Sample records for PROGRAMAS COORDINADOS DE INVESTIGACION (coordinated research programs)
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1

Filosofía ambiental de campo y conservación biocultural en el Parque Etnobotánico Omora: Aproximaciones metodológicas para ampliar los modos de integrar el componente social ("S") en Sitios de Estudios Socio-Ecológicos a Largo Plazo (SESELP)/ Field environmental philosophy and biocultural conservation at the Omora Ethnobotanical Park: Methodological approaches to broaden the ways of integrating the social component ("S") in Long-Term Socio-Ecological Research (LTSER) Sites

ROZZI, RICARDO; ANDERSON, CHRISTOPHER B; PIZARRO, J. CRISTÓBAL; MASSARDO, FRANCISCA; MEDINA, YANET; MANSILLA, ANDRÉS O; KENNEDY, JAMES H; OJEDA, JAIME; CONTADOR, TAMARA; MORALES, VERÓNICA; MOSES, KELLI; POOLE, ALEXANDRIA; ARMESTO, JUAN J; KALIN, MARY T
2010-03-01

Resumen en español Para resolver los problemas derivados del cambio medioambiental global, los científicos y tomadores de decisiones reconocen que es necesario integrar más ampliamente el componente social o factor humano en la investigación ecológica. Proponemos que para lograr esta integración las redes de Sitios de Estudios Socio-Ecológicos a Largo Plazo (SESELP) ofrecen una plataforma ideal, porque los sitios permiten abordar singularidades ecológicas, culturales y políticas a e (mas) scala local, a la vez que integrar escalas globales a través del trabajo colaborativo en redes de sitios. Sin embargo, este trabajo socioecológico todavía requiere articular de mejor manera los programas desarrollados a múltiples escalas geográficas, ecológicas y políticas. Además, hasta el momento el componente social considerado en los programas SESELP ha sido fundamentalmente económico, dejando fuera la dimensión ética. La integración de la ética de manera sistemática en los programas SESELP está severamente limitada por la carencia de metodologías. Para contribuir a resolver esta limitación, hemos desarrollado una aproximación metodológica que denominamos “filosofía ambiental de campo”. Esta aproximación integra las ciencias ecológicas y la ética ambiental en educación y conservación biocultural a largo-plazo a través de un ciclo de cuatro pasos interrelacionados: i) investigación interdisciplinaria ecológica y filosófica, ii) composición de metáforas y comunicación a través de relatos simples, iii) diseño de experiencias de campo guiadas con un sentido ecológico y ético, y iv) habilitación de áreas de conservación in situ. Este ciclo se ha definido a posteriori analizando las experiencias efectivas del programa de investigación, educación y conservación biocultural del Parque Etnobotánico Omora, en la Reserva de Biosfera Cabo de Hornos (RBCH). El programa de Magíster en Ciencias con mención en Conservación Subantártica de la Universidad de Magallanes (UMAG) está adoptando este ciclo como una metodología estructurada para el diseño de tesis y mallas curriculares de estudiantes que están generando innovadoras actividades educativas y de ecoturismo, como el “Ecoturismo con Lupa” y el “Birding Ético”. Para articular programas de trabajo múltiples escalas, el Parque Omora funciona a escala local como un centro de investigación en la RBCH, a nivel nacional como cofundador y sitio más austral de la red chilena SESELP coordinada por el Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB), y a nivel internacional como una reserva y estación de campo del Programa de Conservación Biocultural Subantártica, coordinado por la UMAG, IEB y la Universidad de North Texas (UNT). Esta organización en unidades anidadas ha permitido articular de manera sinérgica el trabajo a escalas locales, nacionales e internacionales. La investigación colaborativa ha: 1) conducido al descubrimiento de singularidades de la diversidad biológica y cultural en la remota ecorregión subantártica de Magallanes, 2)ha posibilitado programas de educación y conservación trabajando con múltiples actores sociales e instituciones, y 3) incorporado la filosofía ambiental en la investigación socioecológica. De esta manera, el programa del Parque Omora contribuye a ampliar la definición del componente social (“S”) en las redes SESELP, y a generar metodologías para integrar, a múltiples escalas, dimensiones ecológicas y éticas en programas de investigación socioecológica, como también de educación y conservación biocultural, que podrían ser implementadas y evaluadas en otros sitios o redes SESELP Resumen en inglés In order to effectively address the problems derived from global environmental change, environmental scientists, citizens and decision-makers now recognize the need to integrate more fully the human or social component into ecological research. We propose that to achieve this integration, Long-Term Socio-Ecological Research (LTSER) networks offer an ideal platform, because such sites enable research at ecological, cultural, and political local scales, and at the same time (mas) allow addressing these issues at a global scale. However, this socio-ecological work still requires better articulation of programs developed at multiple geographic, ecological and political scales. In addition, until now the social component considered in LTSER programs has focused on economic factors, omitting ethical dimensions. A central reason for this omission is the lack of methodologies to systematically integrate ethics into LTSER programs. As a contribution to resolve this limitation, here we develop a methodological approach that we call “field environmental philosophy.” It integrates ecological research and environmental ethics into biocultural education and conservation through an interrelated four-step cycle: i) interdisciplinary ecological and philosophical research, ii) composition of metaphors, and communication through simple narratives, iii) design of guided field experiences with an ecological and ethical orientation, and iv) implementation of in situ conservation areas. This cycle has been defined a posteriori, by analyzing successful experiences of biocultural research, education and conservation program at the Omora Ethnobotanical Park (OEP) in the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve (CHBR). The Masters of Science in Subantarctic Conservation at the University of Magallanes (UMAG) adopted this cycle as a structured methodology to design theses and academic curricula for students who are creating innovative educational and ecotourism activities, such as “Ecotourism with a Hand Lens” and “Ethical Birding.” To articulate the programs at multiples scales, the OEP functions at the local scale as a research center in the CHBR, at the national level as a cofounder and southernmost site of the Chilean LTSER network coordinated by the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity (IEB), Chile, and at the international level as a reserve and field station of the Subantarctic Biocultural Conservation Program that is coordinated by UMAG, IEB and the University of North Texas (UNT). This organization of nested units has permitted to synergistically articulate the work at local, national and international scales. Collaborative research has led to the discovery of biological and cultural diversity singularities in the remote Magellanic subantarctic ecoregion, enabled education and conservation work with multiple social actors and institutions, and has strengthened the incorporation of environmental philosophy into socio-ecological research. In this way, OEP’s program is contributing to broaden the definition of the social (“S”) component in LTSER, and to generate methodologies to integrate, at multiple scales, ecological and ethical dimensions into socio-ecological research, as well as biocultural education and conservation programs, which could be implemented and assessed at other LTER sites

