WorldWideScience

Sample records for musiani luigi boitani

  1. Luigi Spaventa in Consob (Luigi Spaventa at Consob)

    OpenAIRE

    Filippo Cavazzuti

    2013-01-01

    The article provides a detailed of Luigi Spaventa's legacy at the head of Consob, Italy's supervisory authority on the securities and stock exchange market. By so doing, the article deals with the recent history of financial markets regulation in Italy and Europe.  JEL Codes: G10,G28, K22

  2. Luigi Spaventa in Consob (Luigi Spaventa at Consob

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo Cavazzuti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article provides a detailed of Luigi Spaventa's legacy at the head of Consob, Italy's supervisory authority on the securities and stock exchange market. By so doing, the article deals with the recent history of financial markets regulation in Italy and Europe.  JEL Codes: G10,G28, K22

  3. Luigi Spaventa in Consob (Luigi Spaventa at Consob

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo Cavazzuti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article provides a detailed of Luigi Spaventa's legacy at the head of Consob, Italy's supervisory authority on the securities and stock exchange market. By so doing, the article deals with the recent history of financial markets regulation in Italy and Europe.

  4. Luigi Mazzone (1926-2014)

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Luigi Mazzone, one of the first engineers recruited by CERN, a very good friend and a dynamic and cheerful colleague, left us peacefully on 17 October.   Born in Cairo in 1926 to Italian parents, Luigi grew up in the multi-cultural environment that was a distinctive feature of Egypt in those years, and he often liked to reminisce about it when talking to friends. Back in Italy during the war, he went to secondary school in Sienna and then studied civil engineering, first at the University of Rome and then in Pisa, where he graduated in 1951. In 1954, while working in Rome, Luigi was selected to join the group of scientists, engineers and technicians who were moving to Geneva from all over Europe to build CERN and its accelerators even before the official creation of the Laboratory. At CERN, he joined Peter Preiswerk’s group, which was responsible for the planning and construction of buildings and for setting up the new Laboratory’s services and infrastructure. He spent se...

  5. Luigi Einaudi, 1874-1961

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Cafagna

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Luigi Einaudi was born in 1874 and died in 1961. His intense activity as a master of the science of finance, opinion leader and polemicist on practical and political aspects of economy spanned various phases in the history of contemporary Italy, from crisis at the close of the 19th century to the age of Giolitti, the fascist period and the new democracy emerging with the end of fascism. Democratic Italy of the post-war years saw him in the roles of Governor of the Bank of Italy and Minister of economy. A living symbol of Italy's economic and monetary reconstruction, he was elected President of the Italian Republic for the term of 1948-55. The author reviews Einaudi's relations with the political world over the various phases of the economist's life. Actually, Einaudi never became a politician in the strict sense of the word, but remained a citizen ever present in public life as a polemical columnist and, when called upon, in the service of the State. Whether engaging in controversy or practical activity, he remained consistent in his defence of economic liberalism and monetary rigour.  JEL Codes: B31Keywords: Einaudi, Luigi

  6. Luigi Einaudi, 1874-1961

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Cafagna

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Luigi Einaudi was born in 1874 and died in 1961. His intense activity as a master of the science of finance, opinion leader and polemicist on practical and political aspects of economy spanned various phases in the history of contemporary Italy, from crisis at the close of the 19th century to the age of Giolitti, the fascist period and the new democracy emerging with the end of fascism. Democratic Italy of the post-war years saw him in the roles of Governor of the Bank of Italy and Minister of economy. A living symbol of Italy's economic and monetary reconstruction, he was elected President of the Italian Republic for the term of 1948-55. The author reviews Einaudi's relations with the political world over the various phases of the economist's life. Actually, Einaudi never became a politician in the strict sense of the word, but remained a citizen ever present in public life as a polemical columnist and, when called upon, in the service of the State. Whether engaging in controversy or practical activity, he remained consistent in his defence of economic liberalism and monetary rigour.

  7. O estilo tardio de Luigi Nono

    OpenAIRE

    Michelle Agnes Magalhães

    2010-01-01

    Este trabalho se propõe a analisar alguns dos aspectos da obra tardia do compositor veneziano Luigi Nono (1924-1990), a partir da leitura de três obras: Fragmente-Stille, an Diotima para quarteto de cordas, Das atmende Klarsein para flauta baixo, coro e processamento em tempo real, e Omaggio a György Kurtág para contralto, flauta, clarinete baixo e processamento em tempo real. As três diferentes análises têm como foco três importantes princípios da poética tardia de Luigi Nono: as idéias de f...

  8. Luigi Spaventa: occasioni di discussione e confronto. (Luigi Spaventa: occasions of discussion and debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignazio Visco

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The author, currently Governor of the Bank of Italy, recalls his professional and intellectual relations with the late Luigi Spaventa, as well as the latter's involvement in Italy's government and in the activities of the Bank of Italy.  

  9. On Artificial and Animal Electricity : Alessandro Volta vs. Luigi Galvani

    OpenAIRE

    Soeiro, Diana

    2013-01-01

    Two Italians, Alessandro Volta (1745–1827), a physicist, and Luigi Galvani (1737–1798), an obstetrician and physiologist, separately conducted experiments on dead frogs using metals that made their legs twitch. Volta concluded that electricity was an artificial and external phenomenon, dependent on the metals and unrelated with the frog’s body; Galvani concluded that the frog’s movement proved that there was such a thing as animal electricity that, even after life, remained stored in nerves a...

  10. Luigi Spaventa e il controllo dell’economia nel breve periodo (Luigi Spaventa and short-run economic policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Pedone

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article reconstructs Luigi Spaventa's approach to economic policy. Spaventa contributed both to the theoretical and political debate on economic policy and as a member of Italy's Parliament and Government. The author focuses in particular on the implications for today's debate and practice in the fields of short-term fiscal policy, international trade and monetary policy.  JEL Codes: E62, B32, E12

  11. Luigi Cavazza Protagonista del progresso delle scienze agrarie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Caliandro

    Full Text Available Contributo apportato all’evoluzione delle Scienze Agrarie dal prof. Luigi Cavazza, Emerito di Agronomia generale e Coltivazioni erbacee dell’Università di Bologna, durante la Sua lunga vita universitaria; il prof. Cavazza proprio quest’anno compie i sessant’anni di attività, essendosi laureato a Bari nell’anno accademico 1945/46. Il suo impegno di studioso dei problemi agronomici coincide con un periodo di profonda trasformazione dell’agricoltura italiana, rapidamente passata da un sistema arcaico ad uno moderno e innovativo grazie ai contributi della ricerca scientifica.

  12. European's federation and currency: the contribution of Luigi Einaudi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Sarcinelli

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Luigi Einaudi was a well-known economist in Italy and abroad, a very prolific journalist, a great public figure particularly after the end of the Second World War. As his thoughts and writings were permeated with a solid liberalism, he was keen on looking for constraint on the State's absolute sovereignty, propensity to interfere with consumer and producer choices, and ability to finance public expenditure through money printing; the first was the principal cause of war, the other two the origin of misallocation and the worst of taxes, inflation. To fight these evils he advocated federating the states of Europe, thus transferring to a supranational level part of the sovereign prerogatives, particularly in the defence, interstate-commerce and monetary fields. As to the strategy to achieve this result he started from a functionalist approach, moved to a technocratic one, and ended up embracing the thesis to have "politicalfederation" right away.

  13. Resuscitation great. Luigi Galvani and the foundations of electrophysiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cajavilca, Christian; Varon, Joseph; Sternbach, George L

    2009-02-01

    Luigi Galvani became one of the greatest scientists of the 18th century with his research and the development of his theory on animal electricity. His work was appreciated by many scientists. Nevertheless, it gave rise to one of the most passionate scientific debates in history when Alessandro Volta postulated that Galvani had confused intrinsic animal electricity with small currents produced by metals. This debate would result in the creation of electrophysiology, electromagnetism, electrochemistry and the electrical battery. Galvani responded to each of the postulated theories of Volta giving irrefutable proof of the involvement of electricity in the contraction of muscles. However, his work was subsequently abandoned and silenced for many years but his ideas and theories were finally confirmed by the creation of new instruments and the interest of new scientists who helped position Galvani as the father of electrophysiology.

  14. [Remembering Luigi Galvani on the bicentennial of his death].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Micheli-Serra, A

    1999-01-01

    A short outline of the evolution of electrology throughout the XVIII century is presented. Emphasis is done on the topic of so-called animal electricity, whose study mainly developed due to the initial research of the Bolognese professor Luigi Galvani. In 1791, he made known his experimental results, submitting them to the criticism of contemporaneous scientists, Galvani and his pupils thought that the electrical phenomena observed in frogs were due to the electricity inherent to these animals (animal electricity), while their opponents, such as the physicist Alessandro Volta, attributed them to the action of the metallic conductors utilized (contact electricity). They were wrong to admit an unique type of electricity, because both types exist. Galvani's investigations encouraged Volta's research, which gave rise to the invention of the electric battery and its uses. Moreover Galvani's studies opened the immense and rich field of electrophysiology.

  15. Elementi di astrologia nel Decameron censurato di Luigi Groto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Lazar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The censored version of the Decameron by Luigi Groto, which was published in 1588, was already the third censorship of Boccaccio's masterpiece during the Counter-Reformation. As opposed to the other two censured versions, this one did not place emphasis on philological questions, but it tried above all to narratively fill the gaps created by expurgation; in some cases following the original plot and in the others changing it to such a degree that the novels remained barely recognizable. This article exposes some characteristics of Groto's mannerist style; especially the elements of astrology, which emerge in the expurgated parts of the text, and the way these elements function when inserted into Boccaccio's text.

  16. Fr Luigi Giussani’s Concept of Education - an Outline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Rynio

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This outline focuses on the multifarious academic, pedagogical and social activities of Fr Luigi Giussani, Professor of Theology, Italian thinker and scholar renowned for his numerous accomplishments. Due to his exceptional attentiveness, inquisitiveness and courage he has been certainly well-known and highly-regarded not only in university and ecclesiastical but also in the cultural and political spheres of life. The author of this study describes Fr Giussani as an exceptional scholar and educator emphasising the pedagogical aspect of his activities. The study explains his understanding of pedagogy and education. Selected achievements from his biography con fi rm Fr Giussani to be an exceptional human being, educator and scholar. As an educator, Fr Giussani holds a sober and realistic view of man and his formation: the true value of man, he claims, lies in being rational and free. Complete trust in God and great love for a human person de fi ne the most fundamental elements of his approach. The outline also includes a short biographical note and describes popular ways of education, formative events, the educators and educatee’s personality constituents, and the relationship between freedom, conscience, tradition and education.

  17. Dr Luigi Orlando, Dr Sergio Ceccuzzi, Dr. Armando Sbrana, Europa Metalli, Italy, Dr Albert Scherger, Member of KM Europa Metal AG, Osnabr ck, Germany, Prof. Filippo Menzinger, Scientific Attaché, Permanent Mission of Italy in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01: Dr Lyn Evans and Dr Luigi Orlando Photo 04: L. to r.: Dr Lyn Evans, Dr Luigi Orlando, Prof. Luciano Maiani and Prof. Filippo Menzinger Photo 06: L. to r.: Prof. Philippo Menzinger, Dr Armando Sbrana, Prof. Luciano Maiani, Dr Albert Scherger, Dr Lyn Evans, Dr Luigi Orlando, Dr Sergio Ceccuzzi, visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall, SM18

  18. Continuity and Discontinuity in Casabella and Spazio. The 1950's architecture magazines directed by Luigi Moretti and Ernesto Nathan Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orsina Simona Pierini

    2016-05-01

    However, the impact is quite different: with Luigi Moretti, his iconic  architecture, while rarely published in the journal, nonetheless remains in  the back of our minds. In contrast, Rogers, ever the educator, seems to  have entrusted the pencil to his young, up-and-coming contributors.

  19. The searched freedom: last philosophical speculation of Luigi Pareyson. (1975-1991

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Íris Fátima da Silva Uribe

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The presented theme is developed in the volume Ontologia della libertà. Il male e la sofferenza, in which Luigi Pareyson deeply rethink the problem of liberty, articulated through a decisive confrontation, whose ontological and hermeneutic root, puts itself in relation with the Hebrew-Christian “myth”. However, is inside the person’s experience crystallized in human existence that occurs the confrontation between philosophy and religion presented on the already alluded volume. Nevertheless, the sought for freedom is the reveling speculation of Pareyson’s effort to respond to evil and suffering experience that signs the human existence; it is, in fact, the trodden search since the first investigations about the existence philosophy as crisis philosophy, in our time, in which inserts the person’s singularity in its historical concreteness, both in fullness and variety of its manifestations

  20. Entrevista com Mathieu Dosse, Gian Luigi de Rosa e Michael Kegler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Guerini

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available O conjunto das três entrevistas que seguem aborda a mesma temática, isto é, aspectos de tradução/adaptação em geral e da tradução do romance Estive em Lisboa e lembrei de você de Luiz Ruffato em particular. O romance de Ruffato foi escrito em 2009, editado em Portugal (Quetzal, 2010 e traduzido para diferentes línguas, como italiano (La Nuova Frontiera, 2011, espanhol (Eterna Cadencia, 2011, francês (Chandeigne, 2015, alemão (Assoziation A, 2016 e, nos próximos meses será publicado em finlandês (Into. O livro foi adaptado para o cinema em 2015, pelo cineasta português José Barahona, sendo exibido em festivais nacionais e internacionais. As entrevistas abaixo foram feitas com os tradutores Gian Luigi De Rosa, Mathieu Dosse e Michael Kegler em 2016. Gian Luigi De Rosa (Itália/1969-- possui doutorado em “Culture e Istituzioni dei paesi di lingue iberiche in età moderna e contemporanea” e é professor de português na Universidade do Salento, em Lecce. É autor de livros e ensaios sobre língua e linguística portuguesa, literatura portuguesa e brasileira e tradução audiovisual e intersemiótica. É também responsável pela elaboração das legendas em italiano do filme Estive em Lisboa e lembrei de você. Mathieu Dosse (Brasil/1978-- é formado pela Université Paris 8, onde estudou Teoria da Tradução. Traduziu para o francês Graciliano Ramos, Luiz Ruffato e João Guimarães Rosa. Michael Kegler (Alemanha/1967-- estudou literatura brasileira e portuguesa na universidade de Frankfurt, sem concluir o curso. Trabalhou como livreiro no Centro do Livro de Língua Portuguesa, antes de se tornar tradutor literário. Traduziu para o alemão José Eduardo Agualusa, Moacyr Scliar, Luiz Ruffato, entre outros autores. Em julho de 2016, junto com Ruffato, recebeu o prêmio literário Hermann Hesse na Alemanha, pela qualidade da obra publicada em conjunto com a sua tradução.

  1. Luigi Galvani and animal electricity: two centuries after the foundation of electrophysiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccolino, M

    1997-10-01

    Luigi Galvani and his famous experiments on frogs carried out in the second half of the 18th century belong more to legend than to the history of science. Galvani not only laid the foundations of a new science, electrophysiology, but also opened the way for the invention of the electric battery, and thus for the development of the physical investigations of electricity. However, in spite of the widespread celebration of his work, Galvani's scientific endeavours have been largely misrepresented in the history of science. The scholar of Bologna has a stereotyped image as an 'occasional' scientist, who started his studies by chance, largely ignored the scientific theories of his time and wandered aimlessly in mental elaborations until the physicist of Pavia, Alessandro Volta, entered the field, correctly interpreted Galvani's results and eventually developed the electric battery. With the present understanding of electrical phenomena in excitable membranes, it is now time to reconsider the real matter raised by Galvani's discoveries and by his hypothesis of an intrinsic 'animal electricity', and to make a clearer evaluation of a revolutionary phase of scientific progress.

  2. Medicine and science in the life of Luigi Galvani (1737-1798).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bresadola, M

    1998-07-15

    Together with its companion paper, dealing with the contribution of Luigi Galvani to the history of electrophysiology, this article provides a biographical sketch of the scientist of Bologna in the occasion of the bicentenary of his death. Studies on Galvani have focused mainly on his "discovery" of animal electricity, and on the controversy with Alessandro Volta. Much less is known about Galvani's life and activity as a teacher, physician, and researcher in the fields of comparative anatomy, physiology, and chemistry of life. Yet, a balanced assessment of the significance and the role of Galvani's research in the history of science will be possible only after a historical reconstruction of his entire activity. This should take into account aspects of Galvani's life that have been little studied up to now: Galvani's scientific background, the scientific context in which his interest for muscular physiology arose, the interplay between his activity as a researcher and as a physician, the origin and characteristics of his experimental approach to biological studies, and the development of his experimental research in the crucial period culminating in his electrophysiological explanation of muscular motion. The present article aims at offering a contribution in this direction.

  3. De Italia a la Argentina: las embajadas culturales de Luigi Pirandello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celia de Aldama

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo lee los desembarcos de Luigi Pirandello en Buenos Aires como un episodio clave para reflexionar en torno al cometido y la recepción del escritor italiano en suelo argentino durante sus dos tournées sudamericanas en 1927 y 1933. A través del escrutinio de distintas crónicas periodísticas, se reconstruirá el calendario de actividades del ilustre huésped, se desvelará su acogida por parte del campo intelectual bonaerense de las décadas del veinte y del treinta, y se observarán sus polémicas declaraciones de apoliticidad a la luz del proyecto de fascitización proyectado desde la Italia de Mussolini hacia las “colonias” de ultramar. This article examines the landings of Pirandello in Argentina as a key episode to think about his role and reception in Buenos Aires during his two South American tournées in 1927 and 1933. Through the reading of different journalistic Chronicles, we propose firstly to reconstruct the guest’s calendar, secondly to study his welcome by the Buenos Aires intellectual field of the 20’s and 30’s and, finally, to link his apolitical speeches with the Italian fascism interested in imposing its control over the Latin-American “colonies".

  4. Interpretation of the contemporary anthropological crisis in Luigi Giussani’s works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoffoli Sara

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the work of the Italian priest and thinker in relation to the crisis of modern society. Luigi Giussani (1922–2005 noticed the increasing neglect of the self in the 20th century. The thought of the author, which hasn't been studied thoroughly yet, will be analyzed in the context of Catholic anthropological theology of the 20th and 21st centuries, in the light of such authors as J. Ratzinger, A. Milano, J. Bergoglio, A. Scola. A significant likeness between the thoughts of Giussani and Ratzinger will be highlighted. Such likeness consists in stating boththe inseparable bond between Christianity and the recognition of man's greatness: the former is an encounter which reveals man to himself, and in this way saves him. The fundamental themes in the article are: the concept of man as image of God and the concept of man as the tension between relation and individuality. In this regard, the author tackles the problem of the Christian category of existentialism, the image of Christ as a new Adam who fulfi lls the image of God, of the dependence on God as ontological truth of the human creature. In this respect some characteristics of Giussani's thought are made clear: Christianity as an encounter, the belonging to an Other, Renaissance as the period when the fi rst signs of changing the Christian conception of man are seen, modern power as a force aiming at the alienation of the human being, modern nihilism as a form of subjugation to the power.

  5. Animal electricity and the birth of electrophysiology: the legacy of Luigi Galvani.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccolino, M

    1998-07-15

    Preceded by a companion paper on Galvani's life, this article is written on the occasion of the bicentenary of the death of Luigi Galvani. From his studies on the effects of electricity on frogs, the scientist of Bologna derived the hypothesis that animal tissues are endowed with an intrinsic electricity that is involved in fundamental physiological processes such as nerve conduction and muscle contraction. Galvani's work swept away from life sciences mysterious fluids and elusive entities like "animal spirits" and led to the foundation of a new science, electrophysiology. Two centuries of research work have demonstrated how insightful was Galvani's conception of animal electricity. Nevertheless, the scholar of Bologna is still largely misrepresented in the history of science, because the importance of his researches seems to be limited to the fact that they opened the paths to the studies of the physicist Alessandro Volta, which culminated in 1800 with the invention of the electric battery. Volta strongly opposed Galvani's theories on animal electricity. The matter of the scientific controversy between Galvani and Volta is examined here in the light of two centuries of electrophysiological studies leading to the modern understanding of electrical excitability in nerve and muscle. By surveying the work of scientists such as Nobili, Matteucci, du Bois-Reymond, von Helmholtz, Bernstein, Hermann, Lucas, Adrian, Hodgkin, Huxley, and Katz, the real matter of the debate raised by Galvani's discoveries is here reconsidered. In addition, a revolutionary phase of the 18th century science that opened the way for the development of modern neurosciences is reevaluated.

  6. La aplicación jurídica ante algunos dilemas semánticos de Luigi Ferrajoli || The Legal Adjudication Faced With Some Semantic Dilemmas of Luigi Ferrajoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Marino Jiménez Cano

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: A juicio de Luigi Ferrajoli los textos constitucionales incorporan condiciones sustanciales de validez, que se refieren a valores como como la libertad, la igualdad o las garantías de los derechos de los ciudadanos. Por otra parte, el significado del lenguaje jurídico, el de los juristas y el de los jueces, se expresa a través de definiciones lexicográficas  que toman como base observacional los usos del legislador. Este trabajo plantea las diferentes alternativas y dilemas ante los que se presenta Ferrajoli a la hora de explicar la posibilidad de que los jueces realicen enunciados operativos cuando el lenguaje legal o constitucional es vago o contiene condiciones sustanciales de validez.   Abstract: According to Luigi Ferrajoli constitutional texts incorporate substantial conditions of validity, which refer to values ??such as freedom, equality and guarantees of rights. On the other hand, the meaning of legal language, the language of lawyers and judges, is expressed through lexical definitions based on the observational uses of the Legislature. This paper discusses the various alternatives and dilemmas for Ferrajoli to explaining the possibility that judges make operatives statements when the legal or constitutional language is vague or when it contains substantial conditions of validity.

  7. La aplicación jurídica ante algunos dilemas semánticos de Luigi Ferrajoli || The Legal Adjudication Faced With Some Semantic Dilemmas of Luigi Ferrajoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Marino Jiménez Cano

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:A juicio de Luigi Ferrajoli los textos constitucionales incorporan condiciones sustanciales de validez, que se refieren a valores como como la libertad, la igualdad o las garantías de los derechos de los ciudadanos. Por otra parte, el significado del lenguaje jurídico, el de los juristas y el de los jueces, se expresa a través de definiciones lexicográficas  que toman como base observacional los usos del legislador. Este trabajo plantea las diferentes alternativas y dilemas ante los que se presenta Ferrajoli a la hora de explicar la posibilidad de que los jueces realicen enunciados operativos cuando el lenguaje legal o constitucional es vago o contiene condiciones sustanciales de validez. Abstract: According to Luigi Ferrajoli constitutional texts incorporate substantial conditions of validity, which refer to values ??such as freedom, equality and guarantees of rights. On the other hand, the meaning of legal language, the language of lawyers and judges, is expressed through lexical definitions based on the observational uses of the Legislature. This paper discusses the various alternatives and dilemmas for Ferrajoli to explaining the possibility that judges make operatives statements when the legal or constitutional language is vague or when it contains substantial conditions of validity. 

  8. CERN Library | Herwig Schopper and Luigi Di Lella present "60 Years of CERN Experiments and Discoveries" | 10 March

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Library

    2016-01-01

    "60 Years of CERN Experiments and Discoveries" edited by Herwig Schopper and Luigi Di Lella. Presentation on Thursday, 10 March at 4 p.m. in Room C The book is a compilation of the most important experimental results achieved during the past 60 years at CERN - from the mid-1950s to the recent discovery of the Higgs particle. It covers the results from the early accelerators at CERN to those at the LHC and provides an excellent review of CERN's achievements. Not only presented is the impressive scientific progress achieved during the past six decades presented, but also is demonstrated the special way in which successful international collaboration exists at CERN. The book has been reviewed in the January-February issue of the CERN Courier: see here. Thanks to an agreement between CERN and the publisher, the e-book is available online Open Access. 60 Years of CERN Experiments and Discoveries Edited by Herwig Schopper and Luigi Di Lella W...

  9. Católicos antifascistas en Argentina (1936-1943. Luigi Sturzo y las tramas locales de People & Freedom Group. Anti-fascists Catholics in Argentina (1936-1943: Luigi Sturzo and the Local Relations of the People & Freedom Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Mauro

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se centra en una de las vertientes del antifascismo católico argentino de las décadas de 1930 y 1940: la del Partido Popular de Buenos Aires. En particular se analiza el impulso dado a la creación a nivel local de una sección de People and Freedom Group, una organización antifascista internacional impulsada por Luigi Sturzo durante su exilio en Londres y Estados Unidos. La breve experiencia de la sección local, que no sobrevivió al proceso mismo de conformación, sirve de plataforma para analizar las divergencias ideológicas y políticas que atravesaron a los diferentes grupos de católicos antifascistas en el país.

  10. Democracia constitucional cosmopolita, federalismo y esfera pública en el iuspositivismo constitucionalista de Luigi Ferrajoli || Cosmopolitan Constitutional Democracy, Federalism and Public Sphere in the Constitutional Iuspositivisim of Luigi Ferrajoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Alfred Martínez i Seguí

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El escrito se acerca al bien trabado iuspositivismo constitucionalista de Luigi Ferrajoli haciendo hincapié en la propuesta normativa que, a modo de colofón de su teoría sobre el derecho y la democracia, pretende extender su modelo de democracia garantista del marco del Estado al de la actual sociedad internacional globalizada mediante un federalismo en red regido por el principio de subsidiariedad, el cual debería priorizar las instituciones de garantía de los derechos a nivel supranacional y las instituciones de gobierno a nivel local y estatal. Asimismo, en aras de un perfeccionamiento de este modelo de democracia constitucional cosmopolita, se critica el caduco formalismo jurídico que le sirve de método y sus consecuencias derivadas: relativismo ético y negación de la universalidad moral de los derechos humanos, restricción de la esfera pública al ámbito jurídico-institucional, falta de profundización en el federalismo como teoría política… Por último, se destaca la alternativa de una razón práctica amplia y unitaria como instrumento de superación de los déficits señalados.Abstract: This paper deals with the constitutionalist iuspositivism of Luigi Ferrajoli. It emphasizes the rule proposed which, as the culmination of his theory about law and democracy, pretends to spread his canon of democracy from the frame of government to the present international society globalized through a federalism which is determined by the principle of subsidiarity. This organizing principle should give priority to the institutions guaranteeing the rights at supranational level and to the government institutions at local and state level. Likewise, on the way to the improvement of this constitutional and cosmopolite democracy canon, the legal formalism is criticized because of its caducity but, at the same time, it is used by this canon as a method that derives consequences: ethical relativism and negation of the moral universality

  11. Democracia constitucional cosmopolita, federalismo y esfera pública en el iuspositivismo constitucionalista de Luigi Ferrajoli || Cosmopolitan Constitutional Democracy, Federalism and Public Sphere in the Constitutional Iuspositivisim of Luigi Ferrajoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Alfred Martínez i Seguí

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El escrito se acerca al bien trabado iuspositivismo constitucionalista de Luigi Ferrajoli haciendo hincapié en la propuesta normativa que, a modo de colofón de su teoría sobre el derecho y la democracia, pretende extender su modelo de democracia garantista del marco del Estado al de la actual sociedad internacional globalizada mediante un federalismo en red regido por el principio de subsidiariedad, el cual debería priorizar las instituciones de garantía de los derechos a nivel supranacional y las instituciones de gobierno a nivel local y estatal. Asimismo, en aras de un perfeccionamiento de este modelo de democracia constitucional cosmopolita, se critica el caduco formalismo jurídico que le sirve de método y sus consecuencias derivadas: relativismo ético y negación de la universalidad moral de los derechos humanos, restricción de la esfera pública al ámbito jurídico-institucional, falta de profundización en el federalismo como teoría política… Por último, se destaca la alternativa de una razón práctica amplia y unitaria como instrumento de superación de los déficits señalados. Abstract: This paper deals with the constitutionalist iuspositivism of Luigi Ferrajoli. It emphasizes the rule proposed which, as the culmination of his theory about law and democracy, pretends to spread his canon of democracy from the frame of government to the present international society globalized through a federalism which is determined by the principle of subsidiarity. This organizing principle should give priority to the institutions guaranteeing the rights at supranational level and to the government institutions at local and state level. Likewise, on the way to the improvement of this constitutional and cosmopolite democracy canon, the legal formalism is criticized because of its caducity but, at the same time, it is used by this canon as a method that derives consequences: ethical relativism and negation of the moral

  12. [Mobbing and its effects on health. the experience of the "Clinica del Lavoro Luigi Devoto" in Milan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Punzi, Silvia; Cassitto, Maria Grazia; Castellini, Giovanna; Costa, G; Gilioli, R

    2007-01-01

    There is increasing interest in research, prevention and management of mobbing in the field of occupational psychosocial risks. To describe mobbing and its health effects by analysis of the cases examined from 1997 to 2003 at the Department of Occupational Health "Clinica del Lavoro Luigi Devoto" in Milan. A total of 226 clinical records of patients who reported a mobbing situation when undergoing medical examination were selected out of 2455 patients examined for stress-related disorders. The percentage of women was higher (53.1%) than in men (46.9%) with a prevalent age range of 35-54 years. There was a great variety of jobs, especially white-collars and workers in large service companies. In one third of the cases, mobbing occurred within 4 years from beginning of employment and mostly after company reorganization and management changes. The most frequent negative acts included social isolation and demotion. The most frequent symptoms were exhaustion, sleep, mood and sexual disorders. The number of symptoms was not related to the duration of mobbing but to the number and frequency of negative actions. 61.1% of the subjects took psychotropic drugs. Occupational health physicians play an essential role in primary prevention (information on occupational risks) and in early diagnosis and rehabilitation and could act as mediators between workers and enterprises.

  13. Inventare l’altro. Forme di pseudo-traduzione nella scrittura di Salvatore Di Giacomo e Luigi Capuana.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Fulginiti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Being an extreme case of fictitious representation of linguistic otherness, pseudo-translation challenges the idea of a fatal and exclusive link between language and national ethos, a fundamental notion in the Nineteenth-century linguistic and literary culture. The present article compares two emblematic cases of pseudo-translation in post-Unification Italian culture: Luigi Capuana’s hoax Un poeta danese (published in 1882 and the earliest short stories published by Salvatore di Giacomo in 1878, mistakenly considered a plagiarizing translation from an uncredited German original. Their use of pseudo-translation is marked by opposite goals of parody and stylistic imitation; however, both authors challenge the fundamental assumption underlying the notion of «ethnicity of language». Pseudo-translation thus becomes a space of linguistic elaboration, complementary to the author’s direct involvement in translating major European works into Italian (such as Ibsen’s masterpiece A House of Dolls, which Capuana translated in 1891, and Edmond de Goncourt’s novel Sœur Philomèle, which Di Giacomo translated in 1892. Translation thus provides a free space for authors to experiment with new expressive solutions and challenge commonplaces about language and identity: such reflection on the limits of language and nations represent a direct contribution to the linguistic unification of Italy. Caso estremo di rappresentazione fittizia del- l’alterità linguistica, la pseudo-traduzione chiama in causa l’idea del legame unico e “fatale” fra lingua e nazione – concetto fondamentale nella cultura linguistica del XIX secolo. L’articolo mette a confronto due casi emblematici di pseudo-traduzione nella cultura meridionale post-unitaria: la beffa letteraria di Luigi Capuana Un poeta danese (1882 e le ‘tedescherie’ di Salvatore di Giacomo, gruppo di novelle pubblicate nel 1878 che molti considerarono (a torto un plagio da ignoto autore tedesco

  14. Design and Execution of make-like, distributed Analyses based on Spotify’s Pipelining Package Luigi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdmann, M.; Fischer, B.; Fischer, R.; Rieger, M.

    2017-10-01

    In high-energy particle physics, workflow management systems are primarily used as tailored solutions in dedicated areas such as Monte Carlo production. However, physicists performing data analyses are usually required to steer their individual workflows manually which is time-consuming and often leads to undocumented relations between particular workloads. We present a generic analysis design pattern that copes with the sophisticated demands of end-to-end HEP analyses and provides a make-like execution system. It is based on the open-source pipelining package Luigi which was developed at Spotify and enables the definition of arbitrary workloads, so-called Tasks, and the dependencies between them in a lightweight and scalable structure. Further features are multi-user support, automated dependency resolution and error handling, central scheduling, and status visualization in the web. In addition to already built-in features for remote jobs and file systems like Hadoop and HDFS, we added support for WLCG infrastructure such as LSF and CREAM job submission, as well as remote file access through the Grid File Access Library. Furthermore, we implemented automated resubmission functionality, software sandboxing, and a command line interface with auto-completion for a convenient working environment. For the implementation of a t \\overline{{{t}}} H cross section measurement, we created a generic Python interface that provides programmatic access to all external information such as datasets, physics processes, statistical models, and additional files and values. In summary, the setup enables the execution of the entire analysis in a parallelized and distributed fashion with a single command.

  15. DIREITOS HUMANOS E DIREITOS FUNDAMENTAIS: CONVERGÊNCIAS ENTRE JOAQUÍN HERRERA FLORES E LUIGI FERRAJOLI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leilane Serratine Grubba, UFSC, Brasil

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O trabalho tem como objeto a reflexão sobre o fundamento dos Direitos Humanos e sua indissociável relação com os Direitos Fundamentais, no âmbito do Estado de Direito contemporâneo. Para tanto, procura estabelecer possíveis convergências teóricas entre Joaquín Herrera Flores e Luigi Ferrajoli. A análise dos Direitos Fundamentais, a partir da teoria garantista; e dos Direitos Humanos, com base da teoria crítica da reinvenção, é tanto um desafio teórico quanto prático do século XXI. Isso, em virtude da necessidade da investigação de seus fundamentos teóricos e possibilidades de implementação na dialética da práxis da vida em sociedade, para que as conquistas históricas de Direitos não sejam reduzidas à mera retórica hegemônico-conservadora de uma ordem global fundada na desigualdade e exploração. Percebe-se, então, que o constitucionalismo e os Direitos não importam em conquistas, mas em programas normativos a serem buscados diariamente, tal como a democracia e a paz. Nesse sentido, situa-se a importância do estudo dos direitos, estejam eles em normativas nacionais ou internacionais, bem como situá-los em sua transitoriedade e constante construção, em suma, em sua historicidade, para serem efetivamente garantidos. Palavras-chave: Garantismo. Teoria crítica. Direitos Humanos. Direitos Fundamentais.

  16. Evolution of the knowledge of electricity and electrotherapeutics with special reference to X-rays and cancer. Part 1. Ancient Greeks to Luigi Galvani

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mould, R. F.; Aronowitz, J. N.

    2006-01-01

    We present a chronological review of the growth points in the knowledge of electricity, especially as applied to medicine. Commencing with the ancient Greeks and ending with cancer electrotherapeutics at the turn of the 20 t h century, our history is arranged in chronological order by years of the investigators. William Gilbert (1540-1603) initiated the era of scientific investigation, followed by advances in later centuries by Otto von Guericke (1602-1686), Abbe Nollet (1700-1770), Luigi Galvani (1737-1798), Alessandro Volta ( 1745-1827), Michael Faraday (1791-1867) and Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) among others. Although electrotherapy was infrequently used to treatment malignancy, it was to make a major contribution to cancer therapy because the experience gained in electrotherapeutics paved the way for the rapid adoption of diagnostic and therapeutic radiology. Within a year of rontge's discovery, more than a thousand books, pamphlets and papers about X-rays were published. (author)

  17. A trajetória do monsenhor Luigi Pescarmona e as lutas pela reforma agrária na Diocese de Guarabira/PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Fagundes de Paiva Neto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available No artigo, procuramos responder a questão de como seu deu a trajetória religiosa-política do padre italiano Luigi Pescarmona entre duas grandes transições no campo religioso católico: o Concílio do Vaticano e a crise da Teologia da Libertação, a partir da década de 1980. Entre a década de 1960 e 1990, analisamos como ocorreu uma experiência religiosa-política do padre Pescarmona, por meio de um habitus partisão, ligado à Teologia da Libertação, cuja relação se deu com a reforma agrária no estado da Paraíba. Os aportes de Pierre Bourdieu fomentaram a percepção sobre a dinâmica do campo político, as disputas simbólicas, os conflitos entre classes e de representações. Quanto à contribuição micro histórica, recorremos ao uso das escalas, que nos permitiu perscrutar as fontes disponíveis. Utilizamos fontes orais, bibliográficas, primárias, artigos de jornais e documentos oriundos de arquivos judiciais.

  18. [The scientific progress of the "Clinica del Lavoro Luigi Devoto" as seen through the contents of the journal "La Medicina del Lavoro". ].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foà, V; Camerino, Donatella

    2003-01-01

    On occasion of the Centenary of the "Clinica del Lavoro Luigi Devoto", its researchers suggested that awareness of its historical identity and scientific development should constitute the basis for the future of the Institution. The directors of the Institute who have succeeded one to the other over the years have left a vivid report of the vast amount of work developed in several research fields and also of the original results achieved with significant impact on the scientific community and on society. Content analysis of "La Medicina del Lavoro" allowed us to shed light on strong bonds existing between manufacturing techniques, work organization and health, in the different political and social periods in which they developed. Many actions have been defined and several research subjects have been renewed (according to current demands and new methodological possibilities) between the past and the present, nevertheless many new approaches need to be taken in the fields of epidemiology, indoor air quality, ergophthalmology, muskuloskeletal disorders, environmental and molecular toxicology, and further research will be undertaken thanks to the potential of this discipline for the future. The aim of this report is also to express our thanks to all the medical and non-medical staff who have made their contribution over 100 years of engagement.

  19. Luigi Nono: spazio e composizione

    OpenAIRE

    Lazzarini, Giulia

    2014-01-01

    Architettura e musica. Spazio e tempo. Suono. Esperienza. Queste le parole chiave da cui ha preso avvio la mia ricerca. Tutto è iniziato dall’intuizione dell’esistenza di un legame tra due discipline cui ho dedicato molto tempo e studio, completando due percorsi accademici paralleli, la Facoltà di architettura e il Conservatorio. Dopo un lavoro d’individuazione e analisi degli infiniti spunti di riflessione che il tema offriva, ho focalizzato l’attenzione su uno degli esempi più emblema...

  20. Landscape concept in photography: from Luigi Ghirri to Antonio Ottomanelli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodora Malavenda

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In the 80s of the last century the Italian photography, like other art forms, reflected the political, economic and cultural changes of the Nation. It was the time of a new documentary photography that investigated the transformation of the urban areas. Within this process the landscape was the subject of a new interpretation. In 2013 this process of documentation was worked out again, but in a modern way, by Antonio Ottomanelli. In his project "Collateral Landscape", he took pictures in different cities of the world such as Kabul, Baghdad, Sadr City, Herat, Dokan, New York, Gaza City. Distant places and only apparently different from each other. In fact, all of them have been destroyed by war or, in the case of New York, have been target of a terrorist attack.

  1. isotopie della nazione e della patria locale in luigi meneghello

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell'opera meneghelliana di costellazioni di riflessioni e di termini riferiti o aventi tratti semantici .... La bibliografia critica sull'opera di Meneghello è ormai molto ricca e articolata, come mostrano gli apparati bibliografici ..... letteraria, che traduce quel caos storico del dopoguerra nell'efficace nuova isotopia figurale di un ...

  2. Speech of Dr. Luigi Patronaggio, Chief Prosecutor of Agrigento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Patronaggio

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Is it possible to have a kind of justice that goes beyond punitive action? Is it possible to form a social conflict, also considering the new migratory flows and the different cultural identities of social actors? Are we capable of handling the complexity of this society where different cultures coexist and “shadows/hates”, apparently unmanageable, are more and more present? This speech attempts to answer to all of these questions by entrusting the solution to principles of right and tolerance.

  3. 97 Luigi Malerba, Che vergogna scrivere, Milano: Mondadori, 1996 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    This collection of four loosely-connected essays deals, inter alia, with the status of literature and the writer in society. The first, "Lo scrittore come fantasma", moves from the servile position of the author during the Renaissance, to the author becoming a producer of commodities with the advent of copyright in 1793, pointing.

  4. Luigi Gatteschi's work on asymptotics of special functions and their zeros

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gautschi, Walter; Giordano, Carla

    2008-12-01

    A good portion of Gatteschi's research publications-about 65%-is devoted to asymptotics of special functions and their zeros. Most prominently among the special functions studied figure classical orthogonal polynomials, notably Jacobi polynomials and their special cases, Laguerre polynomials, and Hermite polynomials by implication. Other important classes of special functions dealt with are Bessel functions of the first and second kind, Airy functions, and confluent hypergeometric functions, both in Tricomi's and Whittaker's form. This work is reviewed here, and organized along methodological lines.

  5. In tribute to Luigi Castagnetta-drawings. A narrative approach for children with cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massimo, Luisa M; Zarri, Daniela A

    2006-11-01

    In troublesome situations, each of us uses verbal communication carefully, at times diminishing our meaning with words of little significance. However, since the need to communicate remains a part of us, body language or other forms of expression are put into use. Inside a hospital a child is always a stranger with regards to the uneasiness that accompanies his/her experience. Because diagnostic and therapeutic ends are the primary concern of the health care professionals, there is often little sign of affection in their impersonal gestures, glances and body language. Graphic and pictorial communication, therefore, hold great importance for sick children since this is an area they have easier access to, and that they cultivate at school and through play. This activity fulfills their innate need to communicate with themselves and with others. Children express themselves through drawings, using them as a stage to dramatize their needs, wishes anxieties, and joys. When in hospital, children are afraid, and they feel embarrassed around strangers and even parents, especially when the parents are speaking with their caregivers. The children are afraid of making a poor impression and of being rejected by adults, of being considered inadequate and untruthful. Their need for truth and for communication unfolds through artistic expression, and this is the basis of art therapy. The opportunity to express themselves through drawings is what makes the ill child his/her won therapeutic agent through a self-healing mechanism. This may be further guided so as to lead to an increase in self-esteem, which in turn will lead to both enhancement of their full expressive possibilities and to positive feedback of their self-image. In addition to verbal language itself, art therapy is the preferred and ideal means to communicate following the rules of "narrative-based medicine", and to understand children. In this study spontaneous drawings of 50 Italian children affected by leukemia or cancer in different stages were evaluated during 2003 at the outpatient clinic of G. Gaslini Children's Hospital. Ages ranged from 4 to 14 years (median 8 years); 27 were males and 23 females. They drew in three situations: spontaneously when they were alone; with play workers; and with the psychologist. Pictures emerging from these settings have proven to be significant and denote the children's perception of the disease, and of their fears and hopes. The children's drawings allowed them to depict their present and future relationship with the disease, with the hospital, and with the environment in general. Their pictures reflected not only their current state of mind, but also past experiences and future prospects. Art therapy proved to be a vitally important means of "narrative" communication for severely sick children in hospital. Thus, collecting and evaluating drawings in an attempt to establish the intellectual, cultural, and emotional status of each child is of paramount importance. To this end, workers have been trained to carefully observe ech child while drawing. Such extremely important collaboration prevents the loss of relevant and vital details. This research confirms our theory that art therapy has to be included in the total care of a severely ill child while in hospital. Drawings accompanied by comments certainly provide a broader approach to better understanding the child's anxiety and feelings.

