WorldWideScience

Sample records for national anti-poverty strategy

  1. On Anti-poverty Strategy for Poor Rural Areas in Minority Nationality Regions:Taking Minority Nationality Regions in Inner Mongolia for an Example%浅论民族地区的贫困农村的反贫困策略——以内蒙古民族地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜佳家

    2012-01-01

    Poverty is always a major problem that hinders the progress of human society,so eliminating poverty is the dream of mankind for thousands of years.Poverty not only shows in low income and living standard in the impoverished area,but also the fully backward state of social culture in poor areas.This paper discusses the causes of poor rural areas in minority nationality regions and anti-poverty strategies,aiming to improve the backwardness of poverty rural areas in minority nationality regions,and promote social harmony and progress.%贫困问题始终是困扰人类社会进步的重大问题,消除贫困是人类几千年来的梦想。贫困不仅表现在贫困地区低收入和低生活水平,还表现在贫困地区社会文化的全面落后状态。本论文探讨民族地区贫困农村的成因以及反贫困策略,通过开发式扶贫、参与式扶贫以及农村社会工作的介入,旨在改善民族地区贫困农村的落后状态,促进社会和谐进步发展。

  2. Cultural diversity and anti-poverty policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamont, Michèle; Small, Mario Luis

    2010-01-01

    This article examines how anti-poverty policy has considered the role of culture and how it ought to do so. While some have explained poverty as a function of the presumed cultural deficiency or distinctiveness of the poor, we suggest that these explanations have not been convincing and that policy requires a broader and more sophisticated understanding of the relationship between culture and behaviour. In fact, we suggest that cultural differences may be positively employed in comprehensive anti-poverty strategies.

  3. Anti-Poverty Strategies for the UK: Poverty and Crime Review

    OpenAIRE

    Webster, CS; Kingston, S

    2014-01-01

    This review of the literature about how and why poverty and crime influence one another, and the benefits to crime reduction of reducing poverty, looks at the implications for practical policies and strategies.

  4. American Poverty: The Role of Education, Training and Employment Strategies in the New Anti-Poverty Struggle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evaluation Forum, 1994

    1994-01-01

    This document, which is directed toward employment and training professionals analyzing/researching policies and issues in education, occupational training, work and welfare, and economic development, contains feature articles, commentary, interviews, and other information on the role of education, training, and employment strategies in reducing…

  5. Cultural Diversity and Anti-Poverty Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamont, Michele; Small, Mario Luis

    2010-01-01

    This article examines how anti-poverty policy has considered the role of culture and how it ought to do so. While some have explained poverty as a function of the presumed cultural deficiency or distinctiveness of the poor, we suggest that these explanations have not been convincing and that policy requires a broader and more sophisticated…

  6. No Child Left Behind as an Anti-Poverty Measure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anyon, Jean; Greene, Kiersten

    2007-01-01

    This article argues that, although No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is not presented as a jobs policy, the Act does function as a substitute for the creation of decently paying jobs for those who need them. Aimed particularly at the minority poor like its 1965 predecessor, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, NCLB acts as an anti-poverty program…

  7. Minimum Wages and Anti-Poverty Policies (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    Ohtake, Fumio

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the effectiveness of minimum wages as an anti-poverty policy based on the textbook labor market model and recent empirical research. In a competitive labor market, it is well known that minimum wages either have a negative or no effect on employment. In a monopsony labor market, a rise in the minimum wage rate may increase both wages and employment. Although most of the empirical research on this topic overseas show that an increase in minimum wages decreases employment, s...

  8. National Privacy Research Strategy

    Data.gov (United States)

    Networking and Information Technology Research and Development, Executive Office of the President — On July 1, NITRD released the National Privacy Research Strategy. Research agencies across government participated in the development of the strategy, reviewing...

  9. Comprehensive national energy strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    This Comprehensive National Energy Strategy sets forth a set of five common sense goals for national energy policy: (1) improve the efficiency of the energy system, (2) ensure against energy disruptions, (3) promote energy production and use in ways that respect health and environmental values, (4) expand future energy choices, and (5) cooperate internationally on global issues. These goals are further elaborated by a series of objectives and strategies to illustrate how the goals will be achieved. Taken together, the goals, objectives, and strategies form a blueprint for the specific programs, projects, initiatives, investments, and other actions that will be developed and undertaken by the Federal Government, with significant emphasis on the importance of the scientific and technological advancements that will allow implementation of this Comprehensive National Energy Strategy. Moreover, the statutory requirement of regular submissions of national energy policy plans ensures that this framework can be modified to reflect evolving conditions, such as better knowledge of our surroundings, changes in energy markets, and advances in technology. This Strategy, then, should be thought of as a living document. Finally, this plan benefited from the comments and suggestions of numerous individuals and organizations, both inside and outside of government. The Summary of Public Comments, located at the end of this document, describes the public participation process and summarizes the comments that were received. 8 figs.

  10. Promoting the Positive Development of Boys in High-Poverty Neighborhoods: Evidence from Four Anti-Poverty Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Emily K.; Castells, Nina; Duncan, Greg; Gennetian, Lisa; Magnuson, Katherine; Morris, Pamela

    2013-01-01

    This study uses geocoded address data and information about parents' economic behavior and children's development from four random-assignment welfare and anti-poverty experiments conducted during the 1990s. We find that the impacts of these welfare and anti-poverty programs on boys' and girls' developmental outcomes during the transition to early…

  11. Promoting the Positive Development of Boys in High-Poverty Neighborhoods: Evidence from Four Anti-Poverty Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Emily K.; Castells, Nina; Duncan, Greg; Gennetian, Lisa; Magnuson, Katherine; Morris, Pamela

    2013-01-01

    This study uses geocoded address data and information about parents' economic behavior and children's development from four random-assignment welfare and anti-poverty experiments conducted during the 1990s. We find that the impacts of these welfare and anti-poverty programs on boys' and girls' developmental outcomes during the transition to early…

  12. Intelligent National Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    China has unveiled a strategic plan aimed at strengthening I PR protection and enhancing the country’s overall competitiveness China’s State Council published the Outline of the National Intellectual Property Strategy in early June, taking on one of the country’s major bugbears. The plan aims to improve the use of intellectual property rights (IPR) by 2020 and consists of a preface, guiding prin- ciples and strategic goals, strategic focuses,

  13. Soviet Anti-Poverty Policy 1955-1975. Discussion Papers 402-77.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuley, Alastair

    This paper assesses the nature and extent of poverty in the USSR in the post-Stalin period, primarily in the decade after 1958. The author describes Soviet anti-poverty policies and discusses their impact. He notes that the Soviet government's ability to influence economic welfare and income distribution lies in its control over wage and salary…

  14. Cumulative receipt of an anti-poverty tax credit for families did not impact tobacco smoking among parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pega, Frank; Gilsanz, Paola; Kawachi, Ichiro; Wilson, Nick; Blakely, Tony

    2017-04-01

    The effect of anti-poverty tax credit interventions on tobacco consumption is unclear. Previous studies have estimated short-term effects, did not isolate the effects of cumulative dose of tax credits, produced conflicting results, and used methods with limited control for some time-varying confounders (e.g., those affected by prior treatment) and treatment regimen (i.e., study participants' tax credit receipt pattern over time). We estimated the longer-term, cumulative effect of New Zealand's Family Tax Credit (FTC) on tobacco consumption, using a natural experiment (administrative errors leading to exogenous variation in FTC receipt) and methods specifically for controlling confounding, reverse causation, and treatment regimen. We extracted seven waves (2002-2009) of the nationally representative Survey of Family, Income and Employment including 4404 working-age (18-65 years) parents in families. The exposure was the total numbers of years of receiving FTC. The outcomes were regular smoking and the average daily number of cigarettes usually smoked at wave 7. We estimated average treatment effects using inverse probability of treatment weighting and marginal structural modelling. Each additional year of receiving FTC affected neither the odds of regular tobacco smoking among all parents (odds ratio 1.02, 95% confidence interval 0.94-1.11), nor the number of cigarettes smoked among parents who smoked regularly (rate ratio 1.01, 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.03). We found no evidence for an association between the cumulative number of years of receiving an anti-poverty tax credit and tobacco smoking or consumption among parents. The assumptions of marginal structural modelling are quite demanding, and we therefore cannot rule out residual confounding. Nonetheless, our results suggest that tax credit programme participation will not increase tobacco consumption among poor parents, at least in this high-income country. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights

  15. The Family Compensation System as an Anti-Poverty Initiative in Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Cajiao, Francisco; International Workshop of the Anti-Poverty Partnership Initatives Trust Fund (APPI Trust Fund): Fighting Urban Poverty,

    2001-01-01

    This report was presented in the session 'Fighting Exclusion and Providing Social Services' at the International Workshop of the Anti-Poverty Partnership Initiatives Trust Fund: Fighting Urban Poverty, (April 18-19 2001, York University). It looks primarily at the social situation of Colombia in the 1990s, with a focus on inequality, income distribution, and the family as a social institution. The author sees the System as an initiative in the fight against poverty en Colombia and argues t...

  16. 非洲反贫穷的困境与中国扶贫模式植入的路径%An Exploration of Anti-Poverty Dilemma in Africa and the Routes of China’s Anti-Poverty Model Implantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志章

    2013-01-01

    China is the world’s largest developing country,while Africa is the continent where a large number of developing countries and poor countries lie,with a total of impoverished population of about 380 million. The anti-poverty in Africa is not only the obligation of African countries,but also the responsibilities of the developed world. Since the reform and opening to the outside world,China has made great achievements in anti-poverty,and also accumulated valuable experiences,and set up many new models for the world anti-poverty,which are highly commented by some international organizations and countries including the United Nations Development Program. The paper,based on the human civilization-sharing theory, makes an analysis of the dilemma of anti-poverty in Africa and a review of the world significance of China’s anti-poverty achievements. Finally,the au ̄thor puts forward the routes of implanting Chinese experiences of anti-poverty to Africa. It is not only helpful to expand China’s new thinking of fulfilling her internationalist obligations,to enhance China’s national image and influence,and to build interna ̄tional discourse system of China’s anti-poverty theory,but also can provide the theoretical support and practical reference for the government department concerned.%  中国是世界上最大的发展中国家;而非洲是世界上发展中国家最集中的大陆,也是贫穷国家最集中的地区,贫困人口约3.8亿.因此,做好非洲的反贫困工作既是非洲各国的责任,也是先发国家应尽的义务.改革开放以来,中国已经取得了扶贫的伟大成就,为世界反贫困积累了宝贵经验,探索出许多新模式、新经验,赢得了包括联合国开发署在内的一些国际组织和国家的高度评价.文章从人类文明成果分享的视角,通过对非洲反贫穷的困境解析、中国扶贫成就的世界意义梳理,构建起中国扶贫经验植入非洲的路径.这不

  17. Teaching-Learning Practice for "Anti-Poverty" and Learning about "Worker's Rights" and "Labor Law"

    OpenAIRE

    白石, 陽一; シライシ, ヨウイチ; Shiraishi, Yoichi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to clarify the contents of a basic course on teaching-learning practice for "anti-poverty". The first problem of this practice is to tell the student realistically about the on-site facts of workers. The second problem is to teach them about the worker's rights, labor law, and the workernetwork. In the class at the labor education, I critically examine the ideology of "self-responsibility" at the work site. After this process, the ability of the student to utilize...

  18. National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    isolation that denies us the ability to shape outcomes. Indeed, America has never succeeded through isolationism . As the nation that helped to build our...more and spending less; by resisting protectionism and promoting trade that is free and fair; by coordinating our actions with other countries, and

  19. Technological Strategies and National Purpose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilpin, Robert

    1970-01-01

    Discusses the international and domestic implications of technological growth. Defines three basic national strategies: a broad front approach, scientific and technological specialization and importation. Analyzes the strategies followed by form countries - France, the United States, Sweden, and Japan- to illustrate the alternatives and the…

  20. Technological Strategies and National Purpose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilpin, Robert

    1970-01-01

    Discusses the international and domestic implications of technological growth. Defines three basic national strategies: a broad front approach, scientific and technological specialization and importation. Analyzes the strategies followed by form countries - France, the United States, Sweden, and Japan- to illustrate the alternatives and the…

  1. National Drug Control Strategy, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In May of 2010, President Obama released the Administration's inaugural "National Drug Control Strategy". Based on the premise that drug use and its consequences pose a threat not just to public safety, but also to public health, the 2010 "Strategy" represented the first comprehensive rebalancing of Federal drug control policy in the nearly 40…

  2. National HIV/AIDS Strategy

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-02-01

    Dr. Kevin Fenton, Director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, talks about the importance of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy and the work of CDC.  Created: 2/1/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 2/1/2012.

  3. 货币论及其产生的反贫困政策的利弊分析%Monetary Approach and Its Anti-Poverty Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉小峰

    2014-01-01

    To date,many approaches have been carried out to reduce poverty and improve the living standard of the poor. When dealing with the issues of reducing poverty,two questions will be faced inevitably:how to measure poverty and what policies should be taken based on the measurement. According to different theoretical framework,there are six approaches to measure poverty. Within the six methods,in practice,the monetary approach is mostly commonly used,what ever at national level or global level. Also,the anti-poverty policies are usually targeting support,which are based on the monetary approach. The monetary measurement has its obvious advantage,as well as the weakness. Therefore,this essay will focus on the assessment of this approach and its anti-poverty policies.%当今世界有很多方法被用于减少贫困,提高人们生活水平。在处理减少贫困这个问题时,有两个方面的内容不可避免---如何测量贫困和如何根据测量方法制定反贫困政策。根据不同的理论框架,主要有六种测量贫困的方法,其中最主流的就是货币论。本文将对货币论及其产生的反贫困政策的优势及不足进行分析。

  4. 英国反贫困的地域政策及对中国的规划启示%British Anti-poverty Area-based Policies and Planning Implications for China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁媛; 伍彬

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the classifications, contents and arguments of the British anti-poverty policies, and focuses on the connotations and development stages of the Area-Based Policies. Choosing the New Deal for Communities as an example, the paper sums up specific strategies and experiences of Area-Based Policies. Then it analyzes the characteristics and limitations of anti-poverty policies in transitional Chinese cities and puts forward Planning Implications. This research will help the Chinese cities to make more reasonable anti-poverty Area-Based Policies, and it is of certain reference value for the urban regeneration and community planning. It also has certain significance to promote harmonious society and social justice in planning discipline.%本文通过梳理英国反贫困政策的分类、内容和争论,重点研究反贫困的地域政策(Area-Based Policies/Approaches)的内涵、发展阶段,以社区新政(New Deal for Communities)为例总结其具体内容和经验教训;分析新时期中国城市以贫困人口政策为主导的反贫困政策的局限性,探讨英国地域政策对中国城市规划的启示.本文有助于中国城市制定更加合理的反贫困的地域政策,对城市更新和社区规划编制有一定的借鉴价值,对于在规划领域促进社会和谐公平发展有一定参考意义.

  5. National Infrastructure Maintenance Strategy and its implementation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wall, K

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The National Infrastructure Maintenance Strategy (NIMS) was approved by Cabinet in 2006. This Strategy sets overarching policy for sector-based initiatives and describes the framework for a coordinated programme of actions. It is an essential part...

  6. Progress with the national infrastructure maintenance strategy

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wall, K

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The National Infrastructure Maintenance Strategy was approved by Cabinet in August 2006. This strategy sets overarching policy for sector-based initiatives, and describes the framework for a coordinated programme of actions. Simultaneous...

  7. National infrastructure maintenance strategy for South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wall, K

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available especially in respect of those at local government level. The National Infrastructure Maintenance Strategy sets overarching national policy for sector-based initiatives, and describes the framework for a coordinated programme of actions. Simultaneous...

  8. Improving the National Strategy Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    incrementally) under the stress of two wars and the events since 9-11. The current process is fundamentally sound in theory . Paul Miller observed, “One...Strategy: Historicizing Psychology, Policy, and Politics.” Diplomatic History, Vol.32, no. 1 (January 2008): 3. 23 Ibid., 7-8. 24 Flournoy and

  9. Ten national cyber security strategies: A comparison

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiijf, H.A.M.; Besseling, K. van; Spoelstra, M.; Graaf, P. de

    2013-01-01

    A number of nations developed and published a national cyber security strategy (NCSS). Most of them were published in the period 2009 - 2011. Despite the fact that each of these NCSS intends to address the cyber security threat, large differences exist between the NCSS approaches. This paper analyse

  10. Parents' Participation in a Work-Based Anti-Poverty Program Can Enhance Their Children's Future Orientation: Understanding Pathways of Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purtell, Kelly M.; McLoyd, Vonnie C.

    2013-01-01

    Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on…

  11. A National Strategy for an Uncertain Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-01

    Introduction by Samuel B. Griffith, (London: Oxford University Press, 1963), p. 84. 2. Robert W. Komer, "Thinking About Strategy: A Practitioner’s...in US Strategy ed. Frank R. Barnett, B. Hugh Tovar , and Richard H. Shultz (Washington: National Defense University Press, 1984), p. 274. 6. Brian M...and with an Introduction by Samuel B. Griffith (London: Oxford University Press, 1963), p. 77. 18. Belisarius, 505-565. 74 .*. .•*r¶ •-"r

  12. National eHealth strategy toolkit

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Worldwide the application of information and communication technologies to support national health-care services is rapidly expanding and increasingly important. This is especially so at a time when all health systems face stringent economic challenges and greater demands to provide more and better care especially to those most in need. The National eHealth Strategy Toolkit is an expert practical guide that provides governments their ministries and stakeholders with a solid foundation and method for the development and implementation of a national eHealth vision action plan and monitoring fram

  13. Cuba's National eHealth Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Ariel; Gorry, Conner

    2008-01-01

    Cuba has been building a national strategy using information and communication technologies (ICTs) for health since the establishment of the National Medical Sciences Information Center (CNICM) in 1965. Back then, vital statistics and health data - considered a cornerstone of the country's new universal health system - were transmitted by hand or over the phone. As technology grew more sophisticated over the next 30 years, microprocessors and computers were integrated into the process. In 1992, reeling from economic crisis, Cuba founded the national health telematics network known as INFOMED (www.sld.cu), betting on the strategy that ICTs could be used to improve population health at low cost. From these initial efforts until today, the country has followed a policy to build and strengthen a virtual health information infrastructure.[1].

  14. National policies and strategies for noncommunicable diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendis, Shanthi; Fuster, Valentin

    2009-11-01

    Good public policies are vital for protecting the health of populations. For the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCD), a single national policy is essential. Such a policy ensures clarity of vision and purpose, sets the platform for joint action to address risk factors and determinants that are shared by major NCDs, and provides coherence with other health and social policies. A national NCD policy also provides an overarching framework that enables governments to combine and balance synergistic public health strategies that target the whole population and those that target high-risk groups. Given that the adopted strategies are evidence-based and cost-effective, national NCD policy development can provide a strong basis for appropriate legislation and regulation in relation to tobacco control and promotion of healthy diet and physical activity. A national policy also serves as a vehicle to facilitate efficient and effective use of available public finances for NCD-related health care, while safeguarding equity. For the reasons alluded to above, a single national NCD policy is more appropriate than separate national polices for each individual NCD, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries that have a critical shortage of human and financial resources, including those necessary for policy development and implementation.

  15. How Nation-States Craft National Security Strategy Documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    the NSS should not be lim- ited to accommodate anti-Iraq policy isolationism, economic trade protectionism , and anti-immigration desires, but rather...also be directed at other actors in the international system, such as other nation-states or entities that are potential threats that are considered...any constraints or restraints, such as resource considerations like money or time for the strategy, what threats and opportunities were established

  16. ANTI-POVERTY EXISTING PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES OF THE VILLAGE AND HERDING AREA OF TIBET%西藏农牧区反贫困存在的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨阿维; 张建伟

    2015-01-01

    . This article is based on the current situation of poverty in Tibetan pastoral areas. From the heavy task of narrowing the gap of anti-poverty in Tibetan pastoral areas, the narrow channels of farmers' in-come, the high cost of development and the difficulty of anti-poverty goals and tasks, it analyzes the historical da-ta of the poverty alleviation Objects and development funds in Tibetan pastoral areas before the " twelfth five -year" and also the data during the period of " twelfth five-year" , discusses the anti-poverty measures and ra-tional suggestions in Tibetan pastoral areas and points out that the key to solve the poverty problems in Tibetan pas-toral areas is the Sustainable development of population, industry development , social service level and the imple-mentation of a migration.

  17. Linking Acquisition Decisionmaking With National Military Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-10-01

    initially conduct a national-level review of strategy. Secretary Weinberger believed that the Carter Administration was buying the For a description of the...Laboratories Industry Command User Sponsor Research and Development Basic aseardch before 0 Hgh Low LUW -(La. -n.a. rLnL Exloratory Development about 0 LOW...High ligh Low Low Low Tedinoy Devio*pent I -nA.&* Medum High Medum "Mem M•dum Engieering Developmant 2 -n.fl Med- Hgh ligh Hih Medumi Medum Advanced

  18. Greater Sage-Grouse National Research Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanser, Steven E.; Manier, Daniel J.

    2013-01-01

    The condition of the sagebrush ecosystem has been declining in the Western United States, and greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), a sagebrush-obligate species, has experienced concurrent decreases in distribution and population numbers. This has prompted substantial research and management over the past two decades to improve the understanding of sage-grouse and its habitats and to address the observed decreases in distribution and population numbers. The amount of research and management has increased as the year 2015 approaches, which is when the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is expected to make a final decision about whether or not to protect the species under the Endangered Species Act. In 2012, the Sage-Grouse Executive Oversight Committee (EOC) of the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA) requested that the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) lead the development of a Greater Sage-Grouse National Research Strategy (hereafter Research Strategy). This request was motivated by a practical need to systematically connect existing research and conservation plans with persisting or emerging information needs. Managers and researchers also wanted to reduce redundancy and help focus limited funds on the highest priority research and management issues. The USGS undertook the development of this Research Strategy, which addresses information and science relating to the greater sage-grouse and its habitat across portions of 11 Western States. This Research Strategy provides an outline of important research topics to ensure that science information gaps are identified and documented in a comprehensive manner. Further, by identifying priority topics and critical information needed for planning, research, and resource management, it provides a structure to help coordinate members of an expansive research and management community in their efforts to conduct priority research.

  19. Europe adapts to climate change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biesbroek, G. Robbert; Swart, Rob J.; Carter, Timothy R.

    2010-01-01

    to develop National Adaptation Strategies (NASs). This paper reviews seven National Adaptation Strategies that were either formally adopted or under development by Member States at the end of 2008. The strategies are analysed under the following six themes. Firstly, the factors motivating and facilitating...... the development of a national adaptation strategy. Secondly, the scientific and technical support needed for the development and implementation of such a strategy. Thirdly, the role of the strategy in information, communication and awareness-raising of the adaptation issue. Fourthly, new or existing forms...... of multi-level governance to implement the proposed actions. Fifthly, how the strategy addresses integration and coordination with other policy domains. Finally, how the strategy suggests the implementation and how the strategy is evaluated. The paper notes that the role of National Adaptation Strategies...

  20. Parents’ Participation in a Work-Based Anti-Poverty Program Can Enhance Their Children's Future Orientation: Understanding Pathways of Influence

    OpenAIRE

    Purtell, Kelly M.; MCLOYD, VONNIE C.

    2012-01-01

    Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on youths’ career-related thoughts and planning. The New Hope project was implemented in Milwaukee, WI, during the mid-1990s. 745 families participated ...

  1. Medical Diplomacy: A Tool for Enabling National Security Strategy Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    Biosurveillance Coordinating Unit CDC Oversees the National Biosurveillance Strategy. Outlined in Homeland Security Presidential Directive-21...addresses global disease outbreaks National Biosurveillance System DHS National Biosurveillance Information Center Around-the-clock domestic... biosurveillance Medical countermeasures National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH Conduct and support research aimed at developing

  2. The United States National Security Strategy: Grand Strategy or Propaganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-15

    Hegel was right when he said that we learn from history that man can never learn anything from history.” George Bernard Shaw 58 July 26th, 2007...nation more challenging.124 As Taylor and Snider explain, “With the global diffusion of power, national policy also becomes less fungible, less...124 William J. Taylor and Don M Snider, “U.S. National Security Agenda and U.S. National Security Policy: Realities and Dilemmas,” The

  3. Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Australian Journal of Career Development, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The National Career Development Strategy Green Paper paper proposes a strategy that is committed to these principles: (1) quality through Career Industry Council of Australia (CICA) benchmarking, quality frameworks and processes and as a risk management strategy; (2) lifetime access to career development services; (3) development of career…

  4. Developments in national climate change mitigation legislation and strategy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dubash, N.K.; Hagemann, M.; Höhne, N.; Upadhyaya, P.

    2013-01-01

    The results are presented from a survey of national legislation and strategies to mitigate climate change covering almost all United Nations member states between 2007 and 2012. This data set is distinguished from the existing literature in its breadth of coverage, its focus on national policies (ra

  5. Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-07-01

    possible strategy by examining it for suitability, acceptability, and feasibility. Those three adverbs test each of the three components of strategy...see Karl Deutsch , The Analysis of International Relations (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1968), pp. 21-39. 38 Robert Jervis, Perceptions and

  6. Research on Anti-poverty Funds Administration of China and Foreign Countries%中外扶贫资金管理研究(一)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张季

    2001-01-01

    反贫困是全世界的任务。反贫困需要资金支持。研究资金、货币及其转化形式在扶贫工作中的运转效率和作用,是研究扶贫问题的一个切入点。国外扶贫工作中的许多资金管理和运作经验值得我们学习。事实上,我国目前进行的许多扶贫资金运行模式(如小额信贷)就是向国外学习的。值得注意的是,在经济全球化、和平与发展、可持续发展的主题下,反对贫困,拯救穷人已成为国际性话题,成为全球性的热点问题和共同行动之一。许多国家政府、国际合作组织、金融机构和民间组织都在不同的领域设立了专门基金,用于支持贫困国家、贫困地区和贫困人群的发展。因此,研究国际扶贫资金的资助渠道、支持领域及管理特点,对于我们更多地争取、利用国外资金,以弥补我国扶贫资金不足问题,具有重要的意义。%Anti-poverty, one of th major tasks facing the world today, needs the support of capital. It is necessary to study the effects and efficiency of capital, money and their variations in poverty reduction when we attempt to find ways to reduce poverty. Some foreign countries have accumulated more experiences in capital administration and operation and we can learn from them. In fact, many operation models of anti-poverty capital that we are using, for instance, small-amount loans, are learnt from other countries. It is to be noted that anti-poverty and helping the poor has been an international concern,and many countries have made joint efforts to deal with it, when global economy, peace, development and sustainable development are the themes of the world. A large number of governments, international cooperation organizations, financial setups and nongovernmental organizations have established special funds to aid poverty-stricken countries, regions and peoples. It is of significance to study the channels, covering fields and

  7. Law and Economics Analysis to the Anti-Poverty%法经济学视野中的反贫困研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田开友; 阮丽娟

    2009-01-01

    在法经济学看来,当前中国贫困问题的产生根源主要体现为反贫困法律制度供给不均衡和法律程序制定的垄断收益.基于此,中国反贫困法律制度的有效供给应以宪法中有关公民基本权利的规定为依据,以物权法为基础,以经济法、社会保障法、劳动法以及自然资源与环境保护法等社会法为主要内容,由专门性反贫困立法和相关性制度建设共生形成的制度系统.%In View of Law and Economics, The roots of China's current problem of poverty are mainly reflected by the supply for not balanced legal system and monopoly revenue of legal procedures enacted. Based on this, China's anti-poverty legal system should be a symbiotic system that effectively supplys for basic civil rights relating to the Constitution (especially the right to life, the right to development, the right to obtain relief, etc.) , property law as the basis, economic law,social Security Law, Labor Law and Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, and other social law as the main content, and special anti-poverty legislation and relationed institution building.

  8. Young child poverty in the United States: Analyzing trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs using the Supplemental Poverty Measure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pac, Jessica; Nam, JaeHyun; Waldfogel, Jane; Wimer, Christopher

    2017-01-01

    Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. still face a much higher rate of poverty than do older children in the U.S. They also continue to have a much higher poverty rate than do young children in other developed countries around the world. In this paper, we provide a detailed analysis of trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs in addressing poverty among young children, using an improved measure of poverty, the Supplemental Poverty Measure. We examine changes over time and the current status, both for young children overall and for key subgroups (by child age, and by child race/ethnicity). Our findings can be summarized in three key points. First, poverty among all young children age 0–5 years has fallen since the beginning of our time series; but absent the safety net, today’s poverty rate among young children would be identical to or higher than it was in 1968. Second, the safety net plays an increasing role in reducing the poverty of young children, especially among Black non-Hispanic children, whose poverty rate would otherwise be 20.8 percentage points higher in 2013. Third, the composition of support has changed from virtually all cash transfers in 1968, to about one third each of cash, credit and in-kind transfers today. PMID:28659652

  9. Walnut Creek National Wildlife 1993 planting strategy

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The following is a summary of seed and ecotypes of seed available for planting on WNT, as well as development of planting and subsequent management strategies:

  10. National Security Strategy: What About the Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-02-27

    and South Korea, to seabed mining and drilling rights in countries surrounding the Caspian Sea. According to Ambassador Jan Kubis , Secretary General of...national economy, distribute wealth, and provide basic goods and services. Kubis notes, “Such environmental pressures 8 could make social polarization...the U.S. interest (Washington, D.C.: Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, 2001), x. 21 7 Ibid. 8 Jan Kubis , “Initiative For Change,” Our

  11. National Strategies for Public Library Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kann-Christensen, Nanna

    2010-01-01

    by The Danish Agency for Libraries and Media, and The Swedish Arts Council, who both administer development grants to public libraries. The paper identifies both differences and similarities in both the means to (the political agendas) and the objectives of governmental influence in the libraries.......The economic rationale of New Public Management (NPM) is used in both Sweden and Denmark in order to employ the national cultural policies in local development projects. The paper discusses two different organizational models that are used in order for the national level to be able to exercise...... policies on the local level are discussed. according to the national goals and cultural policies for libraries. This is done in order to point towards a possible relationship between the political means and ends regarding library development. The two models to be discussed are the systems practiced...

  12. Transforming and contesting nation branding strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Carina Bregnholm; Gyimóthy, Szilvia

    2013-01-01

    The article presents and discusses different strategic communication approaches to Danish nation branding with a special focus on changed practices over time – identifying a shift from streamlined campaigns pursuing uniqueness to pluralist narratives and “events of endorsement”. The aim is to con......The article presents and discusses different strategic communication approaches to Danish nation branding with a special focus on changed practices over time – identifying a shift from streamlined campaigns pursuing uniqueness to pluralist narratives and “events of endorsement”. The aim...

  13. National strategies for physical activity promotion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wink, G.; Vlasveld, A.; Vaandrager, L.; Kronenburg, J.

    2009-01-01

    Op 13 en 14 november 2008 kwamen vijftig professionals uit vijftien verschillende Europese landen bijeen in Wageningen om kennis en ervaring uit te wisselen over nationale strategieën voor beweegstimulering. De internationale werkconferentie werd georganiseerd door het Nederlands Instituut voor Spor

  14. National Strategy for Modernizing the Regulatory System for Biotechnology Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    This National Strategy for Modernizing the Regulatory System for Biotechnology Products sets forth a vision for ensuring that the federal regulatory system is prepared to efficiently assess the risks, if any, of the future products of biotechnology.

  15. News Note: National Strategy for Multi-wavelength Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has released the National Strategy for Multiwavelength Astronomy, which is intended to allow South Africa to take full advantage of its geographical advantages, and to maximise the return on investment made in astronomy.

  16. 扶贫开发视域下的农牧民政治心理探析--以甘肃民族地区为例%Analysis of the Political Psychology of Peasants and Herders from the Perspective of Anti-poverty and Development--Taking Minority Areas in Gansu Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁军; 杨瑚

    2014-01-01

    Traditional culture has influenced the development of economy and society and the result of national anti-poverty and development policy .Only by strengthening the common political cognition to reach an universal consen -sus, forming a sense of democracy and a concept of equality , putting more efforts into the conversion from traditional political culture to modern political culture , trying hard to cultivate the positive political psychology in peasants and herders in minority areas , can we create a solid cultural atmosphere and political soft environment for the anti -poverty and development in minority areas in Gansu province and foster the implement of the policy effectively .%传统政治心理影响了甘肃民族地区经济社会的发展和扶贫开发的效果,只有强化共同的政治认知,达成高度的政治共识,树立民主意识和平等观念,加大传统政治文化向现代政治文化转变的力度,努力培育甘肃民族地区农牧民积极的政治心理,为甘肃民族地区的扶贫开发营造良好的文化氛围和政治环境,才能增强甘肃民族地区扶贫开发的实际效果。

  17. National Strategies Capabilities for a Changing World

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-11-01

    addition of unneeded items to the defense budget are examples of actions taken in Congress that thwart bipartisanship . Presidential leadership is...are unclear. On the subject of Congress’s role in national security, Senator Levin’s call for greater bipartisanship and a less parochial approach

  18. From National to Theater: Developing Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    important to set priorities. Hans Morgenthau differentiated between vital national interests and secondary interests, which are more dif- ficult to...Hegemony on the Cheap,” World Policy Journal 20, no. 4 (Winter 2003/2004). 12 Hans J. Morgenthau , The Impasse of Ameri- can Foreign Policy (Chicago

  19. A national cohesive wildland fire management strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forest Service U.S. Department of Agriculture; Office of Wildland Fire Coordination. Department of the Interior

    2011-01-01

    Addressing wildfire is not simply a fire management, fire operations, or wildland-urban interface problem - it is a larger, more complex land management and societal issue. The vision for the next century is to: Safely and effectively extinguish fire, when needed; use fire where allowable; manage our natural resources; and as a Nation, live with wildland fire. Three...

  20. National Military Strategy: Determinant, Resultant, or Figment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Individual Players-Eanthoven and Smith point out that fleshiag out details of a general strategy is a joint polit ical- economi -si lit ary exercise...Larger ubers . As ancient China is Looked to by historians seeking to understand the factors in success and failure of civilization, so too is the Roman...changing internal and external situations of Rome, but its continued success depended on its forces not being squandered-that is on economies of forces

  1. Foresight and strategy in national research councils and research programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Dannemand; Borup, Mads

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of foresight and strategy processes of national research councils and research programmes. It is based on a study of strategy processes in national research councils and programmes and the challenges faced by their strategy activities. We analysed the strategy...... processes of two organisations: the Danish Technical Research Council and the Danish Energy Research Programme. We analysed the mechanisms of the strategy processes and studied the actors involved. The actors’ understanding of strategy was also included in the analysis. Based on these analyses we argue...... that the impact of foresight exercises can be improved if we have a better understanding of the traditions and new challenges faced by the research councils. We also argue that a more formal use of foresight elements might improve the legitimacy and impact of the strategic considerations of research councils...

  2. Toward a National Standards Strategy Conference Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-02-01

    4 -47, zona 10 Guatemala , GUATEMALA Telephone: 502/331-8102 Fax: 502/368-1071 Email: renajera@concyt.gob.gt Michael Newman NIST Public and...needed. 4 . Development of industry standards should be approached on a sectoral basis. vii 5. Electronic information transfer is a cornerstone for...participation, fund expenses, and even isolate national bodies that do not. 4 . The European Association for the Coordination of Consumer Representation

  3. Evaluation of the National Teenage Pregnancy Strategy: final synthesis report

    OpenAIRE

    Wellings, Kaye; Wilkinson, Paul; Kane, Ros

    2005-01-01

    The Teenage Pregnancy Strategy in England, published in June 1999, is a multifaceted strategy that includes action to both halve the under 18 conception rate by 2010 and provide support to teenage parents to reduce the long term risk of social exclusion by increasing the proportion in education, training and employment. The Strategy has four major components: 1) a national media awareness campaign via independent radio and teenage magazines, 2) joined up action to ensure that ...

  4. Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

    1993-01-01

    Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

  5. Mainstreaming Children into National Poverty Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balcha, Berhanu; Jones, Nicola; Tefera, Bekele

    The purpose of this paper is to assess how the needs of children are incorporated into Ethiopia¿s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)¿known as the Ethiopian Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Programme 2002-2005 (SDRDP) ¿and to develop policy recommendations for the second PRSP based...... on a comparative content analysis with other countries¿ PRSPs. The paper begins by identifying the key ingredients of a child-centred PRSP, including: consideration of childhood poverty in the document¿s poverty analysis; spaces for consultation with children; childspecific policies and programmes as well as child...... the multi-dimensionality of childhood poverty in Ethiopia....

  6. Mainstreaming Children into National Poverty Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balcha, Berhanu; Jones, Nicola; Tefera, Bekele

    The purpose of this paper is to assess how the needs of children are incorporated into Ethiopia¿s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)¿known as the Ethiopian Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Programme 2002-2005 (SDRDP) ¿and to develop policy recommendations for the second PRSP based...... on a comparative content analysis with other countries¿ PRSPs. The paper begins by identifying the key ingredients of a child-centred PRSP, including: consideration of childhood poverty in the document¿s poverty analysis; spaces for consultation with children; childspecific policies and programmes as well as child...... the multi-dimensionality of childhood poverty in Ethiopia....

  7. National Strategies for Public Library Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kann-Christensen, Nanna

    2010-01-01

    policies on the local level are discussed. according to the national goals and cultural policies for libraries. This is done in order to point towards a possible relationship between the political means and ends regarding library development. The two models to be discussed are the systems practiced...... by The Danish Agency for Libraries and Media, and The Swedish Arts Council, who both administer development grants to public libraries. The paper identifies both differences and similarities in both the means to (the political agendas) and the objectives of governmental influence in the libraries....

  8. Comparison of Recruitment Strategy Outcomes in the National Children's Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Christina H; Winglee, Marianne; Kwan, Jennifer; Andrews, Linda; Hudak, Mark L

    2017-07-19

    In 2000, the US Congress authorized the National Institutes of Health to conduct a prospective national longitudinal study of environmental influences on children's health and development from birth through 21 years. Several recruitment methodologies were piloted to determine the optimal strategy for a main National Children's Study. After an initial pilot recruitment that used a household enumeration strategy performed poorly, the National Children's Study Vanguard Study developed and evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of 4 alternate strategies to recruit a large prospective national probability sample of pregnant women and their newborn children. We compare household-based recruitment, provider-based recruitment, direct outreach, and provider-based sampling (PBS) strategies with respect to overall recruitment success, efficiency, cost, and fulfillment of scientific requirements. Although all 5 strategies achieved similar enrollment rates (63%-81%) among eligible women, PBS achieved the highest recruitment success as measured by the ratio of observed-to-expected newborn enrollees per year of 0.99, exceeding those of the other strategies (range: 0.35-0.48). Because PBS could reach the enrollment target through sampling of high volume obstetric provider offices and birth hospitals, it achieved the lowest ratio of women screened to women enrolled and was also the least costly strategy. With the exception of direct outreach, all strategies enrolled a cohort of women whose demographics were similar to county natality data. PBS demonstrated the optimal combination of recruitment success, efficiency, cost, and population representativeness and serves as a model for the assembly of future prospective probability-based birth cohorts. Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  9. Analysis of the Poor Using Efficiency of Some Anti-poverty Funds and Suggestions on the Performance Improvement%部分扶贫资金使用绩效不高原因与绩效提升

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周军利

    2015-01-01

    To solve the problem of poverty, our country spends a lot of special funds for poverty alleviation every year, but some anti-poverty funds is not efficiently used. Based on the audit practice, the author analyzes why the using efficiency of some anti-poverty funds is poor and gives some suggestions on the performance improvement.%为解决贫困问题,我国每年投入大量扶贫专项资金,但扶贫专项资金并非全部被高效使用.本文结合审计实践分析总结了扶贫资金使用绩效差的一些原因,并提出几点提高扶贫资金使用绩效的建议.

  10. European national strategies to move towards very low energy buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wittchen, Kim Bjarne; Thomsen, Kirsten Engelund

    difficult. One way of promoting very low energy buildings is by various direct or indirect actions that make these kinds of buildings more attractive. The most popular support for low energy buildings is e.g. loans with low interest rates to finance low energy buildings. This is done either by means...... high energy performance. It is important to stress the need for MS to introduce a national or regional definition of very low energy buildings in their building regulation and to develop a national strategy towards this level of energy performance to become the standard. This market transformation...... the ambition in the EU Action plan - to develop an EU strategy towards very low energy houses. The current recast of the EPBD is an opportunity, which must not be missed to introduce the requirement to MS to define very low energy buildings and a national strategy towards this level of energy performance...

  11. Parents’ Participation in a Work-Based Anti-Poverty Program Can Enhance Their Children's Future Orientation: Understanding Pathways of Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purtell, Kelly M.; McLoyd, Vonnie C.

    2012-01-01

    Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on youths’ career-related thoughts and planning. The New Hope project was implemented in Milwaukee, WI, during the mid-1990s. 745 families participated (52% male children; 56% African American; 30% Latino, and 15% White non-Hispanic) and half were randomly selected to receive New Hope benefits, which included earnings supplements, job search assistance, and child and health care subsidies for three years. Importantly, effects on youths’ future orientation were found eight years after the program began (five years after benefits ended). The present study investigates what factors sustained these positive impacts over time. Results indicate that parental perceptions of reading performance mediate the effects of New Hope on youths’ cynicism about work. Additionally, parental perceptions of reading performance and youths’ educational expectations mediate the effects of New Hope on boys’ pessimism about future employment. These findings highlight the importance of youths’ educational development to their career-related thoughts and planning. PMID:22878938

  12. 河南省的贫困现状和反贫措施%The Present Poverty Situation and Anti-Poverty Measures in Henan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱连奇; 刘延斌

    2001-01-01

    This paper introduces some popular definitions and standards of poverty in the world, studies the feature and distribution of poverty areas in Henan Province, China. On the basis of analysis of poverty causes, some measures of anti-poverty suitable to Henan local conditions have been proposed, e.g., strengthening construction of fundamental facilities, improving environmental and ecological conditions, controlling increase of population, raising quality of the residents, exploiting dominant resources in series.%介绍了目前世界流行的一些关于贫困的概念和贫困的标准,研究了河南省贫困地区的特征和地理分布. 在分析了河南省贫困原因的基础上,提出了适合河南省情的反贫措施,例如,加强基础设施建设,改善环境和生态条件,控制人口增长,塌提高产量居民素质,开发当地的优势资源等.

  13. Evolution of Africa's Anti- Poverty Strategy: the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers%非洲脱贫战略的演进 --减贫战略报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安春英

    2005-01-01

    消除贫困是当今非洲国家实现经济和社会可持续发展道路上面临的一个重大难题,也是国际社会发展援助的核心.减贫战略报告的产生,表明世界银行和国际货币基金组织与非洲国家的合作载体已由原来的"结构调整计划"过渡到"减贫战略报告",大多数非洲国家以此作为近几年的国家减贫计划和行动纲领.从减贫战略报告提出的历史背景、制订过程以及主要内容来看,它为非洲国家解决贫困问题提供了新的国际合作平台.良好的治理结构、稳健的宏观政策和人民的积极参与是该战略取得成效的关键.

  14. Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Australian Journal of Career Development, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Career Development Association of Australia (CDAA) congratulates the Commonwealth Government on the development of the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper. This is a timely and important document that provides a framework to demonstrate the central contribution that career development services play in supporting individuals,…

  15. Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Australian Journal of Career Development, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Career Development Association of Australia (CDAA) congratulates the Commonwealth Government on the development of the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper. This is a timely and important document that provides a framework to demonstrate the central contribution that career development services play in supporting individuals,…

  16. Cybersecurity Strategy in Developing Nations: A Jamaica Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newmeyer, Kevin Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Developing nations have been slow to develop and implement cybersecurity strategies despite a growing threat to governance and public security arising from an increased dependency on Internet-connected systems in the developing world and rising cybercrime. Using a neorealist theoretical framework that draws from Gilpin and Waltz, this qualitative…

  17. Cybersecurity Strategy in Developing Nations: A Jamaica Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newmeyer, Kevin Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Developing nations have been slow to develop and implement cybersecurity strategies despite a growing threat to governance and public security arising from an increased dependency on Internet-connected systems in the developing world and rising cybercrime. Using a neorealist theoretical framework that draws from Gilpin and Waltz, this qualitative…

  18. National symbols and distinctiveness: rhetorical strategies in creating distinct national identities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finell, Eerika; Liebkind, Karmela

    2010-06-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine qualitatively how respondents create national distinctiveness using rhetorical identity strategies in the context of four Finnish national symbols. The data consist of 127 essays written by Finnish secondary school students. Analysis revealed five different strategies used to distinguish between the in-group and the out-group. These strategies differ on two dimensions: the level of polarization, and the extent to which the in-group-out-group relationship is depicted as being active versus passive. Furthermore, the analysis showed that the two dimensions of nationalism, particularism and universalism, have an important role in the differentiation processes and therefore highlighted the importance of taking into consideration ideological issues while studying social identities. The meaning of the contents of national identity in the differentiation processes is also discussed.

  19. Innovative strategy in the system of national economy management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.Ye. Teroshkina

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to analyse and to define intrinsic features of innovative strategy for further use of the best experience when developing mechanisms of formation and their realization in Ukraine. The results of the analysis. Eeconomic contents and interrelation of the concepts «development» and «innovative strategy» are defined. It is proved that use of the term «innovative development» is repetition of similar words according to the economic contents or if to be guided by logic, it is identical statements. Both there can’t be development without innovations, and innovations without development are impossible. The main approaches to scientific studying and understanding of essence of «innovative strategy» economic system which characterizes its certain aspect are defined, emphasizing the most essential differences and features. It is defined that innovative strategy represents the main strategy of high-quality growth of modern national economy; it is defined a common goal, model and development mechanisms, priorities, role of various participants in the course of its realization. Main types, features of innovative strategy at macrolevel, their place and value in system of public administration are also considered by national economy. The solution of a problem of restructuring of economy of Ukraine, maintenance of its competitiveness and providing economic security becomes possible only at realization of innovative strategy of the state, on the basis of continuous updating of technical base of production, improvement of its technological structure due to use of the innovations providing economy of expenses or creating conditions for such economy. The principles, the purposes and problems of innovative strategy in the Ukrainian conditions are defined. Conclusions and directions of further researches. Dynamics of business cycles, especially their last phase, confirm that the optimum model, capable to

  20. Bridge to a sustainable future: National environmental technology strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    For the past two years the Administration has sought the views of Congress, the states, communities, industry, academia, nongovernmental organizations, and interested citizens on ways to spur the development and use of a new generation of environmental technologies. This document represents the views of thousands of individuals who participated in events around the country to help craft a national environmental technology strategy that will put us on the path to sustainable development.

  1. Bridge to a sustainable future: National environmental technology strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    For the past two years the Administration has sought the views of Congress, the states, communities, industry, academia, nongovernmental organizations, and interested citizens on ways to spur the development and use of a new generation of environmental technologies. This document represents the views of thousands of individuals who participated in events around the country to help craft a national environmental technology strategy that will put us on the path to sustainable development.

  2. Personhood, dementia policy and the Irish National Dementia Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennelly, Niamh; O'Shea, Eamon

    2017-01-01

    Personhood and its realisation in person-centred care is part of the narrative, if not always the reality, of care for people with dementia. This paper examines how personhood is conceptualised and actualised in Ireland through a content analysis of organisational and individual submissions from stakeholders in the development of the Irish National Dementia Strategy, followed by an examination of the Strategy itself. The organisational submissions are further categorised into dementia care models. A structural analysis of the Strategy examines its principles, actions and outcomes in relation to personhood. Of the 72 organisational and individual submissions received in the formulation of the Strategy, 61% contained references to personhood and its synonyms. Of the 35 organisational submissions, 40% fit a biomedical model, 31% a social model and 29% a biopsychosocial model. The Strategy contains one direct reference to personhood and 33 to personhood synonyms. Half of these references were contained within its key principles and objectives; none were associated with priority actions or outcomes. While stakeholders value personhood and the Strategy identifies personhood as an overarching principle, clearer direction on how personhood and person-centred care can be supported in practice and through regulation is necessary in Ireland. The challenge, therefore, is to provide the information, knowledge, incentives and resources for personhood to take hold in dementia care in Ireland.

  3. 76 FR 30193 - National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy; Notice of Intent: Request for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ... Technical Teams will take primary responsibility for developing the content of the Strategy, based around... Fish and Wildlife Service National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy; Notice of... National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy (Strategy). The Strategy will provide a...

  4. Climate Change Education Roundtable: A Coherent National Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storksdieck, M.; Feder, M.; Climate Change Education Roundtable

    2010-12-01

    The Climate Change Education (CCE) Roundtable fosters ongoing discussion of the challenges to and strategies for improving public understanding of climate science and climate change among federal agencies, the business community, non-profit, and academic sectors. The CCE Roundtable is provides a critical mechanism for developing a coherent, national strategy to advance climate change education guided by the best available research evidence. Through its meetings and workshops, the roundtable brings together 30 federal and state policymakers, educators, communications and media experts, and members from the business and scientific community. The roundtable includes a number of ex officio members from federal agencies with dedicated interests in climate change education, including officials from the National Science Foundation’s EHR Directorate and its collaborating partner divisions, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Department of Interior, the Department of Energy, and the Department of Education. The issues that are addressed by the roundtable include: - ways to incorporate knowledge about learning and understanding in developing informative programs and materials for decision-makers who must cope with climate change - the design of educational programs for professionals such as local planners, water managers, and the like, to enable them to better understand the implications of climate change for their decisions - development of training programs for scientists to help them become better communicators to decision-makers about implications of, and solutions to climate change - coordinated and collaborative efforts at the national level between federal agencies and other stakeholders This presenation will describe how the roundtable is fostering a coherent direction for climate change education.

  5. Coping strategies used by national champion figure skaters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, D; Finch, L M; Jackson, S A

    1993-12-01

    This investigation had two purposes: (a) to identify and describe the coping strategies used by national champion figure skaters and (b) to examine the relationship between coping strategies and particular stress sources. Participants were 17 of 20 (85%) Senior U.S. National Champion figure skaters who won titles between 1985 and 1990. All skaters were interviewed, and the interview transcripts were content analyzed. General coping dimensions reported by at least 40% of the skaters included (a) rational thinking and self-talk, (b) positive focus and orientation, (c) social support (e.g., receiving support from coach, talking with friends and family), (d) time management and prioritization, (e) precompetitive mental preparation and anxiety management (e.g., relaxation, visualization), (f) training hard and smart, (g) isolation and deflection (e.g., not letting things get to me, avoiding/screening media), and (h) ignoring the stressor(s). It was also found that the skaters implemented different coping strategies depending on the specific stressors encountered.

  6. [Indonesia draws up plans for a national strategy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Dr. Sumedha Khanna, the World Health Organization representative in Indonesia, has reported that Indonesia is about to undertake a national level evaluation of maternal health care and training of midwives with the help of a UN subsidy. The results will be presented at a high level seminar planned for July 1992. The main elements of the national strategy and plan of action will also be developed at the meeting and integrated into the National Health Plan. The goal is to reduce maternal mortality to half its current level of 4500/100,000 live births by the year 2000. Part of the strategy will be to remedy the shortage of qualified midwives and of emergency services. Priority will be given to providing each village or health center with a qualified nurse-midwife. The Indonesian government expects to train 33,000 nurse-midwives within 5 years. The World Bank has agreed to subsidize training of 15,000. Physicians in district hospitals will be trained in essential obstetrical functions with the collaboration of the Indonesian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. UNICEF is reportedly prepared to help. The Indonesian Association of Midwives has supported the initiative by using surveys of maternal mortality in different parts of the country to analyze the need to improve the health of Indonesian women.

