Sample records for WIRTSCHAFTSPOLITIK (economic policy)
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1

Wirtschaftspolitik aktuell

Vereinte Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft / Bereich Wirtschaftspolitik

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

4

Wirtschaftspolitik unter Reformdruck

Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung
1999-01-01

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

61
68

Zweitbeste (Second-best) Instrumente der deutschen Politik zur Reduktion von CO 2 : Förderung von Energieeffizienz und erneuerbaren Energien Second-best instruments in the German CO2-abatement policy

Azuma-Dicke, Norbert H.

Ziel der Arbeit ist eine Bewertung der deutschen Politik der Vermeidung von CO2-Emissionen. Zur Bewertung werden sowohl die Kriterien herangezogen, die in der Konvention zum Klimawandel der Vereinten Nationen (UN) aufgestellt wurden als auch die Kriterien der Umwelttheorie für einen kostenminimale E...

DRIVER (German)

69

Would a legal minimum wage reduce poverty?: a microsimulation study for Germany

Müller, Kai-Uwe; Steiner, Viktor

In view of rising wage inequality and increasing poverty, the introduction of a legal minimum wage has recently become an important policy issue in Germany. We analyze the distributional effects of the introduction of a nationwide legal minimum wage of 7.5 per hour on the basis of a microsimulatio...

DRIVER (German)

70

Would a flat tax stimulate entrepreneurship in Germany?: a behavioural microsimulation analysis allowing for risk

Fossen, Frank M.

When possible income tax reforms are debated, the suspected impact on entrepreneurship is often used as an argument in favour or against a certain policy. Quantitative ex-ante evaluations of the effect of certain tax reform options on entrepreneurship based on microeconometric research have not been...

DRIVER (German)

71

Working Hour Arrangements and Working Hours - A Microeconometric Analysis Based on German Time Use Diary Data

Merz, Joachim; Burgert, Derik

The labour market providing individual resources and economic well-being is an actual topic in the economic and social policy discussion. In the course of time the traditional full-time work is diminishing, new labour arrangements are discussed (keyword: flexible labour markets). This study will con...

DRIVER (German)

75

Value-at-risk forecasts under scrutiny - the German experience

Jaschke, Stefan; Stahl, Gerhard; Stehle, Richard

We present an analysis of the VaR forecasts and the P&L-series of all 12 German banks that used internal models for regulatory purposes throughout the period from the beginning of 2001 to the end of 2004. One task of a supervisor is to estimate the 'recalibration factor', i.e., by how much a bank ov...

DRIVER (German)

77

Transfers, agglomeration and German unification

Ross, Matthias

This paper analyses in the framework of a 2-region economic geography model the impact of transfers on agglomeration of economic activity. Two main results can be derived: First, subsidies to the activity of firms are more efficient to avoid agglomeration than subsidies to consumers (social policy)....

DRIVER (German)

78

Too bad to benefit?: effect heterogeneity of public training programs

Rinne, Ulf; Schneider, Marc; Uhlendorff, Arne

This study analyzes the treatment effects of public training programs for the unemployed in Germany. Based on propensity score matching methods we extend the picture that has been sketched in previous studies by estimating treatment effects of medium-term programs for different sub-groups with respe...

DRIVER (German)

79
80

The world gas market in 2030: development scenarios using the world gas model

Huppmann, Daniel; Egging, Ruud; Holz, Franziska; Ruester, Sophia; Hirschhausen, Christian von

In this paper, we discuss potential developments of the world natural gas industry at the horizon of 2030. We use the World Gas Model (WGM), a dynamic, strategic representation of world natural gas production, trade, and consumption between 2005 and 2030. We specify a base case which defines the bus...

DRIVER (German)

81

The importance of global shocks for national policymakers: rising challenges for central banks

Belke, Ansgar; Rees, Andreas

We analyze the importance of global shocks for the global economy and national policy makers. More specifically, we investigate whether monetary policy has become less effective in the wake of financial globalization. We also examine whether there is increasing uncertainty for central banks due to g...

DRIVER (German)

83

The effectiveness of employment vouchers : a simple approach

Orszag, Jonathan Michael; Snower, Dennis J.

