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Sample records for monterrey nuevo leon

  1. Airborne pollen of Carya, Celtis, Cupressus, Fraxinus and Pinus in the metropolitan area of Monterrey Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha-Estrada, Alejandra; Alvarado-Vázquez, Marco Antonio; Torres-Cepeda, Teresa Elizabeth; Foroughbakhch-Pournavab, Rahim; Hernández-Piñero, Jorge Luis

    2008-01-01

    The concentration of pollen grains in the atmosphere over the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, was analyzed throughout a year from March 2003-February 2004, focused on the genus Carya, Celtis, Cupressus, Fraxinus and Pinus owing to their interest as etiological pollinosis agents in diverse regions of the world. A 7-day Hirst type volumetric spore and pollen trap was located on a building roof of the city at 15 m from ground level for continuous sampling. The total quantity of pollen recorded for the study period was 21,083 grains/m(3), corresponding to 49.75 % of the taxa of interest. February and March were the months with higher pollen amounts in the air with 7,525 and 2,781 grains/m(3), respectively, and amounted to 49 % of total year through pollen. Fraxinus was the genus which contributed to the largest amount of pollen with 28 % of total grains (5,935 grains/m(3)) followed by Cupressus with 13 % (2,742 grains/ m(3)). Celtis, Pinus and Carya contributed with 5.3 % , 2.7 % , and 0.6 % of total pollen, respectively. These results indicate that Fraxinus and Cupressus are present in the area in sufficient quantity to indicate likely involvement in the origin of allergic disorders in the human population.

  2. The humble in a context of "greatness": challenges facing the regeneration of Barrio Antiguo in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon

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    Prieto Gonzalez, Jose Manuel

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The current “Barrio Antiguo” (Old Quarter of Monterrey (Mexico, formerly known as "Cathedral Quarter", is a postmodern product arising from the intervention between 1988 and 1994 in a sector called First Square, shortly after the construction of the “Macroplaza” (1979-1985 destroyed a significant part of that same sector. Thus, “Barrio Antiguo” became an example of consciousness cleansing experience. The area is a part of what would become the center of Monterrey, whose physical and conceptual boundaries are still undefined. After a harsh period of degradation in the quarter, especially profound in the context of organized crime and its resulting violence in recent years, the Municipal Institute for Planning and Coexistence of Monterrey (IMPLANC has undertaken the task of regenerating the area. The aim of this lecture is to reveal the difficulties faced by the previously mentioned regeneration, starting with the "inferiority complex" that stirs up among the Monterrey population –traditionally-identified with the official discourse of "greatness"– due to the humility of both the architecture and the vernacular northeastern atmosphere of the quarter, especially when comparisons are made with national historic centers which are World Heritage Sites. El actual Barrio Antiguo de Monterrey, antaño conocido como “Barrio de Catedral”, es un producto posmoderno que surge de la intervención realizada entre 1988 y 1994 en un sector del llamado Primer Cuadro de la ciudad, poco después de que las obras de la Macroplaza (1979-85 destruyeran una parte importante de ese mismo sector. Barrio Antiguo vino a ser así una especie de lavado de conciencia. La zona es una parte de lo que sería el centro histórico de Monterrey, cuyos límites físicos y conceptuales aún están sin definir. Después de una dura etapa de degradación del Barrio, especialmente intensa en el contexto de la ola de violencia de los últimos años, el Instituto

  3. Estructura del proceso de decision de compra en los jovenes universitarios en equipos de telefonia celular: caso de estudio poblacion universitaria en Monterrey Nuevo Leon.

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    Francisco Torres

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Influences among college students such as social situational frame, marketing efforts and purchase decision process of cellular phones is the main objectives in this research, which is oriented to analyze the preferences and attitude in shown in the purchase of cellular telephones. The results allows interesting information on how college students consider which is the most innovating manufacturer in cellular telephony, besides how they rank their best provider/ carrier of cellular services and also how they shown their attitude towards the communication channels appropriate for receiving news about technology innovation and sale promotions. The research project was developed among college students from nine universities in the Metropolitan Area of Monterrey (AMM.

  4. [Prevalence of reactions secundary to mosquito bites Aedes aegypti at en el Regional Center of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University Hospital, de Monterrey, Nuevo Leon].

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    González Diaz, Sandra Nora; Cruz, Alfredo Arias; Sedó Mejía, Giovanni A; Rojas Lozano, Antonio A; Valenzuela, Enrique Avitia; Vidaurri Ojeda, Alma C

    2010-01-01

    although systemic reactions resulting from hymenoptera stings have been studied extensively, the prevalence of allergic reactions to mosquitoes is unknown. to investigate the prevalence of allergic reactions to Aedes aegypti bites in patients seeking treatment at the Allergy and Clinical Immunology Regional Center of Jose E Gonzalez University Hospital in Monterrey, Mexico. we carried out a cross-sectional, descriptive study that included patients receiving skin tests for aeroallergens; skin sensitivity to mosquito bites was also tested. A questionnaire was used to obtain information about previous allergic reactions to mosquito bites. a total of 482 patients between 2 and 60 years of age were included; 53% were female, 407 (84.4%) had a history of local reactions to mosquito bites. Twelve patients (2.4%) stated a history of large local reaction; three (0.6%) of them with a positive skin prick test, one (0.2%) of those had systemic reaction history to mosquito. Eighty five (17.6%) patients had a positive mosquito skin test and 307 (63.6%) had a positive skin test for at least one aeroallergen. Seventy-eight (91.7%) of the 85 patients with a positive mosquito skin test had a history of local skin reactions to mosquito bite (odds ratio: 2.303 [confidence interval (CI) 1.037-5.10]. There was no statistically significance association between allergic diseases and mosquito allergy. adverse reactions and allergic reactions to mosquito bites occur frequently. However mosquito allergy is low. Further studies are required to determine the prevalence of mosquito allergy in the general population.

  5. Etude micropaléontologique et évolution de la formation Cupido (Hauterivien-Aptien) dans le NE du Mexique (Région du canyon de la Huasteca Monterrey, Nuevo Leon)

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    Lara Osorio, Eva Luz

    2009-01-01

    In the northeastern part of Mexico, in the Nuevo Léon region, within the Huasteca Canyon, more than forty species of benthic foraminifera, different species of dacycladales algae and planctonic fauna have been described along a 200-m section of limestone deposits. This micropaleontologic work is based on thin sections observation in which we determined the precise number of each element identified within a reference surface. These results are then reported into a table plotting vertically the...

  6. Acciones públicas en la zona metropolitana de Monterrey, Nuevo León

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    Freddy Mariñez Navarro

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Existe una relación entre el capital social y las redes de políticas, como puntos fundamentales para la definición de las políticas públicas, con participación de actores. En este caso se analizan datos empíricos del capital social en los nueve municipios de la zona metropolitana de Monterrey, Nuevo León.También, se identifican los contextos de las redes de políticas tanto en las acciones públicas de dichos municipios, como en el proyecto de Ciudad Internacional del Conocimiento. El artículo concluye que un enfoque de redes de políticas provee una herramienta útil para el análisis del proceso de las políticas públicas, y a la vez refuerza la eficacia y legitimidad de las acciones públicas.

  7. Redes sociales y Áreas Naturales Protegidas en la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey, Nuevo León

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    Gabriela de la Mora-de la Mora

    2015-01-01

    A partir del análisis de las dinámicas de interacción entre actores sociales clave, vinculados a la gestión de las áreas naturales protegidas y a la protección de los servicios ambientales hidrológicos en la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey ( zmm) , Nuevo León, se analizan las acciones que se llevan a cabo para lograr los objetivos de conservación. Se utiliza el análisis de redes para comprender la estructura y densidad de las relaciones sociales establecidas y su influencia en la definici...

  8. Redes sociales y Áreas Naturales Protegidas en la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey, Nuevo León

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    Gabriela de la Mora-de la Mora

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir del análisis de las dinámicas de interacción entre actores sociales clave, vinculados a la gestión de las áreas naturales protegidas y a la protección de los servicios ambientales hidrológicos en la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey ( zmm , Nuevo León, se analizan las acciones que se llevan a cabo para lograr los objetivos de conservación. Se utiliza el análisis de redes para comprender la estructura y densidad de las relaciones sociales establecidas y su influencia en la definición de la gobernanza ambiental actual en la región, lo que permite destacar la exis - tencia de alianzas estratégicas en materia de conservación y al mismo tiempo la falta de comunicación en otros sectores.

  9. Recomendaciones de Liderazgo para los Dueños de Pymes Familiares Exportadoras y no Exportadoras en Nuevo Leon

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    Maria Eloisa Treviño Ayala

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this document is to state the importance that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs exporting and non-exporting have, as well as family businesses in Mexico´s economy and specifically in the state of Nuevo Leon. It establishes certain family SMEs, exporting and non-exporting, characteristics to take into consideration by Nuevo Leon leaders that seek success under the determinant of profits. It also locates qualities, from our stand point, classic and contemporaries, recommended for managers and administrators of this type of companies.

  10. The Biogas from bio-energy electrical power plant of Nuevo Leon; Central electrica de biogas de bioenergia de Nuevo Leon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arvizu F, Jose L [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Saldana M, Jaime L [Sistemas de Energia Internacional S.A. de C.V. (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The biogas from bio-energy electrical power plant of Nuevo Leon represents, in all the national territory, the first experience on the advantage of biogas emitted by the sanitary landfills for the generation of electrical energy. Therefore, one of the specific objectives of this paper is the one of diffusion and reproduction of the same one in other cities of Mexico and Latin America. The project is framed within the world-wide policies on the control of emissions for the reduction of the greenhouse effect gases (GEG) and its impact in the global climatic change. The gas emitted by the trash sanitary landfills, commonly known as biogas, is a gas mixture derived from the decomposition of the organic matter of the municipal trash by microorganisms in anaerobic conditions. Biogas generated in the sanitary landfills has a methane content of 55% and a 35% of carbon dioxide. The balance 10% is made up of water steam, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen sulfur and other gases in minimum amounts. [Spanish] La Central Electrica de Biogas de Bioenergia de Nuevo Leon representa, en todo el territorio nacional, la primera experiencia sobre el aprovechamiento del biogas emitido por los rellenos sanitarios para la generacion de energia electrica. Por esta razon, uno de los objetivos especificos de este trabajo es la de difusion y reproduccion del mismo en otras ciudades de Mexico y Latinoamerica. El proyecto esta enmarcado dentro de las politicas mundiales sobre el control de emisiones para la reduccion de los gases de efecto invernadero (GEI) y su impacto en el cambio climatico global. El gas emitido por la basura dispuesta en los rellenos sanitarios, comunmente conocido como biogas, es una mezcla de gases derivado de la descompensacion de la materia organica de la basura municipal por microorganismos en condiciones anaerobias. El biogas generado en los rellenos sanitarios tiene un contenido de metano del 55% y un 35% de bioxido de carbono. El 10% restante se compone de vapor

  11. Learning Styles and Attitudes toward Online Education in Four Universities in the State of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

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    Martinez de Monarrez, Patricia; Korniejczuk, Victor

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to find the relation-ship between the predominant learning styles among university online students and their attitude toward online education. Data were collected from 385 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs from four universities in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Significant effects of…

  12. Learning Styles and Attitudes toward Online Education in Four Universities in the State of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez de Monarrez, Patricia; Korniejczuk, Victor

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to find the relation-ship between the predominant learning styles among university online students and their attitude toward online education. Data were collected from 385 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs from four universities in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Significant effects of…

  13. Identidad escolar en las preparatorias de Nuevo León / School identity in Nuevo Leon preps

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    Garza, Eric

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Los procesos identitarios en la educación cobran interés científico dados los retos que acarrea el desarrollo del transporte y las comunicaciones, los cuales exponen a los jóvenes a continuas influencias de culturas foráneas. Este artículo presenta un estudio del proceso formativo en el desarrollo de la identidad cultural en la Preparatoria No. 1 de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, México, en el que se tuvo cuenta la dinámica particular del proceso en el nivel medio superior. El objetivo del artículo es fundamentar de manera conceptual las características de la educación de la identidad como resultado del proceso formativo y la interacción entre la cultura global, regional y escolar. Se parte de un estudio epistemológico de dichos elementos, a través de un análisis lógico-histórico y metodológico que permitió identificar indicadores e implementar un plan efectivo para lograr el desarrollo cultural de los estudiantes del nivel medio superior. Mediante su instrumentación en la práctica educativa, se propicia la aplicación de mejores vías de solución a los problemas relativos a la formación de la identidad. ABSTRACT The education of identity is increasingly gaining scientific interest due to the challenges brought about by the development of transport and communications, which exposes young people to a continuous influence of foreign cultures. The paper describes a study on the formative process within the development of cultural identity, considering it as dynamic, particularly in senior high school level, at Preparatory School 1 at the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon. The article aims at theoretically arguing the features characterizing identity as a result of the formative process and the interaction between global, regional and school influences. The study starts by constructing a theoretical framework and identifying indicators, finally, an effective plan intended to develop students’ cultural development

  14. Effectiveness of spinosad and temephos for the control of mosquito larvae at a tire dump in Allende, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

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    Garza-Robledo, Argentina A; Martínez-Perales, Juan F; Rodríguez-Castro, Violeta A; Quiroz-Martínez, Humberto

    2011-12-01

    The effectiveness of spinosad and temephos for the control of mosquito larvae was evaluated in a tire dump in Allende, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Three groups of 12 to 17 tires located in tree shade were utilized for this study. After the larvicides were applied, samples were collected weekly from 7 randomly chosen tires. The data showed a significant difference between the larvicides and control. Under the conditions of the present study, the effectiveness of spinosad against mosquito larvae was similar to that of temephos, both being effective for up to 91 days postapplication. In addition, spinosad allowed the establishment of the mosquito predator Toxorhynchites sp.

  15. Levels of coverage and accessibility of infrastructure services of drinking water and health in Nuevo Leon, Mexico

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    Alvarado Lagunas, Elias

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Analyze the distribution infrastructure potable water and health in the state of Nuevo Leon. Materials and methods. To this end, the territorial distribution of the company is analyzed using a geographic information system (GIS in order to demonstrate the existing territorial gap in the formulation of public policy in the hydraulic and health sectors. Results. We show that municipalities with greater social marginalization (no running water or access to health services tend to have the worst health outcomes. Conclusion. It is located in Nuevo Leon there is an unequal distribution of material and human resources in the drinking water and health, as there is a high concentration of these resources in the metropolitan area and the consequent neglect of the municipalities of the periphery. Objetivo. Analizar la distribución de la infraestructura de los sistemas de agua potable y de salud en el estado de Nuevo León. Materiales y métodos. Para tal fin, se analiza la distribución territorial de la entidad mediante un sistema de información geográfica (SIG con el objeto de demostrar la carencia territorial existente en la formulación de las políticas públicas en los sectores hidráulico y de la salud. Resultados. Se demuestra que los municipios con mayor marginación social (sin agua potable ni acceso a servicios de salud tienden a presentar los peores resultados sanitarios. Conclusión. Se encuentra que en Nuevo León existe una distribución desigual de los recursos materiales y humanos en los sistemas de agua potable y de salud, ya que existe una alta concentración de estos recursos en el área metropolitana y el consecuente descuido de los municipios de la periferia.

  16. Variation in the gene frequencies of three generations of humans from Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico.

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    Cerda-Flores, R M; Garza-Chapa, R

    1989-04-01

    Allele frequencies for the ABO, Rh, MNSs, Duffy, Kidd, Lutheran, P and Lewis blood group systems in 207 persons whose 4 grandparents were born in the Monterrey Metropolitan area (MMA), grouped into 3 generations, were ascertained along with other related population from the MMA, Mestizos from Saltillo, Coahuila and Tlaxcala, and from the populations thought to have contributed to their genetic constitution (native Mexican Indians and Spanish). Genetic admixture and distance estimates were calculated. Gene frequencies of the three generations from MMA are intermediate to those of the ancestral populations, indicating that they are Mestizo but with a genetic structure different from Mestizos of Saltillo and Tlaxcala. Both genetic admixture and distance estimates indicate that the oldest generation exhibits the greatest Spanish influence which decreases in the youngest generation and in the other MMA populations as a result of the immigration from the central states of Mexico.

  17. Fundamentos teoricos de la creacion de un modelo de adquisicion corporativa internacional: Caso de las principales empresas de Nuevo Leon

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    Cabeza, L.

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The importance to propose a success Model in the international corporate acquisitions consists of offering to the important Mexican firms the factors that will allow having greater success with the international investments. In this research we selected four of the most important firms of Nuevo Leon that have important experience with international acquisitions and present them the questionnaire that was designed to validate the variables of the Model. In this paper we present the theories that give the theoretical foundations to the variables of the proposed Model that consist of 6 variables or key success factors that need to be considered for an international acquisitions, which are: Country Knowledge, Industry Knowledge, Customer relationship, Supplier relationship, Technology and Market.

  18. "Optics 4 every1", the hands-on optics outreach program of the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

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    Viera-González, Perla M.; Sánchez-Guerrero, Guillermo E.

    2016-09-01

    The Fisica Pato2 (Physics 4 every1) outreach group started as a need of hands-on activities and active Science demonstrations in the education for kids, teenagers and basic education teachers in Nuevo Leffon maintaining a main objective of spread the word about the importance of Optics and Photonics; for accomplish this objective, since November 2013 several outreach events are organized every year by the group. The program Optics 4 every1 is supported by the Facultad de Ciencias Fisico Matematicas of the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon and the International Society for Optics and Photonics and consist in quick hands-on activities and Optics demonstrations designed for teach basic optical phenomena related with light and its application in everyday life. During 2015, with the purpose of celebrate the International Year of Light 2015, the outreach group was involved in 13 different events and reached more than 8,000 people. The present work explains the activities done and the outcome obtained with this program.

  19. Calidad e integracion exitosa de la cadena automotriz de las PYMES en el estado de Nuevo Leon

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    Mónica Blanco Jiménez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium enterprises in the automotive industry in Mexico play an increasingly important role in the development of national industry, contributing to 2.6% of GDP and represent 11.5% of the manufacturing sector. However, in a recent study of TBM Consulting found that only 20% of auto parts manufacturers in Mexico have the potential to become world-class suppliers of the automotive industry, 40% are in the process of improvement and the remaining 40%, still doing things the traditional way. According to this analysis, including the difficulties faced by SMEs are unable to comply with the requirements of quality products, poor marketing, lack of refinancing, lack of efficient management techniques, among others. In this research is to analyze the problems of SMEs in the automotive sector in the State of Nuevo León and whether having a system implementation of 5S's is looking to integrate the methodologies needed to be innovative, strengthen intercompany and to adopt the ABC costing accounting system, allowing them to have a better quality and successful integration in the automotive supply chain in Nuevo Leon.

  20. Magnolia dealbata en Nuevo León, México Magnolia dealbata in Nuevo Leon, México

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    Carlos Gerardo Velazco-Macías

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza y describe la distribución de Magnolia dealbata Zucc. en el estado de Nuevo León, México, aportando información acerca de la ecología, estado de conservación, situación del hábitat y fenología de las poblaciones estudiadas. Por medio de una revisión bibliográfica y trabajo de campo realizado en la sierra Madre Oriental, se obtuvieron datos que permiten distinguir 2 núcleos poblacionales ubicados en el municipio de Montemorelos, en el centro del estado, con extensión total de 17.66 hectáreas, y densidad de hasta 30 individuos por 100 m2. Se presenta en asociación con Pinus teocote, Quercus spp., Cornus florida, Carya sp. y Sambucus nigra. La observación fenológica durante el periodo de estudio mostró que la aparición de nuevos brotes foliares comienza a principios de marzo y la floración a principios de mayo. El hábitat se observa con pocas alteraciones y no se identificaron amenazas a corto plazo para estas poblaciones.The distribution of Magnolia dealbata Zucc. in the state of Nuevo León in northeastern Mexico is analyzed and described; information regarding its conservation status, habitat health, and phenology of studied populations is provided. Through bibliographical information and field work in the Sierra Madre Oriental, 2 core populations of M. dealbata Zucc. can be distinguished, both located in the municipality of Montemorelos in the center of the state, covering a total of 17.66 hectares. Density reaches 30 individuals per 100 square meters. The species grows in association with Pinus teocote, Quercus spp, Cornus florida, Carya sp. and Sambucus nigra. New leaves sprout in early March, and flower production starts in early May. Habitat shows little disturbance and no short-term threats were identified for these populations.

  1. Interferon Gamma-Based Detection of Latent Tuberculosis Infection in the Border States of Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, Mexico.

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    Oren, Eyal; Alatorre-Izaguirre, Gabriela; Vargas-Villarreal, Javier; Moreno-Treviño, Maria Guadalupe; Garcialuna-Martinez, Javier; Gonzalez-Salazar, Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Nearly one-third of the world's population is infected with latent tuberculosis (LTBI). Tuberculosis (TB) rates in the border states are higher than national rates in both the US and Mexico, with the border accounting for 30% of total registered TB cases in both countries. However, LTBI rates in the general population in Mexican border states are unknown. In this region, LTBI is diagnosed using the tuberculin skin test (TST). New methods of detection more specific than TST have been developed, although there is currently no gold standard for LTBI detection. Our objective is to demonstrate utility of the Quantiferon TB gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test compared with the TST to detect LTBI among border populations. This is an observational, cross-sectional study carried out in border areas of the states of Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, Mexico. Participants (n = 210) provided a TST and blood sample for the QFT-GIT. Kappa coefficients assessed the agreement between TST and QFT-GIT. Participant characteristics were compared using Fisher exact tests. Thirty-eight percent of participants were diagnosed with LTBI by QFT-GIT. The proportion of LTBI detected using QFT-GIT was almost double [38% (79/210)] that found by TST [19% (39/210)] (P < 0.001). Concordance between TST and QFT-GIT was low (kappa = 0.37). We recommend further studies utilizing the QFT-GIT test to detect LTBI among border populations.

  2. [Effects of reforestation on tree pollen sensitization in inhabitants of Nuevo Leon, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palma-Gómez, Samuel; González-Díaz, Sandra Nora; Arias-Cruz, Alfredo; Macías-Weinmann, Alejandra; Amaro-Vivian, Laura Elizabeth; Pérez-Vanzzini, Rafael; Gutiérrez-Mujica, José Julio; Yong-Rodríguez, Adrián

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: el cambio climático tiene consecuencias en la salud, el medio ambiente y la sociedad. Las áreas verdes urbanas son importantes en la planeación de las ciudades para promover la interacción de los ciudadanos con el ambiente y la salud. La falta de planeación y diseño de estas áreas y la mala selección de árboles han contribuido a aumentar la incidencia de alergia al polen entre la población. Con frecuencia los programas de reforestación ambiental no toman en cuenta el potencial alergénico de algunas especies. El gobierno de Nuevo León en los últimos cuatro años ha plantado cerca de 18 mil árboles de la especie Quercus, además de un número indeterminado de árboles de la especie Fraxinus, cuyo polen es alergénico. Objetivo: identificar el cambio en la sensibilización al polen de árboles de acuerdo con los programas de reforestación ambiental. Material y método: estudio restrospectivo y descriptivo en el que se analizaron las pruebas cutáneas positivas para polen de árboles de los últimos cuatro años, correlacionando entre la especie de árbol utilizada para la reforestación y el aumento de la sensibilidad a ésta. Resultados: se encontró un incremento estadísticamente significativo en la sensibilización al polen de las especies con las que se reforestó Nuevo León, además de disminución en la sensibilización a las especies con las que no se reforesta. Conclusiones: la reforestación contribuye, en cierta medida, al cambio en el patrón de la positividad de las pruebas cutáneas y puede traer como consecuencia exacerbaciones más frecuentes de enfermedades respiratorias. Es una actividad que debe ser regulada y asesorada siempre por expertos.

  3. Analysis of the Nuevo Leon Magnetic Anomaly and its possible relation to the Cerro Prieto magmatic-hydrothermal system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldstein, N.E.; Corrigan, D.J.; Wilt, M.J.

    1984-01-01

    The broad dipolar magnetic anomaly whose positive peak is centered near Ejido Nuevo Leon, some 5 km east of the Cerro Prieto I power plant, has long been suspected to have a genetic relationship to the thermal source of the Cerro Prieto geothermal system. This suspicion was reinforced after several deep geothermal wells, drilled to depths of 3-3.5 km over the anomaly, intersected an apparent dike-sill complex consisting mainly of diabase but with minor rhyodacite. A detailed fit of the observed magnetic field to a computer model indicates that the source may be approximated by a tabular block 4 x 6 km in area, 3.7 km in depth, 2.3 km thick, and dipping slightly to the north. Mafic dike chips from one well, NL-1, were analysed by means of electron microprobe analyses which showed them to contain a titanomagnetite that is paramagnetic at in situ temperature conditions. As the dike mineralogy does not account for the magnetic anomaly, the magnetic source is believed to be a deeper, magnetite-rich assemblage of peridotite-gabbro plutons. The suite of igneous rocks was probably emplaced at a shallow depth in response to crustal extension and thinning brought on by en echelon strike-slip faulting. The bottom of the magnetic source body, at an estimated depth of 6 km, is presumed to be at or near that of the Curie isotherm (575/sup 0/C) for magnetite, the principal ferromagnetic mineral in peridotiticgabbroic rocks. The geological model derived from the magnetic study is generally supported by other geophysical data. In particular, earthquake data suggest dike injection is occurring at depths of 6-11 km in an area beneath the magnetic source. Thus, it is possible that heat for the geothermal field is being maintained by continuing crustal extension and magmatic activity.

  4. Analysis of the Nuevo Leon magnetic anomaly and its possible relation to the Cerro Prieto magmatic-hydrothermal system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldstein, N.E.; Wilt, M.J.; Corrigan, D.J.

    1982-10-01

    The broad dipolar magnetic anomaly whose positive peak is centered near Ejido Nuevo Leon, some 5 km east of the Cerro Prieto I Power Plant, has long been suspected to have a genetic relationship to the thermal source of the Cerro Prieto geothermal system. This suspicion was reinforced after several deep geothermal wells, drilled to depths of 3 to 3.5 km over the anomaly, intersected an apparent dike-sill complex consisting mainly of diabase but with minor rhyodacite. A detailed fit of the observed magnetic field to a computer model indicates that the source may be approximated by a tabular block 4 by 6 km in area, 3.7 km in depth, 2.3 km thick, and dipping slightly to the north. Mafic dike chips from one well, NL-1, were analyzed by means of electron microprobe analyses which showed tham to contain a titanomagnetite that is paramagnetic at in-situ temperature conditions. As the dike mineralogy does not account for the magnetic anomaly, the magnetic source is believed to be a deeper, magnetite-rich assemblage of peridotite-gabbro plutons. the suite of igneous rocks was probably passively emplaced at a shallow depth in response to crustal extension and thinning brought on by strike-slip faulting. The bottom of the magnetic source body, at an estimated depth of 6 km, is presumed to be at or near that of the Curie isotherm (575/sup 0/C) for magnetite, the principal ferromagnetic mineral in peridotitic-gabbroic rocks. The geological model derived from the magnetic study is generally supported by other geophysical data. In particular, earthquake data suggest dike injection is occurring at depths of 6 to 11 km in an area beneath the magnetic source. Thus, it is possible that heat for the geothermal field is being maintained by continuing crustal extension and magmatic activity.

  5. Traffic related deaths in Nuevo Leon, Mexico: causes and associated factors Muertes relacionadas con accidentes viales en Nuevo León, México: causas y factores asociados

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Arreola-Rissa; Jesús Santos-Guzmán; Adol Esquivel-Guzmán; Mock, Charles N.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The effects of alcohol on mortality due to motor vehicle accidents was studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the first semester of 2003, a sample of 243 fatality victims of traffic-related accidents and their blood alcohol levels were analyzed in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The age-adjusted mortality rate for traffic accidents was 8.9/100000 pop. (13.2 for males and 3.21 for females, per 100000). Fatal accidents were more common in the Metropolitan Area (MA). RESULTS: Fataliti...

  6. Festival Santa Lucía 2012. Monterrey, México "Donde la cultura ilumina a Nuevo León"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Palacios Barra

    2015-03-01

    El Festival Santa Lucía inició sus actividades en el marco de las celebraciones del aniversario de la Fundación de Monterrey y del centenario del Gran Hotel Ancira, genuino ícono arquitectónico neoclásico de la ciudad, con el concierto de Angéle Dubeau, una de las más prominentes violinistas del mundo junto con su ensamble de cuerdas La Pietá, en la Explanada Santa Lucía. Dentro de la misma sección, se presentó "Pasión por la música", de Puerto Candelaria, que es el fundador de contradictorios ritmos como la cumbia underground y el jazz colombiano.

  7. Alimentos saludables: la percepción de los jóvenes adolescentes en Monterrey, Nuevo León

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    Elías Alvarado Lagunas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los resultados de la caracterización del consumo de alimentos saludables en Monterrey, obtenidos mediante la aplicación de una encuesta y un Análisis Factorial. Este último permite explicar las correlaciones entre las variables observadas, en términos de un número menor de variables no observadas llamadas factores. El objetivo fue conocer la percepción de los adolescentes sobre el riesgo a la salud que existe en torno a su alimentación cotidiana. Uno de los principales resultados de la investigación es que los adolescentes poseen una percepción poco clara de lo que sería una alimentación saludable.

  8. Fungal spores in four catholic churches in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Nuevo León State, Mexico – First study

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    Alejandra Rocha Estrada

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. About 500,000 species of fungi have been described to-date, although an estimated between 1 – 1.5 million species may occur. They have a wide distribution in nature, contributing to the decomposition of organic matter and playing a part in the biogeochemical cycles of major nutrients. A small number are considered pathogens of animals and plants. There is ample historical evidence that certain types of allergies are associated with fungi; exposure to fungal allergens occurs in both outdoor and indoor spaces. Many indoor allergens are the same as those found outside buildings, entering through windows and doors, ventilation systems, or through cracks or other fissures in the walls. Objective. To determine the diversity and abundance of fungal spores inside four churches in the metropolitan area of Monterrey city in Mexico. Materials and methods. The study was carried out from July 2009 – January 2010 using a Hirst type volumetric collector (Burkard Manufacturing Co Ltd. Results. A total of 31,629 spores from 54 taxa were registered in the four churches. The building that showed the highest amount of spores was the Santa Catarina Mártir Church with 12,766 spores, followed by Cristo Rey with 7,155 and Nuestra Señora del Roble with 6,887. Regularly high concentrations of spores were recorded from 14:00 – 20:00 hours. The highest concentration value was observed at the church of Santa Catarina Mártir at 16:00 hours with 1153 spores/m 3 air. Conclusions. The most abundant spores in the four churches studied corresponded to Cladosporium, the [i]Aspergillus/Penicillium complex[/i], [i]Coprinus[/i], [i]Ganoderma[/i], [i]Curvularia and Ustilago[/i].

  9. [Profile of sensitization to allergens in children with atopic dermatitis assisting to Allergology Service of University Hospital, Nuevo Leon, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yong-Rodríguez, Adrián; Macías-Weinmann, Alejandra; Palma-Gómez, Samuel; Arias-Cruz, Alfredo; Pérez-Vanzzini, Rafael; Gutiérrez-Mujica, José Julio; González-Díaz, Sandra Nora

    2015-01-01

    Antecedentes: la sensibilización a alergenos observada en la dermatitis atópica aumenta el riesgo del niño a padecer rinitis alérgica y asma. Los estudios recientes indican que entre mayor actividad de proteasas haya en los alergenos a los que se está sensibilizado, hay mayor defecto en la barrera cutánea y mayor gravedad de la enfermedad. Objetivos: conocer el patrón de sensibilización a los alergenos en niños con dermatitis atópica atendidos en el Servicio de Alergología del Hospital Universitario de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León y conocer si estos niños tienen mayor sensibilización a los antígenos con actividad proteolítica. Material y método: estudio retrospectivo en el que revisamos los reportes de las pruebas cutáneas por punción realizadas en nuestro servicio a niños de 5 meses a 16 años de edad, con diagnóstico de dermatitis atópica, de enero de 2012 a enero de 2014. Evaluamos la frecuencia de sensibilización a aeroalergenos y alimentos, así como el tamaño de la roncha en la respuesta cutánea para cada alergeno en particular. Resultados: se incluyeron los reportes de pruebas cutáneas de 66 niños, 30 hombres y 36 mujeres. Cuarenta y seis pacientes estaban sensibilizados a aeroalergenos y 38 a alimentos. Los ácaros del polvo de casa (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus/Dermatophagoides farinae) fueron los alergenos con mayor frecuencia de respuesta positiva en las pruebas cutáneas. De los niños con sensibilización a alimentos, sólo los niños sensibilizados a la leche de vaca, al huevo y al pescado tuvieron una roncha mayor de 6 mm de diámetro. CONCLUSIÓN: en los niños con dermatitis atópica es común la sensibilización a aeroalergenos con alta actividad de proteasas y la polisensibilización es muy común. La sensibilización a alimentos es común en estos pacientes, pero sólo un pequeño porcentaje de ellos muestra respuestas cutáneas lo suficientemente grandes para relacionarlas con gravedad de la enfermedad.

  10. Traffic related deaths in Nuevo Leon, Mexico: causes and associated factors Muertes relacionadas con accidentes viales en Nuevo León, México: causas y factores asociados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Arreola-Rissa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The effects of alcohol on mortality due to motor vehicle accidents was studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the first semester of 2003, a sample of 243 fatality victims of traffic-related accidents and their blood alcohol levels were analyzed in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The age-adjusted mortality rate for traffic accidents was 8.9/100000 pop. (13.2 for males and 3.21 for females, per 100000. Fatal accidents were more common in the Metropolitan Area (MA. RESULTS: Fatalities were four times greater in males and the mean age was 34.7±18.2 years. Blood alcohol was detected in almost half of the victims who were drivers of the vehicles; the other cases of fatalities may be associated with road/car condition, weather and other factors. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol intoxication levels were primarily associated with male drivers ages 16 to 45 (p=0.029; levels increased with age. In females, alcohol played a lesser role, affecting mostly ages 31 to 45 y (p=0.055.OBJETIVO:Durante seis meses de 2003 se estudió el efecto del alcohol en 243 víctimas fatales relacionadas con accidentes viales del estado de Nuevo León, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó autopsia en todos los casos y se determinó el nivel de alcohol en sangre. La tasa de mortalidad ajustada por edad para accidentes viales fue 8.9/100000 hab. (13.2 para hombres y 3.21 para mujeres, por 100000. Accidentes fatales fueron comunes en el Área Metropolitana. RESULTADOS: Las fatalidades fueron cuatro veces mayores en hombres y la edad promedio fue de 34.7±18.2 años. Se detectaron niveles de alcohol en sangre en casi la mitad de los conductores que fueron víctimas; los otros casos de fatalidad fueron asociados con las condiciones del camino, el auto, factores meteorológicos, entre otros. CONCLUSIONES: Los niveles de intoxicación alcohólica fueron básicamente con conductores masculinos, de 16-45 años (p=0.029, aumentando con la edad. Entre las mujeres, el alcohol jugó un

  11. Capacitación del personal de las Bibliotecas del ITESM-Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey en actividades de catalogación : propuesta de elaboración de un manual de autoaprendizaje para empleados de nuevo ingreso

    OpenAIRE

    Sanabria Barrios, Daniel J.

    2005-01-01

    The present work must like objective show the developed process to determine the construction of a self-training manual of the personnel of the new entrance for the cataloguing areas in the Libraries of ITESM, Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey, that at the moment is 7. The importance is demonstrated on the one hand less than of determining the needs of information for that type of personnel, being realized an investigation between personnel entered with 2 years of antiquity in the Libraries ab...

  12. Evaluation of microbial contamination of tomatoes and peppers at retail markets in Monterrey, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cárdenas, Carmen; Molina, Karina; Heredia, Norma; García, Santos

    2013-08-01

    The source of a large outbreak of foodborne disease related to Salmonella-contaminated jalapeño peppers has been traced to Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The objective of this work was to evaluate the microbiological quality of tomatoes and jalapeño peppers from markets and supermarkets from the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico. One hundred sixty samples (40 bola tomatoes, 40 saladette [Roma] tomatoes, 40 serrano peppers, and 40 jalapeño peppers) were purchased. Stems from peppers were removed and analyzed separately. Samples were analyzed for indicator organisms and Salmonella, following the Mexican Official Methods. The results showed that the presence of indicator organisms varied among samples and origins, and levels were relatively high in peppers (average 4.4 to 4.7 log CFU/g for total mesophilic, 3.25 to 3.73 log CFU/g for total coliforms, and 1.69 log CFU/g for fecal coliforms). Saladette tomatoes and serrano peppers showed the greatest microorganism levels (∼1 log CFU/g higher) in comparison with the other varieties. Pepper stems typically had indicator microbial levels ∼1 to 2 log CFU/g higher than levels in smooth flesh. Only one tomato and one jalapeño sample were positive for Salmonella. However, in the case of the pepper, the contamination was found in the stem. Although the microbiological quality of tomatoes and peppers sampled was similar to that found in markets from developed countries, the presence of pathogens causes a risk of infection for consumers.

  13. Analysis of the seasonal and inter-annual variations, and long-term trends of ozone in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yassmany Hernández Paniagua, Iván; Clemitshaw, Kevin C.; Mendoza, Alberto

    2016-04-01

    Since 1993, high-precision and high-frequency measurements of ambient O3 have been recorded at 5 sites within the metropolitan area of Monterrey, the third largest city in Mexico. O3was measured by the Integral Environmental Monitoring System of the Nuevo Leon State Government using commercially available, conventional UV photometry instrumentation (precision better than ±1 ppb). The datasets exhibit variations on differing time-scales of minutes to hours, with evidence of seasonal cycles and inter-annual variability. The O3 diurnal cycles vary with length of daylight, which influences its formation and loss via photochemistry. No apparent influence is observed in the amplitudes of O3 diurnal cycles recorded during weekdays with higher emissions from fossil fuel combustion than at weekends, although larger amplitudes occur at sites with polluted air from industrial areas. Seasonal cycles are driven by the variation in solar radiation and changes in emissions of primary precursors, VOCs and NOX. Maximum O3 mixing ratios were recorded in spring, and minimum values in winter, with a secondary trough during summer due to the advection of clean air masses from the Gulf of Mexico. The largest spring maxima are recorded downwind of an industrial area likely due photochemical processing of VOCs and NOx, with the lowest recorded in a highly populated area due to reaction of O3 and NO. At all sites, decreasing seasonal amplitudes were observed during 1993-1998, followed by persistent increases from 1998 to 2014. Wind sector analyses were carried out by splitting the wind direction into 8 categories (45°). At all sites, the highest O3 mixing ratios were recorded from the E and SE sectors, with lowest values recorded in air masses from the W and NW. Wind sector analysis of primary precursors (such as VOCs, CO, NOX) reveal that sources are dominated by emissions from industrial regions in Monterrey and surrounding areas. The largest annual growth rates for the E and SE

  14. Mexican-American Cooperative Program at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field: Analysis of the Nuevo Leon magnetic anomaly and its possible relation to the Cerro Prieto magmatic-hydrothermal system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, N. E.; Wilt, M. J.; Corrigan, D. J.

    1982-10-01

    The broad dipolar magnetic anomaly whose positive peak is centered near Ejido Nuevo Leon, some 5 km east of the Cerro Prieto I Power Plant, has long been suspended to have a genetic relationship to the thermal source of the Cerro Prieto geothermal system. This suspicion was reinforced after several deep geothermal wells, drilled to depths of 3 to 3.5 km over the anomaly, intersected an apparent dike-sill complex consisting mainly of diabase but with minor rhyodacite. A detailed fit of the observed magnetic field to a computer model indicates that the source may be approximated by a tabular block 4 by 6 km in area, 3.7 km in depth, 2.3 km thick, and dipping slightly to the north. Mafic dike chips from one well, NL-1, were analyzed by means of electron microprobe analyses which showed them to contain a titanomagnetite that is paramagnetic at in-situ temperature conditions. As the dike mineralogy does not account for the magnetic anomaly, the magnetic source is believed to be a deeper, magnetite-rich assemblage of periodotite-gabbro plutons.

  15. [Frequency of color blindness and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase enzyme deficiency in non-industrialized populations in the state of Nuevo León, México].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceda-Flores, R M; Arriaga-Ríos, G; Muñoz-Campos, J; Bautista-Peña, V A; Angeles Rojas-Alvarado, M; González-Quiróga, G; Leal-Garza, C H; Garza-Chapa, R

    1990-01-01

    In order to know if there would be genetic structural differences among non industrial and industrial populations, two genetic markers were studied: color-blindness (CPC) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD), in students, males and females that were resident in five non industrial populations in the State of Nuevo Leon. The results were compared with the information for industrial zone from the Monterrey Metropolitan area (AMM). It was found that the frequencies of CPC and G6PD in non industrial populations (2.57 and 0.00 per cent), were lower than the ones in the industrial AMM (4.0 and 0.66 per cent), probably as a result that in the first populations, with minor urbanization, the main factors that influence are: natural selection, interacial mixed or genetic drift and the second population is the immigration, since 1940 to present time, of Mexican populations with greater influence from the Indians and Africans.

  16. Self-esteem, perceived self-efficacy, consumption of tobacco and alcohol in secondary students from urban and rural areas of Monterrey, Nuevo León, México Autoestima, autoeficacia percibida, consumo de tabaco y alcohol en estudiantes de educación secundaria de área urbana y rural de Monterrey, Nuevo León, México Auto-estima, auto-eficácia percebida, consumo de tabaco e álcool entre estudantes do ensino fundamental, das áreas urbana e rural, de Monterrey, Nuevo León, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Martínez Maldonado

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to know the differences, if any, in the consumption of tobacco and alcohol among adolescents from urban and rural areas, and if self-esteem and self-efficacy are related to the consumption in these two groups of adolescents from secondary schools in urban and rural areas of Nuevo León México, from January to June in 2006. The study was based on the theoretical concepts of self-esteem, perceived self-efficacy and consumption of alcohol and tobacco. The design was descriptive and correlational with a sample of 359 students. A substantial difference was found in the consumption of tobacco among secondary students from urban and rural areas (U= 7513.50, p = .03. The average consumption in urban area was higher (average chi = .35 than in the rural area (average chi = .14. A negative and significant relation was found between the quantity of drinks consumed on a typical day and self-esteem (r s = - .23, p El propósito del estudio fue conocer si existen diferencias en el consumo de tabaco y alcohol en adolescentes del área urbana y rural y si la autoestima y la autoeficacia se relacionan con el consumo en estos dos grupos de adolescentes que estudian en la educación secundaria en el área urbana y rural de Nuevo León México, entre enero y junio de 2006. El estudio se realizó bajo los conceptos teóricos de autoestima, autoeficacia percibida y consumo de alcohol y tabaco. El diseño fue descriptivo y correlacional. La muestra fue de 359 estudiantes. Se encontró diferencia significativa de consumo de tabaco en estudiantes de secundaria urbana y rural (U= 7513.50, p=.03 siendo más alta la media de consumo en área urbana (media ji =.35 que en la rural (media ji =.14. Se encontró relación negativa y significativa de cantidad de bebidas consumidas en un día típico y la autoestima (r s=-.23, pO propósito deste estudo foi verificar diferenças no consumo de tabaco e álcool entre adolescentes das áreas urbana e rural, e se a

  17. Jefe de Catastro de Monterrey

    OpenAIRE

    No identificado

    2015-01-01

    Benjamín Peréz Jefe de Catastro de Monterrey; Ing. Frencisco Beltrán y Dr. Amado Fernández representantes de la Cámara Nacional de Comercio; Antonio García y Bruno W. Leal colaboradores de Jefe de Catastro. 1 Toma en 2 revelados

  18. Factores determinantes en la implementacion de manufactura esbelta utilizando la teoria del desarrollo psicosocial: caso aplicado en una empresa del sector acerero en Nuevo Leon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dante Cortez

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a case of the implementation of some lean manufacturing initiatives such as lean Kaizen events, improvement project, standardization, training center, "Stage Gate", ideas and suggestion, ISO 14000, ISO 17025 in a steel company in Nuevo León. This study used a diagnostic tool proposed by Hiroyuki Hirano to determine the degree of maturity of the initiative of continuous improvement, and compare against the steps suggested by the main authors in this issue. The above determine the main steps and factors of success and crises and barriers that were presented. Also, we propose an adaptation of the model proposed by Erik Erikson to organism principle, which takes into account at every stage life cycle.

  19. Factores clave para el proceso de gestion de la innovacion para el desarrollo de nuevos productos en el sector PyMEs, caso de estudio la industria de tecnologias de la informacion en Nuevo Leon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Enrique Lopez Treviño

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyze the key factors for managing the product innovation process, from existing models over time. Different proposals are presented by different authors who have studied this phenomenon, and as a result of these have conceptualized the knowledge in different models of innovation, so this work focuses on meeting certain elements in a new model including a new variable was not been considered in previous models (Organizational Creativity. This study was focused on SMEs and their importance in the economy of any country. The analysis of results and findings are presented from a study of 53 samples to the industry of information technology in Nuevo León, México.

  20. Detección molecular del virus de la hepatitis E en hígados de cerdo destinados al consumo humano en el estado de Nuevo León, México Molecular detection of hepatitis E virus in pig livers destined for human consumption in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Cantú-Martínez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Detección molecular del virus de la hepatitis E (VHE en hígado de cerdo para consumo humano en Nuevo León, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS Se analizaron 127 hígados de cerdo (87 obtenidos de rastros TIF, y 40 de carnicerías mediante RT-PCR semianidado para amplificar un fragmento de 212 pb del gen ORF2 del VHE. RESULTADOS: El 19.5% (17 de los hígados de rastros y 22.5% (9 de carnicerías fueron positivos. La secuenciación mostró 94-95% de homología con el genotipo 3. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados indican que el VHE circula en granjas porcinas del estado, lo que constituye una probable fuente de contaminación para los productos cárnicos porcinos.OBJECTIVE: Molecular detection of HEV in pig livers destined for human consumption in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 87 livers were collected from pigs slaughtered in TIF and 40 livers from butchers. A 212 pb fragment of HEV ORF2 gene was amplified by semi-nested RT-PCR. RESULTS: 19.54% (17 of tif's and 22.5% (9 of buthcer's livers were positive for HEV. Sequencing of the amplified products showed a 94%-95% homology with the sequences reported for genotype 3. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that HEV is circulating in swine herds in the state, constituting a probable source of contamination of pig meat products.

  1. Los Plagiolophinae (Remy, 1976 nuevo rango (Perissodactyla, Mammalia del Eoceno de la Cuenca del Duero (Castilla y Leon, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuesta Ruiz-Colmenares, M. A.

    1994-08-01

    Full Text Available The systematic study of the Plagiolophinae (Remy, 1976 nov. rank (Perissodactyla, Mammalia from the Eocene of the Duero Basin (Castilla y León, Spain has permitted the identification of two new species: Plagiolophus casasecaensis nov. sp. of the Casaseca site (middle Eocene, MP 13-14, Zamora province that is a very primitive species; and Plagiolophus mazateronensis nov. sp. of the Mazaterón (middle-upper Eocene, MP 16-17, Almazán subbasin, Soria province and Caenes sites (middle Eocene, MP 16, Salamanca province which are described by a special combination of primitive and derivative characteristics unknown in other species of the genus. Other forms poorly documented and attributable to genus Plagiolophus occur in Jambrina and El Viso-Sanzoles (MP 13-14, Zamora province, San Morales (MP 16, Salamanca province, Deza (upper Eocene, Soria province, Molino del Pico (upper Eocene-Oligocene, Zamora province, and Mazaterón. The genus Leptolophus that has been determined in Mazaterón, had only been known before in sorne French localities. This Plagiolophinae assemblage is clearly biogeographically different from the already known findings in occidental Europe and subpirenaic area.El estudio de los Plagiolophinae (Remy, 1976 nuevo rango (Perissodactyla, Mammalia del Eoceno de la Cuenca del Duero (Castilla y León, España ha permitido identificar dos nuevas especies: Plagiolophus casasecaensis nov. sp. del yacimiento de Casaseca (Eoceno medio, parte media, MP 13-14, provincia de Zamora caracterizada por un marcado primitivismo, y Plagiolophus mazateronensis nov. sp., del yacimiento de Mazaterón (Eoceno medio-superior, MP 16-17, subcuenca de Almazán, provincia de Soria y de Caenes (Eoceno medio, parte superior, MP 16, provincia de Salamanca, caracterizada por una peculiar combinación de caracteres primitivos y evolucionados, desconocida en el resto de especies del género. Otras formas escasamente documentadas atribuibles al género Plagiolophus

  2. Metropolitana de Monterrey, México (parte A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Sánchez Crispín

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como objetivo central revelar la estructura territorial de la actividad turística contemporánea en la capital del estado de Nuevo León, ciudad cuya dinámica económica ha estado siempre ligada a la expansión constante de la industria y los servicios. Este proceso ha traído consigo, en forma no intencional, la existencia de una infraestructura que ha favorecido el crecimiento del turismo. Hay cuatro secciones básicas en el trabajo: a la referente al lugar que Monterrey ocupa en la jerarquía turística de México; b la parte más extensa del escrito explica la base natural y cultural sobre la que se ha promovido la actividad turística en los últimos años; c la que contiene los resultados de la encuesta a partir de los cuales se revelan los rasgos territoriales notables del turismo regiomontano, y d la parte final expone algunas ideas concluyentes que apuntan a predecir un crecimiento del turismo en Monterrey, en el futuro mediato.

  3. Evaluation of chloride mass balance of pore water as an indicator of groundwater recharge to the Monterrey Metropolitan Area, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosales-Lagarde, Laura; Pasten, Ernesto; Mora, Abrahan; Mahlknecht, Jürgen

    2016-04-01

    Monterrey Metropolitan Area in Nuevo Leon, Mexico, is the third largest metropolitan area and one of the most important industrial sites of Mexico. Groundwater constitutes 40% of the water supply to this urban area. This supply is under constant stress due to the population increase. The unsaturated zone at six sites along two cross-sections was characterized to evaluate the potential of chloride concentration as an indicator of recharge. The selected sites include the range of topographic elevations, vegetation, and annual precipitation of the study area. In each site, boreholes up to 5 m deep were drilled and soil was sampled every 0.5 m. The grain size of each soil sample was determined and pore water extracted to determine the water content percentage, and the chloride, sulfate and nitrate concentration of the pore water. The undersaturated zone consists of alluvial deposits with an average gravel and sand content greater than 60% for all but one of the sampling sites. The pore water content varies from 0.4 to 25% by weight with a decreasing trend as depth increases in areas with agriculture. Sulfate has the highest anion concentration in the pore waters, ranging from 42 to 45,000 mg/L and no apparent distribution pattern along the soil profile columns. Chloride concentration ranges from 8 to 3600 mg/L with an increase in concentration below 1.5 m depth in all the profiles. Chloride and sulfate concentrations with depth are directly correlated suggesting a common input, possibly dissolution-precipitation of evaporite minerals from nearby outcrops or an anthropogenic input. Hence, it is unlikely that chloride behaves as a conservative ion. As a result, its concentration is not likely to be a good indicator of groundwater recharge. Finally; the nitrate concentration ranges from 2 to 96 mg/L nitrate, without a clear pattern along the soil profiles. Low concentration of nitrate in the soil profiles below agricultural areas may suggest denitrification as suggested

  4. SEAT Leon Cupra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    西亚特Leon Cupra是目前西亚特品牌中最强劲的代表之一,它是在结合了车主的诸多需求之后改进而成.动力性和操控性都更上一层楼,是西亚特Leon系列中的顶级车型。在2007年开春的时候。07款Leon Cupra就会出现在英国经销商的展示台上.其市场价格为19.595英镑.而实际上英国也已经成为Leon Cupra最大的销售市场。

  5. DETERMINANTES DE LA DEMANDA POR TRANSPORTE PÚBLICO Y PRIVADO EN EL ÁREA METROPOLITANA DE MONTERREY

    OpenAIRE

    Galán González, José Raymundo.

    2005-01-01

    Este artículo muestra los determinantes en la demanda por transporte público y privado para el caso de Monterrey y su área metropolitana; para ello se estima un modelo de posesión de coches y otro de elección modal; y a partir de éstos se crean posibles escenarios que permitan ver cuáles serían las políticas de transporte que pudieran incrementar en diez puntos porcentuales el uso del transporte público, uno de los objetivos establecidos por la Subsecretaría de Transporte de Nuevo León. ...

  6. Spatial Dependence of Crime in Monterrey, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Aguayo Téllez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the impact that the characteristics of the environment have on crime using neighborhood aggregate data of the Monterrey Metropolitan Area for the year 2010. Data spatial autocorrelation is corroborated, i.e. neighborhoods with high crime rates have a positive impact on the crime rates of its surrounding neighborhoods. Once it was controlled through the bias caused by spatial autocorrelation and data censoring, it is evidenced that the likelihood of being a crime victim and the probability of becoming an offender is positively related to variables such as unemployment, the percentage of young men and the existence of schools, hospitals or markets in the neighborhood.

  7. Estructura territorial del turismo en la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Sánchez Crispin

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como objetivo central revelar la estructura territorial de la actividad turística contemporánea en la capital del estado de Nuevo León, ciudad cuya dinámica económica ha estado siempre ligada a la expansión constante de la industria y los servicios. Este proceso ha traído consigo, en forma no intencional, la existencia de una infraestructura que ha favorecido el crecimiento del turismo. Hay cuatro secciones básicas en el trabajo: a la referente al lugar que Monterrey ocupa en la jerarquía turística de México; b la parte más extensa del escrito explica la base natural y cultural sobre la que se ha promovido la actividad turística en los últimos años; c la que contiene los resultados de la encuesta a partir de los cuales se revelan los rasgos territoriales notables del turismo regiomontano, y d la parte final expone algunas ideas concluyentes que apuntan a predecir un crecimiento del turismo en Monterrey, en el futuro mediato.

  8. Flora cactológica y especies asociadas en el área natural protegida Sierra Corral de los Bandidos, Nuevo León, México Cactus list and asociated plants of the protected natural area Sierra Corral de Los Bandidos, Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pilar Carmona-Lara

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El área natural protegida (ANP Sierra Corral de los Bandidos ubicada en la sierra Madre Oriental, al noroeste de Monterrey, sufre el impacto de actividades antropológicas asociadas al matorral submontano (ganadería, agricultura, colecta y urbanismo, disminuyendo sus recursos naturales y amenazando sus especies endémicas, principalmente cactáceas. El propósito del estudio fue conocer la diversidad de cactáceas y especies asociadas en zonas de amortiguamiento y núcleo. Para ello se determinaron índices de riqueza y similitud utilizando un muestreo estratificado con cuadrantes a lo largo de transectos orientados por gradientes altitudinales según su zonificación. En total se registraron 112 taxa (30 cactáceas, 87 (24 cactáceas en zona de amortiguamiento y 80 (19 cactáceas en zona núcleo. Por su densidad, frecuencia y abundancia sobresalieron Echinocereus stramineus (Engelm. Engelm. ex F. Seitz, Cylindropuntia leptocaulis F. M. Knuth in Backeb et F. M. Knuth, Mammillaria melanocentra Poselg., Neolloydia conoidea (DC Britton et Rose, (Cactaceae; Erioneuron avenaceum (H. B et K. Tateoka, (Poaceae; Viguiera stenoloba S. F. Blake; Zexmenia hispida (Kunth A. Gray, (Asteraceae y Agave lechuguilla Torr, (Agavaceae. Existe diferencia significativa entre las poblaciones de cactus de las zonas del ANP, según Jacquard (13%, Sörensen (38% y Morisita (0.44. Ocho cactáceas (7 endémicas están registradas en algún estatus de la NOM-ECOL-059, 2001.The Sierra Corral de los Bandidos is a natural protected area located in the Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range northwest of Monterrey city. This preserve suffers the impact of human activities in the form of cattle ranching, agriculture, harvest of wild plants, and urbanism, diminishing its natural resources and threatening its endemic species, especially from the cactaceae family. The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the diversity of cacti and associated species in the buffer and

  9. Caracterización de las personas con pie diabético. Monterrey, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez-Valverde, Juana Mercedes; Gallegos-García, Amelia; Guevara-Valtier, Milton Carlos; Vega-Grimaldo, Miguel Ángel; Santos-Flores, Jesús Melchor; Paz-Morales, María de los Ángeles

    2016-01-01

    Objetivos: identificar las características personales, familiares, clínicas y socio económicos de las personas con pie diabético, que estuvieron hospitalizadas en una institución de salud de tercer nivel en Monterrey, Nuevo León durante el año 2009 y 2010. Material y Métodos: fue un estudio descriptivo. La unidad de análisis fueron 275 expedientes clínicos de pacientes con DT2 con diagnóstico de pie diabético. Resultados: el 66,9% de los expedientes correspondieron al género masculino y el 33...

