Sample records for lobsters
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 2 shown.



1

Estádios de desenvolvimento dos órgãos reprodutivos dos machos de Panulirus echinatus Smith (Decapoda: Palinuridae)/ Development stages of the reproductive tract of male of Panulirus echinatus Smith (Decapoda: Palinuridae)

Barreto, Aline do V.; Katsuragawa, Mario
2008-03-01

Resumo em português Esta pesquisa caracteriza os estádios de desenvolvimento dos testículos e canais deferentes da lagosta Panulirus echinatus Smith, 1869 a partir da relação entre seus aspectos macroscópicos, microscópicos e a relação gonadossomática (RGS). Através de amostragem mensal (novembro de 1999 a outubro de 2000) foram capturados 1716 machos, empregando-se redes de espera de fundo. Retirou-se a região dorsal da carapaça para avaliação dos órgãos reprodutivos. Os tes (mais) tículos e canais deferentes foram dissecados, pesados, fixados em solução de Bouin e submetidos aos procedimentos histológicos. A análise microscópica dos órgãos reprodutivos foi avaliada pela presença ou ausência de espermatozóides nos testículos e canais deferentes. Esta, quando associada a macroscopia (mudança de cor, tamanho, diâmetro e desenvolvimento de espermatóforo) e a relação gonadossomática (RGS), possibilitou a caracterização de três estádios de desenvolvimento: imaturo, intermediário e maturo. Ficou evidenciada que a maturidade dos testículos precedeu a maturidade dos canais deferentes. Para avaliar se a RGS é um bom indicador quantitativo dos estádios de maturidade, um teste t (alfa = 0,05) foi usado e constatou diferença significativa nas médias da RGS. A RGS pode ser utilizada como indicadora dos estádios de maturidade para P. echinatus. Resumo em inglês This paper characterizes the developmental stages of the testes and vasa deferentia of the Panulirus echinatus Smith, 1869 through comparisons between microscopic findings, macroscopic aspects, and gonadosomatic index (GSR). The lobsters were sampled monthly (November 1999 to October 2000) using seine nets and a total of 1716 males were obtained at Tamandaré Bay. Each carapace was cut to allow evaluation of the reproductive organs; the testes and vasa deferentia were dis (mais) sected, weighed, fixed in Bouin's solution up to 12 hours and submitted for histological analysis to determine the presence and/or absence of spermatozoa. These measures, along with change in color, size, diameter, development of the spermatophores and the GSR allowed the caracterization of three development stages: immature, intermediate and ripe. In conclusion, the maturity of the testes precedes the maturity of the vasa deferentia. To evaluate if gonadosomatic relation was a good quantitative indicator of the maturity stage, t tests (alpha = 0,05) were used and verified significant difference in the averages of GSR. The statistics corroborated that GSR can be used as indicative of the developmental stages for P. echinatus.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

2

Ablação ocular no camarão Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae): efeitos sobre a reprodução, pigmentação epidérmica e atividade alimentar/ Eyestalk ablation in the prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae): effects on reproduction, epidermic pigmentation and feeding activity

Santos, Marcel José Martins dos; Pinheiro, Marcelo Antônio Amaro
2000-09-01

Resumo em inglês This study analyze the consequences of unilateral and bilateral ablation based on ovigerous percentage, consecutive spawns, and secondary effects of the surgical process in the females of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879). Two experiments were carried out with four and seven months old females in intermolt stage. Each experiment was comprised of control, unilateral and bilateral ablation. Eyestalk ablation was done with a bistoury with a topic hot cauterization fol (mais) lowed by application of antibiotic pomades. The animals were maintained at constant temperature (28 ± 1,05ºC) and photoperiod of 12L: 12D within fibercement boxes with sandy bottom and biological filter. Females were observed once a day during fourteen weeks, registering gonadal condition, ecdysis and presence of spermatophore (mating) and spawning. Unilateral ablation technique is more efficient due to the anticipation of the first spawn, repeatability between spawns, expressive rate of ovigerous females and survival, that favored its applicability. Bilateral eyestalk ablation produced the mortality of ali the females with change in coloration and food activity patterns. These results corroborate other observations on penaeid shrimps. though bilateral ablation on some lobsters was a success. These results showing an interespecific variation and can be used in aquaculture projects.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)