  6. OS DIREITOS FUNDAMENTAIS A PARTIR DO CONTRATO SOCIAL: O GARANTISMO DE LUIGI FERRAJOLI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizângela Inocêncio Mattos

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente texto tem por objetivo analisar, a partir das clássicas teorias contratualistas, a concepção dos direitos fundamentais, a luz do texto de Ferrajoli e o apontamento da necessária garantia desses direitos em um Estado democrático. Para tanto, um panorama sucinto acerca dos direitos fundamentais se apresenta a partir da ideia do contrato social, que fomenta, por conseguinte, as ações dos indivíduos para que os direitos fundamentais sejam, sendo fundamentais, imprescindíveis para a vida e dignidade humana.Abstract: This paper aims to analyze based on classical contractualist theories, the concepto f fundamental rights, the light of the text and pointing Ferrajoli the necessary grarantee of those rights in a democratic state. For his, a succinct overview about fundamental rights presents itself from the Idea of social contract that promotes therefore the actions of individuals so that fundamental rights are being fundamental, essential for life and human dignity.

  7. Inmigrantes italianos en Argentina: la Correspondencia entre Oreste, Abele y Luigi Sola (1901-1922

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Sanhueza

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios históricos de la inmigración generalmente se concentran más en el análisis de datos y números que dan cuenta del comportamiento de masas de individuos y menos en las experiencias individuales. Es por eso que la correspondencia epistolar de la familia Sola, intercambiada sin interrupción a lo largo de 22 años, 1901 a 1922, debe ser analizada no solo como documento histórico sino también en sus dimensiones sociales y políticas ya que, en su conjunto, ofrece una instantánea de la experiencia inmigratoria, en el momento en que evidencia la comunicación bidireccional establecida entre los miembros de una familia particular y muestra una perspectiva transnacional de cómo la inmigración transformó a Italia y a Argentina, es decir, entendida como discurso público al tiempo que como discurso privado.

  8. Arquitectura urbana: la lección olvidada de Luigi Cosenza en Nápoles

    OpenAIRE

    Fontana, Maria Pia; Mayorga Cárdenas, Miguel Yuri

    2014-01-01

    La historiografía del Movimiento Moderno se ha centrado en las obras singulares de los “grandes maestros” y en los lugares en que construyeron, dando una imagen parcial de un fenómeno que tuvo una extensión y profundidad bastante mayor al refl ejado en las miradas canónicas. Consecuencia inevitable de esta desatención, es la desvalorización teórica, social y física, de una importante herencia cultural, con todo lo que ello supone de pérdida de patrimonio y memoria histórica. Éste es, en sínte...

  9. Immunological Prevention of Spontaneous Mammary Carcinoma in Transgenic Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-08-01

    developed more slowly by transgenic FVB Anatomia Patologica, Ospedale S.S. Annunziata, Via Valignani, 66100 female mice carrying the wild-type proto...coopted (Pezzella et al., 1997). Anatomia Patologica. Ospedale SS. Annunziata, Via Valignani, 66100 Chieti, Italy. Fax: 39 0871 330471. E-mail: musiani...lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; and Reprints: Piero Musiani, G. d’ Annunzio University of Chieti, Anatomia Department of Experimental

  10. La crisis de la ley en Luigi Ferrajoli: algunas consideraciones desde la teoría de la legislación || The Crisis of Law in Luigi Ferrajoli: Some Comments from the Perspective of Legislation Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Centenera Sanchez Seco

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La preocupación por la calidad de las normas es una cuestión cada vez más presente en nuestro tiempo. La obra Principia iuris del profesor Ferrajoli no es una excepción. En ella se diagnostican problemas tales como el lenguaje oscuro de las normas, la legislación penal con carácter simbólico, la inflación normativa o el colapso de los tribunales. Ante tales circunstancias, en la obra señalada se proponen varias soluciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar algunas de estas propuestas desde la perspectiva de la teoría de la legislación. Este ejercicio puede resultar interesante, por cuanto con él es posible contribuir al desarrollo de las propuestas de Ferrajoli, matizar algunas de ellas, y reflexionar sobre determinados aspectos que quizá pudieran ser discutibles.

  11. Konference Nineteenth-Century Programme Music, Centro Studi Opera Omnia Luigi Boccherini, Lucca 25.-27. listopadu 2016

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Myslivcová, Eva; Zapletal, Miloš

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 4 (2016), s. 419-420 ISSN 0018-7003. [Nineteenth-Century Programme Music . Lucca, 25.11.2016-27.11.2016] Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Programme Music * Nineteenth-Century Music Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage OBOR OECD: Performing arts studies ( Music ology, Theater science, Dramaturgy)

  12. Mario, Luigi and Dave: the effect of language on the social structure of a bilingual online mobile game

    OpenAIRE

    Kirman, Ben; Lawson, Shaun; Linehan, Conor

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we explore the structure of a social community built in an online game that was released in two languages, specifically examining the behaviours of players involved in inter-lingual interaction. This asynchronous social game was released simultaneously in Italian and English. The player base was seeded with English and Italian players but allowed to grow organically without restriction. Despite the built-in segregation by language, we found that the entire player-base formed in...

  13. Dalle Americhe all’Europa: la sfortunata trasmigrazione degli erbari di Carlo Luigi Giuseppe Bertero (1789-1831

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Borri

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Carlo Bertero was trained in Alba and then in Turin, studying with very good teachers who taught him, in addition to botany, political and ethical principles. After having studied the domestic flora, the young botanist travelled to the Antilles (1816-1821, to Chile (1827-1830 and to Tahiti (1830-1831. Thanks to his scientific works many new species were recognized and many specimina were sent to Europe to collectors as well as to botanic gardens, being spread out in different places. When, in 1831, the boat, on which Bertero was boarded, sank into Pacific ocean, all his collection of Tahitian plants disappeared with him. Despite of the dispersion of the collected materials, the botanists have been successful in reconstructing a good part of his activity. Nevertheless his unique writing appeared on the magazine El Mercurio Chileno, when the botanist was living in Santiago during the government of F.A. Pinto, the first liberal president of such country. The historical documentation has disclosed that, during his co-operation with the magazine, the Italian botanist supported the governmental policy, being consistent with his juvenile principles. When Pinto was overthrown, after a fierce civil war, which brought the conservative party to the power, Bertero fell into disgrace and had to leave the country, while the mission to write a natural story of Chile was granted to his competitor, the French botanist Claude Gay, who joined the new political course.

  14. E-learning e Università. Riflessioni tratte dalle interviste a quattro esperti italiani: Antonio Calvani, Luigi Guerra, Roberto Maragliano, Pier Cesare Rivoltella.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Corazza

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Quattro esperti italiani di e-learning in ambito universitario hanno accettato di rispondere ad alcune domande su vantaggi e svantaggi, caratteristiche attuali e prospettive future di una nuova forma di didattica, l’e-learning, che richiede un ripensamento complessivo del modo di intendere l’apprendimento, lo sviluppo del sapere e la formazione della conoscenza.

  15. Muusikamaailm : Luigi Nono 75. sünniaasta. Junge Deutsche Philharmonie ئ 25. Hispaania muusika Saarimaal. Marilyn Horne lahkub lavalt / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    L. Nono 75. sünniaastapäeva tähistamisest Itaalias ja Saksamaal. Saksa orkestri tegevusest. 27.mail algavatest Saarimaa muusikapidustustest Saksamaal, mis on pühendatud hispaania muusikale. M. Horne lauljategevusest

  16. Continuidad y discontinuidad : las revistas de arquitectura de Luigi Moretti y Ernesto Nathan Rogers en el Milán de la década de 1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orsina Simona Pierini

    2016-05-01

    Por tanto, sus éxitos son muy distintos: en el caso de Moretti la mente seguía la fascinación de sus arquitecturas, casi nunca publicadas en la revista, pero muy presentes por su fuerza icónica, mientras que en al caso del profesor Rogers, el legado parece confiarse a un lápiz, tan distinto del de sus amigos y alumnos.

  17. Approaching Resistance to Targeted Inhibition of PI3K in Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    R, Marengo S, Curcio C, Costa C, Azzolino O, Gonella C, Rubinetto C, Wu H, Dastru W, Martin EL, Silengo L, Altruda F, Turco E, Lanzetti L, Musiani P...LC (1998) Phosphoinositide kinases. Annu Rev Biochem 67:481–507 Garami A, Zwartkruis FJ, Nobukuni T, Joaquin M, Roccio M, Stocker H, Kozma SC, Hafen E

  18. Apuntes para una crítica ideológica a Principia Iuris de Luigi Ferrajoli. Por una (meta teoría popular del derecho || Notes for an Ideological Critique of Luigi Ferrajoli’s Principia Iuris. Towrds a Popular (Meta Theory of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Manuel Lloredo Alix

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El objetivo de este artículo es esbozar una crítica ideológica a la teoría del derecho de Principia Iuris. Se intentará mostrar que el propósito metateórico de Ferrajoli adolece de cierto elitismo intelectual y que, inconscientemente, ello le aleja de la función democratizadora que debería tener la teoría del derecho. Desgranaremos la crítica en dos aspectos: primero se cuestionará el cometido que Ferrajoli asigna a la filosofía y se impugnará la pretensión de trazar una teoría general del derecho en el contexto de la globalización; después se señalarán algunos elementos para la crítica del método axiomatizado, denunciando el formalismo en que incurre y los obstáculos que plantea para la cultura democrática. Abstract: The aim of this paper is to outline an ideological critique to the legal theory of Principia Iuris. It is intended to show that Ferrajoli’s meta-theoretical purpose suffers from intellectual elitism and that he unconsciously departs from the democratic function that legal theory might have. We will divide the critique in two issues: firstly, the aim that Ferrajoli grants to critical philosophy will be called into question and it will be argued that the claim of designing a general theory of law is no longer useful in the context of globalization; secondly, we will point out some elements for the criticism of axiomatic method, by denouncing its formalism and the obstacles it presents for a democratic culture.

  19. Apuntes para una crítica ideológica a Principia Iuris de Luigi Ferrajoli. Por una (meta teoría popular del derecho || Notes for an Ideological Critique of Luigi Ferrajoli’s Principia Iuris. Towrds a Popular (Meta Theory of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Manuel Lloredo Alix

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El objetivo de este artículo es esbozar una crítica ideológica a la teoría del derecho de Principia Iuris. Se intentará mostrar que el propósito metateórico de Ferrajoli adolece de cierto elitismo intelectual y que, inconscientemente, ello le aleja de la función democratizadora que debería tener la teoría del derecho. Desgranaremos la crítica en dos aspectos: primero se cuestionará el cometido que Ferrajoli asigna a la filosofía y se impugnará la pretensión de trazar una teoría general del derecho en el contexto de la globalización; después se señalarán algunos elementos para la crítica del método axiomatizado, denunciando el formalismo en que incurre y los obstáculos que plantea para la cultura democrática.Abstract: The aim of this paper is to outline an ideological critique to the legal theory of Principia Iuris. It is intended to show that Ferrajoli’s meta-theoretical purpose suffers from intellectual elitism and that he unconsciously departs from the democratic function that legal theory might have. We will divide the critique in two issues: firstly, the aim that Ferrajoli grants to critical philosophy will be called into question and it will be argued that the claim of designing a general theory of law is no longer useful in the context of globalization; secondly, we will point out some elements for the criticism of axiomatic method, by denouncing its formalism and the obstacles it presents for a democratic culture. 

  20. Uvidet heruvima / Boris Bernstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Бернштейн, Борис, 1924-2015

    2006-01-01

    Inglite kujundi loomisest euroopalike traditsioonide baasil. Inglite kujutamine Euroopa kunstis. Vaadeldud Jean Fouquet, Benozzo Gozzoli, Raffaeli, Luigi Bernini, Aleksandr Ivanovi, Alek Rapoporti töid

  1. Language, Evolution and Mind

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saint-Germier, Pierre Laurent G

    A collection of essays offered to Anne Reboul on the occasion of her 60th birthday. Contributions by Deirdre Wilson, Kevin Mulligan, Eros Corazza, Ira Noveck, Cedric Boeckx, Luigi Rizzi, Frederick Newmeyer (among others)...

  2. Ljubov bez ljubvi Luidzhi Pirandello / Jelena Skulskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skulskaja, Jelena, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    Luigi Pirandello "Nii see on, kui teile nii näib" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Adolf Shapiro, kunstnik Vladimir Anshon, kostüümid Kristina Pasternaka Lätist ja valguskunstnik Gleb Filshtinski. Esietendus 11. nov

  3. Sobre o problema da autonomia da arte e suas implicações hermenêuticas e ontológicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Abdo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute o problema da autonomia da arte e suas implicações hermenêuticas e ontológicas, tomando por base as concepções de Herbert Marcuse e de Luigi Pareyson.This article discusses the problem of artistic autonomy and its hermeneutic and ontological implications from the point of view of Herbert Marcuse's and Luigi Pareyson's theory.

  4. The road, the bridge, the square, the tower: the act of being a social educator today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Ciotti

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Beginning with an overview of the current cultural, social and ethical climate in which a social educator operates, Luigi Ciotti underlines the importance of healthy realism, accompanied with passion in order to face the difficulties and risks involved in social and educational work. He emphasised the importance of constantly renewing motivation and courage in order to continue to build hope when dealing with peoples needs. Concrete examples of real life experiences that have marked the life of Luigi Ciotti emerge from this from this discussion with Professoressa Spetltini reinforcing the idea of feeling of never arriving at a destination but always being ready to listen.

  5. Misery, Corruption, and Presidential Approval

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosas, Guillermo; Manzetti, Luigi

    2016-01-01

    This is a guest post by Guillermo Rosas and Luigi Manzetti. It summarizes their recent paper, ‘Reassessing the trade-off hypothesis: How misery drives the corruption effect on presidential approval’ that was published in Electoral Studies, Volume 39, September 2015, pp. 26–38.......This is a guest post by Guillermo Rosas and Luigi Manzetti. It summarizes their recent paper, ‘Reassessing the trade-off hypothesis: How misery drives the corruption effect on presidential approval’ that was published in Electoral Studies, Volume 39, September 2015, pp. 26–38....

  6. JPRS Report Science & Technology Europe & Latin America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-09-11

    Commission (TECHNOLOGIE NACHRICHTEN-MANAGEMENT INFORMATIONEN, No 457, 12 Jun 87) 4 FRG Economic Minister Sets Rules for Airbus Subsidies...setting up of an infrastructure. 8707 CSO: 3698/M320 AEROSPACE, CIVIL AVIATION WEST EUROPE FRG ECONOMIC MINISTER SETS RULES FOR AIRBUS SUBSIDIES...program: 31 December 1989 Luigi Franchi Inc., large company classification Program: Research and development of a computerized multispindle forming

  7. Noor kunst Prahas. Ikka biennaalil / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-

    2007-01-01

    Praha kunstibiennaalist - Praguebiennale 3. Glocal and outsiders: Connecting cultures in Central Europe. Eesti, läti ja leedu kunstnike ühisnäitusest "Balti mütoloogiad". Eestit esindasid Merike Estna, Alice Kask ja Mark Raidpere. Intervjuu näituse ühe kuraatori Luigi Fassiga. Avatud 24.05.-16.09.2007

  8. 40th Anniversary of the First Proton-Proton Collisions in the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR)

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2011-01-01

    Welcome, Luigi di Lella and Rolf HeuerDesign and Construction of the ISR, Kurt HubnerPhysics at small angles, Ugo Amaldi (TERA Foundation)The Impact of the ISR on Accelerator Physics and Technology, Philip J. BryantPhysics at high transverse momentum, Pierre Darriulat (VATLY-Hanoi)Concluding remarks, Rolf Heuer

  9. Reconstructing modalities of magma storage in the crust by thermo-rheological modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caricchi, L.; Annen, C.; Rust, A.; Blundy, J.

    2012-04-01

    During my PhD I worked under the supervision of Luigi Burlini studying the rheological behaviour of magma. Luigi was not only a great teacher and friend but he was also able to project the science he was performing beyond the obvious applications. This aspect of Luigi's approach shaped my approach to research and brought me to think to ways of applying the studies we performed together to unravel the complexity of nature that impassioned and inspired him. This contribution comes from the motivation and interest that Luigi created in me during the short, but truly memorable journey we shared together. This study combines petrology, thermal modelling and magma rheology to characterise timescales and modalities of magma emplacement in the Earth's crust. Thermal modelling was performed to determine the influence of magma injection rates in the crust on the temperature evolution of a magmatic body. The injected tonalitic magma was considered to contain dioritic enclaves, common in plutons. The contrast in chemical composition between host and enclaves leads to different crystallinities of these magmas during cooling and produce a rheological contrast that permits reciprocal deformation only in restricted temperature ranges. Characterising the thermal and rheological evolution of host magma and enclaves, we traced the evolution of strain recorded by these inclusions during the construction of an intrusion, showing that the strain recorded by enclaves distributed in different portions of a pluton can be used to constrain thermal evolution in time, magmatic fluxes and timescale of assemblage of magmatic bodies in the crust.

  10. Un caso d’amor fou nella società aristocratica genovese del secolo XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Bettin Lattes

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Perché nel cuore del centro storico di Genova esiste una “piazza dell’amor perfetto”? Sullo sfondo delle tumultuose vicende politiche del secolo XVI la passione, altrettanto tumultuosa, di Tommasina Spinola, nobile genovese, per Luigi XII, Re di Francia, trasforma l’amore in tragedia.

  11. “Un fenomeno di sdoppiamento” : Riso, emozioni e logica simmetrica nel modernismo italiano

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Godioli, Alberto

    2017-01-01

    This paper focuses on four major exponents of Italian modernism: Luigi Pirandello, Italo Svevo, Aldo Palazzeschi, and Carlo Emilio Gadda. Individual differences aside, their work is characterized by what can be defined as absolute laughter – i.e., a tendency to question the overall seriousness of

  12. Thinking Sound through the Notion of the Time-Image. Deleuze’s Cinema Studies as a Model for Problematising Sound in Artistic Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Paiuk, G.

    2017-01-01

    In 2013 I had the chance to listen to a performance of Italian composer Luigi Nono’s work No hay caminos . . . a Andrei Tarkowskij (1987), for seven instrumental groups distributed around the audience, at the main hall of the Cité de la Musique, in Paris. I recall being startled about three-quarters

  13. Volta and Galvani: New Electricity from Old. Experiment No. 22.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devons, Samuel

    Presented is a descriptive account of Alessandro Volta's first notable success in 1775, the invention of a unique method of generating electricity. Luigi Galvani's announcement of his theory of "animal electricity" in 1972 is integrated into this interpretation of Volta's discoveries with electricity. Five experiments are described: (1)…

  14. Tokyos avati uus kunstimuuseum / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2003-01-01

    Kunstimuuseum asub Roppong Hilli kvartalis 54-korruselise pilvelõhkuja tipus. Hoone projekteeris ameerika arhitekt Richard Gluckman. Muuseumi juhib David Elliott. Kinnisvaraarendaja Minoru Mori kollektsioonita muuseumi eesmärgist, D. Elliotti ja Pier Luigi Tazzi kureeritud avanäitusest "Happiness" ja näituseplaanidest

  15. C : disainialfabeet / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Andmeid disainerite kohta: Archille Castiglioni (1918-2002), Antonio Citterio (s. 1950), Luigi Colani (s. 1928), Joe Colombo (1930-1971), Terence Conran (s.1931). Briti disainerite Clare Page (s. 1975) ja Harry Richardsoni (s. 1975) firmast Committee. Cranbrooki kunstiakadeemiast USA-s

  16. Urbanization in Kenya: Urbanization Trends and Prospects; Rural Development and Urban Growth. An International Urbanization Survey Report to the Ford Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurenti, Luigi; Gerhart, John

    Two articles on the urbanization of Kenya are presented in this survey. The first one, "Urbanization Trends and Prospects," by Luigi Laurenti, states that urbanization has only recently been recognized as a problem of some importance in Kenya, and this recognition is far from comprehensive. Consequently, public policy--and especially…

  17. 5 kandidaati nüüdisaegse arhitektuuri auhinnale / Maris Meiesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meiessaar, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu Mies van der Rohe nim. preemia finalistid: Atelier Marc Barani (Nice'i trammivõrk ja jalakäijate ala), Massimiliano ja Doriana Fuksas (Zenith Music Hall Strasbourgis), Grafton Architects (Luigi Bocconi ülikool Milanos), Snohetta (Norra ooperi- ja balletiteater Oslos), RCR Aranda Pigem Vilalta Arquitectes (Barcelona Sant Antoni linnaosa raamatukogu, vanurite keskus, linnaruum). Loetletud seitse kandidaati Eestist

  18. The team responsible for modifying the L3 magnet doors for the ALICE experiment

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    First row from left to right: Vladimir Borkov (ITEP), Vladimir Bocharov (ITEP) and Vladimir Petrov(ITEP). 2nd row from left to right: Didier Anstett (SOTEB), Bernard Bourgade (DBS Transport), Sebastien Evrard (EST-LEA), Ferdinando Dalla Santa (EP-AIO), Igor Vetlitskiy (ITEP) and Luigi Pigni (EST-LEA)

  19. On Tuesday 21 July, Director General Chris Llewellyn Smith unveiled the sign naming the Route Abdus Salam on the Meyrin site

    CERN Document Server

    Oliver O'Hanlon

    1998-01-01

    Photo no 02 : Also at the brief ceremony were some of those who contributed to these and subsequent physics developments at CERN, and for whom Salam's name has a special meaning : left to right - Maurice Jacob, John Ellis, Don Cundy, Chris Llewellyn Smith, Horst Wachsmuth, Luigi Di Lella, Alan Ball, Gregoire Kantardjian, Gordon Fraser, Guy Acquistapace.

  20. Root Cause Investigation Best Practices Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-30

    Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, April 1997 A-1 Appendix A. Case Study A.1 Type B Reaction Wheel...Ricardo Gonzalez ricardo.gonzalez@baesystem s.com BAE Systems Dale Gordon dale.gordon@rocket.com Rocket Chuck Gray Chuckg@fescorp.com Fescorp Luigi Greco

  1. Il capitalismo non è un termine evangelico. Una breve riflessione “sturziana” rileggendo l’Enciclica Caritas in veritate di Benedetto XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Barbieri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available SOMMARIO: 1. Economia e religione - 2. L’etica protestante e lo spirito del capitalismo - 3. L’etica cattolica e il capitalismo - 4. Il capitalismo buono e l’umanizzazione dell’economia - 5. Il capitalismo cattivo - 6. La riflessione di Luigi Sturzo.Brevi cenni.

  2. Stockholmi Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumi uus elu / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    1998-01-01

    Stockholmi Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumist, mille Stockholmi südalinnas Skeppsholmeni saarel asuvas uues, spetsiaalselt kaasaegse kunsti näitamiseks ja hoidmiseks projekteeritud hoones (arhitekt Rafael Moneo) avati 14. veebr. kunsti-, foto- ja arhitektuurimuuseum. Muuseumi ajaloost, eesmärkidest. Moderna Museet'i direktori David Eliott'i esimesest kuraatoritööst (koos Pier Luigi Tazziga) "Haavad".

  3. I documenti sonori della musica elettronica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvise Vidolin

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Sound documents of electronic music After a short introduction about the history of sound memory the transformations that were introduced by the birth of sound documents, which were brought also in society, especially within the electroacustic music repertoire, are described with a particular attention to the interaction of acoustical and electronic instruments, and therefore to the performance aspect. The magnetic tape is the object of work for the composer and for the performer. The study of the case that we are considering right now concerns the retrieval and restoration of tapes to set up a performance, such as A floresta è jovem e Cheja de vida by Luigi Nono, stored partly by the Editor Brand Ricordi in Milan and at the Luigi Nono Archive in Venice.

  4. CERN Library | Book presentation: "60 years of CERN experiments and discoveries" | 15 December

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Library

    2015-01-01

    "60 years of CERN experiments and discoveries", edited by Herwig Schopper and Luigi Di Lella.   Tuesday 15 December at 16:00 Room C (Building 61) The presentation will be followed by refreshments The book contains a description of the most important experimental results achieved at CERN during the past 60 years, from the mid-1950s to the latest discovery of the Higgs particle. It covers the results from early accelerators at CERN to the most recent results at the LHC and thus provides an excellent review of the achievements of this outstanding laboratory. It reflects not only the impressive scientific progress achieved during the past six decades but demonstrates also the special way of successful international collaboration developed at CERN. The e-book is available in Open Access here thanks to an agreement between CERN and the publisher. "60 years of CERN experiments and discoveries", ed. by Herwig Schopper and Luigi Di Lella, World Scientific, 2015, ISBN 9789...

  5. El garantismo como constitucionalismo de reglas. (Apuntes sobre las normas en Principia iuris || Garantism as Constitutionalism Based on Rules. (Notes on Legal Norms in Principia Iuris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco M. Mora Sifuentes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Luigi Ferrajoli ha sido catalogado a menudo de neoconstitucionalista no obstante defender algunas tesis que dificultan encuadrarle en dicha corriente. Ello puede verse de forma clara en su concepto de norma. En este trabajo intentaré mostrar en qué sentido Ferrajoli se aleja del neoconstitucionalismo basado en principios para, posteriormente, incidir en la importancia de reglas en el marco general de Principia Iuris. Abstract: Luigi Ferrajoli is commonly known as a neoconstitucionalista. However, he has always defended some theses that make it difficult to confirm that assertion. This fact can be observed in his concept of norm. In this paper I intend to show in what sense Ferrajoli tends to separate his garantismo from principle based neoconstitutionalismo in order to, finally, stress the importance of rules in the general frame of Principia iuris.

  6. El garantismo como constitucionalismo de reglas. (Apuntes sobre las normas en Principia iuris || Garantism as Constitutionalism Based on Rules. (Notes on Legal Norms in Principia Iuris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco M. Mora Sifuentes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Luigi Ferrajoli ha sido catalogado a menudo de neoconstitucionalista no obstante defender algunas tesis que dificultan encuadrarle en dicha corriente. Ello puede verse de forma clara en su concepto de norma. En este trabajo intentaré mostrar en qué sentido Ferrajoli se aleja del neoconstitucionalismo basado en principios para, posteriormente, incidir en la importancia de reglas en el marco general de Principia Iuris.Abstract: Luigi Ferrajoli is commonly known as a neoconstitucionalista. However, he has always defended some theses that make it difficult to confirm that assertion. This fact can be observed in his concept of norm. In this paper I intend to show in what sense Ferrajoli tends to separate his garantismo from principle based neoconstitutionalismo in order to, finally, stress the importance of rules in the general frame of Principia iuris.

  7. The bicentennial of the Voltaic battery (1800-2000): the artificial electric organ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccolino, M

    2000-04-01

    Alessandro Volta invented the electric battery at the end of 1799 and communicated his invention to the Royal Society of London in 1800. The studies that led him to develop this revolutionary device began in 1792, after Volta read the work of Luigi Galvani on the existence of an intrinsic electricity in living organisms. During these studies, Volta obtained a series of results of great physiological relevance, which led him to anticipate some important ideas that marked the inception of modern neuroscience. These results have been obscured by a cultural tradition that has seen Volta exclusively as a physicist, lacking interest for biological problems and opposed in an irreversible way to the physiologist, Luigi Galvani.

  8. Towards agile large-scale predictive modelling in drug discovery with flow-based programming design principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampa, Samuel; Alvarsson, Jonathan; Spjuth, Ola

    2016-01-01

    Predictive modelling in drug discovery is challenging to automate as it often contains multiple analysis steps and might involve cross-validation and parameter tuning that create complex dependencies between tasks. With large-scale data or when using computationally demanding modelling methods, e-infrastructures such as high-performance or cloud computing are required, adding to the existing challenges of fault-tolerant automation. Workflow management systems can aid in many of these challenges, but the currently available systems are lacking in the functionality needed to enable agile and flexible predictive modelling. We here present an approach inspired by elements of the flow-based programming paradigm, implemented as an extension of the Luigi system which we name SciLuigi. We also discuss the experiences from using the approach when modelling a large set of biochemical interactions using a shared computer cluster.Graphical abstract.

  9. Strands of the future: France and the birth of electronica

    OpenAIRE

    Albiez, Sean

    2005-01-01

    The early history of 1970s electronic rock music, or electronica, often centres on the innovations of Brian Eno, Tangerine Dream and Kraftwerk, whose creative roots are identified as in avant-garde modernist and contemporary music (e.g. Luigi Russolo, Edgard Varese, John Cage, Karlheinz Stockhausen and Pierre Schaeffer). German, British and American artists have gained wide recognition for their roles in this history, but French artists who made important contributions to developments in earl...

  10. Fast Algorithms for Earth Mover Distance Based on Optimal Transport and L1 Regularization II

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    gradient ascent in the dual variable Φ and a gradient descent in the primal variable m. In our updates for (6), we use simple exact formulae. Since the...0. References [1] Luigi Ambrosio, Nicola Gigli, and Giuseppe Savaré. Gradient flows: in metric spaces and in the space of probability measures...continuity and summability of transport densities: simpler proofs and new estimates. Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 36 (3

  11. International Ergonomics Association Activities and Constituent Societies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    of Psychology: Ergonomics Section J. Mallart Instituto Nacional de Psicologia , Aplicada y Psiotechnia Juan Huarte de San Juan Ciudad Universitaria...Israel ITALY Bagnara, Sebastino CNR Instituto Di Psicologia via Dei Monti Tiburtini 509 00517 Roma Italy Buti, Luigi Bandini SEA via Valtorta 21 20127...Francesco Olivetti Centro di Psicologia via Jervis 77 Ivrea Italy Ruggeri, Remigio Politecnico, Dip. di Meccanica, sez Ergotecnica Ind. Piazza L de

  12. Factors involved in treatment durability and immunological recovery in a cohort of HIV-positive patients receiving atazanavir-based regimens

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Giacomelli; Letizia Oreni; Marco Franzetti; Valentina Di Cristo; Barbara Vergani; Manuela Morosi; Elisa Colella; Massimo Galli; Stefano Rusconi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Since antiretroviral therapy must be taken lifelong, persistence and safety have become the goals to achieve. Protease inhibitors, in particular atazanavir (ATV) with or without ritonavir (r), represent a highly prescribed class in real life long-term treatment. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in HIV-1-positive patients who were followed at the Infectious Diseases Unit, DIBIC Luigi Sacco, University of Milan. Data regarding viral load, CD4 lymphocytes and the ...

  13. Environmental Effects on Materials for Space Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    o;t tnut wthicni was 6.own fby the elet -nlt,ttr t- I -w~v tool I!.- for .hoolt a f :rther 2 ritt:s,:t. Pihtogtaphs taker-. fo-r erosof 3d seontis...Luigi BALIS CREMA. Renato BARBONI, Antonio CASTELI.ANI Istituto di Tecnologia Aerospaziale Via ’udossiana, 16 -- 00184 Roma - Italy SUMMARY A. series of

  14. A relação entre Estado de direito e democracia no pensamento de Bobbio e Ferrajoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Cademartori

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio trata da relação entre ostemas Estado de direito e democracia emNorberto Bobbio e Luigi Ferrajoli. A naturezadesta relação diz respeito ao alcance do conceitode democracia e produz conseqüências teóricasimportantes. Norberto Bobbio considera que épreciso não confundir Estado de direito edemocracia, embora um juízo sobre a segundadeva levar em conta a existência ou não doprimeiro. Já no caso de Luigi Ferrajoli, quetrabalha a partir das idéias de Bobbio, ocorreuma ampliação do conceito de Estado de direitopassando a vincular todos os poderes à tutelasubstancial de direitos: o Estado de direito nãosurge só historicamente antes do Estadodemocrático, mas que, mais do que isto, esteEstado é “axiologicamente” anterior ao Estadodemocrático.This assay deals with the relation entersthe democracy and subjects Rule of law inNorberto Bobbio and Luigi Ferrajoli. The natureof this relation says respect to the reach of thedemocracy concept and produces theoreticalconsequences important. Norberto Bobbioconsiders that she is necessary not to confuseRule of law and democracy, even so a judgmenton second must take in account the existence ornot of the first one. Already in the case of LuigiFerrajoli, who works from the ideas of Bobbio, amagnifying of the concept of Rule of law occursstarting to tie all to be able them with thesubstantial guardianship of rights: the Rule of lawdoes not only appear in history before thedemocratic State, but that, more than what this,this State is “axiologicamente” previous to thedemocratic State.

  15. Tra Pirandello e Judith Butler:Forma e performatività nella narrativa di Marosia Castaldi

    OpenAIRE

    Giorgio, Adalgisa

    2008-01-01

    This article sets itself a number of challenges: 1. to make a daring comparison between the notions of identity and subjectivity held by Italian modernist author Luigi Pirandello and contemporary American feminist theorist Judith Butler. 2. to use the insights generated by this unusual yet entirely tenable comparison to interpret the engagement of contemporary author Marosia Castaldi with the postmodern loss of identity. 3. to bring to light some thematic lines across the oeuvre of a writer...

  16. Architecture and the Genres of History Writing in Ecclesiastical Historiography

    OpenAIRE

    Delbeke, Maarten

    2017-01-01

    In 1588, the year he was made archbishop of Monreale like his uncle Ludovico primo before him, Cardinal Ludovico secondo de Torres published the Decrittione del real tempio, et monasterio di Santa Maria Nuova di Monreale under the name of his secretary Giovanni Luigi Lello. De Torres was an important clergyman who stood in close contact with Cesare Baronio and Filippo Neri but also, for instance, with the poet Torquato Tasso. He produced an important oeuvre on church history, liturgy, and ins...

  17. Chronovisor - A Dream of the Future or Real Experiments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teodorani, M.

    2006-10-01

    This book, entirely dedicated to the legends concerning "chronovision", is divided into three main parts: a) discussion and criticism of the alleged experiments carried out by father Pellegrino Ernetti; b) in depth study of the "neutrino space theory" by father and physicist Luigi Borello; c) discussion and criticism concerning alleged experiments carried out in the field of chronovision in the past and in recent years, using several methods.

  18. Economic Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    KITZMUELLER, Markus

    2010-01-01

    Defense date: 16/04/2010 Examining Board: Professor Pascal Courty, University of Victoria, Canada, Supervisor Professor Luigi Guiso, EUI Professor Franklin Allen, University of Pennsylvania Professor Benjamin Lockwood, University of Warwick What is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and how can we explain the phenomenon from an economic perspective? Is there a business case for CSR and was Milton Friedman right when writing in the New York Times in 1970 that "the social r...

  19. Analysis of Data for the Development of Density and Composition Models of the Upper Atmosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-01

    8217 //( Luigi G.acchia / F19628-78-C-0126 / Jack W./Slowey " _ S. PERFORIONG ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT, TASK Smithsonian...Variation: Overviev . ......so.*. 6 rIII. Longitudinally Averaged Model ............0 9 IV. Local-time Dependent Model...............o 13 V.* Future Work...are no significant residuals between the observed and computed values at the equator for even the highest levels of geomagnetic activity. The equatorial

  20. Nädalalõpuga kaks "Hamletit" / Meelis Kapstas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapstas, Meelis, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Nädalavahetuse esietendustest : W. Gombrowiczi "Laulatus", lavastaja Mati Unt, esietendus 17. märtsil Vanemuises ; O. Muhhina "Tanja, Tanja", lavastaja Kalju Komissarov, esietendus 17. märtsil Rakvere Teatris ; M. Kundera "Jacques ja tema isand", lavastaja Ain Mäeots, esietendus 18. märtsil Vanemuises ; Luigi Lunari "Senaator Fox", lavastaja Tiit Palu, esietendus 18. märtsil Endla Teatris

  1. Rasper: a Mechatronic Noise-Intoner

    OpenAIRE

    Zareei, Mo; Kapur, Ajay; Carnegie, Dale A.

    2014-01-01

    Over the past few decades, there has been an increasing number of musical instruments and works of sound art that incorporate robotics and mechatronics. This paper proposes a new approach in classification of such works and focuses on those whose ideological roots can be sought in Luigi Russolo's noise-intoners (intonarumori). It presents a discussion on works in which mechatronics is used to investigate new and traditionally perceived as ``extra-musical" sonic territories, and introduces Ras...

  2. De Mammona iniquitatis. Spiritually poor: the Sturzian roots of the Encyclical “Caritas in veritate” of Benedict XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Barbieri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work has been done for the scope of Study in honor of Professor Franco Bolognini. SUMMARY: The spirit of the present contribution: “the economics as if the person would count1” – 1. Essential notes on the “popular capitalism” in the thought of Luigi Sturzo - 2. The economical liberty and the rules’ liberalism – 3. Synthesis considerations.

  3. The XX century architectural heritage in the Marche region. The Masters’ drawings and designs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona Quattrini

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the history of architecture, Marche is often considered as a region that did not take part in the big developments of national architecture. Hence it’s meaningful to examine the architectonic events of the Region in the XX century and how much the Marche region has been the object of work by the great masters of the past century. A list of architects - called ‘masters’ – has been selected: Franco Albini, Gae Aulenti, Carlo Aymonino, Ernesto Basile, BBPRGuido Canella, Giancarlo De Carlo, Luigi Figini, Massimiliano Fuksas, Roberto Gabetti, Ignazio Gardella, Giorgio Grassi, Vittorio Gregotti, Adalberto Libera, Giovanni Michelucci, Gaetano Minnucci, Carlo Mollino, Luigi Moretti, Pier Luigi Nervi, Giuseppe Pagano, Edoardo Persico, Marcello Piacentini, Renzo Piano, Gio Ponti, Paolo Portoghesi, Franco Purini, Ludovico Quaroni, Mario Ridolfi, Aldo Rossi, Giuseppe Samonà, Antonio Sant’Elia; Alberto Sartoris, Carlo Scarpa, Giuseppe Terragni, Gino Valle, Vittoriano Viganò, Marco Zanuso, The research is a meaningful census of the works of the 20th century, whether they have been realized or not (projects, competitions, studies etc. and assigned to the masters listed above.

  4. Giuseppe and Aloysius Frari's works on rabies and history of Frari medical family of Sibenik, Dalmatia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krnić, Anton

    2007-06-01

    This article is an attempt to reconstruct the family history of the Fraris, the famous Sibenik medical family. Three generations of physicians from the Frari family played an important role not only at medical and social scene of Sibenik in the 18th and 19th century, but also in Croatian and Italian medical history. I will try to provide important details on the lives, medical and social work, and publications of 5 members of the family, Giuseppe (Josip), Angelo Antonio (Andeo Antun), Sebastiano (Sebastijan), Michele Carlo (Mihovil), and Aloysius (Luigi) Frari. I would also like to pay a special attention to the works on rabies, written by Giuseppe and Luigi Frari, which are among the earliest and most accurate Croatian works on the subject. To reconstruct the history of the family, I studied the relevant editions about the medical and social history of Sibenik, Dalmatia, Venice, and Croatia, together with the Fraris' publications and reflections. This was the first time Italian and Latin language works by Giuseppe and Luigi Frari on rabies were analyzed. The story on Fraris also documents that medical publishing was a common practice in Dalmatia in the 18th and the 19th century.

  5. Giuseppe and Aloysius Frari’s Works on Rabies and History of Frari Medical Family of Šibenik, Dalmatia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krnić, Anton

    2007-01-01

    This article is an attempt to reconstruct the family history of the Fraris, the famous Šibenik medical family. Three generations of physicians from the Frari family played an important role not only at medical and social scene of Šibenik in the 18th and 19th century, but also in Croatian and Italian medical history. I will try to provide important details on the lives, medical and social work, and publications of 5 members of the family, Giuseppe (Josip), Angelo Antonio (Anđeo Antun), Sebastiano (Sebastijan), Michele Carlo (Mihovil), and Aloysius (Luigi) Frari. I would also like to pay a special attention to the works on rabies, written by Giuseppe and Luigi Frari, which are among the earliest and most accurate Croatian works on the subject. To reconstruct the history of the family, I studied the relevant editions about the medical and social history of Šibenik, Dalmatia, Venice, and Croatia, together with the Fraris’ publications and reflections. This was the first time Italian and Latin language works by Giuseppe and Luigi Frari on rabies were analyzed. The story on Fraris also documents that medical publishing was a common practice in Dalmatia in the 18th and the 19th century. PMID:17589982

  6. Internal lecture: The dawn of the Standard Model's revolution | 6 June | Main Auditorium

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    "The dawn of the Standard Model's revolution", by Luigi di Lella and Alvaro de Rujula.   Alvaro de Rujula. 15:30 - 16:20: Lecture by Alvaro de Rujula (followed by 20 minutes of questions) Abstract In the few years around November 1974, particle physics changed very significantly and at a frantic pace. Practitioners began to get accustomed to the successful predictions of the Standard Model, which did not have many believers at that time. I shall recall the main experimental and theoretical advances, concerning in particular quarks as partons, the asymptotic freedom of QCD, charmonia and the first openly charmed particles. Career Alvaro de Rújula was at Harvard University during the Standard Model revolution. Before and after, amongst many other places, he worked at CERN.   16:40 - 17:00: Coffee break   Luigi di Lella. 17:00 - 17:50: Lecture by Luigi di Lella: Experiments at CERN in the decade 1964-1974 (followed by 20 minut...

  7. Where did the motor function of the cerebellum come from?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coco, Marinella; Perciavalle, Vincenzo

    2015-01-01

    Until the end of 18th century, the role of the cerebellum remained obscure. The turning point occurred when Luigi Galvani showed that muscle contraction is due to electricity and Alessandro Volta produced the battery, an apparatus based on the pairing of silver and zinc plates separated by brine soaked paper disks, capable to generate electricity. Luigi Rolando, at beginning of 19th century, was impressed by these two observations. He thought that, since the brain generates the movement, it must contain a device generating electricity. As a battery, it should be formed by overlapping disks and the cerebellum for Rolando seemed to be the right structure for such a characteristic laminar organization. He argued that, if the cerebellum is the battery that produces electricity for muscle activity, its removal would produce paralysis. Consequently, Rolando removed the cerebellum in a young goat and observed that the animal, before dying, could no longer stand up. He concluded that the cerebellum is a motor structure as it generates the electricity which produces the movement. The conclusions of Rolando were criticized by Marie-Jean-Pierre Flourens who observed that animals undergoing cerebellectomy were still able to move, even if with problems of balance. Flourens concluded that the role of the cerebellum "is to put in order or to coordinate movements wanted by certain parts of the nervous system, excited by others". It was necessary to wait up to 1891 when Luigi Luciani, observing a dog survived the cerebellectomy, described a triad of symptoms (asthenia, atony and astasis), unquestionably of cerebellar origin.

