Sample records for EINKOMMENSVERTEILUNG (income distribution)
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3

Wage inequality, comparative advantage and skill biased technical change in South Africa

Rattsø, Jørn; Stokke, Hildegunn

International trade may influence income distribution. This study takes as a starting point the puzzling development of relative wages between skilled and unskilled labor in South Africa. Wage inequality decreased during the sanctions period and increased with trade liberalization post Apartheid, co...

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4

Violent conflict and inequality

Bircan, Cagatay; Brück, Tilman; Vothknecht, Marc

This paper analyzes the distributive impacts of violent conflicts, which is in contrast to previous literature that has focused on the other direction. We use cross-country panel data for the time period 1960-2005 to estimate war-related changes in income inequality. Our results indicate rising leve...

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7

Trade Liberalization and Income Distribution: A CGE Model for Jordan

Feraboli, Omar; Trimborn, Timo

The Association Agreement between Jordan and the EU entered into force in 2002. It provides a gradual reduction of import duties on EU products over a period of twelve years. In this paper we investigate the economic implications of induced trade liberalization on aggregate economic performance as w...

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9

The relationship between economic growth and inequality: evidence from the age of market liberalism

Angeles-Castro, Gerardo

Based on panel data we find that the inequality-growth relationship follows an ordinary-U curve during the period 1970-1998, in which inequality first decreases and then increases with economic growth. We also find some evidence that the increasing pattern of inequality may reverse at higher levels ...

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11

The World Distribution of Well-being Dissected

Summers, R.; Heston, A.; Conference on Research in Income and Wealth
1999-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

18

The Income Portfolio of Immigrants in Germany - Effects of Ethnic Origin and Assimilation Or: Who Gains from Income Re-Distribution?

Frick, Joachim R.; Büchel, Felix

This paper deals with the economic performance of various population groups in Germany giving special attention to ethnic origin of immigrants as compared to the native born German population. In addition, winners and losers of the re-distribution process, induced by the tax and social security syst...

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20

The Effects of DR-CAFTA in Nicaragua A CGE-Microsimulation Model for Poverty and Inequality Analysis

Colombo, Giulia

In this paper, we build a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE)-microsimulation model for the economy of Nicaragua following the Top-Down approach (see Bourguignon et al., 2003), that is, the reform is simulated first at the macro level with the CGE model, and then it is passed onto the microsimulati...

DRIVER (German)

29

Supply-side effects of strong energy price hikes in German industry and transportation

Knetsch, Thomas A.; Molzahn, Alexander

The paper studies the short-term effects of energy price hikes on the supply of industrial goods and transport services including the repercussions on remuneration of input factors. While industry had suffered more strongly from the oil price shock of the late 1970s compared with the one of the earl...

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36

Racial and gender wage differentials in South Africa: What can cohort data tell?

Grün, Carola

High poverty rates as well as a very unequal distribution of income and wealth are distinctive features of post Apartheid South Africa. Studies analysing the extent of income inequality show that since the end of Apartheid the distribution of income has at best not changed at all, but depending on t...

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38

Professor John Bessant CV

Bessant, John

John Bessant is Professor of Innovation Management at the School of Management, Cranfield University. He graduated from Aston University with a degree in Chemical Engineering in 1975 and later obtained a PhD for work on innovation within the chemical industry. After a spell in industry he took up fu...

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43

Perspectives on the World Income Distribution: Beyond Twin Peaks Towards Welfare Conclusions

Weisbrod, Julian; Vollmer, Sebastian; Holzmann, Hajo

This paper contributes towards the growing debate concerning the world distribution of income and its evolution over that past three to four decades. Our methodological approach is twofold. First, we formally test for the number of modes in a cross-sectional analysis where each country is represente...

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49

Occupational distribution of inflammatory bowel disease among German employees.

Sonnenberg, A

Previous reports have shown that both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis affect people in white collar occupations associated with higher income and higher social class more frequently than other groups in the population. This study sought to carry these analyses one step further and investigate...

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50

Nickel and dimed German style: the working poor in Germany

Haisken-DeNew, John P.; Schmidt, Christoph M.

Using data from the German SOEP, this paper analyses whether there have been (a) any significant changes in poverty rates and poverty intensities before and after the Hartz IV reforms and (b) whether there have been observable changes in the effect of employment in reducing the threat or intensity o...

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52

Moeglichkeiten zur Modellierung hoher Einkommen auf Grundlage der Einkommensteuerstatistik

Bach, Stefan; Bartholmai, Bernd

Haushaltsstichproben wie die EVS spiegeln die Randbereiche der Verteilung nur unzureichend. Um die oberen Einkommensbereiche besser abzubilden, bietet sich eine Analyse der Einkommensteuerstatistik an, in der die "reichen" Haushalte bzw. Personen vollständig sind. Einkommenskonzept und Einkommensdat...

