Sample records for PROTECCION CIVIL (civil defense)
from WorldWideScience.org

Sample records 1 - 13 shown.



1

El discurso hegemónico sobre las acciones colectivas de resistencia civil: Casos comunas 8, 9 y 13 de Medellín/ The Hegemonic Discourse about Collective Actions of Civil Resistance: Cases Communes 8, 9 and 13 of Medellín

Alzate Zuluaga, Mary Luz
2010-01-01

Resumen en español En este artículo se discute la manera cómo en la prensa escrita son informadas las distintas expresiones de resistencia civil, a partir del rastreo de la información registrada en la prensa escrita local y nacional acerca de los casos de las Comunas 8, 9 y 13 de la ciudad de Medellín durante los años 2002-2006. Se busca conocer así, de qué modo han sido descritas e interpretadas dichas prácticas, cuáles son las ausencias y los aspectos subrayados con lo emitido, (mas) qué relaciones de poder se legitiman, entre otras cuestiones. Llegando a afirmar la existencia de un discurso difundido y legitimado en los medios masivos de comunicación, acorde con el orden social y político hegemónico y dominante en Colombia. Este discurso consiste en la invisibilidad de los mensajes políticos de denuncia y oposición frente a los actores armados y sus dinámicas de guerra, y también consiste en la minimización del desafío de las prácticas colectivas producidas cotidianamente en defensa de los derechos vulnerados de los habitantes de los barrios populares y en busca del reconocimiento y justicia frente a la exclusión social y política. Resumen en inglés This article discusses the way that Press reports about the different expressions of civil resistance from tracking information registered on the local and national press about the cases of Communes 8, 9 and 13 of the city of Medellín during the years 2002-2006. The intention is to know how such practices have been described and interpreted, which are the absences and emphasized aspects with the emitted information, what power relations are legitimized, among other quest (mas) ions. There is an affirmation of the existence of a legitimate and spread discourse on the media consistent with the social and political hegemonic order in Colombia. This discourse consist in the invisibility of the political message of denunciation and opposition to the armed actors and their war dynamics, and also consists in the minimization of the challenge represented by the collective practices produced daily in defense of the violated rights of the inhabitants of these deprived neighborhoods in search of recognition and justice against social and political exclusion.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

2

El neoliberalismo y los derechos sociales: Una visión desde la economía y la política/ Neoliberalism and social rights: An economical and political vision

Delgado Selley, Orlando
2006-12-01

Resumen en español Este trabajo intenta explicar las causas fundamentales del auge mundial de la posguerra, para cotejarlas contra el desempeño mundial 1975-2000. Se atiende esencialmente a la contrastación entre la defensa de los derechos sociales, entendidos como la combinación de derechos civiles y derechos económicos. Además, se ofrece un bosquejo inicial de lo que podrían ser los ejes articuladores de una propuesta que permita superar el neoliberalismo. Resumen en inglés This study tries to explain the fundamental causes of post war and the world, to revise them and compare them against it's actions from 1975 to the year 2000. Specifically the contrasts between the defense of social rights, to be understood as the combination of civil rights and economic rights: Besides all of the above, we present an initial draft of what might be the articulating angles of a proposal that allows us to overcome neoliberalism.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

3

Ciencia y Sociedad Civil

Ziman, John
2003-09-01

Resumen en español En la sociedad capitalista actual se acepta comúnmente que el papel de la ciencia es servir a la práctica social a través de sus capacidades instrumentales. Se confunde así a la ciencia con la tecnología y se celebra la tecnociencia como instrumento para alcanzar fines sociales o materiales, determinados por distintos poderes sociales fácticos. Sin embargo, esta preeminencia de la tecnociencia también hace a la ciencia sospechosa para el público y ambigua en su pa (mas) pel social. Por eso la empresa científica necesitaría ser políticamente corregida para asegurar que el público se contacte con ella en un ambiente de verdadero espíritu iluminador. La ciencia puede desempeñar un papel relevante combatiendo la tecnocracia desde la crítica y la imaginación de escenarios alternativos, aportando la defensa de los valores humanos que deben subyacer a nuestra civilización. Su papel no instrumental como órgano de la sociedad civil es un elemento esencial de la democracia pluralista, y esta vital función social es posible gracias a las prácticas académicas tradicionales. La futura relación de la ciencia con la sociedad no debe constituirse desde la tecnociencia utilitaria, sino desde su libertad para desarrollar su papel no instrumental y crítico que sostiene y enriquece la democracia pluralista. Resumen en inglés In today's capitalist society is commonly accepted that the role of science is to serve the social practice through its instrumental capabilities. By this way, science and technology become confused and technoscience is celebrated as an instrument to achieve social or material goals, determined by different factual social powers. However, this prevailing of technoscience makes science suspicious for the public and ambiguous at its social role. That's why the scientific en (mas) terprise should be politically corrected to ensure that public get in contact with science in a context of really illuminating spirit. Science could play a major role struggling against technoscience, talking from the critic and the imagination of alternative scenarios, and providing a defense of the human values that must underlie our civilization. Its non instrumental role as an organ of civil society is a main element of the pluralistic democracy, and this vital function becomes possible thanks to traditional academic practices. The future relationship of science with society shouldn't be constituted from the utilitarian technoscience, but from its liberty to play a non instrumental and critic role that supports and enriches the pluralistic democracy.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

