Sample records for COMUNIDAD ECONOMICA EUROPEA (european economic community)
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1

EL ACUERDO PESQUERO ENTRE LA ARGENTINA Y LA COMUNIDAD ECONÓMICA EUROPEA. SU IMPACTO EN LA PATAGONIA MERIDIONAL: EL CASO DE PUERTO DESEADO, PROVINCIA DE SANTA CRUZ, 1994-1999/ THE EEC-ARGENTINA FISHERIES AGREEMENT. ITS IMPACT ON SOUTHERN PATAGONIA: THE CASE OF PUERTO DESEADO, PROVINCE OF SANTA CRUZ, 1994-1999

CEPPARO, MARÍA EUGENIA; GABRIELIDIS, GRACIELA; PRIETO, ESTELA; HUERTAS, MARTA
2007-01-01

Resumen en español Este trabajo analiza el Acuerdo Pesquero de 1994 entre la Comunidad Económica Europea y la República Argentina en el marco de las políticas nacionales relacionadas con la actividad pesquera y sus impactos territoriales en la provincia patagónica de Santa Cruz, especialmente en la localidad de Puerto Deseado; y compara los objetivos y contenidos de las normas con el devenir socioeconómico del país y de la provincia a fines del siglo XX. Se estudia desde la disciplina (mas) geográfica con los aportes del Derecho, la Historia y la Economía. En el trabajo de gabinete se utilizaron leyes pesqueras nacionales y provinciales y en el de campo, encuestas y entrevistas. En el convenio se estipulan todos los aspectos y condiciones referidas a la actividad pesquera, cuyo objetivo principal fue el abastecimiento a la Comunidad Europea Resumen en inglés This study aims analysing the 1994 Fisheries Agreement between the European Economic Community (EEC) and the Argentine Republic, within the framework of national fishing policies. The focus will be on the Agreement's spatial impact on the Patagonian province of Santa Cruz; more particularly, on the town of Puerto Deseado, and the comparison between the objectives and content of the regulations and the development of socio-economic conditions in the country and the provinc (mas) e towards the end of the 20* century. Our research takes mainly the perspective of geographical studies, yet draws heavily on Law, History and Economics; hence the variety of methods and sources used in both field and office work. The main documents consulted were national and state fishing acts of law, such as Act of Law No. 24315/94 regulating the fisheries agreement with the EEC, censuses and statistics and newspaper articles. Fieldwork was carried out in the province of Santa Cruz and the town of Puerto Deseado. It consisted in the search for and selection of fishery-related regulations, projects and promotion programmes, interviews and surveys with key informants from fishing companies and public agencies. The analysis of the terms of the Agreement reveals that the latter was not simply a general statement of mutual co-operation intentions, but a detailed account of all the aspects and conditions involved in fishery in order to guarantee supply for the European Community

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

2

La Comunidad Europea del Carbón y del Acero. Un exitoso y aún inacabado experimento institucional

Torres Espinosa, Eduardo
2008-01-01

Resumen en español La Comunidad Europea del Carbón y del Acero es el origen programático e institucional de la actual Unión Europea. Este hecho, sin embargo, ha perdido paulatinamente fuerza como resultado del dinamismo del proceso de integración. Este artículo busca llamar la atención sobre la inusual persistencia en el tiempo de los objetivos y estrategias establecidos por el Plan Schuman. Su argumento central es que el novedoso diseño institucional supranacional adoptado por el Tr (mas) atado de París en 1952 resultó ser la mejor solución para resolver un añejo problema de inestabilidad política por la vía de la integración económica gradual. La principal conclusión es que, aunque muchos eventos han ocurrido en Europa, la arquitectura institucional actual de la Unión Europea sigue siendo esencialmente la misma que la concebida hace ya más de medio siglo. Resumen en inglés The European Community of Coal and Steel is the programmatic and institutional origin of the present European Union. This fact, nevertheless, has lost gradually force as a result of the dynamism of the integration process. This article looks to draw attention on the unusual persistence in time of the objectives and strategies established by the Schuman Plan. Its central argument is that the novel supranational institutional-design adopted by the Treaty of Paris in 1952 tu (mas) rned out to be the best solution to solve an aged problem of political instability by the route of gradual economic integration. The main conclusion is that, although many events have occurred in Europe, the European Union's current institutional architecture is essentially the same as that conceived more than halfa century ago.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

