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Sample records for nand kumar fageria

  1. Mukesh Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Mukesh Kumar. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 25 Issue 6 November 2002 pp 549-551. Semiconductor applications of plasma immersion ion implantation technology · Mukesh Kumar Rajkumar Dinesh Kumar P J George · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  2. Awani Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Awani Kumar. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 8 Issue 10 October 2003 pp 87-89 Think It Over. Ants in Pursuit · Awani Kumar · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  3. Sanat Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Sanat Kumar. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 9 Issue 3 March 2004 pp 65-75 Classroom. Preparing for the Transit of Venus · N Rathnasree Sanat Kumar · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  4. N Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. N Kumar. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 29 Issue 4 August 2006 pp 379-384 Composites. Studies on conductivity and dielectric properties of polyaniline–zinc sulphide composites · H C Pant M K Patra S C Negi A Bhatia S R Vadera N Kumar.

  5. S Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. S Kumar. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 26 Issue 1 January 2003 pp 165-168. Electronic structure and optical properties of thorium monopnictides · S Kumar S Auluck · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. We have calculated the electronic density of ...

  6. Keshav Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Keshav Kumar. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 22 Issue 8 August 2017 pp 747-759 General Article. Principal Component Analysis: Most Favourite Tool in Chemometrics · Keshav Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  7. Devendra Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. DEVENDRA KUMAR. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 33 Issue 2 April 2010 pp 145-148 Ceramics and Glasses. IR study of Pb–Sr titanate borosilicate glasses · C R Gautam Devendra Kumar Om Parkash · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The infrared ...

  8. rahul kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. RAHUL KUMAR. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 6 October 2017 pp 1197-1202. Fabrication of low specific resistance ceramic carbon composites by colloidal processing using glucose as soluble carbon source · RAHUL KUMAR PARAG ...

  9. Lalit Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lalit Kumar is currently professor and head of Medical Oncology at AIIMS, New Delhi. He has played a leadership role in the development of cost-effective stem cell transplantation programme at AIIMS. His group has made seminal contributions to the field of gynecologic oncology and multiple myeloma. Kumar has ...

  10. Alok Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Alok Kumar. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 8 Issue 3 March 2003 pp 8-25 General Article. What can we Learn from the Electromagnetic Spectrum? A W Joshi Alok Kumar · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 9 Issue 10 ...

  11. Ajay Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 31 Issue 3 June 2008 pp 233-240. Formation of InN nanoparticle and nanorod structures by nitrogen plasma annealing method · Ajay Kumar Mann Deepak Varandani Bodh Raj Mehta Lalit Kumar Malhotra G Mangamma A K Tyagi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  12. NAND flash memory technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Aritome, Seiichi

    2016-01-01

    This book discusses basic and advanced NAND flash memory technologies, including the principle of NAND flash, memory cell technologies, multi-bits cell technologies, scaling challenges of memory cell, reliability, and 3-dimensional cell as the future technology. Chapter 1 describes the background and early history of NAND flash. The basic device structures and operations are described in Chapter 2. Next, the author discusses the memory cell technologies focused on scaling in Chapter 3, and introduces the advanced operations for multi-level cells in Chapter 4. The physical limitations for scaling are examined in Chapter 5, and Chapter 6 describes the reliability of NAND flash memory. Chapter 7 examines 3-dimensional (3D) NAND flash memory cells and discusses the pros and cons in structure, process, operations, scalability, and performance. In Chapter 8, challenges of 3D NAND flash memory are dis ussed. Finally, in Chapter 9, the author summarizes and describes the prospect of technologies and market for the fu...

  13. M R Sudarsana Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. M R Sudarsana Kumar. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 24 Issue 2 April 2001 pp 249-252 Crystal Growth. Thermal behaviour of strontium tartrate single crystals grown in gel · M H Rahimkutty K Rajendra Babu K Sreedharan Pillai M R Sudarsana Kumar ...

  14. Tapas Kumar Roy

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Tapas Kumar Roy. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 40 Issue 2 June 2015 pp 375-387 Articles. Do seed VLCFAs trigger spongy tissue formation in Alphonso mango by inducing germination? Seshadri Shivashankar Manoharan Sumathi Tapas Kumar Roy.

  15. Bhabesh Kumar Nath

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Bhabesh Kumar Nath. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 37 Issue 7 December 2014 pp 1613-1624. Enhancement of proton conductivity of sulfonated polystyrene membrane prepared by plasma polymerization process · Bhabesh Kumar Nath Aziz Khan ...

  16. kumar abhiram jha

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. KUMAR ABHIRAM JHA. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 41 Issue 4 December 2016 pp 667-676 ARTICLE. Expressions of visual pigments and synaptic proteins in neonatal chick retina exposed to light of variable photoperiods · KUMAR ABHIRAM JHA TAPAS C ...

  17. H. B. Kiran Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. H. B. Kiran Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 92 Issue 2 August 2013 pp 335-340 Review Article. Search for missing schizophrenia genes will require a new developmental neurogenomic perspective · H. B. Kiran Kumar Christina Castellani Sujit Maiti Richard ...

  18. C P Anil Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. C P Anil Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 124 Issue 8 December 2015 pp 1721-1733. Variation of surface electric field during geomagnetic disturbed period at Maitri, Antarctica · N Jeni Victor C Panneerselvam C P Anil Kumar.

  19. Bikash Kumar Panda

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Bikash Kumar Panda. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 116 Issue 5 August 2004 pp 245-250. Synthesis, characterization and emission properties of quinolin-8-olato chelated ruthenium organometallics · Bikash Kumar Panda · More Details Abstract ...

  20. Bhattacherjee, Prof. Satyendra Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Bhattacherjee, Prof. Satyendra Kumar Ph.D. (Notre Dame). Date of birth: 2 October 1926. Date of death: 28 April 2013. Specialization: Experimental Nuclear Physics Last known address: 302B, Tribute, Rajkamal Studio Compound, Off Dr SS Rao Road, Behind Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai 400 012.

  1. Maji, Prof. Tapas Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2018 Section: Chemistry. Maji, Prof. Tapas Kumar Ph.D. (Jadavpur). Date of birth: 1 August 1974. Specialization: Porous Materials, Inorganic-Organic Hybrid nanomaterials, Molecule-based Magnetic& Optoelectronic Materials Address: Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for ...

  2. Patel, Prof. Bhisma Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2018 Section: Chemistry. Patel, Prof. Bhisma Kumar Ph.D. (IIT, Kanpur), FNASc. Date of birth: 6 August 1965. Specialization: Organic Synthesis, Reaction Mechanisms, Green Chemistry Address: Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati 781 039, Assam Contact: Office: (0361) 258 2307

  3. Ojha, Prof. Devendra Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2015 Section: Physics. Ojha, Prof. Devendra Kumar Ph.D. (Strasbourg). Date of birth: 23 August 1967. Specialization: Star Formation & Interstellar Medium, Infrared Astronomy, Astronomical Instrumentation Address: Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha ...

  4. Banerji, Sudangsu Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Banerji, Sudangsu Kumar D.Sc. (Presidency College, Calcutta), FNA 1934-35. Date of birth: 27 April 1893. Date of death: 10 August 1966. Specialization: Mathematical Physics, Geophysics, Meteorology Last known address: 3, Ramani Chatterjee Road, Rash Behari Avenue, Calcutta 700 029. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook ...

  5. Ghosh, Dr Pushpito Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 2010 Section: Chemistry. Ghosh, Dr Pushpito Kumar Ph.D. (Princeton). Date of birth: 29 May 1954. Specialization: Processes Research, Water Purification, Renewable Energy, R&D Management Address: A-604, Punit Park, Plot No. 182/C, Sector 17, Merol, Navi Mumbai 400 706, ...

  6. Vijay Kumar Sharma

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Vijay Kumar Sharma. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 4 Issue 1 January 1999 pp 73-75 Research News. Adaptive Significance of Circadian Rhythms - Biological Clocks and Darwinian Fitness in Cyanobacteria · V Sheeba ...

  7. Nandicoori, Dr Vinay Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 2018 Section: General Biology. Nandicoori, Dr Vinay Kumar Ph.D. (IISc), FNASc. Date of birth: 1 March 1969. Specialization: Molecular & Cellular Biology, Cell Signalling, Cell Biology Address: National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067, U.T.; Contact ...

  8. Chakraborti, Prof. Asit Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Chakraborti, Prof. Asit Kumar Ph.D. (Jadavpur). Date of birth: 15 August 1954. Specialization: Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Green Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry Address: Head, Department of Medicinal chemistry, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Sector 67, SAS Nagar 160 062, Panjab Contact:

  9. Bimal Kumar Panigrahi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Due to superior corrosion resistance, copper–phosphorus TMT rebar is a candidate material in the construction sector. Volume 29 Issue 1 February 2006 pp 59-66 Alloys. Microstructures and properties of low-alloy fire resistant steel · Bimal Kumar Panigrahi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Microstructures and properties ...

  10. Yadav, Prof. Veejendra Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 2007 Section: Chemistry. Yadav, Prof. Veejendra Kumar Ph.D. (Baroda). Date of birth: 13 June 1956. Specialization: Synthetic Organic Chemistry and Physical Organic Chemistry Address: Professor, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208 016, U.P.

  11. Kumar, Prof. Anurag

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 2010 Section: Engineering & Technology. Kumar, Prof. Anurag Ph.D. (Cornell), FNA, FNAE, FIEEE, FTWAS. Date of birth: 13 July 1955. Specialization: Wireless Networks, Communication Networks, Stochastic Modelling, Analysis & Optimisation of Distributed Systems Address: Director, Indian Institute ...

  12. Chattaraj, Prof. Pratim Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2001 Section: Chemistry. Chattaraj, Prof. Pratim Kumar Ph.D. (IIT, Mumbai), FNA, FNASc, FTWAS. Date of birth: 26 April 1958. Specialization: Hydrogen Storage, Density Functional Theory, Nonlinear Dynamics and Chemical Reactivity, Aromaticity in Metal Clusters Address: Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute ...

  13. Kamal, Prof. Aditya Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1974 Section: Engineering & Technology. Kamal, Prof. Aditya Kumar Dr. lng. (Paris). Date of birth: 5 July 1927. Specialization: Air Traffic Control, Surveillance, Automation, UAV, GPS, Cyber Security Address: 18, Crystal Circle, Burlington, MA 01803, USA Contact: Office: (+1-781) 890 3330/235. Residence: (+1-781) ...

  14. Tyagi, Prof. Anil Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1995 Section: General Biology. Tyagi, Prof. Anil Kumar Ph.D. (Delhi), FNASc, FNA. Date of birth: 2 April 1951. Specialization: Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Microbiology Address: Vice Chancellor, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Sector 16C, Dwaraka, New Delhi ...

  15. Kumar, Prof. Lalit

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 2010 Section: Medicine. Kumar, Prof. Lalit MD (Agra), DM (Madras), FAMS, FNASc. Council Service: 2016-. Date of birth: 30 June 1957. Specialization: Stem Cell Transplantation, Multiple Myeloma, Haemato-Oncology, Gynaecologic Oncology Address: Head, Department of ...

  16. Mohan Kumar, Prof. Neithalath

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1993 Section: Mathematical Sciences. Mohan Kumar, Prof. Neithalath Ph.D. (Mumbai). Date of birth: 12 May 1951. Specialization: Commutative Algebra and Algebraic Geometry Address: Department of Mathematics, Washington University at St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, Campus Box 1146, St. Louis, MO 63130, ...

  17. Awadesh Kumar Mallik

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. AWADESH KUMAR MALLIK. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 38 Issue 3 June 2015 pp 717-724. Influence of growth conditions on microstructure and defects in diamond coatings grown by microwave plasma enhanced CVD · Kalyan Sundar Pal Sandip ...

  18. Sharma, Dr Surendra Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2010 Section: Medicine. Sharma, Dr Surendra Kumar Ph.D. (AIIMS), MD (PGIMER, Chandigarh), FNASc, FNA. Date of birth: 22 February 1951. Specialization: Environmental Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Internal Medicine, Pulmonary & Critical Care and Sleep Medicine Address: B-5/3, B Block, Sector 13, RK ...

  19. Kumar, Prof. Har Darshan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 1975 Section: Plant Sciences. Kumar, Prof. Har Darshan Ph.D. (London), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 25 February 1934. Specialization: Algology, Microbial Biotechnology, Genetics, Ecology and Environment Address: Mrigtrishna, B.32/32, H.K. 214, Saketnagar Colony, Naria, Varanasi 221 005, U.P.

  20. Dhar, Prof. Suman Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 2016 Section: General Biology. Dhar, Prof. Suman Kumar Ph.D. (JNU). Date of birth: 6 March 1968. Specialization: DNA Replication, Cell Cycle Control, Molecular Parasitology, Bacteriology Address: Special Centre for Molecular Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, U.T.

  1. Mondal, Prof. Naba Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mondal, Prof. Naba Kumar Ph.D. (Bombay) D.Sc. (h.c.), FNA, FNASc, FTWAS. Date of birth: 11 March 1951. Specialization: Experimental Particle Physics, Accelerator-based Particle Physics and Neutrino Physics Address: Raja Ramanna Fellow, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 064, W.B.

  2. ranjan kumar mondal

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. RANJAN KUMAR MONDAL. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 41 Issue 1 February 2018 pp 14. Polyphenol oxidase-based luminescent enzyme hydrogel: an efficient redox active immobilized scaffold · BISWAJIT DEY SUPRABHAT MUKHERJEE NILADRI ...

  3. Barua, Dr Asok Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1987 Section: Physics. Barua, Dr Asok Kumar Ph.D. (Calcutta). Date of birth: 1 July 1936. Specialization: Solid State Materials, Thin Film Technology and Thin Film Solar Cells Address: Honorary Emeritus Professor, Indian Institute of Engineering Science & Technology, Shibpur, Howrah 711 103, W.B.. Contact:

  4. Jena, Dr Prafulla Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Jena, Dr Prafulla Kumar Ph.D. (Utkal). Date of birth: 27 December 1931. Specialization: Extractive Metallurgy, Mineral Processing, Environmental Engineering and Materials Processing Address: Chairman, Institute of Advance Technology and Environmental Studies, 80A-831A Lewis Road, Bhubaneswar 751 002, Orissa

  5. amiya kumar panda

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. AMIYA KUMAR PANDA. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 130 Issue 4 April 2018 pp 42. Role of PEG 2000 in the surface modification and physicochemical characteristics of pyrazinamide loaded nanostructured lipid carriers · GOURAB KARMAKAR ...

  6. Panda, Dr Subrat Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Panda, Dr Subrat Kumar M.B.B.S. (Utkal), M.D. (Path.) (AIIMS), FNA. Date of birth: 18 November 1954. Specialization: Liver Pathology, Viral Hepatitis and Molecular Biology/Virology Address: Professor, Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, U.T.. Contact:

  7. Bhattacharyya, Prof. Prabhat Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1976 Section: Chemistry. Bhattacharyya, Prof. Prabhat Kumar Ph.D. (Illinois), FNA. Date of birth: 22 October 1921. Date of death: 16 April 1996. Specialization: Bio-organic Chemistry and Chemical Microbiology Last known address: 177, Jodhpur Park, Flat - 1S, Calcutta 700 068.

  8. Basu, Dr Sandip Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 1992 Section: General Biology. Basu, Dr Sandip Kumar Ph.D. (Calcutta), FNASc, FNA, FTWAS Council Service: 1995-97. Date of birth: 1 January 1944. Specialization: Cell Biology, Molecular Biology and Microbial Genetics Address: FD-426, Sector 3, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 106, W.B.. Contact:

  9. Apte, Dr Shree Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2008 Section: General Biology. Apte, Dr Shree Kumar Ph.D. (Gujarat), FNA, FNASc, FNAAS. Date of birth: 18 October 1952. Specialization: Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, Physiology and Stress Biology of Bacteria & Plants Address: Emeritus Professor, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushakti Nagar, ...

  10. Patel, Prof. Chandra Kumar Naranbhai

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1995 Honorary. Patel, Prof. Chandra Kumar Naranbhai. Date of birth: 2 July 1938. Address: President & CEO, Pranalytica Inc., 1101, Colorado Avenue, Santa Monica, CA 90401, U.S.A.. Contact: Office: (+1-310) 458 0808. Residence: (+1-310) 471 6505. Fax: (+1-310) 458 0171. Email: patel@pranalytica.com.

  11. Patel, Prof. Chandra Kumar Naranbhai

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Patel, Prof. Chandra Kumar Naranbhai. Date of birth: 2 July 1938. Address: President & CEO, Pranalytica Inc., 1101, Colorado Avenue, Santa Monica, CA 90401, U.S.A.. Contact: Office: (+1-310) 458 0808. Residence: (+1-310) 471 6505. Fax: (+1-310) 458 0171. Email: patel@pranalytica.com. YouTube · Twitter · Facebook ...

  12. Sopory, Prof. Sudhir Kumar - IAS Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1992 Section: Plant Sciences. Sopory, Prof. Sudhir Kumar Ph.D. (Delhi), FNA, FNASc, FNAAS, FTWAS Council Service: 2001-2006. Date of birth: 7 January 1948. Specialization: Molecular Plant Physiology and Plant Tissue Culture & Transformation Address: 584, Sector 14, Faridabad 121 007, Haryana Contact:

  13. 3D NAND Flash Based on Planar Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Silvagni

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the transition from 2D NAND to 3D NAND is first addressed, and the various 3D NAND architectures are compared. The article carries out a comparison of 3D NAND architectures that are based on a “punch-and-plug” process—with gate-all-around (GAA cell devices—against architectures that are based on planar cell devices. The differences and similarities between the two classes of architectures are highlighted. The differences between architectures using floating-gate (FG and charge-trap (CT devices are also considered. Although the current production of 3D NAND is based on GAA cell devices, it is suggested that architectures with planar cell devices could also be viable for mass production.

  14. Unexpected artivism: the fabulatory function in Kumaré

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hongisto, I.; Pape, T.

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses artivism in Vikram Gandhi's 2011 documentary film Kumaré: The True Story of a False Prophet. The documentary tells the story of the fake guru Kumaré (played by Gandhi) who sets out to prove that spiritual leaders are illusions and that the power of self-transformation lies

  15. Introduction and Overview of the Symposium Anil Kumar (Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. Introduction and Overview of the Symposium Anil Kumar (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore). Symposium on Quantum Computing and Quantum Information. Notes:

  16. Flexible NAND-Like Organic Ferroelectric Memory Array

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kam, B.; Ke, T.H.; Chasin, A.; Tyagi, M.; Cristoferi, C.; Tempelaars, K.; Breemen, A.J.J.M. van; Myny, K.; Schols, S.; Genoe, J.; Gelinck, G.H.; Heremans, P.

    2014-01-01

    We present a memory array of organic ferroelectric field-effect transistors (OFeFETs) on flexible substrates. The OFeFETs are connected serially, similar to the NAND architecture of flash memory, which offers the highest memory density of transistor memories. We demonstrate a reliable addressing

  17. Harold and Kumar Go to the Ivy League

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oppenheimer, Mark

    2008-01-01

    For having achieved a mild cult status after doing the movie "Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle," lead actors John Cho and Kal Penn deserve their fame, their million-dollar paychecks, and their groupies. Do they deserve Ivy League teaching jobs? This spring Penn (whose real name is Kalpen Modi) taught a large lecture class, "Images of Asian…

  18. A reconfigurable NAND/NOR genetic logic gate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goñi-Moreno, Angel; Amos, Martyn

    2012-09-18

    Engineering genetic Boolean logic circuits is a major research theme of synthetic biology. By altering or introducing connections between genetic components, novel regulatory networks are built in order to mimic the behaviour of electronic devices such as logic gates. While electronics is a highly standardized science, genetic logic is still in its infancy, with few agreed standards. In this paper we focus on the interpretation of logical values in terms of molecular concentrations. We describe the results of computational investigations of a novel circuit that is able to trigger specific differential responses depending on the input standard used. The circuit can therefore be dynamically reconfigured (without modification) to serve as both a NAND/NOR logic gate. This multi-functional behaviour is achieved by a) varying the meanings of inputs, and b) using branch predictions (as in computer science) to display a constrained output. A thorough computational study is performed, which provides valuable insights for the future laboratory validation. The simulations focus on both single-cell and population behaviours. The latter give particular insights into the spatial behaviour of our engineered cells on a surface with a non-homogeneous distribution of inputs. We present a dynamically-reconfigurable NAND/NOR genetic logic circuit that can be switched between modes of operation via a simple shift in input signal concentration. The circuit addresses important issues in genetic logic that will have significance for more complex synthetic biology applications.

  19. National array of neutron detectors (NAND) a versatile setup for studies on reaction dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Golda, K.S.; Singh, R.P.; Zacharias, J.; Archunan, M.; Kothari, A.; Barua, P.; Gupta, Arti; Venkataramanan, S.; Suman, S.K.; Kumar, Rajesh; Kumar, Pankaj; Jhingan, A.; Sugathan, P.; Datta, S.K.; Chatterjee, Mihir; Bhowmik, R.K.; Singh, Hardev; Behera, B.; Kumar, A.; Singh, G.; Ranjit; Mandal, S.

    2006-01-01

    National Array of Neutron Detectors (NAND) is a large array of neutron detectors being setup at Inter University Accelerator Centre. The primary motive behind the development of this array, is the study of reaction dynamics in the energy domain near the Coulomb barrier

  20. Analysis on applicable error-correcting code strength of storage class memory and NAND flash in hybrid storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsui, Chihiro; Kinoshita, Reika; Takeuchi, Ken

    2018-04-01

    A hybrid of storage class memory (SCM) and NAND flash is a promising technology for high performance storage. Error correction is inevitable on SCM and NAND flash because their bit error rate (BER) increases with write/erase (W/E) cycles, data retention, and program/read disturb. In addition, scaling and multi-level cell technologies increase BER. However, error-correcting code (ECC) degrades storage performance because of extra memory reading and encoding/decoding time. Therefore, applicable ECC strength of SCM and NAND flash is evaluated independently by fixing ECC strength of one memory in the hybrid storage. As a result, weak BCH ECC with small correctable bit is recommended for the hybrid storage with large SCM capacity because SCM is accessed frequently. In contrast, strong and long-latency LDPC ECC can be applied to NAND flash in the hybrid storage with large SCM capacity because large-capacity SCM improves the storage performance.

  1. Modeling of apparent activation energy and lifetime estimation in NAND flash memory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Kyunghwan; Shin, Hyungcheol; Kang, Myounggon; Hwang, Yuchul

    2015-01-01

    Misunderstanding apparent activation energy (E aa ) can cause serious error in lifetime predictions. In this paper, the E aa is investigated for sub 20 nm NAND flash memory. In a high-temperature (HT) regime, the interface trap (N it ) recovery mechanism has the greatest impact on the charge loss. However, the values of E aa and E a(Nit) have a wide difference. Also, the lifetime of the device cannot be estimated by the Arrhenius model due to the E aa roll-off behavior. For the first time, we reveal the origin of abnormal characteristics on E aa and derive a mathematical formula for E aa as a function of each E a(mechanism) in NAND flash memory. Using the proposed E aa equation, the accurate lifetime for the device is estimated. (paper)

  2. Operational method of a ferroelectric (Fe)-NAND flash memory array

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Shouyu; Takahashi, Mitue; Li, Qiu-Hong; Sakai, Shigeki; Takeuchi, Ken

    2009-01-01

    Operations of arrayed ferroelectric (Fe)-NAND flash memory cells: erase, program and read were demonstrated for the first time using a small cell array of four word lines by two NAND strings. The memory cells and select-gate transistors were all n-channel Pt/SrBi 2 Ta 2 O 9 /Hf-Al-O/Si ferroelectric-gate field effect transistors. The erase was performed by applying 10 µs wide 7 V pulses to n- and p-wells. The program was performed by applying 10 µs wide 7 V pulses to selected word lines. Accumulated read currents of 51 programmed patterns in the Fe-NAND flash memory cell array successfully showed distribution of the two distinguishable '0' and '1' states. The margin between the two states became wider by applying a verification technique in programming a cell out of the eight. Retention times of bit-line currents were obtained over 33 h for both the '0' and '1' states in a program pattern

  3. Recasting Distance Learning with Network-Enabled Open Education: An Interview with Vijay Kumar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, James L.; Kumar, Vijay

    2008-01-01

    In an interview with James Morrison, "Innovate's" editor-in-chief, Vijay Kumar describes how rethinking distance learning as network-enabled open education can catalyze a whole new set of learning opportunities. The growing open-education movement has made an increasing number and variety of resources freely available online, including everything…

  4. Kumar versus Olsen cannulation technique for intraoperative cholangiography : a randomized trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buddingh, K. Tim; Bosma, Ben M.; Samaniego-Cameron, Brenda; Hoedemaker, Henk O. ten Cate; Hofker, H. Sijbrand; van Dam, Gooitzen M.; Ploeg, Rutger J.; Nieuwenhuijs, Vincent B.

    There is resistance to routine intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) during cholecystectomy because it prolongs surgery and may be experienced as cumbersome. An alternative instrument may help to reduce these drawbacks and lower the threshold for IOC. This trial compared the Kumar cannulation

  5. Heavy Ion Irradiation Fluence Dependence for Single-Event Upsets of NAND Flash Memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Dakai; Wilcox, Edward; Ladbury, Raymond; Kim, Hak; Phan, Anthony; Seidleck, Christina; LaBel, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    We investigated the single-event effect (SEE) susceptibility of the Micron 16 nm NAND flash, and found the single-event upset (SEU) cross section varied inversely with fluence. The SEU cross section decreased with increasing fluence. We attribute the effect to the variable upset sensitivities of the memory cells. The current test standards and procedures assume that SEU follow a Poisson process and do not take into account the variability in the error rate with fluence. Therefore, heavy ion irradiation of devices with variable upset sensitivity distribution using typical fluence levels may underestimate the cross section and on-orbit event rate.

  6. Moore's law realities for recording systems and memory storage components: HDD, tape, NAND, and optical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontana, Robert E.; Decad, Gary M.

    2018-05-01

    This paper describes trends in the storage technologies associated with Linear Tape Open (LTO) Tape cartridges, hard disk drives (HDD), and NAND Flash based storage devices including solid-state drives (SSD). This technology discussion centers on the relationship between cost/bit and bit density and, specifically on how the Moore's Law perception that areal density doubling and cost/bit halving every two years is no longer being achieved for storage based components. This observation and a Moore's Law Discussion are demonstrated with data from 9-year storage technology trends, assembled from publically available industry reporting sources.

