WorldWideScience

Sample records for monthly electronic mailings

  1. Electronic Mail Connections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Susan A.

    1987-01-01

    Provides an overview of new developments in electronic mail, including the interconnection of online networks, some on an international level; and news on system upgrades of specific information services. The growth of the electronic mail industry and possible future trends are discussed and a glossary of technical terms is included. (CLB)

  2. Coding for Electronic Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, R. F.; Lee, J. J.

    1986-01-01

    Scheme for coding facsimile messages promises to reduce data transmission requirements to one-tenth current level. Coding scheme paves way for true electronic mail in which handwritten, typed, or printed messages or diagrams sent virtually instantaneously - between buildings or between continents. Scheme, called Universal System for Efficient Electronic Mail (USEEM), uses unsupervised character recognition and adaptive noiseless coding of text. Image quality of resulting delivered messages improved over messages transmitted by conventional coding. Coding scheme compatible with direct-entry electronic mail as well as facsimile reproduction. Text transmitted in this scheme automatically translated to word-processor form.

  3. TIS - Beyond Electronic Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    AD-AI06 764 AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH F/G 17/2 TIS - BEYOND ELECTRONIC MAIL .(U) 1979 D L OLSON, N T FLYNN, M I DARWISH...79-22§1_ 4~~~~~~~ SIXi.m.aihl -- . TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD covERED TIS -SBeyond Electronic Mail . TlSS~cnA~r 6 PEFRI4 O11G. REPORT NUMBER Duane L.A:o...single-service provisions of so-called " electronic mail ." Approaches to be used in implementing a TIS are considered, and a time-frame scenario is

  4. Telecommunications--Electronic Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Luke E.; Zuckerman, B. Michael

    1989-01-01

    This article identifies resources needed in order for physical education, recreation, and dance professionals to use computer-based telecommunications; discusses electronic mail; and explains how telecommunications can enhance communication in the field, both within and across professions. (IAH)

  5. UNSOLICITED ELECTRONIC MAIL

    CERN Multimedia

    Judy RICHARDS

    1999-01-01

    Since November 1997 we have been actively trying to reduce the amount of unsolicited electronic mail, commonly known as SPAM mail that arrives in CERN mailboxes. Unfortunately this is not an easy job since the spammers are constantly finding new ways of breaking our defences! Today spammers are 'forging' addresses in the headers and envelopes of mail in such a way that it is difficult to distinguish between legitimate mail and spams. An additional problem, that does not directly affect most CERN users but does use CERN resources and affects the reputation of CERN, is caused by the spammers who try to make mail look as if it comes from a CERN machine.They either try to route the mail via a CERN machine or simply forge the mail headers to a CERN address so it will have less chance of being blocked by the recipient's anti-spam defences.Although some anti-spam measures can be automated, for many someone has to look at the system logs and spam reports from users and make a human judgement as to what should be bloc...

  6. Getting started with electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Vuren, D D; Johnson, D E

    1985-01-01

    This paper gives suggestions to librarians on how to get started with electronic mail. It discusses the cost- and time-saving advantages of using electronic mail rather than TWX, United States mail, or telephones for communicating ILL requests and messages. For instance, preliminary cost data show that electronic mail is often half as expensive as TWX and costs no more than a 22 stamp. Key management concerns that must be considered when setting up electronic mail are discussed, including the need for subscribers to agree on one system. Also covered are the types of equipment that can be used with electronic mail, including print terminals. PMID:4027444

  7. Social Studies by Electronic Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Hugh

    1994-01-01

    Asserts that electronic mail provides opportunities to engage students actively in cross-cultural contact with students in other nations. Discusses advantages and problems with using electronic mail in the social studies classroom. Describes electronic mail projects that link students in New Zealand, England, and the United States. (CFR)

  8. PINE -- Electronic mail interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellor, G. R.

    The PINE mail interface is a user-friendly mail utility for Unix systems. It has been adopted by Starlink as the recommended mail utility because of its ease of use compared with the mail utilities supplied as standard with the Unix operating system. PINE is intended to be intuitive and "to be learned by exploration rather than reading manuals". Here however are a few brief notes to get you started.

  9. The use of electronic mail in biomedical communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, R; Shaw, A; Cheetham, R; Moots, R J

    2000-01-01

    To determine whether there are statistically significant differences in the content of electronic mail (e-mail) and conventional mail sent to authors of papers published in medical journals. Prospective study by postal questionnaire. Over two one-month periods, corresponding authors of papers published in medical journals were asked to record details of the correspondence prompted by their publications. Conventional and e-mail correspondence received. Reprint requests. Content of correspondence. Quality of correspondence. Eighty-two of 96 authors replied. Fifty received e-mail (mean, 5.7+/-8.8 e-mails per author) and 72 received conventional mail (15.5+/-32.8 letters per author) (p electronic mail. However, the content of e-mail may be of greater scientific relevance. Electronic mail can be encouraged without fear of diminishing the quality of the communications received.

  10. Electronic Mail for Personal Computers: Development Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomer, Christinger

    1994-01-01

    Examines competing, commercially developed electronic mail programs and how these technologies will affect the functionality and quality of electronic mail. How new standards for client-server mail systems are likely to enhance messaging capabilities and the use of electronic mail for information retrieval are considered. (Contains eight…

  11. Duke Electronic Mail Post Office A Practical Mail Linking System*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dryfoos, James D.; Hammond, William E.; Spero, Laurence A.; Rabold, Jean S.; Straube, Mark J.; Stead, William W.

    1988-01-01

    This paper describes a system designed to integrate the many different electronic mail systems in use throughout Duke University. The Duke Electronic Mail Post Office project is part of Duke University Medical Center's model for Achieving an Integrated Academic Information Management System (IAIMS). Main features of the systems, problems encountered during implementation, and future directions are presented and discussed.

  12. Simulating Policy Processes through Electronic Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, John P.

    1987-01-01

    Focuses on the use of electronic mail for teaching and learning about social welfare policy processes and compares electronic mail as a simulation medium to more structured computer applications. (Author)

  13. Electronic Mail and the Writing Instructor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawisher, Gail E.; Moran, Charles

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the growing importance of electronic mail among academicians. Offers a rhetoric and a pedagogy that include electronic mail in their fields of vision. Argues that writing instructors should continue to do research into the issues inherent in electronic mail. (HB)

  14. Using Electronic Mail to Conduct Survey Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thach, Liz

    1995-01-01

    Describes public and private online networks and the characteristics of electronic mail. Reviews the literature on survey research conducted via electronic mail, and examines the issues of design, implementation, and response. A table displays advantages and disadvantages of electronic mail surveys. (AEF)

  15. Electronic Mail in the Library: A Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitaker, Becki

    1989-01-01

    Provides an overview of electronic mail in libraries. Topics discussed include general business applications; interlibrary loan; acquisition and claims systems; document delivery; complete text journal databases; reference requests and answers; obstacles to electronic mail usage; telecommunications; cost factors; and the impact of voice mail and…

  16. Electronic mail dysfunction: a reality check.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, C J

    1999-01-01

    Computer-mediated communication systems, including electronic mail, are systems that businesses employ to improve efficiency, effectiveness, and communication within the organization. As use of these systems proliferate, it is crucial that the communication systems have a positive, rather than negative impact, on the organization. Negative behavior could include flaming and personal use of the electronic mail system. Much of prior research has examined the use of electronic mail in academic settings. Results indicate that flaming and personal use have a relative high incidence. However, is electronic mail dysfunction a consistent reality for both academia and the business world? This case study empirically examines the role of electronic messaging in business firms. Specifically, this research investigates the usage of inter-organizational electronic messaging in intermediate-size firms. Electronic mail messages were analyzed in a three-site case study. Results indicate that dysfunctional electronic mail uses such as personal use and flaming have minimal incidence in a business environment. Implications relate to organizational professionalism and the use of students as electronic mail research subjects.

  17. AstroMail: Electronic mail for the astrophysics community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherrer, Phillip H.; Bogart, Richard S.

    1993-01-01

    As part of the NASA Science Internet User Support Services program, NASA Goddard was interested in R&D which could extend the SolarMail system developed by members of the Wilcox Space Observatory at Stanford University to support a larger astrophysics user community. Specific objectives of the R&D effort were to include: a clone of the existing SolarMail system with additional documentation, enabling a parallel mail system to be established by populating the database; a cloned version of SolarMail functioning with a user database similar to that of the High Energy Astrophysics Division (HEAD) of the American Astronomical Society; a report on the status and surveyed usage of SolarMail and its clones into an extendable distributed mail system to serve as the basis for AstroMail, including a draft declaration of policy; a prototype AstroMail system based on the above specifications and including at least SolarMail and one of its clones supporting a set of astronomy user databases as subsets; and a report on the status of the prototype AstroMail with recommendations for future modifications to AstroMail.

  18. Electronic Mail in Academic Settings: A Multipurpose Communications Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Souza, Patricia Veasey

    1992-01-01

    Explores possible uses of electronic mail in three areas of the academic setting: instruction, research, and administration. Electronic mail is defined, the components needed to get started with electronic mail are discussed, and uses and benefits of electronic mail in diverse educational environments are suggested. (12 references) (DB)

  19. Ergonomics guidelines for designing electronic mail addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rau, P L; Salvendy, G

    2001-03-15

    The aim was to design a human-centred electronic mail (e-mail) address system based on networking technology and cognitive ergonomics. Based on the background literature and the results of users' survey, a conceptual model is developed for designing e-mail addresses. This model consists of e-mail address components of formats, domain length, meaningfulness, orientation and information type pertaining to recall, information association and categorization. Five hypotheses were proposed to test the conceptual model, and four experiments were conducted with 85 participants to test the hypotheses. The dependent variables were performance time, error rate and degree of satisfaction, and the independent variables were components of the e-mail addresses. The main results indicate that for a recall task, significantly lower total performance time (26.2%) and error rate (75%) were found for the hybrid formats (digits and letters) than for the letter format, and up to four characters was the best single domain length. For an information association task, embedding both geographical and organizational information significantly decreased the response time (10.9%) in comparison with only embedding organizational information. For a categorization task, embedding both geographical information and organizational information significantly decreased response time (40.7%) in comparison with only embedding organizational information. This research demonstrates the importance of human-centred design and provides guidelines in effectively designing e-mail addresses.

  20. Six-month follow-up and participant use and satisfaction of an electronic mail intervention promoting physical activity and nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plotnikoff, Ronald C; Pickering, Michael A; McCargar, Linda J; Loucaides, Constantinos A; Hugo, Kylie

    2010-01-01

    To evaluate the effects of a 12-week e-mail intervention promoting physical activity and nutrition, and to describe participant use and satisfaction feedback. A longitudinal, randomized trial. Five large workplaces in Alberta, Canada. One thousand forty-three participants completed all three assessments, and 1263 participants in the experimental group provided use and satisfaction feedback after receiving the 12-week intervention. Paired physical activity and nutrition messages were e-mailed weekly to the experimental group. The control group received all messages in bulk (i.e., within a single e-mail message) at the conclusion of the intervention. Self-report measures of knowledge, cognitions, and behaviors related to physical activity and nutrition were used. Satisfaction with e-mail messages was assessed at Time 2. Planned contrasts compared the experimental group measures at Time 3 with those reported at Time 2 and with control group measures reported at Time 3. Control group measures at Time 3 were also compared with control group measures at Time 2. The small intervention effects previously reported between Time 1 and Time 2 were maintained at Time 3. Providing the e-mail messages in bulk also had a significant positive effect on many of the physical activity and nutrition variables. E-mail offers a promising medium for promoting health-enhancing knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional research is needed to determine optimal message dose and content.

  1. An Analysis of Electronic-Mail Usage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, K.

    1998-01-01

    Describes a study that established a measure and model for use in predicting and explaining electronic mail systems as an example of computer-mediated communication technologies usage and choice. The results indicated that all of the eight hypotheses showed significant correlation between criterion and predictor variates, supported by different…

  2. Efficient communication in the electronic mail game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jaegher, K.

    The literature on the electronic mail game shows that players’ mutual expectations may lock them into requiring an inefficiently large number of confirmations and confirmations of confirmations from one another. This paper shows that this result hinges on the assumption that, with the exception of

  3. 34 CFR 300.505 - Electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Electronic mail. 300.505 Section 300.505 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process...

  4. The Use of Electronic Mail in Biomedical Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Costello, Richard; Shaw, Anthony; Cheetham, Roz; Moots, Robert J.

    2000-01-01

    Objectives: To determine whether there are statistically significant differences in the content of electronic mail (e-mail) and conventional mail sent to authors of papers published in medical journals.

  5. Electronic mail communication--management strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strasser, Patricia B

    2003-12-01

    Electronic communication has come a long way in the past 30 years. It will no doubt continue to improve and remain the primary communication vehicle for businesses. Occupational health nurses, like other business professionals, must use email to their advantage to improve their practice. However, electronic mail communication must be managed in the same manner as records and documents produced in any form or media.

  6. Use of the electronic mail in libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Poljanec

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the system of electronic mail and the possibilities of its integration into library activities. Although the system has been present in Slovenian libraries for some time now, ali the possiblities it offers are not being fuliy used. The introductory part of the article presents advantages and disadvantages of the system,and the core part of it brings suggestions for the integration of the service into library activities.

  7. Electronic Mail: Another Justification for Using Computers in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murranka, Patricia A.

    1982-01-01

    Various electronic mail systems are described (facsimile, communicating word processors, and computer-based message systems); applications of the computer-based message systems are examined; and the classroom applications of electronic mail are discussed. (CT)

  8. Gender Differences in Perceived Gratifications Obtained through Electronic Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Vernon B., Jr.; Harper, Erika J.

    2010-01-01

    Electronic mail provides users with unique positive psychological consequences that differentiate it from other media. These consequences or gratifications have been mentioned separately across the electronic mail literature, yet there is no specific measure for these gratifications. The study found that females (M = 7.7; SD = 1.8) achieve higher…

  9. Differences between Males and Females Concerning Perceived Electronic Mail Appropriateness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Vernon B., Jr.

    2008-01-01

    Electronic mail is one of the most successfully diffused modern communication technologies. Yet, few researchers have investigated whether gender differences exist in perceptions of the types of appropriateness embedded within electronic mail messages. A framework originally created by Wiemann and Backlund (1980) served as the basis for the…

  10. Problem Resolution through Electronic Mail: A Five-Step Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grandgenett, Neal; Grandgenett, Don

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the use of electronic mail within the general resolution and management of administrative problems and emphasizes the need for careful attention to problem definition and clarity of language. Presents a research-based five-step model for the effective use of electronic mail based on experiences at the University of Nebraska at Omaha.…

  11. Physicians' use of and attitudes toward electronic mail for patient communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaster, Barak; Knight, Christopher L; DeWitt, Dawn E; Sheffield, John V L; Assefi, Nassim P; Buchwald, Dedra

    2003-05-01

    To assess physicians' use of and attitudes toward electronic mail (e-mail) for patient communication, we conducted a mail-in survey of physicians who see patients in outpatient clinics affiliated with a large academic medical center (N = 283). Seventy-two percent of physicians reported using e-mail to communicate with patients, averaging 7.7 e-mails from patients per month. The lowest level of use was by community-based primary care physicians (odds ratio, 0.22; 95% confidence interval, 0.08 to 0.59). Those physicians who reported using e-mail with patients reported high satisfaction with its use. Although physicians were concerned about the confidentiality of e-mail, few discussed this issue with patients.

  12. Sex differences in perceived outcomes of electronic mail interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Vernon B

    2002-04-01

    Researchers have found that sex plays a crucial role in perceptions of usability, graphical accents, and general satisfaction within computer-mediated interactions. 192 students (71 men and 121 women) responded to 12 items taken from the Electronic Mail Outcome Scale related to their perceived Appropriateness, Effectiveness, and Satisfaction obtained through electronic mail interactions. Analysis indicated no significant differences between men and women in reference to either Effectiveness or Satisfaction; however, women were more sensitive to social expectations within electronic mail interactions than men.

  13. Program For Local-Area-Network Electronic Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, Michael J.

    1989-01-01

    MailRoom is computer program for local-area network (LAN) electronic mail. Enables users of LAN to exchange electronically notes, letters, reminders, or any sort of communication via their computers. Links all users of LAN into communication circle in which messages created, sent, copied, printed, downloaded, uploaded, and deleted through series of menu-driven screens. Includes feature that enables users to determine whether messages sent have been read by receivers. Written in Microsoft QuickBasic.

  14. A survey of dental practitioners on their use of electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhumuza, R; Moles, D R; Bedi, R

    1999-02-13

    To assess the feasibility of using electronic-mail as a tool for surveying dental practitioners; to determine both response rates and response times for this method; and provide baseline information on e-mail usage. Self-administered questionnaire distributed by e-mail to 309 practitioners on Monday morning, 1 June 1998. 53.4% response rate within 1 month; 10.2% of replies were sent within 2 hours; and nearly half the replies were sent within 48 hours. Qualified dentists were more likely to respond early than undergraduates. The most popular point of access for e-mail was home (69.1%). The majority of responders (56.8%) use e-mail every day with 1 in 7 (14.2%) using it at least four times a day. 72.4% stated that they found e-mail useful for communicating with professional bodies, while 41.3% used it to communicate with colleagues about patients and patient referrals. 34.0% found e-mail useful for ordering goods, and supplies and 14.6% were using electronic mail to make patient appointments at least some of the time. Responses can be obtained at much greater speed than conventional postal techniques will allow, but response rates were only 53.4%. E-mail is predominately used at home and for inter-professional communications, only a small proportion of responders use it for direct communication with patients.

  15. Using a WWW-based mail user agent for secure electronic mail service for health care users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiuchi, T; Ohe, K; Kaihara, S

    1998-09-01

    WWW-based user interface is presented for secure electronic mail service for healthcare users. Using this method, communications between an electronic mail (WWW) server and users (WWW browsers) can be performed securely using Secure Socket Layer protocol-based Hypertext Transfer Protocol (SSL-HTTP). The mail can be encrypted, signed, and sent to the recipients and vice versa on the remote WWW server. The merit of this method is that many healthcare users can use a secure electronic mail system easily and immediately, because SSL-compatible WWW browsers are widely used and this system can be made available simply by installing a WWW-based mail user agent on a mail server. We implemented a WWW-based mail user agent which is compatible with PEM-based secure mail and made it available to about 16,000 healthcare users. We believe this approach is effective in facilitating secure network-based information exchange among medical professionals.

  16. Feasibility study of the use of a daily electronic mail reminder to improve oral contraceptive compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Michelle C; Creinin, Mitchell D; Murthy, Amitasrigowri S; Harwood, Bryna; Reid, Lynn M

    2003-11-01

    Women who ingest their oral contraceptive pill (OCP) as part of a daily routine are more likely use their OCPs correctly. This trial examines the feasibility of an electronic-mail (e-mail) reminder system to improve OCP compliance. An e-mail reminder was sent to 50 new OCP users daily for 3 months. Subjects sent an e-mail reply to confirm receipt. OCP compliance was recorded on diaries. Four subjects were discontinued for not checking their e-mail. Active participants missed a median of 18% of the e-mail reminders (range: 0-65%). A follow-up visit was scheduled after completion of three OCP cycles. Of the 40 subjects returning completed diaries, 50% missed no active pills at all and 20% missed at least one in each cycle. Most found the daily e-mail somewhat (65%) or very helpful (19%) for OCP compliance. Of those continuing OCPs, 64% wanted to continue receiving e-mail reminders at the completion of the study. Because inconsistent OCP use is a significant cause of unplanned conception, the use of e-mail to improve OCP compliance has the potential to decrease unintended pregnancies.

  17. Electronic Services Monthly MI Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This electronic services monthly MI report contains monthly MI data for most public facing online online applications such as iClaim, electronic access, Mobile wage...

  18. The development of efficient coding for an electronic mail system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, R. F.

    1983-01-01

    Techniques for efficiently representing scanned electronic documents were investigated. Major results include the definition and preliminary performance results of a Universal System for Efficient Electronic Mail (USEEM), offering a potential order of magnitude improvement over standard facsimile techniques for representing textual material.

  19. An Automated System for Receiving KPNO Proposals by Electronic Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, David J.; Biemesderfer, Christopher D.; Barnes, Jeannette; Massey, Phil

    An automated system has been developed for receiving observing proposals by electronic mail. \\LaTeX\\ forms are made available through e-mail and by FTP and are filled in by the investigators. The completed forms are then e-mailed to KPNO where they are automatically processed with the procmail utility and UNIX shell scripts. Ancillary documents such as PostScript figures and observing lists are also processed and stored with the proposals. The system has been in use at KPNO during the past four observing semesters and now processes several hundred documents each semester. A modified version of the software has also been in use at CTIO, with both observatories now receiving the vast majority of all proposals electronically. Although a few problems have occurred over this time period, they are clearly outweighed by the time-cost benefits of such an automated system.

  20. Use of electronic mail in a teaching hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sands, D. Z.; Safran, C.; Slack, W. V.; Bleich, H. L.

    1993-01-01

    Electronic mail has been in use for almost 20 years at Boston's Beth Israel Hospital and is an integral part of the clinical information system. Through a study of usage patterns during a one-week period, we found that 1247 persons sent 7482 messages to 1302 different recipients. Each category of user (attending physician, house officer, nurse, etc.) sent the most e-mail to others of the same user category. Through an electronically administered questionnaire, we found that self-reported usage patterns had a high correlation (r = 0.6) with measured use. Sixty-six percent of respondents used e-mail daily or weekly, and 58% used it for issues of patient care; nearly all users found this useful for communicating about patient care issues. Ninety percent of respondents felt e-mail made their lives easier and 61% felt it had a humanizing influence on their lives. We conclude that the e-mail system is well-utilized by clinical personnel and felt to be useful in both patient care and nonpatient care situations. PMID:8130484

  1. Computer Friends and Foes: Content of Undergraduates' Electronic Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, Naomi B.; McCormick, John W.

    1992-01-01

    Discussion of computer-mediated communication focuses on a study of undergraduates in computer science courses that used observational and self-report techniques to examine the content of electronic mail messages. Work-related and various social uses are described, and examples of messages are included. (42 references) (LRW)

  2. Effects of Pictographs and Quoting on Flaming in Electronic Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompsen, Philip A.; Foulger, Davis A.

    1996-01-01

    Examines the perception of flaming (hostile verbal behavior) in electronic mail by exploring, in the context of five escalating levels of socioemotional intensity, the effects of pictographs (typographic symbols used to express emotion) and quoting. Results suggest pictographs and quoting can vary in perceived intensity and meaning, depending on…

  3. Faculty Use and Perceptions of Electronic Mail: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nantz, Karen; Wilkins, Marilyn

    1995-01-01

    A survey received 58 responses from business faculty before and 46 after installation of a local area network. After installation, time spent on electronic mail and number of messages increased. Respondents were positive about speed, reliability, and paper reduction, negative about lack of user-friendliness and unclear instructions. (SK)

  4. Beneficial long communication in the multiplayer electronic mail game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jaegher, K.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    In the two-player electronic mail game (EMG), as is well-known, the probability of collective action is lower the more confirmations and reconfirmations are made available to players. In the multiplayer EMG, however, we show players may coordinate on equilibria where they require only few of the

  5. The use of electronic mail in the research process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, D C

    2000-07-01

    Carol Cooper targets both novice researchers who want to use email and readers who would like to make better use of electronic mail (email) in their research. She examines the growing use of email and outlines its uses as found in nursing literature for sample recruitment, data collection and sample interviews, and networking and collaboration.

  6. Exploring the Academic Self within an Electronic Mail Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spires, Hiller A.; Mason, Cheryl; Crissman, Cris; Jackson, Alecia

    2001-01-01

    Reports on a study at North Carolina State University that examined the use of electronic mail to encourage critical literacy among college developmental reading students. States that randomly selected students were paired with professionals who served as online mentors. Reports that, after one semester, this group scored higher than the control…

  7. A new Listbox Service for Electronic Mail Distribution Lists

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Mail Service

    2004-01-01

    A new Web interface for users to manage mailing lists (http://cern.ch/simba) was put in production on September 20th. The new interface replaces the old one and provides several improved functionalities. Behind the new interface there is a completely new distribution mechanism and all CERN mailing lists will be progressively migrated to a new service during the next two months. This change will be almost transparent for users and list owners will be informed by email when their list is moved to the new system. The new interface gives access to all lists, and users are automatically redirected to the old interface for lists not migrated yet. CERN has been providing the High Energy Physics community with a large number of mailing lists for several years. The current service has more than 3,000 mailing lists, with more than 50,000 users worldwide and around 400,000 archived mails. Currently around 150 lists are already hosted by the new system. Please do not hesitate to report any problem to the Helpdesk@cern.c...

  8. Menstrual problems in university students: an electronic mail survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anastasakis, E; Kingman, C E; Lee, C A; Economides, D L; Kadir, R A

    2008-01-01

    To establish the prevalence of menstrual-related problems among university students. A questionnaire regarding gynecological, bleeding and family history was sent by electronic mail (e-mail) to all female students attending University College London (UCL). A total of 767 students aged 18-39 years replied; 71% had a regular menstrual cycle. One in three (n = 264) had received some treatment for their menstrual periods (such as the combined oral contraceptive pill or simple analgesia). Those with heavy or painful periods were more likely to feel that their menstrual problems had a substantial impact on their academic and social life; however, even among those with light periods, one in every four females felt that their life was considerably affected. A considerable prevalence of menstrual-related problems was demonstrated among this young healthy population. Additionally, the use of e-mail could present potential benefits as a research medium for this kind of study.

  9. Use of simulated electronic mail (e-mail) to assess medical student knowledge, professionalism, and communication skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christner, Jennifer G; Stansfield, R Brent; Schiller, Jocelyn H; Madenci, Arin; Keefer, Patricia M; Pituch, Ken

    2010-10-01

    Physicians communicate with patients using electronic mail (e-mail) with increasing frequency. Communication skills specific to e-mail do not appear to be taught explicitly in medical school. Therefore, the effect of an instructive session on effective e-mail communication was examined. Four simulated e-mails from a parent were developed. Students responded to an initial e-mail and then participated in a session on effective e-mail communication. Responses to a final e-mail were assessed using a rubric with subscores for medical knowledge, communication, and professionalism. Performance improved from the first to final e-mail response in the overall score and in each subscore. Improvement was sustained over the course of the academic year. Interrater reliability revealed good agreement. Communicating effectively with patients via e-mail is not intuitive but can be taught. It is feasible to introduce responses to a simulated e-mail case in a clinical clerkship as an assessment tool.

  10. Guidelines for the Clinical Use of Electronic Mail with Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Beverley; Sands, Daniel Z.

    1998-01-01

    Guidelines regarding patient—provider electronic mail are presented. The intent is to provide guidance concerning computer-based communications between clinicians and patients within a contractual relationship in which the health-care provider has taken on an explicit measure of responsibility for the client's care. The guidelines address two interrelated aspects: effective interaction between the clinician and patient, and observance of medicolegal prudence. Recommendations for site-specific policy formulation are included. PMID:9452989

  11. The ethics of research using electronic mail discussion groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kralik, Debbie; Warren, Jim; Price, Kay; Koch, Tina; Pignone, Gino

    2005-12-01

    The aim of this paper is to identify and discuss the ethical considerations that have confronted and challenged the research team when researchers facilitate conversations using private electronic mail discussion lists. The use of electronic mail group conversations, as a collaborative data generation method, remains underdeveloped in nursing. Ethical challenges associated with this approach to data generation have only begun to be considered. As receipt of ethics approval for a study titled; 'Describing transition with people who live with chronic illness' we have been challenged by many ethical dilemmas, hence we believe it is timely to share the issues that have confronted the research team. These discussions are essential so we can understand the possibilities for research interaction, communication, and collaboration made possible by advanced information technologies. Our experiences in this study have increased our awareness for ongoing ethical discussions about privacy, confidentiality, consent, accountability and openness underpinning research with human participants when generating data using an electronic mail discussion group. We describe how we work at upholding these ethical principles focusing on informed consent, participant confidentiality and privacy, the participants as threats to themselves and one another, public-private confusion, employees with access, hackers and threats from the researchers. A variety of complex issues arise during cyberspace research that can make the application of traditional ethical standards troublesome. Communication in cyberspace alters the temporal, spatial and sensory components of human interaction, thereby challenging traditional ethical definitions and calling to question some basic assumptions about identity and ones right to keep aspects of it confidential. Nurse researchers are bound by human research ethics protocols; however, the nature of research by electronic mail generates moral issues as well as ethical

  12. The Effect of Reticence on College Students' Use of Electronic Mail To Communicate with Faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Lynne; Duran, Robert L.; Zolten, J. Jerome

    2001-01-01

    Investigates the effect of reticence on college students' use of electronic mail to communication with faculty. Notes the difference in the frequency of using electronic mail by reticent and non-reticent students. Considers how reticent students prefer to use electronic mail over speaking to faculty at their offices. (SG)

  13. Combating the corporate paper war: Electronic mail abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Botha

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of the research was to investigate the mailing practices and filing methods in a computer support or administrative environment involving the resulting abuse of paper. In applied research, an exploratory investigation focused on selected higher education institutions in Gauteng with a structured questionnaire as measuring instrument. In the analysis and interpretations of the findings, correlation and cross-tabulation on all sets of variables determined whether any meaningful associations could be found. The investigation indicated that the war against paper abuse is not over by any means. Perceptions regarding a paperless office and assumptions that technology could assist organisations to combat paper abuse were unfounded, mainly because of a lack of guidance, training interventions and control measures. Consequently, follow-up research is presently conducted whereby models will be designed and implemented concomitant with specified computer software features in order to counteract the abuse of paper and facilitate the effective use of information and communication technology interfaced work processes and procedures. This article focuses only on the electronic mail and filing components of the investigation.

  14. Results of an electronic mail survey on hormones and telangiectasias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricci, Stefano

    2005-02-01

    The relationship between the development of telangiectasias and hormonal intake has not been well studied and is empirically managed by phlebologists. To understand the behavior of the international phlebologic community regarding the treatment of leg telangiectasia in patients taking oral contraceptives or receiving postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy. Simple questions concerning the causal effects of hormones, their influence on treatment, and general behavior were asked by an electronic mail questionnaire sent to 131 phlebologists in my personal database. The 61 answers received show the existence of two opposite "parties" concerning the influence of hormones on telangiectasia: cause and treatment. Opposite opinions without any scientific basis underline the ignorance surrounding a subject that concerns 50% of our patients.

  15. The Emerging Infections Network electronic mail conference and web page.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strausbaugh, L J; Liedtke, L A

    2001-01-15

    In February 1997, the Emerging Infections Network (EIN) established an electronic mail conference to facilitate discussions about emerging infectious diseases and related topics among its members and public health officials. Later that year, the EIN opened its section of the Infectious Diseases Society of America's home page. The EIN Web page was developed to give its members an alternative route for responding to EIN surveys and to facilitate rapid dispersal of EIN reports. The unrestricted portion of the site allows visitors access to information about the EIN and to published EIN reports on specific topics. For the most part, these are brief summaries or abstracts. In the restricted, password-protected portion of the EIN site, members can access the detailed, original reports from EIN queries and the comprehensive listings of member observations. Search functions in both portions of the EIN site enhance the retrieval of reports and observations on specific topics.

  16. [E-mail in psychotherapy--an aftercare model via electronic mail for psychotherapy inpatients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Markus; Maurer, Wolf-Jürgen; Dogs, Peter; Kordy, Hans

    2006-01-01

    We introduce an aftercare program for psychotherapy inpatients, which is based on regular communication via E-mail. The organizational and operational structure of the program are described within the context of computer mediated communication. First results on utilization and acceptance are reported. In comparison to patients who did not participate in either aftercare program of the clinic, the E-mail participants are younger and higher educated. Inpatient treatment of the participants was three days shorter in duration than that of non participants. Both groups were similar with regard to symptom distress at discharge from hospital. A low dropout rate of 8%, the high activity and satisfaction emphasize the positive acceptance of the program. Therapists' E-mail activity turned out to be important for the participants. Neither age, internet experience or symptom related variables nor the own E-mail activity were associated with participants' evaluation of the new service. Based on these first positive experiences the perspectives of using E-mail in psychotherapy will be discussed.

  17. Ergonomics of electronic mail address systems: related literature review and survey of users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rau, P L; Salvendy, G

    2001-03-15

    The paper reviews the cognitive ergonomics literature related to electronic mail (e-mail) address design. Based on this information, a survey of 160 users of current e-mail address system was conducted. The aim was to obtain information on likes, dislikes and difficulties associated with e-mail address and to obtain users' suggestions and input for improving the current e-mail address system. The survey results indicated that users want an improved e-mail address system with regard to shorter length, useful information and appropriate presentation of information.

  18. A randomized study of electronic mail versus telephone follow-up after emergency department visit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezenkwele, Ugo A; Sites, Frank D; Shofer, Frances S; Pritchett, Ellen N; Hollander, Judd E

    2003-02-01

    This study was conducted to determine whether electronic mail (e-mail) increases contact rates after patients are discharged from the emergency department (ED). Following discharge, patients were randomized to be contacted by telephone or e-mail. The main outcome was success of contact. Secondary outcome was the median time of response. There were 1561 patients initially screened. Of these, 444 had e-mail and were included in the study. Half were contacted by telephone and the rest via e-mail. Our telephone contact rate was 58% (129/222) after two calls in a 48-h period and our e-mail contact was 41% (90/222). The telephone was nearly two times better than e-mail. The median time of response was 48 h for e-mail and 18 h for telephone. It is concluded that the telephone is a better modality of contact than e-mail for patients discharged from the ED.

  19. Cost-effective clinical uses of wide-area networks: electronic mail as telemedicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worth, E. R.; Patrick, T. B.; Klimczak, J. C.; Reid, J. C.

    1995-01-01

    Electronic mail (E-mail) is widely used as a means of communication in the medical community. E-mail is clearly inexpensive when compared to two-way, fully interactive, real-time, video telemedicine. By content analysis of 200 consecutive messages, we show E-mail to be a low-cost use of computer networks, supporting a wide range of physician decision-making. PMID:8563405

  20. Nurse practitioner practice and deployment: electronic mail Delphi study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsden, Janet; Dolan, Brian; Holt, Lynda

    2003-09-01

    The nature of modern government and needs of policy-makers demand accurate information that is delivered quickly. This study was part of a larger project for the Department of Health relating to nurse practitioner (NP) education and practice in UK. The aim of the study was to identify the principal factors that help or hinder the development of NP roles in the National Health Service. In order to facilitate a rapid response, a Delphi study was undertaken using electronic mail (e-mail) and was completed within 4 weeks. Key stakeholders in NP practice, education and research and (non-governmental) policy-making were invited to participate. Key themes relating to the deployment and practice of NPs were generated. These were refined and collated by the research team and then rated by the respondents. This approach generated valuable expert consensus data around NP deployment and practice. Nurse practitioners' practice is recognized as an integral part of health care that needs to be recognized by regulatory bodies to promote understanding of their potential at local levels. Nurse practitioners need freedom to innovate, adequate support and appropriate education to allow true autonomy. Limited prescribing and local restrictions on requesting investigations hinder practice. Although this was a small-scale study, the expert panel was wide-ranging and achieved substantial consensus. The organisational and cultural changes that are required to foster the development of practice and deployment of NPs have yet to be instigated, according to the comments of the key stakeholders in this study. There appears to be a clear message that the government needs to take a more interventionist role in supporting nursing developments, rather than leaving this to local arrangements.

  1. Cooperative Electronic Mail: Effective Communication Technology for Introductory Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pence, Laura E.

    1999-05-01

    One drawback to using cooperative learning in the classroom is that it takes up class time and reduces the amount of content that can be covered during a semester. Cooperative electronic mail is an excellent alternate method of using cooperative learning that shifts the medium of interaction to the computer and encourages students to learn to communicate effectively through technology. In this project, three types of exercises were assigned, one prior to each exam. These three assignments were (i) an open-ended question, (ii) a traditional cooperative activity done electronically, and (iii) an exercise to allow students to write exam questions for each other. The average participation rate in the exercises was 90% over four semesters, which indicated that the project was an effective incentive to get students to use email regularly. The evaluations of the project were also extremely positive. One surprising result of the assessment was that female students gave even more favorable responses than men, suggesting that this project was an excellent way to encourage women to use computer technology.

  2. MAILROOM- A LOCAL AREA NETWORK ELECTRONIC MAIL PROGRAM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, M. J.

    1994-01-01

    The Mailroom program is a Local Area Network (LAN) electronic mail program. It allows LAN users to electronically exchange notes, letters, reminders, or any sort of communication via their computer. The Mailroom program links all LAN users into a communication circle where messages can be created, sent, copied, printed, downloaded, uploaded, and deleted through a series of menu-driven screens. Mailroom includes a feature which allows users to determine if a message they have sent has been read by the receiver. Each user must be separately installed and removed from Mailroom as they join or leave the network. Mailroom comes with a program that accomplishes this with minimum of effort on the part of the Network Administrator/Manager. There is also a program that allows the Network Administrator/Manager to install Mailroom on each user's workstation so that on execution of Mailroom the user's station may be identified and the configurations settings activated. It will create its own configuration and data/supporting files during the setup and installation process. The Mailroom program is written in Microsoft QuickBasic. It was developed to run on networked IBM XT/ATs or compatibles and requires that all participating workstations share a common drive. It has been implemented under DOS 3.2 and has a memory requirement of 71K. Mailroom was developed in 1988.

  3. Interoperability through standardization: Electronic mail, and X Window systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amin, Ashok T.