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

2

Subolesin expression in response to pathogen infection in ticks

Zivkovic, Zorica; Torina, Alessandra; Mitra, Ruchira; Alongi, Angelina; Scimeca, Salvatore; Kocan, Katherine M.; Galindo, Ruth C.; Almazán, Consuelo; Blouin, Edmour F.; Villar, Margarita; Nijhof, Ard M.; Mani, Rinosh; La Barbera, Giuseppa; Caracappa, Santo; Jongejan, Frans; Fuente García, José de la
2010-02-19

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

3

Sr18Ru1.9Bi4.1O33: crystallization of a Ru(V)/Bi(V) oxide from molten hydroxide

Martín González, Marisol S.; Delattre, James L.; Stacy, Angelica
2003-06-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

4

Snail family members and cell survival in physiological and pathological cleft palates

Martínez-Álvarez, Concepción; Blanco Fernández de Valderrama, María José; Pérez, Raquel; Rabadán, M. Angeles; Aparicio, Marta; Resel, Eva; Martínez, Tamara; Nieto, M. Ángela
2004-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

6

SPEIbase: a global 0.5º gridded SPEI data base (plain text)

Beguería, Santiago; Vicente Serrano, Sergio M.
2010-03-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

7

Roof-shaped pyrazaboles as a structural motif for bent-core liquid crystals

Cavero, Emma; Lydon, Donocadh P.; Uriel, Santiago; Fuente, M. Rosario de la; Serrano, José Luis; Giménez, Raquel
2007-05-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

8

Raman spectra of (He)N-Br2(X) clusters: The role of boson/fermion statistics in a quantum solvent

López Durán, David; Lara Castells, M. Pilar de; Delgado Barrio, Gerardo; Villarreal, Pablo; Paola, C. Di.; Gianturco, Franco Antonio; Jellinek, J.
2004-08-15

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

9

Protein flexibility and metal coordination changes in DHAP-dependent aldolases

Jiménez, Aurora; Clapés Saborit, Pere; Crehuet, Ramón
2009-01-26

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

10

Phylogeographic analysis reveals association of tick-borne pathogen, Anaplasma marginale, MSP1a sequences with ecological traits affecting tick vector performance

Estrada-Peña, Agustín; Naranjo, María Victoria; Acevedo-Whitehouse, Karina; Mangold, Atilio J.; Kocan, Katherine M.; Fuente García, José de la
2009-09-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

11

Moho, crustal architecture and deep deformation under the North Marmara Trough, from the SEISMARMARA Leg 1 offshore–onshore reflection–refraction survey

