WorldWideScience

Sample records for nendo sentan kenkyu

  1. Fiscal 1997 report on the introductory study. Human behavior recognition evaluation technology; 1997 nendo sentan kenkyu hokokusho. Ningen kodo ninchi hyoka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Importance of the human behavior technology was paid attention to to get true safety and comfortableness of life through adaptability of products/systems to all humans. In consideration of the social and technological background, the human behavior recognition evaluation technology avoids economic/social losses caused by accidents and troubles and also provides the safe life environment for living people including the aged. Further, the gist of the project was proposed to make it clear that it can give a course of making things from a viewpoint of development of products dealing with individuals (personal fit) and can give new added values and contribute to heightening of international competitiveness at the same time. Development is made of technology of dividing concrete behavior patterns into types and also accumulating them in usable forms at the time of product design and in emergency and of technology of measuring all the time information on human behaviors in daily life without restrictions and on site. Supporting technology is developed for making the most of behavior information of users for product design and in emergency. Effects of the spread are also estimated. 76 refs., 13 figs., 9 tabs.

  2. Fiscal 2000 research achievement report. Super-advanced electronics technologies development promotion project; 2000 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Cho sentan gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-05-01

    For the construction of a common base of key technologies in the domain of electronics and information with the influence propagating across a wide range of industries, research and development was conducted of technologies of ultrafine working process, technologies of ultimate measurement, analysis, and control, technologies of new functional electronic materials, etc. Studied in the field of electron beam lithography were high precision and large area imaging technology, highly accurate electron optics control system technology, and beam monitoring technology. Studied in the field of ultrashort wavelength electromagnetic wave patterning system technology were proximity ultrashort wavelength electromagnetic wave patterning system technology, reduced ultrashort wavelength electromagnetic wave patterning system technology, and ultrahigh precision new materials patterning technology. Also studied were technologies of super-advanced plasma measurement, analysis, and control, and technology of super-advanced cleaning. In the field of technologies of new functional elements and films, studies were conducted about technologies of highly sensitive GMR (giant magnetoresistive) film and head fabrication process for contact magnetic recording and technologies of a spin-valve head with submicron track width for contact magnetic recording. (NEDO)

  3. Report on achievement for fiscal 1998. Global environment industry technology development promotion project (the advanced technology survey and research project); 1998 nendo seika hokoiusho. Chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kaihatsu suishin jigyo (sentan gijutsu chosa kenkyu jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to structure innovative technologies to solve effectively the global environment problems, it is important to incorporate infra-structural technologies that have been achieved by universities and other research institutions. The fiscal 1998 project has commissioned 25 researches found superior from among research plans that have been invited during fiscal 1997. This paper enumerates the main themes including those under continued research. The research themes include: fixation of phosphor by using photo-energy, utilization of nitrogen fixing bacteria in rice plant roots for the purpose of carbon dioxide reduction, new functional solid ultra-strong acids for clean chemical processes, fixation of warming gases by using ultra critical fluid catalytic reactions, photo-catalysts having microporous structure, whose energy structure is controlled, waste water purification by using stimulation sensitive polymers, a practical and small high-speed environment purification system by means of a simple technology to cultivate high concentration bacteria of microorganisms, fundamental analysis of response to specific wavelength light in photosynthesized microorganisms, bio-remediation utilizing symbiotic systems of plants and bacteria, high efficiency catalysts purposed for total decomposition of water, and separation of carbon dioxide in deep sea bottoms by controlling hydrate crystal growth. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 2000 research achievement report on the research and development of advanced design technologies for system-on-chip; 2000 nendo system on chip sentan sekkei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    Efforts were made to develop technologies for rapid improvement in SoC (system on chip) design productivity. In concrete terms, the concept of V-core (virtual core) was introduced into SoC design for the establishment of reusing technology and design automation in the uppermost stream region of designing. Activities were conducted in the two fields of (1) research and development of V-core based design technology and (2) research and development of a V-core database. Efforts exerted in field (1) aimed at the research and development of system specifications description technology, architecture generation technology, soft V-core internal structure optimization technology, optimized RTL (register transfer level) description generation technology, and system performance verification technology. In field (2), efforts were made to develop core database technology, core development support tools, core verification technology, and design assets verification technology. The system specifications description technology is a technique to define SoC system level specifications (degree of model abstraction). (NEDO)

  5. FY 2000 report on the results of the project for the promotion of industrial technology development for the global environment. Project on the investigational research of high technology; 2000 nendo NEDO seika hokokusho. Chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kaihatsu suishin jigyo - Sentan gijutsu chosa kenkyu jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    High-tech study was conducted for fields of CO2 fixation/effective utilization, technical development of low environmental load substances and technical development of environmentally friendly type production process, and the FY 2000 results were summarized. Out of the proposals for research projects collected in FY 1999, 25 projects that were recognized to be excellent were consigned to contract research. Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth also selected 4 projects for research. Through research activities, 179 projects were made public, and 2 patents were applied for. The number of research themes was 29 including the following themes: development of food resource resistant to the future global environment, study on new circulation type polymer chemical recycling by bio-process, development of dioxin decomposition technology using artificial enzyme and absorption resin, design of rare metal free cathode substance for large lithium ion secondary battery, and reforming of carbon circulation system in the Australian desert by natural humus supply. (NEDO)

  6. Annual Report (No. 2) of Center for Advanced Research of Energy Technology, Hokkaido University; Hokkaido Daigaku energy sentan kogaku kenkyu center nenpo dai 2 go

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Compiled into this report are the activities and achievements of the center in fiscal 1995. Under study in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction are the high-molecular coagulation structure, pyrolysis and carbonization, ignition, complex conversion of resources together with other resources, etc. Under study in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment are catalytic chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and analytical chemistry. Under study in the field of the control of energy conversion are the generation of high-temperature thermal energy and its conversion into electromagnetic energy. In the study of ultimate materials engineering, materials are studied for use under hostile conditions such as in a nuclear fusion reactor. As for papers published in fiscal 1995, there are 9 in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction, 11 in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment, 7 in the field of energy conversion control, 10 in the field of ultimate materials engineering, and 4 in other fields. Published also are 9 articles covering general remarks, interpretations, and reviews. As for academic lectures, 13 are given in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction, 14 in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment, 27 in the field of energy conversion control, and 39 in the field of ultimate materials engineering. (NEDO)

  7. Annual Report (No. 1) of Center for Advanced Research of Energy Technology, Hokkaido University; Hokkaido Daigaku energy sentan kogaku kenkyu center nenpo dai 1 go

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    The activities of the Center cover basic researches into chemistry, physics, and materials necessary for the development of technologies relating to high-efficiency conversion of coal-centered fossil fuel resources and to the security of new energy sources. Studies under way in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction involve the process of transfer of heat and substance in the coal conversion reaction, behavior of short-life intermediate products, and the structure and physical properties of coal as a molecular solid or macromolecule. Studies being conducted in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment include the search for and development of high-efficiency catalysts for coal conversion reaction systems, elucidation of physical and chemical structures of coal and coal-derived oils, energy conversion of the low-entropy type, creation of carbon-based functional materials, etc. Furthermore, research and development is under way for enhanced-efficiency conversion of high-temperature thermal energy acquired by fossil fuel combustion into electrical energy and for materials that will constitute nuclear fusion reactors and atomic reactors and will withstand combustion plasma. (NEDO)

  8. Annual Report (No. 4) of Center for Advanced Research of Energy Technology, Hokkaido University; Hokkaido Daigaku energy sentan kogaku kenkyu center nenpo dai 4 go

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Compiled into this report are the activities and achievements of the center in fiscal 1997. Under study in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction are the high-molecular coagulation structure, pyrolysis and carbonization, ignition, complex conversion of resources together with other resources, etc. Under study in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment are catalytic chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and analytical chemistry. Under study in the field of the control of energy conversion are the generation of high-temperature thermal energy and its conversion into electromagnetic energy. In the study of ultimate materials engineering, materials are studied for use under hostile conditions such as in a nuclear fusion reactor. As for papers published in fiscal 1997, there are 18 in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction, 10 in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment, 13 in the field of energy conversion control, and 17 in the field of ultimate materials engineering. Published also are 10 articles covering general remarks, interpretations, and reviews. As for academic lectures, 26 are given in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction, 13 in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment, 29 in the field of energy conversion control, and 45 in the field of ultimate materials engineering. (NEDO)

  9. Annual Report (No. 3) of Center for Advanced Research of Energy Technology, Hokkaido University; Hokkaido Daigaku energy sentan kogaku kenkyu center nenpo dai 3 go

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Compiled into this report are the activities and achievements of the center in fiscal 1996. Its studies in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction involve the high-molecular coagulation structure, pyrolysis and carbonization, ignition, complex conversion of resources together with other resources, etc.Under study in the field of carbonaceous resources evaluation are catalytic chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and analytical chemistry. Under study in the field of the control of energy conversion are the generation of high-temperature thermal energy and its conversion into electromagnetic energy. In the study of ultimate materials engineering, materials are studied for use under hostile conditions such as in a nuclear fusion reactor, atomic reactor, and combustion plasma. As for papers published in fiscal 1996, there are 19 in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction, 17 in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment, 6 in the field of energy conversion control, and 26 in the field of ultimate materials engineering. Published also are 8 articles covering general remarks, interpretations, and reviews. As for academic lectures, 31 are given in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction, 20 in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment, 30 in the field of energy conversion control, and 38 in the field of ultimate materials engineering. (NEDO)

  10. Annual Report (No. 5) of Center for Advanced Research of Energy Technology, Hokkaido University; Hokkaido Daigaku energy sentan kogaku kenkyu center nenpo dai 5 go

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Compiled into this report are the activities and achievements of the center in fiscal 1998. Under study in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction are the high-molecular coagulation structure, pyrolysis and carbonization, ignition, complex conversion of resources together with other resources, etc. Under study in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment are catalytic chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and analytical chemistry. Under study in the field of the control of energy conversion are the generation of high-temperature thermal energy and its conversion into electromagnetic energy. In the study of ultimate materials engineering, materials are studied for use under hostile conditions such as in a nuclear fusion reactor. As for papers published in fiscal 1998, there are 24 in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction, 8 in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment, 10 in the field of energy conversion control, and 17 in the field of ultimate materials engineering. Published also are 4 articles covering general remarks, interpretations, and reviews. As for academic lectures, 21 are given in the field of carbonaceous resources conversion reaction, 25 in the field of carbonaceous resources assessment, 23 in the field of energy conversion control, and 47 in the field of ultimate materials engineering. (NEDO)

  11. FY1995 research on humanoid; 1995 nendo humanoid kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The future robot must be a sensor-complex with high intelligence and flexible mechanical body. The purpose of the project is to improve the basic technologies by making a prototype of the human-like robot to work with human using various communication channels such as voice, facial expressions, and motion of the head, eyes, arms and legs. The following basic technologies are successfully developed and two humanoid robots were built as the total systems. They can perform some physical works communicating with human. Moreover these robots were connected to ISDN network for the experiments of tele-robotics. 1. a environment and human face understanding using vision and audition. 2. a speech conversation under the ordinary room environment. 3. a human machine communication using gesticulations. 4. a flexible human-like robot head, arms and hands. 5. a biped walking using the dynamic balance control. (NEDO)

  12. Report on the survey in fiscal 1998. Systematic arrangement of environment technologies. 5 (Application of advanced technologies to environmental measures); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kankyo gijutsu ni kansuru taikeiteki seiri. 5 (sentan gijutsu no kankyo taisaku eno oyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Global environment handling technologies were investigated and put into order. Universities often make research and development on themes that can be handled at laboratory levels or by simulations. Development at a practical application level is few. Technological seeds may include manufacture of hydrogen by water and steam decomposition using solar energy, and new synthesizing reactions utilizing solar energy. Included may also be urban type wind power generation, superconductive energy storage systems, biomass utilization, and natural energy utilization. Furthermore, CO2 recovery and utilization by liquefaction, alkaline metal heat power generation, and pulse power technologies can also be found. Studies on applying advanced technologies to environmental measures include composite materials, membrane separation, photo-catalysts, optical elements, porous bodies, functional polymers, bio-reactors, electron beams, and aeration. Private corporations are working noticeably on prevention of fluorocarbon and dioxin emission, PCB treatment and waste water treatment technologies, catalyst application technologies, recycling technologies, and incineration ash treatment and utilization technologies. (NEDO)

  13. R and D on new energy technologies. Outlines of fiscal 1976 research results; Shin energy gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1976 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Kenkyu kaihatsuhi kamihanki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-07-01

    This report outlines the results of (1) 8 researches on solar energy technology, (2) 4 researches on hydrogen energy, and (3) 4 general researches. (1) includes the prototype measuring instrument of near IR solar direct radiation using an interference filter to measure solar spectral irradiance, the prototype small-scale solar heat power model system, selective absorption and transmission films as solar heat power generation materials, InP solar cell and new solar cell system configuration, micro-wave power transmission of solar energy, and the expansion turbine using low-boiling point coolant for space power generation. (2) includes the hydrogen energy system, high-temperature thermolysis of water at 1,000 degrees C, prototype zirconia single-crystals for new solid electrolyte fuel cells, and the large-capacity high- temperature solid electrolyte fuel cell power system. (3) includes the total new energy system, the prototype superconducting magnet for energy storage, study on mechanism of an anomalous absorption effect by irradiation of strong laser beam onto high-temperature high-density ionized gas, and low-temperature difference power generation in the ocean. (NEDO)

  14. Research and development project plans for FY 1995; 1995 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    The present research and development project plans for FY 1995 administrated by NEDO consist of research and development of new energy, and research and development of industrial technology. Are illustrated further enhancement of new energy introduction promotion measures, new stage of international projects, promotion of new energy and new energy technology development, further enhancement of industrial and scientific technology research and development, integrated measures against global and urban environment problems, and budget of NEDO projects in FY 1995. The research and development of new energy includes coal conversion technology, solar energy technology, geothermal energy technology, energy conversion and storage technology, hydrogen, alcohol and biomass energy technology, geothermal energy resources, coal resources development, new energy promotion department activities, NEDO information center activities, and so on. On the other hand, the research and development of industrial technology includes research and development of industrial technology, and global environment technology. The research and development of industrial technology consists of superconductivity, new materials, biotechnology, electronics, information and communications, machinery and aerospace, natural resources, humanity, life and society, and various leading researches.

  15. Comprehensive research cooperation in environmental technology in fiscal 1995; 1995 nendo kankyo gijutsu sogo kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Cooperative study was conducted on research subjects concerning water pollution preventive technologies in China and Thailand. In China, straw pulp mills were studied which were in the Institute of Light Industry Environmental Protection and the Environmental Engineering Course of Jinghua University. The following studies were jointly conducted: survey of the water quality pollution caused by waste water, investigational study on production technology and waste water treatment technology, extraction of technologies effective to preserve water quality, study/evaluation of economical efficiency of the said technologies, etc. In Thailand, cooperative research was conducted on automatic measuring technology for factory waste water in a model industrial estate of the Thai National Industrial Estate Corporation. Items for the study were a study on measuring technology for water quality environment, an investigation on the status of water quality environment in the model industrial estate, a study on automatic measuring technology for plant waste water, a study on how to use measuring data in the model industrial estate, etc. Every study enabled technical data accumulation at every research institute through field research exchanges. 24 refs., 91 figs., 45 tabs.

  16. Fiscal 1998 research report on super compiler technology; 1998 nendo super konpaira technology no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For next-generation super computing systems, research was made on parallel and distributed compiler technology for enhancing an effective performance, and concerned software and architectures for enhancing a performance in coordination with compilers. As for parallel compiler technology, the researches of scalable automated parallel compiler technology, parallel tuning tools, and an operating system to use multi-processor resources effectively are pointed out to be important as concrete technical development issues. In addition, by developing these research results to the architecture technology of single-chip multi-processors, the possibility of development and expansion of the PC, WS and HPC (high-performance computer) markets, and creation of new industries is pointed out. Although wide-area distributed computing is being watched as next-generation computing industry, concrete industrial fields using such computing are now not clear, staying in the groping research stage. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1998 Annual report on researcher exchange project; 1998 nendo kenkyu koryu chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys were conducted on, e.g., problems involved in and current state of receiving foreign students and exchanging researchers, and US systems for these activities, in order to help establish the effective systems for these activities while focusing on global utilization of researchers. For problems involved in the atmospheres in Japan for receiving foreign students and researchers, the surveyed items include those problems involved in the academic atmospheres, living/employment, administrative systems, and establishment/enrichment of the systems for receiving foreign students. Opinions of foreign students studying at their expenses are also included. For problems involved in exchanging Asian researchers, the surveyed items include current state of researchers crossing the borders and obstacles to the international exchange. For the US systems receiving foreign researchers and sending American students to foreign countries, the surveyed items include current state of Americans studying in foreign countries, foreign students and teachers in advanced educational institutes, backward flow of scientists and engineers to the Asian countries, and international comparison in training scientists and engineers in advanced educational institutes. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1992 survey report. Survey of research trends in search for important research domains; 1992 nendo juten kenkyu ryoiki tansaku no tame no kenkyu doko chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    For contribution of suggestions for establishing directions and concrete tasks for new industrial technology research and development projects, a survey is conducted about trends of industrial technology development and into research domains where importance will gather in the future, for which development trends are studied such as limiting, providing of intelligence, and advanced composition. In this report, domains expected to become important in the future are investigated. Important subjects are found in the domains of the space limiting (micromachining, atom/molecule manipulation, microanalysis, etc.), the time limiting (super-spacetime processing, quantum device, femtosecond technology, 4-dimensional device, etc.), biomimetics and providing of intelligence (intelligent material, neural network, genetic algorithm, artificial life, sensor fusion, intelligent robot, etc.). In addition to these, 'ultrastructure that learns from organisms,' 'intensive interaction system,' and 'nonlinearity/chaos technology' are proposed as promising fields of development. Since Japan is traditionally strong in hardware technologies relating to micromachining and substance/material processing, good results will be attained when the industrial, governmental, and academic circles exert endeavors. (NEDO)

  19. Leading research report for fiscal 1998 on the next-generation cold emission technology; 1998 nendo jisedai cold emission gijutsu no chosa kenkyu sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The report covers the fruits of researches into technologies of cold emission control and cold emission application conducted in fiscal 1998. In the study relative to the current status of cold emission control technology, emitter materials that govern electron emitting characteristics are discussed, such as metallic materials, silicon, carbon systems, semiconductors, liquid metal, etc. In relation with the application of semiconductor process technology, the tunnel emitter is taken up that utilizes the semiconductor tunnel cathode. In relation with the cold emission process, an emitter high in aspect ratio is described, obtained by the inductive emitter deposition method in which organic metallic gas is decomposed by an electron beam. In the study of the cold emission control system and instrumentation, the merits and demerits of control by MOSFET (MOS field effect transistor) are discussed. In relation with the technology of cold emission application, FED (field effect display) development and problems, current status of sensor technology and problems, RF application technology, application to power systems, etc., are mentioned. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1993 Research and development of advanced ceramic gas turbines. Researches on social adaptability; 1993 nendo senshingata ceramic gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shakai tekigosei kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-05-01

    The ceramic gas turbines (CGT's) for, e.g., cogeneration and portable power generation systems are studied and evaluated for their environmental preservation, energy saving and economic characteristics. Types of utilization and market sizes are also studied for, e.g., portable power generation systems. The items studied include current status of cogeneration systems in USA, and recognition of cogeneration systems in Japan. The study results lead to the conclusions that the biaxial CGT for portable power generation systems is a promising substitute for diesel engines as the power source in the future, and 300kW class CGT's will have the markets of 170,000 units and potentially 450,000 units, because of their expected wide applicability. The studies on their economic, energy-saving and environmental load reduction effects indicate that one unit brings the economic effects totaling 616,000 yen, due to reduced fuel consumption and NOx abatement. They could reduce NOx emissions by 8,090 t/y for automobiles and 6,570 t/y for the others, when they fill the potential markets. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the fiscal 1996 research cooperation promotion project, `the research cooperation diagnosis survey`; 1996 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo `kenkyu kyoryoku shindan chosa` hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A diagnosis survey was conducted for Japan to cooperate in researching subjects on technical development in developing countries. In fiscal 1996, surveys were made on the following: (1) establishment of the industrial base (Vietnam), (2) preservation of biological diversification and the continuous utilization (Brazil), (3) fostering of the industry of automobile parts (Thailand), (4) finding out of items on environment related fields (India), (5) environmental response type system for effective use of water resource (the Philippines), (6) small size geothermal exploration in remote islands (Indonesia). (1) is research cooperation for welding technology, powder metallurgy technology, hypoid gear manufacturing technology, and iron making technology by the direct reduction method. In (2), research/development are conducted in cooperation with research institutes in Brazil on survey/identification/utilization of bioactive substances from biological resources in Brazil. In (4), an examination was made of the seeds for research cooperation in technical fields such as environment and energy. Having a strong relation with the industrial circle, SCIR is carrying out researches on aerospace, petrochemical, biology, electronics, medicines/drug, etc., which indicated fulfillment of intellectual infrastructure in India. 52 figs.

  2. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1976. (Electrotechnical Laboratory/Research and development cost); 1977 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo (kenkyu kaihatsuhi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-07-01

    This paper describes achievements in research and development of new energy technologies (the Sunshine Project) in fiscal 1997 at the General Research Institute for Electronics Technologies. In spectral radiance measurement of solar beam, the measurement is continued in ultraviolet and visible ray zones to accumulate and analyze the data, and a near infrared zone measuring device is completed to start the measurement. In solar heat power generation, studies are made on models, devices and materials, and discussions are given on their systematization. Fundamental studies are also being made on solar cells to pursue economical and technological feasibility of solar beam power generation systems. Fundamental studies are being performed to realize thermal electron power generation systems utilizing solar furnaces. Studies are being carried out to elucidate fundamental conditions for a hydrogen manufacturing method using high-temperature pyrolysis of water at 1,000 degrees C or higher. High-temperature solid electrolyte fuel cell elements are fabricated on a trial basis to elucidate the technological problems therein. Energy systems are identified as the sum including the mutual relationship between societies and nature to study optimal systems. Energy conversion utilizing low temperature differential (especially in marine application) is being discussed. The paper also describes studies on super-conducting magnets for energy storage. (NEDO)

  3. Report on preceding researches in fiscal 1998 on the survey and research on conjugate materials; 1998 nendo conjugate material no chosa kenkyu sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research and development has been made on the 'conjugate materials (CM)' , the innovative materials in which ultra fine inorganic and organic structural units of molecular levels are introduced to be oriented regularly in glass matrix to respond to external force conjugately. The current fiscal year reported items having been made clear by further surveys and researches on CM as proposed by the fundamental surveys having been done as the second year. Section 1 summarizes significance of the research and development; Section 2 reports the result of the CM research and survey and the subjects related to application areas of CM; Section 3 reports the result of the CM market research performed newly in the current fiscal year; Section 4 reports the contents and result of the questionnaire survey to glass related small enterprises as to what interest these enterprises will have upon assuming that these CM products have been realized; Section 5 reports the result of surveys on patents and literatures related to photonics; and Section 6 states future problems in the CM research and development, and summarizes the future prospects of CM. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1992 survey report. Survey of research trends in search for important research domains; 1992 nendo juten kenkyu ryoiki tansaku no tame no kenkyu doko chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    For contribution of suggestions for establishing directions and concrete tasks for new industrial technology research and development projects, a survey is conducted about trends of industrial technology development and into research domains where importance will gather in the future, for which development trends are studied such as limiting, providing of intelligence, and advanced composition. In this report, domains expected to become important in the future are investigated. Important subjects are found in the domains of the space limiting (micromachining, atom/molecule manipulation, microanalysis, etc.), the time limiting (super-spacetime processing, quantum device, femtosecond technology, 4-dimensional device, etc.), biomimetics and providing of intelligence (intelligent material, neural network, genetic algorithm, artificial life, sensor fusion, intelligent robot, etc.). In addition to these, 'ultrastructure that learns from organisms,' 'intensive interaction system,' and 'nonlinearity/chaos technology' are proposed as promising fields of development. Since Japan is traditionally strong in hardware technologies relating to micromachining and substance/material processing, good results will be attained when the industrial, governmental, and academic circles exert endeavors. (NEDO)

  5. Report on the fiscal 1995 research cooperation promotion project, `the research cooperation diagnosis survey`; 1995 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku suishin jigyo `kenkyu kyoryoku shindan chosa` hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A diagnosis survey was conducted for Japan to cooperate in researching subjects on technical development in developing countries. In fiscal 1995, surveys were made on the following: (1) recycling technology of biomass industrial waste in the tropical region, (2) small size geothermal exploration in remote islands, (3) waste water recycling system using activated carbon, etc., (4) upgrading of proofreading technology of measuring standards, (5) technology to simply set up conditions for forming engineering plastics, (6) assessment of safety of chemical substances. In (1), energy and useful matters are recovered from oil palm of Indonesia by thermal decomposition technology. In (2), a system is constructed which can effectively explore geothermal energy in remote islands in the east Indonesia. As to (3), a survey is conducted in the Philippines. (4) contributes to upgrading of length measuring standards in Thailand. (5) attempts to improve technology of forming engineering plastics. In (6), research cooperation is made for preventing environmental pollution and health damage by chemical substances from happening in Thailand and for technology for assessing safety of chemical substances which contributes to the proper use of the hazardous material law in Thailand. 28 figs.

  6. FY 1997 research and development of fusion domains. Part 2. Studies on bionic design; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho (yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu). 1. Bionic design no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Studies were conducted on actuator function in bio materials, cells, structures, and living organisms, and on structuring a biological molecule machine. In the study on soft biological structures, biological compatibility of artificial glass bodies using ultra-polymeric PVA was found very high, raising expectation on feasibility of their practical use. Three-dimensional structure of glass bodies was made clear for the first time in the world. As a result of separating and purifying cells from a liver for the first time in the world, it was indicated that excellent proliferation performance and differentiation into cells are shown. With regard to hydroxyapatite in hard biological structure such as bones and teeth, single crystals were synthesized, and growth rate on the surface C was measured successfully. For molecular motors, studies are being performed on functions of twin-head structure in biological protein enzyme. In molecule structuring, studies were conducted on preparation of a hydrogenase LB membrane as an electric-hydrogen energy conversion element, and structuring of protein molecular structure using gene recombination. 69 refs., 37 figs., 8 tabs.

  7. Fiscal 1999 leading research report. High strain-rate super-plasticity (Leading research); 1999 nendo kosoku chososei kenkyu hokokusho. Sendo kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For solving the global warming problem and constructing the resource recycling society, a demand for highly recyclable light-weight Mg alloys is increasing for energy saving and recycling improvement, in particular, for automobiles and electrical appliances. However, use of Mg materials is limited because its poor workability. This research targets development of the material with a rich recyclability and a rich workability for forming complex shapes, and its working technology. Leading research was made on development of the continuous high-strain rate (more than 10{sup -2}/s) super- plasticity material forming process from raw materials to products of Mg alloys, and establishment of the production technology free from technological barriers. The research result showed that for the recognition of Mg alloy as low- environment load super light-weight industrial material, establishment of the composite resource-saving energy-saving production process including recycling and reusing is necessary at the same time as establishment of the high- strain rate super-plasticity material forming process. (NEDO)

  8. FY 2000 research cooperation project on the support for heightening of capability of research institutes; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kenkyu kikan noryoku kojo shien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of supporting the heightening of capability of research institutes in the following 7 countries, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, India and Vietnam, exchanges/guidance/training were conducted by sending researchers from Japan and inviting researchers to Japan. Japanese researchers were sent for the following: cleaner technology in fiber dyeing finish (Thailand), 3 cases including the survey of the actual state of underground water pollution caused by harmful pharmaceuticals (the Philippines), 2 cases including the energy recovery in the fiber dyeing industry (Indonesia), making of energy management rules in the industrial field (Malaysia), spread of the photovoltaic power generation to areas where there is no electricity service in Tibet (China), 3 cases including the personnel development in the environmental management field of electric power companies (India), and 2 cases including the information exchange program in the energy conservation field (Vietnam). A total of 74 researchers were invited to Japan, that is, to the environmental protection training course of Japan. (NEDO)

  9. 2nd Industry-Academia Research Exchange Conference. Research report for fiscal 1992; Dai 2 kai sangaku kenkyu koryukai. 1992 nendo kenkyu hokoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-06-24

    The above-named conference was convened on June 24, 1993, hosted by the Photovoltaic Power Generation Technology Research Association. The research achievement reports made at the event were 'Thermodynamic evaluation of boron in silicon' by Professor Sano of Tokyo University, 'Solar cell system payback time' by Professor Komiyama of Tokyo University, 'Delta-doped amorphous silicon solar cell' by Professor Konagai of Tokyo Institute of Technology, 'Interaction of silicon thin film and atom-state hydrogen' by Professor Shimizu of Tokyo Institute of Technology, 'Simulation of solar module characteristics' by Professor Saito of Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 'Manufacture of CuInSe{sub 2} thin film for solar cell' by Professor Kunioka of Aoyama Gakuin University, 'Solar cell material/process characterization by use of photoluminescence surface state spectroscopy' by Professor Hasegawa of Hokkaido University, 'Research on tandem solar cell using compound-on-silicon semiconductor crystal' by Professor Umeno of Nagoya University, and 'Efficiency improvement in amorphous Si/polycrystalline Si tandem solar cell' by Professor Hamakawa of Osaka University. (NEDO)

  10. Leading research in fiscal 1996. Research study on advanced measurement/analysis technology; 1996 nendo sendo kenkyu. Kodo keisoku bunseki gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For development of production technologies suitable for environment, safety and advanced information-oriented society by improving the flexibility of production lines, some new measurement technologies were researched. Problem solution was attempted by combining the in-situ multi-dimensional measurement technology capable of easily obtaining various 3-D information with the non-contact photon measurement technology superior in operability and sensitivity under any environment conditions. This solution requires a compact radiation source with higher brightness and wider spectral range, and a high-sensitive detector. The technology concentrating photon onto minute regions, high-efficiency transmission, and control technology of photon wave front are also necessary. Development and international standardization of a common interface is unavoidable. In addition, its network is essential for advanced use of multimedia,. In the future, the comfortable life surrounded by advanced products and multimedia, comfortable social environment, safety and resource saving will be achieved by this technology. 94 refs., 75 figs., 15 tabs.

  11. FY 2000 research cooperation project on plastic processing technology/quality inspection technology; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Plastic kako gijutsu hinshitsukensa gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of improving the production technology of plastic products in Saudi Arabia, the joint development was made of the formation technology/quality inspection technology of agricultural use and food packaging use polyolefin film optimum to environmental conditions of the site, in the light of the needs there, and the FY 2000 results were reported. In the field survey/joint study, for the xenon type weather resistant testing machine and the extruder of the inflation film forming machine which were transported from Japan, the following were carried out: confirmation of the situation of accepting them on the site, functional test of computer of the extruder, installation of the machine testing weather resistance, and the trial operation. In the domestic support study, the extrusion test at laboratory was conducted using the polyethylene resin produced on the site to acquire the basic data for formation stability. Further, the film formation test was made using the equipment with the same specifications as those of the equipment introduced to the site to study the performance of screw extrusion and the formation stability of film. Also conducted were the analytical test/quality evaluation of resin materials/film. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1985-1992 summarized report on the R and D of photoreactive materials; 1985 nendo kara 1992 nendo hikari hanno zairyo kenkyu kaihatsu sokatsu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-12-01

    For the purpose of establishing the basement technology relating to photoreactive materials which make remarkably higher density and larger capacity of the information recording possible, the following were made for photochromic materials and PHB materials: elucidation of the photoreaction mechanism, development of materials, development of material processing/structure technology and development of evaluation technology. The target is to establish the technology of the multiplex recording which is applicable to the super-high density recording in relation to PHB materials/organic photochromic materials which have potentiality of photon-mode recording. PHB materials were developed which have potentiality of 600 wavelength multiple recording and 5 electric field multiple recording in 4.2K and 9 wavelength multiple recording in 77K. Photochromic materials were developed which have high sensitivity and preservation stability and have potentiality of 10 wavelength multiple recording at room temperature. A new photo-recording method was found out by which the orientation of liquid crystal is photo-controlled and potentiality of the multiple polarization was shown. Moreover, the fabrication was successfully made of PHB materials and photochromic materials which make non-destructive readout operation of more than 10{sup 4} times possible. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1974 report. Study on hydrogen combustion technology; 1974 nendo suiso nensho gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-03-01

    In the use of hydrogen as fuel, there is the problem on NOx emission. The amount of NOx emission is not as much as in the use of coal or oil, but is more than in the use of natural gas or town gas. However, it can be said that hydrogen is an ideal fuel if considered that it does not emit other air pollutants such as CO, HC and soot/dust which are usually associated with hydrocarbon base gas fuels, and also that hydrogen forms a circulation system which is ecologically sound. The flame of hydrogen is non-luminous, but the flame temperature is high. The formation of NOx depends strongly upon the flame temperature, and therefore, in the design of hydrogen burner, it is necessary to well mix it with air and to avoid the production of the local high temperature region. Further, when using hydrogen to large boiler, the combustion technology to control NOx reduction is needed. About the hydrogen flame, the matter to be noticed is an experimental result that NOx reduction was observed by adding trace ammonia to hydrogen gas. If this method can be successful, NOx can be reduced with no increase in fuel consumption. It leads to hydrogen's reaching a position of clean energy. (NEDO)

  14. Report on 1981 research result on the R and D of superlattice element; 1981 nendo chokokoshi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Development of basic technology was conducted on a superstructure lattice element. With an objective of developing a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) method, which is the basic technology for preparing the superstructure lattice element, the development of silicon clean surface preparing technology was performed, as were the development of molecular beam source, the development of two-dimensional analytical program for designing the element, etc. For the clean surface, comparison was made on various methods, developing a method capable of making a clean surface usable for the MBE fully by a low temperature process that had been non-existent. This was a low temperature thermal etching method which jointly uses a chemical process and a low warmth process. In the molecular beam source, it was found that a large size was necessary for the purpose of improving the purity of the molecular beam and also the characteristics of an epitaxial film, so that a large molecular beam source was developed. A conventional two-dimensional analytical program was improved and developed for the purpose of designing the superstructure lattice element and clarifying the characteristics. By applying the result to the analysis of the motion of the element with impurities doped in the manner of a superstructure lattice, the effectiveness was confirmed of this analytical method. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1998 report on Japan-Asia international cooperation project; 1998 nendo Nichi Asia kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    For the development of talent, industrial infrastructures, and new industries in countries that received Japanese cooperation, Japanese researchers were sent to universities and research organizations in Asian countries, where they were engaged in joint research and development, which involved (1) micro device technology, (2) technology for manufacturing industrial silica material by chaff incineration, (3) technology for forming and machining of alloys difficult to machine, light in weight, and high in strength, (4) technology for rare metal isolation and refining, (5) cascade-wise utilization and practical application of biomass in Asia, (6) exploration and utilization of microbial resources in Tropical Asia, (7) evaluation of biological resources existing in Southeast Asia and construction of information network, (8) development and evaluation of cultured articular cartilage, (9) technology for utilizing wastewater for production of valuable substances, and (10) studies for utilizing biological resources through utilization of diversity of symbiotic microbes and their adaptability to surroundings. Under item (1), it was planned that ultrasonic micro transducers and micro fluid devices be developed for use in the medical field. (NEDO)

  16. FY1995 basic research for neuroactive materials; 1995 nendo shinkei kino zairyo kaihatsu ni kansuru kiban kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Development of nenroactive materials to improve neuronal defects is one of the most important subjects in Japan that will soon become a aging society. In this project, basic research for neuroactive molecule was performed to develop technology for neuronal regeneration, regulation of synaptic activity and interface between artificial surface and living neurons. A novel neurite promoting factor was discovered and its cDNA was cloned. Mutagenesis in vitro showed that a functional region of this factor located in a polypeptide of less than 50 aminoacids. Using neuronal culture, synapse formation was found to depend on two modes of activities and long-lasting synaptic potentiation was demonstrated to depend on a macromolecules released from pre- or postsynaptic neurons. To regulate nervous activities, photoactivated caged-peptide was developed and confirmed to change in affinity to its receptor. Neurons were cultured on substrates paterned by microlithography. (NEDO)

  17. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Survey on research exchange possibility; 1999 nendo kenkyu koryu kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This survey deals with research institutions of governmental organizations, universities, and business entities for the purpose of discussing the possibility of research exchange standing on a long-term point of view to serve for solving global environment problems, and the way the exchange should be. The research exchange shall cover the areas of trends in research and development of global environment related technologies, themes for the research and development, institutions for the research and development, and exchange of researchers and information with these research organizations. In fiscal 1999, three survey missions were dispatched to cover the following three areas: (1) surveys on research possibility of catalyst development by means of combinatorial chemistry, (2) surveys on research exchange possibility for thermo-chemical solar hybrid fuel production technologies, and (3) surveys on research exchange possibility for structuring function improving technologies of the 21st century type. Each survey mission has visited research institutions of the world to survey the trends in researches related to global environment, and the possibility of exchanging researches with RITE. The visits presented the following conclusions and findings: (1) the research on the combinatorial chemistry in the U.S.A. is still in the initial stage; (2) important findings were obtained when surveys were made on methane reformation utilizing solar heat, and coal gasification technologies in Europe; and (3) surveys were made on pioneering researches on plant molecule physiology in Europe. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Ube); 2000 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Ube) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts continue to develop welfare nursing equipment for helping persons in need of nursing care or handicapped persons who live an independent life. Efforts are exerted in three fields for developing (1) a motor driven wheelchair in which the occupant feels as if driving a car, (2) an online cardiac function monitoring system using a cardiac sound sensor, (3) an automatic pressure belt for patients of postural low blood pressure, (4) and a seated position aiding and stabilizing device for workers with legs not fully useful. In field (1), the steering wheel, brake, and driving system are contrived so that the occupant may easily drive the wheelchair as if in an automobile driver's seat. In field (2), a device is developed to monitor and examine the heart rate and respiration rate, for which a cardiac sensor has to be installed on the water bed or an air mattress. In field (3), a computer controlled automatic pressure belt is developed for patients of myelopathy or cerebrovascular disease. In field (4), a work assisting device is developed to help seated workers with leg troubles. (NEDO)

  19. FY 1998 R and D project on industrial science technology; 1998 nendo ryoshi kino soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The R and D on quantum functional devices (QFDs) were conducted, and the FY 1998 results were summed up. In the comprehensive survey on QFDs, the following were carried out for the efficient R and D promotion: R and D progress state survey/problem extraction/analytical study, technical trend survey, overseas survey ordered from overseas supplier, common basement technology study, etc. In the R and D on technology for QFDs, integration of multivalued logical devices using tunneling control functional devices, integration of logical memory devices using quantum levels, integration of quantum band combination-type multi-functional devices, silicon insulating film tunnel memory devices, assembly quantum dot functional memory, quantum wave switching functional devices, integration of single electron logical devices, integration of CMOS combination-type single electron devices, etc. Moreover, in the development of the basement technology of single electron devices, technology to construct element devices using quantum functions, basement technology of single electron device integration devices, architecture of single electron device information processing circuit system, etc. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the FY 1999 basic research on intelligent structure; 1999 nendo kozo chinoka no kiso kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A concept of a system is constructed in which a series of the flow from the construction of structures to the shape and control in structural phase, repair, and dismantlement is made effective and controllable by giving a function of intelligent structure to structural systems in aerospace/architecture/civil engineering fields. For it, fundamental technologies required for the systems were extracted for construction of the technology system. Further, in relation to the intelligent machinery system including the control method, manipulation, and communication of the structure under the micro-gravity environment required for this system, the basic experiment was conducted at the ground gravity-free experimental center to acquire the effective data. As to the base technology, three fields were studied of the intelligent machinery system including the behavior/control of materials and structure, intelligent robot, and communication. In the experiment on micro-gravity environment, experiments were carried out on the behavior of micro-gravity rover for small planetary probe, inter-satellite group communication, capture of trouble-satellite, development of inflatable structure, and hopping robot. The valuable data were obtained. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 2000 pioneering research on the spintronic device basic technology; 2000 nendo spintronic soshi kiban gijutsu sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Researchers specializing in technologies of magnetism or semiconductor were drafted from the industrial, official, and academic circles, who conducted hearings, patent investigations, overseas surveys, and the like, concerning spintronics. Collected in this report are the outline of the research and development of spintronic device technology, its current state and tasks and its importance from social and economic viewpoints, and the strategy that Japan should follow in the research and development of the technology. Important spintronic device technologies now attracting attention are mentioned below. The nonvolatile magnetic memory device MRAM (magnetic random access memory) is supposed to be the device which will enjoy practical application first among like devices. It is expected that the spin conduction device will lead to novel functions when the possibilities of the spin-dependent electric conduction phenomenon are further pursued. It is hoped that the spin optical device will be used as a light isolator, light spin logic device, field induced variable wavelength laser device, spin laser device, high-speed light switch, and so forth. It is necessary to watch the development of a spin-aided quantum computer which is still at the stage of basic study. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Niihama); 2000 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Niihama) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts are made to develop welfare equipment systems for helping people needing care lead an independent life. In collecting data on the transfer of patients and carrying out research and development in this connection, activities are conducted to develop (1) a transfer wheelchair and a transfer aiding wheelchair, (2) a simplified transfer type toilet, and (3) a tilt mechanism installable on a standard wheelchair. Under item (1), a wheelchair and an auxiliary wheelchair enabling the transfer of a person who cannot move without help between a wheelchair and an automobile are experimentally built. Under item (2), a simplified transfer type toilet to which a single attendant can easily guide the patient from the bed is developed. Under item (3), a tilt mechanism is developed, installable on a wheelchair to recline the same for the aged person to assume a comfortable attitude. In the development of a portable character reading device, a finger tip reader was experimentally manufactured for reading Japanese characters. (NEDO)

  3. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. International study exchange project; 1999 nendo kokusai kenkyu koryru jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Exchange with overseas researchers and research organizations has important significance in promoting research and development toward creating new research areas and structuring new technological systems intended for solving global environment problems. In cooperation with RITE and RITE researchers and relevant learned societies, researchers were invited or dispatched to international conferences and international symposiums with regard to global environment related technologies. In addition to interaction with major overseas research institutions and universities, medium and long-term dispatch and invitation have been performed that are considered to play an important role in future research exchange activities based on the achievements of short-term invitations and dispatches and examinations with potential research exchanges. As a result, domestic and overseas interactions on the latest researches were performed, while basic and applied researches related to global environment technologies are being proceeded also in various areas of studies outside the country. It was identified that these exchange activities have close relationship with research and development of industrial technologies serving for global environment preservation, which are being promoted by RITE. (NEDO)

  4. Outline of fiscal 1970 achievements in research on MHD power generation; 1970 nendo MHD hatsuden kenkyu seika gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1970-07-01

    Compiled are the results of studies conducted in fiscal 1970 on MHD (magnetohydrodynamic) power generation. In the operation test and modification of the 1000kW-class MHD power generator, modification is carried out involving the combustion system, seed collecting method, and power generation channel, and reviews through experiments are conducted about the analysis and control of the boundary layer structure. In the operation test of the MHD power generator designed for prolonged operation, a test operation for resistance to heat and seeds continues more than 100 hours using a cold wall type power generation channel constituted of water cooled ceramics, and the ceramics are analyzed for failure and loss. Studies are also conducted involving MHD power generator heat exchangers, seed collecting methods, electrode materials for MHD power generators, heat-resistant materials for MHD power generators, thermal performance rating for MHD power plants, etc. In the research and development of superconductive electromagnets, superconductive electromagnets are developed and tested for 1000kW-class MHD power generators, and studies are conducted on turbine type helium liquefiers, superinsulated superconductive electromagnetic field generators, etc. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Sapporo); 2000 nendo Welfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Sapporo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Activities are conducted on system technologies for ensuring comfortable living circumstances and thereby helping aged or handicapped people live independently in snowy cold regions. The research and development efforts center about the three fields of (1) in-house systems to help aged or handicapped people live an independent life, (2) in-home care equipment systems suitable for advanced welfare oriented residences, and (3) user interface controllers to improve on operating sensation in a motor driven wheelchair. In field (1), studies involve the development of low floor residences for snowy cold regions, improvement on entrances for independent residences helping the inhabitants lead an independent life, and functionally excellent designs for handrails for steps, stairs, or bathrooms. In field (2), surveys are conducted concerning design improvements and their acceptability relative to a universal welfare equipment controller, optimum sound that welfare equipment alarms should produce, and transfer devices. In field (3), studies are made about motor driven wheelchair controllers. (NEDO)

  6. Outline of fiscal 1967 achievements in research on MHD power generation; 1967 nendo MHD hatsuden kenkyu seika gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1968-09-01

    Compiled are the results of studies conducted in fiscal 1967 on MHD (magnetohydrodynamic) power generation. In the test operation and modification of a 1,000kW-class MHD power generator at the Electrical Research Laboratory, a test is conducted using Faraday-type electrodes. It is then found that this configuration results in a maximum output of approximately 700kW, which is less than expected. In the experimental construction at the Hitachi, Ltd., of a machine capable of a long-term operation, an MHD power generator is built for a continuous operation of 100 hours with an maximum output of 2kW, and a 110-hour power generation is successfully achieved with a maximum output of 1.9kW. In the research and development of heat exchangers, tests are conducted for a bulkhead type heat exchanger, heat accumulator type heat exchanger, molten slag type heat exchanger, and a gas/liquid 2-phase flow type heat exchanger. In the study of heat-resisting insulators, materials based on zirconate, magnesia, thoria, zirconia, etc., are tested. In addition, studies are conducted on electrode materials, superconductive electromagnets (small superconductive electromagnets for MHD power generators, turbine type helium liquefiers, superconductive wires for 70-kilogauss electromagnets, etc.), and thermal performance rating. (NEDO)

  7. FY1995 report on the novel methods for magnetic resonance imaging; 1995 nendo senshin MRI gazoka shuho no kiso kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The purpose of this project is to develop new 2-dimensional ultrafast MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) methods for the Image Guided Cancer Therapy (IGT) and the non-invasive clinical diagnosis. We have developed two MRI methods. They can reconstruct a two dimensional image by only a RF excitation and slow changing of gradient fields. This paper describes theoretically how to apply the RF wave and the gradient in x, y and z direction, respectively. Echo signals are acquired under multi-frequency resonance. The frequency bandwidth of the RF wave adjusts the field of view (FOV) of the imaging plane. Biological effects of the applied RF wave was evaluated by the brain microdialysis. In animal experiments, these was not significant change of neurotransmitters subject to the RF wave. From these theoretical and experimental results, these MRI methods are applicable to IGT and the clinical diagnosis for the cancer and other diseases. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Mizusawa); 2000 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Mizusawa) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For assisting aged people, healthy and living alone, in living without help, activities were conducted for (1) an electrical transmission experiment connecting residences (two, inhabited for the experiment) and a remote location (Techno-House) and (2) the development of a home server equipped with an electrocardiograph. Under item (1), data collected by sensors (occupancy sensor, open/close sensor, flame sensor, waterflow sensor) installed at the residences occupied by aged persons living alone were forwarded to Techno-House via CATV (cable television) and analyzed for the study of elderly people's behavior and daily life pattern. It was found that using this system the behavior of elderly people living alone might be detected even in the absence of their intention to report or communicate. Under item (2), an Ni-based electrode sheet was fabricated and installed in a bed and, via the sheet and a CATV channel, cardiographic waveforms were transmitted to Techno-House where the data were put into an analyzer for the examination of the elderly person's physical conditions. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 2000 pioneering research report on the 3D nanotechnology; 2000 nendo 3D nano technology sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A survey was conducted of the 3D nanotechnology which is a technology that aims to create novel functions and to enhance functions in mechanical engineering through the control of large-area 3-dimensional nano-scale structures. In this fiscal year, trends of research and development and technological tasks were surveyed from the viewpoint of nanomanufacturing technology. Basic processing technologies were surveyed, which included the laser-aided or light-aided micromachining technology, chemomechanical processing technology, and nanoparticle beam-aided processing technology. In the research of mass production technologies, the nanostructure transfer technology superior in capability to the conventional photolithography was taken up. Nanomanipulation technologies were also surveyed, such as atomic/molecular-level observation, assessment, processing, fixation, and the like. Technologies involving machine elements and structures were surveyed, when microactuators and micromechanisms were studied, such as nano-scale functional films. Lastly, a proposition was made about research and development tasks for the future and about how to work on such tasks. (NEDO)

  10. Outline of geothermal energy research and development in fiscal 1999; Heisei 11 nendo chinetsu enerugi kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konishi, T. [Agency of Industrial Science and Tehcnology, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-11-18

    In this paper, the outline of the budget of geothermal energy relation in fiscal 1999, the system of research and development and the outline of research and development are described. Budgets in fiscal 1999 are the general account 17 million yen, the power development special account 3,222 million yen, sum total 323,900 million yen and it is a 33 million yen decrease compared with the preceding year. Within research and development, the following are included as a survey investigation research; a geothermal energy survey and picking technology, a verification investigation of a geothermal energy exploration technique, a deep geothermal resource investigation and an analysis and evaluation therefor. As a development of geothermal energy power plants using hot water, the following are included; development of the 10 MW binary cycle power generation plant, development of the bottom hole information system (MWD) in geothermal well drilling, technology development of the geothermal hot dry rock source system. As an analysis and evaluation of the bottom hole information detection system in geothermal well drilling, the following are included; an analysis and evaluation of the hot dry rock thermal extraction system, an analysis and evaluation of the deep geothermal resources picking technology, an analysis and evaluation of metallic materials for the geothermal deep direction and an analysis and evaluation of high polymer materials for the geothermal deep direction. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1997 achievement report. Research and development of synergy ceramics; 1997 nendo synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research and development is conducted on two subjects, that is, 1) hyper organized structure control technology and 2) structural element control technology. In addition, joint research and development is conducted on the creation of new materials by hyper organized structure controlling, hyper organized structure controlling for ceramics by a structurization reaction process, designing of precursors to ceramics, and the hyper organized structure control for ceramics by nanostructure process control. The joint research and development endeavors further deal with re-entrusted projects which involve researches on sintered structure control by powdery particulate structure control; dynamic process of synergy ceramics; oxynitride liquids, glasses, and glass-ceramics; and multifunctional ceramic laminates for engineering applications. Under subject 1), researches are made on the development of precursors into ceramics by utilizing chemical reactions of organic metal compounds, and analyses are conducted into the effects, exerted by the molecular structures of precursors and the conditions of a reaction for their development into ceramics, on the microstructures and various properties of the ceramics to be composed. Under subject 2), high strength, great hardness, and high resistance to wear are realized by allowing the precipitation of nano-particulates in crystals of a fine and very compact sintered body of alumina. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1995 research for optical diagnosis by contrast agent; 1995 nendo hikari toresa wo riyoshita atarashii bunko shindanhono kiso kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For expanding the optical diagnosis to clinical medicine, we tried to use the several optical characteristics of living tissues in addition to absorption measurements of blood. The scattering and luminescence of the tissue were examined in detail. The final goal of the research is to introduce the contrast agent active in the near-infrared region. (1) We have succeeded in obtaining the scattering and absorption coefficients separately from the time-resolved data of living tissues such as rat head and even human head. Then, based on the basic equations derived from our experiments, the quantification of the absolute absorbance was performed. (2) Using the near-infrared fluorescent dye, Rhodanine 800, we could monitor the energy state of tissues. We concluded that Rhodamine 800 is the possible candidate for energy-reporting contrast agent applicable to near-infrared spectrophatometry. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Chofu); 2000 nendo welfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Chofu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development efforts are exerted to realize (1) a variable function residential circumstance system for the aged people and (2) a medical welfare and life assisting information system for helping the aged or handicapped people lead an independent life. Under item (1), a variable function residential circumstance system under which functions of the residence may be changed dependent upon inhabitants' degree of debility will be developed, and an information system will be developed under which medical welfare assistance and life assistance are integrated. Under item (2), residences, welfare appliances, and nurse/attendant assisting systems will be assessed and examined. In fiscal 2000, under item (1), a variable function residential unit was fabricated and was inhabited experimentally by people approximately 1 to 4 in the degree of need for nursing care, and problems were isolated to be discussed toward putting the system to practical use. Under item (2), physical power required for nursing and attending was measured using medical assistance appliances for in-home nursing care installed at Welfare Technohouse Chofu, and ergonomic studies were conducted with a view to relieving the load to be imposed upon those engaged in the nursing and attending work. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1998 achievement report on welfare technosystem research and development. Kyoto; 1998 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Kyoto) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    To be ready for the computing-everywhere age to come, it is necessary to create environments in which the barrier-free utilization is ensured of various apparatuses of the daily routine, such as various bodily function substituting apparatuses capable of compensating for the degraded functions of disabled or aged individuals. Under the circumstances, a system for building man-machine interfaces in the home or the like is required, and fundamental technologies of architecture and information infrastructure have to be established on which the development of technologies for the field involved will proceed. Concerning the technologies already in existence in this field of research, a survey is conducted of the status of research and development of information interface techniques primarily at Stanford University, and a report is made thereon. Also reported is the information obtained at Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference 1999. The result of a survey of the trend of research and development of the smart house under the TIDE (Technology Initiative for Disabled and Elderly People) project and the result of a survey of an information standardization project for equipment control in Europe are reported, and the result of a survey of the approach of Kyoto's welfare apparatus distributors to the development of equipment is made known. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1999 achievement report. Research and development of synergy ceramics; 1999 nendo synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Studies are conducted on three subjects, which are the development of 1) high-temperature energy materials technology, 2) ultrasophisticated materials technology, and 3) high-performance active materials technology. Under subject 1), high-strength porous materials are to be developed, which are resistant to heat and corrosion, tolerant of damage and deformation, and light in weight. In addition, relative to fluid transmission, materials are to be developed, which are highly resistant to heat, corrosion, and thermal impact, and capable of separating and removing particulates of powder dust. Under subject 2), efforts are under way to develop two technologies, related to materials creation and their application. The former technology involves the development of a process of simultaneously equipping materials with high wear resistance, desired friction factors, and desired mechanical and thermal characteristics; a process of equipping them with a trace damage detecting function; and a process of simultaneously equipping them with functions of restoration from accidents and of self-lubrication. Relative to the latter technology, efforts are conducted, in coordination with the endeavors for the above-said materials creation technology, to develop materials and their application with attention paid to some specified functions. Under subject 3), self-complete type ceramic materials not requiring an external driving power source are to be developed, in which a selective cleaning function and environmental energy conversion function are amalgamated. (NEDO)

  16. Outline of fiscal 1969 achievements in research on MHD power generation; 1969 nendo MHD hatsuden kenkyu seika gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1969-07-01

    Compiled are the results of studies conducted in fiscal 1969 on MHD (magnetohydrodynamic) power generation. In the operation test and modification of the 1,000kW-class MHD power generator, the operation test continues from the preceding fiscal year using high-temperature air as oxidant, and the growth of boundary layer in the channel is determined. In the operation test of the MHD power generator designed for prolonged operation, insulation walls, electrode materials, and structures capable of prolonged operation are developed and tested. In the research of MHD power generator heat exchangers, studies are made about the bulkhead type and heat accumulator types (stationary type, rotary type, and falling-grain type). In addition, studies are conducted about seed collecting methods, MHD power generator electrode materials, heat-resisting insulators, and thermal performance rating. In the research and development of superconductive electromagnets, studies are conducted about superconductive electromagnets for 1kW MHD power generators, ferromagnetic superconductive electromagnets for 1,000kW-class MHD power generators, 45-kilogauss col type superconductive electromagnets, turbine type helium liquefier, high current density col type superconductive electromagnets, superinsulated magnetic field generators, etc. (NEDO)

  17. FY1995 study of feedback type gait training system; 1995 nendo feedback gata hoko kuren sochi ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The purpose of this project is to develop and demonstrate the utility of feedback type gait training equipment designed for the measurement and evaluation by a walking training of the aged or patient. As similar concepts of walking training, a locomotion in the water for the aged is applied in rehabilitation. Our development of this study established the system of a suspending mechanism which revolves around the prop, and a walking on the circular type force plate by the aged or patient. It is possible to detect a walking reaction force of several patients from force plate simultaneously. And then, the data from force plate makes feedback signal to put up the patient like a buoyancy in the water. Concerning the evaluations of walking pattern a step range, a hanging ratio and a walking speed, etc. are acquired for each patient by the acknowledgment base. This system is actively able to perform a walking training continuously compared with conventional passive gait equipment. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1998 achievement report on welfare technosystem research and development. Tokushima; 1998 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Tokushima) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The project aims to construct a real-time system capable of searching a wider living area through establishing a management system centralized by remote control by improving on radio transmitters in a communication network and on a central station communication control system centering about a health and welfare office, for alleviating the burden of the nursing of old persons who wander, for preventing them from accidents attributable to wandering, and for finding and protecting them in time. For the construction of such a system, surveys and studies are conducted for the preparation of fundamental designs for personal data files on individuals carrying radio transmitters, monitor screen manipulation, program for acquiring information from a transmitter about its current position and for receiving information from the terminal station, and a frequency selecting program or the like to give instructions to the terminal station to probe the frequency on which the missing person's transmitter operates. In this fiscal year, specifications are studied of software programs based on data obtained from an experiment conducted for the practical application of a search network system utilizing the currently available radio direction finding technique, which effort is exerted mainly at the infirmary of Hanoura-cho, Tokushima Prefecture. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Kamogawa); 2000 nendo welfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Kamogawa) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of assisting in-home medical care, a system to enable in-home acquisition, compression, accumulation, distribution, and regeneration of auscultatory sounds (cardiac sound, respiratory sound) is added to telemedicine assisting system technologies for remotely located doctors' decisions and instructions for in-home medical care. In fiscal 2000, for improvement on the already-developed system, operationality was improved, uptake was realized of still images (digital camera pictures) mainly for diseases in dematology where such is strongly demanded, and a transmitter function was augmented. The system enables the PHS (personal handyphone system) aided exchange of medical data between portable terminals on patrol and (doctors') personal computers through the personal computer server in the hospital. Doctors are able to administer remote telemedicine now that biomimetic information on remotely located patients such as still medical images and auscultatory sounds necessary for diagnosing is available in the hospital. (NEDO)

  20. Summary of research achievements in fiscal 1980 in research and development of new energy technologies (Research and development expense); Shin energy gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1980 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Kenkyu kaihatsuhi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-07-01

    This paper describes the achievements in fiscal 1980 of new energy research at the General Research Institute of Electronics Technologies using the NEDO's development expense. To optimize the heat and electric power composite solar system, analyses were performed on heat production, devices and materials, and economy of the whole experimental facilities of the original model. Fundamental researches are being made on crystalline silicon, thin amorphous film and compound semiconductor solar cells. The solar thermionic generation element producing equipment installed in the previous fiscal year has produced and tested different types of electrodes, and operated the modules for an extended period of time. Measurement data of solar beam in ultraviolet, visible and near infrared zones were processed statistically, whereas the research work has been completed in the current fiscal year, having established successfully the reference solar radiation. In the hydrogen manufacturing technology using high-temperature direct pyrolysis, fundamental discussions were given on effects of electric and magnetic fields on dissociation of steam, and diffusion and separation of hydrogen by using permeation membranes. For hydrogen fuel cells, trial fabrication and tests were continued on single cells by using mainly the high frequency sputtering process. Experiments were continued on a solid electrolyte fuel cell system. Researches are under way as comprehensive study on such technological seeds as power generation using ocean temperature difference, and superconduction magnets for energy storage (NEDO)

  1. FY 2000 research cooperation project on the research cooperation for the development of an advanced multimedia information system. Results of the research; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Senshinteki multimedia joho system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku (Kenkyu seika)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of developing an information system that has the hi-tech technology useful for China and high diffusion, joint research was conducted on the development of the model system and the demonstrative test, and the FY 2000 results were summed up. As to the synthetic materials flow information system, FIT/GAP analysis was made for improvement of the materials flow system and research development of additional functions. Relating to the education/culture/information system, made were the structural design of the remote education realtime system, development of the control use program, etc. Concerning the agricultural information system, it finished the stage of the investigational analysis/basic design and reached the stage of the detailed design/manufacture/initial experiment. About the forest fire-prevention information system, conducted were the design of the work application/technical support for the development in the department of forestry. As to the medical information system, image database and software of high speed image processing were developed. In relation to the environmental monitoring/flood monitoring information system, application software was developed for the forecast of disaster, assessment of disaster, relief decision-making support, etc. (NEDO)

  2. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional new technology creation R and D. First year report. R and D of medicine toxicity assessment use hepatocyte chip; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu / chiiki shingijutsu soshutsu kenkyu kaihatsu. Dokubutsu dokusei hyokayo kansaibo chip no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Judging that in the beginning of the toxicity test, the necessary information/knowledge are acquired not by using animal itself but only by using liver system (hepatocyte), the development was proceeded with of the hepatocyte chip substituting for the animal experiment. Studies were made in the following five fields: 1) design of functional matrices; 2) development of the pharmacological assessment technology; 3) development of cell sensing technology/biosensor fabrication; 4) study of a possibility and the limit of cell patterning technology; 5) survey of the market scale. In 1), studies were made of the establishment of the 3D culture method for hepatocyte and the construction of hepatocyte models for medicine assessment using pieces of liver. In the latter, by including capsule using the sugar introduced with galactose residue which is special sugar of hepatocyte to alginic acid and chitosan which are natural polymer and also hepatocyte isolated into sponge, aggregate was formed, and its use as a medicine assessment use liver model was tried to be made. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1999 project on the development of new industry support type international standards. Standardization of a method to evaluate the strength of aerospace use hi-tech composite materials; 1999 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Koku uchuyo sentan fukugozai no kyodo hyoka hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As to the evaluation method of the strength of aerospace use composite materials and the repair materials/repair parts, the R and D were conducted for international standardization. The FY 1999 results were summed up. Concerning the damage resistance of base structure, tests to give damages to three kinds of sandwich panels and tests on the strength of damaged parts were conducted, and it was confirmed that the foamed core was more easily damaged and less in strength lowering than the honeycomb core. Relating to damages of composite material parts which are caused by aircraft operation, surveys were carried out at Swissair, Japan Air Lines and Lufthansa German Airlines. In the investigational study of the repair method of composite material structures, it was found out that there were typical forms of repair: only one face plate, one face plate and core, and both face plates and core, and according to these, the analysis of strength should also be adopted. The survey of the repair method was also made at each airframe maker. In the study of the analysis method of strength at repair parts, it was confirmed that the finite element method was high in accuracy and can be adopted also to complicated shapes, and that it was a method suitable for the actual analysis of repair strength. (NEDO)

