Sample records for 函数 (functions)
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38

Triptolide alters histone H3K9 and H3K27 methylation state and induces G0/G1 arrest and caspase-dependent apoptosis in multiple myeloma in vitro

Zhao, F; Chen, Y; Li, R; Liu, Y; Wen, L; Zhang, C

Triptolide is the principal active ingredient in extracts from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.F (TwHF), and has various functions such as immunosuppression, anti-inflammatory and antitumor properties. In diverse hematological tumors triptolide exerts antitumor activity and many studies...

DRIVER (Chinese)

39

Toward non-conservative stability conditions for equilibrium points of genetic networks with SUM regulatory functions

Chesi, G

An important problem in systems biology consists of establishing whether an equilibrium point of a genetic regulatory network is stable. This paper investigates this problem for genetic networks with SUMregulatory functions. It is shown that a sufficient condition for global asymptotical stability o...

DRIVER (Chinese)

40

Timing and coordination in tone and intonation-An articulatory-functional perspective

Xu, Y

Timing is of Critical importance for speech in general and for tone and intonation in particular. Yet our understanding of timing is still limited. In this paper I explore timing-related issues from an articulatory-functional perspective, which Views speech as communicative functions encoded through...

DRIVER (Chinese)

41

The limitations of NGOs: a preliminary study of non-governmental social welfare organisations in China

Lu, Yiyi

Based on case studies of NGOs in three cities, this paper discusses some of the common constraints on the ability of Chinese social welfare NGOs to perform both service delivery and advocacy functions at the present time. It shows that the effectiveness of NGOs is above all conditioned by their inst...

DRIVER (Chinese)

43

The PlA2 polymorphism of integrin β3 enhances outside-in signaling and adhesive functions

Bray, Paul F.; Vijayan, K. Vinod; Roos, Christine; Goldschmidt-Clermont, Pascal J.

Genetic factors are believed to influence the development of arterial thromboses. Because integrin αIIbβ3 plays a crucial role in thrombus formation, we analyzed receptor adhesive properties using Chinese hamster ovary and human kidney embryonal 293 cells overexpressing the PlA1 or PlA2 polymorphic ...

DRIVER (Chinese)

46

The Functions of Hong Kong's Chinese history, from colonialism to decolonization

Kan, FLF

This paper examines the nature and socio-political functions of Hong Kong’s ‘Chinese history curriculum’ during colonialism and since decolonization and argues that these functions have resulted in a curriculum characterized by rote-learning and geared towards social control. Students are initiated ...

DRIVER (Chinese)

50

Simian virus 40 functions required for the establishment and maintenance of malignant transformation.

Martin, R G; Chou, J Y

Members of the five classes of temperature-sensitive simian virus 40 mutants were tested for their ability to transform Chinese hamster lung cells. Two criteria for transformation were used: the ability to form clones in medium with low serum concentrations and the ability to overgrow a monolayer. O...

DRIVER (Chinese)

59

Reforms and Productivity Dynamics in Chinese State-Owned Enterprises

McGoldrick, Peter; Walsh, Patrick Paul

Institutional change has taken place gradually since 1978 for State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) in the Industrial Sector of China. In this paper we estimate the effect of deep reform (the right to hire and fire labour, buy and sell capital and operate on international markets) on the productivity dynam...

DRIVER (Chinese)

60

Recognition of handwritten Chinese characters by combining regularization, Fisher’s discriminant and distorted sample generation

Leung, KC; Leung, CH

The problem of offline handwritten Chinese character recognition has been extensively studied by many researchers and very high recognition rates have been reported. In this paper, we propose to further boost the recognition rate by incorporating a distortion model that artificially generates a huge...

DRIVER (Chinese)

61

Quality control of Chinese herbal tonic wine by high performance liquid chromatography fingerprint

Wei, X.J.; Zhang, H.; Wang, W.F.; Li, B.; Yang Zhu

Herbal tonic wines are alcoholic drinks in which medicinal herbs are soaked and extracted. These drinks are considered having various health functions. However, the quality of herbal products is largely influenced by the origin and harvest season of the herbs. Due to its high commercial value, count...

DRIVER (Chinese)

64

Precision measurement of the e+e− → π + π−(γ ) cross-section with ISR method

Wang, L.-L.

Vacuum polarization integral involves the vector spectral functions which can be experimentally determined. As the dominant uncertainty source to the integral, the precision measurement of the %born cross section of $e^+e^-\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-(\gamma)$ as a function of energy from $2\pi$ threshold ...

DRIVER (Chinese)

65

Pharmacogenomics and the Yin/Yang actions of ginseng: anti-tumor, angiomodulating and steroid-like activities of ginsenosides

Leung, Kar Wah; Yue, Patrick Ying Kit; Cheng, Yuen Kit; Mak, Nai Ki; Ng, Tzi Bun; Wong, Ricky Ngok Shun; Fan, David Tai Ping

In Chinese medicine, ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) has long been used as a general tonic or an adaptogen to promote longevity and enhance bodily functions. It has also been claimed to be effective in combating stress, fatigue, oxidants, cancer and diabetes mellitus. Most of the pharmacological ...