  8. The Idea of Modernity in Italian Literature at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia V. Golubtsova

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes various concepts of modernity in Italian literature at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Modernity is considered a key category of the literary process of the period: different views of modernity reveal philosophical, historical, and aesthetic ideas of the major authors and literary currents. The term modernity in its relation to Italy at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries may be understood in two different ways: as a specific time period after the unification of Italy and as an aesthetic ideal, both reachable and unreachable. Modernity as a historical period is inseparable from the sense of disappointment and awareness of Italian backwardness and provincialism. The Scapigliati manifest their socio-critical position as a Romantic conflict between individual and society, Verism represents the same idea as a tragic clash of traditional peasant world and modernity that is destroying it. Luigi Pirandello belongs to the same socio-critical tradition. The sense of weariness and decadence is one of the aspects of modern worldview: Gabriele D’Annunzio expresses it in the form of decadent aestheticism; the Crepusculars reject modernity and replace it with the idea of everyday life; Luigi Pirandello puts a special emphasis on the state of perplexity and confusion experienced by a modern man. From the aesthetic point of view, modernity in Italy begins as a struggle against Romanticism; however, here we encounter the controversial nature of the concept again. Giosue Carducci and the Scapigliati reject Italian Romanticism but turn to European Romanticism trying to overcome Italian cultural backwardness. A Verist writer Luigi Capuana elaborates a positivist ideal of modern literature and yet abandons it later. D’Annunzio sees the ideal of modern art in restoring cultural continuity. Futurists, on the contrary, understand modernity as breaking with tradition. Thus, all aesthetic interpretations of modernity in Italy focus

  9. Art and Liturgy Thoughts and Reflections on Beuronense Art in São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela Aparecida da Conceição

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available We will present some thoughts and reflections on art and liturgy that will help us in understanding the new sacred artistic trends that emerged in the mid-19th century in Europe. The writings of Luigi Pareyson, Etienne Gilson and Albert Rouet were chosen for this exercise because their works contain questions about the relationship between art and aesthetics, sacred art and liturgy. We will continue with a brief study of the postulates of Peter Lenz about the Beuron aesthetics and their assimilation by other monasteries, as well as religious brotherhoods in São Paulo in the early 20th century.

  10. From the preshower to the new technologies for supercolliders in honor of Antonino Zichichi

    CERN Document Server

    Wenninger, Horst; Wagner, Albrecht

    2002-01-01

    In the year 2000, the city of Bologna was the European Capital for Culture. For this reason, the University of Bologna and its Academy of Sciences, following the Gugliemo Marconi Centenary and the Luigi Galvani Bicentenary Celebrations, decided to call attention to the major achievements of their most distinguished members, in science and technology.This invaluable volume presents a series of inventions and technological developments, some thought of and directly implemented by Professor Antonino Zichichi, others suggested and developed under his leadership, all of them having contributed to t

  11. Retraction: Borroto-Escuela et al., The existence of FGFR1-5-HT1A receptor heterocomplexes in midbrain 5-HT neurons of the rat: relevance for neuroplasticity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-10

    The Journal of Neuroscience has received a report describing an investigation by the Karolinska Institutet, which found substantial data misrepresentation in the article "The Existence of FGFR1-5-HT1A Receptor Heterocomplexes in Midbrain 5-HT Neurons of the Rat: Relevance for Neuroplasticity" by Dasiel O. Borroto-Escuela, Wilber Romero-Fernandez, Mileidys Pérez-Alea, Manuel Narvaez, Alexander O. Tarakanov, Giuseppa Mudó , Luigi F. Agnati, Francisco Ciruela, Natale Belluardo, and Kjell Fuxe, which appeared on pages 6295-6303 of the May 2, 2012 issue. Because the results cannot be considered reliable, the editors of The Journal are retracting the paper.

  12. Ytringsfriheden er ikke nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritzen, Pia

    2008-01-01

    nemlig godt konstatere, at ytringsfriheden ikke er nødvendig uden dermed at give afkald på frihed og demokrati.Vi kan oven i købet mene, at ytringsfriheden ophører med at være frihed, når vi betragter den som nødvendig. Og det er lige nøjagtig det, jeg efterlyser: at vi bruger filosoffer som Immanuel...... Kant og Luigi Pareyson til at forstå, at friheden er betydelig mere kompleks, end vi gør den til i øjeblikket....

  13. One of the two end-cap vacuum chambers for the CMS experiment has been completed.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    This 7.5-metre-long cone-shaped object is the fruit of many years' development and its machining and assembly were performed with the utmost precision. Part of the team involved in the design and production of the end-cap vacuum chamber for CMS, standing behind the completed segment. Picture 02 from left to right : Thierry Tardy (TS/MME), Luigi Leggiero (TS/MME), Patrick Lepeule (AT/VAC), Gérard Faber (ETH Zürich), Stefano Bongiovani (CINEL Project Manager), Giuseppe Foffano (TS/MME) and Marc Thiebert (TS/MME).

  14. LA CARGA DINÁMICA PROBATORIA Y SU REPERCUSIÓN EN EL PROCESO PENAL DESDE LAS REGLAS DE MALLORCA Y LA TEORÍA DEL GARANTISMO PENAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Betancourt Restrepo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende hacer algunos cuestionamientos en torno a la implementación de la teoría de la carga dinámica de la prueba en la actuación penal, a partir de los elementos brindados por las Reglas de Mallorca y la teoría del garantismo penal, defendida por el profesor Luigi Ferrajoli en Italia, y en Argentina por el profesor Adolfo Alvarado Velloso, desde la perspectiva de una sistemática procesal penal, reconocedora de garantías universales como el debido proceso.

  15. Italy flags scientific shortcomings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartlidge, Edwin

    2008-04-01

    The land that gave us Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo Galilei and Enrico Fermi does not regard science as part of culture, but it must do so if it is to avoid being left behind economically and intellectually. That is the message from a working group of 18 academics, sponsored by the Italian government, to find ways of improving the quantity, quality and public perception of science in the country. The group has now put forward a range of measures to combat what the group's chair, left-wing politician and Siena University law professor Luigi Berlinguer, describes as a "national emergency".

  16. Prometeo, tragedia dell'ascolto: del sonido al espacio y viceversa

    OpenAIRE

    Polo Martínez, Ana Katia

    2017-01-01

    Prometeo, tragedia dell’ascolto: Del sonido al espacio y viceversa trata de dar respuesta a las cuestiones espaciales que existen en una representación musical. Mediante el Arca de Prometeo, caso probado de la posibilidad real de colaboración entre el ámbito musical y arquitectónico, trataremos de entender qué relaciones concretas se pueden establecer entre estos dos mundos, de partida tan distintos. Para la primera representación de su particular ‘tragedia de la escucha’, Luigi Nono eligi...

  17. Ferrocement as a Material

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Kristian Jehrbo

    FERROCEMENT is not a new material. In 1850 Jean Louis Lambot took out a patent on FERCIMENT, and in 1930's Pier Luigi Nervi created FERROCEMENT. In this report the structure (meshes, rods and mortar) and composition (diameter and widths of meshes and rods, water/cement ratio, aggregat e/ cement...... ratio) are described. The mechanical properties (tension, compression, bending, impact, fatigue and dynamic behaviour) are detailed treated. The problems about permeability, freezing/thawing and corrosion are mentioned. Some new experiments are deseribed in connection with the practical manufacturing...

  18. LA CARGA DINÁMICA PROBATORIA Y SU REPERCUSIÓN EN EL PROCESO PENAL DESDE LAS REGLAS DE MALLORCA Y LA TEORÍA DEL GARANTISMO PENAL

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastián Betancourt Restrepo

    2010-01-01

    El presente artículo pretende hacer algunos cuestionamientos en torno a la implementación de la teoría de la carga dinámica de la prueba en la actuación penal, a partir de los elementos brindados por las Reglas de Mallorca y la teoría del garantismo penal, defendida por el profesor Luigi Ferrajoli en Italia, y en Argentina por el profesor Adolfo Alvarado Velloso, desde la perspectiva de una sistemática procesal penal, reconocedora de garantías universales como el debido proceso.

  19. Editors note, and Dedication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Mugnai

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This Supplement to volume 50 of Phytopathologia Mediterranea contains original, peer reviewed research papers, prepared from presentations at the 7th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases (IWGTD. This Workshop was held in Santa Cruz, Chile, 17–21 January 2010, and was organized by the International Council on Grapevine Trunk Diseases (ICGTD.  Publication of this Supplement has been financially assisted by the International Society for Plant Pathology (ISPP.This Supplementary Issue of Phytopathologia Mediterranea is dedicated to the memory of Dr Luigi Chiarappa, the founder and inspiration of the ICGTD.  

  20. Postille

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Maria Cabrini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available - Raffaele Ruggiero, Machiavelli e la crisi dell’analogia, Bologna, il Mulino (Collana: Studi e ricerche, 2015, pp. 188; - Luigi Marfè, «In English Clothes». La novella italiana in Inghilterra: politica e poetica della traduzione, Torino, Accademia University Press, 2015, pp. X-166; - Riccardo II dal testo alla scena, a cura di Mariangela Tempera, Bologna, Emil di Odoya, 2015, pp. 186; - Franco Marucci, Storia della letteratura inglese. Dalle origini al 1625, Firenze, Le Lettere, 2015, vol. 1 (due tomi, pp. 585+288.

  1. Thèses de doctorat soutenues en 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Carlitria Bordigoni, Elementi formulari nella dizione eschilea Thèse soutenue le 21 mars 2006 à l'Université de Trente (dans le cadre du Doctorat internationale Lille-Trente.Composition du jury : M. Pierre Judet de La Combe (CNRS/EHESSM. Enrico Medda (Scuola Normale Superiore di PisaMmePatrizia Mureddu (Università degli Studi di CagliariM. Luigi Enrico Rossi (Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza"M. Philippe Rousseau (Université de Lille 3Hervé Vautrelle, Figures et systèmes de la...

  2. ALICE honours two Italian suppliers

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    From left to right: Robert Terpin (MIPOT), Pier Luigi Bellutti (ITC), Andrea Zanotti, President of ITC, Luciano Bosisio (Trieste University), Gennady Zinovjev (Kiev), Catherine Decosse (CERN), Lodovico Riccati, ALICE Collaboration Board Chair (INFN Torino), Paolo Giubellino (INFN Torino), Mario Zen, Director of ITC, Maurizio Boscardin (ITC), Paolo Tonella (ITC), Jurgen Schukraft, ALICE Spokesperson (CERN), Giacomo Vito Margagliotti (Trieste University), Nevio Grion (INFN Trieste), Marco Bregant (INFN Trieste) Front row from left to right: Paolo Traverso (ITC), Federico Carminati, ALICE Computing Project Leader (CERN), and Jean-Robert Lutz, ITS-SSD Project leader (IPHC Strasbourg).

  3. I pionieri italiaNi della geofisiCa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. CALOI

    1964-06-01

    Full Text Available Vengono rapidamente passati in rassenga, seguendo
    l'ordine cronologico, gli studiosi di geofisica — intesa in senso lato — clie,
    a partire dalla seconda meta del Settecento, ebbero ad interessarsi in Italia
    di elettricita atmosferica, magnetismo terrestre, idrografla, oceanografia fisica,
    sismologia e vulcanologia, con intenti pionieristici. Sono ricordati i principali
    risultati raggiunti da una trentina di ricercatori fra i quali spiccano, per la
    vastita del lavoro compiuto e per la novita dei risultati, Leopoldo Nobili e Macedonio
    Melloni. Ma, ciascuno nei suo campo, scoperte di rilievo fecero pure
    G. B. Beccaria, Luigi Palmieri, Carlo Matteucci, Timoteo Bertelli, Luigi De
    Marcbi, Carlo Somigliana, Emilio Oddone, Alfonso Sella e Domenico Pacini.
    Alcuni vantano priorita di rilievo: scoperta della doppia oscillazione diurna
    del barometro (Chiminello, 1780; unicita sorgiva delle varie radiazioni dello
    spettro (M. Melloni; sismografo elettromagnetico a registrazione continua
    (Palmieri, 1855; microsismi (Bertelli, 1872; il paleomagnetismo (Oddone e
    Sella, 1891; la radiazione cosmica (Pacini, 1910; . ..

  4. Factors influencing choice of chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossi L

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Luigi Rossi, Foteini Vakiarou, Federica Zoratto, Loredana Bianchi, Anselmo Papa, Enrico Basso, Monica Verrico, Giuseppe Lo Russo, Salvatore Evangelista, Guilia Rinaldi, Francesca Perrone-Congedi, Gian Paolo Spinelli, Valeria Stati, Davide Caruso, Alessandra Prete, Silverio TomaoDepartment of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy; Oncology Unit, ICOT, Latina, ItalyAbstract: Management of metastatic colorectal cancer requires a multimodal approach and must be performed by an experienced, multidisciplinary expert team. The optimal choice of the individual treatment modality, according to disease localization and extent, tumor biology, and patient clinical characteristics, will be one that can maintain quality of life and long-term survival, and even cure selected patients. This review is an overview of the different therapeutic approaches available in metastatic colorectal cancer, for the purpose of defining personalized therapeutic algorithms according to tumor biology and patient clinical features.Keywords: metastatic colorectal cancer, patient clinical features, tumor biology, multidisciplinary approach

  5. SUstaiNability: a science communication website on environmental research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gravina, Teresita; Muselli, Maurizio; Ligrone, Roberto; Rutigliano, Flora Angela

    2017-08-01

    Social networks enable anyone to publish potentially boundless amounts of information. However, such information is also highly prone to creating and/or diffusing mistakes and misunderstandings in scientific issues. In 2013 we produced a website (www.sunability.unina2.it) reporting on some research outputs from the University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (formerly the Second University of Naples, SUN), and shared it on Facebook and Twitter to analyse the effectiveness of these platforms in scientific dissemination. The study results suggest that (i) a regular update of the website stimulates the user's interest, (ii) Campania's citizens are more concerned with pollution problems than natural hazards, and (iii) direct involvement of researchers effectively enhances web-mediated scientific dissemination.

  6. Masonry structures between mechanics and architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Pedemonte, Orietta; Williams, Kim

    2015-01-01

    This book provides an overview of state of the art research in the mechanics of masonry structures. It continues the series Between Mechanics and Architecture, initially launched in 1995 from the collaboration of several renowned scholars, including Edoardo Benvenuto and Patricia Radelet-de Grave.   The contributions in this volume represent the main approaches to the complex topic of masonry structures. In addition to historical studies, the mechanical behavior of masonry arches and structures is studied using different approaches (structural analysis, limit analysis, elastic analysis, plasticity, mathematical approaches, etc.), at times difficult to reconcile, at others intertwined and complementary.   Readers will have the opportunity to compare different theoretical lines of inquiry and thus explore new horizons of research.   Contributions by: Danila Aita Andrea Bacigalupo Riccardo Barsotti Stefano Bennati Antonio Brencich Mario Como Salvatore D’Agostino Luigi Gambarotta Jacques Heyman Santiago Huer...

  7. Collision physics going west

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1988-01-01

    The centroid of proton-antiproton physics is moving west across the Atlantic concluded Luigi Di Leila of CERN in his summary talk at the Topical Workshop on Proton-Antiproton Collider Physics, held at Fermilab in June. Previous meetings in this series had been dominated by results from CERN's big proton-antiproton collider, dating back to 1981. However last year saw the first physics run at Fermilab's collider, and although the number of collisions in the big CDF detector was only about one thirtieth of the score so far at CERN, the increased collision energy at Fermilab of 1.8 TeV (1800 GeV, compared to the routine 630 GeV at CERN) is already paying dividends

  8. From petroleum to natural gas. New assets in electric power industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Velona', F.

    2002-01-01

    Luigi Einaudi Foundation Group organized on November 5th 2001 a roundtable on the theme: Energy in Italy, how to change for surviving. In the congress hall in the National Federation of Italian Press, Valerio Zanone, the president, and other important persons such as Jan Keppler (Associazione Italiana Editori), Edgardo Curcio (Associazione Italiana Economisti dell'Energia), Emilio Gerelli (Pavia University) and Franco Velona' (Bari Politecnico) presented their relations on the theme of competitivity in the italian energy system, on the environmental compatibility and on the diversification sources from petroleum. Among the most interesting ones were those by ing. Machi', president of Gestore Rete Trasmissione Nazionale, by ing. Clavarino, president of Assocarboni, and by ing. Serena, president of Sondel. It seemed that the dialogue between the academies and the production system was taken again successfully [it

  9. Culto: AN Ontology-Based Annotation Tool for Data Curation in Cultural Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garozzo, R.; Murabito, F.; Santagati, C.; Pino, C.; Spampinato, C.

    2017-08-01

    This paper proposes CulTO, a software tool relying on a computational ontology for Cultural Heritage domain modelling, with a specific focus on religious historical buildings, for supporting cultural heritage experts in their investigations. It is specifically thought to support annotation, automatic indexing, classification and curation of photographic data and text documents of historical buildings. CULTO also serves as a useful tool for Historical Building Information Modeling (H-BIM) by enabling semantic 3D data modeling and further enrichment with non-geometrical information of historical buildings through the inclusion of new concepts about historical documents, images, decay or deformation evidence as well as decorative elements into BIM platforms. CulTO is the result of a joint research effort between the Laboratory of Surveying and Architectural Photogrammetry "Luigi Andreozzi" and the PeRCeiVe Lab (Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision Lab) of the University of Catania,

  10. Preface for the special issue of Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, BIOCOMP 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buonocore, Aniello; Di Crescenzo, Antonio; Hastings, Alan

    2014-04-01

    The International Conference "BIOCOMP2012 - Mathematical Modeling and Computational Topics in Biosciences'', was held in Vietri sul Mare (Italy), June 4-8, 2012. It was dedicated to the Memory of Professor Luigi M. Ricciardi (1942-2011), who was a visionary and tireless promoter of the 3 previous editions of the BIOCOMP conference series. We thought that the best way to honor his memory was to continue the BIOCOMP program. Over the years, this conference promoted scientific activities related to his wide interests and scientific expertise, which ranged in various areas of applications of mathematics, probability and statistics to biosciences and cybernetics, also with emphasis on computational problems. We are pleased that many of his friends and colleagues, as well as many other scientists, were attracted by the goals of this recent event and offered to contribute to its success.

  11. Garantismo penal para quem? O discurso penal liberal drente à sua desconstrução pela criminologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Helena D`Arbo Alves de Freitas

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2017v38n75p129 O presente artigo versa sobre a efetividade das garantias individuais e o reflexo dessa problemática no acesso à justiça penal brasileira. Apesar de o discurso idealista-garantista apresentar os instrumentos possíveis para defesa dos acusados e para isonomia de tratamento aos sujeitos do processo, a realidade processual indica que esse discurso é meramente retórico e limitado ao plano teórico-abstrato, com dificuldades de se concretizar no plano prático-reformista. O trabalho é bibliográfico e desenvolve conceitos relativos à seletividade e as formas de controle do poder punitivo. Para abordagem do tema, partiu-se da perspectiva crítica do garantismo penal proposto por Luigi Ferrajoli.

  12. Cl@ssi 2.0: experience in Emilia Romagna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Pacetti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents some of the results of the Ministerial Initiative Cl@ssi 2.0 in the Emilia Romagna Region. Having described the reference field in which the scaffolding action of the research group of the University of Bologna, coordinated by Prof. Luigi Guerra, is positioned, the paper presents the coaching model through which the design and documentation of the teaching practices adopted in schools was supported. Analysing the experiences of the ER classes, we have identified eight project themes, subsequently modelled on two levels: the didactic modelling of the experiences (construction of interpretation hypotheses; and the construction of a themes/models map (checking/adapting the hypotheses, experimentation through which each school was able to describe and publish processes, products, etc. which characterised their specific project experience. The paper concludes with a series of general reflections on the three years' work.

  13. The art of Pirandello: a psychoanalytic view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coppolillo, H P

    1997-01-01

    Luigi Pirandello, a playwright of immense profundity and creativity, won the Nobel Prize for his work in theater. A brief history of his personal and educational development is presented here, followed by an excellent translation by Gigi Gatti and Terry Doyle of one of his plays, The Man with the Flower in His Mouth, written in 1926. It is a play that is little known in the United States, but which conveys his style and many of his views in a succinct manner. This is followed by an interpretation of some of the symbols, the psychodynamics, and the ego states of the characters that Pirandello described before those ego states were described in psychoanalytic literature.

  14. CLUB PÉTANQUE

    CERN Multimedia

    Club Pétanque

    2016-01-01

    Suite à notre Assemblée Générale du  Mercredi 07 Avril 2016 voici la composition du comité : - Claude CERRUTI : Président - Gino DEBELLIS : Vice Président - Claude JOUVE : Trésorier - Michèle DUNAND : Secrétaire - Bernard GOICOECHEA: Communication - Alain PHILIPONA : Animation   Le premier concours de la saison Challenge " Luigi BAVARESCO " aura lieu exceptionnellement le Mercredi 18 Mai 2016 à 18H et ceci pour une raison d'effectif pour l'organisation. Cette date a été modifiée par rapport au calendrier 2016. Merci de votre compréhension.

  15. Evaluation of barium hydroxide treatment efficacy on a dolomitic marble.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toniolo, L; Colombo, C; Realini, M; Peraio, A; Positano, M

    2001-01-01

    The Arch of Peace, by Luigi Cagnola, is one of the most famous neoclassical monuments in Milan. It has been subjected to conservative intervention in 1998. In the present paper the efficacy of the consolidation by means of barium hydroxide has been evaluated. The stone material showed severe degradation phenomena as: erosion, pulverisation, exfoliation. The analytical data acquired through X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectrophotometry (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDX), allowed to compare the conditions of stone before and after the treatment with barium hydroxide. The presence of barium has been put in evidence mainly on the surface as barium sulphate, whereas barium is only sporadically present within the thickness of the decayed material. The treatment was judged not satisfying and its inefficacy is, most probably, due to a not suitable cleaning procedure carried out before the consolidation.

  16. Animal electricity at the end of the eighteenth century: the many facets of a great scientific controversy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bresadola, Marco

    2008-01-01

    In the 1790s, Luigi Galvani and Alessandro Volta were the main protagonists of a lively debate on the role of electricity in animal organisms. Significant developments originated from this debate, leading to the foundation of two new disciplines, electrodynamics and electrophysiology, that were to play a crucial role in the scientific and technological progress of the last two centuries. The Galvani-Volta controversy has been repeatedly reconstructed, sometimes in an attempt to identify the merits and the errors of one or the other of the two protagonists, sometimes with the aim of demonstrating that the theories elaborated by the two Italian scholars were irreconcilable, reflecting completely different ways of looking at phenomena and conceiving of scientific research. In this article a different interpretation is offered, based on a discussion of the scientific issues that were central to Galvani's and Volta's research, and with reference to the context of science and society of the eighteenth century.

  17. Il paesaggio sonoro: pensieri sul libero ascolto - Soundscape: some reflections about free listening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Laghezza

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the relationship between individuals and the soundscape that surrounds them by focusing on the practice of listening. It would seem that our relationship to sound and music is based on a fundamental contradiction. On the one hand we create our own private soundscapes by wearing headphones and generally constructing the soundtracks of our everyday lives. On the other hand the soundtracks that surround us in urban environments and public places are often invasive and are perceived as something that we need protecting from. Contemporary composers, like Edgar Varèse, John Cage and Luigi Russolo, have tried to emancipate our ears from the cultural habits that impede a wider listening experience but, as Raymond Murray Schafer argues, we still need to “clean” our ears. By doing so, we could build an ecological and holistic approach in order to appreciate the soundscapes that constantly surround us.

  18. Ettore Majorana, Scientific Papers Festschrift for his 100th Birthday

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    With this volume the Italian Physical Society presents a collection of Ettore Majorana's scientific papers (note scientifiche) in the original language and, for the first time - with three exceptions - translated into English. Each paper is then followed by a comment (in English) of an expert in the scientific field. Contributors to the comments are Ennio Arimondo, Nicola Cabibbo, Massimo Inguscio, Luciano Maiani, Rosario Nunzio Mantegna, Francesco Minardi, Luigi Radicati di Brozolo and Antonio Sasso. A century after his birth Ettore Majorana is rightfully considered one of the greatest physicists of the first half of the last century. This volume will be of interest to the specialists of the History of Science and to the physicists concerned with problems related to Majorana's contributions

  19. Francisco Martínez de la Rosa and church-state controversial relation in Spain (1834-1835

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Vilar García

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to provide and analyze Francisco Martínez de la Rosa’s unpublished correspondence during his term as President of the Spanish Government in the 1834-1835 biennium, maintained with Amat di San Filippo Luigi, nuncio in Spain, and kept in the Vatican Secret Archives. Such correspondence consists of three letters with official mail format, although they could be considered rather confidential for their content. In these documents, the Spanish government strives, albeit unsuccessfully, to achieve recognition by Rome of Elizabeth II of Spain and his liberal regime. And last but not least, in this paper, it is also noteworthy to highlight the urgent need to fill the many vacant Dioceses in Spain.

  20. A eutanásia na visão do garantismo penal

    OpenAIRE

    Reicher, Regina Maria

    2005-01-01

    Num cotejo entre a eutanásia e o garantismo de Luigi Ferrajoli, quanto à proibição penal, os princípios da lesividade e necessidade, e o direito penal mínimo, este estudo faz uma projeção sobre as principais conseqüências desse comportamento em matéria penal, notadamente quanto à sua repercussão sobre o princípio da dignidade da pessoa humana, que é corolário lógico do Estado Democrático de Direito. Não se justifica, no modelo de direito penal mínimo propugnado pelo garantismo, a penalizaç...

  1. TRIPS, Bilateralism And Patents: How They Are Failing Both the Developed And The Developing World and What To Do About It - DOI: 10.3395/reciis.v1i1.40en

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Palombi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The vast majority of the world’s biological resources and traditional knowledge is located in the developing world, yet the vast majority of the world’s intellectual property over biotechnology is owned by the developed world. Since the formation of the WTO the developing world has supported the developed world’s demands for stronger intellectual property protection. However, as it now seeks the support of the developed world to exploit these resources, it finds that the developed world has only responded with overtures of bilateralism. Furthermore, the expected increases in foreign direct investment have not materialised, yet have continued to flow to China, a country that is the world’s largest producer of counterfeit goods. In this paper, Luigi Palombi discusses TRIPS, post-TRIPS bilateralism and patents in the context of biological resources and traditional knowledge and seeks to provide a solution to the present intellectual property deadlock between the developed and developing worlds.

  2. ALICE honours two Italian suppliers

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    During the ALICE week held in Bologna from 19 to 23 June, the Collaboration recognized two of its top suppliers. From left to right: Robert Terpin (MIPOT), Pier Luigi Bellutti (ITC), Andrea Zanotti, President of ITC, Luciano Bosisio (Trieste University), Gennady Zinovjev (Kiev), Catherine Decosse (CERN), Lodovico Riccati, ALICE Collaboration Board Chair (INFN Torino), Paolo Giubellino (INFN Torino), Mario Zen, Director of ITC, Maurizio Boscardin (ITC), Paolo Tonella (ITC), Jurgen Schukraft, ALICE Spokesperson (CERN), Giacomo Vito Margagliotti (Trieste University), Nevio Grion (INFN Trieste), Marco Bregant (INFN Trieste). Front row from left to right: Paolo Traverso (ITC), Federico Carminati, ALICE Computing Project Leader (CERN), and Jean-Robert Lutz, ITS-SSD Project leader (IPHC Strasbourg). It is in the picturesque city of Bologna that the ALICE Collaboration has rewarded two Italian suppliers, Istituto Trentino di Cultura ITC-irst (Trento) and MIPOT (Cormons), both involved in the construction of the Sili...

  3. Note e recensioni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Autori Vari

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Volumi Diego Giordano e Alberto Fragio (a cura di, Hans Blumenberg. Nuovi paradigmi di analisi, [Emanuela Mazzi] • Emilio Garroni, Creatività [Benedetta De Pieri] • María Zambrano, Luoghi della poesia [Mariagrazia Portera] • Giorgio Colli, Apollineo e dionisiaco [Alice Barale] • Marie-José Mondzain, Il commercio degli sguardi [Michele Gardini] • Gabriele Tomasi, Un bicchiere con Hume e Kant: divertissement estetico-metafisico [Filippo Focosi] • Egidio Tinaburri, Husserl e Aristotele. Coscienza Immaginazione Mondo [Elena Pagni] Convegni Annual Lectures di Luigi Luca Cavalli Sforza e Marcus Feldman, Milano 6 maggio 2011 [Mariagrazia Portera] • “Sentire e Pensare. Kantismo e Fenomenologia a confronto”, Napoli, 10-11 novembre 2011 [Agostino Cera]  

  4. Rileggendo “Folklore e profitto”. Patrimoni immateriali, mercati, turismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letizia Bindi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the anticipatory notes of Luigi M. Lombardi Satriani’s Folklore e profitto [1973], the paper seeks to critically articulate the interesting relation between cultural heritage, capitalistic market and mass media, updating the analysis, also, to the most recent forms of the use of media in promoting and valorizing such traditions. What emerges is a twist of cultural heritage toward consumerism that imposes to anthropologists and cultural heritage scholars new challenges and questions and a late-modern rethinking of critical categories as commodification, alienation and fetishization. A central question, finally, arises about who and what should be today the social actors asked to decide about these processes of cultural manipulation in the new post-industrial and globalized scenario, characterized, inter alia, from a generalized economic crisis. 

  5. Architectural fragments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Jacob Sebastian

    2018-01-01

    I have created a large collection of plaster models: a collection of Obstructions, errors and opportunities that may develop into architecture. The models are fragments of different complex shapes as well as more simple circular models with different profiling and diameters. In this contect I have....... I try to invent the ways of drawing the models - that decode and unfold them into architectural fragments- into future buildings or constructions in the landscape. [1] Luigi Moretti: Italian architect, 1907 - 1973 [2] Man Ray: American artist, 1890 - 1976. in 2015, I saw the wonderful exhibition...... "Man Ray - Human Equations" at the Glyptotek in Copenhagen, organized by the Philips Collection in Washington D.C. and the Israel Museum in Jerusalem (in 2013). See also: "Man Ray - Human Equations" catalogue published by Hatje Cantz Verlag, Germany, 2014....

  6. SUstaiNability: a science communication website on environmental research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Gravina

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Social networks enable anyone to publish potentially boundless amounts of information. However, such information is also highly prone to creating and/or diffusing mistakes and misunderstandings in scientific issues. In 2013 we produced a website (www.sunability.unina2.it reporting on some research outputs from the University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (formerly the Second University of Naples, SUN, and shared it on Facebook and Twitter to analyse the effectiveness of these platforms in scientific dissemination. The study results suggest that (i a regular update of the website stimulates the user's interest, (ii Campania's citizens are more concerned with pollution problems than natural hazards, and (iii direct involvement of researchers effectively enhances web-mediated scientific dissemination.

  7. Ettore Majorana scientific papers. On occasion of the centenary of his birth

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bassani, G.F.

    2006-01-01

    With this volume the Italian Physical Society presents a collection of Ettore Majorana's scientific papers (note scientifiche) in the original language and, for the first time - with three exceptions - translated into English. Each paper is then followed by a comment (in English) of an expert in the scientific field. Contributors to the comments are Ennio Arimondo, Nicola Cabibbo, Massimo Inguscio, Luciano Maiani, Rosario Nunzio Mantegna, Francesco Minardi, Luigi Radicati di Brozolo and Antonio Sasso. A century after his birth Ettore Majorana is rightfully considered one of the greatest physicists of the first half of the last century. This volume will be of interest to the specialists of the History of Science and to the physicists concerned with problems related to Majorana's contributions. (orig.)

  8. CULTO: AN ONTOLOGY-BASED ANNOTATION TOOL FOR DATA CURATION IN CULTURAL HERITAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Garozzo

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes CulTO, a software tool relying on a computational ontology for Cultural Heritage domain modelling, with a specific focus on religious historical buildings, for supporting cultural heritage experts in their investigations. It is specifically thought to support annotation, automatic indexing, classification and curation of photographic data and text documents of historical buildings. CULTO also serves as a useful tool for Historical Building Information Modeling (H-BIM by enabling semantic 3D data modeling and further enrichment with non-geometrical information of historical buildings through the inclusion of new concepts about historical documents, images, decay or deformation evidence as well as decorative elements into BIM platforms. CulTO is the result of a joint research effort between the Laboratory of Surveying and Architectural Photogrammetry “Luigi Andreozzi” and the PeRCeiVe Lab (Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision Lab of the University of Catania,

  9. Galileo and the Movies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivotto, Cristina; Testa, Antonella

    2010-12-01

    We analyze the character of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), one of the most famous scientists of all time, as portrayed in three significant movies: Luigi Maggi's Galileo Galilei (1909), Liliana Cavani's Galileo (1968), and Joseph Losey's Galileo (1975), the last one of which was based upon Bertolt Brecht's drama, Das Leben des Galilei (1947). We investigate the relationships between the main characteristics of these fictional Galileos and the most important twentieth-century Galilean historiographic models. We also analyze the veracity of the plots of these three movies and the role that historical and scientific consultants played in producing them. We conclude that connections between these three movies and Galilean historiographic models are far from evident, that other factors deeply influenced the representation of Galileo on the screen.

  10. Triple-negative breast cancer: new perspectives for targeted therapies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomao F

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Federica Tomao,1 Anselmo Papa,2 Eleonora Zaccarelli,2 Luigi Rossi,2 Davide Caruso,2 Marina Minozzi,2 Patrizia Vici,3 Luigi Frati,4 Silverio Tomao21Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Policlinico “Umberto I”, Rome, 2Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Oncology Unit, Istituto Chirurgico Ortopedico Traumatologico, Latina, 3Division of Medical Oncology B, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy; 4Department of Molecular Medicine, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Policlinico “Umberto I”, Rome, ItalyAbstract: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, encompassing a large number of entities showing different morphological features and having clinical behaviors. It has became apparent that this diversity may be justified by distinct patterns of genetic, epigenetic, and transcriptomic aberrations. The identification of gene-expression microarray-based characteristics has led to the identification of at least five breast cancer subgroups: luminal A, luminal B, normal breast-like, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, and basal-like. Triple-negative breast cancer is a complex disease diagnosed by immunohistochemistry, and it is characterized by malignant cells not expressing estrogen receptors or progesterone receptors at all, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Along with this knowledge, recent data show that triple-negative breast cancer has specific molecular features that could be possible targets for new biological targeted drugs. The aim of this article is to explore the use of new drugs in this particular setting, which is still associated with poor prognosis and high risk of distant recurrence and death.Keywords: basal-like breast cancer, estrogen–progesterone receptors, gene-expression microarray, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, chemotherapy, target therapy

  11. Bioamplificadores Bioamplifiers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Reynolds

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Las señales bioeléctricas se remiten a estudios que comenzaron con el descubrimiento de la electricidad en seres vivos, vislumbrada por Luigi Galvani y Alessandro Volta en el siglo XVII (Figuras 1A y 1B, y demostrada por Carlo Matteucci y sus continuadores en el siglo XIX. El alcance de este artículo tiene como objetivo explicar el origen de los amplificadores utilizados en Electrofisiología, a través del análisis de una necesidad científica de la época que llevó a la construcción de aparatos cada vez más especializados, supliendo así las insuficiencias tecnológicas de la experimentación en Física y Fisiología y a su vez, sentando las bases de disciplinas como la Electrocardiografía, las Neurociencias, la Electromiografía y la Electrofisiología, en general.Bioelectric signals refer to studies that began with the discovery of electricity in living subjects envisioned by Luigi Galvani and Alessandro Volta in the seventeenth century (Figure 1A and 1B and demonstrated by Carlo Matteucci and his followers in the nineteenth century. The scope of this article aims to explain the origin of the amplifiers used in electrophysiology, analyzing a scientific need of the time that led to the construction of ever more specialized equipment, supplying the technological shortcomings of the experimentation in physics and physiology, to in turn, laying the foundations of disciplines such as electrocardiography, neurosciences, electromyography and electrophysiology in general.

  12. Arte y rebelión indígena: Julio Broca y la imagen latinoamericana de las identidades partidas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Ilarregui

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Luigi Zoja al reflexionar sobre los aislamientos contemporáneos piensa en los muros, esos muros que en la antigüedad eran fortificaciones extendidas a lo largo de vastos territorios, los muros suponían un sistema de exclusión del prójimo, los que estaban ‘afuera’, y los que quedaban dentro. El muro del siglo XX y XXI contiene la plaga o el desplazamiento humano (otra plaga, encierra un cierto tipo de comunidad, en la Muerte del prójimo, las separaciones humanas se hacen cada vez más graves, por asuntos de seguridad, por racismo, por un conjunto de elementos acentuados por las velocidades de la desigualdad, la tecnología del ermita urbano, las iglesias vacías y el aislamiento colectivo que incluye para Luigi Zoja (2015: 136-137 la información inflacionaria y abstracta combatiendo la solidaridad comunitaria. Desde diferentes vertientes, en este momento del siglo, se produce la lectura cartográfica de la soledad y el desconcierto: la desintegración parece ser el signo de todo lo viviente. Hay un proceso de desacralización, de ruptura por la ruptura misma que parece no cohesionar más que una era de fragmentos, se vuelven fragmentarios los pactos humanos, las relaciones son transitorias, los lugares de paso. Y ese aislamiento llega con fuerza pujante procurando la ignorancia, la vaciedad, ‘lo light’ social, evitando ver en los demás un referente afectivo o compasivo, haciendo que ‘los otros’ no sean más que un paisaje, al decir de Pessoa.

  13. Petrus Hispanus en Urbino y el bastón del Gonfaloniere: El problema Pedro Berruguete en Italia y la historiografía española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marías, Fernando

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The cornerstone of the biography of the Palencian painter Pedro Berruguete is a document cited by the erudite Luigi Pungileoni (1822 in which a certain «Petrus Hispanus», painter, was in Urbino. Never transcribed or found again, this notice bears the greater part of the weight of the supposed Italian formation of one of the leading figures of Spanish Renaissance painting. Now, the discovery of this document, the transcription of its contents and the incorporation of new documents likewise previously unpublished, allow for the discernment of significant features of the until today unknown «Petrus Hispanus», as well as the reconsideration of the historiographie tradition which has maintained without question the crossed identification between these two artists.

    La piedra angular de la biografía del pintor palentino Pedro Berruguete es un documento citado por el erudito Luigi Pungileoni (1822 en el que un cierto «Petrus Hispanus», pintor, se encontraba en Urbino. Nunca transcrito ni reencontrado, esta noticia soporta la mayor parte del peso de la supuesta formación italiana de una de las cabezas de la pintura española del Renacimiento. El hallazgo de dicho documento, la transcripción de su contenido y la incorporación de nuevos documentos igualmente inéditos, permiten no solo determinar rasgos significativos del hasta hoy ignoto «Petrus Hispanus», sino reconsiderar la tradición historiográfica que ha mantenido sin reservas la identificación entre los dos artistas.

  14. Italian neuropsychology in the second half of the twentieth century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallar, Giuseppe; Boller, François; Grossi, Dario; Gainotti, Guido

    2015-03-01

    Since the early 1960s, human neuropsychology, the study of brain-behavior interrelations, mainly based on the analysis of their pathological variations, brought about by brain damage, has had a remarkable systematical development in Italy. All this started in Milan, with the neurologist Ennio de Renzi, and his collaborators (Luigi Vignolo, then Anna Basso, Pietro Faglioni, Hans Spinnler, François Boller, and, more autonomously, Edoardo Bisiach), in the Clinic of Nervous and Mental Diseases. Scientists of the "Milan group" investigated several neuropsychological deficits caused by focal hemispheric lesions in large series of left- and right-brain-damaged patients, and control participants, comparable for cultural and demographic variables. Standardized tests and advanced statistical methods were used, which also applied to the diagnosis and rehabilitation of aphasia. Subsequently, neuropsychology developed in Italy extensively, reaching high international reputation. Leading neuropsychologists have been the neurologists Guido Gainotti (Rome), and Franco Denes (Padua), the physicians and psychologists Luigi Pizzamiglio (Rome), and Carlo Umiltà (Parma, with fruitful interactions with the neurophysiologists Giovanni Berlucchi, Giacomo Rizzolatti, and Carlo Marzi, from the school of Giuseppe Moruzzi in Pisa) A second scientific generation of neuropsychologists has then developed in the 1970s, trained by the abovementioned scientists, further boosting and spreading high-level basic and applied research (diagnosis and rehabilitation of neuropsychological deficits of patients with brain damage or dysfunction throughout the life span, from childhood to the elderly). Available techniques include structural and functional imaging (CT, PET, SPET, MRI and fMRI Scans, DTI), electrophysiological recording (EEG, ERPs), non-invasive brain stimulation (TMS, tES), and their combined use.

