Sample records for crystal doping
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 2 shown.



1

Crescimento de cristais de rubi e safira pelo método do fluxo/ Growth of ruby and sapphire crystals by the flux method

Ribeiro, Gislene da Silva; Prado, Rogério Junqueira
2010-01-01

Resumo em inglês This work reports the growth of corundum crystals by the flux method. The main objective was the evaluation of versatility, effectiveness and real possibilities of the flux method to the synthesis and doping of monocrystals with impurities of particular interest. In this work the chosen impurities were i) Cr and ii) Fe and Ti, aiming the synthesis of rubies and sapphires, respectively. The crystals were grown by heating a mixture of Al2O3:Cr or Al2O3:Fe:Ti and flux (MoO3) (mais) . The maximum crystal size obtained was 1.0 mm, all transparent, presenting well developed faces, bipiramidal hexagonal shape, and showing a typical red (ruby) and/or light blue (sapphire) color. EDX and XPD experiments were performed in order to characterize some of the synthesized crystals. All crystallized specimens presented the α-alumina atomic structure.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)

2

Caracterização de quartzo para obtenção de suas variedades gemológicas por irradiação gama e/ou tratamento térmico/ Quartz characterization to obtain its gemological varieties by means of gamma irradiation and/or heat treatment

Drummond, Ney Friedemann; Mendes, Júlio César; Lameiras, Fernando Soares
2010-09-01

Resumo em português Apesar da grande produção de quartzo em Minas Gerais, pouco é conhecido sobre a influência do ambiente geológico na geração das variedades coloridas através de tratamento. Sabe-se que a irradiação gama, seguida ou não de aquecimento, conduz à formação de cores, tais como acontece com a ametista, prasiolita, green gold, beer, cognac, whisky e champagne. Amostras de ambientes hidrotermal e pegmatítico foram submetidas a ensaios por espectroscopia de absorçã (mais) o na região do infravermelho por transformada de Fourier (FTIR) e irradiação gama seguida ou não de tratamento térmico. Os espectros obtidos por FTIR mostram bandas correlacionadas a elementos dopantes, os quais indicam o potencial da amostra pelo aparecimento de cor e permitem determinar as doses que serão aplicadas na irradiação gama e as temperaturas que serão utilizadas no tratamento térmico. Os resultados dos ensaios mostraram que quartzo de ambiente hidrotermal com valores anômalos de ferro, com banda FTIR a 3.585cm-1, fator fa > 3,3 e área entre 400 e 600u.a*cm-1, poderá desenvolver a cor violeta; quartzo com anomalias de lítio na estrutura do cristal derivado de núcleo de pegmatitos altamente diferenciados ricos em minerais de lítio apresentando banda FTIR a 3.485cm-1, fator fLi > 2,0 e irradiado com doses de 65 a 400kGy pode desenvolver cores amarelo-esverdeadas a acastanhadas. É possível concluir que ametista e prasiolita são produzidas de quartzo de ambiente hidrotermal, enquanto variedades gemológicas raras, tais como green gold, beer, cognac, whisky e champagne são produzidas de quartzo de pegmatitos altamente diferenciados, que contêm minerais de lítio. Resumo em inglês Despite the large production of quartz in Minas Gerais, little is known about the geological environment influence on the generation of colored varieties by treatment. It is known that gamma irradiation, followed or not by heating, leads to the generation of colors such as amethyst, prasiolite, green gold, beer, cognac, whisky and champagne. Samples from hydrothermal and pegmatitic environments were subjected to tests by absorption spectrometry in the infrared region with (mais) the FOURIER transform (FTIR), gamma irradiation and heat treatment. The obtained FTIR-spectra show characteristic bands correlated to doping-elements, which indicates the color appearance potential of the sample, and allow to quantify the applied doses of gamma irradiation and the temperatures in heat treatment. The results of the tests indicate that quartz from a hydrothermal environment with anomalous levels of iron, with FTIR-band of 3585cm-1, factor fa > 3.3 and area between 400 a 600u.a*cm-1, may develop a violet color; quartz with lithium anomaly in the crystal structure derived from nuclei of highly differentiated pegmatites rich in lithium minerals, presenting FTIR-band of 3485cm-1, fLi factor > 2 and irradiated with doses of 65 to 400kGy, may develop yellow-green and brown colors. It is possible to conclude that amethyst and prasiolite are produced from quartz from a hydrothermal environment, while rare varieties such as green gold, beer, cognac, whisky and champagne are generated from quartz from highly differentiated pegmatites that bear Li-minerals.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Portuguese)