WorldWideScience

Sample records for monteporzio catone roma

  1. Roma as the Others

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doubek, David; Levínská, Marketa; Bittnerová, Dana

    2015-01-01

    While it is common to speak about "Roma culture" as a single entity, the questions posed by Roma culture are more complex. We are speaking about the general issues pertaining to various manifestations of this culture in the context of the Czech Republic. It must be stressed that under "Roma," we understand a family resemblance…

  2. Roma as the Others

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doubek, David; Levínská, Marketa; Bittnerová, Dana

    2015-01-01

    While it is common to speak about "Roma culture" as a single entity, the questions posed by Roma culture are more complex. We are speaking about the general issues pertaining to various manifestations of this culture in the context of the Czech Republic. It must be stressed that under "Roma," we understand a family resemblance…

  3. School Adaptation of Roma Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerganov, Encho; Varbanova, Silvia; Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the degree of school adaptation among Roma children who were included in a program for the desegregation of Roma schools in Bulgaria. More specifically, the program requires Roma children to attend mixed classes with Bulgarian students and Roma teacher assistants to work with them. The Bulgarian version of the Questionnaire on…

  4. [Roma populations and health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Y; Tabin, J P; Hourton, G; Bodenmann, P

    2015-03-25

    The health status of the so-called "Roma" is usually much poorer than that of neighbouring non-Roma populations with a life expectancy gap of 5-15 years. This results from prolonged exposure to adverse determinants of health and to persistent exclusion from social and political arenas. Scientific and social research has only poorly addressed the health issues of Roma and evidences are scarce. Insufficient access to public services, including to health care and non optimal clinical practices are modifiable factors. If correctly addressed, this could contribute to reduce health disparities, including in Switzerland.

  5. EDUCATION AND ROMA POPULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Asensio Belenguer

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with Education and the Roma Population. It presents an approach to schooling of Romani children since its outset in the city of Zaragoza (Spain. It analyzes the current status as presented by the Strategy for Social Inclusion of this people 2012-2020, and collects, from various sources, the fact that education remains a pending challenge for Roma Population. Measures to be taken by the educational community from a gender and inclusive perspective are proposed.

  6. The Roma Education Fund: A New Tool for Roma Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marc, Alexandre; Bercus, Costel

    2007-01-01

    In January 2005, the Roma Education Fund (REF) came into existence as a Swiss foundation with the goal of increasing the inclusion of Roma children in mainstream classes in Central and Eastern Europe. The fund gives priority to countries that make a political commitment to design and finance actions to improve Roma living conditions, by taking…

  7. The Roma Education Fund: A New Tool for Roma Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marc, Alexandre; Bercus, Costel

    2007-01-01

    In January 2005, the Roma Education Fund (REF) came into existence as a Swiss foundation with the goal of increasing the inclusion of Roma children in mainstream classes in Central and Eastern Europe. The fund gives priority to countries that make a political commitment to design and finance actions to improve Roma living conditions, by taking…

  8. End-stage renal disease among Roma and non-Roma: Roma are at risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolvek, Gabriel; Rosicova, Katarina; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Podracka, Ludmila; Stewart, Roy E; Nagyova, Iveta; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; van Dijk, Jitse P

    2012-08-01

    Ethnic differences in the occurrence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are reported on various populations across the world, but evidence on Roma is lacking. The aim of this study was to explore the relative risk (RR) of ESRD for Roma who constitute a major minority in Slovakia. Patients treated by means of hemodialysis during 2005-2008 were questioned for their ethnicity. Rates of ESRD among Roma and non-Roma based on hemodialysis data were calculated as well as the RR of Roma for ESRD. The latter was repeated after standardization for differences in age of both populations. Roma represented 11.6 % of all hemodialyzed patients. The RR of ESRD for Roma was 1.34, compared to the majority population. After age standardization, the RR for Roma was 2.85. This study shows that the risk for ESRD is significantly higher for Roma than for non-Roma. A genetic propensity of Roma to renal failure may partially explain the higher risk. Moreover, a poorer control of risk factors for ESRD in Slovak Roma contributes to the increased risk.

  9. Hegemony in the Roma family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mrhálek, Tomáš; Lidová, Lenka; Kajanová, Alena

    2015-01-01

    This article is intended to describe the current hegemonic masculinity within the Roma family structure in the Czech Republic, with regard to changes related to developments in the majority society and the current socioeconomic situation of the Roma. The theoretical context of this article is based on the paradigm of masculine hegemony as it exists and has existed in the Roma families. Data for the study came from semi-structured interviews with 30 Roma females and 30 Roma males living as couples, in three Czech cities. The main finding reveals a dichotomy between the traditional roles of Roma women, i.e. care for the family and the household, and the present functions, i.e. contributing to the family income through social benefits. We observed a decline in the traditional role of Roma men, who were often unemployed. We related the change in the roles of men to the "non-functionality of the men", contributing to the emerging potential for emancipation of Roma women. However, the traditional patriarchal Roma family is structured such that men are given the main decision making powers, which has slowed changes in marginalized Roma families. Additionally, social pressures against women as well as socially conditioned pressures that act to preserve hegemonic masculinity, have largely prevented the realization of the potential for emancipation of Roma women, or if a woman tries to leave her non-functioning husband.

  10. Cripta Ardeatina, en Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprile, Nello

    1959-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre las obras realizadas en Italia después de la guerra, corresponde a la ordenación de la Cripta Ardeatina, en Roma, el primer lugar entre la arquitectura monumental. Creemos poder afirmar que esta obra quedará en la historia del movimiento italiano moderno como una conquista cierta, que ninguna moda podrá alterar.

  11. Kidney diseases in Roma and non-Roma children from eastern Slovakia: are Roma children more at risk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolvek, Gabriel; Podracka, Ludmila; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Stewart, Roy E; van Dijk, Jitse P; Reijneveld, Sijmen A

    2014-12-01

    To compare the occurence of primary renal diseases (PRD) in Roma and non-Roma children. Data on all outpatients (n = 921) from a tertiary pediatric nephrology centre (Roma and non-Roma children. The proportion of Roma among patients was relatively small regarding early signs like proteinuria but large regarding PRD with gross clinically apparent symptoms (e.g. Alport syndrome, p Roma children in outpatients with kidney problems is smaller than the estimated proportion of Roma in all children in Slovakia, in particular for early signs, but not for major renal diseases.

  12. ROMA — EDRN Public Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) algorithm was approved by the FDA in 2011. Research demonstrates that examining levels of HE4 and CA125 using the ROMA algorithm shows the highest accuracy in determining ovarian cancer risk in pre- and post-menopausal women who have an ovarian mass present.

  13. Evaluating a Project on Roma Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiadis, Fokion; Nikolajevic, Dragana; van Driel, Barry

    2011-01-01

    This research note is based on the evaluation of the Comenius project Teacher-IN-SErvice-Training-for-Roma-inclusion ("INSETRom"). The project represented an international effort that was undertaken to bridge the gap between Roma and non-Roma communities and to improve the educational attainment of Roma children in the mainstream…

  14. Evaluating a Project on Roma Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiadis, Fokion; Nikolajevic, Dragana; van Driel, Barry

    2011-01-01

    This research note is based on the evaluation of the Comenius project Teacher-IN-SErvice-Training-for-Roma-inclusion ("INSETRom"). The project represented an international effort that was undertaken to bridge the gap between Roma and non-Roma communities and to improve the educational attainment of Roma children in the mainstream…

  15. End-stage renal disease among Roma and non-Roma : Roma are at risk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolvek, Gabriel; Rosicova, Katarina; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Podracka, Ludmila; Stewart, Roy E.; Nagyova, Iveta; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    Ethnic differences in the occurrence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are reported on various populations across the world, but evidence on Roma is lacking. The aim of this study was to explore the relative risk (RR) of ESRD for Roma who constitute a major minority in Slovakia. Patients treated by

  16. End-stage renal disease among Roma and non-Roma : Roma are at risk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolvek, Gabriel; Rosicova, Katarina; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Podracka, Ludmila; Stewart, Roy E.; Nagyova, Iveta; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2012-01-01

    Ethnic differences in the occurrence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are reported on various populations across the world, but evidence on Roma is lacking. The aim of this study was to explore the relative risk (RR) of ESRD for Roma who constitute a major minority in Slovakia. Patients treated by

  17. Being Roma--Being Greek: Academically Successful Greek Romas' Identity Constructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gkofa, Panagiota

    2017-01-01

    In Greece, Roma ethnic-cultural identity is frequently situated in a social narrative which "others" this community. As a consequence, Roma pupils' low achievement is frequently understood on the basis of a deficit view of Roma culture because schooling and Roma traditions are widely seen as incompatible. This article theorises aspects…

  18. Kidney diseases in Roma and non-Roma children from eastern Slovakia : are Roma children more at risk?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolvek, Gabriel; Podracka, Ludmila; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Stewart, Roy E.; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare the occurence of primary renal diseases (PRD) in Roma and non-Roma children. METHODS: Data on all outpatients (n = 921) from a tertiary pediatric nephrology centre (<19 years) in eastern Slovakia were collected. We assessed early signs and symptoms and PRD for Roma and

  19. Kidney diseases in Roma and non-Roma children from eastern Slovakia : are Roma children more at risk?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolvek, Gabriel; Podracka, Ludmila; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Stewart, Roy E.; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare the occurence of primary renal diseases (PRD) in Roma and non-Roma children. METHODS: Data on all outpatients (n = 921) from a tertiary pediatric nephrology centre (<19 years) in eastern Slovakia were collected. We assessed early signs and symptoms and PRD for Roma and non-Rom

  20. Mental health disparities between Roma and non-Roma children in Romania and Bulgaria

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Eric J.; Keyes, Katherine; Bitfoi, Adina; Mihova, Zlatka; Pez, Ondine; Yoon, Elisha; Masfety, Viviane Kovess

    2014-01-01

    Background The Roma population, one of the largest minority groups in Europe, experience discrimination and stigma associated with marginalized social position. Few studies have examined mental illnesses in the Roma, and none have examined the Roma children. The present study estimates mental health and behavioral disorders among Roma children in comparison to non-Roma children in educational institutions. Methods Data were drawn from the School Children Mental Health Study in Europe (SCHME) ...

  1. Smoking behaviour and attitudes of Hungarian Roma and non-Roma population towards tobacco control policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulik, Edit; Nagymajtényi, László; Easterling, Douglas; Rogers, Todd

    2011-10-01

    To assess the smoking status and support for tobacco control policies among the Roma minority compared with the non-Roma population in Hungary. A cross-sectional survey was delivered among Roma minority and local non-Roma population; 83 Roma and 126 non-Roma people were interviewed. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were applied to compare Roma and non-Roma populations. The prevalence of smoking was significantly higher and the support for tobacco control measures was significantly lower in the Roma population. This effect of ethnicity on attitudes toward tobacco control was explained somewhat, but not completely, by the Roma group's higher rate of smoking and lower level of education. Tobacco control policies are a proven strategy for denormalizing smoking and discouraging initiation. This strategy has important potential for Roma communities because of their high rates of tobacco use. However, this study shows that the Roma are resistant the efforts to limit smoking. Changing these attitudes will require targeted public health interventions that take into account not only the lower educational levels of the Roma, but also their cultural beliefs regarding tobacco.

  2. Reclaiming Roma Students in Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruber, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    For most, being served in a restaurant, treated nicely at a job interview, smiled at in the street, or being able to work is nothing out of the ordinary. Sadly, it is not the case for many. Especially for those who are poor. Especially for those who have little education. Especially for those who are Roma (or in other words Gypsy) living in…

  3. Reclaiming Roma Students in Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruber, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    For most, being served in a restaurant, treated nicely at a job interview, smiled at in the street, or being able to work is nothing out of the ordinary. Sadly, it is not the case for many. Especially for those who are poor. Especially for those who have little education. Especially for those who are Roma (or in other words Gypsy) living in…

  4. Immigration of Roma from Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Vukelić

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The questions of immigration are topics of high interest for the contemporary migration studies. Particularly relevant for the Western European countries is the immigration of Roma. This study analyzes the case of Roma asylum-seekers from Republic of Serbia to Federal Republic of Germany, which assumed a new dimension following the visa liberation. Focus of this article are the links among the social, economical, transitional and political conditions of Roma asylum-seeking, as well as an analysis of potential networks and knowledge transfer among Roma. In particular is to be understand if there is any transnational networking between Roma in home countries and abroad as well if Roma asylum-seekers have to be seen as perpetrators or rather victims of the political occurrences in the concerning country.

  5. Social support, hopelessness and life satisfaction among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, P.; Geckova, A. Madarasova; Reijneveld, S. A.; van Dijk, J. P.

    2012-01-01

    Evidence on the psychosocial determinants of health among Roma adolescents is completely lacking. Our aim was to compare social support, life satisfaction and hopelessness of Slovak Roma and non-Roma adolescents and to assess the impact of parental education and social desirability on these differen

  6. Anxiety and sense of coherence in Roma and non-Roma coronary heart disease patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Silarova, Barbora; Nagyova, Iveta; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Morbidity and mortality among Roma due to coronary heart disease (CHD) is high, but evidence on potential psychosocial pathways is lacking. This study aimed to assess the differences in the severity of anxiety symptoms and in the sense of coherence (SOC) between Roma and non-Roma CHD

  7. Social support, hopelessness and life satisfaction among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, P.; Geckova, A. Madarasova; Reijneveld, S. A.; van Dijk, J. P.

    2012-01-01

    Evidence on the psychosocial determinants of health among Roma adolescents is completely lacking. Our aim was to compare social support, life satisfaction and hopelessness of Slovak Roma and non-Roma adolescents and to assess the impact of parental education and social desirability on these

  8. Social support, hopelessness and life satisfaction among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia

    OpenAIRE

    Kolarcik, P.; Geckova, A. Madarasova; Reijneveld, S. A.; van Dijk, J.P.

    2012-01-01

    Evidence on the psychosocial determinants of health among Roma adolescents is completely lacking. Our aim was to compare social support, life satisfaction and hopelessness of Slovak Roma and non-Roma adolescents and to assess the impact of parental education and social desirability on these differences. We conducted a cross-sectional study among Roma from settlements in the eastern part of Slovakia (N = 330; mean age = 14.50; interview) and non-Roma adolescents (N = 722; mean age = 14.86; que...

  9. Health and Education in Roma Families. Comparative Study, Romanian Roma Families from Rennes, France vs. Roma from Mironu, Suceava, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucheş Daniel

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The lower level of education for health and school education among vulnerable groups from Romania is an important part of the vicious circle of poverty and social removal, in particular for Roma minority. The quality of education and health related to this minority group is correlated with cultural aspects and the Roma attitude toward those determinants factors.

  10. Roma Pupils' Attitudes Towards Education--A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecek, Mojca; Munda, Milanka

    2015-01-01

    When analysing the reasons behind the academic underachievement of Roma pupils, some teachers suggest that Roma people do not value education and that Roma children have negative attitudes towards school. With increasing frequency, Roma pupils from low socio-economic backgrounds are being researched and the research primarily adopts the…

  11. Roma Girls: Between Traditional Values and Educational Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2011-01-01

    The paper presents findings from a survey of 720 respondents: 240 Roma parents, 240 Roma boys and 240 Roma girls between 12 and 25 years of age. The subjects were from various regions of Bulgaria and were members of different ethnic groups. The main goal of the survey was to study the current attitudes that Roma communities hold regarding an…

  12. The Roma Students' Perception of the Importance of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapat, Goran; Slezak, Hrvoje

    2011-01-01

    The paper considers the effects of Roma education in Medjimurje County. Although the positive effects are present in many different aspects related to education of Roma, among the most important is the change in Roma attitude toward their own education. The comprehension of importance of Roma children's education and intention to base their future…

  13. Roma Girls: Between Traditional Values and Educational Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2011-01-01

    The paper presents findings from a survey of 720 respondents: 240 Roma parents, 240 Roma boys and 240 Roma girls between 12 and 25 years of age. The subjects were from various regions of Bulgaria and were members of different ethnic groups. The main goal of the survey was to study the current attitudes that Roma communities hold regarding an…

  14. Roma Pupils' Attitudes Towards Education--A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecek, Mojca; Munda, Milanka

    2015-01-01

    When analysing the reasons behind the academic underachievement of Roma pupils, some teachers suggest that Roma people do not value education and that Roma children have negative attitudes towards school. With increasing frequency, Roma pupils from low socio-economic backgrounds are being researched and the research primarily adopts the…

  15. Body mass index in Serbian Roma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Andrew; Cvorović, Jelena; Strkalj, Goran

    2009-01-01

    Stature and body mass were measured in 346 individuals belonging to three Roma groups from metropolitan Belgrade western Serbia. As with the majority of Serbian Roma, the participants in this study have been historically disadvantaged and their situation was further aggravated during the recent political crises. Surprisingly, the body mass index (BMI) of Serbian Roma is relatively high compared with western Europeans and is inconsistent with the view that Serbian Roma are predisposed to high rates of chronic energy deficiency ( approximately 4%). While the majority of individual Roma display BMI values within the normal range (WHO, 1995), certain groups have a moderate to high proportion of individuals ( approximately 35%) who could be classified as overweight and some who approach at-risk levels for clinical obesity.

  16. Representation and Visibility. Roma in the Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Ratajczak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is divided into three main parts. The first is an overview of the situation of the Roma minorities in Slovenia and Poland. The second part of the article presents minority broadcast media and the main elements of the legal and institutional framework they operate in. Finally, this article focuses on the visibility of Roma in the media. This article draws attention to cultural pluralism and how cultural pluralism is implemented by the public service broadcasters in Poland and Slovenia, particularly in the context of the presence of Roma minorities in the media. The research is based on 15 interviews carried out in Slovenia and Poland between 2006-2009 with journalists, editors, researchers, workers of NGOs, government representatives and Roma minority leaders. This study is also based on policy documents, reports of governments, NGOs and international organisations, academic literature and content analysis of Roma minority media.

  17. Seven years' mortality in Roma and non-Roma patients after coronary angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudzinova, Adriana; Nagyova, Iveta; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Studencan, Martin; Vargova, Helena; Middel, Berrie; van Dijk, Jitse P; Reijneveld, Sijmen A

    2015-10-01

    Ethnicity is associated with differences in clinical course and outcomes of cardiac disease, often in association with a poorer socioeconomic position. The aim of this study was to compare the mortality after coronary angiography (CAG) of Roma and non-Roma patients matched for education and adjusted for gender and age. In total, 816 patients were included in the study (167 Roma and 649 non-Roma). Data on socio-demographic background, disease history, use of drugs, coronary findings and type of treatment were obtained from medical records. Mortality was assessed up to seven years after CAG. Kaplan-Meier curves of mortality were plotted, and differences between the Roma and non-Roma patients were assessed using log-rank tests, matched for education and adjusted for gender and age. Mortality after CAG was significantly higher among Roma than non-Roma (log-rank test χ(2) = 7.59, P Roma, and this is not due to differences in age, gender or education. These results warrant further reconsideration of the management of Roma cardiac patients. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.

  18. Comparison of weight and length at birth of non-Roma and Roma newborn in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanković, Sandra; Živić, Saša; Ignjatović, Aleksandra; Stojanović, Mariola; Bogdanović, Dragan; Novak, Sonja; Vučić, Jelena; Stanković, Miodrag; Šaranac, Ljiljana; Vesna, Cvetković; Miljković, Predrag; Vorgučin, Ivana

    2016-01-01

    Roma infants tend to be smaller and are diagnosed as SGA more often than non-Roma infants, suggesting that specific anthropometric norms for these infants may be useful. We aimed to construct population-based centile, gender-specific charts for birth weight and length for singleton Roma infants born from 35 to 42 weeks of gestation and to compare it with anthropometric data of non-Roma infants. We analyzed data on 27,602 non-Roma (53 % males) and 2235 Roma (51 % males) singleton live infants delivered from 2006 to 2012 in South East Serbia. The LMS method was used to estimate the birth weight and length centiles. Roma infants were up to 12 % lighter and up to 4 % shorter than non-Roma infants. Estimated centile charts for Roma males and females were constructed showing the 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th and 97th centiles. We created the separate centile charts for Roma ethnic group. The sample size was sufficient to demonstrate differences in mean birth weights and lengths of at term infants born during the study period.

  19. Le iscrizioni cristiane di Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Battelli, Giulio

    1989-01-01

    Análisis de las inscripciones cristianas de Roma dividido en tres apartados: 1.-Estado de la cuestión de los estudios sobre el tema, aportando los principales elencos y obras que tratan dichas inscripciones, minuciosamente comentados. 2.- Estudio de las inscripciones detallando sus características externas (tipos de monumentos, materiales usados, técnica de ejecución, tipo de letra) y las internas (fórmulas,símbolos).También se analiza el contenido indicando los nombres de aparición más...

  20. Social support, hopelessness and life satisfaction among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolarcik, P; Geckova, A Madarasova; Reijneveld, S A; van Dijk, J P

    2012-12-01

    Evidence on the psychosocial determinants of health among Roma adolescents is completely lacking. Our aim was to compare social support, life satisfaction and hopelessness of Slovak Roma and non-Roma adolescents and to assess the impact of parental education and social desirability on these differences. We conducted a cross-sectional study among Roma from settlements in the eastern part of Slovakia (N = 330; mean age = 14.50; interview) and non-Roma adolescents (N = 722; mean age = 14.86; questionnaire). The effect of ethnicity on social support, life satisfaction and hopelessness was analysed using linear regression, adjusted for gender, parental education and social desirability. Roma adolescents reported higher social support from parents, higher life satisfaction and higher hopelessness rates. Parental education explained part of the ethnic differences, as did social desirability. After adjustment for the aforementioned factors, differences by ethnicity remained statistically significant. Roma adolescents experience higher levels of social support, life satisfaction and hopelessness than non-Roma adolescents. Reduction of hopelessness feelings while maintaining levels of social support and life satisfaction among Roma adolescents should be a topic for both intervention and further research.

  1. Differences in the use of contraception between Roma and non-Roma women in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolic, Zeljka; Djikanovic, Bosiljka

    2015-12-01

    Unwanted pregnancies are still common in Central and Eastern European countries, including Serbia. Little is known about the use of contraception in different ethnic groups. This research was undertaken to investigate the use of contraception between Roma and non-Roma women in Serbia and factors associated with it. Data from the 2010 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS4) conducted in Serbia were used. This research included 1082 Roma and 2145 non-Roma women aged 15-49. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze socio-demographic factors associated with the use of contraception in both population groups. Roma women use any type of contraception more often than non-Roma women. However, Roma women rely more on traditional and unsafe methods such as withdrawal and lactational amenorrhea method, but significantly less on modern methods such as pill, condom and intrauterine device. Place of living (region) is also associated with contraceptive usage. Inequalities in the use of contraception between Roma and non-Roma women exist. Promoting modern methods of contraception and education about the importance of the use of contraception should be in the focus of national health policies and strategies related to reproductive health to reduce these inequalities. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. Roma and non-Roma conflicts in the light of power relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gábor Héra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article summarises the findings of the first phase of an action research study focusing on how restorative justice approaches and practices can support conflict resolution within an intercultural context. The author will describe the relationship between the Roma and non-Roma residents in a Hungarian village. Consideration will be given to the “ordering groups” of the local community and will discuss some of their conflicts. It will be argued that these ordering groups may influence inter-ethnic relationships and impact how Roma and non-Roma members of the community may live harmoniously together.

  3. The medical social centres in support of Roma in Greece

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andrioti, Despena; Kotrotsou, Christina; Tsakatara, Vanta

    2013-01-01

    Roma people form the largest ethnic-minority group in Europe. They account for around 10 to 12 million people, and they face racism, discrimination and social exclusion in most countries. The Roma population of Greece currently numbers around 250 000 individuals. They have Greek nationality...... Strategic Framework for Roma 2012-2020 (http://ec.europa.eu/justice/ discrimination/roma/national- strategies/index-en. htm) builds on this initiative to provide comprehensive, cost-effective housing, employment, education and health services to Greek and undocumented Roma. Furthermore, Roma should...

  4. Palacio de deportes, en Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nervi, Pier Luigi

    1960-04-01

    Full Text Available El nuevo Palacio de Deportes de Roma ha sido construido en los terrenos del EUR, con capacidad para 18.000 personas, siendo la característica principal del proyecto su regularidad. Su planta circular está provista de 12 escalinatas de acceso, de las cuales unas están destinadas al público de las gradas altas y otras al de las gradas bajas. En la sección transversal puede apreciarse cómo en correspondencia con cada uno de estos graderíos se desarrolla una galería de circunvalación que puede servir como lugar de exposiciones o vestíbulos de entreactos.

  5. Anxiety and sense of coherence in Roma and non-Roma coronary heart disease patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silarova, Barbora; Nagyova, Iveta; Van Dijk, Jitse P; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Reijneveld, Sijmen A

    2014-01-01

    Morbidity and mortality among Roma due to coronary heart disease (CHD) is high, but evidence on potential psychosocial pathways is lacking. This study aimed to assess the differences in the severity of anxiety symptoms and in the sense of coherence (SOC) between Roma and non-Roma CHD patients, crude and adjusted for age, sex, functional status and socio-economic status (SES). We examined 607 CHD patients (mean age 58.0 ± 7.4, 28.7% female) scheduled for coronary angiography, 98 (16.1%) of whom were Roma. Anxiety symptoms were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and SOC using the 13-item Orientation to Life Questionnaire. Data were analysed using hierarchical regression. Roma ethnicity was associated with more severe anxiety (B = 1.89; [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.79; 2.98]) adjusted for age, sex, functional status and SES. Roma ethnicity was also associated with lower SOC (B = -4.77; [95% CI = -7.85; -1.68]) adjusted for age, sex and functional status. The latter association lost statistical significance after adjustment for SES. Roma ethnicity is associated with more anxiety symptoms and lower SOC among CHD patients. Our findings indicate that Roma CHD patients have a worse position regarding psychosocial factors that increase mortality and thus require additional attention.

  6. Seven years' mortality in Roma and non-Roma patients after coronary angiography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sudzinova, Adriana; Nagyova, Iveta; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Studencan, Martin; Vargova, Helena; Middel, Berrie; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Ethnicity is associated with differences in clinical course and outcomes of cardiac disease, often in association with a poorer socioeconomic position. The aim of this study was to compare the mortality after coronary angiography (CAG) of Roma and non-Roma patients matched for education

  7. Higher prevalence of nephropathy in young Roma females compared with non-Roma females.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Majerníková, Mária; Jarcuska, Peter; Pella, Daniel; Mareková, Mária; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Halánová, Monika

    2014-03-01

    Ethnic differences in the prevalence of various chronic diseases, including end-stage renal disease, have been previously reported. Surprisingly, data focusing on the lower grade of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore differences in the prevalence of nephropathy between the Roma and non-Roma populations. Data from the cross-sectional population based HepaMeta study conducted in Slovakia were used. Nephropathy was defined as: a known history of any kidney disease; or the presence of proteinuria/hematuria; or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) Roma females had OR of 1.56 for having nephropathy over non-Roma females (OR 1.56; 95% CI 1.01-2.42; p Roma females had a significantly lower GFR (mean difference 3.4 ml/min, t = -3.58, p Roma. This cross-sectional study on the young general population found that Roma females have half-higher odds for nephropathy than non-Roma females. Therefore, to prevent risks we should focus on searching for ethnic, social and medical determinants of CKD. Interventions to decrease the incidence of CKD in the target population should also address ethnic inequalities as well as female gender.

  8. Roma between discrimination and integration: Social change and the status of Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakšić Božidar Lj.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Roma are a highly dispersed ethnic communicate. After international protectorate was established in Kosovo. Roma have become the most numerous ethnic minority in Yugoslavia. When discrimination against and integration of Roma people are concerned, it has to be kept in mind that thus far Roma have been exposed most often to negative discrimination, while integration for them has often meant de facto assimilation. As positive discrimination of minority groups in a society is also a viable option, the approach to the 'Roma issue' basically implies a strategic shift in the conduct of all state institutions and other social factors - from negative to positive discrimination, and from assimilation towards genuine integration of Roma. The basic approach suggested by this author is the one that enables Roma to be equal citizens of this country. The circles of poverty hi which Roma population finds itself are increasingly deeper. However, the realm of poverty is spreading across the entire space of Yugoslavia. Pauperization prevails. The devastation of living conditions for all citizens of Yugoslavia, i.e. of Serbia and Montenegro, except for the narrow circle of war profiteers and people involved with power centers, has been underway for over a decade. Middle classes have disappeared from the social scene, while many families have dropped to the sub-proletarian zone of poverty.

  9. IDENTIFYING AND CHANGING STEREOTYPES BETWEEN ROMA AND NON-ROMA: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE

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    Gregor Maučec

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Having shortly delineated and theoretically defined the concept of stereotypes (as collective social constructs and stereotyping as such, the author turns to much more complex issue as to how to identify and change stereotypes about Roma, which are deeply rooted in mainstream European societies where they live and also those stereotypes that are nurtured and strictly followed by the Roma and which relate to non-Roma. The author arrives at a conclusion that today one can note several factors and conditions in European countries which still nurture and further reinforce especially anti-Roma stereotypes. According to him, the specific and carefully elaborated stereotypes-oriented policies and strategies which favour mutual education, knowledge and understanding as well as ongoing contact and dialogue between the two different ethnic, social and cultural identities at both EU and member states levels are conditio sine qua non for the enhanced and overall Roma inclusion and integration.

  10. Roma Identity as an Expert-Political Construction

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai Surdu; Martin Kovats

    2015-01-01

    The creation of an EU Framework for national Roma integration strategies (2011) marks a significant step in the politicisation of Roma identity by ensuring a further increase in the number of initiatives, projects and programmes explicitly targeting Roma. The Framework itself is part of a process that began with postcommunist transition and which has produced historically unprecedented levels of Roma political activism along with a proliferation of national and transnational policy initiative...

  11. Roma Education and Public Policy: A European Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liegeois, Jean-Pierre

    2007-01-01

    The trajectory of the Roma is illuminating for understanding the social situation of other minorities, but also for a set of issues concerning the multiculturalism present within states. In this article, the author discusses the context of Roma education--marked by the stateless and marginalized status of the Roma--and provides a brief history of…

  12. Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia

    Science.gov (United States)

    New, William

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

  13. Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia

    Science.gov (United States)

    New, William

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

  14. Beyond Inclusion: Reconsidering Policies, Curriculum, and Pedagogy for Roma Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miskovic, Maja; Curcic, Svjetlana

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the policies and politics of including European Roma students in mainstream educational systems within the context of two European Union (EU) policies: the Decade of Roma Inclusion (2005-2015) and EU National Roma Integration Strategies (2013-2020). Drawing on the scholarship about inclusion and its practical achievements,…

  15. Roma Education and Public Policy: A European Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liegeois, Jean-Pierre

    2007-01-01

    The trajectory of the Roma is illuminating for understanding the social situation of other minorities, but also for a set of issues concerning the multiculturalism present within states. In this article, the author discusses the context of Roma education--marked by the stateless and marginalized status of the Roma--and provides a brief history of…

  16. Communication with Roma Patient – a Challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrada PARVU

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This article examines culture-based particularities of communication between doctors and Romani chronic patients.Methods: Qualitative study consisting of 48 semi-structured individual with Roma patients and their careers from two Romanian counties (Iasi and Cluj and 3 focus groups with health mediators. The interviews were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.Results: Answers varied according to participants’ degree of acculturation. The family plays a central role in caring for the patient, accompanies him at doctor visits, and interferes to doctor-patient communication. Communicating with the patient must be tailored to the Roma patients.Conclusion: To optimise communication, medical staff should be aware and respectful of cultural values, customs, and perceptions of the Roma regarding health and illness. Failure to observe these criteria may lead to breach of doctor-patient relationship, and possible failure of medical care. The degrees of individual Roma acculturation into the Romanian culture must be taken into consideration, and adjust the pattern of communication accordingly. The role of health mediators in the communication between medical staff and Romani patients are very important.Practical implications: The dissemination of information regarding the Roma cultural values in regards to illness helps the health services adapt and create a holistic multicultural care model.

  17. Are barriers in accessing health services in the Roma population associated with worse health status among Roma?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jarcuska, P.; Bobakova, D.; Uhrin, J.; Bobak, L.; Babinska, I.; Kolarcik, P.; Veselska, Z.; Madarasova-Geckova, A.

    2013-01-01

    The health of Roma has been found to be poorer than that of the majority population. The aim of this study was to explore the differences between Roma and non-Roma regarding perceived barriers in accessing health services. Furthermore, we aimed to assess the association between self-rated health

  18. To what extent does socioeconomic status explain differences in health between Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Orosova, Olga; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    The Roma make up one of the largest ethnic groups in Europe. The few studies that are available report health among the Roma as considerably worse than that of the majority population, and virtually nothing is known about the health status of Roma adolescents. The purpose of this study was to

  19. Cultural Mismatch in Roma Parents' Perceptions: The Role of Culture, Language, and Traditional Roma Values in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambrev, Veselina

    2015-01-01

    This article draws on data from a two-year qualitative study exploring the factors contributing to Roma students' disparate outcomes in Bulgaria. I utilize ethnographic observations, oral history, and in-depth interviews with twenty Roma parents to gain understanding of Roma children's "cultural capital" and relation to formal schools.…

  20. Are barriers in accessing health services in the Roma population associated with worse health status among Roma?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jarcuska, P.; Bobakova, D.; Uhrin, J.; Bobak, L.; Babinska, I.; Kolarcik, P.; Veselska, Z.; Madarasova-Geckova, A.

