Sample records for thymol
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Sample records 1 - 10 shown.



1

Efeitos do timol sobre os parâmetros urinários envolvidos na formação de cálculos/ Effects of thymol on urinary parameters related to lithogenesis

Ferraz, Renato Ribeiro Nogueira; Moreira, Silvia Regina da Silva; Heilberg, Ita Pfeferman
2009-08-01

Resumo em português INTRODUÇÃO: Em estudo anterior, demonstramos que a acidificação ou alcalinização de amostras de urina no momento de entrega do material ao laboratório em comparação a amostras coletadas com conservantes não alterou os resultados urinários de parâmetros relacionados à investigação metabólica de litíase renal como o oxalato (OxU), cálcio (CaU), magnésio (MgU), ácido úrico (AcUrU) e creatinina (CreatU), com exceção do citrato (CitU), cujo valor foi dis (mais) cretamente menor. OBJETIVO: Avaliar se a adição de timol, por meio de sua ação antibacteriana, é capaz de prevenir a redução do CitU em amostras acidificadas 24 horas após a coleta, em relação às pré-acidificadas, sem interferir na determinação dos outros parâmetros urinários. MÉTODOS: 40 voluntários sadios coletaram uma amostra isolada de urina que foi dividida em quatro alíquotas de 10 ml contendo timol (1 g/l). Na primeira, o conservante ácido (HCl 6 N, 20 ml/l) foi adicionado imediatamente após a coleta e na segunda, somente após 24 horas. Além do CitU, nessas amostras também foram determinados OxU, CaU e MgU. Na terceira e quarta alíquotas, um conservante alcalino (NaHCO3, 5g/l) foi adicionado imediatamente ou 24 horas após a coleta para determinação do AcUrU. RESULTADOS: Na presença de timol, não se observou variação significante do CitU entre as urinas pré ou pós-acidificadas (577 ± 490 mg/l vs. 575 ± 501 mg/l). Os valores dos demais parâmetros também não sofreram alteração. CONCLUSÃO: A adição prévia de timol às amostras de urina permite que todos os parâmetros urinários litogênicos possam ser determinados numa mesma amostra, reduzindo o custo e o desconforto de múltiplas coletas de urina de 24 horas. Resumo em inglês INTRODUCTION: In a previous study, we demonstrated that acidification or alkalinization of urine samples upon delivery of the material to the laboratory in comparison with samples with preservatives did not alter the results of urinary parameters related to the metabolic investigation into renal lithiasis such as oxalate (OxU), calcium (CaU), magnesium (MgU), uric acid (AcUrU) and creatinine (CreatU), with the exception of citrate (CitU), whose value was slightly lower. O (mais) BJECTIVE: To evaluate if the addition of thymol, through its antibacterial effect, is able to prevent the reduction of CitU observed in samples acidified 24 hs after collection in comparison with pre-acidified ones without interfering in the determination of other urinary parameters. METHODS: Forty (40) healthy volunteers collected a single spot urine sample, which was divided into four aliquots of 10 ml containing thymol (1 g/l). In the first sample, the acid preservative (HCl6N, 20 ml/l) was added immediately after collection and in the second, only after 24hs. OxU, CaU, CitU and MgU were determined. In the third and fourth aliquots, an alkali preservative (NaHCO3,5 g/l) was added immediately or 24 hs after collection for AcUrU determination. RESULTS: In the presence of thymol, there was no significant variation in CitU values between pre-or post-acidified samples (577±490 mg/l vs. 575±501 mg/l). The values of other parameters also remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: The prior addition of thymol to urine samples allows the determination of all lithogenic urinary parameters in the same sample, reducing the cost and inconvenience of multiple 24-hour urine collections.