Bécel, Anne; Laigle, Mireille; Voogd, Béatrice de; Hirn, Alfred; Taymaz, Tuncay; Galvé, Audrey; Shimamura, Hideki; Murai, Yoshio; Lépine, Jean-Claude; Sapin, Martine; Özalaybey, Serdar
2009-03-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

12

Mitochondrial apoptosis induced by BH3-only molecules in the exclusive presence of endoplasmic reticular Bak

Klee, Martina; Pallauf, Kathrin; Alcalá, Sonia; Fleischer, Aarne; Pimentel-Muiños, Felipe X.
2009-04-02

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

13

Microscopic structure and dynamics of molten Se50Te50 alloys

Katcho, N. A.; Zetterström, P.; Lomba, Enrique; Otero Díaz, L. C.
2007-10-10

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

14

Imaging transient species in the femtosecond A-band photodissociation of CH3I

Durá, J.; Nalda, R. de; Amaral, G. A.; Bañares, Luis
2009-10-07

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

15

Holographic operator mixing and quasinormal modes on the brane

Kaminski, Matthias; Landsteiner, Karl; Mas, Javier; Shock, Jonathan P.; Tarrío, Javier
2010-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

16

Experimental transmission of Anaplasma marginale by male Dermacentor reticulatus

Zivkovic, Zorica; Nijhof, Ard M.; Fuente García, José de la; Kocan, Katherine M.; Jongejan, Frans
2007-11-30

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

17

Evidence of the Importance of Host Habitat Use in Predicting the Dilution Effect of Wild Boar for Deer Exposure to Anaplasma spp

Estrada-Peña, Agustín; Gortázar, Christian; Ruiz Fons, J. Francisco; Fuente García, José de la; Acevedo, Pelayo
2008-08-20

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

18

Estudio normativo del Test de Percepción de Diferencias (CARAS) en niños mendocinos/ Normative study on Perception of Differences Test (CARAS) in children from Mendoza

Ison, Mirta Susana; Anta, Fernando Gabriel
2006-12-01

Resumen en español El propósito de este trabajo es presentar las normas del Test de Percepción de Diferencias (CARAS), el cual explora la focalización atencional y la aptitud perceptiva para discriminar semejanzas y diferencias en patrones estimulares parcialmente ordenados, en una muestra de niños de 7 a 12 años de la Provincia de Mendoza (Argentina) de escuelas urbanas y urbanomarginales. La tarea del niño consiste en localizar los estímulos significativos entre un conjunto más am (mas) plio de estímulos que actuarían como distractores, por ello esta técnica es de gran utilidad para detectar disfunciones en el mecanismo de atención selectiva visual. El Test de Percepción de Diferencias (CARAS) se aplicó a una muestra aleatoria de 2.124 niños, conformada por 1.090 varones y 1.034 niñas. Los niños de la muestra concurrían a escuelas primarias urbanas y urbano-marginales del Gran Mendoza y cursaban desde segundo hasta séptimo año de la Enseñanza General Básica (EGB). Se obtuvieron las puntuaciones directas [aciertos - (errores + omisiones)] para cada sexo, edad y ámbito escolar (urbano y urbano-marginal) y luego se determinaron las frecuencias acumulativas, que posteriormente fueron transformadas a rangos percentilares. La evaluación de las habilidades atencionales en niños, mediante la utilización de instrumentos válidos, confiables y adaptados a nuestra población escolar, resulta relevante a los fines de precisar y enriquecer el psicodiagnóstico en tareas de orientación escolar y adecuar programas de intervención psicoeducativos que contribuyan a incrementar el desempeño académico y social del niño. Resumen en inglés It is a necessary condition for the person to count with proper attention tools during the learning process. Taken to a school context, this means that the student must develop certain skills to focus and keep attention efficiently while doing a task. Attention is defined as a modular-natured multiple mechanisms divided into various sub-mechanisms, coordinated among them and controlled by various areas of the brain (Posner & Petersen, 1990). These sub-mechanisms could be (mas) involved in the selection of the attention focus (focused attention), its retaining for a certain time (sustained attention), as well as the movement of the attention focus from one stimulus to a new fixation point (attention switch). The difficult nature and organization of attention mechanisms could pave the way to controlling subject cognition and action mainly when facing new carefully planned situations (Rosselló i Mir, 1998). A switch in any of the submechanisms mentioned above could lead to attention-dysfunction. Precise diagnosis of attention-dysfunctions in children is definitely not an easy task. Within a school context, attention problems are a risk factor leading to academic failure, thus affecting the academic and social performance of the child. Herewith, assessing attention skills in children by means of valid trustworthy tools and adapted to our school population, becomes relevant. Carrying out a precise diagnosis and adapting psychoeducational intervention programs would stop failure and frustration cycles, tending to increase the feeling of self confidence in the school child. CARAS - Test on Perception of Differences made by Thurstone in 1941 and later adapted to the Spanish population by Yela (Thurstone & Yela, 1985) is used to evaluate attention and perceptive skills. It is the task of the subject, being children in this case, to point out significant stimuli among a larger group of stimuli acting as distractors. What makes this technique so useful is its capacity to locate malfunctions in the visual selective attention mechanism. The purpose of this work is to present the Test on Perception of Differences (CARAS) which aim is to explore attention focus and perceptive attitude to discriminate similarities and differences in partially ordered stimuli patterns. The experience was carried out in the Province of Mendoza (Argentina) with children between 7 and 12 years old, attending city schools at risk for poverty. Test on Perception of Differences was administered to a random simple, composed by 2,124 children, 1,090 boys and 1,034 girls with ages between 7 and 12 years old. These school children attended primary schools at risk for poverty, in the suburbs of Mendoza and were between second and seventh grade in Basic General Learning. Direct scores [success - (failures + omissions)] were obtained within each sex and age range, to later determine accumulative frequencies further transformed into percentile ranges. Results show that the school context plays a significant influence (city or urban) on the performance of focused attention only in 8-years-old girls [F Hotelling (1, 473) = 7.56; p

