Sample records for PREVENCION DE INCENDIOS (fire prevention)
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1

El manejo forestal en el contexto de la adaptación al cambio climático/ Tropical Forest Management and Climate Change Adaptation/ A gestao florestal no contexto da adaptacao a mudanca climática

Guariguata, Manuel R
2009-04-01

Resumen en portugués A relacáo entre as selvas trapicáis e a mudança climática global está focada principalmente na mitigacáo, enquanto se presta menos atencáo em como é que as atividades de gestáo podem ajudar os ecossistemas forestais na adaptacáo a essas mudanças. Esse documento argúi sobre a forma em que algumas práticas de gestáo forestal podem contribuir com a manutencáo ou aprimoramento da capacidade de adaptacáo dos bosques naturais ou das plantacóes forestais á muda (mas) nça climática global. Igualmente, considera os desafios e oportunidades verificadas com a incorporacáo da gestáo de bosques trapicáis no contexto mais amplo da adaptacáo á mudança climática. Além da extracáo de baixo impacto para manter a integridade do ecossistema são necessárias outras aborda-gens como a prevencáo e manejo de incêndios, bem como opcóes especificas de silvicultura para favorecer a adaptacáo genética. A gestáo de plantacóes forestais oferece oportunidades adicionáis de aplicar, em plantacóes situadas em bosques naturais, medidas de adaptacáo não só industrial, mas também de pequeña escala. Embora, quando comparadas com as práticas atuais, não é preciso fazer grandes esforços adicionáis para incorporar as medidas de gestáo forestal voltadas para melhorar a adaptacáo á mudança climática, até hoje pouco ou nada foi feito nesse respeito. Até que ponto a pesquisa forestal e as políticas nacionais promovem a apli-cacáo de práticas de gestáo (muitas délas não precisam de investigacáo a fundo) que ajudem os bosques de producáo a se adaptar á mudança climática? O estabelecimento de prioridades de adaptacáo nos programas de desenvolvimento e planejamento forestal nacional podem ser o primeiro passo para a incorporacáo da mudança climática na gestáo forestal tropical. Resumen en español La relación entre los bosques tropicales y el cambio climático global se ha centrado más en la mitigación, mientras que se ha prestado menos atención a cómo las actividades de manejo pueden ayudar a los ecosistemas forestales a adaptarse a dicho cambio. Este documento discute la manera en que algunas prácticas de manejo forestal tropical pueden contribuir a mantener o mejorar la capacidad de adaptación de los bosques naturales o las plantaciones forestales al camb (mas) io climático global. Asimismo, considera los desafíos y oportunidades que se presentan al incorporar el manejo de bosques tropicales en el contexto más amplio de la adaptación al cambio climático. Además de la extracción de bajo impacto para mantener la integridad del ecosistema, se necesitarían otros enfoques como la prevención y manejo de incendios, así como opciones silviculturales específicas para favorecer la adaptación genética. El manejo de plantaciones forestales ofrece oportunidades adicionales a aquellas en bosques naturales, para implementar medidas de adaptación, tanto industrial como de pequeña escala. Si bien la integración de las medidas de manejo forestal destinadas a mejorar la adaptación al cambio climático no requeriría de mayores esfuerzos adicionales en relación con las prácticas actuales, hasta la fecha poco o nada se ha hecho al respecto. ¿Hasta qué punto la investigación forestal y las políticas nacionales están promoviendo la adopción de prácticas de manejo (muchas de ellas no necesitan investigarse a fondo) que ayuden a los bosques de producción a adaptarse al cambio climático? La priorización de la adaptación en los programas de desarrollo y planificación forestal nacional puede representar un primer paso hacia la incorporación del cambio climático en el manejo forestal tropical. Resumen en inglés The links between tropical forests and global climate change have traditionally focused on mitigation. Much less emphasis, by contrast, has been devoted to how management activities may help forest ecosystems adapt to a changing climate. This article discusses how some kinds of forestry management practices can help maintain or enhance the adaptive capacity of natural and planted tropical forests to global climate change. It also outlines some challenges, as well as oppor (mas) tunities, for integrating tropical forest management into climate-change adaptation more broadly. In addition to the use of reduced-impact logging to maintain ecosystem integrity, other approaches, such as fire prevention and management as well as specific silvicultural options aimed at facilitating genetic adaptation, may be needed. The normally higher intensity of management in tree plantations (compared to natural forests) offers additional opportunities for implementing adaptation measures at both the industrial and smallholder level. Although the integration of measures aimed at enhancing adaptation to climate change may not involve substantial deviations from current practices, little action appears to have been taken on the ground. Up to what point have forestry research and national policies promoted the adoption of management practices (many of which do not need much additional investigation) that assist exploited forests adapt to climate change? Prioritizing adaptation in national development and forestry planning can serve as a first step towards incorporating climate change into tropical forestry management.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