  10. Consumo de drogas y violencia laboral en mujeres trabajadoras de Monterrey, N. L., México

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    El propósito de este estudio fue explorar el consumo de drogas y violencia laboral en una muestra de 669 mujeres mayores de edad, que trabajaban y vivían en trece Áreas Geoestadísticas Básicas de Monterrey, Nuevo León, México. Se adoptó un diseño descriptivo y correlacional con aproximación cualitativa. Los resultados revelaron que el 37.1% de las mujeres consumió alcohol, el 29.1% tabaco, el 0.4% marihuana, el 0.1% inhalables y, entre las drogas médicas, el 5% consumió tranquilizantes y el 1...

  11. Estudio de enriquecimiento nutricional de dos especies de Leones marinos (Otaria flavescens y Zalophus californianus) en Aquanatura (Benidorm)

    OpenAIRE

    Llorens García, Inés

    2016-01-01

    El enriquecimiento ambiental es un método de reducir el estrés y los comportamientos inadecuados de animales en cautiverio, ayudando a su vez a aumentar el bienestar de estos. En este trabajo se pretende realizar un estudio de enriquecimiento nutricional de dos leones marinos de California (Zalophus Californianus) y dos leones marinos de la Patagonia (Otaria flavescens). Así, se ha estudiado el comportamiento de los cuatro individuos sobre un dispensador de alimento nuevo para ellos, midiendo...

  12. Area Handbook for Sierra Leone,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    During its fifteen years of independence since 1961, Sierra Leone has had some difficulty in maintaining political stability and in generating...performance has been comparatively weak. By the mid-1970s, however, there were indications that it might improve. The Area Handbook for Sierra Leone

  13. Puente Willow Creek en Monterrey, California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1965-09-01

    Full Text Available Of the 10 awards given every year by the Prestressed Concrete Institute for the most outstanding prestressed concrete projects, two have been awarded in California this year, one of them to the Willow Creek bridge, near Monterrey. The prestressed, double T girders of this bridge were made at a workshop, a great distance from the bridge site. These are 24 m long, 1.35 m high, and are stabilized by transversal diaphragms, 20 cm in thickness. The table deck is of reinforced concrete, being 8.85 m wide and 20 cm thick. The structure is straightforward, slender, and adapts itself pleasantly to the background. It has seven spans and crosses over a secondary road, in addition to bridging the Willow stream. The supporting piles are hollow, of rectangular cross section, and over them a cross beam carries the five girders and the deck itself. The end abutments consist of vertical reinforced concrete walls, and supporting, soil filled, structures. The above information was supplied by the California Road Department.De los diez premios que anualmente concede el Prestressed Concrete Institute para las obras de hormigón pretensado más notables, dos han correspondido a California y uno de ellos al puente de Willow Creek, situado en la región de Monterrey. Las vigas de hormigón pretensado, con sección en forma de doble T, se prefabricaron en un taller situado a gran distancia del puente. Tienen 24 m de longitud y 1,35 m de canto, estando arriostradas con diafragmas transversales de 20 cm de espesor. La losa del tablero, de hormigón armado, tiene 8,85 m de anchura y 20 cm de espesor. La estructura es sencilla, esbelta y armoniza perfectamente con el paisaje que la circunda. Tiene siete tramos y salva un paso inferior secundario y el arroyo Willow. Los soportes, se apoyan sobre pilotes, algunos de gran altura; son huecos, de sección rectangular y terminan en una cruceta que sirve de sostén a las cinco vigas que soportan la losa del tablero. Los estribos

  14. National Biocontainment Training Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    Betancourt from University of Miami, Cesar Esquivel from Universidad de Monterrey - UDEM, Mexico, and from Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon - UANL...Trainees from University of Miami, Universidad de Monterrey - UDEM, Mexico, and Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon - UANL, Mexico trained at the...and software that accurately measures actual inhaled volumes in non-human primates is being tested and will be implemented in the aerosol biology

  15. Cryptococcus spp. isolation from excreta of pigeons (Columba livia) in and around Monterrey, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canónico-González, Yolanda; Adame-Rodríguez, Juan Manuel; Mercado-Hernández, Roberto; Aréchiga-Carvajal, Elva Teresa

    2013-01-01

    The presence of Cryptococcus spp. has been reported in Mexico's capital city; however, to our knowledge there are no reports of its presence in the state of Nuevo León located in northeast Mexico. This is presumed to be because the hot and dry climate in this region does not favor cryptococcal proliferation. This study confirmed the presence of C. neoformans and C. albidus in 20% (10/50) of randomly selected fecal samples of pigeons (Columba livia) in the Monterrey metropolitan area. The presence of this yeast in the state of Nuevo León is proof of its adaptation to the typically hot climate of the area and is consistent with recent reviews of cryptococcosis cases in several local hospitals. The two species were identified and characterized through microbiological tests and molecular identification by DNA extraction and PCR amplification of highly conserved 18S ribosomal DNA using ITS1 and ITS2 as target regions. The PCR products were sequenced and compared with those reported in GenBank.

  16. Atmospheric pollen count in Monterrey, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Díaz, Sandra N; Rodríguez-Ortiz, Pablo G; Arias-Cruz, Alfredo; Macías-Weinmann, Alejandra; Cid-Guerrero, Dagoberto; Sedo-Mejia, Giovanni A

    2010-01-01

    There are few reports of pollen count and identification in Mexico; therefore, it is important to generate more information on the subject. This study was designed to describe the prevalence of pollen in the city of Monterrey, Mexico, during the year 2004. Atmospheric pollen was collected with a Hirst air sampler, with an airflow of 10 L/minute during 2004. Pollen was identified with light microscopy; the average monthly pollen count as well as total was calculated from January 2004 to January 2005. The months with the highest concentration of pollen were February and March (289 and 142 grains/m(3) per day, respectively), and July and November had the lowest concentration (20 and 11 grains/m(3) per day, respectively). Most of the pollen recollected corresponded to tree pollen (72%). Fraxinus spp had the highest concentration during the year (19 grains/m(3) per day; 27.5% of the total concentration of pollen). Tree pollen predominated from January through March; with Fraxinus spp, Morus spp, Celtis spp, Cupressus spp, and Pinus spp as the most important. Weed pollen predominated in May, June, and December and the most frequently identified, were Amaranthaceae/Chenopodiaceae, Ambrosia spp, and Parietaria spp. The highest concentration of grass pollen was reported during the months of May, June, September, October, and December with Gramineae/Poaceae predominating. Tree pollen was the most abundant during the year, with the ash tree having the highest concentration. Weed and grass pollen were perennial with peaks during the year.

  17. 西雅特LEON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    西雅特中国在深圳举行西雅特LEON上市嘉年华,宣布西雅特进口到中国市场上的第一款产品上市。LEON的高性能车款,LEON CUPRA,LEON FR+,LEON FR将以进口形式销售,主攻进口高性能A级车市场。其中,LEON CUPRA目标消费者大部分将是拥有5-8年工作经验的“80后”,他们普遍接受过高等教育,他们懂得享受生活,善于使用理财工具。与此同时,

  18. African Journals Online: Sierra Leone

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research publishes papers in all fields of ... and Allied Health Sciences including Basic Medical Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Dental Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Biomedical Engineering, Molecular ...

  19. Creation of the new Open Access journal: "Library and Information Science Critique: Journal of the Sciences of Information Recorded in Documents"

    OpenAIRE

    Muela-Meza, Zapopan Martín; Torres-Reyes, José Antonio

    2008-01-01

    This document explains the creation of the new Open Access journal: "Library and Information Science Critique: Journal of the Sciences of Information Recorded in Documents," and it also include guidelines for authors' contributions. The journal has been created at the Research Centre in Information Recorded in Documents at the School of Philosophy and Letters at the Nuevo Leon Autonomous University, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

  20. Entrepreneurs’ Responses to Illegitimate Institutional Pressures in Monterrey, Mexico

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramirez, Jacobo

    2014-01-01

    The mass media can play an important role in capturing the dynamic between social groups and the institutional environment. To investigate entrepreneurs’ responses to the impact of organized crime and violence on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Monterrey, Mexico, a deductive Content...

  1. Significance of the mass media in mid-higher education and university indigenous students inmigrated to Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio Doncel de la Colina

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The recent but intense flow of indigenous migrants to the Mexican border state of Nuevo León has made this region the primary recipient of Mexico's indigenous migrant population. Based on the hypothesis that the entry of indigenous youth into high-school and university education has a marked effect on the transformation of their ethnic identity, we examine the uses that these indigenous students have for certain mass media and the meanings that they award to such media. Using a qualitative method and in-depth interviews, we analyze how the different uses and meanings of film, television, and radio symbolize the process of identity transition for these youth who have migrated to Monterrey. Similarly, we identify how the "level of education" and "ethnic group" variables have a significant explanatory weight in interpreting these identity-construction processes.

  2. Monterrey, La Ciudad Dorada/Monterrey, The Golden City. Curriculum Projects. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program, 2002 (Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintyne, Susan

    This curriculum project is designed for high school classes in Spanish, social studies, or global studies. The project's lesson plan lists materials needed; poses seven key questions about Mexico and Monterrey; outlines background notes on Mexico; and provides a detailed, step-by-step procedure for classroom implementation during three days. Also…

  3. [The process of metropolizing Monterrey: there must be a long-term plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garza, G

    1994-01-01

    Monterrey achieved metropolitan status in the 1950s, when it expanded toward the municipios of Guadalupe and San Nicolas de los Garza. 93.6% of the total metropolitan population at that time lived in the municipio of Monterrey. Between 1950 and 1960 metropolitan Monterrey grew at an annual rate of 6.7% and the population nearly doubled. In the 1960s three other municipios were added to the metropolitan area, for a total of seven, and the share of the population living in the municipio of Monterrey dropped to 68.3%. From 1970 to 1980, metropolitan Monterrey's annual growth rate declined to 4.6%, and only one municipio was added. The municipio of Monterrey had a growth rate of 2.2%, while the surrounding municipios had rates several times higher. The process of metropolitanization decelerated considerably between 1980 and 1990, with an annual growth rate of 2.5% for the metropolitan region, the lowest since 1910-21. The municipio of Monterrey had a negative growth of -0.2% in the 1980s. Industrialization was the main determinant of metropolitan growth in Monterrey. Industrial growth was most rapid between 1950 and 1970, when 10.4% of national industry was located in Monterrey. Monterrey was seriously affected by the economic crisis of the 1980s, suffering a decline of 1.1% annually and a reduction of its share of national industry to 8.8% by 1988. If the economic recuperation of 1988-92 continues, Monterrey is projected to increase by 75% in population and 60% in urban area in the next 20 years, implying the need for tremendous infrastructural construction. Longterm planning must be carried out to minimize the problems of growth and size in Monterrey and to assure an adequate economic foundation for the metropolis.

  4. Structural change and occupational attainment in Monterrey, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Patricio Solis; Billari, Francesco C.

    2002-01-01

    Latin American societies have experienced profound economic transformations in recent years. Yet, little is known about the effects of these transformations on occupational attainment and mobility. We study these effects in Monterrey, the third largest city of Mexico. We analyze two stages of men’s process of occupational attainment: the entry into the labor force and subsequent job shifts. Despite short-term negative effects in the 1980s, Monterrey’s labor market upgrading has continued, fac...

  5. Propuesta de un nuevo Codigo de etica para los servidores publicos del Estado de Nuevo Leon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimenez, E.

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The global society of the XXI century has a crisis of values. The only important thing is the money. This is serious and dramatic when this crisis is presented in the public service because it interests to the whole society that needs a program of values that it serves from foundation to government's action. This program of values is a Code of Ethics in the public Administration that here intends.

  6. CPAFFC Delegation Visits Sierra Leone and Cameroon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Sierra Leone-China Friendship Association (SLCFA) and the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization of Cameroon, a 14-member CPAFFC delegation headed by Wang Daoyu, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the Shandong Provincial People’s Congress, paid a goodwill visit to Sierra Leone and Cameroon in early December 2005. In Sierra Leone Vice President Solomon Ekuma Berewa, President of the Parliament Edmond Cowan, and Vice Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamara, and in

  7. [Prevalence of overweight and obesity in children from Monterrey, Nuevo León].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Herrera, Ricardo Jorge; Mathiew-Quirós, Álvaro; Díaz-Sánchez, Oscar; Reyes-Treviño, Norma Orelia; Álvarez-Álvarez, Criselda; Villanueva-Montemayor, Daniel; de la Garza-Salinas, Laura Hermila; González-Guajardo, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCCIÓN: la obesidad infantil es un problema de salud pública mundial y se ha incrementado en forma alarmante en las últimas décadas hasta en 30 % en el 2010. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en niños de cero a 14 años de tres unidades de medicina familiar (UMF). MÉTODOS: estudio prospectivo, de prevalencia, que incluyó a niños de ambos sexos que acudieron a tres UMF y una escuela primaria. Se evaluó la somatometría y se comparó de acuerdo con estándares y referencias de crecimiento de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) 2006-2007.

  8. Determinación de Oportunidades de Outsourcing de Tecnologías de Información en las PYMES de Monterrey-Edición Única

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    La ciudad de Monterrey es conocida por su industria manufacturera la cual es muy competitiva en el ámbito global. Por su naturaleza esta industria causa diversos trastornos a la ciudad.Una opción viable para continuar con el auge económico de la ciudad consiste en buscar el desarrollo de industrias alternas que provoquen menos daños urbanos y ecológicos. Una industria que puede llenar estas expectativas es la industria de tecnologías de información. El outsourcing significa encontrar nuevos p...

  9. My Great Migration from Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvard Educational Review, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the author's personal narrative as an immigrant from Sierra Leone who has undergone so many challenges in life and ended up turning all these obstacles into opportunities. In this article, the author describes his life growing up in Sierra Leone, his first experience of the horrors of war, his life as a student, and his dream…

  10. Reading Comprehension Instruction Practices in Sierra Leone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hersbach, S.; Denessen, E.J.P.G.; Droop, W.

    2014-01-01

    Aim: In this study an attempt was made to give insight in the way reading comprehension is taught in Sierra Leone. Attention was paid to the didactical strategies and the materials used during reading comprehension instruction. Methodology: Primary school teachers in Sierra Leone (N=43) were observe

  11. Reading Comprehension Instruction Practices in Sierra Leone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hersbach, S.; Denessen, E.J.P.G.; Droop, W.

    2014-01-01

    Aim: In this study an attempt was made to give insight in the way reading comprehension is taught in Sierra Leone. Attention was paid to the didactical strategies and the materials used during reading comprehension instruction. Methodology: Primary school teachers in Sierra Leone (N=43) were

  12. Los sindicatos blancos de Monterrey (1931-2009)

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Ángel Ramírez Sánchez

    2011-01-01

    Los sindicatos blancos son el equivalente mexicano a los sindicatos amarillos de Francia y España y a los planes de representación del empleado de Estados Unidos y Canadá. De ellos se dice que son organismos obreros sometidos a la voluntad de los patrones, que los crean y dirigen. En México, esta clase de sindicatos eran hasta hace poco un fenómeno regional, restringido a la ciudad de Monterrey, donde han tenido su mayor desarrollo. Sin embargo, coincidiendo con la crisis y reorganización del...

  13. Book Review Emulation real estate values ​​and territorial dynamics / Reseña del libro Emulación del valor inmobiliario y dinámica territorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Benito Narváez Tijerina

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Reseña del libro: "Emulación del valor inmobiliario y dinámica territorial", de Jesús Manuel Fitch Osuna, Monterrey, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León-UPC, 2010. Book Review: "Emulation real estate values ​​and territorial dynamics," Jesus Manuel Fitch Osuna, Monterrey, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon-UPC, 2010.

  14. Consumo de drogas y violencia laboral en mujeres trabajadoras de Monterrey, N. L., México Consumo de drogas e violência ocupacional em mulheres trabalhadoras de Monterrey, N. L. México Drug consumption and occupational violence in working women of Monterrey, N. L., Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Magdalena Alonso Castillo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio fue explorar el consumo de drogas y violencia laboral en una muestra de 669 mujeres mayores de edad, que trabajaban y vivían en trece Áreas Geoestadísticas Básicas de Monterrey, Nuevo León, México. Se adoptó un diseño descriptivo y correlacional con aproximación cualitativa. Los resultados revelaron que el 37.1% de las mujeres consumió alcohol, el 29.1% tabaco, el 0.4% marihuana, el 0.1% inhalables y, entre las drogas médicas, el 5% consumió tranquilizantes y el 1.0% otras sustancias (barbitúricos, antidepresivos, Tylenol/codeína. La prueba chi-cuadrada no encontró diferencia significativa de los factores sociodemográficos y laborales con el consumo de drogas (p>.05, a excepción de la forma de trabajo (c2=18.08, gl=4, p=.001. Sin embargo, el índice de violencia mostró asociación positiva con el consumo de drogas (pO propósito do estudo foi explorar o consumo de drogas e violência ocupacional em uma amostra de 669 mulheres maiores de idade, que trabalham e moram em treze Áreas Geo-Estatísticas Básicas de Monterrey, Nuevo León, México. Foi adotado um desenho descritivo e correlacional com abordagem qualitativa. Resultados revelaram que 37,1% das mulheres consumiram álcool, 29,1% tabaco, 0.4% maconha, 0,1% inaláveis e, entre as drogas médicas, 5% consumiu tranqüilizantes e 1,0% outras sustâncias (barbitúricos, antidepressivos, Tylenol/Codeína. O teste qui-quadrado não encontrou diferença significativa dos fatores sócio-demográficos e ocupacionais com o consumo de drogas (p>.05, exceto com a forma de trabalho (c²=18.08, gl=4, p=.001. No entanto, o índice de violência mostrou associação positiva com o consumo de drogas (pThe purpose of this study was to explore drug consumption and occupational violence in a sample of 669 adult women, working and living in 13 basic geostatistical areas of Monterrey, Nuevo León, México, using a descriptive correlational design with a

  15. The death of Leon Trotsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto-Pérez-de-Celis, Enrique

    2010-08-01

    Leon Trotsky was one of the founders of the Soviet Union and an obvious candidate to replace Lenin after his death. Unfortunately for him, it was Joseph Stalin who came to power, and Trotsky went into a long forced exile that eventually took him to Mexico, where he found asylum. On August 20, 1940, a Stalinist agent wounded Trotsky in the head with an ice axe in his house in Coyoacán, Mexico. Just a few hours later, Mexican neurosurgeons operated on him at the Cruz Verde Hospital in Mexico City. The axe had broken Trotsky's parietal bone and, after tearing the meninges, had damaged the encephalon. Despite the care provided by physicians and nurses, Trotsky passed away 25 hours after he was attacked, a victim of bleeding and shock. This article presents a review of Trotsky's last day, with special emphasis on the doctors who performed the surgery and who took care of the Russian revolutionary in his final moments. The results of Trotsky's autopsy are also discussed. The assassination of Leon Trotsky is one of the most dramatic events of the first half of the 20th century to have taken place on Mexican soil, and those final hours are an important moment in the history of Mexican neurosurgery and in the history of the world.

  16. 76 FR 58772 - Safety & Security Trade Mission; Mexico City and Monterrey, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-22

    ... trade media, direct mail, industry trade associations and other multiplier groups, and publicity at... International Trade Administration Safety & Security Trade Mission; Mexico City and Monterrey, Mexico AGENCY: International Trade Administration. ACTION: Notice. Mission Description The United States Department of Commerce...

  17. Cholera epidemic threatens Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, O

    1995-07-08

    Sierra Leone faces the threat of a major epidemic of cholera with the onset of the rainy season, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The situation is particularly grave for the two million people displaced by the country's civil war. Already 1709 cases of cholera have been registered in Freetown, with 57 deaths. Freetown's population has doubled since the start of the war in 1991 with 750,000 refugees camping out in the town. The insurgent Revolutionary United Front is now within 32 km of the capital. Provinces are cut off from the capital, medical supplies are scarce. Doctors and aid workers are forced to rely on a private helicopter service for personal transport. As many as 10,000 people were affected by the disease last year. WHO experts predict that pneumonia is likely to claim the lives of many children, and a highly drug resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum malaria is also looming. The greatest problems are the lack of safe drinking water and the attendant risks of cholera and dysentery. At one site in Freetown the 6000 refugees have to fetch water from a well and have no latrines. As a result there have been 277 cases of cholera and 2 deaths already among that group. The health department has set up five centers to treat cholera in Freetown and is organizing mobile clinics. WHO's Sierra Leone office is assisting the government mobile health teams, which provide free primary care to displaced people. Medicines and vaccines, however, are lacking. Many of the staff of the 13 district health authorities have been displaced to Freetown. Aid agencies such as Medecins Sans Frontieres and Oxfam have stepped into the role in many districts. Ironically, one of the Revolutionary United Front's main demands is for a free national health service.

  18. Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MHRL

    (A publication of the College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, University of Sierra Leone). Original Article ... aspects and advocated better training of ..... 2000). Their career choice ... care and its determinants in north-central Nigeria.

  19. Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research publishes papers in all fields of ... and Allied Health Sciences including Basic Medical Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Dental Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Biomedical Engineering, Molecular ...

  20. Stabilization Lessons Learned from Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Reduction Project (0704–0188) Washington, DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE December 2013 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES...Ibid. 48 Accord Sierra Leone Project , Paying the Price: the Sierra Leone Peace Process, (Accord issue 9, 2000), London, 2000. http://www.c-r.org...continued to grow as ECOMOG was replaced by UNAMSIL at Mange and Kambia and UNAMSIL pushed out to Kabala in the North, Joru near the Liberian border

  1. Los sindicatos blancos de Monterrey (1931-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Ramírez Sánchez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los sindicatos blancos son el equivalente mexicano a los sindicatos amarillos de Francia y España y a los planes de representación del empleado de Estados Unidos y Canadá. De ellos se dice que son organismos obreros sometidos a la voluntad de los patrones, que los crean y dirigen. En México, esta clase de sindicatos eran hasta hace poco un fenómeno regional, restringido a la ciudad de Monterrey, donde han tenido su mayor desarrollo. Sin embargo, coincidiendo con la crisis y reorganización del sindicalismo mexicano y la apertura del sistema político nacional, han crecido en número e influencia política. En este artículo se ofrece un resumen histórico de este movimiento.

  2. Prevalence of ocular surface disease symptoms and risk factors in group of university students in Monterrey, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of ocular surface disease and its relationship with associated risk factors in students from the University of Monterrey using Ocular Surface Disease (OSDI) questionnaire. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted between October and December 2014 to assess the prevalence and risk factors for ocular surface disease in a group of students from Universidad de Monterrey in Monterrey, Mexico. The severity of t...

  3. Monterrey: Sus Imaginarios en el buscador de internet “Google” / Monterrey: Imaginaries on “Google”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Carmona

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The present paper intends to reveal the ways in which information technology and Internet-related communication are involved with the construction of the urban imagery of Monterrey’s City.The purpose of this text is to find ways to analyze this information by using various digital tools like the Google search engine. El presente trabajo intenta revelar la manera en que las tecnologías de la información y de comunicación vinculadas a Internet participan a la construcción de del imaginario urbano de la Ciudad de Monterrey. El objeto del presente texto es encontrar la forma de analizar dicha información gracias al uso de diferentes herramientas digitales como el buscador Google.

  4. Leon Knopoff (1926-2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Paul; Jackson, David; Gilbert, Freeman

    2011-06-01

    Leon Knopoff died at his home in Sherman Oaks, Calif., on 20 January 2011 at the age of 85. A man of wide-ranging talents, he had the rare distinction of being simultaneously a professor of physics, a professor of geophysics, and a research musicologist at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). As an undergraduate he studied electrical engineering and obtained his Ph.D. in physics and mathematics at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in 1949. He was recruited to the Institute of Geophysics (now the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics) at UCLA in 1950 by Louis Slichter, where he became a professor of geophysics in 1957 and of geophysics and physics in 1961. He became a research musicologist in the UCLA Institute of Ethnomusicology soon after it was formed in 1960. Other appointments included faculty positions at Miami University in Ohio (1948-1950) and Caltech (1962-1963) and visiting appointments at Cambridge, Karlsruhe, Harvard, Santiago, Trieste, and Venice.

  5. The use of reflecting paints on building`s roofs for energy saving; Uso de pinturas reflejantes en los techos de las edificaciones para el ahorro de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valera Negrete, Jose Adrian [Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (PAESE), Comision Federal de Electricidad, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Sanchez Soto, Ramon [Facultad de Ingenieria, Departamento de Termoenergia de la UNAM, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    This paper shows the effects of the use of reflecting paints in different colors on the buildings roofs and the results in energy saving obtained in a field test carried on in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon State of Mexico using aluminum paint. [Espanol] El presente trabajo muestra los efectos del uso de pinturas reflejantes de diferentes colores en los techos de edificaciones, y los resultados de ahorro de energia electrica obtenidos en una prueba de campo efectuada en Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, utilizando pintura de aluminio.

  6. The Special Court for Sierra Leone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Ciara Therése

    2004-01-01

    The focus of this article is the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the extent to which it can be said that the Special Court has already challenged, or will, in the future, challenge the tradition of impunity for gender-based crimes. In this regard, an analysis is undertaken of the Special Court......'s Statute, Rules of Procedure and Evidence and practice to date, in order to determine its treatment of gender-based crimes and whether it can be said that the Special Court for Sierra Leone challenges the tradition of impunity for gender-based crimes. Udgivelsesdato: december 2004...

  7. [Liver transplant at the UMAE 25 IMSS Monterrey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cisneros-Garza, Laura E; López-Hernández, Pedro A; Muñoz-Ramírez, M del Rosario; Castilla-Valdéz, Martha Patricia; Sebastián-Ruiz, M José; Carmona-Martínez, Juan Gerardo; Alvarez-Treviño, Guillermo Alberto; Martínez-Flores, José Guillermo; Olavide-Aguilar, Ramón

    2011-09-01

    Liver transplantation is the best treatment for end stage liver diseases. In April 2003, our institution started a Liver Transplantation Program for both pediatric and adults population. Shown the results of the Liver Transplantation Program in the UMAE 25 Monterrey N.L. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with liver transplantation. A total of 51 liver transplantations have been done in 49 patients with two retrasplantation, 15 in children and 36 in adults. The principal indication for liver transplantation in children was biliary atresia and hepatitis C cirrhosis in adults. The acute renal failure was the main early complication, the acute cellular rejection in the mediate period, and the cardiovascular diseases as late complication related to obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Overall survival at 1 and 5 years was 57.1 and 54.2%, respectively. During the first three years post-transplantation, the quality of life was good or very good. Although still a young and perfectible program, the effort of a multidisciplinary team has made possible to perform liver transplantation in two patient populations, pediatric and adults.

  8. nuevo gobierno local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vargas Hernández

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar las funciones y estructura de ingeniería social del nuevo gobierno local para dar respuesta a las demandas sociales, promover el desarrollo y regular los nuevos servicios públicos. A partir de una delimitación de los conceptos de soberanía y autonomía del nuevo gobierno local, se reconfigura una nueva estructura de gobernabilidad de los gobiernos locales que implica una mayor participación ciudadana en los procesos de toma de decisiones y la formulación de las políticas públicas, mediante la facilitación de procesos de descentralización de funciones y mecanismos coordinadores de servicios públicos. Finalmente se analizan las implicaciones en la gobernabilidad de la ingeniería social del nuevo gobierno local.

  9. Nuevos tiempos, ¿nuevos lectores?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro C. Cerrillo

    2005-01-01

    bajo la incuestionable influencia de la televisión y las nuevas tecnologías. Si la televisión es probablemente el medio más usado por los niños, el uso de internet está incrementándose por todo el mundo. Además, no podemos pasar por alto la potente influencia de los videojuegos. Nuestro propósito es mostrar cómo nuevas maneras de leer (practicadas por lo que podemos llamar "nuevos lectores" están cambiando el concepto tradicional de lectura. Asimismo, concluimos nuestro artículo argumentando que las nuevas tendencias en la lectura son un desafío para investigadores, docentes y autoridades, los cuales deben enfrentarse a la necesidad de preocuparse por la educación literaria y al desafío de crear un nuevo lector: un buen lector, un lector literario.

  10. Particularizing Universal Education in Postcolonial Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pai, Grace

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a vertical case study of the history of universalizing education in postcolonial Sierra Leone from the early 1950s to 1990 to highlight how there has never been a universal conception of universal education. In order to unite a nation behind a universal ideal of schooling, education needed to be adapted to different…

  11. Leon Foucault: His Life, Times and Achievements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aczel, Amir D.

    2004-01-01

    Leon Foucault's dramatic demonstration of the rotation of the Earth using a freely-rotating pendulum in 1850 shocked the world of science. Scientists were stunned that such a simple proof of our planet's rotation had to wait so long to be developed. Foucault's public demonstration, which was repeated at many locations around the world, put an end…

  12. Obituary: Leon Van Speybroeck, 1935-2002

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorenstein, Paul; Tananbaum, Harvey Dale

    2003-12-01

    Leon Van Speybroeck, a master designer of X-ray telescope mirrors and the telescope scientist for the Chandra X-ray Observatory, died in Newton, Massachusetts, on 25 December 2002, shortly after learning that he had metastatic melanoma. Leon was born on 27 August 1935 in Wichita, Kansas. His father, Paul, was Assistant Treasurer and head of the accounting department at Beech Aircraft, and his mother, Anna Florence (Utley), was a homemaker. Both parents died in 1996. Leon's younger sister, Saundra, is a nurse and his younger brother, John, is a surgeon. Leon received a BS in 1957 and a PhD in 1965, both in physics, from MIT. His PhD thesis, ``Elastic Electron-Deuteron Scattering at High Momentum Transfer," was carried out under the supervision of Henry Kendall and Jerome Friedman. Leon spent two more years at MIT as a research associate. In 1967, he was hired by American Science and Engineering (AS&E) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and joined the X-ray astronomy group led by Riccardo Giacconi, who received the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to astrophysics that led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources. Leon soon became involved in the design and construction of high-resolution, grazing-incidence X-ray telescopes, starting with the Apollo Telescope Mount flown on NASA's Skylab from 1973 to 1974. A series of high-resolution X-ray images of the solar corona led to dramatic changes in ideas about the solar corona, with new emphasis on magnetic dynamo processes. When the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Harvard College Observatory morphed into the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) in 1973, Leon, with Giacconi and other senior X-ray astronomers from AS&E, joined the CfA and formed the high-energy astrophysics division. Leon guided the design and development of the X-ray mirrors on NASA's Einstein Observatory, which was flown from 1978 to 1981 as the first cosmic X-ray observatory with an imaging telescope. Along the way, he

  13. Desarrollo de un refuerzo Montante/Pilar A para automoción mediante nuevos procesos de conformado en caliente

    OpenAIRE

    Berto, Sébastien

    2009-01-01

    El proyecto tiene como objetivo el estudio de un refuerzo montante A, pieza estructural, fabricado mediante un nuevo proceso de conformado por soplado en caliente, y su posible integración en un coche. Esta pieza debería integrarse al nuevo modelo de Seat Leon, por eso se tendrá que definir conjuntamente con el área de Desarrollo Carrocería del Centro Técnico de SEAT y el proveedor Linde Wiemann una geometría tanto encajable, como fabricable. La elaboración y la evolución de...

  14. Genetic structure of the populations migrating from San Luis Potosi and Zacatecas to Nuevo León in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerda-Flores, R M; Kshatriya, G K; Barton, S A; Leal-Garza, C H; Garza-Chapa, R; Schull, W J; Chakraborty, R

    1991-06-01

    The Mexicans residing in the Monterrey metropolitan area in Nuevo León, Mexico, were grouped by generation and birthplace [Monterrey Metropolitan Area (MMA), San Luis Potosi (SLP), and Zacatecas (ZAC)] of the four grandparents to determine the extent of genetic variation within this population and the genetic differences, if any, between the natives living in the MMA and the immigrant populations from SLP and ZAC. Nine genetic marker systems were analyzed. The genetic distance analysis indicates that SLP and ZAC are similar to the MMA, irrespective of birthplace and generation. Gene diversity analysis (GST) suggests that more than 96% of the total gene diversity (HT) can be attributed to individual variation within the population. The genetic admixture analysis suggests that the Mexicans of the MMA, SLP, and ZAC, stratified by birthplace and generation, have received a predominantly Spanish contribution (78.5%), followed by a Mexican Indian contribution (21.5%). Similarly, admixture analysis, conducted on the population of Nuevo León and stratified by generation, indicates a substantial contribution from the MMA (64.6%), followed by ZAC (22.1%) and SLP (13.3%). Finally, we demonstrate that there is no nonrandom association of alleles among the genetic marker systems (i.e., no evidence of gametic disequilibrium) despite the Mestizo origin of this population.

  15. Autoestima: un nuevo conceptoysu medida

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pedro ORTEGA RUIZ; Ramón MÍNGUEZ VALLEJOS; María Luisa RODES BRAVO

    2009-01-01

    ... no sólo las cualidades-competencias y carencias del individuo. Por último se ofrece un nuevo instrumento de medida de la autoestima de acuerdo con el nuevo concepto de dicho constructo.ABSTRACT...

  16. La resistencia a la democracia deliberativa. Tensiones entre un gobierno de alternancia y la sociedad civil organizada. El caso del Parque Fundidora en Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Nelly Medellín Mendoza

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo expone las resistencias del Gobierno del Partido Acción Nacional (PAN en Nuevo León, para promover una democracia deliberativa en la construcción de una pista de carreras en terrenos públicos del Parque Fundidora en Monterrey. Para este fin, mantuvo una asociación mercantil con empresarios, y no compartió información con las organizaciones de la sociedad civil, particularmente con el Comité Pro Rescate Fundidora, que cuestionó el fundamento legal, la legitimidad y la sustentabilidad ambiental de esta decisión pública. Además, desconoció jurídicamente a los ciudadanos organizados, para obtener la información que les permitiera conocer las bases del proyecto; esto imposibilita la construcción de una esfera pública deliberativa, como una de las condiciones para generar la gobernabilidad democrática.

  17. British Military Intervention into Sierra Leone: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-14

    BRITISH MILITARY INTERVENTION INTO SIERRA LEONE : A CASE STUDY A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U.S. Army Command and...NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE British Military Intervention into Sierra Leone : A Case Study 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 5d...

  18. Indigenous Knowledge and Library Work in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargbo, John Abdul

    2006-01-01

    Indigenous knowledge is vital information that is sadly diminishing at an alarming rate in Sierra Leone. There is, therefore, an urgent need to collect it before much of it is completely lost. This article explores the concept of indigenous knowledge and indigenous knowledge systems with a particular focus on Sierra Leone. Definitions and…

  19. Un nuevo modelo urbano

    OpenAIRE

    Duque Escobar, Gonzalo

    2012-01-01

    Urge un nuevo modelo de ciudad para para resolver la integración, abordando temas sustantivos como: el agua, las cuencas, la inversión, los servicios públicos, y la movilidad, además de la vocación de los entes territoriales y de la ciudad región como elementos clave para decidir sobre la asignación de las funciones metropolitanas y usos del suelo en el Eje Perera-Manizales

  20. Nuevo estadio, en Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soteras Mauri, J.

    1959-07-01

    Full Text Available El fútbol, en su paso de deporte a espectáculo deportivo, ha traído, como consecuencia, un mayor arrastre de las masas hacia' los recintos de juego. Debido a ello, todos los clubs españoles se han visto en la necesidad de ampliar o construir de nuevo sus instalaciones deportivas para poder albergar a esta ingente riada de espectadores. El Club de Fútbol Barcelona ha terminado recientemente la primera fase de su nuevo estadio con un aforo provisional de noventa mil espectadores y que, cuando esté acabado, tendrá capacidad para ciento cincuenta mil; o sea: será uno de los mayores del mundo. El proyecto ha sido estudiado minuciosamente, no sólo en esencia, sino en potencia, ya que el nuevo estadio Gamper se ha incorporado a la panorámica de la ciudad como uno de sus elementos característicos por razón de su masa, aislamiento y singularidad.

  1. Social segregation of indigenous migrants in Mexico: An overview from Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arun Kumar Acharya

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In Mexico, rural to urban migration is a clearly noticeable phenomenon. During the last few years, there has been spontaneous growth in the migration of indigenous people towards the northern cities of Mexico, especially to Monterrey, in search of employment. Once the migrants arrive in this metropolis, they face difficulties adjusting and adapting to the city environment because of hidden discrimination. The main argument and hypothesis of this paper is that indigenous people isolate themselves and segregate themselves socially due to fear of (cultural and racial discrimination and violence. For this study, data were obtained from fieldwork carried out during 2009 and 2010 in Monterrey, Mexico, where we interviewed 350 indigenous people that had moved there from different parts of the country.

  2. Violence against Elderly Migrants and Its Consequences on Their Health: Experience from Monterrey, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acharya Arun Kumar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyse how the violence and abuse against elderly migrants in Monterrey, Mexico affects their health. For this research, 257 elderly Mexican migrants were surveyed in the Metropolitan Area of Monterrey during 2012 through 2013. The study found that the majority of elderly people migrate to urban areas in search of a better economic opportunity. Once in the city, they are absorbed into the informal economic sectors. Results indicate that most of these elderly people suffer physical, sexual and psychological violence, as well as neglect and financial abuse from their employer, relatives, clients and pedestrians, which has an adverse effect on their health. Elderly migrants reported numerous health problems, where many of them were suffering from different types of injuries, stress and depression, among others. This paper concluded that violence suffered by elderly migrants has a significant impact on their health.

  3. Drug Resistance Strategies and Substance Use among Adolescents in Monterrey, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Kulis, Stephen; Marsiglia, Flavio Francisco; Castillo, Jason; Becerra, David; Nieri, Tanya

    2008-01-01

    This study examined drug resistance strategies and substance use among adolescents from Monterrey, Mexico. The focus was strategies that U.S. adolescents use most often to resist using substances, including refuse (saying no), explain (declining with an explanation), avoid (staying away from situations where drugs are offered), and leave (exiting situations where drugs are offered). Using self-administered questionnaire data from a convenience sample of 327 Mexican students enrolled at two se...

  4. Gender identity and substance use among students in two high schools in Monterrey, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Kulis, Stephen; Marsiglia, Flavio Francisco; Lingard, Erin Chase; Nieri, Tanya; Nagoshi, Julieann

    2008-01-01

    This study explored relationships between several hypothesized dimensions of gender identity and substance use outcomes within a non-probability sample of adolescents in Monterrey, Mexico. Based on Mexican concepts of machismo and marianismo, four gender identity constructs were measured: aggressive masculinity, assertive masculinity, affective femininity and submissive femininity. The study assessed how well these gender identity measures predicted substance use behaviors, substance use inte...

  5. [Leon Daraszkiewicz and his monograph on hebephrenia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcinowski, Filip

    2012-01-01

    Leon Daraszkiewicz (1866-1931) was a Polish psychiatrist, a pupil and co-worker of E. Kraepelin and V. Tsiz on the University of Dorpat (now Tartu, Estonia), the author of highly regarded monograph on hebephrenia (1891). In his work on the basis of over 20 case histories, he described a natural history of hebephrenia and his own views on its aetiology and prognosis. Hebephrenia as described by Daraszkiewicz, served as a clinical model for the Kraepelinian concept of dementia praecox. In the article, the life and career of Daraszkiewicz is covered, with particular emphasis on the role of his doctoral dissertation on hebephrenia in the history of the concept of schizophrenia.

  6. The Mathematical Works of Leon Battista Alberti

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Kim; Wassell, Stephen R

    2010-01-01

    Leon Battista Alberti was an outstanding polymath of the fifteenth century, alongside Piero della Francesca and before Leonardo da Vinci. While his contributions to architecture and the visual arts are well known and available in good English editions, and much of his literary and social writings are also available in English, his mathematical works are not well represented in readily available, accessible English editions have remained accessible only to specialists. The four treatises included here - Ludi matematici, De Componendis Cifris, Elementi di pittura and De lunularum quadratura - ar

  7. Susceptibility of Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae) to seven ixodicides in Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús A. Esparza Rentería; Emily Lizett Esparza Sevilla

    2015-01-01

    This article reports the results of research only. Mention of a proprietary product does not constitute an endorsement or a recommendation by the FAUANL for its use Animal husbandry and meat industry in Mexico are one of the principal activities of the agricultural sector of the country, which are threatened by factors that affect the production of meat, skin and milk; among these, the damages caused by Boophilus microplus (Canestrini), the common tick of cattle, and the diseases it transm...

  8. Mexico into the globalization: Nuevo Leon, the safe border for international trade program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barragan, J.

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The presentation of this research paper in the 10th annual Conference of the Western Hemispheric Development in the University of Texas A&M in Laredo Texas, (April 23-25, 2005 brought a great opportunity to reflect the efforts of a region in the north of Mexico for the world’s peace and security inside the International trade with the gowth factors important for any and all nations. In this investigation the combined efforts of USA and Mexico are shown to protect the International Trade against the acts of terrorism and smuggling of illegal drugs which constantly try to infiltrate their illicit activities, delivering a great damage to companies that carry out activities of international trade. Relevant conclusions are presented at the end of the paper.

  9. Nuevos tiempos, ¿nuevos lectores?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cerrillo, P.

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cuál es el futuro de la lectura en la erade la electrónica? ¿Y el de los libros? Hoy en día, nosencontramos con estas dos preguntas (o similarescada vez que alguien relacionado con la escritura,la lectura, la educación literaria o la industria editorial(escritores, críticos, investigadores, editores,maestros reflexiona sobre el futuro de los libros,la lectura y la Literatura. Parece tratarse de ungran problema, quizás debido a que los hábitos delectura están sufriendo una visible transformaciónbajo la incuestionable influencia de la televisión ylas nuevas tecnologías. Si la televisión es probablementeel medio más usado por los niños, el uso deinternet está incrementándose por todo el mundo.Además, no podemos pasar por alto la potenteinfluencia de los videojuegos.Nuestro propósito es mostrar cómo nuevasmaneras de leer (practicadas por lo que podemosllamar “nuevos lectores” están cambiando el conceptotradicional de lectura. Asimismo, concluimosnuestro artículo argumentando que las nuevastendencias en la lectura son un desafío para investigadores,docentes y autoridades, los cuales debenenfrentarse a la necesidad de preocuparse por laeducación literaria y al desafío de crear un nuevolector: un buen lector, un lector literario.

  10. Barómetro industrial LEON 50

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Álvarez Martínez

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El Barómetro indusrial LEON 50 es un trabajo de investigación que tiene como objetivo esencial identificar características patrimoniales, financieras y económicas de una muestra de empresas que actúan dentro de la industria leonesa. El soporte de este estudio empírico es la información contable anual auditada que depositan en el Registro Mercantil las empresas integrantes de la muestra, recogida básicamente en el balance de situación, la cuenta de pérdidas y ganacias y el cuadro de finaciación referidos al bienio 2001-02. En esencia, el Barómetro Industrial LEON 50 pretende ser un avance en el análisis, diagnóstico y mejor conocimiento de la industria regional, aportando una visión actualizada sobre estrategias y pautas de actuación empresarial que serán objeto de observación en períodos

  11. Nuevos novelistas argentinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Policarpo Varón

    1969-01-01

    Full Text Available Puede afirmarse que en Argentina existe una verdadera tradición novelística. Basta detenerse un poco en la nueva narrativa y observar cómo en los últimos novelistas se pueden encontrar preocupaciones que fueron comunes a los narradores del cuarenta, o a los del veinte, y que estos (los nuevos, han desarrollado mejor, han completado, podría decirse. Esta relación, este conocimiento que los escritores de hoy tienen de los de ayer (la conciencia del pasado, su conocimiento, y cabal valoración es lo que da sentido y configura una tradición.

  12. en los nuevos medios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Alonso

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se plantea como objetivo mostrar algunas consideraciones acerca de una investigación realizada durante los años 2000-2004 sobre los procesos de comunicación en Internet, que se centró en el análisis de los “nuevos medios”: diarios digitales, buscadores y directorios, portales, comunidades virtuales, redes ciudadanas y bitácoras. La investigación desplegó una metodología fundamentalmente exploratoria, debido a la ausencia de investigaciones de carácter general sobre la cuestión –dada la novedad que implica Internet– , y se basó en el análisis de varios parámetros: análisis de los objetivos de los medios, contenidos (tipologías y sujetos (actividades de los sujetos en los medios. En este artículo se comentan, exclusivamente, algunas ideas referidas a este tercer parámetro: la actividad de los sujetos en los nuevos medios.

  13. Las nuevas casas de la Inquisición en Santiago de Compostela: del palacio de Monterrey a la sede de Porta da Mámoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pita Galán, Paula

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1726 the Inquisition decided to rebuild its building: the Palace of Monterrey, in Santiago de Compostela. This intervention should have been made according to a project of Fernando de Casas but caused the moving of the Santo Oficio to a new building known as Casa Grande del Horreo or de Calo, in front of Porta da Mámoa. Thanks to unknown documents and the collection of plates of the Inquisition conserved at Archivo Histórico Universitario de Santiago, we will analized the circumstances that caused the change of building as well as propose an hypothetical reconstruction of the Casa de Calo from the testimonies of those who knew it before of the deep removal, directed by the master mason of San Martín Pinario fray Francisco Velasco that transform it into a Palace of the Inquisition.

    En 1726 el Tribunal de la Inquisición se propuso remodelar sus instalaciones en el Palacio de Monterrey, en Santiago de Compostela. Dicha intervención, que debía realizarse según un proyecto de Fernando de Casas, determinó el traslado del Santo Oficio a un nuevo inmueble: la Casa Grande del Hórreo o de Calo, frente a la Porta da Mámoa. A partir de documentación inédita y del estudio de la colección de planos de la Inquisición que conserva el Archivo Histórico Universitario de Santiago, analizaremos las circunstancias que motivaron el cambio de sede, y reconstruiremos la Casa de Calo según los testimonios de quienes la conocieron antes de que una profunda remoción dirigida por fray Francisco Velasco, maestro de obras de San Martín Pinario, la transformase en un palacio de la Inquisición. [gl] En 1726 o Tribunal da Inquisición propúxose remodelar a súas instalacións no Pazo de Monterrey, en Santiago de Compostela. Dita intervención, que debíase realizar seguindo un proxecto de Fernando de Casas, determinou o traslado do Santo Ofi cio a un novo inmoble: a Casa Grande do Hórreo ou de Calo, frente a Porta da Mámoa. A partir de

  14. Documentation and Testing of the WEAP Model for the Rio Grande/Bravo Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-01

    border between Texas and the Mexican states of Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas (Appendix B, Figure 32). There are four reservoirs of interest in this...Camargo - Ciudad Acuna - Ciudad Anhuac - Ciudad Juarez - Matamoros - Metropolitan Monterrey - Nuevo Laredo - Reynosa - Piedras Negras...Rivera, and Jorge A. Hidalgo. (2001). “Sistema de apoyo a la toma de decisions para el manejo integral del agua en cuencas.” IMTA/CNA, Proyecto

  15. Post-Ebola Syndrome, Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Janet T; Sesay, Foday R; Massaquoi, Thomas A; Idriss, Baimba R; Sahr, Foday; Semple, Malcolm G

    2016-04-01

    Thousands of persons have survived Ebola virus disease. Almost all survivors describe symptoms that persist or develop after hospital discharge. A cross-sectional survey of the symptoms of all survivors from the Ebola treatment unit (ETU) at 34th Regimental Military Hospital, Freetown, Sierra Leone (MH34), was conducted after discharge at their initial follow-up appointment within 3 weeks after their second negative PCR result. From its opening on December 1, 2014, through March 31, 2015, the MH34 ETU treated 84 persons (8-70 years of age) with PCR-confirmed Ebola virus disease, of whom 44 survived. Survivors reported musculoskeletal pain (70%), headache (48%), and ocular problems (14%). Those who reported headache had had lower admission cycle threshold Ebola PCR than did those who did not (pEbola syndrome. The Ebola epidemic is waning, but the effects of the disease will remain.

  16. Initiatives for Sustainable Community Development in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamara, John M.; Kargbo, Stephen B.

    1999-01-01

    In Sierra Leone, two church-sponsored programs are focused on sustainable development. The Wesleyan Development Education and Awareness Programme trains people to initiate community projects. Women's Loan Scheme encourages development of small-scale enterprises. (SK)

  17. Final Critical Habitat for the Leon springs pupfish (Cyprinodon bovinus)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To provide the user with a general idea of areas where final critical habitat for Leon springs pupfish (Cyprinodon bovinus) occur based on the description provided...

  18. Indigenous knowledge in cattle breeding in Sierra Leone | Abdul ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... and production under traditional cattle production system in Sierra Leone. ... were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire and by direct observation. ... Solid fawn color was the most preferred (93%) followed by complete spotted ...

  19. Addressing gender-based violence in the Sierra Leone conflict ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a Special Court to prosecute those who bore 'the greatest responsibility' for atrocities committed ... The civil war in Sierra Leone, from 1991 to 2002, gained certain notoriety .... and medical treatment (Charters, Horn and Vahidy 2008). Further ...

  20. Final Critical Habitat for the Leon springs pupfish (Cyprinodon bovinus)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To provide the user with a general idea of areas where final critical habitat for Leon springs pupfish (Cyprinodon bovinus) occur based on the description provided...

  1. Engineering of software the continuing contributions of Leon J. Osterweil

    CERN Document Server

    Tarr, Peri L

    2011-01-01

    Software engineering research can trace its roots to a small number of highly influential individuals including Prof. Leon J. Osterweil. This book assembles Prof. Osterweil's key publications as well as several new articles analyzing the impact of his work.

  2. LEON CUPRA 另类暴走族

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王帅

    2012-01-01

    <正>第一眼看到德国和西班牙混血的西雅特LEON CUPRA,我略有些失望,如果不考虑那鲜艳的红色车漆,LEON CUPRA似乎成不了可以在吸引回头率的车型,但随后的经历却证明了我是错的。

  3. Political Economy of Extractives Governance in Sierra Leone

    OpenAIRE

    Fanthorpe, Richard; Gabelle, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    Sierra Leone is still recovering from a brutal civil war (1991-2002), fuelled in part by a valuable and easily extractable natural resource (diamonds). Sierra Leone now stands on the verge of an unprecedented period of economic growth, driven primarily by revenues from large-scale iron ore mining. Yet it continues to face many governance and developmental challenges. The rapid rise of the ...

  4. International Marketing Strategy of Transformations LTD in Sierra Leone

    OpenAIRE

    Alam, Mohammed Touqeer

    2011-01-01

    The central idea of the report is to formulate an international marketing strategy for Transformations Ltd, a learning and development company based in UK for its entry in Sierra Leone market. The company wants to provide accredited British Leadership and Management qualification in Sierra Leone. The report uses theoretical framework for marketing analyses including internationalization models, entry mode, market segmentation, targeting, positioning and generic strategy. The report adopte...

  5. Dinámica territorial segregativa en Monterrey, México: el caso de ciudad solidaridad

    OpenAIRE

    Fitch Osuna, Jesús Manuel; Chávez Reyes, Héctor Saúl

    2011-01-01

    Entre 1960 y 1980 el Área Metropolitana de Monterrey (en adelante, AMM) experimenta un auge gradual de su estructura geoeconómica, reduciendo su importancia relativa de las manufacturas y aumento de los servicios, con ello eleva su economía y participación nacional. Posteriormente en el periodo comprendido entre 1970 y 1990, el AMM se posiciona como la tercera ciudad en importancia demográfica en México. En las últimas dos décadas, se consolida como capital de servicios en la región noreste d...

  6. Los nuevos movimientos sociales latinoamericanos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Emilia Brito Valdés

    2017-01-01

    Se definen los nuevos movimientos sociales latinoamericanos en la más reciente contemporaneidad a partir de cientistas sociales de talla internacional en la medida en se han presentado como los motores de la dinámica social...

  7. Results of a survey on the electricity end uses conducted in Guadalajara and Monterrey homes; Resultados de una encuesta de usos finales de electricidad en los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Friedmann, Rafael; Nixon, Michael [University of California, Berkeley, CA. (United States)

    1994-12-31

    This paper presents here the results of a survey conducted in summer 1992 at Guadalajara and Monterrey homes. The survey main objective was to examine the potential of the replacement of incandescent bulbs for fluorescent compact bulbs (FCBs) to save electricity. Additionally it was determined the saturation level of other electric home appliances. Considering the physical restrictions of lanterns, during the evening demand peak hours a maximum of about 3.6 million of FCBs can be introduced into the electric network between 8:00 and 9:00 Pm, economizing about 207 MW. It was found that the importance of lighting, the potential of FCBs and the equipment with electric home appliances varies significantly in accordance with the electricity consumption at home. Lighting represents at least about 22% and 14% of the total electricity consumption in the homes of Guadalajara and Monterrey, respectively. This percentage is higher among low electricity consumption users. The saturation in electrical home appliances demonstrated the importance of the refrigerators, TV sets, and air conditioning units (these ones only for Monterrey). In both cities about 1.5 TV sets and 0.96 refrigerators per home were reported. In Monterrey 0.4 air conditioning units and 1.6 electric fans per home were reported. In Guadalajara only about 0.5 fans per home were reported. The results of this survey show the importance of promoting programs to increase the energy efficiency to cover the lighting and refrigeration needs in both cities and air conditioning in Monterrey. [Espanol] Se muestran los resultados de una encuesta realizada en el verano de 1992 en los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey. La encuesta tenia como objetivo principal examinar el potencial de reemplazo de focos incandescentes con focos compactos fluorescentes (FCFs) para ahorrar electricidad. Ademas se determino el nivel de saturacion de otros enseres electricos en los hogares. Tomando en cuenta restricciones fisicas de luminarias

  8. Gender identity and substance use among students in two high schools in Monterrey, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulis, Stephen; Marsiglia, Flavio Francisco; Lingard, Erin Chase; Nieri, Tanya; Nagoshi, Julieann

    2011-01-01

    This study explored relationships between several hypothesized dimensions of gender identity and substance use outcomes within a non-probability sample of adolescents in Monterrey, Mexico. Based on Mexican concepts of machismo and marianismo, four gender identity constructs were measured: aggressive masculinity, assertive masculinity, affective femininity and submissive femininity. The study assessed how well these gender identity measures predicted substance use behaviors, substance use intentions, expectancies, and normative approval, and exposure and vulnerability to substance offers. Data were drawn from questionnaires completed by 327 students from 2 Monterrey secondary schools. Multivariate ordered logistic and linear regression analyses, adjusted for school level effects, indicated that aggressive masculinity was associated with higher risk of drug use on most outcomes, while affective femininity was associated with lower risk on selected outcomes. Assertive masculinity was associated with only one of the outcomes examined and submissive femininity with none of them. Most gender identity effects persisted after controlling for biological sex, academic performance, age, and other gender identity measures. For two of the outcomes, the gender identity measures had significantly stronger effects for males than for females. The findings are interpreted in light of males’ higher risk for drug use and changes in gender roles and gendered behavior that are now occurring in Mexico as in the U.S. PMID:18329826

  9. Gender identity and substance use among students in two high schools in Monterrey, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulis, Stephen; Marsiglia, Flavio Francisco; Lingard, Erin Chase; Nieri, Tanya; Nagoshi, Julieann

    2008-06-01

    This study explored relationships between several hypothesized dimensions of gender identity and substance use outcomes within a non-probability sample of adolescents in Monterrey, Mexico. Based on Mexican concepts of machismo and marianismo, four gender identity constructs were measured: aggressive masculinity, assertive masculinity, affective femininity and submissive femininity. The study assessed how well these gender identity measures predicted substance use behaviors, substance use intentions, expectancies, and normative approval, and exposure and vulnerability to substance offers. Data were drawn from questionnaires completed by 327 students from 2 Monterrey secondary schools. Multivariate ordered logistic and linear regression analyses, adjusted for school level effects, indicated that aggressive masculinity was associated with higher risk of drug use on most outcomes, while affective femininity was associated with lower risk on selected outcomes. Assertive masculinity was associated with only one of the outcomes examined and submissive femininity with none of them. Most gender identity effects persisted after controlling for biological sex, academic performance, age, and other gender identity measures. For two of the outcomes, the gender identity measures had significantly stronger effects for males than for females. The findings are interpreted in light of males' higher risk for drug use and changes in gender roles and gendered behavior that are now occurring in Mexico as in the U.S.