  7. On the Kumar formulation for the temperature dependence of thermal expansivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, C.P.; Chauhan, R.S.

    2004-01-01

    The expression for interionic separation obtained earlier by Kumar [Physica. B, Condensed Matter 205 (1995) 175] has been corrected so as to make it compatible with the value of the thermal expansivity at the initial temperature. The values of the interionic separations as a function of temperature calculated for NaCl and KCl using the modified formulation are found to present improved agreement with the experimental data at high temperatures up to the melting temperatures

  8. Asymmetric Programming: A Highly Reliable Metadata Allocation Strategy for MLC NAND Flash Memory-Based Sensor Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Min; Liu, Zhaoqing; Qiao, Liyan

    2014-01-01

    While the NAND flash memory is widely used as the storage medium in modern sensor systems, the aggressive shrinking of process geometry and an increase in the number of bits stored in each memory cell will inevitably degrade the reliability of NAND flash memory. In particular, it's critical to enhance metadata reliability, which occupies only a small portion of the storage space, but maintains the critical information of the file system and the address translations of the storage system. Metadata damage will cause the system to crash or a large amount of data to be lost. This paper presents Asymmetric Programming, a highly reliable metadata allocation strategy for MLC NAND flash memory storage systems. Our technique exploits for the first time the property of the multi-page architecture of MLC NAND flash memory to improve the reliability of metadata. The basic idea is to keep metadata in most significant bit (MSB) pages which are more reliable than least significant bit (LSB) pages. Thus, we can achieve relatively low bit error rates for metadata. Based on this idea, we propose two strategies to optimize address mapping and garbage collection. We have implemented Asymmetric Programming on a real hardware platform. The experimental results show that Asymmetric Programming can achieve a reduction in the number of page errors of up to 99.05% with the baseline error correction scheme. PMID:25310473

  9. Asymmetric Programming: A Highly Reliable Metadata Allocation Strategy for MLC NAND Flash Memory-Based Sensor Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Huang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available While the NAND flash memory is widely used as the storage medium in modern sensor systems, the aggressive shrinking of process geometry and an increase in the number of bits stored in each memory cell will inevitably degrade the reliability of NAND flash memory. In particular, it’s critical to enhance metadata reliability, which occupies only a small portion of the storage space, but maintains the critical information of the file system and the address translations of the storage system. Metadata damage will cause the system to crash or a large amount of data to be lost. This paper presents Asymmetric Programming, a highly reliable metadata allocation strategy for MLC NAND flash memory storage systems. Our technique exploits for the first time the property of the multi-page architecture of MLC NAND flash memory to improve the reliability of metadata. The basic idea is to keep metadata in most significant bit (MSB pages which are more reliable than least significant bit (LSB pages. Thus, we can achieve relatively low bit error rates for metadata. Based on this idea, we propose two strategies to optimize address mapping and garbage collection. We have implemented Asymmetric Programming on a real hardware platform. The experimental results show that Asymmetric Programming can achieve a reduction in the number of page errors of up to 99.05% with the baseline error correction scheme.

  10. Aditya Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    It is a multistep process, and it can be regulated at various levels such as transcription, RNA processing, translation and post-translational events. Transcription initiation is an important step of gene regulation process in prokaryotes. Promoters are a stretch of DNA sequences that are present in the upstream of transcription ...

  11. Fault-tolerant NAND-flash memory module for next-generation scientific instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Tobias; Michel, Holger; Fiethe, Björn; Michalik, Harald; Walter, Dietmar

    2015-10-01

    Remote sensing instruments on today's space missions deliver a high amount of data which is typically evaluated on ground. Especially for deep space missions the telemetry downlink is very limited which creates the need for the scientific evaluation and thereby a reduction of data volume already on-board the spacecraft. A demanding example is the Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (PHI) instrument on Solar Orbiter. To enable on-board offline processing for data reduction, the instrument has to be equipped with a high capacity memory module. The module is based on non-volatile NAND-Flash technology, which requires more advanced operation than volatile DRAM. Unlike classical mass memories, the module is integrated into the instrument and allows readback of data for processing. The architecture and safe operation of such kind of memory module is described in the following paper.

  12. Leakage characterization of top select transistor for program disturbance optimization in 3D NAND flash

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yu; Jin, Lei; Jiang, Dandan; Zou, Xingqi; Zhao, Zhiguo; Gao, Jing; Zeng, Ming; Zhou, Wenbin; Tang, Zhaoyun; Huo, Zongliang

    2018-03-01

    In order to optimize program disturbance characteristics effectively, a characterization approach that measures top select transistor (TSG) leakage from bit-line is proposed to quantify TSG leakage under program inhibit condition in 3D NAND flash memory. Based on this approach, the effect of Vth modulation of two-cell TSG on leakage is evaluated. By checking the dependence of leakage and corresponding program disturbance on upper and lower TSG Vth, this approach is validated. The optimal Vth pattern with high upper TSG Vth and low lower TSG Vth has been suggested for low leakage current and high boosted channel potential. It is found that upper TSG plays dominant role in preventing drain induced barrier lowering (DIBL) leakage from boosted channel to bit-line, while lower TSG assists to further suppress TSG leakage by providing smooth potential drop from dummy WL to edge of TSG, consequently suppressing trap assisted band-to-band tunneling current (BTBT) between dummy WL and TSG.

  13. Logical NAND and NOR Operations Using Algorithmic Self-assembly of DNA Molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yanfeng; Cui, Guangzhao; Zhang, Xuncai; Zheng, Yan

    DNA self-assembly is the most advanced and versatile system that has been experimentally demonstrated for programmable construction of patterned systems on the molecular scale. It has been demonstrated that the simple binary arithmetic and logical operations can be computed by the process of self assembly of DNA tiles. Here we report a one-dimensional algorithmic self-assembly of DNA triple-crossover molecules that can be used to execute five steps of a logical NAND and NOR operations on a string of binary bits. To achieve this, abstract tiles were translated into DNA tiles based on triple-crossover motifs. Serving as input for the computation, long single stranded DNA molecules were used to nucleate growth of tiles into algorithmic crystals. Our method shows that engineered DNA self-assembly can be treated as a bottom-up design techniques, and can be capable of designing DNA computer organization and architecture.

  14. Sentinel 2 MMFU: The first European Mass Memory System Based on NAND-Flash Storage Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staehle, M.; Cassel, M.; Lonsdorfer, U.; Gliem, F.; Walter, D.; Fichna, T.

    2011-08-01

    Sentinel-2 is the multispectral optical mission of the EU-ESA GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) program, currently under development by Astrium-GmbH in Friedrichshafen (Germany) for a launch in 2013. The mission features a 490 Mbit/s optical sensor operating at high duty cycles, requiring in turn a large 2.4 Tbit on-board storage capacity.The required storage capacity motivated the selection of the NAND-Flash technology which was already secured by a lengthy period (2004-2009) of detailed testing, analysis and qualification by Astrium GmbH, IDA and ESTEC. The mass memory system is currently being realized by Astrium GmbH.

  15. Heavy Ion Irradiation Fluence Dependence for Single-Event Upsets in a NAND Flash Memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Dakai; Wilcox, Edward; Ladbury, Raymond L.; Kim, Hak; Phan, Anthony; Seidleck, Christina; Label, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    We investigated the single-event effect (SEE) susceptibility of the Micron 16 nm NAND flash, and found that the single-event upset (SEU) cross section varied inversely with cumulative fluence. We attribute the effect to the variable upset sensitivities of the memory cells. Furthermore, the effect impacts only single cell upsets in general. The rate of multiple-bit upsets remained relatively constant with fluence. The current test standards and procedures assume that SEU follow a Poisson process and do not take into account the variability in the error rate with fluence. Therefore, traditional SEE testing techniques may underestimate the on-orbit event rate for a device with variable upset sensitivity.

  16. National Array of Neutron Detectors (NAND): A versatile tool for nuclear reaction studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golda, K.S., E-mail: goldaks@gmail.com [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India); Jhingan, A.; Sugathan, P. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India); Singh, Hardev [Department of Physics, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra 136119 (India); Singh, R.P. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India); Behera, B.R. [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014 (India); Mandal, S. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Delhi University, New Delhi 110007 (India); Kothari, A.; Gupta, Arti; Zacharias, J.; Archunan, M.; Barua, P.; Venkataramanan, S.; Bhowmik, R.K. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India); Govil, I.M. [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014 (India); Datta, S.K.; Chatterjee, M.B. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India)

    2014-11-01

    The first phase of the National Array of Neutron Detectors (NAND) consisting of 26 neutron detectors has been commissioned at the Inter University Accelerator Centre (IUAC), New Delhi. The motivation behind setting up of such a detector system is the need for more accurate and efficient study of reaction mechanisms in the projectile energy range of 5–8 MeV/n using heavy ion beams from a 15 UD Pelletron and an upgraded LINAC booster facility at IUAC. The above detector array can be used for inclusive as well as exclusive measurements of reaction products of which at least one product is a neutron. While inclusive measurements can be made using only the neutron detectors along with the time of flight technique and a pulsed beam, exclusive measurements can be performed by detecting neutrons in coincidence with charged particles and/or fission fragments detected with ancillary detectors. The array can also be used for neutron tagged gamma-ray spectroscopy in (HI, xn) reactions by detecting gamma-rays in coincidence with the neutrons in a compact geometrical configuration. The various features and the performance of the different aspects of the array are described in the present paper. -- Highlights: •We report the design, fabrication and installation of a 26 element modular neutron detection system (NAND). •The array has been designed for the fusion–fission studies at near and above the barrier energies. •The relevant characteristics of the array are studied exhaustively and reported. •The efficiency of the detectors are measured and compared with the monte carlo simulations. •The second phase of the array will be augmented with 80 more neutron detectors which will enable the system to measure the neutron multiplicity distribution.

  17. National Array of Neutron Detectors (NAND): A versatile tool for nuclear reaction studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Golda, K.S.; Jhingan, A.; Sugathan, P.; Singh, Hardev; Singh, R.P.; Behera, B.R.; Mandal, S.; Kothari, A.; Gupta, Arti; Zacharias, J.; Archunan, M.; Barua, P.; Venkataramanan, S.; Bhowmik, R.K.; Govil, I.M.; Datta, S.K.; Chatterjee, M.B.

    2014-01-01

    The first phase of the National Array of Neutron Detectors (NAND) consisting of 26 neutron detectors has been commissioned at the Inter University Accelerator Centre (IUAC), New Delhi. The motivation behind setting up of such a detector system is the need for more accurate and efficient study of reaction mechanisms in the projectile energy range of 5–8 MeV/n using heavy ion beams from a 15 UD Pelletron and an upgraded LINAC booster facility at IUAC. The above detector array can be used for inclusive as well as exclusive measurements of reaction products of which at least one product is a neutron. While inclusive measurements can be made using only the neutron detectors along with the time of flight technique and a pulsed beam, exclusive measurements can be performed by detecting neutrons in coincidence with charged particles and/or fission fragments detected with ancillary detectors. The array can also be used for neutron tagged gamma-ray spectroscopy in (HI, xn) reactions by detecting gamma-rays in coincidence with the neutrons in a compact geometrical configuration. The various features and the performance of the different aspects of the array are described in the present paper. -- Highlights: •We report the design, fabrication and installation of a 26 element modular neutron detection system (NAND). •The array has been designed for the fusion–fission studies at near and above the barrier energies. •The relevant characteristics of the array are studied exhaustively and reported. •The efficiency of the detectors are measured and compared with the monte carlo simulations. •The second phase of the array will be augmented with 80 more neutron detectors which will enable the system to measure the neutron multiplicity distribution

  18. Total Ionizing Dose Influence on the Single Event Effect Sensitivity in Samsung 8Gb NAND Flash Memories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmonds, Larry D.; Irom, Farokh; Allen, Gregory R.

    2017-08-01

    A recent model provides risk estimates for the deprogramming of initially programmed floating gates via prompt charge loss produced by an ionizing radiation environment. The environment can be a mixture of electrons, protons, and heavy ions. The model requires several input parameters. This paper extends the model to include TID effects in the control circuitry by including one additional parameter. Parameters intended to produce conservative risk estimates for the Samsung 8 Gb SLC NAND flash memory are given, subject to some qualifications.

  19. Advanced Si solid phase crystallization for vertical channel in vertical NANDs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangsoo Lee

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The advanced solid phase crystallization (SPC method using the SiGe/Si bi-layer structure is proposed to obtain high-mobility poly-Si thin-film transistors in next generation vertical NAND (VNAND devices. During the SPC process, the top SiGe thin film acts as a selective nucleation layer to induce surface nucleation and equiaxial microstructure. Subsequently, this SiGe thin film microstructure is propagated to the underlying Si thin film by epitaxy-like growth. The initial nucleation at the SiGe surface was clearly observed by in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM when heating up to 600 °C. The equiaxial microstructures of both SiGe nucleation and Si channel layers were shown in the crystallized bi-layer plan-view TEM measurements. Based on these experimental results, the large-grained and less-defective Si microstructure is expected to form near the channel region of each VNAND cell transistor, which may improve the electrical characteristics.

  20. National Array of Neutron Detectors (NAND): A versatile tool for nuclear reaction studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golda, K. S.; Jhingan, A.; Sugathan, P.; Singh, Hardev; Singh, R. P.; Behera, B. R.; Mandal, S.; Kothari, A.; Gupta, Arti; Zacharias, J.; Archunan, M.; Barua, P.; Venkataramanan, S.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Govil, I. M.; Datta, S. K.; Chatterjee, M. B.

    2014-11-01

    The first phase of the National Array of Neutron Detectors (NAND) consisting of 26 neutron detectors has been commissioned at the Inter University Accelerator Centre (IUAC), New Delhi. The motivation behind setting up of such a detector system is the need for more accurate and efficient study of reaction mechanisms in the projectile energy range of 5-8 MeV/n using heavy ion beams from a 15 UD Pelletron and an upgraded LINAC booster facility at IUAC. The above detector array can be used for inclusive as well as exclusive measurements of reaction products of which at least one product is a neutron. While inclusive measurements can be made using only the neutron detectors along with the time of flight technique and a pulsed beam, exclusive measurements can be performed by detecting neutrons in coincidence with charged particles and/or fission fragments detected with ancillary detectors. The array can also be used for neutron tagged gamma-ray spectroscopy in (HI, xn) reactions by detecting gamma-rays in coincidence with the neutrons in a compact geometrical configuration. The various features and the performance of the different aspects of the array are described in the present paper.

  1. Performance analysis of three-dimensional-triple-level cell and two-dimensional-multi-level cell NAND flash hybrid solid-state drives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakaki, Yukiya; Yamada, Tomoaki; Matsui, Chihiro; Yamaga, Yusuke; Takeuchi, Ken

    2018-04-01

    In order to improve performance of solid-state drives (SSDs), hybrid SSDs have been proposed. Hybrid SSDs consist of more than two types of NAND flash memories or NAND flash memories and storage-class memories (SCMs). However, the cost of hybrid SSDs adopting SCMs is more expensive than that of NAND flash only SSDs because of the high bit cost of SCMs. This paper proposes unique hybrid SSDs with two-dimensional (2D) horizontal multi-level cell (MLC)/three-dimensional (3D) vertical triple-level cell (TLC) NAND flash memories to achieve higher cost-performance. The 2D-MLC/3D-TLC hybrid SSD achieves up to 31% higher performance than the conventional 2D-MLC/2D-TLC hybrid SSD. The factors of different performance between the proposed hybrid SSD and the conventional hybrid SSD are analyzed by changing its block size, read/write/erase latencies, and write unit of 3D-TLC NAND flash memory, by means of a transaction-level modeling simulator.

  2. Program scheme using common source lines in channel stacked NAND flash memory with layer selection by multilevel operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Do-Bin; Kwon, Dae Woong; Kim, Seunghyun; Lee, Sang-Ho; Park, Byung-Gook

    2018-02-01

    To obtain high channel boosting potential and reduce a program disturbance in channel stacked NAND flash memory with layer selection by multilevel (LSM) operation, a new program scheme using boosted common source line (CSL) is proposed. The proposed scheme can be achieved by applying proper bias to each layer through its own CSL. Technology computer-aided design (TCAD) simulations are performed to verify the validity of the new method in LSM. Through TCAD simulation, it is revealed that the program disturbance characteristics is effectively improved by the proposed scheme.

  3. Tritium and hydrogen behaviour at Phenix power plant. Application to development and validation of KUMAR type models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tibi, A.; Misraki, J.; Feron, D.

    1984-04-01

    Experimentations at Phenix reactor confirmed the fitness of the KUMAR model for predicting the behaviour of hydrogen and tritium, and thus, prevision of the tritium distribution at Super Phenix reactor: calculation of the tritium content of a regenerated secondary cold trap, behaviour of hydrogen during power operation, the primary cold trap being deliberately outage, and estimation of the tritium and hydrogen sources and permeation transfer ratios [fr

  4. Assessment of maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight neonates at a tertiary hospital, Nanded, Maharashtra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domple, Vijay Kishanrao; Doibale, Mohan K; Nair, Abhilasha; Rajput, Pinkesh S

    2016-01-01

    To assess the maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) neonates at a tertiary hospital, Nanded, Maharashtra. This study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Nanded city of Maharashtra between January 2014 and July 2014 among 160 cases (LBW-birth weight ≤2499 g) and 160 controls (normal birth weight-birth weight >2499. Data collection was done by using predesigned questionnaire and also related health documents were checked and collected the expected information during the interview after obtaining informed consent from mothers. The data were analyzed by Epi Info 7 Version. The present study found the significant association among gestational age, sex of baby, type of delivery, maternal age, religion, education of mother and husband, occupation of mother and husband, type of family, maternal height, weight gain, hemoglobin level, planned/unplanned delivery, bad obstetric history, interval between pregnancies, previous history of LBW, underlying disease, tobacco chewing, timing of first antenatal care (ANC) visit, total number of ANC visit, and iron and folic acid (IFA) tablets consumption with LBW. No significant association was found among maternal age, residence, caste, consanguinity of marriage, socioeconomic status, gravida, birth order, multiple pregnancy, and smoking with LBW in our study. It was concluded that hemoglobin level, weight gain during pregnancy, gestational age, planned/unplanned delivery, bad obstetric history, and IFA tablets consumption during pregnancy were independent risk factors for LBW.

  5. Comments on the paper 'Temperature dependence of bulk modulus and second-order elastic constants' by P.P. Singh and M. Kumar [Physica B 344 (2004) 41

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, K.S.

    2005-01-01

    Singh and Kumar have questioned the validity of the Mie-Grueneisen equation using an incorrect formulation. The Suzuki equation for thermal expansivity has been expressed by them in terms of thermal pressure using a wrong definition. The formulations already reported in the literature have been rediscovered by them and redesignated as the Kumar formulation. In the present communication we have reinforced the validity of the Mie-Grueneisen EOS using the correct definition of thermal pressure in the Suzuki formulation

  6. Impact of urbanization coupled with drought situations on groundwater quality in shallow (basalt) and deeper (granite) aquifers with special reference to fluoride in Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation, Nanded District, Maharashtra (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandith, Madhnure; Kaplay, R D; Potdar, S S; Sangnor, H; Rao, A D

    2017-09-01

    Rapid expansion in urbanization and industrialization coupled with recent drought conditions has triggered unplanned groundwater development leading to severe stress on groundwater resources in many urban cities of India, particularly cities like Nanded, Maharashtra. In the quest of tapping drinking water requirement, due to recent drought conditions, people from the city are piercing through entire thickness of shallow basalt aquifers to reach productive deeper granite aquifers. Earlier reports from Nanded and surrounding districts suggest that deeper granite aquifer is contaminated with fluoride (geogenic). The study aimed to find out variations in fluoride concentration in shallow basalt (10-167 m) and deeper granite aquifers (below 167 m) and to find out the relationship between fluoride and other ions. Study suggests that concentration of fluoride in shallow basalt aquifer is within maximum permissible limits of Bureau of Indian Standards and deeper granite aquifer contains as high as 4.9 mg/l of fluoride and all samples from granite aquifers are unfit for human consumption. The groundwater from basalt aquifer is mainly Ca-HCO 3- Cl type, and from granite aquifer, it is Ca-Na-Cl type. The correlation plot between F - vs. pH, Na + and HCO 3 - shows a positive correlation and an inverse relationship with Ca 2+ in both aquifers. As recommendations, it is suggested that granite aquifers should not be tapped for drinking purposes; however, in drought situations, water from this aquifer should be blended with treated surface water before supplying for drinking purposes. Efforts may be made to utilize 1.35 MCM of rainwater from available rooftop, which is sufficient to cater for the needs of ~40,800 people annually. Most effective defluoridation techniques like electrolytic de-fluoridation (EDF), ion exchange and reverse osmosis may be adopted along with integrated fluorosis mitigation measures.

  7. Alterations in the Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate of Fresh Water Fish, Channa punctatus on exposure to Temperature Stress from Godavari River, Nanded

    OpenAIRE

    Jagtap, Ashwini Ravichandra; Mali, R. P.

    2013-01-01

    Out of various environmental factors that influence aquatic organisms, temperature is the most all-pervasive. The environmental temperature also affects blood vascular system of aquatic organisms. The present paper deals with the effect of temperature on the Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate of freshwater fish, Channa punctatus. The freshwater fish, Channa punctatus, were collected from Godavari River, Nanded (Maharashtra). They were acclimated to laboratory condition. The fishes were exposed to...

  8. “But the forest does know it...” Persistence of omusitu in the BaNande culture and thought (Democratic Republic of Congo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Remotti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The BaNande, farmers of the hills of the North Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo, call themselves proudly abakondi, the young and strong men who cut down the trees, who destroy the forest. Almost their entire culture is based on the principle of the “cut” (eritwa, as well as their social and political organization is due to the historical achievement of their territory wrested from the forest. Even the erotic activity is designed with the typical categories of abakondi. But the traditional culture of the BaNande was not geared only to this sense of conquest of the forest. The author of this article tries to show how the forest (omusitu would be made to survive in different ways. First, not all of the forest was destroyed. Indeed islands of forest remain here and there, such as supplies of food, timber, medicines, as memory of what had been destroyed, and as headquarters of the forest spirits. Second, whenever a chief died, he was buried on his hill not underground, but imprisoned by the trees of the forest planted all around his body. These tree tombs, real historical monuments of vegetable nature, are called by the BaNande amahero and are designed as “small forest” (singular akasitu. Finally it was diffused in the nande culture the awareness that the destruction of the forest doesn’t happen with impunity. The pride of abakondi is replaced by the recognition of omusitu (forest as autonomous world, which demands to be at least partially preserved, both physically in the territory, both as an entity with even “consciousness”. Once, the BaNande thought of not being able to break free from this consciousness, and this ecological anxiety emerged especially in the most significant moments of the reproduction of their culture, i.e. when in the olusumba (their rite of initiation in the forest they had to form their new men. But this conscience belongs to the past: on the hills of the Bunande the “spirits of the forest” have

  9. “But the forest does know it...” Persistence of omusitu in the BaNande culture and thought (Democratic Republic of Congo)

    OpenAIRE

    Francesco Remotti

    2016-01-01

    The BaNande, farmers of the hills of the North Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo), call themselves proudly abakondi, the young and strong men who cut down the trees, who destroy the forest. Almost their entire culture is based on the principle of the “cut” (eritwa), as well as their social and political organization is due to the historical achievement of their territory wrested from the forest. Even the erotic activity is designed with the typical categories of abakondi. But the traditi...

  10. Fundamental energy limits of SET-based Brownian NAND and half-adder circuits. Preliminary findings from a physical-information-theoretic methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ercan, İlke; Suyabatmaz, Enes

    2018-06-01

    The saturation in the efficiency and performance scaling of conventional electronic technologies brings about the development of novel computational paradigms. Brownian circuits are among the promising alternatives that can exploit fluctuations to increase the efficiency of information processing in nanocomputing. A Brownian cellular automaton, where signals propagate randomly and are driven by local transition rules, can be made computationally universal by embedding arbitrary asynchronous circuits on it. One of the potential realizations of such circuits is via single electron tunneling (SET) devices since SET technology enable simulation of noise and fluctuations in a fashion similar to Brownian search. In this paper, we perform a physical-information-theoretic analysis on the efficiency limitations in a Brownian NAND and half-adder circuits implemented using SET technology. The method we employed here establishes a solid ground that enables studying computational and physical features of this emerging technology on an equal footing, and yield fundamental lower bounds that provide valuable insights into how far its efficiency can be improved in principle. In order to provide a basis for comparison, we also analyze a NAND gate and half-adder circuit implemented in complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology to show how the fundamental bound of the Brownian circuit compares against a conventional paradigm.

  11. Oxygen and minority carrier lifetimes in N-and P-type AL0.2GA0.8AS grown by metal organics vapor phase epitaxy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zahraman, Khaled; Leroux, M.; Gibart, P.; Zaidi, M.A.; Bremond, G.; Guillot, G.

    2000-01-01

    author.The minority carrier lifetimes in Al x Ga 1-x As grown by Metal-Organics Vapor Phase Epitaxy (MOVPE) is generally lower than in GaAs. This is believed to be due to oxygen incorporation in the layers. We describe a study of radiative and non radiative minority carriers lifetimes in n-and p-type Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 As as a function of growth parameters, in correlation with oxygen concentration measurements and deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) studies. Long non radiative lifetimes and low oxygen contents are achieved using temperature growth. A main minority hole lifetime killer appears to be 0.4 eV deep O related electron trap detected by DLTS at concentrations three orders of magnitude lower than the atomic oxygen one. Record lifetimes in MOVPE grown n-and p-type Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 As are obtained. An Al 0.85 Ga 0.15 As/Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 As surface recombination velocity lower than 4.5x10 3 cm.s -1 is measured

  12. Grover, Dr Arun Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Specialization: Magnetism & Superconductivity, Vortex State Studies in Superconductors, Strongly Correlated Systems Address: Vice Chancellor, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, U.T.. Contact: Office: (0172) 254 1945. Residence: (0172) 254 1428. Fax: (0172) 254 1022. Email: vc@pu.ac.in, arunkgrover@gmail.com.