  7. 非洲贫困与反贫困战略思想述评%An Assessment on Africa Poverty and Anti- poverty Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安春英

    2007-01-01

    从考察世界上贫困成因理论的发展轨迹,以及反贫困战略模式与实践的研判,可以看出大多数非洲国家在诊断贫困、选择减贫模式,及制定和实施减贫战略方面,深受各个历史时期主流贫困理论思想的影响.从结构调整方案到由国际组织主导、或由非洲国家完全自主制定的国家减贫战略,体现了非洲国家对贫困的认知与理解不断深入,综合反贫困战略,由此成为大多数非洲国家当前减轻贫困的战略选择.对于非洲国家的反贫困实践而言,结合本国实际,研究总结出适合本国国情的加速经济发展和反贫困理论、对策,是非洲国家的当务之急.

  8. An Analysis of Malaysia's Poverty and Its Anti-Poverty Strategies%浅析马来西亚的贫困及反贫困战略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林勇

    2005-01-01

    本文分析了马来西亚的贫困状况和反贫困战略,总结了马来西亚30多年的反贫困成就.本文认为马来西亚的反贫困战略比较成功,表现在不仅有效促进了经济持续快速的发展,而且在减少贫困、缩小收入差距、增加国民收入和提高人民生活水平方面也取得了显著的成就.马来西亚的反贫困实践为发展中国家提供了宝贵的经验和教训.

  9. 四川省农村贫困问题及反贫困对策研究%Research of Rural Poverty and Anti-poverty Countermeasure in Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧

    2012-01-01

    The current situation, characteristics and causes for rural poverty in Sichuan Province were analyzed, several countermeasures for improving poverty were put forward, namely perfecting the financial capital anti-poverty system design; perfecting financial anti-poverty system design ; increasing local government industrial policy support strength; strengthening the social security system design; increasing infrastructure investment and strengthening the training of farmers education etc.%分析了四川省农村贫困的现状、特点及贫困形成的原因,并提出改善四川省农村贫困状况的对策,即完善财政资金反贫困制度设计,完善金融反贫困制度设计,加大地方政府的产业政策扶持力度,加强社会保障制度设计,加大基础设施投入力度和加强对农民的培训教育等措施.

  10. Local Solutions for National Challenges? Exploring Local Solutions through the Case of a National Succession Planning Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Mike

    2013-01-01

    The notion of localism and decentralization in national policy has come increasingly to the fore in recent years. The national succession planning strategy for headteachers in England introduced by the National College for School Leadership promoted "local solutions for a national challenge". This article deals with some aspects of the…

  11. Developing a national salt reduction strategy for Mongolia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enkhtungalag, Batsaikhan; Batjargal, Jamayan; Chimedsuren, Ochir; Tsogzolmaa, Bayandorj; Anderson, Craig S; Webster, Jacqui

    2015-06-01

    The increase in prevalence of risk factors such as hypertension has contributed to an incremental rise in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Mongolia over recent decades, such that they now account for 80% of all deaths in the country. Salt reduction is one of the most cost-effective interventions to reduce the burden of NCDs. In 2011, the Ministry of Health (MOH) instigated the development of a national salt reduction strategy for Mongolia. As part of a 2-week national consultation and training program on salt reduction, it established an inter-sectoral working party and organized a series of bilateral meetings and visits to factories. Actions arising included a baseline survey of population salt consumption patterns and the implementation of a series of pilot salt reduction initiatives. The results of the baseline assessment revealed that average daily intake of salt, based on 24 hour urine samples from a representative national sample (n=1,027), was 11.06±5.99 g in 2011, more than double the World Health Organization (WHO) five grams recommendation. Moreover, while most participants knew that salt was bad for health, few were taking efforts to reduce intake, and many were consuming highly salty meals and tea; salt in tea alone was estimated to contribute 30% of daily salt intake. A pilot Pinch Salt intervention to reduce salt consumption of factory workers was undertaken in Ulaanbaatar (UB) city between 2012 and 2013, and was associated with a reduction of 2.8 g of salt intake. Ongoing food industry initiatives have led to significant reductions in salt levels in bread, and companies producing processed meat have indicated a willingness to reduce salt. Relevant stakeholders have also supported the campaign by participating in annual World Salt Awareness Week events. The activities to date have demonstrated the potential for action and there is now a need scale these up to a national level to ensure that Mongolia is in a strong position to achieve a 30

  12. Towards a Bioeconomy in Europe: National, Regional and Industrial Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo de Besi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Establishing an advanced European bioeconomy is an important step in achieving the transition towards sustainable development and away from fossil fuels. The bioeconomy can be defined as an economy based on the sustainable production and conversion of renewable biomass into a range of bio-based products, chemicals, and energy. Several strategies have been produced in Europe from different perspectives that outline visions, intentions, and recommendations for the transition to a bioeconomy. An analysis of twelve of these strategies was conducted using a meta-analytical framework. This paper outlines the results of this study covering national, regional, and industrial perspectives on the bio-based economy in Europe. The analysis shows that a common direction for the bioeconomy, based on research and technological innovation in the various applications of biotechnology, is developing in Europe. It highlights the important role that the regional level will play in facilitating collaborations between industries and research institutions needed to foster innovation and optimize the use of biomass. The analysis also identifies that the development of European bio-based product markets are needed for bioeconomy expansion. However, the transition needs to have a lifecycle perspective in order to ensure that an economy founded on biomass is sustainable and equitable.

  13. 77 FR 76034 - National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... AGENCY National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change AGENCY: Environmental Protection... publishing the final ``National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change'' (2012 Strategy... light of climate change and charts key strategic actions to be taken to achieve the goals in 2012...

  14. An Assessment of Deltaplan: The Dutch National Preservation Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerrit de Bruin

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available I am very pleased to be here in this beautiful city, standing before colleagues and friends from the Library sector. In my opinion there are only emotional borders between Libraries, Museums and Archives. In a way we all are facing the same problems, challenges and obligations: ie, how to continue to build and preserve large collections and enhance their accessibility. So I prefer to speak of Institutions, which are helping to preserve the cultural heritage. In my lecture I will tell you about Deltaplan - its successes and its qualified successes. And I also want to tell you about the effects of Deltaplan on the institutions involved. Furthermore, I will tell you something of my own experiences collected during Deltaplan. Owing to the constraints of space, this is, of necessity, a selective appraisal. Libraries where excluded from Deltaplan. They got there own kind of plan in the Metamorfoze project, an initiative of the Netherlands Ministry of Education, Culture and Science and is coordinated by the National Preservation Office of the Netherlands of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the National Library of the Netherlands. Documents in archives, objects of art in museums and monuments are threatened by a silent decay. This decay is partly caused by air pollution, light, temperature and relative humidity; fungi, insects and rodents also play their parts; and last but not least by people consulting the original documents or books. Before Deltaplan there were conservation backlogs and no effective management strategies to clear them. Moreover, there were insufficient staff and resources across the sector. Also there were cataloguing backlogs, particularly in the museums. In addition the repositories were inadequate and no proper air conditioning had been installed. Restoration was the common policy in place, to restore materials item by item. As a result there was no overarching conservation plan or policy across the sector, a singular lack of

  15. A national strategy for the export of US geothermal technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-03-01

    This document presents a proposal for an explicit US strategy to focus this still diffuse interest into a coordinated effort by the public and private sectors to increase exports of US geothermal goods and services over the next five to ten years. This document summarizes the background and need for an explicit US strategy, the factors influencing the development of this strategy, strategy options, and a recommended strategy.

  16. National Energy Strategy: A compilation of public comments; Interim Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-04-01

    This Report presents a compilation of what the American people themselves had to say about problems, prospects, and preferences in energy. The Report draws on the National Energy Strategy public hearing record and accompanying documents. In all, 379 witnesses appeared at the hearings to exchange views with the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, and Deputy Under Secretary of Energy, and Cabinet officers of other Federal agencies. Written submissions came from more than 1,000 individuals and organizations. Transcripts of the oral testimony and question-and-answer (Q-and-A) sessions, as well as prepared statements submitted for the record and all other written submissions, form the basis for this compilation. Citations of these sources in this document use a system of identifying symbols explained below and in the accompanying box. The Report is organized into four general subject areas concerning: (1) efficiency in energy use, (2) the various forms of energy supply, (3) energy and the environment, and (4) the underlying foundations of science, education, and technology transfer. Each of these, in turn, is subdivided into sections addressing specific topics --- such as (in the case of energy efficiency) energy use in the transportation, residential, commercial, and industrial sectors, respectively. 416 refs., 44 figs., 5 tabs.

  17. Strategies for Overcoming Key Barriers to Development of a National Security Workforce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2008-06-30

    This report documents the strategies for overcoming identified key barriers to development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP) being performed under a Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. Many barriers currently exist that prevent the development of an adequate number of properly trained national security personnel. The identified strategies to address the barriers will focus on both short-term and long-term efforts, as well as strategies to capture legacy knowledge of retiring national security workforce personnel.

  18. Nordic national climate adaptation and tourism strategies – (how) are they interlinked?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Landauer, Mia; Goodsite, Michael Evan; Juhola, Sirkku

    2017-01-01

    The tourism sector is affected by climate change. Nordic tourism destinations have also experienced changes, such as changing precipitation patterns, lack of snow in winter and shifts in seasons. The sector has to implement adaptation strategies but it is unclear whether the current public climate...... policy is sufficient to support considering adaptation actions. We reviewed national climate strategies of the Nordic countries from the perspectives of tourism, but excluding the transport sector. We also reviewed Nordic national tourism strategies from the perspective of climate change, particularly...... the extent to which they address climate adaptation. We found out that the national climate strategies do not pay enough attention to tourism adaptation needs, nor do the national tourism strategies present adaptation actions that tourism actors could consider. To connect these national-level strategies...

  19. Party Nationalization and Electoral Strategies in Coalition Presidentialism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Andre Borges

    2015-01-01

    ... a gubernatorial coattail effect. While some parties are successful in mobilizing the national electorate through "presidentialization" other groups may be capable of obtaining votes nationally for reasons that are unrelated to the...

  20. Reviving the Dead Butler? Towards a Review of Aspects of National Literacy Strategy Grammar Advice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wales, Lynn

    2009-01-01

    In his 2004 article "How was a dead butler killed: The way English national strategies maim grammatical parts" published in "Language and Education" 18, no. 1, Wasyl Cajkler calls for a review of grammar advice to teachers in the UK National Literacy Strategy (NLS) materials. His evidence demonstrates clearly that NLS grammar advice is "a…

  1. [National health strategies in the world and its enlightenment to build healthy China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, X M

    2016-08-06

    The national health strategy is a reflection of a country on overall value and development vision of national health, and conducting this strategy will enhance and promote national development and people's welfare. In the current situation of building Healthy China during the 13th Five-Year Plan, it is important to learn experiences in this area from developed countries. This article mainly presents detailed introduction of the formulation, the implementation and the characteristics of National Health Strategies from the United States, United Kingdom and Japan, and also presents suggestions for the construction of Healthy China.

  2. 地方政府干预、农村信贷资金配置与反贫困%Local Government Intervention,Rural Credit Capital Allocation and Anti -poverty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢婷婷; 郭艳芳

    2016-01-01

    The local government intervention credit capital allocation can help poor rural to anti -poverty?Be present in poverty alleviation and development work need to clarify the problem.By building a dynamic panel model,using the system GMM to 30 provinces from 1 988 to 201 1 in our country local government intervention,the relationship between rural credit capital allocation and anti -poverty is analyzed.Conclude that China’s local government intervention and poor slow inverted U type nonlinear relationship,the moderate local government intervention will help the poor to slow,and excessive local government intervention can form local government intervention trap,inhibit the anti -poverty effect;At the present stage in our country rural credit funds to help solve the financing difficulties,poor implementation poverty to slow,but our country rural credit allocative efficiency at a lower level,no significant effect on poverty slow;Compared with the local government intervention in the poorer areas,local government intervention degree of strong regional scale and efficiency of rural credit capital allocation for poor slow effect is more significant.%地方政府干预农村信贷资金配置是否有助于贫困减缓?这成为现阶段扶贫开发工作中需要厘清的问题。通过构建动态面板模型,运用系统 GMM对我国30个省份1988—2011年地方政府干预、农村信贷资金配置与反贫困的关系进行分析,得出以下结论:地方政府干预程度与贫困减缓存在非线性关系,即适度的地方政府干预将有助于贫困减缓,而过度的地方政府干预会形成地方政府干预陷阱,抑制反贫困效果;我国现有农村信贷资金规模有助于解决贫困人口的融资困境,实现贫困减缓,而我国的农村信贷配置效率处于低水平,对贫困减缓作用不显著;与地方政府经济干预较弱的地区相比,我国地方政府干预程度较强地区的农村信贷资金配

  3. Study on National Sustainable Development Strategy Management Based on Stakeholders Management Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Huarong; Wang Xiaoming

    2012-01-01

    Based on the stakeholders management theory, this pa- per provides a new strategic management method for the National Sustainable Development Strategy. By taking China's National Sustainable Development Strategy Management as an example, this paper identifies all the stakeholders involved and then as- sesses stakeholders from two dimensions, namely "Importance" and "Attitude", by which all of the stakeholders are divided into six categories. On this basis, further analysis is made to work out strategic management programme by scheduling the strate- gic emphases, steps and management countermeasures for dif- ferent types of stakeholders so as to provide theortical evidence for the practice of National Sustainable Developnent Strategy management.

  4. Europeanization of National Public Spheres? Cross-National Media Debates about the EU's Socio-Economic Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Porte, Caroline de la; van Dalen, Arjen

    2016-01-01

    time and that it is mainly driven by the EU agenda. There are cross-national similarities in thematic focus and EU-level actors are omnipresent in reporting on the strategy. Finally, we find that coverage of the strategy has a transnational dimension in all four cases, with reference to peer countries......This paper studies the Europeanization of media coverage of the European Union's (EU) socio-economic strategy, which is a crucial building block for developing a European Public Sphere. As the EU level increasingly influences public policy in member states, there should correspondingly be a more...... intense and visible media debate with attention for EU-level and cross-national policies and developments. On the basis of a content analysis (2000–2010) in Denmark, France, Poland and the UK, we find that media attention for the EU's growth and jobs strategy is limited, that it does not increase over...

  5. The National Drug Control Strategy: A Reality Check.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    and continue to gain support at the highest levels in the military and government. President Alberto Fujimori of Peru recently suspended all commercial...through terrorism and murder. All of this is especially frustrating to the United States whose supply side strategy requires honest, trustworthy

  6. Violence Prevention in Austrian Schools: Implementation and Evaluation of a National Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Spiel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A qualitative study of Austria’s national strategy against violence in the public school system introduced in 2008. The national strategy developed by researchers consists of six activity domains with specific goals and projects defined for each. The evaluation (1 analyzes how the realized projects contributed to the six activity domains, (2 evaluates the national strategy at a general level, and (3 provides future recommendations. Eight members of the steering committee were interviewed at two points in the implementation process. The systematic interviews were coded according to the goals of the activity domains. According to the interviewees most of the projects have been satisfactorily implemented. Networking and cooperation with the different actors in the field of violence prevention and cooperation among steering committee members have been improved. However, the national strategy has not achieved the intended public recognition. The lessons learned from the evaluation and its results are discussed.

  7. Basic Communications Strategy : Bison Round Up 2013 [Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Using Decision Tree Analysis, this Basic Communications Strategy for Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge's (NWR) 2013 Bison Round Up outlines actions...

  8. Basic Communications Strategy : Bison Round Up 2014 [Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Using Decision Tree Analysis, this Basic Communications Strategy for Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge's (NWR) 2013 Bison Round Up outlines actions...

  9. China Technical Standardization Development Strategy and National Technical Standardization System Construction Senior Forum Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ On the occasion of International Standard Day, China Technical Standardization Development Strategy and National Technical Standardization System Construction Senior Forum was held in Beijing from September 26th to September 28th.

  10. Torture: A Feasible means for National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-15

    of sovereign states, volunteer corps, organized resistance movements whose members carry arms openly and follow laws and customs of war, and...Accessed 18 September 2006. Available from http://www.un.org/Depts/ dhl /resguide/spechr.htm#torture. Internet. United States President. 2006. The National

  11. Analysis of Ethiopia's national ICT policy and strategy: insights into ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Information and communication technologies are enablers for social and ... 2003 Declaration of principles and updated Action Lines set after WSIS+10, except few variations. The trend shows that the national ICT policy need to focus broadly on core ... applications, universal access, cyber security, social media, and users.

  12. Understanding and Accounting for National Will in Strategies that Use Military Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-23

    it to be lost and lead to strategic failure . 15. SUBJECT TERMS Strategy; Military Strategy; Use of Force; National Will; National Interests...Director, Graduate Degree Programs Robert F. Baumann, PhD The opinions and conclusions expressed herein are...those of the student author and do not necessarily represent the views of the US Army Command and General Staff College or any other government agency

  13. The Danish National Reform Programme 2005 and the gender aspect of the Danish Employment Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emerek, Ruth

    This assessment of the gender aspect of the Danish Employment Strategy in the National Reform Programme 2005 form along with assessments from the other European-member states the basis for the synthesis report The National Reform programme 2005 and the gender aspect of the European Employment...... Strategy prepared for the Equality Unit in the European Commission by Jill Rubery et al. It is part of the work of the EU expert group on Gender, Social Inclusion and Employment (EGGSIE)....

  14. Anti-poverty In Rural Areas:Collaborative Development Of The Development-oriented Poverty Relief And Social Protection%农村反贫困:开发式扶贫与社会保护的协同推进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宜勇; 吴香雪

    2016-01-01

    The practice of poverty alleviation in rural areas of China has achieved a good result,but the new period of China’s poverty reduction strategy is facing two difficulties of theoretical and practical:the connotation of poverty is transforming,the difficulty of the practice of rural anti-poverty is increasing,and the decline of the poverty rate has gradually slowed down.To fight a new round of poverty alleviation,we must adhere to the development oriented poverty reduction policy,increase invest-ment, strengthen social protection policies efficiency to reduce poverty,by combining the development-oriented poverty relief policies and social protection policies effectively to build a set of “reclaiming, preventive and development” in one of the new poverty reduction strategy system,for different poverty groups to give full play to their own advantages so that let the poor get rid of poverty, their own development ability has improved.%我国农村的扶贫实践活动取得了举世瞩目的好成绩,然而新时期中国的减贫战略却面临着理论与实践两个困境:贫困内涵的转变,农村反贫困实践难度越来越大,贫困率的下降日渐趋缓。为打好新一轮扶贫攻坚战,必须坚持开发式扶贫方针,加大投入力度,强化社会保护政策减贫效应,将开发式扶贫政策与社会保护政策有效衔接起来,联合建构协同推进,构建集“开发性、预防性、发展性”于一体的新型减贫战略体系,针对不同贫困群体充分发挥各自减贫优势,让贫困者摆脱贫困的同时,自身发展能力也有所提高。

  15. Information management and technology strategy in healthcare: local timescales and national requirements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Les Smith

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The UK National Health Service’s strategic switch-back is well documented and each centrally originated change results in various attempts to record the repercussions and predict the outcomes. The most recent shift is embodied in the Department of Health’s information strategy, Information for health published in September 1998. This document provides the context for an examination of the issue of developing an Information Management and Technology (IM&T strategy at the local level within the changing national requirements for NHS information management. The particular pressures on an individual unit and the need to react to them alongside the requirements of the national strategy are the subjects of this article. The case detailed is that of Clatterbridge Centre for Oncology (CCO on Merseyside, the second largest centre of its type in the UK. Its initial investigation of information needs preceded the publication of the national strategy and its implementation straddled the timescale devised by the NHS Information Authority. The inevitable incompatibility between timescales for the local and the national developments is examined within the case. The work of the new NHS Information Authority and its supporting guidance in its Circular, Information for Health: Initial Local Implementation Strategies, is evaluated as a tool in aligning local and national strategy. Information Managers in other centrally governed organisations within the public sector and large corporations are often alert to similar issues.

  16. Solar cells. Proposal for a national strategy for research, development and demonstration; Solceller. Oplaeg til en national strategi for forskning, udvikling og demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The Danish Energy Authority, Elkraft System and Eltra have initiated collaboration on the development of national R and D strategies for a number of energy technologies including solar cells. The aim is to ensure a coordinated national effort as regards research, development and demonstration within societal and energy political frames, and, furthermore, to ensure coordination with similar international initiatives, especially within the European Union. The overall aim is for the Danish solar cell strategy to contribute to support Danish national energy policy and to ensure and improve Danish competence, which can manifest itself internationally. The efforts within solar cell technology must aim at increasing solar cell systems' efficiency and service life, and furthermore, aim at reducing production costs. Hereby the efforts can contribute to an improvement of solar cell systems' competitive power in relation to other power production technologies with a view to make installation of solar cell systems attractive, both in Denmark and internationally. (BA)

  17. The Path to a Culturally Relevant National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-22

    Theory This section discusses the key theory linking self and society. Henri Tajfel , the father of social identity theory, developed this theory as...32 John C. Turner, “An Introduction,” in Social Groups and Identities – Developing the Legacy of Henri Tajfel , ed...in Social Groups and Identities – Developing the Legacy of Henri Tajfel , 17. 13 strategies for achieving or maintaining intergroup comparisons that

  18. America Promises to Come Back: Our New National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-10-23

    the fact that the strategy still lacks a formal name, is that the interno debate and discussion within the Administration has not ended.00 Rather than...Government could regulate the decline but appears prepared to allow the market to determine survivors. This position appears to have also been echoed by...have the customer providing capital for spe- cialized facilities and equipment. This is not normal procedure in the commercial market . In the defense

  19. Analysis of Anti-poverty Path Selecting in Western Ethnic PovertyBelt——Based on the Perspective of Space Poverty Theory%西部民族贫困地区反贫困路径选择辨析——基于空间贫困理论视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明黔; 王娜

    2011-01-01

    Space poverty thoery provides a factor-analysis framework concerning"geographic capital",including distribution of poverty,cliamte,ecological environment,geograghic distance,infrastructure and public service,which seems meaningful in formulating and evaluating anti-poverty policies in western region.This essay tries to apply some research methods about the space poverty theory to figure out the challenges existing in every anti-poverty path.Drawing lessons from some successful experience on it domestic and overseas to put forward some initial proposals,in the hope of offering a relatively feasible solution to consult to the selecting of anti-poverty path.%西部民族贫困地区面临的反贫困问题是一个复杂的系统工程,它涉及到政治、经济、民族、宗教、历史、文化等方方面面。基于空间贫困理论视角,探讨西部民族贫困地区反贫困进程中各种反贫困路径选择所存在的问题,并借鉴国内外一些成功经验提出初步建议,以期能为西部民族贫困地区的反贫困路径选择提供一种符合实际的参考。

  20. A Career Practitioner's Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athanasou, James A.

    2012-01-01

    The National Career Development Strategy Green Paper is a discussion paper issued by the Department of Employment, Education and Workplace Relations. It is aimed at the formulation of a coherent and structured career development strategy throughout Australia. The Green Paper seeks to lay the foundation for policy change through establishing the…

  1. A Career Practitioner's Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athanasou, James A.

    2012-01-01

    The National Career Development Strategy Green Paper is a discussion paper issued by the Department of Employment, Education and Workplace Relations. It is aimed at the formulation of a coherent and structured career development strategy throughout Australia. The Green Paper seeks to lay the foundation for policy change through establishing the…

  2. Outward Foreign Direct Investment from Emerging Economies and National Development Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Kokko, Ari

    2013-01-01

    Foreign direct investment (FDI) is an integral part of national development strategy throughout the developing world. However, while traditionally strategies have focused on the role of inward flows only, today, outward FDI is used on a larger scale and more deliberately to access markets...

  3. The National Drug Control Strategy: The First-Line Approach to Decreasing Violence in Our Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Fred

    1995-01-01

    Describes the National Drug Control Strategy's nine-pronged approach in addressing drug abuse, which includes the formation of partnerships between federal, state, and local governments and the private and public sectors. The strategy includes prevention initiatives, individualized treatment programs for high-risk groups, education aimed at…

  4. Breaking the Cycle of Drug Abuse. 1993 Interim National Drug Control Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of National Drug Control Policy, Washington, DC.

    This Interim Drug Strategy is intended to give a new sense of direction and to reinvigorate the nation's efforts against drug trafficking and abuse. The preface to the report lists eight new strategies that the Administration will implement: (1) make drug policy a cornerstone of domestic and social policy; (2) target pregnant women, children, and…

  5. America Promises to Come Back: A New National Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-05

    Margaret Thatcher. Although Mr. Bush spoke about the United States and United Kingdom "standing shoulder to shoulder," and "when it comes to national...General Powell’s concept of four- force package with four supporting capabilities.45 Similarly, Deputy Secretary of Defense Donald Atwood expanded...This basic testimo- ny was repeated in the House. (46) "Defense Deputy Secretary Donald Atwood Address to the 149 American Institute of Aeronautics and

  6. Strategies for dealing with the national coding shortage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwieters, Jill

    2010-04-01

    Steps providers should consider to deal with a national coding shortage and implementation of ICD-10 include the following: Concentrate on employee retention (consider retention bonuses; upgrade pay scales; and offer flex-time and flexible work schedules). Begin a training program for ICD-10. Target other healthcare professionals and current employees to transition into coding positions. Collaborate with colleges, high schools, and middle schools to draw prospective students to this career path and your organization.

  7. After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    ideational as well as material-structural. For example, the United States will strive not merely to keep the People’s Republic of China (PRC...political consequences, albeit not ones that fully satisfied the Vietnamese.37 Ho Chi Minh was bullied by China and Russia into tolerating the...take action that would amount to national suicide , the United States signed on at the highest level for Thomas C. Schelling’s concept of “the threat

  8. A National Level Engagement Strategy: A Framework for Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    hour oor rosponso, inclvdlno tho tlmo for review ing lnauuctiona. searching exiatlng dato eourcu. gothoru\\g end malntltinlng tho doto noodod, end...engagement states based on their potential to directly affect and enhance the United States’ national interests. Starting in the Clinton era, where...as a revo lutionary po licy shift. overturning thl.: base platform or intcrnutinnal order anu potentially imtugurating··to n new era or unilateral

  9. Why Are the Mathematics National Examination Items Difficult and What Is Teachers' Strategy to Overcome It?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retnawati, Heri; Kartowagiran, Badrun; Arlinwibowo, Janu; Sulistyaningsih, Eny

    2017-01-01

    The quality of national examination items plays an enormous role in identifying students' competencies mastery and their difficulties. This study aims to identify the difficult items in the Junior High School Mathematics National Examination, to find the factors that cause students' difficulty and to reveal the strategies that the teachers and the…

  10. English Learning Strategies of Various Nations: A Study in Military Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem

    2014-01-01

    How successful learners learn English has been one of the primary interest of scientists and researchers in recent years. Therefore, this study aimed to determine what language learning strategies the military personnel from different nations used while learning English. 56 subjects from 14 different nations deployed in three different military…

  11. The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-26

    2010. The 2015 document states that its purpose is to “set out the principles and priorities to guide the use of American power and influence in the...between nations. It also takes a tougher line with both China and with Russia, while emphasizing the desirability for cooperation with both. The 2015...President submits to Congress the budget for the next fiscal year under section 1105 of Title 31. (3) Not later than 150 days after the date on which a new

  12. A National Strategy in Achieving English Communicative Ability: Globalisation Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuril Huda

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The vital role of English as an instrument to speed up national development justifies substantial efforts to improve the instruction. Learners of English in Indonesia suffer from difficulties since the language environment does not support them. Compensating tha lack of environment does not support them. Compensating the lack of environmental support with good quality of English instrustion in the primary and secondary schools would need a huge budget that the Government could not afford. Therefore, the target of the efforts should be limited to a smaller but more prospective population: university students

  13. Social Audience in Spain: Succesful strategies in national TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Saavedra Llamas

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research presents the concept of social audience, as a new narrative space born in the convergence of the TV audience and the user’s conversations in Twitter, and examine strategies of TV programs in Spain with higher social audience. Understand what exactly the social audience is, how does it works or what kind of metrics are made for it, becomes more necessary than ever to deepen into the uses and opportunities facing both the television media and advertisers who choose to invest in a TV space.Through the study of successful cases already implemented is to establish formulas for success that achieve a more active participation of users, transfer from social to traditional audience and the profitable inclusion of brands in this full of possibilities new communication scenario.

  14. Evolving National Strategy Driving Nursing Informatics in New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honey, Michelle; Westbrooke, Lucy

    2016-01-01

    An update to the New Zealand Health Strategy identifying direction and priorities for health services is underway. Three specific areas have implications for nursing informatics and link to education and practice: best use of technology and information, fostering and spreading innovation and quality improvements, and building leaders and capability for the future. An emphasis on prevention and wellness means nursing needs to focus on health promotion and the role of consumers is changing with access to their on-line information a major focus. As the modes of delivery for services such as telehealth and telenursing changes, nurses are increasingly working independently and utilizing information and communication technologies to collaborate with the health team. New Zealand, and other countries, need strong nursing leadership to sustain the nursing voice in policy and planning and ensure nurses develop the required informatics skills.

  15. The DEVELOP National Program's Strategy for Communicating Applied Science Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Childs-Gleason, L. M.; Ross, K. W.; Crepps, G.; Favors, J.; Kelley, C.; Miller, T. N.; Allsbrook, K. N.; Rogers, L.; Ruiz, M. L.

    2016-12-01

    NASA's DEVELOP National Program conducts rapid feasibility projects that enable the future workforce and current decision makers to collaborate and build capacity to use Earth science data to enhance environmental management and policy. The program communicates its results and applications to a broad spectrum of audiences through a variety of methods: "virtual poster sessions" that engage the general public through short project videos and interactive dialogue periods, a "Campus Ambassador Corps" that communicates about the program and its projects to academia, scientific and policy conference presentations, community engagement activities and end-of-project presentations, project "hand-offs" providing results and tools to project partners, traditional publications (both gray literature and peer-reviewed), an interactive website project gallery, targeted brochures, and through multiple social media venues and campaigns. This presentation will describe the various methods employed by DEVELOP to communicate the program's scientific outputs, target audiences, general statistics, community response and best practices.

  16. National Prehospital Evidence-Based Guidelines Strategy: A Summary for EMS Stakeholders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Gill, Christian; Gaither, Joshua B; Bigham, Blair L; Myers, J Brent; Kupas, Douglas F; Spaite, Daniel W

    2016-01-01

    Multiple national organizations have recommended and supported a national investment to increase the scientific evidence available to guide patient care delivered by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and incorporate that evidence directly into EMS systems. Ongoing efforts seek to develop, implement, and evaluate prehospital evidence-based guidelines (EBGs) using the National Model Process created by a multidisciplinary panel of experts convened by the Federal Interagency Committee on EMS (FICEMS) and the National EMS Advisory Council (NEMSAC). Yet, these and other EBG efforts have occurred in relative isolation, with limited direct collaboration between national projects, and have experienced challenges in implementation of individual guidelines. There is a need to develop sustainable relationships among stakeholders that facilitate a common vision that facilitates EBG efforts. Herein, we summarize a National Strategy on EBGs developed by the National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP) with involvement of 57 stakeholder organizations, and with the financial support of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the EMS for Children program. The Strategy proposes seven action items that support collaborative efforts in advancing prehospital EBGs. The first proposed action is creation of a Prehospital Guidelines Consortium (PGC) representing national medical and EMS organizations that have an interest in prehospital EBGs and their benefits to patient outcomes. Other action items include promoting research that supports creation and evaluates the impact of EBGs, promoting the development of new EBGs through improved stakeholder collaboration, and improving education on evidence-based medicine for all prehospital providers. The Strategy intends to facilitate implementation of EBGs by improving guideline dissemination and incorporation into protocols, and seeks to establish standardized evaluation methods for prehospital EBGs. Finally, the Strategy

  17. Implementation of Strategies to Leverage Public and Private Resources for National Security Workforce Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-04-01

    This report documents implementation strategies to leverage public and private resources for the development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), being performed under a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. There are numerous efforts across the United States to develop a properly skilled and trained national security workforce. Some of these efforts are the result of the leveraging of public and private dollars. As budget dollars decrease and the demand for a properly skilled and trained national security workforce increases, it will become even more important to leverage every education and training dollar. This report details some of the efforts that have been implemented to leverage public and private resources, as well as implementation strategies to further leverage public and private resources.

  18. The Effect of the Rural Social Security on Anti-Poverty in Xinjiang%新疆农村社会保障反贫困效应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄万庭

    2015-01-01

    在现代化、人口老龄化、医疗需求和费用持续增加等背景下,新疆农村社会保障制度实践成为新疆农村反贫困的重要举措。文章基于有关数据统计和实证分析,认为近年来新疆农村社会保障制度在农村反贫困领域发挥不可或缺的减贫效应:一是农村低保制度对低保户的救助力度和饮食保障力度较强,基本保障了低保户的生存权;二是农村养老保障制度经济福利性特征突出,有效缓解农村居民支出性贫困和收入性贫困;三是农村医疗保障制度可及性强、受益率高,使农村居民医疗保健开支大幅下降,人均预期寿命显著提高,弱化了“贫困”和“疾病”的循环作用。同时,新疆农村社会保障制度建设历程尚短,存在低保制度“福利依赖”倾向,社会保险制度的保险特征不明显,和农村社会保障反贫困成本较高等问题。%With modernization, aging population, and continuously increasing medical demands and costs, the practice of the Rural Social Security System becomes the important measure of fighting against poverty in rural Xinjiang. This paper, based on the relevant data and empirical analyses, holds that the rural social security system in Xinjiang plays an indispensable part in the effect of poverty reduction in the field of rural anti-poverty campaign. Firstly, the Rural Subsistence Security System is strongly effective in the assistance and food guarantee for low-income residents as it basically guarantees the right to subsistence of low-income residents. Secondly, the Rural Pension Security System features the economic welfare so that it effectively alleviates rural poverty in income and expenditure. Thirdly, the Rural Healthcare System has high accessibility and profitability. For it reduces the medical care expenditure sharply, rises the life expectancy observably and weakens the cycle of“poverty”and“disease”. The Rural Social

  19. The LANDFIRE Refresh strategy: updating the national dataset

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Kurtis J.; Connot, Joel A.; Peterson, Birgit E.; Martin, Charley

    2013-01-01

    The LANDFIRE Program provides comprehensive vegetation and fuel datasets for the entire United States. As with many large-scale ecological datasets, vegetation and landscape conditions must be updated periodically to account for disturbances, growth, and natural succession. The LANDFIRE Refresh effort was the first attempt to consistently update these products nationwide. It incorporated a combination of specific systematic improvements to the original LANDFIRE National data, remote sensing based disturbance detection methods, field collected disturbance information, vegetation growth and succession modeling, and vegetation transition processes. This resulted in the creation of two complete datasets for all 50 states: LANDFIRE Refresh 2001, which includes the systematic improvements, and LANDFIRE Refresh 2008, which includes the disturbance and succession updates to the vegetation and fuel data. The new datasets are comparable for studying landscape changes in vegetation type and structure over a decadal period, and provide the most recent characterization of fuel conditions across the country. The applicability of the new layers is discussed and the effects of using the new fuel datasets are demonstrated through a fire behavior modeling exercise using the 2011 Wallow Fire in eastern Arizona as an example.

  20. A national strategy to develop pragmatic clinical trials infrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Concannon, Thomas W; Guise, Jeanne-Marie; Dolor, Rowena J; Meissner, Paul; Tunis, Sean; Krishnan, Jerry A; Pace, Wilson D; Saltz, Joel; Hersh, William R; Michener, Lloyd; Carey, Timothy S

    2014-04-01

    An important challenge in comparative effectiveness research is the lack of infrastructure to support pragmatic clinical trials, which compare interventions in usual practice settings and subjects. These trials present challenges that differ from those of classical efficacy trials, which are conducted under ideal circumstances, in patients selected for their suitability, and with highly controlled protocols. In 2012, we launched a 1-year learning network to identify high-priority pragmatic clinical trials and to deploy research infrastructure through the NIH Clinical and Translational Science Awards Consortium that could be used to launch and sustain them. The network and infrastructure were initiated as a learning ground and shared resource for investigators and communities interested in developing pragmatic clinical trials. We followed a three-stage process of developing the network, prioritizing proposed trials, and implementing learning exercises that culminated in a 1-day network meeting at the end of the year. The year-long project resulted in five recommendations related to developing the network, enhancing community engagement, addressing regulatory challenges, advancing information technology, and developing research methods. The recommendations can be implemented within 24 months and are designed to lead toward a sustained national infrastructure for pragmatic trials.

  1. A National Strategy to Develop Pragmatic Clinical Trials Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guise, Jeanne‐Marie; Dolor, Rowena J.; Meissner, Paul; Tunis, Sean; Krishnan, Jerry A.; Pace, Wilson D.; Saltz, Joel; Hersh, William R.; Michener, Lloyd; Carey, Timothy S.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract An important challenge in comparative effectiveness research is the lack of infrastructure to support pragmatic clinical trials, which compare interventions in usual practice settings and subjects. These trials present challenges that differ from those of classical efficacy trials, which are conducted under ideal circumstances, in patients selected for their suitability, and with highly controlled protocols. In 2012, we launched a 1‐year learning network to identify high‐priority pragmatic clinical trials and to deploy research infrastructure through the NIH Clinical and Translational Science Awards Consortium that could be used to launch and sustain them. The network and infrastructure were initiated as a learning ground and shared resource for investigators and communities interested in developing pragmatic clinical trials. We followed a three‐stage process of developing the network, prioritizing proposed trials, and implementing learning exercises that culminated in a 1‐day network meeting at the end of the year. The year‐long project resulted in five recommendations related to developing the network, enhancing community engagement, addressing regulatory challenges, advancing information technology, and developing research methods. The recommendations can be implemented within 24 months and are designed to lead toward a sustained national infrastructure for pragmatic trials. PMID:24472114

  2. Determination of Optimum Management Strategy for Küre Mountains National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmet DAŞDEMİR, Ersin GÜNGÖR

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available this study, it is aimed to determine optimum management strategy for Küre Mountains National Park (KMNP by turning out preferences of all interest groups (1-local villagers, 2- public institution representatives, 3- nongovernmental organization representatives 4- potential tourists and providing their participation to the management process effectively. To realize this aim, it has been studied to develop a management model taking into consideration social and economic values as well as ecological values. In the study, the present situation of the national park was turned out by SWOT analysis, and some alternative management strategies (scenarios for the national park were developed based on the findings in this stage. The four factors, which each has three sub-level such as managing type, entrance fee, sharing income and administrative structure, were taken into consideration while developing alternative management scenarios. The nine orthogonal alternative management strategies based on these factors and their sub-level were submitted to 462 interviewees selected by layer-random sampling method. The interviewees arranged these strategies according to their preferences. The preference results were evaluated by Conjoint analysis, and thus the optimum management strategy was determined for the national park such as a managing system with “the balance conservation use, taking 10 YTL entrance fee from visitors, sharing the 70% of income to the national park management and its 30% to local villagers, and administrating with the cooperation of state, nongovernmental organizations and local villagers”. Taking into consideration the optimum management strategy in the management plan of KMNP, which is though preparation, will help the plan to be applicable and dynamic structure, prevent conflicts among local villagers and the national park management, and thus, to contribute to sustainable management of the national park.

  3. 部属高校滇西扶贫瞄准调研分析%The Investigation Analysis on Anti-poverty Collimation from MOE-administrated Universities in Western Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨树东

    2016-01-01

    The anti-poverty collimation is the foundation to determine the path of fixed-point poverty al-leviation.Since the Ministry of Education (MOE )designated to fixed -point poverty alleviation in Western Yunnan,the way of regional targeting is adopted,namely,the Poor counties in Western Yunnan are the specific targets for poverty alleviation.The advantages of universities directly-administrated by MOE can be developed, such as education,talents,science and technology,information,intelligence and major for poverty alleviation by analysis.But there are still aspects for improvement.For example,the municipality can also be the regional targeting.In addition,the suggestion is proposed that the universities should cooperate with other departments for poverty alleviation,in order to improve the efficiency of poverty alleviation.%扶贫瞄准是确定对口帮扶路径的基础。教育部定点援滇以来,采用区域瞄准的方式将具体的扶贫瞄准对象定位滇西的贫困县,可以发挥高校“教育、人才、科技、信息、智力和专业扶贫”的优势,但还有完善改进的空间。要坚持扶贫瞄准的针对性、差异性和时效性,可以适当调整扶贫瞄准到州市级的比例;部属高校要与其他扶贫主体合作协同扶贫,提高扶贫效益。

  4. 76 FR 50719 - Models for a Governance Structure for the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-16

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Models for a Governance Structure for the National Strategy... extending the deadline for submitting comments regarding the governance structure for the National Strategy... and structure of the Identity Ecosystem governance body. The due date for submission of comments...

  5. Building Nation-Wide Information Infrastructures in Healthcare through Modular Implementation Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanestad, Margunn; Jensen, Tina Blegind

    2011-01-01

    and Lyytinen, to contrast the organization and implementation strategies of the two projects. Our findings highlight how implementation strategies differ with respect to how stakeholders are mobilized. We argue that the realization of nation-wide IIs for healthcare not only requires a gradual transition......Initiatives that seek to realize the vision of nation-wide information infrastructures (II) in healthcare have often failed to achieve their goals. In this paper, we focus on approaches used to plan, conduct, and manage the realization of such visions. Our empirical material describes two Danish...... initiatives, where a national project failed to deliver interoperable Electronic Patient Record (EPR) systems while a small, local solution grew and now offers a nation-wide solution for sharing patient record information. We apply II theory, specifically the five design principles proposed by Hanseth...

  6. A Danish national strategy for treatment and rehabilitation after acquired brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Aase W

    2007-01-01

    This study describes the establishment of a Danish national strategy for treatment and rehabilitation of acquired brain injury, particularly traumatic brain injury, in 1997. The vision was to create a system of tax-financed continuous treatment, restoration of function, and outpatient rehabilitat......This study describes the establishment of a Danish national strategy for treatment and rehabilitation of acquired brain injury, particularly traumatic brain injury, in 1997. The vision was to create a system of tax-financed continuous treatment, restoration of function, and outpatient...

  7. Energy use and sustainable development in the 21st century - Local action and national strategies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    This report sums up the conference ''Energy use and sustainable development in the 21st century - Local action and national strategies'' that was held in Oslo in 1999. The purpose of the conference was to stimulate the development of climate- and energy strategies and actions that support a sustainable use of energy locally and regionally. The report discusses important points from the various contributions and from the workshops of the conference.

  8. National Security Strategy: Mandates, Execution to Date, and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    defense posture and key trends, defense objectives and strategies, force posture in a constrained resource environment, and the role of arms control ...to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 06...pre-positioning, and other anticipatory deployments necessary under the national defense strategy for conflict deterrence and adequate military

  9. Transformation strategies in nations based on the socialist model: North Korean companies and their transformation strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Futagami, Shiho

    2000-01-01

    This paper discusses the possibility of the transformation of North Korean socialistic companies. In this paper, three possible future scenarios concerning North Korean companies are presented. The first one is based on the traditional trend which you have seen already. In this scenario, North Korea will keep the principle of national self-reliance and realize the autarky. It will not have a big impact on Northeast Asian economies. The possibility for such a scenario is low, because of the da...

  10. Economic Modelling and the National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training

    OpenAIRE

    Meagher, G.A.; B.R. Parmenter

    1996-01-01

    In 1994, the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) was established by agreement between the Commonwealth, State and Territory governments. Central to the agreement is the National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training (VET) which is organized around the four main themes of responsiveness, quality, accessibility and efficiency. To promote efficiency in the allocation of training resources, ANTA and a number of State government agencies responsible for VET planning take into ac...

  11. Amanah Saham National Berhad'S Promotional Strategies and its Relationship with Customer Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Yahaya

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Every single company needs strategies in order to survive or to become a leader in the market nowadays, therefore a study towards findings the suitable strategies for Permodalan National Berhad had been carried out. Approach: The purpose of the study was to determine the types of ASNB’s promotional strategies, to identify the level of effectiveness promotional tools used by Amanah Saham National Berhad (ASNB, to describe the correlations between ASNB’s promotional strategies with customer motivation to invest and to examine the effect of the promotional tools with the customer motivation to invest in ASNB’s products. Results: The findings from the study found that several strategies should be recommended to Amanah Saham National Berhad (ASNB. Firstly, ASNB should increase sales promotion such as high income distribution/dividend, offer scheme ‘bantuan khairat kematian’ to the investors, offer fixed and variable price as well as withdrawal or savings at any time for the investors as this can really encourage Bumiputera and non Bumiputera to invest in ASNB. Secondly, the information about PNB should be more advertise in television and newspaper since people are always see and read this two medium. The advertisement also should be more creative and attractive. Conclusion: Furthermore, PNB should hire more sales executives and hire individual agents as the strategy to boost up ASNB’s sales.

  12. The National Security Strategy Under the United Nations and International Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-19

    a result of that war." This was addressed in 1951 by Hans Kelsen in a legal analysis of fundamental problems with the UN Charter. He concluded that...www.zmag.org/content/print_article.cfm>; Internet; accessed 31 January 2004. 36 Charter of the United Nations, Article 107. 37 Kearly, 27–28. 38 Hans Kelsen ...the framers introduced ambiguity reveals exactly what the framers intended. Kearly cites Hans Kelsen’s authoritative research of the charter of the

  13. Biosurveillance: Efforts to Develop a National Biosurveillance Capability Need a National Strategy and a Designated Leader

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    currently covered are cattle, sheep, goats, equine , swine, commercial poultry, and commercial food fish. The system is a joint effort of the U.S...tuberculosis. However, it can often be prevented with vaccines and can usually be treated with antibiotics or antiviral drugs. Page 77 GAO-10-645 Federal...goats, equine , swine, commercial poultry, and commercial food fish. The National Animal Health Reporting System is a joint effort of the U.S. Animal

  14. Participatory Water Management Strategies: Contributions for Canada from Brazil’s National Water Resources Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanderson Alberto Medeiros Leitao

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Canadian decision-makers are encountering escalating socio-ecological pressures to introduce a national water strategy. Canada lags behind other countries such as Brazil which has had a comprehensive, participatory, watershed-based national strategy for over a decade. Similar to Canada, Brazil is a complex, federal, resource-based economy. These two states are world leaders in terms of possessing the vast quantities of the world’s fresh water supplies and in hydro-electric power production. In both cases, however, water abundance is predominantly concentrated in their northern territories with low population density, whereas in other geographical regions, the water demand associated with high population density lead to drought, shortages and social and economic inequalities. Despite these similarities, there are a number of differences particularly with respect to socio-economic and political structures. An examination ofthe Brazilian national water strategy offers some explanations as to why that federation has been able to develop innovative legislation as an important first step towards water security – a step that Canadahas yet to take. It also offers some very useful examples and lessons about how a federal state such as Canada might introduce and implement its own integrative national water strategy.

  15. National Offshore Wind Strategy: Facilitating the Development of the Offshore Wind Industry in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilman, Patrick [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Maurer, Ben [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Feinberg, Luke [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Duerr, Alana [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Peterson, Lauren [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Musial, Walt [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Beiter, Phillipp [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Golladay, Jennifer [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States); Stromberg, Jessica [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States); Johnson, Isis [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States); Boren, Doug [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States); Moore, Annette [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States)

    2016-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Wind Energy Technologies Office, and U.S. Department of the Interior, through its Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, have jointly produced this updated national strategy to facilitate the responsible development of offshore wind energy in the United States.

  16. National Cases combining promotion scheme, ownership structure and operational strategy for Denmark, France and Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costa, Ana; Kroff, Pablo; Morthorst, Poul Erik

    2011-01-01

    by means of energy systems analysis and studies on central cases for each of the participating project partners. This document comprises results from Work Package 6 – National Cases combining support schemes, ownership structures and operational strategies of the FC4Home research project. It integrates...

  17. 77 FR 19661 - Draft National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... AGENCY Draft National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change AGENCY: Environmental... will address climate change challenges to its mission of protecting human health and the environment. Climate change alters the hydrological background in which EPA's programs function. Depending upon...

  18. Investigating Learning English Strategies and English Needs of Undergraduate Students at the National University of Laos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souriyavongsa, Thongma; Abidin, Mohamad Jafre Zainol; Sam, Rany; Mei, Leong Lai; Aloysius, Ithayaraj Britto

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate learning English strategies and the requirement of English needs of the undergraduate students at the National University of Laos (NUOL). The study employed a survey design which involved in administering questionnaires of rating scales, and adapting the items from (Barakat, 2010; Chengbin, 2008; Kathleen A, 2010;…

  19. National infrastructure asset management strategy: a recipe for acceleration towards efficiency

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Manus, N

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) has for a number of years been in the process of formulating the numerous layers of a national water services infrastructure asset management (IAM) strategy. Earlier work included: a "scan...

  20. Building a National Strategy for Digital Preservation: Issues in Digital Media Archiving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

    The United States Congress in December 2000 appropriated funds to the Library of Congress (LC) to spearhead an effort to develop a national strategy for the preservation of digital information. LC staff scheduled a series of conversations with representatives from the technology, business, entertainment, academic, legal, archival, and library…

  1. National Strategy on Action for Children in Russia and Council of Europe Strategies for the Rights of the Child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semya G.V.,

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Development of the National Strategy for Action on Children for 2012–2017 implemented in two phases (2012–2014 and 2015–2017 coincided with the Council of Europe Strategies for the Rights of the Child for 2012–2015, and the new Council of Europe Strategies for the Rights of the Child for 2016–2022 takes effect in 2016. Author provides description of a new European instrument: the main current challenges in the field of children safeguarding; top areas and measures to respond to these challenges; methods to implement the strategy including based on the recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to the Member States. The article gives examples of Russia’s accession to the international legal community through the ratification of various conventions that allowed to take domestic measures to ensure international standards to secure children from such crimes as trafficking in children, underage prostitution and por- nography, sexual abuse. The present paper examines opportunity to take into ac- count the new European guidelines and standards in Russian childhood policy and describes action taken in Russia to protect children’s rights as a response to the integrated European challenges, taking into account social and cultural differences.

  2. The impact of a national strategy to increase physical activity among older adults on national organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chae-Hee; Chodzko-Zajko, Wojtek; Ory, Marcia G; Gleason-Senior, Jane; Bazzarre, Terry L; Mockenhaupt, Robin

    2010-10-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the impact of the National Blueprint (NB) on the policies, programs, and organizational culture of selected national organizations. The theoretical model selected to assess the impact of the NB on organizational behavior was Burke's system theory of organizational change. Three organizations, AARP, the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), and the Administration on Aging (AoA), were selected for the study. Two individuals in each of these organizations were selected for interview. Semistructured interviews and document reviews were used in the data-collection process. Findings showed that the publication and establishment of the NB resulted in changes in the operating procedures of AARP, ACSM, and AoA. The results were broadly consistent with Burke's system theory of organizational change. The publication of the NB was shown to affect the behavior of organizational leaders, organizational culture, policies, programs, and individual and organizational performance. The new information generated has increased our understanding of the impact of health campaigns on organizational behavior.