3

Root characteristics of representative Mediterranean plant species and their erosion-reducing potential during concentrated runoff

Baets, S. de; Poesen, Jean; Knappen, A.; González Barberá, Gonzalo; Navarro-Cano, J. A.
2007-05-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

5

Quemadura labial por combustión durante la realización de una blefaroplastia/ Lower lip burn due to a fire during a blepharoplasty procedure

Toledano Fernández, N; García Sáenz, S; Sánchez Cruz, J; Racionero Anido, O
2005-05-01

Resumen en español Caso clínico: Paciente de 63 años que es sometida a una blefaroplastia bilateral bajo anestesia local; durante el transcurso de la misma se desencadena un incendio en quirófano debido a una chispa producida por el bisturí eléctrico. Como consecuencia del incendio se producen quemaduras en la paciente con secuelas estéticas. Discusión: Se comentan los factores causales de los incendios en quirófano y cuáles deben ser las medidas a tomar para evitarlos. Resumen en inglés Case report: A 63-year-old woman underwent bilateral blepharoplasty under local anesthesia and sedation. During surgery a fire started due to an electrocautery spark. The fire resulted in cosmetic sequelae. Discussion: The factors causing a fire in the operating room are discussed and suggestions made for prevention of this complication.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

6

Programa de Protección Ambiental y Bioseguridad en el Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente/ Environmental protection and biosecurity program at the National Institute of Psichiatry Ramón de la Fuente