This paper explores the optimal design of subsidies for hiring unemployed workers (?employment vouchers? for short) in the context of a dynamic model of the labor market. Focusing on the short-term and long-term effects of the vouchers on employment and unemployment, the analysis shows how the optim...

DRIVER (German)

84

The economic policies of German 'third wayism' in the light of agenda theory

Heise, Arne

German Social Democracy is faced with tremendous challenges of societal and economic changes: party dealignment, a bourgeoisifying of society, the rise of media democracy and economic and cultural globalisation. The party's reaction - a third order change in its ideological objectives and a respecti...

DRIVER (German)

85

The caring hand that cripples: The East Germany labour market after reunification

Snower, Dennis J.; Merkl, Christian

The East German labour market has hardly made any progress since German reunification, despite massive migration flows and support from the West. We argue that East Germany is in trouble precisely because of the support it has received. This paper explores the phenomenon of 'the caring hand that cri...

DRIVER (German)

86

The Macroeconomic Consequences of EMU: International Evidence from a DSGE Model

Röhe, Oke; Jerger, Jürgen

In this paper, we estimate a New Keynesian DSGE model developed by Ireland (2003) on French, German and Spanish data with the aim to explore the macroeconomic consequences of EMU. In order to validate the results from the DSGE model, we amend this analysis by stability tests of monetary policy react...

DRIVER (German)

87

The Income Portfolio of Immigrants in Germany - Effects of Ethnic Origin and Assimilation Or: Who Gains from Income Re-Distribution?

Frick, Joachim R.; Büchel, Felix

This paper deals with the economic performance of various population groups in Germany giving special attention to ethnic origin of immigrants as compared to the native born German population. In addition, winners and losers of the re-distribution process, induced by the tax and social security syst...

DRIVER (German)

88

The German innovation system : conceptions, institutions and economic efficency

Klodt, Henning

The economic analysis of technology policy suggests non-distortive public support of private innovative activities with a stress upon basic rather than applied research. Actual technology policy in Germany is marked by a high degree of sectoral selectivity which results from the dominance of direct ...

DRIVER (German)

89

The German banking system and the global financial crisis: Causes, developments and policy responses

Bleuel, Hans-H.

Germany's banking sector has been severely hit by the global financial crisis. In a German context as of February, 2009, this paper reviews briefly the structure of the banking industry, quantifies effects of the crisis on banks and surveys responses of economic policy. It is argued that policy desi...

DRIVER (German)

90

Technology transfer offices and university patenting: a review

Ledebur, Sidonia von

This policy paper on science-industry technology transfer has four emphases: the rationale of recent changes in German science policy, the contribution of diverse transfer channels to economic development as well as the role of IPR in that context, the differences in the institutional framework betw...

DRIVER (German)

91

Technology policy and the regions : the case of the BioRegio contest

Dohse, Dirk

Only recently, it has been argued that technology policy should give more attention to the regions as they could play a key role in the process of technological change. The German Federal Government has tried to do so by initiating a contest in which Germany's leading Biotech regions competed for a ...

DRIVER (German)

92

Technology and economic performance in the German economy

Siebert, Horst; Stolpe, Michael

Germany remains Europe's largest and most diversified source of new technology, but still lags in the fastest growing areas of today's high technology. After World War II, West-German technology policy sought to rebuild the institutions which had supported Germany's leadership in the high-tech indus...

DRIVER (German)

93

Tax policy and CO2 emissions: an econometric analysis of the German automobile market

Vance, Colin; Mehlin, Markus

In addition to efficiency standards and consumer information, car-related taxes constitute one of three pillars of the European Commission¿s strategy to reduce CO2 emissions from passenger cars. A longstanding question concerns the effectiveness of such taxes in determining the car-purchasing behavi...

DRIVER (German)

94

Subsidization and Structural Change in Eastern German Transition: Did Economic Policy Meet Its Objectives?

Gerling, Katja

Economic policy interventions of a scale as effected in eastern Germany can be expected to have a significant impact on the economy, which may be in accordance with the objectives of the policy measures or manifest itself in distortions of several kinds. This paper analyzes the structural effects of...

