July 15, 2010 Date: July 8, 2010. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the...

  5. 77 FR 41786 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, July 19, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Thursday, July 19, 2012 July 12, 2012. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on Thursday, July...

  6. 75 FR 11887 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Tuesday, March 16, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... available in paper format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Tuesday, March 16, 2010 Date: March 9, 2010. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the...

  7. 78 FR 49514 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Friday, August 9, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... are available in paper format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Friday, August 9, 2013 August 2, 2013. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the subjects...

  8. 77 FR 64514 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, October 17, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    ... format and alternative media, including large print/ type; digital disk; and audio and video tape. Best... FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting; Open Commission Meeting; Wednesday, October 17, 2012 October 10, 2012. The Federal Communications Commission will hold an Open Meeting on the...

  9. 78 FR 68100 - Sunshine Act Meeting of the National Museums and Library Services Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES Institute of Museum and Library Services Sunshine Act Meeting of the National Museums and Library Services Board AGENCY: Institute of Museum and... Programs and Museum Grants for African American History and Culture (Open to the Public) Executive Session...

  10. 76 FR 8381 - National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Impromptu Notice of Time & Location Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    ... National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Impromptu Notice of Time & Location Change The National.... STATUS: No change. ORIGINAL LOCATION: Room 1295 or 1235, National Science Foundation, 4201Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22230. NEW LOCATION: Room 1295. Public overflow room for the open session will be located in...

  11. 78 FR 13904 - Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors Meeting; Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ... MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION [MCC FR 13-01] Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors Meeting; Sunshine Act Meetings AGENCY: Millennium Challenge Corporation. TIME AND DATE: 10:00 a.m... CONSIDERED: The Board of Directors (the ``Board'') of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (``MCC'') will...

  12. 77 FR 14835 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors; March 22, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION [MCC FR 12-03] Sunshine Act Meeting; Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors; March 22, 2012 AGENCY: Millennium Challenge Corporation. TIME AND DATE: 3 p.m... CONSIDERED: The Board of Directors (the ``Board'') of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (``MCC'') will...

  13. 75 FR 32816 - Sunshine Act Meeting of the Board of Directors Finance Committee Amended Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting of the Board of Directors Finance Committee Amended Notice Changes to the Meeting Date and Time: The Legal Services Corporation (LSC) is announcing an... . Dated: June 4, 2010. Patricia D. Batie, Corporate Secretary. [FR Doc. 2010-13899 Filed 6-7-10; 11:15 am...

  14. 77 FR 6595 - Notice of Sunshine Act Meeting; Audit Committee of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Notice of Sunshine Act Meeting; Audit Committee of the Board... Presentation III. Executive Session with External Auditors IV. Executive Session with Internal Audit Director V. Executive Session Related to Pending Litigation VI. Internal Audit Report with Management's Response VII...

  15. 77 FR 24538 - Sunshine Act; Audit Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Sunshine Act; Audit Committee Meeting of the Board of.... Executive Session with Internal Audit Director IV. Executive Session with Officers: Pending Litigation V. Internal Audit Report with Management's Response VI. Amendment to the FY 2012 Internal Audit Plan VII. FY...

  16. 78 FR 8193 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Audit Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Audit Committee Meeting of the Board...' Presentation III. Executive Session with External Auditors IV. Executive Session: Audit Committee V. Executive Session with Internal Audit Director VI. Executive Session with Officers VII. Acceptance of the FY2012...

  17. 76 FR 72220 - Board of Directors Audit Committee Meeting; Sunshine Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Board of Directors Audit Committee Meeting; Sunshine Act... Secretary, (202) 220-2376; [email protected] . AGENDA: I. Call To Order II. Executive Session with Internal Audit Director III. Executive Session Related to Pending Litigation IV. Internal Audit Report with Management's...

  18. 78 FR 24438 - Board of Directors Audit Committee; Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-25

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Board of Directors Audit Committee; Sunshine Act Meeting... Secretary (202) 220-2376; [email protected] . AGENDA: I. CALL TO ORDER II. Executive Session with Internal Audit... Policy VI. External 3rd Party Audit Communication VII. FY 2014 Risk Assessment & Draft Internal Audit...

  19. 78 FR 70964 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Audit Committee of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Audit Committee of the Board of... with the Chief Audit Executive III. Executive Session: Chief Audit Executive Performance Review IV... Audit Reports with Management's Response VI. Internal Audit Status Reports VII. MHA/NFMC/EHLP Compliance...

  20. The use of computer graphics in the visual analysis of the proposed Sunshine Ski Area expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark Angelo

    1979-01-01

    This paper describes the use of computer graphics in designing part of the Sunshine Ski Area in Banff National Park. The program used was capable of generating perspective landscape drawings from a number of different viewpoints. This allowed managers to predict, and subsequently reduce, the adverse visual impacts of ski-run development. Computer graphics have proven,...

  1. Why does Rhinopithecus bieti prefer the highest elevation range in winter? A test of the sunshine hypothesis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui-Chang Quan

    Full Text Available Environmental factors that affect spatiotemporal distribution patterns of animals usually include resource availability, temperature, and the risk of predation. However, they do not explain the counterintuitive preference of high elevation range in winter by the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti. We asked whether variation of sunshine along with elevations is the key driving force. To test this hypothesis, we conducted field surveys to demonstrate that there was a statistically significant pattern of high elevation use during winter. We then asked whether this pattern can be explained by certain environmental factors, namely temperature, sunshine duration and solar radiation. Finally, we concluded with a possible ecological mechanism for this pattern. In this study, we employed GIS technology to quantify solar radiation and sunshine duration across the monkey's range. Our results showed that: 1 R. bieti used the high altitude range between 4100-4400 m in winter although the yearly home range spanned from 3500-4500 m; 2 both solar radiation and sunshine duration increased with elevation while temperature decreased with elevation; 3 within the winter range, the use of range was significantly correlated with solar radiation and sunshine duration; 4 monkeys moved to the areas with high solar radiation and duration following a snowfall, where the snow melts faster and food is exposed earlier. We concluded that sunshine was the main factor that influences selection of high elevation habitat for R. bieti in winter. Since some other endotherms in the area exhibit similar winter distributional patterns, we developed a sunshine hypothesis to explain this phenomenon. In addition, our work also represented a new method of integrating GIS models into traditional field ecology research to study spatiotemporal distribution pattern of wildlife. We suggest that further theoretical and empirical studies are necessary for better understanding

  2. The SunCloud project: worldwide compilation of long-term series of sunshine duration and cloudiness observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Lorenzo, Arturo; Pallé, Enric; Wild, Martin; Calbó, Josep; Brunetti, Michelle; Stanhill, Gerald; Brázdil, Rudolf; Barriendos, Mariano; Pereira, Paulo; Azorin-Molina, César

    2010-05-01

    One problem encountered when establishing the causes of global dimming and brightening is the limited number of long-term solar radiation series with accurate and calibrated measurements. For this reason, the analysis is often supported and extended with the use of other climatic variables such as diurnal temperature range, cloud cover, evaporation, visibility, or sunshine duration records. Moreover, it is of vital importance to study the reliability of the 'early brightening' identified by different studies during the first half of the 20th century, which cannot be detected by using the current downward solar radiation dataset. Therefore proxy variables are required again. Specifically, sunshine duration is defined as the amount of time usually expressed in hours that direct solar radiation exceeds a certain threshold (usually taken at 120 W m-2). Consequently, this variable can be considered as an excellent proxy measure of global and direct solar radiation at interannual and decadal time scales, with the advantage that measurements of this variable were initiated in the late 19th century in different main meteorological stations. Nevertheless, detailed and up-to-date analysis of sunshine duration behavior on global or hemispheric scales are still missing. Thus, in the framework of different research projects we will engage a worldwide compilation of the longest daily or monthly sunshine duration series from the late 19th century until present, using data freely available on the Internet or by means of direct contacts with meteorological institutions/individual researchers with access to long-term sunshine databases. We also plan to digitize long-term sunshine duration series when these become available only in analog format. Several quality control checks and homogenization methods will be applied to the generated sunshine dataset. The relationship between the more precise downward solar radiation series from the Global Energy Balance Archive (GEBA) and the

  3. Transparency in Economic and Political Decision-Making: The Identification of Sunshine Rules for Transparent Lobbying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laboutková Šárka

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Lobbying transparency seems to have been a challenging topic for nearly a decade. For the purposes of the article, the authors focus on a contextual analysis of rules and measures that offers both a broad as well as comprehensive view of the required transparency of lobbying activities and the environment in which decisions are made. In this regard, focusing on the sunshine principles/sunshine rules (not purely limited to laws provides a grasp of the whole issue in a broader context. From a methodological point of view, the exploratory approach was chosen and the coding procedure is mostly dichotomous. As a result, seven key areas with 70 indicators have been identified in terms of transparency of lobbying and decision-making.

  4. The Occurrence of Bioactive Micromonosporae in Aquatic Habitats of the Sunshine Coast in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ipek Kurtböke

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Screening strategies based on the ecological knowledge of antibiotic producing microorganisms and their roles in the natural environment are being increasingly employed in the search for novel antibiotic agents. Micromonosporae are common inhabitants of aquatic habitats and have proved to be a continuing source of novel bioactive compounds including antibacterial and antitumor agents. The ecological distribution and frequency of bioactive micromonosporae in Sunshine Coast region aquatic habitats were studied through a range of selective isolation procedures designed to negatively select against the isolation of unwanted microbial taxa commonly associated with marine environments. It was revealed that bioactive compound producing species of micromonosporae were present in the aquatic habitats of the Sunshine Coast region in Australia.

  5. Fiscal 1999 research report. Basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs (Comprehensive feasibility study on efficiency improvement of heat generation facility and heat network for district heating at middle and small cities in Moscow region, the Russian Federation - 2 model cities within the region); 1999 nendo Russia renpo Moscow shunai chusho toshi ni okeru chiiki danboyo netsu kyokyu shisetsu yusomo no koritsu kaizen keikaku sogo chosa hokokusho. Shunai 2 toshi wo model to suru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The above-named effort aims to work out modification plans and to predict their energy saving, energy substituting, and greenhouse gas reduction effects, and thereby to scout out a project which will effectively utilize flexibility-ensuring 'joint implementation' for the attainment of greenhouse gas reduction levels defined at COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). The results of assessment of this project based on the outcome of the survey show that (1) there is necessity for the project and that the presence of needs to be urgently satisfied is clear, that (2) energy saving, energy substituting, and greenhouse gas reduction effects are proved to exist and that the project is therefore an appropriate candidate for an activity to be implemented jointly, that (3) Russian agencies concerned are strongly interested in the project and that a sufficiently cooperative system will be available toward implementation, and that (4) there is an extremely large room for energy saving in the district heating oriented heat supply business in Russia and that probabilities are quite high that natural gas-fired turbine cogeneration plants capable of improving overall energy efficiency will enjoy extensive diffusion. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1992 Report on results of the survey/research project commissioned by Sunshine Project. Surveys on hydrogen-fired turbines; 1992 nendo suiso nensho turbine no chosa seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    Summarized herein are results of comprehensive surveys on hydrogen energy supply/utilization systems, centered by hydrogen-fired turbines for power generation. The surveyed items include hydrogen energy supply/utilization systems on an international scale, current state of power generation techniques and utilization of hydrogen, hydrogen-fired turbines for power generation, materials techniques for hydrogen-fired turbines, studies on and evaluation of economic viability of each system, expected effects, and problems involved in development. The surveys on the hydrogen production techniques pick up electrolysis with a solid polymer electrolyte as a promising candidate, and extract the scaling-up techniques, improvement of membrane durability, etc. as the research themes. The surveys on the hydrogen storage/transportation techniques indicate that hydrogen can be carried by a chemical medium for transportation/storage at normal temperature and pressure, for which the problems associated with medium loss and safety must be studied, and that the research themes for hydrogen-occluding alloys should include increasing quantities of hydrogen occluded for bulk transportation/storage at low energy, and decreasing cost. The surveys on hydrogen-fired turbines extract a number of problems to be solved, e.g., controlling hydrogen combustion, turbine designs, materials withstanding superhigh temperature for high-temperature combustion of hydrogen, and optimization of the power generation systems. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply system; 1976 nendo taiyonetsu reidanbo kyuto system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    This report describes the fiscal 1974-76 research result on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply systems. Research was made on survey and analysis of current R and D states, system analysis, energy impact analysis, installation sites of solar collectors, diffusion policy, profitability, and performance evaluation method. Main research results obtained are as follows. The effect of solar cooling/heating and hot water supply on the Japanese energy demand in 2000 is estimated to be 13% for residences and 5% for the other buildings. Environment pollution derived from solar cooling/heating is extremely less than that from conventional energy quantitatively. The facility cost is estimated to be probably 27,000yen/m{sup 2} in collector cost, and nearly 100,000yen/t in heat storage tank cost. As design data for solar cooling/heating systems, the estimation method of heat collection for every solar radiation rank, performance comparison of honeycomb type collectors, and various data for air heat collection systems are presented. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1974 report on the results of the Sunshine Project. R and D of the hydrogen production technology by the thermochemical method; 1974 nendo netsukagakuho ni yoru suiso seizo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-28

    In relation to the R and D of the hydrogen production technology by the thermochemical method, the paper summed up the results of the research conducted in FY 1974. The items for study are as follows. (1) Basic model making for process simulator. (2) Type of facility on the assumption of pilot plant size, and rough selection of equipment structural materials. (3) Extraction of engineering study subjects and working-out of study plans. In (1), the basic model of simulator was established, case studies of various Fe-Cl cycles were made, and a calculation method for the balance of the whole process was established. In (2), it was concluded that in the normal pressure reaction experiment, the oxygen emits extremely little in amount in Mark 9 No. 2 reaction, and therefore, it is very doubtful whether the closed cycle will be completed using this reaction. It was also found out that No. 3 reaction is low in reaction completion degree and it is the problem in point of thermal economy. Accordingly, possibilities of reaction were reviewed, and 6 cycles were found as Fe-Cl cycle. For these reaction cycles, a process flow sheet was made. Comparative studies among processes were conducted, and the cycle structural elementary reaction in Fe-Cl process was specified. (NEDO)

  9. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1977. Surveys and studies on patents and information (Surveys on patent information); 1977 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Tokkyo joho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-03-01

    This paper describes achievements in fiscal 1977 of patent information surveys on hydrogen technologies. Japan is most enthusiastic in developing the thermo-chemical hydrogen manufacturing method. While no noticeable patents were found on the electrolytic method, researches on membranes and electrodes are expected. With regard safety assurance, it is necessary to establish safety assuring technologies suitable for each stage of hydrogen manufacture according the flow of manufacturing, liquefaction, storage, transportation and utilization of hydrogen. Development of mechanisms to prevent hydrogen embrittlement and destruction (leakage) is especially demanded. Enhancement of economic performance and reliability of hydrogen fuel cells requires research and development in the whole fuel cell configuration and also in the fields of auxiliary devices, in addition to that for catalysts and electrodes. Few patents are applied for in solid electrolyte and molten salt fuel cells. The most noticeable problems in hydrogen combustion devices are prevention of reverse ignition, safety measures for colorless flame, and positive utilization of hydrogen combustion characteristics in mixed combustion. Inventions tackling squarely with these problems can hardly be found. It was difficult to discover contributive and effective technologies because the hydrogen combustion characteristics are widely different from those of other fuels. (NEDO)

  10. Achievement report for fiscal 1974 on Sunshine Program. Research and development of hydrogen production technology using high-temperature and high-pressure water electrolysis; 1974 nendo koon koatsusui denkaiho ni yoru suiso seizo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-30

    The goals at present are to clarify conditions for the realization of the water electrolysis process relative to various primary energy sources and to experimentally construct a small practical electrobath to operate at high temperature and high pressure for the attainment of high economic efficiency. Efforts in this fiscal year are mentioned below. Surveys and studies are conducted about hydrogen production by water electrolysis and about achievements in the past and problems at present concerning hydrogen production by water electrolysis in Japan and overseas. The expected role of water electrolysis in various primary energy sources is also studied and evaluated. For a high-temperature high-pressure water electrolysis bath conceptual design (small test plant, bathing temperature 120 degrees C, pressure 20atm, hydrogen production rate 2Nm{sup 3}/h), studies are conducted about a constant-load type high-temperature high-pressure (bipolar) diaphragm-assisted water electrolysis bath and a variable-load type high-temperature high-pressure diaphragm-assisted water electrolysis bath. Surveys and studies are also conducted about the expected role of water electrolysis in various primary energy sources, and the role is evaluated. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1975 Sunshine Project research report. R and D on hydrogen production technology by high-temperature high- pressure water electrolysis; 1975 nendo koon koatsusui denkaiho ni yoru suiso seizo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-05-29

    This report details the research result in fiscal 1975. Part 1 'Outlines' includes the research target, the summary of fiscal 1974 research results, the summary of fiscal 1975 research results, and responsible researchers. Part 2 'Details of the research' includes the fiscal 1975 research results. Chapter 1 reports 'Study on constant-load high- temperature high-pressure (multi-electrode type) diaphragm water electrolysis tank' promoted by Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha. Chapter 2 reports 'Study on Teflon system diaphragm for high-temperature high-pressure water electrolysis tanks' promoted by Yuasa Battery Co. through Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha. Chapter 3 reports 'Study on variable-load high- temperature high-pressure diaphragm water electrolysis tank' promoted by Showa Denko K.K. Chapter 4 reports 'The first detailed design of the electrolysis tank for a small test plant' promoted by Hitachi Zosen Corp. through Showa Denko K.K. Chapter 5 reports 'Research on the applicability of water electrolysis systems to various fields' promoted by Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc. through Showa Denko K.K. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1998 annual report on the leading fundamental research and development of AC superconducting power apparatuses (New Sunshine Project); 1998 nendo koryu chodendo denryoku kiki kiban sendo kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to propose fundamental research and development of AC superconducting power apparatuses, the FY 1998 efforts were directed to studies on the effects of introducing superconducting apparatuses, making proposals of development programs, literature (including patent publications) surveys on trends of research and development at home and abroad, and making proposals for technological breakthroughs. Results of the studies for evaluating economic efficiency of these apparatuses and the effects of their introduction indicate that the promising apparatuses for eventual commercialization include superconducting cables, current limiters, field power generators, transformers and flywheels. The superconducting cables are expected to greatly reduce losses and hence CO2 emissions. The superconducting current limiters are promising means to control short-circuit current increase in the trunk power systems in which they are used. The superconducting transformers are expected to reduce losses and hence CO2 emissions. The project of fundamental research and development of AC superconducting power apparatuses has proposed the fundamental technological research themes aimed at development of the elementary techniques prerequisite for realizing these 3 types of apparatuses and reflection of the required apparatus specifications in development of the cable materials. (NEDO)