  15. [La Medicina del Lavoro: 100 volumes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zocchetti, C

    2009-01-01

    With these pages La Medicina del Lavoro starts its 100th volume, so we have yet another historical occasion to celebrate the oldest occupational health journal in the world that is still publishing. Over the last few years we have had many occasions to celebrate, for example several anniversaries of the Journal (the 80th volume in 1989, 90 years in 1992, 100 years in 2001); the centenary of the foundation of the Clinica del Lavoro "Luigi Devoto" of Milan in 2001; the celebration of the 300 years' anniversary of the publication of De Morbis Artificum Diatriba by Bernardino Ramazzini, and we obviously hope to continue for many years to come in this positive outlook. One hundred volumes makes for a very large collection, with the highs and lows ofthe Journal's history (here we mean the variations in number of pages and physical size of the Journal). It is thanks to the Editors-in-chief(there have been very few so we can cite them all: Luigi Devoto, 1901-1936; Luigi Preti, 1936-1941; Enrico Vigliani, 1943-1992; e Vito Foà, 1992 to the present); the contributors who in various ways and with varying degrees of commitment but always with an exceptional personal participation, that it has been possible to reach 100 volumes, starting with C. Moreschi who, along with Luigi Devoto, was the first and sole editor at the Journal's foundation; up to the present extended and impressive editorial board; the printers (from the first. Tipografia Cooperativa, Via dei Molini in Pavia, to the latest: Casa Editrice Mattioli in Fidenza); the sponsors, including the most evident who, via advertising (rather limited as a matter offact), directly gave information about themselves, but also those who have often been or are behind the scenes, ensuring fundamental support which is not visible; content. articles, news, events, reports, ideas, opinions, photographs, tables, numbers... etc, which are really impossible to sum up. But the true collection which, for obvious reasons, cannot be

  16. Applied Nanotechnology and Nanoscience International Conference 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    Introduction:The Applied Nanotechnology and Nanoscience International Conference is an annual event that hosts high-profile plenary speakers, world class researchers, oral and poster presentations, workshops, sponsor exhibits and extra activities to network.This conference is held in a different European country each year and the number of participants is growing very quickly. ANNIC 2016 was held in Barcelona and hosted delegates from 47 different countries, it was a great opportunity for the attendees to share their research findings with wide audience, promote knowledge exchange and network.Main Sponsor: NFFA (nffa.eu) Chairs Committee:• Prof. Joan Ramon Morante (Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC), Spain)• Prof. Jordi Arbiol (ICREA and Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2), CSIC and The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Catalonia, Spain)• Prof. Arben Merkoçi (ICREA and Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2), Catalonia, Spain)• Prof. Alberto Vomiero (Luleå University of Technology, Sweden)Guest Editor Committee• Dr. Yian Tai, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan• Dr. Sabherwal Priyanka, Institute of Nano Science and Technology, IndiaReviewers Committee:• Laura M Lechuga, Spain• Fernando Torres Andón, Italy• Pablo Alonso-González, Spain• Fabrice P. Laussy, Spain• Toby Hallam, Ireland• Robert S Maxwell, United States• Olivier Soppera, France• Bouraoui Ilahi, Saudi Arabia• Thierry Baron, France• Brent Wagner, United States• Sergey A. Maksimenko, Belarus• Luigi Sirleto, Italy• Alexander Obraztsov, Russian Federation• Maria Tchernycheva, France• Daniel Granados, Spain• Juan P. Martínez-Pastor, Spain• Blas Garrido, Spain• Felix Casanova, Spain• Rongping Wang, Australia• Daniele Sanvitto, Italy• David Cox, United Kingdom• Kadic Muamer, Germany• Amitav Sanyal, Turkey• Jan Honolka, Czech Republic• Andrea Liscio

  17. Economic and organizational sustainability of a negative-pressure portable device for the prevention of surgical-site complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foglia E

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Emanuela Foglia,1 Lucrezia Ferrario,1 Elisabetta Garagiola,1 Giuseppe Signoriello,2 Gianluca Pellino,3 Davide Croce,1,4 Silvestro Canonico3 1Centre for Health Economics, Social and Health Care Management - LIUC University, Castellanza, Italy; 2Department of Mental Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy; 3School of Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy; 4School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South \tAfrica Purpose: Surgical-site complications (SSCs affect patients’ clinical pathway, prolonging their hospitalization and incrementing their management costs. The present study aimed to assess the economic and organizational implications of a portable device for negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT implementation, compared with the administration of pharmacological therapies alone for preventing surgical complications in patients undergoing general, cardiac, obstetrical–gynecological, or orthopedic surgical procedures.Patients and methods: A total of 8,566 hospital procedures, related to the year 2015 from one hospital, were evaluated considering infection risk index, occurrence rates of SSCs, drug therapies, and surgical, diagnostic, and specialist procedures and hematological exams. Activity-based costing and budget impact analyses were implemented for the economic assessment.Results: Patients developing an SSC absorbed i 64.27% more economic resources considering the length of stay (€ 8,269±2,096 versus € 5,034±2,901, p<0.05 and ii 42.43% more economic resources related to hematological and diagnostic procedures (€ 639±117 versus € 449±72, p<0.05. If the innovative device had been used over the 12-month time period, it would have decreased the risk of developing SSCs; the hospital would have realized an average reduction in health care expenditure equal to −0.69% (−€ 483

  18. From petroleum to natural gas. New assets in electric power industry; Dal petrolio al gas naturale. Nuovi assetti e linee di sviluppo nel settore dell'energia elettrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Velona' , F. [Bari Politecnico, Bari (Italy). Centrali Termiche della Facolta' di Ingegneria

    2002-02-01

    Luigi Einaudi Foundation Group organized on November 5th 2001 a roundtable on the theme: Energy in Italy, how to change for surviving. In the congress hall in the National Federation of Italian Press, Valerio Zanone, the president, and other important persons such as Jan Keppler (Associazione Italiana Editori), Edgardo Curcio (Associazione Italiana Economisti dell'Energia), Emilio Gerelli (Pavia University) and Franco Velona' (Bari Politecnico) presented their relations on the theme of competitivity in the italian energy system, on the environmental compatibility and on the diversification sources from petroleum. Among the most interesting ones were those by ing. Machi', president of Gestore Rete Trasmissione Nazionale, by ing. Clavarino, president of Assocarboni, and by ing. Serena, president of Sondel. It seemed that the dialogue between the academies and the production system was taken again successfully. [Italian] La fondazione Luigi Einaudi ha organizzato il 5 novembre 2001 una giornata di studio sul tema L'Energia in Italia, Cambiare per sopravvivere. Nella bella sala convegni della Federazione nazionale della stampa italiana in Roma si sono succeduti dopo l'introduzione del Presidente della Federazione, Valerio Zanone, Jan Keppler dell'AIE, Edgardo Curcio dell'AIEE, Emilio Gerelli dell'Universita' di Pavia e Franco Velona' del Politecnico di Bari, che hanno introdotto le discussioni sulla competitivita' del sistema energetico italiano, sulla compatibilita' ambientale sulla diversificazione dal petrolio. Fra i numerosi interventi, di particolare importanza sono stati quelli dell'in. S. Machi', presidente del Grtn, dell'ing. Clavarino, presidente dell'Assocarboni, dell'ing. Serena della Sondel. Ha concluso i lavori Marcello Inghilesi, che ha ripreso i punti di vista piu' salienti espressi dalle aziende, dai ministeri e dalle associazioni ambientaliste, Il dialogo tra

  19. Combined isosorbide dinitrate and ibuprofen as a novel therapy for muscular dystrophies: evidence from Phase I studies in healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cossu MV

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Maria Vittoria Cossu,1 Dario Cattaneo,1 Serena Fucile,1 Paolo Pellegrino,1 Sara Baldelli,1 Valeria Cozzi,1 Amedeo Capetti,2 Emilio Clementi1,3 1Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Institute of Neuroscience, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University Hospital “Luigi Sacco”, Università di Milano, Milan, Italy; 2Unit of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital “Luigi Sacco”, Milan, Italy; 3Scientific Institute, IRCCS Eugenio Medea, Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy Abstract: We designed two Phase I studies that assessed healthy volunteers in order to evaluate the safety and to optimize the dosing of the combination of the drugs isosorbide dinitrate, a nitric oxide donor, and ibuprofen, a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug. We designed these studies with the aim of designing a Phase II trial to evaluate the drugs’ efficacy in patients affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy. For the first trial, ISOFEN1, a single-dose, randomized-sequence, open-label, active control, three-treatment cross-over study, was aimed at comparing the pharmacokinetics of ibuprofen 200 mg and isosorbide dinitrate 20 mg when given alone and concomitantly. The pharmacokinetics of ibuprofen given alone versus ibuprofen given concomitantly with isosorbide dinitrate were similar, as documented by the lack of statistically significant differences in the main drug’s pharmacokinetic parameters (time to maximal concentration [Tmax], maximal concentration [Cmax], area under the curve [AUC]0–t, and AUC0–∞. Similarly, we found that the coadministration of ibuprofen did not significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of isosorbide dinitrate. No issues of safety were detected. The second trial, ISOFEN2, was a single-site, dose titration study that was designed to select the maximum tolerated dose for isosorbide dinitrate when coadministered with ibuprofen. Eighteen out of the 19 enrolled subjects tolerated the treatment well, and

  20. El triunfo de la ley del más fuerte: la concepción ferrajoliana del derecho de autodeterminación de los pueblos || The Triumph of Law of the Strongest: Ferrajoli’s Conception of the Right of Self-determination of peoples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Payero López

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este trabajo se pretende ofrecer un análisis de la concepción que mantiene Luigi Ferrajoli acerca del derecho de autodeterminación de los pueblos en su obra Principia iuris. Teoría del derecho y de la democracia. Sus tesis sobre la autodeterminación se sitúan en la línea de la interpretación oficial de los textos de Naciones Unidas: los pueblos que cuentan con Estado y aquéllos que, carentes del mismo, sufren graves violaciones de derechos en el seno del Estado en que se integran son los únicos a los que se reconoce este derecho. Aunque no cabe considerar al jurista italiano un autor de referencia en el tema, la postura que mantiene reviste relevancia por contradecir su teoría del garantismo jurídico, es decir, la concepción de los derechos como instrumentos en defensa del más débil. Como aquí se intentará demostrar, la ampliación de la esfera de los derechos que exige el constitucionalismo casa perfectamente con la introducción del derecho de autodeterminación en los ordenamientos de los Estados democráticos, de manera que el reconocimiento internacional del mismo vea aumentadas sus garantías de realización efectiva.   ABSTRACT. In this paper, Luigi Ferrajoli’s conception of the right of self-determination of peoples, as it is shown in his work Principia iuris. Teoria del diritto e della democrazia, will be analysed. His views on self-determination fit the official exegesis of United Nations’ documents: peoples with a state and stateless peoples who suffer severe violations of basic rights within the state they are situated in, are entitled to self-determination. Although the Italian jurist cannot be considered one of the main authors in this field, his stand on self-determination is relevant because it conflicts with the understanding of law as a set of rights in defence of the weak which characterises his political theory. There will be an attempt to prove that broadening the sphere of rights which

  1. El triunfo de la ley del más fuerte: la concepción ferrajoliana del derecho de autodeterminación de los pueblos || The Triumph of Law of the Strongest: Ferrajoli’s Conception of the Right of Self-determination of peoples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Payero López

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este trabajo se pretende ofrecer un análisis de la concepción que mantiene Luigi Ferrajoli acerca del derecho de autodeterminación de los pueblos en su obra Principia iuris. Teoría del derecho y de la democracia. Sus tesis sobre la autodeterminación se sitúan en la línea de la interpretación oficial de los textos de Naciones Unidas: los pueblos que cuentan con Estado y aquéllos que, carentes del mismo, sufren graves violaciones de derechos en el seno del Estado en que se integran son los únicos a los que se reconoce este derecho. Aunque no cabe considerar al jurista italiano un autor de referencia en el tema, la postura que mantiene reviste relevancia por contradecir su teoría del garantismo jurídico, es decir, la concepción de los derechos como instrumentos en defensa del más débil. Como aquí se intentará demostrar, la ampliación de la esfera de los derechos que exige el constitucionalismo casa perfectamente con la introducción del derecho de autodeterminación en los ordenamientos de los Estados democráticos, de manera que el reconocimiento internacional del mismo vea aumentadas sus garantías de realización efectiva. ABSTRACT. In this paper, Luigi Ferrajoli’s conception of the right of self-determination of peoples, as it is shown in his work Principia iuris. Teoria del diritto e della democrazia, will be analysed. His views on self-determination fit the official exegesis of United Nations’ documents: peoples with a state and stateless peoples who suffer severe violations of basic rights within the state they are situated in, are entitled to self-determination. Although the Italian jurist cannot be considered one of the main authors in this field, his stand on self-determination is relevant because it conflicts with the understanding of law as a set of rights in defence of the weak which characterises his political theory. There will be an attempt to prove that broadening the sphere of rights which

  2. Il nuovo volto delle città umbre nella restaurazione pontificia: Antonio Mollari a Foligno / The new aspect of Umbria cities during the papal restoration: Antonio Mollari in Foligno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Belardi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Il «Concorso per la Decorazione della facciata, e ristauro della Torre», bandito nel febbraio del 1834 dal Comune di Foligno, inaugura la stagione umbra delle “facciate addossate”: vere e proprie maschere di pietra e stucco che non si sostituiscono alla facciate preesistenti, ma si giustappongono ad esse in guisa di contrafforte. In questo modo, nelle zone ad alto rischio sismico, l’esigenza di rinforzo strutturale si connette strettamente alle istanze di aggiornamento di gusto nell’ornato urbano. Antonio Mollari, autore del progetto prescelto dalla commissione deputata dalla Pontificia Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna, è un pioniere di tale strategia. Il suo progetto di concorso per la nuova facciata del Palazzo Comunale di Foligno lo inserisce a buon diritto nel novero degli architetti e degli ingegneri che, nella prima metà dell’Ottocento, cambiano radicalmente il volto delle città umbre con un lungo elenco di edifici pubblici di grande qualità: Pietro e Vincenzo Ghinelli, Luigi Poletti, Virginio Vespignani, Ireneo Aleandri. The “Concorso per la Decorazione della facciata, e ristauro della Torre” (contest for façade decoration and tower restoration announced in February 1834 by Foligno’s Municipality, inaugurates the Umbrian period of “leaned-against façade”: authentic stone and plaster masks that do not replace preexisting façades, but juxtapose to them as a buttress. Thus, in high seismic risk areas, the necessity of a structural support is strictly connected to the request of a revision of the urban decoration style. Antonio Mollari, author of the project selected by the appointed Bologna’s “Pontificia Accademia di Belle Arti” committee, is a pioneer of the above metioned strategy. His contest project for the new façade of Foligno’s Palazzo Comunale rightfully places him in that group of architects and engineers who, in the first half of the XIXth century, radically changed Umbrian cities aspect with

  3. Brain functional integration: an epidemiologic study on stress-producing dissociative phenomena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sperandeo R

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Raffaele Sperandeo,1,2,* Vincenzo Monda,3,* Giovanni Messina,4 Marco Carotenuto,5 Nelson Mauro Maldonato,1,2 Enrico Moretto,1,2 Elena Leone,1,2 Vincenzo De Luca,6 Marcellino Monda,3 Antonietta Messina3 1Department of Human Sciences, Università Della, Basilicata, 2School of Integrated Gestaltic Psychotherapy, Torre Annunziata, 3Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human Physiology and Unit of Dietetic and Sport Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, 4Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, 5Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy; 6Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Dissociative phenomena are common among psychiatric patients; the presence of these symptoms can worsen the prognosis, increasing the severity of their clinical conditions and exposing them to increased risk of suicidal behavior. Personality disorders as long duration stressful experiences may support the development of dissociative phenomena. In 933 psychiatric outpatients consecutively recruited, presence of dissociative phenomena was identified with the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES. Dissociative phenomena were significantly more severe in the group of people with mental disorders and/or personality disorders. All psychopathologic traits detected with the symptom checklist-90-revised had a significant correlation with the total score on the DES. Using total DES score as the dependent variable, a linear regression model was constructed. Mental and personality disorders which were associated with greater severity of dissociative phenomena on analysis of variance were included as predictors; scores from the nine scales of symptom checklist-90-revised

  4. Chemical Mapping of Paleontological and Archeological Artifacts with Synchrotron X-Rays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergmann, Uwe; Manning, Phillip L.; Wogelius, Roy A.

    2012-07-01

    The application of the recently developed synchrotron rapid scanning X-ray fluorescence (SRS-XRF) technique to the mapping of large objects is the focus of this review. We discuss the advantages of SRS-XRF over traditional systems and the use of other synchrotron radiation (SR) techniques to provide corroborating spectroscopic and diffraction analyses during the same analytical session. After reviewing routine techniques used to analyze precious specimens, we present several case studies that show how SR-based methods have been successfully applied in archeology and paleontology. For example, SRS-XRF imaging of a seventh-century Qur'ān palimpsest and an overpainted original opera score from Luigi Cherubini is described. We also review the recent discovery of soft-tissue residue in fossils of Archaeopteryx and an ancient reptile, as well as work that has successfully resolved the remnants of pigment in Confuciusornis sanctus, a 120-million-year-old fossil of the oldest documented bird with a fully derived avian beak.

  5. Stereoscopic CAD and Environmental Sculpture: Enhancement of the Design Process in the Visual Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Robert N.; Bandini, Pier L.

    1989-09-01

    In this paper, co-authors Robert Fisher and Pier Luigi Bandini describe their personal observations concerning stereo enhancements of computer graphics images employed in their research. in Part One, Robert Fisher, a professional sculptor, Professor and Artist-in-Residence in the College of Engineering at Penn State, cites three recent environmental sculpture projects: "See-scape," "A Page from the Book of Skies," and an as yet untitled work. Wireframe images, interior views of architectural spaces, and complex imagery are rendered comprehensible by stereo 3-D. In Part Two, Pier L. Bandini, Associate Professor of Architecture and Director of the Architecture CAD Lab at Penn State, describes the virtues of the stereo-enhanced wireframe model--the benefits of the "see-through coupled with a complete awareness of the whole space." The final example, of a never-realized XVIII-century project, suggests a new and profound application of stereo 3-D to historical inquiry, namely, the experience of ancient spaces and structures that are no longer existing or that were never constructed.

  6. An outstanding female figure in the history of occupational health: Ersilia Majno Bronzini.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salerno, Silvana

    2010-01-01

    Starting with the obituary "Ersilia Majno Bronzini: an outstanding female figure in Occupational Health", probably written by Luigi Devoto and published in the journal La Medicina del Lavoro (1933), a reappraisal is made of Majno Bronzini's contribution to occupational health. Most references were collected from the archives of the journal Il Lavoro (1901), the archives of the association "Union of Women", the periodical founded by Majno Bronzini (1899) and other material. Majno Bronzini's selected published papers (1895, 1900, 1902) on the working conditions of women and child labour proposing a national occupational health law were found. The importance of a women's network for occupational health is also shown in Majno Bronzini's correspondence with Anna Celli Frantzel and Maria Montessori. In 1902 Angelo Celli officially congratulated Majno Bronzini's (and Anne Kuliscioff's) efforts to promulgate the first law on women and child labour during his speech before the Italian Parliament, published by II Lavoro. Majno Bronzini and Nina Rignano Sullam were the only two women participating in the First International Congress on Occupational Health in Milan (1906). The correspondence between Majno Bronzini and Devoto (1901-1933) and Devoto's formal acknowledgement of Majno Bronzini (1910) when inaugurating the new "Clinica del Lavoro" institute is well documented. Majno Bronzini dedicated a significant part of her life to occupational health, together with Anna Celli Frantzel and Maria Montessori along with many others. This research shows how important her contribution was to occupational health development.

  7. A proposal for including nomophobia in the new DSM-V

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bragazzi NL

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Nicola Luigi Bragazzi,1,2 Giovanni Del Puente21School of Public Health, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; 2DINOGMI, Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, Section of Psychiatry, University of Genoa, Genoa, ItalyAbstract: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM is considered to be the gold standard manual for assessing the psychiatric diseases and is currently in its fourth version (DSM-IV, while a fifth (DSM-V has just been released in May 2013. The DSM-V Anxiety Work Group has put forward recommendations to modify the criteria for diagnosing specific phobias. In this manuscript, we propose to consider the inclusion of nomophobia in the DSM-V, and we make a comprehensive overview of the existing literature, discussing the clinical relevance of this pathology, its epidemiological features, the available psychometric scales, and the proposed treatment. Even though nomophobia has not been included in the DSM-V, much more attention is paid to the psychopathological effects of the new media, and the interest in this topic will increase in the near future, together with the attention and caution not to hypercodify as pathological normal behaviors.Keywords: behavioral dependence, mobile phone, social phobia, specific phobia

  8. O impacto dos sintetizadores no processo composicional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe de Almeida Ribeiro

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho busca compreender a relação entre o compositor de música eletroacústica e o desenvolvimento dos instrumentos eletroacústicos, em especial a influência dos sintetizadores na música gerada. Adentramos especialmente na prática de patching, recurso que facilita o uso por omitir do músico conhecimentos avançados de eletrônica e programação em sintetizadores modulares de tensão controlada e softwares. A pesquisa tem como base os relatos de Robert Moog (apud KETTLEWELL, 2002, Donald Buchla e Miller Puckette (apud CHADABE, 1997, assim como os estudos de Peter Manning (2013 e Joel Chadabe (1997, e as obras de Karlheinz Stockhausen, Luigi Nono, Morton Subotnick e Philip Manoury. Tem como principal objetivo refletir sobre o papel do compositor de hoje e os desdobramentos poéticos na prática de música eletroacústica.

  9. Conceptul de film dedicat artelor din perspectiva teoriei şi criticii artei cinematografice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitru Olărescu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Cinematography affirmed its status as an art of synthesis, in which an important component is attributed to fine arts. The assimilation process of various works of art by the cinematic language continues by perfecting the means of audio-visual expression, influencing, in its turn, and enriching with new artistic possibilities other kinds of art: theatre, choreography and, in particular, fine arts. The disputes about the film genetic correlations with the fine arts started along with the emergence of film and continued to shape the aesthetic premises of films dedicated to arts. These co-influences of arts constitute conclusive evidence of the interferences, assimilations, and finally, of the complexity of the contemporary artistic phenomenon occurring in the structures of the film about art. We will examine the views of notorious academics, film critics and filmmakers – Serghei Eisenstein, Andre Bazin, Jean Mitry, Henry Lemaitre, Carlo L. Ragghianti, Guido Aristarco, Paul Rotha, Umberto Eco, Luigi Chiarini, Zbignev Czeczot-Gawrak, Nina Behar, etc. – referring to the definition of the film about fine arts and some issues related to aesthetics and cinematic language peculiarities of this category of films.

  10. Current options for the treatment of Paget’s disease of the bone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Merlotti

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Daniela Merlotti, Luigi Gennari, Giuseppe Martini, Ranuccio NutiDepartment of Internal Medicine, Endocrine-Metabolic Sciences and Biochemistry, University of Siena, Siena, ItalyAbstract: Paget’s disease of bone (PDB is a chronic bone remodeling disorder characterized by increased osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, with subsequent compensatory increases in new bone formation, resulting in a disorganized mosaic of woven and lamellar bone at affected skeletal sites. This disease is most often asymptomatic but can be associated with bone pain or deformity, fractures, secondary arthritis, neurological complications, deafness, contributing to substantial morbidity and reduced quality of life. Neoplastic degeneration of pagetic bone is a relatively rare event, occurring with an incidence of less than 1%, but has a grave prognosis. Specific therapy for PDB is aimed at decreasing the abnormal bone turnover and bisphosphonates are currently considered the treatment of choice. These treatments are associated with a reduction in plasma alkaline phosphatase (ALP activity and an improvement in radiological and scintigraphic appearance and with a reduction in bone pain and bone deformity, Recently, the availability of newer, more potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates has improved treatment outcomes, allowing a more effective and convenient management of this debilitating disorder.Keywords: Paget’s disease of bone, bisphosphonates, aminobisphosphonates, bone remodeling

  11. The impact of obesity on cardiovascular structure and function: the fetal programming era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    St-Pierre J

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Julie St-Pierre1, Luigi Bouchard2,3, Paul Poirier41Department of Pediatrics, Chicoutimi Hospital, Saguenay, QC, Canada; 2Department of Biochemistry, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada; 3ECOGENE-21 and Lipid Clinic, Chicoutimi Hospital, Saguenay, QC, Canada; 4Quebec Heart and Lungs Institute, Université Laval, Quebec, QC, CanadaAbstract: The burden of obesity is now well established as a precursor of cardiovascular disease and other disorders. Although better clinical guidelines exist to prevent and treat obesity, the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents is increasing alarmingly. Primary prevention remains the gold standard to significantly reduce the public health concerns associated with obesity. Traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors (such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, type 2 diabetes for cardiovascular disease among children and adolescents are known. The scope of this review is thus to discuss new and emerging obesity and associated-disease risk factors. Evaluation of the coronary plaque formation, diastolic dysfunction, carotid intima-media thickness and heart rate variability represent interesting tools with clinical relevance. Beyond these new cardiovascular disease risk factors, recent evidence suggests that a detrimental fetal environment, associated with for example, maternal obesity, insulin resistance, and physical inactivity, imprints fetal metabolic programming via epigenetic mechanisms that predisposes the newborn to obesity and cardiovascular disease later in life. This information may impact on the future management of maternal health, as well as for those high-risk children.Keywords: cardiovascular disease, pediatrics, risk factors

  12. Petanque Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Petanque Club

    2015-01-01

    Jeudi 28 mai 2015 sous un soleil radieux se déroulait le premier concours interne de pétanque de la saison "Challenge Luigi Bavaresco " en cour depuis 1999. Vingt-quatre participants répartis en douze doublettes s'affrontaient et après des parties parfois difficiles notre juge arbitre Claude Jouve déclarait l'imbattable vainqueur Claude Macari avec trois parties gagnées. Le deuxième joueur très adroit aussi et souvent sur le podium en la personne de André Domeniconi. Le troisième plus discret mais toujours régulier en général Roland Dunand. Notre première féminine Cathia Baigue fille de notre ami Alain Philipona qui elle aussi se trouve souvent dans les trios de tête. Un grand merci à Jenifer, Sylvie Jouve et Claude pour leur aide et préparation du repas. Pour des raisons d&...

  13. Conservation of Stone Cladding on the FAÇADE of Royal Palace in Caserta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titomanlio, I.

    2013-07-01

    The beauty of cultural heritage and monumental architecture, is often linked to their non-structural elements and decorative stones façades cladding. The collapse of these elements causes significant consequences that interest the social, the economic, the historical and the technical fields. Several regulatory documents and literature studies contain methods to address the question of relief and of the risk analysis and due to the non - structural stones security. Among the references are widespread international regulatory documents prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency of the United States by Applied Technology Council and California. In Italy there are some indications contained in the Norme Tecniche per le Costruzioni and the Direttiva del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri in 2007, finalize to the reduction of seismic risk assessment of cultural heritage. The paper, using normative references and scientific researches, allows to analyze on Royal Palace of Caserta the safety and the preservation of cultural heritage and the vulnerability of non-structural stones façade cladding. Using sophisticated equipments of Laboratory ARS of the Second University of Naples, it was possible to analyze the collapse of stone elements due to degradation caused by natural phenomena of deterioration (age of the building, type of materials, geometries , mode of fixing of the elements themselves). The paper explains the collapse mechanisms of stones façade cladding of Luigi Vanvitelli Palace.

  14. 10 years of Ws

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    Ten years ago, on 25 January 1983, the discovery of the W particle at CERN's proton-antiproton collider was announced to the world. The W, the electrically charged carrier of the weak nuclear force, had been predicted 24 years earlier in the classic formulations of modern weak interaction theory by Feynman and Gell- Mann and by Marshak and Sudarshan, and went on to play an important role in the subsequent electroweak unification of electromagnetism and the weak nuclear force. Following the discovery of the neutral current at CERN in 1973, it became clear that the W was an extremely heavy particle, some 80 times heavier than the proton, too heavy to be detected by any accelerator in operation at the time. Pushed by Carlo Rubbia, the CERN proton-antiproton collider was built to find the W and its electrically neutral companion, the Z. Collider operations at CERN in 1982 had been compressed into a two month run, from October to December. The teams at the big UA1 and UA2 experiments eagerly sifting through their 1982 data noticed the first signs of Ws. The initial candidate W events were announced in CERN seminars by Carlo Rubbia, for UA1, on 20 January 1983*, and the following day by Luigi Di Leila for UA2. As well as new science, these two seminars also set a trend for packing the CERN auditorium to overflowing

  15. The Brazilian judiciary as Superego Society : A Critical About Encroachment Understanding the values ​​of a society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Helena Lesqueves Galante

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The main idea of this paper is to raise questions on the democratic character of “con- temporary constitutionalism”. In this sense, we present the ideas of four renowned scholars and the core of their theses, whose influence – especially in the “Latin world” – is undenia- ble. They are Manuel Atienza, Luigi Ferrajoli, Luis Prieto Sanchís and Gustavo Zagrebel- sky. Among the many differences that characterize them, their accounts have at least one thing in common: enthusiasm for the constitutional project. To that extent, they stress the normativity of the Constitution and the “civilizing feature” of constitutional values. We address several objections to this understanding, taking into consideration the fundamen- tal right to participate on political affairs, including issues related to substantive rights, which require political and moral developments. To do so, we must take seriously the fact of disagreement and the fact of pluralism as elements of the process of protection and realization of fundamental rights. These rights are also subject to a decision-making process.

  16. Pirandello and the modern uneasiness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Quilian de Vargas

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Sicilian writer and playwright Luigi Pirandello lived between two worlds: the late Sic­ily universe in the end of the nineteenth century, and the bold modernity in the beginning of the twentieth century. His work encompasses the changes in the system of values as well as the social and historical transformations. At the same time, he highlights the powerless man who was facing such reality and this becomes a meaningful element in his texts. Pirandello’s poetic constitutes itself according to the dynamics and theme of a criticizing decadence towards society, the postulates of an artistic radicalism and the absence of history, and life meaning as well. O falecido Mattia Pascal, Um, nenhum e cem mil, Assim é (se lhe parece e Seis Personagens à Procura de um Autor are the works cited in this paper with the purpose of showing that fragmentation, mimesis disruption and anti-representation are constant in Pirandello’s works which are immersed in the contradictory mo­dernity.

  17. Acoustics of the Intonarumori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serafin, Stefania

    2005-04-01

    The Intonarumori were a family of musical instruments invented by the Italian futurist composer and painter Luigi Russolo. Each Intonarumori was made of a wooden parallelepiped sound box, inside which a wheel of different sizes and materials was setting into vibration a catgut or metal string. The pitch of the string was varied by using a lever, while the speed of the wheel was controlled by the performer using a crank. At one end of the string there was a drumhead that transmitted vibrations to the speaker. Unfortunately, all the original Intonarumori were destroyed after a fire during World War II. Since then, researchers have tried to understand the sound production mechanism of such instruments, especially by consulting the patents compiled by Russolo or by reading his book ``The art of noise.'' In this paper we describe the acoustics of the Intonarumori. Based on such description, we propose physical models that simulate such instruments. The intonarumori's string is modeled using a one dimensional waveguide, which is excited either by an impact or a friction model. The body of the instrument is modeled using a 3-D rectangular mesh, while the horn is considered as an omnidirectional radiator.

  18. Doxofylline is not just another theophylline!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matera MG

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Maria Gabriella Matera,1 Clive Page,2 Mario Cazzola3 1Department of Experimental Medicine, Unit of Pharmacology, University of Campania ‘Luigi Vanvitelli’, Naples, Italy; 2Sackler Institute of Pulmonary Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, King’s College London, London, UK; 3Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, Chair of Respiratory Medicine, University of Rome ‘Tor Vergata’, Rome, Italy Abstract: Doxofylline, which differs from theophylline in containing the dioxalane group at position 7, has comparable efficacy to theophylline in the treatment of respiratory diseases, but with an improved tolerability profile and a favorable risk-to-benefit ratio. Furthermore, it does not have significant drug–drug interactions as exhibited with theophylline, which make using theophylline more challenging, especially in elderly patients with co-morbidities receiving multiple classes of drug. It is now clear that doxofylline also possesses a distinct pharmacological profile from theophylline (no significant effect on any of the known phosphodiesterase isoforms, no significant adenosine receptor antagonism, no direct effect on histone deacetylases, interaction with β2-adrenoceptors and therefore, should not be considered as just a modified theophylline. Randomized clinical trials of doxofylline to investigate the use of this drug to reduce exacerbations and hospitalizations due to asthma or COPD as an alternative to expensive biologics, and certainly as an alternative to theophylline are to be encouraged. Keywords: doxofylline, theophylline, mechanisms of action, therapeutic effects, adverse effects

  19. Conferenze scelte

    CERN Document Server

    Fantappiè, Luigi

    1993-01-01

    L'opera scientifica di Luigi Fantappiè (1901-1956) si può dividere in tre tappe fondamentali : a) Dal 1923 al 1941 egli si occupò prevalentemente della Teoria dei funzionali analitici, da lui stesso creata. b) Nel 1942 propose la Teoria unitaria del mondo fisico e biologico, completata nel 1947, con l'introduzione del nuovo concetto di "esistenza totale", compatibile con i principi della relatività. c) A partire dal 1952 sviluppò la Teoria degli universi fisici, basata sulla teoria dei gruppi, e nel 1954 dimostrò che la relatività ristretta di Einstein risulta un caso limite di una teoria più perfezionata, la relatività finale. In questo volume vengono presentate alcune conferenze nelle quali Fantappiè espone in forma semplice e divulgativa le sue idee, alla ricerca di una visione armonica ed unitaria del cosmo e della vita. Il lavoro è stato curato dal suo allievo Giuseppe Arcidiacono.

  20. Cataract surgery in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome: current updates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fontana L

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Luigi Fontana, Marco Coassin, Alfonso Iovieno, Antonio Moramarco, Luca Cimino Ophthalmology Unit, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova – IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy Abstract: Pseudoexfoliation is a ubiquitous syndrome of multifactorial origin affecting elderly people by increasing the risk of cataract and secondary glaucoma development. Despite modern techniques and technologies for cataract surgery, pseudoexfoliation syndrome represents a challenge for surgeons because of the increased weakness of the zonular apparatus and limited pupil dilation. Due to the inherent difficulties during surgery, the risk of vitreous loss in these patients is several times higher than in cataract patients without pseudoexfoliation. Using currently available surgical devices (ophthalmic viscosurgical device, iris retractors and ring dilators, capsular tension ring, etc., the risk of intraoperative complications may be much reduced, allowing the surgeon to handle difficult cases with greater confidence and safety. This review analyzes the methodologic approach to the patient with zonular laxity with the aim of providing useful advices to limit the risks of intraoperative and postoperative complications. From the preoperative planning, to the intraoperative management of the small pupil and phacodonesis, and to the postoperative correction of capsule phimosis and intraocular lens dislocation, a step approach to the surgical management of pseudoexfoliation patients is illustrated. Keywords: pseudoexfoliation syndrome, cataract surgery, zonular laxity, intraocular lens implant, complications

  1. Using ChEMBL web services for building applications and data processing workflows relevant to drug discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowotka, Michał M; Gaulton, Anna; Mendez, David; Bento, A Patricia; Hersey, Anne; Leach, Andrew

    2017-08-01

    ChEMBL is a manually curated database of bioactivity data on small drug-like molecules, used by drug discovery scientists. Among many access methods, a REST API provides programmatic access, allowing the remote retrieval of ChEMBL data and its integration into other applications. This approach allows scientists to move from a world where they go to the ChEMBL web site to search for relevant data, to one where ChEMBL data can be simply integrated into their everyday tools and work environment. Areas covered: This review highlights some of the audiences who may benefit from using the ChEMBL API, and the goals they can address, through the description of several use cases. The examples cover a team communication tool (Slack), a data analytics platform (KNIME), batch job management software (Luigi) and Rich Internet Applications. Expert opinion: The advent of web technologies, cloud computing and micro services oriented architectures have made REST APIs an essential ingredient of modern software development models. The widespread availability of tools consuming RESTful resources have made them useful for many groups of users. The ChEMBL API is a valuable resource of drug discovery bioactivity data for professional chemists, chemistry students, data scientists, scientific and web developers.

  2. The speech choir in central European theatres and literary-musical works in the first third of the 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyer-Kalkus Reinhart

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Speech choirs emerged as an offshoot of the choral gatherings of a wider youth musical and singing movement in the first half of the 20th century. The occasionally expressed opinion that choral speaking was cultivated primarily by the Hitler Youth and pressed into service on behalf of Nazi nationalist and racist propaganda is, historically, only partially accurate. The primary forces of choral speaking in Germany were, from 1919, the Social Democratic workers’ and cultural movement and the Catholic youth groups, in addition to elementary and secondary schools. The popularity of speech choirs around 1930 was also echoed in the music of the time. Compositions for musical speech choirs were produced by composers like Heinz Thiessen, Arnold Schönberg, Ernst Toch, Carl Orff, Vladimir Vogel, Luigi Nono, Helmut Lachenmann and Wolfgang Rihm. Moving forward from the Schönberg School, the post-1945 new music thereby opens up the spectrum of vocal expressions of sound beyond that of the singing voice. It does so not only for solo voices but for the choir as well.

  3. Space Flight and Re-Entry Trajectories : International Symposium

    CERN Document Server

    Libby, Paul A

    1962-01-01

    In this and a following issue (Vol. VIII, 1962, Fasc. 2-3) of "Astronautica Acta" there will appear the papers presented at the first international symposium sponsored by the International Academy of Astronautics of the International Astronautical Federation. The theme of the meeting was "Space Flight and Re-Entry Trajectories." It was held at Louveciennes outside of Paris on June 19-21, 1961. Sixteen papers by authors from nine countries were presented; attendees numbered from 80 to 100. The organizing committee for the symposium was as follows: Prof. PAUL A. LIBBY, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, U.S.A., Chairman; Prof. LuiGI BROGLIO, University of Rome, Italy; Prof. B. FRAEIJS DE VEUBEKE, University of Liege, Belgium; Dr. D. G. KING-HELE, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, Rants, United Kingdom; Prof. J. M. J. KooY, Royal Military School, Breda, Netherlands; Prof. JEAN KovALEVSKY, Bureau des Longitudes, Paris, France; Prof. RuDOLF PESEK, Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czechoslovakia. The detailed ...

  4. Bioamplificadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Reynolds

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Las señales bioeléctricas se remiten a estudios que comenzaron con el descubrimiento de la electricidad en seres vivos, vislumbrada por Luigi Galvani y Alessandro Volta en el siglo XVII (Figuras 1A y 1B, y demostrada por Carlo Matteucci y sus continuadores en el siglo XIX. El alcance de este artículo tiene como objetivo explicar el origen de los amplificadores utilizados en Electrofisiología, a través del análisis de una necesidad científica de la época que llevó a la construcción de aparatos cada vez más especializados, supliendo así las insuficiencias tecnológicas de la experimentación en Física y Fisiología y a su vez, sentando las bases de disciplinas como la Electrocardiografía, las Neurociencias, la Electromiografía y la Electrofisiología, en general.

  5. Giovanni Aldini: from animal electricity to human brain stimulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parent, André

    2004-11-01

    Two hundred years ago, Giovanni Aldini published a highly influential book that reported experiments in which the principles of Luigi Galvani (animal electricity) and Alessandro Volta (bimetallic electricity) were used together for the first time. Aldini was born in Bologna in 1762 and graduated in physics at the University of his native town in 1782. As nephew and assistant of Galvani, he actively participated in a series of crucial experiments with frog's muscles that led to the idea that electricity was the long-sought vital force coursing from brain to muscles. Aldini became professor of experimental physics at the University of Bologna in 1798. He traveled extensively throughout Europe, spending much time defending the concept of his discreet uncle against the incessant attacks of Volta, who did not believe in animal electricity. Aldini used Volta's bimetallic pile to apply electric current to dismembered bodies of animals and humans; these spectacular galvanic reanimation experiments made a strong and enduring impression on his contemporaries. Aldini also treated patients with personality disorders and reported complete rehabilitation following transcranial administration of electric current. Aldini's work laid the ground for the development of various forms of electrotherapy that were heavily used later in the 19th century. Even today, deep brain stimulation, a procedure currently employed to relieve patients with motor or behavioral disorders, owes much to Aldini and galvanism. In recognition of his merits, Aldini was made a knight of the Iron Crown and a councillor of state at Milan, where he died in 1834.

  6. De la electricidad animal, la pila y los controles a la investigación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Alejandro Múnera Galarza

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Cada vez que un médico de urgencias usa un desfibrilador durante las maniobras de resucitación de un paciente en paro cardiorrespiratorio se aplican, sabiéndolo o no, los resultados de investigaciones sobre "el movimiento muscular de la rana" realizadas hace más de dos siglos por un avispado y excéntrico profesor de anatomía de la Universidad de Bolonia: Luigi Galvani. Su interpretación de estos resultados con base en una supuesta "electricidad animal" suscitó el desacuerdo de un profesor de física de la Universidad de Pavía: Alessandro Volta. El profesor Volta se dedicó entonces a hacer experimentos destinados a demostrar que los tejidos animales no eran necesarios para la conducción de la electricidad, y estos experimentos le condujeron a desarrollar la pila eléctrica, la misma que suministra hoy la energía para que funcionen los marcapasos, los electroestimuladores y un sinfín de ingenios electrónicos comunes en la práctica médica de nuestros días.

  7. Alexander von Humboldt: galvanism, animal electricity, and self-experimentation part 1: formative years, naturphilosophie, and galvanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley; Piccolino, Marco; Stahnisch, Frank W

    2013-01-01

    During the 1790s, Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859), who showed an early interest in many facets of natural philosophy and natural history, delved into the controversial subject of galvanism and animal electricity, hoping to shed light on the basic nature of the nerve force. He was motivated by his broad worldview, the experiments of Luigi Galvani, who favored animal electricity in more than a few specialized fishes, and the thinking of Alessandro Volta, who accepted specialized fish electricity but was not willing to generalize to other animals, thinking Galvani's frog experiments flawed by his use of metals. Differing from many German Naturphilosophen, who shunned "violent" experiments, the newest instruments, and detailed measurement, Humboldt conducted thousands of galvanic experiments on animals and animal parts, as well as many on his own body, some of which caused him great pain. He interpreted his results as supporting some but not all of the claims made by both Galvani and Volta. Notably, because of certain negative findings and phenomenological differences, he remained skeptical about the intrinsic animal force being qualitatively identical to true electricity. Hence, he referred to a "galvanic force," not animal electricity, in his letters and publications, a theoretical position he would abandon with Volta's help early in the new century.

  8. A constituição da subjetividade a partir de Sartre e Pirandello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucrecia Paula Corbella Castelo Branco

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo propone analizar, a través de las obras La nausea, de Jean- Paul Sartre, y El fallecido Mattia Pascal, de Luigi Pirandello, cómo la literatura, entendida como el conjunto de la obra de un autor, puede ser una vía de comprensión de la creación de la subjetividad. El filósofo Sartre analiza la relación del hombre com el mundo a mundo a partir de un hombre concreto en su experiencia vivida. Para el dramaturgo Pirandello, las personas para poder relacionarse entre sí, construyen máscaras. Lo que está en el núcleo de la cuestión filosófica para Sartre, así como para Pirandello, es la subjetividad que, para ambos, se constituye a partir de una relación conflictiva entre el hombre y la sociedad. Hacer literatura es afirmar una singularidad en determinado contexto histórico en el cual el escritor y el lector se comunican a través de un ejercicio de libertad.

  9. Petanque Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Club de pétanque

    2011-01-01

    Une petite averse n’a pas suffit pour pertuber le premier concours de notre saison de pétanque “Challenge Luigi BAVARESCO “.Toujours dans la bonne humeur et le même état d’esprit 24 participants étaient présents.Après trois parties en tirage à la mêlée notre juge arbitre Albert MENETREY proclamait vainqueur un habitué des podiums aussi bien au Cern qu’à l’extérieur notre gaucher de toujours : Claude MACARI Le deuxième dont le Papa (trésorier) et l’oncle sont des bons pétanqueurs et qui lui a une certaine adresse:David JOUVE qui surclasse donc les membres de sa famille. Le troisième,dont son propre challenge sera le 30 Juin prochain et qui lui aussi malgré un manque d’entraînement à de bon reste est:Claude CARTERET. Notre premi&...

  10. The Acoustics of the Double Elliptical Vault of the Royal Palace of Caserta (Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umberto Berardi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This work investigates the acoustic characteristics of the double elliptical vault, which overlooks the Grand Staircase of the Royal Palace of Caserta (Italy. The Royal Palace was built by the architect Luigi Vanvitelli in the Seventeenth Century and it is the largest royal building in Italy. The double elliptical vault presents a great scenography effect. Inside the vault, on the planking level, musicians used to play for the king and his guests when the royal procession, going up the grand staircase, entered the royal apartments, creating astonishment among the guests who heard the music without understanding from where it was coming. Since the musicians were inside the vault, the long reverberation made the listeners perceive the vault to be enveloped by the music. To investigate this effect, the acoustic characteristics of the double vault were measured, putting the sound source on the planking level of the vault, while the microphones were put along the staircase and in the vestibule towards the royal apartments. Finally, the spatial distribution of several acoustic parameters is evaluated also using architectural acoustic simulations.

