Sample records for GEHIRN (brain)
from WorldWideScience.org

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49

Where do the brainy Italians go?

Constant, Amelie F.; D'Agosto, Elena

This paper studies the major determinants that affect the country choice of the talented Italian scientists and researchers who have at least a bachelor's from Italy and live abroad. There are three alternative country choices: the US/Canada, the UK, and other EU countries. On average, the brainy It...

DRIVER (German)

55

The brain matcher

Di Bona S.; Huwer S.; Niemann H.; Salvetti O.

No abstract available

DRIVER (German)

56

The Kallikrein-Related Peptidases hK2 and PSA with Emphasis on Genetic Variation, Secretion, and Sperm Motility

Sävblom, Charlotta

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2) are secreted by the prostate into seminal plasma and through leakage into blood. This leakage increases rapidly in prostate disease, and PSA is used worldwide as a marker of prostate cancer. PSA is activated in vitro by hK2, and ...

DRIVER (German)

60

Registration to a Neuroanatomical Reference Atlas - Identifying Glomeruli in Optical Recordings of the Honeybee Brain

Strauch, Martin; Galizia, Giovanni

An odorant stimulus given to a bee elicits a characteristic combinatorial pattern of activity in neuronal units called glomeruli. These patterns can be measured by optical imaging, however detecting and identifying the glomeruli is a laborious task and prone to errors. Here, we present an image anal...

DRIVER (German)

61

RISIKEN FRÜHER MIKROEMBOLISATION UND CEREBRALER ISCHÄMIEN NACH THROMBENDARTERIEKTOMIE

Brosig, Torge

Hintergrund: Cerebrale Mikroemboliesignale (MES) nachCarotisthrombendarteriektomie (CEA) werden mit einem erhöhten Risiko eines postoperativen Schlaganfalls in Verbindung gebracht. In dieser Studie wurde die Beziehung eines intraoperativ mittels Ultraschall bestimmten Turbulenzindex (TI)während CE...

DRIVER (German)

68

Molekulare Analyse von Tumorsuppressorgen-Kandidaten auf Chromosom 10 in Tumoren des Nervensystems

Köhler, Benjamin

Deletionen des Chromosoms 10 stellen eine häufige Veränderung in unterschiedlichen Tumoren des Nervensystems dar. Sie finden sich u.a. in der Mehrzahl der Glioblastome, aber auch in Subgruppen von atypischen und anaplastischen Meningeomen sowie Medulloblastomen. Der häufige Verlust von genetischem M...

DRIVER (German)

71

Knee function, movement pattern and knee osteoarthritis in males 14-16 years after an anterior cruciate ligament injury

von Porat, Anette

The overall aim of this work was to study knee function movement pattern and knee osteoarthritis in males 14-16 years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.In the first study, 154 male subjects with a 14-year-old ACL injury were investigated. Self-reported knee function and radiographic sig...

DRIVER (German)

72

Is human sentence parsing serial or parallel? : Evidence from event-related brain potentials

Hopf, Jens-Max; Bader, Markus; Meng, Michael; Bayer, Josef

In this ERP study we investigate the processes that occur in syntactically ambiguous German sentences at the point of disambiguation. Whereas most psycholinguistic theories agree on the view that processing difficulties arise when parsing preferences are disconfirmed (so-called garden-path effects),...

DRIVER (German)

90

Gehirngerechtes Lernen mit digitalen Medien - Ein Unterrichtskonzept für den integrativen DaF-Unterricht Brain-compatible learning - a concept for an integrative German-as-a-Foreign-Language class

Brünner, Ines

Ziel der Forschungsarbeit ist es, ein methodisch-didaktisches Konzept zu entwickeln, das den integrativen Einsatz digitaler Medien im DaF-Unterricht unter Berücksichtigung neurobiologischer Erkenntnisse zum gehirngerechten Lernen beschreibt. Integrativ bezieht sich dabei auf die fächerübergreifende ...

DRIVER (German)

93

Event-Related Brain Potentials and Case Information in Syntactic Ambiguities

Hopf, Jens-Max; Bayer, Josef; Bader, Markus; Meng, Michael

In an ERP study German sentences were investigated that contain a case-ambiguous NP that may be assigned accusative or dative case. Sentences were disambiguated by the verb in final position of the sentence. As our data show, sentences ending in a verb that assigns dative case to the ambiguous NP el...