  13. Patra, Dr Amit Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 20 April 1966. Specialization: Ionospheric Electrodynamics & Plasma Instabilities, Space Weather, Radar Probing Techniques Address: Director, National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Post Box No. 123, Tirupati 517 502, A.P.. Contact: Office: (08585) 27 2001. Residence: 98481 31468. Mobile: 99596 ...

  14. Prof. Narendra Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Stochastic Transport Processes & Statistical Physics, High Temperature Superconductivity and Localization in Disordered Systems Last known address: Emeritus Professor, Raman Research Institute, CV Raman Avenue, Bengaluru 560 080, Karnataka. http://www.rri.res.in/~nkumar · YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  15. Gupta, Dr Satish Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 20 April 1953. Specialization: Immunology, Reproductive Immunology and Reproductive Biology, Vaccines, Anti-Body Engineering Address: Emeritus Scientist, Reproductive Cell Biology Unit, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067, U.T.. Contact: Office: (011) 2674 1249

  16. Sharma, Dr Surendra Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 22 February 1951. Specialization: Enviromental Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Internal Medicine, Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Sleep Medicine Address: Head, Department of Internal Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, U.T.. Contact: Office: (011) 2659 ...

  17. Pati, Prof. Arun Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Specialization: Quantum Information Theory, Quantum Computing, Foundations of Quantum Theory Address: QIC Group, Physics Division, Harish Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211 019, U.P.. Contact: Office: (0532) 227 4391. Mobile: 87566 12314. Fax: (0532) 256 9576, (0532) 256 7444

  18. Ganguly, Dr Nirmal Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 11 November 1941. Specialization: Microbiology, Immunology, Biotechnology and Public Health Address: Visiting Professor of Eminence, Translational Health Science & Technology Institute, NCR Biotech Science Cluster, Faridabad-Gurgaon Expressway, Faridabad 121 001, Haryana Contact: Office: (011) ...

  19. Gupta, Prof. Santosh Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    objective Evolutionary Algorithm and Experimental Online Optimal Control Address: Distinguished Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, Energy Acres, PO Bidholi, Dehra Dun 248 007, ...

  20. Datta, Prof. Swapan Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ethical Guidelines and Procedures document. Posted on 17 January 2017. A revised version of the document 'Scientific Values: Ethical Guidelines and Procedures' has been produced by the Academy's Panel on Scientific Values. For more details, see the Academy Committee on Scientific Values page.

  1. Das, Prof. Prasanta Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ethical Guidelines and Procedures document. Posted on 17 January 2017. A revised version of the document 'Scientific Values: Ethical Guidelines and Procedures' has been produced by the Academy's Panel on Scientific Values. For more details, see the Academy Committee on Scientific Values page.

  2. Vijay Kumar, Prof. Panganamala

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ethical Guidelines and Procedures document. Posted on 17 January 2017. A revised version of the document 'Scientific Values: Ethical Guidelines and Procedures' has been produced by the Academy's Panel on Scientific Values. For more details, see the Academy Committee on Scientific Values page.

  3. Paul, Prof. Vinod Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 1 August 1955. Specialization: Paediatrics, Newborn Health Address: Member, NITI Aayog, Sansad Marg, New Delhi 110 001, U.T.. Contact: Office: (011) 2309 6809. Residence: (011) 2658 9702. Mobile: 98110 42437. Email: vinodkpaul@gmail.com. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  4. Malik, Prof. Satish Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 22 February 1943. Specialization: Rare Earth Magnetism, Superconductivity and Strongly Correlated Electron Systems Address: Visiting Professor, Centro Internacional de Fisica da Materia Condensada, (CIFMC) ICCMP, Universidade de Brasilia, C.Postal 04513, 70904-970 Brasilia DF, Brazil Contact:

  5. Pati, Prof. Swapan Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Optics, Dipolar Fermionic & Bosonic Lattice Systems, Quantum Many-Body Methods Development Address: Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru 560 064, Karnataka

  6. Dey, Dr Gautam Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 8 June 1957. Specialization: Phase Transformations in Metals & Alloys, Electron Microscopy and Metallic Glasses & Nanocrystalline Materials Address: Head, Materials Science Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085, Maharashtra Contact: Office: (022) 2559 5063. Residence: ...

  7. Proposal of ultra-compact NAND/NOR/XNOR all-optical logic gates based on a nonlinear 3x1 multimode interference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tajaldini, Mehdi; Mat Jafri, M. Z.

    2014-05-01

    We present a highly miniaturized multimode interference (MMI) coupler based on nonlinear modal propagation analysis (NMPA) method as a novel design method and potential application for optical NAND, NOR and XNOR logic gates for Boolean logic signal processing devices. Crystalline polydiacetylene is used to allow the appearances of nonlinear effects in low input intensities and ultra- short length to control the MMI coupler as an active device to access light switching due to its high nonlinear susceptibility. We consider a 10x33 μm2 MMI structure with three inputs and one output. Notably, the access facets are single-mode waveguides with sub-micron width. The center input contributes to control the induced light propagation in MMI by intensity variation whereas others could be launched by particular intensity when they are ON and 0 in OFF. Output intensity is analyzed in various sets of inputs to show the capability of Boolean logic gates, the contrast between ON and OFF is calculated on mentioned gates to present the efficiency. Good operation in low intensity and highly miniaturized MMI coupler is observed. Furthermore, nonlinear effects could be realized through the modal interferences. The issue of high insertion loss is addressed with a 3×3 upgraded coupler. Furthermore, the main significant aspect of this paper is simulating an MMI coupler that is launched by three nonlinear inputs, simultaneously, whereas last presents have never studied more than one input in nonlinear regimes.

  8. Superior PSZ-SOD Gap-Fill Process Integration Using Ultra-Low Dispensation Amount in STI for 28 nm NAND Flash Memory and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun Chi Lai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The gap-fill performance and process of perhydropolysilazane-based inorganic spin-on dielectric (PSZ-SOD film in shallow trench isolation (STI with the ultra-low dispensation amount of PSZ-SOD solution have been investigated in this study. A PSZ-SOD film process includes liner deposition, PSZ-SOD coating, and furnace curing. For liner deposition, hydrophilic property is required to improve the contact angle and gap-fill capability of PSZ-SOD coating. Prior to PSZ-SOD coating, the additional treatment on liner surface is beneficial for the fluidity of PSZ-SOD solution. The superior film thickness uniformity and gap-fill performance of PSZ-SOD film are achieved due to the improved fluidity of PSZ-SOD solution. Following that up, the low dispensation rate of PSZ-SOD solution leads to more PSZ-SOD filling in the trenches. After PSZ-SOD coating, high thermal curing process efficiently promotes PSZ-SOD film conversion into silicon oxide. Adequate conversion from PSZ-SOD into silicon oxide further increases the etching resistance inside the trenches. Integrating the above sequence of optimized factors, void-free gap-fill and well-controlled STI recess uniformity are achieved even when the PSZ-SOD solution dispensation volume is reduced 3 to 6 times compared with conventional condition for the 28 nm node NAND flash and beyond.

  9. Fluid inclusion study of radioactive granite and cherty cataclasite in the Southeastern part of Nanded district, Maharashtra: implications for the uranium mineralisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Banerjee, Rahul; Shivkumar, K.; Thomas, Tresa; Thomas, Jugina; Pandian, M.S.

    2013-01-01

    Southeastern part of Nanded district, Maharashtra exposes Palaeoproterozoic granitoids, representing the younger phase of Peninsular Gneissic Complex (PGC), mark the northeastern extension of Eastern Dharwar Craton. These granitoids are predominantly pink/grey granites, which are traversed by younger phosphatic cherty cataclasites close to the Deccan Trap capping. They are also affected by profuse pegmatitic/quartzo-feldspathic, quartz and epidote venations, especially close to fault/shear zones. A number of N-S to NNE-SSW, NE-SW, NW-SE and E-W trending lineaments marked by faults/fractures/shear zones and dykes are delineated in this granitic terrain. Among these, NE-SW and NNE-SSW faults/shear zones affecting granitoids and cherty cataclasites in Shahpur-Sujayatpur and Thadisaoli area have recorded significant uranium anomalies (Granitoids: upto 1% U 3 O 8 and 0.20% ThO 2 ; Cherty cataclasites upto 0.11% U 3 O 8 and <0.005% ThO 2 ) and enrichment in rare metal and rare earth element content (Nb-77ppm, Y-111 ppm, Zr-432ppm; n=9 and total REE-1167ppm; n=3). Presence of discrete uranium/thorium minerals (uraninite, b-uranophane and thorite) and high content of resistates viz., apatite, zircon, allanite, sphene, cerianite, monazite and ilmenite are responsible for radioactivity in granitoids while phosphatic material accounts for radioactivity in cherty cataclasites

  10. Tartu meeriks pürgijad pakuvad - mis tooks ülikoolile Nobeli preemia / Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Tartu linnapeakandidaadid Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere, Tõni Kauba, Tõnis Lukas ja Andrus Ansip vastavad küsimustele : Tartu Ülikooli arenguvõimalustest ja -vajadustest, konkurentsivõime suurendamisest / vahendasid Sander Silm, Priit Rajalo, Ivi Drikkit

  11. Low morbidity following 9,000-rad intracavitary endocurietherapy (ECT) using the Kumar cervical applicator and external-beam radiotherapy (EXRT) in the management of carcinoma of the uterine cervix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kumar, P.P.; Good, R.R.; Scott, J.C.; Jones, E.O.; Lynch, G.; McCaul, G.F.

    1988-01-01

    The Kumar Cervical Applicator minimizes patient discomfort and improves patient mobility while reducing the tendency of the applicator to rotate during the 40 to 50 hours of uterine intracavitary endocurietherapy. Patients with previously untreated invasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix, F.I.G.O. stages IB-IVA, were treated with two Kumar intracavitary endocurietherapy (ECT) applications of 2,500 rad each to point ''A,'' and 4,000 rad external-beam radiotherapy (EXRT) to midplane, for a total dose of 9,000 rad. The major complication rate was 2.7 %, and the local control rate was 85 % (22/26 patients) for stage I and II, and 91 % (10/11 patients) for stage III and IVA. (author)

  12. Quick-low-density parity check and dynamic threshold voltage optimization in 1X nm triple-level cell NAND flash memory with comprehensive analysis of endurance, retention-time, and temperature variation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doi, Masafumi; Tokutomi, Tsukasa; Hachiya, Shogo; Kobayashi, Atsuro; Tanakamaru, Shuhei; Ning, Sheyang; Ogura Iwasaki, Tomoko; Takeuchi, Ken

    2016-08-01

    NAND flash memory’s reliability degrades with increasing endurance, retention-time and/or temperature. After a comprehensive evaluation of 1X nm triple-level cell (TLC) NAND flash, two highly reliable techniques are proposed. The first proposal, quick low-density parity check (Quick-LDPC), requires only one cell read in order to accurately estimate a bit-error rate (BER) that includes the effects of temperature, write and erase (W/E) cycles and retention-time. As a result, 83% read latency reduction is achieved compared to conventional AEP-LDPC. Also, W/E cycling is extended by 100% compared with conventional Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) error-correcting code (ECC). The second proposal, dynamic threshold voltage optimization (DVO) has two parts, adaptive V Ref shift (AVS) and V TH space control (VSC). AVS reduces read error and latency by adaptively optimizing the reference voltage (V Ref) based on temperature, W/E cycles and retention-time. AVS stores the optimal V Ref’s in a table in order to enable one cell read. VSC further improves AVS by optimizing the voltage margins between V TH states. DVO reduces BER by 80%.

  13. Effect of the nand p-type Si(100) substrates with a SiC buffer layer on the growth mechanism and structure of epitaxial layers of semipolar AlN and GaN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bessolov, V. N.; Grashchenko, A. S.; Konenkova, E. V.; Myasoedov, A. V.; Osipov, A. V.; Red'kov, A. V.; Rodin, S. N.; Rubets, V. P.; Kukushkin, S. A.

    2015-10-01

    A new effect of the n-and p-type doping of the Si(100) substrate with a SiC film on the growth mechanism and structure of AlN and GaN epitaxial layers has been revealed. It has been experimentally shown that the mechanism of AlN and GaN layer growth on the surface of a SiC layer synthesized by substituting atoms on n- and p-Si substrates is fundamentally different. It has been found that semipolar AlN and GaN layers on the SiC/Si(100) surface grow in the epitaxial and polycrystalline structures on p-Si and n-Si substrates, respectively. A new method for synthesizing epitaxial semipolar AlN and GaN layers by chloride-hydride epitaxy on silicon substrates has been proposed.

  14. Comment on ;Evolution of high-pressure mafic granulites and pelitic gneisses from NE Madagascar: Tectonic implications;. Tectonophysics, 662, 219-242 (2015) by Ishwar-Kumar et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goncalves, Philippe; Brandt, Sönke; Nicollet, Christian; Tucker, Robert

    2017-05-01

    Determining the possible tectonic regimes active during the Neoproterozoic is crucial for the knowledge of the evolution of the super-continent Gondwana. In Madagascar, that occupies a key position in Gondwana, there is an on-going debate regarding the location of possible suture zones and the implications in terms of paleo-geography. Recognizing high-pressure to ultra-high pressure conditions in mafic rocks is commonly viewed as a strong argument for paleo-subduction zones. Ishwar-Kumar et al. (2015) report unusual high pressure conditions (24 kbar) in Neoproterozoic to Cambrian rocks from North-Central Madagascar (Andriamena Complex). They propose a geodynamic model in which exhumation of the high pressure terranes from up to 80 km to 40 km occurred via vertical extrusion during the collision of various crustal blocks after subduction and closure of an oceanic domain during the formation of Gondwana in the late Neoproterozoic to Cambrian. We question this model and in particular the (ultra-)high pressure conditions reported, because their estimation is based on a misinterpretation of the petrography and inaccurate thermodynamic modeling for the crucial metabasite sample. The authors suggest that garnet-quartz coronas around orthopyroxene and ilmenite coexist with clinopyroxene. The postulated garnet-clinopyroxene-quartz assemblage is interpreted to document an eclogite facies overprint. However, the presence of abundant plagioclase in the sample and the lack of high jadeite content in clinopyroxene clearly refute the postulated eclogite facies conditions. According to the presented photographs clinopyroxene is part of the rock matrix. We therefore suggest that the sample represents a common two-pyroxene granulite, formed at mid- to low-pressure granulite facies conditions of > 700 °C and Madagascar, this interpretation is not justified by the data presented by Ishwar-Kumar et al. (2015).

  15. Kogu vale kliendilojaalsusest / W. Reinartz, V. Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinartz, W.

    2003-01-01

    Autorid leiavad, et ainult lojaalsusele keskendumise asemel tuleks leida meetodeid mõõtmaks lojaalsuse ja kasumlikkuse omavahelist seost, et selle abil määratleda kliendid, kellele rohkem tähelepanu suunata. Kommenteerivad Eda Odenberg; Ain Taube, Ene Raja, Jaan Tamm ja Indrek Randveer. Diagramm ja tabelid: klientide säilitamise hind; kõrge ja madala kasumlikkusega kliendid; lojaalsusstrateegia valimine vastavalt klientide kasumlikkusele.

  16. Automated Design of Board and MCM Level Digital Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-10-01

    Object- Oriented Programming, 7(6):39-49, October 1994. 46 December 14, 1994 33 [3] Stephen J. Garland, John V. Guttag, and James J. Horning...of Digital Circuits. Mc Graw Hill, 1994. 15 APPENDIX G: ... 93 Multicomponent Partitioning for VLSI System Synthesis Nand Kumar and Ranga Vemuri

  17. Development of Solar Scintillometer Sudhir Kumar Gupta , Shibu K ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A low-pass filter with a cut-off frequency of 0.3 Hz is used to retrieve the slowly varying dc component ... A Graphical User Interface (GUI) is developed in IDL which collects all user ... information on the signal processing unit. Mr. B. L. Paneri of ...

  18. Caput medusae in alcoholic liver disease | Hari Kumar | Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Caput medusae and palmar erythema are cardinal signs in cirrhosis of liver with portal hypertension. Palmar erythema is described more often as a marker for alcoholic etiology of chronic liver disease. The peripheral stigmata of chronic liver disease are not routinely seen now a days due to early diagnosis and better ...

  19. Tribute to an adventurous Indian sedimentologist: Sukomol Kumar ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Aspects of Sedimentary Geology – A Tribute to S K Chanda. Tribute to ... a modest family of strong East Bengalee stock in. Dhaka ... much importance by the Indian geoscientists of .... relationship continued till the last day of his life, ... being reflected a genuine, genteel balance between ... Sarbani's manuscripts to work on.

  20. Cancer Epigenomics: a review | Kumar | Internet Journal of Medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Epigenetic inactivation of genes that are crucial for the control of normal cell growth is a hallmark of cancer cells. Epigenetic modifications of the DNA do not alter the nucleotide sequence instead they involve the regulation of gene transcription and DNA methylation. Hypermethylation or histone deacetylation, which is within ...

  1. Introduction and Overview of the Symposium Anil Kumar (Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) · Slide 2 · Slide 3 · Slide 4 · Slide 5 · Slide 6 · Slide 7 · Slide 8 · Slide 9 · Slide 10 · Slide 11 · Slide 12 · Slide 13 · Slide 14. Author: OpenOffice.org 1.0.1.

  2. Kill a brand, keep a customer / Nirmalya Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumar, Nirmalya

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul peaksid kõik ettevõtted kasumi suurendamiseks aeg-ajalt oma brändiportfelle optimeerima. Brändide hindamisest, liitmisest, müümisest, kasvatamisest ja kaotamisest. Tabel: The brand audit sheet. Lisa: Do you have too many brands?

  3. The mismanagement of customer loyalty / Werner Reinartz, V. Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinartz, Werner

    2004-01-01

    Kliendilojaalsuse olemusest, mõõtmisest ja juhtimisest, lojaalsete klientide eelistest ning põhjustest neist loobumiseks. Diagramm ja tabelid: The cost of keeping customers on; Which customers are really profitable; Choosing a loyalty strategy

  4. Occult Metabolic Bone Disease in Chronic Pancreatitis | Hari Kumar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) leads to malabsorption and metabolic bone disease (MBD). Alcoholic CP (ACP) and tropical CP (TCP) are the two common types of CP. Objective: We investigated the presence of occult MBD in patients with CP and compared the same between ACP and TCP. Materials and Methods: ...

  5. Genre Analysis: The State of the Art (An Online Interview with Vijay Kumar Bhatia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, Vijay Kumar; Salmani Nodoushan, M. A.

    2015-01-01

    In this interview, Vijay Bhatia freely reflects on his personal experiences, perceptions, and views about the development of Genre Analysis in the early eighties towards Critical Genre Analysis today. He offers his impressions about how professionals construct, interpret, use and often exploit generic resources in their everyday practice to meet…

  6. Kumar et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(6):426 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Microscopic determination, counting of identifying number, measurement of ... In the present study, it is selected as control to monitor the variations to ... This process was repeated for each ingredient. (Table 1). Leica DMLS-2 Instrumentation.

  7. Understanding the Persistence of Caste: A Commentary on Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj and Kumar (2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yashpal A. Jogdand

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We contextualise Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj, and Kumar’s (2014 paper within a broader literature on caste and collective mobilisation. Cotterill and colleagues’ paper represents a fresh and timely attempt to make sense of the persistence of caste from the perspective of Social Dominance Theory. Cotterill and colleagues, however, do not examine caste differences in the endorsement of karma, and take behavioural asymmetry among lower castes for granted. Cotterill and colleagues also adhere to a Varna model of the caste system that arguably is simplistic and benefits the upper castes of Indian society. We caution that emphasising behavioural asymmetry and endorsing the Varna model might further stigmatise lower castes, especially Dalits, and feed into a conformity bias already predominant in caste-related psychological research. We argue that the conceptualisation and operationalisation of Right-Wing Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation and legitimising myths in the Indian context needs to take into account the particular meaning and functions of these constructs in specific intergroup contexts, and for identity positions salient within these contexts. We contend that any examination aimed at better understanding the nature of social hierarchy and oppression within the caste system and Indian society in general remains inconclusive without including a focus on the construction and contestation of social categories and social identities.

  8. 214 D. P. Verna, B. Kumar and H C Verma and by

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    To minimise the truncation error, special care was taken while programming and the terms of too different magnitudes, were not added directly. 4. Results and discussion. The results for different c/a are listed in table 1 together with the available calculation of de Wette (1961) using Fourier transforms. The good agreement ...

  9. Contribution of the thraustochytrid Corallochytrium limacisporum Raghu-kumar to microbial biomass in coral reef lagoons

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Raghukumar, S.; Chandramohan, D.; Ramaiah, N.

    ATP and organic carbon (OC) contents of cells of 5 isolates of thraustochytrids, including one of Corallochytrium limacisporum were estimated from cultures OC:ATP ratio in these isolates averaged 99 Based on these and the data collected...

  10. 88 Rama Mohana Rao Chilumuru1*, Cyril Arun Kumar Lakkineni2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-06-06

    Jun 6, 2013 ... (HPLC) method for the quantitative analysis of cypermethrin ... in food has been strictly regulated by government so as to .... The precision of the proposed method was evaluated by carrying ... with the pure drug (Figures 2-6).

  11. Oxidation of L-cystine by chromium(VI) - a kinetic study | Kumar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The kinetics of the title reaction was studied spectrophotometrically in HClO4 medium at 380 nm. The data suggested that the order with respect to cystine is fractional, whereas chromium(VI) follows first order kinetics. The reaction was second order in [H+]. Cysteic acid was found to be the main product of oxidation.

  12. Energetics of Indian winter monsoon P. Kumar@ and A. P. Dimri ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    31

    The model overestimation/underestimation of wind, temperature and specific ..... 500 hPa shows negative bias with maxima over southern Indian ocean (Fig.4c). ..... of the Himalayan terrain, causing orographic lifting or rising motion during. 20.

  13. 110 1*Atkuru Veera Venkata Naga Krishna Sunil Kumar, 2Chandra ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of VDL in biological fluids. These include HPLC with amperometry detection [3], HPLC with UV detection [4], HPLC with fluorescence detection. [5], LC-MS [6,7], GC-MS [8,9] and square-wave adsorption ... stability indicating liquid chromatography with. UV detection ... in drug analysis and the spectrophotometric methods ...

  14. Ensuring the Trust of NAND Flash Memory: Going Beyond the Published Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-17

    SSDs), in order to evaluate advanced Flash memory devices that are not available as individual components on the open market and for which no...measurable changes due to memory cell stress is shown in Figure 3 for a 42 nm SLC Samsung K9K8G08U0D device. Two logical pages were characterized... Samsung K9K8G08U0D device to change from a logical ‘0’ to a logical ‘1’ were measured. Three bits on the page were then fully programmed and erased

  15. Error Characterization and Mitigation for 16Nm MLC NAND Flash Memory Under Total Ionizing Dose Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yue (Inventor); Bruck, Jehoshua (Inventor)

    2018-01-01

    A data device includes a memory having a plurality of memory cells configured to store data values in accordance with a predetermined rank modulation scheme that is optional and a memory controller that receives a current error count from an error decoder of the data device for one or more data operations of the flash memory device and selects an operating mode for data scrubbing in accordance with the received error count and a program cycles count.

  16. An overview of the recent results on fission dynamics from the NAND ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    At present, exploring dissipation phenomena is one of the challenges in nuclear ... The fission width in this work is taken from [14] where the effect of dissipation is ... of the balance between the excitation energies taken away by the pre- and post-scission .... It indicates a shorter fission half-life for 212Rn compared to the.

  17. TID and SEE Response of an Advanced Samsung 4G NAND Flash Memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldham, Timothy R.; Friendlich, M.; Howard, J. W.; Berg, M. D.; Kim, H. S.; Irwin, T. L.; LaBel, K. A.

    2007-01-01

    Initial total ionizing dose (TID) and single event heavy ion test results are presented for an unhardened commercial flash memory, fabricated with 63 nm technology. Results are that the parts survive to a TID of nearly 200 krad (SiO2), with a tractable soft error rate of about 10(exp -l2) errors/bit-day, for the Adams Ten Percent Worst Case Environment.

  18. Summary of Schottky barrier height data on epitaxially grown n-and p-GaAs

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Myburg, G

    1998-07-18

    Full Text Available –Mott theory, if all 43 metals are taken into account. Similar results were obtained if the metal work function was replaced by the Pauling or Miedema electro negativities. In contrast with this, if only a selected group of metals is chosen and more...

  19. 76 FR 55417 - In the Matter of Certain Dynamic Random Access Memory and Nand Flash Memory Devices and Products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... Bldg. 3F, 2-1 Yaesu 2- chome Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0028, Japan. Elpida Memory (USA) Inc., 1175 Sonora..., Round Rock, TX 78682. Hewlett-Packard Company, 3000 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304. Kingston...

  20. Homogeneous-oxide stack in IGZO thin-film transistors for multi-level-cell NAND memory application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Hao; Wei, Yehui; Zhang, Xinlei; Jiang, Ran

    2017-11-01

    A nonvolatile charge-trap-flash memory that is based on amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide thin film transistors was fabricated with a homogeneous-oxide structure for a multi-level-cell application. All oxide layers, i.e., tunneling layer, charge trapping layer, and blocking layer, were fabricated with Al2O3 films. The fabrication condition (including temperature and deposition method) of the charge trapping layer was different from those of the other oxide layers. This device demonstrated a considerable large memory window of 4 V between the states fully erased and programmed with the operation voltage less than 14 V. This kind of device shows a good prospect for multi-level-cell memory applications.

