Sample records for WIRKUNGSGRAD (efficiency)
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1

Public education spending in the German Länder: adjustment to demographic shocks, politics, and cost efficiency Ausgewählte Aspekte der öffentliche Bildungsausgaben in den deutschen Ländern: Anpassung an demographische Veränderungen, die politische Ökonomie des gegliederten Schulsystems und die Kostenstrukturen und -effizienz in der Hochschullandschaft

Kempkes, Gerhard

In this dissertation, I examine three major aspects of Germany's education system from an empirical public finance perspective. First, I analyse the effects of strong demographic shifts by considering how the East German Länder responded to the rather dramatic decline in the number of students in pr...

DRIVER (German)

2

Efficiency and Competition in Public Transport Effizienz und Wettbewerb im ÖPNV

Dipl. Wi.-Ing. Matthias Walter

Bus and other road-bound services like tram and light railway are the backbone of the German local public transport sector. Based on the characterization of high deficits and fragmentation, five main research questions and hypotheses are investigated in this dissertation. First, advanced Stochastic ...

DRIVER (German)

3

Notwendigkeit von Registern für die Sammlung von Daten zur Verbesserung der Transparenz hinsichtlich Qualität und Effizienz am Beispiel der Therapie von Patienten mit Hämophilie

Herzig, Dieter

Money gets still lost in the German health service by oversupply, undersupply and false care. The solution to improving the healthsupply lies in the use of the efficiency resources contained in the health system. A nessecary precondition is a purposeful allocation knowledge about the use and efficie...

DRIVER (German)

4

Effizienzmobilisierung der Arbeitsverwaltung: Leistungsvergleich und Lernen von guten Praktiken (Benchmarking)

Mosley, Hugh; Schütz, Holger; Schmid, Günther

Die Arbeitsämter im Bundesgebiet West unterscheiden sich beträchtlich hinsichtlich ihrer Effizienz. Dies zeigen Berechnungen mit dem Ansatz der technischen Effizienzanalyse . Effizienz wurde auf zwei Niveaus berechnet: Aktivität, z. B. Zahl der Vermittlungen und Zahl der Teilnehmer in Maßnahmen, be...

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5

Effizienzmobilisierung der Arbeitsverwaltung Leistungsvergleich und Lernen von guten Praktiken (Benchmarking)

Mosley, Hugh; Schütz, Holger; Schmid, Günther; Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung gGmbH

"Die Arbeitsämter im Bundesgebiet West unterscheiden sich beträchtlich hinsichtlich ihrer Effizienz. Dies zeigen Berechnungen mit dem Ansatz der 'technischen Effizienzanalyse'. Effizienz wurde auf zwei Niveaus berechnet: Aktivität, z.B. Zahl der Vermittlungen und Zahl der Teilnehmer in Maßnahmen, be...

DRIVER (German)

8

What drives the productive efficiency of a firm?: the importance of industry, location, R&D, and size

Badunenko, Oleg; Fritsch, Michael; Stephan, Andreas

This paper investigates the factors that explain the level and dynamics of manufacturing firm productive efficiency. In our empirical analysis, we use a unique sample of about 39,000 firms in 256 industries from the German Cost Structure Census over the years 1992-2005. We estimate the efficiencies ...

DRIVER (German)

9

What determines local governments' technical efficiency? The case of road maintenance

Kalb, Alexander

In this paper we investigate the determinants of local governments' technical efficiency in road maintenance for a panel of German counties using a broad variety of estimation approaches. More specifically, we calculate efficiency indices using non-parametric (DEA) and parametric (stochastic frontie...

DRIVER (German)

10

What determines local governments' technical efficiency? : The case of road maintenance

Kalb, Alexander

In this paper we investigate the determinants of local governments' technical efficiency in road maintenance for a panel of German counties using a broad variety of estimation approaches. More specifically, we calculate efficiency indices using non-parametric (DEA) and parametric (stochastic frontie...

DRIVER (German)

11

What Causes Cross-industry Differences of Technical Efficiency?: An Empirical Investigation

Fritsch, Michael; Stephan, Andreas

Using micro-level panel data of about 35,000 firms from the German Cost Structure Census, we analyze the differences of technical efficiency across industries. Technical efficiency is estimated by firms? fixed effects. One striking result is that the distribution of technical efficiency across indus...

DRIVER (German)

13

Voter involvement, fiscal autonomy and public sector efficiency : evidence from German municipalities

Geys, Benny; Heinemann, Friedrich; Kalb, Alexander

Social and/or political involvement within the population is often argued to enhance public sector performance. The underlying idea is that engagement fosters political awareness and interest and increases the public’s monitoring ability. Still, although extensive voter involvement may put pressure ...