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2

Avaliação da atividade repelente do timol, mentol, salicilato de metila e ácido salicilico sobre larvas de Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae)/ Evaluation of repellent activity of thymol, menthol, methyl salicylate and salicylic acid on Boophilus microplus larvae (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae)

Novelino, A.M.S.; Daemon, E.; Soares, G.L.G.
2007-06-01

Resumo em português Verificou-se a atividade repelente do timol, mentol, ácido salicílico e salicilato de metila sobre larvas de Boophilus microplus. Essas substâncias foram usadas em emulsões em dimetilsulfuxido aquoso a 1% ou solução aquosa. Para cada substância foram testadas três concentrações, 1,0%; 0,5% e 0,25%, com cinco repetições cada. Cerca de 100 larvas, com 21 dias de idade, foram inseridas na base de hastes de madeira para avaliação da repelência, a cada duas hora (mais) s, totalizando 12 horas. As concentrações mais elevadas apontaram que as quatro substâncias causaram alteração no comportamento das larvas. Timol, com mortalidade de 65% e 35% de repelência e mentol e salicilato de metila, ambos com 80% de repelência foram os mais eficientes. Resumo em inglês The repellent activity of thymol, menthol, salicylic acid and methyl salicylate on Boophilus microplus larvae was studied. These substances were tested according to their solubility: emulsions in 1% aqueous dimethylsulphoxide or in pure water. Three concentrations were tested for each substance, 1.0%, 0.5% and 0.25%, with five repetitions for each. Approximately 100 larvae at 21 days of age were placed on the base of wooden sticks and then observed for repellent action ev (mais) ery two hours, during twelve hours. The results obtained from the higher concentrations showed that the four substances caused alterations on the larvae behavior. However, thymol (65% of mortality and 35% of repellency), menthol (80% of repellency) and methyl salicylate (80% of repellency) were the most efficient.

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3

Avaliação da atividade antimicrobiana de adesivo ortodôntico associado a verniz de clorexidina e timol na colagem de braquetes/ Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of orthodontic adhesive associated with chlorhexidine-thymol varnish in bracket bonding

Calabrich, Carolina Freire de Carvalho; Barbosa, Marcelo de Castellucci e; Simionato, Maria Regina Lorenzetti; Ferreira, Rogério Frederico Alves
2010-08-01

Resumo em português OBJETIVO: avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana da associação de um adesivo ortodôntico com um verniz de clorexidina e timol. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados 32 pré-molares humanos divididos em 4 grupos. O grupo 1 consistiu do grupo controle, no qual o adesivo utilizado para a colagem do braquete não estava associado a nenhum agente antimicrobiano. Os grupos 2, 3 e 4 foram colados com um sistema adesivo associado a um verniz de clorexidina e timol. Os grupos 3 e 4 foram arma (mais) zenados em água por 7 dias e 30 dias, respectivamente, enquanto os corpos de prova do grupo 2 foram, logo depois da colagem, colocados em ágar semeado com Streptococcus mutans por 48h a 37ºC. RESULTADOS: os grupos experimentais, com exceção do grupo controle, apresentaram atividade antimicrobiana com tendência de redução do seu potencial de ação com maior tempo de imersão em água. CONCLUSÃO: a associação do verniz de clorexidina a um sistema adesivo utilizado em Ortodontia apresenta-se vantajosa pela sua atividade antimicrobiana. Resumo em inglês OBJECTIVE: To assess the antimicrobial activity resulting from the association of an orthodontic adhesive with chlorhexidine-thymol varnish. METHODS: Thirty-two extracted human premolars were used, divided into four groups. In Group 1, the control group, the adhesive used to bond the bracket was not associated with any antimicrobial agent. Groups 2, 3 and 4 were bonded with an adhesive system associated with chlorhexidine-thymol varnish. Groups 3 and 4 were stored in wate (mais) r for 7 days and 30 days, respectively, while the specimens from group 2 were, soon after bonding, placed on agar seeded with Streptococcus mutans for 48 hours, at 37º C. RESULTS: The experimental groups, with the exception of the control group, showed antimicrobial activity whose action tended to decline commensurately with the amount of time that they remained immersed in water. CONCLUSIONS: The association of chlorhexidine-thymol varnish with an adhesive system used in orthodontics proved to be advantageous due to its antimicrobial activity.