  1. In2Ga2ZnO7 oxide semiconductor based charge trap device for NAND flash memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Eun Suk; Kim, Jun Shik; Jeon, Seok Min; Lee, Seung Jun; Jang, Younjin; Cho, Deok-Yong; Hwang, Cheol Seong

    2018-04-01

    The programming characteristics of charge trap flash memory device adopting amorphous In2Ga2ZnO7 (a-IGZO) oxide semiconductors as channel layer were evaluated. Metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) and RF-sputtering processes were used to grow a 45 nm thick a-IGZO layer on a 20 nm thick SiO2 (blocking oxide)/p++-Si (control gate) substrate, where 3 nm thick atomic layer deposited Al2O3 (tunneling oxide) and 5 nm thick low-pressure CVD Si3N4 (charge trap) layers were intervened between the a-IGZO and substrate. Despite the identical stoichiometry and other physicochemical properties of the MOCVD and sputtered a-IGZO, a much faster programming speed of MOCVD a-IGZO was observed. A comparable amount of oxygen vacancies was found in both MOCVD and sputtered a-IGZO, confirmed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and bias-illumination-instability test measurements. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed a higher Fermi level (E F) of the MOCVD a-IGZO (∼0.3 eV) film than that of the sputtered a-IGZO, which could be ascribed to the higher hydrogen concentration in the MOCVD a-IGZO film. Since the programming in a flash memory device is governed by the tunneling of electrons from the channel to charge trapping layer, the faster programming performance could be the result of a higher E F of MOCVD a-IGZO.

  2. 77 FR 74222 - Certain Dynamic Random Access Memory and NAND Flash Memory Devices and Products Containing Same...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    .... of Freemont, California; Dell, Inc. of Round Rock, Texas; Hewlett-Packard Company of Palo Alto...: Clint Gerdine, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW....m. to 5:15 p.m.) in the Office of the Secretary, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street...

  3. General N-and O-Linked Glycosylation of Lipoproteins in Mycoplasmas and Role of Exogenous Oligosaccharide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daubenspeck, James M; Jordan, David S; Simmons, Warren; Renfrow, Matthew B; Dybvig, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    The lack of a cell wall, flagella, fimbria, and other extracellular appendages and the possession of only a single membrane render the mycoplasmas structurally simplistic and ideal model organisms for the study of glycoconjugates. Most species have genomes of about 800 kb and code for few proteins predicted to have a role in glycobiology. The murine pathogens Mycoplasma arthritidis and Mycoplasma pulmonis have only a single gene annotated as coding for a glycosyltransferase but synthesize glycolipid, polysaccharide and glycoproteins. Previously, it was shown that M. arthritidis glycosylated surface lipoproteins through O-linkage. In the current study, O-linked glycoproteins were similarly found in M. pulmonis and both species of mycoplasma were found to also possess N-linked glycans at residues of asparagine and glutamine. Protein glycosylation occurred at numerous sites on surface-exposed lipoproteins with no apparent amino acid sequence specificity. The lipoproteins of Mycoplasma pneumoniae also are glycosylated. Glycosylation was dependent on the glycosidic linkages from host oligosaccharides. As far as we are aware, N-linked glycoproteins have not been previously described in Gram-positive bacteria, the organisms to which the mycoplasmas are phylogenetically related. The findings indicate that the mycoplasma cell surface is heavily glycosylated with implications for the modulation of mycoplasma-host interactions.

  4. X-ray/UV variability and the origin of soft X-ray excess emission from II Zw 177

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, Main

    We study a detailed broad-band X-ray/UV emission from the narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxy II Zw 177 based on two XMM-Newton and single Swift/XRT observations. Both XMM-Newton observations show the soft X-ray excess emission below 2 keV when the best-fit 2 - 10 keV power law is extrapolated down to 0.3 keV. We find the blurred reflection from an ionized accretion disc and Comptonized disc emission both describe the observed soft excess well. We find a remarkable trend of decreasing UV flux with increasing soft X-ray excess and power law emission. We suggest that this could be due to that the external edge of corona hide a fraction of accretion disk. Co-Author: Prof. Gulab C. Dewangan (IUCAA), Prof. Ranjeev Misra (IUCAA), Pramod Kumar (Nanded university)

  5. Highly scalable 3-D NAND-NOR hybrid-type dual bit per cell flash memory devices with an additional cut-off gate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cho, Seongjae; Shim, Wonbo; Park, Ilhan; Kim, Yoon; Park, Byunggook

    2010-01-01

    In this work, a nonvolatile memory (NVM) device of novel structure in 3 dimensions is introduced, and its operation physics is validated. It is based on a pillar structure in which two identical storage nodes are located for dual-bit operation. The two storage nodes on neighboring pillars are controlled by using one common control gate so that the space between silicon pillars can be further reduced. For compatibility with conventional memory operations, an additional cut-off gate is constructed under the common control gate. This is considered as the ultimate form for a 3-D nonvolatile memory device based on a double-gate structure. The underlying physics is explained, and the operational schemes are validated in various aspects by using a numerical device simulation. Also, critical issues in device design for higher reliability are discussed.

  6. Threshold voltage variation depending on single grain boundary and stored charges in an adjacent cell for vertical silicon–oxide–nitride–oxide–silicon NAND flash memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Hyeongwan; Kim, Jiwon; Baek, Rock-Hyun; Lee, Jeong-Soo

    2018-04-01

    The effects of single grain boundary (SGB) position and stored electron charges in an adjacent cell in silicon–oxide–nitride–oxide–silicon (SONOS) structures on the variations of threshold voltage (V th) were investigated using technology computer-aided design (TCAD) simulation. As the bit line voltage increases, the SGB position causing the maximum V th variation was shifted from the center to the source side in the channel, owing to the drain-induced grain barrier lowering effect. When the SGB is located in the spacer region, the potential interaction from both the SGB and the stored electron charges in the adjacent cell becomes significant and thus resulting in larger V th variation. In contrast, when the SGB is located at the center of the channel, the peak position of potential barrier is shifted to the center, so that the influence of the adjacent cell is diminished. As the gate length is scaled down to 20 nm, the influence of stored charges in adjacent cells becomes significant, resulting in larger V th variations.

  7. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This paper formulates a new design technique for an area and energy efficient Universal NAND gate. The proposed robust three transistors (3T) based NAND gate is just as effective for dynamic power control in CMOS VLSI circuits for System on Chip (SoC) applications. The 3T NAND gate is intuitively momentous and lead ...

  8. Focus Area Science Technology Summer Fellowship (FAST-SF)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  9. Forthcoming Articles | Pramana – Journal of Physics | Journals ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  10. 10-Associateship | 3-Fellowship | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  11. 94440 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  12. 98692 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  13. 93412 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  14. 99007 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  15. 99782 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  16. 94498 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  17. 99306 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  18. Comment on "Evaluating interactions between groundwater and vadose zone using the HYDRUS-based flow package for MODFLOW" by Navin Kumar C. Twarakavi, Jirka Šimůnek and Sophia Seo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niswonger, R.G.; Prudic, David E.

    2009-01-01

    Twarakavi et al (2008) compared four packages that can be used to estimate recharge for regional-scale groundwater flow simulations using MODFLOW (Harbaugh, 2005). This comment is focused on the comparisons made between two of these packages, namely, UZF1 (Niswonger et al., 2006) and a derivative of HYDRUS referred to herein as HYDRUS (Seo et al., 2007). In their paper, Twarakavi et al. (2008) stated that HYDRUS more accurately simulates unsaturated flow processes and groundwater recharge as compared to UZF1. However, Twarakavi et al. (2008) did not address several important differences between these models that undermine the advantages of HYDRUS as compared to UZF1 for simulating recharge. These differences were not revealed by the comparisons presented by Twarakavi et al. because the test simulations used to compare the models were too simple

  19. Discussion on ‘‘Bearing capacity of circular footings over rock mass by using axisymmetric quasi lower bound finite element limit analysis” by Manash Chakraborty and Jyant Kumar [Comput. Geotech. 70 (2015) 138–149

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Johan Christian

    2016-01-01

    The commenter has read the above mentioned article with great interest and will commend the authors for their work. The article give rise to some comments which will be presented in the following. The designations and symbols used in this comment corresponds to those used in the commented paper....

  20. Enriched whole genome sequencing identified compensatory mutations in the RNA polymerase gene of rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium leprae strains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavania M

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Mallika Lavania,1 Itu Singh,1 Ravindra P Turankar,1 Anuj Kumar Gupta,2 Madhvi Ahuja,1 Vinay Pathak,1 Utpal Sengupta1 1Stanley Browne Laboratory, The Leprosy Mission Trust India, TLM Community Hospital Nand Nagari, 2Agilent Technologies India Pvt Ltd, Jasola District Centre, New Delhi, India Abstract: Despite more than three decades of multidrug therapy (MDT, leprosy remains a major public health issue in several endemic countries, including India. The emergence of drug resistance in Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae is a cause of concern and poses a threat to the leprosy-control program, which might ultimately dampen the achievement of the elimination program of the country. Rifampicin resistance in clinical strains of M. leprae are supposed to arise from harboring bacterial strains with mutations in the 81-bp rifampicin resistance determining region (RRDR of the rpoB gene. However, complete dynamics of rifampicin resistance are not explained only by this mutation in leprosy strains. To understand the role of other compensatory mutations and transmission dynamics of drug-resistant leprosy, a genome-wide sequencing of 11 M. leprae strains – comprising five rifampicin-resistant strains, five sensitive strains, and one reference strain – was done in this study. We observed the presence of compensatory mutations in two rifampicin-resistant strains in rpoC and mmpL7 genes, along with rpoB, that may additionally be responsible for conferring resistance in those strains. Our findings support the role for compensatory mutation(s in RNA polymerase gene(s, resulting in rifampicin resistance in relapsed leprosy patients. Keywords: leprosy, rifampicin resistance, compensatory mutations, next generation sequencing, relapsed, MDT, India

  1. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION Non-oxidative methane ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    dell

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Non-oxidative methane dehydroaromatization reaction over highly active α-MoC1-x ZSM-5 derived from pretreatment. BUDDE PRADEEP KUMAR, ARVIND KUMAR SINGH and SREEDEVI UPADHYAYULA*. Heterogeneous Catalysis & Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of ...

  2. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A meta-heuristic cuckoo search and eigen permutation approach for model order ... The proposed approach preserves the stability of the original system into the lower ... AKHILESH KUMAR GUPTA1 DEEPAK KUMAR1 PAULSON SAMUEL1.

  3. Organizing Committee Panel of Referees 193

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , Panjab University. Vipin Bhatnagar, Panjab University. M M Gupta, Panjab University. Manjit Kaur, Panjab University. C N Kumar, Panjab University. Kuldeep Kumar, Panjab University (Secretary). G Rajasekaran, IMSc, Chennai.

  4. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Methylpiperidin-4-yl) methyl] arylsulfonyl]-1H-indoles: Synthesis, SAR and biological evaluation as a novel class of 5-HT6 Receptor Antagonists. Ramakrishna V S Nirogi Rajesh Kumar Badange Kiran Kumar Kandukuri Mukkanti Khagga. Regular ...

  5. 77 FR 30524 - Pesticide Products; Receipt of Applications To Register New Uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ...; globe artichoke; taro leaves; and watercress. Contact: Rita Kumar, (703) 308-8291, email address: kumar... Classification/Uses: For formulation into technical and end-use herbicide products used on: Artichoke, Cabbage...

  6. Disease: H01436 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available etion. ... JOURNAL ... Am J Med Genet 113:275-8 (2002) DOI:10.1002/ajmg.10725 ... PMID:25738052 ... AUTHORS ... Kumar... M, Aroor S, Mundkur S, Kumar S ... TITLE ... Guillain-barre syndrome: a clinical stu

  7. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Ellis Bagga1 Sunita Kumari1 Rajesh Kumar1 Rakesh Kumar1 R P Bajpai1 Lalit M Bharadwaj1. Biomolecular Electronics and Nanotechnology Division, Central Scientific Instrument Organisation, Sector 30/C, Chandigarh 160 030, India ...

  8. Identification of micro satellite markers on chromosomes of bread ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Identification of micro satellite markers on chromosomes of bread wheat showing an association with karnal bunt resistance. M Kumar, OP Luthra, NR Yadav, L Chaudhary, N Saini, R Kumar, I Sharma, V Chawla ...

  9. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Amit Kumar Mitra. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 93 Issue 2 August 2014 pp 459-469 Research Article. LIG1 polymorphisms: the Indian scenario · Amit Kumar Mitra Ashok Singh Indian Genome Variation Consortium Srikanta Kumar Rath · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  10. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Naveen Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 118 Issue 5 October 2009 pp 539-549. Analytical solutions of one-dimensional advection–diffusion equation with variable coefficients in a finite domain · Atul Kumar Dilip Kumar Jaiswal Naveen ...

  11. Heterogeneous expression and functional evaluation of in silico ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aghomotsegin

    vaccine to eradicate zoonotic transmission. Richa Jha1*, Anil Kumar1, Anjani Saxena2, Mamta Pandey2, Rajesh Kumar3 and. Mumtesh Kumar Saxena2. 1Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, G.B. Pant. University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, ...

  12. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Naveen Kumar Nair. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 37 Issue 2 June 2012 pp 301-312 Review. Nucleic acids in circulation: Are they harmful to the host? Indraneel Mittra Naveen Kumar Nair Pradyumna Kumar Mishra · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. It has been ...

  13. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Dinesh Kumar. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 25 Issue 6 November 2002 pp 549-551. Semiconductor applications of plasma immersion ion implantation technology · Mukesh Kumar Rajkumar Dinesh Kumar P J George · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  14. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Laser pulse heating of nuclear fuels for simulation of reactor power transients · C S Viswanadham K C Sahoo T R G Kutty K B Khan V P Jathar S Anantharaman Arun Kumar G K ... Laser-assisted surface cleaning of metallic components · Aniruddha Kumar R B Bhatt P G Behere Mohd Afzal Arun Kumar J P Nilaya D J Biswas.

  15. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. A KUMAR. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 88 Issue 5 May 2017 pp 79 Research Article. Physics potential of the ICAL detector at the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) · A KUMAR A M VINOD KUMAR ABHIK JASH AJIT K MOHANTY ALEENA ...

  16. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. ANUP KUMAR RAJAK. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 10 October 2016 pp 1209-1218. Designing of fuzzy expert heuristic models with cost management toward coordinating AHP, fuzzy TOPSIS and FIS approaches · ANUP KUMAR RAJAK MALAY NIRAJ SHALENDRA KUMAR.

  17. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 128; Issue 3. Synthesis and characterization of gold nanoparticles incorporated bentonite clay for electrocatalytic sensing of arsenic(III). Pankaj Kumar Rastogi Dharmendra Kumar Yadav Shruti Pandey Vellaichamy Ganesan Piyush Kumar Sonkar Rupali Gupta.

  18. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Optimization of weld bead geometry of MS plate (Grade: IS 2062) in the context of welding: a comparative analysis of GRA and PCA–Taguchi approaches · NITIN KUMAR SAHU ATUL KUMAR SAHU ANOOP KUMAR SAHU · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In the last few decades, researchers proceeded their foot for ...

  19. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Sunil Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 30 Issue 1 February 2005 pp 21-46. Ion cyclotron resonance heating system on Aditya · D Bora Sunil Kumar Raj Singh S V Kulkarni A Mukherjee J P Singh Raguraj Singh S Dani A Patel Sai Kumar V George Y S S Srinivas P Khilar M Kushwah P ...

  20. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. ABHAY KUMAR SINGH. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 5 May 2016 pp 541-548. Optimal time policy for deteriorating items of two-warehouse inventory system with time and stock dependent demand and partial backlogging · SHIV KUMAR ABHAY KUMAR SINGH · More Details ...

  1. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Optimization of Weibull deteriorating items inventory model under the effect of price and time dependent demand with partial backlogging · SHIV KUMAR ABHAY KUMAR SINGH MANOJ KUMAR PATEL · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this study, we have discussed the development of an inventory model when the ...

  2. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. SHALENDRA KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 10 October 2016 pp 1209-1218. Designing of fuzzy expert heuristic models with cost management toward coordinating AHP, fuzzy TOPSIS and FIS approaches · ANUP KUMAR RAJAK MALAY NIRAJ SHALENDRA KUMAR.

  3. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Rakesh Kumar. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 57 Issue 1 July 2001 pp 215-218 Others. The automatic liquid nitrogen filling system for GDA detectors · Rakesh Kumar A J Malyadri S Muralithar Ruby Shanti S K Saini Kusum Rani B P Ajith Kumar ...

  4. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. B P Ajith Kumar. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 57 Issue 1 July 2001 pp 215-218 Others. The automatic liquid nitrogen filling system for GDA detectors · Rakesh Kumar A J Malyadri S Muralithar Ruby Shanti S K Saini Kusum Rani B P Ajith Kumar ...

  5. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 11, No 35 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BioRadBase: A database for bioremediation of radioactive waste · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. R Reena, Manash Chandra Majhi, Arvind Kumar Arya, Rita Kumar, Anil Kumar, 8718-8721. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB12.020 ...

  6. Effects of Seven Different Irrigation Techniques on Debris and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-09-19

    Sep 19, 2015 ... Aim: Conventional manual irrigation with a syringe and needle remains widely ..... C M A Total C M A Total C M A Total C M A Total C M A Total C M A Total C M A ..... Andrabi SM, Kumar A, Kumar Tewari R, Kumar Mishra S,.

  7. compounds with N=N, C≡C or conjugated double-bonded systems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unusual products in the reactions of phosphorus(III) compounds with. N=N, C≡C or conjugated double-bonded systems. K C KUMARA SWAMY,* E BALARAMAN, M PHANI PAVAN, N N BHUVAN KUMAR,. K PRAVEEN KUMAR and N SATISH KUMAR. School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500 046.

  8. Morning cortisol is lower in obese individuals with normal glucose tolerance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Praveen EP

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Edavan P Praveen1, Jaya Prakash Sahoo1, Bindu Kulshreshtha2, Madan L Khurana3, Nandita Gupta1, Sada Nand Dwivedi3, Guresh Kumar3, Ariachery C Ammini11Department of Endocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, 2Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, 3Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, IndiaBackground: There is no consensus on the role of cortisol in the pathogenesis of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS. This cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the relationship of morning plasma cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH levels with body mass index (BMI and glucose tolerance.Subjects and methods: The sample frame was the “Offspring of individuals with diabetes study” database. A total of 358 offspring of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM and 287 individuals without a known family history of T2DM were recruited for the study. Subjects who were ≥10 years of age were selected from the database for analysis. Subjects with T2DM were excluded. All participants underwent a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT, and blood samples were collected at 0, 30, 60, and 120 minutes for glucose, insulin and C-peptide. Plasma cortisol, ACTH, and lipid profile were estimated from the fasting sample.Results: Four hundred and ninety-five participants (305 males [62%] and 190 females [38%] were included in the analysis. ACTH and cortisol levels were higher in normal-weight subjects than in overweight/obese subjects. Both ACTH and cortisol increased as fasting plasma glucose increased. Cortisol levels were significantly lower in offspring of T2DM subjects with MS than in offspring of T2DM subjects without MS. When adjusted for BMI, the significance was marginal. In males, cortisol levels were negatively correlated with early insulin secretion during OGTT (insulinogenic index [0–30] and positively with waist circumference and serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In females, fasting

  9. Amartya Kumar Sen, La démocratie des autres. Pourquoi la liberté n’est pas une invention de l’Occident, traduit de l’américain par Monique Bégot, Paris, Payot et Rivages (Manuels Payot, 85 p., 10 euros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Gilardone

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available La démocratie est certainement le fil conducteur de l’ensemble de l’œuvre – a priori épars – de l’économiste et philosophe Amartya Sen. D’une part, sa foi en la démocratie apparaît comme la raison première de sa volonté de défier le « théorème d’impossibilité » établi par Kenneth Arrow au début des années cinquante, et comme une ligne directrice dans sa recherche en théorie du choix social. D’autre part, dans ses analyses de problèmes sociaux plus empiriques, comme la famine ou les inégalités...

  10. Study of the oxidation resistance of ZrxNand ZrxSi1-xN thin films deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering; Estudo da resistencia a oxidacao de filmes finos de ZrxN e ZrxSi1-xN depositados por magnetron sputtering reativo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernandez, D.R.; Freitas, F.G.R.; Felix, L.C.; Carvalho, R.G.; Fontes Junior, A.S.; Tentardini, E.K., E-mail: daniel.angel0275@gmail.com [Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Sao Cristovao, SE (Brazil). Departamento de Ciencia e Engenharia de Materiais; Silva Junior, H. da [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    The objective of this work is to evaluate the oxidation resistance on pure zirconium nitride thin films and with silicon addition (ZrN and ZrSiN respectively). The thin films deposition were performed using reactive magnetron sputtering. The coatings were characterized by Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS), grazing angle X ray diffraction (GAXRD), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM-FEG) and oxidation tests starting from 500°C to 700°C. This study evaluated thin films with silicon content up to 14,9 at.%. GAXRD results showed only ZrN characteristics peaks, which allow the inference that Si3N4 has an amorphous structure. Oxidation tests demonstrate that the film with highest silicon content shows an increase of 200°C in oxidation temperature when compared with ZrN pure thin film. (author)

  11. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sanjeevani' (Selaginella bryopteris) can promote growth and protect against heat shock and apoptotic activities of ultra violet and oxidative stress · Nand K Sah Shyam Nandan P Singh Sudhir Sahdev Sharmishta Banerji Vidyanath Jha Zakir Khan Seyed ...

  12. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    3-thiosemicarbazide complexes with some first row transition metal ions · Nand K Singh Saty B Singh Anuraag Shrivastav Sukh M Singh · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The ligand 1,4-dibenzoyl-3-thiosemicarbazide (DBtsc) forms ...

  13. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. MADHURI LAKHANE1 2 RAJENDRA KHAIRNAR1 MEGHA MAHABOLE1. School of Physical Sciences, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded (MS) 431606, India; Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maribor, Maribor 2000, Slovenia ...

  14. Methods in mooring deep sea sediment traps

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Venkatesan, R.; Fernando, V.; Rajaraman, V.S.; Janakiraman, G.

    The experience gained during the process of deployment and retrieval of nearly 39 sets of deep sea sediment trap moorings on various ships like FS Sonne, ORV Sagarkanya and DSV Nand Rachit are outlined. The various problems encountered...

  15. Advanced error-prediction LDPC with temperature compensation for highly reliable SSDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokutomi, Tsukasa; Tanakamaru, Shuhei; Iwasaki, Tomoko Ogura; Takeuchi, Ken

    2015-09-01

    To improve the reliability of NAND Flash memory based solid-state drives (SSDs), error-prediction LDPC (EP-LDPC) has been proposed for multi-level-cell (MLC) NAND Flash memory (Tanakamaru et al., 2012, 2013), which is effective for long retention times. However, EP-LDPC is not as effective for triple-level cell (TLC) NAND Flash memory, because TLC NAND Flash has higher error rates and is more sensitive to program-disturb error. Therefore, advanced error-prediction LDPC (AEP-LDPC) has been proposed for TLC NAND Flash memory (Tokutomi et al., 2014). AEP-LDPC can correct errors more accurately by precisely describing the error phenomena. In this paper, the effects of AEP-LDPC are investigated in a 2×nm TLC NAND Flash memory with temperature characterization. Compared with LDPC-with-BER-only, the SSD's data-retention time is increased by 3.4× and 9.5× at room-temperature (RT) and 85 °C, respectively. Similarly, the acceptable BER is increased by 1.8× and 2.3×, respectively. Moreover, AEP-LDPC can correct errors with pre-determined tables made at higher temperatures to shorten the measurement time before shipping. Furthermore, it is found that one table can cover behavior over a range of temperatures in AEP-LDPC. As a result, the total table size can be reduced to 777 kBytes, which makes this approach more practical.

  16. Monolithically integrated enhancement/depletion-mode AlGaN/GaN HEMT D flip-flop using fluorine plasma treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xie Yuanbin; Quan Si; Ma Xiaohua; Zhang Jincheng; Li Qingmin; Hao Yue

    2011-01-01

    Depletion-mode and enhancement-mode AlGaN/GaN HEMTs using fluorine plasma treatment were integrated on one wafer. Direct-coupled FET logic circuits, such as an E/D HEMT inverter, NAND gate and D flip-flop, were fabricated on an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure. The D flip-flop and NAND gate are demonstrated in a GaN system for the first time. The dual-gate AlGaN/GaN E-HEMT substitutes two single-gate E-HEMTs for simplifying the NAND gate and shrinking the area, integrating with a conventional AlGaN/GaN D-HEMT and demonstrating a NAND gate. E/D-mode D flip-flop was fabricated by integrating the inverters and the NAND gate on the AlGaN/GaN heterostructure. At a supply voltage of 2 V, the E/D inverter shows an output logic swing of 1.7 V, a logic-low noise margin of 0.49 V and a logic-high noise margin of 0.83 V. The NAND gate and D flip-flop showed correct logic function demonstrating promising potential for GaN-based digital ICs. (semiconductor integrated circuits)

  17. Implementation of Self-Bias Transistor on Voting Logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harzawardi Hasim; Syirrazie Che Soh

    2014-01-01

    Study in the eld of digital integrated circuit (IC) already become common to the modern industrial. Day by day we have been introduced with new gadget that was developed based on transistor. This paper will study the implementation of self-bias transistor on voting logic. The self-bias transistor will connected both on pull-up network and pull-down network. On previous research, study on comparison of total number of transistors, time propagation delay, and frequency between NAND and NOR gate of voting logic. It's show, with the same number of transistor, NAND gate achieve high frequency and low time propagation delay compare to NOR gate. We extend this analysis by comparing the total number of transistor, time propagation delay, frequency and power dissipation between common NAND gate with self-bias NAND gate. Extensive LTSpice simulations were performed using IBM 90 nm CMOS(Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) process technology. The result show self-bias voting NAND gate consumes 54 % less power dissipation, 43% slow frequency and 43 % high time propagation delay compare to common voting NAND gate. (author)

  18. Low Temperature Grown and Highly Non-Stoichiometric GaAs and Related Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-08-03

    Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931 P.W. COOKE* GEO-Centers, Inc., Fort Monmouth, Operations NJ 07703 P. ASOKA -KUMAR and K.G. LYNN Department of...Lake Hopatcong, NJ 07849. possible through the formation of split interstitial 1405 1406 Umlor, Keeble, Cooke, Asoka -Kumar, and Lynn Mean...drawn to guide the eye only.) 1408 Umlor, Keeble, Cooke, Asoka -Kumar, and Lynn commonly observed in our samples with the anneal Division of Materials

  19. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Superconducting linear accelerator system for NSC · P N Prakash T S Datta B P Ajith Kumar J Antony P Barua J Chacko A Choudhury G K Chadhari S Ghosh S Kar S A Krishnan Manoj Kumar Rajesh Kumar A Mandal D S Mathuria R S Meena R Mehta K K Mistri A Pandey M V Suresh Babu B K Sahu A Sarkar S S K Sonti A ...

