Sample records for hydroxy compounds
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 20 shown. Select sample records:



1

Triazenos e atividade antibacteriana/ Triazenes and antibacterial activity

Hörner, Manfredo; Giglio, Vinícius Feltrin; Santos, Aline Joana Rolina Wohlmuth Alves dos; Westphalen, André Bilibio; Iglesias, Bernardo Almeida; Martins, Paulo Roberto; Amaral, Carlos Henrique do; Michelot, Tiago Mozaquatro; Reetz, Luiz Gustavo Brenner; Bertoncheli, Cláudia de Mello; Paraginski, Gustavo Luiz; Horner, Rosmari
2008-09-01

Resumo em português Quinze compostos triazenos foram estudados quanto à atividade antibacteriana pela metodologia de microdiluição em caldo. A Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM) e a Concentração Bactericida Mínima (CBM) foram pesquisadas frente a três bactérias padrão (E. coli ATCC 25922, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853) e frente a cepas hospitalares (Acinetobacter baumannii, Acinetobacter lwoffii, Ralstonia pickettii, Bordetella bronchisept (mais) ica, Micrococcus sp., Enterococcus sp., Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Bacillus cereus, Corynebacterium sp., Rhodococcus sp., Salmonella sp., Serratia marcescens, Morganella morganii, Enterobacter cloacae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella sonnei, Shigella sp., Klebsiella pneumoniae, ESBL Klebsiella oxytoca 14, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 23, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 24, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 25, ESBL Escherichia coli 26, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 27, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 31, ESBL Escherichia coli 32, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 37 e ESBL Escherichia coli 38). A maior atividade foi evidenciada para o composto 1-metil-3-(p-carboxifenil)triazeno 1-óxido (2) contra Streptococcus agalactiae (CIM =16 µg/mL e CBM = 32 µg/mL). Os compostos 1-fenil-3-(4-nitrofenil)triazeno-1-óxido (9), 1-(4-nitrofenil)-3-(4-carboxifenil)triazeno (10) e 1-(4-acetilaminofenil)-3-(4-carboxifenil)triazeno (11) apresentaram CIMs de 32 a 64 µg/mL frente a S. edipermidis, S. saprophyticus, Corynebacterium sp. e E. cloacae. Os compostos 1-metil-3-feniltriazeno-1-óxido (1) , bis-1,3-(4-acetiloxima)triazeno (3), bis-1,3 (4-acetilfenil)triazeno (4), 1-(2-fluorfenil)-3-(4-acetilfenil)triazeno (5), 1,3-(3-hidroxi-difeniltriazenido)(piridil)(bis-oxo-vanádio) (12), 1-(3-nitrofenil)-3-feniltriazeno (14), 1-(4-nitrofenil)-3-benziltriazeno (15) apresentaram CIM = 128 µg/mL frente a S. aureus ATCC 25923, P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853, A. lwoffii, Micrococcus sp., S. epidermidis, S. saprophyticus, Corynebacterirum sp., E. cloacae, S. flenneri e S. sonnei. Os compostos 1-fenil-3-(4-acetilfenil)triazeno (6), 1,3-bis-(4-etoxicarbonilfenil) triazeno (7) e 3-(4-carboxilatofenil)-1-metiltriazeno 1-óxido de potássio tetraidratado (13) apresentaram CIMs iguais ou maiores que 128 µg/mL. Estes resultados demonstraram a potencial atividade biológica destes compostos contra bactérias Gram-positivas e Gram-negativas. Resumo em inglês Fifteen triazenes compounds were studied concerning their antibacterial activity by broth microdilution method. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was determined with E. coli ATCC 25922, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Acinetobacter baumannii, Acinetobacter lwoffii, Ralstonia pickettii, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Micrococcus sp., Enterococcus sp., Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococc (mais) us saprophyticus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Bacillus cereus, Corynebacterium sp., Rhodococcus sp., Salmonella sp., Serratia marcescens, Morganella morganii, Enterobacter cloacae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella sonnei, Shigella sp., Klebsiella pneumoniae, ESBL Klebsiella oxytoca 14, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 23, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 24, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 25, ESBL Escherichia coli 26, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 27, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 31, ESBL Escherichia coli 32, ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae 37 e ESBL Escherichia coli 38. The highest effect was evidenced by the compound 1-methyl-3-(p-carboxyphenyl)triazene 1-oxide (2) against Streptococcus agalactiae (MIC = 16 µg/mL and MBC = 32 µg/mL). The compounds 1-phenyl-3-(4-nitrophenyl)triazene-1-oxide (9), 1-(4-nitrophenyl)-3-(4-carboxyphenyl)triazene (10) e 1-(4-acethyl amine phenyl)-3-(4-carboxyphenyl)triazene (11) presented MIC between 32 and 64 µg/mL against S. edipermidis, S. saprophyticus, Rhodococcus sp. and E. cloacae. The compounds 1-methyl-3-phenyltriazene-1-oxide (1) , bis-1,3-(4-acethyl oxime)triazene (3), bis-1,3 (4-acethyl phenyl)triazene (4), 1-(2-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-acethylphenyl)triazene (5), 1,3-(3-hydroxy-diphenyltriazenide)(piridil)(bis-oxo-vanadium) (12), 1-(3-nitrophenyl)-3-phenyltriazene (14), 1-(4-nitrophenyl)-3-benzyltriazene (15) presented MIC of the 128 µg/mL against S. aureus ATCC 25923, P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853, A. lwoffii, Micrococcus sp., S. epidermidis, S. saprophyticus, Corynebacterirum sp., E. cloacae, S. flenneri e S. sonnei. The compounds 1-phenyl-3-(4-acethylphenyl)triazene (6), 1,3-bis-(4-ethoxycarbonylphenyl) triazene (7), and 3-(4-carboxylatephenyl)-1-methyltriazene 1-oxide of potassium tetrahydrate (13) presented MICs equals or highest than 128 µg/mL. The results have demonstrated the potential biological activity of these compounds against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

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2

Outros constituintes químicos de Diplotropis ferruginea Benth. (Fabaceae)

Almeida, J.R.G.S.; da-Cunha, E.V.L.; Silva, M.S.; Athayde-Filho, P.F.; Braz-Filho, R.; Barbosa-Filho, J.M.
2003-01-01

Resumo em português O extrato hexânico das cascas do caule de Diplotropis ferruginea Benth (Fabaceae), após procedimentos cromatográficos e fitoquímicos, forneceu o triterpeno lupeol, citado pela primeira vez em Diplotropis ferruginea, e etil-2-hidroxi-4-methoxi-6-propil-benzoate, descrito pela primeira vez em na literatura. As determinações estruturais desses compostos foram realizadas com base em análises espectroscópicas de ¹H e 13C NMR, bem como também por comparação com valores da literatura. Resumo em inglês The hexane extract of the stem bark of Diplotropis ferruginea Benth (Fabaceae), after chromatografic and phytochemical procedures, yielded the triterpene lupeol, wich has been cited for the first time on Diplotropis ferruginea, and ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-6-propyl-benzoate, described for the first time on literature. The structural determinations of these compounds were performed on the basis of ¹H and 13C NMR spectroscopic analysis as well as comparison with literature values.