  10. Monterrey and the Local Media. The study of ideological reproduction through four life stories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dda. Lorena Frankenberg

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the ideological discourse of the local print and television news media of the eighties in the city of Monterrey, Mexico according to the biographical narratives of four leading journalists. The purpose is to pay attention to the role of ideology in the media as emphasized by cultural studies in its beginnings. The main question posed was: What was the role of the media in the eighties in the reproduction of the ideology of the economic and industrial elite of Monterrey and its relationship with the value system and civic identity of the audience members? According to the journalists interviewed, members of the industrial elite had a direct and explicit influence in the policies and contents of the main local newspapers and television stations, except for a daily newspaper that lost its predominance when rejecting that influence. The paper discusses the close relationship between media, audiences and the structures of ideological reproduction of the local industrial group, and the ways in which all these elements continously interact.

  11. Capital social y pobreza multidimensional, el caso de hogares pobres en Monterrey, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Portales

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El Área Metropolitana de Monterrey, a pesar de tener indicadores de desarrollo superiores al de la mayoría de las ciudades de México, presenta hogares en condiciones de pobreza similares a los observados en las regiones más pobres del país. En este contexto, la presente investigación muestra la relación entre el capital social de los hogares en una colonia de Monterrey con altos niveles de rezago social y sus niveles de pobreza. Para ello se utilizó una técnica de corte etnográfico denominada redes personales y un análisis de corte estadístico, que permite observar cómo hogares con los niveles más elevados de pobreza utilizan su capital social como una estrategia de vida para dar respuesta a sus carencias sociales, mientras que los hogares con menores niveles de pobreza hacen uso de un capital social más estratégico que les permite acceder a una mayor diversidad de recursos económicos, sociales e institucionales.

  12. Nuevo diccionario de Americanismos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Markič

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1993 vio la luz una idea concebida ya a los finales de los años setental: el Nuevo diccionario de americanismos, un proyecto realizado por la Cátedra de Lingüística Aplicada (Lenguas Románicas de la Universidad de Augsburgo, Alemania, bajo la dirección de los profesores Günter Haensch y Reinhold Werner y en colaboración estrecha con los más eminentes lexicógrafos y expertos de América Latina. La obra es el resultado de la colaboración de muchos individuos e instituciones. Hasta el momento se han publicado los tres primeros tomos de una serie de diccionarios que se están elaborando en el marco de está proyecto y se dedican al espaiiol de los diferentes paises hispanoamericanos. La obra esta siendo publicada por la Imprenta Patriótica del lnstituto Caro y Cuervo de Bogotá.

  13. La consolidación del Monterrey "imaginario" en el contexto de la globalización: "Macroproyectos" urbanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Prieto González

    2011-01-01

    y solucionar sus problemas. La realización de "macroproyectos" urbanos en Monterrey ha permitido configurar una "ciudad imaginaria" -"vendible"- que ignora y suplanta a la "ciudad real". Actuar así, sin embargo, conlleva riesgos. Éste es el tema del presente artículo.

  14. Estimacion de la funcion de demanda por telefonia local para Monterrey y su area metropolitana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klender Cortez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study we estimate a model to explain the consumption demand for local telephone service in Monterrey. In this paper we provide a theoretical framework of the variables that affect the demand function. The main problem for the estimation is that we have different telephone services from the same supplier. We consider data of one year from 2006 to 2007, and we estimate a multivariate linear model. We also estimate the variable “income level” using 12 socioeconomic variables. The results indicate that it is not necessary to include in the model the seasonality factor. The variables of the model are statistically significant, and we also find that the expected signs of the variable are based on the economic theory. The income level was the variable with more impact in the demand.

  15. [Tobacco smoke exposure in public places in Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynales-Shigematsu, Luz Myriam; Ortega-Ceballos, Paola Adanari; Gimeno, David; Barrientos-Gutiérrez, Tonatiuh

    2010-01-01

    To quantify environmental tobacco smoke exposure in public places in Mexico to promote policies of 100% smoke-free environments. In hospitals, schools and public offices of Monterrey, Guadalajara and Mexico City 20% of inner areas were monitored. Median nicotine concentrations were estimated by city, type of public space and type of inner area. Median concentration in areas where nicotine was detected was 0.06 µg/m³ (P₂₅=0.03, P₇₅=0.12 µg/m³). Higher concentrations were found in Mexico City and in public offices. Nicotine was not detected in 75% of monitored areas. Monitoring environmental nicotine is a useful tool to evaluate compliance of public places with the smoke-free environments legislation, and could constitute an important source of information to strengthen implementation efforts.

  16. Jefatura de hogar femenina y bienestar familiar en Monterrey. Una aproximación cualitativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Acosta

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se lleva a cabo un análisis exploratorio de la relación entre la jefatura de hogar femenina y el bienestar de los hogares, usando información cualitativa obtenida con entrevistas a profundidad semiestructuradas a jefas de hogar de sectores populares de Monterrey. El propósito general del trabajo consiste en examinar las maneras en las que estas mujeres reconstruyen su identidad de género y organizan sus estrategias familiares de vida a partir de la necesidad de convertirse en alguna etapa de su vida en proveedoras económicas de sus hogares, considerando que, a partir de la experiencia de la jefatura, las jefas de hogar se reconstruyen a sí mismas no sólo como mujeres sino también como mujeres jefas de sus hogares

  17. Flexibilidad y estrategias laborales de los profesionistas en la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Alberto Jurado Montelongo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La restructuración económica en marcha desde la década de 1980 en la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey (ZMM, ha impactado en la dinámica del mercado laboral. La movilidad laboral se ha alterado. Los trabajadores de alta escolaridad han mantenido su presencia creciente en el mercado laboral y han experimentado un aumento constante en sus jornadas laborales y una disminución de la cobertura de las prestaciones sociales vinculadas a los servicios médicos, principalmente. Por medio de una revisión de las estadísticas presentadas por la Encuesta Nacional de Empleo Urbano (eneu este artículo busca resaltar algunas consecuencias en las condiciones de trabajo de los técnicos y profesionistas tomando en cuenta la caída en importancia de los empleos estables o por contrato indeterminado

  18. A decade of lead monitoring in schoolchildren in the metropolitan area of Monterrey NL, Mexico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Santos-Guzmán

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To establish the blood lead concentration and associated risk factors in schoolchildren during 1998 and 2008. Materials and methods. A blood lead screening was conducted in schoolchildren of 6-12 years of age, enrolled in 17 elementary schools of the metropolitan area of Monterrey, México, during 1998 and 2008. Results. The mean blood lead level were 9.6 ± 3.0 (μg/dL range of 3.18 to 20.88 in 1998 and 4.5±4.8 μg/dL (range of 3.3 to 53.7 showing a 2.1-times reduction in blood lead levels (p menor que 0.01. Conclusions. This reduction in blood lead levels demonstrate environmental and industrial control improvements and the benefits of fading out the leaded gasoline during the 1990´s.

  19. COMUNIDAD Y CIUDADANÍA: MONTERREY Y SUS ORGANIZACIONES MEDIÁTICAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Frankenberg

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta un análisis sobre la participación de los medios locales de la ciudad de Monterrey, México en la creación de una comunidad imaginada. La comunidad es entendida aquí como el tipo de organización social cuyos procesos identitarios y su proyección hacia la consolidación de una esfera pública, se tornan indispensables en las sociedades postindustriales para el buen funcionamiento de las democracias. Tomando en cuenta los conceptos de comunidad imaginada de Anderson, los aspectos de capital simbólico de Bourdieu y la propuesta de comunidad comunicativamente integrada de Friedland, la presente investigación expone la vinculación entre comunidad y medios de comunicación locales a través los relatos de vida para el análisis social de cuatro reconocidos comunicadores. La pregunta que guía esta investigación es ¿de qué manera participan los medios locales, a través de la producción de mensajes, en la creación de una comunidad imaginada para la conformación de la ciudadanía? Las narrativas revelan que en Monterrey se presentan los mecanismos mediáticos para que la comunidad desempeñe su labor en la vida democrática, sin embargo se da a través de una monocromía textual (aunque con algunos intentos emancipadores que no alcanza a generar una esfera pública deseable hacia una democracia más sana o participativa. Hay más autocontemplación que autocrítica y las organizaciones de medios perciben al ciudadano mediático como un consumidor y repetidor de clichés y no como gran cuestionador.

  20. El impacto de los medios de comunicación sobre la definición del voto de los ciudadanos de Monterrey en las elecciones presidenciales de 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fabián Ruiz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza el impacto que ejercen los medios de comunicación en la formación de las opiniones de los votantes acerca de las campafias electorales y de los candidatos en la ciudad de Monterrey durante la elección presidencial de 2012. Para llevar a cabo la investigación se utilizan los resultados de 7 grupos de discusión realizados con habitantes de la ciudad en eI marco del Proyecto de Observación Electoral 2012. En la primera parte se revisan algunos conceptos fundamentales para el desarrollo de la investigación. En la segunda, se detalla la metodología de grupos de enfoque utilizada y se aclaran algunas especificaciones técnicas del trabajo de campo lIevado a cabo. En la tercera, se presentan los resultados de la investigación. Finalmente, se comparten algunas reflexiones a modo de conclusión en tanto que los hallazgos redimensionan el significado que algunos le atribuyen a los medios de comunicación en la formación de las preferencias durante las campafias electorales. Esto abre espacio para realizar nuevos estudios, más específicos yenfocados, en un tema donde la investigación académica aún tiene interrogantes de importancia que resolver.

  1. Library Education and the Practitioner: The Sierra Leone Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargbo, John Abdul

    1999-01-01

    Examines the past and current educational trends of librarianship in Sierra Leone. Discuses courses offered in the current library school; economic and political issues affecting higher education; the need for full-time faculty; general versus specialized practitioner needs; attitudes of faculty toward working librarians; and professional…

  2. School-Based Peace Building in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bretherton, Diane; Weston, Jane; Zbar, Vic

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the development of a peace education project, including the Peace Education Kit, in schools in Sierra Leone. The program, initiated by the World Bank, has involved working partnerships between local and international agencies and provides a case study of how schools can work with the community to contribute to a national…

  3. Life in Sierra Leone, West Africa. A Teaching Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corby, Richard A.

    This unit is designed for students in grades 6-12. The unit provides an introduction to Sierra Leone and the continent of Africa through basic concepts and a conceptual framework for learning. The unit is divided into 17 activities. Activities include: (1) "Stereotypes and Myths about African and Africans"; (2) "The Manding Name…

  4. School Libraries in Sierra Leone's Educational System: Quo Vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargbo, John A.

    2003-01-01

    Examines the role of school libraries in Sierra Leone's (Africa) educational system and the problems affecting their development. Discusses the need for materials to support teaching activities; sociological factors; teachers' and students' information needs; current trends and changes; rural areas with no school libraries; and lack of standards,…

  5. Power in Practice: Trade Union Education in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stirling, John

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of the development of a trade union education program in Sierra Leone in the geo-historical context of British colonialism. It places the argument in relation to the contradictory trends of trade unionism more generally and alongside their antagonistic cooperation with capitalism. It discusses the limits and…

  6. A New Agenda for Adult Education in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skelt, Joanna

    2003-01-01

    After years of conflict, Sierra Leone has critical educational development needs including trauma healing and conflict resolution, rebuilding of the educational infrastructure, and citizenship and capacity building. Citizenship education in this context must be redefined as developing individual agency and encouraging active participation. (SK)

  7. Why High School Must Go: An Interview with Leon Botstein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Robert

    2007-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Leon Botstein, longtime president of Bard College, as well as music director and conductor of the American and Jerusalem symphony orchestras. Botstein talks about his book entitled "Jefferson's Children: Education and the Promise of American Culture" and his views about teens and high schools in America.…

  8. Topp–Leone Family of Distributions: Some Properties and Application

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Al-Shomrani; Osama Arif; A Shawky; Saman Hanif; Muhammad Qaiser Shahbaz

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we have proposed a new family of distributions; the Topp–Leone family of distributions. We have given general expression for density and distribution function of the new family. Expression for moments and hazard rate has also been given. We have also given an example of the proposed family.

  9. Last Research Board Meeting for Leon Van Hove

    CERN Multimedia

    1980-01-01

    Leon Van Hove chaired the meeting for the last time, the end of the year being also the end of his term as Research Director General. The place was as usual the 6th floor conference room at the Main Building. The photo shows Sergio Fubini, Claude Bovet, Erwin Gabathuler, Volker Soergel, Leslie Camilleri, Jurg May, Mike Crowley-Milling

  10. An accidental sect: how war made belief in Sierra Leone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Richards, P.

    2006-01-01

    Idealists consider beliefs cause wars. Realists consider wars cause beliefs. The war in Sierra Leone offers some scope to test between these two views. The main rebel faction, the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was, sociologically speaking, an accidental sect. It lost its original ideologues at an

  11. Leon Cooper's Perspective on Teaching Science: An Interview Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niaz, Mansoor; Klassen, Stephen; McMillan, Barbara; Metz, Don

    2010-01-01

    The authors of this paper portray the perspective of Professor Leon Cooper, a theoretical physicist, Nobel laureate, active researcher, and physics textbook author, on teaching science and on the nature of science (NOS). The views presented emerged from an interview prepared by the authors and responded to in writing by Professor Cooper. Based on…

  12. Health complications of female genital mutilation in Sierra Leone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjälkander O

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Owolabi Bjälkander,1 Laurel Bangura,2 Bailah Leigh,3 Vanja Berggren,1 Staffan Bergström,1 Lars Almroth11Division of Global Health, Department of Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Inter Africa Committee, Sierra Leone; 3Department of Community Health, College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, University of Sierra Leone, Sierra LeoneAbstract: Sierra Leone has one of the highest rates of female genital mutilation (FGM in the world, and yet little is known about the health consequences of the practice.Purpose: To explore whether and what kind of FGM-related health complications girls and women in Sierra Leone experience, and to elucidate their health care-seeking behaviors.Patients and methods: A feasibility study was conducted to test and refine questionnaires and methods used for this study. Thereafter, a cross-section of girls and women (n = 258 attending antenatal care and Well Women Clinics in Bo Town, Bo District, in the southern region and in Makeni Town, Bombali District, in the northern region of Sierra Leone were randomly selected. Participants answered interview-administrated pretested structured questionnaires with open-ended-questions, administrated by trained female personnel.Results: All respondents had undergone FGM, most between 10 and 14 years of age. Complications were reported by 218 respondents (84.5%, the most common ones being excessive bleeding, delay in or incomplete healing, and tenderness. Fever was significantly more often reported by girls who had undergone FGM before 10 years of age compared with those who had undergone the procedure later. Out of those who reported complications, 187 (85.8% sought treatment, with 89 of them visiting a traditional healer, 75 a Sowei (traditional circumciser, and 16 a health professional.Conclusion: The high prevalence rate of FGM and the proportion of medical complications show that FGM is a matter for public health concern in Sierra Leone. Girls who

  13. Lassa Fever in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartnett, Jessica N.; Levy, Danielle C.; Yenni, Rachael E.; Moses, Lina M.; Fullah, Mohammed; Momoh, Mambo; Fonnie, Mbalu; Fonnie, Richard; Kanneh, Lansana; Koroma, Veronica J.; Kargbo, Kandeh; Ottomassathien, Darin; Muncy, Ivana J.; Jones, Abigail B.; Illick, Megan M.; Kulakosky, Peter C.; Haislip, Allyson M.; Bishop, Christopher M.; Elliot, Deborah H.; Brown, Bethany L.; Zhu, Hu; Hastie, Kathryn M.; Andersen, Kristian G.; Gire, Stephen K.; Tabrizi, Shervin; Tariyal, Ridhi; Stremlau, Mathew; Matschiner, Alex; Sampey, Darryl B.; Spence, Jennifer S.; Cross, Robert W.; Geisbert, Joan B.; Folarin, Onikepe A.; Happi, Christian T.; Pitts, Kelly R.; Geske, F. Jon; Geisbert, Thomas W.; Saphire, Erica Ollmann; Robinson, James E.; Wilson, Russell B.; Sabeti, Pardis C.; Henderson, Lee A.; Khan, S. Humarr; Bausch, Daniel G.; Branco, Luis M.; Garry, Robert F.

    2014-01-01

    Background Lassa fever (LF), an often-fatal hemorrhagic disease caused by Lassa virus (LASV), is a major public health threat in West Africa. When the violent civil conflict in Sierra Leone (1991 to 2002) ended, an international consortium assisted in restoration of the LF program at Kenema Government Hospital (KGH) in an area with the world's highest incidence of the disease. Methodology/Principal Findings Clinical and laboratory records of patients presenting to the KGH Lassa Ward in the post-conflict period were organized electronically. Recombinant antigen-based LF immunoassays were used to assess LASV antigenemia and LASV-specific antibodies in patients who met criteria for suspected LF. KGH has been reestablished as a center for LF treatment and research, with over 500 suspected cases now presenting yearly. Higher case fatality rates (CFRs) in LF patients were observed compared to studies conducted prior to the civil conflict. Different criteria for defining LF stages and differences in sensitivity of assays likely account for these differences. The highest incidence of LF in Sierra Leone was observed during the dry season. LF cases were observed in ten of Sierra Leone's thirteen districts, with numerous cases from outside the traditional endemic zone. Deaths in patients presenting with LASV antigenemia were skewed towards individuals less than 29 years of age. Women self-reporting as pregnant were significantly overrepresented among LASV antigenemic patients. The CFR of ribavirin-treated patients presenting early in acute infection was lower than in untreated subjects. Conclusions/Significance Lassa fever remains a major public health threat in Sierra Leone. Outreach activities should expand because LF may be more widespread in Sierra Leone than previously recognized. Enhanced case finding to ensure rapid diagnosis and treatment is imperative to reduce mortality. Even with ribavirin treatment, there was a high rate of fatalities underscoring the need to

  14. Lassa fever in post-conflict sierra leone.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey G Shaffer

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Lassa fever (LF, an often-fatal hemorrhagic disease caused by Lassa virus (LASV, is a major public health threat in West Africa. When the violent civil conflict in Sierra Leone (1991 to 2002 ended, an international consortium assisted in restoration of the LF program at Kenema Government Hospital (KGH in an area with the world's highest incidence of the disease.Clinical and laboratory records of patients presenting to the KGH Lassa Ward in the post-conflict period were organized electronically. Recombinant antigen-based LF immunoassays were used to assess LASV antigenemia and LASV-specific antibodies in patients who met criteria for suspected LF. KGH has been reestablished as a center for LF treatment and research, with over 500 suspected cases now presenting yearly. Higher case fatality rates (CFRs in LF patients were observed compared to studies conducted prior to the civil conflict. Different criteria for defining LF stages and differences in sensitivity of assays likely account for these differences. The highest incidence of LF in Sierra Leone was observed during the dry season. LF cases were observed in ten of Sierra Leone's thirteen districts, with numerous cases from outside the traditional endemic zone. Deaths in patients presenting with LASV antigenemia were skewed towards individuals less than 29 years of age. Women self-reporting as pregnant were significantly overrepresented among LASV antigenemic patients. The CFR of ribavirin-treated patients presenting early in acute infection was lower than in untreated subjects.Lassa fever remains a major public health threat in Sierra Leone. Outreach activities should expand because LF may be more widespread in Sierra Leone than previously recognized. Enhanced case finding to ensure rapid diagnosis and treatment is imperative to reduce mortality. Even with ribavirin treatment, there was a high rate of fatalities underscoring the need to develop more effective and/or supplemental treatments for

  15. Papel de los comites de participacion ciudadana en la gestion del gobierno municipal: Caso Municipio de Monterrey.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillen, A

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The fundamental basics of participating civic committees with regards to the governmental decision making at the municipality levels are described. An example and a practical case resulting from research on participation of these committees for the Monterrey municipality are provided. The role of these civic participating committees in good democratic functioning and correct achievement of the aims of the governmental plans for the enhancement and improvement of the sociopolitical, economical and environmental quality of citizen’s life are discussed.

  16. MUJERES-MADRES LACTANTES: NUEVOS CUERPOS, NUEVOS DISCURSOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Núria Calafell Sala

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo analiza cómo la fotografía de mujeres-madres lactantes se configura como un dispositivo discursivo productor de nuevas corporalidades y de nuevos discursos. Partiendo de la redefinición de las categorías “mujer”, “madre” y de su conjunción en el binomio “mujeresmadres lactantes”, y acompañado por el análisis de la metodología de trabajo de la crítica como sabotaje (Asensi, 2011, se ofrece una muestra de los modos de representación de estas nuevas corporalidades y de estos nuevos discursos. Asimismo, se bucea por las dinámicas de aceptación y/o rechazo de estos últimos con respecto a los viejos discursos que circulan en torno al relato del amamantamiento.

  17. [Incidence of Modic degenerative changes in patients with chronic lumbar pain at Monterrey Regional ISSSTE Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarreal-Arroyo, M; Mejia-Herrera, J C; Larios-Forte, M C

    2012-01-01

    Several papers have studied the degenerative changes of endplates, but there are no publications referring to the Mexican population. The purpose of the study is to report the incidence of Modic degenerative changes in the patients seen at the Spine Service, Monterrey Regional ISSSTE Hospital. Specific objectives are: to describe the type of Modic change and the most frequent location, to describe the degeneration patterns and to report the incidence of the various diagnoses made during 2009. Incidence study using the MRI records at the Radiology Department, Monterrey Regional ISSSTE Hospital, interpreted blindly and independently by two observers. A total of 240 lumbar spine MRIs were reviewed, for a total of 1,200 intervertebral spaces. They were divided by age groups. Group I included 16 patients, Group II 32, Group III 80, and Group IV 112. No patients in Group I had Modic changes. Four patients (12.5%) in Group II had type II Modic changes with 25% involvement of L4-L5 (10%); 32% of Group IV patients had changes, with L5-S1 as the most affected level. Most Modic changes (85%) were located in L4-L5 and L5-S1, with the latter as the most frequently affected level. Type I represented 5%, Type II 30%, and Type III 65%. The percentage of patients with Modic changes increased with age, which confirms that degenerative changes are age related. Morphologic disc changes are expressed as the percentage of affected patients in each group. Besides the severity of degeneration, the number of affected levels also increases with age. Thirty percent of patients ages 30-39 years have one or two degenerated levels, while 50% of those over age 50 have 3 or more degenerated levels. The most frequently degenerated level was L5-S1, followed by L4-L5 and L3-L4. The most frequent degeneration pattern was lower segment degeneration (L4-L5, L5-S1). A small proportion of patients over age 50 (4%) did not have disc degeneration, suggesting that age is not the only factor that determines

  18. Autoestima: un nuevo conceptoysu medida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro ORTEGA RUIZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Este trabajo aborda un nuevo concepto, más amplio, de la autoestima que integre «el valor de la persona» como núcleo básico de la autoestima. Presenta una revisión del estado actual de la investigación sobre este constructo, a la vez que hace una reflexión sobre la inadecuación de los actuales instrumentos de medida si la autoestima integra el valor de la persona, y no sólo las cualidades-competencias y carencias del individuo. Por último se ofrece un nuevo instrumento de medida de la autoestima de acuerdo con el nuevo concepto de dicho constructo.ABSTRACT: This paper is intented to broaden the traditional notion of self-esteem by suggesting the «value of the person» as its essential characteristic. After revising the literature on this construct, it is concluded that the instruments currently used to asses self-esteem are inadecuated in that they only take into account the qualities-competences and shortcomings of the individual, but not the «value of the person». Finally, a new instrument to asses self-esteem more in accordance with this new conception is presented.

  19. Sequence variability and geographic distribution of Lassa virus, Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leski, Tomasz A; Stockelman, Michael G; Moses, Lina M; Park, Matthew; Stenger, David A; Ansumana, Rashid; Bausch, Daniel G; Lin, Baochuan

    2015-04-01

    Lassa virus (LASV) is endemic to parts of West Africa and causes highly fatal hemorrhagic fever. The multimammate rat (Mastomys natalensis) is the only known reservoir of LASV. Most human infections result from zoonotic transmission. The very diverse LASV genome has 4 major lineages associated with different geographic locations. We used reverse transcription PCR and resequencing microarrays to detect LASV in 41 of 214 samples from rodents captured at 8 locations in Sierra Leone. Phylogenetic analysis of partial sequences of nucleoprotein (NP), glycoprotein precursor (GPC), and polymerase (L) genes showed 5 separate clades within lineage IV of LASV in this country. The sequence diversity was higher than previously observed; mean diversity was 7.01% for nucleoprotein gene at the nucleotide level. These results may have major implications for designing diagnostic tests and therapeutic agents for LASV infections in Sierra Leone.

  20. Tidal Motion in a Complex Inlet and Bay System, Ponce de Leon Inlet, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Tidal Motion in a Complex Inlet and Bay System, Ponce de Leon Inlet, Florida 5a...investigated in Ponce de Leon (Ponce) Inlet, Florida, and its bay channels through a 10-week data-collection campaign and two-dimensional numerical...Beach, Florida Summer 2000 Tidal Motion in a Complex Inlet and Bay System, Ponce de Leon Inlet, Florida Adele Militellot and Gary A. Zarillo:j: t

  1. New Fractal Localized Structures in Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAZheng-Yi; ZHUJia-Min; ZHENGChun-Long

    2004-01-01

    A novel phenomenon that the localized coherent structures of a (2+1)-dimensional physical model possess fractal behaviors is revealed. To clarify the interesting phenomenon, we take the (2+1)-dimensional Boiti Leon-Pempinelli system as a concrete example. Starting from an extended homogeneous balance approach, a general solution of the system is derived. From which some special localized excitations with fractal behaviors are obtained by introducin gsome types of lower-dimensional fractal patterns.

  2. Promoting Mobile Financial Transactions : A Case Study Zain Sierra Leone

    OpenAIRE

    Atuyota-Ejughemre, Kesiena

    2009-01-01

    Title – Promoting Mobile Financial Transactions: A Case study of Zain Sierra Leone Author – Kesiena Atuyota-Ejughemre Supervisor - Anders Hederstierna Department: School of Management, Blekinge Institute of Technology Course: Master’s thesis in business administration, 15 credits (ECTS). Background and Problem Discussion: There are challenges associated with overly cash based societies. The use of mobile financial systems could address some of these challenges. Understanding the factors that ...

  3. Herramientas de Apoyo: El Portafolio (La experiencia de la Escuela de Medicina de Tec de Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Ayala Aguirre

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Al utilizar en educación superior estrategias de enseñanza - aprendizaje activas y participativas hace imprescindible el requerimiento de técnicas de evaluación que permitan medir la calidad, extensión y profundidad de los aprendizajes obtenidos por los alumnos expuestos a dichas estrategias. El uso del portafolio en sus dos modalidades, electrónico e impreso, se ha vuelto un recurso valioso por la congruencia con modelos activos de educación centrados en el aprendizaje del alumno. La experiencia de la Escuela de Medicina del Tecnológico de Monterrey al implantar un modelo educativo basado en competencias y un sistema de evaluación que incluye el portafolio como uno de sus recursos principales ha permitido corroborar estos planteamientos. En este trabajo se describen las características, tipos y ventajas del uso del portafolio. Se presenta también una experiencia específica del uso del portafolio en educación médica.

  4. Herramientas de Apoyo: El Portafolio (La experiencia de la Escuela de Medicina de Tec de Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Ayala Aguirre

    Full Text Available Al utilizar en educación superior estrategias de enseñanza - aprendizaje activas y participativas hace imprescindible el requerimiento de técnicas de evaluación que permitan medir la calidad, extensión y profundidad de los aprendizajes obtenidos por los alumnos expuestos a dichas estrategias. El uso del portafolio en sus dos modalidades, electrónico e impreso, se ha vuelto un recurso valioso por la congruencia con modelos activos de educación centrados en el aprendizaje del alumno. La experiencia de la Escuela de Medicina del Tecnológico de Monterrey al implantar un modelo educativo basado en competencias y un sistema de evaluación que incluye el portafolio como uno de sus recursos principales ha permitido corroborar estos planteamientos. En este trabajo se describen las características, tipos y ventajas del uso del portafolio. Se presenta también una experiencia específica del uso del portafolio en educación médica.

  5. Temporal analysis of PM10 in Metropolitan Monterrey, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Santiago, Omar; Badillo-Castañeda, Christian T; Kahl, Jonathan D W; Ramírez-Lara, Evangelina; Balderas-Renteria, Isaías

    2011-05-01

    The Monterrey Metropolitan Area (MMA) is the third largest city in Mexico. Few studies have been carried out regarding its air pollution. The aim of this study was to analyze the temporal behavior of PM10 (particulate matter Ambiental" (Integrated Environmental Monitoring System) network from 2006 to 2008 were used. PM10 levels were compared among the stations by year, season, and day of week. A bootstrap technique was used to obtain subsamples to which Student's t test and ANOVA were applied. PM10 levels were high and exceeded the annual limit of 50 microg/m3 set up by the Mexican standard Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-025-SSA1-1993. These levels could have serious health effects. The southwest zone of MMA had the highest levels of PM10 during the period studied. Winter was the most polluted season, and summer was the least polluted season. Thursday and Friday were the most polluted days, and Sunday was the least polluted day. The hours with the highest levels of PM10 were 8:00 to 10:00 a.m., whereas nighttime hours were the cleanest.

  6. Redes sociales y vejez: apoyos formales e informales en el área metropolitana de Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilda García

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A través de una encuesta a 461 individuos de 60 años y más residentes en el área metropolitana de Monterrey se exploró la amplitud y el carácter de la relación de los viejos con las redes de apoyo formales e informales, así como los determinantes de dicha relación. En principio, los datos sugieren un panorama de alta dependencia económica y social de esta población derivado de ingresos y condiciones de salud precarias. Por un lado, se observó que el sistema institucional facilitó principalmente el acceso a servicios de salud y pensiones, aunque la cobertura de este último servicio fue más restringida y diferenciada. Por otra parte, el estudio mostró que la familia, pero especialmente los hijos, desempeña un rol central para la subsistencia de los viejos, transfiriendo bienes y servicios no disponibles en el sistema formal de soporte.

  7. TEMPERATURAS EXTREMAS EN LA CIUDAD DE MONTERREY N. L. MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José G. Ríos-Alejandro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Considerando como variable aleatoria a la temperatura más baja del año en la Cd. de Monterrey N.L. México, ésta se modela con la distribución de Gumbel, se estiman sus parámetros así como algunos niveles de retorno. Sea x la temperatura mínima del año. En la teoría de valores extremos, el riesgo se evalúa con xp donde la probabilidad de que (en un período x sea menor a xp, es igual a p. De manera que 1/ p es el número promedio de periodos (años que transcurren hasta que la temperatura mínima anual es menor a xp. Se estima xp para algunos valores de p, información que se considera importante para el tomador de decisiones. Se aplican metodologías de: regresión lineal, máxima verosimilitud y bayesiana.

  8. Symposium on mine safety in Castille and Leon. Jornadas de debate sobre seguridad minera en Castilla y Leon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-01-01

    Although the Integral Plan for Mine Safety (PISM), sponsored and organised by the Advisory Council for Industry, Energy and Work of Castille and Leon does not provide a permanent solution, its second stage will still be implemented. The Integral refers to the various aspects in the complete cycle of mine safety including inspection of installations and work done, safety training, analysis of accidents, study of occupational diseases, setting up of bodies responsible for safety within a firm, rescue teams, etc.

  9. El impacto de la sustentabilidad en la vivienda en serie de Nuevo León / The impact of sustainability in mass housing Nuevo Leon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paz Pérez, Carlos Antonio

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación consiste en un estudio de caso comparativo, en donde ha sido analizado un fraccionamiento de vivienda del tipo económico con características de sustentabilidad como caso central y se han comparado los indicadores socioeconómicos resultantes con un fraccionamiento con características tradicionales de construcción y equipamiento. El planteamiento de esta investigación obedece al problema observado en la percepción del alto costo de la construcción de vivienda sustentable y por otra parte el alto costo e impacto de los energéticos durante el período de explotación en la vivienda tradicional y su incidencia social. El estudio desarrollado busca demostrar como la utilización de materiales bioclimáticos, la orientación adecuada y la utilización de sistemas constructivos integrales puede influir positivamente en los costos de construcción y explotación de la vivienda en serie económica. Esto queda sintetizado en el supuesto de la investigación:En la medida en que el modelo de vivienda en serie aumente los criterios de sustentabilidad utilizados, incidirá positivamente en los indicadores socioeconómicos. Para la investigación se seleccionaron dos fraccionamientos de tamaño similar (64m2 de construcción y fueron evaluados aspectos cuantitativos como las características físicas de estos a través de planos, información documental, especificaciones y entrevista a los responsables del proyecto, como cualitativos a través de encuestas a los usuarios de las viviendas. Posterior a ello se tabularon los datos y se compararon los resultados. This research is a comparative case study, where it has been analyzed fractionation housing budget type with characteristics of sustainability as a central case and compared the resulting socioeconomic indicators fractionation with traditional construction features and equipment. The approach of this research due to the problem observed in the perception of the high cost of building sustainable housing and moreover the high cost and impact of energy during the period of operation in traditional housing and its social impact. The study seeks to demonstrate how developed using bioclimatic materials, proper guidance and the use of integrated building systems can positively influence the costs of construction and operation of housing in economic series. This is synthesized in the course of the research: To the extent that the housing model in series increase the sustainability criteria used will impact positively on socio-economic indicators. For the study, two divisions of similar size (64m2 built were selected and were evaluated quantitatively and the physical characteristics of these through drawings, documentary information, specifications and interview the project managers, and qualitative through surveys users homes. Subsequent to this the data were tabulated and the results compared.

  10. Nuevas tecnologías: nuevos medios, nuevos profesionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Virginia Luzón

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Asistimos a un proceso de innovaciones aceleradas de las tecnologías de información que está conduciendo a la eclosión de nuevos medios y servicios, que a su vez están generando multiplicidad de nuevas formas de comunicación. (Cebrián Herreros, M. 1994. Pág. 165. Internet, el correo electrónico y la televisión a la carta son algunos de estos nuevos medios y servicios que hoy están al alcance de los consumidores. Si bien las diferentes formas de comunicación han girado en torno a la tecnología, nunca como hasta ahora habían estado tan supeditadas a la actividad tecnológica. La tecnología no es sólo una herramienta de trabajo, pasa a ser un valor añadido en las cadenas de producción, es incluso información confidencial de los diferentes medios de comunicación que hacen de su tecnología un valor de importancia estratégica.

  11. Autoesquemas de ejercicio físico reportados por adultos mayores, Monterrey México Exercise Schema and Exercise Reported by Older Adults from the Metropolitan Area of Monterrey Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Guadalupe Soltero Rivera

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: explorar si los adultos mayores poseen esquemas relacionados con el ejercicio físico y si ello se refleja en su conducta, para examinar la posibilidad de que enfermería trabaje en torno a la reestructuración de ellos, dado que en Monterrey, México, todavía son escasos los adultos mayores que lo practican. Se inicia el estudio con esta hipótesis: los adultos mayores esquemáticos de ejercicio reportarían practicar ejercicio regular. Metodología: este estudio descriptivo comprendió 267 adultos mayores (109 hombres y 158 mujeres, seleccionados aleatoriamente de dos comunidades del área metropolitana de Monterrey, México, de febrero a septiembre de 2003. Resultados: las autodescripciones de 111 (41.57% participantes correspondieron a esquema de ejercicio, ellos reportaron caminar significativamente más tiempo semanal en comparación con los aesquemáticos y los no clasificados (Chi2 56.33, gl. 2, p Objective: to explore if older adults have physical exercise related self-schemas and if so it reflexes in their behavior, as an opportunity for nursing to work towards the restructuring of these schemas given that in Monterrey elders who exercise are scarce. It was hypothesized: exerciser schematic elders would report exercise regularly. Methodology: this descriptive study comprised of 267 older adults (109 men and 158 women, randomly selected from two communities from the metropolitan area of Monterrey México, from February to September 2003. Results: self descriptions of 111 (41.57% participants felt under the exercise self-schema category; they reported walking significantly more time compared with aschematic and non-classified participants (Chi2 56.33; gl.2, p<.001. 38% (100 exercised according to recommended time. Conclusions: older adults showed congruence between their self-schemas and self reported physical exercise. Exercise among this population is low. Strategies toward the development of self-schemas have the potential

  12. Nuevos enfoques en aprendizaje incremental

    OpenAIRE

    del Campo-Ávila, José

    2007-01-01

    Actualmente el volumen de datos que se genera en diferentes ámbitos es muy elevado, llegando incluso a ser difícil de almacenar. Realizar tareas de aprendizaje automático ante tal cantidad de información está provocando que sean necesarios nuevos algoritmos. En esta tesis se presentan distintas aportaciones en el ámbito del aprendizaje incremental, las cuales, fundamentalmente, están dirigidas a mejorarlo usando algoritmos basados en cotas de concentración y sistemas multiclasificadores.

  13. Hacia un Nuevo Paradigma Social

    OpenAIRE

    Barkin, David

    2013-01-01

    Las crisis que hoy padecemos son fruto de la forma centralizada de la acumulación de capital con importantes impactos sociales y ambientales negativos, resultado del paradigma dominante basado en la racionalidad del mercado. Para enfrentar esta coyuntura, se necesitan nuevos contratos sociales, aprovechando las aportaciones de las disciplinas de la economía social, solidaria y ecológica que están integrando una comprensión sensible de las experiencias de los muchos pueblos que ofrecen otras f...

  14. Ciencias sociales. Un nuevo momento

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina Puga

    2009-01-01

    El nuevo momento de las ciencias sociales conlleva una necesidad de renovar instrumentos teóricos, responder a las exigencias de una sociedad compleja y preparar a las nuevas generaciones de científicos sociales para que estén en la mejor capacidad de aplicar sus conocimientos. El trabajo intenta caracterizar los rasgos más importantes de esta nueva etapa para luego revisar aspectos del desarrollo de las disciplinas en México y de los elementos institucionales que han intervenido en la formac...

  15. Los nuevos movimientos sociales latinoamericanos

    OpenAIRE

    Emilia Brito Valdés

    2017-01-01

    Se definen los nuevos movimientos sociales latinoamericanos en la más reciente contemporaneidad a partir de cientistas sociales de talla internacional en la medida en se han presentado como los motores de la dinámica social. En el trabajo se identifican sus rasgos generales de cara a los desafíos del siglo XXI ante la pujanza del neoliberalismo y en franca oposición al saldo dejado por la modernidad capitalista. La metodología utilizada se basa en la dialéctica materialista para el análisis s...

  16. Alteraciones Producidas en los Escurrimientos Naturales por la Construcción de Vivienda en el área Metropolitana de Monterrey

    OpenAIRE

    Cárdenas Sperling, Odra M.

    2004-01-01

    El presente estudio se enfoca hacia el estudio de la alteración de los escurrimientos naturales que se produce por la construcción de la vivienda en el área Metropolitana de Monterrey (AMM), considerando el AMM como siete municipios: Apodaca, Escobedo, Guadalupe, Monterrey, San Nicolás, San Pedro y Santa Catarina. El problema consiste en la alteración de la cobertura vegetal de la cuenca debido al proceso de urbanización, mediante el uso predominante de superficies impermeables en la construc...

  17. Remagnetization in the Monterrey Salient (NE Mexico) and regional tecto-magnetic events in the Mexican Fold-Thrust Belt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemkin, S. R.; Chavez-Cabello, G.; Fitz-Diaz, E.; van der Pluijm, B.; Van Der Voo, R.

    2016-12-01

    In the 1980's, carbonate remagnetizations became widely recognized, with many units re-analyzed to examine these later magnetization events. In this study we focus on the Lower Cretaceous La Peña-Cupido formations transition from the Monterrey Salient in Northeast Mexico, at the external most part of the Mexican Fold-Thrust Belt in this area. The remagnetization observed is carried by single domain (SD) magnetite, resulting from chemical growth of magnetite in a range of superparamagnetic (SPM) to SD grain sizes. In order to determine the relative remagnetization age, local km-scale folds were sampled for paleomagnetic fold tests. The application resulted in 8 syn-folding (1 a regional test) and 4 pre-folding remagnetizations (1 a regional application). Syn-folding results are found in the N-S to NW-SE trending portion of the Monterrey Salient and pre-folding results in the E-W trending segment of the belt. By combining syn-folding results with Ar/Ar illite ages of folds, a remagnetization age of 51 + 4 Ma is obtained in folded limestone samples. Relatively strong ferrimagnetic signals from sites with syn-folding remagnetizations suggest that more magnetite growth occurred in these folds, as compared to pre-folding sites where paramagnetic and diamagnetic signals are more dominant. Based on the relative timing of remagnetization, deformation progressed from the SW to the NE in northern Mexican Fold-Thrust Belt. Prior results (Nemkin et al., 2015) from the central Sierra Madre Oriental, to the south, showed two remagnetization events; 77 Ma and 44 Ma from W to E. Based on the timing of remagnetization in the new study area, folding and remagnetization in the Monterrey Salient occurred in between these events to the south.

  18. An Overview of Mexico’s Medical Tourism Industry: The Cases of Mexico City and Monterrey. version 1.0

    OpenAIRE

    Núñez, Emanuel Orozco; Arias, Rosa María Bejarano; Martínez, Matilde Elizabeth Aguilar; Larios, José Arturo Ruiz; Crooks, Valorie; Labonté, Ronald; Snyder, Jeremy; Nigenda, Gustavo

    2014-01-01

    In this report we offer some general information on Mexico and its health system before going into detail about key developments in its medical tourism industry. Complementing the main text, nine Appendices provide additional detailed insights. Appendix 1 offers a synthesis of media coverage of medical tourism in Mexico City’s main newspapers in recent years, while Appendix 2 is a synthesis of media coverage of 2 | P a g e medical tourism in Monterrey. In Appendix 3 we share a summary of poli...

  19. Non-Governmental Organizations in Africa: The Leonenet Street Children Project in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, Samuel

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide snapshots of observations, interventions, and processes in the day to day working of a child charity in Sierra Leone. There were 114 local and 49 overseas funded Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Sierra Leone in 2002. The Leonenet Street Children Project was founded in 1996 by the membership of the…

  20. Assessment of Anemia Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors among Pregnant Women in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    M'Cormack, Fredanna A. D.; Drolet, Judy C.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia prevalence of pregnant Sierra Leone women currently is reported to be 59.7%. Anemia is considered to be a direct cause of 3-7% of maternal deaths and an indirect cause of 20-40% of maternal deaths. This study explores knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of urban pregnant Sierra Leone women regarding anemia.…

  1. Re-imaging the Modernity of Sierra Leone and Equatorial Guinea: Africa past and Africa present

    OpenAIRE

    Codling, Rosetta

    2011-01-01

    This paper engages the concept of the imposed Modernity of Europe upon the African republics of Sierra Leone and Equatorial Guinea. Evidence of the encroachment of a ‘false’ Modernity upon Africa’s Sierra Leone and Equatorial Guinea are chronicled in the works of Donato Ndongo (Shadows of Your Black Memory) and Syl Cheney Coker (The Last Harmattan of Alusine Dunbar).

  2. Ebola Virus Diagnostics: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Laboratory in Sierra Leone, August 2014 to March 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flint, Mike; Goodman, Christin H; Bearden, Scott; Blau, Dianna M; Amman, Brian R; Basile, Alison J; Belser, Jessica A; Bergeron, Éric; Bowen, Michael D; Brault, Aaron C; Campbell, Shelley; Chakrabarti, Ayan K; Dodd, Kimberly A; Erickson, Bobbie R; Freeman, Molly M; Gibbons, Aridth; Guerrero, Lisa W; Klena, John D; Lash, R Ryan; Lo, Michael K; McMullan, Laura K; Momoh, Gbetuwa; Massally, James L; Goba, Augustine; Paddock, Christopher D; Priestley, Rachael A; Pyle, Meredith; Rayfield, Mark; Russell, Brandy J; Salzer, Johanna S; Sanchez, Angela J; Schuh, Amy J; Sealy, Tara K; Steinau, Martin; Stoddard, Robyn A; Taboy, Céline; Turnsek, Maryann; Wang, David; Zemtsova, Galina E; Zivcec, Marko; Spiropoulou, Christina F; Ströher, Ute; Towner, Jonathan S; Nichol, Stuart T; Bird, Brian H

    2015-10-01

    In August 2014, the Viral Special Pathogens Branch of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention established a field laboratory in Sierra Leone in response to the ongoing Ebola virus outbreak. Through March 2015, this laboratory tested >12 000 specimens from throughout Sierra Leone. We describe the organization and procedures of the laboratory located in Bo, Sierra Leone.

  3. Characterizing Extrasolar Planets from Transit Light Curves obtained at the Universidad de Monterrey Observatory - Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdés Sada, Pedro

    2017-01-01

    At the Universidad de Monterrey Observatory (MPC 720) we have maintained a program for observing extrasolar planet transit light curves with telescopes of modest size and standard photometric filters since 2005. In our archives we have over 325 transits of over 70 known systems. Our goal is to combine individual transit light curves of the same system to increase the S/N of the data. We then analyze it together with the radial velocity information from the literature in order to confirm, improve or revise the main parameters that characterize the transiting system. It is important to continue observing these systems not only to improve and refine our understanding of them, but also to record any possible transient phenomenon and monitor for possible period changes, as reflected in the mid-transit times, due to the gravitational influence of additional planets in the system.In this second presentation we report our observations of 42 individual exoplanet transit light curves and the results from successfully combining six light curves for HAT-P-3 (Ic), twenty-one for TrES-3 (6 in V, 5 in Rc, 6 in Ic and 4 in z’), seven for XO-2 (Ic), four for XO-3 (Ic), and four for XO-4 (Ic). From these we then derive planet sizes (Rp/R*), orbital distances (a/R*) and orbital inclinations (i) for these systems. In most cases we confirm the parameters reported in the literature with similar uncertainties, validating our methodology. From our mid-transit times and those of the literature we do not find any statistically significant deviations from a fixed orbital period for these systems.

  4. Remote sensing estimation of isoprene and monoterpene emissions generated by natural vegetation in Monterrey, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gastelum, Sandra L; Mejía-Velázquez, G M; Lozano-García, D Fabián

    2016-06-01

    In addition to oxygen, hydrocarbons are the most reactive chemical compounds produced by plants into the atmosphere. These compounds are part of the family of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and are discharged in a great variety of forms. Among the VOCs produced by natural sources such as vegetation, the most studied until today are the isoprene and monoterpene. These substances can play an important role in the chemical balance of the atmosphere of a region. In this project, we develop a methodology to estimate the natural (vegetation) emission of isoprene and monoterpenes and applied it to the Monterrey Metropolitan Area, Mexico and its surrounding areas. Landsat-TM data was used to identify the dominant vegetation communities and field work to determine the foliage biomass density of key species. The studied communities were submontane scrub, oak, and pine forests and a combination of both. We carried out the estimation of emissions for isoprene and monoterpenes compounds in the different plant communities, with two different criteria: (1) taking into account the average foliage biomass density obtained from the various sample point in each vegetation community, and (2) using the foliage biomass density obtained for each transect, associated to an individual spectral class within a particular vegetation type. With this information, we obtained emission maps for each case. The results show that the main producers of isoprene are the communities that include species of the genus Quercus, located mainly on the Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra de Picachos, with average isoprene emissions of 314.6 ton/day and 207.3 ton/day for the two methods utilized. The higher estimates of monoterpenes were found in the submontane scrub areas distributed along the valley of the metropolitan zone, with an estimated average emissions of 47.1 ton/day and 181.4 tons for the two methods respectively.

  5. REMEDIATION OF LEON WATER FLOOD, BUTLER COUNTY, KANSAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M.L. Korphage; Kelly Kindscher; Bruce G. Langhus

    2001-11-26

    The Leon Water Flood site has undergone one season of soil amendments and growth of specialized plants meant to colonize and accelerate the remediation of the salt-impacted site. The researchers characterized the impacted soil as to chemistry, added soil amendments, and planted several species of seedlings, and seeded the scarred areas. After the first growing season, the surface soil was again characterized and groundcover was also characterized. While plant growth was quite meager across the area, soil chemistry did improve over most of the two scars.

  6. Sierra Leone After the War : Reconstruction, Aid and Corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Camara, Pa Musa

    2012-01-01

    Investors have stayed away from the African continent for a very long time and rightfully so. The continent is fraught with civil unrest from Somalia to Sudan, from Libya to Democratic Republic of Congo. Most of the countries that are experiencing civil unrests are resource-rich nations. This gives credence to the concept of ‘resource curse’ for resource-rich nations. Sierra Leone is no exception, having suffered an eleven-year long civil war, from 1991 to 2002, causing major setbacks for the...

  7. Explorando nuevos horizontes en NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villanueva, G. L.

    A pesar de la incesante expansión del Universo iniciada con el Big Bang 14 mil millones de años atrás, nuestro Universo se siente cada día más cercano. La inquebrantable vocación de la humanidad por descubrir nuevos horizontes ha permitido el acercamiento de civilizaciones en nuestro planeta y nos ha permitido conocer nuestro lugar en el Universo como nunca antes. En este artículo presento una breve sinopsis de nuestro trabajo que se relaciona con diversas investigaciones con implicaciones astrobiológicas, desde el origen de los ingredientes de la "sopa de la vida", hasta la evolución y composición de la atmósfera de Marte.

  8. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volume X.- Castilla-Leon (a): Leon, Zamora and Salamanca; Base de datos de propiedades edafologicas de los suelos espanoles. volumen X. Castilla-Leon (a): Leon, Zamora y Salamanca

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Lago, C. [CIEMAT. Madrid (Spain); Roquero, C.; Magister, M. [UPM. Madrid (Spain)

    1999-09-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the provinces of Leon, Zamora and Salamanca of the Comunidad Autonoma de Castilla-Leon. (Author)

  9. ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA Y GÉNERO: UN ESTUDIO COMPARATIVO ENTRE LOS JÓVENES DE MONTERREY, MÉXICO Y ZARAGOZA, ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrola

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del estudio es comparar el gasto energético medio y los niveles de actividad física entre los jóvenes de Monterrey, México y Zaragoza, España; considerando variables como género, tipo de escuela y momento de la semana (jornada escolar o fin de semana. Métodología: estudiantes adolescentes de 12 a 17 años, pertenecientes a las escuelas públicas y privadas de la ciudad de Monterrey (N= 396 y Zaragoza (N= 394. Se utilizó el cuestionario Four by one-day physical activity questionnaire con una fiabilidad de .89, realizado con un test-retest por su adaptación de formato. Resultados: existe tanto en Zaragoza como en Monterrey un número importante de escolares con bajos niveles de actividad física. Casi la mitad de los escolares se han tipificado como inactivos y muy inactivos. El gasto energético fue muy similar 37.52 kcal/kg/día ± 2.12 para Zaragoza y 37.66 kcal/kg/día ± 2.95 para Monterrey, en las dos ciudades señaladas. Conclusiones: en cuanto al género los hombres presentan mayores niveles de actividad física que las mujeres dato que coincide con la mayoría de los estudios. Los escolares realizan mayor nivel de actividad física durante la jornada escolar que en los fines de semana. Por un lado, obtuvieron un mayor gasto energético los hombres que estudian en las escuelas privadas de Zaragoza y por otro lado, las mujeres de escuelas públicas de Monterrey.

  10. A LEON2&3 Emulation Board Qualified for Space Programs Based on Reusable Building Blocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caleno, Mauro; Quere, Gregory; Chenu, Xavier

    2014-08-01

    ESA/ESTEC has granted Airbus Defense and Space a study for the development of a versatile LEON2 and LEON3 emulation board hosted on a COTS FPGA board.The LEON Emulation Board (LEB) is a component for System Simulators used as Software Validation Facilities and Operational Simulators. It is an alternative to the full software simulation of the LEON processor; additionally, because it embeds the actual VHDL of the LEON processor, it is fully representative and delivers a performance higher than the instruction-set software simulators.The LEB enables simulating in software the functions of Systems on Chip not already embedded in the LEB. It is available in 3 configurations for the LEON2 FT and the LEON3. Moreover, as it is built around a set of reusable simulation building blocks (VHDL + software driver), it can easily be reassembled to emulate more accurately different Systems on Chips (SoC).This paper presents the key functions of the LEB, its performance, applications and potential future developments.

  11. Chemical characterization and factor analysis of PM2.5 in two sites of Monterrey, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Marco A; Caballero, Porfirio; Carrillo, Olivia; Mendoza, Alberto; Mejia, Gerardo Manuel

    2012-07-01

    The Monterrey Metropolitan Area (MMA) has shown a high concentration of PM2.5 in its atmosphere since 2003. The contribution of possible sources of primary PM2.5 and its precursors is not known. In this paper we present the results of analyzing the chemical composition of sixty 24-hr samples of PM2.5 to determine possible sources of PM2.5 in the MMA. The samples were collected at the northeast and southeast of the MMA between November 22 and December 12, 2007, using low-volume devices. Teflon and quartz filters were used to collect the samples. The concentrations of 16 airborne trace elements were determined using x-ray fluorescence (XRF). Anions and cations were determined using ion chromatography. Organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) were determined by thermal optical analysis. The results show that Ca had the maximum mean concentration of all elements studied, followed by S. Enrichment factors above 50 were calculated for S, Cl, Cu, Zn, Br and Pb. This indicates that these elements may come from anthropogenic sources. Overall, the major average components of PM2.5 were OC (41.7%), SO4(2-) (22.9%), EC (7.4%), crustal material (11.4%), and NO3- (12.6%), which altogether accounted for 96% of the mass. Statistically, we did not find any difference in SO4(2-) concentrations between the two sites. The fraction of secondary organic carbon was between 24% and 34%. The results of the factor analysis performed over 10 metals and OC and EC show that there are three main sources of PM2.5: crustal material and vehicle exhaust; industrial activity; and fuel oil burning. The results show that SO4(2-), OC, and crustal material are important components of PM2.5 in MMA. Further work is necessary to evaluate the proportion of secondary inorganic and organic aerosol in order to have a better understanding of the sources and precursors of aerosols in the MMA.

  12. Organic composition and source apportionment of fine aerosol at Monterrey, Mexico, based on organic markers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancilla, Y.; Mendoza, A.; Fraser, M. P.; Herckes, P.

