Sample records for epoxy compounds
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 7 shown.



1

Composição química volátil e não-volátil de Eupatorium ballotifolium Kunth, Asteraceae

Albuquerque, Maria Rose Jane R.; Santos, Hélcio S. dos; Souza, Elnatan B. de; Silva, Rochanne M. da; Menezes, Jane Eire Silva A. de; Pessoa, Otília Deusdênia L.; Braz-Filho, Raimundo; Costa, Sônia Maria O.
2010-09-01

Resumo em português Este trabalho descreve a composição química dos óleos essenciais e o isolamento de onze substâncias de Eupatorium ballotifolium Kunth, Asteraceae. Os óleos essenciais foram obtidos por hidrodestilação, analisados por CG-EM e avaliados quanto às suas atividades frente à enzima acetilcolinesterase. O rendimento dos óleos foi de 0,11% para as folhas e 0,03% para os talos. Os principais constituintes dos óleos foram os sesquiterpenos β-cariofileno (24,9 e 22, (mais) 2%), espatulenol (17,7 e 12,4%) e epóxi-allo-aromadendreno (23,0 e 23,6%). Do extrato hexânico da parte aérea foi isolada a mistura de β-sitosterol e estigmasterol, incluindo suas formas glicosiladas, e os triterpenos acetato de taraxasterila e taraxasterol, enquanto, do extrato etanólico foram isolados os flavonóides nepetina and 3-O-glicosil-quercetina. Do extrato hexânico das raízes foram isolados os triterpenos epi-friedelanol e damara-20,24-dien-3β-ol e do extrato etanólico a cumarina 11-hidroxi-11,12-di-hidroobliquina. As estruturas de todos os compostos foram determinadas usando técnicas espectroscópica tais como IV, EM e RMN ¹H e 13C. Resumo em inglês This work describes the chemical composition of the essential oils and the isolation of eleven substances from Eupatorium ballotifolium Kunth, Asteraceae. The essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation, analyzed by GC/MS and evaluated towards the acetylcholinesterase enzyme. The oils yield was of 0.11% for the leaves and 0.03% for the stems. The main constituents of the oils were the sesquiterpenes β-caryophyllene (24.9 and 22.2%), spathulenol (17.7 and 12.4%) (mais) and epoxy-allo-aromadendrene (23.0 and 23.6%). From the hexane extract of the aerial part were isolated a mixture of sitosterol and stigmasterol, its glucosides, and the triterpenes taraxasteryl acetate and taraxasterol, while from the ethanol extract were obtained the flavonoids nepetin and 3-O-glucoside-quercetin. The triterpenes epi-friedelanol and dammara-20,24-dien-3β-ol were obtained from the hexane extract of roots, while the coumarin 11-hydroxy-11,12-di-hydroobliquine was obtained from the ethanol extract. The structures of all compounds were determinate based on spectroscopic methods such as IR, MS and ¹H and 13C NMR

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2

Fenilpropanóides e outros constituintes bioativos de Nectandra megapotamica/ Phenylpropanoids and other bioactive constituents from Nectandra megapotamica

Garcez, Fernanda R.; Garcez, Walmir S.; Hamerski, Lidilhone; Miguita, Carlos Henrique
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês From the trunk bark of Nectandra megapotamica (Lauraceae) four phenylpropanoids, elemicin, isoelemicin, (±)-erythro-1-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-1,2-propanediol and (±)-threo-1-(3,4,5-trimetoxyphenyl)-1,2-propanediol have been isolated, in addition to 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid, (-)-epicatechin and trans-1(10)-epoxy-4(15)-caryophyllene. The diastereoisomeric erythro- and threo- phenylpropanoids are being reported for the first time in a plant taxon as well as the occurr (mais) ence of the other compounds in Nectandra. The structures of the isolated compounds have been established on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic techniques. Their in vitro antifungal activities against standard strains of Candida albicans, C. krusei, C. tropicalis and Cryptococcus neoformans and antioxidant properties were also evaluated in this work.

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3

Constituintes químicos do caule de Spathelia excelsa (rutaceae) e atividade frente a Aedes aegypti/ Chemical constituents of the stems of Spathelia excelsa (rutaceae) and activity against Aedes aegypti

Freitas, Aline Carvalho de; Lima, Maria da Paz; Ferreira, Antonio Gilberto; Tadei, Wanderli Pedro; Pinto, Ana Cristina da Silva
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês Phytochemical investigation from the stems of Spathelia excelsa (Rutaceae) collected in Amazonas yielded deacetylspathelin (1), 7,8-dimethoxyflindersine (2), new glabretal-type triterpenoid 3β-angeloyl-21,24-epoxy-7α, 21α, 23α, 25-tetrahydroxy-4α, 4β, 8β, 10β-tetramethyl-25-dimethyl-14, 18-cyclo-5α, 13α, 14α, 17α-cholestane (3), in addition to the known steroids β-sitosterol and stigmasterol. Their structure (mais) s were established on the basis of spectral data. The compounds 1 and 3 were assayed on Aedes aegypti (larvicidal and adulticidal activities and compound 3 exhibited larvicidal properties with LC50 of 4,8 µg/mL.