  13. Report on 1979 result of Sunshine Project (detailed design). Part 1. Forty t/day solvolysis coal liquefaction pilot plant; 1979 nendo 40T/nichi solvolysis sekitan pilot plant shosai sekkei. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    The subject design documents are the compilation of the result of the design operation for the 'detailed design of 40 t/day class solvolysis coal liquefaction pilot plant'. The design of this pilot plant was conducted using, as the fundamental reference, the basic data provided by Kyushu National Industrial Research Institute and Kyushu University and the results of a contract research on '1 t/day class solvolysis coal liquefaction plant'. The subject detailed design was intended for Phase 1 centering on a single stage liquefaction - coal liquefaction (transformation into pitch) by solvolysis liquefaction reaction. The areas covered consists of the pre-treatment process, material mixing process, reaction process, reaction freezing process, coke separation process, SR recovery process, pitch refining process, utility facilities, and waste water treatment facilities. Incidentally, the processes for which the design operation has been completed this year, particularly the reaction process, coke separation process, SR recovery process, etc., are in the field untrodden technologically in the world; therefore, their design method is supposed to be established from the results of the R and D on coal liquefaction, '1 t/day class solvolysis coal liquefaction plant.' (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1982 on Sunshine Program. Survey and research on preparation of conditions for industrializing new energy technologies; 1982 nendo shin energy gijutsu no kigyoka joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    Examined in this report are problems related to new energy that may arise in the energy supply/demand environment in 1990 when new energy will be introduced. This report consists of Chapter 1 about problems to solve before the introduction of new energy into the fields of industry and transportation, Chapter 2 about the analysis of a model of the supply/demand structure and ripple effects of the introduction of new energy technologies, and Chapter 3 about the analysis of laws and systems for the introduction of new energy technologies. In this research, concrete systems for utilization are presumed, and problems are sought out based on these presumed systems. Several utilization systems for each of the technologies are placed against the demands in the fields of transportation and industry, and problems in presence in this process are sought out, and examined. Viewpoints mentioned below are taken into consideration when seeking out problems. The viewpoints are (1) the establishment of technologies to utilize, (2) problems in the legal system, (3) problems about siting, and (4) problems in accelerating new energy diffusion. Chapters 1 and 2 deal with analyses based on Viewpoint (1), and Chapter 3 deals with analyses into problems sought out based on Viewpoints 2-4. (NEDO)

  15. Reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. Investigation and research on solar energy utilization system (solar thermal power generation system); 1979 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu. Taiyoko hatsuden system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    In connection with the practicability of a solar thermal power generation system, examination was made on the technical economic problems and the operation method as well as on the problems of required performance of the constituent equipment, with the measuring method and performance evaluation method examined that are suitable for various devices. The items for the examination are as follows: (1) Silicon as the raw material for solar cells and its R and D, (2) Amorphous silicon solar cells, (3) R and D on low cost solar cells and array, (4) Basic design for photovoltaic generation system, and (5) Problems and technical subjects for solar cell standard measurement. The research themes and items for the above examination are listed as below: (1) Demand trend for raw material silicon, overseas trend, and development plan for polycrystalline silicon; (2) R and D plan for amorphous Si solar cell and its system, their optimum design, and their cost analysis and economic effect; (3) Technological investigation on cells and examination on array; (4) Basic design, peripheral equipment for system, and development schedule; (5) Report on the first actual state investigation concerning instrumentation of solar cells, i.e., on 'instrumentation and deviation in transformation efficiency', calibration system, problems of instrumentation of new device, problems of reliability test method, situation in various countries, and trend in atmospheric turbidimeter. (NEDO)

  16. Sunshine duration and its variability in the main ridge of the Karkonosze Mountains in relation to with atmospheric circulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Grzegorz; Migała, Krzysztof; Pawliczek, Piotr

    2018-02-01

    Sunshine duration analysis was based on a series of measurements spanning the period from 1901 to 2014 for Śnieżka (1603 m a.s.l.) and from 1961 to 2000 for Szrenica (1362 m a.s.l.). The average annual sunshine duration (SD) on Śnieżka is 1423.0 h, which is among the lowest values in Poland. On average, the main ridge of the Karkonosze range receives 31% of potential sunshine duration in annual terms: from 25% in December to 36% in August and May. The changes in sunshine duration recorded on Śnieżka point to the existence of two cycles: a short one of approx. 2-4 years and a long one of approx. 60 years. The former most probably reflects the rhythm of atmospheric circulation in the North Atlantic (North Atlantic Oscillation), while the latter reflects the impact of ocean circulation associated with the AMO (Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation) mechanism. Annual SD totals for the years 1901-2014 exhibit a slight trend to an increase of approx. 2.5 h/10 years, and the rate of increase during the winter quarter is many times higher than during the other seasons. Average monthly sunshine duration differences between Śnieżka and Szrenica are positive for all months of the year with the average monthly difference being 10 to 11 h. This means that the average radiation conditions on Śnieżka are more favourable than the main ridge of the Karkonosze range, which lies at an altitude 200 to 250 m lower. Average daily sunshine durations recorded on Śnieżka are only shorter than those on Szrenica for macro-types of atmospheric circulation with advection from the south.

  17. Cloud amount and sunshine duration in the People's Republic of China, 1954--1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaiser, D.

    1992-01-01

    A part of the world with extensive records of cloudiness is the People's Republic of China (PRC). These data, along with records of other meteorological observations, have recently been made available through a joint research agreement established between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the PRC Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) for the purpose of studying possible global warming due to an enhanced greenhouse effect. This paper examines the variation of PRC cloudiness, along with that of sunshine duration (a useful measure of cloudiness), over the 35-year period 1954--1988

  18. 77 FR 24538 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice; Finance, Budget & Program; Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice; Finance, Budget & Program...: Erica Hall, Assistant Corporate Secretary, (202) 220-2376; [email protected] . AGENDA: I. Call to Order II.../Dashboard VII. NFMC & EHLP VIII. Program Updates IX. Adjournment Erica Hall, Assistant Corporate Secretary...

  19. 78 FR 53790 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Finance, Budget and Program Committee Meeting of the Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Finance, Budget and Program Committee... PERSON FOR MORE INFORMATION: Erica Hall, Assistant Corporate Secretary (202) 220-2376; [email protected] Education & Counseling VII. Quarterly Program Reports VIII. Financial Report IX. FY13 Corporate Scorecard...

  20. A new approach to estimate the spatial distribution of solar radiation using topographic factor and sunshine duration in South Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Jin-Ki; Das, Amrita; Park, Jong-Hwa

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Our goal is to create a map of solar radiation using sunshine hours and topography. • We found the empirical models based on sunshine hours performs significantly well. • The effect of topography on radiation is more significant in winter than summer. • Topographical impact is totally opposite in north and south facing terrain. • Though the extraterrestrial solar radiation flux is highest in June, at ground observed radiation is higher in May. - Abstract: Solar radiation is one of the important renewable resources, currently scientists are taking their interest in. Accurate solar radiation data is not only required for solar-power management but also is a vital input parameter in different biogeochemical and atmospheric models. But there are inadequate number of stations measuring solar radiation in comparison to stations dedicated for sunshine duration, temperature, humidity etc. Therefore, to overcome this problem, an empirical model is developed to estimate solar radiation from sunshine duration data over South Korea. As more than 50% of the area in Korean peninsula have a complex terrain, a topographical factor is applied to modeled data. Thereafter a map presenting monthly mean variation in incoming solar insolation is constructed using ordinary kriging method. The influence of topographical features like slope and aspect is found to be higher in winter than summer. Solar radiation is highest in May and lowest in December over Korea. Spatial variation of incoming radiation is mainly influenced by topographical and atmospheric features whereas latitudinal gradient is almost insignificant

  1. Is the Sun Shining? A Qualitative Study on the Presence of Sunshine Laws in the College and University Journalism Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shemberger, Melony

    2017-01-01

    This case study focusing on journalism curriculum in Tennessee sheds light on the obstacles that journalism schools face in efforts to include more instruction of sunshine laws into courses. Journalists use these laws to gather information to write their stories, either by attending public meetings or by filing open records requests. This study…

  2. 78 FR 7780 - Sunshine Act Meeting; FCC Announces Further Details for the First Post-Superstorm Sandy Field...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... First Post-Superstorm Sandy Field Hearing, Tuesday, February 5, 2013 AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Sunshine notice. SUMMARY: In the wake of Superstorm Sandy, Federal Communications... focusing on the impact of Superstorm Sandy, and help inform recommendations and actions to strengthen wired...

  3. 76 FR 37376 - Sunshine Act Meeting Federal Register Citation of Previous Announcement: 76 FR 35472, June 17, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-27

    ... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Parole Commission Sunshine Act Meeting Federal Register Citation of Previous Announcement: 76 FR 35472, June 17, 2011 PREVIOUSLY ANNOUNCED TIME AND DATE OF THE MEETING: 10 a.m., Tuesday, June 21, 2011. CHANGES IN THE MEETING: Removal of agenda item 5: Discussion and vote on a final rule on...

  4. 78 FR 64025 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice; Matter Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice; Matter Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting FEDERAL REGISTER CITATION OF PREVIOUS ANNOUNCEMENT: October 21, 2013 (78 FR 62364). TIME AND DATE: 10:00 a.m., Thursday, October 24, 2013. PLACE: Board Room, 7th Floor, Room 7047...

  5. 76 FR 57765 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of the September 28, 2011, Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION [MCC FR 11-08] Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of the September 28, 2011, Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors Meeting AGENCY: Millennium Challenge Corporation. TIME AND DATE: 10 a.m. to 12 p.m., Wednesday, September 28, 2011. PLACE: Department of State...

  6. 75 FR 30440 - Notice of the June 16, 2010 Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors Meeting; Sunshine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION Notice of the June 16, 2010 Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors Meeting; Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Millennium Challenge Corporation. TIME AND DATE: 10 a.m. to 12 p.m., Wednesday...

  7. 76 FR 34273 - Notice of the June 22, 2011 Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors Meeting; Sunshine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION Notice of the June 22, 2011 Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors Meeting; Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Millennium Challenge Corporation. TIME AND DATE: 10 a.m. to 12 p.m., Wednesday...

  8. Japan's New Sunshine Project. 1998 Annual summary of hydrogen energy R and D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    Summarized herein are the reports on R and D efforts on hydrogen energy, as part of the FY 1998 New Sunshine Project. For production of hydrogen, characteristics related to transport number were investigated for steam electrolysis at high temperature, in which a sintered ceramic powder was used as the electrolyte and the cell was equipped with platinum electrodes. For utilization of hydrogen, energy conversion techniques were investigated using hydrogen occluding alloys for testing methods for alloy microstructures and hydrogenation characteristics, and preparation of and performance testing methods for the cathodes charged with the aid of hydrogen gas. For analysis/assessment for development of hydrogen-related techniques, the investigated items included water electrolysis with solid polymer electrolytes, hydrogen transport techniques using metal hydrides, hydrogen storing techniques using metal hydrides, hydrogen engines, and techniques for preventing hydrogen embrittlement. Analysis/assessment for development of hydrogen turbines was also investigated as one of the 12 R and D themes reported herein. (NEDO)

  9. The black cloud over the Sunshine State: health disparities in south Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, Janyce G

    2003-01-01

    Florida, the "Sunshine State", is paradise for international tourists and has been adopted as seasonal or permanent home by many wealthy individuals and celebrities. However, Florida is not paradise for the growing number of residents who suffer from poverty, health problems, and a lack of access to health care and social services. The purpose of this paper is to present data on health care problems and disparities throughout the state of Florida and in select south Florida counties. Flaskerud and Winslow (1998) have provided a framework which can be used to analyze disparities in resource availability, relative risk, and health status indicators and suggests areas in which nursing and other health professionals can ethically intervene through research, practice, and political action.

  10. Predicting diffuse radiation where only data on sunshine duration is available

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Massaquoi, J.G.M.

    1985-12-01

    In most locations there are no data on either global or diffuse radiation. Yet most of the existing correlations for predicting the latter require measured data on the former. This is because these correlations express the diffuse radiation as a function of the clearness index. To overcome this, one approach has been to develop correlations of diffuse radiation as a function of sunshine hours. This paper considers another approach: that of using predicted values of global radiation when measured values are not available. With this approach one could then use correlations of diffuse radiation as a function of clearness index. In this paper we have carried out a comparative assessment of the two approaches and reached the conclusion that the latter is more accurate. (author)

  11. Solar UVR exposures of three groups of outdoor workers on the Sunshine Coast, Queensland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gies, H.P.; Roy, C.R.; Toomey, S.; MacLennan, R.; Watson, M.

    1995-01-01

    The solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposures of three groups of outdoor workers, physical education (PE) teachers, ground staff/gardeners and lifeguards were measured using UVR-sensitive polysulfone (PS) film badges. The exposures all took place on the Sunshine Coast, Queensland over 5 consecutive weekdays in November 1992. For the three groups, the shoulder badges received greater UVR exposures than the chest badges, in agreement with previous studies. The PE teachers received the highest UVR exposures while the lifeguards received the least. One of the 5 days of the study was overcast with some rain showers and UVR doses for this day for all groups was significantly lower than on the other 4 days, however the ratio of exposure to ambient remained relatively constant. All groups had measured UVR exposures in excess of occupational guidelines, indicating that protective measures, including education and behaviour modification, which are becoming much more common in occupational situations in Australia, are both timely and necessary. (author)

  12. The return of the erased: memory and forgetfulness in Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind (2004).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carel, Havi

    2007-08-01

    Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind is a film about remembering and forgetting loss. This essay reads the film as an examination of mourning and melancholia, which are distinct ways of remembering and forgetting both a love object and its loss. Freud distinguished mourning from its pathological counterpart, melancholia, claiming that there is a normal way to grieve, mourning, and its degeneration into an abnormal pattern, melancholia. The author aims to make two points: firstly, that both processes are characterized by ambivalence and identification and therefore have some commonalities; secondly, that there is a difference between the two processes that is less apparent than the ones discussed by Freud. This is the difference between remembering a good and a bad object. Following Klein the author argues that this is a crucial qualitative difference between mourning and melancholia. She concludes that a central issue in grieving is not forgetting but remembering well.

  13. Estimation of Monthly Sunshine Duration in Turkey Using Artificial Neural Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. M. Kandirmaz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces an artificial neural network (ANN approach for estimating monthly mean daily values of global sunshine duration (SD for Turkey. Three different ANN models, namely, GRNN, MLP, and RBF, were used in the estimation processes. A climatic variable (cloud cover and two geographical variables (day length and month were used as input parameters in order to obtain monthly mean SD as output. The datasets of 34 stations which spread across Turkey were split into two parts. First part covering 21 years (1980–2000 was used for training and second part covering last six years (2001–2006 was used for testing. Statistical indicators have shown that, GRNN and MLP models produced better results than the RBF model and can be used safely for the estimation of monthly mean SD.

  14. The SunCloud project: An initiative for a development of a worldwide sunshine duration and cloudiness observations dataset

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Lorenzo, A.

    2010-09-01

    One problem encountered when establishing the causes of global dimming and brightening is the limited number of long-term solar radiation series with accurate and calibrated measurements. For this reason, the analysis is often supported and extended with the use of other climatic variables such as sunshine duration and cloud cover. Specifically, sunshine duration is defined as the amount of time usually expressed in hours that direct solar radiation exceeds a certain threshold (usually taken at 120 W m-2). Consequently, this variable can be considered as an excellent proxy measure of solar radiation at interannual and decadal time scales, with the advantage that measurements of this variable were initiated in the late 19th century in different, worldwide, main meteorological stations. Nevertheless, detailed and up-to-date analysis of sunshine duration behavior on global or hemispheric scales are still missing. Thus, starting on September 2010 in the framework of different research projects, we will engage a worldwide compilation of the longest daily or monthly sunshine duration series from the late 19th century until present. Several quality control checks and homogenization methods will be applied to the generated sunshine dataset. The relationship between the more precise downward solar radiation series from the Global Energy Balance Archive (GEBA) and the homogenized sunshine series will be studied in order to reconstruct global and regional solar irradiance at the Earth's surface since the late 19th century. Since clouds are the main cause of interannual and decadal variability of radiation reaching the Earth's surface, as a complement to the long-term sunshine series we will also compile worldwide surface cloudiness observations. With this presentation we seek to encourage the climate community to contribute with their own local datasets to the SunCloud project. The SunCloud Team: M. Wild, Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

  15. Reincarnation platn of globe. Chikyu saisei keikaku ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuyama, T. (Agency of Natural Resources and Energy, Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-11-30

    The period of 200 years since the Industrial Revolution has taken for the occurence of global warming up problem, and it may require to face the problem comprehensively and for long period of 100 years unit to resolve it. This reincarnation plan of globe aims to reincarnate the changed global environment hereafter by using time of about 100 years, and proposes to make the comprehensive and long term actions to suppress and reduce exhaust gases resulting the greenhouse effect by the cooperation of all nations in the world. In the former 50 years, feasible countermeasures such as deepenung of scientific knowkedges, promotion of worldwide energy saving, introduction of clean energy, development of revolutional environmental technology, expansion of CO {sub 2} absorbing sources, and technological development of energy for the next generation will be executed continuously. In the latter 50 years, the gas exhausting amount resulting the green house effect will be reduced and suppressed from these results. Owing to these measures, the reduction of gas resulting the greenhouse effect which exceeds the expectation, can clean the globe after 100 years because the cleaning results will be incorporated into the natural circulation and the green globe will be reincarnated. 1 fig., 1 tab

  16. Sunshine horse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sidor, Juraj

    1993-01-01

    This is the translation of the video produced for the purpose of promotion and/or education in the field of power generation and the role of nuclear and preparing the audience to acceptance of new technologies

  17. High Penetration Solar PV Deployment Sunshine State Solar Grid Initiative (SUNGRIN)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meeker, Rick [Nhu Energy, Inc., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Steurer, Mischa [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Faruque, MD Omar [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Langston, James [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Schoder, Karl [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Ravindra, Harsha [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Hariri, Ali [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Moaveni, Houtan [New York Power Authority (NYPA), New York (United States); University of Central Florida, Florida Solar Energy Center, Cocoa, FL (Unitied States); Click, Dave [ESA Renewables, LLC, Sanford, FL (United States); University of Central Florida, Florida Solar Energy Center, Cocoa, FL (United States); Reedy, Bob [University of Central Florida, Florida Solar Energy Center, Cocoa, FL (United States)

    2015-05-31

    The report provides results from the Sunshine State Solar Grid Initiative (SUNGRIN) high penetration solar PV deployment project led by Florida State University’s (FSU) Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS). FSU CAPS and industry and university partners have completed a five-year effort aimed at enabling effective integration of high penetration levels of grid-connected solar PV generation. SUNGRIN has made significant contributions in the development of simulation-assisted techniques, tools, insight and understanding associated with solar PV effects on electric power system (EPS) operation and the evaluation of mitigation options for maintaining reliable operation. An important element of the project was the partnership and participation of six major Florida utilities and the Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (FRCC). Utilities provided details and data associated with actual distribution circuits having high-penetration PV to use as case studies. The project also conducted foundational work supporting future investigations of effects at the transmission / bulk power system level. In the final phase of the project, four open-use models with built-in case studies were developed and released, along with synthetic solar PV data sets, and tools and techniques for model reduction and in-depth parametric studies of solar PV impact on distribution circuits. Along with models and data, at least 70 supporting MATLAB functions have been developed and made available, with complete documentation.

