Sample records for ion emission
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 7 shown.



1

Técnica de bombeio e prova para medidas de absorção de estado excitado e de emissão estimulada, em materiais sólidos dopados com íons terras raras/ Pump-probe technique for excited state absorption and stimulated emission measurements in rare earth ion doped solid materials

Camargo, Andrea Simone Stucchi de; Nunes, Luiz Antonio de Oliveira
2008-01-01

Resumo em inglês Rare earth ion doped solid state materials are the most important active media of near-infrared and visible lasers and other photonic devices. In these ions, the occurrence of Excited State Absorptions (ESA), from long lived electronic levels, is commonplace. Since ESA can deeply affect the efficiencies of the rare earth emissions, evaluation of these transitions cross sections is of greatest importance in predicting the potential applications of a given material. In this (mais) paper a detailed description of the pump-probe technique for ESA measurements is presented, with a review of several examples of applications in Nd3+, Tm3+ and Er3+ doped materials.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

2

Caracterização morfológica e luminescente de nanopartículas de aluminato de zinco dopadas com Eu3+/ Luminescence and morphology of zinc aluminate doped with Eu3+ nanoparticles

Barros, B. S.; Melo, P. S.; Gama, L.; Alves-Jr, S.; Fagury-Neto, E.; Kiminami, R. H. G. A.; Costa, A. C. F. M.
2005-03-01

Resumo em português Este trabalho reporta a obtenção de nanopartículas de aluminato de zinco dopado com Eu3+, por meio do método de síntese por reação de combustão. Foram preparadas quatro amostras com diferentes concentrações de dopante, para avaliar o efeito do teor de Eu3+ na luminescência dos pós obtidos. Os resultados de difração de raios X confirmaram a formação da fase espinélio ZnAl2O4 e também traços de fases secundárias identificadas como EuAlO3 e ZnO, em quanti (mais) dade diretamente proporcional ao teor de dopante das amostras. O espectro de emissão foi excitado em 265 nm (lambdamax), o qual apresentou picos característicos do íon Eu3+ localizados em torno de 578, 591 613, 653 e 703 nm. Os resultados obtidos por microscopia eletrônica de varredura apresentam aglomerados em forma de placas irregulares formadas por nanopartículas com pontos dispersos de fase secundaria na superfície. Baseado nos resultados verificou-se a dependência da intensidade de luminescência com o teor e também com a forma de incorporação do íon Eu3+, inserido na rede hospedeira, adsorvido na superfície de nanopartículas ou formando uma segunda fase. Resumo em inglês This paper reports how zinc aluminate nanoparticles doped with Eu3+ ions were obtained by the method of combustion reaction synthesis. Four samples were prepared with different amounts of dopant to evaluate the effect of the concentration of Eu3+ ions on the powders' luminescence. X-ray diffraction results confirmed the formation of the spinel phase, as well as secondary phases identified as EuAlO3 and ZnO, in amounts directly proportional to the content of dopant in the (mais) samples. An excitation wavelength of 265 nm was determined based on the excitation spectrum. This wavelength was used to obtain the emission spectrum, which revealed the presence of peaks characteristic of Eu3+ ions located at around 578, 591 613, 653 and 703 nm. SEM analysis indicated that the powder's morphology consisted of irregular plate-shaped agglomerates composed of nanoparticles with scattered points of secondary phase on their surface. These results indicate how the intensity of luminescence is dependent on the Eu3+ ion content and on how these ions are incorporated, i.e., inserted into the host lattice, adsorbed on the surface, or forming a secondary phase.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

3

Troca iônica no estado sólido de európio3+ em zeólita Y: influência do tempo de reação/ Ionic exchange of europium3+ in Y zeolite in the solid state: influence of reaction time

Nassar, Eduardo J.; Serra, Osvaldo A.; Souza-Aguiar, Eduardo F.
1998-04-01

Resumo em inglês Rare earth elements supported in zeolites are the most important catalysts in the fluid cracking of petroleum. The solid state ion exchange of Eu3+ in Y zeolite was investigated. First of all, the hydrated EuCl3 was well mixed in a ball mill and was then heated at 300ºC for different times. The quantitative determination of Eu3+ showed that the degree of ion exchange depends on the reaction time at constant temperature, being ~95% in 4 h. The X-ray study showed that the (mais) crystallinity of the zeolite is little affected by the exchange procedure. The study of spectroscopic properties of Eu3+, emission spectra and lifetime, give information about the migration and position of the ion in the zeolite cages.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

4

Síntese, caracterização e propriedades espectroscópicas de criptatos de lantanídeo do tipo [LnÌ(bipy)2py(CO2Et) 2(3+)]/ Synthesis, characterization and spectroscopic properties of [LnÌ(bipy)2py(CO2Et) 2]3+ lanthanide cryptates

Nova, Suzana P. Vila; Pereira, Giovannia A. de L.; Sá, Gilberto F. de; Alves Júnior, Severino; Bazin, Hervé; Autiero, Hervé; Mathis, Gérard
2004-10-01

Resumo em inglês This work reports on the synthesis, characterization (infrared and hidrogen nmr spectra) and photophysical properties (luminescence spectra and emission quantum yield) of the lanthanide cryptates [LnÌ(bipy)2py(CO2Et) 2]3+ with Ln = Eu3+, Tb3+ or Gd3+, which can be applied as efficient Light-Conversion-Molecular-Devices. From emission spectra of [EuÌ(bipy)2py(CO2Et) 2]3+ it was possible to assign C3 symmetry to the metal (mais) ion. The spectroscopic studies show a higher emission quantum yield (q=25%) for [TbÌ(bipy)2py(CO2Et) 2]3+ in aqueous solution, whereas the europium cryptate presents q=14%. This is justified by a more efficient energy transfer between triplet and emission levels of terbium (T->5D4).