    2016-01-01

    Primary emissions from anthropogenic and biogenic sources as well as secondary formation are responsible for the pollution levels of ambient air in major urban areas. These sources release fine particles into the air that negatively impact human health and the environment. Organic molecular markers, which are compounds that are unique to specific PM2.5 sources, can be utilized to identify the major emission sources in urban areas. In this study, 43 representative PM2.5 samples, for both daytime and nighttime periods, were built from individual samples collected in an urban site of the Monterrey metropolitan area (MMA) during the spring and fall of 2011 and 2012. The samples were analyzed for organic carbon, elemental carbon, and organic molecular markers. Several diagnostic tools were employed for the preliminary identification of emission sources. Organic compounds for eight compound classes were quantified. The n-alkanoic acids were the most abundant, followed by n-alkanes, wood smoke markers, and levoglucosan/alkenoic acids. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and hopanes were less abundant. The carbon preference index (0.7-2.6) for n-alkanes indicates a major contribution of anthropogenic and mixed sources during the fall and the spring, respectively. Hopanes levels confirmed the contribution from gasoline and diesel engines. In addition, the contribution of gasoline and diesel vehicle exhaust was confirmed and identified by the PAH concentrations in PM2.5. Diagnostic ratios of PAHs showed emissions from burning coal, wood, biomass, and other fossil fuels. The total PAHs and elemental carbon were correlated (r2 = 0.39-0.70) across the monitoring periods, reinforcing that motor vehicles are the major contributors of PAHs. Cholesterol levels remained constant during the spring and fall, showing evidence of the contribution of meat-cooking operations, while the isolated concentrations of levoglucosan suggested occasional biomass burning events. Finally, source

  13. Chemical characterization of fine organic aerosol for source apportionment at Monterrey, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Mancilla

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Primary emissions from anthropogenic and biogenic sources as well as secondary formation are responsible for the pollution levels of ambient air in major urban areas. These sources release fine particles into the air that negatively impact human health and the environment. Organic molecular markers, which are compounds that are unique to specific PM2.5 sources, can be utilized to identify the major emission sources in urban areas. In this study, 43 representative PM2.5 samples, for both daytime and nighttime periods, were built from individual samples collected in an urban site of the Monterrey Metropolitan Area (MMA during the spring and fall of 2011 and 2012. The samples were analyzed for organic carbon, elemental carbon, and organic molecular markers. Several diagnostic tools were employed for the preliminary identification of emission sources. Organic compounds for eight compound classes were quantified. The n-alkanoic acids were the most abundant, followed by n-alkanes, wood smoke markers, and levoglucosan/alkenoic acids. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs and hopanes were less abundant. The carbon preference index (0.7–2.6 for n-alkanes indicate a major contribution of anthropogenic and mixed sources during the fall and the spring, respectively. Hopanes levels confirmed the contribution from gasoline and diesel engines. In addition, the contribution of gasoline and diesel vehicle exhaust was confirmed and identified by the PAH concentrations in PM2.5. Diagnostic ratios of PAH showed emissions from burning coal, wood, biomass, and other fossil fuels. The total PAH and elemental carbon (EC were correlated (r2 = 0.39–0.70 across the monitoring periods, reinforcing that motor vehicles are the major contributors of PAH. Cholesterol levels remained constant during the spring and fall, showing evidence of the contribution of meat cooking operations, while the isolated concentrations of levoglucosan suggested occasional biomass burning

  14. Maintenance Support of a Field Station in Sierra Leone, West Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-04

    AD-A279 136 ARMY PROJECT ORDER NO: 91PP1801 TITLE: MAINTENANCE SUPPORT OF A FIELD STATION IN SIERRA LEONE , WEST AFRICA PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Brian...SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Maintenance Support of a Field Station in Army Project Order Sierra Leone , West Africa 91PP1801 6. AUTHOR(S) Brian W.J. Mahy...Detrick Frederick, Maryland 21702-5012 11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Subtitle: Maintenance Support of a FiLd Station in Sierra Leone , West Africa for Lassa

  15. Culex Verutus, a New Species of the Subgenus Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) from Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    216 Cu7ex verutus, a new species of the subgenu s1 Cu7ex (Diptera: Culicidae) from Sierra Leone Ralph E. Harbach’ Walter Reed Biosystematics...sp. from Sierra Leone are described and illus- trated. The new species is compared to other members of the guiarti group. This paper describes a...new species of Cu7ex collected in Sierra Leone by Dr. Yiau-Min Huang and Mr. James Pecor during field studies conducted in 1984. The species has been

  16. Los nuevos movimientos sociales latinoamericanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Brito Valdés

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Se definen los nuevos movimientos sociales latinoamericanos en la más reciente contemporaneidad a partir de cientistas sociales de talla internacional en la medida en se han presentado como los motores de la dinámica social. En el trabajo se identifican sus rasgos generales de cara a los desafíos del siglo XXI ante la pujanza del neoliberalismo y en franca oposición al saldo dejado por la modernidad capitalista. La metodología utilizada se basa en la dialéctica materialista para el análisis social, la historia del presente y el análisis del discurso. La investigación brinda un estudio teórico para la comprensión de la dinámica social en la región a partir del papel de los movimientos sociales, una herramienta útil en manos de los profesores y los estudiantes de la ELAM, así como para otros interesados en el tema. Los resultados alcanzados confirman que los movimientos sociales constituyen importantes actores colectivos en América Latina, incluso como sujetos de cambio.

  17. Nuevo León

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Nelly Medellín Mendoza

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo analiza la transición política nuevoleonesa a partir de un contexto de liberalización política. En Nuevo León el régimen político autoritario fue cediendo en el plano electoral, dada la presión que conjuntamente la sociedad política y la sociedad civil ejercieron por lograr reglas democráticas. Este avance gradual permitió garantizar un organismo electoral confiable y que determinó en buena medida la garantía de la alternancia en 1997. El pan fue el partido que capitalizó el bono democrático, pero una vez en la responsabilidad de gobierno, no pudo ampliar el proceso de liberalización política al mediatizar las reformas electorales y no comprometerse para sacar del atolladero legislativo las iniciativas que garantizaban mecanismos de participación ciudadana: referéndum y plebiscito.

  18. Los probables yo en relación a salud percibida por un grupo de ancianos de Monterrey, México Possible selves and perceived health by a group of elders in Monterrey, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Abigail Hilario Castillo

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: conocer la relación entre los probables yo (esperanzas y temores y las acciones expresadas por un grupo de ancianos del área metropolitana de Monterrey, México y su salud percibida. Metodología: diseño descriptivo; con 80 ancianos viviendo en la comunidad, edad promedio de 70.59 ± 6.82 años. Se aplicó el Examen Breve del Estado Mental como prueba filtro, el cuestionario de salud SF-12 y cinco preguntas semiestructuradas para conocer esperanzas y temores generales y acciones. Resultados: el 96.3% exteriorizó al menos una esperanza en salud, 81.4% al menos un temor en salud, el 56.4% indicó realizar una acción para evitar que sus temores en salud se presenten. La salud se asoció con acciones para el logro de esperanzas (r s=.279, pObjective: to know the relation between possible selves (hopes and fears and actions expressed by a group of elders from a metropolitan area of Monterrey, Mexico and their perceived health. Methods: descriptive design; with 80 community dwelling elders with mean age 70.59 ± 6.82 years old. It was applied to the Mini mental State Examination as a screening test, the SF-12 questionnaire and five semi structured questions inquiring about their general hopes, fears and related actions. Results: at least one health related hope and one fear was identified by 96.3% and 81.4% respectively. At least one action to avoid fears coming true was mentioned by 56.4%. Perceived health was related to actions to pursue hopes (r s=.279, p< .05, and to avoid health fears (r s=.242, p< .05. Conclusions: no relation was found between possible selves and perceived health, in contrast both actions to purse hopes and to avoid fears were significant related to better health.

  19. Ebola Virus Disease in Children, Sierra Leone, 2014–2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naveed, Asad; Wing, Kevin; Gbessay, Musa; Ross, J.C.G.; Checchi, Francesco; Youkee, Daniel; Jalloh, Mohammed Boie; Baion, David; Mustapha, Ayeshatu; Jah, Hawanatu; Lako, Sandra; Oza, Shefali; Boufkhed, Sabah; Feury, Reynold; Bielicki, Julia A.; Gibb, Diana M.; Klein, Nigel; Sahr, Foday; Yeung, Shunmay

    2016-01-01

    Little is known about potentially modifiable factors in Ebola virus disease in children. We undertook a retrospective cohort study of children Ebola holding units in the Western Area, Sierra Leone, during 2014–2015 to identify factors affecting outcome. Primary outcome was death or discharge after transfer to Ebola treatment centers. All 309 Ebola virus–positive children 2 days–12 years old were included; outcomes were available for 282 (91%). Case-fatality was 57%, and 55% of deaths occurred in Ebola holding units. Blood test results showed hypoglycemia and hepatic/renal dysfunction. Death occurred swiftly (median 3 days after admission) and was associated with younger age and diarrhea. Despite triangulation of information from multiple sources, data availability was limited, and we identified no modifiable factors substantially affecting death. In future Ebola virus disease epidemics, robust, rapid data collection is vital to determine effectiveness of interventions for children. PMID:27649367

  20. Ravenscar Computational Model compliant AADL Simulation on LEON2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Varona-Gómez

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available AADL has been proposed for designing and analyzing SW and HW architectures for real-time mission-critical embedded systems. Although the Behavioral Annex improves its simulation semantics, AADL is a language for analyzing architectures and not for simulating them. AADS-T is an AADL simulation tool that supports the performance analysis of the AADL specification throughout the refinement process from the initial system architecture until the complete, detailed application and execution platform are developed. In this way, AADS-T enables the verification of the initial timing constraints during the complete design process. In this paper we focus on the compatibility of AADS-T with the Ravenscar Computational Model (RCM as part of the TASTE toolset. Its flexibility enables AADS-T to support different processors. In this work we have focused on performing the simulation on a LEON2 processor.

  1. Autour de l’œuvre de Herbert Leon Kessler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Russo

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Une journée d’étude est prévue sur l’œuvre de Herbert Leon Kessler, professeur à John Hopkins University, Baltimore (U.S.A., Fellow de la Medieval Academy of America (1991 et de l’American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1995.En prenant pour point de départ l’ensemble de ses travaux, thèse, études plus précises sur des périodes de l’histoire de l’art médiéval, essais théoriques, nous ferons le point sur les grands courants historiographiques auxquels se rattache Herbert L. Kessler, qui fut l...

  2. Enteric fever in a British soldier from Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Lucy G; Brown, M; Bailey, M S

    2016-06-01

    Enteric fever (typhoid and paratyphoid) remains a threat to British troops overseas and causes significant morbidity and mortality. We report the case of a soldier who developed typhoid despite appropriate vaccination and field hygiene measures, which began 23 days after returning from a deployment in Sierra Leone. The incubation period was longer than average, symptoms started 2 days after stopping doxycycline for malaria chemoprophylaxis and initial blood cultures were negative. The Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi eventually isolated was resistant to amoxicillin, co-amoxiclav, co-trimoxazole and nalidixic acid and had reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin. He was successfully treated with ceftriaxone followed by azithromycin, but 1 month later he remained fatigued and unable to work. The clinical and laboratory features of enteric fever are non-specific and the diagnosis should be considered in troops returning from an endemic area with a febrile illness. Multiple blood cultures and referral to a specialist unit may be required.

  3. A comparative approach to the economic participation of older adults: the case of the city of Monterrey and Mexico State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl E. López

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The issue of economic participation of over 65 years in Mexico has attracted particular interest due mainly to high rates of participation that holds this age group. Most national and regional research agrees that the social protection system is a key determinant for the decision to participate or not in the labor market by older adults. However, the comparison of different scenarios is not yet widely used practice in this area and do not know deeply the dynamics of this phenomenon. Using two different data sources, this paper intends to compare the employment status of older adults in the state of Mexico and Monterrey, with the ultimate aim of inquiring about the specifics of the phenomenon.

  4. Regularización y derecho a la vivienda: Un caso del área metropolitana de Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yenisey VALLES ACOSTA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La vía del Estado mexicano para hacer cumplir el derecho a la vivienda de los habitantes de asentamientos irregulares es la regularización de la tenencia de la tierra; sin embargo, en una investigación efectuada en un asentamiento del área metropolitana de Monterrey, se en - contró que las prácticas ciudadanas más efectivas para impulsar la regularización fueron los i ntercambios clientelares con las autoridades. Se concluye que el derecho a la vivienda debe contemplar aspectos políticos, pues su cumplimiento queda condicionado a las prácticas del régimen, todavía con fuertes tendencias populistas en el caso mexicano.

  5. Caracterización del consumidor de la carne de pollo en el área metropolitana de Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elías Alvarado Lagunas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los resultados de una caracterización del consumidor de carne de pollo en el área metropolitana de Monterrey, efectuada mediante el uso del algoritmo chaid, que permite segmentar las variables por estudiar y realizar pruebas de asociación entre ellas aplicando la distribución Chi-cuadrada. La información se obtuvo de una encuesta semiestructurada; entre los principales resultados arrojó que el ingreso y el consumo están correlacionados positivamente con las preferencias del corte de la carne, el tipo de servicio integrado que se ofrece y el expendio donde se vende. La característica primordial de los consumidores es que sus ingresos son menores de veinte mil pesos, y que demandan carne de seis a quince veces por mes.

  6. Notes from The Field: Ebola Virus Disease Cluster - Northern Sierra Leone, January 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpren, Charles; Sloan, Michelle; Boegler, Karen A; Martin, Daniel W; Ervin, Elizabeth; Washburn, Faith; Rickert, Regan; Singh, Tushar; Redd, John T

    2016-07-08

    On January 14, 2016, the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation was notified that a buccal swab collected on January 12 from a deceased female aged 22 years (patient A) in Tonkolili District had tested positive for Ebola virus by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The most recent case of Ebola virus disease (Ebola) in Sierra Leone had been reported 4 months earlier on September 13, 2015 (1), and the World Health Organization had declared the end of Ebola virus transmission in Sierra Leone on November 7, 2015 (2). The Government of Sierra Leone launched a response to prevent further transmission of Ebola virus by identifying contacts of the decedent and monitoring them for Ebola signs and symptoms, ensuring timely treatment for anyone with Ebola, and conducting an epidemiologic investigation to identify the source of infection.

  7. 'Ah lef ma case fo God' : faith and agency in Sierra Leone's postwar reconciliation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Millar, G.M.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a qualitative ethnographic analysis of local experiences of truth-telling performances within Sierra Leone's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Whereas proponents of truth commissions claim that such processes promote postwar reconciliation, this study found that local

  8. Management of rice seed during insurgency : a case study in Sierra Leone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mokuwa, G.A.

    2015-01-01

    Keywords: Technography, Oryza glaberrima,  Oryza sativa, farmer hybrids, sub-optimal agriculture, farmer adaptive management, plant genetic resources, peace and extreme (wartime) conditions, local seed channels, selection for robustness, Sierra Leone, West Africa. Abstract Moku

  9. Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research Vol. 2 (1) pp. 70-74 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-06-15

    Jun 15, 2010 ... 1Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Osun State University, ... function parameters in malaria patients in Freetown, Sierra Leone. ..... Message From Genetic Diversity (2nd Edition).

  10. 还有一个会跑的 SEAT Leon Cup Racer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    西亚特除了发布Leon ST外,还发布了一款相当会跑的Leon Cup Racer。Racer与上面的ST不同,是赛道专属品,当然原型车还是5门款的Leon,但性能已经与量产版不可同日而语。

  11. Childhood and Poverty in Leon in the Modern Period: Institutional Responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Martín García

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is to analyze the different kinds of assistance to the childhood poor and abandoned in Leon (Spain during the Modern Age. We will study the evolution of the child´s image from the medieval conception, very influenced for the Christian thinking, to the utilitarian doctrine of the 18th century. Also, we will analyze the institutions of Leon that helped to the vulnerable children.

  12. An investigation into the new emerging social sub group of professional Muslim women in Sierra Leone

    OpenAIRE

    Taqi, Fatmatta, B.

    2010-01-01

    Sierra Leone is in transition to peace and development, from a previous decade long civil war. Educated Muslim women appear to have a great deal of expression, interest and passion to offer the process. The study investigates the new emerging social sub group of professional Muslim women in Sierra Leone society and explores their views and experiences of identifying and attempting to overcome the burdens of patriarchy, oppression and exploitation perpetrated by religious, social and cultural ...

  13. Prevalencia de Trastornos de Sueño en Relación con Factores Sociodemográficos y Depresión en Adultos Mayores de Monterrey, México/Prevalence of Sleep Disorders in Relation to Socio-Demographic Factors and Depression in Senior Citizens of Monterrey, Mexico/Prevalência de Transtornos do Sono com relação a Fatores Sociodemográficos e Depressão em Idosos de Monterrey, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnoldo Téllez

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La prevalencia de síntomas de trastornos, calidad de sueño y depresión se evaluó en 313 adultos mayores en la ciudad de Monterrey, México con el Cuestionario de Trastornos de Sueño Monterrey, el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh y la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica de Yesavage. Los resultados indicaron que los adultos mayores presentaron 50% ronquido, 24% piernas inquietas e insomnio, 44.1% mala calidad de sueño, y 62% síntomas de depresión. Los trastornos de sueño son los que más afectan la calidad de sueño en esta población, por lo que es importante la detección y tratamiento de estos trastornos en los adultos mayores.

  14. Prevalencia de Trastornos de Sueño en Relación con Factores Sociodemográficos y Depresión en Adultos Mayores de Monterrey, México/Prevalence of Sleep Disorders in Relation to Socio-Demographic Factors and Depression in Senior Citizens of Monterrey, Mexico/Prevalência de Transtornos do Sono com relação a Fatores Sociodemográficos e Depressão em Idosos de Monterrey, México

    OpenAIRE

    Arnoldo Téllez; Dehisy Marisol Juárez-García; Leticia Jaime-Bernal; Cirilo García-Cadena

    2016-01-01

    La prevalencia de síntomas de trastornos, calidad de sueño y depresión se evaluó en 313 adultos mayores en la ciudad de Monterrey, México con el Cuestionario de Trastornos de Sueño Monterrey, el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh y la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica de Yesavage. Los resultados indicaron que los adultos mayores presentaron 50% ronquido, 24% piernas inquietas e insomnio, 44.1% mala calidad de sueño, y 62% síntomas de depresión. Los trastornos de sueño son los que más a...

  15. Las esculturas encargadas por Carlos V a Leone Leoni en 1549 y su acabado en España por Pompeo Leoni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arciniega García, Luis

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In Brussels in 1549 Charles V commissioned four bronze and four marble sculptures from Leone Leoni, to which were added new orders. The sculptor worked on them, especially the bronzes, in Milan, and they were shipped to Spain along with other works at the time of the arrival of the Emperor and the Court. This article discusses the history and evolution of the marbles and a bust (Prado Museum: E-260, E-262, E-267, E-269, E-291, which were sent from Genoa to Cartagena, where they remained until 1568. After years of neglect, Pompeo Leoni was commissioned to arrange for their transfer to his house in Madrid along with Juan de Lugano, artist and dealer in marbles, where Pompeo finished most of these works.En Bruselas en 1549 Carlos V encargó al escultor Leone Leoni cuatro bronces y cuatro mármoles, a los que se añadieron nuevos encargos. Trabajados en Milán, los primeros, junto a otras obras, llegaron a España con la venida del emperador y la corte. En este artículo se analiza el devenir de los mármoles y un busto (Museo del Prado, E-260, E-262, E-267, E-269, E-291, que se enviaron desde Génova a Cartagena, donde permanecieron hasta 1568. Después de años de olvido Pompeo Leoni fue encargado de concertar su traslado hasta su casa en Madrid con Juan de Lugano, artista y empresario del mármol. Pompeo finalizó la mayoría de estas obras.

  16. O Fundo Preto - Uma análise do Documentário Imagens do Inconsciente, de Leon Hirszman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Vadico

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Images of the Unconscious, by Leon Hirszman, produced between1983 and 1985,came from a great cooperative work between Leon Hirszmanand the psychoanalyst Jung Nise da Silveira, and comprises three related parts. This analysis will focus on a resource used to show the several paintings throughout the documentary, the black screen. As this article will show, this instrument is a contribution from Leon Hirshman to the psychoanalytic work.

  17. Transitioning from a U.N. Observer Mission to a Robust Peacekeeping Operation: Lessons from Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    U.N.CHAPTER VI OBSERVER MISSION TO A ROBUST PEACEKEEPING OPERATION: LESSONS FROM SIERRA LEONE 9. Personal Authors: Peter V. Londono, CIV 10.Type of...necessarily endorsed by the NWC or the Department of the Navy. 14. Ten key words that relate to your paper: Peacekeeping, U.N., Sierra Leone , UNOMSIL...UNAMSIL, RUF, Peace Enforcement, Operation Relief Focus, ECOWAS, ECOMOG 15.Abstract: U.N. peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone have special

  18. Ponce de Leon Inlet, Florida, Site Investigation Report 1, Selected Portions of Long-Term Measurements, 1995-1997.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    Technical Report CHL-99-1 January 1999 US Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station Coastal Inlets Research Program Ponce de Leon ...Report CHL-99-1 Research Program January 1999 Ponce de Leon Inlet, Florida, Site Investigation Report 1 Selected Portions of Long-Term Measurements...AREA OF RESERVAT«» • J?s»lon Waterways Experiment Station Cataloging-in-Publication Data Ponce de Leon Inlet, Florida, site investigation. Report

  19. Formation of post-fire water-repellent layers in Monterrey pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) plantations in south-central Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    P. Garcia-Chevesich; R. Pizarro; C. L. Stropki; P. Ramirez de Arellano; P. F. Ffolliott; L. F. DeBano; Dan Neary; D. C. Slack

    2010-01-01

    A wildfire burned about 15,000 ha of Monterrey Pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) plantations near Yungay, Chile, in January of 2007. Post-fire water repellency (hydrophobicity) was measured using the water-drop-penetration-time (WDPT) method at depths of 0, 5, and 10 mm from the soil surface. These measurements were collected on burned sites of both young (4-years old) and...

  20. Ethnobotany in Rayones, Nuevo León, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estrada-Castillón, Eduardo; Garza-López, Miriam; Villarreal-Quintanilla, José Ángel; Salinas-Rodríguez, María Magdalena; Soto-Mata, Brianda Elizabeth; González-Rodríguez, Humberto; González-Uribe, Dino Ulises; Cantú-Silva, Israel; Carrillo-Parra, Artemio; Cantú-Ayala, César

    2014-09-01

    Trough collections of plants and interviews with 110 individuals, an ethnobotanical study was conducted in order to determine the knowledge and use plant species in Rayones, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The aim of this study was to record all useful plants and their uses, to know whether differences exist in the knowledge about the number of species and uses between women and men, and to know if there is a correlation between the age of individuals and knowledge of species and their uses. A total of 110 persons were interviewed (56 men, 56 women). Semistructured interviews were carried out. The data were analyzed by means of Student t test and the Pearson Correlation Coeficient. A total of 252 species, 228 genera and 91 families of vascular plants were recorded. Astraceae, Fabaceae and are the most important families with useful species and Agave and Opuntia are the genera with the highest number of useful species. One hundred and thirty six species are considered as medicinal. Agave, Acacia and Citrus are the genera with the highest number of medicinal species. Other uses includes edible, spiritual rituals, construction and ornamentals. There was a non-significant correlation between the person's age and number of species, but a significant very low negative correlation between the person's age and number of uses was found. Knowing their medicinal uses is an important issue for the people of Rayones. Boiling and preparing infusions are the main ways of using plants by residents. The leaves, the branches, and the fruits are the most commonly used parts. Almost 18% of the flora is used for wood and construction purposes. Several uses such as cosmetic, shampoo, firming skin tonics and health hair products recorded in Rayones has not been reported for other areas in the state of Nuevo León. In Rayones, women have a greater knowledge about plants and their uses than men, particularly, medicinal plants, but, men have a greater knowledge about wood and construction species.

  1. El terrorismo: ¿nuevo actor internacional?

    OpenAIRE

    Zeraoui, Zidane

    2002-01-01

    Los cambios mundiales desde el fin de la bipolaridad y la caída de la Unión Soviética han conllevando a la aparición de nuevos actores en el escenario internacional. El enfoque estatocéntrico hegemónico durante la Guerra Fría en las teorías realistas e idealistas está cediendo espacio a la pluralidad paradigmática que reconoce la emergencia de los nuevos entes. Además de los Estados, de las organizaciones tanto gubernamentales como no gubernamentales, de los organismos internacionales y de...

  2. [Teaching-inservice integration in primary care. Experience of the Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, M A; Espinoza de Benavides, S; Rodríguez Aguilar, L; Martínez Maldonado, J M

    1988-01-01

    This paper presents the reasons which justify the need to integrate teaching in-service and health care delivery in nursing, and the mechanisms to achieve efficiency in health programs. In 1976 the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon (Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León), as an educational and training center and as a means for scientific and humanistic endeavor to foster the development of the community it serves, began a joint experimental project with the health sector, by means of the Guadalupe Health Program and the Nursing Development Program, with the participation of the Schools of Medicine, Nursing and Dentistry. Special importance is attached to the objectives and organization of these nursing programs, the teaching in-service methodology, and the functions and responsibilities of teachers, students and support staff. The achievements of eleven years of work are reported.

  3. Exposición a humo de tabaco ajeno en lugares públicos de la Ciudad de México, Guadalajara y Monterrey Tobacco smoke exposure in public places in Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Cuantificar la exposición al humo de tabaco ajeno (HTA en lugares públicos de México, con el fin de impulsar políticas locales de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco. Material y métodos. Se monitoreó aleatoriamente 20% de las áreas interiores de hospitales, escuelas y oficinas públicas de Monterrey, Guadalajara y la Ciudad de México. La concentración mediana de nicotina ambiental fue estimada por ciudad, tipo de espacio público y área interior. Resultados. La concentración mediana en los espacios donde se detectó nicotina fue de 0.06 µg/m3 (P25=0.03, P75=0.12 µg/m3, las mayores concentraciones se obtuvieron en la Ciudad de México y en las oficinas públicas. No se detectó nicotina en 75% de los espacios monitoreados. Conclusiones. El monitoreo ambiental de nicotina es una herramienta útil para fortalecer la implementación y evaluar el cumplimiento de la política de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco.Objective. To quantify environmental tobacco smoke exposure in public places in Mexico to promote policies of 100% smoke-free environments. Materials and Methods. In hospitals, schools and public offices of Monterrey, Guadalajara and Mexico City 20% of inner areas were monitored. Median nicotine concentrations were estimated by city, type of public space and type of inner area. Results. Median concentration in areas where nicotine was detected was 0.06 µg/m3 (P25=0.03, P75=0.12 µg/m3. Higher concentrations were found in Mexico City and in public offices. Nicotine was not detected in 75% of monitored areas. Conclusions. Monitoring environmental nicotine is a useful tool to evaluate compliance of public places with the smoke-free environments legislation, and could constitute an important source of information to strengthen implementation efforts.

  4. Electrocardiographic parameters in the clinically healthy Zamorano-leones donkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escudero, Andrés; González, José R; Benedito, José L; Prieto, Felipe R; Ayala, Ignacio

    2009-12-01

    Limited information exists regarding electrocardiographic parameters in clinically healthy donkeys. The study was carried out in 75 healthy adult animals (40 females and 35 males) using the Einthoven standard II and base-apex leads. The P wave showed usually a bifid shape deflection. The QRS complex of the donkeys appeared in several forms: QR and R were the most frequent in limb lead II, and QS and QR in the base-apex lead. Most T waves presented a simple negative configuration in lead II and biphasic shape in the base-apex one. Mean heart rate value was 52 beats per minute. The direction of the QRS vector in lead II had a mean value of 91.4 degrees. We observed a lack of detected arrhythmias. Statistically significant differences were observed between sexes for several parameters. The electrocardiogram of Zamorano-leones donkey differs in several duration, amplitude and morphologic parameters from that of several breeds of horses and donkeys. This fact justifies obtaining values for a specific breed against which to compare values for the same breed.

  5. Straining: Young Men Working through Waithood in Freetown, Sierra Leone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandon Finn

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Young men in precarious situations of persistent un(deremployment in post-civil war Freetown, Sierra Leone are depicted in popular and policy debate as “stuck” economically or “dangerous” and prone to violence. In the present paper, by contrast, we draw on young men’s explanations of their work and livelihood struggles as “straining.” We explore the logic of straining, its innovations and demands, and its geography across the city, especially where acts of straining interface with the prohibition and criminalisation of informal trading. We argue that straining innovates and endures because of (not despite young men’s marginalisation and limited autonomy and power. In this context, young men build forms of provisional agency and enact dynamic forms of waithood, in their strategies to earn a living to try to support their families and to negotiate a transition from youth to manhood. Drawing on this research, we argue for a more complex understanding of young men at work in Freetown, in particular, and of the “youth bulge,” in general, in African cities.

  6. L\\'eon Rosenfeld's invention of constrained Hamiltonian dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Salisbury, Donald

    2016-01-01

    This commentary reflects on the 1930 discoveries of L\\'eon Rosenfeld in the domain of phase-space constraints. We start with a short biography of Rosenfeld and his motivation for this article in the context of ideas pursued by W. Pauli, F. Klein, E. Noether. We then comment on Rosenfeld's General Theory dealing with symmetries and constraints, symmetry generators, conservation laws and the construction of a Hamiltonian in the case of phase-space constraints. It is remarkable that he was able to derive expressions for all phase space symmetry generators without making explicit reference to the generator of time evolution. In his Applications, Rosenfeld treated the general relativistic example of Einstein-Maxwell-Dirac theory. We show, that although Rosenfeld refrained from fully applying his general findings to this example, he could have obtained the Hamiltonian. Many of Rosenfeld's discoveries were re-developed or re-discovered by others two decades later, yet as we show there remain additional firsts that a...

  7. Utilization of Rainwater in the City of Leon Guanajuato, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortes, A. S.; Perez-Quezadas, J. P.; Lozano, E. E.; Salas, R. O.; Martinez, J. R.; Hernandez, G. G.

    2012-12-01

    Leon Valley is supplied by deep wells, extracting water from an unconfined aquifer, composed of Tertiary sedimentary rocks of lacustrine origin. It features hydraulic conductivity with different stratifications where water is stored with characteristics of different origins. It features hydraulic conductivity with different stratifications where water is stored with characteristics of different origins. Given the problems of intensive exploitation, have proposed some measures aimed at trying to use as much water as possible. We present a hydrogeological analysis has allowed to make some proposals for potential sites for water infiltration of meteoric origin, based on the construction of trenches 4x4x5m. Considering some infiltration rates in some of the sites and the detailed geological characterization was performed the simulation of balance. The 19 injection wells proposed by the model produce a recovery calculated from simulation scenarios of 13 cm after 20 years. The results show that to achieve works that provide a perceptible recovery requires a significant investment. The study provided important hydrogeological knowledge of the system.

  8. AAS Publishing News: An Interview with Leon Golub

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-06-01

    In the lead-up to next weeks 2016 Solar Physics Division (SPD) meeting, we wanted to introduce you to Leon Golub, our new Lead Editor for the Sun and the Heliosphere corridor.Leon is a Senior Astrophysicist in the High Energy Division at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. He specializes in studies of solar and stellar magnetic activity, and he has built numerous rocket and satellite instruments to study the Sun and its dynamic behavior.* * * * *Tell me about your field of research and some of your current projects.Ive been working primarily on understanding the dynamics of the solar corona, especially using new types of instrumentation that can provide challenges to our theoretical understanding.Image of the Apollo Telescope Mount on Skylab. [NASA]Why did you choose this field?Shortly after graduating from MIT in experimental high energy physics I found a position with a group that was preparing to launch an X-ray telescope on Skylab as part of the cluster of solar instruments called the Apollo Telescope Mount. I have stayed with that field and related ones ever since.What do you consider to be some of the biggest open questions in solar and heliospheric research today?There are so many major questions that its difficult to just settle on a few. The heliosphere is defined by the extent of the influence of the Sun on the interstellar medium. It is an exciting time in that area of study, because we now have the ability to make impressive new observations that allow us to test our understanding of that outer boundary.Within those limits, the Sun has a major influence on solar system objects via its gravitational pull, its light and heat, and the magnetized plasma and high energy particles that it emits in all directions. We are making major discoveries related to how the Sun has influenced the formation and evolution of the planets, including our own planet.The source of all this influence is, of course, the Sun itself, and we are working to understand

  9. Striving for excellence: nurturing midwives' skills in Freetown, Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngongo, Carrie; Christie, Kate; Holden, Jude; Ford, Carolyn; Pett, Celia

    2013-10-01

    Midwives provide critical, life-saving care to women and babies. Effective midwives must be clinically competent, with the required knowledge, skills, and attitudes to provide quality care. Their success depends on an environment of supportive supervision, continuing education, enabling policies, and access to equipment and referral facilities. In Freetown, Sierra Leone, the Aberdeen Women's Centre launched a maternity unit with an emphasis on striving for excellence and providing ongoing professional development to its staff midwives. Its success was built upon fostering a sense of responsibility and teamwork, providing necessary resources, conforming to evidence-based standards, and building partnerships. An explicit philosophy of care was crucial for guiding clinical decision making. In its first two years of operation, the Aberdeen Women's Centre assisted 2076 births with two maternal deaths and 92 perinatal deaths. In-service education and supportive supervision facilitated the midwives' professional growth, leading to capable future leaders who are providing exemplary care to delivering mothers and their newborns in Freetown.

  10. El texto bizantino del Nuevo Testamento

    OpenAIRE

    Spottorno, Mª Victoria

    1987-01-01

    La expresión "texto bizantino del Nuevo Testamento" no encierra matiz de bizantinismo", al contrario, refleja la problemática muy concreta de la historia de la transmisión de esta obra plural y unitaria, que ha sido testigo o pauta en la evolución de nuestra cultura.

  11. New Exact Solutiocs and Chaotic Behaviours of (2+1)-dimensional Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli System%(2+1)维Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli方程(BLP)新显式精确解和混沌行为

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马松华

    2006-01-01

    利用改进的Riccati方程映射法,得到了(2+1)维Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli方程的新显式精确解.根据得到的解,利用Lorenz系统研究了(2+1)维Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli方程的混沌行为.

  12. Estudio descriptivo del uso de drogas en adolescentes de educación media superior de la ciudad de Monterrey, Nueva León, México Estudo descritivo do uso de drogas em adolescentes de educação média supeiror da cidade de monterrey, Nova Leon, México Descriptive study of drugs use among adolescents in higher middle education in Monterrey, Nueva León, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorio Martinez Rodríguez

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Se buscó establecer el perfil de consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas, patrones de consumo y estrategias de afrontamiento y resistencia al alcohol, tabaco y otras drogas en adolescentes de educación media superior. El estudio se sustentó en los conceptos de autores especializados en el tema considerándose las características conductuales, psicológicas y normativas de la persona. La muestra no probabilística consistió de 325 jóvenes. Los resultados indicaron que 67%, 65% y 7% de los adolescentes aceptaron haber usado alcohol, tabaco y marihuana alguna vez en su vida respectivamente y en el último mes el 33%, 38% y 3% esas mismas substancias, 65% consideran que la mayoría de sus compañeros han hecho uso; 56% tuvieron que rechazar una vez el ofrecimiento de alcohol, 64% tabaco y 51% marihuana, en el último mes con base en esos hallazgos. Se recomienda implementar un programa de prevención orientado a apoyar los recursos del adolescente para resistir las presiones para el consumo.Buscou-se estabelecer o perfil de consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas, padrões de consumo e estratégias de enfrentamento e resistência ao álcool, tabaco e outras drogas em adolescentes de educação média superior. O estudo fundamentou-se nos conceitos de autores especializados no tema, considerando-se as características comportamentais, psicológicas normativas da pessoa. A amostra, não probabilística, consistiu de 325 jovens. Os resultados indicaram que 67%, 65% e 7% dos adolescentes aceitaram haver usado álcool, tabaco e maconha alguma vez na vida respectivamente e no último mês, 33%, 38% e 3% essas mesmas substâncias; 65% consideram que a maioria de seus companheiros fez uso; 56% tiveram que recusar uma vez a oferta de álcool, 64% tabaco e 51% maconha, no último mês. Com base nesses achados recomenda-se a implementação de um programa de prevenção orientado a apoiar os aportes dos adolescentes para resistir à pressão para o consumo.We aimed to establish the consumption profile of licit and illicit drugs, consumption patterns and strategies for coping and resisting alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among adolescents in higher middle education. This study was based on concepts developed by specialized authors and considered the subject's behavioral, psychological and normative characteristics. The non-probabilistic sample consisted of 325 adolescents. Results indicated that 67%, 65% and 7% of the adolescents, respectively, accepted they had already used alcohol, tobacco and marihuana at some time in their life and that 33%, 38% and 3%, respectively, had used these same substances over the last month; 65% consider most of their colleagues have used these substances; 56% had to reject an offer to consume alcohol, 64% tobacco and 51% marihuana over the last month. On the basis of these findings, we recommend the implementation of a prevention program aimed at supporting the adolescent's resources to resist pressure towards consumption.

  13. Climate threats, water supply vulnerability and the risk of a water crisis in the Monterrey Metropolitan Area (Northeastern Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisto, Nicholas P.; Ramírez, Aldo I.; Aguilar-Barajas, Ismael; Magaña-Rueda, Víctor

    2016-02-01

    This paper evaluates the risk of a water crisis - a substantial, sudden reduction in water supply - in the Monterrey Metropolitan Area (MMA), posed by climate threats and the vulnerability of its water supply system. Our analysis of long-term precipitation, water supply and water availability data reveals that the MMA is highly vulnerable to recurring periods of exceptionally low precipitation and scarce surface water availability. We identify two episodes in the recent past (1998 and 2013) when the MMA water supply system almost collapsed as reservoirs neared depletion in the face of abnormally dry weather. Furthermore our climate projections point to warmer and drier future conditions for the region and consequently, heightened climate threats. We conclude that the risk of a water crisis in the MMA is substantial and probably will increase due to climate change. This establishes a clear and pressing need for a comprehensive package of adaptation measures to mitigate the consequences of a water crisis should one occur as well as to reduce the likelihood of such an event.

  14. Validation of the Oral Hygiene Habits Scale: Relationships with sociodemographic variables in the general and clinical population of Monterrey, Mexico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Rodríguez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Several socioeconomic factors are associated with poor oral hygiene habits. A version of the Oral Hygiene Habits Scale (OHHS was developed in Mexico to measure these factors; however, its relationship with sociodemographic variables has not been studied. The verification of these relationships could contribute to the validation of the scale. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between oral hygiene habits and sociodemographic variables of sex, age, schooling, self-defined socioeconomic stratum, occupation and marital status in the general and clinical population of Monterrey, Mexico. Materials and Methods: A general population sample (GPS of 256 participants and a clinical sample (CPS of 240 participants were studied. The OHHS consisted of an eight-item Likert scale of 4 points ranging from 0 to 4. A descriptive correlational study was performed with a cross-sectional design. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Spearman correlation coefficient, Cramer's V coefficient, and multivariate aligned rank test. Results: In GPS and CPS groups, OHHS was related to sex, schooling, socioeconomic stratum, occupation and marital status, but not to age. There were no significant interactions between the samples (GPS and CPS and sociodemographic variables. Conclusion: There is a statistically significant relationship between oral hygiene habits and some sociodemographic variables in the general and clinical population. This relationship supports the validity of the OHHS.

  15. Tráfico de mujeres hacia la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey: una perspectiva analítica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arun Kumar Acharya

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal de este artículo es investigar el fenómeno del tráfico de mujeres hacia la Zona Metropolitana de Monterrey explicando las causas del problema, así como las principales características y efectos de este tráfico sobre ellas. En los últimos años el tráfico de mujeres se ha incrementado hacia esta metrópoli por diversas razones. Una de las principales es el crecimiento económico de la zona, el cual ha provocado un incremento masivo de los viajes de negocios y de turismo en la misma. Paralelo con este proceso se ha desarrollado el turismo sexual. Para satisfacer la demanda, los dueños de bares, casas de citas y centros de masajes están viajando hacia las zonas marginadas del país atrayendo a las muchachas jóvenes para trabajar como sexo-servidoras. La investigación ha encontrado que estas mujeres son engañadas por medio de varias promesas y una vez que llegan a la ciudad la realidad se torna diferente. Estas mujeres también sufren una constante violencia y explotación, la cual tiene un impacto directo en la salud física, mental y sexual de las mismas.

  16. [An evaluation of the 4 years of the Oral Rehydration Service of the Hospital Infantil de Monterrey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraira-Gutiérrez, A; Méndez-Jara, A; Ruiz-Villalpando, G

    1992-06-01

    At four years of being founded the Service of Oral Hydration from Hospital Infantil de Monterrey, we carried out this investigation to know its productivity, to determine costs of internments, death rates due to diarrhea and dehydration in the hospital and at a State level. The statistics from the hospital were revised in the previous and subsequent years to the institution of the Service in September of 1986, so as the statistics of death due to diarrhea from the State Health Department. The cases attended were 12,139, from which 9,024 belonged to plan A, 2,983 to plan B and 72 to plan C. Three hundred (300) doctors were trained and nine (9) research studies were accomplished. A decrease was achieved from the hospital rate admission by diarrhea and dehydration, throw the oral dehydration therapy in a 66%, the mortality rate was reduced 72% and an expenditure of $619,243,480.00 pesos in drugs and auxiliary examinations of diagnostic was avoided. At a State level the general death rate due to diarrhea got a cutdown of 13.1 to 5.8, and in infants under a year old decreased from 275 to 122.3. The oral hydration therapy applied in the State seems to be the main reason in that results.

  17. Asentamientos irregulares en Monterrey, 1970-2000. Divorcio entre planeación y gestión urbana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto García Ortega

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo aborda el problema de los asentamientos irregulares en relación con el Área Metropolitana de Monterrey (AMM en el periodo 1970-2000, partiendo de un diagnóstico general cuantitativo que busca vincular y evaluar el tema en relación con los instrumentos y acciones de planeación y de gestión urbana que el gobierno ha implementado, así como con respecto al valor estimado de la "riqueza inerte" en que consiste este stock habitacional irregular. La pregunta principal que se pretende contestar en este artículo es si el agravamiento de y el desorden en el problema de los asentamientos irregulares en el AMM, fuera de los factores de índole estructural y socioeconómica que dan origen al precarismo habitacional, se agudizan aún más por el divorcio evidente entre los planes propuestos para resolverlos y la gestión pública urbana, o falta de gestión, en esa materia en el AMM.

  18. Patrones de aglomeración espacial de la industria creativa en el Área Metropolitana de Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amado Villarreal González

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina la naturaleza de los patrones de aglomeración de las empresas y establecimientos pertenecientes a la industria creativa. En él se realiza un análisis exploratorio de su distribución espacial resaltando la importancia de las formas de aglomeración y su grado de concentración en el Área Metropolitana de Monterrey (AMM. Mediante el uso de técnicas de estadística espacial, se determinaron aglomeraciones (clusters de empresas de acuerdo a su tamaño y actividad económica. Los resultados permiten identificar clusters espaciales de empresas que no se encuentran distribuidas aleatoriamente, sino que presentan un fuerte patrón de concentración en la zona central del espacio urbano. Este trabajo contribuye a un mejor entendimiento de las zonas urbanas creativas y constituye una fuente de información para la formulación de políticas públicas dirigidas a la creación de sectores innovadores basados en el conocimiento.

  19. Evaluation of the Leon3 soft-core processor within a Xilinx radiation-hardened field-programmable gate array.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Learn, Mark Walter

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to summarize the work done to evaluate the performance of the Leon3 soft-core processor in a radiation environment while instantiated in a radiation-hardened static random-access memory based field-programmable gate array. This evaluation will look at the differences between two soft-core processors: the open-source Leon3 core and the fault-tolerant Leon3 core. Radiation testing of these two cores was conducted at the Texas A&M University Cyclotron facility and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The results of these tests are included within the report along with designs intended to improve the mitigation of the open-source Leon3. The test setup used for evaluating both versions of the Leon3 is also included within this document.

  20. Overcoming Operational Challenges to Ebola Case Investigation in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    T Boland, Samuel; Polich, Erin; Connolly, Allison; Hoar, Adam; Sesay, Tom; Tran, Anh-Minh A

    2017-09-27

    The Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic that hit West Africa in 2013 was the worst outbreak of EVD in recorded history. While much has been published regarding the international and national-level EVD responses, there is a dearth of literature on district-level coordination and operational structures, successes, and failures. This article seeks to understand how the EVD response unfolded at the district level, namely the challenges to operationalizing EVD surveillance over the course of the outbreak in Port Loko and Kambia districts of Sierra Leone. We present here GOAL Global's understanding of the fundamental challenges to case investigation operations during the EVD response, including environmental and infrastructural, sociocultural, and political and organizational challenges, with insight complemented by a survey of 42 case investigators. Major challenges included deficiencies in transportation and communication resources, low morale and fatigue among case investigators, mismanagement of data, mistrust among communities, and leadership challenges. Without addressing these operational challenges, technical surveillance solutions are difficult to implement and hold limited relevance, due to the poor quality and quantity of data being collected. The low prioritization of operational needs came at a high cost. To mediate this, GOAL addressed these operational challenges by acquiring critical transportation and communication resources to facilitate case investigation, including vehicles, boats, fuel, drivers, phones, and closed user groups; addressing fatigue and low morale by hiring more case investigators, making timely payments, arranging for time off, and providing meals and personal protective equipment; improving data tracking efforts through standard operating procedures, training, and mentorship to build higher-quality case histories and make it easier to access information; strengthening trust in communities by ensuring familiarity and consistency of case

  1. Nuevo urbanismo en la ciudad de Murcia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Millán Escriche

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El Nuevo Urbanismo se manifi esta hoy como respuesta a una exagerada expansión urbana cuyas consecuencias minimizan los benefi cios que reciben los ciudadanos en aquellas poblaciones en las que, entre otras cuestiones, prima un diseño que favorece el acceso peatonal, en pocos minutos, a las instalaciones sociales y económicas de proximidad. La ciudad de Murcia participa del crecimiento experimentado por otras urbes de nuestro país, y el objetivo de este trabajo es analizar si el modelo que está adoptando y el ritmo que acompaña su desarrollo se ajusta a las pautas del llamado Nuevo Urbanismo.

  2. Búsqueda de nuevos agentes antiprotozoarios selectivos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladímir V. Kouznetsov, PhD, DSc* Carlos Mario Meléndez Gómez, Químico**

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Se da la información general sobre los fármacos antiprotozoarios que están usándose en clínica, se discuten nuevas dianas de los parásitos protozoarios útiles en la búsqueda de nuevos agentes antiprotozoarios, enfocando la atención al rol biológico de las proteasas de los parásitos protozoarios. Esta información importante será útil para los estudiantes e investigadores que se interesen a los problemas de química medicinal (un área naciente en Colombia cuál aporta mucho al desarrollo de ciencias médicas. [Kouznetsov V, Meléndez C. Búsqueda de nuevos agentes antiprotozoarios selectivos. MedUNAB2009; 12:33-45

  3. El Nuevo Intervencionismo en el Sistema Interamericano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Ramírez León

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan algunos elementos para la reflexión sobre lo que se denomina "nuevo intervencionismo". Partiendo de una descripción histórica de los actos intervencionistas realizados por Estados Unidos en diferentes países de América Latina, se analiza, dentro del proceso de reestructuración del escenario mundial alrededor de los conceptos de globalización e integración, el papel de los organismos internacionales como la ONU y la OEA, en la defensa de la democracia, la seguridad hemisférica y los derechos humanos. Estos tres temas se discuten para plantear las posiciones divergentes acerca de la posibilidad de abrir espacios a un nuevo concepto de intervención multilateral.

  4. Los nuevos pintores y las formas modernas

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrero,Jorge

    2010-01-01

    Tradición; Siglo XX; Consideraciones generales -- Función social del arte y posición social de los artistas. En qué sentido se habla de pintura revolucionaria; El punto de partida de la pintura moderna -- El "nuevo realismo". Lo indígena en la pintura ecuatoriana. Influjo de la pintura mexicana; Camilo Egas; Eduardo Kingman; Oswaldo Guayasamín Calero; Diógenes Paredes. Bogotá, marzo de 1947.

  5. Año Nuevo, nueva portada

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Casan, Pere; Xaubet, Antoni; García Río, Francisco; Barreiro, Esther

    2008-01-01

    ... de 2008 e inicio del nuevo año para ofrecer a nuestros lectores un pequeño regalo. Se trata de una nueva portada. Archivos de Bronconeumología que, como recordarán, inició su andadura en 1964, ha contado desde esa fecha con 7 portadas diferentes. Remitimos a los lectores a la magnífica revisión que su director anterior, el Dr. Miguel Perpiñá, publicó ...

  6. Nuevos significados de la democracia en Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Karina Núñez Muñoz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es interpretar los nuevos significados de la demo- cracia en Venezuela, construidos a partir de los cambios y transformaciones iniciados en 1999 (proceso constituyente-reforma política, teniendo como centro los discursos y prácticas de una ciudadanía que debe participar de forma activa y organizada en los asuntos públicos con miras a la búsqueda de la solución de sus problemas más apremiantes. La aproximación metodológica (cualitativa-hermenéutica se realizó con- siderando que esta redefinición es una construcción intersubjetiva de los valores, acciones y normas en el ámbito político que intenta explicar cómo se construye la ciudadanía, fundamentalmente en el nivel local, a través de formas asociativas (como los consejos comunales en su interrelación con el Estado. Se concluye que a partir del nuevo orden constitucional de 1999 se comien- za a construir en Venezuela un nuevo sujeto que intenta viabilizar sus de- mandas a través de las organizaciones sociales.

  7. Control glucémico, autocuidado y estrés en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 residentes de Monterrey, México

    OpenAIRE

    Arias-González, Abraham; Guevara Valtier, Milton Carlos, 1980-; Paz-Morales, María de los Ángeles; Valenzuela-Suazo, Sandra; Rivas-Acuña, Valentina

    2015-01-01

    La diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad crónica de alta prevalencia en México en quienes la padecen el autocuidado de la enfermedad y el manejo del estrés influyen en el auto control de dicha patología.Objetivos: Conocer el control glucémico, autocuidado y estrés en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en una muestra de pacientes que acuden a un centro especializado en Diabetes Mellitus ubicado en la ciudad de Monterrey, México. Material y Métodos: Se utilizó un diseño descriptivo, la muestr...

  8. Recepción de Estereotipos de la Serie Norteamericana Lost entre jóvenes que habitan en Monterrey, México

    OpenAIRE

    Inzunza Acedo, Beatriz Elena; Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM), Campus Monterrey

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo del estudio consistió en el análisis de recepción de los personajes de la serie estadounidense Lost, cuyas representaciones variaron entre norteamericanos, latinos, europeos, coreanos, rusos, árabes, australianos y africanos; hombres y mujeres; niños, jóvenes, adultos y ancianos. Se llevaron a cabo cinco grupos de discusión con 29 jóvenes que habitaban en Monterrey, México. Para la interpretación de resultados, se utilizó el modelo de Palmer y Hafen, en la versión ampliada de Inzu...

  9. Exposición a humo de tabaco ajeno en lugares públicos de la Ciudad de México, Guadalajara y Monterrey

    OpenAIRE

    Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu; Paola Adanari Ortega-Ceballos; David Gimeno; Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutiérrez

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo. Cuantificar la exposición al humo de tabaco ajeno (HTA) en lugares públicos de México, con el fin de impulsar políticas locales de ambientes 100% libres de humo de tabaco. Material y métodos. Se monitoreó aleatoriamente 20% de las áreas interiores de hospitales, escuelas y oficinas públicas de Monterrey, Guadalajara y la Ciudad de México. La concentración mediana de nicotina ambiental fue estimada por ciudad, tipo de espacio público y área interior. Resultados. La concentración medi...

  10. RNAI INDUCED WING MODIFICATION IN LEON MUTANT DROSOPHILA: A DEVELOPMENTAL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeep Satapathy

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The precision of growth of an animal is meticulously regulated by extrinsic and intrinsic factors, with focus on maintenance of organismal homeostasis. The clue to change in physiology or metabolism of an organism, at times can be derived from the changes in phenotypes. In the Drosophila melanogaster model system, GAL 4-overexpressed RNAi driver males (Mini-White Marker, targeted against specific genes, when crossed with Leon mutant (19-2/TM6B females, yield progeny of different wing types. Different RNAi lines expressing the phenotypes in a gradient of sodden, mid to normal; explains the varying severity of the wing phenotypes. The comparison of flies co-expressed RNAi and Leon mutant with wild type or Leon mutant females; show changes in wing phenotype; in terms of wing venation, Anterior Cortical Vein (ACV position, Posterior Cortical Vein (PCV position, bristles on the wing margins and the inter-segmental distance. There is a distinct evidence of both rescue and deterioration phenotype observed at various levels, with the varying levels of RNAi expression in sodden, mid and normal type. A correlational study of these modified wing phenotypes to the physiological and metabolic functionalities; reveals the expression of most of these genes targeted by RNAi, mainly in the brain, heart, thoracic-abdominal ganglion, salivary gland, ovary and testis. Therefore, it can be hypothesized that the Leon mutant can be correlated with the RNAi.

  11. Empowering Women through Education: Evidence from Sierra Leone. NBER Working Paper No. 18016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mocan, Naci H.; Cannonier, Colin

    2012-01-01

    We use data from Sierra Leone where a substantial education program provided increased access to education for primary-school age children but did not benefit children who were older. We exploit the variation in access to the program generated by date of birth and the variation in resources between various districts of the country. We find that…

  12. Sierra Leone's Former Child Soldiers: A Follow-Up Study of Psychosocial Adjustment and Community Reintegration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betancourt, Theresa Stichick; Borisova, Ivelina Ivanova; Williams, Timothy Philip; Brennan, Robert T.; Whitfield, Theodore H.; de la Soudiere, Marie; Williamson, John; Gilman, Stephen E.

    2010-01-01

    This is the first prospective study to investigate psychosocial adjustment in male and female former child soldiers (ages 10-18; n = 156, 12% female). The study began in Sierra Leone in 2002 and was designed to examine both risk and protective factors in psychosocial adjustment. Over the 2-year period of follow-up, youth who had wounded or killed…

  13. "Farming Miners" or "Mining Farmers"?: Diamond Mining and Rural Development in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maconachie, Roy; Binns, Tony

    2007-01-01

    Sierra Leone is currently emerging from a brutal civil war that lasted most of the 1990s, and now has the dubious distinction of being ranked among the world's poorest countries. As thousands of displaced people move back to their villages, a large proportion of the predominantly farm-based rural population are growing food crops for the first…

  14. Training for Innovation: Capacity-Building in Agricultural Research in Post-War Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gboku, Matthew L. S.; Bebeley, Jenneh F.

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines how the Sierra Leone Agricultural Research Institute (SLARI) used training and development to build capacity for innovation in agricultural research following the country's civil war which ended in 2002. The Institute's training for innovation addressed different agricultural product value chains (APVCs) within the framework of…

  15. Reconstruction versus Transformation: Post-War Education and the Struggle for Gender Equity in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maclure, Richard; Denov, Myriam

    2009-01-01

    In post-war contexts, education is widely regarded as essential not only for civic reconciliation, but also as a key force for gender equity. In Sierra Leone, however, despite enhanced educational opportunities for girls, much of the emphasis on post-war educational reconstruction is unlikely to rectify gender inequities that remain entrenched…

  16. Genotypic anomaly in ebola virus strains circulating in magazine wharf Area, Freetown, Sierra Leone, 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.L. Smits (Saskia); S.D. Pas (Suzan); C.B.E.M. Reusken (Chantal); B.L. Haagmans (Bart); P. Pertile; C. Cancedda; K. Dierberg; I. Wurie; A. Kamara; D. Kargbo; S.L. Caddy; A. Arias; L. Thorne; J. Lu; U. Jah; I. Goodfellow; M.P.G. Koopmans D.V.M. (Marion)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractThe Magazine Wharf area, Freetown, Sierra Leone was a focus of ongoing Ebola virus transmission from late June 2015. Viral genomes linked to this area contain a series of 13 T to C substitutions in a 150 base pair intergenic region downstream of viral protein 40 open reading frame, simil

  17. Coming back from the bush : gender, youth and reintegration in northern Sierra Leone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gog, van J.G.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis explores the postwar reintegration strategies of young women who had forcibly become affiliated with one of the fighting factions during the ten years of civil war in Sierra Leone. Instead of conceptualizing reintegration as the result of policies, the author defines it as the dynamic pr

  18. School Persistence in the Wake of War: Wartime Experiences, Reintegration Supports, and Dropout in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuilkowski, Stephanie Simmons; Betancourt, Theresa S.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the relationship of wartime experience and reintegration supports to students' risk of school dropout. It draws on longitudinal, mixed-methods data collected among children and youth in Sierra Leone from 2002 through 2008. The study finds that family financial support and perceived social support are positively associated…

  19. Criminologia, Antropologia e Medicina Legal. Um personagem central: Leonídio Ribeiro

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Apresentação da trajetória de Leonídio Ribeiro, em especial a sua abordagem do homossexualismo como representativa das concepções fundantes do campo da criminologia nas primeiras décadas do século XX no Brasil.