    1993-01-01

    Since the introduction of computing machines, there has been continual advances in computer and communication technologies and approaching limits. The user interface has evolved from a row of switches, character based interface using teletype terminals and then video terminals, to present day graphical user interface. It is expected that next significant advances will come in the availability of services, such as electronic mail and directory services, as the standards for applications are developed and in the 'easy to use' interfaces, such as Graphical User Interface for example Window and X Window, which are being standardized. Various proprietary electronic mail (email) systems are in use within organizations at each center of NASA. Each system provides email services to users within an organization, however the support for email services across organizations and across centers exists at centers to a varying degree and is often easy to use. A recent NASA email initiative is intended 'to provide a simple way to send email across organizational boundaries without disruption of installed base.' The initiative calls for integration of existing organizational email systems through gateways connected by a message switch, supporting X.400 and SMTP protocols, to create a NASA wide email system and for implementation of NASA wide email directory services based on OSI standard X.500. A brief overview of MSFC efforts as a part of this initiative are described. Window based graphical user interfaces make computers easy to use. X window protocol has been developed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1984/1985 to provide uniform window based interface in a distributed computing environment with heterogenous computers. It has since become a standard supported by a number of major manufacturers. Z Windows systems, terminals and workstations, and X Window applications are becoming available. However impact of its use in the Local Area Network environment on the network

  4. Do electronic mail discussion lists act as virtual colleagues?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worth, E. R.; Patrick, T. B.

    1997-01-01

    Anesthesiology Discussion Group (ADG), an electronic mail (email) discussion list, has previously been shown to be a clinically oriented, cost-effective form of telemedicine. ADG is composed of an international collection of anesthesia providers. Discussions with colleagues are generally informal in nature and are examples of types of information-seeking behavior which frequently occur in hallways or lounges of a hospital or clinic. Information-seeking occurs when a health care provider searches for information which will be used to solve or satisfy a patient's problem or need. We surveyed practitioners who had previously submitted non-rhetorical, clinical questions to the group. After analysis of the questionnaire results, we conclude that ADG is a valuable resource used for information-seeking and is a clinically effective form of telemedicine. Many of the respondents indicated that they used ADG to obtain second opinions from the collective expertise of group members. Respondents also indicated that they were generally satisfied with the quality of responses and would not hesitate to use ADG for future clinical questions. PMID:9357641

  5. Enhancing therapeutic impact and therapeutic alliance through electronic mail homework assignments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdoch, J W; Connor-Greene, P A

    2000-01-01

    Homework assignments can enhance therapeutic impact and increase therapy effectiveness by encouraging patients to focus on therapy-related issues between sessions. Computer technology provides a new avenue for reporting, monitoring, and feedback of patient homework assignments through electronic mail (e-mail). In two case examples, e-mail was used as an extension of therapy to enhance patient involvement in treatment. In both cases, patient reports suggest that therapeutic alliance and therapeutic impact improved with the use of e-mail homework reporting. The costs and benefits of the use of e-mail as an adjunct to therapy are discussed.

  6. A survey of patient access to electronic mail: attitudes, barriers, and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fridsma, D. B.; Ford, P.; Altman, R.

    1994-01-01

    The use of electronic mail (e-mail) is increasing among both physicians and patients, although there is limited information in the literature about how patients might use e-mail to communicate with their physician. In our university-based internal medicine clinic, we have studied attitudes toward and access to e-mail among patients. A survey of 444 patients in our clinic showed that 46% of patients in the clinic use e-mail, and 89% of those with e-mail use it at work. Fifty-one percent would use e-mail all or most of the time to communicate with the clinic if it were available, and many of the communications that currently take place by phone could be replaced by e-mail. Barriers to e-mail use include privacy concerns among patients who use e-mail in the workplace, choosing the appropriate tasks for e-mail, and methods for efficiently triaging electronic messages in the clinic. PMID:7949909

  7. 32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sending personal information over electronic mail. 806b.29 Section 806b.29 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Privacy Act Notifications § 806b.29 Sending personal information over electronic mail. (a) Exercise caution...

  8. [The electronic mail in the patient-physician relationship].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guelfi, Maria Renza; Masoni, Marco; Conti, Antonio; Gensini, Gian Franco

    2005-04-01

    The continuous spread of e-mail determines an ever-increasing use of this tool for information exchange in healthcare. In spite of that, the frequency and quality of on-line communication between the physician and the patient are still scarce. Beyond analyzing the causes that make difficult the adoption of e-mail in healthcare, and beyond explaining the potential advantages, this paper focus on how this type of communication may influence the patient-physician relationship. More specifically two different types of patient-physician relationship have to be distinguished: type A is characterized by the absence of a preexisting face-to-face interaction, whereas type B is characterized by the presence of a preexisting contractual relationship. The management of e-mail messages needs attention and requirements that are different in the two cases. In type A relationship, there apply some principles different from the guidelines prepared by the American Medical Association that refer to type B interaction. The authors describe and comment the principles and guidelines that apply to the two types of patient-physician relationships. The aim of this work was to help physicians to manage and treat e-mail communication with the patient in a suitable way.

  9. Navy Electronic Mail Service User’s Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    12 - APPENDIX A - Extracts from " UNIX for Beginners" Author: Brian W. Kernighan The Shell When you have successfully logged in to UNIX a program...the entire argument in single quotes, as in is A?" REFERENCES 1. Brian W. Kernighan , "A Tutorial Introduction to the UNIX Text Editor," UNIX ...6 12. Typina n UNIX Commands ......................................... 6 13. Mail

  10. 75 FR 32143 - Submission of Electronic Documentation With Comailed and Copalletized Mailings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Submission of Electronic Documentation With Comailed and Copalletized Mailings AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is proposing to revise Mailing Standards...

  11. Impact of Performance Feedback Delivered via Electronic Mail on Preschool Teachers' Use of Descriptive Praise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Snyder, Patricia; Kinder, Kiersten; Artman, Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    We examined the effects of a professional development intervention that included data-based performance feedback delivered via electronic mail (e-mail) on preschool teachers' use of descriptive praise and whether increased use of descriptive praise was associated with changes in classroom-wide measures of child engagement and challenging behavior.…

  12. Electronic Mail, a New Written-Language Register: A Study with French-Speaking Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volckaert-Legrier, Olga; Bernicot, Josie; Bert-Erboul, Alain

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which the linguistic forms used by adolescents in electronic mail (e-mail) differ from those used in standard written language. The study was conducted in French, a language with a deep orthography that has strict, addressee-dependent rules for using second person personal pronouns (unfamiliar…

  13. Impact of Performance Feedback Delivered via Electronic Mail on Preschool Teachers' Use of Descriptive Praise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Snyder, Patricia; Kinder, Kiersten; Artman, Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    We examined the effects of a professional development intervention that included data-based performance feedback delivered via electronic mail (e-mail) on preschool teachers' use of descriptive praise and whether increased use of descriptive praise was associated with changes in classroom-wide measures of child engagement and challenging behavior.…

  14. Ethical guidelines for use of electronic mail between patients and physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bovi, Amy M

    2003-01-01

    This report examines the ethical implications of electronic communication, focusing on the use of electronic mail (e-mail), considers its impact on a previously established patient-physician relationship, and the limitations in using e-mail to create a new patient-physician relationship. In its recommendations, this report offers guidance to physicians who use electronic mail to communicate with patients and online users. These guidelines maintain that e-mail should not be used to establish a patient-physician relationship, but rather to supplement personal encounters. When using e-mail, physicians hold the same ethical responsibilities to their patients as they do during other encounters and that information must be presented in a manner that meets professional standards. The report requires that physicians notify patients of e-mail's inherent limitations and that patients be given the opportunity to accept these limitations prior to the communication of privileged information. Finally, physicians should be aware of privacy and confidentiality concerns when using e-mail to communicate with patients.

  15. Electronic mail was not better than postal mail for surveying residents and faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akl, Elie A; Maroun, Nancy; Klocke, Robert A; Montori, Victor; Schünemann, Holger J

    2005-04-01

    To compare response rate, time to response, and data quality of electronic and postal surveys in the setting of postgraduate medical education. A randomized controlled trial in a university-based internal medicine residency program. We randomized 119 residents and 83 faculty to an electronic versus a postal survey with up to two reminders and measured response rate, time to response, and data quality. For residents, the e-survey resulted in a lower response rate than the postal survey (63.3% versus 79.7%; difference -16.3%, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) -32.3% to -0.4%%; P=.049), but a shorter mean response time, by 3.8 days (95% CI 0.2-7.4; P=.042). For faculty, the e-survey did not result in a significantly lower response rate than the postal survey (85.4% vs. 81.0%; difference 4.4%, 95% CI -11.7 to 20.5%; P=.591), but resulted in a shorter average response time, by 8.4 days (95% CI 4.4 to 12.4; P < 0.001). There were no differences in the quality of data or responses to the survey between the two methods. E-surveys were not superior to postal surveys in terms of response rate, but resulted in shorter time to response and equivalent data quality.

  16. Send and Receive fax documents using electronic mail

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Any CERN Staff Member can now send and receive faxes directly through email using the new fax service. To do so, you need to register and obtain your “personal” fax number using the page http://cern.ch/fax. Once you have your fax number, you can fax someone by sending an email message to the address of the form name@number.mail2fax.cern.ch, for example: Joe.Bloggs@000441719999999.mail2fax.cern.ch In the example, “000441719999999” is the fax number to call, as seen from inside CERN, in this case, in London. “Joe.Bloggs” is the name of your correspondent and it will appear on the cover page along with your name, email address, your “personal” fax number, and the subject of the email. Documentation and additional examples of fax addresses are on http://cern.ch/fax The eventual text of your email will be transmitted in the fax, followed by the optional attachments, as extra pages. Attachments can be in Acrobat (.pdf), Text (.txt), Word (.doc) , Excel (.xls) or Powerpoint (.ppt) formats. Once ...

  17. Send and Receive fax documents using electronic mail

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Any CERN Staff Member can now send and receive faxes directly through email using the new fax service. To do so, you need to register and obtain your “personal” fax number using the page http://cern.ch/fax. Once you have your fax number, you can fax someone by sending an email message to the address of the form name@number.mail2fax.cern.ch, for example: Joe.Bloggs@000441719999999.mail2fax.cern.ch In the example, “000441719999999” is the fax number to call, as seen from inside CERN, in this case, in London. “Joe.Bloggs” is the name of your correspondent and it will appear on the cover page along with your name, email address, your “personal” fax number, and the subject of the email. Documentation and additional examples of fax addresses are on http://cern.ch/fax The eventual text of your email will be transmitted in the fax, followed by the optional attachments, as extra pages. Attachments can be in Acrobat (.pdf), Text (.txt), Word (.doc) , Excel (.xls) or Powerpoint (.ppt) formats. Once the ...

  18. Characteristics of effective electronic mail messages distributed to healthcare professionals in a hospital setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaltschmidt, Jens; Schmitt, Simon P W; Pruszydlo, Markus G; Haefeli, Walter E

    2008-01-01

    Electronic mailing systems (e-mail) are an important means to disseminate information within electronic networks. However, in large business communities including the hectic environment of hospitals it may be difficult to induce account holders to read the e-mail. In two mailings disseminated in a large university hospital we evaluated the impact of e-mail layout (three e-mail text versions, two e-mails with graphics) on the willingness of its approximately 6500 recipients to seek additional electronic information and open an integrated link. Overall access rates after 90 days were 21.1 and 23.5% with more than 70% of the respondents opening the link within 3 days. Differences between different layouts were large and artwork text, HTML text, animated GIF, and static image prompted 1.2, 1.7, 1.8, and 2.3 times more often access than the courier plain text message (p

  19. Incorporating Electronic Mail into the Business Communication Course (Focus on Teaching).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nantz, Karen S.; Drexel, Cynthia L.

    1995-01-01

    Focuses on electronic mail topics relevant to business communication. Argues that students need training in understanding electronic organizational hierarchy and electronic communication volume and costs; selecting the appropriate media; and evaluating message permanence, security, ownership, and privacy. Appends 11 exercises. (SR)

  20. 36 CFR 1236.22 - What are the additional requirements for managing electronic mail records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the additional requirements for managing electronic mail records? 1236.22 Section 1236.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT ELECTRONIC RECORDS MANAGEMENT Additional Requirements for Electronic Records §...

  1. ELECTRONIC MAILING LIST AND INTERNET FORUMS - TOOLS FOR MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING WITHIN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorin Cristian COITA

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about the use of Electronic Mailing List and Internet Forums as tools for managers within educational organizations. In the same time, some of concepts, ideas and models can be used in other business organizations, especially in service providing organizations. Understanding management requires both learning and practicing, directly experiencing. People involved in electronic networks are experiencing the alternative to real communication. We considered Electronic Mailing List and Internet Forums both as marketing tool and a human resources management tool. The benefits of using discussion lists are: people informed, involved and improved.

  2. Use of electronic mail for postoperative follow-up after ambulatory surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, J E; Klock, P A; Mingay, D J; Roizen, M F

    1999-03-01

    The authors report on a patient who used electronic mail to report satisfactory recovery from ambulatory surgery and anesthesia. The potential benefits and pitfalls of using electronic mail for patient follow-up and communication, as well as research purposes, are reviewed. Potential benefits include cost savings, ease in collecting quality improvement data, and the potential for increased reporting of unpleasant events. Potential pitfalls include lack of universal access (with racial and socioeconomic differentials), privacy and security concerns, and potential slow responses to messages that might require emergent responses or actions.

  3. Factors that Affect the Adoption and Use of Electronic Mail by K-12 Foreign Language Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelley, Janine Onffroy

    1998-01-01

    Reports the results of electronic mail instruction given to K-12 foreign-language teachers during workshops. Factors found to influence workshop participants' adoption of email included training, the need to keep up with educational technology trends, availability of an easy-to-use system, hands-on experience, school support, and individual…

  4. Three is a crowd – inefficient communication in the multi-player electronic mail game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jaegher, K.; Rosenkranz, S.

    2009-01-01

    In a two-player stag hunt with asymmetric information, players may lock each other into requiring a large number of confirmations and confirmations of confirmations from one another before eventually acting. This intuition has been formalized in the electronic mail game (EMG). The literature provide

  5. Electronic Mail and the Development of Debate Theory: A Case Study of the Tabula Rasa Paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, C. B.; Krug, Liza

    This paper focuses on the role that electronic mail, specifically CEDA-L (the Cross Examination Debate Association listserv) and NDT-L (National Debate Tournament listserv), play in the development of debate theory. The tabula rasa paradigm is chosen as the case study. Through a rhetorical analysis of the postings regarding tabula rasa and limited…

  6. The Application of Centralized Text Editing and Electronic Mail Systems in Libraries: The CMU Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalak, Thomas J.

    1984-01-01

    Describes Carnegie-Mellon University Libraries' utilization of three software packages resident on the University's central computers: text editing, text formatting, and electronic mail. Advantages of utilizing central computing resources, introduction of and training in computing systems within libraries, specific applications, and advantages and…

  7. Beneficial Long Communication in the Multi-Player Electronic Mail Game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jaegher, K.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    In the two-player electronic mail game (EMG), as is well-known, the probability of collective action is lower the more confirmations and re-confirmations are made available to players. In the multi-player EMG, however, as we show players may coordinate on equilibria where they require only few of

  8. Three is a crowd – inefficient communication in the multi-player electronic mail game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jaegher, K.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304836842; Rosenkranz, S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/157222241

    In a two-player stag hunt with asymmetric information, players may lock each other into requiring a large number of confirmations and confirmations of confirmations from one another before eventually acting. This intuition has been formalized in the electronic mail game (EMG). The literature

  9. Teleconsultation via a wide area network in real time and by electronic mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Zhimei; Chao, John T.; Chao, Woodrew; Chang, Kevin; Ho, Bruce K. T.

    1995-05-01

    A teleradiology system is severely limited in bandwidth compared to a departmental PACS. Therefore it must depend on innovative tools to allow efficient communication between the subspecialty radiologist and the referring physician at a remote site. Real time teleconsultation allows two parties to converse while viewing identical images and performing same image processing functions on them. By using an efficient protocol, the framing information for synchronizing the cursor, image layout and image processing functions can be transmitted with subsecond delay over a narrow bandwidth wide area network. For situations involving large time zone differences, an asynchronous communication using electronic mail may be appropriate. In this case, the synchronization of cursor motion and voice is preserved by the time-stamps in electronic mail messages. Multimedia capabilities including digitized voice, report formatting and electronic mailing must be integrated into a single application software that is easy to use by radiologists participating in the consultation session. Real time interaction can be implemented easily using standard modem connections. The protocol ensures that only key information for synchronization is sent to the other station in order to achieve the high speed required. Electronic mail and report formatting capabilities are integrated by using off-the-shelf multimedia software libraries. The system we are developing is on the Windows NT environment using Microsoft Foundation Classes. The same idea is applicable to the UNIX system as well. This paper shows that the real time and asynchronous teleconsultation can be achieved using standard computer hardware, software, and software development tools.

  10. A proposed solution for addressing the challenge of patient cries for help through an analysis of unsolicited electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Alessandro, D M; D'Alessandro, M P; Colbert, S I

    2000-06-01

    Unsolicited electronic mail (e-mail) is e-mail sent to a physician from a person unknown to the physician, who is seeking professional help. The purpose of this project was to analyze unsolicited e-mails sent to a digital textbook author to: 1) characterize the e-mails, 2) determine what resources would be necessary to answer the e-mails, and 3) propose a standard approach to reply to e-mails in a helpful yet medicolegally-responsive manner. All e-mails (315) sent to a digital textbook author from October 1995 through October 1998 were abstracted. Variables included: date and location, sender type, patient age, subject, medical content, and resources necessary to answer the question. Data frequencies were obtained. The most common location was the.com domain (47.6%). The most common senders were laypersons (66%). Overall, 44.4% of the e-mails concerned children. Detailed, patient-specific information was sent in 63.2% of the e-mails. The most common subjects were overviews of a disease or problem (32.4%), differential diagnosis (16.8%), and therapy/treatment questions (15.9%). The medical content covered a broad range of specialties. Specialists were overwhelmingly the resource necessary to answer the e-mails (74.9%). Pediatricians with educational information on the Internet can expect an increase in the number of unsolicited e-mails as Internet usage expands. Laypersons regard even short passages to mean the author is an expert in that particular area. Pediatricians need to consider the ethical and medicolegal implications of responding to unsolicited e-mails. A nonpersonalized, standard e-mail reply is proposed that directs the sender to quality information resources that may be of further assistance. unsolicited electronic mail, e-mail, medical informatics, legal issues, ethical issues, digital libraries.

  11. Electronic mail, a new written-language register: a study with French-speaking adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volckaert-Legrier, Olga; Bernicot, Josie; Bert-Erboul, Alain

    2009-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which the linguistic forms used by adolescents in electronic mail (e-mail) differ from those used in standard written language. The study was conducted in French, a language with a deep orthography that has strict, addressee-dependent rules for using second person personal pronouns (unfamiliar and familiar forms). Data were collected from 80 adolescents ages 12 to 15 in a natural situation where they had to introduce themselves by e-mail to two addressees (peer/teacher). Participants were divided into two groups (skilled/unskilled in computer-mediated communication). Their emails contained a large number of orthographic deviations (the most frequent being neographic forms). Participants skilled in computer-mediated communication (CMC) deviated more than unskilled ones did. The number of orthographic deviations was not linked to the participants' standard writing ability. The personal-pronoun data clearly showed that adolescents used the familiar form of 'you' (tu) to address the peer and the unfamiliar form (vous) to address the teacher. We conclude that, for adolescents, e-mail constitutes a distinct written-language register. Nevertheless, the e-mail register seems to follow the pragmatic rules of standard spoken and written interaction.

  12. Three is a crowd – inefficient communication in the multi-player electronic mail game

    OpenAIRE

    Jaegher, K. De; Rosenkranz, S.

    2009-01-01

    In a two-player stag hunt with asymmetric information, players may lock each other into requiring a large number of confirmations and confirmations of confirmations from one another before eventually acting. This intuition has been formalized in the electronic mail game (EMG). The literature provides extensions on the EMG that eliminate inefficient equilibria, suggesting that no formal rules are needed to prevent players from playing inefficiently. The present paper investigates whether these...

  13. FAMNET: The Use of an Electronic Mail System in Canadian Academic Family Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostbye, Truls; Needler, M.C.; Shires, David B.

    1988-01-01

    The major Canadian universities are connected via a computer communications network called `Netnorth'. We have used Netnorth's accessible, low-cost, electronic mail system to develop a network of academic Family Medicine users (Famnet). We then tested Famnet's utility for conducting rapid surveys. Famnet shows promise of being a useful means of undertaking regular inter-departmental communication. This system may also increase collegiality among Canadian Departments of Family Medicine and facilitate international communication in family medicine. PMID:21264023

  14. A Cost-Effective Approach for Migrating Enterprise Electronic Mail Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ephrem Eyob

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Electronic mail (E-mail is one of the most utilized application software systems in modern-day organizations. The major messaging application programs used in the enterprise are IBM Lotus Notes also known as Domino, Microsoft Exchange Servers, and Novel GroupWise. For various reasons – such as high cost of maintenance, undeliverable e-mail issue and loss of attachments, companies find it necessary to either migrate to newer versions of their messaging software or to an entirely different software. In either case, the process must be carefully planned, well designed and properly implemented to avoid disaster. In this paper, we present a cost-effective approach for migrating a particular messaging software. The approach was implemented and tested for the migration of GroupWise 5.5 to Exchange Server 2003. We present our success story and lessons learned from the case. A six-week and one-year post migration system-audits indicated that the organization derived several benefits including significant cost savings as a result of this particular approach. Chief information/technology officers and e-mail administrators will benefit immensely from the "best practice" strategy hereby presented.

  15. A Cost-Effective Approach for Migrating Enterprise Electronic Mail Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Omojokun

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Electronic mail (E-mail is one of the most utilized application software systems in modern-day organizations. The major messaging application programs used in the enterprise are IBM Lotus Notes also known as Domino, Microsoft Exchange Servers, and Novel GroupWise. For various reasons – such as high cost of maintenance, undeliverable e-mail issue and loss of attachments, companies find it necessary to either migrate to newer versions of their messaging software or to an entirely different software. In either case, the process must be carefully planned, well designed and properly implemented to avoid disaster. In this paper, we present a cost-effective approach for migrating a particular messaging software. The approach was implemented and tested for the migration of GroupWise 5.5 to Exchange Server 2003. We present our success story and lessons learned from the case. A six-week and one-year post migration system-audits indicated that the organization derived several benefits including significant cost savings as a result of this particular approach. Chief information/technology officers and e-mail administrators will benefit immensely from the "best practice" strategy hereby presented.

  16. Performing continuous quality improvement for a digital health sciences library through an electronic mail analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Alessandro, D M; Qian, F; D'Alessandro, M P; Ostrem, S F; Choi, T A; Erkonen, W E; Galvin, J R

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The goal of this prospective, cross-sectional study was to determine the user demographics of a digital health sciences library (DHSL), motives for use, the nature of users information requests, and success rate in finding answers. METHODS: The content of 500 consecutive electronic mail messages (e-mails) submitted to a DHSL were analyzed using a predetermined coding scheme. Data were entered into a database and frequency analysis was performed. RESULTS: The number of information requests from the 500 e-mail messages was 751. The largest sender category was patients and laypersons followed by students, then physicians. Motivations for use were primarily medical advice (42.8%) and patient care (13.8%). E-mail subject areas were mainly medical (61.8%) and technical (20.6%). Answers to information requests were found 54.3% of the time and senders felt the DHSL was valuable (97.8%). CONCLUSIONS: A DHSL is a valuable medical resource. DHSLs must serve the broad information needs of patients and laypersons in addition to health care providers. Developers and managers of DHSLs can use this information to guide future development of DHSL information content and services, as has been done at The University of Iowa. PMID:9803305

  17. Examining memory for heterosexual college students' sexual experiences using an electronic mail diary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garry, Maryanne; Sharman, Stefanie J; Feldman, Julie; Marlatt, G Alan; Loftus, Elizabeth F

    2002-11-01

    To examine memory for sexual expenences, the authors asked 37 sexually active, nonmonogamous, heterosexual college students to complete an e-mail diary every day for 1 month. The diary contained questions about their sexual behaviors. Six to 12 months later, they returned for a surprise memory test, which contained questions about their sexual experiences from the diary phase. They were asked about their sexual partners, the types of sexual experiences they had, and condom use. Participants underreported the number of partners they had, but they overreported both sexual experiences and condom use. The results have implications for both sexual health educators and for people who engage in high-risk sexual behaviors.

  18. MAIL OFFICE Outgoing mail

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    The Mail Office once again wishes to remind users that the Organisation's mail service is exclusively reserved for official mail._\tAll outgoing official mail must arrive at the Mail Office unfranked and with the sender's name and Division clearly marked under the Organsation's address (see example below).Private mail must be taken to the Post Offices at Meyrin (63-R-011) or Prévessin (866-R-C02)._\tPlease only use 'PRIORITY' envelopes for mail requiring priority handling. Internal mail_\tPlease do not forget to indicate your correspondent's 'MAILBOX' number on the internal mail envelopes either in the specific box provided (new envelopes) or next to his or her name (old envelopes). This will facilitate and accelerate the handling of your mail. Mailbox numbers can be found on: Macintosh\tin the 'Mailbox' field in 'VIPER'PC\tin the 'Mailbox' field of 'Phone book'Web: http://www.cern.ch/CERN/Phone.htmlin the 'MailBox' fieldonce you have selected your correspondent's name...

  19. Electronic mail and organizational knowledge: Media use in a global corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraut, Robert E.; Attewell, Paul

    1993-12-01

    Several attributes of communication media influence the costs of their use and utility, and these in turn have the potential to influence their patterns of use and organizational consequences. The goal of this paper is to examine some of these media attributes and their consequences in a large international firm. The data come from a survey of 973 employees of a multi-national corporation. They show that the distinguishing attributes of different media are not dominant: people whose jobs require substantial communication are likely to communicate heavily using all media available to them. The best predictor of which medium is used is the extent to which the medium can put people into contact with their important communication partners. When the job is the unit of analysis, the data from this survey do not support the media richness hypothesis - that use is determined by the fit between the richness of a medium and the degree to which people have complex, ambiguous, or social jobs. Yet when one takes a single conversation as a unit of analysis, the data show that media differing in interactivity and expressiveness are valuable for different tasks. Employees who use electronic mail extensively are better informed about their company and more committed to its management's goals. One reason for their superior knowledge about the organization seems to be that electronic mail promotes 'information spillover' from a focal recipient to others less directly interested in a message, without subjecting these marginal parties to the burdens of interruption and information overload.

  20. Mail office

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Members of the personnel are kindly requested to empty their mail boxes. Any mail remaining in mail boxes will be collected and resorted by Mail Office staff on 6 April. Only specifically addressed mail will be re-delivered.

  1. Mail Office

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Members of the personnel are kindly requested to empty their mail boxes. Any mail remaining in mail boxes will be collected and resorted by Mail Office staff on 1st June. Only specifically addressed mail will be re-delivered.

  2. An Electronic Mail List for a Network of Family Practice Residency Programs: A Good Idea?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summers Holtrop, Jodi

    2001-12-01

    The use of an electronic mailing list as a means of communication among faculty in a network of university-affiliated family practice residency programs was evaluated. Faculty were automatically subscribed to the list by the list owner. Messages were tracked for one year and a written evaluation survey was sent. Ninety two messages were sent, with 52% of the messages being posted information. While most (65%) survey respondents reported reading 61% or more of the messages, with only 33% ever actually posted at least one message to the list. Given that faculty were automatically subscribed and that there were only 84 total members, the list may have failed to reach a critical mass of active participants. It is concluded that an email list for network faculty did not function as an online discussion group, although it was extremely beneficial as a way of posting information to affiliated residency faculty.

  3. An Electronic Mail List for a Network of Family Practice Residency Programs: A Good Idea?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jodi Summers Holtrop

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available The use of an electronic mailing list as a means of communication among faculty in a network of university-affiliated family practice residency programs was evaluated. Faculty were automatically subscribed to the list by the list owner. Messages were tracked for one year and a written evaluation survey was sent. Ninety two messages were sent, with 52% of the messages being posted information. While most (65% survey respondents reported reading 61% or more of the messages, with only 33% ever actually posted at least one message to the list. Given that faculty were automatically subscribed and that there were only 84 total members, the list may have failed to reach a critical mass of active participants. It is concluded that an email list for network faculty did not function as an online discussion group, although it was extremely beneficial as a way of posting information to affiliated residency faculty.

  4. An Additional DNS Feature for Different Routing of Electronic Mail inside and outside of a Campus Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AndreyBobyshev; MichaelErnst

    2001-01-01

    Several years ago DESY faced the need to change the Electronic Mail service to support it on a central cluster of servers.The centralized architecture was necessary for deployment of unified internal E-Mail standards,better quality of service and security,To implemnet a new policy for Electronic Mail Service and avoid huge modifications to a few hundreds network nodes,an additional DNS feature has been added to ISC's (Internet Software Consortium)software bind-4.9.7.The DNS servers running at DESY are capable of distingushing between DNS queries coming from inside and outside of the campus netwokr and reply with different list of MX(Mail Exchanger)records.The external hosts always get a list of MX records pointing to the central mail servers while the internal hosts may use different paths for mail exchange within the campus network.A modified version of DNS software has been used at DESY since 1997,It is fully compliant with the original goal of the projcet and shows good operational performance and reliability.

  5. An Analysis of the Effectiveness of Electronic Mail in the United States Coast Guard

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-01

    transfer requirements. Senders may expect receivers to respond much more quickly because of e- mail [Ref. 7:p. 2]. * Because of the perceived requirement for... mail inbox . In many cases approximately a quarter of the personnel’s messages related to non-task social information. Kieslers’ discussions on social...delivered from sender to receiver without being seen by intermediary personnel * e- mail users do not generally have to receive approval from their

  6. 46 CFR 67.218 - Optional filing of instruments in portable document format as attachments to electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Optional filing of instruments in portable document format as attachments to electronic mail. 67.218 Section 67.218 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DOCUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT OF VESSELS DOCUMENTATION OF VESSELS Filing and Recording of Instruments-General Provisions §...

  7. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the breast: a preliminary report on telepathology through Internet multimedia electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Della Mea, V; Puglisi, F; Bonzanini, M; Forti, S; Amoroso, V; Visentin, R; Dalla Palma, P; Beltrami, C A

    1997-06-01

    Telepathology is a field of telemedicine that enables the exchange of histologic and cytologic images for consultations among pathologists of two or more remote institutions, through a suitable communication channel. The Internet can connect several scientific and medical institutions because of the existence of a set of standard protocols that allow different computers to communicate; multimedia electronic mail is one such protocol, which allows asynchronous transmission of multimedia documents, i.e., including text, images, movies, and sounds. The aim of the present article is to test a novel approach in which Internet multimedia electronic mail is used as a communication medium to obtain an asynchronous telepathology tool for remote consultation. To assess the diagnostic validity of the method, 48 cases of fine-needle aspiration cytology of breast lesions were sent from Udine to Trento, Italy. Comparisons between local and remote diagnoses, and cytologic diagnoses versus subsequent histologic reports demonstrated that Internet multimedia electronic mail is suitable for remote consultation. Internet multimedia electronic mail thus presents an additional diagnostic tool that is easy to use, available on a wide range of computers, and inexpensive, because its cost is independent of distance.

  8. "Need to Know" Versus "Spread the Word": Collective Action in the Multi-Player Electronic Mail Game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jaegher, K.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304836842

    2008-01-01

    As shown by Rubinstein (1989, AER), in the two-player electronic mail game, players are better off if the extent to which they can check each other’s information, check each other’s information about each other’s information, etc., is limited. This paper investigates to what extent this result

  9. Big Comsats for big jobs at low user cost. [considering wrist telephony, electronic mail transmission and educational television applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekey, I.

    1979-01-01

    Three examples are used to illustrate what is possible with large space systems: (1) personal communications using wrist telephones, (2) electronic transmission of mail, and (3) wide dissemination of educational TV. Design concepts and costs are explored and compared to alternative ground-based concepts.

  10. 16 CFR 316.4 - Requirement to place warning labels on commercial electronic mail that contains sexually oriented...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirement to place warning labels on commercial electronic mail that contains sexually oriented material. 316.4 Section 316.4 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CAN-SPAM RULE § 316.4 Requirement to place warning labels on commercial...

  11. Mail Office

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Members of the personnel are kindly requested to empty their mail boxes. Any mail remaining in mail boxes will be collected and re-sorted by Mail Office staff on Wednesday 31st of October. Only specifically addressed mail will be re-delivered.

  12. Mail Office

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    Members of the personnel are kindly requested to empty their mail boxes. Any mail remaining in mail boxes will be collected and resorted by Mail Office staff on Thursday 8 October 2009. Only specifically addressed mail will be re-delivered.

  13. Maintaining interpersonal and organizational relations through electronic mail by men and women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Vernon B

    2005-12-01

    E-mail is used to maintain two primary human relationships, interaction between individuals and preserving relationships with organizations. 278 participants from a medium-size university in the southwest completed two measures developed to assess the quantity of e-mail used to maintain interpersonal and organizational relationships. Analysis indicated that men (M = 5.8, SD = 2.7) and women (M = 6.6, SD = 2.5) significantly differed in frequency of e-mail used to maintain interpersonal relationships, but not in reference to organizational maintenance.

  14. Private mail

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Unit

    2008-01-01

    The internal mail service deals exclusively with the Organization’s official mail. Non-official mail with no stamp on the envelope will not be sent. Please write systematically your name and Department beneath CERN’s address so that the Mail Office can notify you in case of doubt. Anyone who has recently mailed goods is requested to call 75353 in order to make arrangements to recover them. Mail Office

  15. The use of electronic mail at the reference desk: impact of a computer-mediated communication technology on librarian-client interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilling-Eccles, K; Harzbecker, J J

    1998-01-01

    Commonly recognized computer-mediated communication (CMC) tools include virtual environments, bibliographic databases, listservers, newsgroups, group teleconferencing, interactive messaging systems and electronic mail. The use of these technologies in libraries has grown exponentially over the past decade. Electronic mail has emerged as an especially popular communication tool for librarians, and their colleagues and patrons. This paper explores the use of a reference department electronic mail service and its impact on reference services and librarian-client interactions. Several issues related to the implementation of CMC technologies are presented, including the maintenance and monitoring of reference electronic mail systems, the types of questions that are typically posted, and potential barriers to the implementation and use of reference e-mail.

  16. Three is a crowd – inefficient communication in the multi-player electronic mail game

    OpenAIRE

    Jaegher, K. De; Rosenkranz, S.

    2009-01-01

    In a two-player stag hunt with asymmetric information, players may lock each other into requiring a large number of confirmations and confirmations of confirmations from one another before eventually acting. This intuition has been formalized in the electronic mail game (EMG). The literature provides extensions on the EMG that eliminate inefficient equilibria, suggesting that no formal rules are needed to prevent players from playing inefficiently. The present paper investigates whether these...

  17. Older Patients’ Enthusiasm to Use Electronic Mail to Communicate With Their Physicians: Cross-Sectional Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Sarah A; Petersen, Nancy J; Shethia, Anila; Street, Richard L

    2009-01-01

    Background Recent evidence indicates increased access to and use of Internet and non-healthcare-related email by older patients. Because email adoption could potentially reduce some of the disparities faced by this age group, there is a need to understand factors determining older patients’ enthusiasm to use email to communicate with their physicians. Electronic mail (email) represents a means of communication that, coupled with face-to-face communication, could enhance quality of care for older patients. Objective Test a model to determine factors associated with older patients’ enthusiasm to use email to communicate with their physicians. Methods We conducted a secondary data analysis of survey data collected in 2003 for two large, longitudinal, randomized controlled trials. Logistic-regression models were used to model the dichotomous outcome of patient enthusiasm for using email to communicate with their physicians. Explanatory variables included demographic characteristics, health status, use of email with people other than their physician, characteristics of the physician-patient relationship, and physician enthusiasm to use email with patients. Results Participants included a pooled sample of 4059 patients over 65 years of age and their respective physicians (n = 181) from community-based practices in Southern California. Although only 52 (1.3%) patient respondents reported that they communicated with their physician by email, about half (49.3%) expressed enthusiasm about the possibility of using it. Odds of being enthusiastic decreased with increased age (by 0.97 for each year over 66) but were significantly higher in African Americans (OR = 2.1, CI = 1.42 - 3.06), Hispanics (OR = 1.6, CI = 1.26 - 2.14) and men (OR = 1.3, CI = 1.1 - 1.5). A perception of better communication skills of their physician, lower quality of interaction with physician in traditional face-to-face encounters, and physician enthusiasm to use email with patients were significantly

  18. Older patients' enthusiasm to use electronic mail to communicate with their physicians: cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Hardeep; Fox, Sarah A; Petersen, Nancy J; Shethia, Anila; Street, Richard L

    2009-06-16

    Recent evidence indicates increased access to and use of Internet and non-healthcare-related email by older patients. Because email adoption could potentially reduce some of the disparities faced by this age group, there is a need to understand factors determining older patients' enthusiasm to use email to communicate with their physicians. Electronic mail (email) represents a means of communication that, coupled with face-to-face communication, could enhance quality of care for older patients. Test a model to determine factors associated with older patients' enthusiasm to use email to communicate with their physicians. We conducted a secondary data analysis of survey data collected in 2003 for two large, longitudinal, randomized controlled trials. Logistic-regression models were used to model the dichotomous outcome of patient enthusiasm for using email to communicate with their physicians. Explanatory variables included demographic characteristics, health status, use of email with people other than their physician, characteristics of the physician-patient relationship, and physician enthusiasm to use email with patients. Participants included a pooled sample of 4059 patients over 65 years of age and their respective physicians (n = 181) from community-based practices in Southern California. Although only 52 (1.3%) patient respondents reported that they communicated with their physician by email, about half (49.3%) expressed enthusiasm about the possibility of using it. Odds of being enthusiastic decreased with increased age (by 0.97 for each year over 66) but were significantly higher in African Americans (OR = 2.1, CI = 1.42 - 3.06), Hispanics (OR = 1.6, CI = 1.26 - 2.14) and men (OR = 1.3, CI = 1.1 - 1.5). A perception of better communication skills of their physician, lower quality of interaction with physician in traditional face-to-face encounters, and physician enthusiasm to use email with patients were significantly associated with an enthusiasm to use

  19. 75 FR 54287 - Submission of Electronic Documentation With Comailed and Copalletized Mailings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ... Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is revising Mailing Standards of the United... handling, and improves efficiency of USPS processing. The Postal Service published a proposed rule Federal... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part...