  20. New associates | Announcements | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sushmee Badhulika, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad ... Sankar Chakma, Indian Institute of Science Education & Research, Bhopal Joydeep ... B Praveen Kumar, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services, Hyderabad

  1. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Sushil Kumar Addy. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 30 Issue 1 February 2005 pp 1-10. Thermal effect on gravity waves in a compressible liquid layer over a solid half-space under initial hydrostatic stress · Sushil Kumar Addy Nil Ratan Chakraborty · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  2. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Nitin Kumar Dhiman. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 40 Issue 5 August 2015 pp 1385-1433. Where am I? Creating spatial awareness in unmanned ground robots using SLAM: A survey · Nitin Kumar Dhiman Dipti Deodhare Deepak Khemani · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. This paper ...

  3. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Barin Kumar De. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 122 Issue 4 August 2013 pp 1013-1021. Characteristics of severe thunderstorms studied with the aid of VLF atmospherics over North–East India · A Guha Trisanu Banik Barin Kumar De Rakesh ...

  4. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. AJAY KUMAR SOOD. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 3 March 2017 pp 433-445. Drag reduction by the introduction of shear-free surfaces in a turbulent channel flow · AJAY KUMAR SOOD MURALI R CHOLEMARI BALAJI SRINIVASAN · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  5. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. PRADEEP KUMAR BUDDE. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 130 Issue 3 March 2018 pp 27. Non-oxidative methane dehydroaromatization reaction over highly active α-MoC1−x ZSM-5 derived from pretreatment · PRADEEP KUMAR BUDDE ARVIND ...

  6. Phonon Confinement Effect in TiO2 Nanoparticles as Thermosensor Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-24

    Reprinted in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology (March 28, 2011). 2) Junwei Wang, Ashish Kumar Mishra, Qing Zhao and Liping Huang...application", Applied Physics Letters, 105, 113104 (2014). 7) Ashish Kumar Mishra, K.V. Lakshmi and Liping Huang, " Eco -friendly Scalable Production of

  7. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Sunil Kumar. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 76 Issue 2 February 2011 pp 223-239 Invited Papers. Influence of near-edge processes in the elemental analysis using X-ray emission-based techniques · Gurjeet Singh Sunil Kumar N Singh J Goswamy ...

  8. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Rajesh Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 29 Issue 6 December 2004 pp 589-604. Techniques based on genetic algorithms for large deflection analysis of beams · Rajesh Kumar L S Ramachandra D Roy · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A couple of non-convex search strategies, ...

  9. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Pankaj Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 32 Issue 1 January 2007 pp 3-15 Articles. Simple sequence repeats in mycobacterial genomes · Vattipally B Sreenu Pankaj Kumar Javaregowda Nagaraju Hampapathalu A Nagarajaram · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  10. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Manoj Kumar. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 26 Issue 3 April 2003 pp 335-341 Glasses. Optical absorption and fluorescent behaviour of titanium ions in silicate glasses · Manoj Kumar Aman Uniyal A P S Chauhan S P Singh · More Details Abstract ...

  11. resonant inverter supplied interior permanent magnet (ipm)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    [5] Zhenyue Hong, “DC-voltage link resonant inverters”, Department of Electrical and. Electronic Engineering University of. Canterbury, New Zealand. [6] Kalyan Kumar Halder, Naruttam Kumar Roy and B.C. Ghosh, “Position Sensorless. Control for an Interior Permanent Magnet. Synchronous Motor SVM Drive with ANN.

  12. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2004-10-27

    Oct 27, 2004 ... Heat stress response in plants: a complex game with chaperones and more than twenty heat stress transcription factors. Sanjeev Kumar Baniwal Kapil Bharti Kwan Yu Chan Markus Fauth Arnab Ganguli Sachin Kotak Shravan Kumar Mishra Lutz Nover Markus Port Klaus-Dieter Scharf Joanna Tripp ...

  13. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. ANISH KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 6 June 2017 pp 981-1005. Mathematical modeling and analysis of WEDM machining parameters of nickel-based super alloy using response surface methodology · M P GARG ANISH KUMAR C K SAHU · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  14. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Rajesh Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 121 Issue 4 July 2009 pp 497-502. Synthesis, antimicrobial and antifungal activities of novel 1H-1,4-diazepines containing pyrazolopyrimidinone moiety · Rajesh Kumar Yogesh Chandra Joshi.

  15. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. M Madhupratap. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 109 Issue 4 December 2000 pp 433-441. Physical control of primary productivity on a seasonal scale in the central and eastern Arabian Sea · S Prasanna kumar M Madhupratap M Dileep kumar M ...

  16. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. C SUDHEER KUMAR. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 42 Issue 3 September 2017 pp 469-479 Article. Modulation of chaperone-like and membranolytic activities of major horse seminal plasma protein HSP-1/2 by L-carnitine · C SUDHEER KUMAR MUSTI J ...

  17. Cloud Computing at the Tactical Edge

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    Web Services and Cloud Computing to Create Next-Generation Mobile Applications,” 627-634. Proceedings of the 24th ACM SIGPLAN Conference Companion on...the 1st Workshop on Mobile Middleware. Leuven, Belgium, December 2008. ACM, 2008. [Kumar 2010] Kumar, K. & Lu, Y. “ Cloud Computing for Mobile Users

  18. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Archan Kumar Das. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 64 Issue 2 February 2005 pp 239-247 Research Articles. A new approach of binary addition and subtraction by non-linear material based switching technique · Archan Kumar Das Partha Partima ...

  19. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Ch Vijay Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 121 Issue 1 January 2009 pp 75-82 Full Papers. Unsymmetrical extended -conjugated zinc phthalocyanine for sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films · L Giribabu Ch Vijay Kumar P Yella Reddy ...

  20. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Hemant Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 40 Issue 4 June 2015 pp 1283-1299 Mechanical Sciences. Study of a 30 MW bubbling fluidized bed combustor based on co-firing biomass and coal · Hemant Kumar S K Mohapatra Ravi Inder Singh · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Today's ...

  1. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Anil Kumar Yadav. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 39 Issue 4 August 2014 pp 765-783. AI-based adaptive control and design of autopilot system for nonlinear UAV · Anil Kumar Yadav Prerna Gaur · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The objective of this paper is to design an autopilot system ...

  2. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    86 Understanding Chemistry. Animesh Chakraverty. 88 Indian Mathematics and Astronomy: Some Landmarks. Michie Vane. REFLECTIONS. 92 Professor Sisir Kumar Mitra - As I Remember Him. Mrinal Kumar Das Gupta. Front Cover. Back Cover. Auroral Bands. (Photo courtesy: Prof. Chanchal Uberoi, liSe. BangaloreJ.

  3. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Sushil Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 79 Issue 3 2000 pp 97-104. Induced mutation to monocotyledony in periwinkle, Catharanthus roseus, and suppression of mutant phenotype by kinetin · Shashi Pandey Rai Sushil Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  4. Yb3+-Er3+ square nanoplates VAIRAPPERUMAL TAMILMANI

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    VAIRAPPERUMAL TAMILMANI,a ABHISHEK KUMAR SONI,b VINEET KUMAR RAI,b. BALACHANDRAN UNNI NAIR,a and KALARICAL JANARDHANAN SREERAM*,a. aChemical Laboratory, CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai 600 020, Tamilnadu,. India. bLaser and Spectroscopy Laboratory, Department ...

  5. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. P SHARATH KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 8 August 2017 pp 1309-1316. Multiple-load series resonant inverter for induction cooking application with pulse density modulation · P SHARATH KUMAR · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Multiple-load induction cooking ...

  6. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. AMIT KUMAR JAIN. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 8 August 2017 pp 1275-1283. Single-current-sensor-based active front-end-converter-fed four quadrants induction motor drive · JOSEPH KIRAN BANDA AMIT KUMAR JAIN · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Induction motor (IM) ...

  7. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. V S S PAVAN KUMAR HARI. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 8 August 2017 pp 1285-1297. Experimental determination of mechanical parameters in sensorless vector-controlled induction motor drive · V S S PAVAN KUMAR HARI AVANISH TRIPATHI G NARAYANAN · More Details ...

  8. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. SUNIL KUMAR KOPPARAPU. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 39 Issue 6 December 2014 pp 1409-1423. Identifying the best market to sell: A cost function formulation · Sunil Kumar Kopparapu Vikram Saxena · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. One of the main objectives of a farmer is to sell ...

  9. UNCORRECTED PROOF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Detrimental effect of expression of Bt endotoxin Cry1Ac on in vitro regeneration, in vivo growth and development of tobacco and cotton transgenics. PREETI RAWAT, AMARJEET KUMAR SINGH, KRISHNA RAY, BHUPENDRA CHAUDHARY,. SANJEEV KUMAR, TARU GAUTAM, SHAVETA KANORIA, GURPREET KAUR, ...

  10. Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In contrast to this 0.35 Ag doped sample exhibits nearly rectangular plate like grains. pp 483-489 Oxide Ceramics. Effect of HIPing on conductivity and impedance measurements of DyBi5Fe2Ti3O18 ceramics · N V Prasad G Prasad Mahendra Kumar S V Suryanarayana T Bhimasankaram G S Kumar · More Details Abstract ...

  11. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... of X-ray transients with Scanning Sky Monitor (SSM) onboard AstroSat. M. C. RAMADEVI B. T. RAVISHANKAR ABHILASH R. SARWADE S. VAISHALI NIRMAL KUMAR IYER ANUJ NANDI V. GIRISH VIVEK KUMAR AGARWAL BLESSY ELIZABETH BABY MOHAMMED HASAN S. SEETHA DIPANKAR BHATTACHARYA.

  12. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Naveen Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 32 Issue 5 August 2007 pp 937-945 Articles. ARC: Automated Resource Classifier for agglomerative functional classification of prokaryotic proteins using annotation texts · Muthiah Gnanamani Naveen Kumar ...

  13. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Pawan Kumar Gupta. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 32 Issue 3 June 2007 pp 253-275. TCP with header checksum option for wireless links: An analytical approach towards performance evaluation · Pawan Kumar Gupta Joy Kuri · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. TCP performs poorly in ...

  14. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Parteek Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 37 Issue 2 April 2012 pp 299-318. Punjabi to UNL enconversion system · Parteek Kumar R K Sharma · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. This paper reports the work for the EnConversion of input Punjabi sentences to an interlingua ...

  15. South African Journal of Chemistry - Vol 65 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Synthesis of Nitrogen-Doped Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Using an ... Effects of Deposited Metallic Silver on Nano-ZnO for the Environmental Purification ... B Ananda Kumar, S Raju, K Bharath Kumar Naik, G Nageswara Rao, 184-190 ...

  16. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. MANOJ KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 32 Issue 5 October 2007 pp 513-519. Design and development of long-period grating sensors for temperature monitoring · Smita Chaubey Purushottam Joshi Manoj Kumar Rajesh Arya A K Nath Sanjay Kher · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  17. MOON MOON DEVI

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. MOON MOON DEVI. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 88 Issue 5 May 2017 pp 79 Research Article. Physics potential of the ICAL detector at the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) · A KUMAR A M VINOD KUMAR ABHIK JASH AJIT K MOHANTY ...

  18. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. NAGENDRA KUMAR. Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Volume 29 Issue 1-2 March-June 2008 pp 243-248. Damping of Slow Magnetoacoustic Waves in an Inhomogeneous Coronal Plasma · Nagendra Kumar Pradeep ...

  19. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. P M ASHOK KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 9 September 2017 pp 1431-1442. A transfer learning framework for traffic video using neuro-fuzzy approach · P M ASHOK KUMAR V VAIDEHI · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. One of the main challenges in the Traffic ...

  20. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. RAJ KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 6 June 2016 pp 643-652. Experimental and numerical analysis for optimal design parameters of a falling film evaporator · RAJNEESH KAUSHAL RAJ KUMAR GAURAV VATS · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Present study exhibits ...

  1. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. KUMAR A. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 86 Issue 5 May 2016 pp 1099-1105 Regular. A comparative study of the density of defect states in bulk samples and thin films of glassy Se 90 Sb 10 · KUMAR ANJANI DWIVEDI PRABHAT K SHUKLA R K ...

  2. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. C N Kumar. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 74 Issue 1 January 2010 pp 83-96 Research Articles. Density excitations of a harmonically trapped ideal gas · Jai Carol Cruz C N Kumar K N Pathak J Bosse · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  3. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 123; Issue 1. One-Parameter Family of Solitons from Minimal Surfaces. Rukmini Dey Pradip Kumar. Volume 123 Issue 1 ... Author Affiliations. Rukmini Dey1 Pradip Kumar1. School of Mathematics, Harish Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad 211 019, India ...

  4. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 13; Issue 8. Fermion Number Fractionization. Kumar Rao Narendra Sahu Prasanta K ... Author Affiliations. Kumar Rao1 Narendra Sahu1 Prasanta K Panigrahi1. Theoretical Physics Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad 380 009, India ...

  5. Synthesis and characterization of composites of mixed oxides of iron ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 34; Issue 4. Synthesis and characterization of composites of mixed oxides of iron and neodymium in polymer matrix of aniline–formaldehyde. Sajdha H N Sheikh B L Kalsotra N Kumar S Kumar. Volume 34 Issue 4 July 2011 pp 843-851 ...

  6. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Nitin Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 38 Issue 6 December 2013 pp 1347-1356. Cold test of cylindrical open resonator for 42 GHz, 200 kW gyrotron · Vivek Yadav Sudeep Sharan Hasina Khatun Nitin Kumar M K Alaria B Jha S C Deorani A K Sinha P K Jain · More Details Abstract ...

  7. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Praveen Kumar Pinnoji. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 32 Issue 4 August 2007 pp 445-458. Finite element modelling of helmeted head impact under frontal loading · Praveen Kumar Pinnoji Puneet Mahajan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Finite element models of the head and helmet ...

  8. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Brajesh Kumar1 2 Kumari Smita2 Brajendra Kumar3 Luis Cumbal2. Department of Chemistry, TATA College, Kolhan University, Chaibasa, Jharkhand, 833 202, India; Centro de Nanociencia y Nanotecnologia, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas -ESPE, Av. Gral. Rumiñahui s/n, Sangolqui, P.O. BOX 171-5-231B, Ecuador ...

  9. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Vivek Kumar Mehta. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 36 Issue 6 December 2011 pp 977-994. A general approach for optimal kinematic design of 6-DOF parallel manipulators · Vivek Kumar Mehta Bhaskar Dasgupta · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Optimal kinematic design of parallel ...

  10. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. ABHAYA KUMAR SWAIN. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 89 Issue 4 October 2017 pp 56 Special Issue. Mass restricting variables in semi-invisible production at the LHC · PARTHA KONAR ABHAYA KUMAR SWAIN · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  11. ReSOnJl1f.Ce iournal of science education

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Carl Hirschie Johnson. 32 Pittendrigh: The Darwinian Clock-Watcher. Vijay Kumar Sharma. 42 The 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics: Optics. Vasant Natarajan and N Mukunda. -. ~ 8 Aryabha~a and Axial Rotation of Earth. A Brief History. Amartya Kumar Dutta. RESEARCH NEWS. 73 Stereoscopic View of the Sun and its Adivity.

  12. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Arun Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 120 Issue 5 September 2008 pp 485-491. Preparation and characterization of free-standing pure porphyrin nanoparticles · Arun Kumar Perepogu Prakriti Ranjan Bangal · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  13. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. ASIM KUMAR CHATTOPADHYAY. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 85 Issue 4 October 2015 pp 713-721. Second-harmonic ion cyclotron resonance heating scenarios of Aditya tokamak plasma · Asim Kumar Chattopadhyay S V Kulkarni R Srinivasan ...

  14. Supplementary data: Novel mutation in ATP-binding domain of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Novel mutation in ATP-binding domain of ABCD1 gene in adrenoleucodystrophy. Neeraj Kumar, Krishna K. Taneja, Atul Kumar, Deepti Nayar, Bhupesh Taneja, Satindra Aneja,. Madhuri Behari, Veena Kalra and Surendra K. Bansal. J. Genet. 89, 473–477. Figure 1. Rmsd plot of native and Arg617Ser substituted models.

  15. 1537 - 1548.docx

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P.K.Chattaraj

    A computational study on structure, stability and bonding in Noble Gas bound metal Nitrates, Sulfates and Carbonates (Metal = Cu, Ag, Au). MANAS GHARAa, SUDIP PANa, JYOTIRMOY DEBb, ANAND KUMAR,a UTPAL SARKAR*,b and PRATIM KUMAR CHATTARAJ*,a. aDepartment of Chemistry and Centre for ...

  16. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. CHANCHAL KUMAR. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 120 Issue 2 April 2010 pp 163-168. Deficiently Extremal Cohen-Macaulay Algebras · Chanchal Kumar Pavinder Singh · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The aim of this paper is ...

  17. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Sunil Kumar Kopparapu. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 39 Issue 6 December 2014 pp 1409-1423. Identifying the best market to sell: A cost function formulation · Sunil Kumar Kopparapu Vikram Saxena · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. One of the main objectives of a farmer is to sell his ...

  18. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this paper, we study the matrix multiplication operators on Banach function spaces and discuss their applications in semigroups for solving the abstract Cauchy problem. Author Affiliations. H Hudzik1 Rajeev Kumar2 Romesh Kumar2. Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Adam Mickiewicz University ...

  19. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. P Pavan Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 39 Issue 1 February 2014 pp 63-79. A string matching based algorithm for performance evaluation of mathematical expression recognition · P Pavan Kumar Arun Agarwal Chakravarthy Bhagvati · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper ...

  20. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Alok Kumar. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 62 Issue 3 March 2004 pp 695-698 String Theory. D -branes in p p -wave background · Alok Kumar Rashmi R Nayak Sanjay · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. We show the existence of classical solutions ...

  1. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Sushil Kumar Jaiswal. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 93 Issue 3 December 2014 pp 865-868 Research Note. Overlap of Patau and Pierre Robin syndromes along with abnormal metabolism: an interesting case study · Sushil Kumar Jaiswal Krishna Kishore Sukla Vineeta ...

  2. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Triethylammonium salt of dimethyl diphenyldithiophosphates: Single crystal X-ray and DFT analysis. SANDEEP KUMAR RUCHI KHAJURIA MANDEEP KOUR RAKESH KUMAR LOVE KARAN RANA GEETA HUNDAL VIVEK K GUPTA RAJNI KANT SUSHIL K PANDEY. Regular Article Volume 128 Issue 6 June 2016 pp ...

  3. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. SAKENDRA KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 10 October 2016 pp 1203-1208. Evaluation of microstructure of A356 aluminum alloy casting prepared under vibratory conditions during the solidification · SAKENDRA KUMAR S P TEWARI · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  4. (WF n ) species

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    AMBRISH KUMAR SRIVASTAVA, ANOOP KUMAR PANDEY and NEERAJ MISRA∗. Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226 007, India e-mail: neerajmisra11@gmail.com. MS received 28 March 2014; revised 29 July 2015; accepted 10 August 2015. Abstract. The present work deals with ...

  5. Association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism and risk of ischemic stroke in North Indian population: A hospital based case–control study. Amit Kumar, Shubham Misra, Anjali Hazarika, Pradeep Kumar, Ram Sagar, Abhishek Pathak, Kamalesh Chakravarty, Kameshwar ...

  6. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Sahadev Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 125 Issue 1 February 2016 pp 165-178. Coal fire mapping of East Basuria Colliery, Jharia coalfield using vertical derivative technique of magnetic data · S K Pal Jitendra Vaish Sahadev Kumar ...

  7. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. P Senthil Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 119 Issue 5 October 2010 pp 745-751. Soil-gas helium and surface-waves detection of fault zones in granitic bedrock · G K Reddy T Seshunarayana Rajeev Menon P Senthil Kumar · More Details ...

  8. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. V P Patel. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 59 Issue 5 November 2002 pp 753-759. New modifications in 15 UD pelletron at Nuclear Science Centre · S Chopra N S Pawar M P Singh Rakesh Kumar J Prasad V P Patel Raj Pal B Kumar S Ojha K ...

  9. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Sankar Kumar Nath. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 117 Issue S2 November 2008 pp 649-670. Seismic hazard scenario and attenuation model of the Garhwal Himalaya using near-field synthesis from weak motion seismometry · Sankar Kumar ...

  10. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Shree Kumar Apte. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 29 Issue 2 June 2004 pp 153-161 Articles. A novel potassium deficiency-induced stimulon in Anabaena torulosa · Anuradha Alahari Shree Kumar Apte · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Potassium deficiency ...

  11. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Manoj Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 114 Issue 6 December 2002 pp 659-673. Maximization of yield of C-13 isotope by multiphoton dissociation of Freon-22 using high average power TEA CO2 laser · Manoj Kumar Anant Deshpande ...

  12. Discovery of SM Higgs Boson in ATLAS Experiment

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    ics, Higgs boson, particle detec- tors, trigger, grid computing. Discovery of SM Higgs Boson in ATLAS Experiment. Prafulla Kumar Behera. Prafulla Kumar Behera is an experimental high energy physicist at the. IITM, Chennai. He has participated in many large-scale collider experiments namely. BELLE at Japan, BABAR.

  13. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. K Senthil Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 114 Issue 4 August 2002 pp 367-377. Chemistry of selected cyclic P(III) compounds possessing a P-Cl bond · K C Kumara Swamy Sudha Kumaraswamy Praveen Kommana N Satish Kumar K Senthil ...

  14. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Supplementary data: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism G298T in association with oxidative DNA damage in coronary atherosclerosis. Rajesh G. Kumar, Mrudula K. Spurthi, Kishore G. Kumar, Sanjib K. Sahu and Surekha H. Rani. J. Genet. 91, 349–352. Table 1. The demographic and clinical data of the CHD ...

  15. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Lakhwinder Singh. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 83 Issue 5 November 2014 pp 829-838. Neutrino and dark matter physics with sub-keV germanium detectors · Arun Kumar Soma Lakhwinder Singh Manoj Kumar Singh Venktesh Singh Henry T ...

  16. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. N MOHAN KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 11 November 2016 pp 1261-1274. Context sensitive trust based geographic opportunistic routing in mobile ad hoc networks · A RAJESH N MOHAN KUMAR · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Position based opportunistic routing ...

  17. Disease: H00078 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 8-007-0102-4 ... PMID:17596717 ... AUTHORS ... van der Zee J, Gijselinck I, Pirici D, Kumar-Singh S, Cruts M, Van B...hetti B, Halliday G, Holm IE, Ince PG, Kamphorst W, Revesz T, Rozemuller AJ, Kumar-Singh S, Akiyama H, Babor

  18. Localization on weakly disordered Cayley tree

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brezini, A.; Olivier, G.

    1980-08-01

    The localization model of Kumar et al. is critically re-examined for the approximation γ → 0, which describes weak disorder. By using an improved method of approximation, we have studied the displacement of the band and the mobility edges and compared the result of Kumar et al. and Abou-Chacra et al. in the light of the present approximation. (author)

  19. Reference: 248 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 248 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16045474i Singh Sunil Kumar... the animal exostosins. 3 384-97 16045474 2005 Aug The Plant journal Eland Cathlene|Harholt Jesper|Marchant Alan|Scheller Henrik Vibe|Singh Sunil Kumar

  20. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Pratim Kumar Chattaraj. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 117 Issue 5 September 2005 pp 541-548. A philicity based analysis of adsorption of small molecules in zeolites · Angeles Cáun Marcelo Galván Pratim Kumar Chattaraj · More Details Abstract ...

  1. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Heat stress response in plants: a complex game with chaperones and more than twenty heat stress transcription factors · Sanjeev Kumar Baniwal Kapil Bharti Kwan Yu Chan Markus Fauth Arnab Ganguli Sachin Kotak Shravan Kumar Mishra Lutz Nover Markus Port Klaus-Dieter Scharf Joanna Tripp Christian Weber Dirk ...

  2. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Swati Chaudhary. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 88 Issue 2 August 2009 pp 227-232 Research Article. Mapping of the multifoliate pinna (mfp) leaf-blade morphology mutation in grain pea Pisum sativum · Raghvendra Kumar Mishra Anil Kumar Swati Chaudhary Sushil ...

  3. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Arun Kumar Pati. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 56 Issue 2-3 February-March 2001 pp 393-401 Quantum information processing. Interference due to coherence swapping · Arun Kumar Pati Marek Zukowski · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  4. Internet Journal of Medical Update - EJOURNAL - Vol 5, No 1 (2010)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Analysis of ankle alignment abnormalities as a risk factor for pediatric flexible flat foot · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. A Singh, A Kumar, S Kumar, RN Srivastava, OP Gupta. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijmu.v5i1.49290 ...

  5. Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics - Vol 17, No 4 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism and risk of ischemic stroke in North Indian population: A hospital based case–control study · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Amit Kumar, Shubham Misra, Anjali Hazarika, Pradeep Kumar, Ram Sagar, ...

  6. Njv Magazine 3 final

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    En-Joy

    JAGUN, A. T., EMIKPE, B. O. ANOSA, V. O. and ONOJA, B. A. (2011): The current status of Peste des petits ruminantsin sheep in Southwestern. Nigeria.Journal ofCommonwealth. Veterinary Association (In press). KUMAR, P., TRIPATHI, B. N., SHARMA,. A. K., KUMAR, R., SREENIVASA, B. P., SINGH, R. P., DHAR, P., and.

  7. Role of bacteria in DMS(P) cycle

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.S.; Chinchkar, U.; Nair, S.; LokaBharathi, P.A.; Chandramohan, D.

    - lower atmosphere study Role of bacteria in DMS(P) cycle Sree S. Kumar, Usha Chinchkar, Shanta Nair, P. A. Loka Bharathi and D. Chandramohan - contact: ksree@nio.org National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula. Goa. India. 403 004 Sree Kumar is a...