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4

Caracterização por FT-IR de agentes de cura utilizados em resinas epoxídicas-II-polimercaptana, poliaminoamida e amina modificada/ Characterization by FT-IR of curing agents used in epoxy resins

Romão, Benedita M. V.; Diniz, Milton F.; Azevedo, Margarete F. P.; Lourenço, Vera L.; Pardini, Luiz C.; Dutra, Rita C. L.; Burel, Fabrice
2003-07-01

Resumo em português Amostras de resina epoxídica (EP) curadas com compostos à base depolimercaptana (SH), SH na presença de poliamino amida, e amina modificada, constituindo, respectivamente, os sistemas epoxídicos (SE) 1, 2 e 3, foram preparadas segundo condições estabelecidas pelas curvas de calorimetria exploratória diferencial (DSC) de EP e agentes de cura, ou endurecedores (AC) e analisadas, antes e após preparação do SE, por espectroscopia no infravermelho com transformada de (mais) Fourier (FT-IR) por meio de técnicas de transmissão (pastilha de KBr, pirólise por bico de Bunsen, e pirólisecontrolada (CONTROLPIR/FT-IR) dentro da faixa de temperatura fornecida pela análise termogravimétrica (TG) dos SE 1, 2 e 3, para a caracterização de cada AC. Para tal fim, as absorções FT-IR do pirolisado líquido obtido pela metodologia CONTROLPIR/FT-IR foram avaliadas, em comparação ao espectro do AC de referência. A caracterização dos agentes de cura foi feita com a técnica TG/FT-IR do gás liberado de cada SE, em comparação ao espectro de referência do produto de degradação do respectivo AC. Resumo em inglês Samples of epoxy resin (EP) cured with polymercaptans (SH), SH in presence of polyamine amide, and polyamine modified compounds , respectively, SE 1,2 and 3, were prepared according to established conditions by DSC analysis of EP and curing agent (AC) or hardeners, and analyzed by FT-IR transmission techniques (KBr pellets, uncontroled pyrolysis and controled pyrolysis-FT-IR) (CONTROLPIR/FT-IR), in the temperature range found from TG analysis of SE 1,2 and 3, for characte (mais) rizing the AC. The FT-IR absorptions of liquid pyrolysate obtained by CONTROLPIR/FT-IR were evaluated, in comparison to reference spectrum of AC The characterization of hardeners was also possible by the analysis of each SE with TG/FT-IR technique, in comparison to the reference spectrum of degradation product for each AC used.

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5

Benzoquinonas, hidroquinonas e sesquiterpenos de Auxemma glazioviana/ Benzoquinones, hydroquinones and sesquiterpenes of Auxemma glazioviana

Costa, Jose Galberto M.; Pessoa, Otília Deusdênia L.; Monte, Francisco José Q.; Menezes, Eveline A.; Lemos, Telma Leda G.; Braz-Filho, Raimundo
2005-08-01

Resumo em inglês Two new compounds, 5 and 8, and an epimeric mixture 4a/4b were isolated from hardwood of Auxemma glazioviana. Their structures and relative configurations were determined by modern spectroscopic analysis to be rel-10alpha,11alpha-epoxy-11beta-ethoxy-8alpha- hydroxy-2-methoxy -8abeta-methyl-5,6,7,8,8a,9,10,10abeta-octahydro-1,4-anthracenedione (or rel-2R,2aR,5R,5aS ,10bS,10cS-2-ethoxy-5-hydroxy-8-methoxy-5a-methyl- 2a,3,4,5,5a,6,10b,10c-octahydro-2H-anthra[9,1-bc]furan-7,1 (mais) 0-dione, 4a), rel-10alpha,11alpha- epoxy-11alpha-ethoxy-8alpha-hydroxy-2-methoxy-8abeta-methyl-5,6,7,8,8a,9,10,10abeta-octahydro- 1,4-anthracenedione (or rel-2S,2aR,5R,5aS ,10bS,10cS-2-ethoxy-5-hydroxy-8-methoxy- 5a-methyl-2a,3,4,5,5a,6,10b10c-octahydro-2H-anthra[9,1-bc]furan-7,10-dione, 4b), rel-10alpha,11alpha-epoxy-8alpha,11-dihydroxy-2-methoxy-8abeta-methyl-5,6,7,8,8a,9,10,10abeta- octahydro-1,4-anthracenedione (or rel-2S,2aR,5R,5aS ,10bS,10cS-2,5-dihydroxy-8- methoxy-5a-methyl-2a,3,4,5,5a,6,10b,10c-octahydro-2H-anthra[9,1-bc]furan-7,10 -dione, 5) and rel-10,11-epoxy-8abeta-methyl-1,4,5alpha,9alpha-tetrahydroxy-5,6,7,8,8a,9,10,10a- octahydro-8-anthracenone (or rel-2aS,5aS,6R,10bR ,10c5-2a,6,7,10-tetrahydroxy-5a-methyl-2a,3,4,5,5a,6,10b,10c-octahydro-2H-anthra [9,1-bc]-furan-5-one, 8). In addition, known compounds were also isolated.