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4

Atividade antimicrobiana de óleos essenciais de condimentos frente a Staphylococcus spp isolados de mastite caprina/ Antimicrobial activities of essential oils extracted from spices against Staphylococcus spp isolated from goat mastitis

Dal Pozzo, Marcelo; Viégas, Julio; Santurio, Deise Flores; Rossatto, Luana; Soares, Isaura Helena; Alves, Sydney Hartz; Costa, Mateus Matiuzzi da
2011-01-01

Resumo em português Avaliou-se a atividade antimicrobiana dos óleos essenciais (OEs) de Origanum vulgare (orégano), Thymus vulgaris (tomilho), Lippia graveolens (lípia), Zingiber officinale (gengibre), Salvia officinalis (sálvia), Rosmarinus officinalis (alecrim) e Ocimum basilicum (manjericão), bem como de frações majoritárias carvacrol, timol, cinamaldeído e cineol frente a 33 isolados de Staphylococcus spp oriundos de rebanhos leiteiros caprinos. A concentração inibitória mín (mais) ima (CIM) e a concentração bactericida mínima (CBM) foram determinadas por meio da técnica de microdiluição em caldo. Observou-se atividade antimicrobiana para os OEs de orégano, lípia e tomilho, bem como para as frações majoritárias de carvacrol, timol e cinamaldeído. A ordem decrescente de atividade foi orégano = tomilho > lípia. As frações majoritárias carvacrol, timol e cinamaldeído evidenciaram melhor atividade do que os óleos essenciais e, dentre elas, carvacrol e cinamaldeído foram mais ativas que o timol. Resumo em inglês The antimicrobial activity of some essencial oils was evaluated as follows: Origanum vulgare (oregano), Thymus vulgaris (thyme), Lippia graveolens (Mexican oregano), Zingiber officinale (ginger), Salvia officinalis (sage), Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) and Ocimum basilicum (basil), as well as the majority constituents carvacrol, thymol, cinnamaldehyde and cineole against 33 Staphylococcus spp isolates from herds of dairy goats. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MI (mais) C) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined for each isolate by using broth microdilution method. Antimicrobial activity observed on the essencial oils of oregano, mexican oregano, thymus, well as to majoritary constituents of carvacrol, thymol and cinnamaldehyde. The descending order of antimicrobial activity were oregano = thyme > mexican oregano. The majority constituents carvacrol, thymol, cinnamaldehyde presented themselves more active than the verified by the essencial oils. The majority constituents, carvacrol and cinnomaldehyde were equally more active than thymol.

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5

Constituintes químicos voláteis e não-voláteis de Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae/ Volatile and non-volatile chemical constituents of Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae

Barreto, Milena B.; Freitas, João Vito B. de; Silveira, Edilberto R.; Bezerra, Antônio Marcos E.; Nunes, Edson P.; Gramosa, Nilce V.
2009-12-01

Resumo em português O estudo fitoquímico do extrato etanólico das folhas de Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, resultou no isolamento dos derivados benzilnitrilas niazirina, niazirinina e 4-hidroxifenil-acetonitrila, enquanto que das cascas dos frutos somente o octacosano foi obtido. Os óleos essenciais das folhas, flores e frutos foram analisados por cromatografia gasosa acoplada a espectrometria de massa. Os constituintes principais identificados foram: fitol (21,6%) e timol (9,6%) nas (mais) folhas, octadecano (27,4%) e ácido hexadecanóico (18,4%) nas flores e docosano (32,7%) e tetracosano (24,0%) nos frutos. As estruturas dos compostos isolados foram identificadas a partir de técnicas espectroscópicas (RMN, IV e EM). A 4-hidroxifenil-acetonitrila está sendo citada pela primeira vez para o gênero Moringa e os óleos essenciais das flores e frutos estão sendo citados pela primeira vez para a espécie M. oleifera. Resumo em inglês Phytochemical analysis of the ethanol extract from leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, yield the benzylnitriles: niazirine, niazirinine and 4-hydroxyphenylacetonitrile, while of fruit shells only octacosane was isolated. The essential oils from leaves, flowers and fruits were examined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The major constituents identified were: phytol (21.6%) and thymol (9.6%) in the leaves oil, octadecane (27.4%) and hexadecanoic acid (18.4% (mais) ) in the flowers oil, docosane (32.7%) and tetracosane (24.0%) in the fruits oil. The structures of all compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses (NMR, IR and MS). 4-hydroxyphenylacetonitrile is reported for the first time to the Moringa genus and the essential oils of flowers and fruits are reported for the first time to the species M. oleifera.