  8. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Anurag Kumar Mishra. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 27 Issue 3 June 2002 pp 251-259 Articles. Cloning and sequencing of complete -crystallin cDNA from embryonic lens of Crocodylus palustris · Raman Agrawal Reena Chandrashekhar Anurag Kumar Mishra ...

  9. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. ASHIS KUMAR NANDI. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 38 Issue 3 September 2013 pp 583-592 Articles. Down-regulation of OsSAG12-1 results in enhanced senescence and pathogen-induced cell death in transgenic rice plants · Subaran Singh Mrunmay Kumar ...

  10. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    393. Coomar N see Kadoli R. 1. Daneshmand S. The effect of chromium coating in RP tech- nology for airfoil Manufacturing. 569. Dash S see Kumar N. 493. Dash S see Kumar N. 609. Datta S. Optimization in CNC end milling of UNS. C34000 medium leaded brass with multiple surface roughnesses characteristics. 619.

  11. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology - Vol ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Optimization of machining parameters of hard porcelain on a CNC machine by Taguchi-and RSM method · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Saurabh Agrawal, Manoj kumar Gaur, Dinesh kumar Kasdekar, Sharad Agrawal, 13-22 ...

  12. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. K Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 25 Issue 2 April 2000 pp 193-203. Parameter estimation using compensatory neural networks · M Sinha P K Kalra K Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Proposed here is a new neuron model, a basis for Compensatory Neural Network ...

  13. Managing Uncertainty in the Real World

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 4. Managing Uncertainty in the Real World - Fuzzy Systems. Satish Kumar. General Article ... Author Affiliations. Satish Kumar1. Department of Physics and Computer Science, Dayalbagh Educational Institute Dayalbagh, Agra 282005, India.

  14. Rajkumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Rajkumar. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 25 Issue 6 November 2002 pp 549-551. Semiconductor applications of plasma immersion ion implantation technology · Mukesh Kumar Rajkumar Dinesh Kumar P J George · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  15. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 124; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 124, Issue 1. February 2014, pages 1-126. pp 1-15. Alexander Duals of Multipermutohedron Ideals · Ajay Kumar Chanchal Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. An Alexander dual of a ...

  16. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Asit Kumar Mondal. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 31 Issue 3 June 2006 pp 199-211. Effect of magnetic field on the propagation of quasi-transverse waves in a nonhomogeneous conducting medium under the theory of nonlinear elasticity · D P Acharya Asit Kumar Mondal · More Details ...

  17. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. B V Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 30 Issue 2-3 April-June 2005 pp 159-177. Web services in the retail industry · Sudeep Mallick Anuj Sharma B V Kumar S V Subrahmanya · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. It is a well-known fact that the retail industry always works on razorthin ...

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    741-3. This article on PubMed. 10. Le Breton C. Ostéites septiques. In : Laredo JD, Morvan G, Wybier M, eds. Imagerie ostéo-articulaire. 11. Vivek Agrawal, Mohit Kumar Joshi, Bhupendra Kumar Jain, Debajyoti Mohanty, Arun ...

  19. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Ashwin B R Kumar. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 23 Issue 1 January 2018 pp 23-40 General Article. Chemistry at the Nanoscale: When Every Reaction is a Discrete Event · Ashwin B R Kumar Ram Ramaswamy.

  20. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Suresh Kumar. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 67 Issue 2 August 2006 pp 369-374 Brief Reports. Proton and alpha evaporation spectra in low energy 12C andO induced reactions · E T Mirgle D R Chakrabarty V M Datar Suresh Kumar A Mitra H H ...

  1. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Arun Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 89 Issue 2 August 2010 pp 201-211 Research Article. Genetic control of leaf-blade morphogenesis by the INSECATUS gene in Pisum sativum · Sushil Kumar Swati Chaudhary Vishakha Sharma Renu Kumari Raghvendra ...

  2. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. MALAY NIRAJ. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 10 October 2016 pp 1209-1218. Designing of fuzzy expert heuristic models with cost management toward coordinating AHP, fuzzy TOPSIS and FIS approaches · ANUP KUMAR RAJAK MALAY NIRAJ SHALENDRA KUMAR.

  3. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Higher pH favours the precipitation of a new sodium hydrogen phosphate. Volume 129 Issue 10 October 2017 pp 1611-1626 REGULAR ARTICLE. Resolution of the Identity and Cholesky Representation of EOM-MP2 Approximation: Implementation, Accuracy and Efficiency · DINESH KUMAR ACHINTYA KUMAR DUTTA ...

  4. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Siddhartha Kumar Ghoshal. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 1 Issue 1 January 1996 pp 48-55 Series Article. Know Your Personal Computer Introduction to Computers · Siddhartha Kumar Ghoshal · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 1 Issue 2 February 1996 pp 32-39 Series Article.

  5. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Ram Kumar Singh. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 38 Issue 5 October 2013 pp 999-1025. Integrated safety assessment of Indian nuclear power plants for extreme events: Reducing impact on public mind · Anil Kakodkar Ram Kumar Singh · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Nuclear energy ...

  6. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Triethylammonium salt of dimethyl diphenyldithiophosphates: Single crystal X-ray and DFT analysis · SANDEEP KUMAR RUCHI KHAJURIA MANDEEP KOUR RAKESH KUMAR LOVE KARAN RANA GEETA HUNDAL VIVEK K GUPTA RAJNI KANT SUSHIL K PANDEY · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The present work ...

  7. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. N. Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Volume 38 Issue 3 September 2017 pp 57. Classical Orbital Paramagnetism in Non-equilibrium Steady State · Avinash A. Deshpande N. Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  8. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. S Prasanna kumar. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 109 Issue 4 December 2000 pp 433-441. Physical control of primary productivity on a seasonal scale in the central and eastern Arabian Sea · S Prasanna kumar M Madhupratap M Dileep ...

  9. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. AMIT KUMAR SINGH. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 2 June 2017 pp 291-297 RESEARCH ARTICLE. Genetics and mapping of a new leaf rust resistance gene in Triticum aestivum L. × Triticum timopheevii Zhuk. derivative 'Selection G12' · AMIT KUMAR SINGH ...

  10. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. HEMANTHA KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 7 July 2017 pp 1143-1153. Engine gearbox fault diagnosis using empirical mode decomposition method and Naıve Bayes algorithm · KIRAN VERNEKAR HEMANTHA KUMAR K V GANGADHARAN · More Details Abstract ...

  11. Major ion chemistry of the Son River, India: Weathering processes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Major ion chemistry of the Son River, India: Weathering processes, dissolved fluxes and water quality assessment. Chinmaya Maharana, Sandeep Kumar Gautam,. Abhay Kumar Singh and Jayant K Tripathi. J. Earth Syst. Sci. 124(6) cO Indian Academy of Sciences. Supplementary data ...

  12. Regge-like initial input and evolution of non-singlet structure ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Regge-like initial input and evolution of non-singlet structure functions from DGLAP equation up to next-next-to-leading order at low x and low Q. 2. NAYAN MANI NATH1,2,∗, MRINAL KUMAR DAS1 and JAYANTA KUMAR SARMA1. 1Department of Physics, Tezpur University, Tezpur 784 028, India. 2Department of Physics ...

  13. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Ravindra Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 88 Issue 3 December 2009 pp 315-320 Research Article. Population distribution of 45S and 5S rDNA in golden mahseer, Tor putitora: population-specific FISH marker · Mamta Singh Ravindra Kumar N. S. Nagpure Basdeo ...

  14. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Ankit Kumar Pandey. Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Volume 38 Issue 1 March 2017 pp 7 Research Article. Benford's Distribution in Extrasolar World: Do the Exoplanets Follow Benford's Distribution? Abhishek Shukla Ankit Kumar Pandey ...

  15. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. VIKAS KUMAR. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 39 Issue 6 December 2014 pp 1295-1310. High performance predictive current control of a three phase VSI: An experimental assessment · Vikas Kumar Prerna Gaur A P Mittal · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Delay has a significant role to ...

  16. Modeling Salinity Exchanges Between the Equatorial Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    parameters such as shortwave and long- wave radiation, specific humidity, and air temperature were taken from TropFlux data ( Praveen Kumar et  al...Bengal. Journal of Geophysical Research 120:3,315–3,329, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010340. Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S. Murty

  17. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Rajneesh Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 109 Issue 3 September 2000 pp 371-380. Plain strain problem of poroelasticity using eigenvalue approach · Rajneesh Kumar Aseem Miglani N R Garg · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  18. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Bimal Kumar Panigrahi1 Surendra Kumar Jain2. R&D Centre for Iron and Steel, Steel Authority of India Limited, Ranchi 834 002, India; Steel Authority of India Ltd., Bhilai Steel Plant, Bhilai 490 001, India ...

  19. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Devesh Kumar Maurya. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 125 Issue 5 July 2016 pp 935-944. Validation of two gridded soil moisture products over India with in-situ observations · C K Unnikrishnan John P George Abhishek Lodh Devesh Kumar ...

  20. A controlled, randomized nonblinded clinical trial to assess the efficacy of amphotericin B deoxycholate as compared to pentamidine for the treatment of antimony unresponsive visceral leishmaniasis cases in Bihar, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vidya N

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Vidya Nand Rabi Das1, Niyamat Ali Siddiqui2, Krishna Pandey3, Vijay Pratap Singh2, Roshan K Topno4, Dharmendra Singh5, Rakesh Bihari Verma2, Alok Ranjan2, Prabhat Kumar Sinha1, Pradeep Das61Department of Clinical Medicine, Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Council of Medical Research, Patna, Bihar, India; 2Department of Biostatistics; 3Department of Clinical Medicine; 4Department of Epidemiology; 5Department of Molecular Biology; 6Director and Institutional Head, Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Council of Medical Research, Patna, Bihar, IndiaBackground: There is significant variation in Amphotericin B (AMB efficacy and relapses in antimony unresponsive visceral leishmaniasis (VL cases over a period of time (10–15 years. Keeping in mind the above mentioned view this study was undertaken with an objective to assess the magnitude of cure and relapse rates of AMB in the treatment of antimony unresponsive VL cases.Methods: In a controlled, randomized nonblinded clinical trial, we evaluated the cure and relapse rate of Amphotericin B deoxycholate as compared to pentamidine. A total of 82 sodium stibogluconate (SSG unresponsive and parasitologically confirmed VL cases were included in this study and randomized into two groups, test (Amphotericin B and control (Pentamidine. Both the groups were treated with recommended dosages (as per World Health Organization guidelines of respective medicines. All the patients were followed up on 1st, 2nd, and 6th month after end of treatment.Results: Apparent cure rate in the Amphotericin B group was found to be 95% (39/41 compared with 83% (34/41 in the Pentamidine group, which shows significant statistical difference (p = 0.05. The ultimate cure rate was found 92% (38/41 in the Amphotericin B group compared to 73% (30/41 in the Pentamidine group, which shows a significant statistical difference (Yates corrected chi-square = 4.42, p = 0.04. Similarly

  1. System for indicating the level of material in a container

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Erb, T.L.

    1980-01-01

    In a radiation detecting system for controlling the level of material in a container, the first counter accumulates pulses generated by a geiger tube at a rate related to the level of material and a second counter accumulates clock pulses. A race condition is established between a NAND circuit indicating that the first counter has reached a predetermined total, and a NAND circuit indicating that the second counter has reached a second predetermined total representing a fixed counting interval. The first NAND circuit to respond to its predetermined total actuates a circuit to reset both counters and, if indicative of the material level being below a predetermined minimum, actuates an alarm or operates a control circuit to add material to the container. In the example shown, an additional NAND circuit responds to a different count in the first counter which count in the same time interval corresponds to a higher level, and when material is being added to the container, the race condition is between two NAND circuits. The effect of this is to provide a hysteresis effect preventing the circuit from 'hunting' around one level of material. (author)

  2. Low p-type contact resistance by field-emission tunneling in highly Mg-doped GaN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okumura, Hironori; Martin, Denis; Grandjean, Nicolas

    2016-12-01

    Mg-doped GaN with a net acceptor concentration (NA-ND) in the high 1019 cm-3 range was grown using ammonia molecular-beam epitaxy. Electrical properties of NiO contact on this heavily doped p-type GaN were investigated. A potential-barrier height of 0.24 eV was extracted from the relationship between NA-ND and the specific contact resistivity (ρc). We found that there is an optimum NA-ND value of 5 × 1019 cm-3 for which ρc is as low as 2 × 10-5 Ω cm2. This low ρc is ascribed to hole tunneling through the potential barrier at the NiO/p+-GaN interface, which is well accounted for by the field-emission model.

  3. 3D memory: etch is the new litho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petti, Christopher

    2018-03-01

    This paper discusses the process challenges and limitations for 3D NAND processes, focusing on vertical 3D architectures. The effect of deep memory hole etches on die cost is calculated, with die cost showing a minimum at a given number of layers because of aspect-ratio dependent etch effects. Techniques to mitigate these etch effects are summarized, as are other etch issues, such as bowing and twisting. Metal replacement gate processes and their challenges are also described. Lastly, future directions of vertical 3D NAND technologies are explored.

  4. Digital logic circuit test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Gil Jung; Yang, Hong Young

    2011-03-15

    This book is about digital logic circuit test, which lists the digital basic theory, basic gate like and, or And Not gate, NAND/NOR gate such as NAND gate, NOR gate, AND and OR, logic function, EX-OR gate, adder and subtractor, decoder and encoder, multiplexer, demultiplexer, flip-flop, counter such as up/down counter modulus N counter and Reset type counter, shift register, D/A and A/D converter and two supplements list of using components and TTL manual and CMOS manual.

  5. SSD Market Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, G.

    The unparalleled cost and form factor advantages of NAND flash memory has driven 35 mm photographic film, floppy disks and one-inch hard drives to extinction. Due to its compelling price/performance characteristics, NAND Flash memory is now expanding its reach into the once-exclusive domain of hard disk drives and DRAM in the form of Solid State Drives (SSDs). Driven by the proliferation of thin and light mobile devices and the need for near-instantaneous accessing and sharing of content through the cloud, SSDs are expected to become a permanent fixture in the computing infrastructure.

  6. Caltech Center for Structural and Amorphous Metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-10

    Flores, D. Suh, R. Howell, P. Asoka -Kumar, P.A. Sterne, and R. H. Dauskardt, "Flow and Fracture of Bulk Metallic Glass Alloys and Their Composites...Behavior of Zr-Ti-Cu-Ni-Be Bulk Metallic Glass Alloys," Materials Transactions, JIM, 42 [4], 638-641, 2001. K. M. Flores, D. Suh, P. Asoka -Kumar, P.A...Materials Research, 17[5], 1153-1161, 2002. D. Suh, P. Asoka -Kumar and R. H. Dauskardt, "The Effects of Hydrogen on Viscoelastic Relaxation in Zr-Ti-Ni-Cu

  7. 21st International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-24

    M, Nand K. More specifically, a solution CRN Cis represented through the valuation of r and p , which are extracted from the model returned by Z3...aldonado, Eric Martinez , Robert T. Schweller, and Tim Wylie University of Texas Rio Grande Valley , Edinburg, TX 78539-2999, USA {camer on . chalk01 , b

  8. Thin film complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) device using a single-step deposition of the channel layer

    KAUST Repository

    Nayak, Pradipta K.; Caraveo-Frescas, J. A.; Wang, Zhenwei; Hedhili, Mohamed N.; Wang, Q. X.; Alshareef, Husam N.

    2014-01-01

    We report, for the first time, the use of a single step deposition of semiconductor channel layer to simultaneously achieve both n-and p-type transport in transparent oxide thin film transistors (TFTs). This effect is achieved by controlling

  9. Flash Memory Reliability: Read, Program, and Erase Latency Versus Endurance Cycling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidecker, Jason

    2010-01-01

    This report documents the efforts and results of the fiscal year (FY) 2010 NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging Program (NEPP) task for nonvolatile memory (NVM) reliability. This year's focus was to measure latency (read, program, and erase) of NAND Flash memories and determine how these parameters drift with erase/program/read endurance cycling.

  10. Growth, morphometrics and nutrient content of farmed eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin), in New Hampshire, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    When harvested, oysters represent a removal from the ecosystem of nutrients such as nitrogen (N)and carbon (C). A number of factors potentially affect nutrient content, but a quantitative understanding across the geographical range of the eastern oysters is lacking. This study wa...

  11. Scaling Techniques for Massive Scale-Free Graphs in Distributed (External) Memory

    KAUST Repository

    Pearce, Roger; Gokhale, Maya; Amato, Nancy M.

    2013-01-01

    We present techniques to process large scale-free graphs in distributed memory. Our aim is to scale to trillions of edges, and our research is targeted at leadership class supercomputers and clusters with local non-volatile memory, e.g., NAND Flash

  12. Optimization of the Mechanical and Electrical Performance of a Thermoelectric Module

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sarhadi, Ali; Bjørk, Rasmus; Pryds, Nini

    2015-01-01

    Finite element (FE) simulation of a thermoelectric (TE) module was conducted to optimize its geometrical dimensions in terms of mechanical reliability and performance. The TE module consisted of bismuth telluride, nand p-type legs. The geometrical dimensions of the module, i.e. leg length and leg...

  13. Flash-Aware Page Replacement Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangxia Xu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the limited main memory resource of consumer electronics equipped with NAND flash memory as storage device, an efficient page replacement algorithm called FAPRA is proposed for NAND flash memory in the light of its inherent characteristics. FAPRA introduces an efficient victim page selection scheme taking into account the benefit-to-cost ratio for evicting each victim page candidate and the combined recency and frequency value, as well as the erase count of the block to which each page belongs. Since the dirty victim page often contains clean data that exist in both the main memory and the NAND flash memory based storage device, FAPRA only writes the dirty data within the victim page back to the NAND flash memory based storage device in order to reduce the redundant write operations. We conduct a series of trace-driven simulations and experimental results show that our proposed FAPRA algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art algorithms in terms of page hit ratio, the number of write operations, runtime, and the degree of wear leveling.

  14. Approximation of the Frame Coefficients using Finite Dimensional Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ole; Casazza, P.

    1997-01-01

    _i \\}_{i=1}^{n}$ of the frame and theorthogonal projection $P_n$ onto its span. For $f \\in \\h ,P_nf$ has a representation as a linear combination of $f_i , i=1,2,..n,$and the corresponding coefficients can be calculated using finite dimensionalmethods. We find conditions implying that those coefficients...

  15. Design of a CMOS PFD-CP module for a PLL

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The traditional PFD uses two D Flip Flop (FF) and NAND gate at its reset path ... Another possible approach is to delay the input rising edge instead of delaying ... architectures that already existed, it is found from the literature Survey that the ...

  16. Analysis of acoustic resonator with shape deformation using finite ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G M KALMSEa, AJAY CHAUDHARIb and P B PATILb a Science College, PB No. 62, Nanded 431603, India b Department of Physics, Dr B A M University, Aurangabad 431 004, India e-mail: bamuaur@bom4.vsnl.net.in. MS received 23 September 1999. Abstract. An acoustic resonator with shape deformation has been ...

  17. of-Kibena -'Tea. Estates~- Njombe, Tanzania" , "

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    free high analysis Nand P fertilizers and increased crop intensity has contributed to the depletion of the soil micronutrients (Dhane and Shukla, 1995). Corresponding author the avaiia:bie'micronutrient content in soils at any, . given time is only ...

  18. Flexible logic circuits composed of chalcogenide-nanocrystal-based thin film transistors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yun, Junggwon; Cho, Kyoungah; Kim, Sangsig

    2010-01-01

    Complementary NAND and NOR gates composed of p-channel HgTe-nanocrystal (NC) films and n-channel HgSe-NC films were constructed on back-gate patterned plastic substrates. The NAND gate was made of two HgTe-p-channel thin film transistors (TFTs) in parallel and two HgSe-n-channel TFTs in series. The NOR gate was built up with both two HgSe-n-channel TFTs in parallel and two HgTe-p-channel TFTs in series. The mobility and on/off ratio for the p-channel TFTs were estimated to be 0.9 cm 2 V -1 s -1 and 10, respectively, and those for the n-channel TFTs were measured to be 1.8 cm 2 V -1 s -1 and 10 2 , respectively. The NAND and NOR gates were operated with gains of 1.45 and 1.63 and transition widths of 7.8 and 6.2 V, respectively, at room temperature in air. In addition, the operations of the NAND and NOR logics are reproducible for up to 1000 strain cycles.

  19. A new universal gate for low power SoC applications

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This paper formulates a new design technique for an area and energy ... Low power; CMOS; pass-transistor; NAND gate; Koomey's law. 1. ... amount of battery you need will fall by a factor of two every year and a half' (Koomey Jonathan.

  20. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    De Don

    where ;_ is the Frank-Kamenetski i parameter. 0 is the dimensionless temperature variable, (5 is the dimensionless combustible variable and r is the dimensionless radial distance variable. For different values of nand m, we have the following cases subject to the boundary conditions. For Slab: Case 1; n = 0, m = -2 ...

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    0005881

    Reconfiguration on nanocrossbar using material implication ... Thermal comfort analysis of hostels in National Institute of Technology Calicut,. India. G K Kumar .... Newtonian liquid bridge with a moving contact line phase field method. Kishore ...

  2. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2014-05-07

    May 7, 2014 ... 1 and V KUMAR. 2,*. DST IRHPA Center for Excellence in Biological Rhythm Research,. 1 .... and other climatic conditions (Martin 1996). Differences .... The data were analysed by one-way analysis of variance with repeated ...

  3. Cytotoxicity of Nanoliposomal Cisplatin Coated with Synthesized ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    coating agent for the preparation of liposomal nanodrug formulation by reverse phase evaporation method. ..... Induced Ototoxicity: Effects, Mechanisms and Protection. Strategies. ... Kumar K, Jaikumar V. Gold and iron oxide nanoparticle-.

  4. An investigation of the microstructures and properties of metal inert ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Friction stir welding; metal inert gas welding; aluminum alloy 5083; ... (2008) have studied fatigue crack propagation behaviour of friction ..... Kumar K, Kailas SV 2008 The role of friction stir welding tool on material flow and weld formation,.

  5. Disease: H00443 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available pes of craniosynostosis. Missense mutation of FGFR1 has been reported. Skeletal dysplasia FGFR1 [HSA:2260] [...ion) ... AUTHORS ... Shankar VN, Ajila V, Kumar G ... TITLE ... Osteoglophonic dysplasia: a case report. ... JOURNAL

  6. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 70 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Application of reverse osmosis membrane system for treatment of effluent in textile knitted fabric dyeing · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MR Kumar, K Saravanan, 15756-15762 ...

  7. Tuning intermetallic electronic coupling in polyruthenium systems ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    molecular architecture. SANDEEP GHUMAAN and GOUTAM KUMAR LAHIRI ... complexes encompassing selective combinations of spacer (bridging ligand, BL) and ancillary (AL) functionalities have been designed. ... plications in designing molecular electronic devices3 such as molecular wires, semi-conductors, rods etc.

  8. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Behera Mukunda, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. Bera M K, Indian Institutes ... Das Subrata, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune. Das Trupti ... Deb Sanjib Kumar, Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad. Delire Christine ...

  9. Tulnukad tulid punase vihmaga / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2006-01-01

    25. juulil 2001. aastal tabasid India lääneosas asuvat Kerala piirkonda punase vihma hood. Gandhi ülikooli füüsik Godfrey Louis ja tema kolleeg Santosh Kumar leidsid, et vihma tegi punaseks bakteriaalne materjal

  10. Valimised 2002 : Tartu linnapeakandidaadid prioriteetidest linna arengus : kolm esimest ülesannet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Artiklite autorid: Andrus Ansip Reformierakonnast, Tõnu Kauba Keskerakonnast, Jüri Kumar ERL-ist, Ivar Tallo Mõõdukatest, Tõnis Lukas Isamaaliidust, Teet Jagomägi Res Publicast. Parlamendisaadik

  11. Journal of Chemical Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Manoj Kumar Singh and Debkumar Bandyopadhyay. 1–8. Design and .... A Jaya Shree, Satyanarayana Yennam and Manoranjan Behera. 441–450. Transition .... Ritabrata Datta, Malasala Sumalatha and Subrata Ghosh. 1019–1023.

  12. Influence of shear velocity on frictional characteristics of rock surface

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    AKVerma2,∗, Tanmay Kumar3 and Avi Dutt3. 1Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, Mumbai 400 056, India. 2CeRES, The Energy and Resources Institute, Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road,.

  13. Diamond lemma for the group graded quasi-algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. MAMTA BALODI1 HUA-LIN HUANG2 SHIV DATT KUMAR1. Department of Mathematics, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad 211 004, India; School of Mathematics, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China ...

  14. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Mandeep Singh1 Anita Garg1 Anjali Sidhu1 Vineet Kumar2. Department of Chemistry, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141 004, India; Department of Plant Pathology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141 004, India ...

  15. New associates | Announcements | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Faridabad. Praveen Kumar Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru. S Mishra Sabyashachi Mishra Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. Jagannath Mondal TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Hyderabad. Samrat Mondal Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.

  16. Molecular composition and antibacterial effect of essential oil of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2013-05-15

    1990). Therapeutics by the most known plants in Algeria. Ed. Palais du livre, Blida, Algeria. PP128. Modzelewska A., Sur S, Kumar KS, Khan SR (2005). Sesquiterpenes: Natural products that decease cancer growth. Curr. Med.

  17. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Quantum hysteresis loops in microscopic system: The loop area as a dynam- ical parameter. Chandan Kumar ... The gravitational wave symphony of the Universe ... Positron impact ionization of atomic hydrogen at low energies. K Chakrabarti.

  18. Comparative analysis of codon usage bias in Crenarchaea and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ending codons even within the WWY (nucleotide ambiguity code) families in Crenarchaea ...... this work. Acknowledgements. Authors thank Mr Ajit Kumar Sahoo and Ms ... November J. A. 2002 Accounting for background nucleotide com-.

  19. Disease: H01779 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... AUTHORS ... Kumar N, Rizek P, Jog M ... TITLE ... Neuroferritinopathy: Pathophysiology, Presentation, Differential Diagnoses and Manage...ment. ... JOURNAL ... Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y) 6:355 (2016) DOI:10.7916/D8KK9BHF ...

  20. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    cistronic gene expression systems and rational designing of newer systems · Utpal Kumar Mukhopadhyay Girish Sahni · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The initial attempts at hyper-expressing buffalo/goat growth hormone (GH)-ORFs in ...