  4. Project in fiscal 2000 of developing international standards for supporting new industries. Standardization of method for evaluating mechanical stress of composite structures for aerospace use; 2000 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Koku uchuyo sentan fukugozai no kyodo hyoka hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    R and D has been performed on methods to repair composite structures used in aerospace application, and on stress evaluation on repaired portions, targeting at establishment of international standardization. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. The current fiscal year has executed surveys on repair methods, selection of the repair methods, evaluation on the repairing processes, and compression strength evaluation on test samples given repairs. The method for repairing the sandwich-structure composite members was selected as a result surveys and discussions on published literatures. For the evaluation test on the repairing processes, specific repairing processes were established with reference to the result of surveys on the repair methods, which were applied to test samples having been given damages. In addition, discussions were given also on non-destructive inspection methods for sandwich panels. Regarding the strength test for repaired portions, a compression strength test was performed on test samples repaired by using adhesive after having been given damages, wherein data related to compression strength were obtained. Furthermore, a system was developed to analyze the scarf-like adhesive-repaired potions by using the two-dimensional finite element method model. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1999 report on results of joint demonstrative project for environmentally benign coal utilization system. Demonstrative project concerning coal preparation technology (China); 1999 nendo kankyo chowagata sekitan riyo system kyodo jissho jigyo seika hokokusho. Sentan gijutsu ni kakawaru jissho jigyo (Chugoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This paper describes the demonstrative project for coal preparation technology, as a part of the measures against environmental pollution due to the structuring of demonstration and dissemination basis for clean coal technologies in China, The results for fiscal 1999 is reported. In the utilization of coal in China, a problem of urgency is the highly efficient selection and removal of sulfur contents in raw coal. Coal production in Chongquing City is yearly 30 million tons, of which 90% contains sulfur contents of 3% or higher. At Jinjia Colliery of Panjiang Coal and Electric Co. Ltd., Guizhou Province, a site for the present project, a number of coal seams are unsuitable for single utilization because of high sulfur contents. The coal preparation technologies to be introduced are expected to improve coal preparation efficiency and desulfurization ratio in terms of both the washability of raw coal and the accuracy of the coal washer. This is the third year of the project, with the following activities performed, namely, research/design, manufacturing/procurement of equipment, design for construction work, training of operators or the like, and documentation. The manufacturing and procurement are for such equipment as vacuum disk filter with accessories, waste water thickener, pressure filter for tailings with accessories, flocculant pump/piping, slurry tank/pump, high-shear mixer with accessories, and electric instrumentation. All the equipment arrived at the site in January, 2001. (NEDO)

  6. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium R and D. Third year report. R and D of the transversal maintenance technology; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu. Odanteki maintenance gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 3 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of eliminating bad effects of the maintenance/management of equipment/facilities of plants which are made separately and of heightening efficiency of work and improving technology, persons in charge of maintenance/management, persons requesting maintenance/management and official research institutes proceeded as one with the construction of a system doing maintenance/management work. Concretely, three parties cooperated in integration and enhancement of element technologies such as inspection/diagnosis and arrangement/repair and developed the maintenance/management system (maintenance center) which does not specify objects. Based on this system, development was made of the network connecting between the center and facilities, diagnosis car, and multi-functional repair car. Studies were made on the following three. As to the system development, conducted were the development of a deterioration mode prediction system, basic structuring of a remote maintenance network, and making of fatigue/corrosion/abrasion database. Concerning the tool development, technology to foresee damages on the static portion such as piping, etc. were developed. In the study of field application, conducted were analysis of maintenance flow, development of retrieval system of equipment parts/personnel/operation procedures and multi-functional repair car, etc. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 2000 regional consortium research and development project - regional new technology creation research and development. Practicalization of polymer back light (1st fiscal year); 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki shingijutsu soshutsu kenkyu kaihatsu bun'ya seika hokokusho. Polymer back light no jitsuyoka ni kansuru kenkyu (daiichi nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts are being exerted to develop technologies for fabricating polyvinyl carbazole thin film, 100 nm or less in average thickness and 400 mm square in area, for the construction of an exothermal sheet utilizing polymer semiconductor light emission diodes. Activities are conducted in the three fields of (1) the development of large area light emission sheets for use in polymer LEDs (light emission diodes), (2) the study of manufacturing technologies, and (3) the study of technologies for testing, analyzing, and evaluating the material. In field (1), a polyvinyl carbazole thin film is fabricated by the use of a low viscosity resin liquid application method, and a film fabrication technique is established for fabricating a thin film on a 400 mm square substrate within {+-}3 nm of film thickness error. In field (2), studies are conducted of an integrated large area thin film application/transportation system, application device mechanisms, and control sequences for application devices. Through studies of technical literature, exhibitions, and research institute meetings in Japan and overseas, it is concluded that the polymer back light is commercially feasible. (NEDO)

  8. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy R and D. Third year report. R and D of a hybrid pulse plasma coating (HPPC) system; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu. Hybrid gata pulse plasma coating (HPPC) system no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 3 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The development was proceeded with of the surface reforming technology system in which plasma CVD technology and PSII (plasma source ion implantation) technology are connected. HPPC forms DLC (diamond like carbon) layers excellent in adhesion and ceramic layers on the surface of work pieces such as complicatedly shaped dies and tools/sliding parts. Element technologies are the raw material gas pulse introducing technology for efficiently introducing raw materials into the reaction container in a state of gas, high density plasma formation technology and pulse plasma formation technology, minus pulse voltage application technology for vertically implanting various ions on the surface of complicatedly shaped work pieces, and advanced hybrid control technology enabling the control of ion species/implantation amount/layer formation speed. In FY 2000, using the prototype of the HPPC system, studies were made of the development of the DLC layer process and the low temperature DLC layer process, and development and commercialization of technology to improve throwing power, etc. (NEDO)

  9. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy R and D field. First year report. R and D of new composite polymer electrolyte for battery; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu bun'ya. Denchiyo shinki fukugo polymer kei denkaishitsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The development was proceeded with of new composite polymer electrolyte for Li secondary battery. The ultimate target of the development using this electrolyte is to get Li secondary battery markedly improved in safety/reliability which works at low temperature and controls thermal runaway. The composite polymer base electrolyte is composed of high molecular weight polyethylene oxide copolymer, ethylene oxide oligomer and Li salt, and it is finally cross-linked by heat or light. Studies were made in the following 6 fields: 1) R and D of the creation and optimization of new composite polymer electrolyte; 2) R and D of the commercialization of composite polymer electrolyte battery; 3) R and D on the safety of composite polymer electrolyte; 4) study of the synthesis of new electrolyte and catalytic activity of electrolyte-electrode interface; 5) R and D on polymer/oligomer composite electrolyte; and 6) comprehensive investigational research. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1991 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. Part 2. Construction and operation of the prototype system (researches on elementary techniques and construction and operation of the pilot system); Super heat pump energy shuseki system no kenkyu kaihatsu 1991 nendo seika hokokusho. 2. System shisaku unten kenkyu (yoso gijutsu no kenkyu / pilot system no shisaku unten kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-05-01

    Summarized herein are R and D results of the researches on the chemical heat storage systems, plant simulation techniques and combined systems, and international technical exchanges, for R and D of the super heat pump energy accumulation system. For the high temperature heat storage type (utilizing ammonia complexes), the initial research targets are almost attained, as a result of the designs of a chemical heat storage unit having heat storage capacity of 1,000 kWh. For the high temperature heat storage type (utilizing hydration reactions), a 25 Mcal-scale pilot partial test unit is operated, to study applicability of the practical materials and other operation-related themes. For the low temperature heat storage type (utilizing hydration reactions by solute mixing), a pilot system is operated, to attain heat recovery of 75% or more, heat storage density of 30 kcal/kg or more, and output temperature of 7 degrees C. For the low temperature heat storage type (utilizing clathrates), the evaluation tests by a pilot plant produce heat recovery of 93.2% and heat storage density of 32.0 kcal/kg. In addition, the R and D efforts are directed to, e.g., researches on plant simulation techniques and combined systems. (NEDO)

  11. FY 1998 result report on development of superconductive power application technologies. Pt. 1. Research and development of superconductive wire materials / Research of a total system / Research and development of a freezing system / Demonstration tests; 1998 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu. 1. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Superconductive technologies are introduced into electric power devices for attempts of achieving higher stabilization, density and efficiency, as well as size and weight reduction and improvement in performance of the devices. The project has been worked on since fiscal 1998 as part of the New Sunshine Project. Fiscal 1998 being the eleventh year has taken the following subjects as the research promotion policies: establishment of plans targeted at accomplishment of the goals of the project; adequate and reliable implementation of verification of technological assignments; and steady and efficient demonstration tests. Subsequent to the previous year during which site demonstration tests were completed on a low-speed responsive model machine, the site demonstration test has begun on the ultra high-speed responsive model machine as the final stage of the project. The ultra high-speed responsive model machine was coupled with a freezing system and a load synchronizing machine, and different kinds of test were carried out where good results were obtained. Researches were conducted on characteristics improvement and device element technologies aimed at achieving the practical application level by utilizing the respective features of AC metal-based wires and oxide-based wires, where sound results were obtained. Also in an improved freezing system, valuable data were attained as part of establishing the basic technologies for a superconductive power generation system. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1996 on the research and development of superconductor technology to power generation. Pt. 1. Research and development of superconducting wire, generator, total system, and refrigeration system; and verification test; 1996 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    In the research and development of superconducting wires, studies are conducted to increase the current capacity of NbTi and Nb{sub 3}Sn metal wires and to improve their properties, and to increase the current capacity of oxide materials and improve their performance making full use of the features of each manufacturing method. In the development of superconducting generators, a slow excitation response type is tested for verification, and a good result is attained; and a quick excitation response type is tested for field winding static excitation, and good performance is exhibited. Using the results so far achieved, the 200,000kW class pilot machine concept design is reviewed. In the study of total systems, feasibility is studied of a quench test for the 70,000kW class machine through simulation analyses, etc. In the development of refrigeration systems, efforts are exerted to improve on the conventional type in terms of reliability and to further improve on the improved version in terms of performance and space-saving feature. One of the endeavors involves the development of a He Brayton cycle turbine driven compressor. A multilayer cylindrical rotor is verified in terms of functions, characteristics, reliability and durability, and various data are collected toward the development of a pilot machine. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1991 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. Part 1. Construction and operation of the prototype system (researches on elementary techniques and construction and operation of the pilot system); Super heat pump energy shuseki system no kenkyu kaiahtsu 1981 nendo seika hokokusho. 1. System shisaku unten kenkyu (yoso gijutsu no kenkyu / pilot system no shisaku unten kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-05-01

    Summarized herein are R and D results of the super high performance heat pumps and elementary equipment, for R and D of the super heat pump energy accumulation system. For R and D of the super high performance compression heat pumps, the R and D efforts are directed to tests and evaluation of the pilot plant for the highly efficient type (for heating only), which produce the results of COP exceeding the target of 8; to tests of the anti-corrosion measures for the aluminum heat exchangers for the highly efficient type (for cooling and heating), by which the effective inhibitors are selected. The hybrid systems of the super high performance compression heat pumps and chemical heat storage are also studied in detail. The R and D efforts are directed to construction and operation of the hybrid heat pump system to collect underground heat for the high temperature type (utilizing low temperature heat source), which produce the results of confirming possibility of efficient heat collection for extended periods; and to improvement, construction on a trial basis and operation of the high-speed reciprocating compressors and steam superchargers for the high temperature type (utilizing high temperature heat source). For R and D of the elementary equipment, tests and evaluation are conducted for the EHD heat exchangers which use R123 as the new working fluid. (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-assisted project. Research and development of materials for coal liquefaction plant (Research on materials); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika plant zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (zairyo no kenkyu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Research and development is started of materials for constituting a liquefaction reactor which is the primary apparatus in the coal liquefaction process. Tested in the basic research on the designing of alloys for the reactor are Cr-Mo-V-Ti based alloys prepared by adding V, Ti, and B to Cr-Mo based alloys presently in use as materials for pressure vessels. They are melted and 50kg test ingots of steel are prepared, and an alloy with a constitution of Low Si-3%Cr-1%Mo-0.25%V-0.02%Ti-0.002%B is selected. In the designing of alloys to serve as stainless steel overlay welding materials and in the development of basic welding technologies, studies are conducted in search for materials that exhibit excellent durability under the conditions of liquefaction reaction and for technologies in this connection. These are accomplished using a test device installed this fiscal year, which is capable of reproducing high-temperature high-pressure hydrogen atmosphere. As the result, basic technologies are acquired, which will enable the achievement of the goal. In the study of on-site production technologies using medium-size ingots as the materials, an 85-ton medium size steel ingot of a new chemical constitution of Low Si-3Cr-1Mo-1/4V-Ti-B is melted, and a shell which is 400mm in thickness and 2m in internal diameter is forged, and the shell is subjected to a property and performance qualification test. (NEDO)

  15. Leading research report for fiscal 1998. Research and study of 3-dimensional cell structure module engineering; 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Sanjigen saibo soshiki module kogaku chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the formation of cellular tissues to replace bionic tissues, researches were conducted about technologies of forming bionic tissue modules by culturing various kinds of cells. As for the materials and methods for constructing cellular tissues, researches were conducted about the trends of research and development of 3-dimensional tissue culturing matrices and materials for micromanipulation. As for the development of technologies for the functionalization of 3-dimensionally structured cells, research and study were conducted about the technology of 3-dimensional cell structure organization through application of physical stimulation, the biochemical technology of differentiation inducing, and the differentiation inducing technology for hetero tissue culturing. As for the development of technologies for evaluation using 3-dimensionally structured cells, light CT (computer tomography), analysis and evaluation using spectroscopy and the like, feasibility of the biochemical analysis of the cell state using biosensors, technologies for measuring the secretion of carcinogenic and toxic substances, etc., were studied. In addition, the development of organic models to replace test animals, industrial evolution of 3-dimensional tissue module engineering, etc., were investigated. (NEDO)

  16. R and D project for large industrial technologies in fiscal 1989. Report on achievements in R and D of robots for critical works; 1989 nendo seika hokokusho. Ogata kogyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Kyokugen sagyo robot no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    Research and development have been performed on basic technologies common to different types of robots to carry out works in critical conditions. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1989. In the R and D of sensor technologies, a prototype tri-axial one-millimeter sensor array and a signal processing device were produced and evaluations were given. A prototype production and evaluations were made on a system that can recognize comprehensively the slip, hardness, and moment as the tri-axial tactile information. In the R and D of motive force technologies, discussions were given on improvement of sensitivity of the torque sensor in the actuator for force control. Design and prototype fabrication were carried out on a speed reducer integrated actuator having a torque sensor for the manipulator's elbow joint. In addition, a force controlled controller was fabricated on a trial basis, which compensates the non-linearity of the force controlled actuator by means of software control. In the R and D of the robot languages, an application program was prepared on a representative work related to movements of a critical work robot. Verification was also conducted on the reasonability of the grammar specifications. (NEDO)

  17. Leading research and study report for fiscal 1998. Report on leading research and study on intelligent fiber; 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Inteligent fiber sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches were conducted with a view to organizing projects for developing intelligent fibers, equipped with environmental friendliness and amenity without being deprived of their original properties as structural and clothing materials, the ultimate goal of the effort being the creation of harbingers of next-generation fibers which would contribute to the advance of industries related to environments, medicine and welfare, and information. What were learned from fiscal 1998 researches are mentioned below. The strength that the general-purpose fibers currently in use exhibit is so small as to be but several percent of what is theoretically predicted for them. Demand will increase a great deal if the actual strength is doubled, for which new technologies have to be developed including those involving super-fiber texture control. For providing the fiber with such functions as environment-friendliness, amenity, etc., it is necessary to develop phasal structure control technologies with regard to fiber morphology, surface texture, etc. For success in practical application in the future of such super-fiber materials, each specimen needs to be manufactured in the order of kilogram by way of trial. Moreover, fiber evaluation techniques have to be developed in the three domains of software, hardware, and interface. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1998 R and D report on human feeling measurement application technology. Pt. 1. Outline; 1998 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho. 1. Gaiyohen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report outlines the fiscal 1998 R and D result on human feeling measurement application technology. For development of assessment technology of the impact of work fatigue on human feeling (human feeling index), and assessment technology of the adaptability and affinity between human being and environment or product (environment and product adaptability index), data storage and evaluation by measuring experiment of human feeling, and modification of every index toward the final index based on the above data were carried out. Further case studies were carried out to reflect the above both indices to design of living products or residence and office environments, and new data were also collected. The database model for using previously collected human feeling data effectively, and the sweating manikin for estimating human thermal feeling reasonably were developed. In addition, the human feeling measurement manual was prepared to diffuse these technologies. The R and D system is also described. (NEDO)

  19. FY 1999 project report on the invitation program for developing countries. International researcher exchange project - Researcher exchange/technical guidance project; 1999 nendo kenkyu koryu gijutsu shido jigyo / kokusai kenkyu koryu jigyo kaigai kenkyusha shohei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the promotion of research exchanges on global environmental preservation with developing countries, Ms. Malee Santikunaporn, lecturer of Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Bankok, Thailand was invited. Desulfurization/denitrification facilities, which are being widely spread in developed countries, have marked effects, but high prices are an obstacle to the spread in developing countries. To make them spread in developing countries, it is needed to develop the technology which is low in price and meets the actual state in developing countries. As a technology with high viability, a system to simultaneously remove SOx and NOx was cited in which Cu is used as catalyst and adsorbent and into which the catalyst regeneration process is integrated. Considering it, technical exchanges on Cu-SiO{sub 2} catalyst as the basic theme were made during September 26 - December 23, 1999. Through visits on and exchanges with Tokyo Institute of Technology, ICEET, University of Kyoto, etc., understanding was deepened about how each country is tackling environmental problems. The theme 'Oxidative sorption of SO2 by Cu-SiO{sub 2} catalyst: characteristics of catalyst' could deepen knowledge/information of the developmental research as a system for simultaneous removal of SOx/NOx. The data obtained indicated great practicality of Cu-SiO{sub 2}. (NEDO)

  20. Industrial science and technology research and development institutions in fiscal 1999. Report on achievements in research and development of human media; 1999 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to give the society with the full picture of human media at an early time, actual problems in industries were taken up. This paper summarizes the sensitivity agent to support sensitivity of individuals, the human media database, the urban environment human media aiming at symbiosis of nature with artificial environment, and the achievements of comprehensive investigations and researches in fiscals 1999 and 2000. Activities were taken in the following four areas: 1) research and development of the sensitivity agent and human media database, 2) research and development of the urban environment human media, 3) comprehensive investigations and researches, and 4) investigations on technological trends in foreign countries. In Item 1), discussions were given on the technology to present full-color images at high accuracy, the image sensitivity retrieval technology, and the multi-dimensional interface technology for the human media database. In studying the basic human media technology, discussions were given on the basic sensitivity modeling technology, and the sensitivity agent mechanism. (NEDO)

  1. FY 2000 project on the research cooperation for the environmental response type water resource effective utilization system; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo taiogata mizu shigen yuko riyo system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of prevention of water pollution, stable water supply in the Philippines, etc., developmental study was made of a waste water treatment/water recycling system, and the FY 2000 results were summed up. In the operational study of Pilot Plant 1, for the waste water in the papermaking process of used paper recycling plant, development was studied of a waste water treatment/water recycling system. There occurred problems on minuteness, outflow, etc. of anaerobic granules, but those were caused by malfunction of SS removal equipment at plant side. The problems were solved by increasing flocculation/precipitation facilities. As to Pilot Plant 2 of which the R and D are planned to be started in April 2001, the food processing plant was surveyed for study, and SYSCORE was selected. Relating to the waste water treatment test of Pilot Plant 2, researchers of the Industrial Technology Development Institute (ITDI) of the Philippines conducted it under the guidance of the experimental data analysis. Besides, the paper carried out the training for technology spread/acceptance, technology spread seminar, support study in Japan, etc. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1996 Report on the research and development project for interdisciplinary area. Part.2. Research on bionic designs; 1996 nendo yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu. 2. Bionic design ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The objects of this project are to elucidate the self-organization mechanisms of a living body, e.g., functional adaptation to environments and self-restoration, to utilize the molecular interactions in a living body, and thereby to establish the basic technologies for developing molecular motor functions, e.g., artificial organs. Described herein are the FY 1996 results. For creation of living soft tissues, N-ePTFE and Gf are found to be good base materials for cell growth in the serum-free culture, and may be applicable to bio-reactors. Sugar-bound high-molecular-weight compounds and artificial hyaloid body are created. For hard tissue materials, e.g., artificial articulation, the macrophage is activated by englobing worn debris of polyethylene, to activate the broken bone cells that absorb the bone, causing the artificial articulation to become loose. For researches on molecular motor mechanisms, it is considered that myosin changes the head morphology to give a driving force to the muscle, and this concept is studied in detail. The photosynthesizing protein is a molecule related to light and electricity, and is useful as the material to apply the living functions to industrial technologies. The technologies for assembling molecules are studied by utilizing the self-organization functions of living molecules. Development of other molecular machines is also attempted. (NEDO)

  3. FY 2000 research cooperation project on the research cooperation for the preservation, sustainable utilization, etc. of the biological diversification. Follow-up; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Seibutsu tayosei hozen to zizokuteki riyo to ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku (Follow up)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of contributing to developing countries' preserving biological resources in the tropical region, etc. and making the sustainable utilization of biological resources using biotechnology, etc. possible, research cooperation for strengthening the base of international research cooperation was given, and the FY 2000 results were outlined. In this fiscal year, visits were paid to research institutes in Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia for survey of the present situation. In Indonesia, conducted were the study of information system and culture collection, study of plant utilization technology, study of utilization technology of bacteria, etc., and improvement in personnel, facilities and maintenance management power of research cooperation institutes was confirmed. In Thailand and Malaysia, conducted were the study of information system and culture collection, study of rule making of the access profit distribution to genetic resource, and management of the biological resource sampled and study of the route to the industrial utilization. Taking advantage of this project, the contract for the genetic resource search for commercial purpose was agreed between a Japanese company and a Malaysian institute. (NEDO)

  4. Leading research report for fiscal 1998 on the research on photofunctional materials for processing 2-dimensional data; 1998 nendo nijigen joho shoriyo hikari kino zairyo ni kansuru chosa kenkyu sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches are conducted for the development of photofunctional materials, which will enable the utilization of such features of light as high speed, planar transmission, and space coupling, for the real-time processing of large-volume 2-dimensional image data etc. The researches cover the 'spatial light modulation material' and 'dynamic holographic memory material' which will be the key materials in the high-speed 2-dimensional data processing, and the 'optical waveguide material.' The 'spatial light modulation material' is a material that temporarily memorizes optical data for causing interference between images by use of light, the 'dynamic holographic memory material' is a material that memorizes phasal data of light and records and writes by use of light the large-volume data necessary for moving picture processing, and the 'optical waveguide material' is a material that transmits multi-dimensional picture data on the real-time basis. Researches are also conducted on the status of research and development of technologies involving novel photofunctional materials, the control of the structure of their electrode/molecule boundary, the creation of ultrastructural materials by molecular arrangement control, etc. (NEDO)

  5. Summary of research achievements in fiscal 1978 in research and development of new energy technologies (Research and development expense for the former half period); 1978 (kamihanki) nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Kenkyu kaihatsuhi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-07-01

    This paper describes the summary of research achievements in fiscal 1978 in research and development of new energy technologies at the General Research Institute of Electronics Technologies using the NEDO's development expense. For measurement of solar beam spectral radiation illuminance, measurement data in ultraviolet and visible zones were collected. Comprehensive adjustment was performed on near infrared zone measuring devices. In solar thermal power generation, discussions were given on three kinds of collector combinations as a study on enhancement and optimization of functions in small-size system models. Fundamental studies on solar cells are continuing, including those for compound and amorphous semiconductors. Development of new electrode materials having large work function, and module performance tests are being progressed in order to realize solar heat electron power generation. In hydrogen manufacturing using the high-temperature direct pyrolysis method, studies are being performed on thermal decomposition performance and the hydrogen separation method (using separation membranes). Regarding hydrogen fuel cells, power generation experiments were executed by using zirconia solid electrolyte type fuel cells. Methodological development is being moved forward to realize a total energy system including the future societies and nature. This paper also describes experimental studies on power generation using ocean temperature difference. It also describes high-temperature ionization gases and superconducting magnets as the seeds of new energy technologies. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1999 Report on research and development of power generation by solid electrolyte fuel cell. Research and development of solid electrolyte fuel cell; 1999 nendo nenryo denchi hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu kotai denkaishitsugata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu kenkyu seika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-06-01

    This project is aimed at establishment of the module basic technology and commercialization of the solid electrolyte fuel cell in the early stage by designing, construction, operation and performance evaluation of a several kW-class module which incorporates the cylindrical cell fabricated by the wet process. The FY 1999 R and D efforts include (1) cell performance demonstration study: the cylindrical single cell fabricated by the wet process is demonstration-tested to determine the initial performance and durability for continuous operation, thereby comparing the external reforming with internal reforming in output, with the internal reforming rate as the parameter, (2) development of a several kW-class module: the adequate cell arrangement structure within the module is studied by the computer-aided simulation, and the tests for confirming thermal cycle durability of the modified bundle are conducted using the module power generation unit and the several kW-class module is tested, and (3) development of the technology for designing a thermally supported module: the effects of, e.g., air and fuel supply conditions on the module performance are analyzed using the analytical model as the base. Expansion of the module level to the process simulation model has been completed, based on these results. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979. Research on fuel cells (Research on aqueous alkaline solution electrolyte fuel cells); 1979 nendo nenryo denchi no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Arukari suiyoeki denkaishitsu nenryo denchi no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    This paper describes achievements in fiscal 1979 in research on aqueous alkaline solution electrolyte fuel cells. Trial fabrication and tests for an oxygen electrode were performed on a catalytic electrode added with silver using carbonblack and graphites as carriers having excellent corrosion resistance and large surface area. Characteristics not inferior to electrodes using activated carbon as a carrier were obtained in both of the initial characteristics and continuous discharge characteristics. A platinum added electrode also showed the same performance as the silver added electrode. A hydrogen electrode containing Zr and iron among those containing Raney-Ni was found to have high oxidation resistance and stability in terms of life. A platinum added electrode using graphite as a carrier provided satisfactory initial characteristics as a hydrogen electrode. Research on a single cell construction has used and tested eight-cell laminated cells with an area of 1,000 cm{sup 2} using bipolar sheets made of carbon. The test verified appropriate the removal of produced water and heat using mainly the hydrogen circulation, which has been discussed in the summary design. The paper describes heat cycles, for which tests of ten and odds times in total were performed to have demonstrated that they are free of any anomaly. Furthermore, a manifold was attached as a means to improve the volume efficiency. Its function was also tested. (NEDO)

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Leading research and development of MGC-built superhigh-efficiency turbine system technology; 1998 nendo MGC chokokoritsu turbine system gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu kenkyu seika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    To further enhance energy efficiency by improving on the gas turbine system, it is necessary, first of all, to develop superhigh-temperature materials to allow the system to operate at higher temperatures. Described in this report are studies on the application of MGC (melt-growth composite) materials which retain strength and plastic deformation capability even at high temperatures. Various compositions are explored for improvement on fracture toughness and thermal shock resistance. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/YAG system is investigated for the study of relations between microstructural control and fracture toughness. Literature on the development of nanocomposites is surveyed, and a preliminary experiment is discussed for improvement on purity by zone melting crystallization. In a study for an advanced manufacture of larger crystals, technologies of crystal growth condition setting and optimization, quality stabilization, productivity improvement, and crystal size enlargement are taken up. Casting and machining technologies are studied to enable crystals to assume complicated shapes. For the purpose of elucidating the mechanism of the occurrence of properties proper to high temperatures, a study is made on the evaluation of mechanical and physical properties and on the mechanism and control of crystal growth. Also studied are systems (gas turbine cycle, combustor, etc.) to which MGC materials may be applied. (NEDO)

  9. FY 1999 Report on research and development of power storage by high-temperature superconducting flywheel. Research and development of permanent magnet; 1999 nendo koon chodendo flywheel denryoku chozo kenkyu kaihatsu eikyu jishaku no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    The R and D program is implemented for permanent magnet, as part of the project aimed at commercialization of a 10 MWh-class high-temperature superconducting magnetic bearing type power storage system. A speed of rotation of 28,570 rpm is attained by using an iron intermediate ring for a Pr permanent magnet rotator and reinforcing the rotator with a plastic hoop reinforced with carbon fibers three-fold (CFPR hoop). The speed is increased to 31,300 rpm by interlacing carbon fibers also in the radial direction and replacing iron for the intermediate ring by titanium. The highest speed of rotation of 33,506 rpm is realized by the rotator of permanent magnet of sintered Nd. The magnetic circuit of stronger, more smooth magnetic field needs the permanent magnet of less uneven magnetic flux. The magnet is of a monoaxially anisotropic rare-earth metal, with four-fold magnetic ring bodies having fan-shaped small pieces arranged on each ring. Uneven magnetic flux occurs at the joint between these small pieces. The one-body-ring magnet of radially anisotropic, sintered Nd is developed, and incorporated in the repulsion type magnetic circuit, to reduce unevenness of the magnetic flux. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1997 international cooperation project. Report on the results of the research on environmental harmony type combustion technology; 1997 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo chowagata nensho gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Out of the R and D on the environmental harmony type combustion technology, the results of the project carried out in fiscal 1997 were summed up. In the site survey, etc., visits were paid to France, Spain, Greek, Germany, the U.K. and the U.S. to have discussions and examine the trend of research on the NOx removal catalyst and catalyst combustion. In the actual R and D, the R and D were conducted on zeolite base NOx removal catalyst, oxide composite base NOx removal catalyst, alumina base NOx removal catalyst, direct decomposition type NOx removal catalyst, catalyst combustion, etc. In the R and D of the catalyst combustion, durability under high gas flow flux was examined of PdO-Pt/Ba-Al203 catalyst developed for low temperature use, which indicated that durability and low temperature activity were heightened. As high temperature use catalyst, high temperature durability was examined of the developed Pd0-La/Gd-ZrO2 catalyst, which showed that the durability was favorable. 322 refs., 261 figs., 55 tabs.

  11. Leading research report for fiscal 1998 on the research of basic technologies of cranial nerve cell engineering; 1998 nendo noshinkei saibo kogaku kiban gijutsu no chosa kenkyu sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches are conducted about the present and future of the research and development of elementary technological details for elucidating, from the viewpoint of the level of molecules or cells, the functions of neurons which are the basic elements of the cranial nerve circuit and for applying the results to cranial nerve cell engineering. It is then concluded that the most important and urgent is to 'develop basic technologies for understanding the functions of neural circuits so that a remedial step may be taken in the presence of a defect in a neural circuit and that electronic devices may be applied to help neural functions.' It is agreed that the most immediate and ripple-effective is to 'establish the technology of intelligent connection between electronic devices and neural circuits for the reconstruction of motor functions.' It is also concluded that, upon achievement of the above two goals, new basic technologies will become available for the moderation of problems in the sensor input and motor output systems by means of electronic circuits, for the improvement on efficiency of rehabilitation with the aid of electronics, for the cure of denatured nerves or a damaged spinal cord, for the study of neural circuits, etc., and that a new industrial series will be created through the utilization of the above-mentioned details. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1997 report on the R and D under consignment from NEDO on human sensory measurement application technology; 1997 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper outlined the result of the fiscal 1997 R and D on `human sensory measurement application technology (HSMAT)` which entered into the second stage. As to the R and D of technology for development of human sensory indices, examples for developing human sensory indices were set up for the following each technology to be developed, and measuring experiments were conducted: technology to assess the effect on physiological senses such as fatigue and awakening, technology to assess human adaptability to various environmental conditions, and technology to assess adaptability of products to humans from a viewpoint of affinity, etc. In relation to the R and D of technology for practical application of human sensory indices, a study was conducted of application examples for using each index to the design of daily products and residential/working environments, and at the same time a prototype database of human sensory data was trially made using part of the experimental data. Moreover, for clothes and working environment to feel better, design/assembly were conducted of a hand/leg movable and sit-on-chair manikin which enables rational estimation of thermal sense of humans. 82 refs., 391 figs., 88 tabs.

  13. Achievement report for fiscal 1976 on Sunshine Program. Research on hydrogen production technology (Research on hydrogen production technology using thermochemical method); 1976 nendo suiso no seizo gijutsu no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Netsukagakuho ni yoru suiso seizo gijutsu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    This report covers part of the efforts to develop new hydrogen production technologies. Out of many processes involving Cu-halogen and alkali carbonate-iodine systems proposed as novel thermochemical processes, after they are compared with each other, a process of a sodium carbonate-iodine system with nickel in between is chosen. The chosen process is deemed to be the most excellent among the processes disclosed up to fiscal 1975. A feasibility study is conducted for the chosen process from the viewpoint of reaction rate, separation of reactive substances from each other, method for reaction manipulation, materials for device constitution, and thermal efficiency. As for the measurement of reaction rate for each unit reaction, basic reaction data are determined centering about the nickel iodide decomposition reaction and the sodium iodide carbonation reaction, and then reaction conditions which are roughly satisfying are obtained. A larger reaction unit is built in which the amounts of substances that come into reaction are approximately 10 times larger than those in the ones used in basic experiments. The progress of reactions is observed in the reaction unit, with the size enlarged in preparation for future construction of still larger reaction units. Methods for selectively isolating hydrogen out of gases ensuing from the decomposition are evaluated from the viewpoint of energy efficiency. In the selection of a reaction manipulation method, a single unit reaction process is advocated, and its thermal efficiency is estimated. (NEDO)

  14. Summary of research achievements in fiscal 1978 in research and development of new energy technologies (Research and development expense for the former half period); 1978 (kamihanki) nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Kenkyu kaihatsuhi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-07-01

    This paper describes the summary of research achievements in fiscal 1978 in research and development of new energy technologies at the General Research Institute of Electronics Technologies using the NEDO's development expense. For measurement of solar beam spectral radiation illuminance, measurement data in ultraviolet and visible zones were collected. Comprehensive adjustment was performed on near infrared zone measuring devices. In solar thermal power generation, discussions were given on three kinds of collector combinations as a study on enhancement and optimization of functions in small-size system models. Fundamental studies on solar cells are continuing, including those for compound and amorphous semiconductors. Development of new electrode materials having large work function, and module performance tests are being progressed in order to realize solar heat electron power generation. In hydrogen manufacturing using the high-temperature direct pyrolysis method, studies are being performed on thermal decomposition performance and the hydrogen separation method (using separation membranes). Regarding hydrogen fuel cells, power generation experiments were executed by using zirconia solid electrolyte type fuel cells. Methodological development is being moved forward to realize a total energy system including the future societies and nature. This paper also describes experimental studies on power generation using ocean temperature difference. It also describes high-temperature ionization gases and superconducting magnets as the seeds of new energy technologies. (NEDO)

  15. Leading research report for fiscal 1998 on the research of basic technologies of cranial nerve cell engineering; 1998 nendo noshinkei saibo kogaku kiban gijutsu no chosa kenkyu sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches are conducted about the present and future of the research and development of elementary technological details for elucidating, from the viewpoint of the level of molecules or cells, the functions of neurons which are the basic elements of the cranial nerve circuit and for applying the results to cranial nerve cell engineering. It is then concluded that the most important and urgent is to 'develop basic technologies for understanding the functions of neural circuits so that a remedial step may be taken in the presence of a defect in a neural circuit and that electronic devices may be applied to help neural functions.' It is agreed that the most immediate and ripple-effective is to 'establish the technology of intelligent connection between electronic devices and neural circuits for the reconstruction of motor functions.' It is also concluded that, upon achievement of the above two goals, new basic technologies will become available for the moderation of problems in the sensor input and motor output systems by means of electronic circuits, for the improvement on efficiency of rehabilitation with the aid of electronics, for the cure of denatured nerves or a damaged spinal cord, for the study of neural circuits, etc., and that a new industrial series will be created through the utilization of the above-mentioned details. (NEDO)

  16. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on the research and development of quantum function device. Research on technological trend; 1998 nendo ryoshika kino soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Gijutsu doko chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    To effectively promote the research and development of quantum function devices, the advancement of the research and development concerned is surveyed and problems in the course of research and development are isolated, analyzed, and discussed, and a survey is conducted on technological trends. Researches are conducted through research committee meetings, on-the-spot surveys of overseas activities, and international conferences. As the result, reports are compiled on the integration of multi-value logic devices using tunnelling control function devices, integration of logic memory devices based on quantum levels, integration of quantum interband coupled multifunction devices, silicon insulation film tunnel memory device, mass dot function memory, quantum wave switching function device, integration of single electron logic devices, integration of CMOS coupled type single electron devices, basic technology of single electron device, etc. As for common basic technology, an integrated device in which a quantum function element and CMOS are merged, superspeed quantum device using light, spontaneous formation of InGaN quantum dot and GaSb/GaAs quantum dot, electron moderation mechanism in quantum dot, etc., are compiled into reports. (NEDO)

  17. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Research and development of anti-corrosion technologies for oil production system); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinaji ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (sekiyu seisan system fushoku boshi gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A computer simulation-aided designing technology is completed to help develop synergy ceramics which are complicated in phase constitution and material structure. A program, which simulates sintering and particle growth for multiple solid-state and solid-state/liquid-phase systems, has been built assuming the form of an integrated micro/nano level simulation technology based on the Monte Carlo method. The new program applies to systems consisting of more than three different phases, and deals in a uniform way with the designing of various textures formable by transfer of matters in solid-state particle growth, Ostwalt ripening, solid-state sintering, liquid-phase sintering, and additive reaction. The Monte Carlo method-assisted program is applied to systems based on AlN, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and a good result is achieved in each case. The molecular dynamic method is mainly used in atom level simulation for application to ZrO{sub 2}-Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Si-C-N, and a good result is achieved in each case. (NEDO)

  18. Leading research report for fiscal 1998. Research and study of ozone-aided technologies for creating amenity-rich environments; 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Ozon riyo kaiteki kankyo sozo gijutsu no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches were conducted aiming at the establishment of an ozone-aided highly efficient decomposition process for the persistent organic matters in municipal sewage and industrial wastewater. Tested for verification were advanced water treatment technologies of the biological function acceleration type and the effect of their combination with the accelerated oxidation method, conditions necessary for efficient operation, and water treatment apparatuses and systems for operating them at high efficiency. Some findings are stated below. With an ozone-aided process performed at the first stage of biological treatment, biological decomposition is accelerated for a rise in the persistent organic matter decomposition rate. This is nothing but a finding in the laboratory, however, and much remains to be disclosed concerning the optimum conditions, reforming of sludge to be generated, volume reduction of the same, etc. Another finding involves the acceleration of decomposition of persistent organic matters using ozone in combination with hydrogen peroxide, ultraviolet radiation, titanium oxide, and the like. There still remain numerous tasks to carry out, however, which relate to the investigation of the reaction mechanism, establishment of operating conditions and criteria for selecting oxidants, etc. As for ozone, remaining to be solved are the problems of generation cost, storage and preservation, and safety. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report on commissioned research of R and D in fiscal 1999 on micro-machine technologies. R and D of micro-machine technologies; 1999 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Maikuro mashin gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to perform diagnoses and medical treatment in space limited portions in living organisms, research on micro-machine systems, research on a scanning type photographing unit in the medical micro-machine, and comprehensive surveys and researches have been conducted. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the research of a micro laser catheter, a prototype laser head having an outer diameter of 1 mm was fabricated, whereas composition was realized with a micro catheter having an outer diameter of 1.5 mm. With regard to the micro pressure sensor for catheterization, good active curving action was realized by a catheter in which a pressure sensor is mounted in the SMA curved catheter head. Research on the scanning type photographing unit has been carried out, for reducing further the diameter and size of an endoscope, on a photographing unit using laser beam whose cross section area of the tip optical section is about half of the conventional units. As a result, a high resolution scanning type photographing unit was realized based on the fiber optic system using a scanning mirror. In the comprehensive surveys and researches, items of information were collected in relation with the basic technologies for micro-machines. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D on high performance industrial furnace, etc.; 1999 nendo koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the development of high performance industrial furnace, initial targets were achieved such as energy saving of 30%, downsizing of 20%, and a remarkable NOx reduction. To verify the achievement, the test field project is being worked on by NEDO. In FY 1998, 23 heating furnaces, 29 heat treat furnaces and 6 melting furnaces were under the project at energy saving effect of 52,000 kl converted to crude oil. In FY 1999, 18 heating furnaces, 26 heat treat furnaces and 7 melting furnaces are now under the project at energy saving effect of 57,000 kl. The project was awarded 'The 9th Nikkei Global Environmental Technology Prize.' The themes for the R and D are as follows: high efficiency exhaust heat utilization system, self-completion type high temperature/high radiation heating technology, technology to make heat transfer in steel heating suitable under non-stationary state, high efficiency heat transfer technology, technology to optimize the shape of heating furnace, high performance atmosphere heat treat furnace, high efficiency heat transfer technology by high temperature jet flame heating, technology of high efficiency aluminum melting furnace, technology to improve soaking degree in steel heating, high performance tubular heating furnace in oil refining, optimum combustion control technology of regenerative burner furnace, and laser measuring method inside industrial furnace. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1986 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. Part 2. Development of elementary techniques; 1986 nendo super heat pump energy shuseki system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Yoso gijutsu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-04-01

    Summarized in detail herein are R and D results of the chemical heat storage techniques and plant simulation, for R and D of the super heat pump energy accumulation system. For R and D of the chemical heat storage techniques, the R and D efforts are directed to the researches on the fundamental reactions and continuous exothermic reactions involved for the high temperature heat storage type (utilizing the metathesis reactions); researches on the physical properties, heat storage systems, solid-phase reactions, liquid-phase reactors, corrosion of the materials, and so on for the high temperature heat storage type (utilizing ammonia complex); collection of the data related to media and structural materials, tests of the elementary equipment for the absorption and hydration reactions, and so on for the high temperature heat storage type (chemical heat storage utilizing hydration); researches on the media properties and system performance, tests of equipment, and so on for the high temperature heat storage type (heat storage/heating utilizing solvation); researches on the heat storage media, heat storage techniques, corrosion of the materials, systems, and so on for the low temperature heat storage type (utilizing the hydration reactions by mixing solutes); and researches on the media, corrosion and elementary equipment, optimization of the system, and so on for the low temperature heat storage type (clathrate low temperature heat storage systems). (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1993 technological survey report. R and D project for industrial science and technology (R and D of quantum functional device - studies on technological prediction); 1993 nendo ryoshi kino soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu (gijutsu yosoku kenkyu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    Researches are in progress with a view to establishing fundamental technology for a quantum functional device, which engineeringly uses various quantum mechanical effects emerging in a ultrafine dimentional area, for the purpose of contributing to the micro electronics technology that deals with ultra high speed and ultra high functional information processing necessitated in an advanced information-oriented society. Survey on research activities was conducted concerning the peripheral technologies of a quantum functional device project, for example, related technologies such as a high temperature scanning tunneling microscope enabling preparation of a micro structure of nm order, and an ultra high vacuum CVD device. In addition, discussions were held on the subjects of preparation/evaluation technology of a quantum functional device and a single electronic device, with the purpose of predicting/judging, from a wider viewpoint, indications of unexpected research results of the R and D in the remarkably evolving field of quantum functional devices, quickly taking the indications into projects, and efficiently promoting the R and D by making sure of the directions to proceed. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar heat power generation system (R and D on tower solar collection system); 1974 nendo taiyonetsu hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tower shuko hoshiki system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-29

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1974 research result on the solar heat power generation system with a tower light collection system. This system receives solar radiation energy by reflector group, and concentrates solar energy reflected by each reflector on the heat absorber mounted on the top of the tower. A ratio of the whole reflector group area to the receiving area of the heat absorber is called a concentration factor. The heat absorber converts concentrated dense radiation energy to thermal energy, and transfers heated thermal medium to the bottom of the tower to supply solar heat to a thermal plant after appropriate treatment. Based on the above basic idea, study was made on the total system and each subsystem, and some problems on component equipment and materials were extracted. After solving these problems and improving the whole system accuracy, these results are put to practical use for design and operation of an actual pilot plant. The main research items are as follows: feasibility study, simulation, element study, preparation of a 10kWT test equipment, and planning of a 1,000kW class pilot plant. (NEDO)

  4. Leading research in FY 1995. Research of product evaluation and advanced measurements - Part 1 (product evaluation); 1995 nendo sendo kenkyu. Seihin hyoka kodo keisoku bunseki gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu - 1 (seihin hyoka)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Product evaluation has been investigated from a viewpoint of compatibility with human life by considering human being as the subject of life. This report describes the investigation results. Product evaluation is defined as evaluating products on a consumer-oriented viewpoint and informing consumers of the evaluation results. According to a questionnaire survey with regard to daily living products, products in the low degree of satisfaction in their usage were electric tooth brush, video camera, electric rice jar, vacuum cleaner, and electric iron. Contents of dissatisfaction with these products were classified by aspect, i.e., human aspect regarding human body/recognition, life aspect regarding functions of products and how to use them, and sensitivity aspect such as appearance of products. Thus, points at issue were clarified. As regards the human aspect, incompatibility between the size/form of products and human body/posture, and recognition psychological incompatibility such as difficulty in understanding function or operation of products were pointed out. Establishment of a method for measuring and evaluating the human`s body functions and the compatibility with products, and necessity of the acquisition of human`s body characteristic data and the consolidation positions are also described. 4 refs., 42 figs., 30 tabs.

  5. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978. Research on hydrogen energy subsystems (research on hydrogen fueled automobile systems); 1978 nendo suiso energy subsystem no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Suiso jidosha system no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-03-01

    This paper describes the result of discussions on hydrogen fueled automobiles in fiscal 1978. Hydrogen fueled automobiles have a difficulty in developing methods for transporting hydrogen, whereas the liquefied hydrogen method and the metal hydride method are being studied in parallel at the present. It is also necessary to solve such basic problems as the method for supplying hydrogen to engines, the injection method, and countermeasures for abnormal combustion. Safety assurance is also important. Very little information is available presently on methods for storing hydrogen inside a car and supplying thereof, which are required for evaluating utilization of liquefied hydrogen to automobiles. Demonstrative surveys and researches are required to acquire basic materials for hydrogen feeding methods in broader meaning including storage and control. Therefore, fiscal 1977 has begun trial fabrication of experimental liquefied hydrogen tanks, and preliminary and experimental researches on types and materials for feed pumps. Fiscal 1978 has moved forward improvements in prototype tank performance (heat insulation method to reduce evaporation loss), trial fabrication of liquid level meters, trial fabrication of feed pumps (especially selection of materials for the sliding parts), and researches on flow rate control methods. Drawings for modification and experiment of the liquefied hydrogen tanks were prepared, and the promising candidates were selected for material combination in pump sliding parts. Durability tests are continuing thereon. Flow rate control was also discussed. (NEDO)

  6. 1998 Annual Study Report. Research and development of power storage by high-temperature superconducting flywheels (research and development of permanent magnet); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Koon chodendo flywheel denryoku chozo kenkyu kaihatsu (eikyu jishaku no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    The permanent magnets have been investigated and developed, for eventual commercialization of a 10 MWh power storage system by high-temperature superconducting flywheel. The permanent magnet rotors have been already developed in the previous years using a praseodymium-based magnet (Pr magnet) and neodymium-based sintered magnet (Nd sintered magnet), and the target rotational speed of 30,000 rpm has been attained. For development of the magnetic circuit to produce a stronger and smoother magnetic field, magnetic flux density of the Nd sintered magnet is measured. It shows a lower magnetic flux irregularity than the Pd magnet, but there is still room for further improvement. For development of large-size permanent magnet fabrication techniques, it is confirmed that the large-size Nd sintered magnet can be easily magnetized by partial magnetizing, as is the case with the Pr magnet. In this year, the irregular magnetic flux is three-dimensionally simulated, based on the results obtained in the previous years, to find that the simulated results are in good agreement with the observed ones. The measures to solve the problems are also investigated. It is also confirmed that the large-size ring magnet can be easily magnetized by partial magnetization. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report on research and development of the industrial basic technologies of the next generation in fiscal 1981. Research and development of composite materials; 1981 nendo jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu itaku kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Fukugo zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY 1981 research and development for composite materials, established by the R and D system for the basic technologies of the next generation. The R and D project for resin-based composite materials involves basic researches on the matrix resins, and surface modification of the reinforcing fibers. The investigations and basic tests are conducted for monolithic molding, other types of molding, and cutting and boring by, e.g., laser beams and water jet. The other related efforts include researches on analysis theories for optimization of strength and rigidity of the composite structures, and development of the optimization programs. For the R and D project for the metal-based composite materials, the efforts are directed to understanding wettability and reactivity of the reinforcing fibers with metals, and development of the techniques for producing various types of preforms and compositing methods. The basic researches are conducted for hot pressing/rolling molding, extrusion/withdrawal, powder molding and melt molding of the composite materials with aluminum alloys as the matrices. The other R and D items include investigations on methods for evaluating qualities for the steps form the stock preparation to production of the final products. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1997 report on the investigation on the actual status of international research information exchange in research organizations in Japan and U.S.A; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Nichibei kenkyu kikan ni okeru kokusai kenkyu koryu jittai chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    An investigation was made on the actual status of utilizing researchers from foreign countries and internationally exchanging researchers with views on technological researchers in universities and public institutes in Japan and the U.S.A. Foreign researchers at 39 research institutes in the Tsukuba area are from Asian region at 43%, and European and North American regions at 43%. Asian researchers are dominated overwhelmingly by Chinese and Korean people. Researchers from Europe and North America have a high ratio of working at institutes belonging to the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, and many of them are of short period staying type. On the other hand, many of those from African regions intend to study diplomatic and cultural exchange, and those from Middle and South American regions to study agricultural and fishery industries. About 8.4% of the scientists and engineers who obtained doctorates in America in 1995 is foreign nationals, and about 83.3% of them is of long period staying type. Foreign students in the U.S.A. account for 3.1% of students in institutions of higher education. The higher the education level, the higher the foreign student ratio, whereas the ratio reaches 33.0% in doctoral courses. Persons who obtained doctorates in the department of science and engineering are, in decreasing order, Chinese, Taiwanese, Indian and Korean. 32 figs., 47 tabs.

  9. FY 1992 Report on the survey results. Surveys on trends of research and development of advanced materials for severe environments (Intermetallic compounds); 1992 nendo chotaikankyosei senshin zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (kinzokukan kagobutsu) ni kakawaru kenkyu doko chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    The trends of the ongoing researches on intermetallic compounds are surveyed through interviews and inquiries, in order to evaluate the results of the projects and research and development of the advanced materials for severe environments, and also to survey the research trends. The survey results are pigeonholed into 4 general categories; (1) research trends in the USA, UK and Germany, (2) notable topics of recent progress in intermetallic research and development, (3) evaluation of the projects, and (4) lists of the results of the researches on the Al-Ti and Al-Nb intermetallic compounds. The ongoing projects include those for intermetallic compounds of high specific strength and of high melting point, the former being represented by Al-Ti compounds and the latter by Al-Nb compounds, for aircraft and space development purposes. The projects are evaluated, viewed from materials and purposes/targets pursued by the projects, R and D organizations, and degree of attention the projects are attracting. The intermetallic compounds are extensively studied and attracting attention in various countries, but possibilities of achieving the set targets are rather pessimistic. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on photovoltaic power generation system (R and D on new type solar cell); 1976 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shingatashiki taiyo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-05-30

    This report describes the fiscal 1976 research result on new type solar cells for photovoltaic power systems. On junction formation, the solar cell fabricated by spray coating showed output characteristics equivalent to that by rotary coating or phase diffusion, and inexpensive coating liquid, 1/40 of commercially available liquid in price, showed a sufficient result, however, the conversion efficiency of P{sup +}/N elements was insufficient. Schottky barrier polycrystal Si thin film was suitable for large-area elements without any property degradation. Small grain boundary density of polycrystal layers was also necessary. Temperature characteristics of collector element structure with a comb electrode were calculated theoretically. Change in diffusion length of minority carriers due to temperature well agreed between measured and calculated ones. Optimization calculation was also carried out. The size, curve, weight and transmissivity of plastic and glass materials for solar cell packaging were evaluated by continuous outdoor exposure tests. Fluorinated ethylene-propylene, methyl methacrylate and polycarbonate plates and glass were the most promising materials because of less deformation. (NEDO)

  11. FY 1992 Report on results of the research and development of the technologies for creating/processing advanced biomaterials. Part 2; 1992 nendo senshin bio zairyo no sosei kako gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Sogo chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    This project is aimed at development of the materials which show functions in a living body by coating a substrate of, e.g., silica or glass, with layered novel peptide synthesized to include unusual amino acid required to have the functions. The existing peptide-related technologies are reviewed and the natural peptide list is prepared. A total of 15 literature is surveyed, and the contents are pigeonholed into 8 items; (1) prospects of peptide engineering, (2) designs of peptide structures, (3) technologies of peptide synthesis, (4) synthesis of unusual amino acid and inclusion into peptide, (5) analysis of peptide structures, (6) physiological activity of peptide, (7) development of peptide materials and function manifestation, and (8) information retrieval of natural peptide (comprising 30 amino acids or less). The item (2) involves analysis and prediction of hydrophobicity of oligopeptide, item (3) chemical synthesis of protein, and protease-aided condensation of dipeptide, and item (7) solar cells based on a photoelectric conversion material and pigment-sensitized colloidal titanium oxide. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D of femtosecond technology. R and D of femtosecond technology; 1999 nendo femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This project aims at creating new industrial basement technology which supports the highly information-oriented society in the 21st century, conducts the R and D of technology to control the state of light and electron in the femtosecond time domain (10{sup -15} - 10{sup -12} sec), and establishes the basement technology which exceeds the speed limit of the conventional electronics technology and also includes new functionality. The themes are as follows: 1) R and D of ultra-short pulse optoelectronic technology; 2) R and D of ultra-short optical pulse applied measuring technology. In 1), in addition to the investigational study of the ultra-high speed light source technology, ultra-high speed modulation technology and ultra-high speed switching technology which are needed for the ultra-high speed optical information communication system and the construction, made were the survey and the evaluation of crystal growth technology/process technology of new semiconductor materials which make the fabrication of these high-tech ultra-high speed devices possible. In 2), investigationally studied were the technology for generation/control of ultra-short optical pulse and ultra-short electron beam pulse and the technology for stabilization, and the technology for generation of femtosecond high-intensity X-ray pulse by collision of optical pulse with electron beam pulse. (NEDO)

  13. Leading research report for fiscal 1998 on the report on researches on intelligent social infrastructure technology; 1998 nendo chiteki shakai kiban kogaku gijutsu no chosa kenkyu hokokusho sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches are conducted for showing some guidelines on the system and method of the intelligent social infrastructure technology (ISIT) as a 21st century type systematization technology, and a report is submitted on the result. Discussed in the report are the technological system and image of ISIT, the research and development setup and administrative tasks involving intelligent social infrastructure construction, and the systematization and operation of the ISIT. Mentioned as important element technologies are the infrastructure and information/communications technologies for security and disaster prevention, information technology and automatization technology for maintenance, and intelligent materials enabling disaster prediction and detection. Stated in connection with the future development of ISIT are information/communication technologies for system control, monitoring, and normal/urgent dual use. Specific examples are shown, such as the active card, urban disaster prevention and monitoring system, active city, intelligent network, and so forth. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1992 research report. Research trend survey of research and development of advanced materials for extreme environments (Carbon composite material); 1992 nendo chotaikankyosei senshin zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu chosa hokokusho. Tansokei fukugo zairyo ni kakawaru kenkyu doko chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    Trends of research on carbon based composite materials were surveyed through studying various reports and technical literature and evaluation of the project named above was conducted through holding interviews with researchers. In the survey of research trends for which technical literature perusal was the main tool, it was found that in most technical articles the important task was the enhancement of oxidation resistance, that SiC coating was in use for this purpose, that the technology would meet its limit at 1,600-1,700 degrees C, and that it would turn useless at temperatures beyond 1,800 degrees C. For the evaluation of the project, interviews were held with nine researchers not taking part in the project. The researchers favored the project as far as the popularity of the project and the main implementing body and system were concerned, but they negatively evaluated the project's goal of using such materials at 2,000 degrees C in the atmosphere. This research report comprises four chapters which cover (1) trends of research on C/C (carbon/carbon) composites, (2) a summarized research report on C/C composites, (3) survey of patents associated with C/C composites, and (4) opinions expressed toward the project and the results of evaluation conducted on the same. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1997 report on the survey of fundamental technologies in the field of brain neuro-biotechnology; 1997 nendo Sendo kenkyu hokokusho (noshinkei saibo kogaku kiban gijutsu no chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In Japan with its rapidly aging society, fundamental technologies are required for the development of artificial nerves substituting for or supporting damaged ones, and ultimately constituting artificial neurons based on the knowledge of the brain functions at the molecular and cellular levels. This study defines the fundamental technologies which would be required for the development in the area, and further, evaluates the potential of the technologies to develop the novel industry. The brain function is closely related to the activity in neuronal circuits. In order to repair injured nerves and to develop the advanced technologies of electronics for helping impaired neuronal functions, the most important and urgent is to understand how to work the neuronal circuit system in the brain. Based on these viewpoints, new methodological approaches would make it possible to relieve neural impairment in the sensory input system and the motor system by the use of electronic circuits. They also would improve rehabilitation after injury, and treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson`s disease. These advances surely create the new types of industry seeds in near future. 77 refs., 29 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on research under Sunshine Program. Basic research on plasma-aided coal gasification technology; 1981 nendo sushine keikaku kenkyu seika hokokusho. Sekitan no plasma gas ka gijutsu no kiso kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Researches are conducted for the development of a technology of producing useful gases such as acetylene, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, etc., from coal by the use of the high temperature and high-density energy of the plasma jet. In an experiment using a 100kW 3-port plasma-aided gasification unit, rapid quenching tests are conducted using hydrogen and helium, where the reaction furnace is changed, the specimen feed device is changed, and the plasma torch head is replaced by a high-power head. In a test of the coal specimen, it is found that rapid quenching exerts a great effect on the prevention of re-decomposition of the generated acetylene into hydrogen and carbon black and that a rise in the hydrogen partial pressure results in a great decrease in the quantity of acetylene generated. The said torch head replacement increases the rate of the coal specimen infiltrating into the plasma flame, which brings about an increase in the quantity of acetylene generated. It is found after all that the conventional acetylene yield of 34g/kWh increases to 59g/kWh in a rapid quenching test in which the specimen is dried Akabira coal and the plasma is an argon gas plasma containing 40% hydrogen. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1998 annual report on the research and development of advanced ceramic gas turbines. Study on social adaptability; 1998 nendo senshingata ceramic gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shakai tekigosei kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The New Sunshine Project, promoted by Ministry of International Trade and Industry, has developed a 300 kW ceramic gas turbine CGT302 (biaxial, regenerative type) in March 1999, which attains a turbine inlet temperature of 1,334 degrees C and thermal efficiency of 42.1%. The conditions of optimum utilization of the system are studied for eventual commercialization and spread of these systems, including analysis of load types for specific purposes, prediction of operation management, economics of CGT, environmental impacts, and possibility of diversification of the fuel. The CGT cost analysis results indicate that a CGT system is well viable when the incremental initial cost of the power generator is kept below 70,000 yen/kW over the conventional system. The system can be doubled in scale at the largest. It can be further scaled up, when hybrid members with metallic materials are used. CGT is a basic technique for (system energy). In other words, the 21st. century will be the age of (system energy), i.e., (gas turbine). (NEDO)

  18. FY 1980 Report on results of research and development project, commissioned by Sunshine Project. Researches on R and D of management procedures; 1980 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu kanri shuho no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    The strategic system planning procedures have been developed and applied for drafting R and D targets and subsequent medium-term plans, in order to help promote the Sunshine Project smoothly, based on the long-term prospects. This project compares the developed procedures with the current promotion systems and R and D management supporting procedures, to establish the strategic system planning procedures. These newly developed procedures are expected to accelerate the Sunshine Project, when applied in the standard manner. They are also partly applied to coal liquefaction techniques for (system demand analysis), the results of which are used to propose the ideal R and D targets of these techniques. The milestone planning procedures are preliminary applied to (establishing the project plans), to draw systematic long-, medium- and short-term plans. The preliminary application of these prediction/analysis and supporting procedures has verified effectiveness of the strategic system planning procedures. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on photovoltaic power generation system (R and D on new type solar cells); 1974 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shingatashiki taiyo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-27

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1974 research result on R and D of new type solar cells, which includes researches on (1) solar cell structure, (2) packaging, and (3) improvement of a conversion efficiency. In the 1st research, theoretical study was made on the relation between a solar cell efficiency and various design factors to obtain basic data for ordinary cell structure and vertical junction type cell structure. As impurity source, a thermal diffusion method using doped oxide by CVD was compared with that using boron nitride, resulting in no difference in solar cell characteristics between both methods. The measurement results on contact resistances of Al, Fe and Ni with electrodes prepared by electron beam deposition showed that these materials are applicable to Si more than 10{sup 18}/cm{sup 3} in impurity density as electrode materials. In the 2nd research, exposure tests were made on some kinds of specimens, resulting in no troubles. Study was made on production costs and structures suitable for automatic production of 4 kinds of packages with different basic structures. In the 3rd research, the prototype solar cell was prepared to use under solar radiation within 20SUNS. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 2000 report on result of R and D of nonmetallic material recycling promotion technology (demonstration test and research, total system technology); 2000 nendo hitetsu kinzokukei sozai recycle sokushin gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Jissho shiken kenkyu, total system gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    R and D was conducted on advanced recycling technology for aluminum and base metal/rare metal based materials, with fiscal 2000 results compiled. In the research of aluminum recycling technology, on a continuous fractional crystallization process and a purification by zinc removal process, the existing facilities for each demonstrated that they could simulate an aluminum scrap melting process capacity of 1,000 t/month, with a series of initial conditions determined. In the research of total system technology, combined test facilities were completed in which a purification process and a melt cleaning process were integrated. In the research of the recycling technology for base metal/rare metal based materials, a test was carried out by demonstrative facilities, with the aim of establishing copper regeneration technology in which high grade copper is produced using metal/resin based scraps such as shredder dust of automobiles as the materials. In structuring the total system technology, a preliminary survey and environmental load measures were carried out toward the practicability of a comprehensive copper metal collection recycling system. (NEDO)

  1. FY 2000 report on the project for research cooperation in the spread of the results of the analysis of effects of technology development; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Gijutsu kaihatsu koka bunseki seika fukyu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The Japan-China joint research and seminar were conducted which were titled 'The technological/economic approach for realization of a harmony of energy/environment/economy in China in a period of transition of the system and the study of the spread of the results.' In the study of the policy for development of small/medium enterprises in China, discussions were made on the stage of the development of small/medium enterprises in China, consideration of the credit guarantee system for small/medium enterprises, and the present situation of the credit evaluation of small/medium enterprises. In the study of the economy rule/regulation system of China, problems in the legal system that China are faced with by joining WTO and the measures to be taken therefor, study of the product quality law in China, study of the competition law system in China, and study of the environmental protection law. In the study of the control of enterprises in China, the environmental accounting in China. In the study of the measures to be taken to promote the inland region of China, the finance support system for great development of the west, and the study of the relation between the water source in the dry region of northwest China and the sustainable economic growth. Further discussed was the study of the intellectual property right system in China. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1998 report on the R and D of the industrial science technology. R and D of synergy ceramics; 1998 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Hazardous ingredients in gases exhausted from diesel, refuse treatment facilities, etc. are becoming the problem. The development is expected of porous ceramic films which have functions of separation/purification at high temperature. By making good use of the technology to synthesize ceramic films with uniform through pores of several ten nm order and the technology to form 1D through pores of several ten - 100{mu} m order, the development of the following technologies were made and are in sight: enhancement of functions of gas separation/purification, function of catalyst-carrying to be given, porous film formation/base material fabrication. For the commercialization of high performance structure use ceramic parts, required is innovation of the production method by which the production cost is reduced without damaging the characteristics. Technologies were used of micro-fine raw materials, rapid sintering, texture assessment, analysis, etc., and study was made of cost reduction in high performance ceramic parts. For energy conservation by reducing the sintering temperature, the following were trially conducted: mechanical ironing, use of low grade raw material, use of superplastic reformation and forging, etc. (NEDO)

  3. Research and development of a superconducting flywheel power storage system in fiscal 1998. Research and development of rotation control technology; 1998 nendo koon chodendo flywheel denryoku chozo kenkyu kaihatsu. Kaiten seigyo no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Element technology research was performed on 'rotation control' aimed at practical application of a 10-MW class high-temperature superconducting flywheel power storage system. As part of the research, researches were carried out on small-size and middle-size models, low-loss control type magnetic bearing, and large-size models. For the small-size model, as a result of performing performance tests on the protective bearing by using a testing machine, it was revealed that the model is free of problems in the test for up to 5000 rpm. For the middle-size model, fabrication and installation were completed on a middle-size rotation control testing equipment having CFRP-made flywheel with a diameter of 1 m. In the control type bearing, as a result of adopting a homo-polar type magnetic pole, the rotation loss was reduced to about 1/5 of that of a hetero-polar type. The amount is about 75 W (12000 rpm) when the bias current is 1.5 A. Concept design was implemented on a 2-MWh flywheel bearing system supported with a high-temperature superconducting magnetic bearing as a full-size flywheel. The CFRP-made flywheel has a diameter of 4 m, and a circumferential velocity of 1200 m. (NEDO)

  4. FY 2000 report on the project for research cooperation in the spread of the results of the analysis of effects of technology development; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Gijutsu kaihatsu koka bunseki seika fukyu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The Japan-China joint research and seminar were conducted which were titled 'The technological/economic approach for realization of a harmony of energy/environment/economy in China in a period of transition of the system and the study of the spread of the results.' In the study of the policy for development of small/medium enterprises in China, discussions were made on the stage of the development of small/medium enterprises in China, consideration of the credit guarantee system for small/medium enterprises, and the present situation of the credit evaluation of small/medium enterprises. In the study of the economy rule/regulation system of China, problems in the legal system that China are faced with by joining WTO and the measures to be taken therefor, study of the product quality law in China, study of the competition law system in China, and study of the environmental protection law. In the study of the control of enterprises in China, the environmental accounting in China. In the study of the measures to be taken to promote the inland region of China, the finance support system for great development of the west, and the study of the relation between the water source in the dry region of northwest China and the sustainable economic growth. Further discussed was the study of the intellectual property right system in China. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1997 research and development of fusion domains. Part 3. Studies on next generation optical substrate technologies; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho (yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu). 3. Jisedai hikari kiban gijutsu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    With an objective of realizing super large capacity recording technologies largely exceeding the current limits of optical recording and magnetic recording, studies were conducted on application of near-field optics. In the study on recording by using near-field light, it was verified that a mark with approximately the same size as an aperture diameter can be formed on a phase change recording film when a fiber probe with an aperture diameter of about 200 nm is used. However, it was found that the recording using this system takes excessive amount of time. When laser light collected on an objective lens was irradiated pulse-wise, a mark with a minimum width of about 20 nm was observed with high contrast. This will mean that a record with recording density of one terabit/in {sup 2} can be read out. Other studies performed include those on evaluation of effects of polarized light and surface shape on near-field read-out, simulation, mechanism of crystallization in a phase change recording film, recording and playback with ultra-high resolution by using a conformable near-field aperture, fabrication of a flat aperture type near-field light probe array, and the evaluation thereon. 22 refs., 27 figs.