4

Enrique Area Arrondo: Médico, cirujano, profesor, decano, revolucionario siempre/ Enrique Area Arrondo: Doctor, surgeon, professor, dean, for ever revolutionary

Amaro Cano, María del Carmen
2010-03-01

Resumen en español El habanero de procedencia obrera, Enrique Área Arrondo comenzó la actividad laboral como oficinista, mientras estudiaba bachillerato. En 1962, empezó a estudiar Medicina como becario. Realizó su post-graduado en Oriente-Norte; laboró algunos meses en el Hospital de Marcané y luego como Subdirector del Hospital Regional de Mayarí; Jefe de los Servicios Médicos de la Defensa Civil del municipio y Jefe del Estado Mayor de los Servicios Médicos del Regional Mayarí- (mas) Sagua-Moa. De 1972 a 1974, fue miembro de la delegación médica cubana en Argelia. En 1974, inició la residencia en Cirugía en el Hospital "General Calixto García", donde se graduó de especialista de Primer Grado en Cirugía General, en 1977. Desde 1981 hasta 1984, permaneció en Moscú, donde hizo estudios de Candidatura en Microcirugía en trasplantes. En octubre de 1993, fue designado Decano provisional de la Facultad de Medicina "General Calixto García" y, al año siguiente, con carácter definitivo. Desde ese cargo, constituyó la primera cátedra de Bioética del país, en marzo de 1995. Diagnosticado con cáncer de pulmón el 17 de enero de 1996, en apenas 5 meses evolucionó hacia la muerte, ocurrida el 26 de junio del mismo año; dejaba la profunda huella de su ejemplo de médico, profesor y revolucionario. Resumen en inglés The Havanan from a working-class origin, Enrique Área Arrondo, started working as a clerk while he was studying High School. In 1962 he began to study medicine as a boarding student. His postgraduate work was carried out in the Northeastern region of Cuba. He worked for a few months at the hospital in Marcané, then as Vice Director of the regional Hospital in Mayarí, Head of the Municipal Civil Defense Medical Service and Head of the general staff of the regional medic (mas) al services in Mayarí-Sagua-Moa. From 1972 to 1974 he was a member of the medical Cuban delegation in Algeria. In 1974 he began his residency in surgery at "General Calixto García" Hospital, graduating as a first degree General Surgeon in 1977. From 1981 to 1984 he stayed in Moscow where he specialized on Microsurgery in Transplants. In October, 1993 he was appointed as the provisional Dean of "General Calixto García" Medical Sciences School, and officially named the following year. From that position he created Cuba's first Bioethics professorship in March, 1995. Diagnosed with Lung Cancer, on January 17, 1996, in barely five months, he passed away on June 26, leaving a deep legacy as a doctor, professor and revolutionary.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

5

En torno a las condiciones materiales de la libertad: la renta básica como fundamento de la sociedad civil

