Sample records for BRASILIEN (brazil)

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Urgency Petitions and the Informational Problem in the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies Requerimentos de Urgência e o Problema Informacional na Câmara dos Deputados

Acir Almeida; Institute of Applied Economics Research - IPEA; Fabiano Santos; Graduate Research Institute of Rio de Janeiro - IUPERJ

In the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies, an absolute majority may bring any bill out of committee and to the floor for consideration without the committee’s report by approving an urgency petition. The prevailing interpretation is that urgency petitions have been used by government majorities to get ro...

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The Institutional Feasibility of National-Local Policy Collaboration: Insights from Brazil and Argentina La viablidad de la colaboración nacional-local en política pública: evidencia de Brasil y Argentina

Tracy Beck Fenwick

The goal of this paper is to suggest that municipalities can facilitate the central government’s ability to carry out its desired policy goals. Using three institutional variables that provide internal evidence for each case, I will argue that within some institutional configurations the center may ...

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The Ideological “Coherence” of the Brazilian Party System, 1990-2009 A Coerência Ideológica do Sistema Partidário Brasileiro, 1990-2009

Kevin Lucas; Department of Political Science, University of Minnesota; David Samuels; Department of Political Science, University of Minnesota

This paper contributes to the debate about the ideological coherence of the Brazilian party system. Using discriminant function analysis of 20 years of surveys of Brazilian legislators, we find that the party system now exhibits relatively little coherence. Though the Worker’s Party (PT) is clearly ...

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Some Aspects of Gas Turbine Fuel Preparation and Turbomachinery Response to LCV Fuels

Eriksson, Pontus

This thesis gives some background information on environmental issues as the scientific community at large currently sees it. It tries to relate the plethora of current combustion technologies which may be used in gas turbines to those issues. Some basic principles on combustion design are given. Di...

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Self-construal and cultural orientation as predictors for development goals : a comparison between Brazilian and German caregivers

Friedlmeier, Wolfgang; Schäfermeier, Esther; Vasconcellos, Vera; Trommsdorff, Gisela

The aim of this study was to investigate caregivers' developmental goals in Brazil and Germany and to explain inter- and intracultural variations in these goals by taking their respective subjective cultural values into account. The main question was whether caregivers' preferences of developmental ...

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Public participation and willingness to cooperate in common-pool resource management: a field experiment with fishing communities in Brazil

Cavalcanti, Carina; Schläpfer, Felix; Schmid, Bernhard

The primary evidence about the factors determining successful self-governance of common-pool resources (CPR) has come from case studies. More recently, this observational evidence has been complemented by insights from economic experiments. Here we advance a third approach in which the role of local...

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Psychotic disorders in the Lundby population 1947-1997: Incidence, life-time prevalence and predictors related to personality and behaviour

Bogren, Mats

The aims were to analyze the first incidence, age-at-onset, prevalence and personality related predictors of psychotic disorders in the Lundby population (n=3563) – a community population followed through four waves of field study 1947-1997.Case ascertainment included interviews, registers, case n...

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Professor John Bessant CV

Bessant, John

John Bessant is Professor of Innovation Management at the School of Management, Cranfield University. He graduated from Aston University with a degree in Chemical Engineering in 1975 and later obtained a PhD for work on innovation within the chemical industry. After a spell in industry he took up fu...

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No Country for Leftists? Clientelist Continuity and the 2006 Vote in the Brazilian Northeast Nenhum País de Esquerdistas? Continuidade Clientelista e as Eleições de 2006 no Nordeste Brasileiro

Alfred P. Montero; Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota

Building upon recent studies of the electoral effects of social policyand President Lula da Silva’s coattails in the 2006 Brazilian elections, thisarticle explains the performance of leftist and conservative candidates inelections for governor during that cycle in the Northeast region. The studyasse...

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Monitoramento Qualitativo de Impacto desenvolvimento de Indicadores para a Extensão Rural no Nordeste do Brasil

Silveira Franco, Fernando; Struck, Gabriele; Bartelt, Natalie; Bövers, Bianca; Kubach, Tarik M.; Mattes, Arno; Schmidt, Magnus Gabriel

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Mental representations of parents and family structure of the first grade elementary school children from two countries : Brazil and Germany: similarities and differences

Franieck, Maria Leticia Castreghini Fernandes

This study was designed to explore differences between German and Brazilian latency children in their socio-cultural identity, emotional organization and quality of their identification with parental figures, using a standardized play assessment. The possible role of parents as a cultural filter in ...

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Mangling Cultures: Conflict, Dissonance and Interpretation in Modern Language Studies

From medieval epic and hagiography to modern poetry and cinema and from Central Europe to Brazil, this collection of essays, arising from a graduate day conference, explores questions of conflict and violence in a range of fields from within modern language and literary studies.

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Let’s Blame Everyone: Executive and Legislative Evaluations of Economic Performance in Brazil and Chile Echemosle la culpa a todos: Evaluación del Ejecutivo y del Legislativo por el desempeño económico en Brasil y en Chile

Lucio Renno; University of Brasilia; Wladimir Gramacho; University of Brasilia

In this paper we bring together institutional, contextual, and behavioral perspectives in a comprehensive model that explores determinants of executive and legislative approval based on economic performance in Brazil and Chile. Our main question is, do voters attribute responsibility for the state o...

