Sample records for electron spectra
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 11 shown.



1

CONFIRMAÇÃO DA IDENTIDADE DA alfa-CRIPTOXANTINA E INCIDÊNCIA DE CAROTENÓIDES MINORITÁRIOS PROVITAMÍNICOS A EM VERDURAS FOLHOSAS VERDES/ CONFIRMATION OF THE IDENTITY OF alpha-CRYPTOXANTHIN AND INCIDENCE OF MINOR PROVITAMIN A CAROTENOIDS IN GREEN LEAFY VEGETABLES

MERCADANTE, Adriana Z.; RODRIGUEZ-AMAYA, Délia
2001-08-01

Resumo em português Numerosos trabalhos comprovaram que os carotenóides principais de folhas verdes são invariavelmente luteína, beta-caroteno, violaxantina e neoxantina. No entanto, há discordância em torno dos carotenóides minoritários. Portanto, a espectrometria de massas por impacto de elétrons e cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência com detector de arranjo de diodos foram utilizados para confirmar a identidade de carotenóides minoritários com atividade provitamínica A em (mais) verduras folhosas brasileiras. Os carotenóides pró-vitamínicos A, incluindo os isômeros cis e trans de beta-caroteno, foram separados em coluna de C18 polimérica, Vydac 201TP54, com metanol/água (98:2) como fase móvel. Os espectros UV-visível e de massas confirmaram o carotenóide monoidroxilado como sendo alfa-criptoxantina e não beta-criptoxantina como aponta a literatura internacional. Todas as onze folhas analisadas (agrião, alface crespa, alface lisa, almeirão, caruru, chicória, couve, espinafre, rúcula, salsinha e taioba) apresentaram alfa-criptoxantina, 13-cis-beta-caroteno e 9-cis-beta-caroteno, enquanto que alfa-caroteno foi encontrado em apenas quatro folhas (caruru, couve, salsinha e taioba). Resumo em inglês The main carotenoids from green leafy vegetables have been consistently found to be lutein, beta-carotene, violaxanthin and neoxanthin. However, there is a controversy about the identity of minor carotenoids. Therefore, electron impact mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector were used in order to confirm the identity of the minor provitamin A carotenoids in Brazilian green leaves. The provitamin A carotenoids, including the (mais) cis and trans isomers of beta-carotene, were separated on a polymeric C18 column, Vydac 201TP54, with MeOH/H2O (98:2) as mobile phase. The UV-visible and mass spectra confirmed that the monohydroxy carotenoid present in Brazilian green leafy vegetable to be alpha-cryptoxanthin, and not beta-cryptoxanthin as reported in the international literature. All eleven green leaves analyzed (water-cress, unheaded lettuce, lettuce, wild chicory, "caruru", common chicory, kale, spinach, endive, roquette, parsley, and "taioba") had alpha-cryptoxanthin, 9-cis and 13-cis- beta-carotene, whereas alpha-carotene was found in only four of these leaves ("caruru", kale, salsinha and "taioba").

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2

Zircônia tetragonal policristalina. Parte II: Microestrutura e resistividade elétrica/ Tetragonal zirconia polycrystals. Part II: Microstructure and electrical resistivity

Tadokoro, S. K.; Muccillo, E. N. S.
2001-06-01

Resumo em português Nesta segunda parte são mostrados os resultados obtidos em cerâmicas densas de ZrO2: 3% mol Y2O3 (Y-TZP) e 12% mol CeO2 (Ce-TZP), analisadas por espectroscopia Raman, microscopia eletrônica de varredura, e por espectroscopia de impedância. Os resultados mostram que, para ambos tipos de amostras, é possível obter cerâmicas densas (> 95% da densidade teórica) para temperaturas de sinterização inferiores a 0,45 T F (T F = temperatura de fusão). A taxa de crescimen (mais) to de grãos é dependente do cátion estabilizante, sendo maior para a Ce-TZP do que para a Y-TZP. Os espectros Raman de cerâmicas sinterizadas mostram as bandas típicas associadas aos modos ativos da fase cristalográfica tetragonal. Os resultados de espectroscopia de impedância são similares aos obtidos por outros pesquisadores tanto para cerâmicas convencionais quanto nanofásicas no caso da Y-TZP. Para a Ce-TZP foi observada uma redução na condutividade extrínseca em conseqüência da maior pureza do precursor cristalizado. Resumo em inglês Results on dense ZrO2: 3 mol% Y2O3 (Y-TZP) and 12 mol% CeO2 (Ce-TZP) ceramics are shown in this second part. Sintered specimens were analyzed by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and impedance spectroscopy. The main results show that both types of solid solutions may attain a high densification (> 95% of the theoretical density) for sintering temperatures lower than 0.45 T F (T F = melting temperature). The rate of grain growth is governed by the stabilizin (mais) g cation and is faster for Ce-TZP than for Y-TZP. Raman spectra exhibit the six characteristic bands of the tetragonal phase for both specimens. Impedance spectroscopy results for Y-TZP do not differ from those obtained for nanophase ceramics. A reduction in the extrinsic conductivity due to the high purity of the crystallized precursor was observed for Ce-TZP specimens.