  6. Report for fiscal 1997 on simple operation type CAD/CAM system development through international cooperation. Research achievements; 1997 nendo 'kan'i sosagata denshi sekkei seisan shien system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku' ni kansuru hokokusho. Kenkyu seika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 1995 in the research and development project for an electronics design and production aid system of simple operation type (MATIC). The project is intended to support works of Asian countries on the information society, and enhance levels of the manufacturing industries and supportive industries by utilizing the information technologies. The working group (WG)I, related to automobiles and components thereof, improved functions of the primary system and continued demonstration tests. The group launched for the secondary system a system development that makes timely information transmission and receipt possible among research and development enterprises, local assembly enterprises and facility and parts suppliers. The WGII (household appliances and their parts) designed and developed an electronic catalog system based on pre-prototypes developed independently by different countries, and performed demonstration tests. The WGIII (textiles and apparels) carried out with China demonstration tests on the international EDI system, translation system and CAD/CAM system. It also developed a sewing technology standards system. It installed equipment and devices in Indonesia for preparation of the demonstration tests. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1996 international research cooperation project. Report on the R and D result of the environmental harmony type combustion technology; 1996 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo chowagata nensho gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The research was conducted jointly with Europe of a catalyst which enables clean combustion and NOx removal in polluted gas in combustion flue gas, etc. Reformation of mordenite and {beta}-zeolite was done by ion exchange, ion implantation, and membrane formation. A catalyst was searched for to obtain reducing agents, C5-C8 components, by decomposing light oil. Saponite, clay compound, showed by copper and silver ion exchanges approximately 50% of activity under 20,000h{sup -1}, C3H6 reducing agent, and without steam. The effect of the temperature of sintering on NOx selective reductionality of silver-carrying alumina catalyst was studied, and in sintering at 800degC, activity increased. When using conductive oxides like ruthenium oxide for electrolyte, NO decomposition selectivity increased. As to the functional layer carried above the Pd electrolyte, iron oxide and magnesium oxide increased NO decomposition selectivity. PdO and rare earth oxides forming compounds controlled variation of activity by dissociation/reoxidation of PdO. As to PdO/Gd203, the initial methane combustion activity was favorable, but there was seen deterioration with age. 271 refs., 281 figs., 58 tabs.

  8. Research cooperation project in fiscal 2001. Research cooperation on putting into practical use of district complying type photovoltaic power generation system; 2001 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Chiiki tekigo gata taiyoko hatsuden system tou no jitsuyoka ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    Research cooperation has been performed with an intention of establishing technologies to develop a design program for photovoltaic power generation systems suitable for the diverse natural and social conditions in China, the performance inspections and quality enhancement thereon. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2001. For installing the photovoltaic power generation system, procurement, transportation and installation were carried out in Gansu Province for a 8.4 kW integrated system and in Qinghai Province for 10 kW and 12 kW integrated systems. Visits were made to the sites to confirm the operating conditions, and maintenance and management conditions of the systems having been installed to date. With regard to performance evaluation devices of the cells and modules, some pieces of the equipment were repaired and re-adjusted, and training for using them was executed. Eight persons have visited Japan from China and participated in the training in Japan for utilization and operation of the photovoltaic power generation systems for the persons involved in the system operation. In addition, in order to determine the future information exchange directions, workshops were held with PV experts and manufacturers participating from Japan to exchange items of information. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1995 international research cooperation project. Report on the R and D result of the environmental harmony type combustion technology; 1995 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo chowagata nensho gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The research and development were conducted jointly with Europe of an environmental harmony type high efficient catalyst which enables clean combustion and NOx removal in polluted gas in combustion flue gas, etc. In the research and development of NOx removal catalyst such as zeolite base, reformation of mostly mordenite was done by ion exchange, ion implantation, skeleton element substitution, etc. A possibility was found out of applying the membrane formation method except ion implantation as reforming means. In the R and D of the complex oxide base NOx removal catalyst, it was found that the catalyst carrying copper and silver on silica and layer clay compound under optimum conditions shows peculiarly high activity, and there is little decrease in the activity, but rather increase in it even under vapor existence. An evaluation was made of NO resolution of direct resolution element carrying noble metal electrolyte on solid electrolyte, finding out that the highest NO selectivity is shown with Pd as electrolyte and at a baking temperature of about 1300degC. Development of high- and low-temperature catalysts was also made. 417 refs., 286 figs., 63 tabs.

  10. FY 1999 research cooperation in the development of the advanced multi-media information system. Results of the research; 1999 nendo senshinteki multimedia joho system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. Kenkyu seika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    'The research cooperation in the development of the advanced multi-media information system' for China was carried out, and the state of the FY 1999 study was summed up. As to the overall material flow system, conducted were the construction of the basic material flow system and the planning of the verification experiment. In relation to the education/culture information system, the design of the system structure of a remote education realtime system, design of the applied equipment, design of equipment layout, and development of the control program. Concerning the agriculture information system, the analysis of system needs, working-out of project concept, basic design of system, arrangement of hardware environment, and project management. About the disaster prevention/forest fire prevention information system, the analysis of system, construction/design of system, and construction of platform. In regard to the medical system, software was developed for high functional image sending/receiving function and high functional image processing. As to the environment monitor/flood monitor information system, the platform which is the basic structure was constructed. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 2000 report on research exchange/technical guidance project, international research exchange project, and invitation program for overseas researchers; 2000 nendo kenkyu koryu gijutsu shido jigyo / kokusai kenkyu koryu jigyo kaigai kenkyusha shohei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With the purpose of promoting research exchanges with developing countries concerning preservation of the global environment, ICETT (International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer) invited two researchers from Center of Environmental Protection and Chemical Safety, Institute of Industrial Chemistry, Ministry of Industry, Vietnam. The period was from September 19 to December 17, 2000, and the subject was a basic research on environmentally friendly wastewater treatment technology utilizing bacteria in soils. In an experimental system, five reaction layers made of vinyl chloride tubes having a diameter of 16 cm and a height of 50 cm are serially connected, with a suitable filler used for each as a tank for precipitation of heavy metals and treatment of BOD, for anaerobic denitrification, for decomposition of aerobic COD, BOD, etc., for phosphorus treatment, and for bleaching (deodorizing), and with domestic wastewater treated through contact filtration. In spite of a limited period, from the obtained experimental results, the quality of water after the treatment was Class B or higher in the Japanese environmental standards for rivers, lakes and coastal waters, showing high practicability of this system. Further, some pieces of consideration were given additionally to the application in Vietnam. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978. Surveys and studies on patents and information (Surveys on progress in research and development); 1978 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Kenkyu kaihatsu suichoku jokyo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-03-01

    This paper describes the surveys in fiscal 1978 on the status of progress in research and development in the Sunshine Project. Identification, evaluation and analysis were given on the status of progress in research and development and developed technologies in each project. Items of information were provided to related organizations for the purpose of mutual information exchange. The subjects include solar heat power generation, solar beam power generation, solar energy air conditioning, hot water supply systems, geothermal applications, and coals. Project teams were organized to discuss more precise identification of the current status of research and development, and increase in efficiency of the research activities. Since the Sunshine Project (which had begun in 1974) is coming close to completing the interim programs in the first term in fiscal 1980, it is thought necessary to provide assistance such as provision of items of information both for each group and on the collective basis. The basic issues at the end of the first term include presentation of the second term conception to the persons responsible of the program management, clarification of the evaluation criteria, strengthening of horizontal communication and adjustment functions in general, and feeding back of the surveys on the status of progress. Putting the basic problems in individual projects into order indicates necessity of discussion on the voucher control system, procedures of disposing of facilities after the related researches have been completed, issues of creating initial market, and expansion of technological discussions. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1999 research cooperation on the development of an advanced multimedia information system. Cooperation on joint research; 1999 nendo senshinteki multimedia joho system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. Kyodo kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report covers fiscal 1999 activities under a 5-year program which is a joint effort with China started in fiscal 1998 for the development and verification of a prototype for the above-named system to comprehensively deal with commodity distribution information, education and culture information, agriculture information, disaster/forest fire control information, medical treatment information, and environment monitor/flood watch information. A total of 12 Chinese researchers were invited to this country over the systems for disaster/forest fire control information and environment monitor/flood watch information, when the status in Japan and progress in China of the research were discussed. Joint research in China involved on-site surveys conducted relative to systems for commodity distribution information, education and culture information, medical treatment information, and environment monitor/flood watch information. Endeavors were then exerted, which concerned the survey of candidate locations for distribution centers, acknowledgement of the result of verification tests, training for equipment operation, arrangements for the contents of research, and the establishment of a mutual understanding toward the signing of annexes to the Agreement. (NEDO)

  14. R and D project for large industrial technologies in fiscal 1990. Report on achievements in R and D of robots for critical works; 1990 nendo seika hokokusho. Ogata kogyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Kyokugen sagyo robot no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-01-01

    Research and development have been performed on basic technologies common to different types of robots to carry out works in critical conditions. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1990. In the R and D of tactile sensors, a prototype multi-element sensor array applicable to fingers of a robot hand was produced, and the characteristics test was conducted. In the R and D of motive force technologies, a force controlled actuator for wrist containing a torque sensor was designed and produced on a trial basis, whereas evaluations were given on the size and weight reduction and the force control performance. Regarding the actuator with redundant degree of freedom, a force controlled arm was attached with an actuator with three degrees of freedom to have performed an evaluation experiment. With regard to a small size and light weight controller, fabrication was carried out on a multi-function, high-density controller which adds positional control and peripheral interface functions to the force controlling function, and an evaluation was given. In the R and D of robot language, discussions were given on robot languages related to each system of movement, manipulation, and sensors, and the grammar specifications were prepared. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1998 research report on development of the advanced industrial furnace (R and D on the advanced industrial furnace). Volume 3; 1998 nendo koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report summarizes the research results of the chapter 4 and 5 (experimental database) from the research report on development of the advanced industrial furnace. The chapter 4 summarizes functions of the temperature performance evaluation simulator of the advanced continuous heating furnace for the database system, and various research results obtained by the simulator. This chapter also summarizes the research result on the applicability of high-temperature air combustion to other industries, the patent research result on heat storage combustion technology, the basic technology research result, and the reaction analysis result by FLUENT. The chapter 5 summarizes the combustion experiment data collection by developing self-completion high-temperature high-radiation heating technology. As for R and D on technology optimizing the profile of heating furnaces, the following data are summarized: measurement data of heat transfer in furnaces and heat flux data at right overhead furnace temperature under cold air and preheated air combustion in conventional furnaces, and heat storage combustion. (NEDO)

  16. Leading research and study report for fiscal 1998. Research and study of 3-dimensional ion processing technologies; 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Sanjigen ion kako gijutsu no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Reported are the results of 'Research of 3-Dimensional Ion Processing Technologies.' Tasks to solve before the practical application of 3-dimensional technologies are extracted, and the possible effects of the new technologies on the creation of novel industries are investigated. In the field of new processing technologies, the special characteristics, current state, and tasks to solve are reported concerning the implantation technology, film formation technology, and hybridization which utilize plasma ion implantation. In the field of element technologies for device development, the current state and tasks of high-density plasma generation, homogeneous implantation, etc., are taken up, and the need is mentioned of inductively coupled plasma and surface wave excited plasma. As regards homogeneous implantation, the need is mentioned of technologies for forming matrix sheaths and pulsed plasma. In the field of 3-dimensional ion processing technologies application to the production of commercial goods, large items and their components such as automobiles, rollers, turbines, etc., are taken up, and the surface reforming technologies are reported, with reference made to their current state, tasks, predicted future market, concurrent technologies, feasibility of their application, the hopes and expectations they have aroused, etc. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on research and development of industrial technologies. Research and development of synergy ceramics; 1999 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts are conducted in the two fields of (1) survey and research and (2) development of technology for evaluating high temperature dynamic corrosion characteristics of heat resistant ceramics. In field (1), a comprehensive survey is conducted, an application study is conducted about high temperature gas separating ceramic membranes, and efforts are made to put to practical use ceramic parts manufactured by a low cost production process. In the application study of ceramic membranes, technologies are developed for a process of manufacturing high temperature gas separating porous ceramic membranes capable of separating and purifying gas emissions and gas ingredients, which involves the development of technologies for improving on gas separation and purification functions, development of technology of providing catalyst support function, technology of porous membrane formation, evaluation of separation characteristics, and so forth. In an application study for ceramic parts manufactured by a low cost manufacturing process, which involves structural ceramics, optimization is accomplished for materials synthesizing technologies by means of mechanical alloying, and cylinder liners are fabricated and evaluated for a natural gas engine made of silicon nitride based ceramics. In field (2), a high temperature dynamic corrosion testing device is built for heat shield coatings. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar heat power generation system (R and D on tower solar collection system); 1976 nendo taiyonetsu hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tower shuko hoshiki system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-05-27

    This report describes the fiscal 1976 research result on tower solar collection system for solar heat power generation systems, and summarizes main specifications of the subsystem, equipment and control of the 1,000kW pilot plant. Based on daily and monthly long-time simulation, various programs were prepared for power generation, heat storage and operation rate of equipment, and real arrangements for total simulation were made. The output fluctuation rate less than 1%/min was obtained by studying a control system flexible for drastic fluctuation of solar radiation using the newly prepared dynamic characteristic equation for a steam loop. 10kW solar collection test was carried out using a pancake type heat absorber. Practical basic analysis was made on a heliostat driving system. A cavity type heat absorber was adopted in consideration of cost, operability and heat discharge. Based on thermal characteristics of a heat storage type heat exchanger using molten salt as heat medium, basic experiment was made on a compact latent heat type heat exchanger. Basic studies were also made on reflector, selective absorption surface and heat storage material. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report for fiscal 1992. Research and development of ceramic gas turbine (Study on its adaptability with society); 1992 nendo ceramic gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shakai tekigosei kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-05-01

    With an objective to attain a guideline for putting ceramic gas turbine (CGT) into practical application, conceptual discussions on the CGT based industrial cogeneration system (CGS) and the CGT based CGS simulations were performed to discuss quantitatively the effects of the system introduction, and estimate latent markets based on the result of calculating the introduction effects. In addition, investigations were carried out on Germany as the advanced nation with regard to the systems according to utilization patterns, load profiles, operation cost, exhaust gas measures, and the related laws and regulations. The activities may be summarized specifically as follows: 1) putting the back-data for industrial energy demand into order; 2) calculation of CGT introduction effects in industrial areas; 3) discussions on latent demand and social adaptability of CGT in the industrial area; and 4) investigations in overseas countries. Item 2 is composed of the conceptual design of industrial CGT/CGS, and the simulations on the actual status of energy demand in industrial business operation centers and on the effects of the industrial CGT/CGS. (NEDO)

  20. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979. Research hydrogen energy subsystems (Research on hydrogen fueled automobiles); 1979 nendo suiso energy subsystem no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Suiso jidosha system no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    This paper describes research achievements in fiscal 1979 in research on hydrogen fueled automobiles as a research on hydrogen energy subsystems. The previous fiscal year has researched heat insulation methods to reduce evaporation loss from a hydrogen tank, prototype liquid level meters, prototype feed pumps (especially material selection for sliding parts) and a flow rate control method. Fiscal 1979 performed measurements of temperatures in different parts in the tank to elucidate how the heat makes invasion. Measurements were performed for the pump on suction valve behavior, internal pump compression force, liner temperatures, and leakage amount. The status of operation was identified and a high performance pump for use in very low temperatures was developed successfully. The pump has high delivery pressure, good durability, and capability of fine adjustment in the delivery quantity. This made the direct injection system for hydrogen fuel possible. Injection of hydrogen into an engine was possible by vaporizing liquefied hydrogen and supplying it as a low temperature gas used at 0 to -40 degrees C. The system has high efficiency. Fuel feed control was possible at the same level as in the existing automobiles. The prototype direct injection system can handle stably the load in actual cars. Material for the fuel tank is an important problem in terms of weight, whose solution is urged. (NEDO)

  1. Leading research and study report for fiscal 1998. Research and study of 3-dimensional ion processing technologies; 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Sanjigen ion kako gijutsu no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Reported are the results of 'Research of 3-Dimensional Ion Processing Technologies.' Tasks to solve before the practical application of 3-dimensional technologies are extracted, and the possible effects of the new technologies on the creation of novel industries are investigated. In the field of new processing technologies, the special characteristics, current state, and tasks to solve are reported concerning the implantation technology, film formation technology, and hybridization which utilize plasma ion implantation. In the field of element technologies for device development, the current state and tasks of high-density plasma generation, homogeneous implantation, etc., are taken up, and the need is mentioned of inductively coupled plasma and surface wave excited plasma. As regards homogeneous implantation, the need is mentioned of technologies for forming matrix sheaths and pulsed plasma. In the field of 3-dimensional ion processing technologies application to the production of commercial goods, large items and their components such as automobiles, rollers, turbines, etc., are taken up, and the surface reforming technologies are reported, with reference made to their current state, tasks, predicted future market, concurrent technologies, feasibility of their application, the hopes and expectations they have aroused, etc. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on R and D, and application technology of biotechnology; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Bio technology no kenkyu kaihatsu, sangyoka gijutsu nado ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Survey was made mainly on use of biotechnology as resource saving and energy saving processes. Biotechnology is in wide use in a pharmaceutical field, while its application is on the increase in agriculture, food, chemistry, energy and environment fields. The USA is ahead of Japan and Europe. In the USA, there are more than 1000 ventures, and R and D of biotechnology, in particular, gene analysis and manipulation techniques are in progress together with acquisition of patents. In biomass energy, production of ethanol from corn, and development of biodiesel are in progress in the USA and Europe, respectively. Use of biomass should be promoted because of its global environment compatibility and sustainable productivity. In the future bio-market, genome analysis and its application are most important, however, Japan is behind in such technology in the world. The Joint approach by industry, university and government is necessary from the viewpoint of a future marketability and international competitiveness. Promotion of a public acceptance and nurture of creative talents are also important. (NEDO)

  3. Research cooperation project for fiscal 1998. Research cooperation on the research and development of environment measuring laser radar (Follow-up); 1998 nendo kankyo keisokuyo laser reda no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. Flow up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research and development of laser radars for observing urban atmospheric pollution is jointly conducted by Japan and Indonesia for the goal of contributing to the construction of an administrative system on environmental matters compatible with the actualities of Indonesia. Under this project, laser radars are installed at three sites in the city of Djakarta where environmental problems are increasingly serious, an observation network system is constructed connecting the laser radar sites, and the data are collected, analyzed, and processed by a data processing center. This enables the acquisition of information about the pollution of urban atmosphere through the observation of the 3-dimensional distribution of atmospheric pollution. In fiscal 1998, the last year for follow-up, engineers and researches are dispatched by 'ODA (official development assistance) laser radar observation assistance committee' for assistance in system maintenance and pollution observation. System maintenance is carried out so that the laser radar system may be utilized by the Indonesian party. Observation assistance involves Mie scattering, and the Indonesian party is engaged in a long-term continuous laser radar observation. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1998 report on the result of the R and D of human sense measurement application technology. II. Main issue (1); 1998 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho. 2. Honronhen (1)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the FY 1998 R and D on human sense measurement application technology. Term I of this project is FY 1990-1994, when the interim evaluation was made. The project entered Term II of FY 1995-1998. In Term II, developments were made of the human sense measuring technology to make a 'measure' for health/safety and amenity/convenience which are important to human life, study of application examples for studying effectiveness by concretely applying this measuring technology to examples of products and working place/residential environment, evaluation simulation technology to qualitatively/objectively measure/evaluate amenity and adaptability in stead of humans, human sense database models which collected various human sense data obtained in measuring, etc. Through these technology development, the systematization of human sense indexes is attempted, and finally the following are conducted: development of measuring technology of kindness and evaluation equipment, environment/product design support, manual making for human sense measurement, construction of human sense database, etc. In FY 1998, the results of the measuring technology were mainly obtained. (NEDO)

  5. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1980. Research on fuel cells (Research on aqueous alkaline solution electrolyte fuel cells); 1980 nendo nenryo denchi no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Arukari suiyoeki denkaishitsu nenryo denchi no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This paper describes the achievements in fiscal 1980 in the Sunshine Project on developing aqueous alkaline solution electrolyte fuel cells. The oxygen electrode is a silver catalyst electrode using as carriers carbon lack and graphite powders having good corrosion resistance. A continuous discharge test was performed on the electrode for 3,000 hours. Furnace black having large surface area and naturally colloidal graphite showed stable performance. The hydrogen electrode, which is a catalyst electrode made of Raney-Ni containing third elements was given a 3000-hour continuous discharge test, where Zr addition presented stable performance. Activated carbon was found a good carrier in platinum added electrodes. For electrodes operating under high pressure gases, electrodes attached with sintered nickel film are suitable. With regard to prototype cells, laminated cells with high volume efficiency structured mainly with gasket seals were designed and fabricated. The IV characteristics measurement and continuous discharge test thereon revealed no functional problems. Furthermore, cells having electrode area of 100 cm{sup 2} and using bipolar sheets made of carbon were verified capable of withstanding 2000-hour continuous discharge. A non-conductive resin mold was proposed to prevent electrolytic corrosion of the carbon sheets. Discussions were given also on corrosion resistance of bonding agents. (NEDO)

  6. Report for fiscal 1995 on simple operation type CAD/CAM system development through international cooperation. Research results; 1995 nendo 'kan'i sosagata denshi sekkei seisan shien system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku' ni kansuru hokokusho. Kenkyu seika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This 5-year project beginning in FY 1994 is aimed at joint researches with various Asian countries for development of simply operable electronic designs and manufacturing support systems, which supports development of supporting industries (SI) for manufacturing industries in these countries. The project is being implemented in a total of 5 countries, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, in cooperation with the research institutes with which NEDO has concluded the basic contracts. The following three working groups are established to study construction of the model systems and design these systems for promotion of the joint project in each country; (1) automobiles and their parts, (2) home electric/electronic appliances, and their parts, and (3) textiles and apparels. The FY 1995 project results are described. The working group (1) covers definitions of the business models and conditions for systematizing these models for the demonstration tests. The working group (2) covers development of the electronic catalogues, electronic yellow pages/preproto types, and concurrent engineering. The working group (3) covers the SGML sewing technique specification systems, surveys and utilization tests for network infrastructures, international EDI systems for the textile industry, and translation systems for technical terms of the textile industry. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1991 Research and development project for large-scale industrial technologies. Report on results of R and D of superhigh technological machining systems; 1991 nendo chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 1991 results of the R and D project aimed at establishment of superprecision machining technologies for developing machining technologies and nano-technologies aided by excited beams. The researches on the superprecision machining technologies involve design and development, on a trial basis, of the totally static pressure type positioning device, for which automatically controlling drawing is adopted to improve its rigidity. The researches on the surface modification technologies aided by ion beams involve scanning the ion beams onto the metallic plate to be provided around the glass substrate. The results indicate that the secondary electrons generated can be used to control charge-up. In addition, part of a 30cm square glass substrate is modified by implantation of the spot type ions of high current density, and the modified portion is used to produce a thin-film silicon transistor. The researches on superhigh-technological machining standard measurement involve improvement of precision of the system aided by a dye laser, which attains a precision of 0 to 30nm in a 0.1m measurement range. (NEDO)

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on research under Sunshine Program. Basic research on high-calorie gas production technology; 1981 nendo sunshinte keikaku kenkyu seika hokokusho. Kokarori gas seizo gijutsu no kiso kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Test and research are conducted for acquiring basic data regarding coal gasification. In the basic research for the development of a high-calorie gas production process, a small moving bed gas furnace is improved, and a high-calorie gas of a heating value of approximately 5,100kcal/m{sup 3} is stably produced at a rate of approximately 20m{sup 3} per diem. The carbon conversion rate turns out to be approximately 37% for the gas, approximately 53% for the residual char, and approximately 10% for a mixture of tar, naphthalene, benzene, phenol, etc. Hydrogen is produced making use of the residual char when a small amount of coal is added, and it is deemed that the first experiment for the development of a moving bed hydrogasification process has been successfully completed. In the study of the mechanism of hydrogasification reaction, the result of a preliminary experiment in a fixed bed pressurized gasification furnace is compared with the data from a continuous gasification experiment, and the relationship is determined between the coal feed rate and the reaction rate. Conducted besides are a basic study of problems relating to operation, basic research on a reaction mechanism (carbonization by rapid heating), estimation of the equilibrium composition of gas generated by coal gasification, etc. (NEDO)

  9. Leading research report for fiscal 1998 on the super-survey (Next-generation underground exploration technology); 1998 nendo super survey (jisedai chika tansa gijutsu) no chosa kenkyu sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches are conducted on innovative mineral resources exploration technologies which use seismic waves or scattered electromagnetic waves to grasp the 3-dimensional structure in the ground. In fiscal 1998, a concrete research and development program is formulated, under which the seismic method and electromagnetic method will deal with an approximately 1km{sup 2}-large area of metalliferous deposit seated approximately 500m deep. In addition, researches are conducted overseas on the trend of related technologies. At an NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) workshop held at the Society of Exploration Geophysicist, U.S., application of the NMR method to water is suggested. At a European Geophysical Society of environmental research and civil engineering event, useful knowledge is acquired about a 4-dimensional sounding (monitoring) technique in which a time axis is added to the 3-dimensional sounding technique and a high-resolution high-efficiency sounding system for probing shallow layers. During visits at Australian institutes concerned with the electromagnetic sounding technology, the trend of probing technologies especially those using the superconducting quantum interface device (SQUID) is gasped. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1999 achievement report on the development of high performance boilers. R and D on high performance industrial furnaces, etc.; 1999 nendo koseino boiler no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This project started in FY 1993 to survey the actual state of industrial use boilers. Based on the results of the survey, in fiscal 1995, 1996 and 1997, no improvement of the present technology which has limits, but the development was made of the oxygen combustion and element technology which are factors for heightening boiler performance with a new idea first in the world. In fiscal 1998, a target for the overall thermal efficiency of 105% was settled by testing a pilot plant where the element technology was integrated into the small once-through boiler, flue/smoke tube boiler, water tube boiler, etc. In fiscal 1999, the target of the overall thermal efficiency of boiler was reached by a pilot plant test to clarify combustion characteristics, heat transfer characteristics, environmental characteristics, etc. Further, effects of energy saving were increased by the adoption method of oxygen supply equipment. Concretely, an overall boiler efficiency of 105.73% exceeding the targeted value of 105% was achieved at a pilot plant of actual scale, by concentrating the results of each of the element technologies such as 'oxygen combustion,' 'condensation type flue gas heat exchanger,' 'high performance combustion control device,' and 'rapid rotating auxiliary machine.' (NEDO)

  11. Achievement report for fiscal 1990. Research and development of ceramic gas turbine (Study on its adaptability with society); 1990 nendo ceramic gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shakai tekigosei kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-05-01

    With an objective to assist proliferation of ceramic gas turbine (CGT) which is desired of being put into practical use at an early time because of its effects of energy conservation, environmental preservation, and economic influence, investigations and studies were made on the CGT systems for cogeneration and portable power generation with regard to their latent markets, utilization patterns, and durability. In Section 1, investigations were given on stocking quantity by size in civil use buildings as the back-data for identification of effects by CGT and for estimation of its proliferation; identification of electric power to heat ratio (heat quantity/electric power amount) and patterns in use of energy in industries promising in CGT introduction; and on stocking quantity, energy demand and utilization patterns in industrial facilities. In Section 2, discussions were given on heat-power characteristics of the CGT, and energy utilization systems as the feasibility study on applicability of the cogeneration using the CGT. In Section 3, discussions were given on corrosion resistance of non-oxide based ceramics in relation with durability of the CGT, and oxidation behavior of silicon carbides in high temperature steam. In Section 4, future investigation assignments were discussed. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1991. Research and development of ceramic gas turbine (Study on its adaptability with society); 1991 nendo ceramic tas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shakai tekigosei kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-05-01

    With an objective to assist proliferation of ceramic gas turbine (CGT) which is desired of being put into practical use at an early time because of its effects of energy conservation and environmental preservation, discussions were given on the cogeneration system (CGS) with regard to the system design, the effect calculation and its latent markets. In Section 1, discussions were given on the energy demand characteristics in business facilities such as hotels and hospitals, and on the CGS using the CGT. Section 2 calculates effects of introducing the CGT/CGS in business facilities, Section 3 discusses the latent market quantity of the CGT/CGS for business facilities, and its social adaptability including the environmental load, Section 4 studies the CGT characteristics and the status of its development, Section 5 researches heat resistant ceramics members, and Section 6 considers the future GCT utilization fields and problems in its effective utilization. In Section 2, it was estimated that the maximum energy saving effect can reach 21% when a facility that has been operated on purchased electric power and town gas introduced a CGT/CGS system consisted mainly of an absorption type freezer and a boiler. (NEDO)

  13. Overview of FY1997 human media technology R and D; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports a summary of results in fiscal 1997 of research and development of human media technology. Fiscal 1997 launched design and trial fabrication of the following items: interface to improve efficiency and safety of plant operators, accommodation of multimedia contents to aid Kansei design, city development design aiding technologies using contents retrieval and presentation technologies and virtual reality, and empirical evaluation technologies for safety, comfort and convenience. Specific study assignments were extracted on a virtual media technology, a Kansei media technology and a knowledge media technology being three elementary technologies for human media to make clear the research and development approaches to be taken in the coming fiscal years. In addition, a human media technology committee, a research and development working group, and an investigation working group were established. Also launched were investigations on research trends in the human media technology, and investigative researches on contacts of information needs in industries with human media. 59 refs., 114 figs., 24 tabs.

  14. FY 1986 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. Part 1. Development of elementary techniques; 1986 nendo super heat pump energy shuseki system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1. Yoso gijutsu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-04-01

    Summarized in detail herein are R and D results of the super high performance heat pumps and elementary equipment and working fluids, for R and D of the super heat pump energy accumulation system. For R and D of the super high performance compression heat pumps, the R and D efforts are directed to development of new working fluids, high-performance heat exchangers, closed motors and so on for the highly efficient type (for heating only); to researches on mixed coolants, high-efficiency screw compressors and so on for the highly efficient type (for cooling and heating); to development of tooth shape of the screw compression section, surveys on thermal stability of the working fluids for heating and so on for the high temperature type (utilizing low temperature heat source); and to R and D of the high-speed reciprocating compressors and steam superchargers for the high temperature type (utilizing high temperature heat source). For R and D of the elementary equipment and working fluids, researches are conducted on evaporators for mixed working fluids, condensers utilizing the EHD effect, stainless steel plate fin type heat exchangers, heat exchangers for the chemical heat accumulation unit, and so on. The R and D efforts are also directed to the working fluids (alcohol-based and nonalcohol-based). (NEDO)

  15. Achievement report for fiscal 1989. Research and development of ceramic gas turbine (Study on its adaptability with society); 1989 nendo ceramic gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shakai tekigosei kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-05-01

    Ceramic gas turbine (CGT) is superior in the aspects of high efficiency, low pollution, multi-kind fuel performance, small size, and light weight. Its utilization field is broad, whereas putting it into practical use at an early time is desired from the viewpoints of energy conservation, reduction in CO2 emission, resource conservation, and economic influence. The utilization field of CGT may include cogeneration and portable power generator, but putting it into practical use requires that it be superior in environment protection performance such as gas exhaust, noise and vibration, economic performance, safety, and adaptability with the utilization fields. From such a viewpoint, discussions were given on its adaptability with the society based on different characteristics of the CGT, and other conditions such as related laws and regulations. The first edition investigated the developmental trends in ceramic materials, and the second edition studied the CGT utilizing systems, in particular, the status of utilization and proliferation of the current cogeneration systems. The edition evaluated various conditions required for conceptual design of the system. The third edition put into order the environmental regulations and future trends in order to identify the effect of introducing the CGT. (NEDO)

  16. Leading survey and research report for fiscal 1999. Survey and research on supercompiler technology; 1999 nendo supercompiler technology no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Survey and research are conducted into the global computing technology and the next-generation parallel computer for their compiler technology and programming environment-related technology, which is for the preparation of basic key technologies for the embodiment of high-performance computing for the next generation, and efforts are exerted to extract and define technological problems and to deliberate a research system to achieve the goal. This fiscal year's achievements are mentioned below. Two territories were provided to be respectively covered by a Parallel Compiler Working Group and a Global Computing Working Group whose activities centered about overseas surveys and short-term reception of researchers from abroad. The Parallel Compiler Working Group was engaged in (1) the technological survey of the latest parallel compiler technology and, in its effort to execute researches under the project, in (2) the materialization of the contents of technology research and development and in (3) the materialization of a technology research and development system. The Global Computing Working Group was engaged in (1) the technological survey of the latest high-performance global computing and in (2) the survey of fields to accept global computing application. (NEDO)

  17. Report on results of R and D of coal liquefaction technology in fiscal 1981; 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika setsumeisho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This paper explains the results of development of coal liquefaction technology under the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. In connection with solvent extraction and liquefaction, an 1 t/day experimental plant was completed for bituminous coals and operated continuously for 153 hours. An examination also started for the development of a 250 t/day pilot plant. As the element studies, R and D is in progress on the solvent extraction and liquefaction process, solid-liquid separation, secondary hydrogenation, and plant materials. In brown coals, the construction work of a 50 t/day pilot plant started for the purpose of establishing liquefaction technology for brown coal in Victoria State, Australia, with a part of the equipment manufactured. As the element studies, research was conducted on primary hydrogenation, deliming, secondary hydrogenation, dehydration and catalysts. In solvolysis liquefaction, a short-time concluding liquefaction reaction was continuously performed by a plant of 1 t/day scale. In direct hydro-liquefaction, a 2.4 t/day experimental plant was constructed, with the element studies conducted successively. In other words, researches were carried out by the bench scale plant on liquefaction, solid-liquid separation, iron-based catalysts, catalyst and reutilization, motive force recovery system by hydrohoist, and effect of preheating and deaeration. (NEDO)

  18. Summary of results of research on magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) generation in fiscal 1977; 1977 nendo denji ryutai (MHD) hatsuden kenkyu seika gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-08-01

    This is the summary of results of the research on MHD generation in fiscal 1977. In the experimental studies on MHD generators using a copper/iron magnet, the combustor of the Mark 7 generator was manufactured and installed, as were the supply systems of fuel, oxygen, air, seed, sulfur dioxide, cooling water, etc., respectively of the Mark 7 generator based on the design implemented in the previous year. In the studies on element technologies, various tests were performed, namely, immersion tests by K{sub 2}SO{sub 4} solution for electrode materials; tests of corrosion resistance, thermal shock resistance, and compatibility with electrode materials, for insulation wall materials; and material selection tests, based on a dynamic state, for consumption quantity and distribution, surface temperature and heat flow, measurement of arc spot generating critical current and electrode lowering voltage, etc.. In the research on the MHD generation system, examinations were carried out on the position of MHD generation as a total system, as well as on a system of a practical plant, MHD generation for peak load, superconducting magnet, etc. In addition, examinations were also conducted on the Mark 7 calculation, Mark 8 plan, surveys on overseas trend, etc. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1993 study of engineering for making areas prosperous using natural energy; 1993 nendo kankyo chowagata green techno system no kokusai kyoryoku model ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    The paper studied the engineering for activating areas using natural energy. A system has started in which electric power companies purchase surplus electric power from the natural energy use power generation such as the wind power and photovoltaic power generation, etc., and a lot of local self-governing bodies in the country plan `projects to promote town` using the system. However, few engineers and makers can plan `a project to promote town,` making effective use of natural energy which is fickle. Therefore, first, the paper arranged the actual status mostly of the cases of `the projects` using natural energy which have been carried out in the country. Next, the trend of the natural energy utilization technology in countries including the U.S. was described. Moreover, assuming model areas in Japan for working out a concept of model projects on the natural energy utilization and town promotion, a concept was proposed making full use of the utilization technology which has now usability. Arrangement is being made for conditions for the full scale spread as seen in the subsidy system for general users. 3 refs., 176 figs., 61 tabs.

  20. Fiscal 1993 report on technological results. R and D on micromachine technology; 1993 nendo micro machine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-01

    Researches on basic element technology of micromachines are conducted with the view of establishing a mechanical system constituted of minute functional elements that perform autonomous operations in a narrow small part of complicated equipment in a power station for example or in a living body. The areas of activity are 1. research on micro actuators and 2. research on basic technology of micromachine; 1 is classified into researches of (1) shape-memory actuator, (2) bending and stretching type actuator, and (3) integrated micro actuator, while 2 is classified into researches of (1) total system for medical diagnosis, (2) micro tactile sensing technology and laser applied diagnosis/treatment technology, and (3) blood pressure/blood circulation sensing technology. In 1-(1), a chemo-mechanical actuator was studied using a shape memory alloy (SMA) and a high polymer gel, and in 1-(2), an SMA and bimetal were employed as a source of the driving force. Further, examination was also made on a fluid driving type actuator. (NEDO)

  1. FY 2000 report on the results of the R and D of fundamental technologies for semi conductivity applications; 2000 nendo chodendo oyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    In relation to the project on the R and D of fundamental technologies for semi conductivity applications, the FY 2000 results were summed up. As to the study of the high temperature superconductivity mechanism, it was found out that a theoretical model of the strong scattering limit in d-wave superconductor can be used for the breaking of superconductivity due to Zn impurities. Concerning the study of the critical current mechanism, the elucidation was proceeded with of the magnetic flux pinning and grain-boundary conduction mechanism. Relating to the development of element technology of bulks with great electromagnetic force, the mechanical strength of superconducting bulk materials was raised to 100MPa or more by the epoxy resin impregnation method. As to the development of the basic technology for fabrication of high next-generation current conductors, the expansion was confirmed of conditions for growing single grains in the zone-melt process for very fine filaments. About the development of technology of single crystal substrates, in the development of the pseudo single crystalline film growth process by LPE method, a yield ratio of high quality crystal of 63% was achieved. Concerning the development of technology of thin film/multi-layer, the area of uniform composition/thickness of NdBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} MOCVD films was enlarged up to 20mm square. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1999 leading research report. Research on 3-D cell tissue module technology; 1999 nendo sanjigen saibo soshiki module kogaku chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For forming cell tissues alternative to bio-tissues, this research targets the technology for forming bio-tissue modules by cultivating 3-D cell tissues from various kinds of cells. In fiscal 1999, research was made on various issues of element technologies necessary for forming module structure of bio-tissues, and study was also made on the application of 3-D cell tissue module engineering to industrial fields. Survey was made on element technologies and solutions supporting such engineering, and in addition, on progressive conditions of cell cultivation techniques, and concrete techniques for expressing cell functions. Research was made on a cell behavior under physicochemical stimulus environment to study the optimum environment for cell multiplication and function expression. Further research was made on state analysis of cells, in particular, fast precise measurement techniques of activation or malignant of cells and secretion of toxic substances by physical/optical analytical evaluation techniques such as photo-CT and spectroscopic analysis, and biochemical analysis techniques using bio-sensors. Study was also made on successful development and application cases of practical bio-artificial organs in western countries. (NEDO)

  3. Research and development on fusion zones in fiscal 1999. Third volume. Biomolecular mechanism and design; 1999 nendo yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 3. Biomolecular mechanism and design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    It was intended to elucidate the structures of living organisms having excellent functions and the principles of these functions, and to create cells, structural bodies and molecular mechanisms that substitute these functions outside the bodies of the living organisms. Therefore, research and development has been performed on the fundamental technologies, whose achievements are compiled. In the research of creating cultured bones and cartilages, marrow cells and cartilage cells were cultured while providing physiological active materials and mechanical stimulation. Porous ceramics and porous biodegradating polymers coated with collagen were used as the substrate materials to have created artificial cartilages. In the research of structural change in a molecule motor, a low temperature electron microscope was used to make the structure visualized successfully for the first time. In the research of creating an artificial liver, the world's first cells like stem cells separated and refined from liver cells were cultured three dimensionally in a bio-reactor using special cultivation solution to have established the basic technology. In the research of libozyme, sensor function and high catalytic function were realized successfully in the cells by dimerizing libozymes. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (solar heat power generation); 1974 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyonetsu hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1974 research result on solar heat power generation. The following are promising as solar heat power plant sites in Japan: Large-scale sites such as the foot of volcanos, riverbed, railway site and road, medium-scale sites such as isolated island, saltpan site and industrial park, and small-scale sites such as factory site, factory roof floor, housing complex, warehouse and school. Based on the primary concept design of both curved reflector type and tower type 1,000kW class solar heat power plants, various requirements were clarified roughly. It was clarified that food, fiber and non-ferrous metal factories can cover 80-90% of their thermal energy requirements with high- temperature solar heat, while factories related to food and fiber can cover even nearly 100% of their electric power requirements with solar heat. Study was also made on specifications of a solar simulator as common use facility necessary for characteristic evaluation of equipment and materials for solar heat power generation systems. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 2000 report on results of R and D of welfare techno-system in Mitaka City; 2000 nendo walfare techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Mitaka) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Studies were made for the purpose of probing effects of utilizing body sensory game machines for the functional recovery training and exercise of the elderly and handicapped, with the fiscal 2000 results reported. In the verification by existing game machines, a game center was made available free of charge, providing free experience for the elderly, with the image traced of the elderly for the game machines based on the record of the machines used, questionnaires and interviews. In addition, four body-sensory game machines that were supposed to be effective for the exercise of the joints were installed in a day care center for six months, with a verification test performed on the adaptability of the elderly to the speed and the like of the game machines. In the development of a game machine intended for the exercise of the lower extremities, researchers tackled the development of a game machine in which an entertainment/amusement nature was added to the exercise of the lower extremities. An experimental model was developed based on a principle providing a virtual reality as if the user were walking in a tourist area of scenic beauty by moving a scenery linked with a foot pedal type exercising pattern. (NEDO)

  6. Leading research report for fiscal 1999. Fundamental technology of spin electronic device; 1999 nendo spin toronikusu soshi kiban gijutsu kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The project, with attention paid to both spin and charge of electrons, aims to draw the best of the said two attributes of electrons by use of the state of the art in manufacturing technology for the creation of novel electronic devices. The nonvolatile MRAM (magnetic random access memory), which is the nearest to commercialization, is a tunnel device consisting of two sheet-shape ferromagnetic metal electrodes and an insulator film sandwiched between the said two electrodes, with the lower electrode magnetized only in one direction. The tunnel resistance changes when the magnetization direction in the upper electrode changes left and right (1, 0) according to an external writing magnetic field, and this enables nondestructive readout. The upper electrode magnetization direction remains unchanged thanks to hysteresis when the external writing magnetic field is turned off, and this allows the device to serve as a nonvolatile memory device. The device has a potential for higher speeds and enhanced integration. Much is also expected from a spin conduction functional device utilizing spin-dependent electric conduction, spin optical function device, spin quantum calculation directly utilizing quantum state, magnetic field sensor, etc. Their importance is great economically and socially, and technologies relating to magnetism and semiconductor should be merged for their further development. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1998 report on the R and D of micromachine technology. R and D of micromachine technology; 1998 nendo micromachine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the comprehensive investigational study of micromachine technology, the paper aims at clarifying the improvement of functional devices and the future development of micromachine technology for establishment of the technology needed to realize a micromachine system composing of small-functional elements for conducting diagnosis/cure/repair, movement and independent work in small portions in living organism, disaster site, etc. and a medical-use micromachine system to analyze/react on a trace of liquid. In this fiscal year, the following were carried out: 1) study of micromachine systems, 2) study of a medical-use micromachine system to analyze/react on a trace liquid, and 3) comprehensive investigational study. In 1), studies were made toward the minuteness and improvement of micro laser catheter and micro tactile sensor catheter as functional devices which become the main components of micro catheter for cerebrovascular diagnosis/therapy use and toward the minuteness and improvement of disaster relief use micromachine system. In 2), study was made of element technology of a micro-machine system having functions of sampling/analysis/reaction of a trace of liquid. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1999 report on the survey of the international joint research project on medical welfare equipment; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of internationally cooperating in the R and D of medical welfare equipment, visits were paid to Australia and the U.S. to survey the related administration/research institutes/medical welfare facilities. Australia is a world leader of heart (transplant) operation, organ transplant, artificial middle ear, apneic relaxation equipment, ophthalmological equipment, bio-materials, etc. The country wants to positively promote the international cooperation with Japan because both countries are complementary to each other. Starting about 1999, the U.S. entered the age of competition of the R and D with the use of genome, and the post-genome age is already beginning there. A number of ventures are running for creation of new industry. As to the U.S. government's measures taken for subsidy, regulation, etc. toward new industry, the information could be obtained from the persons concerned. The impression of a tour of welfare facilities in the U.S. was that hardware/software are systematically prepared there, and the aged live bright and positive lives and enjoy lives. (NEDO)

  9. FY 1998 annual report on the research and development of non-linear, opto-electronic materials; 1998 nendo hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The final assessment of researches on non-linear, opto-electronic materials was conducted in FY 1988. These researches are evaluated as the world-level basic researches, high in potential of giving ripple effects on various areas. The R and D themes are organic, low-molecular-weight materials; technology for orientation-controlled crystal growth; conjugated polymer films; microcrystallite-doped glasses using vapor deposition and stuffing method; glass composite materials using sol-gel method and ultra-low melting point glass; nanoparticle-dispersed glasses using super-cooling technology; materials dispersed in organic compounds; organic superlattice formation; three-dimensionally superstructured materials; and comprehensive surveys and researches. The researches and surveys on the common basic techniques were recommissioned to Universities of Tokyo, Keio Gijuku, Nagoya, Tohoku and Hokkaido. These themes are analytical methods for non-linear optical characteristics; morphology-controlled crystal growth of nonlinear-optical organic materials and fundamental studies on all-optical devices; large enhancement of optical nonlinearity and its mechanism in nanocrystals embedded in matrices; improvement of organic materials for high performance; and ultrafast nonlinear optical processes and their application for controlling ultrafast optical pulses. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (total system); 1976 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Total system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    For every solar energy utilization field, its background, feasibility, impact in practical use, and R and D policy in Japan were studied. Heating and hot water supply by solar energy are already practical because of less technical problems and reasonable profitability, and cooling is also practical as far as a technical viewpoint. At present, the technical level of solar heat power generation is in the stage of basic technology, however, in the future, development of economically reasonable systems will be demanded as well as establishment of its technology. The most difficult problem for realizing practical solar cell power generation systems is cost reduction. It is also another problem that a big demand of Si for solar cells further exceeds the current yield of Si in a semiconductor industry. A small-scale hybrid solar cell power generation system applicable to the roof of general residences is already feasible. Although a solar furnace is still poor in application to industrial fields, it is expected as the leading part for a future solar heat chemical industry. (NEDO)

  11. Report on the FY 1999 R and D survey on ultra-high sensitive photoelectric converter; 1999 nendo chokokando koden henkan soshi ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    By the ICB method which is one of the ion engineering methods, photomultipliers were formed using organic dye thin films. By changing the energy to bond traps on thin film/metal electrode interface and electric charges by change of acceleration energy of ion beams, a technology was developed for adjusting the optimum operating temperature between -20 degrees C and +100 degrees C. The wide range of operating temperature and favorable SN ratio can be realized. It was made clear that the dark current of the photomultiplier is composed of two components of contribution by the residual charge stored on the interface at photomultiplying and of contribution by charge injection from the Schottky barrier. Based on this, the residual electric charge removal method by heating and applied pulse voltage was developed. The development for practical use was studied of ultra-high sensitive photoelectric converters. As an intelligent photo sensor, a biomimetic visual photosensor was proposed which uses amplification/memory/arithmetic functions and film formation/processability of organic thin films. The paper also described the image sensor. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of advanced functional materials designing platform; 1998 nendo kokino zairyo sekkei platform no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Stated in this paper are the reports of the working groups (WGs) for the above-named endeavor and the reports on the achievements of the universities to whom the jobs had been commissioned. WG1 carried out research and development related to the coarse-grained molecular dynamics method. WG2 dealt with mesoscale structures, which are quite larger than atoms, such the phase separated structure of polymer molecules and interfacial structures, worked for the construction of a general-purpose simulator system for reproducing/predicting their dynamic properties, and studied the properties of polymers by use of the said simulator system. WG3 worked on polymeric phenomena large in scale in terms of both space and time. Faculty of Engineering, Yamagata University, constructed a materials physical property database necessary in designing materials by simulation. Institute of Industrial Science, Tokyo University, studied the viscoelastic phase isolation at the quantitative level. Tokyo University's Faculty of Engineering-managed study teams investigated the nano-scale structures and properties of polymer materials. Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, performed research and development about the meso-scale behavior of multi-constituent polymers. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Robot control system; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Robot seigyo system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    R and D of the robot control system was conducted in the following items: 1) integrated open control system, 2) remote control robot manipulation language, 3) human factor robot use built-in LAN system, 4) built-in actuator driver. In 1), there were some problems to be pointed out around the system, but the effectiveness was confirmed as system architecture of each verification item. In 2), development/design were made of RCML(R-Cube Manipulation Language) as a remote robot manipulation language, telecommunication protocol, and the experimental system, and the international standardization was targeted. In 3), the R and D was conducted of the realtime telecommunication protocol which clears the standards for the distributed control required for construction of human factor robot and the advanced realtime micro-controller, ULSI, which is the one that the protocol was made IC. In 4), an intelligent connector for built-in actuator was developed which enables saving of wiring in robot system and plug-in connection. 13 refs., 186 figs., 53 tabs.

  14. Fiscal 1996 investigational research on the chemical process technology using supercritical fluids; 1996 nendo chorinkai ryutai wo riyoshita kagaku process gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Importance was studied of making a research on the chemical process technology using the supercritical fluid. As for its effect on global warming, the amount of CO2 emission was compared during the operation between the conventional process and the process using the supercritical fluid, the CO2 reduction rate and amount were trially calculated, and a CO2 reduction of a several ten thousand ton scale in carbon conversion was predicted. As to hazardous materials and the reaction of waste retrieval, it was made clear that the process using the supercritical fluid was valid also for objects for which the chemical process used to be impossible, which indicates a possibility of the widening field of application. Concerning its effect on the energy conservation, energy reduction of several ten thousand tons in heavy oil conversion was predicted by replacing all the existing processes with supercritical fluids. Relating to the recycling, with the use of supercritical fluids, the process is possible which produces higher quality and yield and fewer unnecessary products such as char than the conventional process. 197 refs., 102 figs., 71 tabs.