  18. The physician payments sunshine act: what the average radiologist and manager need to know.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haramati, Nogah

    2013-06-01

    The Physician Payments Sunshine Act (PPSA) was enacted in 2010 and requires applicable manufacturers of medical devices, drugs, biological material, or medical supplies to report payments or transfers of value that are provided to physicians or teaching hospitals. PPSA has value in creating greater transparency in the financial relationships between industry, physicians, and teaching hospitals, and in potentially reducing problematic conflicts of interest. PPSA requires that this data be published, in searchable form, on a public website. CMS has delayed the reporting under PPSA until after January 1, 2013, and has yet to issue its final rules for PPSA; however, Physician Payments data already exist in a publically searchable database. It is important to realize that names of individuals may appear in the PPSA public database, even if those individuals did not actually receive a transfer of value. As with all broad-stroke legislation, consequences not anticipated or not considered sufficiently important for our government leaders may well present a problem for individuals. It behooves all physicians and healthcare managers to carefully follow the CMS PPSA regulations. In advance of meeting or interacting with any PPSA-applicable manufacturer, obtain a clear and mutual understanding regarding what reportable value, if any, will be prepared for and provided by the applicable manufacturer. In this, as in all situations in which government regulations are at play, "knowledge is strength." Copyright © 2013 American College of Radiology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Industry ties in otolaryngology: initial insights from the physician payment sunshine act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathi, Vinay K; Samuel, Andre M; Mehra, Saral

    2015-06-01

    To characterize nonresearch payments made by industry to otolaryngologists in order to explore how the potential for conflicts of interests varies among otolaryngologists and compares between otolaryngologists and other surgical specialists. Retrospective cross-sectional database analysis. Open Payments program database recently released by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Surgeons nationwide who were identified as receiving nonresearch payment from industry in accordance with the Physician Payment Sunshine Act. The proportion of otolaryngologists receiving payment, the mean payment per otolaryngologist, and the standard deviation thereof were determined using the Open Payments database and compared to other surgical specialties. Otolaryngologists were further compared by specialization, census region, sponsor, and payment amount. Less than half of otolaryngologists (48.1%) were reported as receiving payments over the study period, the second smallest proportion among surgical specialties. Otolaryngologists received the lowest mean payment per compensated individual ($573) compared to other surgical specialties. Although otolaryngology had the smallest variance in payment among surgical specialties (SD, $2806), the distribution was skewed by top earners; the top 10% of earners accounted for 87% ($2,199,254) of all payment to otolaryngologists. Otolaryngologists in the West census region were less likely to receive payments (38.6%, P industry compared to other surgeons, though variation exists within otolaryngology. Further refinement of the Open Payments database is needed to explore differences between otolaryngologists and leverage payment information as a tool for self-regulation. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2015.

  20. Japan`s New Sunshine Project. 20. 1995 annual summary of coal liquefaction and gasification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    The paper described a summary of the 1995 study on coal liquefaction and gasification under the New Sunshine Project. As for coal liquefaction, a study was made of liquefaction characteristics and catalysts of various coals. Also studied were liquefaction conditions for quality improvement of liquefaction products, an evaluation method of quality of coal liquid, and a utilization method of coal liquid. In order to prevent carbonization and realize effective liquefaction, a study was conducted for elucidation of the reaction mechanism of high pressure hydrogenation. In a 150t/d pilot plant using hydrogen transfer hydrogenation solvents, the NEDOL method was studied using various catalysts and kinds of coals. This is a step prior to data acquisition for engineering, actual construction of equipment and operation. A 1t/d process supporting unit is a unit to support it. The unit conducts studies on slurry letdown valves and synthetic iron sulfide catalysts, screening of Chinese coals, etc. As to coal gasification, the paper added to the basic research the combined cycle power generation using entrained flow coal gasification for improvement of thermal efficiency and environmental acceptability and the HYCOL method for hydrogen production. 68 refs., 40 figs.

  1. Interactions with industry under the Sunshine Act: an example from gynecologic oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shalowitz, David I; Spillman, Monique A; Morgan, Mark A

    2016-06-01

    Clinicians may be unaware that industry payments to physicians are now publicly searchable under the Physician Payments Sunshine Act. Furthermore, the extent of industry's financial involvement in subspecialty practice has not been previously accessible. As an example, 6948 direct, research-unrelated payments totaling $1,957,004 were made to 765 gynecologic oncologists in 2014, the first full year of data available. A total of 153 companies reported at least 1 payment; however, the 10 manufacturers reporting the highest total payment amount accounted for 82% of all payments to physicians. In all, 48 gynecologic oncologists received >$10,000 from manufacturers, accounting for $1,202,228, or 61%, of total payments. Obstetrician-gynecologists, including gynecologic oncologists, should be aware of their publicly reported payments from industry and ensure reports' accuracy. Professional organizations, including the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO), should strongly consider proactively developing guidelines regarding interactions with industry for their general memberships. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Japan`s sunshine project. 17.. 1992 annual summary of coal liquefaction and gasification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    This report describes the achievement of coal liquefaction and gasification technology development in the Sunshine Project for FY 1992. It presents the research and development of coal liquefaction which includes studies on reaction mechanism of coal liquefaction and catalysts for coal liquefaction, the research and development of coal gasification technologies which includes studies on gasification characteristics of various coals and improvement of coal gasification efficiency, the development of bituminous coal liquefaction which includes engineering, construction and operation of a bituminous coal liquefaction pilot plant and research by a process supporting unit (PSU), the development of brown coal liquefaction which includes research on brown coal liquefaction with a pilot plant and development of techniques for upgrading coal oil from brown coal, the development of common base technologies which includes development of slurry letdown valves and study on upgrading technology of coal-derived distillates, the development of coal-based hydrogen production technology with a pilot plant, the development of technology for entrained flow coal gasification, the assessment of coal hydrogasification, and the international co-operation. 4 refs., 125 figs., 39 tabs.

  3. Japan sunshine project 1987 annual summary of Hydrogen energy R and D

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    This paper presents the findings of the researches on hydrogen energy in sunshine project in FY87. A duration test of the electrolyte membrane of solid polymer fabricated by bonding Pt and Ir catalyst layers was made for seven months to produce hydrogen by the electrolysis of water. The result indicates that the electrolysis will be able to be made at high current density. The sensitivity to stress corrosion cracking of stainless steel for electrolysis of water was evaluated. Since a thin film of stabilized zirconia fabricated by sintering at a temperature of 1500 C or higher is dense and conductive, it is a promising solid electrolyte. Since an inert phase to hydrogen is developed in a high-density metallic alloy for hydrogen storage produced by sintering and partially melting Mg7Zn3-Ni, it must be improved. A heating module of hydrogenated material monolithically coated on copper tube was investigated. The application of metallic alloy for hydrogen storage to the hydrogen electrode is studied. A hydrogen-fueled prime mover system circulating an inert gas is being developed. Since the low alloy steel part is extremely embrittled by heating, the intergranular face of coarse crystal affected by the cycle of welding heat is a problem.

  4. Japan`s new sunshine project. 1995 annual summary of solar energy R and D program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The paper reported the details of the research results of the New Sunshine Project in fiscal 1995. As for the technical development for the practical use of photovoltaic power systems, the development of manufacturing technologies for low-cost substrates and the low-cost fabrication of multicrystalline solar cells/modules were conducted as the development of technology for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells for practical use. As the research on fabrication technology for thin film solar cells for practical use, conducted were the research on low-cost fabrication technology for large-area modules and the technological development for qualitative improvement. The paper further made the technological development for super-high efficiency solar cells, the research and development of evaluation system for photovoltaic power generation system, the research and development of peripheral technology for photovoltaic power system, the research and development of system to utilize photovoltaic energy, the demonstrative research of the photovoltaic power system, etc. As to the research and development of photovoltaic power systems, conducted were the characterization and control of surface/interface recombination velocity of crystalline silicon thin films, the research on surface passivation for high-efficiency silicon solar cells, etc. Moreover, with relation to the utilization technology of solar thermal energy, the paper made the research on advanced solar components, the research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal system for industrial and other uses, etc. 302 figs., 58 tabs.

  5. Assessment of Aquaflor (c), copper sulfate and potassium permanganate for control of Aeromonas hydrophila and Flavobacterium columnare infection in sunshine bass, Morone chrysops female x Morone saxatilis male

    Science.gov (United States)

    Two experiments were conducted to assess different therapeutants against a mixed infection of Aeromonas hydrophila and Flavobacterium columnare in sunshine bass (SB) (Morone chrysops female x Morone saxatilis male). Experiment 1 assessed the efficacy of copper sulfate (CuSO4), florfenicol-medicated...

  6. Evaluation of growth, nutrient retention, health, and resistance to bacterial challenge in sunshine bass fed diets with new varieties of non-genetically modified soybeans

    Science.gov (United States)

    We evaluated the effects of meals made from new strains of soybeans with high protein and reduced anti-nutritional factors (ANFs) on hybrid striped bass ("Sunshine bass", Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis) nutrient availability, growth rates, nutrient retention, gut histology, non-specific immune respo...

  7. The effect of the dye Aquashade(c) on water quality, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and sunshine bass fingerling production in fertilized culture ponds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rooted macrophytes make harvesting fingerling sunshine bass from ponds difficult because they can smother fish or tangle in the seines and increase fish stress by increasing time needed to retrieve the fingerlings from the net. Aquashade® is a dye that is used to reduce macrophyte growth by reducin...

  8. On the relationship between cardboard burning in a sunshine recorder and the direct solar irradiance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, A.; Calbó, J.; González, J. A.

    2012-04-01

    Since the end of XIX century, the Campbell-Stokes recorder (CSR) has been the instrument used to measure the insolation (hours of sunshine during per day). Due to the large number of records that exist worldwide (some of them extending over more than 100 years), valuable climatic information can be extracted from them. There are various articles that relate the insolation with the cloudiness and the global solar irradiation (Angstrom-Prescott type formulas). Theoretically, the insolation is defined as the number of hours that direct solar irradiance (DSI) exceeds 120 W/m2, thus corresponding to the total length of the burning in the bands. The width of the burn has not been well studied, so the aim of this research is to relate this width, first with the DSI and then, with other variables. The research was carried out in Girona (NE Spain) for a period extending since February 2011. A CSR from Thies Clima and a pyrheliometer from Kipp&Zonen were used to measure insolation and the direct solar irradiance. Other meteorological variables were also stored for the study. For each band, we made two independent measurements of the width of the burn every 10 minutes: first, we measured directly the width of the perforated portion of the burn; second, we measured the width of the burn after applying a digital image process that increases the contrast of the burn. The burn in a band has a direct relationship with the DSI. Specifically, correlation coefficients of the perforation width and the burning width with DSI were 0.838 and 0.864 respectively. However, we found that there are times when despite of DSI is as high as 400 W/m2 (i.e. much greater than 120 W/m2), there is no burn in the band. Contrarily, sometimes a burn occurs with almost no DSI. Furthermore, a higher DSI does not always correspond to a wider burn of the band. Because of this, we consider that characteristics of band burns must also depend on other meteorological variables (temperature, humidity...). The

  9. Effectiveness of aquaflor (50% florfenicol) to control mortality associated with Streptococcus iniae in freshwater-reared subadult sunshine bass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowker, James D; Ostland, Vaughn E; Carty, Daniel; Bowman, Molly P

    2010-12-01

    We conducted a field trial to evaluate the effectiveness of Aquaflor (50% florfenicol) for controlling mortality associated with Streptococcus iniae in freshwater-reared subadult sunshine bass (female white bass Morone chrysops X male striped bass M. saxatilis). Bacterial samples collected from moribund fish representing a reference population were presumptively identified microbiologically and were later confirmed to be S. iniae by biochemical characterization and polymerase chain reaction. The trial comprised a 1-d acclimation period, 10-d treatment period, and 14-d posttreatment period. During the treatment period, Aquaflor-medicated feed was administered to treated tanks (N = 3) at a target dose of 10 mg of florfenicol x kg of fish(-1) x d(-1), and nonmedicated feed was administered to control tanks (N = 3). At the end of the posttreatment period, mean (+/- SD) cumulative mortality in treated tanks (9 +/- 11%) was significantly (P = 0.040) less than that in control tanks (52 +/- 13%). Analysis of medicated feed samples revealed that treated tanks had received an actual dose of 8.3 mg florfenicol x kg fish(-1) x d(-1) (83% of target). No florfenicol was detected in control feed samples. Although the actual florfenicol dose administered to treated tanks was less than the target dose, the trial was accepted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine as demonstrating the efficacy of Aquaflor to control mortality associated with S. iniae in cultured sunshine bass populations.

  10. A longitudinal study of the residents’ perceptions of tourism impacts using data from the sunshine coast Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bishnu Sharma

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates whether there has been a change in residents’ perceptions of living and tourism impacts, on the Sunshine Coast, in 2009 from their perceptions of 2008. In 2009 more respondents reported that lifestyle and general pace of life were the key attractions of living on the Sunshine Coast. The results also demonstrate a significant increase in residents’ perceptions that tourism is likely to have a positive impact on the cultural identity of the community. The study also found that between 2008 and 2009 there was a significant decrease in the residents’ concerns regarding traffic congestion; noise and pollution; crime rates; destruction of the natural environment; and unpleasantly overcrowded beaches, and bush walking paths, parks and outdoor facilities in the community. The research, however, reveals no significant differences in the residents’ perceptions of conservation of natural resources; creation of employment; and the possibility of having more cultural exchange between tourists and residents due to tourism. Overall, these findings are favourable for tourism-related stakeholders in developing future tourism plans for the region in that residents’ appear to be more willing to support tourism development.

  11. Rocky 7 prototype Mars rover field geology experiments 1. Lavic Lake and sunshine volcanic field, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvidson, R. E.; Acton, C.; Blaney, D.; Bowman, J.; Kim, S.; Klingelhofer, G.; Marshall, J.; Niebur, C.; Plescia, J.; Saunders, R.S.; Ulmer, C.T.

    1998-01-01

    Experiments with the Rocky 7 rover were performed in the Mojave Desert to better understand how to conduct rover-based, long-distance (kilometers) geological traverses on Mars. The rover was equipped with stereo imaging systems for remote sensing science and hazard avoidance and 57Fe Mo??ssbauer and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometers for in situ determination of mineralogy of unprepared rock and soil surfaces. Laboratory data were also obtained using the spectrometers and an X ray diffraction (XRD)/XRF instrument for unprepared samples collected from the rover sites. Simulated orbital and descent image data assembled for the test sites were found to be critical for assessing the geologic setting, formulating hypotheses to be tested with rover observations, planning traverses, locating the rover, and providing a regional context for interpretation of rover-based observations. Analyses of remote sensing and in situ observations acquired by the rover confirmed inferences made from orbital and simulated descent images that the Sunshine Volcanic Field is composed of basalt flows. Rover data confirmed the idea that Lavic Lake is a recharge playa and that an alluvial fan composed of sediments with felsic compositions has prograded onto the playa. Rover-based discoveries include the inference that the basalt flows are mantled with aeolian sediment and covered with a dense pavement of varnished basalt cobbles. Results demonstrate that the combination of rover remote sensing and in situ analytical observations will significantly increase our understanding of Mars and provide key connecting links between orbital and descent data and analyses of returned samples. Copyright 1998 by the American Geophysical Union.

  12. Sunshine-based estimation of global solar radiation on horizontal surface at Lake Van region (Turkey)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Duzen, Hacer; Aydin, Harun

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► The global solar radiation at Lake Van region is estimated. ► This study is unique for the Lake Van region. ► Solar radiation around Lake Van has the highest value at the east-southeast region. ► The annual average solar energy potential is obtained as 750–2458 kWh/m 2 . ► Results can be used to estimate evaporation. - Abstract: In this study several sunshine-based regression models have been evaluated to estimate monthly average daily global solar radiation on horizontal surface of Lake Van region in the Eastern Anatolia region in Turkey by using data obtained from seven different meteorological stations. These models are derived from Angström–Prescott linear regression model and its derivatives such as quadratic, cubic, logarithmic and exponential. The performance of this regression models were evaluated by comparing the calculated clearness index and the measured clearness index. Several statistical tests were used to control the validation and goodness of the regression models in terms of the coefficient of determination, mean percent error, mean absolute percent error, mean biased error, mean absolute biased error, root mean square error and t-statistic. The results of all the regression models are within acceptable limits according to the statistical tests. However, the best performances are obtained by cubic regression model for Bitlis, Gevaş, Hakkari, Muş stations and by quadratic regression model for Malazgirt, Tatvan and Van stations to predict global solar radiation. The spatial distributions of the monthly average daily global solar radiation around the Lake Van region were obtained with interpolation of calculated solar radiation data that acquired from best fit models of the stations. The annual average solar energy potential for Lake Van region is obtained between 750 kWh/m 2 and 2485 kWh/m 2 with annual average of 1610 kWh/m 2 .