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53

Missing Income Data in the German SOEP : Incidence, Imputation and its Impact on the Income distribution

Grabka, Markus M.; Frick, Joachim R.

This paper deals with the question of selectivity of missing data on income questions in large panel surveys due to item-non-response and with imputation as one alternative strategy to cope with this issue. In contrast to cross-section surveys, the imputation of missing values in panel data can prof...

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54

Migration, the quality of the labour force and economic inequality

Kahanec, Martin; Zimmermann, Klaus F.

Mobility of workers involves flows of labour, human capital and other production factors and thus contributes to a more efficient allocation of resources. Besides these effects on allocative efficiency, migrant flows affect relative wages and also change the international and national distribution o...

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55

Measuring inequality using censored data: a multiple imputation approach

Jenkins, Stephen P.; Burkhauser, Richard V.; Feng, Shuaizhang; Larrimore, Jeff

To measure income inequality with right censored (topcoded) data, we propose multiple imputation for censored observations using draws from Generalized Beta of the Second Kind distributions to provide partially synthetic datasets analyzed using complete data methods. Estimation and inference uses Re...

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61
63

Labor market and income effects of a legal minimum wage in Germany

Müller, Kai-Uwe; Steiner, Viktor

In view of rising wage and income inequality, the introduction of a legal minimum wage has recently become an important policy issue in Germany. We analyze the distributional effects of a nationwide legal minimum wage of 7.50 € per hour on the basis of a microsimulation model which accounts for the ...

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66

Introducing family tax splitting in Germany: how would it affect the income distribution and work incentives?

Steiner, Viktor; Wrohlich, Katharina

We analyze the effects of three alternative proposals to reform the taxation of families relative to the current German system of joint taxation of couples and child allowances: a French-type family splitting and two full family splitting proposals. The empirical analysis of the effects of these pro...

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67

Introducing Family Tax Splitting in Germany: How Would It Affect the Income Distribution and Work Incentives?

Steiner, Viktor; Wrohlich, Katharina

We analyze the effects of three alternative proposals to reform the taxation of families relative to the current German system of joint taxation of couples and child allowances: a French-type family splitting and two full family splitting proposals. The empirical analysis of the effects of these pro...

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73

Inequality in the Distribution of Household Expenditure in Cameroon

Fambon, Samuel

In the literature, it is generally accepted that consumption is a more appropriate welfare measure than household income or salaries. This paper aims to investigate the evolution of expenditure inequality in Cameroon over the 1984-1996 period, with the help of Lorenz Curves, the Gini coefficient, an...

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75

Income taxation and household size: would French family splitting make German families better off?

Baclet, Alexandre; Dell, Fabien; Wrohlich, Katharina

In this paper, we address the question whether family support via the income tax system is more generous in France than in Germany, as it is often claimed in the public debate. We use two micro-data sets and a micro-simulation model to compare effective average tax rates for different household type...

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82

Income Taxation and Household Size: Would French Family Splitting Make German Families Better off ?

Baclet, Alexandre; Dell, Fabien; Wrohlich, Katharina

In this paper, we address the question whether family support via the income tax system is more generous in France than in Germany, as it is often claimed in the public debate. We use two micro-data sets and a micro-simulation model to compare effective average tax rates for different household type...

DRIVER (German)

95

Gender Differences in German Upward Income Mobility

Gang, Ira N.; Landon-Lane, John; Yun, Myeong-Su

We examine the upward labor income mobility of men and women in Germany using the GSOEP Cross National Equivalent File. Women have greater overall income mobility. However, utilizing a measure of upward income mobility and calculating the posterior probability that men?s upward income mobility is gr...

DRIVER (German)

96

From bottom to top: the entire distribution of market income in Germany, 1992 - 2001

Bach, Stefan; Corneo, Giacomo; Steiner, Viktor

We analyze the distribution and concentration of market incomes in Germany in the period 1992 to 2001 on the basis of an integrated data set of individual tax returns and the German Socio-Economic Panel. The unique feature of this integrated data set is that it encompasses the whole spectrum of the ...

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97

From Bottom to Top: The Entire Distribution of Market Income in Germany, 1992 - 2001

Bach, Stefan; Corneo, Giacomo; Steiner, Viktor

We analyze the distribution and concentration of market incomes in Germany in the period 1992 to 2001 on the basis of an integrated data set of individual tax returns and the German Socio-Economic Panel. The unique feature of this integrated data set is that it encompasses the whole spectrum of the ...

DRIVER (German)

107
109

Economic gains from publicly provided education in Germany

Frick, Joachim R.; Grabka, Markus M.; Groh-Samberg, Olaf

The aim of this paper is to estimate income advantages arising from publicly provided educa-tion and to analyse their impact on the income distribution in Germany. Using representative micro-data from the SOEP and considering regional and education-specific variation, from a cross-sectional perspect...