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3

Um espectômetro de massas de tempo-de-vôo para o estudo da ionização de amostras gasosas por elétrons rápidos (0,5 - 1,0 keV)/ A time-of-flight mass spectrometer for high energy (0.5 - 1.0 keV) electron ionization of gases

Cardoso, Aldo S.; Pontes, Frederico C.; Souza, Gerardo Gerson B. de; Mundim, Maria Suely Pedrosa
2001-06-01

Resumo em inglês A simple and inexpensive time-of-flight mass spectrometer, dedicated to the study of gas-phase ionization processes induced by high energy electrons (0.5 - 3.0 keV), is described. The spectrometer design is based on the Wiley-McLaren principle, with a total length of about 18 cm. As a demonstration of the performance of the apparatus, mass spectra for Ar, CH4, CO2, and SF6, obtained at 1 keV electron energy, are presented.

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4

Simulação de espectros de ressonância paramagnética eletrônica (RPE) através do programa NLSL/ Simulation of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra using the non-linear least squares program NLSL

Salmon, Carlos Ernesto Garrido; Sousa Neto, Diógenes de; Tabak, Marcel; Costa Filho, Antonio José da
2007-10-01

Resumo em inglês EPR users often face the problem of extracting information from frequently low-resolution and complex EPR spectra. Simulation programs that provide a series of parameters, characteristic of the investigated system, have been used to achieve this goal. This work describes the general aspects of one of those programs, the NLSL program, used to fit EPR spectra applying a nonlinear least squares method. Several motion regimes of the probes are included in this computational t (mais) ool, covering a broad range of spectral changes. The meanings of the different parameters and rotational diffusion models are discussed. The anisotropic case is also treated by including an orienting potential and order parameters. Some examples are presented in order to show its applicability in different systems.

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5

Influência do espaçamento do feixe de laser Nd: YAG na obtenção de óxidos e nitretos na superfície do titânio em pressão atmosférica/ Influence of the Nd: YAG laser beam spacing in obtaining oxides and nitrides on titanium surface at atmospheric pressure

Filho, E.A.; Fraga, A.F.; Bini, R.A.; Marques, R.F.C.; Guastaldi, A.C.
2009-08-01

Resumo em português Neste trabalho investigou-se a modificação de superfície do titânio pela irradiação com feixe de Laser Nd:YAG. Os parâmetros do laser como a potência, o comprimento de onda, a frequência, a velocidade de varredura e a área de exposição foram mantidos constantes, exceto o espaçamento da matriz, o qual foi de 0,01 e 0,02 mm. A caracterização da superfície foi realizada por Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV) e Difração de Raios X (DRX), sendo que os (mais) espectros foram refinados pelo método Rietveld. Pela análise de MEV, observou-se uma mudança na topografia, obtendo uma superfície rugosa produzida pelo fenômeno de ablação. As análises por Rietveld dos espectros de difração de raios X detectaram TiN, Ti2N, TiO2 (anatásio e rutilo), sendo que a amostra com espaçamento 0,01 mm apresentou uma maior quantidade de óxidos e nitretos. Isso pode ser devido à sobreposição do feixe, induzindo à formação de uma superfície com maior estabilidade termodinâmica. Os óxidos e nitretos obtidos são de grande importância, pois são responsáveis por produzir uma maior interação entre o osso-implante. Resumo em inglês In this work the titanium surface modification by Laser Nd:YAG irradiation was investigated. Laser parameters such as power, wavelength, frequency, scanning speed and the exposure area were maintained constant, except the matrix spacing, which was equal 0,01 and 0,02 mm. Characterization was carried out by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis, for which the spectra were refined by the Rietveld method. In the analysis by SEM, a change in (mais) the topography was observed, with a rough surface obtained by ablation phenomenon. The Rietveld analysis of the spectra presented the phases TiN, Ti2N, TiO2 (anatase and rutile), and the sample with spacing equal to 0,01 mm presented a larger amount of oxides and nitrides. This may be due to the beam overlapping, which induces a surface with larger thermodynamic stability. The oxides and nitrides are of great importance, because they are responsible for producing a satisfactory interaction between the bone and the implant.