  15. Research and development on fusion zones in fiscal 1999. Third volume. Biomolecular mechanism and design; 1999 nendo yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 3. Biomolecular mechanism and design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    It was intended to elucidate the structures of living organisms having excellent functions and the principles of these functions, and to create cells, structural bodies and molecular mechanisms that substitute these functions outside the bodies of the living organisms. Therefore, research and development has been performed on the fundamental technologies, whose achievements are compiled. In the research of creating cultured bones and cartilages, marrow cells and cartilage cells were cultured while providing physiological active materials and mechanical stimulation. Porous ceramics and porous biodegradating polymers coated with collagen were used as the substrate materials to have created artificial cartilages. In the research of structural change in a molecule motor, a low temperature electron microscope was used to make the structure visualized successfully for the first time. In the research of creating an artificial liver, the world's first cells like stem cells separated and refined from liver cells were cultured three dimensionally in a bio-reactor using special cultivation solution to have established the basic technology. In the research of libozyme, sensor function and high catalytic function were realized successfully in the cells by dimerizing libozymes. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1998 report on international joint research project for preventing global warming; 1998 nendo chikyu ondanka boshi kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    Japanese researchers were dispatched to research institutes abroad for conducting joint studies on nine subjects for which such efforts would work effectively. The researchers were sent to various research institutes in the U.S., Britain, Germany, and others. The nine subjects were (1) the application of the most up-to-date welding and bonding technologies to liquid hydrogen storage/transportation containers, (2) development of low-temperature high-activity metal catalysts for energy conservation processes, (3) study of CO2 emission behavior using a large-scale simulator of deep sea circumstances, (4) study of condensation control for steam and chemical species in the global atmosphere, (5) numerical analysis of semiconductor crystal growth for ultralow loss power device, (6) development of sulfur-rich hydrocarbon gasification technology using a metal melting furnace, (7) assessment of techniques for evaluating origins of environmental pollution gas, geothermal gas, and soil gas using multiple isotopes, (8) analysis of behavior of the steam circulation type turbine system, and (9) the embodiment of a large premixed compression ignition engine. (NEDO)

  17. FY1995 study of very flexible software structures based on soft-software components; 1995 nendo yawarankana software buhin ni motozuku software no choju kozo ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop the method and tools for changing the software structure flexibly along with the continuous continuous change of its environment and conditions of use. The goal is the software of very high adaptability by using soft-software components and flexible assembly. The CASE tool platform Sapid based on a fine-grained repository was developed and enforced for raising the abstraction level of program code and for mining potential flexible components. To reconstruct the software adaptable to a required environment, the SQM (Software Quark Model) was used in managing interconnectivity and other semantic relationships of among components. On these two basic systems, we developed various methods and tools such as those for static and dynamic analysis of very flexible software structures, program transformation description, program pattern extraction and composition component optimization by partial evaluation, component extraction by function slicing, code encapsulation, and component navigation and application. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 2000 survey report on R and D results of advanced clean energy vehicle; 2000 nendo kokoritsu clean energy jidosha no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With problems inherent to clean energy vehicles such as cruising distance, fuel supply and fuel consumption, ACEVs (advanced clean energy vehicles) are in demand featuring both low pollution and high efficiency compatibly. This paper explains the fiscal 2000 results of development. The target is, by using oil-alternative fuel, to reduce driving energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission to less than half and to control the life cycle cost (total of manufacturing cost, operating cost, fuel cost, etc.) to not more than twice as much as those of conventional vehicles. As ACEVs, an ANG (adsorbed natural gas) engine and flywheel battery mounted passenger car was selected, as were a CNG ceramics engine and capacitor mounted truck, CNG engine and lithium-ion battery mounted truck, LNG engine and capacitor mounted bus, and a DME engine and capacitor mounted bus. All are hybrid systems with an energy saving device. In the research of synthetic fuels, the results of the studies were summarized including the effect of various synthetic light oils on engine performance, fuel characteristics, effect of PM grain size and the optimum properties. (NEDO)

  19. Report on preceding surveys and researches in fiscal 1999. Surveys and researches on the next generation cold emission technology; 1999 nendo jisedai cold emission gijutsu no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The cold emission (CE) technology must be developed as the base technology to realize the next generation flat panel displays, fluorescent display tubes, communication use microwave tubes, electron microscopes, electric power conversion elements, image photographing tubes, and different kinds of sensors. Therefore, this paper describes surveys and researches performed on technological problems and technological seeds in a hyperfine processing technology for cold emitters, and technologies to control, evaluate and simulate solid surface of cold emitters. Different kinds of applied devices that can be realized by using the CE technology are also surveyed and researched. Section 1 summarizes the progress in information communicating technologies and the changes in terminal utilization environment. Section 2 describes the application of a display technology for information terminals and a cold cathode. Section 3 investigates elementary technologies for developing electric field radiation display. Section 4 investigates physics and an evaluation technology for the next generation cold cathode. Section 5 describes the result of the investigations re-commissioned to Tsukuba University for measuring microscopic work function on solid surface by using the scanning probe process. Section 6 proposes a research and development project for the 'next generation CE technology'. (NEDO)

  20. Leading survey and research report for fiscal 1999. Survey and research on chemical reaction simulator technology; 1999 nendo kagaku hanno simulator gijutsu no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Although various chemical reactions are made use of at scenes of chemical industry for the acquisition of desired chemicals, the control of reaction process governing factors, such as temperature, pressure, catalysts, solutions, etc., is found to be carried out only on the empirical basis. At the present time, rational or optimum reaction designs are not to be prepared in a short period of time in the presence of the widespread shortage of knowledge about chemical reactions and of the shortage of understanding of chemical reactions at the micro level. Leading survey and research are conducted for the development of a 'chemical reaction simulator' technology to enable the acquisition of optimum reaction designing guidelines in a short period of time. Using the simulator, a chemical of his choice is inputted by a researcher engaged in the study of an real chemical reaction and then various techniques of computer science are mobilized for the preparation of a huge number of feasible reaction routes, and high-precision simulations are conducted for the feasible reaction routes. The results achieved this fiscal year are reported. The purpose of this research and its ripple effect on new product industry creation are stated. Then the positioning, mission, and concept of such a chemical reaction simulator are described. Finally, the result of research and survey of knowledge databases and the result of research and survey of computational chemistry are stated. (NEDO)

  1. Achievement report for fiscal 1990 on research and development of photoreactive materials; 1990 nendo hikari hanno zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    Activities were performed with an objective to establish fundamental technologies related to photoreactive materials capable of ultra-high density and high resolution indication by controlling structures and assemblies of molecules by using light. The activities were taken in the four fields of elucidation of photoreactive mechanisms and fundamental properties, development of the materials, material processing and constituting technologies, and evaluation technologies. Specifically speaking, the activities were developed on the multiplexing technology applicable to ultra-high density recording, sensitivity responsiveness, and material stability in photochromic materials and photochemical hole burning (PHB) materials. For the photochromic materials, development was performed on photochromic materials to form associations, and on a thin film forming technology by means of the organic molecular beam epitaxial process. For the PHB materials, research was implemented on use of the materials at elevated temperatures, development was made on quinone-based materials, research on enhancement of multiplexity, development on porphyrine-based materials, and research on the organizing technology. In the research of the use at elevated temperatures, development was progressed on a material that can retain under the liquefied nitrogen temperature the status of wavelength multiplexed recording that has been formed under the liquefied helium temperature. (NEDO)

  2. Report on 1982 research result on the R and D of environmental resistance reinforcing element; 1982 nendo taikankyo kyoka soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    This research was intended to establish technology for the substrate of an environmental resistance reinforcing element in which environmental resistance was enhanced against radiation, heat, mechanical shock, etc., for the purpose of realizing various kinds of equipment and devices for performing advanced information processing under severe environmental conditions of outer space, nuclear reactors, travelling objects such as automobiles and aircrafts, and plants. In the R and D of the technology of a MOS type silicon integrated circuit element, a technological improvement was conducted for the trial element of 1981 and the basic circuit structure. In the actual mounting technology, a radiation test for example was performed on a trial basic gate mounted on a package. with malfunction analysis started. In the R and D of the technology of a bipolar type silicon integrated circuit element, a preliminary investigation was carried out on the radiation resistance properties of the package materials, with basic data obtained for the evaluation test. In the R and D of the technology for a compound semiconductor integrated circuit element, development was performed for the element structure, which reinforced the radiation resistance of the basic integrated circuit element developed in 1981, as well as for its manufacturing technology. In the actual mounting technology, an environmental resistance test began for the basic integrated circuit of the 1981 trial production. (NEDO)

  3. Survey report for fiscal 1998. Achievement report on research and development of direct methanol fuel cell; 1998 nendo direct methanol nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    Research and development has been performed on a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) to generate electric power through direct chemical reaction of methanol not being given modification as a fuel cell to be used for automotive engines. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1998. In the research of the membranes to conduct ions for the DMFC, an ion conduction membrane which introduces POSS group as the methanol eliminating functional group was prepared to achieve enhancement in tensile strength, heat resistance, and ion conductivity. In the power generation characteristics of the DMFC, verification was given on power generation performance with as high main power density as 0.1 W/cm{sup 2} by using the available electrolytic membranes and electrode catalysts. The characteristics showed effectiveness of the DMFC as the electric power supply source. In addition, fundamental findings were obtained on factors affecting the power generation characteristics of the DMFC as a result of generating power under different conditions. Research and development was given also on the water-methanol-ion exchange polymeric membrane, ion exchange membranes provided with lipophilic and water repellent electrolyte, solid polymeric membranes having high proton conductivity and low methanol permeability, and a new micro-porous filling type polymeric membrane. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1997 report on technological results. R and D on micromachine technology; 1997 nendo micromachine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Researches on basic element technology of micromachines are conducted that operate autonomously in a narrow small part in a complicated apparatus or in vivo. The areas of activity are 1. research on micromachine systems and 2. comprehensive investigation and research. In 1, (1) a micro catheter and (2) a micro tactile sensor catheter were studied while, in 2, basic technology and technological problems, particularly those problems concerning sophistication in the medical field were examined and studied. Further, in (1), with the purpose of developing a micro laser catheter for diagnosis/treatment, researches were implemented on the technology of integrating micro laser and an optical fiber which were components of the catheter and on the fabrication of the fine diameter of a micro catheter as well as on the characteristical improvement of the base body on which minute elements were mounted. In (2), characteristical improvement and sophistication were carried out for a high sensitivity contact pressure sensor and a diagnostic tactile sensor, which are mounted on a catheter having a positive bulge control mechanism for insertion into body cavity, with a sensor probe manufactured experimentally. (NEDO)

  5. Leading survey and research report for fiscal 1999. Survey and research on supercompiler technology; 1999 nendo supercompiler technology no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Survey and research are conducted into the global computing technology and the next-generation parallel computer for their compiler technology and programming environment-related technology, which is for the preparation of basic key technologies for the embodiment of high-performance computing for the next generation, and efforts are exerted to extract and define technological problems and to deliberate a research system to achieve the goal. This fiscal year's achievements are mentioned below. Two territories were provided to be respectively covered by a Parallel Compiler Working Group and a Global Computing Working Group whose activities centered about overseas surveys and short-term reception of researchers from abroad. The Parallel Compiler Working Group was engaged in (1) the technological survey of the latest parallel compiler technology and, in its effort to execute researches under the project, in (2) the materialization of the contents of technology research and development and in (3) the materialization of a technology research and development system. The Global Computing Working Group was engaged in (1) the technological survey of the latest high-performance global computing and in (2) the survey of fields to accept global computing application. (NEDO)

  6. Report on the FY 1999 research survey on the development of high ductile chromium alloys; 1999 nendo koensei kuromu gokin no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The R and D of chromium alloys had been conducted till about the 1970s, which brought the unfavorable results. That's why chromium alloys are brittle at normal temperature and difficult in processing. However, the technology development in recent years review them. The development is earnestly desired also of the materials exceeding the Ni base super alloys which are heat resistant materials for power generation. Cr is rich as resource and light-weighted, and the oxidation film is stable and self-restorational at high temperature. The alloys are excellent in processability at normal temperature and excellent also in toughness. The nitrogen content is strongly concerned with brittleness and intergranular fracture at normal temperature. Therefore, Cr alloys were trially manufactured by the HIP sintering/hot forging method using electrolytic Cr powder with high-purity (99.99%) and low-nitrogen (10ppm) to study a possibility of improving brittleness at normal temperature, mechanical properties at high temperature, oxidation resistance, high-temperature corrosion resistance, etc. A variety of excellent characteristics of Cr alloys were made clear. However, also made clear were the problems: strength is low at normal temperature/high temperature; screw process is impossible because of high notch sensibility; those are not almighty high-temperature corrosion resistant materials. Further efforts should be exerted for the commercialization. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1999 report on the results of the investigational study of dioxin emission mechanism/control; 1999 nendo dioxin hassei kiko yokusei chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the utilization of energy from waste, studies were conducted on the dioxin emission mechanism and non-Br base fire retardant materials which emit no Br base dioxin, and the FY 1999 results were summarized. In the study, using a small-fluidized bed experimental incinerator, survey was made of effects of organic/inorganic chlorine included in solid general waste on the formation/discharge of dioxins. As a result of the experiment, it was found out that organic chlorine compounds discharge more dioxins than inorganic ones, and that the combustion method in which rapid formation of volatile matter in furnace is controlled to realize the homogeneous mixed state is important for control of dioxins. In the study of non-Br base fire retardant materials, a preliminary experiment was conducted on new fire retardant materials added with inorganic carrier, metal complex, etc. to make the confirmation of fire retardation by liquid phase reaction of polymer in combustion conditions and the study of fire retardation by separating liquid phase reaction, pyrolysis reaction, and gaseous phase reaction. Further, simulation of the combustion of polymer materials was carried out. (NEDO)

  8. Report on survey in fiscal 2000 on the feasibility study on structuring research aiding net; 2000 nendo kenkyu shien net no kochiku ni kansuru kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A study has been performed on the possibility of efficient utilization of research resources by summarizing the resource information for research and development by the industrial, governmental and academic areas and by providing research organizations with the information through the Internet. As a result of the survey on research aiding cases that apply the network used by the public organizations and corporations inside and outside the country, it was found that Japan often utilizes research facilities and holds seminars having selected regional research organizations, while the U.S. provides large-size aids in wide area, such as technological information service, patent service, and human resource service. A questionnaire survey was conducted on interests toward the necessity of research aids, specific needs for aids, and provided services. As a result, it was revealed that interest toward the research aiding net is considerably high, and strong demands are present in structuring database for the research human resource information, needs information, and information on researchers in different fields. Discussions were given on structuring the research aiding net, wherein the system contents, structuring expense, and the development schedule were presented. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Basic research on hot molding of amorphous ceramics; 2000 nendo amorphous netsukan ceramics seikeiho ni kansuru kiso kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Experiments were conducted on the plasticity processing of heat resistant ceramics making use of the viscous deformation of amorphous ceramics in the supercooled liquid temperature domain. Concerning the preparation of powder of amorphous ceramics, the plasma rotating electrode method of Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, was employed, and a bamboo leaf shaped amorphous flake was successfully fabricated by increasing the arc discharge current. In a search of texture easy to turn amorphous, it was observed that Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-La{sub 2}O{sub 3} had a supercooled liquid domain of as large as 70K, and this enabled a conclusion that it was a promising candidate for hot molding in a supercooled liquid domain. In an experiment of molding in a supercooled liquid domain, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} was used in a press molding process. As the result, a compact bulk mold was obtained in a temperature domain far lower than in the case of conventional sintering. Crystallization had already advanced in all the molds experimentally fabricated by press molding, and this disabled a study of characteristics to be exhibited by an amorphous mold, but it was found that they had a compressive strength of approximately 1,800MPa. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 2000 survey report on the survey and research on green technology industry; 2000 nendo green technology industry ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The approaches of the Government and local autonomies to green technologies are surveyed toward the construction of a green technology industry. The present activities and future outlook of environmental industries interested in green technologies are surveyed and examined, the green technologies here including (1) energy conservation measures and development of non-fossil fuels, (2) energy-related and environmental measures for countering global warming, (3) waste treatment measures for countering dioxins and endocrine disrupters. A survey is conducted of the outlines and future trends of green technology related important studies now under way at laboratories and research institutes of universities, the Government, and private-sector corporations. Based on the results of the surveys, important subjects of technical development in green technologies are extracted and studied for the possibility and outlook of their practical application. Tasks to discharge and problems to occur before they are introduced to the market are also evaluated and confirmed. Based on the results of the research and development of green technologies, actualities of environmental industries are taken up, and the problems and tasks to be settled before environmental technologies are introduced to the market are investigated and studied. (NEDO)

  11. FY1995 research on nonlinear optical devices using super-lattice semiconductors; 1995 nendo chokoshi active hisenkei soshi wo mochiita chokosoku hikari seigyo gijutsu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The purpose is to develop technologies on efficient generation and control of femtosecond optical pulses using a novel semiconductor optical devices. We studied a modelocked Cr:forsterite laser pumped by a diode pumped Nd:YVO4 laser. Both Kerr lens mode locking and semi-conductor saturable absorber initiated mode locking have been achieved. The minimum pulse width for pure Kerr lens mode locking is 26.4 fs, while for the semiconductor saturable absorber initiated mode locking, the pulse width is 36 fs. The latter is very resistant to the environment perturbations. We also present the measured dispersion data for the forsterite crystal and the SESAM, and discuss the dispersion compensation technique. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 2000 pioneering research report on the research on advanced safety helicopter; 2000 nendo advanced safety helicopter no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A survey was conducted concerning helicopter operating environments and the trends of related technologies in Japan and abroad, and the needs and seeds were grasped. Research was made to study technical problems and measures to solve them for the development of a safe, low-noise, and low-cost next-generation advanced safety helicopter (ASH). A market research was conducted on traffic systems in the future, state of aviation-related infrastructures and their future, current state of people's daily life which centers about locomotion, and the effect that ASH would impose on society. A technical research was carried out relative to flight safety, which involved EVS (enhanced vision system), information display system for helicopters, collision avoidance advisory for pilots, air collision prevention system/surveillance system for helicopters, obstacle detection/warning system for helicopters, blade deicing system for helicopters, and so forth. Detailed investigations were also conducted for technologies for reduction in the manufacturing, maintenance, and development costs, and for reduction in noise. (NEDO)

  13. Report for fiscal 1998 on the international joint research project of medical welfare equipment; Iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In connection with the international joint research project of medical welfare, a report was made on the results of the investigation conducted in 1998 concerning the technology of overseas medical welfare equipment. In the investigation of china, observation was made on the actual state of the representative medial institutions, with opinions exchanged. Obsolete equipment and old technology are the present state in China, which is strongly desirous of exchanging information with Japan. In Taiwan, being full of venture spirit, an ultrasonic thermal treatment apparatus and an ultrasonic echo device have been produced for example. In Europe, an observation tour was conducted on a German manipulator and process robot while an investigative visit and exchange of opinions were made on the living environment and facilities in Italian training center for physically handicapped persons. Japan's self-supporting and assisting system for excretion attracted many questions and comments. In the investigation in the U.S., views were exchanged concerning '{sup 13}C-MRS device for non-invasion brain metabolic measurement' in research institutions such as universities. A machine developed in Japan received a high evaluation in that {sup 13}C spectrum was obtained from a substantial depth. (NEDO)

  14. FY 1999 achievement report on the R and D of welfare techno-systems (Kyoto); 1999 nendo welfare techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Kyoto) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The R and D were carried out of various kinds of physically functional substitution equipment which supplements the worsened functional ability of the aged/handicapped. In the research on various prototypes of physically functional substitution equipment, experiments on the use were conducted using Japanese speech recognition devices/programs which are standard products commercially available, so that the aged/handicapped can operate equipment (various devices such as home electric appliances) by speech (words). Further, the specifications were studied for technology to use the Japanese speech recognition technique for physically substitution functions. In the R and D of information infrastructure and various kinds of physically functional substitution equipment, the specifications were established for technology to operate lighting equipment, heater and TV by the Japanese speech, and the experiment was made using the prototype manufactured. As a result, the power source operation by speech of TV/lighting desk lump/electric stove has been finished almost certainly. Further study is needed such as TV channel selection by remote control. The investigation was made of the aid needs for the handicapped. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Research and development of low-pollution brown coal utilization technology; 2000 nendo seika hokokusho. Kattan no teikogai riyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Studies were made for developing low-pollution easy-to-operate industrial furnaces for use in small and medium size plants in Indonesia. In this fiscal year, two kinds were selected out of Indonesia yielded brown coals, which were then subjected to test combustion in a bench scale fluidized bed combustor for examination for their combustion characteristics and environmental impact generating characteristics. The nitrogen oxides from the brown coals were found to mark approximately 100 ppm at an excess air ratio of 1.4, which was higher than in the case of bituminous coal. The NOx concentration level was found to be lower in the circulation fluidized bed boiler than in the spreader stoker fired boiler. Combustion efficiency exceeding 98% was achieved. A survey was conducted of brown coal users in various industrial fields in Indonesia. It was then concluded that the tested method not be recommended for use in small businesses in the textile industry because there would be no economic profit or improved efficiency for them but that it would be feasible in the plantation industry where the fluidized bed combustion/heat exchanger aided indirect process and the use of electrical dust precipitators would protect products from contamination. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 2000 report on results of R and D of welfare techno-system in Takaoka City; 2000 nendo welfare techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Takaoka) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    R and D was conducted on a 'system for monitoring living situation of elderly people' for the purpose of supporting the elderly living alone, with the fiscal 2000 results reported. In the development of a knowledge engineering system, a system was developed estimating the present position of an elderly person in his home or calculating his daily living activities, by analyzing data measured by infrared sensors, and thereby automatically inferring his behavior or health condition. In the research for practicability of the system, infrared sensors and sensors for detecting opening/closing of a door were improved, which included improvement by using telephone lines for example. In the demonstrative experiment, data were obtained which seemed to show a change for the worse of a disability condition due to senile dementia, or else, which appeared to be an inability to move occurring finally as a result of gradual deterioration of health. Another data measured disclosed that elderly people, unlike a normal life pattern, were living in a state with night and day reversed. From these results, the system can safely be said to have a function for monitoring the lives of the elderly people in point of their mind and body. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1996 report on technological results. R and D on micromachine technology; 1996 nendo micromachine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Researches on basic element technology of micromachines are conducted that operate autonomously in a narrow small part in a complicated apparatus or in vivo. The areas of activity are (1) research on micromachine systems, (2) a subminiature liquid synthesizing system, and (3) comprehensive investigation and research. In (1), the researches were carried out on the miniaturization and functional combination of a micro laser catheter and a micro tactile sensor catheter, which are the primary components of a coeliac diagnostic and therapeutic system, a 'micro catheter for cerebral blood vessel/treatment', as a micromachine system in the medical field. In (2), R and D was conducted on a system element technology assuming it contributed to a subminiature liquid synthesizing system capable of preparing various liquids including pharmaceuticals accurately with a trace amount. In (3), examination was made on the application area of a micromachine system with priority given to a medical field and also on technological subjects to be tapped, as well as on the contents of (2), with a device installed for evaluating the operating characteristic of a distribution type fluid actuator as needed for the development. (NEDO)

  18. Summary of FY 1980 results of Sunshine Project. Development of coal liquefaction techniques; 1980 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Sunshine keikaku itaku kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report summarizes the results of the 3 R and D themes for coal liquefaction techniques, pursued by the Sunshine Project; (1) development of solvent extraction type liquefaction plant, and brown coal liquefaction technique R and D demonstration surveys, (2) development of solvolysis type liquefaction plant, and (3) development of direct hydrogenation type liquefaction plant. For the theme (1), the 1 T/D test plant, solid/liquid separator and small-size continuous settlement separator are constructed, and partly completed. The elementary studies include solvent extraction type liquefaction process, materials for coal liquefaction plant and solid/liquid separation. Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal are studied to clarify the possible problems involved in liquefaction of these coal species for commercialization of the liquefaction techniques in the early stage. The elementary techniques studied include dehydration of brown coal, milling at high temperature in oil, de-ashing, and secondary and primary hydrogenation. For the theme (2), the 1 T/D plant is inspected and maintained to clarify the problems involved in the continuous operation, revamped and repaired as necessary, given preventive maintenance, and tested for operability confirmation. The elementary studies include solvolysis type liquefaction process, scale-up, hydrogenation plant for solvolysis pitch. For the item (3), the 2.4 T/D test plant is constructed, and the elementary studies are conducted, for, e.g., liquefaction reactions in the presence of an iron-based catalyst. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Oita research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Oita) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Before a welfare facility is introduced into a home, studies should be sufficiently conducted about the circumstances of daily life, not only of the aged user but also of the family members who take care of the aged user. In the development of handrails, it is found that plastic foam containing wood flour presents the feel of wood, easy to bend when heated. Materials are investigated for flexural strength, and ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) is chosen as the suitable material. As for devices to assist toileting, a system is developed under which the patient's legs are raised. Since there are arguments for and against the operation itself of mechanically raising a patient's legs, however, efforts will continue to develop much advanced systems. In the study of walk and transfer behavior, a toilet frame mockup is designed and manufactured, which is for collecting data. In an preliminary experiment, tests are conducted about a transfer from a chair to another and, assuming a physically handicapped patient, a transfer from a wheelchair. The data thus collected are to be subjected to analysis and image processing by the use of measuring sensors. Development is described of interfaces, for use in devices to serve as information mediums, which consider the cognition characteristics of the aged people. As for the development of devices for communication, environmental control, and display, their basic operation and feasibility are discussed. Actualities of costumes for physically handicapped people are also investigated, and development is carried out as required. (NEDO)

  20. FY 2000 report on the results of the R and D of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC); 2000 nendo kotai denkaishitsugata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    Development of fuel cell power generation technology and R and D of solid oxide fuel cells were carried out, and reports of the FY 2000 results of companies were summed up. As to the R and D of the cell module, the R and D on the wet type cylinder module were made jointly by Toto Ltd., Kyushu Electric Power Co. and Nippon Steel Corp. As to the R and D of materials/basic technology, the following were conducted: evaluation of reliability of the cell module (evaluation of thermal cycle characteristics, etc.) by Chubu Electric Power Co., evaluation of reliability of the cell module (cell characteristics/stress evaluation) by Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd., cost reduction of cell materials (evaluation of chemical characteristics) by Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, and cost reduction of cell materials (evaluation of mechanical/thermal characteristics) by Japan Fine Ceramics Center. Concerning the system study, study of the system (adaptation fields of the small system and the optimization) was conducted by Nippon Steel Corp. (NEDO)

  1. Preliminary reports on fiscal 2000 results of project for subsidizing international joint research; 2000 nendo kokusai kyodo kenkyu josei jigyo seika hokoku kai yokoshu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-12-01

    This paper presents preliminary reports on fiscal 2000 results of project for subsidizing international joint research sponsored by NEDO. For international joint research teams doing excellent studies, their research expenses are subsidized, thereby promoting international research exchange, enhancing international level of industrial technology and contributing to the formation of basis for innovative industrial technology. The projects relating to the global environmental field are implemented jointly with RITE. The contents of the report to be published are, in the global environmental field (practicability study), development of oil substitute resources, reproducible resources, and technologies for producing polymeric and plastic materials benign to the earth by microorganism using carbon dioxide. In the substance/material field, the contents of the report are innovative production and device application of tunable photonic crystals using electronic penetration network; development of new synthesis process of innovative nitride, creation and theoretical calculation of electromagnetic function; studies on quantum transportation in superconductor and semiconductor bonding structures; and studies on quantum liquid and solid, and application to materials science and technology. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 2000 report on result of R and D of underground storage technology for carbon dioxide; 2000 nendo nisanka tanso chichu choryu gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    This paper presents the fiscal 2000 results of R and D of underground storage technology for carbon dioxide. As basic experiments, a measurement apparatus was manufactured for simulating the pressure and temperature conditions in aquifers to measure the rate at which CO{sub 2} is dissolved in water and the reactivity between CO{sub 2} and rocks, with the basic performance verified. Methods were investigated and classified that monitor environmental impact and safety. For the purpose of anticipating the long-term behaviors of CO{sub 2} sequestered underground, a simulator was developed, extracting, from investigation of the literature, natural phenomena required for the anticipation. As the system studies, examination was conducted for analysis of the energy balance of the underground storage technology, rational design (safety and economy) of an entire system ranging from source to storage point, investigation from social and economic perspectives, and estimation of the effect of suppressing global warming. In the injection experiment, Minami-Nagaoka natural gas field was selected as a prospective experiment site from the characteristics of the cap rock and aquifer. One injection well was drilled to a depth of 1,230 m, with investigations performed such as physical well-logging and core sampling. Existing data were utilized in the simulation study of CO{sub 2} behavior underground during the injection period. The information of the basic geophysical survey/exploratory well by the Japan National Oil Corporation was collected and compiled, with the preliminary geological study undertaken in the areas described. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1999 research and development results. Preparatory study for the underground thermal energy storage system; 1999 nendo chichu jiban chikunetsu system gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    The study is conducted for the underground thermal energy storage system which utilizes heat capacity of the underground, e.g., aquifer, to exchange heat with the underground, and the FY 1999 results are described. For establishment of the concept of the underground heat storage systems, 2 sites are selected for each of Tokyo, Osaka and Sapporo for the study as the geological ground models, for their weather characteristics. Two cases are considered for the site where underground heat exchangers are installed, open space and immediately below a building. The heat-storage system comprises a high-efficiency heat pump, water heat-storage tank and cooling tower. The evaluation results indicate that energy saving rate of 37% or more and CO2 reduction rate of 9.5% or more are achievable in all areas except Sapporo, i.e., Tokyo and Osaka. The economic evaluation results indicate that the simple pay-out period is around 100 years for Tokyo and Osaka, and 80 years for Sapporo. The underground heat storage system is approximately 10% lower in life-cycle cost than the conventional system, 3 versus 3.3 billion yen for the period of 60 years. (NEDO)

  4. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999. Research and development of nanometer controlled optical disk system; 1999 nendo nanometer seigyo hikari disk system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Organizational strengthening is urged in industrial technological power in information recording area which is comparable with information communications being the main pillar of the innovation in the information technology in Japan. Extremely large expectations and heavy responsibilities are placed on the next generation optical memory technology, which is one of the strong points of Japan who plays a part in the above information recording area. The present project has been performing organizational research and development to achieve creation of new industries, with the following research themes as the main subjects: (1) nanometer controlled optical memory technology, (2) magnetic section responsive and three-dimensional optical memory, (3) ultra precision pit depicting technology, and (4) ultra precision pit measuring technology. The project is two years old this year, in which it was aimed to 'develop an optical memory technology with recording density of 100 Gb/in{sup 2} or more, transfer velocity of 100 Mbps or higher, and access time of 10 ms or less'. In order to achieve and establish the interim target set for fiscal 2000 among the above aims, intending 'trial fabrication of a disk having recording density of 40 to 50 Gb/in{sup 2}, the technical problem extraction and the specifications to realize a 100 Gb/in{sup 2} system', fiscal 1999 has performed researches on 'density and accuracy improvement on the prototype disk by improving the existing devices and introducing new devices'. This paper reports the developmental research theme No. 1. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1984 annual report on the research and development of automatic sewing systems. Total systems; 1984 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Total system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-01

    The automatic sewing system technique research association has been commissioned by the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology for (research and development of automatic sewing systems). This program covers R and D of the elementary techniques for total systems and sewing preparation/processing, sewing/assembling, cloth handling, and system management/control. This report describes the results of the R and D efforts for the total systems. For producing diversified products in small quantities, which is the object of this R and D program, the target is set to reduce processing time by at least 50% from the current level. The efforts to achieve this target by solving the problems involved therein are made from the side of developing FMS and FA procedures, and apparel side. The program for the former investigates the required functions of individual sub-systems that constitute the total system, to clarify the technical targets of the core elementary techniques for each sub-system. The program for the latter analyzes the sewing steps for producing diversified clothes types, specifications for automatic operation, integration, standardization and coding of the steps, and so on, based on the results of studies on basic apparel types. (NEDO)

  6. Achievement report for fiscal 1984 on Sunshine Program. Basic research on coal type and gasification characteristics; 1984 nendo tanshu to gas ka tokusei no kiso kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-01

    The study of pressurized fluidized gasification of coal chars started in fiscal 1975, and a 0.2t/d unit was in operation until fiscal 1979. Since fiscal 1980, a 1t/d unit has been in operation. In fiscal 1984, an entrained bed gasification furnace was constructed, capable of high-temperature gasification of various coals, and it is now undergoing a test operation. This report consists of pressurized gasification tests for coal char, the result of a study on the effect of coal type on the char gasification reaction rate, and the result of experiments on the treatment of coal liquefaction residue, all accomplished in the 1t/d gasification unit. For the investigation of the effect of coal type, chars of 13 types of coals are subjected to reaction tests in the carbon dioxide gas, and weight reduction rates and changes in residue surface areas are determined while reaction is under way. The results are analyzed and parameters are made clear that enable a quantitative assessment of the effect of coal type on gasification reaction rates. Pulverized grains and coal liquefaction residue are blended and gasified in the fluidized bed in the presence of oxygen and steam. As the result, a gas capable of 2,000kcal/Nm{sup 3} containing 30% hydrogen and 25% carbon monoxide is acquired, when catalyst grains in the residue are segregated. (NEDO)

  7. Report on surveys in fiscal 2000 on the survey on promotion of freer flow of researchers; 2000 nendo kenkyu jinzai no ryudoka sokushin ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to help discuss the system and environment improvement to promote freer flow of Japanese researchers, surveys and discussions were given on the actual status in America and European countries. In the U.S., results as independent researchers are demanded from the very early time under the severely competitive environment, wherein the fair evaluation of the results allows the researchers to step-up the positions and research environment to which the researchers are oriented. In Germany, a function to promote researcher mobility is available as a system, such as promotion of exchange with other sectors during researcher education course (the internship system at the fourth grade in a university, and power training and performance record building at the Max-Planck Institut during the long term of post-doctoral period before attaining a professor position), or prohibition of inviting university professors into the same faculty. The actual status of Japan not having high mobility of researchers has been caused by the system based on the lifetime employment, whose shortcomings include stiffness in personnel affairs, and reduction in activities of researchers due to aging. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Overall survey; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper summed up the results of the survey of tackling with the international standardization by enterprises and organizations involved in the standardization in the U.S., Europe and Japan, the results of the R and D on 20 themes for the international standardization, and the development toward the international standardization. As the R and D themes, the following were selected: the development of chemical method to analyze/evaluate metallic coatings of surface treated steel coating sheets, R and D of the basic evaluation method of functional composite particles, international standards for computer/manikins, basic technology of color image management, study on optimizing design/evaluation technology using quality engineering, study of the international standardization by economic evaluation of environmental impacts, R and D of the standardization of a method to test acceleration life of phosphorous acid fuel cells, development of a test method of halogen-free flame-retardant cables and a study of the cable standards, standard measuring methods of hormone effects of chemical substances, quantification of the sensory evaluation and international standardization in the paint field, experimental study on the international standardization for immunochemical measurement of chemical substances, etc. 24 figs., 16 tabs.

  9. Investigational research on CO2 isolation technology in fiscal 1995; 1995 nendo nisanka tanso no kakuri gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The paper studied present technical subjects and future study subjects of the CO2 isolation technology in order to clarify technical and social problems and the developmental subjects of the CO2 isolation technology and related technologies for separating/concentrating CO2 emitted in relation to quantity consumption of fossil fuel and storing it in ocean or underground. Main items for the study were: (1) investigational study of the technology of CO2 ocean storage, (2) investigational study of environmental effect assessment in storing CO2 in ocean, (3) investigational study of the technology of CO2 ocean storage, etc. Technologies required for the ocean isolation were arranged such as CO2 storage, injection, dispersion technique, CO2 behavior simulation, and the developmental subjects were extracted. Further, in the deep-sea bottom storage method, a simulation to calculate the range of PH effects was conducted presuming the specified amount of CO2 and applying known physical values, and evaluation of the CO2 ocean discharge/solution method was made. A method was also studied for experiments on water bacteria and benthos. 127 refs., 102 figs., 81 tabs.

  10. Reports on 1974 result of Sunshine Project. Research on tar sand and oil shale; 1974 nendo tar sand oyobi oil shale ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-04-04

    The purpose of this research is to grasp the policy of the oil sand resource countries, the properties and existing conditions of the resources, effects of the oil sand resources on a long term energy supply/demand, etc., and to clarify the meaning and position of the researches on the development of oil sand resources in the future energy policy of Japan. The quantities of oil sand resources are mostly in the process of investigation except Alberta province of Canada and are estimated to be two trillion barrels. The quantity for which strip mining is possible is about 90 billion barrels, which are mostly located in the Athabasca region. The oil sand holding countries take a policy of positively developing oil sand. No barriers are particularly provided against the introduction of foreign technology and capital. Where the prospects are possible for the development of oil sand are Canada and Venezuela. R and D should be emphasized on the refining of bitumen and the extraction method within the oil reservoir. The investment per b/d is about 15-20 thousand dollars, which is likely to be more than twice as much as for the North Sea oilfields. The properties and quality of the synthetic crude oil are superior while the risk of exploitation is small; therefore, oil sand will be competitive with crude oil in the future. (NEDO)

  11. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Research and development of a welfare techno-system; 1998 nendo welfare techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Sapporo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The surveys and studies having been performed in the present fiscal year are as follows: (1) in the surveys and studies on self-reliant and at-home care-taking for elderly people living in residential houses, using biological information of snowy and cold districts as the parameters, (a) effect of changing the attitude in two-step ascent and descent motions was studied, (b) stair ascent and descent motions were analyzed, (c) standing-up motion using a sitting position handrail was analyzed, and (d) stride-over motion patterns and hip joint movements were experimented; (2) in the studies of a living environment system to support self-reliant way of living of elderly and physically handicapped people in snowy and cold districts, studies were made on (a) shapes of entrance and exit spaces of a residential house, and features of moving motions of elderly and physically handicapped people, (b) living activity patterns and pleasantness centering around the living section in the house of the at-home elderly people, (c) forms of approach spaces for independent residential houses that consider snow disposal: (3) in development and improvement of care-taking devices with importance placed on physical and psychological adapting function of the users and harmony with the users, studies were given on (a) noise characteristics of rooms in which at-home welfare devices are installed, (b) colors and recognizability of switches on welfare devices for elderly persons, (c) drive experiments of moving devices in winter, and (d) motion simulation of ridable devices; and studies were made on (4) moving and riding welfare device systems for elderly and physically handicapped people in snowy and cold districts, and (5) user interface of motor-driven wheelchairs. (NEDO)

  12. FY1995 study of design methodology and environment of high-performance processor architectures; 1995 nendo koseino processor architecture sekkeiho to sekkei kankyo no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The aim of our project is to develop high-performance processor architectures for both general purpose and application-specific purpose. We also plan to develop basic softwares, such as compliers, and various design aid tools for those architectures. We are particularly interested in performance evaluation at architecture design phase, design optimization, automatic generation of compliers from processor designs, and architecture design methodologies combined with circuit layout. We have investigated both microprocessor architectures and design methodologies / environments for the processors. Our goal is to establish design technologies for high-performance, low-power, low-cost and highly-reliable systems in system-on-silicon era. We have proposed PPRAM architecture for high-performance system using DRAM and logic mixture technology, Softcore processor architecture for special purpose processors in embedded systems, and Power-Pro architecture for low power systems. We also developed design methodologies and design environments for the above architectures as well as a new method for design verification of microprocessors. (NEDO)

  13. Achievement report on research and development on fusion zones in fiscal 1999. Second volume. Chemo-intelligence; 1999 nendo yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Kemo intelligence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to artificially realize diverse functions and structures using as a trigger the molecule recognition in living things and organisms, researches and surveys were performed on chemo-intelligence. This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 1999. In a theoretical approach to elucidate inter-molecular interactions, research was performed on hydrogen bondage, CH-{pi} interactions and stacking by using the computerized chemical method. In the design and synthesis of host molecules, development was carried out on a synthesizing method based on large ring compounds and non-ring compounds utilizing the interactions having weak hydrogen bondage, and molecular design utilizing the conformity in sizes and shapes of the molecules. In structuring the host molecules having a function to recognize neutral molecules, research was executed on capturing and activation of neutral organic molecules as the artificial host molecules. In addition, investigations were given on the latest information about separation of ionic substance recognizing compounds and their application to sensing, structure of ultra-molecular construction and the function thereof, and approaches aimed at their use as materials and applications. (NEDO)

  14. Report on surveys in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the environment harmonizing catalyst technology; 1999 nendo kankyo chowagata shokubai gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the environment harmonizing catalyst technology. The discussion subjects taken up included suppression of discharge of carbon dioxide, catalysts used when manufacturing hydrogen and technology thereof, and environment purifying catalysts to decompose harmful substances, and technology thereof. The roles of catalysts and their technologies are expected in reducing the reforming temperatures, achieving energy saving, and reducing decomposition energy. Furthermore, the catalysts are expected of high activity, long life and low cost. Three themes were selected from the emergency and importance points of view. The themes are, in the consumer field, research and development of efficiency improvement in membrane reactors for reforming low-grade hydrocarbons to structure a technology to manufacture hydrogen for small-size portable fuel cells; and in the industrial field, development of hydrogen and carbon product manufacturing technologies with which CO2 generation is suppressed by means of the catalytic decomposition process. In practice, for such discharged harmful substances as dioxins, PCB and volatile organic compounds (VOC), treating them is the urgent environmental problem, and therefore, the fundamental research was taken up for practical application of the second-generation catalysts of the ultra-violet light and visible light responding type. (NEDO)

  15. FY 2000 Report on the survey results. Survey on international cooperation for medical treatment/welfare equipment; 2000 nendo iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The NEDO's representatives visited Europe and China with the objectives of, e.g., international cooperation and information exchanges for medical treatment/welfare equipment. For the welfare equipment technologies, they visited the research institutes and facilities in UK and Germany, among others, to find that the European countries place more emphasis on researches to meet the needs than on advancing the equipment itself. For the medical treatment equipment, they visited the bio-research institutes in Europe for exchanging information on post-genome and tissue engineering. The European countries are behind USA in research fund and manpower for bio-technology and bio-medical, although making great efforts with much expectation on these areas. The China's medical treatment/welfare technologies seem to be clearly still in the stage of needing aids rather than rendering cooperation. However, China has been producing a number of new products in the areas where her traditional arts of medicine are combined with advanced techniques of the West, e.g., those for examination, as felt from a number of the equipment types presented to the China Medical Treatment Equipment Exhibition. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1994 technological survey report. Research study on polymer materials by precision polymerization; 1994 nendo seimitsu jugo kobunshi zairyo ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    In the paradigm that propelled polymer chemistry, there are involved the establishment of polymer concept, engineering plastics, regulation of higher ordered structure, and precision polymerization. The first two produced the polymer chemistry era in the 20th century. The regulation of higher ordered structure and the precision polymerization are the fundamental technologies supporting the polymer chemistry of the 21st century. The precision polymerization is a technology for regulating the stereospecificity, sequential structure, and molecular weight of polymers by regulating atoms and molecules and is referred to the following important techniques to be concrete. In the precision addition polymerization, stereospecific regulation and purification of active site to give living polymers are required while, in the precision condensation polymerization, regulation of condensation probability process to be secondary Marcov chain is necessary, as is the establishment of non-defect condensation condition avoiding high temperature deterioration and the like. In the biomimetic precision polymerization, key issues are the method of incorporating molecular recognition control and sequential structure control by living organs into an industrial process. If the higher ordered structure can be regulated by the precision polymerization, it is possible to obtain numerous high performance/high functional materials such as superconductors. (NEDO)

  17. FY1995 studies on saving energy by use of nitrogen- fixing bacteria; 1995 nendo chisso koteikin no katsuyo ni yoru sho energy no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    To save energy by improving the ability of nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Kebsiella oxytoca, Azospirillum lipoferum and Sphingomonas paucimobilis) in the rhizosphere of rice, by means of genetic analysis and engineering of the nif genes. Analysis and improvement of the nif genes were performed in 3 species of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the rhizoshere of rice. (1) In an facultative anaerobe, K. oxytoca, the repressor gene, nifL was destroyed, and the activator gene, nifA was fortified, to attain a novel mutant strain R16, which fixes nitrogen even in the presence of NH{sub 4}{sup +}. (2) In a microaerophilic nitrogen fixer, A. lipoferum, the regulatory genes draT and draG were cloned and analysed, and an improved strain TA1 was obtained by introduction of K. oxytoca nifA gene. (3) In an aerobic nitrogen-fixer S. paucimobilis, the nifA gene was cloned and sequenced, and the activity was expressed in E. coil to show that the product activates the nif promoters of Azospirillurn and Klebsiella. (4) The improved strains K. oxytoca R16 and A. lipoferun TA1 were inoculated to rice plant cultured in a pot without addition of nitrogen source. The inoculated plant showed twice as much dry weight as the noninoculated plant, showing that the improved strains are effective to stimulate the growth of rice. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the FY 1999 feasibility study for the international joint research in the Asian area. 6; 1999 nendo Asia chiiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu kanosei chosa hokokusho. 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper surveyed the situation of the recent economic crisis, social circumstances, trends of energy policies, etc. in Asian countries. The energy consumption in Asian countries mainly including ASEAN countries and China is expected to show a large growth hereinafter together with a rapid economic growth on a long-term basis. Further, the harmony with the environmental problem has been requested. This problem is important also to Japan from a viewpoint of the regional response to the stabilized energy supply/environmental problems. The response to global environmental problems in these countries and the promotion of development/spread of new energy/energy conservation are strongly desired. For the spread of these technologies, it is effective to actually construct/operate/maintain plants under the joint research with Japan from viewpoints of personnel training, technology improvement, PR effects, etc. It is helpful also for Japan from the aspect of technology development such as data acquisition. It is necessary to accurately grasp the needs and technical levels of the other country in the case of carrying out the joint research. The survey was made about 7 countries including Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, India, China and Vietnam. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Oita research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Oita) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Before a welfare facility is introduced into a home, studies should be sufficiently conducted about the circumstances of daily life, not only of the aged user but also of the family members who take care of the aged user. In the development of handrails, it is found that plastic foam containing wood flour presents the feel of wood, easy to bend when heated. Materials are investigated for flexural strength, and ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) is chosen as the suitable material. As for devices to assist toileting, a system is developed under which the patient's legs are raised. Since there are arguments for and against the operation itself of mechanically raising a patient's legs, however, efforts will continue to develop much advanced systems. In the study of walk and transfer behavior, a toilet frame mockup is designed and manufactured, which is for collecting data. In an preliminary experiment, tests are conducted about a transfer from a chair to another and, assuming a physically handicapped patient, a transfer from a wheelchair. The data thus collected are to be subjected to analysis and image processing by the use of measuring sensors. Development is described of interfaces, for use in devices to serve as information mediums, which consider the cognition characteristics of the aged people. As for the development of devices for communication, environmental control, and display, their basic operation and feasibility are discussed. Actualities of costumes for physically handicapped people are also investigated, and development is carried out as required. (NEDO)

  20. Research and development in fiscal 2000 on element technologies for superconducting for electric power storage by using flywheels; 2000 nendo flywheel denryoku chozoyo chodendo jikuuke gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    With an objective to put flywheel electric power storage system into practical use, developmental research has been made on superconducting bearings that can support a rotating body having large load and rotating at high speed. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In the study of enhancing the loading force for developing the element technologies for the superconducting bearings, specifications were established and fabrication was performed on the Y-based superconducting bulk for bearings, whereas the healthiness thereof was verified by measuring the trapped magnetic field distribution. This bulk was applied with vacuum impregnation treatment of an epoxy-based resin, to have fabricated a superconducting bearing model with a diameter of 180 mm class. Regarding the RE-based superconducting bulk, studies were carried out on a synthesizing method including optimization of the fabricating conditions, a columnar Sm-based bulk body with a diameter of 60 mm was fabricated, and its healthiness was verified. In the research of a rotation loss reducing technology, discussions were given on optimizing the magnetic circuitry to reduce the magnetic variation, by using the three-dimensional magnetic field simulation. In the evaluation test utilizing the existing test machine, the loading force of a 180-mm class-bearing model has shown 2105N at maximum. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (photovoltaic power generation); 1976 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    This report describes the fiscal 1976 research result on the technical and economical perspectives of various solar cells, high-efficiency solar cell and its evaluation technique, and a photovoltaic power generation system and its applications. On Si single-crystal slice solar cell, it was pointed out that cost reduction by automatic production process using no vacuum process is essential. On Si thin film solar cell, some problems to be solved for development of particle accelerating growth technique were pointed out. Study was also made on 2-6 group compound semiconductor solar cell, 3-5 group bulk crystal solar cell, 3-5 group thin film solar cell, solar collection solar cell, and raw polycrystal Si materials. On photovoltaic power generation systems, it was reconfirmed through reconsideration of power generation systems for every application that the photovoltaic power generation system for residences is promising. On medium- scale power generation systems, study was made on power load and system configuration in consideration of applications to electric railway, highway, and power source of isolated islands. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1991 Report on the results of the researches on nonlinear photoelectronic materials; 1991 nendo hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    The nonlinear optics with light-light conversion and electro-optical effects are expected to be the optical materials of the next generation for their functions of, e.g., conversion of the infrared laser beams into visual light, and optical switching. The efforts are directed to development of the procedures for exploring and designing various raw materials, and technologies for synthesizing the raw materials and for producing and evaluating the materials, in order to develop highly nonlinear, high-speed responding materials. Three areas are studied; for the organic materials, the chiral nonlinear effects are demonstrated and the new procedure for determining electrical susceptibility ({gamma}) is developed; for the dispersed materials, highly nonlinear susceptibility of glass dispersed with fine particles of semiconductors, e.g., CuCl, is realized, and possibility of controlled dispersion of fine semiconductor particles in an organic polymer is established; and for development of the superlattice-based materials, the layered structures of thin organic superlattice films are studied, the thin semiconductor films of high purity and little defects are prepared, and development of the three-dimensional structures is started. The individual researches are conducted, 3 for the organic materials, 4 for the dispersed materials, and 2 for the superlattice-based materials. The targets of susceptibility and response are 10{sup -8}esu or more and 10ps or less, respectively. (NEDO)

  3. Report for fiscal 1981 of Sunshine Program coal group. Basic research on Solvolysis liquefaction technology; 1981 nendo solvolysis ekika gijutsu no kiso kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Basic research is conducted on the Solvolysis liquefaction process for the purpose of producing from coal an ashless, low-sulfur, pollution-free liquid fuel. In the research on the Solvolysis liquefaction (1st stage liquefaction) of coal using a hydrogenation solvent, the Solvolysis liquefaction of coal is studied, for which a refined Solvolysis pitch containing coal substances and a hydride of solvent refined coal are used as Solvolysis liquefaction solvents for the 1st stage. In the research on the 1st stage liquefaction reaction conditions using a high-temperature closed process, two methods are employed. One is a method that uses a mini-pump type reactor in which a small hermetic container is submerged in a high-temperature solvent for rapid heating and the other is a method that uses a pipe type reactor in which coal slurry is caused to travel through a pipe heated to a high temperature. For the analysis of the 2nd stage liquefaction (hydrogenation) reaction conditions, the properties of the 2nd coal liquid, and the constitution of the 2nd coal liquid, and the for the research on the 1st stage liquefaction capacity, the hydrogenation of anthracene oil and solvent refined coal as recyclable solvent models is studied. (NEDO)

  4. Report on 1981 result of Sunshine Project. Research on direct liquefaction reactor of coal; 1981 nendo sekitan no chokusetsu ekika hannoki no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-07-01

    This paper explains the results of research on direct liquefaction reaction of coal in fiscal 1981. The direct liquefaction is a reaction of three phases, gas-liquid-solid, under high temperature and high pressure. A tube type was employed in order to increase volume efficiency of the reactor, the continuous phase disperse number was decreased in order to bring it close to plug flow, and the paste Re number was increased to some extent in order to prevent sedimentation of coal particles. Hydrogen was supplied from the tube halfway for the purpose of supplementing the lowering of hydrogen partial pressure with the progress of reaction. A gas-liquid separator was installed so that increase in gas quantity was controlled in the rear stage of the reactor. As for catalysts, iron ore-sulfur system was examined which was promising as a disposable catalyst in place of the conventional iron system. Effect of catalytic addition was clearly recognizable in comparison with non-catalytic, with an exothermic peak observed comparable to the coal hydrogenation reaction of 350-420 degree C. Its catalytic effect was also presumable from the high pressure differential thermal analysis curve. The catalytic mechanism in the case where sulfur is added to hematite and limonite is similar to that of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} - sulfur catalyst, with the center of activity supposed to be Fe{sub 1-x}S. The catalytic effect is largely dependent on the particle size. (NEDO)

  5. Sunshine Program for fiscal 1981. Research on direct coal-liquefaction reactor; 1981 nendo sekitan chokusetsu ekika hannoki no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-04-17

    The research aims to develop a new-type high-efficiency reactor for direct coal-liquefaction from a reaction engineering viewpoint and, at the same time, to settle problems expected to occur in industrializing this technique. The research items are Item 1 on the analysis of characteristics of a tubular continuous reactor and Item 2 on high-activity catalysts. Under Item 1, on the assumption that liquefaction reaction is dominantly a reaction in a continuous phase, a reactor is selected in consideration of homogeneous-phase reaction, and operating conditions are set according to the selected reactor and to the liquefaction reaction characteristics. A somewhat large Re number is assigned to the paste. Since the hydrogen partial pressure lowers with the progress of reaction, hydrogen is resupplied at the middle of the reaction tube. The volume of gas increases toward the final stage of reaction, decreasing the continuous phase holdup. Since it is undesirable to let the decrease stand, a vapor-liquid separator is provided for the control of the gas volume. In this fiscal year, investigation is conducted into details so as to determine if the reactor is equipped with intended characteristics. Under Item 2, the iron ore is deemed to be the most promising as disposal catalysts for liquefaction. In this fiscal year, studies are conducted to disclose the activity etc. of catalysts of this type. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy system (weather survey); 1976 nendo taiyo energy system no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Kisho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-31

    This report describes the fiscal 1976 research result on weather survey for solar energy systems. Study was made on preparation of the global solar radiation (GSR) map of Japan. To obtain the estimation equation of GSR based on related weather data, analysis was made on data at A type GSR observation sites and related weather data. As some factors effective for estimating monthly mean GSR, a relative sunshine duration, snowfall index (ratio of days more than 10cm in snowfall) and solar altitude index (sine of solar altitude at culmination hour) were selected. The estimation equation was prepared on the basis of these above factors. GSR was affected by relative sunshine duration exceedingly, snowfall by 12%, and solar altitude difference by 6% within an error of 5%. The monthly and annual GSR maps were prepared every site by the above calculation. The continuous observation results in Kagoshima and Fukuoka by recording direct pyranometers are presented. Scattered solar radiation is defined as the difference between simultaneously measured GSR and direct solar radiation. Weather data preparation in Fukuoka for design of solar cooling/heating and hot water supply systems is also described. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (solar furnace); 1974 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu. Taiyoro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-03-01

    In fiscal 1974, analysis was made on the concept design of solar furnace hardware, and utilization and use purpose of solar furnaces as high-temperature industrial heat source. Detailed survey was also made on the history of high- temperature solar furnaces. Based on the history of large- scale solar furnaces and the current state of some industries consuming a large amount of thermal energy, wide consideration was made on the applicability of large-scale solar furnaces as heat source in the future. Although various applications of large-scale solar furnaces are expected in the future, their current main applications are production of high-melting point materials, research on high-temperature physical properties, production of silicon, and solar heat power generation. A solar furnace is mainly composed of a parabolic reflector and heliostat plane reflector as optical system. It is necessary for practical industrial use of solar furnaces to study on furnace core design, profitability, installation site, temperature control, and reflector maintenance enough. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1987 R and D of observation system for probing resources. 3/3; 1987 nendo shigen tansayo kansoku system no kenkyu kaihatsu. 3/3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-07-01

    This paper puts together the R and D of a sensor system and a data transmission system in the R and D of observation system for probing resources. In the studies of the on-satellite synthetic-aperture radar (SAR), reexamination was conducted on the basic design of the SAR system and its test plan; also conducted were the drafting of the combination test plan of an SAR/mission transmitter and the design/manufacturing of the machinery required for the test. In the studies of the on-satellite optical sensor, the research of the function/performance of an optical sensor system was carried out, as were the design/manufacturing of an engineering model and the design/model preparation of a visible near infrared radiometer, short-wave infrared radiometer, thermal controller, etc. In the R and D of the data transmission system, a mission recording device was manufactured and tested, with the electrical/mechanical performance confirmed. Further, as a result of the test of the mission transmitter antenna, it was found to fulfill the development specifications. (NEDO)

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 1984 describing research and development of earth resources observation systems; 1984 nendo shigen tansayo kansoku system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-01

    Japan's Outline of Space Development were renewed in February 1984. Under the new principles, the earth resources satellite (ERS-1) program is to be promoted and that research and development efforts for a launch in fiscal 1989 are to be started. Industrial, academic, and governmental organizations concerned making their utmost efforts have established a Technology Research Association for Resources Remote Sensing for the execution of the tasks. The contents of its business are the research and development of an observation system to be installed aboard ERS-1. That is, a synthetic aperture radar and other equipment such as optical sensors and data transmission systems will be developed, and technologies necessary for the development of a satellite borne observation system will be established through evaluation and verification by testing such systems for instance aboard aircraft. Carried out in fiscal 1984 are the studies of required specifications and the drafting of research and development programs for the next and the following fiscal years involving the research and development of the resources exploration system as a whole, sensor systems, and data transmission systems. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Basic research on dissimilar metal welding technology; 2000 nendo izai yosetsu gijutsu no kiso kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Basic data for the above subject were collected through technical research on the melt welding of dissimilar metals and through conducting experiments under microgravity concerning the phenomenon of melt welding. The technical research covered reports published in the past 25 years on the welding or bonding of dissimilar materials. For each of the combinations of dissimilar materials of steel, nonferrous metal, and ceramics for producing a transitional joint, investigations were conducted as to whether dissimilar metal welding or bonding was currently feasible under each of the welding or bonding methods, and problems were extracted and remedies were gathered. No melt welding technology was found, however, capable of directly welding dissimilar materials for a transitional joint in which intermetallic compounds were to be formed. In a melt welding experiment conducted under microgravity, investigations were conducted into the effect of surface tension and gravity on convection inside a molten pool and into the bonding of dissimilar materials for which Al/Cu and Al/Mg were involved. It was then shown that microgravity is effective in mitigating stirring and segregation in a molten pool. (NEDO)

  11. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999. Research and development of advanced function creating and processing technologies; 1990 nendo senshin kino soshutsu kako gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    In order to provide materials with superior advanced functions such as high-level biological compatibility, external environment identifying function, chemical reaction activating function, high-performance electromagnetic properties, and corrosion and heat resistant high strength properties, it is intended to establish novel material creating technologies using chemical processing processes that can control finely the compositions and constructions of the materials. The efforts include (1) works on research and development of an ultra-high purity separating technology composed mainly of laser selection and excitation actions for manifestation of new natures such as sensing function, catalytic function, and electromagnetic properties, (2) works on research and development of a micro-fine crystal controlling technology capable of designing materials, such as micro-fine particle synthesizing, dispersing and compounding technologies, micro thin film lamination, and interface controlling technologies to create materials having high strength as well as high tenacity, and (3) works on research and development of high-function organic material synthesizing technologies compounding the utilization of high-grade photons with application of extreme environmental fields such as ferromagnetic fields whose effects are expected on controlling structure like orientation of atomic and molecular levels for the purpose of creating high-function materials having high heat resistance, corrosion resistance, and lubrication performance. (NEDO)

  12. Manganese nodule mining system. Summary of research and development in fiscal 1986; Mangan dankai saiko system 1986 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-06-01

    With an objective to ensure stable supply of non-ferrous metal resources, and enhance the ocean development technologies, research and development has been performed on an ore mining system to mine the manganese nodules existing in deep ocean bottoms by using the fluid dredge system. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1986. In the research and development of the total system, preparation was made on the basic performance specifications for the experiment vessel, specifications, basic arrangement drawings, different system drawings, and inquiry specifications for the major devices. In the comprehensive ocean experiment plan, simulations were performed on the comprehensive motion performance related to system behavior during the experiment. In the research and development of the ore collecting system, detailed designs were made on the nodule take-in device, separation and supply device, and the driving device. In the research of the ore lifting system, detailed design and FTA analysis were performed on the pump lift device and air lift device. In addition, detailed designs were executed on the ore lifting pipes and joints, flexible hoses, vibration absorbing device, and negative pressure preventing device. Discussions were given also on the handling system, and measurement and control system. (NEDO)

  13. Outline of research achievement of fiscal 1983. Development of coal liquefaction technologies; Sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu. 1983 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-07-01

    Reported are the results of (1) the development of bituminous coal liquefaction technology, (2) development of brown coal liquefaction technology, (3) experimental fabrication and development of plant equipment and materials therefor, and (4) a survey on coal type selection. The goals of the development are mentioned below. Under Item (1), an optimum liquefaction process and a solid/liquid separation process are to be defined, the effect of iron-based catalysts upon liquefaction reaction is to be elucidated, a technology for constructing a direct hydroliquefaction unit is to be established, and a plant using such a unit is to be developed. Under Item (2), an optimum liquefaction technology is to be established, high in economic efficiency and reliability, by subjecting Australia's Victoria brown coal to the direct liquefaction process. In particular, a new brown coal liquefaction technology is to be established, which will be an organic combination of a novel, raw brown coal slurry dehydration technology, a solvent deashing technology, and the secondary hydrogenation technology, all centering on the basic technology of primary hydrogenation. Under Item (3), reactor materials, accessory materials, slurry pumps, etc., are to be experimentally manufactured and developed further. Under Item (4), data are to be collected on coal resources, coal quality, liquefaction characteristics, etc., during the process of technology development for liquefaction, etc. Furthermore, methods are to be established for the effective utilization of liquefaction products and for their optimum refining. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1998 research report on micro-particle control process technology; 1998 nendo micro ryushi seigyo process gijutsu no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For establishment of process technology realizing control of forms and structures of micro-particles on practical equipment, research was made on related elementary technologies and current technologies. The research was promoted aiming at synthesis of micro-particles from nanometer to micrometer in size and their application to functional materials, establishment of the methodology for correlating the microstructure and function of micro-particle materials with fabrication process, and establishment of a common-base technology system in chemical technology aiming at fabrication of functional materials. As for the common- base technology, to clarify its importance, research was made on the fabrication method and dispersion mechanism of nano- particles, particle arraying method by coating, device fabrication technique by coating, and one-step synthesis and coating of nano-particles. As for the project research, synthesis of monodispersed nano-particles at large production rates, fabrication of thin films and bulk materials by arraying and coating. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1980 Sunshine Project research report. Research on underground reinjection mechanism of hot water; 1980 nendo nessui no chika kangen mechanism no chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1980 research result on reinjection mechanism of hot water. In the research in Takinoue area, except one well with drop of nearly 2m, no change in underground water level was observed, and no change in water temperature except seasonal change, no change in river water and no leakage of reinjected hot water were also observed. Quantitative simulation was made on hot water supply from the outside strata to storage strata, features of hydraulic structure, pressure fluctuation and water balance, using tracer test data. In Nigori-Gawa area, no clear change in water level and water temperature was found. Various basic parameter data related to water flow in rocks composing storage strata were obtained by tracer test. In the research on the effect of reinjected hot water on the ground, in Takinoue area, fine earthquake was observed on fault planes, however, the spectral analysis result showed no change in ground condition. The precise survey result showed specific fluctuation during last year. In Nigori-Gawa area, fine earthquake was equivalent to that before development. Vertical and horizontal fluctuations were also observed by precise survey. (NEDO)

  16. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on research and development of solid electrolyte fuel cells; Kotai denkaishitsugata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu 1997 nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    This paper describes the achievements in fiscal 1997 on research and development of solid electrolyte fuel cells. Fuji Electric has demonstrated possibilities of film type cells of predominantly metallic flat plate supporting type of a large-area cell lamination system, and seal-less stack structure. Sanyo Electric has discussed making thinner the composite cell lamination type anode, optimization in sintering temperature, and sealing materials. The Fine Ceramic Center has performed a 1,000-hour test on an La(Sr) MnO{sub 3}-YSZ electrode, in which A-site defect amount was decreased to 0.1-0.02 to stabilize micro-structure air electrodes for an extended period of time. Fujikura has discussed functional materials for high dispersion and slanting in a fuel electrode Ni/YSZ. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries has fabricated MgO-based fuel electrodes on a trial basis, and performed internal reformation and power generation tests by using full-size stacks. Murata Manufacturing Company has verified long-term power generation properties and stability of a three-layered co-sintered film of flat plate type. Mitsui Shipbuilding has reached a near final conclusion on the basic structure of gas separator cells. The Central Electric Power Research Institute has completed a conceptual design on a 300-MW class composite power generation system in which SOFC and gas turbines are combined. The Electric Power Development Company has discussed problems in SOFC composite power generation development using coal gasified fuel. (NEDO)

  17. Investigational report on international joint research in medical/walfare appliances in fiscal 1993; 1993 nendo iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    The field of concrete cooperation, method of R and D, and business, environment to support the project, and system to promote the project were studied for the research under international cooperation through investigating the trend and organization of R and D of the medical/welfare appliances at home and abroad. Projects were then proposed. In the project for collecting/analyzing the trace quantity of blood, the anomaly is inspected at a molecular level from the collected trace quantity of blood to make the biochemical inspection painless for the patients suffering from infectious symptom or disease of adults. In the project for the high-accuracy and high-function measurement without invading the diseased part of living body, the configuration and metabolic function are measured by nuclear magnetic resonance to early detect the symptom of Alzheimer and other different obstinate diseases. In the operation support system project with three-dimensional images of living body, the three-dimensional information is obtained, by X-ray CT or MRI, about the diseased part of living tissue. Upon the exact determination of its location, the disease is cured. Besides, the monitoring systemproject was proposed for the old people`s safety against dementia. The human care robot project was also done. 56 refs., 11 figs., 15 tabs.

