Sample records for health public
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37

Divórcio entre teoria e prática: o sistema de treinamento em saúde pública nos Estados Unidos/ Divorce between theory and practice: the system of public health training in the United States

Fee, Elizabeth
2008-06-01

Resumo em português Muitos analistas têm criticado a profunda separação entre saúde pública como é ensinada nas escolas de saúde pública e a praticada nos órgãos governamentais. Nos Estados Unidos, muitos membros do corpo docente de escolas de saúde pública jamais trabalharam em órgãos de saúde pública, poucos dos que trabalham em órgãos públicos têm certificados de escolas de saúde pública e a maioria recebe treinamento no local de trabalho. Este artigo busca identific (mais) ar as raízes desta separação ou "divórcio entre teoria e prática". Mostra que a década de 1930 foi o principal período da educação em saúde pública voltada à comunidade, quando o peso da Grande Depressão e a verba disponibilizada pelo governo federal através da legislação do New Deal incentivaram programas de treinamento prático vinculados a comunidades locais e órgãos públicos. O "divórcio" teve início no período do pós-guerra como uma conseqüência não intencional do sistema de alocação de verbas para a educação médica e a pesquisa, em um momento de impopularidade generalizada da saúde pública durante a era McCarthy. As escolas de saúde pública eram, de modo geral, ignoradas na década de 1950 e começaram a adaptar a estratégia ainda vigente de usar verbas federais de pesquisa para ampliar seu corpo docente e instalações. Resumo em inglês Many analysts have complained about the severe disconnect between public health as it is taught in schools of public health and public health as it is practiced in health departments. At least in the United States, few faculty members teaching in schools of public health have ever worked in public health departments. By the same token, few of those working in public health departments have degrees from schools of public health; most receive on-the-job training. This histo (mais) ry traces the roots of this disconnect or "divorce between theory and practice." It finds that the 1930s were the prime years of community-based public health education, when the pressure of the Depression and the funding newly made available from the federal government by New Deal legislation encouraged practical training programs linked to local communities and health departments. The "divorce" began in the post-war period as an unintended consequence of the system for funding medical education and research at a time of general unpopularity of public health during the McCarthy era. Schools of public health were generally ignored in the 1950s and they began to adapt the strategy that continues today, of using research grants, primarily from the National Institutes of Health, to grow their faculty and facilities.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

38

Divórcio entre teoria e prática: o sistema de treinamento em saúde pública nos Estados Unidos/ Divorce between theory and practice: the system of public health training in the United States

Fee, Elizabeth
2008-06-01

Resumo em português Muitos analistas têm criticado a profunda separação entre saúde pública como é ensinada nas escolas de saúde pública e a praticada nos órgãos governamentais. Nos Estados Unidos, muitos membros do corpo docente de escolas de saúde pública jamais trabalharam em órgãos de saúde pública, poucos dos que trabalham em órgãos públicos têm certificados de escolas de saúde pública e a maioria recebe treinamento no local de trabalho. Este artigo busca identific (mais) ar as raízes desta separação ou "divórcio entre teoria e prática". Mostra que a década de 1930 foi o principal período da educação em saúde pública voltada à comunidade, quando o peso da Grande Depressão e a verba disponibilizada pelo governo federal através da legislação do New Deal incentivaram programas de treinamento prático vinculados a comunidades locais e órgãos públicos. O "divórcio" teve início no período do pós-guerra como uma conseqüência não intencional do sistema de alocação de verbas para a educação médica e a pesquisa, em um momento de impopularidade generalizada da saúde pública durante a era McCarthy. As escolas de saúde pública eram, de modo geral, ignoradas na década de 1950 e começaram a adaptar a estratégia ainda vigente de usar verbas federais de pesquisa para ampliar seu corpo docente e instalações. Resumo em inglês Many analysts have complained about the severe disconnect between public health as it is taught in schools of public health and public health as it is practiced in health departments. At least in the United States, few faculty members teaching in schools of public health have ever worked in public health departments. By the same token, few of those working in public health departments have degrees from schools of public health; most receive on-the-job training. This histo (mais) ry traces the roots of this disconnect or "divorce between theory and practice." It finds that the 1930s were the prime years of community-based public health education, when the pressure of the Depression and the funding newly made available from the federal government by New Deal legislation encouraged practical training programs linked to local communities and health departments. The "divorce" began in the post-war period as an unintended consequence of the system for funding medical education and research at a time of general unpopularity of public health during the McCarthy era. Schools of public health were generally ignored in the 1950s and they began to adapt the strategy that continues today, of using research grants, primarily from the National Institutes of Health, to grow their faculty and facilities.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

