Sample records for EDIFICIOS DEL GOBIERNO (government buildings)
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1

LAS "TOMAS" DE COLEGIOS DURANTE LA REPÚBLICA LIBERAL, 1936-1942: PARTE DE LA ESTRUCTURA DISCURSIVA DE LA VIOLENCIA/ THE SEIZURE OF SCHOOLS DURING THE LIBERAL REPUBLIC, 1936-1942: PART OF THE DISCURSIVE STRUCTURE OF LA VIOLENCIA

Williford, Thomas J
2009-09-01

Resumen en español Después de 1935, cuando la abstención electoral conservadora favoreció un gobierno completamente liberal, el sueño de una instrucción pública laica se afirmó entre los liberales colombianos. Los mandatarios liberales de varios municipios decidieron terminar los contratos que tenían con el clero para enseñar en edificios estatales; las "tomas" de esos colegios se convirtieron en teatro político, con acusaciones mutuas de conspiraciones armadas, inspirados por la (mas) Guerra Civil Española. Esos hechos serían una parte importante de la estructura discursiva de los protagonistas de La Violencia de los años cuarenta y cincuenta para justificar las masacres de los miembros del partido opuesto. Resumen en inglés After the 1935 elections, in which Conservative electoral abstention resulted in a completely Liberal government, the dream of secular public education animated Colombian Liberals. In various municipalities, Liberal leaders ended contracts with the Catholic clergy to operate schools in public buildings; the seizures of these schools became acts of political theater, with mutual accusations between the parties of armed plots inspired by the Spanish Civil War. These seizure (mas) s would become part of the discursive structure of the protagonists of La Violencia in the 1940s and 1950s, justifying for them the massacres of members of the opposite party.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

2

Using Multi-Threshold Threshold Gates in RTD-based Logic Design. A Case Study

Pettenghi, Héctor; Avedillo, María J.; Quintana, José M.
2007-08-14

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

3

Trasdosantes 'duros' a la flexión de gran eficiencia acústica

Moreno, Antonio; Simón, Francisco; Colina, Carlos de la; Fernández, María José
2006-10-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

4

Transgrediendo el derecho de los que nos vulneran: Espacios ocupados y recuperados en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires

Carman, María; Yacovino, María Paula
2007-06-01

Resumen en español En este artículo comparamos la toma de inmuebles, públicos o privados -acaecida en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires desde la vuelta a la democracia-, con el fenómeno de la "recuperación" de espacios por parte de las asambleas barriales, que comenzaron a surgir luego de los "cacerolazos" de fines de 2001. Abordamos sus momentos de auge y sus formas de legitimación, así como el posterior debilitamiento de ambas prácticas, a partir de una serie de desalojos ejemplares por parte del Estado. Resumen en inglés This article presents a comparative analysis of squatting in public / private buildings in the City of Buenos Aires after the return to democracy, and the so-called "recovering" of spaces by neighborhood assemblies that emerged after the cacerolazos (pot-banging) in late 2001. The study focuses on their climax and their struggle for legitimacy, as well as on their subsequent failing after a series of exemplary government evictions.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

5

The pozzolanic properties of paper sludge waste

García, R.; Vigil de la Villa, R.; Vegas, Iñigo; Frías, M.; Sánchez de Rojas, María Isabel
2008-07-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

6

Spanish Public Research Centres' responses to changes: diversification of funding sources

Alonso, Sonia; Remo Fernández, José; Sanz Menéndez, Luis
2000-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

9

Programa de Protección Ambiental y Bioseguridad en el Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente/ Environmental protection and biosecurity program at the National Institute of Psichiatry Ramón de la Fuente