    2013-01-01

    The health of Roma has been found to be poorer than that of the majority population. The aim of this study was to explore the differences between Roma and non-Roma regarding perceived barriers in accessing health services. Furthermore, we aimed to assess the association between self-rated health sta

  1. Cultural Mismatch in Roma Parents' Perceptions: The Role of Culture, Language, and Traditional Roma Values in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambrev, Veselina

    2015-01-01

    This article draws on data from a two-year qualitative study exploring the factors contributing to Roma students' disparate outcomes in Bulgaria. I utilize ethnographic observations, oral history, and in-depth interviews with twenty Roma parents to gain understanding of Roma children's "cultural capital" and relation to formal schools.…

  2. GEOVISUALIZACION DEL TURISMO URBANO. ROMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Girardin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, el gran despliegue de las tecnologías inalámbricas y de telefonía móvil han proporcionado maneras nuevas de entender la dinámica de una ciudad que brindan nuevas perspectivas para los planificadores de urbanismo, los ingenieros de tráfico, las autoridades de turismo, más allá de los métodos tradicionales de recolección de datos como el recuento de tráfico en cruces viarios o las encuestas personales o telefónicas. Este trabajo, presenta la oportunidad emergente que supone el uso y práctica de geo-visualizaciones que permiten revelar el "pulso de una ciudad" con la visualización de los datos espacio-temporales generados gracias a la interacción de las personas con el entorno urbano, para lo cual se georreferencian algunos fenómenos en la ciudad de Roma.

  3. Clinical and biochemical determinants of metabolic syndrome among Roma and non-Roma subjects in the eastern part of Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedacko, Ján; Pella, Daniel; Jarcuska, Peter; Siegfried, Leonard; Janicko, Martin; Veselíny, Eduard; Sabol, Frantisek; Jarcuska, Pavol; Mareková, Mária; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Pazinka, Peter; Jankajová, Monika; Kmec, Ján; Babcák, Marián; Kalanin, Peter; Drazilová, Sylvia

    2014-03-01

    The metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clustering of cardiovascular risk. The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among populations of lower socioeconomic status is a cause of concern and calls for an effective public health response. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the Roma population compared with the non-Roma population in the eastern part of Slovakia and to determine the parameter which has the strongest association with metabolic syndrome. 123 Roma and 79 non-Roma patients with metabolic syndrome were evaluated. In the subgroup of Roma men, we found that waist circumference conferred the highest chance of MS (more than 12-times), followed by triglycerides (TG) (3.670-times). In the subgroup of non-Roma men, we found that waist circumference conferred the highest chance of MS (more than 16-times), followed by high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (4.348-times increased risk per one unit decrease in HDL). In the subgroup of Roma women as well as non-Roma women, we found that serum TG conferred the highest chance of MS, followed by waist circumference for Roma women. Comparing non-classical risk factors for MS we found that only age (with OR 1.977) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) (OR 1.887) were significant and independent predictors of MS in Roma men. Among Roma women apolipoprotein B100 was also found to be an independent predictor of MS, besides age and hsCRP. Our study confirmed that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome is strongly associated with hypertriglyceridemic waist, besides other risk factors, a marker of the atherogenic metabolic triad among younger Roma population, which may be the reason for the increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in elderly Roma compared with non-Roma. In light of these results, better prevention of CV events for Roma minority settlements in Slovakia should be provided.

  4. Attitudes of the Prekmurje Roma towards health and healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelko, Erika; Švab, Igor; Maksuti, Alem; Klemenc-Ketiš, Zalika

    2015-12-01

    Knowledge of the culture, traditions and values of the Roma is important for understanding their relationship to health and the health system. The Roma in Prekmurje, the far northeastern part of Slovenia, are a unique ethnic group and in many respects different from other Roma. The aim of the study was to determine their attitudes towards health and the healthcare system. We conducted 25 interviews in Roma settlements. The participants were between 18 and 64 years of age, with the average age being 23.46 years old; 48 % were men and 52 % women. We used qualitative content analysis as the data analysis technique. As a tool to facilitate the qualitative data analysis, we used the software Atlas.ti. In the study, we used a data-driving coding scheme. Two independent coders carried out the coding. We determined eight logical categories that explain the attitudes of the Roma towards health, satisfaction, problems and prospects and the functioning of the health system at the local level. These are experiences with the healthcare system, personal healthcare, the perception of health and illness, suggestions for improvement, common diseases as perceived by the Roma, poverty and socioeconomic status of the Roma, discrimination and the need for a better understanding of the Roma. Roma culture and their customs affect the Roma's relationship with health and the healthcare services in Prekmurje. The Roma are willing to participate in health status improvement, but require special attention within the national healthcare system.

  5. Laboratorio di Cartografia Archeologica di Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redazione Redazione

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Il Laboratorio di Cartografia Archeologica nasce per Roma e nei suoi meandri, per così dire, si nasconde. Situato al 28 di via del Monte Testaccio, in quella che la notte diventa la protagonista della vita notturna della Capitale, il Laboratorio passerebbe inosservato se non fosse per la porticina chereca impressa la sua targa. Oltrepassata la soglia, però, quelloche si incontra è un gigantesco mondo di materiale cartografico e di informazioni dedicate alla vasto patrimonio archeologico (ma non solo che caratterizza Roma.

  6. Life Satisfaction and Happiness Among the Roma in Central and Southeastern Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamberi, Ermira; Martinovic, Borja|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304822752; Verkuijten, Maykel|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/073378542

    2015-01-01

    This study examines general life satisfaction and happiness as two indicators of subjective well-being among Roma and non-Roma populations in Central and Southeastern Europe. Using a sample of 11,997 participants (Roma N = 8,399, non-Roma N = 3,598) from the Regional Roma Survey in 2011 we test a

  7. Gran centro comercial - Roma (Italia

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    Barucci, P.

    1971-05-01

    Full Text Available This large commercial centre built in Rome is organised in three main zones. The top zone extends over the nine floors of four separate buildings, and is devoted to offices. A second zone is utilised for a variety of commercial activities, whilst the third one serves auxiliary uses, such as car parking space, stores, archives, and such like. The project is based on a modular reticule of 1.80 m length. It is conceived as the sum of human living spaces, so that it is more like an urban zone than a single building: it seeks to contain within it most of the facilities that constitute a zone of urban activity.Este gran Centro Comercial construido en Roma, aparece organizado en tres zonas: una elevada destinada a oficinas, constituida por cuatro edificios de nueve plantas; una segunda zona dedicada a oficinas de representaciones, comercios y otras actividades similares; y la tercera, ocupada por los estacionamientos para vehículos, almacenes, archivos, servicios de los diferentes bloques, etc. Diseñado partiendo de una retícula modular de 1,80 m de lado, su concepción arquitectónica se ha basado en la creación de diversos espacios humanos, organizados de modo que más que un edificio en el sentido tradicional aparece como un complejo arquitectónico a escala urbana, en cuanto que están presentes en él los elementos fundamentales que constituyen la vida de la ciudad.

  8. Does the influence of peers and parents on adolescents' drunkenness differ between Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobakova, Daniela; Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Klein, Daniel; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; van Dijk, Jitse P

    2012-01-01

    Roma adolescents have been shown to use less alcohol than non-Roma adolescents. This could be due to the protective influences of peers and parents. The purpose of this study was to explore differences in the levels of peer and parental influence and their effects on drunkenness between Roma and non-Roma adolescents. Data were obtained in Eastern Slovakia from 330 Roma (mean age=14.50; 48.5% boys) and 722 non-Roma (mean age=14.86; 53.2% boys) primary school pupils. We analysed data on adolescent drunkenness (being drunk at least once in the past four weeks), parental monitoring (parents knowing with whom their children are when they go out) and peer influence (best friend drinking alcohol at least once a week) using logistic regression. Roma adolescents self-reported more parental monitoring and less peer influence when compared with their non-Roma counterparts (pRoma adolescents, whereas the effects of these factors per level do not vary between Roma and non-Roma adolescents.

  9. Are barriers in accessing health services in the Roma population associated with worse health status among Roma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarcuska, Pavol; Bobakova, Daniela; Uhrin, Jan; Bobak, Ladislav; Babinska, Ingrid; Kolarcik, Peter; Veselska, Zuzana; Madarasova Geckova, Andrea

    2013-06-01

    The health of Roma has been found to be poorer than that of the majority population. The aim of this study was to explore the differences between Roma and non-Roma regarding perceived barriers in accessing health services. Furthermore, we aimed to assess the association between self-rated health status and Roma ethnicity and explore to what degree barriers in accessing health services explain this association. We used data from the cross-sectional HepaMeta study conducted in 2011 in Slovakia. The final sample comprised 452 Roma (mean age 34.7; 35.2 % men) and 403 (mean age 33.5; 45.9 % men) non-Roma respondents. Roma ethnicity was found to be significantly associated with poorer self-rated health status. A considerable part of this association can be explained by barriers in accessing health services as perceived by Roma. Worse health in Roma is partially mediated by worse access to health services, apart from a large educational gap between Roma living in settlements and the majority population. Interventions should focus not only on health literacy among Roma but also on the health care system and health care professionals.

  10. Bloque de viviendas, Viale Pinturicchio - Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luccichenti, V.

    1957-11-01

    Full Text Available Este edificio fue realizado por iniciativa del Instituto de Viviendas Económicas, de Roma, sobre un terreno de 1.150 m2 cercano al Tíber. Tal proximidad exigió una labor compleja de cimentación, ya que el proyecto determinaba una construcción de once plantas.

  11. Socioeconomic position, gender, and inequalities in self-rated health between Roma and non-Roma in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janevic, Teresa; Jankovic, Janko; Bradley, Elizabeth

    2012-02-01

    Roma experience high levels of discrimination and social exclusion. Our objective was to examine differences in self-rated health (SRH) between Roma and non-Roma in Serbia. Using data from the 2007 Living Standards Measurement Survey in Serbia (n = 14,313), we used binomial regression to estimate the relative risk (RR) of poor (SRH) among Roma (n = 267) relative to non-Roma. We additionally conducted group comparisons of combinations of Romani ethnicity, poverty, and gender, relative to the baseline group of non-Roma males not in poverty. Adjusting for age, Roma were more than twice as likely as non-Roma to report poor SRH (RR = 2.3, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 1.8, 2.8). After adjustment for household consumption, employment, and education, the RR was reduced to 1.6 (95% CI = 1.3, 2.0). Romani women, regardless of whether they were living in poverty or not, experienced the greatest risk of poor SRH, with risks relative to non-Roma males not in poverty of 3.2 (95% CI = 2.3, 4.2) and 3.1 (95% CI = 2.4, 4.0), respectively. Roma in Serbia are at increased risk of poor SRH; Romani women experience the greatest burden of poor SRH.

  12. Roma Empowerment and Social Inclusion Through Work-Integrated Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    2015-01-01

    The basis for this article was a health promotion program based on participatory action research and work-integrated learning (WIL). Seven Roma people were employed and trained to work as local coordinators to empower the local Roma community by strengthening their participation in society...... and their sense of community, as well as to promote self-led integration. The study aimed to analyze the program from the Roma coordinators’ perspectives, focusing on perceived individual empowerment and perceptions of contribution to the common good and to community empowerment. The findings, based...... on qualitative data, primarily interviews with the Roma coordinators, indicated that the WIL approach, the participatory nature of the program, and the trust and support from the Roma colleagues and non-Roma facilitators were essential for the development of empowerment. Three main themes emerged that portrayed...

  13. I COLEOTTERI TENEBRIONIDI DI ROMA (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Fattorini

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In base alla revisione dei dati di letteratura e all’esame di circa 2000 esemplari raccolti a Roma dal 1880 ai nostri giorni, è stata accertata la presenza in questa città di 45 specie di Tenebrionidi, ovvero oltre il 26% delle specie e sottospecie di Tenebrionidi note per l’Italia peninsulare. Altre 18 specie, di cui è stato esaminato materiale cartellinato “Roma” o citato di questa città, sono da considerarsi certamente o verosimilmente estranee. 11 specie citate da Gardini (1997 sono rimosse dalla fauna di Roma, mentre ne vengono segnalate per la prima volta altre 29. Di ogni specie sono indicati: i dati riguardanti il materiale esaminato, i dati di letteratura, la distribuzione, l’ecologia, la distribuzione ambientale nella città di Roma. In base all’estensione temporale delle ricerche, l’elenco fornito dovrebbe essere considerato pressoché completo. Specie rare sono B. gigas, B. lethifera, C. atropos, M. tibialis, G. obscurum, S. metallica, Corticues spp. e N. picipes. Per alcune di esse sono noti pochi reperti, prevalentemente di vecchia data. Alcune specie presenti a Roma mostrano una generale rarefazione, anche in ambienti naturali, probabilmente a causa di pressioni antropiche. Specie considerate un tempo comuni a Roma (come T. italica, A. bacarozzo, Gonocephalum spp., O. sabulosum o N. planippennis sono oggi piuttosto rare o localizzate, mentre specie con una più ristretta tolleranza ecologica (come C. atropos, M. tibialis, S. metallica, P. violacea, Corticeus spp. sono probabilmente divenute molto rare o si sono estinte a Roma. Le specie che hanno avuto maggior successo nella colonizzazione degli ambineti urbani sono elementi xerotermofili, o con ampia tolleranza ecologica, come A. luigionii, S. striatus, B. gibba e P. meridianus., specie tipiche di ambienti aperti ed aridi, comuni nei giardini, nei parchi, nei siti archeologici, nelle aree ruderali, ecc. La presenza nella città di queste specie, tuttora

  14. Origins, admixture and founder lineages in European Roma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Cruz, Begoña; Mendizabal, Isabel; Harmant, Christine; de Pablo, Rosario; Ioana, Mihai; Angelicheva, Dora; Kouvatsi, Anastasia; Makukh, Halyna; Netea, Mihai G; Pamjav, Horolma; Zalán, Andrea; Tournev, Ivailo; Marushiakova, Elena; Popov, Vesselin; Bertranpetit, Jaume; Kalaydjieva, Luba; Quintana-Murci, Lluis; Comas, David

    2016-06-01

    The Roma, also known as 'Gypsies', represent the largest and the most widespread ethnic minority of Europe. There is increasing evidence, based on linguistic, anthropological and genetic data, to suggest that they originated from the Indian subcontinent, with subsequent bottlenecks and undetermined gene flow from/to hosting populations during their diaspora. Further support comes from the presence of Indian uniparentally inherited lineages, such as mitochondrial DNA M and Y-chromosome H haplogroups, in a significant number of Roma individuals. However, the limited resolution of most genetic studies so far, together with the restriction of the samples used, have prevented the detection of other non-Indian founder lineages that might have been present in the proto-Roma population. We performed a high-resolution study of the uniparental genomes of 753 Roma and 984 non-Roma hosting European individuals. Roma groups show lower genetic diversity and high heterogeneity compared with non-Roma samples as a result of lower effective population size and extensive drift, consistent with a series of bottlenecks during their diaspora. We found a set of founder lineages, present in the Roma and virtually absent in the non-Roma, for the maternal (H7, J1b3, J1c1, M18, M35b, M5a1, U3, and X2d) and paternal (I-P259, J-M92, and J-M67) genomes. This lineage classification allows us to identify extensive gene flow from non-Roma to Roma groups, whereas the opposite pattern, although not negligible, is substantially lower (up to 6.3%). Finally, the exact haplotype matching analysis of both uniparental lineages consistently points to a Northwestern origin of the proto-Roma population within the Indian subcontinent.

  15. Roma Education on the Agenda of the European Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaroka, Livia

    2007-01-01

    The Roma community of Europe continues to face discrimination in a number of areas, notably education, employment, healthcare, and housing. In an increasingly knowledge-based economy, education provides one of the primary tools for escaping the cycle of poverty that traps many Roma families, and therefore it is one of the most pressing issues that…

  16. Institutional Racism? Roma Children, Local Community and School Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachos, Dimitris

    2012-01-01

    This article tries to discuss the conditions Roma pupils face within the Greek educational system. In the first part, through a brief history of Roma groups in Greece followed by a short analysis of their legal status and leaving conditions, I attempt to present a critical approach in Romani Studies. Thereafter, using Institutional Racism as a…

  17. From Research to Policy: Roma Participation through Communicative Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munte, Ariadna; Serradell, Olga; Sorde, Teresa

    2011-01-01

    For centuries, Roma people's social exclusion has been reinforced through research that has legitimized stereotypes rather than helping to overcome them. This has led Roma people to refuse to participate in the kind of research that has contributed to discrimination against them. We describe how the critical communicative methodology, used in the…

  18. Otherness in Pedagogical Theory and Practice: The Case of Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirova, Anna; Prochner, Larry

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses the topic of the inclusion of Roma children in education in Europe through an examination of theory and practice in relation to the issues of Otherness and foreignness. Roma children entering school encounter a vastly different world from their home culture, with different expectations for teaching and learning, for…

  19. Situated Learning in Young Romanian Roma Successful Learning Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, Nicolae; Stanciu, Dorin; Vanea, Cornelia; Sasu, Virginia Maria; Dragota, Maria

    2014-01-01

    European Roma are often associated with social problems and conflicts due to poverty and low formal education. Nevertheless, Roma communities traditionally develop expertise in ethnically specific domains, probably by alternative, informal ways, such as situated learning in communities of practice. Although predictable, empirical evidence of…

  20. Otherness in Pedagogical Theory and Practice: The Case of Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirova, Anna; Prochner, Larry

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses the topic of the inclusion of Roma children in education in Europe through an examination of theory and practice in relation to the issues of Otherness and foreignness. Roma children entering school encounter a vastly different world from their home culture, with different expectations for teaching and learning, for…

  1. Institutional Racism? Roma Children, Local Community and School Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachos, Dimitris

    2012-01-01

    This article tries to discuss the conditions Roma pupils face within the Greek educational system. In the first part, through a brief history of Roma groups in Greece followed by a short analysis of their legal status and leaving conditions, I attempt to present a critical approach in Romani Studies. Thereafter, using Institutional Racism as a…

  2. Situated Learning in Young Romanian Roma Successful Learning Biographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, Nicolae; Stanciu, Dorin; Vanea, Cornelia; Sasu, Virginia Maria; Dragota, Maria

    2014-01-01

    European Roma are often associated with social problems and conflicts due to poverty and low formal education. Nevertheless, Roma communities traditionally develop expertise in ethnically specific domains, probably by alternative, informal ways, such as situated learning in communities of practice. Although predictable, empirical evidence of…

  3. From Research to Policy: Roma Participation through Communicative Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munte, Ariadna; Serradell, Olga; Sorde, Teresa

    2011-01-01

    For centuries, Roma people's social exclusion has been reinforced through research that has legitimized stereotypes rather than helping to overcome them. This has led Roma people to refuse to participate in the kind of research that has contributed to discrimination against them. We describe how the critical communicative methodology, used in the…

  4. Roma Education on the Agenda of the European Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaroka, Livia

    2007-01-01

    The Roma community of Europe continues to face discrimination in a number of areas, notably education, employment, healthcare, and housing. In an increasingly knowledge-based economy, education provides one of the primary tools for escaping the cycle of poverty that traps many Roma families, and therefore it is one of the most pressing issues that…

  5. Roma ethnicity and outcomes of coronary artery disease : Mortality, clinical status and self-rated health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sudzinova, Adriana

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to explore care whether health outcomes differ between Roma and non-Roma patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing coronary angiography (CAG). We found that Roma had worse outcomes in this case. Roma CAD patients entering specialized cardiologic care already

  6. Roma ethnicity and outcomes of coronary artery disease : Mortality, clinical status and self-rated health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sudzinova, Adriana

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to explore care whether health outcomes differ between Roma and non-Roma patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing coronary angiography (CAG). We found that Roma had worse outcomes in this case. Roma CAD patients entering specialized cardiologic care already h

  7. Exploring misery discourses: problematized Roma in labour market projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktor Vesterberg

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyse learning practices in labour market projects cofinanced by the European Social Fund (ESF targeting unemployed Roma in Sweden. The empirical material consists of 18 project descriptions from ESF projects, as well as national and European policy documents concerned with the inclusion of the Roma in contemporary Europe. The contemporary empirical material is analysed in relation to a government report from 1956 concerning the 'Roma issue' in Sweden. The analytical perspective of the study is governmentality, and the analysis focuses on different kinds of problematizations and the discursive positioning of the Roma subjects. One of the main findings is that unemployed Roma are situated in various discourses of misery and constructed as in need of reshaping their subjectivities in order to become educable as well as employable.

  8. Securitarian healing: Roma mobility and health care in Rome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alunni, Lorenzo

    2015-01-01

    Over the last decade, Roma populations in Europe have been the object of strict securitarian policies. The Rome case is particularly interesting due to the continued shift from securitarian to humanitarian discourses and actions led by local institutions. The specific health care system implemented in the legal and illegal Roma camps was one of the tools used. The ethnographic fieldwork behind this article involved following the daily activities of a mobile medical unit dedicated to Roma camps in Rome and monitoring a health care project led by a nongovernmental organization. This analysis focuses on one particular dimension of precarious forms of Roma citizenship that the health care policies have developed to address Roma issues: the international mobility dynamics relating to health issues, which drive subjects into a forced integration of multiple, incomplete, and fragmentary medical approaches.

  9. Collective identity and wellbeing of Roma minority adolescents in Bulgaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Radosveta; Chasiotis, Athanasios; Bender, Michael; van de Vijver, Fons

    2013-01-01

    In Europe and particularly in Bulgaria, Roma represent the largest low-status minority group that is subjected to marked public intolerance and discrimination. This study examined links among Roma (N = 207) and Bulgarian (N = 399) adolescents' ethnic, familial, and religious identities as salient identity aspects for their psychological wellbeing. Results indicated that, as expected, Roma youth reported lower levels of wellbeing than Bulgarian youth. The latter revealed a weaker religious identity than Roma youth, whereas no ethnic group differences emerged regarding Bulgarian or familial identity. Furthermore, we observed that collective identity was higher in older participants of both groups. Finally, a multigroup analysis using structural equation modeling showed that collective identity was a positive predictor of wellbeing for both Roma and Bulgarian adolescents. Findings demonstrated differences in salience as well as structural communalities regarding ways in which collective identity affects wellbeing of youth from two ethnically diverse communities.

  10. Predictors of health-endangering behaviour among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia by gender

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, P.; Geckova, A. M.; Orosova, O.; van Dijk, J. P.; Reijneveld, S. A.

    2010-01-01

    Background Roma people are commonly described as having an unhealthy lifestyled-for example, an unhealthy diet, intensive smoking, frequent alcohol consumption and a lack of physical activity. However, data about such health-endangering behaviours among Roma adolescents are scarce and of poor

  11. Does the influence of peers and parents on adolescents' drunkenness differ between Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bobakova, D.; Kolarcik, P.; Madarasova-Geckova, A.; Klein, D.; Reijneveld, S.A.; van Dijk, J.P.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Roma adolescents have been shown to use less alcohol than non-Roma adolescents. This could be due to the protective influences of peers and parents. Objective. The purpose of this study was to explore differences in the levels of peer and parental influence and their effects on

  12. Does the influence of peers and parents on adolescents' drunkenness differ between Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bobakova, D.; Kolarcik, P.; Madarasova-Geckova, A.; Klein, D.; Reijneveld, S.A.; van Dijk, J.P.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Roma adolescents have been shown to use less alcohol than non-Roma adolescents. This could be due to the protective influences of peers and parents. Objective. The purpose of this study was to explore differences in the levels of peer and parental influence and their effects on drunkenne

  13. Predictors of health-endangering behaviour among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia by gender

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, P.; Geckova, A. M.; Orosova, O.; van Dijk, J. P.; Reijneveld, S. A.

    2010-01-01

    Background Roma people are commonly described as having an unhealthy lifestyled-for example, an unhealthy diet, intensive smoking, frequent alcohol consumption and a lack of physical activity. However, data about such health-endangering behaviours among Roma adolescents are scarce and of poor qualit

  14. Viaducto Olímpico de Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nervi, P. L.

    1962-10-01

    Full Text Available Con motivo de la última olimpíada, celebrada en Roma (Italia, se tuvo que hacer frente al problema que presentaban los transportes y comunicaciones. El acceso a esta zona olímpica, además de no ser suficiente, necesitaba de vías que encauzaran el tráfico y se prestasen a absorber el volumen del mismo, que con motivo de reuniones deportivas se crea, y como complemento ulterior, dotar de accesos permanentes a esta zona que debía ser aprovechada después de estos cometidos como una amplia extensión residencial.

  15. Reconstructing Roma history from genome-wide data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priya Moorjani

    Full Text Available The Roma people, living throughout Europe and West Asia, are a diverse population linked by the Romani language and culture. Previous linguistic and genetic studies have suggested that the Roma migrated into Europe from South Asia about 1,000-1,500 years ago. Genetic inferences about Roma history have mostly focused on the Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA. To explore what additional information can be learned from genome-wide data, we analyzed data from six Roma groups that we genotyped at hundreds of thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs. We estimate that the Roma harbor about 80% West Eurasian ancestry-derived from a combination of European and South Asian sources-and that the date of admixture of South Asian and European ancestry was about 850 years before present. We provide evidence for Eastern Europe being a major source of European ancestry, and North-west India being a major source of the South Asian ancestry in the Roma. By computing allele sharing as a measure of linkage disequilibrium, we estimate that the migration of Roma out of the Indian subcontinent was accompanied by a severe founder event, which appears to have been followed by a major demographic expansion after the arrival in Europe.

  16. Reconstructing Roma History from Genome-Wide Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moorjani, Priya; Patterson, Nick; Loh, Po-Ru; Lipson, Mark; Kisfali, Péter; Melegh, Bela I.; Bonin, Michael; Kádaši, Ľudevít; Rieß, Olaf; Berger, Bonnie; Reich, David; Melegh, Béla

    2013-01-01

    The Roma people, living throughout Europe and West Asia, are a diverse population linked by the Romani language and culture. Previous linguistic and genetic studies have suggested that the Roma migrated into Europe from South Asia about 1,000–1,500 years ago. Genetic inferences about Roma history have mostly focused on the Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA. To explore what additional information can be learned from genome-wide data, we analyzed data from six Roma groups that we genotyped at hundreds of thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We estimate that the Roma harbor about 80% West Eurasian ancestry–derived from a combination of European and South Asian sources–and that the date of admixture of South Asian and European ancestry was about 850 years before present. We provide evidence for Eastern Europe being a major source of European ancestry, and North-west India being a major source of the South Asian ancestry in the Roma. By computing allele sharing as a measure of linkage disequilibrium, we estimate that the migration of Roma out of the Indian subcontinent was accompanied by a severe founder event, which appears to have been followed by a major demographic expansion after the arrival in Europe. PMID:23516520

  17. Obesity and body size perceptions in a Spanish Roma population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poveda, Alaitz; Ibáñez, María Eugenia; Rebato, Esther

    2014-01-01

    Roma people are particularly vulnerable to developing overweight and obesity. Self-perception of body image may influence the prevalence of obesity in this ethnic minority. The objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of obesity, to analyse body size perceptions and preferences and to assess the relationship between body size perceptions and obesity in the Roma population. The analyses were carried out on 372 men, women and children from the Roma population residing in the Greater Bilbao region (Basque Country, Spain). In adults, a standard figural scale was used to analyse body size perceptions and preferences in this ethnic minority. Overall 51.7% of adult and 24.4% of minor Roma individuals were obese. Both Roma men and women had inaccurate self-perceptions of their body size. Significant differences on body size perceptions were detected based on age, sex, nutritional status and socioeconomic characteristics. This Roma population presents one of the highest rates of obesity worldwide. Although a certain awareness of the correct weight status was appreciated, the inability of Roma individuals to see themselves as overweight or obese may be a significant factor on the high prevalence of obesity in this population.

  18. Prevalence of URAT1 allelic variants in the Roma population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiburkova, Blanka; Gabrikova, Dana; Čepek, Pavel; Šimek, Pavel; Kristian, Pavol; Cordoba-Lanus, Elizabeth; Claverie-Martin, Felix

    2016-12-01

    The Roma represents a transnational ethnic group, with a current European population of 8-10 million. The evolutionary process that had the greatest impact on the gene pool of the Roma population is called the founder effect. Renal hypouricemia (RHUC) is a rare heterogenous inherited disorder characterized by impaired renal urate reabsorption. The affected individuals are predisposed to recurrent episodes of exercise-induced nonmyoglobinuric acute kidney injury and nephrolithiasis. To date, more than 150 patients with a loss-of-function mutation for the SLC22A12 (URAT1) gene have been found, most of whom are Asians. However, RHUC 1 patients have been described in a variety of ethnic groups (e.g., Arab Israelis, Iraqi Jews, Caucasians, and Roma) and in geographically noncontiguous countries. This study confirms our previous findings regarding the high frequency of SLC22A12 variants observed. Frequencies of the c.1245_1253del and c.1400C>T variants were found to be 1.92% and 5.56%, respectively, in a subgroup of the Roma population from five regions in three countries: Slovakia, Czech Republic, and Spain. Our findings suggested that the common dysfunction allelic variants of URAT1 exist in the general Roma population and thus renal hypouricemia should be kept in differential diagnostic algorithm on Roma patients with defect in renal tubular urate transport. This leads to confirm that the genetic drift in the Roma have increased the prevalence of hereditary disorders caused by very rare variants in major population.

  19. Genetic structure of the paternal lineage of the Roma people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamjav, Horolma; Zalán, Andrea; Béres, Judit; Nagy, Melinda; Chang, Yuet Meng

    2011-05-01

    According to written sources, Roma (Romanies, Gypsies) arrived in the Balkans around 1,000 years ago from India and have subsequently spread through several parts of Europe. Genetic data, particularly from the Y chromosome, have supported this model, and can potentially refine it. We now provide an analysis of Y-chromosomal markers from five Roma and two non-Roma populations (N = 787) in order to investigate the genetic relatedness of the Roma population groups to one another, and to gain further understanding of their likely Indian origins, the genetic contribution of non-Roma males to the Roma populations, and the early history of their splits and migrations in Europe. The two main sources of the Roma paternal gene pool were identified as South Asian and European. The reduced diversity and expansion of H1a-M82 lineages in all Roma groups imply shared descent from a single paternal ancestor in the Indian subcontinent. The Roma paternal gene pool also contains a specific subset of E1b1b1a-M78 and J2a2-M67 lineages, implying admixture during early settlement in the Balkans and the subsequent influx into the Carpathian Basin. Additional admixture, evident in the low and moderate frequencies of typical European haplogroups I1-M253, I2a-P37.2, I2b-M223, R1b1-P25, and R1a1-M198, has occurred in a more population-specific manner.

  20. Contraceptive Attitudes and Practices in the Roma Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Zanca

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The process of adopting a contraceptive behaviour is determined by a series of factors, having a slow progress in time. The use of birth control methods by the Roma women is influenced by a series of specific elements. This article wants to highlight an image containing the degree in which the Roma women are aware of the birth control methods and family planning. To this end, I have used the technique of group interview. In the first stage I applied a number of group interviews on the Roma women from the Gîrcin community. Afterwards I examined the interviews using inductive analysis. The results were grouped into thematic categories.

  1. Historia del Pensamiento Político Premoderno 06 Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Sanz Díaz, Benito, 1949

    2010-01-01

    Tema 6 Roma, Republica e Imperio La Monarquía romana. 753-510 adC La Republica romana. 509 a 27 adC 1. La Ley de las XII Tablas, Lex duodecim tabularum 2. Magistraturas y magistrados en el sistema republicano de Roma. El Consulado. Legatus. El Pretor. Los censores. La Dictadura. Decenviros. Cuestores. Ediles. Tribunos de la plebe 3. El Senado 4. Triunvirato 5. Los protagonistas del último siglo republicano 6. El final de una época 7. ¿Por qué Roma pasó de Repu...

  2. Roma coronary heart disease patients have more medical risk factors and greater severity of coronary heart disease than non-Roma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sudzinova, A.; Nagyova, I.; Studencan, M.; Rosenberger, J.; Skodova, Z.; Vargova, H.; Middel, B.; Reijneveld, S. A.; van Dijk, J. P.

    Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity world-wide. Evidence on ethnic differences between the Roma and non-Roma regarding medical risk factors is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess differences in medical risk factors and the severity of CHD in Roma

  3. Delinquent and Aggressive Behavior and Social Desirability Among Roma and Non-Roma Adolescents in Slovakia : A Cross-Sectional Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    Rates of aggression and delinquency are assumed to be higher among Roma and other minorities, but sound evidence of this is lacking. Our aim was to assess delinquent and aggressive behavior among Roma and non-Roma adolescents and the effects on ethnic differences of parental education and social

  4. Roma coronary heart disease patients have more medical risk factors and greater severity of coronary heart disease than non-Roma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudzinova, A; Nagyova, I; Studencan, M; Rosenberger, J; Skodova, Z; Vargova, H; Middel, B; Reijneveld, S A; van Dijk, J P

    2013-06-01

    Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity world-wide. Evidence on ethnic differences between the Roma and non-Roma regarding medical risk factors is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess differences in medical risk factors and the severity of CHD in Roma compared with non-Roma CHD patients, adjusted for gender, age and education. Six hundred seventy four patients were included in this cross-sectional study (132 Roma, 542 non-Roma). Data on medical risk factors, symptoms, medication and severity of CHD were obtained from medical records. After matching Roma and non-Roma according to education, linear and logistic regression analyses with adjustments for gender and age were used. Compared with non-Roma, Roma patients had significantly more risk factors and more severe types of CHD. They were treated less frequently with statins and beta-blockers, were more frequently left on pharmacotherapy and surgically revascularised. These differences remained after controlling for education, gender and age. Roma CHD patients have a worse risk profile at entry of care and seem to be undertreated compared with non-Roma CHD patients.

