WorldWideScience

Sample records for muutused vra tugeva

  1. 7 CFR 1730.27 - Vulnerability and Risk Assessment (VRA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Vulnerability and Risk Assessment (VRA). 1730.27 Section 1730.27 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES... Requirements § 1730.27 Vulnerability and Risk Assessment (VRA). (a) Each borrower with an approved RUS electric...

  2. Uued muutused nõuavad enam selgitustööd / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu otsustest ja nende tähtsusest ning selgitamise vajadusest. Ilmunud ka Koit 22. jaan. 2008, lk. 6, pealkiri kujul: Muutused nõuavad poliitikutelt järjest enam selgitustööd, Meie Maa 22. jaan. 2008, lk. 2 ; Sakala 24. jaan. 2008, lk. 2 ; Valgamaalane 22. jaan. 2008, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Teataja 25. jaan. 2008, lk. 11 ; Lääne Elu 24. jaan. 2008, lk. 2 ; Pärnu Postimees 5. veeb. 2008, lk. 19

  3. A novel mode of regulation of the Staphylococcus aureus Vancomycin-resistance-associated response regulator VraR mediated by Stk1 protein phosphorylation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canova, Marc J; Baronian, Grégory; Brelle, Solène; Cohen-Gonsaud, Martin; Bischoff, Markus; Molle, Virginie

    2014-04-25

    The Staphylococcus aureus Vancomycin-resistance-associated response regulator VraR is known as an important response regulator, member of the VraTSR three-component signal transduction system that modulates the expression of the cell wall stress stimulon in response to a number of different cell wall active antibiotics. Given its crucial role in regulating gene expression in response to antibiotic challenges, VraR must be tightly regulated. We report here for the first time in S. aureus convergence of two major signal transduction systems, serine/threonine protein kinase and two (three)-component systems. We demonstrate that VraR can be phosphorylated by the staphylococcal Ser/Thr protein kinase Stk1 and that phosphorylation negatively affects its DNA-binding properties. Mass spectrometric analyses and site-directed mutagenesis identified Thr106, Thr119, Thr175 and Thr178 as phosphoacceptors. A S. aureus ΔvraR mutant expressing a VraR derivative that mimics constitutive phosphorylation, VraR_Asp, still exhibited markedly decreased antibiotic resistance against different cell wall active antibiotics, when compared to the wild-type, suggesting that VraR phosphorylation may represent a novel and presumably more general mechanism of regulation of the two (three)-component systems in staphylococci. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. The role of the Staphylococcal VraTSR regulatory system on vancomycin resistance and vanA operon expression in vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qureshi, Nadia K; Yin, Shaohui; Boyle-Vavra, Susan

    2014-01-01

    Vancomycin is often the preferred treatment for invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. With the increase in incidence of MRSA infections, the use of vancomycin has increased and, as feared, isolates of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) have emerged. VRSA isolates have acquired the entercoccal vanA operon contained on transposon (Tn) 1546 residing on a conjugal plasmid. VraTSR is a vancomycin and β-lactam-inducible three-component regulatory system encoded on the S. aureus chromosome that modulates the cell-wall stress response to cell-wall acting antibiotics. Mutation in vraTSR has shown to increase susceptibility to β-lactams and vancomycin in clinical VISA strains and in recombinant strain COLVA-200 which expresses a plasmid borne vanA operon. To date, the role of VraTSR in vanA operon expression in VRSA has not been demonstrated. In this study, the vraTSR operon was deleted from the first clinical VRSA strain (VRS1) by transduction with phage harvested from a USA300 vraTSR operon deletion strain. The absence of the vraTSR operon and presence of the vanA operon were confirmed in the transductant (VRS1Δvra) by PCR. Broth MIC determinations, demonstrated that the vancomycin MIC of VRS1Δvra (64 µg/ml) decreased by 16-fold compared with VRS1 (1024 µg/ml). The effect of the vraTSR operon deletion on expression of the van gene cluster (vanA, vanX and vanR) was examined by quantitative RT-PCR using relative quantification. A 2-5-fold decreased expression of the vanA operon genes occured in strain VRS1Δvra at stationary growth phase compared with the parent strain, VRS1. Both vancomycin resistance and vancomycin-induced expression of vanA and vanR were restored by complementation with a plasmid harboring the vraTSR operon. These findings demonstrate that expression in S. aureus of the horizontally acquired enterococcal vanA gene cluster is enhanced by the staphylococcal three-component cell wall stress regulatory

  5. Tee uutele turgudele tugeva logistikapartneriga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise logistikaettevõtte Baltic Logistic System Eesti AS-i (BizPak/DPD) müügi- ja turundusjuhi Janek Kivimurru sõnul omab hästi läbi mõeldud logistikastrateegia võtmerolli edu saavutamisel uutel turgudel

  6. Die woord vra kontak

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    other disciplines, for example computer science, publlc administration, finance, business administration, etc. In the case of computer science there have been urgent requests for an interdiscipline similar to computational linguistics in order to achieve a symbiosis between computational lexicography and lexico- graphically ...

  7. Characterization of a vraG Mutant in a Genetically Stable Staphylococcus aureus Small-Colony Variant and Preliminary Assessment for Use as a Live-Attenuated Vaccine against Intrammamary Infections.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Côté-Gravel

    Full Text Available Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of bovine intramammary infections (IMIs that can evolve into difficult-to-treat chronic mastitis. To date, no vaccine formulation has shown high protective efficacy against S. aureus IMI, partly because this bacterium can efficiently evade the immune system. For instance, S. aureus small colony variants (SCVs have intracellular abilities and can persist without producing invasive infections. As a first step towards the development of a live vaccine, this study describes the elaboration of a novel attenuated mutant of S. aureus taking advantage of the SCV phenotype. A genetically stable SCV was created through the deletion of the hemB gene, impairing its ability to adapt and revert to the invasive phenotype. Further attenuation was obtained through inactivation of gene vraG (SACOL0720 which we previously showed to be important for full virulence during bovine IMIs. After infection of bovine mammary epithelial cells (MAC-T, the double mutant (ΔvraGΔhemB was less internalized and caused less cell destruction than that seen with ΔhemB and ΔvraG, respectively. In a murine IMI model, the ΔvraGΔhemB mutant was strongly attenuated, with a reduction of viable counts of up to 5-log10 CFU/g of mammary gland when compared to the parental strain. A complete clearance of ΔvraGΔhemB from glands was observed whereas mortality rapidly (48h occurred with the wild-type strain. Immunization of mice using subcutaneous injections of live ΔvraGΔhemB raised a strong immune response as judged by the high total IgG titers measured against bacterial cell extracts and by the high IgG2a/IgG1 ratio observed against the IsdH protein. Also, ΔvraGΔhemB had sufficient common features with bovine mastitis strains so that the antibody response also strongly recognized strains from a variety of mastitis associated spa types. This double mutant could serve as a live-attenuated component in vaccines to improve cell-mediated immune

  8. Maavalitsust ootavad muutused / Monika Puutsa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puutsa, Monika

    2004-01-01

    Maavalitsuse haridus- ja kultuuriosakonna juhataja Raivo Peeters ei poolda haridus- ja teadusministeeriumi plaani võtta maavalitsustelt haridusjärelevalve funktsioon. Vajadus tõsta maavalitsuste haldussuutlikkust

  9. Silvano üllatas tugeva aasta alguse tulemusega / Silvia Viidik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viidik, Silvia, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise naistrerõivaste müügiketi Silvano Fashion Groupi käive kasvas 2009. a. I kvartaliga võrreldes veerandi võrra. Silvano tulud on suurenenud tänu nõudluse taastumisele Vene turul. Baltika kahjum I kvartalis oli 32 mln. krooni, mida on 50% vähem kui aasta tagasi. Graafik

  10. Vaartversnelling vra verdieping van ons liturgie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.J. de Klerk

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Spurt requests a deepening of our liturgy The science of Liturgy is currently experiencing a considerable expansion of knowledge and contributions from Reformed scholars need to bear a unique imprint. This article argues for an approach aimed at intensifying the liturgy – an intensification implying that God’s mighty presence should be recognized, experienced, acknowledged and confessed in the gathering of the congregation and during each element of the worship service. Two examples, namely the Word service and the service of Humbling and Reconciliation, illustrate what this intensification means. In conclusion, guidelines are provided for addressing contentious liturgical issues, such as transcultural enrichment and the use of symbols and rituals in the liturgy of the congregation and in the liturgy of life.

  11. Vražda a normativita

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tomeček, Marek

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 4, č. 1 (2012), s. 73-80 ISSN 1804-0969 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP401/11/0371 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : murder * ethics * metaethics * semantics Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion http://filosofiednes.ff.uhk.cz/index.php/hen/article/view/39

  12. Muusika ja sotsiaalsed muutused / Kaie Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Kaie, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    26. septembrist 1. novembrini Tallinnas toimunud Rahvusvahelise Muusikanõukogu ülemaailmsel muusikafoorumil räägitust. EMTA prorektor Marje Lohuaru muljetest. Lühiintervjuu Euroopa Muusikanõukogu esimees Timo Klemettineniga

  13. Arhitekti rolli muutused Rootsis / Jaak Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Jaak

    1996-01-01

    Arhitekt ئ tellija usaldusmees (1945-1950). Elamuehitus saab peamiseks ülesandeks (1950-1960). Miljoniprogramm (1960-1970). Arhitekt ühiskonna põlu all (1970-1980). Postmodernismja turumajandus (1980-1990). Tänapäev ja tulevik (1990-?).

  14. Põhjalikud muutused = Capital changes / Hans Ibelings

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibelings, Hans, 1963-

    2011-01-01

    Arhitektuursest arengust Euroopas alates II Maailmasõjast. Viisidest, mil moel erinevad endised sotsialistlikud riigid peale üleminekuperioodi aastatel 1989-1991 läänele järele jõudma hakkasid. Arhitektuurse arengu sarnasusest ja erinevustest postkommunistlikes riikides

  15. Kuidas Helena Bonham Carter ahviks muutus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Taas on ekraanile jõudnud "Ahvide planeet" ("Planet of the Apes") : režissöör Tim Burton : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Kuidas tehti näitlejatele ahvide grimmi. Lähemalt Helena Bonham Carteri grimmist

  16. Armin Karu muutus Eesti rikkaimaks / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Olympic Casino aktsiaid oli müügis 1,124 miljardi krooni eest, märgiti neid aga 7,5 miljardi krooni eest. Diagrammid: Viimaste börsiletulijate aktsia hinna liikumine kroonides esimesel kümnel päeval; Olympic tõi juurde uusi investoreid; Uute väärtpaberikontode arv; Aktsiaid märkinud jaeinvestorite arv viimastel IPOdel. Kommenteerivad Rainer Jürgenson, Peeter Koppel, Riho Talumaa ja Rainer Änilane

  17. Vaesusriski muutused Eestis / Ene-Margit Tiit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiit, Ene-Margit, 1934-

    2006-01-01

    Seoses Eesti majanduse kiire arenguga tellis sotsiaalministeerium 2005. aastal uue tarbimiskaalude hinnangu, mille aluseks olid leibkonna eelarvehinnangu andmed aastaist 2000-2004 ning hinnati erineva struktuuriga leibkondade tarbimiskulutusi. Diagrammid. Graafikud

  18. Muutused eesti sisearhitektuuris / Eero Jürgenson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürgenson, Eero, 1960-

    2003-01-01

    Taasiseseisvusajal kahel korral ESLi juhatuse esimeheks valitud, AB ARS Interjöör üks omanikest E. Jürgenson taasiseseisvusajal toimunud muutustest eesti sisearhitektuuris, sisearhitektuursest projektist

  19. Litt ägab tugeva dollari all / Audrius Gelzhinis, Verslo Zhinios

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gelzhinis, Audrius

    2000-01-01

    Leedu liti USA dollarist lahtisidumisega viivitamise tõttu on Leedu jäänud lõksu: tema kaupadel on kõrge hinna tõttu raske konkureerida nii Venemaa kui ka Euroopa Liidu turul. Diagramm: Leedu väliskaubandus 1999

  20. Kuus miljardit krooni muutus tunniga rusudeks / Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Arvandmeid jaapani arhitekti Minoru Yamasaki projekteeritud World Trade Center'i (WTC) kohta New Yorgis. Kahe kõrghoone hävinemise ajakava 11. septembril 2001. Skeemid ja kaart: New Yorgi siluetis olnud tornmajade hävimine

  1. Tiina Mang : vanalinna korter muutus visuaalselt suuremaks / Gitte Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Gitte

    2003-01-01

    74-ruutmeetrine vanalinna korter, mõeldud kahele inimesele, kellest üks töötab kodus. Enamik mööblist on valmistatud eritellimusel. Sisearhitekt Tiina Mang, tema kommentaarid. Ill.: plaan, 3 värv. vaadet

  2. Eesti muutus äriteenuste pakkujatele atraktiivsemaks asukohaks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Ülemaailmse nõustamisfirma A.T. Kearney 2011. a. veebruaris avaldatud ülevaatest "Global Services Location Index". Uurimuse kohaselt on Eesti asukoht äriteenuste valdkonnas atraktiivsuselt 11. kohal

  3. Veekeskuse rajamine muutus kahtlaseks / Marko Suurmägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurmägi, Marko, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Viljandi veekeskuse rajamiseks korraldatud vähempakkumisel osales viis firmat ning nende pakkumised jäid 4 ja 62 miljoni krooni vahele. Linnavalitsus lootis veekeskuse valmis saada 27 miljoni krooni eest. Diagramm: Veekeskuse hind. Arvamust avaldab Facio Ehituse turundusdirektor Ülo Older

  4. Muutused transiidis panid uusi lahendusi otsima / Roger Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Roger

    2008-01-01

    Transiidikonverentsil Transestonia tehti kokkuvõte 2007. aasta transiidimahtudest ja otsiti lahendusi tulevikuks. Vt. samas: Tanel Raig. Juhtparteid vaatavad transiidi arendamisel eri suundades; Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu kommentaar transiidi ja konteinerterminali rajamise kohta

  5. Võidusammas muutus ohtlikuks ja isoleeriti aiaga / Urmas Jaagant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaagant, Urmas

    2010-01-01

    Vabaduse väljakul kukkus 5. juunil Vabadussõja võidusamba küljest alla klaasist nurgaliist. Rööbiti liistu allakukkumise põhjuse väljaselgitamisega kontrollitakse üle teised nurgaliistud. Kaitseministeerium on juhtunust teavitanud võidusamba ehitanud Tšehhi firmat Sans Souci. Liistujuhtum ei tohiks segada võidusamba uue valgustussüsteemi ehitamist

  6. Muutused lastekaitsetöös 2018. aastal / Kadi Lauri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauri, Kadi

    2017-01-01

    Sotsiaalhoolekande seaduse muudatustest, millega luuakse kinnise lasteasutuse teenus, ligipääs lepitusmenetlusele ning sisaldab ka muutusi süüteo toime pannud alaealiste kohtlemisel väär- ja kriminaalmenetluses

  7. Väikesed muutused annavad kokku suure / Harli Uljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uljas, Harli

    2006-01-01

    Palgatõusust tingitud muudatuste vajalikkusest ettevõtluses. Kommenteerivad ASi Tarkon tegevjuht Ove Carlsson, PTA Grupp ASi juhatuse esimees Peeter Larin, Deloitte Advisory ASi juhatuse esimees Jari Kukkonen

  8. Päev, mil muutus maailm / Paul A. Goble

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goble, Paul Alan, 1949-

    2006-01-01

    Autor analüüsib terrorirünnakute toimepanekut viis aastat tagasi USA-s. Tema hinnangul olid need geniaalselt kavandatud, kuid bin Laden ei saavutanud nendega nii kiiret mõju, kui oli lootnud. Bin Ladeni kolm eksimust

  9. Päev, mil muutus Eesti saatus / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    8. juuli 1709. aastal tominud Poltaava lahingust, mis on olulise tähtsusega ka Eesti ajaloos. See lahing tingis Rootsi suurvõimu languse ja viis Eesti kahesajaks aastaks Venemaa impeeriumi koosseisu.

  10. Sofi Oksase luule muutus Vanemuises teatrireaalsuseks / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2010-01-01

    18. septembril Vanemuise teatri väikeses majas esietendunud lavastusest "Puhastus", autor Sofi Oksanen, lavastaja Liisa Smith. Vaatluse all on sündmused Eesti lähiminevikust (1936-1992). "Puhastust" mängitakse Helsingis Kansallisteatteri laval kaks korda jaanuaris 2011

  11. Tugeva kultuuriga firmas võetakse vastutust, nõrgas süüdistatakse teisi / Mait Raava

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raava, Mait

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 12. okt. lk. 39; Juhi ideelaegas. - Tallinn, 2006, lk. 10-13. Tugev organisatsioonikultuur suunab töötajaid raskuste korral pingutama, nõrk firmakultuur aga iseenda tagalat kindlustama ja teisi süüdistama

  12. Sõrve laulupüha peeti tugeva tuule kiuste väljas / Veljo Kuivjõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuivjõgi, Veljo, 1951-

    2009-01-01

    Salmel peetud Sõrvemaa 146. aastapäeva laulupühal esinesid Salme külakoor ja Kärla külakoor (juhendaja Anita Kangur), Taritu segakoor (juhendaja Reet Laht), meesansambel Punased Sõstrad ja tantsurühm Lender Taritust (juhendaja Aili Salong)

  13. Muusika ja sotsiaalsed muutused / Henrik Melius ; tõlkinud Kadri Malm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melius, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Spiritus Mundi asutaja ja tegevdirektor H. Melius organisatsioonist, muusika mõjust kuulajale ja ühiskonnale. Artikkel on üleskutse osalema Rahvusvahelisel Muusikanõukogu 4. ülemaailmsel muusikafoorumil Tallinnas

  14. Iraagi pikaaegne liitlane muutus üleöö vaenlaseks / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    USA sõdurid otsisid läbi kaitseministeeriumi ja CIA varasema soosiku Ahmad Chalabi kontori ning korteri, et leida tõendeid Iraani kasuks spioneerimise kohta. Vt. samas: USA võimuvahetuse plaan Iraagile vastukarva

  15. Kutseharidus Eestis - muutused ja arengutendentsid = Vocational education in Estonia - changes and trends / Meelis Aunap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunap, Meelis

    2007-01-01

    Eesti kutseharidussüsteemi kujundamise põhimõtted. Kutsehariduse seadusandlus, põhjalikumad ümberkorraldused, finantseerimine. Diagrammid: Kutsehariduse osatähtsus hariduskuludes, 1995-2004; Avaliku sektori hariduskulude jaotus, 1995-2004

  16. Marek Strandberg : rohelised on muutuse Eesti poliitikas juba saavutanud / Marek Strandberg ; interv. Ingvar Bärenklau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strandberg, Marek, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Roheliste erakonna esinumber, erakonna esimees vastab küsimustele erakonna rajamise, valimiskampaania, partei rahastamise ja programmi, põlevkivi kaevandamise, rahvusprobleemi, energiavaldkonna, kasiinode, rohelise mõtteviisi ja valitsuse moodustamise kohta. Vt. samas: Noppeid roheliste programmist; 3 küsimust

  17. Liitumisjärgsed muutused majanduskeskkonnas : [eurointegratsioonist] / Urve Valdmaa, Ants Laansalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valdmaa, Urve

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Agriculture and the development of rural life : overview 2004/2005. - Tallinn, 2005, lk. 66-67. 2004. a maksti Eesti põllumajandustootjatele EL-i eelarvest 25% EL-i otsetoetuste tasemest, liikmesriigil oli võimalus täiendavalt juurde maksta kuni 55% tasemini. Tabel: 2004. a rakendatud toetused ja rahastamisallikad

  18. Matrix - kultusfilm, mis muutus müüdiks / Rando Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Rando

    2003-01-01

    Andy ja Larry Wachowski ulmefilmide triloogia 3. osa "Matrix : Revolutsioon" ("The Marix Revolutions") jõuab 5. novembril esilinastuseni korraga enam kui 50 riigis, sealhulgas MPDE vahendusel ka Eestis. Eesti filmikriitikute arvamusi Matrix'i fenomenist

  19. Kaitseliit muutus ärimeeste käepikenduseks / Toomas Mattson, Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Bekkeri sadama ja Kaitseliidu konflikt 1999. okt. B. Leesik, P.-I. Rajamäe-Volmer, M. Alviste, E. Siff, U.Roosimägi jt. Kommenteerivad Tiit Tammsaar, Ants Laaneots, Eerik-Niiles Kross. Samas artikkel: Kaas, Kaarel. Kapten Terras võib Leesiku välja vahetada

  20. Paradigma muutus linnaplaneerimisideoloogias : nõukogulikust heaolumüüdist turumajandusliku diktaadini / Karin Hallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas, Karin, 1957-

    1999-01-01

    Kirjutis põhineb Malle Meelaku mälestusele pühendatud linnaplaneerimisalasel konverentsil Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis 27. mail peetud ettekandel, mille eesmärk oli vaadelda eesti XX sajandi teise poole linnaplaneerimisideoloogiat muu maailma mõjusuundade kontekstis. Tallinna uuest üldplaanist, pikemalt Viru väljakust.