  3. Overview on Anti-poverty of the Communist Party of China since the New Century%新世纪以来中国共产党扶贫研究概览

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古帅; 陈光辉

    2015-01-01

    新世纪以来,学界关于中国共产党在扶贫研究日益活跃并取得一定的成果。在理念方面,学者们认为扶贫实践遵行以人为本的扶贫理念,同时扶贫实践要与小康社会建设相适应。在扶贫的路径方面,学者们集中探讨了构建和谐社会的扶贫路径和实现科学发展观的扶贫路径。在具体扶贫举措上,学者们提出促进平等就业、提高教育、缩小贫富差距、构建社会保障制度等诸多措施。建构扶贫的科学理念、可行路径以及有效措施,是今后学界扶贫研究应该坚持的发展方向。%Since the new century,scholars have become more active on the Communist Party of China in anti-poverty research and achieved certain results.In concept,the scholars believe poor practices to comply with the concept of people-oriented poverty reduction,while poor practice must adapt to the well-off society.In the path of poverty alleviation,the scholars have focused on the poverty path path to build a harmonious society,poverty alleviation and the achievement of the scientific concept of development.In the specific poverty reduction initiatives,scholars have put forward to promote equal employment,improving education,narrow the gap between rich and poor,many measures to build the social security system.Construction of scientific concepts,practical and effective measures to help the poor path,is the academic study of poverty in the future direction of de-velopment should adhere to.

  4. A Study on the Development of Anti-poverty Movement of Chinese Women since the World Conference on Women in 1995 from the Perspective of Gender%从性别视角看’95世妇会以来中国妇女反贫困事业进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜秀花; 倪婷

    2015-01-01

    1995年第四次世界妇女大会在中国的筹备和召开,促使社会性别视角逐渐被引入中国妇女反贫困事业,中国政府和非政府组织致力于在消除贫困中实现性别平等,制定和实施有利于消除妇女贫困的战略规划和妇女减贫政策,积极开展有针对性的支持妇女减贫活动,妇女贫困问题明显缓解,中国妇女反贫困事业取得显著进展。但问题和挑战依然存在,特别是将社会性别纳入反贫困的决策主流仍将是一个长期的任务。%The 4th World Conference on Women in 1995 promotes the development of the study on the anti-poverty movement of Chinese women from the perspective of gender.Chinese government and non-governmen-tal organizations devote themselves to realizing social equality while eliminating poverty, which also formulate and implement strategic planning and policies to wipe out poverty among Chinese women as well as develop lots of targeted activities to support the anti-poverty movement among Chinese women.The issue on poverty a-mong women has been solved gradually.Meanwhile, the anti-poverty movement of Chinese women has devel-oped a lot.However, there are still plenty of problems and challenges.The most difficult part is to take social gender as the main perspective of the study on the development of anti-poverty movement of Chinese women. There must be a long way to go.

  5. National recovery strategy for woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou, boreal population, in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dave Hervieux

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Recovery planning for the boreal population of woodland caribou is a complex task, spanning eight Canadian provinces and territories. To accommodate unique situations across the country, recovery planning for this Species at Risk Act-listed threatened species is occurring at both provincial/ territorial and national levels. The national recovery strategy strives to identify nationally important issues and provide direction for provinces and territories as they plan and implement boreal caribou recovery within their jurisdictions. The national vision is to conserve and recover boreal caribou and their habitat across Canada. Specific goals are to: 1 Prevent extirpation of local boreal caribou populations from all existing caribou ranges; and 2 Maintain or enhance local boreal caribou populations at or to self-sustaining levels within all existing caribou ranges; and 3 Maintain or enhance boreal caribou habitat to support self-sustaining local populations. Nineteen broad national approaches are identified. These approaches include items relating to: habitat planning and management, caribou population monitoring and management, management of human-caused mortality, management of other wildlife species, consideration of government legislation and policy,promotion of stewardship and public outreach, and research. Specific outcomes are provided for each stated recovery approach. For more information on Canada's national recovery strategy for the boreal population of woodland caribou please see www.speciesatrisk.gc.ca/recovery/default_e.cfm

  6. National climate policies across Europe and their impacts on cities strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidrich, O; Reckien, D; Olazabal, M; Foley, A; Salvia, M; de Gregorio Hurtado, S; Orru, H; Flacke, J; Geneletti, D; Pietrapertosa, F; Hamann, J J-P; Tiwary, A; Feliu, E; Dawson, R J

    2016-03-01

    Globally, efforts are underway to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to climate change impacts at the local level. However, there is a poor understanding of the relationship between city strategies on climate change mitigation and adaptation and the relevant policies at national and European level. This paper describes a comparative study and evaluation of cross-national policy. It reports the findings of studying the climate change strategies or plans from 200 European cities from Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom. The study highlights the shared responsibility of global, European, national, regional and city policies. An interpretation and illustration of the influences from international and national networks and policy makers in stimulating the development of local strategies and actions is proposed. It was found that there is no archetypical way of planning for climate change, and multiple interests and motivations are inevitable. Our research warrants the need for a multi-scale approach to climate policy in the future, mainly ensuring sufficient capacity and resource to enable local authorities to plan and respond to their specific climate change agenda for maximising the management potentials for translating environmental challenges into opportunities. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Identification of Strategies to Leverage Public and Private Resources for National Security Workforce Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-02-01

    This report documents the identification of strategies to leverage public and private resources for the development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP).There are numerous efforts across the United States to develop a properly skilled and trained national security workforce. Some of these efforts are the result of the leveraging of public and private dollars. As budget dollars decrease and the demand for a properly skilled and trained national security workforce increases, it will become even more important to leverage every education and training dollar. The leveraging of dollars serves many purposes. These include increasing the amount of training that can be delivered and therefore increasing the number of people reached, increasing the number and quality of public/private partnerships, and increasing the number of businesses that are involved in the training of their future workforce.

  8. Creating the laboratory`s future; A strategy for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    ``Creating The Laboratory`s Future`` describes Livermore`s roles and responsibilities as a Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory and sets the foundation for decisions about the Laboratory`s programs and operations. It summarizes Livermore`s near-term strategy, which builds on recent Lab achievements and world events affecting their future. It also discusses their programmatic and operational emphases and highlights program areas that the authors believe can grow through application of Lab science and technology. Creating the Laboratory`s Future reflects their very strong focus on national security, important changes in the character of their national security work, major efforts are under way to overhaul their administrative and operational systems, and the continuing challenge of achieving national consensus on the role of the government in energy, environment, and the biosciences.

  9. National variation in transfusion strategies in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin Julia; Svenningsen, Peter Olsen; Fabricius, Rasmus

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: An optimal transfusion strategy for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) has yet to be established. The national guidelines contain recommendations for patients with life-threating bleeding in general, but no specific recommendations for patients with UGIB. We...... hypothesised that there are variations in transfusion strategies for patients with UGIB across the Danish regions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, register-based, analysis on transfusions given to all patients with non-variceal UGIB in Denmark in 2011-2013. We compared the results from the five regions...

  10. Strategic plan strategy of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Environmental Restoration Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This report provides information about the use of an integrated strategic plan, strategy, and life-cycle baseline in the long range planning and risk process employed by the environmental restoration program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Long-range planning is essential because the ER Program encompasses hundreds of sites; will last several decades; and requires complex technology, management, and policy. Long-range planning allows a focused, cost-effective approach to identify and meet Program objectives. This is accomplished through a strategic plan, a strategy, and a life-cycle baseline. This long-range methodology is illustrated below.

  11. Proposed national strategies for the prevention of leading work-related diseases and injuries. Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-01-01

    Preliminary strategies developed at the National Symposium on the Prevention of Leading Work Related Diseases and Injuries, held in Atlanta, Georgia on May 1 to 3, 1985 were revised, elaborated, and further developed. Strategies were developed for the prevention of occupational lung diseases, musculoskeletal injuries, occupational cancers, severe occupational traumatic injuries, and occupational cardiovascular diseases. Lung diseases considered included silicosis, asbestosis, lung cancer mesothelioma, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, byssinosis, occupational asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, asphyxiation, irritation, pulmonary edema, brucellosis, psitticosis, anthrax, mycobacterioses, histoplasmosis, aspergillosis, and coccidioidomycosis. Occupational cancers were discussed as they occur in the lung, pleura, peritoneum, bladder, kidneys, blood, nasal cavity, skin, nasal sinuses, and liver.

  12. Strategic plan strategy of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Environmental Restoration Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This report provides information about the use of an integrated strategic plan, strategy, and life-cycle baseline in the long range planning and risk process employed by the environmental restoration program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Long-range planning is essential because the ER Program encompasses hundreds of sites; will last several decades; and requires complex technology, management, and policy. Long-range planning allows a focused, cost-effective approach to identify and meet Program objectives. This is accomplished through a strategic plan, a strategy, and a life-cycle baseline. This long-range methodology is illustrated below.

  13. Stress-coping strategies among medical residents in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional national study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alosaimi, Fahad D; Almufleh, Auroabah; Kazim, Sana; Aladwani, Bandar

    2015-01-01

    Maladaptive stress-coping strategies have been linked to reduced quality of life, psychiatric disorders, and reduced work performance among residents or physicians. This study aimed to examine stress-coping strategies among medical residents in Saudi Arabia and their association with stress levels and important personal characteristics. This cross-sectional study was conducted between May and October 2012. Residents of different specialties were recruited from a national database. Stress-coping strategies were assessed using the 28-item brief coping scale (BCS), while stress was assessed using the perceived stress scale (PSS). Nine hundred seventeen residents completed both BCS and PSS assessments. Almost 55% of participants were males, 88% were Saudi, 58% were married, and 15% had positive history of psychiatric disorders. The adaptive stress-coping strategy with the highest score was religion, followed by planning, acceptance, and active coping. The maladaptive stress-coping strategy with the highest score was self-blame, followed by self-distraction, and venting. Maladaptive stress-coping strategies were associated with high stress level, female gender, and history of psychiatric disorders. Stress-coping strategies were not correlated/associated with age, presence of major medical illnesses, or stress management education/training. Adaptive stress-coping strategies were more frequently used among a sample of residents in Saudi Arabia than maladaptive stress-coping strategies, with higher use of religion in coping than previously reported. To avoid potential negative impact on resident well-being, future studies among residents should aim to identify the type of stress management program that most positively impacts stress-coping skills.

  14. THE SPECIFICS OF NATIONAL REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana M. TOFAN

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The experience in the Republic of Moldova during 2010-2014 period to implement the National Strategy of Regional Development, has demonstrated the need to develop monitoring and evaluation methodology of these strategy, and put accent on the development of regional statistics, on the indicators of projects, regions and the national level, on the development of methodology for assessing the impact of the projects, to ensure the dissemination of results in monitoring and evaluation by placing the information on the website of the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction and Regional Development Agencies in periodic newsletters. To ensure transparency in monitoring and evaluation in the implementation of regional development policy confirms the responsibility of actors involved in the area, condition the right to take effective measures to correct the activities which do not correspond to the policy and provides the opportunity to examine the dynamics of the processes of socio-economic development of the regions.

  15. National health information management/information technology strategies in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Julia Yinxin; Protti, Denis J

    2009-01-01

    A national health information management/information technology (IM/IT) strategy is crucially important for a country in planning and implementing healthcare priorities. However, little comparative research has been performed in this area, especially in Asian countries. This paper reviews, assesses and compares the healthcare systems, as well as the national health IM/IT initiatives and strategies in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. Although the proportion of public and private health services, IT infrastructure development, and government involvement in these three jurisdictions are different, they experience similar challenges with limited resources. By outlining the approaches being taken in the three Asian jurisdictions, this paper provides comparison, evaluation and insights that may be useful to other jurisdictions.

  16. Applying change management metaphors to a national e-Health strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Chad; Scott, Richard E

    2014-01-01

    Recent attempts at a collective understanding of how to develop an e-Health strategy have addressed the individual organisation, collection of organisations, and national levels. At the national level the World Health Organisation's National eHealth Strategy Toolkit serves as an exemplar that consolidates knowledge in this area, guides practical implementations, and identifies areas for future research. A key implication of this toolkit is the considerable number of organisational changes required to successfully apply their ideas in practice. This study looks critically at the confluence of change management and e-Health strategy using metaphors that underpin established models of change management. Several of Morgan's organisational metaphors are presented (highlighting varied beliefs and assumptions regarding how change is enacted, who is responsible for the change, and guiding principles for that change), and used to provide a framework. Attention is then directed to several prominent models of change management that exemplify one or more of these metaphors, and these theoretical insights are applied to evaluate the World Health Organisation's National eHealth Strategy Toolkit. The paper presents areas for consideration when using the WHO/ITU toolkit, and suggestions on how to improve its use in practice. The goal is to seek insight regarding the optimal sequence of steps needed to ensure successful implementation and integration of e-health into health systems using change management models. No single model, toolkit, or guideline will offer all the needed answers, but clarity around the underlying metaphors informing the change management models being used provides valuable insight so potentially challenging areas can be avoided or mitigated.

  17. Strategy of National Cultural Security and Modern Russia «Soft Force»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G J Filimonov

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Today one of the key factors needed for preservation of the state sovereignty, territorial integrity of the country, consolidation of a society, creation of conditions for the successful decision of internal problems and accordingly occurrence of possibility for conducting by the state of active foreign policy necessity of formation of own strategy of maintenance of national cultural safety and potentials so-called «soft force» appears.

  18. Brazil’s National Defense Strategy -- A Deepening of Civilian Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-15

    Identity Crisis.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 42, no.3 (Autumn 2000): 149 in JSTOR (Accessed September 17, 2008). 26 Ibid. 161 27...34 Ibid. 35 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, “Military Expenditure Database – Brazil,” http://milexdata.sipri.org/result.php4...International Peace Research Institute, “Military Expenditure Database – Brazil,” 59 Jobim and Unger, National Defense Strategy. 60 Senior SOUTHCOM

  19. Tourism policy of Balkan countries: Review of national tourism development strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Dejan Metodijeski; Zoran Temelkov

    2014-01-01

    A different tourism policy created by various states is one of the primary factors for the existence and development of tourism, along with its natural and anthropogenic resources of specified destinations. The subject of this paper is the tourism policy of the Balkan countries, as seen through the prism of national strategies for the development of tourism and tourism products. The paper provides basic data for the Balkan countries such as: population, territory characteristics, number of...

  20. Implementation of the knowledge economy paradigm in the strategy of national economy development

    OpenAIRE

    Dmytro Lukianenko; Olga Lukianenko; Olexandra Doroshenko

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the knowledge economy paradigm and the factors of its influence on the development of national economies in the context of transformation of the global competitive environment. It has been methodologically identified the basic categories and concepts concerning the determination of key factors and parameters of modern economic systems. It has been proved through the example of South Korea that implementation of the knowledge economy paradigm in long-term strategies initiate...

  1. The competitive advantage of nations and choice of entry strategies : a three scenario case study

    OpenAIRE

    Helvik, Marianne; Harnecker, Maria Luisa Garrido

    2005-01-01

    Michael E. Porter’s Diamond framework has been used as an analysis tool the last 15 years to define the competitive advantage of nations, but few researchers have discussed if there is a link between the Diamond framework and how international firms can pursue the best entry mode. Different variables will be presented linking the Diamond framework to entry strategies, designing an extended framework. Three case scenarios are used for analysis purposes; the first two originating in Porter’s Di...

  2. Nutrition and Physical Activity Strategies for Cancer Prevention in Current National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puckett, Mary; Neri, Antonio; Underwood, J Michael; Stewart, Sherri L

    2016-10-01

    Obesity, diet and physical inactivity are risk factors for some cancers. Grantees of the National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP) in US states, tribes, and territories develop plans to coordinate funding and activities for cancer prevention and control. Including information and goals related to nutrition and physical activity (NPA) is a key opportunity for primary cancer prevention, but it is currently unclear to what extent NCCCP plans address these issues. We reviewed 69 NCCCP plans and searched for terms related to NPA. Plans were coded as (1) knowledge of NPA and cancer link; (2) goals to improve NPA behaviors; and (3) strategies to increase healthy NPA activities, environments, or systems changes. NPA content was consistently included in all cancer plans examined across all years. Only 4 (6 %) outlined only the relationship between NPA and cancer without goals or strategies. Fifty-nine plans (89 %) contained goals or strategies related to NPA, with 53 (82 %) including both. However, numbers of goals, strategies, and detail provided varied widely. All programs recognized the importance of NPA in cancer prevention. Most plans included NPA goals and strategies. Increasing the presence of NPA strategies that can be modified or adapted appropriately locally could help with more widespread implementation and measurement of NPA interventions.

  3. United States National Pain Strategy for Population Research: Concepts, Definitions, and Pilot Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von Korff, Michael; Scher, Ann I; Helmick, Charles; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Dodick, David W; Goulet, Joseph; Hamill-Ruth, Robin; LeResche, Linda; Porter, Linda; Tait, Raymond; Terman, Gregory; Veasley, Christin; Mackey, Sean

    2016-10-01

    National Pain Strategy population research objectives include: estimating chronic pain prevalence, studying pain treatment with electronic health care data, and developing metrics to assess progress in reducing chronic pain impact. In this article, the National Pain Strategy Population Research Workgroup reviews concepts relevant to achieving these aims. High-impact chronic pain was defined as persistent pain with substantial restriction of life activities lasting 6 months or more. In pilot work, we tested a brief assessment of high-impact chronic pain, and used electronic health records data to describe pain-related health care. A mail survey of adult health plan enrollees (N = 770) reported that 14% had high-impact chronic pain. Relative to persons with lower-impact chronic pain, those with high-impact chronic pain were more often frequent users of health care for pain, reported lower quality of life, greater pain-related interference with activities, and more often reported pain at multiple anatomic locations. Analyses of health care data (N = 289,464) reported that pain patients had higher health care costs compared with others and that pain services were typically delivered in primary care. These results support the feasibility of developing data on chronic pain through national health interview surveys and large electronic health care databases. Pilot analyses supported the feasibility of brief chronic pain assessments suitable for national health surveys and use of electronic health care databases to develop data regarding trends in the delivery of pain treatments, costs, and effectiveness. These methods are relevant to achieving the aims of the US National Pain Strategy. Copyright © 2016 American Pain Society. All rights reserved.

  4. Use of health economics in the development of a national radon control strategy in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollard, D; Fenton, D

    2014-07-01

    A health economics evaluation of different radon intervention strategies was undertaken including the incorporation of prevention into new buildings, the incorporation of potential remedial measures into new buildings and remediation of existing buildings. The analysis shows that (1) the incorporation of prevention into new houses at the time of construction is generally more cost effective than remediation of existing houses and (2) that the cost effectiveness of programmes aimed at encouraging householders to test and remediate their houses may be poor if they are not undertaken within the context of coherent radon reduction strategy. The results of this evaluation were used to identify the most cost-effective radon interventions in an Irish context in support of the development of a National Radon Control Strategy.

  5. National Strategies to Harness Information Technology Seeking Transformation in Singapore, Finland, the Philippines, and South Africa

    CERN Document Server

    Knight, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The ability to harness Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) is increasingly at the heart of competitiveness and sustainable growth. As countries engage in an increasingly competitive global economy, they are trying to weave ICT into their development strategies, in the same way enterprises have learned to use ICT to transform their business models and strategies. This integration offers a new path to development that is responsive to the challenges of our times.  In National Strategies to Harness Information Technology, Nagy Hanna and Peter Knight provide a framework for assessing the opportunities, challenges, and prospects for “e-transformation” and for analyzing the options and innovations adopted to manage the e-transformation process.  They ask hard questions: what does it take to harness ICT to transform an economy?  Why some countries accelerate their development journey with ICT while others fail?  How did successful countries balance the need for strategic leadership with bottom up ...

  6. The Swedish strategy and method for development of a national healthcare information architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenälv, Jessica; Lundell, Karl-Henrik

    2012-01-01

    "We need a precise framework of regulations in order to maintain appropriate and structured health care documentation that ensures that the information maintains a sufficient level of quality to be used in treatment, in research and by the actual patient. The users shall be aided by clearly and uniformly defined terms and concepts, and there should be an information structure that clarifies what to document and how to make the information more useful. Most of all, we need to standardize the information, not just the technical systems." (eHälsa - nytta och näring, Riksdag report 2011/12:RFR5, p. 37). In 2010, the Swedish Government adopted the National e-Health - the national strategy for accessible and secure information in healthcare. The strategy is a revision and extension of the previous strategy from 2006, which was used as input for the most recent efforts to develop a national information structure utilizing business-oriented generic models. A national decision on healthcare informatics standards was made by the Swedish County Councils, which decided to follow and use EN/ISO 13606 as a standard for the development of a universally applicable information structure, including archetypes and templates. The overall aim of the Swedish strategy for development of National Healthcare Information Architecture is to achieve high level semantic interoperability for clinical content and clinical contexts. High level semantic interoperability requires consistently structured clinical data and other types of data with coherent traceability to be mapped to reference clinical models. Archetypes that are formal definitions of the clinical and demographic concepts and some administrative data were developed. Each archetype describes the information structure and content of overarching core clinical concepts. Information that is defined in archetypes should be used for different purposes. Generic clinical process model was made concrete and analyzed. For each decision

  7. Burnout and Coping Strategies in Male Staff from National Police in Valparaíso Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Briones Mella

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between several dimensions of the burnout syndrome with certain stress-coping strategies, seniority level and marital status in male staff from National Police in Vaparaíso, Chile.Methods: The sample collected in 2010 was composed of 338 male officers coming from various special units of a National Police in Valparaíso. Burnout and Coping Strategies were assessed and classified according Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and COPE Inventory, respectively. Data was analyzed using Pearson product-moment correlation, t-test for independent measures and Multiple Linear Regression to generate a predictive model.Results: The prevalence of the burnout syndrome disaggregated by grouping criteria, the dimensions concentrated in middle levels for emotional exhaustion with a 52.1%, a 51.8% for depersonalization and finally, personal achievement with a 48.8%. Only 28% of participants showed more exacerbated dimensions of the burnout syndrome. There was a weak and direct yet statistically significant relationship between personal achievement and active coping. Mental disconnection had a weak direct relationship between both coping strategies and emotional exhaustion also existed. Certain correlations between burnout dimensions and coping strategies focused on emotion as predictor variables over the criterion variable corresponding to emotional exhaustion were mental disconnection in first place, secondly, focusing on emotions, and emotional social support.Conclusions: Burnout dimensions scored medium values ​​focusing mainly on emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment. Coping strategies are used in parallel and in general are not mutually exclusive. Finally, there were not any relationship between variables seniority level and marital status.

  8. A national environmental monitoring system to support the Moroccan sustainable development strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mourhir, A.; Rachidi, T.

    2010-12-01

    Morocco is a mountainous country, subject to both marine and Saharan influences. The increase in population has led to an increase of the gross domestic product (GDP), which accentuated by inadequate resource management, has been accompanied by the degradation of the environment. The annual cost of environmental damage has been estimated at nearly eight percent of Morocco’s GDP. Morocco is a country that has scarce natural resources, especially arable land and water. In recent years, intensive agricultural production, large-scale irrigation schemes, industrialization, and urbanization have been creating serious problems. The country has faced severe air, water and soil pollution, environmental health problems, deforestation and soil erosion. The country is very vulnerable to impacts of global climate change. Morocco’s approach to sustainable development (SD) is mainly environmental. The two main documents for Morocco’s SD strategy are the National Strategy for the Protection of the Environment and Sustainable Development (SNPEDD), 1995, and the National Plan of Action for the Environment (PANE), 1998. SNPEDD’s main objective is the integration and strengthening of environmental concerns in economic development activities. The activities for the formulation and implementation of the strategy include: a) studies on the state of the Moroccan environment; b) formulation of the PANE; c) preparation of a sensitization program on environmental issues and the implementation of a database and information system on the environment; (d) preparation of regional and local environmental monographies. The aim of the current work is to create an information system as an approach to complex sustainability analyses at the national level using GIS technologies. This information system includes the following: 1.Development of a database of SD indicators and historical data. Morocco has been involved in the working framework of the Mediterranean Commission for Sustainable

  9. Financing Sustainable Small-Scale Forestry: Lessons from Developing National Forest Financing Strategies in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Savenije

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The problems that hamper the financing of sustainable forest management (SFM are manifold and complex. However, forestry is also facing unprecedented opportunities. The multiple functions and values of forests are increasingly recognized as part of the solution to pressing global issues (e.g., climate change, energy scarcity, poverty, environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and raw material supply. Emerging initiatives to enhance forest carbon stocks and cut greenhouse gas emissions associated with forest clearing (known as REDD+, together with voluntary carbon markets, are offering additional funding options for SFM. Indigenous peoples, local communities and small scale farmers feature as key players in the discourse on implementing such initiatives. Based on the experience of countries developing national forest financing strategies and instruments, we suggest the following points be considered when financing such initiatives, particularly for small scale forestry: (1 Integrate financing of REDD+ and similar initiatives within broader national strategies for SFM financing; (2 Design REDD+ finance mechanisms that are ‘community ready’, i.e., tailored to local realities; (3 Consider existing livelihood strategies as the starting point; (4 Build on existing structures, but be mindful of their strengths and weaknesses; (5 Be strategic with your priority actions; and (6 Promote innovation, knowledge sharing and information exchange.

  10. Benefits of a health impact assessment in relation to fuel poverty: assessing Luton's Affordable Warmth Strategy and the need for a national mandatory strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Jill; Habgood, Veronica

    2008-05-01

    The links between fuel poverty and poor health are well documented, yet there is no statutory requirement on local authorities to develop fuel poverty strategies, which tend to be patchy nationally and differ substantially in quality. Fuel poverty starts from the perspective of income, even though interventions can improve health. The current public health agenda calls for more partnership-based, cost-effective strategies based on sound evidence. Fuel poverty represents a key area where there is currently little local evidence quantifying and qualifying health gain arising from strategic interventions. As a result, this initial study sought to apply the principles of a health impact assessment to Luton's Affordable Warmth Strategy, exploring the potential to identify health impact arising--as a baseline for future research--in the context of the public health agenda. A national strategy would help ensure the promotion of targeted fuel poverty strategies.

  11. Great apes and biodiversity offset projects in Africa: the case for national offset strategies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Kormos

    Full Text Available The development and private sectors are increasingly considering "biodiversity offsets" as a strategy to compensate for their negative impacts on biodiversity, including impacts on great apes and their habitats in Africa. In the absence of national offset policies in sub-Saharan Africa, offset design and implementation are guided by company internal standards, lending bank standards or international best practice principles. We examine four projects in Africa that are seeking to compensate for their negative impacts on great ape populations. Our assessment of these projects reveals that not all apply or implement best practices, and that there is little standardization in the methods used to measure losses and gains in species numbers. Even if they were to follow currently accepted best-practice principles, we find that these actions may still fail to contribute to conservation objectives over the long term. We advocate for an alternative approach in which biodiversity offset and compensation projects are designed and implemented as part of a National Offset Strategy that (1 takes into account the cumulative impacts of development in individual countries, (2 identifies priority offset sites, (3 promotes aggregated offsets, and (4 integrates biodiversity offset and compensation projects with national biodiversity conservation objectives. We also propose supplementary principles necessary for biodiversity offsets to contribute to great ape conservation in Africa. Caution should still be exercised, however, with regard to offsets until further field-based evidence of their effectiveness is available.

  12. Great apes and biodiversity offset projects in Africa: the case for national offset strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kormos, Rebecca; Kormos, Cyril F; Humle, Tatyana; Lanjouw, Annette; Rainer, Helga; Victurine, Ray; Mittermeier, Russell A; Diallo, Mamadou S; Rylands, Anthony B; Williamson, Elizabeth A

    2014-01-01

    The development and private sectors are increasingly considering "biodiversity offsets" as a strategy to compensate for their negative impacts on biodiversity, including impacts on great apes and their habitats in Africa. In the absence of national offset policies in sub-Saharan Africa, offset design and implementation are guided by company internal standards, lending bank standards or international best practice principles. We examine four projects in Africa that are seeking to compensate for their negative impacts on great ape populations. Our assessment of these projects reveals that not all apply or implement best practices, and that there is little standardization in the methods used to measure losses and gains in species numbers. Even if they were to follow currently accepted best-practice principles, we find that these actions may still fail to contribute to conservation objectives over the long term. We advocate for an alternative approach in which biodiversity offset and compensation projects are designed and implemented as part of a National Offset Strategy that (1) takes into account the cumulative impacts of development in individual countries, (2) identifies priority offset sites, (3) promotes aggregated offsets, and (4) integrates biodiversity offset and compensation projects with national biodiversity conservation objectives. We also propose supplementary principles necessary for biodiversity offsets to contribute to great ape conservation in Africa. Caution should still be exercised, however, with regard to offsets until further field-based evidence of their effectiveness is available.

  13. Priorities in national space strategies and governance of the member states of the European Space Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adriaensen, Maarten; Giannopapa, Christina; Sagath, Daniel; Papastefanou, Anastasia

    2015-12-01

    The European Space Agency (ESA) has twenty Member States with a variety of strategic priorities and governance structures regarding their space activities. A number of countries engage in space activities exclusively though ESA, while others have also their own national space programme. Some consider ESA as their prime space agency and others have additionally their own national agency with respective programmes. The main objective of this paper is to provide an up-to date overview and a holistic assessment of strategic priorities and the national space governance structures in 20 ESA Member States. This analysis and assessment has been conducted by analysing the Member States public documents, information provided at ESA workshop on this topic and though unstructured interviews. The paper is structured to include two main elements: priorities and trends in national space strategies and space governance in ESA Member States. The first part of this paper focuses on the content and analysis of the national space strategies and indicates the main priorities and trends in Member States. The priorities are categorised with regards to technology domains, the role of space in the areas of sustainability and the motivators that boost engagement in space. These vary from one Member State to another and include with different levels of engagement in technology domains amongst others: science and exploration, navigation, Earth observation, human space flight, launchers, telecommunications, and integrated applications. Member States allocate a different role of space as enabling tool adding to the advancement of sustainability areas including: security, resources, environment and climate change, transport and communication, energy, and knowledge and education. The motivators motivating reasoning which enhances or hinders space engagement also differs. The motivators identified are industrial competitiveness, job creation, technology development and transfer, social benefits

  14. Strategies for Meaningful Engagement between Community-Based Health Researchers and First Nations Participants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Cidro

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The Baby Teeth Talk Study (BTT is a partnership-based research project looking at interventions to prevent early childhood caries (ECC in First Nations populations in Canada. Community-based researchers (CBRs conducted preventive and behavioral interventions that targeted expectant mothers and their newborns, over a 3-year period. The work of the CBRs requires a great deal of training and skills to administer the interventions. It also requires a broad set of strategies to meaningfully engage participants to make health-promoting changes in their behavior to prevent ECC in their children. After implementing the intervention, BTT CBRs participated in interviews to explore the strategies they employed to engage participants in the prevention of ECC. CBRs perceived two key strategies as essential for meaningful engagement with BTT participants. First, CBRs indicated that their shared experiences through motherhood, First Nations identity, age, and childhood experience provided a positive foundation for dialog with participants that lead to build trust and rapport. Second, supportive interpersonal and culturally based communication skills of the CBR provided further foundation to engage with participants from a strength-based approach. For example, the CBRs knew how to effectively communicate in ways such as being gentle, non-intrusive, and avoiding any perception of judgment when discussing oral health behavior. In First Nations health research, CBRs can provide an essential link in engaging participants and the community for improvements in health. Researchers should carefully consider characteristics such as shared experience and ability to understand cultural communication styles when hiring CBRs in order to build a solid foundation of trust with research participants.

  15. A Study on Establishing National Technology Strategy of Fusion Energy Development: Combining PEST-SWOT Methodologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Han Soo; Choi, Won Jae; Tho, Hyun Soo; Kang, Dong Yup; Kim, In Chung [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-05-15

    Nuclear fusion, the joining of light nuclei of hydrogen into heavier nuclei of helium, has potential environmental, safety and proliferation characteristics as an energy source. It can also, provide an adequate amount of fuel to power civilization for a long time compared to human history. It is, however, more challenging to convert to an energy source than nuclear fission. To overcome this, Korea enacted a law to promote the development of fusion as an energy source in 2007. In accordance with this law, the government will establish a promotion plan to develop fusion energy, including policy goals, a framework, strategies, infrastructure, funding, human resources, international cooperation and etc. This will be reviewed every five years. This paper is focused on the combining PEST (political, economic, social and technological) method with SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity and threat) analysis, which is a prerequisite to form national fusion energy technology strategy

  16. Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a national capital region nuclear detonation scenario.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

    2011-12-01

    Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kT detonation in the National Capital Region. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at one exemplary point. For most Washington, DC neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

  17. Soft power as part of China's strategy for national image cultivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Signe

    at the highest level. This interest in soft power is generally seen as part of an important foreign policy shift, and the huge amounts of money spent by the government on cultural diplomacy testify to the importance attached to it. Understanding what might be the goal of China’s soft power strategy is however...... in Qiu Shi to find out how the concepts of soft power and national image together are being built into a discourse of strengthening China’s cultural identity. Various interpretations on how China’s soft power strategy is connected to her self-image may follow from this analysis, the question however...... remains whether it is really a softer identity, rather than soft power in the usual sense China is looking for? And is this image actually directed towards a foreign audience, or is it to some extent China’s own population this softer identity is directed at?...

  18. Announced Strategy Types in Multiagent RL for Conflict-Avoidance in the National Airspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebhuhn, Carrie; Knudson, Matthew D.; Tumer, Kagan

    2014-01-01

    The use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) in the national airspace is of growing interest to the research community. Safety and scalability of control algorithms are key to the successful integration of autonomous system into a human-populated airspace. In order to ensure safety while still maintaining efficient paths of travel, these algorithms must also accommodate heterogeneity of path strategies of its neighbors. We show that, using multiagent RL, we can improve the speed with which conflicts are resolved in cases with up to 80 aircraft within a section of the airspace. In addition, we show that the introduction of abstract agent strategy types to partition the state space is helpful in resolving conflicts, particularly in high congestion.

  19. Organ preservation strategies: Review of literature and their applicability in developing nations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitali Dandekar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There has been a change in practice in locally advanced laryngopharyngeal cancers toward non-surgical treatment modalities. Although, there have been landmark trials pertinent to organ preservation, their applicability in developing nations is a topic of much debate. The organ preservation concept was based on the findings of pivotal trials by the Veterans Affairs, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer group and Radiation Therapy Oncology Group. Subsequently numerous studies have been designed to evaluate intensification of treatment as well as study toxicity and tolerability. This review critically analyses current evidence for larynx preservation, experience from various centers on organ preservation strategies as well as applicability of these protocols to developing nations.

  20. Strategies to Address Identified Education Gaps in the Preparation of a National Security Workforce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2008-06-30

    This report will discuss strategies available to address identified gaps and weaknesses in education efforts aimed at the preparation of a skilled and properly trained national security workforce.The need to adequately train and educate a national security workforce is at a critical juncture. Even though there are an increasing number of college graduates in the appropriate fields, many of these graduates choose to work in the private sector because of more desirable salary and benefit packages. This is contributing to an inability to fill vacant positions at NNSA resulting from high personnel turnover from the large number of retirements. Further, many of the retirees are practically irreplaceable because they are Cold War scientists that have experience and expertise with nuclear weapons.

  1. Strategies for International Cooperation in Support of Energy Development in Pacific Island Nations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, M.; Voss, P.; Warren, A.; Baring-Gould, I.; Conrad, M.

    2012-05-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been partnering with island communities around the world to address the technical, policy, social, and economic hurdles to deploying energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies (RETs) on small, islanded systems. The lessons learned from these partnerships are briefly summarized in this document with the goal of supporting the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in the development of specific near-term and longer-term strategies for island RET deployment.

  2. Basic science and energy research sector profile: Background for the National Energy Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    March, F.; Ashton, W.B.; Kinzey, B.R.; McDonald, S.C.; Lee, V.E.

    1990-11-01

    This Profile report provides a general perspective on the role of basic science in the spectrum of research and development in the United States, and basic research's contributions to the goals of the National Energy Strategy (NES). It includes selected facts, figures, and analysis of strategic issues affecting the future of science in the United States. It is provided as background for people from government, the private sector, academia, and the public, who will be reviewing the NES in the coming months; and it is intended to serve as the basis for discussion of basic science issues within the context of the developing NES.

  3. The impact of a national caries strategy in Greenland after 4 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekstrand, Kim R; Qvist, Vibeke

    2015-01-01

    AIMS: (1) To describe dental health - and financial goals to be achieved with a national caries strategy in Greenland (CSG) implemented in 2008; (2) to describe the principles of CSG; (3) to report caries outcome data for the 3-and 9-year-olds in 1996, in 2008 (baseline), and in 2012; and (4...... on predetermined visits/examinations, risk-related visits, oral health promotion, and predetermined fluoride and sealing policies. Ad (3) 75% and 88% of the total cohorts of 3- and 9-year-olds in 2012 were recorded, respectively. Seventy-six percent of the 3-year-olds showed defs = 0 in 2012 compared to 64...

  4. National variation in transfusion strategies in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin J; Svenningsen, Peter; Fabricius, Rasmus;

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: An optimal transfusion strategy for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) has yet to be established. The national guidelines contain recommendations for patients with life-threating bleeding in general, but no specific recommendations for patients with UGIB. We...... in Denmark in order to discover regional differences. RESULTS: A total of 5,292 admissions with treatment for non-variceal UGIB were identified, and analysis was made for the total group and a massive transfusions group (330 admissions). In the Capital Region, transfusion of platelets was more likely than...

  5. Soft power as part of China's strategy for national image cultivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Signe

    In recent years soft power has become a key issue at the highest political level in China, focusing especially on cultural soft power. This is reflected in important political documents, such as five year plans, plenum meeting summaries, as well as speeches by Hu Jintao and other politicians...... in Qiu Shi to find out how the concepts of soft power and national image together are being built into a discourse of strengthening China’s cultural identity. Various interpretations on how China’s soft power strategy is connected to her self-image may follow from this analysis, the question however...

  6. Energy efficiency in Serbia national energy efficiency program: Strategy and priorities for the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oka Simeon

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy system in Serbia, in the whole energy chain, from exploitation of primary energy sources, transformations in electric power plants and district heating plants, energy (electric and heat transmission and distribution to final users, and up to final energy consumption, is faced with a number of irrational and inefficient behavior and processes. In order to fight with such situation National Energy Efficiency Program, financed by the Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection has been founded in 2001. Basic facts about status of energy sector in Serbia, with special emphasis on the energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources have been given in the review paper published in the issue No. 2, 2006 of this journal. In present paper new strategy and priorities of the National Energy Efficiency Program for the future period from 2006 to 2008, and beyond, is presented. This strategy and priorities are mainly based on the same concept and principles as previous, but new reality and new and more simulative economic and financial environment in energy sector made by the Energy low (accepted by Parliament in 2004 and Strategy of Development of Energy Sector in Republic Serbia up to 2015 (accepted by the Parliament in May 2005, have been taken into account. Also, responsibilities that are formulated in the Energy Community Treaty signed by the South-East European countries, and also coming from documents and directives of the European Community and Kyoto Protocol are included in new strategy. Once again necessity of legislative framework and influence of regulations and standards, as well as of the governmental support, has been pointed out if increased energy efficiency and increased use of renewable energy sources are expected. .

  7. 新时期民族地区农村反贫困面临的挑战与扶贫开发机制创新——以贵州省为例%Challenges of Rural Anti-poverty and Institutional Innovation of Rural Poverty Alleviation in Minority Regions in New Period——A Case of Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永平; 周丕东; 黄海燕; 刘希磊

    2012-01-01

    新时期民族地区农村反贫困成效如何,直接关系到2020年我国全面小康社会战略目标能否实现.本文以贵州省为例,在分析新时期农村反贫困面临的挑战的基础上,提出了针对不同对象实施有针对性的扶贫措施、扶业与扶人并举、区域瞄准与人口瞄准相结合的扶贫开发总体思路,并从“两项制度”衔接、推进区域连片开发、完善“大扶贫”联动机制和扶贫资金投入与监管机制、健全贫困动态监测与绩效考评机制等方面,提出了推动新时期农村扶贫开发体制机制创新的对策措施.%The effectiveness of the rural anti-poverty in minority regions in the new period directly concerns the realization of the two strategic goals of basically eliminating absolute poverty phenomena and completely building overall well-off society by 2020 in China. Based on the analysis of the rural poverty problems and challenges of rural anti-poverty in Guizhou Province, this paper puts forward the general idea of poverty alleviation, which is adopting pertinent poverty alleviation measures for different poor populations, supporting the development of both rural industry and poor populations, and targeting both poor region and poor populations. Meanwhile, the paper suggests specific countermeasures for promoting institutional innovation of the rural poverty alleviation in terms of linking "two systems", promoting regional development, perfecting linkage mechanisms of anti-poverty and the mechanisms of poverty alleviation fund investing and controlling, and improving the dynamic monitoring and evaluation mechanisms, etc.

  8. [National planning of health policy in Brazil: strategies and instruments in the 2000s].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, Cristiani Vieira; Baptista, Tatiana Wargas de Faria; de Lima, Luciana Dias

    2010-08-01

    This paper discusses the national planning of health policy between 2003 and 2010, in the light of the development of state planning in Brazil and Lula's administration. Firstly an historical overview is presented of the key moments for national planning, regarding its effects on health care. The governmental context is then described with a review of the strategies and instruments in health planning over recent years. The methodology involved a bibliographic and documental review - including the Multi-year Plans, the National Health Plan, the Health Pact and the More Health program - considering their intention, contents and development processes. The results indicate that national health planning has been condensed in order to enable better direction of the policy. Two key moments in federal health planning were identified: between 2003 and 2006 a managerial and participative line was followed; between 2007 and 2010, the managerial line was kept allied to an effort to tie health policy to the development model. Despite the advances, health planning has displayed limitations, such as: restrictions in health financing, which has compromised the execution of the plans; failure to tackle structural problems in the health care system; and the fragile territorial organization.

  9. National Security Strategy 2015 – a Step towards the New Phase of Russia’s Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Aleksandrovich Ilyin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available December 31, 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the new National Security Strategy. Having analysed the key provisions of this document, we conclude that this event can be regarded as a new and historically significant step toward the strengthening of the Russian statehood and transition to a new stage of development. The National Security Strategy–2015 stipulates that “the implementation of the government policy of the Russian Federation in the sphere of national security is carried out through the concerted actions of all the elements of its system under the supervision of the President of the Russian Federation and with the coordinating role of the Security Cou ncil of the Russian Federation”. Thus, the President takes on personal responsibility for ensuring the implementation of priority directions of state policy in the sphere of national security, and this is not only a timely step, it also demonstrates Vladimir Putin’s ability to assume the historical role of leader when Russia experiences hard times

  10. EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES OF IDENTITY FORMATION: THE NATIONAL-STATE AND ETHNO-CULTURAL ASPECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelly Anatolyevna Galaktionova

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Article purpose – studying of educational strategy of the Russian Federation in the conditions of the amplifying migratory streams. In article are considered distinction in treatment of the concept «national school» during the modern and Soviet period. It is claimed that during the Soviet period the concept «national school» meant school for non-russian pupils, now the concept «national school» is applied as concept of the public Russian school. The author in a new way considers the value of introduction of the unified state examination. The positive role of the unified state examination for formation of the general educational space of Russia out of an ethnic framework is no-ted. The author speaks about need of the appeal to the international experience of education and adaptation of migrants, change of a state policy concerning education of migrants that is reflected in a number of documents, in the Concept of a development of education is noted. In article the assessment of the leading role of comprehensive school in formation of ethnic and national and state identity in modern conditions is given.

  11. Community outreach and engagement strategies from the Wisconsin Study Center of the National Children's Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riesch, Susan K; Ngui, Emmanuel M; Ehlert, Carey; Miller, M Katie; Cronk, Christine A; Leuthner, Steven; Strehlow, Mary; Hewitt, Jeanne B; Durkin, Maureen S

    2013-05-01

    The purpose of this methods article was to describe and evaluate outreach and engagement strategies designed to initially build county-wide awareness and support for the National Children's Study (NCS or the study) and subsequently to target the segment communities where recruitment for the study occurred. Selected principles from community outreach, social marketing, and health care system and personal referral formed the foundation for the strategies. The strategies included a celebration event, community advisory board, community needs assessment, building relationships with health care providers and systems, eliciting a network of study supporters, newsletters, appearances at local young family-oriented events (health fairs, parades), presentations to local community leaders, community forums, "branding" with assistance from a women-owned local marketing firm, and mailings including an oversized, second-touch postcard. Six months after study launch, approximately 4,600 study-eligible women were asked in a door-to-door survey if and how they became aware of the study. On average, 40% of eligible women reported being aware of the study. The most frequently cited strategy to cultivate their awareness was study-specific mailings. Awareness of the NCS increased by 7.5% among those receiving a second-touch postcard relative to controls (95% CIs [4.9, 10.7] z = 5.347, p strategies, in particular the oversized postcard as a second-touch effort, may be used effectively by researchers for participant recruitment and by public health nurses for delivery of important population-focused messages.

  12. Use of Secondary Building Materials in EU - Different National Strategies; Anvaendning av restprodukter inom EU - Olika nationella strategier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jansson, Gunilla; Wilhelmsson, Anna (Ramboell Sverige AB, Goeteborg (Sweden))

    2008-06-15

    The aim of this report is to show how use of waste/secondary building materials/aggregates for construction purposes is managed in 8 different countries within the European Union. A short review is done how national legislations and guidelines support, and restrict, reuse in an environmentally responsible way, and experiences from and control of some construction purposes. Different national strategies are used in the studied countries, depending on their previous experiences of reuse of secondary building materials, natural conditions and energy systems, and administrative traditions. In general the actual regulations are built on high demands on protection of water and soil resources and protection of health and environment, with the pronounced aim of supporting waste reuse for construction purposes. In most countries regulations of environmentally controlled use of secondary building materials contains these elements as a basis: - Inert waste are often free for construction use; - Specific waste fractions are allowed; - Specified use is defined; - Different material categories might be used/prescribed for different purposes; - Ashes of different origin is an important source for secondary aggregates; - Quality control of materials and construction is essential; - Specified precaution or remediation are prescribed, according to the purpose; - Reporting or simplified permit processes are prescribed. There is generally a specific regulation concerning use of secondary materials. If used in other circumstances than prescribed/listed, it will normally need a regular environmental permit process. Important experiences are that proper design and control of the construction is essential, based on know-how, research and feed-back from experience. It exists a broad base of knowledge in the studied European countries, including material properties, leaching behaviour and testing methods for a wide range of materials. Many successful ways of promoting cooperation between

  13. The role of National Strategies in maintaining Competitive Edge in Information and Communication Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian Popoviciu

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the economical impact of IPv6, Internet Protocol's next generation. Technically, IPv6 represents an upgrade, an evolution that offers the resources necessary for deeper and wider market penetration of the IP technology, to support the needs of a global economy, to build new products and new services. Politically and economically it has the potential of being a quiet revolution. Countries that trailed US into the information revolution recognize this opportunity to take a leading role in its next expansion phase and have developed national strategies to help better position their respective economies. Despite understanding the constraints imposed by the current version of IP, the private sector is currently inclined to largely ignore IPv6 because of its initial deployment costs and long term returns. Forced by high investor expectations to focus exclusively on the immediate bottom line it trades long term growth opportunities for short term benefits revolving around productivity increases. The paper analyses the importance of a National Strategy in driving IPv6 adoption and in closing a widening knowledge and deployment gap between US and countries such as China, Japan, Korea and the EU.

  14. Conservation Strategy of Rafflesia zollingeriana Koord in Meru Betiri National Park, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Lestari

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Rafflesia zollingeriana Koorders is a protected, rare, and endemic plants to Meru Betiri National Park.  However, its population was declined.  So, the study was focused on the analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of conservation of R. zollingeriana to recommend some conservation's strategy and programs. This study was conducted at Meru Betiri National Park and its surrounding 5 villages. Data were collected by interviews, survey, observations, and literature studies. Qualitative data was analyzed by reduction, presentation and drawing conclusions simultaneously, while the quantitative data was analyzed descriptively. Matrix for SWOT analysis was processed by SPSS 16. The result showed that there were 4 elements that identified as strength, 5 elements that identified as weakness, 5 elements that identified as opportunity and 4 elements that identified as threat. The internal factor's value was higher than the external factor. The result of the SWOT analysis indicated that it needs aggresive strategy through collaboration among stakeholders to optimize both strength and opportunites. While the recommended program are: socialization the importance of R. zollingeriana conservation and developing a collaborative R. zollingeriana ecotourism.Keywords: collaboration, ecotourism, stakeholder, SWOT analysis

  15. Conservation Strategy of Rafflesia zollingeriana Koord in Meru Betiri National Park, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Lestari

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Rafflesia zollingeriana Koorders is a protected, rare, and endemic plants to Meru Betiri National Park. However, its population was declined. So, the study was focused on the analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of conservation of R. zollingeriana to recommend some conservation's strategy and programs. This study was conducted at Meru Betiri National Park and its surrounding 5 villages. Data were collected by interviews, survey, observations, and literature studies. Qualitative data was analyzed by reduction, presentation and drawing conclusions simultaneously, while the quantitative data was analyzed descriptively. Matrix for SWOT analysis was processed by SPSS 16. The result showed that there were 4 elements that identified as strength, 5 elements that identified as weakness, 5 elements that identified as opportunity and 4 elements that identified as threat. The internal factor's value was higher than the external factor. The result of the SWOT analysis indicated that it needs aggresive strategy through collaboration among stakeholders to optimize both strength and opportunites. While the recommended program are: socialization the importance of R. zollingeriana conservation and developing a collaborative R. zollingeriana ecotourism.

  16. The role of National Strategies in maintaining Competitive Edge in Information and Communication Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian Popoviciu

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the economical impact of IPv6, Internet Protocol's next generation. Technically, IPv6 represents an upgrade, an evolution that offers the resources necessary for deeper and wider market penetration of the IP technology, to support the needs of a global economy, to build new products and new services. Politically and economically it has the potential of being a quiet revolution. Countries that trailed US into the information revolution recognize this opportunity to take a leading role in its next expansion phase and have developed national strategies to help better position their respective economies. Despite understanding the constraints imposed by the current version of IP, the private sector is currently inclined to largely ignore IPv6 because of its initial deployment costs and long term returns. Forced by high investor expectations to focus exclusively on the immediate bottom line it trades long term growth opportunities for short term benefits revolving around productivity increases. The paper analyses the importance of a National Strategy in driving IPv6 adoption and in closing a widening knowledge and deployment gap between US and countries such as China, Japan, Korea and the EU.

