Sample records for ELEMENTO 113 (element 113)
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Sample records 1 - 12 shown.



1

Lactancia materna

González Méndez, Iraida; Pileta Romero, Berenies
2002-04-01

Resumen en español Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de todos los lactantes (113) que nacieron entre enero y diciembre de 1998, pertenecientes a 5 consultorios del médico de la zona urbana de la policlínica "Rolando Monterrey", con el objetivo de contribuir al conocimiento de las características epidemiológicas relacionadas con la lactancia materna en el área de salud de la policlínica. En Cuba la lactancia materna exclusiva, tal como está planteada en el plan de acci� (mas) �n de la Cumbre Mundial a Favor de la Infancia, debe ser un elemento de extraordinaria importancia para mantener la tendencia descendente de la mortalidad hasta el año 2000 en el niño menor de 5 años. Se seleccionó la entrevista individual como método de recolección de datos para profundizar en la información y se contó con el consentimiento informado de las madres lactantes que apoyaron la realización de este trabajo. Se consideran factores que influyen al destete precoz y las posibles dificultades relacionadas con el tiempo de duración de la lactancia materna. Se concluye que las mujeres entre 20 y 34 años de edad, amas de casa, casadas con el nivel secundario y con un solo hijo fueron las que lograron una mayor efectividad en la lactancia materna. Entre las causas de abandono precoz de la lactancia se encontró la hipogalactia y como causa más frecuente en estos niños se observaron las infecciones respiratorias agudas. El médico y la enfermera de la familia por ser el puntal fundamental en la divulgación de este tipo de alimentación deben continuar su labor educativa para lograr una mejor preparación psicológica de la madre. Resumen en inglés A descriptive and crosswise study of all the infants (113) that were born from January to December, 1998 in an urban area attended by 5 physician´s offices of "Rolando Monterrey" polyclinics was performed, with the objective of expanding the knowledge on the epidemiological characteristics related with breast-feeding in this health care area. In Cuba exclusive breast-feeding, as it is stated in the plan of action of the World Summit for the Child, should be an element of (mas) great importance to keep the decreasing tendency of mortality rate in under five years-old children up to the year 2000. Personal interviews was the method of choice for gathering data to obtain good information and the informed consent for this study was given by the nursing mothers who supported it. Factors affecting early weaning and the possible difficulties with the duration of breast-feeding were considered. It was concluded that women aged 20-34 years, housewives, married women with junior high educational level and women with only one child were the ones that achieved higher effectiveness in breast-feeding. Hypogalactia was found as a frequent cause of early weaning whereas the most frequent problem observed in these children was acute respiratory infection. Since family physician and nurse are fundamental pillars in the development of this kind of feeding, then they should continue to carry out their educational work so that mothers have a better psychological preparation.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

2

Search for anomalous production of events with a photon, jet, b-quark jet, and missing transverse energy

CDF Collaboration; Cabrera, Susana; Cuenca Almenar, Cristóbal; Álvarez González, B.; Casal, Bruno; Cuevas, Javier; Gómez, G.; Rodrigo, Teresa; Ruiz, Alberto; Scodellaro, Luca; Vila, Iván; Vilar, Rocío; Aaltonen, T.
2009-09-14

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

3

Leachability of Major and Trace Elements of Fly Ash from Ptolemais Power Station, Northern Greece

Georgakopoulos, Andreas; Filippidis, Anestis; Kassoli-Fournaraki, Anna; Fernandez-Turiel, J. L.; Llorens, J. F.; Mousty, Francis
2002-02-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