  5. Delinquent and Aggressive Behavior and Social Desirability Among Roma and Non-Roma Adolescents in Slovakia : A Cross-Sectional Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2016-01-01

    Rates of aggression and delinquency are assumed to be higher among Roma and other minorities, but sound evidence of this is lacking. Our aim was to assess delinquent and aggressive behavior among Roma and non-Roma adolescents and the effects on ethnic differences of parental education and social des

  6. Roma coronary heart disease patients have more medical risk factors and greater severity of coronary heart disease than non-Roma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sudzinova, A.; Nagyova, I.; Studencan, M.; Rosenberger, J.; Skodova, Z.; Vargova, H.; Middel, B.; Reijneveld, S. A.; van Dijk, J. P.

    2013-01-01

    Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity world-wide. Evidence on ethnic differences between the Roma and non-Roma regarding medical risk factors is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess differences in medical risk factors and the severity of CHD in Roma

  7. The role of the Vlax Roma in shaping the European Romani maternal genetic history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salihović, Marijana Peričić; Barešić, Ana; Klarić, Irena Martinović; Cukrov, Slavena; Lauc, Lovorka Barać; Janićijević, Branka

    2011-10-01

    The Roma are comprised of many founder groups of common Indian origins but different socio-cultural characteristics. The Vlax Roma are one of the founder Roma populations characterized by a period of bondage in the historic Romanian principalities, and by the archaic Romanian language. Demographic history suggests different migration routes of Roma populations, especially after their arrival in Mesopotamia and the eastern boundary of the Byzantine Empire. Although various genetic studies of uniparental genetic markers showed a connection between Roma genetic legacy and their migration routes, precise sampling of Roma populations elucidates this relationship in more detail. In this study, we analyzed mitochondrial DNA of 384 Croatian Vlax Roma from two geographic locations in the context of 734 European Roma samples. Our results show that Roma migration routes are marked with two Near-Eastern haplogroups, X2 and U3, whose inverse proportional incidence clearly separates the Balkan and the Vlax Roma from other Roma populations that reached Europe as part of the first migration wave. Spatial and temporal characteristics of these haplogroups indicate a possibility of their admixture with Roma populations before arrival in Europe. Distribution of haplogroup M35 indicates that all Vlax Roma populations descend from one single founder population that might even reach back to the original ancestral Indian population. Founder effects followed by strict endogamy rules can be traced from India to contemporary small, local communities, as in the case of two Croatian Vlax Roma populations that show clear population differentiation despite similar origins and shared demographic history.

  8. Screening for Diabetes Among Roma People Living in Serbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beljić Živković, Teodora; Marjanović, Milica; Prgomelja, Stela; Soldatović, Ivan; Koprivica, Branka; Acković, Dragoljub; Živković, Rodoljub

    2010-01-01

    Aim To investigate the prevalence of diabetes in the Roma population in Serbia. Methods We screened 11 urban and 8 rural Roma communities from October 2006 to May 2008 for the presence of diabetes. Blood glucose values, name, age, sex, presence of diabetes, family history, and obesity were recorded. Results We analyzed the data from 1465 Roma people, 953 women and 512 men (785 in urban and 680 in rural communities), with mean age of 42.42 ± 15.69 years. Abdominal obesity was present in 600 (41%) participants. Eighty seven participants (5.9%) already had diabetes and there were 76 (5.2%) newly discovered cases of diabetes type 2. Participants with diabetes were significantly older (F = 28.33; P Roma people living in Serbia may possibly be higher than in the general population of Serbia and needs further investigation. PMID:20401957

  9. EQUALITY AND DISCIMINATION – ROMA SOCIAL EXCLUSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea George GHERASIM

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Substantiating the idea of equality of all citizens, Ion Ghica shows the special value of this concept and its importance for the Romanian society, saying that "equality is a noble and good aspiration of the generous man, of the man endowed with a sense of justice and fairness; it is the urge and hope of the intelligent person, of the scholar and of the worker, of the one who wants to climb the social ladder, who aspires to the development of progress and civilization". The purpose of this study is to focus on the issues of the Roma minority and on the ethnic discrimination in this segment, which is not limited to Romania, becoming rapidly a center of interest and concern throughout Europe.

  10. Origins and divergence of the Roma (gypsies).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gresham, D; Morar, B; Underhill, P A; Passarino, G; Lin, A A; Wise, C; Angelicheva, D; Calafell, F; Oefner, P J; Shen, P; Tournev, I; de Pablo, R; Kuĉinskas, V; Perez-Lezaun, A; Marushiakova, E; Popov, V; Kalaydjieva, L

    2001-12-01

    The identification of a growing number of novel Mendelian disorders and private mutations in the Roma (Gypsies) points to their unique genetic heritage. Linguistic evidence suggests that they are of diverse Indian origins. Their social structure within Europe resembles that of the jatis of India, where the endogamous group, often defined by profession, is the primary unit. Genetic studies have reported dramatic differences in the frequencies of mutations and neutral polymorphisms in different Romani populations. However, these studies have not resolved ambiguities regarding the origins and relatedness of Romani populations. In this study, we examine the genetic structure of 14 well-defined Romani populations. Y-chromosome and mtDNA markers of different mutability were analyzed in a total of 275 individuals. Asian Y-chromosome haplogroup VI-68, defined by a mutation at the M82 locus, was present in all 14 populations and accounted for 44.8% of Romani Y chromosomes. Asian mtDNA-haplogroup M was also identified in all Romani populations and accounted for 26.5% of female lineages in the sample. Limited diversity within these two haplogroups, measured by the variation at eight short-tandem-repeat loci for the Y chromosome, and sequencing of the HVS1 for the mtDNA are consistent with a small group of founders splitting from a single ethnic population in the Indian subcontinent. Principal-components analysis and analysis of molecular variance indicate that genetic structure in extant endogamous Romani populations has been shaped by genetic drift and differential admixture and correlates with the migrational history of the Roma in Europe. By contrast, social organization and professional group divisions appear to be the product of a more recent restitution of the caste system of India.

  11. Differences between Roma and non-Roma in how social support from family and friends helps to overcome health care accessibility problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobakova, Daniela; Dankulincova Veselska, Zuzana; Babinska, Ingrid; Klein, Daniel; Madarasova Geckova, Andrea; Cislakova, Lydia

    2015-04-14

    Roma are the most deprived ethnic minority in Slovakia, suffering from discrimination, poverty and social exclusion. Problematic access to good quality health care as result of institutional and interpersonal discrimination affects their health; therefore, factors which affect health care accessibility of Roma are of high importance for public health and policy makers. The aim of this study was to explore the association between health care accessibility problems and ethnicity and how different levels of social support from family and friends affect this association. We used data from the cross-sectional HepaMeta study conducted in 2011 in Slovakia. The final sample comprised 452 Roma (mean age = 34.7; 35.2% men) and 403 (mean age = 33.5; 45.9% men) non-Roma respondents. Roma in comparison with non-Roma have a more than 3-times higher chance of reporting health care accessibility problems. Social support from family and friends significantly decreases the likelihood of reporting health care accessibility problems in both Roma and non-Roma, while the family seems to be the more important factor. The worse access to health care of Roma living in so-called settlements seems to be partially mediated by social support. Interventions should focus on Roma health mediators and community workers who can identify influential individuals who are able to change a community's fear and distrust and persuade and teach Roma to seek and appropriately use health care services.

  12. SOCIAL ECONOMY A SOLUTION FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ROMA COMMUNITIES IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Ghinescu

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The project „Social Economy a solution for the development of Roma Communities in Romania” contributes to the efforts of Romanian stakeholders to develop and implement of the National Strategy for the Inclusion of Roma Citizens belonging to Roma Minority. Signed by the Management Authority in March 2011, the project provides support for the development of socio-economic interventions within Romacommunities and promotes social economy as a social inclusion tool for a group as vulnerable to the insertion on the labor market as that of the Roma. The project helps advance key issues regarding social economy and Roma communities, inter-alia sustainability and how to create a network of professionals that will further developthe concept among Roma groups, social inclusion and equal opportunities as relates especially to Roma women, but also to Roma young people, local and national ownership.

  13. Social distance and stereotypes of Roma at the primary school age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franceško Mirjana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The sample of the research presented in this paper consisted of 575 children age 10 and 11 from four of Novi Sad`s primary school. 58 of them were Roma and the rest were Serbs, Hungarians, Croats, etc. The paper deals with the social distance toward the six ethnic groups (Roma, Serbs, Croats Hungarians, Slovaks and Ruthenians, as well as stereotypes of Roma both in Roma and non-Roma children. Sample has also been divided in two by the criteria of Roma children attending the same classes as the children in the sample or not. The results show that social distance toward the Roma is higher than any other social distance in this sample. Also, we were not able to find any significant differences in this social distance between children who attend the school with the Roma children and those who do not. As could be expected, the auto stereotypes were more positive than the hetero stereotypes.

  14. Addressing barriers to healthcare access for Roma: A community development approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirwan Gloria

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The Roma community in Europe has experienced persistent marginalisation and disadvantage over many generations, with Roma regularly experiencing problems of access to healthcare, accommodation, education and employment within the European context. Ireland is a relatively new destination for Roma migration and, as yet, the experiences of Roma in Ireland are under-researched. However, problematic access to healthcare has emerged as an issue faced by the Roma community in Ireland. With reference to the work of the Tallaght Roma Integration Project (TRIP, this article aims to illuminate some of the challenges faced by Roma in this regard. The work of TRIP is informed by community development principles, including concepts of participation and social solidarity. This article explores how community development can offer a framework through which the Roma community can engage collaboratively with service providers in order to highlight need and mobilise change in service provision.

  15. Roma ethnicity and clinical outcomes in kidney transplant recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnar, Miklos Z; Langer, Robert M; Remport, Adam; Czira, Maria E; Rajczy, Katalin; Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar; Kovesdy, Csaba P; Novak, Marta; Mucsi, Istvan; Rosivall, Laszlo

    2012-06-01

    Racial and ethnic disparities among North American patients with chronic kidney disease have received significant attention. In contrast, little is known about health-related outcomes of patients with end-stage renal disease among the Roma minority, also known as gypsies, compared to Caucasian individuals. We prospectively assessed the association between Roma ethnicity and long-term clinical outcomes in kidney transplant recipients. In a prevalent cohort of renal transplant recipients, followed up over a median of 94 months, we prospectively collected socio-demographic, medical (and transplant related) characteristics and laboratory data at baseline from 60 Roma and 1,003 Caucasian patients (mean age 45 (SD = 11) and 49 (SD = 13) years, 33 and 41% women, 18 and 17% with diabetes mellitus, respectively). Survival analyses examined the associations between Roma ethnicity and all-cause mortality and death-censored graft loss or death with functioning renal allograft. During the follow-up period, 341 patients (32%) died. Two-hundred eighty (26%) patients died with a functioning graft and 201 patients (19%) returned to dialysis. After multivariable adjustments, Roma ethnicity was associated with 77% higher risk of all-cause mortality (Hazard Ratio (HR): 1.77; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02, 3.07), two times higher risk of mortality with functioning graft (2.04 [1.17-3.55]) and 77% higher risk of graft loss (1.77 [1.01-3.13]), respectively. Roma ethnicity is independently associated with increased mortality risk and worse graft outcome in kidney transplant recipients. Further studies should identify the factors contributing to worse outcomes among Roma patients.

  16. Dying and death in some Roma communities: ethical challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Gabriel; Gramma, Rodica; Enache, Angela; Pârvu, Andrada; Ioan, Beatrice; Moisa, Ştefana Maria; Dumitraş, Silvia; Chirita, Radu

    2014-04-01

    The Roma people have specific values, therefore their views and beliefs about illness, dying and death are important to be known for health care providers caring for members of this community. The aim of this qualitative study based on 48 semi-structured interviews with Roma patients and caregivers in communities in two regions of Romania was to examine their selfdescribed behaviors and practices, their experiences and perceptions of illness, dying and death. Five more important themes about the Roma people facing dying and death have been identified: (1) The perception of illness in the community as reason for shame and the isolation that results from this, as well as the tendency for Roma people to take this on in their self image; (2) The importance of the family as the major support for the ill/dying individual, including the social requirement that family gather when someone is ill/dying; (3) The belief that the patient should not be told his/her diagnosis for fear it will harm him/her and that the family should be informed of the diagnosis as the main decision maker regarding medical treatment; (4) The reluctance of the Roma to decide on stopping life prolonging treatment; (5) The view of death as 'impure'. These results can be useful for health care providers working with members of the Roma community. By paying attention to and respecting the Roma patients' values, spirituality, and relationship dynamics, the medical staff can provide the most suitable healthcare by respecting the patients' wishes and expectations.

  17. Affirmative Action in Romania's Higher Education: Roma Students' Perceived Meanings and Dilemmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantea, Maria-Carmen

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative paper explores Roma students' perceptions on the policy of assigning "special places" for Roma in Romania's universities. Findings suggest that Roma see themselves as occupying a precarious social space, concerned not as much to hide perceived merit violation but to handle (alleged) inadequacies given by their…

  18. Involvement of Roma Parents in Children's Education in Croatia: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pahic, Tea; Vidovic, Vlasta Vizek; Miljevic-Ridicki, Renata

    2011-01-01

    This article compares Roma and mainstream parents' involvement in the education of their children, based on Epstein's six-dimensional model of parent-school partnership. The survey was conducted in Croatia on two sub-samples: 60 Roma parents and 908 mainstream parents. Results suggest that Roma parents show lower interest in participating in…

  19. Effects of a Dialogue-Based Program to Improve Emotion Knowledge in Spanish Roma Preschoolers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Quintanilla, Laura; Ojeda, Vanesa; Lucas-Molina, Beatriz

    2017-01-01

    Romas are one of the largest minority groups in Spain and Europe, but no specific data on children's socioemotional learning are available. Our goal was to determine the level of socioemotional knowledge of a group of 4- and 5-year-old Roma children and to implement an intervention program at school. Forty-three Roma children participated…

  20. Effects of a Dialogue-Based Program to Improve Emotion Knowledge in Spanish Roma Preschoolers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Quintanilla, Laura; Ojeda, Vanesa; Lucas-Molina, Beatriz

    2017-01-01

    Romas are one of the largest minority groups in Spain and Europe, but no specific data on children's socioemotional learning are available. Our goal was to determine the level of socioemotional knowledge of a group of 4- and 5-year-old Roma children and to implement an intervention program at school. Forty-three Roma children participated…

  1. Rethinking the Role of Pedagogical Assistants: Establishing Cooperation between Roma Families and Schools in Serbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starcevic, Jelena; Dimitrijevic, Bojana; Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present paper is to examine the risks and challenges related to the cooperation of pedagogical assistants (PAs) with Roma parents/families and their work with Roma pupils, as well as to offer further insight into ways to overcome these risks and challenges. Roma pupils and parents/families face numerous difficulties in education,…

  2. Pre-Primary Education of Roma Children in Serbia: Barriers and Possibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica

    2013-01-01

    In Serbia, as in the other countries of the Western Balkans and South-Eastern Europe, the most disadvantaged communities belong to the Roma minority. The present paper demonstrates the conditions of Roma preschool children in Serbia: primarily their early education, but also habitation and health in Roma settlements. The data highlight the…

  3. Affirmative Action in Romania's Higher Education: Roma Students' Perceived Meanings and Dilemmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantea, Maria-Carmen

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative paper explores Roma students' perceptions on the policy of assigning "special places" for Roma in Romania's universities. Findings suggest that Roma see themselves as occupying a precarious social space, concerned not as much to hide perceived merit violation but to handle (alleged) inadequacies given by their…

  4. Involvement of Roma Parents in Children's Education in Croatia: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pahic, Tea; Vidovic, Vlasta Vizek; Miljevic-Ridicki, Renata

    2011-01-01

    This article compares Roma and mainstream parents' involvement in the education of their children, based on Epstein's six-dimensional model of parent-school partnership. The survey was conducted in Croatia on two sub-samples: 60 Roma parents and 908 mainstream parents. Results suggest that Roma parents show lower interest in participating in…

  5. European Policies for Social Inclusion of Roma: Catch 22?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Marushiakova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes contemporary political discourses with regard to social inclusion of Roma on the basis of comparison with achievements and failures in the previous historical period of the communist rule in Eastern Europe. It argues that since the vast majority of the European Roma had lived in the past and continue living nowadays in the countries of Eastern Europe, no successful policy for their inclusion is possible without taking into account the experiences and outcomes of the actions for Roma integration in the socialist period. The experience from the times of socialism shows that successful policies are possible only in an appropriate socio-political context and only if accomplished within the mainstream approach. Against this background, the article scrutinizes the European Policies for Social Inclusion of Roma, and explains why they present a Catch 22 situation: There is a vicious cycle of problems which need to be solved; the solution requires a special policy for inclusion, however this policy stigmatizes Roma and sets them even more apart from the rest of society. Thus the vicious cycle of problems expands. The main point of the article is to propose an explanation of this failure of democracy and liberalism, which could constitute a useful lesson for the future.

  6. Shame and Anxiety Feelings of a Roma Population in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouva, M; Mentis, M; Kotrotsiou, S; Paralikas, Th; Kotrotsiou, E

    2015-12-01

    Shame is a crucial issue for Roma. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the severity of shame and anxiety feelings in a Roma population living in Greece and assess the differentiation of these feelings between Roma men and women. A quota sample of 194 Roma adult men and women living in Southern Greece was retrieved. The Experiences of Shame Scale (ESS), the Other As Shamer Scale (OAS) and the Spielberg's State/Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires were used. Women scored statistically significantly higher than men on ESS, whereas men scored higher on OAS scale (52.27 ± 16.91 vs 45.42 ± 9.98 and 35.93 ± 16.94 vs 30.87 ± 13.72 respectively). Women scored higher than men in both STAI subscales, however significant differences were observed only in State Anxiety scale (48.83 ± 9.26 vs 43.20 ± 9.81). OAS total score was inversely related to state anxiety, whereas ESS total score was positive related to trait anxiety, all correlations being significant at p Roma men and women exhibit high levels of shame and anxiety. Cultural, social and minority issues contribute to feelings of inferiority and anxiety experience.

  7. La vocación imperialista de la Roma republicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Ballesteros Sánchez-Tirado

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Un buen número de autores, seguidores de la estela historiográfica del siglo XIX, defienden la tesis de que Roma jamás tuvo intención de convertirse en un imperio y que éste le vino rodado. Argumentan que su política jamás tuvo tintes expansionistas, sino exclusivamente defensivos o, utilizando un término actual, preventivos y defienden que Roma se vio forzada a ser imperio en contra de su voluntad, e incluso de sus más íntimas convicciones. En este artículo se pone de manifiesto que, en realidad, Roma tuvo una vocación expansionista similar, y muchas veces superior, a todas los imperios que le precedieron y que su éxito se debió en gran parte a su fortísima vocación de poder.

  8. The Roma: People without a Home or Grave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Klopčič

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Although the Roma have been living in Europe for centuries, they still face rejection by majority populations, being treated as undesirable strangers in almost all European countries. Written evidence of their arrival can be traced back to the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. There are many legends and myths about their origins and reasons for emigrating from their country of origin. Until recently, the Roma transmitted their own history only as oral tradition. One of the best-known contemporary Roma intellectuals, journalist and writer Rajko Djurić, picturesquely explains the importance of the Romany language for further exploration of Roma culture and their origin: “Romany is the only book they brought from India; it constitutes their collective memory and reflects the views of this people, to themselves, to the world, and to other peoples. Their language is an inventory of the material and spiritual culture to which they once belonged, and contains elements of culture of other peoples that they came into contact with during their long and yet insufficiently studied journey.” When the Roma arrived in Europe, their lifestyle differed significantly from that of other European peoples. As a result, majorities and other groups in Europe intervened in their lives for centuries. They were forced to abandon their nomadic way of life. In the past, authorities often expelled them from their territory and they did not enjoy legal protection when violence or crimes were committed against them. Living in isolated settlements, excluded from social life, segregated, and discriminated against by others, they lived on the margins as a people without a home or a grave. At the same time, they established their parallel world as a system of social norms valid within their community, and within it all non-Roma were perceived as gadje ‘outsiders’. Roma legends explain the reasons for their nomadic way of life: they contain stories of persecution and

  9. Roma in Serbia after the Collapse of Yugoslavia: Political implications and media silence on racial violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša SIMEUNOVIĆ BAJIĆ

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to clarify the Roma issue in Serbia. Media representations of attacks against Roma are very important. The Roma are marginalized members of Serbian society. They are often the victims of violence and discrimination that are related to stereotypes and prejudice about Roma ”otherness”. The media paid special attention to the murder of Duško Jovanović in 1997 because it was the first official murder based on racial hatred. This case study shows that the topics of the assassination of the Roma are no more attractive to the media and that the “spiral of silence” occupies an important role.

  10. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in relation to metabolic syndrome in the Roma population compared with the non-Roma population in the eastern part of Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedacko, Ján; Pella, Daniel; Jarcuska, Peter; Siegfried, Leonard; Janicko, Martin; Veselíny, Eduard; Pella, Jozef; Sabol, Frantisek; Jarcuska, Pavol; Mareková, Mária; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Pazinka, Peter; Jankajová, Monika; Kmec, Ján; Babcák, Marián; Kalanin, Peter; Drazilová, Sylvia; Babinská, Ingrid; Cecetková, Beáta

    2014-03-01

    Obesity-induced metabolic syndrome is a multiple risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and type 2 diabetes, and ethnic minorities seem to have unfavourable medical risk factors in general more frequently than majority populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in relation to metabolic syndrome in the Roma population compared with the non-Roma population residing in the eastern part of Slovakia. 123 Roma and 79 non-Roma patients with metabolic syndrome were evaluated. Men between 40-55 years of age had 4.76-times higher odds and women 5.26-times higher odds for metabolic sydrome compared with the younger population. We found statistically significant higher waist circumference in the Roma subpopulation and higher body mass index as well, although in selected population with metabolic syndrome. HDL cholesterol was significantly lower in both Roma men and women, and LDL cholesterol was not significant in men and women with metabolic syndrome. Triglycerides levels were significantly higher in non-Roma women only. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) values were not in correlation with age but were associated with the increasing number of fulfilled criteria for metabolic syndrome in both subgroups (Roma, non-Roma), independently of gender. Our study confirmed higher prevalence of obesity, metabolic syndrome and other CV risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome among younger Roma population, which may be associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality among elderly Roma compared with non-Roma.

  11. Pier Luigi Nervi. Palacio de deportes, en Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U., J. J.

    1958-02-01

    Full Text Available El nuevo palacio de los deportes que se ha construido en Roma, Vía Tiziano, tiene una estructura resistente de hormigón armado; sus principales elementos han sido prefabricados y se ha cubierto con un casquete de forma esférica. Esta obra, de rico sabor arquitectónico, en la que se ha acentuado una vez más la necesaria identificación estructural y arquitectónica, tiene por objeto hacer frente a las necesidades que crea la proximidad de, la XVII Olimpiada, que ha de efectuarse en Roma.

  12. Insultar con gestos en la Roma antigua y hoy

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Este articulo trata sobre el uso de algunos emblemas (esto es, gestos que, en una cultura determinada, tienen un equivalente verbal inequívoco) en la Roma clásica y su pervivencia en la época actual. Son estudiados, en concreto, los emblemas que expresan burla e insulto. Se analizan seis gestos; cuatro de ellos eran ya utilizados en Roma como gestos de mofa o insulto (imitar a la cigüeña, hacer orejas de asno, sacar la lengua y mostrar el dedo corazón); se incluyen además dos gestos que eran ...

  13. Antenatal characteristics of Roma female population in Virovitica-Podravina County, Croatia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šegregur, Domagoj

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Introduction This study reports about antenatal characteristics of Roma minority population. The study was designed to investigate data about health behaviours known to be associated with reproductive outcomes of Roma women that have very good living conditions and relatively high resource availability. Methods A retrospective study included 204 Roma and 408 non-Roma hospitalised singleton births that occurred in the Maternity Ward of the General Hospital Virovitica in the period from 1991 to 2010. Data about women’s age, marital status, smoking, reproductive health (abortions, delivery), antenatal care, perinatal complications and gestational age were taken from hospital records and analysed. Results Roma women were averagely more than three years younger than non-Roma women, only 10.8% were married. Smoking was more frequent. The average number of births of Roma and non-Roma women was similar, averagely two children per woman. The rate of induced abortions in the Roma women was higher, while the frequency of spontaneous abortions was equal. Inadequate antenatal care of Roma women was associated with two times higher incidence of perinatal complications. A higher frequency of deliveries at home without professional assistance in Roma pregnancy resulted in lower perinatal outcomes. It was confirmed that Roma mothers give birth earlier (38+6 vs. 39+4 weeks) and have a higher incidence of premature births (9.3% vs. 2.2%). Conclusions In the comparison of antenatal parameters between the two researched groups, poorer prenatal outcomes in the Roma population were found, despite full integration and considerable improvement in living standards of this ethnic Roma population. PMID:28289463

  14. Giuseppe Cafiero sulle orme di Joyce a Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla De Petris

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In 2006 Giuseppe Cafiero published James Joyce, Roma & altre storie, a novel with thriller-like undertones that weaves stories around the author of Ulysses. In her conversation with the author, Carla de Petris investigates the genesis of the novel and reflects on the post-modernist stances of its complex plot.

  15. From Policy to Practice: Roma Education in Albania and Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avery, Helen; Hoxhallari, Itena

    2017-01-01

    This paper aims to make a contribution to recentering practice- and practitioner-oriented issues in Roma education studies. Gaps can be observed today between conditions of educational work in practice and the ways education is understood in mainstream academic discussions, compounded by the fact that educational workers in the field have limited…

  16. Education of Roma Youth in Hungary: Schools, Identities and Belonging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunajeva, Jekatyerina

    2017-01-01

    Historically, schools have been homogenizing institutions that often disadvantaged people of color and ethnic and religious minorities. In this article I examine Roma education in Hungary, focusing on (re)production of racial identities and the negotiation of ethnic labels. I distinguish two models of education as they relate to ideas of…

  17. Roma Mediators in Europe: A New Council of Europe Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2012-01-01

    In several European countries the number of the Roma represents approximately 10% of the total population. Due to the global economic crisis, the rise of the far right in places like Hungary, and failed policies of the past, their present social and economic situation continues to become more vulnerable. Mediation is one of the measures used…

  18. Creativity and Anxiety in Roma and Serbian Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spasic, Miljana

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we present a research whose aim was to investigate the relationship between creativity and anxiety during the period of early adolescence. Furthermore, we were interested in discovering potential differences among Roma and Serbian adolescents at the level of creativity, situational and general anxiety. The sample consisted of 60…

  19. Origins, admixture and founder lineages in European Roma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez-Cruz, B.; Mendizabal, I.; Harmant, C.; Pablo, R. de; Ioana, M.; Angelicheva, D.; Kouvatsi, A.; Makukh, H.; Netea, M.G.; Pamjav, H.; Zalan, A.; Tournev, I.; Marushiakova, E.; Popov, V.; Bertranpetit, J.; Kalaydjieva, L.; Quintana-Murci, L.; Comas, D.

    2016-01-01

    The Roma, also known as 'Gypsies', represent the largest and the most widespread ethnic minority of Europe. There is increasing evidence, based on linguistic, anthropological and genetic data, to suggest that they originated from the Indian subcontinent, with subsequent bottlenecks and undetermined

  20. Roma Mediators in Europe: A New Council of Europe Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2012-01-01

    In several European countries the number of the Roma represents approximately 10% of the total population. Due to the global economic crisis, the rise of the far right in places like Hungary, and failed policies of the past, their present social and economic situation continues to become more vulnerable. Mediation is one of the measures used…

  1. Handbook for Improving the Living Conditions of Roma

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank; European Commission

    2014-01-01

    A disproportionately large number of Roma in Europe today face deep poverty, social exclusion, and poor living conditions. Improving these is critical to achieving the targets of the Europe 2020 Strategy, the European Union s 10-year growth strategy, which aims to reduce poverty, social exclusion, early school leaving, and increase school attainment and employment by 2020. The EU Framework...

  2. Reconstructing the Indian origin and dispersal of the European Roma: a maternal genetic perspective.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Mendizabal

    Full Text Available Previous genetic, anthropological and linguistic studies have shown that Roma (Gypsies constitute a founder population dispersed throughout Europe whose origins might be traced to the Indian subcontinent. Linguistic and anthropological evidence point to Indo-Aryan ethnic groups from North-western India as the ancestral parental population of Roma. Recently, a strong genetic hint supporting this theory came from a study of a private mutation causing primary congenital glaucoma. In the present study, complete mitochondrial control sequences of Iberian Roma and previously published maternal lineages of other European Roma were analyzed in order to establish the genetic affinities among Roma groups, determine the degree of admixture with neighbouring populations, infer the migration routes followed since the first arrival to Europe, and survey the origin of Roma within the Indian subcontinent. Our results show that the maternal lineage composition in the Roma groups follows a pattern of different migration routes, with several founder effects, and low effective population sizes along their dispersal. Our data allowed the confirmation of a North/West migration route shared by Polish, Lithuanian and Iberian Roma. Additionally, eleven Roma founder lineages were identified and degrees of admixture with host populations were estimated. Finally, the comparison with an extensive database of Indian sequences allowed us to identify the Punjab state, in North-western India, as the putative ancestral homeland of the European Roma, in agreement with previous linguistic and anthropological studies.

  3. Characteristics of gonorrhea and syphilis cases among the Roma ethnic group in Belgrade, Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjekić, Milan; Vlajinac, Hristina; Šipetić-Grujičić, Sandra

    2016-01-01

    The Roma ethnic group is the largest and most marginalized minority in Europe, believed to be vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections. The purpose of the study was to investigate frequency and characteristics of gonorrhea and syphilis among the Roma population in Belgrade. Data from the City Institute for Skin and Venereal Diseases to which all gonorrhea and syphilis cases are referred were analyzed. During the period of 2010-2014 sexually transmitted infections were more frequent among Roma than in rest of Belgrade population. Average percentages of Roma among all reported subjects with syphilis and those with gonorrhea were 9.6% and 13.5%, respectively, while the percentage of Roma in the total Belgrade population was about 1.6%. Roma with syphilis and gonorrhea were more frequently men (75%), most frequently aged 20-29 years (43.4%), never married (64.5%), with elementary school or less (59.2%), unemployed (80.3%), and heterosexual (89.5%). Among Roma 10.5% were sex workers and 68.4% did not know the source of their infection. Significant differences between Roma cases and other cases in Belgrade in all characteristics observed were in agreement with differences between Roma population and the total population of Serbia. The present study confirmed the vulnerability of the Roma population to sexually transmitted infections. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  4. Reconstructing the Indian Origin and Dispersal of the European Roma: A Maternal Genetic Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendizabal, Isabel; Valente, Cristina; Gusmão, Alfredo; Alves, Cíntia; Gomes, Verónica; Goios, Ana; Parson, Walther; Calafell, Francesc; Alvarez, Luis; Amorim, António; Gusmão, Leonor

    2011-01-01

    Previous genetic, anthropological and linguistic studies have shown that Roma (Gypsies) constitute a founder population dispersed throughout Europe whose origins might be traced to the Indian subcontinent. Linguistic and anthropological evidence point to Indo-Aryan ethnic groups from North-western India as the ancestral parental population of Roma. Recently, a strong genetic hint supporting this theory came from a study of a private mutation causing primary congenital glaucoma. In the present study, complete mitochondrial control sequences of Iberian Roma and previously published maternal lineages of other European Roma were analyzed in order to establish the genetic affinities among Roma groups, determine the degree of admixture with neighbouring populations, infer the migration routes followed since the first arrival to Europe, and survey the origin of Roma within the Indian subcontinent. Our results show that the maternal lineage composition in the Roma groups follows a pattern of different migration routes, with several founder effects, and low effective population sizes along their dispersal. Our data allowed the confirmation of a North/West migration route shared by Polish, Lithuanian and Iberian Roma. Additionally, eleven Roma founder lineages were identified and degrees of admixture with host populations were estimated. Finally, the comparison with an extensive database of Indian sequences allowed us to identify the Punjab state, in North-western India, as the putative ancestral homeland of the European Roma, in agreement with previous linguistic and anthropological studies. PMID:21264345

  5. Biomarkers associated with obesity and overweight in the Roma population residing in eastern Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrásová, Darina; Bertková, Izabela; Petrásová, Miroslava; Hijová, Emília; Mareková, Mária; Babinská, Ingrid; Jarcuska, Peter; Pella, Daniel; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová

    2014-03-01

    Obesity and overweight are major contributors to the global burden of chronic diseases and disability in both majority and minority populations. Data from the cross-sectional population-based HepaMeta study conducted in Slovakia in 2011 were used. The sample comprised a total of 452 Roma. Measurements of special bioactive mediators were taken in final groups consisting of 63 male Roma respondents (mean age = 32.59; SD = 8.63) and 117 female Roma respondents (mean age = 34.55; SD = 8.35). Respondents were divided into three groups: those with normal weight, those with overweight and obese. Values for anthropometric parameters, lipids parameters, C-reactive protein, TNF-alpha, IL-6, leptin, and adiponectin were determined. 27.6% of examined Roma females and 26.9% of males were overweight. Obesity (BMI > 30.0 kg/m2) appeared in a higher proportion of males (28.8%) compared with female (26.5%). Mean levels of total cholesterol, triacylglycerol and LDL-cholesterol were significantly elevated in the overweight and obese subjects compared to normal-weight Roma respondents. The relation was reversed for HDL-C level, with significantly decreased levels in both male and female obese Roma (p Roma male p Roma female p Roma significantly with increasing BMI. The study is the first one to provide data about selected biomarkers. Results may be useful in predicting obesity and its related diseases in the Roma population from the eastern part of Slovakia.