  20. Illiteracy, Colonial Legacy and Education: The Case of Modern Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banya, Kingsley

    1993-01-01

    As a legacy of British colonial rule, Sierra Leone's education system gives half of its budget to higher education, heavily benefits the upper and middle classes and serves the poor and rural populations badly. The illiteracy rate is 85%. Policy recommendations are outlined for resource allocation and major restructuring of the education system.…

  1. Socio-Ecological Factors Affecting Pregnant Women's Anemia Status in Freetown, Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    M'Cormack, Fredanna; Drolet, Judy

    2012-01-01

    Background: Sierra Leone has high maternal mortality. Socio-ecological factors are considered contributing factors to this high mortality. Anemia is considered to be a direct cause of 4% of maternal deaths and an indirect cause of 20-40% of maternal deaths. Purpose: The current study explores socio-ecological contributing factors to the anemia…

  2. Metateks ('n Vakfilosofiese vergelyking van twee analises van ‘Droogte’ van Leon Strydom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Swanepoel

    1984-05-01

    Full Text Available In hierdie artikel sal twee analises van Leon Strydom se gedig “Droogte” uit ’n vakfilosofiese hoek met mekaar vergelyk word. Die analises is uitgevoer deur dr. G.F.T. Kuschke en prof. Ina Grähe, albei opgeleide literatore, maar wetenskaplikes wal die literatuur uit verskillende denkraamwerke benader.

  3. Child mental health in Sierra Leone : A survey and exploratory qualitative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yoder, H.N.C.; Tol, W.A.; Reis, R.; de Jong, J.T.V.M.

    2016-01-01

    Background This study complements the growing amount of research on the psychosocial impact of war on children in Sierra Leone by examining local perceptions of child mental health, formal and informal care systems, help-seeking behaviour and stigma. Methods The study combined: (1) a nationwide

  4. Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Guanajuato, Mexico: The Leon Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fombonne, Eric; Marcin, Carlos; Manero, Ana Cecilia; Bruno, Ruth; Diaz, Christian; Villalobos, Michele; Ramsay, Katrina; Nealy, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    There are no epidemiological data on autism for Mexico. This study was conducted to generate a first estimate of ASD prevalence in Mexico. We surveyed children age eight in Leon (Guanajuato). The sample was stratified in two strata: (1) children having special education and medical records (SEMR; N = 432) and (2) children attending regular schools…

  5. An Introduction to Isaac Leon Kandel: Who He Was and Why He Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Null, J. Wesley

    2007-01-01

    Few professors of education in the 21st century know the name Isaac Leon Kandel. A Kappa Delta Pi Laureate and author of more than 20 books, Kandel may be known to scholars who specialize in comparative education or educational history; however, Kandel is known to very few beyond these two fields. This article is a testament to Kandel, his…

  6. Socio-Ecological Factors Affecting Pregnant Women's Anemia Status in Freetown, Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    M'Cormack, Fredanna; Drolet, Judy

    2012-01-01

    Background: Sierra Leone has high maternal mortality. Socio-ecological factors are considered contributing factors to this high mortality. Anemia is considered to be a direct cause of 4% of maternal deaths and an indirect cause of 20-40% of maternal deaths. Purpose: The current study explores socio-ecological contributing factors to the anemia…

  7. Sierra Leone's Former Child Soldiers: A Follow-Up Study of Psychosocial Adjustment and Community Reintegration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betancourt, Theresa Stichick; Borisova, Ivelina Ivanova; Williams, Timothy Philip; Brennan, Robert T.; Whitfield, Theodore H.; de la Soudiere, Marie; Williamson, John; Gilman, Stephen E.

    2010-01-01

    This is the first prospective study to investigate psychosocial adjustment in male and female former child soldiers (ages 10-18; n = 156, 12% female). The study began in Sierra Leone in 2002 and was designed to examine both risk and protective factors in psychosocial adjustment. Over the 2-year period of follow-up, youth who had wounded or killed…

  8. Criminologia, Antropologia e Medicina Legal. Um personagem central: Leonídio Ribeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Gutman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da trajetória de Leonídio Ribeiro, em especial a sua abordagem do homossexualismo como representativa das concepções fundantes do campo da criminologia nas primeiras décadas do século XX no Brasil.

  9. The Revolutionary United Front and Child Soldiers during Sierra Leone’s Civil War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    97 Gaviria. 98 Frank Faulkner, “ Kindergarten Killers: Morality, Murder and the Child Soldier Problem...that, “Only the economic opportunity presented by a breakdown in law and order could sustain violence at the levels that plagued Sierra Leone after

  10. Educating Africans for Inferiority under British Rule: Bo School in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corby, Richard A.

    1990-01-01

    Sierra Leone's Bo School was established in 1906 by British colonial officials to educate chiefs' sons for subordinate positions. Nevertheless, the school contributed to creation of the postindependence ruling class. Enrollment, curriculum, student life, responsibilities of British and African teachers, and alumni networks are examined. Contains…

  11. School Persistence in the Wake of War: Wartime Experiences, Reintegration Supports, and Dropout in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuilkowski, Stephanie Simmons; Betancourt, Theresa S.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the relationship of wartime experience and reintegration supports to students' risk of school dropout. It draws on longitudinal, mixed-methods data collected among children and youth in Sierra Leone from 2002 through 2008. The study finds that family financial support and perceived social support are positively associated…

  12. The Great War and Remembrance in Jose Leon Machado's "Memoria das Estrelas sem Brilho"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azevedo, Milton M.

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes Jose Leon Machado's novel, "Memoria das Estrelas sem Brilho," as a multilayered historical novel in which a war story provides a background for comments on aspects of early twentieth-century Portuguese society, such as male bonding, religion, sexual mores, and social stratification. (Contains 11 notes.)

  13. Scaling up family planning in Sierra Leone: A prospective cost-benefit analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keen, Sarah; Begum, Hashina; Friedman, Howard S; James, Chris D

    2017-08-01

    Family planning is commonly regarded as a highly cost-effective health intervention with wider social and economic benefits. Yet use of family planning services in Sierra Leone is currently low and 25.0% of married women have an unmet need for contraception. This study aims to estimate the costs and benefits of scaling up family planning in Sierra Leone. Using the OneHealth Tool, two scenarios of scaling up family planning coverage to currently married women in Sierra Leone over 2013-2035 were assessed and compared to a 'no-change' counterfactual. Our costing included direct costs of drugs, supplies and personnel time, programme costs and a share of health facility overhead costs. To monetise the benefits, we projected the cost savings of the government providing five essential social services - primary education, child immunisation, malaria prevention, maternal health services and improved drinking water - in the scale-up scenarios compared to the counterfactual. The total population, estimated at 6.1 million in 2013, is projected to reach 8.3 million by 2035 in the high scenario compared to a counterfactual of 9.6 million. We estimate that by 2035, there will be 1400 fewer maternal deaths and 700 fewer infant deaths in the high scenario compared to the counterfactual. Our modelling suggests that total costs of the family planning programme in Sierra Leone will increase from US$4.2 million in 2013 to US$10.6 million a year by 2035 in the high scenario. For every dollar spent on family planning, Sierra Leone is estimated to save US$2.10 in expenditure on the five selected social sector services over the period. There is a strong investment case for scaling up family planning services in Sierra Leone. The ambitious scale-up scenarios have historical precedent in other sub-Saharan African countries, but the extent to which they will be achieved depends on a commitment from both the government and donors to strengthening Sierra Leone's health system post-Ebola.

  14. Border Environmental Education Resource Guide: Southern New Mexico, South Texas, Northern Chihuahua, Northern Coahuila, Northern Nuevo Leon, Northern Tamaulipas = Guia de Recursos de Educacion Ambiental en la Frontera: Sur de Nuevo Mexico, Sur de Texas, Norte de Chihuahua, Norte de Coahuila, Norte de Nuevo Leon, Norte de Tamaulipas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meissner, David, Comp.

    This guide provides educators and residents of the border with useful information about environmental education program offerings along the eastern half of the United States-Mexico border. The programs listed in the guide represent a broad range of educational efforts focused on understanding the environment and solving environmental problems in…

  15. Primer Concilio Provincial del Nuevo Reino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Lucena Salmoral

    1963-01-01

    Full Text Available El acontecimiento más sobresaliente del patriarcado de don Fernando Arias de Ugarte, en el que hubo muchos notables, fue el Primer Concilio Provincial del Nuevo Reino de Granada, celebrado en el año 1623. Cumplió así una vieja aspiración de los arzobispos santafereños y la obligación impuesta en el Concilio de Trento, por lo que resulta incomprensible lo historiado por don José Antonio Plaza quien, al referirse a este hecho, dice lo siguiente...

  16. Nuevos Proyectos de I+D+i

    OpenAIRE

    anonymous

    2011-01-01

    Nuevos Proyectos de I+D+i de distintas Áreas del SERIDA: "Identificación de biomarcadores de calidad en la carne relacionados con el estrés celular ante- y peri- sacrificio", y "Conducta de pastoreo y respuestas productivas del vacuno y equino cuando son manejados en brezales con diferente disponibilidad de superficie de pradera, e impacto en la flora y fauna" (Sistemas de Producción Animal). "Tecnología NIRS: estrategia para la puesta en valor de las producciones" (Área de Nutrición, Pastos...

  17. NUEVOS FÁRMACOS EN DIABETES MELLITUS

    OpenAIRE

    Aylwin H., Carmen Gloria

    2016-01-01

    Por más de 60 años se dispuso solo de tres grupos farmacológicos para el tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus (DM): la insulina, la metformina y las sulfonilureas. Sin embargo, en los últimos años y como consecuencia de los avances en el conocimiento de la patogenia de la DM2 se han desarrollado nuevos fármacos con novedosos mecanismos de acción y con diferentes perfiles de seguridad, entre ellos los compuestos con efecto incretina y los glucosúricos que actúan en los trastornos a nivel intest...

  18. Sobre el arte de los nuevos medios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celia Rivoulet

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Las tecnologías de información y comunicación han transformado completamente las prácticas artísticas contemporáneas, modificando las nociones tradicionales de tiempo, autor, medio, soporte, obra, realidad y espectador, y dando lugar a un nuevo género artístico: el arte digital. El presente póster analiza sus principales características con base en el estudio de los textos de Edmond Couchot y Jean-Pierre Balpe.

  19. Mujeres invisibles y victimización sexual en México. El caso de la trata de mujeres en Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arun Kumar Acharya

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal del artículo es analizar el fenómeno y la dinámica de la trata de mujeres hacia la ciudad de Monterrey, así como la explotación sexual y sus consecuencias. R esultados muestran que en los últimos años el fenómeno se ha incrementado en Monterrey por diversas cues tiones. El crecimiento económico ha provocado un aumento masivo de los viajes de negocios y turísticos. Paralelamente, se ha desarrollado el turismo sexual. Para satisfacer la demanda, los dueños de bares y centros de masajes viajan a las zonas marginadas del país, enganchan a muchachas jóvenes por medio de varias promesas y después las obligan a prostituirse. Las mujeres tratadas sufren una constante violencia y explotación, lo que afecta su salud física, mental y sexual.

  20. Estrategia de comunicación integral de mercadotecnia para una ONG con enfoque educativo.

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Davila Ruiz; Ruviel Sibaja Ramirez

    2014-01-01

    Alianza Para La Educación México A.C is a non-governmental, non-profit organization founded in 2008 and established in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, México. Its mission is to be an agent of change in society working with individuals and institutions, providing resources and tools for students living in adverse economic conditions, so they can have access to college and postgraduate education. The need to attract more donations is imperative considering that each year new students are integrated i...

  1. La mercadotecnia en las PYMES y su influencia en el crecimiento de utilidades.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Eloisa Trevino Ayala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to identify the marketing factors that enable SMEs succeed relative to its earnings growth in order to enhance their business opportunities. The independent variables included in this study are Product Management, Customer Service and Price Management. Research in conducted in Monterrey and its metropolitan area of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The methodology used is multiple linear regression. According to the results obtained with sample items, earnings growth is not a function of Product Management, Customer Service and Price Management, that is to say, the area of marketing activities used by the entrepreneur are not significant to achieve with ANOVA parametric test, positive growth in earnings.

  2. Nobel Prize winning physicist to speak at Rensselaer Nov. 20 Leon Lederman to discuss pre college science education

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Leon Lederman, Nobel Prize-winner, will offer some radical ideas for improving pre-college science education when he delivers the annual Robert Resnick Lecture at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Russell Sage Laboratory (1/2 page).

  3. Aplicación de Técnicas Formales de Diseño de Interfaz y Evaluación de Usabilidad del Sitio Web del Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Monterrey

    OpenAIRE

    Perea Henze, Sergio

    2004-01-01

    Actualmente Internet está logrando un gran impacto a nivel mundial, pues permite tener acceso a información y a bienes, los cuales pueden ser negociados entre millones de usuarios, cosa que no era posible hace 50 años. De esta manera, Internet ha contribuido al crecimiento de una economía digital, pues cada vez son más y más las organizaciones que llevan a la red su negocio, y esto ha influenciado en sus estrategias de mercadotecnia, pues han visto en este nuevo canal de distribución una opor...

  4. Nuevos Destinos: A CD-ROM for Advanced Beginning Spanish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Robert J.

    1999-01-01

    Provides a description of the Nuevos Destinos CD-ROM, a joint production for students learning Spanish at the advanced-beginning, intermediate-low, or native-speaker level. Nuevos Destinos involves students in meaningful ways by asking them to solve real-world problems encountered in law offices. (Author/VWL)

  5. Analysis of Security Sector Reform in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone: A Comparison of Current versus Historical Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Congo; Andrew Dorman. ’The British Experience of Low-Intensity Conflict in Sierra Leone, Defense & Security Analysis 23:2, 191; “Sierra Leone...considerably effective” in combating piracy, smuggling and illegal fishing in its territorial waters, with the craft donated by China having had a considerable...and assisted in the rescue and recovery of several dozen survivors and at least 150 corpses from the stricken vessel.114 Although some families of

  6. Validation of the Single-Factor Model of the Relationship Assessment Scale among Married and Cohabiting Persons from Monterrey, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Moral de la Rubia

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The study of intimate partner relationships is particularly important because this union is the foundation of the family. Satisfaction with the relationship can be defined as the overall attitude to the relationship and the partner. The Hendrick's Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS is a instrument commonly used to assess the construct. Previous research papers have showed that this scale has high internal consistency and a single-factor structure. Although there are validation studies of the RAS, these studies used inappropriate statistical techniques to analyze its Likert-type items, and to determine the number of factors; likewise, its factor invariance across sex has not been previously contrasted. Therefore, this study posed the following research questions: Does the RAS have consistent and discriminating items? Basing the analysis on a polychoric correlation matrix, what is its level of internal consistency? How many factors emerge using rigorous empirical methods? Is the single-factor model invariant across sex? In order to answer these research questions, we used a random route probability sampling in this instrument validation study of the RAS. The sample was extracted from the population of married couples or the ones living in consensual union in Monterrey, Mexico. There were 431 female and 376 male participants in the study. The RAS’ items were consistent and discriminative. The internal consistency of the scale was excellent in the whole sample (ordinal α = .93, as well as among female (ordinal α = .94 and male participants (ordinal α = .92. Horn's parallel analysis and Velicer's  minimum average partial test suggested a one factor solution. Moreover, the single-factor model (with one correlation between the residuals of the two negatively worded items had a close fit to the data, and its properties of invariance across sex were very acceptable by the Unweighted Least Squares method. We conclude that the scale shows internal

  7. 西雅特全新LEON Cup Racer惊艳亮相

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    西雅特旗下全新LEON Cup Racer近日亮相于萨尔斯堡世界房车锦标赛周末赛上(WTCC Weekend),并准备好在全球各类赛车运动场上一展英姿。全新LEON Cup Racer基于LEON五门版打造而成,车身采用金属亚光灰色和橙色涂漆;18英寸赛车轮毂的轮距比量产车型减少40公分以上.使整体车型看上去更加紧凑动感。

  8. Areas Contributing Recharge to Wells in the Tafuna-Leone Plain, Tutuila, American Samoa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izuka, Scot K.; Perreault, Jeff A.; Presley, Todd K.

    2007-01-01

    To address the concerns about the potential for contamination of drinking-water wells in the Tafuna-Leone Plain, Tutuila, American Samoa, a numerical ground-water flow model was developed and used to delineate areas contributing recharge to the wells (ACRWs). Surveys and analyses were conducted to obtain or compile certain essential hydrogeologic information needed for the model, such as groundwater production statistics, ground-water levels under current production, and an assessment of the distribution of groundwater recharge. The ground-water surveys indicate that total production from all wells in the Tafuna-Leone Plain between 1985 and 2005 averaged 6.1 Mgal/d and showed a gradual increase. A synoptic survey indicates that current water levels in the Tafuna-Leone Plain are highest near its inland boundary, decrease toward the coast, and are slightly depressed in high-production well fields. Ground-water levels showed little effect from the increased production because hydraulic conductivites are high and withdrawal is small relative to recharge. Analysis of ground-water recharge using a soil water-budget analysis indicates that the Tafuna-Leone Plain and adjacent areas receive about 280 Mgal/d of water from rainfall, of which 24 percent runs off to the ocean, 26 percent is removed by evapotranspiration, and 50 percent goes to ground-water recharge. Ground-water recharge per unit area is generally higher at the mountain crests than at the coast, but the highest recharge per unit area is in the mountain-front recharge zone at the juncture between the Tafuna-Leone Plain and the adjacent mountains. Surface water from the mountains also contributes to ground-water recharge in the eastern Tafuna-Leone Plain, in a process analogous to mountain-front recharge described in arid areas. Analysis of stream-gage data indicates that in the mountains of Tutuila, ground water discharges and contributes substantially to the total flow of the streams. In contrast, multiple

  9. LEON TOPA’S CONCERNS WITH SOCIOLOGY AND HISTORIOGRAPHY DURING HIS BIENNIAL INTERNSHIP IN ROME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OCTAVIANA JIANU

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This document was originally published in Italian, and now it appears for the first time in Romanian translation. The author is Leon Ţopa, a young sociologist from Cernăuţi and a scholar of the Romanian School of Rome, an institution known for its large number of young historians who were formed there in the interwar period. Due to the reputation of this institution, the translators detail its history within the incipit of the document. Due to the historical orientation of the School, Leon Ţopa tries to present a history of the Romanian sociology that until that moment had been achieved only in journalistic sketches. The resulted study has the merit to be the first presentation of the evolution of Romanian sociology meant for the Italian reader, and also reflects the level of information and the Cernăuţi perspective of a collaborator of Professor Traian Brăileanu

  10. Comprehensive yet scalable health information systems for low resource settings: a collaborative effort in sierra leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braa, Jørn; Kanter, Andrew S; Lesh, Neal; Crichton, Ryan; Jolliffe, Bob; Sæbø, Johan; Kossi, Edem; Seebregts, Christopher J

    2010-11-13

    We address the problem of how to integrate health information systems in low-income African countries in which technical infrastructure and human resources vary wildly within countries. We describe a set of tools to meet the needs of different service areas including managing aggregate indicators, patient level record systems, and mobile tools for community outreach. We present the case of Sierra Leone and use this case to motivate and illustrate an architecture that allows us to provide services at each level of the health system (national, regional, facility and community) and provide different configurations of the tools as appropriate for the individual area. Finally, we present a, collaborative implementation of this approach in Sierra Leone.

  11. Chemical control trials against Phytophthora capsici (Leon on pepper cultivations in Morocco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pussemier, L.

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Chemical control trials against Phytophthora capsici (Leon on pepper cultivations in Morocco. Pepper protection trials against collar and root rot have been undertaken under laboratory and culture conditions using Aliette (80 % of phosethylaluminium and Ridomil M 58 (10 % of metalaxyl associated to 48 % of maneb. It has been proved that, contrary to Ridomil M 58, Aliette does not protect the hostplant when the Phytophthora capsici (Leon zoospores are used as inoculum. But both fongicides are active when inoculating with a mycelian suspension. Trials undertaken under plastic glasshouses confirmed the laboratory results both with an artificial inoculation and with a natural one on contaminated soil. Only Ridomil M 58 provides satisfactory protection during the first weeks after the treatment. When disease propagation conditions are particularly favorable (permanent presence of an active inoculum source, the protection given by repeated Ridomil M 58 applications gradually disappears after a few weeks.

  12. Ponce de Leon Inlet, FL: An Integrated Hydrodynamic and Morphologic Assessment of Design Alternatives using the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Coastal Modeling System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-01

    Ponce de Leon Inlet, FL: An Integrated Hydrodynamic and Morphologic Assessment of Design Alternatives using the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Ponce de Leon Inlet, FL: An Integrated Hydrodynamic and Morphologic Assessment of Design Alternatives...SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Shoaling and channel migration at Ponce de Leon Inlet, FL, have caused persistently hazardous navigation conditions

  13. Ensayo sobre Un nuevo plan de administracion en el Nuevo Reino de Granada

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Narino, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    ...: un ensayo con el titulo casi anacronico de "Un nuevo plan de administracion" para el Virreinato. Con altivez lo presento desde la carcel "al Excelentisimo senor Virrey para que lo dirigiese a su Majestad". Este ensayo es una de las obras menos recordadas de Antonio Narino, pero reviste especial interes porque resume el "estado del arte" del pensamiento economico de los ilustrados de su epoca en lo que hoy es territorio colombiano y prefigura los principales debates economicos del pais durante el siglo...

  14. The logistic model for predicting the non-gonoactive Aedes aegypti females El modelo logístico para predecir la frecuencia de hembras no gonoactivas en función del tamaño corporal y tipo de colecta, en poblaciones de Aedes aegypti, en Monterrey, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva

    2004-06-01

    .: seis de hembras capturadas en cebo humano, dos de nulíparas y dos colectadas en reposo intradomiciliar. Cada muestreo incluyó 60 hembras, en tres colonias endémicas para dengue, en Monterrey, Nuevo León, México, entre 1994 y 1996. Las hembras grávidas o con sangre en estómago fueron excluidas. Cada mosquito fue llevado al laboratorio y alimentado a repleción con sangre humana, y a las 48 horas los ovarios fueron disecados para registrar si estaban en fase gonoactiva o no. El tamaño corporal fue registrado por la longitud en mm del ala izquierda de cada mosquito. Se usó regresión logística para estimar la probabilidad de que una hembra fuera no gonoactiva, como una variable binaria, en función de la longitud alar, y del tipo de colecta. RESULTADOS: De las 600 hembras procesadas, 164 (27% permanecieron no gonoactivas, y su tamaño corporal mostró un intervalo (1.9-3.2 mm casi igual al total de las hembras (1.8-3.3 mm. El modelo de regresión logística fue significativo para estimar la probabilidad de que una hembra permanezca no gonoactiva (Y=1. El tipo de colecta no tuvo influencia significativa en la variable binaria, pero la probabilidad de no gonoactividad mostró una relación inversa con el tamaño corporal. CONCLUSIONES: Las poblaciones del vector del dengue en Monterrey, México, están integradas por hembras de tamaño muy variable. La regresión logística resultó útil para evaluar la probabilidad que tiene una hembra de quedar no gonoactiva después de una alimentación sanguínea. La necesidad de una segunda comida sanguínea está presente en cualquier mosquito, pero los pequeños tienen una mayor probabilidad de picar por segunda ocasión a una persona en un periodo de dos días, para poder madurar huevos.

  15. Malformación venosa de íleon terminal Venous malformation of the terminal ileum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idalmis Montero Reyes

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available El sangrado digestivo bajo en pediatría es infrecuentemente causado por malformaciones vasculares. Se presenta un adolescente con una malformación venosa de íleon terminal que se inició con sangrado y obstrucción intestinal y se muestran sus características radiológicas e histológicas, así como la técnica quirúrgica empleada para la resección.

  16. MODE OF PRODUCTION ANS EDUCATION: QUESTIONS ON THE MODE OF LIFE: A CONTRIBUTION OF LEON TROTSKY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celi Zulke Taffarel

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The text addresses the importance of consideration of the contribution of Leon Trotsky - when you look at the issue of mode of life resulting from the general production of existence - to think clearly articulate an educational proposal for the construction of socialist history project. The need to think the human based on the question of cultural activists, on the fight for a policy of cultural formation.

  17. MODE OF PRODUCTION ANS EDUCATION: QUESTIONS ON THE MODE OF LIFE: A CONTRIBUTION OF LEON TROTSKY

    OpenAIRE

    Celi Zulke Taffarel; Cláudio de Lira Santos Júnior

    2009-01-01

    The text addresses the importance of consideration of the contribution of Leon Trotsky - when you look at the issue of mode of life resulting from the general production of existence - to think clearly articulate an educational proposal for the construction of socialist history project. The need to think the human based on the question of cultural activists, on the fight for a policy of cultural formation.

  18. Transmission dynamics of Ebola virus disease and intervention effectiveness in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Li-Qun; Yang, Yang; Jiang, Jia-Fu; Yao, Hong-Wu; Kargbo, David; Li, Xin-Lou; Jiang, Bao-Gui; Kargbo, Brima; Tong, Yi-Gang; Wang, Ya-Wei; Liu, Kun; Kamara, Abdul; Dafae, Foday; Kanu, Alex; Jiang, Rui-Ruo; Sun, Ye; Sun, Ruo-Xi; Chen, Wan-Jun; Ma, Mai-Juan; Dean, Natalie E; Thomas, Harold; Longini, Ira M; Halloran, M Elizabeth; Cao, Wu-Chun

    2016-04-19

    Sierra Leone is the most severely affected country by an unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa. Although successfully contained, the transmission dynamics of EVD and the impact of interventions in the country remain unclear. We established a database of confirmed and suspected EVD cases from May 2014 to September 2015 in Sierra Leone and mapped the spatiotemporal distribution of cases at the chiefdom level. A Poisson transmission model revealed that the transmissibility at the chiefdom level, estimated as the average number of secondary infections caused by a patient per week, was reduced by 43% [95% confidence interval (CI): 30%, 52%] after October 2014, when the strategic plan of the United Nations Mission for Emergency Ebola Response was initiated, and by 65% (95% CI: 57%, 71%) after the end of December 2014, when 100% case isolation and safe burials were essentially achieved, both compared with before October 2014. Population density, proximity to Ebola treatment centers, cropland coverage, and atmospheric temperature were associated with EVD transmission. The household secondary attack rate (SAR) was estimated to be 0.059 (95% CI: 0.050, 0.070) for the overall outbreak. The household SAR was reduced by 82%, from 0.093 to 0.017, after the nationwide campaign to achieve 100% case isolation and safe burials had been conducted. This study provides a complete overview of the transmission dynamics of the 2014-2015 EVD outbreak in Sierra Leone at both chiefdom and household levels. The interventions implemented in Sierra Leone seem effective in containing the epidemic, particularly in interrupting household transmission.

  19. Energy possibilities from forest residues in the region of Castilla y Leon in Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delgado, J.U. [Consejeria del Medio Ambiente y Ordenacion del Territorio, Valladolid (Spain). Direccion General del Medio Natural; Giraldo, G.A. [Valladolid Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Ingenieria Quimica

    1995-07-01

    This paper analyses the potential forest biomass existing in the autonomous region of Castilla y Leon in Spain. The presentation shows some possible applications for the use of forest biomass as fuel in previously adapted classic ovens. This study analyses the economic result of the application of forest biomass for fuel. A comparative economic study of the use of forest biomass and other traditional fuels demonstrates the profitability of such biomass as a source of complementary energy. (author)

  20. On SPARC LEON-2 ISA Extensions Experiments for MPEG Encoding Acceleration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Guironnet de Massas

    2007-01-01

    of a demanding step of the MPEG encoding. The result is a performance increase of 67% in the execution of a part of this algorithm, allowing us to expect a 30% speedup in the execution of an MPEG video compression. The area increase of the integer unit is about 18% and the clock frequency is not significantly modified in an LEON-2 implementing 6 among 12 of the new instructions.

  1. Geoheritage value of the UNESCO site at Leon Viejo and Momotombo volcano, Nicaragua

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Wyk de Vries, Benjamin; Navarro, Martha; Espinoza, Eveling; Delgado, Hugo

    2017-04-01

    The Momotombo volcano has a special place in the history of Nicaragua. It is perfectly visible from the Capital, Managua, and from the major city of Leon. The old capital "Leon Viejo", founded in 1524 was abandoned in 1610, after a series of earthquakes and some major eruptions from Momotombo. The site was subsequently covered by Momotombo ash. A major geothermal power plant stands at the base of the volcano. Momotombo had been dormant for a hundred years, but had maintained high fumarole temperatures (900°C), indicating magma had been close to the surface for decades. In recent years, seismic activity has increased around the volcano. In December 2015, after a short ash eruption phase the volcano erupted lava, then a string of Vulcanian explosions. The volcano is now in a phase of small Vulcanian explosions and degassing. The Leon Viejo World Heritage site is at risk to mainly ash fall from the volcano, but the abandonment of the old city was primarily due to earthquakes. Additional risks come from high rainfall during hurricanes. There is an obvious link between the cultural site (inscribed under UNESCO cultural criteria) and the geological environment. First, the reactivation of Momotombo volcano makes it more important to revise the hazard of the site. At the same time, Leon Viejo can provide a portal for outreach related to the volcano and for geological risk in general. To maximise this, we provide a geosite inventory of the main features of Momotombo, and it's environs, that can be used as the first base for such studies. The volcano was visited by many adventure tourists before the 2015/2016 eruption, but is out of bounds at present. Alternative routes, around the volcano could be made, to adapt to the new situation and to show to visitors more of the geodiversity of this fascinating volcano-tectonic and cultural area.

  2. de Nuevo León

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Chávez González

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo, sobre los valores de los estudiantes de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la UANL, se describen las formas en que los estudiantes usan su tiempo libre y los valores que privilegian en ello; el aspecto religión-religiosidad y su importancia como elemento de identidad; cualidades que los identifican en lo individual, pero principalmente como parte de una comunidad académica; y, por último, los intereses o expectativas que tienen en su mundo de vida, porque éstos también traducen orientaciones valorales más o menos claras, por lo menos en esta etapa de los estudiantes. Se considera que los estudiantes se encuentran entre la tradición y el cambio, y que sus orientaciones valorales aparecen matizadas por los nuevos tiempos, oscilando desde lo tradicional hasta lo posmoderno.

  3. EXPLORANDO EL INFORMACIONALISMO: NUEVOS ESCENARIOS DE DOMINACIÓN, NUEVOS ESCENARIOS DE DISPUTA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Zanotti

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo discute una serie de planteos en torno a transformaciones recientes del capitalismo a escala global, marcadas por la transición hacia un modo de desarrollo informacional. Sostendremos la tesis de que el despliegue informacional presenta una realidad ambivalente, que demuestra una serie de tensiones y disputas presentes en la actualidad. Ellas se manifiestan en dos caras o realidades que atraen la atención de numerosos investigadores. Las entenderemos como nuevos escenarios de dominación y nuevos escenarios de disputa. Existen ciertos puntos de confluencia en torno a la centralidad del conocimiento, el trabajo inmaterial y los bienes informacionales en los procesos de acumulación actuales. Hablamos así de un capitalismo informacional, flexible y cognitivo, intentando con ello realzar diferentes aspectos. Del otro lado, revisamos tres escenarios de disputa a menudo interrelacionados: la disputa por la democratización del espacio virtual como nuevo espacio público, la disputa por formas de organización de la producción desconcentradas y la autonomía del trabajo inmaterial, y la disputa por las formas de propiedad y apropiación que rigen los bienes informacionales. En función de todo ello, diversos colectivos y organizaciones contribuyen a una problematización de las formas dominantes de entender la tecnología y su significación social.

  4. NUEVOS FÁRMACOS EN DIABETES MELLITUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DRA. Carmen Gloria Aylwin H.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Por más de 60 años se dispuso solo de tres grupos farmacológicos para el tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus (DM: la insulina, la metformina y las sulfonilureas. Sin embargo, en los últimos años y como consecuencia de los avances en el conocimiento de la patogenia de la DM2 se han desarrollado nuevos fármacos con novedosos mecanismos de acción y con diferentes perfiles de seguridad, entre ellos los compuestos con efecto incretina y los glucosúricos que actúan en los trastornos a nivel intestinal y renal presentes en la DM2. La disponibilidad de múltiples opciones terapéuticas está produciendo profundos cambios en la terapia farmacológica de la DM2. Se logran enfoques terapéuticos más fisiopatológicos pero sobre todo permiten un manejo más personalizado y ajustado a las características y riesgos individuales de los pacientes, privilegiando junto al control glicémico, la seguridad terapéutica. En esta revisión se analizarán los nuevos fármacos con efecto incretina, los agonistas del péptido similar al glucagón tipo 1 (AR-GLP1 e inhibidores de la dipeptidil peptidasa 4 (IDPP-4, y los inhibidores de los cotransportadores sodio-glucosa tipo 2 (ISLGT2 que aumentan la excreción renal de glucosa.

  5. El nuevo ecosistema mediático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joao Canavilhas

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Originalmente usado para describir la relación entre la blogosfera y la mediasfera, el concepto de Ecosistema Mediático se extendió a otro tipo de relaciones, pasando a designar  todo el complejo sistema de relaciones entre los medios de comunicación. Las nuevas formas de interacción, con los contenidos y los cambios en el consumo mediático motivados por la movilidad y las nuevas interfaces, han producido alteraciones importantes en los propios medios de comunicación que han tenido que adaptarse a esta nueva realidad.Tomando como punto de partida el concepto original de Ecología, tratamos de identificar un conjunto de  elementos que ayuden a aclarar el concepto de  Ecosistema Mediático, en particular en lo que respecta a los diversos factores que influyen en él. Se trata de trazar un paralelo entre los dos ecosistemas –biológico y mediático­­–  buscando formas de integrar las novedades relacionadas con la evolución técnica de los medios, las herramientas y aplicaciones que están cambiando las funciones y contenidos de los medios tradicionales, o alterando la forma de consumo mediático.La propuesta que se hace busca la integración de nuevos conceptos que ahora se estudian de forma fragmentada y, a veces, descontextualizada del nuevo entorno mediático.

  6. Socio-economic modelling of rotavirus vaccination in Castilla y Leon, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Rubio, Alberto; Luquero, Francisco Javier; Eiros Bouza, Jose María; Castrodeza Sanz, Jose Javier; Bachiller Luque, Maria Rosario; de Lejarazu, Raúl Ortiz; Sánchez Porto, Antonio

    2011-09-01

    Rotavirus is one of the main causes of acute gastroenteritis in infants and young children. Furthermore, rotavirus is the leading cause of hospitalization and death from acute gastroenteritis among infants and young children worldwide. Although death due to rotavirus is rare in industrialized regions such as Spain, the rotavirus disease burden and its economic impact is severe. This study aims to assess systematic vaccination against rotavirus economically and socially in a Spanish region. Economic cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit assessment through a choice tree was designed. We estimated health provider costs, economic costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) lost due to rotavirus infections. The study includes a fictitious cohort of 100,000 children from Castilla y Leon who were also administered the rotavirus vaccine together with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis (DTP) . The study adopted a society and health care system perspective. A sensitivity analysis was developed to assess the uncertainty of some variables. According to the estimated incidence rate for children in Castilla y Leon, rotavirus immunization is projected to prevent 45% of cases with RotaTeq and 57% with Rotarix. The respective cost per QALY is about Euro 75,000 and 50,000 from the perspective of the health care system. Routine infant vaccination in Castilla y Leon using either rotavirus vaccine is not profitable from the payer's perspective and is not cost-effective under basic case assumptions unless the vaccine is available at a lower cost.

  7. Chinese military medical teams in the Ebola outbreak of Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yinying; Rong, G; Yu, S P; Sun, Z; Duan, X; Dong, Z; Xia, H; Zhan, N; Jin, C; Ji, J; Duan, H

    2016-06-01

    The 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa was the largest in history. The three most affected countries, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, have faced enormous challenges in controlling transmission and providing clinical care for patients with EVD. The Chinese government, in response to the requests of the WHO and the governments of the affected countries, responded rapidly by deploying Chinese military medical teams (CMMTs) to the areas struck by the deadly epidemic. A total of three CMMTs, comprising 115 military medical professionals, were rotationally deployed to Freetown, Sierra Leone to assist with infection prevention and control, clinical care and health promotion and training. Between 1 October 2014 and 22 March 2015, the CMMTs in Sierra Leone admitted and treated a total of 773 suspected and 285 confirmed EVD cases. Among the 285 confirmed cases, 146 (51.2%) patients survived after treatment. In addition, the CMMTs maintained the record of zero infections among healthcare workers and zero cross-infections between quarantined patients. In this manuscript, we aim to give an overview of the mission, and share our best practices experience on predeployment preparedness, EVD holding and treatment centre building and EVD case management. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  8. Herbs and herbal combinations used to treat suspected malaria in Bo, Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranasinghe, Shamika; Ansumana, Rashid; Lamin, Joseph M; Bockarie, Alfred S; Bangura, Umaru; Buanie, Jacob A G; Stenger, David A; Jacobsen, Kathryn H

    2015-05-26

    Most adults in West Africa treat acute febrile illnesses with local herbs, but the patterns of herbs used for malaria have not been recently described in Sierra Leone. We used a population-based cross-sectional approach to interview 810 randomly-sampled rural and urban adult residents of Bo, Sierra Leone, in December 2013 and January 2014 about their use of herbal remedies when they suspect they have malaria. In total, 55% of the participants reported taking one or more of seven herbs to treat symptoms of malaria. Among herb users, the most commonly used anti-malarial herbs were Moringa oleifera (moringa, 52%) and Sarcocephalus latifolius (yumbuyambay, 50%). The other herbs used included Senna siamea (shekutoure, 18%), Cassia sieberiana (gbangba, 18%), Uvaria afzelii (gone-botai, 14%), Morinda chrysorhiza (njasui, 14%), and Craterispermum laurinum (nyelleh, 7%). Combination herbal therapy was common, with 37% of herb users taking two or more herbs together when ill with suspected malaria. Indigenous medical knowledge about herbal remedies and combinations of local herbs remains an integral part of malaria case management in Sierra Leone. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. [Assessment of antibiotic use and impact of an intervention intended to modify the prescribing behavior in surgical prophylaxis in 6hospitals in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palacios-Saucedo, Gerardo Del Carmen; de la Garza-Camargo, Mauricio; Briones-Lara, Evangelina; Carmona-González, Sandra; García-Cabello, Ricardo; Islas-Esparza, Luis Arturo; Saldaña-Flores, Gustavo; González-Cano, Juan Roberto; González-Ruvalcaba, Román; Valadez-Botello, Francisco Javier; Muñoz-Maldonado, Gerardo Enrique; Montero-Cantú, Carlos Alberto; Díaz-Ramos, Rita Delia; Solórzano-Santos, Fortino

    2017-01-04

    Improper use of antibiotics increases antimicrobial resistance. Evaluate the use of antibiotics and the impact of an intervention designed to improve antibiotic prescription for surgical prophylaxis in 6 hospitals of Monterrey, Mexico. Design: A prospective multicenter survey and a pretest-postest experimental study. Phase 1: Survey to evaluate the use of antibiotics through an especially designed guide. Phase 2: Intervention designed to improve antibiotic prescription for surgical prophylaxis by the medical staff by using printed, audiovisual and electronic messages. Phase 3: Survey to evaluate the impact of the intervention. Frequencies, percentages, medians, ranges and X(2) test. Phase 1: We evaluated 358 surgical patients, 274 prophylactic antibiotic regimens. A total of 96% of antibiotics regimens began with inappropriate timing (290/302), 82.8% were inappropriate regimens (274/331), 77.7% were in inappropriate dosage (230/296), 86% of inadequate length (241/280), and in 17.4% restricted antibiotics were used (52/299). Phase 2: 9 sessions including 189 physicians (14 department chairs, 58 general practitioners and 117 residents). Phase 3: We evaluated 303 surgical patients, 218 prophylactic antibiotics regimens. Inappropriate treatment commencement was reduced to 84.1% (180/214) (P<0.001), inappropriate regimens to 75.3% (162/215) (P=0.03), inappropriate dosages to 51.2% (110/215) (P<0.001), and use of restricted antibiotics to 8.3% (18/215) (P=0.003). Inappropriate use of prophylactic antibiotics in surgery is a frequent problem in Monterrey. The intervention improved the antibiotic prescription for surgical prophylaxis by reducing inappropriate treatment commencement, regimens, dosages, and overuse of restricted antibiotics. It is necessary to strengthen strategies to improve the prescription of antibiotics in surgical prophylaxis. Copyright © 2016 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  10. Del precedente Constitucional al nuevo precedente contencioso Administrativo

    OpenAIRE

    Hernán Alejandro Olano García

    2011-01-01

    Desde el derecho procesal constitucional, se presenta el nuevo valor del precedente en el ordenamiento colombiano, como principio general en el cual se apoyan los jueces para dictar sus decisiones, tanto en materia constitucional como en materia contencioso administrativa.

  11. The Impact of Turnover in construction firms the state of Nuevo Leon / El impacto de la Rotación de Personal en las empresas constructoras del estado de Nuevo León

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Ramona Cabrera Piantini; María Teresa Ledezma Elizondo; Nora Livia Rivera Herrera

    2011-01-01

    Because of the importance oh the human resource, is important to do a research about their performance and how influence in the company. The object of this project is the turnover, the productivity and the efficiency of the construction workers, how element of the human resource in the actually construction companies. The important of this research is that was fount the relationship between the turnover, the productivity and the efficiency which means earns and losses for the construction com...

  12. The Impact of Turnover in construction firms the state of Nuevo Leon / El impacto de la Rotación de Personal en las empresas constructoras del estado de Nuevo León

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Ramona Cabrera Piantini

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Because of the importance oh the human resource, is important to do a research about their performance and how influence in the company. The object of this project is the turnover, the productivity and the efficiency of the construction workers, how element of the human resource in the actually construction companies. The important of this research is that was fount the relationship between the turnover, the productivity and the efficiency which means earns and losses for the construction companies. This research did taking the base a survey applied at 17 construction companies in the AMM. Them this results were analyze and it was described the relationship between the variables. Dada la importancia del factor humano, en la actualidad, es preciso realizar un estudio de su comportamiento para ver de qué manera influye en la empresa. Por tal motivo, esta investigación tiene por objeto de estudio la rotación de personal, la productividad y la eficiencia de los obreros de la construcción, como elementos del factor humano en el contexto de las empresas constructoras actuales. La importancia de esta investigación radica en que determinó la relación entre la rotación del personal con la productividad y la eficiencia, lo que se traduce en pérdidas o ganancias para la constructora. El presente trabajo se realizó considerando una muestra estadística de 17 empresas constructoras medianas del AMM, a las cuales se les aplicó un instrumento de medición a través de un cuestionario. Posteriormente se analizaron los resultados y se procedió a describir las variables y a determinar su relación.

  13. La Revolución Mexicana en Nuevo León (1908-1917: la irrupción pública de los empresarios en la política local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Herón Pérez Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La Revolución de 1910 traerá a Nuevo León la irrupción de distintos grupos armados en la ciudad de Monterrey, pero al mismo tiempo la aparición constante, en la administración pública, de los empresarios regiomontanos. Inicialmente significará el ocaso de la época reyista en la localidad. El avance modernizador económico se verá detenido por las acciones revolucionarias y militares en la entidad. Pero surgirá la "Comuna empresarial", como forma de organización cuya presencia intentará ordenar el caos revolucionario, aunque sea de manera local. El trabajo es un intento por señalar el impacto revolucionario en la entidad, pero al mismo tiempo es una narración desde la historiografía local, se bosqueja una crónica política detallada del periodo. Se aportan datos, nombres, fechas; se cuentan acciones y disposiciones.

  14. Nacionalismo y racismo en el México decimonónico. Nuevos enfoques, nuevos resultados

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    17 p.; International audience; Después de haber sido negado, el racismo que manifestaron los intelectuales y políticos mexicanos en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX es tratado ahora por los investigadores como una fatalidad de las sociedades post-coloniales. Proponemos en este artículo dos nuevos enfoques para renovar este debate. El primero consiste en encontrar una herramienta - segregación/discriminación - para definir el racismo que surgió en el México independiente y diferenciarlo del raci...

  15. DE NUEVO SOBRE LA DIGNIDAD HUMANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio-Carlos Pereira-Menaut

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available De la Segunda Guerra Mundial en adelante, la dignidad humana es recogida en muchas constituciones, declaraciones de derechos y tratados internacionales. Esto no significa que sea un concepto nuevo, pues su significado puede rastrearse sin dificultad en la tradición judeo-cristiana y, mucho más tarde, en la influyente comprensión kantiana; y tampoco significa que no haya tenido relación con el Derecho antes de 1945. Por otro lado, las nuevas tendencias filosóficas y antropológicas así como la politización del hombre, junto con los avances de la técnica, explican su presencia cada vez mayor en el Derecho. Sin embargo, la inclusión de la dignidad en los textos jurídicos no es capaz de agotar su significado —ni aunque los textos sean los constitucionales—, y el hecho de que los jueces la aleguen no significa que la empleen realmente como criterio para su decisión, como puede verse al estudiar algunas sentencias relevantes.

  16. Rebeldías del nuevo milenio.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Esther Ceceña

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available La revista ESPACIOS del Centro de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo (CINDES, de Quito, Ecuador, ha tenido la gentiliza de ofrecernos para su publicación una serie de entrevistas inéditas realizadas a destacados investigadores de las ciencias sociales, la política y la filosofía, acerca del presente histórico de las sociedades latinoamericanas. El objetivo de estas entrevistas es abrir una discusión teórica y práctica sobre la participación de los nuevos actores sociales en los liderazgos políticos y civiles de una sociedad latinoamericana que sigue enfrenta por el conflicto de la desigualdad, la exclusión y la injusticia social. La construcción y representación de la realidad pasa necesariamente por una reflexión donde la teoría y práctica del conocimientos inevitablemente deben ser contrastadas a través de las institucionalidades del poder.

  17. LOCALIZACIÓN DE CRIADEROS NO-RESIDENCIALES DE AEDES AEGYPTI Y SU ASOCIACIÓN CON CASOS DE DENGUE EN LA ZONA METROPOLITANA DE MONTERREY, NUEVO LEÓN, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    segovia, feliciano; FERNANDEZ, ILDEFONSO; REYES, FILIBERTO; alvarado, marcela; sanchez, rosa maria; Torres, Raul

    2010-01-01

    El dengue y sus variantes clásico y hemorrágico continúan incrementándose en México y representan un serio problema de salud pública. El desplazamiento del mosquito Vector Aedes aegypti de los domicilios humanos donde típicamente se ha encontrado hacia lotes baldíos, mercados, parques públicos y patios de empresas con bajos niveles de limpieza plantean un desafío a los actuales métodos de control enfocados únicamente a casas. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivos 1) evaluar la pres...

  18. Prevalencia de Trastornos de Sueño en Relación con Factores Sociodemográficos y Depresión en Adultos Mayores de Monterrey, México

    OpenAIRE

    Arnoldo Téllez; Dehisy Marisol Juárez-García; Leticia Jaime-Bernal; Cirilo Gracía-Cadena

    2016-01-01

    La prevalencia de síntomas de trastornos, calidad de sueño y depresión se evaluó en 313 adultos mayores en la ciudad de Monterrey, México con el Cuestionario de Trastornos de Sueño Monterrey, el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh y la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica de Yesavage. Los resultados indicaron que los adultos mayores presentaron 50% ron - quido, 24% piernas inquietas e insomnio, 44.1% mala calidad de sueño, y 62% síntomas de depresión. Los trastornos de sueño son los que má...

  19. Prevalencia de Trastornos de Sueño en Relación con Factores Sociodemográficos y Depresión en Adultos Mayores de Monterrey, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnoldo Téllez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La prevalencia de síntomas de trastornos, calidad de sueño y depresión se evaluó en 313 adultos mayores en la ciudad de Monterrey, México con el Cuestionario de Trastornos de Sueño Monterrey, el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh y la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica de Yesavage. Los resultados indicaron que los adultos mayores presentaron 50% ron - quido, 24% piernas inquietas e insomnio, 44.1% mala calidad de sueño, y 62% síntomas de depresión. Los trastornos de sueño son los que más afectan la calidad de sueño en esta población, por lo que es importante la detección y tratamiento de estos trastornos en los adultos mayores.

  20. Territorial identity and landscape. Evolution morphology of nuclei in Castilla y Leon; Identidad territorial y paisaje. Evolucion morfologica de los nucleos en Castilla y Leon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortes Pedrosa, J.

    2015-07-01

    This paper aims to study the physical and socioeconomic transformations of rural settlements belonging to the Spanish region of Castile and Leon, throughout the second half of the 20th century. The evolution of urban form is analyzed, using a geographical information system (GIS) and calculating several shape metrics, and is then related to historical demographical data. The results are meant to show the effects of functional specialization, caused by the integration of rural regions in global economic hierarchies, on settlement structures and patterns. Gradual loss of the traditional features of Castilian villages, such as urban compactness and integration in the landscape, due to the disappearance or neglect of vernacular architecture and the construction of new industrial infrastructures, poses a risk for future place-based development policies. It is deemed necessary to preserve local identity and avoid destruction or degradation of the traditional heritage for revitalizing these territories. (Author)

  1. An estimate of hernia prevalence in Sierra Leone from a nationwide community survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Hiten D; Groen, Reinou S; Kamara, Thaim B; Samai, Mohamed; Farahzad, Mina M; Cassidy, Laura D; Kushner, Adam L; Wren, Sherry M

    2016-01-01

    Purpose A large number of unrepaired inguinal hernias is expected in sub-Saharan Africa where late presentation often results in incarceration, strangulation, or giant scrotal hernias. However, no representative population-based data is available to quantify the prevalence of hernias. We present data on groin masses in Sierra Leone to estimate prevalence, barriers to care, and associated disability. Methods A cluster randomized, cross-sectional household survey of 75 clusters of 25 households with 2 respondents each was designed to calculate the prevalence of and disability caused by groin hernias in Sierra Leone using a verbal head-to-toe examination. Barriers to hernia repairs were assessed by asking participants the main reason for delay in surgical care. Results Information was obtained from 3645 respondents in 1843 households, of which 1669 (46%) were male and included in the study. In total, 117 males or 7.01% (95% CI 5.64-8.38) reported a soft or reducible swelling likely representing a hernia with four men having two masses. Of the 93.2% who indicated the need for health care, only 22.2% underwent a procedure, citing limited funds (59.0%) as the major barrier to care. On disability assessment, 20.2% were not able to work secondary to the groin swelling. Conclusions The results indicate groin masses represent a major burden for the male population in Sierra Leone. Improving access to surgical care for adult patients with hernias and early intervention for children will be vital to address the burden of disease and prevent complications or limitations of daily activity. PMID:24241327

  2. Support services for survivors of ebola virus disease - Sierra Leone, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee-Kwan, Seung Hee; DeLuca, Nickolas; Adams, Monica; Dalling, Matthew; Drevlow, Elizabeth; Gassama, Gladys; Davies, Tina

    2014-12-19

    As of December 6, 2014, Sierra Leone reported 6,317 laboratory-confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (Ebola), the highest number of reported cases in the current West Africa epidemic. The Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation reported that as of December 6, 2014, there were 1,181 persons who had survived and were discharged. Survivors from previous Ebola outbreaks have reported major barriers to resuming normal lives after release from treatment, such as emotional distress, health issues, loss of possessions, and difficulty regaining their livelihoods. In August 2014, a knowledge, attitude, and practice survey regarding the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone, administered by a consortium of partners that included the Ministry of Health and Sanitation, UNICEF, CDC, and a local nongovernmental organization, Focus 1000, found that 96% of the general population respondents reported some discriminatory attitude towards persons with suspected or known Ebola. Access to increased psychosocial support, provision of goods, and family and community reunification programs might reduce these barriers. Survivors also have unique potential to contribute to the Ebola response, particularly because survivors might have some immunity to the same virus strain. In previous outbreaks, survivors served as burial team members, contact tracers, and community educators promoting messages that seeking treatment improves the chances for survival and that persons who survived Ebola can help their communities. As caregivers in Ebola treatment units, survivors have encouraged patients to stay hydrated and eat and inspired them to believe that they, too, can survive. Survivors regaining livelihood through participation in the response might offset the stigma associated with Ebola.

  3. Traumatic Injuries in Developing Countries: Report from a Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey of Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Kerry-Ann; Groen, Reinou S.; Kamara, Thaim B.; Farahzard, Mina; Samai, Mohamed; Yambasu, Sahr E.; Cassidy, Laura D.; Kushner, Adam L.; Wren, Sherry M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Despite the tremendous disability and mortality caused by traumatic injuries worldwide, there is a relative dearth of information on the burden of injuries in developing countries. In an effort to document the surgical burden of disease in Sierra Leone, a nationwide survey was conducted utilizing the Surgeons OverSeas Assessment of Surgical Need (SOSAS) tool. Here, we report the injury data from this study with the aim to (1) provide an estimate of injury prevalence, (2) determine the mechanisms of injury, and (3) evaluate the degree of injury related deaths. Methods A population-based household survey was conducted in Sierra Leone in 2012. Participants were selected using a two-stage random sampling method, which generated a target population of 3750 participants across the 14 districts of Sierra Leone. Frequency distributions of mechanisms of injury based on age, sex, and urban versus rural residence were computed, and bivariate logistic regression models used to determine associations between sociodemographic factors and injury patterns. Results Data was analyzed from 1,843 households and 3,645 respondents, representing a response rate of 98.3%. Four hundred and fifty-two respondents (12.4%) reported at least one traumatic injury in the preceding year. Falls were the most common cause of non-fatal injuries, accounting for over 40% of injuries. The extremities were most commonly injured (55% of injuries) regardless of age or sex. Although motor vehicle related injuries were the 4th most common cause of injury overall, they were the leading cause of injury related deaths, accounting for almost 6% of fatal injuries. Conclusion This study provides baseline data on the burden of traumatic injuries in one of the world's poorest nations. In addition to injury prevention measures, immediate strategies to address current healthcare deficits are urgently needed in these resource poor areas. This report is an Original Article with Level I evidence. PMID:23325317

  4. The Impact of the West Africa Ebola Outbreak on Obstetric Health Care in Sierra Leone.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim J Brolin Ribacke

    Full Text Available As Sierra Leone celebrates the end of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD outbreak, we can begin to fully grasp its impact on already weak health systems. The EVD outbreak in West Africa forced many hospitals to close down or reduce their activity, either to prevent nosocomial transmission or because of staff shortages. The aim of this study is to assess the potential impact of EVD on nationwide access to obstetric care in Sierra Leone.Community health officers collected weekly data between January 2014-May 2015 on in-hospital deliveries and caesarean sections (C-sections from all open facilities (public, private for-profit and private non-profit sectors offering emergency obstetrics in Sierra Leone. This was compared to official data of EVD cases per district. Logistic and Poisson regression analyses were used to compute risk and rate estimates. Nationwide, the number of in-hospital deliveries and C-sections decreased by over 20% during the EVD outbreak. The decline occurred early on in the EVD outbreak and was mainly attributable to the closing of private not-for-profit hospitals rather than government facilities. Due to difficulties in collecting data in the midst of an epidemic, limitations of this study include some missing data points.Both the number of in-hospital deliveries and C-sections substantially declined shortly after the onset of the EVD outbreak. Since access to emergency obstetric care, like C-sections, is associated with decreased maternal mortality, many women are likely to have died due to the reduced access to appropriate care during childbirth. Future research on indirect health effects of health system breakdown should ideally be nationwide and continue also into the recovery phase. It is also important to understand the mechanisms behind the deterioration so that important health services can be reestablished.

