Sample records for heterocyclic acids
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 3 shown.



1

Formação de toxinas durante o processamento de alimentos e as possíveis conseqüências para o organismo humano/ Toxin formation during food processing and possible consequences to the human body

Marques, Anne y Castro; Valente, Tessa Bitencourt; Rosa, Cláudia Severo da
2009-04-01

Resumo em português A produção de alimentos envolve inúmeras reações químicas, durante as quais podem ser geradas substâncias tóxicas ao organismo humano. A produção destas substâncias pode ocorrer de diferentes maneiras, variando em quantidade e em grau de toxicidade. Este trabalho objetivou estudar a produção de toxinas no processamento de alimentos, assim como as conseqüências da ingestão dessas substâncias para o ser humano. O estudo foi realizado a partir de extensa pes (mais) quisa bibliográfica. As principais reações na formação de compostos tóxicos apresentadas no decorrer do estudo são: degradação de lipídios, hidrogenação, pirólise e defumação. Entre as substâncias formadas, destacam-se: peróxidos, ácidos graxos trans, aminas heterocíclicas e hidrocarbonetos aromáticos policíclicos. O profissional nutricionista necessita conhecer como ocorre a formação de toxinas durante os variados processamentos que envolvem alimentos, assim como os riscos para a saúde de quem consome essas substâncias. Também é preciso propor técnicas de processamento adequadas, visando ao bem-estar do consumidor e à manutenção das propriedades nutricionais do alimento. Resumo em inglês Food production involves innumerable chemical reactions that may generate substances that are toxic to the human body. These substances can be produced in different ways, in varying amounts and degree of toxicity. The objective of this study was to investigate the production of toxins during food processing, as well as theconsequences of their ingestion. This study was based on extensive literature research. The main reactions leading to toxic compounds are: lipid degrada (mais) tion, hydrogenation, pyrolysis and smoking. Some of the formed substances are: peroxides, trans fatty acids, heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Dietitians need to know how toxins form during the various foods processing methods, as well as their health risks for consumers. It is also necessary to propose processing techniques that ensure the consumer's wellbeing and retain the nutritional properties of the food.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

2

Contribuições recentes da reação de hidroformilação na síntese de produtos farmacêuticos: parte II/ Current improvement to the synthesis of pharmaceuticals by hydrofor-mylation reaction: part II

Botteghi, Carlo; Marchetti, Mauro; Del Ponte, Gino
1997-02-01

Resumo em inglês The hydroformylation reaction represents one of the most important C1-chemistry area in the chemical industry. This catalytic process, which has been developed up to now mainly to the production of commodities chemicals, has shown a remarkable potential for the preparation of several categories of specialty chemicals and in particular pharmaceutical compounds. Arylpropanoic acids, various amines containing aryl groups, and intermediates for the preparation of vitamins, ca (mais) rbocyclic and heterocyclic compounds and many other classes of organic molecules endowed with pharmacological activity are currently accessible in good-to-high yields through hydroformylation of selected olefinic substrates. The asymmetric hydroformylation is going to reach the stage of maturity and hence to contribute in solving many troublesome synthetic problems connected with the preparation of pharmacologically active compounds with very high enantiomeric purity. The present survey emphasizes the usefulness of synthesis gas as a starting material in fine chemistry, which is expected to be important for industry.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

3

Componentes voláteis do café torrado. Parte II. Compostos alifáticos, alicíclicos e aromáticos/ Volatile components in roasted coffee. Part II. Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic compounds

Moreira, Ricardo Felipe Alves; Trugo, Luiz Carlos; De Maria, Carlos Alberto Bastos
2000-04-01

Resumo em inglês This review is about the aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic compounds (non-heterocyclic compounds) that are present in the volatile fractions of roasted coffees. Herein, the contents, aroma precursors and the sensorial properties of volatile phenols, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, ethers, hydrocarbons, carboxylic acids, anhydrides, esters, lactones, amines and sulphur compounds are discussed. Special attention is given to the compounds of these groups that are actually important to the final aroma of roasted coffees.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)