  20. Beyond Electronic Forms: E-Mail as an Institution-Wide Information Server.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Carl

    1992-01-01

    The University of Delaware developed an intelligent mail server to provide easy, inexpensive access to institutional information for faculty, staff, and students on any node, machine, or operating system on the campuswide computing network. Security concerns have been addressed. The small investment has returned immediate benefits. (MSE)

  1. Mail Office

    CERN Document Server

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    The Mail Office wishes to remind users that the CERN mail service is exclusively reserved for official CERN mail. All external official mail must be sent to the Mail Office in an unstamped envelope on which your name and Department must be clearly indicated below the official CERN address (see example) to help us to find you in the event that it cannot be delivered. If you wish to send private mail from the CERN site you must use the post offices at Meyrin (63-R-011) or Prévessin (866-R-C02). Please use "PRIORITY" envelopes only in the case of urgent mail. Any mail containing merchandise (i.e. anything other than documents) must be sent using an EDH shipping request form. INTERNAL MAIL Please remember to include the recipient’s MAILBOX number on the internal mail envelopes, either in the relevant box (new envelopes) or next to the name (old envelopes). This information, which can be found in the CERN PHONEBOOK, simplifies our t...

  2. Electronic mail communication between physicians and patients: a review of challenges and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoun, Jumana

    2016-04-01

    Although promising benefits hold for email communication between physicians and patients in terms of lowering the costs of health care while maintaining or improving the quality of disease management and health promotion, physician use of email with patients is still low and lags behind the willingness of patients to communicate with their physicians through email. There is also a discrepancy between physicians' willingness and actual practice of email communication. Several factors may explain these discrepancies. They include physicians differ in their experience and attitude towards information technology; some may not be convinced that patients appreciate, need and can communicate by email with their doctors; others are still waiting for robust evidence on service performance and efficiency in addition to patient satisfaction and outcome that support such practice; and many are reluctant to do so because of perceived barriers. This report is a review of the literature on the readiness for and adoption of physician-patient email communication, and how can challenges be or have been addressed. The need for Governmental support and directives for email communication to move forward is iterated, and opportunities for future research are pointed out. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. E-mail: Outlook Express

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainul Bakri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu layanan Internet yang sangat penting adalah electronic mail atau sering hanya disebut sebagai e-mail. Untuk menggunakan e-mail, diperlukan piranti lunak khusus supaya pengguna dapat mengirim dan menerima e-mail. Jenis piranti lunak e-mail diantaranya adalah Outlook Express yang merupakan satu paket yang didistribusikan bersama Internet Explorer versi 4. Piranti lunak ini dijalankan pada PC yang mempunyai sistem operasi Windows 95 atau 98. Jenis piranti lunak e-mail yang lain adalah Eudora, Pegasus dan sebagainya. Bahkan ada yang diintegrasikan dengan Web Browser (alat untuk menelusuri situs Web misalnya IE,dan Netscape.Sebagai layaknya pelayanan pos, maka setiap pengguna e-mail mempunyai alamat tertentu yang tidak mungkin dipunyai oleh pengguna lainnya diseluruh dunia. Untuk keperluan pendistribusian, maka e-mail mempunyai semacam kantor pos yang ditempatkan dalam sebuah komputer server (mail server atau sering disebut sebagai host. 

  4. Physician-to-physician consultation via electronic mail: the Walter Reed Army Medical Center Ask a Doc system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Kevin C; Mann, Scott; DeWitt, Daisy; Sales, Linda Youngblood; Kennedy, Sean; Poropatich, Ron K

    2002-03-01

    Physician-to-physician consultation and discussion have traditionally been conducted by telephone, paper, and "curbside" (face to face meetings). The implementation and use of physician-to-physician consultation via electronic mail in a military health care system has not been reported previously. The group mail function of the Composite Health Care System, the main outpatient medical automation system for the Department of Defense, was modified to create mailgroups for every specialty of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center to facilitate ease of physician-to-physician consultation. This modification was called the "Ask a Doc" system. The system was deployed to a 21-state health care network among triservice participants. There were 3,121 consultations logged from April 22, 1998, to December 31, 2000. Growth in use expanded initially and was sustained during a 3-year period. Average response time to consultations was less than 1 day (11.93 hours). Additional training and maintenance requirements were minimal. In general, the use of electronic consultation mirrored that of clinical practice. Most specialty consultations involved the disciplines of internal medicine. Use of the Ask a Doc system was representative of total clinical workload and increased access to specialty medical care over a wide geographic area. The distribution of use indicated that user statistics were legitimate, and quality improvement programs could easily troubleshoot the system. Ask a Doc was inserted into a regional health care network with minimal cost to support and implement and was sustained with very little effort for 3 years. Barriers to even wider use currently include lack of secure communications and the difficulty in assigning workload credit for electronic consultations.

  5. Making electronic mail accessible: perspectives of people with acquired cognitive impairments, caregivers and professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todis, B; Sohlberg, M M; Hood, D; Fickas, S

    2005-06-01

    The primary objective of this study was to better understand the technology needs, barriers and strategies of individuals with acquired cognitive impairments (ACI) in order to design and modify technologies with potential for alleviating the diminished independence and social isolation common in this population. The authors hypothesized that (1) higher rates of computer use would be reported by younger, more highly educated individuals with ACI, those with less severe injuries and those with previous computer experience; (2) A low percentage of survey respondents would own their own computers; and (3) People with ACI would experience social isolation and report low frequency of connecting with important people who live far away. A total of 133 individuals with ACI, professionals and care providers completed the survey. To gain more specific information, seven focus groups were conducted with 66 individuals with ACI and 20 care providers. Finally, 10 current email users participated in structured conversations, detailing their strategies for using email. The survey revealed that 80% of subjects with ACI reported owning a computer. Age and education were not predictors of computer use, but individuals whose ACI was the result of more severe injuries were less likely to use computers. As expected, respondents reported that maintaining contact with distant loved ones is problematic. The focus groups and conversations provided more detail about the communication needs of the population and the relative advantages and disadvantages of email compared with telephone and mail. Participants also identified barriers to email use they had encountered or feared they would encounter when using email. A number of accommodations to overcome these barriers were suggested. The results of the survey, focus groups and conversations confirmed the utility of email and other technologies for people with ACI and the need to make these technologies more accessible. The results and

  6. Integrating CD-ROM Medline with electronic mail: first step in implementing new strategy for online reference library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribitzky, R.

    1991-01-01

    Simultaneous ACCESS to and DISSEMINATION of electronically available PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE, in a productive, Cost-of-Ownership effective, and affordable manner are now achievable. Emerging MANAGEMENT-OF-INFORMATION and SYSTEMS-INTEGRATION disciplines are essential contributing factors to devising and implementing NEW STRATEGIES for ONLINE REFERENCE LIBRARIES. Bringing integrated information closer to the ultimate user and RESHAPING the electronic databases and full-text management systems MARKETPLACE are the most significant outcomes. Key technology attributes are advancements in CD-ROM, Networking, and office automation. We have proven this concept by developing an INTERFACE between MEDLINE from COMPACT CAMBRIDGE and ALL-IN-1 from DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORPORATION. Saved search results are automatically routed to the individual's ALL-IN-1 account where further DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT and electronic mail functions may be performed. A 486Ware system from Logicraft and a five-members VAX-Cluster (respectively), are linked in a DECNet environment that is the foundation of Children's Integrated Hospital Information System. In phase one of the project up to 8 SIMULTANEOUS USERS may access the 8 RECENT YEARS, from any one of 1500 ACCESS POINTS (local and remote), and utilize any one of 150 NETWORKED PRINTERS. Opportunities are now within reach to expand the electronic library services while utilizing progressive methods and taking advantage of the best available technologies. PMID:1807668

  7. MAIL DISTRIBUTION

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2001-01-01

    PLEASE NOTE: changed schedule for mail distribution on 21 December 2001 afternoon delivery will be one hour earlier than usual, delivery to LHC sites will take place late morning. Thank you for your understanding.

  8. MAIL DISTRIBUTION

    CERN Multimedia

    J. Ferguson

    2002-01-01

    Following discussions with the mail contractor and Mail Service personnel, an agreement has been reached which permits deliveries to each distribution point to be maintained, while still achieving a large proportion of the planned budget reduction in 2002. As a result, the service will revert to its previous level throughout the Laboratory as rapidly as possible. Outgoing mail will be collected from a single collection point at the end of each corridor. Further discussions are currently in progress between ST, SPL and AS divisions on the possibility of an integrated distribution service for internal mail, stores items and small parcels, which could lead to additional savings from 2003 onwards, without affecting service levels. J. Ferguson AS Division

  9. The Role of E-Mail in an Industrial Dispute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nava Pliskin

    1996-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to show, based on a case study, how electronic communication networks have affected the process of a large scale industrial dispute. The case study describes a two-and-a-half month long strike of academic staff members at all universities in Israel. During the strike, electronic mail (e-mail was used as a major means of communication between faculty members. Sources of data for this paper were mass media reports, including reports from national radio, TV, and newspapers, participant observations, and messages that flowed on the e-mailing list throughout the lengthy strike. Analysis of the data from the various sources suggests that the e-mailing list was instrumental in enabling the strikers to succeed in what was presumed to be a hopeless battle. The paper is concluded with a discussion of the lessons to be drawn from this case for e-mail research and practice

  10. Metacognitive event identification on electronic mail from a Nursing Virtual Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Pereira Coutinho

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A sociometric survey was conducted to investigate the presence of written metacognitive events (WME in messages posted by members of a nursing virtual community. A discussion about nursing science and practice is presented. “Metacognitive event” was characterised on messages through evidence of reflexive activity indicating any level of awareness about author’s cognitive process. Content analysis was performed on 934 e-messages posted during the first six months period of this community. WME were classified non-uniquely as “person”, “strategy” and “task”. Two hundred and sixty six messages with metacognitive events were found, being 180 of them classified as “person”, 115 as “strategy” and 64 as “task”. It is concluded that WME are present and can be identified on posted messages in this virtual community. We believe that the same phenomenon may happen among other similar communities.

  11. Mail distribution

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Please note that starting from 1 March 2007, the mail distribution and collection times will be modified for the following buildings: 6, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 29, 69, 40, 70, 101, 102, 109, 118, 152, 153, 154, 155, 166, 167, 169, 171, 174, 261, 354, 358, 576, 579 and 580. Complementary Information on the new times will be posted on the entry doors and left in the mail boxes of each building. TS/FM Group

  12. Electronic Cigarettes Efficacy and Safety at 12 Months: Cohort Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamberto Manzoli

    Full Text Available To evaluate the safety and efficacy as a tool of smoking cessation of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes, directly comparing users of e-cigarettes only, smokers of tobacco cigarettes only, and smokers of both.Prospective cohort study. Final results are expected in 2019, but given the urgency of data to support policies on electronic smoking, we report the results of the 12-month follow-up.Direct contact and structured questionnaires by phone or via internet.Adults (30-75 years were included if they were smokers of ≥1 tobacco cigarette/day (tobacco smokers, users of any type of e-cigarettes, inhaling ≥50 puffs weekly (e-smokers, or smokers of both tobacco and e-cigarettes (dual smokers. Carbon monoxide levels were tested in a sample of those declaring tobacco smoking abstinence.Sustained smoking abstinence from tobacco smoking at 12 months, reduction in the number of tobacco cigarettes smoked daily.We used linear and logistic regression, with region as cluster unit.Follow-up data were available for 236 e-smokers, 491 tobacco smokers, and 232 dual smokers (overall response rate 70.8%. All e-smokers were tobacco ex-smokers. At 12 months, 61.9% of the e-smokers were still abstinent from tobacco smoking; 20.6% of the tobacco smokers and 22.0% of the dual smokers achieved tobacco abstinence. Adjusting for potential confounders, tobacco smoking abstinence or cessation remained significantly more likely among e-smokers (adjusted OR 5.19; 95% CI: 3.35-8.02, whereas adding e-cigarettes to tobacco smoking did not enhance the likelihood of quitting tobacco and did not reduce tobacco cigarette consumption. E-smokers showed a minimal but significantly higher increase in self-rated health than other smokers. Non significant differences were found in self-reported serious adverse events (eleven overall.Adding e-cigarettes to tobacco smoking did not facilitate smoking cessation or reduction. If e-cigarette safety will be confirmed, however, the use of e

  13. Mail Service

    CERN Multimedia

    TS-FM Group

    2004-01-01

    Tuesday 19 October 2004 Please note that the distribution and collection of mail are likely to be disrupted on Tuesday, October 19, 2004, because of traffic and other restrictions enforced on that day in connection with CERN's fiftieth anniversary celebrations. The service may be completely interrupted in certain areas. Group TS-FM, Tel. 77551

  14. The Application of the Electronic Documentary Mining Technology to the E-mail Monitoring System%电子文档挖掘技术在电子邮件监控系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡立军; 张大方

    2003-01-01

    The e-mail monitoring system is a real-time tool to monitor the content of the e-mail. However, the characteristics (the hypersensinve reformation) in the e-mail extracted systematically by the existing e-mail monitoring system can not sometimes perfectly reflect the practical conditions, meanwhile, the monitoring model established by it is not perfect enough. Therefore, it is easy to have wrong alarm or fail to alarm. According to such conditions, this paper discusses in great details the application of the electronic documentary mining technology in the e-mail monitoring system, and puts forward to adopt the structural model of the electronic documentary mining technology in the e-mail monitoring system.

  15. The impact of electronic mail versus print delivery of an exercise program on muscular strength and aerobic capacity in people with type 2 diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, J David

    2008-09-01

    Previous research indicates that the Internet, electronic mail (e-mail), and printed materials can be used to deliver interventions to improve physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes. However, no studies have been conducted investigating the effect of e-mail or print delivery of an exercise program on muscular strength and aerobic capacity in people with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this clinical trial was to investigate the impact of e-mail vs. print delivery of an exercise program on muscular strength and aerobic capacity in people with type 2 diabetes. Nineteen participants with type 2 diabetes were allocated to either a group that was delivered a prescribed exercise program using e-mail (e-mail group, n = 10) or a group that was delivered the same prescribed exercise program in print form (print group, n = 9). Chest press and leg press estimated one-repetition maximum (1-RM) scores as well as estimated peak oxygen uptake ([latin capital V with dot above]O2peak) were measured at baseline and follow-up. Intention-to-treat analysis indicated significant improvements in chest press (mean = 7.00 kg, p = 0.001, effect size = 2.22) and leg press (mean = 19.32 kg, p = 0.002, effect size = 1.98) 1-RM scores and [latin capital V with dot above]O2peak (mean = 9.38 mL of oxygen uptake per kilogram of body mass per minute, p = 0.01, effect size = 1.45) within the e-mail group. Within the print group, significant improvements in chest press (mean = 9.13 kg, p = 0.01, effect size = 1.49) and leg press (mean = 16.68 kg, p = 0.01, effect size = 1.31) 1-RM scores and [latin capital V with dot above]O2peak (mean = 5.14 ml of oxygen uptake per kilogram of body mass per minute, p = 0.03, effect size = 1.14) were found. No significant between-group differences in improvements were found. Clinicians can deliver a prescribed exercise program, either by e-mail or in print form, to significantly improve muscular strength and aerobic capacity in people with type 2 diabetes

  16. The U.S. Mail vs. E-mail: Understanding Interpersonal Communication through Traditional Pedagogical Pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swarts, Valerie R.; Walters, Timothy L.

    This paper investigates a number of questions concerning the relative advantages of the U.S. Mail versus electronic mail. Specifically, the paper asks: (1) what is the impact that E-mail has on the ways in which people communicate interpersonally in a visual presentation; (2) will E-mail replace such traditional forms of communication as greeting…

  17. Le Courrier Electronique: Un Outil d'Enseignement en Milieu de Travail (Electronic Mail: A Teaching Tool in the Workplace).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desmarais, Lise

    1999-01-01

    Describes a course that used e-mail to improve the German and Spanish written language skills of Canadian Foreign Service Officers. To lower attrition rates, the course required completion of authentic professional tasks, exposing participants to formal, technical, and informal language. Though initial interest was high, attrition was also high,…

  18. Idiolekto požymiai elektroninių laiškų leksikoje. Manifestations of idiolect in the lexis of electronic mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gintarė Žalkauskaitė

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The current study aims to establish features of idiolect in electronic mail and describe word forms that account for differences among individual writers of electronic letters. The data has been derived from a corpus of 65,000 words consisting of electronic letters written in Lithuanian by six subjects over 2008-2010 years. The WordSmith Tools software was used to generate frequency lists of six subcorpora, representing each subject. The analysis of the frequency data revealed certain peculiarities of the subcorpora. For example, the shortened form da (30 occurrences of the adverb dar (‘still, yet, even more’ has been established in only one subcorpus. A list of 139 word forms significantly overused in a particular subcorpus was compiled. It was established, that words attributed to idiolect belong to different word classes, which proves that the features of idiolect can not be limited to one word class. The analysis of these words shows that the main part of them express modality and stance, e. g. some authors more often use modal verb galėti (‘can’, others – reikėti (‘need, have to’, others are chosen from possible synonyms and variants (e. g. shortened vs. full word forms, also there are groups of nonstandard word forms, used by some authors, and time reference words (e. g. one of the authors uses more concrete time references than others and etc. Thus the study has established some lexical evidence of idiolect features in the electronic mail. The results of the study might be applied in forensic linguistics authorship attribution.

  19. Implementasi Pengamanan PGP Pada Platform Zimbra Mail Server

    OpenAIRE

    Dandy Pramana Hostiadi; Ida Bagus Suradarma

    2017-01-01

    Electronic mail is a communication model that is fundamental in the era of globalization. Proven on any form of registration data or information requires the presence of email address(electronic mail). The use of email itself cannot be separated from the abuse (such as stelling password and mail spoofing) from some parties so it needs security form in email communication. Communication security on mail server such as ZIMBRA mail server has been well-implemented, such as the use of ssl certifi...

  20. Did You Get My E-Mail? Moving E-Mails beyond the Inbox

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Susan J.

    2011-01-01

    The challenge today is how to make e-mail and other forms of electronic communication effective in motivating volunteer action. Is it possible to make e-mails feel personal and welcoming? E-mail, instant messaging, texting, and social media are tools that allow individuals to communicate quickly and inexpensively, but they are lifeless without the…

  1. Internal mail envelopes

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unusual stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. Mail Office

  2. URGENT - Internal Mail Envelopes

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unused stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. Mail Office

  3. Building Mail Server on Distributed Computing SYstem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AkihiroShibata; OsamuHamada; 等

    2001-01-01

    The electronic mail has become the indispensable function in daily job,and the server stability and performance are required.Using DCE and DFS we have built the distributed electronic mail sever,that is,servers such as SMPT,IMAP are distributed symmetrically,and provids the seamless access.

  4. Adaptive e-mail classifier for IMAP servers

    OpenAIRE

    Rajčan, Šimon

    2009-01-01

    The subject of this work is to project and implement a system for classification of certified electronic mail, based on rule acquired in certain mode of application. The main aim is classification of positive mail, not abstraction of ineligible mail. System will be implemented as interactive application worked with protokol IMAP4 with mail stored on server.

  5. Federal Mail Expenditures

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Agencies annually report mail data using the Simplified Mail Accountability Reporting Tool (SMART), a web-based reporting tool cosponsored by GSA and the Department...

  6. Mail Office annual closure

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    On the occasion of the annual closure of CERN, there will be no mail distributed on Friday 20 December 2013 but mail will be collected in the morning. Nevertheless, you will still be able to bring your outgoing mail to Building 555-R-002 until 12 noon.  

  7. Mail Delivery | 19 December

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2014-01-01

    Due to the annual closure of CERN, no mail will be distributed on Friday, 19 December but mail will still be collected in the morning. Nevertheless, it will be possible for you to bring outgoing mail to building 555-R-002 until 12 noon.

  8. Globin gene server: a prototype E-mail database server featuring extensive multiple alignments and data compilation for electronic genetic analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardison, R; Chao, K M; Schwartz, S; Stojanovic, N; Ganetsky, M; Miller, W

    1994-05-15

    The sequence of virtually the entire cluster of beta-like globin genes has been determined from several mammals, and many regulatory regions have been analyzed by mutagenesis, functional assays, and nuclear protein binding studies. This very large amount of sequence and functional data needs to be compiled in a readily accessible and usable manner to optimize data analysis, hypothesis testing, and model building. We report a Globin Gene Server that will provide this service in a constantly updated manner when fully implemented. The Server has two principal functions. The first (currently available) provides an annotated multiple alignment of the DNA sequences throughout the gene cluster from representatives of all species analyzed. The second compiles data on functional and protein binding assays throughout the gene cluster. A prototype of this compilation using the aligned 5' flanking region of beta-globin genes from five species shows examples of (1) well-conserved regions that have demonstrated functions, including cases in which the functional data are in apparent conflict, (2) proposed functional regions that are not well conserved, and (3) conserved regions with no currently assigned function. Such an electronic genetic analysis leads to many readily testable hypotheses that were not immediately apparent without the multiple alignment and compilation. The Server is accessible via E-mail on computer networks, and printed results can be obtained by request to the authors. This prototype will be a helpful guide for developing similar tools for many genomic loci.

  9. Comparison of a ULF Wave Index With Dynamics of Geostationary Relativistic Electrons During Space Weather Month

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozyreva, O. V.; Pilipenko, V. A.; Engebretson, M. J.; Yumoto, K.

    2004-05-01

    A new ULF wave index, characterizing the turbulent level of the geomagnetic field, has been calculated and applied for the analysis of relativistic electron enhancements during Space Weather Month (10-30 September 1999). The wave index has been produced from the INTERMAGNET, MACCS and CPMN dense arrays of ULF magnetometers in the Northern hemisphere. During the analyzed period two magnetic storms occurred (on September 12 and 22), and several significant increases of relativistic electron flux at geostationary orbit (up to 2-3 orders of magnitude) were detected by geostationary monitors. However, these electron enhancements were not related to the magnetic storm intervals. Instead, and rather unexpectedly, they correlated well with intervals of elevated ULF wave index, caused by the occurrence of intense Pc5 pulsations in the magnetosphere. This comparison is an additional indication of the possible importance of magnetospheric turbulence in energizing relativistic electrons.

  10. Self Acknowledgeable Intranet Mail System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Rajaprabha M N

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Intranet mail system allows members of an organization to send or receive mails among them. But the sender don’t know whether the sent mail is viewed by the receiver in time or not, the response for the mail in the receiver side and so on, unless he receive a mail or message personally from the receiver. So this Self Acknowledgeable Intranet Mail System has been designed and implemented to benefit thesender about the status of his mail. Once a mail is sent, the sender can know the receiver activity in the mail system until the mail is viewed.

  11. 75 FR 29893 - Business Reply Mail Online Application Option

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ..., Domestic Mail Manual (DMM ) 507.9.3.2 and 507.9.5.2 to eliminate the option to obtain a Business Reply Mail (BRM) permit online. Additionally, the electronic version of PS Form 6805, Qualified Business Reply... 111 Business Reply Mail Online Application Option AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final...

  12. E-mail security: mail clients must use encrypted protocols

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    In the coming weeks, users of mail clients other than Outlook (e.g. Pine, Mozilla, Mac Mail, etc.) may receive an e-mail from Mail-service@cern.ch with instructions to update the security settings of their mail client. The aim of this campaign is to enforce the use of encrypted and authenticated mail protocols in order to prevent the propagation of viruses and protect passwords from theft. As a first step, from 6 June 2006 onwards, access to mail servers from outside CERN will require a securely configured mail client as described in the help page http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=191040. On this page most users will also find tools that will update their mail client settings automatically. Note that Outlook clients and WebMail access are not affected. The Mail Team

  13. Internet versus mail

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Søren Bøye

    In a choice experiment setup, this paper suggests that internet surveys can be a viable alternative to traditional mail surveys when gathering feedback from a sample of respondents. In a study concerning preferences for avoiding encroachment of nature areas in future motorway planning in Denmark......, two samples of respondents are surveyed – one by internet and one by mail. Results suggest that additional self-selection mechanisms in the internet survey mode lead to the internet sample being less representative of the survey population than is the case for the mail sample. Similar response rates...... are obtained in the two samples, but the internet sample is apparently less prone to protest bidding. A thorough parametric analysis cannot reject that stated preferences elicited by use of the two different modes of sampling are identical. This suggests that the fear of a potential survey mode effect...

  14. Internet versus mail

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Søren Bøye

    In a choice experiment setup, this paper suggests that internet surveys can be a viable alternative to traditional mail surveys when gathering feedback from a sample of respondents. In a study concerning preferences for avoiding encroachment of nature areas in future motorway planning in Denmark......, two samples of respondents are surveyed – one by internet and one by mail. Results suggest that additional self-selection mechanisms in the internet survey mode lead to the internet sample being less representative of the survey population than is the case for the mail sample. Similar response rates...... are obtained in the two samples, but the internet sample is apparently less prone to protest bidding. A thorough parametric analysis cannot reject that stated preferences elicited by use of the two different modes of sampling are identical. This suggests that the fear of a potential survey mode effect...

  15. Participation in a mail survey: role of repeated mailings and characteristics of nonrespondents among recent mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larroque, B; Kaminski, M; Bouvier-Colle, M H; Hollebecque, V

    1999-04-01

    This study analysed the characteristics of respondent and nonrespondent mothers at each stage of a survey procedure, from a initial questionnaire to a reminder letter and two repeated mailings. Of 938 mothers of liveborn children who, while maternity inpatients, received a questionnaire and information about a mail survey to follow 2 months later, 828 completed and returned the initial questionnaire, 708 agreed to participate in the mail survey and were sent the mail questionnaire, and 612 finally completed and returned the questionnaire at 2 months. There were differences between respondents and non-respondents for socio-demographic factors at each stage of the process. The final response rate to the mail questionnaire was higher among mothers who were younger, were breast feeding, and had more education, an occupation and fewer children. The characteristics of late respondents were intermediate between those of early to middle respondents and nonrespondents for age, educational level, breast feeding and occupation. Maternal and infant health varied only slightly according to response status. Repeated mailings increased response and diminished selection. A mail questionnaire after contact in a maternity ward is a cost-effective means of gathering data about a large sample of recent mothers and their children.

  16. Therapeutic neuroscience education via e-mail: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louw, Adriaan

    2014-11-01

    Therapeutic neuroscience education (TNE) aims to alter a patient's thoughts and beliefs about pain and has shown efficacy in treating chronic pain. To date, TNE sessions mainly consist of one-on-one verbal communication. This approach limits availability of TNE to pain patients in remote areas. A 32-year-old patient with chronic low back pain (CLBP) who underwent surgery for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) attended a single clinic one-on-one TNE session followed by TNE via electronic mail (e-mail), pacing and graded exposure over a 4-month period. A physical examination, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) were assessed during her initial physical therapy visit as well as 1 and 4 months later. Pre-TNE, the patient reported: NPRS (arm) = 7/10; NPRS (leg) = 4/10; ODI = 10.0%; DASH = 36.7%; FABQ-W = 24; and FABQ-PA = 17. After 5 e-mail sessions all outcome measures improved, most noticeably NRS (arm) = 2/10; NRS (leg) = 0/10; DASH = 16.7%; FABQ-W = 8; and FABQ-PA = 7. TNE can potentially be delivered to suffering pain patients in remote areas or to individuals who have time and financial constraints, and likely at a significant reduced cost via e-mail.

  17. Electron Density Profile Data Contains Virtual Height/Frequency Pairs from a Profile or Profiles (Composite Months) of Ionograms

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Electron Density Profile, N(h), data set contains both individual profiles and composite months. The data consist of virtual height/frequency pairs from a...

  18. A Hybrid Brain-Computer Interface-Based Mail Client

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tianyou Yu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Brain-computer interface-based communication plays an important role in brain-computer interface (BCI applications; electronic mail is one of the most common communication tools. In this study, we propose a hybrid BCI-based mail client that implements electronic mail communication by means of real-time classification of multimodal features extracted from scalp electroencephalography (EEG. With this BCI mail client, users can receive, read, write, and attach files to their mail. Using a BCI mouse that utilizes hybrid brain signals, that is, motor imagery and P300 potential, the user can select and activate the function keys and links on the mail client graphical user interface (GUI. An adaptive P300 speller is employed for text input. The system has been tested with 6 subjects, and the experimental results validate the efficacy of the proposed method.

  19. Implementasi Pengamanan PGP Pada Platform Zimbra Mail Server

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dandy Pramana Hostiadi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Electronic mail is a communication model that is fundamental in the era of globalization. Proven on any form of registration data or information requires the presence of email address(electronic mail. The use of email itself cannot be separated from the abuse (such as stelling password and mail spoofing from some parties so it needs security form in email communication. Communication security on mail server such as ZIMBRA mail server has been well-implemented, such as the use of ssl certificate.  But the security is still standard.  So, when user and password have been found out by third party, email content will be read easily (in cryptography technique it is called plaintext reading. On research that was conducted with pretty good privacy (PGP method email communication security was focused on the email content by encrypting mail text along with the attachment file. In a study conducted, using the mail engine Zimbra mail server. Result of research shows that PGP security is able to secure email content whether the text or the attachment, showing difference of attachment file size is bigger on PGP using and change mail header from the standard mail.

  20. E-mailing jako środek w pracy socjalnej

    OpenAIRE

    Tytko, Marek Mariusz

    2013-01-01

    Hasło w "Słowniku metod, technik i form pracy socjalnej, opiekuńczej i terapeutycznej" ukazuje zastosowanie poczty elektronicznej (e-mailingu) w pracy socjalnej. The entry in "The dictionary of methods, techniques and forms in the social, caring and therapeutic work" shows using electronic mailing (e-mailing) in the social work

  1. E-Mail as an Effective Teaching Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poling, Don J.

    1994-01-01

    The use of electronic mail (e-mail) to facilitate communications between professors and students is presented. Examples of uses include announcements, students' questions, counseling, distribution of class assignments, quizzes, grade posting, homework hints, and attendance issues. Advantages and disadvantages are discussed. (SLW)

  2. Techniques and Tools for Forensic Investigation of E-mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tariq Banday

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available E-mail has emerged as the most important application on Internet for communication of messages, delivery of documents and carrying out of transactions and is used not only from computers but many other electronic gadgets like mobile phones. Over a period of year’s e-mail protocols have been secured through several security extensions and producers, however, cybercriminals continue to misuse it for illegitimate purposes by sending spam, phishing e-mails, distributing child pornography, and hate emails besides propagating viruses, worms, hoaxes and Trojan horses. Further, Internet infrastructure misuse through denial of service, waste of storage space and computational resources are costing everyInternet user directly or indirectly. It is thus essential to identify and eliminate users and machines misusing e-mail service. E-mail forensic analysis is used to study the source and content of e-mail message as evidence, identifying the actual sender, recipient and date and time it was sent, etc. to collect credible evidence to bring criminals to justice. This paper is an attempt to illustrate e-mail architecture from forensics perspective. It describes roles and responsibilities of different e-mail actors and components, itemizes meta-data contained in e-mail headers, and lists protocols and ports used in it. It further describes various tools and techniques currently employed to carry out forensic investigation of an e-mail message.

  3. ssignment's assessment and management of university students via e- mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Ghaderi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available E-mail is one of online teaching means that has prospered recently in universities. That is to say that there is a short term background of using E-mail for assignments’ management and assessment. In this study, I investigated different dimensions of E- mail applicability and usefulness for assessing assignments and its strength and weaknesses among fresh students. For this intention, I based my case study on 158 students in three courses and one professor during a semester. By monitoring case studies and observing self-report checklists I investigated the behaviours of students and their E-mails. The results showed that speed of transmission and giving feedback is much higher than the other current methods. Possibility of electronic search for assignments, giving feedback to students without time and place restriction, group feedbacks and guidance, and reinforcement of teaching – learning in informal times are advantages of using E-mail as a tool for assignment management. However, using E- mail has some limitations, too. Restricting communication to writing, prolonged individual feedbacks, repetitive E- mails, misunderstanding and technical problems among novice students are weaknesses of using e- mail for assessing assignments. At the end I’ll offer some recommendations to make E- mail an effective means for assignments’ assessment.

  4. Technology Corner: Analysing E-mail Headers For Forensic Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tariq Banday

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Mail (E-Mail, which is one of the most widely used applications of Internet, has become a global communication infrastructure service.  However, security loopholes in it enable cybercriminals to misuse it by forging its headers or by sending it anonymously for illegitimate purposes, leading to e-mail forgeries. E-mail messages include transit handling envelope and trace information in the form of structured fields which are not stripped after messages are delivered, leaving a detailed record of e-mail transactions.  A detailed header analysis can be used to map the networks traversed by messages, including information on the messaging software and patching policies of clients and gateways, etc. Cyber forensic e-mail analysis is employed to collect credible evidence to bring criminals to justice. This paper projects the need for e-mail forensic investigation and lists various methods and tools used for its realization. A detailed header analysis of a multiple tactic spoofed e-mail message is carried out in this paper. It also discusses various possibilities for detection of spoofed headers and identification of its originator. Further, difficulties that may be faced by investigators during forensic investigation of an e-mail message have been discussed along with their possible solutions.

  5. 76 FR 7114 - International Mail: Mailing Services Price Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 International Mail: Mailing Services Price Change AGENCY: Postal Service TM ACTION: Final rule... adjustments with the Postal Regulatory Commission to be effective on April 17, 2011. This final rule provides...

  6. Digitalization of incoming mail and incoming bills

    OpenAIRE

    Huč, Andrej

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to provide an overview of the processes involved in the digitalization of materials and having consideration of legal regulations, restrictions and recommendations, make the digitalization process of incoming mail and incoming bills as a cloud-based service. Having an efficient document management system has a significantly positive effect on an organization. In order for documents to be managed more easily and efficiently, they must be converted into an electron...

  7. Evaluating effectiveness and safety toward electronic cigarette among Malaysian vapers: One-month observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azizur Rahman

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: A month follow-up showed a good smoking cessation rate among Malaysian vapers mainly in single users, whereas less number of quitters but the high reduction in tobacco cigarette consumption observed in dual users without any harmful effects. Furthermore, extended period studies are warranted to confirm its long-term safety and effectiveness among different Malaysian population.

  8. Optimal selection for direct mail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bult, [No Value; Wansbeek, T

    1995-01-01

    Direct marketing (mail) is a growing area of marketing practice, yet the academic journals contain very little research on this topic. The most important issue for direct marketers is how to sample targets from a population for a direct mail campaign. Although some selection methods are described in

  9. Optimal selection for direct mail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bult, [No Value; Wansbeek, T

    1995-01-01

    Direct marketing (mail) is a growing area of marketing practice, yet the academic journals contain very little research on this topic. The most important issue for direct marketers is how to sample targets from a population for a direct mail campaign. Although some selection methods are described in

  10. Outcomes of an Intercultural E-Mail Based University Discussion Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furcsa, Laura

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates the development of intercultural awareness in an electronic mail (e-mail) discussion project between Hungarian learners of English and American speakers. Students discussed topics relating to cultures, languages, and pedagogical issues. The e-mails were analyzed in terms of language skill improvement, apprehensiveness…

  11. Cohort study of electronic cigarette use: effectiveness and safety at 24 months.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzoli, Lamberto; Flacco, Maria Elena; Ferrante, Margherita; La Vecchia, Carlo; Siliquini, Roberta; Ricciardi, Walter; Marzuillo, Carolina; Villari, Paolo; Fiore, Maria

    2017-05-01

    To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of e-cigarettes, by comparing users of only e-cigarettes, smokers of only tobacco cigarettes and dual users. Prospective cohort study. We update previous 12-month findings and report the results of the 24-month follow-up. Direct contact and questionnaires by phone or via internet. Adults (30-75 years) were classified as: (1) tobacco smokers, if they smoked ≥1 tobacco cigarette/day, (2) e-cigarette users, if they inhaled ≥50 puffs/week of any type of e-cigarette and (3) dual users, if they smoked tobacco cigarettes and also used e-cigarettes. Carbon monoxide levels were tested in 50% of those declaring tobacco smoking abstinence. Hospital discharge data were used to validate possibly related serious adverse events in 46.0% of the sample. Sustained abstinence from tobacco cigarettes and/or e-cigarettes after 24 months, the difference in the number of tobacco cigarettes smoked daily between baseline and 24 months, possibly related serious adverse events. Data at 24 months were available for 229 e-cigarette users, 480 tobacco smokers and 223 dual users (overall response rate 68.8%). Of the e-cigarette users, 61.1% remained abstinent from tobacco (while 23.1% and 26.0% of tobacco-only smokers and dual users achieved tobacco abstinence). The rate (18.8%) of stopping use of either product (tobacco and/or e-cigarettes) was not higher for e-cigarette users compared with tobacco smokers or dual users. Self-rated health and adverse events were similar between all groups. Among those continuing to smoke, there were no differences in the proportion of participants reducing tobacco cigarette consumption by 50% or more, the average daily number of cigarettes and the average self-rated health by baseline group. Most dual users at baseline abandoned e-cigarettes and continued to smoke tobacco. Those who continued dual using or converted from tobacco smoking to dual use during follow-up experienced significant improvements in the

  12. Business e-mail communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bengin Senka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a discourse analysis in the business e-mail communication with the aim of determining formal and informal linquistic characteristics. Researched corpus has been based on 148 e-mails exchanged between a manager employed in a marketing agency and his clients. The research is based on Speech Act Theory and Theory of Politeness. It has been found that the analyzed business e-mail correspondence is mostly characterized as informal, even with the characteristics of colloquial communication, unlike the expected characteristics of formal business style.