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6

Estabelecimento de alecrim-pimenta in vitro/ In vitro establishment of Lippia sidoides Cham

Costa, Andréa S da; Arrigoni-Blank, Maria de Fátima; Blank, Arie F; Mendonça, Aline B de; Amancio, Verônica F; Ledo, Ana da S
2007-03-01

Resumo em português O alecrim-pimenta (Lippia sidoides Cham.) é um arbusto nativo da região do semi-árido do nordeste brasileiro, cujo óleo essencial possui elevado valor comercial devido aos seus constituintes majoritários, o timol e o carvacrol, de potente propriedade antimicrobiana e anti-séptica. Avaliou-se os efeitos de concentrações e tempos de imersão em hipoclorito de sódio, de meios de cultivo e da utilização de antibiótico e antioxidantes no estabelecimento in vitro de (mais) alecrim-pimenta. Os experimentos foram conduzidos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado. Foram avaliadas as concentrações 0,2; 0,4; 0,6 e 0,8% de hipoclorito de sódio e 8; 12; 16 e 20 minutos de imersão, em esquema fatorial 4 x 4; as concentrações 0; 50; 100; 150 e 200 mg L-1 do antibiótico cefatoxima sódica; os meios-de-cultura MS, B5 e WPM; e o efeito de antioxidantes (PVP: 0,5 e 2 g L-1; e carvão ativado: 3 e 12 g L-1). A concentração de 0,8% de hipoclorito de sódio proporcionou um número significativamente maior (p Resumo em inglês Lippia sidoides Cham. is a native shrub from the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil. Its essential oil has high commercial value, due to the major compounds thymol and carvacrol, which have strong antimicrobial and antiseptic properties. The effect of concentrations and immersion time in sodium hypochlorite, culture media, the use of antibiotic and antioxidants on in vitro establishment of L. sidoides were evaluated. The assays were conducted in a completely randomized (mais) design. We evaluated the concentrations 0.2; 0.4; 0.6 and 0.8% of sodium hypochlorite and 8; 12; 16 and 20 minutes of immersion, in a 4 x 4 factorial scheme; the concentrations 0; 50; 100; 150 and 200 mg L-1 of cefotaxime sodium; the medium cultures MS, B5 and WPM; and the effect of antioxidants (PVP: 0.5 and 2 g L-1; and activated charcoal: 3 and 12 g L-1). The concentration of 0.8% of sodium hypochlorite resulted in a significantly higher (p

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7

Influência de variáveis metodológicas na resistência de união ao cisalhamento/ The influence of the methodological variables on the shear bond strength

Farret, Marcel Marchiori; Gonçalves, Tatiana Siqueira; Lima, Eduardo Martinelli S. de; Menezes, Luciane Macedo de; Oshima, Hugo Matsuo S.; Kochenborger, Renata; Freitas, Maria Perpétua Mota
2010-02-01