  18. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey and research concerning development of next-generation chemical process technologies; 1999 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To further enhance resource/energy conservation and environmental impact reduction, it is necessary to develop innovative chemical reaction process technologies. It is for this reason that 'development of next-generation chemical reaction process technologies' is being carried out under the New Sunshine Program. The survey and research, for the fulfilment of the above goal, aim to select important technologies and put in a easy-to-study order the problems contained in associated technologies for picking out tasks for future studies for the purpose of suggesting some subjects to be taken up for future development. In addition, studies are made about how a comprehensive technology assessment system should be. In this fiscal year, propositions are compiled for research and development projects on five subjects. Studies of subjects other than these five will also continue to eventually build concrete propositions on them. The said five subjects involve 1) the development and application of nonaqueous biotechnologies, 2) biotechnology-aided polymeric material creation processes, 3) construction of high-efficiency energy conservation processes using innovative grain handling technologies in the high-temperature reaction field, 4) manufacture of high-performance polymeric materials for batteries and development of battery fabrication processes, and 5) the development of an energy conservation process maximally utilizing environmentally-friendly polyolefin. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2000 research and development on DSRC/ITS application systems for vehicles; 2000 nendo DSRC/ITS shasaiki no oyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 2000 results of the research and development project aimed at application of the large-capacity, high-speed, bilateral dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) techniques, used for communication between running vehicles for electronic toll collection (ETC), to various types of ITS. The current ETC data alone is useful to apply the tollgate passage histories to the management of the vehicle operation. For practical application of the ETC tollgate passage data by transportation companies, developing the IC card readers installed at their offices and examining methods of interconnecting the DSRC-based vehicle operation management systems and ETC are effective. The field demonstration tests are conducted for DSRC-based onboard ETC equipment in real environments. The standards or guidelines are drafted for the four research items studied for application of DSRC/ITS onboard equipment, based on the onboard system architectures. More concretely, the standard specifications are drafted for the two items of the DSRC-applied platforms and functional diversification of the onboard ITS equipment, and the guidelines are drafted for the other two items of application of the DSRC systems for paying various fees and application of the DSRC systems for vehicle operation management. (NEDO)

  20. FY1999 annual report on the research and development on practical industrial cogeneration technology; 1999 nendo sangyoyo cogeneration jitsuyo gijutsu kaihatsu kenkyu seika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The basic plan aims to quicken the practical application of the industrial HBGT (hybrid gas turbine) cogeneration technology and thereby to realize high-efficiency energy utilization for reduction in CO2 emission. For this purpose, a medium-scale HBGT, expected to be high in efficiency and low in polluting, and its components are subjected to assessment tests and endurance tests to prove that there are reliability and soundness in HBGT. Ceramic members are developed which are high in strength at elevated temperatures and in resistance to oxidation, and are subjected to assessment so that they will be further improved in reliability and durability. An HBGT is designed, fabricated, and operated. The engine system is tested for performance, and the performance is improved. It is put to a long-term operation, which is to confirm the presence of soundness and reliability in HBGT as an industrial cogeneration system. Industrial fields in which HBGT will be useful are selected and surveys are conducted to find out how it will function in such selected fields. Problems which HBGT will encounter upon practical application are extracted, and measures for solving them are clarified. Such an HBGT will have a shaft output of approximately 8,000kW, engine thermal efficiency of not less than 34%, and a turbine inlet temperature of approximately 1,250 degrees C. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 2000 pioneering research on the research on high-sensitivity passive measurement/analysis technologies; 2000 nendo kokando passive keisoku bunseki gijutsu no chosa sendo kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The above-named research was brought over from the preceding fiscal year. Needs for passive measurement were investigated, and it was found that what are named below were interested in passive measurement. Wanting passive measurement technology were the analysis of organic matters on semiconductor wafers, analysis of dangerous substances in wastes, measurement of substances in the life space causing allergy to chemical substances, measurement of constituents of gas emitted by organisms for example through expiration, measurement for automatic sorting of plastic wastes, 2-dimensional spectrometry for medical treatment of organisms, and so forth. In the survey of seeds, various novel technologies were investigated in the fields of optical systems, sensors, and signal processing. The outcomes of the survey indicated that high-sensitivity measurement and analysis of spectral images, measurement and analysis of trace quantities in he fields of medical treatment, environmental matters, and semiconductors would be feasible by the use of newly developed technologies involving the interference array type 2-dimensional modulation/demodulation device, 2-dimensional high-sensitivity infrared sensor, high-sensitivity systematization technology, mixed signal separation technology capable of suppressing noise and background light, and technology for increasing processing speeds. (NEDO)

  2. FY1998 report on the surveys and studies on developing next generation chemical process technologies; 1998 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For further resource and energy conservation and environmental load reduction, development is necessary on innovative chemical reaction technologies. This paper describes surveys on next generation chemical processes. As non-halogen processes subject to development of new catalysts, new processes were investigated and searching experiments and discussions were given on isocyanate, propylene oxide, and phenol. Technological progress in the C1 chemistry was investigated. Problems in hydrocarbon compound oxidation, hydroxylation, and decomposition by utilizing microorganisms were put into order as application of environmentally friendly technologies. Marine biotechnical possibilities were surveyed. The surveys were given on new processes utilizing the phase transfer catalyst forming a third phase, manufacture of biodegradable plastics, and a novel reaction system combined with self-separation process using molecular assembly. Possibilities were searched on designing a truly simple production system of highly energy saving type. Such fundamental common technologies as structure analysis, property control and reaction engineering were investigated for methods to manufacture functional micro-powder chemical materials. Development was discussed on a system for technology assessment over whole product life cycle to structure a technology assessment basis. (NEDO)

  3. Report on results 1998. Research and development on fusion area. Part 2 (chemo-intelligence); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu daini bunsatsu (chemo-intelligence)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Chemo-intelligence is defined as artificially realizing and then materializing various functions and structures that are caused by the transmission of precise chemical information based on molecular recognition in organisms. Creation of substances/materials having functions no less superior to those of organisms enables environmentally benign, energy-saving, and resource-conserving functional materials to be realized, as materials for separation of toxic and useful substances, their sensing, and the conversion (catalysts). For this purpose, started were a computational chemical approach for molecular design, functional prediction, functional analysis, etc., to realize precise molecular recognition; an approach from synthesis of molecular recognition compounds; an approach from functional manifestation/elucidation, structural analysis, etc.; and also investigation and research on application to the materialization and systematization. The results were summarized by classifying them into molecular interactions, host molecules, ionic substance recognition compounds, super molecular structures, materialization, application, etc.. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Kamogawa research and development; 1998 nendo Welfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Kamogawa) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Opinions were heard from residents about residences designed for aged people. According to their physical conditions, residents of advanced age may be classified into four groups, that is, 'Aged person who is self-reliant,' 'Patient who can walk using a walking stick or handrail, with a caregiver,' 'Patient who rides a wheelchair, with a caregiver,' 'Patient who is bedridden, with a caregiver.' The collected data will be effectively utilized in the future for planning residences that respect an advanced age. The difference between the four groups ensues from difference in human relationship in the residences and in movement and caregiving in daily life. When a residence in which a patient lives with the family is set forth for premise, what is important is to consider the request of the patient that the residence be functionally perfect and, at the same time, attention must be paid to the psychological desire that the residence be equipped with what a home is generally supposed to offer. Emerging increasingly definite out of the research conducted this fiscal year are policies towards the development of, and the feasibility of, a remotely controlled medical assistance system with patients allowed to stay at home and terminal equipment therefor. An experimentally constructed movement assistance unit is tested at Welfare Technohouse Kamogawa, and findings are obtained about the safe use of a barrier-free condominium thanks to such functions as motor-assisted walking, assistance for standing-up, collision avoidance, etc. (NEDO)

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Osaka research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Osaka) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Old people's need for illumination is sufficiently covered by the JIS-stipulated illumination range. Although the minimum safe limit for the aged is serval times higher than that of the young, yet electricity saving may still be enhanced by proper adjustment without spoiling amenity for the aged. A hard floor puts a burden on the knees. The degree of fatigue due to the use of footgear is dependent not only on the shape but also on the user's habit. The transfer equipment seat surface height, if improperly set, oppresses the user psychologically and physiologically, the burdens heavier when the seat is lower. As compared with transfer aboard the wheelchair, a horizontal movement on the seat surface by the use of arms (fore and aft, right and left) demands less physiological burden. The above-said matters are taken into consideration when designing transfer equipment. As for emergency information systems, it is necessary to study seat pressure distribution, change in body temperature in a bath, change in blood pressure on the stool, and to develop a pulse counting simulator. A life space simulator and welfare utensil fitness evaluation are discussed. Also discussed are the development of a simulator for the comprehensive evaluation of motorized wheelchairs for their capability to encourage self-reliance, monitoring systems, and supervising/reporting systems (toilet irregularity annunciators etc.). (NEDO)

  6. Report on the achievements in fiscal 1999 of research and development of fusion zones. Calculation science; 1999 nendo yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Keisan kagaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In order to elucidate the mechanism for specific phenomena from the atom scale to the meso-scale, developmental research has been performed on a fusion type calculation method. This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 1999. In planning the policy of structuring the program package TACPAC and its application method, the program for materials STATE using the classical molecule dynamics method and the biological program, Peach, were selected as the programs to act as the nuclei. In continuing performance improvements respectively in the computer programs to be fused, and improving the performance of the software fused with them, the programs were transferred into a super-computer. As a result, it was found that the classical and the first principle quantum molecular dynamics method program STATE can be executed at high efficiency on the super-computer. In executing the challenging computer simulation and developing a calculation method for large scale systems, researches were performed on alcohol synthesizing reaction on copper surface and the status of association of gene DNA molecules with enzymes, and development was carried out on a matrix generation method to calculate non-empirical molecule trajectories of the large scale systems. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1999 Advanced research and development project under New Sunshine Project. Study on supercritical solvolysis reaction; 1999 nendo chorinkai ryutai riyo gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The research and development project is implemented for the chemical processes which utilize supercritical fluids, in order to establish the basic technologies for the environment-friendly chemical processes. For the solvolysis, the conditions under which plastics are hydrolyzed in supercritical water are investigated, and the basic data are obtained for the optimum conditions under which thermoplastic resins are hydrolyzed. The mechanisms involved in hydrolysis of polymers in supercritical water are elucidated to some extent. The environment-friendly process for synthesizing polycarbonate in supercritical carbon dioxide gas is investigated, and the continuous flow sheets are established for securing almost 100% conversion in the presence of an inexpensive catalyst. For the oxidation, the tests are conducted to burn low-grade coal in supercritical water, and the conditions under which it is burnt without releasing acid and toxic gases are found. For the hydrogenation, heavy fuel oil is treated in supercritical water to produce the lighter products. The conditions under which light oils and gases are produced are clarified, and the basic data are obtained for producing light gases from the resultant coke as the by-product. (NEDO)

  8. Industrial science and technology frontier program progress reports for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics; 1998 nendo synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In relation with research and development of 'synergy ceramics' which have begun since fiscal 1994 under a joint organization of the industries, Government and academic circles, reports were given on the achievement status of the whole of the first stage of the project, together with the results of researches made in fiscal 1998. With regard to high-order structure control technologies, reports were given on the following subjects: precursor design, structure formation design, nano-structure process and structuring reaction process as the basic technologies for structure creation, and inter-hierarchy deposition reaction control, phase boundary formation control, anisotropic particle interface control and high-order space production control as the structural element control technologies. With respect to analysis and evaluation technologies, reports were given on research achievements in fundamental technologies for analysis and evaluation, and property developing element evaluation technologies. In the field of overall survey and study, various committees and study meetings were held, research projects were planned, and technological trends were surveyed, whose results were reported. In the joint researches, reports were given on the survey and study on new material creation by means of high-order structure control, and the research on high-order structure control of ceramics by means of structuring reaction process control. (NEDO)

  9. Global environmental benefits of industrial heat pumps (fiscal 1993); 1993 nendo koon heat pumping gijutsu ni yoru chikyu ondanka keigen koka ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted aiming at making a quantitative grasp of effects of the spread of industrial heat pumps on energy conservation and greenhouse gas reduction and at promoting the spread. Finally, the following eight countries joined this international joint research: Canada, France, Japan, Holland, Norway, Sweden, the U.K. and the U.S. Each country share the work and expenses for the research with each other. Japan made investigational researches on the application of heat pumps to processes of the chemical industry, oil refining industry, food industry, paper/pulp industry, and dyeing/weaving industry, and on the effects of greenhouse gas reduction. As procedures taken, values up to 2010 were estimated of energy prices in each country, energy supply/demand, rates of the heat source configuration for electric power supply, etc., the heat flow of the above-mentioned process was made clear, and analyses were conducted of annual profits, energy consumption, and depreciation period in the case of adopting heat pumps. Moreover, the energy conservation amount and greenhouse effect gas reduction amount were estimated based on the result of the analyses. 69 figs., 196 tabs.

  10. Leading survey and research report for fiscal 1999. Survey and research on chemical reaction simulator technology; 1999 nendo kagaku hanno simulator gijutsu no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Although various chemical reactions are made use of at scenes of chemical industry for the acquisition of desired chemicals, the control of reaction process governing factors, such as temperature, pressure, catalysts, solutions, etc., is found to be carried out only on the empirical basis. At the present time, rational or optimum reaction designs are not to be prepared in a short period of time in the presence of the widespread shortage of knowledge about chemical reactions and of the shortage of understanding of chemical reactions at the micro level. Leading survey and research are conducted for the development of a 'chemical reaction simulator' technology to enable the acquisition of optimum reaction designing guidelines in a short period of time. Using the simulator, a chemical of his choice is inputted by a researcher engaged in the study of an real chemical reaction and then various techniques of computer science are mobilized for the preparation of a huge number of feasible reaction routes, and high-precision simulations are conducted for the feasible reaction routes. The results achieved this fiscal year are reported. The purpose of this research and its ripple effect on new product industry creation are stated. Then the positioning, mission, and concept of such a chemical reaction simulator are described. Finally, the result of research and survey of knowledge databases and the result of research and survey of computational chemistry are stated. (NEDO)

  11. Report on 1981 research result on the R and D of three-dimensional circuit element; 1981 nendo sanjigen kairo soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    For the purpose of contributing to the efficient R and D of three-dimensional circuit element technologies (laminated high density integrated element technology, laminated high-speed multi-functional integrated element technology, and laminated large capacity multi-functional integrated element technology), conducted were the survey of domestic and overseas technological trend, investigation of progress status of R and D, and extraction and analysis of problems concerning R and D. In the technological trend survey, the technologies that could sprout in the future were investigated and examined. In addition, examined as much as possible at the present time were the appearance as a device imaginable at the time of the development of the three-dimensional circuit element technology, the point at issue, essential technologies for the development of the element, etc., with the results reported. A report was made on the technology of obtaining a silicon crystal layer on an insulating object. The status quo of a technology for forming an insulated film suitable for a silicon multi-layer structure and of a technology for forming an electrode material was explained, as was a layer forming technology for an insulating object and a metallic material concerning a compound semiconductor layer technology. With the present status summarized on an image sensor in two dimensions, the transmission electron microscope method was introduced. Last of all, investigation results were compiled on the state of progress of each research for the three-dimensional circuit element technology. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program. Basic research on solvent treatment technology for coal; 1981 nendo sekitan no yozai shori gijutsu no kiso kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This research aims to prepare basic data on extraction liquefaction, which is one of the techniques of producing clean liquid fuels and chemical materials from coal, and thereby to contribute to the development of this process. The items taken up in this research are Item 1 on basic research using a small reactor, Item 2 on research on short-duration hydrogenation reaction in the intermediate temperature range, and Item 3 on basic research on the realization of a continuous operation. Item 1 is divided into Item (1) on primary hydrogenation extraction and Item (2) on secondary hydrogenation treatment. Under Item (1), hydrogenation characteristics are investigated of low rank coal with the Chinese brown coal heading the list and, under Item (2), the result of cleaner light oil production through secondary hydrogenation using different catalysts and the result of extraction from brown coal though secondary hydrogenation using a Co-Mo based catalyst are stated. Item 3 has been incorporated into Item 2 to stay there from this fiscal year on, and is divided into Item (1) on primary hydrogenation extraction and Item (2) on secondary hydrogenation treatment. Under Item (1), the result of a test operation of a small-size continuous coal hydrogenation extraction liquefaction unit using bituminous coal as specimen is reported and, under Item (2), the outline of a small-size fixed bed hydrogenation treatment unit newly installed this fiscal year is described. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1982 annual report on the research and development of automatic sewing systems; 1982 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    The automatic sewing system technique research association has been commissioned by the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology for (research and development of automatic sewing systems). This program covers R and D of the elementary techniques for total systems and sewing preparation/processing, sewing/assembling, cloth handling, and system management/control. The total system is designed and studied, and automation of the production systems is studied, in order to reduce time for producing unit quantity of diversified types of clothes in small quantities at least by 50% from the current level. The test plant is designed, constructed and operated, to evaluate and confirm its functions for the above purposes. In the FY 1982, the conceptual designs are drawn to establish the overall production systems for producing diversified types of clothes in small quantities. The program for the sewing preparation/processing evaluates various characteristics of cloth to be processed by the sewing system, based on which the cloth characteristics evaluation, cloth stabilization, high-function pattern preparation, and cloth measuring/unfolding/cutting techniques are studied to establish the automatic cloth unfolding/cutting techniques. The FY 1982 efforts are directed to the conceptual designs. (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program survey and research. Research on solar energy systems (Meteorological survey); 1981 nendo taiyo energy system no kenkyu. Kisho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-31

    The basic national map on global solar radiation compiled in fiscal 1975-76 provides but inadequate information on the weather of Japan where weather distribution and geography are complicated. The amount of global solar radiation is estimated using data supplied from 838 local weather stations across Japan, and a plan is implemented of compiling detailed local maps. For the application of a formula for this estimation, however, difference between the two types of sunshine recorders in use is taken up, which are the Jordan type and the solar cell type. Values observed using the two types of sunshine recorders at 149 sites are compared and the difference is defined. Using hourly observation records of sunshine duration at 838 sites across Japan (covering 2 years), and taking into consideration the outlines worked out for terrain and things on the ground surface, monthly correction coefficients are determined for correcting geography-caused difference in sunshine duration records (for all sites). Since the nationwide deployment of local weather stations was completed barely in 1979, normal values have to be estimated based on data collected in a short period following 1979. For 151 weather offices whose normal values are already known, normalization factors are worked out for converting the values obtained in a specified year into normal values, and monthly maps are prepared. When a normalization factor is determined for a given local weather station, values recorded at that station for a specified year may be converted into normal values. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1983 annual report on the research and development of automatic sewing systems. Total systems; 1983 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Total system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1984-03-01

    The automatic sewing system technique research association has been commissioned by the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology for (research and development of automatic sewing systems). This program covers R and D of the elementary techniques for total systems and sewing preparation/processing, sewing/assembling, cloth handling, and system management/control. This report describes the results of the R and D efforts for the total systems. The basic data are collected for a total of 5 representative types of apparels. The technical problems involved in the current and automatic sewing systems are clarified for each apparel type, to collect the data for studying the test plant plans. The automatic sewing system for each apparel type is illustrated by images, for expressing the system concepts. The concept for the basic designs of the total system is drawn for FMS. For achieving the objective of reducing time for producing unit quantity of diversified types of clothes in small quantities at least by 50% from the current level, the study is focused on how the works are (flown) in the system, for which configuration of each device is studied. The basic specifications are drawn, viewed from development of the total system. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1974-1975 Sunshine Project research report. Hydrogen energy research results (National laboratories and institutes); 1974, 1975 nendo suiso energy kenkyu seika hokokushu. Kokuritsu shiken kenkyusho kankei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-10-01

    This report summarizes the 21 research results on hydrogen energy promoted by 3 national laboratories and 2 national institutes. (1) Tokyo National Industrial Research Institute (TNIRI): Ca-I system, Mn system, S system and hybrid cycles, and water decomposition reaction by CO as thermochemical hydrogen production technique. (2) Osaka National Industrial Research Institute (ONIRI): Fe system, Cu system and ammonia system cycles, and high-temperature high-pressure water electrolysis. (3) Electrotechnical Laboratory: high- temperature direct thermolysis hydrogen production technique. (4) TNIRI: Mg-base and transition metal-base hydrogen solidification technique. (5) ONIRI: Ti-base and rare metal- base hydrogen solidification technique. (6) Mechanical Engineering Laboratory: hydrogen-fuel engines. (7) Electrotechnical Laboratory and ONIRI: fuel cell. (8) TNIRI: disaster preventive technology for gaseous and liquid hydrogen. (9) Chugoku National Industrial Research Institute: preventing materials from embrittlement due to hydrogen. (10) Electrotechnical Laboratory: hydrogen energy system. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1998 research achievement report. Research and development for acceleration of biological resource information infrastructure construction; 1998 nendo seibutsu shigen joho kiban seibi kasokuka kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To fulfill the above-mentioned purpose, research and development of technologies were carried out involving genetic information measurement, genetic information analysis and utilization, analysis and utilization of information on proteins, and the measurement of biomolecular interaction. In a chapter 'Research and development of genetic information analysis using next-generation genome chip,' gene amplification is effected using RNA-DNA molecules and a method for efficiently building UPD (unilateral protruding DNA) was developed. In a chapter 'Development of international standard DNA chip and analyzing system for analysis of massive gene expression,' a relational database program for activating a system for gene preservation, purification, multiple injection, and management was completed. In a chapter '3D-1D modelling of all the proteins coded on genomes,' this fiscal year, analyses were conducted using Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis as model microbes. In a chapter 'Analysis of gene expression clustering,' a software program was developed for measuring and analyzing the budding yeast gene expression profile. (NEDO)

  18. Summary of research and development of manganese nodule mining system in fiscal 1988; Mangan dankai saiko system 1988 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    With an objective to ensure non-ferrous metal resources such as nickel, cobalt, copper and manganese, and enhance the ocean development technologies, research and development has been performed on a technology to mine the manganese nodules existing in ocean bottoms as deep as 4,000 to 6,000 m. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1988. In the research and development of the experiment system, detailed design was made on the experiment system, and detailed planning and design on the experiment vessel. Investigations and selection were executed on modification candidate vessels. In the research of the ore mining system, discussions were given on the configuration and the basic design conditions for an ore mining system producing two million tons annually. In the research and development of the ore collecting system, the nodule take-in device, separation and supply device, and driving device, and part of the driving device were fabricated. In the pump lift device, fabrication was carried out on the ore lifting pump No. 2 and the submerged motor No. 1 panel, and in the air lift device, on the driving motors, control panels, speed-increasing gears, and air coolers. Furthermore, research and development was made on the ore lifting pipe system, the handling system, and the measuring and controlling system. (NEDO)

  19. Manganese nodule mining system. Summary of research and development in fiscal 1983; Mangan dankai saiko system 1983 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1984-08-01

    With an objective to ensure stable supply of non-ferrous metal resources, and enhance the ocean development technologies, research and development has been performed on an ore mining system to mine the manganese nodules existing in deep ocean bottoms by using the fluid dredge system. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1983. In the research and development of the total system, the vessel movement characteristics were identified by preparing and calculating the simulation program for movement performance of the experiment vessel. In the experiment plan, the meteorological and hydrographic condition data for the candidate sea areas for the experiment and near Japan were collected and analyzed, and so were the sea bottom condition data for the nodule existing sea areas. In the research and development of the ore collecting system, experimental researches were carried out on the underwater stability, grounding and de-grounding performance, ore collecting performance, and crushing performance of the ore collecting machine. In the research of the ore lifting system, the pump lift device was given such tests and experiments as the pump performance experiment, the shaft sealing and bearing selection test, and the undersea module behavior test. In addition, the air lift device was given the leakage test on the air pipe joints, and the function verification test. (NEDO)

  20. Summary of FY 1980 results of Sunshine Project. Development of coal liquefaction techniques; 1980 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Sunshine keikaku itaku kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report summarizes the results of the 3 R and D themes for coal liquefaction techniques, pursued by the Sunshine Project; (1) development of solvent extraction type liquefaction plant, and brown coal liquefaction technique R and D demonstration surveys, (2) development of solvolysis type liquefaction plant, and (3) development of direct hydrogenation type liquefaction plant. For the theme (1), the 1 T/D test plant, solid/liquid separator and small-size continuous settlement separator are constructed, and partly completed. The elementary studies include solvent extraction type liquefaction process, materials for coal liquefaction plant and solid/liquid separation. Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal are studied to clarify the possible problems involved in liquefaction of these coal species for commercialization of the liquefaction techniques in the early stage. The elementary techniques studied include dehydration of brown coal, milling at high temperature in oil, de-ashing, and secondary and primary hydrogenation. For the theme (2), the 1 T/D plant is inspected and maintained to clarify the problems involved in the continuous operation, revamped and repaired as necessary, given preventive maintenance, and tested for operability confirmation. The elementary studies include solvolysis type liquefaction process, scale-up, hydrogenation plant for solvolysis pitch. For the item (3), the 2.4 T/D test plant is constructed, and the elementary studies are conducted, for, e.g., liquefaction reactions in the presence of an iron-based catalyst. (NEDO)

  1. Manganese nodule mining system. Summary of research and development in fiscal 1985; Mangan dankai saiko system 1985 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-06-01

    With an objective to ensure stable supply of non-ferrous metal resources, and enhance the ocean development technologies, research and development has been performed on an ore mining system to mine the manganese nodules existing in deep ocean bottoms by using the fluid dredge system. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1985. In the research and development of the total system, simulations were performed in order to identify the transportation characteristics of slurries in pipes under the comprehensive ocean experiment conditions. Reviews were given on the main items and basic performance of the ore mining experiment vessel. In the research and development of the ore collecting system, evaluations were made on the take-in performance, separating and crushing performance, and nodule blow-up performance through an experiment using a water current tank. In the research and development of the ore lifting system, experiments and evaluations were given on the pump lift device with regard to the submerged transformer, submerged switches, shaft sealing, and pump wear and tear. In addition, the air lift device was given a functional test, and the air blow-in valve a function verification test. Furthermore, tests and researches were carried out on joints of the ore lifting pipes, and on pipe wear. (NEDO)

  2. Achievement report on research and development in fiscal 1989. Research and development of non-linear photoelectron materials; 1989 nendo hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    With an objective to realize the communication and information processing utilizing the high velocity and parallelism of light, search for materials having non-linear susceptibility and high-speed responsiveness, and research and development of the material using technology have begun. This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 1989. In developing organic materials, investigations and preliminary experiments were performed on three-dimensional non-linear photoelectron materials of organic low molecular systems, such as chiral non-linear photoelectron material. Fundamental studies were made on growth of orientation controlled crystals. Researches were carried out on polymeric films of organic and conjugate systems. In developing the dispersed system materials, researches were executed on a technology to deposit CuCl particulates using the air phase method and porous glass impregnation method, and on evaluation of non-linear photoelectron properties of CuCl particulate dispersed glass. In addition, glass dispersed system materials were studied by using the sol-gel method, the ultra-low melting point glass method, and the ultra quenching method. Furthermore, for the organic dispersed system materials, synthesizing conditions were discussed on CdS/polymer dispersing element films, and ultra-particulate synthesizing experiments were performed. In developing the ultra-grid system materials, researches were performed on the organic ultra grid making technology and the three-dimensional ultra-structuring technology. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1998 achievement report. Research and development of simplified dioxin analyzing technology, etc.; 1998 nendo dioxin kan'i bunseki gijutsu nado kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A simplified method is developed, which measures dioxins in flue gas without using GC/MS (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) of the double focusing type. The sampling device is built of two collecting bottles, containing water and diethylene glycol, and uses no XAD-2 (cross-linked amberlight divinyl benzene) resin. Such a design does not need time consuming Soxlet extraction in the sampling process and shortens the processing time. An HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) system replaces the convenient column chromatography system in the cleanup process, and this enables automation and rapid treatment. For the measurement of toxicity equivalent, GC/MS is used to separate and quantify 17 kinds of toxic isomers as in the conventional method. The GC/MS is of the quadruple focusing type, however, and this reduces the device cost at the initial stage and shortens the time for operators to acquire the skills of maintenance and operation. Though the quadruple focusing type is inferior to the double focusing type in sensitivity, the shortcoming is compensated for by massive specimen injection using a PTV (programmable temperature vaporizer). The result of a JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard) method and the result of this newly developed method are found to agree excellently with each other. This method is simple and efficient, suitable for use in the analysis of small incinerator flue gas. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on the research and development of nanometer controlled optical disk system; 2000 nendo nanometer seigyo hikari disk system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Development proceeded of nanometer controlled optical memory technologies as part of systematic research and development aiming at the reinforcement of industrial technology power in the field of data recording. Activities were conducted in the four fields of (1) high density signal processing technology, (2) high performance disk materials technology, (3) disk substrate fabrication technology, and (4) signal detection technology. Discussed in field (1) were multivalue ROM (read only memory) disk signal regeneration, SIL-LBR (solid immersion lens-laser beam recorder), dry etching process using RIE (reactive ion etching), SHG (second harmonic generation) blue laser, and a multivalue ROM disk evaluation system. Studied in field (2) were the evaluation of ROM disk performance dependent on recording materials, development of high density recording materials, and the evaluation of crystallization induction time using a static tester. Studied in the development of high density recording materials was the formation of microscopic recording marks in a phase shift/surface recording type disk comprising a 4-element (Ag-In-Sb-Te) recording layer and an Ag reflection layer. In fiscal 2000, an attempt was made at the 0.07 {mu}m level. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1987 R and D of observation system for probing resources. 2/3; 1987 nendo shigen tansayo kansoku system no kenkyu kaihatsu. 2/3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-07-01

    This paper puts together the studies of the system design and control technology and of the system design and evaluation technology concerning the R and D of observation system for probing resources. In the studies of the system design and control technology, conducted were the design/examination on the electrical, mechanical and thermal interfaces between the satellite body and a mission transmitter, as well as the examinations on the mounting position, environmental test conditions, etc., with results produced. Also conducted were the interface with the terrestrial station, operation mission analysis, etc. In the studies of the system design and evaluation technology, for the purpose of evaluating ERS-1 optical sensor specifications, experiments by aircraft were carried out which used on-aircraft imaging spectro radiometer, with evaluation performed by means of multi-channel image data so obtained. Further, in the aircraft/space shuttle experiments, examination was carried out on such items as an aircraft system concerning optical sensors, visible near infrared radiometer, short wave infrared radiometer, and on-satellite synthetic-aperture radar. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply system; 1974 nendo taiyonetsu reidanbo kyuto system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-03-01

    This report describes the fiscal 1974 research result on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply system. This 3- year project from fiscal 1974 to 1976 aims to predict the share of solar energy in future cooling/heating and hot water supply energy demand, and develop simulation technology. The project surveys and analyzes current domestic and overseas development states, and studies various systems to obtain characteristics of every system, pursuit an optimum implementation, and establish a diffusion plan. Future energy consumptions and prices are predicted in relation to energy saving, and the utilization impact of solar energy is analyzed. Study is also made on diffusion plan, profitability and performance evaluation method. Among these schedules, in fiscal 1974 based on the survey and analysis on previous domestic and overseas development states, features and problems were arranged every system and application. The basic study on system simulation, and rough feasibility study on solar heat systems by conventional technique were carried out. The basic data on performance evaluation standards were also prepared. (NEDO)

  7. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the Welfare Techno-system (Shiga); 1999 nendo Welfare Techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Shiga) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development has been performed on a welfare device system that meets the regional needs at the Welfare Techno-house Shiga for the purpose of assisting autonomy in help requiring persons, assisting their social activities, and reducing burdens on helpers. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In developing a walking action supporting appliance of muscular strength utilizing type, the relationship was investigated between motions of knee joints and muscular output when going up the stairs to perform discussions, experiments and measurements on timing for using auxiliary strength required when the knee joints are bent and stretched. In developing an auxiliary device to support spontaneous movements of lower leg handicapped persons, the standing up motion from the sitting position was analyzed, an action supporting device was designed for the method to help the transfer action, and for transfer actions in vertical and forward-backward directions, and fabrication and experiment were executed thereon. In developing a long-term action and physical condition monitoring system, discussions were given on methods to monitor body action amount and activities in daily life of the subjects, by receiving signals from an acceleration sensor fitted to the front of waist of a subject into a portable digital biological signal monitor. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1991 Report on the results of the research and development of photo-reactive materials; 1991 nendo hikari hanno zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    This project is aimed at establishment of the basic technologies for photo-reactive materials capable of, e.g., superhigh-density, superhigh-resolution display using photo-functions to control structures and associated conditions of the molecules. More concretely, the efforts are directed to realization of the technologies for multiplexing, sensitivity-response and material stability, applicable to superhigh-density recording by photochromic and photo-chemical burning (PHB) materials. For the photochromic materials, the long-chain alkyl derivatives of photochromic compounds, e.g., spiropyran and fulgide, are formed into thin films by the LB method, in order to develop organic, superhigh-density recording devices by controlling their associated conditions, and controlling of the photochromism reactions in the films is studied. Those studied for the PHB materials include improvement of heat resistance of the materials, development of quinone-based materials and improvement of their degree of multiplexing, and development of porphyrin-based materials and of technologies for structuring them. The comprehensive survey/research activities include extraction of the problems involved in the themes mainly related to the committee activities, and related technologies. (NEDO)

  9. Report on survey in fiscal 2000 on the survey on corporate research and development strategies. 2; 2000 nendo kigyo kenkyu kaihatsu senryaku chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to discuss the ways of the research and development by the government and the private corporations intended to strengthen the international competitive power, surveys have been performed on the current status of collection and analysis of the basic data related to the research and development and the policies to aid research and development and technological development under the governmental organization initiatives in foreign countries. With regard to the trends in the main indexes of research and development activities in Japan, the following different indexes were selected and analyzed: research expense, nature of researches (basic research, applied research, and developmental research), trends by business types, trends in patents, trends in technology trades, trends in technology introduction, and research and development expense. These items are in addition to the macro index for the research and development activities per GDP. With regard to the research and development strategies in foreign countries, the 'DOE Research and Development Portfolio' summarizing the energy strategy by the U.S. Department of Energy, and the 'Science Research Priorities' published by the British OST were selected and discussed. The discussion was intended to analyze the actual status and the results of research and development by using governmental funds in foreign countries. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1999 report on international joint research project on global environmental technology; 1999 nendo chikyu kankyo gijutsu kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As part of the above-named effort, Japanese researchers were dispatched to overseas universities and laboratories for implementing joint researches into 11 subjects selected by the NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) screening committee. When the feedback of fruits of the researches to NEDO projects is taken into account, it may be said that the accomplishments, attained relative to the development of processes for the practical application of environmentally-friendly biomass energy and measures for promoting its adoption, will contribute to the completion of an environmentally-friendly energy production process, excellent in CO2 emissions reduction, in which biomass will be the raw material. In relation to the technology of installing pipes for CO2 discharge into the ocean, some of the dispatched researchers had an opportunity of studying technological problems not deal with under NEDO research and development projects. In the study of organized structures of low-purity CO2 bubble groups, a great contribution was made to the promotion of the NEDO-implemented project of evaluating the impact of CO2 storage in the ocean upon environments. The development of remedial technologies for Microcystis aeruginosa-invaded lakes by introducing environmental engineering assumes a very important position in the endeavors for environmental improvement in developing nations in the Asia-Pacific region. (NEDO)

  11. Leading research report for fiscal 1999. Survey and research on microparticle control process technology; 1999 nendo micro ryushi seigyo process gijutsu no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the functional upgrading of electronic equipment which will support the computerized society in the 21st century, a substance itself is required to exhibit novel functions or to behave better on a reduced amount. Dependence on the synthesis of new materials alone has its own limit, but a method of reducing the substances conventionally known for their safety into particles of the nanometer scale will be one of the solutions. Micro-science and micro-technology are in progress in Japan and abroad, which mainly deal with particles 10nm-100nm in size. To make better use of the functions of substances, there should be single nanoparticles 1nm-10nm in size. Such particles are easy to coagulate, however, and it is difficult to keep them in their nanometer-scale single state free of coagulation. If Japan succeeds in the development of 1nm-10nm size nanoparticle structurizing technology and manufacturing technology utilizing this technology, Japan will have a clear advantage over other countries in the world in the domain of nanoparticle engineering. The survey and research described in this report aim to review the trends of technologies for nanoparticle composition and functionalization and to clarify the course that Japan is to follow in the development of technologies concerned. (NEDO)

  12. Leading research report for fiscal 1999. Survey and research on 3-dimensional nanotechnogy; 1999 nendo 3D nanotechnology no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The aim is to allow various phenomena characteristic of the nano-scale domain to occur in a wider domain which embraces machines of the ordinary size for the creation of mechanical elements unprecedentedly excellent in function. Surveys were conducted of the elements of basic ultramicroscopic processing technology, such as high-velocity atomic beam processing, chemomechanical processing, micro-transfer processing, and nanoparticle beam processing. Surveys were conducted of optical technologies, such as a large-area holographic device, near-field optical processing, micro-scale optical forming, functional nanofilm, and nano-scale optical matrix formation. Surveys were conducted of the use of ultrasonic waves such as the technology of integrated micro-scale flaw detector, technology of friction drive surface creation, and technologies of ultrasonic bonding, separation, and conveyance. Surveys were conducted of large-area nano-pattern processing, creation of controlled-friction power transmission surface, very high-speed nano-scale structural surface treatment, for their development into high-performance tribological systems. As for structures, the high-performance lubrication surface using a layer of structural molecules and a merger of molecular machines and micro-mechanisms were investigated. Also investigated were their development into biotechnologies (nano-manipulation etc.). (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Research on creation of microspheric photonic material; 2000 nendo bishokyu photonics zairyo no sosei ni kansuru kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Experiments were conducted under microgravity for findings on the creation of microspheric photonic materials which are high in sphericity. The experiments were carried out at the fall type microgravity facility of Japan Microgravity Center (JAMIC). In the experiments on the ground surface and under microgravity, glass specimens of 3BaO-97B{sub 2}O{sub 3} mol%, 4BaO-96B{sub 2}O{sub 3} mol%, and 2SrO-98B{sub 2}O{sub 3} mol% were tested. They were heated, melted, and cooled for the on-site observation of phase splitting in them. It was found as the result that, in the case of specimen 3BaO-97B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, the phase splitting start under microgravity was similar to that on the ground surface while the nucleation velocity was lower under microgravity. Specimen 2SrO-98B{sub 2}O{sub 3} mol% exhibited an approximately 0.5-second delay in its phase splitting start under microgravity as compared with its ground surface behavior. As for the nucleation velocity under microgravity, the value was same as that on the ground surface in the first half but, in the second half, it was lower than that on the ground surface. The said approximately 0.5-second delay in the phase splitting start was, when the cooling rate was taken into consideration, attributed to an approximately 6.5 degrees C fall in the phase splitting start temperature, and this suggested that phase splitting was suppressed under microgravity. (NEDO)

  14. FY 2000 report on the results of the research study of environmental information network; 2000 nendo kankyo joho network ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 2000 results of the research study on environmental information network formation. The Internet is experiencing an explosive increase in volume of information distributed therethrough. This is accompanied by increased problems related to information searches, information exchange security and information-reliability guarantees. First in demand are excellent portal sites, and second are sites that can be relied on to responsibly provide information. Cooperation with the real world off the Net is of particular importance, because the operating organizations, e.g., sites, will lose their raison deter, unless they clarify their unique abilities and characteristics under the tendencies towards broadened bands and ubiquity. The public sector, on the other hand, is highly reliable, accumulates a large volume of information, and has high network capacity. It has various functions, e.g., supporting the activities pertaining to ISO standards, and promoting the activities, e.g., those for educational programs, interdisciplinary exchanges by researchers, and matching of various organizations. The international cooperation for environmental information needs construction and operation of the networks, and construction of the infrastructures in the developing countries. If information becomes more ubiquitous, a chaotic sea of information will result. NEDO is strongly obliged to serve as the beacon, because it has established a huge volume of environment-related technologies, information, and networks. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1992 Summary of research and development on manganese nodule collection system; Mangan dankai saiko system 1992 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-06-01

    This project is aimed at development of high-function, high-reliability, fluid dredging type systems for collecting manganese nodules on deep sea beds, in order to secure stable supply of the non-ferrous metal resources and improve marine development technologies. A total of 7 areas are investigated; (1) total experimental systems, (2) total experimental schedules, (3) mineral-collecting systems, (4) mineral-lifting systems, (5) instrumentation/control systems, (6) handling systems, and (7) gas lift systems. The item (1) includes analysis of tag boat, experimental vessel, lifter, lifting tube behaviors; and item (2) selection of test sea areas. The FY 1992 efforts are concentrated on the comprehensive marine experiments, including detailed designs and fabrication of the devices for the comprehensive marine experiments; coordination for and optimization of experiment implementation schedules and manuals; simulation and analysis of comprehensive marine experiments and mineral-collecting tube strength; surveys and selection of test sea areas; and investigations of and coordination for basic plans and investigations of economic viability of the mineral-collecting system as the production system. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 2000 report on results of R and D of welfare techno-system in Kochi Prefecture; 2000 nendo walfare techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Kochi) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With the purpose of preventing increase in the number of bedridden elderly people, R and D was conducted on equipment for preventing degeneration of walking ability of long bedridden people and a safety device for walking exercise machines, for which the fiscal 2000 results were reported. In the development of the preventive equipment for the degeneration of walking ability, a chain type foot-operated exerciser was experimentally manufactured this year, with test and improvement carried out for the operating characteristics. The test result showed that this exerciser proved to be the equipment as originally intended in the prevention of lumbago, muscle/joint degeneration, etc.. The machine was also found effective for peripheral blood circulation. In the development of the safety device for walking exercise machines, clinical trial tests were conducted on falling and collapsing simulations. The result elucidated that, when a walking exercise machine stopped, a force imparted to the handle by a patient was intensified if the patient had paralysis of one side of the body and that, however, a preventive device installed adjustably to the patient's height was effective against falling. Further, as to collapsing, it was confirmed that, by setting the machine to stop by receiving a load of 20% or more of the body weight, the machine stopped concurrently with the collapsing of the patient. (NEDO)

  17. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the Welfare Techno-system (Chofu); 1999 nendo Welfare Techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Chofu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development has been performed on a variable type living environment system for elderly people and a system to assist medical welfare and life as a whole for elderly people at the Chofu Welfare Techno-house. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the research and development of the variable type living environment system for elderly people, fabrication was performed on the trial basis for a unit to facilitate transfer from a bed to a toilet and taking shower at the toilet seat position. The unit was installed at a hospital in the city of Chiba after discussions and improvements have been made. In the survey and research on welfare devices, for the purpose of serving for selecting welfare devices to be incorporated in variable type welfare houses, surveys were carried out on commercially available welfare devices capable of dealing with daily life actions. Welfare mini-town cases in overseas countries were investigated, taking up the Netherlands, Denmark and the U.S.A. as the object. In the research and development of the system to assist medical welfare and life as a whole for elderly people, design and preparation were carried out on the house terminal information systems and the town management systems. Operation of each information system was verified on a simulated network. (NEDO)

  18. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the Welfare Techno-system (Kochi); 1999 nendo Welfare Techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Kochi) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to prevent increase of bedridden elderly people, research and development has been performed on a device to prevent retrogression of walking strength in long-term bedridden people, and on the safety device for a walking training machine. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In developing the device to prevent retrogression of walking strength, a stepping exercising device was fabricated on a trial basis for two types, a hydraulic type and a timing belt type. Operation experiments were carried out. The hydraulic type device has flexibility when making stepping motions, gives good feeling, and operates smoothly. However, it is difficult to achieve the target values for the weight of 70N and the height of 600 mm. The timing belt type device allows reduction in size and weight, but would not operate smoothly if the brake is applied, requiring improvements in various points. In the research and development of the safety device for a walking training machine, discussions were given on a sensing method for the two typical patterns of a patient falling or tumbling down. As a result, a method was discovered, which has a possibility of identifying to some extent how the falling or tumbling is occurring. The existing walking training machines were modified by adding computers and sensors. (NEDO)

  19. FY 1995 report on the results of the R and D of biodegradable plastics; 1995 nendo seibunkaisei plastic kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Ippan kokaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    For the development of biodegradable plastics, the paper made studies on the following items: 1) development of biodegradable plastics through the cultivation of plastic-like polymer producing micro-organisms; 2) development of biodegradable plastics using polysaccharides; 3) development of biodegradable plastics using molecular design/precise polymerization technology. In 1), P of 4HB fraction 10% was biosynthesized in 5L scale and in one stage by giving to fungus body the {gamma}-butyrolactone which was heated/hydrolyzed. In the study of PHB production by gene recombination of algae, the promoter is improved, and it was confirmed that PHB synthetic genes were surely introduced. PHB could be produced 25% by cultivation of acetic acid. In 2), using alkali protease as enzyme catalyst, sugar ester monomer was synthesized from glucose, sucrose and maltose. In 3), effects were grasped of polymerization conditions of succinic acid/1,4-butane diol/carbonate on the molecular weight and reaction velocity. A test on degradability was conducted by the enzyme method to study the structure of olygomer, in particular. Biodegradation of polyurethane was assessed by soil suspension. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1999 research cooperation project report. Research cooperation on coal liquefaction technology; 1999 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 research cooperation project result on coal liquefaction technology. Cooperative FS was made on coal liquefaction technology of Indonesian coal as petroleum substituting energy. To obtain the basic data necessary for the FS, study was made on the applicability of Indonesian natural minerals as catalytic materials. Promising low-cost abundant Soroako Limonite ore showed a high catalytic activity for liquefaction reaction of Banko coal, and an excellent grindability. Improved BCL process including hydrogenation process was promising for production of high-quality coal liquid superior in storage stability with less nitrogen and sulfur contents. Survey was made on the general conditions of Tanjung Enim area including South Banko coal field concerned, and the geological features and coal seam of South Banko coal field which is composed of 3 seams including coal deposits of 6.35 hundred million tons. To study the marketability of coal liquid, survey was made on the current situation of oil, oil product standards, and blendability of coal liquid. Hydrogen for the liquefaction process can be obtained by coal gasification. (NEDO)

  1. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Ube research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Chiba) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research is conducted into burdens to be imposed on the nurse and the attended person during nursing activities and into measures to lighten such burdens, and basic data are collected about physical strains to be produced when raising a patient on the bed, pushing a wheelchair, and about stool shapes appropriate for the aged. In a study about escape from a disaster, many shortcomings are discovered requiring remedy, such as difference in height and doors failing to open in case of power outage. For communication in case of emergency, it is concluded that the most promising method will be a combination of a mobile computer and handyphone system. A photoelectric pulse wave monitoring system and an acceleration sensor-equipped water bed, on which the patient lies unrestrained for the measurement of heartbeats and respiration waveforms, are developed. A concept wheelchair is under development which will be a 2-motor 4-wheel design, to be equipped with a steering wheel and a vertically movable seat which will facilitate boarding and alighting. Many projects are in store for fiscal 2001, which include the development of a system to ensure sitting position stability and an automatic pressure belt for the prevention of orthostatic hypotension. A multiple function bed is under development for domestic use, which will be provided with a discharge system (automatic toilet) whose mechanism is quite sophisticated. (NEDO)

  2. Reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. Research on solar energy system (meteorological investigation); 1979 nendo taiyo energy system no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Kisho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-31

    The following were implemented with the purpose of collecting, measuring and putting in order the meteorological data required for the R and D on solar energy technology. (1) Observation of direct solar radiation (Nagoya/Sendai), (2) Meteorological observation for the pilot plant site of 1,000kW solar thermal power generation, (3) Studies on estimation of quantity of direct solar radiation, and (4) Studies on characteristics of quantity of direct solar radiation. In (1), the summary and the results were explained on the continuous observation of the quantity of the direct solar radiation conducted in Nagoya and Sendai using a self-recording actinometer. In (2), meteorological observation was conducted for building lots reclaimed from a salt pan at Nio-cho, Mitoyo county, Kagawa prefecture, a scheduled site for the pilot plant. The items were the quantity of global solar radiation, quantity of sky solar radiation, quantity of direct solar radiation, temperature, wet-bulb temperature, wind direction and wind velocity. In (3), A method was developed for estimating the monthly average quantity of the global solar radiation, normal direct solar radiation, horizontal sky solar radiation at an arbitrary spot. In (4), the characteristics of direct/specified direct solar radiation flux curves were elucidated as the basic data for the technological development of solar energy utilization using a sun follower type heat collecting device, with research done on a method for estimating these curves from other meteorological factors. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 2000 report on results of R and D of welfare techno-system in Shiga Prefecture; 2000 nendo walfare techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Shiga) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    R and D was conducted on systems and technology for realizing desirable at-home nursing care in the coming super aging society, with the fiscal 2000 results reported. In the development of a muscle using type walking frame, a device was developed using mechanism of the functional element. As a result, it was found that the device was operable through a normal movement pattern, and that the torque generating by the human body side was uniformly reducible, enabling the load to be alleviated physiologically. In the development of a lower extremity orthosis for self-sustained movement, a rising motion from a seated position was observed, with a transfer motion analyzed, leading to the examination of the supporting method and the design/manufacturing of an orthosis for transfer movement. In the development of a monitor system for a long-term behavior and physical condition, an uninvasive unrestrictive earring type pulse wave sensor system was experimentally manufactured as a monitor for heart activity, particularly, for heartbeat fluctuation. This monitor was integrated with the physical activity monitoring device developed in the previous year, with a simultaneous measuring experiment performed for elderly people in their daily life. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Kobe-Chuo-Ku research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Kobeshi Chuo-ku) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research on the transmission and management of information on those who necessitate nursing care will lead to the development of computer-aided nursing and welfare supporting systems and this in turn will help businesses who provide aged people with service they require for the enhancement of nursing care at home and at facilities for aged people to enjoy independent, unaided living. It is important to prepare liaising methods and coordinate with physicians in case of physical condition suddenly turning worse. Exchange of data at a visited place is important for a visiting nurse, and handling of information on such an occasion has to be easy and rapid to ensure high efficiency. When transmitting or receiving data on patients via PHS (personal handyphone system) or handyphone system, transmission of large-capacity data such as pictures should be avoided. In case a picture has to be transmitted, it should be compressed. ISDN (integrated services digital network) is preferred in all cases. The IEEE1394 interface is deemed to be the best for automatically transmitting as digital data the pictures etc. collected from other measuring instruments on nursing welfare and nursing assisting systems. It is necessary, however, to watch the development of digital interfaces in the future. (NEDO)

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Takaoka research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Takaoka) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In an effort at developing nursing equipment, a cursor-controlled system for on-the-screen operation is experimentally constructed, which facilitates the use of indoor electronic devices and help aged persons engaged in in-house work. Vocal communicators are investigated for feasibility. In relation to equipment for mobility training, a dynamic equilibrium function evaluating system is experimentally built, and a system for electric stimulation-aided mobility rehabilitation is studied. Sensors are imbedded into the stool, and an excellent result is obtained in the measurement of the user's weight and the discharged amount. Studies are conducted about algorithm for calculating changes in heartbeats while bathing and about recording electrocardiograms while in bed. For welfare equipment to be effectively utilized at home, it has to be easy to use on the one hand and, on the other hand, house configuration and facilities have to be appropriate for welfare equipment application. It is important to improve the mechanism of providing advice on house modification and to expand financial assistance. A measuring method is developed using the state of the art in sensor technologies for the construction of a system for checking old people's activities of daily living, and their activities are evaluated. The system supplies a sufficient amount of data to grasp their behavior, which shows that it is a serviceable system. (NEDO)

  6. Leading research report for fiscal 1998. Life landscape performance evaluation technology (Landscape Frontier); 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Seikatsu keikan seino hyoka gijutsu (land scape frontier)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the formulation of guidelines for the construction of an appropriate landscape in the 21st century for the creation of 'landscape industry' in a sustainable society, researches were conducted for the development of landscape materials to constitute living circumstances equipped with 'life landscape' and of technologies for evaluating them. In the landscape designing system subcommittee, the current states and problems of landscape designing systems were analyzed and problems to solve were clarified, these problems involving systems and institutions, people and collaboration, formation of a consensus, systems for production and distribution, etc. In the landscape materials subcommittee, a 'landscape cell' concept in which a life space is the unit was employed in discussing the needs for landscape materials to meet and in extracting the seeds the industry was able to offer for improvement on landscape. In the landscape evaluation subcommittee, the history and today of landscape were reviewed to define what was to be respected in the development of evaluation techniques, and guidelines were extracted towards landscape materials development and landscape industry promotion. In addition, a Landscape Frontier symposium was held. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1981 Sunshine Project research report. Research on underground reinjection mechanism of hot water; 1981 nendo nessui no chika kangen mechanism no chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1981 research result on the behavior and flow mechanism of underground reinjected hot water, and the effect of reinjected hot water on the ground. In the tracer survey in Takinoue area, Iwate prefecture, the re-upwelling rate and mixing rate of reinjected hot water were lower than those in previous surveys, showing the smaller effect of hot water on productivity. In Nigori-Gawa area, Hokkaido, natural conditions prior to industrial production and reinjection were observed by tracer survey. In the simulation research, it was confirmed that the hydraulic structural model and analysis technique established by previous researches are effective for new production and reinjection systems different from previous ones enough. On observation of minute earthquakes, study was made on the effect of reinjected hot water on the ground in Takinoue area. In Nigori-Gawa area, the data were collected under natural conditions prior to industrial production and reinjection through minute earthquake observations. (NEDO)

  8. Leading survey and research report for fiscal 1999. New technology based on functions involved in intracellular protein transport; 1999 nendo saibonai tanpakushitsu yuso kino riyo gijutsu kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    An intercellular transport technology (artificial manipulation of an intracellular protein transport system in eucaryotes) is studied for the accumulation of cytotoxic proteins, whose expression has so far been difficult, and activated proteins, which have avoided decomposition, in appropriate intracellular minute organs. The aim is to construct a system to allow foreign proteins high in productivity and quality to express themselves for production in eucaryotes. Basic surveys were conducted of the intracellular biological functions of single-membrane organelles (endoplasmic reticulum, peroxisome, vacuole/lysosome, and Golgi body), the molecular mechanism of protein transport to each organelle, and protein activation and quality control, and element technologies were extracted. For the development of novel pharmaceuticals making use of the intracellular protein transport technology, an activated protein production system was built and a search was made for transport activity impeding substances. Research tasks relative to the development of the new technologies were isolated, such as the visualization of intercellular transport. A survey was made of the market for pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, enzymes, and visualizing equipment (fluorescence microscope provided with new functions), etc. (NEDO)

  9. Achievement report on commissioned research of R and D in fiscal 2000 on micromachine technologies. Development of microfactory technology; 2000 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Maikuro fakutori gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-04-01

    In order to achieve energy saving by miniaturizing the manufacturing process of small industrial products, R and D has been carried out on a micromachine system that puts together and assemble such devices as for processing, assembling, transportation and inspection used in the manufacturing process. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In the research of a prototype micro-processing and assembling system, the secondary prototype system was fabricated, and verification was performed on its operation in processing and assembling works of a very small gear train. In the research of a micro liquid manipulating technology, high function liquid delivering device and holding device were developed, whereas the achievement of the targeted specifications was identified. In the research of a micro assembling technology, processing accuracy was improved on micro encoder disks. Furthermore, two second prototype micro arms were assembled into a microfactory to have performed verification on continuous operation to assemble trains of gears with a diameter of 10 mm. Other researches included the micro beam driving technology, micro electric power driving technology, micro transporting technology, and micro inspection technology. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1998 achievement report. Research and development of advanced clean energy vehicles; 1998 nendo kokoritsu clean energy jidosha no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The efforts aim to develop advanced clean energy vehicles (ACEVs) which drive on substitutes of oil low in pollution, consuming 1/2 or less energy and emitting 1/2 or less CO2 than the existing vehicles. Studies conducted in fiscal 1998 covered high-efficiency hybrid power systems and ACEVs. Efforts to develop ACEVs involved a reformed methanol fuel cell hybrid passenger car of Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. (improvement on element technologies, study of methanol concentration); CNG (compressed natural gas) engine hybrid passenger car of Honda Research and Development Co., Ltd. (improvement on flywheels, studies of ANG (adsorbent natural gas) adsorbent and ANG tank); CNG ceramics engine hybrid cargo truck of Isuzu Ceramics Research Institute Co., Ltd. (fabrication of ceramics single-cylinder engine, design and fabrication of vehicle control system, fabrication of prototype); CNG lean burn engine hybrid cargo truck of Mitsubishi Motors Co., Ltd. (studies, designing, and fabrication of engine element parts); LNG engine hybrid bus of Nissan Diesel Motor Co., Ltd. (development of engine and power storage); and DME (dimethylether) engine hybrid bus of Hino Motors, Ltd. (development of DME fuel injection system and high-efficiency power storage). (NEDO)

  11. Report on surveys in fiscal 2000 on the surveys and researches in relation to nano-technology; 2000 nendo nano technology ni kakawaru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to view over the situation surrounding the nano-technology as a whole, surveys and discussions were given by means of questionnaire and open discussion meetings. In the questionnaire, the answer that the products utilizing nano-scale structure have already been, or scheduled to be put on sale has exceeded half of the total answers. Experts view that the nano-technology is infiltrating steadily into the actual society. In view of the applicable fields, and in the opening discussion meetings, drastic innovation was expected in the industrial technologies in the future not too far away as a dream world, by using the 'nano-technology' that utilizes a principle completely different from the principles that have been practically used. In order to achieve that goal, a recognition was made clear that the braeakthrough in other fields is important, and the field crossing fusion such as coordination with academia, and exchanges between different businesses and different fields is important. In the comparison of competitive edges of Japan, America and Europe, Japan was recognized to possess sufficient competitive power, but the sense of crisis is felt toward the latent technological power of America of the future. (NEDO)

  12. FY1995 fundamental study of imaging simulator for diagnostics and therapeutics using light; 1995 nendo hikari wo riyosuru shindan chiryoyo gazo simulator no kiso kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Medical application of lasers is rapidly expanding in accordance with the development of laser technology. However, it is difficult to predict how light propagates and is absorbed by living bodies because of strong scattering of light by biological tissues. Therefore, the determination of light dose has been based on experience. This fundamental study aims to develop a imaging simulator which can predict propagation of light and its effectiveness in medical diagnostics and therapeutics. Teoretical models of light propagation in biological tissues have been constructed, and experiments have been conducted to validate the theoretical calculation. In the theoretical calculation, a three-dimensional model which simulates a human head with five layers of different tissue types. Numerical calculation has been done by using the finite element method to simulate the propagation of ultrashort pulse light, and it is shown by a computer graphics technique for the first time in the world. In the experiment, a solid phantom which anatomically and optically simulates a human head based on MRI images has been fabricated by using the optical prototyping technology for the first time in the world again. Also, we have compared the experimental results of the transmitted light through the solid phantoms with the theoretical results and have succeeded in reconstructing the tomographic images of optical properties. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1998 annual report on the research and development of superhigh-sensitivity photocurrent conversion devices; 1998 nendo chokokando koden henkan soshi ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Described herein are research and development of superhigh-sensitivity photocurrent conversion devices. The huge photocurrent multiplication effect exhibited by a thin film of organic pigment semiconductor is expected to be applicable to various new devices, e.g., superhigh-sensitivity, intelligent optical sensor families and photocurrent devices. Photocurrent multiplier thin films of perylene is prepared by an ionized cluster beam method, to evaluate their structures and photocurrent characteristics as the basic knowledge for controlling their characteristics by the ion engineering procedures. Photocurrent multiplier thin films of new, two-layer structure are developed, and improvement and stabilization of their characteristics are studied. Increasing sensing sensitivity by, e.g., introduction of p-n junction and reducing dark current resulting from the light memory effect are found to be effective to improve the S/N ratio. An organic EL light-emitting layer capable of positive/negative feedback, as one of the elementary techniques for realizing intelligent devices, is made on a trial basis and evaluated for its characteristics, and studied for its application to photocurrent multiplier thin films. Functional devices in which the arithmetic and controlling functions of the thin films are utilized are also studied. (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1990 on research and development of highly crystalline polymeric materials; 1990 nendo kokesshosei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    Activities were performed to seek polymeric materials having mechanical strength comparable to metallic materials as a result of giving contrivance on the composition and processing method, and bending strength of 100 GPa or more. The activities were taken in the following five fields: (1) a one-dimensional system material, (2) special melting and forming of a multi-dimensional system, (3) compound forming of multi-dimensional molecules, (4) hybrid cross-linking of cross-linking systems, and (5) high-density cross linking of cross-linking systems. In Item (1), researches were made on optimization of the structures, and elongation and fluid processing of thermotropic liquid crystal polyacrylate, wherein the objective was achieved. In Item (2), the objective was achieved on poly (imide-benzobisthiazole) by monoaxial drawing and lamination thereof. Discussions were given on the liquid crystal polymer as to its correlation between the structure and the magnetic field orientation. In Item (3) discussions were given on the composition and processing method for molecule compounded materials reinforced by aromatic polyamide matrix-polyphenylenebenzothiazole. In Item (4), ionomers were discussed. In Item (5), discussions were given on multi-functional diacetylene system and diacetylene group containing polyimide. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (solar heat power generation); 1976 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyonetsu hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    Research was made on solar heat power generation following last fiscal year, as a part of solar energy utilization technologies. In this fiscal year, in particular, research was made on the following: selection of suitable sites for solar heat power plants in Japan, estimation of expected power supply, positioning of a solar heat power system among future power systems, operation policy of solar heat power systems, survey on suitable sites for the 1,000kW pilot power plant, operation characteristics of the small test plant, design of the 1,000kW pilot power plant, test methods and facilities for every element equipment of solar heat power systems, an environmental test method for mostly solar collectors, and the profitability of solar heat power systems. Optimum operation temperature levels were nearly 350 degrees C for distributed systems and nearly 400 degrees C for centralized ones. The distributed system is profitable in a unit capacity range less than 5-10MWe, while the centralized system is profitable in a range over 10MWe. Under some assumptions, the power cost of solar heat power systems was estimated to be 20-30yen/kWH. (NEDO)

  16. Report on 1985 research result on the R and D of environmental resistance reinforcing element; 1985 nendo taikankyo kyoka soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This research was intended to establish technology for the substrate of an environmental resistance reinforcing element in which environmental resistance was enhanced against radiation, heat, mechanical shock, etc., for the purpose of realizing various kinds of equipment and devices for performing advanced information processing under severe environmental conditions of outer space, nuclear reactors, travelling objects such as automobiles and aircrafts, and plants. In the R and D of the technology of a MOS type silicon integrated circuit element, a low temperature generalizing process technology was developed, with selection made for SOS and bulk silicon. In addition, strength of a wiring connecting part was examined, as was the heat dissipation of the package. In the R and D of the technology of a bipolar type silicon integrated circuit element, examined were the element design/integration-technology/materials, evaluation and optimization of the processing technology, reproducibility of the factor processing technology, environmentally resistant plastic packages, etc. In the R and D of the technology of a compound semiconductor integrated circuit element, analysis of a gate electrode structure and deteriorating mechanism was made, as was the influence of the element structure parameter on environmental resistance, with an improved trial manufacturing and an environmental test performed for the actually mounted bodies. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1998 R and D report on environment-friendly hydrogen production technology; Kankyo chowagata suiso seizo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1998 nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For efficient oil-free environment-friendly production of hydrogen necessary for oil refining process and effective use of CO{sub 2}, this project develops the efficient hydrogen production techniques by using a capacity of microorganisms. On the R and D on improvement of screening and breeding for photosynthetic microorganisms, introduction of different hydrogenases, acquisition of hydrogen uptake negative strains, control of photosynthetic pigment expression, breeding of PHB synthesis negative strains were carried out continuously, and some problems were arranged confirming the contribution to increasing a hydrogen production capacity. On the R and D on large-scale cultivation techniques, engineering data were collected by using a module continuously. Based on the engineering data collected by the module test, the feasibility study was made on a possibility as industrial technology from the viewpoint of a profitability and environmental harmony. Screening of bacterial strains suitable for 4 kinds of wastewater and capable of producing hydrogen under extreme conditions, and basic studies on photoreactor and cultivation technique were conducted by outside research organizations. (NEDO)

  18. FY 1993 annual report. Survey and study on establishment of databases for body functions; 1993 nendo shintai kino database no kochiku ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    As part of the health/welfare-related information collection, analysis and information service project, establishment of the databases is surveyed and studied for human life technology and body functions of the aged in the aging society. The survey/study on establishment of the human life technology for the aged covers concept of human life technology, systems of the databases for human life technology, and techniques for the database systems. The case study on the human life technology databases for the aged takes up everyday life behaviors of the aged as the models, and analyzes human and life characteristics in everyday life, to clarify the human characteristic, human performance and human life technology design data to be stored in the databases. The validity of the method developed by this project is tested for their behaviors, such as bathing and outgoing. For establishment of the databases for body functions of the aged, literature surveys and interviews are conducted for the technological trends. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report for fiscal 1990 on research and development of electrically conductive polymeric materials; 1990 nendo dodensei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    It is intended to realize new electrically conductive materials characterized by light weight, corrosion resistance and easy-to-process performance, and electrical and electronic materials having functions different from those of metallic conduction mechanism. Therefore, activities were performed to seek technologies for polymeric materials having conductivity greater than 10{sup 5} S/cm and being stable and easy to process. Activities were taken in the following six fields: (1) new hydrocarbon conjugate polymers, (2) excipient conjugate conductive materials, (3) technologies to form thin films of graphite synthesized at low temperatures, (4) conductive polymers of hetero aromatic system, (5) research and development of conductive materials of the hetero containing system and the {pi} conjugate system, and (6) comprehensive investigative research. In (1), thin films of polyacetylene and polyacene systems were formed, in (2), excipient hydrocarbon conjugate polymers and excipient graphite materials were developed, in (3), a high-accuracy process controlled graphite thin film forming technology was developed, in (4), the conductivity was enhanced by using high-order structural control and molecular design, and stability of the conductive polymers of complex annular conjugate system was enhanced, and in (5), conductive polymers of the hetero containing system and the {pi} conjugate system, and flexible graphite fibers were developed. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the research achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1992. Studies on a direct gasification catalyst; 1992 nendo chokusetsu ekika shokubai ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-10-01

    This paper describes the research achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1992 in studies on a direct gasification catalyst. The paper summarizes the points where the catalyst research has reached to date. The catalyst surface effective for hydrogenation is the metal surface that can dissociate hydrogen. However, metals having large adsorption heat against hydrogen do not show the activity greatly because these metals are difficult of desorbing hydrogen having high dissociating activity. The coal liquefaction system has the surface oxidized by water content, wherein hydrogen dissociation cannot be expected, and sulfides are suitable. When a sulfide catalyst contacts hydrogen, the catalyst itself is desulfurized, producing H{sub 2}S and becomes a low-order sulfide. When atmospheric H{sub 2}S contacts this sulfide, it dissociates into HS and H, and this H behaves as active hydrogen. However, the liquefaction activity can be recognized even in a sulfuric acid type catalyst containing no sulfide whatsoever, wherein the H{sub 2}S partial pressure in the reaction system becomes extremely low. This fact means that the active hydrogen is not necessarily generated by the dissociation of H{sub 2}S. There is no other way but to think that hydrogen is dissociated directly without going through H{sub 2}S. If this is true, it provides a new guideline in developing and designing the future catalysts. (NEDO)

  1. FY1995 development of highly qualified less invasive surgery system; 1995 nendo higly qualified LIS (teishinshu geka shujutsu) system no sogoteki kaihatsu kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The risk of complications related to high pressure pneumo-peritoneum as well as the restrictions applied to the maneuvering limit further development of laparoscope surgery in various fields. To eliminate such restrictions, we developed the original method of gasless laparoscopic surgery, namely the abdominal wall lifting with double subcutaneous wiring and adjustable plate lifting. These include (1) the ceiling and the lateral wall is much higher and wider than the pneumoperitoneal method (2) less post-operative pain due to non-injury of nerves and muscle layers, and (3) the shape of lifting area and the lifting direction can be adjusted for different cases, and (4) ability to perform extremely difficult cases of severe intraabdominal adhesions. The ultimate goal of this research project is the achievement of truly safe and secure operative method of minimally invasive surgery. Some of the new laparoscopic instruments we invented include the 'Ojigi' rotatable spatula, several motor forceps and sensory forceps. In gasless laparoscopic surgery, the effective intraabdominal space creation is done by the abdominal wall lifting with double subcutaneous wiring and adjustable plate lifting. In addition, the newly developed rotatable operating table is extremely effective in maximizing the intraabdominal space. To improve the visual quality of laparoscope surgery, we developed several advanced cameras which take advantages of high definition TV and three dimensional display. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (total system); 1974 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Total system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-03-01

    The current most important solar energy utilization fields are solar energy power generation (solar heat and photovoltaic power generation), and solar heat cooling and heating. A solar heat power system collects or stores solar thermal energy as energy source of power systems, and converts it to electric power through heat exchange systems. To establish such system, not only R and D on a collector, absorption capsule, storage unit and heat transfer unit, but also complete study on an optimum system configuration and environmental impact are necessary. A photovoltaic power system converts solar energy to electric power directly by photoelectric conversion device such solar cell. Except specific local uses, drastic cost reduction and improvement of a conversion efficiency (at present 12-15%) and life (several years) are necessary for solar cells. Although a lot of solar heat cooling and heating systems is in practical use in Japan, for its further diffusion an important research task is development of heat collector excellent in efficiency, cost, life and maintainability. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1998 research achievement report. Research and development for acceleration of biological resource information infrastructure construction; 1998 nendo seibutsu shigen joho kiban seibi kasokuka kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To fulfill the above-mentioned purpose, research and development of technologies were carried out involving genetic information measurement, genetic information analysis and utilization, analysis and utilization of information on proteins, and the measurement of biomolecular interaction. In a chapter 'Research and development of genetic information analysis using next-generation genome chip,' gene amplification is effected using RNA-DNA molecules and a method for efficiently building UPD (unilateral protruding DNA) was developed. In a chapter 'Development of international standard DNA chip and analyzing system for analysis of massive gene expression,' a relational database program for activating a system for gene preservation, purification, multiple injection, and management was completed. In a chapter '3D-1D modelling of all the proteins coded on genomes,' this fiscal year, analyses were conducted using Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis as model microbes. In a chapter 'Analysis of gene expression clustering,' a software program was developed for measuring and analyzing the budding yeast gene expression profile. (NEDO)

  4. Manganese nodule mining system. Summary of research and development in fiscal 1987; Mangan dankai saiko system 1987 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-06-01

    With an objective to ensure stable supply of non-ferrous metal resources, and enhance the ocean development technologies, research and development has been performed on a technology to mine the manganese nodules existing in deep ocean bottoms by using the fluid dredge system. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1987. In the comprehensive ocean experiment plan, simulations were performed on the ore lifting pipe towing resistance, and behavior of the ore collecting machine grounding system in association with changes of depths in the experiment sea area. In the research and development of the ore collecting system, some of the components of the devices related to the nodule take-in device and the driving device were fabricated and/or purchased. In the research and development of the ore lifting system, the module No. 1 of the pump lift device was given a combination test, and the submerged motor sensor was given a completion test. In addition, detailed design was made on the air lift device, and fabrication was carried out on the air compressor. In the research and development of the handling system, detailed designs were performed on the handling system including the ore collecting machine, pump modules, and ore lifting pipes. Discussions were given on the data processing system for measurement and control system. (NEDO)

  5. Manganese nodule mining system. Summary of research and development in fiscal 1982; Mangan dankai saiko system 1982 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-08-01

    With an objective to ensure stable supply of non-ferrous metal resources, and enhance the ocean development technologies, research and development has been performed on an ore mining system to mine the manganese nodules existing in deep ocean bottoms by using the fluid dredge system. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1982. In the research and development of the total system, discussions on the rational experimental system configuration, the conceptual design on the ore mining experiment vessel, analysis of the experimental system performance, and preparation of the basic plan were inaugurated. In the research of the ore collecting system, selection and experiments were performed on the ore collecting unit and ore selecting unit. In the research of the ore lifting system, selection tests were executed on the submerged pump shaft sealing and bearing in the pump lift device. A selection experiment was carried out on the air-solid-liquid separating device in the air lift device. For the ore lifting pipe device, the welding experiment and jointing experiment were executed. In the research of the handling system, a selection experiment was given on the vibration compensating device in the pipe string suspending and supporting device. In the research of the instrument control system, submerged cables and connectors were given the selection tests. (NEDO)

  6. Report on an international joint research project for global environment technology in fiscal 1998; 1998 nendo chikyu kankyo gijutsu kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to serve for measures against global problems taken by Japan, joint research was carried out with overseas research organizations. The research project selected ten themes considering urgency, internationality and economic proliferation effect in areas to serve for solution of global environment problems. These themes include removal or emission control of greenhouse effect gases, measures against atmospheric environment problems such as acid rains and ozone layer destruction, prevention of ocean contamination, development and effective utilization of energies and resources. When the feedback of these themes to the NEDO projects is considered, the research achievements in relation with development of the acid rain monitoring system in particular support indirectly development of carbon dioxide fixation technologies. The research achievements in developing an environmentally friendly biomass energy manufacturing process and environmental effect evaluation thereon contribute as an effective process to carbon dioxide reduction using biomass as raw materials. The achievements in research of nonlinear interfacial properties and mixed phase turbulence of low-purity carbon dioxide bubbles contribute to a project related to storage of carbon dioxide in oceans. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1999 report on the survey of the international joint research project on medical welfare equipment; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of internationally cooperating in the R and D of medical welfare equipment, visits were paid to Australia and the U.S. to survey the related administration/research institutes/medical welfare facilities. Australia is a world leader of heart (transplant) operation, organ transplant, artificial middle ear, apneic relaxation equipment, ophthalmological equipment, bio-materials, etc. The country wants to positively promote the international cooperation with Japan because both countries are complementary to each other. Starting about 1999, the U.S. entered the age of competition of the R and D with the use of genome, and the post-genome age is already beginning there. A number of ventures are running for creation of new industry. As to the U.S. government's measures taken for subsidy, regulation, etc. toward new industry, the information could be obtained from the persons concerned. The impression of a tour of welfare facilities in the U.S. was that hardware/software are systematically prepared there, and the aged live bright and positive lives and enjoy lives. (NEDO)

  8. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the Welfare Techno-system (Shizuoka); 1999 nendo Welfare Techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Shizuoka) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development has been performed at the Shizuoka Welfare Techno-house to assist entry into the welfare industry field of the local industries in the prefecture, such as for wood products, furniture and music instruments, and to provide products which take into consideration the society with more elderly people and less children. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In developing barrier-free kitchens capable of handling change in bodily functions, a prototype kitchen was used to evaluate work load variation as a result of existence of a foot space under the kitchen table. In addition, a human simulation software was used to evaluate compatibility of humans with products. By utilizing these technical data, a system was arranged by which barrier-free kitchens can be commercialized by changing the specifications according to individual requirements. In developing a bed unit to prevent bedsore by using the multi-point pressure and fluctuation mechanism, the unit weight was reduced, and addition was made to such functions as controlling finger-pressing cycle and positions by electronic control. Development was made on a music instrument for rehabilitation by which anyone can play music by repetitively giving stimulation to human eyes and ears. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1997 report on a feasibility study of international joint researches in the Asian region; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Asia chiiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu kanosei chosa (4)hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    It is thought that the energy consumption in Asian countries with ASEAN and China as center will a marked growth also in future together with a rapid economic growth, but harmony with environmental problems and economic growth is being taken as a serious problem. This is an important issue also to Japan from viewpoints of secure energy supply and regional response to the environmental issue. Accordingly, strongly desired is positive response to global environmental issues and promotion in development/spread of new energy/energy conservation in these countries. For the spread of the technologies, actual construction/operation of plants by joint researches with Japan are effective from aspects of personnel raising, technical improvement, PR effects, etc. This is also helpful for Japan in terms of technological development because Japan can also get the unobtainable data from the operation under appropriate conditions. This is a report on the studies of the trends of global environmental problems in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, India and China. 3 figs., 72 tabs.