  1. Remarks on organizational change and change management in public administration / Arndt Kümpel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kümpel, Arndt

    2004-01-01

    Organisatsioonilised muutused ei ole lihtsalt struktuurilised muutused, vaid samuti kultuuri muutused ning administratiivne reform ilma poliitilise reformita on pikaajalises perspektiivis võimatu, järeldab autor. Skeemid. Graafik. Tabel

  2. Teicoplanin resistance in Staphylococcus haemolyticus is associated with mutations in histidine kinases VraS and WalK

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vimberg, Vladimír; Cavanagh, J.P.; Benada, Oldřich; Kofroňová, Olga; Hjerde, E.; Zieglerová, Leona; Balíková Novotná, Gabriela

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 90, č. 3 (2018), s. 233-240 ISSN 0732-8893 R&D Projects: GA MZd(CZ) NV15-28807A; GA MŠk(CZ) LO1509; GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0109 Institutional support: RVO:61388971 Keywords : Resistance * Vancomycin * Teicoplanin Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology OBOR OECD: Microbiology Impact factor: 2.401, year: 2016

  3. Globaalse ühiskonna nägemus ja muutused : kümme väljakutset / Kumi Naidoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Naidoo, Kumi

    2002-01-01

    Paralleeltekst ingl. k. lk. 53-60, vene k. lk. 76-78. Ülemaailmse kodanikualgatuse ühenduse CIVICUS peasekretär käsitleb 10 olulist väljakutset, millega seisavad vastamisi ühendused üle maailma

  4. Kristluse tähenduse ja tähtsuse muutus eestlaste seas 1857-2010 / Lea Altnurme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Altnurme, Lea 1968-

    2013-01-01

    Kristlusest kui enesestmõistetavusest (1857-1918). Võitlusest moraali pärast (1918-1940). Normist alternatiiviks (1940-1991). Kirstlusest kui kultuurimälu hoidjast ja asendusreligioonist (1991-2001)

  5. Motherhood and the "Madness of Hunger": "...Want Almal Vra vir My vir 'n Stukkie Brood" ("...Because Everyone Asks Me for a Little Piece of Bread").

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruger, Lou-Marié; Lourens, Marleen

    2016-03-01

    It is widely assumed that the social and economic conditions of poverty can be linked to common mental disorders in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Despite the considerable increase in quantitative studies investigating the link between poverty and mental health, the nature of the connection between poverty and emotional well-being/distress is still not fully comprehended. In this qualitative study, exploring how one group of Coloured South African women, diagnosed with depression and residing in a semi-rural low-income South African community, subjectively understand and experience their emotional distress, data was collected by means of in-depth semi-structured interviews and social constructionist grounded theory was used to analyse the data. We will attempt to show (1) that the depressed women in this group of respondents frequently refer to the emotional distress caused by hungry children and (2) that the emotional distress described by the respondents included emotions typically associated with depression (such as sadness, hopelessness and guilt), but also included emotions not necessarily associated with depression (such as anxiety, anger and anomie). In our attempt to understand (both psychologically and politically) the complex emotional response of mothers to their children's hunger, we argue that powerful gender and neo-liberal discourses within which mothers are interpellated to care for children, and more specifically, to make sure that children are not hungry, mean that the mothers of hungry children felt that they were not fulfilling their responsibilities and thus felt guilty and ashamed. This shame seemed, in turn, to lead to anger and/or anomie, informing acting out behaviours ranging from verbal and physical aggression to passive withdrawal. A vicious cycle of hunger, sadness and anxiety, shame, anger and anomie, aggression and withdrawal, negative judgement, and more shame, are thus maintained. As such, the unbearable rebukes of hungry children can be thought of as evoking a kind of "madness" in low-income mothers.

  6. Majanduslanguse põhjustatud muutused tööturul = Changes on the labour market caused by economic recession / Siim Krusell

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krusell, Siim

    2010-01-01

    Peamiste majandust ja tööturgu puudutavate indikaatorite muutuste analüüs ning ülevaade majanduse struktuursete näitajate ja tööturu indikaatorite seotusest ning kõige haavatavamatest sektoritest ja sotsiaalsetest rühmadest. Tabelid. Diagrammid. Graafikud

  7. Eri teed tulevikku? : kolmekümneaastaste põlvkonna sissetulekuallikate struktuur ja selle muutused üleminekuperioodil postsotsialistlikes maades / Rein Murakas, Denis Trapido

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murakas, Rein, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Järg nr. 8 lk. 1764-1791. Sissetulekuallikate stabiilsuse ja muutlikkuse probleemist Eestis, Sverdlovski ja Harkovi oblastis Ukrainas, Lätis, Moldovas, Valgevenes ja Tadzhikistanis aastatel 1992-1998. Kasutatud on rahvusvahelise longituudse uurimisprojekti "Põlvkonna eluteed" (PE) andmeid. Tabelid: PE riikide sotsiaal-demograafilised ja arengunäitajad siirdeperioodil; valimi maht regiooni ja PE küsitlusetapi lõikes; analüüsis kasutatud tunnused; PE respondentide kuusissetuleku parameetrid regioonide lõikes (sissetulek USA dollarites); sissetulekuallikate esinemissagedus respondentidel (%) ning keskmine sissetulekuallikate arv

  8. Brüsseli I (uuesti sõnastatud) määrus: kas põhjalik muutus Eesti rahvusvahelises tsiviilkohtumenetluses? / Maarja Torga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Torga, Maarja, 1984-

    2014-01-01

    Alates 10. jaan. 2015 peavad Eesti kohtud ja kohtutäiturid hakkama nn Brüsseli I määruse (EÜ/44/2001) asemel kohaldama Brüsseli I määruses (EL/1215/2012) sisalduvaid sätteid (kohtualluvuse määramise, kohtulahendite ja ametlike dokumentide tunnustamise või täitmise kohta). Ülevaade määruse kohaldamisalast ja peamistest muudatustest ning vahekorrast teiste õigusaktidega

  9. Kilpkonn äratas huvi Eesti teaduse vastu / Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärismaa, Sirje, 1958-

    2014-01-01

    Kopenhaagenis toimunud Euroopa teadusfoorumil ESOF kinnistas Eesti oma tugeva IT-riigi kuvandit. Eesti messiboksi kese oli Tallinna tehnikaülikooli biorobootika keskuse allveerobot U-CAT (Underwater Curious Archeology Turtle), mis mõeldud laevavrakkidelt info kogumiseks

  10. Privatisation of enterprises of infrastructure : why did it misfire? / Heido Vitsur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vitsur, Heido, 1944-

    2002-01-01

    Edelaraudtee ning Narva elektrijaamade erastamisest, sellega seonduvatest probleemidest ning viimastest arengutest. Lisad: Muutused maksunduses; Balti riikide kõige kallim ja odavam pealinn; Aastatehingud Eestis

  11. Kohtueelses menetluses antud ütluste kasutamine kohtumenetluses EV Riigikohtu ja Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu seisukohad ning SE 599 rakendunud muutused : [bakalaureusetöö] / Agu Aver ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Eerik Kergandberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aver, Agu

    2012-01-01

    Eesti kriminaalmenetluse arengust, võistlevusest, Euroopa Inimõiguste ja Põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooni artiklist 6 lõige 3 p (d), kohtueelses menetluses antud ütluste avaldamisest KrMS kohaselt, kuulduste keelust

  12. Paradigma muutus 1970-ndate aastate Lääne kunstis ja selle kajastus eesti kunstielus = The Change of Paradigm in the Western Art of the 1970s and its Reflection in the Estonian Art World / Jaak Kangilaski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangilaski, Jaak, 1939-

    1998-01-01

    Nõukogude võimu ideoloogilisest arengust, eesti kunsti suundumustest okupatsiooni ajal ئ ametlik, rahvuslik-konservatiivne (30.-te ideaalidele toetuv) ja avangardistlik suund ئ ning muutustest eesti kunstis seoses 1970. aastatel lääne kunstis toimunud paradigmade vahetumisega, suhetest vene avangardkunstiga

  13. Teooria ja praktika areng disainiõppes, tegevused ja muutused valdkonnas = The dynamics of theory and practice in design learning: contexts, service and a discipline in evolution / Tiiu Vaikla Põldma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaikla Põldma, Tiiu

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis on käsitletud disainiõppes toimunud muutusi, mis on tingitud muutuvast rahvastiku koosseisust, tehnoloogia arengust ja elulaadi muutusest nii eetiliselt, poliitiliselt, esteetiliselt ning globaalselt. Teooria ja praktika integreerimine aitab luua uusi ja uuenduslikke ideid ja võimalusi ruumiliste lahenduste ja ruumi kasutamise osas, et võimaldada inimestele paremaid elamistingimusi tänapäeva keerulises ja pidevalt muutuvas maailmas

  14. Changes in foodstuffs consumption in Estonia and other candidate countries of the EU / Tõnu Akkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Akkel, Tõnu, 1936-

    2003-01-01

    Muutused toiduainete tarbimises Eestis ja teistes Euroopa Liidu kandidaatmaades. 90-ndate lõpul toimunud poliitilised ja majanduslikud muutused Ida-Euroopa riikides mõjusid ka toiduainete tarbimisele, eeskätt vähenesid kallimate toiduainete, sh liha- ja piimasaaduste tarbimine. Tabelid. Diagrammid

  15. Maakasutuse legaalsed ja moraalsed aspektid : Hiina juhtum = Laws and moralaty of land use : the case of China / Anne Haila

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haila, Anne

    2008-01-01

    Vaadeldakse, millised muutused on toimunud Hiina maahaldussüsteemis ja maakasutuses. Tagasivaade maareformide ajaloole, ülevaade Hiina kaasaegsetest reformidest ning seda toetavatest rahvusvahelistest nõustajatest. Mõningatest probleemidest, mida institutsionaalne muutus ja uus turujaotus on kaasa toonud, ebaselgetest omandiõigustest. Bibliograafia lk. 83

  16. Eesti ettevõtteid dollar ei heiduta / Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Piret, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Kuigi dollar on aastate jooksul läbi teinud tugeva languse, on Eesti ettevõtted USA turu suhtes optimistlikud ning kasvatavad ka ekspordimahtusid. Kommenteerivad Ülo Kaasik ja Hardo Pajula. Diagramm: Euro on eelmise aasta oktoobrist sammhaaval dollari suhtes tugevnenud. Vt. samas: Kertu Ruus. USA ettevõtja näeb dollarit kui äri

  17. Olympic - Eesti esimene maailmavallutaja? / Tarvo Vaarmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarmets, Tarvo

    2008-01-01

    Olympic on väga tugeva juhiga, ambitsioonikas ettevõte, mille aktsia hind on kukkunud tasemele, mida võiks pikaajaline investor tasapisi hakata võtma kui head ostukohta. Vt. samas: Tugevad näitajad sisendavad kindlust. Diagramm: Olympicu aktsia

  18. Tapio Aura - tsemenditehas tuleb järgmisele põlvkonnale üle anda natuke paremas seisus / Tapio Aura ; interv. Toomas Kään

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aura, Tapio

    2005-01-01

    AS Kunda Nordic Tsement juhatuse esimees on kümne Eestis elatud ja töötatud aastaga ära õppinud eesti keele ning teinud tehasest tugeva, jätkusuutliku ja konkurentsivõimelise ettevõtte. Lisa: Eino Tapio Aura. Kommenteerib maxit Estonia AS tegevdirektor Viktor Valkiainen

  19. Narva kant vajab oma brändi / Esko Passila

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Passila, Esko

    2007-01-01

    Autor leiab, et Ida-Virumaa peaks looma ühtse tugeva brändi, mille alusel tulevikuotsuseid teha. See peaks tooma välja soodsa asukoha eelised, võimalused, tööjõu kättesaadavuse, kasutusvalmid maa-alad, hinnad jne.

  20. Hirmu teretulnud naasmine maailma rahaturgudele / Martin Wolf ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wolf, Martin

    2007-01-01

    Ajalehe The Financial Times majanduskommentaator finantskriisist maailmamajanduses. Tõenäoliselt saabub kahjumite kokkuarvamise, karmistuvate krediiditingimuste ja laenukoormuste vähendamise aeg, mis toob kaasa tugeva surve intressimäärade järsuks langetamiseks, et kriisiohtlik süsteem hädast päästa. Sellele survele tuleks vastu hakata nii kaua kui võimalik

  1. Õppetunnid Põhjamaadest / Jeffrey D. Sachs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sachs, Jeffrey D.

    2006-01-01

    Columbia ülikooli professori sõnul on Põhjamaad edukalt kombineerinud sotsiaalset heaolu kõrge sissetuleku, tugeva majanduskasvu ja makromajandusliku stabiilsusega. Põhjamaade kogemus kummutab USA konservatiivide väited, et suur avalik sektori kätkeb endas ebatõhususe, juhtimisvigade ja korruptsiooni ohtu ning et kõrged maksud pärsivad majandust

  2. Serbia liigub taas Euroopa Liidu poole

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Liit kutsub Serbia jätkama kõnelusi riigi pürgimiseks ühenduse liikmeks, tõuke kõneluste jätkamiseks andis Haagi peasüüdistaja ja Serbia senise tugeva kritiseerija Carla Del Ponte rahulolu Belgradi pingutustega Balkani sõjakurjategijate väljaandmisel

  3. Rootsi näitab Eestit sarjates teadmatust / Gunilla Herlitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herlitz, Gunilla

    2004-01-01

    Autori arvates on majandusareng ja ühiskondlikud muutused EL-iga liituvates riikides viimase kuni viieteistkümne aasta jooksul olnud erakordsed, nüüd on Euroopa riikide kord õppida ida-poolsetelt riikidelt

  4. Doktorant lahendab juustulehma valemit : Tartu noorte teadlaste artikkel tõusis poodiumile / Martin Pau ; kommenteerinud Ursel Soomets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pau, Martin, 1975-

    2012-01-01

    Teadusajakirja Journal of Dairy Science oktoobrinumbri artikli «Piimalehmade piima ja vere metaboloomi muutused esimeste laktatsioonikuude jooksul» kaasautori, maaülikooli doktorandi Hedi Harzia uurimistööst

  5. Strategy formation in changing environment / Sven Heil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heil, Sven

    2005-01-01

    Uuringu telekommunikatsiooni operaatori juhtimise kohta Eestis aastatel 1993-2003 tulemustest selgus, et ettevõtte üleminekul konkurentsiga turule muutus firma strateegia pika-ajalisest ette planeeritavast lühiajaliselt kujundatavaks

  6. Suure tehingu tagamaad / Tiit Efert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Efert, Tiit, 1976-

    2002-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab kahe suure autotööstuse ettevõtte Daimler-Benzi ja Chrysleri ühinemist ja sellega kaasnenud probleeme. Diagramm: Daimler-Chrysleri aktsiahinna muutused 1997-2002. Kommenteerib Kristjan Kalda

  7. Practice masters of the Royal Academy of Turku (Academia Aboensis, 1640-1827) - an international element in the town of Turku / Jussi Nuorteva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuorteva, Jussi

    2005-01-01

    Ülikoolide olemuse teisenedes 16. sajandil muutus õpetus praktilises suunas ja õppejõududena tulid ülikoolidesse nn. harjutusmeistrid. Turus moodustasid harjutusmeistrid erandliku rahvusvahelise elemendi nii ülikoolis kui linnas

  8. Põllumajandus tõotamas saaki / Virge Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Virge

    2008-01-01

    Investeerimisel on põllumajandussektor kasvav trend. Järgneva 25 aasta jooksul kasvab nõudlus põllumajandustoodete järele keskmiselt 2,5% aastas. Diagramm: Põllumajandussektori aastaindeksite muutus alates 2000. aasta algusest

  9. Kõigepealt tuleb moraal / Bernd Ulrich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ulrich, Bernd

    2007-01-01

    Autor selgitab, et kliimamuutused asetavad inimkonna enneolematusse olukorda, mis tingib meie eluviisi ja majanduse radikaalse muutuse. Keskkonnapoliitikas osutuvad idealistid realistideks, kes on juba ammu teinud ettepanekuid kliimamuutuste vältimiseks

  10. Muudatustest hooldusravis / Heli Paluste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paluste, Heli

    2010-01-01

    Alates 1. jaanuarist 2010. a. moodustab hooldusravi voodipäevade hinnast isiku omaosalus 15 % (VV määrusest nr. 49 (19. veebruarist 2009. a.), mis jõustus 1. jaanuaril 2010. a. ja millega hooldusravi rahastamine muutus)

  11. Staatuspalga eelnõu / Ivar Tallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tallo, Ivar, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Kõrgemate riigiteenijate palgakorraldusest ja vastavast seaduseelnõust. Lisatud: riigiteenijate palga muutus. Tabelis on toodud andmed ka presidendi palga kohta. Vt. ka juhtkiri lk. 2: Palgad jälle tõusevad

  12. I kvartalis vähenes turism Eestis ja kõigis lähiriikides / Piret Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Piret

    2009-01-01

    Eesti majutusettevõtetes I kvartalis 2006-2009 majutatud turistid ja nende ööbimised ning turistide ööbimiste arvu muutus 2009 I kvartalis võrreldes 2008. aasta I kvartaliga Eestis, Põhjamaades ning Baltimaades.

  13. Automaatsete fiskaalsete stabilisaatorite suurus ja variatsioon Eestis / Rasmus Kattai

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kattai, Rasmus

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade kui suur on perioodil 1996-2001 olnud majandustsüklist tingitud muutus valitsussektori eelarve tasakaalus ning millises vahemikus on automaatsete fiskaalsete stabilisaatorite suurus sellel perioodil varieerunud. Tabelid, graafikud

  14. Konsensus - lutshshaja forma oboronõ / Jevgenija Garanzha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garanža, Jevgenija, 1979-

    2003-01-01

    Muutused Eesti kaitsemudelis peavad olema saavutatud kõikide poliitiliste jõudude kokkuleppe tulemusena - sellisele järeldusele jõudsid Isamaaliidu poolt kokku kutsutud ümarlauas osalenud parlamendifraktsioonid

  15. Kogeja vormistamine eesti keeles : nihkeid SAE perifeerias / Mati Erelt, Helle Metslang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Mati, 1941-

    2008-01-01

    Artiklis vaadeldakse kogeja vormistamist ning alternatiivsete mallide kasutust ajakirjanduskeeles ajavahemikul 1995-2005 eesmärgiga välja selgitada toimunud muutused ning nende põhjused. SAE - Euroopa keskmine standard

  16. Kogeja vormistamine eesti keeles : nihkeid SAE perifeerias / Mati Erelt, Helle Metslang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Mati, 1941-

    2008-01-01

    Vaadeldakse kogeja vormistamist ning alternatiivsete mallide kasutust ajakirjanduskeeles ajavahemikul 1995-2005. Püütakse välja selgitada toimunud muutused ja nende põhjused. SAE - Euroopa keskmine standard

  17. Euroopa Liidu mahelogo pole kuigi tuntud / ülevaate koostas Merit Mikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    2010. a muutus ELi mahelogo kasutamine mahetoodetel kohustuslikuks. Euroopa Komisjon lootis sellega elavdada ELi maheturgu. Mitmete uuringute põhjal on aga selgunud, et tarbijad ELi mahemärki siiski eriti ei tunne

  18. Kui Liisa kirjutas kirja... / Ulrike Plath, Kaarel Vanamölder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plath, Ulrike, 1972-

    2016-01-01

    Liisa Pulsti elusaatusest, maakogukonnast pärit vallasemast, kes andis oma kolm last lastekodusse ning kes hiljem Riia baltisaksa perekonnas muutus armastatud perekonnaliikmeks. Artikkel tutvustab Liisa poolt 1946. aastal kirjutatud kirja

  19. Mäluravi / Jaanus Adamson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adamson, Jaanus, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Mäletamise paradigma ehk suulise traditsiooni vahetumisest unustamise paradigma ehk kirjaliku traditsiooniga, psühhoanalüüs kui selle muutuse tulemusel tekkinud viis minevikku meenutamise asemel korrata

  20. Salajane uurimus paljastab GMO-ga seotud terviseriske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Ajaleht The Independent avaldas 22. mail USA agrokeemiakompaniis Monsanto läbiviidud salajase uurimuse tulemused, mis näitasid, et geneetiliselt muundatud maisiga toidetud rottidel tekkisid anomaaliad siseorganites ja muutused vere koostises

  1. Kevin Traverse-Healy: kommunikatsiooni eesmärk on muuta käitumist / intervjueerinud Annela Laaneots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traverse-Healy, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    Intervjuu strateegianõuniku ja rahvusvaheliselt tuntud kommunikatsioonieksperdi Kevin Traverse-Healyga, kes peab eduka kommunikatsioonijuhi töös oluliseks luua õige kommunikatsioon, mille eesmärgiks on sihtrühma käitumise muutus

  2. Organisatsiooniliste muutuste võimalikud probleemid ja ohud avalikus sektoris : Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse näitel / Tõnu Roolaht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roolaht, Tõnu, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Kuigi avalike organisatsioonide muutused jäävad ka edaspidi seotuks poliitiliste arengutega, leiab autor, et selles protsessis on siiski vajalik otsida teid ka organisatsiooni sisemiste arenguseaduspärasustega arvestamiseks. Skeem

  3. Obama suunab kahuritule teadmata kadunud Osamale / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    Autori sõnul on USA tähelepanu hajumine võimaldanud al-Qaidal peituda ja neid varjaval Talibanil uuesti tugevneda. Esimene muutus, mille Barack Obama USA presidendina tegi, oli katse islamimaailma terroristidest eemale meelitada

  4. Eesti vajab kiiresti euroabi vastuvõtmise kava / Rupinder Singh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Singh, Rupinder

    2003-01-01

    Autor leiab, et EL-i liikmelisus annab võimaluse püsivaks ja õiglaseks majanduskasvu koefitsiendiks, kuid vaid juhul, kui potentsiaalsed võimalused ära kasutatakse. Ta rõhutab tugeva poliitilise juhtimise ja strateegilise planeerimise vajalikkust valmistamaks ette infrastruktuuri EL-i rahade kasutamiseks. Samas pole Baltimaades tema hinnangul hetkel isegi piisavalt inimesi EL-i finantsvoogude suure potentsiaaliga tegelemiseks.