  13. Lemons in the Arizona Sunshine: The Effects of Furocoumarins Leading to Phytophotodermatitis and Burn-like Injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Marc R; VanderVelde, Joel C; Caruso, Daniel M; Foster, Kevin N

    2017-12-01

    Phytophototoxic dermatitis is a strong phototoxic reaction to ultraviolet A (UV-A) radiation exposure after cutaneous contact with citrus fruit containing furocoumarins, leading to skin injury. At the Arizona Burn Center (Phoenix, AZ), the majority of these injuries are managed in the outpatient setting. The authors present a pediatric admission for burn-like injuries following prolonged cutaneous exposure to lemons while playing in the Arizona sunshine. A 7-year-old girl playing in her backyard squeezed lemon juice onto her skin while in the hot Arizona sunshine; within 24 hours, the child experienced pain, erythema, and blistering to multiple areas of her skin. She was admitted to the authors' burn center for wound care and pain control. She had scattered first-degree and second-degree burn-like lesions to her face, neck, and chest as well as bilateral forearms, hands, lower extremities, and feet. After blister debridement, appropriate dressing care, and pain medication, the patient was discharged home after 4 days of hospitalization with appropriate clinical follow-up. Burn-like lesions caused by furocoumarins after cutaneous absorption and UV-A exposure are known clinical entities in Arizona. The sequential progression from erythema to blisters equivalent to second-degree burn-like lesions to cutaneous hyperpigmentation is a well-described clinical triad. Meticulous wound care and pain control for the treatment of these burn-like lesions are essential as is the need for the wound care specialist to be well versed on this topic to quickly identify the etiology of the injury, thereby avoiding misdiagnosing the patient with nonaccidental traumatic injuries.

  14. Analysis of Long-Term Global Solar Radiation, Sunshine Duration and Air Temperature Data of Ankara and Modeling with Curve Fitting Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet YEŞİLBUDAK

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The information about solar parameters is important in the installation of photovoltaic energy systems that are reliable, environmentally friendly and sustainable. In this study, initially, long-term global solar radiation, sunshine duration and air temperature data of Ankara are analyzed on the annual, monthly and daily basis, elaborately. Afterwards, three different empirical methods that are polynomial, Gaussian and Fourier are used for the purpose of modeling long-term monthly total global solar radiation, monthly total sunshine duration and monthly mean air temperature data. The coefficient of determination and the root mean square error are computed as statistical test metrics in order to compare data modeling performance of the mentioned empirical methods. The empirical methods that provide the best results enable to model the solar characteristics of Ankara more accurately and the achieved outcomes constitute the significant resource for other locations with similar climatic conditions.

  15. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey and research concerning development of next-generation chemical process technologies; 1999 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To further enhance resource/energy conservation and environmental impact reduction, it is necessary to develop innovative chemical reaction process technologies. It is for this reason that 'development of next-generation chemical reaction process technologies' is being carried out under the New Sunshine Program. The survey and research, for the fulfilment of the above goal, aim to select important technologies and put in a easy-to-study order the problems contained in associated technologies for picking out tasks for future studies for the purpose of suggesting some subjects to be taken up for future development. In addition, studies are made about how a comprehensive technology assessment system should be. In this fiscal year, propositions are compiled for research and development projects on five subjects. Studies of subjects other than these five will also continue to eventually build concrete propositions on them. The said five subjects involve 1) the development and application of nonaqueous biotechnologies, 2) biotechnology-aided polymeric material creation processes, 3) construction of high-efficiency energy conservation processes using innovative grain handling technologies in the high-temperature reaction field, 4) manufacture of high-performance polymeric materials for batteries and development of battery fabrication processes, and 5) the development of an energy conservation process maximally utilizing environmentally-friendly polyolefin. (NEDO)

  16. Comparison between instrumental sunshine duration and surface solar radiation trends for Italy over the period 1959-2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manara, Veronica; Brunetti, Michele; Maugeri, Maurizio; Sanchez-Lorenzo, Arturo; Wild, Martin

    2016-04-01

    A dataset of quality checked and homogenized Italian instrumental sunshine duration (SD) and surface solar radiation (SSR) records has been set up collecting data from different sources, and the regional records for North and South Italy are obtained for both the variables. The trends refer to the period 1936-2013 for SD and to the period 1959-2013 for SSR. The SD records show an increasing tendency starting at the beginning of 1980s (i.e. brightening) and a decreasing tendency (i.e., dimming) in the previous period, which is, however, less evident than the more recent brightening, especially in northern Italy [Manara et al., 2015]. The SSR series show a decrease until the mid of 1980s and a following increase until the end of the series in all seasons with the only exception of summer in the North where the dimming period is very weak and winter and autumn in the South where the brightening periods is not significant. The comparison between the two variables over the common period (1959-2013) shows some discrepancies in the magnitude of the trends, especially during the dimming period with a more intense and significant tendency for SSR than for SD. Another peculiarity of the SSR trends with respect to the ones obtained from SD is a shift of the trend reversal from the mid of 1980s to the beginning of 1980s. The correlations between the two variables for the annual mean are 0.65 and 0.50 for the North and the South respectively. At seasonal scale they range between 0.71 (autumn) and 0.88 (spring) in the North and between 0.58 (autumn) and 0.75 (spring) in the South. A more detailed understanding of differences highlighted by the comparison between SD and SSR records needs further research, based as an example on the comparison of the trends obtained also under clear-sky conditions. Nevertheless, the obtained results are in agreement with those reported in literature where the discrepancies observed during the dimming period are supposed to be caused by a different

  17. Empirical Models For The Correlation With Sunshine Duration of Metrological Data For Tikrit-TuzKhurmato and Kirkuk-IRAQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fayadh M. Abed Al-Dulaimy

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Measurements of metrological data of maximum, minimum ambient temperature, humidity and sunshine duration for a period of 23 years during the period of 1977-2000, at Tikrit (34. 35°N, 43.37°E, TuzKurmato (34.88°N, 44.64°E, and Kirkuk (35.30°N, 44. 21°E, were used to established an Angstrom type corrélation équations for direct global solar radiation. The diffuse radiation was estimated by using klien and Page Models. This calculation appears to be sufficient to discriminate each station from the others due to it’s local characteristic of the sites. The overall results shown for TuzKurmato, the received radiation on the plane surface is higher than Tikrit and Kirkuk while the diffuse radiation reversely behaved as for Tiktit is the highest. The developed model can be used for estimating global solar radiation on horizontal surfaces. The monthly average total solar radiation was estimated. The value of correlation coefficient (r and value of Root Mean Square Error (RMSE, Mean Bias Error (MBE and Mean Percentage Error (MPE were determined for each equation

  18. Variability and trend of diurnal temperature range in China and their relationship to total cloud cover and sunshine duration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, X.

    2013-05-01

    This study aims to investigate the effect of total cloud cover (TCC) and sunshine duration (SSD) in the variation of diurnal temperature range (DTR) in China during 1954-2009. As expected, the inter-annual variation of DTR was mainly determined by TCC. Analysis of trends of 30-year moving windows of DTR and TCC time series showed that TCC changes could account for that of DTR in some cases. However, TCC decreased during 1954-2009, which did not support DTR reduction across China. DTRs under sky conditions such as clear, cloudy and overcast showed nearly the same decreasing rate that completely accounted for the overall DTR reduction. Nevertheless, correlation between SSD and DTR was weak and not significant under clear sky conditions in which aerosol direct radiative effect should be dominant. Furthermore, 30-60% of DTR reduction was associated with DTR decrease under overcast conditions in south China. This implies that aerosol direct radiative effect appears not to be one of the main factors determining long-term changes in DTR in China.

  19. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply system (R and D on the system for new detached houses); 1994 nendo taiyo reidanbo oyobi kyuto system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shinchiku kojin jutakuyo system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-30

    This report describes the fiscal 1974 result on the solar cooling/heating and hot water supply system. The report includes the system analysis result (collection of existing technical data, analysis of weather conditions, profitability assessment, concept design of the primary experimental house), and the research result on equipment and materials (view and evaluation of existing technologies, selective transparent and absorption materials, the primary prototype solar heat collector model, refrigerator). As the study result, the spheroidal experimental house was adopted. The solar heat utilization system is a central air-conditioning equipment composed of heating by hot water obtained from the solar heat collector, and cooling by absorption refrigerator. Heat collection efficiencies were measured for (1) stainless steel substrate collector, (2) copper substrate collector, and (3) glass pipe collector prepared as prototype collectors. (2) was higher in heat collection efficiency than (1). The efficiency of (3) hardly increased by rise in heat collection temperature due to vacuum structure and selective absorption membrane. Further measurement of such characteristics is necessary at higher temperatures. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply system (R and D on the system for existing detached houses); 1974 nendo taiyo reidanbo oyobi kyuto system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kison kojin jutakuyo system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-28

    This report describes the fiscal 1974 research result on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply systems for existing detached houses. The program for calculating heat collection rates was prepared by integrating peripheral conditions and every calculation step of heat collection rate, mean value, accumulated value and changes caused by disturbance. The cooling/heating load calculation program was also prepared for unsteady dynamic thermal analysis of houses. Another program was prepared for hot water supply load because of a large difference in life pattern. The profitability and energy conservation of 644 systems different in heat source, heat discharge, heat collection, heat storage, auxiliary heat source and equipment were evaluated by heat balance calculation program. Survey and study were also made on various heat engines such as heat pump, absorption refrigerator and Rankine cycle engine. Based on the survey result on existing technology for plane collectors, the optimum design method of collectors were established through various characteristic tests. Some kinds of suitable fusion latent heat type heat media were selected, and their operation stabilities were studied. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1977 Annual report on Sunshine Project results. Research and development of solar energy systems for air conditioning and hot water supply (Research and development of systems for large buildings); 1977 nendo taiyo reidanbo oyobi kyuto system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Ogata kenchikubutsuyo system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-03-31

    This project is aimed at development of (1) devices for solar energy systems for air conditioning and hot water supply, and (2) low-cost, safe systems incorporating the above devices, which are easily inspected and maintained, in which optimum buildings for effective utilization of solar energy are also investigated. Precision of the system analysis is improved by feeding back the results obtained by the basic studies conducted so far into the simulation. The technical supports for commercialization of heat collectors, refrigerators, heat-storage tanks and radiation type ceilings are also obtained. These results are combined for the designs of a real-size test building. In this year, works to install the facilities in the Oita University's test building are completed. These facilities include 40 units of large-size heat collectors (each approximately 2 m by 7.5 m in size); an absorption refrigerator of 30 uSRT in which single- and double-effect systems are combined; 2 piston-flow type heat-storage tanks, each 45 m{sup 3} in capacity; and others including analyzer, associated piping, duct, instrumentation and electrical systems. The test runs are conducted for the control systems, and long- and short-term instrumentation systems to draw the test schedules for optimizing the full-scale runs to be conducted in the next year. The operating and instrumentation manuals, and operating schedules are also drawn. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1997 New Sunshine Project achievement report. Development of power plant and the like utilizing geothermal water (Development of deep-seated geothermal energy collecting technology - Development of deep-seated geothermal resources drilling technology); 1997 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen kussaku gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Efforts were made to develop deep-seated geothermal fluid collecting technologies, comprising drilling and producing technologies, indispensable for the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources anticipated to help enhance geothermal power generation. Items for development were 1) a master plan for development, 2) element technologies for drilling into hard and hot rock beds, and 3) high-accuracy steep-inclination drilling techniques. Under item 1), under the master plan, technical information was collected from overseas on bits, DHM (down hole motor), etc., put in order, and subjected to deliberation. A cost efficiency survey was also conducted. Bits were adjusted relative to mud in a real well. The real well used for this purpose was the 97N-31P well situated in the Oku-Aizu district. Under item 2), bits high in heat resistance and in durability were tested for use at 350 degrees C. A mud resistant system was developed, which comprised natural bentonite, synthetic mica, and polymer. A proper composition was determined for cement slurry, 1.35 in specific weight and usable at 350 degrees C in the ground. Under item 3), an high temperature DHM was fabricated. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1979 Annual report on Sunshine Project results. Fabrication designs for a solar thermal power pilot plant with curved-surface type light-collecting system (Part 2); 1979 nendo taiyonetsu hatsuden (kyokumen shuko hoshiki) seika hokokusho. 2. Pilot plant no seisaku sekkei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    Part 1 of this report (JN0040511) describes basic and fabrication design specifications for operation and control of a solar thermal power pilot plant with curved-surface type light-collecting system, centered by computer for the plant control. Part 2 follows Part 1, which describes basic fabrication design specifications (Chapter I), system design specifications (Chapter II), hardware specifications (Chapter III) and attachments (Chapter IV), to contain the other attachments: daily processing specifications, computer-aided processing function specifications, operator request function specifications, summary data collection function specifications, basic structures of the software systems, basic specifications for computer inputting/outputting, failure display panel drawings, COD/channel base dimension drawings, console inputting/outputting dimension drawings, T/W disc dimension drawings, viewer external dimension drawings, cassette MT structure dimension drawings, operator console panel drawings, power source panel dimension drawings, program specifications GFC, 4 subroutine specifications GFC (R sub), table list, table structure drawings, and analysis of system characteristics (light- and heat-collection system simulation). (NEDO)

  4. FY 1998 report on the project for development of hot water utilizing power generating plants and others, supported by New Sunshine Project. Development of extraction technologies and development of production technologies for the deep-seated geothermal resources; 1998 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 1998 results of the activities for development of extraction and production technologies for the deep-seated geothermal resources, which are expected to contribute to increased geothermal power generation capacity. The program for the PTSD logging technology connects the S probe to PT probe, to simultaneously measure temperature, pressure and volumetric flow, producing the data of good quality even in a high temperature environment over 327 degrees C. Thus, possibility of the commercial system is confirmed. The D probe also produces a density calibration curve showing very good linearity, and operates normally in a high temperature environment of 406 degrees C. The program for the PTC monitoring technology conducts the field tests at Larderello, Italy, to confirm the sampler functions in a high temperature environment. The program for the tracer monitoring technology extracts promising tracers stable at high temperature from those for the liquid, vapor and liquid/vapor mixed phases. Silica is observed to be massively dissolved at 400 to 1,000mg/kg in the fluid under deep geothermal conditions. Scale precipitation rate is minimal for the first 21 days, but increases linearly with time thereafter. The experiments are also conducted for formation and prevention of the Fe-Si-based scales during the flushing period. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1980 Sunshine Project research report. Development of hydrothermal power plant. Development of binary cycle power plant (Research on heat cycle, heat medium, material and heat medium turbine); 1980 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (netsu cycle oyobi netsubaitai no kenkyu, zairyo no kenkyu narabini netsubaitai turbine no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1980 research result on each element of the next 10MW class geothermal binary cycle power plant, following last year. In the research on heat cycle and heat medium, measurement was made on the liquid density, vapor density, liquid specific heat, vapor specific heat and thermal conductivity of 8 heat media to prepare the precise pressure enthalpy chart. The thermal stability of each medium was also measured under a flow condition. The heat cycle of each medium was calculated in a hydrothermal temperature range of 120-160 degrees C for evaluation of its output. In the research on material, field corrosion test and laboratory simulation were made on 3 kinds of heat exchanger martials for acidic hot water to study the corrosion behavior of welding members. In the research on heat medium turbine, study was made on sealing characteristics such as differential pressure, flow rate and friction of sealing oil for oil film seal and mechanical seal as shaft seal devices of heat medium turbines for the 10MW class geothermal plant. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 1998 New Sunshine Program achievement report. Development for practical application of photovoltaic system - Research and development of photovoltaic system evaluation technology (Research and development of system evaluation technology); 1998 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In relation with several types of standard photovoltaic power generation systems expected to be put to practical use, design parameters are quantified, databases are utilized, and simulation technologies are developed, while collecting data from test facilities constructed to simulate them, for the development of evaluation techniques indispensable for the efficient improvement of photovoltaic power generation systems. In fiscal 1998, data were collected from verification test facilities and residential photovoltaic systems sited across Japan. The collected data were subjected to analysis and simulation, by which correction factors were calculated for smudge, spectral response, incident radiation, and temperature. Furthermore, load matching factors and storage battery contribution rates were calculated by simulation for the stand-alone photovoltaic systems sited in five Japanese cities, each comprising an array, storage battery, charge/discharge controller, DC-DC converter, and a load. Reference is also made to a survey of trends of technology development. (NEDO)

  7. Reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. R and D on solar cooling/heating and hot-water supply system (R and D on system for multiple dwelling); 1979 nendo taiyo reidanbo oyobi kyuto system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shugo jutakuyo system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    This R and D was intended to develop the following technologies for the purpose of putting into practice an innovative system that performs cooling/heating and hot-water supply for a multiple dwelling economically by solar energy: development of equipment constituting solar cooling/heating and hot-water supply system, and development of a system which uses such equipment and which is inexpensive and safe as well as easy for inspection and maintenance. In fiscal 1979, a study was implemented in which emphasis was placed on the experiment of a test housing with a solar cooling/heating and hot-water supply system incorporated for the purpose of proving the results of the research since fiscal 1974. In the overall flow of this project, the following research contents were partially performed or being performed successively during the period of seven years. (1) Examination of various methods, (2) Development of thermally driven freezer, (3) High performance heat collecter, (4) Heat storage device, (5) Types of multiple dwelling suitable for solar energy utilization, (6) Construction of experimental multiple dwelling, (7) Experiment in houses actually in use by people, (8) Confirmation of system improvements and results on the basis of experimental measurements, and (9) Evaluation as a solar system for multiple dwelling. (NEDO)