DRIVER (German)

14

Voter Involvement, Fiscal Autonomy and Public Sector Efficiency: Evidence from German Municipalities

Geys, Benny; Heinemann, Friedrich; Kalb, Alexander

Social and/or political involvement within the population is often argued to enhance public sector performance. The underlying idea is that engagement fosters political awareness and interest and increases the public?s monitoring ability. Still, although extensive voter involvement may put pressure ...

DRIVER (German)

20

Unobserved heterogeneity and international benchmarking in public transport

Cullmann, Astrid; Farsi, Mehdi; Filippini, Massimo

We analyze the technical efficiency of German and Swiss urban public transport companies by means of SFA. In transport networks we might face different network structures or complexities, not observed, but influencing the production process. The unobserved factors are typically modeled as separable ...

DRIVER (German)

21

Unobserved heterogeneity and international benchmarking in public transport

Cullmann, Astrid; Farsi, Mehdi; Filippini, Massimo

We analyze the technical efficiency of German and Swiss urban public transport companies by means of SFA. In transport networks we might face different network structures or complexities, not observed, but influencing the production process. The unobserved factors are typically modeled as separable ...

DRIVER (German)

22

Understanding CO2 reduction and efficiency in road freight transport and logistics. German Case Studies 2002-2005

Léonardi, J.

Since 2002, numerous case studies have investigated the sustainability effects of efficiency measures in German road haulage companies. Particular focus was set on the impacts of the company measures "scheduling systems" and "introduction of on-board telematics" and on the sector analysis for the ef...

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23

Turning unemployment into self-employment: effectiveness and efficiency of two start-up programmes

Baumgartner, Hans J.; Caliendo, Marco

Turning unemployment into self-employment has become a major focus of German active labour market policy (ALMP) in recent years. If effective, this would not only reduce Germany’s persistently high unemployment rate, but also increase its notoriously low self-employment rate. Empirical evidenc...

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24

Turning Unemployment into Self-Employment: Effectiveness and Efficiency of Two Start-Up Programmes

Baumgartner, Hans J.; Caliendo, Marco

Turning unemployment into self-employment has become a major focus of German active labour market policy (ALMP) in recent years. If effective, this would not only reduce Germany?s persistently high unemployment rate, but also increase its notoriously low self-employment rate. Empirical evidence on t...

DRIVER (German)

30

The stability of efficiency rankings when risk-preferences and objectives are different

Koetter, Michael

We analyze the stability of efficiency rankings of German universal banks between 1993 and 2004. First, we estimate traditional efficiency scores with stochastic cost and alternative profit frontier analysis. Then, we explicitly allow for different risk preferences and measure efficiency with a stru...

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31

The ratchet effect in a two lag setting and the mitigating influence of yardstick competition.

Brockmann, Cord

In order to increase efficiency in the provision of power distribution networks, the German regulator Bundesnetzagentur plans to implement revenue cap regulation together with yardstick competition. Revenue cap regulation could bear the ratchet effect: cost minimization need not to be optimal for th...

DRIVER (German)

32

The quiet life hypothesis in banking: Evidence from German savings banks

Koetter, Michael; Vins, Oliver

The quiet life hypothesis (QLH) posits that banks enjoy the advantages of market power in terms of foregone revenues or cost savings. We suggest a united approach to measure competition and efficiency simultaneously to test this hypothesis. We estimate bank-specific Lerner indices as measures of com...

DRIVER (German)

33

The pulse of liability of foreignness: dynamic legitimacy and experiences effects in the German car market

Kaiser, Ulrich; Sofka, Wolfgang

Globalization has provided many companies with new opportunities for growth and efficiency. This requires them to operate successfully across cultural and social borders. These can be stumbling blocks to internationalization and have been found to cause frequent errors and delays for multinational c...

DRIVER (German)

34

The impact of regional and demographic factors on the efficiency of German savings banks

Conrad, Alexander; Neuberger, Doris; Trigo Gamarra, Lucinda

This paper examines the influence of environmental factors on technical, cost, scale and revenue efficiency of German savings banks in 2001-2005. Taking into account growing regional disparities in economic wealth and population size, it differentiates between declining and growing regions. Regional...

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35

The impact of intergovernmental grants on cost effciency : theory and evidence from German municipalities The impact of intergovernmental grants on cost effciency : theory and evidence from German municipalities

Kalb, Alexander

In this paper we use a simple bureaucracy model of fiscal illusion to analyze the impact of intergovernmental grants on the cost efficiency of local jurisdictions. We find that a higher degree of redistribution within a system of fiscal equalization or an increase in the amount of grants received by...

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36

The impact of deregulation on the German and UK life insurance markets: an analysis of efficiency and productivity between 1991-2002

Hussels, Stephanie; Ward, Damian R.