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Knowing Left From Right: Ideological Identification in Brazil, 2002-2006 Diferenciando a Esquerda da Direita: Identificação Ideológica no Brasil, 2002-2006

Barry Ames; University of Pittsburgh; Amy Erica Smith; University of Pittsburgh

Ideology, typically defined on a left-right spectrum, should provide a means of communication between elites and masses. After years of leftist party rule, have Brazilian voters internalized ideological divisions? Longitudinal surveys conducted from 2002 to 2006 reveal high nonresponse and instabili...

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Inflation and Financial Development: Evidence from Brazil

Bittencourt, Manoel

We examine the impact of inflation on financial development in Brazil and the data available permit us to cover the period between 1985 and 2002. The results?based initially on time-series and then on panel time-series data and analysis, and robust for different estimators and financial development ...

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Hybrid Political Institutions and Governability: The Budgetary Process in Brazil Hibridez Institucional e Governabilidade: O Processo Orçamentário no Brasil

Carlos Pereira; São Paulo School of Economics at the Getulio Vargas Foundation; Salomon Orellana; Michigan State University

In this paper we take a close look at some of the particular pathways by which majoritarian and consensual institutions affect governability. We demonstrate that the mix of majoritarian and consensual institutions found within a country can influence these pathways quite dramatically, such that they...

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Health Programme Evaluation by Propensity Score Matching: Accounting for Treatment Intensity and Health Externalities with an Application to Brazil

Moreno-Serra, Rodrigo

Most of the literature on health programme evaluation has estimated average programme impacts relying on either: (i) data on the presence or absence of an intervention in a particular locality, or (ii) data on individual participation in the health programme. By estimating an average health impact w...

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Financial Development and Inequality: Brazil 1985-99

Meyer Bittencourt, Manoel F. Meyer

We examine the impact that financial development had on earnings inequality in Brazil in the 1980?s and 90?s. The empirical evidence, based on panel time series and time series data, shows that more broad access to financial and credit markets had a significant and robust effect in reducing inequali...

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Fernando Henrique Cardoso: The Astuzia Fortunata of Brazil’s Sociologist-President La Astuzia Fortunata de Fernando Henrique Cardoso

Laurence Whitehead; Nuffield College, Oxford University

Even in the Renaissance, there were not that many Renaissance men. But if it was hard to live many lives in one even for the best placed of Renaissance Europe it is surely harder in contemporary republican Brazil. And yet Fernando Henrique Cardoso or FHC achieved it. How was this possible and at wha...

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Evade, Corrupt, or Confront? Organized Crime and the State in Brazil and Mexico ¿Evadir, corromper o confrontar? El crimen organizado y el Estado en Brasil y México

John Bailey; Georgetown University; Matthew M. Taylor; University of São Paulo

Government and organized criminal groups co-exist in uneasy equilibrium. Criminal groups adjust their behavior as a function of their own goals and resources in relation to inter-group cooperation and conflict, dynamic markets, and public policies; governments adjust their behavior according to shif...

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Erneuerbare Energien in der globalen Strukturpolitik. Zum Potenzial einer strategischen Partnerschaft zwischen Deutschland und Brasilien Renewable Energies in Global Structural Policy. On the Potential of a Strategic Partnership between Germany and Brazil

Röhrkasten, Sybille

Im Rahmen der deutschen Entwicklungspolitik soll Entwicklung nicht nur über die Veränderung lokaler Bedingungen in den Entwicklungsländern, sondern auch über die Gestaltung globaler Strukturen gefördert werden. Das Bundesministerium für Wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung möchte insbesond...

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Economic Causes of Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon: A Panel Data Analysis for 2000s

da Silva, Jorge Hargrave Gonçalves; Kis-Katos, Krisztina

We use newly launched and some never before analyzed datasets, to assess the recent economic and policy determinants of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. We estimate panel data models for the years between 2002 and 2007 for 368 municipalities in the region using municipality fixed effects and G...

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Die Rolle von Bienen und anderen Blütenbesuchern in der Reproduktionsbiologie der Bromelien Aechmea nudicaulis und Vriesea friburgensis im Atlantischen Regenwald Südbrasiliens The role of bees and other flower visitors for the reproductive biology of the bromeliads Aechmea nudicaulis and Vriesea friburgensis in the Atlantic rain forest of southern Brazil

Schmid, Simone Stephanie

Im Rahmen des Projektes „Interne Dynamik des Regenwaldes: spezifische Tier-Pflanze-Interaktionen“ des deutsch-brasilianische Kooperationsprogramms „Mata Atlantica“ habe ich exemplarisch an zwei Modellorganismen, den Bromelienarten Aechmea nudicaulis und Vriesea friburgensis, deren Blüten- und Bestäu...

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Compulsory for Whom? Mandatory Voting and Electoral Participation in Brazil, 1986-2006 Obrigatório para Quem? Voto Obrigatório e Participação Eleitoral no Brasil, 1986 a 2006

Timothy J. Power

Latin America contains roughly half of the world’s countries that use compulsory voting, but this electoral institution has received only limited attention from researchers. This article examines the determinants of voter turnout in the world’s largest electorate subject to mandatory voting, that of...

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Assessment of the Distributive Impact of National and External Trade Reforms in Brazil

Borraz, Fernando; Rossi, Maximo; Ferres, Daniel

This paper quantifies the distributional and poverty effects of national and external trade reform in Brazil using household survey data. We estimate the consumption and labor impact of the Mercosur trade reform following the methodology suggested by Porto (2006). In order to analyze the impact of e...

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