3

Las barreras no arancelarias al comercio agropecuario intrasubregional en la comunidad andina

Badillo Rojas, Arnaldo
2008-06-01

Resumen en español La Comunidad Andina (CAN) representa la más avanzada modalidad de asociación económica regional en el continente americano. Lamentablemente, sus limitaciones financieras han frenado el desarrollo de sus programas, a lo cual se suman las limitaciones a la consolidación de un verdadero mercado común subregional, siendo quizás las más importantes las derivadas de la imposición de barreras no arancelarias (BNA). Este trabajo describe las BNA de aplicación más frecue (mas) nte por los países miembros de la región; la importancia de estas restricciones para el futuro de la CAN; la razón de ser de ellas; el impacto del nuevo contexto que emerge a raíz del retiro de Venezuela; la suscripción de tratados de libre comercio de Colombia y Perú con Estados Unidos; y, finalmente, las expectativas creadas con la futura suscripción de un acuerdo de asociación con la Unión Europea, que incluye un acuerdo de libre comercio. El estudio plantea finalmente un conjunto de propuestas para el desmontaje de dichas restricciones. Resumen en inglés The Andean Community (CAN) is the most advanced form of regional economic association in the American hemisphere. Unfortunately, their financial limitations and the proliferation of trade restrictions have slowed down the development of their programs and the construction of a real common market. This study describes the non-tariff barriers commonly applied to important agricultural products in the region, the importance of these barriers to the future of the CAN, their r (mas) eason for being, the impact of the new scenarios emerging with Venezuela's withdrawal, Colombia and Peru's entry into Free Trade Agreements with the United States, and finally the expectations derived from the future signing of an association agreement with the European Union, including a free trade agreement. Finally, this study formulates a set of proposals to dismantle these restrictions.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

4

LA ESTRATEGIA DE APOYO A LA INTEGRACIÓN REGIONAL DE LA UNIÓN EUROPEA Y SU APLICACIÓN EN LA COMUNIDAD ANDINA/ The strategies of support to the integration in E.U. and their potential application to the Andean Community scenario

Julio Giraldo, María Carmela
2009-12-01

Resumen en español Este artículo tiene como objetivo cuestionar la estrategia de apoyo a la integración regional de la Unión Europea en América Latina, en el marco de las acciones de cooperación al desarrollo dirigidas específicamente a la Comunidad Andina. Las modalidades de cooperación que han derivado de dicha estrategia son la muestra del esfuerzo de la UE por contribuir al fortalecimiento del proceso de integración andina, sin embargo, la profunda crisis política que atraviesa (mas) actualmente la CAN y sus limitaciones como actor regional a nivel internacional, hacen necesario replantear la estrategia de apoyo prointegracionista, orientándola hacia nuevas dimensiones de la integración más allá de las económicas. Resumen en inglés This article aims to question the strategy for regional integration in Latin America, in the context of the European Union Support development of cooperation actions directed specifically at the Andean Community of Nations. The methods of cooperation that have resultedfrom this strategy are the sample of EU efforts to contribute to the strengthening of the Andean integration process. However, the deep political crisis of CAN and its limitations as a regional actor in the (mas) international community, make it necessary to rethink the strategy of pro-integrationist support, by directing it towards new dimensions of integration beyond the economic ones.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

5

La historia de la educación en el escenario global: comunidades interpretativas, historia del presente y experiencia intelectual

Carli, Sandra
2009-03-01

Resumen en español Este trabajo plantea una reflexión crítica sobre algunos desarrollos de la historiografía educativa de la Argentina, a partir de interrogar el impacto de las transformaciones sociales, políticas y económicas de las últimas décadas del siglo XX y los procesos de apropiación de teorías europeas en el escenario global. Se propone explorar las formas y procesos de construcción de un lenguaje común en el campo académico, en el marco de procesos de globalización ac (mas) adémica, y sugiere la indagación de los usos locales y singulares de referencias "universales" o "universalizadas", reconociendo el papel activo del sujeto-investigador. A partir de una serie de conceptos (comunidad interpretativa, historia del presente y experiencia intelectual), analiza las características que asume la producción de conocimiento, en un contexto que combina fenómenos de localización y de transnacionalización del saber, describiendo y analizado las situaciones y paradojas que presenta la investigación histórico-educativa en la Argentina. Resumen en inglés This article presents a critical reflection on certain developments in educational historiography in Argentina, based on a study of the impact of the social, economic and political transformations of the final decades of the 19th century and the processes of appropriating European theories in the global scenario. The proposal is made to explore the forms and processes of constructing a common language in the academic field, in the framework of processes of academic global (mas) ization. The suggestion is to study individual, local uses of "universal" or "universalized" references, while recognizing the active role of the subject/researcher. Using a series of concepts (interpretative community, history of the present, and intellectual experience), the article analyzes the characteristics assumed by the production of knowledge, in a context that combines phenomena of the localization and transnationalization of knowledge, while describing and analyzing the situations and paradoxes presented by research on the history of education in Argentina.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