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

19

Differential expression of genes in salivary glands of male Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus in response to infection with Anaplasma marginale

Zivkovic, Zorica; Esteves, Eliane; Almazán, Consuelo; Daffre, Sirlei; Nijhof, Ard M.; Kocan, Katherine M.; Jongejan, Frans; Fuente García, José de la
2010-03-18

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

20

Atlantic Ocean CARINA data: overview and salinity adjustments

Tanhua, T.; Steinfeldt, R.; Key, Robert M.; Brown, P.; Gruber, N.; Wanninkhof, R.; Pérez, Fiz F.; Körtzinger, Arne; Velo, A.; Schuster, U.; Van Heuven, S.; Bullister, J. L.; Stendardo, I.; Hoppema, M.; Olsen, A.; Kozyr, A.; Pierrot, D.; Schirnick, C.; Wallace, D. W. R.
2010-02-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

21

Activation of Vav by the Gammaherpesvirus M2 Protein Contributes to the Establishment of Viral Latency in B Lymphocytes

Bustelo, Xosé R.; Rodrigues, Lénia; Pires de Miranda, Marta; Caloca Roldán, María José; Simas, J. Pedro
2006-06-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

22

A Solid-State Electrochemical Reaction as the Origin of Magnetism at Oxide Nanoparticle Interfaces

Martín-González, Marisol S.; García, Miguel A.; Lorite, Israel; Costa Krämer, José Luis; Rubio Marcos, Fernando; Carmona, N.; Fernández Lozano, José Francisco
2010-01-12

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

23

A Draft Sequence of the Neandertal Genome.

Green, Richard E.; Krause, Johannes; Briggs, Adrian W.; Maricic, Tomislav; Stenzel, Udo; Kircher, Martin; Patterson, Nick; Li, Heng; Zhai, Weiwei; Hsi-Yang Fritz, Markus; F. Hansen, Nancy; Durand, Eric Y.; Malaspinas, Anna-Sapfo; Jensen, Jeffrey D.; Marqués-Bonet, Tomàs; Alkan, Can; Prüfer, Kay; Meyer, Matthias; Burbano, Hernán A.; Good, Jeffrey M.; Schultz, Rigo; Aximu-Petri, Ayinuer; Butthof, Anne; Höber, Barbara; Höffner, Barbara; Siegemund, Madlen; Weihmann, Antje; Nusbaum, Chad; Lander, Eric S.; Russ, Carsten; Novod, Nathaniel; Affourtit, Jason; Egholm, Michael; Verna, Christine; Rudan, Pavao; Brajković, Dejana; Kućan, Zeljko; Gusić, Ivan; Doronichev, Vladimir B.; Golovanova, Liubov V.; Lalueza-Fox, Carles; Rasilla, Marco de la; Fortea, Javier; Rosas, Antonio; Schmitz, Ralf; Johnson, Philip L. F.; Eichler, Evan E.; Falush, Daniel; Birney, Ewan; Mullikin, James C.; Slatkin, Montgomery; Nielsen, Rasmus; Kelso, Janet; Lachmann, Michael; Reich, David; Pääbo, Svante
2010-05-07

Digital.CSIC (Spain)