Sample records for fish scales
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 10 shown.



1

Caracterização de escamas do peixe piau (Leporinus elongatus) e sua aplicação na remoção de Cu(II) de meio aquoso/ Characterization of the piau fish (Leporinus elongatus) scales and their application to remove Cu(II) from aqueous solutions

Santos, Elias de Barros; Vieira, Eunice Fragoso da Silva; Cestari, Antonio Reinaldo; Barreto, Ledjane Silva
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês Characterization of fish scales of Leporinus elongatus and their application in the removal of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions are described. It was observed that the scales are mainly formed by hydroxyapatite and type I collagen. Adsorption of Cu(II) was performed using batch experiments at 25 0C. The ANOVA statistical results have shown that the Langmuir model was successful applied to determine the maximum adsorption capacity of 2.686 x10-4 mol g-1 and the Langmuir equil (mais) ibrium parameter (b) of 168.8 L mol-1. The Langmuir separation parameter, R L, has shown favorable adsorption of Cu(II) on the scales.

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2

Efeito do peso de abate nos rendimentos do processamento da piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus, Valenciennes, 1849)/ Effect of body weight on processing yields of piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus Valenciennes, 1849)

Freato, Thiago Archangelo; Freitas, Rilke Tadeu Fonseca de; Santos, Vander Bruno dos; Logato, Priscila Vieira Rosa; Viveiros, Ana Tereza de Mendonça
2005-06-01

Resumo em português Objetivou-se, com o presente trabalho, avaliar o efeito do peso de abate sobre os rendimentos do processamento do peixe teleósteo piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus, Valenciennes, 1849). Inicialmente, alevinos com peso médio de 12 g, oriundos da Estação Experimental da Usina Hidrelétrica de Itutinga, foram estocados e cultivados em um viveiro de terra na Estação de Piscicultura do Departamento de Zootecnia da Universidade Federal de Lavras. Ao final de 18 meses de cul (mais) tivo, 121 peixes foram insensibilizados, abatidos, pesados e dissecados, para a determinação das porcentagens de cabeça (%CAB), nadadeiras (%NAD), vísceras (%VIS), pele com escamas (%PE), e resíduos da filetação (%RF) e dos rendimentos de carcaça (RCAR) e de filé sem pele (RFSP), em relação ao peso de abate. Para as análises de variância, os dados obtidos foram agrupados em 4 classes de peso (CP1=515 g a 629 g; CP2=630 g a 744 g; CP3=745 g a 859 g; e CP4=860 g a 975 g) e as equações de regressão estimadas em função do peso médio de cada classe. Não foi constatado (P>0,05) efeito de classe de peso sobre RCAR, %NAD e %PE. Por outro lado, observaram-se efeito linear do peso de abate sobre %CAB (P Resumo em inglês The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of body weight on processing yields of a teleost fish piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus, Valenciennes, 1849). Firstly, fingerlings were reared in ponds in the Fish Culture of the Animal Sciences Department, Federal University of Lavras, M.G. - Brazil, for 18 months. Then, 121 fishes were insensibilized, slaughtered, weighed and dissected, in order to determine the percentages of head (%CAB), fins (%NAD), visceras (%VIS) (mais) , skin with scales (%PE), and fillet residues (%RF), and the carcass yield (RCAR) and fillet without skin yield (RFSP), in relation to body weight. For analyses of variances, data were distributed over four weight classes (CP1 = 515 to 629g; CP2 = 630 to 744g; CP3 = 745 to 859g; and CP4 = 860 to 975g) and the regression equations were estimated in function of mean weight of each class. There was no effect (P>0,05) of weight class on RCAR, %NAD and %PE. However, a linear effect of body weight on %CAB (P

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3

Estimativa do tamanho de duas espécies de ciclídeos (Osteichthyes, Perciformes) predados por Lontra longicaudis (Olfers) (Carnivora, Mustelidae), através de análise das escamas/ Size estimation of two species of Ciclids (Ostheichthyes, Perciformes) predated by Lontra longicaudis (Olfers) (Carnivora, Mustelidae) through scale analysis