6

Wood drying by using high power ultrasound and infrared radiation

Valentino, G.A.; Leija, Lorenzo; Riera, Enrique; Rodríguez Corral, Germán; Gallego Juárez, Juan Antonio
2002-09-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

7

Using indicators for evaluating, comparing, and communicating the ecological status of exploited marine ecosystems. 2. Setting the scene

Shin, Yunne-Jai; Shannon, Lynne J.; Bundy, Alida; Coll, Marta; Aydin, Kerim; Bez, Nicolas; Blanchard, Julia L.; Borges, Maria de Fatima; Diallo, Ibrahima; Díaz, Erich; Heymans, Johanna J.; Hill, Louize; Johannesen, Edda; Jouffre, Didier; Kifani, Souad; Labrosse, Pierre; Link, Jason S.; Mackinson, Steven
2010-02-08

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

8

Uses of ecosystem services provided by MPAs: How much do they impact the local economy? A southern Europe perspective

Roncin, Nicolas; Alban, Frédérique; Charbonnel, Eric; Crechriou, Romain; Cruz Modino, Raquel de la; Culioli, Jean-Michel; Dimech, Mark; Goñi, Raquel; Guala, Ivan; Higgins, Ruth; Lavisse, Élodie; Le Direach, Laurence; Luna, Beatriz; Marcos, Concepción; Maynou, Francesc; Pascual, José; Person, Jeremy; Smith, Philip; Stobart, Ben; Szelianszky, Emese; Valle, Carlos; Vaselli, Stefano; Boncoeur, Jean
2008-11-17

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

9

Transcriptional analysis of multigene family 110 of African swine fever virus

Almazán, Fernando; Rodríguez, Javier M.; Andrés, Germán; Pérez Sánchez, Ricardo; Viñuela Díaz, Eladio; Rodríguez, José F.
1992-11-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

10

Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal): a comparative study

Pardo de Santayana, Manuel; Tardío, Javier; Blanco, Emilio; Carvalho, Ana Maria; Lastra, Juan José; San Miguel, Elia; Morales, Ramón
2007-06-07

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

11

Thiocyanate induces cell necrosis and fibrosis in selenium- and iodine-deficient rat thyroids: a potential experimental model for myxedematous endemic cretinism in central Africa

Contempré, Bernard; Morreale de Escobar, Gabriella; Denef, Jean-François; Dumont, Jacques Emile; Many, Marie-Christine
2004-02-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

12

The behavior of 5H-dibenz[b,f]azepine dissolved in sulfuric acid

Dardonville, Christophe; Jimeno, Maria Luisa; Alkorta, Ibon; Elguero, José
2004-04-08

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

13

The behavior of 5H-dibenz[b,f] azepine dissolved in sulfuric acid

Dardonville, Christophe; Jimeno, M. Luisa; Alkorta, Ibon; Elguero, José
2004-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

14

Technology, innovation and economy in Spain: national and regional influences

Muñoz, Emilio; Espinosa de los Monteros, Juan; Díaz, Víctor
2000-01-20

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

15

Spillovers and growth in a local interaction model

Cassar, Alessandra; Nicolini, Rosella
2003-05-28

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

18

Seismotectonics of the Ibero-Maghrebian region

Buforn, E.; Sanz de Galdeano, Carlos; Udías, A.
1995-08-30

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

19

Relating marine ecosystem indicators to fishing and environmental drivers: an elucidation of contrasting responses

Link, Jason S.; Yemane, Dawit; Shannon, Lynne J.; Coll, Marta; Shin, Yunne-Jai; Hill, Louize; Borges, Maria de Fatima
2010-05-04