  11. Psychoanalysis, science, and art: aesthetics in the making of a psychoanalyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frayze-Pereira, João A

    2007-04-01

    This paper critically examines the relationship of psychoanalysis to science and art. Its point of departure is Michael Rustin's theorizing. Specifically, in considering the possibility of a psychoanalyst's having an aesthetic orientation, the author analyses: 1) the difficulty of there being any connection between psychoanalysis and science because science's necessarily presupposed subject-object dichotomy is incompatible with transference, which, beginning with Freud, is basic to psychoanalysis; 2) the complex relationship between psychoanalysis and aesthetics using Maurice Merleau-Ponty's philosophical perspective as well as Luigi Pareyson's theory of aesthetics; 3) the Kantian foundations of the psychoanalytic notion of art as the 'containing form of subjective experience'; 4) intersubjectivity, without which clinical practice would not be possible, especially considering matters of identity, difference, the body, and of sensory experience such as 'expressive form'; 5) the relationship of psychoanalysis and art, keeping in mind their possible convergence and divergence as well as some psychoanalysts' conceptual commitment to classicism and the need for contact with art in a psychoanalyst's mind set.

  12. Inverted CERN School of Computing

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2011-01-01

      The 5th edition of the Inverted CERN School of Computing (iCSC, “Where students turn into teachers”) will take place next Thursday and Friday (3 and 4 of March) at CERN, Building 31 - IT Amphitheatre - Third Floor. Attendance is free and open to everyone. The programme is designed so that you can attend the lectures that interest you. This year highlights: Cloud Computing, Software Engineering, Cryptography Registration is not mandatory, but will allow you to obtain a copy of the full booklet (first registered, first served). Programme overview: Thursday 3 March 2011 10:00 - 10:15 Introduction School opening 10:15 - 11:10 Lecture 1 Virtualization: what it is, how it works – Luigi Gallerani 11:20 - 12:15 Lecture 2 Server Virtualization at work – Carlos Garcia Fernandez 14:00 - 14:55 Lecture 3 Unweaving Clouds: Principles and Practice – Belmiro Moreira 15:30 - 16:25 Lecture 4 Understanding Cryptography: From Caesar to Public-Key – Nicola...

  13. Somatic perception, cultural differences and immigration: results from administration of the Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire (MSPQ to a sample of immigrants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bragazzi NL

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Giovanni Del Puente, Werner Maria NattaDepartment of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, Section of Psychiatry, University of Genoa, Genoa, ItalyAbstract: The number of immigrants in Italy has doubled every 10 years from 1972 and Genoa hosts two large communities of immigrants from South America and Africa. We investigated differences in the somatic perception between immigrants and Italians and between South Americans and Africans living in the city of Genoa. During a 7 month period, an anonymous questionnaire asking for sociodemographic information and the Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire (MSPQ were administered to all immigrants accessing an outpatient clinic or the general practitioners offices. MSPQ mean scores were significantly higher in immigrant patients than in Italian patients, after adjusting for sex and age differences. We found no differences between South Americans and Africans in MSPQ score. The tendency to express discomfort through physical symptoms appears to be related to being a foreigner who arrived in Italy through a migratory trip and also to being a person who comes from a cultural context that is very different from the one of developed countries.Keywords: immigrants, Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire (MSPQ, somatization, transcultural psychiatry

  14. “Pozzoromolo”, la tragica armonia della dissonanza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Ferri

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Pozzoromolo is the second novel by the promising young writer Luigi Romolo Carrino. The novel, which has been shortlisted for the Premio Strega, is analyzed in this essay by applying linguistic-symbolical parameters. It is shown that these, already in the ambivalence of the protagonist, underline how language, characters, style, and narrative underlie the novel’s structure. Starting with the title and the name of the first-person narrator, the novel’s most important themes are analyzed. From the function of parental figures and a series of obvious intertextual echoes, one cannot but conclude that the main character’s split personality, distorted by the nature of the writing, also finds expression in the novel’s idiolectal solutions. It is in these that one can perceive the writer’s stylistic acrobatics, the consistent fragmentation of the diaristic narrative, and the interesting linguistic blend, which is made up of irregular sentences, intertextual echoes of literary and popular sources, original formal results and lyrical representations.

  15. Politica e poetica nella non-scuola del Teatro delle Albe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARESTA, Vito Antonio

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The theatrical experience of ‘non-school’ began in the early ‘90’s, in Ravenna, as part of Teatro delle Albe’s work, a company created in 1983 by Marco Martinelli, Ermanna Montanari, Luigi Dadina and Marcella Nonni. From the early years of the new millennium ‘non-school’ started up in various cities, both in Italy and abroad, and took the name of ‘Arrevuoto’ (Revolt in Naples, ‘Capusutta’ (Upside down in Lamezia Terme and ‘Eresia della Felicità a Venezia’ (The Heresy of Happiness in Venice in the city of that name. The ‘bringing to life of the classics’, the work in chorus and the constant attention to otherness and differences contribute to non-school’s style, but form only a part of the complexity of this theatrical work which changes according to which location a performance will take place in and which texts are chosen. The present article looks into some artistic and political aspects of ‘non-school’ and follows its work which connected four Italian cities over the years 2005-2012: Ravenna, Naples, Lamezia Terme and Venice.

  16. Restoration of the façade of the Pirelli skyscraper in Milan and the repair of damage to reinforced concrete structures caused by a plane crash: An example of critic conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Pergoli Campanelli

    2014-06-01

    The main intervention concerns the recovery of the structure with over 10,000 m2 of continuous aluminum and glass façade in a skyscraper designed by Italian master Gio Ponti and the repair of the damage to the reinforced concrete (RC structures (designed by another Italian master, Pier Luigi Nervi caused by a plane crash. The straightening and repair of the RC using entirely innovative methods and the conservation of the structures of the whole façade also translates into financial savings. Approximately 20% of the savings is derived from the complete substitution of the curtain wall. This idea of authenticity results in a method of restoration in which all single parts may not always be replaced for every functional upgrade. This scenario is important news, especially for modern architecture that usually prefers the value of what appears to be new, showing parts that are always perfect since the time they were built. People also consider the conservation of items that were considered as merely industrial products a few years ago.

  17. Fatigue in lung cancer patients: symptom burden and management of challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carnio S

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Simona Carnio, Rosario Francesco Di Stefano, Silvia Novello Oncology Department, University of Turin, AOU San Luigi, Orbassano, Italy Abstract: Lung cancer (LC remains the most common cause of cancer death in several countries across the world. Fatigue is the most frequently reported symptom in LC patients throughout the entire course of disease, and all international guidelines recommend early screening for cancer-related fatigue (CRF and symptoms that can affect patients' quality of life. In patients with LC, fatigue belongs to the symptom cluster of pain, depression, and insomnia, which are commonly observed simultaneously, but are typically treated as separate although they may have common biological mechanisms. The treatment of CRF remains one of the difficult areas in the oncology field: scarce evidence supports pharmacological therapies, while some interesting data arising indicates alternative remedies and physical exercise seem to be one of the most effective approaches for CRF at any stage of LC. Keywords: fatigue, lung cancer, symptom cluster, quality of life

  18. The new AMS control centre

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2011-01-01

    Construction work for the future AMS control room began in November 2010 and should be finished this June. The new building, which will have been completed in record time thanks to the professionalism of the project team, will soon be ready to receive the initial data from the AMS experiment.     Luigi Scibile and Michael Poehler, from the GS department, at the AMS control centre construction site.   The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is due to wing its way towards the International Space Station (ISS) on board the shuttle Discovery in April. Mainly intended for research on antimatter and dark matter, the data collected by AMS will be sent to Houston in the United States and then directly to CERN’s new Building 946. Construction work for the AMS control centre building on the Route Gentner at CERN’s Prévessin site started in November 2010 and must be completed in time to receive the first data from the spectrometer in June. “It normall...

  19. How we make cell therapy in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montemurro T

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tiziana Montemurro, Mariele Viganò, Silvia Budelli, Elisa Montelatici, Cristiana Lavazza, Luigi Marino, Valentina Parazzi, Lorenza Lazzari, Rosaria GiordanoCell Factory, Unit of Cell Therapy and Cryobiology, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, ItalyAbstract: In the 21st century scenario, new therapeutic tools are needed to take up the social and medical challenge posed by the more and more frequent degenerative disorders and by the aging of population. The recent category of advanced therapy medicinal products has been created to comprise cellular, gene therapy, and tissue engineered products, as a new class of drugs. Their manufacture requires the same pharmaceutical framework as for conventional drugs and this means that industrial, large-scale manufacturing process has to be adapted to the peculiar characteristics of cell-containing products. Our hospital took up the challenge of this new path in the early 2000s; and herein we describe the approach we followed to set up a pharmaceutical-grade facility in a public hospital context, with the aim to share the solutions we found to make cell therapy compliant with the requirements for the production and the quality control of a high-standard medicinal product.Keywords: advanced therapy medicinal product, good manufacturing practices, stem cells

  20. Visiting the Theatre of War: Fortresses, battlefields, and the bellicose past of the southern Low Countries (1697-1750

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerrit Verhoeven

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Visitando il teatro della guerra. Fortezze, campi di battaglia, e memorie di guerra nei Paesi Bassi meridionali (1697-1750Dagli ultimissimi anni del Seicento in poi, la zona sud-orientale dei Paesi Bassi meridionali, con città quali Liegi e Namur, diventava meta di viaggiatori e turisti curiosi di visitare i luoghi che solo alcuni anni prima erano stati devastati nelle campagne militari di Luigi XIV. A cominciare dalla guida di Jean-Baptiste II Christyn, Les Délices des Païs-Bas (1697, una produzione corografica chiaramente modellata su esempi precedenti relativi soprattutto ai Paesi Bassi settentrionali cominciava a stimolare tale nuovo fenomeno di ‘turismo dei campi di battaglia’, presentando la regione in una veste militare appositamente accentuata per soddisfare questo nuovo mercato turistico. Verhoeven dimostra il successo di questo tentativo di ‘region branding’, illustrando non solo il crescente flusso di viaggiatori a questa regione prima solo raramente visitata, ma anche l’impatto preciso di alcuni testi corografici, la cui impronta è chiaramente riconoscibile negli appunti di alcuni viaggiatori e perfino nei percorsi turistici offerti sul luogo a questi visitatori.

  1. [Gender differences in workplace bullying].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campanini, P; Punzi, Silvia; Carissimi, Emanuela; Gilioli, R

    2006-01-01

    Despite the attention that international Agencies give to the gender issue in situations of workplace bullying, few investigations have been performed on this topic. The aim of the study is describe the gender differences in victims of workplace bullying observed in an Italian survey. A total of 243 subjects (124 males and 119 females) were examined at the Centre for Occupational Stress and Harassment of the "Clinica del Lavoro Luigi Devoto" (University of Milan and IRCCS Foundation); they were selected among patients who met the criteria for being considered victims of negative actions at work leading to workplace bullying. Data regarding the person, workplace and the workplace bullying situation were collected by means of an ad hoc questionnaire. Analysis of the data, compared with those of IS-TAT 2002, showed a higher prevalence of females subjected to negative actions at work. In women, the risk of being subjected to negative actions leading to workplace bullying was shown to increase in the 34-44 age range and to decrease in higher age ranges; in men the risk remained elevated also after 55 years of age. In general, women were victims of negative actions regarding personal values related to emotional-relational factors, while men were attacked on their work performance. Sexual harassment, may mark the onset of other types of psychological harassment or can be one of its components.

  2. “Misa fronteriza”: análisis e intervención de un texto literario desde la transdisciplinariedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarik Torres Mojica

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available “Misa fronteriza” de Luis Humberto Crosthwaite (2011 es un texto en el que se sintetiza el lenguaje religioso con el literario y el musical. Su estructura parte del ritual de la misa católica e incorpora los géneros dramático, argumentativo, poético y narrativo; singulariza el problema de las identidades culturales y nacionales y los límites de lo profano y lo sagrado. Es un escrito abierto, portador de imágenes y sonidos que invita a la representación e intervención a partir de las artes visuales, escénicas, literarias y musicales. Este artículo explora las posibilidades de intervención estética a partir de un texto que transgrede los límites de los géneros literarios y de los lenguajes artísticos. El terreno de análisis es el fragmento “I. Evangelium” del texto de Crosthwaite y para ello se parte de las propuestas de Luigi Russolo –arte sonoro- y de Roman Ingarden –teoría literaria-.

  3. Immune-mediated keratoconjunctivitis sicca in dogs: current perspectives on management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dodi PL

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pier Luigi Dodi Department of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy Abstract: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS is a frequent canine ophthalmic disease, resulting from the deficiency of one or more elements in the precorneal tear film. There are different known causes of KCS in dogs, including congenital, metabolic, infectious, drug induced, neurogenic, radiation, iatrogenic, idiopathic, and immune mediated, though the last one is the most prevalent form in dogs. Initially, clinical signs of KCS include blepharospasm caused by ocular pain, mucoid to mucopurulent ocular discharge, and conjunctival hyperemia; secondary bacterial infection may also occur, with chronicity, corneal epithelial hyperplasia, pigmentation, neovascularization, and corneal ulceration. The diagnosis of KCS is based on the presence of consistent clinical signs and measurement of decreased aqueous tear production using the Schirmer tear test. Therapy is based on administering the following topical drugs: ocular lubricant, mucolytics, antibiotics, corticosteroids, pilocarpine, and immunomodulators. These last drugs (eg, cyclosporine, pimecrolimus, and tacrolimus have immunosuppressive activity and stimulate tear production. Furthermore, the nerve growth factor is a new subject matter of the research. Although these therapies are advantageous, stimulation of natural tear production seems to provide the highest recovery in clinical signs and prevention of vision loss. The goal of the following article is to describe the recent developments about KCS in dogs emphasizing the use of new therapies. Keywords: dogs, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, treatment, NGF

  4. Corral, Café, and Concert Hall: Enrique Granados’s “El fandango de candil” and Manuel de Falla’s “Danza de la molinera”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Kent

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde principios del siglo XVIII el Fandango ha sido reconocido a nivel internacional como tropo en la música clásica de Europa. Compositores españoles y residentes en España, como Domenico Scarlatti, Antonio Soler, o Luigi Boccherini, crearon una tradición del fandango como obra virtuosa para tecla o para conjunto de cámara, caracterizada por animadas variaciones, mientras que Mozart aludió a la danza en el tercer acto de su Nozze di Figaro. A principios del siglo XX, compositores españoles nacionalistas como Enrique Granados o Manuel de Falla adaptaron por el fandango a un vocabulario harmónico posromántico o impresionista, y a los contornos de la forma sonata. En El fandango de candil de su suite Goyescas para piano solo, Granados emplea todo el arsenal de técnicas pianísticas propias de finales del siglo XIX. Falla utiliza los recursos de la orquesta debussiana en la Danza de la molinera de su ballet El sombrero de tres picos. Mi ponencia estudia por tanto las maneras idiosincrásicas empleadas por estos compositores para evocar el espíritu de los orígenes folklóricos de la danza con las técnicas de composición del momento.

  5. Mondani intraoral welding: historical process and main practical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dal Carlo, L; Pasqualini, M E; Mondani, P M; Rossi, F; Moglioni, E; Shulman, M

    2017-01-01

    The intraoral welder was invented by Dr. Pierluigi Mondani during the early 70’s to weld titanium needle implants to a titanium bar in patient’s mouth and to load them immediately by means of resin prosthesis. The clinical use documented dates back to 1972. Over the years, many practical applications have been added to the initial one, which have expanded the use of this device. In this scientific work, main applications are described. The aim of the work was to trace the historical process of intra-oral welding according to Mondani and describe the main practical applications. Intra-oral welding is a process introduced by dr. Pier Luigi Mondani of Genova (Italy) which allows to firmly conjoin titanium implants of any shape by means of a titanium bar or also directly between them in the mouth during surgery. The immediate stabilization achieved by intraoral welding increases implants success rate, allows immediate loading even in situations of bone atrophy, saves implants that are running into failure, re-evaluates fractured implants, allows to stabilize submerged implants postponing prosthesis management, allows to achieve efficient rehabilitation protocols to deal with difficult cases. The 40-years’ experience with intra-oral welding described in this article, confirms the ease of use and efficiency in providing immediate stabilization of titanium implants of all types.

  6. A Musical Italy: Michael W. Balfe’s Italian Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basil Walsh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Dublin-born musician, Michael W. Balfe, was a singer, composerand conductor whose brilliant musical career was heavily influenced byformative experiences in Italy. In 1825, Balfe, interested in broadeninghis musical studies first went to Paris where he was introduced to thegreat composers, Luigi Cherubini and Gioachino Rossini, who took apersonal interest in him and his musical talents. On the advice of Rossinihe spent the next few years in Italy studying singing with the famousRossini singer, Filippo Galli, and taking music composition lessonsfrom Ferdinando Paer, in Rome. Later in Milan he studied harmonyand counterpoint with Vincenzo Federici. By 1831, when he was only23 years old, his first three operas had been produced in Palermo, Pavia,and Milan. He returned to London in August 1835, participatingwith the great Lablache, Tamburini, Rubini and Grisi in a concert inVauxhall Gardens. In 1834 he made his debut at La Scala, Milan, singingopposite the renowned mezzo-soprano, Maria Malibran in Rossini’sOtello. He appeared again with Malibran in Venice early in 1835,singing once more in Rossini and Bellini operas. Balfe worked as a singerand composer throughout the Italian peninsula/states during the years,1825-1835 and this article will chart these experiences and demonstratehow the time he spent in Italy and the people he met, influenced hislife and later career as an important and popular European composer.

  7. Nonlinear system identification for prostate cancer and optimality of intermittent androgen suppression therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Taiji; Aihara, Kazuyuki

    2013-09-01

    These days prostate cancer is one of the most common types of malignant neoplasm in men. Androgen ablation therapy (hormone therapy) has been shown to be effective for advanced prostate cancer. However, continuous hormone therapy often causes recurrence. This results from the progression of androgen-dependent cancer cells to androgen-independent cancer cells during the continuous hormone therapy. One possible method to prevent the progression to the androgen-independent state is intermittent androgen suppression (IAS) therapy, which ceases dosing intermittently. In this paper, we propose two methods to estimate the dynamics of prostate cancer, and investigate the IAS therapy from the viewpoint of optimality. The two methods that we propose for dynamics estimation are a variational Bayesian method for a piecewise affine (PWA) system and a Gaussian process regression method. We apply the proposed methods to real clinical data and compare their predictive performances. Then, using the estimated dynamics of prostate cancer, we observe how prostate cancer behaves for various dosing schedules. It can be seen that the conventional IAS therapy is a way of imposing high cost for dosing while keeping the prostate cancer in a safe state. We would like to dedicate this paper to the memory of Professor Luigi M. Ricciardi. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Melting hadrons, boiling quarks from Hagedorn temperature to ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions at CERN : with a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This book shows how the study of multi-hadron production phenomena in the years after the founding of CERN culminated in Hagedorn's pioneering idea of limiting temperature, leading on to the discovery of the quark-gluon plasma - announced, in February 2000 at CERN. Following the foreword by Herwig Schopper -- the Director General (1981-1988) of CERN at the key historical juncture -- the first part is a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (1919-2003) and includes contributions by contemporary friends and colleagues, and those who were most touched by Hagedorn: Tamás Biró, Igor Dremin, Torleif Ericson, Marek Gázdzicki, Mark Gorenstein, Hans Gutbrod, Maurice Jacob, István Montvay, Berndt Müller, Grazyna Odyniec, Emanuele Quercigh, Krzysztof Redlich, Helmut Satz, Luigi Sertorio, Ludwik Turko, and Gabriele Veneziano. The second and third parts retrace 20 years of developments that after discovery of the Hagedorn temperature in 1964 led to its recognition as the melting point of hadrons into boiling quarks, and t...

  9. La mostra “Pietro Porcinai (1910-1986. Il lavoro di un paesaggista italiano nelle immagini e nei disegni dell’archivio fiesolano”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tessa Matteini

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available La Mostra, inaugurata all’Istituto Italiano di Cultura a Colonia il 3 marzo 20041 e riproposta, nella stessa città, nel settembre successivo alla Kölnmesse, colma una lacuna importante per la conoscenza della figura e delle opere di uno dei maggiori paesaggisti del Novecento. La vicenda umana e professionale di Pietro Porcinai viene presentata per la prima volta al di fuori dei confini nazionali, attraverso i documenti e le immagini fotografiche conservati nell’Archivio di Villa Rondinelli a Fiesole, atelier del paesaggista, laboratorio culturale e centro operativo per lo studio e la creazione di giardini e paesaggi. L’esposizione, curata da Luigi Latini2 con la collaborazione di Tessa Matteini e Marco Cei, è suddivisa in tre parti. La prima si occupa di delineare la figura di Pietro Porcinai, analizzando la sua formazione ed il contesto culturale in cui si è mosso, tra tradizione e modernità; la seconda indaga sullo sviluppo della complessa macchina professionale che gli ha consentito l’invenzione di alcuni tra i più straordinari paesaggi italiani del dopoguerra; la terza infine é dedicata allo studio di cinque progetti esemplari, diversi per ubicazione, tematiche, cronologia, disegno e materia, ma uniti dall’intima ed etica coerenza che pervade tutto il lavoro di Porcinai. 

  10. The frog's dancing master: science, séances, and the transmission of myths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccolino, Marco; Wade, Nicholas J

    2013-01-01

    Myths are not uncommon in the history of neuroscience and their tenacity even when faced with suitable correctives is impressive. The possible origins and transmission of one such myth is examined: the oft repeated quotation, attributed to Luigi Galvani, that he was the "frog's dancing master." The statement does not occur in Galvani's writing and appears to have accrued features in the early nineteenth century, largely from French writers. In the 1870s, the quotation was used by William Crookes, the discoverer of thallium and inventor of Crookes' tube, in implicit support of his investigations into spiritualist phenomena. Crookes arranged séances with the psychic Daniel Dunglas Home and, being unable to explain them, introduced the concept of psychic force. A related myth concerns Galvani's accidental discovery of the neuromuscular action of electricity in the course of preparing a beneficial broth for his ailing wife. The two myths became entwined in the tangled web woven by commentators of Galvani's work. The myth-information is magnified by the World Wide Web.

  11. Pier Diego Siccardi (1880-1917) and the "Clinica del Lavoro" in the trench warfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, Michele Augusto; Caramella, Michela; Turato, Massimo; Cesana, Giancarlo

    2017-12-14

    The year 2017 marks the centenary of the death of the Italian scientist Pier Diego Siccardi (1880-1917), one of Luigi Devoto's assistants at the "Clinica del Lavoro" in Milan. To commemorate Siccardi and to describe the activities of the physicians of the "Clinica del Lavoro" during World War I. A comprehensive analysis was conducted on scientific papers written by Pier Diego Siccardi and by other physicians belonging to the Clinica del Lavoro, in the period 1915-1918. During the Great War, the Clinica del Lavoro became a military hospital, even though it indirectly maintained a role in Occupational Health, assisting women who had started to work to replace the men sent to the front. Devoto and his assistants were drafted as Army doctors, but continued their research activities while at the front; focusing on the diseases that affected the soldiers, mainly infections. Bleeding fevers and jaundice were endemic among Italian troops, but their etiology was unknown. Pier Diego Siccardi identified this syndrome as an infection caused by a spirochete, and was the first one to isolate the infectious agent. Siccardi prematurely died of the same disease as a consequence of a laboratory accident, which provided further confirmation for his research. The heroic life of Siccardi and his tragic death testify the important activities of the scientists of the "Clinica del Lavoro" in the years of the Great War.

  12. Melatonin Anticancer Effects: Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Di Bella

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine, MLT, the main hormone produced by the pineal gland, not only regulates circadian rhythm, but also has antioxidant, anti-ageing and immunomodulatory properties. MLT plays an important role in blood composition, medullary dynamics, platelet genesis, vessel endothelia, and in platelet aggregation, leukocyte formula regulation and hemoglobin synthesis. Its significant atoxic, apoptotic, oncostatic, angiogenetic, differentiating and antiproliferative properties against all solid and liquid tumors have also been documented. Thanks, in fact, to its considerable functional versatility, MLT can exert both direct and indirect anticancer effects in factorial synergy with other differentiating, antiproliferative, immunomodulating and trophic molecules that form part of the anticancer treatment formulated by Luigi Di Bella (Di Bella Method, DBM: somatostatin, retinoids, ascorbic acid, vitamin D3, prolactin inhibitors, chondroitin-sulfate. The interaction between MLT and the DBM molecules counters the multiple processes that characterize the neoplastic phenotype (induction, promotion, progression and/or dissemination, tumoral mutation. All these particular characteristics suggest the use of MLT in oncological diseases.

  13. Prevention of acute chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: the role of palonosetron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Bajetta

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Emilio Bajetta, Sara Pusceddu, Valentina Guadalupi, Monika Ducceschi, Luigi CelioMedical Oncology Unit 2, Fondazione IRCCS “Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori”, Milan, ItalyAbstract: Prevention of nausea and vomiting is the main goal of antiemetic treatment in cancer patients scheduled to receive chemotherapy. To prevent acute emesis, antiemetics should be administered just before chemotherapy and patients should be protected for up to 24 hours after chemotherapy initiation. The emetogenic potential of chemotherapeutic agents guides clinicians towards the most appropriate antiemetic prophylaxis. Current guidelines recommend the use of 5-HT3 receptor antagonist (RA either alone or in combination with dexamethasone and/or a neurokinin-1 RA both in the acute and delayed phases. The second-generation 5-HT3RA palonosetron exhibits a longer half-life and a higher binding affinity than older antagonists. Palonosetron has been approved by the FDA for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV in patients scheduled to receive either moderately (MEC or highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC and for the prevention of delayed CINV in patients receiving MEC. The present review will discuss the role of palonosetron in the prevention of acute CINV.Keywords: antiemetics, chemotherapy, nausea, vomiting, serotonin-receptor antagonists, palonosetron

  14. Italian Catholic Sports, from the end of the 2nd World War to the Olympics of 1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Mercedes Palandri

    2015-10-01

    This research has as a target the inquiry about the contribution of the organization of catholic sport to help the development of the national sport system. From the privileged relation given by the Pope Pacelli to the catholic sporting people, working out with his speeches a conception of «Christianly and healthily intense» sport, able to guide and direct them in facing this phenomenon in continuous expansion. To the introduction of Luigi Gedda’s character, the president of the ISC from 1944, the year of its foundation, until 1960, the year of the XVII Olympiad in Rome, who represents the union link between the ecclesiastical hierarchy, the ISC and the sport. To the activity of the ISC in the 50s, when a substantial development of its pledge and its activities has been seen in front of the sporting youth, made concrete through a higher number of federated ones. But specially to the working behavior developed before by this catholic organization facing the Olympic Games of Rome in 1960, with the preparation of the Olympic Journey designed by the INOC for spreading the Olympic spirit among population in all places of Italy and for requesting the development of a critical awareness in front of the Italians’ high motive illiteracy.

  15. Algunos problemas de interpretación en la teoría de precios de producción de Piero Sraffa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillén Romo Hector

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Aunque con el término "escuela neo-ricardiana" o "escuela de Cambridge" algunas veces se designa a las contribuciones de Joan Robinson, Nicholas Kaldor, Luigi Pasínetti y algunos otros á la teoría del crecimiento, en este ensayo nos referiremos casi exclusivamente a la teoría neo-ricardíana de los precios, tal y como ha sido elaborada por Piero Sraffa. Los fundamentos metodológicos de la escuela neo-ricardiana
    pueden ser encontrados en las obras de V. K. Dimitriev y L. Bortkiewicz, autores de finales del Siglo XIX e inicios del XX. La importancia de estos autores se ha visto particularmente incrementada en los últimos años, tras la publicación de la obra de Sraffa. La escuela neo-ricardiana puede ser analizada desde varios puntos de vista según que se consideren sus vínculos con la teoría marxista del valor o con la teoría neoclásica, ya sea en su versión vulgar (Jevons, Menger, Marshall o en su versión del equilibrio económico general (Arrow, Hahn, Malinvaud.

  16. Consensus paper on the "executive summary of the international conference on Mediterranean diet and health: a lifelong approach" an Italian initiative supported by the Mediterranean Diet Foundation and the Menarini Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boccardi, Virginia; Calvani, Riccardo; Limongi, Federica; Marseglia, Anna; Mason, Alexandra; Noale, Marianna; Rogoli, Domenico; Veronese, Nicola; Crepaldi, Gaetano; Maggi, Stefania

    The Mediterranean Diet Foundation, in collaboration with the International Menarini Foundation, organized the "International Conference on Mediterranean Diet and Health: A Lifelong Approach." The Conference was held in Ostuni (Puglia, Italy) from March 30 to April 1, 2017. The event received the endorsement of the American Federation for Aging Research, the Research Consortium "Luigi Amaducci," the European Nutrition for Health Alliance, the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, the Clinical Section of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics-European Region, the National Research Council Research Project on Aging, the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics, and the Italian Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. During the conference, results were presented from major studies on dietary interventions aiming to assess the efficacy of the Mediterranean diet in the prevention of chronic diseases and the potential underlying mechanisms. Twenty-six international speakers, in seven different sessions, discussed the biological basis, clinical impact, health policy, and behavioral implications of the Mediterranean diet, and its use in potential interventions for health promotion. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. A Google Trends-based approach for monitoring NSSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bragazzi NL

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Nicola Luigi Bragazzi DINOGMI, Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, Section of Psychiatry, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy Abstract: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI is an intentional, direct, and socially unacceptable behavior resulting in the destruction of one's own body tissues with no intention of dying or committing suicide, even though it is associated with a higher risk of attempted, planned, or just considered suicide. In this preliminary report, we introduce the concept of “NSSI 2.0”; that is to say, the study of the Internet usage by subjects with NSSI, and we introduce a Google Trends-based approach for monitoring NSSI, called NSSI infodemiology and infoveillance. Despite some limitations, Google Trends has already proven to be reliable for infectious diseases monitoring, and here we extend its application and potentiality in the field of suicidology. Ad hoc web portals and surveys could be designed in light of the reported results for helping people with NSSI. Keywords: infodemiology, infoveillance, Internet, non-suicidal self-injury

  18. TERRORISMO, TORTURA E DIREITOS HUMANOS: REFLEXÕES A PARTIR DE O PRISIONEIRO, ERICO VERÍSSIMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rosenfield

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es iniciar un debate interdisciplinar sobre derechos humanos a partir del análisis de la novela O Prisioneiro, del autor brasileño Erico Veríssimo (1905-1975. Esta investigación está orientada a la tradición de Derecho y Literatura, donde se reconoce la calidad empática de la literatura para repensar problemáticas típicas de la ciencia del derecho. Primeramente, fue realizado un estudio comparativo entre las ideas construidas por Günther Jakobs y Luigi Ferrajoli sobre terrorismo, tortura y derechos humanos. En segundo lugar, se examinaron las recientes leyes brasileñas y alemanas sobre seguridad aérea, así como sus implicaciones con la necesidad de protección de los derechos humanos. En síntesis, las cuestiones centrales presentadas se relacionan con las implicaciones entre el terrorismo y la tortura en un sistema democrático.

  19. Three Italian practitioners seeking a more popular audience for Shakespeare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Rose

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available My contribution, "Seeking a More Popular Audience for Shakespeare in Italy", starts by pinpointing the differences between Italy and the UK in the history of the staging of Shakespeare's plays and goes on to provide a brief account of the evolution of Shakespeare productions in Italy from the 1950s until the present. In the aftermath of World War Two, the so-called critical direction (regia critica introduced a very different approach to the staging of Shakespeare. Directors, such a Giorgio Strehler and Luigi Squarzina, by commissioning new Italian translations that were philologically close to the originals, put the complete plays onstage, often for the first time. In a long career at Milan's Piccolo Teatro, spanning from the late 1940s until his death in 1997, Strehler succeeded in attracting a more mixed audience for Shakespeare than ever before. In the new millennium, his aims have been taken further by more recent practitioners. The final part of the contribution focuses on three contemporary Italian directors, Marco Ghelardi, Riccardo Mallus and Massimo Navone, who seek to bring Shakespeare to more popular audiences. In a bid to energise the Bard's work, they deploy strategies, such as reducing and rewriting the play, interactive staging techniques and tend to choose site specific venues rather than regular theatres.

  20. Attenuation and Dispersion in Earth's Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gueguen, Y.

    2012-04-01

    One of the last challenges of Pr. Luigi Burlini has been to set up an experimental apparatus that would measure elastic wave attenuation under high pressure conditions. This project has since been developed by his colleagues and students at ETH. As a tribute to Luigi Burlini, this presentation aims at recalling why such measurements are important , how challenging such a project is, and what the main issues ahead are. Most of our knowledge about either crustal layers (seismic exploration) or deeper layers (seismology) results from data related to elastic wave propagation inside the Earth. The large amount of available data as well as the huge capability of computers are such that descriptions in terms of isotropic homogeneous layers appear to be very crude today. Anisotropic, heterogeneous models are reported at various scales. In addition, accounting for wave attenuation (the Q factor) is potentially of great interest. The Q factor is highly sensitive to processes that involve some departure from perfect elasticity. Its knowledge may provide information on possible fluid content, temperature, etc. This is because various processes may dissipate energy (and thus lower Q value) as a result of fluid flow, solid flow, etc., depending on the precise P-T conditions at depth. This points immediately to the theoretical challenge of Q investigations: there are many possible ways for a rock to not behave as a perfect elastic body. To model these various mechanisms and identify in which conditions they can take place is a first major challenge. The second challenge is on the experimental ground. What is looked for is to get low frequencies (f close to seismic frequencies) Q data on crustal (or mantle) rocks at high pressure P-high temperature T. Experiments in such highT-high P-low f conditions are extremely difficult to perform. Only in Canberra (I. Jackson) and now in Zurich such conditions have been achieved. Attenuation and dispersion (frequency dependence) of elastic

  1. Budget impact analysis of antiretroviral less drug regimen simplification in HIV-positive patients on the Italian National Health Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Restelli U

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Umberto Restelli,1,2 Massimo Andreoni,3 Andrea Antinori,4 Marzia Bonfanti,2 Giovanni Di Perri,5 Massimo Galli,6 Adriano Lazzarin,7 Giuliano Rizzardini,8,9 Davide Croce1,2 1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; 2Centro di Ricerca in Economia e Management in Sanità e nel Sociale (CREMS, Università Carlo Cattaneo – LIUC, Castellanza (VA, Italy; 3Clinical Infectious Diseases, Tor Vergata University (PTV, Rome, Italy; 4Clinical Department, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "L. Spallanzani," Rome, Italy; 5Department of Medical Sciences, Infectious Diseases, Amedeo di Savoia Hospital, Turin, Italy; 6Third Division of Infectious Diseases, "Luigi Sacco" Hospital, Milan, Italy; 7Department of Infectious Diseases, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; 8First and Second Divisions of Infectious Diseases, "Luigi Sacco" Hospital, Milan, Italy; 9School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Background: Deintensification and less drug regimen (LDR antiretroviral therapy (ART strategies have proved to be effective in terms of maintaining viral suppression in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-positive patients, increasing tolerability, and reducing toxicity of antiretroviral drugs administered to patients. However, the economic impact of these strategies have not been widely investigated. The aim of the study is to evaluate the economic impact that ART LDR could have on the Italian National Health Service (INHS budget. Methods: A budget impact model was structured to assess the potential savings for the INHS by the use of ART LDR for HIV-positive patients with a 3 year perspective. Data concerning ART cost, patient distribution within different ARTs, and probabilities for patients to change ART on a yearly basis were collected within four Italian infectious diseases departments, providing

  2. O embasamento dos direitos humanos e sua relação com os direitos fundamentais a partir do diálogo garantista com a teoria da reinvenção dos direitos humanos The basis of human rights and its relation to fundamental rights from the dialogue of garantista theory with reinvention theory of human rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Henrique Urquhart Cademartori

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objeto a reflexão sobre o fundamento dos direitos humanos e sua indissociável relação com os direitos fundamentais, no âmbito do estado de direito contemporâneo. Para tanto, procuraremos estabelecer possíveis convergências teóricas entre Joaquín Herrera Flores e Luigi Ferrajoli. A análise dos direitos fundamentais, a partir da teoria garantista, e dos direitos humanos, com base da teoria crítica da reinvenção, é tanto um desafio teórico quanto prático do século 21. Isto, em virtude da necessidade da investigação de seus fundamentos teóricos e possibilidades de efetivação na dialética da práxis da vida em sociedade, para que as conquistas históricas de direitos não sejam reduzidas à mera retórica hegemônico-conservadora de uma ordem global fundada na desigualdade e exploração. Percebe-se, então, que o constitucionalismo e os direitos não importam em conquistas, mas em programas normativos a serem buscados diariamente, tal como a democracia e a paz. Nesse sentido, situa-se a importância do estudo dos direitos, estejam eles em normativas nacionais ou internacionais, bem como situá-lo sem sua transitoriedade e constante construção, em suma, em sua historicidade, para serem efetivamente garantidos.The object of this essay is the reflection about the foundation of the human rights and their inseparable relation with the fundamental rights, in the contemporary state of right sphere. For both, it seeks to establish possible theoretical convergences between Joaquín Herrera Flores and Luigi Ferrajoli. The fundamental rights analysis, from the warranty theory; and the human rights analysis, based on the critical theory of reinvention, are both a theoretical, as much as a practical 21st century challenge. This is due to the need of researching their theoretical foundation and possibilities of implementation in the praxis' dialectic in life in society, so that the historical achievements of rights

  3. Visual–spatial training efficacy in children affected by migraine without aura: a multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Precenzano F

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Francesco Precenzano,1,* Maria Ruberto,2,* Lucia Parisi,3 Margherita Salerno,4 Agata Maltese,3 Beatrice Gallai,5 Rosa Marotta,6 Serena Marianna Lavano,7 Francesco Lavano,6 Michele Roccella3 1Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Headache Center for Children and Adolescent. Department of Mental and Physical Health and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, 2Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, 3Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, 4Sciences for Mother and Child Health Promotion, University of Palermo, Palermo, 5Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, 6Department of Medical and Surgery Sciences, 7Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Routinely in the clinical practice, children affected by migraine without aura (MwA tend to exhibit severe and persistent difficulties within cognitive processes such as attention, memory, and visual–motor integration (VMI skills. The aim of this study was to assess the visual–spatial and visual–motor abilities among a sample of children with MwA and the effects of a specific computerized training. The study population was composed of 84 patients affected by MwA (39 girls and 45 boys; mean age: 8.91±2.46 years, and they were randomly divided into two groups (group A and group B comparable for age (P=0.581, gender (P=0.826, socioeconomic status (SES, migraine frequency (P=0.415, and intensity (P=0.323. At baseline (T0, the two groups were comparable for movement assessment battery for children (M-ABC and VMI performances. After 6 months of treatment (T1, group A showed lower scores in the dexterity item of M-ABC test (P<0.001 and higher scores in M-ABC global performance centile (P<0.001 and total (P<0.001, visual

  4. Heritage of convenience: protection of the 20th century in Pescara - myth and reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Varagnoli

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Pescara was born from the merger of two small existing towns, in 1926. The new town thus feels like a place with no past, no history; something that is far from the truth. This notion has endorsed the ongoing demolition and replacement, even in recent times. An initial survey of the architectural heritage carried out by L. Bartolini Salimbeni, in 1994, highlighted considerable architectural heritage, that should have been defended by a variant of the urban master plan approved in 2007. However, recent demolitions of buildings of a certain importance (the Porta Nuova Station, the former Centrale del Latte, a textile mill from the early twentieth century proceed amid protests from citizens and associations. The Town Hall tried to remedy the situation, entrusting revision of the current urban master plan to a group of experts, who extended the work of Bartolini Salimbeni. However, the Administrative Court rejected these and other attempts of protection, disputing the application of restrictive rules on the part of the Town Hall: only the Superintendence, the local office of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage, in fact, may apply such restrictions. The essay highlights the need to improve alternative means of protection instead of traditional ways. However, it also points out that, in Italy, the economic and financial aspects of “heritage” still prevail. New dangers threaten other important buildings, such as the Adriatic Stadium, designed by Luigi Piccinato (1952-56. The issue not only concerns the preservation of monuments, but also the quality of life of the inhabitants. The risk is that our towns will be reduced to mere merchandise. Keywords: Pescara, Conservation, Nineteenth century, Demolitions, Heritage

  5. Staff members with 25 years’ service at CERN in 2008

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The 47 staff members who have spent 25 years within CERN in 2008 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 24 October. Mr.\tAllen\tDavid John\tAB Dr.\tBailey\tRoger\tAB Mr.\tBlas\tAlfred\tAB Mr.\tBobbio\tPiero\tAB Dr.\tBona\tMaurizio\tSC Mr.\tBrachet\tJean-Pierre\tTS Dr.\tBurckhart\tHelfried\tPH Miss\tButtay\tCatherine\tFI Mr.\tCatherall\tRichard\tAB Mr.\tCoin\tAndré-Yvon\tTS Dr.\tCornelis\tKarel\tAB Dr.\tDavenport\tMartyn\tPH Mr.\tDehavay\tClaude\tAB Mr.\tDenblyden\tJean-Loup\tPH Mr.\tDenis\tBernard\tDSU Mr.\tDuret\tMax\tAT Mr.\tEvans\tJohn\tIT Mrs.\tFavrot\tVéronique\tIT Mr.\tFowler\tAntony\tAB Mrs.\tGalmant\tCatherine\tAB Mr.\tGuillaume\tJean-Claude\tTS Mrs.\tJerdelet\tJocelyne\tDSU Dr.\tKostro\tKrzysztof\tAB Mr.\tKuczerowski\tJoseph\tAB Mr.\tLappe\tJean-Pierre\tTS Mrs.\tLaverrière\tCatherine\tSC Mr.\tLeggiero\tLuigi\tTS Mr.\tManglunki\tDjango\tAB Mr.\tMartens\tReinoud\tIT Mr.\tMartinez\tGeorges\tSC Mr.\tMonchalin\tPhilippe\tSC Mr.\tMoret\tPhilippe\tDSU Mr.\tOlesen\tGert\tPH Mr.\tPasinelli\tSergi...

  6. Pathogenesis of age-related bone loss in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khosla, Sundeep

    2013-10-01

    Although data from rodent systems are extremely useful in providing insights into possible mechanisms of age-related bone loss, concepts evolving from animal models need to ultimately be tested in humans. This review provides an update on mechanisms of age-related bone loss in humans based on the author's knowledge of the field and focused literature reviews. Novel imaging, experimental models, biomarkers, and analytic techniques applied directly to human studies are providing new insights into the patterns of bone mass acquisition and loss as well as the role of sex steroids, in particular estrogen, on bone metabolism and bone loss with aging in women and men. These studies have identified the onset of trabecular bone loss at multiple sites that begins in young adulthood and remains unexplained, at least based on current paradigms of the mechanisms of bone loss. In addition, estrogen appears to be a major regulator of bone metabolism not only in women but also in men. Studies assessing mechanisms of estrogen action on bone in humans have identified effects of estrogen on RANKL expression by several different cell types in the bone microenvironment, a role for TNF-α and IL-1β in mediating effects of estrogen deficiency on bone, and possible regulation of the Wnt inhibitor, sclerostin, by estrogen. There have been considerable advances in our understanding of age-related bone loss in humans. However, there are also significant gaps in knowledge, particularly in defining cell autonomous changes in bone in human studies to test or validate concepts emerging from studies in rodents. Decision Editor: Luigi Ferrucci, MD, PhD.