  5. Uranium series isotopes concentration in sediments at San Marcos and Luis L. Leon reservoirs, Chihuahua, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Méndez-García, C.; Montero-Cabrera, M. E., E-mail: elena.montero@cimav.edu.mx [Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados, CIMAV, Miguel de Cervantes 120, 31109, Chihuahua, Chihuahua (Mexico); Renteria-Villalobos, M. [Facultad de Zootecnia y Ecología Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Periferico Francisco R. Almada Km 1, 31410, Chihuahua (Mexico); García-Tenorio, R. [Applied Nuclear Physics Group, University of Seville, ETS Arquitectura, Avda. Reina Mercedes s/n, 41012 Seville (Spain)

    2008-01-01

    Spatial and temporal distribution of the radioisotopes concentrations were determined in sediments near the surface and core samples extracted from two reservoirs located in an arid region close to Chihuahua City, Mexico. At San Marcos reservoir one core was studied, while from Luis L. Leon reservoir one core from the entrance and another one close to the wall were investigated. ²³²Th-series, ²³⁸U-series, ⁴⁰K and ¹³⁷Cs activity concentrations (AC, Bq kg⁻¹) were determined by gamma spectrometry with a high purity Ge detector. ²³⁸U and ²³⁴U ACs were obtained by liquid scintillation and alpha spectrometry with a surface barrier detector. Dating of core sediments was performed applying CRS method to ²¹⁰Pb activities. Results were verified by ¹³⁷Cs AC. Resulting activity concentrations were compared among corresponding surface and core sediments. High ²³⁸U-series AC values were found in sediments from San Marcos reservoir, because this site is located close to the Victorino uranium deposit. Low AC values found in Luis L. Leon reservoir suggest that the uranium present in the source of the Sacramento – Chuviscar Rivers is not transported up to the Conchos River. Activity ratios (AR) ²³⁴U/²³⁸U and ²³⁸U/²²⁶Ra in sediments have values between 0.9–1.2, showing a behavior close to radioactive equilibrium in the entire basin. ²³²Th/²³⁸U, ²²⁸Ra/²²⁶Ra ARs are witnesses of the different geological origin of sediments from San Marcos and Luis L. Leon reservoirs.

  6. Uranium series isotopes concentration in sediments at San Marcos and Luis L. Leon reservoirs, Chihuahua, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méndez-García, C.; Renteria-Villalobos, M.; García-Tenorio, R.; Montero-Cabrera, M. E.

    2014-07-01

    Spatial and temporal distribution of the radioisotopes concentrations were determined in sediments near the surface and core samples extracted from two reservoirs located in an arid region close to Chihuahua City, Mexico. At San Marcos reservoir one core was studied, while from Luis L. Leon reservoir one core from the entrance and another one close to the wall were investigated. 232Th-series, 238U-series, 40K and 137Cs activity concentrations (AC, Bq kg-1) were determined by gamma spectrometry with a high purity Ge detector. 238U and 234U ACs were obtained by liquid scintillation and alpha spectrometry with a surface barrier detector. Dating of core sediments was performed applying CRS method to 210Pb activities. Results were verified by 137Cs AC. Resulting activity concentrations were compared among corresponding surface and core sediments. High 238U-series AC values were found in sediments from San Marcos reservoir, because this site is located close to the Victorino uranium deposit. Low AC values found in Luis L. Leon reservoir suggest that the uranium present in the source of the Sacramento - Chuviscar Rivers is not transported up to the Conchos River. Activity ratios (AR) 234U/overflow="scroll">238U and 238U/overflow="scroll">226Ra in sediments have values between 0.9-1.2, showing a behavior close to radioactive equilibrium in the entire basin. 232Th/overflow="scroll">238U, 228Ra/overflow="scroll">226Ra ARs are witnesses of the different geological origin of sediments from San Marcos and Luis L. Leon reservoirs.

  7. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE JURIST AND ECONOMIST GHEORGHE N. LEON IN THE EVOLUTION OF FINANCIAL SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popa Carmen

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The economical-financial problems have always constituted a challenge far all the decisional factors at the state level and not only, thus the financial sciences which also aim to regulate the relationships to create, assign and use the financial funds of the state and of the public institutions, destined to satisfy the social-economical needs of the society recorded a great doctrinal interest. Thus, a series of jurists and economists had understand the necessity and opportunity of knowledge in the domain of financial science, of the financial law, taking into consideration the fact that the difficulties which they have met at those times obliged them to take the responsibility to make every simple citizen and every person with political or administrative responsibility by the state understand the problems of public administration. In approaching the given subject I have chosen to use some of the methods of scientific research, respectively: the historical method (financial science being presented succinct through the process of its evolution along the years, interpretation methods and a combination of quality and quantity approach, namely the method of analyzing archive documents and the studies of professor Gheorghe N. Leon. In these contexts have asserted and developed himself in the university and political environment, Gheorghe N. Leon, having a rich activity of intellectual creation, approaching in his works the complex aspects of the science of financial law. Thus, starting with the rules and principles of this domain, Gheorghe N. Leon had realized a veritable incursion in the history of finances and in the theory of taxation, public and budgetary credit. Analyzing a part of his scientific works, we can affirm that a personality with such a complex structure, like Gheorghe N. Leon is hard to define, but surely, through the prism of his works and through his long-lasting and rich scientific activity, his name can be mentioned among the

  8. Vision to reality: From Robert R. Wilson's frontier to Leon M. Lederman's Fermilab

    CERN Document Server

    Hoddeson, Lillian H; 10.1007/s000160300003

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the roles of vision and leadership in creating and directing Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory from the late 1960s through the 1980s. The story divides into two administrations having different problems and accomplishments, that of Robert R. Wilson (1967-1978), which saw the transformation from cornfield to frontier physics facility, and that of Leon Max Lederman (1979-1989), in which the laboratory evolved into one of the world's major high-energy facilities. Lederman's pragmatic vision of a user-based experimental community helped him to convert the pioneering facility that Wilson had built frugally into a laboratory with a stable scientific, cultural, and funding environment.

  9. "Caliban," a poem by Syl Cheney-Coker or Caliban in Sierra Leone 

    OpenAIRE

    Fioupou, Christiane

    2015-01-01

    Une traduction française du poème "Caliban," du romancier et poète sierra-léonais Syl Cheney-Coker, est proposée ici à la suite du texte original ; le poème est précédé d’une courte présentation qui introduit les commentaires du poète sur "son Caliban" et la société krio de Sierra Leone.

  10. Practical aspects of mobilising property tax: experience in Sierra Leone and Malawi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Fish

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Much literature has been written about the appeal of property tax as a stable source of revenue for subnational governments in developing countries. Building on this significant background of literature is the author’s practical experience working in local government institutions within both Sierra Leone and Malawi. This article relates to the development and testing of a process of mobilizing the internally generated property tax revenues of local governments, and reports on the results of that process, and the challenges and lessons learned.

  11. Post-traumatic stress symptoms among former child soldiers in Sierra Leone: follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betancourt, Theresa S; Newnham, Elizabeth A; McBain, Ryan; Brennan, Robert T

    2013-09-01

    Former child soldiers are at risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, the trajectory of symptoms has yet to be examined. The risk and protective factors associated with PTSD symptom change among former child soldiers in Sierra Leone were investigated. Data from 243 former child soldiers (mean age 16.6 years, 30% female) were analysed. Self-reported rates of possible PTSD using standard cut-off points declined from 32% to 16% 4 years later (Pchild soldiers despite limited access to care. Family and community support played a vital part in promoting psychological adjustment.

  12. Hiperplasia linfoide de íleon terminal, presentación de un caso

    OpenAIRE

    Arley Fajardo Ochoa; Mariela González Acosta; Migdalia Leyva Peña

    2014-01-01

    Se presenta el caso de un adolescente masculino de 16 años de edad que acudió a la consulta por dolor abdominal recurrente, localizado en la fosa ilíaca derecha, el cual había recibido tratamiento sintomático con antiespasmódicos y antiparasitarios sin lograr mejoría del dolor, por lo que fue remitido a la consulta de Gastroenterología donde se le realizaron exámenes complementarios que evidenciaron la existencia de una patología en el íleon terminal, se remitió al Instituto de Gastroenterolo...

  13. The Ebola virus disease outbreak and the mineral sectors of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermúdez-Lugo, Omayra; Menzie, William D.

    2015-01-01

    The mineral sector plays a key role in the economies of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The onset of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in early 2014, together with changes in mineral market conditions, raised questions regarding the status of mining operations and of mineral development and exploration projects in all three countries. Mineral projects were the underpinnings of World Bank short-term forecasts of increases in gross domestic product (GDP) for all three countries and were expected to be the basis of future economic growth. The significant delay or cancellation of these projects could result in a major economic setback for all three countries.

  14. Migraciones forzosas, nuevos refugios y derechos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gortázar Rotaeche, Cristina

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The article at hand attempts to string together a reflection on the awkward limits concerning the concepts of economic immigration, new refugees (persons warranting international protection who do not fall under the out-dated demands of the Geneva Convention on Refugees and refugees protected by this Convention. The obvious reason that International Law covers refugee status and rarely does so regarding cases of economic immigration is that, historically, International Law has dictated that migratory movements respond to more or less voluntary motives, while the term refugee implies that a person has no possibility for protection in his or her State of origin. However, in present-day International Law, we find a lack of precision: Are migrations from the Third World voluntary? If the answer is no, which cases are voluntary and which are not? Or perhaps, are only those migration provoked by the State of origin to be considered involuntary ?.Then, how to consider human migrations caused by natural disasters? Finally, the answer of States to forced migration and the protection of «new refugees» brings with it a coherent response vis-à-vis cultural diversity, since this will be a determining factor in the so-called «integration» of the immigrants and refugees. Moreover, any reflexion on the peaceful co-existence of different cultures leads us to the never-ending debate on the origin of fundamental human rights and their universal nature.

    El presente artículo intenta hilvanar una reflexión sobre los escurridizos límites entre los conceptos de inmigración económica, nuevos refugiados (personas dignas de protección internacional que no responden a las rancias exigencias del Convenio de Ginebra sobre refugiados y refugiados amparados por dicho Convenio. La razón prístina para que el Derecho internacional se ocupe de los supuestos de refugio y apenas lo haga con respecto a los casos de inmigración económica está en que, desde

  15. El nuevo horno giratorio Lepol en Kiefersfelden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihlefeldt, H.

    1958-06-01

    Full Text Available Not availableDesde la fundación de la fábrica en Kiefersfelden se ha trabajado allí con hornos giratorios. Durante los últimos años el rendimiento ha aumentado constantemente, por lo cual crecía la cantidad de polvo y gases de expulsión. Con el montaje de una instalación para la separación del polvo por ciclones, se consiguió una disminución importante del polvo, pero no se resolvió el problema de los humos. Se hicieron ensayos muy costosos de separación de polvo por humedad y por filtros Lühr, en parte en Kiefersfelden y en parte en la sucursal de Blaubeuren, pero sin el éxito esperado. Es cierto que se habían empleado filtros eléctricos en instalaciones más antiguas, pero en nuestros hornos modernos, de alto rendimiento, que funcionan muy económicamente, se había prohibido su empleo, a causa de la baja temperatura de los gases. Este problema se ha resuelto hace poco tiempo. En Blaubeuren se ha conseguido mantener automáticamente la temperatura de los gases constantemente en la misma altura, de manera que ahora se pueden usar allí los filtros eléctricos. Esta posibilidad existe también en Kiefersfelden, pero sería preciso parar los hornos por algún tiempo y transformarlos uno por uno. Como la región de Kiefersfelden tiene un paisaje hermoso, pero circundado por montañas, el humo se nota mucho más que en regiones situadas en el llano. A pesar de los gastos considerables, la Dirección decidió cambiar y montar un gran nuevo horno.

  16. Learning styles and types of multiple intelligences in dental students in their first and tenth semester. Monterrey, Mexico, 2015.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Solís-Soto

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nowadays the incorporation and validation of learning styles and multiple intelligences enable teachers to obtain positive results in academic performance. This new approach has allowed to appreciate personal differences in dental students and strengthen their underdeveloped aspects, improving teaching and learning skills. Objective: To compare learning styles and multiple intelligences in a sample of Mexican dental students in their first and tenth semester. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study using questionnaires on learning styles (Honey-Alonso and Gardner’s multiple intelligences was performed. The study was applied to 123 students in their first semester and 157 in their tenth semester at the School of Dentistry at Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, evaluating differences between age and sex. Results: Logical-Mathematical intelligence (p=0.044 and Kinesthetic-Corporal intelligence (p=0.042 showed significant differences between students of both semesters, with intrapersonal and interpersonal intelligences being more prevalent. Within learning styles, the prevalent were Reflexive and Theoretical, showing a significant difference between semesters (p=0.005. Conclusion: The most prevalent learning styles in both groups were Reflexive and Theoretical, with no difference between both sexes. The most prevalent types of multiple intelligences in both sexes and groups were interpersonal and intrapersonal.

  17. Containing Ebola: A Test for Post-Conflict Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cathy Haenlein

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Ebola has provided the greatest test of the Sierra Leonean security sector – and, in turn, of the UK-led reforms of the past ten-to-fifteen years. The performance of the country's security forces at the height of the crisis suggests that there are sound structures in place; however, Ebola has shown that the Government of Sierra Leone's national security architecture still lacks maturity in responding to such a scenario. Drawing on first-hand interviews with advisers on the ground, this article explores the Sierra Leone government’s response to the Ebola crisis and the performance of the security sector so far, within the wider context of UK-led security-sector reform (SSR since the end of the civil war. In doing so, it highlights a number of lessons to have emerged from the crisis, exploring what these reveal about the nature of the reforms implemented since the end of the country's civil war. In turn, it explores what these suggest for future SSR, which continues to be a core component of the UK’s approach to development and overseas capacity-building.

  18. [M.A. Mendes de Leon (1856-1924), a founding father of gynaecology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammes, F B

    2008-04-19

    M.A. Mendes de Leon (1856-1924) was appointed private lecturer at the Department of Obstetrics of the University of Amsterdam in 1884. He promoted gynaecology in the Netherlands as a separate speciality, partly because of the new surgical possibilities following the discoveries of anaesthesia and antisepsis, but also due to the prevailing belief that the physiology of reproduction qualified the physical and psychological disorders of women. In his private gynaecological clinic he devoted himself to the surgery of ovarian tumours, uterus myomatosus and genital prolapse, but also to the diagnosis and treatment of supposed inflammations of the cervix and endometrium as cause of psychological disorders. In this he followed the opinions of contemporary English gynaecologists. As he was not aware of physiological histology, he nearly always found signs of inflammation. He treated this with curettage and drastic caustics, sometimes after using a dilation knife (hysterotome) for the cervix. At the turn of the twentieth century Dutch gynaecologists such as Treub and Nijhoff began to cast doubt on such theories of "reflex neurosis", but Mendes de Leon persisted in his views. Nevertheless, he can still be considered one of the founding fathers of gynaecology in the Netherlands, partly because of his surgical skills, but also due to his study into the interaction between gynaecological and psychological problems.

  19. Ebola virus disease: caring for patients in Sierra Leone - a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andertun, Sara; Hörnsten, Åsa; Hajdarevic, Senada

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to describe Norwegian healthcare staffs' experiences of participating in care of patients with Ebola virus disease in Sierra Leone. Ebola is one of the most feared viruses known. Ebola virus disease is highly contagious with high mortality. The few qualitative studies made on experiences among healthcare professionals have highlighted problems as lack of protective resources, insufficient personnel and risk of societal stigmatization. Descriptive study with qualitative approach. Individual narrative and focus group interviews were obtained during 2015 with eight nurses and one physician who had worked in Ebola care in Sierra Leone. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in the two themes: 'Experiencing security by learning to manage risks'; and 'Developing courage and growth by facing personal fears'. Subthemes were: 'Relying on safeguard actions', 'Managing risk of contagion', 'Developing strategies for care despite risks', 'Constantly reminded of death', 'Successively defeating fears' and last, 'Increasing motivation through meaningfulness'. The participants described the reliance on training, organized effort, strict guidelines and equipment. They were respectful of the risk of transmission, made risk assessments, took responsibility, handled risky situations and were reminded of suffering and death. Despite challenges, the hazardous work with Ebola virus disease patients was experienced as meaningful which was an important motivator. Safe care was central in working with Ebola patients, but the care relation was challenged. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Handling postpartum haemorrhage- obstetrics between tradition and modernity in post-war Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bräuer, Miriam Dorothea; Antón, Jorge; George, Peter Matthew; Kuntner, Liselotte; Wacker, Jürgen

    2015-04-01

    How traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in post-war Sierra Leone explain, handle and prevent postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and their potential role in a better management of PPH to reduce maternal mortality in this low resource setting. Semi-quantitative interviews about knowledge and measures in PPH and participant observation with 140 Sierra Leonean birth attendants, divided in three groups: (A) TBAs who never attended any official training course (n = 82); (B) TBAs who attended at least one official training course (n = 48); and (C) officially trained birth attendants (n = 10). There are several observable gaps in the knowledge of TBAs about PPH compared to modern obstetrics, however similar procedures exist. Herbal medicine is applied; metaphysical convictions about PPH remain present. Training courses show an impact. Officially trained birth attendants demonstrate knowledge deficiencies and lack resources and infrastructure to manage PPH adequately. Morbidity and mortality of PPH in Sierra Leone is related to several factors and not solely to the ignorance of TBAs. TBAs still play an important role for many women there. Hence improvement of the formal health sector should be combined with life-saving programmes integrating TBAs in the care for the pregnant, delivering and breastfeeding mothers. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  1. Sierra Leone. Secret societies leaders are engaged in the fight against FGM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koso-thomas, O

    1995-04-01

    Both the Sierra Leone Association on the Welfare of Women and the Inter-African Committee (IAC) on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children have targeted the Sowies--leaders of the Secret Societies of Women--for education on the dangers of female genital mutilation. The Sowies, believed to have power to invoke ancestral spirits and knowledgeable in the art of using medicinal herbs, are also traditional birth attendants who perform female circumcision. Initially, Sowies were resistant to participate in any program organized by a group whose members were not initiated into the Secret Societies. However, contact with the head of Western Sierra Leone Sowies facilitated presentation of an educational program on the health hazards of female genital mutilation. This head subsequently attended the 1990 IAC Regional Conference where she heard testimonies from former circumcisers who had found new occupations. On her return, she designed a project to provide skills acquisition to 20 Sowies who would agree to "lay down the knife" and educate 6000 Secret Societies initiates on the dangers of female circumcision. Interest was so great that 38 Sowies were enrolled in a two-week training in soap making, bread making, cloth dying, organization and management of petty trading business, marketing and sales, simple business management, accounting, and savings.

  2. A Modified Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System to Assess Diabetes Self-management Behaviors and Diabetes Care in Monterrey Mexico: A Cross-sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco González-Salazar

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM is one of the leading causes of death from worldwide non-communicable diseases. The prevalence of diabetes in the Mexico (MX–United States border states exceeds the national rate in both countries. The economic burden of diabetes, due to decreased productivity, disability, and medical costs, is staggering and increases significantly when T2DM-related complications occur. The purpose of this study was to use a modified behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS to describe the T2DM self-management behaviors, diabetes care, and health perception of a convenience sample of adults with T2DM in Monterrey, MX. This cross-sectional study design, with convenience sampling, was conducted with a convenience sample (n = 351 of adults in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, MX who self-reported a diagnosis of T2DM. Potential participants were recruited from local supermarkets. Twenty-six diabetes and health-related items were selected from the BRFSS and administered in face-to-face interviews by trained data collectors. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics. The mean age was 47 years, and the mean length of time with T2DM was 12 years. The majority was taking oral medication and 34% required insulin. Daily self-monitoring of feet was performed by 56% of the participants; however, only 8.8% engaged in blood glucose self-monitoring. The mean number of health-care provider visits was 9.09 per year, and glycated hemoglobin level (HbA1c was assessed 2.6 times per year. Finally, only 40.5% of the participants recalled having a dilated eye exam. We conclude the modified BRFSS survey administered in a face-to-face interview format is an appropriate tool for assessing engagement in T2DM self-management behaviors, diabetes care, and health perception. Extension of the use of this survey in a more rigorous design with a larger scale survey is encouraged.

  3. The interaction between solitons and chaotic behaviours of (2 + 1)-dimensional Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli system%(2+1)维Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli系统的混沌行为及孤子间的相互作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马松华; 强继业; 方建平

    2007-01-01

    利用改进的变系数的Riccati方程映射法,得到了(2+1)维Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli系统(BLP)的新显式精确解.根据得到的解,研究了BLP系统的混沌行为及孤子间的相互作用.

  4. Estado, derecho y nuevo orden mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando José Cadrazco Salcedo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Con el surgimiento de actores internacionales no estatales, aunque no solo por ellos, la política internacional seha convertido en global. Las esferas de influencia de los Estados también se encuentran bajo revisión práctica ypolítica. Si se entiende la gobernabilidad global como un proyecto normativo, basado en la cooperación internacional,la conciliación de intereses y la justicia, debería desarrollarse los mecanismos para tematizar y combatirlos problemas globales que están en el ángulo muerto del horizonte de los actores globales fuertes. El término«globalización» apareció por primera vez en un diccionario enciclopédico en idioma inglés en el año 1961; hastamediados de los años 70 había aparecido en el título de muy pocos libros; desde los 80 se convirtió en una nociónclave en el debate de las ciencias sociales, y en los 90 entró en el léxico cotidiano.Palabras claves:Derecho Internacional Público; Globalización; Nuevo Orden Mundial; Estados; Economía; Naciones; Política; Gobernabilidad.Abstract:With the emergence of international non-state actors, but not just for them, international politics has become global.Spheres of influence of states also are under review policy and practice. If global governance is understood as apolicy, based on international cooperation, reconciliation of interests and justice should develop mechanisms tofocus on and combat global problems that are in the blind spot of the horizon of strong global players. The term “globalization”first appeared in an encyclopedic dictionary in English in the year 1961 until the mid-70s had appearedin the title of very few books; from the 80 became a key concept in the debate social sciences, and at 90 enteredthe everyday lexicon.Keywords:Public International Law, Globalization, New World Order; States; Economy; Nations; Policy; Governance

  5. Nuevos tiempos… en e-balonmano.com

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Feu Molina

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Los primeros años de una revista de carácter profesional, técnica y científica no son precisamente fáciles debido a la desconfianza que suscita en los posibles autores y lectores, que un proyecto de tal envergadura  pueda llegar a buen puerto, sobre todo si aparentemente parece estar gestionado desde "fuera del ámbito universitario". Aún así todavía seguimos en la red, www, con la ilusión inicial y el espíritu renovado para adaptarnos a los nuevos tiempos que se avecinan para las revistas publicadas en formato digital y en la web. Como aclaración a las comillas hay que señalar que e-balonmano surge en el seno de la Federación Extremeña de Balonmano pero desde sus inicios  el equipo editorial de la revista apostó por la calidad y el rigor académico y científico, rodeándose en los comités científico y editorial de miembros de la comunidad universitaria. Vaya desde aquí nuestro agradecimiento a todos y en especial a los profesores e investigadores de la Universidad de Extremadura que desde el principio han colaborado con esta revista. Estas aclaraciones vienen al caso de los cambios que la editorial de la revista ha adoptado con el objetivo de mantener una línea editorial regular en la edición de sus números, con un aumento en la calidad y  cantidad de artículos, y digo bien en este orden. Para lograr estos ambiciosos objetivos  e-balonmano ha adoptado medidas encaminadas a mejorar la calidad en la gestión de la revista, a mejorar su visibilidad y a aumentar el número de artículos publicados en cada sumario.

  6. El nuevo perfil profesional de los profesores de secundaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma Tribó Travería

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del artículo es definir el nuevo perfil profesional de los profesores de secundaria. Una de las debilidades del sistema educativo español es que ha cambiado el marco legal y no se ha aplicado un nuevo modelo de formación inicial a los docentes de secundaria. El debate sobre las competencias profesionales está en la base de la propuesta de las competencias específicas del profesor del futuro. Se insiste en la importancia de las prácticas profesionales en el proceso de adquisición y de desarrollo de las competencias profesionales. Se valora positivamente que el master de formación inicial del profesorado de secundaria tenga presente en su diseño este nuevo perfil competencial profesional.

  7. Mother Tongue Education and Transitional Literacy in Sierra Leone: Prospects and Challenges in the 21st Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamanda, Mohamed Combo

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the historical perspective relating to current problems facing mother tongue instruction in Sierra Leone and examines post-independence policies to highlight the institutional bases of mother tongue education and to consider causes of inertia and negative attitudes towards it since independence. (Author/VWL)

  8. An Examination of Primary School Attendance and Completion among Secondary School Age Adolescents in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyi, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Sierra Leone was ravaged by a civil war between 1991 and 2002. Since the end of the war, it has witnessed an unprecedented increase in school enrollments. Although school enrollment has increased, the number of school age children who are out of school remains high. The focus of international agencies is on children of primary school age, yet a…

  9. Environmental Scan on Education in Sierra Leone with Particular Reference to Open and Distance Learning and Information and Communication Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alghali, A.M.; Turay, Edward D.A.; Thompson, Ekundayo J.D.; Kandeh, Joseph B.A.

    2005-01-01

    The Sierra Leone National Education Master Plan 1997-2006 deals with all aspects of the formal and non-formal sectors of the education system, providing support for basic education, education for the physically challenged, disadvantaged and gifted learners, women and girls' education, technical/vocational and science education, tertiary education,…

  10. Examining Internet Usage Demographic Differences and the Relationship between Internet Usage and Business Outcomes in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamara, Mohamed K.

    2013-01-01

    This study utilized the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) to determine Internet users' perceptions and behavioral intentions to accept Wi-Fi technology deployment in Sierra Leone. The study sought to investigate (a) the Internet usage rates before and after Wi-Fi adaption in Freetown; (b) differences in Internet usage…

  11. Complete Genome Sequence of an Ebola Virus Isolate Imported from Sierra Leone to Germany Determined by Circle Sequencing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mengel, Jan Philipp; Lissin, Artur; Biedenkopf, Nadine; Schultze, Tilman; Mannala, Gopala Krishna; Schudt, Gordian; Kann, Gerrit; Wolf, Timo; Eickmann, Markus; Becker, Stephan

    2016-01-01

    We report here a complete genome sequence of Ebola virus Makona from a nonfatal patient sample that originated in Sierra Leone during the last Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa (species Zaire ebolavirus) using a highly accurate circle sequencing (Cir-seq) method.

  12. Situation Report--Algeria, Bangladesh, Fiji, Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Iran, Jordan, New Zealand, Rwanda, and Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in nine foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Algeria, Bangledesh, Fiji, Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Iran, Jordan, New Zealand, Rwanda, and Sierra Leone. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where…

  13. Description of Culicoides pseudoheliconiae sp.n. from Peruvian Amazon and revalidation of Culicoides contubernalis Ortiz & Leon (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luiza Felippe-Bauer

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available A new species of the Culicoides hylas species group, Culicoides pseudoheliconiae Felippe-Bauer is described and illustrated based on female specimens from Peruvian Amazon, and Culicoides contubernalis Ortiz & Leon from Ecuador is resurrected and redescribed as a valid species. A systematic key, table with numerical characters of females of species of the Culicoides hylas group are given.

  14. Examining Internet Usage Demographic Differences and the Relationship between Internet Usage and Business Outcomes in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamara, Mohamed K.

    2013-01-01

    This study utilized the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) to determine Internet users' perceptions and behavioral intentions to accept Wi-Fi technology deployment in Sierra Leone. The study sought to investigate (a) the Internet usage rates before and after Wi-Fi adaption in Freetown; (b) differences in Internet usage…

  15. Introducción al urbanismo sustentable o nuevo urbanismo

    OpenAIRE

    Silverio Hernández Moreno

    2008-01-01

    El urbanismo sustentable o nuevo urbanismo, es una manera actual de hacer a las ciudades sustentables, en lo referente a los aspectos urbanos. El diseño ecológicamente responsable es una herramienta muy útil en la creación de Arquitectura Sustentable, por tanto, en el nuevo urbanismo o urbanismo sustentable, también se toma como base el diseño ecológicamente responsable, hacia el ámbito urbano. La mayoría de las ciudades importantes de la actualidad son metrópolis que han crecido de manera de...

  16. RBX: El nuevo radar SAR en banda X del INTA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.R. Larrañaga

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe las características y los primeros resultados del sistema RBX, nuevo radar de apertura sintética aerotransportado que ha sido desarrollado en el Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial. El nuevo sistema soporta resoluciones submétricas con capacidades interferométricas y polarimétricas. La arquitectura del sistema se ha diseñado teniendo en cuenta la facilidad de incorporar mejoras y la calidad de los datos adquiridos, incluyendo múltiples lazos de calibración interna.

  17. De actores sociales emergentes y nuevos movimientos sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Aceves, Jorge E.

    1994-01-01

    Estudio analítico de los nuevos movimientos sociales, abordados desde sus matrices teóricas. Se comienza con un recorrido por distintos enfoques y corrientes de pensamiento que explican los movimientos sociales; posteriormente se hace referencia a cómo las transformaciones sociales, políticas y económicas del siglo XX han modificado las formas de acción y relaciones sociales, dando lugar a los nuevos movimientos sociales. Se incluye obra visual del artista Alejandro Colunga, reproducida en bl...

  18. ¿Qué hay de nuevo en la Rizartrosis?

    OpenAIRE

    Margarit Martín, X.; Roncero Vilanova, L.; Mesado Vives, A.

    2015-01-01

    La rizartrosis en el momento actual está en periodo de avance, ya que nuevos descubrimientos biomecánicos sobre que ligamento es más importante para la estabilidad, e histológicos con el hallazgo de mecanoreceptores en los ligamentos abren un nuevo abanico de posibilidades terapéuticas con el control neuromuscular. La clasificación de Eaton y Littler sigue vigente actualmente, aunque hay nuevas propuestas como el índice radiológico para la artrosis del pulgar. El tratamiento poco ...

  19. Un nuevo ataque a TCP para redes de radios cognitivas

    OpenAIRE

    León Abarca, Olga; Hernández Serrano, Juan; Soriano Ibáñez, Miguel

    2009-01-01

    Los dispositivos de radios cognitivas emergen como una prometedora tecnología que ha de permitir un mejor uso del espectro electro-magnético. Estos dispositivos se caracterizan por ser capaces de observar y entender su entorno, y cambiar consecuentemente su modo de operación. Sin embargo, estas propiedades “cognitivas” conllevan nuevos retos de seguridad. En este artículo se presenta un nuevo ataque a las conexiones TCP en redes de radios cognitivas, se proponen soluciones para mitigarlo y se...

  20. Nuevo mercado en el barrio de Las Huertas, Zaragoza

    OpenAIRE

    Clemente Ruiz, Tania

    2010-01-01

    El barrio de Las Huertas es un nuevo entorno urbanístico, destinado a acompañar el desarrollo de la Exposición Internacional de Hortofruticultura de 2014. En este entorno se propone instalar un nuevo mercado municipal de abastos para la ciudad de Zaragoza y para diversas poblaciones adyacentes a ella. El diseño del mercado surge como solución a toda una problemática que han desarrollado los mercados en la zona aragonesa, en el que se propone la devolución del mercado al espacio público, al ai...

  1. El nuevo paradigma arqueológico-bíblico

    OpenAIRE

    José Maria Vigil

    2016-01-01

    Después de una época clásica de esplendor en la primera mitad del siglo pasado, la arqueología interesada por la investigación sobre el judeocristianismo se ha transformado profundamente, hablándose, con diferentes enfoques, de una Nueva Arqueología. El autor llama nuevo paradigma arqueológico, figuradamente, al conjunto tanto de esos nuevos enfoques como de los llamativos hallazgos arqueológicos encontrados, que desafían fuertemente la historicidad de hechos y de figuras bíblicas importantes...

  2. Un nuevo ataque a TCP para redes de radios cognitivas

    OpenAIRE

    León Abarca, Olga; Hernández Serrano, Juan; Soriano Ibáñez, Miguel

    2009-01-01

    Los dispositivos de radios cognitivas emergen como una prometedora tecnología que ha de permitir un mejor uso del espectro electro-magnético. Estos dispositivos se caracterizan por ser capaces de observar y entender su entorno, y cambiar consecuentemente su modo de operación. Sin embargo, estas propiedades “cognitivas” conllevan nuevos retos de seguridad. En este artículo se presenta un nuevo ataque a las conexiones TCP en redes de radios cognitivas, se proponen soluciones para mitigarlo y se...

  3. Funciones y estructura de ingeniería social del nuevo gobierno local

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    José Vargas Hernández

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar las funciones y estructura de ingeniería social del nuevo gobierno local para dar respuesta a las demandas sociales, promover el desarrollo y regular los nuevos servicios públicos...

  4. Personas mayores con discapacidad afectadas por inundaciones en la ciudad de Monterrey, México. Análisis de su entorno físico-social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Sánchez González

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio analiza los factores que determinan el entorno físico-social peligroso para las personas mayores con discapacidad afectadas por inundaciones en la ciudad de Monterrey, México. La metodología emplea los datos de una encuesta a personas mayores con discapacidad en zonas de inundación, y elabora una cartografía a escala de colonia. Los resultados muestran la situación de alta vulnerabilidad social de las personas mayores con discapacidad afectadas por inundaciones y asociada a problemas de exclusión social y dependencia en la ciudad. También, se indica que los factores determinantes de un entorno físico-social peligroso para las personas mayores con discapacidad afectadas por inundaciones son la exposición del ambiente habitado (vivienda y colonia, el acceso al apoyo institucional y la capacidad para adaptarse a los cambios del ambiente (barreras arquitectónicas, resiliencia, reconstrucción, forma de convivencia. Además, se propone desarrollar políticas sociales y urbanas encaminadas a favorecer ciudades amigables para las personas mayores con discapacidad, así como propiciar una gestión del riesgo gerontológica, enfocada a la atención de este grupo social, con objeto de favorecer su adaptación y resiliencia ante los retos del cambio climático en América Latina y el Caribe.

  5. Los probables yo en relación a salud percibida por un grupo de ancianos de Monterrey, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Abigail Hilario Castillo

    Full Text Available Objetivo: conocer la relación entre los probables yo (esperanzas y temores y las acciones expresadas por un grupo de ancianos del área metropolitana de Monterrey, México y su salud percibida. Metodología: diseño descriptivo; con 80 ancianos viviendo en la comunidad, edad promedio de 70.59 ± 6.82 años. Se aplicó el Examen Breve del Estado Mental como prueba filtro, el cuestionario de salud SF-12 y cinco preguntas semiestructuradas para conocer esperanzas y temores generales y acciones. Resultados: el 96.3% exteriorizó al menos una esperanza en salud, 81.4% al menos un temor en salud, el 56.4% indicó realizar una acción para evitar que sus temores en salud se presenten. La salud se asoció con acciones para el logro de esperanzas (r s=.279, p< .05, y evitar temores en salud (r s=.242, p< .05. Conclusión: los probables yo no mostraron relación con la salud percibida, en contraste las acciones en torno al logro de esperanzas y a evitar que los temores se hagan realidad mostraron relación significativa con la salud percibida.

  6. Observed trends in ground-level O3 in Monterrey, Mexico, during 1993-2014: comparison with Mexico City and Guadalajara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández Paniagua, Iván Y.; Clemitshaw, Kevin C.; Mendoza, Alberto

    2017-07-01

    Here, we present an assessment of long-term trends in O3 and odd oxygen (O3 + NO2) at the industrial Monterrey metropolitan area (MMA) in NE Mexico. Diurnal amplitudes in Ox (AVd) are used as a proxy for net O3 production, which is influenced by the NO2 photolysis rate. No significant differences in the AVd are observed between weekends and weekdays, although the largest AVd values are observed at sites downwind of industrial areas. The highest O3 mixing ratios are observed in spring, with minimum values in winter. The largest annual variations in O3 are typically observed downwind of the MMA, with the lowest variations generally recorded in highly populated areas and close to industrial areas. A wind sector analysis of mixing ratios of O3 precursors revealed that the dominant sources of emissions are located in the industrial regions within the MMA and surrounding area. Significant increasing trends in O3 in spring, summer, and autumn are observed depending on site location, with trends in annual averages ranging between 0.19 and 0.33 ppb yr-1. Overall, from 1993 to 2014, within the MMA, O3 has increased at an average rate of 0.22 ppb yr-1 (p Guadalajara metropolitan area (GMA).

  7. La segregación socio-espacial en Monterrey a lo largo de su proceso de metropolización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Estuardo Aparicio Moreno

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La expansión urbana de Monterrey ha implicado una marcada división social del espacio. En este artículo se analiza la segregación socio-espacial de su área metropolitana examinando las características de dicha segregación, así como su expresión cartográfica en el tiempo y la construcción geométrica de su espacio, desde su fundación, en 1596, hasta hoy. Este análisis divide el proceso histórico en cuatro etapas: desde la fundación de la ciudad hasta los albores del México independiente, a mediados del siglo xix; el nacimiento de los barrios obreros, junto con la industrialización, de 1890 a 1940; la expansión metropolitana, de 1940 a 1980, y el periodo actual, comprendido de 1990 hasta la actualidad.

  8. Efectos del nivel socioecómico de la zona de residencia sobre el proceso de estratificación social en Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Solís

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio exploramos los efectos de la composición socioeconómica de las áreas de residencia en el proceso de estratificación social de la ciudad de Monterrey. A partir de una versión modificada del modelo clásico de logro de estatus propuesto por Blau y Duncan, utilizamos modelos multinivel de regresión lineal y de tiempo al evento para probar algunas hipótesis sobre los efectos del nivel socioeconómico de la zona de residencia en ocho resultados educativos y ocupacionales: los años de escolaridad aprobados; la salida de la escuela; la entrada al primer trabajo la ocupación a los 21 años (o la primera ocupación si la entrada al trabajo ocurrió más tarde; la salida de una ocupación; y los cambios de trabajos hacia ocupaciones no manuales de alta calificación, no manuales de baja calificación y manuales. Los efectos son significativos en cinco de estos ocho resultados, lo cual sugiere que el nivel socioeconómico de la zona de residencia desempeña un papel importante de las trayectorias educativas y ocupacionales a lo largo del curso de la vida.

  9. Cambios en la participación laboral de las mujeres casadas en el Área Metropolitana de Monterrey: 1976-1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge N. Valero Gil

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Mediante la aplicación de un modelo económico de ciclo de vida se analizan los cambios en la participación en el mercado de trabajo de las mujeres casadas ocurridos entre 1976 y 1996 en el Area Metropolitana de Monterrey. Se pone especial interés en el análisis del efecto de la crisis económica sobre dicha participación y se encuentra que el efecto neto de la crisis es de el decremento la participación de las esposas. Además se percibe que la participación de éstas ha aumentado debido a factores asociados con el cambio de actitudes frente al mercado de trabajo, la edad, el mayor efecto de la educación y la disminución en el número de hijos. Factores como la caída en los ingresos familiares y el desempleo de los esposos parecen más débiles.

  10. Recepción de estereotipos de la serie norteamericana Lost entre jóvenes que habitan en Monterrey, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Elena Inzunza Acedo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio consistió en el análisis de recepción de los personajes de la serie estadounidense Lost, cuyas representaciones variaron entre norteamericanos, latinos, europeos, coreanos, rusos, árabes, australianos y africanos; hombres y mujeres; niños, jóvenes, adultos y ancianos. Se llevaron a cabo cinco grupos de discusión con 29 jóvenes que habitaban en Monterrey, México. Para la interpretación de resultados, se utilizó el modelo de Palmer y Hafen, en la versión ampliada de Inzunza Acedo, y los tipos de empatía de Igartua y Muñiz. Las conclusiones apuntan a una tendencia de aceptación o rechazo de tipo ingenuo de los personajes, puesto que no hay una reflexión crítica respecto a los estereotipos, debido al apego emocional por parte de los espectadores o a elementos humorísticos del guion.

  11. Predictores del ajuste psicosocial en divorciados de Monterrey, México: un análisis de género

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogelio Rodríguez Hernández

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Las tasas de divorcio han crecido en México sostenidamente en las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, la investigación respectiva es escasa, por lo que se conoce poco la experiencia del divorcio en este país. Por ello, el objetivo de este estudio es explorar los factores que predicen el ajuste psicosocial en una muestra de adultos divorciados y en proceso de divorcio en Monterrey, México. Específicamente, se pretende conocer las diferencias de género en las variables que facilitan la adaptación a la vida post divorcio. Los resultados muestran que los principales factores predictores del bienestar de los hombres divorciados son el tiempo de cohabitación con la ex esposa y el tener una pareja actualmente. En las mujeres la variable que impactó más respuestas de ajuste fue el empleo. Estos resultados apuntan a que el bienestar en la vida después del divorcio se nutre de diferentes factores en los hombres y en las mujeres.

  12. Del precedente Constitucional al nuevo precedente contencioso Administrativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Alejandro Olano García

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el derecho procesal constitucional, se presenta el nuevo valor del precedente en el ordenamiento colombiano, como principio general en el cual se apoyan los jueces para dictar sus decisiones, tanto en materia constitucional como en materia contencioso administrativa.

  13. Puentes gemelos. Río Salado, Nuevo México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1959-04-01

    Full Text Available Recientemente, el Estado de Nuevo Méjico acaba de construir un puente para carretera que, por estar ésta dividida en dos partes independientes, de dos bandas de circulación cada una, se han tenido que construir dos estructuras gemelas, paralelas, que salvan el Río Salado.

  14. The life and work of Leon Henkin essays on his contributions

    CERN Document Server

    Sain, Ildikó; Alonso, Enrique

    2014-01-01

    This is a comprehensive book on the life and works of Leon Henkin (1921–2006), an extraordinary scientist and excellent teacher whose writings became influential right from the beginning of his career with his doctoral thesis on “The completeness of formal systems” under the direction of Alonzo Church. Upon the invitation of Alfred Tarski, Henkin joined the Group in Logic and the Methodology of Science in the Department of Mathematics at the University of California Berkeley in 1953. He stayed with the group until his retirement in 1991. This edited volume includes both foundational material and a logic perspective. Algebraic logic, model theory, type theory, completeness theorems, philosophical and foundational studies are among the topics covered, as well as mathematical education. The work discusses Henkin’s intellectual development, his relation to his predecessors and contemporaries, and his impact on the recent development of mathematical logic. It offers a valuable reference work for researcher...

  15. Stratified Sampling of Neighborhood Sections for Population Estimation: A Case Study of Bo City, Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillson, Roger; Alejandre, Joel D; Jacobsen, Kathryn H; Ansumana, Rashid; Bockarie, Alfred S; Bangura, Umaru; Lamin, Joseph M; Stenger, David A

    2015-01-01

    There is a need for better estimators of population size in places that have undergone rapid growth and where collection of census data is difficult. We explored simulated estimates of urban population based on survey data from Bo, Sierra Leone, using two approaches: (1) stratified sampling from across 20 neighborhoods and (2) stratified single-stage cluster sampling of only four randomly-sampled neighborhoods. The stratification variables evaluated were (a) occupants per individual residence, (b) occupants per neighborhood, and (c) residential structures per neighborhood. For method (1), stratification variable (a) yielded the most accurate re-estimate of the current total population. Stratification variable (c), which can be estimated from aerial photography and zoning type verification, and variable (b), which could be ascertained by surveying a limited number of households, increased the accuracy of method (2). Small household-level surveys with appropriate sampling methods can yield reasonably accurate estimations of urban populations.

  16. Pode Euseius alatus DeLeon (Acari: Phytoseiidae) predar Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) em coqueiro?

    OpenAIRE

    MELO, José W da S; DOMINGOS, Cleiton A; GONDIM JR, Manoel G C; de Moraes, Gilberto J.

    2009-01-01

    Ácaros do gênero Euseius são geralmente considerados especialistas na alimentação de pólen. Euseius alatus DeLeon é uma das seis espécies de ácaros fitoseídeos mais comumente encontrados em plantas de coqueiro no Nordeste do Brasil, associado com Aceria guerreronis Keifer. Apesar de a morfologia de E. alatus não favorecer a exploração da área meristemática do fruto habitada por A. guerreronis, o predador pode ter algum papel no controle do eriofídeo durante o processo de dispersão. O objetivo...

  17. 西雅特推出全新LEON ST运动旅行版

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳

    2013-01-01

    西雅特公司近日迎来了将年轻化设计、动感车身线条、杰出运动特性以及日常实用性完美融合于一身的LEON家族第三位成员——全新LEON ST运动旅行版。西雅特执行委员会主席J(u|¨)rgen Stackmann先生表示:"用户们再也不需要在运动性和实用性之间难以取舍,全新LEONST运动旅行版可同时满足这两项需求。

  18. Cosmogenic helium and volatile-rich fluid in Sierra Leone alluvial diamonds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcconville, P.; Reynolds, J. H.

    1989-01-01

    Noble gas measurements were carried out on two identical splits of a finely powdered harshly acid-washed sample derived from fragments of a single alluvial diamond from Sierra Leone, with essentially identical results obtained for both splits. Isotopic ratios for Ar, Kr, and Xe were found to be atmospheric. Their elemental abundances were high relative to published data, owing to the effect of shock implantation in the crushing step, as was verified in a supplementary experiment. No Ne was detected above the blank level. The He-3 was exceptionally abundant, while He-4 was exceptionally depleted, possibly due to the acid wash. The He-3/He-4 ratio was anomalously high at an R/Ra value of 246 + or - 16. The results support the hypothesis that the He-3 excess in diamonds is cosmogenic.

  19. Education Programs in Post-Conflict Environments: a Review from Liberia, Sierra Leone, and South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Barrios-Tao

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Education should be considered as one of the mechanisms for governments and nations to succeed in a post-conflict process. The purpose of this Review Article is twofold: to explain the importance of education in a post-conflict setting, and to describe a few strategies that post-conflict societies have implemented. In terms of research design, a multiple case study approach has been implemented. The paper reviews a unique topic with specific reference to education plans implemented in post-conflict societies such as Liberia, Sierra Leone, and South Africa. Each of them has experienced violent conflicts and has used education as a tool to succeed in their post-conflict process. In sum, there are several educational programs that involve children, young people, survivors, parents, teachers, and local communities as well as curriculums focused on teaching of cultural values and technical skills to improve the quality of life in a post-conflict setting.

  20. Zoonotic disease risk and the bushmeat trade: assessing awareness among hunters and traders in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramanian, Melanie

    2012-12-01

    The bushmeat industry has been a topic of increasing importance among both conservationists and public health officials for its influence on zoonotic disease transmission and animal conservation. While the association between infectious diseases and the bushmeat trade is well established in the research community, risk perception among bushmeat hunters and traders has not been well characterized. I conducted surveys of 123 bushmeat hunters and traders in rural Sierra Leone to investigate hunting practices and awareness of zoonotic disease risk associated with the bushmeat trade. Twenty-four percent of bushmeat hunters and traders reported knowledge of disease transmission from animals to humans. Formal education did not significantly affect awareness of zoonotic disease transmission. Individuals who engaged exclusively in preparation and trading of bushmeat were more likely to accidentally cut themselves compared to those who primarily engaged in bushmeat hunting (P zoonotic pathogens through accidental self-cutting compared to men (P zoonotic disease transmission risk among vulnerable communities.

  1. Gender differences in support for the discontinuation of female genital cutting in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagna, Marguerite L

    2014-06-01

    Despite decades of policies, interventions and legislation, many girls and women are being subjected to female genital cutting (FGC) across the African continent. Because FGC has profound implications for women's wellbeing and reproductive health rights, an examination of behavioural changes toward the practice is imperative to reinforce strategies directed at eradicating it. Using a nationally representative survey, this study examines support for discontinuation of FGC and its associated predictors among both women and men in Sierra Leone. Findings reveal gender differences in attitudes toward the elimination of the practice across most of the socioeconomic predictors. Interestingly, beliefs about and perceived benefits of FGC emerge as important determinants of the support for the elimination of FGC, both genders considered. The findings highlight the importance of achieving gender equality and women's empowerment, and the necessity for a more contextualised approach to FGC eradication.

  2. Generalized symmetries of an 𝓝 = 1 supersymmetric Boiti-Leon-Manna-Pempinelli system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jian-Yong; Tang, Xiao-Yan; Liang, Zu-Feng; Lou, Sen-Yue

    2015-05-01

    The formal series symmetry approach (FSSA), a quite powerful and straightforward method to establish infinitely many generalized symmetries of classical integrable systems, has been successfully extended in the supersymmetric framework to explore series of infinitely many generalized symmetries for supersymmetric systems. Taking the 𝒩 = 1 supersymmetric Boiti-Leon-Manna-Pempinelli system as a concrete example, it is shown that the application of the extended FSSA to this supersymmetric system leads to a set of infinitely many generalized symmetries with an arbitrary function f (t). Some interesting special cases of symmetry algebras are presented, including a limit case f (t) = 1 related to the commutativity of higher order generalized symmetries. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11275123, 11175092, 11475052, and 11435005), the Shanghai Knowledge Service Platform for Trustworthy Internet of Things, China (Grant No. ZF1213), and the Talent Fund and K CWong Magna Fund in Ningbo University, China.

  3. Global health business: the production and performativity of statistics in Sierra Leone and Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erikson, Susan L

    2012-01-01

    The global push for health statistics and electronic digital health information systems is about more than tracking health incidence and prevalence. It is also experienced on the ground as means to develop and maintain particular norms of health business, knowledge, and decision- and profit-making that are not innocent. Statistics make possible audit and accountability logics that undergird the management of health at a distance and that are increasingly necessary to the business of health. Health statistics are inextricable from their social milieus, yet as business artifacts they operate as if they are freely formed, objectively originated, and accurate. This article explicates health statistics as cultural forms and shows how they have been produced and performed in two very different countries: Sierra Leone and Germany. In both familiar and surprising ways, this article shows how statistics and their pursuit organize and discipline human behavior, constitute subject positions, and reify existing relations of power.

  4. Collective Sexual Violence in Bosnia and Sierra Leone: A Comparative Case Study Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ten Bensel, Tusty; Sample, Lisa L

    2015-10-08

    Social scientists have long studied the patterns, motivations, and recidivism rates of sexual offenders; however, the majority of prior research has examined rape, where victims are assaulted by a single offender in isolated events. Often overlooked are sexually violent assaults committed during armed conflicts, which often exhibit group-level sexual offending. This oversight could be a result of perceived notions that sexual violence during conflict is a rare or regrettable event; however, it has been documented consistently throughout history. The purpose of this study was to improve our understanding of sexual violence during war by comparing and contrasting preconflict characteristics, conflict framing, and justifications for sexual violence in the Bosnian and Sierra Leone armed conflicts. This greater understanding can then be used to identify factors that may contribute to the collectivization of sexual violence during war.

  5. Malaria in British military personnel deployed to Sierra Leone: a case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quantick, Oliver; Howlett-Shipley, R; Roughton, S; Ross, D

    2017-02-01

    From December 2014 to April 2015, seven cases of malaria were seen in 1530 military personnel deployed to Sierra Leone on Operation GRITROCK in response to the West African Ebola outbreak, despite predeployment briefings, prescription of chemoprophylactic agents and bite prevention measures. The cases have prompted discussion regarding the efficacy of current measures and how to prevent future cases in deployed military personnel or more widely, those working in malaria-risk environments. All of the cases have made a full recovery and returned to work. We discuss what can be learnt concerning the choice of chemoprophylactic agent and whether anything further be added to standard operating procedures regarding bite prevention and treatment of cases.

  6. EL UTILITARISMO DE JEREMY BENTHAM ¿FUNDAMENTO DE LA TEORÍA DE LEON WALRAS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aída-Sofía Rivera-Sotelo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente texto cuestiona el utilitarismo de Jeremy Bentham como fundamento de la teoría marginalista walrasiana. La problemática se aborda a través de un análisis comparativo del pensamiento de Jeremy Bentham y de Leon Walras en tres áreas centrales: sus visiones de la sociedad y el objetivo social, sus aproximaciones teóricas y metodológicas en relación directa con sus respectivas teorías de la sociedad, y el lugar del principio de utilidad en el marco de las teorías generales de sociedad. El escrito contribuye a un debate vigente sobre los fundamentos filosóficos de la teoría de la elección racional y a deshomogenizar el pensamiento de los padres del marginalismo.

  7. Pattern of skin infections in black Africans of Sierra Leone (West Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bari Arfan ul

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Physical differences among human populations may lead to variable prevalence of skin disorders in different ethnicities. Skin infections are one of the important curable and largely preventable categories of skin disorders in the communities. Aim: The purpose of the study was to see the patterns of skin infections in black Africans of Sierra Leone and to compare with other ethnic populations. Materials and Methods: Local blacks of all age groups presenting in Dermatology out patient department of Pak Field Hospital (established as a part of UN peacekeeping mission in Sierra Leone were included (from Nov 2004 to Oct 2005. Relevant clinical history and physical examination was done. Laboratory investigations were carried out when indicated. Skin diseases were broadly classified into two major categories i.e., infective and noninfective. Among infective, sexually transmitted infections were again separated. Nonblack settlers in the area and UN troops were not included in the study. Data was recorded and analyzed by Microsoft Excel program. Results: 3011 patients belonging to different local tribes having a variety of skin disorders were seen. Patients were of all ages and both sexes ranging from one month to 73 years of age. The Infective skin disorders were seen in 61.7% patients and most prevalent were superficial fungal infections (41.2% followed by, sexually transmitted infections (9.9% and parasitic infections (6.5%. Bacterial and viral infections were rare and so was the scabies. More than 90% parasitic infections were onchocerciasis with full spectrum of cutaneous manifestations. Conclusion: Pattern of skin infections in blacks varies considerably from other ethnic races. Environmental factors, geographical location and free existence of vector for onchocerciasis in West African region, possibly have a significant influence in this variable prevalence.

  8. The status of maternal and newborn care services in Sierra Leone 8 years after ceasefire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyerinde, Koyejo; Harding, Yvonne; Amara, Philip; Kanu, Rugiatu; Shoo, Rumishael; Daoh, Kizito

    2011-08-01

    To conduct a needs assessment for emergency obstetric care (EmOC) to address the unacceptably high maternal and newborn mortality indices in Sierra Leone 8 years after the end of the civil war. From June to August 2008, a cross-sectional survey was conducted of health facilities in Sierra Leone offering delivery services. Assessment tools were local adaptations of tools developed by the Averting Maternal Death and Disability program at Columbia University, New York, USA. There were enough comprehensive EmOC (CEmOC) facilities in the country but they were poorly distributed. There were no basic EmOC (BEmOC) facilities. Few facilities (37% of hospitals and 2% of health centers) were able to perform assisted vaginal delivery (AVD), and 3 potentially BEmOC facilities did not meet the standard only because they did not perform AVD. Severe shortages in staff, equipment, and supplies, and unsatisfactory supply of utilities severely hampered the delivery of quality EmOC services. Demand for maternity and newborn services was low, which may have been related to the poor quality and the high/unpredictable out-of-pocket cost of such services. Significant increases in the uptake of institutional delivery services, the linkage of remote health workers to the health system, and the recruitment of midwives, in addition to rapid expansion in the training of health workers (including training in midwifery and obstetric surgery skills), are urgently needed to improve the survival of mothers and newborns. Copyright © 2011 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Context matters: community characteristics and mental health among war-affected youth in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betancourt, Theresa S; McBain, Ryan; Newnham, Elizabeth A; Brennan, Robert T

    2014-03-01

    Worldwide, over one billion children and adolescents live in war-affected settings. At present, only limited research has investigated linkages between disrupted social ecology and adverse mental health outcomes among war-affected youth. In this study, we examine three community-level characteristics - social disorder and collective efficacy within the community, as reported by caregivers, and perceived stigma as reported by youth - in relation to externalizing behaviors and internalizing symptoms among male and female former child soldiers in postconflict Sierra Leone. A total of 243 former child soldiers (30% female, mean age at baseline: 16.6 years) and their primary caregivers participated in interviews in 2004 and 2008, as part of a larger prospective cohort study of war-affected youth in Sierra Leone. Two-point growth models were estimated to examine the relationship between community-level characteristics and externalizing and internalizing outcomes across the time points. Both social disorder within the community, reported by caregivers, and perceived stigma, reported by youth, positively covaried with youths' externalizing and internalizing scores - indicating that higher levels of each at baseline and follow-up were associated with higher levels of mental health problems at both time points (p mental health outcomes was nonsignificant (p > .05). This study offers a rare glimpse into the role that the postconflict social context plays in shaping the mental health among former child soldiers. Results indicate that both social disorder and perceived stigma within the community demonstrate an important relationship to externalizing and internalizing problems among adolescent ex-combatants. Moreover, these relationships persisted over a 4-year period of follow-up. These results underscore the importance of the postconflict social environment and the need to develop postconflict interventions that address community-level processes in addition to the needs

  10. Nuevo tipo de apoyos y articulaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrä, Fritz Leonhardt

    1963-11-01

    of theoretical and technical difficulties inherent in these bearings: they also express acknowledgement to German individuals and institutions, for their contribution to this investigation.Las tendencias actuales son funciones que dependen directamente de la presencia creciente y mejorada de los materiales de construcción que se ofrecen al comercio. En el campo de los materiales cabe una marcada subdivisión en naturales y preparados o sintéticos; estos últimos constituyen la preocupación de los autores para su aprovechamiento y adecuada aplicación. De entre ellos, las resinas sintéticas o caucho artificial, dentro de las distintas especies de la extensa familia han gozado de un lugar preferente en este estudio de nuevos tipos de apoyos que presentan los notables ingenieros alemanes Wolfhart Andrä y Fritz Leonhardt. En los ensayos de laboratorio y a escala natural, las variedades comerciales de estas resinas, conocidas con los nombres de «neopreno» y «Teflon», han sido elegidas por presentar, por lo menos actualmente, características marcadamente apropiadas a la finalidad perseguida en este estudio, del que se confía ulterior desarrollo y mejor acogida, por las importantes aplicaciones que de él se derivan en el campo de la ingeniería y construcción. Los autores estudian con detenimiento y sobrado rigor para las aplicaciones prácticas las deformaciones que de estos materiales se espera al someterlos a fuerzas de gran concentración. En los apoyos juega particular interés la distribución de la carga siempre concentrada en superficies relativamente pequeñas, lo que exige elevadas cargas unitarias y, con ello, la utilización de materiales extremadamente nobles para resistirlas con la resistencia que las deformaciones instantáneas requieren para recobrar rápidamente la posición de estabilidad perdida momentáneamente. La fatiga en el ciclo de deformaciones relaja los materiales, y ha de tenerse presente al considerar las características que los

  11. Lo Nuevo ante la Enfermedad de Parkinson

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    Juan Mendoza Vega

    1990-12-01

    -cinta, los intentos para mediren forma objetiva el problema motor, el estudio de los “marcadores neuroquímicos” y la aplicación de las nuevas técnicas de imágenes, especialmente la Resonancia Magnética (IRM y la Emisión de Positrones (PET. Por lo menos cinco nuevos medicamentos están ya en prueba, algunos de ellos con muy prometedor resultado inicial: Lisuride, Pergolide, Naxagolide, Budipina y el Deprenyl, del cual ya han llegado noticias a Latinoamérica. Por lo que hace a la dicta, se sugiere que ésta puede afectar en bien o en mal a los pacientes con Parkinson, y varios estudios insisten en la conveniencia de instaurar dietas con bajo contenido de proteínas (o con las proteínas ingeridas a partir de las 5 p.m. únicamente como medio para mejorar la respuesta al tratamiento.

