Sample records for HORNILLOS (stoves)

Sample records 1 - 2 shown.


Quemaduras en niños por volcamiento de cocina/ Childhood burns caused by stoves tipping over

Saavedra O, Rolando; Contreras N, Claudia; Cortés P, Liliana; Cornejo A, Edith

Resumen en español En el Centro de Rehabilitación de COANIQUEM en Santiago de Chile ingresaron en 1998 3 245 niños, de los cuales 213 niños sufrieron quemaduras originadas por el volcamiento de una cocina (VC). Se evaluó la incidencia de VC, las características de los afectados, la gravedad de las lesiones y se compararon con los 3 032 pacientes restantes (C). Resultados: VC correspondió al 6,6% de los pacientes. Fueron varones 70,9% en VC y 52,2% en C (p NS); tenían menos de 2 años (mas) 83,1% en VC y 46% en C (p 0,0114). Tenían lesiones múltiples 67,7% de niños VC y 32,6% de C (p Resumen en inglés At COANIQUEM Burn Rehabilitation Centre (Saniago, Chile) 213 children with burns caused by a stove tipping over were attended during a one year period. These accidents occur because the patient or another ciñid leans on an open stove door, tilting the stove and in consequence a pot of hot liquid spills onto the child. This type of injury corresponds to 6.6% of chudren attending the wound care clinic. 151 (70.9%) were males and 177 (83.1%) were toddlers. These injuries ca (mas) used multiple wounds in 144 (67.7%), the legs being most frequently involved (69.5%). 85 (39.9%) patients were hospitalised in other centres before or after their treatment in COANIQUEM, owing to the seriousness of their injuries. This rate triplicates that observed in those acute cases attending our institution. 71 out of 117 (60.7%) patients who were hospitalised or had ambulatory surgury remained in scar rehabilitation treatment one year later. The projection of this rate to the whole country seems to justify the adoption of specific preventive measures

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)


Fuentes de contaminación intradomiciliaria y enfermedad respiratoria en jardines infantiles y salas cunas de Temuco y Padre Las Casas, Chile/ Association between indoor contamination and respiratory diseases in children living in Temuco and Padre Las Casas, Chile

Rivas R, Edith; Barrios C, Sara; Dorner P, Anita; Osorio S, Ximena

Resumen en inglés Background: Indoor air pollution, is the main cause of population exposure to polluting agents. Aim: To establish an environmental profile of indoor contamination emission sources in families of children under 5years that assist to kindergartens in Temuco and Padre Las Casas. To associate respiratory disease episodes in children with indoor contamination. Material and methods: Cross sectional analysis of 355 family groups subjected to questionnaires about indoor contamina (mas) tion and number of respiratory disease episodes. Results: Forty six percent of mothers or caregivers smoked, 37% smoked at home and 93% smoked one to two cigarettes per day. There was a significant association between respiratory diseases in children and drying clothes in the kitchen, using firewood for heating and the presence of humidity in the dwelling. Mothers identified as indoor contaminants the use of braziers in 76% of cases and firewood stoves in 24%. Ninety seven percent considered that these appliances were detrimental for respiratory health. Conclusions: The lack of awareness about indoor contamination among subjects of low socioeconomic status, should prompt educational campaigns to modify behaviors in their dwellings

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)