  7. Connective tissue diseases and noninvasive evaluation of atherosclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardita G

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Giorgio Ardita, Giacomo Failla, Paolo Maria Finocchiaro, Francesco Mugno, Luigi Attanasio, Salvatore Timineri, Michelangelo Maria Di SalvoCardiovascular Department, Angiology Unit, Ferrarotto Hospital, Catania, ItalyAbstract: Connective tissue diseases (CTDs are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease due to accelerated atherosclerosis. In patients with autoimmune disorders, in addition to traditional risk factors, an immune-mediated inflammatory process of the vasculature seems to contribute to atherogenesis. Several pathogenetic mechanisms have been proposed, including chronic inflammation and immunologic abnormalities, both able to produce vascular damage. Macrovascular atherosclerosis can be noninvasively evaluated by ultrasound measurement of carotid or femoral plaque. Subclinical atherosclerosis can be evaluated by well-established noninvasive techniques which rely on ultrasound detection of carotid intima-media thickness. Flow-mediated vasodilatation and arterial stiffness are considered markers of endothelial dysfunction and subclinical atherosclerosis, respectively, and have been recently found to be impaired early in a wide spectrum of autoimmune diseases. Carotid intima-media thickness turns out to be a leading marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, and many studies recognize its role as a predictor of future vascular events, both in non-CTD individuals and in CTD patients. In rheumatic diseases, flow-mediated dilatation and arterial stiffness prove to be strongly correlated with inflammation, disease damage index, and with subclinical atherosclerosis, although their prognostic role has not yet been conclusively shown. Systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and likely antiphospholipid syndrome are better associated with premature and accelerated atherosclerosis. Inconclusive results were reported in systemic sclerosis.Keywords: rheumatic disease, subclinical atherosclerosis, arterial stiffness

  8. Quarto Duplo (Chambre Double

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Agnes Magalhães

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A composição na minha trajetória representa uma síntese de experiências diversas. Foi juntando extremidades opostas, a teoria musical e a pesquisa de um lado, a improvisação como pianista do outro, que a vontade de reunir reflexão e prática encontrou na composição a sua forma de expressão. Minha formação se deu inicialmente em um curso de inverno no Festival de Londrina com Hans J. Koellreutter em 1994. Em seguida, tive uma longa passagem pela universidade (bacharelado em composição na Unicamp, mestrado na mesma universidade. A pesquisa de doutorado sobre Luigi Nono (USP me ajudou a entrar em contato com a forma de abordagem intuitiva e baseada no som do compositor italiano, que também seria tão importante no meu trabalho. Sobre meus professores, numerosos diálogos me foram necessários - toda uma constelação de eventos para uma única págica de música bem-sucedida. Entre esses encontros, que tiveram um papel pedagógico fundamental - muito embora alguns deles tenham sido breves em forma de workshop ou conversa, estão as aulas de J. A. Mannis, Almeida Prado, Livio Tragtenberg, Fernando Iazzetta, Silvio Ferraz, Salvatore Sciarrino, Chaya Czernowin, Pierluigi Billone, Franck Bedrossian, Tristan Murail, Stefano Gervasoni, Michael Jarrell e Philippe Manoury. Minha experiência com o grupo de improvisação Abaetetuba, e em duo com Celio Barros e Florentin Ginot, constituiu meu grande laboratório prático, desenvolvendo escuta e resposta em forma de sons, que considero como uma importante etapa de gestação do meu projeto artístico.

  9. La representación popular y los desafíos del sistema electoral salvadoreño, 25 años después de la firma de los Acuerdos de Paz, un extracto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Ulloa Garay

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Un cuarto de siglo después de la firma de los Acuerdos de Paz, El Salvador enfrenta una serie de desafíos democráticos que demandan reformas a su sistema político y electoral. Para comprender la urgencia de dichas reformas, se requiere un análisis prospectivo que proyecte ese nuevo sistema; pero que, a su vez, integre la visión retrospectiva donde se explican los hechos del pasado que dieron origen al conflicto armado. El sistema electoral fue uno de los 7 puntos de la Agenda de Caracas que guio la negociación hasta el acuerdo final de paz. Su desarrollo más pragmático que doctrinario, comprendió las reformas a la Constitución en 1991, cuando se creó la actual autoridad electoral, mediante un Tribunal Supremo Electoral, que sustituyó al viejo Consejo Central de Elecciones y un Código Electoral, que estableció rudimentarias reglas con las cuales se administraron cuatro elecciones presidenciales y seis elecciones legislativas y municipales. En este artículo se plantea la preocupación por la calidad de la representación popular y los mecanismos para su obtención, finalizando con recomendaciones para garantizar legítimamente su ejercicio. Estas propuestas, por venir del jurista italiano Luigi Ferrajoli, adquieren un valor universal y una aplicación a cualquier modelo de democracia liberal.

  10. Narrative medicine to improve the management and quality of life of patients with COPD: the first experience applying parallel chart in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banfi P

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Paolo Banfi,1 Antonietta Cappuccio,2 Maura E Latella,3 Luigi Reale,2 Elisa Muscianisi,3 Maria Giulia Marini2 1Pneumological Rehabilitation, IRCCS Fondazione Don Gnocchi Onlus, Milan, Italy; 2Healthcare Area, Fondazione ISTUD, Milan, Italy; 3Medical Department, Novartis Farma Spa, Origgio, Italy Purpose: Poor adherence to therapy and the failure of current smoking cessation programs demonstrate that the current management of COPD can be improved, and it is necessary to educate physicians about new approaches for taking care of patients. Parallel chart is a narrative medicine tool that improves the doctor–patient relationship by asking physicians to write about their patients’ lives, thereby encouraging reflective thoughts on care. Patients and methods: Between October 2015 and March 2016, 50 Italian pulmonologists were involved in the collection of parallel charts of anonymous patients with COPD. The narratives were analyzed according to the Grounded Theory methodology. Results: In the 243 parallel charts collected, the patients (mean age 69 years, 68% men are described as still active and as a resource for their families (71%. The doctor–patient relationship started as difficult in 50% of cases, and younger age and smoking were the main risk factors. The conversations turned positive in 78% of narratives, displaying deeper mutual knowledge, trust for the clinicians’ ability to establish effective therapy (92%, support efforts to quit smoking (63%, or restore patients’ activities (78%.Conclusion: All the physicians concurred that the adoption of innovative parallel charts was useful for improving clinical care and worthy of official inclusion in protocols for the management of COPD. Keywords: narrative medicine, COPD, doctor–patient relationship, quality of life

  11. Exogenous reinfection of tuberculosis in a low-burden area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiroli, Consuelo; Carugati, Manuela; Zanini, Fabio; Bandera, Alessandra; Di Nardo Stuppino, Silvia; Monge, Elisa; Morosi, Manuela; Gori, Andrea; Matteelli, Alberto; Codecasa, Luigi; Franzetti, Fabio

    2015-12-01

    Recurrence of tuberculosis (TB) can be the consequence of relapse or exogenous reinfection. The study aimed to assess the factors associated with exogenous TB reinfection. Prospective cohort study based on the TB database, maintained at the Division of Infectious Diseases, Luigi Sacco Hospital (Milan, Italy). Time period: 1995-2010. (1) ≥2 episodes of culture-confirmed TB; (2) cure of the first episode of TB; (3) availability of one Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolate for each episode. Genotyping of the M. tuberculosis strains to differentiate relapse and exogenous reinfection. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the influence of risk factors on exogenous reinfections. Of the 4682 patients with TB, 83 were included. Of these, exogenous reinfection was diagnosed in 19 (23 %). It was independently associated with absence of multidrug resistance at the first episode [0, 10 (0.01-0.95), p = 0.045] and with prolonged interval between the first TB episode and its recurrence [7.38 (1.92-28.32) p = 0.004]. However, TB relapses occurred until 4 years after the first episode. The risk associated with being foreign born, extrapulmonary site of TB, and HIV infection was not statistically significant. In the relapse and re-infection cohort, one-third of the patients showed a worsened drug resistance profile during the recurrent TB episode. Exogenous TB reinfections have been documented in low endemic areas, such as Italy. A causal association with HIV infection could not be confirmed. Relapses and exogenous reinfections shared an augmented risk of multidrug resistance development, frequently requiring the use of second-line anti-TB regimens.

  12. Molecular pharmacodynamics of new oral drugs used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    di Nuzzo L

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Luigi di Nuzzo,1 Rosamaria Orlando,2 Carla Nasca,1 Ferdinando Nicoletti1,31Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Sapienza University of Rome, 2IRCCS Associazione Oasi Maria S.S., Institute for Research on Mental Retardation and Brain Aging, Troina, Enna, 3IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, ItalyAbstract: New oral drugs have considerably enriched the therapeutic armamentarium for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. This review focuses on the molecular pharmacodynamics of fingolimod, dimethyl fumarate (BG-12, laquinimod, and teriflunomide. We specifically comment on the action of these drugs at three levels: 1 the regulation of the immune system; 2 the permeability of the blood–brain barrier; and 3 the central nervous system. Fingolimod phosphate (the active metabolite of fingolimod has a unique mechanism of action and represents the first ligand of G-protein-coupled receptors (sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors active in the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Dimethyl fumarate activates the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2-related factor 2 pathway of cell defense as a result of an initial depletion of reduced glutathione. We discuss how this mechanism lies on the border between cell protection and toxicity. Laquinimod has multiple (but less defined mechanisms of action, which make the drug slightly more effective on disability progression than on annualized relapse rate in clinical studies. Teriflunomide acts as a specific inhibitor of the de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis. We also discuss new unexpected mechanisms of these drugs, such as the induction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor by fingolimod and the possibility that laquinimod and teriflunomide regulate the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism.Keywords: demyelinating diseases, pharmacotherapy, fingolimod, dimethyl fumarate, laquinimod, teriflunomide

  13. Carlo Moreschi (1876-1921): co-founder of the journal "La Medicina del Lavoro" and often forgotten pioneer of modern medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, M A; Smith, D R; Cesana, G

    2011-01-01

    Carlo Moreschi (1876-1921) was founding co-editor of the journal "Il Lavoro" (now known as "La Medicina del Lavoro"), together with Luigi Devoto in 1901. Despite this fact, many of his pioneering contributions to 20th century scientific debate are not well known outside Italy. The aim of this paper therefore was to recall Moreschi' achievements and the groundbreaking work of this remarkable Italian physician. A comprehensive analysis was conducted on scientific papers written by Carlo Moreschi between 1901 and 1920, extending the investigation to his original manuscripts and private correspondence with family and colleagues. Careful examination of Moreschi's work reveals several studies in the field of social medicine, epidemiology of infectious diseases, general pathology and oncology. In particular, his main interest in haematology and immunology enabled Moreschi to be one of the first to understand the mechanisms of complement fixation and the formation pathways ofantiglobulin sera. In this manner, Moreschi significantly contributed to the work of Wassermann regarding the diagnosis of syphilis, as well as contributing to the discovery of the "antiglobulin test", first described by Coombs in 1945. Furthermore, Moreschi co-founded "Il Lavoro" and "Haematologica", the oldest journals in their respective fields. According to Devoto, Moreschi can be remembered as the archetype modern researcher and clinician. His role in the 20th century scientific debate and his pioneering work in the field of immunology and haematology, that are often forgotten due to his premature death, deserve to be reconsidered and re-assessed by the Italian and international scientific community.

  14. Update on the management of severe hypertriglyceridemia – focus on free fatty acid forms of omega-3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirillo A

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Angela Pirillo,1,2 Alberico Luigi Catapano2,3 1Center for the Study of Atherosclerosis, Bassini Hospital, Cinisello Balsamo, Italy; 2IRCCS Multimedica, Milan, Italy; 3Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy Abstract: High levels of plasma triglycerides (TG are a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, often associated with anomalies in other lipids or lipoproteins. Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG, particularly at very high levels, significantly increases also the risk of acute pancreatitis. Thus, interventions to lower TG levels are required to reduce the risk of pancreatitis and cardiovascular disease. Several strategies may be adopted for TG reduction, including lifestyle changes and pharmacological interventions. Among the available drugs, the most commonly used for HTG are fibrates, nicotinic acid, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (usually a mixture of eicosapentaenoic acid, or EPA, and docosahexaenoic acid, or DHA. These last are available under different concentrated formulations containing high amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, including a mixture of EPA and DHA or pure EPA. The most recent formulation contains a free fatty acid (FFA form of EPA and DHA, and exhibits a significantly higher bioavailability compared with the ethyl ester forms contained in the other formulations. This is due to the fact that the ethyl ester forms, to be absorbed, need to be hydrolyzed by the pancreatic enzymes that are secreted in response to fat intake, while the FFA do not. This higher bioavailability translates into a higher TG-lowering efficacy compared with the ethyl ester forms at equivalent doses. Omega-3 FFA are effective in reducing TG levels and other lipids in hypertriglyceridemic patients as well as in high cardiovascular risk patients treated with statins and residual HTG. Currently, omega-3 FFA formulation is under evaluation to establish whether, in high cardiovascular risk

  15. Mind the gap between high school and university! A field qualitative survey at the National University of Caaguazú (Paraguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siri A

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Anna Siri,1,2  Nicola Luigi Bragazzi,1–3 Hicham Khabbache,4 María Maddalena Spandonari,5 Luis Alberto Cáceres,5 1Department of Mathematics (DIMA, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; 2UNESCO CHAIR “Anthropology of Health – Biosphere and Healing System”, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; 3Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; 4Faculty of Literature and Humanistic Studies, Sais, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco; 5Administrative Direction, Universidad Nacional de Caaguazú, Coronel Oviedo, Paraguay Abstract: Paraguay has eight public universities and 45 private universities. The National University of Caaguazú (Universidad Nacional de Caaguazú or UNCA, with its main campus located in Coronel Oviedo, is one of the most recently founded public universities, being established in 2007. The UNCA has launched a project aiming at exploring the potentiality of its educational system, as well as its gaps. In particular, the UNCA wants to assess the effectiveness of preparatory courses for preparing students for admission to the degree course in medicine (Cursos Probatorios de Ingreso or CPI, in order to identify the main strong and weak points of the system, the popularity and usefulness of CPI as perceived by the students, the students’ and teachers’ opinions regarding the limits of school, and their suggestions. This paper is based on a field survey and highlights the care that must be taken in order to develop conditions respectful of the wellbeing of those participating in the educational context. Keywords: university students, school-university transition, social inclusion, drop-out, preparatory courses

  16. Ethnopsychiatry fosters creativity and the adoption of critical and reflexive thinking in higher education students: insights from a qualitative analysis of a preliminary pilot experience at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Genoa, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siri A

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Anna Siri,1 Giovanni Del Puente,2 Mariano Martini,3 Nicola Luigi Bragazzi1–3 1Department of Mathematics (DIMA, 2Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation (DINOGMI, 3Section of History of Medicine and Ethics, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy Abstract: Creativity is an ability that plays a major role in the modern economy and society. It should represent an important component of the medical syllabus. However, it is often overlooked by the formal courses at universities. The current study aimed at evaluating whether the interactive educational models, recently adopted by the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, at the University of Genoa, Italy, would favor the adoption of critical thinking, attitudes to changes, cultural diversity acceptance, and the adoption of relational soft skills versus traditional and frontal didactic teaching. Thirty students, who attended the last year of health care professional course at the Faculty of Medicine, volunteered to take part in the study and were randomly allocated to two groups: one group receiving an innovative, interactive excellence course and the other group receiving a more traditional approach. Ethnopsychiatry was chosen as the topic since it was hypothesized that it would have contributed to generation of a new approach toward diseases and patients. The first group of students, exposed to interactive lectures with the aim of promoting the adoption of critical thinking, were more satisfied than the second group. Participants who were involved in an active manner and had to work in small groups, actively finding their own solutions to solve the problems, perceived the utilized teaching method and experience more stimulating, involving, and effective. Implications for education policy makers are also envisaged. Keywords: creative thinking, clinical case/example, medical education, medical syllabus, medical teaching 

  17. When gender matters: new insights into the relationships between social systems and the genetic structure of human populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Destro Bisol, Giovanni; Capocasa, Marco; Anagnostou, Paolo

    2012-10-01

    Due to its important effects on the ecological dynamics and the genetic structure of species, biologists have long been interested in gender-biased dispersal, a condition where one gender is more prone to move from the natal site. More recently, this topic has attracted a great attention from human evolutionary geneticists. Considering the close relations between residential rules and social structure, gender-biased dispersal is, in fact, regarded as an important case study concerning the effects of socio-cultural factors on human genetic variation. It all started with the seminal paper by Mark Seielstad, Erich Minch and Luigi Luca Cavalli Sforza from Stanford University (Seielstad et al. 1998). They observed a larger differentiation for Y-chromosome than mitochondrial DNA between extant human populations, purportedly a consequence of the prevalence of long-term patrilocality in human societies. Subsequent studies, however, have highlighted the need to consider geographically close and culturally homogeneous groups, disentangle signals due to different peopling events and obtain unbiased estimates of genetic diversity. In this issue of Molecular Ecology, not only do Marks et al. (2012) adopt an experimental design which addresses these concerns, but they also take a further and important step forward by integrating the genetic analysis of two distant populations, the Basotho and Spanish, with data regarding migration rates and matrimonial distances. Using both empirical evidence and simulations, the authors show that female-biased migration due to patrilocality might shape the genetic structure of human populations only at short ranges and under substantial differences in migration rates between genders. Providing a quantitative framework for future studies of the effects of residential rules on the human genome, this study paves the way for further developments in the field. On a wider perspective, Marks et al.'s work demonstrates the power of approaches which

  18. EduGeoPark: international students exchanges for promoting Earth Science knowledge and Geoheritage awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giardino, Marco; Magagna, Alessandra; Dellarole, Edoardo; Kiuttu, Mikko

    2015-04-01

    Geoparks are the ideal destination for international study tours based on the sustainable tourism concept, in which the travel is conceived as an opportunity for sharing both scientific knowledge and intangible and tangible culture. Equally, they are the appropriate places for testing and practicing innovative educational strategies, shareable in an international context. The innovative idea of EduGeoPark project is to involve students and teachers in research activities in Geoparks, including sampling and digital mapping: practical field and laboratory activities for stimulating the geological interpretation of an unknown territory. An approach devoted to improve teamwork and problem solving competences. By means of a partnerships between the Rokua (Finland) and the Sesia-Val Grande (Italy) Geoparks, an exchange program for Secondary School's students started during 2014 (Vaala High School; I.I.S. Luigi Cobianchi High School in Verbania). The study and the visit of both territories was an opportunity for students to observe some relevant geological elements and processes that do not exist in their own country. Moreover, the hosting in families allowed them to feel the culture of the area. Teachers and staff of the Geoparks led field trips to the main geological and cultural attractions of both areas. During the activities, students used mobile devices (smartphone and tablet) and GPS to track field trips, to catch and gather georeferenced data and pictures. They acted as researchers, by using both digital and traditional tools: they observed, asked questions, gathered data, and made hypothesis. By sharing ideas, together with the local guides, they reconstructed the cultural and geological history of the area. Students appreciated the experience: not only they had the opportunity of visiting a different country, but also of deepening the geological awareness on their own territory. EduGeoPark project is opening the participation to other Geoparks, in order to

  19. A Grand Tour de um brasileiro: a importância da Itália nas ideias de Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Squeff

    Full Text Available Resumo Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre (1806-1879 foi um dos mais importantes pensadores do século XIX no Brasil. Este artigo trata da importância que a viagem para a Itália teve na trajetória deste pensador. Os contatos com os clássicos e com o universo das viagens pitorescas marcaram a sua produção como artista. Nos poucos desenhos daquele período que chegaram até nós, percebe-se o gosto pelo pitoresco de um artista sintonizado com a cultura do Grand Tour e com a sensibilidade romântica. Além disso, o aprendizado na Itália familiarizou o brasileiro com valores e métodos em discussão nos meios antiquários e eruditos da época. Graças a isso, Porto-Alegre faria alguns anos depois uma interpretação da história da arte no Brasil inspirada na leitura de autores como Johann J. Winckelmann e Luigi Lanzi. Finalmente, o artigo defende que a passagem pela Itália funcionou, para Porto-Alegre, como uma espécie de atestado simbólico, garantindo- lhe lugar entre os eruditos franceses do Instituto Histórico de Paris, bem como entre os estudiosos do Instituto Histórico Brasileiro. Se fora para a Europa como aspirante a pintor, Porto-Alegre voltou da Itália como um erudito.

  20. Professional Prestige As My Physiotherapy Students Perceive It

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrrik Prendushi

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate profession perceived prestige of physiotherapy students compared to 11 selected professionsoccupations. The selected professions are Physiotherapist Doctor GP Nurse Architect Secondary school teacher General economist Accountant Policeman Lawyer Chef cook Mechanic car mechanic. The study was made by an anonymous questionnaire distributed to 25 out of 34 the total number of course students students of physiotherapy course at the University of Shkodra Luigi Gurakuqi in Albania. The students gave their evaluations in a 6-point Likert. Analysis of the data is done in Excel. The limited number of participating students did not allow us to use elements of the statistical analysis other than the average and the percentage. In the questionnaire are treated five dimensions associated with the prestige of the profession as indicated in previous studies. The analyzed dimensions are level of education level of income level of responsibility level of social standing and the level of usefulness. The physiotherapist profession was ranked first concerning the levels of education with equal points to that of doctor and the usefulness dimensions and in second place regarding the levels of responsibility and social standing. The students gave the lower estimation for their profession for the level of income which is placed fourth. Students in general have created a grouping of the three medicine professions resulting in highest scores. In the overall ranking the physiotherapist profession ranks in second place after the doctor and followed by the nurse. The same ranking of professionsoccupations is valid for both genders for the top three professions.

  1. Dispute resolution by Courts and Dispute resolution in court. Partners or rivals?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin Hero

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This session of the workshop was dedicated to alternative dispute resolutions (ADR, which consists of dispute resolution processes and techniques through which disagreeing parties come to an agreement without having to litigate. Despite historic resistance, over the years ADR has gained widespread acceptance among both the general public and the legal profession. In the discussion there was a specific emphasis on mediation and arbitration. Kathrin Nitschmann, a lawyer and mediator from Saarbruecken, Germany, talked about “Professionalisation in mediation”. In addition to participation aspects she determined both the risks and the perspectives of professionalization in mediation. Luigi Cominelli, Assistant Professor of Sociology of Law at the University of Milan, Italy, reported on “Regulating Mediation in the EU”. He described the history of regulating mediation in the EU as well as domestic regulations since the beginning of modern mediation movement in the western world since the 1970s. Claude Witz, a French civil law professor at the University of Saarland, Germany, referred to “His experience in arbitration.” After highlighting some aspects of his experience, he pointed out the importance of arbitration in international commercial disputes. Alec Stone Sweet, Leitner Professor of Law, Politics, and International Studies, Yale Law School, United States, was reporting on “Arbitration and judicialization.” Initially, he presented arbitration as a triadic dispute resolution and then focused on judizialization in arbitration. Sir David Edward, former Judge of the Court of Justice of the European Communities and Professor Emeritus of the School of Law of the University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom, spoke about “The view of an arbitrator.” While elaborating on multiple reasons for ADR, he honed focus on mediation and arbitration. Finally Heike Jung, Professor Emeritus of Penal Law of the University of the Saarland, Germany

  2. Version para el português del texto "One enters through one door and leaves then through another" de annette spiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Otondo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available No ano de 2002 a arquiteta suíça Annette Spiro lança, pela Editora Niggli, um livro primoroso sobre a obra de Paulo Mendes, com 37 projetos publicados, fotos novas criadas pela autora e um ensaio crítico de sua autoria sobre o conjunto de projetos publicados, além de uma entrevista com o arquiteto e um simpático prefácio escrito pelo arquiteto Luigi Snozzi. O texto de Annette surpreende pela maneira inédita pela qual analisa as obras do arquiteto, por sua compreensão da cultura brasileira, o que acaba por ampliar o alcance dessa abordagem. O caminho escolhido para efetuar sua análise é a partir dos componentes constitutivos da obra arquitetônica: terreno, cobertura, balanços, pilotis, e constrói um raciocínio sobre a articulação desses elementos no espaço. E assim - apoiada, sobretudo, nos textos do autor inglês Colin Rowe - analisa os projetos sob a ótica da tradição clássica e sua ordenação espacial. Contudo, a autora não se restringe aos aspectos formais ou materiais dos edifícios: concreto aparente, rigor estrutural, apreço pela técnica, características que levariam a uma associação imediata, e talvez superficial, com estilos tais como brutalista, minimalista ou abstracionista. E, sim, explora a relação entre componentes fundamentais de cada projeto: planos horizontais e verticais, a relação com o terreno, a oposição entre cheios e vazios e a luz como elemento constitutivo do espaço.

  3. Are pleiotropic effects of statins real?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Corsini

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Alberto Corsini, Nicola Ferri, Michele CortellaroDepartment of Pharmacological Sciences and Department of Clinical Sciences, “Luigi Sacco”, University of Milan, Milan, ItalyAbstract: The clinical benefits of statins are strongly related to their low density lipoproteincholesterol (LDL-C lowering properties. However, because mevalonic acid (MVA, the product of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-3-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA reductase reaction, is the precursor not only of cholesterol but also of nonsteroidal isoprenoid compounds, the inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase may result in pleiotropic effects, independent of their hypocholesterolemic properties. The discrimination between the pleiotropic from LDL-C lowering effects may potentially be more evident during the early phase of treatment since plasma MVA levels drop up to 70% within 1–2 hours while a reduction of LDL-C, detectable after 24 hours, became significant after 6–7 days. Therefore, the deprivation of circulating MVA-derived isoprenoids in the early phase of treatment could be the main mechanism responsible for the atheroprotective effect of statins. This early window of protection in the absence of LDL-C lowering suggests that the anti-inflammatory and the pleiotropic properties of statins may have clinical importance. Therefore, acute coronary syndromes could represent a clinical condition for addressing the early benefits of statins therapy, ie, within 24 h of the event, independent of LDL-C lowering.Keywords: anti-inflammatory effects of statins, mevalonate pathway, LDL lowering, acute coronary syndrome, prenylated proteins

  4. The role of HMG-CoA reductase inhibition in endothelial dysfunction and inflammation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Gelosa

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Paolo Gelosa1, Mauro Cimino2, Alice Pignieri1, Elena Tremoli1,3, Uliano Guerrini1, Luigi Sironi11Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Italy; 2Institute of Pharmacological Sciences, Carlo Bo University of Urbino, Italy; 3Monzino Cardiologic Center IRCCS, Milan, ItalyAbstract: Statin-induced inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase reduces cholesterol production and prevents the formation of many non-steroidal isoprenoid compounds, such as farnesylpyrophosphate and geranylgeranylpyrophosphate, that act as lipid attachments for the post-translational modification of various proteins, including the G-proteins and transcription factors involved in a number of cell processes. However, the blockade of isoprenylation elicited by statin treatment also has biological effects on cell function that go beyond the decrease in cholesterol synthesis: these are the so-called “pleiotropic” effects that mainly relate to vascular function. Endothelial dysfunction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events that correlates with inflammation markers/mediators and robust predictors of cardiovascular diseases such as increased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels. The results of in vivo and in vitro studies indicate that the statins have beneficial effects unrelated to cholesterol lowering, such as improving endothelial function, increasing myocardial perfusion, and enhancing the availability of nitric oxide. This review describes the pleiotropic effects of statins that may be involved in modulating/preventing endothelial dysfunction and inflammatory processes, as well as the cellular and molecular mechanisms through which they improve endothelial function.Keywords: statins; inflammation; endothelial dysfunction; nitric oxide; HMG-CoA reductase

  5. Discrepancies Between Classic and Digital Epidemiology in Searching for the Mayaro Virus: Preliminary Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Google Trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adawi, Mohammad; Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Watad, Abdulla; Sharif, Kassem; Amital, Howard; Mahroum, Naim

    2017-12-01

    Mayaro virus (MAYV), first discovered in Trinidad in 1954, is spread by the Haemagogus mosquito. Small outbreaks have been described in the past in the Amazon jungles of Brazil and other parts of South America. Recently, a case was reported in rural Haiti. Given the emerging importance of MAYV, we aimed to explore the feasibility of exploiting a Web-based tool for monitoring and tracking MAYV cases. Google Trends is an online tracking system. A Google-based approach is particularly useful to monitor especially infectious diseases epidemics. We searched Google Trends from its inception (from January 2004 through to May 2017) for MAYV-related Web searches worldwide. We noted a burst in search volumes in the period from July 2016 (relative search volume [RSV]=13%) to December 2016 (RSV=18%), with a peak in September 2016 (RSV=100%). Before this burst, the average search activity related to MAYV was very low (median 1%). MAYV-related queries were concentrated in the Caribbean. Scientific interest from the research community and media coverage affected digital seeking behavior. MAYV has always circulated in South America. Its recent appearance in the Caribbean has been a source of concern, which resulted in a burst of Internet queries. While Google Trends cannot be used to perform real-time epidemiological surveillance of MAYV, it can be exploited to capture the public's reaction to outbreaks. Public health workers should be aware of this, in that information and communication technologies could be used to communicate with users, reassure them about their concerns, and to empower them in making decisions affecting their health. ©Mohammad Adawi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Kassem Sharif, Howard Amital, Naim Mahroum. Originally published in JMIR Public Health and Surveillance (http://publichealth.jmir.org), 01.12.2017.

  6. Comparison of 37 months global net radiation flux derived from PICARD-BOS over the same period observations of CERES and ARGO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Ping; Wild, Martin

    2016-04-01

    The absolute level of the global net radiation flux (NRF) is fixed at the level of [0.5-1.0] Wm-2 based on the ocean heat content measurements [1]. The space derived global NRF is at the same order of magnitude than the ocean [2]. Considering the atmosphere has a negligible effects on the global NRF determination, the surface global NRF is consistent with the values determined from space [3]. Instead of studying the absolute level of the global NRF, we focus on the interannual variation of global net radiation flux, which were derived from the PICARD-BOS experiment and its comparison with values over the same period but obtained from the NASA-CERES system and inferred from the ocean heat content survey by ARGO network. [1] Allan, Richard P., Chunlei Liu, Norman G. Loeb, Matthew D. Palmer, Malcolm Roberts, Doug Smith, and Pier-Luigi Vidale (2014), Changes in global net radiative imbalance 1985-2012, Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (no.15), 5588-5597. [2] Loeb, Norman G., John M. Lyman, Gregory C. Johnson, Richard P. Allan, David R. Doelling, Takmeng Wong, Brian J. Soden, and Graeme L. Stephens (2012), Observed changes in top-of-the-atmosphere radiation and upper-ocean heating consistent within uncertainty, Nature Geoscience, 5 (no.2), 110-113. [3] Wild, Martin, Doris Folini, Maria Z. Hakuba, Christoph Schar, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Seiji Kato, David Rutan, Christof Ammann, Eric F. Wood, and Gert Konig-Langlo (2015), the energy balance over land and oceans: an assessment based on direct observations and CMIP5 climate models, Climate Dynamics, 44 (no.11-12), 3393-3429.

  7. Del romanticismo y la ficción a la realidad: Dippel, Galvani, Aldini y «el moderno Prometeo». Breve historia del impulso nervioso.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Valdés, Julio César

    Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (1797-1851), mejor conocida como Mary Shelley, con su visión romántica del mundo dio vida a una progenie interminable de historias en la literatura, y su escrito originó el mito del creador mortal que da vida a partir de la ciencia. Aunque parezca sorprendente, la historia ha llegado a considerarse un mito debido a los actos fundamentados en hechos de cierta forma «verídicos» que ayudaron a su origen, como fueron el galvanismo y el estudio del potencial eléctrico en los seres vivos llevados a cabo por dos italianos: Luigi Galvani y Giovanni Aldini. De igual manera, es posible aseverar la influencia directa sobre la obra por parte del folklore europeo de la época que rodeaba al teólogo, alquimista y médico Johann Konrad Dippel, quien hábitó el Castillo Frankenstein desde su nacimiento y además desarrollo el «elixir de la vida». La similitud que existe entre la novela y la vida de los tres personajes históricos hace pensar que la autora Mary Shelley, al pertenecer a una clase socialmente agraciada y educada, tuvo conocimiento de la disputa científica por el entendimiento de la energía eléctrica. El mundo creativo de Shelley, lleno de matices góticos y románticos, demuestra influencia directa de la alquimia al hablar de la «chispa de la vida», así como de los trabajos publicados por Galvani y Aldini. Copyright: © 2018 SecretarÍa de Salud.

  8. A stratospheric balloon experiment to test the Huygens atmospheric structure instrument (HASI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulchignoni, M.; Aboudan, A.; Angrilli, F.; Antonello, M.; Bastianello, S.; Bettanini, C.; Bianchini, G.; Colombatti, G.; Ferri, F.; Flamini, E.; Gaborit, V.; Ghafoor, N.; Hathi, B.; Harri, A.-M.; Lehto, A.; Lion Stoppato, P. F.; Patel, M. R.; Zarnecki, J. C.

    2004-08-01

    We developed a series of balloon experiments parachuting a 1:1 scale mock-up of the Huygens probe from an altitude just over 30 km to simulate at planetary scale the final part of the descent of the probe through Titan's lower atmosphere. The terrestrial atmosphere represents a natural laboratory where most of the physical parameters meet quite well the bulk condition of Titan's environment, in terms of atmosphere composition, pressure and mean density ranges, though the temperature range will be far higher. The probe mock-up consists of spares of the HASI sensor packages, housekeeping sensors and other dedicated sensors, and also incorporates the Huygens Surface Science Package (SSP) Tilt sensor and a modified version of the Beagle 2 UV sensor, for a total of 77 acquired sensor channels, sampled during ascent, drift and descent phase. An integrated data acquisition and instrument control system, simulating the HASI data-processing unit (DPU), has been developed, based on PC architecture and soft-real-time application. Sensor channels were sampled at the nominal HASI data rates, with a maximum rate of 1 kHz. Software has been developed for data acquisition, onboard storage and telemetry transmission satisfying all requests for real-time monitoring, diagnostic and redundancy. The mock-up of the Huygens probe mission was successfully launched for the second time (first launch in summer 2001, see Gaborit et al., 2001) with a stratospheric balloon from the Italian Space Agency Base "Luigi Broglio" in Sicily on May 30, 2002, and recovered with all sensors still operational. The probe was lifted to an altitude of 32 km and released to perform a parachuted descent lasting 53 min, to simulate the Huygens mission at Titan. Preliminary aerodynamic study of the probe has focused upon the achievement of a descent velocity profile reproducing the expected profile of Huygens probe descent into Titan. We present here the results of this experiment discussing their relevance in

  9. Visions of sustainable urban energy systems. Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pietzsch, Ursula [HFT Stuttgart (Germany). zafh.net - Centre of Applied Research - Sustainable Energy Technology; Mikosch, Milena [Steinbeis-Zentrum, Stuttgart (Germany). Europaeischer Technologietransfer; Liesner, Lisa (eds.)

    2010-09-15

    Within the polycity final conference from 15th to 17th September, 2010, in Stuttgart (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Visions of sustainable urban energy system (Ursula Eicker); (2) Words of welcome (Tanja Goenner); (3) Zero-energy Europe - We are on our way (Jean-Marie Bemtgen); (4) Polycity - Energy networks in sustainable cities An introduction (Ursula Pietzsch); (5) Energy efficient city - Successful examples in the European concerto initiative (Brigitte Bach); (6) Sustainable building and urban concepts in the Catalonian polycity project contributions to the polycity final conference 2010 (Nuria Pedrals); (7) Energy efficient buildings and renewable supply within the German polycity project (Ursula Eicker); (8) Energy efficient buildings and cities in the US (Thomas Spiegehalter); (9) Energy efficient communities - First results from an IEA collaboration project (Reinhard Jank); (10) The European energy performance of buildings directive (EPBD) - Lessons learned (Eduardo Maldonado); (11) Passive house standard in Europe - State-of-the-art and challenges (Wolfgang Feist); (12) High efficiency non-residential buildings: Concepts, implementations and experiences from the UK (Levin Lomas); (13) This is how we can save our world (Franz Alt); (14) Green buildings and renewable heating and cooling concepts in China (Yanjun Dai); (15) Sustainable urban energy solutions for Asia (Brahmanand Mohanty); (16) Description of ''Parc de l'Alba'' polygeneration system: A large-scale trigeneration system with district heating within the Spanish polycity project (Francesc Figueras Bellot); (17) Improved building automation and control systems with hardware-in-the loop solutions (Martin Becker); (18) The Italian polycity project area: Arquata (Luigi Fazari); (19) Photovoltaic system integration: In rehabilitated urban structures: Experiences and performance results from the Italian polycity project in Turin (Franco

  10. Orientalismi all’origine dell’architettura veneziana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fontana, Vincenzo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Between 1964 and 1968 Carlo Scarpa designs the small, precious «patio» of the Fondazione Que- rini Stampalia, in which both Mondrian and Mies van de Rohe, and ancient China and Japan, as well as Venice and the Alhambra, are finally re-read through modern eyes. An orientalist reading of the origins of Venetian architecture is exposed by Leopoldo Cicognara in «Le fabbriche più cospicue di Venezia» (1815-1820 in a posi- tive and appreciative way. The works of Pietro Selvatico similarly show his adherence to both the romantic and the positivist movements: he had been a student of Giuseppe Iappelli, who in the Moorish greenhouse of the gardens of Villa Torlonia in Rome in 1840 translated into architectural form some engravings of Murphy’s Alhambra. The apse of the Murano cathedral in his «Sulla architettura e sulla scultura in Venezia dal Medioevo» (1847 becomes extremely important for John Ruskin. Indeed, through a much deeper analysis of this work, it is seen to become for Ruskin the key of Venetian ornament law until the early Renaissance architecture. Ruskin lays down this law of ornament scientifically and poetically: it is made not only of geometric lines and colors, but of matter and patinas. Thus, Venice offers a pattern to contemporary Victorian architecture and to the future «organic architecture». Camillo Boito traces the Christian character of Murano’s architecture back to its Byzantine and Lombard origins, and compares it with Syrian, Armenian and Coptic churches illustrated by Melchior de Vogüe in «Syrie Central» (1865-1872. These in turn influence the mausoleum erected by Ponti in the center of the cemetery in Gallarate (1865-1869. «Degli stili nell’architettura», ii, 1897, and the «Atlas» of Luigi Archinti (Chirtani borrow from the works of the French diplomat detailed surveys of churches and mon- asteries of Syria indicated by Boito as models for future architects. The eastern route is continued in Milan and

  11. Balzac peint les français: social satire and construction of ideal types in Les français peints par eux-mêmes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilisa Moccia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Tra il 1840 e il 1842, negli stessi anni in cui prendeva forma quella che sarà di lì a poco la Comédie Humaine, furono dati alle stampe nove volumi dell’opera Les Français peints par eux-mêmes, pubblicata da Léon Curmer. L’opera vide la collaborazione di disegnatori e scrittori fra i quali Honoré de Balzac che contribuì al progetto scrivendo due voci l’épicier e la femme comme il faut. Les Français peints par eux-mêmes, definito nel sottotitolo Encyclopédie morale du XIXe siècle, è uno dei maggiori esempi di «letteratura panoramica», come ebbe a definirla Walter Benjamin (Benjamin 1979, e vi si mescolano caricatura e determinismo fisiologico impiegati per ritrarre, e non semplicemente descrivere, i tipi umani e sociali che popolano Parigi e la Provincia. L’introduzione di Léon Curmer e Jules Janin colloca il progetto globale dell’opera sotto l’etichetta di «tableau», già utilizzata da Louis-Sébastien Mercier (Mercier 1782, della società contemporanea messa al servizio della storia dei costumi. Da un lato, il dispositivo umoristico dell’opera scatena dall’idea di classificare gli uomini, svuotati della loro soggettività e degradati a tipi sociali, al pari delle specie animali e vegetali, ricalcando e “scoronando”, dunque, l’intento normalizzante dell’Enciclopedia dei lumi. Per questo motivo, la mise en page (ogni voce dell’opera è strutturata in type, tête de page, cul de lampe, contribuisce a creare un transtesto (Genette 1997, che stringe l’occhio al lettore del tempo, nutrito dalle opere di Buffon e Cuvier.  Dall’altro, però, l’intento dichiaratamente “serio” dell’opera che deve occuparsi di spiegare, con intento pedagogico e attraverso l’escamotage dell’autoritratto, i francesi ai Francesi, suggerisce una seconda ipotesi: la società tutta è risibile perché ridicola è la borghesia del regno di Luigi Filippo. Il contributo si propone di indagare il tipo di satira che

  12. PREFACE: Applications of Novel Scintillators for Research and Industry (ANSRI 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, O. J.