DRIVER (Chinese)

66

Pattern of methylation of two genes coding for housekeeping functions.

Cedar, H; Stein, R; Razin, A; Sciaky-Gallili, N

The distribution of sites that can be methylated was analyzed in the Chinese hamster adenine phosphoribosyl-transferase (aprt) gene and the patterns of methylation of this gene and the mouse dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) gene were studied by using CpG restriction enzymes. Both genes were found to b...

DRIVER (Chinese)

67

PREFIX T- IN OLD CHINESE

Sagart, Laurent

Reconstruction of an Old Chinese t- prefix based on lexical alternations in Middle Chinese lexica. The prefix occurred in intansitive verbs (statives, color terms, verbs of bodily functions etc.) and in mass nouns and kin terms.

DRIVER (Chinese)

68

Modeling tone and intonation in Mandarin and English as a process of target approximation

Prom-on, S; Xu, Y; Thipakorn, B

This paper reports the development of a quantitative target approximation (qTA) model for generating F-0 contours of speech. The qTA model simulates the production of tone and intonation as a process of syllable-synchronized sequential target approximation [Xu, Y. (2005). "Speech melody as articulat...

DRIVER (Chinese)

69

Lung functions in normal Chinese children and adolescents

Ip, MSM; Karlberg, E; Karlberg, JPE; Luk, KDK; Leong, JCY

DRIVER (Chinese)

74

Influence of traditional Chinese anti-inflammatory medicinal plants on leukocyte and platelet functions

Prieto, J.M.; Recio, M.C.; Giner, R.M.; Manez, S.; Giner-Larza, E.M.; Rios, J.L.

DRIVER (Chinese)

79

Growth as a solid tumor or reduced glucose concentrations in culture reversibly induce CD44-mediated hyaluronan recognition by Chinese hamster ovary cells.

Kincade, P W; Zheng, Z; Pummill, P E; Cummings, R D

The density, molecular isoform, and posttranslational modifications of CD44 can markedly influence growth and metastatic behavior of tumors. Many CD44 functions, including some involving tumors, have been attributed to its ability to recognize hyaluronan (HA). However, only certain CD44-bearing cell...

DRIVER (Chinese)

80

Gibbon Ape Leukemia Virus Receptor Functions of Type III Phosphate Transporters from CHOK1 Cells Are Disrupted by Two Distinct Mechanisms

Schmitz, Christian; Chaudry, G. Jilani; Ting, Yuan-Tsang; Farrell, Karen B.; S. Lie, Yolanda; Petropoulos, Christos J.

The Chinese hamster cell lines E36 and CHOK1 dramatically differ in susceptibility to amphotropic murine leukemia virus (A-MuLV) and gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV); E36 cells are highly susceptible to both viruses, CHOK1 cells are not. We have previously shown that GALV can infect E36 cells by usi...

DRIVER (Chinese)

81

Genomic growth hormone gene polymorphisms in native Chinese chickens

Ip, SCY; Zhang, X; Leung, FCC

Chicken growth hormone (cGH), a polypeptide hormone synthesized in and secreted by the pituitary gland, is involved in a wide variety of physiological functions such as growth, body composition, egg production, aging, and reproduction. Chicken growth hormone polymorphisms have been reported to be as...

DRIVER (Chinese)

84

Galectin binding proteins in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage -in healthy and pathological conditions

Cederfur, Cecilia

Galectins are carbohydrate binding proteins, implicated in conditions of both inflammation and cancer. Connections between chronic inflammation and cancer are proposed by the increased remodelling and proliferation that occurs, leading to enhanced survival and proliferation of malignant cells. Since...

DRIVER (Chinese)

88

Fine mapping of the 9q31 Hirschsprung’s disease locus

Tang, S. C.; Sribudiani, Y.; Miao, P. X.; Vries, R. A.; Burzynski, G.; So, T. M.; Leon, Y. Y.; Yip, H. B.; Osinga, J.

Hirschsprung’s disease (HSCR) is a congenital disorder characterised by the absence of ganglia along variable lengths of the intestine. The RET gene is the major HSCR gene. Reduced penetrance of RET mutations and phenotypic variability suggest the involvement of additional modifying genes in the dis...

DRIVER (Chinese)

90

Expression of type I and type II bovine scavenger receptors in Chinese hamster ovary cells: lipid droplet accumulation and nonreciprocal cross competition by acetylated and oxidized low density lipoprotein.

Penman, M; Freeman, M; Rohrer, L; Ekkel, Y; Freedman, N J; Chisolm, G M; Krieger, M

Type I and type II scavenger receptors, which have been implicated in the development of atherosclerosis and other macrophage-associated functions, differ only by the presence in the type I receptor of an extracellular cysteine-rich C-terminal domain. Stable Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell transfec...

DRIVER (Chinese)

91

Evaluation of Genetically Engineered Derivatives of a Chinese Strain of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Reveals a Novel Cell-Binding Site Which Functions in Cell Culture and in Animals

Zhao, Qizu; Mason, Peter W.; Pacheco, Juan M.

