Sample records for diabases
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 2 shown.



1

Rochas-mater da "terra roxa"

Gutmans, M.
1943-09-01

Resumo em inglês Physico-chemical and mineralogical studies of the soils of the São Paulo State by the Soil Division of The Agronomical Institute proved the existence of different violet soils in South-Brasil and its origin from basaltic rocks. The Brasilian denomination "terra roxa" is already many times translated to "red soil", which is inexact, because the colour "roxa" corresponds to "violet" in English. We must insist on the perfection of Brasilian expression, which gives the short (mais) est and the best characteristic of the true violet soil, derived through the decomposition of basalts and diabases in the São Paulo State. The term "red soil" originated much confusion, because there are in this state many "red soils" of different origins, but the true violet soil is quite unique. The violet colour of this soil appears very beautifully on the clean fields above the diabase hills at the distance of some hundreds of meters. In the state of complete dryness the violet soil becomes coffee brown, but never gets a red colour. The violet soil is the best soil of South America, on the contrary the red soils, which are mostly lateritic, are bad soils. Some exceptions, do exist, of course. The basalts produce laterites and other red soils of better qualities. With the purpose to contribute to the study of the violet and the red soils the present essay was made, describing the basic rocks of South-Brasil, as mother rocks of soils. The basic monograph of Djalma Guimarães "Magmatic Province of South-Brasil" (5), many times mentioned in the petrographic literature, definitively established the principal types and the mineral-components of triassic basic rocks in South-Brasil. We have found some varieties of basic rocks, not ye

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2

Proveniência dos minerais de óxidos de Fe-Ti nas areias da praia do Pântano do Sul, ilha de Santa Catarina (SC), sul do Brasil

Tomazzoli, Edison Ramos; Oliveira, Ulisses Rocha de; Horn Filho, Norberto Olmiro
2007-01-01

Resumo em português Nos sedimentos arenosos da praia do Pântano do Sul, situada ao sul da ilha de Santa Catarina, ocorrem significativas concentrações de minerais pesados, principalmente minerais de óxidos de Fe-Ti (ilmenita e magnetita). Com o objetivo de discutir a proveniência desses minerais, fez-se uma comparação entre as texturas e a química de grãos de minerais de óxidos de Fe-Ti (ilmenitas e magnetitas) da areia praial e de minerais de óxidos de Fe-Ti de quatro diques bás (mais) icos, eleitos como rochas fonte prováveis. Amostras de areia de praia foram impregnadas com resina e estudadas, sob a forma de lâminas delgadas e em microssonda eletrônica.Foram realizadas 66 análises micro químicas em areias de praia e 72 em afloramentos rochosos vizinhos. As análises químicas desses minerais, com microssonda eletrônica, mostraram que os grãos de ilmenita possuem um amplo espectro de variação de composição química, o que aponta para uma procedência variada, advinda não somente de diques básicos, mas provavelmente também de rochas graníticas e vulcânicas ácidas que constituem os costões rochosos da ilha. Composicionalmente, os grãos de ilmenita das areias agruparam-se em quatro conjuntos congruentes à composição química das ilmenitas dos quatro diques básicos acima referidos.Do total de grãos de ilmenita e magnetita analisados, 4,6% apontaram para proveniência a partir do dique 1; 7% do dique 2; 7% do dique 3, 16,3% do dique 4 e 55,8% de outras fontes, possivelmente rochas graníticas ou vulcânicas ácidas, enquanto que 9,3% dos grãos mostraram-se provenientes ou do dique 3 ou do dique 4. Portanto, a comparação da química mineral dos grãos de areia ilmenítica com a da ilmenita das rochas fonte mostrou ser um procedimento potencialmente muito eficaz na determinação da proveniência dos clastos. Resumo em inglês The sandy sediments of the Pântano do Sul beach, located in South coast of Santa Catarina island, have significant concentrations of heavy minerals, especially Fe-Ti oxides minerals (ilmenite and magnetite). In intention to discuss the source area of these minerals, comparison holding texture and chemistry of ilmenite and magnetite of the beach sediments and basic dykes was realized. Beach samples were impregnated, studied by thin sections and the electronic microprobe. (mais) The database includes 66 analysis from the beach sands and 72 from nearby outcrops. The use of electronic microprobe showed that ilmenite presents wide chemical variability and diverse provenance, originated from diabases and granitic and acid volcanic lithotypes that constitute the rocky coasts of the island. The ilmenite sandy sediments were arranged in four groups of similar chemical composition, correlationed to adjacent basic dykes. Considering the totality of ilmenite and magnetite grains; 4,6% were derived from dike 1; 7% from dike 2; 7% from dike 3; 16,3% from dike 4 and 55,8% from another source, possibly from granitic or volcanic acid rocks, while 9,3% of the grains showed deriving from dike 3 or dike 4. Therefore the chemical comparison of ilmenite in Pântano do Sul sandy sediments and lithotypes of the Santa Catarina island was very useful to determinate the sedimentary provenance of ilmenite sandy grains.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)