  17. OISE/UT Evaluation of the Implementation of the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies. Summary: First Annual Report. Watching & Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Earl, Lorna; Fullan, Michael; Leithwood, Ken; Watson, Nancy

    The National Literacy and the National Numeracy Strategies (NLNS) are part of the British government's major education reform initiative, an attempt to significantly raise standards of achievement in schools. This report is a summary of the first annual report from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto…

  18. Empowered? Evaluating Japan's national energy strategy under the DPJ administration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valentine, Scott, E-mail: valentine@pp.u-tokyo.ac.j [Graduate School of Public Policy (GraSPP), University of Tokyo, 620 Administration Bureau Building No. 2, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Sovacool, Benjamin K., E-mail: bsovacool@nus.edu.s [Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, 02-03J Oei Tiong Ham Building, 469C Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259772 (Singapore); Matsuura, Masahiro, E-mail: matsuura@pp.u-tokyo.ac.j [Graduate School of Public Policy (GraSPP), University of Tokyo, 620 Administration Bureau Building No. 2, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

    2011-03-15

    In August 2009, after 54 years of virtually unbroken rule, Japan's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) was ousted from power by the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ). The DPJ's campaign platform included a pledge to facilitate extreme reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Yet, at the COP16 meeting in Cancun, Japan announced that it would not accept further emission reduction targets without broader commitment from all nations. This paper seeks to explain this dichotomy by employing a targeted stakeholder evaluation based on surveys with 321 Japanese citizens to assess the extent to which influential stakeholder groups in Japan supports a potentially costly transition to a low-carbon energy infrastructure amidst severe economic challenges that the nation faces. Findings help explain Japan's adversarial role in COP16 negotiations in Cancun, despite the stated GHG reduction ambitions of Japan's current ruling party. The analysis concludes that if the DPJ does embrace aggressive CO{sub 2} reduction targets in the future, the strategic focus will likely mirror the former ruling party's energy policy of bolstering nuclear power generation capacity and promoting energy efficiency improvements while exhibiting lukewarm commitment to supporting capacity development in alternative sources of energy supply such as solar panels and wind turbines. - Research highlights: {yields} Public consensus exists regarding which energy policy goals are important in Japan. {yields} Minor perceptual differences are not of a catalytic nature. {yields} Public consensus does not deviate significantly from past LDP energy policy. {yields} Unlikely that the DPJ will pursue costly energy transition initiatives. {yields} Likely that the DPJ energy strategy will be substantively similar to LDP strategy. {yields} Any differences in strategy will focus on CO{sub 2} reduction magnitude not substance.

  19. Strategies used by hospital nurses to cope with a national crisis: a manager's perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendel, T; Fish, M; Aboudi, S

    2000-12-01

    This article explores the anxiety level of, and coping strategies used by, hospital nurses, during a national state of emergency. The study was guided by a stress and coping framework, developed by Lazarus & Folkman, and was conducted at a large teaching hospital, located in the centre of Israel, during the Iraqi crisis in January and February, 1998. Data were collected from a sample of 100 female nurses, and a descriptive correlational design was used. The findings indicated that approximately 33% of the nurses expressed feelings of stress, tension and a sense of discomfort. The dominant coping strategy used by the nurses was direct-active, which was found to be the most effective strategy. As they were unable to remove or control the stressor, stress management intervention by nursing managers focused mainly on communicating with staff and providing social support - informational and emotional--to buffer the stressful experience. Providing support and help in finding practical solutions is important for maintaining emotional stability of staff, thereby helping them to improve their nursing interventions in assisting people to cope with stressful situations.

  20. Code development of the national hemovigilance system and expansion strategies for hospital blood banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Jeongeun

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : The aims of this study were to develop reportable event codes that are applicable to the national hemovigilance systems for hospital blood banks, and to present expansion strategies for the blood banks. Materials and Methods : The data were obtained from a literature review and expert consultation, followed by adding to and revising the established hemovigilance code system and guidelines to develop reportable event codes for hospital blood banks. The Medical Error Reporting System-Transfusion Medicine developed in the US and other codes of reportable events were added to the Korean version of the Biologic Products Deviation Report (BPDR developed by the Korean Red Cross Blood Safety Administration, then using these codes, mapping work was conducted. We deduced outcomes suitable for practice, referred to the results of the advisory councils, and conducted a survey with experts and blood banks practitioners. Results : We developed reportable event codes that were applicable to hospital blood banks and could cover blood safety - from blood product safety to blood transfusion safety - and also presented expansion strategies for hospital blood banks. Conclusion : It was necessary to add 10 major categories to the blood transfusion safety stage and 97 reportable event codes to the blood safety stage. Contextualized solutions were presented on 9 categories of expansion strategies of hemovigilance system for the hospital blood banks.

  1. A Strategy for Thailand's Space Technology Development: National Space Program (NSP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pimnoo, Ammarin; Purivigraipong, Somphop

    2016-07-01

    The Royal Thai Government has established the National Space Policy Committee (NSPC) with mandates for setting policy and strategy. The NSPC is considering plans and budget allocation for Thai space development. NSPC's goal is to promote the utilization of space technology in a manner that is congruent with the current situation and useful for the economy, society, science, technology, educational development and national security. The first proposed initiative of the National Space Program (NSP) is co-development of THEOS-2, a next-generation satellite system that includes Thailand's second and third earth observation satellite (THAICHOTE-2 and THAICHOTE-3). THEOS-1 or THAICHOTE-1 was the first Earth Observation Satellite of Thailand launched in 2008. At present, the THAICHOTE-1 is over the lifetime, therefore the THEOS-2 project has been established. THEOS-2 is a complete Earth Observation System comprising THAICHOTE-2&3 as well as ground control segment and capacity building. Thus, NSPC has considered that Thailand should manage the space system. Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA) has been assigned to propose the initiative National Space Program (NSP). This paper describes the strategy of Thailand's National Space Program (NSP) which will be driven by GISTDA. First, NSP focuses on different aspects of the utilization of space on the basis of technology, innovation, knowledge and manpower. It contains driving mechanisms related to policy, implementation and use in order to promote further development. The Program aims to increase economic competitiveness, reduce social disparity, and improve social security, natural resource management and environmental sustainability. The NSP conceptual framework includes five aspects: communications satellites, earth observation satellite systems, space economy, space exploration and research, and NSP administration. THEOS-2 is considered a part of NSP with relevance to the earth observation

  2. Developing the national community health assistant strategy in Zambia: a policy analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zulu, Joseph Mumba; Kinsman, John; Michelo, Charles; Hurtig, Anna-Karin

    2013-07-20

    In 2010, the Ministry of Health in Zambia developed the National Community Health Assistant strategy, aiming to integrate community health workers (CHWs) into national health plans by creating a new group of workers, called community health assistants (CHAs). The aim of the paper is to analyse the CHA policy development process and the factors that influenced its evolution and content. A policy analysis approach was used to analyse the policy reform process. Data were gathered through review of documents, participant observation and key informant interviews with CHA strategic team members in Lusaka district, and senior officials at the district level in Kapiri Mposhi district where some CHAs have been deployed. The strategy was developed in order to address the human resources for health shortage and the challenges facing the community-based health workforce in Zambia. However, some actors within the strategic team were more influential than others in informing the policy agenda, determining the process, and shaping the content. These actors negotiated with professional/statutory bodies and health unions on the need to develop the new cadre which resulted in compromises that enabled the policy process to move forward. International agencies also indirectly influenced the course as well as the content of the strategy. Some actors classified the process as both insufficiently consultative and rushed. Due to limited consultation, it was suggested that the policy content did not adequately address key policy content issues such as management of staff attrition, general professional development, and progression matters. Analysis of the process also showed that the strategy might create a new group of workers whose mandate is unclear to the existing group of health workers. This paper highlights the complex nature of policy-making processes for integrating CHWs into the health system. It reiterates the need for recognising the fact that actors' power or position in the

  3. Vulnerability assessment and strategies for the Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge and Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Complex : Final report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report provides the results of the Refuge Vulnerability Assessment (RVA) for the Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge and Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge...

  4. MANAGEMENT STRATEGY OF NINO CONI SANTANA NATIONAL PARK AT TUTUALA VILLAGE, TUTUALA SUB-DISTRICK, LAUTEM DISTRCK, TOMOR-LESTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edelmiro Jose De Deus

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nino Coni Santana National Park had been suffered by illegal logging, and other activities that are not environmenknowleage. Lack of a security and knowledgeabout forest also contributeto increasethe damage of Nino Coni Santana National Park (1The purpose of this research is to determine management strategy of Nino Coni National Park due to illegal logging in the area Tutuala and Mehara village at Tutuala sub-district,Lautem district, Timor Leste and determine management strategy of Nino Coni Santana National Park. Public perception obtained through questionnaires with purpose sampling method. The formula of management strategy for the damage in Nino Coni Santana National park use SWOT analysis to identify internal and external factors. The level of damage known by identifiy thearea due damaged by illegal logging.(2 The results showed that the damage by illegal logging at Nino Coni Santana national park caused because people are not involved in management of Nino Coni Santana National Park. The problems are illegal logging, encroachment,of forest, slash the wood harting wild animals, lack organization,andillegal grazing.(3 The management strategy of Nino Coni Santana National Park based on local culture, the establishment of a special UPTD that manage Coni Nino Santana forests, HKM and tourism programs, public development programs and cooperation of local people in order to utilize, surveillance and patrolling forests. In order to develop local knowledge as a base inNino Coni Santana National park,through HKM and tourism, Public socialization about the importance of forest. To measure the success of this management,should do monitoring, controlling andevaluation periodically by the government and involve the local people around Nino Cono Santana National Park.

  5. ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ROMA INTEGRATION STRATEGY 2012-2020

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Nicolás Lizama

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to provide a contribution to the process of implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategy 2012-2020 and the impact on improving discrimination and social inclusion of this group. Four years have passed since its launch and, pending the evaluation report that will be made at the end of 2016, the forecast based on interim reports by the European Commission, the Spanish Government and Roma organizations such as FSG, it is not satisfactory enough. The areas related to education, employment, housing and discrimination remain being the least advanced. Despite the existence of improvements, they still need to intensify the efforts to combat discrimination and improve the integration of Roma population.

  6. Implementation of the knowledge economy paradigm in the strategy of national economy development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmytro Lukianenko

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the knowledge economy paradigm and the factors of its influence on the development of national economies in the context of transformation of the global competitive environment. It has been methodologically identified the basic categories and concepts concerning the determination of key factors and parameters of modern economic systems. It has been proved through the example of South Korea that implementation of the knowledge economy paradigm in long-term strategies initiated and supported by the state provides new opportunities of socio-economic progress. The basic problems of innovation-driven development of Ukraine’s economy through an assessment of its readiness to transition to the knowledge economy, compared with South Korea. The latter’s experience, despite the objective limitations, is regarded as an example of strategic success in formation of a creative innovation system.

  7. Vaginal Radical Trachelectomy for early stage cervical cancer. Results of the Danish National Single Center Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauerberg, L; Høgdall, C; Loft, A

    2015-01-01

    with the purpose of increasing volume, to increase surgical safety and facilitate follow-up. METHODS: Prospective data were recorded in the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database of all Vaginal Radical Trachelectomies (VRT) performed in Denmark between 2002 and 2013. Oncologic, fertility and obstetrical outcomes......OBJECTIVE: To present and evaluate an unselected national single center strategy with fertility preserving trachelectomy in cervical cancer. In 2003 nationwide single-center referral of women for trachelectomies was agreed upon between all Danish departments performing cervical cancer surgery...... referral study confirms the oncological safety of Vaginal Radical Trachelectomy. The complete follow-up regarding reproductive data, reveals a surprisingly extensive need of fertility treatment and due to the rate of prematurity, these pregnancies must be regarded as high-risk pregnancies....

  8. Public health strategies to ensure reduction in suicide incidence in middle and low income nations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Worldwide, the incidence of suicide has increased at an alarming rate and in the year 2012 close to 1 million people died because of suicide. Although, it is a well-acknowledged fact that suicides are completely preventable, the public health authorities have failed to halt the rising trend of the suicide because of the presence of various social and health related factors. As suicide is a complex issue, in the low and middle-income nations, the most cost-effective approach is to ensure the integration of suicide prevention program into the primary health care network. To conclude, suicide is an important public health concern which is definitively preventable. However, the need of the hour is that all the stakeholders should take collective responsibility, and work in collaboration to develop and implement a comprehensive multi-sectoral suicide prevention strategy.

  9. The National Energy Strategy: A balanced program?. Proceedings of the nineteenth annual Illinois energy conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-12-31

    The Nineteenth Annual Illinois Energy Conference was held in Chicago, Illinois November 1991. It was organized by the Energy Resources Center, University of Illinois at Chicago with major support provided by the US Environmental Protection Agency, the US Department of Energy, the Illinois Commerce Commission, the Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources, and the Citizens Council on Energy Resources. The conference program was developed by a planning committee who drew upon Illinois energy and environmental specialists from the major sectors including energy industries, environmental organizations, research universities, utility companies, federal, state and local government agencies, and public interest groups. The members of the planning committee were brought together for a full-day session where they were asked to assess the political, economic, and social impacts of the proposed National Energy Strategy as it relates to Illinois and the Midwest region. Within this context, the planning committee identified several major issues including: (1) Is the proposed plan a balanced strategy; (2) What are the NES impacts on the transportation sector; (3) What are the opportunities for improved efficiency in the Electric Utility Sector; and (4) What is the role of advanced research and development.

  10. [The management strategy of the Brazilian National Network of Human Milk Banks].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maia, Paulo Ricardo da Silva; Novak, Franz Reis; Almeida, João Aprígio Guerra de; Silva, Danielle Aparecida da

    2004-01-01

    The Brazilian National Network of Human Milk Banks (REDEBLH), with its headquarters in the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, is experiencing rapid growth. The Network's activity has been acknowledged by the World Health Organization and received the Sasakawa Health Award in 2001 for best public health project. One of the main challenges is to ensure continuing development of competencies to respond to the needs arising from such growth. A new strategy is being pursued to deal with the Network's management issues. This article aims to develop a conceptual framework to contribute to the elaboration of a theoretical framework for new management strategies in the REDEBLH. Using such concepts, the aim is to draw on the typology of networks described in the specialized literature to identify the institutional profile of the REDEBLH. Based on the understanding that it is necessary to identify and understand the processes occurring within networks, and after which to consider management-related issues, the study used a proposal developed for the formation of innovation networks as its analytical tool.

  11. Legitimacy and modernity via policy transfer: the utility of the 2003 Afghan National Drug Control Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bewley-Taylor, David R

    2014-09-01

    Very much an exercise in historical reconstruction, this article is concerned with the development of the first version of the Afghan NDCS. It is hoped that this domain of enquiry will contribute to discussions around the 'governance of drug policy' in this special issue of the International Journal of Drug Policy by focusing on how different policy actors operate in influencing the policy process; or parts thereof. More specifically, exploration of the formulation of the Strategy does much to help us understand not only the origins and shifting nature of ownership of drug policy within Afghanistan but also the relationship between the NDCS and the broader normative expectations of what has been referred to as the global drug prohibition regime (Andreas & Nadelmann, 2006, p. 38). As will be discussed, while indisputably the product of a process of policy transfer involving a number of non-Afghan actors - and as such arguably not always appropriate to the peculiarities of the drug market within the country - it can be argued that the 2003 National Drug Control Strategy fulfilled a useful functional role that in many ways exceeded its utility as a guiding document beyond the confines of Kabul. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Developing a national dental education research strategy: priorities, barriers and enablers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Karen L; Dennis, Ashley A; Rees, Charlotte E

    2017-01-01

    Objectives This study aimed to identify national dental education research (DER) priorities for the next 3–5 years and to identify barriers and enablers to DER. Setting Scotland. Participants In this two-stage online questionnaire study, we collected data with multiple dental professions (eg, dentistry, dental nursing and dental hygiene) and stakeholder groups (eg, learners, clinicians, educators, managers, researchers and academics). Eighty-five participants completed the Stage 1 qualitative questionnaire and 649 participants the Stage 2 quantitative questionnaire. Results Eight themes were identified at Stage 1. Of the 24 DER priorities identified, the top three were: role of assessments in identifying competence; undergraduate curriculum prepares for practice and promoting teamwork. Following exploratory factor analysis, the 24 items loaded onto four factors: teamwork and professionalism, measuring and enhancing performance, dental workforce issues and curriculum integration and innovation. Barriers and enablers existed at multiple levels: individual, interpersonal, institutional structures and cultures and technology. Conclusions This priority setting exercise provides a necessary first step to developing a national DER strategy capturing multiple perspectives. Promoting DER requires improved resourcing alongside efforts to overcome peer stigma and lack of valuing and motivation. PMID:28360237

  13. Public health strategy against overweight and obesity in Mexico's National Agreement for Nutritional Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latnovic, L; Rodriguez Cabrera, L

    2013-06-01

    Overweight and obesity are major world global health challenges of the 21st century. Mexico is not an exception. Approximately 70% of the adult Mexican population has an excessive body weight. The prevalence of obesity and overweight in Mexican school children aged 5-11 is also high: one child in four is overweight. In light of the seriousness of the situation, the solutions for this problem are based on modification of the environments and change of individual habits and behaviors related to nutrition and physical activity. As a result, the Mexican government, public sector and academy established three common goals and 10 priority objectives that are expressed in the National Agreement for Nutritional Health-Strategy to Control Overweight and Obesity. The obesity problem requires interventions and policies that reside outside of the health sector domain, key aspects of this public health policy was agreement among all stakeholders on cross-cutting actions. The best examples of National Agreement's inter-sectorial action implementation is in the school setting and Code of 'Self Regulation' on Advertising of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages to Children introduced by the food and beverage industry. The ultimate goal of this national policy is to provide the strategic plan for healthy weight and better health, by promoting healthy lifestyles focused on correct diet and physical activity in all life stages, from pregnancy and early childhood and on into adulthood by a multi stakeholder approach. Although there have been great achievements in some areas of implementation, there are still challenges to confront.

  14. [Healthcare of children and adolescents in national strategy for action for children for 2012-2017].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuchma, V R

    2013-01-01

    The National Strategy defines the main directions and objectives of public policy in the interests of children and the key mechanisms for its implementation. The strategy is based on the universally recognized principles and norms of international law. Implementation of the National Strategy will be realized in the following areas: Family Child Welfare Policy, availability to quality education and training, cultural development, and information security of children, child-friendly health care, and healthy lifestyle; equal opportunities for children in need of special care of the State, the creation of protection and safeguarding the rights and interests of children and child-friendly justice, and children - members of the realization of National Strategy. School health care is intended to be actively involved in two directions: availability to quality education and training, cultural development, and information security of children, health care, child-friendly and healthy lifestyle. The main tasks in the part of hygiene and children's health are: state support for the construction of new preschool educational institutions and the development of all forms of safe preschool education, including non-state sector, providing for every upperclassman safe choice of training profile corresponding to his inclinations and life plans, as well as the functional possibilities and health state; providing quality psychological, correctional and pedagogical aid to children in educational institutions; renewal of forms and methods of control of child neglect, drug addiction, alcoholism, crime, prostitution; the development of effective mechanisms in prevention of deviant behavior in childhood; the creation and implementation of training programs for children and adolescents on rules of safety behavior in the World Wide Web, prevention of Internet addiction; the introduction of the system for monitoring of the educational environment; the creation of portals and sites accumulating

  15. Research Notes: Open University and Distance Education Coordination: strategies to consolidate distance education at the National Autonomous University of Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    This case study describes three main strategies used from March 2002 to November 2003 at the Open University and Distance Education Coordination (CUAED) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) to consolidate distance education at the University. The author explains how, in just 18 months, these three main strategies enabled the UNAM to emerge as model of distance education for other public and private institutions in Latin America.

  16. Sense of Place and the National Parks, Strategies for Communicating the Interconnected Nature of Earth Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vye, E. C.; Rose, W. I.; Huntoon, J. E.; Nash, B. L.

    2010-12-01

    Using sense of place can help scientists improve their communication of complex concepts related to the connectivity of the environment, geological processes, and human societies. National parks afford excellent examples of places that contain intellectual and emotional stimuli for diverse individuals - in other words, they foster a sense of place. Parks contain spectacular examples of how the processes that shape the earth influence ecosystem and societal development. Parks can therefore be used as outdoor classrooms to engage people in place-based Earth Science education. Incorporating place-based teaching methods can promote learning about Earth’s processes that ensures that a wider audience can be reached than by traditional instructional methods. Specific examples of using national parks on the Colorado Plateau, in the Rocky Mountains and the Keweenaw Peninsula for K-12 teacher training have resulted in a deepening of Earth Science content-area knowledge. The National Parks “Views of the National Park (Views)” multimedia education program can subsequently be used to promote engagement of students in the teachers’ classrooms. Teachers who wish to continue their education as interns in the parks are served by programs such as Geoscientists-in-the-Parks, Volunteers-in-Parks, and Teacher-Ranger-Teacher programs. The Michigan Teaching Excellence Program (MiTEP), multi-year teacher leadership and professional development program is working with middle-grade science teachers from selected urban districts and using the parks of the Midwest as natural classrooms. MiTEP has partnered with the NPS to develop internship opportunities for teachers in the parks. These internships will result in educational materials that can be hosted by “Views”. The goal of the internships are to improve teachers’ understanding of the natural environment and the processes that it reflects, and to assist park personnel in producing materials that are standards-based, age

  17. A U.S. Manufacturing Strategy for the 21st Century: What Policies Yield National Sector Competitiveness?

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas A. HEMPHILL; Perry, Mark J

    2012-01-01

    The national debate over the fate of U.S. manufacturing is back, with some asking the question: Is manufacturing dead? However, the U.S. manufacturing sector has been making a surprising comeback and added jobs in 2010 and 2011 following 12 straight years of declines. Utilizing economic data, coupled with qualitative manufacturing industry information, offers a unique opportunity for the authors to present a pragmatic and strategic national manufacturing strategy based on the realities of a c...

  18. A new direction for water management? Indigenous nation building as a strategy for river health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Hemming

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Indigenous involvement in Australian water management is conventionally driven by a top-down approach by nonIndigenous government agencies, that asks "how do we engage Indigenous people?" and has culminated in the ineffective "consult" and "service delivery" processes evident in mainstream water management planning. This is a hopeful paper that identifies the critical importance of a "nation-based" approach for effective Indigenous engagement in water planning and policy through the work undertaken by the Ngarrindjeri Regional Authority (NRA in the Murray Futures program. The NRA is an Indigenous government in the "settled-south" of Australia. Over past decades, the NRA has developed a range of political technologies that act as tools for redeveloping Ngarrindjeri Nationhood after colonial disempowerment and dispossession. These tools enable better collaboration with nonIndigenous governments, especially in natural resource management policy and practice. In turn, this has better enabled the NRA to exercise a decision-making and planning authority over the lands and waters in its jurisdiction, therefore, more effectively exercising its ongoing duty of care as Country. This paper presents a case study of the Sugar Shack Complex Management Plan, codeveloped by the NRA and the South Australian Government in 2015, to demonstrate the benefits that accrue when Indigenous nations are resourced as authorities responsible for reframing water management and planning approaches to facilitate the equitable collaboration of Indigenous and nonIndigenous worldviews. As a marker of the success of this strategy, the Ngarrindjeri Yarluwar-Ruwe Program, in partnership with the South Australian government, recently won the Australian Riverprize 2015 for delivering excellence in Australian river management.

  19. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THE PROBLEM OF A NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Condrea DRAGANESCU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper aimed to approach the topic of a new strategy for the sustainable and competitive development of Romanian agriculture and especially for animal husbandry. In this purpose, a large variety of studies was investigated and the opinions of well-known personalities were used to present in a critical manner the history of sustainable development concept, principles, causes, reasons, moments, events, institutions involved at international, European and national level, achievements. The study is focused on Romania, starting from the actual situation of animal husbandry and learning from the country own and others experience. During the last centuries, the scientific studies noticed that the growth trends of the world population and resources utilization which could determine complications for survival of human society. The first Report of The Club of Rome (1972 concluded mathematically that " if the present growth trends in world population, industrialization, pollution, food production, and resources depletion continue to remain unchanged, the limits to growth on this planet will be reached sometime in the next hundred years",..that is in the 21 century. As a reply, the international and national bodies adopted recommendations for a sustainable development. This study analyzed the problems of sustainable development of animal production in Romania, taking into consideration that the conversion rate of energy provided by plants to animal products is about 20%, and this decrease of the number of population is supported by agricultural food production. Two production systems are proposed: (1. Intensive production systems, with high forage conversion, in favorable agricultural country area; (2. extensive (free-ranging, transhumance, pendulation, sustainable, biological production in not or less favorable agricultural area (mountain area, etc.

  20. U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues. Volume 2. National Security Policy and Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    repudiation.33 More to the point was the work of Ken Booth, a British political scientist. Booth warned, in his 1979 book Strategy and Ethnocentrism ...of how ethnocentrism distorted the theory and practice of strategy. As he pointed out, understanding cultural distortions, like any perceptual...how ethnocentrism can warp an understanding of international politics, affirmed the concept of strategic culture and declared categorically that

  1. Defining an open access resource strategy for research libraries:Part Ⅲ—The strategies and practices of National Science Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaolin; ZHANG; Xiwen; LIU; Lin; LI; Yan; ZENG; Li-Ping; KU

    2012-01-01

    Purpose:This paper describes the strategies and practices of National Science Library(NSL),Chinese Academy of Sciences(CAS)in promoting open access(OA)and developing OA resources.Design/methodology/approach:Multi-facet frameworks are devised to guide the development of OA strategies and practices.Key OA initiatives are briefly described along the main aspects of the strategies as they contribute to implementation of the OA strategies.Findings:NSL defined its role as the Chief OA Officer for CAS and a key OA promoter for China.Accordingly,NSL has engaged in multiple fronts of promoting OA,including development of OA strategies for CAS,establishment of itself as an OA knowledge&promotion center,development of the CAS IR system,and support for OA publishing by CAS authors.Research limitations:OA is still evolving,so are the strategies and practices as many actions are experimental and explorative in nature.Open books,open data,and open educational resources are yet to be covered.Comparative studies are needed,so is the evidence-based impact analysis.Practical implications:Institutions can adopt,adapt,or compare with examples and lessons learned are described here.Originality/value:The multi-faceted frameworks,working principles,and lessons learned are based on NSL’s practices which can be valuable to the overall OA development.

  2. Costs, equity, efficiency and feasibility of identifying the poor in Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme: empirical analysis of various strategies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aryeetey, G.C.N.O.; Jehu-Appiah, C.; Spaan, E.J.A.M.; Agyepong, I.; Baltussen, R.M.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To analyse the costs and evaluate the equity, efficiency and feasibility of four strategies to identify poor households for premium exemptions in Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS): means testing (MT), proxy means testing (PMT), participatory wealth ranking (PWR) and geograph

  3. Anti-Racist Strategies in Finnish Children's Literature: Physical Appearance and Language as Signifiers of National Belonging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesonen, Jaana

    2013-01-01

    This article examines anti-racist strategies employed in Finnish children's literature. The examples from four stories illustrate that certain physical characteristics and cultural markers can become strong signifiers of nationality, that is Finnishness. The characters in these stories have to cope with experiences of exclusion and loneliness…

  4. OISE/UT Evaluation of the Implementation of the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies. Second Annual Report. Watching & Learning 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Earl, Lorna; Levin, Ben; Leithwood, Ken; Fullan, Michael; Watson, Nancy

    This, the second of three annual reports by the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE), continues to track central policy and developments in the implementation of the British National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies (NLS and NNS). The report considers value for money in their funding and on the perception and experience of the…

  5. The Search for Quality: A Five Country Study of National Strategies to Improve Educational Quality in Central Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, D.W.; Weidman, J.; Cohen, M.; Mercer, M.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a comparative analysis of the strategies employed over the last decade by governments of five Central Asia republics-Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan-to raise educational quality at the primary and secondary levels. Data are drawn from a 2002 cross-national study sponsored by the Asian…

  6. Regional Innovation System Strengthening Program (SIDa as an Exit Strategy National Community Development Program (PNPM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh Narutomo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the PNPM program and follow the program with SIDA Strengthening Program. The research method used is a qualitative method approach of this research through the evaluation research design that builds on the CIPP evaluation model (Context-Input-Process-Product. Since the failure of theories and models of development are too glorifies growth, makes many people turn to focus on people development, which includes requiring optimization of local resources, participation, and empowerment. Since then, "empowerment" which was introduced in Indonesia has been anesthetized and made many hopes among many parties. In 2007 started the National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM which continue Kecamatan Development Program (KDP. PNPM 2014 which is part of the United Indonesia Cabinet Volume 2 is going to end. For that we need to look for an exit strategy program that can maintain sustainability of PNPM. Regional Innovation Systems Strengthening Program (SIDA is a program of the whole process in one system to foster innovation made between government institutions, local governments, research institutions, educational institutions, innovation support institutions, businesses, and communities in areas that have been implemented since the 2012 SIDA program is an empowerment program as well, both to the public and even empowering to all elements such as academia, private industry, government and society.

  7. Emergency care and the national quality strategy: highlights from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatesh, Arjun K; Goodrich, Kate

    2015-04-01

    The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) of the US Department of Health and Human Services seeks to optimize health outcomes by leading clinical quality improvement and health system transformation through a variety of activities, including quality measure alignment, prioritization, and implementation. CMS manages more than 20 federal quality measurement and public reporting programs that cover the gamut of health care providers and facilities, including both hospital-based emergency departments (EDs) and individual emergency physicians. With more than 130 million annual visits, and as the primary portal of hospital admission, US hospital-based EDs deliver a substantial portion of acute care to Medicare beneficiaries. Given the position of emergency care across clinical conditions and between multiple settings of care, the ED plays a critical role in fulfilling all 6 priorities of the National Quality Strategy. We outline current CMS initiatives and future opportunities for emergency physicians and EDs to effect each of these priorities and help CMS achieve the triple aim of better health, better health care, and lower costs.

  8. [Implementing strategies to improve the institutional governance of the Spanish National Health System].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Repullo, José Ramón; Freire, José Manuel

    2016-11-01

    The 2008 economic crisis made the issue of good governance more present and visible, but the debate risks stalling in an academic and political discourse that barely exceeds the declarative. We acknowledge the existence of noteworthy documents from scientific medical societies and some institutional proposals that point towards promising changes. Viewing good governance as accountability, participation, transparency, intelligence and integrity, our objective is to identify the determinants of inaction and remove the barriers that prevent the adoption of rational and widely agreed-upon proposals. This led us: 1) to allocate the proposals to their appropriate governance level (macro, meso, micro and system environment) so as to more directly engage the agents of change; and 2) to highlight some decision nodes that can act as levers to catalyse selective transformations and to initiate the change processes. Taking into account the diversity of actors and scenarios, a top-down rational, integrated and reformist strategy for the whole Spanish National Health System does not seem likely or viable. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to promote changes, setting a targeted and reasoned agenda to visualise key issues and to enable multilevel and multidimensional thinking and advocacy of health-sector and society stakeholders. Copyright © 2016 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. Research on the development for emerging industries in Nantong under the national strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhongnian; Qin, Yan; Zhang, Lijuan; Li, Tianying; Wang, Qing

    2017-08-01

    In this paper, according to the relevant national strategic emerging industry planning and policy, conducted in-depth research on the development of emerging industries in Nantong, and believes that current economic social development in Nantong has been entered into a new normal period, in the new period to “innovation” as the core characteristics, strategic emerging industry opportunities and challenges facing the industry. Therefore, Nantong should persist in innovation driven, focus on the cultivation and development of new industries, to provide new impetus to Nantong’s economic vitality and development. According to the development and upgrading of traditional industries, and expand the advantages of industry, cultivate new industries, for each kind of industry to come up with specific development strategies and suggestions: Nantong municipal government will be the seven emerging industries four in the industry (i.e., new material industry, new energy industry, new information technology industry, high-end equipment manufacturing industry) as the development object, further “bigger and stronger”, and strive to enhance the industrial scale and the formation of local characteristics as soon as possible.

  10. The communication of physical science uncertainty in European National Adaptation Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenz, S; Dessai, S; Paavola, J; Forster, P M

    Many European countries have developed National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) to guide adaptation to the expected impacts of climate change. There is a need for more structured communication of the uncertainties related to future climate and its impacts so that adaptation actions can be planned and implemented effectively and efficiently. We develop a novel uncertainty assessment framework for comparing approaches to the inclusion and communication of physical science uncertainty, and use it to analyse ten European NAS. The framework is based on but modifies and integrates the notion of the "cascade of uncertainties" and the NUSAP (Numeral Unit Spread Assessment Pedigree) methodology to include the overarching assessment categories of Numerical Value, Spread, Depth and Substantiation. Our assessment indicates that there are marked differences between the NAS in terms of inclusion and communication of physical science uncertainty. We find that there is a bias towards the communication of quantitative uncertainties as opposed to qualitative uncertainties. Through the examination of the English and German NAS, we find that similar stages of development in adaptation policy planning can nevertheless result in differences in handling physical science uncertainty. We propose that the degree of transparency and openness on physical science uncertainty is linked to the wider socio-political context within which the NAS are framed. Our methodology can help raise awareness among NAS users about the explicit and embedded information on physical science uncertainty within the existing NAS and would help to design more structured uncertainty communication in new or revised NAS.

  11. Is the U.S. National Security Strategy Balanced? An Assessment of the Role of Domestic Issues as Part of the National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-10

    Budget Office, 82. 16Nye, 220-222. 17 Edward M. Earle, " Adam Smith , Alexander Hamilton, Friedrich List: The Economic Foundations of Military Power...34 Adam Smith , Alexander Hamilton, Friedrich List: the Economic Foundations of Military Power." Makers of Modern Strategy. Princeton; NJ: Princeton

  12. Characterizing researchers by strategies used for retaining minority participants: results of a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, James; Quinn, Sandra C; Fryer, Craig S; Garza, Mary A; Kim, Kevin H; Thomas, Stephen B

    2013-09-01

    Limited attention has been given to the optimal strategies for retaining racial and ethnic minorities within studies and during the follow-up period. High attrition limits the interpretation of results and reduces the ability to translate findings into successful interventions. This study examined the retention strategies used by researchers when retaining minorities in research studies. From May to August 2010, we conducted an online survey with researchers (principal investigators, research staff, and IRB members) and examined their use of seven commonly used retention strategies. The number and type of retention strategies used, how these strategies differ by researcher type, and other characteristics (e.g., funding) were explored. We identified three clusters of researchers: comprehensive retention strategy researchers - utilized the greatest number of retention strategies; moderate retention strategy researchers - utilized an average number of retention strategies; and limited retention strategy researchers - utilized the least number of retention strategies. The comprehensive and moderate retention strategy researchers were more likely than the limited retention strategy researchers to conduct health outcomes research, work with a community advisory board, hire minority staff, use steps at a higher rate to overcome retention barriers, develop new partnerships with the minority community, modify study materials for the minority population, and allow staff to work flexible schedules. This study is a novel effort to characterize researchers, without implying a value judgment, according to their use of specific retention strategies. It provides critical information for conducting future research to determine the effectiveness of using a combination of retention strategies.

  13. Prevention of work-related psychological disorders. A national strategy proposed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauter, S L; Murphy, L R; Hurrell, J J

    1990-10-01

    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recognizes psychological disorders as a leading occupational health problem. This document, developed by a NIOSH working group led by the present authors, represents a first attempt to fashion a comprehensive national strategy to protect and promote the psychological health of workers. Roles are identified for industry, labor, government, and academia. Key initiatives include (a) steps to improve working conditions and employee mental health services and (b) increased research and surveillance to advance understanding of the problem. Because work-related psychological disorders appear to be a rapidly developing problem lacking complete definition in terms of scope and etiology, this strategy is not to be considered a final statement of NIOSH policy.

  14. Learning and Study Strategies Inventory subtests and factors as predictors of National Board of Chiropractic Examiners Part 1 examination performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutz, Christine M; Dalton, Leanne; Tepe, Rodger E

    2013-01-01

    This study was designed to extend research on the relationship between chiropractic students' learning and study strategies and national board examination performance. Sixty-nine first trimester chiropractic students self-administered the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI). Linear trends tests (for continuous variables) and Mantel-Haenszel trend tests (for categorical variables) were utilized to determine if the 10 LASSI subtests and 3 factors predicted low, medium and high levels of National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) Part 1 scores. Multiple regression was performed to predict overall mean NBCE examination scores using the 3 LASSI factors as predictor variables. Four LASSI subtests (Anxiety, Concentration, Selecting Main Ideas, Test Strategies) and one factor (Goal Orientation) were significantly associated with NBCE examination levels. One factor (Goal Orientation) was a significant predictor of overall mean NBCE examination performance. Learning and study strategies are predictive of NBCE Part 1 examination performance in chiropractic students. The current study found LASSI subtests Anxiety, Concentration, Selecting Main Ideas, and Test Strategies, and the Goal-Orientation factor to be significant predictors of NBCE scores. The LASSI may be useful to educators in preparing students for academic success. Further research is warranted to explore the effects of learning and study strategies training on GPA and NBCE performance.

  15. The trends in EMR and CPOE adoption in Japan under the national strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Yuichi; Imai, Takeshi; Ohe, Kazuhiko

    2013-10-01

    We evaluate the status of health information system (HIS) adoption (In this paper, "HIS" means electronic medical record system (EMR) and computerized provider order entry system (CPOE)). We also evaluate the affect of the policies of Japanese government. The status of HIS adoption in Japan from 2002 to 2011 was investigated using reports from complete surveys of all medical institutions conducted by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW). HIS-related budgets invested by the Japanese government from 2000 to 2008 were surveyed mainly using literatures and administrative documents of the Japanese government (MHLW and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry). The rates of HIS adoption in Japan in 2011 were: 20.9% for the rate of EMR adoption in clinics, 20.1% for the rate of EMR adoption and 36.6% for the rate of CPOE adoption in hospitals. In hospitals, the rate of EMR and CPOE adoption were 51.5% and 78.6% in 822 large hospitals (400 or more beds), 27.3% and 52.1% in 1832 medium hospitals (200-399 beds), and 13.5% and 26.0% in 5951 small hospitals (less than 200 beds), respectively. Japan has a large number of medical institutions (99,547 clinics and 8605 hospitals) with a low rate of EMR adoption in clinics and a high rate of HIS adoption in hospitals. The national budget to expand HIS use was implemented for medium and large hospitals mainly. The policy target of New IT Reform Strategy was not achieved. The rate of HIS adoption in Japanese medium and large hospitals is high compared to small hospitals and clinics, and this is attributable to the fact that the Japanese government placed the target for HIS adoption on key hospitals with a large number of beds and concentrated budget investment in those hospitals. Besides, legal approval of EMR and the introduction of Diagnostic Procedure Combination system facilitated EMR adoption. There is less financial support for small hospitals than medium and large hospitals. The low rate of EMR adoption in clinics

  16. Alaska North Slope National Energy Strategy initiative: Analysis of five undeveloped fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, C.P.; Allaire, R.B.; Doughty, T.C.; Faulder, D.D.; Irving, J.S.; Jamison, H.C.; White, G.J.

    1993-05-01

    The US Department of Energy was directed in the National Energy Strategy to establish a federal interagency task force to identify specific technical and regulatory barriers to the development of five undeveloped North Slope Alaska fields and make recommendations for their resolution. The five fields are West Sak, Point Thomson, Gwydyr Bay, Seal Island/Northstar, and Sandpiper Island. Analysis of environmental, regulatory, technical, and economic information, and data relating to the development potential of the five fields leads to the following conclusions: Development of the five fields would result in an estimated total of 1,055 million barrels of oil and 4.4 trillion cubic feet of natural gas and total investment of $9.4 billion in 1992 dollars. It appears that all five of the fields will remain economically marginal developments unless there is significant improvement in world oil prices. Costs of regulatory compliance and mitigation, and costs to reduce or maintain environmental impacts at acceptable levels influence project investments and operating costs and must be considered in the development decision making process. The development of three of the fields (West Sak, Point Thomson, and Gwydyr Bay) that are marginally feasible would have an impact on North Slope production over the period from about 2000 to 2014 but cannot replace the decline in Prudhoe Bay Unit production or maintain the operation of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) beyond about 2014 with the assumption that the TAPS will shut down when production declines to the range of 400 to 200 thousand barrels of oil/day. Recoverable reserves left in the ground in the currently producing fields and soon to be developed fields, Niakuk and Point McIntyre, would range from 1 billion to 500 million barrels of oil corresponding to the time period of 2008 to 2014 based on the TAPS shutdown assumption.

  17. Nutrition and foraging strategies of the black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Palenque National Park, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amato, Katherine R; Garber, Paul A

    2014-08-01

    Food resources consumed by primates vary markedly in nutritional content. As a result, foragers must develop a feeding strategy to select resources that balance energy and macronutrient intake and reduce the consumption of fiber and toxins. In this study, we collected data on dietary patterns, rates of food consumption, and weight of food items consumed and combined them with published values of the nutritional content of Neotropical foods to estimate energy and nutrient intake during a 10-month period in two groups (N=16 individuals) of black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra) inhabiting Palenque National Park, Mexico. Although howler monkeys are generally assumed to exploit a leaf-dominated diet and be energy-limited, our results indicated that black howlers met their estimated energy requirements, consuming an average of 0.58 MJ of overall energy per metabolic body mass per day. The howlers also surpassed protein requirements by consuming an average of 8.2 g of protein per metabolic body mass per day. The amount of time they spent resting was not correlated with the amount of leaves or fruit in the diet or with overall energy intake. Therefore, despite consuming a leaf-heavy diet during some months of the year, black howlers do not appear to be energy-limited. Additionally, the howlers maintained a relatively consistent level of average daily protein energy intake regardless of diet composition, while non-protein energy intake varied in response to the amount of ripe fruits consumed. Although our use of published nutritional data introduces error, these findings suggest that black howler feeding ecology is more similar to other fruit-eating atelines than previously suspected, and several common assumptions regarding howler behavior and feeding ecology need to be reexamined. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Implementation of the Forest Service Open Space Conservation Strategy in Washington State: Exploring the Role of the National Forest System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard J. Pringle; Lee K. Cerveny; Gordon A. Bradley

    2015-01-01

    The loss of open space was declared one of the “four threats to the health of our nation’s forests” by former USDA Forest Service Chief Dale Bosworth in 2004. Since then, the agencywide Open Space Conservation Strategy (OSCS) was released and the “four threats” were incorporated into the agency’s National Strategic Plan. These actions indicate that the OSCS is in the...

  19. Are there national strategies, plans and guidelines for the treatment of hepatitis C in people who inject drugs?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maticic, Mojca; Videcnik Zorman, Jerneja; Gregorcic, Sergeja;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a major global health problem, which in high-income countries now mostly affects people who inject drugs (PWID). Many studies show that the treatment of HCV infection is as successful among PWID as among other populations and recently PWID...... have been included in the international guidelines for the treatment of HCV infection. The aim of this survey was to collect data from European countries on the existence of national strategies, action plans and clinical guidelines for HCV treatment in the general population and PWID in particular....... METHODS: Thirty-three European countries were invited to participate. Data on available national strategies, action plans and guidelines for HCV treatment in general population and in PWID specifically were collected prospectively by means of a structured electronic questionnaire and analyzed accordingly...

  20. Subsonic Transonic Applied Refinements By Using Key Strategies - STARBUKS In the NASA Langley Research Center National Transonic Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paryz, Roman W.

    2014-01-01

    Several upgrade projects have been completed at the NASA Langley Research Center National Transonic Facility over the last 1.5 years in an effort defined as STARBUKS - Subsonic Transonic Applied Refinements By Using Key Strategies. This multi-year effort was undertaken to improve NTF's overall capabilities by addressing Accuracy and Validation, Productivity, and Reliability areas at the NTF. This presentation will give a brief synopsis of each of these efforts.

  1. Economic and Technological Role of Kuzbass Industry in the Implementation of National Energy Strategy of Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Zhironkin, Sergey Aleksandrovich; Khoreshok, Aleksey Alekseevich; Tyulenev, M. A.; Barysheva, Galina Anzelmovna; Hellmer, M. C.

    2016-01-01

    This article describes the problems and prospects of development of coal mining in Kuzbass - the center of coal production in Siberia and Russia, in the framework of the major initiatives of the National Energy Strategy for the period until 2035. The structural character of the regional coal industry problems, caused by decline in investment activity, high level of fixed assets depreciation, slow development of deep coal processing and technological reduction of coal mining is shown.

  2. Economic and Technological Role of Kuzbass Industry in the Implementation of National Energy Strategy of Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhironkin, S. A.; Khoreshok, A. A.; Tyulenev, M. A.; Barysheva, G. A.; Hellmer, M. C.

    2016-08-01

    This article describes the problems and prospects of development of coal mining in Kuzbass - the center of coal production in Siberia and Russia, in the framework of the major initiatives of the National Energy Strategy for the period until 2035. The structural character of the regional coal industry problems, caused by decline in investment activity, high level of fixed assets depreciation, slow development of deep coal processing and technological reduction of coal mining is shown.

  3. National Energy Strategy 2012-2026; Estrategia Nacional de Energia 2012-2026

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Direccion General de Planeacion Estrategica, Secretaria de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2012-02-15

    In compliance with the provisions of the Congress, the National Energy Strategy 2012-2026 (NES) outlines the direction of the Mexican energy sector with a horizon of 15 years. Its vision is supported by a comprehensive planning exercise that collects information from each of the parastatals and decentralized administrative bodies that make up the sector. This ensures the accuracy and relevance of information presented throughout the document and integrates the perspectives of all public bodies involved. From that interagency and interdisciplinary approach, the NES provides energy policy guidelines that are essential to realize this vision. In turn, these serve to construct detailed criteria of public policy. Finally, the NES raises specific targets for 2026, which can be achieved based on the implementation of actions considered within the planning guidelines. The NES is a prospective tool and indicative that stands as a useful tool for any plan or program. To serve as an instrument of dialogue between institutions and authorities, NES is a document with a solid vision and a planned role in Mexico's energy policy. [Spanish] En cumplimiento por lo establecido por el Congreso de la Union, la Estrategia Nacional de Energia 2012-2026 (ENE) delinea el rumbo del sector energetico mexicano con un horizonte de 15 anos. Su vision esta sustentada en un ejercicio integral de planeacion que recaba informacion de cada una de las entidades paraestatales y organos administrativos desconcentrados que conforman el sector. Esto garantiza la precision y pertinencia de la informacion presentada a lo largo del documento e integra las perspectivas de todos los entes publicos involucrados. A partir de ese enfoque interinstitucional e interdisciplinario, la ENE establece los lineamientos de politica energetica que son indispensables para materializar esta vision. A su vez, estos sirven para construir criterios detallados de politica publica. Finalmente, la ENE plantea metas concretas

  4. Influence of the Personalization and Codification Strategies on Successful Knowledge Management Case Study: National Iranian Oil Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roghyeh Nouri

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Successful implementation of Knowledge Management (KM involves on identification the most effective associated factors. Hence well-thought-out of organization strategy often is absent in implementing KM. Moreover resource restrictions lead us to prioritize them. Consequently, organizations are looking to prioritize the projects for deploying KM in order to invest on the infrastructural projects based on that. The purpose of this study is on identifying, classifying and ranking the enablers related to four key factors of people, process, leadership and information technology based on two given KM strategies. The quantitative approach was utilized in collecting data through questionnaire. In order to approve and classify the identified enablers in each key factor, a quantitative approach was utilized in collecting data through a few justifiable reliable questionnaires. We designed them using Delphi method and distributed among organization experts. Significant factors extracted from applying an exploratory factor analysis using the SPSS package. In order to prioritize the extracted enabler’s a fuzzy multi-criteria decision making technique is then applied. The results shows that among thirty identified enablers in personalization strategy, twenty seven ones and among the nineteen identified enablers in codification strategy, sixteen of are significant. Accordingly by ranking the factors and enablers in nine management organizations of the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC, the leadership factor in personalization strategy and also information technology in codification strategy have higher ranks by weighing 0.259 and 0.267respectively.

  5. Research on the strategies to optimize traditional Korean nationality village residential environment -- Taking the transformation of Chatiao Village in Antu County, Yanbian Korean Nationality Autonomous Prefecture as example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaoyang, Sun; Xin, Sui; Mo, Li; Yongqiang, Wang

    2017-04-01

    This research is aimed to make an in-depth research into the strategies and methods to protect and develop the residential environment in the villages and towns with minority group characteristics. In the research on the construction mode and optimization strategy of the residential environment of the original residents in Chatiao Village, Antu County, Korean Nationality Autonomous Prefecture, the contents of architecture and planning were used comprehensively with the philosophy of green design, sociology and economics being combined simultaneously to drive the humanistic and economic development in the minority areas at the same time of providing new employment opportunities and a comfortable residential environment for people, thus realizing the complete development of the characteristic villages in Chinese minority areas.

  6. Analyzing the Dependency Between National Logistics Performance and Competitiveness: Which Logistics Competence is Core for National Strategy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burmaoglu Serhat

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available With the advancements in the strategic management field, logistics management has changed considerably and logistics competency has emerged as a new and important area of research. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to find the core logistics abilities, which enable nations to achieve a competitive advantage in the logistics market. Two different data sets, one from World Economic Forum and the other from the World Bank were used. Cluster and discriminant analysis were used to answer the research questions. The results indicated that while the logistics infrastructure and the customs were absolute in determining a high-competitive country, the logistics competence and the tracking & tracing were the core logistics abilities needed to sustain the competitive advantage in long term. The implications of these results are also discussed.

  7. Governing people's lives. Strategies for improving the health of the nations in England, Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallgårda, S

    2001-12-01

    Public health strategies reflect governments' wish to make people's lives longer and healthier. This can either be achieved by influencing the frames of people's lives and activities or the way they behave, i.e. to try to 'conduct their conduct'. In this paper the motivations for and methods of four national public health strategies are analysed. They are the English, the Norwegian, the Danish and the Swedish. Four questions are addressed: i) how is the governing activities aimed at improving the health of the population justified; ii) which issues are defined as problems; iii) which causes of the problems are identified; and iv) which governing techniques are suggested to solve the problems. The English and Danish programmes focus on mortality while the others give high priority to non-lethal diseases and conditions. The Danish programme mainly aims at making people conduct themselves in a more healthy way, i.e. change their behaviour, often guided by health professionals. The Norwegian paper has empowerment as its central strategy. The strategy is based on the assumption that if people get more power over their own lives they will become more healthy and behave in a more healthy way. The Swedish emphasis is on changing people's living conditions and much less is said about the role of the individual. The English programme launches a national contract where individuals and authorities should work both to change people's behaviour and their living conditions. All strategies deal with the increasing social inequality in health, the English and Swedish strategies more than the others. There does not seem to be a specific Nordic model in this field of welfare state politics.

  8. Strategies toward the Inclusion of Environmental Education in Educator Preparation Programs: Results from a National Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crim, Courtney; Moseley, Christine; Desjean-Perrotta, Blanche

    2017-01-01

    A national study was conducted to investigate the inclusion of environmental education (EE) into educator preparation programs across the United States. Responses from teacher educators in institutions of higher education indicated that the infusion of EE into educator preparation programs is limited and varies greatly across the nation. Findings…

  9. Monitoring groundwater quality in South-Africa: Development of a national strategy

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Parsons, R

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about the temporal distribution of groundwater quality on a national scale in South Africa. The effective management of the country's groundwater resources is thus difficult and a need exists for a national network for monitoring...

  10. Alternative Strategies to William Bennett's Plan for a National War on Drugs: A Comprehensive Systems Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Andrea, Michael

    As this country's first appointed "drug czar," William Bennett developed a set of proposals for a national campaign against drug abuse. These included: expanding the national prison capacity by 85 percent; providing additional fiscal support for states and local areas that adopt anti-drug laws; and increasing the availablility of…

  11. Alternative Strategies to William Bennett's Plan for a National War on Drugs: A Comprehensive Systems Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Andrea, Michael

    As this country's first appointed "drug czar," William Bennett developed a set of proposals for a national campaign against drug abuse. These included: expanding the national prison capacity by 85 percent; providing additional fiscal support for states and local areas that adopt anti-drug laws; and increasing the availablility of…

  12. Industrial grand challenges: A competitiveness strategy for the DOE national laboratories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Werne, R.W.