  6. Reconstructing the Indian origin and dispersal of the European Roma: a maternal genetic perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendizabal, Isabel; Valente, Cristina; Gusmão, Alfredo; Alves, Cíntia; Gomes, Verónica; Goios, Ana; Parson, Walther; Calafell, Francesc; Alvarez, Luis; Amorim, António; Gusmão, Leonor; Comas, David; Prata, Maria João

    2011-01-10

    Previous genetic, anthropological and linguistic studies have shown that Roma (Gypsies) constitute a founder population dispersed throughout Europe whose origins might be traced to the Indian subcontinent. Linguistic and anthropological evidence point to Indo-Aryan ethnic groups from North-western India as the ancestral parental population of Roma. Recently, a strong genetic hint supporting this theory came from a study of a private mutation causing primary congenital glaucoma. In the present study, complete mitochondrial control sequences of Iberian Roma and previously published maternal lineages of other European Roma were analyzed in order to establish the genetic affinities among Roma groups, determine the degree of admixture with neighbouring populations, infer the migration routes followed since the first arrival to Europe, and survey the origin of Roma within the Indian subcontinent. Our results show that the maternal lineage composition in the Roma groups follows a pattern of different migration routes, with several founder effects, and low effective population sizes along their dispersal. Our data allowed the confirmation of a North/West migration route shared by Polish, Lithuanian and Iberian Roma. Additionally, eleven Roma founder lineages were identified and degrees of admixture with host populations were estimated. Finally, the comparison with an extensive database of Indian sequences allowed us to identify the Punjab state, in North-western India, as the putative ancestral homeland of the European Roma, in agreement with previous linguistic and anthropological studies.

  7. Characteristics of gonorrhea and syphilis cases among the Roma ethnic group in Belgrade, Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan Bjekić

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Roma ethnic group is the largest and most marginalized minority in Europe, believed to be vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections. Aim The purpose of the study was to investigate frequency and characteristics of gonorrhea and syphilis among the Roma population in Belgrade. Methods Data from the City Institute for Skin and Venereal Diseases to which all gonorrhea and syphilis cases are referred were analyzed. Results During the period of 2010–2014 sexually transmitted infections were more frequent among Roma than in rest of Belgrade population. Average percentages of Roma among all reported subjects with syphilis and those with gonorrhea were 9.6% and 13.5%, respectively, while the percentage of Roma in the total Belgrade population was about 1.6%. Roma with syphilis and gonorrhea were more frequently men (75%, most frequently aged 20–29 years (43.4%, never married (64.5%, with elementary school or less (59.2%, unemployed (80.3%, and heterosexual (89.5%. Among Roma 10.5% were sex workers and 68.4% did not know the source of their infection. Significant differences between Roma cases and other cases in Belgrade in all characteristics observed were in agreement with differences between Roma population and the total population of Serbia. Conclusion The present study confirmed the vulnerability of the Roma population to sexually transmitted infections.

  8. The health status of Roma children--a medical or social issue?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djurovic, D; Prcic, S; Milojkovic, M; Konstantinidis, G; Tamburlini, G

    2014-01-01

    Most studies dealing with health problems of the Roma population suggests that a low economic status significantly contributes to their overall poor health. In Serbia, Roma people are members of a marginalized ethnic group with a low socioeconomic status which contributes to their much higher morbidity and mortality rate compared with the majority population. The questions we asked in this paper were: Are Roma children discriminated during hospital care? Do they get the same treatment as the non-Roma children? To answer these questions, we examined medical records of 59 Roma children and compared with 59 records of non-Roma children in order to determine whether there are any differences in the health status, as well as the length, course, outcome, and cost of treatment. Roma children have statistically significant more comorbidity, more malnutritions, more skin diseases (especially parasitic and fungal infections) and were more frequently anemic. Also, the length of hospitalization of Roma children was significantly higher, as well as the number of laboratory tests performed and number of drugs prescribed, which contribute to the significantly higher costs of treatment for Roma children compared to non-Roma children. However, a significantly lower number of Roma children were discharged as "completely cured". The results of our study does not support hypothesis of discrimination of Roma children concerning medical treatment in observed hospital. At the same time, our results suggests that social interventions (e.g. hygienic housing, water supply, etc.) and prevention measures could prevent necessity of hospitalized treatment of Roma children and could diminish the drain on the health budget spent on treating the consequences of social neglect.

  9. Risk factors for childhood malnutrition in Roma settlements in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janevic Teresa

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Children living in Roma settlements in Central and Eastern Europe face extreme levels of social exclusion and poverty, but their health status has not been well studied. The objective of this study was to elucidate risk factors for malnutrition in children in Roma settlements in Serbia. Methods Anthropometric and sociodemographic measures were obtained for 1192 Roma children under five living in Roma settlements from the 2005 Serbia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey. Multiple logistic regression was used to relate family and child characteristics to the odds of stunting, wasting, and underweight. Results The prevalence of stunting, wasting, and underweight was 20.1%, 4.3%, and 8.0%, respectively. Nearly all of the children studied fell into the lowest quintile of wealth for the overall population of Serbia. Children in the lowest quintile of wealth were four times more likely to be stunted compared to those in the highest quintile, followed by those in the second lowest quintile (AOR = 2.1 and lastly by those in the middle quintile (AOR = 1.6. Children who were ever left in the care of an older child were almost twice as likely to stunted as those were not. Children living in urban settlements showed a clear disadvantage with close to three times the likelihood of being wasted compared to those living in rural areas. There was a suggestion that maternal, but not paternal, education was associated with stunting, and maternal literacy was significantly associated with wasting. Whether children were ever breastfed, immunized or had diarrhoeal episodes in the past two weeks did not show strong correlations to children malnutrition status in this Roma population. Conclusions There exists a gradient relationship between household wealth and stunting even within impoverished settlements, indicating that among poor and marginalized populations socioeconomic inequities in child health should be addressed. Other areas on which to focus

  10. Lived experience of vulnerability from a Gypsy Roma Traveller perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heaslip, Vanessa; Hean, Sarah; Parker, Jonathan

    2016-07-01

    To describe the lived experience of vulnerability of individuals within a Gypsy Roma Travelling community. People experience vulnerability whenever their health or usual functioning is compromised. This may increase when they enter unfamiliar surroundings, situations or relationships. One's experience of vulnerability can also be heightened through interactions between the individual and the society within which they live. Gypsy Roma Travellers are often identified as vulnerable owing to increased morbidity and mortality as well as their marginalised status within society. Yet little is known of the experiences of vulnerability by the individuals themselves. Without their stories and experiences, health professionals cannot effectively develop services that meet their needs. This descriptive phenomenological study sought to explore the lived experience of vulnerability in a Gypsy Roma Travelling community. Seventeen Gypsy Roma Travellers were interviewed in 2013-2014 about their experiences of feeling vulnerable. This paper reports on the findings from the depth phase in which 13 individuals were interviewed. The interviews were conducted and analysed using Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological approach. Six constituents of the phenomenon of vulnerability were identified as feeling: defined and homogenised as a group; pressurised to conform to live in a particular way; split in one's identity; a loss of one's heritage; discriminated, persecuted and threatened; and powerlessness. There is a wealth of evidence that Gypsy Roma Travellers experience high levels of morbidity and mortality, which has led to them being identified by health professionals and policy makers as a vulnerable community. Exploring their lived experience of vulnerability presents a different perspective regarding this concept and can help explain why they may experience poorer levels of physical and mental health. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Roma Women's Perspectives on End-of-Life Decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peinado-Gorlat, Patricia; Castro-Martínez, Francisco Javier; Arriba-Marcos, Beatriz; Melguizo-Jiménez, Miguel; Barrio-Cantalejo, Inés

    2015-12-01

    Spain's Roma community has its own cultural and moral values. These values influence the way in which end-of-life decision-making is confronted. The objective of this study was to explore the perspective of Roma women on end-of-life decision-making. It was a qualitative study involving thirty-three Roma women belonging to groups for training and social development in two municipalities. We brought together five focus groups between February and December 2012. Six mediators each recruited five to six participants. We considered age and care role to be the variables that can have the most influence on opinion regarding end-of-life decision-making. We considered the discussion saturated when the ideas expressed were repeated. Data analysis was carried out according to five steps: describing, organizing, connecting, corroborating/legitimating, and representing the account. The main ideas gleaned from the data were as follows: (1) the important role of the family in end-of-life care, especially the role of women; (2) the large influence of community opinion over personal or family decisions, typical of closed societies; (3) the different preferences women had for themselves compared to that for others regarding desired end-of-life care; (4) unawareness or rejection of advance directives. Roma women wish for their healthcare preferences to be taken into account, but "not in writing." The study concluded that the success of end-of-life healthcare in Roma families and of their involvement in the making of healthcare decisions depends upon considering and respecting their idiosyncrasy.

  12. Roma Ordusunda Beslenme Düzeni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olcay TURAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tarih boyunca ortaya çıkmış önemli devletlerin tamamı varlıklarını korumak ve sürdürebilmek için güçlü silahlı kuvvetlere ihtiyaç duymuşlardır. Bir ordunun savaşta ve barışta güçlü olmasını sağlayan pek çok etken söz konusudur. Komuta kademesinin becerisi, uygulanan taktikler, çağa ayak uydurabilme becerisi ve kullandıkları silah araç ve gereçleri bir ordunun güçlü olabilmesinin en önemli faktörleri asında yer almaktadır. Fakat tüm bu şartlar sağlanmış olsa bile sürdürülebilir bir lojistik olmadan başarısızlık kaçınılmaz olacaktır. Bu bağlamda Roma’da hem Cumhuriyet hem de İmparatorluk dönemlerinde askeri başarılar elde etmesinin temelinde sürdürülebilir bir lojistiğe sahip olması yatmaktadır. Eskiçağ tarihi içerisinde lojistikten kasıt ise askerler için gerekli yiyecek ve içeceğin temin edilmesidir. Roma da kurulduğu andan itibaren askerlerin bedensel ihtiyaçlarını gerçekleştirmek gayesi ile askerleri için gerekli her tür besin kaynağını düzenli bir şekilde sağlamıştır

  13. Differences in health-related quality of life between Roma and non-Roma coronary heart disease patients : the role of hostility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Silarova, Barbora; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Nagyova, Iveta; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between Roma and non-Roma coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, and whether differences in hostility contribute to this association. We examined 570 CHD patients (mean age 57.8, 28.1 % female) scheduled for co

  14. Differences in health-related quality of life between Roma and non-Roma coronary heart disease patients : the role of hostility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Silarova, Barbora; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Nagyova, Iveta; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    The aim of this study was to assess differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between Roma and non-Roma coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, and whether differences in hostility contribute to this association. We examined 570 CHD patients (mean age 57.8, 28.1 % female) scheduled for

  15. Birth-weight differences of Roma and non-Roma neonates--public health implications from a population-based study in Hungary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balázs, Péter; Rákóczi, Ildikó; Grenczer, Andrea; Foley, Kristie L

    2014-03-01

    This study analyses the role of ethnicity-based birth weight differences at term (37-42 weeks) between neonates of Roma and non-Roma populations in Hungary, controlling for socio-demographic and biological characteristics of the mothers. A cross-sectional survey among 9,040 mothers coupled with biometric data of the neonates was conducted in 2010. Inclusion criteria were: at term (37-42 weeks gestation) non-pathological pregnancies, and self-reported ethnicity. Birth weight was based on mothers' ethnicity, age, body mass index, education, marital and employment status, poverty level, household amenities, dietary and smoking habits using multiple linear regression. The mean difference between Roma and non-Roma neonates measured without controlling for possible confounding factors was -288.7 gram (p Roma neonates weighed on average 69.67 grams less than non-Roma neonates (p Roma ethnicity was independently correlated with lower birth-weight among at term neonates, controlling for known risk factors. Roma ethnicity may serve as a proxy for other unmeasured social or biological factors and should be considered an important covariate for measurement among neonates.

  16. Health Behaviors, Nutritional Status, and Anthropometric Parameters of Roma and Non-Roma Mothers and Their Infants in the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rambouskova, Jolana; Dlouhy, Pavel; Krizova, Eva; Prochazka, Bohumir; Hrncirova, Dana; Andel, M

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To compare maternal health behaviors, maternal nutritional status, and infant size at birth of Romas and non-Romas in the Czech Republic. Design: Maternal interviews and food frequency questionnaire, maternal blood samples, physical measurements of mothers and infants. Setting: Hospital, maternal/child care center; 2-4 days postpartum.…

  17. Accessible health care for Roma: a gypsy's tale a qualitative in-depth study of access to health care for Roma in Ghent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanssens, Lise G M; Devisch, Ignaas; Lobbestael, Janique; Cottenie, Barbara; Willems, Sara

    2016-02-29

    In general, vulnerable populations experience more problems in accessing health care. This also applies to the Roma-population. In the City of Ghent, Belgium, a relatively large group of Roma resides more or less permanently. The aim of this study is to explore the barriers this population encounters in their search for care. In this qualitative study using in-depth interviews the barriers to health care for the Roma in Ghent are explored. We interviewed 12 Roma and 13 professionals (volunteers, health care providers,...) who had regular contact with the Roma-population in Ghent. For both groups purposive sampling was used to achieve maximal variation regarding gender, age, nationality and legal status. The Roma-population in Ghent encounters various barriers in their search for care. Financial constraints, not being able to reach health care and having problems to get through the complexity of the system are some of the most critical problems. Another important finding is the crucial role of trust between patient and care provider in the care-giving process. Roma share several barriers with other minority groups, such as: financial constraints, mobility issues and not knowing the language. However, more distinctive for this group is the lack of trust in care providers and health care in general. As a result, restraint and lack of communication form serious barriers for both patient and provider in their interaction. In order to ensure equitable access for Roma, more emphasis should be on establishing a relationship of mutual respect and understanding.

  18. Health Behaviors, Nutritional Status, and Anthropometric Parameters of Roma and Non-Roma Mothers and Their Infants in the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rambouskova, Jolana; Dlouhy, Pavel; Krizova, Eva; Prochazka, Bohumir; Hrncirova, Dana; Andel, M

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To compare maternal health behaviors, maternal nutritional status, and infant size at birth of Romas and non-Romas in the Czech Republic. Design: Maternal interviews and food frequency questionnaire, maternal blood samples, physical measurements of mothers and infants. Setting: Hospital, maternal/child care center; 2-4 days postpartum.…

  19. Delinquent and Aggressive Behavior and Social Desirability Among Roma and Non-Roma Adolescents in Slovakia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Madarasova Geckova, Andrea; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; van Dijk, Jitse P

    2016-02-01

    Rates of aggression and delinquency are assumed to be higher among Roma and other minorities, but sound evidence of this is lacking. Our aim was to assess delinquent and aggressive behavior among Roma and non-Roma adolescents and the effects on ethnic differences of parental education and social desirability. We conducted a cross-sectional study among Roma from separated and segregated settlements in the eastern part of Slovakia (N = 330; Mage = 14.50; interview) and non-Roma adolescents (N = 722; Mage = 14.86; questionnaire). The effect of ethnicity on antisocial behaviors was analyzed using linear regression (crude) and adjusted for gender, parental education, and social desirability. Adjustment for social desirability diminished the ethnic differences in delinquency (B = 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [2.12, -0.04]), led to an increase in the differences in hostility (B = 2.43; 95% CI = [0.87, 3.99]), and led to the disappearance of differences in physical aggression (B = 0.45; 95% CI = [1.14, 2.07]). Parental education did not affect the associations in an important way. Our findings indicate that Roma are not that much different from non-Roma, in terms of antisocial behavior, which contradicts the general perception of Roma. Our findings should be confirmed in other settings.

  20. International Action to Prevent Discrimination: The Situation of the Roma Community in the Field of Education

    OpenAIRE

    Judtih Gimenez

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses why recent discriminatory incidents against the Roma community, one of the biggest minorities in Europe, rise in racism and anti-Roma hate speech in public discourse concerns international organizations. The first part of this article briefly outlines human rights bodies’ definition and regulation on the principle of equality and non-discrimination generally and in particular with regard to Roma education. The second part compares recent international human rights’ conc...

  1. Is the cardiovascular risk profile of people living in Roma settlements worse in comparison with the majority population in Slovakia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babinska, Ingrid; Veselska, Zuzana Dankulincova; Bobakova, Daniela; Pella, Daniel; Panico, Salvatore; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; Jarcuska, Peter; Jarcuska, Pavol; Zezula, Ivan; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova

    2013-06-01

    Roma constitute a large minority in several Central European countries, with a mostly disadvantaged societal and health position. The aim of this study was to assess biological and other cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in people living in Roma settlements and to compare them with non-Roma. We used data from the cross-sectional Hepa-Meta study conducted in Slovakia. The sample consisted of 452 Roma (mean age = 34.7, 35.2 % men) and 403 non-Roma (mean age = 33.5, 45.9 % men). The effect of ethnicity was analysed using logistic regression adjusted for age and stratified by gender. Roma were more likely to have obesity, low HDL cholesterol, normal total cholesterol, and to smoke than non-Roma. Moreover, Roma women were more likely to have abdominal obesity and Roma men to have normal LDL cholesterol than non-Roma. No significant differences by ethnicity were found regarding hypertriglyceridaemia, hyperglycaemia and hypertension. Our study confirmed higher rates of some CVD risk factors in Roma compared with non-Roma. Our findings call for interventions aiming at decreasing CVD risks and improving health literacy among Roma, to reduce CVD morbidity and premature mortality.

  2. Primary care for the Roma in Europe: Position paper of the European forum for primary care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotar Pavlič, Danica; Zelko, Erika; Vintges, Marga; Willems, Sara; Hanssens, Lise

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Roma populations’ low health status and limited access to health services, including primary care, has been documented in many European countries, and warrants specific health policies and practices. A variety of experiences shows how primary care can adjust its practices to reduce the barriers to primary care for Roma populations. At local level, establishing collaboration with Roma organisations helps primary care to improve mutual relations and quality of care. Mediation has proved to be an effective tool. Skills training of primary care practitioners may enhance their individual competences. Research and international sharing of experiences are further tools to improve primary care for the Roma people. PMID:27703542

  3. The Survival of Roma Minority Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis Therapy - A Romanian Multicenter Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadalean, Florica; Lighezan, Daniel; Stoian, Dana; Schiller, Oana; Timar, Romulus; Timar, Bogdan; Bob, Flaviu; Donciu, Mihaela Dora; Munteanu, Mircea; Mihaescu, Adelina; Covic, Adrian; Schiller, Adalbert

    2016-01-01

    The Roma minority represents the largest ethnic group in Central and South-East European countries. Data regarding the mortality in Roma hemodialysis subjects are limited. We evaluated the 3 year mortality of ESRD Roma patients treated with hemodialysis (HD). Our prospective cohort study included 600 ESRD patients on HD therapy recruited from 7 HD centers, from the main geographical regions of Romania. The median age of the patients was 56 (19) years, 332 (55.3%) being males, 51 (8.5%) having Roma ethnicity. Roma ESRD patients initiate dialysis at a younger age, 47.8 years vs. 52.3 years (P = 0.017), present higher serum albumin (P = 0.013) and higher serum phosphate levels (P = 0.021). In the Roma group, the overall 3 year mortality was higher when compared to Caucasians (33.3% vs. 24.8%). The multivariate survival analysis revealed that being of Roma ethnicity is an independent risk factor for mortality (HR = 1.74; 95% CI = 1.04-2.91; P = 0.035). Roma patients with ESRD initiate HD therapy at a younger age as compared to Caucasians. They have a higher 3 year mortality rate and are dying at a younger age. Roma ethnicity represents an independent risk factor for mortality in our cohort.

  4. Challenges in sexual and reproductive health of Roma people who live in settlements in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedlecky, Katarina; Rašević, Mirjana

    2015-04-01

    To investigate the differences in sexual and reproductive health (SRH) between Roma women of reproductive age who live in settlements and the general population of women of the same age in Serbia who do not live in settlements. The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 4 (MICS4) was administered to Roma and Serbian women and the results were compared between the two groups. In order to get a qualitative perspective, a specifically designed, short open-ended questionnaire about Roma women was given to Roma Health Mediators (RHMs). Roma women have a higher total fertility rate and adolescent birth rate, and early marriage is much more common among them. Differences are less clear regarding antenatal care and assistance during delivery from skilled personnel. Roma women more frequently rely on traditional contraception, and are less likely to use modern contraceptives than the general female population. Problems in the socio-economic sphere, poor school enrolment and maintenance of traditional patterns in Roma people living in settlements contribute to the disparities observed. Although data on the SRH of the general population of women in Serbia are far from being satisfactory, those for women who live in Roma settlements are much worse. Political actions aimed at the empowerment of Roma women in the spheres of education, employment and health promotion have been implemented with the hope that they might improve the SRH of this vulnerable population group.

  5. Geovisualización del turismo urbano. Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Girardin

    2015-03-01

    Este trabajo, presenta la oportunidad emergente que supone el uso y práctica de geo-visualizaciones que permiten revelar el "pulso de una ciudad" con la visualización de los datos espacio-temporales generados gracias a la interacción de las personas con el entorno urbano, para lo cual se georreferencian algunos fenómenos en la ciudad de Roma.

  6. Neuropsicologia, le novità dal congresso Sinp di Roma

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Tutte le novità su mente e cervello dal congresso annuale della Società Italiana di Neuropsicologia (Sinp 2012) tenutosi lo scorso Novembre presso la Fondazione Santa Lucia di Roma presentate su BrainFactor in uno "speciale" realizzato dagli studenti del Laboratorio di Comunicazione giornalistica dell'Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca. Memoria, percezione, linguaggio, semantica, afasie, sclerosi multipla, disordini di coscienza, stato vegetativo, stato di minima coscienza, Alzheimer, d...

  7. Using Participatory, Visual and Biographical Methods with Roma Youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Marcu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with drug use by young Roma as members of a marginalized population. It reflects on the use of collages and of metaphor analysis on images produced by participants within an action-research approach. Additionally, various stakeholders were involved in a participatory manner in defining research questions, priorities and strategies. In order to understand young Roma's perceptions on drugs, 23 visual focus groups and 58 life-story interviews were conducted in five European countries. In the focus groups, young people built collages to represent drugs and then explained their meanings. Metaphor analysis was used to analyze the data. With the biographical interviews, histories of consumption from drug users were gathered. Among the trends identified are the early onset of tobacco use, exposure to consumption of alcohol by adults, underestimation of the consequences of many drugs, addiction to injecting drug use in specific areas. Gender roles are strongly associated with patterns of consumption. Roma young people also express belonging and reclaim positive social status by using certain types of drugs and by sharing consumption patterns with non-minority young people. The research process also illustrates how qualitative research can contribute to selective prevention programs. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs160155

  8. Nutritional status and growth parameters of school-age Roma children in the Republic of Macedonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiroski, Igor; Dimitrovska, Zlatanka; Gjorgjev, Dragan; Mikik, Vladimir; Efremova-Stefanoska, Vesna; Naunova-Spiroska, Daniela; Kendrovski, Vladimir

    2011-06-01

    Main objective of the study was to assess the nutritional status of school age Roma children in Macedonia in order to detect precursors of possible health risks at an early age. The study was designed as a comparative case control study. Study group consisted of 229 Roma school children from the 1st and 272 from the 5th grade residing in different towns in Macedonia. The control group was recruited from other than Roma ethnic background and consisted of 283 children attending 1st and 356 children attending 5th grade. Every participant was measured for his/hers body height and weight. The t-test and Chi square (Chi2) were applied to test statistical significance of variables. The WHO's AnthroPlus software was applied to assess growth parameters and population at risk. There were significant differences in values of the body weight (p = 0.001) and height (p = 0.001) between Roma and non-Roma children attending the 1st grade of primary school. Weight-for-age, height-for-age and BMI-for-age indexes of the 1st grade children significantly differred in in the same intervals of SD (> or = -2SD and or = -1SD and median; > +1SD and Roma and non-Roma 5th graders. Anthropometric parameters of nutritional status of Roma children in Macedonia are significantly different than those of their non-Roma peers. Their health risks are predominantly related to underweight. The parameters related to health risks of overweight or obesity are lower in Roma than in non-Roma children.

  9. Psychosocial factors of coronary heart disease and quality of life among Roma coronary patients : a study matched by socioeconomic position

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Skodova, Zuzana; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Nagyova, Iveta; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Ondusova, Daniela; Studencan, Martin; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess whether psychosocial factors and health-related quality of life (HRQL) differ between Roma and non-Roma coronary patients and to what degree socioeconomic status (SES) explains these differences. We included 138 patients out of 437 interviewed: 46 Roma, all with l

  10. Inclusion, Integration or Perpetual Exclusion? A Critical Examination of the Decade of Roma Inclusion, 2005-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curcic, Svjetlana; Miskovic, Maja; Plaut, Shayna; Ceobanu, Ciprian

    2014-01-01

    A total of 12 European countries with significant Roma populations are taking part in the Decade of Roma Inclusion, 2005-2015 (the Decade). Each of these countries developed a Decade Action Plan with the aim of eliminating the marginalization and discrimination of Roma in the areas of housing, health care, employment and education. Nonetheless, as…

  11. Is the cardiovascular risk profile of people living in Roma settlements worse in comparison with the majority population in Slovakia?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Babinska, Ingrid; Veselska, Zuzana Dankulincova; Bobakova, Daniela; Pella, Daniel; Panico, Salvatore; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; Jarcuska, Peter; Jarcuska, Pavol; Zezula, Ivan; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova

    2013-01-01

    Roma constitute a large minority in several Central European countries, with a mostly disadvantaged societal and health position. The aim of this study was to assess biological and other cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in people living in Roma settlements and to compare them with non-Roma

  12. Inclusion, Integration or Perpetual Exclusion? A Critical Examination of the Decade of Roma Inclusion, 2005-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curcic, Svjetlana; Miskovic, Maja; Plaut, Shayna; Ceobanu, Ciprian

    2014-01-01

    A total of 12 European countries with significant Roma populations are taking part in the Decade of Roma Inclusion, 2005-2015 (the Decade). Each of these countries developed a Decade Action Plan with the aim of eliminating the marginalization and discrimination of Roma in the areas of housing, health care, employment and education. Nonetheless, as…

  13. Poverty and Ethnicity: A Cross-Country Study of Roma Poverty in Central Europe. World Bank Technical Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Revenga, Ana; Ringold, Dena; Tracy, William Martin

    Roma, or "gypsies," are the main poverty risk group in many countries of central and eastern Europe. Living standards for the Roma have deteriorated more severely during the region's transition to a market economy than they have for other population groups, and Roma have been poorly positioned to take advantage of emerging economic and…

  14. Exploring the social relations of Roma employability: The case of rural segregated communities in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loreni Elena Baciu

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article reports on a qualitative study of Roma employability in Romania. Being the largest ethnic minority group in Europe, the Roma population is the object of profound marginalization in most of the countries where they reside, by measures such as spatial segregation and exclusion from the formal labour market. This article focuses particularly on the Roma living in rural segregated communities. Inspired by institutional ethnography, the aim is to explore the social organization of rural Roma employability from the standpoint of the Roma themselves. The main obstacles to employment, as they are known and shared by our interviewees, are a lack of available jobs within reach, their own lack of education and a rejection by employers on the grounds of them being Roma. As the analyses show, these obstacles, and the individual’s experiences and knowledge about them, are shaped and maintained by extended translocal relations of administration and governance, thus making the rural Roma dependent on a precarious secondary labour market of low-paid day work for neighbouring farmers. The uncertainty of this work, and the organization and work of everyday life it implies for the people inhabiting these communities, further increases the distance to formal employment. It is this complex set of relations coordinating people’s doings that produce the employability of Roma inhabiting the rural segregated communities.

  15. International Action to Prevent Discrimination: The Situation of the Roma Community in the Field of Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judtih Gimenez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses why recent discriminatory incidents against the Roma community, one of the biggest minorities in Europe, rise in racism and anti-Roma hate speech in public discourse concerns international organizations. The first part of this article briefly outlines human rights bodies’ definition and regulation on the principle of equality and non-discrimination generally and in particular with regard to Roma education. The second part compares recent international human rights’ conclusions on Croatia, the Czech Republic, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Slovakia with regard to the human rights developments of the Roma minority, and to the implementation of their national anti-discrimination legislation. In addition, the latter traces the debate on the access of Roma children to education in those countries, as well as reviews the European Court of Human Rights' case law, in particular with regard to two cases of Roma segregated education in Croatia and the Czech Republic. Finally, some conclusions are drawn as to how overcome the vicious circle of poverty and discrimination faced by the Roma population, in particular in the field of Roma education.

  16. A Minority within a Minority? Social Justice for Traveller and Roma Children in ECEC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Colette

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses recent policy developments in Europe regarding Roma and Traveller integration and Early Childhood Provision. After a long history of oppression, Roma issues have recently become prominent on the EU policy agenda. The article discusses how these relate to developments in other areas of policy: the European children's rights…

  17. How to Move from Power-Based to Dialogic Relations? Lessons from Roma Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melgar, Patricia; Larena, Rosa; Ruiz, Laura; Rammel, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    In its growth strategy for the coming decade, the EU recognises the Roma as one of several groups especially affected by poverty and social vulnerability. So far, many efforts to reverse this social exclusion have failed; imposed solutions based on power relations have ignored Roma voices and suggestions from the community. As a result, the EU now…

  18. Democratic Governance for Inclusion: A Case Study of a Greek Primary School Welcoming Roma Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noula, Ioanna; Cowan, Steven; Govaris, Christos

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this paper is how changes in school governance in one state primary school in a city in central Greece have resulted in a significant degree of inclusion for Roma children. This inclusivity runs counter to the disturbing occurrence of the social and ethnic segregation of a group of locally resident Roma children within schools. This…

  19. Roma Pupils' Identification with School in Slovenia and Serbia: Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Munda, Milanka; Pecek, Mojca

    2013-01-01

    The research presented in this paper aims to challenge the belief held by some education professionals that Roma pupils do not value education. The research sample included groups of Roma pupils from two countries (Slovenia and Serbia) and from different socio-economic backgrounds. The results suggest that the majority of the pupils are aware of…

  20. Using Mixed Methods from a Communicative Orientation: Researching with Grassroots Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flecha, Ramon

    2014-01-01

    Over a decade ago, researchers in Roma studies shifted their approach, from an exclusionary stance to a more communicative one. Despite major positive changes since then, researchers still do not adequately reflect the voices of the majority of the world's Roma. In this article, we draw on a communicative mixed methods case study, conducted within…

  1. Promoting Social Justice and Enhancing Educational Success: Suggestions from Twenty Educationally Successful Roma in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gkofa, Panagiota

    2017-01-01

    In Greece, Roma pupils often experience segregation through educational settings, high dropout rates, low performance outcomes, and higher levels of non-completion when compared to their Greek (non-Roma) peers. However, a small minority do stay in school and proceed to higher education. This paper draws on a set of in-depth interviews with twenty…

  2. Different and Unequal: The Educational Segregation of Roma Pupils in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Nions, Helen

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses and welcomes the decision of the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights which held that the use of special schools for Roma pupils was contrary to the right to an education coupled with the prohibition on discrimination. The decision has wide ramifications for the education of minority, particularly Roma, pupils…

  3. Sweden's Double Decade for Roma Inclusion: An Examination of Education Policy in Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexiadou, Nafsika; Norberg, Anders

    2017-01-01

    This article analyzes the Swedish Strategy for Roma Inclusion. Drawing on interviews and documentary materials produced around the Strategy by official sources and Roma organizations, we describe its background, rationale, and evolution, as well as the rifts it has revealed around the issues of minority representation and the framing of inclusion.…

  4. A Special Challenge for Europe: The Inclusion of Roma Children in Early Years Education and Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaus, Sarah; Marsh, Adrian

    2014-01-01

    Provision of early childhood education and care (ECEC) for Roma children serves as a litmus test for the broader social inclusion agenda in Europe. The majority of Roma children and families live in substandard, often insecure and isolated housing and have limited access to quality health, social care and education services. There is a growing…

  5. Intercultural Policies and the Contradictory Views of Teachers: The Roma in Catalonian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beremenyi, Balint-Abel

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examine the contradictions and lack of consistency between various levels of discourse relating to Roma educational policies. Policy-makers have claimed that political interventions would positively impact the progress of Roma. However, the results have been mixed. We argue here that teachers need to re-evaluate their roles as…

  6. Involving Roma Parents: Analysing the Good Practice of a Primary School in Ghent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wauters, Joris; Van Mol, Christof; Clycq, Noel; Michielsen, Joris; Timmerman, Christiane

    2017-01-01

    Recently, societal and academic attention toward the topic of Roma integration has been increasing. With this article we aim to make a contribution to the domain of educational research. We explore strategies that schools can adopt to improve the involvement of Roma parents. Using a theory-based stakeholder evaluation, we more specifically analyse…

  7. International Policy and Roma Education in Europe: Essential Inputs or Centralized Distractions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ram, Melanie H.

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the case of Roma inclusion in education as a study of the ways in which international policy can and cannot bring change at the local level. I first reflect on the numerous international organizations and initiatives to improve the educational outcomes of Roma, and to reduce segregation and other non-inclusionary practices.…

  8. Primary care for the Roma in Europe: Position paper of the European forum for primary care

    OpenAIRE

    de Graaf Pim; Rotar Pavlič Danica; Zelko Erika; Vintges Marga; Willems Sara; Hanssens Lise

    2016-01-01

    Roma populations’ low health status and limited access to health services, including primary care, has been documented in many European countries, and warrants specific health policies and practices. A variety of experiences shows how primary care can adjust its practices to reduce the barriers to primary care for Roma populations.