Casassas, David
2008-05-01

Resumen en español Con la publicación de Las condiciones materiales de la libertad, Daniel Raventós insiste en la defensa normativa de una renta básica en tanto que herramienta capaz de otorgar independencia material al conjunto de la ciudadanía. Dicho proyecto es presentado como un intento de trasladar al mundo contemporáneo las aspiraciones políticas del grueso del republicanismo democrático revolucionario de los siglos XVII y XVIII y, más adelante, de buena parte de la tradición (mas) socialista, a saber: el de cortar de raíz las asimetrías de poder que permean la vida social y poner freno a todas las formas de desposesión de las condiciones materiales necesarias para llevar una vida en condiciones de libertad como ausencia de dominación. En este texto se discuten algunas de las implicaciones filosóficas de tales postulados, a la vez que se ofrece una panorámica de algunos de los debates que dichos planteamientos suscitan en el ámbito de la filosofía moral y política. Resumen en inglés With the publication of Las condiciones materiales de la libertad, Daniel Raventós stresses the normative defense of basic income as a way to bestow material independence upon all citizens. This project is shown as an attempt to convey into contemporary world the political aspirations of 17th and 18th Century revolutionary democratic republicanism and, later, those of the main body of the socialist tradition, that is: to extirpate the roots of all those asymmetries of po (mas) wer that permeate social life and to put a break on all forms of dispossession of those material conditions that are needed by individuals to lead a life under conditions of non-domination. In this text I discuss some of the philosophical implications of these postulates and I give an outlook on some of the debates that this line of analysis arouses in the domain of moral and political philosophy.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

6

Procesos geológicos e intensidad macrosísmica Inqua del sismo de Pisco del 15/08/2007, Perú/ Geological process and INQUA macro-seismic intensity scale of Pisco earthquake 15/08/2007, Perú

Zavala, Bilberto; Hermanns, Reginald; Valderrama, Patricio; Costa, Carlos; Rosado, Malena
2009-12-01

Resumen en español El 15 de agosto de 2007 las ciudades de Pisco, Ica, Chincha y Cañete, ubicadas entre 140 y 300 km al sur de la capital peruana, fueron afectadas por un sismo de magnitud 7,9 (Mw). Los reportes finales del Instituto Nacional de Defensa Civil indicaron la ocurrencia de 519 muertes y entre 655 y 679 viviendas afectadas. Fueron severamente dañadas ciudades como Pisco, San Clemente y Tambo de Mora, áreas agrícolas en los valles de Pisco y Cañete y varios tramos de la carr (mas) etera panamericana sur. Lugares turísticos en la Reserva Nacional de Paracas fueron destruidos, vías de penetración a la sierra de Ica, Huancavelica y Lima fueron bloqueadas, y poblaciones asentadas sobre depósitos de antiguos deslizamientos sufrieron daños (Laraos, Chocos, Huangascar, Tantará). Balnearios, caletas y muelles artesanales en la zona litoral, áreas agrícolas y algunas granjas avícolas sufrieron los efectos de un tsunami. Procesos geológicos cosísmicos y postsísmicos responsables de los daños, ocurrieron en un radio de 200 km del epicentro. Deformaciones superficiales asociadas a licuación y expansión lateral se presentaron en las planicies y valles aluviales costeros, afectando sedimentitas terciarias y depósitos recientes, con niveles freáticos superficiales. Movimientos en masa (caída de rocas, derrumbes y deslizamientos), ocurrieron entre 32 y 198 km del epicentro, con volúmenes acumulados de 14.750 m³ (costa) y 9.585 m³ (sierra). Olas de tsunami post-sismo, alcanzaron un run up de hasta 10 m (playa Yumaque) y hasta 2 km de inundación (playa Lagunillas), en la Reserva Nacional de Paracas. La descripción geológica y geomorfológica de estos procesos, indicaron que el sismo de Pisco alcanzó un grado entre VII y VIII utilizando la escala de intensidad macrosísmica INQUA. Resumen en inglés In August 15th, 2007 the cities of Pisco, Ica, Chincha and Cañete, located south of the Peruvian capital city, were affected for a mayor earthquake (7.9 Mw). The final report from the National Institute of Civil Defense totaled 519 casualties and 655 to 679 damaged houses. Cities like Pisco, San Clemente and Tambo de Mora were severely affected, as well as agricultural areas in Pisco and Cañete valleys. The Panamericana highway was considerablely affected. In the Nation (mas) al Reserve Paracas many tourist places were destroyed and many secondary roads that connect the coastal area with the high part of the Andes (Ica, Huancavelica and Lima) were blocked due to rock falls. Small towns in the Andes placed on ancient landslide deposits were damaged (Laraos, Chocos, Huangascar, Tantará). Seaside resorts, creeks and small docks in the coastal area and some chicken farms were affected by the tsunami. Coseismic and postseismic geological processes were responsible for the damage in a 200 km radius from the epicenter. Ground deformation and lateral spreading happened in Tertiary sediments due to a shallow of the ground water table. Mass movements (rock fall, collapsing and landslides) are located between 32 and 198 km from the epicenter, with accumulated volumes of 14,750 m³ (Coastal area) and 9, 585 m³ (Andes area). The tsunami waves got 10 m of run up (Yumaque beach) and up to 2 km of flooding at the beach zone (Lagunillas beach) in the National Reserve of Paracas. The geological and geomorphological descriptions of this process determine that that the Pisco earthquake reached a VII and VIII grade on the INQUA macro-seismic intensity scale.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