Nieto, Itzchel; Murillo, Susana; Rojo, Maricela; Asai, Miguel
2008-04-01

Resumen en español A partir de 1998, en el Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente (INPRF) se iniciaron las actividades del Programa de Protección Ambiental y Civil (PPAyC). Sus objetivos son dar cumplimiento a los requisitos legales, prevenir riesgos, generar estrategias de atención a emergencias, capacitar a la población interna y mejorar el uso y aprovechamiento de los recursos institucionales. El propósito del presente trabajo es presentar los resultados obtenidos des (mas) pués de nueve años de trabajo del PPAyC en las áreas de manejo de residuos biológico-infecciosos, ahorro de energía eléctrica, uso y optimización de agua potable, control de emisiones a la atmósfera de los equipos fijos de combustión, seguridad radiológica y simulacros de emergencia. Residuos peligrosos biológico-infecciosos (RPBI). Con el objeto de reducir riesgos y prevenir accidentes, en el INPRF se implementó un procedimiento operativo para el manejo de los residuos peligrosos biológico-infecciosos en todas las áreas generadoras. Los resultados de las estrategias aplicadas muestran que la cantidad de los residuos y sus costos de manejo han disminuido gradualmente y se han observado mejores prácticas de manejo de residuos por parte de los trabajadores involucrados, con la consecuente reducción de riesgos. Ahorro de energía. Ante la necesidad de optimizar el uso de la energía, disminuir costos y crear conciencia entre la población, se implementó en todo el país el programa de ahorro de energía. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que, a partir de la implementación de las estrategias de ahorro en el INPRF, se obtuvo una reducción en el consumo de energía de 9.6% anual acumulado entre 2004 y 2005. Uso y aprovechamiento de agua potable. A partir de 2003, en el INPRF se implementaron medidas destinadas a disminuir el consumo per capita de agua potable que se recibe por la red municipal y optimizar su uso en las instalaciones. Como resultado se observó una disminución gradual en el uso de agua potable, de tal manera que, de los 170 litros/persona que se utilizaban en 2003, en 2006 únicamente se utilizaron 98 litros/persona. Seguridad radiológica. El programa de seguridad radiológica en el INPRF se inició con el objeto de minimizar los riesgos y efectos adversos que pudieran generar los materiales radiactivos en la salud del personal expuesto ocupacionalmente (POE), prevenir accidentes y cumplir con la normatividad. Como resultado de estas acciones, ningún POE ha excedido el máximo valor de dosis total acumulada (DTA) de radiaciones ionizantes permitido por la Comisión Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardas (CNSNS) para cuerpo total. Por otro lado, a la fecha no se han registrado accidentes o contaminación con materiales o residuos radiactivos. Simulacros. En el INPRF se implementó un programa de protección civil, cuya labor principal fue la de capacitar periódicamente a los trabajadores para responder ante situaciones de emergencia. Como resultado de los simulacros de sismo que se han realizado (40 parciales y siete generales), se han reducido gradualmente los tiempos de desalojo de los inmuebles y la detección oportuna y sistemática de elementos de seguridad que requieren ser reparados o instalados. Emisiones a la atmósfera. En cumplimiento con la normatividad vigente en la Ciudad de México, en el INPRF se elaboró el programa de mantenimiento anual preventivo y correctivo de las dos calderas que dotan de agua caliente a la institución. Como resultado, se detectó la necesidad de sustituir los equipos por otros que utilizaran tecnología más limpia. Esto favoreció el cumplimiento de los límites máximos permitidos para emisiones gaseosas contaminantes y los costos de mantenimiento se redujeron. Discusión La implementación de diversas estrategias en materia de protección ambiental y civil y la capacitación reducen los riesgos del personal y protegen los bienes inmuebles y el entorno de la ciudad que habitamos. Resumen en inglés Since the beginning, mankind has been subjected to various natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, droughts and wildfires. Therefore, societies have to organize themselves in order to cope with nature, provide support to each other and to protect the most vulnerable individuals and their properties. Depending on their social organization, some countries have developed their response strategies in the field of civil protection faster than others. After S (mas) eptember 19th, 1985, when an earthquake of Richter magnitude of 8.1 affected Mexico City, the Mexican government decided to establish the guidelines of the National Civil Protection System (SINAPROC). After a few years, the Environmental Protection and Ecological Equilibrium Law was published. This environmental protection regulation is specific and is directed to minimize the negative impact over the environment that could be generated through industrial activities, as well as from research centers, hospitals, and others institutions. To ensure full compliance with the Mexican regulations, in 1998 the Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente (INPRF) initiated the Environmental and Civil Protection Program (ECPP). The aim of this program is to meet the legal and operational requirements applicable to an institution which has biomedical research, administration and hospitalization areas. In addition, the ECPP is in charge of giving workers training and generating specific strategies for environmental management in all activities that take place at the Institute. By establishing compliance guidelines to meet the government regulations on environmental and civil protection, the INPRF