Nieto, Itzchel; Murillo, Susana; Rojo, Maricela; Asai, Miguel
2008-04-01

Resumen en español A partir de 1998, en el Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente (INPRF) se iniciaron las actividades del Programa de Protección Ambiental y Civil (PPAyC). Sus objetivos son dar cumplimiento a los requisitos legales, prevenir riesgos, generar estrategias de atención a emergencias, capacitar a la población interna y mejorar el uso y aprovechamiento de los recursos institucionales. El propósito del presente trabajo es presentar los resultados obtenidos des (mas) pués de nueve años de trabajo del PPAyC en las áreas de manejo de residuos biológico-infecciosos, ahorro de energía eléctrica, uso y optimización de agua potable, control de emisiones a la atmósfera de los equipos fijos de combustión, seguridad radiológica y simulacros de emergencia. Residuos peligrosos biológico-infecciosos (RPBI). Con el objeto de reducir riesgos y prevenir accidentes, en el INPRF se implementó un procedimiento operativo para el manejo de los residuos peligrosos biológico-infecciosos en todas las áreas generadoras. Los resultados de las estrategias aplicadas muestran que la cantidad de los residuos y sus costos de manejo han disminuido gradualmente y se han observado mejores prácticas de manejo de residuos por parte de los trabajadores involucrados, con la consecuente reducción de riesgos. Ahorro de energía. Ante la necesidad de optimizar el uso de la energía, disminuir costos y crear conciencia entre la población, se implementó en todo el país el programa de ahorro de energía. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que, a partir de la implementación de las estrategias de ahorro en el INPRF, se obtuvo una reducción en el consumo de energía de 9.6% anual acumulado entre 2004 y 2005. Uso y aprovechamiento de agua potable. A partir de 2003, en el INPRF se implementaron medidas destinadas a disminuir el consumo per capita de agua potable que se recibe por la red municipal y optimizar su uso en las instalaciones. Como resultado se observó una disminución gradual en el uso de agua potable, de tal manera que, de los 170 litros/persona que se utilizaban en 2003, en 2006 únicamente se utilizaron 98 litros/persona. Seguridad radiológica. El programa de seguridad radiológica en el INPRF se inició con el objeto de minimizar los riesgos y efectos adversos que pudieran generar los materiales radiactivos en la salud del personal expuesto ocupacionalmente (POE), prevenir accidentes y cumplir con la normatividad. Como resultado de estas acciones, ningún POE ha excedido el máximo valor de dosis total acumulada (DTA) de radiaciones ionizantes permitido por la Comisión Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardas (CNSNS) para cuerpo total. Por otro lado, a la fecha no se han registrado accidentes o contaminación con materiales o residuos radiactivos. Simulacros. En el INPRF se implementó un programa de protección civil, cuya labor principal fue la de capacitar periódicamente a los trabajadores para responder ante situaciones de emergencia. Como resultado de los simulacros de sismo que se han realizado (40 parciales y siete generales), se han reducido gradualmente los tiempos de desalojo de los inmuebles y la detección oportuna y sistemática de elementos de seguridad que requieren ser reparados o instalados. Emisiones a la atmósfera. En cumplimiento con la normatividad vigente en la Ciudad de México, en el INPRF se elaboró el programa de mantenimiento anual preventivo y correctivo de las dos calderas que dotan de agua caliente a la institución. Como resultado, se detectó la necesidad de sustituir los equipos por otros que utilizaran tecnología más limpia. Esto favoreció el cumplimiento de los límites máximos permitidos para emisiones gaseosas contaminantes y los costos de mantenimiento se redujeron. Discusión La implementación de diversas estrategias en materia de protección ambiental y civil y la capacitación reducen los riesgos del personal y protegen los bienes inmuebles y el entorno de la ciudad que habitamos. Resumen en inglés Since the beginning, mankind has been subjected to various natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, droughts and wildfires. Therefore, societies have to organize themselves in order to cope with nature, provide support to each other and to protect the most vulnerable individuals and their properties. Depending on their social organization, some countries have developed their response strategies in the field of civil protection faster than others. After S (mas) eptember 19th, 1985, when an earthquake of Richter magnitude of 8.1 affected Mexico City, the Mexican government decided to establish the guidelines of the National Civil Protection System (SINAPROC). After a few years, the Environmental Protection and Ecological Equilibrium Law was published. This environmental protection regulation is specific and is directed to minimize the negative impact over the environment that could be generated through industrial activities, as well as from research centers, hospitals, and others institutions. To ensure full compliance with the Mexican regulations, in 1998 the Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente (INPRF) initiated the Environmental and Civil Protection Program (ECPP). The aim of this program is to meet the legal and operational requirements applicable to an institution which has biomedical research, administration and hospitalization areas. In addition, the ECPP is in charge of giving workers training and generating specific strategies for environmental management in all activities that take place at the Institute. By establishing compliance guidelines to meet the government regulations on environmental and civil protection, the INPRF would develop strategies for minimizing risks, as well as staff training to enhance the use of institutional resources and reduce the response time to deal with emergencies. Objective Since its foundation, the environmental and civil protection program at the INPRF has had two basic objectives: 1. to attend the legal and operative requirements in a third level institution conformed by hospitalization, teaching, research and administrative areas, and 2. to offer continuous training to the internal population of a hospital in order to minimize work risks, to make an optimum use of the institutional resources and to reduce the response time of the workers in emergency situations. To develop and implement such an environmental and civil protection program, the following areas have been considered: Biohazardous wastes, saving electricity, use and optimization of drinking water, control of air emissions from stationary combustion equipment, radiation safety and emergency response procedures. The purpose of this work is to show the results achieved by ECPP after nine years since its inception. Results Biohazardous wastes (BW), by definition, are those materials generated during medical care which contain biological agents that may cause adverse effects to human health and the environment. BW are generated frequently in biomedical research areas, clinical laboratories and hospitals. In order to minimize risks and prevent accidents, INPRF implemented since 1997 an operating procedure for handling biohazardous wastes in all generating areas. Some of those strategies are directed to training medical personnel (physicians, nurses and clinical laboratory technicians) about the identification and classification of biohazardous wastes. Moreover, we have designed and distributed different kinds of written ads in order to help people to recognize and separate wastes correctly. Besides the latter actions, the INPRF hired a registered and certificated company which provides the proper recollection, treatment and final disposal of biological wastes, according to current legal ordinances. As a result of those strategies in the handling of biohazardous wastes in the Institution, the amount of wastes and their disposal costs have gradually decreased. Through staff training, personnel have learned to do a proper segregation of wastes, reducing the quantities of BW and therefore reducing risks. Energy saving. As a way to optimize the institutional resources, as well as reducing costs and creating awareness among the people, the INPRF's Energy Saving program was implemented in 2003. Since 2003, when ECPP began implementing the saving strategies, accumulated energy consumption per year had a 9.6% reduction between 2004 and 2005. Use of potable water. In the search for strategies to optimize the use of potable water that is received through the municipal network, in 2003 the INPRF-ECPP implemented measures aimed not only at reducing the per capita consumption of potable water but also to give it a proper use on the institution areas. As a result of these saving measures, there was a gradual decrease in the use of drinking water. So, from the 170 liters/person-day used in 2003, during 2006 only 98 liters/person-day were used. Radiological safety. Due to the adverse effects to human health that could result from exposure to radioactive materials, an institution that uses this kind of material in its basic biomedical research area must implement the necessary actions to minimize the risk of contamination for users and work areas. For that reason, the INPRF began the Radiological Safety Program, which had as its main objectives to minimize the risks and to prevent accidents involving radioactive materials based on regulation compliance. As a result of these strategies, the maximum value of the total dose accumulated per year of ionizing radiation received by personnel exposed who has carried out research in this institution in recent years has been of 3.14 mSv. Therefore, it had not exceeded the annual limit dose of ionizing radiation allowed for the total body by the Comisión Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardas (CNSNS) of 50 mSv = 5rem. To date, there has been no accidents or contamination with radioactive materials or wastes in the INPRF. Emergency simulations. Considering the need of being prepared for emergencies and to comply with the regulation that establishes the compulsory conducting simulations in INPRF, the Internal Committee for Civil Protection (ICPC) conducts periodic training of employees on risk prevention, through courses and simulations of situations of earthquake, attempt of fire, handling of hazardous substances spills and first aid. As a result of the earthquake simulations that have been carried out at the INPRF, the time of evacuation of workers, hospitalized patients and floating population from buildings has gradually reduced. An additional advantage of conducting emergency simulations has been the early detection of systematic security features that need to be repaired or installed. Emissions to air. In recent years, increasingly strict regulation and monitoring of gaseous emissions generated by stationary and mobile sources in Mexico City has been established. In order to comply with the current regulations, it became necessary to develop a program of annual preventive and corrective maintenance of combustion equipment that is used to provide hot water, and to make periodic analysis of gaseous emissions. Among the parameters that have to be reported are: temperature of combustion gases, monoxide and dioxide carbon content, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide percentages and generated soot.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

