O uso de cálculos teóricos como ferramenta para a detecção de moléculas no meio interestelar: o caso dos carbenos CnNH (n=1, 3 e 5)/ Use of theoretical calculations as a tool for the detection of molecules in the interestellar medium: the case of the c n nh (n= 1, 3 and 5) carbenes
Resumo em inglês This work reviews some applications of ab initio molecular orbital calculations to the elucidation of structures of interstellar molecules. The case of the CnNH (n=1, 3 and 5 ) carbenes is extensively analyzed and discussed. Theoretical conformational analysis and predicted values for the rotational constants and dipole moments of the singlet state of C5NH are reported for the first time and a comparison is performed with results previously obtained for C3NH and CNH.
Resumo em inglês The microwave oven became a common domestic equipment, due mainly to the short time spent to heat foods. One of the most interesting characteristics of the microwave oven is the selective heating. Different from the conventional oven, where the heating is not selective, the heating by microwave depends on the chemical nature of the matter. Many Students of Chemistry have no knowledge of the principles involved in this selective heating, in spite of the daily microwave ove (mais) n use. The heating by microwave is feasible for chemistry courses. In discussions about the microwave absorption by the matter it is possible to explore chemical properties like: heat capacity, chemical bound, molecular structure, dipole moments, polarization and dielectric constant. This paper presents the basic principles involved in the microwave heating. It is proposed a simple and inexpensive experiment that could be developed in general chemistry courses, to illustrate the relationship between heating and the chemical properties of some solvents. Experiments to check the power of the microwave oven are also proposed.