Kasper, Carlos Benhur; Salvi, Juliana; Grillo, Hamilton César Zanardi
2004-09-01

Resumo em português O presente estudo foi realizado no Vale do Taquari, região central do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, sul do Brasil. Entre dezembro de 2001 e dezembro de 2002 foi realizado um estudo sobre a predação de Cichlidae por Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818) através de análise das escamas encontradas nas fezes de lontra. Foi identificada a predação sobre Gimnogeophagus labiatus (Hensel, 1870) e Crenicichla punctata Hensel, 1870, e a ocorrência destas espécies de peixe na di (mais) eta é mais elevada do que sua disponibilidade relativa no ambiente. Foi encontrada uma correlação positiva entre o tamanho do peixe e das escamas, permitindo a construção de uma curva de regressão para estimar o tamanho dos peixes predados baseado no tamanho das escamas encontradas nas fezes de lontra. Neste estudo, os ciclídeos mais frequentemente predados variaram no comprimento entre 100 e 150 mm e no peso entre 22 e 37 g. Resumo em inglês The present study was carried out in the Taquari Valley, central region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Southern Brazil. Between December 2001 and December 2002 a study about the predation of Cichlidae by Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818) was performed through scale analysis found in otter scats. Predation was indentified about Gimnogeophagus labiatus (Hensel, 1870) and Crenicichla punctata Hensel, 1870, and the occurence of these fish species in the diet were higher than the (mais) relative availability in the environment. A positive correlation between fish and scale sizes was found, allowing to build a regression curve to estimate the size of predated fish, based on scales found in otter scats. In this study ciclids most frequently predated varied in lenght from 100 and 150 mm and in weight from 22 to 37,6 g.

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4

Estudo experimental sobre anéis diários em escamas nas fases iniciais do desenvolvimento do curimba, Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1836) (Characiformes, Prochilodontidae)/ Daily rings in scales during the initial phases of the development of the curimba, Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1836) (Characiforms, Prochilodontidae)

DOMINGUES, W. M.; HAYASHI, C.
1998-11-01

Resumo em português Neste trabalho, estuda-se experimentalmente o crescimento nas primeiras fases de vida do curimba, Prochilodus lineatus (VALENCIENNES, 1836), pela análise das escamas e tamanho dos peixes. Acompanha-se o surgimento das primeiras escamas e a formação dos anéis "diários", relacionando-os com o tamanho e a idade dos indivíduos. Os resultados mostram que as escamas foram observadas a partir do vigésimo dia em indivíduos que apresentaram tamanhos superiores a 11,2 mm. I (mais) sto permitiu a elaboração de uma equação, relacionando o número de escleritos das escamas, a idade dos indivíduos criados em condições experimentais e o dia do ano em que o exemplar (selvagem) foi capturado, resultando no seu dia aproximado de nascimento/eclosão. Outro resultado foi a identificação de duas fases de desenvolvimento, com taxas distintas de crescimento, sendo a primeira compreendida entre o 1º até o 18º dia e a segunda do 19º até o 70º dia. Resumo em inglês Growth in the early stages of the curimba, Prochilodus lineatus through the analysis of scales and body size is provided. The emergence of the first scales and the formation of daily rings are related to the size and age of individuals. Scales were observed from the 20th day in individuals over 11.2 mm. An equation was obtained relating the number of daily rings of the scales, age of the individuals reared in captivity and the day of the year in which the fish was capture (mais) d, leading to its approximate day of birth/hatching. Two phases of development with different growth rates were determined: the first comprising the period between the 1st and 18th day; the second between the 19th and the 70th day.