Adaptation of field isolates of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) to grow in cells in culture can result in changes in viral properties that include acquisition of the ability to bind to cell surface heparan sulfate (HS). After 13 passages on BHK cells to produce a vaccine, a Cathay topotype isola...

DRIVER (Chinese)

92

Estimating productivity dynamics during institutional change : an application to Chinese state owned enterprises 1980-1994

McGoldrick, Peter; Walsh, Patrick P.

We estimate the productivity dynamics of 680 industrial Chinese State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) between 1980 and 1994. During this time managerial autonomy over factor markets was introduced. The timing of autonomy varied across SOEs and take-up was an endogenous process: high-productivity SOEs where...

DRIVER (Chinese)

94

Enhanced bridging function and augmented monocyte adhesion by lipoprotein lipase N9: insights into increased risk of coronary artery disease in N9 carriers

Fisher, RM; Benhizia, F; Schreiber, R; Makoveichuk, E; Putt, W; Al-Haideri, M; Deckelbaum, RJ; Olivecrona, G; Humphries, SE

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is central to triacylglycerol (TG) metabolism, having both hydrolytic and bridging functions. The common LPL gene variant D9N is associated with raised TG, reduced HDL-cholesterol concentrations and increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). To investigate the function...

DRIVER (Chinese)

96

Early and late functions associated with the Golgi apparatus reside in distinct compartments.

Rothman, J E; Dunphy, W G; Urbani, L J; Fries, E

Enzymes that catalyze the two successive stages of Golgi-associated processing of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides distributed differently when membranes from Chinese hamster ovary cells were centrifuged in a sucrose density gradient. A mannosidase that removes only outer, alpha-1,2-linked mannose...

DRIVER (Chinese)

99

Discourse functions of antonymy: a cross-linguistic investigation of Swedish and English

Murphy, M. Lynne; Paradis, Carita; Willners, Caroline; Jones, Steven

DRIVER (Chinese)

100

Deyu as moral education in modern China: Ideological functions and transformations

Li, P; Zhong, M; Lin, B; Zhang, H

During its evolution Chinese moral education has developed pronounced ideological aspects. This stems from traditions of first equating politics with morality, phrasing them both in the same language, and then of encouraging correct moral and political relations and behaviours through education. Thi...

DRIVER (Chinese)

102

Correlation between synthesis of heat shock proteins and development of thermotolerance in Chinese hamster fibroblasts.

Li, G C; Werb, Z

Synthesis of a family of proteins called "heat shock" proteins is induced or enhanced in cells in response to various environmental stresses, suggesting that these proteins may perform functions essential to cell survival. Because a brief, nonlethal heat treatment can dramatically induce a transient...

DRIVER (Chinese)

109

Bone turnover markers and prediction of bone loss in elderly women

Lenora, Janaka

Around 70,000 osteoporosis-related fractures occur in Sweden annually and approximately half of the women in western world will sustain a fragility fracture after the age of 50 years. Fracture preventive efforts require the identification of individuals who are at high risk. Biochemical markers of b...

DRIVER (Chinese)

116

Anomalous I V curve for mono-atomic carbon chains

SANVITO, STEFANO

The electronic transport properties of mono-atomic carbon chains were studied theoretically using a combination of density functional theory and the non-equilibrium Green's functions method. The I–V curves for the chains composed of an even number of atoms and attached to gold electrodes through sul...

DRIVER (Chinese)

120

A p53-independent damage-sensing mechanism that functions as a checkpoint at the G1/S transition in Chinese hamster ovary cells

Lee, Hoyun; Hamlin, Joyce L.; Larner, James M.

In response to a moderate dose of radiation, asynchronous mammalian cell populations rapidly and transiently down-regulate the rate of DNA synthesis to ≈50% of preirradiation values. We show here that only half of the reduction in overall replication rate can be accounted for by direct inhibition of...

DRIVER (Chinese)

121

A cloned human ribosomal protein gene functions in rodent cells.

Rhoads, D D; Roufa, D J

Cloned fragments of human ribosomal protein S14 DNA (RPS14) were transfected into cultured Chinese hamster (CHO) cells. Transient expression assays indicated that DNA with as little as 31 base pairs of upstream flanking sequence was transcribed into a polyadenylated, 650-base mRNA that is largely bo...

DRIVER (Chinese)

125

A Drosophila ribosomal protein functions in mammalian cells.

Roufa, D J; Maki, C G; Diaz, J J; Rhoads, D D

A cDNA expression vector encoding Drosophila ribosomal protein S14 was transfected into cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells that harbor a recessive RPS14 emetine resistance mutation. Transformants synthesized the insect mRNA and polypeptide and consequently displayed an emetine-sensitive phen...

DRIVER (Chinese)

126

Yeung, Ho-yi, Olivia; 楊浩怡

DRIVER (Chinese)

127

Yau, Shun-chiu; 游順釗

DRIVER (Chinese)

128

Shel, Siu-lun; 佘少倫

DRIVER (Chinese)