  13. Mail or Phone?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Many marketing executives did a double-take when Chanel in April tested a marketing medium previously shunned by most premium brands: permission email. Shanghai-based marketing firm 21 Communications created the opt-in email campaign to draw customers to Chanel's new skin care product, Precision. The company emailed e-coupons to 120,000 young women earning more than 3,000 yuan(US$363)/month in five cities across China.

  14. Direct e-mail marketing: Case of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Končar Jelena A.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Direct e-mail marketing refers to approaching customers directly, without employing intermediaries. It represents a direct mode of communication with the target population, which affects the creation of stronger and more loyal relationships with prospective customers, compared to traditional direct marketing resources (TV, radio, print and advertising panels, etc. The main goal of direct e-mail marketing is building long-term "one to one" relationships with current and prospective customers. Direct e-mail marketing is not aimed at momentary sale, but at boosting certain product preferences due to the engagement of numerous electronic media.

  15. End-of-year closure - Mail Office

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    On the occasion of the annual closure of CERN, there will be no mail distributed on Tuesday 21 December 2010, but mail will be collected in the morning. Nevertheless, it will be possible for you to bring your mail for the departure until 12:00 at building 555-R-002. Mail Office

  16. Mail2Print online tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    Mail2print is a feature which allows you to send documents to a printer by mail. This tutorial (text attached to the event page) explains how to use this service. Content owner: Vincent Nicolas Bippus Presenter: Pedro Augusto de Freitas Batista Tell us what you think via e-learning.support at cern.ch More tutorials in the e-learning collection of the CERN Document Server (CDS) https://cds.cern.ch/collection/E-learning%20modules?ln=en All info about the CERN rapid e-learning project is linked from http://twiki.cern.ch/ELearning  

  17. New Snail Mail Scanning Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Modernisation does not stop at the CERN postal service (GS/PS). “With more and more digitisation and the prevalence of e-mail throughout the site, we were hoping to provide more timely delivery of letters and make further saving in resources”, said Tueri Datta, head of GS/PS.   Instead of the standard delivery to your P.O. box, the CERN postal service will digitally scan all letters and books up to 100 pages on reception. These scans will subsequently be sent via e-mail to the corresponding recipient as PDF (Portable Data Format - you will need to install “Acrobat Reader” on your PC). Express mail will be handled with priority. Users without a valid CERN mailbox can register at mail.scan.service@cern.ch in order to have their letters read to them via the phone line (we are currently investigating whether we can use the voices of the last five DGs).   This service will start on 1st April 2012 on the Meyrin site and will gradually replace th...

  18. Hooked on E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinoza, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    Information overload, and an expectation that e-mails, tweets, and text messages will be answered immediately, impact productivity. The younger, information-addicted workers have a greater capacity to process this open floodgate of information, as well as a better ability to multitask. Research suggests that there is a marked drop in worker…

  19. Design of monitoring system for mail-sorting based on the Profibus S7 series PLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, W.; Jia, S. H.; Wang, Y. H.; Liu, H.; Tang, G. C.

    2017-01-01

    With the rapid development of the postal express, the workload of mail sorting is increasing, but the automatic technology of mail sorting is not mature enough. In view of this, the system uses Siemens S7-300 PLC as the main station controller, PLC of Siemens S7-200/400 is from the station controller, through the man-machine interface configuration software MCGS, PROFIBUS-DP communication, RFID technology and mechanical sorting hand achieve mail classification sorting monitoring. Among them, distinguish mail-sorting by scanning RFID posted in the mail electronic bar code (fixed code), the system uses the corresponding controller on the acquisition of information processing, the processed information transmit to the sorting manipulator by PROFIBUS-DP. The system can realize accurate and efficient mail sorting, which will promote the development of mail sorting technology.

  20. Uses and Perceptions of E-Mail for Course-Related Communication between Business Faculty and Undergraduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Technological advancements have facilitated the learning process by offering faculty members and students better access to resources, while increasing the potential for more interaction and communication flexibility (Firmin & Miller, 2005). Among these technologies is electronic mail or e-mail. The uses and perceptions of e-mail between business…

  1. Securing E-mail Communication Using Hybrid Cryptosystem on Android-based Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Zakariya

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available One of the most popular internet services is electronic mail (e-mail. By using mobile devices with internet connection, e-mail can be widely used by anyone to exchange information anywhere and anytime whether public or confidential. Unfortunately, there are some security issues with email communication; e-mail is sent in over open networks and e-mail is stored on potentially insecure mail servers. Moreover, e-mail has no integrity protection so the body can be undectected altered in transit or on the e-mail server. E-mail also has no data origin authentication, so people cannot be sure that the emails they receive are from the e-mail address owner. In order to solve this problem, this study proposes a secure method of e-mail communication on Android-based mobile devices using a hybrid cryptosystem which combines symmetric encryption, asymmetric encryption and hash function. The experimental results show that the proposed method succeeded in meeting those aspects of information security including confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation.

  2. Securing E-mail Communication Using Hybrid Cryptosystem on Android-based Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Zakariya

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most popular internet services is electronic mail (e-mail. By using mobile devices with internet connection, e-mail can be widely used by anyone to exchange information anywhere and anytime whether public or confidential. Unfortunately, there are some security issues with email communication; e-mail is sent in over open networks and e-mail is stored on potentially insecure mail servers. Moreover, e-mail has no integrity protection so the body can be undectected altered in transit or on the e-mail server. E-mail also has no data origin authentication, so people cannot be sure that the emails they receive are from the e-mail address owner. In order to solve this problem, this study proposes a secure method of e-mail communication on Android-based mobile devices using a hybrid cryptosystem which combines symmetric encryption, asymmetric encryption and hash function. The experimental results show that the proposed method succeeded in meeting those aspects of information security including confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation.

  3. A protection method against massive error mails caused by sender spoofed spam mails

    OpenAIRE

    Yamai, Nariyoshi; Okayama, Kiyohiko; Miyashita, Takuya; MARUYAMA, Shin; Nakamura, Motonori

    2005-01-01

    Wide spread of spam mails is one of the most serious problems on e-mail environment. Particularly, spam mails with a spoofed sender address should not be left alone, since they make the mail server corresponding to the spoofed address be overloaded with massive error mails generated by the spam mails, and since they waste a lot of network and computer resources. In this paper, we propose a protection method of the mail server against such massive error mails. This method introduces an additio...

  4. Introduction to Mail Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suvarnsing G. Bhable

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Developing different techniques to overcome this problem and protect the consumer, which planted in the hearts of trust people and encouraged them to purchase via the internet. At first you must know what is the main reason for the work of the filtration email the mail service is fast and easy way to exchange messages are singing from the use of traditional mail, there are a large number from of services in the internet requires that you have one email sometimes one of us would like to cancel his participation in one of the sites because of the large number of incoming messages to him from the site does not know and have for a way unsubscribe to get rid of these messages, or would like one of us that some of the messages is prohibited from specific people or locations for some of these problems has the following solution is the work of a filter to any e-mail and work ban for unwanted messages application spam filtering as a last resort, you can set up your own spam blocker with your email application's built-in filter capability Email filtering is the processing of email to organize it according to specified criteria.

  5. Discourse strategies in professional e-mail negotiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Astrid

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e......-mail communication which covers a period of three months, during which the relationship progresses from initial contact to on-going business. Drawing on Hyland's (2005) concept of metadiscourse combined with Charles' (1996) categories of ‘old and new relationship negotiations', this study provides insights...

  6. 77 FR 71643 - Standard Mail Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Standard Mail Pricing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning Standard Mail pricing and related matters. This...

  7. Clasificarea distribuita a mesajelor de e-mail

    CERN Document Server

    Pop, Florin; Trauşan-Matu, Ştefan

    2011-01-01

    A basic component in Internet applications is the electronic mail and its various implications. The paper proposes a mechanism for automatically classifying emails and create dynamic groups that belong to these messages. Proposed mechanisms will be based on natural language processing techniques and will be designed to facilitate human-machine interaction in this direction.

  8. Office Hours--None: An E-Mail Experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atamian, Rubik; DeMoville, Wig

    1998-01-01

    In a college accounting course, two faculty members experimented with a new approach to office hours, with all communication between students and teachers other than classroom dialog. Through electronic mail and other methods of data transmission. This included distribution of course syllabus, reading lists, study materials, and exams, and…

  9. Discourse Strategies in Professional E-Mail Negotiation: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Astrid

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e-mail communication which covers a period of three months,…

  10. "My Heart Want to Say Something": Exploring ELL Vocabulary Use through E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Sung-on; Piazza, Carolyn L.; Pierce, Michael J.; Bryce, Sara M.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on one high school English-language-learner's (ELL) breadth and depth of vocabulary as he communicated with his teacher through e-mail across geographic boundaries for over 18 months. Design/methodology/approach: The authors began by separating 358 e-mails into three time periods (first beginning,…

  11. Assessing e-mail intent and tasks in e-mail messages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sappelli, M.; Pasi, G.; Verberne, S.; Boer, M. de; Kraaij, W.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze corporate e-mail messages as a medium to convey work tasks. Research indicates that categorization of e-mail could alleviate the common problem of information overload. Although e-mail clients provide possibilities of e-mail categorization, not many users spend effort on

  12. Using e-mail to facilitate nursing scholarship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribbons, B; Vance, S

    2001-01-01

    A central tenet of university education is the development of scholarly abilities. The traditional hallmarks of scholarship, such as critical thinking, reflection, creativity, critical analysis, and openness to new thinking, need to be fostered in the face of increasing technological change. Contemporary e-mail applications provide a sophisticated environment in which many of the fundamental skills of scholarship can be nurtured. This article describes an interdisciplinary curricular project in which e-mail was employed as a vehicle to support the development of students' understanding of scholarship within a cohort of first-year undergraduate nursing students. The project involved the establishment of "Virtual Colleague" activity, which used e-mail to conduct scholarly activities, including critical analysis of electronic journals and web sites and peer review. The theoretical underpinning of the project and an evaluation of the project are presented. Future use of such technologies in the promotion of scholarship among nurses is discussed.

  13. On Successful E-Mail Writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Vulić

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is intended to be a simplified guide for the efficient use of e-mail in business and private communication in English. E-mailing is frequently used as a substitute for other kinds of communication in today’s working environment, due in particular, to the fact that messages are transmitted instantly, irrespective of the distance of the recipient. Due to the speed and volume of e-mail, mastering the art of effective e-mail writing includes the knowledge of Network Etiquette or ‘Netiquette’ and it is therefore important that whether it be for business or private use, the basics of e-mail etiquette are followed. When writing an e-mail it is important to consider the recipient. Careful consideration will determine the content and style of the e-mail. No less important is knowing the points of detail in writing e-mail. That is, to be clear and concise in the specific information that the e-mail should contain. Furthermore, abbreviations, acronyms and emoticons are frequently found in e-mail and their use should also be considered. An e-mail is a valuable communication tool and it is essential to use it effectively in order to improve both professional and private communication.

  14. System Architectural Design for Delivering Video Mail over the World—Wide—Web

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SchubertFoo; SiuCheungHui

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the feasibility of providing multimedia mail,in particular video mail,on the existing World-Wide-Web platform.In this instance, the Web browser will act as the user agent of the mailing system.With this,users will be able to compose,send and read video mail directly on the Web, This paper examines a number of different system architectures which can be employed for the development of Video Mail.Based on the following key issues:portability of system,flexibility of system,Internet standard support,security and authentication,and message compression and storage,a final architecture was chosen to build Video Mail.The approach taken is that the system will be interfaced to the Web using a standard Hyper Text Transfer Protocol(HTTP) server and a standard Web brower.This is achieved through the use of Common Gateway Interface(CGI) programs and forms which reside in a standard HTTP server to provide the functionality of video mail,and a separaete mail server for the storage and management of messages.This will cause the HTTp server to behave as if it is an electronic mail system.The paper also addresses implementation issues pertaining to the use of CGI programs,mail server development,and video and auidio composition and playback.

  15. Electronic Commerce and Competitive Procurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    Explains the application of electronic commerce techniques (electronic data interchange (EDI), electronic mail (E-mail), electronic bulletin boards...purchase procedures of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). Changes to the FAR to recognize electronic commerce are recommended. Also discussed...are opportunities to use electronic commerce and small business and legal considerations of electronic commerce . This report describes how electronic

  16. Management and Archiving e-mail Messages in Governmental Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Mohamed A.Mohsen

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The study deals great issue of digital preservation that is e-mail archiving, it covered all aspects of the topic; it discuss: e-mail system, components of e-mail message, advantages and disadvantages of e-mail, official e-mail messages, management of e-mail messages, organizing and arrangement of e-mail messages, keeping and deleting messages, archiving e-mail messages, and some related issues like: privacy and security.

  17. Management and Archiving e-mail Messages in Governmental Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Ashraf Mohamed A.Mohsen

    2006-01-01

    The study deals great issue of digital preservation that is e-mail archiving, it covered all aspects of the topic; it discuss: e-mail system, components of e-mail message, advantages and disadvantages of e-mail, official e-mail messages, management of e-mail messages, organizing and arrangement of e-mail messages, keeping and deleting messages, archiving e-mail messages, and some related issues like: privacy and security.

  18. Properties of evolving e-mail networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Juan; de Wilde, Philippe

    2004-12-01

    Computer viruses spread by attaching to an e-mail message and sending themselves to users whose addresses are in the e-mail address book of the recipients. Here we investigate a simple model of an evolving e-mail network, with nodes as e-mail address books of users and links as the records of e-mail addresses in the address books. Within specific periods, some new links are generated and some old links are deleted. We study the statistical properties of this e-mail network and observe the effect of the evolution on the structure of the network. We also find that the balance between the generation procedure and deletion procedure is dependent on different parameters of the model.

  19. Take control of Apple Mail in Leopard

    CERN Document Server

    Kissell, Joe

    2009-01-01

    Go under the hood with new (and old) features in Apple Mail in Leopard! Are you using Apple Mail in Leopard effectively? In this book, completely updated from its previous Panther and Tiger editions, author Joe Kissell provides comprehensive guidance, with a focus on new and updated features. You'll learn how to use and customize the Mail window, control the size and styling of incoming messages, and make rules to move messages into different mailboxes automatically. The book covers outgoing mail, showing you smart ways to address messages, send attachments, and send HTML-based messages. Bu

  20. Analysis of the Spanish-speaking mailing list RADIOLOGIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Recio, Francisco Javier; Sendra-Portero, Francisco

    2007-07-01

    The objective of this study was to analyse the mailing list RADIOLOGIA during its first 5 years of operation (from 1998 to 2003). A survey questionnaire was sent to evaluate the characteristics of subscribers and to score (from 0 to 9) the functionality, usefulness and quality of the mailing list. All messages sent to the list during the evaluated period were classified and quantified. A social network analysis was performed from all messages replied to during 2001 and 2002 with the option "reply to" included in the subject. One hundred and forty (36.8%) responses were collected from 380 subscribers, mainly radiologists (90.0%). 80% of responders were located in Spain, 16% in Latin America, and 4% in other places. The obtained scores (mean+/-standard deviation) were: functionality 7.4+/-1.3; usefulness 7.0+/-1.4; and quality of e-mail contents 6.0+/-1.4. During the evaluated period 2700 e-mail messages were sent to the list, with a monthly distribution of 44.3+/-26.0. The list functioning has been based on an active minority of subscribers that provided information and responses to the rest of the subscribers, a ring of active members that participated in discussions, and about 50% of passive members.

  1. CERT Resilience Management Model - Mail-Specific Process Areas: Mail Induction (Version 1.0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    impressed upon employees by supervisors and sustained by the influence of the culture. Specific sanctity controls are applied to mail products, such as use...use of a unique, trackable barcode applied to letters, postcards and flat mailpieces (First-Class, Periodicals, Standard Mail), trays , sacks, and...IMb for letters and flats • IMpb for packages • Intelligent Mail tray barcode (IMtb) for trays and sacks • Intelligent Mail Container barcode

  2. The Stages of Mailed Questionnaire Returning Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockhart, Daniel C.

    1984-01-01

    Six stages are hypothesized that define the behavior of returning mailed questionnaires: receiving the questionnaire, opening the mail, forming an overall impression, answering the questions, returning the questionnaire, and dealing with nonrespondents. The researcher must provide incentives at each stage if potential respondents are to complete a…

  3. 75 FR 41989 - Content of Periodicals Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-20

    ... published a final rule in the Federal Register (60 FR 10021-10029) revising the standards. Since that time... 111 Content of Periodicals Mail AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal....3, to update present ``content requirements'' on materials eligible for mailing at...

  4. 76 FR 46856 - Mail Classification Schedule Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... Mail Classification Schedule Change AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request regarding classification changes to Priority... classification changes pursuant to 39 CFR 3020.90 and 3020.91 concerning Priority Mail packaging.\\1\\ \\1\\...

  5. 76 FR 47614 - Mail Classification Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... Mail Classification Change AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request for a change in classification to the ``Reply Rides Free'' program. The change increases the qualifying First-Class mail letter weight. This...

  6. En kort historie om mail art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Theis Vallø

    2016-01-01

    Fra New York Citys eksperimenterende kunstscene i 1950'erne, i stasi-arkiverne og frem til mail art-arkiverne som Mogens Otto Nielsens arkiv på Kunsten i Aalborg.......Fra New York Citys eksperimenterende kunstscene i 1950'erne, i stasi-arkiverne og frem til mail art-arkiverne som Mogens Otto Nielsens arkiv på Kunsten i Aalborg....

  7. 77 FR 28259 - Mailings of Lithium Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ... quantity, size, watt hours, and whether the cells or batteries are packed in equipment, with equipment, or... 111 Mailings of Lithium Batteries AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal... batteries and devices containing lithium batteries. This prohibition also extends to the mailing of lithium...

  8. 78 FR 29785 - Priority Mail Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... Priority Mail Pricing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... using Merchandise Return Service, Priority Mail Open and Distribute, or Premium Forwarding Service. Id....452 percent. Id. at 5. The Postal Service indicates that after the price change, the unused pricing...

  9. 77 FR 75362 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... Mail letters weighing up to two ounces that are intended to be part of an automation or presorted... Letters The pricing structure for presorted and automation First-Class Mail letters retains the change... residual single-piece letters that are part of the same mailing job and presented at the same time as...

  10. 78 FR 63915 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ...: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: On September 26, 2013, the Postal Service filed a notice of mailing services price adjustments with the Postal Regulatory Commission (PRC), effective January 2014. This proposed rule contains... permits the mail to move directly to the FSS mail prep area. In the August 23, 2010 final rule, the Postal...

  11. 76 FR 10757 - Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Parts 111 and 121 Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is revising Mailing Standards of the United States Postal...

  12. 75 FR 56920 - Express Mail Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... guarantee for Express Mail Open and Distribute is receipt by end of day (11:59 p.m.) and ends upon receipt... ``EXPRESS MAIL OPEN AND DIST'' or ``PRIORITY MAIL OPEN AND DIST,'' as applicable. c. For Line 3 (origin...

  13. Compulsory registration of mail servers in order to accept e-mail from the Internet

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2008-01-01

    This announcement is intended only for administrators of a mail server (sendmail, postfix, etc.). It concerns e-mails sent from the Internet to addresses of the following type: somemailbox@somehost.cern.ch. Mail server managers are requested to register their servers so that they can accept e-mail from outside CERN. In future the CERN mail infrastructure will relay messages from outside CERN only to officially registered mail servers. This rule applies only to messages sent from the Internet. There will be NO change with respect to messages sent from inside CERN. If you are responsible for a mail server that accepts e-mails from outside CERN, please read the following page: http://cern.ch/mail/Help/?kbid=191090, where you can find information about the new rule and check if your host is already registered in the system. If you wish to register a mail server please send a message to: mailto:mail.support@cern.ch. This rule will be gradually enforced from 20 February 2008 onwards. Thank you for your cooperation...

  14. Mailing lists are preferred to newsgroups as teaching tools for undergraduate biology classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machart, J M; Silverthorn, D U

    2000-06-01

    Effective communication between instructors and students is a challenge regardless of the instructor-to-student ratio. Instructors of large classes, in particular, have resorted to various forms of Internet communication, such as mailing lists and newsgroups, to supplement class time and office hours. Mailing lists are closed discussions among subscribers who receive and send messages via an electronic mail program (e.g., Eudora). Newsgroups are public discussions to which anyone can gain access and respond via a newsreader program (e.g., Nuntius). Newsgroup messages are posted to a bulletin board that the subscriber must visit to read. Mailing lists and newsgroups share many advantages (convenience, greater anonymity, and speed of communication) and disadvantages (computer access required, impersonal nature, junk mail, and lack of graphics in older programs). However, surveys of both faculty and students in biology indicate that mailing lists are generally favored over newsgroups. Reasons given for mailing list popularity included greater familiarity with the E-mail format and ease of access.

  15. Clinical outcomes of long-acting injectable risperidone in patients with schizophrenia: six-month follow-up from the Electronic Schizophrenia Treatment Adherence Registry in Latin America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apiquian, Rogelio; Córdoba, Rodrigo; Louzã, Mario

    2011-01-01

    Background Risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) has been shown to be efficacious, improve compliance, and increase long-term retention rate on therapy. The aim of this work was to determine the effect of RLAI on clinical outcome and hospitalization rate in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder enrolled in the electronic Schizophrenia Treatment Adherence Registry in Latin America. Methods Data were collected at baseline, retrospectively for the 12 months prior to baseline, and prospectively every three months for 24 months. Hospitalization prior to therapy was assessed by a retrospective chart review. Efficacy and functioning were evaluated using Clinical Global Impression of Illness Severity (CGI-S), Personal and Social Performance (PSP), and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scores. Relapse and treatment were also registered. Results Patients were recruited in Mexico (n = 53), Brazil (n = 11), and Colombia (n = 15). Sixty-five percent (n = 52) were male, and mean age was 32.9 years. Patients were classified as having schizophrenia (n = 73) or schizoaffective disorder (n = 6). The mean dose of RLAI at six months was 34.1 mg (standard deviation = 10.2 mg). The percentage of hospitalized patients before treatment was 28.2% and 5.1% at six months after initiating RLAI (P < 0.001). Significant changes were registered on CGI-S, GAF, and PSP scores. Conclusions RLAI was associated with an improvement in clinical symptoms and functioning, and a greater reduction in hospitalization. PMID:21326651

  16. 75 FR 10529 - Mail Classification Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-08

    ... Mail Classification Change AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Classification Schedule. The change affects a change in terminology. This notice addresses procedural steps....90 et seq. concerning a change in classification which reflects a change in terminology from...

  17. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive product... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission...

  18. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... (2) asks the Commission to include the new contract within the International Business Reply Service... Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Settlement... COMMISSION International Mail Postal Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice....

  19. NOCBS -- Use of CBS mail on satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, P. M.

    Since the introduction of version 5 of VMS and the Coloured Books software (CBS), it has been possible to send CBS mail from within VMS mail by using an address of the form "CBS%nodename::username". This only works on cluster nodes that have CBS installed. The usual situation at Starlink sites that have VAXclusters is that CBS is installed on only one machine in the cluster.

  20. Response of Deep Subsurface Microbial Community to Different Carbon Sources and Electron Acceptors during ∼2 months Incubation in Microcosms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purkamo, Lotta; Bomberg, Malin; Nyyssönen, Mari; Ahonen, Lasse; Kukkonen, Ilmo; Itävaara, Merja

    2017-01-01

    Acetate plays a key role as electron donor and acceptor and serves as carbon source in oligotrophic deep subsurface environments. It can be produced from inorganic carbon by acetogenic microbes or through breakdown of more complex organic matter. Acetate is an important molecule for sulfate reducers that are substantially present in several deep bedrock environments. Aceticlastic methanogens use acetate as an electron donor and/or a carbon source. The goal of this study was to shed light on carbon cycling and competition in microbial communities in fracture fluids of Finnish crystalline bedrock groundwater system. Fracture fluid was anaerobically collected from a fracture zone at 967 m depth of the Outokumpu Deep Drill Hole and amended with acetate, acetate + sulfate, sulfate only or left unamended as a control and incubated up to 68 days. The headspace atmosphere of microcosms consisted of 80% hydrogen and 20% CO2. We studied the changes in the microbial communities with community fingerprinting technique as well as high-throughput 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The amended microcosms hosted more diverse bacterial communities compared to the intrinsic fracture zone community and the control treatment without amendments. The majority of the bacterial populations enriched with acetate belonged to clostridial hydrogenotrophic thiosulfate reducers and Alphaproteobacteria affiliating with groups earlier found from subsurface and groundwater environments. We detected a slight increase in the number of sulfate reducers after the 68 days of incubation. The microbial community changed significantly during the experiment, but increase in specifically acetate-cycling microbial groups was not observed. PMID:28265265

  1. CERT Resilience Management Model - Mail-Specific Process Areas: International Mail Transportation (Version 1.0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    requirements to the physical IMPC facilities where mail transportation activities are conducted and other physical, environmental , and geographical...controls to support the resilience of mail and mail services during transportation are managed in the CERT-RMM Environmental Control process area. The...RISK:SG3 and RISK:SG4 in the CERT-RMM Risk Management process area. Typical Work Products 1. Postal item risk statements, with impact valuation 2

  2. Can a Box of Mailed Materials Achieve the Triple Aims of Health Care? The Mailed Chronic Disease Self-Management Tool Kit Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorig, Kate; Ritter, Philip L; Moreland, Courtney; Laurent, Diana D

    2015-09-01

    Not all patients with chronic conditions are able or willing to participate in small-group or Internet self-management programs. Based on the Arthritis Mailed Took Kit Program and the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program, a mailed Chronic Disease Self-Management Tool Kit, delivered in a onetime mailing, was developed as an alternative mode of delivery. Kits were mailed to a national sample of 255 participants with varying chronic conditions and evaluated in a longitudinal (6-month) trial. Outcomes reflected the triple aims of health care. At 6 months, participants demonstrated better health care indicators, better health indicators, and less health care utilization. There were significant improvements in two health care indicators and six health indicators and reductions in physician visits. Follow-up response rate was high (85%). There were no significant baseline differences between responders and nonresponders. Subgroup analyses were performed for a number of subgroups, including those with arthritis (58%) and/or depression (43%), and for African Americans (14%). Subgroups demonstrated improvements equal to or better than the overall group. The Mailed Chronic Disease Self-Management Tool Kit represents a third mode, along with small groups and Internet, of delivering self-management patient education, and appears to contribute to meeting the triple aims of health care for those who actively chose this mode of delivery. © 2015 Society for Public Health Education.

  3. Clinical outcomes of long-acting injectable risperidone in patients with schizophrenia: six-month follow-up from the Electronic Schizophrenia Treatment Adherence Registry in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Louzã

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Rogelio Apiquian1, Rodrigo Córdoba2, Mario Louzã31Americas University, Behavior and Development Sciences Division, Mexico City, Mexico; 2Nervous System Research Center-CISNE, Bogota, Colombia; 3Schizophrenia Research Program, Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, BrazilBackground: Risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI has been shown to be efficacious, improve compliance, and increase long-term retention rate on therapy. The aim of this work was to determine the effect of RLAI on clinical outcome and hospitalization rate in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder enrolled in the electronic Schizophrenia Treatment Adherence Registry in Latin America.Methods: Data were collected at baseline, retrospectively for the 12 months prior to baseline, and prospectively every three months for 24 months. Hospitalization prior to therapy was assessed by a retrospective chart review. Efficacy and functioning were evaluated using Clinical Global Impression of Illness Severity (CGI-S, Personal and Social Performance (PSP, and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF scores. Relapse and treatment were also registered.Results: Patients were recruited in Mexico (n = 53, Brazil (n = 11, and Colombia (n = 15. Sixty-five percent (n = 52 were male, and mean age was 32.9 years. Patients were classified as having schizophrenia (n = 73 or schizoaffective disorder (n = 6. The mean dose of RLAI at six months was 34.1 mg (standard deviation = 10.2 mg. The percentage of hospitalized patients before treatment was 28.2% and 5.1% at six months after initiating RLAI (P < 0.001. Significant changes were registered on CGI-S, GAF, and PSP scores.Conclusions: RLAI was associated with an improvement in clinical symptoms and functioning, and a greater reduction in hospitalization.Keywords: long-acting, risperidone, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, Latin America

  4. Impact of an Electronic Cigarette on Smoking Reduction and Cessation in Schizophrenic Smokers: A Prospective 12-Month Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Caponnetto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cigarette smoking is a tough addiction to break. This dependence is the most common dual diagnosis for individuals with schizophrenia. Currently three effective drugs are approved for smoking cessation: nicotine replacement therapy (NRT, varenicline and bupropion. However, some serious side effects of varenicline have been reported, including depression, suicidal thoughts, and suicide. The use of bupropion also has side effects. It should not be used by people who have epilepsy or any condition that lowers the seizure threshold, nor by people who take a specific class of drugs called monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Hence, there are pharmacodynamic reason to believe they could precipitate or exacerbate psychosis. For its capacity to deliver nicotine and provide a coping mechanism for conditioned smoking cues by replacing some of the rituals associated with smoking gestures, electronic-cigarettes may reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms without serious side effects. Our recent work with ECs in healthy smokers not intending to quit consistently show surprisingly high success rates. We hypothesised that these positive findings could be replicated in difficult patients with schizophrenia This tool may help smokers with schizophrenia remain abstinent during their quitting attempts or to reduce cigarette consumption. Efficacy and safety of these devices in long-term smoking cessation and/or smoking reduction studies have never been investigated for this special population. Methods: In this study we monitored possible modifications in smoking habits of 14 smokers (not intending to quit with schizophrenia experimenting with the “Categoria” e-Cigarette with a focus on smoking reduction and smoking abstinence. Study participants were invited to attend six study visits: at baseline, week-4, week-8, week-12 week-24 and week 52. Product use, number of cigarettes smoked, carbon monoxide in exhaled breath (eCO and positive and negative symptoms of

  5. Troubleshooting Requests e-mail Confirmation

    CERN Multimedia

    TS Department

    2004-01-01

    In an ongoing effort to improve quality of the repair requests, a new e-mail confirmation automatic system will be implemented starting from the 21st October. All repair requests transmitted to the TCR (72201) or the FM Helpdesk (77777) will be confirmed in an e-mail to the requestor, provided that the latter has a valid e-mail address in the HR database. The e-mail will contain a reference number, a brief description of the problem, the location and a contact where more information can be obtained. A second e-mail will be sent when the processing of the repair request is finished. We hope that this initiative will improve the transparency and quality of our service. Helpdesk Troubleshooting Requests (reminder) We remind you that all the repair requests and other communication concerning the CERN machine buildings have to be transmitted to the TCR via 72201, whereas the ones concerning tertiary buildings are handled directly by the FM helpdesk under the phone number 77777, i.e. problems on systems and equ...

  6. E-mail to SMS service change

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2010-01-01

    If you have a CERN e-mail account, you have probably already used one of the popular services that CERN’s IT Department offers to CERN users: the mail2SMS service. It allows any CERN e-mail account holder to send short messages (SMS) free of charge to CERN GSM phone numbers. Further to recent negotiations with our GSM operator, this service has been extended. It is now possible to send short messages free of charge to any Swiss mobile number. This extension of service aims at replacing the similar service that was made available by SWITCH(1) to CERN users (address: mobilenumber@sms.switch.ch). Because of repeated abuse, this service will be definitively stopped for CERN users on 15th January 2010. Please keep in mind that CERN’s e-mail to SMS service still has some restrictions: messages can only be sent from CERN mail accounts, and not from personal ones, such as GMAIL, MSN, Yahoo; the maximum length of the message is 160 characters (standard maximum SMS length); and only Swiss mobile...

  7. 76 FR 76619 - International Mail: New Prices and Fee Changes-Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-08

    ... fraction thereof)......... 0.80 Duplicate copy of PS Form 3606 1.15 * * * * * International Business Reply Service (382) [For each country that offers International Business Reply Service, revise the fees to read... 20 International Mail: New Prices and Fee Changes--Mailing Services AGENCY: Postal Service...

  8. 77 FR 64775 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... single- piece First-Class Mail prices, on a mixed network distribution center (NDC) pallet. The Postal... Parcels, Including Product Samples Prices for marketing parcels are designed for parcels containing... information. Standard Mail Marketing parcels would be mailable at Presorted prices only, except for the new...

  9. 76 FR 16588 - Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... only carrier route mail for the same 5-digit ZIP Code. Labeling: ] 1. Line 1: city, State, and 5-digit ZIP Code destination (see 8.6.4c for overseas military mail). 2. Line 2: ``STD/PER FLTS''; followed by... 5- digit ZIP Code. Labeling: 1. Line 1: city, State, and 5-digit ZIP Code destination (see...

  10. Comparing Two Web/Mail Mixed-Mode Contact Protocols to a Unimode Mail Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newberry, Milton G., III; Israel, Glenn D.

    2017-01-01

    Recent research has shown mixed-mode surveys are advantageous for organizations to use in collecting data. Previous research explored web/mail mode effects for four-contact waves. This study explores the effect of web/mail mixed-mode systems over a series of contacts on the customer satisfaction data from the Florida Cooperative Extension Service…

  11. [Sampling and conveyance of mail testing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higashino, Kouji

    2005-12-01

    In mail testing, a testee collects samples at home from his or her own body, and mails them to the medical institution. Because the testee does not need to attend the medical institution, an advantage of mail testing is that it is not time-consuming. Because the amount of sample is small and time from sampling to measurement is long, the manner of collecting and transporting samples are important factors affecting the precision of the result. There is the risk that inappropriate sample picking can occur, as the testee, who is not skilled in medical testing, may obtain the sample. Moreover, the samples may include blood, urine, secretions, and so on. Depending on the purpose of the test, the transport and sampling method varies, and the character of the sampling device and transport method influence the procedure required. I describe collection methods and other issues in this paper according to medical examination item, sample, and sampling.

  12. Trends, Issues and Challenges Concerning Spam Mails

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra Nath Shrivastava

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Traditional correspondence system has now been replaced by internet, which has now become indispensable in everyone’s life. With the advent of the internet, majority of people correspond through emails several times in a day. However, as internet has evolved, email is being exploited by spammers so as to disturb the recipients’. The entire internet community pays the price, every time there pops a spam mail. Online privacy of the users is compromised when spam disturbs a network by crashing mail servers and filling up hard disks. Servers classified as spam sites are forfeited from sending mails to the recipients’. This paper gives the broader view of spam, issues challenges and statistical losses occurred on account of spams.

  13. PERANCANGAN MAIL SERVER ZIMBRA MENGGUNAKAN TEKNOLOGI VIRTUALISASI STUDI KASUS : SMK PANCAKARYA KOTA TANGERANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Prasetiawan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The development of information technology is growing rapidly spur the emergence of new technologies are constantly evolving. The development of technologies that generate more reliable, efficient, economical, and powerful than previous technology. Electronic mail (email is a form of communication and correspondence electronically through a computer system and transmitted to another computer that is intended to traverse the computer network. The existence of mail server is needed to support the communication needs via email. Zimbra Mail Server is implemented using virtualization technology with the operating system Proxmox which is a Linux distribution based on Debian and to guestnya operating system SLES (Suse Linux Enterprise Server. This research was conducted at the agency already has a previous computer networking facilities, so that the research was conducted to complement the needs of the mail server at the institution. The result achieved is a mail application server using virtualization technology that has the facilities and the web-based mail client applications, antivirus and antispam.

  14. Discovery and analysis of e-mail-driven business processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stuit, Marco; Wortmann, Hans

    E-mail is used as the primary tool for business communication and collaboration. This paper presents a novel e-mail interaction mining method to discover and analyze e-mail-driven business processes. An e-mail-driven business process is perceived as a human collaboration process that consists of

  15. Factors That Impact Nurses’ Utilization of Electronic Mail (E-Mail).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-05-21

    is whether the data collected by the researcher reflects the truth (Polit & Hungler, 1995). Lincoln and Guba (1985) reference the term trustworthiness...involved the informal sharing of information and ideas with fellow research consultants playing the role, as suggested by Lincoln and Guba , of "the...groups. According to Lincoln and Guba (1985) it is not the goal of qualitative research to provide an index of transferability; however, it should

  16. Take control of spam with Apple Mail

    CERN Document Server

    Kissell, Joe

    2009-01-01

    Questions answered in this book include: How does Mail's Junk Mail filtering really work?How does the spam filter use my Previous Recipients list?How could a spammer's email addresses get on my Previous Recipients list?What can I do to not get so much spam in the first place?What's the deal with email that pretends to come from my bank?What features should I look for in a spam-fighting utility or service?Should I try server-based filtering?

  17. Secure E-mailing Between Physicians and Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido, Terhilda; Meng, Di; Wang, Jian J.; Palen, Ted E; Kanter, Michael H.

    2014-01-01

    Secure e-mailing between Kaiser Permanente physicians and patients is widespread; primary care providers receive an average of 5 e-mails from patients each workday. However, on average, secure e-mailing with patients has not substantially impacted primary care provider workloads. Secure e-mail has been associated with increased member retention and improved quality of care. Separate studies associated patient portal and secure e-mail use with both decreased and increased use of other health c...

  18. 78 FR 24239 - Temporary Mailing Promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... Temporary Mailing Promotion AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... with offering a Technology Credit Promotion. This notice informs the public of the Postal Service's... changes associated with offering a Technology Credit Promotion.\\1\\ The promotion is planned to begin...

  19. 78 FR 21171 - International Mail Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-09

    ... International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 negotiated service agreement (Agreement).\\1... Docket Nos. MC2011-21 and CP2011-59, Order No. 684, Order Approving International Business Reply Service... International Mail Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission...

  20. 78 FR 21633 - International Mail Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 negotiated service agreement (Agreement).\\1... Docket Nos. MC2011-21 and CP2011-59, Order No. 684, Order Approving International Business Reply Service... International Mail Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission...