    1993-10-14

    The Cold War has been won; won in part by superior technology; superior technology such as that found in the DOE national laboratories. However, new challenges face the country, for it is clear that our historic notions of national security have changed to include economic security as well as defense. Economic security means that our industries are able to successfully compete in international markets in order to provide a high domestic standard of living. It is also recognized that US industries must achieve and maintain a leadership in technology and that the technology base of the DOE national laboratories must now be mobilized to support US industry. Once again the laboratories are called upon to support the country in a time of need. Because of this need we are seeing a significant change in mission for the Department of Energy national laboratories in their role as problem solvers for the nation. In particular, the Defense Programs (DP) national labs (Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, Sandia National Laboratories, and Martin Marietta Energy Systems Y-12) are moving from dosed institutions to open centers with significant resources ready to support US industry more vigorously than ever before. The DP laboratories are enthusiastic about their new mission and are reaching out to industry in an effort to understand industries` needs and find applications for Laboratory skills and technologies.

  13. Biological Risks to Public Health: Lessons from an International Conference to Inform the Development of National Risk Communication Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickmann, Petra; Bhatiasevi, Aphaluck; Chaib, Fadela; Baggio, Ombretta; Banluta, Christina; Hollenweger, Lilian; Maaroufi, Abderrahmane

    Biological risk management in public health focuses on the impact of outbreaks on health, the economy, and other systems and on ensuring biosafety and biosecurity. To address this broad range of risks, the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005) request that all member states build defined core capacities, risk communication being one of them. While there is existing guidance on the communication process and on what health authorities need to consider to design risk communication strategies that meet the requirements on a governance level, little has been done on implementation because of a number of factors, including lack of resources (human, financial, and others) and systems to support effective and consistent capacity for risk communication. The international conference on "Risk communication strategies before, during and after public health emergencies" provided a platform to present current strategies, facilitate learning from recent outbreaks of infectious diseases, and discuss recommendations to inform risk communication strategy development. The discussion concluded with 4 key areas for improvement in risk communication: consider communication as a multidimensional process in risk communication, broaden the biomedical paradigm by integrating social science intelligence into epidemiologic risk assessments, strengthen multisectoral collaboration including with local organizations, and spearhead changes in organizations for better risk communication governance. National strategies should design risk communication to be proactive, participatory, and multisectoral, facilitating the connection between sectors and strengthening collaboration.

  14. Analysis of the National Strategy of One Belt and One Road Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan; Xintao

    2015-01-01

    The"One Belt and One Road"construction is the important strategic decision by the CPC Central Committee with comrade Xi Jinping as the General Secretary to actively respond to the global situation of profound changes and get an overall grasp of the international and domestic situations.This grand strategy is included in the CPCCC Decision on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening the Reform,and the Government Work Report,and becomes an important development strategy.

  15. Looking Back, Looking Forward: New Strategies for Coverage of a National Web Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zierau, Eld; Laursen, Ditte

    them in a web archive. This presentation will include a description of an operational setup to meet this challenge (to be implemented in 2016). The setup is designed to deal with different (present and future) sources. The sources can be any URL set to be investigated. It can also be derived data (e.......g. text extracts) to be investigated. Finally, it can be known national URLs that need preparation before ingestion to a web archive. The setup output will be seeds, domains and sub-domains that can be feed into national bulk and selective harvests for the national web sphere. [book] Mjøs, O. J. (2012...

  16. [The national strategies for suicide prevention by the United Nation/World Health Organization and the present situation of suicide in the East Asia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Yoshitomo; Takahashi, Sho; Imamura, Yoshihiro; Yamashita, Rira

    2014-01-01

    We discussed "Prevention of suicide: Guidelines for the formulation and implementation of national strategies" formulated by the United Nations and the World Health Organization in 1996 and the present situation of suicide in the East Asia. Although much public attention has been paid to a high suicide rate of Japan in the world, the increasing tendency of suicide rates have been found in other East Asian countries as well. For example the Republic of Korea shows a recent suicide rate higher than 30 per 100,000, which surpasses the suicide rate of Japan. Facing the fact, various measures for suicide prevention have been conducted. The UN guidelines for suicide prevention point out that these strategies should be discussed to meet each country's need for more appropriate suicide prevention. The Japanese government had the Basic Law on Suicide Prevention enforced in 2006 to implement measures that society must tackle because various social factors are behind suicides. In recent years, some countries in the East Asia also show increasing suicide rates, which attract the society's serious concern. The rapid economic growth and globalization have led to personnel cut, performance-based compensation, and the widening gap between the rich and the poor and the society cannot maintain the conventional employment system. In addition, socio-economic changes have brought collapse of the original societal and familial system, which might have existed behind the increase of suicide in this region.

  17. Attributes of researchers and their strategies to recruit minority populations: results of a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Sandra Crouse; Butler, James; Fryer, Craig S; Garza, Mary A; Kim, Kevin H; Ryan, Christopher; Thomas, Stephen B

    2012-11-01

    Despite NIH mandates for inclusion, recruiting minorities is challenging for biomedical and public health researchers. Little is known about how attributes of researchers affect their choice of recruitment strategies. The purpose of this study was to address this gap by examining how use of recruitment strategies relates to other researcher characteristics. To do this, we conducted an online survey from May to August 2010 with researchers (principal investigators, research staff, and IRB members) in which we measured the number and types of recruitment strategies utilized, along with other characteristics of the researchers and their research. We identified two clusters of researchers: comprehensive researchers who utilized a greater number and more diverse and active recruitment strategies, and traditional researchers, who utilized fewer and more passive strategies. Additional characteristics that distinguished the two groups were that comprehensive researchers were more likely than traditional researchers to 1) report racial and ethnic differences as one of their specific aims or hypotheses, 2) receive federal (CDC and NIH) funding, 3) conduct behavioral or epidemiological research, and 4) have received training in conducting research with and recruiting minorities. Traditional researchers, on the other hand, were more likely to conduct clinical research and a greater (though non-significant) percentage received funding from pharmaceutical sources. This study provides a novel description of how researcher attributes are related to their recruitment strategies and raises a number of future research questions to further examine the implications of this relationship.

  18. Improving population-based cervical cancer screening in general practice : effects of a national strategy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermens, R P; Hak, E; Hulscher, M E; Mulder, J; Tacken, M A; Braspenning, J C; Grol, R P

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a Dutch national prevention programme, aimed at general practitioners (GPs), on the adherence to organizational guidelines for effective cervical cancer screening in general practice. To identify the characteristics of general practices determining success. DESIGN

  19. Science, environment and technology summit: A long term national science strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trivelpiece, A.W.

    1995-06-01

    This document contains the text of the testimony given by Alvin W. Trivelpiece, Director, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, before the Subcommittee on Basic Research, Committee on Science, US House of Representatives in Oak Ridge, TN on June 1, 1995.

  20. The Need to Develop a National Health Strategy - A Report on the Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    term care facilities, hospitals including mental hospitals, clinics, midwives , alternative medicine providers, and administrators.8 3 • Payers...adequate resources to fund both national security and quality health care. Competing civilian sector requirements will also make it increasingly difficult

  1. 一个农业人口大国的工业化之路:中国降低农村贫困的经验%A Successful Anti-poverty War: Experience from China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章元; 许庆; 邬璟璟

    2012-01-01

    本文试图总结作为农业人口大国的中国在降低农村贫困方面的成功经验。本文认为中国通过优先发展城市工业部门来推动工业化并推动经济增长和降低农村贫困有其必然性,在人多地少的条件下优先发展附加值较低的农业未必是一个好策略。中国首先通过城市倾向政策推动工业化,创造出了新的经济增长点,并创造大量非农就业岗位吸收农村剩余劳动力,而贫困农户能够进入劳动力密集型的工业部门就业并获得更高收入,这是他们分享工业化所带来的经济增长“蛋糕”并脱离贫困陷阱的关键渠道。%In the past three decades, China created a miracle of high economic growth and rural poverty reduction, from which a lot of experiences can be generalized for the world's economic development. This paper, from the angle of poverty reduction, believes that the following points could be important for other developing countries: first, with a very small per capita farm land, it's not a very good strategy for China to encourage the development of low-value added agriculture in hope for decreasing rural poverty; second, the un-equal development strategy adopted by China in the industrialization do drive the economic growth and poverty reduction successfully, i. e. , employing urban biased polices to accumulate capital and creating a huge and fast-growing secondary industry, which provides a lot of employment opportunities for those low- education and low-skill surplus labors from rural China, and as a result, provides chances for'rural poor to escape from poverty trap.

  2. The indicators of the national strategy for sustainable development 2010-2013 - 2012 issue; Les indicateurs de la strategie nationale de developpement durable 2010-2013 - edition 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-02-15

    The French national strategy for sustainable development has been adopted within the context of the Grenelle de l'Environnement. Fifteen key indicators (raw materials, early exits from the education system, research and development, women participation to governance bodies, aggregated emissions of six greenhouse gases, carbon print, renewable energies, energy consumption in transports and GDP, abundance index of common bird populations, soil artificialization, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy, monetary poverty rate after social transfers, senior employment rate, share of young people out of work and out of education, public aid to development) and four indicators of economic and social context (gross domestic income and GDP per inhabitant, unemployment and under-employment rates, income distribution, total fertility rate) have been defined. These indicators are presented and discussed with respect with nine different challenges

  3. Using vis-NIR to predict soil organic carbon and clay at national scale: validation of geographically closest resampling strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peng, Yi; Knadel, Maria; Greve, Mette Balslev

    2016-01-01

    The Danish soil visible-near infrared (vis-NIR) spectral library has proved capable of predicting soil properties in Denmark such as soil organic carbon (SOC) at field scale using the geographically closest resampling strategy. However, this strategy has only been tested on one Danish local field....../farm and for future application it is necessary to extend this approach to all types of Danish soils and evaluate the predictive capabilities of the library at national scale. In the present study, partial least squares regression was used to develop models and predict topsoil SOC (490 samples) and clay contents (442...... samples) for soils from each 7-km grid sampling point in the country. In the resampling and modelling process, each target sample was predicted by a specific model which was calibrated using geographically closest soil spectra. The geographically closest 20, 30, 40, and 50 sampling points (profiles) were...

  4. Using a SWOT analysis to inform healthy eating and physical activity strategies for a remote First Nations community in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, Kelly; Hanning, Rhona M; Sutherland, Celine; Edwards-Wheesk, Ruby; Tsuji, Leonard J S

    2012-01-01

    To plan community-driven health promotion strategies based on a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis of the healthy eating and physical activity patterns of First Nation (FN) youth. Cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative data used to develop SWOT themes and strategies. Remote, subarctic FN community of Fort Albany, Ontario, Canada. Adult (n  =  25) and youth (n  =  66, grades 6-11) community members. Qualitative data were collected using five focus groups with adults (two focus groups) and youth (three focus groups), seven individual interviews with adults, and an environmental scan of 13 direct observations of events/locations (e.g., the grocery store). Quantitative data on food/physical activity behaviors were collected using a validated Web-based survey with youth. Themes were identified from qualitative and quantitative data and were analyzed and interpreted within a SWOT matrix. Thirty-two SWOT themes were identified (e.g., accessibility of existing facilities, such as the gymnasium). The SWOT analysis showed how these themes could be combined and transformed into 12 strategies (e.g., expanding and enhancing the school snack/breakfast program) while integrating suggestions from the community. SWOT analysis was a beneficial tool that facilitated the combination of local data and community ideas in the development of targeted health promotion strategies for the FN community of Fort Albany.

  5. Proposing a Pedigree Risk Measurement Strategy: Capturing the Intergenerational Transmission of Antisocial Behavior in a Nationally Representative Sample of Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Joseph A; Connolly, Eric J; Beaver, Kevin M; Nedelec, Joseph L; Vaughn, Michael G

    2015-12-01

    An impressive literature has revealed that variation in virtually every measurable phenotype is the result of a combination of genetic and environmental influences. Based on these findings, studies that fail to use genetically informed modeling strategies risk model misspecification and biased parameter estimates. Twin- and adoption-based research designs have frequently been used to overcome this limitation. Despite the many advantages of such approaches, many available datasets do not contain samples of twins, siblings or adoptees, making it impossible to utilize these modeling strategies. The current study proposes a measurement strategy for estimating the intergenerational transmission of antisocial behavior (ASB) within a nationally representative sample of singletons using an extended pedigree risk approach that relies on information from first- and second-degree relatives. An evaluation of this approach revealed a pattern of findings that directly aligned with studies examining ASB using more traditional twin- and adoption-based research designs. While the proposed pedigree risk approach is not capable of effectively isolating genetic and environmental influences, this overall alignment in results provides tentative evidence suggesting that the proposed pedigree risk measure effectively captures genetic influences. Future replication studies are necessary as this observation remains preliminary. Whenever possible, more traditional quantitative genetic methodologies should be favored, but the presented strategy remains a viable alternative for more limited samples.

  6. Practical strategies for providing culturally sensitive, ethical care in developing nations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crigger, Nancy J; Holcomb, Lygia

    2007-01-01

    Providing health care in developing nations results in cultural and ethical challenges for health care professionals. The authors' intent is to raise readers' awareness of how to maintain an ethical and culturally sensitive approach to practice in developing nations. Four practical approaches to ethical decision-making, developed from the literature and praxis, in conjunction with traditional moral theory and guidelines from professional and international organizations are discussed. Ethical multiculturalism, a view that combines universalism and multiculturalism undergirds culturally appropriate and ethically responsive decisions.

  7. ICT Policies and Strategies in Higher Education in South Africa: National and Institutional Pathways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Michael; Adam, Fatima

    2007-01-01

    This paper focuses on policy initiatives and strategies used to promote the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in higher education in South Africa. It explores a wider international outlook and current debates in South Africa to map out an emerging South African perspective concerning the integration of ICT in higher…

  8. Education Abroad, Human Capital Development, and National Competitiveness: China's Brain Gain Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Su-Yan

    2011-01-01

    This is a documentary study of education abroad policy in the People's Republic of China (PRC) between 1978 and 2009. By examining the dynamics underpinning the PRC state's efforts to shape the flow of Chinese students and scholars from and into China, this article reveals the major strategies that have enabled education abroad to become a source…

  9. Economic Diplomacy in the Innovation Global Value Chains as the National Security Providing Strategy Component

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitaliy Omelyanenko

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the analyzes of economic diplomacy application in the area of innovations. The strategy of economic diplomacy by improving the efficiency in global value chain participation was considered. The main effects of commercial diplomacy using in the innovation area were identified. The world experience using economic diplomacy in the innovation sphere was considered.

  10. Cross-National Perspectives on Early Adolescence: Implications and Strategies for Public Health Prevention and Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swahn, Monica H.

    2012-01-01

    The current special issue brings together intriguing and important cross-country comparisons of issues pertinent to early adolescence that can inform the design and implementation of broader and relevant public health prevention strategies. The findings illustrate the importance of cross-country analyses for better understanding a range of…

  11. National Strategy on Intellectual Property Rights to Be Launched This Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Ms. Chen Zhili, a State Councilor,expressed on the Glooal Forum on Intellectual Property Rights Protection and Innovation that a plan on the preparation of China's strategy on intellectual property rights would be issued and put into implcmentation this year, in an effort to jointly create a harmonious environment in which dialogue instead of confrontation will prevail.. At the forum, Mr.

  12. Minimalist Medical Diplomacy - Do Engagements Achieve US National Strategy Global Health Security Objectives?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    34The condition of infrastructure is often a barometer of whether a society will slip further into violence or make a peaceful transition out of the...institutionalization of minimalist stabilization, described as an innovative , low-cost small footprint approach to Phase 0 and IV operations.54 This strategy

  13. Land-Based Air in a National Maritime Strategy: The Need for a Joint Strategic Doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-30

    34 U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, August 1985, pp. 34-38. 21. See Karl Deutsch, The Nerves of Government: Models of Political Communication and...Models of Political Communication and Control. London: Free Press of Glencoe, 1963. Dunn, K. and Staudenmeler, W.O. "Strategy for Survival." Foreian

  14. 78 FR 19514 - National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    ... incorporated in the development of this final document. The Strategy is available at http://www... systems provide to people, creating new challenges for human health, infrastructure, agriculture...; wildlife-related tourism and recreation; food and forest production; and, ultimately, our health...

  15. National E-Learning Strategy to Enhance and Enrich the Iraqi Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elameer, Amer Saleem; Idrus, Rozhan M.

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, the HE (higher education) sector of Iraq has suffered severe disruption and mass destruction due to the war and, in general, only 10% of its remaining operational sectors are in the acceptable conditions. This research is an attempt to plan a PS (proposed strategy) for the Iraqi HE sector that can be executed easily in Iraq as a part of…

  16. Strategies for Retrenchment: National, State, Institutional. Current Issues in Higher Education, No. 6, 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.

    Strategies regarding retrenchment in higher education are examined in three papers and commentaries. In "Basing Public Policy on Student Achievement: A New Agenda Item," Francis Keppel recommends that the federal government undertake a program of acquiring data on student achievement in certain areas of the college curriculum to provide…

  17. EPA Releases the First of Four Preliminary Risk Assessments for Insecticides Potentially Harmful to Bees/First-of-its-kind assessment delivers on President Obamas National Pollinator Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delivering on the President's National Pollinator Strategy means EPA is committed not only to protecting bees and reversing bee loss, but for the first time assessing the health of the colony for the neonicotinoid pesticides, said Jim Jones Assista

  18. Strategies to facilitate implementation and sustainability of large system transformations: a case study of a national program for improving quality of care for elderly people

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nyström, Monica Elisabeth; Strehlenert, Helena; Hansson, Johan; Hasson, Henna

    2014-01-01

    .... The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of core activities and strategies to facilitate implementation and change of a national program aimed at improving life for the most ill...

  19. Development of integrated scenarios to attain the environmental aims of the national sustainability strategy; Entwicklung von integrierten Szenarien zur Erreichung der umweltbezogenen Ziele der Nationalen Nachhaltigkeitsstrategie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fink, Alexander; Rammig, Hanna [ScMI AG Paderborn (Germany)

    2013-02-15

    The national sustainability strategy (NHS) shall significantly shape the direction of the sustainable development in Germany. It is aim of the project ''Development of integrated scenarios to attain the environmental aims of the national sustainability strategy'' to develop different options, of how to possibly approach the environmental aims of the national sustainability strategy. In a first step external scenarios were developed, which describe the national sustainability strategy. In a first step external scenarios were developed, which describe the external context for the embodiment of sustainability. In a second step, option scenarios which show alternatives for different actor groups were built for the three areas ''Leisure time, living and alimentation''. In a third step the combination of the different external scenarios and internal options has been conducted, how do the different solution areas fit to the external scenarios.

  20. The European Judicial Training Network and its Role in the Strategy for the Europeanization of National Judges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Benvenuti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the building of a European Judicial Training Framework (EJT, notably the establishment, organization and functioning of the European Judicial Training Network (EJTN. After describing the EJTN and retracing its distinctive features – co-operation, decentralization, complementarity, targeting –, the article underlines its peculiar function within EJT, which reflects the role of EJT itself in the strategy for Europeanization of national judges. It then concludes by pointing out and situating other strategic areas where important synergies with EJT for the purpose of judicial Europeanization can be strengthened, notably enhancement of transnational judicial networks and introduction of knowledge management tools in national systems. The article is based on the analysis of documents and scientific literature as well as on empirical research and semi-structured interviews conducted by the author in 2013 and 2014.

  1. Determining direction and implementing strategy of national nuclear policy under the joint declaration of denuclearization of the korean peninsula.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Sung Tack [Korea Inst. for Defeuse Analyses, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-01

    From the nuclear fuel cycle standpoint, it is possible to argue that the current research and development program related to nuclear energy of South Korea lacks a well-balanced approach. One of the constraints is the Joint Declaration of Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. The Joint Declaration prohibits both the uranium enrichment and the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. Due to such prohibitions, research and development of nuclear energy is under severe imbalance. I suggest the following policy alternatives which would enable South Korea to indirectly overcome those. The background and problems of the Declaration and solutions for it; Prospect and measures for the environment for the use of nuclear energy on the Korean Peninsula; Direction and implementation strategy of national nuclear policy in preparation of the reunification; and Implementation direction of national nuclear policy in the era of reunification. 25 refs., 11 tabs. (author)

  2. Future Directions for Pain Management: Lessons from the Institute of Medicine Pain Report and the National Pain Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Sean

    2016-02-01

    According to the Institute of Medicine Relieving Pain in America Report and the soon to be released National Pain Strategy, pain affects over 100 million Americans and costs our country in over $500 billion per year. We have a greater appreciation for the complex nature of pain and that it can develop into a disease in itself. As such, we need more efforts on prevention of chronic pain and for interdisciplinary approaches. For precision pain medicine to be successful, we need to link learning health systems with pain biomarkers (eg, genomics, proteomics, patient reported outcomes, brain markers) and its treatment.

  3. A SWOT Analysis of the Updated National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the U.S., 2015-2020.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtgrave, David R; Greenwald, Robert

    2016-01-01

    In July 2015, President Barack Obama released an updated National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) for the United States to guide HIV efforts through the year 2020. A federal action plan to accompany the updated NHAS will be released in December 2015. In this editorial, we offer a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis with the aim of increasing discussion of ways to truly fulfill the promise of the updated NHAS and to address barriers that may thwart it from achieving its full potential.

  4. Towards elimination of parent-to-child transmission of syphilis in India: a rapid situation review to inform national strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivas, Vani; Turlapati, Prasad Ln; Bhola, Anil K; Singh, Aman K; Rajan, Shobini; Gupta, Radha S; Khaparde, Sunil D

    2015-01-01

    In February 2015, India's National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, launched a national strategy towards elimination of parent-to-child transmission (E-PTCT) of syphilis, with a goal to reduce the incidence of congenital syphilis to 0.3 cases per 1000 live births by 2017. As part of the development of the national strategy, a rapid situation analysis was undertaken to ascertain the current practices, challenges and barriers for E-PTCT of syphilis in India. The analysis was conducted during February and March 2014 in five states selected from five different regions of India. Key informant interviews were conducted with key stakeholders at facility, state and district level. Content analysis was used to identify the themes. Key barriers identified for E-PTCT of syphilis were: low priority for antenatal syphilis testing among providers, limited access to testing, untrained human resources, shortage of test kits and benzathine penicillin, nonadherence to the national protocol for syphilis testing, and poor recording and reporting of antenatal syphilis data. The analysis also identified opportunities for functional integration of E-PTCT within existing maternal and child health programmes. Health-care providers and programme managers expressed a need for training in the programme for E-PTCT of syphilis. The situation analysis identified that, for successful implementation of E-PTCT of syphilis, it is essential that state and district programme managers adopt this initiative; coordinate the programme; plan for an adequate budget in their programme implementation plan; ensure an uninterrupted supply of standardized diagnostics kits and drugs at all levels of health care; and adhere to E-PTCT guidelines when implementing the programme.

  5. 78 FR 64285 - National Maritime Strategy Symposium: Cargo Opportunities and Sealift Capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... Marine Transportation System stakeholders to participate in a discussion intended to develop a robust...'s cargo opportunities and sealift capacity while ensuring future sustainability. Speaker and topic... of global business and employment opportunities for the Nation; and fostering the construction and...

  6. DWAF water services IAM strategy positioned within the context of other major national IAM initiatives

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wall, K

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available .) A Manus, K Wall and A Ottermann. "A desktop strategic study of the state of water services infrastructure and the state of i ts management." WISA conference, May 2006, Durban. K Wall, D Kale, H Sussens and J Ngobeni. "The national water services...

  7. Identifying Pedagogy and Teaching Strategies for Achieving Nationally Prescribed Learning Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delany, Clare; Kosta, Lauren; Ewen, Shaun; Nicholson, Patricia; Remedios, Louisa; Harms, Louise

    2016-01-01

    With the globalisation of university education, national frameworks are commonly used to prescribe standardised learning outcomes and achieve accountability. However, these frameworks are generally not accompanied by guiding pedagogy to support academics in adjusting their teaching practices to achieve the set outcomes. This paper reports the…

  8. State Strategies to Help Schools Make the Most of Their National School Lunch Program. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulheron, Joyal; Vonasek, Kara

    2010-01-01

    The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is the second largest federally subsidized food assistance program, serving approximately 31 million lunches each day. Nearly all public and private schools offer the federally reimbursed school meals program, which cost the federal government $9.3 billion to operate in 2008. This Issue Brief highlights the…

  9. The International Criminal Court as a Component of U.S. National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-21

    international character .33 After years of negotiations, 148 nations came together in 1998 to hammer out the final details about...critic of the ICC, while accurate in his comparison between the two systems, misses the larger picture. No international tribunal, not even Nuremberg

  10. A 21st Century Science, Technology, and Innovation Strategy for Americas National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    areas. Advanced Computing and Communications The exponential growth of the digital economy, driven by ubiquitous computing and communication...technologies, holds tremendous potential for innovation, economic competitiveness , and national security. New and rapidly evolving technological...weapons- focused R&D, many of the capabilities being developed have significant dual-use potential. Digital connectivity, for instance, brings

  11. Identifying Pedagogy and Teaching Strategies for Achieving Nationally Prescribed Learning Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delany, Clare; Kosta, Lauren; Ewen, Shaun; Nicholson, Patricia; Remedios, Louisa; Harms, Louise

    2016-01-01

    With the globalisation of university education, national frameworks are commonly used to prescribe standardised learning outcomes and achieve accountability. However, these frameworks are generally not accompanied by guiding pedagogy to support academics in adjusting their teaching practices to achieve the set outcomes. This paper reports the…

  12. Walkers' Perspectives on Nature Management Strategies: Nature Restoration in a National Park

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marwijk, van R.B.M.

    2008-01-01

    Leisure practices and public space, third chapter. Ramona van Marwijk is part of a bigger research projecton time-space behavioural patterns in a landscape where nature development and recreational values are combined. She is interested in what walkers in the Dutch National Park Dwingelderveld think

  13. Publish or patent: bibliometric evidence for empirical trade-offs in national funding strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.D. Shelton; L. Leydesdorff

    2012-01-01

    Multivariate linear regression models suggest a trade-off in allocations of national research and development (R&D). Government funding and spending in the higher education sector encourage publications as a long-term research benefit. Conversely, other components such as industrial funding and spen

  14. The National Higher Education and Workforce Initiative: Strategy in Action: Building the Cybersecurity Workforce in Maryland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Business-Higher Education Forum, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The Business-Higher Education Forum (BHEF) has achieved particular success in operationalizing the National Higher Education and Workforce Initiative (HEWI) in Maryland around cybersecurity. Leveraging its membership of corporate CEOs, university presidents, and government agency leaders, BHEF partnered with the University System of Maryland to…

  15. 76 FR 29195 - National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC) Governance Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... (NSTIC) Governance Workshop AGENCY: National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST), Commerce. ACTION... Cyberspace (NSTIC) Governance Workshop to be held on Thursday, June 9, 2011, 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. and Friday, June 10, 2011, 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. This workshop will identify and discuss various governance models...

  16. Definition of Poverty and Reflections on China’s Anti-poverty Work%贫困的定义与我国反贫困问题思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘一

    2016-01-01

    It would not meet the needs of China’s anti‐poverty work if “poverty”continued to be defined only by the wording of “low income” and “being unable to meet the basic needs for survival” .Besides the shortage of necessities for survival ,the definition should include the lack of rights ,knowledge and so on .China’s anti‐poverty work at present should adopt relative standards rather than use some fixed values .For example ,those who have only 30 percent to 50 percent of average income should be included in the group of “the impoverished” ,or the impoverished just takes 5% to 10% of the population .Anti‐poverty is a national and social issue ,because it involves providing care and aid for many impoverished people . Beyond that , anti‐poverty , in real sense , includes eliminating the economic ,social and political roots of poverty and assisting the impoverished to step onto the ladder of progress .%用低收入和不能满足基本生存需要这样的词汇来定义贫困已经不能满足当前我国反贫困工作的需要。一个人的贫困,除了生存需求的保障,还应包括权利、文化等各方面的不发达状态。我国现阶段的反贫困工作,应采用相对标准,如居民平均收入的30%~50%或5%~10%最低收入人口比例而非某个人为的绝对值。反贫困工作在国家来说应是一个社会问题,即对贫困者的关切和救助。真正的反贫困行动,除了给予贫困者生存和生活保障,还应积极铲除人们陷入贫困的经济、社会和政治根源,帮助他们踏上发展的阶梯。

  17. National Strategies for Staff and Faculty Development in Engineering Education in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinther, Ole; Kolmos, Anette

    2002-01-01

    Increasing emphasis is being placed on establishing teaching and learninge centres at the institutional level with the stated objective of improving the quality of teaching and education. The article describes Denmark´s IPN, which consists of five engineering colleges and three universities......, including Aalborg University, Aalborg, and the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen. The authors reflects on the advantage and diaadvantages of this strategy....

  18. Colombia’s National Security Strategy, A New "COIN" Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-07

    power in Latin America .27 These revolutionary achievements validated the applicability of this model in Colombia. As a result, the FARC gave high...relationships for the long term. A New View of Civil-Military Relations and Military Strategy For years Latin America suffered the terrible consequences of...Eduardo Pizarro, Una Democracia Asediada, Balance y Perspectivas del Conflicto Armado en Colombia (Bogotá: Grupo Editorial Norma, Marzo 2004), 94. 24

  19. National Strategies for Staff and Faculty Development in Engineering Education in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinther, Ole; Kolmos, Anette

    2002-01-01

    Increasing emphasis is being placed on establishing teaching and learninge centres at the institutional level with the stated objective of improving the quality of teaching and education. The article describes Denmark´s IPN, which consists of five engineering colleges and three universities......, including Aalborg University, Aalborg, and the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen. The authors reflects on the advantage and diaadvantages of this strategy....

  20. A Relook at the National Drug Control Strategy: Supply versus Demand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    good first step towards improving any strategy is to analyze it using the conceptual approach described by Arthur F. Lykke, a distinguished military...Study: Costs of Treatment," available from <http://www.health.org/nties97/index.htm>; Internet; accessed 6 January 1998. 46 Arthur F. Lykke, Jr...Internet. Accessed 6 January 1998. Kleinman , Mark. Against Excess: Drug Policy for Results. New York, NY: BasicBooks 1992. Krauss, Melvin B. and

  1. Implementing China`s Agenda 21: From National Strategy to Local Actions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gan, Lin

    1998-12-01

    This report analyses the process of adaptation of the Chinese governmental policy in response to sustainable development. It reviews the historical roots from which response to sustainable development arises. By examining the policy-making and implementation processes of China`s Agenda 21, the author studies (1) the dynamic forces that contribute to the establishment of the national and regional Agenda 21 and the relationships between different institutional preferences, arrangements and their obstacles, (2) the driving forces that pro-active responses to implement Agenda 21 projects, and the role of local governments in the process, (3) the relationship between international environmental aid and national capacity building for the environment, (4) the obstacles and conflicting interests that limit the implementation of Agenda 21 and sustainable development in China. 22 refs., 2 tabs.

  2. Escaping America’s Future: A Clarion Call for a National Energy Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    departments are implementing various efforts to overcome this oil addiction , but are not coordinating these efforts so as to avoid unintended consequences... addiction , but are not coordinating these efforts so as to avoid unintended consequences. This essay proposes the development of a National Energy Security...10 In 2007, for instance, Brazil discovered the Carioca- Sugar Loaf Oil field off of the coast of Rio de Janeiro and it is believed to hold up to

  3. Russian Stance in the Caucasus and the National Security Strategy of Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    METHODOLOGY Dorff5 suggests conducting strategic analyses on three major levels: System/international level, nation-state level, and individual level. He...2000: Eric Baudelaire, Dov Lynch, “Abkhazia Journal,” Documentaire (2000), http://www.documentaire.com/caucasus/Abkhazia.html (accessed: 01.29.2005...Lynch, D. 2000; Abkhazia, in: Documentaire . Retrieved from: http://www.documentaire.com/caucasus/Abkhazia.html; last accessed: 12.05.2005 Byman, D

  4. U.S. National Arctic Strategy: Preparing Defensive Lines of Effort for the Arctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    development in the Arctic and, due to limited abilities and financial resources to exploit the resources, international cooperation. Russia’s Arctic...the political agendas of Indonesia, Malaysia , and Singapore, but also to other nations protecting their own sea lines of communication. As such...presence, oversight, regulatory enforcement, and contingency response.55 Strategically, the Commandant of the Coast Guard recognizes the importance of

  5. Strategy for Upgrading Preparedness in Small and Rural Communities to Meet National Preparedness Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    Advisors: Lauren Fernandez Sam Clovis THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting...Thesis Co-Advisor Sam Clovis Thesis Co-Advisor Harold A. Trinkunas, PhD Chairman, Department of National Security Affairs iv THIS...Russ Jack; my advisors, Lauren Fernandez and Sam Clovis , for their patience and guidance in this thesis work; and my classmates for their never-ending

  6. Is History Relevant? Ideas for National Security Strategy in the 1990’s

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-11-05

    Lat.n.-i e Johr~st. or~ hlatior~al Wa~ ~ College Noverr ~be~- 5s 19963 NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY SPECIAL COLLECTIONS Report...i i c y a r e a s ~:.’~, as r, atic:r,a.! sec.urity. £’-.-esider, t Carte .~- tried to ’.~’-cus atter, tior~ ,-,r, r, or, t’~’aditior, al ’ti~-eats

  7. The National Military Strategy of the United States of America: Redefining America’s Military Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    Vinson (CVN 70) leads the Royal Malaysian Navy frigate KD Lekir (FF 26) and corvette KD Kelantan (FFL 175) and the Ticonderoga-class guided-missile...with safeguarding our economic and security interests worldwide. We must thoughtfully address cultural and sovereignty concerns in host countries...linguistic and cultural skills of all Americans. We will develop leaders who are capable of operating in interagency and multi- national environments

  8. A strategy for young members within national radiation oncology societies: the Italian experience (AIRO Giovani group).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filippi, Andrea Riccardo; Alongi, Filippo; Ciammella, Patrizia; De Bari, Berardino; Franco, Pierfrancesco; Livi, Lorenzo

    2012-09-01

    To briefly review history, structure, past events and future projects of AIRO (Associazione Italiana Radioterapia Oncologica) young group (AIRO Giovani), focusing on its specific commitment to multidisciplnary networking among junior clinical oncologists at a national and international level. AIRO Giovani is a part of AIRO composed by members under 40 years old. Its main activities are scientific and educational meetings dedicated to young Italian radiation oncologists and collaborative research projects. AIRO Giovani structure, events organized and supported by AIRO giovani as well as scientific activities are here reported from its creation in 2007 up to current days. AIRO Giovani group was able to create a consolidated network between Italian junior radiation oncologists, while opening the possibility to collaborate with junior groups of other national scientific societies in the field of oncology and with ESTRO young members. Scientific projects carried out by the group have been successful and will be further implemented in next years. AIRO Giovani is still in its infancy, but its early positive experience supports the creation and development of young groups within national radiation oncology societies.

  9. A strategy for young members within national radiation oncology societies: the Italian experience (AIRO Giovani group)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filippi, Andrea Riccardo; Alongi, Filippo; Ciammella, Patrizia; De Bari, Berardino; Franco, Pierfrancesco; Livi, Lorenzo

    2012-01-01

    Aim To briefly review history, structure, past events and future projects of AIRO (Associazione Italiana Radioterapia Oncologica) young group (AIRO Giovani), focusing on its specific commitment to multidisciplnary networking among junior clinical oncologists at a national and international level. Background AIRO Giovani is a part of AIRO composed by members under 40 years old. Its main activities are scientific and educational meetings dedicated to young Italian radiation oncologists and collaborative research projects. Materials and Methods AIRO Giovani structure, events organized and supported by AIRO giovani as well as scientific activities are here reported from its creation in 2007 up to current days. Results AIRO Giovani group was able to create a consolidated network between Italian junior radiation oncologists, while opening the possibility to collaborate with junior groups of other national scientific societies in the field of oncology and with ESTRO young members. Scientific projects carried out by the group have been successful and will be further implemented in next years. Conclusions AIRO Giovani is still in its infancy, but its early positive experience supports the creation and development of young groups within national radiation oncology societies. PMID:24669305

  10. The publication strategies of Jöns Jacob Berzelius (1779-1848): negotiating national and linguistic boundaries in chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckman, Jenny

    2016-04-01

    This article follows the publication strategies of the Swedish chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius (1779-1848). It focuses on the role of language and translation in Berzelius' efforts to strengthen his own reputation, and that of Swedish science. As an author and editor, Berzelius encouraged the translation of his own works into several languages, while endeavouring to preserve the status of Swedish as a language of scientific publication in the face of French, and increasingly German and English, dominance. Reforming the Transactions of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and launching several new scientific periodicals, Berzelius also attempted to influence the publication practices in other countries. Recent scholarship on the history of scientific publication has drawn attention to the practical difficulties of determining and getting hold of the relevant publications in one's field, the 'malleability' of the journal medium, and the common practice of reprinting and summarising papers published elsewhere. Berzelius' publication strategies highlight translation - time-consuming, unreliable and problematic in terms of authorisation and ownership - as one aspect of the wider problem of communicating across national and linguistic boundaries. Berzelius' struggles with the practicalities of communicating across borders in times of war, the choice of language and its consequences, and national standards of publication, demonstrate the importance of a transnational perspective on the history of scientific publication.

  11. The enigmatic nodding syndrome outbreak in northern Uganda: an analysis of the disease burden and national response strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deogratius, Mwaka Amos; David, Kitara Lagoro; Christopher, Orach Garimoi

    2016-04-01

    To date, the cause of nodding syndrome (NS) remains unknown; however, efforts continue to establish risk factors and optimal symptomatic treatments. We documented the burden and national response strategies including involvement of key stakeholders in the management of the NS epidemic in order to inform future interventions against epidemics of undetermined aetiology. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with selected leaders in the affected districts and at the Ministry of Health, and through review of documents. We participated in and analysed the proceedings of the first international scientific conference on NS held in Kampala in August 2012. We then analysed the chronology of the NS notification and the steps undertaken in the response plan. Over 3000 children have been affected by NS in northern Uganda; with an estimated case fatality of 6.7%. The first cases of NS were reported in 1997 in internally displaced people's camps in Kitgum district; however, response efforts by the Ministry of Health and partners towards understanding the disorder and establish management only commenced in 2009. Key strategies in response to the NS epidemic have included formation of a national and district task forces, development of training manual on NS and training of primary healthcare professionals on case diagnosis and clinical management, establishment of treatment and rehabilitation centres, surveillance and promotion of researches to further inform management of the syndrome.

  12. Nation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2014-01-01

    Nation er et gammelt begreb, som kommer af det latinske ord for fødsel, natio. Nationalisme bygger på forestillingen om, at mennesker har én og kun én national identitet og har ret til deres egen nationalstat. Ordet og forestillingen er kun godt 200 år gammel, og i 1900-tallet har ideologien bredt...... sig over hele verden. Nationalisme er blevet global....

  13. Culturally diverse health care students' experiences with teaching strategies in Finland: a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitkajarvi, Marianne; Eriksson, Elina; Pitkala, Kaisu

    2013-06-01

    All over the world, current health care students come from a variety of cultural, linguistic and educational backgrounds. Their expectations and learning needs vary, yet little is known about how our current education system meets their needs. The purpose of this study was to explore culturally diverse health care students' experiences of teaching strategies in polytechnic faculties of health care in Finland. Specifically, we aimed to compare how international students and Finnish students experience the same curriculum. A cross sectional survey. Ten polytechnic faculties of health care in Finland offering English-Language-Taught Degree Programmess (ELTDPs). 283 students studying nursing, public health nursing, or physiotherapy in English. Of these, 166 were international students and 112 were Finnish students. The data were collected using a questionnaire designed specifically for this study. The survey included items grouped into seven dimensions: 1. concreteness of theoretical instruction, 2. encouragement of student activity, 3. use of skills labs, 4. variation among teaching strategies, 5. assessment, 6. interaction in the English-Language-Taught Degree Programmes, and 7. approach to diversity in the English-Language-Taught Degree Programmes. The most positive experiences for all students were with the approach to cultural diversity and the concreteness of theoretical instruction, whereas the most negative experiences were with assessment. International students' experiences were more positive than Finnish students' in the following dimensions: encouragement of student activity (p=0.005), variation among teaching strategies (p<0.001), and assessment (p<0.001). Compared to the Finnish students, more than double the number of international students were dissatisfied with their lives (p<0.001). The implications for education include the strengthening teachers' leadership role in small group activities, providing individual and detailed feedback, and ensuring

  14. The Blueprint for Change: A National Strategy to Enhance Access to Earth and Space Science Education Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geary, E. E.; Barstow, D.

    2001-12-01

    Enhancing access to high quality science education resources for teachers, students, and the general public is a high priority for the earth and space science education communities. However, to significantly increase access to these resources and promote their effective use will require a coordinated effort between content developers, publishers, professional developers, policy makers, and users in both formal and informal education settings. Federal agencies, academic institutions, professional societies, informal science centers, the Digital Library for Earth System Education, and other National SMETE Digital Library Projects are anticipated to play key roles in this effort. As a first step to developing a coordinated, national strategy for developing and delivering high quality earth and space science education resources to students, teachers, and the general public, 65 science educators, scientists, teachers, administrators, policy makers, and business leaders met this June in Snowmass, Colorado to create "Earth and Space Science Education 2010: A Blueprint for Change". The Blueprint is a strategy document that will be used to guide Earth and space science education reform efforts in grades K-12 during the next decade. The Blueprint contains specific goals, recommendations, and strategies for coordinating action in the areas of: Teacher Preparation and Professional Development, Curriculum and Materials, Equity and Diversity, Assessment and Evaluation, Public Policy and Systemic Reform, Public and Informal Education, Partnerships and Collaborations, and Technology. If you develop, disseminate, or use exemplary earth and space science education resources, we invite you to review the Blueprint for Change, share it with your colleagues and local science educators, and join as we work to revolutionize earth and space science education in grades K-12.

  15. Improving maternal health in Kenya: Challenges and strategies for low resource nations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagia, Jean

    2013-05-01

    In order to improve maternal health in low-resource countries, a multifaceted, culturally and religiously sensitive approach is needed. This approach includes working for political stability, increasing women's level of education, economic empowerment, strengthening existing health management systems, and wisely allocating human and material resources. Critically important material resources such as access to and production of food and clean water must be a top priority. In Kenya, our constitution respects life from conception as an individual's right. This means that there is need to set up strategies that improve maternal health and by extension improve the health of the unborn baby.

  16. Acquisition Strategy for the Idaho National Laboratory Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposition Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Duncan

    2011-05-01

    This document describes the design-build acquisition strategy that will be applied to the Remote Handled LLW Disposal Project. The design-build delivery method will be tailored, as appropriate, to integrate the requirements of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 413.3B, 'Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets,' with the DOE budget formulation process and the safety requirements of DOE-STD-1189, 'Integration of Safety into the Design Process.'

  17. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention as a national Danish reperfusion strategy of ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jacob Thorsted; Steengaard, Carsten; Holmvang, Lene

    2013-01-01

    The use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as the preferred reperfusion strategy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) requires optimal systems-of-care and logistics in order to enable rapid treatment of all patients. In Denmark, this has been achieved through prehospital...... electrocardiogram diagnosis, field triage and dedicated PCI centres 24/7. Today, primary PCI is an option for all Danish patients with STEMI, regardless of the distance to a PCI centre. This has led to a decline in both mortality and morbidity....

  18. EXPORT PROMOTION POLICY, PREREQUISITE OF AN EFFICIENT NATIONAL FOREIGN TRADE STRATEGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OCTAVIAN-LIVIU OLARU

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The importance of international trade is widely recognized not only by the business sector, but also by governments. Governments all over the world have reviewed and streamlined their foreign trade strategies during the last decades. Nearly all countries have adopted special export promotion and development programmes. These programmes have focused on providing more efficient trade support services in areas such as trade information, financing, logistics, customs procedures and communications. Trade Promotion Organizations (TPOs have a broad mandate to provide or coordinate trade support services in the above mentioned area.

  19. Developing primary PCI as a national reperfusion strategy for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: the UK experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLenachan, James M; Gray, Huon H; de Belder, Mark A; Ludman, Peter F; Cunningham, David; Birkhead, John

    2012-08-01

    In 2004 in the United Kingdom (UK), the infrastructural and organisational changes required for implementation of primary PCI for treatment of STEMI were unclear, and the cost-effectiveness and sustainability of a changed reperfusion strategy had not been tested. In addition, any proposed change was to be made against the background of a previously successful in-hospital thrombolysis strategy, with plans for greater use of pre-hospital administration. A prospective study (the "National Infarct Angioplasty Project - NIAP") was set up to collect information on all patients presenting with STEMI in selected regions in the UK over a one year period (April 2005 - March 2006). The key findings from the NIAP project included that PPCI could be delivered within acceptable treatment times in a variety of geographical settings and that the shortest treatment times were achieved with direct admission to a PPCI-capable cardiac catheter laboratory. The transformation from a dominant lytic strategy to one of PPCI across the UK was achieved both swiftly and consistently with the help of 28 cardiac networks. By the second quarter of 2011, 94% of those STEMI patients in England who received reperfusion treatment were being treated by PPCI compared with 46% during the third quarter of 2008.

  20. Search Strategy and Using Databases in al-Najah National University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hany Jabr

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe aim of this study to identify several databases from several providers that an-Najah National University Library subscribed with for one year. To achieve the goals of the study a sample several databases types was chosen. This study, shown that the search technique in each database including the Boolean Search and the Truncation technique way deifier from database to another, several different symbols had been used. The researcher has come up with a number of recommendations, of these the research recommends the importance of holding a practical training workshop for clients to learn a bout the hows of databases utilization & the search technique in each database.

  1. Current status and human resources development strategy of the Vietnam National Coal Corporation (VINACOAL)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doc, V.V. [VINACOAL (Vietnam). Technology, Technique and Environment Dept.

    2002-09-01

    In 1994, the Government of Vietnam decided to establish the Vietnam National Coal Corporation (VINACOAL) to control in a comprehensive manner to the coal industry. With 19 coal producing companies, in 2001 VINACOAL produced 14.6 million tons of coal, in which 13.1 million tons were sold. According to the 2002 plan, 17 million tons of coal will be produced of which 14.5-15 million tons will be sold. This paper briefly outlines VINACOAL's development plan for coal production until 2010 and forecasts the future toward 2020. 2 tabs.

  2. Impact of the national biotechnology strategy on the South African biopharma industry

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Msomi, N

    2008-11-17

    Full Text Available Biggest client for this class is government No South African innovators in the top tier A worthy mention is NBI in the fast growing market segment Some Key Facts Total sales were over R15,5 billion in 2007 Aspen and Adcock Ingram were ranked... for PlantBio – Establish a national bioinformatics capacity to serve the biotechnology innovation needs (NBN) – Build research-industry linkages • Emphasis was near market support: – Assumption was that there would be enough projects in the near market...

  3. REVISED NATIONAL PLAN - STRATEGY FOR HARMONISATION OF SERBIAN QUALITY INFRASTRUCTURE WITH EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borislava Jakšić

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Every country candidate for European Union has to fulfill a number of criteria for the membership including political (democracy, human rights and economic (functioning of market economy as well as to adopt "Acquis communautaire" (the entire European legislation of about 11.000 acts. Preparation for membership to European Union is a process that requires very careful planning and organization. Serbia has to take all necessary steps in order to remove technical barriers to trade and gradually to achieve conformity with Community technical regulations and standards within the National Quality Plan.

  4. Organisational space for partnership and sustainability: lessons from the implementation of the National Dementia Strategy for England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Charlotte Laura; Keyes, Sarah Elizabeth; Wilkinson, Heather; Alexjuk, Joanna; Wilcockson, Jane; Robinson, Louise; Corner, Lynne; Cattan, Mima

    2014-11-01

    National policy initiatives are faced with challenges in their partnership development and sustainability. The National Dementia Strategy for England recommended Dementia Adviser (DA) and Peer Support Network (PSN) services and 40 demonstration sites were established. In this paper, we report on the national evaluation of these demonstration sites, with specific reference to aspects of organisational development. The research used a mixed-methods design with three main strands: (i) activity and outcome monitoring; (ii) organisational surveys and collaborative discussion; (iii) in-depth case studies in eight of the 40 sites. This paper focuses primarily on three rounds of organisational surveys distributed to all 40 demonstration sites over a period of 21 months and interviews in the case studies. Data identify the significance of infrastructure within immediate services as well as the position of services within the external infrastructure of the wider health and social care landscape. Partnership - both internally and externally - was key to establishing and sustaining services that flourished. When working well, DAs and PSNs acted as a link between services and people with dementia at the same time as filling gaps in existing support, providing information, advice and interpersonal support that was tailored to individual needs and circumstances. In conclusion, to achieve the full potential and sustainability of services requires them to be in an organisational space that allows them to work in partnership and collaboration with other services, and that values their distinct knowledge of their communities.

  5. [Breast feeding in Puerto Rico: traditional patterns, national trends and future strategies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrilla Rodríguez, A M; Gorrín Peralta, J J

    1999-09-01

    The Puerto Rican society has gone through profound transformations during the past 50 years. Industrialization and the incorporation of women into the labor force have been accompanied by medicalization of the reproductive process and a progressive reduction in the prevalence of breastfeeding as the cultural norm for nutrition of infants. The data base for 1990 places Puerto Rico significantly below Latin America and the United States in the percentage of breastfed infants. The authors report their experience in the promotion of breastfeeding during the last 5 years. The principal negative factors which hinder the beginning and maintenance of successful breastfeeding are of a social nature. The orientation of physicians towards technology underrates the benefits of breastfeeding. The marketing strategies of the corporations which manufacture artificial milk continuously violate the International Code for Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes and disfigure the community's perception on the benefits of breastfeeding. The lack of social and legal support for the breastfeeding working mother frequently prevents her from carrying out successful breastfeeding for the recommended period of time. Strategies are presented for the overturn of the existent barriers which have reduced breastfeeding in Puerto Rico to the present precarious levels.

  6. An evaluation of the National Curriculum Redesign Project: Eighth grade science curriculum pedagogical strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalwell-Brewley, Lavon P.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the eighth grade science National Curriculum Redesign Project. The site for this study was an urban secondary school in the British Virgin Islands. The school's population consisted of 1600 students and 120 teachers, where approximately 70% of the students were from low socioeconomic families (Secondary High School Statistical Records, 2006). The school's population was tri-cultural and consisted of approximately more Black West Indian, than Hispanic and Caucasian students and teachers. The school employed a student centered and pedagogical approach. The classroom's structure comprised of heterogeneously grouped inclusion classes with class sizes ranging between 27--40 students. The results of several studies revealed that the school's graduates did not have vital skills to work and effectively function in the work place (Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, 2000). These findings challenged the curriculum attributes and the school's pedagogical practices as it relates to providing powerful discourse in good instruction and improved academic achievement skills. Thus, the National Curriculum Redesign Project was developed to ensure teaching-learning components work together to foster significant learning practices. The review of the literature informed and substantiated the research and the related research questions. The population sample consisted of three secondary school science teachers and 26 students. Questionnaires and interview data collecting tools were employed. The data was analyzed to identify patterns and themes in responses. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies and percentage were used to support qualitative information and recommendations were made.