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6

Avaliação quantitativa de monoepoxiácidos, monocetoácidos e monohidroxiácidos em óleos e gorduras provenientes de fritura descontínua de batatas/ Quantitative evaluation of monoepoxyacids, monoketoacids and monohydroxyacids in fats and oils used in discontinuous frying of potatoes

Machado, Eliana Rodrigues; Marmesat, Susana; Dobarganes, María del Carmen; Abrantes, Shirley
2008-09-01

Resumo em português Na fritura, os óleos e gorduras sofrem degradação formando os compostos polares, como os triacilgliceróis polimerizados e os monômeros de triacilgliceróis oxidados, estes últimos têm sido relacionados a patologias e se constituem de grupos como os monoepoxiácidos, monocetoácidos e monohidroxiácidos. Foram determinados os teores destes três grupos de substâncias, através da análise cromatográfica a gás dos ésteres metílicos de ácidos graxos após deriva (mais) ção a frio das amostras e concentração posterior das substâncias de interesse mediante extração em fase sólida, e os teores dos ácidos graxos polares polimerizados, utilizando a combinação das técnicas cromatográficas de adsorção em coluna e por exclusão, em gordura de soja parcialmente hidrogenada e óleos de soja e de palma, aquecidos a 180 °C por 25 horas, provenientes de experimentos de fritura. Foram encontrados teores de 3,30 a 8,24; 1,51 a 4,32 e 3,42 a 8,71 mg.g-1 de monoepoxiácidos, monocetoácidos e monohidroxiácidos, respectivamente, nas amostras com níveis de compostos polares de 20,8 a 44,1% (m/m), e predominância de formação de polímeros. Os resultados sugeriram que óleos e gorduras monoinsaturados apresentam maior tendência à formação de monômeros oxidados e menor tendência à formação de polímeros, ao contrário dos óleos poliinsaturados. Resumo em inglês During frying, fats and oils undergo degradation with the formation of polar compounds. Among these are polymeric triglycerides, as well as oxidized monomeric triglycerides. The last group has been related to several diseases and contains groups including epoxy, keto and hydroxy groups of importance from a quantitative point of view. In this study, monoepoxyacids, monoketoacids and monohydroxyacids were quantified in partially hydrogenated soybean oil, soybean oil and pal (mais) m oil, after heating for 25 hours, at 180 °C, in frying experiments. The determination was carried out by gas chromatography after fat derivatization to fatty acid methyl esters at room temperature and concentration of the compounds of interest by solid phase extraction on silica cartridges. Quantitative analyses of polar fatty acids were also obtained by combination of adsorption and size exclusion chromatography. The major content corresponded to polymeric compounds. Amounts ranging from 3.30 to 8.24; from 1.51 to 4.32 and from 3.42 to 8.71 mg.g-1 were found for monoepoxyacids, monoketoacids and monohydroxyacids, respectively, for samples containing polar compounds between 20.8 and 44.1%. The results suggested that monounsaturated oils have a higher tendency to the formation of oxidized monomers while polyunsaturated oils have a higher tendency to the formation of polymers.

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7

Alcaloides β-indolopiridoquinazolínicos de Esenbeckia grandiflora mart. (Rutaceae)/ Indolopyridoquinazoline alkaloids from Esenbeckia grandiflora mart. (Rutaceae)

Januário, Ana Helena; Vieira, Paulo Cezar; Silva, Maria Fátima das Graças Fernandes da; Fernandes, João Batista; Silva, Jorge José de Brito; Conserva, Lucia Maria
2009-01-01

Resumo em inglês The chemical composition of two specimens of Esenbeckia grandiflora, collected in the south and northeast regions of Brazil, was investigated. In this study, three β-indolopyridoquinazoline alkaloids from the leaves (rutaecarpine, 1-hydroxyrutaecarpine) and roots (euxylophoricine D) were isolated for the first time in this genus. In addition, the triterpenes α-amyrin, β-amyrin, α-amyrenonol, β-amyrenonol, 3α-hydroxy-ursan-12-one, and 3α- (mais) hydroxy-12,13-epoxy-oleanane, the coumarins auraptene, umbelliferone, pimpinelin, and xanthotoxin, the furoquinoline alkaloids delbine and kokusaginine, and the phytosteroids sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol and 3β-O-β-D-glucopyranosylsitosterol were also isolated from the leaves, twigs, roots and stems of this species. Structures of these compounds were established by spectral analysis.

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