This paper provides an intra and inter-country assessment of deregulation and industryefficiency in the European insurance industry. The impact of deregulation is expectedto be magnified within an analysis of the Continental maximal regulated Germanindustry and the Anglo minimal regulated UK indu...

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37

The engine of the system - designing in compressors for maximum efficiency

Tait, J.; Institution of Mechanical Engineers; Fluid Machinery Committee; Power Industry Division; Energy Efficiency Best Practice Programme
1998-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

38

The efficiency of German public theaters: a stochastic frontier analysis approach

Last, Anne-Kathrin; Wetzel, Heike

In recent years the economic performance of public non-profit sectors such as cultural services has become an interesting economic issue. This is due to the high dependence of cultural institutions on public funding on the one hand and the increasing cost-pressure on public budgets on the other hand...

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39

The effects of collective bargaining on firm performance: new evidence based on stochastic production frontiers and multiply imputed German establishment data

Jensen, Uwe; Rässler, Susanne

This paper makes three contributions to the literature on the effects of collective bargaining on the performance of German establishments. We include the analysis of firms efficiency and we model productivity and efficiency simultaneously. Confronted with 25 % observations with missing values, we ...

DRIVER (German)

41

The cost efficiency of German banks: a comparison of SFA and DEA

Koetter, Michael; Karmann, Alexander; Fiorentino, Elisabetta

We investigate the consistency of efficiency scores derived with two competing frontier methods in the financial economics literature: Stochastic Frontier and Data Envelopment Analysis. We sample 34,192 observations for all German universal banks and analyze whether efficiency measures yield consist...

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42

The applications and benefits of E-Business for improving supplier management in construction with emphasis on the Irish and German construction industries

Rogers, David

Purpose:This dissertation investigates and analyses the use of the Internet and its support mechanisms, in improving efficiency along the Supply Chain with a view to achieving the optimum success in the European construction sector. It is believed that the European construction sector can make full...

DRIVER (German)

43

The Small Business Peer-to-Peer Energy Efficiency Program

Dandridge, C. B.; Mendez, L.; American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
2002-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

44
45

The Rationale for Wage Rigidity: Survey Evidence from German and US Firms

Pfeiffer, Friedhelm; Franz, Wolfgang

The study provides evidence for the rationale of wage rigidity in Germany compared to the United States. Based on a survey of 801 firms, we extend the study of Campbell and Kanlani (1997, this journal) by using more thorough econometric methods, for example, and find strong support for explanations ...

DRIVER (German)

46

The Pulse of Liability of Foreignness : Dynamic Legitimacy and Experience Effects in the German Car Market

Kaiser, Ulrich; Sofka, Wolfgang

Globalization has provided many companies with new opportunities for growth and efficiency. This requires them to operate successfully across cultural and social borders. These can be stumbling blocks to internationalization and have been found to cause frequent errors and delays for multinational c...

DRIVER (German)

47

The Impact of Intergovernmental Grants on Cost Efficiency: Theory and Evidence from German Municipalities

Kalb, Alexander

In this paper we use a simple bureaucracy model of fiscal illusion to analyze the impact of intergovernmental grants on the cost efficiency of local jurisdictions. We find that a higher degree of redistribution within a system of fiscal equalization or an increase in the amount of grants received by...

DRIVER (German)

48

The Efficiency of German Universities Some Evidence from Non-Parametric and Parametric Methods

Kempkes, Gerhard; Pohl, Carsten

Due to tight public budget constraints, the efficiency of publicly financed universities in Germany is receiving increasing attention in the academic as well as in the public discourse. Against this background we analyze the efficiency of 72 public German universities for the years 1998 to 2003, app...

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49

The Effects of RTO Policies on Energy Efficiency Programs

Mihlmester, P. E.; Kathan, D.; American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
2002-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

50

The Distribution and Heterogeneity of Technical Efficiency within Industries: An Empirical Assessment

Fritsch, Michael; Stephan, Andreas

This paper analyzes the distribution of technical efficiency within manufacturing industries. Using a representative sample of 35,000 firms in 255 industries of the German cost structure census, technical efficiencies are estimated by applying a deterministic frontier production function with firmsp...

DRIVER (German)

52

Tax policy and CO2 emissions: an econometric analysis of the German automobile market

Vance, Colin; Mehlin, Markus

In addition to efficiency standards and consumer information, car-related taxes constitute one of three pillars of the European Commission¿s strategy to reduce CO2 emissions from passenger cars. A longstanding question concerns the effectiveness of such taxes in determining the car-purchasing behavi...