DRIVER (German)

95

Social Safety Nets, Economic Freedom and Public Policy

Kaur, Simrit

What is the relationship between social welfare, safety nets and economic freedom? Arguably, if economic freedom (EF) promotes growth and if it trickles down EF promotes larger freedoms (e.g. a healthy and productive life, free from want and deprivation). However, higher EF by definition entails low...

DRIVER (German)

99

Regional Income Stratification in Unified Germany using a Gini Decomposition Approach

Goebel, Jan; Frick, Joachim R.

This paper delivers new insights into the development of income inequality and regional stratification in Germany after unification using a new method for detecting social stratification by a decomposition of the GINI index which yields the obligatory between- and within-group components as well as ...

DRIVER (German)

100

Publications: German economic research institutes on track

Ketzler, Rolf; Zimmermann, Klaus F.

The request for a strengthening of academic research at the German economic research institutes by the German Science Council more than a decade ago was founded on the crucial insight that sound policy advice the traditional task of the institutes can only be guaranteed in the long term if it is bas...

DRIVER (German)

101

Product policy and the East-West productivity gap: evidence from German manufacturing firms

Görzig, Bernd; Gornig, Martin; Voshage, Ramona; Werwatz, Axel

After 20 years of transition from an economy integrated in an exchange scheme of planned economies towards an open market economy based on the ideas of competition, we ask whether East German firms succeeded in finding their place in the international division of labour. We concentrate on the questi...

DRIVER (German)

102

Product policy and the East-West productivity gap

Görzig, Bernd; Gornig, Martin; Voshage, Ramona; Werwatz, Axel

After 20 years of transition from an economy integrated in an exchange scheme of planned economies towards an open market economy based on the ideas of competition, we ask whether East German firms succeeded in finding their place in the international division of labour. We concentrate on the questi...

DRIVER (German)

104

Policy uncertainty and precautionary savings

Giavazzi, Francesco; McMahon, Michael

In 1997 Chancellor Kohl proposed a major pension reform: he pushed the law through Parliament explaining that the German PAYG system had become unsustainable. One limitation of the new law - one that is crucial for our identification strategy - is that it left the generous pension entitlements of ci...

DRIVER (German)

107

Optimizing German regional policy-2004 : A study based on empirical data from 1994 to 2001

Tangian, Andranik S.

Reducing disparities among regions within European countries together with economic development is the aim of European and national structural policies. In particular, a European grant contributes to the German governmental program for reducing and equalizing regional unemployment. The goal is to br...

DRIVER (German)

109

Money velocity and asset prices in the euro area

Dreger, Christian; Wolters, Jürgen

Monetary growth in the euro area has exceeded its target since several years. At the same time, the money demand function seems to be increasingly unstable if more recent data are used. If the link between money balances and the macroeconomy is fragile, the rationale of monetary aggregates in the EC...

DRIVER (German)

110

Migration in an enlarged EU: a challenging solution?

Kahanec, Martin; Zimmermann, Klaus F.

The 2004 and 2007 enlargements of the European Union were unprecedented in a number of economic and policy aspects. This essay provides a broad and in-depth account of the effects of the post-enlargement migration flows on the receiving as well as sending countries in three broader areas: labour mar...

DRIVER (German)

113

Marginal employment: stepping stone or dead end?: evaluating the German experience

Freier, Ronny; Steiner, Viktor

Marginal Employment, i.e. employment at low working hours and earnings not covered by social security, has been gaining importance in the German economy over the past decade. Using a large newly available panel data set and statistical matching techniques, we analyse the effects of marginal employme...

DRIVER (German)

115

M3 money demand and excess liquidity in the euro area

Dreger, Christian; Wolters, Jürgen

Money growth in the euro area has exceeded its target since 2001. Likewise, recent empirical studies did not find evidence in favour of a stable long run money demand function. The equation appears to be increasingly unstable if more recent data are used. If the link between money balances and the m...

DRIVER (German)

116

Luck, Policy or Something Else Entirely? Vietnam’s Economic Performance in 2009 and Prospects for 2010

Adam J. Fforde

Vietnam’s economic performance in 2009 is seen by the Vietnamese government and representatives of the Western donor communities as good, with the effects of the global financial crisis relatively mild. The paper notes a lack of contestation of these mainstream views and locates them within an asses...