7

Patrimonio arqueológico de la provincia de Jujuy: alcances y limites de la legislación en vigencia/ Jujuy province archaeological patrimony: scope and limits of the existing legislation

Rodriguez, Juan Carlos; Rivero, Analía Mariel
2002-05-01

Resumen en español La Ley 3866/82 de "Defensa del patrimonio arqueológico, paleontológico, paleoantropológico e histórico de interés científico de la provincia de Jujuy", se encuentra en plena vigencia y el organismo encargado de la aplicación de la misma es la "Secretaría de Estado de Cultura a través del Departamento de Antropología y Folklore". Desde su sanción y promulgación la mencionada ley pasó por distintos momentos en cuanto a su aplicación. Los cuales estuvieron marc (mas) ados por las posibilidades políticas y económicas de la provincia de llevar a la práctica lo enunciado por dicha ley y, en última instancia, por la "preocupación o conciencia" de funcionarios de cada uno de esos gobiernos que ponen énfasis en determinados aspectos de la misma. Los "cambios" producidos en su forma de aplicarla llevaron en numerosas ocasiones a cumplimientos "parciales o totales", en diversas circunstancias, por quienes están en distinto grado relacionados al patrimonio arqueológico (políticos, investigadores, pobladores, etc.): ¿Si antes no hacían nada... ahora que quieren?. En el presente trabajo intentamos acercarnos a la "realidad" de la vigencia y aplicación actual de la mencionada ley en la provincia de Jujuy. Resumen en inglés Law 3866/82 of "Defense of archaeological, paleontological, paleoantropológico and historical the patrimony of scientific interest of the province of Jujuy", is use in the heat of and the organism in charge of the application of the same one is the "Secretariat of State of Culture through the Department of Anthropology and Folklore". From its sanction and promulgation the mentioned law happened through different moments as far as its application. Which were marked by the (mas) possibilities political and economic of the province to take to the practice the statement by this law and, in last instance, by the "preoccupation or conscience" of civil employees of each one of those governments who put emphasis in certain aspects of the same one. The "produced changes" in their form to apply took it in numerous occasions "to partial or total" fulfillments, in diverse circumstances, of those who are in favor in different degree related from the archaeological patrimony (politicians, investigators, settlers, etc.): If before they did not do anything... now that they want? In the present work we tried to approach us the "reality" of the use and present application of the mentioned law in the province of Jujuy.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

8

En defensa de los niños y las mujeres: un acercamiento a la vida de la psiquiatra Mathilde Rodríguez Cabo/ In defense of children and women: a life approach to a psychiatrist Mathilde Rodriguez Cabo