Resumo em português OBJETIVO: avaliar a influência de diferentes variáveis metodológicas sobre a resistência de união ao cisalhamento em estudos in vitro. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados 105 incisivos permanentes bovinos, seccionados ao nível do colo dentário. A porção coronária foi inclusa em tubos de PVC, com resina acrílica autopolimerizável, e com face vestibular voltada para cima. Todos os corpos de prova foram preparados para a colagem com profilaxia e condicionamento ácido na (mais) região central das coroas, onde foram posicionados braquetes Morelli® de incisivos centrais superiores, com resina Concise® Ortodôntico (3M/Unitek). Foram determinados três grupos de acordo com a variável estudada: (Grupo 1) - meio de armazenamento dos dentes, previamente à inclusão e à colagem, com solução de timol 0,1% (a), água destilada (b) e congelamento (c); (Grupo 2) - velocidade da célula de carga da máquina de ensaio de 0,5 (a), 1,0 (b) e 2,0mm/min (c) e (Grupo 3) - diferentes marcas comerciais de ácidos fosfóricos a 37%, 3M/Unitek (a), AcidGel (b) e Attack Tek (c). Os corpos de prova foram submetidos ao ensaio mecânico de resistência ao cisalhamento através da máquina Emic DL2000®. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente por meio do Teste t Student para amostras independentes. RESULTADOS: os resultados demonstraram que no Grupo 1 o subgrupo de congelamento apresentou maiores valores em relação aos outros dois subgrupos, porém sem diferença estatisticamente significativa (p > 0,05). No Grupo 2, a força no momento da ruptura foi menor à medida que era aumentada a velocidade da célula de carga, porém sem diferença significativa entre os subgrupos. No Grupo 3, o ácido da 3M/Unitek apresentou a maior média em MPa, no entanto, também sem diferença significativa entre os subgrupos. CONCLUSÕES: conclui-se, portanto, que as variáveis analisadas neste trabalho não apresentaram influência suficiente para determinação de diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os resultados. Resumo em inglês AIM: Evaluate the influence of several methodological variables on the shear bond strength of in vitro studies. METHODS: 105 bovine incisors were sectioned at the cervical level. The coronary portion was included in PVC rings, fulfilled with auto polymerized acrylic resin, with its labial faces turned to the top. All the samples were prepared for bonding, cleaned and acid etched on the central area of the crowns. In this area, central incisors' Morelli™ brackets wer (mais) e bonded with Concise™ (3M/Unitek). Three testing groups were established, according to the studied variable: Group 1 - storage previous to bonding (a-Thymol 0,1%; b- distilled water; c- freezing); Group 2 - crosshead speed of the universal testing machine (a- 0,5mm/min; b- 1,0mm/min; c- 2,00mm/min) and Group 3 - commercial brand of 37% phosphoric acid (a- 3M/Unitek; b- Acid Gel; c- Attack Tek). The shear bond strength test was performed at the Emic DL2000™ universal testing machine. Data was analyzed through the Student's t test for independent samples. RESULTS: In Group 1, the freezing group showed the higher values of shear bond strength when compared to the others, although no statistical difference was observed (p>0,05). For Group 2, the higher the crosshead speed, the lower the shear bond strength, with no statistical difference. In Group 3, the 3M/Unitek brand showed the highest average of shear bond strength in MPa, but also no statistical difference was shown. CONCLUSIONS: The variable analyzed in this research had not presented enough influence to determine significant differences between the results.