  9. State of Impunity: Human Rights Abuse of Roma in Romania. Country Reports Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahn, Claude; Petrova, Dimitrina

    This report documents civil violations and discriminatory actions against Roma in Romania, contending that, due to the Romanian government's inadequate efforts to bring perpetrators of anti-Romani crimes to justice and to eradicate discrimination against Roma, a climate of impunity surrounding anti-Romani actions has taken deep root. Chapter 1…

  10. Support Programmes for Roma Children: Do They Help or Promote Exclusion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igarashi, Kazuyo

    2005-01-01

    This article critically examines current education programmes for Roma primary school students in the Czech Republic and the impact of these programmes. The research described here, based on in?depth case studies, challenges popular beliefs in the "success" of Roma oriented programmes, as well as the stereotypical negative images of Roma…

  11. Intercultural Policies and the Contradictory Views of Teachers: The Roma in Catalonian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beremenyi, Balint-Abel

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examine the contradictions and lack of consistency between various levels of discourse relating to Roma educational policies. Policy-makers have claimed that political interventions would positively impact the progress of Roma. However, the results have been mixed. We argue here that teachers need to re-evaluate their roles as…

  12. Democratic Governance for Inclusion: A Case Study of a Greek Primary School Welcoming Roma Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noula, Ioanna; Cowan, Steven; Govaris, Christos

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this paper is how changes in school governance in one state primary school in a city in central Greece have resulted in a significant degree of inclusion for Roma children. This inclusivity runs counter to the disturbing occurrence of the social and ethnic segregation of a group of locally resident Roma children within schools. This…

  13. Good Practices in Roma Education in Bulgaria during the Years of Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present good educational practices from Bulgaria that relate to Roma education. In the so-called Years of Transition, educational conditions changed considerably. Non-governmental organizations have attempted to promote high-quality education for Roma children. The Bulgarian Ministry of Education has made various…

  14. A Study on the Mothers of Roma Children Who Are a Risk Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orçan, Maide; Çiçekler, Canan Yildiz; Ari, Ramazan

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to define Roma mothers' views regarding their children's education and their tendency towards crime. The study is based on an illustrative case study method. The participants of this study are mothers of Roma children between the ages of 4 and 6 who live in Konya, Turkey--more specifically in the Yenimahalle neighborhood in the…

  15. Lessons for Life: Roma Children, Communal Practices, and the Global Marketplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christianakis, Mary

    2010-01-01

    The Roma, also known as gypsies or "tsinganoi," are amongst the oldest ethnic minorities in Europe. Nonetheless, they have been one of the most universally marginalized groups across all of the European nations. Their marginalization is evident in how Roma children have been treated in schools. Until recently, most nations have only…

  16. A Special Challenge for Europe: The Inclusion of Roma Children in Early Years Education and Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaus, Sarah; Marsh, Adrian

    2014-01-01

    Provision of early childhood education and care (ECEC) for Roma children serves as a litmus test for the broader social inclusion agenda in Europe. The majority of Roma children and families live in substandard, often insecure and isolated housing and have limited access to quality health, social care and education services. There is a growing…

  17. Using Mixed Methods from a Communicative Orientation: Researching with Grassroots Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flecha, Ramon

    2014-01-01

    Over a decade ago, researchers in Roma studies shifted their approach, from an exclusionary stance to a more communicative one. Despite major positive changes since then, researchers still do not adequately reflect the voices of the majority of the world's Roma. In this article, we draw on a communicative mixed methods case study, conducted within…

  18. Characteristics of Perinatal Infection and PregnancyOutcome of Roma and Romanian Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Annamaria Virginas; Bela Szabo; Beata Virginas

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The Roma are the second largest ethnic minority in Romania, the most socially and economicallydisadvantaged minority. There is a lack of studies on perinatal infection in Roma women. The study aimed at determining theprevalence of perinatal infection and comparing pregnancy outcome in Roma and Romanian pregnant women. Materials andmethods:In this prospective study total of 252 pregnant women were enrolled from August 1, 2012 to October 2013 at a tertiary carehospital in Targu-Mures, Romania. Women were screened for bacterial carriage on admission for premature rupture of membranes anddelivery. Insemination sample were collected from maternal cervix. Risk factors for colonization were collected by a questionnaire,coupled with data from an existing database. Results: The average age of Roma patient was 22, respectively 28 of the control group.There were more teenage pregnancies in the Roma group, Romanian women delivered more frequently after age 35. There was asignificant difference in socioeconomic status of the two groups. Roma women had less hypertension, gestational diabetes andobesity, more induced abortion, preterm deliveries and grand multiparity. The prevalence of negative test result in the Roma and thecontrol group were 75 % and 81%, respectively (p = 0.718). Conclusion: However the majority of Roma women had a lowsocioeconomic status with deficient pregnancy follow up, significant differences between the groups in the rates of the perinatalinfection were not observed. Further clinical trials are needed to confirm these findings.

  19. Different and Unequal: The Educational Segregation of Roma Pupils in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Nions, Helen

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses and welcomes the decision of the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights which held that the use of special schools for Roma pupils was contrary to the right to an education coupled with the prohibition on discrimination. The decision has wide ramifications for the education of minority, particularly Roma, pupils…

  20. A Minority within a Minority? Social Justice for Traveller and Roma Children in ECEC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Colette

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses recent policy developments in Europe regarding Roma and Traveller integration and Early Childhood Provision. After a long history of oppression, Roma issues have recently become prominent on the EU policy agenda. The article discusses how these relate to developments in other areas of policy: the European children's rights…

  1. International Policy and Roma Education in Europe: Essential Inputs or Centralized Distractions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ram, Melanie H.

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the case of Roma inclusion in education as a study of the ways in which international policy can and cannot bring change at the local level. I first reflect on the numerous international organizations and initiatives to improve the educational outcomes of Roma, and to reduce segregation and other non-inclusionary practices.…

  2. Why Roma Do Not Like Mainstream Schools: Voices of a People without Territory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claveria, Julio Vargas; Alonso, Jesus Gomez

    2003-01-01

    Proposes a new approach to educational research with the Roma people based on intersubjective dialogue and egalitarian relationships between researchers and subjects. Frames these suggestions within the context of historical discrimination against the Roma and their disaffection with schooling. (Contains 88 references.) (SK)

  3. How to Move from Power-Based to Dialogic Relations? Lessons from Roma Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melgar, Patricia; Larena, Rosa; Ruiz, Laura; Rammel, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    In its growth strategy for the coming decade, the EU recognises the Roma as one of several groups especially affected by poverty and social vulnerability. So far, many efforts to reverse this social exclusion have failed; imposed solutions based on power relations have ignored Roma voices and suggestions from the community. As a result, the EU now…

  4. Roma Pupils' Identification with School in Slovenia and Serbia: Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Munda, Milanka; Pecek, Mojca

    2013-01-01

    The research presented in this paper aims to challenge the belief held by some education professionals that Roma pupils do not value education. The research sample included groups of Roma pupils from two countries (Slovenia and Serbia) and from different socio-economic backgrounds. The results suggest that the majority of the pupils are aware of…

  5. The European Roma: minority representation, memory, and the limits of transnational governmentality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Baar, H.J.M.

    2011-01-01

    In The European Roma analyseert Huub van Baar de situatie van de Roma in het kader van de ingrijpende sociaaleconomische en politieke veranderingen die sinds 1989 in Europa hebben plaatsgevonden. De val van het communisme, de uitbreiding van de EU, neoliberalisme en de opleving van nationalisme hebb

  6. Primary care for the Roma in Europe: Position paper of the European forum for primary care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Graaf Pim

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Roma populations’ low health status and limited access to health services, including primary care, has been documented in many European countries, and warrants specific health policies and practices. A variety of experiences shows how primary care can adjust its practices to reduce the barriers to primary care for Roma populations.

  7. Roma in the Population Censuses of 1921 and 1931 on the Territory of Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijel Vojak

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The author’s aim in this paper is to analyse the demographic structure of the Roma population on the territory of Croatia, Slavonia and Međimurje in the period between the two world wars. Statistical analytic methods are applied that indicate the age, gender, educational and religious structure of the Roma population in Croatia. The number of Roma on the territory of Croatia in the period between the two world wars was somewhere between 6,000 and 15,000. Most of the Roma were permanently settled and only a small part continued to carry on a nomadic life style. According to the analysed data, the Roma population was concentrated mostly in the area of Eastern Slavonia and in Podravina, whereas Dalmatia, the Croatian littoral, Lika and Krbava had a lower proportion of Roma. The Roma population lived mostly in rural settlements; only a small part lived in urban areas: Zagreb, Karlovac and Varaždin. The author emphasises the equal proportions of males and females in the Roma population, as well as their very young age structure. The majority of the Roma population accepted the dominant religion of the population of the territory in which it settled, and thus most of the Roma declared themselves as members of the Roman Catholic Church, and only a small part as Eastern Orthodox Christians. The author notes that most Roma were illiterate, and that only a small part was totally or partially literate. He emphasises that only a third of the Roma declared themselves as members of the Roma ethnic group, which indicates a low level of mutual connections and the progress of the assimilation process. Based on the population censuses of 1921 and 1931, the author concludes that as a young, illiterate and mutually non-connected group, the Roma population found itself on the margins of Croatian society, and that precisely this marginality was to become a target of the assimilation policies implemented by the regime of the WWII Independent State of Croatia.

  8. Increasing Critical Health Literacy of Roma People trough Participatory Action Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    Evidence shows that the Roma people engage less in democratic processes than the majority population. Rather than being involved in the planning of measurements and proposals, the Roma people have been treated as a helpless group in need of expert support from the authorities. To enable Roma people...... to take a leading role in their integration process a 2-year action research was implemented in 2010-2012. The idea was to strengthen the Roma Peoples’ critical health literacy which allows them to analyze and apply health information to oppose the forces that are holding them oppressed and to take better...... control over their life situation. The objective of this paper is to discuss methodological issues based on experiences of the use of participatory research approach in increasing health literacy. Methods: The core of the intervention was ‘training of trainers’ of a group of Roma people from western...

  9. Increasing Critical Health Literacy of Roma People trough Participatory Action Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    Evidence shows that the Roma people engage less in democratic processes than the majority population. Rather than being involved in the planning of measurements and proposals, the Roma people have been treated as a helpless group in need of expert support from the authorities. To enable Roma people...... to take a leading role in their integration process a 2-year action research was implemented in 2010-2012. The idea was to strengthen the Roma Peoples’ critical health literacy which allows them to analyze and apply health information to oppose the forces that are holding them oppressed and to take better...... control over their life situation. The objective of this paper is to discuss methodological issues based on experiences of the use of participatory research approach in increasing health literacy. Methods: The core of the intervention was ‘training of trainers’ of a group of Roma people from western...

  10. Genetic and biochemical characteristics in the Roma minority in the South Bohemia Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adámková, Věra; Hubáček, Jaroslav A; Nováková, Dita; Dolák, František; Adámek, Václav; Lánská, Věra; Tóthová, Valérie; Šedová, Lenka

    2015-01-01

    At present, health characteristics of Roma minority within the Czech Republic are generally unknown. Therefore we examined a Roma population for some anthropometrical, biochemical and genetic parameters. Groups include Roma aged above 18 years (men, women), with permanent residence in the South Bohemia Region. The Roma group (302 individuals) was selected using the snowball sampling method--the same method was used to select the non-Roma control group (78 individuals) for total cholesterol and blood sugar reference values. The main non-Roma control group was selected using the quota selection method (298 individuals). All participants completed a life style questionnaire, had their body measurements taken, were weighed, had their blood pressure and heart rates measured, had a capillary blood sample taken. The non-Roma population had a lower Body Mass Index (BMI) (25.86 ± 4.23 vs. 27.45 ± 6.48 kg/m², p = 0.0004). The difference in BMI and weight was found to be associated with the MC4R gene. The values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, blood sugar did not differ with regard to the tested polymorphisms. We did not find any difference in the prevalence of MC4R or TMEM18 between groups. Despite educational efforts to introduce healthier life styles into the Roma population, there has been only limited success; as a result, Roma are very likely to suffer from premature complications of atherosclerotic processes, mostly due to theirs life style. Intensive further research is needed to improve the health conditions of the Roma minority, while still respecting their cultural differences.

  11. Genetic studies of the Roma (Gypsies: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gresham David

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Data provided by the social sciences as well as genetic research suggest that the 8-10 million Roma (Gypsies who live in Europe today are best described as a conglomerate of genetically isolated founder populations. The relationship between the traditional social structure observed by the Roma, where the Group is the primary unit, and the boundaries, demographic history and biological relatedness of the diverse founder populations appears complex and has not been addressed by population genetic studies. Results Recent medical genetic research has identified a number of novel, or previously known but rare conditions, caused by private founder mutations. A summary of the findings, provided in this review, should assist diagnosis and counselling in affected families, and promote future collaborative research. The available incomplete epidemiological data suggest a non-random distribution of disease-causing mutations among Romani groups. Conclusion Although far from systematic, the published information indicates that medical genetics has an important role to play in improving the health of this underprivileged and forgotten people of Europe. Reported carrier rates for some Mendelian disorders are in the range of 5 -15%, sufficient to justify newborn screening and early treatment, or community-based education and carrier testing programs for disorders where no therapy is currently available. To be most productive, future studies of the epidemiology of single gene disorders should take social organisation and cultural anthropology into consideration, thus allowing the targeting of public health programs and contributing to the understanding of population structure and demographic history of the Roma.

  12. La Dea Roma de Segóbriga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín ALMAGRO-GORBEA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Una hermosa escultura romana a la que hemos creído podríamos llamar desde ahora la «Dea Roma de Segóbriga», realizada en mármol blanco. Ahora ofrece una acusada pátina de color hueso. Mide 1,95 m. de altura, 0,69 de anchura máxima y 0,54 de grueso en su parte más voluminosa. Se conserva en el Museo de Cuenca.

  13. Cecílio Romaña, o sinal de Romaña e a doença de Chagas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Pinto Dias

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available Recentemente falecido em Barcelona, Cecílio Romaña foi um importante tropicologista argentino com muitas contribuições à clínica, ao controle e à patologia da doença de Chagas entre 1930 e 1960. Em 1935, Romaña tornou-se famoso por sua precisa descrição do complexo oftalmo-ganglionar, o mais típico dos sinais de porta de entrada da doença de Chagas humana, sinal este que logo ficou conhecido em toda a América Latina com o nome de "sinal de Romaña", por proposição de dois pesquisadores brasileiros, Emmanuel Dias e Evandro Chagas. O achado de Romaña causou enorme polêmica com o grande Salvador Mazza, que não reconheceu a especificidade do sinal e, muito menos, aceitou a proposta nomenclatura. Estes fatos são relatados no presente artigo, que homenageia Cecílio Romaña e destaca o enorme impacto de sua descoberta para o conhecimento da doença de Chagas aguda em toda sua área endêmica.Cecílio Romaña was an important Argentinean researcher dedicated to tropical diseases in the period 1930-1960, recently died in Barcelona. Working mainly on the epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of American trypanosomiasis, Romaña became very famous in 1935 when he accurately described the most typical portal recognized in all the endemic area with the cognomen of "Romaña sign". This description caused an enormous polemic with Romaña's then director, the great Salvador Mazza, who never accepted the specificity of the sign and, much less, its popular name (which was proposed by the Brazilian researchers Emmanuel Dias and Evandro Chagas. This history is briefly summarized in the present article, as well as the great impact of Romaña's discovery in the recognition of the acute Chagas' disease in all the endemic area.

  14. THE IMPACT OF CULTURE ON HEALTHCARE SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF KALDERASH ROMA. A QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel ROMAN

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Some ethnic groups, as the Roma, are thought to have different healthcare seeking behaviour. This paper aims to provide findings on the attitudes, preferences, expectations and concerns of a Roma ethnic group (Kalderash regarding inpatient hospitalization. The findings focus on a series of data analysed from semi-structured interviews with 23 Kalderash patients and caregivers from Zanea community (county of Iasi, north-eastern part of Romania. Kalderash people have negative attitudes towards hospitalization and report significant anxieties. The findings reveal specificities related to patients’ ethnic background, cultural views and communication barriers. For their part, Roma are often suspicious of non-Roma people and institutions. Roma ideas about hospital are closely related to notions of purity and impurity. These basic concepts affect everyday life during inpatient hospitalization, including the way Roma deal with eating and washing, physicians and treatments, or coping with illness and death. When they seek medical care, Roma often come into conflict with medical personnel who find their behaviour confusing and demanding. Roma’s cultural beliefs and attitudes underlie their behaviour when they are being confronted with a serious illness and are seeking inpatient medical care. Attention to cultural diversity does matter, as this should lead to different medical behavioural patterns.

  15. The Roma as a Protected Minority? Policies and Best Practices in the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Lipott

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Roma people are one of the most heterogeneous minority groups in Europe, encompassing a broad variety of cultural traits and linguistic diversity, resulting in numerous sub-groups and fragmented identities. However, the group defines itself as a 'unified non- territorial transnational nation'. The most recent developments at European level show an increasing willingness to adopt minority rights documents directed to autochthonous minorities. This has provided also the Roma, or part of them, with opportunities to be granted effective protection with support in the rights-based approach. The following paper will focus on the issue of Roma minority protection in the EU. The first two sections introduce the key features present in the debate regarding Roma minorities, highlighting the in-group diversity. The third one analyses the different legal status of the Roma communities in the EU. The fourth section highlights the importance of a framework instrument for the protection of territorial minorities at a macro-regional level. The fifth part gives an overview on the European Roma policy and the sixth section looks at best practices in Europe as far as protection of Roma is concerned: lessons can be learned, in this respect, from Slovenia and Sweden. The level of protection will be analysed at both theoretical and empirical level, through the help of the results of a small scale research carried out among minority members.

  16. Policies to improve the health and well-being of Roma people: the European experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fésüs, Gabriella; Östlin, Piroska; McKee, Martin; Ádány, Róza

    2012-04-01

    The Roma constitute the largest ethnic minority in the European Region. The many policy initiatives designed over the past two decades to tackle their adverse social conditions in Central and South Eastern Europe, where the Roma population is concentrated, have had limited success. This paper reviews what is being done to improve the health and social situation of Roma communities in the Region and identifies factors that may limit the effectiveness of these policy initiatives. Strong political commitment, measures to overcome prejudices against Roma, inter-sectoral policy coordination, adequate budgets, evidence-based policies, and Roma involvement can be identified as key preconditions for improved health outcomes and well-being. However, developing a sound evidence-based approach to Roma inclusion requires removing obstacles to the collection of reliable data and improving analytical and evaluation capacity. Health policies seeking to reduce health inequalities for Roma people need to be aligned with education, economic, labour market, housing, environmental and territorial development policies and form part of comprehensive policy frameworks allowing for effective integration.

  17. Collective identity and well-being of Bulgarian Roma adolescents and their mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Radosveta; Chasiotis, Athanasios; Bender, Michael; van de Vijver, Fons J R

    2014-03-01

    In Europe and specifically in Bulgaria, Roma represent the largest indigenous ethnic minority exposed to severe discrimination, social exclusion, poverty, and compromised well-being. To improve their conditions, identifying sources of psychological well-being for Roma is theoretically relevant and practically important. This study investigated the relation between ethnic, familial, and religious identities as salient collective identity components for psychological well-being among 194 Roma adolescents (age: M = 16.11 years, SD = 1.36) and their mothers (age: M = 35.95 years, SD = 3.54). The results indicated that in line with marginalization models of acculturation, Roma youth and their mothers showed a low endorsement of both Bulgarian mainstream and Roma ethnic identity. The average scores of well-being were also low. For both groups, familial identity was stronger compared to Roma, Bulgarian, and religious identity. A path model showed that collective identity was a positive predictor of well-being in both adolescents and mothers and that the mothers' collective identity was a predictor of adolescent well-being. Bulgarian mainstream identity had the strongest relationship with collective identity. It is concluded that, for Roma youth and their mothers, family is an important identity domain as it represents the most salient identification source that is not challenged in their environment.

  18. Hate Speech or Genocidal Discourse? An Examination of Anti-Roma Sentiment in Contemporary Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Townsend

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Roma in contemporary Europe are the frequent targets of hate speech and discriminatory state policies. Despite being the largest minority in the European Union with a population of 10-12 million, they are frequently denied a space in European society, and are widely perceived to be unchangeable and inherently ‘other’. As a result, Roma experience substantially inferior life conditions when compared to majority European populations. Despite the many recent European Union initiatives and action plans, such as the Decade of Roma Inclusion (2005-2015, the situation of Roma in contemporary Europe is not improving, and in some cases is actually worsening. This persecution is not a modern phenomenon; Roma have suffered stigmatisation and exclusion throughout their history in Europe. The severity and continuity of the persecution of Roma at the hands of a multitude of European authorities suggests the presence of an underlying motivation or intent that informs both the rhetoric about and treatment of Romani people. This paper will examine if the persecution of Roma in contemporary Europe is guided by a genocidal discourse. To this end, the boundaries between hate speech, genocidal discourse, and incitement to genocide will be scrutinised. It will be argued that both the way the Roma are spoken about and the treatment they receive are informed by a genocidal discourse that has endured relatively unchanged throughout their history in Europe. Roma are not just racially vilified, rather their culture as well as their physical presence in contemporary Europe are widely devalued in both words and in state action. Any improvement in their situation is therefore unlikely while this discourse continues.

  19. Social housing and situation of Roma minority in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindita Xhillari

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The right to social housing is sanctioned as a fundamental human right in a number of international instruments ratified by Albania, but currently this right does not find adequate protection in Albania’s legislation. The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Affairs of the United Nations, has set standards concerning the right to adequate housing. The right to social housing should not be equated with having a roof over head, but should be seen as the right to live somewhere safely and with dignity. The right to social housing should be provided to all people regardless of their income and implemented in a manner consistent with their resources. Lack of an adequate legal framework of the right to housing, today has consequences on several issues as for examples the case of the eviction of Roma to the Lake area in Tirana, lack of adequate housing, families with low income, beneficiary families by the aid schemes, homeless women victims of domestic violence, or even the category of tenants housed in former state apartments. Through this paper we will seek to cover many issues and present some recommendations for the improvement and creation of facilities for vulnerable groups such as the Roma minority, in order to meet and set objective standards regarding social housing

  20. Il cielo sopra Roma I luoghi dell’astronomia

    CERN Document Server

    Buonanno, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    L’astronomia a Roma c’è sempre stata, ma un po’ nascosta: era nei palazzi, nelle chiese o, meglio, sopra le chiese, specole disseminate lungo un percorso che oramai conoscono in pochi. I romani hanno assistito, incuriositi ed impauriti, al rogo di Giordano Bruno in un angolo di Campo de' Fiori a loro familiare, ma probabilmente non capirono bene di quale colpa fosse accusato. Non pensarono certo che si trattasse di un filosofo e di uno scienziato che aveva cercato di immaginare in che modo era fatto il mondo. Chi era questo Galileo, di cui si celebrava il processo a S. Maria sopra Minerva? Era un uomo che voleva cambiare la prospettiva del mondo e che, per questo, era stato ammonito da Roberto Bellarmino. E chi era questo gesuita, Secchi, che nel 1870 costringeva gli Italiani a privare Roma del suo Osservatorio Astronomico, visto che il Direttore non riconosceva lo Stato Italiano? Come è possibile che dopo la visita di Hitler a Mussolini alla vigilia della Guerra, la Germania decise di regalare all’...

  1. High prevalence of CYP2C19*2 allele in Roma samples: study on Roma and Hungarian population samples with review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sipeky, Csilla; Weber, Agnes; Szabo, Melinda; Melegh, Bela I; Janicsek, Ingrid; Tarlos, Greta; Szabo, Istvan; Sumegi, Katalin; Melegh, Bela

    2013-08-01

    The purpose of our study was to characterise the CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 alleles in healthy Roma and Hungarian populations. DNA of 500 Roma and 370 Hungarian subjects were genotyped for CYP2C19*2 (G681A, rs4244285) and CYP2C19*3 (G636A, rs4986893) by PCR-RFLP assay and direct sequencing. Significant differences were found comparing the Roma and Hungarian populations in CYP2C19 681 GG (63.6 vs. 75.9%), GA (31.8 vs. 23.0%), AA (4.6 vs. 1.1%), GA+AA (36.4 vs. 24.1%) and A allele frequencies (0.205 vs. 0.125) (pRoma and Hungarian samples in CYP2C19*1 (79.5 vs. 87.4%) and CYP2C19*2 (20.5 vs. 12.6%) alleles, respectively (pRoma than in Hungarians, respectively. Genotype distribution of the Roma population was similar to those of the population of North India, however, a major difference was found in the frequency of the CYP2C19*2 allele, which is likely a result of admixture with European lineages. In conclusion, the frequencies of the CYP2C19 alleles, genotypes and corresponding extensive, intermediate and poor metabolizer phenotypes studied here in the Hungarian population are similar to those of other European Caucasian populations, but display clear differences when compared to the Roma population.

  2. Roma Hip Hop as a Multiculturalist Soundtrack. R-Point: The Pedagogy of a Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Banić-Grubišić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the phenomenon of Roma hip hop in Serbia, its origins and popularization through music workshops for Roma children organized by the non-governmental organization R-Point. The paper analyzes a supposedly liberatory cultural practice, and argues that its designing „from above“, through non-governmental agencies' projects whose declarative aim is to help the Roma, actually petrifies their identity, reducing their entire cultural output to certain elements attractive to the dominant culture and traditionally recognized as „Roma“.

  3. El impacto del reglamento «Roma I» en el contrato internacional de agencia

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Grieder, Hilda

    2011-01-01

    El Reglamento «Roma I» sobre la ley aplicable a las obligaciones contractuales ha introducido modifi caciones sustanciales relevantes con respecto a su antecesor: el Convenio de Roma. Algunas de las novedades del Reglamento «Roma I» afectan al régimen general de determinación de la lex contractus, dentro del cual queda encuadrado uno de los contratos más habituales en la práctica comercial internacional de nuestros días: el contrato internacional de agencia comercial. El presente ...

  4. Sense of coherence and self-reported health among Roma people in Sweden--a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassler, Sven; Eklund, Leena

    2012-05-04

    The Roma people have been known in Europe for a 1000 years, during which they have usually been the subject of discrimination and oppression leading to isolation, powerlessness and poor health. The objective of this study is to investigate the sense of coherence (SOC) in relation to self-reported health among a group of Roma people in southwest Sweden. A cross-sectional, quantitative pilot study. A questionnaire was constructed based on the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) and was distributed among Roma people in southwest Sweden (n =102). Self-reported health was summarised in a physical score (PCS) and a mental score (MCS). Comparisons were made with a general Swedish majority population and a Sami population. The health scores were significantly lower among the Roma people compared to Swedes - PCS: Roma 46.0 (Swedes 52.0) and MCS: Roma 47.5 (Swedes 52.6). The SOC score for the Roma people (54.4) was significantly lower than that of the Swedes (65.2) and Sami (65.0). The low SOC with the Swedish majority society is a strong indication of the marginalisation and exclusion of the Roma people from mainstream society. Low scores in self-reported health among the Roma people also establishes the serious health risks the Roma people are experiencing through their present life situation.

  5. Sense of coherence and self-reported health among Roma people in Sweden – a pilot study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassler, Sven; Eklund, Leena

    2012-01-01

    Objectives The Roma people have been known in Europe for a 1000 years, during which they have usually been the subject of discrimination and oppression leading to isolation, powerlessness and poor health. The objective of this study is to investigate the sense of coherence (SOC) in relation to self-reported health among a group of Roma people in southwest Sweden. Study design A cross-sectional, quantitative pilot study. Methods A questionnaire was constructed based on the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) and was distributed among Roma people in southwest Sweden (n = 102). Self-reported health was summarised in a physical score (PCS) and a mental score (MCS). Comparisons were made with a general Swedish majority population and a Sami population. Results The health scores were significantly lower among the Roma people compared to Swedes – PCS: Roma 46.0 (Swedes 52.0) and MCS: Roma 47.5 (Swedes 52.6). The SOC score for the Roma people (54.4) was significantly lower than that of the Swedes (65.2) and Sami (65.0). Conclusions The low SOC with the Swedish majority society is a strong indication of the marginalisation and exclusion of the Roma people from mainstream society. Low scores in self-reported health among the Roma people also establishes the serious health risks the Roma people are experiencing through their present life situation. PMID:22584516

  6. The construction of the Roma female identity and the negotiation of tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavian SOFRONEA

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article constitutes itself as an insight into the construction of the Roma female identity, and the negotiation of tradition, using three fundamental concepts that most of the academic Romanian literature does not define suitably: tradition, community, and identity. The theme of this article will be analyzed from a gender perspective, in the sense that women could have a special role in the process of reconsidering tradition. The first chapter provides a theoretical perspective of Roma female identity, defining the concepts related to this issue. In the second chapter, I will apply these concepts in a case study about a group of gypsies in Pitești, Romania, analyzing the construction of identity in the case of Roma women and the negotiation of the Roma female model in education, using a qualitative approach. In conclusion, I would like to show in what sense this analysis may be useful in the development of effective public policies on the gipsy issue.

  7. Sense of coherence and self-reported health among Roma people in Sweden a pilot study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Hassler, Sven

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. The Roma people have been known in Europe for a 1000 years, during which they have usually been the subject of discrimination and oppression leading to isolation, powerlessness and poor health. The objective of this study is to investigate the sense of coherence (SOC) in relation...... to self-reported health among a group of Roma people in southwest Sweden. Study design. A cross-sectional, quantitative pilot study. Methods. A questionnaire was constructed based on the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Antonovsky’s Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) and was distributed among Roma...... people in Southwest Sweden (n102). Self-reported health was summarised in a physical score (PCS) and a mental score (MCS). Comparisons were made with a general Swedish majority population and a Sami population. Results. The health scores were significantly lower among the Roma people compared to Swedes...

  8. Access to primary healthcare services for the Roma population in Serbia: a secondary data analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Serbia has proclaimed access to healthcare as a human right. In a context wherein the Roma population are disadvantaged, the aim of this study was to assess whether the Roma population are able to effectively access primary care services, and if not, what barriers prevent them from doing so. The history of the Roma in Serbia is described in detail so as to provide a context for their current vulnerable position. Methods Disaggregated data were analyzed from three population groups in Serbia; the general population, the Roma population, and the poorest quintile of the general population not including the Roma. The effective coverage framework, which incorporates availability, affordability, accessibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of health services, was used to structure the secondary data analysis. Acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children less than five years of age was used as an example as this is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years old in Serbia. Results Roma children were significantly more likely to experience an ARI than either the general population or the poorest quintile of the general population, not including the Roma. All three population groups were equally likely to not receive the correct treatment regime of antibiotics. An analysis of the factors that affect quality of access to health services reveal that personal documentation is a statistically significant problem; availability of health services is not an issue that disproportionately affects the Roma; however the geographical accessibility and affordability are substantive issues that disproportionately affect the Roma population. Affordability of services affected the Roma and the poorest quintile and affordability of medications significantly affected all three population groups. With regards to acceptability, mothers from all three population groups are equally likely to recognize the importance of seeking treatment. Conclusions The Roma should be

  9. The construction of the Roma female identity and the negotiation of tradition

    OpenAIRE

    Octavian SOFRONEA

    2015-01-01

    This article constitutes itself as an insight into the construction of the Roma female identity, and the negotiation of tradition, using three fundamental concepts that most of the academic Romanian literature does not define suitably: tradition, community, and identity. The theme of this article will be analyzed from a gender perspective, in the sense that women could have a special role in the process of reconsidering tradition. The first chapter provides a theoretical perspective of Roma f...

  10. Patterns of Discrimination, Grievances and Political Activity Among Europe's Roma: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Fox

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyse in a large-n cross-sectional format the patterns of discrimination, grievances and political activity among European Roma (Gypsies using data from the Minority at Risk project. The model tested here is a two-step model positing that discrimination leads to grievance formation which in turn leads to protest and rebellion. The results show that the Roma, in general, conform to this model but differ in some important specifics.

  11. Racial and social discrimination in the EFL class: the case of the roma minority

    OpenAIRE

    Madrid, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to study Andalusian students??? and teachers??? perceptions of social and racial discrimination in the EFL class with special reference to the Roma (gypsy) minority. After a brief introduction on racial discrimination in the world, figures are presented to illustrate the situation in Spain, especially with regard to the Roma ethnic minority in Andalusian schools. The main premises of critical race theory and some studies which have contributed to clarifying the ...