  7. A stakeholders' analysis of potential sustainable tourism development strategies in Piatra Craiului National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina Nicoleta Candrea

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a major management issue for many protected areas as thepresence and actions of visitors can present serious problems for biodiversity conservation.Therefore, tourism has to be managed carefully and site managers must assess and balance the costs and benefits of tourism in protected areas. It is also important to find ways for local people and communities to benefit from tourism linked to conservation.Using a stakeholder analysis, the article assesses benefits and threats oftourism development in Piatra Craiului National Park. Through a range of interviews with local stakeholders, the article identifies the main challenges that tourism brings to the protected area: ensuring the effective participation of communities in tourism development, effectively managing tourism to prevent it from undermining conservation goals, encouraging all stakeholders, particularly the private sector, to support the conservation of biodiversity and channelling a portion of tourism revenues towards supporting conservation. The ecotourism, as a responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves welfare of local people, is consideredthe best solution for a sustainable tourism development in Piatra CraiuluiNational Park.

  8. Reaching Adolescent Gay, Bisexual, and Queer Men Online: Development and Refinement of a National Recruitment Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prescott, Tonya L; Phillips II, Gregory; DuBois, L. Zachary; Bull, Sheana S; Mustanski, Brian

    2016-01-01

    Background Using social networking websites to recruit research participants is increasingly documented in the literature, although few studies have leveraged these sites to reach those younger than 18 years. Objective To discuss the development and refinement of a recruitment protocol to reach and engage adolescent gay, bisexual, and other teenaged men who have sex with men (AGBM). Participants were recruited for development and evaluation activities related to Guy2Guy, a text messaging–based human immunodeficiency virus infection prevention program. Methods Eligibility criteria included being between 14 to 18 years old; being a cisgender male; self-identifying as gay, bisexual, and/or queer; being literate in English, exclusively owning a cell phone, enrolled in an unlimited text messaging plan, intending to keep their current phone number over the next 6 months, and having used text messaging for at least the past 6 months. Recruitment experiences and subsequent steps to refine the Internet-based recruitment strategy are discussed for 4 research activities: online focus groups, content advisory team, beta test, and randomized controlled trial (RCT). Recruitment relied primarily on Facebook advertising. To a lesser extent, Google AdWords and promotion through partner organizations working with AGBM youth were also utilized. Results Facebook advertising strategies were regularly adjusted based on preidentified recruitment targets for race, ethnicity, urban-rural residence, and sexual experience. The result was a diverse sample of participants, of whom 30% belonged to a racial minority and 20% were Hispanic. Facebook advertising was the most cost-effective method, and it was also able to reach diverse recruitment goals: recruitment for the first focus group cost an average of US $2.50 per enrolled participant, and it took 9 days to enroll 40 participants; the second focus group cost an average of US $6.96 per enrolled participant, and it took 11 days to enroll 40

  9. Reaching Adolescent Gay, Bisexual, and Queer Men Online: Development and Refinement of a National Recruitment Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prescott, Tonya L; Phillips Ii, Gregory; DuBois, L Zachary; Bull, Sheana S; Mustanski, Brian; Ybarra, Michele L

    2016-08-04

    Using social networking websites to recruit research participants is increasingly documented in the literature, although few studies have leveraged these sites to reach those younger than 18 years. To discuss the development and refinement of a recruitment protocol to reach and engage adolescent gay, bisexual, and other teenaged men who have sex with men (AGBM). Participants were recruited for development and evaluation activities related to Guy2Guy, a text messaging-based human immunodeficiency virus infection prevention program. Eligibility criteria included being between 14 to 18 years old; being a cisgender male; self-identifying as gay, bisexual, and/or queer; being literate in English, exclusively owning a cell phone, enrolled in an unlimited text messaging plan, intending to keep their current phone number over the next 6 months, and having used text messaging for at least the past 6 months. Recruitment experiences and subsequent steps to refine the Internet-based recruitment strategy are discussed for 4 research activities: online focus groups, content advisory team, beta test, and randomized controlled trial (RCT). Recruitment relied primarily on Facebook advertising. To a lesser extent, Google AdWords and promotion through partner organizations working with AGBM youth were also utilized. Facebook advertising strategies were regularly adjusted based on preidentified recruitment targets for race, ethnicity, urban-rural residence, and sexual experience. The result was a diverse sample of participants, of whom 30% belonged to a racial minority and 20% were Hispanic. Facebook advertising was the most cost-effective method, and it was also able to reach diverse recruitment goals: recruitment for the first focus group cost an average of US $2.50 per enrolled participant, and it took 9 days to enroll 40 participants; the second focus group cost an average of US $6.96 per enrolled participant, and it took 11 days to enroll 40 participants. Recruitment for the

  10. National Policies and Strategies for the Support of the Gifted and Talented in Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Resch

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The approach to the support of gifted and talented children and youth has changed considerably in the past twenty years. While, until the 2000s, provision programmes predominantly focused on extracurricular activities for pupils, gifted education now follows a systemic and inclusive approach, including all (educational institutions – kindergarten, school, college and university – as well as the family, the economy, the working world and the community. Furthermore, there have been considerable efforts to provide for gifted children within the regular classroom by way of differentiation and individualised learning. This new approach to talent support was first outlined in 2011 in the “White Paper Promoting Talent and Excellence”, which the Austrian Research and Support Centre for the Gifted and Talented published in cooperation with the interministerial Giftedness Research and Gifted Education Task Force. The present article outlines the reasons that led to this new strategy, explains its main features and attempts an analysis of its strengths and weaknesses.

  11. Energy demand modelling in transport for Ukrainian national energy strategy creation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kravchuk, V.A.; Dounaev, V. [Victoria Software developers Group (Ukraine); Perchuk, V. [Inst. of Energy Saving Problems (Ukraine)

    1996-12-01

    Among the main functions of the Ukrainian Government there are creation and implementation of economy and social development strategy for Ukraine, coordination of all economy sectors` activity, including the most important long-term solutions by means of which the Government aspires to satisfy the public interests. These tasks are complicated by the current state of economy, that is characterized by the ineffective structure serviced the former Soviet Union as a whole and by the intensive decline because of separation from the USSR, breaking of old economic ties, and attempts to proceed to market relations at all levels. Fuel and energy sectors are the most important components of the Ukrainian economy and key factors of industry`s and population`s vital activity providing. (EG)

  12. From the Office of the National Coordinator: the strategy for advancing the exchange of health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Claudia; Mostashari, Farzad; Mertz, Kory; Hogin, Emily; Atwal, Parmeeth

    2012-03-01

    Electronic health information exchange addresses a critical need in the US health care system to have information follow patients to support patient care. Today little information is shared electronically, leaving doctors without the information they need to provide the best care. With payment reforms providing a strong business driver, the demand for health information exchange is poised to grow. The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, Department of Health and Human Services, has led the process of establishing the essential building blocks that will support health information exchange. Over the coming year, this office will develop additional policies and standards that will make information exchange easier and cheaper and facilitate its use on a broader scale.

  13. SWOT Analysis of Alternative Development Strategies for Dealing in Defense of the Nation in Papua Disintegration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vita Bayu Indah Yanti

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available As one of Indonesia’s provinces located in the most eastern part of the country, Papua’s tumultuous history has resulted in the granting of a special autonomy under Law Number 21 Year 2001 on Special Autonomy for Papua Province. The special autonomy u is a social contract between the Republic of Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia to Papua since the 1960s. Conflict in Papua has existed at the time of Papua became part of the Republic of Indonesia in 1963. The conflict in Papua is an intrastate conflict and need to be resolved so that no large material losses and social cohesion. Good understanding of national security in particular to address the threat, in this case is also related to economic security is imperative.

  14. IMPACT OF ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAMME ON DEVELOPMENT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-01-08

    Jan 8, 2013 ... ... enhance their development. Keywords: Impact, Poverty, Development, Rural Areas, NAPEP, Labour force ... poor people or communities (Ogwumike, 1995). ... of basic skill and education necessary for gainful employment.

  15. Women in China’s Anti-Poverty campaigns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    WomeninChina'sAnti-Povertycampaigns¥(ThoughthepauperiztionofwomenisnotasseriousaprubleminChinaasinotherpartsoftheworld,itisst...

  16. Communication strategy of the National Museum of Natural History ”Grigore Antipa”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruxandra Irina POPESCU

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to the amplitude of the communication techniques in the public area in Western Countries and the spectacular development of publicity and public relations in this field, we find it interesting to analyze how and if this measure can be applied by Romanian public institutions and to Romanian public products. Thus, we discovered the sustained effort of the National Museum of Natural History “Grigore Antipa” (cultural nonprofit institution which delivers goods as public cultural products towards the entire nation’s population to promote itself and to communicate its activities to the public by using various techniques, both publicity and public relations, elaborating and creating exhibitions, conferences, festivals with interactive activities for the public, to involve him and transform him from a passive visitor of the museum into a participant at the cultural act. In 2003, the National Museum of Natural History “Grigore Antipa” from Bucharest began the implementation of an intense program of integrated marketing communication. The notion involves a strategic communication plan which uses more channels, addresses to various types of public and regards results achievement (cognitive, affective and behavior like – plan borrowed from the commercial area and applied in order to replace itself in the public’s mind, to achieve a larger exposure and to convince the public that, besides the scientific and educational role it plays, Antipa Museum offers also a relaxing way of spending free time. In this matter, I have analyzed the strategic and integrated communication plans of the museum, following each step, starting from research and to the result evaluation.

  17. Mapping the future of environmental health and nursing: strategies for integrating national competencies into nursing practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, Laura S; Butterfield, Patricia

    2002-01-01

    :Nurses are increasingly the primary contact for clients concerned about health problems related to their environment. In response to the need for nursing expertise in the field of environmental health, the Institute of Medicine (IOM), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), and National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) have designed core competencies for the nursing profession. The IOM competencies focus on four areas: (1) knowledge and concepts; (2) assessment and referral; advocacy, ethics, and risk communication; and (4) legislation and regulation. The competencies establish a baseline of knowledge and awareness in order for nurses to prevent and minimize health problems associated with exposure to environmental agents. To address the known difficulties of incorporating new priorities into established practice, nurses attending an environmental health short course participated in a nominal group process focusing on the question, "What specific actions can we take to bring environmental health into the mainstream of nursing practice?" This exercise was designed to bring the concepts of the national initiatives (IOM, NINR, ATSDR) to the awareness of individual nurses involved in the direct delivery of care. Results include 38 action items nurses identified as improving awareness and utilization of environmental health principles. The top five ideas were: (1) get environmental health listed as a requirement or competency in undergraduate nursing education; (2) improve working relationships with interdepartmental persons-a team approach; (3) strategically place students in essential organizations such as NIOSH, ATSDR, or CDC; (4) educate nurse educators; and (5) create environmental health awards in nursing. The 38 original ideas were also reorganized into a five-tiered conceptual model. The concepts of this model include: (1) developing partnerships; (2) strengthening publications; (3) enhancing continuing education; (4) updating nursing

  18. Strategies for linking research groups and the productive sector in the case of the national university of Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Eugenia Morales Rubiano

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show strategies used by some research groups at the National University of Colombia (UN, to generate processes of relationship with the environment and some internal and external aspects that affect such processes. For this purpose, semi-structured interviews were conducted with directors from the research groups and support units of four faculties at the UN. It was found that most links between the university and the environment are the result of the interpersonal relations of the leaders or members of the groups, which are later used to formalize the relationship through agreements or contracts. Likewise, it becomes clear that the capabilities developed by the university are a key factor when interacting with and facing environmental conditions.

  19. National Institutes of Health Career Development Awards for Cardiovascular Physician-Scientists: Recent Trends and Strategies for Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindman, Brian R; Tong, Carl W; Carlson, Drew E; Balke, C William; Jackson, Elizabeth A; Madhur, Meena S; Barac, Ana; Abdalla, Marwah; Brittain, Evan L; Desai, Nihar; Kates, Andrew M; Freeman, Andrew M; Mann, Douglas L

    2015-10-20

    Nurturing the development of cardiovascular physician-scientist investigators is critical for sustained progress in cardiovascular science and improving human health. The transition from an inexperienced trainee to an independent physician-scientist is a multifaceted process requiring a sustained commitment from the trainee, mentors, and institution. A cornerstone of this training process is a career development (K) award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). These awards generally require 75% of the awardee's professional effort devoted to research aims and diverse career development activities carried out in a mentored environment over a 5-year period. We report on recent success rates for obtaining NIH K awards, provide strategies for preparing a successful application and navigating the early career period for aspiring cardiovascular investigators, and offer cardiovascular division leadership perspectives regarding K awards in the current era. Our objective is to offer practical advice that will equip trainees considering an investigator path for success.

  20. Establishment of a strategy of circular economy increasing the well-being of society: comparison of two national policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalioujny Boris

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers a new paradigm of sustainable development, establishing new ways of societal progress and success based on the concepts other than only economic growth and material wealth. Sustainable development suggests that the wellbeing of the society depends, among other, on clean and healthy environment, and on the mutual interaction of human beings realized in new models of economics and behaviour. This article describes a new model of economics based on the interaction of environmental protection and economic efficiency, the model of circular economy (CE. The paper compares two different macro-economical approaches integrating the CE model into national economy strategies. The existing CE instruments and mechanisms are explored demonstrating the results of such policy application at meso- and micro- levels.

  1. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Cetacean and Sound Mapping Effort: Continuing Forward with an Integrated Ocean Noise Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Jolie; Ferguson, Megan; Gedamke, Jason; Hatch, Leila; Southall, Brandon; Van Parijs, Sofie

    2016-01-01

    To help manage chronic and cumulative impacts of human activities on marine mammals, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) convened two working groups, the Underwater Sound Field Mapping Working Group (SoundMap) and the Cetacean Density and Distribution Mapping Working Group (CetMap), with overarching effort of both groups referred to as CetSound, which (1) mapped the predicted contribution of human sound sources to ocean noise and (2) provided region/time/species-specific cetacean density and distribution maps. Mapping products were presented at a symposium where future priorities were identified, including institutionalization/integration of the CetSound effort within NOAA-wide goals and programs, creation of forums and mechanisms for external input and funding, and expanded outreach/education. NOAA is subsequently developing an ocean noise strategy to articulate noise conservation goals and further identify science and management actions needed to support them.

  2. Evaluating the outcomes of complex nursing initiatives: Insights from the CANO/ACIO National Strategy for Chemotherapy Administration Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorne, Sally; Rashleigh, Laura; Truant, Tracy; Hartzell, Renée; McQuestion, Maurene

    2015-01-01

    Because nursing interventions are typically complex and dynamic, evaluating their impact upon care and care systems is a notoriously daunting challenge. Nursing organizations seeking to evaluate the impact of their efforts are frequently frustrated by the gap between the evaluation research ideal and their available resources. In this paper, we describe a practical and manageable process developed to address such an evaluation challenge. Using a three-step inquiry approach, supported by modest organizational funding and a realistic level of voluntary member time, we were able to generate a meaningful understanding of intersecting outcomes arising from the implementation of CANO/ACIO's National Strategy for Chemotherapy Administration. On the basis of our experience, we see considerable merit in both process and outcomes of this form of targeted evaluation.

  3. Publish or Patent: Bibliometric evidence for empirical trade-offs in national funding strategies

    CERN Document Server

    Shelton, Robert D

    2011-01-01

    Multivariate linear regression models suggest a trade-off in allocations of national R&D investments. Government funding, and spending in the higher education sector, seem to encourage publications, whereas other components such as industrial funding, and spending in the business sector, encourage patenting. Our results help explain why the US trails the EU in publications, because of its focus on industrial funding - some 70% of its total R&D investment. Conversely, it also helps explain why the EU trails the US in patenting. Government funding is indicated as a negative incentive to high-quality patenting. The models here can also be used to predict an output indicator for a country, once the appropriate input indicator is known. This usually is done within a dataset for a single year, but the process can be extended to predict outputs a few years into the future, if reasonable forecasts can be made of the input indicators. We provide new forecasts about the further relationships of the US, the EU-2...

  4. Strategies on technology transfer and patents commercialization for nanotechnology at the Spanish National Research Council.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maira, Javier; Etxabe, Javier; Serena, Pedro A

    2017-06-01

    Nanoscience and nanotechnology made their appearance in the scientific scene at a time when both the economy of Spain and the Spanish Research and Innovation System were experiencing strong growth. This circumstance resulted in a remarkable development of nanoscience and nanotechnology especially in universities and public research institutions such as the Spanish National Research Council (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - CSIC). However, this development in academia has not been reflected in a similar increment in the transfer of knowledge to the productive sector despite several efforts and initiatives were launched. The CSIC, the main generator of scientific knowledge in Spain, has designed and implemented a series of actions in order to take advantage of the knowledge generated in nanotechnology by its research groups by mean of an appropriate transfer to both the Spanish and the international industry. This article describes the measures taken in last decade for the protection and commercialization of research results in the field of nanotechnology, as well as the results that were achieved. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at epub@benthamscience.org.

  5. A scenario-based clean gasoline production strategy for China National Petroleum Corporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Haiyan; Yu Jianning; Fan Yu; Shi Gang; Bao Xiaojun

    2008-01-01

    Facing increasingly strict environmental regulations on transportation fuels,China National Petroleum Corp.(CNPC),the second largest supplier of petroleum products in China,needs to upgrade its transportation fuels.Using the scenario-based analysis method,this paper analyzes how the emission related properties,including antiknock index,and sulfur,olefin,benzene and aromatics contents of gasoline produced by CNPC,vary with the change in the configuration of gasoline production units in the future 5-15 years.The results showed that for CNPC to upgrade its gasoline,the share of fluid catalytic cracking(FCC)naphtha must be reduced,but just increasing reformate or alkylate and isomerate will result in excessive increase in benzene and aromatics contents or a great loss of gasoline octane number.Therefore,CNPC should suitably control the capacity of its FCC units and increase the capacity of reformer,alkylation and isomerization units.Most importantly,CNPC should dramatically expand the capacity of its hydrotreating or non-hydrotreating gasoline upgrading units to decrease the olefin and sulfur contents in FCC gasoline that takes a dominant share of about 80% in the gasoline pool of China.

  6. Aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) feeding strategies at Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar: an indirect sampling method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sefczek, Timothy M; Farris, Zach J; Wright, Patricia C

    2012-01-01

    In this research, we focused on aye-aye populations in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. From August to December 2008, we tested how aye-aye feeding was influenced by presence/absence of both fruiting and non-fruiting Canarium trees. Deadwood feeding traces were used as a proxy for evidence of Canarium feeding. We enumerated deadwood feeding traces in 20 locations, 10 with Canarium, 10 without. Each location contained two transects (80 m L × 20 m W) for a total area of 5.6 ha. Feeding trace results for Canarium locations compared to non-Canarium locations were not significant (Z = -1.926, p = 0.083); however, feeding trace results were significant when comparing fruiting and non-fruiting Canarium locations (Z = -2.417, p = 0.016). These results highlight the importance of Canarium in the diet of aye-ayes and demonstrate how the distribution of this resource may influence the foraging behavior of aye-ayes.

  7. Management strategies in Lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis: a national healthcare survey in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamano, Tomoki; Hamanaka, Michiko; Babaya, Akihito; Kimura, Kei; Kobayashi, Masayoshi; Fukumoto, Miki; Tsukamoto, Kiyoshi; Noda, Masafumi; Matsubara, Nagahide; Tomita, Naohiro; Sugihara, Kenichi

    2017-02-01

    Lynch syndrome (LS) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are major sources of hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC) and are associated with other malignancies. There is some heterogeneity in management strategies in Japan. We undertook a survey of management of hereditary CRC in hospitals that are members of the Japan Society of Colorectal Cancer Research. One hundred and ninety departments responded, of which 127 were from designated cancer care hospitals (DCCHs) according to the Japanese government. There were 25 488 operations for CRC in these departments in 2015. The DCCHs performed better with regard to usage of Japan Society of Colorectal Cancer Research guidelines, referring new CRC patients for LS screening, and having in-house genetic counselors and knowledge of treatment for LS. There were 174 patients diagnosed with LS and 602 undergoing follow-up in 2011-2015, which is fewer than the number expected from CRC operations in 2015. These numbers were not affected by whether the institution was a DCCH. Universal screening for LS was carried out in 8% of the departments. In contrast, 541 patients were diagnosed with FAP and 273 received preventive proctocolectomy/colectomy in 2011-2015. The DCCH departments undertook more surgery than non-DCCH departments, although most of the management, including surgical procedures and use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, was similar. Management of desmoid tumor in the abdominal cavity differed according to the number of patients treated. In conclusion, there was heterogeneity in management of LS but not FAP. Most patients with LS may be overlooked and universal screening for LS is not common in Japan.

  8. Explaining the unexplainable: designing a national strategy on classroom communication concerning the 22 July terror attack in Norway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Jon-Håkon; Langballe, Åse; Raundalen, Magne

    2014-01-01

    Background In the context of crisis and disasters, school-aged children are a vulnerable group with fewer coping resources than adults. The school is a key arena for preventive interventions; teachers can be given a key role in large-scale school-based interventions following a man-made or natural disaster. Objectives This paper describes a practical example of designing a school-based population-level intervention. Methods The preventive measures were delivered as a national communication strategy between teachers and pupils aged 6–19 concerning the terror attack on 22 July 2011 in Norway. The strategy is based on principles from international research. Results The presentation contributes to the discussion of defining the teacher's role in school-based crisis interventions and dealing with high-intensity media coverage of war, terror, and catastrophes. Conclusions The presentation provides educational and psychological perspectives on how teachers can take an active role in helping pupils to deal with such events through two approaches: the therapeutic approach, to restore calm and feelings of safety; and the educational approach, to foster reflection and deeper understanding. PMID:25018859

  9. Explaining the unexplainable: designing a national strategy on classroom communication concerning the 22 July terror attack in Norway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon-Håkon Schultz

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the context of crisis and disasters, school-aged children are a vulnerable group with fewer coping resources than adults. The school is a key arena for preventive interventions; teachers can be given a key role in large-scale school-based interventions following a man-made or natural disaster. Objectives: This paper describes a practical example of designing a school-based population-level intervention. Methods: The preventive measures were delivered as a national communication strategy between teachers and pupils aged 6–19 concerning the terror attack on 22 July 2011 in Norway. The strategy is based on principles from international research. Results: The presentation contributes to the discussion of defining the teacher's role in school-based crisis interventions and dealing with high-intensity media coverage of war, terror, and catastrophes. Conclusions: The presentation provides educational and psychological perspectives on how teachers can take an active role in helping pupils to deal with such events through two approaches: the therapeutic approach, to restore calm and feelings of safety; and the educational approach, to foster reflection and deeper understanding.

  10. Explaining the unexplainable: designing a national strategy on classroom communication concerning the 22 July terror attack in Norway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Jon-Håkon; Langballe, Ase; Raundalen, Magne

    2014-01-01

    In the context of crisis and disasters, school-aged children are a vulnerable group with fewer coping resources than adults. The school is a key arena for preventive interventions; teachers can be given a key role in large-scale school-based interventions following a man-made or natural disaster. This paper describes a practical example of designing a school-based population-level intervention. The preventive measures were delivered as a national communication strategy between teachers and pupils aged 6-19 concerning the terror attack on 22 July 2011 in Norway. The strategy is based on principles from international research. The presentation contributes to the discussion of defining the teacher's role in school-based crisis interventions and dealing with high-intensity media coverage of war, terror, and catastrophes. THE PRESENTATION PROVIDES EDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON HOW TEACHERS CAN TAKE AN ACTIVE ROLE IN HELPING PUPILS TO DEAL WITH SUCH EVENTS THROUGH TWO APPROACHES: the therapeutic approach, to restore calm and feelings of safety; and the educational approach, to foster reflection and deeper understanding.

  11. Identification of poor households for premium exemptions in Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme: empirical analysis of three strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aryeetey, Genevieve Cecilia; Jehu-Appiah, Caroline; Spaan, Ernst; D'Exelle, Ben; Agyepong, Irene; Baltussen, Rob

    2010-12-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of three alternative strategies to identify poor households: means testing (MT), proxy means testing (PMT) and participatory wealth ranking (PWR) in urban, rural and semi-urban settings in Ghana. The primary motivation was to inform implementation of the National Health Insurance policy of premium exemptions for the poorest households. Survey of 145-147 households per setting to collect data on consumption expenditure to estimate MT measures and of household assets to estimate PMT measures. We organized focus group discussions to derive PWR measures. We compared errors of inclusion and exclusion of PMT and PWR relative to MT, the latter being considered the gold standard measure to identify poor households. Compared to MT, the errors of exclusion and inclusion of PMT ranged between 0.46-0.63 and 0.21-0.36, respectively, and of PWR between 0.03-0.73 and 0.17-0.60, respectively, depending on the setting. Proxy means testing and PWR have considerable errors of exclusion and inclusion in comparison with MT. PWR is a subjective measure of poverty and has appeal because it reflects community's perceptions on poverty. However, as its definition of the poor varies across settings, its acceptability as a uniform strategy to identify the poor in Ghana may be questionable. PMT and MT are potential strategies to identify the poor, and their relative societal attractiveness should be judged in a broader economic analysis. This study also holds relevance to other programmes that require identification of the poor in low-income countries. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  12. New optimization strategies of pavement maintenance: A case study for national road network in Indonesia using integrated road management system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdi, Hadiwardoyo, Sigit P.; Correia, A. Gomes; Pereira, Paulo

    2017-06-01

    A road network requires timely maintenance to keep the road surface in good condition onward better services to improve accessibility and mobility. Strategies and maintenance techniques must be chosen in order to maximize road service level through cost-effective interventions. This approach requires an updated database, which the road network in Indonesia is supported by a manual and visual survey, also using NAASRA profiler. Furthermore, in this paper, the deterministic model of deterioration was used. This optimization model uses life cycle cost analysis (LCCA), applied in an integrated manner, using IRI indicator, and allows determining the priority of treatment, type of treatment and its relation to the cost. The purpose of this paper was focussed on the aspects of road maintenance management, i.e., maintenance optimization models for different levels of traffic and various initial of road distress conditions on the national road network in Indonesia. The implementation of Integrated Road Management System (IRMS) can provide a solution to the problem of cost constraints in the maintenance of the national road network. The results from this study found that as the lowest as agency cost, it will affect the increasing of user cost. With the achievement of the target plan scenario Pl000 with initial value IRI 2, it was found that the routine management throughout the year and in early reconstruction and periodic maintenance with a 30 mm thick overlay, will simultaneously provide a higher net benefit value and has the lowest total cost of transportation.

  13. An analysis of policy success and failure in formal evaluations of Australia's national mental health strategy (1992-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Francesca C; Meurk, Carla S; Head, Brian W; Hall, Wayne D; Harris, Meredith G; Whiteford, Harvey A

    2017-05-30

    Heightened fiscal constraints, increases in the chronic disease burden and in consumer expectations are among several factors contributing to the global interest in evidence-informed health policy. The present article builds on previous work that explored how the Australian Federal Government applied five instruments of policy, or policy levers, to implement a series of reforms under the Australian National Mental Health Strategy (NMHS). The present article draws on theoretical insights from political science to analyse the relative successes and failures of these levers, as portrayed in formal government evaluations of the NMHS. Documentary analysis of six evaluation documents corresponding to three National Mental Health Plans was undertaken. Both the content and approach of these government-funded, independently conducted evaluations were appraised. An overall improvement was apparent in the development and application of policy levers over time. However, this finding should be interpreted with caution due to variations in evaluation approach according to Plan and policy lever. Tabulated summaries of the success and failure of each policy initiative, ordered by lever type, are provided to establish a resource that could be consulted for future policy-making. This analysis highlights the complexities of health service reform and underscores the limitations of narrowly focused empirical approaches. A theoretical framework is provided that could inform the evaluation and targeted selection of appropriate policy levers in mental health.

  14. Evaluation of strategies for nature-based solutions to drought: a decision support model at the national scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Mike; Ives, Matthew; Hall, Jim

    2016-04-01

    There is an increasing body of evidence in support of the use of nature based solutions as a strategy to mitigate drought. Restored or constructed wetlands, grasslands and in some cases forests have been used with success in numerous case studies. Such solutions remain underused in the UK, where they are not considered as part of long-term plans for supply by water companies. An important step is the translation of knowledge on the benefits of nature based solutions at the upland/catchment scale into a model of the impact of these solutions on national water resource planning in terms of financial costs, carbon benefits and robustness to drought. Our project, 'A National Scale Model of Green Infrastructure for Water Resources', addresses this issue through development of a model that can show the costs and benefits associated with a broad roll-out of nature based solutions for water supply. We have developed generalised models of both the hydrological effects of various classes and implementations of nature-based approaches and their economic impacts in terms of construction costs, running costs, time to maturity, land use and carbon benefits. Our next step will be to compare this work with our recent evaluation of conventional water infrastructure, allowing a case to be made in financial terms and in terms of security of water supply. By demonstrating the benefits of nature based solutions under multiple possible climate and population scenarios we aim to demonstrate the potential value of using nature based solutions as a component of future long-term water resource plans. Strategies for decision making regarding the selection of nature based and conventional approaches, developed through discussion with government and industry, will be applied to the final model. Our focus is on keeping our work relevant to the requirements of decision-makers involved in conventional water planning. We propose to present the outcomes of our model for the evaluation of nature

  15. A National Early Intervention System as a Strategy to Promote Inclusion and Academic Achievement in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Vitor; Melo, Madalena; Santos, Graça; Apolónio, Ana; Amaral, Leonor

    2017-01-01

    Early intervention with children at risk or facing developmental problems is a practice defined by three fundamental characteristics: being family-centered, being based on the community and on the child's life context, and being conducted by a team with transdisciplinary practice. In this paper we wish to present how the SNIPI-National System of Early Intervention, implemented in Portugal over the past 15 years, contributes to promote maximum development and the full inclusion of children up to 6 years of age and works to prevent school failure. The SNIPI covers the entire territory and intends to respond to the needs of children with developmental disorders or those in at risk situations. This community-based early intervention model is linked to the health, education and social care systems, involving the three responsible Ministries. In the present community case study, we present the implementation of this program in the Alentejo region, involving 31 local teams and almost 2500 children. Through the regional structure's reports and the responses of parents and professionals in impact studies, we demonstrate how the system is established and how it tackles school failure and improves the educational inclusion of these children. The impact of this Early Intervention model has been significant not only on children's developmental outcomes, but also for the health, education and social care professionals who work in a transdisciplinary perspective, as well as for the families who became more skilled at evaluating the children's needs and the support provided. This approach to implementing a family-centered Early Intervention program can contribute to full inclusion. It facilitates the transition to schooling based on a non-discriminatory approach and educational achievement by aiding development and an adapted contextualization in pre-school education. This program system introduces significant innovation within the framework of existing educational policies that

  16. Economic analysis of the energy national strategy 2012-2026; Analisis economico de la estrategia nacional de energia 2012-2026

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, G., E-mail: gustavo.alonso@inin.gob.mx [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    The energy national strategy contemplates the execution of the climatic change law, which establishes that at 2024 the 35% of the electric generation should be given by means of the clean sources use (non originators of greenhouse gases). In the energy national strategy 2012-2026 three possible scenarios to execute this goal are proposed, in two of them is considered the participation of the nuclear energy, the economic implications of these three scenarios are analyzed in this study as well as the reduction in emissions that would derive of their implementation. (Author)

  17. U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues. Volume 1: Theory of War and Strategy. 3rd Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    Army War College, 2007, pp. 47-75. 23. Meinhart , p. 44. 24. David Jablonsky, "National Power," in U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security...U.S AmyWar CaUawge Guide to-National Security issues Vnlumn I: Theory of War amd Strategy it 2008 Ed ied hy J. Bo n atolnes’ r U.S. ARMY WAR COLLEGE...20080709 281 The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the U.S. Army

  18. Poverty and Anti-poverty:the CPC’ s Expression and Practice about Rural Problems in the period of Collectivization%贫困与反贫困--集体化时代中共对乡村问题的表达与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵兴胜

    2016-01-01

    Form the establishment of PRC,the CPC has always thought that the poverty is the focus of the rural problem, and thought it was caused by many factors such as the backward productive relationship and productivity,serious natural disas-ters,overpopulation,excessive reserve of government,backward culture and technology ,and etc. Accordingly,the CPC has put forward many anti -poverty measures, including collectivization, irrigation, mechanization, cultural and technological revolu-tion. Paying a little attention to the issue consciousness of CPC,the current researches frequently fall into the narrow Machia-vellian,and caused a series of paradoxes in explaining and evaluating the change of the era of collective China. To break through the above paradox,we must go beyond the issue consciousness which neglected the historic cocoon and centered on the current needs,and rethink the discourse form about the rural poverty in the modernization process.%有关1949年后中国乡村集体化问题,目前的学术界很少关注和思考它是建立在一种什么样的问题意识之上,以及如何评价这种问题意识及其影响。新中国成立后,中共一直认为贫困是乡村问题的核心,并认为落后的生产关系及生产力、严重的自然灾害、人口过剩、政府提取过多、文化与技术落后等因素造成了贫困问题。基于此,它提出了以集体化、水利化、机械化、以粮为纲、多种经营和文化与技术革命等为中心的反贫困措施。对近代以来的中国而言,贫困是个历史性窠臼,中共的乡村问题意识具有合理性,其反贫困政策与实践大多具有基础性和战略性意义,但人们却长期轻视乃至漠视这些因素,由此也造成了一系列的悖论现象。对集体化时代中国问题的研究如果不和中共的乡村问题意识结合起来,就不能深入到社会历史领域,甚至有可能陷入狭隘的权谋论中。

  19. Efficiency, equity and feasibility of strategies to identify the poor: an application to premium exemptions under National Health Insurance in Ghana.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jehu-Appiah, C.; Aryeetey, G.C.N.O.; Spaan, E.J.A.M.; Agyepong, I.; Baltussen, R.M.P.M.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This paper outlines the potential strategies to identify the poor, and assesses their feasibility, efficiency and equity. Analyses are illustrated for the case of premium exemptions under National Health Insurance (NHI) in Ghana. METHODS: A literature search in Medline search was perform

  20. National and transnational strategies of LGBT civil society organizations in different political environments : Modes of interaction in Western and Eastern Europe for equality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holzhacker, Ronald

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on the national and transnational strategies of five European Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender civil society organizations (CSOs) pressing for equality and non-discrimination. We present three modes of interaction between CSOs and their political environment. The first mod

  1. National and transnational strategies of LGBT civil society organizations in different political environments : Modes of interaction in Western and Eastern Europe for equality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holzhacker, Ronald

    This article focuses on the national and transnational strategies of five European Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender civil society organizations (CSOs) pressing for equality and non-discrimination. We present three modes of interaction between CSOs and their political environment. The first

  2. National and transnational strategies of LGBT civil society organizations in different political environments : Modes of interaction in Western and Eastern Europe for equality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holzhacker, Ronald

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on the national and transnational strategies of five European Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender civil society organizations (CSOs) pressing for equality and non-discrimination. We present three modes of interaction between CSOs and their political environment. The first mod

  3. Micro-Credit and Community Wildlife Management: Complementary Strategies to Improve Conservation Outcomes in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaaya, Emmanuel; Chapman, Margaret

    2017-04-05

    Community wildlife management programs in African protected areas aim to deliver livelihood and social benefits to local communities in order to bolster support for their conservation objectives. Most of these benefits are delivered at the community level. However, many local people are also seeking more individual or household-level livelihood benefits from community wildlife management programs because it is at this level that many of the costs of protected area conservation are borne. Because community wildlife management delivers few benefits at this level, support for their conservation objectives amongst local people often declines. The study investigated the implications of this for reducing poaching in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. Three community wildlife management initiatives undertaken by Park management were compared with regard to their capacity to deliver the individual and household-level benefits sought by local people: community conservation services, wildlife management areas and community conservation banks. Interviews were carried out with poachers and local people from four villages in the Western Serengeti including members of village conservation banks, as well as a number of key informants. The results suggest that community conservation banks could, as a complementary strategy to existing community wildlife management programs, potentially provide a more effective means of reducing poaching in African protected areas than community wildlife management programs alone.

  4. Responses to climate and economic risks and opportunities across national and ecological boundaries: changing household strategies on the Mongolian plateau.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Daniel G; Agrawal, Arun; Sass, Daniel A; Wang, Jun; Hua, Jin; Xie, Yichun

    2013-01-01

    Climate changes on the Mongolian Plateau are creating new challenges for the households and communities of the region. Much of the existing research on household choices in response to climate variability and change focuses on environmental risks and stresses. In contrast, our analysis highlights the importance of taking into account environmental and economic opportunities in explaining household adaptation choices. We surveyed over 750 households arrayed along an ecological gradient and matched across the national border in Mongolia and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, asking what changes in livelihoods strategies households made over the last ten years, and analyzed these choices in two broad categories of options: diversification and livestock management. We combined these data with remotely sensed information about vegetation growth and self-reported exposure to price fluctuations. Our statistical results showed that households experiencing lower ecological and economic variability, higher average levels of vegetation growth, and with greater levels of material wealth, were often those that undertook more actions to improve their conditions in the face of variability. The findings have implications both for how interventions aimed at supporting ongoing choices might be targeted and for theory construction related to social adaptation.

  5. Micro-Credit and Community Wildlife Management: Complementary Strategies to Improve Conservation Outcomes in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaaya, Emmanuel; Chapman, Margaret

    2017-09-01

    Community wildlife management programs in African protected areas aim to deliver livelihood and social benefits to local communities in order to bolster support for their conservation objectives. Most of these benefits are delivered at the community level. However, many local people are also seeking more individual or household-level livelihood benefits from community wildlife management programs because it is at this level that many of the costs of protected area conservation are borne. Because community wildlife management delivers few benefits at this level, support for their conservation objectives amongst local people often declines. The study investigated the implications of this for reducing poaching in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. Three community wildlife management initiatives undertaken by Park management were compared with regard to their capacity to deliver the individual and household-level benefits sought by local people: community conservation services, wildlife management areas and community conservation banks. Interviews were carried out with poachers and local people from four villages in the Western Serengeti including members of village conservation banks, as well as a number of key informants. The results suggest that community conservation banks could, as a complementary strategy to existing community wildlife management programs, potentially provide a more effective means of reducing poaching in African protected areas than community wildlife management programs alone.

  6. Use of a pretest strategy for physical therapist assistant programs to predict success rate on the national physical therapy exam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloas, Stacey B; Keith, Becky; Whitehead, Malcolm T

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated a pretest strategy that identified physical therapist assistant (PTA) students who were at risk of failure on the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE). Program assessment data from five cohorts of PTA students (2005-2009) were used to develop a stepwise multiple regression formula that predicted first-time NPTE licensure scores. Data used included the Nelson-Denny Reading Test, grades from eight core courses, grade point average upon admission to the program, and scores from three mock NPTE exams given during the program. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated between each of the 15 variables and NPTE scores. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed using data collected at the ends of the first, second, and third (final) semesters of the program. Data from the class of 2010 were then used to validate the formula. The end-of-program formula accounted for the greatest variance (57%) in predicted scores. Those students scoring below a predicted scaled score of 620 were identified to be at risk of failure of the licensure exam. These students were counseled, and a remedial plan was developed based on regression predictions prior to them sitting for the licensure exam.

  7. Protecting HIV-positive women's human rights: recommendations for the United States National HIV/AIDS Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Aziza; Hanssens, Catherine; Kelly, Brook

    2009-11-01

    To bring the United States in line with prevailing human rights standards, its National HIV/AIDS Strategy will need to explicitly commit to a human rights framework when developing programmes and policies that serve the unaddressed needs of women. This paper focuses on two aspects of the institutionalized mistreatment of people with HIV: 1) the criminalization of their consensual sexual conduct; and 2) the elimination of informed and documented consensual participation in their diagnosis through reliance on mandatory and opt-out testing policies. More than half of US states have HIV-specific laws criminalizing the consensual sexual activity of people with HIV, regardless of whether transmission occurs. Many of these laws hinge prosecution on the failure of HIV-positive people to disclose their HIV status to a sexual partner. The Obama Administration should explore administrative and legislative incentives to eliminate these laws and prosecutions, and target a portion of prevention funding for anti-stigma training. Testing policies should be reconsidered to remove opt-out and/or mandatory HIV testing as a condition for receipt of federal funding; incentives should encourage states to adopt local policies mandating counseling; and voluntary HIV testing should be offered regardless of the provider's undocumented perception of an individual's risk.

  8. National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    threatened by criminal syndicates. Migration surges involving unaccompanied children across our southern border is one major consequence of weak...through empowered citizens, responsible states, and effective regional and international organizations. And it serves as a compass for how this...affected states incubate and spawn infectious disease, illicit weapons and drug smugglers, and destabilizing refugee flows. Too often, failures in

  9. Pure National Security Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Review of Indices Used in Intensive Care‖. In Applied Physiology in Intensive Care Medicine edited by Göran Hedenstierna, Jordi Mancebo, Laurent...Jean-Jacques. The Social Contract. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1988. Salehyan, Idean. Rebels Without Borders: Transnational Insurgencies in World

  10. Features of the Japanese national dementia strategy in comparison with international dementia policies: How should a national dementia policy interact with the public health- and social-care systems?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakanishi, Miharu; Nakashima, Taeko

    2014-07-01

    The Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of the Japanese national government announced a "Five-Year Plan for Promotion of Measures Against Dementia (Orange Plan)" in September 2012. This article described features of the Japanese dementia strategy in comparison with international dementia policies. An international comparative study was implemented on national dementia policies to seek suggestions for Japanese national strategy. The study consisted of a bibliographical survey, a field survey, and an online case vignette survey in several countries. The Japanese health- and social-care system had multiple access points in the dementia care pathway, as did Australia, France, South Korea, and the Netherlands. Contrary to Japan, a simplified access point was observed in Denmark, England, and Sweden. The Orange Plan aimed to establish specific health-care services, social-care services, and the coordination of agencies for persons with dementia. However, fragmentation remains in the dementia care pathway. The national government should examine fundamental revisions in health, social-care services, and advocacy in joint initiatives with Alzheimer's Association Japan to improve the national dementia strategy. Copyright © 2014 The Alzheimer's Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Strategies to facilitate implementation and sustainability of large system transformations: a case study of a national program for improving quality of care for elderly people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyström, Monica Elisabeth; Strehlenert, Helena; Hansson, Johan; Hasson, Henna

    2014-09-18

    Large-scale change initiatives stimulating change in several organizational systems in the health and social care sector are challenging both to lead and evaluate. There is a lack of systematic research that can enrich our understanding of strategies to facilitate large system transformations in this sector. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of core activities and strategies to facilitate implementation and change of a national program aimed at improving life for the most ill elderly people in Sweden. The program outcomes were also addressed to assess the impact of these strategies. A longitudinal case study design with multiple data collection methods was applied. Archival data (n = 795), interviews with key stakeholders (n = 11) and non-participant observations (n = 23) were analysed using content analysis. Outcome data was obtained from national quality registries. This study presents an approach for implementing a large national change program that is characterized by initial flexibility and dynamism regarding content and facilitation strategies and a growing complexity over time requiring more structure and coordination. The description of activities and strategies show that the program management team engaged a variety of stakeholders and actor groups and accordingly used a palate of different strategies. The main strategies used to influence change in the target organisations were to use regional improvement coaches, regional strategic management teams, national quality registries, financial incentives and annually revised agreements. Interactive learning sessions, intense communication, monitor and measurements, and active involvement of different experts and stakeholders, including elderly people, complemented these strategies. Program outcomes showed steady progress in most of the five target areas, less so for the target of achieving coordinated care. There is no blue-print on how to approach the challenging task of

  12. Global Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Peter Ping

    2013-01-01

    Global strategy differs from domestic strategy in terms of content and process as well as context and structure. The content of global strategy can contain five key elements, while the process of global strategy can have six major stages. These are expounded below. Global strategy is influenced...... by rich and complementary local contexts with diverse resource pools and game rules at the national level to form a broad ecosystem at the global level. Further, global strategy dictates the interaction or balance between different entry strategies at the levels of internal and external networks....

  13. The relative importance of body change strategies, weight perception, perceived social support, and self-esteem on adolescent depressive symptoms: longitudinal findings from a national sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rawana, Jennine S

    2013-07-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the relative importance of body change strategies and weight perception in adolescent depression after accounting for established risk factors for depression, namely low social support across key adolescent contexts. The moderating effect of self-esteem was also examined. Participants (N=4587, 49% female) were selected from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Regression analyses were conducted on the association between well-known depression risk factors (lack of perceived support from parents, peers, and schools), body change strategies, weight perception, and adolescent depressive symptoms one year later. Each well-known risk factor significantly predicted depressive symptoms. Body change strategies related to losing weight and overweight perceptions predicted depressive symptoms above and beyond established risk factors. Self-esteem moderated the relationship between trying to lose weight and depressive symptoms. Maladaptive weight loss strategies and overweight perceptions should be addressed in early identification depression programs. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Female red colobus monkeys maintain their densities through flexible feeding strategies in logged forests in Kibale National Park, Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milich, Krista M; Stumpf, Rebecca M; Chambers, Josephine M; Chapman, Colin A

    2014-05-01

    Behavioral flexibility allows primates to cope with environmental variability. Quantifying primate responses to human habitat modifications allows an effective means of assessing coping mechanisms. Within Kibale National Park, Uganda, logging led to reduced primate food availability that still exists almost 50 years after the harvest. Following the predictions of the ideal free distribution theory, primate densities are expected to decrease in areas of lower resource availability so that the resources available per individual are equivalent in logged and old-growth areas. However, counter to what would be predicted by the ideal free distribution theory, red colobus monkeys (Procolobus rufomitratus) occur at similar densities in logged and old-growth areas of Kibale. This suggests that either the ecological differences between the two areas are not sufficient to impact red colobus densities or that animals in logged areas are compensating to changes in resource availability by using different foraging strategies. To test between these hypotheses, we examined four groups of red colobus, two in logged and two in old-growth forests, and compared feeding behavior, feeding tree size, and tree productivity. Females in logged areas fed on resources from a greater number of plant species, fed on fewer resources from each species, and spent more time feeding than those in old-growth areas. By expanding their diet, females in logged areas effectively increased the resources available to them, which may contribute to their ability to maintain similar densities to females in old-growth areas. These findings have implications for an evolutionary understanding of how species deal with environmental change and considerations for conservation practices that determine what areas should be prioritized for protection.

  15. Quality improvement education to improve performance on ulcerative colitis quality measures and care processes aligned with National Quality Strategy priorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Laurence; Moreo, Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    Studies on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have reported suboptimal approaches to patient care. In the United States, the findings have motivated leading gastroenterology organizations to call for initiatives that support clinicians in aligning their practices with quality measures for IBD and priorities of the National Quality Strategy (NQS). We designed and implemented a quality improvement (QI) education program on ulcerative colitis in which patient charts were audited for 30 gastroenterologists before (n = 300 charts) and after (n = 290 charts) they participated in QI-focused educational activities. Charts were audited for nine measures, selected for their alignment with four NQS priorities: making care safer, ensuring patient engagement, promoting communication, and promoting effective treatment practices. Four of the measures, including guideline-directed vaccinations and assessments of disease type and activity, were part of the CMS Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS). The other five measures involved counseling patients on various topics in ulcerative colitis management, documentation of side effects, assessment of adherence status, and simplification of dosing. The gastroenterologists also completed baseline and post-education surveys designed to assess qualitative outcomes. One of the educational interventions was a private audit feedback session conducted for each gastroenterologist. The sessions were designed to support participants in identifying measures reflecting suboptimal care quality and developing action plans for improvement. In continuous improvement cycles, follow-up interventions included QI tools and educational monographs. Across the nine chart variables, post-education improvements ranged from 0% to 48%, with a mean improvement of 15.9%. Survey findings revealed improvements in self-reported understanding of quality measures and intentions to apply them to practice, and lower rates of perceived significant barriers to high

  16. Proposal for the creation of a national strategy for precision medicine in cancer: a position statement of SEOM, SEAP, and SEFH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrido, P; Aldaz, A; Vera, R; Calleja, M A; de Álava, E; Martín, M; Matías-Guiu, X; Palacios, J

    2017-08-31

    Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. Precision medicine is transforming clinical and biomedical research, as well as health care itself from a conceptual, as well as a methodological viewpoint, providing extraordinary opportunities to improve public health and lower the costs of the healthcare system. However, the implementation of precision medicine poses ethical-legal, regulatory, organizational, and knowledge-related challenges. Without a national strategy, precision medicine, which will be implemented one way or another, could take place without the appropriate planning that can guarantee technical quality, equal access of all citizens to the best practices, violating the rights of patients and professionals, and jeopardizing the solvency of the healthcare system. With this paper from the Spanish Societies of Medical Oncology, Pathology, and Hospital Pharmacy, we highlight the need to institute a consensual national strategy for the development of precision medicine in our country, review the national and international context, comment on the opportunities and challenges for implementing precision medicine, and outline the objectives of a national strategy on precision medicine in cancer.

  17. Saving Our Planet's Flora, the Contribution of the French National Natural History Museum to the Implementation of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma(i)té DELMAS; Jean-Patrick LE DUC

    2011-01-01

    The National Natural History Museum plays a key role in the implementation of the GSPC through its botanical gardens, the Conservatoire Botanique National du Bassin Parisien, the Herbarium, and also by providing expertise on all areas of the Strategy (botany, conservation, ethonobotany, article 8j, substainable use), etc. For 2 of developed activities all over the world, including compilation of various flora and description of new species, as well as establishment of plant conservation schemes and habitat protection policies. It also conserves endangered species in the botanical garden.

  18. Report on the national strategy of research in the energy domain; Rapport sur la strategie nationale de recherche dans le domaine energetique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-05-15

    This report presents the energy situation in France and the place of the research in the energy policy. It discusses the political and legal context, the strategy orientations, the energy efficiency, the renewable energies, the fossil energies, the nuclear energy and the socio-economic factors. The actors of the energy research are detailed. (A.L.B.)