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58

Statistical Analysis and Modelling of German and British Stock Return Processes from 1998 to 2007

Mihoci, Andrija

A comprehensive statistical analysis of return processes on the German and British stock market was carried out. Empirically, data for 40 selected companies and two market performance indices were collected for the period of ten years. The analysis shows that in the period under review the distribut...

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60

Single- versus multi-channel distribution strategies in the German life insurance market: A cost and profit efficiency analysis

Trigo Gamarra, Lucinda

Until its liberalisation in 1994 exclusive agents dominated the distribution of products in the German life insurance industry. Since then, their importance has been declining for the benefit of both distribution via direct distribution channel and independent agents. However, the market shares of s...

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67

Research efficiency in manufacturing: an application of DEA at the industry level

Schmidt-Ehmcke, Jens; Zloczysti, Petra

This paper analyzes research efficiency at the industry level in manufacturing for 13 European member and four nonmember countries during 2000 and 2004. A unique dataset was compiled that matches patent applications at the European Patent Office (EPO) to industry-specific R&D inputs from EU KLEMS. W...

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70

Price elasticities and social health insurance choice in Germany: a dynamic panel data approach

Greß, Stefan; Tamm, Marcus; Tauchmann, Harald; Wasem, Jürgen

In 1996 free choice of health insurers has been introduced in the German social health insurance scheme. Competition between insurers was supposed to increase efficiency. A crucial precondition for effective competition among health insurers is that consumers search for lower-priced health insurers....

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71

Price convergence in the enlarged internal market

Dreger, Christian; Kholodilin, Konstantin; Lommatzsch, Kirsten; Slacalek, Jiri; Wozniak, Przemyslaw

In this paper we investigate the effects of EU enlargement on price convergence. The internal market is expected to boost integration and increase efficiency and welfare through a convergence of prices in product markets. Two principal drivers are crucial to explain price developments. On the one ha...

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72

Potential gains from mergers in local public transport: an efficiency analysis applied to Germany

Walter, Matthias; Cullmann, Astrid

We analyze potential gains from hypothetical mergers in local public transport using the non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis with bias corrections by means of bootstrapping. Our sample consists of 41 public transport companies from Germany's most densely populated region, North Rhine-Westphalia...

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73

Polymer encapsulation of titanium dioxide : efficiency, stability and compatibility

Janssen, RQF (Roy)

Doctoral degree 06-01-1995; Department of Chemical Engineering; Supervisors: A.L. German and E.L.J. Bancken; co-promotor A.M. van Herk

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74
75

Overcoming data limitations in nonparametric benchmarking: applying PCA-DEA to natural gas transmission

Nieswand, Maria; Cullmann, Astrid; Neumann, Anne

This paper provides an empirical demonstration for a practical approach of efficiency evaluation against the background of limited data availability in some regulated industries. Here, traditional DEA may result in a lack of discriminatory power when high numbers of variables but only limited observ...

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76

Next stop: restructuring?: a nonparametric efficiency analysis of German public transport companies

Hirschhausen, Christian von; Cullmann, Astrid

In this paper, we present a nonparametric comparative efficiency analysis of 179 communal public transport bus companies in Germany (1990-2004). We apply both deterministic data envelopment analysis (DEA) and bootstrapping to test the robustness of our estimates and to test the hypothesis of global ...

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78

Nested stochastic possibility frontiers with heterogeneous capital inputs

Erber, Georg; Madlener, Reinhard

This paper studies the productivity impact of heterogeneous capital inputs of selected EU-15 member countries and of the U.S. at the macroeconomic level. The stochastic possibility frontiers approach of Battese and Coelli (1992) applied here is used to identify neutralities or non-neutralities betwe...

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82

Migration, the quality of the labour force and economic inequality

Kahanec, Martin; Zimmermann, Klaus F.

Mobility of workers involves flows of labour, human capital and other production factors and thus contributes to a more efficient allocation of resources. Besides these effects on allocative efficiency, migrant flows affect relative wages and also change the international and national distribution o...

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87

Market structure, scale efficiency, and risk as determinants of German banking profitability

Yu, Peiyi; Neus, Werner

The Scale-Efficiency version of the Efficient-Structure Hypothesis and the Structure-Conduct-Performance Hypothesis find empirical support in German banking data from 1998 to 2002. Due to the acceptance of the two hypotheses and the existence of overall economies of scale, we conclude that German ba...

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89

Market Structure, Scale Efficiency, and Risk as Determinants of German Banking Profitability

Yu, Peiyi; Neus, Werner

The Scale-Efficiency version of the Efficient-Structure Hypothesis and the Structure-Conduct-Performance Hypothesis find empirical support in German banking data from 1998 to 2002. Due to the acceptance of the two hypotheses and the existence of overall economies of scale, we conclude that German ba...