  1. 75 FR 47717 - Content of Periodicals Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... transparency That sentence is currently incorporated in Customer Support Ruling (CSR) PS-234, titled... are contained in Customer Support Ruling (CSR) PS-273. However, the Postal Service finds these... automated processing by the Postal Service of all types of mail including letters, flats, and parcels, it...

  2. Don’t let your mail leak

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2012-01-01

    At CERN, data privacy is of paramount importance, and we are currently developing a comprehensive data protection policy. For example, your CERN mailbox and your “private” folders on AFS and DFS are considered yours...   You might feel like you have nothing to hide, but we are not only talking about personal e-mail: data privacy also pertains to financial mail (acquisitions, tenders), mail related to HR (contracts, assessments), medical information, etc.  As this is considered “private” even if it is work-related, the data cannot normally be accessed by your supervisor, the AFS/DFS/mail service administrators or even the Computer Security Team. Tight procedures have been established for the rare cases where such access is necessary, and these require the prior approval of the CERN Computer Security Officer or the IT Department Head, the Legal Service and the DG (see here for more details). Data privacy is not only the responsibility of the O...

  3. Who Owns Your E-mail?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panepinto, Joe

    1995-01-01

    Examines recent findings that could influence the use of e-mail on university campuses. National privacy legislation and the inviolability of student records are discussed. It is concluded that more effective safeguards are necessary, and that the current steps are inadequate for the protection of students' rights. (Author/LRW)

  4. Censoring the Mails: What Is Your Opinion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Mary, Ed.; Childress, Marilyn, Ed.

    1982-01-01

    Contains a primary source document--a letter written in 1916 protesting U.S. Postal Service censorship of an anarchist publication--and suggests ways to use the document in secondary U.S. history classes. Samples of student surveys on mail censorship and a document analysis worksheet are included. (AM)

  5. 7 CFR 322.9 - Mailed packages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mailed packages. 322.9 Section 322.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of...

  6. 7 CFR 322.17 - Mailed packages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mailed packages. 322.17 Section 322.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation of...

  7. 7 CFR 322.32 - Mailed packages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mailed packages. 322.32 Section 322.32 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit...

  8. 24 CFR 3500.11 - Mailing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mailing. 3500.11 Section 3500.11 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  9. E-mail security a pocket guide

    CERN Document Server

    Furnell, Steven

    2010-01-01

    This pocket guide will help businesses to address the most important issues. Its comprehensive approach covers both the technical and the managerial aspects of the subject, offering valuable insights for IT professionals, managers and executives, as well as for individual users of e-mail.

  10. Effectiveness of the Electronic Cigarette: An Eight-Week Flemish Study with Six-Month Follow-up on Smoking Reduction, Craving and Experienced Benefits and Complaints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolien Adriaens

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Smoking reduction remains a pivotal issue in public health policy, but quit rates obtained with traditional quit-smoking therapies remain disappointingly low. Tobacco Harm Reduction (THR, aiming at less harmful ways of consuming nicotine, may provide a more effective alternative. One promising candidate for THR are electronic cigarettes (e-cigs. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of second-generation e-cigs both in terms of acute craving-reduction in the lab and in terms of smoking reduction and experienced benefits/complaints in an eight-month Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT. Design: RCT with three arms. Methods: Participants (N = 48 unwilling to quit smoking were randomized into two e-cig groups and one control group. During three lab sessions (over two months participants, who had been abstinent for four hours, vaped/smoked for five minutes, after which we monitored the effect on craving and withdrawal symptoms. eCO and saliva cotinine levels were also measured. In between lab sessions, participants in the e-cig groups could use e-cigs or smoke ad libitum, whereas the control group could only smoke. After the lab sessions, the control group also received an e-cig. The RCT included several questionnaires, which repeatedly monitored the effect of ad libitum e-cig use on the use of tobacco cigarettes and the experienced benefits/complaints up to six months after the last lab session. Results: From the first lab session on, e-cig use after four hours of abstinence resulted in a reduction in cigarette craving which was of the same magnitude as when a cigarette was smoked, while eCO was unaffected. After two months, we observed that 34% of the e-cig groups had stopped smoking tobacco cigarettes, versus 0% of the control group (difference p < 0.01. After five months, the e-cig groups demonstrated a total quit-rate of 37%, whereas the control group showed a quit rate of 38% three months after initiating e-cig use. At

  11. Association of diabetes in pregnancy with child weight at birth, age 12 months and 5 years--a population-based electronic cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly Morgan

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This study examines the effect of diabetes in pregnancy on offspring weight at birth and ages 1 and 5 years. METHODS: A population-based electronic cohort study using routinely collected linked healthcare data. Electronic medical records provided maternal diabetes status and offspring weight at birth and ages 1 and 5 years (n = 147,773 mother child pairs. Logistic regression models were used to obtain odds ratios to describe the association between maternal diabetes status and offspring size, adjusted for maternal pre-pregnancy weight, age and smoking status. FINDINGS: We identified 1,250 (0.9% pregnancies with existing diabetes (27.8% with type 1 diabetes, 1,358 with gestational diabetes (0.9% and 635 (0.4% who developed diabetes post-pregnancy. Children whose mothers had existing diabetes were less likely to be large at 12 months (OR: 0.7 (95%CI: 0.6, 0.8 than those without diabetes. Maternal diabetes was associated with high weight at age 5 years in children whose mothers had a high pre-pregnancy weight tertile (gestational diabetes, (OR:2.1 (95%CI:1.25-3.6, existing diabetes (OR:1.3 (95%CI:1.0 to 1.6. CONCLUSION: The prevention of childhood obesity should focus on mothers with diabetes with a high maternal pre-pregnancy weight. We found little evidence that diabetes in pregnancy leads to long term obesity 'programming'.

  12. 75 FR 52378 - Transfer of Commercial Standard Mail Parcels to Competitive Product List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-25

    ... Commission to transfer commercial Standard Mail Parcels from the Mail Classification Schedule's Market... to transfer commercial Standard Mail Parcels from the Mail Classification Schedule's Market Dominant... Commercial Standard Mail Parcels to Competitive Product List AGENCY: Postal Service. TM ACTION:...

  13. Legal and policy issues associated with monitoring employee E-mail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Segura, M.A.; Rither, A.C.

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the legal issues involved with employer monitoring of employee e-mail. In addition to identifying pertinent legal issues, the paper provides guidelines that will help the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) establish a program for monitoring outgoing e-mail to insure compliance with company policies, particularly those regarding protection of trade secrets and proprietary information, and to comply with the Department of Energy`s (DOE) procedures for protecting Export Controlled Information (ECI). Electronic communication has allowed companies to enhance efficiency, responsiveness and effectiveness. E-mail allows employees to transmit all types of data to other individuals inside and outside of their companies. The ease with which information can be transmitted by e-mail has placed trade secrets, proprietary information, and other sensitive data at risk from inadvertent disclosure by employees. As employers attempt to protect their interests through measures such as monitoring e-mail, they may expose themselves to liability under federal and state laws for violating employee privacy. Business use of e-mail has proliferated so rapidly that the federal and state legal systems have not been able to adequately address the issues arising out of its use in the workplace.

  14. Kajian Kesantunan dalam E-Mail Permohonan yang Ditulis oleh Penutur Jepang dan Pembelajar Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hani Wahyuningtias

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays electronic mail (e-mail is a communication tool that is often used in everyday life. One of the utilizations of e-mail is used in practical purposes such as making a request. This paper provided views on linguistic politeness in submitting an e-mail containing the request based on e-mail data written by native speakers of Japanese (J and the Indonesian Japanese language learners (IJL. The data was analyzed using the theory of politeness expressed by Brown and Levinson. This paper focused on the strategy that what more likely was to be used by J and IJL in the expression of request. In the final part, it concluded the view about what should be considered in connection with the linguistic politeness in Japanese e-mail containing request. It was intended for learners of foreign language, especially Indonesian people, to know the limitation of politeness, so that IJL will not repeat the same mistakes in the future.

  15. SMEmail - A New Protocol for the Secure E-mail in Mobile Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Toorani, Mohsen

    2010-01-01

    The electronic mail plays an unavoidable role in the humankind communications. With the great interest for the connection via mobile platforms, and the growing number of vulnerabilities and attacks, it is essential to provide suitable security solutions regarding the limitations of resource restricted platforms. Although some solutions such as PGP and S/MIME are currently available for the secure e-mail over the Internet, they are based on traditional public key cryptography that involves huge computational costs. In this paper, a new secure application-layer protocol, called SMEmail, is introduced that provides several security attributes such as confidentiality, integrity, authentication, non-repudiation, and forward secrecy of message confidentiality for the electronic mails. SMEmail offers an elliptic curve-based public key solution that uses public keys for the secure key establishment of a symmetric encryption, and is so suitable for the resource restricted platforms such as mobile phones.

  16. Current e-mailing of Nutricia and overtures for improving.

    OpenAIRE

    Valc, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    Objective is analyse current e-mailing of Nutricia and offer the best possible in automated e-mailing. Recommendations are based on possibilities of e-mailing tool Silverpop, which belongs to the best technologies of present days and which Nutricia chose for development of its e-mailing. Based on his experience as e-mailing specialist and operator of Silverpop author will recommend the best what is possible in today's e-mail marketing and adapt it for Nutricia business.Theory is concieved as ...

  17. A comparison of the dosimetric characteristics of a glass rod dosimeter and a thermoluminescent dosimeter for mailed dosimeter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rah, Jeong-Eun [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Ju-Young [Department of Radiation Oncology, Kangnam St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Gwe-Ya [Department of Radiation Oncology, Austin Caner Centers, Austin, TX (United States); Kim, Yon-Lae [Department of Radiation Oncology, Konkuk University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Dong-Oh [Department of Radiation Oncology, Kyung Hee University, School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Tae-Suk [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: suhsanta@catholic.ac.kr

    2009-01-15

    A radiophotoluminescent glass rod dosimeter (RPL-GRD) system has recently become commercially available. The purpose of this study was to investigate the dosimetric characteristics (reproducibility, linearity, fading, energy dependence and angular dependence) of the RPL-GRD for a mailed dosimeter and to compare it with LiF-TLD powder. In this study, the model GD-301 GRD and TLD-700 were powder type used. All measurements with the exception of angular dependence were performed in a water phantom using a holder stand. The RPL-GRD has better reproducibility than the TLD for the Co-60 beam as well as for the clinical photon beam. The RPL-GRD signal was linear as a function of applied dose in the range of 0.5-3 Gy for the Co-60 gamma rays. The fading of the RPL-GRD after a received dose of 2 Gy was initially found to be within 1.7% for five months. The energy dependence of both dosimeters was found to be less than 1.6% for photon beams, but was less than 5.0% for electron beams, which was in agreement with published data. The angular dependence of the RPL-GRD was measured to be approximately 1.4% for angles ranging {+-}90 deg. from the beam axis using a spherical polystyrene phantom. The measurements comparing RPL-GRD and TLD dosimetric characteristics demonstrated that the RPL-GRD is suitable for mailed dosimetry in a quality assurance (QA) audit program.

  18. Visual ergonomics interventions in mail sorting facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemphälä, H; Hansson, G-Å; Dahlqvist, C; Eklund, J

    2012-01-01

    This study was performed between 2004 and 2011 at mail sorting facilities in Sweden. During this time, different interventions were performed. The first was a lighting intervention that had a positive impact on the postal workers, especially those with eyestrain. A new lighting system also improved the illuminance and gave better light distribution. The second intervention involved new personal spectacles for the postal workers who needed them and this had a positive effect on eyestrain. The third intervention involved a specific type of sorting spectacles for the postal workers who already used progressive lenses privately. The reading distances that the postal workers had while sorting the mail was inverted to the distances in their regular progressive lenses. The new sorting spectacles had a positive effect on head postures and on muscular activity.

  19. Monthly errors

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The 2006 monthly average statistical metrics for 2m Q (g kg-1) domain-wide for the base and MODIS WRF simulations against MADIS observations. This dataset is...

  20. 10 CFR 2.1011 - Management of electronic information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... be HTML . (D) Electronic mail (e-mail) exchange between e-mail servers must be SMTP (Simple Mail... documents available on a web accessible server which is able to be canvassed by web indexing software (i.e... image-per-document format if software is incorporated in the web server that allows image-per-page...

  1. Implementasi Pengamanan PGP Pada Platform Zimbra Mail Server

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dandy Pramana Hostiadi; Ida Bagus Suradarma

    2017-01-01

    ...) from some parties so it needs security form in email communication. Communication security on mail server such as ZIMBRA mail server has been well-implemented, such as the use of ssl certificate...

  2. The Discourse of all.department e-mails

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pogner, Karl-Heinz; Søderberg, Anne-Marie

    2001-01-01

    This paper is based on an explorative case study of all.department e-mails that were sent on the Intranet of a Danish university department. Following a social constructionist approach, our analysis assumes that language use shapes relations, identities, and representations. We thus investigate...... which social relations are expressed and constructed in the e-mail discourse and how the organizational world of the department is represented in the all.department e-mails. Our analyses of the e-mails show that the managerial voices are dominant as well as the perception of e-mail communication...... as a tool of information transmission. However, a few e-mails sent by employees without specific organizational functions differ significantly from the `managerial' mails. In these mails employee voices articulate a latent and unfulfilled need for a community and a forum for dialogue. The usage of the all...

  3. Not Wanted in the Inbox!: Evaluations of Unsolicited and Harassing E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoo, Pek Ne; Senn, Charlene Y.

    2004-01-01

    This study was designed as a first step to explore sexual harassment in the electronic domain. One hundred six students read 10 e-mail messages ranging from jokes to spam to a sexual proposition from a stranger and rated them on an offensiveness evaluative scale. Participants also completed social desirability and attitudes toward sexual…

  4. The Role of E-mail in Organizational Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lecturer Ph.D. Niculina Vârgolici

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article aims to briefly describe the advantages of the e-mail communication,the constraints of such communication means, as well as a set of rules which should be complied with inorder to ensure efficient organizational communication. The fact that communication is such a universal,normal, daily and natural can make us forget sometimes about its particular complexity. Every moment,people communicate with one another, meaning they exchange information, and for this they use variousmeans. Electronic message is an invention which makes our life easier, shatters distances and inhibitions,helps us rediscover and open ourselves to others, casts loneliness away, can bring us closer, but also can setus apart, because it has its rules and traps, of which we should be aware. We consider that nowadays knowingthe e-mail related conduit refers to more than simply avoiding long messages written in caps lock, assuch can really make a difference between profit and loss. Communication is indispensable, but we shouldcompare and view any information we receive and send with a critical sight.

  5. 21 CFR 1321.01 - DEA mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Addresses Code of Federal Regulations Section—Topic DEA Mailing address DEA Administrator 1308.43(b... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false DEA mailing addresses. 1321.01 Section 1321.01 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEA MAILING ADDRESSES § 1321.01...

  6. 77 FR 62446 - Every Door Direct Mail-Retail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... increase their marketing efforts. On July 10, 2012, the Postal Service filed a request with the Postal... alternative marketing name of Every Door Direct Mail for commercial mailings of Standard Mail flats with... positioning on the host piece. d. The attachment does not interfere with processing or delivery. Folded...

  7. 19 CFR 145.2 - Mail subject to Customs examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mail subject to Customs examination. 145.2 Section 145.2 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MAIL IMPORTATIONS General Provisions § 145.2 Mail subject to...

  8. How to Use E-Mails for Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    N.J.Stirk

    2004-01-01

    @@ E-mail is a quick and convenient way of communicating. It is faster than a letter and often more convenient than a telephone call. You are probably used to exchanging e-mail with friends using highly informal language.In this article you will learn more about the form and language of e-mail in professional contexts.

  9. 31 CFR 560.508 - Telecommunications and mail transactions authorized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Telecommunications and mail... REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations and Statements of Licensing Policy § 560.508 Telecommunications and mail... telecommunications and mail between the United States and Iran are authorized. For purposes of this section, the...

  10. Developing a Hypercard-UNIX Interface for Electronic Mail Transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-01

    My thanks to Greqg for his support. Many of the comments for -- the MacTCP version are his. His code is set ,%ppart by borders. on openStacK put the...HUES-ModemVersion......- *-*-*-* STACK SCRIPTi "-*-*-* on openStack put the seconds into card fid theTime of card interface hide menubar global...34Loqin" hide fid receiving put empty into cd tia msqname of card theoessaqe end openStack on closeStack global logoutme put eqFpty into card fld text of

  11. The effects of mailing design characteristics on direct mail campaign performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feld, S.; Frenzen, H.; Krafft, Manfred; Peters, K.; Verhoef, P.C.

    Designing effective direct mail pieces is considered a key success factor in direct marketing. However, related published empirical research is scarce while design recommendations are manifold and often conflicting. Compared with prior work, our study aims to provide more elaborate and empirically

  12. The effects of mailing design characteristics on direct mail campaign performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feld, S.; Frenzen, H.; Krafft, Manfred; Peters, K.; Verhoef, P.C.

    2013-01-01

    Designing effective direct mail pieces is considered a key success factor in direct marketing. However, related published empirical research is scarce while design recommendations are manifold and often conflicting. Compared with prior work, our study aims to provide more elaborate and empirically v

  13. 78 FR 76533 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... claim. Also, gift cards, most of which are replaceable through the issuer, are being added to those... Confirmation provides the same or equivalent service for a lower price. 2014 Promotions The Postal Service will offer numerous mailing promotions in calendar year 2014, and will share the details of these promotions...

  14. CERT Resilience Management Model - Mail-Specific Process Areas: Mail Revenue Assurance (Version 1.0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    mail flat rate envelopes) • postage evidencing systems (such as APC [automated postal center] and PVI [postage validation imprinter] postage as well...operated retail postage evidencing systems: • APC stamps and labels • PVI postage strips, with and without barcodes • metering systems o customer

  15. 76 FR 37655 - Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ... notice. Program Description This final rule will not change current DMM content and eligibility standards... distribution center (ADC) pallets or to dropship to ADCs. As a result, Periodicals publications included in... combined mailing will be assessed as follows: The bundle prices applicable to the ADC container level...

  16. EffiCiency and Safety of an eLectronic cigAreTte (ECLAT as tobacco cigarettes substitute: a prospective 12-month randomized control design study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Caponnetto

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes are becoming increasingly popular with smokers worldwide. Users report buying them to help quit smoking, to reduce cigarette consumption, to relieve tobacco withdrawal symptoms, and to continue having a 'smoking' experience, but with reduced health risks. Research on e-cigarettes is urgently needed in order to ensure that the decisions of regulators, healthcare providers and consumers are based on science. Methods ECLAT is a prospective 12-month randomized, controlled trial that evaluates smoking reduction/abstinence in 300 smokers not intending to quit experimenting two different nicotine strengths of a popular e-cigarette model ('Categoria'; Arbi Group Srl, Italy compared to its non-nicotine choice. GroupA (n = 100 received 7.2 mg nicotine cartridges for 12 weeks; GroupB (n = 100, a 6-week 7.2 mg nicotine cartridges followed by a further 6-week 5.4 mg nicotine cartridges; GroupC (n = 100 received no-nicotine cartridges for 12 weeks. The study consisted of nine visits during which cig/day use and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO levels were measured. Smoking reduction and abstinence rates were calculated. Adverse events and product preferences were also reviewed. RESULTS: Declines in cig/day use and eCO levels were observed at each study visits in all three study groups (p<0.001 vs baseline, with no consistent differences among study groups. Smoking reduction was documented in 22.3% and 10.3% at week-12 and week-52 respectively. Complete abstinence from tobacco smoking was documented in 10.7% and 8.7% at week-12 and week-52 respectively. A substantial decrease in adverse events from baseline was observed and withdrawal symptoms were infrequently reported during the study. Participants' perception and acceptance of the product under investigation was satisfactory. CONCLUSION: In smokers not intending to quit, the use of e-cigarettes, with or without nicotine, decreased cigarette consumption

  17. The role of e-mail in the acquisition of english The role of e-mail in the acquisition of english

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera lúcia Menezes de Oliveira e Paiva

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina o papel do correio eletrônico, ou e-mail, na aquisição de inglês como língua estrangeira à luz de teorias de aquisição de segunda língua. Serão apresentadas sugestões para se integrar, adequadamente, o uso do correio eletrônico em sala de aula e ainda algumas ferramentas, tais como lista de discussão e fórum. Além disso, o trabalho faz uma revisão de alguns projetos internacionais que utilizam o e-mail e que estão disponíveis na Internet, comprovando que a interação eletrônica é um instrumento eficiente para promover a aquisição de língua em um contexto de aprendizagem de língua estrangeira. This article examines the role of e-mail in the acquisition of English as a foreign language in the light of second language acquisition theories. Suggestions for integrating e-mail in the classroom and the judicious use of the genre are outlined before the presentation of some tools, such as discussion lists and forum. In addition, this paper presents a review of international e-mail projects available on the net, in order to give support to the conclusion that electronic interaction is an efficient tool to promote language acquisition in a foreign language-learning context.

  18. Angioplasty simulation using ChainMail method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Fol, Tanguy; Acosta-Tamayo, Oscar; Lucas, Antoine; Haigron, Pascal

    2007-03-01

    Tackling transluminal angioplasty planning, the aim of our work is to bring, in a patient specific way, solutions to clinical problems. This work focuses on realization of simple simulation scenarios taking into account macroscopic behaviors of stenosis. It means simulating geometrical and physical data from the inflation of a balloon while integrating data from tissues analysis and parameters from virtual tool-tissues interactions. In this context, three main behaviors has been identified: soft tissues crush completely under the effect of the balloon, calcified plaques, do not admit any deformation but could move in deformable structures, the blood vessel wall undergoes consequences from compression phenomenon and tries to find its original form. We investigated the use of Chain-Mail which is based on elements linked with the others thanks to geometric constraints. Compared with time consuming methods or low realism ones, Chain-Mail methods provide a good compromise between physical and geometrical approaches. In this study, constraints are defined from pixel density from angio-CT images. The 2D method, proposed in this paper, first initializes the balloon in the blood vessel lumen. Then the balloon inflates and the moving propagation, gives an approximate reaction of tissues. Finally, a minimal energy level is calculated to locally adjust element positions, throughout elastic relaxation stage. Preliminary experimental results obtained on 2D computed tomography (CT) images (100x100 pixels) show that the method is fast enough to handle a great number of linked-element. The simulation is able to verify real-time and realistic interactions, particularly for hard and soft plaques.

  19. E-mail security: new restriction on attachments

    CERN Multimedia

    The Mail Team

    2006-01-01

    In order to further protect CERN mail users against viruses that spread using malicious files, from 1st March onwards dangerous file types already forbidden as mail attachments will also be forbidden as contents of an archive attachment (.zip and .rar compressed files). More details, including a list of blocked file types, can be found at http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=171010 The Mail Team

  20. E-mail security: new restriction on attachments

    CERN Multimedia

    The Mail Team

    2006-01-01

    In order to further protect CERN mail users against viruses that spread using malicious files, from 1st March onwards dangerous file types already forbidden as mail attachments will also be forbidden as contents of an archive attachment (.zip and .rar compressed files). More details, including a list of blocked file types, can be found at http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=171010. The Mail Team

  1. E-mail server and anti-spam protection

    OpenAIRE

    Kučera, Jan

    2016-01-01

    This thesis deals with e-mail server and anti-spam protection. Its content is the presentation of information on various types of spam, anti-spam protection options and principles of e-mail communication. Furthermore, the content of this work is to install and configure e-mail server and test its anti-spam filters. Test results are compared with the results of the free e-mail inboxes. The main goal is to provide readers with comprehensive information on spam issues, and also helping them when...

  2. Community pharmacy and mail order cost and utilization for 90-day maintenance medication prescriptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandelwal, Nikhil; Duncan, Ian; Rubinstein, Elan; Ahmed, Tamim; Pegus, Cheryl

    2012-04-01

    Pharmacy benefit management (PBM) companies promote mail order programs that typically dispense 90-day quantities of maintenance medications, marketing this feature as a key cost containment strategy to address plan sponsors' rising prescription drug expenditures. In recent years, community pharmacies have introduced 90-day programs that provide similar cost advantages, while allowing these prescriptions to be dispensed at the same pharmacies that patients frequent for 30-day quantities. To compare utilization rates and corresponding costs associated with obtaining 90-day prescriptions at community and mail order pharmacies for payers that offer equivalent benefits in different 90-day dispensing channels. We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional investigation using pharmacy claims and eligibility data from employer group clients of a large PBM between January 2008 and September 2010. We excluded the following client types: government, third-party administrators, schools, hospitals, 340B (federal drug pricing), employers in Puerto Rico, and miscellaneous clients for which the PBM provided billing services (e.g., the pharmacy's loyalty card program members). All employer groups in the sample offered 90-day community pharmacy and mail order dispensing and received benefits management services, such as formulary management and mail order pharmacy, from the PBM. We further limited the sample to employer groups that offered equivalent benefits for community pharmacy and mail order, defined as groups in which the mean and median copayments per claim for community and mail order pharmacy, by tier, differed by no more than 5%. Enrollees in the sample were required to have a minimum of 6 months of eligibility in each calendar year but were not required to have filled a prescription in any year. We evaluated pharmacy costs and utilization for a market basket of 14 frequently dispensed therapeutic classes of maintenance medications. The proportional share of claims for

  3. Comparison of internet and mailing methods to recruit couples into research on unaided smoking cessation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derrick, Jaye L; Eliseo-Arras, Rebecca K; Hanny, Courtney; Britton, Maggie; Haddad, Sana

    2017-12-01

    In smoking cessation studies with restrictive criteria (e.g., single-smoker couples), thousands of potential participants might need to be screened to obtain a reasonable sample size. Consideration of recruitment methodology is critical because recruitment methods influence both the success and cost effectiveness of recruitment. Although traditional recruitment methods are often used to recruit participants into smoking cessation research, newer technologies, such as paid Facebook advertising, might offer more cost-effective alternatives for recruitment. The current analysis compares two versions of paid Facebook advertising and a specialized mass mailing method used to recruit single-smoker couples into an intensive three-week study of unaided smoking cessation. The three methods are compared in terms of demographic characteristics, eligibility, and cost-effectiveness. Although Facebook's "Promote Your Page" mechanism achieved the fastest recruitment rate (2.75 couples per month; 498 USD per couple), Facebook's "Send People to Your Website" mechanism was the least expensive and provided the most demographically diverse sample (1.64 couples per month; 181 USD per couple). The specialized mailing method was not productive or cost-effective (0.80 couples per month; 454 USD per couple). Paid Facebook advertising fared better as a recruitment method than a specialized mailing method often used in survey research. Studies that have less restrictive eligibility criteria, that draw from a larger local population, or that recruit for a less intense study might find paid Facebook advertising to be quite feasible. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Using viral e-mails to distribute tobacco control advertisements: an experimental investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Owen B J; Donovan, Robert; Jalleh, Geoffrey

    2011-08-01

    The authors' objective was to conduct a trial of viral e-mail marketing as a distribution method for tobacco control advertisements. University students (n = 200) in the state of Western Australia were randomly allocated to receive 1 of 2 e-mails with hyperlinks to tobacco control advertisements ("Toilet" and "Rubbish") emphasizing the disgusting nature of smoking. Recipients followed a hyperlink to a Web page playing Toilet or Rubbish on endless loop. Viewers were encouraged to forward the e-mail to their friends and invited to complete an online survey about the advertisement. Unique downloads for each advertisement were identified by internet provider (IP) location and tallied by date and geographical location to assess subsequent dissemination beyond the initial 200 students. There were 826 unique viewings of the advertisements averaging 26.9 viewings per day for the first fortnight, followed by a lower average of 4.1 hits per day for the next 3.5 months. IP addresses identified hits from 3 other Australian states and 7 other countries. Online surveys were completed by 103 respondents (12.5% of total hits) but included few smokers (n = 9). Significantly more respondents rated Toilet as "funny" compared with Rubbish (40% vs. 11%; p viral e-mails being forwarded onwards but only exceptionally compelling tobacco control materials are ever likely to become self-perpetuating.

  5. Phishing E-Mails--Six Month Investigation into What People Click

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehrfeld, Michael R.

    2014-01-01

    Phishing and SPAM emails have been used by marketers and hackers alike since the inception of email and the Internet. Phishing messages have become so common that many legitimate emails often get flagged and placed in a user's spam bucket. No one is denying that these messages are at a minimum a nuisance, and in many cases malicious. But what is…

  6. Important update of CERN Mail Services

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    The CERN Mail Services are evolving. In the course of June and July 2009, all CERN mailboxes will be updated with a new infrastructure for hosting mailboxes, running Exchange 2007. This update is taking place in order to provide the capacity upgrade for the constantly growing volume of CERN mailboxes. It is also the opportunity to provide a number of improvements to CERN mailboxes: new and improved Outlook Web Access (the web interface used to access your mailbox from a web browser, also known as "webmail"), new features in the Out-of-Office auto-reply assistant, easier spam management... The update will preserve the mailbox configuration and no specific action is required by users. During the next weeks, each mailbox will be individually notified of the upcoming update the day before it takes place. We invite all users to carefully read this notification as it will contain the latest information for this update. The mailbox will be unavailable for a short time during the ni...

  7. 76 FR 48722 - Domestic Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR PART 111 Domestic Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service announces the issuance of DMM 300, dated July 5, 2011, of the Mailing...

  8. 75 FR 39477 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Proposed rule... Postal Regulatory Commission (PRC), effective in January 2011. This proposed rule provides the mailing...

  9. 77 FR 72960 - International Mail: Product Rate and Fee Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 International Mail: Product Rate and Fee Changes AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule... United States Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM ). The proposed rule included changes that...

  10. 76 FR 53056 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule with comment period. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is revising the Mailing Standards of the United...

  11. 77 FR 64724 - International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service announces the issuance of the Mailing Standards of the United States...

  12. 76 FR 50414 - International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 20 International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service announces the issuance of the Mailing Standards of the United States...

  13. 77 FR 45246 - Domestic Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Domestic Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service announces the issuance of the Mailing Standards of the United States Postal...

  14. 76 FR 65640 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... 111 New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Proposed rule... Postal Regulatory Commission (PRC), effective on January 22, 2012. This proposed rule contains the... Postal Service's proposed rule includes: Several mail classification changes, modifications to mailpiece...

  15. Private E-Mail Requests and the Diffusion of Responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Greg; Yechiam, Eldad

    2002-01-01

    Discussion of e-mail technology and requesting information from multiple sources simultaneously focuses on an experiment demonstrating that addressing e-mails simultaneously to multiple recipients may actually reduce the number of helpful responses. Discusses diffusion of responsibility and implications for the application of social cueing theory…

  16. 9. mail Moskvasse minna ei tohi / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Autori arvates tähendaks Eesti Vabariigi presidendi visiit 9. mail Moskvasse sõjaroimarite õigeksmõistmist. Lisa: Kas Eesti president peaks minema 9. mail Moskvasse? Küsimusele vastavad: Heiki Ahonen, Dimitri Klenski, Karmo Tüür

  17. 45 CFR 4.4 - Acknowledgement of mailed process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Acknowledgement of mailed process. 4.4 Section 4.4 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 4.4 Acknowledgement of mailed process. The Department will not provide a receipt or other acknowledgement of...

  18. 20 CFR 423.7 - Acknowledgment of mailed process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Acknowledgment of mailed process. 423.7 Section 423.7 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423.7 Acknowledgment of mailed process. The Social Security Administration will not provide a receipt or...

  19. 9. mail Moskvasse minna ei tohi / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Autori arvates tähendaks Eesti Vabariigi presidendi visiit 9. mail Moskvasse sõjaroimarite õigeksmõistmist. Lisa: Kas Eesti president peaks minema 9. mail Moskvasse? Küsimusele vastavad: Heiki Ahonen, Dimitri Klenski, Karmo Tüür

  20. Using e-mail to support reflective narration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de Bregje; Meij, van der Hans

    2003-01-01

    This article presents an exploratory study of e-mail use for reflective narration. Narration is viewed from three perspectives: the narrating act, the narrative statement, and the story. These perspectives are used to characterize the 69 e-mails that were exchanged between 13 groups of children from

  1. A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

  2. Target Marketing and Direct Mail: A Smart Campaign Combination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brostoff, Mark J.

    1994-01-01

    Market segmentation is a marketing strategy that helps identify and classify a camp's product or service and determine the needs of a targeted market for the purpose of allocating marketing resources. Offers strategies for defining a target market and discusses the benefits of direct mail, deriving a mailing list, and suggestions for using a…

  3. BEBAN JARINGAN SAAT MENGAKSES EMAIL DARI BEBERAPA MAIL SERVER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husni Thamrin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Expensive internet facilities require prudent in its use both as a source of information and communication media. This paper discusses observations of the perceived burden of network bandwidth when accessing some of the mail server using a webmail application. Mail server in question consists of three commercial server and 2 non-commercial server. Data when it download home page, while logged in, open the email, and during idle logout recorded with sniffer Wireshark. Observations in various situations and scenarios indicate that access Yahoo email gives the network load is very high while the SquirrelMail gives the network load is very low than 5 other mail servers. For an institution, use a local mail server (institutional is highly recommended in the context of banddwidth savings.

  4. 76 FR 58433 - Proposal To Revise Service Standards for First-Class Mail, Periodicals, and Standard Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ..., 202-268-8093; or Emily Rosenberg, Network Analytics, 202-268- 5585. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The... align with the changed critical entry times, this would not be possible for retail First-Class Mail customers, because mail pieces dropped off at blue collection boxes and other retail collection...

  5. Frequency and Characteristics Associated With Exposure to Tobacco Direct Mail Marketing and Its Prospective Effect on Smoking Behaviors Among Young Adults From the US Midwest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forster, Jean L.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. We examined the exposure to tobacco direct mail marketing and its effect on subsequent smoking behaviors in a US Midwest regional cohort of young adults. Methods. Data were collected from 2622 young adults (mean age = 24 years) in 2010 to 2011 (baseline) and 2011 to 2012 (follow-up). We collected information on demographics, tobacco use, and exposure to tobacco direct mail materials in the previous 6 months at baseline. Smoking behaviors were reassessed at follow-up. We investigated the characteristics associated with receiving these materials at baseline, and the associations between receiving cigarette coupons in the mail at baseline and smoking behaviors at follow-up. Results. Thirteen percent of participants reported receiving tobacco direct mail materials in the previous 6 months. Receipt of these materials was associated with age, education, and tobacco use (P marketing strategy might reduce the prevalence of smoking in this population. PMID:25211739

  6. Consumers and Computer Software Advertisements in Spam E - mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Spam e - mail inundates inboxes. Little is known about consumer responses to spam e - mail advertising computer software products. We conducted a study among 200 college students to determine variables associated both with opening/reading spam e mail about computer software products and w ith purchasing these items. With regard to opening/reading, we found that increasing age (OR:1.22, 95% CI:1.02, 1.47; p=0.03, previously responding to fraudulent e - mail (OR:2.91, 95% CI:1.31, 6.46; p=0.01, and wanting to learn more information online ab out computer software (OR:1.72, 95% CI:1.12, 2.64; p=0.01 had significant associations. With regard to purchasing, we found that wanting to learn more information online about computer software had a significant association (OR:2.47, 95% CI:1.32, 4.60; p= 0.01 and previously responding to fraudulent e - mail approached significance (OR:2.55, 95% CI:0.99, 6.58; p=0.052. E thical e - mail advertisers would benefit when advertising computer software products to include in the e - mail relevant information about l e arn ing more information online about computer so ftware. This can encourage the recipient to click - through and purchase the advertised computer software product.

  7. Save our inboxes! Use e-mail wisely

    CERN Multimedia

    Achintya Rao

    2013-01-01

    At CERN, with collaborators all over the world, e-mail is inevitably the primary means of communication: we use it for everything from coordinating projects to organising lunches. But e-mail can also be one of the most inefficient means of communication we have! Here's how to fix it.   Let’s get straight to the point: we receive too many e-mails. Think about all the e-mails that you deleted without a second thought. Think about the times you’ve unnecessarily been in CC. Take a look at the unread e-mails sitting in your inbox at this very moment, ones that you have no intention of ever looking at. You can, however, tame this overload with a few simple measures and turn e-mail into an important communication and productivity tool. Many recommendations for improving e-mail etiquette suggest an abrasive approach riddled with bullet points. In a vastly multi-cultural setting such as CERN, however this approach may fail. So, here are a few dos and don’ts based o...

  8. The Educational Impact of E-Mail: Extraverted versus Introverted Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunderewicz, Larisa; Michener, Stacey; Chambliss, Catherine

    College students (N=151) completed surveys assessing the relationship between e-mail use and extraversion. The variables studied included time spent on e-mail; the frequency of e-mail usage; and the purposes e-mail served for each student. The results suggest that extraverts use e-mail as a form of procrastination more than introverts, and that…

  9. 76 FR 13000 - Transfer of Commercial First-Class Mail Parcels to Competitive Product List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... Commission to transfer commercial First-Class Mail Parcels from the Mail Classification Schedule's Market... to transfer commercial First-Class Mail Parcels from the Mail Classification Schedule's Market... place in two steps: First, commercial First-Class Mail Parcels would be removed from the...

  10. 77 FR 42016 - Product Change-Every Door Direct Mail-Retail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... Change--Every Door Direct Mail--Retail AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Postal... Door Direct Mail--Retail to the market-dominant product list within the Mail Classification Schedule... Direct Mail--Retail to the Mail Classification Schedule, pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3642. Documents...

  11. EffiCiency and Safety of an eLectronic cigAreTte (ECLAT) as Tobacco Cigarettes Substitute: A Prospective 12-Month Randomized Control Design Study

    OpenAIRE

    Pasquale Caponnetto; Davide Campagna; Fabio Cibella; Morjaria, Jaymin B; Massimo Caruso; Cristina Russo; Riccardo Polosa

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are becoming increasingly popular with smokers worldwide. Users report buying them to help quit smoking, to reduce cigarette consumption, to relieve tobacco withdrawal symptoms, and to continue having a 'smoking' experience, but with reduced health risks. Research on e-cigarettes is urgently needed in order to ensure that the decisions of regulators, healthcare providers and consumers are based on science. Methods ECLAT is a prospective 12-mont...