  12. Low vaccination coverage of Greek Roma children amid economic crisis: national survey using stratified cluster sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petraki, Ioanna; Arkoudis, Chrisoula; Terzidis, Agis; Smyrnakis, Emmanouil; Benos, Alexis; Panagiotopoulos, Takis

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: Research on Roma health is fragmentary as major methodological obstacles often exist. Reliable estimates on vaccination coverage of Roma children at a national level and identification of risk factors for low coverage could play an instrumental role in developing evidence-based policies to promote vaccination in this marginalized population group. Methods: We carried out a national vaccination coverage survey of Roma children. Thirty Roma settlements, stratified by geographical region and settlement type, were included; 7–10 children aged 24–77 months were selected from each settlement using systematic sampling. Information on children’s vaccination coverage was collected from multiple sources. In the analysis we applied weights for each stratum, identified through a consensus process. Results: A total of 251 Roma children participated in the study. A vaccination document was presented for the large majority (86%). We found very low vaccination coverage for all vaccines. In 35–39% of children ‘minimum vaccination’ (DTP3 and IPV2 and MMR1) was administered, while 34–38% had received HepB3 and 31–35% Hib3; no child was vaccinated against tuberculosis in the first year of life. Better living conditions and primary care services close to Roma settlements were associated with higher vaccination indices. Conclusions: Our study showed inadequate vaccination coverage of Roma children in Greece, much lower than that of the non-minority child population. This serious public health challenge should be systematically addressed, or, amid continuing economic recession, the gap may widen. Valid national estimates on important characteristics of the Roma population can contribute to planning inclusion policies. PMID:27694159

  13. Health impact assessment of Roma housing policies in Central and Eastern Europe: A comparative analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molnar, Agnes, E-mail: molnar.agnes@sph.unideb.hu [Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, PO Box 2, H-4012 Debrecen (Hungary); Adam, Balazs, E-mail: adam.balazs@sph.unideb.hu [Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, PO Box 2, H-4012 Debrecen (Hungary); Antova, Temenujka, E-mail: t.antova@ncphp.government.bg [National Center of Public Health Protection, 15, Ivan Ev. Geshov blvd, 1431 Sofia (Bulgaria); Bosak, Lubos, E-mail: bosak@centrum.sk [Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, 1 Univerzitne namestie, 917 00 Trnava (Slovakia); Dimitrov, Plamen, E-mail: p.dimitrov@ncphp.government.bg [National Center of Public Health Protection, 15, Ivan Ev. Geshov blvd, 1431 Sofia (Bulgaria); Mileva, Hristina, E-mail: hmileva@yahoo.com [Ministry of Health, 5 Sveta Nedelya Square, 1000 Sofia (Bulgaria); Pekarcikova, Jarmila, E-mail: jkorcova@truni.sk [Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, 1 Univerzitne namestie, 917 00 Trnava (Slovakia); Zurlyte, Ingrida, E-mail: ingrida@post.omnitel.net [State Environmental Health Center, Kalvariju str. 153, 08221 Vilnius (Lithuania); Gulis, Gabriel, E-mail: GGulis@health.sdu.dk [Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9, 6700 Esbjerg (Denmark); Adany, Roza, E-mail: adany.roza@sph.unideb.hu [Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, PO Box 2, H-4012 Debrecen (Hungary); Kosa, Karolina, E-mail: karolina.kosa@sph.unideb.hu [Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, PO Box 2, H-4012 Debrecen (Hungary)

    2012-02-15

    Marginalised Roma communities in European countries live in substandard housing conditions the improvement of which has been one of the major issues of the Decade of Roma Inclusion, the ongoing intergovernmental European Roma programme. The paper presents EU-funded health impact assessments of national Roma housing policies and programmes in 3 Central and Eastern European countries in light of the evaluation of a completed local project in a fourth CEE country so as to compare predicted effects to observed ones. Housing was predicted to have beneficial health effects by improving indoor and outdoor conditions, access to services, and socioeconomic conditions. Negative impacts were predicted only in terms of maintenance expenses and housing tenure. However, observed impacts of the completed local project did not fully support predictions especially in terms of social networks, satisfaction with housing and neighbourhood, and inhabitant safety. In order to improve the predictive value of HIA, more evidence should be produced by the careful evaluation of locally implemented housing projects. In addition, current evidence is in favour of planning Roma housing projects at the local rather than at the national level in alignment with the principle of subsidiarity. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Predictive validity of HIA of national Roma housing policies - in light of current evidence - is low. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Implemented housing projects should be comprehensively evaluated to improve reliability of HIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Roma housing projects should be planned at the local rather than at the national level. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer HIA should be used to plan Roma housing projects at the local level.

  14. SOCIOECONOMIC AND CULTURAL FACTORS OF LOW SHOLASTIC ACHIEVEMENT OF ROMA CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snezana Tovilovic

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated environmental influences on scholastic achievement of first-grade elementary school students. A total of 149 (average age 81 months first-grade children were classified in three groups. The first group comprised of 52 Roma children. Two other groups consisted of 48 non-Roma children classified as children belonging to an average socioeconomic status (SES group and 49 non-Roma children classified as children belonging to a below-average SES group. All 52 Roma children belonged to a below-average SES group. Children’s intellectual abilities were assessed by Test of School Maturity; their scholastic achievement was assessed by teachers, while data on SES and family’s educational climate were obtained through a semi structured interview with their parents. Intellectual abilities – strongly influenced by family’s SES and family’s educational climate – were most predictive of scholastic achievement. Our structural model suggests that family’s educational climate, defined by unfavorable educational stimulation and low parents’ ambition concerning education of their children, moderates effects of low SES on inferior scholastic achievement. This model may be especially relevant for Roma children, since Roma children are most affected by the lack of adequate educational climate within their families.

  15. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Roma: a comparative health examination survey in Hungary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kósa, Zsigmond; Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Ágota; Diószegi, Judit; Roberts, Bayard; Szabó, Zoltán; Sándor, János; Ádány, Róza

    2015-04-01

    The objective of our study was to compare the health status of the Roma people with that of the general population in Hungary. A health examination survey to define the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components was performed in a representative random sample (n = 646) of the Roma population aged 20-64 years living in segregated colonies, and data were compared with that obtained in a representative random sample (n = 1819) of the Hungarian population. The risks for central obesity, hypertension and raised triglyceride level among Roma adults were not different from the Hungarian references, while raised fasting plasma glucose or known type 2 diabetes mellitus (OR = 2.65, 95%CI 1.90-3.69), reduced HDL cholesterol level or treated lipid disorder (OR = 2.15, 95%CI 1.65-2.79) were significantly more frequent in all age groups in the Roma sample. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.37, 95%CI 1.03-1.83) was also significantly higher among Roma than in the general Hungarian population. Besides tackling the socio-economic determinants of the poor health of Roma people, specific public health interventions considering increased genetic susceptibility to metabolic disturbances are needed to improve their health status. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.

  16. The Role of the Union in Integrating the Roma: Present and Possible Future

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    Annelies Verstichel

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the important contribution Council Directive 2000/43/EC of29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between personsirrespective of racial or ethnic origin has made to improve the situation of theRoma in the Union. It also highlights, however, the insufficiencies of thatinstrument, when confronted to the specific needs of the Roma and to theirsituation in the Union. The paper therefore suggests that Article 13(1 EC couldbe relied upon by the European legislator either to improve further on thatDirective, for instance in order to extend its scope of application to the deliveryof administrative documents, in order to explicitly include segregation as a formof prohibited discrimination, or in order to adopt another instrument,complementary to the Racial Equality Directive, addressing in a more focusedmanner the specific needs of the Roma, while remaining attentive to thepreservation of their traditional lifestyle for those wishing not to renounce it,and ensuring that such a measure is based on a consultation of the Romathemselves. Article 13(2 EC could be relied upon to encourage the MemberStates to share the best practices they are developing in order to accelerate theintegration of the Roma, and to monitor, better and more systematically thanthey do at present, the situation of the Roma in fields such as housing,education, employment, or health care, where the Roma are not specificallyconsidered in the national action plans or the social inclusion plans of mostMember States at present.

  17. Extreme differences in SLCO1B3 functional polymorphisms in Roma and Hungarian populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagy, Agnes; Szalai, Renata; Magyari, Lili; Bene, Judit; Toth, Kalman; Melegh, Bela

    2015-05-01

    Variants in SLCO1B3 transporter are linked to disposition and uptake of drugs and show high degree of heterogeneity between populations. A total of 467 Roma and 448 Hungarian subjects were genotyped for SLCO1B3 c.334T>G and c.1683-5676A>G variant alleles by PCR-RFLP assay and direct sequencing. We found significant differences in the frequencies of homozygous variant genotypes of SLCO1B3 334GG (41.54% vs. 8.04%, pRomas and Hungarians. A significantly increased prevalence was found in SLCO1B3 1683-5676G allele frequency in Hungarians compared to the Roma population (15.07% vs. 3.43%, p≤0.001). The frequency of SLCO1B3 334G allele was significantly increased in Roma population compared to Hungarians (70.56% vs. 52.23%, p=0.001). The LD values between the examined SNPs were 80 and 90 in Roma and in Hungarian samples, respectively. Our results highlight notable pharmacogenetic differences between Roma and Hungarian populations, which may have therapeutic implications.

  18. Intergenerational transmission of ethnic identity and life satisfaction of Roma minority adolescents and their parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Radosveta; Ferrer-Wreder, Laura; Trost, Kari

    2015-12-01

    This study investigates intergeneration transmission of ethnic identity as a resource for life satisfaction of Roma adolescents and their parents. Historically, Roma represent the largest ethnic minority in Europe. They have been exposed to severe discrimination, social exclusion, and poverty. Therefore, identifying resources for their life satisfaction is theoretically and practically important. The present study included 1093 participants, of which there were 171 Roma adolescents (age: M = 14.96 years, SD = 1.85), 155 mothers (age: M = 36.16 years, SD = 5.77) and 123 fathers (age: M = 39.68 years, SD = 6.06). Further, a comparison group of 248 mainstream adolescents with their mothers (n = 221) and fathers (n = 175) was also included in the study. Adolescents and their parents provided data on ethnic identity (MEIM; Phinney, 1992) and life satisfaction (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985). Results indicated that Roma youth were lower on endorsement of ethnic identity and average on life satisfaction compared to their mainstream peers. A structural equation model showed that ethnic identity was a positive predictor of life satisfaction for both adolescents and their Roma parents. Furthermore, parents' ethnic identity was a predictor of adolescent life satisfaction. We concluded that for Roma youth and their parents, ethnic identity represents a salient source for life satisfaction and an intergenerational continuity of identity and life satisfaction exists.

  19. Healthier lives for European minority groups: school and health care, lessons from the Roma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flecha, Ainhoa

    2013-07-24

    On average, the Roma in Europe can expect to die 10 years earlier than the rest of the population, given the health conditions they experience. EU-funded research has informed on successful actions (SA) that when implemented among the Roma provide them new forms of educational participation which have a direct impact on improving their health status, regardless of their educational level. The findings from this research, unanimously endorsed by the European Parliament, have been included in several European Union recommendations and resolutions as part of the EU strategy on Roma inclusion. To analyze these SA, as well as the conditions that promote them and their impact on reducing health inequalities, communicative fieldwork has been conducted with Roma people from a deprived neighbourhood in the South of Spain, who are participating in the previously identified SA. The analysis reveals that these SA enable Roma people to reinforce and enrich specific strategies like improving family cohesion and strengthening their identity, which allow them to improve their overall health. These findings may inform public policies to improve the health condition of the Roma and other vulnerable groups, one goal of the Europe 2020 strategy for a healthier Europe.

  20. ROMA: representation and quantification of module activity from target expression data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loredana eMartignetti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In many analysis of high-throughput data in systems biology, there is a need to quantify the activity of a set of genes in individual samples. A typical example is the case where it is necessary to estimate the activity of a transcription factor (which is often not directly measurable from the expression of its target genes. We present here ROMA (Representation and quantification Of Module Activities Java software, designed for fast and robust computation of the activity of gene sets (or modules with coordinated expression. ROMA activity quantification is based on the simplest uni-factor linear model of gene regulation that approximates the expression data of a gene set by its first principal component.The proposed algorithm implements novel functionalities: it provides several method modifications for principal components computation, including weighted, robust and centered methods; it distinguishes overdispersed modules (based on the variance explained by the first principal component and coordinated modules (based on the significance of the spectral gap; finally, it computes statistical significance of the estimated module overdispersion or coordination.ROMA can be applied in many contexts, from estimating differential activities of transcriptional factors to findingoverdispersed pathways in single-cell transcriptomics data. We describe here the principles of ROMA providing several practical examples of its use.ROMA source code is available at https://github.com/sysbio-curie/Roma.

  1. Neuropsicologia, le novità dal congresso Sinp di Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Mozzoni

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Tutte le novità su mente e cervello dal congresso annuale della Società Italiana di Neuropsicologia (Sinp 2012 tenutosi lo scorso Novembre presso la Fondazione Santa Lucia di Roma presentate su BrainFactor in uno "speciale" realizzato dagli studenti del Laboratorio di Comunicazione giornalistica dell'Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca. Memoria, percezione, linguaggio, semantica, afasie, sclerosi multipla, disordini di coscienza, stato vegetativo, stato di minima coscienza, Alzheimer, demenze, distubi cognitivi in età evolutiva, brain computer interface (Bci, esoscheletri, elettroencefalografia, potenziali evocati, riabilitazione cognitiva dei pazienti cerebrolesi, neuroimgaing, neurofisiologia, neglect, dislessia, operazioni di calcolo, riconoscimento dei volti e degli oggetti, deficit attentivi, stimolazione magnetica transcranica, adattamento prismatico, blindsight, sé corporeo...

  2. Socioeconomic characteristics of the population living in Roma settlements and their association with health and health-related behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Babinská, Ingrid; Bobáková, Daniela; Veselská, Zuzana Dankulincová; Bosáková, Lucia; Kolarcik, Peter; Jarcuska, Peter; Pella, Daniel; Halánová, Monika

    2014-03-01

    The aim of this study was to compare socioeconomic characteristics of the Roma population living in Roma settlements with the majority population. Moreover, it was aimed to assess socioeconomic differences in health and health-related behaviour within the population living in Roma settlements. Data from the cross-sectional HepaMeta study conducted in Slovakia in 2011 were used. The sample consisted of 452 Roma (mean age = 34.7; 35.2% men) and 403 non-Roma (mean age = 33.5; 45.9% men) respondents. Roma in selected settlements were recruited by local Roma community workers. Respondents from the major population were randomly selected from a list of patients from general practitioners. Data were collected via questionnaire, anthropometric measures and analysed blood samples. Differences in socioeconomic characteristics between the population living in Roma settlements and the majority population were tested using the chi-square test. The contribution of selected socioeconomic characteristics on health and health-related behaviour of the population living in Roma settlements was assessed by logistic regression models adjusted for age and gender. The population living in Roma settlements is characterised by significantly lower socioeconomic standards, and the living conditions are significantly worse compared with the majority. With few exceptions, the study did not confirm any significant association between socioeconomic indicators and health and health-related behaviour within the population living in Roma settlements. The deteriorating effect of living in Roma settlement on health and health-related behaviour seems to be immense regardless differences in socioeconomic characteristics or living condition within the settlement population.

  3. The Meaning of Health, Well-Being, and Quality of Life Perceived by Roma People in West Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Many Roma people in Sweden are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor health. The aim is to describe how a group of Roma people, in West Sweden, understand health, well-being, and quality of life within the Roma context, and how they cope with their life-situation. Data consisted of qualitative interviews. The data were analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The respond...

  4. The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in the population living in Roma settlements: a comparison with the majority population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halánová, Monika; Jarcuska, Pavol; Kalinová, Zuzana; Cáriková, Katarína; Oravcová, Jaroslava; Jarcuska, Peter; Pella, Daniel; Mareková, Mária; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Cisláková, Lýdia

    2014-03-01

    We aimed to study the occurrence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in the population living in Roma settlements and to compare the obtained results with the prevalence in the majority population. We examined 340 people for the presence of bacterium C. trachomatis, 208 of them were Roma (66 men, 142 women) and 132 were from the majority population (75 men, 57 women). Respondents were aged 18-55 years (mean age = 33.44, STD = 9.57). The occurence of C. trachomatis was detected by direct proof of the pathogen by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of 340 respondents included in the study, 22 (6.5%) showed positivity for C. trachomatis infection, 15 of them were Roma (7.2%) and 7 non-Roma (5.3%). The highest positivity was detected in Roma women (8.5%), while positivity in both non-Roma women and men was 5.3%, and in Roma men 4.5%. We did not confirm any significant contribution of age, gender or ethnicity to the occurrence of C. trachomatis infection. Despite the increased number of people with risk factors in the Roma community, no significant difference in the occurrence of C. trachomatis infection was found. Neither age nor gender contributes to the probability of C. trachomatis infection. Nevertheless, there are other health consequences which might be more pronounced among the population living in Roma settlements due to barriers to the health care and their lower ability to benefit from health care services provided.

  5. Genetic structure and admixture between Bayash Roma from northwestern Croatia and general Croatian population: evidence from Bayesian clustering analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novokmet, Natalija; Galov, Ana; Marjanović, Damir; Škaro, Vedrana; Projić, Petar; Lauc, Gordan; Primorac, Dragan; Rudan, Pavao

    2015-01-01

    The European Roma represent a transnational mosaic of minority population groups with different migration histories and contrasting experiences in their interactions with majority populations across the European continent. Although historical genetic contributions of European lineages to the Roma pool were investigated before, the extent of contemporary genetic admixture between Bayash Roma and non-Romani majority population remains elusive. The aim of this study was to assess the genetic structure of the Bayash Roma population from northwestern Croatia and the general Croatian population and to investigate the extent of admixture between them. A set of genetic data from two original studies (100 Bayash Roma from northwestern Croatia and 195 individuals from the general Croatian population) was analyzed by Bayesian clustering implemented in STRUCTURE software. By re-analyzing published data we intended to focus for the first time on genetic differentiation and structure and in doing so we clearly pointed to the importance of considering social phenomena in understanding genetic structuring. Our results demonstrated that two population clusters best explain the genetic structure, which is consistent with social exclusion of Roma and the demographic history of Bayash Roma who have settled in NW Croatia only about 150 years ago and mostly applied rules of endogamy. The presence of admixture was revealed, while the percentage of non-Croatian individuals in general Croatian population was approximately twofold higher than the percentage of non-Romani individuals in Roma population corroborating the presence of ethnomimicry in Roma.

  6. High Prevalence of Smoking in the Roma Population Seems to Have No Genetic Background.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiatal, Szilvia; Tóth, Réka; Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Ágota; Kósa, Zsigmond; Sándor, János; McKee, Martin; Ádány, Róza

    2016-12-01

    The prevalence of smoking in Romani of both genders is significantly higher than in the general population. Our aim was to determine whether a genetic susceptibility contributes to the high prevalence of smoking among Roma in a study based on data collected from cross-sectional surveys. Twenty single nucleotide polymorphisms known to be closely related to smoking behavior were investigated in DNA samples of Hungarian Roma (N = 1273) and general (N = 2388) populations. Differences in genotype and allele distribution were investigated. Genetic risk scores (GRSs) were generated to estimate the joint effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes COMT, CHRNA3/4/5, CYP2A6, CTNNA3, DRD2, MAOA, KCNJ6, AGPHD1, ANKK1, TRPC7, GABRA4, and NRXN1. The distribution of scores in study populations was compared. Age, gender, and body mass index were considered as confounding factors. Difference in allele frequencies between the study populations remained significant for 16 polymorphisms after multiple test correction (p smoking behavior of the Roma population could not be accounted for by genetic susceptibility; therefore, interventions aimed at smoking prevention and cessation should focus on cultural and environmental factors. This is the first study designed to determine whether genetic background exists behind the harmful behavior of the smoking of the Roma population. Although the frequencies of susceptible and protective alleles strongly differ between the Hungarian Roma and general populations, it is shown that calculated GRSs being significantly higher in the general population, which do not support the hypothesis on the genetic susceptibility of the Roma population. Interventions aimed at smoking cessation in the Roma population should preferentially target cultural and environmental factors. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e

  7. Risk factors associated with the practice of child marriage among Roma girls in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotchkiss, David R; Godha, Deepali; Gage, Anastasia J; Cappa, Claudia

    2016-02-01

    Relatively little research on the issue of child marriage has been conducted in European countries where the overall prevalence of child marriage is relatively low, but relatively high among marginalized ethnic sub-groups. The purpose of this study is to assess the risk factors associated with the practice of child marriage among females living in Roma settlements in Serbia and among the general population and to explore the inter-relationship between child marriage and school enrollment decisions. The study is based on data from a nationally representative household survey in Serbia conducted in 2010 - and a separate survey of households living in Roma settlements in the same year. For each survey, we estimated a bivariate probit model of risk factors associated with being currently married and currently enrolled in school based on girls 15 to 17 years of age in the nationally representative and Roma settlements samples. The practice of child marriage among the Roma was found to be most common among girls who lived in poorer households, who had less education, and who lived in rural locations. The results of the bivariate probit analysis suggest that, among girls in the general population, decisions about child marriage school attendance are inter-dependent in that common unobserved factors were found to influence both decisions. However, among girls living in Roma settlements, there is only weak evidence of simultaneous decision making. The study finds evidence of the interdependence between marriage and school enrollment decisions among the general population and, to a lesser extent, among the Roma. Further research is needed on child marriage among the Roma and other marginalized sub-groups in Europe, and should be based on panel data, combined with qualitative data, to assess the role of community-level factors and the characteristics of households where girls grow up on child marriage and education decisions.

  8. A Different Guest Worker Story: Roma Guest Workers – a Transnational Minority in Transmigration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Banić-Grubišić

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available he paper considers the ambiguity of the term ‘guest worker’, based on the example of economic migrants who belong to the Roma population. Over the last fifty years, members of the Roma minority have migrated to Western European countries for different reasons (economic, political and social reasons, and there is no official data on the precise number of Roma who have migrated abroad, whether permanently or temporarily. It is possible to establish a number of categories of Roma immigrants who reside permanently or temporarily in Western European countries. These are: the so-called “classic guest workers” who, through legal or illegal means went to work abroad in the 60’s and 70’s, and mostly settled permanently in the host countries; Roma refugees from Kosovo and/or asylum seekers who left the country during the wars in the 90’s, and who were returned to Serbia after the signing of the Readmission treaty; and those Roma who represent occasional economic migrants: people who, after Serbia was put on the white Schengen list (the liberalization of the visa policy for citizens of Serbia, spend three months at a time working abroad. Even though these three categories of Roma workers have different reasons for migrating from and returning to Serbia, the majority of the population perceives them as a unified, distinct whole – as guest workers. The paper is the result of fieldwork conducted in South-Eastern Serbia, in the village of Minicevo.

  9. Renal transplantation in the Roma ethnicity-do all patients have equal chance for transplantation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basic-Jukic, N; Novosel, D; Juric, I; Kes, P

    2013-11-01

    Racial and ethnic disparities exist in access to kidney transplantation worldwide. The Roma people are often socially deprived, uneducated, and unemployed. We investigated all dialysis centers in Croatia to determine number of Roma people on dialysis as well as their access and reasons for eventual failure to enter the waiting list. There are 9463 registered Roma people in Croatia, however, the estimated number reaches 40,000. Twenty-five Roma patients required renal replacement therapy, giving a prevalence of 830 per million people (pmp), compared with 959 pmp among the general population. Average age at the start of dialysis was 29 vs 67 years; waiting time to kidney transplantation was 48.9 vs 53.5 months; mean age at the time of transplantation was 33.18 vs 48.01 years in Roma versus the general population respectively. One patient received a kidney allograft from a living unrelated spousal donor, and all others from deceased individuals. Patients were followed for 51.5 months (range, 6-240). The most frequent post-transplant complications were urinary tract infections. One patient lost a graft due to severe acute rejection caused by noncompliance. Two young patients were also noncompliant with immunosuppressive medications. One patient died with a functioning graft at 20 years after transplantation due to cardiovascular disease. Among 14 Roma patients currently been treated with hemodialysis in Croatia, 10 are old with clinical contraindications for transplantation; 1 is on the waiting list; 1 left hospitalization for pretransplant evaluation twice; 1 refused evaluation; and 1 is currently being evaluated for the waiting list. The Roma people have excellent access to renal transplantation in Croatia. Many of them refuse evaluation. More efforts should be invested in their education to improve compliance and their post-transplant outcomes.

  10. [Public health issues of the Roma and non-Roma unemployed in the Ózd microregion of Hungary].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegedűs, Ibolya; Morvai, Veronika; Rudnai, Péter; Szakmáry, Éva; Paksy, András; Ungváry, György

    2014-04-13

    Bevezetés: Korábbi tanulmányukban a szerzők megállapították, hogy az Ózdi kistérség munkanélkülijeinek közegészségügyi-járványügyi biztonsága és szociális helyzete az országos átlaghoz képest rosszabb. Célkitűzés: Korábbi vizsgálataik folytatásaként célul tűzték ki annak meghatározását, hogy az Ózdi kistérség roma munkanélkülijeinek az országos átlagnál jelentősen nagyobb aránya hozzájárul-e a kistérségnek az ország más térségeinél rosszabb közegészségügyi-járványügyi biztonságához, a kistérség munkanélkülijei tanulásra alig vagy nem alkalmas lakókörnyezeti higiénés helyzetéhez. Módszer: 2012-ben és 2013-ban 400 fő 18–61 éves roma és nem roma férfi és nő munkanélkülit kérdőíves-önkitöltéses-kikérdezéses, valamint foglalkozás-orvostani módszerekkel vizsgáltak; az egyes csoportokba – a jelzett sorrendben – 96, 97, 114, 93 személy tartozott. Eredmények: Megállapították, hogy egyrészt valamennyi vizsgált paramétercsoport (közegészségügyi-járványügyi biztonság, in-door lakókörnyezeti higiéné, tanulási feltételek) a romák szignifikánsan hátrányosabb helyzetét jelezte a magyar munkanélküliekhez viszonyítva; másrészt roma személyekben a vizsgált paraméterek értéke az életminőségét hátrányosan befolyásoló tényezőktől függött (munkanélküliség, mélyszegénység, alacsonyabb szintű iskolázottság, rövidebb élet). A térségben a magyar munkanélküliek 1/10–1/5-ének életkörülménye hasonlított a roma munkanélküliek átlagos életkörülményéhez. Következtetések: 1. A romák Ózdi kistérségen belüli nagyobb aránya hozzájárul a kistérség rosszabb közegészségügyi-járványügyi biztonságához, munkanélkülijeinek az ország más térségeiben élő munkanélküliekénél rosszabb életkörülményéhez. 2. A romák megfelelő életkörülményt biztosító foglalkoztatásához szükséges k

  11. The health mediators-qualified interpreters contributing to health care quality among Romanian Roma patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Gabriel; Gramma, Rodica; Enache, Angela; Pârvu, Andrada; Moisa, Ştefana Maria; Dumitraş, Silvia; Ioan, Beatrice

    2013-11-01

    In order to assure optimal care of patients with chronic illnesses, it is necessary to take into account the cultural factors that may influence health-related behaviors, health practices, and health-seeking behavior. Despite the increasing number of Romanian Roma, research regarding their beliefs and practices related to healthcare is rather poor. The aim of this paper is to present empirical evidence of specificities in the practice of healthcare among Romanian Roma patients and their caregivers. Using a qualitative exploratory descriptive design, this study is based on data gathered through three focus groups with 30 health mediators in the counties of Iasi and Cluj (Romania). We identified various barriers to access to healthcare for Roma patients: lack of financial resources and health insurance coverage, lack of cognitive resources or lack of personal hygiene, but also important cultural issues, such as the shame of being ill, family function, disclosure of disease-related information, patient's autonomy, attitudes towards illness and health practices, that should be considered in order to create a culturally sensitive environment in Romanian medical facilities:… The role of the health mediators within the context of cultural diversity is also discussed, as cultural brokers contributing to health care quality among Romanian Roma patients Bridging cultural differences may improve patient-healthcare provider relationships, but may have limited impact in reducing ethnic disparities, unless coupled with efforts of Roma communities to get involved in creating and implementing health policies.

  12. Aspects of Coping with Disease in some Roma Communities of Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrada PÂRVU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The traditional Roma people live in a world filled with their taboos, cultural values and laws that rule all aspects of their lives. In Roma culture, disease has a complex and mystic significance. The disease, the hospital and medical stuff are considered impure (pollution.Coping with disease is a complex process which can be effective or ineffective,as it decrease or increase stress level, depression or anxiety.The paper offers the doctors that provide medical care to Roma patient information about psychological problems caused by disease, religious coping and the importance of family as a psychological resource.There are presented the results of a qualitative study that consisted of taking 48 semi-structured interviews within Roma communities residing in two of Romania’s counties, Cluj and Ia?i.The results of the study could offer the medical stuff a better understanding of Roma behaviour in case of illness and could facilitate pacient-centered medical care and cultural targeted care.

  13. Is the cardiovascular risk profile of people living in Roma settlements worse in comparison with the majority population in Slovakia?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Babinska, Ingrid; Veselska, Zuzana Dankulincova; Bobakova, Daniela; Pella, Daniel; Panico, Salvatore; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; Jarcuska, Peter; Jarcuska, Pavol; Zezula, Ivan; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova

    Roma constitute a large minority in several Central European countries, with a mostly disadvantaged societal and health position. The aim of this study was to assess biological and other cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in people living in Roma settlements and to compare them with

  14. Culture and the School: The Degree of Educational Integration of Roma and Gypsies in the Peloponnese Region of Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiprianos, Pandelis; Daskalaki, Ivi; Stamelos, Georgios B.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the degree of integration of Roma and Gypsy children in formal education in the Peloponnese region of Greece. It is based on field research conducted by the University of Patras during the school year 2006/07 within the framework of the Greek Ministry of Education's "Integration of Roma children in school"…

  15. Renegotiating Relations among Teacher, Community, and Students: A Case Study of Teaching Roma Students in a Second Chance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoilescu, Dorian; Carapanait, Greta

    2011-01-01

    Prejudice and systematic discrimination have often been mentioned as major causes for the chronic underachievement of Roma students. In this paper we present a case study of a Romanian teacher involved in Second Chance, an educational program implemented in Romania in 2004 for the benefit of disadvantaged groups such as the Roma population. Since…

  16. The Consequences of Cumulative Discrimination: How Special Schooling Influences Employment and Wages of Roma in the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Higgins, Niall; Bruggemann, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Unequal labour market outcomes between Roma and non-Roma have typically been explained by either the low level of educational attainment on the one hand or labour marked discrimination on the other--or both. A number of studies have found that significant labour market inequalities persist even after the low levels of educational attainment…

  17. Questioning Inclusion: The Education of Roma/Traveller Students and Young People in Europe and England--A Critical Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Themelis, Spyros

    2009-01-01

    This article deals with issues pertinent to the "inclusion" of Roma/Traveller children and young people in Europe and, in particular, England. It discusses some key issues that pertain to the inclusion of Roma/Traveller groups in society and it critically presents some key policies that have been advanced to tackle educational and social…

  18. Shaping the Right to Education for Roma Children: A Case Study of Present Practices in Ghent, Belgium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemelsoet, Elias

    2015-01-01

    Western European cities are increasingly confronted with Roma immigrants. Societal changes associated with this phenomenon create new challenges for schools. Using a case study, this article sheds light on present practices that shape the right to education for Roma children. Three principal success factors are distinguished: boundary-blurring…

  19. Shaping the Right to Education for Roma Children: A Case Study of Present Practices in Ghent, Belgium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemelsoet, Elias

    2015-01-01

    Western European cities are increasingly confronted with Roma immigrants. Societal changes associated with this phenomenon create new challenges for schools. Using a case study, this article sheds light on present practices that shape the right to education for Roma children. Three principal success factors are distinguished: boundary-blurring…

  20. Questioning Inclusion: The Education of Roma/Traveller Students and Young People in Europe and England--A Critical Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Themelis, Spyros

    2009-01-01

    This article deals with issues pertinent to the "inclusion" of Roma/Traveller children and young people in Europe and, in particular, England. It discusses some key issues that pertain to the inclusion of Roma/Traveller groups in society and it critically presents some key policies that have been advanced to tackle educational and social…

  1. Culture and the School: The Degree of Educational Integration of Roma and Gypsies in the Peloponnese Region of Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiprianos, Pandelis; Daskalaki, Ivi; Stamelos, Georgios B.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the degree of integration of Roma and Gypsy children in formal education in the Peloponnese region of Greece. It is based on field research conducted by the University of Patras during the school year 2006/07 within the framework of the Greek Ministry of Education's "Integration of Roma children in school"…

  2. Renegotiating Relations among Teacher, Community, and Students: A Case Study of Teaching Roma Students in a Second Chance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoilescu, Dorian; Carapanait, Greta

    2011-01-01

    Prejudice and systematic discrimination have often been mentioned as major causes for the chronic underachievement of Roma students. In this paper we present a case study of a Romanian teacher involved in Second Chance, an educational program implemented in Romania in 2004 for the benefit of disadvantaged groups such as the Roma population. Since…

  3. The Consequences of Cumulative Discrimination: How Special Schooling Influences Employment and Wages of Roma in the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Higgins, Niall; Bruggemann, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Unequal labour market outcomes between Roma and non-Roma have typically been explained by either the low level of educational attainment on the one hand or labour marked discrimination on the other--or both. A number of studies have found that significant labour market inequalities persist even after the low levels of educational attainment…

  4. Work-integrated learning and health literacy as catalysts for Roma empowerment and social inclusion - A participatory action research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Ringsberg, Karin C; Crondahl, Kristine

    2017-01-01

    Roma people all over the world have often been subject to prejudice, stigma, discrimination and oppression. Many Roma have little or no education, which in combination with other factors often leads to unemployment and marginalization. Based on a case study in Sweden, this paper proposes...... an approach that can be used in participatory projects aiming at improving the living situation of marginalized people. In such an approach, the Roma themselves would be the leaders in all activities concerning the group. The first aim of this paper is to describe how health literacy and work......-integrated learning functioned as empowering tools for a Roma-led inclusion process within a participatory action research framework. The second aim is to discuss and reflect on the use of participatory action research in community work with Roma based on the experiences of the participatory action research...

  5. Measles Outbreak in a Roma Community in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALMA ROBO

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Measles reporting is mandatory in Albania. Despite the very high immunization coverage for MMR a measles outbreak was reported by district epidemiologist to national public health institute in june 2006. All affected persons were from a Roma community living in the town of Elbasan. We report the epidemiological features of this epidemic. Method: Active surveillance was conducted and cases analyzed had to meet the national case definition “rash maculopapular with fever”. The diagnosis was established by clinical signs, confirmed by serologic results. Sera samples from all the suspected cases were tested for Measles IgM by ELISA and molecular genotyping of virus by the regional reference laboratory. Results: According to the case definition 16 cases were actively found, 13 (77% were female and 3 (23% male. The mean age was 7.1 years (range: three months to 23 years. Most of the patients had Koplik spots, coryza and conjunctivitis. All cases were unvaccinated. All patients recovered and no fatal cases. Conclusion: Gaps of low vaccine coverage facilitated the measles infection to spread. The vaccination of this community it difficult despite the commitement of the health staff. Families with their children are in ongoing migration all over the country and abroad. As a response to stop the spread of the measles outbreak, the district epidemiological service in Elbasan with the support from the national institute of public health, organised a mass vaccination campaign.