  5. Äripäev maakonnas : Pärnumaa / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2007-01-01

    Pärnumaa edukamad firmad 2006. aastal. Vt. samas: Puuduvad töökäed tulevad kutsehariduskeskusest. Kommenteerivad Veljo Truudel, Marika Tettermann ja Tarmo Vanamõisa; Müügitulu headest kaubamärkidest; Menukuses kajastub emafirma edu; 2005. aasta edetabel; Tugeva meeskonnaga töörindel; Pärnumaa Gaselli TOPi juhib kinnisvarafirma. Küsimustele vastab Puls Brewery AS-i juht Aivo Varem

  6. Riglyne vir die onderwys.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. du Plooy

    1960-03-01

    Full Text Available In die afgelope vyftig jaar sedert die Unie tot stand gekom het, is veel op die gebied van onderwys tot stand gebring. Dit is heel natuurlik dat ’n mens sou vra: Wat van die toekoms?

  7. Mathematical Modeling of Wastewater Oxidation under Microgravity Conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Boyun Guo; Donald W. Holder; David S. Schechter

    2005-01-01

    Volatile removal assembly (VRA) is a module installed in the International Space Station for removing contaminants (volatile organics) in the wastewater produced by the crew. The VRA contains a slim pack bed reactor to perform catalyst oxidation of the wastewater at elevated pressure and temperature under microgravity conditions. Optimal design of the reactor requires a thorough understanding about how the reactor performs under microgravity conditions. The objective of this study was to theo...

  8. Volatile Removal Assembly Flight Experiment and KC-135 Packed Bed Experiment: Results and Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holder, Donald W.; Parker, David

    2000-01-01

    The Volatile Removal Assembly (VRA) is a high temperature catalytic oxidation process that will be used as the final treatment for recycled water aboard the International Space Station (ISS). The multiphase nature of the process had raised concerns as to the performance of the VRA in a microgravity environment. To address these concerns, two experiments were designed. The VRA Flight Experiment (VRAFE) was designed to test a full size VRA under controlled conditions in microgravity aboard the SPACEHAB module and in a 1 -g environment and compare the performance results. The second experiment relied on visualization of two-phase flow through small column packed beds and was designed to fly aboard NASA's microgravity test bed plane (KC-135). The objective of the KC-135 experiment was to understand the two-phase fluid flow distribution in a packed bed in microgravity. On Space Transportation System (STS) flight 96 (May 1999), the VRA FE was successfully operated and in June 1999 the KC-135 packed bed testing was completed. This paper provides an overview of the experiments and a summary of the results and findings.

  9. Pullide galopp või karude agoonia? : Dow Jonesi püssirohi on kuiv / Mehis Replik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Replik, Mehis

    1999-01-01

    USA väärtpaberituru tõusud ja langused. Dow Jonesi ajalugu. Tabel: Dow Jones Industrial Average indeksi muutused; Standard & Poors 500 indeksi aastased sulgemishinad ja P/E ration 1950-1998; USA aktsiaindeksi Standard & Poorshi 500 languseelsed P/E tasemed

  10. Üks liblika tiivalöök Brasiilias võib tekitada Texases tornaado / Ain Kallis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallis, Ain, 1942-

    2008-01-01

    Meteoroloog ja matemaatik Edward Norton Lorenz (1917-2008) tegi 1961. aastal tavalist numbrilist ilmaprognoosi. Arvutustes tehtud väikese ümarduse tõttu muutus lõpp-prognoos ebatäpseks. Kogetu põhjal formuleeris ta ühe kaoseteooria põhiprintsiibi

  11. From town to heritage conservation area / Lilian Hansar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansar, Lilian, 1949-

    2010-01-01

    Linnaehituslike struktuuride muutused Eesti väikelinnades 13.-20. sajandil. Esimene vanalinna kaitsetsoon moodustati Eestis 1966. a. Tallinnas, 1973. a. võeti riikliku kaitse alla Lihula, Haapsalu, Kuressaare, Paide, Pärnu, Rakvere, Tartu, Viljandi, Võru ja 1995. a. Valga ajalooline keskus

  12. Melissa Wells : "Mojo serdtse teper s etimi ljudmi i ihh problemani" / Melissa Wells ; interv. Jevgenija Garanzha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wells, Melissa

    2001-01-01

    Intervjuu USA suursaadikuga Eestis Melissa Wellsiga, põhiteemad: USA uue administratsiooni poliitika Baltimaade suhtes, nn. Kaliningradi skandaal, NATO laienemine, Baltimaade ühinemine NATO-ga, Eesti ja Euroopa kiirreageerimisjõud. Eesti-USA suhted pärast Eesti ühinemist EL-iga, muutused Eestis viimastel aastatel, USA saatkonna osavõtt integratsiooniprojektist. Melissa Wellsi eluloolisi andmeid

  13. Dollar aina tugevneb / Kristel Raesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raesaar, Kristel

    2000-01-01

    Valuutaspekulantide hirm USA majanduse järsu halvenemise ees on lahtunud ja vahepeal nõrgenenud dollar võib lähinädalatel taas rünnata uusi rekordtasemeid. Graafik: Dollari kursi muutus alates euro loomisest

  14. Viimsi poolsaare maastikuline mitmekeseisus ja selle muutumine 20. ja 21. sajandil = The diversity and changes of the landscape of the Viimsi Peninsula during the 20th and 21st Century : III koht bakalaureusetööde kategoorias / Karolin Mäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäe, Karolin

    2009-01-01

    Töö eesmärgiks oli iseloomustada Viimsi poolsaare looduslikke ja inimmõjulisi komponente, selgitada välja poolsaare maastikuline mitmekesisus ning tuua välja maakattes esinevad muutused 20. sajandi algusest kuni tänapäevani ning nende seos sotsiaal-majanduslike tingimustega

  15. Alfred Chandler viis äriajaloo massidesse / Harli Uljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uljas, Harli

    2007-01-01

    Majandusteadlane Alfred Chandler oli esimene, kes tõi kasutusse väite, et muutused strateegias saavad olla edukad vaid juhul, kui juhid suunavad ka ettevõtte toimima uutmoodi. Teda peetakse suurkorporatsiooni äriajaloo leiutajaks. Artikkel sisaldab loetelu A. Chandleri kirjutistest

  16. Euroliidu laienemine suunab logistikafirmad koostööle / Rivo Sarapik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapik, Rivo, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 28. juuli lk. 15. Autor refereerib logistikaajakirjas Logistics Business Magazine ilmunud artiklit, milles analüütikud ja firmajuhid prognoosivad EL-i laienemisega kaasnevaid võimalikke arenguid logistikavaldkonnas. Lisa: Muutused logistikas seoses ELi laienemisega

  17. Vabadus teeb rikkaks / Andres Arrak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arrak, Andres, 1958-2017

    2005-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Eesti majandusvabadust kahe edetabelipõhjal: ühte koostab alates 1996. aastast Kanadas asuv Frazeri Instituut, teist USA-s asuv Heritage Foundation ja majandusajakiri The Wall Street Journal. Diagramm: Majandusvabaduse indeksi muutus mullu Euroopa Liidus

  18. Kroonutalupoegade seisund Liivimaal 17. sajandi lõpus / Marten Seppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppel, Marten, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Asehaldur M. v. Strokirchi Riias säilinud konseptiraamatutele tuginedes analüüsitakse kroonutalupoegade seisundit 17. saj. kahel viimasel aastakümnel. Muutused talurahva olukorras mõisate riigi kätte minekuga, talupoegade õigused ja kohustused, talupoegadest hirsnike rollid

  19. Võidu monument / Marco Montanari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Montanari, Marco

    2007-01-01

    Itaallasest autori sõnul on pronkssõduri juhtum midagi niisugust, mida itaallased mõistavad. Ta kirjeldab, kuidas Lõuna-Tiroolis püstitatud Võidu monumendi tähtsus aastatega muutus, ning arvab, et ka Eesti inimesed peaksid pronkssõdurit ümbritsevad kired maha jahutama

  20. Organizational culture and environment : dynamics in dynamics. Case of Ordi / Ann Reino, Triin Kask, Maaja Vadi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reino, Ann

    2007-01-01

    Keskkonna võimalikust mõjust organisatsioonikultuuri dünaamikale AS-i Ordi näitel. Esitatakse hüpoteetiline mudel protsessidest, mis on ettevõttes toimunud alates 90-ndate aastate algusest ning kirjeldatakse, kuidas globaalsed ja kohalikud muutused infotehnoloogiasektoris on mõjutanud ettevõtte organisatsioonikultuuri. Joonised

  1. Kepleri seadus / Mehis Replik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Replik, Mehis

    1999-01-01

    Dow Jones Industrials indeksi ajaloost ja tänapäevast. USA börsi olukord. DIJA aktsiate turuhinna ja dividendide suhe (1928-1998 märts); Dow Jonesi tööstuskeskmise aastased muutused 1972-1998; Dow Jonesi edukamad aastad

  2. Zakon Keplera / Mehis Replik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Replik, Mehis

    1999-01-01

    Dow Jones Industrials indeksi ajaloost ja tänapäevast. USA börsi olukord. DIJA aktsiate turuhinna ja dividendide suhe (1928-1998 märts); Dow Jonesi tööstuskeskmise aastased muutused 1972-1998; Dow Jonesi edukamad aastad

  3. Eesti regionaalne ja kohalik areng globalireeruvas maailmas / Garri Raagmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raagmaa, Garri, 1966-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti regionaalne areng 20. sajandil ja seda mõjutanud tegurid. Kaart ja skeem: maavaldade elanikkonna muutus aastail 1989-2000 rahvaloenduste andmetel ; Eesti 21. sajandi I poole maa-linna arengu mudel. Summary: Estonia's regional and local development in the framework of global processes

  4. IFLA 39. aastakongress Baltimaades / Peep Moorast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moorast, Peep

    2002-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline maastikuarhitektide föderatsiooni IFLA 39. kongress deviisiga "Muutused maastikus" Baltimaades 7.-13. X 2002. Kongressi peakorterist Riias korraldati väljasõite Lätisse, Eestisse ja Leetu. Eesti Põllumajandusülikoolis sümpoosionil esinesid Eestist Tiina Tammet ja Peeter Vassiljev. Eestile esitati kutse astuda IFLA liikmeks

  5. Lõpuks ometi midagi tarka! / Ago-Endrik Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kerge, Ago-Endrik, 1939-

    2009-01-01

    Lavastajast autor pakub humoorikaid lahendusi presidendi iseseisvuspäeva vastuvõtu kätlemistseremoonia tõhustamiseks. Vastukaja artiklile: Ilves, Evelin. Muutused on möödapääsmatud. Postimees 10. märts 2009, lk. 12, kus presidendi abikaasa pidas vajalikuks piirata ajakirjanduse juurdepääsu presidendi iseseisvuspäeva vastuvõtule

  6. Sünnid ema hariduse järgi aastatel 1989-2001 / Ülle Valgma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valgma, Ülle

    2006-01-01

    Muutused Eesti majandus- ja sotsiaalsfääris mõjutasid elanike hariduse omandamist, mis peegeldus ka sünnitajate haridustasemes: suurenes nii kõrg- kui ka põhiharidusega sünnitajate osatähtsus. Graafikud. Diagrammid. Tabel

  7. Regina Baltica runs aground, none injured

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tallinki laev sõitis 27. septembri õhtul Kapellskäri lähedal madalikule, kust pääses omal jõul poole kahe paiku liikuma, reisijad kannatada ei saanud. Õnnetuse põhjuseks oli elektrihäire, mille tõttu muutus laev juhitamatuks

  8. Arizonasesse kunsti nautima

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Arizona osariigi Phoenixi osa Scottsdale uus Kaasaegse Kunsti Muuseum on kujundatud endisesse kinohoonesse. Efektseimad muutused tehti ehitise välispinnal. Hoone on kaetud hõbedaste galvaniseeritud metallist paneelidega. Lõunaküljel skulptuurjas klaasosa (kunstnik James Fraser). Arhitekt William P. Bruder

  9. Spetsialistõ Pentagona utverzhdajut : Globalnoje poteplenije vedjot k voine / Andrei Moissejenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moissejenko, Andrei

    2004-01-01

    Hiljuti sai USA üldsusele teatavaks kaitseministeeriumi salajane ettekanne "USA rahvusliku julgeoleku strateegia kliima järsu muutumise korral". Prognoosid lähima 25 aasta kohta, muutused kliimas, võimalikud arengud riikidevahelistes suhetes, globaalkonfliktid, sõjad. Arvamust avaldavad akadeemik Vladimir Kotljakov ja professor Sergei Markov

  10. Palgatöötaja brutotulu omavalitsusüksustes = Gross income per employee in local government units / Kristi Lehto, Kaja Sõstra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehto, Kristi

    2006-01-01

    Informatsiooni palgatöötajate keskmise palga ja brutotulu kohta on võimalik saada nii Statistikaametist kui ka Maksu- ja Tolliametist. Kahe allika andmete võrdlus ning saadud tulemuste erinevuse põhjused. Keskmine brutotulu ja selle muutused omavalitsusüksustes aastatel 2002-2005. Tabelid, graafikud, diagrammid

  11. Kullad lennus / Silvia Viidik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viidik, Silvia, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Nafta hind on turul dramaatiliselt langenud, hoolimata tootmise vähendamisest. Kui nafta ja rahaturud enam investeerimiseks kindlust ei anna, pöörduvad pilgud muude väärtuslike toorainete, näiteks kulla, poole. Diagramm: Nafta ja kulla hinna muutus

  12. Maailmas edukas ja koduselt armas Eesti aastal 2018 / Ott Pärna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärna, Ott, 1976-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti seisab küsimuste ees, kuhu ja kuidas edasi. Arengufond on algatanud diskussiooni teemal "Eesti kasvuvisioon 2018", selleks aastaks peavad olema tehtud olulised muutused. Arengufoorumil "Maailmas edukas ja koduselt armas Eesti" tehakse esimene avalik ajurünnak visiooni poole

  13. Külmetav haigekassa / Ain Aaviksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaviksoo, Ain, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on suur oht, et Eesti patsiente ootab ees Läti saatus, kus on 40-50% tervishoiukuludest patsientide endi kanda. Eesti ees seisvaid valikuid analüüsides oleks parim valik ravikindlustuse reservide läbimõeldud kasutuselevõtt, kuid eeldusel, et otsitakse ravikindlustuse rahastamisele pikaajalisi sisulisi lahendusi. Graafik: Haigekassa kulude suhteline muutus

  14. Sajandivahetuse pöörded II : seminar läti ja eesti kirjandusest / Anneli Mihkelev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelev, Anneli

    2007-01-01

    21.-23. mail toimunud eesti ja läti kirjandusteadlaste seminarist pealkirjaga "Turn of the Century, Turns in Literature II : Estonian and Latvian Literatures in European Context at the Beginning of the 20th/21st Centuries" ("Muutused eesti ja läti kirjanduses XX ja XXI sajandi vahetusel")

  15. Regional profile : Estonia - Harju county / Erik Terk, Silja Kurik, Marko Tiirinen...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Ülevaade Harjumaast, ajalooline kujunemine, Harju maakond kui Eesti majanduselu keskus. Harjumaa logistiline potensiaal. Tabelid ja diagrammid: demograafilisi andmeid Harju maakonna kohta; tööhõive muutused Harjumaal 1992-1998; turism 1994-1998; tööpuudus ja tööturg 1991-1999; majanduslikud näitajad

  16. The aftermath of the Soviet occupation in Estonia / Liisi Bucht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bucht, Liisi

    2000-01-01

    Autor teeb kokkuvõtte Teise maailmasõja ja Nõukogude okupatsiooni järelmõjudest: ühiskonnas toimusid demograafilised muutused, Eesti majanduslik areng seiskus, intelligents ja ettevõtlikum osa rahvast hävitati või pages välismaale

  17. Estonia : [2011] / Allan Sikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sikk, Allan, 1975-

    2012-01-01

    Ülevaade Eesti poliitika olulisematest sündmustest 2011. aastal, mille hulgas on nii Riigikogu kui ka presidendi valimised, märgitakse skandaali ja korruptsiooni seoses viisavaba liikumise võimaldamisega Shengeni viisaruumis, muutused põhiseaduses seoses Kaitsejõudude ülemjuhataja koha kaotamisega

  18. Turundus peab tantsima tarbija tujude järgi / Anne Tuurand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuurand, Anne

    2000-01-01

    Kuidas mõjutavad ühiskonnas toimuvad muutused tarbimist ja turundust. Uudistoodete omaksvõtt ja omaksvõtjate erinevused. Turundusstrateegia sõltuvus tarbijakäitumist kujundavatest teguritest. Artikli kirjutamise alus: W.L. Wilkie "Consumer Behavior", 1990

  19. Keskmine majanduskrahh kestab kolm ja pool aastat / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Harvardi majandusprofessorite Robert Barro ja Jose F. Ursua uuringust "Makromajanduskriisid pärast 1870. aastat", mille põhjal on majanduskrahhide tõenäosus umbes 3,6% ehk kord 25 aasta jooksul, nende keskmine kestus 3,5 aastat. Diagramm: Eratarbimise muutused kriiside vältel

  20. Euroopa Liit ja Eesti erakonnad / Ramon Loik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loik, Ramon

    2005-01-01

    Autor arutleb, millised muutused on toimumas lähiajal Eesti erakondadega seoses Eesti liitumisega Euroopa Liiduga ja nendib, et juba praegu võib täheldada Eesti erakondade järkjärgulist üleminekut senistelt isikupõhistelt koalitsioonidelt suurema ideoloogilise konsolideerumise suunas

  1. Kuupäev ja ajastu / David Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, David, 1949-

    2009-01-01

    11. septembri sündmustest. Mentaliteeti ja inimsuhteid kardinaalselt muutvad sündmused ei leia aset mitte kindlatel kuupäevadel, vaid kümnete ja mõnikord isegi sadade aastate jooksul. Oluline põhimõtteline muutus toimus 19. sajandi lõpus kui tapmise ainsaks "mõistlikuks" põhjenduseks sai ideoloogia

  2. Andmekaitsemäärus - mis see on ja mida tähele panna? / Maarja Heinsoo, Märten Padu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinsoo, Maarja

    2016-01-01

    2016. aasta kevadel vastu võetud Euroopa Liidu isikuandmete kaitse üldmäärusest (General Data Protection Regulation), mis toob kaasa viimase kahekümne aasta suurima muutuse isikuandmete kaitse valdkonna reguleerimises. Rakendub alates 2018. aasta kevadest

  3. Juhan Parts : kasvu nimel tuleb kõvasti pingutada / Juhan Parts ; interv. Frank Sprenk-Dorn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister vastab küsimustele, mis olid tema arvates möödunud aastal Eesti majandust kõige enam mõjutanud sündmused ja mis muutused majanduses jäid möödunud aasta jooksul kõige enam silma nii negatiivse kui ka positiivse poole pealt

  4. Horvaatia eurokõnelused tekitavad kahtlusi ÜRO tribunali sõltumatuses / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Arvatakse, et Haagi sõjakuritegude tribunali peasüüdistajale Carla del Pontele avaldati tugevat survet, et tema hinnang Horvaatia kaastööle sõjakuritegudes süüdistatava kindral Ante Gotovina otsimisel muutus paari päeva jooksul positiivseks. Del Ponte eitab surve avaldamist. Lisa: Haagi tribunal jahib ajakirjanikku

  5. Kaevandajad suunduvad dieedile / Romet Kreek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Kaevandusettevõtte Rio Tinto teatas 14 000 töötaja koondamisest ja kapitalikulutuste kärpimisest. Mäetööstuse ja kaevandajate aktsiad kukuvad. Diagrammid: Käibe ja kasumi muutus % 2009 võrreldes 2008; Hinnad pennides. Tabel: BHP aktsia Londoni börsil konkurentidest vähem kukkunud

  6. TEO LT hakkab kaotama atraktiivsust / Romet Kreek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Autori sõnul on Leedu telekomiettevõtte TEO LT puhul raske oodata, et käive ja kasum kasvaksid, parimal juhul on need stabiilsed. Osalt on selle põhjuseks tehnoloogilised muutused, osalt suuromaniku poliitika. TEO LT I kvartali majandusnäitajatest

  7. Piirid jälle segi löödud / Liisa Kaljula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljula, Liisa, 1982-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Kurg, Andres. Boundary disruptions: Late-Soviet transformations in art, space and subjectivity in Tallinn 1968–1979 = [Segilöödud piirid: hilisnõukogude muutused kunstis, ruumis ja subjektsuses Tallinnas aastatel 1968-1979]. Tallinn : Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, 2014

  8. Natshalsja "Lasnamjaeski bal" / Aljona Surzhikova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suržikova, Aljona, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    9. septembril algasid filmi "Lasnamäe ball" võtted. Mati Undi 30 aastat tagasi kirjutatud loo "Sügisball" toimumispaik on Mustamäelt toodud tänapäeva Lasnamäele. Sellest ka filmi nime muutus. Filmist

  9. Hurricane season: Systems of instability in Central and Eastern European party politics / Tim Haughton, Kevin Deegan-Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haughton, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopas (sh. Eesti) aset leidnud kiireid poliitilisi arenguid, millega on kaasas käinud muutused parteisüsteemides. Pakutakse välja uus kontseptuaalne mudel, mis aitab neid muutusi seletada.

  10. Plasticity of Select Primary Afferent Projections to the Dorsal Horn after a Lumbosacral Ventral Root Avulsion Injury and Root Replantation in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison J. Bigbee

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Injuries to the conus medullaris and cauda equina portions of the spinal cord result in neurological impairments, including paralysis, autonomic dysfunction, and pain. In experimental studies, earlier investigations have shown that a lumbosacral ventral root avulsion (VRA injury results in allodynia, which may be ameliorated by surgical replantation of the avulsed ventral roots. Here, we investigated the long-term effects of an L6 + S1 VRA injury on the plasticity of three populations of afferent projections to the dorsal horn in rats. At 8 weeks after a unilateral L6 + S1 VRA injury, quantitative morphological studies of the adjacent L5 dorsal horn showed reduced immunoreactivity (IR for the vesicular glutamate transporter, VGLUT1 and isolectin B4 (IB4 binding, whereas IR for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP was unchanged. The IR for VGLUT1 and CGRP as well as IB4 binding was at control levels in the L5 dorsal horn at 8 weeks following an acute surgical replantation of the avulsed L6 + S1 ventral roots. Quantitative morphological studies of the L5 dorsal root ganglia (DRGs showed unchanged neuronal numbers for both the VRA and replanted series compared to shams. The portions of L5 DRG neurons expressing IR for VGLUT1 and CGRP, and IB4 binding were also the same between the VRA, replanted, and sham-operated groups. We conclude that the L5 dorsal horn shows selective plasticity for VGLUT1 and IB4 primary afferent projections after an L6 + S1 VRA injury and surgical repair.

