Sample records for 收入 (income)

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The utility of screening for perinatal depression in the second trimester among Chinese: a three-wave prospective longitudinal study

Lau, Ying; Wong, Keung Fu Daniel; Chan, Sin Kin

This paper aims to study the pattern of perinatal depressive symptomatology and determine the predictive power of second trimester perinatal depressive symptoms for future perinatal periods. A population-based sample of 2,178 women completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in the sec...

DRIVER (Chinese)


Sources of income differences across Chinese provinces during the reform period: a development accounting exercise

Hao, Rui

China's rapid and uneven growth since 1978 has not eliminated but even re- inforced the persistent income inequality across provinces. While existing literature focuses mainly on the provincial variation in growth performance using cross-province growth regressions or growth accounting, few efforts ...

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Smoking, cessation and expenditure in low income Chinese: cross sectional survey

Hesketh, T; Lu, L; Jun, YX; Mei, WH

Background: This study was carried-out to explore smoking behaviour and smoking expenditure among low income workers in Eastern China to inform tobacco control policy.Methods: A self-completion questionnaire was administered to 1958 urban workers, 1909 rural workers and 3248 migrant workers in Zheji...

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Reorganizing rural public finance: reforms and consequences

Tian, John Q.

This article examines recent reforms to restructure rural public finance in China and their impact on local-government finance. The focus is on how fiscal income and financial expenditure are managed by local-level governments, particularly at the county and township levels, and how rural public and...

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Reorganizing Rural Public Finance: Reforms and Consequences

John Q. Tian; Connecticut College

This article examines recent reforms to restructure rural public finance in China and their impact on local-government finance. The focus is on how fiscal income and financial expenditure are managed by local-level governments, particularly at the county and township levels, and how rural public and...

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Professor John Bessant CV

Bessant, John

John Bessant is Professor of Innovation Management at the School of Management, Cranfield University. He graduated from Aston University with a degree in Chemical Engineering in 1975 and later obtained a PhD for work on innovation within the chemical industry. After a spell in industry he took up fu...

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Pollution haven hypothesis and Environmental impacts of foreign direct investment: The Case of Industrial Emission of Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) in Chinese provinces

He, Jie

Recognizing the complex inter-correlation between FDI, emission and the three economic determinants of emission, we constructed a simultaneous model to study the FDI-emission nexus in China by exploring both the dynamic recursive FDI entry decision and the linkage from FDI entry to final emission re...

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Oral health status of low-income, middle-aged to elderly Hong Kong Chinese with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Leung, WK; Siu, SC; Chu, FCS; Wong, KW; Jin, LJ; Sham, ASK; Tsang, PCS; Samaranayake, LP

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Inequality of Opportunity and Income Inequality in Nine Chinese Provinces, 1989-2006

Qiang, Zhang Ying; Eriksson, Tor Viking

While there is a large and growing body of research describing and analyzing changes in the Chinese income distribution, researchers have paid considerable less attention to inequality of opportunity. The aim of this paper is to contribute to filling this gap in the literature. The two main question...

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Income Growth, Price Variation and Health Care Demand: A Mixed Logit Model Applied to Tow-period Comparison in Rural China

Audibert, Martine; He, Yong; Mathonnat, Jacky

1989-2006 is a period of the start and the end of deregulation of Chinese health care sector and of disintegration of rural cooperative insurance system. During this period, the government health policy has turned healthcare providers all alike into profit seeking entities. Face to perverse effects,...

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Impact of growing income inequality on sustainable development in China: a provincial-level analysis

Heerink, N.B.M.; Ma, J.

A growing body of literature has documented the rapidly increasing income disparities that accompanied China's economic growth in the 1980s and 1990s, and the driving factors behind this. Growing income inequality in its turn may have important implications for the accumulation of physical capital, ...

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Healthcare access for migrants in China : A new frontier

Milcent, Carine

How can healthcare access for Chinese migrants be improved? Migrant workers face two types of healthcare-access exclusion in the workplace: a financial one (via income) and a legislative one (from the "hukou"). We use 2006 data from a survey of rural migrant workers conducted in five of the most eco...

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Growing out of poverty: trends and patterns of urban poverty in China 1988 - 2002

Appleton, Simon; Song, Lina; Xia, Qingjie

This paper estimates trends in absolute poverty in urban China from 1988 to 2002 using the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) surveys. Poverty incidence curves are plotted, showing that poverty has fallen markedly during the period regardless of the exact location of the poverty line. Income in...

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Financial Reforms, Growth and Regional Disparity in Post-reform China

Liang, Zhicheng

In this paper, by employing the Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) techniques and Chinese provincial level data from 1991 to 2003, we empirically investigate the relationship between finance and growth in post-reform China. We find that financial development significantly promotes economic growth in...

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English-speaking foreign domestic helpers and students' English reading attainment in Hong Kong

Tse, SK; Lam, RYH; Loh, EKY; Ip, KM; Lam, JWI; Chan, YM

The English reading comprehension ability of 4,352 Grade 4 Hong Kong students was tested. The students' parents completed questionnaires about home factors, including monthly income, language habitually spoken at home, whether the mother was employed, and whether an English-speaking domestic helper ...

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Development in a Chinese perspective:an analysis of the implementation of the development of the west in a minority area

Aarvik, Tone Helene

Abstract The Chinese economy has been one of the world’s most rapid growing in recent years. Within the Chinese population though, there has been a rising income disparity. China is now faced with the same problem as many other developing countries; the difficult balance between economic growth and ...

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Chinese firms entering China's low-income market: Gaining competitive advantage by partnering governments

Kostka, Genia; Zhou, Jianghua

This paper investigates poverty alleviation efforts in China and the nature of governmententerprise partnerships there. We argue that firms partnering central and local governments can be an effective strategy to overcome resource-based obstacles in low-income markets. In China, local and central go...

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Li, Bingqin; Duda, Mark

In Chinese cities, employer-provided housing has played an important part in accommodating low-income, rural-to-urban migrants. Employer housing is often used to study other problems such as management style or worker psychology. In this paper we intend to examine employer-provided housing for its o...

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Lee, Hin-yui, June; 李顯蕊

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