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3

Sesquiterpenos e hidrocarbonetos dos frutos de Xylopia emarginata (Annonaceae)/ Sesquiterpenes and hydrocarbons from Xylopia emarginata (Annonaceae) fruits

Moreira, Isabel C.; Roque, Nídia F.; Contini, Karla; Lago, João Henrique G.
2007-03-01

Resumo em português O extrato hexânico dos frutos de Xylopia emarginata foi particionado entre hexano e MeOH/H2O. A fase hidroalcoólica foi submetida à separação cromatográfica fornecendo quatro sesquiterpenos: óxido de cariofileno, espatulenol, 1beta,6alfa-diidroxi-4(15)-eudesmeno e 4-hidroxi-1,15-peróxieudesmano. A fase hexânica foi fracionada através de cromatografia em coluna fornecendo dois hidrocarbonetos (nonadecano e 1-nonadeceno) e uma cetona alifática (hentriacontan-16-o (mais) na). As estruturas dos compostos isolados foram estabelecidas através de análise espectroscópica, principalmente RMN e EM. Resumo em inglês The hexane extract from Xylopia emarginata fruits was partitioned between hexane and MeOH/H2O. The hydro-alcoholic phase was submitted to chromatographic separation to afford four sesquiterpenes: caryophyllene oxide, spathulenol, 1beta,6alpha-dihydroxy-4(15)-eudesmene and 4-hydroxy-1,15-peroxy-eudesmane. The hexane phase was fractioned in column chromatography to afford two hydrocarbons (nonadecane and 1-nonadecene) and one aliphatic ketone (hentriacontan-16-one). The str (mais) uctures of the isolated compounds were established by spectral data analysis, mainly NMR and MS.

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4

Constituintes químicos das folhas e caule de Croton sellowii (Euphorbiaceae)/ Chemical constituents from the leaves and stems of Croton sellowii (Euphorbiaceae)

Palmeira Júnior, Sebastião F.; Alves, Vanessa L.; Moura, Fabyanne S.; Vieira, Larissa F.A.; Conserva, Lucia M.; Lemos, Rosangela P.L.
2006-09-01

Resumo em português O presente trabalho descreve o isolamento de terpenóides (sitosterol, estigmasterol, cicloart-25-eno-3b,24b-diol, cicloart-25-eno-3b,24a-diol e ácido betulônico), flavonóides (artemetina, crisosplenetina, casticina, penduletina e tilirosídeo) e fenilpropanóide (treo-7-etoxi-8-hidroxi-diidroanol) nas folhas e caule de Croton sellowii Baill. Todos os compostos isolados estão sendo descritos pela primeira vez nesta espécie e foram identificados com base na análise d (mais) e dados espectrais (IV, UV e RMN, incluindo APT, DEPT, COSY, NOESY, HMQC e HMBC), bem como pela comparação com dados descritos na literatura. Resumo em inglês This work describes the isolation of terpenoids (sitosterol, stigmasterol, cycloart-25-ene-3b,24b-diol, cycloart-25-ene-3b,24a-diol and betulonic acid), flavonoids (artemetin, crysosplenetin, casticin, penduletin and tiliroside) and phenylpropanoid (threo-7-ethoxy-8-hydroxy-dihydroanol) from the leaves and stems of Croton sellowii Baill. All isolated compounds are being described for the first time in this species and were identified on basis of the spectral data (IR, UV, (mais) and NMR, including APT, DEPT, COSY, NOESY, HMQC and HMBC), and by comparison with literature data.

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5

Estudo fitoquímico e avaliação das atividades moluscicida e larvicida dos extratos da casca do caule e folha de Eugenia malaccensis L. (Myrtaceae)/ Phytochemical studies of the extracts of stem bark and leaves of Eugenia malaccensis L. (Myrtaceae) and evaluation of their molluscicidal and larvicidal activities

Oliveira, Anderson Marques de; Humberto, Margarida Maria dos Santos; Silva, José Marcos da; Rocha, Rosário de Fátima de Almeida; Sant'Ana, Antônio Euzébio Goulart
2006-12-01

Resumo em português Eugenia malaccensis L. (Syzygium malaccensis Merr.& Perry), denominada comumente de jambo vermelho, é uma espécie arbórea de ocorrência comum no Brasil e faz parte das plantas medicinais do Estado de Alagoas. Estudos químicos anteriores com E. malaccensis foram realizados com plantas coletadas na Ásia, Oceania e na América Central. Este trabalho descreve o estudo químico do extrato etanólico das folhas e cascas de um espécimem coletado no Estado de Alagoas, Bras (mais) il. Considerando-se a escassa literatura sobre o potencial moluscicida e larvicida dessa espécie, buscou-se testar estas atividades contra caramujos Biomphalaria glabrata Say, e frente às larvas do mosquito Aedes aegypti L. Os extratos etanólicos da casca do caule e das folhas foram inativos frente às larvas de Aedes aegypti na concentração de 500 μg/mL, porém, ativos contra Biomphalaria glabrata (CL50 = 42,53 e 41,90 mg/mL, respectivamente). O estudo químico levou ao isolamento e identificação de 5,7,3',4',5'-penta-hidroxi-flavonol (1), 5,7,3',5'-tetra-hidroxi-4'-metoxi-flavonol (2), ácido 3,4,5-tri-hidroxibenzóico (3) e ácido 3-acetil-urs-12-en-28-óico (4) das folhas e da casca do caule. O composto 4 é isolado pela primeira vez no gênero Eugenia. As estruturas desses compostos foram estabelecidas através de estudos no IV, de RMN ¹H e 13C e comparação com dados da literatura. Resumo em inglês Eugenia malaccensis L. (Syzygium malaccensis Merr. & Perry), popularly known in Brazil as jambo vermelho, is a very common tree and one of the medicinal plants of Alagoas State, Brazil. Previous chemical studies with E. malaccensis have been carried out with native plants from Asia, Oceania, and Central America. This work describes the chemical study of E. malaccensis L., a specimen collected in Alagoas State. Considering that studies on the molluscicidal and larvicidal p (mais) otential of E. malaccensis were not reported, this work aimed to test its molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria glabrata snails and larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti mosquitos. The ethanolic stem bark and leaf extracts were inactive towards Aedes aegypti larvae. The ethanolic stem bark and leaf extract were active against Biomphalaria glabrata with CL50 = 42.53 and 41.90 mg/mL, respectively. 5,7,3',4',5'-Penta-hydroxy-flavonol (1), 5,7,3',5'-tetra-hydroxy-4'-methoxy-flavonol (2), 3,4,5-tri-hydroxybenzoic acid (3) and 3-acetyl-urs-12-en-28-oic acid (4) were isolated and identified from the leaves and stem bark. The acid 3b-O-acetyl-urs-12-en-28-oic is for the first time isolated from the genus Eugenia. The structures of the compounds have been established by IR, ¹H and 13C NMR spectral analysis and by comparison with literature data.

