Sample records for energy complexes
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 8 shown.



1

Características produtivas e digestibilidade da farinha de folhas de mandioca em dietas de frangos de corte com e sem adição de enzimas/ Productive traits and digestibility of cassava leaf meal in broiler diets with or without addition of enzymes

Silva, Hunaldo Oliveira; Fonseca, Ricardo Alves da; Guedes Filho, Reginaldo de Souza
2000-06-01

Resumo em português Experimentos foram realizados a fim de determinar a digestibilidade (Experimento 1) e o efeito da inclusão de farinha de folhas de mandioca (FFM) com e sem a adição de complexos multienzimáticos (CME) em dietas de frangos de corte machos (Experimento 2), de linhagem Hubbard. Os CME utilizados foram compostos de Energex (beta-glucanase, pectinase, hemicelulase) e Bio-Feed Alpha (beta-glucanase, amilase). No Experimento 1, utilizaram-se aves com 21 dias de idade, com o (mais) nível de inclusão 0-41,67% de FFM, para medir o coeficiente de digestibilidade da energia bruta e fibra bruta (CDEB/CDFB) e determinar os valores de energia metabolizável aparente e corrigida (EMA/EMAn). No Experimento 2, utilizaram-se aves de 1-21 dias de idade, com níveis de inclusão de 0-10,34% de FFM, para avaliar o consumo médio de ração (CMR), o ganho de peso médio (GPM) e a conversão alimentar média (CAM). No Experimento 1, houve diferença para os valores do CDEB, CDFB, EMA e EMAn, ocorrendo diminuição na digestibilidade, à medida que se elevaram os níveis de inclusão de FFM na dieta basal. Com a adição dos CME, evidenciou-se melhora nas características analisadas. A determinação dos valores de EMA e EMAn foram de 1697 e 1694 kcal/kg/MS FFM, respectivamente. No Experimento 2, o nível de maior inclusão de FFM foi o que apresentou o pior resultado para as características CMR, GPM e CAM, enquanto o nível 5,17% de FFM não prejudicou o desempenho dos animais. A adição do CME não melhorou o valor nutritivo da FFM. Resumo em inglês Experiments were carried out to determine the digestibility (Experiment 1) and the effect of the inclusion of cassava leaf meal (CLM) with and without the addition of multi-enzyme complexes (MEC) in male broiler diets (Experiment 2) of the Hubbard strain. The MECs used were made up of Energex (beta-glucanase, pectinase, hemicellulose) and Bio-Feed Alpha (beta-glucanase, amylase). In Experiment 1, birds with 21 days of age were used, with the level of inclusion of 0 - 41.6 (mais) 7% of CLM to determine the digestibility coefficient of the gross energy and crude fiber (DCGE/DCCF) and to determine the values of apparent and corrected metabolizable energy (AME/nAME). In Experiment 2, birds from 1 to 21 days of age, fed diets with levels of inclusion of 0 - 10.34% of CLM were used to evaluate the average feed intake (DAI), average weight gain (AWG) and average feed: gain (AF: G). In Experiment 1, there was difference for the values of DCGE, DCCF, AME and nAME, occurring a decrease on the digestibility as the CLM inclusion levels increased on the basal diet. With the addition of the MECs, an improvement in the analyzed traits was evidenced. The determination of the values of AME and nAME were of 1.697 and 1.694 kcal/Kg/DM CLM, respectively. In Experiment 2, the level of highest inclusion of CLM was the one which presented the poorest result for the traits RAI, AWG and AFC while the level of 5.17% of CLM did not impair the animals performance. The addition of the MEC did not improve the nutritive value of CLM.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

2

Variáveis relacionadas à estabilidade de complexos organo-minerais em solos tropicais e subtropicais brasileiros/ Selected soil-variables related to the stability of organo-minerals complexes in tropical and subtropical brazilian soils

Inda Junior, Alberto Vasconcellos; Bayer, Cimélio; Conceição, Paulo Cesar; Boeni, Madalena; Salton, Júlio César; Tonin, Alano Tiago
2007-10-01