would develop strategies for minimizing risks, as well as staff training to enhance the use of institutional resources and reduce the response time to deal with emergencies. Objective Since its foundation, the environmental and civil protection program at the INPRF has had two basic objectives: 1. to attend the legal and operative requirements in a third level institution conformed by hospitalization, teaching, research and administrative areas, and 2. to offer continuous training to the internal population of a hospital in order to minimize work risks, to make an optimum use of the institutional resources and to reduce the response time of the workers in emergency situations. To develop and implement such an environmental and civil protection program, the following areas have been considered: Biohazardous wastes, saving electricity, use and optimization of drinking water, control of air emissions from stationary combustion equipment, radiation safety and emergency response procedures. The purpose of this work is to show the results achieved by ECPP after nine years since its inception. Results Biohazardous wastes (BW), by definition, are those materials generated during medical care which contain biological agents that may cause adverse effects to human health and the environment. BW are generated frequently in biomedical research areas, clinical laboratories and hospitals. In order to minimize risks and prevent accidents, INPRF implemented since 1997 an operating procedure for handling biohazardous wastes in all generating areas. Some of those strategies are directed to training medical personnel (physicians, nurses and clinical laboratory technicians) about the identification and classification of biohazardous wastes. Moreover, we have designed and distributed different kinds of written ads in order to help people to recognize and separate wastes correctly. Besides the latter actions, the INPRF hired a registered and certificated company which provides the proper recollection, treatment and final disposal of biological wastes, according to current legal ordinances. As a result of those strategies in the handling of biohazardous wastes in the Institution, the amount of wastes and their disposal costs have gradually decreased. Through staff training, personnel have learned to do a proper segregation of wastes, reducing the quantities of BW and therefore reducing risks. Energy saving. As a way to optimize the institutional resources, as well as reducing costs and creating awareness among the people, the INPRF's Energy Saving program was implemented in 2003. Since 2003, when ECPP began implementing the saving strategies, accumulated energy consumption per year had a 9.6% reduction between 2004 and 2005. Use of potable water. In the search for strategies to optimize the use of potable water that is received through the municipal network, in 2003 the INPRF-ECPP implemented measures aimed not only at reducing the per capita consumption of potable water but also to give it a proper use on the institution areas. As a result of these saving measures, there was a gradual decrease in the use of drinking water. So, from the 170 liters/person-day used in 2003, during 2006 only 98 liters/person-day were used. Radiological safety. Due to the adverse effects to human health that could result from exposure to radioactive materials, an institution that uses this kind of material in its basic biomedical research area must implement the necessary actions to minimize the risk of contamination for users and work areas. For that reason, the INPRF began the Radiological Safety Program, which had as its main objectives to minimize the risks and to prevent accidents involving radioactive materials based on regulation compliance. As a result of these strategies, the maximum value of the total dose accumulated per year of ionizing radiation received by personnel exposed who has carried out research in this institution in recent years has been of 3.14 mSv. Therefore, it had not exceeded the annual limit dose of ionizing radiation allowed for the total body by the Comisión Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardas (CNSNS) of 50 mSv = 5rem. To date, there has been no accidents or contamination with radioactive materials or wastes in the INPRF. Emergency simulations. Considering the need of being prepared for emergencies and to comply with the regulation that establishes the compulsory conducting simulations in INPRF, the Internal Committee for Civil Protection (ICPC) conducts periodic training of employees on risk prevention, through courses and simulations of situations of earthquake, attempt of fire, handling of hazardous substances spills and first aid. As a result of the earthquake simulations that have been carried out at the INPRF, the time of evacuation of workers, hospitalized patients and floating population from buildings has gradually reduced. An additional advantage of conducting emergency simulations has been the early detection of systematic security features that need to be repaired or installed. Emissions to air. In recent years, increasingly strict regulation and monitoring of gaseous emissions generated by stationary and mobile sources in Mexico City has been established. In order to comply with the current regulations, it became necessary to develop a program of annual preventive and corrective maintenance of combustion equipment that is used to provide hot water, and to make periodic analysis of gaseous emissions. Among the parameters that have to be reported are: temperature of combustion gases, monoxide and dioxide carbon content, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide percentages and generated soot.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