DRIVER (German)

117

Looking east, looking west: key challenges facing the Atlantic partners high-level conference, November 15 and 16, 2007, Berlin

Hurrell, Anita; Forschungsinstitut der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik e.V.

"On November 15 and 16, 2007, the German Council on Foreign Relations (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik – DGAP) hosted a high-level conference in cooperation with the American Council on Germany (ACG) and the Council for the United States and Italy (CUSI). The DGAP’s Alfred von Oppenheim...

DRIVER (German)

118

Long-Run Monetary and Fiscal Policy Trade-Off in an Endogenous Growth Model with Transaction Costs

Villieu, P.; Minea, A.

In this paper, we study maximizing long-run economic growth trade-off in monetary and fiscal policies in an endogenous growth model with transaction costs. We show that both monetary and fiscal policies are subject to threshold effects, a result that gives account of a number of recent empirical fin...

DRIVER (German)

119

Local Financial Development and the Aid-Growth Relationship

Sayek, Selin; Nkusu, Mwanza

With official development assistance (ODA) set to rise as countries strive to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), aid effectiveness remains an important area of development policy. An increasing number of studies support the notion that ODA can contribute to growth in a nonlinear relations...

DRIVER (German)

120

Liquidity and the dynamic pattern of asset price adjustment: a global view

Belke, Ansgar; Orth, Walter; Setzer, Ralph

Global liquidity expansion has been very dynamic since 2001. Contrary to conventional wisdom, high money growth rates have not coincided with a concurrent rise in goods prices. At the same time, however, asset prices have increased sharply, significantly outpacing the subdued development in consumer...

DRIVER (German)

121

Liquidity and asset prices: how strong are the linkages?

Dreger, Christian; Wolters, Jürgen

The appropriate design of monetary policy in integrated financial markets is one of the most challenging areas for central banks. One hot topic is whether the rise in liquidity in recent years has contributed to the formation of price bubbles in asset markets. If strong linkages exist, the inclusion...

DRIVER (German)

122

Labour Market Policy in Germany: Institutions, Instruments and Reforms since Unification

Conny Wunsch

Almost 15 years after Unification in 1990, Germany is still struggling with the economic consequences of this event. Although the East German economy has made considerable progress since its near-collapse after the German monetary, economic and social union in July 1990, the East German labour marke...

DRIVER (German)

126
127

International Lessons for the Property Price Boom in South Africa

Wagner, Helmut; Kißmer, Friedrich; Funke, Norbert

South Africa appears to share some of the characteristics (property price boom, easing of monetary policy, strong domestic demand growth) of asset price booms in industrial countries that were often followed by a period of weak growth. The international experience suggests that a number of practical...

DRIVER (German)

128

Interest rate linkages in the Exchange Rate Mechanism : tests for asymmetry, German dominance and interest rate parity using daily data over 1990 to 1997

Thom, Rodney

Empirical research on interest rate linkages within the European Monetary System (EMS) has concentrated on the concepts of asymmetry and German dominance. Asymmetry is usually taken to mean that German monetary policy is invariant to shocks in other EMS economies while dominance implies that the Bun...

DRIVER (German)

129

Industrial policy and the East German productivity puzzle

Klodt, Henning

Catching-up of East German productivity to West German levels has completely faded out since the mid-1990s. The remaining productivity gap cannot be attributed to an inferior capital endowment or qualification deficiencies of the East German labor force. Instead, it appears to be the result of an in...

DRIVER (German)

130

Ifo Dresden berichtet

Ifo-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung < München> / Niederlassung < Dresden>

German National Library of Science and Technology (GetInfo) (German)

131

IMF and Economic Growth: The Effects of Programs, Loans, and Compliance with Conditionality

Dreher, Axel

In theory, the IMF could influence economic growth via several channels, among them advice to policy makers, money disbursed under its programs, and its conditionality. This paper tries to disentangle those effects empirically. Using panel data for 98 countries over the period 1970-2000 it analyzes ...

DRIVER (German)

132

High technology governance and institutional adaptiveness do technology policies usefully promote commercial innovation within the German biotechnology industry?