  11. 5 CFR 316.302 - Selection of term employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... appointments not excepted VRA appointments and do not lead to conversion to career-conditional appointment; (3) Career-conditional appointment under § 315.601, 315.604, 315.605, 315.606, 315.607, 315.608, 315.609, 315... Accounting Office; (6) Appointment under 28 U.S.C. 602 for current and former employees of the Administrative...

  12. 5 CFR 316.402 - Procedures for making temporary appointments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... appointments. Such appointments are not VRA appointments and do not lead to conversion to career-conditional appointment; (3) Career-conditional appointment under § 315.601, 315.604, 315.605, 315.606, 315.607, 315.608... the General Accounting Office; (6) Appointment under 28 U.S.C. 602 for current and former employees of...

  13. 77 FR 12553 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Sunshine Act Meetings AGENCY: United States Commission on Civil Rights... Discussion of Projects: VRA Statutory Enforcement Report Update Human Trafficking Briefing Update Immigration... Discussion on Agency Staffing V. State Advisory Committee Issues: Review of two Hawaii SAC applicants Re...

  14. Determination of binding affinities of some approved drugs to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ascaris MRFR was obtained as pdb file (3vra) from the Protein Data Bank and further prepared for docking simulations using both Chimera v. 1.8.1 and AutoDock tools v. 1.5.6. In order to validate the docking protocol, the binding of atpenin, an experimental anthelmintic compound, to MRFR was successfully reproduced in ...

  15. Uit genade alleen? Herbesinning oor die Romeinebrief deur Suid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die kritiek (verwyt!) dat hierdie benadering agter- haald is, word ondervang deurdat sy analise, sintese en toepassing verder ook nog vanuit die perspektief van die retoriese situasie van Romeine (bl 17v) benader is. Met behulp van 'n literêr-kritiese paradigma van verstaan van die Romeinebrief vra hy die belangrike vraag ...

  16. 78 FR 78329 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... Restoration Plan (ERP) or to create an ERP. The VRA is utilized to identify specific assets and infrastructure... additional mitigating procedures, if necessary. The ERP provides written procedures detailing response and... annual exercise of the ERP ensures operability and employee competency and serves to identify and correct...

  17. die teologiese en morele regverdig- ing van apartheid en 'n status ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    teologiese en morele regverdiging van apartheid 'n status confessionis daarstel. Veral die Afrikaanse gereformeerde kerke sou in dié verband onder skoot kom. Die vrae wat hierdie stuk vra is: Wanneer bereik die kerk die punt waar hy 'n status confessionis verklaar? Hoe het die WBGK en die GES hierdie saak hanteer en ...

  18. International Metadata Initiatives: Lessons in Bibliographic Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caplan, Priscilla

    This paper looks at a subset of metadata schemes, including the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) header, the Encoded Archival Description (EAD), the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DCMES), and the Visual Resources Association (VRA) Core Categories for visual resources. It examines why they developed as they did, major point of difference from…

  19. ontwikkeling van die gemenereg in die lig van artikels 39(2)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    'n Mens kan met reg vra of die ius connubiorum van Brouwer en die Law of. Husband and Wife van ... AD 560 (Geheime Raad) 563. 5 Sien vir besonderhede Hahlo en Kahn SA Legal System and its Background 304. ..... Die Franse chemikus, Antoine Lavoisier, is in 1794 tydens die Franse revolusie tereggestel. Terwyl die ...

  20. 5 CFR 307.104 - Treatment of individuals serving under VRAs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS VETERANS RECRUITMENT APPOINTMENTS § 307.104 Treatment of individuals serving under VRAs. (a... service employees, may be reassigned, promoted, demoted, or transferred in accordance with the provisions... disqualifies a person for a VRA. (d) The Veterans Recruitment Appointment date for a recently separated veteran...

  1. Visual reinforcement audiometry: an Adobe Flash based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atherton, Steve

    2010-09-01

    Visual Reinforcement Audiometry (VRA) is a key behavioural test for young children. It is central to the diagnosis of hearing-impaired infants (1) . Habituation to the visual reinforcement can give misleading results. Medical Illustration ABM University Health Board has designed a collection of Flash animations to overcome this.

  2. Genetic pathway in acquisition and loss of vancomycin resistance in a methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA strain of clonal type USA300.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Gardete

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available An isolate of the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA clone USA300 with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin (SG-R (i.e, vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus, VISA and its susceptible "parental" strain (SG-S were recovered from a patient at the end and at the beginning of an unsuccessful vancomycin therapy. The VISA phenotype was unstable in vitro generating a susceptible revertant strain (SG-rev. The availability of these 3 isogenic strains allowed us to explore genetic correlates of antibiotic resistance as it emerged in vivo. Compared to the susceptible isolate, both the VISA and revertant strains carried the same point mutations in yycH, vraG, yvqF and lspA genes and a substantial deletion within an intergenic region. The revertant strain carried a single additional frameshift mutation in vraS which is part of two component regulatory system VraSR. VISA isolate SG-R showed complex alterations in phenotype: decreased susceptibility to other antibiotics, slow autolysis, abnormal cell division and increased thickness of cell wall. There was also altered expression of 239 genes including down-regulation of major virulence determinants. All phenotypic properties and gene expression profile returned to parental levels in the revertant strain. Introduction of wild type yvqF on a multicopy plasmid into the VISA strain caused loss of resistance along with loss of all the associated phenotypic changes. Introduction of the wild type vraSR into the revertant strain caused recovery of VISA type resistance. The yvqF/vraSR operon seems to function as an on/off switch: mutation in yvqF in strain SG-R turns on the vraSR system, which leads to increase in vancomycin resistance and down-regulation of virulence determinants. Mutation in vraS in the revertant strain turns off this regulatory system accompanied by loss of resistance and normal expression of virulence genes. Down-regulation of virulence genes may provide VISA strains with a "stealth

  3. Metoodika lapse emotsionaalse väärkohtlemise hindamiseks institutsionaalses keskkonnas / Triin Edovald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Edovald, Triin

    2001-01-01

    Uurimusest, mille eesmärgiks oli lapse emotsionaalse väärkohtlemise hindamise metoodika kohandamine lastekodu tingimustele. Uurimus viidi läbi ühes Tartu lastekodus, intervjueerides kuut kasvatajat ja vaadeldes kuue lastekodulapse ja tema usalduskasvataja vahelist suhtlemist ja tegevust eesmärgiga sisse viia võimalikud täpsustused ja muutused emotsionaalse väärkohtlemise hindamise metoodikasse kohandades seda lastekodu tingimustele

  4. Tööelu Eesti üleminekuühiskonnas Saku Õlletehase kontoritöötajate näitel / Agnes Aljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aljas, Agnes

    2007-01-01

    1990. aastatel Eestis toimunud süsteemsed ühiskondliku ja majanduskeskkonna muutused ning järgnev areng mõjutasid igaühe argielu, sealhulgas tööelu. Artikkel põhineb Turu Ülikoolis kaitstud magistritööl, mis käsitleb Saku õlletööstuse kontoritöötajate töömaailmas aastatel 1990-2000 toimunud muutusi

  5. Maailma väliskaubanduse ja teeninduse areng / Lembo Tanning

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanning, Lembo

    2002-01-01

    Järg nr. 8 lk. 52-54. Ülevaade maailmakaubanduse ja -teeninduse arengust regiooniti ja tähtsamate riikide kaupa. Tabelid: maailma kaupade ja kommertsteenuste eksport 1997-2001; kaubandusmahud, kommertsteenuste mahud ja nende muutused regioonide järgi; maailma eksportööride top 10, 2001; maailma kaubanduse eksportööride ja importööride edetabel 2000-2001

  6. Does timbre affect pitch?: Estimations by musicians and non-musicians / Allan Vurma, Marju Raju, Annika Kuuda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vurma, Allan, 1955-

    2011-01-01

    Muusikutel ja mittemuusikutel lasti kuulata lindilt inimhääle, vioola ja trompetihelisid ning hinnata järgmisena kõlanud helikatket võrreldes eelmisega kas "madalaks", "kõrgeks" või "hääles". Leiti, et tämbrist mõjutatud helikõrguse muutused võivad tekitada konflikti subjektiivse tunnetamise ja fundamentaalsel võnkesagedusel põhineva heli hindamise vahel

  7. De-internationalization motives : a theoretical framework / Ele Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Ele, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Artiklis on välja toodud neli de-internatsionaliseerumise motiivide gruppi: rahvusvahelistel turgudel tegutsemise kogemuste puudus; strateegia muutus; ebarahuldavad tegevustulemused või kulude kasv ja muud põhjused. Autori arvates on väga oluline Eesti ettevõtete praeguste kogemuste uurimine, et ära hoida läbikukkumisi ja vajadusel töötada välja toetusmeetmed. Tabel. Skeemid

  8. Estonia and the Lisbon Strategy : what challenges lie ahead? / Tarmo Kalvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvet, Tarmo, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti majanduse konkurentsivõime parandamiseks on vajalik teadus- ja arendustegevus tööstusettevõtetes. Näitena Eesti infotehnoloogia- ja tarkvaratööstus. Diagrammid: Lisandväärtuse osa muutus tööstussektorites 1994-2001; Tootmise tehnoloogilise arengu klasteranalüüs tööstusriikides ja üleminekumajanduses. Tabelid: Tootmine IT sektorites 1992-2002; Tootlus ühe töötaja kohta

  9. Kagu-Eesti töötus näitab kasvutendentsi / Simo Meinert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meinert, Simo

    1994-01-01

    Joonis: 1. Eestis töötud hõiverühmiti 1994.a. 1. juuli seisuga; 2. Vabad töökohad Eestis hõiverühmiti 1994.a. 1. aug. seisuga; 3. Vabade töökohtade muutus Eestis hõiverühmiti 1994.a. 1. aug. seisuga. Tabel: Töötute jaotumine eelneva hõiveala järgi 1994.a. 1. juuli seisuga

  10. Severstaltrans muutub Eesti kütuse- ja transiidiäri valitsejaks / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 10. nov. lk. 6. Venemaa transiidihiid Severstaltrans omandas AS-i E.O.S. enamusosaluse. Diagramm: E.O.S.-i majandustulemused. Lisad: Vana E.O.S. muutus uueks E.O.S.-iks; Eelmine omanikuvahetus jättis E.O.S.-i omaniku samaks; Severstal on tõeline Venemaa tööstushiid

  11. Üldised arengud Eesti tööturul = General developments in the Estonian labour market / Raul Eamets, Margus Tuvikene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eamets, Raul, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Kuni 2000. aastani iseloomustas Eesti tööturgu pidev hõive langus ja tööpuuduse kasv, seejärel olukord stabiliseerus ning suuremad siirdeprotsessist põhjustatud struktuursed muutused on nüüdseks läbi. Tööjõus osalemine, hõivetrendid, töötus ja tööjõu mobiilsus. Tabelid. Skeem. Graafikud. Diagrammid

  12. Kas palgaralli selgroog murdub 2008. aastal? / Vello Kutsar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kutsar, Vello

    2008-01-01

    Joonis 1: Keskmine brutokuupalk maakonniti 2002. ja 2007. a. IV kvartalis (kr.) ja kasv kordades; Joonis 2: Keskmise brutokuupalga ja tarbijahinnaindeksi muut Eestis aastatel 2001-2007; Tabel 1: Keskmine brutokuupalk tegevusalade lõikes IV kv. aastatel 2002, 2006 ja 2007 (kr.) ja 2007. kasv 2002. ja 2006. a. suhtes (%); Tabel 2: Tarbijahinnaindeksi muutus, võrreldes eelmise aastaga (%); Tabel 3: Tarbijahinnaindeks kuude lõikes 2006-2007

  13. Parmas diskuteeriti sotsiaaltöö tuleviku üle / Marju Medar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Medar, Marju, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    15.-17. märtsil toimus Itaalias Parmas rahvusvaheline sotsiaaltöötajate konverents "Sotsiaalne muutus ja sotsiaalsed elukutsed", kus käsitleti sotsiaalseid muutusi ühiskonnas ja sotsiaaltöö elukutses. Vt. samas lk. 55-56: IFSW (Rahvusvaheline sotsiaaltöötajate föderatsioon - International Federation of Social Workers) Europe presidendi Hans van Ewijk ülevaade konverentsil käsitletud teemadest

  14. Mis on mee sees? / Liisa Puusepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusepp, Liisa, 1980-

    2017-01-01

    Õietolmuanalüüsi kasutuselevõtust meetodina möödub tänavu 100 aastat. Õietolmuanalüüsiga saab kindlaks määrata, mis taimede õietolmuterad mees leiduvad ning korjeala. Tallinna Ülikooli ökoloogia keskuses rakendatakse õietolmuanalüüsi eelkõige mineviku taimkatte struktuuri, maakasutuse muutuse ja maastiku avatuse rekonstrueerimiseks, lisaks tehakse ka mee õietolmuanalüüsi

  15. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali tegevuspreemia 2014 = The Endowment for architecture's prize for activity in the field of architecture 2014 / Epp Lankots, Andres Kurg ; kommenteerinud Ignar Fjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali tegevuspreemia 2014: Epp Lankotsa doktoriväitekiri "Moodsa arhitektuuri kriitiline historiograafia. Modernsuse käsitlused Leo Gensi ja Leonhard Lapini arhitektuuriajaloolistes tekstides 1960.-1980. aastail"; Andres Kure doktoriväitekiri ""Boundary disruptions: late-soviet transformations in art, space and subjectivity in Tallinn 1968-1979" ("Segilöödud piirid, hilisnõukogude muutused kunstis, ruumis ja subjektsuses Tallinnas aastatel 1968-1979")

  16. [Amendment of the structural quality for inpatient rheumatology. A forward-looking concept].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakomek, H-J; Braun, J; Gromnica-Ihle, E; Fiehn, C; Claus, S; Specker, C; Jung, J; Krause, A; Lorenz, H-M; Robbers, J

    2011-09-01

    In 2010 a total of 9 guidelines on structural quality were endorsed by the Association of Rheumatology Clinics in Germany (VRA). These 9 structural criteria replace the regulations published in 2002 and were elaborated with the support of the German Rheumatology League. With guideline number 9 even the structural requirements for university hospitals are defined for the first time.Along with taking part in the quality project "Kobra" (continuous outcome benchmarking in rheumatology inpatient treatment) compliance with the new structural criteria constitutes a prerequisite for acquiring a quality certificate, which is awarded by an external institution.By this means the VRA sets the stage for its members to be prepared for future challenges and quality competition among hospitals. Furthermore, the provision of a high quality treatment for chronically diseased patients in rheumatology clinics will be effectively supported.

  17. Fifteen different {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT qualitative and quantitative parameters investigated as pathological response predictors of locally advanced rectal cancer treated by neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maffione, Anna Margherita [Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Nuclear Medicine Department, PET Unit, Rovigo (Italy); Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, SOC Medicina Nucleare, Rovigo (Italy); Ferretti, Alice [Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Nuclear Medicine Department, PET Unit, Rovigo (Italy); Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Medical Physics Department, Rovigo (Italy); Grassetto, Gaia; Chondrogiannis, Sotirios; Marzola, Maria Cristina; Rampin, Lucia; Bondesan, Claudia; Rubello, Domenico [Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Nuclear Medicine Department, PET Unit, Rovigo (Italy); Bellan, Elena; Gava, Marcello [Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Medical Physics Department, Rovigo (Italy); Capirci, Carlo [Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Radiotherapy Department, Rovigo (Italy); Colletti, Patrick M. [University of Southern California, Department of Radiology, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2013-06-15

    The aim of this study was to correlate qualitative visual response and various PET quantification factors with the tumour regression grade (TRG) classification of pathological response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) proposed by Mandard. Included in this retrospective study were 69 consecutive patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). FDG PET/CT scans were performed at staging and after CRT (mean 6.7 weeks). Tumour SUVmax and its related arithmetic and percentage decrease (response index, RI) were calculated. Qualitative analysis was performed by visual response assessment (VRA), PERCIST 1.0 and response cut-off classification based on a new definition of residual disease. Metabolic tumour volume (MTV) was calculated using a 40 % SUVmax threshold, and the total lesion glycolysis (TLG) both before and after CRT and their arithmetic and percentage change were also calculated. We split the patients into responders (TRG 1 or 2) and nonresponders (TRG 3-5). SUVmax MTV and TLG after CRT, RI, {Delta}MTV% and {Delta}TLG% parameters were significantly correlated with pathological treatment response (p < 0.01) with a ROC curve cut-off values of 5.1, 2.1 cm{sup 3}, 23.4 cm{sup 3}, 61.8 %, 81.4 % and 94.2 %, respectively. SUVmax after CRT had the highest ROC AUC (0.846), with a sensitivity of 86 % and a specificity of 80 %. VRA and response cut-off classification were also significantly predictive of TRG response (VRA with the best accuracy: sensitivity 86 % and specificity 55 %). In contrast, assessment using PERCIST was not significantly correlated with TRG. FDG PET/CT can accurately stratify patients with LARC preoperatively, independently of the method chosen to interpret the images. Among many PET parameters, some of which are not immediately obtainable, the most commonly used in clinical practice (SUVmax after CRT and VRA) showed the best accuracy in predicting TRG. (orig.)

  18. Fifteen different 18F-FDG PET/CT qualitative and quantitative parameters investigated as pathological response predictors of locally advanced rectal cancer treated by neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maffione, Anna Margherita; Ferretti, Alice; Grassetto, Gaia; Chondrogiannis, Sotirios; Marzola, Maria Cristina; Rampin, Lucia; Bondesan, Claudia; Rubello, Domenico; Bellan, Elena; Gava, Marcello; Capirci, Carlo; Colletti, Patrick M.

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to correlate qualitative visual response and various PET quantification factors with the tumour regression grade (TRG) classification of pathological response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) proposed by Mandard. Included in this retrospective study were 69 consecutive patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). FDG PET/CT scans were performed at staging and after CRT (mean 6.7 weeks). Tumour SUVmax and its related arithmetic and percentage decrease (response index, RI) were calculated. Qualitative analysis was performed by visual response assessment (VRA), PERCIST 1.0 and response cut-off classification based on a new definition of residual disease. Metabolic tumour volume (MTV) was calculated using a 40 % SUVmax threshold, and the total lesion glycolysis (TLG) both before and after CRT and their arithmetic and percentage change were also calculated. We split the patients into responders (TRG 1 or 2) and nonresponders (TRG 3-5). SUVmax MTV and TLG after CRT, RI, ΔMTV% and ΔTLG% parameters were significantly correlated with pathological treatment response (p 3 , 23.4 cm 3 , 61.8 %, 81.4 % and 94.2 %, respectively. SUVmax after CRT had the highest ROC AUC (0.846), with a sensitivity of 86 % and a specificity of 80 %. VRA and response cut-off classification were also significantly predictive of TRG response (VRA with the best accuracy: sensitivity 86 % and specificity 55 %). In contrast, assessment using PERCIST was not significantly correlated with TRG. FDG PET/CT can accurately stratify patients with LARC preoperatively, independently of the method chosen to interpret the images. Among many PET parameters, some of which are not immediately obtainable, the most commonly used in clinical practice (SUVmax after CRT and VRA) showed the best accuracy in predicting TRG. (orig.)

  19. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) levels in transformer oils from selected transformers in sensitive areas in the Greater Accra Region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buah-Kwofie, A.

    2009-02-01

    Knowledge of PCBs and the adverse effects on humans and the environment have been assessed among Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) staff members, Volta River Authority (VRA) staff members and the general public. Evidence obtained shows that, Staff members of the technical departments of ECG/VRA (71.4 %) as well as a few welders (16.7 %) have come in contact with the transformer oil that may possibly contain PCBs. About fifty six percent (55.6 %) of the ECG/VRA staff members do not wear any protective gears when working on these transformers thus exposing themselves to PCBs. About twenty seven percent (27.3 %) of the management staff members of ECG/VRA are not aware of the adverse health effects caused by PCBs. Using PCB test kits (CLOR-N-OIL) developed by Dexsil Company of USA, 17 out of the 80 transformers screened for PCB contaminated oils, tested positive as containing PCBs levels greater than 50 ppm. Neutron Activation Analysis and gamma ray spectroscopy using Canberra HPGe detector coupled to MAESTRO 32 software has been used to determine the total chlorine content in 22 of the transformer oil samples screened using the test kits, including the 17 samples that tested positive using the test kits. The total chlorine content measured in the transformer oils that tested positive by the test kit was in the range of 71.34 ± 8.63 with 6 - 7.5 % accuracy. This being deduced that using NAA, total chlorine greater than 71.34 ppm is an indication of PCB contamination. NAA thus provides a faster and efficient way of analyzing transformer oil samples for possible PCB contamination

  20. Krakatit Karla Čapka a Otakara Vávry

    OpenAIRE

    Fischerová, Simona

    2014-01-01

    This thesis emphasize on the analysis of the Karel Čapek's novel "Krakatit" and its film adaptation directed by Otakar Vávra. The first part concentrates on some basic adaptation principals which comes from the relevant contemporary literature. In the next chapter the thesis focuses on problematics of the intermediary transcription and it highlights some issues of such adaptation (for example how to present an introspection). The theoretically oriented part of the thesis is completed by stati...