    2015-06-01

    Scintillator detectors are used widely in the field of γ- and X-ray spectroscopy, particularly in the mid 1900s when the invention of NaI(Tl) by nobel laureate Robert Hofstadter in 1948, spurred the creation of new scintillator materials. In the development of such new scintillators, important characteristics such as its intrinsic efficiency, position sensitivity, robustness, energy and timing response, light output, etc, need to be addressed. To date, these requirements cannot be met by a single type of scintillator alone and therefore the development of an ''ideal'' scintillator remains the holy grail of nuclear instrumentation. Consequently, the last two decades have seen significant progress in the development of scintillator crystals, driven largely by technological advances. Conventional inorganic scintillators such as NaI(Tl) and BGO are now being replaced with better, novel organic, inorganic, ceramic and plastic scintillators offering a wider variety of options for many applications. The workshop on the Applications of Novel Scintillators in Research and Industry was held at University College Dublin in January 2015 and covered a wide range of topics that characterise modern advances in the field of scintillator technology. This set of proceedings covers areas including the growth, production and characterisation of such contemporary scintillators, along with their applications in various fields, such as; Medical Imaging; Defence/Security; Astrophysics; and Nuclear/Particle Physics. We would like to thank all those who presented their recent results on their research at the workshop. These proceedings atest to the excitement and interest in such a broad field, that pervades the pursuit of the development of novel materials for future applications. We would also like to thank Professor Luigi Piro, for giving an interesting public talk during the conference, and to the Institute of Physics Ireland Group for supporting the event. We thank ORTEC for

  13. Cost of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Italy, 2007–2009: effective and expensive, are the new drugs worthwhile?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizzardini G

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Giuliano Rizzardini,1 Umberto Restelli,2 Paolo Bonfanti,3 Emanuele Porazzi,2 Elena Ricci,1 Emanuela Foglia,2 Laura Carenzi,1 Davide Croce21First Infectious Diseases Department, "Luigi Sacco" Hospital, Milan; 2Centre for Research on Health Economics, Social, and Health Care Management, Università Carlo Cattaneo, Castellanza; 3Infectious Diseases Department, "Alessandro Manzoni" Hospital, Lecco, ItalyBackground: In recent years, the increased efficacy and effectiveness of antiretroviral treatment has led to longer survival of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, but has also raised the question of what happens to consumption of resources. Early highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART, management of hepatitis C virus (HCV coinfection, and expensive newly marketed drugs may affect the economic sustainability of treatment from the point of view of the National Healthcare Services. The present study aimed to provide information on the economic burden of HIV-positive patients resident in the Lombardy region using a three-year time horizon.Methods: This was a retrospective, observational, budget impact study, based on information collected for the period 2007–2009, including hospitalizations, outpatient services, and HAART and non-HAART drug utilization. Patients with confirmed HIV infection, aged ≥ 18 years, resident in the Lombardy region, and followed at the "L Sacco" Hospital in Milan from 2007 to 2009 were eligible.Results: A total of 483 patients (mean age 44.1 years were included in the study. The mean CD4+ cell count increased over the study period from 462 ± 242 cells/mm3 in 2007, to 513 ± 267 cells/mm3 in 2008, to 547 ± 262 cells/mm3 in 2009. In total, 162 subjects (33.5% were coinfected with HCV. Hospitalizations and HAART costs increased from 2007 to 2009, whereas outpatient visits and non-HAART drug costs decreased slightly over time. The total cost increase was also significant when limiting the analysis

  14. Urinary protein profiles in ketorolac-associated acute kidney injury in patients undergoing orthopedic day surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano F

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Filippo Mariano,1 Chiara Cogno,1 Fulvia Giaretta,2,3 Ilaria Deambrosis,2,3 Simona Pozza,4 Maurizio Berardino,5 Giuseppe Massazza,6 Luigi Biancone1,3 1Department of General and Specialist Medicine, Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Unit, City of Health and Science, CTO Hospital, Turin, 2Department of General and Specialist Medicine, Laboratory of Nephrology and Immunopathology, City of Health and Science, Molinette Hospital, Turin, 3Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, 4Department of Radiology and Radiotherapy, CTO Radiology, City of Health and Science, CTO Hospital, Turin, 5Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care 5, City of Health and Science, CTO Hospital, Turin, 6Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Week Hospital Unit, City of Health and Science, CTO Hospital, and University of Turin, Turin, Italy Background: Parenteral administration of ketorolac is very effective in controlling postoperative pain for orthopedic surgery. Ketorolac can induce clinically relevant renal alterations in elderly patients, whereas its short course is considered safe for young adults with normal preoperative renal function. In this study, of a cohort of young adults undergoing elective orthopedic day surgery, we sought cases complicated by readmission due to acute kidney injury (AKI.Patients and methods: Among 1397 young adults, aged 18–32 years who were admitted to undergo orthopedic day surgery from 2013 to 2015, four patients (0.29%, three males/one female treated in postprocedure with ketorolac (from 60 to 90 mg/day for 1–2 days were readmitted for suspected severe AKI. We evaluated functional outcome, urinary protein profiles and kidney biopsy (1 patient.Results: After day surgery discharge, they experienced gastrointestinal disturbances, flank pain and fever. Readmitted on post-surgery days 3–4, they presented with oliguric AKI (creatinine range 158.4–466.4 µmol/L and

  15. Commissione parlamentare di inchiesta sul fenomeno della mafia in Sicilia 1976: la relazione di minoranza di Pio La Torre e Cesare Terranova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    a cura di Sarah Mazzenzana

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available In occasione del novantesimo anniversario dalla nascita di Pio La Torre, e in sintonia con numerose celebrazioni istituzionali, la Rivista propone, all’interno di questa sezione, un documento il cui valore storico, politico e giudiziario è stato riconosciuto solo a distanza di anni. Si tratta della Relazione di minoranza datata 4 febbraio 1976, redatta dall’onorevole Pio La Torre, insieme al giudice Cesare Terranova e sottoscritta dai deputati Benedetti, Malagugini, e dai senatori Adamoli, Chiaromonte, Lugnano e Maffioletti alla fine della VI Legislatura. La Relazione, qui integralmente ripubblicata - fatta esclusione per gli allegati -, si pone in netto contrasto con l’impianto della Relazione di maggioranza della Commissione parlamentare di inchiesta sul fenomeno della mafia in Sicilia, presieduta dal senatore Luigi Carraro. La valutazione fortemente critica proposta dai firmatari muove dall’accusa di aver omesso nella Relazione generale, il tema centrale per la comprensione del fenomeno mafioso ovvero il rapporto di compenetrazione tra il sistema di potere mafioso e l’apparato statuale-politico. La Relazione, come può intuire il lettore, contiene già le premesse della proposta di legge di Pio La Torre sul reato di associazione mafiosa, che sarà approvata il 13 settembre 1982 e diventerà come Legge “Rognoni- La Torre” una pietra miliare della normativa antimafia italiana.    For the ninetieth anniversary of the birth of Pio La Torre, the Review proposes in this section the minority report dated 4 February 1976. The report was drawn up by the deputy La Torre, together with the judge Terranova and it was endorsed by deputies Benedetti, Malagugini and by senators Adamoli, Chiaromonte, Lugnano e Maffioletti by the end of the legislature. The Review publishes the report fully, excluding the annexes. The document highlights limits, inconsistencies and reticence present within the majority report of the parliamentary Antimafia

  16. A salute to the pioneers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon

    2001-02-01

    An historical account is given of the pioneers who were instrumental in opening up the electrical frontier and paved the way for its phenomenal growth over the past century. The work of Franklin, Volta and Faraday, experimenters of the 18. and 19. century, is mentioned, along with the musings of Roger Bacon, a 13. century philosopher and scientist who postulated theories about magnetism, and that of William Gilbert of some three centuries later who formulated the definition of 'frictional electricity', noting the properties of attraction created by rubbing together amber and other substances. Mention is also made of the discoveries in the 18. and 19. centuries of Andre Marie Ampere of France, Luigi Galvani of Italy, Georg Simon Ohm and Heinrich Rudolph Hertz of Germany, Hans Christian Oersted of Denmark, Joseph Henry of the United States, William Grove and James Clerk Maxwell of Britain, and Aubrey Fessenden of Canada. An account is given of the discoveries of the Yugoslavian-born Nikola Tesla, whose work bridged the 19. and 20. centuries and who made singularly important contributions to the theory of electrical distribution systems, transformers, arc lights, dynamos, electric motors, steam turbines, thermomagnetics and radio systems. His invention of the polyphase alternating current system in 1888 was the turning point for the age of electricity that pushed the geographical distribution boundaries of electricity beyond the restrictive limitations of direct current used for Thomas Edison's electric light system. His work, with the timely support of George Westinghouse, opened the floodgates to electrical progress to bring new levels of productivity to business and industry and a higher standard of living for everyone. Many of the artifacts and memorabilia associated with the development of electrical technology are preserved in special exhibits and museums throughout the country. Brief accounts of some of the publicly accessible exhibits are

  17. Whole genome sequencing for the molecular characterization of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated at the Italian ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco Hospital, 2012-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimoldi, Sara Giordana; Gentile, Bernardina; Pagani, Cristina; Di Gregorio, Annamaria; Anselmo, Anna; Palozzi, Anna Maria; Fortunato, Antonella; Pittiglio, Valentina; Ridolfo, Anna Lisa; Gismondo, Maria Rita; Rizzardini, Giuliano; Lista, Florigio

    2017-10-10

    The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains is threatening antimicrobial treatment. Sixty-eight carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae strains isolated at Luigi Sacco University Hospital-ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco (Milan, Italy) between 2012 and 2014 were characterised microbiologically and molecularly. They were tested for drug susceptibility and carbapenemase phenotypes, investigated by means of repetitive extra-genic palindromic polymerase chain reaction (REP-PCR), and fully sequenced by means of next-generation sequencing for the in silico analysis of multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), their resistome, virulome and plasmid content, and their core single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes. All of the samples were resistant to carbapenems, other β-lactams and ciprofloxacin; many were resistant to aminoglycosides and tigecycline; and seven were resistant to colistin. Resistome analysis revealed the presence of blaKPC genes and, less frequently blaSHV, blaTEM, blaCTX-M and blaOXA, which are related to resistance to carbapenem and other β-lactams. Other genes conferring resistance to aminoglycoside, fluoroquinolone, phenicol, sulphonamide, tetracycline, trimethoprim and macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin were also detected. Genes related to AcrAB-TolC efflux pump-dependent and pump-independent tigecycline resistance mechanisms were investigated, but it was not possible to clearly correlate the genomic features with tigecycline resistance because of the presence of a common mutation in susceptible, intermediate and resistant strains. Concerning colistin resistance, the mgrB gene was disrupted by an IS5-like element, and the mobile mcr-1 and mcr-2 genes were not detected in two cases. The virulome profile revealed type-3 fimbriae and iron uptake system genes, which are important during the colonisation stage in the mammalian host environment. The in silico detected plasmid replicons were classified as IncFIB(pQil), IncFIB(K), Col

  18. 11th International Conference on Clustering Aspects of Nuclear Structure and Dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    Preface The 11 th edition of the International Conference on Clustering Aspects of Nuclear Structure and Dynamics (CLUSTER‘16) was held in Napoli, Italy, on May 23-27 2016. All the Conference Sessions took place in the magnificent Complesso Monumentale dei Ss. Marcellino e Festo , located in the Historical Centre of Naples. This is one of the most prestigious building complexes of the Federico II University of Naples, the main home institution of the organizers, together with the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Naples division). This building is 500 years old; in the XVIII century, it was reshaped by Luigi Vanvitelli, a famous architect of the pre-Neoclassical period in Italy, designer of the prestigious Royal Palace in the near town of Caserta. The site of Plenary Sessions was the Church of Ss. Marcellino e Festo , where all the participants were surrounded by the Baroque frescoes by Belisario Corenzio and, among the others, the paintings of Battistello Caracciolo, Massimo Stanzione, Giuseppe Simonelli and Francesco De Mura, important artists of the late Baroque period in South Italy. The sites of Parallel Sessions were two halls in the arcade of the S. Marcellino cloister: this gave the opportunity to the participants to enjoy the beauty of the architecture of the cloister with its fountains, gardens, sculptures. As organizers of the Conference, our main aims were: (1) to provide an excellent programme, with the expectation to be a reference point for the Nuclear Cluster Physics in the next four years; (2) to assure a very relaxing stay to the participants, allowing them to explore the bounty of artistic, and also culinary, masterpieces that Naples offers to its guests. The first point was assured by all the conveners that, with their excellent talks, gave a very precise and complete overview of the most recent achievements on Nuclear Cluster Physics, both from the experimental and theoretical point of view. We are indebted with the International

  19. Adalimumab for the treatment of Crohn’s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Cassinotti

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Andrea Cassinotti, Sandro Ardizzone, Gabriele Bianchi PorroDepartment of Clinical Sciences, Chair of Gastroenterology, “Luigi Sacco” University Hospital, Milan, ItalyIntroduction: Crohn’s disease (CD is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by a relapsing-remitting course with trans-mural inflammation of potentially any section of the digestive tract. Adalimumab (ADA is a subcutaneously administered, recombinant, fully human, IgG1 monoclonal antibody that binds with high affinity and specificity to human TNF-alpha, thus modulating its biologic functions and its proinflammatory effects.Aims: To review the available data on ADA in CD for biological properties, efficacy, and safety.Methods: Electronic searches were conducted using the Pubmed and SCOPUS databases from the earliest records to April 2008. The search terms used were “adalimumab”, “anti-TNF”, “TNF-alpha”, “biologicals”, “inflammatory bowel disease”, and “Crohn’s disease”. Reference lists of all relevant articles were searched for further studies.Results: Available studies suggest that ADA has the potential to induce and maintain clinical response and remission in moderate-severe CD, both in anti-TNF-naïve patients and in subjects who lost their response and/or became intolerant to infliximab (IFX. ADA seems also effective in maintaining corticosteroid-free remission and obtaining complete fistula closure (although no specific randomized trials are available. No concomitant immunosuppressors seem to be necessary. Side effects appear similar to IFX, while site-injection reactions are frequent and specific. Data on immunogenicity and its clinical impact are uncertain.Conclusions: ADA appears to be effective in inducing and maintain clinical remission in CD, including patients not manageable with IFX. Successive clinical practice and further on going trials will confirm a positive role for ADA as a new anti-TNF treatment in CD. The impact on

  20. Factors involved in treatment durability and immunological recovery in a cohort of HIV-positive patients receiving atazanavir-based regimens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomelli, Andrea; Oreni, Letizia; Franzetti, Marco; Di Cristo, Valentina; Vergani, Barbara; Morosi, Manuela; Colella, Elisa; Galli, Massimo; Rusconi, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Since antiretroviral therapy must be taken lifelong, persistence and safety have become the goals to achieve. Protease inhibitors, in particular atazanavir (ATV) with or without ritonavir (r), represent a highly prescribed class in real life long-term treatment. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study in HIV-1-positive patients who were followed at the Infectious Diseases Unit, DIBIC Luigi Sacco, University of Milan. Data regarding viral load, CD4 lymphocytes and the mean blood chemistry parameters were collected at baseline, first, third, sixth months from the beginning of therapy and then every six months. Factors related to persistence of therapy with ATV and time-dependent probability to reach a CD4 cells count >500 cells/µL were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox model. Results A total of 1030 patients were evaluated: 183 received therapy with ATV/r as naïve, 653 switched to ATV/r as a second or following line and 194 switched to unboosted ATV from previous ATV-free regimens. A total of 138 patients shifted to unboosted ATV from a previous ATV/r regimen (17 from naïve ATV/r and 121 from experienced ATV/r). The median duration of therapy was 38 months (95% CI 29–73) in ATV/r naïve patients, 36 months (95% CI 23–53) in unboosted ATV group and 35 months (95% CI 31–43) in patients switched to ATV/r. We observed no significant difference in the persistence of the three regimens (p=0.149). Female (HR=1.317; 95% CI 1.073–1.616 p=0.008) and patients with CD4500 cells/µL. Factors associated to a poor CD4 gain were each extra Log of viral load at baseline (HR=0.915; 95% CI 0.852–0.982 p=0.014) and CD4<200 cells/µL at ATV start (HR=0.197; 95%CI 0.138–0.281 p<0.0001); conversely, females (HR=1.262; 95%CI 1.032–1.543 p=0.023) had a higher probability of CD4 recovery. Conclusions Antiretroviral regimens containing atazanavir with or without ritonavir were durable and well tolerated, an elevated viral load and CD4 <200 cells

  1. Family accommodation in adult obsessive–compulsive disorder: clinical perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert U

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Umberto Albert, Alessandra Baffa, Giuseppe Maina Rita Levi Montalcini Department of Neuroscience, A.O.U. San Luigi Gonzaga, University of Turin, Turino, Italy Abstract: The term accommodation has been used to refer to family responses specifically related to obsessive–compulsive (OC symptoms: it encompasses behaviors such as directly participating in compulsions, assisting a relative with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD when he/she is performing a ritual, or helping him/her to avoid triggers that may precipitate obsessions and compulsions. At the opposite side, family responses to OCD may also include interfering with the rituals or actively opposing them; stopping accommodating OC symptoms or actively interfering with their performance is usually associated with greater distress and sometimes even with aggressive behaviors from the patients. This article summarizes progress of the recent research concerning family accommodation in relatives of patients with OCD. Family accommodation is a prevalent phenomenon both among parents of children/adolescents with OCD and relatives/caregivers of adult patients. It can be measured with a specific instrument, the Family Accommodation Scale, of which there are several versions available for use in clinical practice. The vast majority of both parents of children/adolescents with OCD and family members of adult patients show at least some accommodation; providing reassurances to obsessive doubts, participating in rituals and assisting the patient in avoidance are the most frequent accommodating behaviors displayed by family members. Modification of routine and modification of activities specifically due to OC symptoms have been found to be equally prevalent. Specific characteristics of patients (such as contamination/washing symptoms and of relatives (the presence of anxiety or depressive symptoms or a family history positive for another anxiety disorder are associated with a higher degree of family

  2. Extreme QCD 2012 (xQCD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    university Nicholson, Amy University of Maryland Nishida, Yusuke Los Alamos National Laboratory Petreczky, Peter Brookhaven National Laboratory Sakai, Yuji RIKEN Sasaki, Takahiro Kyushu University Schmidt, Christian University of Bielefeld Scorzato, Luigi ECT* - Trento, Italy Shi, Zhifeng The College of William and Mary Shuryak, Edward Stony Brook University Skokov, Vladimir Brookhaven National Laboratory Strickland, Michael Gettysburg College Teaney, Derek Stony Brook University Wang, Qun University of Science and Technology of China Xu, Nu CCNU/LBNL Xu, Xiao-Ming Shanghai University Yamamoto, Naoki Institute for Nuclear Theory Conference photograph

  3. Effect of basic fibroblast growth factor and cytochrome c peroxidase combination in transgenic mice corneal epithelial healing process after excimer laser photoablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Zaccaria Scalinci

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Sergio Zaccaria Scalinci1, Lucia Scorolli1, Alessandro Meduri2, Pier Luigi Grenga3, Giulia Corradetti1, Cristian Metrangolo11Low Vision Center – University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; 2Department of Surgical Specialities, Ophthalmology Clinic, University of Messina, Messina, Italy; 3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, ItalyPurpose: To evaluate the role of prepared basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF and cytochrome c peroxidase (CCP combination eyedrops in corneal epithelial healing of transgenic mice (B6(A-Rperd12/J after excimer laser photoablation. Materials and methods: In this prospective study, 216 eyes of 108 mice underwent bilateral photorefractive keratectomy. We considered 4 groups: A, B, C, and D. Group A received standard topical postoperative therapy with tobramycin, diclofenac, and dexamethasone eyedrops plus CCP at 3 drops per day for a week or until corneal re-epithelialization was achieved. Group B received standard topical postoperative therapy plus bFGF eyedrops and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS 3 drops per day for a week or until corneal re-epithelialization was complete. In group C, 1 eye received standard topical postoperative therapy plus CCP eyedrops, bFGF eyedrops, and PBS 3 drops per day for a week or until corneal re-epithelialization was complete. Control eyes (group D received a standard topical postoperative therapy plus placebo eyedrops. Mice were followed-up for a week from the day after the surgery to evaluate the rate of corneal re-epithelialization.Results: Data were analyzed by ANOVA using the XLSTAT 2010 software. Eyes in group A, B, and C healed completely before the fifth postoperative day, achieving, respectively, a re-epithelialization time of 92 hours ± 10 SD, 90 hours ± 12 SD, and 86 hours ± 12 SD. Group D had a re-epithelialization time of 121 hours ± 8 SD (P < 0.05. No side effects or toxic effects were documented.Conclusions: Results suggest that re

  4. Is the admission test for a course in medicine a good predictor of academic performance? A case-control experience at the school of medicine of Turin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migliaretti, Giuseppe; Bozzaro, Salvatore; Siliquini, Roberta; Stura, Ilaria; Costa, Giuseppe; Cavallo, Franco

    2017-12-01

    The usefulness of university admission tests to medical schools has been discussed in recent years. In the academic year 2014-15 in Italy, several students who failed the admission test appealed to the regional administrative court ('Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale'-TAR) requesting to be included, despite their test results, and all were admitted to their respective courses. The existence of this population of students generated a control group, in order to evaluate the predictive capacity of the admission test. The aim of the present work is to discuss the ability of university admission tests to predict subsequent academic success. The study involved 683 students who enrolled onto the first year of the degree course in medicine in the academic year 2014-15 at the University of Turin (Molinette and San Luigi Gonzaga colleges). The students were separated into two categories: those who passed the admission test (n1=531) and those who did not pass the admission test but won their appeal in the TAR (n2=152). The validity of the admission test was analysed using specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LH+, LH-), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, area under the ROC curve (AUC), and relative (95% CI). The results showed that the admission test appeared to be a good tool for predicting the academic performances in the first year of the course (AUC=0.70, 95% CI 0.64 to 0.76). Moreover, some subject areas seemed to have a greater discriminating capacity than others. In general, students who obtained a high score in scientific questions were more likely to obtain the required standards during the first year (LH+ 1.22, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.25). Based on a consistent statistical approach, our study seems to confirm the ability of the admission test to predict academic success in the first year at the school of medicine of Turin. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All

  5. Effects and tolerability of betahistine in patients with vestibular vertigo: results from the Romanian contingent of the OSVaLD study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Băjenaru O

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ovidiu Băjenaru,1 Adina Maria Roceanu,2 Silviu Albu,3 Viorel Zainea,4 Alexandru Pascu,4 Mădălina Gabriela Georgescu,4 Sebastian Cozma,5 Luigi Mărceanu,6 Dafin Fior Mureşanu7 1Department of Neurology, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Bucharest, 3IInd Department of Otolaryngology, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, 4Institute of Phono-Audiology and ENT Functional Surgery Prof Dr Dorin Hociota, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, 5ENT Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Grigore T Popa, Audiology and Vestibulogy Department, Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital, Iasi, 6Transilvania University, Faculty of Medicine, Department: Doctoral Program (PhD, Brasov, 7"RoNeuro" Institute for Neurological Research and Diagnostic Cluj-Napoca, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Iuliu Haţieganu", Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Cluj-Napoca, Romania Background and methods: An efficacy population of 245 patients with vertigo of peripheral vestibular origin was recruited in Romania as part of a 3-month multinational, post-marketing surveillance study of open-label betahistine 48 mg/day (OSVaLD. Endpoints were changes in the Dizziness Handicap Index (primary endpoint, Medical Outcome Study Short-Form 36 (SF-36v2®, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: During treatment, the total Dizziness Handicap Index score improved by 41 points (on a 100-point scale. Statistically significant improvements of 12–14 points were recorded in all three domains of the Dizziness Handicap Index scale (P<0.0001. Betahistine therapy was also accompanied by progressive improvements in mean Hospital Anxiety and Depression anxiety and depression scores (P<0.0001 and significant improvements in both the physical and mental component summary of the SF-36v2 (P<0.0001. Betahistine was well tolerated, with only one suspected adverse drug

  6. Health-Related Coping and Social Interaction in People with Multiple Sclerosis Supported by a Social Network: Pilot Study With a New Methodological Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavorgna, Luigi; Russo, Antonio; De Stefano, Manuela; Lanzillo, Roberta; Esposito, Sabrina; Moshtari, Fatemeh; Rullani, Francesco; Piscopo, Kyrie; Buonanno, Daniela; Brescia Morra, Vincenzo; Gallo, Antonio; Tedeschi, Gioacchino; Bonavita, Simona

    2017-07-14

    .com was perceived by users to be a useful tool to support health-related coping and social interaction, and may suggest a new kind of therapeutic alliance between physicians and people with MS. ©Luigi Lavorgna, Antonio Russo, Manuela De Stefano, Roberta Lanzillo, Sabrina Esposito, Fatemeh Moshtari, Francesco Rullani, Kyrie Piscopo, Daniela Buonanno, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Antonio Gallo, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Simona Bonavita. Originally published in the Interactive Journal of Medical Research (http://www.i-jmr.org/), 14.07.2017.

  7. Critical appraisal of cardiac implantable electronic devices: complications and management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Padeletti L

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Luigi Padeletti1, Giosuè Mascioli2, Alessandro Paoletti Perini1, Gino Grifoni1, Laura Perrotta1, Procolo Marchese3, Luca Bontempi3, Antonio Curnis31Istituto di Clinica Medica e Cardiologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia; 2Elettrofisiologia, Istituto Humanitas Gavazzeni, Bergamo, Italia; 3Elettrofisiologia, Spedali Civili, Brescia, ItaliaAbstract: Population aging and broader indications for the implant of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs are the main reasons for the continuous increase in the use of pacemakers (PMs, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs and devices for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-P, CRT-D. The growing burden of comorbidities in CIED patients, the greater complexity of the devices, and the increased duration of procedures have led to an augmented risk of infections, which is out of proportion to the increase in implantation rate. CIED infections are an ominous condition, which often implies the necessity of hospitalization and carries an augmented risk of in-hospital death. Their clinical presentation may be either at pocket or at endocardial level, but they can also manifest themselves with lone bacteremia. The management of these infections requires the complete removal of the device and subsequent, specific, antibiotic therapy. CIED failures are monitored by competent public authorities, that require physicians to alert them to any failures, and that suggest the opportune strategies for their management. Although the replacement of all potentially affected devices is often suggested, common practice indicates the replacement of only a minority of devices, as close follow-up of the patients involved may be a safer strategy. Implantation of a PM or an ICD may cause problems in the patients' psychosocial adaptation and quality of life, and may contribute to the development of affective disorders. Clinicians are usually unaware of the psychosocial impact of implanted PMs and ICDs. The

  8. Spotlight on dream recall: the ages of dreams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mangiaruga A

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Anastasia Mangiaruga, Serena Scarpelli, Chiara Bartolacci, Luigi De Gennaro Department of Psychology, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Rome, Italy Abstract: Brain and sleep maturation covary across different stages of life. At the same time, dream generation and dream recall are intrinsically dependent on the development of neural systems. The aim of this paper is to review the existing studies about dreaming in infancy, adulthood, and the elderly stage of life, assessing whether dream mentation may reflect changes of the underlying cerebral activity and cognitive processes. It should be mentioned that some evidence from childhood investigations, albeit still weak and contrasting, revealed a certain correlation between cognitive skills and specific features of dream reports. In this respect, infantile amnesia, confabulatory reports, dream-reality discerning, and limitation in language production and emotional comprehension should be considered as important confounding factors. Differently, growing evidence in adults suggests that the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the encoding and retrieval of episodic memories may remain the same across different states of consciousness. More directly, some studies on adults point to shared neural mechanisms between waking cognition and corresponding dream features. A general decline in the dream recall frequency is commonly reported in the elderly, and it is explained in terms of a diminished interest in dreaming and in its emotional salience. Although empirical evidence is not yet available, an alternative hypothesis associates this reduction to an age-related cognitive decline. The state of the art of the existing knowledge is partially due to the variety of methods used to investigate dream experience. Very few studies in elderly and no investigations in childhood have been performed to understand whether dream recall is related to specific electrophysiological pattern at different ages. Most

  9. Some contributions from the doctor of the miners in the Simplon tunnel: The most human of victories. The Provinces of Italy to the Simplon tunnel. The family of the miner at Simplon. 1906.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volante, G

    2006-01-01

    he worked under Luigi Devoto (1864-1936) in Milan. After that, he returned to his native Turin where he practised urology. According to his direct descendents, he died aged 64 from respiratory insufficiency the causes of which included a "pneumoconiosis" diagnosed by Prof. Quarelli (1881-1954), a renowned doctor of work-related illnesses, which he had obviously contracted in the period when he had been the doctor of the miners (Gius Volante, 2006).

  10. In children allergic to ragweed pollen, nasal inflammation is not influenced by monosensitization or polysensitization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelardi M

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Matteo Gelardi,1 Mariangela Bosoni,2 Marco Morelli,2 Silvia Beretta,2 Cristoforo Incorvaia,3 Serena Buttafava,4 Massimo Landi,5 Simonetta Masieri,6 Franco Frati,4 Nicola Quaranta,1 Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti21Otolaryngology Section, Department of Neuroscience and Sensory Organs, University of Bari, 2Department of Pediatrics, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, 3Allergy/Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, ICP Hospital, 4Medical and Scientific Department, Stallergenes Italy, Milan, 5Department of Pediatrics, ASL TO1, Turin, 6Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, ItalyBackground: In patients polysensitized to pollen allergens, the priming effect, by which the sensitivity of the nasal mucosa to an allergen is increased by the previous exposure to another allergen, is a known phenomenon. This study was aimed at evaluating the degree of nasal inflammation, assessed by nasal cytology, in children with allergic rhinitis (AR from ragweed pollen according to being monosensitized or polysensitized.Methods: The study included 47 children. Of them, 24 suffered from AR caused by sensitization to grass pollen and ragweed pollen (group A and 23 were sensitized only to ragweed pollen (group B. In all patients, the severity of AR was assessed according to the Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma guidelines, and comorbidities were also evaluated.Results: In group A, 16.7% of children had a mild intermittent AR, 4.2% a moderate-to-severe intermittent, 33.3% a mild persistent, and 45.8% a moderate-to-severe persistent; in group B, 26.1% of children had a mild intermittent AR, 0% a moderate-to-severe intermittent, 52.2% a mild persistent, and 21.7% a moderate-to-severe persistent. No significant difference was detected in the number of the considered comorbidities between the two groups. The cell counts of neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes/plasma cells, and mast cells were high but not significantly different in the two groups

  11. A Randomized Controlled Trial on the Efficacy of a Psychosocial Behavioral Intervention to Improve the Lifestyle of Patients With Severe Mental Disorders: Study Protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaia Sampogna

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Patients with severe mental disorders die on average 20 years prior to the general population. This mortality gap is mainly due to the higher prevalence of physical diseases and the adoption of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors.The LIFESTYLE trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of a new psychosocial group intervention (including psychoeducational, motivational, and problem-solving techniques focused on healthy lifestyle behavior compared to a brief educational group intervention in a community sample of patients with severe mental disorders. The trial is a national-funded, multicentric, randomized controlled trial with blinded outcome assessments, which is carried out in six outpatient units of the Universities of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli” in Naples, Bari, Genova, L'Aquila, Pisa, and Rome—Tor Vergata. All patients are assessed at the following time points: baseline (T0; 2 months post-randomization (T1; 4 months post-randomization (T2; 6 months post-randomization (T3; 12 months post-randomization (T4; and 24 months post-randomization (T5. T1 and T2 assessments include only anthropometric tests. The BMI, a reliable and feasible anthropometric parameter, has been selected as primary outcome. In particular, the mean value of BMI at 6 months from baseline (T3 will be evaluated through a Generalized Estimated Equation model. The work hypothesis is that the LIFESTYLE psychosocial group intervention will be more effective than the brief educational group intervention in reducing the BMI. We expect a mean difference between the two groups of at least one point (and standard deviation of two points at BMI. Secondary outcomes are: the improvement in dietary patterns, in smoking habits, in sleeping habits, physical activity, personal and social functioning, severity of physical comorbidities, and adherence to medications. The expected sample size consists of 420 patients (70 patients for each of the six participating centers, and they are allocated with

  12. Cost-effectiveness analysis on the use of rFSH + rLH for the treatment of anovulation in hypogonadotropic hypogonadal women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papaleo E

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Enrico Papaleo,1 Carlo Alviggi,2 Giorgio Lorenzo Colombo,3,4 Claudio Pisanelli,5,6 Claudio Ripellino,7 Salvatore Longobardi,8 Pier Luigi Canonico91Centro Scienze della Natalità, Gynecological-Obstetrics Department, San Raffaele Hospital, Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy; 2Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University “Federico II” of Naples, Naples, Italy; 3Department of Drug Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 4SAVE Studi Analisi Valutazioni Economiche, Milan, Italy; 5ACO San Filippo Neri, Rome, Italy; 6Società Italiana Di Farmacia Ospedaliera, Milan, Italy; 7CSD Medical Research Srl, Milan, Italy; 8Medical Department, Merck Serono SpA, Rome, Italy; 9Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy Background: Hypogonadotropic hypogonadal women are characterized by ovarian functionality deficiency, caused by low concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH and luteinizing hormone (LH. To recover reproduction functionality, recommended therapies for ovarian induction involve injections of FSH and LH medications. Objective: Since important differences exist between recombinant and urinary gonadotropin therapies in terms of efficacy and cost, the objective of this study was to develop a cost-effectiveness model to compare recombinant FSH (rFSH + recombinant LH (rLH and highly purified human menopausal gonadotropin (HP-HMG. Methods: A Markov model was developed, considering three cycles of therapy; probability of pregnancy and miscarriage were considered, and the efficacy was evaluated in terms of pregnancy occurrence. The perspective of the model was that of the Italian Health Service, so only direct cost (drugs, specialist visits, patient examinations, and hospitalizations were included. Results: rFSH + rLH is associated with a higher total cost (€3,453.50 and higher efficacy (0.87 compared with HP-HMG (€2,719.70 and 0.50. rFSH + r

  13. Roberto Mantovani (1854-1933 and his ideas on the expanding Earth, as revealed by his correspondence and manuscripts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Scalera

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Roberto Mantovani (Parma, 25 March 1854-Paris, 10 January 1933 – a musician and geologist trained in the Duchy of Parma – was a Consul in the French island of La Réunion at the end of the nineteenth century. In 1878 drawing general conclusions from the similarity in shape between the facing banks of a river that flowed in a volcanic fracture, and the way in which the layers corresponded, Mantovani formulated a mobilistic theory, attributing the moving apart of the continents to the expansion of the entire planet. This theory is more general than that of Wegener from the first decades of the following century. Mantovani’s hypothesis was officially recognised by the French Geological Society in 1924, which incorporated it in its body of legitimate ideas. Encouraged by Bourcart in 1924, Wegener quoted the Italian in his famous book as one who offered ideas extraordinarily close to his own. A letter of Mantovani to Wegener, and the sceptical answer of the German scientist, have been recently found. In his letter Mantovani shows a greater awareness of the predecessors of the continental drift than Wegener

    himself. Mantovani continued to disseminate his idea up to the last years of his life. A final pamphlet, of 1930, was printed with this dedication: «to the mathematicians, physicists, astronomers, geologists, and anyone interested in the great enigmas of the Universe». is biography has been reconstructed thanks to the correspondences carefully conserved in the archives of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ethnographic Museum Luigi Pigorini, the Società Geografica Italiana, and in the private files of his direct descendants.


  14. Cradles of industry and occupational medicine in the modern world: Milan 1906 -- Annus Mirabilis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldasseroni, A; Carnevale, F; Tomassini, L

    2013-01-01

    The example examined is Milan, Italy's main industrial city, where the great International Exhibition was held in 1906. This was the culmination of a period of accelerated industrial growth that modern-day historiography considers to be when Italy's first real industrial revolution began. The twenty-five years between the National Industrial Exhibition of 1881, which was also held in Milan, and the 1906 Exhibition truly reflected a period which was crucial for this transformation to take of. Alongside industry, which was then going through a phase of reorganization and development, Milanese civil society was increasingly turning its interest and attention to what was called the "social question". In an atmosphere of debate and exchange of ideas and experience with Turin, another major industrial city of the north and the birthplace of the Italian engineering and automobile industries, social organizations, political parties and trade unions began to be established thus heralding the Italian approach towards twentieth-century welfare. This is the context in which the first International Congress on Occupational Diseases was held in Milan from 9 to 14 June 1906 within the framework of the International Exhibition. The success achieved with this initiative. organized by Luigi Devoto and Malachia De Cristoforis, which was to continue with the founding of the International Permanent Commission on Occupational Health, showed that the time was ripe for a new subject to appear on the scene--the occupational health physician--who from then on was to play an important role in the promotion of workers' health. The article outlines the main features of the Italian industrial transformation at the turn of the new century with special attention focused on Milan, the capital of industry in Italy. It also describes the impact on public opinion caused by the events surrounding the epic construction of the transalpine railway tunnels which began in 1856 with the Mont Cenis tunnel

  15. The effects of psychoeducational family intervention on coping strategies of relatives of patients with bipolar I disorder: results from a controlled, real-world, multicentric study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampogna, Gaia; Luciano, Mario; Vecchio, Valeria Del; Malangone, Claudio; De Rosa, Corrado; Giallonardo, Vincenzo; Borriello, Giuseppina; Pocai, Benedetta; Savorani, Micaela; Steardo, Luca; Lampis, Debora; Veltro, Franco; Bartoli, Francesco; Bardicchia, Francesco; Moroni, Anna Maria; Ciampini, Giusy; Orlandi, Emanuele; Ferrari, Silvia; Biondi, Silvia; Iapichino, Sonia; Pompili, Enrico; Piselli, Massimiliano; Tortorella, Alfonso; Carrà, Giuseppe; Fiorillo, Andrea

    2018-01-01

    Background Psychoeducational family intervention (PFI) has been proven to be effective in improving the levels of family burden and patients’ personal functioning in schizophrenia and bipolar disorders (BDs). Less is known about the impact of PFI on relatives’ coping strategies in BD. Methods A multicenter, controlled, outpatient trial funded by the Italian Ministry of Health and coordinated by the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli” has been conducted in patients with bipolar I disorder (BD-I) and their key relatives consecutively recruited in 11 randomly selected Italian community mental health centers. We aim to test the hypothesis that PFI improves problem-oriented coping strategies in relatives of BD-I patients compared to the Treatment As Usual (TAU) group. Results The final sample was constituted of 123 patients and 139 relatives. At baseline assessment (T0), the vast majority of relatives already adopted problem-oriented coping strategies more frequently than the emotion-focused ones. At the end of the intervention, relatives receiving PFI reported a higher endorsement of adaptive coping strategies, such as “maintenance of social interests” (odds ratio [OR]=0.309, CI=0.04–0.57; p=0.023), “positive communication with the patient” (OR=0.295, CI=0.13–0.46; p=0.001), and “searching for information” (OR=0.443, CI=0.12–0.76; p=0.007), compared to TAU relatives, after controlling for several confounders. As regards the emotion-focused coping strategies, relatives receiving the experimental intervention less frequently reported to adopt “resignation” (OR=−0.380, CI=−0.68 to −0.08; p=0.014) and “coercion” (OR=−0.268, CI=−0.46 to −0.08; p=0.006) strategies, compared to TAU relatives. Conclusion PFI is effective in improving the adaptive coping strategies of relatives of BD-I patients, but further studies are needed for evaluating the long-term benefits of this intervention. PMID

  16. The 8th International Conference on Highly Frustrated Magnetism (HFM 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, J. S.; Kao, Y. J.

    2017-04-01

    The 8th International Conference on Highly Frustrated Magnetism 2016 (HFM 2016) took place between the 7th and 11th of September 2016 at the GIS Convention Center at National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Over 260 participants from all over the world, attended the meeting making it the largest HFM to-date and revealing the impressive growth in the community since the original meeting in Waterloo, Canada where 80 participants attended. Preceding the meeting a school was held at the National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center to help those new to the field understand the material they were likely to see at HFM2016. Our thanks to the international speakers who attended this school John Chalker, Michel Kenzelmann, Philippe Mendels, Luigi Paolasini, Kirrily Rule, Yixi Su, Isao Watanabe and those from Taiwan W. T. Chen, Y-J, Kao, L. J. Chang and C. S. Ku, for their enlightening presentations. The HFM 2016 conference consisted of five plenary talks by H Takagi, B D Gaulin, L Balents, Y Tokura and S T Bramwell, 20 invited and 40 contributed presentations, and about 160 poster presentations from all aspects of theoretical and experimental frustrated magnetism. During the conference period, many stimulating discussions were held both inside and outside the conference room. Excursions to Taipei 101 and the National Palace Museum, as well as several organized dinners and receptions allowed the participants to initiate collaborations and discuss the hottest issues. The subjects covered in the conference included: · Quantum frustrated magnetism and spin liquids · Novel ordering of geometrically frustrated magnets · Frustration effect on the coupling to lattice, orbital and charge degrees of freedom · Exotic phenomena induced by macroscopic degeneracy · Field effect on frustrated magnetism etc. These proceeding represent a very small, but valuable contribution to the community. I hope you enjoy reading them. In view of the rapid growth of the field, it has been

  17. Enlightening music: the catalogue and digitisation project of Verdi’s archive at the “Archivio Storico Ricordi” in Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathias Balbi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Our contribution concentrates on the processes of cataloguing and digitising of hand–written letters and business documents belonging to the ''Ricordi Historical Archive'' in Milan, which is at present housed in the Braidense National Library; the archive possesses documents referring to the history of the publishing company covering the two centuries of its activities. Starting from the ledgers compiled by Giovanni Ricordi, which cover a period from 1814 up to the middle of the 19th century to the documents relative to the school of engraving, the archive also houses a large number of editorial catalogues, published by Ricordi and by other publishing houses which it took over, as well as the original contracts stipulated with composers and librettists from Giuseppe Verdi and Giacomo Puccini to Arrigo Boito. The collection of about 15,000 hand–written letters covers the period from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century and includes documents sent to Ricordi from writers, singers authors, and composers such as Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini and Ottorino Respighi and librettists Luigi Illica, Giuseppe Giacosa and Arrigo Boito. The second part of the correspondence is made up letter–books and business correspondence which were kept intact from 1888 to 1962, except for the period from 1944 to 1953. Since 2006, work has been carried out to catalogue and digitise the Ricordi Archive based on the standards set out by the National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale – SBN which is head of the Central Institute for the Single Catalogue (ICCU. The structure and use of the archive and the external transmission of its contents are safeguarded and enhanced thanks to the combined work of cataloguing and digitisation of this heritage: the preliminary cataloguing of the documents uses a simplified model of the scheme adopted in the description of the manuscript according to sw Manus, elaborated by ICCU: the

  18. Satire in Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon Stefanija

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article surveys the scope of satire and suggests its range. It is divided into six sections. The introductory comment (The semantics of music briefly outlines the fact that music has always been a part of communicative endeavors. The historical background of the semantic issues in music is described (Historical surmises, which is necessary to define satire in music as a specific genre combining features from different musical forms. The third section discusses six areas as the most common contexts of musical satire: 1 satirical music theater works, such as the opera Il Girello by Jacopo Melani, the famous Coff ee Cantata (Schweigt Still, plaudert nicht, BWV 211 by Johann Sebastian Bach, Der Schulmeister by Georg Philipp Telemann, The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay, and so on; 2 musical genres associated with satire, either a within vocal-instrumental music; for instance, opera buffa, Singspiel, operetta, cabaret, vaudeville, and so on, or b in instrumental pieces, such as capriccios, grotesques, scherzos, burlesques, and so on; 3 individual features or compositional parts related to satire; for example, in a vocal music, the Satiro in Orfeo by Luigi Rossi, the range of the Orlando character in eighteenth-century opera, who “may be satire, a fool or hero, but never all together” (Harris, 1986, 106, the satirical antihero Matěj Brouček in Leoš Janáček’s work, and also Lady Macbeth, and in b instrumental music, such as the sermon of St. Anthony in Gustav Mahler’s Second Symphony, his marches, and “low-brow tunes,” a number of episodes in Dmitri Shostakovich’s works, and so on; 4 works variously related to criticism, such as the work of Eric Satie, Kurt Weill, Luigi Nono, Maurizio Kagel, and Vinko Globokar, as well as Fran Milčinski (a.k.a. Ježek, Laibach, or Bob Dylan; 5 music journalism, from Johann Beer and Louis-Abel Beffroy de Reigny and his popular pieces de circonstance, to nineteenth-century music journalism, George

  19. Empowering patients of a mental rehabilitation center in a low-resource context: a Moroccan experience as a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khabbache H

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Hicham Khabbache,1 Abdelhak Jebbar,2,* Nadia Rania,3,* Marie-Chantal Doucet,4 Ali Assad Watfa,5 Joël Candau,6 Mariano Martini,7 Anna Siri,8,* Francesco Brigo,9,10,* Nicola Luigi Bragazzi1,2,4–8,11,* 1Faculty of Literature and Humanistic Studies, Sais, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, 2Faculty of Art and Humanities, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Beni-Mellal, Morocco; 3School of Social Sciences, Department of Education Sciences, University of Genoa, Genova, Italy; 4Faculty of Human Sciences, School of Social Work, University of Québec-Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada; 5Faculty of Education, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait; 6Laboratory of Anthropology and Cognitive and Social Psychology, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France; 7Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL, Section of Bioethics, University of Genoa, 8UNESCO Chair “Health Anthropology, Biosphere and Healing Systems”, Genova, 9Department of Neurology, Franz Tappeiner Hospital, Merano, 10Department of Neurological, Biomedical, and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, 11School of Public Health, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL, University of Genoa, Genova, Italy *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Mental, neurological and substance use (MNS disorders represent a major source of disability and premature mortality worldwide. However, in developing countries patients with MNS disorders are often poorly managed and treated, particularly in marginalized, impoverished areas where the mental health gap and the treatment gap can reach 90%. Efforts should be made in promoting help by making mental health care more accessible. In this article, we address the challenges that psychological and psychiatric services have to face in a low-resource context, taking our experience at a Moroccan rehabilitation center as a case study. A sample of 60 patients were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire during the period of

  20. Operational Estimation of Accumulated Precipitation using Satellite Observation, by Eumetsat Satellite Application facility in Support to Hydrology (H-SAF Consortium).