Casper, Steven; Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung gGmbH

"Bis vor kurzem war es vorherrschende Meinung, daß die deutsche Volkswirtschaftes versäumt hatte, marktorientierte Innovationskompetenzen zu entwickeln, um inBiotechnologie, Informationstechnologie und anderen neuen Hochtechnologiebranchenerfolgreich am Wettbewerb teilnehmen zu können. Seit Mitte...

DRIVER (German)

133

Green, brown, and now white certificates - are three one too many?: a micromodel of market interaction

Meran, Georg; Wittmann, Nadine

Our paper deals with modeling the effects of introducing a market-based tool for improving end-users' efficiency in an energy market which is already regulated through a cap-and-trade system for green house gas emissions and a quota system meant to improve competitiveness of energy produced using re...

DRIVER (German)

135

Global liquidity, world savings glut and global policy coordination

Belke, Ansgar; Gros, Daniel

The global imbalances of the 2000s and the recent global financial crisis are intimately connected. Both originate in the combination of economic policies adopted by the two key economies, the US and China. Global financial markets served as a transmission belt, both during the boom as during the bu...

DRIVER (German)

139

German foreign economic policy in the age of globalisation

Koopmann, Georg

Enhancing the competitiveness of German firms on foreign markets and preserving the attractiveness of Germany as a business location to foreign investors are the twin objectives of foreign economic policy (FEP) in Germany. Its scope extends far beyond conventional ?border? measures to encompass a br...

DRIVER (German)

140

German economic performance: disentangling the role of supply-side reforms, macroeconomic policy and coordinated economy institutions

Carlin, W.J.; Soskice, D.

Since unification, the debate about Germany's poor economic performance has focused on supply-side weaknesses, and the associated reform agenda sought to make low-skill labour markets more flexible. We question this diagnosis using three lines of argument. First, effective restructuring of the suppl...

DRIVER (German)

141

German economic performance: disentangling the role of supply-side reforms, macroeconomic policy and coordinated economy institutions

Carlin, WJ; Soskice, DW

Since unification, the debate about Germany's poor economic performance has focused on supply-side weaknesses, and the associated reform agenda sought to make low-skill labour markets more flexible. We question this diagnosis using three lines of argument. First, effective restructuring of the suppl...

DRIVER (German)

143

Fiscal policy rules in practice

Thams, Andreas

This paper analyzes German and Spanish fiscal policy using simple policy rules. We choose Germany and Spain, as both are Member States in the European Monetary Union (EMU) and underwent considerable increases in public debt in the early 1990s.We focus on the question, how fiscal policy behaves under...

DRIVER (German)

145

Financial crisis, global liquidity and monetary exit strategies

Belke, Ansgar

We develop a roadmap of how the ECB should further reduce the volume of money (money supply) and roll back credit easing in order to prevent inflation. The exits should be step-by-step rather than one-off. Communicating about the exit strategy must be an integral part of the exit strategy. Price sta...

DRIVER (German)

146

Expansion in markets with decreasing demand: for-profits in the German hospital industry

Schwierz, Christoph

Over the last 20 years, acute care hospitals in most OECD have built up costly overcapacities. From the perspective of economic policy, it is desirable to know how hospitals of different ownership form respond to changes in demand and are probably best suited to deal with existing overcapacities. Th...

DRIVER (German)

147

Europe's twenties: a study using the WIATEC model

Kemfert, Claudia; Kremers, Hans; Truong, Truong

In this paper, we use a computable general equilibrium model (WIATEC) to study the potential impact of implementing Europe's 20-20-20 climate policy. The results show that the economic costs of implementing the policy are only moderate and within the range of recent empirical evidence. Furthermore, ...

DRIVER (German)

148

Ethnic German Immigration from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to Germany: the Effects of Migrant Networks

Dietz, Barbara

This paper employed a widely accepted theoretical concept, the ?theory of migrant networks? to look at the recent immigration and absorption experience of ethnic Germans (Aussiedler) from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union in Germany. Consistent with network theory, the social background of ...

DRIVER (German)

149

Erneuerbare Energien in der globalen Strukturpolitik. Zum Potenzial einer strategischen Partnerschaft zwischen Deutschland und Brasilien Renewable Energies in Global Structural Policy. On the Potential of a Strategic Partnership between Germany and Brazil

Röhrkasten, Sybille

Im Rahmen der deutschen Entwicklungspolitik soll Entwicklung nicht nur über die Veränderung lokaler Bedingungen in den Entwicklungsländern, sondern auch über die Gestaltung globaler Strukturen gefördert werden. Das Bundesministerium für Wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung möchte insbesond...