  10. Fiscal 1997 report on the development of new hydrogen atomic energy demonstrative technology; 1997 nendo kenkyu hokokusho (shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    In this validation study, phenomena of excess heat which are said to be generated by electrolysis of deuterium using palladium metal, etc. as electrode are taken as `new hydrogen atomic energy,` and to clarify a possibility of using them as a future energy source, the abnormal heating phenomenon was validated and the mechanism was elucidated. The study targeted quantitative control of heat emissions. The study was finished in 1997, the fifth year from the start. The excess heat measurement could partially be reproduced; however, when conducting a confirmation experiment on the excess heat by another more reliable method under the same condition, it was found that the value of excess heat was not an absolute value exceeding measuring sensitivity and errors of the system. If the excess heat of 0.1W order is to be emitted in nuclear reaction, any reactive product should be detected in a substantial quantity. However, the product of a large quantity was not found. A possibility was found out of an increase in nuclear reaction ratio inside solid by low energy deuterium irradiation. From the above, it was concluded that the use of new hydrogen atomic energy was negative. 20 refs., 149 figs., 29 tabs.

  11. Leading survey and research report for fiscal 1999. Survey and research on 3-dimensional ion beam processing technology; 1999 nendo sanjigen ion kokan gijutsu no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Application of ion beam processing to 2-dimensional shapes in the past has been limited to flat shapes or small areas. There is a 3-dimensional plasma-based ion implantation (PBII) technology for which high-density plasma is generated using plural metal ion sources and gas ion sources for the application of pulse voltages. Using this technology, ions are implanted into intricate shapes, large areas, and surfaces of 3-dimensional shapes, and surface reforming is accomplished through thin film formation. It is low in cost and high in productivity, and finds a great demand for use in the fabrication of members of large and complicated engines for automobiles, spacecraft, and aircraft, members of precision machines, and members of electric power facilities and chemical plants where high resistance to abrasion, corrosion, and heat are mandatory. Research and development for its practical application, however, has just started and, before its commercialization, technologies have to be completed involving surface treatment using gas plasma for ion implantation, thin film formation using metal ion plasma, and their hybrid. Similarly important is the technology of generating homogenous plasma. This new technology is expected to enhance economic efficiency, provide means to deal with environmental matters, and improve on energy efficiency. An outline of the proposition for the project is compiled in this report. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1999 report on investigation on establishment of body function database; 1999 nendo shintai kino database no kochiku ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The investigation is made to provide the data which widely cover various characteristics of aged persons for the general designers who design equipment and environments for aged persons. It is found, by the tests for measuring sight and hearing sensations of the aged, that they generally need higher sound to hear; frequency of alarming sound is preferably lowered from 3,000 to 4,000Hz now used for the equipment to 1,000 to 2,000Hz, and the level at which sound can be heard is significantly different from that at which the announcement can be understood. For evacuation order or the like, for example, it is necessary to announce the disaster site and evacuation routes, which the aged hear for the first time, especially slowly and distinctively. The database of body functions of the aged are improved by correcting the problems associated with depth of strata and poor prospects, frequently pointed out by those who look up the data from the daily actions, in such a way that the system can be easily looked at from notices for each function position of the product and also from the related human characteristics. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 2000 research report on the study on management program for comprehensive assessment of chemical materials; 2000 nendo kagaku busshitsu sogo hyoka kanri program ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the realization of environmentally friendly, sound economic activities and the assurance of a safe and peaceful daily life for people, studies were conducted about comprehensive risk assessment and management techniques to use in dealing with chemical substances. Concerning the above-named management program, a workshop was called, where panel discussion and exchange of views and opinions were held. In the study of overseas technological trends, visits were paid to interested institutes and corporations in Denmark, Sweden, and Germany, where hearings were held over the management and manufacture of chemical substances. Concerning the control of chemical substances, surveys were conducted of the control in Japan and abroad and of the methods that businesses and other organizations followed in meeting the control. It was found that the control was being dealt with earnestly in every country and that chemical substances would stay managed under international collaborative conditions. Efforts were being positively exerted by businesses and other organizations to properly manage and reduce chemical substances and to develop and use substitutes. It was found that measures for handling chemical substances were closely knit into business management. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1996 report on the committee for international collaborative research of medical and welfare apparatus; 1996 nendo chosa hokokusho (iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    From a viewpoint that cancer, cerebral hemorrhage, heart disease, etc. caused by the progress in aging are problems not only to Japan but to all developed countries, a possibility of Japan`s joint study with other countries was examined to promote efficiently and effectively research/development of the apparatus required. Moreover, from a viewpoint of being the same Asian countries, a possibility of the joint study was examined also with developing countries which are largely different in disease structure and environment of the use of apparatus from developed countries. In the examination on medical/welfare apparatus technology of China, before the site examination, a book of data was arranged on the actual state of population and disease structure and the R and D situation of medical/welfare apparatus in Japan, and at the same time, celebrated persons in China were introduced by the scientific society side as widely as possible. By this preliminary study, the original objective of the examination could be achieved. In the examination with the U.S. and Europe, Japan held meetings with engineers of the U.K., France and the U.S. Japan`s `load control type walking supporting apparatus,` of which the development was finished, was very highly evaluated by each organ of the countries

  15. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999. Surveys on practical application of the research achievements; 1999 nendo kenkyu seika no jitsuyoka ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A number of technological hurdles exist in the process of practically applying the fundamental researches, wherein risks for private business entities to promote the technological development are not at all small. The present surveys are intended to elucidate the actual status as to how a practical application process for technologies is positioned in the series of research and technological development activity floats by private corporations, and what kinds of problems are present, to serve for discussing the way the future supportive environment improvement should be. The 'practical application processes' in private corporations were put into order and analyzed, using as the base the existing study results relative to technological innovation mechanisms. Investigations ere performed on the existing Japanese research and technological development supporting institutions for the practical application processes employed by the private corporations. The result was used for reference of discussing the problems therein. Furthermore, it is indicated that, in the R and D strategies in the U.S.A., profitability is placed as the largest target by means of strengthening the linkage between research and commercialization. This has resulted in decline in the fundamental researches, for which discussions are developed currently. This paper reports investigations on the actual status of business enterprises in the practical application processes. (NEDO)

  16. FY1995 study of low power LSI design automation software with parallel processing; 1995 nendo heiretsu shori wo katsuyoshita shodenryoku LSI muke sekkei jidoka software no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The needs for low power LSIs have rapidly increased recently. For the low power LSI development, not only new circuit technologies but also new design automation tools supporting the new technologies are indispensable. The purpose of this project is to develop a new design automation software, which is able to design new digital LSIs with much lower power than that of conventional CMOS LSIs. A new design automation software for very low power LSIs has been developed targeting the pass-transistor logic SPL, a dedicated low power circuit technology. The software includes a logic synthesis function for pass-transistor-based macrocells and a macrocell placement function. Several new algorithms have been developed for the software, e.g. BDD construction. Some of them are designed and implemented for parallel processing in order to reduce the processing time. The logic synthesis function was tested on a set of benchmarks and finally applied to a low power CPU design. The designed 8-bit CPU was fully compatible with Zilog Z-80. The power dissipation of the CPU was compared with that of commercial CMOS Z-80. At most 82% of power of CMOS was reduced by the new CPU. On the other hand, parallel processing speed up was measured on the macrocell placement function. 34 folds speed up was realized. (NEDO)

  17. Achievement report for fiscal 1988 on fundamental technologies for next generation industries. Research and development on composite materials; 1988 nendo fukugo zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    With an objective to realize structural materials with light weight, high strength and high rigidity, research has been performed on composite materials. This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 1988. In the development on resin-based composite materials, the results of the evaluation tests on forming plates for epoxy-based resins were analyzed and summarized. On the polyimide-based resins, attempts were made on enhancement of formability of the terminal type and main chain type high heat resistant resins. Evaluations were executed on the resin characteristics by using the impact test, and heat deformation and heat reaction analyzing tests. Furthermore, experimental discussions were given on the heat transfer forming process, prefabrication forming process, microwave forming process, and hybrid forming process. In developing the metallic composite materials, the characteristics evaluation tests and manufacturing technologies were summarized on intermediate materials of the carbon fiber system and silicon carbide system. In addition, researches were performed on trial fabrication and formation of wire preforms. In the forming processes, discussions were given on the press forming process, roll forming process, HIP forming process, and thin wall thickness forming process. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1997 report on the investigational research on intelligent social infrastructure technology; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (chiteki shakai kiban kogaku gijutsu no chosa kenkyu hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper first described an aim and outline of intelligent social infrastructure technology, summed up the system of social infrastructure and the situation in Japan in terms of the structure, lifeline, moving bodies such as railroad and automobiles, communication, security, and maintenance. Considering this present situation, the paper next described a concept of the intelligent social infrastructure technology to be newly constructed and a course of the development. Besides, as subjects required to study for the development of intelligent social infrastructure technology, it reported on risk management, methods of definition/collection/transfer/supply of information, infrastructure applicable at emergency, normal/emergency dual course system, privacy, robustness, and additionally the problems to be caused pertaining to architecture/civil engineering, traffic, security, communication, etc. when the infrastructure develops as a social system. Moreover, as element technology, the intelligent system related technology and data communication technology were described in detail. Examples of the research project were also reported. 101 refs., 70 figs., 42 tabs.

  19. Fiscal 1995 research investigation on chemical process technology using supercritical fluid; 1995 nendo chorinkai ryutai wo riyoshita kagaku process gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    With relation to the supercritical fluid utilization technology, conducted in fiscal 1995 were collection of basic data, extraction of R and D subjects and survey/analysis of application fields based on the literature survey and overseas field survey. From the research results, the following were selected as research subjects: as to the clean/recycling process technology, non-selection cascade treatment process of mixed waste plastics, hazardous waste treatment process, and radioactive waste treatment process. As to the unused resource utilization process technology, the supercritical submerged combustion power generation process, heavy hydrocarbon resource reutilization process, biomass synthetic utilization process, and carbon dioxide reutilization process. As to the next generation reaction process technology, the simple reaction process, de-organic solvent process, chemical materialization process for methane, and reaction separation combined process. As the innovative material process technology, the plastic forming process, high-functional materials, high-efficiency energy conversion materials, and heightening of function of solid wastes. 537 refs., 116 figs., 54 tabs.

  20. Summary of the research achievements in fiscal 1990 in developing coal liquefying technologies; Sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu 1990 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    This paper describes the summary of the research achievements in fiscal 1990 in developing coal liquefying technologies. The bituminous coal liquefaction project is scheduled to have a 150-t/d pilot plant start operation from the latter half of fiscal 1994. Research problems were reviewed based on the basic and detailed designs. Construction processes were also reviewed by each facility. Detailed design was performed on the main four facilities for pretreatment, liquefying reaction, liquefied oil distillation, and solvent hydrogenation. Support researches were carried out on the pilot plant in addition to 1-t/d PSU and small testing devices. In the research of a brown coal liquefying technology, operation of the pilot plant (50 t/d) was resumed after completion of the long-term operation (Run 7) having been executed in fiscal 1989, and after the extraordinary repair. The planned operation has been completed as scheduled. Modification and repair works were also carried out. Researches were made on upgrading of brown coal liquefied oil, and a petroleum mixing technology. The paper also describes the support researches. In developing the common basic technologies, studies were performed on development of plant devices, investigation on coal type selection, applications of coal liquefied products, and a refining technology. An environment preserving technology was also developed. The development made it possible to identify the whole image relative to the relevant laws and regulations on the comprehensive operation oil in the whole fraction and by fractions. Comprehensive management of the research and development was also implemented. (NEDO)

  1. Report on achievements in fiscal 1975 in Sunshine Project. Studies on a technology to measure inside of wells; 1975 nendo koseinai sokutei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-03-01

    In order to identify the actual status of geothermal reservoirs, development is made on a technology to detect cracks in a geothermal reservoir. This fiscal year has launched development of a PS sonic logging device of well wall compression type, which is considered most effective in crack detection. This device has a number of new development elements such as a mechanism to have a transmitter and a receiver compressed on a geologic stratum to send sonic energy directly into the stratum, simultaneous use of S-wave having excellent characteristics in evaluating crack faces quantitatively and calculating porosities, and a cooling mechanism for electronics installed in the wells. Combining this with a micro seismogram log scheduled to be fabricated in fiscal 1976 will form the mainstream of crack face detection. A continual flow meter measures behavior of steam and hot water to identify flow-out or flow-in patterns and depths of fluid in wells under flowing condition. Adding this meter to temperature and pressure elements scheduled to be developed in fiscal 1976 will provide data to give an important guideline in underground heat production. This meter was attempted with enhancement in heat and pressure resistant characteristics and stabilization of operation for design and fabrication, which were carried out using the spinner flow meter as the base. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (solar furnace); 1976 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyoro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    For solar furnace, study was made on analysis of its use purpose, analysis of the profitability of large furnaces, safety, maintenance, solar radiation and construction site conditions. On production of fused refractories by solar furnace, in particular, giving attention on zircon sand and mullite, their fusion property was clarified, and their fine structure was obtained by rapid heating/cooling. On production of Si by solar furnace, in this fiscal year, in particular, study was made on the 1st step (production of coarse Si from silica rock) and 4th step (deposition of Si by decomposition of SiHCl{sub 3}). On study on high-temperature processing followed by chemical reaction, study was made on production of carborundum by solar furnace, its application to high-temperature gas reaction, and its application to heat storage by high-temperature chemical reaction. In addition, for large solar furnace, study was made on its maintenance, safety, pollution problem, and construction site condition based on estimation of direct solar radiation profile maps. Inlands of Tokai, Kii-Hanto and Seto-Naikai districts were confirmed to be suitable for solar furnaces. (NEDO)

  3. FY1995 study on three-dimensional integrated information environment toward human media; 1995 nendo human media e muketa sanjigen togo joho kankyo no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In the next generation media environment, it is required to remove the boundary between virtual and real environment. The integration of these heterogeneous environments will enhance the applicability and availability of the human media. The aim of this work is to pioneer the new technology of 3-D integrated information environment in which both virtual and real environment are embedded, and to give a guide into the construction of human media. Our results consists of three parts as follows : (1) As a benchmark of the 3-D integrated information environment, the immersive television which has surrounding multi-projection displays was investigated. (2) A new method to synthesize arbitrary 3-D viewpoint images from 2-D real images was developed. On the other hand, a new concept of ray data description was introduced to represent whole visual data of 3-D real space. In the new concept, the whole visual data is treated as a set of ray data. New methods for superimposing and handling ray data were proposed. Potential applicability of the methods were clarified. (3) In order to enhance the reality of operations under the virtual environment, quantitative analysis was performed assuming that the HMD (Head Mounted Display) was used for displaying 3-D space information. (NEDO)

  4. Report on survey in fiscal 2000 on the survey on corporate research and development strategies. 2; 2000 nendo kigyo kenkyu kaihatsu senryaku chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to discuss the ways of the research and development by the government and the private corporations intended to strengthen the international competitive power, surveys have been performed on the current status of collection and analysis of the basic data related to the research and development and the policies to aid research and development and technological development under the governmental organization initiatives in foreign countries. With regard to the trends in the main indexes of research and development activities in Japan, the following different indexes were selected and analyzed: research expense, nature of researches (basic research, applied research, and developmental research), trends by business types, trends in patents, trends in technology trades, trends in technology introduction, and research and development expense. These items are in addition to the macro index for the research and development activities per GDP. With regard to the research and development strategies in foreign countries, the 'DOE Research and Development Portfolio' summarizing the energy strategy by the U.S. Department of Energy, and the 'Science Research Priorities' published by the British OST were selected and discussed. The discussion was intended to analyze the actual status and the results of research and development by using governmental funds in foreign countries. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Survey and study of constellation satellites technology; 2000 nendo chosa hokokusho. Konsutereshon eisei gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Demands for constellation satellites were surveyed and satellite systems were studied for extracting basic technical tasks relative to constellation satellite systems and for drafting space verification plans. For a constellation satellite system to accomplish its missions, two or more satellites have to be simultaneously navigated. It is assumed that its field of application will cover earth observation, information communication, risk management, disaster prevention, and the like. With such applications taken into consideration, surveys and studies were conducted about the need and marketability of constellation satellites, need of state-level involvement, and requests for missions to be imposed on a constellation system. For plural satellites to satisfy mission requests by coordinating with each other, it will be necessary to develop basic technologies, such as navigational guidance, communications control, system autonomous management, and operation on the ground. Functions and performance that a constellation satellite system are requested to have and basic technologies to be studied and developed were extracted, and space verification plans were drafted. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 1993 summary of R and D on manganese nodule mining system; Mangan dankai saiko system 1993 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-06-01

    With the purpose of securing steady supply of nonferrous metal resources and enhancing oceanic exploitation technologies, a mining system is being developed by a high performance and high reliability fluid dredge method, for the manganese nodules which exists in GA-04 at the depth of water of 2,200-1,800 m and at 600 km southeast of Marcus Island, and being developed also is an artificial oil lifting technology (gas lift) in the great depth region. Activities were conducted in three areas of (1) R and D of total system, (2) R and D of subsystem, and (3) oil drilling technology. In (1), design and manufacture of equipment with the purpose of developing a test system and an experimental plan were implemented, as were the first close inspection/analysis of the mining area, pumping, towing test and cost performance evaluation, etc.. In (2), development of systems was conducted for collecting, lifting, handling and instrumentation controlling systems. In all areas, the main activity contents were the detailed design of the equipment constituting the system and the examination of systematization; in the collecting system, the device of taking in manganese nodules was evaluated, as were the arrangement of buoyancy members for a travelling device and the performance in climbing over obstacles on the ocean floor, for example. (NEDO)

  7. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the Welfare Techno-system (Niihama); 1999 nendo Welfare Techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Niihama) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development has been performed on a welfare techno-system that takes into account the interface between houses themselves and welfare devices and between the welfare devices to perform without troubles the life actions in houses such as movement, excretion and bathing. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In developing a bath tub that promotes autonomous life for handicapped elderly people, data were collected on bath tubs having been fabricated on the trial basis in the previous fiscal year, problems were extracted, and a shape of a corner-installed type bath tub for home use was decided. In developing a reclining transfer-assisting wheelchair, the wheelchair developed in the previous fiscal year was added with the function by which a wheelchair can be reclined to an optional angle by using person's own force. In developing a horizontally transferring wheelchair, improvement was made on the mechanism to transfer a person from a wheelchair to a bed, resulting in a good result that it can be operated by one helper. In developing a wheelchair accommodating lifter, a lifter was developed that allows a wheelchair to be accommodated easily into the trunk of a passenger car even by one female helper. Research and development was also performed on a portable letter reading device for sight handicapped persons. (NEDO)

  8. Report on surveys in fiscal 2000 on the surveys and researches in relation to nano-technology; 2000 nendo nano technology ni kakawaru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to view over the situation surrounding the nano-technology as a whole, surveys and discussions were given by means of questionnaire and open discussion meetings. In the questionnaire, the answer that the products utilizing nano-scale structure have already been, or scheduled to be put on sale has exceeded half of the total answers. Experts view that the nano-technology is infiltrating steadily into the actual society. In view of the applicable fields, and in the opening discussion meetings, drastic innovation was expected in the industrial technologies in the future not too far away as a dream world, by using the 'nano-technology' that utilizes a principle completely different from the principles that have been practically used. In order to achieve that goal, a recognition was made clear that the braeakthrough in other fields is important, and the field crossing fusion such as coordination with academia, and exchanges between different businesses and different fields is important. In the comparison of competitive edges of Japan, America and Europe, Japan was recognized to possess sufficient competitive power, but the sense of crisis is felt toward the latent technological power of America of the future. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Research on machine tool not necessitating hydraulic system; 2000 nendo yuatsu resu kosaku kikai no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    From the viewpoint that the manufacturing process, expendable items, and recycling should all be taken into consideration when machine tool energy consumption is the matter to discuss, it is concluded that the most important policy to follow in the effort to enhance energy conservation is to enable the tool to operate without hydraulic systems. For the realization of a general-purpose machine tool (lathe) to operate free of hydraulic systems, efforts are exerted to develop element technologies, tool rests, tail stocks, and chuck drives usable for the construction of a practical hydraulic system-free machine tool. In fiscal 2000, comprehensive evaluation of experimental machine tools continued, problems to solve for practical application were put together for the fabrication of improved units, and the improved units and an improved control method were integrated into a prototype of practical machine tools. The prototype was exhibited at Japan International Machine Tool Fair (JIMTOF) as a hydraulic system-free NC (numerically controlled) lathe Type LB300, and won a high valuation. The prototype was then tested for basic performance and for possibility of improvement, and problems to be solved before commercialization were isolated. (NEDO)

  10. FY1998 report on the research on support for practical recycling technologies. Part 1; 1998 nendo recyle gijutsu nado jitsuyoka shien kenkyu seika hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project aims at development, demonstration and utilization of waste recycling technologies. This report summarizes the fiscal 1998 results. The test/demonstration plant for separation and removal of foreign materials was constructed for effective use of waste building wood, and its optimum operation condition was studied. Although some foreign materials exists, 90% of waste building wood chips were separated and recovered through some improvements for the plant. An advanced separation technology is expected. As for fibering technology, fibers with target compression strength were obtained from cedar chips through a disintegration experiment using a newly developed refiner plate. Although the compression strength of fibers obtained from waste building wood chips was slightly poor, it is attained by increasing the target specific gravity of light- weight wooden materials by nearly 10% from 0.1. As for fiber orientation technology, as the tension of a forming belt was adjusted to achieve sufficient width compression, nearly 90% of the target compression strength was attained. A width compression method remains to be solved. (NEDO)

  11. Report for fiscal 1998 on results of research and development of silicon-based polymeric material; 1998 nendo keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The research and development of 'silicon-based polymeric materials' has been implemented under ten year plan since 1991 by the research and development system for industrial science and technology, with the following subjects conducted in the general accounting section of fiscal 1998. In the research and development of the synthetic technology of electrically conductive silicon-based polymeric materials, a synthetic method was established for unsaturated side-chain group polysilanes as a basic structural unit for structuring multidimensions. In the research and development of the synthetic technology of new silicon-based polymeric materials capable of plotting circuits, network-shaped polysilanes with various amino groups introduced were synthesized, for which electrical conductivity and temperature dependency were measured. In the research and development of new silicon-based polymeric materials with an electro-luminous function and the like, polymeric synthesis began developing smoothly that has hole-transporting and electron transporting properties concerning the electro-luminous function. In the research and development of silicon-based photoelectric conversion materials, examination was made on the improvement of photoelectric conversion performance by materialization technology including lamination and mixture. The general investigation and research committee contrived further advancement of the research and development. (NEDO)

  12. Industrial science and technology frontier program progress reports for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics; 1998 nendo synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In relation with research and development of 'synergy ceramics' which have begun since fiscal 1994 under a joint organization of the industries, Government and academic circles, reports were given on the achievement status of the whole of the first stage of the project, together with the results of researches made in fiscal 1998. With regard to high-order structure control technologies, reports were given on the following subjects: precursor design, structure formation design, nano-structure process and structuring reaction process as the basic technologies for structure creation, and inter-hierarchy deposition reaction control, phase boundary formation control, anisotropic particle interface control and high-order space production control as the structural element control technologies. With respect to analysis and evaluation technologies, reports were given on research achievements in fundamental technologies for analysis and evaluation, and property developing element evaluation technologies. In the field of overall survey and study, various committees and study meetings were held, research projects were planned, and technological trends were surveyed, whose results were reported. In the joint researches, reports were given on the survey and study on new material creation by means of high-order structure control, and the research on high-order structure control of ceramics by means of structuring reaction process control. (NEDO)

  13. Achievement report for fiscal 1990 on research and development of high-efficiency molecule separating membrane materials; 1990 nendo kokoritsu kobunshi bunrimaku zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    In order to achieve high efficiency and energy conservation in the separation processes in the chemical industry, activities were performed to seek high-efficiency liquid separation films, gas separation films, and the related technologies that make possible separation, condensation, and refinement of substances that have consumed large amount of energy in the conventional separation processes (for example, water-alcohol, and rare gases), and substances difficult of separation and refinement because of resemblance in physical and chemical properties (for example, isomer mixed substances). For the gas separation films, research and development has been made on (1) high-order molecule recognizing films, (2) high-density metal complex fixing thin films, (3) high-functional complex films, and (4) re-activating oxygen condensation films. In (1), attempt was made on oxygen condensation by impregnating the carrier film with aqueous cobalt complex solution with regard to oxygen, for example. Research has been made on alcohol condensation film in the liquid selecting and separating films. Research and development has been made on fluororesin films for water/polar organics separation, (3) high-order structure control of water selective and permeating films, (4) water/acetic acid separating films, and (5) particle separation process utilizing liquid films. (NEDO)

  14. FY 1998 report of the results of the R and D of human media; 1998 nendo human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the light of the trial design/manufacture made in the previous fiscal year, the following were conducted in this R and D: design/manufacture of a system to support the combinedly complete design of designer, contemplation of a system to instantly search the necessary images without keyword input, joint design of urban environment after completion of urban redevelopment by virtual reality technology, design/manufacture of a system by which many people can feel reality, and manufacture of a system to enable evaluation of disaster prevention by a model of urban planning design. Further, carried out were exchanges of technology information and survey on the trend of domestic/overseas technology. In the R and D of the Kansei agent and human media database, pre-prototyping of the integrated system was conducted. By this, an image was materialized for realization of an industrial design support system including sensible information and multimedia contents using database. In the R and D of urban environment human media, the following were conducted: design/evaluation support for design including buildings and the whole urban environment; primary development of individual technology by which many people can virtually experience simultaneously landscape, wind environment, refuge behavior at the time of disaster, etc. (NEDO)

  15. Summary of the research achievements in fiscal 1988. Development of coal liquefaction technologies; Sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu. 1988 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    This paper reports the summary of the research and development works in fiscal 1988. The following researches were carried out: as development of a bituminous coal liquefaction technology, studies by using a pilot plant, studies on support of the pilot plant (studies by using an experimental plant (studies by using a 1-t/d PSU, development of an optimal pretreatment technology for coals to be used for liquefaction, studies on improvement in fraction oil distribution in the NEDOL process, and studies by using a 1-t/d plant)), and (studies by using a small device (studies on coal liquefying conditions, and studies on solvent hydrogenation catalysts)). Studies were carried out on operation of the pilot plant, and on support of the pilot plant operation. Materials for auxiliary machinery were developed (including in-plant test of new materials), and so were the devices (including development of a let-down valve) as trial fabrication and development of the plant devices and materials. As coal type selection and survey, coal types were surveyed, and liquefaction performance of Chinese coals was tested. In order to develop applications of coal liquefied products and a refining technology, developments were carried out on up-grading of the coal liquefied oil, a petroleum mixing technology, and a technology to separate hetero compounds in coal liquefied oil, and applications of the compounds. (NEDO)

  16. FY 2000 survey report on possibilities of the international joint study in the Asian region; 2000 nendo Asia chiiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Study was conducted of policies on energy spread, trends of energy development, etc. in energy conservation and substitution energy fields after the economic crisis in Asian countries, and the results were summed up. In Thailand, it is expected that the effective use of solar energy can be an effective means as a substitution energy. Further, the energy conservation by demand-side management, etc. is to be urgently taken. Indonesia is abundant in energy resources and does not take energy conservation measures very much. As to petroleum substituting energy, it is expected that the diversified use of coal, natural gas, hydroelectric power, geothermal energy, etc. will be advanced. In Malaysia, a policy in which energy is dispersed to natural gas, hydroelectric power and coal is being taken for reduction of the dependence upon petroleum. In India, joint projects with developed countries are proceeded with in the fields of electric power, energy conservation and renewable energy. In China, the policy for advancing new energy utilization is being taken that the thermal power generation is optimized, hydroelectric power generation is positively adopted, and nuclear power generation is moderately used, according to characteristics in the region. (NEDO)

  17. Collection of summaries of polymer electrolyte fuel cell research and development reports presented at fiscal 2000 meeting; 2000 nendo kotai kobunshigata nenryo denchi kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokukai yoshishu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-08

    Contained in this book are the summaries of 26 essays presented at an achievement reporting conference on polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) research and development held in Tokyo on March 8, 2000. In the development of high-efficiency energy systems for transportation and residential/commercial sectors, 6 essays are summarized, involving ion exchange membranes, normal pressure operation type several kW class power source systems for home use, and so forth. For the practical application of high-efficiency fuel cell systems, 12 essays are summarized, involving technologies of PEFC low cost electrodes, PEFC module manufacturing, hydrogen separation type reforming, PEFC system manufacturing, and so forth. In relation to the establishment of technologies for a fuel cell popularization infrastructure and development of key technologies for high-efficiency fuel cells, 2 essays are summarized, involving the construction of a popularization infrastructure and development of evaluation test equipment, and the like, for automotive fuel cells. In relation to the development of key technologies and verification thereof for the practical application of fuel cells, 6 essays are summarized, covering the research and development of hydrogen producing liquid fuels and hydrogen absorbing alloys. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey and research concerning development of next-generation chemical process technologies; 1999 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To further enhance resource/energy conservation and environmental impact reduction, it is necessary to develop innovative chemical reaction process technologies. It is for this reason that 'development of next-generation chemical reaction process technologies' is being carried out under the New Sunshine Program. The survey and research, for the fulfilment of the above goal, aim to select important technologies and put in a easy-to-study order the problems contained in associated technologies for picking out tasks for future studies for the purpose of suggesting some subjects to be taken up for future development. In addition, studies are made about how a comprehensive technology assessment system should be. In this fiscal year, propositions are compiled for research and development projects on five subjects. Studies of subjects other than these five will also continue to eventually build concrete propositions on them. The said five subjects involve 1) the development and application of nonaqueous biotechnologies, 2) biotechnology-aided polymeric material creation processes, 3) construction of high-efficiency energy conservation processes using innovative grain handling technologies in the high-temperature reaction field, 4) manufacture of high-performance polymeric materials for batteries and development of battery fabrication processes, and 5) the development of an energy conservation process maximally utilizing environmentally-friendly polyolefin. (NEDO)

  19. FY1995 study on objective measurement of mental stress caused by operation; 1995 nendo kiki sosa ni okeru seishinteki fuka no kyakkanteki keisoku gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The task with operating highly functional and intelligent machines, is supposed to cause the mental stress such as tension, anxiety or fear, owing to the operation itself and movement of the machines. The purpose of the project is to establish the physiological sensing technique in objective measurement of the various mental stress caused by the operation or the movement of machines, aiming at designing the optimal interfaces in man-machine system. Subjective quantities and physiological responses are measured, under the stresser of five different conditions, such as a monotonous task, a task which causes tension, and a motion of a robot which causes fear. BP, ECG, and are measured as Physiological items. More precisely, the variation in systolic pressure, RRI of heartbeat or LF/HF value obtained by its spectrum analysis, and the power spectrum of a wave or CNV area derived from spectrum analysis of EGG, are obtained for each item. The results of the experiment show that subjective responses such as irritation, tension and concentration due to the increase of the task load, and fear caused by the movement of machines, are able to be measured by physiological responses such as BP, ECG and EEG. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1998 survey report. Examinational research on the construction of body function database; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shintai kino database no kochiku ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The body function database is aimed at supplying and supporting products and environment friendly to aged people by supplying the data on body function of aged people in case of planning, designing and production when companies supply the products and environment. As a method for survey, group measuring was made for measurement of visual characteristics. For the measurement of action characteristics, the moving action including posture change was studied, the experimental plan was carried out, and items of group measurement and measuring methods were finally proposed. The database structure was made public at the end of this fiscal year, through the pre-publication/evaluation after the trial evaluation conducted using pilot database. In the study of the measurement of action characteristics, the verification test was conducted for a small-size group. By this, the measurement of action characteristics was finally proposed. In the body function database system, subjects on operation were extracted/bettered by trially evaluating pilot database, and also adjustment of right relations toward publication and preparation of management methods were made. An evaluation version was made supposing its publication. (NEDO)

  1. Research report of FY 1996 on development of new hydrogen energy demonstration technology. 2. Results in the extension period of FY 1996; 1996 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu (1996 nendo kikan enchobun)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    The purpose of this project is to clarify the possibility of new hydrogen energy as a future energy source. The new hydrogen energy is obtained from the excess heat generation phenomenon through the electrolysis of heavy water using palladium metal as an electrode. The excess heat measurements were conducted through the excess heat confirmation tests using a fuel cell-type electrolytic cell up to November 1997. As a result, it was found that the excess heat measured by the calibration method can not be measured by the flow calorimetric method. In order to investigate the possibility of systematic errors of the both methods, the sensitivity, accuracy and responsibility, and the conditions of the excess heat generation, research activities based on new facts from scientific information and fundamental research supporting projects have been mainly performed. Among these, were performed the excess heat measurement tests by the cataphoresis method, absorption tests by the high-pressure and high-temperature charging method, gas plasma loading, in-situ X-ray detection, and reactant detection tests using Au/Pd/PdO heterogeneous structural body. 5 refs., 59 figs., 9 tabs.

  2. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of nano-structural materials for ceramic bearing application (the second year); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Ceramic bearing yo nano seigyo zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 2 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Development is made on ceramic bearing using high-performance and low-cost nano-structural materials, and its application is performed to high-quality bearings suitable for energy conservation in automobiles and industrial machines, and bearings for office automation devices, electronics, and aeronautic and maritime development. To achieve these goals, raw material synthesizing technologies, forming technologies, structural control technologies, processing technologies and mass production technologies shall be established. Fiscal 1998 had the following achievements: establishment of nano-structure controlled ceramic material powder synthesizing technology (nano-lamination type composite powder made by using the beads mill co-precipitation method, nano-lamination type composite powder made by using the New Mymill co-precipitation method, nano-lamination type composite powder made by using the controlled liquid phase method, composite nano-structured gel, and nano-powder synthesis); near net forming technology for spherical ceramics; high-speed processing technology for ultra smooth surface; evaluation of rolling fatigue properties of ceramic bearings; and analysis and evaluation of nano-structured materials. Since this alumina-based ceramic bearing can be produced at reduced cost with performance comparable to silicon nitride based bearing, investigations and discussions are being given on the application thereof. (NEDO)

  3. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on area consortium research and development business, 1st year. Area consortium energy research and development (ultrahigh density information storage components); 1998 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu. Chokomitsudo joho storage component (dai 1 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The effort aims to prepare the base of a next-generation ultrahigh density HDD (hard disk drive) industry in the Tohoku district. The contact head was modeled as a cantilever beam and a head disk linkage impact model for analysis was built for the elucidation of the effects of various factors. A microactuator using a PZT (piezoelectric transducer) thin film was evaluated concerning the constitution of its elements, and durability. Materials design guidelines were indicated concerning the moderation and suppression of thermomagnetism in the ultrahigh density magnetic recording medium. A grain diameter of less than 10nm was found necessary for a decrease in the interaction between magnetic crystal grains for the achievement of a reduction in noise, and a material was produced that met the condition. An appropriate abrasive was chosen for superfine surface processing. Attention was paid to the chemical loss of lubricating oil to cause lethal destruction of HDI (hard disk interface) and , after evaluating hard film and frictional conditions, it was found that a hard layer and soft layer were required to complete an effective lubricant film. A ferroelectric body and a shape memory alloy were combined into a composite lamination and crystal orientation therein was controlled, and the lamination showed its feasibility as a thin film actuator. (NEDO)

  4. Research report of FY 1996 on development of new hydrogen energy demonstration technology. 1. FY 1996 results; 1996 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu (1996 nendo jisshibun)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    The purpose of this project is to clarify the possibility of new hydrogen energy as a future energy source. The new hydrogen energy is obtained from the excess heat generation phenomenon through the electrolysis of heavy water using palladium metal as an electrode. The excess heat regeneration tests have been successively conducted using two kinds of electrolytic cells. As a result, the excess heat generation measured by one electrolytic cell in FY 1996 has been confirmed in about 35% of repeatability under the same condition. On the other hand, the excess heat over the measuring accuracy was not measured using two kinds of absolute heating value measuring systems. The electrolytic cell, by which the excess heat was measured, was used for confirming the absolute heating value as keeping its condition. When tests were conducted using the developed system, it was found that the absolute heating value can not be detected. Then, verification tests are currently conducted for determining the cause. Moreover, in order to clarify the basic characteristics of materials required for the regeneration of the excess heat generation phenomenon, observation and analysis of the materials were performed before and after the excess heat measurement. Thus, the cause of difference was revealed. 3 refs., 98 figs., 24 tabs.

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of a multi-plant maintenance system (the first year); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Odanteki maintenance gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This research and development is intended to structure a network centering around a center having systematized high-level maintenance technology, by utilizing the technological infrastructure having been built in local areas, together with element technologies possessed by national and private research institutes, universities and colleges. It is also purposed to establish a new industrial system for maintenance to realize high reliability, high operation rate and low cost in plants in certain areas. The present fiscal year had the following achievements: research and development of a maintenance system, a maintenance model, a maintenance vehicle, damage estimating technology for stationary parts such as piping, an anomaly diagnostic system using acoustic emission, an anomaly diagnostic system using wear particles in lubricant, an anti-wear material using surface modification, a lubrication control system, and an anomaly diagnostic system using ultrasonic waves. The research and development executing organization was divided into four groups for the maintenance system, maintenance model, maintenance vehicle, and maintenance tool. All groups have achieved the initial plans satisfactorily. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 1991-1993 summary report on R and D on new forming technology of composite materials; Fukugo zairyo shinseikei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu 1991 nendo - 1993 nendo sokatsu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-09-01

    Developed were the materials which can be easily formed by manifesting superplasticity simultaneously with high toughness and high strength through selection of material composition and micronizing of the structure, in regard to composite materials answering to high strength and resistance to high temperature suitable for engines or the like. Developed for ceramic matrix composite materials were composite technology of silicon nitride matrix composites by a casting method, composite technology of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/TiC matrix composites by a material preparation method using aqueous slurry, and superplastic forming technology of yttria stabilized zirconia/alumina matrix composites; developed for metallic matrix composite materials were composite technology of reinforced ceramics particulate aluminum alloy matrix composites by a voltex method, composite technology of ceramic short fibers reinforced aluminum alloy composites by a high pressure casting method under reduced pressure, composite technology of titanium matrix composites by a mechanical alloying method, and composite technology of aluminum alloy composites by ceramics particles, superplastic forming technology of SiC whisker reinforced aluminum alloy reinforced composites, and superplastic forming technology of aluminum alloy matrix reinforced composites reinforced by SiC particles. (NEDO)

  7. Advanced factory managing technology. Sentan kojo kanri gijuts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsushita, M [Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1994-04-05

    With respect to a managing technology of advanced factories in the Japanese chemical industry, this paper enumerates the following three examples to discuss the ways the future factory technologies should be: operation techniques and problems in a newest ethylene plant, operation supports and facility control in chemical factories, and CIM structuring in beer breweries. The paper describes the operation techniques in an ethylene plant that are broken down into the following: measures for safety and material diversification, environment preservation, means to minimize the required labor, adoption of multi-variables, non-interference control technology for ethylene-propylene columns, and operation techniques that have been introduced with such a new technique as an integrated instrumentation room equipped with a gas leakage detection system. Structuring of CIM in the cited beer brewery has followed the transition of IE-TQC-JIT-FMS-CIM. Although a beer brewery may give somewhat different image from an ordinary chemical plant, the beer brewing process resembles a chemical plant in that it operates reacting machines in batch multiple tanks, and uses instrumentations and controllers using sensors. The key point in the future development is an organic link between market fluctuation and production activities. 1 fig.

  8. Nanotechnologies and advanced devices; Nanotechnology to sentan device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arakawa, Y [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Institute of Industrial Science

    1994-11-01

    This paper introduces studies on nanotechnologies performed at the Production Technology Research Institute at Tokyo University. Conceiving the future optical devices is based on a desire to control electrons and lights by means of nano construction technologies to use the interactions between electrons and photons in ways as they are wanted and realize the next generation laser. The nano-construction making technology targets working on making boxes and lines with a size of 10 nm in arbitrary patterns at high precision. The method using an atom operating technology is such a method as building a house with bricks of atoms bringing them one by one. The crystallization technology applies some kind of magic on a crystallizing substrate, and then sprinkle crystalline seeds over the substrate to have them grow to crystals that build a structure. The Production Technology Research Institute uses a crystal growing technique called an MOCVD process. This is a representative technology comparable with the MBO in the thin film forming technologies. Because of chemically reactive process entering into the technique, building an interesting self-structural construction can occur. 14 figs.

  9. FY 2000 Feasibility study on the environmentally-friendly coal utilization systems as part of the international project for coal utilization measures. Feasibility study on supporting introduction of the environmentally-friendly coal utilization systems in Vietnam (Model project for introduction of advanced coal preparation systems); 2000 nendo kokusai sekitan riyo taisaku jigyo chosa hokokusho. Kankyo chowagata sekitan riyo system kanosei chosa jigyo Vietnam ni okeru kankyo chowagata sekitan riyo system donyu shien jigyo (kodo sentan system donyu model jigyo kanosei chosa jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    The feasibility study was conducted on a model project in Vietnam, aimed at solving the environmental pollution problems resulting from use of coal by demonstrating and disseminating the Japan's environmental technologies in the Southeast Asian countries. The feasibility study was conducted for the Cua Ong Coal Preparation Enterprise, which has the largest coal preparation capacity in Vietnam and port facilities. It is treating raw coal from 10 coal mines for classification and preparation, and shipping coal of various types that meet the standards for domestic use and export. The survey results point out that unrecovered coal remains in waste water discharged from the coal preparation plants to pollute the sea area, and that quantity of the refuse increases because of the unrecovered coal it contains. The environmental technologies needed to introduce include modification to variable wave pattern type jigging separator, refuse height measuring instrument and automatic controller, circulating heavy medium gravimeter, highly functional settling pond, and flocculent facilities. (NEDO)

  10. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on research and development of key technologies for superconducting generator. Research and development of key technologies to increase density, research and development of key technologies to increase capacity, research and development of design technologies, and research of technologies; 2000 nendo chodendo hatsudenki kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Komitsudoka kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu / daiyoryoka kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu / sekkei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu / gijutsu chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Researches have been made to increase density of 200,000-kW class generator and to increase capacity of 600,000-kW class generator necessary for putting superconducting generator into practical use. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In the study of increasing densities of superconductors and field windings, strands were fabricated, in which aging heat treatment conditions, number of aging, and processing degrees between each aging were varied, to increase the critical current of Nb-Ti strand, wherein as high critical current as corresponding to about 90% of the target was obtained. Possibility of increasing the critical current with the final processing degree in the range of 4 to 5 was verified from the relationship between the final processing degree and the critical current. In the study of increasing capacities of superconductors and field windings, findings were acquired on enhancement of conductor stability and reduction in AC loss, with regard to superconductor strands well balanced in the two elements. Prospects were obtained in achieving the AC loss of 200 kW/m{sup 3} in the targeted superconductor. The residual resistance ratio was found to be 200, showing sufficiently high value, and sufficient function was verified in the stabilized copper. In the research of design technologies, primary basic design was performed. (NEDO)

  11. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on the research and development to lead to gas hydrate using technology. Research and development on exploration, research and development on drilling technologies, survey and research on a method to evaluate environmental impact, and survey and research on a utilization system; 1997 nendo gas haidoreto shigenka gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tansanado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu, kussaku gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu, kankyo eikyo hyokaho no chosa kenkyu, riyo system ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The present study is intended to analyze comprehensively geophysical, geological and geochemical data, and establish a technology to estimate distribution of gas hydrate (GH) in sea areas around Japan. It is also intended to develop a high-accuracy resource amount calculating method utilizing the result of excavation of GH planned in the future. In order to achieve these goals, the following activities are performed: (1) study on a method to estimate production environment of GH deposits, (2) development of a method to estimate GH stability areas by using the crust thermal flow measuring method, and (3) study on estimation of GH distribution and wide-area potential. For the study (1), an inorganic element analyzer was introduced, and calibration of devices was performed in fiscal 1997. A survey was carried out on literatures related to distribution of inorganic elements and process of GH deposit production. In the study (2), design and trial fabrication were executed on a high-accuracy crust thermal flow measuring device, capable of long-term continuous observation. In the study (3), re-processing focusing on BSR was implemented by using the latest computer and analysis software on the data in which BSR has been confirmed in the surveys done in the past on sea areas around Japan. (NEDO)

  12. Report on the achievements in fiscal 1999. Technology to use gas hydrate as a resource (Research and development for exploration, research and development on drilling technologies, investigative research on an environment influence evaluation method, and investigative research on a utilization system); 1999 nendo gas hydrate shigenka gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tansa nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu, kussaku gijutsu nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu, kankyo eikyo hyokaho no chosa kenkyu, riyo system ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The contents of the research and development performed in the current fiscal year are as follows: (1) research and development for exploration, (2) research and development on drilling technologies, (3) investigative research on an environment influence evaluation method, and (4) investigative research on a utilization system. In Item (1), element analysis data are used to study a method to estimate production environment of hydrate ore beds by using an inorganic ion analyzer and a trace amount element analyzer, the crust thermal flow measuring method is used to discuss a method to analyze the hydrate stability zones together with the data of sea area exploration records, and conceptual design is made on a resource potential evaluation system. In Item (2), experiments and analytical discussions are performed on decomposition control of the gas hydrate solid-liquid interface according to such conditions for the drilling fluid as temperatures and flow rates. Elucidation is given on the initial process of bubble generation for behavior of decomposed gas bubbles. Observation and elucidation are made on two-phase flow behavior of non-Newtonian fluid. In Item (3), conceptual design is carried out on a system to detect elements of shape change in each bed due to fluid movement in a gas hydrate bed and an upper bed. In Item (4), discussions are given on the optimizing conditions for generation and dissociation of gas hydrates. Investigation is made also on a possibility of the transportation and storage system. (NEDO)

  13. FY 2000 research and development of fundamental technologies for AC superconducting power devices. R and D of fundamental technologies for superconducting power cables and faults current limiters, R and D of superconducting magnets for power applications, and study on the total systems and related subjects; 2000 nendo koryu chodendo denryoku kiki kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chodendo soden cable kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo genryuki kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu, denryokuyo chodendo magnet no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system nado no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The project for research and development of fundamental technologies for AC superconducting power devices has been started, and the FY 2000 results are reported. The R and D of fundamental technologies for superconducting power cables include grasping the mechanical characteristics associated with integration necessary for fabrication of large current capacity and long cables; development of barrier cable materials by various methods; and development of short insulated tubes as cooling technology for long superconducting cables, and grasping its thermal/mechanical characteristics. The R and D of faults current limiters include introduction of the unit for superconducting film fabrication, determination of the structures and layouts for large currents, and improvement of performance of each device for high voltages. R and D of superconducting magnets for power applications include grasping the fundamental characteristics of insulation at cryogenic temperature, completion of the insulation designs for high voltage/current lead bushing, and development of prototype sub-cooled nitrogen cooling unit for cooling each AC power device. Study on the total systems and related subjects include analysis for stabilization of the group model systems, to confirm improved voltage stability when the superconducting cable is in service. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 2000 regional consortium research and development project - regional new technology creation research and development. Development of micro-array for next generation gene analysis (1st fiscal year); 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki shingijutsu soshutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Jisedai idenshi kaiseki micro array no kaihatsu (daiichi nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts are under way to construct a novel DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) micro-array for gene diagnosis on the basis of technologies of laser scan type manipulation, nanometric position detection, and micro-machining. Using these technologies, structural changes to accompany reactions induced in the probe DNA deposited on an array are detected for the identification of the DNA. Activities are conducted in the four fields of (1) the study of probe DNA fixation technology, (2) development of an optical detection system, (3) detailed check of DNA micro-array performance evaluation technologies, and (4) a comprehensive survey. In field (1), gold colloid modified DNA molecules are designed and evaluated, and the fixation of DNA to substrates and technologies for integration are studied. In field (2), the gold colloid modified DNA is fixed on a thin gold film, and then a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is observed in the wake of hybridization. Furthermore, a Brownian motion is observed of the metal particles fixed on a glass substrate via DNA. (NEDO)

  15. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / research and development of a reverse engineering system for local industrial articles (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / chiiki kogeihin muke reverse engineering system no kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper described the fiscal 1997 result of the research on the application of local industrial article use reverse engineering (RE, it had been regarded as imitation and reproduction technology, but has recently been as a part of the production information integration). With the actual local industrial article as standard, which has features in design and was added with local traditionality, such as glass having 3D free-form surface, 3D shape information modeling technology RE is developed, and a system for direct automatic metal mold processing is established, aiming at shortening of delivery date, cost reduction and higher grade. The target of the research is Okinawa prefecture. In fiscal 1997, study was made of the speeding-up of the non-contact 3D shape information inputting (multi-point simultaneous inputting by CCD of the laser reflected light of the actual model) and the data storage technology. Cast iron was selected as molding materials, judging from reactivity/machinability with heat resistant glass. Also studied was the blend of glass materials suitable for press forming. Further, studies were proceeded with of development of intellectual cutting tools into which sensor function is integrated and of virtual reality for facilitating/accelerating the design up to metal mold manufacturing. 39 refs., 88 figs., 21 tabs.

  16. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / R and D of a task adaptation type group architecture transfer robot system, TRIPTERS (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / task tekigogata gun kosei hanso robot system TRIPTERS no kaihatsu kenkyu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper stated the fiscal 1997 result of the development of a task adaptation type group architecture transfer robot system (TRIPTERS) which can cope with changes in carrying task rapidly and flexibly. R and D were conducted mainly of various functional modules, the operation management technology which enables group architecture, and the basic design of a standardized transfer robot. As to the positioning, studied were the construction of the basic hardware of laser position measuring device, and the application method. Concerning the cooperative carrying, conducted were securing of positioning accuracy of matters to be carried, high speed heavy transfer control, and design of dead reckoning system. Relating to the operation management, passable areas were divided into more than one zones, and the effective path reservation method was constructed so that one and the same zone is not occupied. As to the environmental recognition/obstacle avoidance, developed were actual hour/distance acquisition equipment, and autonomous cars running according to the directions of the color sign recognition system by stereo CCD camera. Also conducted were the development of methods to recognize the distance to obstacles and to discriminate areas, the development of mobile sensor, and the basic experiment on running of the demonstration machine. 44 refs., 153 figs., 15 tabs.

  17. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field/R and D high performance flat panel display technology (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / koseino flat panel display gijutsu no sogo kaihatsu kenkyu (daiichi nendo ) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    One of the subjects in technology supporting the highly information-oriented society which will develop and diversify toward the 21st century is the construction of high grade man/machine interface. For it, high precision/high luminance/energy saving/thin plane displays are strongly requested. This R and D is to indicate models of systematical development in the region of element technology individually existing in the Shikoku area by forming a regional consortium in the industry/universities/government. Creation of new industries by gathering display related enterprises is a first step in a plan to realize `Display Island Shikoku.` As a concrete target, with the use of high-tech diamond semiconducting technology, a development is conducted of the high performance flat panel display using the negative electron affinity (NEA) electron emitter which drastically solves the problems such as luminance, visibility angle and response speed, the subjects on the commercialized liquid crystal flat panel display. 16 refs., 45 figs., 8 tabs.