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5

Idade e crescimento de Lopholatilus villarii Ribeiro no Sudeste do Brasil (Osteichthyes, Malacanthidae)/ Age and growth of Lopholatilus villarii Ribeiro at Southeast of Brazil (Osteichthyes, Malacanthidae)

Carvalho, Maria Odete Ximenes; Tubino, Rafael de Almeida; Paiva, Melquíades Pinto; Andrade-Tubino, Magda Fernandes de; Fonteles-Filho, Antônio Adauto
1998-12-01

Resumo em inglês The tilefish, Lopholatihis villarii Ribeiro, 1915 is a commercially-important demersal fish, in the Southeast Brazil, inhabiting calcareous and rocky substrates of the outer shelf and upper continental slope. This study was based on readings of the scale's age rings of 153 especimens, caught from March, 1995 to March, 1996. Scales were found to grow on an isometric proportion with fish length, and age rings are formed betvveen the third and fourth trimesters (winter and s (mais) pring). The age groups of sampled fish varied from II to X years, and the growth equation in total length (cm) is Lt = I 13.4 [1-e -0.144 (t+ 1.4)] w ith the correspondem one in weight (kg): W, = 22.5[1-e -0.144 (1 + 14)]3 184 obtained from the weight/length regression equation: ln W = -11.95 + 3.184 In L. The tilefish has a low growth coefficient (K = 0.144), typical of camivorous specics of the fourth trophic levei, and it may reach, theoretically, 41 years of age.

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6

HAMBÚRGUERES FORMULADOS COM BASE PROTÉICA DE PESCADO/ HAMBURGERS FORMULATES WITH FISH PROTEIN BASE

SIMÕES, D.R.S.; PEDROSO, M.A.; AUGUSTO RUIZ, W.; ALMEIDA, T.L.
1998-10-01

Resumo em português A recuperação das proteínas de pescado, de espécies de baixo valor comercial ou de subprodutos de sua industrialização, constitui-se em ma alternativa promissora para a elaboração de produtos alimentícios de alta qualidade nutricional e economicamente viáveis. O objetivo deste trabalho foi obter uma Base-Protéica-de-Pescado (BPP) que permitisse elaborar hambúrgueres com diferentes sabores. Pela disponibilidade e baixo custo de matéria-prima foi utilizada a pe (mais) scada (Cynoscion striatus). A parte comestível, essencialmente músculo, foi submetida a sucessivas lavagens para retirar matéria solúvel e odores característicos, controlando-se as variáveis: solvente, soluto/solvente, tempo, temperatura, regime de agitação e número de ciclos de lavagens. A matéria-prima e BPP foram caracterizadas pelas propriedades físico-químicas e microbiológicas. O tratamento estatístico dos resultados, mediante modelo fatorial, permitiu verificar que é possível obter uma BPP, principalmente sem o sabor e odor característico do pescado, utilizando uma parte de soluto para cada duas de solvente, independente do tempo do ciclo de lavagens. A BPP foi utilizada para elaborar seis diferentes tipos de hambúrgueres e, mediante avaliação sensorial, utilizando escala hedônica para sabor, ficou evidenciada a aceitação de todos esses produtos não havendo preferência por um específico. Os resultados experimentais levam a concluir que a BPP, obtida a partir da pescada, pode ser utilizada na elaboração de hambúrgueres com bons atributos sensoriais e nutricionais. Resumo em inglês The utilization of fish protein, from species of low commercial value or subproducts of industrialization, became a promising alternative for the food products development with high nutritive quality and economically feasible. The goal of this work was to obtain a Fish Protein Base (FPB) wich allowed preparation of different flavors of hamburgers. Whting Cynoscion striatu was used, due to the availability and low cost of raw material. The eatable part, essentially muscle, (mais) was submitted to successive washes to remove dissolvable matter and peculiar smell, maintaining under control the following variables: solvente, solute/solvent, time, temperature, agitating pattern and number of washing cycles. The raw material and FPB were characterized by their physical-chemical and microbiological properties. The statistic treatment, through factorial analysis, verified the conclusion that is possible to obtain an FPB, without the flavor or the peculiar smelling of fish, handling one part of solute for every two parts of solvent, independent on time and washing cycles. The FPB was utilized to elaborate six different types of hamburgers. By sensory evaluation, using hedonic scales for flavor, the acceptance of all these products was observed, without specific preference for one or another. The experimental results lead to the conclusion that whiting FPB, can be used to elaborate hamburgers with good sensorial and nutrition atributes.