DRIVER (German)

150

Environmentally oriented energy policy and stock returns: an empirical analysis

Oberndorfer, Ulrich; Ziegler, Andreas

This paper analyzes the effect of environmental regulation on stock returns (as a measure of economic performance) for German energy corporations. By using event study methodology, we consider the last minute victory of the acting government in the 2002 German federal elections to the Lower House of...

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151

Environmentally Oriented Energy Policy and Stock Returns: An Empirical Analysis

Oberndorfer, Ulrich; Ziegler, Andreas

This paper analyzes the effect of environmental regulation on stock returns (as a measure of economic performance) for German energy corporations. By using event study methodology, we consider the last minute victory of the acting government in the 2002 German federal elections to the Lower House of...

DRIVER (German)

155

Economic impacts from the promotion of renewable energy technologies: the German experience

Frondel, Manuel; Ritter, Nolan; Schmidt, Christoph M.; Vance, Colin

The allure of an environmentally benign, abundant, and cost-effective energy source has led an increasing number of industrialized countries to back public financing of renewable energies. Germany's experience with renewable energy promotion is often cited as a model to be replicated elsewhere, bein...

DRIVER (German)

158

Economic Development in Eastern Germany: History, Expectations, and Public Policy

Steger, Thomas; Schaefer, Andreas

Motivated by the process of economic development in Eastern Germany since the German reunification we set up a dynamic macroeconomic model of a small open economy where both capital and labor are mobile and there are increasing returns to scale at the aggregate level. The model features multiple equ...

DRIVER (German)

159

Economic Causes of Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon: A Panel Data Analysis for 2000s

da Silva, Jorge Hargrave Gonçalves; Kis-Katos, Krisztina

We use newly launched and some never before analyzed datasets, to assess the recent economic and policy determinants of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. We estimate panel data models for the years between 2002 and 2007 for 368 municipalities in the region using municipality fixed effects and G...

DRIVER (German)

160

Does lowering dividend tax rates increase dividends repatriated?: evidence of intra-firm cross-border dividend repatriation policies by German Multinational Enterprises

Leibrecht, Markus; Bellak, Christian; Wild, Michael

This paper explores the impact dividend taxes exert on the dividends repatriated from foreign affiliates to their German parent company. Based on an augmented Lintner model of firms' dividend payout decisions, the paper focusses on cross-border intra-firm dividend payments of wholly-owned foreign af...

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161

Documentation IZAΨMOD: The IZA policy sImulation mODel

Peichl, Andreas; Schneider, Hilmar; Siegloch, Sebastian

This paper describes IZAΨMOD, the policy microsimulation model of the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). The model uses household microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study and firm data from the German linked employer-employee dataset LIAB. IZAΨMOD consists of three components: First...

DRIVER (German)

162

Do Innovation Subsidies Crowd Out Private Investment? Evidence from the German Service Sector

Czarnitzki, Dirk; Fier, Andreas

This paper analyses the impact of public innovation subsidies on private innovation expenditure. In the empirical economic literature there is still no common support for the hypothesis of either a complementary or a substitutive relationship between public funding and private investment. We investi...

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164

Die Bedeutung monetärer Größen für die deutsche Wachstumsschwäche 1995 -2005

Dovern, Jonas; Jannsen, Nils; Scheide, Joachim

Between 1995 and 2005, the German economy has experienced a phase of weak economic growth. We analyze whether this weak growth performance can be attributed to the stance of monetary conditions during that period. We show that the real effective exchange rate did have almost no dampening effects on ...

DRIVER (German)

165

Decreasing german climate ambitiousness:simply due to economic problems or do politics matter?:measuring and explaining changes in german climate policy strength 2000-2005

Karlseng,Therese Håkonsen

Executive Summary Germany has been known as a climate policy leader. Looking at emissions data, Germany is indeed the leader among OECD countries in reducing emissions of the Kyoto greenhouse gases by over 18% between 1990 and 2000. The 2000 national climate program was the first systematic express...