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6

Composição química volátil e não-volátil de Eupatorium ballotifolium Kunth, Asteraceae

Albuquerque, Maria Rose Jane R.; Santos, Hélcio S. dos; Souza, Elnatan B. de; Silva, Rochanne M. da; Menezes, Jane Eire Silva A. de; Pessoa, Otília Deusdênia L.; Braz-Filho, Raimundo; Costa, Sônia Maria O.
2010-09-01

Resumo em português Este trabalho descreve a composição química dos óleos essenciais e o isolamento de onze substâncias de Eupatorium ballotifolium Kunth, Asteraceae. Os óleos essenciais foram obtidos por hidrodestilação, analisados por CG-EM e avaliados quanto às suas atividades frente à enzima acetilcolinesterase. O rendimento dos óleos foi de 0,11% para as folhas e 0,03% para os talos. Os principais constituintes dos óleos foram os sesquiterpenos β-cariofileno (24,9 e 22, (mais) 2%), espatulenol (17,7 e 12,4%) e epóxi-allo-aromadendreno (23,0 e 23,6%). Do extrato hexânico da parte aérea foi isolada a mistura de β-sitosterol e estigmasterol, incluindo suas formas glicosiladas, e os triterpenos acetato de taraxasterila e taraxasterol, enquanto, do extrato etanólico foram isolados os flavonóides nepetina and 3-O-glicosil-quercetina. Do extrato hexânico das raízes foram isolados os triterpenos epi-friedelanol e damara-20,24-dien-3β-ol e do extrato etanólico a cumarina 11-hidroxi-11,12-di-hidroobliquina. As estruturas de todos os compostos foram determinadas usando técnicas espectroscópica tais como IV, EM e RMN ¹H e 13C. Resumo em inglês This work describes the chemical composition of the essential oils and the isolation of eleven substances from Eupatorium ballotifolium Kunth, Asteraceae. The essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation, analyzed by GC/MS and evaluated towards the acetylcholinesterase enzyme. The oils yield was of 0.11% for the leaves and 0.03% for the stems. The main constituents of the oils were the sesquiterpenes β-caryophyllene (24.9 and 22.2%), spathulenol (17.7 and 12.4%) (mais) and epoxy-allo-aromadendrene (23.0 and 23.6%). From the hexane extract of the aerial part were isolated a mixture of sitosterol and stigmasterol, its glucosides, and the triterpenes taraxasteryl acetate and taraxasterol, while from the ethanol extract were obtained the flavonoids nepetin and 3-O-glucoside-quercetin. The triterpenes epi-friedelanol and dammara-20,24-dien-3β-ol were obtained from the hexane extract of roots, while the coumarin 11-hydroxy-11,12-di-hydroobliquine was obtained from the ethanol extract. The structures of all compounds were determinate based on spectroscopic methods such as IR, MS and ¹H and 13C NMR

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7

Triterpenóides pentacíclicos das folhas de Terminalia brasiliensis/ Pentacyclic triterpenoids from the leaves of Terminalia brasiliensis

Araújo, Delton Sérvulo; Chaves, Mariana H.
2005-12-01

Resumo em inglês Eleven oleanane, ursane and lupane-type triterpenes were isolated from the leaves of Terminalia brasiliensis Camb, daturadiol (3b,6beta-dihydroxy-olean-12-ene), 3beta-hydroxy-30-norlupan-20-one, lupenone, beta-amyrenone, alpha-amyrenone, lupeol, beta-amyrin, alpha-amyrin, betulin, erythrodiol and uvaol, in addition to squalene, sitosterol and alpha-tocopherol. The structures of these compounds were identified by ¹H and 13C NMR spectral analysis and comparison with literature data.

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8

Triterpenos esterificados com ácidos graxos e ácidos triterpênicos isolados de Byrosonima microphylla/ Triterpenes esterified with fatty acid and triterpene acids isolated from Byrsonima microphylla

Mendes, Carla C.; Cruz, Frederico G.; David, Jorge M.; Nascimento, Ivan P.; David, Juceni P.
1999-04-01

Resumo em inglês The hexane extract of leaves of B. microphylla afforded a mixture of triterpenes esterified with fatty acids. Analyses of spectral data of the mixture and of the derivatives obtained by a transesterification reaction with NaOMe/MeOH permitted to identify the composition of the mixtures as being 24-hydroxy-urs-12-enyl 3b-eicosanate, estearate and palmitate as well as of the 24-hydroxy-olean-12-enyl 3b-eicosanate, estearate and palmitate. From the choroform and ethyl acetat (mais) e extracts were isolated the oleanolic and 3b,24-dihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acids, quercetin and methyl galic ester, respectively. The compounds were identified through analysis of their spectral data.

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9

Triterpenos de Styrax camporum (styracaceae)/ Triterpenes from Styrax camporum (styracaceae)

Pauletti, Patrícia Mendonça; Araújo, Angela Regina; Bolzani, Vanderlan da Silva; Young, Maria Claudia Marx
2002-05-01

Resumo em inglês Chemical investigation of the leaves of Styrax camporum (Styracaceae) resulted in the isolation of the lignan lariciresinol and six triterpenes: ursolic acid, 2alpha,3alpha-dihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid and mixtures of uvaol and erythrodiol, as well as 3beta-O-trans-p-coumaroyl-2alpha-hydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid and 3b-O-trans-p-coumaroylmaslinic acid. The structures of these compounds were established by spectroscopic analysis. This paper deals with the first report of these compounds in S. camporum.

