Sample records for element 124
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Sample records 1 - 3 shown.



1

Efeito de bactérias diazotróficas na produção de abacaxizeiro 'Cayenne Champac', sob irrigação, em dois níveis de adubação nitrogenada/ Contribution of diazotrophic bacteria on yield of pineapple 'Cayenne Champac', under irrigation, with two levels of nitrogen fertilization

Weber, Olmar Baller; Terao, Daniel; Rocha, Leto Saraiva; Correia, Diva; Santos, Francisco José de Seixas
2004-08-01

Resumo em português Avaliou-se o efeito de bactérias diazotróficas na produção de abacaxizeiro cv. Cayenne Champac (Champaka), sob irrigação, em dois níveis de adubação nitrogenada. Os tratamentos constaram dos níveis de N de 180 kg ha-1 ano-1 e 300 kg ha-1 ano-1, nas parcelas e subparcelas de mudas micropropagadas inoculadas com bactéria relacionada a Burkholderia cepacia AB213, de bactéria Asaia bogorensis AB219 e controles sem inoculação bacteriana, utilizando-se de três re (mais) petições. A inoculação bacteriana foi realizada no laboratório (10(8) células planta-1) e a aclimatação das mudas, em casa de vegetação. Após 5 meses, as mudas foram transplantadas no campo, utilizando-se de 0,9 m entre as linhas e 0,3 m entre as plantas. A cultivar apresentou bom desempenho sob irrigação no solo arenoso de Pacajus, Estado do Ceará, quando adubado com o maior nível de N. Para cada quilograma do elemento fornecido, houve incremento de 124,3 kg ha-1 na massa fresca dos frutos com coroa, entre os níveis da adubação nitrogenada. Na dose maior de N, plantas inoculadas do AB219 produziram frutos maiores e massas frescas 19,4% e 17,3% superiores aos controles, respectivamente, para frutos sem e com coroa. O efeito do AB213 na produção foi menor (9,9%) no nível mais baixo de N. A evidência do efeito de bactérias diazotróficas na cultivar Cayenne Champac foi demonstrada. Resumo em inglês The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of diazotrophic bacteria on yield of pineapple cv. Cayenne Champac (Champaka), under irrigation, with two levels of N fertilization. Treatments consisted of two N levels (180 kg and 300 kg ha-1 year-1), on the plots, and micropropagated plantlets inoculated with bacteria related to Burkholderia cepacia AB213, with Asaia bogorensis AB219 and without bacterial inoculation, on the subplots, using three replications. The b (mais) acterial inoculation was performed in a laboratory (with 10(8) bacterial cells plant-1) and the plant acclimatization in a glass house. After five months, they were transferred onto field, using 0.9 m between the lines and 0.3 m between the plants. The cultivar presented good performance under irrigation on the sandy soil in Pacajús, Ceará State, when fertilized with the highest N level. For each kilogram of the element the fresh mass of fruits grew by 124.3 kg ha-1, for the fertilizer levels. Plants inoculated with AB219 produced bigger fruits and 19.4% and 17.3% heavier when compared to fresh mass of fruits without and with crown from the controls on higher N level. The lower contribution of AB213 isolate was observed, and the fresh mass of fruits with crown ranged up to 9.9% on lower N level. The diazotrophic bacterial contribution on pineapple cv. Cayenne Champac was demonstrated with this work..

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

2

Efeito do boro sobre os teores de proteína e atividade da peroxidade em calos de cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum spp. var NA56-79) in vitro/ Boron efects on protein and peroxidase activity in sugar-cane callus (Saccharum spp var NA56-79)

Fumis, T.F.; Brasil, O.G.
1995-04-01

Resumo em português Calos de cana-de-açúcar variedade NA56-79, foram desenvolvidos em meio de cultura contendo sais minerais acrescidos de hormônios e vitaminas. Após a obtenção de quantidade suficiente de material, foram submetidos a três níveis diferentes de boro (omisso, 6,2 mg/L, 12,4mg/L). Foram analisados o teor protéico e a atividade da peroxidase. Os resultados mostraram que, em relação ao teor protéico, este foi menor na deficiência e maior em níveis mais elevados de boro. A variação da atividade da peroxidase mostrou um resultado inverso ao da proteína. Resumo em inglês Effects of boron were studied in sugar cane callus (Saccharum spp. var NA56-79) with the objective to find how this element changes biochemical parameters. Sugar cane callus were grown in media containing mineral nutrients, 60 mg/L of glicine, 60 mg/L arginine, 10% coconut water, 3 mg/L 2-4-diclorofenoxiacetic acid, 20 g/L sucrose, 9 g/L agar and three boron concentrations (0 mg/L, 6,2 mg/L, and 12,4 mg/L). Data showed that peroxidase activity raised and protein levels decreased when boron concentration raised.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

3

Adubação mineral para a batatinha - Solanum tuberosum L: influência dos elementos N, P e K em solos ricos em matéria orgânica do Vale do Paraíba

Boock, O. J.; Küpper, A.; Sales, J. Moreira
1951-01-01

Resumo em inglês Besults are presented of mineral fertilizer trials witht Irish potato crop in the State of São Paulo. The experiments were conducted in the flat lands of the Paraíba River banks. In this region, potato plantings are usually made from May to October, a period with little rain, :nul practically free from flood. From October to April, when good weather conditions prevail, rice is almost the only crop grown. Iu other regions of the State, potato is planted in February or in (mais) August. Chemical analyses of an average sample of the soil revealed a high organic matter content, about seven fold higher total nitrogen content and a twelve fold higher total carbon content, as compared with those found in a soil sample taken from Capão Bonito, an important potato area in the State, where phosphoric acid has been found to be responsible for increases in tuber productions. The experimental design was arranged so that conclusions could be drawn from the influence of increasing amounts of each nutrient element N, P and K, in the presence of a constant amount of the other two. In spite of the high total nitrogen content of the soil, results have shown this element not to he in available form for plants. In these experiments, application of nitrogen has been found to be effective and even decisive in increasing tuber yield. Lack of this element results in a lower production, in some cases, even inferior to check plots. In experiment n.° 38, for instance, PK yielded two tons of tubers per hectar, whereas NK and NP yielded, respectively, 1.1.9 and 12.4 tons. In another trial, n.° 40 BK yielded 10.5 tons per hectar (less than check), while NPK yielded 16.2 tons. From the economical point of view, an amount of 80 kg of N to the hectar in the presence of PK, brougth better profits, application of PK alone, resulted in losses. Determinations of starch content in tubers of every treatment have shown no appreciable differences between them.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)