  12. Attempted suicide, by mail order: Abrus precatorius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, David H; Hoffman, Robert S; Nelson, Lewis S

    2010-12-01

    Abrus precatorius is cultivated in many subtropical areas. The seeds exist in a variety of colors such as black, orange, and most commonly, glossy red. A black band is found at the end of the seed. The plant contains multiple pods which typically contain three to five Abrus seeds. The seeds contain abrin, which inhibits ribosomal function, halting protein synthesis and leading to cellular death. A unique aspect of this case is the use of the internet to order a potentially lethal poison as well as transmission of a picture to identify the seed. A 20-year-old man presented to the emergency department complaining of vomiting and watery diarrhea for 6-8 h prior to arrival. He denied any medication use, recent illness, travel, or changes in his diet. Initial vital signs were normal. The patient was diagnosed with viral gastroenteritis. During his evaluation, the patient admitted to feeling suicidal. While awaiting psychiatry evaluation, the patient's father arrived with a box of small hard red seeds, which he believed that his son ingested in a suicide attempt. The seeds could not be identified by the staff. A picture of the seeds was transmitted by e-mail to the New York City Poison Control Center, allowing their identification as A. precatorius. The patient was reinterviewed and admitted to chewing and swallowing 10 seeds. Given the potential toxicity of abrin, the patient was admitted to the intensive care unit. He continued to have frequent episodes of emesis as well as diarrhea. He gradually improved over 2 days. He admitted to ordering a box of Abrus seeds online from Asia after reading on the Internet about their use in suicide. He was eventually discharged for outpatient follow-up with no permanent sequelae. Abrin has an estimated human fatal dose of 0.1-1 μg/kg. Most cases of Abrus seed ingestions are unintentional and occur in children. Ingesting the intact seeds typically results in no clinical findings, as they pass through the gastrointestinal tract

  13. E-mail Interaction in Foreign Language Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳

    2007-01-01

    E-mail has been implemented in foreign langnage learning and teaching for many years.It is widely approved that language learners'communicative competence and intereuhural competence can be developed through e-mail interaction in spite of the problems and difficulties existing in the process of designing and carrying out ofan e-mail project.Hence,more and more language teachers from different countries are trying to search for the possibilities of integrating email interaction in their teaching context so as to improve the language-learning environment.

  14. Collecting substance use data with an anonymous mailed survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinkoff, A M; Storr, C L

    1997-10-25

    Because mailed surveys minimize personal contact, they are useful for collecting sensitive data on substance use, as long as the problems of achieving adequate response rates can be conquered. To address these issues, we report on an anonymous mailed survey of substance use with a 78% response rate, including data collection and survey methods. Analysis of sociodemographic effects on responding found certain groups required additional contacts. Substance use estimates were not affected by non-response bias, suggesting that anonymous mailed surveys can be a feasible means of collecting data on substance use.

  15. The value of ProMED-mail for the Early Warning Committee in the Netherlands : more specific approach recommended

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zeldenrust, M E; Rahamat-Langendoen, J C; Postma, M.J.; van Vliet, J A

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a retrospective and descriptive study into the added value of ProMED-mail--the global electronic reporting system for outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases and toxins maintained by the International Society for Infectious Diseases--as an early warning system for The Nether

  16. The value of ProMED-mail for the Early Warning Committee in the Netherlands : more specific approach recommended

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zeldenrust, M E; Rahamat-Langendoen, J C; Postma, M.J.; van Vliet, J A

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a retrospective and descriptive study into the added value of ProMED-mail--the global electronic reporting system for outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases and toxins maintained by the International Society for Infectious Diseases--as an early warning system for The

  17. Nonresponse error in mail surveys: top ten problems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daly, Jeanette M; Jones, Julie K; Gereau, Patricia L; Levy, Barcey T

    2011-01-01

    ... utilizing the Dillman Total Design Method. Ten nonresponse error problems were identified, such as inserter machine gets sequence out of order, capitalization in databases, and mailing discarded by postal service...

  18. Nonresponse Error in Mail Surveys: Top Ten Problems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daly, Jeanette M; Jones, Julie K; Gereau, Patricia L; Levy, Barcey T

    2011-01-01

    ... utilizing the Dillman Total Design Method. Ten nonresponse error problems were identified, such as inserter machine gets sequence out of order, capitalization in databases, and mailing discarded by postal service...

  19. E-mail Spam Filtering Using Adaptive Genetic Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra Nath Shrivastava

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Now a day’s everybody email inbox is full with spam mails. The problem with spam mails is that they are not malicious in nature so generally don’t get blocked with firewall or filters etc., however, they are unwanted mails received by any internet users. In 2012, more that 50% emails of the total emails were spam emails. In this paper, a genetic algorithm based method for spam email filtering is discussed with its advantages and dis-advantages. The results presented in the paper are promising and suggested that GA can be a good option in conjunction with other e-mail filtering techniques can provide more robust solution.

  20. Effect of an electronic nicotine delivery device (e-Cigarette on smoking reduction and cessation: a prospective 6-month pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papale Gabriella

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cigarette smoking is a tough addiction to break. Therefore, improved approaches to smoking cessation are necessary. The electronic-cigarette (e-Cigarette, a battery-powered electronic nicotine delivery device (ENDD resembling a cigarette, may help smokers to remain abstinent during their quit attempt or to reduce cigarette consumption. Efficacy and safety of these devices in long-term smoking cessation and/or smoking reduction studies have never been investigated. Methods In this prospective proof-of-concept study we monitored possible modifications in smoking habits of 40 regular smokers (unwilling to quit experimenting the 'Categoria' e-Cigarette with a focus on smoking reduction and smoking abstinence. Study participants were invited to attend a total of five study visits: at baseline, week-4, week-8, week-12 and week-24. Product use, number of cigarettes smoked, and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO levels were measured at each visit. Smoking reduction and abstinence rates were calculated. Adverse events and product preferences were also reviewed. Results Sustained 50% reduction in the number of cig/day at week-24 was shown in 13/40(32.5% participants; their median of 25 cigs/day decreasing to 6 cigs/day (p Conclusion The use of e-Cigarette substantially decreased cigarette consumption without causing significant side effects in smokers not intending to quit (http://ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT01195597.

  1. 76 FR 13666 - Pitney Bowes, Inc., Mailing Solutions Management, Global Engineering Group, Including On-Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... Employment and Training Administration Pitney Bowes, Inc., Mailing Solutions Management, Global Engineering... firm worker group should read: Pitney Bowes, Inc., Mailing Solutions Management, Global Engineering... workers of Pitney Bowes, Inc., Mailing Solutions Management, Global Engineering Group, including...

  2. MAILING LISTS & EL TEACHING AND RESEARCH IN CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The successive founding of ELT mailing lists since the mid-90s have provided language teachers worldwide with a cheap, ef-ficient and informative teaching tool. This paper offers an intro-duction to the major ELT lists and a discussion of the signifi-cance of the mailing lists to our teaching work, academic re-search and self-development. Advice is also given on how to takebetter advantage of this powerful educational instrument.

  3. IntegraTUM Teilprojekt E-Mail: Rezentralisierung von E-Mail-Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diehn, Max; Haarer, Ado; Schreiner, Alexander; Storz, Michael

    Das Teilprojekt E-Mail hatte ursprünglich die Aufgabe einen zentralen Mailservice mit verteilter Administration der Mailadressen für die TUM aufzubauen und diesen durch Anti-Spam- und Anti-Viren-Maßnahmen zu schützen. Auf diesen Mailservice sollten sowohl die am LRZ gehosteten Maildomains als auch die vielen lokal betriebenen Mailserver - soweit von deren Betreibern gewünscht - migriert werden. Neben einigen Rückschlägen und Hindernissen kam es im Laufe des Projektes auch zu einer Änderung der Anforderungen, sodass zum Ende des Projektes statt eines reinen Mailsystems ein Doppelsystem mit "shared SMTP address space" bestehend aus einem klassischen Message-Store mit POP/IMAP-Zugriff auf Basis von Postfix + Dovecot und einem Groupware-System auf Basis von Microsoft Exchange in Produktion ging, wobei jeder Mitarbeiter und Student der TUM wählen kann, auf welchem der beiden Systeme sich seine Mailbox befindet.

  4. Did Your Mailed Ballot Count: The Unrecognized Unreliability of Voting By Mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alec Yasinsac

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Voting By Mail (VBM was developed to support absentee voters. It was originally intended to handle canonical absentee voters who now fall under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Voting Act (UOCAVA and those with legally acceptable reasons for being unable to appear at the polls on Election Day. Its use slowly expanded to more casual justifications, such as those with planned Election Day travel. More recently, there has been a trend of further expansion to on-demand VBM in many states. As a result, the percentage of VBM ballots has skyrocketed, with little research regarding its impacts on security, privacy, reliability, and accuracy on U. S. elections. In virtually every close election, the outcome must await tabulation of VBM ballots. Yet, VBM may be the least reliable voting approach in wide spread use today. Vote By Mail fraud is recognized by some as possibly the single greatest security vulnerability in U. S. elections. The lack of in-person, at-the-polls accountability makes absentee ballots the tool of choice for those inclined to commit fraud," the Florida Department of Law Enforcement concluded in 1998, after a mayoral election in Miami was thrown out when officials learned that "vote brokers" had signed hundreds of phony absentee ballots.1 Conversely, others recognize theoretical weaknesses in VBM, but generally dismiss its practical impact [1, 2]. Others continue to promote VBM expansion [3, 4]. In this paper, we identify inherent, widespread vulnerability in VBM systems and illustrate their practical impact with numerous examples. We show specifically why VBM systems are not auditable and demonstrate how their unreliability can negatively impact real elections.

  5. PHS terminal 'TEGACKY' dedicated to e-mailing; Mail senyo PHS tanmatsu 'TEGACKY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The e-mail utilization rate at mobile communication terminals is increasing at a remarkable rate, as if to grow above the rate of communication by voice. Under the circumstances, a PHS (Personal Handyphone System) terminal 'TEGACKY' (type name: PM-T101) has been developed, designed exclusively for use for e-mailing. 'TEGACKY' is characterized in that its icons may be activated with pen, that input may be made by handwriting, and that its large screen allows a 48-character message consisting of 4 lines of 12 characters to be displayed at one time despite its compact size. It can also perform communication directly with other terminals or e-mail via center, and is provided with an information service function. 'TEGACKY' having such distinguished features has created a new category of terminals which are at once e-mailing tools. (translated by NEDO)

  6. E-mail support as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral group therapy for social anxiety disorder: Impact on dropout and outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delsignore, Aba; Rufer, Michael; Emmerich, Juliane; Weidt, Steffi; Brühl, Annette Beatrix; Moergeli, Hanspeter

    2016-10-30

    The present study evaluates the impact of semi-individualized e-mail support as an adjunct to cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD) on dropout and outcome. The effectiveness of additional semi-individualized e-mail support was evaluated for the whole sample and for a subsample of patients at risk of dropping out of therapy. A total of 91 patients with SAD were allocated either to the intervention condition (CBGT with e-mail support), or to the control condition (CBGT without e-mail support). Anxiety symptoms, depression, global symptomatology and life satisfaction were assessed at pretreatment, post-treatment and follow-up (3, 6 and 12 months). From pre-treatment to post-treatment, both groups improved significantly on all symptom measures. Therapy gains were maintained at the 1-year follow-up. Subsample analyses showed that CBGT+e-mail was more effective than CGBT alone in reducing symptom severity among patients missing at least two therapy sessions. Additionally, in this subgroup, those receiving additional e-mail support showed a tendency towards lower dropout rates. Based on the results of this study, semi-individualized e-mail support between sessions seems to enhance the effectiveness of CBGT for SAD patients at risk of dropping out of treatment and should be considered as an additional tool in clinical practice.

  7. A Comparison of Commercial E-Mail Packages and Special Interest Forums for Possible Use by Members of Puppeteers of America and UNIMA around the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warshawsky, Gale Solotar

    1992-01-01

    Examines commercial communications products that offer electronic mail and special interest forums to determine which would best meet the needs of members of Puppeteers of America and UNIMA (Union International de la Marionette). Services and costs of CompuServe, the WELL (Whole Earth Electronic Link), GEnnie, and Prodigy are described. (MES)

  8. Is Mail Service Pharmacy Cost Beneficial to Plan Sponsors?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa Vulakh, Student Pharmacist

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to describe and compare prescription drug costs charged to a plan sponsor for the top 50 maintenance medications provided through retail and mail service procurement channels. Data were obtained for covered beneficiaries of a health plan sponsored by an employer with just over 3,000 covered employees The analytics team at the PBM administering the plan sponsor’s prescription drug benefit provided de-identified claims information for the top 50 maintenance prescription drugs delivered through either mail service or retail procurement methods for this employer over a one year period (7/1/2008 to 6/30/2009. Based on these data, (1 dollar amount difference (mail service minus retail, and (2 percentage difference between mail and retail costs (as a percentage of the lower net cost per day were computed. The findings revealed that 76 percent of the medication products studied were associated with a lower net cost per day to the plan sponsor through mail service procurement and 24 percent were associated with lower net cost through retail procurement.

  9. SPAM: Beware of e-mails asking for passwords

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2008-01-01

    CERN’s Computing Rules (Operational Circular No. 5) require that passwords remain confidential and never be given to anyone, not even helpdesk or other support personnel. If you think that your password could have been exposed then you must immediately change it. Cybercriminals are making growing use of fake e-mail messages and Web sites to steal account and identity information from users. This technique is called ‘phishing’. The fake e-mails often look real and try to trick you into giving your password or other personal data. CERN has recently been targeted by a fake e-mail message which requested users to send their username, password and date of birth. This case was promptly blocked by the CERN Mail Service, but future cases may still occur. Users need to be vigilant regarding any requests for passwords or personal data. Fake e-mails should be immediately deleted. In case of questions on this topic, you may contact mailto:helpdesk@cern.ch. CERN IT Department

  10. Controlled trial of worksite health education through face-to-face counseling vs. e-mail on drinking behavior modification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araki, Ikuno; Hashimoto, Hideki; Kono, Keiko; Matsuki, Hideaki; Yano, Eiji

    2006-07-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of a traditional face-to-face health education and e-mail health education on alcohol usage among male workers in comparison with a control group. Male workers at a manufacturing plant (N=36) who had abnormal serum gamma-GTP were stratified by age and job types, then randomized into three groups: face-to-face education, e-mail education, and the control. The subjects were assessed on their knowledge about and attitude towards drinking, reported alcohol consumption, and serum gamma-GTP before the start of education and 2 months later after comparison of the education. Paired t-test and repeated ANOVA were conducted to test the significance of changes pre and post the intervention and across groups. In the face-to-face group, knowledge (p=0.001), attitude (p=0.026), alcohol consumption (p=0.003) and serum gamma-GTP showed significant improvement. In the e-mail group, only alcohol consumption showed marginal improvement (p=0.077). In the control group, no variables remarkably changed. These results indicate that the face-to-face health education was more effective than the e-mail program. We discuss why the face-to-face approach was superior to the e-mail approach in this study by referring to self-monitoring, goal setting processes and timely feedback. We concluded that further studies are warranted to identify the effect of health education using e-mails and other network tools in consideration of the above three factors.

  11. Nonresponse error in mail surveys: top ten problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, Jeanette M; Jones, Julie K; Gereau, Patricia L; Levy, Barcey T

    2011-01-01

    Conducting mail surveys can result in nonresponse error, which occurs when the potential participant is unwilling to participate or impossible to contact. Nonresponse can result in a reduction in precision of the study and may bias results. The purpose of this paper is to describe and make readers aware of a top ten list of mailed survey problems affecting the response rate encountered over time with different research projects, while utilizing the Dillman Total Design Method. Ten nonresponse error problems were identified, such as inserter machine gets sequence out of order, capitalization in databases, and mailing discarded by postal service. These ten mishaps can potentiate nonresponse errors, but there are ways to minimize their frequency. Suggestions offered stem from our own experiences during research projects. Our goal is to increase researchers' knowledge of nonresponse error problems and to offer solutions which can decrease nonresponse error in future projects.

  12. The Manufacture of Mail in Medieval Europe: A technical note

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams, Alan R.

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available THE oldest specimen of interlinked mail yet found has been excavated from a 3rd cent. B. C. Celtic grave in Romania, and this was probably developed from protective garments made up of rings threaded onto cords, like netting. A fragment of such a garment has been found in a Hallstatt grave, perhaps of the 8th cent. B. C. in Bohemia. Representations of Roman soldiers prior to the 1st cent. A. D. show them clad in mail-shirts rather than in plate. Mail returned to favour in the straitened economic circumstances of the Migration Period. and. indeed. remained the basis of most personal armour in the Middle Ages until gradually replaced by plate again in the 15th cent.

    No disponible.

  13. Nonresponse Error in Mail Surveys: Top Ten Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanette M. Daly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Conducting mail surveys can result in nonresponse error, which occurs when the potential participant is unwilling to participate or impossible to contact. Nonresponse can result in a reduction in precision of the study and may bias results. The purpose of this paper is to describe and make readers aware of a top ten list of mailed survey problems affecting the response rate encountered over time with different research projects, while utilizing the Dillman Total Design Method. Ten nonresponse error problems were identified, such as inserter machine gets sequence out of order, capitalization in databases, and mailing discarded by postal service. These ten mishaps can potentiate nonresponse errors, but there are ways to minimize their frequency. Suggestions offered stem from our own experiences during research projects. Our goal is to increase researchers' knowledge of nonresponse error problems and to offer solutions which can decrease nonresponse error in future projects.

  14. Principal Challenges Facing Electronic Records Management in Federal Agencies Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Giovanna; Sprehe, J. Timothy

    2002-01-01

    Discusses electronic records management in the federal government. Highlights include managing electronic mail; information technology planning, systems design, and architecture; updating conventional records management; integrating electronic records management with other information technology systems; challenges of end-user training; business…

  15. 77 FR 63771 - Implementation of Full-Service Intelligent Mail Requirements for Automation Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... be fully captured. Full-service Intelligent Mail would also enable simplification of the current mail... worked closely with mailers, software providers, and mail service providers to simplify, refine, and evolve full-service offerings. Thousands of mailers, software providers, and mail service providers have...

  16. 49 CFR 377.207 - Effect of mailing freight bills or payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Common Carriers, and Household Goods Freight Forwarders § 377.207 Effect of mailing freight bills or payments. (a) Presentation of freight bills by mail. When carriers present freight bills by mail, the time... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of mailing freight bills or payments. 377...

  17. Variation of English business e-mails in Asian countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Carrió-Pastor

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The overall aim of this paper is to detect whether there is language variation in a setting such as international business communication, in which interaction is expected to be precise and concise. In order to achieve this, the research aims of this paper are, first, to detect whether there is variation in the internal organization of e-mails; second, to analyse the moves and steps in the e-mails (Swales, 1990; Bhatia, 1993 and the changes in the organization patterns; and, third, to establish whether the variation in the internal organization and the moves of the e-mails interfered with the exchange of ideas. The corpus used in this study was made up of authentic texts, consisting of one hundred e-mails, written by business managers from India and China, who communicate in English with their counterparts in order to report business issues at their offices, which are subsidiaries of an international company specialising in the manufacture of machinery. Firstly, we analysed the moves of the corpus taking into consideration the standard structure of e-mails, following the proposal made by Bhatia (1993. Secondly, we detailed the steps used in Moves 5 and 6 as the non-native speakers of English varied the structure of these moves. Thirdly, we contrasted the results obtained in the analysis of the moves and steps in the e-mails and discussed whether move variation in international business communication is due to the influence of the cultural or linguistic background of the writer. The conclusions show that the influence of the mother tongue of the speakers of English as an international language is changing the use of English in Asian countries.

  18. Minimizing the Time of Spam Mail ‎Detection by Relocating ‎Filtering System to the Sender ‎Mail Server

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alireza Nemaney Pour; Raheleh Kholghi; Soheil Behnam Roudsari

    2012-01-01

    .... The result shows that if we focus on developing a filtering method for spams emails in the sender mail server rather than the receiver mail server, we can detect the spam emails in the shortest time...

  19. Internet recruitment and e-mail interviews in qualitative studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Rebekah J; Bowers, Barbara J

    2006-07-01

    In 2004, 111 million adults accessed the Internet looking for health and medical information. Qualitative researchers can apply long-standing principles of recruitment and interviewing to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the theoretical and methodological aspects of Internet recruitment and e-mail interviewing. The authors address issues of appropriateness, adequacy, representativeness, sample bias, data fraud, flexibility and consistency in interviewing, timing, elimination of the need for transcription, oral versus written communication, reliability and validity, and ethical concerns. They include some practical suggestions on a research design for a qualitative study employing both Internet recruitment and e-mail interviewing.

  20. Unraveling mulitple translatorship through an e-mail correspondence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study is to shed light on questions of “multiple translatorship” and particularly on translation collaboration processes. The empirical material consists of more than three hundred e-mails exchanged between two co-translators who translated Claudio Magris’s novel Alla cieca (2005......) into Danish. The theoretical framework presents a double perspective through which the e-mail correspondence is studied: on the one hand, as an ethnographic “thick description” (focusing on translation as an event), with the aim of uncovering who the agents involved are, how they interact, and what...

  1. BEWARE OF OPENING ATTACHMENTS IN E-MAIL

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Following the recent e-mail viruses you are asked to be cautious when opening e-mail attachments on your PC. Attachments that are apparently harmless might hide active content producing nasty effects as soon as they are opened. Some of these so called 'Trojan horses' can conceal themselves in very attractive pictures and funny slide shows.On the PC Windows infrastructure, CERN runs software to protect users from known viruses, but new ones can sometimes arrive before our software recognises them. They can enter your system when you open an attachment. To remove them it may be necessary to re-install the Windows software on your PC.

  2. Attitudes of Medicare-eligible Americans toward mail service pharmacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rupp, Michael T

    2013-09-01

    For many years, community pharmacies provided mail delivery as a convenience for a small segment of special circumstance patients who requested it. Fueled by a movement among plan sponsors and prescription benefit managers to encourage or require its use, growth in mail service pharmacy began to accelerate in the 1980s and now accounts for nearly 25% of the market in the general population and a much higher percentage of seniors. To assess the attitudes of Medicare-eligible Americans toward concerns that have been raised about mail service pharmacy and its mandated use in the prescription benefit plans of public and private insurance programs. Existing published literature was reviewed, and interviews were conducted with Medicare-eligible persons aged 65 and older to identify potential areas of concern with mail order pharmacy services. A survey was constructed and mailed to a nationally representative random sample of 6,500 persons between the ages of 65 and 79 in July 2012. By the cutoff date, 669 completed surveys had been received, and an additional 221 had been returned as undeliverable, resulting in an overall response rate of 10.7%. Nearly half of respondents listed chain pharmacy as their primary source of prescription medications (47.7%) followed by mail service (34.1%), independent pharmacy (13.1%), and other (5.1%). Responses of seniors residing in rural zip codes compared with those in nonrural zip codes demonstrated significantly higher agreement with several concerns, including lost or stolen medications, receiving the exact medication the physician prescribed, and the effects of exposure to heat, cold, or moisture. Two additional concerns approached statistical significance: the ability to speak with a pharmacist face-to-face and the ability to obtain medications quickly if needed. A total of 533 (83.7%) indicated they would oppose mandated mail order in their current benefit plan if it would cause the local community pharmacy they rely on for

  3. La messagerie électronique, principal métronome des activités de cadre Electronic mail as the main metronome of supervisory activities Mensajería electrónica, principal metrónomo de la actividad de los ejecutivos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Bretesché

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article met en perspective la façon dont la messagerie concourt à structurer un nouveau rapport au travail chez les cadres. En s’appuyant sur les travaux d’Elias, il s’agit d’étudier la façon dont la messagerie électronique imprime une unité de temps qui structure l’ensemble des activités des cadres et les transforme. L’analyse proposée s’appuie sur une étude de cas qui interroge les transformations des rôles dédiés aux cadres et plus spécifiquement aux cadres de la fonction publique territoriale à travers l’usage du mail. Les résultats mettent en lumière dans un premier temps la façon dont la messagerie structure d’un point de vue temporel les pratiques professionnelles. Celles-ci s’articulent autour de la gestion et de la hiérarchisation continue d’informations reçues sur le mode du flux continu. Ainsi, ce sont des activités de temporation et de synchronisation de l’information qui constituent les nouvelles formes d’exercice de l’activité. En effet, la particularité du travail des cadres au travers de la messagerie est d’intégrer dans une même unité de temps des données au caractère contradictoire. Si l’outil facilite l’intégration en temps réel des multiples niveaux d’activités, il crée paradoxalement une nouvelle forme de dépendance temporelle qui questionne l’autonomie traditionnellement déléguée au cadre.The paper seeks to determine how e-mail helps to restructure supervisory activities. In France, socio-professional categories such as professionals, managers and executives are all classified as supervisors. Based on Elias’ conception of time, the study analyses how e-mail creates time units that structure and transform supervisory activities. A case study involving a local authority is then mobilized to ask questions about how email use has transformed dedicated supervisory roles. Findings reveal that e-mail tends to structure professional practices along

  4. Astronaut Franklin Chang-Diaz organizes shuttle mail message

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    On Discovery's aft flight deck, Astronaut Franklin R. Chang-Diaz begins to organize what was believed to be among the longest mail messages in Shuttle history. Though early Shuttle flights could brag of longer teleprinted messages, the Thermal Imaging Printing Systems's day four correspondence, most of which is out of frame here, is a record length for recent flights.

  5. 76 FR 79072 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule....prc.gov , and also on the Postal Explorer Web site at pe.usps.com . The Postal Service's final rule...

  6. 77 FR 68069 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ... rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is revising the Mailing Standards of the United States Postal Service... the final rule published on May 14, 2012, (77 FR 28259-28261), the Postal Service implemented new... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part...

  7. 75 FR 70128 - 2011 Changes for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 2011 Changes for Domestic Mailing Services AGENCY: Postal Service. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY...: On July 9 2010, the Federal Register published the Postal Service proposed rule, New Standards for...

  8. Võidupüha 8. mail? / Leonti Kährik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kährik, Leonti

    2005-01-01

    Eesti peaks väärikalt tähistama võidupüha kui euroopalike demokraatlike väärtuste võitu natsismi ja fašismi üle. Lähtudes 1940. a. juunini Eestis kehtinud vööndiajast, võiks võidupüha tähistada 8. mail

  9. Colleges Get out of E-Mail Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnevale, Dan

    2008-01-01

    Frantic troubleshooting by an overworked staff versus someone else fixing problems smoothly. A sliver of server space per person versus a five-gigabyte chunk. Half a million dollars versus free. That's what colleges are faced with as they decide whether to continue running their own e-mail services or outsource them to a professional service like…

  10. The non addressed mail; Le courrier non adresse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    In 1999, the non addressed mail aggregated i million tons. Today there is no selective collection of these wastes. The ADEME (french agency for the environment and the energy mastership) drove a study to propose and evaluate the cost of a selective collection. This document presents the results of the study. (A.L.B.)

  11. Comparison of Mail and Telephone Methods of Studying Media Contactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuire, Bernadette; LeRoy, David J.

    1977-01-01

    A reliable description of the person who writes media letters to newspapers and broadcast stations can be compiled from a combination of telephone and mail data less expensively than attempting to locate these letter writers through a random sample. (Author/JEG)

  12. Võidupüha 8. mail? / Leonti Kährik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kährik, Leonti

    2005-01-01

    Eesti peaks väärikalt tähistama võidupüha kui euroopalike demokraatlike väärtuste võitu natsismi ja fašismi üle. Lähtudes 1940. a. juunini Eestis kehtinud vööndiajast, võiks võidupüha tähistada 8. mail

  13. A comparative analysis of mail and internet surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjamin D. Poole; David K. Loomis

    2010-01-01

    Th e field of survey research is constantly evolving with the introduction of new technologies. Each new mini-revolution brings criticism about the accuracy of the new survey method. The latest development in the survey research field has been increased reliance on Internet surveys. This paper compares data collected through a mixed-mode (mail and Internet) survey of...

  14. 78 FR 68868 - First-Class Mail Postage Payment Option

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    .... Customers need only address the letter or card and drop it in a collection box. Id. at 3. Its simplicity will make customers more likely to mail greeting ] cards and other correspondence. Id. The Adjustment... the option of increasing the value of the pre-approved envelopes by applying a customized Picture...

  15. Communicative In-Betweens of E-mail Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind

    2009-01-01

    In this paper I seek to deconstruct internet-based communication. I highlight Derrida’s focus on the margins and in-betweens of communication, and relate it to the genre of e-mail. I argue (i) that the silence between the dialogic turns becomes more marked, while (ii) the separation of present...

  16. Detecting Threat E-mails using Bayesian Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Banday, M Tariq; Jan, Tariq R; Shah, Nisar A

    2011-01-01

    Fraud and terrorism have a close connect in terms of the processes that enables and promote them. In the era of Internet, its various services that include Web, e-mail, social networks, blogs, instant messaging, chats, etc. are used in terrorism not only for communication but also for i) creation of ideology, ii) resource gathering, iii) recruitment, indoctrination and training, iv) creation of terror network, and v) information gathering. A major challenge for law enforcement and intelligence agencies is efficient and accurate gathering of relevant and growing volume of crime data. This paper reports on use of established Na\\"ive Bayesian filter for classification of threat e-mails. Efficiency in filtering threat e-mail by use of three different Na\\"ive Bayesian filter approaches i.e. single keywords, weighted multiple keywords and weighted multiple keywords with keyword context matching are evaluated on a threat e-mail corpus created by extracting data from sources that are very close to terrorism.

  17. Monthly Meteorological Reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Monthly forms that do not fit into any regular submission. Tabulation sheets and generic monthly forms designed to capture miscellaneous monthly observations.

  18. People and Politics in an Electronic Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piele, Philip K.

    1983-01-01

    Forecasts the effects of electronic voting on voting behavior and on campaign strategy in school finance elections, inferring these from Oregon's vote-by-mail experiments and from direct-mail campaigning and fundraising. Relates computerization to community education's role in raising school support. (MCG)

  19. 76 FR 17787 - Market Dominant Negotiated Service Agreement (NSA) for First-Class Mail and Standard Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... other party. b. The NSA will contain a merger and acquisition clause, which adjusts the threshold to... net contribution growth beyond that. The agreement has five main components: A revenue threshold using... letters, and provides an incentive to encourage the growth of First-Class Mail. A baseline is determined...

  20. 75 FR 14076 - Express Mail Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute Changes and Updates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ...: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is revising Mailing Standards of the..., the Postal Service published a Federal Register proposed rule (75 FR 4741-4742) inviting comments on a... Postal Service adopts the proposed rule with minor revisions. Comments The Postal Service received five...

  1. Using Facebook ads with traditional paper mailings to recruit adolescent girls for a clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwinn, Traci; Hopkins, Jessica; Schinke, Steven P; Liu, Xiang

    2017-02-01

    Clinical trials require sufficient samples recruited within limited time and budget constraints. Trials with minors are additionally burdened by the requirement for youth assent and parental permission. This paper details the use of Facebook ads and traditional paper mailings to enroll 797 adolescent girls for a longitudinal, web-based, drug abuse prevention trial. Data on sample representativeness and retention are also provided. Facebook ads appeared on the pages of females aged 13 or 14years who reside in the U.S. Ads linked girls to a recruitment website. Girls who wanted more information submitted contact information and were mailed information packets to their homes containing, among other things, youth assent and parent permission forms. Returned forms were verified for accuracy and validity. The Facebook ad campaign reached 2,267,848 girls and had a unique click-through rate of 3.0%. The campaign cost $41,202.37 with an average cost of $51.70 per enrolled girl. Information packets were mailed to 1,873 girls. Approximately one-half of girls returned the forms, and 797 girls were enrolled. The Facebook campaign's success varied by ad type, month, and day of the week. Baseline data revealed comparability to national data on demographic and substance use variables. Results suggest that Facebook ads provide a useful initial point of access to unparalleled numbers of adolescents. Clinical trials may benefit from a two-fold recruitment strategy that uses online ads to attract interested adolescents followed by traditional recruitment methods to communicate detailed information to adolescents and parents. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Research on an E-mail Encryption Protocol Based on Quantum Teleportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shufen, Xiao; Yumin, Dong; Hongyang, Ma; Libo, Chen

    2016-07-01

    With the rapid development of information technology (IT), E-mail has become an important communication tool between human beings. Meanwhile, E-mail safety becomes increasingly important because of its universal applications. In order to overcome shortages of classical E-mail encryption, an E-mail encryption protocol based on quantum teleportation was proposed. It makes quantum encryption of E-mails during sending and receiving processes by taking advantages of entanglement and nonclonability of quantum, thus ensuring safety and reliability of E-mail transmission.

  3. Research on an E-mail Encryption Protocol Based on Quantum Teleportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shufen, Xiao; Yumin, Dong; Hongyang, Ma; Libo, Chen

    2016-11-01

    With the rapid development of information technology (IT), E-mail has become an important communication tool between human beings. Meanwhile, E-mail safety becomes increasingly important because of its universal applications. In order to overcome shortages of classical E-mail encryption, an E-mail encryption protocol based on quantum teleportation was proposed. It makes quantum encryption of E-mails during sending and receiving processes by taking advantages of entanglement and nonclonability of quantum, thus ensuring safety and reliability of E-mail transmission.

  4. Polarity Determination using Opinion Mining in Stocks and Shares-advertising Unsolicited Bulk e-mails

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Jatinderkumar R. Saini

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available e-mail has become an important means of electronic communication but the viability of its usage is marred by Un-solicited Bulk e-mail (UBE messages. UBE consists of many types like pornographic, virus infected messages, ‘cry-for-help’ messages as well as fake and fraudulent offers/advertisements/promotions of stocks and shares, jobs, winnings, and medicines. UBE poses technical and socio-economic challenges to usage of e-mails. To meet this challenge and combat this menace, we need to understand UBE. Towards this end, a content-based textual analysis of more than 3100 stocks and shares-advertising unstructured UBE documents is presented. The paper is aimed at polarity determination of such UBE through its sentiment analysis. Technically, this is an application of Opinion Mining approached with help of Text Parsing, Tokenization, BOW and VSDM techniques. Sentiment Analysis is used to determine the polarity of the document because such UBE contain opinion of the spammer about specific stock symbol of share market. The Sentiment-depicting words are analyzed in the UBE corpus, scaled and extremes of positive and negative opinions are identified. An attempt has been made for polarity-based distribution of such UBE. It has been found that for almost 50�0of cases, the opinions expressed through such UBE have positive polarity, almost 30�0cases are negatively opined whereas almost 20�0cases contain neutral opinion. To the best knowledge and based on review of related literature, determination of UBE polarity using Opinion Mining for understanding spammer behaviour is a new concept.

  5. 4th June: AIS and NICE/MAIL unique authentication

    CERN Multimedia

    The AIS and NICE teams

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few years, the IT department has been in the process of streamlining CERN users' access to all central computing services. The long term goal is to converge on a unique computer account, which will increase computer security and simplify account maintenance. The next step of this process will occur on the 4th June 2007, as of when authenticating on the AIS applications (EDH, HRT, CET, APT, ERT, CRA, Foundation, ...) and on NICE (Windows) and MAIL will be done using the same username and password. As a reminder, this account can also be used on EDMS, INDICO, CDS and SIMBA. Thus starting on the 4th June 2007, authentication on the AIS applications must be done using your AIS username and your MAIL/NICE password. Thanks for your understanding, The AIS and NICE teams

  6. 4th June: AIS and NICE/MAIL unique authentication

    CERN Multimedia

    AIS and NICE teams

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few years, the IT department has been in the process of streamlining CERN users' access to all central computing services. The long term goal is to converge on a unique computer account, which will increase computer security and simplify account maintenance. The next step of this process will occur on 4th June 2007, as of when authenticating on the AIS applications (EDH, HRT, CET, APT, ERT, CRA, Foundation, ...) and on NICE (Windows) and MAIL will be done using the same username and password. As a reminder, this account can also be used on EDMS, INDICO, CDS and SIMBA. So starting on 4th June 2007, authentication on the AIS applications must be done using your AIS username and your MAIL/NICE password. Thanks for your understanding, The AIS and NICE teams

  7. Business evolution or revolution? Mail-order pharmacies in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gersch, Martin

    2004-01-01

    It is an interesting detail of the present reform of national public health service in Germany that mail-order and internet pharmacies will be founded in future as new (e-commerce) business models. Main points of conceivable business systems can be characterised as well as critical success factors. No potential participant can ever have all the necessary resources and competences to implement a competitive business system without external support. This is why cooperation seems to be a useful tool for competence management. The Resource-based View will serve as theoretical background for analysis. The required and available competences of conceivable players can be identified. Features of resources can be described that recommend special types of cooperation with the intention of establishing and operate a business system. Especially German and international pharmaceutical wholesalers can be identified as conceivable "parents" of mail-order pharmacies in the future.

  8. Testing for telepathy in connection with e-mails.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldrake, Rupert; Smart, Pamela

    2005-12-01

    This study investigated possible telepathic communication in connection with e-mails. On each trial, there were four potential e-mailers, one of whom was selected at random by the experimenter. One minute before a prearranged time at which the e-mail was to be sent, the participant guessed who would send it. 50 participants (29 women and 21 men) were recruited through an employment web site. Of 552 trials, 235 (43%) guesses were hits, significantly above the chance expectation of 25%. Further tests with 5 participants (4 women, 1 man, ages 16 to 29) were videotaped continuously. On the filmed trials, the 64 hits of 137 (47%) were significantly above chance.