DRIVER (German)

91

Local Governments in the Wake of Demographic Change: Efficiency and Economies of Scale in German Municipalities

Geys, Benny; Heinemann, Friedrich; Kalb, Alexander

German municipalities are expected to suffer from (often significant) population losses in the upcoming decades. We assess these local governments’ vulnerability to the fiscal consequences of this demographic decline through two means (using a sample of 1021 municipalities in the state of Baden-Würt...

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92

Local Governments in the Wake of Demographic Change: Efficiency and Economies of Scale in German Municipalities

Geys, Benny; Heinemann, Friedrich; Kalb, Alexander

German municipalities are expected to suffer from (often significant) population losses in the upcoming decades. We assess these local governments? vulnerability to the fiscal consequences of this demographic decline through two means (using a sample of 1021 municipalities in the state of Baden-Würt...

DRIVER (German)

95

Learning and signalling in the French and German venture capital industries

Stolpe, Michael

This paper analyses the efficiency of venture capital and its impact on primary equity markets in France and Germany. It shows that venture capital operates according to the signalling model in France and according to the learning model in Germany. Only the learning model can serve as a rationale fo...

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96

Key parameters and efficiency of Mexican manufacturing: are there still differences between the north and the south? ; an application of nested and stochastic frontier panel data models

Braun, Frauke G.; Cullmann, Astrid

This study explores the prevalence and nature of the regional divide for the Mexican manufacturing production across sub-national regions. We utilize a unique panel of municipality-level data from the manufacturing sector. An important contribution is the use of different panel methods to account fo...

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97

Is Rural Income Diversity Pro-Growth? Is It Pro-Poor? Evidence from Georgia

Fraser, Iain; Davis, Junior; Balcombe, Kelvin; Bezemer, Dirk

This paper contributes to the literature on the role of on rural livelihood strategies in rural growth and poverty reduction. It distinguishes between livelihood diversity strategies that contribute to sustainable growth in household incomes, and those that mainly have a 'coping' function. It sugges...

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98

Intraday Stock Price Effects of Ad Hoc Disclosures : The German Case

Muntermann, Jan; Güttler, André

This paper examines intraday stock price effects and trading activity caused by ad hoc disclosures in Germany. The evidence suggests that the observed stock prices react within 90 minutes after the ad hoc disclosures. Trading volumes take even longer to adjust. We find no evidence for abnormal price...

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99

International benchmarking in electricity distribution: a comparison of French and German utilities

Cullmann, Astrid; Crespo, Hélène; Plagnet, Marie-Anne

In this paper we present an international cross-country benchmarking analysis for utility regulation of France and Germany, the two largest electricity distribution countries in Europe. We examine the relative performance of 99 French and 77 German distribution companies operating within two differe...

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101

Innovation, R&D efficiency and the impact of the regulatory environment: a two stage semi-parametric DEA approach

Cullmann, Astrid; Schmidt-Ehmcke, Jens; Zloczysti, Petra

This paper assesses the relative efficiency of knowledge production in the OECD using a nonparametric DEA approach. Resources allocated to R&D are limited and should therefore be used efficiently given the institutional and legal constraints. This paper presents efficiency scores based on an interte...

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103

Inefficient or just different? Effects of heterogeneity on bank efficiency scores

Bos, Jaap W. B.; Heid, Frank; Koetter, Michael; Kolari, James W.; Kool, Clemens J. M.

In this paper, we show the importance of accounting for heterogeneity among sample firms in stochastic frontier analysis. For a fairly homogenous sample of German savings and cooperative banks, we analyze how alternative theoretical assumptions regarding the nature of heterogeneity can be modeled an...

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104

Inefficiency in the German mechanical engineering sector

Schiersch, Alexander

This paper aims to examine the relative efficiency of German engineering firms using a sample of roughly 23,000 observations between 1995 and 2004. As these firms had been successful in the examination period in terms of output- and export-growth, it is expected that a majority of firms is operating...

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111

Incentive Effects of Transfers within the Extended Family: The Case of Indonesia

Schüler, Dana

This study sheds light on the efficiency of informal mutual insurance systems. Evidence on the behavioral effects of remittances and inter-family transfers is still rare. This paper intends to analyse the incentive effects of inter-family transfers in Indonesia with improved econometric techniques. ...

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112

Improving efficiency and reliability in water distribution systems

International Course on Improving Efficiency and Reliability in Water Supply Systems < 1994, Valencia>
1995-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

114

Identifying the rebound: evidence from a German household panel

Frondel, Manuel; Peters, Jörg; Vance, Colin

Using a panel of household travel diary data collected in Germany between 1997 and 2005, this study assesses the effectiveness of fuel efficiency improvements by econometrically estimating the rebound effect, which measures the extent to which higher efficiency causes additional travel.Following a t...