  18. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium field. First year report. R and D of highly integrated micro-protein reactor array system; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium bun'ya. Koshusekigata micro protein reactor array system no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    By micro-processing, micro-protein reactor array is fabricated, and inside it a very trace of gene is amplified by PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and then was amplified by adding the transcription/translation reaction mixture to it. By causing the protein synthesis reaction using the amplified gene, a highly integrated protein library is constructed. For it, the development of a new micro-protein reactor array system ({mu} PRAS) was proceeded with. Studies were made in the following 8 fields: 1) materials of micro reactor array and the manufacturing method; 2) development of the element unit of {mu} PRAS; 3) trial manufacture of micro reactor array chip and the evaluation; 4) trial manufacture of the micro-domain high-speed DNA manipulation system; 5) method to control non-specific DNA amplification in unimolecular PCR; 6) basic study of technology of molecular evolution of degrading enzymes of degradation-resistant substances such as dioxin; 7) method to construct the enzyme lipase library and computer simulation; 8) optimization of a system to synthesize optical activity useful compounds using enzyme lipase. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2000 report on the research cooperation project on the research cooperative follow-up for development of the manufacturing technology supported by advanced and integrated information system through cooperation; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. 2000 nendo kan'i sosagata denshi sekkei seisan shien system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku follow up jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The manufacturing technology supported by advanced and integrated information system through cooperation (MATIC), that is, a project supporting the production technology including the international information system and CAD/CAM system, etc. was carried out from FY 1994 to FY 1998. From FY 1999, the follow-up project is being implemented for the spread of the MATIC results, support for the independent R and D and the technical guidance. China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore participated in this project, by which the support and technical guidance were given in three fields: automobiles/the parts; household electric appliances/the parts; fiber/apparel. At present, each country is continuing its own activity for using the system developed in the MATIC project in its country. In this fiscal year, researchers were sent to each country for supporting the activities. Further, the MATIC follow-up committee was established to conduct the drawing-up of a business plan, grasp of the state of the spread/R and D, discussion about problems/subjects, comprehensive evaluation of the MATIC project, etc. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1998 result report on research and development project of regional consortiums (the first year). Research and development of regional consortium energy / Report on development of high-grade and low-cost molds for rubber and plastics; 1998 nendo chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo). Gomu plastic yo kohin'i tei cost kanagata no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given on quality improvement and cost reduction of heating and forming molds for household rubber, plastics and electronic device parts. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1998. Verification was made on chromium plated steel and stainless steel molds as to improvement in water repellency of the mold surface by injecting N and F ions, improvement in surface hardness by making the surface into CrN and CrF, and improvement in wear resistance. In order to inject the ions uniformly into the mold surface having irregularities, a high-frequency and high-energy power supply was developed. Development was made on a negative voltage induction pulse power supply taking synchronism with the above pulse power supply and a 50-kV field through device. The design and fabrication thereof have been completed and the trial operation has begun. In order to evaluate mold releasing performance and pollution effect on molds under the same conditions for all makes, a unified evaluation criterion was established. With regard to nitriding and chromation by means of nitrogen ion injection into chromium plated steels under the unified rubber composition, the mold releasing performance and pollution effect were evaluated in terms of economics. Residue of rubber material in a mold has decreased, and metal polluting effect has been improved. Quantitative evaluation was performed successfully by the CCD taken image processing of surface images. (NEDO)

  1. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy R and D. Third year report. Ultra-high density information storage component; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu. Chokomitsudo joho storage component (dai 3 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of industrially creating next generation HDD (hard disk drive), the development was proceeded with of ultra-high density and energy saving type next generation HDD system. The following four were conducted: 1) development of active type magnetic head arm for high speed writing/reading-out; 2) development of ultra-smooth low-noise medium using ultra-clean process; 3) establishment of component technology of high efficiency lubricating materials; 4) development of reproductive magnetic head using TMR device. TMR device is an ultra-high sensitivity magnetic detecting device composed of three layers of ferromagnetic material/insulator/ferromagnetic material. As to the development of regenerative magnetic head, studies were made of the reduction in resistance of TRM device, fabrication of submicron device and system integration. For the development of low resistance TMR device, thickness of Al layer, oxidation conditions and heat treatment conditions were studied in detail. The tunnel joining was obtained in which RA value and TMR ratio are 80 ohm(center dot){mu}m{sup 2} and 30%, respectively, in case of the thickness of Al layer of 6.6 (angstrom). (NEDO)

  2. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / R and D on downsizing technology of machine tools (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / kosaku kikai no downsizing gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The R and D were conducted aiming at downsizing machine tools by combining microfactory technology owned by Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology of MITI with fundamental element technology owned by industrial groups of machine tools. In fiscal 1997, as to the study of spindle drum indexing mechanism in making main spindle multiaxial, the following have been finished: the basic study through openness of controller and networks, confirmation of function of the equipment acquired, and initialization of the driver software. Relating to the study on machining conditions of dry machining processing, delivery and installation of cold air machining instrument have been finished. Concerning the optical measurement of spindle radial run-out vectors, a system to make optical no contact measurement of radial direction components of rotation error was constructed with high accuracy pin gauge attached to the work spindle clamp mechanism as a medium. About the study on sensor-based state recognition technology, specifications for various kinds of sensor were decided on. 5 refs., 67 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium R and D field. First year report. Development of an on-line/real-time dioxin measuring system; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu bun'ya. Dioxin no on line real time keisoku sochi no kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With the supersonic molecular jet resonance multiple photon ionization mass analysis method (SSJ method) as basement technology, the development was proceeded with of a portable dioxin spectrometer to measure dioxins emitted from incinerator on line and at real time and to control/improve the state of combustion. Studies were made in the following three fields: 1) development of pico second wavelength variable color laser; 2) development of a flight hour type mass spectrometer; 3) development of the pretreatment technology suitable for analysis of dioxins, precursors, etc. by supersonic molecular jet spectroscopy. In 1), the prototype was fabricated to assess the performance, and it was confirmed that the prototype has the targeted characteristics. In 2), as to the coaxial ionization and ring double skimmer electrode system, the convergence and mass resolution of ion were measured, and a possibility of the commercialization was obtained. In 3), it was confirmed that there is a possibility in rapid pretreatment by alumina fiber filter. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on area consortium research and development business, 2nd year. Area consortium research and development (research and development of process-compatible flexible robot technology); 1998 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu. Kotei tekiogata flexible robot gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 2 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    To increase international competitiveness, the construction of highly productive systems capable of autonomously accommodating changes in manufacturing processes is indispensable. Robot technologies for flexible, robotized manufacturing lines will be established, and robotization will be promoted in industries related with transportation equipment and semiconductor in and near Kumamoto City. Optimization is to be achieved in such processes as IC chip insertion so that piston insertion into a cylinder with but an extremely little gap between them will be performed without scratches on the cylinder walls and that no plastic deformation will occur in the initial lack of positional correspondence. The technological tasks to be carried out include position detection based on visual information and skill making up, micro-force sensor of great precision and flexible force control, coordinated control of different types of robots, flexible handling mechanism, and integration of different techniques based on an information management system. The control of force now being exercised by humans will be reviewed from a new point of view and harmonization will be established between the human endeavor and sensing devices. Conceptual designs will be completed by the fiscal year end, with efforts concentrated on two prototypes, one for assembly lines and the other for IC inspection. (NEDO)

  5. FY 2000 report on the research cooperation project on the research cooperative follow-up for development of the manufacturing technology supported by advanced and integrated information system through cooperation; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. 2000 nendo kan'i sosagata denshi sekkei seisan shien system no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku follow up jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The manufacturing technology supported by advanced and integrated information system through cooperation (MATIC), that is, a project supporting the production technology including the international information system and CAD/CAM system, etc. was carried out from FY 1994 to FY 1998. From FY 1999, the follow-up project is being implemented for the spread of the MATIC results, support for the independent R and D and the technical guidance. China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore participated in this project, by which the support and technical guidance were given in three fields: automobiles/the parts; household electric appliances/the parts; fiber/apparel. At present, each country is continuing its own activity for using the system developed in the MATIC project in its country. In this fiscal year, researchers were sent to each country for supporting the activities. Further, the MATIC follow-up committee was established to conduct the drawing-up of a business plan, grasp of the state of the spread/R and D, discussion about problems/subjects, comprehensive evaluation of the MATIC project, etc. (NEDO)

  6. Study on high quality spectral materials for emitted soft X-ray. Special study on inorganic materials between FY 1991 and FY 1995; Hoshako nan X sen`yo bunko zairyo no kohinshitsuka ni kansuru kenkyu. 1991 nendo - 1995 nendo muki zaishitsu tokubetsu kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-28

    This is No.93 report of National Institute for Research in Inorganic Materials. Single crystal growth of YB66 was investigated to develop the single crystal of YB66 as a spectral material for synchrotron emitted soft X-ray. The emitted light is white light including from visible radiation to hard X-ray. Usually, it is used as homogeneous light through spectra. There are K-absorption edges of Mg and Si in the region ranging from 1 to 2 keV, which is significant for material science. There has been no proper spectral elemental device for application of the emitted spectra. The YB66 is the most suitable for this purpose. For the single crystal growth of high crystalline YB66, high frequency indirect heating floating method has been developed. For the growth furnace, a mechanism has been developed, by which pressurized gas atmosphere can be sealed with magnetic fluid. At the same time, the growth axis can be driven in high accuracy. From evaluation of the elemental device, energy resolution of 0.5{times}10{sup -3} was obtained as expected. By using this spectral device, accurate measurements of XAFS and EXAFS can be conducted with excellent operability for K-absorption edges of Mg and Si. 15 refs., 54 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / development of nano-structured materials for ceramic bearing application (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / ceramic bearing yo nano seigyo zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of developing high efficient ceramic bearing using nano-structured materials, technical development was proceeded with of raw material powder treatment, forming sintering, processing, structural analysis, property evaluation, etc. As to the study of manufacturing of ceramic balls, the following were conducted by the method developed at Osaka Prefectural Institute of Industrial Technology: coprecipitation laminate processing of ZrO2-Al2O3 system to alumina powder at Okumura Crucible Mfg. Co. Ltd., spherial press processing and sintering at Kyocera Co. Ltd., and precise machining at Nippon Pillow Block Mfg., Co. Ltd. The performance as bearing was measured of the ceramic balls obtained such as surface coarseness, sphericity, crush strength and fatigue life. Surface coarseness and sphericity were the same as those of bearing use silicon nitride, but crush strength was considerably low. In the experiment on rolling fatigue strength as bearing, separation occurred within 100 hours even at a load of 100kgf. It is thought that this is because of the pores remaining on the surface, and the measures to be taken for long life were studied. 12 refs., 64 figs., 27 tabs.

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on area consortium research and development business, 1st year. Area consortium energy research and development (molding material processing eco-system using powder lubricant); 1998 nendo chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu bun'ya. Funtai rikei junkatsuzai wo mochiita sokeizai kako eko system no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A material processing technology demanding but low energy and cost and causing low environmental impact was developed using a powder lubricant in a closed metal die system. An inorganic powder excellent in adhesiveness as lubricant was discovered. Powder lubricants for die casting and new carbon lubricants for metal die forging were also developed. In a test in an eco-die casting system, it was found that power was better than water solution in terms of finish and energy efficiency. In the development of a metal forging system using a powder lubricant, existing graphite lubricants and new powder lubricants containing fullerene were subjected to evaluation (ring tests). Two types of graphite solutions now in use and two powder lubricants were evaluated by the ring tests, and this enabled the comprehension of powder lubricant characteristics. For the development of a die casting system requiring no lubricant, a metal die surface treatment method was found that produces a surface excellent in resisting erosion by the application of the aluminizing ion nitriding composite treatment method. In addition, wettability was compared between a PVD (physical vapor deposition)-formed nitride film and the powder lubricant constituents. The report also refers to surveys conducted for commercialization. (NEDO)

  9. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium R and D. Second year report. R and D of a high functional mini production system for small precision machine parts; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki cosortium kenkyu kaihatsu. Kogata seimitsu kikai buhin'yo kokino mini seisan system no kaihatsu kenkyu (dai 2 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Judging that it is the most desirable to use processing systems suitable for product sizes from viewpoints of resource conservation, space saving and energy conservation, the development was proceeded with of machine tools for small precision machine parts (mini production cell). The size of cell is 200x200x200mm, and the working accuracy of the same level as that of the existing machine was targeted. Studies were made in the following 6 fields: 1) development of a total system; 2) design/manufacture/evaluation of mini cell; 3) evaluation of grinding processing cell (first phase) and accuracy control technology; 4) development of small sensor; 5) analysis/evaluation of element cell; 6) study on the basement technology of mini production system. In 2), study was divided into the following: development of grinding processing cell; development of grinding processing cell (second phase); processing performance test; structural analysis. In 6), study was divided into the following: outline of the study; study on micro plasticity processing; study on active type control of the removal amount; robust process design of mini production system. (NEDO)

  10. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy R and D field. Third year report. R and D of a working material processing eco system using powder mold-releasing lubricant; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu bun'ya. Funtai rigata junkatsuzai wo mochiita sokeizai kako eco system no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 3 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of constructing the industry of processing low cost/low environmental load working materials, the development was proceeded with of a block die type powder mold-releasing system. Studies were made in the following 6 fields: 1) optimization/commercialization of new adhesion/flow methods; 2) optimization/commercialization of new powder mold-releasing lubricant; 3) demonstrative experiment and optimization of an eco die cast system; 4) optimization of a powder mold-releasing forging system; 5) application test on the actual mold-releasing lubricant reduction type system; 6) comprehensive investigational study. In 1), studied were a method to integrate the profile of supply pressure of powder conveying air flow and the basic information on adhesion behavior into the practical process, and optimization of powder supply method and supply device control sequence. In 2), the development was made of a sleeve use high thermal insulation type powder mold-releasing lubricant (composed mostly of Al(OH){sub 3}, graphite and wax). This powder mold-releasing lubricant remarkably improved forging ability of the ultra-thin material with 0.4mm thickness and materials with complex shapes and markedly decreased fracture chills. (NEDO)

  11. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy R and D. Third year report. R and D of high grade/low cost mold for rubber/plastic; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu. Gomu plastic yo kohin'i tei cost kanagata no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 3 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    The development was proceeded with of technology to reform the surface of rubber/plastic use mold by ion engineering technology so that the product can be easily taken out without being stained by the material. Concretely, PBII (plasma-based ion implantation) device with high ion implantation efficiency was developed, and surface reforming conditions were studied. Then, from the test using the actual device, the surface reforming technology optimum to mold releasing and mold staining resistance as rubber molding was established. Studies were made of the following: 1) establishment of the optimum mold surface reforming technology; 2) establishment of the mold surface treatment technology using PBII device; 3) improvement of PBII device and optimization of implantation method. In 2), by the surface treatment by implanting nitrogen and fluorine ions into hard chromium plating and aluminum alloys using PBII device, treatment effects were recognized in implantation ability into 3D shape, mold staining resistance and mold releasing in the hard chromium plating treated mold. (NEDO)

  12. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy R and D field. First year report. R and D of distributed power conditioner for photovoltaic power generation use; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu bun'ya. Taiyoko hatsuden'yo bunsangata power conditioner no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    By developing 100W class micro-inverter and putting it to the solar cell panel one by one, a control system is developed by which the maximum output can be obtained as the solar cell system even if the output of individual panels changes by stain and shade. By this system, power generation efficiency is expected to be increased by approximately 10%. In case that power generation of 5 million kW is achieved in FY 2010, energy conservation of about 50,000 kl/year in oil conversion can be expected. In FY 2000, the following were carried out: 1) investigational study of electronic parts; 2) primary trial-fabrication of micro-inverter; 3) various kinds of simulation assuming the inverter parallel operation. In 1), two kinds using the fly-back transformer method and the immittance conversion theory were trial-fabricated. As to the former, the main circuit method was designed to be the fly back type high frequency insulation method, and the control method to be the pulse area modulation method. As to the latter, the current output type power converter was structured by the circuit simulation. (NEDO)

  13. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium energy R and D field. First year report. R and D of distributed power conditioner for photovoltaic power generation use; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium energy kenkyu kaihatsu bun'ya. Taiyoko hatsuden'yo bunsangata power conditioner no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    By developing 100W class micro-inverter and putting it to the solar cell panel one by one, a control system is developed by which the maximum output can be obtained as the solar cell system even if the output of individual panels changes by stain and shade. By this system, power generation efficiency is expected to be increased by approximately 10%. In case that power generation of 5 million kW is achieved in FY 2010, energy conservation of about 50,000 kl/year in oil conversion can be expected. In FY 2000, the following were carried out: 1) investigational study of electronic parts; 2) primary trial-fabrication of micro-inverter; 3) various kinds of simulation assuming the inverter parallel operation. In 1), two kinds using the fly-back transformer method and the immittance conversion theory were trial-fabricated. As to the former, the main circuit method was designed to be the fly back type high frequency insulation method, and the control method to be the pulse area modulation method. As to the latter, the current output type power converter was structured by the circuit simulation. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1981 Sunshine Project research report. Development of hydrothermal power plant. Development of binary cycle power plant (Research on heat cycle and heat medium, materials, and heat medium turbine); 1981 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (netsu cycle oyobi netsubaitai no kenkyu, zairyo no kenkyu narasbini netsubaitai turbine no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This report summarizes the final fiscal 1981 research result on components of the next 10MW class geothermal binary cycle power plant. In the research on heat cycle and heat medium, R-C318 and R-124 were excellent in output characteristics in a low-temperature zone and high-temperature zone in a hot water temperature range of 120-160 degreesC, respectively, however, at present R-114 was most reasonable from the viewpoint of heat medium price and supply system. In the research on martials, study was made on inlet-attack and stress corrosion of heat exchanger pipes of 18Cr-13Ni-2Mo steel, and combination use of inexpensive materials (carbon steel). As used giving attention to stress corrosion, at present 18Cr-13Ni-2Mo steel was most suitable material, while clad carbon steel was also usable. In the research on heat medium turbine, the 1000-hour durability test result of mechanical seal showed that mechanical seal is best for heat medium turbines. (NEDO)

  15. `Joint Research and Development of Industrial Technology,` an international research collaboration for fiscal 1997. Utilization of 3D-woven C/C composite materials to machine components; 1997 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo `sangyo kiban gijutsu kyodo kenkyu kaihatsu`. Sanjigen ori C/C composite zairyo no kikai buhin eno oyo ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A polygonal mirror in a printer and the main shaft of a high-speed milling machine are used as models for the development of technology for applying C/C (carbon/carbon) composite materials to machine components that are required to turn at high speeds. Various C/C composites are tested for flexural strength and thermal expansion for the designing and manufacturing of C/C composites for the polygonal mirror and main shaft. The first coating on the C/C composite is deposited by laser/plasma hybrid spraying, and is a Mo coating. A spraying robot is experimentally built for homogeneous coating. In the case of polygonal mirror, an Al coating is deposited further by the gas-deposition method. The polygonal mirror proves excellent in both dimension and reflectance, and attains the target speed of 45,000rpm. In the case of milling machine main shaft, however, it is not strong enough to withstand 40,000rpm although it is a success from a viewpoint of coating technology and manufacturing technology. 15 refs., 33 figs., 13 tabs.

  16. Fiscal 1997 report of the R and D result of industrial science and technology. R and D on synergy ceramics (R and D on an ultrahigh-temperature gas turbine for power generation); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (hatsuden`yo chokoon gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For development of high-efficiency power generation gas turbines using petroleum substituting energy, the process technology which can highly harmonize conflicting characteristics and various functions was developed for new ceramic materials. This paper summarizes the result in fiscal 1997. On design technology of the characteristics harmonizing process, the design and synthesis of ceramic precursors were made by using chemical reaction of metal organics. On analysis of fracture behavior by controlling microscopic and macroscopic particle shapes, orientations were observed by convergent ion beam. On control technology of a structure formation process, study was made on continuous pore shape control to form porous material with uni-directionally arranged pores in ceramic matrix, interface control between particles to decrease a plastic deformation temperature and improve a heat insulation, interface control between phases of a rare-earth silicate/silicon-carbide-based composite, boundary control between layers of piezoelectric ceramics, and boundary control of the composite where inorganic-organic hybrids occupy the interface between ceramic particles. 79 refs., 193 figs., 15 tabs.

  17. Fiscal 1997 achievement report. Coal liquefaction technology development - Bituminous coal liquefaction technology development - Study for supporting pilot plant - Study using 1t/d PSU (Study of operation using PSU); 1997 nendo seika hokokusho. Sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu - Rekiseitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu - Pilot plant no shien kenkyu - 1t/d process support unit (PSU) ni yoru kenkyu (PSU ni yoru unten kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The operation of a 1t/d PSU (process support unit) was studied for the NEDOL coal liquefaction process. In the modification of facilities, equipment and devices were procured for the product oil reforming facilities and their installation was partly accomplished. In the coal injection operation, a 60-day slurry operation was conducted, using coal types of the upper limit and lower limit qualities, for expanding the scope of coal types applicable to the NEDOL process and for exploring optimum conditions, and another operation of 37 days was conducted using Chinese coal and Chinese-prepared liquefaction catalysts, and the two operations were studied for difference in yields and in operationality. Characteristics of the liquefaction reactors were investigated and basic studies were made relative to the physical property of the yielded coal oil. In the operation for maintenance, the 1st liquefaction reactor was singly operated for an 8-day slurry operation, which was to check the progress of liquefaction in a 1-reactor setup. Concerning the reforming of the product oil, the hydrogenation reactors were checked for their response to temperature control. Moreover, hydrogenation solvents were produced for the PSU and for China. (NEDO)

  18. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program research and development of photovoltaic power systems. Research and development of amorphous solar cells (Research on amorphous silicon defect density); 1981 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Amorphous taiyo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu (Amorphous silicon no kekkan mitsudo no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    So as to determine the energy distribution of defect level density in a-Si, which is indispensable for an optimum solar cell design, the hitherto unclear theoretical relationship between the field effect method and MOS (metal oxide semiconductor) capacity method is made clear, and a unified theory is newly established. A high-speed totally automatic evaluation system is developed, capable of high-accuracy determination of defect levels. For the realization of an a-Si MOS structure required for fulfilling the above purpose, a-Si is grown and then diborane and ammonia are subjected to a glow discharge decomposition process for the formation of a new insulation film. It is found that the material may be utilized for MOS structure construction for defect density evaluation. Studies are conducted on plasma emission spectroscopy and infrared absorption analysis for the elucidation of growth mechanism for the growth of high-quality a-Si. Key radicals in plasma that govern film growth are investigated. It is disclosed that excited hydrogen in plasma plays an important part in microcrystalline phase deposition. It is also disclosed that hydrogenation greatly improves on CVD (chemical vapor deposition) a-Si doping efficiency. (NEDO)

  19. Research and development of basic technologies for the next generation industries. Summary of research achievements in fiscal 1992 (Research and development of superconductor materials and superconductor elements); Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1992 nendo no kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Chodendo zairyo chodendo soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-05-01

    With an objective to establish basic technologies, research and development has been carried out to make it possible to utilize high-temperature superconductor materials in terms of engineering in the fields of electronics and electric power. In the research on superconductor materials in fiscal 1992, it was discovered from measurements of temperature change in polarization dependent EXAFS in thin YBCO film grown on an MgO substrate that relative displacement in copper atoms in CuO{sub 2} plane and peak oxygen, and relative displacement in copper atoms on a primary chain and peak oxygen show apparent increase at the critical superconduction temperature. It was verified that this phenomenon does not occur in materials that do not show superconduction. In the research and development of superconductor elements, full-swing research has begun toward establishing the following technologies: process technologies for a substrate that meets requirement of surface flatness required in electronic elements, a superconductor thin film that assures uniformity in interface composition and the laminated thin film tunnel junction that combines the superconductor thin film, an inter-layer insulation film, and ultra-fine processing to suppress deterioration, and a tunnel element technology as a technology to put the above technologies together. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. R and D of a mobile office system (R and D of next generation mobile business terminals); 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Mobile office system no kenkyu kaihatsu (jisedai keitai joho kiki no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This R and D is aimed firstly at trially developing next generation mobile business terminals (MBT) based on the technical standards of MBT of which the standards were completed in the fiscal 1996 R and D of Mobile Office Promotion Association (MOPA), secondly at developing an evaluation method for trial terminals and establishing the technical standards of MBT through data communication among different terminals and confirmation of application motions, and thirdly at promoting the international standardization. The study was conducted in the following procedures: 1) making of a comprehensive examination-standardization working group, determination of the use of trial terminals and the MBT evaluation method; 2) trial development of the MBT standards and prototypes; 3) study of the MBT evaluation method; 4) evaluation test on the prototypes; 5) comprehensive evaluation. As the fruit of the study, the evaluation/test specifications were completed, and the evaluation tests among different terminals were conducted. As a result of the evaluation test, the transplantation of MBT managers was done almost with no problems. The MBT adaptability evaluation test was also done almost without problems. 6 figs., 6 tabs.

  1. FY 2000 report on the results of the research and development project for new industry creation type industrial science technologies. R and D of the intellectual material and structural systems (R and D of the intellectual material and structural systems); 2000 nendo shinki sangyo soshutsugata sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chiteki kozo system no kenkyu kaihatsu (chiteki kozo system no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 2000 results of the R and D project for development of intellectual materials and structural systems, where the fibrous or leafy sensor material or element (muscle) is integrated with a structure of an advanced material (skeleton) to process and control information (brain). The program for development of the health monitoring technologies successfully improves the fine FRG (Fiber Bragg Grating) as the high-performance sensor, equipped with a connector which allows the sensor to be easily connected to the normal diameter one, and develops various prototype sensors. The program for self-diagnosis of structural soundness and controlling damages verifies detection effectiveness of the embedded fine FRG sensor. The impact-related characteristics and damages of the reinforced flat plate are detected by embedding the optical fiber sensor. The program for developing the actuator materials and elements prepares the 20{mu}m thick piezoelectric sheet of adequate strength and toughness by dispersing the PNN-PZT system with partially stabilized zirconia (PSZ). The program for the function-gradient systems prepares the FGM driven at normal temperature, characterized by its structure of more evenly distributed stress, to evaluate its characteristics. It is proved to have high durability. The results of the comprehensive survey are also described. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 2000 regional consortium research and development project - regional new technology creation research and development. Massive rapid identification of gene functions; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki shingijutsu soshutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Idenshi kino no tairyo jinsoku dotei ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts are exerted to develop a system for massive and rapid identification of unknown genes through the utilization of techniques based on the unusual membrane fusion characteristics of HVJ (hemagglutinating virus of Japan), which enables the introduction of genes efficiently and uniformly into cultured cells and living organs (development into a kit). Activities are conducted in the three fields of (1) the development of a method for introducing genes using an HVJ envelop vector, (2) a survey of kit marketing and cold storage facilities in the selling and distribution of the kit, and (3) a comprehensive survey. In the field of (1), studies are conducted for the establishment of methods for HVJ envelop vector production and refining, the establishment of an optimized method for encapsulating genes into the HVJ envelop vector, and the introduction of genes into cultured central neurons using the HVJ envelop vector system. A refining method has been established, which comprises the inoculation of HVJ into eggs, 4-day culture, egg cutting, liquid sampling (chorioallantoic liquid), inactivation (addition of alkylating agent), filtration, enrichment (ultrafiltration), and an anion exchange chromatogram. (NEDO)

  3. Achievement report on industrial science and technology research and development in fiscal 2000. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Research and development of technology to prevent corrosion in petroleum production systems); 2000 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (sekiyu seisan system fushoku boshi gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Achievements in fiscal 2000 were put into order for research and development of synergy ceramics aimed at completion of high temperature energy materials and ultra-precision materials. Activities were taken in the following four areas: 1) materialization technologies and advanced assessment and design technologies, 2) application technologies, 3) common basic technologies, and 4) assessment on composite function manifestation process. In Item 1), discussions were given on ultra-precision materials, high temperature energy materials, member designing basic technologies, materials to detect stress and microfine destruction, pore pattern controlling porous materials, and self-restoration and self-lubrication functioning materials. In Item 2), discussions were given on material and light selection functioning materials, high abrasion resistant and easy-to-process materials, high performance resistance materials for electric power devices, and flexible sliding materials. In the material and light selection functioning materials, their material selecting function was manifested by controlling micro pores through xerogelation on inorganic and organic hybrids. In the assessment of the composite function manifesting process, the wet type forming process was assessed, that uses microfine powder for model parts assuming cut members. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1991 report on the results of the contract R and D of the human sense measuring application technology. Volume 2. R and D of the physiological effect measuring technology (Part 1); 1991 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho. 2. Seiriteki eikyo keisoku gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    Targets of the total development is to develop technology to non-invasively/simply measure changes in physiological function for physical and mental stimuli and to develop a human sense measuring technology needed to realize 'comfortableness.' As a part of it, the following R and D were conducted in this fiscal year. As to the R and D of skin impedance measuring, measuring methods such as the conducting method and potential method were studied. Further, an experiment with a person to be tested was conducted using the experiment use electrode. And detected were skin impedance changes caused by mental strain stress which were distinguished from changes caused by external environment. As the blink reflection measuring method, the paper took up the eyelid micro-vibration method under consideration and verified effectiveness of the method. The data were acquired using the same person as tested in the above-mentioned experiment when he is not tired, and the extraction of parameters of blink reflection which change according to working loads was studied. As to the continued blood pressure measuring technology, a measuring method which gives no loads on the person tested was studied, and the measuring portion where stable output can be obtained was selected. In addition, small/lightweight continued blood pressure measuring instrument which can be used in daily life was trially manufactured and designed. (NEDO)

  5. Industrial science and technology research and development institutions in fiscal 2000. Research and development of human media (Report on achievements in research and development of high-level information system for petroleum plant); 2000 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (sekiyu plant kodo johoka system gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Having selected a petroleum refining plant as a large and complex system, a system was developed, that is capable of operating safely and efficiently a plant even by young operators by utilizing the human media technology that realizes information environment having a sense of unity with humans. With this system, if an anomaly is detected in the plant condition, the agent and the operator talk with each other freely, and necessary items of information are displayed on a large screen from moment to moment according to the priority thereof. Activities were taken in the following nine areas: 1) the total system, 2) research on an interface agent, 3) research on hypothetic plant indication interface, 4) research on a discrete cooperative treatment technology, 5) research on plant models and interface systems, 6) research on plant ontology, 7) research on significance indication interface, 8) improvement of tools to structure a large-screen integrated indication system, and 9) investigations on technological trends in foreign countries. (NEDO)

  6. `Joint Research and Development of Industrial Technology,` an international research collaboration for fiscal 1997. Research and development for practical application of low-temperature sinterable, highly heat-radiating materials for ceramics; 1997 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo `sangyo kiban gijutsu kyodo kenkyu kaihatsu`. Teion shoketsu kohonetsusei ceramics kiban zairyo no jitsuyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A highly heat-conducting AlN ceramic substrate is developed for the cooling of semiconductor integrated circuit devices and power controlling semiconductor devices. In the development of a low-temperature sinterable ceramic texture, a sintering assistant is selected. In this process various assistants are tested for the effect of their presence on the occurrence of AlN oxidation and on the magnitude of standard energy for aluminate compound formation. The volatility at high temperatures of the components of the assistants are also examined. The sintering assistant developed for this project (mixture of Y2O3, CaO, LaB6, and WO3) is used in the sintering of an AlN material powder developed by The Dow Chemical Co., and then it is demonstrated that highly heat-conducting AlN substrates are mass-produced by continuous sintering at 1600degC in a nitrogen atmosphere, the product having a relative density of 100%, average heat conductivity of 154W/mK, bend resisting strength of 440MPa, and a fracture toughness value of 3.8MPam{sup 1/2}. 6 refs., 92 figs., 10 tabs.

  7. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the R and D of industrial scientific technology. R and D of synergistic ceramics (R and D of corrosion prevention technology for the petroleum production system); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (sekiyu seisan system fushoku boshi gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    To heighten durability and safety of materials/parts for undersea oil drilling, the development of ceramic base materials was made by developing function harmony type process technology which harmonizes on a high grade contrary characteristics and various functions. The paper summed up the fiscal 1997 results. In the design of system formation, computational simulation technology was developed to the composite process and the diploid system. The development of multifunction simultaneous manifestation materials was trially made by the higher nano structure process. A study was made of control of microstructures of porous materials and matrix filling by the gas phase precipitation control. Proposed were selective control of grain growth from species crystals and the columnar particle orientation laminated structure of simultaneous manifestation of strength and toughness. By composite precipitation reaction control, studied were simultaneous dispersion of whisker and increase in density of matrixes, and harmonization with long fibers. Silicon nitride was trially made with low lubrication/friction coefficients and high strength. A simulation method for crack progress behavior evaluation was developed using a testing notched specimen heterogeneous microstructures. Analyses were made of brittle fracture mechanics and reliability evaluation. 273 refs., 344 figs., 29 tabs.

  8. Reports on 1977 result of Sunshine Project. Research for detailed design of coal gasification plant (studies on operating conditions 'pressurized hydro-fluidized gasification method', dissolution of research equipment); 1977 nendo sekitan gas ka plant no shosai sekkei no tame no shiken kenkyu seika hokokusho. Unten joken no kenkyu 'kaatsu suiten ryudo gas ka hoshiki' kenkyu kaitai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-03-31

    The pressurized hydro-fluidized gasification method is such that coal is hydro-gasified under a pressure of 30kg/cm{sup 3} to produce a methane-rich calorie gas. This method is a combination of three independent processes, namely, (1) thermal cracking of coal, (2) hydrogasification of thermally decomposed product, and (3) water gasification for self-contained hydrogen, and is a continuous gasification method in which all processes are operated in a fluidized bed. In fiscal 1976, an operation technique was found in which conditions suitable for each reaction purpose were given to a detached thermal cracking furnace and hydrogasification furnace and in which continuous gasification was still maintained without an adverse effect between the two furnaces. This year, the continuous gasification test will be implemented successively, determining suitable operating conditions for the purpose of increasing methane concentration and improving gasification efficiency, and concurrently extracting device-related problems that impair the continuous operation. With the aim of obtaining a self-contained system for hydrogen, water gasification tests will be conducted, with the optimum conditions determined for the water gasification. An operation test will be carried out for an internal heat type control box, so that the functions under pressurization, durability and operation criteria will be determined. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1996 report on the R and D result of industrial science and technology. R and D synergy ceramics (R and D on synergy ceramics); 1996 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper summarizes the general survey mainly conducted by FCRA (Fine Ceramics Research Association) in fiscal 1996, and the joint research results with some universities, from some R and D on synergy ceramics. Silicon nitride based ceramics expressed the same high thermal conductivity as metal by seed crystal addition, grain growth control and orientation control of sheet lamination. For its practical use, study was made on control factors of material, formation and sintering. Ca2Y2Si2O9 single crystal was prepared by float-zone method to determine its crystal structure. No volume change due to high-temperature phase transition as thermal expansion was found. In carbothermal reduction- nitridation of SiO2, addition of Si3N4 seed powder increased a reaction rate and formed uniform particles with an isotropic shape. An average particle size was dependent on the size and number of fine particles in seed powder. Addition of both Si3N4 and Fe compound could change a particle shape from a spherical grain to an elongated grain. A spherical Fe-Si metal grain was found on the tip of an elongated grain. 66 refs., 73 figs., 13 tabs.

  10. FY 1998 report on the results of the R and D of industrial science technology. R and D of 'carbon-base high functional material technology' (R and D of the submarine oil production support system); 1998 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tansokei kokino zairyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (kaitei sekiyu seisan shien system kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    For the R and D of carbon-base high functional materials, the paper reported on (1) material creation technology and (2) creation of mechanically high functional materials. In (1), the synthesis of new BCN-base materials is conducted by the electronic excitation CVD method and high temperature/high pressure (explosive synthesis) with the aim of analyzing the composition/structure. Using energy-controlled ion beams and laser beams, the synthesis of new CN-base materials and analysis of composition/structure are aimed at. By the thermal CVD method using catalysts, a method to synthesize a quantity of nanotubes is aimed at. The paper is aimed at clarifying the reaction mechanism on the material conversion of carbonaceous materials relating to the above-mentioned three methods and the appearance mechanism of characteristics of carbonaceous materials. (2) is composed of the following three subjects: composition gradient film formation technology, complicated shape film formation/micro-processing technology, and large area film formation. These three subjects were studied to positively make use of characteristics such as low friction/low abrasion and high temperature corrosion resistance which can be expected in amorphous carbon, diamond and high functional carbon materials of carbon nitride and to apply them to moving parts of various industrial machines and surface protection of construction materials such as glass, etc. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1980 Sunshine Project research report. Development of hydrothermal power plant. Development of binary cycle power plant (Research on heat cycle, heat medium, material and heat medium turbine); 1980 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (netsu cycle oyobi netsubaitai no kenkyu, zairyo no kenkyu narabini netsubaitai turbine no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1980 research result on each element of the next 10MW class geothermal binary cycle power plant, following last year. In the research on heat cycle and heat medium, measurement was made on the liquid density, vapor density, liquid specific heat, vapor specific heat and thermal conductivity of 8 heat media to prepare the precise pressure enthalpy chart. The thermal stability of each medium was also measured under a flow condition. The heat cycle of each medium was calculated in a hydrothermal temperature range of 120-160 degrees C for evaluation of its output. In the research on material, field corrosion test and laboratory simulation were made on 3 kinds of heat exchanger martials for acidic hot water to study the corrosion behavior of welding members. In the research on heat medium turbine, study was made on sealing characteristics such as differential pressure, flow rate and friction of sealing oil for oil film seal and mechanical seal as shaft seal devices of heat medium turbines for the 10MW class geothermal plant. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1991 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. Construction and operation of the prototype system (Researches on systematization); 1981 nendo super heat pump energy shuseki system kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. System shisaku unten kenkyu (system ka kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This research and development program includes the conceptual designs of and simulation studies on the super heat pump energy accumulation systems, to realize 30,000 kW-class commercial-scale plant. The district air conditioning and hot water supply by the plant of the above size are studied for the domestic area, including houses, office buildings, commercial facilities, and accommodations. The results indicate that the system has both merits and demerits, and should be further investigated for improvement. The merits include reduced power consumption by the heat pump, because of its high efficiency, reduction in the running cost, and increased ratio of late-night power, and the demerits include increased power consumption by the pumps for the heat source, increased initial costs of the facilities, and increased space-related cost. The industrial plants studied for application of the super heat pump energy accumulation system are those for production of corn starch, distilled sake and diary products. The other items studied include analysis/evaluation of economic distance for carrying heat source water, and improvement of simulator functions. (NEDO)

  13. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program research and development of photovoltaic power systems. Research and development of amorphous solar cells (Research and development of production of low-cost monosilane); 1981 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Amorphous taiyo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu (tei cost monosilane seizoho no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    A low-cost production method is developed for monosilane as a cell film material, 99.9995% pure at a manufacturing cost of 4,500 yen/kg (100 ton/year unit). An experimental unit with a maximum capacity of 1m{sup 3}/H (1 ton/month) gas production is built, and whether it is practical will be clarified by the end of fiscal 1983. The whole monosilane production process, consisting of the electrolysis of eutectic liquid of Li chloride and K chloride, hydrogenation of Li to be generated by the electrolysis, and the generation of monosilane through the reaction of the hydrogenated Li and silicon tetrachloride, proceeds in one large molten salt tub. The chlorine from the electrolysis and Si as material comes into reaction in a salination furnace for the generation of silicon tetrachloride to be supplied to the process. Minor tests are made involving pressure control, distance between the electrodes and the effect of the diaphragm, stirring in the hydrogenation chamber, dust in the monosilane generation chamber, and the insulation of the cathode lead rod, and the results are reflected on the process of experimental unit designing and building. The unit has harm neutralizing facilities for safety assurance because much hydrogen and a little chloride are consumed while the unit is in operation, with some silicon tetrachloride to be retained in the unit. An infrared absorption method is used to analyze impurities in the monosilane gas, when the method exhibits a capability of detecting 2ppm of methane. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on research and development of industrial technologies. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Research and development of ultrahigh temperature gas turbine for power generation); 2000 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (hatsuden'yo chokoon gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The fruits of fiscal 2000 efforts to develop high temperature energy materials and ultraprecision materials are briefly described. Activities are conducted in the four fields of (1) materials derivation and advanced evaluation/design technologies, (2) application technologies, (3) common base technologies, and (4) multifunction realization process evaluation. Discussed in field (1) are high temperature energy materials, high performance active materials, fundamental technologies for member designing, active materials for dealing with environmental gas, silicon based high resistance energy materials, porous multiple layer ceramic materials, macro-/micro-scale stress analysis technology, and microfracture analysis technology. Discussed in field (2) are heat resistant and damage tolerant materials, heat shielding materials and energy absorbing materials, and nanofilter materials capable of selective separation. In the study of active materials specific for environmental gas, a catalyst is developed, stable at high temperatures and capable of treating NOx selectively. The catalyst is a layered product comprising Ba hexaaluminate layers and stabilized zirconia layers. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on research and development of industrial technologies. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Research and development of ultrahigh temperature gas turbine for power generation); 2000 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (hatsuden'yo chokoon gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The fruits of fiscal 2000 efforts to develop high temperature energy materials and ultraprecision materials are briefly described. Activities are conducted in the four fields of (1) materials derivation and advanced evaluation/design technologies, (2) application technologies, (3) common base technologies, and (4) multifunction realization process evaluation. Discussed in field (1) are high temperature energy materials, high performance active materials, fundamental technologies for member designing, active materials for dealing with environmental gas, silicon based high resistance energy materials, porous multiple layer ceramic materials, macro-/micro-scale stress analysis technology, and microfracture analysis technology. Discussed in field (2) are heat resistant and damage tolerant materials, heat shielding materials and energy absorbing materials, and nanofilter materials capable of selective separation. In the study of active materials specific for environmental gas, a catalyst is developed, stable at high temperatures and capable of treating NOx selectively. The catalyst is a layered product comprising Ba hexaaluminate layers and stabilized zirconia layers. (NEDO)

  16. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Research and development of a technology to promote non-ferrous metal based material recycling. (Research on component technologies and a total system); 1998 nendo hitetsu kinzokukei sozai recycle sokushin gijutsu seika hokokusho. Kenkyu kaihatsu yoso gijutsu kenkyu, total system kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project is intended to research and develop a high level aluminum recycling technology to realize the 'product to product' philosophy to return different aluminum scraps into the original materials, while attempting to develop and unify the aluminum recycling technologies and promote utilization of LNG. This fiscal year has studied the following methods as the component technology research: (1) an inclusion removing method, (2) a crystal sorting method, (3) a vacuum distillation method, and (4) a semi-melting method. The studies on (1), (2) and (3) were performed on identification of basic data and systematization to determine the life and facility specifications, with the full-swing demonstration tests being waited to start in fiscal 1999. The research and development on the item (4) was determined technologically feasible although additional discussions are required on the engineering aspect for practical application. The component technology study thereon will be finished with the current fiscal year. For the demonstration tests among the studies on total system technologies, the crystal sorting method and the vacuum distillation method had the achievements obtained in the research of the component technologies reflected directly to the facility design and fabrication. There has been no large-scale facility fabrication for the inclusion removing method and effective utilization of ash remaining in dross, and the researches were performed as scheduled. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1991 report on the results of the contract R and D of the human sense measuring application technology. Volume 2. R and D of the physiological effect measuring technology (Part 1); 1991 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho. 2. Seiriteki eikyo keisoku gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    Targets of the total development is to develop technology to non-invasively/simply measure changes in physiological function for physical and mental stimuli and to develop a human sense measuring technology needed to realize 'comfortableness.' As a part of it, the following R and D were conducted in this fiscal year. As to the R and D of skin impedance measuring, measuring methods such as the conducting method and potential method were studied. Further, an experiment with a person to be tested was conducted using the experiment use electrode. And detected were skin impedance changes caused by mental strain stress which were distinguished from changes caused by external environment. As the blink reflection measuring method, the paper took up the eyelid micro-vibration method under consideration and verified effectiveness of the method. The data were acquired using the same person as tested in the above-mentioned experiment when he is not tired, and the extraction of parameters of blink reflection which change according to working loads was studied. As to the continued blood pressure measuring technology, a measuring method which gives no loads on the person tested was studied, and the measuring portion where stable output can be obtained was selected. In addition, small/lightweight continued blood pressure measuring instrument which can be used in daily life was trially manufactured and designed. (NEDO)

  18. FY 1996 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on R/D of organosilicon polymers; 1996 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    Organosilicon polymers are highly innovative materials having high performance and novel functions, and they can be widely applied. The purpose of this study is to establish fundamental techniques for molecular design, synthesis, material processing and evaluation of organosilicon polymers having excellent electro- and photo-functions, and advanced heat-proof, fire-proof and mechanical properties. This R/D includes (1) R/D of electrical conducting materials by organosilicon polymers, (2) R/D of novel organosilicon polymers applicable to direct lithography, (3) R/D of new silicon-based polymer materials with electro-luminous function, and (4) R/D of silicon-based polymers for new photoconductive materials. In (1), synthesis of highly conjugated polymers is investigated. In (2), novel organosilicon polymeric materials have been developed, which would be applicable to direct lithography of electronic circuits, and which could contribute to simplification of the circuit formation process. In (3), the research aims at development of new silicon-based polymer materials with luminescent function which can be applied to the large size electro-luminescent display devices. In (4), new materials with visible light absorption have been synthesized through the molecular design and synthesis. The photo-carrier generation was observed. 107 refs., 86 figs., 23 tabs.

  19. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (atom technology). The R and D aims at establishment of observation/manipulation technology of atoms and molecules as common basic technology in various industrial fields such as new material, electronics, bio-technology and chemistry. The R and D thus aims at establishment of observation/manipulation of solid surfaces and DNA organic molecules, formation of fine structures of atomic surface arrangement, and calculation/ simulation for predicting a reaction theorem of atom and molecule surfaces. In fiscal 1997, research was made on improvement and development of computer simulation environment, and description of an excited state of electrons by Green function. Establishment of a construction method and computation code is under investigation for pseudo- potential dependent on excitation energy. Survey was made on research trends of the atom technology by visiting overseas academic societies and institutions. International Symposium on Atom Technology was also held in Tokyo in Nov. 1997

  20. Achievement report for fiscal 1984 on Sunshine Program-entrusted research and development. Research and development of photovoltaic power system (Research and development of amorphous solar cells - Research on defect density in amorphous silicon); 1984 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Amorphous taiyo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu (amorphous silicon no kekkan mitsudo no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-01

    For the development of high-efficiency, large-area, long-life, and low-cost solar cells, research is conducted on new methods of film formation and defect evaluation. Concerning the kinetics of Si thin film, a radical beam deposition method is proposed as a new low-temperature thin film growth method. Using the new method, a {mu}c-Si film is manufactured, through only a purely radical substrate surface reaction of chemically active, electrically neutral excited species. In research on the amorphous semiconductor superlattice, a new study is conducted on a multilayer, cyclic-structure superlattice consisting of thin films of a-Si:H and a-Si{sub 1-x}N{sub x}:H. In the research on an a-Si:H film formed by the direct photo-CVD (chemical vapor deposition) of disilane, the unit is improved and B and P are successfully doped by means of decompressed photo-CVD. In the evaluation of new materials for solar cells, research is conducted on the after-annealing characteristics of a-Si:H grown at a high speed, electrical characteristics of post-hydrogenated low boron-doped CVD a-Si, and microcrystalline SiGe alloys made by the spattering plasma CVD method. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1999 cooperation program - Comprehensive research cooperation in environmental technology. Research cooperation in toxic/hazardous waste management in the Laguna de Bay region; 1999 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo gijutsu sogo kenkyu kyoryoku - Raguna ko chiiki ni okeru yudoku yugai haikibutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of establishing preventive measures for water contamination in the Laguna de Bay region, the Philippines, where the water contamination is in progress and the eutrophication is feared, a research cooperation project was carried out on the water quality contamination monitoring technology (measuring method/analysis method/prediction method). In the survey of the state of generation of toxic/hazardous waste, the following were grasped based on the existing data: amount of use of toxic/hazardous substances in factories, state of generation of waste, situation of the processing/disposal, etc. In the detailed survey of the situation of pollution in the Laguna de Bay region, specimens of water quality and bottom material were collected from the lake and rivers thereinto, and qualitative/quantitative analysis of contaminants was made using atomic absorption spectrophotometer and gaschromatograph mass spectrometer. As to the evaluation of pollutant sources and control method, the paper conducted the introduction of measures generally taken against pollutant sources, study of a method to grasp the behavior of contaminants by the environmental assessment method for the closed water area, etc. The training was also conducted for researchers/engineers widely in charge of management of toxic/hazardous waste in the Philippines. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1996 achievement report. Coal liquefaction technology development - Bituminous coal liquefaction technology development - Study for supporting pilot plant - Study using 1t/d PSU (Study of operation using PSU); 1996 nendo seika hokokusho. Sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu - Rekiseitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu - Pilot plant no shien kenkyu - 1t/d process support unit (PSU) ni yoru kenkyu (PSU ni yoru unten kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The operation of a 1t/d PSU (process support unit) was studied for the NEDOL coal liquefaction process. In the modification of facilities, detailed designs were prepared for product oil reforming facilities and some equipment and devices were procured. In addition, the 3rd liquefaction reactor cone section and the neutron attenuation-aided measuring device were refurbished. In the injection of coal, a 62-day and 23-day slurry injection operations were accomplished using Tanito Harum coal, when the impact imposed on the yield of the product, etc., by the change of liquefaction catalysts and by gas phase hydrogen concentration enriching conditions was investigated, and the unit was examined for operationality. During a 42-day operation for maintenance, the unit was operated using only the slurry heater for the investigation of the initial reaction in liquefaction, and studies were conducted about the heater exit temperature, G/L (gas-liquid ratio), and the effect to ensue from the use of a different solvent. In the effort to develop and evaluate new materials, implantation tests were conducted for metallic materials and the 3rd liquefaction reactor was subjected to a non-destructive inspection. Wastewater from the process was examined for quality, and environment-related measurements were performed for the atmosphere. (NEDO)

  3. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program research and development of photovoltaic power systems. Research and development of amorphous solar cells (Research and development of technologies for enlarging amorphous solar cell area); 1981 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Amorphous taiyo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu (amorphous taiyo denchi no daimensekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    In the basic studies of large-area a-Si film formation technologies, the validity is discussed of the evaluation technique using plasma optical emissions spectrometry (OES) employed for the achievement of the intended film qualities. The film forming condition that exerts the greatest influence on the plasma state relative to OES is the power of discharge, and correlations are found to exist between specific emission intensity, infrared absorption level, and photoconductivity of the film. It is found that a P- or B-doped Si:H/SiC:H film is suitable as the material for the window layer on the light-receiving surface of the solar cell. Materials are studied for the i-layer responsible for photo carrier generation, isolation, and acceleration. Studies are also conducted on fluorine-containing film. In the efforts at designing and building solar cells, ITO (indium-tin oxide)/n-i-p/SS (reversed type) cells are analyzed, designing is carried out for transparent electrode film thickness optimization, window effect in stainless substrate cells is improved, glass substrate cells are experimentally built and analyzed, large-area solar cell properties are improved, interaction between the substrate and a-Si is studied, and reliability tests are conducted. For cost reduction, it is necessary to develop technologies of automated production of simplified-structure modules using low-cost materials. Basic matters are taken up for discussion. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1998 achievement report. Coal liquefaction technology development - Bituminous coal liquefaction technology development - Study for supporting pilot plant - Study using 1t/d PSU (Study of operation using PSU); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu - Rekiseitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu - Pilot plant no shien kenkyu - 1t/d process support unit (PSU) ni yoru kenkyu (PSU ni yoru unten kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    The operation of a 1t/d PSU (process support unit) was studied for the NEDOL coal liquefaction process. For the modification of facilities, product oil reforming facilities were installed. In the coal injection operation, a 59-day slurry operation was carried out using Tanito Harum coal, which was for the evaluation of the reforming effect under the product reforming conditions, operationality, and liquefaction characteristics. A 37-day slurry operation was also performed using Chinese coal, which was intended to pursue improved cost performance and to collect the light oil fraction in the flow of reforming operation. In the operation for maintenance, investigations were conducted into conditions for hydrogenation in a 1-through operation involving the solvent hydrogenation process and the normal pressure distillation facilities and into the effect of pre-hydrogenation solvent properties, which aimed at grasping the effect of product oil reforming measures and their influence on operationality. In the survey of environments, the properties of wastewater from the liquefaction process using Tanito Harum coal were studied and toxicity evaluation tests were conducted for activated sludge. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1991 research report. Research trend survey for next-generation industrial structure technology research and development project - Research and development of advanced materials for extreme environments; 1991 nendo jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu project ni kakawaru kenkyu doko chosa hokokusho. Chotaikankyosei senshin zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (sekitoku daiene)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    Efforts were exerted to develop intermetallic compounds and C/C (carbon/carbon) composites to serve as advanced materials for extreme environments. In relation with advanced materials, especially with intermetallic compounds and fiber reinforced intermetallic compound composite materials, a technical research survey was conducted covering the three fields of (1) summarization of activities conducted up to fiscal 1991, (2) contents of associated aerospace projects, and (3) aeroengine components. In Field (1), the ground on which the project was created and the project's basic plans, goals, and systems, and its ripple effects are discussed, and the fruits produced so far are summarized. In Field (2), aeroengine component related projects of America, Britain, France, Germany, and Japan are investigated. In Field (3), aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, alloy steel, superalloys, intermetallic compounds, and intermetallic compound composite materials are discussed with attention paid to their current status and future trend, characteristics they are supposed to finally assume, and technical tasks to discharge for the development of technologies concerned. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1986 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. System construction and operational study results (Systemization studies); 1986 nendo super heat pump energy shuseki system kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. System shisaku unten kenkyu (system ka kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-03-01

    The studies on combinations of high-performance compression heat pump and chemical heat accumulation systems are conducted to construct the optimum systems for air conditioning/hot water supply for large-sized buildings and local districts, and also for industrial processes. For partial optimization of super heat pump (SPH) accumulation system, the SPH operational mode is changed to find the optimum conditions. As a result, it is found that system efficiency is the highest, and hence the power cost is the lowest, when the system is continuously operated night and day, followed by 2-night/1-day mode and night alone mode, in this order, for office building air conditioning, district air conditioning, and hot water supply. The effects of combination of SHP and chemical heat accumulation systems incorporated in an industrial process for heating are estimated. The results indicate that power load leveling effect is not 100% but 92%, even when the heat required for the daytime operation is totally supplied from the chemical accumulation system. The skeleton of the super heat pump accumulation system simulator is finalized, and the elementary system modules are developed, to allow simulation of general flows. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1997 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on R/D of organosilicon polymers; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to establish fundamental techniques for molecular design, synthesis, material processing and evaluation of organosilicon polymers having excellent electro- and photo-functions, and advanced heat-proof, fire-proof and mechanical properties. This R/D includes (1) R/D of electrical conducting materials by organosilicon polymers, (2) R/D of novel organosilicon polymers applicable to direct lithography, (3) R/D of new silicon-based polymer materials with electro-luminous function, and (4) R/D of silicon-based polymers for new photoconductive materials. In (1), synthesis method of regular polymers with a 3-D structure was developed. Non-volatile dopants were developed, and structures of polymer-dopant composites could be controlled. In (2), precise control of conductivity was examined. Material processing and evaluation techniques were also examined through stabilization of polysilane thin films, optimization of pattern forming conditions, and precision of patterns. In (3), new silicon-based polymers have been synthesized. In (4), two kinds of polymers have been synthesized for development of materials with high photo-carrier generation efficiency and high mobility. 72 refs., 71 figs., 22 tabs.

  8. FY 2000 research cooperation project on the comprehensive research cooperation for environmental technology. Research cooperation for technology for prevention of the water pollution caused by plant waste water in Vietnam; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo gijutsu sogo kenkyu kyoryoku (Betonamu koku kojo haisui ni yoru suishitsu osen boshi taisaku gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu hokoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of increasing the research capability of the Center for Consultancy, Training and Technology Transfer in Vietnam, research cooperation for prevention of water pollution was given for plants of the local industry located in the suburbs of Hanoi city. In the survey of the actual state of the water pollution in the industrial area in the suburbs of Hanoi city, the following was found out: In the area, approximately 110 companies of the production industry such as livestock feed, papermaking, dyeing, brewing, construction materials, etc. are in operation and are discharging the untreated waste water into rivers and waterways because waste water treatment facilities are not prepared yet. In this research cooperation, the following were carried out: detailed survey of specified plants and proposal for improvement, training of Vietnamese researchers/engineers in charge of water pollution prevention technology, invitation to/training at Japan of Vietnamese managers/researchers, seminar to be held on the site, equipment to be given that is needed to measure water quality. The equipment to be given is a portable multi-item water quality meter and analytical equipment such as spectrometer, atomic absorption spectrophotometer and gas chromatograph. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1991 research report. Research trend survey for next-generation industrial structure technology research and development project - Research and development of advanced materials for extreme environments; 1991 nendo jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu project ni kakawaru kenkyu doko chosa hokokusho. Chotaikankyosei senshin zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (sekitoku sekiyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    Efforts were exerted to develop intermetallic compounds and advanced C/C (carbon/carbon) composite materials usable under extreme environments such as high temperatures. In relation with advanced composite materials, especially with projects for developing composite materials using oil as raw material, a survey was conducted of the three fields of (1) summarization of activities conducted up to fiscal 1991, (2) contents of associated aerospace projects, and (3) oil based composite material technology. In Field (1), past achievements are summarized. In Field (2), aerospace projects under way across the world are broken down by airframe and engine, and are reviewed from the viewpoint of needs for materials. In Field (3), the present and future of heat resisting thermosetting composite materials, thermoplastic composite materials, and C/C composites are discussed. Characteristics such materials are supposed to finally assume and tasks to discharge for technical development are also taken up. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1999 report on the research and development project of industrial scientific technology - quantum functional devices. Systematical arrangement of the development technology (FY 1991 - 1999); 1999 nendo ryoshika kino soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu. Kaihatsu sareta gijutsu no keitoteki seiri (1991 nendo kara 1999 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The FY 1991 to 1999 R and D results of quantum functional devices are systematically summarized. The basic action of the MIM-based single electron tunneling devices is succeeded for the first time in the world. The quantum fine-wire device transistor is realized. The surface tunnel transistor is proposed, application to action demonstration and memories is suggested, and possibility of applicability to multi-value logic circuits is suggested. The multi-emitter RHET is developed to have one device provided with memory and multi-input logic functions, and increase integration 10 times. The TSR quantum dot HEMT memory is developed on a trial basis, to demonstrate 150 K action. The principle of a tera-bit class high-capacity memory is demonstrated using the InAs dot memory. Integration of the quantum band-bonded multi-functional device is described. Possibility is demonstrated for the Si insulation film tunnel device multi-value memory, working on the principle of tunneling between bands via the Si insulation film. The integrated quantum dot functional memory and polariton switch are also described. The single electron logic circuit works for the first time in the world. The integrated CMOS/SET device, which uses high driving force of CMOS, is proposed. (NEDO)

  11. Report on research results of the FY 2000 medical/engineering cooperative research project. Fundamental research on microelectrode-aided gene information measurement system (Research and development of gene diagnostic system using superhigh-sensitivity microelectrode DNA chip ECA - electrochemical array); 2000 nendo igaku kogaku renkeigata kenkyu jigyo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Bisho denkyoku riyo idenshi joho keisoku system ni kansuru kiban kenkyu (chokokandogata bisho denkyoku DNA chip ECA (denki kagaku allay) wo mochiita idenshi shindan system no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The fundamental research is conducted for developing the microelectrode on which a synthetic oligonucletide probe is immobilized, and for establishing the system capable of detecting the hybrid formation simply and quickly, in order to develop the advanced DNA chips for diagnosis. The project results include development of the prototype array electrode with 25 1mm-diameter gold electrodes uniformly arranged at intervals of 4.5mm; development of the electrochemical activity analyzer for multi-electrode systems, showing the performance almost on a level with that of the existing electrochemical analyzer for the single-electrode systems; establishment of the gene databases; development of the method which can produce a sufficient quantity of nucleic acid for DNA chip analysis by studying the method of preparing the nucleic acid from the blood serum, preparing RNA from a trace quantity of the living liver sample and amplifying the genes, wherein the nucleic acid is produced while its profile before the amplification is kept intact; and establishment of the method for detecting the hepatitis B virus by combining the electrochemical detection of DNA by a non-immobilized probe with the PCR method. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1991 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. Material for explanation (Construction and operation of the prototype system - researches on elementary techniques and construction and operation of the pilot system); Super heat pump energy shuseki system no kenkyu kaihatsu 1991 nendo seika hokokusho. Setsumei shiryo (system shisaku unten kenkyu (yoso gijutsu no kenkyu / pilot system no shisaku unten kenkyu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-05-01

    Summarized herein are R and D results of the researches on the super heat pump energy accumulation system, obtained from FY 1985 to 1991. For R and D of the super high performance compression heat pumps, the R and D results of the elementary techniques and bench and pilot plant operation are summarized for the highly efficient type (for heating) and highly efficient type (for cooling and heating), and high temperature type (utilizing high temperature heat source) and high temperature type (utilizing low temperature heat source). Described are patent application list, designated know-hows, and conclusions. For the elementary equipment and working fluids, the R and D results are summarized for the evaporators for mixed solvents, EHD condensers, and working fluids (alcohol-based fluids and application characteristics of new fluids) and working fluids (nonalcohol-based fluids and basic properties of new fluids). For the chemical heat storage techniques, the R and D results are summarized for the high temperature heat storage type (utilizing metathesis reactions, ammonia complexes and hydration reactions), and low temperature heat storage type (utilizing clathrates, hydration by solute mixing and solvation). (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the study under a consignment from NEDO of environmental friendly type metal base-materials recycling utilization basic technology and element/overall process. For public; 1996 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko kyodo kenkyu itaku. Kankyo chowagata kinzokukei sozai kaisei riyo kiban gijutsu no kenkyu: yoso sogo process kenkyu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A study of `the next generation new iron steel making process` was conducted in which impurity elements in scrap are removed and recycled into high quality steel making materials, and at the same time total emissions are reduced during the process from scrap melting to steel making. The paper reported the fiscal 1996 results. In the study of the scrap recycling process, conducted were a study of the total system to remove impurities in the high temperature preheating furnace, a large scale experiment of de-coaling combined type de-coppering/de-tinning under reduced pressure of iron melting, a study of recycling technology of dust to the scrap melting furnace, etc. In the study on preheating/melting technology, a study of the scrap melting furnace of high-productivity/low-energy vertical type, a study of the scrap preheating method using the packed bed type preheating furnace, a study on the flue gas control at the time of preheating/melting, a study of the fast assessment method for organic compounds in flue gas, etc. In the evaluation of the total system, a study of preheating/melting/environmental systems using experimental plants. 20 refs., 23 figs., 10 tabs.