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

5

Fenilsilicato dopado com Eu III obtido pelo método sol-gel/ Phenylsilicate doped with Eu III obtained by sol-gel methodology

Nassar, Eduardo J.; Ávila, Lilian R.; Pereira, Paula F. S.; Nassor, Evelisy C. O.; Cestari, Alexandre; Ciuffi, Katia J.; Calefi, Paulo Sergio
2007-01-01

Resumo em inglês In this work, we report the synthesis and the photoluminescence features of a Eu(III)-doped modified silica matrix obtained by the sol-gel method. The matrix was prepared by reaction between tetraethylorthosilicate and phenyltriethoxysilane alkoxide. The hydrolysis occurred using basic catalysis. The solids were treated at 100, 200 and 300 ºC during 4 h and the structure was determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR 29Si and 13C), (mais) infrared spectroscopy (IR) and photoluminescence (PL). The PL spectra display the Eu(III) lines characteristic of the ion, 5D0 -> 7F J (J=0, 1, 2, 3, 4), the blue emission as ascribed in the silica matrix. The NMR and TG showed the stability of hybrid silica.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

6

Classificação de água de coco processada e natural por meio de HCA, PCA e teores de íons metálicos determinados por ICP OES/ Classification of processed and natural coconut water using hca, pca and metallic ion levels obtained by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES)

Sousa, Rafael Arromba de; Borges Neto, Waldomiro; Poppi, Ronei Jesus; Baccan, Nivaldo; Cadore, Solange
2006-07-01

Resumo em inglês Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry was used to determine Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Zn and Cu in samples of processed and natural coconut water. The sample preparation consisted in a filtration step followed by a dilution. The analysis was made employing optimized instrumental parameters and the results were evaluated using methods of Pattern Recognition. The data showed common concentration values for the analytes present in processed and natural samples. Prin (mais) cipal Component Analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) indicated that the samples of different kinds were statistically different when the concentrations of all the analytes were considered simultaneously.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

7

Análise química inorgânica de leite esimulação do reagente CFA-C/ Analysis of inorganic constituents in milk and simulation of CFA-C reagent

Santos, Daniele Minholo; Nogueira, Ana Rita Araujo; Neves, Eduardo Fausto Almeida; Cavalheiro, Éder Tadeu Gomes; Nóbrega, Joaquim Araújo
2002-01-01

Resumo em português Na análise de leite por espectrometria de emissão ótica com plasma induzido (ICP-OES) o produto comercial CFA-C, constituído por aminas terciárias, vêm sendo usado com sucesso como diluente em fase única. Devido ao custo do produto e possibilidades de contaminação durante o armazenamento, decidiu-se desenvolver um outro reagente de propriedades equivalentes ao referido produto. Testes qualitativos mostraram que o produto não contém ácido bórico nem EDTA. Em u (mais) ma titulação potenciométrica de uma solução aquosa 10% v/v CFA-C com HCl obtiveram-se dois picos potenciométricos e deduziu-se que 90% do ácido foi consumido para neutralização da amina livre e 10% foi gasto para protonar um ânion de ácido fraco usado para formar um tampão de razão molar 10:1, do tipo R3N/R3NH+. Em uma simulação desse reagente preparou-se uma solução 6,06 mol L-1 de monoetanolamina (MEA) e 0,20 mol L-1 ácido cítrico, triprótico, para formar um tampão do mesmo tipo, 10:1, baseado na propriedade do íon citrato em complexar Ca(II). Outro tampão citrato mais diluído (1,52 mol L-1) foi preparado usando trishidroximetilaminometano (TRIS), que é uma amina menos solúvel. Essas misturas foram caracterizadas por análise potenciométrica e termoanalítica. O comportamento desses novos tampões amina/citrato foi adequado e comparável ao produto comercial. Resumo em inglês Milk analysis can be successfully performed by dilution of samples with CFA-C, a commercial mixture of water-soluble tertiary amines, and measurements by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). However, due to the costs of this reagent and contamination, the work here described investigated an alternative reagent that could be used instead of CFA-C. Qualitative analysis showed that the commercial mixture does not contain boric acid or EDTA. A po (mais) tentiometric titration of a CFA-C 10% v/v aqueous solution using HCl as titrant showed two peaks and it was inferred that 90% of the acid was consumed for neutralization of free amines and the remaining 10% was consumed for protonation of an anion of a weak acid employed to generate a buffer R3N/R3NH+ with the molar ratio 10:1. For simulating the CFA-C reagent, it was prepared a solution containing 6.06 mol L-1 monoethanolamine (MEA) plus 0.20 mol L-1 citric acid, triprotic, to form a buffer 10:1. The citrate anion is a good chelating ligand for Ca(II). An other citrate buffer was prepared (1.52 mol L-1) using trishydroxymethylaminomethane (TRIS), which is an amine less soluble in water. These mixtures were characterized by potentiometric and thermal analysis. Both amine/citrate buffers presented a performance comparable to the commercial reagent.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)