DRIVER (German)

97

Effects of age of acquisition on brain activation during Chinese character recognition

Weekes, BS; Chan, AHD; Tan, LH

The age of acquisition of a word (AoA) has a specific effect on brain activation during word identification in English and German. However, the neural locus of AoA effects differs across studies. According to Hernandez and Fiebach [Hernandez, A., & Fiebach, C. (2006). The brain bases of reading late...

DRIVER (German)

99

EEG brain mapping of phonological and semantic tasks in Italian and German languages

Angrilli, Alessandro; Dobel, Christian; Rockstroh, Brigitte; Stegagno, Luciano; Elbert, Thomas

Objectives: Event-related potential correlates of phonological encoding ± as compared with lexical access and semantic categorization - were measured in two studies involving two groups of 14 German and 14 Italian subjects.Methods: A two stimulus reaction time paradigm was used. Stimulus pairs pres...

DRIVER (German)

100

EEG brain mapping of phonological and semantic tasks in Italian and German languages

Angrilli, Alessandro; Dobel, Christian; Rockstroh, Brigitte; Stegagno, Luciano; Elbert, Thomas

Objectives: Event-related potential correlates of phonological encoding ± as compared with lexical access and semantic categorization - were measured in two studies involving two groups of 14 German and 14 Italian subjects.Methods: A two stimulus reaction time paradigm was used. Stimulus pairs pres...

DRIVER (German)

101

Do the Best Go West? An Analysis of the Self-Selection of Employed East-West Migrants in Germany

Brücker, Herbert; Trübswetter, Parvati

Since the inequality of earnings in East Germany has approached West German levels in the late 1990s, the standard Roy model predicts that a positive selection bias of East-West migrants should disappear. Using a switching regression model and data from the IABemployment sample, we find however that...

DRIVER (German)

102

Do the Best Go West? An Analysis of the Self-Selection of Employed East-West Migrants in Germany

Trübswetter, Parvati; Brücker, Herbert

Since the inequality of earnings in East Germany has approached West German levels in the late 1990s, the standard Roy model predicts that a positive selection bias of East-West migrants should disappear. Using a switching regression model and data from the IABemployment sample, we find however that...

DRIVER (German)

103

Distinct processing of function verb categories in the human brain

Briem, Daniela; Balliel, Britta; Rockstroh, Brigitte; Butt, Miriam; Schulte im Walde, Sabine; Assadollahi, Ramin

A subset of German function verbs can be used either in a full, concrete, ‘heavy’ (“take a computer”) or in a more metaphorical, abstract or ‘light’ meaning (“take a shower”, no actual ‘taking’ involved). The present magnetencephalographic (MEG) study explored whether this subset of ‘light’ verbs is...

DRIVER (German)

104

Distinct processing of function verb categories in the human brain

Briem, Daniela; Balliel, Britta; Rockstroh, Brigitte; Butt, Miriam; Schulte im Walde, Sabine; Assadollahi, Ramin

A subset of German function verbs can be used either in a full, concrete, ‘heavy’ (“take a computer”) or in a more metaphorical, abstract or ‘light’ meaning (“take a shower”, no actual ‘taking’ involved). The present magnetencephalographic (MEG) study explored whether this subset of ‘light’ verbs is...

DRIVER (German)

113

Cortical representation of vowels reflects acoustic dissimilarity determined by formant frequencies

Obleser, Jonas ; Elbert, Thomas ; Lahiri, Aditi ; Eulitz, Carsten

We studied neuromagnetic correlates of the processing of German vowels [a], [e], and [i]. The aim was (i) to show an influence of acoustic/phonetic features on timing and mapping of the N100m component and (ii) to demonstrate the retest reliability of these parameters. To assess the spatial configur...

DRIVER (German)

114

Cortical representation of vowels reflects acoustic dissimilarity determined by formant frequencies

Obleser, Jonas; Elbert, Thomas; Lahiri, Aditi; Eulitz, Carsten

We studied neuromagnetic correlates of the processing of German vowels [a], [e] and [i]. The aim was (i) to show an influence ofacoustic / phonetic features on timing and mapping of the N100m component and (ii) to demonstrate the retest reliability of theseparameters. To assess the spatial configu...