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6

Influência da espessura nas propriedades de absorção e emissão e na morfologia de filmes automontados de poli(p-fenileno vinileno/ Influence of the thickness on absorbance and emission spectra and surface morphology of self-assembled poly(p-phenylene vinylene) films

Piovesan, Erick; Hidalgo, Ángel Alberto; Marletta, Alexandre; Vega, Maria Leticia; Ruggiero, Reinaldo
2006-10-01

Resumo em inglês In this report, we studied the thickness effect on the optical and morphological properties of self-assembled (SA) poly(p-phenylenevinylene) (PPV) films, wich were processed with 5 and 75 layers from a PPV precursor polymer and dodecylbenzenesulfonate, and then, thermally converted at 230 °C. The increase of the film thickness yielded more intense peaks in the vibrational spectral range. The electron-phonon coupling was quantified by the Huang - Rhys factor, that show (mais) s the effects on the polymer chain mobility in the interface substrate/polymer. A strong emission anisotropy r=0.57 was observed for the film with 5 layers of thickness decreasing to 0.34 for the film with 75 layers. Finally, the surface topology of the films was measured using Atomic Force Microscopy.

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7

Excitação eletrônica das moléculas de metacrilato de metila e estireno na região do ultravioleta de vácuo/ Electronic excitation of the methyl methacrylate and styrene molecules in the vuv range

Rocco, M. L. M.; Souza, G. G. B. de; Lopes, M. C. A.; Lucas, C. A.
1998-02-01

Resumo em inglês Angle-resolved electron energy-loss spectra have been measured for the methyl methacrylate (MMA) and styrene molecules in the 0 - 50 eV energy range. The spectra have been obtained at 1 keV incident energy, with an energy resolution of 0.8 eV and covering an angular range of 2.0 to 7.0 degrees. Within our knowledge, this is the first gas-phase excitation spectrum for MMA and styrene in this energy range. The spectra of MMA at small scattering angles are dominated by an in (mais) tense peak at 6.7 eV followed by a broad band centered at about 16 eV. In the case of styrene, six bands can be observed in the spectra. Based on the angular behaviour of the excitation spectra of these molecules, the low-lying peaks observed are considered to be associated predominantly with dipole-allowed processes. In both cases, new bands can be observed for excitation energies greater than 20 eV. This could be associated with dipole-forbidden transitions to shake-up and doubly-excited states.

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8

Dessorção iônica e degradação de filmes de polipirrol dopado com dodecilsulfato induzidas por elétrons de alta energia/ Ionic desorption and degradation of polypyrrole films doped with dodecylsulfate induced by high energy electrons

Arantes, Caroline; Rocco, Maria Luiza M.; Cruz, Antonio Gerson Bernardo da; Rocco, Ana Maria
2008-01-01

Resumo em inglês Electron stimulated ion desorption (ESID) and degradation studies of polypyrrole doped with dodecylsulfate (PPy/DS) deposited on FTO were performed using time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS) for ion analysis. The results suggest a strong contribution from fragments of the dodecylsulfate hydrocarbon chain to the mass spectra. In the 650-1500 eV energy range the ion yield curves show maxima at about 600, 1200 and 1400 eV, which can be related to carbon, nitrogen and ox (mais) ygen-containing fragments, respectively, and interpreted in terms of the Auger Stimulated Ion Desorption (ASID) mechanism. Degradation studies indicate rapid loss of heavier hydrocarbons and an increase of bulk and substrate fragments. Some degradation profiles suggest formation of new species.