  8. Sunshine Program-assisted project achievement report for fiscal 1981 on the development of technologies for photovoltaic power system practical application. Development of photovoltaic power generation demonstration system (Research and development for schoolhouses); 1981 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden demonstration system kaihatsu (gakkoyo system no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Power generated by solar cells complying with NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) specifications is stored in a storage battery or is converted into AC power in a DC-AC converter for interconnection with a commercial power system, and then supplied to loads in schoolhouses. The system operates independently when the commercial power system is out. Basic plans and primary specifications had been determined, basic modules experimentally built, tested, and part of their details designed, all these up to fiscal 1980. In fiscal 1981, system design details are drawn, housetops are examined for installation, and problems that may entail installation are checked. A system data accumulation unit comes into operation for data collection. A system simulator is developed and constructed and the solar cell is checked for performance. Model arrays are built and subjected to a combination tests, when the effect of shade is also investigated. A charge control unit, high-efficiency GTO (gate turned-off) thyristor DC-AC converter, and a protection circuit in preparation for interconnection are developed, and experimentally constructed. In fiscal 1982, 20kW solar cells will be installed and schoolhouse systems will come into service operation. (NEDO)

  9. FY 1980 Report on results of Sunshine Project. Research and development of coal liquefaction techniques (Development of direct hydrogenation type liquefaction plant and 2.4 T/D test plant); 1980 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu, chokusetsu suiten ekika plant no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2.4T/nichi jikken plant no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This program is aimed at construction and operation of a 2.4 T/D test plant for eventual commercialization of the direct hydrogenation type liquefaction process. The FY 1980 program includes designs of the test plant, procurement and manufacture of some equipment, and works for construction of the bases, buildings and scaffolds. The construction site for the 2.4 T/D plant was changed in July 1980 from Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding's Chiba works to NKK's Keihin Steelworks, which was accompanied by some changes in the basic and detailed designs. The detailed designs were reviewed for construction of the test plant, to reflect the results of the individual elementary researches. The works for the FY 1980 program also include preparations for obtaining approvals of plant construction, based on the revised designs, from the related government offices, and equipment procurement. This paper presents the major drawings for the plant construction, including those for PID designs, overall plant layouts, piping systems, buildings, scaffolds, and pipe racks. The loading data are also included. (NEDO)

  10. Reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. R and D on solar cooling/heating and hot-water supply system (R and D on system for large-sized building); 1979 nendo taiyo reidanbo oyobi kyuto system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Ogata kenchikubutsuyo system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    Equipment was developed constituting a solar cooling/heating and hot-water supply system, as was the system using such equipment as well as being safe and easy to carry out inspection and maintenance, with the purpose of putting into practice an innovative system capable of cooling/heating and hot-water supply for a large-sized building economically by means of solar energy. An analysis was conducted on the test result in an experimental system having a practical size, with the effect confirmed of the improvement work of fiscal 1978. An inspection was made for the cause of piping corrosion, as were the examination and proposal for anti-corrosion measures. Heat and weather resistance tests were carried out on selective absorption films and a convection preventive structure. A selective absorption film processing was performed on a heat collecting plate for a large heat-collecting device, with a durability test conducted for the device by assembling the film in it. A test equipment was designed and manufactured for a latent heat type heat-collecting system of a practical size, performing various experiments and an automatically controlled operation. Displayed in the test by the practical size experiment system (in the Oita University laboratory) were the cooling/heating operation mode, summary of a whole day operation, daily fluctuation of electrical power and kerosene consumption, and a graph of accumulating totals. A long-term/short-term instrumentation analysis were also performed. (NEDO)

  11. FY 1998 report on the results of the New Sunshine Project - Development of the commercialization technology of the photovoltaic power system. Verification study of the photovoltaic power system - Research on engineering methods for cost effective PV installation; 1998 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system no jissho kenkyu (tashu secchi koho no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting installations of PV system and making use of the unused space for which a rise in the PV demand equal to that in houses, building roofs, etc. is expected, examination/research for much newer forms of land installation are proceeded with, and evaluation/verification of reliability/durability are conducted of new installation processes using thin film solar cells, adhesives, etc. In this fiscal year, study of the development/verification of low cost floating pedestal was promoted, and at the same time, examinational study of forms of land installation was made. As to the development of low cost floating pedestal, the module type flexible floating pedestal was developed as a small prototype pedestal and tested for installation in a pool. Survey was also carried out of geometry, mooring systems, materials, design conditions, and existing instances of different floats, and measures were studied for the effective use of the floating system. In relation to reliability and durability evaluation of the new installation process, the verification operation of evaluation facilities for various installation processes was continued, and the power generation capacity was made clear in special forms of installation such as installations on vertical/horizontal surfaces. And the study was made of the large area frameless structure, building use double glass structure, and durability of the adhesive/adhesive tape process of thin film solar cells. (NEDO)

  12. Efficacy of florfenicol, copper sulfate and potassium permanganate in controlling a natural infection of Aeromonas hydrophila and Flavobacterium columnare in sunshine bass, Morone chrysops female x Morone saxatilis male

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunshine bass (Morone chrysops female ' Morone saxatilis male) naturally infected with Aeromonas hydrophila and Flavobacterium columnare were randomly assigned to six treatments: 1) two treatments of waterborne exposures to copper sulfate (CuSO4), at 2.1 and at 4.2 mg/L (approximately one and two pe...

  13. Industry Financial Relationships in Orthopaedic Surgery: Analysis of the Sunshine Act Open Payments Database and Comparison with Other Surgical Subspecialties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cvetanovich, Gregory L; Chalmers, Peter N; Bach, Bernard R

    2015-08-05

    Industry financial relationships for orthopaedic surgeons in the United States are now publicly reported in the Sunshine Act Open Payments database. We sought to present these data in a more easily understandable format and to describe how industry relationships in orthopaedic surgery compare with other surgical subspecialties. The Open Payments database was searched for all records of industry financial relationships for orthopaedic surgeons. Data analyzed included the value of reported financial relationships per surgeon, the type of financial relationship, and geographic region. Similar analytics were collected for neurological surgery, urology, plastic surgery, and otolaryngology. Data were normalized to the overall number of providers in each subspecialty in the United States from the American Medical Association 2012 data. For 12,320 orthopaedic surgeons, 58,127 industry financial relationships were reported, with a total value of $80.2 million. Royalties or licensing fees, which were received by 1.7% of U.S. orthopaedic surgeons, accounted for 69.5% of the total monetary value of payments to orthopaedic surgeons. Between August and December 2013, 50.1% of U.S. orthopaedic surgeons had a reported financial relationship. Orthopaedics had the second lowest percentage of physicians with industry financial relationships among the five surgical subspecialties studied. The overall value of payments per orthopaedic surgeon was higher than in the other subspecialties, driven by the large value of royalties and licensing. One-half of U.S. orthopaedic surgeons have industry financial relationships reported in the Open Payments database. Orthopaedic surgeons are less likely than most surgical subspecialists to receive industry payments, and the majority of the overall value of orthopaedic financial relationships is driven by a small number of orthopaedic surgeons receiving royalties and licensing for reimbursable innovation within the field. Copyright © 2015 by The

  14. Comparative analysis of environmental impact of S2P (Sunshine to Petrol) system for transportation fuel production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Jiyong; Miller, James E.; Maravelias, Christos T.; Stechel, Ellen B.

    2013-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • We study solar fuels derived from CO 2 and water using the S2P framework. • S2P fuels have lower environmental impact than conventional fuels. • We evaluate the economic, environmental, and social benefits of the S2P framework. - Abstract: A previous study on Sunshine to Petrol (S2P), a technology framework to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels from CO 2 and water using a concentrated solar energy source, focused on process development as well as economic evaluation. The study herein presents results from a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach to a comparative analysis of the environmental impacts of S2P-derived and petroleum-derived gasoline. Results reveal that S2P gasoline shows lower impact scores than the conventional gasoline for all evaluated impact categories. Based on the LCA results, we then analyze the environmental benefits including greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation and external cost savings. We find that if S2P gasoline could be successfully introduced to satisfy the gasoline demand of a sample city, Victorville in east California, 3.6 Mt CO 2-eq of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (77% of the total regional emissions) would be mitigated based on the current fleet of vehicles. The lighter impact also corresponds to 4.2 M$ annual cost savings from avoided environment damage. More generally, for each million vehicles running on S2P gasoline there would be nearly $30 M in savings and 335 M gallons of gasoline displaced, which in turn results in nearly 25.8 Mt of CO 2-eq avoided

  15. MS Sunshine Study: Sun Exposure But Not Vitamin D Is Associated with Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Blacks and Hispanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Langer-Gould

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Multiple sclerosis (MS incidence and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD levels vary by race/ethnicity. We examined the consistency of beneficial effects of 25OHD and/or sun exposure for MS risk across multiple racial/ethnic groups. We recruited incident MS cases and controls (blacks 116 cases/131 controls; Hispanics 183/197; whites 247/267 from the membership of Kaiser Permanente Southern California into the MS Sunshine Study to simultaneously examine sun exposure and 25OHD, accounting for genetic ancestry and other factors. Higher lifetime ultraviolet radiation exposure (a rigorous measure of sun exposure was associated with a lower risk of MS independent of serum 25OHD levels in blacks (adjusted OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.31–0.83; p = 0.007 and whites (OR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.48–0.94; p = 0.020 with a similar magnitude of effect that did not reach statistical significance in Hispanics (OR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.42–1.04; p = 0.071. Higher serum 25OHD levels were associated with a lower risk of MS only in whites. No association was found in Hispanics or blacks regardless of how 25OHD was modeled. Lifetime sun exposure appears to reduce the risk of MS regardless of race/ethnicity. In contrast, serum 25OHD levels are not associated with MS risk in blacks or Hispanics. Our findings challenge the biological plausibility of vitamin D deficiency as causal for MS and call into question the targeting of specific serum 25OHD levels to achieve health benefits, particularly in blacks and Hispanics.

  16. Sunshine duration and global radiation trends in Italy (1959-2013): To what extent do they agree?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manara, V.; Brunetti, M.; Maugeri, M.; Sanchez-Lorenzo, A.; Wild, M.

    2017-04-01

    Two Italian homogenized data sets of sunshine duration (SD) and global radiation (Eg↓) relative anomalies are used to investigate to what extent these two variables agree with respect to their temporal evolution. They are compared for northern and southern Italy over the period 1959-2013. Both under all-sky and clear-sky conditions, the SD records tend to show a shorter and less intense decrease until the 1980s ("global dimming") with respect to the Eg↓ ones, while there is a better agreement in the subsequent period when both variables increase ("brightening period"). To investigate whether such behavior can be explained by a different sensitivity of SD and Eg↓ to atmospheric turbidity variations, the observed clear-sky trends are compared to those estimated by a model based both on Lambert-Beer's law and on a simple estimation of diffuse radiation. Results show that most of the differences observed in the trends of the clear-sky SD and Eg↓ records can be explained considering a realistic pattern of atmospheric turbidity in the 1959-2013 period. The only exception concerns winter and autumn in northern Italy where clear-sky SD does not decrease in the dimming period as much as it would be expected on the basis of the corresponding increase in atmospheric turbidity. One reason for this discrepancy could be the influence of other variables like relative humidity. This case study highlights that changes in atmospheric turbidity have to be kept in mind when SD is used to investigate the multidecadal evolution of Eg↓.

  17. Research on elaboration of the action plan for the New Earth 21; `Chikyu saisei keikaku` no jisshi keikaku sakusei ni kansuru chosa jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Elaboration of the action plan for the New Earth 21 plan proposed by Japan in Houston Summit was researched. In fiscal 1995 three types of energy supply/demand scenarios, sensitivity analysis under various conditions, and cases presupposing CO2 emission regulations or not were evaluated by analysis toward 2050 using the New Earth 21 Model (NE 21 Model). Energy-saving is important, and CO2 recovery/treatment technology is introduced according to CO2 emission regulations, while attention is focussed on biomass energy. The issue of solar and wind power generation is cost reduction. In a presupposed horizontally integrated energy system, methanol represents an important intermediate energy. As a whole, CO2 reduction can be achieved by various combinations of energy-saving, introduction of regenerative energy, and CO2 recovery/treatment technology. Case studies of the action plan were conducted by unifying the evaluation criterion on coal IGCC, photovoltaic generation and biomass. The NE 21 Model was useful for elaboration of the reduction scenarios of CO2 emission. 26 refs., 84 figs., 28 tabs.

  18. Survey of implementation plan constructed for `the New Earth 21 Project`; Chikyu saisei keikaku no jisshi keikaku sakusei ni kansuru chosa jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    It is necessary to establish scenarios for reducing CO2 emissions and for developing CO2 emission control technologies to obtain a global consensus, using appropriate analytical models. For modification of the DNE-21 (Dynamic New Earth 21) model, it has a category designated as innovative technologies not involving CO2 emission and an optional consideration for the absorption of atmospheric CO2 by biomass. A global carbon circulation model, including vegetation in its scope, is also incorporated. Major results of the simulation are shown. When 20% reduction in CO2 emissions is required for only OECD countries after the year 2020, it has been demonstrated that CO2 concentration in the atmosphere will reach as high as about 900 ppm in 2100 due to CO2 emission by developing countries, and will not be a tolerable level. Under the condition that CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is controlled at 450 ppm in 2100, the amount of renewable source of energy from photovoltaic power generation and biomass will increase and technologies of CO2 recovery and storage will decrease. Research and development of the production of methanol from recovered CO2 will be adopted as innovative technology for CO2 measures. 69 refs., 112 figs., 79 tabs.

  19. Indices for planning wind power generation; Furyoku hatsuden no keikaku shihyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takeuchi, H.

    1997-11-25

    Outlined herein are status of wind power generation development, indices for planning development, and actual development results. At present, wind power generates electric power of 6,781MW worldwide. USA has been rapidly developing wind power generation since enactment of the PURPA law, and accounted for 25% of the world output in the past. However, the county is recently unseated from the world top position by Germany, which has been extensively developing wind power generation since enactment of the EFL law to reach 1,799MW. In Japan, electric power companies, local governments and public institutions have been positively introducing wind mills since 1992, when Tohoku Electric Power Co. built Ryuhi Wind Park, now generating a total power of 15MW by 64 units located at 33 different points. According to the surveys by NEDO on wind conditions, there are a number of districts suited for wind mills in Hokkaido, Tohoku, Okinawa and sea areas in Honshu. The indices described herein for planning wind power generation include rotor diameter, tower height, speed of rotation, weight, power to be generated, utilization and service factors, noise level, and investment and running costs. In the present state of the development of wind power generation in Japan, development points are 33, generated ouptut 15,097kW and units 64. 14 figs.

  20. Storing sunshine in salamis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marks, S.B.

    1982-03-01

    Glauber's salt employed as a phase change material for the storage of solar energy quickly loses energy storage capacity with cycling, and additives are found to improve its performance. A thin film of laminated, metallized plastic is developed for packaging the material at a cost of about 10/cent/sub l/b. This plastic is compatible for use with a machine that is widely employed in stuffing sausage casings. 8 refs.

  1. Lamp for sunshine simulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    A lamp system is provided, comprising a lamp with a lamp housing accommodating a plurality of light sources for emission of visible light, including blue light, a time keeping unit, a light sensor for sensing intensity of light incident upon it, and a light controller configured for controlling...... the plurality of light sources in response to the intensity of light sensed by the light sensor and the time provided by the time keeping unit, characterized in that the lamp emits blue light for a selected time period, wherein the blue light has a luminous flux ranging from 50 lux to 200 lux and, preferably......, an irradiance that is larger than 5 mW/nm/m2 in a selected wavelength range, such as in the wavelength range from 440 nm to 500 nm, as measured at a distance of 3 metres from the lamp....

  2. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on joint research business (1/2). Photovoltaic power generation field test for industrial purposes; 1998 nendo sangyo nadoyo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo (1/2). Kyodo kenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    For the promotion of the effective utilization of sunshine energy, photovoltaic power generation systems are installed on the roofs of facilities at various locations, and are subjected to long-term operational tests under real loads, and data are collected. Installed on the roof of Saisho-En, an incorporated welfare institution, is a 100kW standardization promotion type photovoltaic power generation system in which ten 10kW standard units are combined. The power generated is consumed for in-house illumination and air-conditioning, and the surplus if any is sold. Similar systems are undergoing field tests, installed at various sites such as Maruto Corporation, SAGA SANYO Industries Co., Ltd., Koyama Neurosurgery and Internal Medicine Hospital, Tsuchiura Urara Building, Osaka Alloy Works, Suntory Takasago Brewery, Katoolec West Company, Kyoto Precision Industries, Old People's Home Izumi for those requiring special care, Incorporated Medical Institution Keisei-Kai, Incorporated Social and Medical Institution Izumi-no-Kai, Akishimadai Kindergarten, Kiyosato Seminar House of Meiji University, and Kitakaminaka-gun Industrial Water Filtration Plant of Iwate Prefectural Business Bureau, etc. (NEDO)

  3. Heightened attention to supplementation is needed to improve the vitamin D status of breastfeeding mothers and infants when sunshine exposure is restricted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawodu, Adekunle; Zalla, Lauren; Woo, Jessica G; Herbers, Patricia M; Davidson, Barbara S; Heubi, James E; Morrow, Ardythe L

    2014-07-01

    Although exclusively breastfed infants are at increased risk of vitamin D (vit D) deficiency if vit D supplementation is lacking and sun exposure is limited, assessment of both risk factors in the first year of life is lacking. We evaluated the contribution of vit D intake and sunlight exposure to vit D status in 120 healthy, breastfeeding mother-infant dyads, who were followed up for 1 year. Vitamin D intake and skin sunlight exposure were evaluated using questionnaires. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and alkaline phosphatase levels were determined post-natally in mothers at 4 weeks and in infants at 4, 26 and 52 weeks. Vitamin D supplementation was low (L(-1)) and 49% were insufficient (50-L(-1)), while 18% of infants were severely vit D deficient (L(-1)) and 77% were deficient (L(-1)). At 26 weeks, winter/spring birth season and shorter duration of months of exclusive breastfeeding were protective of vit D deficiency in infants. Vitamin D deficiency in infants decreased to 12% at 52 weeks with sunlight exposure. Serum PTH levels were significantly higher in severely vit D deficient than sufficient infants. Vitamin D deficiency was widespread in early post-partum breastfeeding mothers and infants, and declined to one in eight infants at 52 weeks due mostly to sunshine exposure. When sunlight exposure is limited or restricted, intensified vit D supplementation of breastfeeding mothers and infants is needed to improve vit D status. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Seasonal variation in month of diagnosis in children with type 1 diabetes registered in 23 European centers during 1989-2008: little short-term influence of sunshine hours or average temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, C C; Gyürüs, E; Rosenbauer, J; Cinek, O; Neu, A; Schober, E; Parslow, R C; Joner, G; Svensson, J; Castell, C; Bingley, P J; Schoenle, E; Jarosz-Chobot, P; Urbonaité, B; Rothe, U; Kržišnik, C; Ionescu-Tirgoviste, C; Weets, I; Kocova, M; Stipancic, G; Samardzic, M; de Beaufort, C E; Green, A; Soltész, G; Dahlquist, G G