  19. Early Invasive Strategy and In-Hospital Survival Among Diabetics With Non-ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Contemporary National Insight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Ahmed N; Elgendy, Islam Y; Mansoor, Hend; Wen, Xuerong; Mojadidi, Mohammad K; Bavry, Anthony A; Anderson, R David

    2017-03-18

    There are limited data on the merits of an early invasive strategy in diabetics with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, with unclear influence of this strategy on survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in-hospital survival of diabetics with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome treated with an early invasive strategy compared with an initial conservative strategy. The National Inpatient Sample database, years 2012-2013, was queried for diabetics with a primary diagnosis of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome defined as either non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction or unstable angina (unstable angina). An early invasive strategy was defined as coronary angiography±revascularization within 48 hours of admission. Propensity scores were used to assemble a cohort managed with either an early invasive or initial conservative strategy balanced on >50 baseline characteristics and hospital presentations. Incidence of in-hospital mortality was compared in both groups. In a cohort of 363 500 diabetics with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, 164 740 (45.3%) were treated with an early invasive strategy. Propensity scoring matched 21 681 diabetics in both arms. Incidence of in-hospital mortality was lower with an early invasive strategy in both the unadjusted (2.0% vs 4.8%; odds ratio [OR], 0.41; 95% CI, 0.39-0.42; Pstrategy may be associated with a lower incidence of in-hospital mortality in patients with diabetes. The benefit of this strategy appears to be superior in patients presenting with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction compared with unstable angina. © 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  20. Securitization of Language and Strategies of National Security%语言问题安全化与国家安全对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建勤

    2011-01-01

    In this article, three issues concerning the securitization of language are discussed ( 1 ) It firstly introduces background of securitization of language : U.S. government started a proce- dure of securitization of language by the" speech-act", i. e. , by launching American "National Se- curity Language Initiative". Its language, therefore, is securitized. Securitization of the closely related to its strategic goals of language, language is and so, the "critical language" strategy is inevitable outcome of securitization of language. (2) It argues that the securitization of language poses poten- tial threats to our national security. The threats come from two aspects: one is from American "criti- cal language" strategy which forms threats to our military, economic and ideology affairs; another is that the lack of national foreign language capability makes our nation face security challenges. (3) The security strategies of our nation under the background of securitization of language is also dis- cussed. It is suggested in this paper that, firstly, the government should strengthen planning of for- eign languages in order to make our own critical safeguard language national interests and security; secondly, the government should strategy according to national strategy coping with international affairs and emergent events by promoting national foreign language capability; thirdly, the government should make national language strategy as soon as possible, in order to cope with American military and political penetration by implementing its "critical language" strategy.%本文围绕语言问题安全化主要探讨三个问题:(1)语言问题安全化的背景。美国政府通过宣布美国“国家安全语言计划”这一“言语一行为”启动了语言安全化程序。语言问题被安全化与美国语言战略目标密切相关,其“关键语言”战略的实施是导致语言问题

  1. Using Implementation and Program Theory to Examine Communication Strategies in National Wildlife Federation's Backyard Wildlife Habitat Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Dain; Dann, Shari L.

    2004-01-01

    Our evaluative approach used implementation theory and program theory, adapted from Weiss (1998) to examine communication processes and results for a national wildlife habitat stewardship education program. Using a mail survey of 1427 participants certified in National Wildlife Federation's (NWF) Backyard Wildlife Habitat (BWH) program and a study…

  2. 美国国家情报战略体系解析%On National Intelligence Strategy System of the United States of America

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单东

    2016-01-01

    Purpose/Significance] The United States has a profound strategic culture. In the field of intelligence, the United States Intel-ligence Community has developed many different strategies in all levels. The development and construction of more than a decade has led to the initial formation of the U. S. national intelligence strategy system, and an in-depth analysis of the Unites States national intelligence strategy system will greatly benefit the construction and development of China’ s national intelligence. [ Method/Process] Based on a comparative analysis of various kinds of intelligence strategies, comparison of the differences in aspects of content, structure and so on, and a hierarchy analysis, we can accurately describe the different levels of intelligence strategy. [ Result/Conclusion] Through the analy-sis of various strategic documents, the U. S. national intelligence strategy system can be divided into three levels from top to bottom, with characteristics of comprehensive, convergence and stability, but it is still not mature.%[目的/意义]美国具有浓厚的战略文化,在情报领域,美国情报界在各个层级都出台了不同的情报战略。经过十余年的发展建设,美国国家情报战略体系已经初步成型。对其进行深入研究分析,将对我国国家情报工作的建设发展大有裨益。[方法/过程]通过对各类情报战略文件采用比较分析,对比各类战略在内容、结构等方面的差异,并采用层次分析法,将隶属不同层次的战略进行梳理、排列,发现各类战略的层级关系,并将之准确表述。[结果/结论]经过研究我们发现,美国国家情报战略体系从上至下分为三个层级,具有全面性、融合性与稳定性的特点,但还并未成熟。

  3. The national strategy synthesis on the research in the energy domain; La synthese de la strategie nationale sur la recherche dans le domaine de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The energy research strategy takes into account two main orientations: the identification, the design and the industrial validation of new technologies generating no or less greenhouse gases, progresses relative to the today technologies in order to decrease the energy consumption. The report discusses the following axis of research: technologies of poor greenhouse gases emission and alternative energy resources, the nuclear energy for the electric power production, the biomass, the photovoltaic energy by the development of less expensive technologies, the CO{sub 2} capture and storage, the energy efficiency, the energy storage, the transport sector and the fuel cells development. (A.L.B.)

  4. Cost effectiveness of a government supported policy strategy to decrease sodium intake: global analysis across 183 nations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Michael; Fahimi, Saman; Singh, Gitanjali M; Khatibzadeh, Shahab; Micha, Renata; Powles, John; Mozaffarian, Dariush

    2017-01-10

     To quantify the cost effectiveness of a government policy combining targeted industry agreements and public education to reduce sodium intake in 183 countries worldwide.  Global modeling study.  183 countries.  Full adult population in each country.  A "soft regulation" national policy that combines targeted industry agreements, government monitoring, and public education to reduce population sodium intake, modeled on the recent successful UK program. To account for heterogeneity in efficacy across countries, a range of scenarios were evaluated, including 10%, 30%, 0.5 g/day, and 1.5 g/day sodium reductions achieved over 10 years. We characterized global sodium intakes, blood pressure levels, effects of sodium on blood pressure and of blood pressure on cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular disease rates in 2010, each by age and sex, in 183 countries. Country specific costs of a sodium reduction policy were estimated using the World Health Organization Noncommunicable Disease Costing Tool. Country specific impacts on mortality and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were modeled using comparative risk assessment. We only evaluated program costs, without incorporating potential healthcare savings from prevented events, to provide conservative estimates of cost effectiveness MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:  Cost effectiveness ratio, evaluated as purchasing power parity adjusted international dollars (equivalent to the country specific purchasing power of US$) per DALY saved over 10 years.  Worldwide, a 10% reduction in sodium consumption over 10 years within each country was projected to avert approximately 5.8 million DALYs/year related to cardiovascular diseases, at a population weighted mean cost of I$1.13 per capita over the 10 year intervention. The population weighted mean cost effectiveness ratio was approximately I$204/DALY. Across nine world regions, estimated cost effectiveness of sodium reduction was best in South Asia (I$116/DALY); across the world

  5. Cost effectiveness of a government supported policy strategy to decrease sodium intake: global analysis across 183 nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Michael; Fahimi, Saman; Singh, Gitanjali M; Khatibzadeh, Shahab; Micha, Renata; Powles, John

    2017-01-01

    Objective To quantify the cost effectiveness of a government policy combining targeted industry agreements and public education to reduce sodium intake in 183 countries worldwide. Design Global modeling study. Setting 183 countries. Population Full adult population in each country. Intervention A “soft regulation” national policy that combines targeted industry agreements, government monitoring, and public education to reduce population sodium intake, modeled on the recent successful UK program. To account for heterogeneity in efficacy across countries, a range of scenarios were evaluated, including 10%, 30%, 0.5 g/day, and 1.5 g/day sodium reductions achieved over 10 years. We characterized global sodium intakes, blood pressure levels, effects of sodium on blood pressure and of blood pressure on cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular disease rates in 2010, each by age and sex, in 183 countries. Country specific costs of a sodium reduction policy were estimated using the World Health Organization Noncommunicable Disease Costing Tool. Country specific impacts on mortality and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were modeled using comparative risk assessment. We only evaluated program costs, without incorporating potential healthcare savings from prevented events, to provide conservative estimates of cost effectiveness Main outcome measure Cost effectiveness ratio, evaluated as purchasing power parity adjusted international dollars (equivalent to the country specific purchasing power of US$) per DALY saved over 10 years. Results Worldwide, a 10% reduction in sodium consumption over 10 years within each country was projected to avert approximately 5.8 million DALYs/year related to cardiovascular diseases, at a population weighted mean cost of I$1.13 per capita over the 10 year intervention. The population weighted mean cost effectiveness ratio was approximately I$204/DALY. Across nine world regions, estimated cost effectiveness of sodium reduction

  6. 全球国家网络安全战略的变革%Changes in the national cyber-security strategies in a global perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴关龙; 冯潇洒

    2015-01-01

    Recently,the emergence of the national cyber-security strategy reflects the mentality of"soft law governance".Though there is no internationally concerted definition on cyber-security,all the countries of the world regard it as the foundation of their national stability and economic develop-ment.Around 2010,the emergence of the new-generation cyber-security strategy predicted the new trend of the global cyber-security strategy,whose concepts,principles and strategies have become more flexible and whose achievements and experience can shed much light on China’s current imple-mentation of its own cyber-security strategy.%国家网络安全战略的兴起体现了网络安全“软法治理”的思路。尽管各国对于网络安全的概念尚未达成统一,但无一例外将网络安全作为国家稳定和经济发展的基础。在2010年前后,新一代网络安全战略预示了全球网络安全战略的变革态势,其理念、原则和策略变得更为丰富和弹性。我国目前正在积极部署自己的网络安全战略,全球国家网络安全战略变革中的成果和经验值得我国进行深入研判。

  7. Defense Acquisition Policy and Defense Industrial Base Reinforcement Strategy - Enhancing the International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-23

    Korea Defense Industry Association (KDIA). (2007). Annual management review of Korean Defense Industry. Seoul: Author. Lee, D.O. (2000...COMPETITIVENESS OF THE KOREAN NATIONAL DEFENSE INDUSTRY Published: 23 April 2008 by Dr. Dae Ok Lee 5th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium of the...International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d

  8. TO A QUESTION ABOUT THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE POLICY AND ITS MEANING FOR THE IMAGE STRATEGY COMPLEX AND NATIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. V. Tsyrakson

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the current international situation, the most important are issues of national selfdetermination and identity. One of the most important elements of the «national norm» expression is the national language and the factors that determine its development. In this context, the national language may be an essential tool, both domestic and foreign policies of the state (the instrument of soft power. This issue is particularly acute for the national political and cultural elite at the present stage. Theoretical approaches to the formation of values and ethical guidelines of the Russian society can be based, to a certain extent, on the fundamental postulates of the main currents of Russian philosophy of the XIX century, especially paying attention to the concept of the "Russian idea". It is important to understand that in this case the national language becomes a political tool in the global sense and objective may be part of the whole complex of state branding policy. The tactics of the national language promotion in an international environment (methods and forms must be not aggressive in nature and create a pressure effect on the subconscious of citizens of that state for which this mechanism is provided. Image effect is achieved through the common moral and ethical attitudes, wearing ethnic, national determination by the country. On the other hand, the study of the impact on the public consciousness of a social system by means of the facts surrounding the use of the studied linguistic tools, allows you to view philosophy as a system of knowledge in the interdisciplinary field of application, vibrating between the different areas of social sciences.

  9. Creating a “culture of research” in a community hospital: Strategies and tools from the National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Centers Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. Germain, Diane; Nacpil, Lianne M; Zaren, Howard A; Swanson, Sandra M; Minnick, Christopher; Carrigan, Angela; Denicoff, Andrea M; Igo, Kathleen E; Acoba, Jared D; Gonzalez, Maria M; McCaskill-Stevens, Worta

    2015-01-01

    Background The value of community-based cancer research has long been recognized. In addition to the National Cancer Institute’s Community Clinical and Minority-Based Oncology Programs established in 1983, and 1991 respectively, the National Cancer Institute established the National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Centers Program in 2007 with an aim of enhancing access to high-quality cancer care and clinical research in the community setting where most cancer patients receive their treatment. This article discusses strategies utilized by the National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Centers Program to build research capacity and create a more entrenched culture of research at the community hospitals participating in the program over a 7-year period. Methods To facilitate development of a research culture at the community hospitals, the National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Centers Program required leadership or chief executive officer engagement; utilized a collaborative learning structure where best practices, successes, and challenges could be shared; promoted site-to-site mentoring to foster faster learning within and between sites; required research program assessments that spanned clinical trial portfolio, accrual barriers, and outreach; increased identification and use of metrics; and, finally, encouraged research team engagement across hospital departments (navigation, multidisciplinary care, pathology, and disparities) to replace the traditionally siloed approach to clinical trials. Limitations The health-care environment is rapidly changing while complexity in research increases. Successful research efforts are impacted by numerous factors (e.g. institutional review board reviews, physician interest, and trial availability). The National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Centers Program sites, as program participants, had access to the required resources and support to develop and implement the strategies described. Metrics are an important

  10. Identifying A National Leadership Skills Training And Development Strategy For Leaders Within Sector Education Training Authorities (SETAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florus P. J. Prinsloo

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Through a literature survey and a qualitative survey of the views of a selected sample of key role-players in the implementation of the South African Skills Development Strategy a number of transformational leadership competencies were identified that influence the effectiveness of Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs. A subsequent quantitative survey of the views of a random sample of SETA managers and Board members ranked the identified leadership competencies in terms of relevance to and importance for effectiveness of SETA leadership teams. The research results were applied to propose a learning programme strategy to develop the identified transformational leadership competencies amongst SETA leaders.

  11. "URM candidates are encouraged to apply": a national study to identify effective strategies to enhance racial and ethnic faculty diversity in academic departments of medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peek, Monica E; Kim, Karen E; Johnson, Julie K; Vela, Monica B

    2013-03-01

    There is little evidence regarding which factors and strategies are associated with high proportions of underrepresented minority (URM) faculty in academic medicine. The authors conducted a national study of U.S. academic medicine departments to better understand the challenges, successful strategies, and predictive factors for enhancing racial and ethnic diversity among faculty (i.e., physicians with an academic position or rank). This was a mixed-methods study using quantitative and qualitative methods. The authors conducted a cross-sectional study of eligible departments of medicine in 125 accredited U.S. medical schools, dichotomized into low-URM (bottom 50%) versus high-URM rank (top 50%). They used t tests and chi-squared tests to compare departments by geographic region, academic school rank, city type, and composite measures of "diversity best practices." The authors also conducted semistructured in-depth interviews with a subsample from the highest- and lowest-quartile medical schools in terms of URM rank. Eighty-two medical schools responded (66%). Geographic region and academic rank were statistically associated with URM rank, but not city type or composite measures of diversity best practices. Key themes emerged from interviews regarding successful strategies for URM faculty recruitment and retention, including institutional leadership, the use of human capital and social relationships, and strategic deployment of institutional resources. Departments of medicine with high proportions of URM faculty employ a number of successful strategies and programs for recruitment and retention. More research is warranted to identify new successful strategies and to determine the impact of specific strategies on establishing and maintaining workforce diversity.

  12. “URM Candidates Are Encouraged to Apply”: A National Study to Identify Effective Strategies to Enhance Racial and Ethnic Faculty Diversity in Academic Departments of Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peek, Monica E.; Kim, Karen E.; Johnson, Julie K.; Vela, Monica B.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose There is little evidence regarding which factors and strategies are associated with high proportions of underrepresented minority (URM) faculty in academic medicine. The authors conducted a national study of U.S. academic medicine departments to better understand the challenges, successful strategies, and predictive factors for enhancing racial and ethnic diversity among faculty (i.e., physicians with an academic position or rank). Method This was a mixed-methods study using quantitative and qualitative methods. The authors conducted a cross-sectional study of eligible departments of medicine in 125 accredited U.S. medical schools, dichotomized into low-URM (bottom 50%) versus high-URM rank (top 50%). They used t tests and chi-squared tests to compare departments by geographic region, academic school rank, city type, and composite measures of “diversity best practices.” The authors also conducted semistructured in-depth interviews with a subsample from the highest-and lowest-quartile medical schools in terms of URM rank. Results Eighty-two medical schools responded (66%). Geographic region and academic rank were statistically associated with URM rank, but not city type or composite measures of diversity best practices. Key themes emerged from interviews regarding successful strategies for URM faculty recruitment and retention including institutional leadership, the use of human capital and social relationships and strategic deployment of institutional resources. Conclusions Departments of medicine with high proportions of URM faculty employ a number of successful strategies and programs for recruitment and retention. More research is warranted to identify new successful strategies and to determine the impact of specific strategies on establishing and maintaining workforce diversity. PMID:23348090

  13. Comforting strategies and perceived barriers to pediatric pain management during IV line insertion procedure in Uganda's national referral hospital: A descriptive study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katende, Godfrey; Mugabi, Benedicto

    2015-09-16

    Venipuncture and intravenous (IV) cannula insertions are the two common sources of pain in hospitalized children and health care today. The WHO asserts that, pain relief is a basic fundamental right and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Nonpharmacological comforting strategies when implemented are important to relive pain related distress in children during peripheral IV line insertion. However, evidence to date that suggests implementation of such strategies and their barriers in Uganda remains very limited. This study aimed at establishing the current practices in regard to the use of comforting strategies and the perceived barriers faced by health care providers to implement pediatric pain management during IV line insertion procedure in Uganda's national referral hospital, Mulago. A cross sectional and descriptive study was conducted between December 1, 2012 and February 28, 2013 involving doctors, nurses and interns in six pediatric wards of Mulago Hospital in Uganda. A pre-tested self- administered and semi- structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Data was entered into SPSS and descriptive statistics run on all the variables. Of the 120 questionnaires distributed, 105 (RR = 87.5%) were returned and completed. The evidence based comforting strategies used for pain management during IV line insertion by the majority of health care professionals were; skin to skin (51%) and appropriate upright positioning of the child on mother's lap (69%). The least used comforting strategies were; allowing the child to suck his thumb or hand (70%), use of distraction (69%) and directing the child to suck one of his fingers into his mouth (90%). The identified barriers to implementing comforting strategies were; lack of time (42%), having emergency situations (18%), and not knowing the right method to use (11%). Of 105, 100 (95%) reported that there is need for continuous professional development on comforting strategies. Findings demonstrated that fewer

  14. Evaluation of endemic goiter prevalence in Bulgarian schoolchildren: results from national strategies for prevention and control of iodine-deficiency disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatseva, Penka; Vladeva, Stefka; Argirova, Mariana

    2007-06-01

    Iodine deficiency is a major health problem worldwide. The environment of the Balkan countries, including Bulgaria, is distinguished for its low iodine content. In 1994, the strategies for the prevention and control of iodinedeficiency disorders were actualized in Bulgaria and universal salt iodization and supplementation for the risk population groups (schoolchildren, pregnant women) were introduced. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the iodine prophylaxis in schoolchildren, living in an endemic for goiter area after the introduction of salt iodization in Bulgaria. For this purpose, the goiter prevalence and iodine status in 483 schoolchildren (274 boys and 209 girls) aged between 8 and 15 yr, living in an endemic for goiter area in Bulgaria were evaluated. Despite the normalization of iodine supply, mild iodine deficiency on the basis of goiter prevalence (16.15%) and urinary iodine excretion was found. These data indicate the need for reevaluation of the national strategy for prevention of iodine deficiency.

  15. Identification of poor households for premium exemptions in Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme: empirical analysis of three strategies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aryeetey, G.C.N.O.; Jehu-Appiah, C.; Spaan, E.J.A.M.; D'Exelle, B.; Agyepong, I.; Baltussen, R.M.P.M.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of three alternative strategies to identify poor households: means testing (MT), proxy means testing (PMT) and participatory wealth ranking (PWR) in urban, rural and semi-urban settings in Ghana. The primary motivation was to inform implementation of the

  16. Classroom Management Strategies to Address the Needs of Sudanese Refugee Learners. An Adult Literacy National Project Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgoyne, Ursula; Hull, Oksana

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which English language, literacy and numeracy teachers used classroom management strategies to meet the needs of adult Sudanese refugee learners. While teachers met the needs of these learners insofar as they coincided with those of other refugee groups, the highly oral language culture of these learners appeared…

  17. A world's dilemma 'upon which the sun never sets'. The nuclear waste management strategy. Western European nation states and the United States of America. Pt. III of III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanders, Mark Callis [Sanders Enineering, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Sanders, Charlotta E. [Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    2017-01-15

    The management of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and nuclear wastes demands a strategy to provide for the safe, secure, and permanent disposal of radioactive material from power generation, defense uses, and other activities. Nation states have taken different paths to nuclear waste management and are at various stages of the development of a nuclear waste management strategy. A strategy may include developing a geological repository, nuclear fuel reprocessing, interim storage, as well as discussions of the creation of a multinational storage facility. The paper provides an overview of the strategy used (or being developed) and its place within the legal framework. The paper concludes that though each nation state must look outward to its shared inter - national obligations, there must also be an inward reflection of a nation state to its own traditions, customs, and legal/law making regimes.

  18. Nostalgia-Related Aspects of Professional Sport Facilities: A Facility Audit of Major League Baseball and National Football League Strategies to Evoke the Past

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chad Seifried

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper focused on documenting how Major League Baseball (MLB and the National Football League (NFL utilize nostalgia through their sport facilities to showcase the past, present and even the future. This study involved the collection and examination of several facility elements through a facility audit. Data was collected on nostalgia inducing elements by using facility and renovation documents/blueprints and announcements, archived data, published websites, facility visits, and interaction/contact with front office employees. The collected information led the researchers to determine that MLB and NFL teams use specific strategies or tactics within their facilities to create or evoke nostalgia. Furthermore, there are opportunities for each organization to attract more live and remote spectators to their venue and organizational-sponsored events in order to establish or maintain membership in their fan nation through methods which center on enhancing the nostalgic experience.

  19. The legitimacy of the "National Reorganization Process" locally. Actors and discursive strategies around the First International Exhibition of Production, Industry and Commerce. Junín, 1977

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evangelina Máspoli

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes to explore the strategies of legitimation that were deployed in a space bounded local during the first stage of the so-called "National Reorganization Process" in Argentina. From a vision focused on the actors, in the analysis of speech, and in the local history will be analyzed the speeches that officials and personalities of national importance, provincial and local made during the First International Exhibition that took place in the city of Buenos Aires (Junín in October 1977. They try to envision the ideals and representations constructed around the figure of the agricultural producers of the mayors and municipalities, as well as links with the symbolic dimension of authoritarian project which sought to sustain that dictatorship

  20. Uma análise da estratégia nacional de desenvolvimento da Malásia An analysis of the national development strategy of Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleomar Gomes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at studying Malaysia's national development strategy in the last three decades. Firstly, we will give emphasis to the country's economic planning development, its medium-term and long-term plans, as well as Mahathir's political influence. Secondly, we will try to identify key elements in the Malaysian growth process, such as its exchange rate and current account policies, the participation of the government in the whole process and matters related to domestic savings and foreign direct investment. We will also talk about the 1997 financial crisis.

  1. Factsheets for the (eco)toxicological risk assessment strategy of the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luttik R; Raaij MTM van; CSR

    2001-01-01

    Eight fact sheets describing risk assessment methods used at the Centre of Substances and Risk assessment (CSR) of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) are presented here with the main aim of promoting greater transparency in the risk assessment methods used at the Ins

  2. Boreal Forest Carbon Sequestration Strategies : a Case Study of the Little Red River Cree First Nation Land Tenures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krcmar, E.; Kooten, van G.C.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, creation of carbon offset and emission reduction credits are examined from the perspective of the Little Red River Cree Nation (LRRCN), a forest tenure holder in northern Alberta. Carbon credits are produced under three scenarios: (1) carbon uptake in forest ecosystems, with postharve

  3. National Environmental Policy Act Compliance Strategy for the Remote-Handled Low-level Waste Disposal Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peggy Hinman

    2010-10-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) needs to have disposal capability for remote-handled low level waste (LLW) generated at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) at the time the existing disposal facility is full or must be closed in preparation for final remediation of the INL Subsurface Disposal Area in approximately the year 2017.

  4. Ambiguity as Deliberate Strategy: The "De-Politicized" Discourse of National Identity in the Taiwanese Citizenship Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Cheng-Yu

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to investigate how the discourse on national identity is approached in the new Taiwanese citizenship curriculum. The differing opinions on Taiwan's relationship with China and the constant threat from this rising superpower have deterred the explicit promotion of either a Taiwanese or Chinese identity. The new curriculum follows…

  5. Delivery Strategies to Enhance the Sustainability of Training: Lessons from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Rosa, Cecilia; Nadeau, Andrew; Hernandez, Emilio; Kafeero, Fred; Zahiga, Jacques

    2016-01-01

    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) utilizes training as a major component of the support it provides to its member countries in Africa. In the past, stand-alone training events targeting individual actors were the norm. However, an external evaluation indicated that this type of training scores low in terms of…

  6. Boreal Forest Carbon Sequestration Strategies : a Case Study of the Little Red River Cree First Nation Land Tenures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krcmar, E.; Kooten, van G.C.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, creation of carbon offset and emission reduction credits are examined from the perspective of the Little Red River Cree Nation (LRRCN), a forest tenure holder in northern Alberta. Carbon credits are produced under three scenarios: (1) carbon uptake in forest ecosystems, with

  7. The impact of national cultures on international marketing strategy and subsidiary performance of portuguese SME’s

    OpenAIRE

    Antunes, Isabel Cristina Martins; Barandas-Karl, Hortênsia; Martins, Francisco Vitorino

    2013-01-01

    The dynamic of the international business and its multidimensional nature requires the understanding of the complexities of different contexts dictated by cultural differences between countries. The purpose of this paper is to study, in depth howsmall and medium-sized companies develop their international marketing mix strategy in their overseas subsidiaries. We use the theoretical construct of Hofstede (1980, 1991) in the dimensions of Power Distance (PD), Uncertain...

  8. A review of national policies and strategies to improve quality of health care and patient safety: a case study from Lebanon and Jordan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Jardali, Fadi; Fadlallah, Racha

    2017-08-16

    Improving quality of care and patient safety practices can strengthen health care delivery systems, improve health sector performance, and accelerate attainment of health-related Sustainability Development Goals. Although quality improvement is now prominent on the health policy agendas of governments in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), progress to date has not been optimal. The objective of this study is to comprehensively review existing quality improvement and patient safety policies and strategies in two selected countries of the EMR (Lebanon and Jordan) to determine the extent to which these have been institutionalized within existing health systems. We used a mixed methods approach that combined documentation review, stakeholder surveys and key informant interviews. Existing quality improvement and patient safety initiatives were assessed across five components of an analytical framework for assessing health care quality and patient safety: health systems context; national policies and legislation; organizations and institutions; methods, techniques and tools; and health care infrastructure and resources. Both Lebanon and Jordan have made important progress in terms of increased attention to quality and accreditation in national health plans and strategies, licensing requirements for health care professionals and organizations (albeit to varying extents), and investments in health information systems. A key deficiency in both countries is the absence of an explicit national policy for quality improvement and patient safety across the health system. Instead, there is a spread of several (disjointed) pieces of legal measures and national plans leading to fragmentation and lack of clear articulation of responsibilities across the entire continuum of care. Moreover, both countries lack national sets of standardized and applicable quality indicators for performance measurement and benchmarking

  9. Inflation Targeting as Monetary Policy Strategy in View of Romania'’s Adopting Euro as National Currency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ph.D. Student Valentin Leoveanu

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available On its way towards the European Union accession, Romania had undertaken a multitudeof economic transformations that made the transit from the ineffective system of central planning to aninstitutional framework created to facilitate the functionality of a competitive market economy. Linked tothese economic developments, the monetary authority represented by the National Bank of Romania chosesome models of monetary policy in order to achieve its fundamental objectives: price stability and financialstability. Nowadays the monetary policy adopted is based on inflation targeting as a main frame of decisionand action to reach the objective of adopting euro as national currency in Romania. This paper attempts tofocus on the rationale behind the adoption of inflation targeting, the key features, the international experienceand the prerequisites on this subject. As a conclusion there are presented the advantages of choosingthis type of monetary policy on the further developments towards euro adopting in Romania.

  10. The National Shipbuilding Research Program. Strategies and Demonstrations for the Reduction of Government Regulations Related to Commercial Shipbuilding

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-09-01

    Baltimore, Maryland Date: October 2-5. 1996 Location: Marriot Marquis Hotel , New York City Date: October 15-19,1997 Location: Westin Hotel , Ottawa...Manufacturers Association RNLI - Royal National Lifeboat Institute Date April 30,1996 May 1-2,1996 Location: Brighton Metropole Hotel , Brighton, UK Contact...Continental Hotel , Rio de Janeiro Contact Mrs. Melissa Nellis, Tel: (713)578-7171, Fax: (713)578-0589. Title: The 1996 USMSA Safety Seminar Sponsor: United

  11. The Asia-Pacific Maritime Security Strategy: Achieving U.S. National Security Objectives in a Changing Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-27

    disputes in the region, they are relatively stable or have been resolved through international tribunals and arbitration . India has been...claims over a portion of the Bay of Bengal. However, in 2009, both nations agreed to submit their conflicting claims to international arbitration . The...the South China Sea have used the International Court of Justice, ad hoc arbitral tribunals under the Law of the Sea Convention, and the International

  12. Strategies for transforming reproductive healthcare delivery in an integrated healthcare system: a national model with system-wide implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zephyrin, Laurie C; Katon, Jodie G; Yano, Elizabeth M

    2014-12-01

    As the number of women serving in the US military has grown, so too has the number of women using the US Department of Veterans Affairs Healthcare System (VA). This poses tremendous opportunity to integrate reproductive health services across a national healthcare system. This review summarizes the approaches used to assess, rapidly design, and integrate VA's first National Reproductive Health Program. Compared with the civilian population, women Veterans have poorer health status including increased likelihood of medical comorbidities and mental health conditions. Given these complex health needs, a health systems approach that integrates reproductive health with other needs is essential in this vulnerable population. Delivery of high-quality reproductive healthcare must incorporate a systems perspective. Promoting major organizational and cultural change in a national system has required use of an evidence-based strategic framework, which has relied on several key tenets including the following: understanding the population of women Veterans served, developing research-clinical partnerships, building interdisciplinary initiatives for system-wide integration of reproductive healthcare, and developing innovative tools for enhancing care delivery. This approach can serve as a model for other healthcare systems committed to developing an integrated system of reproductive healthcare and addressing reproductive health conditions in women with complex needs.

  13. U.S. Geological Survey natural hazards science strategy: promoting the safety, security, and economic well-being of the Nation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Jr., Robert R.; Jones, Lucile M.; Eidenshink, Jeffery C.; Godt, Jonathan W.; Kirby, Stephen H.; Love, Jeffrey J.; Neal, Christina A.; Plant, Nathaniel G.; Plunkett, Michael L.; Weaver, Craig S.; Wein, Anne; Perry, Suzanne C.

    2013-01-01

    The mission of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in natural hazards is to develop and apply hazard science to help protect the safety, security, and economic well-being of the Nation. The costs and consequences of natural hazards can be enormous, and each year more people and infrastructure are at risk. USGS scientific research—founded on detailed observations and improved understanding of the responsible physical processes—can help to understand and reduce natural hazard risks and to make and effectively communicate reliable statements about hazard characteristics, such as frequency, magnitude, extent, onset, consequences, and where possible, the time of future events. To accomplish its broad hazard mission, the USGS maintains an expert workforce of scientists and technicians in the earth sciences, hydrology, biology, geography, social and behavioral sciences, and other fields, and engages cooperatively with numerous agencies, research institutions, and organizations in the public and private sectors, across the Nation and around the world. The scientific expertise required to accomplish the USGS mission in natural hazards includes a wide range of disciplines that this report refers to, in aggregate, as hazard science. In October 2010, the Natural Hazards Science Strategy Planning Team (H–SSPT) was charged with developing a long-term (10–year) Science Strategy for the USGS mission in natural hazards. This report fulfills that charge, with a document hereinafter referred to as the Strategy, to provide scientific observations, analyses, and research that are critical for the Nation to become more resilient to natural hazards. Science provides the information that decisionmakers need to determine whether risk management activities are worthwhile. Moreover, as the agency with the perspective of geologic time, the USGS is uniquely positioned to extend the collective experience of society to prepare for events outside current memory. The USGS has critical

  14. Smolensk State University`s implementation of the provisions of the national strategy in the field of education and upbringing of the young generation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morozikova I.V.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the strategies of state policy in the field of education and upbringing at the modern stage of the development of Russian society. Smolensk State University acts as a scientific and methodological center, which is actively implementing the provisions of the national strategy in the region. At Smolensk State University various forms of work for the implementation of the state policy in the field of young generation upbringing are used: research and educational projects, conferences, camps, etc. The article presents the results of the IX International Scientific-Practical Conference "Social and practical problems of mentality ", the projects of the Smolensk regional pedagogical unit "Winged" (the head – doctor of pedagogical Sciences, Prof. N.P. Senchenkov, the Summer school "Gifted children" and the prospects of research and educational projects for implementation of the strategy of the state policy in the field of education. It is shown that the main characteristic of these projects at Smolensk State University is the focusing on social partnership and practical orientation, cooperation with the Russian Academy of Education and educational organizations of the region. It is noted that they contribute to the formation of active civil position, to the development of needs of the young generation to participate in civic life, help to adapt to the social and political environment and to develop skills of cooperation with local authorities and other partners.

  15. A Conservation Strategy for the Florida Scrub-Jay on John F. Kennedy Space Center/Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge: An Initial Scientific Basis for Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breininger, D. R.; Larson, V. L.; Schaub, R.; Duncan, B. W.; Schmalzer, P. A.; Oddy, D. M.; Smith, R. B.; Adrian, F.; Hill, H., Jr.

    1996-01-01

    The Florida Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) is an indicator of ecosystem integrity of Florida scrub, an endangered ecosystem that requires frequent fire. One of the largest populations of this federally threatened species occurs on John F. Kennedy Space Center/Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge. Population trends were predicted using population modeling and field data on reproduction and survival of Florida Scrub-Jays collected from 1988 - 1995. Analyses of historical photography indicated that habitat suitability has been declining for 30 years. Field data and computer simulations suggested that the population declined by at least 40% and will decline by another 40% in 1 0 years, if habitat management is not greatly intensified. Data and computer simulations suggest that habitat suitability cannot deviate greatly from optimal for the jay population to persist. Landscape trajectories of vegetation structure, responsible for declining habitat suitability, are associated with the disruption of natural fire regimes. Prescribed fire alone can not reverse the trajectories. A recovery strategy was developed, based on studies of Florida Scrub-Jays and scrub vegetation. A reserve design was formulated based on conservation science principles for scrub ecosystems. The strategy emphasizes frequent fire to restore habitat, but includes mechanical tree cutting for severely degraded areas. Pine thinning across large areas can produce rapid increases in habitat quality. Site-specific strategies will need to be developed, monitored, and modified to achieve conditions suitable for population persistence.

  16. A Review of the French National Digital Security Strategy%《法国国家数字安全战略》述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠志斌

    2016-01-01

    The digitalization of French society is accelerating, with relentless growth in digital services, products and jobs. The digital transition favors innovation and growth, yet it simultaneously carries risks for the State, economic stakeholders and citizens. Facing to this challenge,French government issued a new version of the French national digital security strategy in October 2015. The strategy called for a collective, coordinated response based on five strategic objectives. This paper introduces and makes a brief comment on the strategy.%法国社会正在加快数字化进程,数字服务、产品和工作不断发展,数字转型有助于创新和发展,但也给国家、经济利益相关方和公民带来了风险.网络犯罪、间谍活动、宣传、破坏和过度利用个人数据威胁着数字信任和安全.面对这一挑战,2015年10月法国政府发布新版《法国国家数字安全战略》,提出基于五个战略目标进行共同协调应对.本文对该战略进行系统介绍,并做简要评论.

  17. Innovation in the strategies of Internationalization of Brazilian Multinationals: Evaluation of the Cultural National Dimensions: A Study Case of the Meat Processing Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Rovai

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article sketches the evolution of Brazilian multinational companies, from the perspective of the development of Latin-American multinational companies, with respect to the process of globalization. With this article, we looked to characterize the typical profile of these enterprises in agreement with the Dunning Model to confirm if this typology is adequate for the characterization of internationalization strategies. We also explored the Theory of the Cultural Dimensions of Hofstede. While doing this, we analyzed which model measures the strategic alignment and is more orientated in terms of: (i exploration of natural resources and advantages of costs of labor not qualified (resource seeking, advantages; (ii location and synergies of market (market seeking, investments; (iii search of strategic assets of the type efficiency seeking (for what they look to rationalize the production and to explore savings of specialization and location, investments; and (iv type of strategic asset seeking (turned to the acquisition of resources and competences with the objective to develop competitiveness through of the innovation and growth of strategic capacities. We also summarize the referential system that makes possible the development of future inquiries for the delineation of the principal strategies, of the public politics of the National States, and also the financial strategies of these enterprises. Keywords: Strategic innovation; Brazilian multinationals; foreign investment; globalization; Latin American multinationals and multinationals from emerging countries

  18. 生物安全是国家战略必需的生命工程%Biosecurity is a living-project essential to national strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑涛; 田德桥; 祖正虎; 朱联辉; 黄培堂; 沈倍奋

    2014-01-01

    该文通过对生物安全主要领域形势的分析,总结了生物安全有别于传统安全的3个典型特征,提出生物安全是国家的生命工程,有足够能力保障生物安全是成熟大国、世界强国的必要条件的观点。通过分析了美国发展生物安全的国家战略特征和基本做法,指出美国已经从国家层面建立了一套能力发展目标明确、政府机构职责清晰、法规战略相互衔接的生物安全发展规划与路线图。我国生物安全建设步入到了十字路口,危机与机遇并存,亟需确立生物安全的国家战略地位。%Based on situation assessment of the core areas of biosecurity , this paper summarizes three typical features of biosecurity that make it different from traditional safety , abd proposes that biosecurity be regarded as a living-project of a country .A mature and powerful country has to possess sufficient capacity to ensure biosecurity .This study also analyzes the national biosecurity strategyies and practices of the United States ,which has established a national-level capacity building strategy and roadmap with clear objectives ,specified the responsibilities of each federal agency , and regulations linked up with strategic planning .Biosecurity in China is at the crossroads where crisis coexists with opportunity , making it urgent to establish the national biosecurity strategy .

  19. The Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative (NEESPI): Organizational Strategy for Implementing the Multi-agency, Multi-national Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deering, D. W.; Georgiadi, A. G.; Isaev, A.

    2004-12-01

    In order to meet the major goals of many national and international programs of global change and carbon research, as well as many other global and regional scientific endeavors, an integrated, regional study of northern Eurasia that will systematically address potentially critical issues of the Earth system is concurrently being developed and implemented. NASA and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) have been collaborating toward the development of an internationally-supported Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative, or NEESPI. A NEESPI Science Plan has been produced, which prioritizes the key research that needs to be accomplished, and the next step has been to develop the organizational structures that will enable full international participation and implementation through partnership. Due to the size of Northern Eurasia and the scope of the multidisciplinary integration required at many levels, the expertise and support from many international sponsors is needed in order to achieve the comprehensive NEESPI objectives. This requires a project organizational structure that enables full voice and participation by many countries and many agencies (governmental, public and private). The study region encompasses many sovereign countries (e.g., Russia, China, Ukraine, Mongolia); and each has its own interests regarding participating with extra-nationals, and these must be understood and respected. Many countries outside of the host region have funded research programs and their own working relationships with the "host countries." The NEESPI intends to build upon these, not replace them. The overriding and guiding principals for the formal organizational structure are that at maturation of the project organization no one country, agency or organization or individual be in a position to dominate the development and implementation of the NEESPI. Rather, each having their own national, agency or other mandates and interests should desire to and work

  20. A European and Swedish perspective on ICT – policies and strategies in education. National and institutional pathways: crossings, blind alleys and uphill slopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrik Hansson

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at answering the following questions: 1. What general goals do politicians in Europe express in national policy documents for the integration of information and communication technology (ICT in their education systems? To develop that theme further we explored the situation in our own country Sweden as a case. 2. What policies and strategies for ICT in education do leaders of Swedish higher education institutions develop? 3. How do Swedish national priorities and academic institutional interests match? The globalisation of education forces different value systems to meet. There is on the national level highly different political values on what kind of education system to prefer – the Scandinavian model and the American model are two extremes. There are also very different values inherent in higher education institutions, the academia, - compared with the values and visions held by the political leaders. These value differences between and within countries are elaborated and discussed. A Swedish, Scandinavian and European perspective is adopted, but a wider international outlook is also given. It is suggested that the value conflicts, often not explicit, understood or recognised, are one of the major inhibitors for systemic change. The direction of change cannot be taken for granted – the driving forces pull in opposing directions. Different visions of the future struggle to be fulfilled.

  1. Improving Southeast Asian Security within the ASEAN Framework - Insurgencies and Counterinsurgencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-12

    Corporations GWOT Global War on Terror HN Host Nation IO Information Operations ix KALAHI Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan (Linking Arms Against Poverty...strategy, Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan (KALAHI or Linking Arms Against Poverty), by the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) to reduce poverty...20Decade.pdf/ (accessed 5 March 2009). 43 Veronica F. Villavicencio, ―Addressing Poverty: Kapit-bisig Laban sa Kahirapan (KALAHI) Realizing

  2. A world's dilemma 'upon which the sun never sets'. The nuclear waste management strategy. Western European nation states and the United States of America. Pt. II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanders, Mark Callis [Sanders Engineering, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Sanders, Charlotta E. [Nevada Univ., Las Vegas (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    2016-12-15

    The management of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and nuclear wastes demands a strategy to provide for the safe, secure, and permanent disposal of radioactive material from power generation, defense uses, and other activities. Nation states have taken different paths to nuclear waste management and are at various stages of the development of a nuclear waste management strategy. A strategy may include developing a geological repository, nuclear fuel reprocessing, interim storage, as well as discussions of the creation of a multinational storage facility. The paper provides an overview of the strategy used (or being developed) and its place within the legal framework. The paper concludes that though each nation state must look outward to its shared international obligations, there must also be an inward reflection of a nation state to its own traditions, customs, and legal/law making regimes.

  3. A world's dilemma upon which the sun never sets. The nuclear waste management strategy: Western European nation states and the United States of America. Part I of III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanders, Mark Callis [Sanders Engineering, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Sanders, Charlotta E. [Nevada Univ., Las Vegas (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    2016-11-15

    The management of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and nuclear wastes demands a strategy to provide for the safe, secure, and permanent disposal of radioactive material from power generation, defense uses, and other activities. Nation states have taken different paths to nuclear waste management and are at various stages of the development of a nuclear waste management strategy. A strategy may include developing a geological repository, nuclear fuel reprocessing, interim storage, as well as discussions of the creation of a multinational storage facility. The paper provides an overview of the strategy used (or being developed) and its place within the legal framework. The paper concludes that though each nation state must look outward to its shared international obligations, there must also be an inward reflection of a nation state to its own traditions, customs, and legal/law making regimes.

  4. Costing of National STI Program Implementation for the Global STI Control Strategy for the Health Sector, 2016-2021

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korenromp, Eline L.; Wi, Teodora; Resch, Stephen; Stover, John

    2017-01-01

    Introduction In 2016 the World Health Assembly adopted the global strategy on Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) 2016–2021 aiming to reduce curable STIs by 90% by 2030. We costed scaling-up priority interventions to coverage targets. Methods Strategy-targeted declines in Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum and Trichomonas vaginalis were applied to WHO-estimated regional burdens at 2012. Syndromic case management was costed for these curable STIs, symptomatic Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2), and non-STI vaginal syndromes, with incrementally expanding etiologic diagnosis. Service unit costs were multiplied with clinic attendances and people targeted for screening or prevention, by income tier. Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination and screening were costed for coverage increasing to 60% of 10-year-old girls for vaccination, and 60% of women 30–49 years for twice-lifetime screening (including clinical follow-up for positive screens), by 2021. Results Strategy implementation will cost an estimated US$ 18.1 billion over 2016–2021 in 117 low- and middle-income countries. Cost drivers are HPV vaccination ($3.26 billion) and screening ($3.69 billion), adolescent chlamydia screening ($2.54 billion), and antenatal syphilis screening ($1.4 billion). Clinical management—of 18 million genital ulcers, 29–39 million urethral discharges and 42–53 million vaginal discharges annually—will cost $3.0 billion, including $818 million for service delivery and $1.4 billion for gonorrhea and chlamydia testing. Global costs increase from $2.6 billion to $ 4.0 billion over 2016–2021, driven by HPV services scale-up, despite vaccine price reduction. Sub-Saharan Africa, bearing 40% of curable STI burdens, covers 44% of global service needs and 30% of cost, the Western Pacific 15% of burden/need and 26% of cost, South-East Asia 20% of burden/need and 18% of cost. Conclusions Costs of global STI control depend on price trends for HPV vaccines and

  5. Comparison of non-landslide sampling strategies to counteract inventory-based biases within national-scale statistical landslide susceptibility models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Pedro; Steger, Stefan; Glade, Thomas

    2017-04-01

    Landslides can represent a significant threat for people and infrastructure in hilly and mountainous landscapes worldwide. The understanding and prediction of those geomorphic processes is crucial to avoid economic loses or even casualties to people and their properties. Statistical based landslide susceptibility models are well known for being highly reliant on the quality, representativeness and availability of input data. In this context, several studies indicate that the landslide inventory represents the most important input data. However each landslide mapping technique or data collection has its drawbacks. Consequently, biased landslide inventories may be commonly introduced into statistical models, especially at regional or even national scale. It remains to the researcher to be aware of potential limitations and design strategies to avoid or reduce the potential propagation of input data errors and biases influences on the modelling outcomes. Previous studies have proven that such erroneous landslide inventories may lead to unrealistic landslide susceptibility maps. We assume that one possibility to tackle systematic landslide inventory-based biases might be a concentration on sampling strategies that focus on the distribution of non-landslide locations. For this purpose, we test an approach for the Austrian territory that concentrates on a modified non-landslide sampling strategy, instead the traditional applied random sampling. It is expected that the way non-landslide locations are represented (e.g. equally over the area or within those areas where mapping campaigns have been conducted) is important to reduce a potential over- or underestimation of landslide susceptibility within specific areas caused by bias. As presumably each landslide inventory is known to be systematically incomplete, especially in those areas where no mapping campaign was previously conducted. This is also applicable to the one currently available for the Austrian territory

  6. National surveys: a way to manage treatment strategies in Parkinson's disease? Pharmaceutical prescribing patterns and patient experiences of symptom control and their impact on disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skogar Ö

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Örjan Skogar,1,2 Mats Nilsson,1 Carl-Johan Törnhage,3 Johan Lökk2 1Futurum Health Care Academy, Jönköping, 2Institution of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, 3Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden Background: The purpose of this study was to draw conclusions from patient-reported experiences in two national surveys from Scandinavia with the intention of comparing treatment strategies and increasing our knowledge of factors that affect the experiences of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD. Methods: A total of 2000 individuals in Sweden and 1300 in Norway were invited to complete postal surveys covering PD-related issues. Patient experiences of diagnostic procedures, symptom control, and follow-up in PD and the effects on symptom-related quality of life were collected. Pharmaceutical prescription data on anti-PD drugs and administrative data were collected from national registries. Results: The surveys were completed by 1553 (78% of the Swedish cohort and 1244 (96% of the Norwegian cohort. Only small differences were seen in disease duration and age distribution. Statistically as well as clinically significant differences in symptom control, diagnostic, and follow-up procedures, as well as in pharmacological treatment and impact on quality of life, were found between the national cohorts independent of disease duration. Conclusion: Information from separate national surveys has the potential to increase our knowledge of patient experiences in PD and can be used to compare, evaluate, educate, and guide health care staff and administrators in optimizing health care for patients with the disease. Keywords: parkinson's disease, diagnosis, follow-up, pharmaceutical prescription, quality of life, survey

  7. Estimation of recreational value of Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka: A decision making strategy for natural resourcemanagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. M. W. Rathnayake

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Horton Plains National Park (HPNP is an area of high biodiversity and exceptional endemism receiving high visitation (166,613 visitors in 2009, both by local and foreigners. Although, tourism causes negative impacts on the environment, environmental valuation could be used for taking decisions on natural resources management. The study shows that the recreational value of HPNP is Rs. 51.68 million rupees per year, but the total economic value could be many times higher than this. Calculations showed the maximum revenue from the park could be obtained if the entrance fee is raised to Rs. 472.00. This may however reduce the present visitor number by 65%, but it will improve the total revenue of the park by 314 %. These differences strengthen the common argument by both officials and the public regarding insufficient allocation of man power and funds for natural resources management.

  8. Estimation of recreational value of Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka: A decision making strategy for natural resourcemanagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. M. W. Rathnayake

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Horton Plains National Park (HPNP is an area of high biodiversity and exceptional endemism receiving high visitation (166,613 visitors in 2009, both by local and foreigners. Although, tourism causes negative impacts on the environment, environmental valuation could be used for taking decisions on natural resources management. The study shows that the recreational value of HPNP is Rs. 51.68 million rupees per year, but the total economic value could be many times higher than this. Calculations showed the maximum revenue from the park could be obtained if the entrance fee is raised to Rs. 472.00. This may however reduce the present visitor number by 65%, but it will improve the total revenue of the park by 314 %.  These differences strengthen the common argument by both officials and the public regarding insufficient allocation of man power and funds for natural resources management.Key words: wildlife, recreational value, travel cost method

  9. Adaptive sampling strategy support for the unlined chromic acid pit, chemical waste landfill, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.L.

    1993-11-01

    Adaptive sampling programs offer substantial savings in time and money when assessing hazardous waste sites. Key to some of these savings is the ability to adapt a sampling program to the real-time data generated by an adaptive sampling program. This paper presents a two-prong approach to supporting adaptive sampling programs: a specialized object-oriented database/geographical information system (SitePlanner{trademark} ) for data fusion, management, and display and combined Bayesian/geostatistical methods (PLUME) for contamination-extent estimation and sample location selection. This approach is applied in a retrospective study of a subsurface chromium plume at Sandia National Laboratories` chemical waste landfill. Retrospective analyses suggest the potential for characterization cost savings on the order of 60% through a reduction in the number of sampling programs, total number of soil boreholes, and number of samples analyzed from each borehole.

  10. Role of Sample Processing Strategies at the European Union National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) Concerning the Analysis of Pesticide Residues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajeb, Parvaneh; Herrmann, Susan S; Poulsen, Mette E

    2017-07-19

    The guidance document SANTE 11945/2015 recommends that cereal samples be milled to a particle size preferably smaller than 1.0 mm and that extensive heating of the samples should be avoided. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the differences in milling procedures, obtained particle size distributions, and the resulting pesticide residue recovery when cereal samples were milled at the European Union National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) with their routine milling procedures. A total of 23 NRLs participated in the study. The oat and rye samples milled by each NRL were sent to the European Union Reference Laboratory on Cereals and Feedingstuff (EURL) for the determination of the particle size distribution and pesticide residue recovery. The results showed that the NRLs used several different brands and types of mills. Large variations in the particle size distributions and pesticide extraction efficiencies were observed even between samples milled by the same type of mill.

  11. Adaptive sampling strategy support for the unlined chromic acid pit, chemical waste landfill, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.L.

    1993-11-01

    Adaptive sampling programs offer substantial savings in time and money when assessing hazardous waste sites. Key to some of these savings is the ability to adapt a sampling program to the real-time data generated by an adaptive sampling program. This paper presents a two-prong approach to supporting adaptive sampling programs: a specialized object-oriented database/geographical information system (SitePlanner{trademark} ) for data fusion, management, and display and combined Bayesian/geostatistical methods (PLUME) for contamination-extent estimation and sample location selection. This approach is applied in a retrospective study of a subsurface chromium plume at Sandia National Laboratories` chemical waste landfill. Retrospective analyses suggest the potential for characterization cost savings on the order of 60% through a reduction in the number of sampling programs, total number of soil boreholes, and number of samples analyzed from each borehole.