Resumo em português A estabilidade de complexos organo-minerais é uma característica importante quanto à química e física de solos tropicais e subtropicais. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar variáveis relacionadas à estabilidade de complexos organo-minerais, avaliada pela energia de ultra-som necessária para a dispersão total do solo em partículas primárias, em seis solos das regiões Sul e Centro-Oeste do Brasil com textura e mineralogia distintas. A energia de ultra-som ne (mais) cessária para dispersão total dos solos variou de 239 a 2.389J mL-1, sendo diretamente relacionada aos teores de carbono orgânico (R²=0,799, P Resumo em inglês The stability of organo-mineral complexes is an important characteristic related to the soil chemistry and physics of tropical and subtropical soils. This study was aimed at identifing the variables related to the stability of organo-mineral complexes, evaluated by ultrasonic energy necessary to complete soil dispersion, of six soils from South and West-Center regions of Brazil with distint texture and mineralogy. The ultrasonic energy to complete soil dispersion varied f (mais) rom 239 a 2389J mL-1, and was positively related to the soil organic carbon concentrations (R²=0.799, P

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

3

Valores energéticos do farelo de arroz integral suplementado com complexos enzimáticos para frangos de corte/ Energy values of whole rice bran supplemented with enzymes complexes for broilers

Giacometti, Renato Alberto; Teixeira, Antônio Soares; Rodrigues, Paulo Borges; Freitas, Rilke Tadeu Fonseca de; Bertechini, Antônio Gilberto; Fialho, Elias Tadeu; Santos, Asdrubal Viana do
2003-06-01

Resumo em português Este experimento foi realizado com o objetivo de estudar o efeito de enzimas carboidrases exógenas com atividade xilanase sobre a energia metabolizável aparente (EMA) e aparente corrigida (EMAn) do farelo de arroz integral (FAI). As enzimas carboidrases com atividade xilanase utilizadas foram as da marca comercial Rovabio TM Excel AP, Allzyme Rice e Ronozyme WX, denominadas, respectivamente, neste trabalho, de enzimas A, B, e C. Foram utilizadas 240 aves de corte da lin (mais) hagem Coob, com 21 dias de idade, alojadas em gaiolas metálicas com bandejas coletoras de excretas instaladas em uma sala de metabolismo com ambiente controlado. O delineamento foi inteiramente casualizado, constituído por 4 dietas-referência e 4 dietas-teste e 6 repetições, totalizando 48 parcelas com 5 aves cada uma. As dietas-referência e as dietas-teste estudadas foram as seguintes: Dieta-referência à base de milho, farelo de soja, vitaminas e minerais (DR); DR + enzima A; DR + enzima B; DR + enzima C; 70% de DR + 30% de FAI; 70% de DR + 30% de FAI + enzima A; 70% de DR + 30% de FAI + enzima B e 70% de DR + 30% de FAI + enzima C. Utilizou-se o método de coleta total de excretas (Sibbald & Slinger, 1963) durante 5 dias em cada unidade experimental, precedido de 5 dias de adaptação das aves às dietas. As determinações de EMA e EMAn foram realizadas conforme metodologia de Matterson et al. (1965). A EMAn do FAI foi de 2897 kcal/kg de MS. Com o uso das enzimas carboidrases, o melhor valor de EMAn do FAI foi obtido quando utilizou-se a enzima C, sendo de 3083 kcal/kg de MS, com um aumento percentual de 6,4%. A dieta-referência que recebeu a adição da enzima C teve sua EMAn aumentada, o que não ocorreu com a utilização das outras carboidrases. Resumo em inglês An experiment was conducted to study the effect of exogen carbohydrase enzymes with xylanase activity on the apparent metabolizable energy (AME) and apparent corrected metabolizable energy (AMEn) of whole rice bran (WRB). The carbohydrase enzymes with xylanase activity utilized those of commercial brand Rovabio TM Excel AP, Allzyme Rice and Ronozyme WX, denominated, respectively, in this work, of enzymes A, B, and C. A. boret 240 broilers Cobb strain aged 21 days were hou (mais) sed in metallic cages with excreta-collecting installed in a metabolism room with controlled atmosphere. The experimental desing was completely randomized using 4 reference-diets and 4 test-diets and 6 replicates, amounting 48 plots with 5 birds each. The reference-diets and test-diets studied were the following: Reference-diet on the basis of corn, soybean meal, vitamins and minerals (RD); RD + enzyme A; RD + enzyme B; RD + enzyme C; 70% of RD + 30% of WRB; 70% of RD + 30% of WRB + enzyme A; 70% of RD + 30% of WRB + enzyme B and 70% of RD + 30% of WRB + enzyme C. The method of total excreta collection was used (Sibbald & Slinger, 1963) for 5 days in each experimental unit, preceded of 5 days of adaptation of the birds to the diets. The determinations of AME and AMEn were accomplished according to the methodology by Matterson et al. (1965). AMEn of WRB was of 2,897 kcal/kg of DM. Using the carbohydrase enzymes the best value of AMEn of WRB was obtained when enzyme C was added, its being of 3,083 kcal/kg of DM, with a percent increase of 6.4%. The reference-diet that received the addition of enzyme C, had its AMEn increased, which did not happen when the other carbohydrases was used.