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9

Crescimento de diamante dopado com Boro para eletrodos de uso em eletroquímica

Silva, Leide Lili Gonçalves da; Corat, Evaldo José; Barros, Rita de Cássia Mendes de; Trava-Airoldi, Vladimir Jesus; Leite, Nélia Ferreira; Iha, Koshun
1999-04-01

Resumo em inglês Boron-doped polycrystalline diamond films have been deposited over silicon substrate by hot-filament chemical-vapor-deposition process. A gas mixture of 0,5 vol. % methane and 1 vol. % methanol on hydrogen at a pressure of 50 Torr, have been used. Boric oxide dissolved in methanol have been used as the boron doping source during the diamond growth process. Raman spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) have been performed on the samples. A change of Raman spec (mais) tra with film doping was observed. The diamond characteristic line at 1333 cm-1 down shifted and its intensity decreased as the film resistivity decreased. On the other hand, a broad peak around 1220 cm-1 appeared and its intensity increased with decreasing film resistivity. No modifications on films morphology have been observed with different boron doping level. The grains were well-faceted with 2 mm average size

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10

Coordenação local do Eu(III) em híbridos orgânicos/inorgânicos emissores de luz branca/ Eu(III) local coordination in white light emitters organic-inorganic hybrids

Carlos, Luís D.; Ferreira, Rute A. Sá; Zéa Bermudez, Verónica de; Bueno, Luciano A.; Molina, Celso; Messaddeq, Younes; Ribeiro, Sidney J. L.
2001-08-01

Resumo em inglês Eu3+ luminescence and EXAFS (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure) results are presented for organic-inorganic hybrid gel hosts composed of a siliceous network to which small chains of oxyethylene units are covalently grafted by means of urea bridges. Coordination numbers for Eu3+ ions range from 12.8 to 9.7 with increasing Eu3+ concentration while the Eu3+-first neighbours mean distance is found to be constant at 2.48-2.49 Å in the same concentration range. Emission (mais) spectra display a broad band in the green/blue spectral region superposed to narrow lines appearing in the yellow/red region in such a way that for the eyes emission appears white. The broad band is assigned to intrinsic NH groups emission and also to electron-hole recombination in the nanosised siliceous domains. The narrow lines are assigned to intra-4f6, 5D0->7F0-4 Eu3+ transitions and from the energy position of the 7F0-4 levels a mean distance could be calculated for the Eu3+-first neighbours. The calculated results are in good agreement with the experimental ones obtained from EXAFS analysis.

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11

Caracterização e estudo da corrosão do amálgama dentário Dispersalloy por meio das técnicas de polarização potenciodinâmica e espectroscopia de impedância/ Characterization and corrosion study of the Dispersalloy dental amalgam by impedance techniques and anodic polarization

ACCIARI, Heloísa Andréa; GUASTALDI, Antonio Carlos; TREMILIOSI FILHO, Germano
1997-01-01

Resumo em português Neste trabalho realizou-se um estudo de caracterização metalúrgica do amálgama dentário Dispersalloy produzido pela empresa Dentsply Ind. e Com. Ltda., por meio da análise da sua composição química, utilizando-se a técnica espectrofotométrica de absorção atômica, procedendo-se em seguida, a análise metalográfica, utilizando-se microscopia eletrônica de varredura. A seguir, foi realizado um estudo de resistência à corrosão, utilizando-se técnicas eletr (mais) oquímicas tradicionais de polarização e espectroscopia de impedância, em meio e condições que simulam a agressividade do ambiente bucal. Para isto, as amostras foram obtidas pelo processo de amalgamação mecânica, método usualmente utilizado pelos dentistas no próprio consultório, para a preparação da restauração dentária. A liga comercial Dispersalloy, representante da categoria de amálgamas de alto teor de cobre, tipo fase dispersa, foi escolhida para este estudo por ser bastante comercializada nos mercados nacional e internacional e, também por ser uma liga metálica moderna, bastante estudada, mas que ainda sofre corrosão no meio bucal. Resumo em inglês The corrosion of dental amalgam in aqueous media was interpreted by means of a.c. impedance techniques and anodic polarization. The Nyquist and Bode diagrams are influenced by the porous structure of the amalgams, the surface film formation and the adsorption of intermediates. In general, the impedance spectra are rather complex and very difficult to interpret. The Dispersalloy amalgam (high copper, dispersion type alloy) was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (mais) and energy dispersive X ray analysis. The chemistry analysis was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Although high copper amalgams as a group show superior physical properties and clinical performance to low copper amalgams, a high copper content does, not necessarily mean improved clinical performance. Neverthelless, they too, corrode in the mouth.

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