81

The utility of screening for perinatal depression in the second trimester among Chinese: a three-wave prospective longitudinal study

Lau, Ying; Wong, Keung Fu Daniel; Chan, Sin Kin

This paper aims to study the pattern of perinatal depressive symptomatology and determine the predictive power of second trimester perinatal depressive symptoms for future perinatal periods. A population-based sample of 2,178 women completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in the sec...

DRIVER (Portuguese)

88

Portuguese version of the standardized Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire: cross cultural and reliability

Mesquita, Cristina Carvalho; Ribeiro, José Carlos; Moreira, Pedro

Background: The self-administered questionnaires are fundamental for clinical assessment and research. The accessibility and constant use of recognized questionnaires in different languages facilitates the compilation of reliable data in international multicentre studies. Aim: The purpose of this st...

DRIVER (Portuguese)

90

Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005

do Carmo, Isabel; dos Santos, Osvaldo; Camolas, José; Vieira, João; Carreira, Mário; Medina, Luís; Reis, Lima; Myatt, John

Obesity is an endemic health problem in most developed countries, requiring serious public health attention. The first Portuguese nationwide representative survey about obesity (with objective anthropometric measurement) was undertaken from 1995 to 1998. This paper presents data coming from the seco...

DRIVER (Portuguese)

91

Obesity and adolescent lifestyles : a 6-year longitudinal study in Portuguese boys and girls

Leitão, Raquel; Rodrigues, Luís; Neves, Luísa; Carvalho, Graça Simões de

There has been increasing research on the relationships between adolescent lifestyle and obesity in Portuguese youth. However, most studies have been cross-sectional. We aimed to investigate food habits, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and psychosocial characteristics in adolescents with diff...

DRIVER (Portuguese)

99

Competition and quality in regulated markets : a differential-game approach

Brekke, Kurt R.; Cellini, Roberto; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune

We investigate the effect of competition on quality in regulated markets (e.g., health care, higher education, public utilities) taking a differential game approach, in which quality is a stock variable. Using a Hotelling framework, we derive the open-loop solution (providers commit to an optimal in...

DRIVER (Portuguese)

103

Cervical cytology use in portuguese urban women

Santos, Carla Susana Lima Matos Alves dos

DRIVER (Portuguese)

108

Beggars, vagrants and Roma: repression and persecution in the Portuguese society (14th-18th centuries)

Abreu, Laurinda

Análise das políticas da Coroa portuguesa contra a mendicidade e a vagabundagem, contextualizadas em termos europeus.

DRIVER (Portuguese)

109

Assessment of global cardiovascular risk and risk factors in Portugal according to the SCORE® model

Martins, Sofia de Oliveira; Silva, Polybio Serra e; Papoila, Ana; Caramona, Margarida; Mil, Jan Foppe van; Cabrita, José

Abstract Background/objective Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality in European countries. This study aimed at estimating the 10-year risk of fatal CVD in Portuguese adults and to assess the prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors, according to the SCORE® risk pre...

DRIVER (Portuguese)

110

Assessing Hospital Efficiency: Non-parametric Evidence for Portugal

Afonso, António; Fernandes, Sónia

We compute DEA efficiency scores and Malmquist indexes for a panel data set comprising 68 Portuguese public hospitals belonging to the National Health System (NHS) in the period 2000-2005, when several units started being run in an entrepreneurial framework. With data on hospital services' and resou...

DRIVER (Portuguese)

119

Oliviera, Monica; Magone, José M; Pereira, João A

DRIVER (Portuguese)