    Los capítulos destinados a los cambios de conducta, las dificultades intelectuales, los beneficios del ejercicio físico reglamentado y de la terapia del lenguaje, cuando hay alteraciones en esta esfera, muestran el creciente interés por un enfoque más completo de este delicado problema.

    El libro es, pues, lectura muy recomendable para todo médico, y debe estar en las bibliotecas profesionales y, por supuesto, en las de escuelas de medicina, hospitales y centros médicos.

    THERAPY OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE William C. Koller, George Paulson, eds. Marcel Dekker, INC, publisher, 270 Madison Avenue New York, NY 10016. Publicado en 1990, 60S páginas, cubierta dura, ilustrado. Precio: US$150. (Reseña: Académico de Número Juan Mendoza-Vega, Director General de la Fundación Instituto Neurológico de Colombia, Bogotá.

  12. Glikman : maadeafääri süüdistust ei pruugi tulla / Leon Glikman ; interv. Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Glikman, Leon, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu vandeadvokaat Leon Glikmaniga, kelle büroo kaitseb maadevahetusega seotud kriminaalasjas kahtlustatavaid Toomas Annust ja Andres Sarrit. Intervjuu sissejuhatus puudutab tööandjate keskliidu oktoobris 2007 koostatud pöördumist peaministri poole

  13. Glikman : maadeafääri süüdistust ei pruugi tulla / Leon Glikman ; interv. Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Glikman, Leon, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu vandeadvokaat Leon Glikmaniga, kelle büroo kaitseb maadevahetusega seotud kriminaalasjas kahtlustatavaid Toomas Annust ja Andres Sarrit. Intervjuu sissejuhatus puudutab tööandjate keskliidu oktoobris 2007 koostatud pöördumist peaministri poole

  14. Using Power-Sharing to Win a War: The Implementation of the Lomé Agreement in Sierra Leone Wie man Machtteilung benutzt, um einen Krieg zu gewinnen: Die Umsetzung des Lomé-Abkommens in Sierra Leone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helga Malmin Binningsbø

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available To end the civil war in Sierra Leone the government and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF signed a peace agreement guaranteeing power-sharing in July 1999. Such power-sharing is a widely used, often recommended political arrangement to overcome deep divisions between groups. However, scholars disagree on whether power-sharing causes peace, or, on the contrary, causes continuing violence. One reason for this is the literature’s tendency to neglect how power-sharing is actually put into place. But post-agreement implementation is essential if we are to judge the performance of power-sharing. Therefore, we investigate the role played by power-sharing in terminating the civil war in Sierra Leone. We argue that the government was able to use the peace agreement to pursue its goal of ending the war through marginalising the RUF. Zur Beendigung des Bürgerkriegs in Sierra Leone unterzeichneten die Regierung und die Revolutionary United Front (RUF im Juli 1999 eine Friedensvereinbarung, die Machtteilung garantierte. Machtteilung ist ein verbreitet eingesetztes und häufig empfohlenes politisches Konzept, um die tiefe Spaltung zwischen Konfliktgegnern zu überwinden. In der akademischen Debatte gibt es allerdings keine Übereinstimmung dahingehend, ob Machtteilung zum Frieden führt oder, im Gegenteil, zu einer Fortsetzung der Gewalt. Ein Grund dafür liegt darin, dass die Frage nach der realen Umsetzung von Machtteilungsklauseln in der Literatur tendenziell vernachlässigt wird. Die Bewährung in der Umsetzung ist allerdings ganz wesentlich für die Beurteilung der Stärken des Konzepts. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird daher die Rolle analysiert, die Machtteilung bei der Beendigung des Krieges in Sierra Leone gespielt hat. Die Autorinnen argumentieren, dass die Regierung die Friedensvereinbarung dazu nutzen konnte, ihr Ziel der Marginalisierung der RUF zu erreichen.

  15. Chemical and morphological characterization of TSP and PM2.5 by SEM-EDS, XPS and XRD collected in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, Lucy T.; Rodríguez, F. E. Longoria; Sánchez-Domínguez, M.; Leyva-Porras, C.; Silva-Vidaurri, L. G.; Acuna-Askar, Karim; Kharisov, B. I.; Villarreal Chiu, J. F.; Alfaro Barbosa, J. M.

    2016-10-01

    Total suspended particles (TSP) and particles smaller than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) were collected at four sites in the metropolitan area of Monterrey (MAM) in Mexico. The samples were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). In order to determine the possible sources of emissions of atmospheric particulate matter, a principal component analysis (PCA) was performed. The XRD results showed that the major crystalline compounds found in the TPS were CaCO3 and SiO2; while in the PM2.5 CaSO4 was found. The XPS analysis showed that the main elements found on the surface of the particles were C, O, Si, Ca, S, and N. The deconvolution carried out on the high-resolution spectra for C1s, S2p and N1s, showed that the aromatics, sulfates and pyrrolic-amides were the main groups contributing to the signal of these elements, respectively. The C-rich particles presented a spherical morphology, while the Ca- and Si-based particles mostly showed a prismatic shape. The PCA analysis together with the results obtained from the characterization techniques, suggested that the main contributors to the CaCO3 particles collected in the PM were most probably produced and emitted into the atmosphere by local construction industries and exploitation of rich-deposits of calcite. Meanwhile, the SiO2 found in the MAM originated from the suspension of geological material abundant in the region, and the carbon particles were mainly produced by the combustion of fossil fuels.

  16. Una etnografía económica de los tacos callejeros en México. El caso de Monterrey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo García Garza

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Diversas ciencias sociales (economía, historia, antropología han abordado el tema de la venta ambulante de alimentos. Sin embargo, pocos han tomado seriamente como objeto de estudio uno de los platillos más emblemáticos de la comida mexicana: los tacos callejeros. El presente artículo esboza primeramente la génesis de la venta de tacos en la calle a través de una perspectiva socio-histórica. Contrariamente a la creencia, según la cual el mercado de los tacos es inmemorial, esta etnografía histórica demuestra la manera en la que nace el mercado callejero de tacos a mediados del siglo XX. Algunos factores macro estructurales como la industrialización de la tortilla, el crecimiento demográfico, los límites del modelo de sustitución de importaciones y la subalimentación explican la emergencia y la proliferación de los puestos de tacos en las calles de Monterrey. Aunada a una lectura micro social, esta etnografía identifica las principales características del mercado callejero de tacos (incertidumbre cualitativa, asimetría de la información, discrepancias de evaluación. Esas características permiten comprender la forma en que funciona el mercado de tacos. Gracias a una descripción etnografía detallada damos cuenta del trabajo social que existe detrás de las transacciones económicas de alimentos de dudosa procedencia.

  17. An Analysis of the Propulsion Experiments Performed on a Model Representing the Stretched PONCE DE LEON (SPDL) Class RO/RO Ship Fitted with Two Sets of Design Contrarotating Propellers (Model 5362; Propellers 4731 & 4732 and 9019 & 9020).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    REPRESENTING THE 5TRETCHED PONQ DE LEON (S.PI.) 9€ ASS _!"Q SHIP FITTED WITH TWO SETS OF DESIGN CONTRAROTATING PROPELLERS (MODEL 5362; PROPELLERS 4731...TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED AN ANALYSIS OF THE PROPULSION EXPERIMENTS PER- Final FORMED ON A MODEL REPRESENTING THE STRETCHED PONCE DE LEON (SPDL...number) A ser ies of propulsion exper ments were performed on Model 5362, representing a Stretched PONCE DE LEON Clas RO/RO ship. The model was fitted

  18. Spoiled breast milk and bad water; local understandings of diarrhea causes and prevention in rural Sierra Leone

    OpenAIRE

    McMahon, Shannon A; Asha S. George; Yumkella, Fatu; Diaz, Theresa

    2013-01-01

    Background Globally, diarrhea remains a leading killer of young children. In Sierra Leone, one in seven children die before their fifth birthday and diarrhea is a leading cause. Studies that emphasize the demand-side of health interventions -- how caregivers understand causation and prevention of diarrhea -- have been neglected in research and programming. Methods We undertook applied qualitative research including 68 in-depth interviews and 36 focus group discussions with mothers, fathers an...

  19. Localized Structures on Periodic Background Wave of (2+1)-Dimensional Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli System via an Object Reduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we present an object reduction for nonlinear partial differential equations. As a concrete example of its applications in physical problems, this method is applied to the (2+1)-dimensional Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli system, which has the extensive physics background, and an abundance of exact solutions is derived from some reduction equations. Based on the derived solutions, the localized structures under the periodic wave background are obtained.

  20. L’economia occulta dei “soldi facili” tra i minatori di diamante della Sierra Leone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo D'Angelo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The idea of earning “easy money” is one of the reason that attracts diamond seekers in the mines of Sierra Leone. Only few miners, however, are successful and actually enrich themselves. In this paper I deal with the issue of how to make sense of those ritual practices and religious ideas that arise among miners to explain the wealth acquired by colleagues through non-trasparent and occult means.

  1. New records of Mexican Tardigrada Nuevos registros de Tardigrada mexicanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łukasz Kaczmarek

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In 9 moss samples collected from Mexico, 6 tardigrade species, including 4 new records for the country, were found. The new records raise the number of known Mexican water bear species to forty-one. We provide a full list of the known Mexican tardigrade species and discuss some biogeographical and taxonomic issues.En 9 muestras de musgo recolectadas en México, se encontraron 6 especies de tardígrados, incluyendo 4 nuevos registros para el país. Los nuevos registros incrementaron a 41 el número de especies de tardígrados mexicanos conocidos. Se proporciona una lista completa de tardígrados mexicanos conocidos y se discuten algunas cuestiones biogeográficas y taxonómicas.

  2. Propuestas para el nuevo paradigma educativo de la historia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Barros

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Carlos Barros defiende la necesidad de un nuevo paradigma educativo de la historia en alianza con el nuevo paradigma historiográfico propuesto por la red internacional Historia a Debate, basado simultáneamente en tres ejes: 1 una educación en competencias, en el manejo de las fuentes históricas desde la enseñanza secundaria, y ajena por tanto al mercantilismo propagado de manera fundamentalista por la OCDE y otras instituciones internacionales; 2 una educación en valores universales desde la historia; 3 una educación crítica y plural de las historias nacionales y mundial. Reflexiones y propuestas que tienen en cuenta los debates en marcha sobre la unificación del espacio europeo de la educación superior.

  3. Arte Nuevo. Revista de estudios áureos

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Arte nuevo (Art nouveau. Revue d'études de l'Age d'Or) est une revue annuelle publiée sans interruption depuis 2014. Arte nuevo est une publication électronique en libre accès dédiée à l'étude de l'âge d'or de la littérature espagnole, mais aussi, secondairement, à l'histoire et la culture espagnole de la haute modernité, entendue au sens large à comporter des textes produits en Espagne ou dans l'orbite du monde espagnol, des pays-Bas à l'Amérique, au cours des XVIe et XVIIe siècles. Arte nue...

  4. Nuevos sistemas de frecuencia intermedia para el IAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olalde, J. C.; Perilli, D.; Larrarte, J. J.

    Se presenta el diagrama en bloques de los nuevos sistemas de Frecuencia Intermedia para los dos radiómetros instalados en el IAR. Entre las características más importantes del sistema podemos mencionar la posibilidad de conectar cualquiera de las dos antenas a los ``backend" disponibles: analizador espectral de alta resolución (META II) de 0,05 Hz, autocorrelador de 1008 canales y contínuo. Se incorporan al sistema nuevos sintetizadores de frecuencia implementados con PLL y la moderna técnica de síntesis digital directa. Por último, el conjunto del sistema es susceptible de ser configurado por las computadoras de adquisición de datos, supervisadas por otra, que entrega el estado de funcionamiento actual y evita la selección de configuraciones incorrectas por parte del usuario.

  5. El nuevo movimiento estudiantil y el fin de las pedreas

    OpenAIRE

    Corredor, Javier

    2011-01-01

    Javier Corredor analiza en La Silla Vacía las características del nuevo movimiento estudiantil, que entiende como una transición a formas de manifestación política pacífica que representa un avance frente a los actos violentos que han caracterizado en el pasado a un sector del movimiento estudiantil y han servido para estigmatizarlo.

  6. Un nuevo enfoque para abordar el desplazamiento forzado en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lucía López Jaramillo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone un nuevo enfoque para abordar un fenómeno como el desplazamiento forzado en Colombia: el enfoque de la resiliencia, con base en las teorías del estrés familiar. Se hace una reflexión acerca de la doble condición de la población más a

  7. Nuevos registros de Habrobracon hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae en la Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José MARTÍNEZ

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se proveen nuevos registros de Habrobracon hebetor (Say de Choele Choel, Río Negro, y de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Parte de los ejemplares analizados fueron criados a partir de larvas de Plodia interpunctella (Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae sobre nueces almacenadas. Adicionalmente se provee una diagnosis ilustrada de la única especie de Habrobracon presente en el país.

  8. Un nuevo enfoque para abordar el desplazamiento forzado en colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Lucía López Jaramillo

    2005-01-01

    Este artículo propone un nuevo enfoque para abordar un fenómeno como el desplazamiento forzado en Colombia: el enfoque de la resiliencia, con base en las teorías del estrés familiar. Se hace una reflexión acerca de la doble condición de la población más a

  9. El mar como fuente de nuevos fármacos

    OpenAIRE

    Cuevas Marchante, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    Se describe el proceso de descubrimiento y desarrollo de nuevos fármacos por la empresa PharmaMar a partir de productos naturales de origen marino aislados de organismos de muy diversos tipos. Para ello, se describe el proceso del desarrollo del agente antitumoral Yondelis y algunos otros fármacos actualmente en fase de desarrollo como aplidina Universidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech.

  10. Gestión y cultura del agua en Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas/The Management and Culture of Water in Nuevo Laredo,Tamaulipas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jesús Frausto Ortega

    2015-01-01

    .... gestión del agua, 4. frontera norte de México, 5. Nuevo Laredo. Abstract This work examines the relationship between urban water management and the culture of water, assuming that there is a contradiction between these two aspects. It focuses on drinking-water service in Nuevo Laredo. The methodology employed in this study includes a loo...

  11. Descripción del Nuevo Reino de Granada (1958

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Michael Francis

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Al principio del mes de abril de 1598, el recién nombrado arzobispo del Nuevo Reino de Granada, don Bartolomé Lobo Guerrero, se embarcó desde Nueva España para su nuevo puesto en Santafé de Bogotá. Viajaron con él dos padres jesuitas: Alonso de Medrano y Francisco de Figueroa.? Lobo Guerrero le había pedido al provincial de México, Esteban Páez, que le acompañasen dos jesuitas al Nuevo Reino, con el intento de establecer una presencia permanente de la Compañía en el territorio. Páez accedió a la petición del arzobispo, y nombró a Medrano y Figueroa para la tarea. Y después de una difícil travesía, la cuál describe en poco detalle Juan Manuel Pacheco, los tres llegaron el 05 de octubre de 1598 al puerto de Cartagena. Dos meses más tarde salieron para Santafé de Bogotá.

  12. La Universidad del siglo XXI: nueva docencia, nuevo bibliotecario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Extremeño, Ana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The methodologies of teaching-learning in higher education centers are experiencing profound changes that also involve changes in the educational organization itself. Technological advances and the Internet have contributed decisively to a more open and interactive learning experience that requires information professionals to adopt new roles to meet the challenges, as well as new behaviors to achieve the commitments required of them. Based on these assumptions and considering their implications, the aim of this paper is to define the new concept of librarian in higher education centers.La metodología en los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje en los Centros de Enseñanza Superior está experimentando unos cambios profundos que también los implica en la propia organización educativa. A ello hay que añadir que los avances tecnológicos e Internet han contribuido de forma decisiva a un aprendizaje más abierto e interactivo que obliga a los profesionales de la información a adoptar nuevos roles para hacer frente a los retos que se le presentan, así como a nuevos comportamientos para lograr los compromisos que se les demandan. Atendiendo a estas premisas y teniendo en cuenta sus implicaciones, el objetivo de este trabajo es definir el nuevo concepto de bibliotecario en los Centros de Enseñanza Superior.

  13. Descripción del Nuevo Reino de Granada (1958

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Michael Francis

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Al principio del mes de abril de 1598, el recién nombrado arzobispo del Nuevo Reino de Granada, don Bartolomé Lobo Guerrero, se embarcó desde Nueva España para su nuevo puesto en Santafé de Bogotá. Viajaron con él dos padres jesuitas: Alonso de Medrano y Francisco de Figueroa.? Lobo Guerrero le había pedido al provincial de México, Esteban Páez, que le acompañasen dos jesuitas al Nuevo Reino, con el intento de establecer una presencia permanente de la Compañía en el territorio. Páez accedió a la petición del arzobispo, y nombró a Medrano y Figueroa para la tarea. Y después de una difícil travesía, la cuál describe en poco detalle Juan Manuel Pacheco, los tres llegaron el 05 de octubre de 1598 al puerto de Cartagena. Dos meses más tarde salieron para Santafé de Bogotá.

  14. Chillida y la realidad : ¿un nuevo romanticismo?

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    Begoña Fernández Cabaleiro

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El arte del romanticismo es la expresión de una sensibilidad que se libera de las reglas establecidas con el fin de buscar nuevas fuentes de inspiración. Esto lleva al artista a buscar nuevos caminos a través de la naturaleza. A finales del siglo XX el hombre vive una situación de vértigo. El arte surge como una vía de transfiguración. Eduardo Chillida parte de la realidad. La relee y la expresa de un modo nuevo. Agua, luz, espacio, sonido; hombre y libertad; espíritu y materia son de nuevo descubiertas y manifestadas en su obra.Romanticize art was a way of sensibility without regulation; It wanted to look for new inspiration ways. The artist looked into the Nature. At the end of XXth century, the man lives a difficult situation.The art borns as a way of change. Eduardo Chillida begins in the reality. He studies it and he makes it in a new way. Water, light, space, sound; Man and liberty; mind and matter are discovered again in his work.

  15. Diamonds, a resource curse? The case of Kono District in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Sigismond Ayodele

    Using an actor-oriented approach to political ecology integrated with theory on the social production of scale, this dissertation examines the extent to which diamond exploitation constitutes a resource curse in Sierra Leone, with Kono District as a case-study. It uses social survey methods and remote sensing analysis of Landsat images to (1) evaluate the role of Sierra Leone's diamonds in economic development from a historical lens, (2) examine the extent to which a weak regulatory state apparatus makes a rich diamond endowment more of a curse than a blessing, (3) determine whether geographically diffuse and remotely-located diamonds are more a liability than an asset, and (4) assess whether environmental conditions are worse in diamond than in non-diamond chiefdoms. Results of the study showed that the contribution of diamonds to national economic growth declined precipitously following the politicization of diamonds and growing informalization of mining under the leadership of Siaka Stevens. Growing disenchantment combined with grievances over access to diamond resources and rights, culminating in a civil war fuelled by conflict diamonds. Findings indicated that actors capitalized on a weak regulatory state to fulfill their agendas. Illicit diamond exploitation was mainly driven by corruption, economic constraints and perverse economic incentives. Preferential land allocation to industrial mining following World Bank Group-directed national mining policy reforms and the weakness of the state in ensuring companies' adherence to mining clauses precipitated corporation-community conflicts. Study findings showed that the resource curse was acute on diggers who received less than 1 a day unlike their South American counterparts who made at least 7 daily. Results from the study demonstrate that the spatiality of diamonds also contributed to the resource curse. Illicit diamond mining was more acute in remotely located mining sites than in extractive sites closer to

  16. De los problemas a los retos de la población rural de Castilla y León. (From the problems to the challenges of the rural population in Castile-Leon.

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    José Manuel del Barrio Aliste

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los temas que más preocupan en la actualidad en Castilla y León es el relacionado con los problemas y desafíos de la población en las zonas rurales. Con el fin de contribuir al debate sobre esta cuestión, este texto pretende ofrecer algunas reflexiones sobre este importante y controvertido tema. En primer lugar, se reflexiona sobre la importancia de las cuestiones de población en el imaginario colectivo de la región, en el estado de la autonomía y en la “Agenda para la Población de Castilla y León”. En segundo lugar, se aportan algunos datos poblacionales básicos, poniendo de relieve las disparidades, las diferencias demográficas y los contrastes que existen en la región. Por último, en tercer lugar, proporcionar algunas propuestas para la acción, centrándose en particular en las implicaciones de los nuevos escenarios de la ruralidad. One of the issues that most concern in Castile-Leon are related to the problems and challenges of the population in rural areas. In order to contribute to the debate on this question, this text seeks to provide some thoughts about this important and controversial issue. First, some reflections about the importance of population issues in the collective imagination of the region, in the status of autonomy and in the “Agenda for the Population of Castile-Leon”. Secondly, there is some basic population data, highlighting the disparities, demographic differences and contrasts that exist in the region. Finally, thirdly, some proposals for action are provided, focusing in particular on the implications of the new context in the rural areas.

  17. Nise da Silveira, Fernando Diniz e Leon Hirszman: política, sociedade e arte

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    Walter Melo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda o processo de construção do filme Imagens do Inconsciente, mais especificamente do episódio Em Busca do Espaço Cotidiano, sobre Fernando Diniz e sua produção pictórica. O encontro entre a psiquiatra Nise da Silveira e o cineasta Leon Hirszman está marcado pela não dissociação de política, sociedade e arte. O trabalho terapêutico e de reabilitação psicossocial desenvolvido por Nise da Silveira tem como característica o estabelecimento de importantes conexões com o campo das artes, possibilitando o diálogo com toda a sociedade. Esse trabalho de transformação cultural e de mentalidades fez com que fosse questionada a exclusão social dos chamados doentes mentais e transformada a política de assistência no campo da saúde mental no Brasil.

  18. Hiperplasia linfoide de íleon terminal, presentación de un caso

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    Arley Fajardo Ochoa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de un adolescente masculino de 16 años de edad que acudió a la consulta por dolor abdominal recurrente, localizado en la fosa ilíaca derecha, el cual había recibido tratamiento sintomático con antiespasmódicos y antiparasitarios sin lograr mejoría del dolor, por lo que fue remitido a la consulta de Gastroenterología donde se le realizaron exámenes complementarios que evidenciaron la existencia de una patología en el íleon terminal, se remitió al Instituto de Gastroenterología, donde se le realizó una colonoscopia y se le diagnosticó una hiperplasia linfoide severa de Ileon terminal que con el tratamiento higiénico dietético, se logró disminuir la frecuencia y la intensidad del dolor, sin embargo en las colonoscopías evolutivas se observó un incremento en la intensidad y la extensión de la hiperplasia por lo que se le indicaron exámenes endoscópicos e histológicos cada seis meses, llama la atención que a pesar de la severidad del cuadro, nunca se ha observado ningún episodio de sangrado digestivo que es la forma de presentación más frecuente de esta entidad

  19. Short Report: Serological Evidence of Under-Reported Dengue Circulation in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araújo Lobo, Jaime M; Mores, Christopher N; Bausch, Daniel G; Christofferson, Rebecca C

    2016-04-01

    Dengue virus (DENV) is thought to have emerged from a sylvatic cycle in Africa but has since become adapted to an urban-centric transmission cycle. These urban areas include villages in West Africa where DENV is not often routinely considered for patients presenting with febrile illnesses, as other endemic diseases (malaria, Lassa fever, e.g.) present with similar non-specific symptoms. Thus, dengue is likely under diagnosed in the region. These plaque reduction neutralization test-50 (PRNT50) screening results of patients presenting with fevers of unknown origin (FUO) at a clinic in Kenema, Sierra Leone indicate that all four serotypes of DENV likely circulate in areas surrounding Kenema. Using a more conservative PRNT80 cut-off value, our results still indicate the presence of antibody to all four serotypes in the region. Identifying alternate etiologies of FUOs in this region will assist clinicians in plan-of-care decisions as well as follow-up priorities. This is particularly relevant given the Ebola outbreak in the region, where diagnosis has a range of downstream effects ranging from correct allocation of medical resources, appropriate isolation of patients, and ultimately, a better informed public health sector.

  20. Short Report: Serological Evidence of Under-Reported Dengue Circulation in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araújo Lobo, Jaime M.; Mores, Christopher N.; Bausch, Daniel G.

    2016-01-01

    Dengue virus (DENV) is thought to have emerged from a sylvatic cycle in Africa but has since become adapted to an urban-centric transmission cycle. These urban areas include villages in West Africa where DENV is not often routinely considered for patients presenting with febrile illnesses, as other endemic diseases (malaria, Lassa fever, e.g.) present with similar non-specific symptoms. Thus, dengue is likely under diagnosed in the region. These plaque reduction neutralization test-50 (PRNT50) screening results of patients presenting with fevers of unknown origin (FUO) at a clinic in Kenema, Sierra Leone indicate that all four serotypes of DENV likely circulate in areas surrounding Kenema. Using a more conservative PRNT80 cut-off value, our results still indicate the presence of antibody to all four serotypes in the region. Identifying alternate etiologies of FUOs in this region will assist clinicians in plan-of-care decisions as well as follow-up priorities. This is particularly relevant given the Ebola outbreak in the region, where diagnosis has a range of downstream effects ranging from correct allocation of medical resources, appropriate isolation of patients, and ultimately, a better informed public health sector. PMID:27116605

  1. The etiology of Ebola virus disease-like illnesses in Ebola virusnegative patients from Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lei; Ji, Dong; Ji, Ying-Jie; Li, Chen; Gao, Xu-Dong; Wang, Li-Fu; Zhao, Min; Duan, Xue-Zhang; Duan, Hui-Juan

    2016-01-01

    During the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, less than half of EVD-suspected cases were laboratory tested as Ebola virus (EBOV)-negative, but disease identity remained unknown. In this study we investigated the etiology of EVD-like illnesses in EBOV-negative cases. From November 13, 2014 to March 16, 2015, EVD-suspected patients were admitted to Jui Government Hospital and assessed for EBOV infection by real-time PCR. Of 278 EBOV negative patients, 223 (80.21%), 142 (51.08%), 123 (44.24%), 114 (41.01%), 59 (21.22%), 35 (12.59%), and 12 (4.32%) reported fever, headache, joint pain, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, hemorrhage, respectively. Furthermore, 121 (43.52%), 44 (15.83%), 36 (12.95%), 33 (11.87%), 23 (8.27%), 10 (3.60%) patients were diagnosed as infection with malaria, HIV, Lassa fever, tuberculosis, yellow fever, and pneumonia, respectively. No significant differences in clinical features and symptoms were found between non-EVD and EVD patients. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to explore the etiology of EVD-like illnesses in uninfected patients in Sierra Leone, highlighting the importance of accurate diagnosis to EVD confirmation. PMID:27058894

  2. Assessment of Environmental Contamination and Environmental Decontamination Practices within an Ebola Holding Unit, Freetown, Sierra Leone.

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    Daniel Youkee

    Full Text Available Evidence to inform decontamination practices at Ebola holding units (EHUs and treatment centres is lacking. We conducted an audit of decontamination procedures inside Connaught Hospital EHU in Freetown, Sierra Leone, by assessing environmental swab specimens for evidence of contamination with Ebola virus by RT-PCR. Swabs were collected following discharge of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD patients before and after routine decontamination. Prior to decontamination, Ebola virus RNA was detected within a limited area at all bedside sites tested, but not at any sites distant to the bedside. Following decontamination, few areas contained detectable Ebola virus RNA. In areas beneath the bed there was evidence of transfer of Ebola virus material during cleaning. Retraining of cleaning staff reduced evidence of environmental contamination after decontamination. Current decontamination procedures appear to be effective in eradicating persistence of viral RNA. This study supports the use of viral swabs to assess Ebola viral contamination within the clinical setting. We recommend that regular refresher training of cleaning staff and audit of environmental contamination become standard practice at all Ebola care facilities during EVD outbreaks.

  3. Short Report: Serological Evidence of Under-Reported Dengue Circulation in Sierra Leone.

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    Jaime M de Araújo Lobo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Dengue virus (DENV is thought to have emerged from a sylvatic cycle in Africa but has since become adapted to an urban-centric transmission cycle. These urban areas include villages in West Africa where DENV is not often routinely considered for patients presenting with febrile illnesses, as other endemic diseases (malaria, Lassa fever, e.g. present with similar non-specific symptoms. Thus, dengue is likely under diagnosed in the region. These plaque reduction neutralization test-50 (PRNT50 screening results of patients presenting with fevers of unknown origin (FUO at a clinic in Kenema, Sierra Leone indicate that all four serotypes of DENV likely circulate in areas surrounding Kenema. Using a more conservative PRNT80 cut-off value, our results still indicate the presence of antibody to all four serotypes in the region. Identifying alternate etiologies of FUOs in this region will assist clinicians in plan-of-care decisions as well as follow-up priorities. This is particularly relevant given the Ebola outbreak in the region, where diagnosis has a range of downstream effects ranging from correct allocation of medical resources, appropriate isolation of patients, and ultimately, a better informed public health sector.

  4. The Effect of Community-Based Prevention and Care on Ebola Transmission in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Braeden; Lee, Sylvia; Bhatnagar, Aarunima; Wolman, Yaron; Monasch, Roeland; Hipgrave, David; Salama, Peter; Kucharski, Adam; Chopra, Mickey

    2016-01-01

    Objectives. To examine the acceptability, use, effects on early isolation, and contribution to Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission of Community Care Centers (CCCs), which were rapidly deployed in Sierra Leone during an accelerated phase of the 2014–2015 EVD epidemic. Methods. Focus group discussions, triads, and key informant interviews assessed acceptability of the CCCs. Facility registers, structured questionnaires, and laboratory records documented use, admission, and case identification. We estimated transmission effects by comparing time between symptom onset and isolation at CCCs relative to other facilities with the national Viral Hemorrhagic Fever data set. Results. Between November 2014 and January 2015, 46 CCCs were operational. Over 13 epidemic weeks, 6129 patients were triaged identifying 719 (12%) EVD suspects. Community acceptance was high despite initial mistrust. Nearly all patients presented to CCCs outside the national alert system. Isolation of EVD suspects within 4 days of symptoms was higher in CCCs compared with other facilities (85% vs 49%; odds ratio = 6.0; 95% confidence interval = 4.0, 9.1), contributing to a 13% to 32% reduction in the EVD reproduction number (Ro). Conclusions. Community-based approaches to prevention and care can reduce Ebola transmission. PMID:26890176

  5. Predictors of Hypertension in a Population of Undergraduate Students in Sierra Leone

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    Aiah Lebbie

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We report on the first survey of hypertension in undergraduates in Sierra Leone. Levels of hypertension (12% and obesity (4% appear low compared to the general population but given the rapid increase of both and the expectation that many graduates will enter the formal employment sector and a sedentary lifestyle, there is still cause for concern. We measured their BMI (body mass index and used a questionnaire to investigate demographic and lifestyle choices. In agreement with most authorities, we found that BMI and age were statistically significant predictors of systolic and diastolic blood pressure but that the explanatory power was low (r=0.21 to 0.27. Men may be more sensitive than women to an increase in BMI on blood pressure (p<0.1. We failed to find statistically significant relationships with ethnicity, religion, stress, course of study, levels of physical activity, diet, smoking, or consumption of caffeine and alcohol. Family history of hypertension, consumption of red palm oil, and self-diagnosed attacks of typhoid fever were close to conventional levels of significance (p<0.1. We intend to use this as a baseline for longitudinal studies to assess risks and suggest appropriate public health action.

  6. Diamanti e sviluppo Un’analisi critica degli stereotipi sui minatori della Sierra Leone

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    Lorenzo D’Angelo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the Sierra Leone’s diamond mines have been the focus of an intense debate among analysts and experts of the development. Two main interrelated issues have been at stake in this debate: first, to understand the economic and political reasons that had supported the civil war from 1991 to 2002 and, second, to understand how to convert a potential “conflict commodity” in a resource for peace and prosperity. In this paper, I intend to highlight some recurring stereotypes of this debate. In particular, I will focus on a constellation of representations that depict the artisanal miners either as workers poorly organized and prone to irrational economic behavior, or as workers subjected to forms of exploitation akin to slavery. Based on fieldwork conducted in the diamond mining areas of Sierra Leone (2007-2011, this article intends to analyze the main forms of working organization and distribution of earnings among the miners. By challenging some stereotypes characterizing the development discourse, my aim is to show the cultural complexity and the historical density of the practices through which the miners face the risks and uncertainties of their job.

  7. Navigating Crisis and Chronicity in the Everyday: Former Child Soldiers in Urban Sierra Leone

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    Myriam Denov

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aftermath of war is typically referred to as ‘post-conflict’, often insinuating a stage of relative calm following a period of armed violence, upheaval and strife. However, the assumption that the post-war context brings forth peace, prosperity and stability negates the reality that conflict, violence and poverty may become embedded in the post-war social fabric. Following its decade long civil war, Sierra Leone continues to contend with a political, social and economic reality marked by widespread poverty, violence, and devastated health and social service systems, highlighting that for many, ‘crisis’ has in fact become chronic and endemic in the post-war period. Drawing on interviews with 11 former child soldiers living in an urban settlement, this article underscores the blurred distinction between periods of war and peace. Moreover, using the concept of social navigation, the paper explores the strategies the youth deliberately and tactfully employed in negotiating a volatile post-conflict terrain. Their narratives reveal their active, rather than passive, efforts in fostering their own social, economic and physical wellbeing in light of ever-changing, and unstable circumstances.

  8. Sequelae and Other Conditions in Ebola Virus Disease Survivors, Sierra Leone, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandy, Alren O.; Stretch, Rebecca; Otieno, David; Prajapati, Mukesh; Calderon, Mauricio; Vandi, Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    We rapidly assessed the health of Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors in Kenema, Sierra Leone, by reviewing medical charts of all patients attending the Survivor Clinic of Kenema Government Hospital. Data were abstracted on signs and symptoms at every attendance. As of November 2015, a total of 621 attendances by 115 survivors with laboratory-confirmed EVD were made to the Survivor Clinic. Most (60.9%) survivors were women. Survivors’ median age was 28 years (range 0.25–70 years). Survivors attended the clinic a median of 5 times (range 1–21 times) each, and the median time from EVD discharge to attendance was 261 days (range 4–504 days). The most commonly reported signs and symptoms among the 621 attendances were headache (63.1%), fever (61.7%), and myalgia (43.3%). Because health needs of EVD survivors are complex, rapid chart reviews at survivor clinics should be repeated regularly to assess the extent of illness and prioritize service delivery. PMID:27983503

  9. Helminth infections in British troops following an operation in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, M S; Thomas, R; Green, A D; Bailey, J W; Beeching, N J

    2006-09-01

    One hundred and fifty-three British soldiers and 86 Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel were deployed on a hostage rescue operation in Sierra Leone. For 3 days they were exposed to various infection risks and 6 weeks later some of the soldiers presented with gastrointestinal complaints. Both groups were screened with structured questionnaires, blood investigations and (where indicated) faecal microscopy and charcoal culture for helminths. Definite and probable cases of helminth infection were treated with albendazole and all soldiers were screened again after 3 months. Among the soldiers investigated, 73/145 (50%) reported gastrointestinal symptoms and 70/139 (50%) had eosinophilia. Among these, 17/66 (26%) had hookworm infection, 6/66 (9%) had Strongyloides stercoralis infection and 1/66 (2%) had Giardia lamblia infection. Eosinophilia was most strongly associated with entering the enemy camp and being in the platoon that attacked the area around the camp latrines. Among RAF personnel, who were not involved in activities on the ground, 3/86 (3%) had borderline eosinophilia. Treatment of 105/153 (69%) soldiers with albendazole was well tolerated and, on follow-up screening 3 months later, 23/124 soldiers (19%) had gastrointestinal symptoms and 18/121 (15%) had eosinophilia. Faecal investigations and schistosomiasis serology tests were all negative at this stage.

  10. Historical data review and source analysis of PCBs/Arochlors in the Lower Leon Creek Watershed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipley, Heather J; Sokoly, Diana; Johnson, Drew W

    2017-02-01

    PCBs have been banned since the late 1970s, but concentrations still exist in sediments and riverine fish and continue to exceed regulatory limits which can result in negative health effects. This study looks at historical records of PCB and Arochlor concentrations in surface water, sediments, and fish tissue for the Lower Leon Creek, Bexar County in Texas. Temporal analysis on the concentrations of PCBs and Arochlors was conducted for detection and exceedance of selected screening criteria. In addition, the half-lives of select PCB congeners were calculated for 2007-2012 data to ascertain differences in PCB concentrations with their hydrophobicity. Source analysis was conducted to determine the potential contributing sources of PCB contamination using source data (landfills, outfalls, etc.) and the PCB exceedance data. For sediment and fish tissue sampling results, historic data shows high concentrations of PCB/Arochlors over the course of several decades. The historical data is characterized as being widely variable for detections in Arochlors and concentrations between years, with a dramatic drop in concentrations detected starting in 2009. Overall, the sampling locations adjacent to and downstream from the former Kelly Air Force Base have the highest concentrations of PCB/Arochlors over the longest period of time. The results of this work will aid regulatory agencies in addressing impairment.

  11. Assessment of Community Event–Based Surveillance for Ebola Virus Disease, Sierra Leone, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe, Samuel J.; Jasperse, Joseph; Privette, Grayson; Stone, Erin; Miller, Laura; Hertz, Darren; Fu, Clementine; Maenner, Matthew J.; Jambai, Amara; Morgan, Oliver

    2016-01-01

    In 2015, community event–based surveillance (CEBS) was implemented in Sierra Leone to assist with the detection of Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases. We assessed the sensitivity of CEBS for finding EVD cases during a 7-month period, and in a 6-week subanalysis, we assessed the timeliness of reporting cases with no known epidemiologic links at time of detection. Of the 12,126 CEBS reports, 287 (2%) met the suspected case definition, and 16 were confirmed positive. CEBS detected 30% (16/53) of the EVD cases identified during the study period. During the subanalysis, CEBS staff identified 4 of 6 cases with no epidemiologic links. These CEBS-detected cases were identified more rapidly than those detected by the national surveillance system; however, too few cases were detected to determine system timeliness. Although CEBS detected EVD cases, it largely generated false alerts. Future versions of community-based surveillance could improve case detection through increased staff training and community engagement. PMID:27434608

  12. Synoptic patterns associated with wildfires caused by lightning in Castile and Leon, Spain

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    E. García-Ortega

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The Iberian Peninsula presents the highest number of wildfires in Europe. In the NW of Spain in particular, wildfires are the natural risk with the greatest economic impact in this region. Wildfires caused by lightning are closely related to the triggering of convective phenomena. The prediction of thunderstorms is a very complex task because these weather events have a local character and are highly dependent on mesoscale atmospheric conditions. The development of convective storms is directly linked to the existence of a synoptic environment favoring convection. The aim of this study is to classify the atmospheric patterns that provide favorable environments for the occurrence of wildfires caused by lightning in the region of Castile and Leon, Spain. The database used for the study contains 376 wildfire days from the period 1987–2006. NCEP data reanalysis has been used. The atmospheric fields used to characterise each day were: geopotential heights and temperatures at 500 hPa and 850 hPa, relative humidity and the horizontal wind at 850 hPa. A Principal Component Analysis in T-mode followed by a Cluster Analysis resulted in a classification of wildfire days into five clusters. The characteristics of these clusters were analysed and described, focusing particularly on the study of those wildfire days in which more than one wildfire was detected. In these cases the main feature observed was the intensification of the disturbance typical of the cluster to which the wildfire belongs.

  13. Social pathways for Ebola virus disease in rural Sierra Leone, and some implications for containment.

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    Paul Richards

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The current outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in Upper West Africa is the largest ever recorded. Molecular evidence suggests spread has been almost exclusively through human-to-human contact. Social factors are thus clearly important to understand the epidemic and ways in which it might be stopped, but these factors have so far been little analyzed. The present paper focuses on Sierra Leone, and provides cross sectional data on the least understood part of the epidemic-the largely undocumented spread of Ebola in rural areas. Various forms of social networking in rural communities and their relevance for understanding pathways of transmission are described. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between marriage, funerals and land tenure. Funerals are known to be a high-risk factor for infection. It is suggested that more than a shift in awareness of risks will be needed to change local patterns of behavior, especially in regard to funerals, since these are central to the consolidation of community ties. A concluding discussion relates the information presented to plans for halting the disease. Local consultation and access are seen as major challenges to be addressed.

  14. Assessment of Environmental Contamination and Environmental Decontamination Practices within an Ebola Holding Unit, Freetown, Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youkee, Daniel; Brown, Colin S; Lilburn, Paul; Shetty, Nandini; Brooks, Tim; Simpson, Andrew; Bentley, Neil; Lado, Marta; Kamara, Thaim B; Walker, Naomi F; Johnson, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    Evidence to inform decontamination practices at Ebola holding units (EHUs) and treatment centres is lacking. We conducted an audit of decontamination procedures inside Connaught Hospital EHU in Freetown, Sierra Leone, by assessing environmental swab specimens for evidence of contamination with Ebola virus by RT-PCR. Swabs were collected following discharge of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) patients before and after routine decontamination. Prior to decontamination, Ebola virus RNA was detected within a limited area at all bedside sites tested, but not at any sites distant to the bedside. Following decontamination, few areas contained detectable Ebola virus RNA. In areas beneath the bed there was evidence of transfer of Ebola virus material during cleaning. Retraining of cleaning staff reduced evidence of environmental contamination after decontamination. Current decontamination procedures appear to be effective in eradicating persistence of viral RNA. This study supports the use of viral swabs to assess Ebola viral contamination within the clinical setting. We recommend that regular refresher training of cleaning staff and audit of environmental contamination become standard practice at all Ebola care facilities during EVD outbreaks.

  15. XRD-based 40Ar/39Ar age correction for fine-grained illite, with application to folded carbonates in the Monterrey Salient (northern Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitz-Díaz, Elisa; Hall, Chris M.; van der Pluijm, Ben A.

    2016-05-01

    Due to their minute size, 40Ar/39Ar analysis of illite faces significant analytical challenges, including mineral characterization and, especially, effects of grain size and crystallography on 39Ar recoil. Quantifying the effects of 39Ar recoil requires the use of sample vacuum encapsulation during irradiation, which permits the measurement of the fraction of recoiled 39Ar as well as the 39Ar and 40Ar∗ retained within illite crystals that are released during step heating. Total-Gas Ages (TGA) are calculated by using both recoiled and retained argon, which is functionally equivalent to K-Ar ages, while Retention Ages (RA) only involve retained Ar in the crystal. Natural applications have shown that TGA fits stratigraphic constraints of geological processes when the average illite crystallite thickness (ICT) is smaller than 10 nm, and that RA matches these constraints for ICTs larger than 50 nm. We propose a new age correction method that takes into account the average ICT and corresponding recoiled 39Ar for a sample, with X-ray Corrected Ages (XCA) lying between Total-Gas and Retention Ages depending on ICT. This correction is particularly useful in samples containing authigenic illite formed in the anchizone, with typical ICT values between 10 and 50 nm. In three samples containing authigenic illite from Cretaceous carbonates in the Monterrey Salient in northern Mexico, there is a range in TGAs among the different size-fractions of 46-49, 36-43 and 40-52 Ma, while RAs range from 54-64, 47-52 and 53-54 Ma, respectively. XCA calculations produce tighter age ranges for these samples of 52.5-56, 45.5-48.5 and 49-52.5 Ma, respectively. In an apparent age vs ICT or %2M 1illite plot, authigenic illite grains show a slope that is in general slightly positive for TGA, slightly negative for RA, but close to zero for XCA, with thinner crystallites showing more dispersion than thicker ones. In order to test if dispersion is due to a different formation history or the result

  16. PRÁCTICAS PREVENTIVAS DE LOS HABITANTES MAYORES DE 25 AÑOS EN MONTERREY Y SU ZONA METROPOLITANA (MÉXICO

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    Ma. Eugenia Garza

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Los padecimientos crónicos y degenerativos son las primeras causas de morbi-mortalidad en México, por lo que el Sector Salud ha implementado acciones de prevención y detección oportuna. El uso de los servicios de salud es una conducta dinámica de la población. Para que la gente utilice estas acciones de prevención es necesario que se reduzcan barreras de acceso. Así, el objetivo del estudio fue determinar la utilización de los servicios de detección de diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial, cáncer cérvicouterino y mamario y aplicación del toxoide tetánico diftérico. Métodos: El tamaño de la muestra fue de 254 personas de 25 años y más, que habitaban en Monterrey y su zona metropolitana. En el uso de acciones preventivas se consideró a las personas que las habían usado el año anterior. El análisis consistió en estadística descriptiva y análisis bivariado. Resultados: Más del 60% de la población correspondió al sexo femenino, la edad promedio fue de 42,3 años±14 años y tres cuartas partes de la población contó con seguridad social. Un 37% mencionó haberse realizado la detección de diabetes y un 44,5% de hipertensión, mientras que le aplicaron el toxoide tetánico diftérico a un 31,1%. En las detecciones propias de la mujer, a un 34,3% de la población femenina le practicaron la correspondiente a cáncer cérvicouterino en tanto que a un 29,5%, la de cáncer mamario. No hubo relación entre uso de acciones con antecedentes familiares y percepción de importancia de la detección. Conclusiones: El uso de las acciones preventivas está por debajo de algunos estándares internacionales. Es necesaria la búsqueda de personas expuestas al riesgo para detectar oportunamente cualquier padecimiento crónico.

  17. Occurrence and concentrations of selected trace elements and halogenated organic compounds in stream sediments and potential sources of polychlorinated biphenyls, Leon Creek, San Antonio, Texas, 2012–14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Jennifer T.

    2016-06-23

    The Texas Department of State Health Services issued fish consumption advisories in 2003 and 2010 for Leon Creek in San Antonio, Texas, based on elevated concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in fish tissues. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) measured elevated PCB concentrations in stream-sediment samples collected during 2007–9 from Leon Creek at Lackland Air Force Base (now known as Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland; the sampling site at this base is hereinafter referred to as the “Joint Base site”) and sites on Leon Creek downstream from the base. This report describes the occurrence and concentrations of selected trace elements and halogenated organic compounds (pesticides, flame retardants, and PCBs) and potential sources of PCBs in stream-sediment samples collected from four sites on Leon Creek during 2012–14. In downstream order, sediment samples were collected from Leon Creek at northwest Interstate Highway 410 (Loop 410), Rodriguez Park, Morey Road, and Joint Base. The USGS periodically collected streambed-sediment samples during low flow and suspended-sediment samples during high flow.

  18. El nuevo paradigma arqueológico-bíblico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Maria Vigil

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Después de una época clásica de esplendor en la primera mitad del siglo pasado, la arqueología interesada por la investigación sobre el judeocristianismo se ha transformado profundamente, hablándose, con diferentes enfoques, de una Nueva Arqueología. El autor llama nuevo paradigma arqueológico, figuradamente, al conjunto tanto de esos nuevos enfoques como de los llamativos hallazgos arqueológicos encontrados, que desafían fuertemente la historicidad de hechos y de figuras bíblicas importantes, así como de la historia misma de los pueblos que han habitado secularmente la tierra palestina-israelí. La presentación de estos hallazgos hace hincapié especial en lo que llama «el relato detrás del relato», las vivencias histórico-existenciales del pueblo que elaboró los relatos y tradiciones tanto del Primero como del Segundo Testamento, deteniéndose concretamente en explicitar lo que está en juego en la aceptación de este desafío de la nueva arqueología. En la parte final el autor esboza pistas de reflexión, desde la perspectiva de las ciencias de la religión, acerca del profundo y múltiple replanteamiento múltiple al que este nuevo paradigma arqueológico parece invitar.

  19. Nuevos Hallazgos Arqueológicos en Ciudad Rodrigo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo MARTÍN VALLS

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Durante las obras de cimentación de un edificio en la calle del Cardenal Pacheco, muy cerca de la Plaza Mayor, se descubrieron diversos materiales cerámicos, que aportan nuevos datos sobre el antiguo núcleo de población que existió en Ciudad Rodrigo durante la época romana. A principios de siglo Gómez-Moreno señalaba que el emplazamiento de Ciudad Rodrigo era indicio de población antigua, aunque los vestigios romanos no «eran tan seguros en cuanto a su procedencia que alejen para mí ciertas dudas».

  20. Metales orgánicos. Una perspectiva de nuevos materiales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ballester, Manuel

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available This work explains with comprehensive terms for non specialists what the Organic Metals are ("coductive plastics". Those new materials will be in the near future a true revolution on several technology fields.

    En el presente trabajo se explica en términos asequibles, al no especialista, lo que son los Metales Orgánicos ("plásticos conductores". Estos nuevos materiales supondrán en un futuro próximo una verdadera revolución en numerosos ámbitos de la tecnología.

  1. Nuevo esterol y otros constituyentes de Zanthoxylum setulosum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto A. Angulo O.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Ácido cerótico, pungenina, (2S-naringenina, (2R-naringenina y el nuevo esterol 22-oxo-24-metilcolest-5-en-3p-ol fueron aislados de las hojas de Zanthoxylum setulosum; de la corteza fueron aislados lupeol, (8R, 8'R-3',4'-dimetoxi-3,4-metilenodioxilignan- 9,9'-olido y metilarctigenina; de la madera se aisló ácido cerótico, kokusaginina y siringaresinol. Sus estmcmras fueron elucidadas por RMN, incluyendo técnicas 2D y por comparación con muestras auténticas y datos de la literatura.

  2. WORKSHOP INTERNACIONAL: NUEVOS MODELOS EMPRESARIALES EN EL COOPERATIVISMO AGROALIMENTARIO

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    La Cátedra CAJAMAR-Universitat Politècnica de València de Economía Social, junto con CEGEA (centro al que está adscrita) organizaron el 3 de octubre de 2014 el Workshop Internacional: Nuevos modelos empresariales en el cooperativismo agroalimentario. Se trata de un congreso de carácter científico, enmarcado dentro de las actividades de la Cátedra Cajamar-UPV. Los ponentes fueron investigadores y responsables de empresas del sector.El Workshop se compuso de 2 mesas redondas compuestas por los ...

  3. Hacia un nuevo modelo: la empresa global integrada

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime Arrazola

    2007-01-01

    La globalización de la economía está teniendo múltiples efectos sobre la sociedad, el modo en el que vivimos, los hábitos de consumo de la población, el medio ambiente, las expectativas profesionales… Pero sobre todo está impactando de forma generalizada en los modelos de organización empresarial. Nos encontramos en una fase en la que es forzoso superar el modelo de empresas multinacionales para alcanzar uno nuevo basado en la integración global y horizontal de todas las act...

  4. Modelado en 3D del Puente Nuevo de Murcia

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Estade, Emilio

    2015-01-01

    Uno de los rasgos que definen a la sociedad moderna es el crecimiento de las ciudades. Normalmente, a costa de sus superficies rurales. La revolución industrial aportó el empleo de nuevas técnicas y materiales de construcción (hierro, cristal, hormigón…), que dieron una nueva imagen a las ciudades, muchas de ellas ancladas en una traza medieval. Los nuevos planos urbanos del último tercio del siglo XIX, responden a las nuevas necesidades sociales, desde las comunicaciones ha...

  5. Holografía generada por computadora: un nuevo procedimiento

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    Se presenta un nuevo modelo para el cálculo. de hologramas sintetizados computacionalmente. Dicho modelo se basa en la representación exacta del proceso de generación físico de un holograma para un número arbitrario fuentes genéricas (Ondas planas, esféricas o cualquier frente de onda del cual pueda extraerse la información de amplitud y fase en forma local, i.e.: como una f(x), con x un vector del espacio ge, y el dominio de f en e, los números complejos). Una vez sintetizado, será proyectad...

  6. La escuela: un nuevo escenario para la psicomotricidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel SASSANO

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En las puertas del nuevo siglo, para una educación casi esclerosada, aparecen nuevos aires de cambio, anclados en las reformas educativas que se van gestando en muchos países, aun bajo distintos paradigmas. La escuela se transforma entonces en un nuevo escenario posible para la Psicomotri cidad. En primer término, hablamos sobre lo que hemos dado en llamar «Abordaje Psico motriz» en la escuela, planteo referido a una relación de ayuda, para facilitar el camino, el proceso que va desde la dependencia a la mayor autonomía. Por ello, la Psicomotricidad en la escuela no es una técnica, una materia más, es, en todo caso, un enfoque que atiende a la globalidad del niño, a la revalorización del cuerpo y del movimiento en ese ámbito. En segundo lugar exponemos sobre la «hora de Psicomotricidad» o la «sesión de Psicomotricidad», donde alumnos, maestros y Psicomotricista comparten una hora semanal, favoreciendo el juego corporal y la actividad espontánea a partir del ofrecimiento de objetos que operan como disparadores y acompañantes. Vamos a comentar sobre el espacio físico, los objetos, el trabajo en sí mismo y su respectivo encuadre, dejando claro qué hacemos, qué cosas se pueden y cuáles están prohibidas en la sesión. Y por último, de cómo tanto el Abordaje Psicomotriz como la Hora o Sesión de Psicomotricidad en la escuela, se transforman en un abordaje preventivo y de salud, por ser el lugar privilegiado donde el niño puede descargar su impulsividad motriz sin culpabilidad, descarga que es condición esencial de su equilibrio afectivo. Cuando hablamos del cuerpo en educación, no se trata solamente del cuerpo del niño¿ también del cuerpo del educador, de sus resistencias y de la necesidad de modificar las capacidades vinculares para darle sentido a las acciones propias y del alumno. Interrogarse sobre el lugar del cuerpo en la educación es interrogarse sobre la Psicomotricidad en este nuevo escenario.