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10

Triterpenos da resina de Protium heptaphyllum March (B0urseraceae): caracterização em misturas binárias/ Triterpenes from the resin of Protium heptaphyllum March (Burseraceae): characterization in binary mixtures

Maia, Robinson Magalhães; Barbosa, Pedro Rocha; Cruz, Frederico Guaré; Roque, Nídia Franca; Fascio, Miguel
2000-10-01

Resumo em inglês Eight triterpenes, maniladiol, breine, ursa-9(11):12-dien-3beta-ol, oleana-9(11):12-dien-3beta-ol, 3alpha-hydroxy-tirucalla-8,24-dien-21-oic acid, 3alpha-hydroxy-tirucalla-7,24-dien-21-oic, alpha and beta amyrines were isolated as binary mixtures obtained from the chloroform extract of the oil-resin of Protium heptaphyllum March. The identification of the compounds was based mainly in 13C NMR data and mass spectra. The diene and the tetracyclic acid triterpenes were not reported before in the literature as constituents of the studied resin.

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11

Teores de compostos orgânicos em cachaças produzidas na região norte fluminense - Rio de Janeiro/ Organic compounds contents in cachaças produced in the northern Rio de Janeiro State - RJ

Souza, Leandro Marelli de; Ferreira, Karla Silva; Passoni, Luís César; Bevitori, Alice Barreto; Melo, Karen Vieira; Viana, Arivaldo Ribeiro
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês This work aimed to quantify some organic compounds in "cachaças" (sugar cane spirit). The ethyl alcohol was quantified by densimetry, after distillation. The acetic acid, methyl alcohol, n-propyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, isobutyl alcohol, isoamyl alcohol (mixture of 2-methyl-butyl and 3-methyl-butyl), ethyl acetate and acetaldehyde were determined by gas chromatography; and the furfural, 5-hydroxy-methylfurfural and acrolein by high efficiency liquid chromatography. Fro (mais) m the 30 samples analyzed, 63.3% showed non-conformity with national legislation regarding at least one of the analyzed components.

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12

Síntese e avaliação da atividade fitotóxica de derivados da α-Santonina/ Synthesis and evaluation of the phytotoxic activity of α-Santonin derivatives

Alvarenga, Elson S.; Barbosa, Luiz C. A.; Saliba, William A.; Arantes, Francisco F. P.; Demuner, Antônio J.; Silva, Antônio A.
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês Mixtures of α-Santonin and various solvents were irradiated by either high or low pressure mercury lamps. The photochemical reactions afforded lumisantonin (11) (76% in acetonitrile), (3S,3aS,9bS)-3,6,6-trimethyl-3,3a,4,5-tetrahydronafto[1,2-b]furan-2,7(6H,9bH)dione (12) (100% in acetonitrile), 10α-acetoxy-3-oxo-1,7αH,6,11βH-guaia-4-en-6,12-olide (8) (26% in acetic acid), 10α-hydroxy-3-oxo-1,7αH,6,11βH-guaia-4-en-6,12-olide (10) (32%) an (mais) d (E)-3-((3S,3aS,7aS)-3-methyl-2-oxo-6-(propan-2-ylidene)hexahydrobenzofuran-7-(7aH)-ylidene)propanoic acid (9) (44%) (in water/ acetic acid 1:1, v/v). Lactone 12 was also prepared by irradiation of lumisantonin in diethyl ether. Lactones 8 and 10 were converted, respectively, into the 10α-acetoxy-3β-hydroxy-1,7αH,6,11βH-guaia-4-en-6,12-olide (13) (87%) and 3β,10α-dihydroxy-1,7αH,6,11βH-guaia-4-en-6,12-olide (14) (75%) by sodium borohydride reduction. The effects of the compounds on the development of radicle of Sorghum bicolor and Cucumis sativus were evaluated.

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13

Sesquiterpenos do caule de Pilocarpus riedelianus e atividades sobre microorganismos/ Sesquiterpenes from the stem of Pilocarpus riedelianus and antimicrobial activity

Guerreiro, Gisleine; Lima, Janete Eliza S. de; Fernandes, João Batista; Silva, M. Fátima das G. F. da; Vieira, Paulo Cezar; Magalhães, Claudia Maria I.; Pagnocca, Fernando Carlos; Bueno, Odair Corrêa; Hebling, Maria José Aparecida; Pirani, José Rubens
2005-12-01

Resumo em inglês Pilocarpus riedelianus was studied in order to obtain compounds with activity against fungi and bacteria. The dichloromethane extract, the most active one, was chromatographed yielding hexane and dichloromethane fractions. Six known sesquiterpenes, alpha-calacorene, beta-calacorene, gamma-calacorene, cadalene, sesquichamaenol and 1-hydroxy-1,3,5-bisabolatrien-10-one were identified in the hexane fractions. The identification of these compound was done by NMR and GC/MS ana (mais) lyses. The hexane fraction from the dichloromethane extract showed activity against several fungi and bacteria.

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14

Reações de inserção intramolecular de diazo compostos polifuncionais catalisadas por ródio(II): síntese de oxetan-3-ona-2-carboxilato e outros heterociclos funcionalizados/ Rhodium(II)-catalysed intramolecular insertion reaction of multifunctional diazo compounds: synthesis of oxetan-3-one-2-carboxilate and other heterocycles

Padwa, Albert; Sá, Marcus Mandolesi
1999-12-01

Resumo em inglês gamma-Hydroxy-alpha-diazo-beta-ketoesters are key intermediates in the chemistry of penicilin-based antibiotics and natural products. The method developed here for the synthesis of ethyl 2-diazo-4-hydroxy-3-oxo-butanoate 17 (in two steps from the diazo mercurial 2) compares very favorably with those reported in the literature for similar compounds. The Rh2(OAc)4-mediated intramolecular OH-insertion reaction of the diazo hydroxy ester 17 was investigated, furnishing the ox (mais) etan-3-one-2-carboxilate 18 in good yield. When the diazo ester lacks a free hydroxyl group as in the case of the phenoxy diazo ester 11 an intramolecular CH-insertion takes place, affording the 2H-chromene 20 in almost quantitative yield. The behavior of other functionalized diazo esters towards Rh2(OAc)4 was also investigated.