  1. Manipulace s dějinami v historických filmech Otakara Vávry se zaměřením na trilogii Dny zrady, Sokolovo a Osvobození Prahy

    OpenAIRE

    Hodura, Pavel

    2017-01-01

    This thesis deals with the manipulation of history in the historical film trilogy Dny zrady, Sokolovo and Osvobození Prahy, directed by Otakar Vávra. This thesis tries to define, on the basis of a comparation of historiographical works of the communist and modern historiography, the amount of historical distortion presented in these films. The normalization regime endeavoured to revise the historical knowledge of the second half of the 60s and to resume the tendencies of the communist regime ...

  2. Selected monitoring properties of agricultural soil from the Imielin experimental site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Radziemska

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The effects of two types of agricultural practice: (1 Variable Rate Application (VRA and (2 uniform (UNI N dose on selected chemical properties of soil were compared in a field fertilization experiment. Nitrogen, in doses 60 or 80 kgN.ha-1 (UNI, and 55-105 kgN.ha-1 (VRA was applied to soil farmed with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.. The research was conducted in the 2012/2013 growing season in Poland on 22 ha of production fields located in the Imielin countryside (central Poland. The soil samples were taken from three depths: 0.0-0.3 m, 0.3-0.6 m, and 0.6-0.9 m, and the pH, HAC, TEB, CEC, and BS were determined. The application of the nitrogen fertilizer in the two types of agricultural practice - Variable Rate Application (VRA and uniform (UNI N dose modified the basic physical and chemical properties of soil. The highest values of pH and hydrolytic acidity were observed at the soil depth of 0.6-0.9 m after the first rate of nitrogen fertilizer was applied. Cation exchange capacity of soils collected after uniform nitrogen rates were characterized by values decreasing with the increasing depth of the soil profile.

  3. Graafikakiri Krakowist / Anne Untera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Untera, Anne, 1951-

    2006-01-01

    Krakowi graafikatriennaalist, mis tähistab tänavu 40. aastapäeva. 1991. aastast muutus graafikabiennaali rütm kolmeaastaseks - triennaaliks. Ühe kümnest võrdsest preemiast pälvis Evi Tihemets töödega "Pühendus (Leib)" ja "Pühendus (Pirnid)". Grand prix' - Ingrid Ledent. Virge Jõekalda, Marje Üksise, Ülle Marksi, Jüri Kassi, Davida Kiddi ja Basil Colin Franki töödest triennaalil. Torunis kutsutud osalejatega näitusel "Värv graafikas" osalevad Eestist Benjamin Vasserman ja Virge Jõekalda

  4. Tuntud tegijatelt tuntud headuses / Ado Eigi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eigi, Ado, 1938-2008

    1998-01-01

    Neljatoalise korteri ümberehitus, mille tulemusena sai esik juurde seinakapi, tekkis majapidamisruum, sauna eesruum, kujunes otseühendus sauna ning dushiruumi vahel. Endine söögituba poolitati kaheks lastetoaks. Voolava ruumi põhimõttel lahendatud korteris markeerib ruumifunktsiooni üleminekut vaid põrandamaterjali muutus köögi ja elutoa vahel, esiku allalastud lagi. Köögi- ja lastetoa mööbel ning esikukapi uksed Perfetto Stuudiost, elutoa- ja magamistoa mööbel Inspirast. Tualettlaud valmistati ASs Disket korteri kujundajate Argo ja Katrin Vaikla jooniste järgi

  5. Ühe poliitilise doktriini konstruktsioon: õiguslik järjepidevus Eesti taasiseseisvumispoliitikas / Vello Pettai

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pettai, Vello, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Autor analüüsib, lähtudes sotsiaalse liikumise teooriast, kuidas muutus õigusliku järjepidevuse põhimõte ja doktriin Eestis domineerivaks, miks ta kogus aastatel 1988-1991 nii suure hulga rahva toetuse ning suutis konkureerida Rahvarinde mõõdukuse-doktriiniga. Iseloomulikke tsitaate õigusliku järjepidevuse teemal Eesti Rahvusliku Sõltumatuse Partei ja Kodanike Komiteede juhtide sõnavõttudest. Skeemid: Sotsiaalse liikumise poliitilise mõju protsess; Sotsiaalse liikumise "raamistamise" (framing) protsess; Sotsiaalse liikumise "raamistamise" poliitilise mõju protsess; Kodanike Komiteede kollektiivse tegevuse raam ja poliitilise mõju protsess

  6. Euroliit pakub noortele võimalusi / Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikko, Marianne, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik, 5. jaan. 2005, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 5. jaan. 2005, lk. 2; Lääne Elu, 6. jaan. 2005, lk. 2; Nädaline, 6. jaan. 2005, lk. 2; Vali Uudised, 7. jaan. 2005, lk. 2; Türi Rahvaleht, 7. jaan. 2005, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 8. jaan. 2005, lk. 2; Koit, 8. jaan. 2005, lk. 6; Elva Postipoiss, 8. jaan. 2005, lk. 4; Hiiu Leht, 11. jaan. 2005, lk. 2. Euroopa Parlamendi kultuurikomisjoni liige annab lühiülevaate sellest, mis muutus Eesti hariduselus ja millised uued võimalused avanesid meie noortele ühinemisel Euroopa Liiduga

  7. Koalitsioon muutis töövaidluste lahendamise töötajale vaenulikumaks / Kadi Pärnits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärnits, Kadi, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    Töövaidluste lahendamise uuest korrast. Sama ka Harjumaa 23. sept. 2005, lk. 2 ; Nädaline 22. sept. 2005, lk. 4 ; Vali Uudised 23. sept. 2005, lk. 2 ; Põhjarannik 23. sept. 2005, lk. 2, artiklis pealkiri kujul: Töövaidluste lahendamine muutus töötajale ebasoodsamaks ; Hiiu Leht 27. sept. 2005, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Nädalaleht 23. sept. 2005, lk. 5 ; Koit 24. sept. 2005, lk.6, artiklis pealkiri kujul: Töötajate õigused vähenevad taas ; Meie Maa 1. okt. 2005, lk. 2

  8. 1889. aasta justiitsseadused - Eesti peaaegu et esimene põhiseadus / Toomas Anepaio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anepaio, Toomas, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    1889. aastal toimus Eestis põhimõtteline muutus - üleminek mitteriiklikult õigusemõistmiselt riiklikule õigusemõistmisele. Võimude lahususest ehk kohtute sõltumatusest. 14. augusti 1881. aasta seadusest ja 12. juuli 1889. aasta seadusest, mis annuleerisid kohtuvõimu sõltumatuse impeeriumis. Balti provintsides 1889. aasta seadus mitte ei algatanud, vaid lõpetas õigusemõistmise täitevvõimust eraldumise protsessi. 1889. aasta justiitsreformi aluseks olnud protsessiseadustik ja kohtukorralduse seadus asendasid tegelikult Eestis põhiseadust

  9. Tempo-spatial analysis of vision-related acupoint specificity in the occipital lobe using fMRI: an ICA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Minghao; Qin, Wei; Sun, Jinbo; Liu, Peng; Yuan, Kai; Liu, Jixin; Zhou, Guangyu; von Deneen, Karen M; Tian, Jie

    2012-02-03

    Functional acupoint specificity is one of the most debated topics in acupuncture neuroimaging research. Conventional studies investigating vision-related acupoint specificity empirically assume that acupuncture-induced hemodynamic response can be defined a priori and thus concentrate on distinguishing the spatial variations of response patterns across acupoints in the occipital lobe. However, evidence suggests that acupuncture-invoked BOLD signal changes are independent of a priori time shape. Additionally, temporal profiles reflect how a stimulus corresponds with the brain, implying the hemodynamic coherence induced by stimulation. Therefore, temporal information carried in acupuncture-related neural activity may be more crucial to specificity issues. This paper initiates the detection into tempo-spatial dimension and the goal of this study is to detect functional acupoint specificity by uniquely comparing the temporal activities of the occipital lobe among vision-related acupoints (VRA) and a non-acupoint (NAP). We utilized the independent component analysis (ICA) to extract temporal patterns of occipital response by stimulating a VRA, i.e. GB37, and a NAP. As an improvement over previous ones, another VRA, i.e., BL60 was employed to consolidate our findings. Results showed that although all groups showed V1 activity in the occipital lobe, dissociable temporal activities in this region categorized GB37 and NAP (r=0.05, p=0.64). This finding was replicable with regard to BL60 and NAP (r=-0.03, p=0.77). Intriguingly, stimulation at two VRAs induced highly correlated temporal activities (p<0.0001). This study adds positive evidence to the issue of vision-related acupoint specificity. The utilization of ICA and consideration of temporal dynamics may shed light on future studies. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. ELEMENTI FANTASTIKE V ROMANIH VLADA ŽABOTA

    OpenAIRE

    Potočnik, Petra

    2016-01-01

    Magistrsko delo z naslovom Elementi fantastike v romanih Vlada Žabota v teoretičnem delu povzema teoretične pojme, na katerih temelji nadaljnja analiza. Fantastično literaturo označujemo kot žanr, v katerega sodijo mnogi podžanri, kot je utopija, antiutopija in za to magistrsko nalogo še posebej pomembna pokrajinska fantastika, ki jo opredeljujejo komponente, kot so prenovljena vloga pripovedovalca, povečana vloga narave, vključenost ljudskih vraž in verovanja ter posebnih pokrajinskih pogoje...

  11. The metadata manual a practical workbook

    CERN Document Server

    Lubas, Rebecca; Schneider, Ingrid

    2013-01-01

    Cultural heritage professionals have high levels of training in metadata. However, the institutions in which they practice often depend on support staff, volunteers, and students in order to function. With limited time and funding for training in metadata creation for digital collections, there are often many questions about metadata without a reliable, direct source for answers. The Metadata Manual provides such a resource, answering basic metadata questions that may appear, and exploring metadata from a beginner's perspective. This title covers metadata basics, XML basics, Dublin Core, VRA C

  12. OCTG outlook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perkins, C.A. Jr.

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports that over the next year, the major trends in the oil field tubular industry are expected to be largely unchanged. Pipe demand will be constrained as drilling continues at moderate levels. There is more than ample domestic pipe manufacturing capacity available to meet this demand. The mills will provide pipe distributors with quick delivery and competitive prices. VRA quotas for steel imports will expire, but foreign pipe mills will not gain market share. Operators should be able to get the pipe they need when they need it, just in time, and at competitive prices. Thus operators will be able to drill with minimum inventory of their own

  13. IZBIRA REŠITVE ZA UPRAVLJANJE ODNOSOV S STRANKAMI NA PRIMERU ŠTAJERSKEGA TEHNOLOŠKEGA PARKA

    OpenAIRE

    Šumandl Kostov, Tea

    2015-01-01

    V poslovnem svetu je že dolgo znano, da so kupci jedro posla ter da uspeh podjetja temelji na učinkovitem upravljanju odnosov z njimi. Vsi cilji so osredotočeni na zadovoljevanje strank, tako da se te rade vračajo. Pogosto pa ti cilji predstavljajo oviro za podjetja, ki nimajo ustreznih orodij, opreme in metod. V današnjem času tehnologija podjetjem ponuja sisteme, ki zaposlenim omogočajo, da hitro pridobijo vse podatke o strankah. Ta koncept se imenuje upravljanje odnosov s strankami (v nada...

  14. Položaj nacionalnih i vjerskih manjina u Bosni i Hercegovini

    OpenAIRE

    Kukić, Slavo

    2002-01-01

    Autor analizira rezultate empirijskog istraživanja “Položaj nacionalnih i vjerskih manjina u Bosni i Hercegovini”. Istraživanje je pokazalo da se u svoje predratne domove najsporije vraćaju građani srpske nacionalnosti. Spremnost na povratak iskazuje preko sedamdeset posto građana BiH. Što se tiče ljudskih prava, preko polovice stanovništva smatra da su u BiH ugrožena temeljna ljudska prava. Autor smatra da je rat doveo do velikih demografskih pokreta stanovništva te je utjecao na radikalno p...

  15. Thioridazine affects transcription of genes involved in cell wall biosynthesis in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Mette; Højland, Dorte Heidi; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2011-01-01

    have previously shown that the expression of some resistance genes is abolished after treatment with thioridazine and oxacillin. To further understand the mechanism underlying the reversal of resistance, we tested the expression of genes involved in antibiotic resistance and cell wall biosynthesis...... in response to thioridazine in combination with oxacillin. We observed that the oxacillin-induced expression of genes belonging to the VraSR regulon is reduced by the addition of thioridazine. The exclusion of such key factors involved in cell wall biosynthesis will most likely lead to a weakened cell wall...... reversal of resistance by thioridazine relies on decreased expression of specific genes involved in cell wall biosynthesis....

  16. Velbloud uchem jehly 1926 a 1936 (filmové adaptace divadelní hry Františka Langera)

    OpenAIRE

    Čížkovská, Jana

    2011-01-01

    This Bachelor thesis focuses on two film adaptations of the play Camel through the eye of a needle by František Langer in Czech cinematography until 1936. These namely are the silent version directed by Karel Lamač, produced in 1926, and the sound version directed by Hugo Haas and Otakar Vávra in 1936. The first part of this work generally describes the original theatre play, its history, structure and developement of the main text. It shows, how successful this play was on Czech, European an...

  17. Mistr Jan Hus a jeho typy filmových postav v díle O. Vávry a J. Svobody

    OpenAIRE

    Gubáš, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Diploma thesis analyzes a movie character of John Hus in Otakar Vávra's film from 1954 and Jiří Svoboda's film from 2015. The aim of the thesis is to discover how the view on this historical person (perceived through the prism of an era and regime in which he was portrayed on the big screen) changed. The introduction of the diploma thesis is focused on John Hus in historical context. The interpretative part examines ideological aspects, stereotypes and their mutual interaction. The thesis use...

  18. Can Precision Agriculture Increase the Profitability and Sustainability of the Production of Potatoes and Olives?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frits K. van Evert

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available For farmers, the application of Precision Agriculture (PA technology is expected to lead to an increase in profitability. For society, PA is expected to lead to increased sustainability. The objective of this paper is to determine for a number of common PA practices how much they increase profitability and sustainability. For potato production in The Netherlands, we considered variable rate application (VRA of soil herbicide, fungicide for late blight control, sidedress N, and haulm killing herbicide. For olive production in Greece, we considered spatially variable application of P and K fertilizer and lime. For each of the above scenarios, we quantified the value of outputs, the cost of inputs, and the environmental costs. This allowed us to calculate profit as well as social profit, where the latter is defined as revenues minus conventional costs minus the external costs of production. Social profit can be considered an overall measure of sustainability. Our calculations show that PA in potatoes increases profit by 21% (420 € ha−1 and social profit by 26%. In olives, VRA application of P, K, and lime leads to a strong reduction in nutrient use and although this leads to an increase in sustainability, it has only a small effect on profit and on social profit. In conclusion, PA increases sustainability in olives and both profitability and sustainability in potatoes.

  19. Nitrogen replenishment using variable rate application technique in a small hand-harvested pear orchard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vatsanidou, A.; Nanos, G.D.; Fountas, S.; Baras, J.; Castrignano, A.; Gemtos, T.A.

    2017-01-01

    Precision agriculture is a management approach for sustainable agriculture. It can be applied even in small fields. It aims to optimize inputs, improve profits, and reduce adverse environmental impacts. In this study, a series of measurements were conducted over three growing seasons to assess variability in a 0.55 ha pear orchard located in central Greece. Soil ECa was measured using EM38 sensor, while soil samples were taken from a grid 17 × 8 m and analysed for texture, pH, P, K, Mg, CaCO3, and organic matter content. Data analysis indicated that most of the nutrients were at sufficient levels. Soil and yield maps showed considerable variability while fruit quality presented small variations across the orchard. Yield fluctuations were observed, possibly due to climatic conditions. Prescription maps were developed for nitrogen variable rate application (VRA) for two years based on the replacement of the nutrients removed by the crop. VRA application resulted in 56% and 50% reduction of N fertiliser compared to uniform application.

  20. Nitrogen replenishment using variable rate application technique in a small hand-harvested pear orchard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vatsanidou, A.; Nanos, G.D.; Fountas, S.; Baras, J.; Castrignano, A.; Gemtos, T.A.

    2017-07-01

    Precision agriculture is a management approach for sustainable agriculture. It can be applied even in small fields. It aims to optimize inputs, improve profits, and reduce adverse environmental impacts. In this study, a series of measurements were conducted over three growing seasons to assess variability in a 0.55 ha pear orchard located in central Greece. Soil ECa was measured using EM38 sensor, while soil samples were taken from a grid 17 × 8 m and analysed for texture, pH, P, K, Mg, CaCO3, and organic matter content. Data analysis indicated that most of the nutrients were at sufficient levels. Soil and yield maps showed considerable variability while fruit quality presented small variations across the orchard. Yield fluctuations were observed, possibly due to climatic conditions. Prescription maps were developed for nitrogen variable rate application (VRA) for two years based on the replacement of the nutrients removed by the crop. VRA application resulted in 56% and 50% reduction of N fertiliser compared to uniform application.

  1. Pengembangan dan Uji Kinerja Mesin Pemupuk Dosis Variabel pada Budidaya Padi Sawah dengan Konsep Presisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pandu Gunawan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper discussed about the development of electronically controlled fertilizer applicator machine based on modified riding type paddy transplanter tractor. The machine had ability to perform variable rate of application dose using urea, phosphor, and NPK compound. The developed variable rate applicator (VRA equipped with digital controlled metering devices so that the dose of application can be given accurately and the amount of application can be change in flexible way according to recommended dose. The machine has 4 unit of metering devices, has 8 application rows, and equipped with pneumatic diffusers. RTK-DGPS was used to monitor the position in the field. Performance test has been done for several parameters, included uniformity of air flow at each diffuser, granular fertilizer spreader pattern, and linearity of actual amount of fertilizer with respect to the commanded dose. Average rate of air flow in each diffuser was 0.0073 m3/s, with 7.23 % CV. Total working width of the machine was about 5 m. Field capacity was about 0.12 ha/hours. The results of the tests on metering dose showed that the develop VRA could spread fertilizer uniformly and gave accurate application dose. The yield result showed that uniformity of unhulled rice production was reached 74.7%.

  2. Results of the speleological exploration on Pešter plateau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nešić Dragan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available During the period 2006-2008, basic speleological research was done on Pešter Plateau in Southwestern Serbia. On that occasion, 40 caves were surveyed, 11 of which were measured in detail. Registered caves were grouped on the basis of landscape characteristics and morphogenetic relations. Based on the location and general characteristics of the Pešter karst, it is considered that the objects near Boljare and in the ponor (sinking area of Boroštica are connected to the drainage system of the Pećina nad Vražjim firovima (Vražiji firovi Cave. In morphological terms, the cave Bezdan Kaćunova ravan (Kaćunova Cave near Boljare with its imposing hall is the most important object on Pešter Plateau for the time being. Realized research on Pešter Plateau has the character of basic or initial speleological research, which should be continued in order to solve different problems of karst in this area.

  3. Nitrogen replenishment using variable rate application technique in a small hand-harvested pear orchard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Vatsanidou

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Precision agriculture is a management approach for sustainable agriculture. It can be applied even in small fields. It aims to optimize inputs, improve profits, and reduce adverse environmental impacts. In this study, a series of measurements were conducted over three growing seasons to assess variability in a 0.55 ha pear orchard located in central Greece. Soil ECa was measured using EM38 sensor, while soil samples were taken from a grid 17 × 8 m and analysed for texture, pH, P, K, Mg, CaCO3, and organic matter content. Data analysis indicated that most of the nutrients were at sufficient levels. Soil and yield maps showed considerable variability while fruit quality presented small variations across the orchard. Yield fluctuations were observed, possibly due to climatic conditions. Prescription maps were developed for nitrogen variable rate application (VRA for two years based on the replacement of the nutrients removed by the crop. VRA application resulted in 56% and 50% reduction of N fertiliser compared to uniform application.

  4. Merko Ehitus - kõige väärtuslikum ehitusfirma / Tiit Efert, Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Efert, Tiit, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Autorid selgitavad, miks õigeaegne finantsinvestorite kaasamine ja börsile minek andis Merko Ehitusele võimaluse kiiresti areneda. Kommenteerib Jaanus Otsa. Vt. samas intervjuud Toomas Annusega.Tabelid ja diagrammid: Merko Ehituse põhinäitajad 1999-2002; E.L.L Kinnisvara bilanss ja põhinäitajad 1998-2001; Merko Ehituse käive 2001 ja 2002; Baltimaade suurimate ehitusfirmade käive 1999-2002; Merko Grupi bilanss ja põhinäitajad 1996-2001; Merko Ehituse aktsia hinna ning börsiindeksi TALSE muutused võrreldes baasperioodiga (27.06.1997). Lisad: Merko Ehituse omanikud; Merko Ehitus laiendab äri.