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8

Sôbre u'a modificação do meio de Monteverde

Costa, Gobert Araujo; Vernin, Carlos Solé
1955-05-01

Resumo em inglês It is well known that the culture media used in the presumptive diagnosis of suspiciuous colonies from plates inoculated with stools for isolation of enteric organisms do not always correctly indicate the major groups of enterobacteria. In an effort to obtain a medium affording more exact indications, several media (1-9) have been tested. Modifications of some of these media have also been tested with the result that a satisfactory modification of Monteverde's medium was (mais) finaly selected. This proved to be most satisfactory, affording, as a result of only one inoculation, a complete series of basic indications. The modification involves changes in the formula, in the method of preparation and in the manner of storage. The formulae are: A. Thymol blue indicator: NaOH 0.1/N .............. 34.4 ml; Thymol blue .............. 1.6 g; Water .................... 65.6 ml. B. Andrade's indicator. C. Urea and sugar solution: Urea ..................... 20 g; Lactose ................... 30 g; Sucrose ................... 30 g; Water .................... 100 ml. The mixture (C.) should be warmed slightly in order to dissolve the ingredients rapidly. Sterilise by filtration (Seitz). Keep stock in refrigeratior. The modification of Monteverde's medium is prepared in two parts. Semi-solid part - Peptone (Difco) 2.0 g; NaCl 0.5 g; Agar 0.5 g; Water 100.0 ml. Boil to dissolve the ingredients. Adjust pH with NaOH to 7.3-7.4. Boil again for precipitation. Filter through cotton. Ad indicators "A" 0.3 ml and "B" 1.0 ml. Sterilise in autoclave 115ºC, 15 minutes in amounts not higher than 200 ml. Just before using, add solution "C" asseptically in amounts of 10 ml to 200 ml of the melted semi-solid medium, maintained at 48-50ºC. Solid part - Peptone (Difco) 1.5 g; Trypticase (BBL) 0.5 g; Agar 2.0 g; Water 100,00 ml. Boil to dissolve the ingredients. Adjust pH with NaOH to 7.3-7.4. Boils again. Filter through cotton. Add indicators "A" 0.3 ml and "B" 1.0 ml; ferrous ammonium sulfate 0.02 g; sodiun thiosulfate 0.02 g. Sterilise in autoclave 115ºC, 15 minutes in amounts not higher than 200 ml. Just before using, add solution "C" asseptically in amounts of 10 ml to 200 ml of the melted solid medium, maintained at 48-50ºC. Final medium - The semi-solid part is dispensed first (tubes about 12 x 120 mm) in 2.5 ml amounts and left to harden at room temperature, in vertical position. The solid part is dispensed over the hardened semi-solid one in amounts from 2.0 ml to 2.5 ml and left to harden in slant position, affording a butt of 12 to 15 mm. The tubes of medium should be subjected to a sterility test in the incubator, overnight. Tubes showing spontaneous gas bubbles (air) should then be discarded. The medium should be stored in the incubator (37ºC), for not more than 2 to 4 days. Storage of the tubes in the ice-box produces the absorption of air which is released as bubbles when the tubes are incubated at 37ºC after inoculation. This fact confirmed the observation of ARCHAMBAULT & McCRADY (10) who worked with liquid media and the aplication of their observation was found to be essential to the proper working conditions of this double-layer medium. Inoculation - The inoculation is made by means of a long straight needle, as is usually done on the triple sugar, but the needel should penetrate only to about half of the height of the semi-solid column. Indol detection - After inoculation, a strip of sterelized filter papaer previously moistened with Ehrlich's reagent, is suspended above the surface of the medium, being held between the cotton plug and the tube. Indications given - In addition to providing a mass of organisms on the slant for serological invetigations, the medium gives the following indications: 1. Acid from lactose and/or sucrose (red, of yellowsh with strains which reduce the indicators). 2. Gas from lactose and/or sucrose (bubbles). 3. H[2]S production, observed on the solid part (black). 4. Motility observed on the semi-solid part (tubidity). 5. Urease production, observed on solid and semi-solid parts (blue). 6. Indol production, observed on the strip of filter paper (red or purplish). Indol production is not observed with indol positive strains which rapidly acidify the surface o the slant, and the use of oxalic acid has proved to give less sensitive reaction (11). Reading of results - In most cases overnight incubation is enough; sometimes the reactions appear within only a few hours of incubation, affording a definitive orientation of the diagnosis. With some cultures it is necessary to observe the medium during 48 hours of incubation. A description showing typical differential reaction follows: Salmonella: Color of the medium unchanged, with blackening of the solid part when H[2]S is positive. The slant tends to alkalinity (greenish of bluish). Gas always absent. Indol negative. Motility positive or negative. Shigella: Color of the medium unchanged at the beginning of incubation period, but acquiring a red color when the strain is late lactose/sucrose positive. Slant tending to alkalinity (greenish or purplish). Indol positive or negative. Motility, gas and H[2]S always negative. Proteus: Color of the medium generally changes entirely to blue or sometimes to green (urease positive delayed), with blackening of solid part when H[2]S is positive. Motility positive of negative. Indol positive. Gas positive or negative. The strains which attack rapidly sucrose may give a yellow-greenish color to the medium. Sometimes the intense blue color of the medium renders difficult the reading of the H[2]S production. Escherichiae and Klebsiellae: Color of the medium red or yellow (acid) with great and rapid production of gas. Motility positive or negative. Indol generally impossible to observe. Paracoli: Those lactose of sucrose positive give the same reaction as Esherichia. Those lactose or sucrose negatives give the same reactions as Salmonellae. Sometimes indol positive and H[2]S negative. Pseudomonas: Color of the medium unchanged. The slant tends to alkalinity. It is impossible to observe motility because there is no growth in the bottom. Alkaligenes: Color of the medium unchanged. The slant tends to alkalinity. The medium does not alter the antigenic properties of the strains and with the mass of organisms on the slant we can make the serologic diagnosis. It is admitted that this medium is somewhat more laborious to prepare than others used for similar purposes. Nevertheless it can give informations generally obtained by two or three other media. Its use represents much saving in time, labor and material, and we suggest it for routine laboratory work in which a quick presumptive preliminary grouping of enteric organisms is needed.