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

21

Pathogenicity of two recent Western Mediterranean West Nile virus isolates in a wild bird species indigenous to Southern Europe: the red-legged partridge

Sotelo, Elena; Gutiérrez-Guzmán, Ana Valeria; Amo, Javier del; Llorente, Francisco; Harrak, Mehdi el-; Pérez-Ramírez, Elisa; Blanco, Juan M.; Höfle, Ursula; Jiménez-Clavero, Miguel A.
2011-01-18

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

22
26

La Terapia Centrada en Soluciones: Una opción de tratamiento para la dependencia al alcohol/ Solution-focused therapy: An alcohol dependence treatment option

Cordero, Martha; Cordero, Roberto; Natera, Guillermina; Caraveo, Jorge
2009-06-01

Resumen en español En México, el consumo excesivo de alcohol representa uno de los principales retos de salud pública a escala nacional. Aunque existen diversas estrategias de intervención que pretenden incidir en este problema también hay un gran vacío con respecto a si dichas intervenciones son un factor causal en el cambio producido por el consumidor y la manera en que dicho cambio se produce después del tratamiento. Una vía para conocerlo es evaluar sus resultados. La Terapia Cen (mas) trada en Soluciones (TCS) constituye una alternativa a las que tradicionalmente se utilizan para tratar el consumo de alcohol. Sus resultados se han documentado en diferentes países de América y de la Comunidad Europea, pero no en población hispana. Objetivo Evaluar los resultados de la Terapia Centrada en Soluciones en dependientes al etanol y determinar las diferencias entre quienes buscaban modificar los problemas asociados al consumo de alcohol y los que pretendían cambiar su manera de beber. Método Se trabajó con un diseño longitudinal de tipo O1-X-O2, comparativo, con un seguimiento a doce meses. La muestra se integró con 60 consumidores de alcohol de 18 a 50 años de edad que acudieron al Centro de Ayuda al Alcohólico y sus Familiares (CAAF) del Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente. Todos fueron seleccionados de manera intencional, consumieron alcohol en el último año, cubrieron los criterios de dependencia al alcohol según el DSM-IV y brindaron por escrito su consentimiento informado. La muestra se dividió en 30 dependientes al etanol que acudieron al CAAF en busca de modificar su nivel de consumo y 30 dependientes que pretendían modificar los problemas asociados a su consumo. En la presente investigación, los resultados de la intervención se definieron a partir del tiempo transcurrido desde que un dependiente asistía a la última sesión de terapia hasta que presentaba una recaída y continuaba con los problemas asociados al consumo de alcohol. La historia de consumo de alcohol de los sujetos se caracterizó por medio del patrón de consumo, nivel de dependencia, número de criterios del DSM-IV, antecedentes de tratamiento, problemas de consumo de alcohol en la familia de origen en dos generaciones previas y problemas asociados al consumo de alcohol. El número de sesiones, servicios y tratamientos adicionales se consideró como mediador de los resultados de la intervención. Resultados Del total de la muestra, 78% era casado; 38% tenía instrucción básica; la edad promedio fue de 35.5 años; la mayoría pertenecía a un nivel socioeconómico bajo; 39% era consumidor de alto nivel; 43% se ubicó en un nivel de dependencia sustancial y 70% contaba con antecedentes de tratamiento. La necesidad de tratamiento más alta se registró en los problemas familiares asociados al consumo de alcohol con 48%. Del total de la muestra, 63% asistió de una a dos sesiones y los restantes asistieron a más de dos, con un seguimiento de 83% de la muestra. En el análisis de sobrevida, los primeros cuatro meses después de tratamiento se identificaron como los meses de mayor riesgo para recaer. Se observó que la TCS tuvo mejores resultados en dependientes que buscaban modificar los problemas asociados al consumo de alcohol. Éstos se ubicaron en los niveles socioeconómicos más bajos y presentaron un nivel de deterioro importante por el consumo de alcohol. Resumen en inglés In Mexico, excess drinking constitutes one of the main public health challenges nationwide. The 2002 National Addictions Survey documented the existence of 11 035 262 heavy drinkers, 3 226 490 habitual drinkers, 2 841 303 persons with alcohol dependence and 2 343 71 0 persons who started arguing with their spouse or partner when drunk. Illnesses that are directly or indirectly associated with drinking are among the ten leading causes of death in Mexico among the general p (mas) opulation: specifically, men die from attacks or homicide, self-inflicted wounds, alcoholic liver disease and other chronic diseases of the liver and alcohol dependence syndrome. Although there are various intervention strategies that attempt to influence this problem, it is not known whether these interventions are a causal factor in the change produced by the consumer and the way in which this change is produced after treatment; one way of determining this is by evaluating their results. Although Solution-Focused Therapy constitutes a different alternative to those that have traditionally been used for treating alcohol consumption, most research conducted in Mexico and other countries is carried out using a social learning model. Although the results of the Solution-Focused Therapy have been documented in various countries in America and the European Community, the findings are insufficient for it to be regarded as an optimal treatment for modifying excess alcohol consumption among the Mexican population. Objective To evaluate the results