DRIVER (German)

169

Cultural diversity and entrepreneurship: a regional analysis for Germany

Audretsch, David B.; Dohse, Dirk; Niebuhr, Annekatrin

In this paper we investigate the determinants of entrepreneurial activity in a cross section of German regions for the period 1998-2005. Departing from the knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship, the focus of our analysis is on the role of the regional environment and, in particular, knowled...

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170

Crime, unemployment, and xenophobia? An ecological analysis of right-wing election results in Hamburg, 1986-2005

Rotte, Ralph; Steininger, Martin

This paper investigates the consequences of immigration, crime and socio-economic depriviation for the performance of right-wing extremist and populist parties in the German city state of Hamburg between 1986 and 2005. The ecological determinants of voting for right-wing parties on the district leve...

DRIVER (German)

171

Corporate governance and dividend policy in Poland

Kowalewski, Oskar; Stetsyuk, Ivan; Talavera, Oleksandr

This study examines the relation between corporate governance practices measured by Transparency Disclosure Index (TDI) and dividend policy in Poland. Our empirical approach, constructs measures of the quality of the corporate governance for 110 non-financial companies listed on Warsaw Stock Exchang...

DRIVER (German)

172

Copayments for doctor visits and the probability of visiting a physician - Evidence from a natural experiment

Farbmacher, Helmut

The German health care reform of 2004 imposes a charge of 10 Euro for the first visit to a doctor in each quarter of the year. Exploiting random variation in the interview day of the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study finds a substantial effect of the new fee on the probability of visiting a ph...

DRIVER (German)

173

Composite indicator of German regional policy and its use for optimizing subsidies to regional labour markets

Tangian, Andranik S.

German structural policy is characterized by a composite indicator with three targets:(1) minimization of unemployment, (2) maximization of GDP, and (3) equalization of regional unemployment rates. The composite indicator with given target weights is maximized subject to budget constraints and some ...

DRIVER (German)

174

Choosing from the reform menu card : individual determinants of labour market policy preferences

Heinemann, Friedrich; Bischoff, Ivo; Hennighausen, Tanja

This contribution empirically explores the drivers of labour market reform acceptance for the individual level in Germany. For that purpose we make use of the representative German General Social Survey (ALLBUS). This survey offers data to which extent individuals support benefit cuts, longer workin...

DRIVER (German)

175

Choosing from the Reform Menu Card: Individual Determinants of Labour Market Policy Preferences

Hennighausen, Tanja; Bischoff, Ivo; Heinemann, Friedrich

This contribution empirically explores the drivers of labour market reform acceptance for the individual level in Germany. For that purpose we make use of the representative German General Social Survey (ALLBUS). This survey offers data to which extent individuals support benefit cuts, longer workin...

DRIVER (German)

176

China’s Employment Crisis – A Stimulus for Policy Change? Chinas Beschäftigungskrise - Antrieb für einen Politikwechsel?

Günter Schucher; GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies

In the face of severe job problems, China’s government has adopted a huge stimulus package in a bid to achieve eight per cent economic growth, which is said to guarantee at least enough jobs for the new entrants to the labour market. The real situation, however, will be much grimmer than statistics ...

DRIVER (German)

177

China’s Economic Policy in the Time of the Global Financial Crisis: Which Way Out?

Margot Schüller; GIGA Institute of Asian Studies; Yun Schüler-Zhou; GIGA Institute of Asian Studies

This contribution analyses the impact of the global financial crisis on the Chinese economy and the policies implemented by the Chinese government to cope with it. We argue, first, that China has not been able to decouple its economic performance from that of the U.S. and other developed countries. ...

DRIVER (German)

178

Car road charging: impact assessment on German and Austrian households

Kalinowska, Dominika; Steininger, Karl W.

The authors apply a computable general equilibrium (CGE) modeling framework to carry out a two-country comparison for Austria and Germany assessing the impact of road charging (RC). The pricing policy measure is introduced for the private motorized transport mode and applies to the overall road netw...