  6. Minerva, custos urbis de Roma y de Tarraco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pina Polo, Francisco

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper relates the Ciceronian sources and the Latin inscriptions where Minerva is mentioned as custos urbis of Rome with the bas-relief of the goddess in one of the towers in the walls of Tarraco. In the same tower was also found an inscription to Minerva. As an exponent of Roman civilization, Minerva armifera operated as a protecting divinity of Tarraco, the first Roman foundation out of Italy in the context of the Hannibalic war.En el artículo se relacionan los textos ciceronianos y las inscripciones latinas en los que Minerva es denominada custos urbis de Roma, con el bajorrelieve de la diosa situado en una de las torres de las murallas de Tarraco. En la misma torre fue hallada una inscripción dedicada asimismo a Minerva. Gomo símbolo de romanidad, la Minerva armífera actuaría como divinidad protectora de Tarraco, la primera fundación romana fuera de Italia, creada en el contexto de la guerra anibálica.

  7. Approach to prevention of obesity of Roma population in the Region of South Bohemia with focus on selected eating behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolák, František; Šedová, Lenka; Nováková, Dita; Olišarová, Věra

    2016-12-01

    To survey obesity prevention methods for use in the Roma population with a focus on eating behaviors. A semi-structured interview was used to identify potentially useful obesity prevention methods. Basic anthropometric measurements were also gathered at the same time. This study was part of the "Obesity and overweight in the Roma minority in the Region of South Bohemia" research project (grant project 280-COST-LD14114). Participants consisted of members of the Roma minority (302 respondents) as well as the majority (Czech) population for comparisons. Differences in eating behaviors like irregular eating schedules and excessive consumption of fast food were observed. Statistically significant differences between the Roma minority and the majority (Czech/non-Roma) population were found in this area with the help of statistical significance tests. The Chi-square characteristic of independence (χ2) was, in case of this distribution, valued at 30.815 with 5 degrees of freedom, P Roma minority and the majority population. Members of the Roma minority attended preventive health check-ups statistically less often than members of the majority population. Differences between the majority and the Roma population were also found in the degree of patient cooperation with general practitioners. The results show that the Roma population is more likely to engage in eating behaviors that can contribute to overweight and obesity than the majority population. Based on the results of a semi-structured interview and on the results of anthropometric measurements, we can say that the Roma population is at a greater health risk, relative to overweight and obesity, than the majority population.

  8. Evaluation of selected indicators of overweight and obesity of Roma minority in the region of South Bohemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šedová, Lenka; Tóthová, Valérie; Olišarová, Věra; Adámkova, Věra; Bártlová, Sylva; Dolák, František; Kajanová, Alena; Mauritzová, Ilona; Nováková, Dita; Prokešová, Radka

    2015-01-01

    The objective of our correlation study was to compare selected indicators of overweight and obesity of Roma and non-Roma (majority) populations in the South Bohemia Region or the Czech Republic. The following indicators were chosen for evaluation of overweight and obesity: body height and weight, waistline measurement, waist/height index, waist/hips index, BMI, total fat and blood pressure. 600 participants were examined and interviewed in total, including 302 Roma and 298 non-Roma participants. Each of the participants had a personal examination performed by a general nurse, under hygienic-epidemiological conditions. The criteria for inclusion of participants into the study were consent with examination and age greater than 18 years. The statistical analysis showed that, at a level of significance of p Roma and non-Roma population of the South Bohemia Region: waist/height index, waistline, total fat, body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Differences in the incidence of the waist/hips index were significant at p Roma were registered in relation to both age and gender of participants. The results show that overweight and obesity indicators were recorded more frequently in Roma female respondents. Although the results are unique, the conclusions cannot be generalized for Roma throughout the Czech Republic. The conclusions of the above findings will be implemented in strategic materials for community planning in the South Bohemia Region. The goal will be to offer services aimed at supporting a healthy life style for Roma living in the South Bohemia Region of the Czech Republic.

  9. MARVELD2 (DFNB49) Mutations in the Hearing Impaired Central European Roma Population - Prevalence, Clinical Impact and the Common Origin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mátyás, Petra; Ficek, Andrej; Hučková, Miloslava; Sůrová, Martina; Šafka-Brožková, Dana; Anwar, Saima; Bene, Judit; Straka, Slavomír; Janicsek, Ingrid; Ahmed, Zubair M.; Seeman, Pavel; Melegh, Béla; Profant, Milan; Klimeš, Iwar; Riazuddin, Saima; Kádasi, Ľudevít; Gašperíková, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    Background In the present study we aimed: 1) To establish the prevalence and clinical impact of DFNB49 mutations in deaf Roma from 2 Central European countries (Slovakia and Hungary), and 2) to analyze a possible common origin of the c.1331+2T>C mutation among Roma and Pakistani mutation carriers identified in the present and previous studies. Methods We sequenced 6 exons of the MARVELD2 gene in a group of 143 unrelated hearing impaired Slovak Roma patients. Simultaneously, we used RFLP to detect the c.1331+2T>C mutation in 85 Hungarian deaf Roma patients, control groups of 702 normal hearing Romanies from both countries and 375 hearing impaired Slovak Caucasians. We analyzed the haplotype using 21 SNPs spanning a 5.34Mb around the mutation c.1331+2T>C. Results One pathogenic mutation (c.1331+2T>C) was identified in 12 homozygous hearing impaired Roma patients. Allele frequency of this mutation was higher in Hungarian (10%) than in Slovak (3.85%) Roma patients. The identified common haplotype in Roma patients was defined by 18 SNP markers (3.89 Mb). Fourteen common SNPs were also shared among Pakistani and Roma homozygotes. Biallelic mutation carriers suffered from prelingual bilateral moderate to profound sensorineural hearing loss. Conclusions We demonstrate different frequencies of the c.1331+2T>C mutation in hearing impaired Romanies from 3 Central European countries. In addition, our results provide support for the hypothesis of a possible common ancestor of the Slovak, Hungarian and Czech Roma as well as Pakistani deaf patients. Testing for the c.1331+2T>C mutation may be recommended in GJB2 negative Roma cases with early-onset sensorineural hearing loss. PMID:25885414

  10. Do eating habits of the population living in Roma settlements differ from those of the majority population in Slovakia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijová, Emília; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Babinská, Ingrid

    2014-03-01

    Living in Roma settlements is associated with worse health in comparison with the majority population; this might be partially explained by socioeconomic disadvantages as well as cultural differences, including lifestyle. Eating habits represent an important part of lifestyle closely related to primary causes of morbidity and mortality, such as cardiovascular diseases, metabolic diseases or cancers. The eating habits of the population living in Roma settlements in comparison with those of the majority population were explored using the cross-sectional epidemiological HepaMeta study conducted in 2011. A representative sample of Roma (n = 452, mean age = 34.7; 35.2% men) and non-Roma (n = 403, mean age = 33.5; 45.9% men) aged 18-55 years living in the Kosice region were asked about breakfasting and recent consumption of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, meat products, meat, farinaceous dishes, and soft drinks. A logistic regression model was used separately for male and female participants. The population living in Roma settlements reported the recent consumption of fruit, vegetables and dairy products significantly less frequently in comparison with the majority population. Moreover, Roma females, in comparison with non-Roma females, reported significantly more frequently the consumption of meat and soft drinks. No differences were found between Roma and non-Roma in the consumption of meat products and farinaceous dishes. The population living in Roma settlements reported more frequently unhealthy eating habits in comparison with the majority population; this might contribute to worse health status of this population. The differences might be attributed to cultural differences between ethnic as well as socioeconomic groups, reduced availability of certain food items due to segregation or poverty and lower health literacy.

  11. THE HEALTH MEDIATORS AND THE NEED FOR AN INTERCULTURAL APPROACH TO HEALTH WITHIN ROMA COMMUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Gabriel ROMAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Romania has a network of health mediators, meant to facilitate the communication between Roma communities and the medical staff. In this qualitative study, using data collected from three focus-groups with health mediators from Iaşi and Cluj counties, we provide significant information about the problematic issues related to the Roma population. The main challenges are the barriers affecting access to healthcare and the peculiarities of this ethnic group. Access to and healthcare provision would be improved with the development of the health professionals` cultural competences. Health mediators are the key elements in this process, all the more so as they are able to render innovative, collaborative care and program building with family physicians and hospitals, committed to the comprehensive and preventive treatment of the Roma population.

  12. Nutrition of the roma children and its impact on some indicators of health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ján Koval

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Human health is to a large extent a reflection of the nature of his diet. Eating habits of the Roma community is a result of different ethno-culture, higher degree of poverty, lack of education, unemployment and lack of knowledge about nutrition. Nutrition of the Roma children in many ways replicates the deficiencies and errors at their parents – mainly inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables, relatively low intake of milk and milk products, and in contrast, the diet is dominated by inappropriate consumption of meat, white bread, sugary drinks and sweets. Wrong is also low number of daily meals. A positive phenomenon is the higher proportion of breast-fed children in the comparison of the majority population, as well as its longer duration. Inadequacy of the diet, of course, along with other factors, reflects the different anthropometric parameters of Roma children, blood pressure and serum lipids.

  13. ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ROMA INTEGRATION STRATEGY 2012-2020

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Nicolás Lizama

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to provide a contribution to the process of implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategy 2012-2020 and the impact on improving discrimination and social inclusion of this group. Four years have passed since its launch and, pending the evaluation report that will be made at the end of 2016, the forecast based on interim reports by the European Commission, the Spanish Government and Roma organizations such as FSG, it is not satisfactory enough. The areas related to education, employment, housing and discrimination remain being the least advanced. Despite the existence of improvements, they still need to intensify the efforts to combat discrimination and improve the integration of Roma population.

  14. Narratives of Social Inclusion in the Context of Roma School Segregation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen O'Nions

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Despite a series of judgements from the European Court of Human Rights and the enactment of the EU Racial Equality Directive, the educational segregation of Roma pupils persists in several European states. State action plans submitted pursuant to the European Framework for Roma Integration rarely provide clear targets and do not commit to inclusive schooling. Taking education as a principle indicator of social inclusion, this article identifies that structural inequality and entrenched discriminatory attitudes are the main obstacles to Roma inclusion. This can only be addressed through the diffusion of legal and social norms that mainstream equality. Focusing on the legal obligations, it is argued that the European Commission must be more decisive and effective in the enforcement of non-discrimination rules. A closer dialogue between the European Court of Human Rights and the EU institutions, grounded in a non-targeted social inclusion frame, could provide a platform for European consensus which may help to secure meaningful change.

  15. Refining the genetic portrait of Portuguese Roma through X-chromosomal markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Vânia; Gusmão, Leonor; Valente, Cristina; Pereira, Rui; Carneiro, João; Gomes, Iva; Morling, Niels; Amorim, António; João Prata, Maria

    2012-07-01

    Due to differences in transmission between X-chromosomal and autosomal DNA, the comparison of data derived from both markers allows deeper insight into the forces that shape the patterns of genetic diversity in populations. In this study, we applied this comparative approach to a sample of Portuguese Roma (Gypsies) by analyzing 43 X-chromosomal markers and 53 autosomal markers. Portuguese individuals of non-Gypsy ancestry were also studied. Compared with the host population, reduced levels of diversity on the X chromosome and autosomes were detected in Gypsies; this result was in line with known patterns of genetic diversity typical of Roma groups. As a consequence of the complex demographic past of the Roma, during which admixture and genetic drift played major roles, the amount of linkage disequilibrium (LD) on the X chromosome in Gypsies was considerably higher than that observed in non-Gypsies. When the pattern of differentiation on the X chromosome was compared with that of autosomes, there was evidence for asymmetries in female and male effective population sizes during the admixture between Roma and non-Roma. This result supplements previous data provided by mtDNA and the Y chromosome, underlining the importance of using combined information from the X chromosome and autosomes to dissect patterns of genetic diversity. Following the out-of-India dispersion, the Roma acquired a complex genetic pattern that was influenced by drift and introgression with surrounding populations, with important contributions from both males and females. We provide evidence that a sex-biased admixture with Europeans is probably associated with the founding of the Portuguese Gypsies.

  16. Age trends in prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Roma minority population of Croatia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeljko, Hrvojka Marija; Skarić-Jurić, Tatjana; Narančić, Nina Smolej; Barešić, Ana; Tomas, Zeljka; Petranović, Matea Zajc; Miličić, Jasna; Salihović, Marijana Peričić; Janićijević, Branka

    2013-07-01

    The Roma (Gypsy) are the largest European minority population characterized by poverty, social exclusion as well as by numerous life-style and cultural specificities, which all could have an adverse impact on their cardiovascular health. This study assesses the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in community-based sample of 430 adult Roma, living in rural area of Croatia, by providing the actual and age-adjusted estimates using the European standard population. The most prominent classical CVD risk phenotypes (blood pressure, obesity, smoking, glucose and lipid profile) were selected, and the standard risk cut-offs were applied. The study has shown that compared to general population of Croatia, the Roma population bears a high CVD risk factors load related to smoking and high glucose level. The CVD risk factors prevalence in Roma also showed important sex and age patterns, the most imposing of which are the findings of higher prevalence of CVD risks in women (especially obesity and triglyceride levels) and the trend of higher body mass index (BMI) level in younger age group (18-34 years) which both stand in contrast to the trends characterizing the general population of Croatia. These findings are complemented by the trend of decreased risk in the oldest age group (65+ years) for all investigated CVD risk factors (with exception of triglycerides level) compared to the 50-64 age group. We conclude that the age and sex CVD risks pattern point to the health transition of this rural Roma population. As we expect the proportion of CVD in the Roma minority of Croatia to increase in the future along with further modernization of their lifestyle, the CVD prevention measures in this population are urgent and should be primarily targeted at women and at the younger segment of this population.

  17. Voices on Italy’s Recent History: Aulò: Roma postcoloniale and La quarta via

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linde Luijnenburg

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Recensione di:Simone Brioni (ed., Somalitalia: Quattro Vie per Mogadiscio/Somalitalia: Four Roads to Mogadishu. With the documentary La quarta via: Mogadiscio, Pavia. Roma, Kimerafilm,2012, 37 p., ISBN: 9788890771408. € 15,00.Ribka Sibhatu, Aulò! Aulò! Aulò! Poesie di nostalgia, d’esilio ed’amore. Aulò! Aulò! Aulò! Poems of Nostalgia, Exile and Love.With the documentary by Simone Brioni (ed. Aulò: Romapostcoloniale, Roma, Kimerafilm, 2012, 41 p., ISBN:9788890771415. € 15,00.

  18. Work-integrated learning and health literacy as catalysts for Roma empowerment and social inclusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Ringsberg, Karin C; Crondahl, Kristine

    2017-01-01

    participants. The findings indicate that work-integrated learning may be a worthwhile approach for increasing the individual empowerment and self-led social inclusion of vulnerable people. However, the obstacles of structural discriminatory nature hindered the project to reach its full potential in its......-integrated learning functioned as empowering tools for a Roma-led inclusion process within a participatory action research framework. The second aim is to discuss and reflect on the use of participatory action research in community work with Roma based on the experiences of the participatory action research...

  19. Environmental survey of segregated habitats of Roma in Hungary: a way to be empowering and reliable in minority research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kósa, Karolina; Daragó, László; Adány, Róza

    2011-08-01

    Roma people, the largest minority in Europe live in segregated communites in several countries. The size of the Roma population is based on estimations deriving from various sources, whereas only narrative accounts of their living conditions have been available. A comprehensive environmental survey of all settlements in Hungary (n = 3145) was carried out employing Roma field workers in order to locate and characterize segregated parts (colonies) of human habitats. Based on the collected data on environmental conditions and aggregate population numbers of the colonies, ranking of colonies and maps on their characteristics were prepared for all counties of Hungary. Seven hundred fifty-eight colonies were identified with approximately 134,000 inhabitants. Ninety-four percent of all colonies are populated dominantly by Roma. Most frequent environmental problems in the colonies were found to be lack of sewage and gas mains, garbage deposits, waterlogged soil and lack of water mains. Census data cannot be used for policy design aiming at those Roma who are in greatest need of help; that is, living in segregated settlements (colonies). Colonies constitute disadvantaged living conditions of varying severity which can be quantified by a composite score based on indicators of access to services and presence of environmental dangers. The proportion of colony-dwelling Roma is approximately one-fifth to one-quarter of the estimated number of Roma people in Hungary.

  20. "Rhome, Rumon, Ruma": una aproximación global al origen del nombre de Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Luis Casquillo Fumanal

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La etimología del nombre de Roma es todavía un problema abierto. Quedan en pie las teorías que hacen derivar Roma del etrusco Rumon, «río», o del itálico Ruma, «ubre, colina». Pasada ya la fiebre etruscológica, ahora que el relato tradicional de la fundación de Roma por Rómulo adquiere nuevo vigor en la escuela arqueológica italiana de Andrea Carandini, resulta oportuna la reivindicación de la etimología de Roma a partir del itálico Ruma, teniendo en cuenta el conjunto de nuevos datos —sobre todo antropológicos— que contribuyen a dar valor a esta teoría.The etimology of the name Rome is yet an open probleme. They are still standing theories that make derive Rome from the etruscan word Rumon, «river», or from the italic word Ruma, «nipple, hill». Nowadays, when the etruscological fever is gone and the traditional story of the foundation of Rome by Romulus obtains a new consistency in the italian archaeological school of Andrea Carandini, it turns very oportune the reivindication of the etimology of Rome from italic Ruma, bearing in mind the joint of new dates —especially anthropological dates— that contribute to value this theory.

  1. Association of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism with obesity in Roma/Gypsy population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mačeková, Soňa; Bernasovský, Ivan; Gabriková, Dana; Bôžiková, Alexandra; Bernasovská, Jarmila; Boroňová, Iveta; Behulová, Regina; Svíčková, Petra; Petrejčíková, Eva; Soták, Miroslav; Sovičová, Adriana; Carnogurská, Jana

    2012-01-01

    The rs9939609 SNP located in the first intron of the fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) has been found to be associated with common obesity mainly in populations of European descent. The Roma/Gypsy population as an ethnic minority of Asian Indian origin is well known for its adverse health status with a high prevalence of obesity. The main aim of this study was to examine the contribution of the rs9939609 FTO polymorphism to the high prevalence of obesity in the Roma/Gypsy population. Following a number of anthropometric measurements, the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism was genotyped in 312 Roma/Gypsy individuals. We observed significant differences in body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio between different genotypes (P = 0.003, P = 0.012, and P = 0.03, respectively). The waist circumference in the subjects with AA genotype was about 7.1 cm larger than in those with TT genotypes (P = 0.005). However, the strongest association of minor allele A of the rs9939609 FTO polymorphism was found with BMI (odds ratio, 1.55; 95% confidence interval, 1.129-2.128; P = 0.007), even after adjusting for age, sex, and smoking status. This study provides the first report of allele and genotype frequencies for the rs9939609 polymorphism and also the first evidence of the association of the FTO variant with obesity in the Roma/Gypsy population.

  2. Roma como referencia del mundo medieval [Reseña bibliográfica

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Reseña bibliográfica de: Marcos Casquero, Manuel Antonio. Roma como referencia del mundo medieval, León, Área de Publicaciones Instituto de Estudios Medievales de la Universidad de León, 2010. 277 p.

  3. Nostalgia and Sentimentality Among Minority Elderly People (Bulgarian Roma People and Hungarians Living in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislava Stoyanova

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Nostalgia and sentimentality are very typical for the old age. There are some characteristics that are perceived as typical for the elderly people in the different cultures, such as being dependent, and needing long-term care. There are also some similarities between the population tendencies in Bulgaria and Romania. The simultaneously acceptance in European Union of both countries also suggests the existence of some similar attitudes towards the past among elderly minority people in both countries. The hypothesis of the study was that together with some similarities, the elderly people from both ethnic minorities in the two countries would differ cross-culturally in their sentimentality and nostalgia related to the past. Sentimentality and nostalgia in elderly minority people (26 Roma people in Bulgaria and 21 Hungarians in Romania were measured by means of a questionnaire created by Gergov & Stoyanova (2013. The results indicated that the Hungarian minority in Romania was more sentimental and nostalgic than the Roma minority in Bulgaria. More thoughts about the past reported the minority young elders than the minority oldest old. The females from the minority groups were more sentimental than the males from the minority groups. Higher sentimentality and nostalgia among elderly Hungarians could be explained by their higher conservatism and more satisfaction with the hystorical past than Roma people. Roma people living in institutions felt a sense of stability in their present and they shared some positive expectations for the future.

  4. Teacher Training in Roma Education in Greece: Intercultural and Critical Educational Necessities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiadis, Fokion; Zisimos, Apostolos

    2012-01-01

    This paper first outlines briefly the present status and position of the Roma/Gypsies in the Greek context while it gives a review of education policy and provision. Secondly, it indicates that Greek primary teachers lack adequate preparedness for the challenges accompanying contemporary educational multiculturalism and social justice issues. The…

  5. Exploring Attitude Transformation: A Grounded Theory Study of Romanian Teachers of Roma Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Laura Estella

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this systematic grounded theory study was to explore the process of change in teacher attitudes toward including Roma ("Gypsy") students in non-segregated schools in Romania. The theories guiding this study included Mezirow's (1991, 2000) theory of transformation, Gay's (2002, 2013) theory of culturally responsive…

  6. Race and Populist Radical Right Discourses: Implications for Roma Education Policy in Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugosi, Nicole V. T.

    2015-01-01

    Non-government organizations and policy makers agree that the best route to eradicating the widespread discrimination and poverty among the Roma is to improve the quality of and access to education. A cursory glance at the Hungarian Government website suggests that policy makers are on top of the problem with good laws and initiatives in place.…

  7. The Inclusion of Slovak Roma Pupils in Secondary School: Contexts of Language Policy and Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Mark

    2017-01-01

    The arrival of large numbers of Slovak Roma to Sheffield over a relatively short period has inserted two new languages (Slovak and Romani) into an already diverse, multilingual school environment. Schools face challenges in welcoming the new migrant children, inducting and integrating them and facilitating access to the English school curriculum.…

  8. Turning Difficulties into Possibilities: Engaging Roma Families and Students in School through Dialogic Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flecha, Ramón; Soler, Marta

    2013-01-01

    Schools and communities may have a key role in reversing the cycle of inequality that the Roma suffer in Europe. Aiming at reducing existing inequalities, dialogic learning aims to ensure high levels of academic learning for all children, by involving the whole community through egalitarian dialogue. Less well known are the implications of this…

  9. Pedagogising Knowledge in Multigrade Roma Schools: Potentials and Tensions of Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karpati, Andrea; Molnar, Eva D.; Munkacsy, Katalin

    2014-01-01

    Low school achievement and frequent dropout of Hungarian Roma students from primary education is mostly an effect of inadequate curriculum content and teaching methodology. Between 2004 and 2011, the UNESCO affiliated Research Centre for Multimedia in Education at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE University) in Budapest, Hungary coordinated a series…

  10. Perfectly Equipped Failures: The European Union and Educational Issues Affecting the Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolae, Valeriu

    2007-01-01

    Despite often lofty rhetoric in a large number of national and international initiatives and in speeches of national and international politicians and bureaucrats, and despite a long history of awareness and the increased visibility of the generally abysmal situation of the Roma in Europe, there is still no serious reason to hope that the lives of…

  11. Recognising the Roma and Their Rights: An Analysis of Exclusion and Integration in the Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horvai, Anna

    2010-01-01

    This article draws from a small-scale qualitative study related to Roma integration in the Hungarian education system, from the perspective of academics and officials from leading civil society organisations. Based on semi-structured interviews and extensive analysis of the literature, the study identified and categorised key obstacles to Roma…

  12. An Evaluation of Asthma Education Project Targeting the Traveller and Roma Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Anne-Marie; Keogh, Brian

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this evaluation was to determine the cultural and educational appropriateness of a pilot asthma education programme developed for the Traveller and Roma community in Ireland. Design: A participatory multi-stakeholder and qualitative approach. Setting: Prevalence and inadequate control of asthma have been found to be high…

  13. Attitudes of Serbian and Slovenian Student Teachers towards Causes of Learning Underachievement amongst Roma Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Pecek, Mojca

    2013-01-01

    The task of initial teacher education is to prepare student teachers (ST) to accept responsibility for improving the education of all pupils, including Roma pupils. Thus, knowledge of ST's attitudes regarding such pupils at the onset of initial teacher education is a key for the creation of teacher education programmes that challenge implicit…

  14. Diversity vs. Equality: Why the Education of Roma Children Does Not Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyuchukov, Hristo; New, William

    2016-01-01

    This article takes up the question of why recent efforts to reform Roma education have been largely unsuccessful. Using case studies, the authors identify and discuss situations that have produced poor results: good intentions and bad realisations, good intentions and good realisations, and misguided intentions and bad realisations. They suggest…

  15. Continuity or Rupture? Roma/Gypsy Communities in Rural and Urban Environments under Post-Socialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruzicka, Michal

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the article is to contribute to existing research and debates on social change associated with the post-socialist transformation in Eastern and Central Europe. It does so by drawing attention to and examining the diversity of ways in which such change has been lived through and reflected upon by members of Roma (Gypsy) communities…

  16. Raising Roma Educational Participation and Achievement: Collaborative Relationships, Transformative Change, and a Social Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryder, Andrew Richard

    2015-01-01

    The paper gives an overview of Roma, Gypsy and Traveller (RGT) educational exclusion in the European Union and seeks to provide insights into good practice through case studies focusing on Bulgaria and the UK. The paper makes a case for the promotion of collaborative relationships, where RGT communities are active partners in developing curricula…

  17. Roma Education in Europe: In Support of the Discourse of Race

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miskovic, Maja

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews the research findings and policies regarding the conditions and educational needs of the Roma population in Europe. It examines assumptions, possibilities, and setbacks of translating and appropriating US-American academic discourse on race into the debate across the continent. The central task for researchers, policy makers,…

  18. Trying to Include but Supporting Exclusion Instead? Constructing the Roma in Slovak Educational Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miškolci, Jozef; Kovácová, Lucia; Kubánová, Martina

    2017-01-01

    Based on a social constructivist theoretical framework, this research study examines how the design of proinclusive educational policies and the general public construct the Roma students and parents in Slovakia. For this purpose, data from two selected educational policies and five focus groups conducted in five regions in Slovakia were analyzed.…

  19. Teacher Training in Roma Education in Greece: Intercultural and Critical Educational Necessities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiadis, Fokion; Zisimos, Apostolos

    2012-01-01

    This paper first outlines briefly the present status and position of the Roma/Gypsies in the Greek context while it gives a review of education policy and provision. Secondly, it indicates that Greek primary teachers lack adequate preparedness for the challenges accompanying contemporary educational multiculturalism and social justice issues. The…

  20. Continuity or Rupture? Roma/Gypsy Communities in Rural and Urban Environments under Post-Socialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruzicka, Michal

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the article is to contribute to existing research and debates on social change associated with the post-socialist transformation in Eastern and Central Europe. It does so by drawing attention to and examining the diversity of ways in which such change has been lived through and reflected upon by members of Roma (Gypsy) communities…

  1. Perfectly Equipped Failures: The European Union and Educational Issues Affecting the Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolae, Valeriu

    2007-01-01

    Despite often lofty rhetoric in a large number of national and international initiatives and in speeches of national and international politicians and bureaucrats, and despite a long history of awareness and the increased visibility of the generally abysmal situation of the Roma in Europe, there is still no serious reason to hope that the lives of…

  2. Race and Populist Radical Right Discourses: Implications for Roma Education Policy in Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugosi, Nicole V. T.

    2015-01-01

    Non-government organizations and policy makers agree that the best route to eradicating the widespread discrimination and poverty among the Roma is to improve the quality of and access to education. A cursory glance at the Hungarian Government website suggests that policy makers are on top of the problem with good laws and initiatives in place.…

  3. How to Make Sense of the Right to Education? Issues from the Case of Roma People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemelsoet, Elias

    2012-01-01

    In most cases, discussions on the right to education focus on the way access to education can be warranted for all and which aims should be pursued in rather abstract terms. This article approaches the topic starting from the case of Roma people. The particularity of their living circumstances raises the question what it is that we are aiming at…

  4. "Otherness" as Threat: Social and Educational Exclusion of Roma People in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parthenis, Christos; Fragoulis, George

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on aspects of the social and educational exclusion that Roma people face in the Greek context. It argues that diversity has been constructed as a threat for the security, the social cohesion, and the well-being of western societies. Drawing from two case studies of primary schools conducted in a highly deprived suburb of Athens,…

  5. An Evaluation of Asthma Education Project Targeting the Traveller and Roma Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Anne-Marie; Keogh, Brian

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this evaluation was to determine the cultural and educational appropriateness of a pilot asthma education programme developed for the Traveller and Roma community in Ireland. Design: A participatory multi-stakeholder and qualitative approach. Setting: Prevalence and inadequate control of asthma have been found to be high…

  6. Raising Roma Educational Participation and Achievement: Collaborative Relationships, Transformative Change, and a Social Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryder, Andrew Richard

    2015-01-01

    The paper gives an overview of Roma, Gypsy and Traveller (RGT) educational exclusion in the European Union and seeks to provide insights into good practice through case studies focusing on Bulgaria and the UK. The paper makes a case for the promotion of collaborative relationships, where RGT communities are active partners in developing curricula…

  7. Turning Difficulties into Possibilities: Engaging Roma Families and Students in School through Dialogic Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flecha, Ramón; Soler, Marta

    2013-01-01

    Schools and communities may have a key role in reversing the cycle of inequality that the Roma suffer in Europe. Aiming at reducing existing inequalities, dialogic learning aims to ensure high levels of academic learning for all children, by involving the whole community through egalitarian dialogue. Less well known are the implications of this…

  8. Recognising the Roma and Their Rights: An Analysis of Exclusion and Integration in the Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horvai, Anna

    2010-01-01

    This article draws from a small-scale qualitative study related to Roma integration in the Hungarian education system, from the perspective of academics and officials from leading civil society organisations. Based on semi-structured interviews and extensive analysis of the literature, the study identified and categorised key obstacles to Roma…

  9. Exploring Attitude Transformation: A Grounded Theory Study of Romanian Teachers of Roma Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Laura Estella

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this systematic grounded theory study was to explore the process of change in teacher attitudes toward including Roma ("Gypsy") students in non-segregated schools in Romania. The theories guiding this study included Mezirow's (1991, 2000) theory of transformation, Gay's (2002, 2013) theory of culturally responsive…

  10. Roma Education in Europe: In Support of the Discourse of Race

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miskovic, Maja

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews the research findings and policies regarding the conditions and educational needs of the Roma population in Europe. It examines assumptions, possibilities, and setbacks of translating and appropriating US-American academic discourse on race into the debate across the continent. The central task for researchers, policy makers,…

  11. Diversity vs. Equality: Why the Education of Roma Children Does Not Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyuchukov, Hristo; New, William

    2016-01-01

    This article takes up the question of why recent efforts to reform Roma education have been largely unsuccessful. Using case studies, the authors identify and discuss situations that have produced poor results: good intentions and bad realisations, good intentions and good realisations, and misguided intentions and bad realisations. They suggest…

  12. Pedagogising Knowledge in Multigrade Roma Schools: Potentials and Tensions of Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karpati, Andrea; Molnar, Eva D.; Munkacsy, Katalin

    2014-01-01

    Low school achievement and frequent dropout of Hungarian Roma students from primary education is mostly an effect of inadequate curriculum content and teaching methodology. Between 2004 and 2011, the UNESCO affiliated Research Centre for Multimedia in Education at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE University) in Budapest, Hungary coordinated a series…

  13. Attitudes of Serbian and Slovenian Student Teachers towards Causes of Learning Underachievement amongst Roma Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Pecek, Mojca

    2013-01-01

    The task of initial teacher education is to prepare student teachers (ST) to accept responsibility for improving the education of all pupils, including Roma pupils. Thus, knowledge of ST's attitudes regarding such pupils at the onset of initial teacher education is a key for the creation of teacher education programmes that challenge implicit…

  14. Structural Dimensions of Roma School Desegregation Policies in Central and Eastern Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rostas, Iulius; Kostka, Joanna

    2014-01-01

    Scrutiny of the socio-economic exclusion of the Roma in Central and Eastern Europe has brought attention to the widespread practice of school segregation of Romani children who are automatically placed in classes for the mentally disabled or shunted into separate and inferior schools and classrooms. It is now widely recognised that such practices…

  15. Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly: Media Provisions in New Texts on (Roma) Migrants and Refugees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McGonagle, T.