  1. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2016-02-29

    &. 1All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India. &Corresponding author: Pratap Kumar Patra, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India. Key words: Branding, harmful, superstition. Received: 15/09/2015 ...

  2. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2018-05-16

    May 16, 2018 ... The purpose of this study is to examine the elements that effect the ..... association with intention to use internet banking. β or Beta value ... [4] George A, Kumar G G. Antecedents of customer satisfaction in internet banking:.

  3. Members of the Parliamentary Select Committee on Trade and Industry of the United Kingdom visit the CMS assembly hall.

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Left to right: Austin Ball, Martin O'Neill (Chairman), Richard Burden, Jonathan Djanogly, Lindsay Hoyle, Roger Berry, Linda Perham, Sir Robert Smith, Jackie Lawrence, Michel Della Negra, Tejinder Virdee, Ashok Kumar.

  4. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Asgari R, Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Tehran, Iran asgari@theory.ipm.ac.ir. Awasthi ... Ghosh Barnali, S.N. Bose National Center for Basic Sciences, Kolkata ... Kumar Sudhish, Christ Church College, Kanpur.

  5. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Studies Of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(Ii), Zn(II) and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-20

    Aug 20, 2017 ... was isolated by filtration, washed with water-ethanol mixture and characterized by FTIR, UV-visible spectroscopy, melting ..... (2012) Catalytic oxidation of alcohols by a ... Revinder Kumar Ravikant (2014) Review on synthesis ...

  6. Genetic control of leaf-blade morphogenesis by the INSECATUS ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2010-08-03

    Aug 3, 2010 ... demonstrated that the leaflet shape is dependent on the venation pattern. [Kumar S. ..... The spectrum of regulatory events is exemplified with respect to first .... exclusive as well as additive roles, in both leaf-blade rachis.

  7. Collection d'entretiens avec des chercheurs participant à des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Nicaragua). Ritesh Kumar Wetlands International - South Asia (India). Muhammad Shah Alam Khan Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan). Osvaldo Girardin

  8. Case Report Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2013-03-26

    Mar 26, 2013 ... c Medicine and Palliative Cancer Care: A Case Report. Sanjoy Kumar Pal ... us complementary and alternative therapies for treatment about the .... controlled trials that homeopathy may be effective for the treatment of ...

  9. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Piyush Kant Pandey1 Raj Kumar Agrawal2. Bhilai Institute of Technology, Bhilai House, Durg 491 002, India; Steel Authority of India Limited, Bhilai Steel Plant, Bhilai 491 006, India ...

  10. Malaria in India: Challenges and opportunities

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Prakash

    environment friendly (Kumar et al 1998). In certain situations personal .... has been shown to work and may be helpful in preventing resistance in vectors. ... empirical, safety in pregnancy is still being debated and there is also concern about ...

  11. Interaction between felsic granitoids and basic dykes in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    37

    Many workers gave detailed petrographical and geochemical data of the ... greenstone complex (Malviya et al., 2006; Kumar et al., 2013; Singh and ...... Mafic rock shows lobate shape pointing towards granitoids (marked by the white arrows);.

  12. Argonaute-2-null embryonic stem cells are retarded in self-renewal ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Present address: Institute of Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, Bangalore, India ... [Chandra Shekar P, Naim A, Partha Sarathi D and Kumar S 2011 Argonaute-2-null embryonic stem cells are retarded in self-renewal ..... Research, India.

  13. Making space

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Karen Kershaw

    an enquiry into women's participation ... Sharma and Arun Kumar. UNNATI Organisation for Development Education. India. Parallel Sessions II - Session B ... Poor social, economic .... based inequalities ... Feminine assertion of power leads to.

  14. Some remarks on a scenario of supersymmetry in quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jannussis, A.; Tsohantzis, I; Vavougios, D.

    1990-01-01

    Some remarks are given on a recent paper of Lahiri, Kumar Roy and Bagchi who have constructed a scenario of supersymmetry in quantum mechanics by imposing a structure on the raising and lowering operators

  15. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. M Sen1 R Balasubramaniam1 A V Ramesh Kumar2. Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208 016, India; Defence Materials Stores and Research Development Establishment, Kanpur 208 013, India ...

  16. Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 15; Issue 2. Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy - Recent Advancement of Raman Spectroscopy. Ujjal Kumar Sur. General Article Volume 15 Issue 2 February 2010 pp 154-164 ...

  17. Wave-induced nearshore flow patterns in the vicinity of Cochin harbour, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    PrasannaKumar, S.; Vethamony, P.; Murty, C.S.

    . Anonymous, Nearshore processes along the Silver Strand littoral cell. Design Memorandum No. 4. US Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles, 1974, 71 pp. 15. Prasanna Kumar, S., Shenoi, S. S. C. & Kurup, P. G., Littoral drift along shoreline between Munambam...

  18. Baez-Parra et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med., (2018) 15 (1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    karla marina baez parra

    2017-12-29

    Dec 29, 2017 ... other stimulants (Kumar et al., 2006; Szewczyk and Zidorn, 2014). ... The morphological analyses including shape and size of leaves were carried ... observed on the adaxial and abaxial surfaces (Figure 2A, C); pubescence.

  19. A study on the effects of some laboratory-derived genetic mutations on biofilm formation by Listeria monocytogenes

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.; Parvathi, A.; George, J.; Krohne, G.; Karunasagar, Indrani; Karunasagar, Iddya

    , Germany Address for correspondence Sanath Kumar ENMU 2386 1500 S, Ave K Portales, New Mexico 88130 USA e-mail: sanathkm@yahoo.com Running Title: Gene mutations and Listeria biofilm Abstract Biofilms formed by the human pathogen Listeria...

  20. assessment of adoption gaps in the management of aflatoxin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p2333147

    Correspondence author: Dr. G.D. Satish Kumar1, National Research Centre for Groundnut, P.B.05, ... Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important oil seed crop of India. ..... Table 4: Stepwise regression analysis between adoption gap and.

  1. Preliminary study on the dye removal efficacy of immobilized marine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preliminary study on the dye removal efficacy of immobilized marine and freshwater microalgal beads from textile wastewater. SD Kumar, P Santhanam, R Nandakumar, S Anath, B Balaji Prasath, A Shenbaga Devi, S Jeyanthi, T Jayalakshima, P Ananthi ...

  2. Cobalt removal from wastewater using pine sawdust

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    StudentLab

    2012-05-15

    May 15, 2012 ... wastes such as coffee husk (Kumar, 2006), peanut shells. (Wafwoyo et al., 1999), ... using the Rushton turbine impellers for 30 min, and then separated by vacuum filtration. ..... Pigments, 72: 66-74. Musapatika et al. 9415.

  3. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Sarva Jit Singh1 Raman Kumar2 Sunita Rani2. Department of Mathematics, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi 110 021, India. Department of Mathematics, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125 001, India.

  4. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Anil Kumar1 Sarva Jit Singh2 Jagdish Singh1. Department of Mathematics, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak 124 001, India. Department of Mathematics, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110 021, India.

  5. Prevention of Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Patient Page Prevention of Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease Mariana Mirabel , Kumar Narayanan , Xavier Jouven , Eloi Marijon ... regurgitant ) valves. Over time, there is progressive damage (rheumatic heart disease, RHD) that may lead to heart failure, stroke, ...

  6. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Deepak Kumar Gumber1 Ram Karan2 Indu Pal2. School of Mathematics and Computer Applications, Thapar University, Patiala 147 004, India; Department of Mathematics, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra 136 119, India ...

  7. Influence of polyols on properties of bio-based polyurethanes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    resources for the preparation of polyols required for the polyurethane industry. Among the vegetable oils, cardanol a meta-substituted phenol obtained (Kumar et al 2002) from ... High ortho-multinuclear cardanol–formaldehyde resin was.

  8. 3D, 2D and 1D Networks via NH•••O and NH•••N Hydrogen bonding ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    amide analogues: Effect of chain lengths and odd-even spacers. GARGI MUKHERJEE and KUMAR BIRADHA*. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721 302, India. E-mail: kbiradha@chem.iitkgp.ernet.in.

  9. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Facile Growth of Multi-twined Au Nanostructures. Raj Kumar Bera, Asim Bhaumik and C Retna Raj . . . . . . 2111–2118. Growth of chain-like Au nanoaggregates and the spontaneous .... This helps in a steady plant growth. ... Wavelength (nm).

  10. Genetics Home Reference: type 2 diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Chen H, Huyghe JR, van de Bunt M, Pearson RD, Kumar A, Müller-Nurasyid M, Grarup N, ... Accessibility FOIA Viewers & Players U.S. Department of Health & Human Services National Institutes of Health National Library of ...

  11. Utilization of mixed pond ash in integrated steel plant for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    manufacturing superior quality bricks. PIYUSH ... Nearly 73% of India's total installed power generation capacity ... used to produce superior quality ash bricks, which would be more ..... Kumar V and Sharma P 1999 Fly ash management in iron.

  12. Nitrogen uptake in the northeastern Arabian Sea during winter cooling

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.; Ramesh, R.; Dwivedi, R.M.; Raman, M.; Sheshshayee, M.S.; DeSouza, W.

    /plain; charset=UTF-8 Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Oceanography Volume 2010, Article ID 819029, 11 pages doi:10.1155/2010/819029 Research Article Nitrogen Uptake in the Northeastern Arabian Sea during Winter Cooling S. Kumar, 1...

  13. Chemical Applications of Second Harmonic Rayleigh Scattering ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Chemical Applications of Second Harmonic Rayleigh Scattering Puspendu Kumar Das Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 560012, India pkdas@ipc.iisc.ernet.in.

  14. Cloning and semi-quantitative expression of endochitinase ( ech42 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cloning and semi-quantitative expression of endochitinase (ech42) gene from Trichoderma spp. Pratibha Sharma, K Saravanan, R Ramesh, P Vignesh Kumar, Dinesh Singh, Manika Sharma, Monica S. Henry, Swati Deep ...

  15. Annual mean statistics of the surface fluxes of the tropical Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    RameshKumar, M.R.; Rao, L.V.G.

    MEAN STATISTICS OF THE SURFACE FLUXES OF THE TROPICAL INDIAN OCEAN (Research Note) M. R. RAMESH KUMAR and L. V. GANGADHARA RAO Physical Oceanography Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, 403004, Goa, India (Received in final...

  16. Unveiling DNA structural properties of promoter regions of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Aditya Kumar

    Unveiling DNA structural properties of promoter regions of prokaryotic transcriptome and their role in gene expression. Aditya Kumar. Assistant Professor. Molecular Biology & Biotechnology. Tezpur University. Tezpur – 784028, Assam ...

  17. Utilization of steel melting electric arc furnace slag for development ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Ritwik Sarkar1 Nar Singh2 Swapan Kumar Das2. Department of Ceramic Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela 769 008, India; Refractories Division, Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata 700 032, India ...

  18. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. V Sanil Kumar1 Glejin Johnson1 G Udhaba Dora1 Sajiv Philip Chempalayi1 Jai Singh1 P Pednekar1. Ocean Engineering, National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research), Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India.

  19. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Pradeep Kumar Vishwakarma1 Jan Mohammad Mir1 Ram Charitra Maurya1. Coordination, Bioinorganic and Computational Chemistry Laboratory, Department of P. G. Studies and Research in Chemistry and Pharmacy, R. D. University, Jabalpur 482 001, India ...

  20. List of Participants

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Aulakh Charanjit S, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali. Awasthi R L, Harish-Chandra ... Chakravarty Girish Kumar, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. Chatterjee Ayan, Central University of ... Majumdar Parthasarathi, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananada. University, Kolkata. Mangang ...

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . Pitfalls in Elementary. Physics - 4. light. Arvind Kumar. The Uncertainty Principle for Dummies. RahulSiddharthan. The Three Colour Problem. Dinoj Surendran. Think It Over. 82. Answer to 'locate the. Electrons' R Nilyananda. Information and.

  2. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. T S V Vijaya Kumar1 2 T N Krishnamurti1. Department of Meteorology, Florida State University,Tallahassee, Fl 32306-4520, USA. Present address: Environmental Modeling Center, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Camp Springs, Maryland, USA.

  3. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Saieswari Amaran1 Sanjay Kumar2. The Fritz Haber Research Centre and The Department of Physical Chemisry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel 91904; Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 ...

  4. Isodon purpurescence (Lamiaceae, a new species from Western Ghats, Kerala, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Naveen Kumar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Isodon purpurescence Sunil, Naveen Kumar & Ratheesh, from Ernakulam (Western Ghats, India is described and illustrated. Its diagnostic characters are discussed and comments made on differences between this and related species.

  5. Pollution by endocrine disrupting estrogens in aquatic ecosystems ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane Erike-Etchie

    reproductive abnormalities than the natural estrogens. (Aris et al., 2014). .... 2006; Pool, 2008). Detection and quantification of estrogens by ELISA competitive ..... Williams M, Wood M, Kumar A, Ying GG, Shareef A, Karkkainen M,. Kookana R ...

  6. Chemical Oscillations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IMTECH),. Chandigarh. Praveen Kumar is pursuing his PhD in chemical dynamics at. Panjab University,. Chandigarh. Keywords. Chemical oscillations, autoca-. talYSis, Lotka-Volterra model, bistability, hysteresis, Briggs-. Rauscher reaction.

  7. Effect of Traditional Processing Techniques on the Nutritional and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael Horsfall

    Composition of African Bread-Fruit (Treculia africana) Seeds. *IFEOMA I IJEH .... located mainly in the seed coat (Kumar et al, 1979;. Singh ... development and control of some metabolic processes ... (1996). Regulation of selenoprotein gene.

  8. Analogy of ISSR and RAPD markers for comparative analysis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Analogy of ISSR and RAPD markers for comparative analysis of genetic diversity among different Jatropha curcas genotypes. S Gupta, M Srivastava, GP Mishra, PK Naik, RS Chauhan, SK Tiwari, M Kumar, R Singh ...

  9. Randomized, interventional, prospective, comparative study to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Arun Kumar Agnihotri

    Internet Journal of Medical Update. 2015 January ... Kumar et al / Ramipril versus telmisartan in stage 1 hypertensive patients with diabetes mellitus. Copyrighted © by Dr. ...... J Assoc Physicians India. 2010;58:423-4. 19. ... Relationship of.

  10. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Vijay Kumar Sharma1. Chronobiology Laboratory Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Jakkur, PO Box. 6436 Bangalore 560 064. India ...

  11. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    cobaloxime by aliphatic amine ligands · M Bhoopal N Ravi Kumar Reddy S Satyanarayana .... pp 129-134 Physical and Theoretical. Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of substituted benzylamines by cetyltrimethylammonium permanganate.

  12. Fate of sulphate removed during the treatment of circumneutral mine water and acid mine drainage with coal fly ash: Modelling and experimental approach

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Madzivire, G

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Godfrey Madzivirea, , Wilson M. Gitarib, V.R. Kumar Vadapallic, Tunde V. Ojumud, Leslie F. Petrika a Environmental & Nano Sciences Research Group, Chemistry Department, University of the Western Cape, Modderdam Road, Private Bag X17, Bellville, 7535...

  13. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Sankar Kumar Nath1 Khemraj Shukla1 Madhav Vyas2. Department of Geology and Geophysics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721 302, India. Schlumberger Limited, Houston, Texas 77077, USA.

  14. Experience composite worth: A combination of experience quality ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kirstam

    sity. E-mail: felix.amoah@nmmu.ac.za/felix.amoah@mandela.ac.za ... Bell 2007), positive word-of-mouth messages (Kumar, Lassar & Butaney 2014) .... involvement and tourist knowledge provide a measure of experience value associated.

  15. Datasets in Gene Expression Omnibus used in the study ORD-019001: Compensatory changes in CYP expression in three different toxicology mouse models: CAR-null, Cyp3a-null, and Cyp2b9/10/13-null mice.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Accession numbers of microarray data sets used in the analysis. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Kumar, R., L. Mota, E. Litoff, J. Rooney,...

  16. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. ARUNENDRA SINGH1 AMOD KUMAR TIWARI2 RAJIV SRIVASTAVA3. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow 226031, India; Rajkiya Engineering College, Churk, Sonbhadra 231216, India; Scholartech Education, Kanpur 208027, India ...

  17. Reserve-Constrained Multiarea Environmental/Economic Dispatch Using Enhanced Particle Swarm Optimization

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Lingfeng; Singh, Chanan

    2007-01-01

    Source: Swarm Intelligence: Focus on Ant and Particle Swarm Optimization, Book edited by: Felix T. S. Chan and Manoj Kumar Tiwari, ISBN 978-3-902613-09-7, pp. 532, December 2007, Itech Education and Publishing, Vienna, Austria

  18. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    desorption technique using an indigenous resin · M LAXMI DEEPAK BHATLU SATYA VIR SINGH ASHOK KUMAR VERMA · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A process technology has been developed for recovery of naringin from kinnow ...

  19. Rapid heating effects on grain-size, texture and magnetic properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    oriented electrical steels (Kumar et ... through changes in recovery and recrystallization beha- viour during the final annealing treatment (Duan et .... recovery, recrystallization and grain coarsening (Doherty et al 1988). The size of recrystallized grain is ...

  20. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 13, No 6 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nanotechnology in sustainable agriculture: Present concerns and future aspects · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. R Prasad, V Kumar, KS Prasad, 705-713 ...

  1. 76 FR 51027 - Pesticide Products; Receipt of Applications to Register New Uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    ... (edamame) and watermelon. Contact: Hope Johnson, Registration Division, (703) 305-5410, [email protected]: Chlorantraniliprole. Proposed Use(s): Field corn seed treatment. Contact: Rita Kumar, Registration Division, (703) 308...

  2. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Nuclear Physics, Kolkata. The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. Advisory Board. Mustansir Barma, Mumbai. Jayanta Kumar Bhattacharjee, Kolkata. Indrani Bose, Kolkata. Bikas K Chakrabarti, Kolkata. Chandan Dasgupta, Bangalore. Deepak Dhar, Mumbai.

  3. List of Participants

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Guna Sundari E, Vellore Institute of Technology ... Linesh J, Government College, Mananthavdy. Linganna K ... Ramachandra Rao K, Government College, Rajamundry ... Kumar N R P, Laser Spectra Services/Newport Corporation, Bangalore.

  4. Development of Two-Dimensional NMR

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 20; Issue 11. Development of Two-Dimensional NMR: Strucure Determination of Biomolecules in Solution. Anil Kumar. General Article Volume 20 Issue 11 November 2015 pp 995-1002 ...

  5. Drug-induced lupus erythematosus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tsokos GC, ed. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus . Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 54. Habif TP. Connective tissue diseases. ... TP, ed. Clinical Dermatology . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 17. Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster ...

  6. Fellowship | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Address: Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, ..... Bag, Dr Amulya Kumar ..... Specialization: Atmospheric Sciences, Global Change & Atmospheric Environment, Urban Air Pollution & Chemical-Climate Change, ...

  7. Fellowship | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Bag, Dr Amulya Kumar Ph.D. (Calcutta). Date of birth: 11 January 1937. Specialization: History of Mathematics, Astronomy & Technology in India ..... Change & Atmospheric Environment, Urban Air Pollution & Chemical-Climate Change, 2-D ...

  8. Flax reinforced thermoset composites from polyfurfuryl alcohol

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kumar, R

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Composites from Polyfurfuryl Alcohol Rakesh Kumar and Rajesh Anandjiwala CSIR Materials Science and Manufacturing, Nonwovens and Composites Group, Port Elizabeth Port Elizabeth 11th ICAM, Rio de Janerio, Brazil, September 20-25, 2009 © CSIR 2007...

  9. Sentiment analysis enhancement with target variable in Kumar’s Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arman, A. A.; Kawi, A. B.; Hurriyati, R.

    2016-04-01

    Sentiment analysis (also known as opinion mining) refers to the use of text analysis and computational linguistics to identify and extract subjective information in source materials. Sentiment analysis is widely applied to reviews discussion that is being talked in social media for many purposes, ranging from marketing, customer service, or public opinion of public policy. One of the popular algorithm for Sentiment Analysis implementation is Kumar algorithm that developed by Kumar and Sebastian. Kumar algorithm can identify the sentiment score of the statement, sentence or tweet, but cannot determine the relationship of the object or target related to the sentiment being analysed. This research proposed solution for that challenge by adding additional component that represent object or target to the existing algorithm (Kumar algorithm). The result of this research is a modified algorithm that can give sentiment score based on a given object or target.

  10. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    independent search for new physics at D0 experiment · Md Naimuddin ... Precision measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters at INO-ICAL detector · Daljeet Kaur Md Naimuddin Sanjeev Kumar Verma · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  11. Double trisomy with 48, XXX+21 karyotype in a Down's syndrome ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Wahied Khawar Balwan1 Parvinder Kumar1 T. R. Raina1 Subash Gupta1. Human Genetic Research cum Counselling Centre, University of Jammu, Government Medical College, Jammu 180 006, India ...

  12. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2018-03-22

    Mar 22, 2018 ... Voltage decay is an important issue in the power system community. ... of voltage profile, the total real power loss in the system is also determined to ..... Kumar A. Optimal placement of DG in radial distribution systems based.

  13. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    David Seward

    rights abuse in the 1990s, the issue of family violence has achieved a much greater profile in ..... Ankur Kumar, Domestic Violence in India: Causes, Consequences and Remedies,. 2010, available at ...... fluence of patriarchal biases in judicial ...

  14. Biodegradation of Endosulfan by Mixed Bacteria Culture Strains

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nwokem et al.

    environment through various activities (Qureshi et al., 2009). Pesticide exposure ... Although extensive research on the use of bioremediation as a means of detoxifying ..... Pesticide, Chlorpyrifos.3 Biotechnology.;3:137–142. Kumar, K., Devi ...

  15. PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MESUA FERREA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a

    2Department of Chemistry, Rajshahi University of Engineering and ... Studies on the physico-chemical characteristics of seed oils of Mesua ferrea collected ..... Sarkar, Subodh Kumar M.Phil Thesis, Rajshahi University, Bangladesh; 2001; p 91 ...

  16. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Nilesh K Wagholikar1 K C Sinha Ray2 P N Sen2 P Pradeep Kumar2. Sir Parashurambhau College, Pune, Maharashtra 411 030, India. Department of Atmospheric and Space Sciences, University of Pune, Pune 411 007, India.

  17. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. S Chandrappa Santosh Kumar1 Javagal Rangaswamy Manjunatha1 Pullabhatla Srinivas1 Bheemanakere Kemapaiah Bettadaiah1. Plantation Products, Spices and Flavour Technology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 020, India ...

  18. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology - Vol ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Performance of solar photovoltaic array fed water pumping system utilizing switched reluctance motor · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Bhim Singh, Anjanee Kumar Mishra, 1-9 ...

  19. Development of Ultraviolet Spectrophotometric Method for Analysis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    Method for Analysis of Lornoxicam in Solid Dosage. Forms. Sunit Kumar Sahoo ... testing. Mean recovery was 100.82 % for tablets. Low values of % RSD indicate .... Saharty E, Refaat YS, Khateeb ME. Stability-. Indicating. Spectrophotometric.

  20. Genetic diversity of maize genotypes on the basis of morpho ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genetic diversity of maize genotypes on the basis of morpho-physiological and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Ashish Kumar, Arunita Rakshit, Naresh K Mangilipelli, Y Varalaxmi, T Vijayalakshmi, Jainender M Vanaja, SK Yadav, B Venkateswarlu, M Maheswari ...

  1. Peter Debye and Electrochemistry

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. A K Shukla1 T Prem Kumar2. Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India. Electrochemical Power Systems Division Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CSIR) Karaikudi 630006, India.

  2. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Professor Sisir Kumar Mitra - As I. Remember Him ... Sources of Man's Knowledge · Vikram A Sarabhai .... The Scientific Enterprise - Some Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge ... Darshana Jolts - Sound: The Vehicle for Speech and Music.

  3. Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    2014-06-04

    Jun 4, 2014 ... Bheemagani1, Prem Kumar1, Venkatesh K1 and Anupalli Roja Rani1. 1Department ... Human infections caused by microorganisms and fungi are rampant ... gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes).

  4. Can combining web and mobile communication channels reveal concealed customer value?

    OpenAIRE

    Bothorel, Grégoire; Vanheems, Régine; Guérin, Anne

    2015-01-01

    International audience; Many firms have implemented a customer-value based segmentation to improve the efficiency of MARCOM campaigns as part of their long term customer relationship strategies (Kumar 2010, Thomas et al. 2005).If distribution channel addition may increase the intrinsic customer value (Kumar 2005, Rangaswamy 2005) in a US context as well as in a French context (Vanheems 2009), few studies have been conducted about the impact of adding a new communication channel during the sam...

  5. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp 509-528 Research Articles. Three-body analysis ofLi and its -decay to deuteron channel and to halo analog stateBe (18.3 MeV) · S Kumar V S Bhasin · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The ground state wave function of 11Li obtained in a three-body model proposed earlier (S Kumar and V S Bhasin, Phys. Rev. C65 ...

  6. Triethylammonium salt of dimethyl diphenyldithiophosphates: Single ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Moreno-Esparza R 2010 Struct. Chem. 21 191. 24. Bajia S C 2011 Synth. React. Inorg. Met.-Org. Nano. Met. Chem. 41 746. 25. Khajuria R, Kumar S, Kour G, Anthal S, Gupta V K,. Kant R and Pandey S K 2014 J. Coord. Chem. 67 2925. 26. Kumar S, Khajuria R, Gupta V K, Kant R and Pandey S. K 2014 Polyhedron 72 140.

  7. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Johnson Carl Hirschie (5) 22 (GA). Joshi A W (3) 69 (CR). Kar Guruprasad (8) 41, (9) 43 (GA). Karandikar Rajeeva L (3) 86 (CR). Kaw P K (11) 22 (GA). Konar Sushan (4) 91 (CR). Krishna Chitanya K (8) 90 (CR). Kumar Arvind (12) 10 (GA). Kumar Praveen (2) 43, (7) 61 (GA). Kumara Swamy K C (9) 72 (FA). Kunkri Samir (8) ...

