Sample records for dimerization
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Sample records 1 - 2 shown.



1

Carcinoma medular de tireóide: aspectos moleculares, clínico-oncológicos e terapêuticos/ Medullary thyroid carcinoma: clinical and oncological features and treatment

Puñales, Marcia K.; Rocha, Andreia P.; Gross, Jorge Luiz; Maia, Ana Luiza
2004-02-01

Resumo em português O carcinoma medular de tireóide (CMT) pode ocorrer na forma esporádica ou familiar. O CMT hereditário é parte das síndromes de neoplasia endócrina múltipla (NEM) 2A e 2B, carcinoma medular de tireóide familiar (CMTF) ou outras formas. Mutações de linhagem germinativa do proto-oncogene RET causam a forma hereditária da neoplasia e os testes genéticos atualmente disponíveis formam a base para o manejo adequado da hereditariedade do tumor, visto que o diagnósti (mais) co precoce melhora significativamente o prognóstico no indivíduo afetado e nos carreadores. Nos últimos anos, vários estudos têm demonstrado uma correlação entre mutações codon-específica do RET e os diferentes fenótipos da NEM 2A, que pode, em parte, ser explicada por diferenças na intensidade da indução da dimerização do receptor. No presente artigo, revisamos os avanços nos mecanismos moleculares, diagnóstico e tratamento, bem como relatamos a nossa experiência no manejo dessa forma rara de neoplasia tireoidiana. Resumo em inglês Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid (MTC) may be sporadic or may occur on a hereditary basis. Hereditary MTC can occur either alone ­ familial MTC (FMTC) ­ or as the thyroid manifestation of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) syndromes (MEN 2A and MEN 2B) or other forms. Germ-line mutations in RET cause MEN 2. Genetic testing, now available, forms the basis for MTC screening procedures. In the past few years, several genotype-phenotype correlations have focused (mais) on the relationship between specific mutations and different MEN 2 syndrome variants. Differences in dimerization induction intensities are a reasonable explanation for the phenotypes resulting from mutations of the different cysteines. Here we described the molecular mechanisms, diagnose and treatment as well as our experience on the management of this rare form of thyroid cancer.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

2

Danos ao DNA promovidos por ácido 5-aminolevulínico: possível associação com o desenvolvimento de carcinoma hepatocelular em portadores de porfiria aguda intermitente/ DNA damage induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid: a possible association with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma in acute intermittent porphyria patients

Onuki, Janice; Teixeira, Priscila C.; Medeiros, Marisa H.G.; Di Mascio, Paolo
2002-07-01

Resumo em inglês 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a heme precursor accumulated in acute intermittent porphyria (AIP), which might be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in symptomatic patients. Under metal catalyzed oxidation, ALA and its cyclic dimerization product, 3,6-dihydropyrazine-2,5-dipropanoic acid, produce reactive oxygen species that damage plasmid and calf thymus DNA bases, increase the steady state level of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2´-deoxyguanosine in liver DNA and promot (mais) e mitochondrial DNA damage. The final product of ALA, 4,5-dioxovaleric acid (DOVA), is able to alkylate guanine moieties, producing adducts. ALA and DOVA are mutagenic in bacteria. This review shows an up-to-date literature data that reinforce the hypothesis that the DNA damage induced by ALA may be associated with the development of HCC in AIP patients.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)