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4

Desempenho e características de carcaça de frangos de corte alimentados com dietas à base de milho e farelo de soja suplementadas com complexos enzimáticos/ Performance and carcass characteristics of broilers fed corn soybean meal based diets supplemented with enzymatic complexes

Carvalho, Julio Cesar Carrera de; Bertechini, Antônio Gilberto; Fassani, Édison José; Rodrigues, Paulo Borges; Pereira, Renata Apocalypse Nogueira
2009-02-01

Resumo em português Um experimento foi conduzido para avaliar o efeito da suplementação de complexos enzimáticos à dieta sobre o desempenho e as características de carcaça de frangos de corte de ambos os sexos. Avaliaram-se cinco dietas: controle positivo - à base de milho e farelo de soja com farinha de carne e ossos, sem enzima; controle negativo - formulada com 3% menos de energia metabolizável; controle negativo + 0,05% do complexo A (xilanase, 600 U/g; amilase, 8.000 U/g; e prot (mais) ease, 800 U/g); controle negativo + 0,04% do complexo B (α-amilase, 200 kNU/g; e β-glucanase, 350 FBG/g); e controle negativo + 0,04% do complexo B + 0,01% da enzima C (xilanase, 1.000 FXU/g). Não foram observadas diferenças no desempenho das aves no período de 1 a 7 dias de idade. Na fase de 1 a 21 dias de idade, os machos consumiram mais ração e as dietas com o complexo B resultaram em maior ganho de peso. Os melhores resultados de conversão alimentar foram obtidos com o uso dos complexos enzimáticos. No período total, o consumo de ração foi menor entre as aves (machos e fêmeas) mantidas com a dieta controle positivo, enquanto o maior ganho de peso nos machos foi obtido com a dieta controle negativo contendo 0,04% do complexo B. Quanto à conversão alimentar, os machos apresentaram as melhores conversões com o uso dos complexos enzimáticos. Não houve efeito das dietas sobre os rendimentos de carcaça, peito e gordura abdominal. Quando fornecidas dietas com redução de 3% da energia metabolizável, o uso dos complexos enzimáticos é efetivo na recuperação do desempenho das aves. Resumo em inglês This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the supplementation of enzymatic complexes on the performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens from both sexes. Five diets were evaluated: positive control diet based on corn and soybean meal with meat and bone meal without enzyme; negative control diet formulated with 3% less of metabolizable energy; negative control + 0.05% of complex A (600 U/g of xylanase, 8000 U/g of amylase and 800 U/g of protease); n (mais) egative control + 0.04% of complex B (200 kNU/g of α-amylase and 350 FBG/g of β-glucanase); and negative control + 0.04% of complex B + 0.01% of enzyme C (1000 FXU/g of xylanase). No significant differences were found in the performance of birds from 1 to 7 days of age. From 1 to 21 days of life, males consumed more ration than females. Diets four and five resulted into better weight gains only for males. The best results of feed conversion were obtained with the use of the enzymatic complexes. In the total period, males and females that received the positive control consumed less ration than the other diets. Diet four provided the best weight gain result for males. In relation to feed conversion, males presented the best conversion rate from the use of enzymatic complexes. Females that received diet one and diet five presented better feed conversion rates. No significant differences were observed for the effect of diets on the carcass, breast and abdominal fat yields. It could be concluded that the use of the enzymatic complexes was effective in recovering the performance of birds but decreasing 3% of the metabolizable energy.