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9

Sobre o mechanismo de formação das hyperglobulias de origem toxica

Cruz, W. O.
1936-01-01

Resumo em português Tendo verificado uma acção hyperglobulinogena do tetrachloreto de carbono, thynol e essencia de chenopodio, quando administrados ao homem como vermifugos, procuramos averiguar qual o mechanismo destas hyperglobulias. Para isso tomamos duas substancias tambem hyperglobulinogenas (chloroformio e chloretona) e escolhemos o cão para animal de experiencia. Observamos que, com anesthesias prolongadas pelo chloroformio e pela chloretona, tal como naquellas substancias applica (mais) das ao homem como vermicidas, apparecem intensas hyperglobulias no sangue circulante. constatamos ainda uma rapidez extraordinaria no augmento de hematias (1 a 2 horas após o inicio da anesthesia), e a existencia de um nivel maximo para este augmento, que não é ultrapassado apezar de novas anesthesias prolongadas. Entretanto, em cães esplenectomisados este effeito das anesthesias prolongadas desapparece inteiramente em sua acção sobre o sangue. em todos os casos, tanto em homem como em cães (esplenectomisados ou não), ao par da hyperglobulia, notou-se sempre estados hypotensivos as vezes bastantes accentuados. Estes resultados nos levaram a concluir que no mechanismo das hyperglobulias de origem toxica, o factor principal está em uma contracção esplenica, (provocada provavelmente pela hypotensão observada), contracção está, que resulta em um lançamento na corrente circulatoria do sangue concentrado (lama esplenica) que normalmente se acha em reserva no baço. Resumo em inglês Having verified a hyperglobulinogenous action of carbon tetrachloride, thymol and chenopodium essence when administered to man as vermifuges, we endeavoured to verify which is the mechanism of such hyperglobuliae. For this purpose, we chose two substances (chloroform and chloretorn), also hyperglobulinogenous, and dogs were used as experimental animals. We observed that, after prolonged anesthesiae by chloroform and chloretone, in the circulating blood there appear intens (mais) ive hyperglobuliae, just as occurs in man after the use of the aforesaid substances when employed as vermicides. We verified, moreover, an extraordinarily quickness in the increase of red blood cells (1 to 2 hours after the beginning of the anesthesia), and the existence of a maximum rate for such increase which is not surpassed despite new prolonged anesthesiae. Yet, from their action on blood. In all cases, both of man and dogs (the latter whether splenectomized or not), along with hyperglobulia we always observed hypotensive states which, at times, were rather pronounced. We are led to infer from these results that, in the mechanism of hyperglobuliae through toxic origin, the principal factor lies in a spleen contraction, probably induced by the hypotension observed, a contraction, which brings forth a launching into the circulatory torrent of concentrated blood (splenic slime), normally kept in reserve by the spleen.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

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Atividade in vitro do óleo essencial de Origanum vulgare frente à Sporothrix Schenckii/ In vitro activity of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare against Sporothrix schenckii

Cleff, M.B.; Meinerz, A.R.M.; Schuch, L.F.D.; Rodrigues, M.R.A.; Meireles, M.C.A.; Mello, J.R.B.
2008-04-01

Resumo em inglês In vitro activity of the essential oil Origanum vulgare against Sporothrix schenckii was determined by the MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration). For this, seven samples of S. schenckii were studied, two isolated from two cases of human sporotrichosis and five isolated from cats. Analysis of the essential oil was carried out in a gas chromatograph (GC/FID) for the identification and quantification of thymol and carvacrol (antifungal agents). MIC was obtained based on the (mais) microdilution method according to the adapted document NCCLS-M 27A2 for fitopharmacy. All the isolates presented sensibility to the essential oil. S. schenckii was inhibited in a concentration of 0.25% (250m l/ml). Chromatographic analysis showed that thymol concentration was bigger than carvacrol. The antifungal activity demonstrated by the essential oil of O. vulgare against S. Schenckii stimulates the accomplishment of more studies, including in vivo studies.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)