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15

Novos constituintes químicos das cascas do caule de Tabebuia heptaphylla/ New constituents from the trunk bark of Tabebuia heptaphylla

Garcez, Fernanda Rodrigues; Garcez, Walmir Silva; Mahmoud, Talal Suleiman; Figueiredo, Patrícia de Oliveira; Resende, Ubirazilda Maria
2007-01-01

Resumo em inglês A new triterpene, 3beta,6beta,21beta-trihydroxyolean-12-ene and a new iridoid, 8alpha-methyl-8beta-hydroxy-6beta-(3',4'-dimethoxy)benzoyloxy-1 alpha,3alpha-dimethoxy-octahydro-cyclopenta[c]pyran were isolated from the trunk bark of a specimen of Tabebuia heptaphylla (Bignoniaceae) collected in the "Pantanal" of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Twelve known compounds were also obtained in this work, comprising four iridoids, 6-O-p-hydroxybenzoylajugol, 6-O-p-methoxybenzoylajugo (mais) l, 6-O-3",4"-dimethoxybenzoylajugol, 8alpha-methyl-8beta-hydroxy-6beta-(4'-hydroxy)benzoyloxy-1alpha,3 alpha-dimethoxy-octahydro-cyclopenta[c]pyran, a cyclopentene dialdehyde, 2-formyl-5-(3',4'-dimethoxybenzoyloxy)-3-methyl-2-cyclopentene-1-acetaldehyde, a phenylethanoid glycoside, verbascoside and three benzoic acid derivatives, p-hydroxybenzoic, p-methoxybenzoic and 3,4-dimethoxybenzoic acids, in addition to squalene, sitostenone and sitosterol. The antioxidant properties of the isolated compounds were also evaluated in this work.

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Identificação de princípios ativos presentes na Ipomoea carnea brasileira/ Identification of Brazilian Ipomoea carnea toxic compounds

Schwarz, Aline; Hosomi, Rosana Zoriki; Henrique, Breno Schumaher; Hueza, Isis; Gardner, Dale; Haraguchi, Mitsue; Górniak, Silvana Lima; Bernardi, Maria Martha; Spinosa, Helenice de Souza
2004-06-01

Resumo em português Dentre as espécies pertencentes à família das Convolvulaceae destacam-se as Ipomoeas, amplamente distribuídas por todo o mundo, bastante conhecidas e cultivadas devido ao aspecto ornamental que suas flores campanuladas e de cores vibrantes oferecem. É sabido porém que espécies de Ipomoeas são tóxicas. A Ipomoea carnea, espécie de nosso estudo, provoca emagrecimento, apatia, incoordenção motora, fraqueza progressiva e até mesmo a morte em animais de produção (mais) , se ingerida por período prolongado. Os alcalóides suainsonina e calisteginas presentes nesta planta são certamente responsáveis por tais efeitos tóxicos, já que inibem a ação das manosidases e glicosidases, enzimas fundamentais para um adequado metabolismo de carboidratos pelo organismo. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo verificar e caracterizar os constituintes químicos da I. carneabrasileira. Assim, empregando-se as cromatografias de camada delgada e líquida acoplada a detector de massas, além da ressonância nuclear de prótons e carbono, foram detectados no extrato aquoso obtido das folhas da planta, 0,09% de suainsonina, 0,11% de calistegina B2, 0,14% de calistegina B1, 0,06% de calistegina C1 e o aminoácido não protéico N-metil-trans-4-hidroxi-L-prolina. Resumo em inglês In the Convolvulaceae family, the Ipomoeas species are cultivated and found in all regions of the world because of their ornamental bright coloured flowers. It is well known that some Ipomoeas species are toxic. Ipomoea carnea, species of this study, causes depression, general weakness, loss of body weight, stagering gait and death of animals after prolonged periods of plant intake. These toxic effects are attributed to the alkaloids swainsonine and calystegines present i (mais) n the plant, wich promotes inhibition of galactosidases and manosidases, important enzymes for an adequate metabolism of carbohydrates in the organism. The objective of the present study was to detect and characterize the chemical components of the Brazillian plant. For that, thin layer chromatography, high pressure liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detector and nuclear ressonance of protons and carbon were used. The aqueous extract of I. carnea presented 0.09% swainsonine, 0.11% calystegine B2, 0.14% of calystegine B1 , 0.06% calystegine C1 and the no proteic imino acid N-methyl-trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline.

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Flavonas, lignanas e terpeno de Piper umbellata (Piperaceae)/ Flavones, lignans and terpene from Piper umbellata (Piperaceae)

Baldoqui, Debora Cristina; Bolzani, Vanderlan da S.; Furlan, Maysa; Kato, Massuo J.; Marques, Márcia O. M.
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês The phytochemical investigation of Piper umbellata leaves yielded nine compounds including one terpenoid glucoside, five flavones (vitexin 2"-O-β-glucopyranoside, apigenin 8-C-β-D-glucopyranoside,orientin 8-C-β-D-glucopyranoside,5-hydroxy-7,3',4'-trimethoxy-flavone and velutin), two lignans (sesamin e dihydrocubebin) and 4-nerolidylcathecol. Excepting 4-nerolidylcathecol, all compounds have not been described from this species yet.

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Estudo químico de Zeyheria montana M. (bolsa‑de‑pastor)

Jácome, R.L.R. P.; Raslan, D. S.; Wagner, H.; Oliveira, A.B. de
2001-01-01

Resumo em português Do extrato hexânico das raízes de Zeyheria montana M., uma Bignoniácea conhecida como bolsa‑de‑pastor, empregada popularmente contra doenças de pele, foram isolados os seguintes compostos: lapachol, α‑lapachona, desidro‑α‑lapachona, 4‑hidróxi­-α‑lapachona, β‑sitosterol, ácido esteárico e uma mistura de ácidos graxos. Estas substancias foram identificadas por métodos espectrométricos usuais e/ou (mais) comparação com amostras autênticas. No cromatograma do extrato etanólico, obtido por CLAE, foram identificados os picos correspondentes às naftoquinonas isoladas e ao ácido esteárico. A ocorrência de naftoquinonas nas raizes de Z. montana e a atividade antimicrobiana comprovada para o lapachol e a α‑lapachona justificam o uso popular desta espécie. Resumo em inglês Zeyheria montana M. (Bignoniaceae) is a widespread species in the Cerrado area of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and is popularly known as bolsa‑de‑pastor. In the Brazilian tradicional medicine its roots are used for the treatment of skin diseases. Several species of Bignoniaceae contain naphthoquinones, and lapachol was previously reported in the stem wood of Z. digitalis. This paper describes the isolation of three naphtoquinones from Z. montana stem barks, namely &# (mais) 945;‑lapachone, dehydro‑α‑lapachone and 4‑hydroxy‑α‑lapachone, besides lapachol, stearic acid and β‑sitosterol. Furthermore, we report the HPLC fingerprint for the species, which allowed the identification of the isolated compounds, except β‑sitosterol. Since the in vitro antimicrobial activity of lapachol and α‑lapachone has been previously described, the presence of these naphthoquinones in the roots of Z. montana corroborates its popular use for the treatment of skin diseases.