  8. Self-consistent study of localization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brezini, A.; Olivier, G.

    1981-08-01

    The localization models of Abou-Chacra et al. and Kumar et al. are critically re-examined in the limit of weak disorder. By using an improved method of approximation, we have studied the displacement of the band edge and the mobility edge as function of disorder and compared the results of Abou-Chacra et al. and Kumar et al. in the light of the present approximation. (author)

  9. Theory of thermal expansivity and bulk modulus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kumar, Munish

    2005-01-01

    The expression for thermal expansivity and bulk modulus, claimed by Shanker et al. to be new [Physica B 233 (1977) 78; 245 (1998) 190; J. Phys. Chem. Solids 59 (1998) 197] are compared with the theory of high pressure-high temperature reported by Kumar and coworkers. It is concluded that the Shanker formulation and the relations based on this are equal to the approach of Kumar et al. up to second order

  10. Identification and Characterization of Distinct Apoptotic Pathways in Cancer Cells Activated in Response to Treatment with Different Anti-Cancer Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-08-01

    caspases precursors in different cell type induce apoptosis (Miura et al. 1993; Fernandes- 3 Alnemri et al. 1994; Kumar et al. 1994; Wang et al. 1994; Boldin ...association of ribosomes with mRNA. The lysates were sedimented through a linear sucrose gradient and fractions were collected. RNA was extracted from...precursors in different cell type induces apoptosis (Miura et al. 1993; Fernandes- Alnemri et al. 1994; Kumar et al. 1994; Wang et al. 1994; Boldin et al

  11. A low-power multi port register file design using a low-swing strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yan Hao; Liu Yan; Hua Siliang; Wang Donghui; Hou Chaohuan

    2012-01-01

    A low-power register file is designed by using a low-swing strategy and modified NAND address decoders. The proposed low-swing strategy is based on the feedback scheme and uses dynamic logic to reduce the active feedback power. This method contains two parts: WRITE and READ strategy. In the WRITE low-swing scheme, the modified memory cell is used to support low-swing WRITE. The modified NAND decoder not only dissipates less power, but also enables a great deal of area reduction. Compared with the conventional single-ended register file, the low-swing strategy saves 34.5% and 51.15% bit-line power in WRITE and READ separately. The post simulation results indicate a 39.4% power improvement when the twelve ports are all busy. (semiconductor integrated circuits)

  12. Ionizing radiation detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thacker, Louis H.

    1990-01-01

    An ionizing radiation detector is provided which is based on the principle of analog electronic integration of radiation sensor currents in the sub-pico to nano ampere range between fixed voltage switching thresholds with automatic voltage reversal each time the appropriate threshold is reached. The thresholds are provided by a first NAND gate Schmitt trigger which is coupled with a second NAND gate Schmitt trigger operating in an alternate switching state from the first gate to turn either a visible or audible indicating device on and off in response to the gate switching rate which is indicative of the level of radiation being sensed. The detector can be configured as a small, personal radiation dosimeter which is simple to operate and responsive over a dynamic range of at least 0.01 to 1000 R/hr.

  13. The discovery of the genus Spasskia Belokobylskij, 1989 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in China, with description of a new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Cheng-jin; He, Jun-hua; Chen, Xue-xin

    2014-01-01

    The genus Spasskia Belokobylskij, 1989 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Helconinae) is reported for the first time from China. Two species, namely Spasskia brevicarinata Yan et Chen sp. n.and Spasskia indica Singh, Belokobylskij et Chauhan, 2005 are described and illustrated. A key to the species of this genus is updated to include the new species. This is an open access paper. We use the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license that permits unrestricted use, provided that the paper is properly attributed.

  14. The U.S. Air Service in World War I. Volume III. The Battle of St. Mihiel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    Headquarters: Station: La Ferte-sous-Jouarre, Department of Seine - et - Marne , France. Commander: Gei. John J. Pershing, U.S. Army Staff: Chiei of...in its series on the operations of the various U.S. divisions in France,7 and by maps that the Service Historique of France published with French...region between the Aisne and Marne rivers when the Allied commanders met on 24 July 1918 at Bombon, the headquarters of Marshal Ferdi- nand Foch, the

  15. History of the Army Ground Forces. Study Number 24. History of the Mountain Training Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    1948-01-01

    yaws, pius the knowledge of mevoral experienced mountaineers and skiers in the Office of the Quartermster General. On 20 May 1943 the Mountain and... skier ? Or will a mini- of knowledge and proficiency be sufficient? These are the questions that tad to be answered before the large-scale trainiag of...the prerogatives of Army co-nand were subordinated to the superior knowledge and skills of the mountaineering experts who had come into the Army7

  16. Simulation of electromagnetic aggression on components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adoun, G.; Coumar, O.

    1997-01-01

    Numerical simulation techniques can be used for studying the behaviour of electronic components exposed to electromagnetic aggression. This article discusses CW analysis on a CMOS-technology logic NAND gate under electromagnetic aggression of different amplitudes (2.5 V 5 V), frequencies (100 MHz and 1 GHz) and phase. Numerical simulations were conducted using three codes: Spice code was used for solving electronic circuits, and the Atlas and Dessis codes were used for examining internal component behaviour. (authors)

  17. The evolution of a clinical database: from local to standardized clinical languages.

    OpenAIRE

    Prophet, C. M.

    2000-01-01

    For more than twenty years, the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Nursing Informatics (UIHC NI) has been developing a clinical database to support patient care planning and documentation in the INFORMM NIS (Information Network for Online Retrieval & Medical Management Nursing Information System). Beginning in 1992, the database content was revised to standardize orders and to incorporate the Standardized Nursing Languages (SNLs) of the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NAND...

  18. Assembly of Nanoscale Organic Single-Crystal Cross-Wire Circuits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholm, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Organic single-crystal transistors and circuits can be assembled by nanomechanical manipulation of nanowires of CuPc, F(16)CuPc, and SnO(2):Sb. The crossed bar devices have low operational voltage, high mobility and are stable in air. They can be combined into circuits, providing varied functions...... including inverters and NOR and NAND logic gates, opening new opportunities for organic nanoelectronics and highly sophisticated integrated logic devices....

  19. Integrated Circuit Immunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sketoe, J. G.; Clark, Anthony

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents a DOD E3 program overview on integrated circuit immunity. The topics include: 1) EMI Immunity Testing; 2) Threshold Definition; 3) Bias Tee Function; 4) Bias Tee Calibration Set-Up; 5) EDM Test Figure; 6) EMI Immunity Levels; 7) NAND vs. and Gate Immunity; 8) TTL vs. LS Immunity Levels; 9) TP vs. OC Immunity Levels; 10) 7805 Volt Reg Immunity; and 11) Seventies Chip Set. This paper is presented in viewgraph form.

  20. Ekonomické, politické a společenské dopady exportu ropy ve vybraných zemích se zaměřením na Venezuelu

    OpenAIRE

    Bezděk, Martin

    2009-01-01

    This thesis is focused on the influence of money, that comes from oil export, on economy, politics and society of selected oil exporting countries: Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Norway, Ira nand Equatorial Guinea. The first part characterizes oil, its extraction, reserves, flows, and consumption . The influence of oil on economy, politics and society is explained on the example of Venezuela in the second chapter. In the third part the effects in the other countries are compared. The key question i...

  1. Education as a mirror of Spanish society: challenges and policies towards multiple diversity

    OpenAIRE

    Zapata Barrero, Ricard

    2011-01-01

    The ways in which the dominant cultural majority frames the educational/nsystem determine perceptions of its own identity and understandings of/nthe ‘other.’ In this article I take a political approach, by examining the/nmanagement of cultural diversity within Spanish education policies, treating/n“education as the mirror of society”. This article analyzes Spanish challenges/nand policies approaches towards the management of immigration/nrelated diversity in education. The main finding is tha...

  2. Anzio Beachhead, 22 January - 25 May 1944

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    out three Mark IV tanks and effectively better success. Mark IV and Mark VI Tiger tanks stopped the armored attack. attacked the 3d Battalion’s right...scored five hits on a Tiger tank . enemy attack. No opposition was encountered and Artillery and tank destroyers had already disposed the former positions...assault against the tank recovery crews tried to reach a damaged Ferdi- Anzio beachhead. It was a costly failure for the nand tank destroyer and a Tiger

  3. Nursery areas and recruitment variation of Northeast Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansen, Teunis; Kristensen, Kasper; Van der Kooij, Jeroen

    2015-01-01

    There are currently no dedicated recruitment survey data available in support of the assessment of the abundance and distribution of Northeast Atlantic (NEA) mackerel (Scomber scombrus), one of the most widespread and commercially important fish stocks in the North Atlantic. This is despite the f......, showing that the most important nursery areas are around Ireland, north and west of Scotland, in the northern North Sea north of 598Nand, to some extent, also in the Bay of Biscay....

  4. Racial variations in interfacial behavior of lipids extracted from worn soft contact lenses

    OpenAIRE

    Svitova, TF; Lin, MC

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: To explore interfacial behaviors and effects of temperature and dilatation on dynamic properties of multilayered human tear lipids extracted from silicone hydrogel (SiH) lenses worn by asymptomatic Asian and white subjects. METHODS: Interfacial properties of lipids extracted from Focus NandD lenses worn by 14 subjects continuously for 1 month were studied. The lipids were deposited on an air bubble immersed in a model tear electrolyte (MTE) solution to form 100 ± 20-nm-thick films. S...

  5. The impact of silicon nano-wire technology on the design of single-work-function CMOS transistors and circuits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bindal, Ahmet; Hamedi-Hagh, Sotoudeh

    2006-01-01

    This three-dimensional exploratory study on vertical silicon wire MOS transistors with metal gates and undoped bodies demonstrates that these transistors dissipate less power and occupy less layout area while producing comparable transient response with respect to the state-of-the-art bulk and SOI technologies. The study selects a single metal gate work function for both NMOS and PMOS transistors to alleviate fabrication difficulties and then determines a common device geometry to produce an OFF current smaller than 1 pA for each transistor. Once an optimum wire radius and effective channel length is determined, DC characteristics including threshold voltage roll-off, drain-induced barrier lowering and sub-threshold slope of each transistor are measured. Simple CMOS gates such as an inverter, two- and three-input NAND, NOR and XOR gates and a full adder, composed of the optimum NMOS and PMOS transistors, are built to measure transient performance, power dissipation and layout area. Simulation results indicate that worst-case transient time and worst-case delay are 1.63 and 1.46 ps, respectively, for a two-input NAND gate and 7.51 and 7.43 ps, respectively, for a full adder for a fan-out of six transistor gates (24 aF). Worst-case power dissipation is 62.1 nW for a two-input NAND gate and 118.1 nW for a full adder at 1 GHz for the same output capacitance. The layout areas are 0.0066 μm 2 for the two-input NAND gate and 0.049 μm 2 for the full adder circuits

  6. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kisoro mother plants received N rates of 0, 120 and 240 kg ha·1. , and potassium rates of 0, 132.8 and ... Mother plants supplied with 120 and J 32.8 kg Nand K, respectively, produced true seed with high seedling emergence and vigour .... 1984):CVE = I 00 LON/ ON,TJ, where N is the number of seeds germinated on day i ...

  7. NAFFS: network attached flash file system for cloud storage on portable consumer electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Lin; Huang, Hao; Xie, Changsheng

    Cloud storage technology has become a research hotspot in recent years, while the existing cloud storage services are mainly designed for data storage needs with stable high speed Internet connection. Mobile Internet connections are often unstable and the speed is relatively low. These native features of mobile Internet limit the use of cloud storage in portable consumer electronics. The Network Attached Flash File System (NAFFS) presented the idea of taking the portable device built-in NAND flash memory as the front-end cache of virtualized cloud storage device. Modern portable devices with Internet connection have built-in more than 1GB NAND Flash, which is quite enough for daily data storage. The data transfer rate of NAND flash device is much higher than mobile Internet connections[1], and its non-volatile feature makes it very suitable as the cache device of Internet cloud storage on portable device, which often have unstable power supply and intermittent Internet connection. In the present work, NAFFS is evaluated with several benchmarks, and its performance is compared with traditional network attached file systems, such as NFS. Our evaluation results indicate that the NAFFS achieves an average accessing speed of 3.38MB/s, which is about 3 times faster than directly accessing cloud storage by mobile Internet connection, and offers a more stable interface than that of directly using cloud storage API. Unstable Internet connection and sudden power off condition are tolerable, and no data in cache will be lost in such situation.

  8. Effect of anabolic steroid on the recovery of white blood cell count after irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamagishi, Motohisa; Niki, Takamichi; Hiraoka, Atsunobu; Uchino, Haruto

    1979-01-01

    In order to observe the effects of nandrolone decanoate (NAN-D), an anabolic steroid, on granulocytes, its effect on the recovery of white blood cells (WBC) and granulocytes after radiation injuries was studied. Male mice were irradiated with 405 to 410 R of γ rays, and a 2.5 mg/dose of NAN-D was given subcutaneously 6 to 7 days after irradiation (group I) or immediately after irradiation (group II). The degree of decrease in WBC after irradiation was the same in both groups, but the recovery of WBC 18 days after irradiation was marked in group II, the control group, and group I, respectively. The recovery of granulocytes was the most marked in group II and was more marked in group I than in the control group. In an experiment in which NAN-D was given 2 to 3 days before irradiation (group III), WBC showed higher values in group III than in the control group 9 days after irradiation. The difference in WBC between group III and the control group was the greatest 17 days after irradiation. A gross count of granulocyte precursor cells in one femur clearly increased in the groups given this agent. (Tsunoda, M.)

  9. Fabrication of nanoadjuvant with poly-ɛ-caprolactone (PCL for developing a single-shot vaccine providing prolonged immunity [Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashant CK

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Prashant CK, Bhat M, Srivastava SK, et al. Int J Nanomedicine. 2014;9:937–950.On page 937, the author affiliations have been listed incorrectly. The correct author list is as follows:Chandravilas Keshvan Prashant1Madhusudan Bhat2Sandeep Kumar Srivastava2Ankit Saxena3Manoj Kumar4Amar Singh3Mohammed Samim5Farhan Jalees Ahmad6Amit Kumar Dinda21Faculty of Engineering and Interdisciplinary Sciences, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India; 2Department of Pathology, 3Department of Transplant Immunology and Immunogenetics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; 4Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India; 5Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India; 6Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, IndiaRead the original article

  10. Wave characteristics off Visakhapatnam coast during a cyclone

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V.; AshokKumar, K.; Raju, N.S.N.

    CURRENT SCIENC E, VOL. 86, NO. 11, 10 JUNE 2004 *For correspondence. (e - mail: sanil@darya.nio.org) Wave characteristics off Visakhapatnam coast du r ing a cyclone V. Sanil Kumar*, K. Ashok Kumar and N. S. N. Raju Ocean Engineering Division.... Wave period The variation of average wave period ( T 02 ), period corr e- sponding to maximum wave height ( T H max ) and wave p e- riod corresponding to maximum spectral energy ( T p ) during the observation period are shown in Figure 4. Du r- i ng...

  11. Quantum Einstein, Bohr and the great debate about the nature of reality

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Manjit

    2008-01-01

    For most people, quantum theory is a byword for mysterious, impenetrable science. And yet for many years it was equally baffling for scientists themselves. Manjit Kumar gives a dramatic and superbly-written history of this fundamental scientific revolution, and the divisive debate at its heart.  For 60 years most physicists believed that quantum theory denied the very existence of reality itself. Yet Kumar shows how the golden age of physics ignited the greatest intellectual debate of the twentieth century.  Quantum sets the science in the context of the great upheavals of the modern age. In 1

  12. Slow Growth and Optimal Approximation of Pseudoanalytic Functions on the Disk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devendra Kumar

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Pseudoanalytic functions (PAF are constructed as complex combination of real-valued analytic solutions to the Stokes-Betrami System. These solutions include the generalized biaxisymmetric potentials. McCoy [10] considered the approximation of pseudoanalytic functions on the disk. Kumar et al. [9] studied the generalized order and generalized type of PAF in terms of the Fourier coefficients occurring in its local expansion and optimal approximation errors in Bernstein sense on the disk. The aim of this paper is to improve the results of McCoy [10] and Kumar et al. [9]. Our results apply satisfactorily for slow growth.

  13. Corrigendum: Request that it is necessary to correct affiliations of the authors of the paper: Numerical model and experimental validation of the heat transfer in air cooled solar photovoltaic panel, https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI16S4071R

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Senthil Kumar RANGANATHANa*, Natarajan ELUMALAIb, and Puja Priyadharshini NATARAJANc aDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai, India bDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, KCG College of Technology, Chennai, India has to be written as: Senthil Kumar RANGANATHANa*, Natarajan ELUMALAIa, and Puja Priyadharshini NATARAJANb aDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai, India bDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, KCG College of Technology, Chennai, India Link to the corrected article 10.2298/TSCI16S4071R

  14. Erratum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    In the editorial by Cohen et al. , the incorrect affiliation was given for two of the co-authors. The correct affiliation for Dr Smita Pattanaik and Dr Praveen Kumar is the Department of Pharmacology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. The Journal apologises for this error. Reference Cohen A, Pattanaik S, Kumar P, Bies RR, de Boer A, Ferro A, et al. Organised crime against the academic peer review system. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2016; 81: 1012-7. © 2016 The British Pharmacological Society.

  15. Permanent and Transient Radiation Effects on Thin-Oxide (200-A) MOS Transistors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-01

    IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., NS-22 (December 1975). 3S. Share, A. S. Epstein, V. Kumar. W. E. Dahike, and W. Haller, .1. Appl . Phyms.. 45 (1974), 4894. 4...resulting in a total dose of 106 rads(Si). 3S. Share, A. S. Epstein, V Kumar. W. /.’. Da/ Nike , and W. ilallcr,.I. Appi Phis.. 4.5 /1914). 4894.6 D L...tusnan, Jr., IhEk Trans. Nucl. Sci., NS-22 (December 1975), 2163. Is G. A. Auspnan and F. B. McLean, Appl . Phyv. Lett.,_6 (1975). 17.?.6 M. Simons

  16. What Determines Joint Venture Termination?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Bo Bernhard

    2012-01-01

    Joint venture (JV) research continues to flourish as researchers seek to advance our understanding of why so many JVs fail. Cui and Kumar (this issue) take a contingency approach to explain how and why business relatedness may provide new insights as to what determines JV termination. This commen......Joint venture (JV) research continues to flourish as researchers seek to advance our understanding of why so many JVs fail. Cui and Kumar (this issue) take a contingency approach to explain how and why business relatedness may provide new insights as to what determines JV termination...

  17. (Late Cretaceous), Narmada Basin, central India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    67

    2016-05-23

    May 23, 2016 ... The study is based on the fresh collections from three ... and south forming an intervening graben (Kumar et. al. 1999 .... morphologically highly variable ammonite Placenticeras mintoi (Vredenberg), Jaitly and Ajane .... The authors thank to the Department of Geology for providing facilities of research work.

  18. RNA Polymerase II–The Transcription Machine

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 12; Issue 3. RNA Polymerase II – The Transcription Machine - Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2006. Jiyoti Verma Aruna Naorem Anand Kumar Manimala Sen Parag Sadhale. General Article Volume 12 Issue 3 March 2007 pp 47-53 ...

  19. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Gurunath Gurrala. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 37 Issue 4 August 2012 pp 521-537. Decentralized linear quadratic power system stabilizers for multi-machine power systems · A Venkateswara Reddy M Vijay Kumar Indraneel Sen Gurunath Gurrala · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  20. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Priyakshi Mahanta. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 39 Issue 3 June 2014 pp 351-364 Articles. FUMET: A fuzzy network module extraction technique for gene expression data · Priyakshi Mahanta Hasin Afzal Ahmed Dhruba Kumar Bhattacharyya Ashish Ghosh.

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ART

    R = Ph-CH2, X = Cl (T-1). R = C2H5, X = Br (T-2). R = CH3, X = I (T-3). 355. Page 2. 311. RESONANCE | April 2008. DEPARTMENTS. Editorial. Biman Nath. Artist's impression of a black hole. (Courtesy:NASA). Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri. (1923 – 2005). ( Illustration: Subhankar Biswas ). Front Cover. Back Cover. 307.

  2. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Ashoka G Samuelson. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences ... Issue 6 November 2012 pp 1343-1352. Computational tools for mechanistic discrimination in the reductive and metathesis coupling reactions mediated by titanium(IV) isopropoxide · Akshai Kumar Ashoka G ...

  3. S Saroja

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. S Saroja. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 34 Issue 3 June 2011 pp 483-489. Structural characteristics of titanium coating on copper substrates · Arup Dasgupta Akash Singh Pradyumna Kumar Parida R Ramaseshan P Kuppusami S Saroja M ...

  4. Nutrition Frontiers - Spring 2018 | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dear Colleague, The spring issue of Nutrition Frontiers showcases the association of gut microbial communities in premenopausal women, how high-fat, high-calorie-diet-induced obesity may increase pancreatic cancer, and the effects of calorie restriction protocols on pro-inflammatory cytokines. Meet our spotlight investigator, Dr. Purnima Kumar, and her research on black

  5. Characterization of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Windows

    2013-03-13

    Mar 13, 2013 ... varieties using SDS-PAGE and RAPD markers. R. K. Singh1,2*, S. S. Verma1, R. S. Meena3 and Rajesh Kumar4. 1Department of Seed Science and Technology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India. 2Scientist (SS), Central Potato Research Station, Sahaynagar, Patna-801506, Bihar, India.

  6. Physico-Chemical Characterization and Pollution Index ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MICHAEL HORSFALL

    bodies; groundwater and surface water (Slomwcznska ... may then enter the environment and pollute the surrounding water ... In order to avoid chemical and biological changes that have the ..... disposal of treated leachates to inland surface water .... India. 3(5): 147-153. Kumar, D., and Alappat, B. J. (2003b). A technique.

  7. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 68; Issue 5. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 68, Issue 5. May 2007, pages 707-880. pp 707-720 Research Articles. Bianchi Type-II inflationary models with constant deceleration parameter in general relativity · C P Singh S Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  8. Resonance journal of science education

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    810 Grasshoppers – Generalists to Specialists? S V Eswaran and Akanksha Jindal. 817 Application of Analytical Geometry to the Form of. Gear Teeth. V G A Goss. SERIES ARTICLES. 832 Circadian Rhythms. The Underlying Molecular Mechanisms. Nikhil K L and Vijay Kumar Sharma. BOOK REVIEW. 856 Pure Delight.

  9. a near ambient pressure UV photoelectron spectroscopy

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Manoj Kumar Ghosalya

    2018-03-02

    Mar 2, 2018 ... UV photoelectron spectroscopy (NAP-UPS) investigations. MANOJ KUMAR ... gations led to various models of Ag-O2 interaction to explain its role in the .... charge lamp (for He I and He II excitations) are available as photon ...

  10. Errata Resonance, Vol.20, No.12, 2015. Rajaram Nityananda, Sun ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Resonance, Vol.20, No.12, 2015. Rajaram Nityananda, Sun, Sky and Clouds: Where Light and Matter Meet. Page 1121: The correct Figure 5 is reproduced below: Resonance, Vol.20, No.11, 2015. Anil Kumar, Felix Bloch (1905–1983). Page 956: Para 1, Line 5, 'also from Zürich' should be read as 'from nearby Bern'.

  11. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. K P Venkatesh. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 34 Issue 4 August 2009 pp 633-642. Design and characterization of in-plane MEMS yaw rate sensor · K P Venkatesh Nishad Patil Ashok Kumar Pandey Rudra Pratap · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper, we present the design and ...

  12. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. V D Mishra. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 118 Issue 1 February 2009 pp 11-26. Assessment of different topographic corrections in AWiFS satellite imagery of Himalaya terrain · V D Mishra J K Sharma K K Singh N K Thakur M Kumar.

  13. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. BALAJI SRINIVASAN. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 3 March 2017 pp 433-445. Drag reduction by the introduction of shear-free surfaces in a turbulent channel flow · AJAY KUMAR SOOD MURALI R CHOLEMARI BALAJI SRINIVASAN · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  14. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Frost, J. David. Gadre Vikram M. Gakkhar, R. P.. Galal, Khaled E. Gandhi, K. S.. Ganesh Anuradha. Gangashetty Suryakanth V. Gangopadhyay Soumya. Ganguly Swaroop. Garg Saurabh. Garg Ashish. Gaur Manoj. Gautam Kumar Dey. Gengaje Sachin R. George Joseph. Gerdts, M. Gettu Ravindra. Gevers Theo.

  15. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. A RAJESH. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 11 November 2016 pp 1261-1274. Context sensitive trust based geographic opportunistic routing in mobile ad hoc networks · A RAJESH N MOHAN KUMAR · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Position based opportunistic routing (POR) is ...

  16. Dielectric behaviour of sodium and potassium doped magnesium ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dielectric behaviour of sodium and potassium doped magnesium titanate. VISHNU SHANKER. ∗. , SANTOSH KUMAR and T SURENDAR. Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology, Warangal 506 004, India. MS received 10 November 2011; revised 27 February 2012. Abstract. Pure phase of magnesium ...

  17. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Operational mesoscale atmospheric dispersion prediction using a parallel computing cluster · C V Srinivas R Venkatesan N V Muralidharan Someshwar Das Hari Dass P Eswara Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. An operational atmospheric dispersion prediction system is implemented on a cluster supercomputer ...

  18. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Sandip Bysakh. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 39 Issue 4 August 2014 pp 957-970. Correlation between optical emission spectra and the process parameters of a 915 MHz microwave plasma CVD reactor used for depositing polycrystalline diamond coatings · Awadesh Kumar Mallik Sandip ...

  19. Studies on mutagenic effectiveness and efficiency in Fenugreek ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    shagufta

    2013-05-01

    May 1, 2013 ... improvement, the basic studies on effectiveness and efficiency of a mutagen in a crop are necessary to recover high frequency of desirable mutations (Kumar and Mani, 1997; Badere and Chaudhary, 2007). Mutagenic effectiveness is an index of the response of a genotype to the increasing doses of the ...

  20. Zimbabwe Journal of Technological Sciences - 2015

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Special Issue. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. ... Physical and chemical characterization of acid tar waste from crude benzol refining · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. CH Chihobo, S Kumar, PK Kuipa, DJ Simbi, 29-42 ...