  9. Randomized controlled trial of mailed Nicotine Replacement Therapy to Canadian smokers: study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leatherdale Scott T

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Considerable public health efforts are ongoing Canada-wide to reduce the prevalence of smoking in the general population. From 1985 to 2005, smoking rates among adults decreased from 35% to 19%, however, since that time, the prevalence has plateaued at around 18-19%. To continue to reduce the number of smokers at the population level, one option has been to translate interventions that have demonstrated clinical efficacy into population level initiatives. Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT has a considerable clinical research base demonstrating its efficacy and safety and thus public health initiatives in Canada and other countries are distributing NRT widely through the mail. However, one important question remains unanswered - do smoking cessation programs that involve mailed distribution of free NRT work? To answer this question, a randomized controlled trial is required. Methods/Design A single blinded, panel survey design with random assignment to an experimental and a control condition will be used in this study. A two-stage recruitment process will be employed, in the context of a general population survey with two follow-ups (8 weeks and 6 months. Random digit dialing of Canadian home telephone numbers will identify households with adult smokers (aged 18+ years who are willing to take part in a smoking study that involves three interviews, with saliva collection for 3-HC/cotinine ratio measurement at baseline and saliva cotinine verification at 8-week and 6-month follow-ups (N = 3,000. Eligible subjects interested in free NRT will be determined at baseline (N = 1,000 and subsequently randomized into experimental and control conditions to receive versus not receive nicotine patches. The primary hypothesis is that subjects who receive nicotine patches will display significantly higher quit rates (as assessed by 30 day point prevalence of abstinence from tobacco at 6-month follow-up as compared to subjects who do not

  10. Electronic Commerce Removing Regulatory Impediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-01

    AD-A252 691 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE Removing Regulatory Impediments ~DuiG A% ELECTE I JUL1 8 1992 0 C D Daniel J. Drake John A. Ciucci ... - ""N ST AT KE...Management Institute 6400 Goldsboro Road Bethesda, Maryland 20817-5886 92 LMI Executive Summary ELECTRONIC COMMERCE : REMOVING REGULATORY IMPEDIMENTS... Electronic Commerce techniques, such as electronic mail and electronic data interchange (EDI), enable Government agencies to conduct business without the

  11. Changes in the e-mail policy for people without CERN affiliation

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    When affiliated with CERN, every computing account owner is entitled to have a CERN mail address (e.g. “John.Doe@cern.ch”). However, up to now, this mail address was still valid even after the end of a person's affiliation if the owner declared an external email address (e.g. “John.Doe@gmail.com”) to which all personal CERN emails (i.e. those sent to “John.Doe@cern.ch”) could be forwarded.*   As a result, to use our John Doe analogy, John could continue to write and receive emails ostensibly on behalf of CERN despite the fact that he is no longer a member of the personnel or subject to the CERN Staff Rules and Regulations and the Computing Rules. It is doubtful whether this makes sense. Therefore, in agreement with departments and LHC experiments at the last ITSRM meeting, all CERN email addresses of people whose affiliation has been terminated more than six months ago will be deactivated on 15 October 2012. For all others, incl...

  12. Is Mail Service Pharmacy Cost Beneficial to Plan Sponsors?

    OpenAIRE

    Larisa Vulakh, Student Pharmacist; Albert I. Wertheimer, PhD, MBA

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to describe and compare prescription drug costs charged to a plan sponsor for the top 50 maintenance medications provided through retail and mail service procurement channels. Data were obtained for covered beneficiaries of a health plan sponsored by an employer with just over 3,000 covered employees The analytics team at the PBM administering the plan sponsor’s prescription drug benefit provided de-identified claims information for the top 50 maintenance presc...

  13. Pictures of the month

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    Dino De Paoli (top) and Franck Bais (bottom) from CERN and members of the ATLAS experimental area management team installing the TX1S monoblock shielding "nose" from inside the LHC tunnel. Steve Goldfarb and Connie Potter, both ATLAS members doubling as lead singers of the Canettes Blues Band in their spare time, during a concert at Mr Pickwick's Pub in Geneva on March 23rd. Any cooler and you freeze! Muriel is utterly disheartened that she has not yet received any mail from ATLAS e-news readers for her "Opinion and Comments" section....

  14. Utilization of a Local Mailing List for the "Period for Integrated Study" in the Classroom

    OpenAIRE

    福島, 健介; 東原, 義訓

    2000-01-01

    Kashiwagi Elementary School conducted classes focused on a local community in the "Period for Integrated Study". At the classes, students used the local mailing list, named 'Tama Manabi', run by local citizen as one means which deepens the learning of them. Over four hundred e-mails were exchanged on the mailing list and the e-mails extremely affected the students. Also, through these processes, students were able to tell their approaches of learning to the local people. This paper reports th...

  15. Measuring Information Glut: Applying Systems Thinking to the Problem of E-mail Overload

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    shortage in caloric intake by sending information (feedback) to the brain to start eating more food in order to reduce the gap between the dieter’s...all of the correct puzzle pieces are readily accessible, we can create a valuable end-product given a reasonable amount of time and effort. However...3. E-mail Filters E-mail filters perform exceptionally well at minimizing spam, also known as unsolicited junk -mail. Most e-mail filters operate by

  16. Monthly Weather Review

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Supplements to the Monthly Weather Review publication. The Weather Bureau published the Monthly weather review Supplement irregularly from 1914 to 1949. The...

  17. Proposing Chinese Pharmacists Month

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Dear Pharmacists: Today I would like to share with you about the American Pharmacists Month which is celebrated in October every year.This month-long observance is promoted by American Pharmacist Association.

  18. 75 FR 68430 - Domestic Shipping Services Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-08

    ... . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is revising Mailing Standards of the United States Postal... adhering to the rules relative to the specific MMS. Express Mail The Postal Service implements Express Mail... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part...

  19. The Application of E-Mail to College English Teaching in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guofeng

    2010-01-01

    With the development of information technology in the past 10 years, e-mail has been widely used in the field of English teaching. This paper, based on an analysis of the ways of using e-mail in college English teaching in China, probes the feasibility and the benefits of application of e-mail to college English teaching.

  20. 78 FR 39344 - Product Change-Priority Mail Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    ... Doc No: 2013-15649] POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Priority Mail Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY... Service Agreements in the Mail Classification Schedule's Competitive Products List. DATES: Effective date... States Postal Service to Add Priority Mail Contract 60 to Competitive Product List. Documents...

  1. EMWAC IMS - ein Internet Mail Server für NT

    OpenAIRE

    Doil, Carsten

    1997-01-01

    E-Mail ist der meistbenutzte Internetdienst überhaupt. Mit dem Internet Mail Services (IMS) vom European Microsoft Windows NT Academic Center (EMWAC) steht ein kostenloser E-Mail-Server für Windows NT zur Verfügung.

  2. 76 FR 23749 - Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... only to nonpresorted BPM machinable parcels (401.1.5.1) that bear a unique Intelligent Mail package... must be part of a nonpresorted mailing of 50 or more BPM parcels. * * * * * 4.0 Price Eligibility for... applies only to nonpresorted BPM machinable parcels (see 401.1.5) that bear a unique Intelligent Mail...

  3. 39 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - Mail Classification Schedule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mail Classification Schedule A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 3020 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PRODUCT LISTS Mail Classification Schedule Pt. 3020, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 3020—Mail...

  4. 75 FR 22725 - Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage Refund Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... Express Mail Next Day Delivery postage refunds when shipments are mailed each year during the time period... 414.3.0, Postage Refunds. Next Day Delivery may not be available at all times of deposit or between all Post Office TM facilities. Express Mail Second Day Delivery During the time period of December 22...

  5. 41 CFR 102-192.30 - What types of mail does this part apply to?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Introduction to this Part § 102-192.30 What types of mail does this part apply to... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What types of mail does this part apply to? 102-192.30 Section 102-192.30 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal...

  6. 16 CFR 300.25a - Country of origin in mail order advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Country of origin in mail order advertising... Country of origin in mail order advertising. When a wool product is advertised in any mail order catalog... with the same meaning may be used. The statement of origin required by this section shall not...

  7. 16 CFR 303.34 - Country of origin in mail order advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Country of origin in mail order advertising... CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT § 303.34 Country of origin in mail order advertising. When a textile fiber product is advertised in any mail order catalog...

  8. Effect on Mail Survey Return Rates of Including Questionnaires With Follow-Up Letters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Futrell, Charles M.; Lamb, Charles W., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    Two thousand questionnaires were mailed to respondents allocated among seven treatments. Controls received an initial mailing (questionnaire and cover letter) only. The remaining six treatments varied by number of follow-up mailings and whether another questionnaire copy was included. Results suggest more than one follow-up letter with a…

  9. 76 FR 75461 - Express Mail Domestic Postage Refund Policy and Waiver of Signature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ... 111 Express Mail Domestic Postage Refund Policy and Waiver of Signature AGENCY: Postal Service TM... change the Express Mail ``waiver of signature'' standard for domestic items by obtaining an addressee's signature only when the mailer selects the ``signature required'' option on the Express Mail label....

  10. 76 FR 62000 - Express Mail Domestic Postage Refund Policy and Waiver of Signature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... 111 Express Mail Domestic Postage Refund Policy and Waiver of Signature AGENCY: Postal Service TM... change the Express Mail ``waiver of signature'' standard for domestic items by obtaining an addressee's signature only when the mailer selects the ``signature required'' option on the Express Mail label....

  11. Electronic Strategies To Manage Key Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Nora

    2003-01-01

    Describes how Charlotte-Mecklenburg (North Carolina) district used a relational database, e-mail, electronic newsletters, cable television, telecommunications, and the Internet to enhance communications with their constituencies. (PKP)

  12. 76 FR 25566 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS); Electronic Ordering Procedures (DFARS...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ..., Ordering, currently permits ordering officials to specify e-mail as an ``electronic commerce method'' so... explicitly permit the use of e-mail as a recognized electronic commerce method. The respondent recommended... the possibility for miscommunication. Another respondent stated that electronic commerce is a...

  13. Demonstration of an E-mailed Worksite Nutrition Intervention Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Block

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Dietary fat and low fruit and vegetable intake are linked to many chronic diseases, and U.S. population intake does not meet recommendations. Interventions are needed that incorporate effective behavior-change principles and that can be delivered inexpensively to large segments of the population. Methods Employees at a corporate worksite were invited to participate in a program, delivered entirely by e-mail, to reduce dietary fat and increase fruit and vegetable intake. Behavior-change principles underlying the intervention included tailoring to the participant’s dietary lifestyle, baseline assessment and feedback about dietary intake, family participation, and goal setting. Assessment, tailoring, and delivery was fully automated. The program was delivered weekly to participants’ e-mail inboxes for 12 weeks. Each e-mail included information on nutrition or on the relationship between diet and health, dietary tips tailored to the individual, and small goals to try for the next week. In this nonrandomized pilot study, we assessed technical feasibility, acceptability to employees, improvement in Stage of Change, increase in fruit and vegetable consumption, and decrease in fat intake. Results Approximately one third (n = 84 of employees who were offered the 12-week program signed up for it, and satisfaction was high. There was significant improvement in Stage of Change: 74% of those not already at the top had forward movement (P < .001. In addition, results suggest significant increase in fruit and vegetable consumption (0.73 times/day, P < .001 and significant decrease in intake of fat sources (-0.39 times/day, P < .001. Conclusion This inexpensive program is feasible and appears to be effective. A randomized controlled trial is needed.

  14. The ISI (Information Sciences Institute) Experimental Multimedia Mail System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    AD-R173 288 THE IS! ( INFORMATION SCIENCES INSTITUTE) EXPERIMENTAL 1/1NULTIHEDIA MAIL SVSTEM(U) INFORMATION SCI NC S INS MARINA DEL REY CA J B POSTEL...ORGANIZATION USC/ Information Sciences Institute (If applicable) 6c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 7b. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 4676...Codes a1tnd/or D l .-:zi INFORMATION SCIENCES INSTITUTE 213/I’?2-I1511 Thrsac sspotdby the Dees dacdRsac rjcAgency une otatN VD 18 35Views ISI

  15. Communicative In-Betweens of E-mail Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind

    2009-01-01

    In this paper I seek to deconstruct internet-based communication. I highlight Derrida’s focus on the margins and in-betweens of communication, and relate it to the genre of e-mail. I argue (i) that the silence between the dialogic turns becomes more marked, while (ii) the separation of present...... and previous statements becomes less marked. The visibility of the silence between the turns (i) can be a resource for increased awareness of how communicative exchanges are shaped by self-arrangements and -presentations. The dissolution of the separation between present and previous statements (ii) can...

  16. The Communicative Functions of Emoticons in Workplace E-Mails :-)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovholt, Karianne; Grønning, Anette; Kankaanranta, Anne

    2014-01-01

    CMC research presents emoticons as visual representations of writers' emotions. We argue that the emoticons in authentic workplace e-mails do not primarily indicate writers' emotions. Rather, they provide information about how an utterance is supposed to be interpreted. We show that emoticons fun...... as humorous, they are joke/irony markers. Third, they are hedges: when following expressive speech acts (such as thanks, greetings, etc.) they function as strengtheners and when following directives (such as requests, corrections, etc.) they function as softeners....

  17. Do e-mail alerts of new research increase knowledge translation? A "Nephrology Now" randomized control trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanna, Gemini V; Sood, Manish M; Schiff, Jeffrey; Schwartz, Daniel; Naimark, David M

    2011-01-01

    As the volume of medical literature increases exponentially, maintaining current clinical practice is becoming more difficult. Multiple, Internet-based journal clubs and alert services have recently emerged. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the use of the e-mail alert service, Nephrology Now, increases knowledge translation regarding current nephrology literature. Nephrology Now is a nonprofit, monthly e-mail alert service that highlights clinically relevant articles in nephrology. In 2007-2008, the authors randomized 1,683 subscribers into two different groups receiving select intervention articles, and then they used an online survey to assess both groups on their familiarity with the articles and their acquisition of knowledge. Of the randomized subscribers, 803 (47.7%) completed surveys, and the two groups had a similar number of responses (401 and 402, respectively). The authors noted no differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups. Familiarity increased as a result of the Nephrology Now alerts (0.23 ± 0.087 units on a familiarity scale; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.06-0.41; P = .007) especially in physicians (multivariate odds ratio 1.83; P = .0002). No detectable improvement in knowledge occurred (0.03 ± 0.083 units on a knowledge scale; 95% CI: -0.13 to 0.20; P = .687). An e-mail alert service of new literature improved a component of knowledge translation--familiarity--but not knowledge acquisition in a large, randomized, international population.

  18. Dokumentaalfilm "Maile Grünbergi värvilised maailmad" = "Maile Grünberg's colourful worlds": a documentary / Karin Paulus, Priit Põldme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2015-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Maile Grünbergist ja 2014. aastal temast valminud dokumentaalfilmist "Maile Grünbergi värvilised maailmad". Režissöör Peeter Brambat, tegevprodutsent Priit Põldme, käsikiri Karin Paulus, Peeter Brambat, Priit Põldme. 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  19. Dokumentaalfilm "Maile Grünbergi värvilised maailmad" = "Maile Grünberg's colourful worlds": a documentary / Karin Paulus, Priit Põldme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2015-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Maile Grünbergist ja 2014. aastal temast valminud dokumentaalfilmist "Maile Grünbergi värvilised maailmad". Režissöör Peeter Brambat, tegevprodutsent Priit Põldme, käsikiri Karin Paulus, Peeter Brambat, Priit Põldme. 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  20. Multigeneration Cross-Contamination of Mail with Bacillus anthracis Spores.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Edmonds

    Full Text Available The release of biological agents, including those which could be used in biowarfare or bioterrorism in large urban areas, has been a concern for governments for nearly three decades. Previous incidents from Sverdlosk and the postal anthrax attack of 2001 have raised questions on the mechanism of spread of Bacillus anthracis spores as an aerosol or contaminant. Prior studies have demonstrated that Bacillus atrophaeus is easily transferred through simulated mail handing, but no reports have demonstrated this ability with Bacillus anthracis spores, which have morphological differences that may affect adhesion properties between spore and formite. In this study, equipment developed to simulate interactions across three generations of envelopes subjected to tumbling and mixing was used to evaluate the potential for cross-contamination of B. anthracis spores in simulated mail handling. In these experiments, we found that the potential for cross-contamination through letter tumbling from one generation to the next varied between generations while the presence of a fluidizer had no statistical impact on the transfer of material. Likewise, the presence or absence of a fluidizer had no statistically significant impact on cross-contamination levels or reaerosolization from letter opening.

  1. AN EFFECTIVE SPAM FILTERING FOR DYNAMIC MAIL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Arun Mozhi Selvi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Spam is commonly defined as unsolicited email messages and the goal of spam categorization is to distinguish between spam and legitimate email messages. The economics of spam details that the spammer has to target several recipients with identical and similar email messages. As a result a dynamic knowledge sharing effective defense against a substantial fraction of spam has to be designed which can alternate the burdens of frequent training stand alone spam filter. A weighted email attribute based classification is proposed to mainly focus to encounter the issues in normal email system. These type of classification helps to formulate an effective utilization of our email system by combining the concepts of Bayesian Spam Filtering Algorithm, Iterative Dichotmiser 3(ID3 Algorithm and Bloom Filter. The details captured by the system are processed to track the original sender causing disturbances and prefer them to block further mails from them. We have tested the effectiveness of our scheme by collecting offline data from Yahoo mail & Gmail dumps. This proposal is implemented using .net and sample user-Id for knowledge base.

  2. Ombuds' corner: Code of Conduct and e-mails

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2011-01-01

    In this series, the Bulletin aims to explain the role of the Ombuds at CERN by presenting practical examples of misunderstandings that could have been resolved by the Ombuds if he had been contacted earlier. Please note that, in all the situations we present, the names are fictitious and used only to improve clarity.   Luke* holds a key position in the coordination of a large project. He is also a recognized expert in modeling complicated structures. Because of his expertise in the field, he receives a considerable number of e-mails every day which he has trouble responding to in addition to his responsibilities of management and development. Constantly interrupted, he tends to answer his emails quickly, sometimes even in an instinctive way, which leads to somewhat laconic messages. One day he receives an e-mail from Dave* challenging some of the decisions taken by the project’s management. Luke agrees with Dave’s remarks, which seem justified given his own expertise of the su...

  3. Multigeneration Cross-Contamination of Mail with Bacillus anthracis Spores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmonds, Jason; Lindquist, H. D. Alan; Sabol, Jonathan; Martinez, Kenneth; Shadomy, Sean; Cymet, Tyler; Emanuel, Peter

    2016-01-01

    The release of biological agents, including those which could be used in biowarfare or bioterrorism in large urban areas, has been a concern for governments for nearly three decades. Previous incidents from Sverdlosk and the postal anthrax attack of 2001 have raised questions on the mechanism of spread of Bacillus anthracis spores as an aerosol or contaminant. Prior studies have demonstrated that Bacillus atrophaeus is easily transferred through simulated mail handing, but no reports have demonstrated this ability with Bacillus anthracis spores, which have morphological differences that may affect adhesion properties between spore and formite. In this study, equipment developed to simulate interactions across three generations of envelopes subjected to tumbling and mixing was used to evaluate the potential for cross-contamination of B. anthracis spores in simulated mail handling. In these experiments, we found that the potential for cross-contamination through letter tumbling from one generation to the next varied between generations while the presence of a fluidizer had no statistical impact on the transfer of material. Likewise, the presence or absence of a fluidizer had no statistically significant impact on cross-contamination levels or reaerosolization from letter opening. PMID:27123934

  4. Netiquette in Electronic Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomáš Kozík

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Electronic mail and electronic communications systems are considered significant and effective tools of communication. One of the most widespread electronic communication tools is e - mail communication. In order to avoid misinterpretation of the report on the side of the recipient, it is need to pay attention to the writing of e - mail messages as well as to their content. With the continuous expansion of the use of electronic communication there have gradually developed certain rules of etiquette in electronic communications. The existing rules of the propriety ones are expressed in the term " etiqutte " and are not automatically applied in the new communications environment - media. For electronic communication, the new rules of etiquette have been stabilised into a term NETIQUETTE. The word netiquette was created by combining words NET (net and ETIKETA (a set of rules of social behavior and habits. Netiquette constitutes the rules of the behavior of users on a network. Although the netiquette is merely "an unwritten set of rules", their not using can be understood as a type of disrespect. Analysis of knowledge of domestic and foreign sources as well as results of a survey confirmed the justification of paying attention to the education of individuals in NETIQUETTE, irrespective of the degree of education.

  5. Electronic pay and leave statements (e-Payslips)

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Within the framework of measures to simplify and rationalise administrative procedures, the FI and IT Departments proposed a project to introduce electronic pay and leave statements. The project was launched at the beginning of 2004 after it had been approved by the Director of the Finance and Human Resources Departments. The project was presented to the GTPA (Groupe de Travail sur les Procédures Administratives) and discussed at the meeting of the SCC (Standing Concertation Committee) on 8 July 2004. The system designed and developed by the IT Department is now operational. What will change? Members of the personnel who currently receive a paper copy of their pay and/or leave statement will, in future, receive monthly e-mail notification of their electronic pay and leave statement, instead of the paper document. The current project does not affect retired members of the personnel. Each person receiving the e-mail notification will be invited to consult these electronic statements by clicking on a link p...

  6. E-mail survey with an attached Form: an off-line data collection alternative via the internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Reis Graeml

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available As people start incorporating the Internet in their daily routine, using its resources to carry out their usual activities, it becomes easier to use the Web's environment also to collect data by means of electronic surveys. This paper reports the use of a quantitative research survey, which used an "intelligent" MS Word form, which was sent through e-mail to industrial manufacturers in the state of Sao Paulo - Brazil. The response speed was much better than usually achieved using the conventional procedure of sending the survey through regular mail. The return rate was satisfactory and the cost was much lower than usually incurred, due to the virtualization of the contact with the respondent. The initiative was so successful that the authors decided to share their experience with the academic community, contributing to the maturing of the e-mail survey methodology. Although the focus of this study was strictly academic, the authors believe that the adopted procedures are also suitable for market research, feedback gathering and other entrepreneurial needs.

  7. Hispanic Heritage Month

    Science.gov (United States)

    York, Sherry

    2004-01-01

    Hispanic heritage month is from September 15 to October 15. One problem that arises when grouping people into categories such as Hispanic or Latino is stereotyping, stereotypes can be promoted or used in this Hispanic month to promote a greater understanding of Latino cultures.

  8. Progress report, 24 months

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhl, Thomas Winther; Nielsen, Jakob Skov

    The work performed during the past 12 months (months 13 – 24) of the project has included the conclusion of Task 1 – Fundamental Studies and Task 2 – Multimirror Cutting Head Design. Work on Task 3 – Compact Cutting Head Design, and Task 4 – Interface Design has been carried out and the tests...... of the multimirror cutting head have been started....

  9. Progress report, 36 months

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhl, Thomas Winther; Nielsen, Jakob Skov

    The work performed during the past 12 months (months 13 – 24) of the project has included the conclusion of Task 1 – Fundamental Studies and Task 2 – Multimirror Cutting Head Design. Work on Task 3 – Compact Cutting Head Design, and Task 4 – Interface Design has been carried out and the tests...... of the multimirror cutting head have been started....

  10. Progress report, 36 months

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhl, Thomas Winther; Nielsen, Jakob Skov

    The work performed during the past 12 months (months 13 – 24) of the project has included the conclusion of Task 1 – Fundamental Studies and Task 2 – Multimirror Cutting Head Design. Work on Task 3 – Compact Cutting Head Design, and Task 4 – Interface Design has been carried out and the tests of ...

  11. Progress report, 24 months

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhl, Thomas Winther; Nielsen, Jakob Skov

    The work performed during the past 12 months (months 13 – 24) of the project has included the conclusion of Task 1 – Fundamental Studies and Task 2 – Multimirror Cutting Head Design. Work on Task 3 – Compact Cutting Head Design, and Task 4 – Interface Design has been carried out and the tests of ...

  12. THE DEVELOPMENT OF E-MAIL LITERACY: FROM WRITING TO PEERS TO WRITING TO AUTHORITY FIGURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Fen Emily Chen

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Though e-mail has become a common interpersonal communication medium, it does not mean that this medium is used without difficulty. While people can write e-mails to peers in any manner they like, writing e-mails to authority figures requires higher pragmatic competence and critical language awareness of how discourse shapes and reflects power asymmetry in an institutional context. For L2 learners, the challenge of composing this type of e-mail can be greater due not only to their limited linguistic ability but also their unfamiliarity with the target culture's norms and values. To provide a deeper understanding of how an L2 learner develops e-mail literacy in the target language environment, this paper presents a longitudinal case study of a Taiwanese graduate student’s e-mail practice in English during her studies at a U.S. university for two and a half years. Using a critical discourse analysis approach, the study reveals the complexity of an L2 learner’s evolving e-mail practice and struggle for appropriateness, particularly in her e-mail communication with professors. Her development of e-mail literacy is discussed in relation to her evolving understanding of the e-mail medium, changing performance of student identity, increasing knowledge of student-professor interaction and realization of culture-specific politeness.

  13. 32 CFR 701.21 - Electronic record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Electronic record. 701.21 Section 701.21... THE NAVY DOCUMENTS AFFECTING THE PUBLIC FOIA Definitions and Terms § 701.21 Electronic record. Records (including e-mail) which are created, stored, and retrieved by electronic means....

  14. Elforbrug på e-mail & sms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ellen Tove; Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Grønhøj, Alice

    suppliers should focus on feedback about metering and billing as a service, which in the first place supports households' wish to sustain themselves. In the second place, this feedback also brings energy consumption issues more to the foreground, improves general energy literacy, and plays a role......This qualitative study of customer demand for online feedback on electricity consumption in private households in Denmark is a follow-up on an experimental study where SMS and e-mail notification were tested as media for giving feedback to private households about electricity consumption (the...... Feedback Project: 'Dansk Energi, Projekt nr. 338-020', http://feedback.noe.dk, reported in Kibsgaard 2008; Junge 2008). The main finding in this follow-up study is that customers demand knowledge about their electricity consumption independent of their attitude towards electricity conservation. We find...

  15. Physician assessments of the value of therapeutic information delivered via e-mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grad, Roland; Pluye, Pierre; Repchinsky, Carol; Jovaisas, Barbara; Marlow, Bernard; Marques Ricarte, Ivan L; Galvão, Maria Cristiane Barbosa; Shulha, Michael; de Gaspé Bonar, James; Moscovici, Jonathan L

    2014-05-01

    Although e-learning programs are popular and access to electronic knowledge resources has improved, raising awareness about updated therapeutic recommendations in practice continues to be a challenge. To raise awareness about and document the use of therapeutic recommendations. In 2010, family physicians evaluated e-Therapeutics (e-T) Highlights with a Web-based tool called the Information Assessment Method (IAM). The e-T Highlights consisted of information found in the primary care reference e-Therapeutics+. Each week, family physicians received an e-mail containing a link to 1 Highlight from a different chapter of e-Therapeutics+. Family physicians received continuing medical education credits for each Highlight they rated with the IAM. Of the 5346 participants, 85% of them were full-time or part-time practitioners. A total of 31 429 Highlights ratings were received in 2010 (median of 2 ratings per participant, range 1 to 49). Among participants who rated more than 2 Highlights, the median number of ratings was 7 (mean 11.9). The relevance of the information from individual Highlights varied widely; however, for 90% of the rated Highlights participants indicated total or partial relevance of the information for at least 1 patient. For 41% of rated Highlights, participants expected patient health benefits to result from implementing the recommendation, such as avoiding an unnecessary or inappropriate treatment, or a preventive intervention. This continuing medical education program stimulated family physicians to rate therapeutic recommendations that were delivered weekly via e-mail. The process of rating e-T Highlights with the IAM raised awareness about treatment recommendations and documented self-reported use of this information in practice. Copyright© the College of Family Physicians of Canada.

  16. TARP Monthly Housing Scorecard

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of the Treasury — Treasury and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) jointly produce a Monthly Housing Scorecard on the health of the nation’s housing market. The...

  17. Lightship Monthly Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Daily Weather Observations (Monthly Form 1001) from lightship stations in the United States. Please see the 'Surface Weather Observations (1001)' library for more...

  18. Oceanographic Monthly Summary

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Monthly Summary contains sea surface temperature (SST) analyses on both regional and ocean basin scales for the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans....

  19. 77 FR 23643 - Advance Notice of Implementation of Full-Service Intelligent Mail Required for Automation Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... Intelligent Mail meets this information need. Full-Service Intelligent Mail also enables simplification of... processing operations. ] The Postal Service has worked closely with mailers, software providers, and mail... Full-Service requirements were introduced. Thousands of mailers, software providers and mail service...

  20. "Die guten ins Töpfchen, die schlechten ins ..." - Filter für E-Mail

    OpenAIRE

    Richter, Frank

    2001-01-01

    Gemeinsamer Workshop von Universitaetsrechenzentrum und Professur "Rechnernetze und verteilte Systeme" der Fakultaet fuer Informatik der TU Chemnitz. Workshop-Thema: Mobilitaet Es werden Filtermöglichkeiten für E-Mails vorgestellt, um die E-Mail-Bearbeitung zu automatisieren und Spam-Mails und Mails mit gefährlichem Inhalt abzuwehren.

  1. Interaction between target and mailing characteristics in direct marketing, with an application to health care fund raising

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bult, J..R.; van der Scheer, H.R.; Wansbeek, T.J.

    1997-01-01

    The major decision variables for the development of a direct mail campaign are the characteristics of the mailing and the characteristics of the tar ets receiving the mailing. Traditional direct mail research treats both aspects separately although a they are likely to interact. We present a new tar

  2. The risk function approach to profit maximizing estimation in direct mailing

    OpenAIRE

    Muus, Lars; Scheer, Hiek van der; Wansbeek, Tom

    1999-01-01

    When the parameters of the model describing consumers' reaction to a mailing are known, addresses for a future mailing can be selected in a profit-maximizing way. Usually, these parameters are unknown and are to be estimated. Standard estimation are based on a quadratic loss function. In the present context an alternative loss function is suggested by the mailing company's profit function. This leads to different estimators and higher expected profit.

  3. E-mail access to NetCME: implementation of server push paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEnery, K W; Grossman, J E

    1997-01-01

    We describe the implementation of a Continuing Medical Education project which utilizes e-mail delivery of HTML documents to facilitate participant access to case material. HTML e-mail is displayed directly within the e-mail reader of the Netscape browser. This system of proactive educational content delivery ensures simultaneous distribution to all participants. Although a more effective method of content distribution, the system preserves user confidentiality and maintains security. HTML e-mail is non-proprietary and could be integrated into existing Internet-based educational projects to facilitate user access.

  4. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Sexual Performance Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Spam e - mail on sexual health topics arrive in e - mail inboxes. We study consumer responses to spam e - mail that advertise sexual performance products. Participants (n=200 with and without sexual performance problems were asked if they received, opened, and bought products from spam e - mail about sexual performance produ cts in the past year. Comparisons were performed between those with and without sexual performance problems. Psychological factors of self esteem and perceived stress were measured. Those with sexual performance problems had significantly greater percent ages than those without sexual performance problems for receiving (100.0% versus 73.5%, p=0.024, opening (66.7% versus 11.4%, p<0.001, and purchasing products (46.7% versus 5.4%, p<0.001 from spam e - mail. In the multivariate logistic regression analyse s adjusting for demographics, psychological factors, and attitudes, those with sexual performance problems were significantly associated with opening (OR: 8.33, 95% CI: 1.95, 35.71, and purchasing products (OR: 7.98, 95% CI: 1.74, 36.73 from spam e - mail. Spam e - mail about sexual performance products are opened and purchased from, especially among those with sexual performance problems. There is a need for e - mail marketing and advertising of sexual performance products that meet ethical standards for e - mail delivery to consumers

  5. Filmer le travail dans un train postal. À propos de Night Mail Filming work in a mail train. A study of Night Mail Filmar el trabajo en un tren de correos. Acerca de Night Mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Maillot

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Night Mail est un documentaire de court-métrage sur le travail du tri postal dans les transports ferroviaires de nuit, produit par le service cinéma du GPO (General Post Office, Ministère des Postes du Royaume-Uni, en 1936. C’est d’abord, pour l’organisme d’État qui le produit, un film sur la Poste et les postiers qu’ils soient sur le terrain, à bord du train, ou dans les bureaux. Le film est nécessairement conduit à traiter aussi le travail de la compagnie de chemin de fer qui achemine le courrier, et donc celui des cheminots, de tous les cheminots. Ceux qui sont à la manipulation des machines, sur la voie, dans les gares traversées au long du trajet, et ceux des bureaux qui assurent les liaisons par téléphone, morse, et l’ensemble des télécommunications de l’époque en plein développement (1936. Le film devient ainsi une réflexion sur l’institution, les institutions, leur organisation, et leur collaboration sans laquelle il n’y a pas de travail possible. L’objectif central de cet article est d’offrir à ceux des sociologues qui s’intéressent à la sociologie filmique, des éléments pour comprendre les possibilités conceptuelles de l’écriture filmique.Night Mail, a short documentary about mail sorting on night trains, was produced by the UK General Post Office’s cinema department back in 1936. The first thing that can be said about this state-produced film is that it talks about the post office but also its employees, with some doing their pick-up rounds and others working on the train or in an office. It also necessarily highlights the work done by the rail company carrying the mail, focusing on different kinds of rail workers including machine operators, line maintenance crews or staff from the stations that the train passes through during the movie. On top of this, there are also railway office employees responsible for telephone connections, telegraph messages and all kinds of

  6. Monthly energy review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    This document presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.

  7. Photos of the month

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni de Oliveira

    Congratulations to Adele Rimoldi, ATLAS physicist from Pavia, who ran her first marathon in New York last month. Adele completed the 42.2 km in a time of 4:49:19. She sure makes it look easy!!! The ATLAS pixel service quarter panel in SR1

  8. Monthly Energy Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-05-28

    This publication presents an overview of the Energy information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. Two brief ``energy plugs`` (reviews of EIA publications) are included, as well.

  9. Don't LOL at virtual visits. Technology is allowing more doctors and patients to consult via e-mail, and insurance companies are reimbursing for it.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robeznieks, Andis

    2007-10-15

    In today's "I-gotta-know-now" society, many patients turn to e-mail to contact doctors on matters, as opposed to waiting for an in-person office visit. Now, some insurers are actually reimbursing doctors for their electronic time, which is also known as a "virtual visit." Internist Paul Tang, left, doesn't consider the practice mainstream yet. "No one is reimbursing us," he says.

  10. Request Strategies in Professional E-Mail Correspondence: Insights from the United States Workplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leopold, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Despite growing interest in the rhetorical features of e-mail correspondence, this is the first study to examine the request strategies in e-mails written by native English-speaking professionals from a variety of industries in the United States. This study uses Blum-Kulka, House, and Kasper's (1989) speech act framework to analyze the request…

  11. 75 FR 10671 - Changes to and Consolidation of DEA Mailing Addresses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... Regulations Section--Topic DEA Mailing address DEA Administrator 1308.43(b)--Petition to initiate Drug..., 1321 RIN 1117-AB19 Changes to and Consolidation of DEA Mailing Addresses AGENCY: Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Department of Justice. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: DEA is amending Title 21 of the Code of...

  12. 19 CFR 133.24 - Restrictions on articles accompanying importer and mail importations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Restrictions on articles accompanying importer and... accompanying importer and mail importations. (a) Detention. Articles accompanying an importer and mail... given in the following manner: (1) Articles accompanying importer. When the articles are carried...

  13. Interactions between consumers and firms : identifying the direct mail-prone consumer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spring, P.N.; Wansbeek, T.; Leeflang, P.S.H.

    2000-01-01

    Current modeling research in target marketing usually stresses the identification of profitable names for specific mailings. There is little recent research about the characteristics of typical direct mail (DM) customers. In this paper we determine the link between customers’ socio-demographic

  14. 75 FR 39475 - International Mail: Proposed Changes in Prices and Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... Customs Clearance and Delivery Fee International Reply Coupons International Business Reply Service... 20 International Mail: Proposed Changes in Prices and Fees AGENCY: Postal Service. TM ACTION... of the commenter, may be sent to: MailingStandards@usps.gov , with a subject line of...

  15. Composing Effective and Efficient E-mails: A Primer for Pharmacy Practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summerfield, Marc R; Feemster, Agnes Ann

    2015-09-01

    This primer describes the purpose and importance of e-mail as a key communication medium in the workplace. It emphasizes clarity as a primary modality to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. Finally, the primer reviews elements of grammar, punctuation, and style that contribute to each e-mail's ability to meet language standards, enhance the writer's image, and successfully transmit information.

  16. 75 FR 36537 - Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage Refund Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage Refund Amendment AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is revising the Mailing Standards of the United States Postal Service...

  17. Forensic application of microbiological culture analysis to identify mail intentionally contaminated with Bacillus anthracis spores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beecher, Douglas J

    2006-08-01

    The discovery of a letter intentionally filled with dried Bacillus anthracis spores in the office of a United States senator prompted the collection and quarantine of all mail in congressional buildings. This mail was subsequently searched for additional intentionally contaminated letters. A microbiological sampling strategy was used to locate heavy contamination within the 642 separate plastic bags containing the mail. Swab sampling identified 20 bags for manual and visual examination. Air sampling within the 20 bags indicated that one bag was orders of magnitude more contaminated than all the others. This bag contained a letter addressed to Senator Patrick Leahy that had been loaded with dried B. anthracis spores. Microbiological sampling of compartmentalized batches of mail proved to be efficient and relatively safe. Efficiency was increased by inoculating culture media in the hot zone rather than transferring swab samples to a laboratory for inoculation. All mail sampling was complete within 4 days with minimal contamination of the sampling environment or personnel. However, physically handling the intentionally contaminated letter proved to be exceptionally hazardous, as did sorting of cross-contaminated mail, which resulted in generation of hazardous aerosol and extensive contamination of protective clothing. Nearly 8 x 10(6) CFU was removed from the most highly cross-contaminated piece of mail found. Tracking data indicated that this and other heavily contaminated envelopes had been processed through the same mail sorting equipment as, and within 1 s of, two intentionally contaminated letters.