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Estudo fitoquímico e avaliação alelopática de Memora peregrina - "ciganinha" - Bignoniaceae, uma espécie invasora de pastagens em Mato Grosso do Sul/ Phytochemical study and evaluation of allelopathy in Memora peregrina, 'ciganinha', Bignoniaceae, an invading species in pastures in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Grassi, Rafaela Ferreira; Resende, Ubirazilda Maria; Silva, Walciane da; Macedo, Maria Ligia Rodrigues; Butera, Ana Paola; Tulli, Elayne de Oliveira; Saffran, Francis Paes; Siqueira, João Máximo de
2005-03-01

Resumo em inglês Memora peregrina (local name: 'ciganinha' - Bignoniaceae) is a weed that often invades pastures in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul. From its leaves and subterranean parts, the following compounds were isolated: allantoin (20.7 w/w in subterranean parts), the iridoid 6beta-hydroxyipolamiide, hyperin, 3'-O-methylhyperin, 4-hydroxy-N-methylproline, beta-sitosterol, alpha-amirin and beta-amirin, and lupeol. Allantoin exhibited an activity of inducing germination in (mais) seeds of Lactuca sativa used as a biological model, and the iridoid showed moderate activity in the larval development of Anagasta kuehniella. These results, associated with this plant's behavior, are suggestive of the occurrence of adaptive and competitive strategies in relation to other plant species.

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Esteroides produzidos por Penicillium herquei, um fungo endofítico isolado dos frutos de Melia azedarach (Meliaceae)/ Steroids produced by Penicillium herquei, an endophytic fungus isolated from the fruits of Melia azedarach (Meliaceae)

Marinho, Andrey Moacir do Rosario; Marinho, Patrícia Santana Barbosa; Rodrigues Filho, Edson
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês Six compounds comprising the groups of steroids, the ergosterol, the ergosterol peroxide, the cerevisterol, the neociclocitrinols, the ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one, the 25-hydroxy-ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one, were isolated from Penicillium herquei fungus obtained from Melia azedarach. The structures were identified by spectral methods of RMN 1D and 2D and MS.

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Efeito da presença e concentração de compostos carbonílicos na qualidade de vinhos/ Effects of carbonylic compound presence and concentration on wine quality

Azevêdo, Luciana C. de; Reis, Marina M.; Silva, Luciana A. da; Andrade, Jailson B. de
2007-01-01

Resumo em inglês Studies on identification of compounds that make up the aroma and flavor in wines involve research evaluating mainly the influence of terpenes, esters, lactones and alcohols upon these sensory characteristics. However, carbonylic compounds (CC) play an important role concerning the substances that impact aroma to these drinks. Their origin is reported to be linked to the grape's chemical composition, must fermentation or micro-oxidation occurring during storage in barrels (mais) . Some CCs, like E-ionone, E-damascenone, siryngaldehyde, can contribute a pleasant aroma and improve the wine quality whereas others are responsible for unpleasant characteristics (acetaldehyde, furfural, 5-hydroxy-methyl furfural, diacetil, E-non-2-enal, etc). A fraction of CCs present is associated with bisulfite ions in the form of hydroxyalkylsulfonic acids. Some of them are stable and play an important role in determining wine quality. The reaction involving the formation of this aduct commonly occurs with CCs of low molar mass, such as formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. The reaction involving CCs with more than three carbon atoms demands further studies.

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Constituintes químicos voláteis e não-voláteis de Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willdenow) Sprengel/ Volatile and non-volatile chemical constituents of Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willdenow) Sprengel

Almeida, Sheyla Cristiane Xenofonte de; Lemos, Telma Lêda Gomes de; Silveira, Edilberto Rocha; Pessoa, Otília Deusdênia Loiola
2005-02-01

Resumo em inglês The essential oils from leaves, root bark and root wood of Cochlospermum vitifolium were investigated for the first time. The oils were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC/MS. The main volatile constituents were beta-caryophyllene (8.2 - 46.5%), beta-bisabolene (11.5 - 29.3%), gamma-muurolene (28.4%), alpha-humulene (26.0%), 1-hydroxy-3-hexadecanone (16.2 - 19.5%) and beta-pinene (10.6%). Phytochemical analysis of the root bark and root wood extracts yielded (mais) excelsin, pinoresinol, narigenin, aromadendrin, galic acid and a triacylbenzene, along with beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol and their D-glucosides. The structures of all compounds were determined by analyses of the spectroscopic data (NMR and MS), and comparison with the literature.

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Constituintes químicos de Parmotrema lichexanthonicum Eliasaro & Adler: isolamento, modificações estruturais e avaliação das atividades antibiótica e citotóxica/ Chemical constituents of parmotrema lichexanthonicum Eliasaro & Adler: isolation, structure modification and evaluation of antibiotic and cytotoxic activities

Micheletti, Ana C.; Beatriz, Adilson; Lima, Dênis Pires de; Honda, Neli K.; Pessoa, Cláudia do Ó; Moraes, Manoel Odorico de; Lotufo, Letícia Veras; Magalhães, Hemerson Iury Ferreira; Carvalho, Nádia C. P.
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês From the lichen Parmotrema lichexantonicum were isolated the depsidone salazinic acid, the xanthone lichexanthone, and the depside atranorin. The two major compounds, salazinic acid and lichexanthone, were selected for structure modifications. Salazinic acid afforded O-alkyl salazinic acids, some of them potentially cytotoxic against tumor cell lines (HCT-8, SF-295 and MDA/ MB - 435). From lichexanthone were obtained norlichexanthone, 3-O-methylnorlichexanthone, 3-O-methy (mais) l-6-O-prenylnorlichexanthone, 3,6-di-O-prenyl-norlichexanthone, 3,6-bis[(3,3-dimethyloxyran-2-il)methoxy]-1-hydroxy-8-methyl-9H-xanten-9-one and 3,6-bis[3-(dimethylamine)propoxy]-1-hydroxy-8-methyl-9H-xanten-9-one. The last compound was the most active against S. aureus.