  5. Magistritööd : [Piret Jamnes jt.] / Maia Kööts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kööts, Maia

    2001-01-01

    20.12.2000 kaitses TPÜ organisatsioonikäitumise magistritööde kaitsmisnõukogu koosolekul Piret Jamnes magistritöö "Trends in Estonian career Counselling in the Light of Societal Transformation and Constructive Framework"; 21.12 TPÜ kasvatusteaduste ja pedagoogika magistritööde kaitsmisnõukogu koosolekul Olesja Šigajeva "Mõningate psühholoogiliste aspektide kasutamine innovatsiooniliste tehnoloogiate õpetamisel"; Sirje Priks "Kutsekooliõpilaste sotsiaalse valmiduse arendamise võimalusi eesti keele ja kirjanduse tundide kaudu". 9.01.2001 TPÜ demograafia magistritööde kaitsmisnõukogu koosolekul Enel Pungas "Siserändevoogude vanuskäsitlus : Eesti Pere- ja sündimusuuringu andmetel". 11.01 TPÜ sotsioloogia magistritööde kaitsmisnõukogu koosolekul Virve-Ines Laidmäe "Muutused eestimaalaste tervisehinnangutes ja -käitumises 1990. aastatel"

  6. "Kuis sa nii võimsalt tuled minu üle..." : [luuletused] / Marie Under

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Under, Marie, 1883-1980

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: "Kuis sa nii võimsalt tuled minu üle..." ; Sügesemaru ; Talvel ; Sinine terrass ; Õnne ootel ; Ekstaas ; Unistus ; Üllatus ; Ehtides ; Ma armastan su armastust ; Valge värav ; Meeletus ; On siiski kurb ; Verivalla ; Surnute rongkäik ; A rebours ; Luukambris ; Kiusaja ; Hingetund ; Inimene ; Koduotsimine ; Surelik ; Saladus ; Memento mori ; Kontvõõras ; Ahastaja ; Ummikus ; Hommikupalve ; Suudlus ; Kutse ; Raismik. Mets ; Valge lind ; Rändav järv ; Porkuni preili ; Lapsehukkaja ; Maarja leid ; Surmamõrsjad ; Taevaminek ; Laul eimillestki ; Õnnevaras ; Puhastus ; Soolaul ; Lõikuspühaks ; "Üksteisest pimesi me mööda käime..." ; Loomine ; Muutus ; Selgus ; Haige unistus ; Jõulutervitus 1941 ; Mõrane hommik ; Pärast ema surma ; Kutse ; Kes? ; Hääl tuulde ; Mine! ; Nägemus ; Veel mitte ; Visioon ; Langes üks täht

  7. Rõiva- ja tekstiilitööstus püsib jätkusuutlik / Meelis Virkebau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virkebau, Meelis, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti, 14. nov. 2007, lk. 18-19. Eesti rõiva- ja tekstiilitööstus on Euroopa ja globaalse tööstussektori osa ning sealt tulenevad muutused mõjutavad otseselt ka eesti ettevõtjaid. Diagramm: Tekstiili- ja rõivatööstuses käibekasv taandunud. Vt. samas: Susan Lahesalu. Kreenholm üritab mitte hääbuda; Rõivatööstuse TOP; Tekstiilitööstuse TOP. Kommenteerivad: Meelis Virkebau, Ketlin Priilinn, Katrin Ots, Ants Vasar, Karl Kaasik, Toomas Värva ja Heiki Pajur. Ajalehes Delovõje Vedomosti Meelis Virkebau art. ja TOP-i tabelid

  8. Tulemuslik juhtimine ebatavaliselt keerulistes haridusoludes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Hargreaves

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Artiklis antakse ülevaade uurimistulemustest, mis käsitlevad edukalt toimivate organisatsioonide juhtimist kolmes valdkonnas. Organisatsioonid kaasati valimisse eduka toimivuse alusel, võttes arvesse nende kesiseid tulemusi minevikus, võrdlust teiste sarnaste koolidega ning toimimist piiratud ressursside ja keeruliste tingimuste kontekstis. Artiklis keskendutakse nende nelja kooli juhtimisele, mis vastasid valimi kriteeriumitele. Tulemuste selgitused seostatakse Eesti PISA uuringu heade akadeemiliste tulemustega. Artiklis näidatakse, et nendes neljas koolis, mis saavutasid üle ootuste häid tulemusi, rakendati erinevaid kompetentse. Juhtimine võttis narratiivi või otsingu vormi, kutsudes esile innustava kujutluspildi, mida toetas järjekindel otsustavus. Koolid võtsid suuna muudatustele, mis olid teiste sarnaste koolidega võrreldes uuenduslikumad. Pandi alus koostööle ja ühisele kogukonnale, mida toetasid ka konkureerivad koolid, ning lühiajaline edu muutus pikaajaliseks jätkusuutlikkuseks.  Full text

  9. Eessõna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miia Rannikmäe

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Ligikaudu kümme aastat on nn Rocardi raporti "Science education now: A renewed pedagogy for the future of Europe" avaldamisest saadik olnud loodusteaduslik ja matemaatikaharidus Euroopa Liidus varasemast suurema tähelepanu all. Selle eesmärk on suurendada loodusteadustes, inseneri- ja matemaatikavaldkonnas karjääri valivate inimeste hulka, et tagada liikmesriikide areng neile erialadele tugineva innovatsiooni kaudu. Ka Euroopa Komisjoni hiljutises raportis "Science education for responsible citizenship" (2015 rõhutatakse, et tulevikusuundumused eeldavad kõigi ühiskonnaliikmete senisest paremat arusaamist loodusteadustest ja tehnoloogiast, et tagada nende aktiivne ja vastutustundlik osalemine otsustusprotsessis ja teadmistepõhises innovatsioonis. Muutus algab aga koolist, kus tuleb senisest enam pöörata tähelepanu loodusteadusliku-tehnoloogiaalase kirjaoskuse kõrgematele tasemetele.

  10. LuxS/AI-2 system is involved in antibiotic susceptibility and autolysis in Staphylococcus aureus NCTC 8325.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Ting; Zhao, Liping; Sun, Baolin

    2013-01-01

    Current treatment for Staphylococcus aureus infections relies heavily upon the cell wall synthesis inhibitor antibiotics such as penicillin, oxacillin, vancomycin and teicoplanin. Increasing antibiotic resistance requires the development of new approaches to combating infection. Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) exists widely both in Gram-negative and Gram-positive pathogens and is suggested as a universal language for intraspecies and interspecies communication. This study demonstrates the association between AI-2 signalling and cell wall synthesis inhibitor antibiotic susceptibility in S. aureus. In addition, a luxS mutant exhibited decreased autolysis and upregulated vancomycin resistance-associated VraRS two-component regulatory system. This finding may provide novel clues for antimicrobial therapy in S. aureus infection. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

  11. The genus Chlamydotheca Saussure (Crustacea: Ostracoda in northeastern Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Analía R. Díaz

    Full Text Available The genus Chlamydotheca Saussure, 1858 is a typical representative of the Neotropical ostracod fauna that occupies lotic and lentic environments including temporary and permanent ponds. Up to the present, four species have been recorded in Argentina: C. iheringi (Sars, C. incisa (Claus and C. leuckarti (Claus, and C. symmetrica (Vávra. Temporary and permanent ponds of this region were sampled for ostracods, using a fine mesh net. Three species belonging to the genus Chlamydotheca were collected of which C. arcuata (Sars is recorded for first time for the Chacoan region. Limb morphology was studied under light microscope and line drawings were made using camera lucida. Valves were photographed under scanning electron microscope and redescriptions of C. arcuata and C. iheringi are provided and distributional aspects of the species sampled are discussed.

  12. A Computer Model for Analyzing Volatile Removal Assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Boyun

    2010-01-01

    A computer model simulates reactional gas/liquid two-phase flow processes in porous media. A typical process is the oxygen/wastewater flow in the Volatile Removal Assembly (VRA) in the Closed Environment Life Support System (CELSS) installed in the International Space Station (ISS). The volatile organics in the wastewater are combusted by oxygen gas to form clean water and carbon dioxide, which is solved in the water phase. The model predicts the oxygen gas concentration profile in the reactor, which is an indicator of reactor performance. In this innovation, a mathematical model is included in the computer model for calculating the mass transfer from the gas phase to the liquid phase. The amount of mass transfer depends on several factors, including gas-phase concentration, distribution, and reaction rate. For a given reactor dimension, these factors depend on pressure and temperature in the reactor and composition and flow rate of the influent.

  13. Oor historiese waarheid*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. S. du Plessis

    1964-03-01

    Full Text Available By hierdie geleentheid van die amptelike aanvaarding van ’n professoraat in die Geskiedenis, vra ek u welwil- lende aandag vir enkele gedagtes oor ’n onderwerp wat ek wil betitel: oor historiese waarheid. Vooraf is egter enkele verduidelikinge nodig. (a By die aanhoor van hierdie titel kan dadelik die vraag gestel word: wat is waarheid? Daarom moet dit in die eerste plek duidelik verstaan word dat, hoewel ek my hier ook effens op die terrein van die filosofie van die Geskiedenis gaan beweeg, dit geensins in my bedoeling lê om hierdie vraag filosofies te benader en ’n antwoord daarop te probeer gee nie. Dit gaan hier 00/ historiese waarheid, en dan wel oor historiese waarheid as ’n praktiese saak waarmee elke beoefenaar van die geskiedeniswetenskap, hetsy navorser of dosent, elke oomblik van sy lewe te doen het. Wat in hierdie verband onder historiese waarheid verstaan word, sal aanstons nader verduidelik word.

  14. Oblikovanje kolekcije z izhodiščem v športu

    OpenAIRE

    Sadar, Cilka

    2017-01-01

    Diplomsko delo Oblikovanje kolekcije z izhodiščem v športni modi predstavlja proces oblikovanja »ready-to wear« kolekcije ženskih oblačil. Šport in športna moda predstavljata enega izmed največjih vplivov na sodobno »ready-to-wear« modo. Modni oblikovalci ustvarjajo v športni modi navdihnjene kolekcije, vračajoč se videz športne mode 90ih let je danes popularen modni trend mladih, že pozabljena imena športnih znamk sodelujejo s »high-end« modnimi znamkami. To so le nekatere posledice in d...

  15. Motor Recovery and Synaptic Preservation after Ventral Root Avulsion and Repair with a Fibrin Sealant Derived from Snake Venom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbizan, Roberta; Castro, Mateus V.; Rodrigues, Antônio C.; Barraviera, Benedito; Ferreira, Rui S.; Oliveira, Alexandre L. R.

    2013-01-01

    Background Ventral root avulsion is an experimental model of proximal axonal injury at the central/peripheral nervous system interface that results in paralysis and poor clinical outcome after restorative surgery. Root reimplantation may decrease neuronal degeneration in such cases. We describe the use of a snake venom-derived fibrin sealant during surgical reconnection of avulsed roots at the spinal cord surface. The present work investigates the effects of this fibrin sealant on functional recovery, neuronal survival, synaptic plasticity, and glial reaction in the spinal motoneuron microenvironment after ventral root reimplantation. Methodology/Principal Findings Female Lewis rats (7 weeks old) were subjected to VRA and root replantation. The animals were divided into two groups: 1) avulsion only and 2) replanted roots with fibrin sealant derived from snake venom. Post-surgical motor performance was evaluated using the CatWalk system twice a week for 12 weeks. The rats were sacrificed 12 weeks after surgery, and their lumbar intumescences were processed for motoneuron counting and immunohistochemistry (GFAP, Iba-1 and synaptophysin antisera). Array based qRT-PCR was used to evaluate gene regulation of several neurotrophic factors and receptors as well as inflammatory related molecules. The results indicated that the root reimplantation with fibrin sealant enhanced motor recovery, preserved the synaptic covering of the motoneurons and improved neuronal survival. The replanted group did not show significant changes in microglial response compared to VRA-only. However, the astroglial reaction was significantly reduced in this group. Conclusions/Significance In conclusion, the present data suggest that the repair of avulsed roots with snake venom fibrin glue at the exact point of detachment results in neuroprotection and preservation of the synaptic network at the microenvironment of the lesioned motoneurons. Also such procedure reduced the astroglial reaction and

  16. Motor recovery and synaptic preservation after ventral root avulsion and repair with a fibrin sealant derived from snake venom.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Barbizan

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Ventral root avulsion is an experimental model of proximal axonal injury at the central/peripheral nervous system interface that results in paralysis and poor clinical outcome after restorative surgery. Root reimplantation may decrease neuronal degeneration in such cases. We describe the use of a snake venom-derived fibrin sealant during surgical reconnection of avulsed roots at the spinal cord surface. The present work investigates the effects of this fibrin sealant on functional recovery, neuronal survival, synaptic plasticity, and glial reaction in the spinal motoneuron microenvironment after ventral root reimplantation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Female Lewis rats (7 weeks old were subjected to VRA and root replantation. The animals were divided into two groups: 1 avulsion only and 2 replanted roots with fibrin sealant derived from snake venom. Post-surgical motor performance was evaluated using the CatWalk system twice a week for 12 weeks. The rats were sacrificed 12 weeks after surgery, and their lumbar intumescences were processed for motoneuron counting and immunohistochemistry (GFAP, Iba-1 and synaptophysin antisera. Array based qRT-PCR was used to evaluate gene regulation of several neurotrophic factors and receptors as well as inflammatory related molecules. The results indicated that the root reimplantation with fibrin sealant enhanced motor recovery, preserved the synaptic covering of the motoneurons and improved neuronal survival. The replanted group did not show significant changes in microglial response compared to VRA-only. However, the astroglial reaction was significantly reduced in this group. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, the present data suggest that the repair of avulsed roots with snake venom fibrin glue at the exact point of detachment results in neuroprotection and preservation of the synaptic network at the microenvironment of the lesioned motoneurons. Also such procedure reduced the

  17. Pravni odnosi iz zakupa broda prema odredbama BIMCO obrasca BARECON 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Pijaca

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available U ovom se radu analiziraju odredbe BIMCO-vog standardnog ugovornog obrasca o zakupu broda, kodnog naziva BARECON 2001, sadržane u njegovom drugom, središnjem dijelu. Analiza se sastoji od nekoliko tematski podijeljenih dijelova. Najprije se utvrđuje tko su stranke ugovornog odnosa zakupa broda, navode se definicije uvodnih pojmova obrasca te određuju specifičnosti trajanja ugovora o zakupu broda. Potom se utvrđuju temeljna prava i obveze ugovornih stranaka (predaja broda, otkaz ugovora zbog zakašnjenja predaje broda, zakupnina i vraćanje broda, a nakon toga i sva ostala prava i obveze vezane uz uporabu i izvršenje ugovora (npr. reguliranje troškova pregleda broda te pogonskog goriva i zaliha prilikom predaje i vraćanja, pravo nadzora broda, ograničenje uporabe broda, održavanje i obavljanje radova na brodu, osiguranje kod ugovora o zakupu broda, založno pravo (mortgage i lien, obeštećenje, ostvarenje prava na nagradu za spašavanje i doprinos u zajedničkoj havariji, uklanjanje podrtina, uvjeti prijenosa prava iz ugovora o zakupu na trećeg, bankarska garancija, plaćanje provizije agentu posredniku, prestanak ugovora prije proteka roka trajanja zakupa, deposesija broda, rješavanje sporova, obavijesti. Odredbe drugog, središnjeg dijela obrasca BARECON 2001 također se analiziraju u odnosu na prethodni obrazac BARECON 89. Kritički se osvrće na one odredbe obrasca BARECON 2001 za koje se smatra da mogu izazvati različita pravna tumačenja. U zaključnom razmatranju sumiraju se rješenja odredbi obrasca te se upućuje na nekoliko prijedloga poboljšanja njegova sadržaja.

  18. Identification of a feline leukemia virus variant that can use THTR1, FLVCR1, and FLVCR2 for infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shalev, Zvi; Duffy, Simon P; Adema, Karen W; Prasad, Rati; Hussain, Naveen; Willett, Brian J; Tailor, Chetankumar S

    2009-07-01

    The pathogenic subgroup C feline leukemia virus (FeLV-C) arises in infected cats as a result of mutations in the envelope (Env) of the subgroup A FeLV (FeLV-A). To better understand emergence of FeLV-C and potential FeLV intermediates that may arise, we characterized FeLV Env sequences from the primary FY981 FeLV isolate previously derived from an anemic cat. Here, we report the characterization of the novel FY981 FeLV Env that is highly related to FeLV-A Env but whose variable region A (VRA) receptor recognition sequence partially resembles the VRA sequence from the prototypical FeLV-C/Sarma Env. Pseudotype viruses bearing FY981 Env were capable of infecting feline, human, and guinea pig cells, suggestive of a subgroup C phenotype, but also infected porcine ST-IOWA cells that are normally resistant to FeLV-C and to FeLV-A. Analysis of the host receptor used by FY981 suggests that FY981 can use both the FeLV-C receptor FLVCR1 and the feline FeLV-A receptor THTR1 for infection. However, our results suggest that FY981 infection of ST-IOWA cells is not mediated by the porcine homologue of FLVCR1 and THTR1 but by an alternative receptor, which we have now identified as the FLVCR1-related protein FLVCR2. Together, our results suggest that FY981 FeLV uses FLVCR1, FLVCR2, and THTR1 as receptors. Our findings suggest the possibility that pathogenic FeLV-C arises in FeLV-infected cats through intermediates that are multitropic in their receptor use.

  19. The influence of recovery posture on post-exercise hypotension in normotensive men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raine, N M; Cable, N T; George, K P; Campbell, I G

    2001-03-01

    Postexercise hypotension may be the result of an impaired vasoconstrictor response. This hypothesis was investigated by examining the central and peripheral hemodynamic responses during supine and seated recovery after maximal upright exercise. After supine or seated baseline measurements, seven normotensive male volunteers completed a graded upright cycling protocol to volitional exhaustion. This was immediately followed by either supine or seated recovery. Measurements of pulsatile arterial blood pressure and central and peripheral hemodynamic variables recorded 30 min before exercise were compared with those taken throughout 60 min of recovery. Compared with baseline, mean arterial pressure (MAP) was reduced after exercise (P different between the supine (-9 +/- 4 mm Hg) and seated positions (-6 +/- 2 mm Hg). This change in MAP was associated with a reduction in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (P pressure (APP) (P positions, respectively. The reduction in APP during seated recovery was accompanied by a decline in stroke volume (SV) (P position, that limited the contribution of cardiac output (CO) to the maintenance of MAP. This effect of seated recovery was compensated by greater systemic (SVR) and regional vascular resistances in the forearm (FVR) and the forearm skin (SkVRA). There was also evidence of an augmented return of FVR and SkVRA to resting levels in the seated position after exercise. The lower peripheral resistance in the supine compared with seated recovery position suggests there is potential for greater vasoconstriction, although this is not evoked to increase blood pressure. This further suggests that the arterial baroreceptor reflex is reset to a lower operating pressure after exercise.

  20. Esimene võit sõjas Eesti teedel / Jüri Pihl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihl, Jüri, 1954-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 6. aug. 2007, lk. 9; Harjumaa, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 4; Lääne Elu, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 5; Nädaline, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Sakala, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Sõnumitooja, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 15; Koit, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 6; Valgamaalane, 9. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Harju Ekspress, 10. aug. 2007, lk. 6; Virumaa Teataja, 14. aug. 2007, lk. 11. Surmaga lõppevate liiklusõnnetuste riskitegurite vähendamiseks on politsei võtnud suuna liiklusjärelevalve tõhustamisele, suunates liiklusjärelevalvesse 80 protsenti rohkem politseinikke. Siseminister nendib, et liiklusõnnetuste langustrendile on aidanud kaasa ka väärtushinnangute muutus ühiskonnas

  1. WIPP Facility Work Plan for Solid Waste Management Units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    Phase I RFI was completed at WIPP as part of a Voluntary Release Assessment (VRA). The risk-based decision criteria recommended by EPA for the VRA were contained in a proposed Corrective Action rule for SWMUs (EPA, 1990). EPA Region VI has issued new risk-based screening criteria applicable to the WIPP SWMUs and AOCs.

  2. Managing and eradicating wildlife tuberculosis in New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warburton, B; Livingstone, P

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) due to Mycobacterium bovis infection was first identified in brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula) in New Zealand in the late 1960s. Since the early 1970s, possums in New Zealand have been controlled as part of an ongoing strategy to manage the disease in livestock. The TB management authority (TBfree New Zealand) currently implements three strategic choices for disease-related possum control: firstly TB eradication in areas selected for eradication of the disease from livestock and wildlife, secondly Free Area Protection in areas in which possums are maintained at low densities, normally along a Vector Risk Area (VRA) boundary, and thirdly Infected Herd Suppression, which includes the remaining parts of VRA where possums are targeted to minimise the infection risk to livestock. Management is primarily through a range of lethal control options. The frequency and intensity of control is driven by a requirement to reduce populations to very low levels (usually to a trap-catch index below 2%), then to hold them at or below this level for 5–10 years to ensure disease eradication.Lethal possum control is implemented using aerial- and ground-based applications, under various regulatory and operational constraints. Extensive research has been undertaken aimed at improving the efficacy and efficiency of control. Aerial applications use sodium fluoroacetate (1080) bait for controlling possums over extensive and rugged areas of forest that are difficult to access by foot. Ground-based control uses a range of toxins (primarily, a potassium cyanide-based product) and traps. In the last 5 years there has been a shift from simple possum population control to the collection of spatial data on possum presence/absence and relative density, using simple possum detection devices using global positioning system-supported data collection tools, with recovery of possum carcasses for diagnostic necropsy. Such data provide information subsequently used in

  3. WIPP Facility Work Plan for Solid Waste Management Units

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Washington TRU Solutions LLC

    2000-02-25

    . A Phase I RFI was completed at WIPP as part of a Voluntary Release Assessment (VRA). The risk-based decision criteria recommended by EPA for the VRA were contained in a proposed Corrective Action rule for SWMUs (EPA, 1990). EPA Region VI has issued new risk-based screening criteria applicable to the WIPP SWMUs and AOCs.

  4. Molecular events for promotion of vancomycin resistance in vancomycin intermediate Staphylococcus aureus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiwen Hu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Vancomycin has been used as the last resort in the clinical treatment of serious Staphylococcus aureus infections. Vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA was discovered almost two decades ago. Aside from the vancomycin-intermediate phenotype, VISA strains from the clinic or laboratory exhibited common characteristics, such as thickened cell walls, reduced autolysis, and attenuated virulence. However, the genetic mechanisms responsible for the reduced vancomycin susceptibility in VISA are varied. The comparative genomics of vancomycin-susceptible S. aureus (VSSA/VISA pairs showed diverse genetic mutations in VISA; only a small number of these mutations have been experimentally verified. To connect the diversified genotypes and common phenotypes in VISA, we reviewed the genetic alterations in the relative determinants, including mutation in the vraSRT, graSR, walKR, stk1/stp1, rpoB, clpP, and cmk genes. Especially, we analyzed the mechanism through which diverse mutations mediate vancomycin resistance. We propose a unified model that integrates diverse gene functions and complex biochemical processes in VISA upon the action of vancomycin.