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5

Relação entre transferência de carga e as interações intermoleculares em complexos de hidrogênio heterocíclicos/ Relationship between charge transfer and intermolecular interactions in heterocyclic hydrogen-bonded complexes

Oliveira, Boaz G.; Araújo, Regiane C. M. U. de
2007-08-01

Resumo em inglês Hydrogen-bonded complexes formed by the interaction of the heterocyclic molecules C2H4O and C2H5N with HF, HCN, HNC and C2H2 have been studied using density functional theory. The hydrogen bond strength has been analyzed through electron density charge transfer from the proton acceptor to the proton donor. The density charge transfer has been estimated using different methods such as Mulliken population analysis, CHELPG, GAPT and AIM. It has been shown that AIM-estimated (mais) charge transfer correlates very well with the hydrogen bond energy and the infrared bathochromic effect of the proton donor stretching frequencies.

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6

Estudos fotoluminescentes em compostos de íons terras raras coordenados por um derivado carbazólico/ Photoluminescence studies in rare earth ions coordinated by a carbazolic derivative

Martins, Renata Figueredo; Neri, Cláudio Roberto; Sousa Filho, Paulo Cesar de; Serra, Osvaldo Antonio; Oliveira, Kleber Thiago de
2010-01-01

Resumo em inglês [RE(czb)3(H2O)2] complexes (where RE = Eu3+, Tb3+, Gd3+; and czb = 4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)benzoato) have been synthesized and characterized. The Gd3+ complex was used to determine the triplet state energy of the czb ligand. Photoluminescence measurements of the complexes have been carried out under UV excitation. The Tb3+ complex exhibited a strong green luminescence indicating an efficient antenna effect, whereas the Eu3+ complex showed low red luminescence and the Gd3+ com (mais) plex a blue-green luminescence from the ligand. The luminescence lifetimes and quantum yields have also been measured for the evaluation of the spectroscopic behavior of the complexes.

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7

Estudo espectroscópico de complexos de Eu3+, Tb3+ E Gd3+ com ligantes derivados de ácidos dicarboxílicos/ Spectroscopic study of the Eu3+, Tb3+ and Gd3+ complexes with ligands derived from dicarboxylic acids

Lima, Patrícia P.; Malta, Oscar L.; Alves Júnior, Severino
2005-10-01

Resumo em inglês Complexes of Eu3+, Tb3+ and Gd3+ with dipicolinic acid, chelidamic acid and chelidonic acid have been synthesized in order to study the effect of the substituent groups on the luminescence of the lanthanide complexes. The luminescence of the Eu3+ and Tb3+ complexes was quantified by quantum yield measurements. The complexes of Gd3+ have been used to determine the energies of the triplet states of the ligands. The Tb3+ complex synthesized with dipicolinic acid presented th (mais) e highest quantum yield due to the energy difference between the triplet state of the dipicolinic acid and the emitting level of the Tb3+ ion.

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8

Análise quiral por espectrometria de massas através da utilização do método cinético/ Chiral analysis by mass spectrometry using the kinetic method

Augusti, Daniella Vasconcellos; Augusti, Rodinei
2006-04-01

Resumo em inglês Novel and quantitative mass spectrometry methods for rapid and accurate enantiomeric excess determination are presented. These methodologies use electrospray ionization (ESI) and mass spectrometry (MS) to detect and analyze, via collision-induced dissociation (CID), mass-selected transition metal complexes that promote enantio especific interactions. The data from CID are conveniently treated by the kinetic method, a sensitive linear free energy method of treating mass sp (mais) ectrometric results. Four different variations of this methodology are described: single ratio method (S R), quotient ratio method (Q R), fixed ligand method (S Rfixed), and quotient ratio method with fixed ligand (Q Rfixed). These individual methods are compared and their main features discussed in detail.

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