    2015-12-01

    The month of diagnosis in childhood type 1 diabetes shows seasonal variation. We describe the pattern and investigate if year-to-year irregularities are associated with meteorological factors using data from 50 000 children diagnosed under the age of 15 yr in 23 population-based European registries during 1989-2008. Tests for seasonal variation in monthly counts aggregated over the 20 yr period were performed. Time series regression was used to investigate if sunshine hour and average temperature data were predictive of the 240 monthly diagnosis counts after taking account of seasonality and long term trends. Significant sinusoidal pattern was evident in all but two small centers with peaks in November to February and relative amplitudes ranging from ± 11 to ± 38% (median ± 17%). However, most centers showed significant departures from a sinusoidal pattern. Pooling results over centers, there was significant seasonal variation in each age-group at diagnosis, with least seasonal variation in those under 5 yr. Boys showed greater seasonal variation than girls, particularly those aged 10-14 yr. There were no differences in seasonal pattern between four 5-yr sub-periods. Departures from the sinusoidal trend in monthly diagnoses in the period were significantly associated with deviations from the norm in average temperature (0.8% reduction in diagnoses per 1 °C excess) but not with sunshine hours. Seasonality was consistently apparent throughout the period in all age-groups and both sexes, but girls and the under 5 s showed less marked variation. Neither sunshine hour nor average temperature data contributed in any substantial way to explaining departures from the sinusoidal pattern. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on development of technologies for practical photovoltaic system under New Sunshine Program. Manufacture of thin-film solar cell and of low-cost/large-area module (Formation of low-temperature film); 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Usukau taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (teion maku keisei gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A polycrystalline Si thin film formation technology is developed, which uses the flux process in which a reaction occurs between the target crystal and a flux component which is eutectic. Using this process, a crystal grain relatively large in diameter is obtained at a relatively low temperature. This method is now attracting attention as one of the technologies for producing crystalline Si film for use in thin-film polycrystalline Si solar cells. Especially when Al is used for flux, since Al is automatically doped into the target crystalline Si film, it is expected that the resulting film will serve as the ground for a photoactive layer provided with the BSF (back surface field) function which is important for the improvement of solar cell efficiency. A polycrystalline Si thin film is formed on a 2cm times 2cm-large glass substrate at a temperature not higher than 600 degrees C. It is recognized that films selectively oriented towards the (111) or (100) plane are acquired when other processes are employed. It is expected that the said Al-doped film provides a ground on which a BSF function-provided photoactive layer will be formed. (NEDO)

  6. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on developing practical application technology for photovoltaic power generation systems under the New Sunshine Project. Development of technologies to manufacture thin film solar cells, development of technologies to manufacture low-cost large-area modules, and development of technologies to manufacture new type amorphous solar cells; 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, shingata amorphous taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Development will be made on high-performance a-solar cells as part of developing practical application technology for a-solar cells for electric power use. Development will be also made on a low-cost process technology. This paper describes the achievements attained during fiscal 1997. Quality improvement has been realized by using a high RF power hydrogen dilution process on a-Si films for front cells of lamination type cells. Four times faster film forming speed was obtained even by using the VHF plasma CVD process, with film quality equivalent to those made by using the conventional RF process maintained. By optimizing the light enclosing construction, the short circuit current was enhanced by over 20%. Discussions were given on forming homogenous a-Si films by optimizing the conditions for forming films on large-area substrates, which resulted in forming film of 30 cm times 40 cm size with good homogeneity at a film forming speed three times faster than the conventional speed. A surface electrode was formed successfully with good uniformity on a substrate with a size of 60 cm times 90 cm. Productivity greater by over three times the conventional productivity was achieved in patterning of transparent electrodes by using high-output laser. Simultaneous and collective patterning and very small and long size collective patterning were realized in a-Si film selection patterning by using the plasma CVD process. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-assisted project. Data 5. Development of coal liquefaction technology/Development of solvent extraction liquefaction technology/Development of brown coal solvent extraction plant (Development of 50t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 5). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Research is conducted for the development of a liquefaction plant (50t/d pilot plant) for Australia's Victorian brown coal. In fiscal 1981, using the process concept and design data obtained through the study of elementary matters, a detailed design of a primary hydrogenation system is drawn, part of the equipment is procured, and on-site construction work is started. The book is a collection of materials which include engineering specifications related to electrical designs, lists of electrical items, specifications related to civil engineering designs, drawings such as planning drawings, and a detailed construction design drawn by an Australian engineering corporation and related documents and drawings. Concerning the manufacture of mechanical systems, items procurable in Japan, specifications of items procurable in Australia, lists, drawings, etc., are shown. Also included are the details of on-site preparation for construction and on-site work, conceptual designs of processes of dehydration, deashing, and secondary hydrogenation, etc. (NEDO)

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on development of technologies for practical photovoltaic system under New Sunshine Program. Manufacture of thin-film solar cell and of low-cost/large-area module (Manufacture of high-reliability CdTe solar module); 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (koshinraisei CdTe taiyo denchi module no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The target is a low-cost CdS/CdTe solar cell of a large area (60cm times 90cm), the establishment of mass-production technologies for the cell, and the enhancement of production efficiency. A thin film formation technology of subjecting CdS film organic metal to pyrolysis is established, which reduces photoabsorption loss in the shortwave domain of wavelength of not longer than 500nm, reduces reflection loss in the film, and improves on short-circuit current density. Improvement is also achieved on CdTe film quality and junction quality by use of a proximity sublimation method in a vacuum, when a conversion rate of 16.0% (1cm{sup 2}) is attained which is the highest in the world. Based on the results of the above-said efforts, a 3.3mm-thick glass substrate is employed for CdTe film to develop into a 30cm times 60cm-large size, with the film thereon uniformly thick over a large area thanks to a normal pressure proximity sublimation method. Studies are made toward a process nearer to the ultimate product and, using the patterning technique, a 30cm times 60cm-large CdTe solar cell is tentatively built realizing a conversion rate of 9.8%. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1998 New Sunshine Program achievement report. Development for practical application of photovoltaic system - Research and development of photovoltaic system evaluation technology (Research and development of system evaluation technology - Photovoltaic system data book, separate volume); 1998 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu bessatsu (taiyoko hatsuden system data shu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In the research and development of photovoltaic power generation system evaluation technology, great progress has been achieved in performance improvement and cost reduction as far as constituent devices such as power modules and inverters are concerned. In the designing of systems, however, quantitative elucidation of loss and power reduction factors remains insufficient. Under the circumstances, several types of photovoltaic power generation systems expected to be put to practical application in the future are taken up, test facilities are constructed which simulate them, and data are collected. The thus-collected data are utilized for research and development of evaluation techniques necessary for the improvement of photovoltaic system efficiency, such as design parameter quantification, databasing and utilization thereof, and simulation technologies, for the establishment of technologies for optimum designs and optimum operations. The data book accommodates data, arranged in an easy-to-use fashion, collected about verification test facility (interconnected systems, independent systems, and water pump systems) operation, weather conditions, and residential photovoltaic power generation systems. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1998 report on the results of the New Sunshine Project - Development of the commercialization technology of the photovoltaic power system. Verification study of the photovoltaic power system - Research on engineering methods for cost effective PV installation (Data book. Survey of examples of PV systems in the world); 1998 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system no jissho kenkyu (tashu secchi koho no kenkyu kaihatsu (bessatsu data shu sekai no taiyoko hatsuden system jirei chosa))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting installations of PV system and making use of the unused space for which a rise in the PV demand equal to that in houses, building roofs, etc. is expected, examination/research for much newer forms of land installation are proceeded with, and evaluation/verification of reliability/durability are conducted of new installation processes using thin film solar cells, adhesives, etc. In this fiscal year, for the purpose of contributing to the study to be widely made on various installation processes, the actual survey was conducted of various applications of the system which are being planned and introduced in Japan and abroad. Emphasis was placed on making new forms of installation applicable to Japan clear. Concretely, in addition to the study of new examples, the following were conducted: renewal of existing details of the survey, and electronic filing of system block charts/pictures as a key to the information supply by electronic media such as CD-ROM. Also conducted was a study for translating the contents into English or writing them both in Japanese and English. Further, the database was made newer using these results of the most up-to-date survey, and at the same time, the results were indicated of the statistical analysis of the usage, system form, power generation scale and element equipment of various systems. (NEDO)

  11. Vitamin D deficiency and its predictors in a country with thirteen months of sunshine: the case of school children in central Ethiopia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolassa Wakayo

    Full Text Available Studies examining vitamin D status among children living in sunny climates indicated that children did not receive adequate vitamin D, however, this has not been looked at among children living in Ethiopia. In this study, we determined vitamin D deficiency and its predictors among school children aged 11-18 years, examining circulating 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OHD]. The school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in schools in Adama Town (n = 89 and in rural Adama (n = 85 for a total sample of 174. Students were randomly selected using multi-stage stratified sampling method from both settings. Socioeconomic status of parents and demographic, anthropometric, sun exposure status and blood 25(OHD levels were obtained. Vitamin D deficiency, defined as circulating levels of 25(OHD <50 nmol/L, was found in 42% of the entire study participants. Prevalence of deficiency was significantly higher among students in urban setting compared to rural (61.8% vs 21.2%, respectively, p<0.001. After controlling for potential confounders using multivariable logistic regression model, duration of exposure to sunlight, amount of body part exposed to sunlight, place of residence, maternal education, body fatness, having TV/computer at home and socioeconomic status were significant predictors of vitamin D deficiency. The findings suggest that Vitamin D deficiency was prevalent in healthy school children living both in urban and rural areas of a country with abundant year round sunshine providing UVB, with the prevalence of deficiency being significantly higher among urban school children who were less exposed to sunlight. Behaviour change communication to enhance exposure to ultraviolet light is critical to prevent vitamin D deficiency in tropical country like Ethiopia. Further study is required to assess the deleterious effect of its deficiency on bone mineral homeostasis of growing children in Ethiopia during their most critical period of bone development.

  12. Late Miocene-Pleistocene evolution of a Rio Grande rift subbasin, Sunshine Valley-Costilla Plain, San Luis Basin, New Mexico and Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruleman, C.A.; Thompson, R.A.; Shroba, R.R.; Anderson, M.; Drenth, B.J.; Rotzien, J.; Lyon, J.

    2013-01-01

    The Sunshine Valley-Costilla Plain, a structural subbasin of the greater San Luis Basin of the northern Rio Grande rift, is bounded to the north and south by the San Luis Hills and the Red River fault zone, respectively. Surficial mapping, neotectonic investigations, geochronology, and geophysics demonstrate that the structural, volcanic, and geomorphic evolution of the basin involves the intermingling of climatic cycles and spatially and temporally varying tectonic activity of the Rio Grande rift system. Tectonic activity has transferred between range-bounding and intrabasin faults creating relict landforms of higher tectonic-activity rates along the mountain-piedmont junction. Pliocene–Pleistocene average long-term slip rates along the southern Sangre de Cristo fault zone range between 0.1 and 0.2 mm/year with late Pleistocene slip rates approximately half (0.06 mm/year) of the longer Quaternary slip rate. During the late Pleistocene, climatic influences have been dominant over tectonic influences on mountain-front geomorphic processes. Geomorphic evidence suggests that this once-closed subbasin was integrated into the Rio Grande prior to the integration of the once-closed northern San Luis Basin, north of the San Luis Hills, Colorado; however, deep canyon incision, north of the Red River and south of the San Luis Hills, initiated relatively coeval to the integration of the northern San Luis Basin.Long-term projections of slip rates applied to a 1.6 km basin depth defined from geophysical modeling suggests that rifting initiated within this subbasin between 20 and 10 Ma. Geologic mapping and geophysical interpretations reveal a complex network of northwest-, northeast-, and north-south–trending faults. Northwest- and northeast-trending faults show dual polarity and are crosscut by north-south– trending faults. This structural model possibly provides an analog for how some intracontinental rift structures evolve through time.

  13. Apple fruit diameter and length estimation by using the thermal and sunshine hours approach and its application to the digital orchard management information system.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming Li

    Full Text Available In apple cultivation, simulation models may be used to monitor fruit size during the growth and development process to predict production levels and to optimize fruit quality. Here, Fuji apples cultivated in spindle-type systems were used as the model crop. Apple size was measured during the growing period at an interval of about 20 days after full bloom, with three weather stations being used to collect orchard temperature and solar radiation data at different sites. Furthermore, a 2-year dataset (2011 and 2012 of apple fruit size measurements were integrated according to the weather station deployment sites, in addition to the top two most important environment factors, thermal and sunshine hours, into the model. The apple fruit diameter and length were simulated using physiological development time (PDT, an indicator that combines important environment factors, such as temperature and photoperiod, as the driving variable. Compared to the model of calendar-based development time (CDT, an indicator counting the days that elapse after full bloom, we confirmed that the PDT model improved the estimation accuracy to within 0.2 cm for fruit diameter and 0.1 cm for fruit length in independent years using a similar data collection method in 2013. The PDT model was implemented to realize a web-based management information system for a digital orchard, and the digital system had been applied in Shandong Province, China since 2013. This system may be used to compute the dynamic curve of apple fruit size based on data obtained from a nearby weather station. This system may provide an important decision support for farmers using the website and short message service to optimize crop production and, hence, economic benefit.

  14. Technical survey of the New Earth 21. DNE-21 simulation database; Chikyu saisei keikaku gijutsu chosa. DNE21 simulation database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report describes calculation codes of DNE-21 which can simulate the optimization model for reducing CO2. The improvement of it is also described. The DNE-21 was modified from the former NE-21. The term was set between 2000 and 2100. Optimization can be conducted across the different time. Non-conventional petroleum was removed from the primary energy. Capacity of nuclear power generation facilities was taken in the model for the optimization. Decision making analysis can be done by considering the uncertainty. In addition, energy saving effect can be incorporated by introducing innovated technologies, and methanol synthesis from CO2 can be treated. For the absorption of CO2 in air by biomass, the absorption amount was assumed to be in proportion to the afforestation area. The afforestation costs were given in individual grades. Furthermore, a carbon circulation model was linked, by which the CO2 concentration in air in the future can be predicted from the artificially emitted CO2 amount. 2 figs.

  15. Risk of field cultivation of pickling cucumber caused by unfavorable sunshine duration conditions Risco do cultivo de campo de pepino decapado causado por condições desfavoráveis de duração de brilho solar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Kalbarczyk

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Solar energy, accessible to plants during sunshine from the sunrise to the sunset is of key importance in productivity of agrocenoses. The aim of the work was to determine risk of pickling cucumber cultivation caused by an unfavorable course of sunshine duration in Poland on the basis of a 40-year research period 1966-2005. The research into the subject was undertaken due to frequent occurrence of sunshine deficiency in Poland and its high temporal and spatial variability. Effect of solar conditions described by sunshine duration in the five development stages on the quantity of the total and marketable yield of cucumber with consideration of a linear trend of an independent variable was determined by means of multiple regression analysis. The accuracy of the equations was evaluated on the basis of, among other things, determination coefficient, average relative forecast error and the indexes: mean bias error (MBE, mean absolute bias error (MABE and root mean square error (RMSE. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. yield was confirmed for the period from the end of emergence to the beginning of flowering and from the beginning of harvesting to the end of harvesting. Cucumber yield was lower by 18% than the multiannual average in the years 1966-2005 every 1.5-2 years -in the case of the occurrence of the shortage in the period from the end of emergence to the beginning of flowering and by 12-15% every 2-3 years in the period from the beginning of harvesting to the end of harvesting. In four years, out of the 40 considered ones, simultaneously in both cucumber development stages, unfavorable solar conditions occurred, causing reduction by at least 5% in the total yield of the plant in Poland, and in three years - the marketable yield.A disponibilidade de energia solar para as plantas desde o nascer ao por do sol é de fundamental importância para todo agronegócio. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o risco da produção de pepino (Cucumis sativus

  16. FY 1998 result report on development of superconductive power application technologies. Pt. 1. Research and development of superconductive wire materials / Research of a total system / Research and development of a freezing system / Demonstration tests; 1998 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu. 1. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Superconductive technologies are introduced into electric power devices for attempts of achieving higher stabilization, density and efficiency, as well as size and weight reduction and improvement in performance of the devices. The project has been worked on since fiscal 1998 as part of the New Sunshine Project. Fiscal 1998 being the eleventh year has taken the following subjects as the research promotion policies: establishment of plans targeted at accomplishment of the goals of the project; adequate and reliable implementation of verification of technological assignments; and steady and efficient demonstration tests. Subsequent to the previous year during which site demonstration tests were completed on a low-speed responsive model machine, the site demonstration test has begun on the ultra high-speed responsive model machine as the final stage of the project. The ultra high-speed responsive model machine was coupled with a freezing system and a load synchronizing machine, and different kinds of test were carried out where good results were obtained. Researches were conducted on characteristics improvement and device element technologies aimed at achieving the practical application level by utilizing the respective features of AC metal-based wires and oxide-based wires, where sound results were obtained. Also in an improved freezing system, valuable data were attained as part of establishing the basic technologies for a superconductive power generation system. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1999 Technical research and development for environmentally friendly and highly efficient energy utilization system. Technical research and development for highly efficient and effective energy utilization (Technical research and development for optimum system designs - Part 3); 1999 nendo kankyo chowagata kokoritsu energy riyo system kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 3. Kokoritsu energy yuko riyo gijutsu no kenkyu (saiteki system sekkei gijutsu no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    Research and development program is conducted for the elementary techniques as part of the eco-energy urban project of New Sunshine Project. Described herein are the FY 1999 results for the (techniques for transportation and storage of energy (continued), energy supply and utilization, reducing environmental loads, and designing the optimum systems). The R and D on heat transfer system through the vacuum heat insulation pipes involves fabrication, on a trial basis, the vacuum insulation covers for the vacuum insulation tubes, joints, flanges and valves for the 80A pipes, and the heat loss evaluation test for each item. The R and D on the energy supply and utilization techniques involves the heat transfer systems for a variety of fuels by the highly functional heat pump, and compression/absorption hybrid type heat-utilization system. The hybrid type heat-utilization system simulation results suggest possibility of achieving exergy efficiency of 56% as the development target by use of the new medium. The R and D on the environmental load reduction involves the power-saving type heat pump systems which use a natural coolant. (NEDO)