12

Optimization of Bacteriocin Production by Batch Fermentation of Lactobacillus plantarum LPCO10

Leal-Sánchez, M. Vega; Jiménez Díaz, Rufino; Maldonado-Barragán, Antonio; Garrido Fernández, Antonio; Ruiz-Barba, José Luis
2002-09-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

13

Model building by coset space dimensional reduction scheme

Jittoh, Toshifumi; Koike, Masafumi; Nomura, Takaaki; Sato, Joe; Shimomura, Takashi
2009-03-31

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

16

Local rank exploratory analysis of evolving rank-deficient systems

Juan, Anna de; Navea, Susana; Diewok, Josef; Tauler Ferré, Romà
2004-01-28

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

17

La Ley del Ruido y sus implicaciones en la edificación

Romero Fernández, Amelia; Carrascal García, M.ª Teresa
2005-08-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

18

Key knowledge providers as sources of innovation in firms

Fernández Esquinas, Manuel; Ramos Vielba, Irene; Merchán Hernández, Carmen; Martínez-Fernández, Cristina
2009-06-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

19

K-Ar ages and magnetic stratigraphy of a hotspot-induced, fast grown oceanic island: El Hierro, Canary Islands

Guillou, H.; Carracedo, Juan Carlos; Pérez Torrado, F. J.; Rodríguez-Badiola, E.
1996-09-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

20

Europeización del bienestar y activación

Moreno, Luis; Serrano Pascual, Amparo
2007-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

22

Epithelial-mesenchymal transitions: the importance of changing cell state in development and disease

Acloque, Hervé; Adams, Meghan S.; Fishwick, Katherine; Bronner-Fraser, Marianne; Nieto, M. Ángela
2009-06-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

23

Cinética de carbonatación de morteros experimentales de cal de tipo romano

Sánchez-Moral, S.; García Guinea, Javier; Luque, L.; González-Martín, R.; López-Arce, Paula
2004-09-30

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

24

Calidad de vida de adultos mayores pobres de viviendas básicas: Estudio comparativo mediante uso de WHOQoL-BREF/ Quality of life of elderly subjects living in basic social dwellings

Torres H, Marisa; Quezada V, Margarita; Rioseco H, Reinaldo; Ducci V, María Elena
2008-03-01

Resumen en inglés Background: In Chile, the government is providing basic dwellings to poor elderly subjects that do not have a place to live. These dwellings may be located in buildings or in codominiums. Aim: To assess the quality of life perception of elderly subjects whose dwellings are located in buildings or in condominiums. Material and methods: The brief version of the quality of life questionnaire designed for the elderly by the World Health Organization (WHOQoL-BREF) was applied (mas) to elderly subjects of seven poor communities of Metropolitan Santiago, that lived in basic dwellings located in buildings or condominiums. The questionnaire includes questions about physical, psychological, social relations and environment domains. Results: The questionnaire was answered by 124 elderly subjects aged 60 to 90 years, living in condominiums and 152 subjects aged 62 to 94 years, living in buildings. Satisfaction was of moderate or high level for physical, psychological and social relations domains. Those living in condominiums had a better satisfaction level in this last domain. The level of satisfaction of the environment domain was moderate and better for those living in condominiums. The perception of quality of life deteriorated along with age. Conclusions: Elderly subjects living in basic dwellings located in condominiums have a better quality of life perception than those living in buildings

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

25

Assessing the cleaning methods on the limestone façades in the formerly Workers Hospital of Madrid, Spain

Pérez-Monserrat, Elena M.; Varas, María José; Fort González, Rafael; Álvarez de Buergo, Mónica
2007-06-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

26

Aportación de los forjados de poliestireno expandido a la mejora de la transmisión de ruido de impactos

Rozas, M. J. de; Escudero, S.; Colina, Carlos de la; Peña, Miguel A.; Rodríguez Alves, Rosa M.ª; Cortés, A.; Esteban, A.
2003-10-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

28

3-(Aminomethyl)-2-(carboxymethyl)isoxazolidinyl nucleosides: building blocks for peptide nucleic acid analogues

Merino, Pedro; Tejero, Tomás; Matés, Juan; Chiacchio, Ugo; Corsaro, Antonio; Romeo, Giovanni
2007-06-17

Digital.CSIC (Spain)