Sosenski, Susana; Sosenski, Gregorio
2010-02-01

Resumen en español Mathilde Rodríguez Cabo fue la primera especialista en psiquiatría en México, además de una destacada líder feminista que participó en el movimiento por la protección a la infancia y en la lucha por los derechos políticos, sociales y humanos de las mujeres. Nació en Las Palmas, San Luis Potosí, en 1902. En su adolescencia logró un dominio completo del idioma alemán lo que más tarde utilizó para traducir al castellano algunas obras de psiquiatría alemana com (mas) o la Simbología del espíritu de Carl Gustav Jung o la Correspondencia entre Sigmund Freud y Oskar Pfister. En 1922, Rodríguez Cabo buscó ingresar a la carrera de médico cirujano en la Universidad Nacional de México, y fue en 1929 cuando la Sociedad Alexander von Humboldt becó a la joven médica Mathilde para estudiar una especialidad en psiquiatría y neurología en los Cursos Internacionales de Perfeccionamiento Médico que se impartían anualmente en la Universidad de Berlín. De tal modo, la doctora Rodríguez Cabo entró en el minúsculo y selecto grupo de mexicanas que contaban con una carrera universitaria y estudiaban una especialidad. Al concluir sus cursos de psiquiatría y encontrándose todavía en Alemania, el gobierno mexicano la comisionó para viajar a la Unión Soviética para investigar y conocer los métodos de protección a la infancia que se realizaban en aquél país. La permanencia de Mathilde en la URSS estalinista le permitió observar de cerca la organización social soviética y además imbuirse en ideas socialistas y de progreso social. En 1932 se creó el Pabellón Infantil en el Manicomio General de La Castañeda, suceso que respondió al contexto de preocupación generalizada por la infancia que inundó al siglo XX mexicano. En octubre de 1932, el director del Manicomio General notificó a Rodríguez Cabo su designación como directora del Pabellón de Psiquiatría Infantil. Las primeras labores de la doctora Mathilde fueron elaborar un proyecto de organización del pabellón que diera eficiencia tanto en los servicios como en los fondos del manicomio. En su gestión al frente del Pabellón Infantil intensificó el trabajo de los enfermos mentales internados en el Manicomio, intentando una readaptación social que, sin olvidar las circunstancias clínicas específicas a cada caso individual, capacitara al enfermo para la vida social, lo hiciera un individuo responsable, con respeto, sumisión y capacidad de trabajo. La psiquiatra Rodríguez Cabo no sólo sobresalió en el campo de la psiquiatría infantil. Sus actividades en torno a la lucha por los derechos de la mujer la convirtieron en una de las médicas mexicanas más comprometidas políticamente y con un mayor ámbito de acción social. En relación a los derechos civiles de la mujer, la crítica de la psiquiatra se enfocó en que la ley no protegía suficientemente ni a la madre soltera ni a los hijos naturales y en que sería necesario sistematizar y reglamentar la investigación de la paternidad para obligar a los padres a colaborar con la madre en el sostenimiento de los hijos, sobre todo en las clases proletarias en las que el matrimonio o las uniones permanentes eran excepcionales y los hijos eran muy frecuentemente resultado de relaciones sexuales accidentales. Otro de los temas que le preocupó fue el del aborto. Entre 1920 y 1940 varios médicos discutieron los pros y contras de su legalización en el marco de las ideas eugenistas. Hasta ese momento el código penal lo calificaba como infanticidio. Rodríguez Cabo se manifestó con una férrea defensa de que el aborto fuera eliminado del >, y marcó así los antecedentes de la lucha por su legalización en México. Rodríguez Cabo fue la primera psiquiatra en México, la caracterizó su profunda conciencia de la importancia de la mujer en la vida profesional, social y política del país. Estuvo relacionada con grandes figuras de la medicina, del derecho, de la política y de la literatura de su época. Fue una figura que marcó la profesionalización y el desarrollo de la psiquiatría infantil en nuestro país. Resumen en inglés Mathilde Rodríguez Cabo was the first female psychiatrist in Mexico. She was a prominent feminist leader who participated in the movement for childhood protection. She was also part of the struggle for political, social, and human rights of women. However, her outstanding career has remained forgotten and unknown to the public for a long time. This article seeks to bring to light her biography by rebuilding two important aspects of her life: her performance in the field (mas) of child psychiatry in post-revolutionary Mexico, and her fierce struggle as an activist defending Mexican women's rights. Mathilde Rodríguez was born in Las Palmas, San Luis Potosí, in 1902. While the country was convulsed by the revolutionary war, she joined the Colegio Alemán in Mexico City at the age of fourteen. An outstanding student, she finished her high school studies and learned German, which became useful for traveling and studying in Germany. Later she also translated in to Spanish important works from German psychiatry, such as Carl Gustav Jung's Symbolik des Geiste, and the Correspondence, between Sigmund Freud and Oskar Pfister. In 1922, Rodríguez began studing medicine at the Universidad Nacional de México. In 1929, she received a scholarship from the Alexander von Humboldt Society, given to young doctors to study a specialty in psychiatry and neurology at Cursos Internacionales de Perfeccionamiento Médico, offered annually by the University of Berlin. Thus, doctor Rodríguez became part of the small and selected group of Mexicans who got a university degree and a specialty. While still in