  7. La iglesia del Nuevo Reino de don Juan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1962-12-01

    Full Text Available La Iglesia Católica penetró en estas tierras de América con los primeros conquistadores. A diferencia de lo que pasa en nuestros días cuando la fe se predica en territorios de misiones, en que lentamente se va organizando la jerarquía eclesiástica pasando primero por las etapas de prefecturas y vicariatos apostólicos para llegar finalmente a la constitución de las diócesis, se puede afirmar que la Iglesia nació adulta en el Nuevo Mundo.

  8. Las cartas de Amerigo Vespucci sobre el Nuevo Mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dietrich Briesemeister

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Las cartas que Amerigo Vespucci envía a su protector, Lorenzo de Medici, desde Sevilla, Cabo Verde y Lisboa, constituyen un documento especial interés para estudiar las representaciones del Nuevo Mundo que realiza un humanista italiano del siglo XV. El presente artículo estudia los géneros discursivos que interactúan en la concepción de las cartas, la importancia de los principios de organización retórica del enunciado y los procesos de construcción del otro cultural.

  9. Concepto para un Nuevo Hotel Internacional de Varadero.

    OpenAIRE

    José Diwaldo García Sánchez; Ivanys Valderrama Ramírez; Pedro Yuniesky Rodríguez Martínez

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo abarca la etapa de concepto para un nuevo hotel en las parcelas donde hoy se ubican las Cabañas del Sol y el Hotel Internacional en el balneario de Varadero. Este aumentaría de sobremanera la capacidad habitacional en dicha zona, considerada operadores del turismo como una de las mejores franjas de playa del mundo, proponemos un hotel muy actual en cuanto en su arquitectura y composición espacial con categoría cinco estrellas plus, 890 habitaciones y una tipología semicompacta. P...

  10. Por un nuevo espacio crítico

    OpenAIRE

    Puente Rodríguez, Moisés

    2012-01-01

    La vorágine constructiva ha dado pie a una falta de reflexión sobre el papel de la profesión del arquitecto. A ello se le suma la aparición de unas nuevas figuras de "crítica basura" que, aprovechando los nuevos medios que posibilita la democratización de la red, inundan los medios especializados con información intrascendente. Ante esta aparente falta de consistencia crítica, la cultura arquitectónica ha derivado hacia lo visual y lo técnico en su reformulación de una cultura propia. ...

  11. The Originality of Regionalism in Castile and Leon Between 1931 and 1932. A Genuine Proyect or the Need to Assume a Second Best?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Felipe PALACIOS

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Between 1931 and 1932, as in other regions of Spain, Castile and Leon saw the resurgence of a regionalism that, so far, had hardly shown any signs of vitality. From this point, the question that arises is whether the renewed regionalist activity in Castile and Leon reflected an original feeling or was the consequence of the political advancement in Catalonia and of the new model of territorial organization regulated by the 1931 Constitution. Considering the behavior and the statements of the political, social and institutional forces, we can say that the regionalism in Castile and Leon did not respond to a genuine feeling but it was the result of the necessity of assuming a second best.

  12. " Nueva hermenéutica " a " nuevos derechos" o si no poner vino nuevo en odres viejos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeferson Antonio Fernandes Bacelar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El texto analiza el surgimiento de nuevos derechos humanos / fundamentales resul- tantes de las demandas sociales contemporáneas. Reafirma que tales derechos, no recono- cido inicialmente, se ganan y se registran con luchas intensas y constantes, pero todavía necesitan de justificación, lo que requeriría el conocimiento hermenéutico, tanto legales como filosófico. Muestra la alternativa hermenéutica apoyado inicialmente en la circulari- dad de Heidegger y de Gadamer, que el marco jurídico, está representado en la aparición de un nuevo modelo interpretativo, que superó al sistema de subsunción, y que ha per- mitido la adición de las actitudes exegéticas innovadoras a lo tradicional, ampliando las posibilidades de resolución de conflictos. En el caso de la interpretación jurídica, sostiene que debe garantizar tanto la apariencia como la realización de los derechos humanos/ fundamentales. Exactamente en la eficacia apunta al fracaso de los modelos eurocéntricos para tratar las cuestiones típicas de América Latina. Propuso “nueva hermenéutica” a los “nuevos derechos”, es decir, modelos latinoamericanos hermenéuticas que ayudan a pro- porcionar mejores condiciones para el surgimiento y mayor grado de realización de los derechos humanos / fundamentales, analizando las propuestas ofrecidas por los filósofos, especialmente Enrique Dussel (hermenéutica analéctica, Walter Mignolo (hermenéutica pluritópica y Mauricio Beuchot (hermenéutica analógica.

  13. Relationships of daily mortality and hospital admissions to air pollution in Castilla-Leon, Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Pablo, F.; Lopez, A.; Rivas Soriano, L.; Tomas, C. [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Salamanca (Spain)]. E-mail: fpd123@usal.es; Diego, L.; Gonzalez, M. [Instituto Regional de Salud Publica, SACYL Castilla-Leon (Spain); Barrueco, M. [Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Salamanca (Spain)

    2006-01-15

    We examined the possible relationships between pollutant concentrations and mortality at seven different locations of Castilla-Leon, Spain, and the relationships between such concentration levels and emergency admissions (morbidity) at four hospitals in the region, taking into account the possible masking effect of other atmospheric variables. The study was based on daily mortality and morbidity data from 1995 to 1997 (ICD-9 codes: 390-459 cardiovascular; 460-519 respiratory; 520-579 digestive causes); moreover, data for meteorological variables (air temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, atmospheric pressure and wind velocity) and air pollution data (SO{sub 2}, O{sub 3}, NO, NO{sub 2} and CO) were used. A minimum set of weather and pollutant predictors was selected using forward inclusion stepwise linear regression methods and these were used to produce a multivariate model of the different causes of mortality and morbidity. For the whole period, the mortality attributable to cardiovascular causes had an incidence higher than the mortality due to respiratory and digestive causes. The frequency distributions corresponding to the different diseases as classified by ages revealed that the population older than 69 is the most affected, the proportion of cardiovascular disease related deaths in this age sector being 7-fold higher than for the rest of the groups. Mortality and morbidity due to respiratory and cardiovascular-related diseases showed a high correlation coefficient with temperature, solar radiation and ozone, and in general significant correlations were also seen with SO{sub 2}. [Spanish] Se analizan las posibles relaciones existentes entre la mortalidad de la poblacion, el numero de admisiones hospitalarias (morbilidad) y los niveles de concentracion de contaminantes medidos en siete localidades y cuatro hospitales de Castilla-Leon, Espana, respectivamente, teniendo en cuenta el posible efecto de enmascaramiento que ejercen las variables

  14. Successful Control of Ebola Virus Disease: Analysis of Service Based Data from Rural Sierra Leone.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamalini Lokuge

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The scale and geographical distribution of the current outbreak in West Africa raised doubts as to the effectiveness of established methods of control. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD was first detected in Sierra Leone in May 2014 in Kailahun district. Despite high case numbers elsewhere in the country, transmission was eliminated in the district by December 2014. We describe interventions underpinning successful EVD control in Kailahun and implications for EVD control in other areas.Internal service data and published reports from response agencies were analysed to describe the structure and type of response activities, EVD case numbers and epidemic characteristics. This included daily national situation reports and District-level data and reports of the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation, and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF patient data and internal epidemiological reports. We used EVD case definitions provided by the World Health Organisation over the course of the outbreak. Characteristics assessed included level of response activities and epidemiological features such as reported exposure (funeral-related or not, time interval between onset of illness and admission to the EVD Management Centre (EMC, work-related exposures (health worker or not and mortality. We compared these characteristics between two time periods--June to July (the early period of response, and August to December (when coverage and quality of response had improved. A stochastic model was used to predict case numbers per generation with different numbers of beds and a varying percentage of community cases detected.There were 652 probable/confirmed EVD cases from June-December 2014 in Kailahun. An EMC providing patient care opened in June. By August 2014 an integrated detection, treatment, and prevention strategy was in place across the district catchment zone. From June-July to August-December 2014 surveillance and contact tracing staff increased from 1.0 to 8.8 per

  15. Patterns in Species Composition of Fish and Selected Invertebrate Assemblages in Estuarine Subregions near Ponce de Leon Inlet, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paperno, R.; Mille, K. J.; Kadison, E.

    2001-01-01

    The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission's Fisheries-Independent Monitoring program monitored the species composition and relative abundance of fishes and selected invertebrates in the estuarine waters near Ponce de Leon Inlet, Florida, from January 1993 through to December 1996. Sampling sites were located in three distinct physiographic and biotic estuarine subregions: Mosquito Lagoon (ML; 11 stations), Ponce de Leon Inlet (PI; 8 stations), and Tomoka Basin/River (TR; 8 stations). This series of subregions associated with Ponce de Leon Inlet is a species-rich estuarine system that is numerically dominated by a few taxa. A total of 1 080 477 animals representing 160 species and 56 families were recorded. Anchoa spp. (29·9%) and Menidia spp. (12·6%) were the numerically dominant taxa. Sciaenidae and Gobiidae were the most speciose families, with 12 species each (14·0% and 1·7% of the total animals collected, respectively), followed by the bothids 10 species (0·6% of total animals). Detrended correspondence analysis showed that the subregions could be discriminated by their respective species composition and relative abundance. Spatial differences in species composition were principally attributed to differences in the magnitude of seasonal recruitment events and to habitat characteristics associated with the presence of seagrass, inlet dynamics, or the influence of freshwater discharge. The presence of freshwater taxa (centrarchids) and the seasonal recruitment of juvenile Penaeidae, Micropogonias undulatus , Stellifer lanceolatus and Leiostomus xanthurus, characterize the TR area, whereas the presence of species associated with higher salinities ( Opisthonema oglinum and Harengula jaguana) characterize PI and with seagrass ( Lucania parva and Lagodon rhomboides) characterize ML.

  16. CUSTOMERS’ PREFERENCE FOR E – BANKING SERVICES: A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED BANKS IN SIERRA LEONE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. A. GBADEYAN

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The development and the increasing progress that is being experienced in the Information and Communication Technology have brought about a lot of changes in almost all facets of life. In the Banking Industry, it has been in the form of online banking, which is now replacing the traditional banking practice. Online banking has a lot of benefits which add value to customers’ satisfaction in terms of better quality of service offerings and at the same time enable the banks gain more competitive advantage over other competitors. There are some associated risks identified in the study that seem to hinder the success of e-banking services and thus constitute major concern to both financial institutions and customers. This paper therefore, examines, if customers’ choice of banks is influenced by the quality of e–banking services provided. Stratified sampling was used; while the survey Instrument was a developed Questionnaire comprising open ended and Likert type of questions. The Likert type questions have a 4 point scale (indicating 1 = very comfortable and 4 = uncomfortable divided into two (2 sections: personal details and customers’ e-banking preference in Sierra Leone. The instrument contained 36 items and was administered to about 400 respondents, while 360 completed and returned their Questionnaire. The statistical techniques used for the analysis were the Chi–Square and correlation. The Chi–Square analysis revealed that the quality of e–banking services offered by banks have significant influence on their customers at 95%, 3 degree of freedom. The paper recommends that various measures should be put in place to ensure more security such as installation of encrypted software, verification system of customer’s identification cards, frequent change of password, examining test questions and using mixed password such as the use of alphanumeric amongst others. The paper concludes that e –banking has become important phenomenon in

  17. Sources, determinants and utilization of health workers’ revenues: evidence from Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertone, Maria Paola; Lagarde, Mylene

    2016-01-01

    Exploring the entire set of formal and informal payments available to health workers (HWs) is critical to understand the financial incentives they face and devise effective incentive packages to motivate them. We investigate this issue in the context of Sierra Leone by collecting quantitative data through a survey and daily logbooks on the incomes of 266 HWs in three districts, and carrying out 39 qualitative in-depth interviews. We find that, while earnings related to the HWs official jobs represent the largest share, their income is fragmented and composed of a variety of payments, and there is a large heterogeneity in the importance of each income source within the total remuneration. Importantly, each income has different features in terms of regularity, reliability, ease of access, etc. Our analysis also reveals the determinants of the incomes received and their level based on individual and facility characteristics, and finds that these are not in line with HRH policies defined at national level. Additionally, from their narratives, it emerges that HWs are ‘managing’, in the sense both of ‘getting by’ and of enacting financial coping strategies, such as mental accounting (spending different incomes differently), income hiding to shelter it from family pressures, and re-investment of incomes to stabilize overall earnings over time, in order to ensure their livelihoods and those of their families. These strategies question the assumption of fungibility of incomes and the neutrality of increasing or regulating one rather than another of them. Together, our findings on earning and income use patterns have important policy implications for how we go about (re)thinking financial incentive strategies. PMID:27053639

  18. Potential Impact of Sexual Transmission on Ebola Virus Epidemiology: Sierra Leone as a Case Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica L Abbate

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Sexual transmission of Ebola virus disease (EVD 6 months after onset of symptoms has been recently documented, and Ebola virus RNA has been detected in semen of survivors up to 9 months after onset of symptoms. As countries affected by the 2013-2015 epidemic in West Africa, by far the largest to date, are declared free of Ebola virus disease (EVD, it remains unclear what threat is posed by rare sexual transmission events that could arise from survivors.We devised a compartmental mathematical model that includes sexual transmission from convalescent survivors: a SEICR (susceptible-exposed-infectious-convalescent-recovered transmission model. We fitted the model to weekly incidence of EVD cases from the 2014-2015 epidemic in Sierra Leone. Sensitivity analyses and Monte Carlo simulations showed that a 0.1% per sex act transmission probability and a 3-month convalescent period (the two key unknown parameters of sexual transmission create very few additional cases, but would extend the epidemic by 83 days [95% CI: 68-98 days] (p < 0.0001 on average. Strikingly, a 6-month convalescent period extended the average epidemic by 540 days (95% CI: 508-572 days, doubling the current length, despite an insignificant rise in the number of new cases generated.Our results show that reductions in the per sex act transmission probability via abstinence and condom use should reduce the number of sporadic sexual transmission events, but will not significantly reduce the epidemic size and may only minimally shorten the length of time the public health community must maintain response preparedness. While the number of infectious survivors is expected to greatly decline over the coming months, our results show that transmission events may still be expected for quite some time as each event results in a new potential cluster of non-sexual transmission. Precise measurement of the convalescent period is thus important for planning ongoing surveillance efforts.

  19. The Potential of Women’s Organization for Rural Development in Sierra Leone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresa Tenneh Dick

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizations are among the preferred outlets women use both to voice societal prejudices against them and to showcase their potential for rural/community development. There is an increasing advocacy for gender equality, women’s empowerment and the integration of women folks into the socio-economic, political and cultural fabrics of society. Girl-child education and women-based capacity building programs such as micro-finance, entrepreneurship, political activism, etc. have surfaced prominently on these women’s empowerment efforts. In this study, a questionnaire-driven survey is conducted in two districts in southern Sierra Leone. The survey covers 36 influential women in 36 town-level communities in the country. The study analyzes the personal and organization characteristics of the women in relation to social perceptions and rural/community development. A large percent of the women surveyed are educated, married and belong to social organizations. In addition to other social/development organizations, women’s organizations are also present in each of the surveyed communities. Most of the women organizations are local in nature and operate entirely on funds raised from within the local communities. This display of organizational ability of the surveyed rural women shows a significant perceptional shift towards recognizing women folks as productive counterparts in our societies. This trend also psychologically strengthens the women community to take on tangible responsibilities that were ones meant for men only. The analysis also shows that rural women hold managerial and other administrative positions in the organizations which are strongly oriented towards various forms of rural/community development. This is a significant positive deviation from the traditional perception which has unduly confined the women folks to the backyard for centuries now. This trend not only has the potential of benefiting the millions more women languishing in

  20. Impact of civil war on emotion recognition: the denial of sadness in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umiltà, Maria Allessandra; Wood, Rachel; Loffredo, Francesca; Ravera, Roberto; Gallese, Vittorio

    2013-01-01

    Studies of children with atypical emotional experience demonstrate that childhood exposure to high levels of hostility and threat biases emotion perception. This study investigates emotion processing, in former child soldiers and non-combatant civilians. All participants have experienced prolonged violence exposure during childhood. The study, carried out in Sierra Leone, aimed to examine the effects of exposure to and forced participation in acts of extreme violence on the emotion processing of young adults war survivors. A total of 76 young, male adults (38 former child soldier survivors and 38 civilian survivors) were tested in order to assess participants' ability to identify four different facial emotion expressions from photographs and movies. Both groups were able to recognize facial expressions of emotion. However, despite their general ability to correctly identify facial emotions, participants showed a significant response bias in their recognition of sadness. Both former soldiers and civilians made more errors in identifying expressions of sadness than in the other three emotions and when mislabeling sadness participants most often described it as anger. Conversely, when making erroneous identifications of other emotions, participants were most likely to label the expressed emotion as sadness. In addition, while for three of the four emotions participants were better able to make a correct identification the greater the intensity of the expression, this pattern was not observed for sadness. During movies presentation the recognition of sadness was significantly worse for soldiers. While both former child soldiers and civilians were found to be able to identify facial emotions, a significant response bias in their attribution of negative emotions was observed. Such bias was particularly pronounced in former child soldiers. These findings point to a pervasive long-lasting effect of childhood exposure to violence on emotion processing in later life.

  1. Marital form and infant survival among the Mende of rural Upper Bambara Chiefdom, Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaac, B L; Feinberg, W E

    1982-09-01

    The possible relationship between marital form (monogamy versus polygamy) and reproductive success as measured by survival to 18 months among the live issue of 65 Mende women was examined. The data were collectred in early 1968 in 9 rural villages within a 5 mile radius of Pendembu, the capital town of Upper Bambara Chiefdom, Sierra Leone. 15 of the 65 women were lone wives in monogamous unions; 50 were partners to 30 different polygamous marriages. The intensity of polygamy was relatively low among the 30 husbands: 19 (63.3%) had 2 wives each, 4 (13.3%) had 3 each, 3 (10.0%) had 4 each, 1 (3.3%) had 5, and 3 (10.0%) had 6 wives each. 98.5% of the 65 women stated farming as their only economic activity apart from domestic chores; the remaining woman performed only domestic tasks. A child was considered a survivor if he or she lived approximately 18 months or longer; a non survivor is a live issue that dies before roughly 18 months. Using logit analysis, a version of log linear analysis, child survivorship to 18 months was treated as the dependent variable. Age and marital form of the mother were treated as independent variables. The independent variables were themselves strongly related, but the survival of children to age 18 months was statistically independent of the age and marital situation of their mothers. The findings were surprising in view of the very different living environments, work schedules, and basic fertility (numbers of live births) patterns found in monogamous and polygamous unions, and within the polygamous unions, as between "Big Wives" and "junior cowives."

  2. Small cell cancer of the bladder: The Leon-Berard cancer centre experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabil Ismaili

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Small cell bladder carcinoma is an uncommon tumor. In this retrospective study we report our experience dealing with this disease at the Leon-Berard Cancer Centre. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed various characteristics of small cell bladder carcinoma: patient demographics, histological diagnosis, disease stage, treatment effects and outcome, in 14 non-metastatic small cell bladder carcinoma patients treated at our institution between 1995 and 2006. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 60 years (range, 45-77. All patients were male. Seventy-five per cent were smokers. All had locally advanced disease. Ten patients (71.4% were treated by cystoprostatectomy and bilateral pelvic lymph node resection, one by cystoprostatectomy alone. Two patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and four received adjuvant chemotherapy. One patient was treated by radiotherapy with concomitant cisplatin after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT. One patient refused surgery and was treated by chemotherapy alone. One patient was lost to follow-up after TURBT. After 49-month median follow-up, 12 patients had relapsed. Disease-free survival was 5.7 months. The most frequent sites of relapse were the retroperitoneal lymph node (seven patients and the liver (three patients. Nine patients died of metastasis. Median overall survival was 29.5 months. Survival probability at two years was 58%. Median overall survival was 34 months in the mixed small carcinoma group, as compared with 9.5 months in the pure small cell carcinoma group (P=0.01. Mean overall survival was 27.2 months for all patients and 38.6 months for patients treated with cystectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusion: To date, the optimal treatment for locally advanced small cell bladder carcinoma is not clear. Cystectomy with neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy appears as a viable option.

  3. Impact of civil war on emotion recognition: the denial of sadness in Sierra Leone.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alessandra eUmilta'

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies of children with atypical emotional experience demonstrate that childhood exposure to high levels of hostility and threat biases emotion perception. This study investigates emotion processing, in former child soldiers and non-combatant civilians. All participants have experienced prolonged violence exposure during childhood. The study, carried out in Sierra Leone, aimed to examine the effects of exposure to and forced participation in acts of extreme violence on the emotion processing of young adults war survivors. A total of 76 young, male adults (38 former child soldier survivors and 38 civilian survivors were tested in order to assess participants’ ability to identify four different facial emotion expressions from photographs and movies. Both groups were able to recognize facial expressions of emotion. However, despite their general ability to correctly identify facial emotions, participants showed a significant response bias in their recognition of sadness. Both former soldiers and civilians made more errors in identifying expressions of sadness than in the other three emotions and when mislabeling sadness participants most often described it as anger. Conversely, when making erroneous identifications of other emotions, participants were most likely to label the expressed emotion as sadness. In addition, while for three of the four emotions participants were better able to make a correct identification the greater the intensity of the expression, this pattern was not observed for sadness. During movies presentation the recognition of sadness was significantly worse for soldiers. While both former child soldiers and civilians were found to be able to identify facial emotions, a significant response bias in their attribution of negative emotions was observed. Such bias was particularly pronounced in former child soldiers. These findings point to a pervasive long-lasting effect of childhood exposure to violence on emotion processing

  4. Effects of Large-Scale Acquisition on Food Insecurity in Sierra Leone

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    Genesis Tambang Yengoh

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The recent phenomenon of large-scale acquisition of land for a variety of investment purposes has raised deep concerns over the food security, livelihood and socio-economic development of communities in many regions of the developing world. This study set out to investigate the food security outcomes of land acquisitions in northern Sierra Leone. Using a mixture of quantitative and qualitative research methods, the study measures the severity of food insecurity and hunger, compares the situation of food security before and after the onset of operations of a land investing company, analyzes the food security implications of producing own food versus depending on wage labour for household food needs, and evaluates initiatives put in place by the land investing company to mitigate its food insecurity footprint. Results show an increase in the severity of food insecurity and hunger. Household income from agricultural production has fallen. Employment by the land investing company is limited in terms of the number of people it employs relative to the population of communities in which it operates. Also, wages from employment by the company cannot meet the staple food needs of its employees. The programme that has been put in place by the company to mitigate its food insecurity footprint is failing because of a host of reasons that relate to organization and power relations. In conclusion, rural people are better off producing their own food than depending on the corporate structure of land investment companies. Governments should provide an enabling framework to accommodate this food security need, both in land investment operations that are ongoing and in those that are yet to operate.

  5. Carbon stock estimates for forests in the Castilla y Leon region, Spain. A GIS based method for evaluating spatial distribution of residual biomass for bio-energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gil, Maria Victoria; Blanco, Daniel; Carballo, Maria Teresa; Calvo, Luis Fernando [Chemical Engineering, Institute of Natural Resources, University of Leon, Avenida de Portugal, 41, 24071 Leon (Spain)

    2011-01-15

    Analysis of aboveground biomass and carbon stocks (as equivalent CO{sub 2}) was performed in the Castilla y Leon region, Spain. Data from the second and third Spanish Forest Inventories (1996 and 2006) were used. Total aboveground biomass was calculated using allometric biomass equations and biomass expansion factors (BEF), the first method giving higher values. Forests of Castilla y Leon stored 77,051,308 Mg of biomass, with a mean of 8.18 Mg ha{sup -1}, in 1996 and 135,531,737 Mg of biomass, with a mean of 14.4 Mg ha{sup -1}, in 2006. The total equivalent CO{sub 2} in this region's forests increased 9,608,824 Mg year{sup -1} between 1996 and 2006. In relation to the Kyoto Protocol, the Castilla y Leon forests have sequestered 3 million tons of CO{sub 2} per year, which represents 6.4% of the total regional emission of CO{sub 2}. A Geographic Information System (GIS) based method was also used to assess the geographic distribution of residual forest biomass for bio-energy in the region. The forest statistics data on area of each species were used. The fraction of vegetation cover, land slope and protected areas were also considered. The residual forest biomass in Castilla y Leon was 1,464,991 Mg year{sup -1}, or 1.90% of the total aboveground biomass in 1996. The residual forest biomass was concentrated in specific zones of the Castilla y Leon region, suitable for the location of industries that utilize biomass as energy source. The energy potential of the residual forest biomass in the Castilla y Leon region is 7350 million MJ per year. (author)

  6. Introducción al urbanismo sustentable o nuevo urbanismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silverio Hernández Moreno

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El urbanismo sustentable o nuevo urbanismo, es una manera actual de hacer a las ciudades sustentables, en lo referente a los aspectos urbanos. El diseño ecológicamente responsable es una herramienta muy útil en la creación de Arquitectura Sustentable, por tanto, en el nuevo urbanismo o urbanismo sustentable, también se toma como base el diseño ecológicamente responsable, hacia el ámbito urbano. La mayoría de las ciudades importantes de la actualidad son metrópolis que han crecido de manera desorganizada, y han perdido a su vez, la identidad que al inicio las caracterizaba, además de su funcionalidad y su estética. El urbanismo sustentable integra aspectos de estética, sustentabilidad y funcionalidad de las ciudades para otorgarles a sus habitantes o usuarios una mayor calidad de vida. Por tanto, el urbanismo sustentable es una nueva manera de hacer urbanismo en el mundo, y en México no debe ser la excepción.

  7. NUEVOS ANTICOAGULANTES ORALES EN FIBRILACIÓN AURICULAR

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    Dra. E. Marianella Seguel R.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La fibrilación auricular es la arritmia más frecuente y se relaciona con una alta tasa de accidente cerebrovascular y embolia sistécmica. La terapia establecida tanto para prevención primaria como secundaria es la anticoagulación con warfarina, antagonista de la vitamina K. Existen escalas que predicen el riesgo tromboembólico y la probabilidad de beneficiarse de terapia antitrombótica. El CHADS2 ha sido la más simple y ampliamente utilizada, pero actualmente el CHA2DS2-VASc ha incorporado otros factores de riesgo, otorgando una mejor estratificación. El estrecho margen terapécutico de la warfarina y la interacción con fármacos y alimentos requiere controles seriados de la intensidad de la anticoagulación, limitando su uso clínico. Han aparecido nuevos anticoagulantes que ofrecen ventajas sobre los antagonistas de vitamina K. Estos actúan en dos sitios distintos de la cascada de la coagulación: inhibiendo directamente la trombina como el dabigatran, o el factor X activado como el rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban y betrixaban. Estos nuevos fármacos han ido reemplazando a la warfarina y ya están incluidos en las guías de manejo de fibrilación auricular no valvular.

  8. Nuevo León, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy Mariñez Navarro

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la participación política y ciudadana de los jóvenes y las jóvenes en el Estado Nuevo León, México. Para ello se abordan elementos clave como la construcción de ciudadanía en México y particularmente en esta entidad federal, así como la política pública social hacia el sector juvenil. Se parte del concepto de participación como toda acción colectiva de individuos orientada a la satisfacción de determinados objetivos, y de política pública como las acciones gubernamentales producto de una agenda pública emanada de las demandas ciudadanas. Para los efectos de este trabajo, son los jóvenes, las jóvenes, la participación y la política pública, los conceptos orientadores, por lo que los aspectos institucionales de ellos y ellas son importantes para el análisis. De allí entonces que el objetivo del artículo sea mostrar una aproximación del nivel de articulación de la participación tanto política como ciudadana de este sector de la sociedad con las políticas públicas sociales juveniles de Nuevo León.

  9. Los nuevos dominios de la ciencia económica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bejarano Jesús Antonio

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Hace algo más de diez años, siendo Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad Nacional, tuve el honor de ser el primer expositor en el primer congreso de estudiantes de economía del país. Once años después, recae de nuevo en mí ese honor, y por ello debo expresar mi gratitud a los estudiantes organizadores de este cuento. Entre aquel primer congreso y éste se transformó no sólo el panorama del quehacer profesional sino también el panorama global de la ciencia económica, y creo que en forma radical. En poco más de veinte años, desde comienzos de los años setenta, se abrieron nuevos rumbos que, sin duda, quienes hoy son estudiantes seguirán en el futuro.

  10. Nuevos Datos sobre Sigillata Hispánica

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    María Ángeles MEZQUÍRIZ DE CATALÁN

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Durante el año 1972 se llevó a cabo una amplia campaña de excavación dentro del área urbana de Pamplona. Por una parte se amplió la zona ya excavada en años anteriores dentro del recinto de la Catedral (Arcedianato y por otra se hizo un sondeo al centro de una pequeña plaza lindante con la fachada norte de dicha Catedral (Plaza de San José. Todo ello ha aportado nuevos e interesantes datos para el conocimiento de la topografía urbana antigua, dándonos a conocer su desenvolvimiento histórico desde la Edad de Hierro hasta época visigoda y altomedieval.Los materiales encontrados están en fase de estudio, para su debida publicación, pero hemos querido sacar unos pequeños fragmentos, que aportan algo nuevo al conocimiento que se va teniendo de los alfareros y fabricación de las cerámicas hispánicas del tipo «Terra Sigillata».

  11. La mujer nuevo sujeto social: un reto para la educacion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Bartra

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available En estas dos últimas décadas, en América Latina han surgido diversos movimientos sociales que a su vez han producido la aparición de nuevos sujetos colectivos, especialmente significativos dentro de los sectores populares. El Perú es una expresión evidente de este fenómeno social y presenta en su panorama nacional diversos indicadores del mismo, dentro de una situación peculiar: la crisis socio-económica y la violencia generalizada que estamos viviendo. Uno de estos nuevos sujetos sociales es sin duda la mujer, que ha pasado de ser una marginada social a desempeñar un protagonismo dentro de las organizaciones populares. Su participación en la actividad comunal y en la sindical, ha sido generada casi siempre por las reacciones colectivas de reinvindicación y defensa de derechos primarios como alimentación, salud, vivienda y educación.

  12. Tema e variações - Mundo invisível de Leon Cakoff e Renata Almeida

    OpenAIRE

    Santana, Rosário; Santana, Helena

    2015-01-01

    Invisible World is a Brazilian film of 2011. Conceived by Leon Cakoff and Renata de Almeida, addresses the issue of social invisibility. Divided into eleven segments, each directed by a different director, except for the short film “Kreuko”, directed by Beto Brant and Cisco Vasques, the film was first shown in full version at the 36th International Film Festival of São Paulo. The film is controversial in the way it reflects and treats a subject as sensitive as it is the social invisibility. I...

  13. El utilitarismo de Jeremy Bentham ¿fundamento de la teoría de Leon Walras?

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera-Sotelo Aída-Sofía

    2011-01-01

    El presente texto cuestiona el utilitarismo de Jeremy Bentham como fundamento de la teoría marginalista walrasiana. La problemática se aborda a través de un análisis comparativo del pensamiento de Jeremy Bentham y de Leon Walras en tres áreas centrales: sus visiones de la sociedad y el objetivo social, sus aproximaciones teóricas y metodológicas en relación directa con sus respectivas teorías de la sociedad, y el lugar del principio de utilidad en el marco de las teorías generales de sociedad...

  14. Exact Solutions of the Couple Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli System by the Generalized ( G0 G -expansion Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Fazli Aghdaei

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the generalized ( G0 G –expansion method is applied to solve the coupled Boiti-Leon-Pempinelli system (BLP system. Generalized ( G0 G -expansion method was used to construct solitary wave solutions of the nonlinear evolution equations. This method is developed for searching the exact travelling wave solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations. It is shown that the ( G0 G -expansion method, with the help of symbolic computation, provides a straightforward and powerful mathematical tool for solving nonlinear partial differential equations

  15. Una especie nueva de myrcia (myrtaceae) y nuevos registros de la familia para colombia

    OpenAIRE

    PARRA-O., CARLOS

    2012-01-01

    Se describe e ilustra una especie nueva de Myrcia (Myrtaceae) para los Andes deColombia. Se discuten las afinidades taxonómicas del nuevo taxón dentro de lasMyrtaceae colombianas. Adicionalmente, se presentan cinco nuevos registros deMyrtaceae para la flora nativa colombiana.

  16. Woodianthus, género nuevo de Malváceas de Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Krapovickas

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Se describen Woodianthus, nuevo género y W. Sotoi, nueva especie de Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Se incluye una clave para mostrar la posición del nuevo género entre las tribus de las Malváceas

  17. Formas de interacción entre jóvenes de origen étnico en Monterrey con relatos audiovisuales extranjeros de ficción mediados por los medios de comunicación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Mario Miranda-Villanueva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La pregunta que origina este artículo responde a la manera en que se da la interacción entre jóvenes pertenecientes a grupos étnicos y que migra ron a Monterrey y a algunos relatos audiovisuales extranjeros de ficción que consumen. Los resultados del análisis discursivo de entrevistas na rrativas se utilizan para discutir las teorías del neoinstitucionalismo y el marco de la domesticación. El argumento es que si bien parece haber una cultura del mundo emergente por el origen del contenido de los medios audiovisuales que consumen los jóvenes de origen étnico, el análisis dis cursivo de la manera en que consumen dicho contenido sugiere más una diversidad cultural latente.

  18. Modelos de desarrollo de software de exportacion en el contexto de una region emergente: Caso area metropolitana de Monterrey, analisis de campo por el metodo de regresion lineal multiple.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres, F.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this document is to give to know the advantages that the different successful development models have offered for companies development of export software, making a synthesis from the CMM, until arriving to the CMMI, without stopping to make a critical analysis on the two models that have identified the critical factors for the export of software of the called countries of "3I" that they have demonstrated its success in this segment like: the model of factors of success for the software export (Heeks and Nicholson, 2002 and the model Oval (Carmel, E., 2003b, giving the minimum recommendations to the Mexican companies, developments of software export, have the competitiveness required in the international environment. This work is the result of the bibliographical revision of the models of software development and it is part of the doctoral thesis, about a sample of 40 companies developments of software export and the critical factors: Standard technological, Capacity of technological innovation, Formation of human capital, financial Capital and Support in investigation and development, with the purpose of identifying the opportunity areas to improve their international competitiveness, besides the economic results that can be obtained. The present study is based on the application of the statistical technique of the model of multiple lineal regressions, giving the following values: R= 0.549, 2 R =0.302, 2 R Ajus = 0.275. The positioning of the companies Mexican developments of software export and, in the particular case in the Metropolitan Area of the City of Monterrey, in the world market of software and related services, it will depend: that the company has a model to develop software export; of the consolidation of managerial associations of TI for the development of the export software and of the development of managerial consortia of export software in the Metropolitan Area of the City of Monterrey that they come to

  19. Configuration and Verification of the Security Application Based on Leon2%基于Leon2的安全应用配置方案及验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑欢

    2008-01-01

    安全处理器存在设计耗费资源和设计周期长的问题.针对这些问题,通过应用开放性处理器IP核Leon2的配置方法和ModeISim的仿真功能,提出了快速设计一个支持安全应用的处理器平台的方法.分析了作为安全应用的处理器控制平台的性能要求和Leon2的配置方法,设计了基于安全应用的处理器配置方案,仿真实现了处理器平台的安全应用功能,并通过综合验证了配置方案的可行性.最后结果显示,处理器功能正常,而且运行paranoia程序,验证了处理器数值计算能力.与其他方法相比,该方法具有快速经济的设计流程,且通过修改包程序可配置多种协处理器.

  20. Getting the 'blues': the existence, diffusion and influence of pornography on young peoples' sexual health in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    While substantial research has examined the effects of pornography on young people in developed societies, existing studies fall short in addressing how sexually-explicit material affects young people in developing countries. The importance of such knowledge increases as the globalising effects of technology expand young peoples' access and exposure to pornography. During the summer of 2012, a study was undertaken in Sierra Leone examining factors affecting young peoples' sexual and reproductive health. The research assessed the influence of HIV knowledge, communication about sex, civil war and contraception myths on sexual behaviours, while remaining open to unanticipated factors. During data collection, respondents identified pornography, also called blues, as an influential factor, detailing its newfound accessibility driven by improved access to information and communication technologies in the country. Respondents also addressed several presumed ways in which pornography impacts young peoples' decisions about sexual health. The following study examines perceived effects of young peoples' exposure to pornography based on existing literature. It then outlines the findings of research conducted in Sierra Leone, drawing on primary data from the respondents and relevant published literature and concludes with proposals for addressing its negative effects.

  1. Female Genital Mutilation in Sierra Leone: Forms, Reliability of Reported Status, and Accuracy of Related Demographic and Health Survey Questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Owolabi Bjälkander

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine forms of female genital mutilation (FGM, assess consistency between self-reported and observed FGM status, and assess the accuracy of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS FGM questions in Sierra Leone. Methods. This cross-sectional study, conducted between October 2010 and April 2012, enrolled 558 females aged 12–47 from eleven antenatal clinics in northeast Sierra Leone. Data on demography, FGM status, and self-reported anatomical descriptions were collected. Genital inspection confirmed the occurrence and extent of cutting. Results. All participants reported FGM status; 4 refused genital inspection. Using the WHO classification of FGM, 31.7% had type Ib; 64.1% type IIb; and 4.2% type IIc. There was a high level of agreement between reported and observed FGM prevalence (81.2% and 81.4%, resp.. There was no correlation between DHS FGM responses and anatomic extent of cutting, as 2.7% reported pricking; 87.1% flesh removal; and 1.1% that genitalia was sewn closed. Conclusion. Types I and II are the main forms of FGM, with labia majora alterations in almost 5% of cases. Self-reports on FGM status could serve as a proxy measurement for FGM prevalence but not for FGM type. The DHS FGM questions are inaccurate for determining cutting extent.

  2. Invaginación de intestino delgado en el adulto causada por lipoma submucoso de íleon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Arredondo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 68 años con invaginación intestinal secundaria a un lipoma submucoso de íleon. Se trata de una entidad rara en adultos y que suele ser debida a una lesión orgánica. La manifestación clínica se caracteriza por vómitos, dolor abdominal y melenas. Se presenta el caso de un paciente al que tras la realización de una colonoscopia y un TAC abdominal, se realizó una resección ampliada de ciego e íleon terminal. En la actualidad la precisión del diagnóstico etiológico de las invaginaciones ha aumentado gracias al desarrollo de las pruebas de imagen, como el TAC. Se recomienda un tratamiento quirúrgico precoz, sin desinvaginación intraoperatoria dado el elevado riesgo de presentar una lesión maligna o isquémica en el adulto.

  3. Iodine Status of Women of Reproductive Age in Sierra Leone and Its Association with Household Coverage with Adequately Iodized Salt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabian Rohner

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Salt iodization programs are a public health success in tackling iodine deficiency. Yet, a large proportion of the world’s population remains at risk for iodine deficiency. In a nationally representative cross-sectional survey in Sierra Leone, household salt samples and women’s urine samples were quantitatively analyzed for iodine content. Salt was collected from 1123 households, and urine samples from 817 non-pregnant and 154 pregnant women. Household coverage with adequately iodized salt (≥15 mg/kg iodine was 80.7%. The median urinary iodine concentration (UIC of pregnant women was 175.8 µg/L and of non-pregnant women 190.8 µg/L. Women living in households with adequately iodized salt had higher median UIC (for pregnant women: 180.6 µg/L vs. 100.8 µg/L, respectively, p < 0.05; and for non-pregnant women: 211.3 µg/L vs. 97.8 µg/L, p < 0.001. Differences in UIC by residence, region, household wealth, and women’s education were much smaller in women living in households with adequately iodized salt than in households without. Despite the high household coverage of iodized salt in Sierra Leone, it is important to reach the 20% of households not consuming adequately iodized salt. Salt iodization has the potential for increasing equity in iodine status even with the persistence of other risk factors for deficiency.

  4. Comparative Analysis of LEON 3 and NIOS II Processor Development Environment: Case Study Rijindael’s Encryption Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meghana Hasamnis

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Embedded system design is becoming complex day by day, combined with reduced time-to-market deadlines. Due to the constraints and complexity in the design of embedded systems, it incorporates hardware / software co-design methodology. An embedded system is a combination of hardware and software parts integrated together on a common platform. A soft-core processor which is a hardware description language (HDL model of a specific processor (CPU can be customized for any application and can be synthesized for FPGA target. This paper gives a comparative analysis of the development environment for embedded systems using LEON 3 and NIOS II Processor, both soft core processors. LEON3 is an open source processor and NIOS II is a commercial processor. Case study under consideration is Rijindael’s Encryption Algorithm (AES. It is a standard encryption algorithm used to encrypt huge bulk of data and for security. Using the co-design methodology the algorithm is implemented on two different platforms. One using the open source and other using the commercial processor and the comparative results of the two different platforms is stated in terms of its performance parameters. The algorithm is partitioned in hardware and software parts and integrated on a common platform.

  5. Simulation of streamflow and water quality in the Leon Creek watershed, Bexar County, Texas, 1997-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ockerman, Darwin J.; Roussel, Meghan C.

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the San Antonio River Authority, configured, calibrated, and tested a Hydrological Simulation Program ? FORTRAN watershed model for the approximately 238-square-mile Leon Creek watershed in Bexar County, Texas, and used the model to simulate streamflow and water quality (focusing on loads and yields of selected constituents). Streamflow in the model was calibrated and tested with available data from five U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations for 1997-2004. Simulated streamflow volumes closely matched measured streamflow volumes at all streamflow-gaging stations. Total simulated streamflow volumes were within 10 percent of measured values. Streamflow volumes are greatly influenced by large storms. Two months that included major floods accounted for about 50 percent of all the streamflow measured at the most downstream gaging station during 1997-2004. Water-quality properties and constituents (water temperature, dissolved oxygen, suspended sediment, dissolved ammonia nitrogen, dissolved nitrate nitrogen, and dissolved and total lead and zinc) in the model were calibrated using available data from 13 sites in and near the Leon Creek watershed for varying periods of record during 1992-2005. Average simulated daily mean water temperature and dissolved oxygen at the most downstream gaging station during 1997-2000 were within 1 percent of average measured daily mean water temperature and dissolved oxygen. Simulated suspended-sediment load at the most downstream gaging station during 2001-04 (excluding July 2002 because of major storms) was 77,700 tons compared with 74,600 tons estimated from a streamflow-load regression relation (coefficient of determination = .869). Simulated concentrations of dissolved ammonia nitrogen and dissolved nitrate nitrogen closely matched measured concentrations after calibration. At the most downstream gaging station, average simulated monthly

  6. UN NUEVO CONSTRUCTO EN LA ENSEÑANZA DEL URBANISMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Palacios Barra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo, postula una nueva visión y forma de enseñar Urbanismo en la Academia a nivel de pre y post grado, considerando la realidad y contemporaneidad que experimenta la disciplina, desde una perspectiva mucho más amplia y abierta y direccionada hacia una intervención crítica en escenarios crecientemente complejos y diversos. A lo anterior, se complementa una visión de escalas surgida a partir de la formulación de un nuevo constructo que parece imprescindible para una adecuada renovación en la enseñanza del Urbanismo y que se ejemplifica, en el caso de la Facultad de Arquitectura de la Universidad del BioBio, a la que pertenece el autor.

  7. Pueblo mapuche. Estrategias discursivo-comunicativas para un nuevo orden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Betancour Sánchez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo sostiene que ante la episteme impuesta por Occidente a los pueblos originarios de América, el pueblo mapuche en Chile ha generado una estrategia contra-hegemónica de empoderamiento que instala y visibiliza un sistema de comunicación intercultural propio, lugar donde surgen heterogéneos discursos sobre un nuevo orden en las relaciones de contacto cultural, evidenciado en mecanismos y recursos discursivos transversales. Estos elementos forman parte de las estrategias de resistencia orientadas al “desprendimiento epistémico” (Mignolo, 2010 de la “matriz colonial de poder” (Quijano citado en Mignolo, 2010 , problemática que se estudia tanto en discursos artísticos como mediáticos que circulan en la esfera pública. Descriptores: Comunicación, Mapuches, oratoria, comunicación intercultural, descolonización.

  8. Testamento y vida familiar en el Nuevo Reino de Granada

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    Pablo Rodríguez

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available En el marco de una investigación que desde hace algunos años realizo sobre la vida de las familias urbanas en el Nuevo Reino de Granada, he venido descubriendo el inmenso potencial que los testamentos de hombres y mujeres ofrecen para el conocimiento de sus actitudes ante la vida y la muerte, pára entrever sus sentimientos y para captar el universo doméstico de la gente del pasado. Considerando el interés surgido entre estudiantes, académicos e intelectuales por el estudio de la vida cotidiana y la vida privada, he encontrado oportuno hacer algunos comentarios sobre las características de este peculiar documento y sus bondades para el análisis histórico.

  9. El nuevo tribunal de justicia de Mannheim - Alemania Federal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Striffler, H.

    1971-12-01

    Full Text Available This building is sited right in the civic centre of the town, and use is made of new materials and all resources provided by modern technology, but a suitable harmony is sought with the surrounding buildings and with the purpose of construction itself. The result is successful in respect to its formal aspect and to the functionality of its great hall, the offices and the five large courts of law.Este edificio ha sido levantado en pleno centro cívico de la ciudad, utilizando materiales nuevos y todos los recursos que proporciona la técnica actual, pero procurando una digna armonía con los edificios circundantes y la adecuada representatividad que corresponde al destino previsto. El resultado ha sido un acierto en cuanto a su aspecto formal y en cuanto al perfecto funcionamiento de su gran vestíbulo, de las oficinas y de las cinco grandes salas de los Juzgados.

  10. Nuevos complejos monociclopentadienile de tantalo con ligandos oxigenodadores.

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    La reacción de [TaCp*Me4] con HOSiPh3 da lugar a la formación de un nuevo complejo alquil-silóxido de tántalo, [TaCp*Me3(OSiPh3)] (1), caracterizado por espectroscopia de RMN como una especie mononuclear adoptando una geometría de pseudopirámide de base cuadrada. 2. El estudio de la reactividad de [TaCp*Me3(OSiPh3)] (1) con isocianuros orgánicos RCN (R=2,6-Me2C6H3, tBu) y CO en el enlace Ta-Me del derivado nos permite concluir: - El complejo 1 reacciona en proporción molar 1:1 con RCN origina...

  11. Los nuevos canales audiovisuales basados en web: rtve.es

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    José Borja Arjona Martín

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La optimización tecnológica de las redes de Internet ha sentado las bases para la explosión en la transmisión de contenidos audiovisuales por web. En los últimos tres años la red ha experimentado una evolución natural hacia un entorno a modo de célula de comunicación audiovisual. Las cadenas de televisión han iniciado importantes estrategias de desarrollo en el ámbito de Internet. Bajo este contexto, se analiza, desde un punto de vista morfológico y de contenidos, el nuevo portal de RTVE inaugurado en mayo de 2008

  12. Internet y redes sociales: un nuevo contexto para el delito

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    M. José Pifarré

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Internet y, de manera muy especial, las redes sociales conforman un nuevo contexto social caracterizado, entre otras cosas, porque el alcance temporal y espacial de las comunicaciones a través de ellos crea proximidades «virtuales» antaño imposibles que han cambiado el modo en que nos relacionamos en sociedad. En este contexto, con sus particularidades y especificidades, han surgido conductas hasta ahora inéditas y ha tenido lugar una importante mutación de las convenciones sociales. La rapidez con que los comportamientos sociales cambian a causa de Internet, o con que nacen nuevas realidades en su seno, tiene pocos precedentes.

  13. Diseñando y construyendo nuevo equipo

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Ortíz, René Mauricio

    2012-01-01

    En la Revista Tecnológica de ITCA – FEPADE del año 2010, se publicó el artículo titulado “Automatización en la industria salvadoreña: un paso en el nuevo milenio”. En este artículo se describió la etapa número uno, Investigación de Campo, del proyecto denominado “Sistema de entrenamiento en automatización electroneumática para aplicación en la industria y la academia salvadoreña”, el cual constaba de cuatro etapas. Cada una de las etapas tenía sus propios objetivos específicos ...

  14. Los gestores culturales: nuevos profesionales en el sector cultural

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    Rubens Bayardo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Dentro del vasto campo del sector cultural, este trabajo enfoca la gestión cultural, entendida como una mediación entre los agentes y los demás elementos de los procesos productivos culturales, donde se elaboran los significados fundamentales de la vida humana. Nos interesan en particular los problemas planteados por la formación y la profesionalización de gestores culturales, lo que involucra distintas disciplinas y especialidades, distintos niveles y formatos, y distintos saberes teóricos, prácticos y técnicos. A la vez nos interesamos por los desafíos implicados en el actual contexto de mundialización, que al incrementar las alternativas posibles, demanda nuevos conocimientos y habilidades para una toma de decisiones que implica dimensiones económicas y políticas de peso.

  15. Nuevos usos del cemento Barcos de hormigón

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    Páez Balaca, Alfredo

    1977-09-01

    Full Text Available La reciente crisis del petróleo, una crisis que parece lejos de terminarse, ha impulsado la búsqueda, bien sea de nuevas fuentes de energía o bien de nuevos yacimientos. Con la excepción de algunos países que gozan de unas reservas privilegiadas, los demás han ido ampliando el campo dé sus exploraciones a la plataforma costera, adentrándose cada vez más en el océano con la esperanza de encontrar en el subsuelo de las profundidades marinas el ansiado estrato petrolífero o al menos los característicos bolsones de gas que con frecuencia le acompañan.

  16. El divorcio en Nuevo León: tendencias actuales

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    Manuel RIBEIRO-FERREIRA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan algunos datos sociodemográficos relacionados con el divorcio en el Estado de Nuevo León, México. Los datos provienen tanto de fuentes del Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía como de los resultados de dos investigaciones conducidas por el autor en el año 2010. El documento presenta, por un lado, las tendencias de las tasas de divorcialidad durante las últimas seis décadas y la evolución de la relación de divorcios por cada 100 matrimonios durante los últimos diez años y por otro lado algunos de los principales factores —tanto estructurales como interpersonales— asociados con el fenómeno, así como los motivos que aluden los actores sociales en relación con la decisión de haberse divorciado.

  17. El colapso del Puente Samaná: un nuevo enfoque

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    Gustavo Cifuentes Cifuentes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available E13 de octubre de 1993, colapsó la superestructura del puente sobre el río Samaná en la carretera Bogotá - Medellín, en Colombia. La Facultad de Minas de la Universidad Nacional, en Medellín, llevó a cabo un estudio que señala como causa probable del colapso, la falla de la unión de la armadura inferior con un pendolón. Un nuevo estudio analítico realizado en 1996, por la Facultad de Ingeniería de la Universidad Nacional, en Bogotá, indica que el puente tenía problemas de estabilidad general, los cuales se presentan en este artículo, y se indican como posible causa del colapso. Así mismo se muestran algunas soluciones dadas al problema para un puente gemelo.

  18. Maintaining effective mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis through in-process monitoring in Sierra Leone

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    Hodges Mary H

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Since 2007 Sierra Leone has conducted mass drug administration (MDA for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF implemented by unpaid community health volunteers (CHVs. Other health campaigns such as Mother and Child Health Weeks (MCHW pay for services to be implemented at community level and these persons are then known as community health workers (CHWs. In 2010, the LF MDA in the 12 districts of the Southern, Northern and Eastern Provinces un-expectantly coincided with universal distribution of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLITNs during the MCHW. In-process monitoring of LF MDA was performed to ensure effective coverage was attained in hard to reach sites (HTR in both urban and rural locations where vulnerable populations reside. Methods Independent monitors interviewed individuals eligible for LF MDA and tallied those who recalled having taken ivermectin and albendazole, calculated program coverage and reported results daily by phone. Monitoring of coverage in HTR sites in the 4 most rapidly urbanizing towns was performed after 4 weeks of LF MDA and again after 8 weeks throughout all 12 districts. End process monitoring was performed in randomly selected HTR sites not previously sampled throughout all 12 districts and compared to coverage calculated from the pre-MDA census and reported treatments. Results Only one town had reached effective program coverage (≥80% after 4 weeks following which CHWs were recruited for LF MDA in all district headquarter towns. After 8 weeks only 4 of 12 districts had reached effective coverage so LF MDA was extended for a further month in all districts. By 12 weeks effective program coverage had been reached in all districts except Port Loko and there was no significant difference between those interviewed in communities versus households or by sex. Effective epidemiological coverage (≥65% was reported in all districts and overall was significantly higher in males versus

  19. Delays in childhood immunization in a conflict area: a study from Sierra Leone during civil war

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    Gage George N

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sierra Leone has undergone a decade of civil war from 1991 to 2001. From this period few data on immunization coverage are available, and conflict-related delays in immunization according to the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI schedule have not been investigated. We aimed to study delays in childhood immunization in the context of civil war in a Sierra Leonean community. Methods We conducted an immunization survey in Kissy Mess-Mess in the Greater Freetown area in 1998/99 using a two-stage sampling method. Based on immunization cards and verbal history we collected data on immunization for tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and measles by age group (0–8/9–11/12–23/24–35 months. We studied differences between age groups and explored temporal associations with war-related hostilities taking place in the community. Results We included 286 children who received 1690 vaccine doses; card retention was 87%. In 243 children (85%, 95% confidence interval (CI: 80–89% immunization was up-to-date. In 161 of these children (56%, 95%CI: 50–62% full age-appropriate immunization was achieved; in 82 (29%, 95%CI: 24–34% immunization was not appropriate for age. In the remaining 43 children immunization was partial in 37 (13%, 95%CI: 9–17 and absent in 6 (2%, 95%CI: 1–5. Immunization status varied across age groups. In children aged 9–11 months the proportion with age-inappropriate (delayed immunization was higher than in other age groups suggesting an association with war-related hostilities in the community. Conclusion Only about half of children under three years received full age-appropriate immunization. In children born during a period of increased hostilities, immunization was mostly inappropriate for age, but recommended immunizations were not completely abandoned. Missing or delayed immunization represents an additional threat to the health of children living in conflict areas.

  20. Clinical presentations and outcomes of patients with Ebola virus disease in Freetown, Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Ying-Jie; Duan, Xue-Zhang; Gao, Xu-Dong; Li, Lei; Li, Chen; Ji, Dong; Li, Wen-Gang; Wang, Li-Fu; Meng, Yu-Hua; Yang, Xiao; Ling, Bin-Fang; Song, Xue-Ai; Gu, Mei-Lei; Jiang, Tao; Koroma, She-Ku M; Bangalie, James; Duan, Hui-Juan

    2016-11-03

    Clinical and laboratory data were collected and analysed from patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Jui Government Hospital in Freetown, Sierra Leone, where patients with EVD were received and/or treated from October 1, 2014 to March 21, 2015 during the West Africa EVD outbreak. The study admitted 285 patients with confirmed EVD and followed them up till the endpoint (recovery or death). EVD was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR assays detecting blood Ebola virus (EBOV). Among the 285 lab-confirmed EVD cases in Jui Government Hospital, 146 recovered and 139 died, with an overall survival rate of 51.23 %. Patients under the age of 6 years had a lower survival rate (37.50 %). Most non-survivors (79.86 %) died within 7 days after admission and the mean hospitalization time for non-survivors was 5.56 ± 6.11 days. More than half survivors (63.69 %) turned blood EBOV negative within 3 weeks after admission and the mean hospitalization time for survivors was 20.38 ± 7.58 days. High blood viral load (≥10(6) copies/ml) was found to be predictive of the non-survival outcome as indicated by the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The probability of patients' survival was less than 15 % when blood viral load was greater than 10(6) copies/ml. Multivariate analyses showed that blood viral load (P = 0.005), confusion (P = 0.010), abdominal pain (P = 0.003), conjunctivitis (P = 0.035), and vomiting (P = 0.004) were factors independently associated with the outcomes of EVD patients. Most death occurred within 1 week after admission, and patients at the age of 6 or younger had a lower survival rate. Most surviving patients turned blood EBOV negative within 1-4 weeks after admission. Factors such as high blood viral load, confusion, abdominal pain, vomiting and conjunctivitis were associated with poor prognosis for EVD patients.