DRIVER (German)

115

Cortical representation of vowels reflects acoustic dissimilarity determined by formant frequencies

Obleser, Jonas; Elbert, Thomas; Lahiri, Aditi; Eulitz, Carsten

We studied neuromagnetic correlates of the processing of German vowels [a], [e] and [i]. The aim was (i) to show an influence ofacoustic / phonetic features on timing and mapping of the N100m component and (ii) to demonstrate the retest reliability of theseparameters. To assess the spatial configu...

DRIVER (German)

116

Children's Gestures from 18 to 30 months

Andrén, Mats

This thesis concerns the nature of the gestures performed by five Swedish children. The children are followed from 18 to 30 months of age: an age range which is characterized by a rapid succession of developmental changes in children's abilities to communicate by means of both spoken language and ge...

DRIVER (German)

117

Characterization of nucleic acids in membrane vesicles from scrapie-infected hamster brain.

German, T L; Dees, C; Wade, W F; McMillan, B C; Marsh, R F

This study reports the partial characterization of nucleic acids present in gradient fractions enriched for large membrane vesicles from scrapie-infected and uninfected hamster brains. Labeling of phenol-extracted nucleic acids at the 3' or 5' ends revealed abundant amounts of low-molecular-weight R...

DRIVER (German)

118

Category and perceptual interference in second-language phoneme learning: An examination of English vertical bar w vertical bar-vertical bar v vertical bar learning by Sinhala, German, and Dutch speakers

Iverson, P; Ekanayake, D; Hamann, S; Sennema, A; Evans, BG

The present study investigated the perception and production of English /w/ and /v/ by native speakers of Sinhala, German, and Dutch, with the aim of examining how their native language phonetic processing affected the acquisition of these phonemes. Subjects performed a battery of tests that assesse...

DRIVER (German)

119

Can Health Foreign Assistance Break the Medical Brain Drain?

Moullan, Yasser

This paper analyses the impact of health foreign assistance on physicians' brain drain. We use the database from Bhargava and Docquier (2008) to explain physicians' brain drain and health foreign assistance from 1995 to 2003 using a bilateral gravity equation model. In the first time, we propose to ...

DRIVER (German)

120

Brainy Africans to fortress Europe: For money or colonial vestiges?

Constant, Amelie F.; Tien, Bienvenue N.

Economic reasons along with cultural affinities and the existence of networks have been the main determinants explaining migration flows between home and host countries. This paper reconsiders these approaches combined with the gravity model and empirically tests the hypothesis that ex-colonial link...

DRIVER (German)

122

Assessing neuronal networks: Understanding Alzheimer's disease

HAMPEL, HARALD; BOKDE, ARUN LAWRENCE WARREN

Findings derived from neuroimaging of the structural and functional organization of the human brain have led to the widely supported hypothesis that neuronal networks of temporally coordinated brain activity across different regional brain structures underpin cognitive function. Failure of integrati...

DRIVER (German)

132

ASPECTS OF FLUID THERAPY: An experimental study of the effects of systemic inflammation, microvascular permeability, blood pressure and plasma volume

Dubniks, Maris

Adequate circulating blood volume is a prerequisite for circulatory stability. Fluid therapy aims at correcting hypovolaemia, and is an important part of the haemodynamic management of perioperative and critically ill patients. The efficacy of plasma volume substitution largely depends on the pharma...

DRIVER (German)

133

A functional imaging study of translation and language switching

Price, CJ; Green, DW; von Studnitz, R

The neural systems underlying translation and language switching were investigated using PET. Proficient German-English adult bilinguals were scanned whilst either translating or reading visually presented words in German (L1), English (L2) or alternating L1/L2. We refer to alternating L1/L2 as 'swi...

DRIVER (German)

134

Kremin, Helgard; Akhutina, Tanya; Basso, Anna; Davidoff, Jules B.; De Wilde, Martine; Kitzing, Peter; Lorenz, Antje

The well established effect of word frequency on adult's picture naming performance is now called into question. This is particularly true for variables which are correlated with frequency, as is the case of age of word acquisition. Since the work of there is growing agreement among researchers to c...

DRIVER (German)