4

La Formación Cerros de Aguirre: Evidencias de Magmatismo Vendiano en el Uruguay

Campal, Néstor; Schipilov, Alejandro
2005-12-01

Resumen en español Se exponen los resultados de un mapeo detallado a escala 1:20.000, petrografía y geoquímica de la Formación Cerros de Aguirre en el Dpto. de Rocha, República Oriental del Uruguay. Se trata de una unidad compuesta por una secuencia con rocas piroclásticas dominantes y algunas lavas intercaladas de geometría groseramente elíptica de unos 16 km de eje mayor y 4 km de eje menor. Se corrige el planteo anterior de Campal y Gancio (1993) mostrando ahora que la unidad est� (mas) � íntegramente apoyada sobre el basamento de alto grado en contacto normal y separada del Grupo Rocha por una discontinuidad tectónica. Las rocas piroclásticas incluyen tufos finamente bandeados, tufos masivos, lapilli-tufos y tufitas de composición variando entre composiciones andesíticas y riolíticas. Las lavas están representadas por basaltos, andesibasaltos y riolitas. Los flujos piroclásticos tienen entre 20 y 100 m de espesor y hasta 2 km de desarrollo lateral, mostrando composiciones andesíticas y riolíticas. Tanto el mapeo como la geoquímica soportan un origen cogenético para lavas y depósitos de caída. Ello permite afirmar que la única edad disponible U-Pb SHRIMP de 571 ± 8 Ma (Hartmann et al., 2002) es representativa del evento. Se exponen evidencias que sugieren que la carbonatación que afecta al paquete es concomitante con el volcanismo. La Formación Cerros de Aguirre puede representar un producto generado en un episodio extensional tardío de la orogenia Brasiliana, quizás relacionado con la generación de la cuenca en que se depositó el Grupo Arroyo del Soldado (Gaucher, 2000). Una edad más antigua, empero, es sugerida por Blanco y Gaucher (2005) para la apertura de la cuenca de Arroyo del Soldado. Independiente de la relación de estos eventos distensivos, es claro que la deformación que afecta a las vulcanitas de la Formación Cerros de Aguirre y al Grupo Arroyo del Soldado se asocia a un evento transcurrente sinistral que reactiva estructuras anteriores generadas en la etapa distensional referida. Se analizan asimismo similaridades y diferencias con otras unidades volcánicas de edad similar tanto en Uruguay como en Brasil. Resumen en inglés This paper deals with the stratigraphy, petrography, geochemistry and structural relationships of the Cerros de Aguirre Formation, which is located in the Cuchilla Dionisio Terrane in eastern Uruguay (Bossi et al., 1998; Bossi and Gaucher, 2004) (Fig. 1). Detailed mapping at 1:20,000 scale, thin section petrography and geochemistry of major and trace elements were applied in this study. The Cerros de Aguirre Formation is mainly composed of pyroclastic rocks with some inte (mas) rbedded volcanic layers, cropping out with a roughly elliptical outline 16 x 4 km in size, with a major axis oriented northsouth (Fig. 2). The Cerros de Aguirre Formation unconformably overlies granulites of the Chafalote suite (Masquelín et al., 2001). To the east, it is in tectonic contact along a regional shear zone with the greenschist-facies metasediments of the Rocha Group (Hasui et al., 1975). The Cerros de Aguirre Formation is subdivided here into three units: a) volumetrically dominant, finegrained fall deposits; b) concordant lavas, intercalated with the fall deposits, and c) pyroclastic flows. Pyroclastic rocks include finely banded tuffs, massive tuffs, lapilli tuffs and tuffites with geochemical compositions ranging from andesites to rhyolites. Lava flows are represented by basalts, andesi-basalts and rhyolites. Pyroclastic flows are 20 to 100 m thick and up to 2 km wide, showing andesitic to rhyolitic compositions. The whole assembly exhibits open folding showing N20-30E oriented, sub-vertical axial planes (Figs. 2 and 3). Deformation increases in intensity toward the east, the main structure being an asymmetric syncline truncated in its eastern flank by a shear zone that also constitutes the western boundary of the Rocha Group (Fig. 3). Geochemistry and field work, both supports a syngenetic origin for lavas and fall deposits. The pervasive carbonation affecting the unit is analyzed, showing evidences that suggest that the process is simultaneous with volcanism. Measured LOI values of up to 11.3 % are due to carbonate cementation of porous pyroclastites. Whereas this process substantially altered major element compostion of volcanic and pyroclastic rocks, their primary trace element and especially REE composition has been preserved. This is demonstrated by the absence of correlation between REE patterns (Fig. 7) and LOI or lithology. Volcanic rocks show strong compositional variation, between basalt and rhyolite, with no evident compositional gap. Basalt flows occurring at the base and top of the unit do not differ petrographically or geochemically, implying that basaltic magmatic pulses intercalated with pyroclastic rocks generated by more felsic volcanism. Two possibilities are envisaged to account for the above mentioned facts: 1) different magmatic rocks are the product of differentiation of a single source, or 2) volcanism was bimodal, but intermediate terms were generated by magma mixing mechanisms. The latter explanation is more consistent with the observed characteristics of basalts occurring at several levels in the Cerros de Aguirre Formation. Based on the syngenicity of volcanic rocks and fall deposits, available U-Pb SHRIMP ages for andesites occurring at the top of the Cerros de Aguirre Formation (571 ± 8 Ma, Hartmann et al., 2002) can be considered representative of the whole volcanic event. Regarding its geotectonic setting, the Cerros de Aguirre Formation could record a late extensional episode of the Brazilian orogeny, perhaps related to the opening of the Arroyo del Soldado basin (Gaucher, 2000), although Blanco and Gaucher (2005) argue for an older age for rifting in the latter unit. Regardless the relationship of these extensional events, deformation exhibited by both the Cerros de Aguirre Formation and the Arroyo del Soldado Group seems to be of the same age and related to a regional sinistral transpressive event.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

6

High frequency and magnetoelectrical properties of magnetoresistive memory element based on FeCoNi/TiN/FeCoNi film

Vázquez Valero, Manuela; Kurlyandskaya, G. V.; Barandiarán, J. M.; García-Miquel, H.; Vas’kovskiy, V. O.; Svalov, A. V.
2000-08-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

12

A matrix-based approach to the image moment problem

Martínez Bauza, Judit; Porta Pleite, Josep Maria; Thomas Arroyo, Federico
2006-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)