  5. Ecological and Tourist Potential of Central Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša Anastasijević

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Urban green spaces traditionally represent areas where tourists gladly pause and rest. Ecological potential of green spaces, their capacity to enhance urban life through micro-climate mitigation, and their original attractiveness, represent the source from which their tourist potential is derived. Consequently, continuous increase in plant quantity and constant expansion of their existence to green-less zones and territories, commonly defined as gray or gray-green zones, is compulsory. Green spaces of central part of old Belgrade situated on the right banks of the rivers Sava and Danube are by all criteria in the category of top tourist rank, and the same goes for this whole area with numerous attractive points within. However, this zone – the territory of three central urban municipalities (Savski Venac, Stari Grad, and Vračar – holds numerous neglected spaces, deserted corridors and backyards, river bank segments and other sites covered with weed, debris left from past and recent bombardments, parking lots and half-devastated green stripes along residential blocks. Starting with the assumption that many of these can be qualitatively renewed and professionally greenscaped, paper describes their proper development into different categories of green spaces, important structural elements of Belgrade green infrastructure.

  6. Use of Biochemical Markers for the Assessment of Organic Pollutant Contamination of the Vltava river, Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Havelková

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, selected biochemical markers - cytochrome P450 (CYP 450, ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD, glutathione S-transferase (GST and glutathione (GSH - were measured in chub (Leuciscus cephalus L. liver samples obtained from three locations on the Vltava river (Podolí, Podbaba and Vraňany and from a control location nmicals commonly known as their inducers. These include polychlorinated biphenyls, hexachlorobenzene and octachlorostyrene measured in chub muscle and polyaromatic hydrocarbons measured in bear Vodňany. The levels of selected biomarkers should correlate with the concentration of cheottom sediments obtained from the same locations. The highest EROD activity (median 101.37 pmol min-1 mg-1 protein, GST activity (median 42.82 nmol min-1 mg-1 protein, and GSH concentration (median 8.01 nmol mg-1 protein were found in fish liver from the Podbaba location. There were no significant differences in CYP P450 level or EROD activity among the different locations. In Podbaba, GST activity (P P < 0.001 were significantly higher than in the control location. The results of these analyses were correlated and a significant correlation was found between biochemical markers and their inducers. The results show that the use of biochemical markers in water quality assessment is a convenient method that can supplement classical chemical monitoring.

  7. A case study of a precision fertilizer application task generation for wheat based on classified hyperspectral data from UAV combined with farm history data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaivosoja, Jere; Pesonen, Liisa; Kleemola, Jouko; Pölönen, Ilkka; Salo, Heikki; Honkavaara, Eija; Saari, Heikki; Mäkynen, Jussi; Rajala, Ari

    2013-10-01

    Different remote sensing methods for detecting variations in agricultural fields have been studied in last two decades. There are already existing systems for planning and applying e.g. nitrogen fertilizers to the cereal crop fields. However, there are disadvantages such as high costs, adaptability, reliability, resolution aspects and final products dissemination. With an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based airborne methods, data collection can be performed cost-efficiently with desired spatial and temporal resolutions, below clouds and under diverse weather conditions. A new Fabry-Perot interferometer based hyperspectral imaging technology implemented in an UAV has been introduced. In this research, we studied the possibilities of exploiting classified raster maps from hyperspectral data to produce a work task for a precision fertilizer application. The UAV flight campaign was performed in a wheat test field in Finland in the summer of 2012. Based on the campaign, we have classified raster maps estimating the biomass and nitrogen contents at approximately stage 34 in the Zadoks scale. We combined the classified maps with farm history data such as previous yield maps. Then we generalized the combined results and transformed it to a vectorized zonal task map suitable for farm machinery. We present the selected weights for each dataset in the processing chain and the resultant variable rate application (VRA) task. The additional fertilization according to the generated task was shown to be beneficial for the amount of yield. However, our study is indicating that there are still many uncertainties within the process chain.

  8. A robust probabilistic approach for variational inversion in shallow water acoustic tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berrada, M; Badran, F; Crépon, M; Thiria, S; Hermand, J-P

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a variational methodology for inverting shallow water acoustic tomography (SWAT) measurements. The aim is to determine the vertical profile of the speed of sound c(z), knowing the acoustic pressures generated by a frequency source and collected by a sparse vertical hydrophone array (VRA). A variational approach that minimizes a cost function measuring the distance between observations and their modeled equivalents is used. A regularization term in the form of a quadratic restoring term to a background is also added. To avoid inverting the variance–covariance matrix associated with the above-weighted quadratic background, this work proposes to model the sound speed vector using probabilistic principal component analysis (PPCA). The PPCA introduces an optimum reduced number of non-correlated latent variables η, which determine a new control vector and a new regularization term, expressed as η T η. The PPCA represents a rigorous formalism for the use of a priori information and allows an efficient implementation of the variational inverse method

  9. The power of praise psalms to encourage awareness of ecological issues amongst worshippers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barend J. de Klerk

    2014-02-01

    Die liturgie behoort opnuut ’n sensitiwiteit by gelowiges te skep om God as die Skepper én Herskepper van die heelal te verheerlik. Die psalms kan met groot vrug gebruik word om gelowiges se ekologiese bewussyn op te skerp. Die saak word aan die hand van drie skeppingspsalms ondersoek, naamlik Psalm 19, 104 en 148. Dit vra veral hoe die lof in hierdie sogenaamde skeppingspsalms daartoe bydra om gelowiges in hulle eie konteks op te skerp om nie net die natuur te bewaar nie, maar om deur die natuur God met woord en daad te verheerlik. Omdat die ekologiese krisis ons aarde, lug en water, met ander woorde ons basiese lewensmiddele regstreeks raak, behoort aanbidders in die erediens ernstig oor hulle betrokkenheid by die ekologie te laat besin. Die verwoesting van ekologiese sisteme het ‘n regstreekse uitwerking op alle ander probleme en nood wat deur plant, mens en dier ervaar word. Die klem van Psalm 19 op die hemelruim plaas lugbesoedeling, aardverwarming en die skade aan die osoonlaag op die agenda van elke deelnemer aan die erediens. In die lofliedere in Psalm 104 en 148 is die mens deel van die kunstige skeppingsweb wat bewaar behoort te word.

  10. Dynamic Modeling of Process Technologies for Closed-Loop Water Recovery Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allada, Rama Kumar; Lange, Kevin E.; Anderson, Molly S.

    2012-01-01

    Detailed chemical process simulations are a useful tool in designing and optimizing complex systems and architectures for human life support. Dynamic and steady-state models of these systems help contrast the interactions of various operating parameters and hardware designs, which become extremely useful in trade-study analyses. NASA s Exploration Life Support technology development project recently made use of such models to compliment a series of tests on different waste water distillation systems. This paper presents dynamic simulations of chemical process for primary processor technologies including: the Cascade Distillation System (CDS), the Vapor Compression Distillation (VCD) system, the Wiped-Film Rotating Disk (WFRD), and post-distillation water polishing processes such as the Volatiles Removal Assembly (VRA). These dynamic models were developed using the Aspen Custom Modeler (Registered TradeMark) and Aspen Plus(Registered TradeMark) process simulation tools. The results expand upon previous work for water recovery technology models and emphasize dynamic process modeling and results. The paper discusses system design, modeling details, and model results for each technology and presents some comparisons between the model results and available test data. Following these initial comparisons, some general conclusions and forward work are discussed.

  11. Dynamic Modeling of Process Technologies for Closed-Loop Water Recovery Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allada, Rama Kumar; Lange, Kevin; Anderson, Molly

    2011-01-01

    Detailed chemical process simulations are a useful tool in designing and optimizing complex systems and architectures for human life support. Dynamic and steady-state models of these systems help contrast the interactions of various operating parameters and hardware designs, which become extremely useful in trade-study analyses. NASA s Exploration Life Support technology development project recently made use of such models to compliment a series of tests on different waste water distillation systems. This paper presents dynamic simulations of chemical process for primary processor technologies including: the Cascade Distillation System (CDS), the Vapor Compression Distillation (VCD) system, the Wiped-Film Rotating Disk (WFRD), and post-distillation water polishing processes such as the Volatiles Removal Assembly (VRA) that were developed using the Aspen Custom Modeler and Aspen Plus process simulation tools. The results expand upon previous work for water recovery technology models and emphasize dynamic process modeling and results. The paper discusses system design, modeling details, and model results for each technology and presents some comparisons between the model results and available test data. Following these initial comparisons, some general conclusions and forward work are discussed.

  12. Vasopressin Receptor Antagonists for the Correction of Hyponatremia in Chronic Heart Failure: An Underutilized Therapeutic Option in Current Clinical Practice?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato De Vecchis

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In the congestive heart failure (CHF setting, chronic hyponatremia is very common. The present review aims at addressing topics relevant to the pathophysiology of hyponatremia in the course of CHF as well as its optimal treatment, including the main advantages and the limitations resulting from the use of the available dietary and pharmacological measures approved for the treatment of this electrolytic trouble. A narrative review is carried out in order to represent the main modalities of therapy for chronic hyponatremia that frequently complicates CHF. The limits of usual therapies implemented for CHF-related chronic hyponatremia are outlined, while an original analysis of the main advancements achieved with the use of vasopressin receptor antagonists (VRAs is also executed. The European regulatory restrictions that currently limit the use of VRAs in the management of CHF are substantially caused by financial concerns, i.e., the high costs of VRA therapy. A thoughtful reworking of current restrictions would be warranted in order to enable VRAs to be usefully associated to loop diuretics for decongestive treatment of CHF patients with hyponatremia.

  13. Recurrence plot for parameters analysing of internal combustion engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexa, O.; Ilie, C. O.; Marinescu, M.; Vilau, R.; Grosu, D.

    2015-11-01

    In many technical disciplines modem data analysis techniques has been successfully applied to understand the complexity of the system. The growing volume of theoretical knowledge about systems dynamic's offered researchers the opportunity to look for non-linear dynamics in data whose evolution linear models are unable to explain in a satisfactory manner. One approach in this respect is Recurrence Analysis - RA which is a graphical method designed to locate hidden recurring patterns, nonstationarity and structural changes. RA approach arose in natural sciences like physics and biology but quickly was adopted in economics and engineering. Meanwhile. The fast development of computer resources has provided powerful tools to perform this new and complex model. One free software which was used to perform our analysis is Visual Recurrence Analysis - VRA developed by Eugene Kononov. As is presented in this paper, the recurrence plot investigation for the analyzing of the internal combustion engine shows some of the RPA capabilities in this domain. We chose two specific engine parameters measured in two different tests to perform the RPA. These parameters are injection impulse width and engine angular speed and the tests are I11n and I51n. There were computed graphs for each of them. Graphs were analyzed and compared to obtain a conclusion. This work is an incipient research, being one of the first attempts of using recurrence plot for analyzing automotive dynamics. It opens a wide field of action for future research programs.

  14. A bibliography of studies on energy sources and uses in Ghana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Entsua-Mensah, C.

    1993-05-01

    The primary aim for compiling this bibliography is to make policy-makers, planners and researchers in the energy sector aware of the studies that have been carried out in the country between 1976 to 1991, and for which the reports are available for consultation. The 102 documents listed comprise reports of policy and project feasibility and exploration on energy resources and uses in the country. These were carried out on behalf of the government by international organisations and public/private agencies in cooperation with the staff of the relevant energy sector institutions namely: Electricity Corporation of Ghana (ECG), Ghana Italian Petroleum (GHAIP), Ghana Oil Company Limited (GOIL), Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), and Volta River Authority (VRA). The studies covered by the bibliography has been arranged in alphabetical order under title and has been grouped under the following sub-sector programmes: Energy Policy and Planning, Energy Efficiency and Conservation, Electricity, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, Petroleum Gas, Petroleum and Renewable Energy. Abstracts have been provided to give readers an idea of the scope and the results of the projects covered. (CEM)

  15. Međunarodnopravni status izbjeglica na Sredozemnom moru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davorin Rudolf Jr.

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Europu je posljednjih godina zahvatila najveća migracija ljudi od Drugoga svjetskog rata. Mnoge izbjeglice dolaze morskim putem, preko Sredozemnog mora. U radu se analizira njihov pravni položaj u područjima mora u kojima se nalaze. Međunarodnopravni status izbjeglice osoba stječe u trenutku kada plovilo izađe iz teritorijalnog mora države porijekla. S druge strane, teritorijalno more i unutrašnje morske vode države prihvata jedina su morska područja koja su dijelovi državnog teritorija, odnosno prostiranja suverenosti europskih država, pa su odgovarajuća prava i obveze država najjasniji kada se izbjeglica nađe u njima. Teritorijalni doseg primjene pravila ‘’non refoulement’’ o zabrani vraćanja izbjeglica u područje ugroženosti je dvojben, neke države Europske unije odriču njegovu primjenu na otvorenom moru.

  16. Urban-rural fog differences in Belgrade area, Serbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vujović, Dragana; Todorović, Nedeljko

    2018-02-01

    Urban/rural fog appearance during the last 27 years in the Belgrade region is analysed using hourly meteorological records from two meteorological stations: an urban station at Belgrade-Vračar (BV) and a rural station at Belgrade-Airport (BA). The effects of urban development on fog formation are discussed through analysis of fog frequency trends and comparison with a number of meteorological parameters. The mean annual and the mean annual minimum temperatures were greater at the urban BV station than at the rural BA station. The mean monthly relative humidity and the mean monthly water vapour pressure were greater at the rural than urban station. During the period of research (1988-2014), BA experiences 425 more days with fog than BV, which means that BV experiences fog for 62.68% of foggy days at BA. Trends in the number of days with fog were statistically non-significant. We analysed the fog occurrence during different types of weather. Fog in urban BV occurred more frequently during cyclonal circulation (in 52.75% of cases). In rural BA, the trend was the opposite and fog appeared more frequently during anticyclonic circulation (in 53.58% of cases). Fog at BV occurred most frequently in stable anticyclonic weather with light wind, when a temperature inversion existed (21.86% of cases). Most frequently, fog at BA occurred in the morning and only lasted a short time, followed by clearer skies during the anticyclonic warm and dry weather (22.55% of cases).

  17. Padrão de metadados no domínio museológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Rogério Batista Lima

    Full Text Available RESUMO É no ambiente Web que os museus estão tornando acessíveis, de forma digital, grande parte das informações sobre seu acervo. No entanto, essas informações estão sendo disponibilizadas de forma não estruturada. Isso dificulta a troca de dados, a comunicação e a interoperabilidade entre sistemas de museus, que necessitam de padrões de metadados adequados para gerenciar e disponibilizar informações vinculadas a seus acervos. A questão de investigação é: como os padrões de metadados podem contribuir para os museus de arte? A pesquisa apresenta abordagem qualitativa, é de caráter teórico de nível descritivo e exploratório. O resultado da análise demonstrou que nos museus de arte brasileiros não são utilizados padrões de metadados, e tampouco há literatura nacional que aborde esse tema. Contudo, em alguns países utiliza-se alguns padrões destinados ao universo museológico, dentre os quais o VRA Core versão 4.0, que para a catalogação de obras de arte no ambiente digital parece ser o mais adequado.

  18. Participation of the IPEN/CNEN/SP Environmental Diagnostic Division on programs of laboratory intercomparisons in environmental samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cotrim, Marycel Barboza; Sato, Ivone Mulako; Salvador, Vera Lucia R.; Dantas, Elizabeth Sonoda Keiko; Cantagallo, Maria Ines; Lemes, Marcos Jose L.; Scapin, Marcos Antonio; Sisti, Cristina; Silveira, Elias Santana; Furusawa, Helio Akira; Pires, Maria Aparecida Faustino

    2003-01-01

    The present work presents the participation of the Environmental Diagnostic Division Laboratories (MQA) at the intercomparison national and international laboratories, (PI/SABESP - Interlaboratory Sao Paulo, Brazil, Program; Program for Interlaboratorial Analytic Quality Control of Metals in Water (CBM/COMETRO); Programa para La Calidad de las Mediciones Quimicas (PCQM/INTI) - Argentine, and the Commission d'Etablissement des Methodes d'Analyse, France (CETAMA/CEA). Those essay providers have using statistical tests such as the t-Student, Zscore and Cochran and Grubbs for the data evaluations. The obtained results are presented involving the analytical such as atomic absorption spectrometry: flame, graphite oven and hydride generation (AAS), emission spectrometry with induced plasma (ICP-OES), X-ray fluorescence WD-XRFS), ion chromatography and voltametry (VRA). The elements such as B, Al, K, Mg, Ca, Cr, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn and Pb, and the anions such as Cl-, NO 3 - , SO 4 2- and F - , were determined at trace level (mgL -1 ), and the elements such as Cr, As, Cd, Pb e Hg, at the trace level (μgL -1 ) in water matrices. The evaluation of analytical results, in the period 1997 to 2002, demonstrate a continuous improvement evidencing the importance of Laboratories participation at those type of exercises

  19. Participation of the IPEN/CNEN/SP Environmental Diagnostic Division on programs of laboratory intercomparisons in environmental samples; Participacao da Divisao de Diagnostico Ambiental do IPEN/CNEN/SP em programas de intercomparacao laboratoriais em amostras ambientais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cotrim, Marycel Barboza; Sato, Ivone Mulako; Salvador, Vera Lucia R.; Dantas, Elizabeth Sonoda Keiko; Cantagallo, Maria Ines; Lemes, Marcos Jose L.; Scapin, Marcos Antonio; Sisti, Cristina; Silveira, Elias Santana; Furusawa, Helio Akira; Pires, Maria Aparecida Faustino [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: mecotrim@ipen.br, e-mail: imsato@ipen.br, e-mail: vsalvado@ipen.br, e-mail: esdantas@ipen.br, e-mail: cantagal@ipen.br, e-mail: mjllemes@ipen.br, e-mail: helioaf@ipen.br, e-mail: mapires@ipen.br

    2003-07-01

    The present work presents the participation of the Environmental Diagnostic Division Laboratories (MQA) at the intercomparison national and international laboratories, (PI/SABESP - Interlaboratory Sao Paulo, Brazil, Program; Program for Interlaboratorial Analytic Quality Control of Metals in Water (CBM/COMETRO); Programa para La Calidad de las Mediciones Quimicas (PCQM/INTI) - Argentine, and the Commission d'Etablissement des Methodes d'Analyse, France (CETAMA/CEA). Those essay providers have using statistical tests such as the t-Student, Zscore and Cochran and Grubbs for the data evaluations. The obtained results are presented involving the analytical such as atomic absorption spectrometry: flame, graphite oven and hydride generation (AAS), emission spectrometry with induced plasma (ICP-OES), X-ray fluorescence WD-XRFS), ion chromatography and voltametry (VRA). The elements such as B, Al, K, Mg, Ca, Cr, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn and Pb, and the anions such as Cl-, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} and F{sup -}, were determined at trace level (mgL{sup -1}), and the elements such as Cr, As, Cd, Pb e Hg, at the trace level ({mu}gL{sup -1}) in water matrices. The evaluation of analytical results, in the period 1997 to 2002, demonstrate a continuous improvement evidencing the importance of Laboratories participation at those type of exercises.

  20. MR muscle tractography study on VX2 soft-tissue tumor in rabbits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Yonggang; Guo Liang; Xie Daohai; Hu Chunhogn; Guo Maofeng; Zhu Wei; Chen Jianhua; Xing Jianming; Wang Renfa

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To determine if diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and muscle fiber tracts of muscle disease are feasible. Methods: Twenty Newzealand white rabbits were implanted with 0.2 ml VX 2 tumor tissue suspension in the right proximal thighs. MRI and DTI were performed on these rabbits and DTI of muscle fiber tracts in the muscles around the lesions were reconstructed. The fractional anisotropy(FA) and volume ratio anisotropy(VrA) of the tumor and the normal muscle were analyzed. The correlation study between MRI and pathological findings was done. Results: All experimental animal models of rabbit VX 2 soft tissue tumors were successfully established. The difference of FA between the central parenchyma area and the necrosis area, the peripheral area of the tumor, the adjacent and contralateral normal muscle was statistically significant (P 0.05). The difference of FA and VrA between the adjacent and contralateral normal muscle was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The arrangement of normal muscle was regular on DTI of muscle tract. The muscle around the tumor lesions was infiltrated and destructed, which demonstrated irregular and interrupted muscle fiber on muscle tractography. Conclusion: DTI is advantageous to demonstrate the structure of soft tissue tumors and its border, which should be helpful in the structure and function research of muscle, as well as in the diagnosis of muscle diseases. (authors)

  1. Izobraževanje starejših odraslih in pomen njihovega izobraževanja za njih same ter družbo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušana Findeisen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Avtorica predstavi pomen izobraževanja starejših odraslih za dejavno staranje v dolgem prehodnem obdobju, imenovanem »čas med delom, upokojitvijo in starostjo«. Ta koncept prehodnega obdobja, prehoda v starost, namreč danes nadomešča starejši koncept pokoja. V tem času ljudje v poznejših letih življenja opravljajo plačano delo, se izobražujejo, se (občasno vračajo na trg dela, delajo prostovoljno. Avtorica piše o prebivalstvenih spremembah in o pomenu izobraženosti vseh in vseh skupin starejših odraslih za soočanje s staranjem družbe. Dušana Findeisen zastane pri vprašanju značilnosti izobraževalnih programov za starejše odrasle, obravnava vrednote, nosilce in oblike izobraževanja starejših. Nazadnje opiše slovensko univerzo za tretje življenjsko obdobje kot konceptualno eno najbolj celostno domišljenih oblik in modelov izobraževanja ljudi v poznejših letih življenja.