Germany after finishing her curses, the Mexican government commissioned Rodríguez to travel to the Soviet Union to do research and learn the methods to protect children in that country. The permanence of Mathilde in Stalinist SSRU allowed her to observe directly the Russian social organization, and to get involved in socialist and progressive ideas. In 1932, the Children's Pavilion was created at the General Mental Hospital of La Castañeda, which responded to the general concern on childhood that characterized the Mexican twentieth century. Also, this was considered as a way to revalue and reconstruct the credibility of the institution. In October of the same year, the director of the Mental Hospital named Rodríguez Cabo director of the Children Psychiatric Pavilion. The early work of doctor Mathilde was to plan the organization of the place in order to enhance services and to obtain economical funds for its management. She removed unnecessary personnel and regulated the operation of the annexed school by including life conditions of students and general rules that should be followed in the institution. In addition, she developed a curriculum to include courses on special teaching and general culture, she proposed a class schedule with teaching procedures and evaluation systems, and elaborated a spending budget, which included food and attention of children, as well as the implementation of workshops. During her term as director of the Children's Pavilion, Mathilde Rodríguez intensified the work with mentally ill patients at the mental hospital, seeking a social rehabilitation and considering specific clinical circumstances in each particular case. Also, young patients had to be trained for social life as responsible individuals showing respect, submission, and capability to work. Psychiatrist Rodríguez Cabo not only was outstanding in the field of child psychiatry. Her activities for the struggle for women's rights made her one of the most politically committed Mexican doctors, with a high level of social activism. The government of General Lázaro Cárdenas had given a powerful impulse to the mobilization, organization, and consolidation of feminist struggles. In 1935, women who fought in the ruling Partido Nacional Revolucionario (the current PRI) and the Partido Comunista Mexicano were in charge of organizing a congress, established a united front for the rights of women. Mathilde Rodríguez Cabo participated in this congress, as in many others. In relation to women's civil rights, her criticism focused on the law, which did not sufficiently protect single mothers or natural children. She claimed it was necessary to regulate and structure and regulate the investigation over paternity to compel parents to cooperate with the mothers in raising their children, especially among the proletarian class, in which marriage or permanent unions were exceptional and children were very often the result of casual sex. Another issue Mathilde was concerned with was abortion. Between 1920 and 1940 several doctors discussed the pros and cons of the legalizing abortion in the context of eugenic ideas. Until then, criminal justice described abortion as infanticide. Mathilde Rodríguez Cabo shared the eugenic thought in Mexico, which gave women a role as the reproductive, and protector agent of the genetic heritage, and which recommended abortion and birth control for mentally weak, insane or epileptic women. Abortion was proposed as a measure to assist in the improvement of race. Rodríguez Cabo strongly defended that abortion had to be removed from the catalog of crimes, and thus she established the antecedents of the struggle for the legalization of abortion in Mexico. Furthermore, being the first female psychiatrist in Mexico, doctor Mathilde Rodríguez Cabo had a deep awareness of the importance of women in professional, social, and political life of the country. She was related to great figures in medicine, law, politics, and literature of her time. Mathilde was aware of maternity and health problems of both Mexican mothers and children, as well as of social problems related to social rehabilitation centers. She was also a figure who supported child psychiatry as a profession and she helped to develop it in our country. She argued that it was possible to rehabilitate abnormal or mentally ill children by making them useful to society, helping them to reintegrate into social life as early as possible. Feeding, working, music, and gymnastics became the most important therapeutic activities for Rodríguez Cabo. However, she was convinced that a substantial part of children's rehabilitation depended on a close and loving treatment, as well as psycho-physiological studies to determine appropriate diagnosis of illness and its treatment. Although she acknowledged that the causes of children's mental and school retardation could result from genetics or inheritance, she argued that the economic situation of their families contributed to these problems as well. Such thought was contrary to the biological and hereditary deterministic ideas, which were predominant during the post-revolution. Mathilde spread the word of Mexico at each of the international conferences she attended, especially in relation to women and children, the two major groups to whom she devoted her life. From the public institutions where she worked, she became actively involved in the development of law projects, and she fought permanently for a more just and equal society to face inequality and social injustice. Finally, she sought to provide men and women with the same rights, in spite of the fact that the Mexican Revolution had not yet reached society.