DRIVER (German)

179

Can child care policy encourage employment and fertility? Evidence from a structural model

Haan, Peter; Wrohlich, Katharina

In this paper we develop a structural model of female employment and fertility which accounts for intertemporal feedback effects between the two outcomes. We identify the effect of financial incentives on the employment and fertility decision by exploiting variation in the tax and transfer system wh...

DRIVER (German)

181

Between Yaks and Yurts Perspectives for a Sustainable Regional Economic Development in Mongolia

Berg, Christian; Haardt, Saskia; Thieme, Kathleen; Willinger, Ralf; Yoder, Jörg

DRIVER (German)

183

Berlin – Moscow 2005 - 2008 policy options for German future government

Rahr, Alexander; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik e.V.; Körber-Zentrum Russland-GUS; Körber-Stiftung

"After the Bundestag elections on the 18th of September, a new Federal Government could be inclined to distance itself from the current 'special' and 'strategic' relationship between Berlin and Moscow, and increasingly engage with the smaller Central and Eastern European states. On the other hand, i...

DRIVER (German)

184

Before and after the Hartz reforms: the performance of active labour market policy in Germany

Jacobi, Lena; Kluve, Jochen

Having faced high unemployment rates for more than a decade, the German government implemented a comprehensive set of labour market reforms during the period 2003-2005. This paper describes the economic and institutional context of the German labour market before and after these so-called Hartz refo...

DRIVER (German)

185

Before and after the Hartz reforms : the performance of active labour market policy in Germany.

Jacobi, Lena; Kluve, Jochen

Having faced high unemployment rates for more than a decade, the German government implemented a comprehensive set of labour market reforms during the period 2003-2005. This paper describes the economic and institutional context of the German labour market before and after these so-called Hartz refo...

DRIVER (German)

186

Balkan and Mediterranean candidates for European Union membership: The convergence of their monetary policy with that of the European Central Bank

Brada, Josef C.; Kutan, Ali M.

We compare the convergence with German monetary policy of the Balkan and Mediterranean country candidates for EU membership with that of countries that have recently joined the EU. Significant linkages exist between German base money stock and that of recent members of the EU; the same holds true fo...

DRIVER (German)

191

Assessing the impact of the ECB's monetary policy on the stock markets: a sectoral view

Kholodilin, Konstantin; Montagnoli, Alberto; Napolitano, Oreste; Siliverstovs, Boriss

This paper analyzes the response of the European stock markets to the monetary policy shocks by the European Central Bank using the heteroskedasticity based approach of Rigobon (2003). We find that monetary policy tightening has a heterogeneous impact on the Euro Area sectors on the day the monetary...

DRIVER (German)

192

Aspects of Inner-Korean relations examined from a German viewpoint

Horak, Sven

This paper series takes a look at several aspects of inner-Korean relations, primarily in the area of international relations and economic cooperation, from a German viewpoint. In fact, the complexity of the respective subjects touched in this frame would require a deeper and more comprehensive anal...

DRIVER (German)

196

Advanced mechanisms for the promotion of renewable energy: models for the future evolution of the German Renewable Energy Act

Langniß, Ole; Diekmann, Jochen; Lehr, Ulrike

The German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) has been very successful in promoting the deployment of wind power plants and other renewable energy power generating technologies in Germany. The increasing share of EEG-power in the generation portfolio, increasing amounts of fluctuating power generation, and ...

DRIVER (German)

197

Dyson, Kenneth; Featherstone, Kevin

This article argues the value of models of policy analysis which focus on the role of endogenous variables in explaining policy change. Studies of EMU and studies of German public policy in general have tended to be preoccupied with contextual variables as explanations of change. Whilst such variabl...

DRIVER (German)

198

Belke, Ansgar; Schnurbein, Barbara von

We analyze the ECB Governing Council's voting procedures. The literature has by now discussed numerous aspects of the rotation model but does not account for many institutional aspects of the voting procedure of the GC. Using the randomization scheme based on the multilinear extension (MLE) of games...

DRIVER (German)

199

Andersen, B.; Rossi, F.; Stephan, J.

This article examines a sample of German pharmaceutical firms to highlight the strategic reasons why firms participate in various intellectual property (IP) marketplaces, both proprietary (patents and copyrights) and non-proprietary (open source and non-patented technology). The obstacles that preve...

DRIVER (German)