of the Solution-Focused Therapy in ethanol-dependent persons and to determine the differences between those that seek to modify problems associated with alcohol consumption and those that seek to change their drinking styles. Method A comparative O1-X-O2 longitudinal design was used, with a 12-month follow-up. The sample comprised 60 intentionally selected alcohol consumers, ages 18 to 50, who attended the Center of Assistance for Alcoholics and Their Relatives (CAAF) at the Ramón de la Fuente National Institute of Psychiatry. They had consumed alcohol in the past year, met the Alcohol Dependence Criteria according to the DSM-IV and gave their written consent. The sample was divided into 30 ethanol-dependent persons who attended the CAAF in an attempt to modify their drinking levels and 30 ethanol-dependent persons who sought to modify problems associated with their consumption. In this study, the results of the intervention were defined on the basis of the time elapsed between an ethanol-dependent person's last therapy session and the time when he or she experiences a relapse and continues with the problems associated with alcohol consumption. The subjects' history of alcohol consumption was characterized by their pattern of consumption, level of dependence, number of DSM-IV criteria, history of treatment, problems of alcohol consumption in the previous two generations of their families of origin, and alcohol-related problems. The number of additional sessions, services and treatments were regarded as mediators of the results of the intervention. The information was obtained through various instruments, such as the pre-consultation and initial consultation cards, the Scale of Ethanol-Dependence and a version of the Index of the Severity of Addiction drawn up by the Center of Assistance for Alcoholics and their Relatives. The procedure was carried out in three stages: the baseline, the application of Solution-Focused Therapy and a follow-up beginning twelve months after the last therapy session. The field operation began in April 2002 and ended in August 2004, with the last phase being carried out on both the subjects that had completed their treatment and on those that had interrupted it and requested assistance again at any of the services offered by the CAAF. Results Seventy-eight per cent of the sample were married; 38% had completed elementary school; the average age was 35.5, and most had a low socio-economic level. A total of 39% were heavy drinkers; 43% displayed a substantial level of dependence, and 70% had a record of treatment. The highest need for treatment was recorded in family problems associated with alcohol consumption, totaling 48%. Sixty-three per cent of the sample attended one to three sessions, while the remainder attended over three. A follow-up study of 83% of the sample showed that most sought assistance at two of the Center's treatment services, while 55% of the dependents received treatment at the CAAF alone. Thirty per cent cut short their treatment because they did not want to stop drinking or did not need help or were annexed; 28% stopped for work or financial reasons, while only 2% reported that the treatment failed to cover their expectations. Fifty-six per cent of the sample did not relapse, and successfully modified the problems associated with alcohol consumption; 32% relapsed and failed to modify their alcohol-related problems, while the remainder relapsed yet managed to modify the problems associated with alcohol consumption (12%) with a value of χ² = 29.94 and p equivalent to 0.00. The heterogeneity tests did not display statistically significant differences between the subjects that relapsed and continued with their alcohol-related problems (44%) and those that did not relapse and modified their alcohol-related problems (56%) by either alcohol consumption characteristics or the factors mediated by the results of the intervention. The study showed that the first four months after the last therapy session are those during which subjects experience the highest risk of relapsing and continuing with problems associated with alcohol consumption. Just 47% of the patients that cited modifying their drinking levels as the reason for seeking treatment proved not to have relapsed and to have successfully modified the problems associated with their drinking at the 1 2-month follow-up as opposed to 83% of those that sought to modify the problems associated with their drinking, with a statistical significance of less than 0.01 in the log-rank test. The intervention was observed to achieve better results among alcohol-dependent persons that sought to modify problems associated with alcohol consumption, had a lower socio-economic level, a record of treatment for their alcohol consumption, high levels of dependence, a medium-high need for treatment in psychological, work problems, and did not receive any form of treatment outside the CAAF. The article discusses the role of the demand for treatment as a predictor not only of the search for services, as supported by international literature, but also of the results of the intervention. It confirms the importance of conceiving alcoholism as a symptom resulting from relational systems the drinker maintains with his/her surroundings, rather than as a problem that can be solved by ensuring that the drinker remains sober. The article suggests including a control group with another type of therapeutic intervention in order to compare the results of the Solution-Focused Therapy and have more elements for making evidence-based decisions.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