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

9

Sondeos arqueológicos en la glorieta de Murcia

Navarro Palazón, Julio; Ramírez Águila, Juan Antonio
1996-01-01

Digital.CSIC (Spain)

10

La historia de la casación civil española: una experiencia que aconseja no avanzar en el modelo de unificación de la doctrina/ The History of the Spanish Civil Cassation: an Experience that Advises not to Advance in the Model of Unification of the Doctrine

Delgado Castro, Jordi
2009-12-01

Resumen en español El presente artículo analiza la historia de la casación española. Desde su origen y planteamiento esta institución ha tenido un marcado carácter nacional que la ha distinguido de su homóloga francesa. Un detallado repaso a la historia permite destacar las principales finalidades de la casación defensora tanto del ius litigatoris como del ius constitutionis. Sin embargo, desde las reformas de la Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil española del año 2000 el legislador ha id (mas) o incorporando toda una serie de elementos desconocidos para el derecho español. La necesidad de descongestionar al órgano casacional español ha motivado la progresiva adopción de figuras ajenas a toda tradición anterior que rompen con las originales finalidades instauradas por los sabios jurisconsultos decimonónicos. La misma senda parece estar tomando el legislador chileno. La reforma de los recursos tanto en el orden laboral como en el Proyecto de Código de Procedimiento Civil se inclina hacia un nuevo recurso de casación para la unificación de jurisprudencia no conocido en la historia chilena Resumen en inglés This article analyses the history of the Spanish cassation. Since its origin and presentation, this institution has had a strong national feature which has differentiated it from its French counterpart. A detailed revision of the history allows highlighting the main objectives of the cassation in relation to the defense, both ius litigatoris and ius constitutionis. However, since the reforms to the Spanish Law of Civil Procedure, carried out in the year 2000, legislators (mas) have been including a series of unknown elements to the Spanish law. In order to reduce the impediments that the Spanish cassation entity has, elements external to any former tradition have progressively been adopted, which break the original objectives established by the wise jurists of the 19th century. The Chilean legislator seems to be walking along the same path. The reform to the recourses both in the labor law and in the Code of Civil Procedure Project goes towards a new recourse of cassation to the unification of the jurisprudence not known in the Chilean history

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

11

LA GRAN CONVENCIÓN DEL PARTIDO LIBERAL DEMOCRÁTICO EN 1893: UN HITO EN LA REORGANIZACIÓN DEL BALMACEDISMO DESPUÉS DE LA GUERRA CIVIL CHILENA DE 1891

SAN FRANCISCO, ALEJANDRO
2003-08-01

Resumen en inglés The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the i (mas) mportant decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later

Scientific Electronic Library Online (Spanish)

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Competencia intercapitalista en tecnología estratégica y su militarización: el caso del sistema satelital Galileo/ Intercapitalist competition in strategic technology and its militarization: the case of the Galileo satellite system/ Competence en technologie strategique et militarisation: le cas du système du satellite Galileo

Ramos, Gian Carlo Delgado
2007-11-01

Resumen en portugués São três os atores que se identificam no desenvolvimento científico-tecnológico: o Estado-nação; as corporações multinacionais e os núcleos de produção do conhecimento. Sua interação e sua sinergia para o desenvolvimento endógeno de tecnologia civil e militar é algo bem estabelecido nos estados capitalistas metropolitanos. A partir dessa perspectiva de sinergia, que chamo de "rede industrial", percebe-se uma crescente militarização da "rede industrial eur (mas) opéia" como resultado de um acentuada rivalidade intercapitalista (sobretudo com os Estados Unidos). Uma avaliação sociológica do papel dos principais atores, assim como das implicações e das conseqüências-chave, é apresentada neste artigo. Em termos gerais, para o caso do setor militar e de defesa e, especificamente, para o sistema de satélites Galileu. Analisam-se alguns traços da competência entre os sistemas de satélites Galileu (da Europa), GPS (dos Estados Unidos), Glonass (da Rússia) e Beidou (da China). Além disso, apresenta-se uma discussão do papel que pode desempenhar a América do Sul - fundamentalmente o Brasil - no processo de desenvolvimento do projeto Galileu. Resumen en inglés There are three actors identified with scientific and technological development: the Nation state, multinational corporations and knowledge production centers. Their interaction and synergy in favor of the endogenous development of civil and military technology is well-established within metropolitan capitalist states. From the perspective of the synergy of what I have denominated as a "industrial network", we are able to perceive a growing militarization of the "European (mas) industrial network" as the result of accentuated intercapitalist rivalry (principally with the United States). I present a sociological evaluation of the role of main actors, as well as key implications and consequences, in general terms, for the militar and defense sectors and specifically for the Galileo satelite system. I also analyze some of the characteristics of the competition between the European Galileo satellite System, the U.S. GPS, the Russian Glonass and the Chinese Beidou systems. I go on to offer a discussion on the role that South America - and Brazil in particular - may play in the development of the Galileo system.

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