  18. Development in fiscal 1998 of technology to put solar systems for industrial use into practical use. International joint technology development for solar energy utilization systems; 1998 nendo sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyo energy riyo system kokusai kyodo gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The solar energy utilizing technologies having been developed under the Sunshine Project were used to have executed the international joint technology development on the 'solar heat utilizing drying system' in the Republic of Indonesia. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1998. In operating the pilot plant, three operational experiments out of seven experiments were carried out only by Indonesian engineers. As a result of the drying experiments, the heat collecting characteristics of the collector were as about half at 19 to 30% as the efficiency assumed in the design of 50%. The reason for this can be attributed to the fact that the cover glass used in the demonstration test in Japan had light permeability of about 87%, but the cover glass used in the test plant was made of frosted glass whose light permeability was about 37%. This glass is the only glass available for a heat collector in the solar heat hot water device in Indonesia, but is unsuitable for the heat collector. Another cause was that the insolation at the site was lower by about 30% than the one used at the design stage. (NEDO)

  19. Progresso da ferrugem e da cercosporiose do cafeeiro consorciado com grevílea, com ingazeiro e a pleno sol em Lavras - MG Progress of rust and coffee plant cercosporiose mixed with grevílea, with ingazeiro and in the full sunshine in Lavras - MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Grandi Salgado

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Com o presente trabalho, objetivou-se avaliar a incidência da ferrugem e da cercosporiose do cafeeiro em diferentes sistemas de cultivo, agroflorestais e a pleno sol, através da curva de progresso dessas doenças. Utilizou-se o delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com três tratamentos e sete repetições. Os tratamentos foram compostos por cafeeiros consorciados com ingazeiro, cafeeiros consorciados com grevílea e cafeeiros cultivados convencionalmente a pleno sol. As avaliações foram realizadas mensalmente no período de abril de 2001 a março de 2003. Realizou-se o cálculo da área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD, a qual foi submetida à análise de variância. Para a incidência da ferrugem do cafeeiro o consórcio cafeeiro x ingazeiro mostrou-se com maiores índices da doença, sendo que os tratamentos consórcio cafeeiro x grevílea e cafeeiro a pleno sol não diferiram entre si e apresentaram menores incidências da doença. Diminuição na luz solar direta e maior umidade podem ter favorecido a ferrugem no sistema cafeeiro x ingazeiro. Para a incidência de cercosporiose, os cafeeiros a pleno sol obtiveram maiores valores de incidência da doença, seguidos por cafeeiros x grevílea, e menores taxas da doença foram observadas no consórcio cafeeiros x ingazeiro. A incidência de radiação solar direta pode ter favorecido a maior incidência de cercosporiose nos cafeeiros a pleno sol.The present work aimed to evaluate the incidence of rust and coffee plant cercosporiose in different systems of agroforest cultivation and in the full sunshine through the progress curve of those diseases. The completely randomized design with three treatments and seven replicates was utilized. The treatments were made up of coffee plants mixed with ingazeiro, coffee plants mixed with grevílea and coffee plants cultivated conventionally in the full sunshine. The evaluations were performed monthly during the period of April 2001 to

  20. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on development of technologies for practical photovoltaic system under New Sunshine Program. Manufacture of thin-film solar cell / low-cost and large-area module / next-generation thin-film solar cell (Manufacture of thin-film polycrystalline solar module); 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, jisedai usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (usumaku takessho taiyo denchi module no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Fiscal 1997 is the first year of another 4-year-long research and development phase. In addition to researches for improving on thin-film polycrystalline Si cell efficiency that have been under way, new efforts are started, which include the development of practicality-conscious thin film producing technologies aiming at higher throughput and yield and the development of modularization process technologies which are necessary for putting thin-film cells to practical use. Concerning the formation of a power generation layer on a polycrystalline Si thin film formed by the ZMR (zone-melting recrystallization) process, studies are conducted for improvement on its throughput and yield using a new CVD (chemical vapor deposition) unit. A method of modularization is evaluated, which involves a laminate of a thin-film cell attached to a resin-coated, reinforced glass substrate and an EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) back film. A remarkable achievement is earned toward the practicalization of technologies of thin film formation enhanced in quality and throughput and technologies of thin film modularization. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the achievements in the projects subsidized by the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Data 3. Development of a coal liquefaction technology - development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction technology - 'development of a brown coal based solvent extraction plant' (Development of a 50-t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 3). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Developmental researches were carried out on a liquefaction plant for the Victoria brown coal produced in Australia (a 50-t/d pilot plant). In fiscal 1981, detailed design was performed on the primary hydrogenation system by using the process conception and the design data obtained in the element studies. Part of the devices was procured, and the site construction was begun. The present data is a collection of drawings in relation with the instrumentation design, such as the meter specifications, front view drawings for meter panels, drawings for panel arrangement in the central control room, a computer room layout drawing, control system explanation drawings, interlock diagrams, and the instrumentation power supply diagrams. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1998 result report. Study of a total system for the development of superconductor power application technology (Feasibility study of commercialization of superconductivity technology and study of the introductory effect. Future superconductivity technology development in Japan); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu total system nado no kenkyu chodendo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kanosei oyobi donyu kokanado no chosa (Nippon ni okeru chodendo gijutsu kaihatsu no kongo no hokosei)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    As a part of the New Sunshine Project, 'an R and D project on superconductor power application technology,' an examinational study was made as a mini project to clarify the developmental course for commercialization of superconductor technology. The superconductor technology is being watched with interest as a technology in the 21st century. In the application to the electric power/energy field, in particular, expected are the energy saving effect by high operation efficiency, excellent environmentality, developmental potentiality of new equipment/system by the application of ferromagnetism, etc. Accordingly, the paper analytically arranged the needs of superconductor devices in Japan and abroad and the technology seeds corresponding to the needs, and prepared the developmental subjects of superconductor technology. These developmental steps and the mutual relationship were expressed in an R and D framework. At the same time, as to the superconductivity, a survey outlined the projects carried out in each government office in Japan. The future developmental course was indicated, and proposals were made on the equipment/system as object which are the subjects for urgent development for commercialization. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1999 research and development of technologies for practical application of photovoltaic power generation systems. Development of ultrahigh-efficiency crystalline compound solar cell manufacturing technology (Survey of peripheral element technologies - Survey of environmental adaptation of next-generation solar cell development); 1999 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chokokoritsu kessho kagobutsu taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (shuhen yoso gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu - jisedai taiyo denchi kaihatsu kankyo tekioka chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Surveys are conducted of photovoltaic power system development projects and their utilization in Japan and overseas, and a discussion is made on the progress, technical challenges, effects, and implementation systems relating to the solar cell application technology development project under the New Sunshine Program. Compiled in the report are the results of surveys of the research and development of photovoltaic power systems and their diffusion in the U.S. and European nations, and the research and development strategies for and the trends of the development of various types of solar cells in these countries. The trends of research and development of non-conventional type solar cells are also collected, which include 3 cases of TPV (thermophotovoltaic) devices, 5 cases of new inorganic materials, 1 case of new organic materials, and 4 cases of dye-sensitized solar cells. In relation to the status of resources of crystalline compound-based solar cell materials, raw materials for solar cells other than silicon are taken up, and their reserves, manufacturing methods, quantities yielded and consumed, costs, etc., are surveyed. These are all taken into consideration in discussing the basic approach to the study of future research and development as it ought to be. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1999 report on the results of the superconductive energy application technology development/research on a total system, etc. Survey of potentiality of the commercialization of superconductive technology, effects of the introduction, etc. (Future course of the superconductive technology development in Japan); 1999 nendo chodendo denryoku oryokuyo gijutsu kaihatsu total system nado no kenkyu. Chodendo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kanosei oyobi donyu koka nado no chosa (Nippon ni okeru chodendo gijutsu kaihatsu no kongo no hokosei)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    By the use of superconductive technology, the following are aimed at: marked reduction in power loss of electrical equipment and power transmission path, and size/weight reduction in electrical devices by high current/magnetic flux density. The superconductive technology has advantages such as great energy saving effect, CO2 reduction and global environmental preservation. As an example, concerning the superconductive generator now being developed under the New Sunshine Project, power loss can be reduced by half, and by the use of high magnetic field, size/weight can be reduced such as reduction in rotor diameter and reduction in weight by half. Further, as an innovative system, cited are the superconducting magnetic energy storage system (SMES) and flywheel energy storage system. The superconducting magnetic levitation railway, medical use MRI, etc. have also innovativity which is difficult to get in the conventional technology. Effects are also expected of introducing the process development using superconducting magnet such as magnetic separation, electromagnetic metallurgy, electromagnetic agitation and monocrytal growth convection control. Also cited is Josephson electronic device. High performance SQUID in bio-magnetic/non-destructive inspection is also expected to be developed. (NEDO)

  5. Color landscape plan of the concrete Consideration on the harmony of concrete and landscape; Konkurito no shikisai keikan keikaku. Keikan to konkurito no chowa wo kangaeru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akiyama, Hiroshi [Landscape Planning and Design with Concrete and Color, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-03-10

    In Ministry of Construction, they positively promote the natural river make, and they have announced the basic design with the aim of river which does not use the concrete and river in which the concrete is not seen. It is the design control in using the concrete to be necessary for this. They introduced color landscape plan of the pile block of the concrete as a case in aiming at the harmony of concrete and landscape of being more concrete. They introduced concrete product which could express the local color characteristics of colors of the concrete which it does not suit for the landscape, usage of the concrete, concrete of the warm color, colors of concrete product of France, examples of the Disneyland, colors concrete lied, landscapes and cost, etc. (NEDO)

  6. Study on the detached house plan using of a maximum natural energy. Part 1; Shizen energy fukugo riyo no keikaku ni kansuru kenkyu. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wada, I.; Mino, M.; Miyata, T.; Okawa, M. [Nihon University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    The geographical position or environment is set on the assumption that the natural energy of a detached house is used in a hybrid state. Moreover, the energy consumption of the house and the natural energy supply obtained from the geographical position were compared and investigated. As a result, the energy consumption is 10,617 kWh, and the energy supply is 8,236 kWh. About 78% of the whole consumption can be theoretically made from natural energy. The energy supply is calculated on the low side during prediction. Therefore, an increase in the energy supply is expected by installing a solar collector based on solar energy, expanding the solar panel area, and increasing the number of wind mills. However, this energy is partially lost via an inverter while it is supplied to the general domestic equipment. At the six main points in Tokyo and its districts, the adaptability of natural energy used based on the regional characteristics is investigated presently and the installation of a system is examined. 13 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

  7. Residual life evaluation of thermal power plants (RET) project. Part 2. Phase II of Ret project; Setsubi shindan gijutsu jissho shiken. 2. Phase II (keikaku oyobi chukan hokoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujii, K.; Murao, S.; Tomita, A.; Saito, K. [Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-04-15

    Studies are made to systematize damage assessment steps for the management of remaining life for long-used power generation facilities, and a demonstration test is conducted. In the demonstration test, a unit, out of the units constituting a supercritical pressure plant, with its service time exceeding 10,000 hours is selected and the welding heat affected zone of the thick parent metal section of its superheater outlet pipe is examined. The test is conducted by means of hardness measurement, structure comparison method, electrical resistance measurement, parameter A method, crystal grain deformation method, void area rate method, ultrasonic method, and analytical method, and the results are examined. The damage assessment system in this report is defined as a system in which the degree of damage of equipment may be evaluated in a simplified way by use of non-destructive techniques, to be constituted of a damage mode selecting system for each part involved, primary damage evaluation system, and a damage evaluation technological database. In the structure inspection method demonstration test conducted for a real casting machine, specimens collected from high temperature/stress zones and low temperature/stress zones are subjected to an iso-stress test and creep discontinuance test for the collection of creep-related data. 1 ref., 22 figs., 15 tabs.

  8. Three-dimensional seismic survey planning based on the newest data acquisition design technique; Saishin no data shutoku design ni motozuku sanjigen jishin tansa keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minehara, M.; Nakagami, K.; Tanaka, H. [Japan National Oil Corp., Tokyo (Japan). Technology Research Center

    1996-10-01

    Theory of parameter setting for data acquisition is arranged, mainly as to the seismic generating and receiving geometry. This paper also introduces an example of survey planning for three-dimensional land seismic exploration in progress. For the design of data acquisition, fundamental parameters are firstly determined on the basis of the characteristics of reflection records at a given district, and then, the layout of survey is determined. In this study, information through modeling based on the existing interpretation of geologic structures is also utilized, to reflect them for survey specifications. Land three-dimensional seismic survey was designed. Ground surface of the surveyed area consists of rice fields and hilly regions. The target was a nose-shaped structure in the depth about 2,500 m underground. A survey area of 4km{times}5km was set. Records in the shallow layers could not obtained when near offset was not ensured. Quality control of this distribution was important for grasping the shallow structure required. In this survey, the seismic generating point could be ensured more certainly than initially expected, which resulted in the sufficient security of near offset. 2 refs., 2 figs.

  9. Electrical properties of smectites; Smectite nendo kobutsu no denkiteki bussei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takakura, S.; Nishizawa, O.; Aoki, M. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan); Kozake, K. [University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    With an objective to evaluate effects of clayish minerals in the electric and electromagnetic exploration methods, resistivities were measured on samples which have adjusted contents of clayish minerals. Samples were prepared for an experiment by mixing 300 g of glass beads having a diameter of about 1 mm, 200 g of aqueous solutions, and 3 to 90 g of smectites. The aqueous solutions used KCL, NaCL and CaCL2 at concentrations of 0.1 to 0.001 mol/L. The result of the experiment may be summarized as follows: among the three kinds of smectites, KN-1 has the greatest effect to reduce the resistivity; the resistivity decreases when the smectite amount is increased except when the concentration of the solution is high; this phenomenon is thought to be caused by increase in the region of an electrically doubled layer which has higher ion concentration; change in the resistivity increases when the solution concentration is low, and decreases when the concentration is high; and in the case of the solution concentration being 0.1 mol/L, the resistivity increases with increase in the smectite content. 5 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  10. FY1995 research on humanoid; 1995 nendo humanoid kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The future robot must be a sensor-complex with high intelligence and flexible mechanical body. The purpose of the project is to improve the basic technologies by making a prototype of the human-like robot to work with human using various communication channels such as voice, facial expressions, and motion of the head, eyes, arms and legs. The following basic technologies are successfully developed and two humanoid robots were built as the total systems. They can perform some physical works communicating with human. Moreover these robots were connected to ISDN network for the experiments of tele-robotics. 1. a environment and human face understanding using vision and audition. 2. a speech conversation under the ordinary room environment. 3. a human machine communication using gesticulations. 4. a flexible human-like robot head, arms and hands. 5. a biped walking using the dynamic balance control. (NEDO)

  11. 77 FR 14773 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... Standards. E-6 RM11-16-000 Transmission Relay Loadability Reliability Standard. E-7 RM11-20-000 Automatic...-7-000 Magellan Pipeline Company, L.P. Hydro H-1 P-14107-000 Lock+Hydro Friends Fund I. H-2 P-739-026...

  12. 77 FR 74842 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    .... E-9 RM12-9-000 Regional Reliability Standard PRC-006-SERC-01-Automatic Underfrequency Load Shedding...) LLC. Hydro H-1 P-13213-004 Lock 14 Hydro Partners, LLC. P-13214-004 Lock 12 Hydro Partners, LLC. H-2 P...

  13. 78 FR 68134 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... President and CEO 2. Report of the Finance, Rates, and Portfolio Committee A. Financial Performance Update B.... Report of the People and Performance Committee A. Fiscal Year 2013 Performance and Compensation B. Board Chair 4. Report of the Audit, Risk, and Regulation Committee A. Accounting Treatment of Regulatory...

  14. 76 FR 2928 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    .... Briefing on Safety Culture Policy Statement (Public Meeting). (Contact: Diane Sieracki, 301-415-3297.) This.../policy-making/schedule.html . The NRC provides reasonable accommodation to individuals with disabilities... send an e-mail to [email protected] . Dated: January 12, 2011. Rochelle C. Bavol, Policy...

  15. 76 FR 1653 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... Monday, January 24, 2011 1 p.m. Briefing on Safety Culture Policy Statement (Public Meeting) (Contact... Meeting Schedule can be found on the Internet at: http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/policy-making/[email protected] . Dated: January 6, 2011. Rochelle C. Bavol, Policy Coordinator, Office of the Secretary...

  16. 75 FR 80083 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ..., January 24, 2011 1 p.m. Briefing on Safety Culture Policy Statement (Public Meeting), (Contact: Diane.../about-nrc/policy-making/schedule.html . * * * * * The NRC provides reasonable accommodation to.... Rochelle C. Bavol, Policy Coordinator, Office of the Secretary. BILLING CODE 7590-01-P ...

  17. 77 FR 304 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ... Stakeholders Related to the Safety Culture Policy Statement (Public Meeting) (Contact: Diane Sieracki, (301... send an email to [email protected] . Dated: December 29, 2011. Rochelle C. Bavol, Policy...

  18. 75 FR 82094 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ....m. Briefing on Safety Culture Policy Statement (Public Meeting.) (Contact: Diane Sieracki, 301-415... found on the Internet at: http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/policy-making/schedule.html . * * * * * The NRC...

  19. 77 FR 40910 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... Review) (Stainless Steel Bar from Brazil, India, Japan, and Spain). The Commission is currently scheduled... July 26, 2012. 5. Outstanding action jackets: none. In accordance with Commission policy, subject...

  20. 76 FR 22078 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Oanh Tran, BBG Special Projects Officer. CONTACT PERSON... above, the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) determined to conduct a meeting closed to the public... to public observation. The Board also determined that shorter than usual notice for a meeting was...

  1. 76 FR 55871 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    .... Enders Wimbush--Yes Ann Stock, Acting Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs--Yes TO BE... Weil, Senior Advisor to the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs Oanh Tran, BBG... meeting closed to the public pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b(c)(9)(B) because, according to Office of Management...