    Science.gov (United States)

    di Diodato, A.; de Leonibus, L.; Zauli, F.; Biron, D.; Melfi, D.

    2009-04-01

    Operational Estimation of Accumulated Precipitation using Satellite Observation, by Eumetsat Satellite Application facility in Support to Hydrology (H-SAF Consortium). Cap. Attilio DI DIODATO(*), T.Col. Luigi DE LEONIBUS(*), T.Col Francesco ZAULI(*), Cap. Daniele BIRON(*), Ten. Davide Melfi(*) Satellite Application Facilities (SAFs) are specialised development and processing centres of the EUMETSAT Distributed Ground Segment. SAFs process level 1b data from meteorological satellites (geostationary and polar ones) in conjunction with all other relevant sources of data and appropriate models to generate services and level 2 products. Each SAF is a consortium of EUMETSAT European partners lead by a host institute responsible for the management of the complete SAF project. The Meteorological Service of Italian Air Force is the host Institute for the Satellite Application Facility on Support to Operational Hydrology and Water Management (H-SAF). HSAF has the commitment to develop and to provide, operationally after 2010, products regarding precipitation, soil moisture and snow. HSAF is going to provide information on error structure of its products and validation of the products via their impacts into Hydrological models. To that purpose it has been structured a specific subgroups. Accumulated precipitation is computed by temporal integration of the instantaneous rain rate achieved by the blended LEO/MW and GEO/IR precipitation rate products generated by Rapid Update method available every 15 minutes. The algorithm provides four outputs, consisting in accumulated precipitation in 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours, delivered every 3 hours at the synoptic hours. These outputs are our precipitation background fields. Satellite estimates can cover most of the globe, however, they suffer from errors due to lack of a direct relationship between observation parameters and precipitation, the poor sampling and algorithm imperfections. For this reason the 3 hours accumulated precipitation is

  1. PREFACE: 11th International Spring Seminar on Nuclear Physics: Shell Model and Nuclear Structure - achievements of the past two decades

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    shell model. Then, as usual, the program of the meeting consisted of general talks and more specialized contributions, which covered five main topics: i) From nuclear forces to nuclear structure; ii) Exploring nuclear structure toward the drip line; iii) Role of the shell model in the study of exotic nuclei; iv) Nuclear structure aspects outside the shell model; and v) Special topics. The main conclusions were drawn in two keynote talks given by Amand Faessler and Franco Iachello. The Conference had about 90 participants from some 20 countries [please see the list of participants]. This is well in line with the tradition of these meetings, as is the fact that more than 50% of the present participants attended one or more of the previous Seminars. We received 58 manuscripts out of the 73 invited papers and contributions presented at the Seminar. All of these have been peer reviewed and are collected in this volume. We would like to thank all the colleagues who have acted as referees to assess the suitability of the various articles for publication in the Journal of Physics: Conference Series. We are confident that the high quality of both invited and contributed papers contained in these Proceedings will be appreciated by the nuclear physics community. We gratefully acknowledge the members of the Advisory Committee for their valuable cooperation in preparing the scientific program as well as the financial support of the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, the University of Naples Federico II, and the Dipartimento di Fisica who helped make the Seminar possible. Angela Gargano Luigi Coraggio Nunzio Itaco Editors

  2. [100 years of lead poisoning studies from a reading of articles published in La Medicina del Lavoro].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alessio, L; Cortesi, I; Materzanini, P; Barenghi, M

    1999-01-01

    In preparing this paper we considered the articles published in La Medicina del Lavoro from 1901, its first year of publication. This scientific journal was founded in Milan, when an animated debate arose in Italy on the necessity of treating and, above all, preventing occupational diseases. In the same city, the "Clinica del Lavoro" (i.e. Institute of Occupational Medicine) was inaugurated in 1910. Its founder, Professor Luigi Devoto, had to overcome numerous obstacles caused by the hostility of the Rector of the University of Pavia--the future Nobel prize winner Camillo Golgi--and the clinicians of the main hospital of Milan, founded by Francesco Sforza in the XV century. From reading a century of articles which appeared in La Medicina del Lavoro, it is clear that for occupational physicians lead is an exemplary topic by which to evaluate the evolution of research in the field of occupational diseases. The numerous pathological features of lead poisoning, the successive therapeutic responses of physicians, and the gradual development of preventive techniques constitute a paradigm that has subsequently been applied to all other fields of industrial toxicology. Reading the papers of 100 years gives a clear picture of the evolution of clinical syndromes over the decades. The pathological picture of lead poisoning gradually became less serious and progressively changed into aspecific, subclinical manifestations. The categories of workers in which lead poisoning had a high incidence changed over the years: painters, printers and munition makers had the highest incidence in the first three decades of this century; afterwards, those engaged in lead smelting, alloy production, painters, and in the last few decades those employed in battery, ceramic and PVC production. Prevention consisted mainly of early diagnosis of lead poisoning and instruction in proper hygiene measures. Later, in 1929, insurance of occupational diseases was made compulsory in Italy, and among the

  3. Prefazione al volume 9 di Gerbertus in Transitu Mercurii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    2016-05-01

    The papers published in this volume deal with historical and contemporary themes of physics and astronomy, always with the focus in didactics, as in the style of Gerbert of Aurillac, "rogatus a pluribus" (required by several students to write down the basics of new sciences). 1. Christopher Columbus in the voyage to America of 1492 discovered the deviation of the Magnetic North from the Celestial North; his measurements could have been done with the technology available to Gerbert, here we present the astronomical aspects of them. 2. On the meridian line of Santa Maria degli Angeli (1702) we repeated the experiences of Cassini in characterizing the refraction of the atmosphere by the difference between observed and calculated positions of the center of the Sun: 3. The collection of astronomical instruments in the Vatican Museums gives the opportunity to present the role of Astronomy in Catholic Church, starting from the calculation of Easter, present in the Chair of Hyppolitus. 4. The Eucharistic Miracle in Lanciano is dated VIII century AD, and the recognition of 1574 found the miracle of weights, where the five drops weigthed like one only. A discussion on that result is made on the light of sensibility of the scales of that time, which does not depart from the one of Gerbert's time. 5. The climate of X century allowed crossing the Alps: Luigi Mariani presents parallel evidences. 6. A list of 44 questions aswered by Paolo Rossi on modern physics/astrophysics is presented as a wish list of the level of culture of a secondary student. Three decades ago these topics were achievable only to University students: now are part of the public opinion, and a new framework has to be set by the teachers. 7. The dynamics of a micro-probe sent to alpha Centauri in 20 years is studied numerically. 8. The azimut of the Pyramid Cestia and 9. the height of the Vatican obelisk are studied exploiting solar ephemerides 10. The phases of pollen production of Cypress for 2016 are

  4. Detection of fluorescent organic nanoparticles by confocal laser endomicroscopy in a rat model of Barrett’s esophageal adenocarcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dassie E

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Elisa Dassie,1,2,* Diletta Arcidiacono,2,3,* Iga Wasiak,4 Nunzio Damiano,5 Luigi Dall’Olmo,6 Cinzia Giacometti,7 Sonia Facchin,3 Mauro Cassaro,7 Ennio Guido,8 Franca De Lazzari,8 Oriano Marin,9,10 Tomasz Ciach,4 Suzanne Fery-Forgues,11,12 Alfredo Alberti,1,2 Giorgio Battaglia,13 Stefano Realdon13 1Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padua, 2Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine, 3Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy; 4Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland; 5Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padua, Padua, 6Department of Emergency Medicine, “Santi Giovanni e Paolo” Hospital, Venice, 7Anatomic Pathology Unit, ULSS 15, Alta Padovana, Camposampiero, 8Gastroenterology Unit, Sant’Antonio Hospital, 9Interdepartmental Research Centre for Innovative Biotechnologies (CRIBI, University of Padua, 10Proteomics Facility, Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova, Padua, 11CNRS, ITAV-USR 3505, Toulouse, France; 12Université de Toulouse, ITAV-USR 3505, Toulouse, France; 13Endoscopy Unit, Veneto Institute of Oncology (IOV-IRCCS, Padua, Italy *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: For many years, novel strategies for cancer detection and treatment using nanoparticles (NPs have been developed. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is the sixth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries, and despite recent advances in early detection and treatment, its prognosis is still very poor. This study investigated the use of fluorescent organic NPs as potential diagnostic tool in an experimental in vivo model of Barrett’s esophageal adenocarcinoma. NPs were made of modified polysaccharides loaded with [4-(dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(4-dimethylaminostyryl-4H-pyran] (DCM, a well-known fluorescent dye. The NP periphery might or might not be decorated with ASYNYDA peptide that has an affinity for esophageal cancer cells

  5. The Origins of the Etruscans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Agostini

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available During the Humanist period there was a development of the historical studies as well as epigraphic and archaeological investigations. It was then that the first hypotheses about the origins of the Etruscans appeared. Yet, the more or less scientific approaches to the question of the origins made their appearance in the eighteenth century and they took three different directions. The one theory assumes an oriental origin, the second one a northern origin and the third one presupposes that the Etruscans are an autochthonous people. The first theory is based on the tradition handed down to us by Herodotus, who narrates the migration of a group of Lydians under the guidance of Tyrrhenos, son of king Atys, and this one would be the reason why the Greeks called the Etruscans “Tyrrhenians”. Although having been rejected by modern criticism, this idea found some support in the discovery of epigraphic material in the Isle of Lemnos, in front of the Lydian seaside. The writing and some linguistic elements of the Lemnian epigraphs are very similar to the language spoken by the Etruscans. Other historians, setting out from the great number of objects of oriental origin and, generally speaking, on the culture of the VII and VI century BC which was strongly influenced by eastern elements, spoke emphatically in favour of an oriental origin. According to the latter historians, such an abundance of eastern cultural elements could only be explained by a mass immigration in Etruria of a people coming from the East. Another theory, based on the archaeological studies of the paleo-ethnologist Luigi Pigorini, hypothesizes a southward migration of Etruscan and Italic peoples coming from the north. These peoples are assumed to have introduced in Italy the ritual of incineration or cremation, which partly ousted inhumation. This theory, which did not enjoy much favour, assumes that the Etruscan element is connected with the Villanovan. The third theory, going back

  6. Presentación - Minga-Mutirão de Revistas de Teología latinoamericanas - A los 40 años de la Teología de la Liberación: balance y futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Maria Vigil

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available KOINONIA/ASETTMINGA/MUTIRÃO DE REVISTAS DE TEOLOGIA LATINO-AMERICANASÍndice del número colectivo Minga-Mutirão de Revistas Latinoamericanas de Teología 2013, «A los 40 años de la Teología de la Liberación: balance y futuro»VIGIL, José Maria. Presentación. BARROS, Marcelo; VIGIL, José Maria. Anunciaron su muerte, ¡pero está bien viva! Teología de la Liberación 40 años: balance y perspectivas. SUSIN, Luiz Carlos, Secretario Executivo do Foro Mundial de Teologia e Libertação, Porto Alegre, Brasil, Teologia da Libertação: de onde viemos, para onde vamos? ALMEIDA, Antonio José de, Teologia da Libertação e transições eclesiasis pendentes para o futuro. ARAGÃO, Gilbraz, Recife, Brasil, A Libertação se desdobra em diálogo. Teologia da Libertação e pluralismo religioso. BARROS, Marcelo, Recife, Brasil, Para una teología bolivariana de la Liberación. Teología de la Liberación y Patria Grande hoy. SCHIAVO, Luigi, San José, Costa Rica, Tiempos oscuros, tiempos de monstruos. Teología de la Liberación y nuevos desafíos culturales. OSORIO, Sergio, Bogotá, Colombia, Una nueva dimensión epistemológica para la teología. La Teología de la Liberación y el desafío epistemológico. RODRIGUES SILVA Marcos, Coordenador da Comissão de Teologia Afro da ASETT, Teologia Afro (ou Negra da Libertação: balanço e perspectivas. TOMICHÁ, Roberto, Cochabamba, Bolivia, Teologías de la liberación indígenas. VÉLEZ, Consuelo, Coordinadora de la Comisión de Teología Feminista de la ASETT, Universidad Xaveriana, Bogotá, Colombia, Teología feminista latinoamericana de la Liberación: balance y futuro. KERBER, Guillermo: Teología de la liberación y movimiento ecuménico. CASTILLO, Jorge, panameño profesor de teología en la Universidad de Nijmegen, Holanda, Teología de la liberación y «cristianismo mundial». VIGIL, José María, Panamá, Panamá, Teología de la Liberación en camino hacia nuevos paradigmas.

  7. Cost-effectiveness analysis of dolutegravir plus backbone compared with raltegravir plus backbone, darunavir+ritonavir plus backbone and efavirenz/tenofovir/emtricitabine in treatment naïve and experienced HIV-positive patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Restelli U

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Umberto Restelli,1,2 Giuliano Rizzardini,3,4 Andrea Antinori,5 Adriano Lazzarin,6 Marzia Bonfanti,1 Paolo Bonfanti,7 Davide Croce1,2 1Centre for Research on Health Economics, Social and Health Care Management, LIUC – Università Cattaneo, Castellanza, Varese, Italy; 2School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; 3First and Second Divisions of Infectious Diseases, “Luigi Sacco” Hospital, Milan, Italy; 4School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; 5National Institute for Infectious Diseases “L Spallanzani”, Rome, 6Department of Infectious Diseases, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, 7Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, A Manzoni Hospital, Lecco, Italy Background: In January 2014, the European Medicines Agency issued a marketing authorization for dolutegravir (DTG, a second-generation integrase strand transfer inhibitor for HIV treatment. The study aimed at determining the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER of the use of DTG+backbone compared with raltegravir (RAL+backbone, darunavir (DRV+ritonavir(r+backbone and efavirenz/tenofovir/emtricitabine (EFV/TDF/FTC in HIV-positive treatment-naïve patients and compared with RAL+backbone in treatment-experienced patients, from the Italian National Health Service’s point of view.Materials and methods: A published Monte Carlo Individual Simulation Model (ARAMIS-DTG model was used to perform the analysis. Patients pass through mutually exclusive health states (defined in terms of diagnosis of HIV with or without opportunistic infections [OIs] and cardiovascular disease [CVD] and successive lines of therapy. The model considers costs (2014 and quality of life per monthly cycle in a lifetime horizon. Costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs are dependent on OI, CVD, AIDS events, adverse events and antiretroviral therapies.Results: In

  8. Centocinquant'anni di cultura storico-antichistica in Piemonte (dalla restaurazione agli anni sessanta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lellia CRACCO RUGGINI

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se ha comenzado a partir de los entusiasmos egiptizantes avivados en Turin por la estancia de Jean-François Champollion en 1824-25 para estudiar papiros, inscripciones, monumentos jeroglíficos y coptos de excepcional importancia, que los Saboya habían adquirido hacía poco con la colección de Bernardino Drovetti y que habían depositado en el Museo de Antigüedades. El orgullo «patrio» suscitado por el descubrimiento de estos tesoros tuvo consecuencias en las investigaciones y en la enseñanza de la Historia Antigua, que se caracterizaron entonces, sobre todo,como investigación de la arqueología del próximo y medio Oriente. En semejante contexto tuvo lugar en 1848, en el marco de las reformas de las Bibliotecas, Academias y Universidades que en aquellos años llevó a cabo Carlos Alberto, la institución de la primera cátedra de Historia Antigua y Arqueología en la Facultad de Letras de Turin (Francesco Barucchi, director del Museo de Antigüedades y Egipcio desde 1835 hasta su muerte en 1869, catedrático de 1848 a 1861. Este fue el lento tránsito, en la Universidad, de una enseñanza histórica peculiarmente intensa como escuela de «elocuencia» a una actividad didáctica formativa, además de secamente informativa, fundamentada en concretas bases filológicas que hasta entonces se habían cultivado, de una manera u otra, tan sólo al margen de la Universidad, en las Academias, por personalidades científicas como el helenista-orientalista Amedeo Peyron o el jurista (alumno suyo Cario Baudi di Vesme. Al mismo tiempo, también se iba incrementando el interés hacia los monumentos epigráficos, arqueológicos y documentales localizables in loco e idóneos para ilustrar glorias regionales antiquísimas (prerromanas, romanas y romano-bárbaras, en dialéctica con intereses geográfico-etnográficos que incitaba, por entonces, la evolución de la situación política, económica y social (Luigi Schiaparelli, catedrático de

  9. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Nederveen Pieterse

    1991-04-01

    övel, V. Heeschen (eds. - M. Heins, K. Epskamp, Populaire cultuur op de planken; Theater, communicatie en Derde Wereld. Den Haag: CSEO Paperback no. 6, 1989., R. van ‘t Rood (eds. - Huub de Jonge, Thomas Höllman, Tabak in Südostasien; Ein ethnographisch-historischer Überblick, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1988. Bibl., tab., ill., append., 233 pp., - Nico de Jonge, Jowa Imre Kis-Jovak, Banua Toraja; Changing patterns in architecture and symbolism among the Sa’dan Toraja, Sulawesi - Indonesia. Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute, 1988, 135 pp., Hetty Nooy-Palm, Reimar Schefold (eds. - L. Laeyendecker, Jeffrey C. Alexander, Durkheimian sociology: Cultural analysis, Cambridge etc.: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 227 pp. - Thomas Lindblad, W.A.I.M. Segers, Changing economy in Indonesia. A selection of statistical source material from the early 19th century up to 1940. Vol 8. Manufacturing industry 1870-1942. Amsterdam, 1987. 224 pp. - C.L.J. van der Meer, Akira Suehiro, Capital accumulation in Thailand 1855-1985, The Centre for East Asian Cultural Studies, Tokyo, 1989. xviii + 427 pp., maps, figs, app. - Niels Mulder, Nancy Eberhardt, Gender, power, and the construction of the moral order: Studies from the Thai periphery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Monograph 4, 1988. viii + 100 pages, softcover. - Gert Oostindie, Jan Nederveen Pieterse, Wit over zwart; Beelden van Afrika en zwarten in de Westerse populaire cultuur. Amsterdam: Koninklijk Insituut voor de Tropen, 1990. 259 pp., ills. - Gert Oostindie, Raymond Corbey, Wildheid en beschaving; De Europese verbeelding van Afrika. Baarn: Ambo, 1989. 182 pp., ills. - R. Ploeg, Inga Clendinnen, Ambivalent conquests; Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1517-1570, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. xi + 243 pp. - S.O. Robson, Luigi Santa Maria, Papers from the III European Colloquium on Malay and Indonesian Studies. Istituto Universitario Orientale, Dipartimento di Studi Asiatici

  10. The Project Serapis: High Resolution Seismic Imagingof The Campi Flegrei Caldera Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zollo, A.; Virieux, J.; Capuano, P.; Chiarabba, C.; de Franco, R.; Makris, J.; Michelini, A.; Musacchio, G.; Serapis Group

    expected NE-SW and SE-NW structural trends and it has been designed to get 2D/3D images of the crustal structure at a regional scale. A denser 2D network of 35 OBSs has been deployed in the bay of Pozzuoli aimed at detecting and modeling reflected/converted waves from 1 the possible shallow to deep discontinuities beneath the Campi Flegrei caldera. The main target of this particular receiver lay-out is the detailed imaging of the magma chamber top, expected at 4-5 km depth, according to temperature measurements in wells and sparse seismic observations. About 5000 shots have been performed dur- ing the SERAPIS experiment, at an average spatial spacing of 125 m, for a total ship travel path of 620 km. All of the seismic lines have been re-sampled at least twice, using a staggered configuration, which results in a smaller source spacing (less than 65m). In the gulf of Pozzuoli the source array had a geometry of a 5x5 km grid, slightly shifted south with respect to the OBS array. Seismic signals produced by air- guns have been well detected up to 50-60 km distance and the whole Campi Flegrei, Ischia and Procida on-land networks have recorded high quality seismograms pro- duced by the gridded source array in the bay of Pozzuoli. Due to the extended and very dense source and receiver arrays used for SERAPIS, this campaign can provide an innovative contribution to the accurate reconstruction of the Campi Flegrei caldera structure and to the definition of its feeding system at depth. *SERAPIS group: Auger Emmanuel, Bernard Marie-Lise, Bobbio Antonella, Bonagura Mariateresa, Cantore Luciana, Convertito Vincenzo, D'Auria Luca, De Matteis Raffaella, Emolo Anto- nio, Festa Gaetano, Gasparini Paolo, Giberti Grazia, Herrero Andre, Improta Luigi, Lancieri Maria Flora, Nielsen Stefan, Nisii Vincenzo, Russo Guido, Satriano Clau- dio, Simini Mariella, Vassallo Maurizio, Bruno Pier Paolo, Buonocunto Ciro, Capello Marco, Del Pezzo Edoardo, Galluzzo Danilo, Gaudiosi Germana, Giuliana Alessio

  11. Las Sinapsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eduardo Duque Parra

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Introducción

    El estudio del sistema nervioso considera entre múltiples conexiones, aquéllas de carácter bioquímico que se median a través de sustancias elaboradas por las neuronas y que reciben la denominación de neurotransmisores’, dichas sustancias se vierten en las zonas de resquicio neuromuscular, neuroneuronal o neuroglandular, para modificar las condiciones de membrana y permitir la continuidad de los potenciales de acción (por creación de nuevos potenciales en las células subsiguientes, de la neurona hacia el órgano blanco.

    La integridad de los diversos elementos de la “zona de unión funcional” o sinapsis, asegura la adecuada comunicación entre el sistema nervioso y la mayoría de los elementos restantes del organismo humano.

    Las alteraciones de los elementos de las sinapsis, conllevan a la génesis de estados variables fisiológicos y patológicos somáticos, psicosomáticos o psíquicos, inconsecuentes con el estado de homeostasis.

    Las moléculas que se vierten en las hendiduras sinápticas, sirven, por tanto, de transductoras para efectos elementales (como los reflejos y en las estrategias complejas (como los de la actividad intelectual.

    Antecedentes

    Ya desde los tiempos de Galeno, se sabía que los nervios eran los responsables de la rápida comunicación entre el cuerpo y el cerebro; el estudio de las sinapsis nos remonta de manera indirecta a
    1791, fecha en la que Luigi Galvani, descubrió en sus experimentos con ancas de ranas, que entre los eventos eléctricos y los ocurridos en los nervios, existía una relación evidente (28,37,45’, los experimentos de Galvani se han refinado con el paso del tiempo, en nuestro siglo por ejemplo, el desarrollo del osciloscopio de rayos catódicos combinado con un amplificador potente, ha permitido medir las débiles y variables corrientes bioeléctricas de los

  12. William Shakespeare and Slovene dramatists (III: (1930-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Jurak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In the final part of my study I shall present Shakespeare's influence on Slovene dramatists from the 1930s to the present time. In this period an almost unbelievable growth in Slovene cultural activities took place. This is also reflected in a very large number of new Slovene playwrights who have written in this time, in their international orientation in dramatic art as well as in the constantly growing number of permanent (and ad hoc theatre companies. Communication regarding new theatrical tendencies not only in Europe but also in the United States of America and % during the past decades % also in its global dimension has become much easiers than in previous periods and this resulted also in the application of new dramatic visions in playwriting and in theatrical productions in Slovenia. These new movements include new techniques in writing, such as symbolism, futurism, expressionism, constructivism, surrealism, political drama, the theatre of the absurd and postmodernism, which have become apparent both in new literary techniques and in new forms of production. In this period Classical drama still preserved an important role in major Slovene theatres. Plays written by Greek playwrights, as well as plays written by Shakespeare, Molière, Schiller etc. still constitute a very relevant part of the repertoire in Slovene theatres. Besides, Slovene theatres have also performed many plays written by modern playwrights, as for example by Oscar Wilde, L. N. Tolstoy, I. S. Turgenev, Henrik Ibsen, August Strindberg, G. Hauptmann, G. Büchner, G. B. Shaw, A. P. Chekhov, John Galsworthy, Luigi Pirandello, Eugene O'Neill and many other contemporary playwrights. In the period after the Second World War the influence of American dramatists has been constantly growing. This variety also resulted in the fact that direct influence of Shakespeare and his plays upon Slovene dramatists became less frequent and less noticeable than it had been before. Plays

  13. Segnalazioni/Informes/Rapports/Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Monegato

    2013-05-01

    , Barcelona, Anagrama, 2012, 434 pp. ISBN 978-84-339-2597-8 José “Cheche” Campos Dávila, Ajum decía mi abuela , Lima, Editorial San Marcos, 2011, 199 pp. ISBN 978-612-302-676-9 Joseph Gelfer (ed., 2012 Decoding the Countercultural Apocalypse, Oakville and Sheffield, Equinox Publishing Ltd, 2011, 203 pp ISBN 978-1-84553-639-8 Juan Pablo Sutherland, Cielo dandi. Escrituras y poéticas de estilo en América latina, Buenos Aires, Eterna Cadencia, 2011, 284 pp. ISBN 978-987-1673-46-9 Luigi Cimmino, Daniele Dottorini, Giorgio Pangaro, Dal cuore di tenebra all'Apocalisse. Francis Ford Coppola legge Joseph Conrad, Soveria Mannelli, Rubbettino Editore, 2011, 205 pp. ISBN 978-884-982-907-5 Mariacristina Cavecchi, Cerchi e cicli: sulle forme della memoria in Ulisse, Piccola Biblioteca Joyciana, Roma, Bulzoni, 2012, 96 pp. ISBN 978-88-7870-723-8 Mauro Giori (ed., Poetica e prassi della trasgressione in Luchino Visconti. 1935-1962 , Milano, Lampi di stampa, 2011, 346 pp. ISBN 978-88-488-1277-1 Michela Bassanelli e Gennaro Postiglione (eds., The Atlantikwall As Military Archeological Landscape / L’Atlantikwall come paesaggio di archeologia militare , Siracusa, LetteraVentidue, 2011, 207 pp. ISBN 978-88-6242-041-9 Neil Campbell e Alasdair Kean (eds., American Cultural Studies. An Introduction to American Culture , London, Routledge, 2011, 376 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-59871-2 Silvia Antosa (ed., Queer Crossings. Theories, Bodies, Texts , Milano Mimesis, 2012, 195 pp. ISBN 978-885-750-939-6 Silvia Antosa, Crossing Boundaries: Bodily Paradigms in Jeanette Winterson's Fiction . 1985-2000 , Roma, Aracne, 2008, 224 pp. ISBN 978-885-481-682-4 Silvia Gianni, Tendenze della critica letteraria e narrativa centroamericana degli ultimi anni , Roma, Aracne editrice, 2011, 361 pp. ISBN 978-88-548-4027-0 Silvia Ross, Tuscan Spaces. Literary Contstructions of Place, Toronto/Buffalo/London, University of Toronto Press, 2010, 224 pp. ISBN 978-1-4426-3998-0 Valentina Agostinis, Londra chiama. Otto

  14. Discurso del 24 de julio de 1947 ante la Asamblea Constituyente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedetto Croce

    2015-07-01

    , dimitiendo el 27 de julio; a su parecer, lo oportuno hubiera sido la abdicación directa del rey, la renuncia de su hijo y la asunción de las tareas de gobierno por parte de Carlo Sforza, quien a la sazón había aceptado la oferta de Ivanoe Bonomi de unirse a su gobierno provisional. Elegido para formar parte de la Asamblea Constituyente (del 25 de junio de 1946 al 31 de enero de 1948, encargada entre otras tareas, de elaborar la Constitución de la República Italiana, Croce ostentó la presidencia del Partido Liberal hasta el 30 de noviembre de 1947, rechazando ser el candidato al cargo de Jefe provisional del Estado, al tiempo que renunciaba también, a propuesta de Luigi Einaudi, a ser nombrado senador vitalicio. De esta última fase de su carrera política, de la que estas líneas no son más que unos breves hilos conductores, destaca su firme oposición a las injustas condiciones impuestas a Italia por los aliados en el Tratado de Paz de París. En este sentido, el célebre discurso dado ante el Asamblea Constituyente el 24 de julio de 1947 que aquí reproducimos, no solo es solo un testimonio valiosísimo en la historia de Italia, sino una muestra más de las grandes dotes de orador del Croce político.

  15. ROSAT Discovers Unique, Distant Cluster of Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-06-01

    measured (by obtaining spectra of the arcs and measuring their redshift). The masses of galaxy clusters are important for the determination, for instance of the mean density and distribution of matter in the universe. This is because these clusters are the most massive, clearly defined objects known and as such trace these parameters in the universe on very large scales. Another possibility to derive the cluster mass is offered by X-ray observations, because the distribution of the hot, X-ray emitting gas traces the gravitational field of the cluster. Recently, in some clusters there has been a discrepancy between the mass determined in this way and that found from gravitational lensing effects. The team of astronomers now hopes that follow-up X-ray observations of RXJ1347.5-1145 will help to solve this puzzle. Moreover, the combination of extremely high X-ray brightness and the possibility to perform a rather accurate mass determination by the gravitational lensing effect makes this particular cluster a truly unique object. In view of the exceptional X-ray brightness, a very high mass is expected. The exact determination will be possible, as soon as spectra have been obtained of the two arcs. Contrary to what is the case in other clusters, this will not be so difficult, due to their unusual brightness and their ideal geometrical configuration. [1] This is a joint Press Release of ESO and the Max-Planck-Society. It is accompanied by a B/W photo. [2] The investigation described in this Press Release is the subject of a Letter to the Editor which will soon appear in the European journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, with the following authors: Sabine Schindler (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Garching, Germany), Hans Boehringer, Doris M. Neumann and Ulrich G. Briel (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany), Luigi Guzzo (Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate, Italy), Guido Chincarini

  16. Charting the Giants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    the very massive galaxy cluster RXCJ1131.9-1955 at redshift z = 0.306 [3] in a very rich galaxy field with two major concentrations. It was originally found by George Abell and designated "Abell 1300". The image was obtained with the ESO/MPG 2.2-m telescope and the WFI camera at La Silla. ESO PR Photo 18c/04 ESO PR Photo 18c/04 Galaxy Cluster RXCJ0937.9-2020 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 746 pix - 60k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 1491 pix - 1.3M] [HiRes - JPEG: 2380 x 4437 pix - 14.2M] Caption: PR Photo 18c/04 shows the much smaller, more nearby galaxy group RXCJ0937.9-2020 at a redshift of z = 0.034 [3]. It is dominated by the massive elliptical galaxy seen at the top of the image. The photo covers only the southern part of this group. Such galaxy groups with typical masses of a few 1013 solar masses constitute the smallest objects included in the REFLEX catalogue. This image was obtained with the FORS1 multi-mode instrument on the ESO 8.2-m VLT Antu telescope. ESO PR Video Clip 05/04 ESO PR Video Clip 05/04 Galaxy Clusters in the REFLEX Catalogue (3D-visualization) [MPG - 11.7Mb] Caption: ESO PR Video Clip 05/04 illustrates the three-dimensional distribution of the galaxy clusters identfied in the ROSAT All-Sky survey in the northern and southern sky. In addition to the galaxy clusters in the REFLEX catalogue this movie also contains those identified during the ongoing, deeper search for X-ray clusters: the extension of the southern REFLEX Survey and the northern complementary survey that is conducted by the MPE team at the Calar Alto observatory and at US observatories in collaboration with John Huchra and coworkers at the Harvard-Smithonian Center for Astrophysics. In total, more than 1400 X-ray bright galaxy cluster have been found to date. (Prepared by Ferdinand Jamitzky.) Following this idea, a European team of astronomers [2], under the leadership of Hans Böhringer (MPE, Garching, Germany), Luigi Guzzo (INAF, Milano, Italy), Chris A. Collins (JMU, Liverpool), and Peter

  17. PREFACE: Nonlinearity and Geometry: connections with integrability Nonlinearity and Geometry: connections with integrability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cieslinski, Jan L.; Ferapontov, Eugene V.; Kitaev, Alexander V.; Nimmo, Jonathan J. C.

    2009-10-01

    Geometric ideas are present in many areas of modern theoretical physics and they are usually associated with the presence of nonlinear phenomena. Integrable nonlinear systems play a prime role both in geometry itself and in nonlinear physics. One can mention general relativity, exact solutions of the Einstein equations, string theory, Yang-Mills theory, instantons, solitons in nonlinear optics and hydrodynamics, vortex dynamics, solvable models of statistical physics, deformation quantization, and many others. Soliton theory now forms a beautiful part of mathematics with very strong physical motivations and numerous applications. Interactions between mathematics and physics associated with integrability issues are very fruitful and stimulating. For instance, spectral theories of linear quantum mechanics turned out to be crucial for studying nonlinear integrable systems. The modern theory of integrable nonlinear partial differential and difference equations, or the `theory of solitons', is deeply rooted in the achievements of outstanding geometers of the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, such as Luigi Bianchi (1856-1928) and Jean Gaston Darboux (1842-1917). Transformations of surfaces and explicit constructions developed by `old' geometers were often rediscovered or reinterpreted in a modern framework. The great progress of recent years in so-called discrete geometry is certainly due to strong integrable motivations. A very remarkable feature of the results of the classical integrable geometry is the quite natural (although nontrivial) possibility of their discretization. This special issue is dedicated to Jean Gaston Darboux and his pioneering role in the development of the geometric ideas of modern soliton theory. The most famous aspects of his work are probably Darboux transformations and triply orthogonal systems of surfaces, whose role in modern mathematical physics cannot be overestimated. Indeed, Darboux transformations play a central

  18. ESO Council Visits First VLT Unit Telescope Structure in Milan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-12-01

    ), Luigi Guiffrida (SOIMI), Gianpietro Marchiori (EIE) and Prof. Massimo Tarenghi (ESO), describing the very successful implementation of this major VLT contract that was awarded by ESO in September 1991 [2]. All speakers praised the good collaboration between ESO and its industrial partners and Prof. Riccardo Giacconi , Director General of ESO, expressed his satisfaction `with the splendid performance of the ESO-Industry team which was bringing us close to the realisation of the premier telescope array in optical ground-based astronomy in the world'. The participants were also pleased to listen to several of the Italian engineers present who commented on the very positive experience of being personally involved in the world's largest telescope project. The VLT telescope structures incorporate many new technological concepts. Thanks to these and careful planning of the many components and their integration, it has been possible to achieve, among others, light weight construction, high mechanical stiffness, good thermal equilibrium with the ambient air (of importance for the seeing during the observations), low electromagnetic emissitivity (i.e. low interference with the sensitive astronomical instruments) and easy maintainability. Of particular interest is also the giant, direct drive system with a diameter of 9 metres and the sophisticated, innovative laser encoder system. In this way, there is no direct contact between the moving parts and the friction during the rotation is kept at an absolute minimum. The Next Steps The ESO VLT project is now entering into a decisive phase and the next years will see an increasing number of telescope parts and instruments from the scientific and industrial laboratories of Europe converging towards the VLT observatory at Cerro Paranal in Chile. It is gratifying that, despite its high degree of complexity and incorporation of a substantial number of new technologies, the project is within schedule and budget. There will be several

  19. The Dark Side of Nature: the Crime was Almost Perfect

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    Astrofisico di Arcetri, Italy), Guido Chincarini (INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera & Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy), Nino Panagia (Space Telescope Science Institute, USA), Gianpiero Tagliaferri, Dino Fugazza, Sergio Campana, Stefano Covino, and Paolo D'Avanzo (INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy), Daniele Malesani (SISSA/ISAS, Italy and Dark Cosmology Centre, Copenhagen), Vincenzo Testa, L. Angelo Antonelli, Silvia Piranomonte, and Luigi Stella (INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Italy), Vanessa Mangano (INAF/IASF Palermo, Italy), Kevin Hurley (University of California, Berkeley, USA), I. Felix Mirabel (ESO), and Leonardo J. Pellizza (Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio). The Danish-led team is composed of Johan P. U. Fynbo, Darach Watson, Christina C. Thöne, Tamara M. Davis, Jens Hjorth, José Mará Castro Cerón, Brian L. Jensen, Maximilian D. Stritzinger, and Dong Xu (Dark Cosmology Centre, University of Copenhagen, Denmark), Jesper Sollerman (Dark Cosmology Centre and Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, Sweden), Uffe G. Jørgensen, Tobias C. Hinse, and Kristian G. Woller (Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen), Joshua S. Bloom, Daniel Kocevski, Daniel Perley (Department of Astronomy, University of California at Berkeley, USA), Páll Jakobsson (Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, UK), John F. Graham and Andrew S. Fruchter (Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, USA), David Bersier (Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, UK), Lisa Kewley (University of Hawaii, Institute of Astronomy, USA), Arnaud Cassan and Marta Zub (Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Germany), Suzanne Foley (School of Physics, University College Dublin, Ireland), Javier Gorosabel (Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, Granada, Spain), Keith D. Horne (SUPA Physics/Astronomy, University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK), Sylvio

  20. List of Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    Mohab Abou ZeidVrije Universiteit, Brussel Joke AdamKatholieke Universiteit Leuven Nikolas AkerblomMax-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Luis Fernando Alday Utrecht University Stelios Alexandris University of Patras Antonio Amariti Università di Milano-Bicocca Nicola Ambrosetti Université de Neuchâtel Pascal Anastasopoulos Università di Roma Tor Vergata Laura Andrianopoli Enrico Fermi Center Carlo Angelantonj Università di Torino Lilia Anguelova Queen Mary, University of London Daniel AreanUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela Gleb ArutyunovUtrecht University Spyros Avramis NTU Athens—University of Patras Ioannis Bakas University of Patras Subrata Bal Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies Igor Bandos Valencia University Jessica Barrett University of Iceland Marco Baumgartl Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Jacopo Bechi Università di Firenze James Bedford Queen Mary, University of London Jorge Bellorin Universidad Autonoma de Madrid Francesco Benini SISSA, Trieste Eric Bergshoeff Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen Gaetano BertoldiUniversity of Wales, Swansea Adel Bilal Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, École Normale Superieure, Paris Matthias Blau Université de Neuchâtel Johannes BroedelUniversität Hannover Felix Brümmer Universität Heidelberg Julio Cesar Bueno de Andrade São Paulo State University—UNESP Cliff Burgess McMaster University Agostino Butti Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, École Normale Superieure, Paris Marco Caldarelli Universitat de Barcelona Pablo G Camara Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau Joan Camps Universitat de Barcelona Felipe Canoura FernandezUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela Luigi Cappiello Università di Napoli Federico II Luca Carlevaro École Polytechnique, Palaiseau Roberto Casero Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau Claudio Caviezel Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Alessio Celi Universitat de Barcelona Anna

  1. A Tale of Two Populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    the primordial 24% value (created by the Big Bang) to the present solar 28% value, and yet in a globular cluster that formed only 1 or 2 billion years after the Big Bang, stars were produced with 39% of helium! Contamination from supernovae ESO PR Photo 08d/05 ESO PR Photo 08d/05 The Supernova Scenario [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 483 pix - 33k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 966 pix - 371k] [Full Res - JPEG: 2332 x 2816 pix - 1.9M] Caption: ESO PR Photo 08d/05 shows the possible scenario that may explain the production of two distinct populations of stars in Omega Centauri. The obvious question is now: "Where does all this helium come from?" Luigi Bedin (ESO), another member of the team, suggests that the solution might be connected to supernovae: "The scenario we presently favour is one in which the high helium content originates from material ejected during the supernovae explosions of massive stars. It is possible that the total mass of Omega Centauri was just right to allow the material expelled by high-mass supernovae to escape, while the matter from explosions of stars with about 10-12 times the mass of the Sun was retained." According to this scenario, Omega Centauri must therefore have seen two generations of stars. The first generation, with primordial helium abundance, produced the redder stars. A few tens of million years later, the most massive stars of this first generation exploded as supernovae. The helium-enriched matter that was expelled during the explosions of stars with 10-12 times the mass of the Sun "polluted" the globular cluster. Then a second population of stars, the bluer ones, formed from this helium-rich gas. The scientists acknowledge that certain problems still remain and that the last word may not yet have been said about this unusual globular cluster. But the new results constitute an important step towards the solution of the biggest mystery of all: why is Omega Centauri the only one among the galactic globular cluster that was able to produce super

  2. Southern Fireworks above ESO Telescopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-05-01

    And Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) onboard NASA's Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) high in orbit around the Earth, suddenly registered an intense burst of gamma-ray radiation from a direction less than 10° from the celestial south pole. Independently, the Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GRBM) on board the Italian-Dutch BeppoSAX satellite also detected the event (see GCN GRB Observation Report 304 [2]). Following the BATSE alert, the BeppoSAX Wide-Field Cameras (WFC) quickly localized the sky position of the burst within a circle of 3 arcmin radius in the southern constellation Chamaeleon. It was also detected by other satellites, including the ESA/NASA Ulysses spacecraft , since some years in a wide orbit around the Sun. The event was designated GRB 990510 and the measured position was immediately distributed by BeppoSAX Mission Scientist Luigi Piro to a network of astronomers. It was also published on Circular No. 7160 of the International Astronomical Union (IAU). From Amsterdam (The Netherlands), Paul Vreeswijk, Titus Galama , and Evert Rol of the Amsterdam/Huntsville GRB follow-up team (led by Jan van Paradijs ) immediately contacted astronomers at the 1-meter telescope of the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) (Sutherland, South Africa) of the PLANET network microlensing team, an international network led by Penny Sackett in Groningen (The Netherlands). There, John Menzies of SAAO and Karen Pollard (University of Canterbury, New Zealand) were about to begin the last of their 14 nights of observations, part of a continuous world-wide monitoring program looking for evidence of planets around other stars. Other PLANET sites in Australia and Tasmania where it was still nighttime were unfortunately clouded out (some observations were in fact made that night at the Mount Stromlo observatory in Australia, but they were only announced one day later). As soon as possible - immediately after sundown and less than 9 hours after the initial burst was recorded