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7

Estudo dos vestígios de peixes dos sítios arqueológicos da área de influência da Usina Hidrelétrica Machadinho, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil/ A study of fish traces taken from the archaeological sites of the areas surrounding the Machadinho Hydroelectric power station, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Ricken, Cláudio; Malabarba, Luiz Roberto
2009-09-01

Resumo em inglês The analysis of the material obtained in the rescue of archaeological sites in the area surrounding the Hydroelectric Plant of Machadinho, Rio Grande do Sul, revealed that a considerable amount of bones and fish scales incorporated in the alimentary remains. Using an osteological collection as reference, we identified remains of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier, 1816) (Characidae), Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes, 1849) (Characidae), Pogonopoma obscurum Quevedo & Reis, 2002 (mais) (Loricariidae), Hemiancistrus fuliginosus Cardoso & Malabarba, 1999, Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1836) (Prochilodontidae), Schizodon sp. (Anostomidae), Leporinus sp. (Anostomidae), Hoplias sp. (Erythrinidae), Hypostomus sp. (Loricariidae) and Crenicichla sp. (Cichlidae). Based on specimens from fish collections, regressions were obtained comparing the size of the pre-maxillary bone in Crenicichla spp. and the length of the pectoral fin spine of Hemiancistrus fuliginosus, Pogonopoma obscurum and Hypostomus spp, with the standard length and weight of corresponding specimens. The estimated size and weight of the specimens obtained from fish remains in the archaeological sites varied between 79.7-153.9 mm and 13.5-33.9 g for Hemiancistrus fuliginosus, 158.2-151.0 mm and 179.5-194.3 g for Pogonopoma obscurum, 117.1-166.2 mm and 86.6-93.1 g for Crenicichla spp., and 62.2-397.2 mm and 34-20.3 g for Hypostomus spp. Therefore using these estimates of standard lengths and weights it was possible to formulate a hypotheses on the fishing technology used by the inhabitants of these sites.

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8

Efeito da suplementação da dieta com NaCl no crescimento de tilápia Oreochromis niloticus cultivada em diferentes salinidades/ Effect of supplemental dietary sodium chloride on growth rate of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus reared in variable salinities

Fontaínhas-Fernandes, A.; Gomes, E.; Reis-Henriques, M.A.; Coimbra, J.
2002-04-01

Resumo em português Este estudo foi realizado com o objectivo de testar o efeito de uma dieta suplementada com cloreto de sódio no crescimento de tilápia Oreochromis niloticus cultivada em água doce e em água salobra a 10 e 20‰. Foi fornecida uma dieta suplementada com 8% de NaCl durante o período de aclimatação de três semanas. Após esse período, os peixes foram diretamente transferidos para tanques com água doce e água salobra a 10 e 20‰, para o estudo do crescimento de 180 d (mais) ias. A suplementação com NaCl aumentou o crescimento dos peixes cultivados em água doce nos primeiros 30 dias (P Resumo em inglês This trial was conducted to test the effect of supplemental dietary sodium chloride on growth of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus reared in freshwater or 10 and 20‰ brackish water (BW). High salt diets supplemented with 8% of NaCl were fed to tilapia for a period of three weeks. After this acclimatization period they were transferred to salinities and the growth rate was recorded over a 180-day-period. Dietary supplementation with NaCl improved the growth rate of fish kept (mais) in freshwater at 30 days (P

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9

Dieta da pirambeba Serrasalmus brandtii Reinhardt (Teleostei, Characidae) em quatro lagoas marginais do rio São Francisco, Brasil/ Diet of pirambeba Serrasalmus brandtii Reinhardt (Teleostei, Characidae) in four floodplain lakes in São Francisco river, Brazil

Pompeu, Paulo dos Santos
1999-01-01

Resumo em inglês The diet of pirambeba Serrasalmus brandtii Reinhardt 1874 was studied in four floodplain lakes in São Francisco river. The main food items consumed were chunks of fish flesh, small fishes, scales, fins and aquatic insects. Trophic ontogeny was observed in all lakes. The amount of fishes in the diet of S. brandtii increased with the length of the individuals, while the amount of aquatics insects, fins and scales decreased. Aquatic insects were consumed in greater proportion during the wet season. Fish ingestion, including scales and fins, was correlated with the abundance of fishes.