7

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mountain soils of the subtropical Atlantic

Ribes, Alejandra; Grimalt, Joan O.; Torres García, Carlos J.; Cuevas, E.
2003-05-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

8
9

Is the potent 5-HT1A receptor agonist alnespirone (S-20499), affecting dopaminergic systems in the rat brain?

Dugast, Christophe; Soulière, Fabienne; Schmitt, Patricia; Casanovas, Josep M.; Fattaccini, Claude-Michelle; Mocaër, Elizabeth; Lesourd, Monique; Renaud, Bernard; Artigas, Francesc; Hamon, Michel; Chouvet, Guy
1998-06-05

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

10

Involvement of 5-HT1A receptors in prefrontal cortex in the modulation of dopaminergic activity. Role in atypical antipsychotic action

Díaz-Mataix, Llorenç; Scorza, M. Cecilia; Bortolozzi, Analía; Toth, Miklos; Celada, Pau; Artigas, Francesc
2005-11-23

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

11

Intraperiaqueductal gray glycine and D-serine exert dual effects on rostral ventromedial medulla ON- and OFF-cell activity and thermoceptive threshold in the rat.

Palazzo, Enza; Guida, Francesca; Migliozzi, Annalucia; Gatta, Luisa; Marabese, Ira; Loungo, Livio; Rossi, Claudia; Novellis, Vito de; Fernández-Sánchez, Enrique; Soukupova, Marie; Zafra Gómez, Francisco; Maione, Sabatino
2009-12-13

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

12

Human-caused wildfire risk rating for prevention planning in Spain

Martínez, Jesús; Vega-García, Cristina; Chuvieco, Emilio

12 pages, 4 figures.-- Online version published Aug 23, 2008. | This paper identifies human factors associated with high forest fire risk in Spain and analyses the spatial distribution of fire occurrence in the country. The spatial units were 6,066 municipalities of the Spanish peninsular territory ...