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Constituintes químicos de Bombacopsis glabra (bombacaceae)/ Chemical constituents of Bombacopsis glabra (bombacaceae)

Paula, Vanderlúcia F.; Cruz, Mariluze P.; Barbosa, Luiz C. de A.
2006-04-01

Resumo em inglês The chemical study of the barks of the stem and roots of Bombacopsis glabra (Bombacaceae) led to the isolation and identification of 5-hydroxy-3,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone (1), 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavone (2), the naphtoquinone isohemigossypolone (3), the ester triacontil p-coumarate (4) besides lupeol and a mixture of beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, including IR, ¹H and 13C NMR and MS. All these compounds, except 3, were isolated for the first time in the family.

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Constituintes químicos de Almeidea coerulea (Nees & Mart.) A. St.-Hil. Rutaceae/ Chemical constituents of Almeidea coerulea (Nees & Mart.) A. St.-Hil. Rutaceae

Cortez, Lucia Elaine Ranieri; Cortez, Diógenes Aparício Garcia; Ferreira, Antônio Gilberto; Vieira, Paulo Cezar; Silva, Maria Fátima das Garças Fernandes da; Fernandes, João Batista
2006-06-01

Resumo em português Do extrato diclorometano do caule de Almeidea coerulea (Nees & Mart.) A. St.-Hil. foi isolado um triterpeno o 20-hidroxi-diidrolupeol (1), e do extrato metanólico foram isolados os alcalóides dictamina (2) e eskimianina (3), além de uma mistura dos esteróides sitosterol (4) e estigmasterol (5). A identificção substâncias foi realizada pela análise dos espectros de Massas, RMN ¹H, RMN 13C, HSQC, HMBC, e por comparação com dados da literatura. Resumo em inglês From the dichloromethane extract of Almeidea coerulea stem one triterpene, 20-hydroxy-dihydrolupeol was isolated (1) and from the methanol extract the known alkaloids dictamnine (2) and skimmianine (3), as well the steroids sitosterol (4) and stigmasterol (5). The identification of these compounds was performed on the basis of spectroscopic analyses (MS, ¹H NMR, 13C NMR, HSQC and HMBC) as well as comparison with literature data.

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Constituintes químicos da raiz e do talo da folha do açaí (Euterpe precatoria Mart., Arecaceae)/ Chemical constituents from roots and leaf stalks of açaí (Euterpe precatoria Mart., Arecaceae)

Galotta, Ana Lúcia Queiroz de Assis; Boaventura, Maria Amélia Diamantino
2005-08-01

Resumo em inglês Phytochemical investigation of the hexane, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts of roots and leaf stalks of Euterpe precatoria Mart. ("açaí"), afforded stigmast-4-en-6beta-ol-3-one (3); p-hydroxy benzoic acid (4); 3beta-O-D-glucopyranosyl-sitosterol (5); beta-sitosterol palmitate (6); mixtures of beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol (1 and 2), alpha-, beta-amirin and lupeol (7, 8 and 9), friedelin-3-one and 28-hydroxy-friedelin-3-one (10 and 11) and alpha-, beta-D-glucose (mais) (12, 13). Except for 1, 2 and 4, the other isolated constituents are described in the genus for the first time. Compounds 3 and 5 gave good results in the brine shrimp bioassay, which detects compounds with potential uses as antitumor agents, pesticides, etc..

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Benzoquinonas, hidroquinonas e sesquiterpenos de Auxemma glazioviana/ Benzoquinones, hydroquinones and sesquiterpenes of Auxemma glazioviana

Costa, Jose Galberto M.; Pessoa, Otília Deusdênia L.; Monte, Francisco José Q.; Menezes, Eveline A.; Lemos, Telma Leda G.; Braz-Filho, Raimundo
2005-08-01

Resumo em inglês Two new compounds, 5 and 8, and an epimeric mixture 4a/4b were isolated from hardwood of Auxemma glazioviana. Their structures and relative configurations were determined by modern spectroscopic analysis to be rel-10alpha,11alpha-epoxy-11beta-ethoxy-8alpha- hydroxy-2-methoxy -8abeta-methyl-5,6,7,8,8a,9,10,10abeta-octahydro-1,4-anthracenedione (or rel-2R,2aR,5R,5aS ,10bS,10cS-2-ethoxy-5-hydroxy-8-methoxy-5a-methyl- 2a,3,4,5,5a,6,10b,10c-octahydro-2H-anthra[9,1-bc]furan-7,1 (mais) 0-dione, 4a), rel-10alpha,11alpha- epoxy-11alpha-ethoxy-8alpha-hydroxy-2-methoxy-8abeta-methyl-5,6,7,8,8a,9,10,10abeta-octahydro- 1,4-anthracenedione (or rel-2S,2aR,5R,5aS ,10bS,10cS-2-ethoxy-5-hydroxy-8-methoxy- 5a-methyl-2a,3,4,5,5a,6,10b10c-octahydro-2H-anthra[9,1-bc]furan-7,10-dione, 4b), rel-10alpha,11alpha-epoxy-8alpha,11-dihydroxy-2-methoxy-8abeta-methyl-5,6,7,8,8a,9,10,10abeta- octahydro-1,4-anthracenedione (or rel-2S,2aR,5R,5aS ,10bS,10cS-2,5-dihydroxy-8- methoxy-5a-methyl-2a,3,4,5,5a,6,10b,10c-octahydro-2H-anthra[9,1-bc]furan-7,10 -dione, 5) and rel-10,11-epoxy-8abeta-methyl-1,4,5alpha,9alpha-tetrahydroxy-5,6,7,8,8a,9,10,10a- octahydro-8-anthracenone (or rel-2aS,5aS,6R,10bR ,10c5-2a,6,7,10-tetrahydroxy-5a-methyl-2a,3,4,5,5a,6,10b,10c-octahydro-2H-anthra [9,1-bc]-furan-5-one, 8). In addition, known compounds were also isolated.