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10

Biologia do saguirú (Characidae, Curimatinae)

Azevedo, P. de; Dias, M. Vianna; Vieira, B. Borges
1938-01-01

Resumo em inglês In Brazil all the fishes belonging to the sub-family Curimatinae are called « saguirú ». The present work gives a biological study of the Curimatus elegans Steind., a small fish without any economical importance, which is to be found along the whole brazilian coast, down till Paraguay. The specimens utilized for the present study come from Fortaleza (Ceará, north-eastern Brazil). The C. elegans is « ilyophagus », that means, it feeds itself exclusively with those or (mais) ganic materials to be found in mud, specially with microscopical algae. The intestines are very extent, some of them measuring about 9 to 11 times body's length. Studies have been made about growth and age of the C. elegans; the biggest sizes found were of 153 mm. for females and 88 mm. for males. The C. elegans shows developed sexual glands during a long period (April to September). The movements of the spermatozoa, in contact with water is of 40 to 50 seconds of intense movements, ceasing after 70 to 100 seconds. In contact with 0.5% NaCl-solution spermatozoa show a big increase in movements-time, that can last till about 25 minutes. The eggs' diameter measures 0.70 to 0.73 mm., mature and hydrated it attains 0.93 to 1,00 mm. There is a certain correlation between the size of the body and the quantity of eggs. Big specimens can produce a total of 200.000 eggs. The average quantity contained in 1 gr. and 1 cc. is 6018 and 6229 eggs, respectively. Maturity and spawning in laboratory has been obtained due to injections of suspension of fish-hypophysis. Three or four hours after the injection, fishes show more movement and evident signs of excitation, proceeding spawning after 5 to 6 hours. Males, persecuting females, describe successive circles (merry-go-round) - carroussel), swimming side by side with females up to water's surface, where sexual products are start beating dry, for there is no blood yet. Circulation-scheme is to be found on fig. 4 and 5. The swim-bladder and the stomach are but delineated; the intestine is formed by a cylindric tube, all closed. At the place, where later on there will open the mouth, we find a group of ciliary hairs that produce a liquid current, very evident by the semi-circle formed by attached solid particles. After 36 hours, opening of the mouth and formation of the gill slits begin. At the age of 90 hours (4 mm.) the larvas swim well and start to feed themselves; the digestive tube is now all open and the swimbladder works already. During the first days of life, larvas have an adhesive organ situated at their frontal region (fig. 7) in form of a crescent, by means of which they hang to surrounding vegetation (fig. 6). When the larva begins to swim and to feed itself and its yolk are having been absorbed. the adhesive organ retracts and disappears. While larvas and alevins feed themselves with plancton, they have small eye-teeth, which disappear,. when fishes become « ilyophagus ». There exist too, during their life as larvas, pharyngeal-teeth. The lateral line appears in the larva after 16 to 18 days; more or less at the same time all fins are completely developed. Shortly after, first scales appear (20 to 23 days). Evolution of intestines twisting followed (fig. 9). Larvas show at different parts of their bodies small of organs excretory functions, that are constituted by bottons in serial disposition, every one with an excretory canal that opens towards the outside. These formations disappear suddenly when larvas attain their phase of alevin. The existence of a great number of said formations at the caudal fin (fig. 12) is of great interest. In our experiences of breeding we have employed several thousands of C. elegans larvas in different environs and we made conditions of surrounding change (illumination), depth of water, temperature, presence of sand at bottom of aquariums and without sand, food). In this way we could compare the results obtained, estimate the action of each factor for the realisation of a good bring-up of larvas.

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