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115

Identifying the rebound : theoretical issues and empirical evidence from a German household panel

Frondel, Manuel; Peters, Jörg; Vance, Colin

Using a panel of household travel diary data collected in Germany between 1997 and 2005, this study assesses the effectiveness of fuel efficiency improvements by econometrically estimating the rebound effect, describing the extent to which higher efficiency causes additional travel.Following a theor...

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116

Hybrid Frontier Yardstick Regulation for the German Energy Networks

Agrell, Per; Tenth European Workshop on Productivity and Efficiency Analysis (EWEPA X)

DRIVER (German)

117

Greenhouse gas mitigation in a carbon constrained world: the role of carbon capture and storage

Praetorius, Barbara; Schumacher, Katja

In a carbon constrained world, at least four classes of greenhouse gas mitigation options are available: Energy efficiency, fuel switching, introduction of carbon dioxide capture and storage along with renewable generating technologies, and reductions in emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases. The ro...

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118

Green, brown, and now white certificates - are three one too many?: a micromodel of market interaction

Meran, Georg; Wittmann, Nadine

Our paper deals with modeling the effects of introducing a market-based tool for improving end-users' efficiency in an energy market which is already regulated through a cap-and-trade system for green house gas emissions and a quota system meant to improve competitiveness of energy produced using re...

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120

Governance structures, efficiency and firm profitability

Lehmann, Erik E.; Warning, Susanne; Weigand, Jürgen

Using a panel data set of 361 German corporations for the period 1991 to 1996 we test the hypothesis that firms with more efficient governance structures have higher profitability. To determine efficiency we compare firms with respect to ownership concentration, the identity of owners, capital struc...

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126

Fundamental determinants of school efficiency and equity: german states as a microcosm for OECD countries

Woessmann, Ludger

Cross-country evidence on student achievement might be hampered by omitted country characteristics such as language or legal differences. This paper uses cross-state variation in Germany, whose sixteen states share the same language and legal system, but pursue different education policies. The same...

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127

Fundamental determinants of school efficiency and equity: German states as a microcosm for OECD countries

Wößmann, Ludger

Cross-country evidence on student achievement might be hampered by omitted country characteristics such as language or legal differences. This paper uses cross-state variation in Germany, whose sixteen states share the same language and legal system, but pursue different education policies. The same...

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128

From transition to competition: dynamic efficiency analysis of Polish electricity distribution companies

Cullmann, Astrid; Hirschhausen, Christian von

In this paper we test the hypothesis that the economic transition toward a market economy increases the efficiency of firms. We study 32 Polish electricity distribution companies between 1997-2002, by applying common benchmarking methods to the panel: the nonparametric data envelopment analysis (DEA...

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129

Foreign Banks in Sub-Saharan Africa - Do North-South and South-South Banks Induce Different Effects on Domestic Banks?

Pohl, Birte

In theory, the presence of foreign banks has spillover and competition effects on domestic banks leading to higher efficiency. Next to foreign banks from industrialized countries (north-south banks), foreign banks from developing countries (south-south banks) are important investors in Sub-Saharan A...

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130

Flexible Workplace Practices and Labor Productivity

Bauer, Thomas K.

Using a German employer-employee matched panel data set this paper examines the effects of High Performance Workplace Systems (HPWSs) on labor productivity (defined as sales per worker) and labor efficiency (defined as the inverse of unit labor costs). The estimation results indicate that simple cro...

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131

Evaluating the German bank merger wave

Koetter, Michael

German banks experienced a merger wave throughout the 1990s. However, the success of bank mergers remains a continuous matter of debate. In this paper we suggest a taxonomy as how to evaluate post-merger performance on the basis of cost efficiency (CE). We categorise mergers a success that fulfill s...

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132

Evaluating Greek equity funds using Data Envelopment Analysis

Babalos, Vassilios; Caporale, Guglielmo Maria; Philippas, Nikolaos

This study assesses the relative performance of Greek equity funds employing a non-parametric method, specifically Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Using an original sample of cost and operational attributes we explore the effect of each variable on funds' operational efficiency for an oligopolistic...

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133

Environmental tax differentiation between industries and households - implications for efficiency and employment: a multi-sector intertemporal CGE analysis for Germany

Böhringer, Christoph

This paper investigates the economic impacts of environmental tax reforms designed to reach given emission reduction targets for the German economy. Our focus is on the efficiency and employment implications of alternative schemes for emission tax differentiation between the production sector and th...

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134

Environmental Tax Differentiation Between Industries and Households

Böhringer, Christoph

This paper investigates the economic impacts of environmental tax reforms designed to reach given emission reduction targets for the German economy. Our focus is on the efficiency and employment implications of alternative schemes for emission tax differentiation between the production sector and th...