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Avaliação quantitativa de monoepoxiácidos, monocetoácidos e monohidroxiácidos em óleos e gorduras provenientes de fritura descontínua de batatas/ Quantitative evaluation of monoepoxyacids, monoketoacids and monohydroxyacids in fats and oils used in discontinuous frying of potatoes

Machado, Eliana Rodrigues; Marmesat, Susana; Dobarganes, María del Carmen; Abrantes, Shirley
2008-09-01

Resumo em português Na fritura, os óleos e gorduras sofrem degradação formando os compostos polares, como os triacilgliceróis polimerizados e os monômeros de triacilgliceróis oxidados, estes últimos têm sido relacionados a patologias e se constituem de grupos como os monoepoxiácidos, monocetoácidos e monohidroxiácidos. Foram determinados os teores destes três grupos de substâncias, através da análise cromatográfica a gás dos ésteres metílicos de ácidos graxos após deriva (mais) ção a frio das amostras e concentração posterior das substâncias de interesse mediante extração em fase sólida, e os teores dos ácidos graxos polares polimerizados, utilizando a combinação das técnicas cromatográficas de adsorção em coluna e por exclusão, em gordura de soja parcialmente hidrogenada e óleos de soja e de palma, aquecidos a 180 °C por 25 horas, provenientes de experimentos de fritura. Foram encontrados teores de 3,30 a 8,24; 1,51 a 4,32 e 3,42 a 8,71 mg.g-1 de monoepoxiácidos, monocetoácidos e monohidroxiácidos, respectivamente, nas amostras com níveis de compostos polares de 20,8 a 44,1% (m/m), e predominância de formação de polímeros. Os resultados sugeriram que óleos e gorduras monoinsaturados apresentam maior tendência à formação de monômeros oxidados e menor tendência à formação de polímeros, ao contrário dos óleos poliinsaturados. Resumo em inglês During frying, fats and oils undergo degradation with the formation of polar compounds. Among these are polymeric triglycerides, as well as oxidized monomeric triglycerides. The last group has been related to several diseases and contains groups including epoxy, keto and hydroxy groups of importance from a quantitative point of view. In this study, monoepoxyacids, monoketoacids and monohydroxyacids were quantified in partially hydrogenated soybean oil, soybean oil and pal (mais) m oil, after heating for 25 hours, at 180 °C, in frying experiments. The determination was carried out by gas chromatography after fat derivatization to fatty acid methyl esters at room temperature and concentration of the compounds of interest by solid phase extraction on silica cartridges. Quantitative analyses of polar fatty acids were also obtained by combination of adsorption and size exclusion chromatography. The major content corresponded to polymeric compounds. Amounts ranging from 3.30 to 8.24; from 1.51 to 4.32 and from 3.42 to 8.71 mg.g-1 were found for monoepoxyacids, monoketoacids and monohydroxyacids, respectively, for samples containing polar compounds between 20.8 and 44.1%. The results suggested that monounsaturated oils have a higher tendency to the formation of oxidized monomers while polyunsaturated oils have a higher tendency to the formation of polymers.

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Atividade antibacteriana de furanoeliangólidos/ Antibacterial activity of furanoeliangolides

Saúde, D. A.; Barrero, A. F.; Oltra, J. E.; Justicia, J.; Raslan, D. S.; Silva, E. A.
2002-01-01

Resumo em português As lactonas sesquiterpênicas licnofólido (1) e eremantólido C (2) e alguns derivados: 1 ,2 -epóxieremantólido C (3), 1 β -hidróxi-2,3-diidroeremantólido C (4), 3 - hidróxieremantólido C (5), cloreto de 4,5-diidroeremantólido-5-n-propilamônio (6) e 1 β -hidróxi- 2,3-diidrolicnofólido (7) foram testadas contra as bactérias Enterococus faecalis S48, Bacillus subtilis CECT 397, Staphylococus aureus ATCC 8, Salmonella typhymurium LT2, Escherichia coli U9 e Proteus sp. Os compostos 1, 4, 5 e 7 apresentaram atividade antibacteriana. Resumo em inglês Sesquiterpene lactones lychnopholide (1) and eremantholide C (2) and some derivatives: 1 ,2 -epoxyeremantholide C (3), 1 β -hidroxy-2,3-dihydroeremantolide C (4), 3 -hydroxyeremantholide C (5), 5-n- propylamonium- 4,5-dihydroeremantholide C chloride (6) and 1 β -hydroxy-2,3- dihydrolychnopholide (7) were tested against Enterococus faecalis S48, Bacillus subtilis CECT 397, Staphylococus aureus ATCC 8, Salmonella typhymurium LT2, Escherichia coli U9 e Proteus sp. Compounds 1, 4, 5 and 7 showed activity.

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Análise de naftoquinonas em extratos brutos de raízes de Zeyheria montana M. (bolsa-de-pastor)/ Analysis of naphtoquimones in Zeyheria montana crude extracts (bolsa-de-pastor)

Jácome, Rose Lisieux. R. Paiva; Oliveira, Alaíde Braga de; Raslan, Délio S.; Müller, Andreas; Wagner, Hildebert
1999-04-01

Resumo em inglês Four naphthoquinones, lapachol, a-lapachone, dehydro-a-lapachone and 4-hydroxy-a-lapachone were isolated from the ethanol extract of Zeyheria montana M. roots (Bignoniaceae) and were identified by spectroscopic methods. These naphthoquinones, except 4-hydroxy-a-lapachone, were quantified by HPLC, in the crude ethanol extracts of Z. montana roots. The separation of lapachol, a-lapachone and dehydro-a-lapachone was achieved and these compounds were identified in the chromat (mais) ograms by their retention times and by their on line UV-spectra. The quantification of the three naphthoquinones, in four different samples showed medium contents of 11,0 mg of lapachol, 6,1 mg of a-lapachone and 4,3 mg of dehydro-a-lapachone, in 100 mg of Z.montana roots.

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Alcaloides β-indolopiridoquinazolínicos de Esenbeckia grandiflora mart. (Rutaceae)/ Indolopyridoquinazoline alkaloids from Esenbeckia grandiflora mart. (Rutaceae)

Januário, Ana Helena; Vieira, Paulo Cezar; Silva, Maria Fátima das Graças Fernandes da; Fernandes, João Batista; Silva, Jorge José de Brito; Conserva, Lucia Maria
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês The chemical composition of two specimens of Esenbeckia grandiflora, collected in the south and northeast regions of Brazil, was investigated. In this study, three β-indolopyridoquinazoline alkaloids from the leaves (rutaecarpine, 1-hydroxyrutaecarpine) and roots (euxylophoricine D) were isolated for the first time in this genus. In addition, the triterpenes α-amyrin, β-amyrin, α-amyrenonol, β-amyrenonol, 3α-hydroxy-ursan-12-one, and 3α- (mais) hydroxy-12,13-epoxy-oleanane, the coumarins auraptene, umbelliferone, pimpinelin, and xanthotoxin, the furoquinoline alkaloids delbine and kokusaginine, and the phytosteroids sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol and 3β-O-β-D-glucopyranosylsitosterol were also isolated from the leaves, twigs, roots and stems of this species. Structures of these compounds were established by spectral analysis.

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