  2. 75 FR 79375 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... consider a Notice of Inquiry concerning the transition from the current, voice-only 911 system to a... preserve the open Internet as a platform for innovation, investment, competition, and free expression. The...

  3. 77 FR 54910 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... the expansion of the Bank's financial commitments in Sub- Saharan Africa under the loan, guarantee... challenges and opportunities for U.S. exporters. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION: The meeting will be open to public... may also file written statement(s) before or after the meeting. If any person wishes auxiliary aids...

  4. 78 FR 7415 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... and listen to the meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and CNCS will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they...

  5. 77 FR 2277 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and the Corporation will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over...

  6. 76 FR 63908 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... call this number and listen to the meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and the Corporation will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections to the toll- free telephone number. Replays are...

  7. 78 FR 57844 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ... public may call this number and listen to the meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and the Corporation will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections to the toll-free telephone number...

  8. 78 FR 76108 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-16

    ... member of the public may call this number and listen to the meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and CNCS will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections to the toll-free telephone...

  9. 76 FR 35419 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    .... Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and the Corporation will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line...

  10. 77 FR 61399 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and the Corporation will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections to the toll-free...

  11. 78 FR 41035 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... public may call this number and listen to the meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and the Corporation will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections to the toll-free telephone number...

  12. 77 FR 40023 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    .... Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and CNCS will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections...

  13. 75 FR 57905 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... member of the public may call this number and listen to the meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and the Corporation will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections to the toll-free telephone...

  14. 77 FR 4997 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... member of the public may call this number and listen to the meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and the Corporation will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge for calls they initiate over land-line connections to the toll- free...

  15. 77 FR 26254 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... public may call this number and listen to the meeting. Callers can expect to incur charges for calls they initiate over wireless lines, and CNCS will not refund any incurred charges. Callers will incur no charge...

  16. 77 FR 33736 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ... Regarding Market Risk Amendment. Memorandum and resolution re: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Regarding Basel III General Approaches Rule. Memorandum and resolution re: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Regarding Basel III Advanced Approaches Rule. Memorandum and resolution re: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking...

  17. 76 FR 55871 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    .... The BBG will receive and consider recommendations regarding a proposed new strategic plan and the... Broadcasting Networks regarding programming coverage updates. The BBG will also receive an update on digital...

  18. 78 FR 10640 - Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... NSF Strategic Plan Update Study on Trends in Science Budgets Other Committee Business Committee on... Application Taking Advantage of Digital Delivery for Indicators: Project Update Discussion of Potential Topics...

  19. 77 FR 13634 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... present at a meeting of said Commission, which started at approximately 12 p.m., on Thursday, February 9... Commissioners prior to the conduct of any other business. Upon motion duly made, seconded, and carried, the...

  20. 77 FR 53911 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-04

    ... present at a meeting of said Commission, which started at approximately 12:00 p.m., on [[Page 53912... submitted to the Commissioners prior to the conduct of any other business. Upon motion duly made, seconded...

  1. 78 FR 49290 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-13

    ... at a meeting of said Commission, which started at approximately 11:00 a.m., on Thursday, August 8... Commissioners prior to the conduct of any other business. Upon motion duly made, seconded, and carried, the...

  2. 78 FR 28000 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... at a meeting of said Commission, which started at approximately 11:00 a.m., on Tuesday, May 7, 2013... the conduct of any other business. Upon motion duly made, seconded, and carried, the following...

  3. 78 FR 29697 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    .... Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution Program Report; (7) Education Programs Report; (8) Strategic..., filing of petitions and applications and agency #0;statements of organization and functions are examples...

  4. 75 FR 36066 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    .... CDT (Morning Session), 1-4 p.m. CDT (Afternoon Session). PLACE: Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, 301..., Washington, DC 20005, or by fax at 202-566-1392. All requests must include a description of what will be said...

  5. 75 FR 61711 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). PLACE: Sheraton Pasadena Hotel, 303 East Cordova Street, Pasadena... testimony to be published at http://www.eac.gov . All requests must include a description of what will be...

  6. 78 FR 73191 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... in advance and provide your name, date of birth, and social security number (SSN) or passport number... premises and personnel. In order to do this, we may disclose your information consistent with the routine... collect your information by 12 U.S.C. 243 and 248, and Executive Order 9397. In accordance with Executive...

  7. 77 FR 32637 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... provide your name, date of birth, and social security number (SSN) or passport number. You may provide... order to do this, we may disclose your information consistent with the routine uses listed in the... information by 12 U.S.C 243 and 248, and Executive Order 9397. In accordance with Executive Order 9397, we...

  8. 76 FR 36923 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... notify us in advance and provide your name, date of birth, and social security number (SSN) or passport... premises and personnel. In order to do this, we may disclose your information consistent with the routine... collect your information by 12 U.S.C. 243 and 248, and Executive Order 9397. In accordance with Executive...

  9. "Sunshine": mission to reignite the sun

    CERN Multimedia

    Ebert, Roger

    2007-01-01

    "As a permanent winter settles upon the Earth, a specaship is sent on a desperate mission to drop a nuclear device into the sick sn and "reignite" it. To name the ship "Icarus I" seems like asking for trouble in two ways, considering the fate of the original Icaru and the numeral that omniously leaves room for a sequel." (1 page)

  10. 77 FR 33458 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    ... Minutes for the Meeting of May 24, 2012. Draft Advisory Opinion 2012-17: Red Blue T LLC, Armour Media, Inc... Democratic Central Committee (A09-07). Management and Administrative Matters. Individuals who plan to attend...

  11. 75 FR 21605 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... part of the Board's E-Government initiative, the meeting will be presented live through Internet video... Safety Board. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions of the ``Government... ). [[Page 21606

  12. 75 FR 64367 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ..., October 26, 2010 9:30 a.m. Briefing on Security Issues (Closed--Ex. 1) Week of November 1, 2010--Tentative... Bethesda North Hotel, 5701 Marinelli Road, Rockville, MD 20852. Wednesday, October 20, 2010 9 a.m. Briefing on Medical Issues (Public Meeting). (Contact: Michael Fuller, 301-415-0520.) This meeting will be...

  13. 77 FR 64835 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ...:30 p.m. Briefing on Security issues (Closed Ex-1) * The schedule for Commission meetings is subject...), Marriott Bethesda North Hotel, 5701 Marinelli Road, Rockville, MD 20852 Thursday, November 8, 2012 9:30 a.m. Discussion of Management Issues (Closed--Ex. 2) Week of November 12, 2012--Tentative There are no meetings...

  14. 75 FR 62894 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ..., October 26, 2010 9:30 a.m. Briefing on Security Issues (Closed--Ex. 1). Week of November 1, 2010... Bethesda North Hotel, 5701 Marinelli Road, Rockville, MD 20852. Wednesday, October 20, 2010 9 a.m. Briefing on Medical Issues (Public Meeting), (Contact: Michael Fuller, 301-415-0520). This meeting will be...

  15. 78 FR 73189 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... Certain Covered Companies and Certain Covered Insured Depository Institutions, under Title I of the Dodd.... Discussion Agenda: Memorandum and resolution re: Final Rule--Prohibitions and Restrictions on Proprietary Trading and Certain Interests in, and Relationships With, Hedge Funds and Private Equity Funds. Memorandum...

  16. 76 FR 3625 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... LNG, LLC. C-2 CP10-194-000 Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC. C-3 CP07-414-002 Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. C-4 CP11-34-000 Golden Pass Pipeline LLC. Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary. A free webcast of...

  17. 77 FR 10784 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION Finance, Budget & Program Committee of the Board of...: Erica Hall, Assistant Corporate Secretary, (202) 220-2376; [email protected] . Agenda: I. Call to Order II. Executive Session III. Financial Report IV. NFMC Interest Income Budget V. Lease Update VI. Corporate...

  18. 78 FR 9988 - Sunshine Act; Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    .... Report of the Finance, Rates, and Portfolio Committee A. Financial Performance Update 4. Report of the Nuclear Oversight Committee 5. Report of the People and Performance Committee A. Corporate Goals 6. Report...

  19. 75 FR 47582 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    .... ACTION: Notice of Public Meeting and Hearing Agenda. DATE AND TIME: Wednesday, August 18, 2010, 1-4:30 p.m. EDT. PLACE: Hyatt Regency Grand Cypress, 1 Grand Cypress Boulevard, Orlando, FL 32836, (407) 239-1234. MEETING AGENDA: The Commission will hold a public meeting to discuss the following matters: (1...

  20. 77 FR 13158 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ...' Conditional Motion to Suspend Pilgrim Nuclear Power Plant License Renewal Proceeding Pending Resolution of... information from the public meetings in another format (e.g. braille, large print), please notify Bill Dosch...

  1. 77 FR 47814 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... Birmingham Hotel, Birmingham Ballroom, 21010 Richard Arrington Jr. Blvd. N., Birmingham, AL 35203. Briefing... Immigration Laws. I. Introductory Remarks by Chairman II. Panel I: Speakers' Remarks III. Panel I: Questions... Pamela Dunston at (202) 376-8105 or at [email protected] at least seven business days before the...

  2. 75 FR 72842 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... USAJOBS 2. The First Hurdle: Winnowing the Applicant Pool 3. Self-Assessment of Performance and...? 6. Choosing Between Internal and External Hiring Supervision and Leadership 7. Recruiting for the... 11. Dual Career Tracks for Supervisors and Technical Specialists 12. Leadership in Public Service...

  3. 75 FR 75699 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Parole... Law 94-409) Agency Holding Meeting Department of Justice, United States Parole Commission. Time and... Parole Commission meeting: 1. Approval of Minutes September 9, 2010 Quarterly Business Meeting. 2...

  4. 77 FR 479 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... concerning the status of actions related to unresolved technical safety issues in the design of the Waste... Recommendation 2011-1, Safety Culture at the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant, which was issued on June 9, 2011. The Board will also examine the link between the safety culture of DOE and its contractors and...

  5. 78 FR 41908 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-12

    ... Process Safety Management standard to require management of change reviews for certain organizational... directive. An August 2012 communication from the Assistant Secretary projected completion of a revision in 6... organizational changes that may impact process safety including: (a) Major organizational changes such as mergers...

  6. 77 FR 22772 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ...-000 City of Holland, Michigan Board of Public Works. E-11 ER09-187-000 Southern California Edison...-409), 5 U.S.C. 552b: Agency Holding Meeting: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Date and Time...

  7. 75 FR 12537 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-16

    ... items on the agenda. All public documents, however, may be viewed online at the Commission's Web site at... Balancing. E-8 RM09-18-000 Revision to Electric Reliability Organization Definition of Bulk Electric System...-018 American Electric Power Service Corporation. EL03-180-047 Enron Power Marketing, Inc. and Enron...

  8. 76 FR 12692 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    ... budget update, an East Asia trip report, and a report from the Director of the International Broadcasting... will: Affirm its 2011 policy statements on sexual harassment and equal employment opportunity; consider...

  9. 75 FR 7150 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-17

    ....3, 515.21, and 520.3--Request for Extension of Time. Contact Person for More Information: Rachel Dickon, Assistant Secretary, (202) 523-5725. Rachel Dickon, Assistant Secretary. [FR Doc. 2010-3063 Filed...

  10. 75 FR 20824 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... on the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc. (``ICE''), the Natural Gas Exchange, Inc. (``NGX'') or the Chicago Climate Exchange, Inc. (``CCX'') perform a significant price discovery function: (1) AECO...

  11. 77 FR 14007 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... unresolved safety issues and development of a sound nuclear safety strategy. To illustrate these challenges, the Board will explore at least two areas of technical concern: erosion/corrosion and pulse jet mixing...

  12. 76 FR 58312 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    .... PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of September 19, 2011 There are no meetings scheduled for the week of September 19, 2011... be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov . Week of October 3, 2011--Tentative Thursday...

  13. 77 FR 17102 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ...' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. ADDITIONAL ITEMS TO BE...-11-13 (Apr. 26, 2011), Docket No. 50- 346-LR (Tentative). This meeting will be webcast live at the...

  14. 77 FR 20077 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of...-0223). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov. Week of April 9, 2012... webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov. Week of April 16, 2012--Tentative There are no meetings...

  15. 77 FR 3513 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ..., 27, 2012. PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of January 23, 2012 There are no meetings scheduled for the week of January 23... (Public Meeting). (Contact: Diane Sieracki, (301) 415-3297.) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web...

  16. 75 FR 12583 - Sunshine Act; Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-16

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. Status: Public and Closed. Week of..., 301-415-3152). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov . Week of...) (Contact: Jose Ibarra, 301-415-2581). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc...

  17. 77 FR 46528 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ...: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. DATES: Week of August 6, 2012. PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. ADDITIONAL ITEMS TO BE CONSIDERED: Week of... Proceeding (June 18, 2012) (Tentative). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov...

  18. 75 FR 13800 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. Status: Public and Closed. Week of... Ibarra, 301-415-2581). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov . Week... live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov . Thursday, April 8, 2010 9:30 a.m. Briefing on Regional...

  19. 78 FR 49306 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-13

    ...' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of August 12...--Tentative Monday August 26, 2013 2:00 p.m. Discussion of Management and Personnel Issues (Closed--Ex. 2 and...) (Contact: Michelle Hayes, 301-415-8375) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov 3...

  20. 77 FR 52072 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of...) (Contact: Richard Correia, 301-251-7430). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov. Friday, September 14, 2012 11:00 a.m. Discussion of Management and Personnel Issues (Closed--Ex. 2 and 6...

  1. 78 FR 36604 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ...' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of June 17, 2013... a.m. Briefing on Security Issues (Closed--Ex. 1) Wednesday, July 10, 2013 9:00 a.m. Briefing on NRC... web cast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov. 10:30 a.m. Briefing on NRC International Activities...

  2. 78 FR 4476 - Sunshine Act; Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of... live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov. 9:00 a.m. Briefing on Public Participation in NRC Regulatory Decision- Making (Public Meeting) (Contact: Lance Rakovan, 301-415-2589). This meeting will be webcast live...

  3. 78 FR 60331 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ..., October 7, 14, 21, 28, November 4, 2013. PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of September 30, 2013 There are no meetings scheduled..., 301-415-1711). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov/ . Friday...

  4. 77 FR 21601 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    .... PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of April 9, 2012 Tuesday, April 10, 2012 9 a.m. Briefing on the Final Report of the Blue...). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov Week of April 16, 2012--Tentative...

  5. 78 FR 77736 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ..., 2013, January 6, 13, 20, 27, 2014. PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of December 23, 2013 There are no meetings scheduled... Casks (Public Meeting); (Contact: Kevin Witt, 301-415-2145) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web...

  6. 75 FR 71472 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. Status: Public and Closed. Week of..., 2010--Tentative Tuesday, November 30, 2010 1 p.m. Briefing on Security Issues (Closed--Ex. 1). Week of... live at the Web address--http:// www.nrc.gov Week of December 20, 2010--Tentative Tuesday, December 21...

  7. 77 FR 40385 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    .... PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and closed. Week of July 9, 2012 Tuesday, July 10, 2012 9:30 a.m. Strategic Programmatic Overview of the... webcast live at the Web address: www.nrc.gov . Week of July 16, 2012--Tentative There are no meetings...

  8. 78 FR 51234 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of... (Closed--Ex. 2 and 6). Tuesday, August 27, 2013 9:00 a.m. Briefing on NRC's Construction Activities (Public Meeting); (Contact: Michelle Hayes, 301-415-8375). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web...

  9. 78 FR 25320 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    .... PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of April 29, 2013 There are no meetings scheduled for the week of April 29, 2013. Week of...) (Public Meeting) (Contact: Kristin Davis, 301-287-0707) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web...

  10. 76 FR 77574 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ..., 16, 2012. Place: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. Status: Public and closed. Week of December 12, 2011 Tuesday, December 13, 2011 9 a.m. Briefing on NFPA 805 Fire Protection (Public Meeting), (Contact: Alex Klein, (301) 415-2822.) This meeting will be webcast live at the...

  11. 78 FR 19757 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland STATUS: Public and Closed Week of... Quash Subpoena Filed by the Shaw Group, Inc. (Tentative) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web... meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov Week of April 8, 2013--Tentative There are no...

  12. 75 FR 23822 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... 3, 10, 17, 24, 31, June 7, 2010. Place: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. Status: Public and closed. Week of May 3, 2010 Tuesday, May 4, 2010 9:30 a.m. Briefing...-2673). This meeting will be Webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov . 10:30 a.m...

  13. 77 FR 61644 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of...: Kevin Mattern, 301-492-3221). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov. Week of...); (Contact: Michael Hay, 817-200-1527). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov...

  14. 78 FR 6150 - Sunshine Act; Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    .... PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of January 28, 2013 Thursday, January 31, 2013 8:55 a.m. Affirmation Session (Public Meeting... be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov. 9:00 a.m. Briefing on Public Participation in NRC...

  15. 76 FR 14107 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ..., 2011. PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and closed. Week of March 14, 2011 There are no meetings scheduled for the week of March 14, 2011... meeting will be Webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov . Week of March 28, 2011--Tentative...

  16. 75 FR 1657 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    .... Place: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. Status: Public and Closed. Week of January 11, 2010 Tuesday, January 12, 2010 9:30 a.m. Briefing on Office of Nuclear...: Marshall Kohen, 301-415-5436.) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov...

  17. 78 FR 79021 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... 30, 2013, January 6, 13, 20, 27, February 3, 2014. PLACE: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of December 30, 2013 There are no... to Dry Casks (Public Meeting) (Contact: Kevin Witt, 301-415-2145). This meeting will be webcast live...

  18. 75 FR 15752 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of...: Jose Ibarra, 301-415-2581.) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov... live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov . Thursday, April 8, 2010 9:30 a.m. Briefing on Regional...

  19. 77 FR 10575 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. STATUS: Public and Closed. Week of... meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov. 9 a.m.--Briefing on Fort Calhoun (Public Meeting) (Contact: Jeff Clark, 817-860-8147). This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www...

  20. 75 FR 22166 - Sunshine Federal Register Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland. Status: Public and Closed. Week of... (Public Meeting). (Contact: Michael Raddatz, 301-492-3108.) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web....) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web address-- http://www.nrc.gov . 10:30 a.m. Discussion of...