27

LA POLÍTICA AGRARIA COMUNITARIA Y LA REVISIÓN DE 2008/ COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND THE 2008 REVIEW

García Brenes, David
2009-06-01

Resumen en español La Política Agraria Comunitaria (PAC) ha jugado a lo largo de la historia un importante papel en los objetivos económicos de la Unión Europea. Esto ha supuesto que sea la política institucional con mayor peso específico en el presupuesto comunitario. En este trabajo se describen los cambios que se han hecho en la PAC desde los años noventa, para reducir los excedentes, conseguir una agricultura sostenible y abierta en los mercados globales, y responder a las nuevas (mas) prioridades de los consumidores. Además, se analiza la propuesta que la Comisión Europea presentó en mayo de 2008 para reformar la PAC. Resumen en inglés Over time, the CAP has had a very important role for the economic objectives of the EU. It is the institutional policy with the highest share of the community budget. This article examines the evolution of the CAP since the nineties, with the aims of reducing surpluses, developing an agricultural sector which is sustainable and open in global markets and responding to the new priorities of consumers. The reform of the CAP proposed by the European Commission in May 2008 is also analyzed.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

28

Isolation and Characterization of Temperate and Virulent Bacteriophages of Lactobacillus plantarum

Caso, J. L.; González de los Reyes-Gavilán, Clara; Herrero, Monica; Montilla, Antonia; Rodríguez González, Ana; Suárez Fernández, Juan Evaristo
1995-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

33

Four Residues of the Extracellular N-Terminal Domain of the NR2A Subunit Control High-Affinity Zn2+ Binding to NMDA Receptors

Fayyazuddin, Amir; Villarroel, Álvaro; Goff, Anne Le; Lerma Gómez, Juan; Neyton, Jacques
2000-03-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

34

Flood routing and alluvial aquifer recharge along the ephemeral arid Kuiseb River, Namibia

Morin, Efrat; Grodek, T.; Dahan, O.; Benito, Gerardo; Kulls, C.; Jacoby, Y.; Langenhove, G. Van; Seely, M.; Enzel, Y.
2009-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

37

Farm intensification and drivers of technology adoption

Bernués, A.; Herrero Romero, María
2008-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

39
40

El modelo español de reconocimiento médico y psicotécnico en el contexto de 2ª Directiva (91/439/CEE): Resultados al ser aplicado sobre un grupo específico de conductores (45 a 70 años)/ The Spanish Medical and Psychotecnical Exam Model within the Context of Second Directive (91/439/EEC): Results when Conducted on a Specific Group of Drivers (45-70 Age Range)

Montoro González, Luis; Mirabet Lis, Enrique
2003-02-01

Resumen en español Fundamento: Con la Directiva 91/439/CEE se inició lo que en un futuro será el permiso de conducir comunitario. Ahora bien, en el momento actual existen diferencias en cuanto a las condiciones de aptitud y a los periodos de prórroga del mismo. El presente estudio ofrece los resultados del reconocimiento médico y psicotécnico realizado a 606 conductores. Métodos: 606 conductores que reunían las siguientes características: edad entre 45 y 70 años, revisan el permiso (mas) del grupo 1 (B); hombres y mujeres; y finalmente, el periodo de prorroga es Resumen en inglés Background: Directive 91/439/EEC marked the start of what the European Economic Community driver's license is going to be like at some time in the future. However, differences currently exist with regard to the driver license eligibility requirements and renewal periods. This study provides the results of the physical and psychotechnical exam conducted on 606 drivers of the following characteristics: both males and females, aged between 45-70, revising the group 1 (B) lic (mas) ense, and with a renewal period of less than 5 years. Methods: Five years later some of these qualified drivers were examined again in order to check changes with regard to previous exam results. Results show that 86.47% were qualified the same; 12.21% were qualified with some restriction and 1.65% was unqualified. Results: By age groups, it was found that the older the applicants, the lower the percentage of those qualified and the higher the percentage of those qualified with some restriction (in the 45-49 age range, 93.19% are qualified, while the percentage qualified in the 65-69 age group is 67.35%). Within five years time, 11.13% of the qualified drivers had made some change in their status (9.98% qualified with some restriction, 1.15% unqualified), significant differences also having been found by age groups (in the 45-49 age group, 6.8% had change in status compared to 18.1% in the 65-69 age group). Conclusions: Therefore, differences can be said to exist between the different ages and the qualifications obtained to keep a driver´s license, and a significant percentage of qualified drivers undergo some change in their eligibility within a minimum five-year period.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