  14. Achievement report on developing superconductor power applied technologies in fiscal 1999 (2). Research and development of superconductor wire materials, research and development of superconductor power generators, research of total systems, research and development of freezing systems, and verification tests; 1999 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu / chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu / total system no kenkyu / reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu / jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to achieve higher efficiency, higher density, and higher stability in power systems, research and development has been performed on superconductor power generators. This paper summarizes the achievements thereof in fiscal 1999. A verification test was given on the rotor of an ultra high speed responding generator. In a sudden short circuit test using the different phase charging method, no anomalies were found such as quench generation and vibration changes, wherein the healthiness of the generator was verified. In the VVVF actuation test, knowledge was acquired on the actuation method when the ultra high speed responding generator is applied to a combined cycle plant. After the verification test has been completed, the disassembly inspections such as visual check and non-destructive test were performed. With regard to the vacuum leakage found in the rotor under very low temperatures, the causes were presumed and the countermeasures were discussed by observing the weld structures. In the design research, the conception design on the 200-MW pilot generator was reviewed by reflecting the results of the verification tests on the model generator. At the same time, trial design was made on a 600-MW target generator. In summarizing the overall research achievements, the achievements and evaluations were summarized on technological issues that have been allotted to each research member. (NEDO)

  15. Report on results for fiscal 1996 on development of superconducting electric power application technology. Pt. 2. R and D of superconducting wire, R and D of superconducting generator, studies on total system, R and D of refrigeration system, and verification test; 1996 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    In fiscal 1996, the initial cooling test and rotary excitation test were conducted for the 70,000kW slow-response type model machine, with the basic characteristics of the rotor verified such as the cooling characteristics, shaft vibration characteristics, mechanical strength, and superconductivity stability, and with the results of the studies explained. The rotor of the 70,000kW slow-response type model was installed in the test site, and the field test was carried out in 1997. For this purpose, research test was performed by the element technology of the model machine and the partial model. The technological development items, trial manufacture and test items were field winding, multi cylindrical rotor and damper. Upon the test results using the element and partial model, the design and manufacturing were implemented of the superconducting generator of a slow-response type excitation method with the output of 70,000kW class. Performed were the basic characteristic test, long-term operation test and severity test on the assumption of abnormality, verifying the characteristics and reliability of the generator as well as obtaining data concerning an excessive electromagnetic force and heat generation. From the test data and the analysis/evaluation results obtained on the model machine, the 200,000kW class pilot machine was reviewed in the conceptual design. (NEDO)

  16. Report on results for fiscal 1997 on development of superconducting electric power application technology. Pt. 1. R and D of superconducting wire, R and D of superconducting generator, studies on total system, R and D of refrigeration system, and verification test; 1997 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    This report explains the outline as Part 1. In fiscal 1997, the 10th year of the project, a multi cylindrical rotary model for which an in-situ verification test was finished was brought back to the plant and dismantled for examination, while the in-situ verification test of a slow-response type model machine rotor was conducted in combination with a refrigeration system. In addition, in the research of AC wire materials and oxide based materials, studies were made with a purpose of high characterization and long wire materialization. In the metallic materials, a 10kANbTi conductor was developed while, in oxide-based materials, research was done on performance improvement and wire materialization based on various synthesizing methods. The manufacturing, factory test and in-situ text were conducted for a 70,000kW model machine with the purpose of R and D of a 200,000kW class pilot machine. Examination was made on the test method of the 70,000kW class model machine, operation technology of a superconducting generation system, and the effect of introducing the superconducting generator into a power system. In the conventional refrigeration system, a single unit test was carried out for the liquefaction, liquid storing capacity, etc., of the system. The 70,000kW class model machine was put through a test for confirming the general operation including the refrigeration system. (NEDO)

  17. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on the development of superconductor power application technology. 2. Research and development of superconducting wire and superconductive power generator, research of total system, research and development of refrigeration system, and verification test; 1998 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total sytsem no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The slow excitation response type power generator is studied when the rotor and stator of a 70,000kW-class model are combinedly subjected to an on-site verification test, when a good result is obtained. The rotor is disassembled for inspection, and its members are found to be sound without any problem in terms of mechanical strength. The quick excitation response type is studied when a 70,000kW model is experimentally built and subjected to an on-site verification test after a rotation and excitation test in the factory, when the pilot machine concept design is reviewed. In the study of a total system, efforts continue for the review of the model machine test method, improvement on generator design and analytical methods, development of operating methods, and the effect of its introduction into the power system. Since a He-refrigerated system is requested to exhibit high reliability for application to power equipment and to be capable of continuous long-period operation, a system having constituents with their reliability enhanced and an appropriate redundant system is developed, and a verification study is under way which will continue for more than 10,000 hours. Described also is an oil-free low-temperature turbo refrigerator. The latest quick excitation response type rotor is also tested for verification. (NEDO)

  18. Report on results for fiscal 1997 on development of superconducting electric power application technology. Pt. 2. R and D of superconducting wire, R and D of superconducting generator, studies on total system, R and D of refrigeration system, and verification test; 1997 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    This report refers, continuously to the Part 1, to the in-situ verification test of the slow-response type model machine rotor and to the review of the conceptual design of the pilot machine. On the basis of the R and D results of various element technology/partial models obtained before the previous fiscal year, the design, manufacturing and factory test had been conducted for a 70,000kW class slow-response type model machine rotor. This year, an in-situ verification test was performed to complete the test of all planned test items. Using the technological results obtained in the design, manufacturing and test of the 70,000kW class model machine, the conceptual design is being reviewed of the 200,000kW class pilot machine. In the aspect of the functional design, accurate grasping of the thermal load is essential for the purpose of attaining a large capacity for a superconducting generator, as a part of which a thermal load analytical method was planned to be established for a torque tube heat exchanger. The reasonableness of the analysis was verified through a comparison with the factory test result of the 70,000kW class slow-response type rotor, indicating good agreement between the calculation result and the actual measurement, and enabling the result to be obtained that explains dependency of the thermal load on the number of revolution. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report on developing superconductor power applied technologies in fiscal 1999 (1). Research and development of superconductor wire materials, research and development of superconductor power generators, research of total systems, research and development of freezing systems, and verification tests; 1999 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu / chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu / total system no kenkyu / reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu / jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to achieve higher efficiency, higher density, and higher stability in power systems, research and development has been performed on superconductor power applied technologies. This paper summarizes the achievements thereof in fiscal 1999. In research and development of the superconductor wire materials, decrease in loss and increase in capacity of the conductors were progressed for the Nb{sub 3}Sn wire material, whereas its mechanical properties and stability were evaluated. In research and development of the superconductor generators, an ultra high speed responding generator was verified of its healthiness in a sudden short circuit test. A linkage test with an operating 77-kV system was performed, wherein verification was given that the superconductor generator can be operated stably against various disturbances. In research and development of the freezing systems, an improved system was structured, which achieved operation of 11,390 hours in a single system as a result of the high reliability of the oil-free structure. In the verification tests, the ultra high speed responding model generator was connect to the freezing system to give such tests as load test, onerous test, actuation test by using the M-G system, and 77-kV system linkage test. The functions, reliability, and durability of the system were verified, and different data were acquired. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1998 annual report on the preliminary research and development of techniques for developing resources from gas-hydrate. Studies on gas-hydrate exploration, excavation techniques, methods for assessing environmental impacts, and gas hydrate handling systems; 1998 nendo gas hydrate shigenka gijutsu sendoken kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tansanado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu, kussaku gijutsu nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu, kankyo eikyo hyokaho no kenkyu kaihatsu, riyo system ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This R and D project is for the preliminary studies on development of the following 4 types of techniques for developing resources from gas-hydrates (GH): (1) gas-hydrate exploration, (2) excavation techniques, (3) methods for assessing environmental impacts, and (4) gas hydrate handling systems. The FY 1988 R and D results are described. For gas-hydrate exploration, the methods for analyzing inorganic ions and trace quantities of elements, which are necessary for accurately estimating the offshore GH around Japan, are established; and case studies are conducted for methods of predicting GH deposit forming mechanisms, and stability fields of GH, based on terrestrial heat flow and seismic data. For excavation techniques, GH decomposition rate is analyzed using a laboratory system which reproduces conditions of excavation of GH layers. For methods for assessing environmental impacts, a geo-hazard predicting model is established, to study ground displacement and gas leakage sensing systems and data transmission systems to cope with the hazards. For gas hydrate handling systems, an overall system is studied, and storage and transportation systems are outlined. (NEDO)

  1. Achievement report for fiscal 1990 on the research and development of automatic sewing system. High-tech assemble subsystem; 1990 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. High tech assemble system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    In a comprehensive operational test conducted for the automatic overlapping seam sewing system being studied under the above-named large-scale industrial technology development project, it is confirmed that it attains the target levels in product qualities such as accuracy and in productivity and flexibility. It is further confirmed in an experimental plant that the system fully discharges its duty. In the research and development of the ventral coordination control type assemble sewing technology, modification and research and development of the hardware and software, system construction, and operational adjustment are accomplished. In the comprehensive study of operation, data are collected for the evaluation of functioning during system operation, operational reliability, compatibility with multiple-product/small-amount production, sewed product quality stability, etc. In the study of systematization for the experimental plant, conditions for interlocking and sequence are defined, which are improved while system operation proceeds. Furthermore, studies are conducted about 3-dimensional sewing technologies and retrofitted sewing machines. (NEDO)

  2. Reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. Investigation and research on solar energy utilization system (solar thermal power generation system); 1979 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyonetsu hatsuden system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    An investigation and research were conducted on the operation method of various solar thermal power generation systems and on the evaluation of the rating and cost performance; in the environmental test method for the equipment, the examination was continued for the test method and evaluation method concerning the absorbing surface and transmitting film; in the heat storing technology, an investigative research was done on the optimum heat storing method and energy conversion method suitable for the operation of the thermal power generation system, as well as performing, as an objective, a computer simulation on the total system with the purpose of clarifying the heat storing capacity. The results in the year were as follows. The operation method for solar thermal power generation was examined, as were the energy analysis, evaluation method of 1 MW pilot plant, the optimum utilization system of solar energy in the long run including its application, and technological economical problems to be solved for the next large solar thermal power generating plant. A discussion was carried out on the endurance test of the selective absorbing surface and transmitting film and on the durability of the reflection mirror. Evaluation and examination were made on the various materials of the 1 MW pilot plant. A review was done on various heat accumulating devices for solar thermal generation, mathematical thermal characteristics of heat accumulating devices, and future energy storing methods and problems. (NEDO)

  3. Summarized achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979. Research on hydrogen energy total systems; 1979 nendo suiso energy total system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    This paper describes discussions on future possibility of introducing hydrogen, by adding the latest data acquired in fiscal 1979 into a hydrogen energy total system calculation model. The critical cost of hydrogen is higher always than other secondary energies up to about 2030. Since it is a presupposition that hydrogen manufacturing is technologically feasible only by using the electrolytic manufacturing process, the hydrogen cost changes with the critical cost of electric power. Thereafter, if a hydrogen manufacturing process of mixed type utilizing heat from a high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) is introduced, the cost will be reduced. However, introduction of HTGR is governed by the nuclear power plan such as HTGR technology development, rather than simply by the economic performance. Value factors showing qualitative advantage of hydrogen have been assigned to different demand sectors, whereas acceptable economic performance may emerge from this effect from about 2010 in sectors having large value factors (such as 2.8 in aircraft fuels). Hydrogen contribution would be about 2.1% in 2020 and 5.5% in 2030 of the whole energy demand. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1975 Sunshine Project research report. Research on hydrogen purification storage transport systems, and their safety technologies; 1975 nendo suiso no seisei, yuso, chozo system oyobi hoan gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-05-31

    In fiscal 1975, research was made on (1) some problems and their solutions for practical hydrogen purification storage transport (HPST) systems, and (2) analysis and optimization of HPST systems. The material-energy flow diagram and rough hydrogen system relevance tree were prepared, and the position of HPST system in hydrogen systems was considered together with use of liquid hydrogen. In (1), the current technologies and problems were arranged for every component of purification system, storage system, transport and distribution system, and metal hydride. Study was also made on some problems and solutions for their R and D. In (2), study was made on the basic model of HPST, and the compatibility with a total energy system. Overseas and Industrial Research Institute (IRI)'s trial calculation results were arranged for HPST cost data as input data for trial calculation of optimization. As for a safety and reliability, study was made on the target, system and main R and D fields for the safety management of HPST system, referring to the concept of safety managements in nuclear power generation and LNG system. (NEDO)

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-entrusted research and development. Research on hydrogen energy total system; 1981 nendo suiso energy total system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    In this research, studies are conducted relative to the time point, form, and magnitude of the introduction of hydrogen into Japan's total energy system. The research aims to construct a hydrogen energy total system consisting of hydrogen energy subsystems to be available in the future and to clearly define the stage at which transfer to the target system will be carried out. In the research for fiscal 1981, studies continue about the feasibility of hydrogen as automobile and aviation fuels and as a material for use in chemical engineering, about conversion into each other of hydrogen and various synthetic fuels and electric power with which hydrogen will have to compete in the domain into which it will be supplied, and about technologies of their utilization for comparison between such energies in the search for their interchangeability. Surveys are conducted on technical data about local energies. The Yakushima island is chosen, for instance, and a conceptual hydrogen energy base is constructed there and the cost for the construction is estimated. At the last part, the feasibility of the introduction of hydrogen into Japan's energy system in the future is discussed for assessment. (NEDO)

  6. Report on 1988 research result on the R and D of observation system for probing resources. 2/3; 1988 nendo shigen tansayo kansoku system no kenkyu kaihatsu. 2/3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-07-01

    This paper explains the 1988 results of the specialized study in the R and D of the observation system for probing resources. In the interface with the satellite body, the result of the 1986 basic design was reexamined, elucidating the interface conditions, while the telemetry command items were also rechecked, clarifying the restrictions of the operation. In addition, the combination tests of mission equipment were all put together. Reexamined also were the interface specifications of optical sensors. Concerning the interface between the satellite body and the mission transmitter, examination was made on the detailed design level. In the operation mission analysis, algorithm for acquiring mission equipment data was reviewed, as were the operation analysis program and the data acquiring simulation. With a case examined in which an optical sensor satellite image was used for probing oil, the conclusion was obtained that the present design specifications were sufficient. In the experiment of the on-aircraft multi-channel image sensor, the subject sensor was found much higher than before in the performance for identifying rocks/minerals and was expected to be useful for resource probes. Image analysis of the test site was also performed. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1995 achievement report. Development of entrained bed coal gasification power plant (Part 1 - Studies of key elements and techniques); 1995 nendo seika hokokusho. Funryusho sekitan gaska hatsuden plant kaihatsu - Sono 1. Youso kenkyu hen, gijutsu chosa hen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Element techniques were studied and surveyed for establishing the technology of integrated coal gasification combined cycle. In fiscal 1995, E coal (coal of high ash fluid point) gasification was tested in the 2 tons/day furnace for the effect of its properties on furnace operation and for its properties relating to gasification and slagging and for changes in such properties due to flux admixed with the E coal. It was then found that the ash fluid point was so high as 1500 degrees C and that flux admixing, recovered oxygen reinjection, etc., would be necessary for the assurance of stable slag discharge. In a study using combined cycle system simulation, a comparison was made between results from tests conducted on a real system and results from the simulation, based on the detailed model completed by the preceding fiscal year. The model was reviewed and improved, and simulations were conducted in the respective operating states and operating modes. In the survey of element techniques, information was gathered at a Japan-U.S. joint technical conference held in Japan in October this year. Studies were also made about technical guidelines, or the like, involving coal gasification power generation. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1987 report on the result of the R and D of an automatic sewing system. Cloth handling technology; 1987 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kiji handling gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    The paper summarized the R and D of a cloth handling technology which is an element technology of an automatic sewing system by the Automatic Sewing System Technology Research Association. The cloth handling technology is divided into the following three: (1) cloth grasp technology; (2) high-functional positioning technology; (3) element technology of soft cloth conveying technology. In (1), development of the following was conducted: vertical grasp-type module, horizontal grasp-type module, cloth handling-type module, and auxiliary device. Prototypes of each were trially manufactured for experiment on the function confirmation. In (2), the following were conducted: development of experimental models of module handler and module controller for commercialization; study of visual/tactile sense composite multiple-arm cooperative movement control. In (3), in the studies having been made so far, specifications for an experimental model for joint sawing and specifications for the conveying system were studied, and experimental models of stock module and junction module were manufactured/tested/evaluated to study confirmation of function/performance. In this fiscal year, in the light of these results obtained, prototypes of each element device were developed. At the same time, the connection of these element devices made up an experimental model for joint sawing, and effectiveness of the element technology was confirmed in the system. (NEDO)

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on New Sunshine Program. Frontier research and development of basic superconductive AC power generation equipment; 1999 nendo koryu chodendo denryoku kiki kiban sendo kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As part of the New Sunshine Program of the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, a 2-year survey and research is conducted beginning in 1998 on the effect of the introduction of superconductive power equipment for the facilitation of the progress of research and development of basic power equipment which utilizes AC (alternating current) superconductivity. Frontier research and development has been started of basic AC superconductive power equipment for clarifying the tasks to solve in the development effort and for preparing an efficient research and development plan. This fiscal year's endeavor covers the survey of the effect of the introduction of superconductive power equipment in addition to the preparation of a basic plan for the research and development of basic AC superconductive power equipment for fiscal 2000 and afterward, continued survey of research and development trends in and outside Japan for the review of the result achieved in the preceding fiscal year, development of AC equipment element technologies utilizing conduit type semiconductors as a basic study for the embodiment of AC superconductive equipment, and a study for elucidating the mechanism of resistance generated in a superconductive current limiter. Furthermore, papers on the superconduction technology released so far are investigated, and technology development trends and efficient research techniques are put together into a technological information database. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1997 report on the cooperative research on the preservation and sustainable utilization of biological diversification; Seibutsu tayosei hozen to jizokuteki riyo nado ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku (1997 nendo hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Cooperative researches were conducted between Japan and Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia for the purpose of the technology development to make developing countries themselves preserve bioresources existing in tropical forests and use those sustainably. The research subjects for Thailand are a strategical study on eating of the primates, improvement of a microorganism culture collection system, preservation of biological diversification using an artificial ecosystem, bioresource utilization, etc. The subjects for Indonesia are a study of a microorganism culture collection system, study of plant preservation technology, study of microorganism utilization technology, study of plant utilization technology, promotion of the founding of the Indonesia tropical bioresource information center, etc. The subjects for Malaysia are biological diversification database and gene bank, assessment/monitoring of the ocean ecosystem, assessment and inventory of the ecosystem using hi-tech technology, search/separation of bioactive substances originated from microorganism/plant, etc. 26 refs., 24 figs., 81 tabs.

  11. FY 2000 Report on the results of the survey/research on advanced medical treatment equipment technology of the next generation; 2000 nendo jisedai senshin iryo kiki gijutsu ni kakawaru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For development of the advanced medical treatment equipment technology of the next generation, attempts are made to translate the policy targets, established through open discussions at the workshops and others, into the concrete techniques. As a result, the basic plans are concretely drafted for the (development of the gene-aided diagnostic system equipment for clinical purposes) and (development of heart disease treatment system equipment). The program for the (development of the gene-aided diagnostic system equipment for clinical purposes) is aimed at development of the system equipment which utilizes DNA microarrays and others to analyze the gene information highly reliably, quickly at low cost by simple procedure. The program for the (development of heart disease treatment system equipment) is aimed at development of various techniques, e.g., low-invasion type supercompact composite sensors capable of continuously measuring two or more types of information from a living body, basic techniques therefor, living hybridization techniques for stably operating these devices in a living body for extended periods, and intelligent drug delivery systems carrying multi-channel information transmission mechanisms and two or more types of drugs, and capable of delivering drugs independently at high precision. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1992 R and D project for next generation infrastructure technology. Report on results of R and D on photo-reactive material; 1992 nendo hikari hanno zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    R and D was conducted with the purpose of establishing fundamental technologies concerning photo-reactive materials, which control molecular structures or polymerization through light beam behavior and which can be used for ultra-high density optical recording, high resolution display, optical switch, etc., with the fiscal 1992 results summarized. In the studies on photochromic materials, investigation was carried out on the possibility of 10 multiple recording and the fundamental features of aggregate forming photochromic compounds. In the studies on high temperature of photochemical hole burning (PHB) materials, a material was synthesized using ionic porphyrin derivatives as guest material and deuterated polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and the like as host, with the evaluation made on the performance of multiple hole formation and storage. In addition, comparisons were made for example on the thermal properties of the PHB materials among the participating enterprises mutually. In the development of chinone PHB materials and research on the improvement of the multiplicity, as this being the final year, researches were done on such subjects as integration of element technologies, material evaluation technology and PHB-related studies, correlatively as the work of the final year. Research results were also reported on the development and systematizing technology of porphyrin-based PHB materials. (NEDO)

  13. Research and development project in fiscal 1988 for fundamental technologies for next generation industries. Achievement report on research and development on high crystallinity polymeric materials; 1988 nendo kokesshosei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    With an objective to realize structural materials characterized by light weight, high corrosion resistance and easy-to-process performance, research and development has been performed on high crystallinity polymeric materials. This paper summarizes the achievement in fiscal 1988. With regard to monophyletic materials, using thermotropic liquid crystal polyallylate as the object, researches were performed on optimization, polymerization, and elongation fluid orientation processing of the polymer chemical structures. In the polyphyletic materials, discussions were given on aromatic heterocyclic polymers as to the synthesizing process for PIBO expected of higher elasticity rate than with PIBT. Discussions were given on the phase transfer transient film making process for molecular composites for an attempt of enhancing performance of tapes and laminates. With regard to cross-linking materials, forming and improvements were discussed on heat hardening molecular composites of ionic/inorganic hybrid cross-linking polymer, modified ion cross-linking polymer, poly-ion complex, and diacetylene polymer. In addition, researches were performed on the high-density three-dimensional cross-linking process and inter-molecular reinforcement of mono-axially and highly oriented substances to obtain high elasticity forms. (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on joint research business (2/2). Photovoltaic power generation field test for public facilities; 1998 nendo kokyo shisetsu nadoyo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo (2/2). Kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    Photovoltaic power generation systems are experimentally installed at public facilities at various locations, and subjected to field tests in which they experience long-term operation under real loads. Mie Prefectural Iidaka Senior/Junior High School has a 10kW solar cell system installed on the south-side roof of the school house. The system is linked to an in-house transformation station and the power generated by the system is supplied to the lighting and air-conditioning facilities in the building, and surplus if any is transmitted to the Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., system. A field test is being conducted to determine if there are usability and safety in the 10kW system. A number of like systems are undergoing field tests, installed at a comprehensive technological training center of Kyushu Electric Power Safety Association, Kongo Gakuen Senior High School, Sakata Nursery School, Taiyo Daiichi Nursery School, Minami Kindergarten, Neyagawa Ishizu Old People's Home, Co-Op Living Konan, Factory Hishimeki, Tochigi Fuji Industries, Gamo-cho Hirabayashi Public Hall, Fukuoka Prefectural Culture Complex, Yatsusugi Forest Schooling Center, Osaka Prefectural Murano Water Purification Plant, Yamanashi Institute of Environmental Sciences, Utatsu-cho Town Office, Ginga Gakuen Junior High School, etc. (NEDO)

  15. Report on the coal group in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1988. Studies on a coal treatment technology in the initial process in liquefaction; 1989 nendo ekika shoki kotei ni okeru sekitan shori gijutsu no kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    This paper reports the achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1988 in studies on the studies of the initial process in liquefaction. It is intended to identify the swelling phenomenon in coal particles in the coal slurry preparation and preheating processes, and change in the slurry viscosity associated with the heating. The slurry viscosity starts decreasing from around 300 degrees C at which the liquefying reaction begins, and decreases sharply at around 350 degrees C. Therefore, rise in the viscosity at temperatures below 300 degrees C is caused by factors other than the liquefying reaction. The rise starting at 100 to 120 degrees C is due to absorption of the solvent by coal. The rise starting at 210 to 260 degrees C requires further discussions. The equilibrium swelling ratio was measured on different types of coals by using the hydrogenated anthracene oil solvent. No coals swelled at 100 degrees C. The temperature of 200 degrees C largely divides coals into those swelling and those not swelling. At 300 degrees C, the coals were divided into those shrinking after largely swelling, those not swelling and those swelling monotonously. For consideration of the utilization as an auxiliary solvent, petroleum-based heavy oil was used to perform coal liquefaction to discuss effects of the solvent on the liquefaction rates. (NEDO)

  16. Achievement report for fiscal 1999. Research and development of high-performance magnetic materials creation technology making use of microgravitational environment; 1999 nendo bisho juryoku kankyo wo riyoshita koseino jisei zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Efforts are made to develop the above-named technology so as to improve on performance of magnetic materials for magnets extensively used in electric motors to consequently influence their energy conversion efficiency. For this purpose, probes are conducted into novel alloy phases, intermetallic compounds, and microstructure in a containerless coagulation process in which a molten body of a magnetic metal material in free-fall is allowed to cool rapidly, and a system is developed to enable a series of processes of heating and melting in preparation for containerless coagulation, specimen formation, and then coagulation in a microgravitational environment. The system is used for the study of novel materials for magnetic alloys and process technology. For the utilization of containerless coagulation in a microgravitational environment, it is necessary to make full use of the JAMIC (Japan Microgravity Center) facilities, and an experimenting apparatuses are fabricated for a containerless coagulation process and unidirectional coagulation process applicable to a free-fall test. In this fiscal year, some significance involving for example structural uniformity are found among the specimens created using containerless coagulation in a microgravitational environment, and it is inferred that the data as an index of higher performance will lead to studies in the next fiscal year and afterward. (NEDO)

  17. Joint research achievement report on field test project for photovoltaic power generation of industrial use in fiscal 2000 (5/5); 2000 nendo sangyo tou you taiyokohatsuden field test jigyo kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho 5/5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000 on the field tests for photovoltaic power generation of industrial use. This report describes the details of the achievements on the following organizations: the Hiroshima Riverside Hotel; the Saraya Corporation; the Nanshin Subaru Corporation; the Ricoh Uni-techno Corporation; Toyota Motors Kyushu Corporation (Eco-center); Hitachi Electric Wires; Yuasa Corporation, Furukawa City in Ibaraki Prefecture; the Takasaki Branch Office of East Japan Passenger Railways; the World Trade Center Building, the Minami Trading Company, Onga Township in Fukuoka Prefecture; the Keio Electric Railways (Wakabadai Station); the Business Enterprise Bureau of Kyoto Prefectural Government; Okinawa Electric Power (Kita-Daito Island), Kawagoe Township in Mie Prefecture, the Keio Electric Railways (Meidai-mae Station); Kitakata Township in Gifu Prefecture; the Yamaguchi Prefectural Government; the MSK Corporation; the Fuji Pream Corporation; Kumano Township in Hiroshima Prefecture; Fukuroi City in Shizuoka Prefecture; the Water Supply Bureau of Yokohama Municipality in Kanagawa Prefecture; Ashiya City in Hyogo Prefecture; Shinoyama City in Hyogo Prefecture; the Gantan Beauty Industry; the Toyokuni Industry; and Minoo City in Osaka Prefecture. (NEDO)

  18. FY 2000 report on the results of the R and D of the fusion domain. Volume 3. Biomolecular mechanism and design; 2000 nendo yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu. 3. Biomolecular mechanism and design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of creating cells/tissue assemblies and the molecular machine that substitute for self-organizing and self-repairing functions of a living body outside the body, the basic technology research was conducted, and the FY 2000 results were reported. In the study of 3D cell and tissue module engineering, the following were conducted: study of the surface modification and functional expression of biomaterials, study of the mechanical stress to cartilaginous cells and the response, development of the production method of biodegradable synthetic polymer porous materials, study of organism hard tissue materials/bone remodeling and cultured bone transportation, development of zinc-releasing calcium phosphate ceramics. In the study of biomolecular mechanism and design, 1D unidirectional movement of microtubules by applying microlithography technology, structural study of kinesin-family molecular motor by low temperature microscope, ribozyme and the application to leukemia, basic study on assessment of chemical substances by human cultured cells, study of a low molecule detection system using nucleic acid and peptide. (NEDO)

  19. Report on achievements of research and development of a technology to apply human senses to measurements in fiscal 1994. 1. Summary; 1994 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu. 1. Gaiyohen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    The objective of this research and development is to establish a human sense measurement technique that can measure and evaluate easily and quantitatively the senses of human being to design and fabricate such products as comfortable apparels reflecting the human senses, and living and working environments having less stresses, and a human sense application technique to reflect the human senses on design and fabrication of the products. The first term has performed developments on (1) a physiological effect measurement technology, (2) a simulated environment presenting technology, (3) a technology to investigate the correlation among externally stimulating environment, physiological effects and amount of senses, and (4) an evaluation simulator. In the technology (1), a technology was established that can measure easily changes in physiological reactions in human body such as the ones in brain waves, pupil reaction, and induction potential caused by external stimulation. In the technology (2), a device and a system were structured that can generate and control external stimuli such as the ones from heat, sound, vibration, light, scent, scenery, and constituting materials. In the technology (3), a testing technology was established to acquire correlative data of externally stimulating environment statistically superior, physiological effects and volume of senses. In the technology (4), a sense evaluation simulator and a design aiding system technology that can substitute tests using human bodies was developed. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1998 Report on development of technologies for commercialization of industrial solar systems. Summary of the abstracts (Research and development management); 1998 nendo sangyoyonado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika gaiyo sogoban. Kenkyu kaihatsu kanri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The FY 1998 programs for development of technologies for commercialization of industrial solar systems include those for freezing/refrigeration systems utilizing solar heat, and international joint programs for development of technologies for the solar heat-utilizing systems. The studies are also conducted to draw the technological development programs for the solar heat-utilizing systems to be developed in the future. For development of the solar heat-utilizing freezing/refrigeration systems, the efforts are directed to extending service life of hydrogen occluding alloy to at least 10 years, which is one of the final targets. High reversibility up to 1,000 cycles is confirmed with the alloy working at low temperature for generating low-temperature heat. The international joint programs for technological development include technology evaluation of lumber drying by solar heat by operating the pilot plant, training of engineers and study on commercialization of the concept in Republic of Indonesia. The studies on technological development of solar heat-utilizing systems include those on classification of the solar heat-utilizing systems by area and utilization type, and evaluation of operating temperature levels and the merits and themes/problems. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1999 report on the results of the joint study - project on the public facility use photovoltaic power generation field test; 1999 nendo kokyo shisetsunadoyo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    In the field test, solar cell panels were installed on rooftop, and inverters were installed indoors. The electric power generated was connected at high pressure with electric installation of facilities and was also supplied to power equipment, lighting, air conditioning, etc. in facilities. The FY 1999 results were summarized. The installation of photovoltaic power generation facilities at 137 places and the results of the study were summarized in this report including a new university co-op building, Tokyo Metropolitan Advanced Technology Education Center, Suwano Center House of Fukushima prefecture, Environment Center of Saga prefecture, Educational Foundation Utsukushino Kindergarten, Hikarigaoka Park of Yamagata prefecture, Koiwai factory of Koiwai Dairy Products Co., Social Welfare Corporation Kameyama Ayumi Nursery School, etc. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on the followup research on high-efficiency refuse-fueled power generation technology development; 2000 nendo kokoritsu haikibutsu hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu no follow up kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Followup research was conducted using a high-efficiency refuse-fueled power generation pilot plant for interpolating research and development results, improvement on refuse-fueled power generation efficiency, and for introduction and popularization of refuse-fueled power generation. Operation control and safety control were performed in compliance with the pilot plant operation program, when high-temperature high-pressure steam (500 degrees C, 100 atm) was stably generated for approximately 7,600 hours in this fiscal year recording a total of approximately 22,000 hours when counted from the beginning of the verification test. Plant operation data were examined and every part of the furnace was checked and measured while the furnace was at rest, and it was found that the plant satisfied the intended specifications as refuse-fueled power plant facilities. As for its environmental impact, it was confirmed that it fully satisfied the standard values for substances in exhaust gas, which involved soot and dust, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen chloride, and dioxins. Dioxins, in particular, were far below the most rigorous legal level of 0.1ng-TEQ/m{sup 3}N. In the test of superheater materials, long-term data covering three years were acquired. (NEDO)

  3. FY1995 studies on surface structures and mechanism of photocatalytic action of semiconductor oxides; 1995 nendo handotai hikari shokubai no hyomen kozo seigyo to sayo kiko kaimei ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Development of the semiconductor photocatalyst such as titanium dioxide is important for photo-energy conversion and purification of the environment. We make clear that the mechanism of the photocatalysis using a spectroscopic or physico-chemical methods, and we developed the new photocatalyst with the control of the surface area, porosity, infinitesimal content, and surface modification of the catalyst surface. Titanium dioxide thin film photocatalysts were prepared by the dip coating method. Surface structure of the thin film was formed by the aggregated TiO{sub 2} anatase particle, its size was around 5 nm. This thin films effectively oxidazed NO, its photocatalytic activity is higher than that of commercial photocatalyst. Metal oxide anchored TiO{sub 2} photocatalysts (RuO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2}) were prepared by the co-precipitation method. Effective charge separation of the RuO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} were confirmed by the measurement of ESR. The RuO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} photocatalyst successfully reduced CO{sub 2} and preserved its activity for much longer period than metal loaded catalyst. Hybrid photofunctionalized material was prepared by anchoring porphyrin moieties on the titanium dioxide surface. The relative quantum yield of electron transfer from porphyrin to the titanium dioxide conduction band has been markedly increased by water treatment of quanternized porphyrin-titanium dioxide covalently linked systems owing to removal of adsorbed porphyrin domains. (NEDO)

  4. Project in fiscal 1988 for research and development of basic technologies in next generation industries. Achievement report on research and development of bio-reactors; 1988 nendo bio reactor no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    Research and development has been performed on bio-reactors to substitute the oxidizing reaction process, and on reduction reacting bio-reactors to fix the coenzyme regeneration system. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1988. In the research of a bio-reactor using bacteria that produce muconic acid from benzoic acid, stable productivity of 60 g/L/day or more was obtained. In the research of a multi-phase based bio-reactor composed of air, oil, water and biomass, discussions were given on the phase inverting film permeation type reactor. In the research of a bio-reactor to produce acetic acid from carbon dioxide and hydrogen, productivity of 149 g/L/day as maximum was achieved by enhancing the production speed by means of pressurization. In the research of a bio-reactor to produce hydroquinone from phenol, up-keeping the duration for 100 hours or longer has become possible at the hydroquinone production speed of 3 g/L/h. In the research of a reduction-based bio-reactor incorporating the regeneration system of coenzyme NAD(P)H, discussions were given on optimizing the continuous enzymatic reaction in the production of sorbitol. (NEDO)

  5. Report on achievements in fiscal 1975 in Sunshine Project. Studies on wide area existence of geothermal resources in great depth; 1975 nendo koiki shinbu chinetsu shigen fuson ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-03-01

    This paper reports the achievements in the following study items: (1) studies on the AFMT method, (2) observation of heat dissipation by using infrared thermal images, (3) evaluation on the annular topographic pattern in the Hachimantai area identified from the Landsat satellite images, (4) studies on the Tamagawa welded pyroclastic rocks, (5) studies on minerals transformed from the Tamagawa welded pyroclastic rocks, and (6) a method to analyze ground temperature data by using graphic display. Items 2 and 6 in the studies are on the heat balance method, and Item 3 is on remote sensing. Items 4 and 5 were performed as the study on geologic thermometry. In Item 1, a prototype AFMT method exploration device was fabricated, and field experiments were performed in the Onuma area in the Hachimantai wide-area geothermal experiment field. The experiment placed importance on finding problems in transmission and reception of signals from an artificially fluctuating magnetic field, whose result was found greatly contributive to understanding the physical phenomena. However, it was not possible to reach a level to analyze geological structures from the data. In Item 2, simple meteorological observation was performed on ground surface temperature distribution by using an infrared radiation thermometer of remote sensing type. Development was made on a method to measure natural heat dissipation amount from heat balance on the ground surface. (NEDO)

  6. Achievement reports on joint research of solar energy power generation field test project in fiscal 1997. Part 2 of 3; 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho 2/3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-08-01

    This report is a collection of 26 achievement reports on joint research of a solar energy power generation field test project. The major contents of the achievement reports relate to the solar energy power generation field test project (summarized as manufacture and installation of solar energy power generation systems, summary of solar energy power generation facilities, peripheral devices, and daily schedule of the construction). The reports describe achievements of the joint research (names and achievements of the joint research, study presentation, lectures, literatures, status of patents, similar research in and cooperation with other research institutions), generalization of the research, and future problems. Locations of the joint research carried out are libraries, kindergartens, health and welfare centers, children's culture centers, general traffic centers, primary and middle schools, river water purifying facilities, credit banks, manufactories, retail shops at car parking areas, office buildings, hospitals, joint prefectural office buildings, municipal health centers, and prefectural general power generation control stations. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on the venture business assisting type regional consortium - Minor business creation base type. Development of sodium hypochlorite activating system; 1999 nendo venture kigyo shiengata chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Jiaensosan natrium kasseika sochi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The aim is to develop and widely diffuse a cleaning, sterilizing, and disinfecting system (chemicals and device) which is nearer to the best. A safety-conscious diluting/mixing technology was developed by which acid and sodium hypochlorite were mixed without generating any noxious gas. Using this technology, a mixing tube was developed, capable of homogeneously diluting chemicals in raw water and mixing them homogeneously. How the dilution and mixing occurred in the mixing tube was measured by an electric conductivity meter for evaluation, data on the state of diluting of the solution were plotted in a graphic chart for study, a comprehensive deliberation was made of performance, cost, etc., and then a device was experimentally constructed. A concentration level detecting sensor section and a metering pump were developed. The pH adjustment and disinfecting effect were assessed using various acids, and then it was found that the acetic acid was the most suitable in view of safeness, disinfecting effect, stability, and ease of adjustment. Based on the result of a comprehensive technical survey, a system was designed suitable for artificial dialysis, food processing, and cleaning and disinfecting of endoscopes. A prototype was built, and the development effort progressed to reach a level where a prototype was built and subjected to a field test. (NEDO)

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on research and development of technologies for medical welfare equipment. Home rehabilitation system for aphasia patients; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shitsugosho zaitaku rehabilitation shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    Element technologies under development involve (1) an authoring system for assistance program processing, (2) self-training system for supporting home rehabilitation, (3) human interface for aphasia patients and caregivers, (4) remote rehabilitation evaluation and diagnosis supporting system, and (5) a communication assisting system. Under item (1), a material incorporating interface, training contents layout and combination function, and general-purpose interface specifications are determined, and a one-piece system is designed and developed. Under item (2), a self-training player that behaves in compliance with the authoring specifications is designed and developed. Under item (3), a secondary unit is fabricated on the assumption of its use at an actual treatment scene. Under item (4), remotely controlled two-way face-to-face communication, camera control, shared operation of a training player, training scenario transfer component, etc., are developed and, furthermore, a one-piece system is designed and developed to support the therapist's rehabilitation assessment and diagnosis in coordination with the above-mentioned remotely controlled functions. Under item (5), a network communication component and an auxiliary function using voice synthesis are added for designing and developing a one-piece system that enables long-distance communication between the therapist and patients. (NEDO)

  9. Report on achievements of research and development of an automatic sewing system in fiscal 1985. System management and control technology; 1985 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. System kanri seigyo gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-03-01

    This paper describes the system management and control technology, extracted from the achievement report for fiscal 1985 on developing an automatic sewing system. The comprehensive system management has verified algorithms for the optimal process formation and load balancing based on the industry's latest market and production plan trends, and obtained good results. Furthermore, structuring, discussions and proposals were made on an interface system of an optimal process controlling computer with an automatic device controlling micro computer. The inspection and failure diagnosis have set a quality standard for intermediate products in the sewing lines, and verified that its automation is possible by using an image processing technology that identifies dimensional inspection and colors. In the research of printing control information, calculations were performed on the information amount, printing locations, expression method and printing speed, narrowing down to parts ID and location information as the required printing information. Thus,items of basic information for media, media printing and printing device design were put into order. The information recognizing technology has picked up image recognition applying locations in a sewing factory and problems therein, and performed evaluation experiments on specific pattern matching and processing position recognition to have obtained the prospect of application of the automation. (NEDO)

  10. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the Welfare Techno-system (Chuo Ward, Kobe); 1999 nendo Welfare Techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Kobe-shi Chuo-ku) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development has been performed on a help and welfare system to transmit and accumulate monitoring data by utilizing a computer system. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the research of transmission and management of information on help requiring persons, a server and its peripheral devices were modified to structure a system to measure body temperatures, pulses, and blood pressures, and transmit them to a central server. In the research on support for the visiting helps, a mobile system was developed, which has map information and scheduling function that shows distribution of help requiring persons. In the research of a simulation to link hospitals, medical organizations and homes, the LAN at health facilities for elderly people was structured, and so was a network for linking hospitals, medical organizations and homes (simulated). Investigations and discussions were performed on interface between body information (vital data) measuring instruments and personal computers. Developmental research was executed on private certification office servers and the certification software that consider security in the help systems. (NEDO)

  11. Report on a fiscal 1995 basic survey of the environmental engineering. Investigational survey on the improvement of the waste treatment system; 1995 nendo kankyo business no engineering ka kiso chosa hokokusho. Haikibutsu shori system no kodoka ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-05-01

    The paper described the present situation of the waste treatment system for the environmental engineering and the problems. The final waste treatment plants are in the tighter and tighter condition, and therefore the waste treatment system ought to be changed to a system in which importance is placed on the size reduction, weight reduction, and recycle. Accordingly, the waste treatment system becomes more characterized as a resource feedback process, and should be given more credit as a system for production of secondary resource. The problem is arrangement of conditions of technology, cost and legislation system for smoothing such recycling flow. Of course, it is natural that the most important subject of the system is to secure the environmental preservation by the waste treatment. As future subjects, needed are understanding of the waste treatment as a resource reproductive system, relation with other industries, and review of the legislation system. In consideration of technology, cost and environmental loads, required are proposal of validity of the recycle level limit and a future image of the system structure, and policies for promoting and supporting the recycle business. 47 figs., 104 tabs.

  12. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on photovoltaic power generation system (R and D on Si ribbon crystal horizontal pulling method); 1974 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system seika hokokusho. Silicon yokohiki ribbon kessho no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-01

    The ribbon crystal horizontal pulling process first supplies Si melt from a continuous Si material supply equipment to a pulling bath which is formed by a quartz crucible and heater. Supplied melt is heated by the pulling bath heater to keep its molten condition. The pulling bath is piled up to the top rim of the quartz crucible by supplied melt, forming the liquid surface of the pulling bath. A plane crystal seed is contacted with melt nearly horizontally. A crystal growth layer is formed at the solid-liquid interface of the contact part of the seed by controlling a heat control equipment and bath heating power. Non-dendrite growth is better in crystal quality than the others. Among non-dendrite growth methods, a horizontal pulling method is more excellent in fast pulling of wider ribbon crystals than a vertical one. Among horizontal pulling methods, Toyo Silicon Co.' method discharges heat into gas phase by using free surface including the vicinity of the seed as cooling surface, while Bleil method uses a solid heat sink for heat release, resulting in slower crystal growth. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1978 Annual report on Sunshine Project results. Survey and research on systems utilizing solar energy (Photovoltaic power generation systems); 1978 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-03-01

    This survey report provides the basic data for planning national projects to smoothly raise the large industry of solar cell industry in the future by studying how to promote the research and development projects for this area, continuously pursued from the establishment of the Sunshine Project. This report clarifies, first of all, the concept of long-term schedules for research and development of solar thermal power generation systems, based on which technical themes are concretely surveyed, and their economic viability and ripple effects on the other industries are analyzed. The industry of solar thermal power generation systems is a new industry, even based on the global horizons, backed up by the Japan's high-technological areas of electronics and semiconductor industries. It is one of important projects to be urgently developed, also viewed from the above standpoint. This report describes the long-term visions of solar thermal power generation systems, and the research and development projects therefor; stock materials for solar cells and problems involved therein; research and development projects for low-cost solar cells; photovoltaic power generation systems, and the research and development projects therefor; conceptual designs of photovoltaic power generation systems; and standard analytical procedures for solar cells, and technical problems involved therein. (NEDO)

  14. Report for fiscal 1994 on commissioned operation for research cooperation related to simplified purification system for industrial waste water; 1994 nendo sangyo haisui nado no kan'i joka system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    With an objective to serve for environmental preservation in developing countries, joint researches have been performed on anaerobic waste water treatment systems utilizing bio-technology. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1994. In the research cooperation with Thailand, a reactor applicability test was performed by using a pilot plant to determine the operating conditions, and necessary data were obtained. The pilot plant was completed of installation in November. In the research cooperation with Indonesia, Tofu manufacturing waste water was selected as the object of pilot plant research. In the detailed design the Tofu manufacturing waste water shall be treated anaerobically, and the kitchen waste water shall be treated aerobically to acquire the intended water quality. In the research cooperation with Malaysia, as a result of visiting six industries and 22 factories for investigation, waste waters from chemical and foodstuff factories were selected as the object waste waters for the research. Three researchers from Thailand and Indonesia respectively were received in Japan to provide education including experimental training and visits to waste water treatment facilities. (NEDO)

  15. Report for fiscal 2000 on surveys on foundation to establish industrial technology strategy. Surveys on foundation to assist activation of research and development; 2000 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Kenkyu kaihatsu kasseika shien kiso chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to help discuss the measures to activate researches and developments in private corporations, surveys were made on barriers and factors related to industrial technology research and development by fields, and discussions were given on structuring research and development models. Factors impeding research and development processes relate to a case of each phase in the fundamental research, applied research, and product development, and a case of human resources, funds and information. A policy of structuring models was determined to make quantitative the effects of different aiding systems of the government for researches and developments in private corporations. Case analyses were conducted by using a pilot model. In the present research, a questionnaire survey was carried out to acquire such data as R and D time lag, and to identify the effects of the policies. Surveys were also performed on research and development programs in North America, by making interviews to concerned corporations. As a result of the surveys, such problems were extracted as research and development fund, freer flow of human resources, research and development systems, handling of results of researches performed by consortiums, accounting systems, and sale of the government owned patents. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. International standards for computers/manikins; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Computer manikin ni kansuru kokusai hyojun kikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Through the development of computer manikins (CM) which assess human adaptability to products and environments, a draft for international standardization was worked out to propose to ISO. A draft for the international standardization was presented to ISO through a development of `a structure model` changing based on human attributes, a study of `a motion model` enabling changes in posture and movement, a study of `an evaluation model` evaluating attainment ranges and ecodynamic loads, and a development of `computer functions` realizing the above-mentioned functions. The development of CM having the following characteristics: a function to reproduce `the structure model` based on the ISO7250 human body dimensional measuring values which were regulated in items for the human body dimensional measuring, a function to change posture/movement based on the joint movable range data, a function to evaluate geometrical human adaptability such as attainment ranges. As a plug-in to Autodesk Mechanical Desktop 2.0, the above-mentioned functions were realized, and the modular structure platform was constructed which enables the wide-range cross-industry option and functional expansion by the advance of CM. 7 refs., 41 figs., 18 tabs.

  17. Fiscal 1980 Sunshine Project research report. R and D on preventive technology of scale deposition derived from hot water; 1980 nendo chinetsu nessui kara no scale fuchaku wo boshisuru gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-31

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1980 research result on preventive technology of scale deposition derived from hot water. Hot water of Nigori-Gawa, Hokkaido forms CaCO{sub 3} scale just after releasing into ambient air, and scale composed of amorphous silica and calcite at 60 degrees C or less, reaching a peak around pH 8. Deposition increases with a decrease in flow velocity and temperature. Polymerized silica removal experiment was made using Otake hot water and a floatation separator of 1 T/H. No cation and kerosene, and additional 6A-1 (coconut amine) and NS-18 (amine T) were effective for floatation separation. Continuous operation of the floatation separator of 50 T/H and a sludge recycling equipment was carried out as test for practical use. It was confirmed that addition of amine system floatation agent to hot water of 80 degrees C and pH 5 with polymerized silica of 20ppm is effective for reduction of polymerized silica in treatment water to 5ppm or less. The treated water was reinjected into Otake No.6 reinjection well. The sludge recycling equipment was tested for recycling floatation sludge separated, resulting in achievement of an expected target. (NEDO)

  18. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978. Research and development of hydrogen manufacturing technologies using the thermo-chemical method; 1978 nendo netsukagakuho ni yoru suiso seizo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-05-31

    This paper describes a summary design of an iodine cycle experimenting equipment as one of the achievements in fiscal 1978 on research of hydrogen manufacturing technologies using the thermo-chemical method. The object of the equipment is a reaction to derive Mg(IO{sub 3}){sub 2} and MgI{sub 2} from MgO being the first reaction of the cycle, and iodine. The by-product (Q-phase) is produced according to composition of the aqueous reaction solution. The occurring reaction and composition of the produced materials vary depending on which contact system the reactor type uses, countercurrent flow or concurrent flow. Discussions were given on both types. Hydrogen generation rate of 1 Nm{sup 3}/hr was assumed as the equipment size to derive material balance and heat balance. Furthermore, types considered applicable were selected from different types of the solid-liquid reaction equipment, and summary design and calculation were performed. Process simulation provided a prospect of achieving thermal efficiency that can compete with the electrolytic process. As a study on materials for a magnesium iodate pyrolytic equipment as the second reaction, corrosion tests were carried out in a gas mixture composed of iodine, oxygen and steam. Using 26 kinds of metallic materials as the objects, the tests were executed at 100 and 300 degrees C for 100 hours. Long-term durability tests were also performed on materials judged to have good corrosion resistance. (NEDO)

  19. FY 1994 report on the cooperative research on the biological use mine wastewater treatment technology; 1994 nendo bio riyo ni yoru kohaisui shori gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    In this project, a pilot plant for mine wastewater treatment facilities using Thiobacillus ferrooxidans was installed at the Wushan mine in China to study the operation using the bacteria habitable in this mine. The project aims at establishing the mine wastewater treatment technology using the method of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans in China. The field survey and study in Japan were carried out. In the field survey, the technical guidance was given for incubation method, neutralization experiment method and analysis method of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. In the study in Japan, one kind of bacteria to be used was selected in the 'selection test for the optimum kind of bacteria,' and a study was made which was titled 'Study of mine wastewater treatment using the method of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans which is suitable for the mine site.' In 'Study of the optimum removal of heavy metal in mine wastewater,' a table test of sulfide precipitation method was conducted on copper removal/recovery to make formation conditions of copper sulfide clear. The conditions obtained were reflected in 'Study of mine wastewater treatment by the method of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans which is suitable for the mine site,' and various conditions for bacteria oxidation process were studied. The paper surveyed characteristics of heavy metal and temperature of Chinese strains. Further, the basic data were acquired which contribute to the production of inorganic flocculants. (NEDO)

  20. Achievement report for fiscal 1989 on the research and development of automatic sewing system. High-tech assemble subsystem; 1989 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. High tech assemble subsystem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    A report is compiled about the above-named system being developed under the large-scale industrial technology development project. In the research and development of automatic sewing technologies, the cloth manipulation type module is being improved and the entirety of the automatic sewing system and a cloth opening system are under development, and now they are believed to be usable in the experimental plant. In the research and development of opening seam press technologies, overall design improvement and manufacture are accomplished for the opening seam press system based on the result of systematization researches, and the system is now fit for conveying and positioning the cloth on its way from the previous stage to the next stage. In the research on the ventral coordination control type assemble sewing technology, every unit involved is improved, designed, and manufactured, and software programs for their control are also developed and improved. It is now enhanced in reliability, operationality, workability, and seam quality, and is expected to be usable in the experimental plant. As for the research on retrofitting, it is found in a reliability test that its reliability is still short of the target value of 99.9%. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1998 research report. Research cooperation on car energy and environmental technology based on ITS technology in China; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Chugoku ni okeru ITS gijutsu wo mochiita jidosha energy kankyo gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This research aims at preparation of the car energy/environmental vision based on ITS (intelligent transport system) technology in China, enhancement of the transport planning ability of Qinghua University, and promotion of effective energy use in China. The following activities were carried out concretely: Survey on the actual traffic situation by Qinghua University, analysis of environment deterioration factors based on the survey result, estimation of a traffic environment improvement effect, study on traffic flow simulation technique based on traffic engineering, and study on traffic planning technique. As the diffusion strategy of ITS along Chinese circumstances, standardization and improvement of a multi- modal traffic system, navigation and its application system, and ETC (electronic toll collection) system are promising. Expectation for Japan and Japanese roles are as follows: Improvement of signal control, provision of information systems such as navigation, discussion on ITS technology such as ETC with Chinese specialists, and feasibility study on introduction of ITS technology for every Chinese district. (NEDO)

  2. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999. Development of technology to put photovoltaic power generation system for industrial use into practical use (Summary of comprehensive achievement); 1999 nendo sangyoyonado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kenkyu kaihatsu kanri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    NEDO is proceeding with the development of a technology to put photovoltaic power generation system for industrial use into practical use, with an aim of simultaneous solution of sustainable growth and environmental problems. In developing an advanced heat process type system, selection was made on high-performance refrigeration materials for a stand-alone type refrigeration system capable of dealing with levels of minus 20 degrees C or lower (Ti-Ni-Zr-Mn-V based hydrogen absorbing alloys for use at low temperatures, and La-Ni-Sn-Al based hydrogen absorbing alloys for regeneration use). Evaluations were given on the developed refrigeration system by using the dynamic property simulation technology. The developed system achieved a cold heat acquiring temperature of minus 20 degrees or lower, and a heat output of 1,500 kcal/hr or more under the conditions of outside air temperature of 28 degrees C, and collected solar heat temperature of 140 degrees C. CO2 reduction unit requirement was calculated from LCA on a solar heat utilization system with which the future technological development is expected to aim at. Themes proposed to be promoted in the future would include a direct heat utilization system such as the building material integrated system, a freezing and refrigeration system, a high-temperature light and heat collecting system, a harmful substance analyzing system, a high temperature utilizing fuel synthesizing system, a high-efficiency heat storing system, and a snowy cold region system. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1998 result report. Research/development on the energy overall development/utilization technology of gas hydrate resource; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Gas haidoreto shigen no energy sogo kaihatsu riyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This study is aimed at studying for survey of gas hydrate (GH) deposit required for GH resource development and gathering of it, and further at studying for industrial utilization technology development of GH which is different in formation condition depending on kind of gas with which it reacts. The results of FY 1998 are as follows. In the study of the situation of existence of gas hydrate in the tundra, the sedimentary environment of the tundra where natural gas hydrate exists was simulated in laboratory to measure thermal conductivity of the sediments including GH. In this fiscal year, design/fabrication/calibration were conducted of the GH synthesizer and thermal analyzer. In the study of GH gathering technology in the tundra, a technology is discussed for recovering gas from GH layer and at the same time substituting CO2 hydrate for GH by blowing CO2 into the geologic layer. In FY 1998, formation/dissociation behaviors were first studied of methane/CO2 mixture hydrate. For the overall energy development of GH resource and promotion of R and D of the utilization technology, studies were made on physical properties of GH and development of the usage. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1998 research report. R and D on advanced combustion technology under microgravity environment; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Bisho juryoku kankyo wo riyoshita kodo nensho gijutsu soshutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research was made on explication of a combustion phenomenon by using a microgravity facility, and a combustor possible to realize advanced combustion technology. In the basic research composed of 5 themes by the international joint research with NASA, 52 drop experiments using JAMIC's facility and 100 drop experiments using NASA's 2.2s drop tower were carried out. The themes are composed of an interaction in droplet arrays combustion, combustion of binary fuel sprays, combustion characteristics of solid fuel, flame dynamics around a lean flammability limit, and mass transfer around a combustion field. In the experiment using the microgravity experiment facility and analysis evaluation of the experimental data, studies were made on combustion and evaporation of fuel droplets, combustion characteristics of dense fuel, flammability limit, formation mechanism of NO{sub x} and an advanced combustor. For applying a pre-evaporating/pre- mixing combustion system to a combustor for aircraft engines, studies were made on some issues such as improvement of a combustion stability, NO{sub x} discharge characteristics, and optimum fuel atomizing. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1996 report on the cooperative research on the development of environmentally friendly high efficiency mineral resource extraction/treatment technology; 1996 nendo kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsu shigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This promotion project on the cooperative research aims at developing technology to efficiently extract and recover valuable metals including in large quantity in tailings of ores in the Republic of Kazakhstan in consideration of the environmental harmony. The support study in Japan was conducted as follows. As to the Nikolayevska low grade ore, high leaching speed and high leaching rate by grain refining were made possible. The coarse grain was also possible of leaching if leached for a long time. The sulfide froth is possible of leaching in fine grain and in the temperature range of 50 degrees C. The Zhezkent tailings were possible of leaching with sulfuric acid, by aeration, and in the range of medium temperature. The sulfide froth was possible of leaching in fine grain and at temperature of 50 degrees C. After filtration/washing and regrinding, high sampling rates of bulk concentrate and pyrite concentrate were obtained by sulfide flotation by zanthate. The Zhezkent copper concentrate was tested on various factors such as grain size, temperature, and washing/no washing, to confirm effects of bacteria. In the pre-observation test on Au and Ag leaching, cyanogen leaching test was conducted using Cu leaching residue. About Cu, studied were leaching (vat leaching, flotation froth machine agitation (temperature increase, bacteria)), solvent extraction, and electrowinning. About Au and Ag, studied were cyanogen leaching and process of adsorption of activated carbon. (NEDO)

  6. Research and development project in fiscal 1989 for fundamental technologies for next generation industries. Achievement report on research and development on electrically conductive polymeric materials; 1989 nendo dodensei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    With an objective to develop electric and electronic materials characterized by light weight, high corrosion resistance, and easy-to-process performance, and by having functions different from electricity conduction mechanism of metals, researches have been performed on fundamental technologies for electrically conductive polymeric materials. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1989. In new hydrocarbon conjugate polymers, researches were performed for the purpose of fabricating the conjugate system polymer and dopant complex system conductive thin films, and polyacene system polymer thin films. In developing the vehicular conjugate conductive materials, discussions were given on enhancing the molecular weight dependence and the conductivity by cross-linking the conjugate system, with regard to hydrocarbon system polymers that go through vehicular polymeric intermediates. In the research of vehicular graphite materials, it was discovered that mono-axial mono-plane PPV films and PTV films are graphitized. In developing the hetero aromatic system polymers, researches were advanced on the correlation among the gegen ions, high-order structures, and electric conductivity, mainly on polypyrrole. (NEDO)

  7. FY1995 four-terminal-device intelligent LSI system for real-time event recognition; 1995 nendo shunji ninshiki kino wo motta 4 tanshi device chino LSI no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Development of an intelligent LSI system having real-time response capability for real-word events. This is accomplished by enhancing the functionality of an elemental device, employing ultra-fine-grain parallelism and merging software directly in the LSI hardware. Intelligent functions are created directly on the LSI hardware, thus enabling real-time recognition by electronic systems. The origin of human intelligence lies in the huge memory data base acquired through one's life and the very fast search mechanism to recall the 'most similar' event to the current input. Based on this principle components of intelligent LSI systems have been developed. An analog EEPROM technology capable of storing 256 levels of data per cell without time-consuming write/verify operations has been developed. In situ monitoring of memory content during writing has allowed us high-accuracy data writing. A high-speed parallel-search engine for the minimum distance vector (an associator) has been developed using neuron MOS technology. The associator has been applied to the motion vector detector as an example, which has shown a very fast detection with an extremely simple hardware configuration. The association architecture has been applied to a real-time motion picture compression system, demonstrating three orders of magnitude higher performance than typical CISC processors (Pentium 166MHz). (NEDO)

  8. FY 1998 Report on research and development project. Research and development of human-cooperative/coexisting robot systems; 1998 nendo ningen kyocho kyozongata robot system kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This R and D project is aimed at development of the human-cooperative/coexisting robot systems with high safety and reliability, capable of performing complicated works cooperatively and in a coexisting manner with humans in human working and living spaces, in order to help improve safety and efficiency in various industrial areas, improve services and convenience in manufacturing and service areas, and create new industries. The trend surveys cover humanoid robot systems, remote control systems and simulators, and the application surveys cover services for humans, basic humanoids and entertainment communication. The 1998 R and D efforts include research and development, fabrication and surveys for the following themes; (1) fabrication of robot platforms for supporting manual works, (2) development of surrounded visual display systems, (3) development of robot arm manipulation and force displaying systems, (4) development of a dynamic simulator, (5) development of a distributed software platform, (6) researches and development of computation algorithm for kinematic chain dynamics, (7) development of motion teaching system for multi-functional robots, (8) investigation of trends in robotics technology, and (9) researches and surveys of robot application. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1996 large-scale industrial technology R and D project report. R and D on processing technology for creating advanced functions; 1996 nendo senshin kino soshutsu kako gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1996 development result on technology for creating advanced bio-affinity materials. The functionally gradient artificial tooth root with fine structure was fabricated by the following processes. The surface of a cylindrical Ti rod was first dry-jet-sprayed with ultrafine particles prepared by RF plasma, where its composition was changed continuously from Ti to alumina in a radial direction to form an FGM layer. The so-formed green composite was then sintered while heating the Ti side and alumina side at 1400K and 1800K, respectively. Compressive strength over 200MPa, durability of 10{sup 7} stress cycles at 1000N, and adhesion strength over 65MPa to substrates were obtained. As the outermost surface of the composite was coated with hydroxyapatite by plasma spraying, cell growth on the surface was confirmed without any contamination with heavy metals. This material is suitable for dental use in mechanical and chemical properties. Study was made on non- destructive analysis of FGM. A slant angle injection method was studied to increase the instrumental resolution power of Rutherford backscattering spectrometers. Composition modification was analyzed at a nm level quantitatively. Positron annihilation Doppler broadening was also measured. (NEDO)

  10. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Development of technology for energy use rationalization); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinaji ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (energy shiyo gorika gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The aim is to create inorganic materials with their functions well harmonized and with their reliability remarkably improved, and efforts are made to establish basic technologies with which structural control may be carried out simultaneously for multiple layers in in-process products through positive utilization of various chemical reactions in the materials synthesizing process. This fiscal year's achievements are stated below. A low-temperature pressure nitriding method is developed in which nitriding reaction directly involves the metal aluminum compact for conversion into ceramics, and an aluminum sintered body is produced capable of high thermal conduction of not less than 170w/mk with the original compact shape retained. By a heat treatment in a high-temperature pressure nitriding atmosphere, a success is attained in producing a silicon nitride ceramic body enhanced (150w/mk) in thermal conduction. It is clarified that the microwave-aided selective heating technology works effectively in enhancing the particle growth rate in a liquid-phase sinter system, and a success is won in increasing strength by virtue of the formation of particle-growing particles. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Environment-conscious industrial technology research and development project (Development of environmentally-friendly catalyst technology); 2000 nendo kankyo chowagata shokubai gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development and basic studies were conducted about novel catalysts which would help reduce impact on global environments. The efforts involved the development of (1) photocatalysts and (2) selective oxidation catalysts. In domain (1), a silicon semiconductor was manufactured for an integrated hydrogen generation catalytic membrane/silicon semiconductor/oxygen generation membrane system as a hybrid multilayer photocatalyst, and a fundamental one-layer type was fabricated. As for a system using a compound semiconductor CIGS (Cu(InGa)Se{sub 2})/CdS membrane, a CIGS membrane was completed, and CdS was deposited in layers to support platinum and it was found that water was decomposed under visible light irradiation although the bias voltage load was slight. In domain (2), the methanol and formaldehyde formation rates greatly increased when some MgO powder was installed in the reaction space in the vapor phase selective oxidation of methane in the presence of a catalyst which was a very small amount of nitrogen dioxide. (NEDO)

  12. FY 2000 Research and development of technology for medical and welfare equipment. Report on the comprehensive survey on welfare equipment; 2000 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu chosa hokokusho. Fukushi kiki sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The survey is conducted on the advanced basic and application technologies for medical and welfare equipment, e.g., biotechnology and drug delivery systems, to promote development of these technologies. For development of the gene-aided diagnostic system equipment for clinical purposes, surveys are conducted on current medical equipment and related technologies, and the results are summarized and pigeonholed for each equipment type. Also summarized are the small- to medium-sized enterprises which are considered to have techniques needed for development of sensors for heart disease treatment systems. For usability of welfare-related equipment products, investigations are made viewed from the designs oriented to human adaptability, human adaptable designs in the aging societies, and welfare-related problems in the aging societies and usability. The latest information on leading organizations and researchers is collected, for continuation and development of the usability programs for welfare-related equipment products, and also for inviting the current related technologies and researchers on life supporting for the aged in Japan to the programs. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1999 research cooperation project - the research cooperation on the protection of biodiversity and sustainable use, etc. Follow-up; 1999 nendo seibutsu tayosei hozen to jizokuteki riyo nado ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. Follow up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The follow-up for the research cooperation for Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand was conducted to make it possible that developing countries themselves protect biological resources in the tropical area, etc. and make the sustainable use of biological resources using bio-technology. In Indonesia, the follow-up was to be made for proceeding with the joint study for 'The study on the plant utilization technology - search for useful plant ingredients' reported by Professor Koshimizu, Kinki University. In Malaysia, considering that equipment is enough installed there and research leaders are very excellent, it is considered that the country is suitable for the partner of future joint research on microorganisms with Japan. Moreover, the merit in joint study is the cooperation in study of information system and culture collection. In Thailand, Japan told them that the study theme has to be made smaller toward the culture collection rich in content and the search for useful plants/bacteria. (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on the research and development of human sensory measurement application technology. 1. Outline; 1998 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1. Gaiyohen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    On the basis of the result of an analysis conducted for typical working conditions, indexing is proposed of combined fatigue/alertness impacts on physiology. Efforts are made to standardize measuring systems and to develop measured values into a database. Programs are developed for standardizing techniques of measuring on the free declaration basis the impression generated by things and space and for supporting such techniques. Structural impression models are constructed. From the relationship between the visual psychological/physiological quantities and the physical quantity of texture, a visual quality index is derived for textile goods. An index expression is developed into a formula in relation with habituation to noise and sensation of fatigue. Application cases are expanded in which the indices involving physiological sensation, environments, and product compatibility are reflected on the designs of daily-use commodities and living/working circumstances, and new data are accumulated. A data base model and a perspiration-capable mannequin is completed which estimates man's sensation upon exposure to heat. A common subjective technique of stress evaluation, an advanced technological infrastructure for fatigue indexing, and an experiment of respite environment-related cases with human sensation indices applied thereto are mentioned. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar energy system (weather survey). Part 1. Bibliography on solar radiation; 1974 nendo taiyo hosha ni kansuru bunken mokuroku. 1. Taiyo energy system no kenkyu kaihatsu (kisho chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

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