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135

Enhanced Cytotoxicity without Internuclear Spread of Adenovirus upon Cell Fusion by Measles Virus Glycoproteins

Fritz, Barbara; Horn, German P.; Kornmann, Evelyn; Vongpunsawad, Sompong; Dittmer, Dirk P.; Cattaneo, Roberto; Dobbelstein, Matthias

The efficiency of viruses in cancer therapy is enhanced by proteins that mediate the fusion of infected cells with their neighbors. It was reported that replication-competent adenovirus particles can spread between nuclei within fusion-generated syncytia. To assess this conjecture, we generated fuso...

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146

Empirical observations on new public management to increase efficiency in public research - boon of bane?

Schubert, T.

This paper deals with the influence that New Public Management (NPM) mechanisms have on research performance. Using a large dataset of German university research units, it can be shown that both greater internal hierarchy (especially. "strong chancellors") as well as greater operative flexibility fo...

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149

Efficiency of German Manufacturing Firms During the 1990's

Badunenko, Oleg

The first chapter investigates the factors that explain the level of technical efficiency of a firm. In an empirical analysis, a unique sample of about 35,000 firms in 256 industries from the German Cost Structure Census over the years 1992-2004 is used. The technical efficiency of the firms is esti...

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152

Efficiency Analysis of German Electricity Distribution Utilities : Non-Parametric and Parametric Tests

von Hirschhausen, Christian; Cullmann, Astrid

This paper applies parametric and non-parametric and parametric tests to assess the efficiency of electricity distribution companies in Germany. We address traditional issues in electricity sector benchmarking, such as the role of scale effects and optimal utility size, as well as new evidence speci...

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154

Education, Research, and Economic Growth

Caspari, Volker; Rubart, Jens; Rehme, Günther

It is obvious that the German economy exhibits a significant decline in economic growth during the last two decades. Although the German economy has still to overcome the burden of the reunification in 1990 it is shown that this burden might be only one reason of this decline. In this study we follo...

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156

Dualism and the big push

Valensisi, Giovanni

We develop a two-sector model with specific factors, in which agriculture is subject to diminishing returns and market-clearing wages, while increasing returns and efficiency wages prevail in industry. The asymmetric interaction of the two sectors, jointly with the dualistic structure of the labor m...

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157

Downward wage rigidity and job mobility

Cornelissen, T; Hubler, O

Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) we study whether being individually affected by downward wage rigidity has an effect on layoffs, quits and intra-firm mobility. Within a structural empirical model we estimate the individual extent of wage rigidity. This is expressed by the wag...

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158

Downward nominal wage rigidity in services: direct evidence from a firm survey

Radowski, Daniel; Bonin, Holger

The paper uses a new German employer survey on wage setting practices to analyze incidence and sources of nominal wage rigidity in services vs. manufacturing. We observe that wage freezes are significantly more frequent and wage cuts less frequent in services. Reasons preventing wage cuts reported b...

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159

Downsizing in German chemical manufacturing industry during the 1990s: why small is beautiful?

Badunenko, Oleg

German chemical manufacturing industry is marked by two major structural changes during 1992-2004. Firstly, number of firms was ranging extensively: from 676 to 901, while only 96 firms represented balanced panel. Secondly, size of the firm dropped considerably-by 88%. This paper is intended to shed...

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160

Does size matter? Economies of scale in the German mutual fund industry

Mauerer, Raimond; Schaefer, Alexander

In this paper, we analyze economies of scale for German mutual fund complexes. Using 2002-2005 data of 41 investment management companies, we specify a hedonic translog cost function. Applying a fixed effects regression on a one-way error component model there is clear evidence of significant overal...

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161

Does higher cost inefficiency imply higher profit inefficiency? Evidence on inefficiency and ownership of German hospitals

Herr, Annika; Schmitz, Hendrik; Augurzky, Boris

This paper investigates cost and profit efficiency of German hospitals. More specifically, it deals with the question how hospital efficiency varies with ownership, patient structure,and other exogenous factors, which are neither inputs nor outputs of the production process. We conduct a Stochastic ...

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162

Does Work Time Flexibility Work? An Empirical Assessment of the Efficiency Effects for German Firms

Wolf, Elke; Beblo, Miriam

In this paper we assess the impact of flexible work time schedules on firm efficiency using representative establishment data for Germany. Following the approach by Battese and Coelli (1995), we estimate a stochastic production frontier and the determinants of technical efficiency simultaneously. Th...