41

El modelo español de reconocimiento médico y psicotécnico en el contexto de 2ª Directiva (91/439/CEE): Resultados al ser aplicado sobre un grupo específico de conductores (45 a 70 años)/ The Spanish Medical and Psychotecnical Exam Model within the Context of Second Directive (91/439/EEC): Results when Conducted on a Specific Group of Drivers (45-70 Age Range)

Montoro González, Luis; Mirabet Lis, Enrique
2003-02-01

Resumen en español Fundamento: Con la Directiva 91/439/CEE se inició lo que en un futuro será el permiso de conducir comunitario. Ahora bien, en el momento actual existen diferencias en cuanto a las condiciones de aptitud y a los periodos de prórroga del mismo. El presente estudio ofrece los resultados del reconocimiento médico y psicotécnico realizado a 606 conductores. Métodos: 606 conductores que reunían las siguientes características: edad entre 45 y 70 años, revisan el permiso (mas) del grupo 1 (B); hombres y mujeres; y finalmente, el periodo de prorroga es Resumen en inglés Background: Directive 91/439/EEC marked the start of what the European Economic Community driver's license is going to be like at some time in the future. However, differences currently exist with regard to the driver license eligibility requirements and renewal periods. This study provides the results of the physical and psychotechnical exam conducted on 606 drivers of the following characteristics: both males and females, aged between 45-70, revising the group 1 (B) lic (mas) ense, and with a renewal period of less than 5 years. Methods: Five years later some of these qualified drivers were examined again in order to check changes with regard to previous exam results. Results show that 86.47% were qualified the same; 12.21% were qualified with some restriction and 1.65% was unqualified. Results: By age groups, it was found that the older the applicants, the lower the percentage of those qualified and the higher the percentage of those qualified with some restriction (in the 45-49 age range, 93.19% are qualified, while the percentage qualified in the 65-69 age group is 67.35%). Within five years time, 11.13% of the qualified drivers had made some change in their status (9.98% qualified with some restriction, 1.15% unqualified), significant differences also having been found by age groups (in the 45-49 age group, 6.8% had change in status compared to 18.1% in the 65-69 age group). Conclusions: Therefore, differences can be said to exist between the different ages and the qualifications obtained to keep a driver´s license, and a significant percentage of qualified drivers undergo some change in their eligibility within a minimum five-year period.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

42

Economic Inequality in Spain: The European Community Household Panel Dataset

Budría, S.; Díaz-Giménez, Javier [kueli]

This article uses data from the 1998 European Community Household Panel to study economic inequality in Spain. It reports data on the Spanish distributions of income, labor income, and capital income, and on related features of inequality, such as age, employment status, educational attainment, and ...

DRIVER (Spanish)

44
45

Determination of metallurgical coke reactivity at INCAR: NSC and ECE-INCAR reactivity tests

Menéndez Díaz, José Ángel; Álvarez García, Ramón; Pis Martínez, José Juan
1999-04-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

47

CrespoDynCoopNet DATA Collections

Crespo Solana, Ana; Sánchez-Crespo Camacho, Juan Manuel; Maestre Martínez, Roberto
2010-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

48

Broad lifetime distributions for ordering dynamics in complex networks

Toivonen, Riitta; Castelló, Xavier; Eguíluz, Víctor M.; Saramäki, J.; Kaski, K.; San Miguel, Maxi
2009-01-23

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

49

Assessment and bioeconomic analysis of the Majorca (NW Mediterranean) trammel net fishery

Merino, Gorka; Morales-Nin, Beatriz; Maynou, Francesc; Grau, Antoni Maria
2008-04-10

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

50