  18. 76 FR 77942 - Service Standards for Market-Dominant Mail Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... 121 Service Standards for Market-Dominant Mail Products AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Proposed... public comment on a conceptual proposal to revise service standards for market-dominant products.\\1\\ The... eliminate the overnight service standard for First- Class Mail, narrow the product's two-day delivery...

  19. The opening and reading behavior of business-to-business direct mail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Wulf, K; Hoekstra, JC; Commandeur, HR

    2000-01-01

    Companies who are able to optimize their target audience's opening and reading behavior of commercial business-to-business mailings realize two objectives at the same time: increase response rates of these mailings and lift the level of exposure of their company, its products, and/or services. Howev

  20. Ars Dictaminis Perverted: The Personal Solicitation E-Mail as a Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Derek G.

    2009-01-01

    Phishing e-mails deceive individuals into giving out personal information which may then be utilized for identity theft. One particular type, the Personal Solicitation E-mail (PSE) mimics personal letters--modern perversions of "ars dictaminis" (the classical art of letter writing). In this article, I determine and discuss 19 appeals common to the…

  1. 76 FR 3679 - Market Test of Experimental Product: “Marketing Mail Made Easy”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... of Experimental Product: ``Marketing Mail Made Easy'' AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Postal Service gives notice of a market test of an experimental product in accordance with... 39 U.S.C. 3641(c)(1) that it will begin a market test of its ``Marketing Mail Made...

  2. "Hello, Mrs. Willman, It's Me!" Keep Kids Reading over the Summer by Using Voice Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willman, Ann Teresa

    1999-01-01

    Describes a summer reading program for 26 remedial readers in which each student left voice-mail messages on the school district's voice-mail system, either reading to the teacher for three minutes or summarizing a book chapter. Describes the teacher's responses and parental feedback and involvement. Notes that all students maintained their…

  3. 78 FR 24132 - New Mailing Standards for Live Animals and Special Handling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... 111 New Mailing Standards for Live Animals and Special Handling AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION... Postal Service, Domestic Mail Manual (DMM ) 503.14 and 601.9.3 to require special handling service for.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Postal Service currently requires special handling service for designated...

  4. Frauds, Hoaxes, Myths, and Chain Letters: or, What's This Doing in My E-Mail Box?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebbinghouse, Carol

    1998-01-01

    Looks at the equivalent of junk mail on the Internet, including hoaxes, myths and urban legends, frauds, chain letters, and spam. Sidebars include "False Flaming of the FCC" (Barbara Quint) and a list of Web sites useful for determining the legitimacy of questionable mailings and for eliminating unwanted solicitations. (JAK)

  5. E-mail-marketing – a new tool of communication policy institutions of higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svitlana Semenyuk

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Article concerns the theoretical concept of formation and development e-mail-of marketing in the educational marketing particular analyzed approaches to the content of the concept «e-mail-marketing", determines the essence his nature and benefits of other means of communication. Determined that the e-mail-marketingis an inexpensive, but simultaneously quite effective and financially viable tool for promotingof educational services to market and necessity of its use in communication activities of higher education. The basic components of e-mail-marketing: customer needs (potential university entrants, higher education opportunities existing satisfy the needs of university entrants, explore the possibilities of higher education competitors. Proved that the instrument is-mail-marketing is the e-mail-sending. It's inexpensive and fairly simple variant push-technology, which today is widely use because pure commercial sending gives effect without major financial investments. The article deals with methods of forming database of e-mail addresses of applicants and requirements for e-mails.

  6. 5 CFR 2429.22 - Additional time after service by mail or commercial delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS General Requirements § 2429.22 Additional time after service by mail or commercial delivery... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Additional time after service by mail or commercial delivery. 2429.22 Section 2429.22 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS...

  7. Test of the Behavioral Perspective Model in the Context of an E-Mail Marketing Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigurdsson, Valdimar; Menon, R. G. Vishnu; Sigurdarson, Johannes Pall; Kristjansson, Jon Skafti; Foxall, Gordon R.

    2013-01-01

    An e-mail marketing experiment based on the behavioral perspective model was conducted to investigate consumer choice. Conversion e-mails were sent to two groups from the same marketing database of registered consumers interested in children's books. The experiment was based on A-B-A-C-A and A-C-A-B-A withdrawal designs and consisted of sending B…

  8. 31 CFR 515.542 - Mail and telecommunications-related transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mail and telecommunications-related... Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy § 515.542 Mail and telecommunications-related..., incident to the provision of telecommunications services between the United States and Cuba, the...

  9. 78 FR 27908 - Federal Management Regulation (FMR); Mail Management; Financial Requirements for All Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... Act, especially with regards to sharing best practices, information on training, and promulgating...) Conduct studies, inspections, or surveys; (f) Promote economy and efficiency in the selection and... guidance in mail management and mail operations; (2) Identifying best business practices and sharing...

  10. Your Child's Development: 9 Months

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Your Baby's Growth: 9 Months Your Baby's Hearing, Vision, and Other Senses: 9 Months Your Child's Checkup: 9 Months Medical Care and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old Feeding Your 8- to 12-Month-Old Sleep and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old Contact ...

  11. The style of academic e-mails and conventional letters: contrastive analysis of four conversational routines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clyde Ancarno

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a corpus-based study which investigates the genre of academic email and more specifically its pragmatic dimension. Four conversational routines (thank yous, apologies, requests, offers are analysed and compared in two channels: academic e-mails and conventional print letters. In addition, data from both native and non-native speakers of English is considered, which sheds light on some of the differences found in the academic e-mail writing of learners of English. The findings indicate that academic e-mail is a relatively formal type of correspondence which is still largely influenced, as is to be expected, by the genre of the academic letter, and that as a genre, academic e-mail is in the process of formation or semi-formation. Finally, native speakers of English are found to be more informal than non-native speakers of English in academic e-mails.

  12. Development of an E-mail Application Seemit and its Utilization in an Information Literacy Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kita, Toshihiro; Miyazaki, Makoto; Nakano, Hiroshi; Sugitani, Kenichi; Akiyama, Hidenori

    We have developed a simple e-mail application named Seemit which is designed for being used in information literacy courses. It has necessary and sufficient functionality of an e-mail application, and it has been developed for the purpose of learning basic operations and mechanisms of e-mail transfer easily. It is equipped with the function to automatically set the configuration of user's SMTP/POP servers and e-mail address, etc. The process of transferring e-mail via SMTP and POP can be demonstrated step by step showing actual messages passed during the client-server interaction. We have utilized Seemit in a university-wide information literacy course which holds about 1800 students.

  13. Petroleum marketing monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PPM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o. b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  14. Petroleum marketing monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  15. Electric power monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Electric Power Monthly (EPM) for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source, consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead.

  16. Electric power monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Sandra R.; Johnson, Melvin; McClevey, Kenneth; Calopedis, Stephen; Bolden, Deborah

    1992-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Additionally, statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, new generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel.

  17. Midwest growers' mail survey of contributors to migrant health and nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilanowski, Jill F

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to solicit information from farm owners (growers), as representatives of their farm businesses, regarding descriptive information on migrant camp housing that may contribute to the health and nutritional status of employed workers and their families. This cross-sectional descriptive mail survey was sent to 802 growers in Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania via the US Postal Service. The growers were identified by an Internet search for licensed agricultural work camps in Midwest departments of agriculture. Response rate was 34%. Overall, growers reported a median of one migrant camp with 23 residents, employing workers seasonally for either 10 weeks or 6 months, with seven accompanying children on site. Individual kitchen appliances varied across the states, potentially influencing the preparation of healthy meals. Three themes were identified from the results. First, over one third of owners lacked or had limited knowledge about the health services available to migrant families. Second, migrant workers may have limited access to a variety of fresh produce for household meal preparation. Third, migrant children were unable to easily access public play areas, and families lacked recreational spaces in agricultural work camps. Play areas in migrant camps were mostly identified as open fields with little play equipment on site. Knowledge learned can influence future agricultural camp practices and the design of future research studies, and provide direction for grower education topics presented at agricultural conferences and by extension services.

  18. Mailing strategies and recruitment into an intervention trial of the exercise effect on breast cancer biomarkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tworoger, Shelley S; Yasui, Yutaka; Ulrich, Cornelia M; Nakamura, Heather; LaCroix, Kristin; Johnston, Ric; McTiernan, Anne

    2002-01-01

    Recruitment into public health intervention trials can be costly and time-consuming. We examined two components of recruitment for an exercise trial: (a) a randomized pilot study of mailing strategies; and (b) the results from the entire recruitment process. In the pilot study, 4,999 women were randomized into one of four groups using a factorial design. The first factor was the inclusion or exclusion of a personal invitation letter, and the second was the use of first-class stamps versus bulk mail. We received 580 (11.6%) responses. Responses from interested women were nonsignificantly higher (odds ratio, 1.19; P = 0.10) for first-class versus bulk-rate postage. However, the cost to randomize one participant using first-class mail was $56.14 (in 1998 dollars) more than for bulk mail. We found no difference in response when including the invitation letter (odds ratio, 1.00; P > 0.50). The general recruitment process identified potentially eligible women primarily through mass mailings but also through media and other sources. We mailed recruitment materials, via bulk mail and including an invitation letter, to 103,577 women in the Seattle area over 2 years. Response rates were different (P women; 7.9% for 60-69-year-old women; and 7.4% for 70-75-year-old women. The proportion of respondents eventually randomized did not differ by recruitment strategy (mail, media, other). Our study indicates that bulk mail may be more cost-effective than first-class mail for recruitment into intervention trials and that older women are willing to participate in such studies.

  19. Efficiency Analysis of the Electronic Mail System (INFOMAIL) on the Defense Data Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-01

    the provider of the standard interface. Also the procurement of multipla pieces of equipment .-ith their installation into a user’s facility further...i’Y,: ms provided low cost but effective access to the network rasources. i improve the efficiency of the fkC’s interface with the netwcrk rc -,uirrs...PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Kevin R. Kavanaugh, BS, Capt, USAF r13. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED FRO4 DATE OF REPORT Yr, h. Day, f 5 PAGE COUNT * MS Thesis

  20. Analyzing the Rhetorical, Typographical and Paralinguistic Features of Electronic Mails in the Workplace

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Awad AlAfnan

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the rhetorical, typographical and paralinguistic features used in workplace emails. It revealed that the email exchanges included both spoken and written language features. The use of these features depended on two main factors that are the degree of involvement between the communicators, on the one hand, and the frequency of exchanging emails regarding a single issue on the other. This study also revealed that the communicative purpose of the email has prompted the ty...

  1. AN Analysis of the Relationships Between Korean Culture and Electronic Mail Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    Confucianism . Confucianism , which originated in China, is more a philosophy or a systems of ethics than a religion (11:41; 12:100). Confucianism holds...brought me this far. I also wish to thank my parents , Norman and Loretta Thresher. my sister, Norma Jenkins; and my uncle and aunt, Charlie and Mae...15 Background ....................... 15 Religions ..................... 16 Buddhism ................ 16 Shamanism .............. 17 Confucianism

  2. Using electronic mail to improve MMR uptake amongst third level students.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cooney, F

    2010-03-01

    This study assessed the usefulness of email in informing third level students about special MMR clinics being provided on campus during a mumps outbreak in the North West of Ireland. Email messages were sent directly to students, informing them of the clinics, inviting them to make a clinic appointment by email and providing details of walk-in clinics. At the clinics, all 177 attendees were asked to fill out a questionnaire and the response rate was 89% (n=158). Regarding the main sources of information about the vaccination clinics, email was selected by 117 (74%) students, word-of-mouth by 27 (17%), posters\\/leaflets by 8 (5%), and other sources by 6 (4%). Use of email as a source of information was rated as very good\\/excellent by 115 (73%), as good by 35 (22%) and poor\\/fair by 8 (5%). This study demonstrates that email is a useful and acceptable way of informing third level students about immunisation clinics in an outbreak situation.

  3. Using electronic mail to improve MMR uptake amongst third level students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooney, F; Ryan, A; Schinaia, N; Breslin, A

    2010-03-01

    This study assessed the usefulness of email in informing third level students about special MMR clinics being provided on campus during a mumps outbreak in the North West of Ireland. Email messages were sent directly to students, informing them of the clinics, inviting them to make a clinic appointment by email and providing details of walk-in clinics. At the clinics, all 177 attendees were asked to fill out a questionnaire and the response rate was 89% (n=158). Regarding the main sources of information about the vaccination clinics, email was selected by 117 (74%) students, word-of-mouth by 27 (17%), posters/leaflets by 8 (5%), and other sources by 6 (4%). Use of email as a source of information was rated as very good/excellent by 115 (73%), as good by 35 (22%) and poor/fair by 8 (5%). This study demonstrates that email is a useful and acceptable way of informing third level students about immunisation clinics in an outbreak situation.

  4. Ambient multi-perceptive system with electronic mail for a residential health monitoring system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noury, N; Villemazet, C; Fleury, A; Barralon, P; Rumeau, P; Vuillerme, N; Baghai, R

    2006-01-01

    Based on several years of experiments, we propose a model of information systems for residential healthcare, and technical guide to select available hard and software technologies. An implementation is described, based on Emails. The system is under experimentation within the framework of the French national project AILISA.

  5. Who Votes by Mail?: A Dynamic Model of the Individual-Level Consequences of Voting-by-Mail Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berinsky, A J

    2001-01-01

    Election administrators and public officials often consider changes in electoral laws, hoping that these changes will increase voter turnout and make the electorate more reflective of the voting-age population. The most recent of these innovations is voting-by-mail (VBM), a procedure by which ballots are sent to an address for every registered voter. Over the last 2 decades, VBM has spread across the United States, unaccompanied by much empirical evaluation of its impact on either voter turnout or the stratification of the electorate. In this study, we fill this gap in our knowledge by assessing the impact of VBM in one state, Oregon. We carry out this assessment at the individual level, using data over a range of elections. We argue that VBM does increase voter turnout in the long run, primarily by making it easier for current voters to continue to participate, rather than by mobilizing nonvoters into the electorate. These effects, however, are not uniform across all groups in the electorate. Although VBM in Oregon does not exert any influence on the partisan composition of the electorate, VBM increases, rather than diminishes, the resource stratification of the electorate. Contrary to the expectations of many reformers, VBM advantages the resource-rich by keeping them in the electorate, and VBM does little to change the behavior of the resource-poor. In short, VBM increases turnout, but it does so without making the electorate more descriptively representative of the voting-age population.

  6. Using Electronic Messaging to Improve the Quality of Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zack, Michael H.

    1995-01-01

    Qualitative and quantitative data from business students using electronic mail and computer conferencing showed these methods enabled the instructor to be more accessible and responsive; greater class cohesion developed, and perceived quality of the course and instructor effectiveness increased. (SK)

  7. 75 FR 56922 - Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... integration of multiple extra services. IMpb and Electronic Documentation The IMpb will provide piece-level..., reducing the number of barcodes on a package. Permit the use of a 6-digit or 9-digit numeric Mailer ID...

  8. Petroleum marketing monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-11-01

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data.

  9. Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children: A Twenty-One Month Follow-Up Review of Industry Practices in the Motion Picture, Music Recording and Electronic Game Industries. A Report to Congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federal Trade Commission, Washington, DC.

    In a report issued in September 2000, the Federal Trade Commission contended that the motion picture, music recording, and electronic game industries had engaged in widespread marketing of violent movies, music, and games to children inconsistent with their own parental advisories and undermining parents attempts to make informed decisions about…

  10. E-mail Writing: Providing Background Information in the Core of Computer Assisted Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behzad NAZARI

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study highly supported the effective role of providing background information via e-mail by the teacher to write e-mail by the students in learners’ writing ability. A total number of 50 EFL advanced male students aged between 25 and 40 at different branches of Iran Language Institute in Tehran, Tehran. Through the placement test of Oxford English Language Placement Test (OELPT the students' proficiency level seems to be nearly the same. Participants were randomly assign into two groups of experimental and control, each consisting of 25 students. After the administration of the proficiency test, all groups were assigned to write topic 1 as the pre-test. Next, the teacher involved the learners in the new instruction (treatment. During writing topics 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 experimental group’s background knowledge was activated through e-mail before writing and e-mailing topics while the control group received no background knowledge activation through e-mail. After the treatment was given to the experimental group, the students in both groups were required to write another composition about the last topic, topic 8. Again, in this phase, none of the groups received any background information. The results indicated that providing background information via e-mail by the teacher to write e-mail by the students significantly improved learners’ writing ability.

  11. Weekly e-mailed teaching tips and reading material influence teaching among general surgery residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Ammara A; Gondek, Stephen P; Lagisetty, Kiran H; Castillo-Angeles, Manuel; Gangadharan, Sidharta P; Cahalane, Michael J; Kent, Tara S

    2017-01-01

    A nonintrusive e-mail reminder incorporating teaching tips and manuscripts was developed to supplement resident-as-teacher curricula. Ten high-yield manuscripts and 10 teaching tips exemplifying the themes of mentorship or role modeling, teaching methods, adult learning theory, feedback, and the resident role of teaching were distributed to general surgery house staff through a weekly e-mail series. House staff completed surveys before and after the 20-week e-mail series. Thirty (43%) and 28 (40%) respondents completed the pre-e-mail and post-e-mail survey, respectively. Residents found teaching tips to be more helpful than manuscripts. Weekly e-mail reminders were "just right" in frequency according to 74% of respondents. Forty percent of residents felt the weekly e-mails helped them teach more often and 50% of residents changed their teaching style. Weekly reminders are an easy way to encourage resident teaching without a significant resident time commitment. Residents typically find teaching tips to be more useful than manuscripts. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Investigating e-mail overload in the South African banking industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Burger

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The information workers of today have a wide range of information sources available to make valuable decisions, so much so that it can lead to information overload. The purpose of this research was to investigate the extent of information overload in the South African banking industry. The empirical part of this study was done at the Standard Bank of South Africa, where 115 questionnaires were distributed to three categories of employees. It was found that e-mail is one of the most used computer-mediated applications and is used more than the World-Wide Web, instant messaging or peer-to-peer file sharing. Of the respondents, 65% felt overwhelmed by the amount of e-mails they received as 25% received more than 60 e-mails per day. A third of the respondents dedicated three hours or more to e-mails per day. Respondents agreed that the implementation of policies is important to ensure compliance with legislation, protection of privacy rights and copyright, and the filtering of spam. In conclusion, the respondents indicated that formal training in e-mail management should make a significant difference in the usage of e-mail within the organization and reduce e-mail overload.

  13. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Pornography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Pornography adverti sements arrive through spam e - mail advertising products online. We study consumer responses to these advertisements. College student participants (n=200 with and without sexual performance problems (SPP were asked if they received, opened/read, and bou ght pornography from spam e - mail. Those with SPP had significantly greater percentages than those without SPP for receiving (93.3% versus 68.1%, p=0.042, opening/reading (66.7% versus 14.1%, p<0.001, and purchasing (46.7% versus 4.9%, p<0.001 pornograp hy from spam e - mail. In the multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusting for demographic (age, sex, race/ethnicity, Internet (Internet use, number spam e - mails received, and psychological (self - esteem, perceived stress, sexual performance attitud es variables, those with SPP were significantly associated with opening/reading (OR: 4.51, 95% CI: 1.05, 19.33 and purchasing (OR: 8.76, 95% CI: 1.78, 43.27 pornography from spam e - mail. Also, increased sexual performance attitudes were associated with opening/reading (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.21, 1.54 and purchasing (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.15, 1.62 pornography from spam e - mail. None of the other demographic, Internet, or psychological variables had any associations. Pornography spam e - mail is opened/read a nd purchased, especially among those with SPP. T argeting those with SPP with e - mail advertisements has ethical implications, in addition to the general ethical issue of sending spam e - mail

  14. Do mail-shots improve access to primary care for young men with depression?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Walters

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Young men with mental health problems often do not present to traditional primary care services. Novel methods to engage this population need to be explored. Between April and July 2005, Croydon Primary Care Trust developed a depression service for men aged 18 to 35 years. Part of this service was a mail-shot to all men in this age group registered with two general practices. The mail-shot informed them of the symptoms of depression, the importance of seeking help and where to obtain help. The objective of this research was to determine whether this mail-shot influenced the number of young men presenting to primary care with depression. Method: This was a before and after study. The quarterly incidences of depression in men aged 18 to 35 years was calculated from January 2000 to June 2005. Incidence risk ratios were calculated to compare pre-mail-shot incidence with the post mail-shot incidence. The cost of the mail-shot was calculated. Results: There were 148 new cases of depression diagnosed between January 2000 and June 2005 across the practices. There was a statistically significant increase in depressed young men contacting the two participating general practices in the quarter after the mail-shot compared with previous quarters (IRR 2.57; 95% CI 1.59-4.17; p < 0.001. The cost of the mail-shot was £1.00 per registered man aged between 18 and 35 years, or £297 (450 € per case of depression detected. Conclusion: Mail-shots may be a cost-effective way to encourage this traditionally 'hard-to-reach' group to consult primary care professionals for depression treatment.

  15. Do mail-shots improve access to primary care for young men with depression?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Walters

    Full Text Available Background: Young men with mental health problems often do not present to traditional primary care services. Novel methods to engage this population need to be explored. Between April and July 2005, Croydon Primary Care Trust developed a depression service for men aged 18 to 35 years. Part of this service was a mail-shot to all men in this age group registered with two general practices. The mail-shot informed them of the symptoms of depression, the importance of seeking help and where to obtain help. The objective of this research was to determine whether this mail-shot influenced the number of young men presenting to primary care with depression. Method: This was a before and after study. The quarterly incidences of depression in men aged 18 to 35 years was calculated from January 2000 to June 2005. Incidence risk ratios were calculated to compare pre-mail-shot incidence with the post mail-shot incidence. The cost of the mail-shot was calculated. Results: There were 148 new cases of depression diagnosed between January 2000 and June 2005 across the practices. There was a statistically significant increase in depressed young men contacting the two participating general practices in the quarter after the mail-shot compared with previous quarters (IRR 2.57; 95% CI 1.59-4.17; p < 0.001. The cost of the mail-shot was £1.00 per registered man aged between 18 and 35 years, or £297 (450 € per case of depression detected. Conclusion: Mail-shots may be a cost-effective way to encourage this traditionally 'hard-to-reach' group to consult primary care professionals for depression treatment.

  16. Commissioners' Monthly Case Activity Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission — Total cases pending at the beginning of the month, total cases added to the docket during the month, total cases disposed of during the month, and total cases...

  17. Benchmarking monthly homogenization algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. K. C. Venema

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology Action ES0601: Advances in homogenization methods of climate series: an integrated approach (HOME has executed a blind intercomparison and validation study for monthly homogenization algorithms. Time series of monthly temperature and precipitation were evaluated because of their importance for climate studies and because they represent two important types of statistics (additive and multiplicative. The algorithms were validated against a realistic benchmark dataset. The benchmark contains real inhomogeneous data as well as simulated data with inserted inhomogeneities. Random break-type inhomogeneities were added to the simulated datasets modeled as a Poisson process with normally distributed breakpoint sizes. To approximate real world conditions, breaks were introduced that occur simultaneously in multiple station series within a simulated network of station data. The simulated time series also contained outliers, missing data periods and local station trends. Further, a stochastic nonlinear global (network-wide trend was added.

    Participants provided 25 separate homogenized contributions as part of the blind study as well as 22 additional solutions submitted after the details of the imposed inhomogeneities were revealed. These homogenized datasets were assessed by a number of performance metrics including (i the centered root mean square error relative to the true homogeneous value at various averaging scales, (ii the error in linear trend estimates and (iii traditional contingency skill scores. The metrics were computed both using the individual station series as well as the network average regional series. The performance of the contributions depends significantly on the error metric considered. Contingency scores by themselves are not very informative. Although relative homogenization algorithms typically improve the homogeneity of temperature data, only the best ones improve

  18. Announcement: National Bullying Prevention Awareness Month - October 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-07

    Bullying among youths is defined as any unwanted aggressive behavior by another youth or group of youths who are not siblings or current dating partners and involves an observed or perceived power imbalance, and is repeated multiple times or is highly likely to be repeated (1). As a form of youth violence, bullying can include aggression that is physical (hitting or tripping), verbal (name calling or teasing), or relational/social (rumor spreading or leaving out of a group). Electronic aggression, or cyber-bullying, is bullying that occurs through the Internet, cellphone technology, and social media (e.g., e-mail, website, text messaging, posting videos, or pictures) (2).

  19. 76 FR 21413 - Classification Changes for Competitive Mail Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-15

    ...: Submit comments electronically by accessing the ``Filing Online'' link in the banner at the top of the... Postal Service states that this minor change is proposed to reflect changes to country-specific size and... related to the proposed classification change identified in the Postal Service's Notice. Interested...

  20. 21 CFR 203.36 - Fulfillment houses, shipping and mailing services, comarketing agreements, and third-party...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fulfillment houses, shipping and mailing services... Samples § 203.36 Fulfillment houses, shipping and mailing services, comarketing agreements, and third... manufacturer or authorized distributor of record that uses a fulfillment house, shipping or mailing service,...

  1. High assurance multilevel secure mail service: session server and IMAP server

    OpenAIRE

    Balmer, Steven; Bryer-Joyner, Susan; Eads, Brad; Heller, Scott D.; Irvine, Cynthia E.

    1999-01-01

    "We are developing a multilevel mail service that combines server-based high assurance mandatory security policy enforcement with commemrcial-off-the-shelf (COTS) operating systems and software on client systems."

  2. 22 CFR 102.14 - Salvage of mail and other property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., sections 6 and 7, of the Air Mail Provisions annexed to the Universal Postal Union Convention, Paris, 1947... jurisdiction over that area, giving a description of the pouches recovered. This description should include...

  3. 27 CFR 24.277 - Date of mailing or delivering of returns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Removal, Return and Receipt of Wine Taxpaid... United States Postal Service stamped on the cover of the envelope in which the return was mailed...

  4. Petroleum supply monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blends, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

  5. Petroleum Supply Monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

  6. COSMIC monthly progress report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    Activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC) are summarized for the month of May 1994. Tables showing the current inventory of programs available from COSMIC are presented and program processing and evaluation activities are summarized. Nine articles were prepared for publication in the NASA Tech Brief Journal. These articles (included in this report) describe the following software items: (1) WFI - Windowing System for Test and Simulation; (2) HZETRN - A Free Space Radiation Transport and Shielding Program; (3) COMGEN-BEM - Composite Model Generation-Boundary Element Method; (4) IDDS - Interactive Data Display System; (5) CET93/PC - Chemical Equilibrium with Transport Properties, 1993; (6) SDVIC - Sub-pixel Digital Video Image Correlation; (7) TRASYS - Thermal Radiation Analyzer System (HP9000 Series 700/800 Version without NASADIG); (8) NASADIG - NASA Device Independent Graphics Library, Version 6.0 (VAX VMS Version); and (9) NASADIG - NASA Device Independent Graphics Library, Version 6.0 (UNIX Version). Activities in the areas of marketing, customer service, benefits identification, maintenance and support, and dissemination are also described along with a budget summary.

  7. Design Methodology of the Structure of Postal Express Mail Networks of Aviation Channels in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    On the basis of the postal area center office system, the continuous space approximation is used to study the structure of postal express mail networks of aviation channels in China. Tradeoffs among sorting, handling, transportation, administrative and facilities costs are examined. The optimizing design methodology proposed in this paper can be used to analyze and design the postal express mail network. The objective is to minimize the total system cost.

  8. Management of Asymptomatic Erosive Esophagitis: An E-Mail Survey of Physician's Opinions

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Seong Woo; Lee, Jun Haeng; Kim, Jie-Hyun; Kim, Jeong Hwan; Kim, Heung Up; Jeon, Seong Woo

    2013-01-01

    Background/Aims The management of asymptomatic erosive esophagitis is controversial. We surveyed physicians' opinions on asymptomatic erosive esophagitis using e-mail. Methods All members of the Korean Society of Neurogastro-enterology and Motility were invited to answer the questionnaire on the treatment and follow-up of patients with asymptomatic erosive esophagitis by e-mail. Results A total of 73 members answered the questionnaire (response rate, 18%). As initial management, 41% of respon...

  9. Electronic Router

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crusan, Jason

    2005-01-01

    Electronic Router (E-Router) is an application program for routing documents among the cognizant individuals in a government agency or other organization. E-Router supplants a prior 14 NASA Tech Briefs, May 2005 system in which paper documents were routed physically in packages by use of paper slips, packages could be lost, routing times were unacceptably long, tracking of packages was difficult, and there was a need for much photocopying. E-Router enables a user to create a digital package to be routed. Input accepted by E-Router includes the title of the package, the person(s) to whom the package is to be routed, attached files, and comments to reviewers. Electronic mail is used to notify reviewers of needed actions. The creator of the package can, at any time, see the status of the package in the routing structure. At the end of the routing process, E-Router keeps a record of the package and of approvals and/or concurrences of the reviewers. There are commercial programs that perform the general functions of E-Router, but they are more complicated. E-Router is Web-based, easy to use, and does not require the installation or use of client software.

  10. Identifying Speech Acts in E-Mails: Toward Automated Scoring of the "TOEIC"® E-Mail Task. Research Report. ETS RR-12-16

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Felice, Rachele; Deane, Paul

    2012-01-01

    This study proposes an approach to automatically score the "TOEIC"® Writing e-mail task. We focus on one component of the scoring rubric, which notes whether the test-takers have used particular speech acts such as requests, orders, or commitments. We developed a computational model for automated speech act identification and tested it…

  11. Computer Security: e-mail is broken and there is nothing we can do

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefan Lueders, Computer Security Team

    2016-01-01

    Have you ever received an e-mail from a friend or someone you know and been surprised or appalled by its contents? Or, worse, have you have received a response to an e-mail that wasn’t written by you? Maybe with similarly surprising or appalling contents? If yes, welcome to the insecurity of the mail protocol, where nothing is as it seems…   No, this time we are not talking about “phishing” or malicious attachments but the very basics of the e-mail protocol. “SMTP” aka the “Simple Mail Transfer Protocol” is exactly what it says: very simple! In many respects, e-mails are identical to physical hand-written letters: you cannot deduce from the sender’s address nor from the message text whether it has really been sent by that person. Impersonation has never been as easy as with the SMTP protocol. Due to its simple design, I can pretend to be Mickey Mouse, Harry Potter or anyone else, and send you text messages...

  12. An Evaluation of Incentive Experiments in a Two-Phase Address-Based Sample Mail Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daifeng Han

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Address-based sampling (ABS with a two-phase data collection approach has emerged as a promising alternative to random digit dial (RDD surveys for studying specific subpopulations in the United States. In 2011, the National Household Education Surveys Program Field Test used a two-phase ABS design with a postal or mail screener to identify households with eligible children and a mail topical questionnaire administered to parents of sampled children to collect measures of interest. Experiments with prepaid cash incentives and special mail delivery methods were applied in both phases. For the screener, sampled addresses were randomly designated to receive either $2 or $5 in the initial mailing. During the topical phase, incentives (ranging from $0 to $20 and delivery methods (First Class Mail or Priority Mail were assigned randomly but depended on how quickly the household had responded to the screener. The paper first evaluates the effects of incentives on response rates, and then examines incentive levels for attracting the hard-to-reach groups and improving sample composition. The impact of incentive on data collection cost is also examined.

  13. Social work practice in the digital age: therapeutic e-mail as a direct practice methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattison, Marian

    2012-07-01

    The author addresses the risks and benefits of incorporating therapeutic e-mail communication into clinical social work practice. Consumer demand for online clinical services is growing faster than the professional response. E-mail, when used as an adjunct to traditional meetings with clients, offers distinct advantages and risks. Benefits include the potential to reach clients in geographically remote and underserved communities, enhancing and extending the therapeutic relationship and improving treatment outcomes. Risks include threats to client confidentiality and privacy, liability coverage for practitioners, licensing jurisdiction, and the lack of competency standards for delivering e-mail interventions. Currently, the social work profession does not have adequate instructive guidelines and best-practice standards for using e-mail as a direct practice methodology. Practitioners need (formal) academic training in the techniques connected to e-mail exchanges with clients. The author describes the ethical and legal risks for practitioners using therapeutic e-mail with clients and identifies recommendations for establishing best-practice standards.

  14. Filling in the Gaps: Conservation and Reconstruction of Archaeological Mail Armour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martijn A Wijnhoven

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Mail armour is made of many interlinking metal rings. It has been a popular type of defensive gear through the centuries, and this popularity has in part been due to mail armour’s flexibility. However, this very flexibility today hinders its conservation, interpretation and display. Mail pieces retrieved from archaeological contexts are often in such poor state of preservation that their original shape is unrecognizable. This poses a challenge not only for conserving these artefacts, but also for understanding them. This paper describes a conservation technique for flexible mail that involves restoring preserved rings to their original position and filling in the remaining gaps with dummy rings. In addition to stabilizing the mesh of mail, this measure also aids the artefact’s interpretation. The advantages of using this method with archaeological specimens are presented by means of a case-study concerning the remains of a Roman mail coat found near Novae, Bulgaria. The case-study shows that the choice of conservation technique greatly influences the amount of information that researchers can obtain from this material.

  15. Managing E-mail Interactions with Patients: A Discussion with Clinicians in Evaluating the Personal Health Link Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrato, Carl A; Retecki, Sally

    2004-01-01

    One software feature in the Personal Health Link (PHL) Project allows members of Kaiser Permanente to send secure e-mail messages to clinicians and staff. As an early step in the PHL evaluation process, a group of primary care physicians met to discuss their opinions and experiences with e-mail interactions with patients and to suggest strategies for effectively managing these e-mail interactions. Most clinicians spoke from their experience with e-mail interactions with patients in a conventional e-mail environment; only one clinician in the group was using PHL.

  16. Your Baby's Growth: 3 Months

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Be Smart About Social Media Your Baby's Growth: 3 Months KidsHealth > For Parents > Your Baby's Growth: 3 Months Print A A A What's in ... months of life are a period of rapid growth. Your baby will gain about 1 to 1½ ...

  17. Monthly energy review, August 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The Monthly Energy Review for the month of August 1997, presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.

  18. Effect of Media Usage Selection on Social Mobilization Speed: Facebook vs E-Mail.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Wang

    Full Text Available Social mobilization is a process that enlists a large number of people to achieve a goal within a limited time, especially through the use of social media. There is increasing interest in understanding the factors that affect the speed of social mobilization. Based on the Langley Knights competition data set, we analyzed the differences in mobilization speed between users of Facebook and e-mail. We include other factors that may influence mobilization speed (gender, age, timing, and homophily of information source in our model as control variables in order to isolate the effect of such factors. We show that, in this experiment, although more people used e-mail to recruit, the mobilization speed of Facebook users was faster than that of those that used e-mail. We were also able to measure and show that the mobilization speed for Facebook users was on average seven times faster compared to e-mail before controlling for other factors. After controlling for other factors, we show that Facebook users were 1.84 times more likely to register compared to e-mail users in the next period if they have not done so at any point in time. This finding could provide useful insights for future social mobilization efforts.

  19. Nonresponse analysis and adjustment in a mail survey on car accidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tivesten, Emma; Jonsson, Sofia; Jakobsson, Lotta; Norin, Hans

    2012-09-01

    Statistical accident data plays an important role for traffic safety development involving the road system, vehicle design, and driver education. Vehicle manufacturers use data from accident mail surveys as an integral part of the product development process. Low response rates has, however, lead to concerns on whether estimates from a mail survey can be trusted as a source for making strategic decisions. The main objective of this paper was to investigate nonresponse bias in a mail survey addressing driver behaviour in accident situations. Insurance data, available for both respondents and nonrespondents were used to analyze, as well as adjust for nonresponse. Response propensity was investigated by using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses. The survey data was then weighted by using inverse propensity weights. Two specific examples of survey estimates are addressed, namely driver vigilance and driver's distraction just before the accident. The results from this paper reveal that driver age and accident type were the most influential variables for nonresponse weighting. Driver gender and size of town where the driver resides also had some influence, but not for all survey variables investigated. The main conclusion of this paper is that nonresponse weighting can increase confidence in accident data collected by a mail survey, especially when response rates are low. Weighting has a moderate influence on this survey, but a larger influence may be expected if applied on a more diverse driver population. The development of auxiliary data collection can further improve accident mail survey methodology in future. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Perceived Barriers to and Facilitators of Patient-to-Provider E-Mail in the Management of Diabetes Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popeski, Naomi; McKeen, Caitlin; Khokhar, Bushra; Edwards, Alun; Ghali, William A; Sargious, Peter; White, Debbie; Hebert, Marilynne; Rabi, Doreen M

    2015-12-01

    1) to describe current utilization of e-mail in the clinical care of patients with diabetes; and 2) to identify barriers to and facilitators of the adoption of e-mail in diabetes care. Participants included diabetes care providers, including 9 physicians and 7 allied health professionals (AHPs). Participation involved, first, completing a self-administered survey to evaluate the use of e-mail within diabetes-related clinical practice. Second, focus group discussions were conducted with diabetes care providers using semistructured interviews to collect data about their perceptions of using e-mail to exchange information with patients diagnosed with diabetes. Patients' perspectives on the use of e-communication with their care providers was also proposed on the basis of the discussions. Significant differences were found between physicians and AHPs concerning questions that were related to the use of e-mail and the amount of time spent using e-mail to communicate to patients. There was perceived function and value to the use of e-mail among AHPs, while few physicians used e-mail routinely and were uncertain about its potential in improving care. Five themes, including barriers, benefits, risks, safeguards and compensation, were developed from the focus group interviews. Currently, most of the physicians surveyed do not e-mail patients directly; however, AHPs frequently use e-mail in diabetes care and find this tool valuable. Variation in practices regarding clinical e-mail across care disciplines suggest that appropriate policy with guidelines for e-mail and e-communication within the health care system may improve uptake of clinical e-mail and perhaps, by extension, improve efficiency and access in diabetes care. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.