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163

Does Work Time Flexibility Work? : An Empirical Assessment of the Efficiency Effects for German Firms

Wolf, Elke; Beblo, Miriam

In this paper we assess the impact of flexible work time schedules on firm efficiency using representative establishment data for Germany. Following the approach by Battese and Coelli (1995), we estimate a stochastic production frontier and the determinants of technical efficiency simultaneously. Th...

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164

Does IT standardization help to boost cost and profit efficiency? Empirical evidence from German savings banks

Noth, Felix; Slotty, Constantin; Hackethal, Andreas

This paper investigates the impact of IT standardization on bank performance based on a panel of 457 German savings banks over the period from 1996 to 2006. We measure IT standardization as the fraction of IT expenses for centralized services over banks' total IT expenses. Bank efficiency, in turn, ...

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165

Directors' Dealings, Market Efficiency, and Strategic Insider Trading in the German Stock Market Directors' Dealings, Markteffizienz und strategischer Handel von Unternehmensinsidern im deutschen Aktienmarkt

Dickgießer, Carl Philipp Sebastian

This dissertation studies two distinct aspects of directors’ dealings in the German stock market. First, it is empirically examined if insiders trade strategically around news announcements. The results show that while insiders do trade prior to ad-hoc announcements, trading activity increases in pa...

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168

Decomposing regional efficiency

Schaffer, Axel; Simar, Léopold; Rauland, Jan

Applying an outlier robust extension of the data envelopment analysis (DEA) followed by a geoadditive regression analysis, this study identifies and decomposes the efficiency of 439 German regions in using infrastructure and human capital. The findings show that the regions' efficiency is driven by ...

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171

Cost and technical efficiency of German hospitals: a stochastic frontier analysis

Frohloff, Annika

Using a newly available and multifaceted dataset provided by the German Federal Statistical Office, this paper is the first to investigate both technical and cost efficiency of more than 1500 German general hospitals conducting a stochastic frontier analysis. The empirical results for the years from...

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172

Cost Efficiency of Domestic and Foreign Banks in Thailand: Evidence from Panel Data

Chantapong, Saovanee; Menkhoff, Lukas

The paper estimates and compares cost efficiency of domestic and foreign banks in Thailand by using bank-panel data between 1995 and 2003. It also examines the effect of foreign bank entry on banking efficiency in Thailand since the significant acquisitions by foreign banks after the 1997 financial ...

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173

Control of refrigerant vapour release form polyol ester/halocarbon working fluids

Smith, A. M.; Swallow, A. P.; Institution of Mechanical Engineers; Fluid Machinery Committee; Power Industry Division et al.
1998-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

178

Co-Determination, Efficiency, and Productivity

FitzRoy, Felix R.; Kraft, Kornelius

We present the first panel estimates of the productivity effects of the unique German institution of parity, board-level co-determination. Although our data span two severe recessions when labour hoarding costs of co-determination are probably highest, and the panel is too short to capture the likel...

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179

Cartels, managerial incentives, and productive efficiency in German coal mining, 1881-1913

Burhop, Carsten; Lübbers, Thorsten

In this paper, we evaluate the impact of cartelisation and managerial incentives on the productive efficiency of German coal mining corporations. We focus on coal mining in the Ruhr district, Germany’s main mining area. We use stochastic frontier analysis and an unbalanced dynamic panel data s...

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182

California Institute for Energy Efficiency

United States; Department of Energy; California Institute for Energy Efficiency
1994-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

186

Benchmarking parameters and cost controllability

Agrell, Per; International Scienfic Conference “Incentive Regulation in the German Electricity and Gas Sectors – efficiency and reliability to set the yardstick

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188

Aufsicht und Fursorge - Die Unzulanglichkeiten der preussischen Polizeiaufsicht 1870-1914

Müller, P

This article examines the efficiency and the limits of “police supervision” in Prussia during the Imperial period. Police supervision was a supplement of ordinary prison sentences. This additional punishment was supposed to buttress social reintegration of former prisoners and to protect society fro...

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189

Applications of scroll compressors for supermarket refrigeration

Hundy, G. F.; Institution of Mechanical Engineers; Fluid Machinery Committee; Power Industry Division; Energy Efficiency Best Practice Programme
1998-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

194

A modular design approach to calorimeters for developing and testing of HCFC, HFC, and hydrocarbon compressors

Peeling, K. A.; Cranvey, D. M.; Institution of Mechanical Engineers; Fluid Machinery Committee; Power Industry Division et al.
1998-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

197

Malley, J

DRIVER (German)

198

Caro, J. Jaime; Nord, Eric; Siebert, Uwe; McGuire, Alistair; McGregor, Maurice; Henry, David; de Pouvourville, Gérard

IQWiG commissioned an international panel of experts to develop methods for the assessment of the relation of benefits to costs in the German statutory health-care system.

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