DRIVER (Spanish)

13

Human-caused wildfire risk rating for prevention planning in Spain

Martínez, Jesús; Vega-García, Cristina; Chuvieco, Emilio
2009-02-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

14

Geografía e Incendios Forestales

Chuvieco, Emilio; Martín Isabel, María Pilar; Martínez, Jesús; Salas, F. Javier
1998-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

17

Control of serotonergic neurons in rat brain by dopaminergic receptors outside the dorsal raphe nucleus

Martín-Ruiz, Raúl; Ugedo, Luisa; Honrubia, María Ángeles; Mengod Los Arcos, Guadalupe; Artigas, Francesc
2001-05-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

19

Conocimiento indígena vs científico: el conflicto por el uso del fuego en el parque nacional canaima, Venezuela

Rodríguez, Iokiñe
2004-03-01

Resumen en portugués É importante analisar e comparar o conhecimento ecológico sobre o fogo entre os indígenas "Pemones" no Parque Nacional Canaima, Venezuela, com o dos técnicos e científicos, para esclarecer as causas do longo conflito entre as duas partes pelo uso do fogo nesta área protegida. Durante décadas se tem tratado de restringir a queima de savana no Parque Nacional por parte dos "Pemones", devido à crença que o fogo causa a desaparição dos bosques. Os dados apresentado (mas) s expõem argumentos culturais e ambientais, até hoje ignoradas por científicos e técnicos, sobre os quais se baseia a lógica "Pemón" do uso do fogo. De modo similar a outros casos documentados na Austrália e África Ocidental, se demonstra que os "Pemones" utilizam a queima de savana como ferramenta de manejo da terra para prevenir grandes incêndios florestais. Esta informação é de importância para integrar a realidade cultural e ecológica da área ao programa de controle de incêndios existente no parque desde 1981. Também se analisam e se comparam as percepções sobre mudança ambiental entre os técnicos, científicos e "Pemones", considerando especialmente o papel do fogo neste processo. Existem coincidências e discordâncias importantes entre o conhecimento ecológico do fogo, que devem ser consideradas no desenho de um sistema de manejo do fogo que integre ambas formas de conhecimento. Resumen en español Es importante analizar y comparar el conocimiento ecológico sobre el fuego entre los indígenas Pemón en el Parque Nacional Canaima, Venezuela, con el de los técnicos y científicos, para esclarecer las causas del largo conflicto entre las dos partes por el uso del fuego en esta área protegida. Durante décadas se ha tratado de restringir la quema de sabana en el Parque Nacional por parte de los Pemón, debido a la creencia que el fuego causa la desaparición de los b (mas) osques. Los datos presentados exponen argumentos culturales y ambientales, hasta la fecha ignoradas por científicos y técnicos, sobre los cuales se basa la lógica Pemón del uso del fuego. De modo similar a otros casos documentados en Australia y Africa Occidental, se demuestra que los Pemón utilizan la quema de sabana como herramienta de manejo de la tierra para prevenir grandes incendios forestales. Esta información es de importancia para integrar la realidad cultural y ecológica del área al programa de control de incendios existente en el parque desde 1981. También se analizan y se comparan las percepciones sobre cambio ambiental entre los técnicos, científicos y Pemón, considerando especialmente el papel del fuego en este proceso. Existen coincidencias y discordancias importantes entre el conocimiento ecológico del fuego, que deben ser consideradas en el diseño de un sistema de manejo del fuego que integre ambas formas de conocimiento. Resumen en inglés In order to understand the causes of a long term conflict over the use of fire in Canaima National Park, Venezuela, it is important to analyze the Pemon indigenous people’s knowledge of fire ecology in comparison with that of opposing scientists and technicians. For decades managers have tried to eliminate savannah burning in the National Park by the Pemon in the belief that fire directly causes forest loss. Cultural and environmental information upon which the Pemon use (mas) of fire is based and which has hitherto been ignored by managers and technicians is presented herein. As in recently documented cases in Australia and West Africa, it is shown that the Pemon use fire as a land management tool in the prevention of large forest wildfires. This information is of importance for modifying the government fire control program which has been carried out since 1981. The perceptions of local environmental change held by technicians and scientists on one hand and the Pemon on the other are also analyzed and contrasted, with special emphasis on the role of fire. There are important points of concurrence as well as notable areas of disagreement which should be considered in the design of a fire management system based upon both knowledge systems.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

20

Comportamiento del suicidio en Ciudad de La Habana intervención de enfermería en la atención primaria de salud