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110
113

Does Inequality Harm Income Mobility and Growth? An Assessment of the Growth Impact of Income and Education Inequality in Paraguay 1992: 2002

Otter, Thomas

Poverty reduction is entirely determined by the growth rate of population?s mean per capita income1 and by the change in the distribution of income. This places the empirical relation between growth and inequality at the heart of poverty reducing strategies. This study, which estimates the relation ...

DRIVER (German)

114

Does Imported Skill-Biased Technological Change Originate None, One or Many Kuznets Curves?

Vivarelli, Marco; Grimalda, Gianluca

We draw on a dynamical two-sector model and on a calibration exercise to study the impact of a skill-biased technological shock on the growth path and income distribution of a developing economy. The model builds on the theoretical framework developed by Silverberg and Verspagen (1995) and on the id...

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115

Distributional effects of FDI: How the interaction of FDI and economic policy affects poor households in Bolivia

Nunnenkamp, Peter; Schweickert, Rainer; Wiebelt, Manfred

This paper provides a computable general equilibrium analysis of the medium to long-run impact of FDI inflows on poverty and income distribution in Bolivia. The simulation results suggest that FDI inflows enhance economic growth and reduce poverty. However, the income distribution typically becomes ...

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116

Distributional and behavioural effects of the German labour market reform

Clauss, Markus; Schnabel, Reinhold

We estimate the effects of the reform of the German Unemployment Insurance that replaced the wage related Unemployment Assistance with an income maintenance program and stronger means testing. We model the tax-benefit system and use the Socio- Economic Panel. We estimate a discrete labour supply mod...

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117

Distributional and Behavioural Effects of the German Labour Market Reform

Clauss, Markus; Schnabel, Reinhold

We estimate the effects of the reform of the German Unemployment Insurance that replaced the wage related Unemployment Assistance with an income maintenance program and stronger means testing. We model the tax-benefit system and use the Socio-Economic Panel. We estimate a discrete labour supply mode...

DRIVER (German)

118

Distribution and Development in a Model of Misgovernance

Blackburn, Keith; Forgues-Puccio, Gonzalo F.

This paper presents an analysis of bureaucratic corruption, income inequality and economic development. The analysis is based on a dynamic general equilibrium model in which bureaucrats are appointed by the government to implement a redistributive programme of taxes and subsidies designed to benefit...

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127

Are People Inequality Averse, and Do They Prefer Redistribution by the State? Evidence From German Longitudinal Data on Life Satisfaction

Schwarze, Johannes; Härpfer, Marco

We link life-satisfaction data to inequality of the pre-government income distribution at the regional level, to estimate the degree of inequality aversion. In addition, we investigate whether a reduction in inequality by the state increases individual well-being. We find that Germans are inequality...

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128

Are People Inequality Averse, and Do They Prefer Redistribution by the State? Evidence From German Longitudinal Data on Life Satisfaction

Schwarze, Johannes; Härpfer, Marco

We link life-satisfaction data to inequality of the pre-government income distribution at the regional level, to estimate the degree of inequality aversion. In addition, we investigate whether a reduction in inequality by the state increases individual well-being. We find that Germans are inequality...

DRIVER (German)

129

Are People Inequality Averse, and Do They Prefer Redistribution by the State? : Evidence from German Longitudinal Data on Life Satisfaction

Schwarze, Johannes; Härpfer, Marco

We link life-satisfaction data to inequality of the pre- and post-government income distribution at the regional level, to estimate the degree of inequality aversion. Three different inequality measures are used. In addition, we investigate whether a reduction in inequality by the state increases in...

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132

A household-based Human Development Index

Harttgen, Kenneth; Klasen, Stephan

One of the most serious weaknesses of the human development index (HDI) is that it considers only average achievements and does not take into account the distribution of human development within a country or by population subgroups. All previous attempts to capture inequality in the HDI have also us...

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137

Schluter, Christian

Non-parametric kernel density estimates are employed for an exploratory analysis of the distributional conseuqnces of the German tax-benefit system using GSOEP. The focuses is on the year 1991 and a detailed analysis is provided. Moreover, the anatomy of income inequality is thoroughly examined, and...

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138

Hills, John

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139

20 years of German unification: evidence on income convergence and heterogeneity

Peters, Heiko; Brück, Tilman

We analyse the convergence and heterogeneity of living standards between East and West Germany since unification. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), we compare total individual income of permanent adult residents, including retirees and the unemployed, of East and West Germa...

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140

20 years of German unification: evidence on income convergence and heterogeneity

Brück, Tilman; Peters, Heiko

We analyse the convergence and heterogeneity of living standards between East and West Germany since unification. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), we compare total individual income of permanent adult residents, including retirees and the unemployed, of East and West Germa...

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141

20 years of German unification: evidence on income convergence and heterogeneity

Brück, Tilman; Peters, Heiko

We analyse the convergence and heterogeneity of living standards between East and West Germany since unification. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), we compare total individual income of permanent adult residents, including retirees and the unemployed, of East and West Germa...

DRIVER (German)