  2. SUUNTA JA MUUTOS. HAVAINTOJA VIRON JA SUOMEN LIIKEVERBEISTÄ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannu Tommola

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Suund ja muutumine. Tähelepanekuid eesti ja soome liikumisverbidest. Käesolevas artiklis püütakse selgitada eesti ja soome keele kõige sagedasemate liikumisverbide polüfunktsionaalsust. Soome keele tulla vastab küll põhitähenduses eesti verbile tulema, kuid ei väljenda lahkumist – seda väljendatakse soome keeles verbiga lähteä. Samuti erinevad meie keeled inhoatiivi väljendamises: soome keele kõige tavalisem muutumisverb on tulla, eesti keeles aga saama. Soome keele verbi jäädä ja eesti keele verbi jääma on vaadeldud liikumisverbidena nende võimaliku muutuse presupositsiooni tõttu. Jääma väljendab siiski ka seisundi tekkimise tähendust. See tähendus esineb soome verbil jääda vaid idioomides. Eesti keele jääma on näide polüseemia tüübist, mida on nimetatud enantioseemiaks (ühel ja samal lekseemil on vastandtähendused. Üks läänemeresoome liikumisverbide omapära näiteid on verb käydä/käima, mis võimaldab väljendada kahesuunalist liikumist. Soome ja eesti verbide põhitähendused on sarnased, aga kõigis kasutustes käydä ja käima ei kattu, sest käydä esineb ka muutumisverbina, eesti verbil see tähendus puudub. Lõpuks käsitletakse lühidalt idiomaatilisi väljendeid, nt. tuli kuntoon / meni pieleen ning läks korda/viltu.

  3. The surface glycoprotein of a natural feline leukemia virus subgroup A variant, FeLV-945, as a determinant of disease outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolin, Lisa L; Ahmad, Shamim; Levy, Laura S

    2011-10-15

    efficiently than do particles bearing FeLV-A/61E SU, and that soluble SU proteins expressed from the viruses demonstrate the same differential binding phenotype. Preliminary mutational analysis of FeLV-945 was performed by exchanging regions containing either the primary receptor binding determinant, VRA, the secondary determinant, VRB, or a proline-rich region, PRR, with that of FeLV-A/61E. Results implicated a region containing VRA as a minor contributor, while a region containing VRB largely conferred increased binding efficiency. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Environmental protection implications of the electric power restructuring in Ghana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turkson, J.K. [UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment, Roskilde (Denmark); Amadu, M.B. [Kumasi Inst. of Technology, Energy and Environment, Kumasi (Ghana)

    1999-09-01

    The electric utility industries in most African countries are confronted by the twin-problem of deficient capacity and lack of adequate financial resources to undertake capacity expansion of their respective systems. The critical aspects of power sector reform taking place in many countries are the shift away from state-owned monopoly model towards private sector participation and some competition in the industry. Hydropower plants dominate power system in most countries in the region. Ghana, which is the focus of this study, has such characteristics. The hydrology of the river on which the two dams (Akosombo and Kpong hydropower plants) are built is increasingly becoming uncertain, and besides, the power output from the two plants is insufficient to meet the increasing electricity demand of the country. The alternative is to build thermal power plants to complement the two hydropower plants. The purposes of the study are: (i) to assess the environmental (more specifically air pollution) implications of changing fuel mix in power generation in Ghana within the context of the ongoing reform of the power sector and (ii) to assess the capacity of the environment protection agencies to regulate, monitor and enforce regulations in the emerging electricity industry. The study uses a spreadsheet-based simulation model to determine the potential levels of certain air pollutants - CO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} - that would result from changes in fuel mix for electricity generation. Using different capacity expansion options proposed for The Volta River Authority (VRA) between 1997-2013, the levels of these air pollutants are estimated. The study further describes other potential environmental impacts of changes in fuel mix in power generation. (au)

  5. Title, Description, and Subject are the Most Important Metadata Fields for Keyword Discoverability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Costello

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A Review of: Yang, L. (2016. Metadata effectiveness in internet discovery: An analysis of digital collection metadata elements and internet search engine keywords. College & Research Libraries, 77(1, 7-19. http://doi.org/10.5860/crl.77.1.7 Objective – To determine which metadata elements best facilitate discovery of digital collections. Design – Case study. Setting – A public research university serving over 32,000 graduate and undergraduate students in the Southwestern United States of America. Subjects – A sample of 22,559 keyword searches leading to the institution’s digital repository between August 1, 2013, and July 31, 2014. Methods – The author used Google Analytics to analyze 73,341 visits to the institution’s digital repository. He determined that 22,559 of these visits were due to keyword searches. Using Random Integer Generator, the author identified a random sample of 378 keyword searches. The author then matched the keywords with the Dublin Core and VRA Core metadata elements on the landing page in the digital repository to determine which metadata field had drawn the keyword searcher to that particular page. Many of these keywords matched to more than one metadata field, so the author also analyzed the metadata elements that generated unique keyword hits and those fields that were frequently matched together. Main Results – Title was the most matched metadata field with 279 matched keywords from searches. Description and Subject were also significant fields with 208 and 79 matches respectively. Slightly more than half of the results, 195 keywords, matched the institutional repository in one field only. Both Title and Description had significant match rates both independently and in conjunction with other elements, but Subject keywords were the sole match in only three of the sampled cases. Conclusion – The Dublin Core elements of Title, Description, and Subject were the most frequently matched fields in keyword

  6. Computer and online health information literacy among Belgrade citizens aged 66-89 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gazibara, Tatjana; Kurtagic, Ilma; Kisic-Tepavcevic, Darija; Nurkovic, Selmina; Kovacevic, Nikolina; Gazibara, Teodora; Pekmezovic, Tatjana

    2016-06-01

    Computer users over 65 years of age in Serbia are rare. The purpose of this study was to (i) describe main demographic characteristics of computer users older than 65; (ii) evaluate their online health information literacy and (iii) assess factors associated with computer use in this population. Persons above 65 years of age were recruited at the Community Health Center 'Vračar' in Belgrade from November 2012 to January 2013. Data were collected after medical checkups using a questionnaire. Of 480 persons who were invited to participate 354 (73.7%) agreed to participate, while 346 filled in the questionnaire (72.1%). A total of 70 (20.2%) older persons were computer users (23.4% males vs. 17.7% females). Of those, 23.7% explored health-related web sites. The majority of older persons who do not use computers reported that they do not have a reason to use a computer (76.5%), while every third senior (30.4%) did not own a computer. Predictors of computer use were being younger [odds ratio (OR) = 2.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.30-4.04; p = 0.019], having less members of household (OR = 2.97, 95% CI 1.45-6.08; p = 0.003), being more educated (OR = 3.53, 95% CI 1.88-6.63; p = 0.001), having higher income (OR = 2.31, 95% CI 1.17-4.58; p = 0.016) as well as fewer comorbidities (OR = 0.42, 95% CI 0.23-0.79; p = 0.007). Being male was independent predictor of online health information use at the level of marginal significance (OR = 4.43, 95% CI 1.93-21.00; p = 0.061). Frequency of computer and Internet use among older adults in Belgrade is similar to other populations. Patterns of Internet use as well as non-use demonstrate particular socio-cultural characteristics. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  7. André Aciman: Lavanda / s engleskog prevela Željka Gorički

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Aciman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Život počinje mirisom lavande. Moj otac stoji ispred ogledala. Upravo se otuširao i obrijao te se sprema obući odijelo. Gledam ga kako pričvršćuje čvor na kravati, spušta ovratnik košulje i zakopčava najgornji gumb. I onda kao i obično: lavanda.Znam odakle miris dolazi. Na ormariću leži savršeno oblikovana bočica. Jednog dana dok me muči grozna migrena i ležim na kauču u dnevnoj sobi, moja majka, pokušavajući smisliti kako da mi olakša bol, poseže za bočicom, otvara je i kapne par kapi na maramicu koju mi onda stavlja pod nos. Olakšanje je trenutno. Kaže mi da je mogu zadržati. Volim je držati u šaci s glavom lagano zabačenom unatrag, kao da me netko u tučnjavi opalio po nosu koji još krvari – ili kao što sam vidio druge da rade kad su bolesni ili shrvani tugom pa hodaju po kući povremeno udišući s maramice izvlačeći iz sebe zadnji atom snage u očajničkom pokušaju da ostanu na nogama. Volio sam tu maramicu, taj miris koji je dolazio iz njezinih nabora, volio sam je potajno nositi u školu i pod satom kradomice udisati njezin miris koji me vraćao roditeljima, našoj dnevnoj sobi, u svijet koji je bio toliko spokojan da bi samo udisanje tog mirisa oko mene stvorilo zaštitni oblak. Miris lavande značio je da sam zaštićen, sretan, voljen. Miris lavande nosio je sa sobom sretne misli – o životu, o onima koje volim, o meni. Miris lavande izbrisao bi svaku udaljenost i svi bismo bili na okupu u toploj i udobnoj sobi punoj jastuka, pokraj pucketave vatre, a zvuk kiše koji je dopirao izvana podsjećao bi nas kako smo ovdje sigurni. Miris lavande značio je da nas nitko ne može razdvojiti.

  8. Understanding text as social practice: An exploration of the potential of systemic functional grammar to facilitate students' interpretation of media texts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Clarence-Fincham

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available It has frequently been claimed that Halliday's Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG is apowerful linguistic tool which facilitates analytical and interpretative skills and provides aflexible, yet structured set of analytical tools with which to interpret texts. With this claim asa backdrop, this article asks whether SFG is, in fact an appropriate analytical approach forunder-graduate students and whether it can facilitate their ability to analyse texts. Its contextis a second level course, Analysing Media Texts, offered at Natal University. Broadly framedby critical discourse analysis, it traces the development of a thirteen week module and,using student analyses for illustrative purposes, identifies pedagogical challenges anddifficulties that need to be confronted before any strong claims can be made. It is concludedthat, on the evidence of students' responses to texts analysed during this course, it is not yetpossible to make strong claims about the benefits of SFG. There is enough positiveevidence, however, to pursue the possibility that with innovative curriculum development andthe careful scaffolding and integration of concepts, SFG will be clearly shown to have anextremely important role to play.Daar is dikwels beweer dat Halliday se Sistemies-Funksionele Grammatika (SFG 'n kragtige linguistiese middel is wat analitiese en interpreterende vaardighede bevorder en 'n plooibare, dog gestruktureere stel analitiese gereedskap verskaf waarmee tekste gei"nterpreteer kan word. Met die bewering as agtergrond vra hierdie artikel of SFG inderdaad 'n toepas like analitiese benadering vir voorgraadse studente is en of dit hulle vermoe om tekste te ontleed, bevorder. Die konteks is 'n tweedejaarskursus, Analysing Media Texts, wat aan die Universiteit van Natal aangebied word. Breedweg omraam deur kritiese diskoersanalise, speur die artikel die ontwikkeling van 'n module van dertien weke na, met gebruik van studenteontledings ter illustrasie en identifiseer

  9. Overcoming resistance to innovation: Suggestions for encouraging change in language teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weideman, Albert

    2002-12-01

    redes bevat talle punte wat die moeite werd is om oor na te dink. Hierdie artikel kyk na drie instrumente wat ’n mens sou kon gebruik om onderwysers te help om weerstand teen ’n kommunikatiewe aanpak te bowe te kom. Die eerste van die drie is deur Shaalukeni (2000 ontwikkel, vir gebruik in haar eie werk as vakadviseur in die noorde van Namibië. Die aanwending van hierdie instrument in haar aksienavorsing-ondersoek, wat daarop gemik was om leerders in Engels as tweedetaalklasse in pare te laat werk, word bespreek. Die tweede en derde instrumente wat ter sprake is, maak dit vir onderwysers moontlik om hul oortuigings oor die aanleer van taal te verwoord, asook om hulleself af te vra in watter mate hierdie oortuigings met ons kennis oor taalonderrig ooreenstem. Hierdie strategieë is weliswaar nie voldoende om verandering te waarborg nie, maar kan tog die begin wees van ’n poging om weerstand teen nuwe taalonderrigmetodes te bowe te kom.

  10. Efficacy and Safety of Vasopressin Receptor Antagonists for Euvolemic or Hypervolemic Hyponatremia: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiangyun; Zhao, Mingyi; Du, Wei; Zu, Dongni; Sun, Yingwei; Xiang, Rongwu; Yang, Jingyu

    2016-04-01

    Hyponatremia, defined as a nonartifactual serum sodium level SMD), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by using random and fixed effect models. We collected data from 18 trials involving 1806 patients. Both random and fixed effect meta-analyses showed that VRAs significantly increased the net change of serum sodium concentration (WMD(random) = 4.89 mEq/L, 95%CIs = 4.35-5.43 and WMD(fixed) = 4.70 mEq/L, 95%CIs = 4.45-4.95), response rate (RR(random )= 2.77, 95%CIs = 2.29-3.36 and RR(fixed) = 2.95, 95%CIs = 2.56-3.41), and 24-hour urine output (SMD(random) = 0.82, 95%CIs = 0.65-1.00 and SMD(fixed) = 0.79, 95%CIs = 0.66-0.93) compared to placebo. Furthermore, VRAs significantly decreased body weight (WMD(random) = -0.87 kg, 95%CIs = -1.24 to -0.49 and WMD(fixed) = -0.91 kg, 95%CIs = -1.22 to -0.59). In terms of safety, rates of drug-related adverse events (AEs), rapid sodium level correction, constipation, dry mouth, thirst, and phlebitis in the VRA-treated group were greater than those in control group. However, there was no difference in the total number of AEs, discontinuations due to AEs, serious AEs, death, headache, hypotension, nausea, anemia, hypernatremia, urinary tract infection, renal failure, pyrexia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, diarrhea, vomiting, peripheral edema, and dizziness between the 2 groups. Random effect meta-analyses showed that post treatment urine osmolality, supine systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure were lowered (WMD(random) = -233.07 mOsmol/kg, 95%CIs = -298.20-147.94; WMD(random) = -6.11 mmHg, 95%CIs = -9.810 to -2.41; WMD(random )= -2.59 mmHg, 95%CIs = -4.06 to -1.11, respectively), but serum osmolality was increased (WMD(random) = 9.29 mOsmol/kg, 95%CIs = 5.56-13.03). There was no significant change from baseline in serum potassium concentration between the 2 groups (WMD(fixed) = 0.00 mmHg, 95%CIs

  11. Usne u lavi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Una Krizmanić Ožegović

    2017-06-01

    usta, zatiljak, pazuha, prepone, noge, oči i dlačice, Gospodine, na rukama uredne, na bedrima neupadljive, na pazusima skrivene, na nogama zanemarene, na ušnim resicama osjetljive, na preponama… na preponama, Gospodine, izazovne dlačice… isprva su štitile, onda bile vlažne, zatim lelujave i sasvim opijene tisućama mirisa, podatne, prostituiraju se meni, mojim rukama, mojim prstima, danju finima, noću faličkima, zorom oštrima. Pola noći. Pola moje sladostrasne propasti, nagovještaja, i na neki način, Gospodine, kunem ti se, spasa. Odjednom, bît ima više smisla u tjelesnosti: tvoja svjetlost čini mi se jednakom, ali jasnijom; tijelo mi se odmara, ali leluja; oblaci su na nebu, ali bliže; vjetar ništa ne govori, ali čujem njegove prijekore. Znoj se suši dok ležim i drhtim od same sebe, putenosti, usana u lavi. Umjesto da se probudim, zaspim: tijelo mi se budi iz transa, tone u san. Prsti se povlače, nastupa mir. Prsti gube na oštrini, varci, brzini, ratnom umijeću. Poprimaju stvarnu dimenziju: samo su prsti. A ti ne govoriš ništa, Gospodine. Ležim naga, prekrivena sumnjama i urednim dlačicama. Ruke su mirne. Poravnam kosu što mi vraća srce na mjesto. Svijet je jedna jedina svijeća koja gori bez straha da će izgorjeti. Ništa ne govoriš. Možda nemaš više što dati mojim pijanim rukama.

  12. Otkaz hidrauličkog sistema čekića kao posledica kontaminacije čvrstim česticama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitar T. Jocanović

    2014-02-01

    ispravno radili zahtevaju i određene uslove za dugotrajnu ekspolataciju. Jedan od tih uslova je i održavanje radnog fluida čistim. Uzročnici kontaminacije na hidrauličnom sistemu bagera Priložena fotodokumentacija daje prikaz jednog od glavnih uzročnika povećane koncentracije kontaminanat u fluidu – neispravan filterski uložak, koji se usled cikličnih opterećenja habao i nije vršio zadatu funkciju. Uticaj kontaminanata na oštećenje hidrauličnih komponenata bagera Na priloženim slikama uočavaju se tragovi abrazivnog habanja kao glavne vrste trošenja radnih elemenat hidrauličnog čekića, koji su nastali kao posledica prodora ogromne količine kontaminanata u vidu čvrstih čestica cementne i betonske prašine u hidraulični sistem bagera. Monitoring hidrauličnog sistema čekića U hidrauličnom sistemu bagera i radnog sklopa – hidrauličnog čekića, uz pomoć uređaja za snimanje čvrstih čestica u radnom fluidu, otkriveni su glavni uzročnici kontaminacije koji su dovodili do relativno brzog zastoja hidrauličnog sistema i čekića. Tehno ekonomska analiza nastale havarije Iz izvedene analize se vidi da je za opremu kojom se održava nivo kontaminacije u hidrauličnom sistemu na potrebnom nivou neophodno izdvojiti svega 4 % od ukupne sume koja je bila potrebna da se bager dovede u ispravno stanje. Kako je ovo zanemariva cifra u odnosu na ukupnu vrednost bagera, opšti zaključak u ovoj analizi je da se za uložena sredstva u sekundarni sistem filtriranja kojim se postiže nivo održavanja uljnog punjenja na potrebnom nivou, daleko više vraća kroz pouzdanost i efikasnost bagera u toku rada. Zaključak Pravilna primena dijagnostike i odgovarajuće održavanje hidrauličnog sistema ukazuje na sledeće zaključke: -          Određenim dijagnostičkim uređajima i njihovom pravilnom primenom i poznavanjem kritičnih tačaka u sistemu mogu se utvrditi delovi i komponente u sistemu koji podnose najveća opterećenja kao i vrednosti odre

  13. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2013-09-01

    practice mainly "modern” activities in the countryside. 4 Anna Polášková’s article offers an insight into the environmental literacy and attitudes of young technically-oriented Czech university students at a faculty of pharmacy in preparation for non-teaching and non-ecological professional careers. The author believes that environmental literacy and consciousness among university students in technical fields is very important, since it is usually among middle managers and executives with technical education that environmentally friendly policies and strategies more or less begin. She found that positive relationships to environmental protection and education in this faculty prevailed; however, the level of environmental knowledge gained from their secondary education seemed to be low in most cases. 5 Information texts: Andrew Barton and Jan Vávra report on the proceedings of an academic conference held in Prague in April 2013 called Our Common Present which focused on the array of current challenges facing Central Europe. In addition, Andrew Barton also writes about a workshop on Transdisciplinary Research on Sustainability held in Prague in May in collaboration with the Schumacher Institute for Sustainable Systems, UK. We wish you inspirational reading, The Envigogika editorial team In Prague on 28.8.2013 With special thanks to those who contributed to the publication process on the part of publisher, including Charles University which has been supportive in the archiving of Envigogika and providing DOI for future issues. The editorial team would, moreover, like to thank all who made this important step possible with financial support obtained via the project Interdisciplinary Sustainable Development Network (MOSUR, OP VK for all issues published since 2011, including the current English issue. [1] OJS is open source software development by the Public Knowledge Project (http://pkp.sfu.ca funded by Canadian Government and made freely available to journals

  14. Postmodernistlikke jooni eesti noore režissuuri lavastustes 1969–1975 / Postmodernist Traits in the Performances of Young Estonian Directors 1969-1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rein Heinsalu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Teesid: 1960. aastate lõpus toimusid eesti teatris suured muutused. Ilmus nähtus, mida hakati nimetama nooreks režissuuriks. Eeskätt on see seotud Evald Hermaküla, Jaan Toominga, Kalju Komissarovi, Kaarin Raidi jt nimedega. Noor režissuur tõstis mässu ahtaks muutunud realismi raamide vastu, mis ei vastanud noore põlvkonna teatriootustele. Olles mõjutatud ideeliselt radikaalsest eksperimentaalteatrist USAs, aga ka Jerzy Grotowski katsetustest ning teistest avangardsetest liikumistest, muutis see füüsilist teatrikeelt. Tõusis improvisatsiooni osakaal. Teater lakkas olemast dramaturgiliste tekstide esituskoht, vaid hakkas otsima etendustes vahetut kohalolu. Tajuprotsessi hakkas juhtima mängu põhimõte. Suured müüdid dekonstrueeriti, autoritaarsusele vastanduti. Seksuaalsus ilmutas end uuel jõul, toetatud alateadvuse impulssidest. Uue laine radikaalsus kestis 1970. aastate lõpuni, mil see sulandus peavoolu. Murrang teatriesteetikas mõjutas kogu järgnenud teatriperioodi, seda on kutsutud ka eesti teatri kuldajaks. SU M M A R Y Young directors emerged in Estonian theatre at the end of the 1960s. More specifically, during the years 1969–1974 many new directors’ names appeared on theatre posters, and the fundamental changes in the language and content of the theatre at the end of the 1960s and the 1970s began to be associated with these names. Most important among these are Evald Hermaküla, Jaan Tooming, Kalju Komissarov, and Karin Raid. Within a short time these young directors changed prevailing assumptions about the purpose, means, and content of the theatre in Estonia. This phenomenon came to be referred to as the breakthrough, or the new wave; later on, in sum, as the renewal of theatre. A generational change was taking place in the theatre, and in this framework a different language of theatre emerged, which began carrying innovative emotional and aesthetic paradigms. As in the Anglo-American cultural space, this new