Laferté Trebejo, Acela; Laferté Trebejo, Luisa Aleida
2000-08-01

Resumen en español Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal sobre el comportamiento del suicidio en Ciudad de La Habana, en el período comprendido entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 1996 y se comprobó mediante observación la intervención de Enfermería en la Atención Primaria de Salud, donde se realiza la promoción y prevención de este fenómeno a través del Proceso de Atención de Enfermería, porque este problema de salud tiene repercusión socioeco (mas) nómica. El suicidio es el acto humano de autolesionarse con la intención de acabar para siempre con la presión de una angustia que vivencia el individuo como insoportable. Según la OMS, este fenómeno está en aumento y se ubica entre las 10 primeras causas de muerte, estimando que al menos 1 000 personas se suicidan cada día. En nuestro país esta problemática también aumentó y ocupa la 9na causa de mortalidad general. El universo de trabajo estuvo constituido por los 272 certificados de defunción con causa básica de muerte por suicidio,y de la base de datos de la Dirección Provincial de Salud donde se estudiaron distintas variables como: edad, sexo, municipio de residencia, sitio de fallecimiento, unidad de legalización del certificado y métodos empleados para el suicidio. Se confeccionaron tablas y gráficos estadísticos y los resultados fueron: tendencia lineal ligeramente descendente del suicidio. Los municipios de Guanabacoa y Cotorro son los de mayores tasas ajustadas y los de menor indicador Centro Habana y Regla; hubo una mayor incidencia en los hombres, y los grupos etáreos de mayor afectación fueron los mayores de 60 años y el de 25 a 49 años. Por cada 1 000 personas menores de 65 años se dejaron de vivir 2 años y se perdieron más años de vida en el grupo de 25 a 49 años. El método más utilizado fue el ahorcamiento y después el fuego. El Instituto de Medicina Legal fue el centro que con mayor exactitud notificó estos casos. Se continúa cumpliendo el Programa Nacional de Prevención y Control de la Conducta Suicida, participando en el mismo de forma activa el médico y la enfermera de la familia, junto al psiquiatra, psicólogo y la trabajadora social y es dirigido hacia el individuo, su familia y el medio ambiente o comunidad. El objetivo de nuestra investigación fue caracterizar el comportamiento del suicidio. Resumen en inglés A cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study on suicidal behaviour in Havana City from January lst, to December 31st, l996, was conducted. It was possible to prove by observation the nursing intervention in Primary Health Care, where the prevention of this phenomenon is carried out through the Nursing Care Process, taking into account that this health problem has a socioeconomic repercussion. Suicide is the act of taking one's own life voluntarily to put an end (mas) to an anger one cannot stand any more. According to the World Health Organization, this phenomenon is increasing and is at present among the first10 causes of death in the world. It is estimated that at least 1000 people commit suicide every day. An increase of this problem has also been observed in our country, where it is the 9th cause of general mortality. The universe of work was composed of 272 death certificates with suicide as basic cause of death and of the data obtained from the database of the Provincial Health Division, where the following variables were studied: age, sex, municipality of residency, place of death, unit where the certificate was legalized and methods used to commit suicide. Tables and statistical graphs were made and it was observed a slightly descending lineal trend of suicide. The municipalities of Guanabacoa and Cotorro showed the highest adjusted rates, whereas those of Centro Habana and Regla had the lowest indicator. There was a higher incidence in men. The age group over 60 and that between 25 and 49 were the most affected. 2 years of life were lost per 1000 persons under 65. More years of life were lost among those aged 25-49. Hanging and fire were the most used methods. The Institute of Legal Medicine was the center that notified these cases with more precision The National Program of Prevention and Control of Suicidal Behaviour is being fulfilled. The family and nurse physician, the psychiatrist, the psychologist and the social worker take an active part in this program that is directed to the individual, his family and the community. The objective of our research was to to characterize suicidal behaviour.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

21

Antipsychotic drugs reverse the disruption in prefrontal cortex function produced by NMDA receptor blockade with phencyclidine

Kargieman, Lucila; Santana, Noemí; Mengod Los Arcos, Guadalupe; Celada, Pau; Artigas, Francesc
2007-09-11

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

22

A Mosaic of Functional Kainate Receptors in Hippocampal Interneurons

Christensen, Jeppe K.; Paternain, Ana V.; Selak, Sanja; Ahring, Philip K.; Lerma Gómez, Juan
2004-10-13

Digital.CSIC (Spain)