  12. Clinical leadership development in postgraduate medical education and training: policy, strategy, and delivery in the UK National Health Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aggarwal R

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Reena Aggarwal,1,2 Tim Swanwick2 1Women's Health, Whittington Health, London, UK; 2Health Education England, North Central and East London, London, UK Abstract: Achieving high quality health care against a background of continual change, increasing demand, and shrinking financial resource is a major challenge. However, there is significant international evidence that when clinicians use their voices and values to engage with system delivery, operational efficiency and care outcomes are improved. In the UK National Health Service, the traditional divide between doctors and managers is being bridged, as clinical leadership is now foregrounded as an important organizational priority. There are 60,000 doctors in postgraduate training (junior doctors in the UK who provide the majority of front-line patient care and form an "operating core" of most health care organizations. This group of doctors is therefore seen as an important resource in initiating, championing, and delivering improvement in the quality of patient care. This paper provides a brief overview of leadership theories and constructs that have been used to develop a raft of interventions to develop leadership capability among junior doctors. We explore some of the approaches used, including competency frameworks, talent management, shared learning, clinical fellowships, and quality improvement. A new paradigm is identified as necessary to make a difference at a local level, which moves learning and leadership away from developing "leaders", to a more inclusive model of developing relationships between individuals within organizations. This shifts the emphasis from the development of a "heroic" individual leader to a more distributed model, where organizations are "leader-ful" and not just "well led" and leadership is centered on a shared vision owned by whole teams working on the frontline. Keywords: National Health Service, junior doctors, quality improvement, management, health care

  13. Using the World Health Organization's 4S-Framework to Strengthen National Strategies, Policies and Services to Address Mental Health Problems in Adolescents in Resource-Constrained Settings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cabral de Mello Meena

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Most adolescents live in resource-constrained countries and their mental health has been less well recognised than other aspects of their health. The World Health Organization's 4-S Framework provides a structure for national initiatives to improve adolescent health through: gathering and using strategic information; developing evidence-informed policies; scaling up provision and use of health services; and strengthening linkages with other government sectors. The aim of this paper is to discuss how the findings of a recent systematic review of mental health problems in adolescents in resource-constrained settings might be applied using the 4-S Framework. Method Analysis of the implications of the findings of a systematic search of the English-language literature for national strategies, policies, services and cross-sectoral linkages to improve the mental health of adolescents in resource-constrained settings. Results Data are available for only 33/112 [29%] resource-constrained countries, but in all where data are available, non-psychotic mental health problems in adolescents are identifiable, prevalent and associated with reduced quality of life, impaired participation and compromised development. In the absence of evidence about effective interventions in these settings expert opinion is that a broad public policy response which addresses direct strategies for prevention, early intervention and treatment; health service and health workforce requirements; social inclusion of marginalised groups of adolescents; and specific education is required. Specific endorsed strategies include public education, parent education, training for teachers and primary healthcare workers, psycho-educational curricula, identification through periodic screening of the most vulnerable and referral for care, and the availability of counsellors or other identified trained staff members in schools from whom adolescents can seek assistance for

  14. Computational strategies for national integration of phenotypic, genomic, and pedigree data in a single-step best linear unbiased prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legarra, A; Ducrocq, V

    2012-08-01

    The single-step genomic BLUP (SSGBLUP) is a method that can integrate pedigree and genotypes at molecular markers in an optimal way. However, its present form (regular SSGBLUP) has a high computational cost (cubic in the number of genotyped animals) and may need extensive rewriting of genetic evaluation software. In this work, we propose several strategies to implement the single step in a simpler manner. The first one expands the single-step mixed-model equations to obtain equivalent equations from which the regular (including pedigree and records only) mixed-model equations are a subset. These new equations (unsymmetric extended SSGBLUP) have low computational cost, but require a nonsymmetric solver such as the biconjugate gradient stabilized method or successive underrelaxation, which is a variant of successive overrelaxation, with a relaxation factor lower than 1. In addition, we show a new derivation of the single-step method, which includes, as an extra effect, deviations from strictly polygenic breeding values. As a result, the same set of equations as above is obtained. We show that, whereas the new derivation shows apparent problems of nonpositive definiteness for certain covariance matrices, a proper equivalent model including imaginary effects always exists, leading always to the regular SSGBLUP mixed model equations. The system of equations can be solved (iterative SSGBLUP) by iterating between a pedigree and records evaluation and a genomic evaluation (each one solved by any iterative or direct method), whereas global iteration can use a block version of successive underrelaxation, which ensures convergence. The genomic evaluation can explicitly include marker or haplotype effects and possibly involve nonlinear (e.g., Bayesian by Markov chain Monte Carlo) methods. In a simulated example with 28,800 individuals and 1,800 genotyped individuals, all methods converged quickly to the same solutions. Using existing efficient methods with limited memory

  15. A national strategy for a long-term monitoring of permafrost and periglacial processes and their relationship to natural hazard prevention in Austria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellerer-Pirklbauer, Andreas; Bartsch, Annett; Gitschthaler, Christoph; Reisenhofer, Stefan; Weyss, Gernot; Riedl, Claudia; Avian, Michael

    2016-04-01

    About 2.5% (~2000 km²) of the national territory of Austria is influenced by permafrost conditions. A slightly smaller area of Austria is additionally affected by deep seasonal frost which is, however, similarly exposed to intensive physical weathering and related geomorphic processes. Currently, 23 skiing resorts, 31 water reservoirs and 42 mountain huts are either directly or indirectly influenced by permafrost and associated processes in Austria as determined from regional permafrost models. Ground thermal changes most likely affect the ground stability and infrastructure in those areas. Therefore, changes in the distribution and characteristics of permafrost and seasonal frost are of high economic and ecological importance. A range of Austrian institutions are interested in systematic permafrost monitoring (several universities, geological surveys, the Austrian torrent and avalanche control agency or several different alpine clubs). However, to date no coordinated monitoring network has been established on a national scale and a strategy for long-term permafrost/periglacial observation did not exist so far. Such a national strategy has been developed in 2015 within the permAT project funded through the StartClim2014-program. During permAT an extensive literature review and data search as well as a workshop with 40 participants (scientists, stakeholder and policy maker) were accomplished. The workshop allowed the integration of national as well as international colleagues into the strategy development. Results of permAT clearly demonstrate that the number of present permafrost/periglacial monitoring sites is far too little in Austria. Only few alpine areas of Austria are well represented by the existing monitoring activities but large areas lack such instrumentations. Furthermore, permafrost boreholes exist at only three sites in central Austria (all contribution to the GTN-P network) and there is a lack of knowledge about thermal conditions and recent changes

  16. 中国新课程改革:创新、挑战与战略%China's New National Curriculum Reform: Innovation, challenges and strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    官群; 孟万金

    2007-01-01

    本文系统地论述了中国新课程改革,包括新课程改革的背景、起源、本质、目标、特征、发展、进程、执行,在小学、初中和高中课程的分布,新课程改革的成果、面临的挑战以及未来的战略.%This paper presents systematically China's New National Curriculum Reform (CNNCR). It covers the background, origin, essence, goals, features, evolvement, schedule, implementation, the alignment in primary, secondary and middle schools' curricula and inter-subjects, the outcomes and the challenges and strategies of CNNCR.

  17. Barriers and enablers of health promotion, prevention and early intervention in primary care: evidence to inform the Australian national dementia strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Travers, Catherine; Martin-Khan, Melinda; Lie, David

    2009-06-01

    A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to: (i) identify and summarise the research evidence regarding barriers and enablers of health promotion, prevention and early intervention (PPEI) in primary care to reduce the risk of chronic disease in the older population; and (ii) use this evidence to make recommendations to inform the Australian national dementia prevention strategy around the translation of evidence-based care into practice. PPEI activities in primary care have the potential to not only reduce the prevalence and impact of a number of chronic diseases, but may also prevent or slow the onset of dementia given the apparent overlap in risk factors. While sizeable gaps exist regarding the most effective ways to promote the adoption of these activities, limited evidence suggests that, to be effective, PPEI activities should be quick and easy to administer, have a sound rationale and be readily incorporated into existing work processes.

  18. Seasonal population density and winter survival strategies of endangered Kashmir gray langur (Semnopithecus ajax) in Dachigam National Park, Kashmir, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mir, Zaffar Rais; Noor, Athar; Habib, Bilal; Veeraswami, Gopi Govindan

    2015-01-01

    The population density of Kashmir gray langurs (Semnopithecus ajax) was studied in Dachigam National Park (DNP), Kashmir using distance sampling method. A total of 13 transects (1.5-2.5 km in length) were surveyed in the intensive study area (~90 km(2)) yielding 170 encounters in different seasons of the study period (2011-2013). Some aspects of behavior and feeding were also studied during the winter months (Dec-Feb) of 2012 and 2013 inside DNP. We used instantaneous scan sampling to collect behavioral data determining the time budget and diet of langurs in winter conditions. Results suggested that the density of Kashmir gray langurs varied marginally across seasons, with the highest density recorded during winter and lowest during summer season. Langurs spent most of their time in carrying out various social activities (34.32 %) and least in resting (18.41 %). Langurs fed upon 13 plant species (belonging to 12 families) and consumed a substantial proportion of bark (37.4 %) in their diet. We conclude that langur density is low in DNP as compared to other plain areas of the Indian subcontinent and langurs in DNP have balanced their time budget and diet so as to increase their chances of survival in the unfavorably cold and food scarce winter conditions.

  19. Independent Evaluation of the integrated Community Case Management of Childhood Illness Strategy in Malawi Using a National Evaluation Platform Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amouzou, Agbessi; Kanyuka, Mercy; Hazel, Elizabeth; Heidkamp, Rebecca; Marsh, Andrew; Mleme, Tiope; Munthali, Spy; Park, Lois; Banda, Benjamin; Moulton, Lawrence H; Black, Robert E; Hill, Kenneth; Perin, Jamie; Victora, Cesar G; Bryce, Jennifer

    2016-03-01

    We evaluated the impact of integrated community case management of childhood illness (iCCM) on careseeking for childhood illness and child mortality in Malawi, using a National Evaluation Platform dose-response design with 27 districts as units of analysis. "Dose" variables included density of iCCM providers, drug availability, and supervision, measured through a cross-sectional cellular telephone survey of all iCCM-trained providers. "Response" variables were changes between 2010 and 2014 in careseeking and mortality in children aged 2-59 months, measured through household surveys. iCCM implementation strength was not associated with changes in careseeking or mortality. There were fewer than one iCCM-ready provider per 1,000 under-five children per district. About 70% of sick children were taken outside the home for care in both 2010 and 2014. Careseeking from iCCM providers increased over time from about 2% to 10%; careseeking from other providers fell by a similar amount. Likely contributors to the failure to find impact include low density of iCCM providers, geographic targeting of iCCM to "hard-to-reach" areas although women did not identify distance from a provider as a barrier to health care, and displacement of facility careseeking by iCCM careseeking. This suggests that targeting iCCM solely based on geographic barriers may need to be reconsidered.

  20. An Analysis to Strategy of Pulse Research in Iran Based Upon the First National Pulse Symposium Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    abdolreza bagheri

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Pulse, as the second source of human nutrition, benefits from great agronomic and nutritious features. These plants are amongst the most important crops which are full of protein and are widely cultivated all over the world; having the ability to adapt to different climate measures ranging from mild to hot and from moist to very dry. The other noteworthy trait of these crops is their talent to coexist with nitrogen fixation bacteria available in the soil which plays an important role in soil fertility and sustainability. For the previously mentioned reasons and many more, pulses have been extensive fields of research. With the substitution of legumes with fallow in the wheat-fallow agricultural system, great success in product stability has been gained. Having emphasized on the importance of the issue, the first national pulse symposium with the aim of investigating the opportunities and threats facing the development of pulse in Iran was held on 20-21 Nov. 2005 in the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad at the Research Center of Plant Sciences in collaboration with many scientific, research and administrative institutions. This paper aims at sketching the overview of the strategic research direction in Iran by analyzing the published papers presented in this conference and will provide the key points mentioned in the final conference manifestation.

  1. Ethnic differences in the presentation, treatment strategy, and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (a report from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Dynamic Registry).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, James; Selzer, Faith; Dorbala, Sharmila; Tormey, Deborah; Vlachos, Helen A; Wilensky, Robert L; Jacobs, Alice K; Laskey, Warren K; Douglas, John S; Williams, David O; Kelsey, Sheryl F

    2003-10-01

    Information about the impact of race/ethnicity on adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the modern era is limited. Using consecutive patients from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Dynamic Registry, this study investigated differences in clinical presentation, treatment strategy, and acute and long-term outcomes in 3,669 white, 446 black, 301 Hispanic, and 201 Asian patients who underwent PCI. All comparisons were made to whites. Blacks were more likely than whites to be younger, women, and to present with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, and smoking). Hispanics tended to be younger, hypertensive, diabetic, and to be undergoing their first cardiovascular procedure. Asians were, on average, younger, men, and presented more often with hypertension and diabetes than whites. Although the rate of stent implantation was significantly lower in blacks compared with whites (63% vs 74%, p or =95%) and did not differ by race/ethnicity. In-hospital mortality (0.2% vs 1.7%, p presentation, angiographic characteristics and treatment strategies did not impact the incidence of acute and 1-year adverse outcomes of non-whites, there appears to be a significant reduction in event-free survival among blacks by 2 years.

  2. Efficiency of S&P CNX Nifty Index Option of the National Stock Exchange (NSE, India, using Box Spread Arbitrage Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. P. Girish

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Box spread is a trading strategy in which one simultaneously buys and sells options having the same underlying asset and time to expiration, but different exercise prices. This study examined the efficiency of European style S&P CNX Nifty Index options of National Stock Exchange, (NSE India by making use of high-frequency data on put and call options written on Nifty (Time-stamped transactions data for the time period between 1st January 2002 and 31st December 2005 using box-spread arbitrage strategy. The advantages of box-spreads include reduced joint hypothesis problem since there is no consideration of pricing model or market equilibrium, no consideration of inter-market non-synchronicity since trading box spreads involve only one market, computational simplicity with less chances of mis-specification error, estimation error and the fact that buying and selling box spreads more or less replicates risk-free lending and borrowing. One thousand three hundreds and fifty eight exercisable box-spreads were found for the time period considered of which 78 Box spreads were found to be profitable after incorporating transaction costs (32 profitable box spreads were identified for the year 2002, 19 in 2003, 14 in 2004 and 13 in 2005 The results of our study suggest that internal option market efficiency has improved over the years for S&P CNX Nifty Index options of NSE India.

  3. Shifting Resources and Focus to Meet the Goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy: The Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning Project, 2010-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Stephen A; Purcell, David W; Fisher, Holly H; Belcher, Lisa; Carey, James W; Courtenay-Quirk, Cari; Dunbar, Erica; Eke, Agatha N; Galindo, Carla A; Glassman, Marlene; Margolis, Andrew D; Neumann, Mary Spink; Prather, Cynthia; Stratford, Dale; Taylor, Raekiela D; Mermin, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    In September 2010, CDC launched the Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning (ECHPP) project to shift HIV-related activities to meet goals of the 2010 National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS). Twelve health departments in cities with high AIDS burden participated. These 12 grantees submitted plans detailing jurisdiction-level goals, strategies, and objectives for HIV prevention and care activities. We reviewed plans to identify themes in the planning process and initial implementation. Planning themes included data integration, broad engagement of partners, and resource allocation modeling. Implementation themes included organizational change, building partnerships, enhancing data use, developing protocols and policies, and providing training and technical assistance for new and expanded activities. Pilot programs also allowed grantees to assess the feasibility of large-scale implementation. These findings indicate that health departments in areas hardest hit by HIV are shifting their HIV prevention and care programs to increase local impact. Examples from ECHPP will be of interest to other health departments as they work toward meeting the NHAS goals.

  4. The rate of radon remediation in Ireland 2011-2015: Establishing a base line rate for Ireland's National Radon Control Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowdall, A; Fenton, D; Rafferty, B

    2016-10-01

    Radon is the greatest source of radiation exposure to the public. In Ireland, it is estimated that approximately 7% of the national housing stock have radon concentrations above the Reference Level of 200 Bq m(-3). A radon test can be carried out to identify homes with radon levels above the Reference Level. However there is no health benefit associated with radon testing unless it leads to remediation. Surveys to establish the rate of remediation in Ireland, that is the proportion of householders who having found levels of radon above the Reference Level proceed to carry out remediation work have been carried out in 2011 and 2013. Reasons for not carrying out remediation work were also investigated. In 2015 the survey was repeated to establish the current rate of remediation and reasons for not remediating. This report presents the results of that survey. It also compiles the data from all three surveys to identify any trends over time. The rate of remediation is an important parameter in estimating the effectiveness of programmes aimed at reducing radon levels. Currently the rate of remediation is 22% and the main reasons householders gave for not remediating were not certain there is a serious risk and concern about the cost of the work. In Ireland, this figure of 22% will be now used as a baseline metric against which the effectiveness of its National Radon Control Strategy will be measured over time. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. 国立科研机构的战略地图与其绩效评估体系研究%Strategy maps and performance measures for national research institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张大群; 杨国梁; 李晓轩

    2011-01-01

    在探讨科研活动一般规律的基础上,提出关于国立科研机构的战略地图,使科研管理者可以更为清晰、准确和逻辑严密地描述组织自身的发展战略。在此基础上,文章以某国立研究所为例,分析提出此研究所的战略地图,并根据其战略地图系统地产生其绩效评估指标体系,使科研管理中可以将战略转化为具体的行动举措,为国立科研机构绩效评估提供了一条新的思路。%This paper aims to propose a generic strategy map for national research institutes so that managers in research institutes can describe their organizational strategies of research organizations in a more logical manner.Furthermore,by using the strategy maps,managers can communicate the organizational strategies with individual researchers clearly,and thus implement their strategies effectively.To demonstrate the practical use of our strategy maps,we investigate a national research institute in China to customize our generic strategy maps to its own strategy maps,and show how managers can convert their strategies into specific goals and actions.Based on these specific goals and actions,we further develop a performance measurement system for the institute so that the managers can control the implementation of their organizational strategy.Therefore,this paper also sheds light on the development of performance measurement systems for National Research Institutes.

  6. International Engagement Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-14

    INTERNATIONAL ENGAGEMENT STRATEGY STATEMENT OF PURPOSE The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T... International Engagement Strategy is intended to establish clear goals and objectives to guide S&T’s international cooperative research, development... International Engagement Strategy, the 2015 White House National Security Strategy, the 2014 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review, and the DHS Fiscal

  7. Racial/Ethnic Differences in Weight-Loss Strategies among US Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquez, Becky; Murillo, Rosenda

    2017-06-01

    Dieting, exercising, and seeking professional help have been associated with intentional weight loss among adults. This study examined the use of diet (eg, ate less, ate less fat, or switched to low-calorie foods), exercise, diet and exercise, and professional help (eg, weight-loss program or prescribed diet pills) for weight loss among non-Hispanic whites, Mexican Americans, and non-Hispanic blacks. Cross-sectional data from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. Males and females (n=9,046) aged 20 to 65 years were included. The weight history questionnaire assessed weight-loss attempts and use of weight-loss strategies in the past year. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate associations of race/ethnicity with strategies to lose weight. Models controlled for age, sex, education, and body mass index. In fully adjusted models, interactions of race/ethnicity by sex were tested. Lower proportions of Mexican Americans (35%) and non-Hispanic blacks (35%) than non-Hispanic whites (39%) reported trying to lose weight. Among those who tried to lose weight, non-Hispanic blacks were less likely than non-Hispanic whites to use diet (odds ratio [OR] 0.78, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.90) or exercise (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.70 to 0.99) for weight loss. Mexican Americans (OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.53 to 0.95) and non-Hispanic blacks (OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.52 to 0.95) were also less likely than non-Hispanic whites to use professional help for weight loss. The relationships between race/ethnicity and weight-loss strategy were stronger for females than males. Targeted efforts are needed to address racial/ethnic disparities in weight-loss attempts and use of recommended strategies especially among females. Copyright © 2017 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Assessment of national strategies for control of high-pathogenicity avian influenza and low-pathogenicity notifiable avian influenza in poultry, with emphasis on vaccines and vaccination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swayne, D E; Pavade, G; Hamilton, K; Vallat, B; Miyagishima, K

    2011-12-01

    Twenty-nine distinct epizootics of high-pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) have occurred since 1959. The H5N1 HPAI panzootic affecting Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe has been the largest among these, affecting poultry and/or wild birds in 63 countries. A stamping-out programme achieved eradication in 24 of these epizootics (and is close to achieving eradication in the current H5N2 epizootic in South African ostriches), but vaccination was added to the control programmes in four epizootics when stamping out alone was not effective. During the 2002 to 2010 period, more than 113 billion doses of avian influenza (AI) vaccine were used in at-risk national poultry populations of over 131 billion birds. At two to three doses per bird for the 15 vaccinating countries, the average national vaccination coverage rate was 41.9% and the global AI vaccine coverage rate was 10.9% for all poultry. The highest national coverage rate was nearly 100% for poultry in Hong Kong and the lowest national coverage was less than 0.01% for poultry in Israel and The Netherlands. Inactivated AI vaccines accounted for 95.5% and live recombinant virus vaccines for 4.5% of the vaccines used. Most of these vaccines were used in the H5N1 HPAI panzootic, with more than 99% employed in the People's Republic of China, Egypt, Indonesia and Vietnam. Implementation of vaccination in these four countries occurred after H5N1 HPAI became enzootic in domestic poultry and vaccination did not result in the enzootic infections. Vaccine usage prevented clinical disease and mortality in chickens, and maintained rural livelihoods and food security during HPAI outbreaks. Low-pathogenicity notifiable avian influenza (LPNAI) became reportable to the World Organisation for Animal Health in 2006 because some H5 and H7 low-pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) viruses have the potential to mutate to HPAI viruses. Fewer outbreaks of LPNAI have been reported than of HPAI and only six countries used vaccine in control

  9. Measuring Consistent Poverty in Ireland with EU SILC Data

    OpenAIRE

    Whelan, Christopher T.; Nolan, Brian; Maitre, Bertrand

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we seek to make use of the newly available Irish component of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) in order to develop a measure of consistent poverty that overcomes some of the difficulties associated with the original indicators employed as targets in the Irish National Anti-Poverty Strategy. Our analysis leads us to propose a set of economic strain indicators that cover a broader range than the original basic deprivation set. The accumulated...

  10. New Collaborative Strategies for Bringing the Geosciences to Students, Teachers, and the Public: Progress and Opportunities from the National Earth Science Teachers Association and Windows to the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, R. M.; Herrold, A.; Holzer, M. A.; Passow, M. J.

    2010-12-01

    The geoscience research and education community is interested in developing scalable and effective user-friendly strategies for reaching the public, students and educators with information about the Earth and space sciences. Based on experience developed over the past decade with education and outreach programs seeking to reach these populations, there is a growing consensus that this will be best achieved through collaboration, leveraging the resources and networks already in existence. While it is clear that gifted researchers and developers can create wonderful online educational resources, many programs have been stymied by the difficulty of attracting an audience to these resources. The National Earth Science Teachers Association (NESTA) has undertaken an exciting new project, with support from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, that provides a new platform for the geoscience education and research community to share their research, resources, programs, products and services with a wider audience. In April 2010, the Windows to the Universe project (http://windows2universe.org) moved from the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research to NESTA. Windows to the Universe, which started in 1995 at the University of Michigan, is one of the most popular Earth and space science education websites globally, with over 16 million visits annually. The objective of this move is to develop a suite of new opportunities and capabilities on the website that will allow it become a sustainable education and outreach platform for the geoscience research and education community hosting open educational resources. This presentation will provide an update on our progress, highlighting our new strategies, synergies with community needs, and opportunities for collaboration.

  11. HIV care visits and time to viral suppression, 19 U.S. jurisdictions, and implications for treatment, prevention and the national HIV/AIDS strategy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Irene Hall

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Early and regular care and treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection are associated with viral suppression, reductions in transmission risk and improved health outcomes for persons with HIV. We determined, on a population level, the association of care visits with time from HIV diagnosis to viral suppression. METHODS: Using data from 19 areas reporting HIV-related tests to national HIV surveillance, we determined time from diagnosis to viral suppression among 17,028 persons diagnosed with HIV during 2009, followed through December 2011, using data reported through December 2012. Using Cox proportional hazards models, we assessed factors associated with viral suppression, including linkage to care within 3 months of diagnosis, a goal set forth by the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, and number of HIV care visits as determined by CD4 and viral load test results, while controlling for demographic, clinical, and risk characteristics. RESULTS: Of 17,028 persons diagnosed with HIV during 2009 in the 19 areas, 76.6% were linked to care within 3 months of diagnosis and 57.0% had a suppressed viral load during the observation period. Median time from diagnosis to viral suppression was 19 months overall, and 8 months among persons with an initial CD4 count ≤ 350 cells/µL. During the first 12 months after diagnosis, persons linked to care within 3 months experienced shorter times to viral suppression (higher rate of viral suppression per unit time, hazard ratio [HR] = 4.84 versus not linked within 3 months; 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.27, 5.48. Persons with a higher number of time-updated care visits also experienced a shorter time to viral suppression (HR = 1.51 per additional visit, 95% CI 1.49, 1.52. CONCLUSIONS: Timely linkage to care and greater frequency of care visits were associated with faster time to viral suppression with implications for individual health outcomes and for secondary prevention.

  12. Framework for a Risk-Informed Groundwater Compliance Strategy for Corrective Action Unit 98: Frenchman Flat, Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada, Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marutzky, Sam

    2010-09-01

    Note: This document was prepared before the NTS was renamed the Nevada National Security Site (August 23, 2010); thus, all references to the site herein remain NTS. Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 98, Frenchman Flat, at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) was the location of ten underground nuclear tests between 1965 and 1971. As a result, radionuclides were released in the subsurface in the vicinity of the test cavities. Corrective Action Unit 98 and other CAUs at the NTS and offsite locations are being investigated. The Frenchman Flat CAU is one of five Underground Test Area (UGTA) CAUs at the NTS that are being evaluated as potential sources of local or regional impact to groundwater resources. For UGTA sites, including Frenchman Flat, contamination in and around the test cavities will not be remediated because it is technologically infeasible due to the depth of the test cavities (150 to 2,000 feet [ft] below ground surface) and the volume of contaminated groundwater at widely dispersed locations on the NTS. Instead, the compliance strategy for these sites is to model contaminant flow and transport, estimate the maximum spatial extent and volume of contaminated groundwater (over a period of 1,000 years), maintain institutional controls, and restrict access to potentially contaminated groundwater at areas where contaminants could migrate beyond the NTS boundaries.

  13. 2007 National Money Laundering Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-16

    teenagers, the unbanked , adults unable to qualify for a credit card, and immigrants sending cash to family outside the country. The unbanked in the...payments, and even payroll. Issuers see the greatest fee potential, however, among the unbanked , who, by using the cards in place of cash and money...Cards can be used at ATM & PO S 0 Unbanked w orkers w ho are beng pad by cash or check Fee ncom e (low er cost to em ployer) Fraudulent bus

  14. National Strategies for Addressing Climate Change Via Methane Emissions%甲烷排放与应对气候变化国家战略探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张博; 陈国谦; 陈彬

    2012-01-01

    甲烷的全球变暖潜势是二氧化碳的72倍(20年水平),但其在大气中的寿命短于二氧化碳,可以作为优先减排对象.中国的甲烷排放十分突出,甲烷减排在应对气候变化国家战略中具有重要的基础性地位,然而在政策研究中,甲烷受到的关注程度远低于二氧化碳.本文基于甲烷排放研究的相关进展,首次系统性地论述了中国甲烷排放与应对气候变化国家战略之间的关系.主要结论是:甲烷排放的有效控制和减缓可以成为中国温室气体减排的重要组成部分,甲烷等温室气体的减排战略要用“系统减排”思路替代传统的“末端减排”思路;甲烷系统减排的策略和实施措施不仅需要重视主要排放部门(如煤炭开采与洗选业,农业)的直接末端减排,更需要突出强调建设活动、城市消费、资本投资和出口贸易等消费端的间接体现减排;在国际气候谈判中通过纳入甲烷排放,可以至少在五个方面丰富和支撑中国的国家立场,如从承诺“单位GDP二氧化碳减排”向承诺“单位GDP温室气体减排”转变.%Methane (CH4) is a potent greenhouse gas with the global warming potential 72 times greater than that of CO2 over a horizon of 20 years, though it remains in the atmosphere for a much shorter period. Stabilizing methane emissions as a potential policy target can dramatically contribute to greenhouse gas reduction in the near-term. Methane emission in China is remarkably important, which plays an important role in the making of national strategies for addressing climate change. In contrast with the ever-increasing focus for China's CO2 emission, policy research on CH4 emission receives relatively little attention. This study represents the first comprehensive effort to assess China's national strategies for addressing climate change by considering CH4 emission systematically based on the recent research progress. The main conclusions are as

  15. Recuiting, Advertising and Marketing Strategies in All-Volunteer Force Nations: Case Studies of Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    reduce processing time. IV. DEVELOPMENT OF RECRUITING AND MARKETING STRATEGY This study examines the process of developing recruiting and marketing...generally not all of the components. The CF recruit marketing strategy , “Canadian Forces Recruiting Strategic Level Guidance on Winning the War for...Overarching Personnel Plan RN Recruit Marketing Strategy As prescribed by RN Recruit Marketing Strategy United States CNO Strategic Initiatives

  16. Historical Evolution of Russia’s National Security Strategy%俄罗斯国家安全战略的历史演进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆齐华

    2016-01-01

    沙皇俄国扩张政策中所表现出来的地理特征、倾向和观念等都具有历史的延续性,是基于对领土和霸权的攫取,使沙皇俄国能够利用所得领土和霸权来争取更大的优势。从地缘战略角度看,苏联比美国在欧洲占有较大的优势,然而,随着冷战结束、东欧剧变,特别是苏联解体,俄罗斯的这种地缘战略优势不复存在。一如既往,谋求在周边地区建立“缓冲区”仍为俄罗斯的重要战略目标。伴随着国际形势的发展变化,俄罗斯的国家安全战略展示了捍卫主权、独立、国家和领土完整的能力,在解决重大国际问题、调解国家间冲突和危机中发挥着越来越大的作用。毫无疑问,俄罗斯的安全战略走向将对欧洲的安全产生重大而深远的影响。%The geographic features, tendency and concepts presented in the expansion policy of Tsarist Russia all have the historical continuity. Based on the seizure for territory and hegemony, the Tsarist Russia can strive for greater advantages with the territory and hegemony. From the perspective of geostrategy, the Soviet Union has greater advantages in Europe compared to America;however, along with the end of the Cold War and the Fall of Communism, especially after the collapse of Soviet Union, the geostrategic advantages of Russia did not exist anymore. As always, seeking for establishing“buffer area”in the neighboring district is still the important strategic objective of Russia. As the international situations develop and change, the national security strategy of Russia presents its abilities in defending sovereignty, independence, national and territory integrity, and it plays greater and greater role in solving the major international problems and mediating the conflicts and crises among countries. Beyond no doubt, the security strategy of Russia has posed important and far reaching influences on the security of Europe.

  17. Study on Japan’s National Ocean Strategy and Change of Arctic Geopolitical Structure%日本海洋国家战略与北极地缘政治格局演变研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振福; 何弘毅

    2016-01-01

    Japan’s National Ocean Strategy has gone through an expanding-shrinking-re-expanding devel-opment phase.In view of the resources,environment,strategic and economic value in Arctic area,Japa-nese government has positively participated in Arctic affairs and pursued the Arctic benefits under the frame of national ocean strategy.The strong intervention towards Arctic affairs made by Japanese govern-ment may cause a significant change in Arctic Geopolitical Structure.This paper analyzes the development process and the future trend of the Japanese national ocean strategy,and draws a conclusion that the Japa-nese national ocean strategy is mainly influenced by the nation identification of Japan (to be a marine na-tion or continental nation),the geopolitical pattern of East Asia,and the marine super power-US.This pa-per also reflects that the Japanese national ocean strategy will show a tendency of expansion in the future. Then,this paper analyzes how Arctic geopolitical structure will influence Japan's national ocean strategy and the trend of the changes of Japan’s national ocean strategy in the future,puts forward that Japan will restrict China in developing Arctic engagement strategy,having better diplomatic relations with Russia and enhancing its military force.Finally,studying the change of the Arctic Geopolitical Structure should be based on the standing points of China,US,Russia,Japan.%日本的海洋战略经历了扩张———收缩———再扩张的发展阶段。出于对北极地区的资源、环境、战略价值、经济价值的多方面考量,日本政府近年在海洋国家战略框架下积极参与北极事务,谋求北极权益。日本对北极事务介入力度的加强,也将引起北极地缘政治格局的较大变化。文章首先分析了日本国家海洋战略的发展历程以及未来趋势,指出日本的海洋战略主要受其国家身份认知(发展成为海洋国家或是大陆国家)、东亚大陆地缘政治格

  18. 火石寨国家地质公园旅游开发策略分析%Analysis on Tourism Development Strategy of Huoshizhai National Geography Park

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗如菊

    2016-01-01

    The tourism resources in Huoshizhai National geological park mainly including Danxia landform geological relic resources,unique ecological landscape and cultural landscape. Introduces the park's geological background and analyzes the geological tourism resources, points out some current problems, which make a low tourism level. Such as low level planning, drab tourist product, lacking of marketing promotion. Aiming at the above problems, put forward a series of development strategies, in terms of planning mainly focus on science and technology culture and experience-based tourism creative tourism, and at the same time strengthen the construction of the scenic area management, integrate the tourism resources, abundant tourism product design, innovate the marketing planning promotion and protection.%火石寨国家地质公园的旅游资源,以丹霞地貌地质遗迹资源为主,兼具独特的生态景观和人文景观,介绍了丹霞地貌形成的地质背景,分析了旅游资源,指出现状旅游存在规划策划水平低、旅游产品单调、营销推广不到位等问题,使得景区旅游层次低、品位不够。针对上述问题,提出了一系列开发对策,强调在规划策划方面突出科技文化体验式旅游和创意旅游、同时要加强景区建设管理、整合旅游资源、丰富旅游产品设计和线路规划、创新旅游市场营销方式和地质公园保护。

  19. The difficulties of the Qinghai poverty alleviation and development and the strategy exploration%青海扶贫开发的难点与战略探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景芳

    2013-01-01

    反贫困是现代社会面临的重大课题。青海的贫困源于能力贫困,扶贫的难点在于贫困人口的劳动能力无法保持可持续发展。单纯依靠物质资本投资的“输血”型扶贫战略无法从根本上解决青海的贫困问题。确立能使贫困者的脱贫能力持续增长的“造血型”战略是青海扶贫开发的理性选择。%Anti poverty is a major issue of modern society.The poverty of Qinghai is due to the lack of ability.The difficulty of poverty alleviation is that the labor ability of the poor can not keep sustainable development.Poverty alleviation strategy relying on physical capital investment---“transfusion blood”type can not fundamentally solve the problem of poverty in Qinghai.The“blood type”strategy that can certainly make the poverty reduction ability of the poor constantly increase is the rational choice for poverty alleviation and development of Qinghai.

  20. Evaluation of the Danish national strategy for selective use of colonoscopy in symptomatic outpatients without known risk factors for colorectal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Niels Chr.; Tøttrup, Anders; Sørensen, Henrik Toft;

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: A diagnostic strategy implemented in Denmark in 2002 recommends selective use of colonoscopy in outpatients without known colorectal cancer (CRC) risk factors who are referred with symptoms consistent with possible CRC. Selection of patients for colonoscopy was based on the presenting...... recorded. Missed CRCs were identified by follow-up in hospital discharge registries. RESULTS: CRC was diagnosed in 126 (5.3%; 95% CI: 4.5-6.3%) of the 2361 patients included during the diagnostic work-up. Two additional cancers identified at follow-up were both missed during colonoscopy (1.5%; 95% CI: 0.......2-5.4%). The adherence to the strategy was 75.7%, and 125 of the 126 patients with a CRC were examined in conformity with the recommended strategy. Almost 60% of the patients underwent colonoscopy and almost 50% underwent both flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic strategy is an acceptable...

  1. Government as Anti-Poverty Facilitator in the USA: Static Inequality Gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musgrave, Frank W.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores issues of persistent poverty and income inequality. The major focus is that of the alleviation of poverty. Is there a framework that delineates the roles for government, market forces and self-reliance that can effect a reduction in the level of poverty? The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act…

  2. Social Security: The Most Important Anti-Poverty Program for Children

    OpenAIRE

    Heather Boushey

    2005-01-01

    This report finds that more low-income children live in families that receive a Social Security check than in families that receive a check from the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program. The study analyzed data from the Survey on Income and Program Participation (SIPP).

  3. Strategies for national health care systems in emerging countries: the case of screening and prevention of renal disease progression in Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perico, Norberto; Plata, Raul; Anabaya, Agustina; Codreanu, Igor; Schieppati, Arrigo; Ruggenenti, Piero; Remuzzi, Giuseppe

    2005-08-01

    There are close to 1 million people in the world who are alive simply because they have access to one form or another of renal replacement therapy (RRT). Ninety percent live in high-income countries. Little is known of prevalence and incidence of chronic kidney disease and of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in middle-income and low-income countries, where the use of RRT is scarce or nonexistent. However, no intervention is undertaken, these people will experience progression to ESRD and death from uremia, because RRT is out of reach for them. These are the individuals for whom efforts should be focused to prevent or delay progression toward ESRD. In 1992, the Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research in Bergamo, Italy, with the cooperation of the young doctors of the Ospedale Giovanni XXIII in La Paz (Bolivia), activated a specific project titled "El Proyecto de Enfermedades Renales en Bolivia" (The Project for Renal Diseases in Bolivia). The project sought to demonstrate that in emerging countries the best strategies against renal disease are prevention and early detection. After proper training of local personnel at the Clinical Research Center "Aldo e Cele Dacco" of the Mario Negri Institute in Bergamo, Italy, an educational campaign titled "First Clinical and Epidemiological Program of Renal Diseases"-under the auspices of the Renal Sister Center Program of the International Society of Nephrology-was conducted in 3 selected areas of Bolivia, including tropical, valley, and plains areas. The goal was to define the frequency of asymptomatic renal disease in these areas by screening a large population of patients at relatively low costs. The screening was formally performed at first-level health centers (Unidad de Salud). Participants were instructed to void a clean urine specimen, and a dipstick test was performed. Patients with positive urinalysis were enrolled in a follow-up program with subsequent laboratory and clinical checks. The study was conducted

  4. SHAPING COURSE.The Development of the Strategy for the e-Depot of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek,National Library of the Netherlands,in a National and International Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E.S.VAN EIJCK VAN HESLINGA

    2008-01-01

    Operating an international archive for digital information resources by a relatively small organization as the Koninklijke Bibliotheek(KB)asks for a firm foundation of its policy.Continuing research and development efforts to secure permanent preservation and acctess to electronic information on a national and international scale require substantial financial,technical and staffing commitments.Cooperation in sharing resources and knowledge is called for.In the national context ofthe Netherlands the KB recently took the initiative to build the National Digital Preservation Coalition.All relevant sectors of Dutch society are represented.Its aim is to develop a national infrastructure and to assign clear responsibilities.In the European arena the KB,together with the British Library,started the European Alliance for Permanent Access to the Records of Science.The Alliance works towards the widespread and joint responsibility for maintaining the records of science by all major stakeholders,including national governments and the EU.In the global context the KB developed the concept of the"Safe Places Network".This Network will include a limited number of institutions with ceaified digital archives for scientific publications,sharing responsibility for complete,world-wide coverage and allocate tasks accordingly.

  5. 高校参与国防科研的问题与对策%Problems and Strategy for Universities to Participate in the National Defense Scientific Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘征; 田永常; 吕世峰; 岳晓玲

    2011-01-01

    Universities are scientific and technological innovation and basic research base,they play important roles in national defense scientific research.However,the participation in national defense scientific research remains many problems to be solved urgently.This article in view of the university to participate in national defense scientific research problems,analysis of one by one,the corresponding countermeasures were put forward,finally introduced the work and effectiveness of China University of Geosciences(Wuhan) in the national defense scientific research.The author hopes it draw lessons from a meaning for China's universities to participate in the national defense scientific research.%高校是科技创新和基础研究的基地,在国家国防科研中发挥了重要作用。然而高校在参与国防科研中存在着许多突出问题。本文针对高校参与国防科研存在的问题,逐一分析,提出了相应的对策。最后介绍了中国地质大学(武汉)在国防科研方面已开展的工作及其成效,以期能对我国高校参与国防科研带来借鉴意义。

  6. 基于霍尔模型的大数据战略实施体系构建%The Implementation of National Big Data Strategy Based on Hall' s Three-dimensional Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李信

    2016-01-01

    By using Hal ' s three-dimensional structure model, we construct the"three points support one point"framework for the implementation of national big data strategy in China. From the time dimension, the implementation is divided into three stages. In every stage four logical steps should be fol owed and related knowledge and capabilities should be equipped. Also, we discussed the relationship and interaction between the three main bodies of the implementation of national big data strategy by constructing"Three Main Bodies"relationship model of government, enterprises and universities or research institutions, to provide a reference for the implementation of the national big data strategy.%本文梳理大数据战略实施存在的主要问题,在此基础上,以霍尔模型为理论基础,提出大数据战略实施的“三点撑一”框架和三维空间模型,从时间维度上将大数据战略实施分为三个阶段,明确各个时间阶段中应遵循的四个逻辑步骤和所必须配备的知识与能力;并构建大数据战略的“三元主体”关系模型,探讨政府、企业与高校及科研机构三大主体在大数据战略实施中的相互关系与权责划分,以期为大数据战略的实施提供些许参考和借鉴。

  7. The Research on the implementation of National Intellectual Property Strategy Under Scientific Outlook on Development%科学发展观与国家知识产权战略实施机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德桥

    2012-01-01

    国家知识产权战略的实施应该坚持以科学发展观为指导。国家知识产权战略的实施机制可以划分为战略层面、内部运行机制层面和外部环境层面。战略层面主要解决的是国家知识产权战略的根本目的、基本手段和宏观定位的问题。内部运行机制层面重点关注知识产权的创造、运用、管理和保护的制度建设。知识产权人才的培养、市场经济的完善和知识产权文化的培育是国家知识产权战略推进实施不可或缺的外部环境。%The implementation of the national intellectual property strategy should adhere to the guidance of scientific outlook on development. The implementation mechanism of the National Intellectual Property Strategy can be divided into strategic level, the internal operational level and external environmental dimensions. The main task of the strategic level is to make clear the fundamental purpose, the basic means and macro-orientation of the national intellectual property strategy. The internal operational level focuses on the creation, utilization, management and protection of the intellectual property rights, while talented persons, sound market economy and a rich culture are the indispensable external environmental dimensions.

  8. NASA Education Communication Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2008

    2008-01-01

    For the past 15 years, the number of American college students earning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees has continued to decrease. By 2010, it is projected the national demand for STEM employees will rise by 10 percent. The Education Communication Strategy identifies the steps National Aeronautics and Space…

  9. A Comparison of national CCS strategies for Northwest Europe, with a focus on the potential of common CO2 storage at the Utsira formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramirez, Andrea; Hoefnagels, Ric; van den Broek, Machteld

    2011-01-01

    2 storage. However, this will not only depend on their potential available capacity to store CO2 flows but also on the cost effectiveness of such an option within national portfolios of mitigation measures. This article shows key results of a research project aiming to assess the potentials...... in the national portfolio of measures. Within the CCS portfolio, storage of CO2 in the Utsira formation can indeed be a cost effective option for North Europe and it represents a valuable CO2 storage option at the regional level. For instance, the United Kingdom will profit from the comparably short transport...

  10. An empty sufuria : the effects of a marine national park on the livelihood strategies and income diversification of fisherman households at the Kenya coast

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Versleijen, N.

    2001-01-01

    This study was carried out in the districts Kilifi and Malindi. It focuses on the activities of artisanal fishermen and their households: the livelihood strategies they have, their attitude towards conservation, their indigeneous environmental conservation practices and the effects of the Watamu

  11. An empty sufuria : the effects of a marine national park on the livelihood strategies and income diversification of fisherman households at the Kenya coast

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Versleijen, N.

    2001-01-01

    This study was carried out in the districts Kilifi and Malindi. It focuses on the activities of artisanal fishermen and their households: the livelihood strategies they have, their attitude towards conservation, their indigeneous environmental conservation practices and the effects of the Watamu Mar

  12. Mainstreaming Children into National Poverty Strategies : a child-focused analysis of the Ethiopian Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Programme (2002-05)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jones, N.; Gutema, B.; Bezuayehu, T.O.; Woldehanna, T.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to assess how the needs of children are incorporated into Ethiopia¿s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)¿known as the Ethiopian Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Programme 2002-2005 (SDRDP) ¿and to develop policy recommendations for the second PRSP based

  13. 理解生态文明:从哲学思想到国家发展战略%Understanding Ecological Civilization:From Philosophy to National Development Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞海; 张永亮; 高国伟; 张燕

    2015-01-01

    系统易懂地阐释生态文明概念,对于帮助国际社会清晰地理解和认识中国的生态文明,以及在全球视野下推进生态文明建设至关重要。中国政府提出的生态文明建设已经从过去传统的哲学思想上升为国家的发展战略,是具体的、可理解的、可操作的国家治理概念和术语。理解生态文明建设的要点包括:建设生态文明是中国国家发展总体战略的核心构成,是中国国家治国理念和发展战略的转变,是国家环境与发展转型的整体性战略,其路径是将生态文明融入到经济、政治、社会和文化等领域建设的全过程和各方面,其关键手段和工具是大幅提高经济绿色化程度,其主阵地和根本措施是加强环境保护。%The systematic and understandable explanation is vital for the international community to clearly understanding the concept of China’s ecological civilization, as well as for promoting the ecological civilization construction under the global vision. Ecological civilization is being raised from a traditional philosophy to a national development strategy, and becoming a concrete, intelligible and operable concept and terminology for national governance. Main points for understanding ecological civilization including:of ecological civilizationconstruction is the core element of China’s national overall development strategy, the transformation of China’s national governance concept and strategy, and the overall strategy of the country’s environment and development transition. The path of ecological civilization calls for its integration into all aspects of economic, political, cultural, and social progress. The key approach is to substantially increase the green extent of the economy, and the main front and fundamental measure is environmental protection.

  14. The strategy of PP and PSOE to incorporate women in national politics (1979-2008 / La estrategia del PP y PSOE para incorporar a las mujeres en la política nacional (1979-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gema Sánchez Medero

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we have analyzed the policies they have developed two major national parties in Spain, PP and PSOE, to bring women into political life, and achieve a balance between men and women. In this way, we can ascertain the real impact of the same and the role they have played so far in the matches under study, with the sole purpose of knowing this type of strategies have been a simple marketing campaign, or whether otherwise have gone further. This is really decided whether affirmative action is effective or not.

  15. Determining the efficacy of national strategies aimed at addressing the challenges facing health personnel working in rural areas in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Mburu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Shortages of Human Resources for Health (HRH in rural areas are often driven by poor working and living conditions, inadequate salaries and benefits, lack of training and career development opportunities amongst others. The South African government has adopted a human resource strategy for the health sector in 2011 aimed at addressing these challenges.Aim: This study reviews the challenges faced by health personnel against government strategies aimed at attracting and retaining health personnel in these underserved areas.Setting: The study was conducted in six primary health care service sites in the Hlabisa sub-district of Umkhanyakude, located in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.Methods: The study population comprised 25 health workers including 11 professional nurses, 4 staff nurses and 10 doctors (4 medical doctors, 3 foreign medical doctors and 3 doctors undertaking community service. Qualitative data were collected from semi-structured interviews and analysed using thematic analysis.Results: Government initiatives including the rural allowance, deployment of foreign medical doctors and the presence of health personnel undertaking their community service in rural areas are positively viewed by health personnel working in rural health facilities. However, poor living and working conditions, together with inadequate personal development opportunities, remain unresolved challenges. It is these challenges that will continue to dissuade experienced health personnel from remaining in these underserved areas.Conclusion: South Africa’s HRH strategy for the Health Sector 2012/13–2015/16 had highlighted the key challenges raised by respondents and identified strategies aimed at addressing these challenges. Implementation of these strategies is key to improving both living and working conditions, and providing health personnel with opportunities for further development will require inter-ministerial collaboration if the HRH 2030

  16. The Changing Landscape of HIV Prevention in the United States: Health Department Experiences and Local Adaptations in Response to the National HIV/AIDS Strategy and High-Impact Prevention Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Holly H; Essuon, Aba; Hoyte, Tamika; Shapatava, Ekaterine; Shelley, Gene; Rios, Aisha; Beane, Stephanie; Bourgeois, Stacey; Dunbar, Erica; Sapiano, Tobey

    2017-05-10

    HIV prevention has changed substantially in recent years due to changes in national priorities, biomedical advances, and health care reform. Starting in 2010, motivated by the National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) High-Impact Prevention (HIP), health departments realigned resources so that cost-effective, evidence-based interventions were targeted to groups at risk in areas most affected by HIV. This analysis describes how health departments in diverse settings were affected by NHAS and HIP. We conducted interviews and a consultation with health departments from 16 jurisdictions and interviewed CDC project officers who monitored programs in 5 of the jurisdictions. Participants were asked to describe changes since NHAS and HIP and how they adapted. We used inductive qualitative analysis to identify themes of change. Health departments improved their HIV prevention practices in different ways. They aligned jurisdictional plans with NHAS and HIP goals, increased local data use to monitor program performance, streamlined services, and strengthened partnerships to increase service delivery to persons at highest risk for infection/transmission. They shifted efforts to focus more on the needs of people with diagnosed HIV infection, increased HIV testing and routine HIV screening in clinical settings, raised provider and community awareness about preexposure prophylaxis, and used nontraditional strategies to successfully engage out-of-care people with diagnosed HIV infection. However, staff-, provider-, and data-related barriers that could slow scale-up of priority programs were consistently reported by participants, potentially impeding the ability to meet national goals. Findings suggest progress toward NHAS and HIP goals has been made in some jurisdictions but highlight the need to monitor prevention programs in different contexts to identify areas for improvement and increase the likelihood of national success

  17. Problems and Strategies Regarding Reducing America's Migrant Student Dropout Rate. Congressional Testimony Delivered in Response to a Request from the National Commission on Migrant Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helge, Doris

    Studies conducted by the National Rural Development Institute (NRDI) indicate that migrant students have a higher school dropout rate than non-migrant students. In addition, rural migrant students experience higher levels of family dysfunction and abuse, teen pregnancy, emotional difficulties such as depression or low self-esteem, poverty,…

  18. Factsheets for the (eco)toxicological risk assessment strategy of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Part II

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luttik R; Pelgrom SMGJ; CSR

    2002-01-01

    Five factsheets describing risk assessment methods used at the Centre of Substances and Risk assessment (CSR) of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) are presented here with the main aim of promoting greater transparency in the risk assessment methods used at the Insti

  19. Steps toward nation-wide monitoring of non-indigenous species in Danish marine waters under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jesper H.; Kallenbach, Emilie; Hesselsøe, Martin

    This report is the outcome of MONIS 2 – or in full, “Monitoring of Non-Indigenous Species in Danish Marine Water, phase 2” – and includes three deliverable: (1) a national Target Species List including 50 species, (2) a draft Technical Guidance Report, and (3) in silico designed and tested primer...

  20. The impact of national culture in MNC's home country on the strategy making process in their overseas subsidiaries: a comparison between Dutch and Japanese companies in Thailand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meekanon, K.

    2002-01-01

    The main purpose of this dissertation is to understand that the national cultures of MNCs' home countries play an important role in determining the SMPs in their overseas subsidiaries. To attain this purpose, a comparison between Dutch and Japanese