    2012-01-01

    The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) adopted its Resolution 1889 on the portrayal of migrants and refugees during election campaigns and its Recommendation 2003 (2012) on Roma migrants in Europe on 27 and 28 June 2012 respectively. While formally distinct, the texts display som

  16. [Evaluation of the action plan for Roma people in health area].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodin, Urelija

    2010-12-01

    By virtue of the national program for Romanies and participation in the Decade of Roma Inclusion 2005-2015, Croatia has chosen its strategic standpoint toward programs of social inclusion of Romanies in four priority areas: housing, education, employment and health. The objectives of the Roma Action Plan (AP) for 2005-2015 in the health area focus on: * ensuring equal availability of health services through information about personal rights and health insurance options; * child health improvement and care, as well as mortality reduction; * raising health awareness and care in terms of safe motherhood, family planning and reproductive health; * financial support to schooling of Roma people in health professions In order to monitor the implementation of AP and measure the availability of health care and condition, certain indicators of the number and coverage of Romanies are crucial for each of the above objectives: indicators for the Roma informed about personal rights resulting from the mandatory health insurance; for Romanies who have health insurance; for vaccinated Romani children, for Romani newborns born in maternity hospitals, for prenatal and pregnancy health care in Romani women, for Romanies included in family planning, for the mortality rate and causes of death in Romanies, and for the Roma receiving scholarships for education in health professions. Most of these indicators are only obtainable through special studies, while routinely monitored indicators simply do not satisfy quantitative needs. Another problem is Romanies not stating their ethnic denomination. Consequently, routine Roma mortality and cause of death statistics are unreliable. At the state level, no specific indicators of implementation could be obtained for any of the above health objectives, while some were obtainable for specific units of local and self-government (Baranja, Medimurje and Primorje-Goranska County). According to the research, more than 50% of Romanies in Croatia are

  17. Does the population living in Roma settlements differ in physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption from the majority population in Slovakia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babinská, Ingrid; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Jarcuska, Peter; Pella, Daniel; Mareková, Mária; Stefková, Gabriela; Veselská, Zuzana Dankulincová

    2014-03-01

    Several studies have revealed a high prevalence of risk factors associated with unhealthy lifestyle among individuals with lower socioeconomic status. In Slovakia, one of the most socially and health-disadvantaged groups is the Roma minority. The aim of this study is to explore differences in physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption between the population living in Roma settlements and the majority population in Slovakia. Data from the cross-sectional epidemiological HepaMeta study conducted in Slovakia in 2011 were used. The sample consisted of 452 Roma (mean age = 34.7; 35.2% men) and 403 non-Roma (mean age = 33.5; 45.9% men) respondents. The differences in health-related behaviour between the population living in Roma settlements and the majority population were analysed using logistic models separately for males and females. These data show a clear difference between the population living in Roma settlements and the majority population with regard to leisure-time physical activity (only in women) and smoking, although not alcohol consumption. The prevalence of leisure-time physical activities such as walking or some other type of sport was significantly lower among Roma women than among non-Roma women. Men and women living in Roma settlements are more likely to smoke on a daily basis and they are heavier smokers in comparison with the majority population. HepaMeta study did not find differences in alcohol consumption between the Roma and non-Roma men. However, Roma women reported less frequent recent drinking and binge-drinking of 6 or more doses of alcohol on a single occasion. The higher prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle activities among Roma seem to contribute to these inequalities in cardiovascular diseases morbidity and mortality in comparison with the majority population.

  18. Predictors of medication use in the Roma population in Spain: a population-based national study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Pérez, M; Hernández Barrera, V; López de Andrés, A; Jiménez-Trujillo, I; Jiménez-García, R; Carrasco-Garrido, P

    2015-05-01

    To describe the prevalence of prescribed and self-medicated use of medication in the Spanish Roma population, and identify the associated factors. Descriptive cross-sectional study. Data from the first National Health Survey conducted on the Roma population in Spain were used. The sample comprised 1000 Spanish Roma adults of both sexes aged ≥16 years. Answers (yes/no) to the question, 'In the last two weeks have you taken the following medicines [in reference to a list of medicines that might be used by the population] and were they prescribed for you by a doctor?' were used to ascertain 'medication use'. 'Self-medication' referred to use of these medicines without medical prescription. Using multivariate logistic regression models, odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to identify associated factors. The overall prevalence of medication use in the Roma population for both sexes was 69.1%, and 38.7% was self-medicated. Females reported higher use of medication than males (75.1% vs 62.3%); however, self-medication was higher among males. Analgesics and antipyretics were used most often (35.8%). Among males, the variables that were independently and significantly associated with a higher probability of medication use were: age; negative perception of health; presence of chronic disease (OR 2.81; 95% CI 1.67-4.73); and medical visits (OR 4.51; 95% CI 2.54-8.01). The variables were the same among females, except for age. A high percentage of the Spanish Roma population use medication, and a significant proportion of them self-medicate. The presence of chronic diseases, a negative perception of health and medical consultations were associated with increased use of medication in the study population. Copyright © 2015 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. High hepatitis B and low hepatitis C prevalence in Roma population in eastern Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veselíny, Eduard; Janicko, Martin; Drazilová, Sylvia; Siegfried, Leonard; Pastvová, Lýdia; Schréter, Ivan; Kristian, Pavol; Viág, Ladislav; Jarcuska, Pavol; Valková, Ivana; Cáriková, Katarína; Senajová, Gabriela; Fedacko, Ján; Pella, Daniel; Mareková, Mária; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Jarcuska, Peter

    2014-03-01

    Viral hepatitis B and C prevalence in the Roma population of eastern Slovakia is largely unknown. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and associated risk factors of chronic viral hepatitis B and C among Roma living in segregated communities in eastern Slovakia. Data from the cross-sectional HepaMeta study conducted in Slovakia in 2011 among Roma living in rural communities were used. Participants were tested for the presence of HBsAg, anti-HBc IgG and anti-HCV. The risk factors were assessed mainly via a structured questionnaire/interview. Altogether 452 Roma were screened, and 11 were excluded due to missing data. A total of 441 patients were included (mean age 34.7 +/- 9.14 years; 35.2% men). 12.5% of participants were HBsAg positive, 40.4% anti-HBc IgG positive while negative for HBsAg and 47.2% of participants were negative for all serological markers of hepatitis B. Hepatitis C prevalence was very low (0.7%), while 2 out of 3 anti-HCV positive participants were coinfected with hepatitis B. Risk factors for hepatitis B infection were male sex, higher age, tattoo, and previous imprisonment. No difference was found in intravenous drug use, blood transfusions and sexual behaviour. More than half of the Roma residing in eastern Slovakia have been infected at one point in life with the hepatitis B virus, and 12.5% are HBsAg positive. Hepatitis C prevalence is very low, which is probably due to very low intravenous drug use.

  20. Cytochrome P450 Drug Metabolizing Enzymes in Roma Population Samples: Systematic Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szalai, Renata; Hadzsiev, Kinga; Melegh, Bela

    2016-01-01

    The cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes are highly polymorphic and show inter-individual differences in variability in drug response, which varies widely also with ethnicity. This study aims to summarize the available data on genetic polymorphisms associated with cytochrome enzymes conducted on Roma populations. Our goal was to compare the frequency of the variant alleles, genotypes and predicted phenotypes with corresponding rates from other populations. We carried out a systematic review including the papers published on the pharmacogenetically relevant variants of cytochrome P450 genes related to Roma population. The study was performed using several articles, websites and databases, including PubMed, Ensembl, dbSNP, HapMap and 1000 Genomes Project. This review attempts to summarize and discuss our current knowledge about the frequency distribution of the ever investigated 20 allelic variants of 9 cytochrome genes (CYP1A2, CYP1B1, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2C8, CYP2D6, CYP3A5, CYP4F2) in Roma DNA samples and compare them with other populations. Differences between Roma and Hungarian samples are reported for 7 variant genotypes. CYP2C9 *2/*3 and CYP2C19 *2/*2 genotypes showed more than 3-fold differences. Additional differences are displayed for allele frequency of 7 variants (rs762551, rs3745274, rs1058930, rs1065852, rs3892097, rs1057910 and rs4244285) in Roma population samples. The interethnic variability in clinically relevant genetic polymorphisms of drug metabolizing enzymes, which may explain distinct drug response, highlights the need to allow for the ancestry of participants in pharmacogenetic studies.

  1. DE NÜREMBERG A KAMPALA, VÍA ROMA

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    Luis Ernesto Orozco Torres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO En la presente comunicación se ocupa del proceso de la criminalización de la agresión y su concreción como norma consuetudinaria y convencional en Derecho Internacional. Así mismo, se analizan los pros y contras de la tipificación del crimen de agresión hecha en la Conferencia de Kampala, Uganda, efectuada del 31 de mayo al 11 de junio de 2010. Esta Conferencia de Revisión de Kampala marca un hito particularmente en el devenir del Derecho internacional general y el Derecho internacional penal convencional (de Roma, pues, en ella se llega —por consenso— a la definición del crimen de agresión, lo que marca el fin de un proceso muy largo que comienza formalmente con los juicios de Nüremberg, pero que reconoce su génesis en el periodo de entreguerras en el siglo pasado. Palavras- chave: Guerras de agresión, criminalización de la guerra, crimen de agresión, responsabilidad penal internacional del individuo, conferencia de kampala. FROM NUREMBERG TO KAMPALA VIA ROME ABSTRACT This communication deals with the process of criminalization of aggression and it was established as customary law and conventional international law. It also discusses the pros and cons of the definition of the crime of aggression made ​​at the Conference in Kampala, Uganda, held from May 31 to June 11, 2010. This Review Conference is a milestone Kampala particularly in the evolution of general international law and conventional international criminal law (Rome, then it is reached by consensus-a-definition of the crime of aggression, marking the end of a long process formally begins with the Nüremberg trials, but recognizes its genesis in the interwar period in the last century. Key-words: War of aggression, war criminalization, crime of aggression, international criminal responsibility of the individual conference of kampala.

  2. Distribution Characteristics and Combined Effect of Polymorphisms Affecting Alcohol Consumption Behaviour in the Hungarian General and Roma Populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diószegi, Judit; Fiatal, Szilvia; Tóth, Réka; Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Ágota; Kósa, Zsigmond; Sándor, János; McKee, Martin; Ádány, Róza

    2017-01-01

    Harmful alcohol drinking habits, even among Roma children and adolescents, are more common than in the majority population. The aim of the study was to evaluate the genetic susceptibility of Roma to hazardous alcohol consumption compared to the Hungarian general population. A total of 1273 samples from the population of segregated Hungarian Roma colonies and 2967 samples from the Hungarian general population were genotyped for 25 polymorphisms. Differences in genotype and allele distributions were investigated. Genetic risk scores (GRS) were generated to estimate the joint effect of individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). After unweighted and weighted GRS were calculated the distribution of scores in study populations was compared. The allele frequencies differed significantly between the study populations for 17 SNPs (P Roma population. The distribution of unweighted GRS in Roma population was left shifted compared to general population (P = 0.0013). The median weighted genetic risk score was lower among the subjects of Roma population compared to the subjects of general population (0.53 vs 0.65, P = 3.33 × 10(-27)) even after adjustment for confounding factors. Differences in alcohol consumption habits between the Hungarian Roma and Hungarian general populations do not appear to be linked to genetic constitution, this behaviour may occur as a result of different cultural values and environmental exposures. Population-based measures to tackle the fundamental drivers of consumption, which take account of cultural acceptability, are needed to reduce harmful alcohol consumption in the Roma population. © The Author 2016. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

  3. Marked differences in frequencies of statin therapy relevant SLCO1B1 variants and haplotypes between Roma and Hungarian populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagy, Agnes; Sipeky, Csilla; Szalai, Renata; Melegh, Bela Imre; Matyas, Petra; Ganczer, Alma; Toth, Kalman; Melegh, Bela

    2015-09-03

    SLCO1B1 polymorphisms are relevant in statin pharmacokinetics. Aim of this study was to investigate the genetic variability and haplotype profile of SLCO1B1 polymorphisms in Roma and Hungarian populations. Genotypes of 470 Roma and 442 Hungarian subjects for c.388A > G, c.521T > C and c.1498-1331T > C polymorphisms were determined by PCR-RFLP assay. Using these SNPs eight different haplotypes could be differentiated. Differences were found between Roma and Hungarians in SLCO1B1 388AA (24.5 vs. 45.5 %), GG (33.4 vs. 17.9 %) genotypes, AG + GG (75.5 vs. 54.5 %) carriers, in G allele frequency (0.545 vs. 0.362), respectively (p Roma (43.6 %) and in Hungarian (59.1 %) samples. The ht6 (GCT) was not present in Roma population samples Haplotype analyses showed striking differences between the Roma and Hungarian samples in ht4 (ATT, 37.2 % vs 20.8 %), ht5 (GCC, 1.15 % vs. 3.62 %) and ht8 (GTT, 43.6 % vs. 59.1 %) haplotypes (p Roma the 388A was found to be the minor allele contrary to Indians (India). The minor allele frequency of 521T > C and 1498-1331T > C SNPs are almost three times higher in Romas than in Indians (Singapore and Gujarati, respectively). Observed allele frequency for 1498-1331T > C polymorphism reflects the measured average European rates in Hungarians. The results can be applied in population specific treatment algorithms when developing effective programs for statin therapy.

  4. The mediating effect of discrimination, social support and hopelessness on self-rated health of Roma adolescents in Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; Van Dijk, Jitse P

    2015-11-19

    According to the EU-MIDIS report on discrimination, Roma are the most discriminated against group in Europe. Research suggests that experiencing discrimination may itself be detrimental to health. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether discrimination, hopelessness and social support mediate differences in self-rated health (SRH) between Roma and non-Roma adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional study among Roma from separated and segregated settlements in the eastern part of Slovakia (N = 330; mean age = 14.50; interview) and non-Roma adolescents (N = 722; mean age = 14.86; questionnaire); only non-missing data were used for analyses (n = 759). The effect of perceived discrimination, mother and father social support, and hopelessness on SRH was analysed as crude and adjusted for ethnicity, age, gender, parental education and social desirability. Mediating effects were separately assessed using the Sobel test and structural equation modelling. Roma adolescents reported poorer SRH and more discrimination, mother and father social support, hopelessness and social desirability. Roma ethnicity (Odds ratio/95 %-Confidence interval 3.27/2.40-4.47), discrimination (2.66/1.82-3.88), hopelessness (1.35/1.20-1.51) and mother (0.92/0.88-0.97) and father social support (0.96/0.93 - 0.997) were statistically significant predictors of poor SRH. Perceived discrimination, social support and hopelessness mediated the ethnicity-health association, with adjustment for social support increasing its strength and the other two variables decreasing it. Perceived discrimination, social support and hopelessness mediate a part of the association between Roma ethnicity and poor SRH, with discrimination and hopelessness being risk factors and social support a protective factor.

  5. Assessment of clinical biochemical parameters in Roma minority residing in eastern Slovakia compared with the majority population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubková, Beáta; Maslanková, Jana; Stupák, Marek; Guzy, Juraj; Kovácová, Anna; Pella, Daniel; Jarcuska, Peter; Mareková, Mária

    2014-03-01

    Roma constitute the largest ethnic minority in Europe and the second largest minority in Slovakia. Their health problems originate mainly from their low socioeconomic status, certain cultural aspects and their health-threatening lifestyle as well as the psycho-social burden arising from poverty and frequent migration. Evaluation of glucose, albumin, triacylglycerol (TAG) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations did not reveal any clue about the presumed deteriorated health of the Roma population. Higher proportions of subjects with elevated serum total cholesterol were found in Roma women as compared to both control groups of women (p = 0.027, p = 0.006) and in Roma men as compared to the male control group living in standard conditions. Only the low level of HDL-cholesterol gives a glimpse of their deteriorated health. Significantly lower levels of serum HDL-C were reported in Roma men and women compared to the respondents in both control groups with a p value of p Roma men and men from the control group 1 (p = 0.022) in favour of the control group. When comparing the number of people with physiological values of cholesterols and with worsening TAG parameters at the same time, the increased risk of Roma men compared with men from the control group 1 became evident, with a level of significance of p = 0.023. Evaluation of urine samples pointed to significantly higher concentrations of urinary protein in Roma women compared with women in the control group 1 (p = 0.012).

  6. Ethnic, Familial, and Religious Identity of Roma Adolescents in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania in Relation to Their Level of Well-Being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Radosveta; van de Vijver, Fons J R; Taušová, Jitka; Chasiotis, Athanasios; Bender, Michael; Buzea, Carmen; Uka, Fitim; Tair, Ergyul

    2017-05-01

    This study examines ethnic, national, familial, and religious identity and well-being of 632 Roma minority and 589 majority adolescents (age: M = 15.98 years, SD = 1.34) in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania. Results indicated that Roma showed lower endorsement of national identity but stronger religious identity than their majority counterparts. Path models showed positive associations of familial and religious identities with well-being, whereas Roma identity was negatively associated with well-being, particularly for Roma in Bulgaria and Kosovo (countries with a less active policy toward improving conditions of Roma). In the latter countries, Roma ethnic identity is less relevant and weakly associated with psychological well-being of youth. © 2017 The Authors. Child Development © 2017 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  7. Revisiting the evidence on health and health care disparities among the Roma: a systematic review 2003-2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Benjamin; Wayne, Geoffrey Ferris; Valentine, Anne; Lessios, Anna; Yeh, Ethan

    2013-12-01

    To conduct a systematic review of the epidemiological and health service utilization literature related to the Roma population between 2003 and 2012. Systematic review of empirical research related to Roma health and health care utilization published between 2003 and 2012 identified through electronic databases (PsycInfo, Medline, Google Scholar). Methodological rigor was evaluated using a six-point set of design criteria. We found evidence for lower self-reported health and significantly higher mortality risk for Roma compared to non-Roma, and greater prevalence of health risk factors for Roma children, including environmental risks, low birth weight, and lower vaccination coverage. Studies of non-communicable and infectious disease remain insufficient to make firm conclusions on disparities. Barriers to care include lack of documentation and affordability of care, though more studies on health care utilization are needed. Roma youth and adults are in need of programs that reduce health disparities and their increased mortality risk. Reducing exposure to risk factors such as smoking, obesity, and poor living conditions may be a target for interventions. More intervention studies and rigorous evaluations are needed.

  8. One Culture or Multiple Cultures? The Diversity of Roma People in Poland

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    Joanna Talewicz-Kwiatkowska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available One Culture or Multiple Cultures? The Diversity of Roma People in Poland There are no universal criteria which would be useful to describe the diversity of all of the Roma. Their presence in given country is linked to adaptive processes to majority societies. It is the majority that creates condition and space to which minorities need to adapt somehow. The results of the above-mentioned adaptive processes also vary and depend on an external context. The attitude of given populations towards minorities and the current political and economic situation of given country, where the Roma settled had and still has significant influence on mentioned processes. The way of life of different Romani groups has also a great importance, because sedentary way of life (typical for most European Roma and external influences especially on culture and models of lifestyle also furthered the adaptive processes. The cultural diversity among the Roma is the case not only with the groups living in different countries. It needs to be emphasized that the Roma who have lived in one country for centuries are not a homogenous group in terms of their culture. Previous migration processes and sedentary or nomadic way of life had a great influence on this internal diversity. In Poland with four distinguished Romani groups such diversity occurs between Carpathian Roma (Bergitka Roma, Polish Highlander Roma and traditionally nomadic groups: Polska Roma, Lovara, Kelderari. This article is mainly based on available sources and dissertations on the subject. However it refers to the field research regarding the use of European Union’s funds for the Roma community in Poland, which was conducted by the author in 2010 and 2011.   Kultura jedna czy wieloraka? Zróżnicowanie populacji romskiej w Polsce Nie istnieją uniwersalne kryteria użyteczne w opisie zróżnicowania wszystkich Romów. Ich obecność w danym kraju wiąże się z procesami adaptowania się do społeczeństw wi

  9. The Roma Community and International Institutions: Only Relative Success in the Protection of Human and Minority Rights

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    Jagoda Novak

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper treats problems pertaining to the legislative framework, as well as to the practical implementation of mechanisms for the protection of the human and minority rights of the Roma community. Special emphasis is placed on international and European protective mechanisms, on the pressure that they exert on national states, as well as on their frameworks for protecting the human rights of the Roma community, which – in view of the absence of a mother state in this case – is the only guarantee for the respect of Roma human rights. International frameworks and activities are also the only guarantee assuring the social integration of the Roma, a goal towards which modern European society strives. The paper attempts to determine the position of Croatia in respect to European countries in this matter, with special reference to problems in education faced by the Roma community and on the experience of the non-governmental and donator sector in regard to work with the Roma community. An overview of existing documents and acts reveals that a legislative framework for respecting Roma rights already exists, and that the European Union just has to supplement it with a legislative document exclusively dealing with the problems of the Roma, given the specific aspects of realising the human rights of members of this community. In the implementation of legislative acts, however, there is a series of inconsistencies, resulting from inadequate monitoring of the implementation of European documents, from an absence of repercussions for non-implementing them and from an imbalanced approach to old and new members of the European Union. In the context of association with the European community of states, Croatia has an opportunity to improve the position of its Roma community in a relatively short period of time and to accelerate the social integration of the Roma, although – due to an unsatisfactory and non-systematic approach, no consultations with

  10. Quintiliano de Calahorra: didáctica y estrategias educativas en la antigua Roma

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    Milagros Moro Ipola

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available La didáctica, la metodología, el aprendizaje, el currículum,... todos estos conceptos que parecen tan actuales realmente, no lo son tanto. En este trabajo intentamos mostrar otra cara de la educación en la antigua Roma más allá de la repeti- ción, el aburrimiento y los golpes. A través de la obra de Quintiliano de Calahorra pode- mos ver cómo ya, hace dos mil años, hubo profesionales de la enseñanza que, aunque minoritarios, se preocupaban de cómo enseñar y de cómo aprendían sus alumnos. E incluso algo más importante: hubo maestros que respetaban y querían a sus alumnos. Palabras clave: Roma, Quintiliano, Metodología, Aprendizaje. 

  11. Los edificios deportivos de la Roma Antigua Sportive buildings in the ancient Rome

    OpenAIRE

    Angela TEJA

    2013-01-01

    La educación física y el deporte retrocedió —en la Roma antigua— respecto a los ideales físico-corporales griegos. Por contra, se fomentó una notable cultura de espectáculos y divertimentos, especialmente durante la época imperial. A fin de dar cobijo a los diversos espectáculos se construyeron en la ciudad de Roma —y por mimetismo en todas las urbes del Imperio— sofisticados edificios. En efecto, además de una importante red de circos —el más emblemático de los cuales fue el circo Máximo—, s...

  12. Knowledge and awareness of tuberculosis among Roma population in Belgrade: a qualitative study

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    Nagorni-Obradovic Ljudmila M

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tuberculosis (TB remains an important health problem in the Roma population in Serbia. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of increasing awareness of TB and reducing the associated stigmas to reduce the incidence of TB and enable earlier diagnosis and effective treatment. This study investigated the knowledge and beliefs about transmission, symptoms and treatment of TB as well as attitudes towards patients with TB among the Roma population in Belgrade. Methods The focus-group method was considered to be appropriate for investigating knowledge and beliefs about TB. A total of 24 Roma people aged 19-55 years participated in three focus-group discussions. Results All participants knew that TB was a pulmonary disease and could be contagious. Saliva was the most commonly mentioned mode of transmission. Some individuals thought, albeit hesitantly, that TB could be transmitted by shaking hands with an infected individual. Of factors contributing to TB, participants mentioned bad living conditions, low quality and lack of food, and stress. Participants quoted chest pain, cough, haemoptysis, loss of appetite, loss of weight, weakness and sweating as basic symptoms of TB. Participants believed that effective treatment should include resting, taking prescribed medicines, inhaling fresh air and eating "strong" food such as bacon and pork; these approaches were considered as important as taking antibiotics. In addition, participants mentioned that they use some folk medicines. Relatives and friends, and to a lesser extent television, were the main sources of information about TB. Participants most appreciate personal contact with doctors as a source of information. Conclusions We concluded that participants were aware of the seriousness TB as well as some of the modes of transmission; however, they had some misconceptions. An important finding was the confidence in doctors expressed by the Roma people.

  13. CORA—a control program for the ROMA on-line alpha detection apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taut, Steffen; Hübener, S.

    2002-07-01

    This paper reports on the new control program CORA for the ROMA detection device. It was developed as part of the HITGAS apparatus for the study of seaborgium ( Z=106) as oxide hydroxide. CORA runs under Win9x and Win NT. It is object oriented, programmed with Borland C++ Builder. Its main features are high flexibility for various experiment modes, hardware independence to a large extent, and an easy-to-understand user interface.

  14. Dentro la Betlemme nera. A Predappio una mostra dedicata alla marcia su Roma

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    Lorena Mussini

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A Predappio, città natale di Mussolini, nel 90º anniversario della marcia su Roma è inaugurata una mostra che ricostruisce il colpo di stato fascista contrapposto alla sua trasfigurazione propagandistica nel mondo scolastico. La mostra si sviluppa su due percorsi paralleli: quello storico fattuale della violenta conquista del potere e quello didattico della trasmissione del mito a scuola, snodo fondamentale per il controllo sociale e luogo prioritario di produzione di consenso verso il regime.

  15. Discourses of Roma Anti-Discrimination in Reports on Human Rights Violations

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    Chloë Delcour

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In an effort to understand the paradox between the expansion of inclusion projects for the Roma and their persisting exclusion, this article explores human rights practice in order to grasp the complexity of meanings of inclusion negotiated in this practice. In this way, we scrutinize whether there are limiting factors within the inclusionary discourse itself. Specifically, we analyze the discourse in transnational judicial, political and civil society actors’ reports on violations of human rights against Roma. A strong shared tendency to frame the violations in terms of discrimination can be discerned in the reports, demonstrating a dominant concept in the human rights discourse for Roma. However, a framing analysis of the underlying assumptions of this concept shows that not all three actors offer the same solutions for obtaining non-discrimination, which can partly explain the limited impact of the ostensibly strong and inclusive anti-discrimination discourse. In contrast, the actors do share a negative attribution of responsibility to the nation states, but the effectiveness of this shared discursive claim can be questioned. This article illustrates how inclusion discourses are actually quite complex to grasp and so it substantiates the need for greater critical understanding of such discourses in further research.

  16. De iustitia et iure (Sobre el Derecho y la Justicia en Roma

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    Iglesias-Redondo, Juan

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Hablar del Derecho en Roma es hablar de la Justicia, pues el Derecho no puede tener otro fin que no sea el de la realización de «lo bueno y de lo justo». Y si el Derecho es norma de convivencia, haciendo posible la vida en común, importa considerar que nada tiene que ver con «mundos vaporosos o etéreos», porque el Derecho es justicia, y ésta se cierne sobre «la realidad viva del suceso humano». Definida la justicia en Roma como «la constante y perpetua voluntad de dar a cada uno su derecho», debe ponerse suficientemente de relieve que se trata de una idea de justicia que, estableciendo una cierta igualdad entre los hombres, propende a la consecución del bien común. Mas importa prestar importancia en Roma a «un formidable orden social no jurídico», instado por el mundo de la moralidad social, que actúa a modo de «complemento extrajurídico».

  17. [Expectations and user experiences of older Roma women with health services in primary care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos-Morcillo, Antonio Jesús; Ruzafa-Martínez, María; Fernández-Salazar, Serafín; Del-Pino-Casado, Rafael

    2015-04-01

    To know the expectations and user experiences of older Roma women with health services in primary care (PC). Phenomenological qualitative study. Using focus groups (4-9 women/group) and semistructured interviews. Audio recorded from March to November 2011. Performed in Úbeda and Linares (Spain). Roma women over 50years. A purposive sample stratified by age and area of residence was carried out. Woman were recruited through community leaders. Process of qualitative content analysis: coding, triangulation, obtain and verify results. Supported whit the software Nvivo 8. Three focus groups and four interviews were conducted, including 23 women. The expectations for the PC are focus exclusively on their physician, being invisible other professionals. They look for a relationship with their physician based on trust. In their user experience with the PC coexist three types of user: who goes to their appointments, demands attention only in acute disease and does not attend appointments and reviews. There are socio-cultural factors related to accessibility. Older Roma women set their expectations and experiences with health service in PC around the binomial disease/physician. Expect attention based on trust and a high instrumentalization. A speech with signs of change directed towards a more active and demanding participation in PC services is observed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  18. Stories with and about wall carpets. An anthropological account on the inhabitation of Ursari Romanian Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Racleş

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to discuss the ways in which objects assist us in telling small stories about our positions in relation to our inhabited space, but also in relation to perceived dichotomised categories like us-others, the modern-the outmoded, civilized-backward. Acknowledging that narratives emerge from interactions between people, this paper is an attempt to show that an important role in the emergence of stories is played by interactions between people and objects. The wall carpets hung by Ursari Roma from a north-eastern Romanian town and the stories developed with and about these items constitute the main focus of this analysis. From an anthropological and material culture perspective, wall carpets are discussed as material presences in storytelling events and as objects of experience-centred stories that assist Roma people in negotiating and enacting their identities and belongings. Taking a cue from Georgakopoulou, who argues that narratives count on both discourses and activities (2007, home making practices and domestic activities (such as those related to the maintenance of the wall carpets are essential to this paper, as they enable an understanding of the “performative narrative of daily life” (Langellier 2004. The analysis is based on ethnographic material collected in 2014 in the aforementioned community, while the unit of analysis consists of excerpts from discussions with two Roma families, which became storytelling episodes.

  19. VAiRoma: A Visual Analytics System for Making Sense of Places, Times, and Events in Roman History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Isaac; Dou, Wewnen; Wang, Derek Xiaoyu; Sauda, Eric; Ribarsky, William

    2016-01-01

    Learning and gaining knowledge of Roman history is an area of interest for students and citizens at large. This is an example of a subject with great sweep (with many interrelated sub-topics over, in this case, a 3,000 year history) that is hard to grasp by any individual and, in its full detail, is not available as a coherent story. In this paper, we propose a visual analytics approach to construct a data driven view of Roman history based on a large collection of Wikipedia articles. Extracting and enabling the discovery of useful knowledge on events, places, times, and their connections from large amounts of textual data has always been a challenging task. To this aim, we introduce VAiRoma, a visual analytics system that couples state-of-the-art text analysis methods with an intuitive visual interface to help users make sense of events, places, times, and more importantly, the relationships between them. VAiRoma goes beyond textual content exploration, as it permits users to compare, make connections, and externalize the findings all within the visual interface. As a result, VAiRoma allows users to learn and create new knowledge regarding Roman history in an informed way. We evaluated VAiRoma with 16 participants through a user study, with the task being to learn about roman piazzas through finding relevant articles and new relationships. Our study results showed that the VAiRoma system enables the participants to find more relevant articles and connections compared to Web searches and literature search conducted in a roman library. Subjective feedback on VAiRoma was also very positive. In addition, we ran two case studies that demonstrate how VAiRoma can be used for deeper analysis, permitting the rapid discovery and analysis of a small number of key documents even when the original collection contains hundreds of thousands of documents.

  20. From Obama to Samara: What changes do the Spanish education system and the Roma movement have to make so that one day it will be possible for a Roma woman to be president?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli Silva

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The American civil rights movement was started by an African Americanwoman who was a participant in a popular education centre. This centre played a key role in the social transformations that led us to elect an African American president in the primary great world power. The Spanish education system needs progressive transformationswhich will contribute to overcoming the segregation and school failure of female Roma children. Roma women, as the driving force behind transformation in their population,are active agents when deciding on the type of schooling they want for the future of theirchildren. Through associations, and hand in hand with the educational theories and practices provided by the international scientific community, in this article we present thetransformations which many schools in Spain are carrying out in order to overcome the social exclusion of the Roma population. In this article we provide the foundations to build a movement of female Roma university graduates who, by including the voices ofall of the women in their community, continue to be the driving force behind social transformation. In this way one day education and society in this country will have improved to such an extent that it will be possible for a Roma woman to be president.

  1. The Prodigies of The Albano Lake During Roman Age and Natural Hazard Assessment At Roma, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funiciello, R.; Giordano, G.; de Rita, D.

    Roma is built just 20 km to the northwest of the Pleistocene Colli Albani volcano, but is believed not exposed to relevant natural hazards, except for the Tiber river flood- ings, and local amplification of seismic waves from distal earthquakes. This belief has generally induced modern historians and geologists to discard as SmythologicalT the & cedil;many references to natural prodigies that are reported by many Roman-age historians. Recent studies have demonstrated that the Albano maar, the youngest volcanic cen- tre of the Colli Albani volcano and presently filled by a 175 m deep lake, protracted its activity to the Holocene triggering several catastrophic lahar events, likely related to lake withdrawal, the deposits of which are exposed to the southwest of Roma and reach its periphery. This finding youngs the history of the volcano and makes it rele- vant to pre-historic settlements, which ScarefullyT avoided the Albano maar slopes up & cedil;to the Bronze age. What is still unknown, though, is whether the lake experienced such fluctuations and overspills during historic times. Several Roman authors such as Ti- tus Livius, Dionigi d'Alicarnasso, Plutarco, Germanico, and many others wrote about the then well known 398 BC prodigious event, when, during the war between Roma and the Etruscan city of Veio, the gods anger caused the sudden rise and overspill of the Albano lake, reported as unrelated to climatic events, and the destructive flooding of the countryside. After that event Romans actually built a tunnel-drain which still operates regulating the lake level at 293 m a.s.l., 70 m below the maar rim elevation. Should those chronicles be truthful, we can join the geologic observation of Holocene lahar deposits from lake withdrawal with historical lake withdrawals, reassessing the natural hazard for the city of Roma under a point of view never explored before. This paper carefully explores the historical credibility of the 398 BC lake overspill event and its

  2. [Birth weight of Roma neonates: effect of biomedical and socioeconomic factors in Hungary].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balázs, Péter; Fogarasi-Grenczer, Andrea; Rákóczi, Ildikó; Foley, Kristie L

    2014-06-15

    Bevezetés: Roma újszülöttek testtömegével kapcsolatban nagy elemszámú magyarországi mintára alapozott tanulmány utoljára 1991-ben jelent meg, és 377 gramm különbséget jelzett a romák hátrányára. Az összetett probléma mélyebb hátterének megvilágítása mindenképpen indokolta egy többváltozós lineáris regressziós analízis elvégzését. Célkitűzés. Az anyákra és az újszülöttekre vonatkozó adatok epidemiológiai módszerekkel történő összehasonlítása a roma és nem roma népességnél, a biomedicinális és a szociális jellemzők mentén. Az újszülöttek testtömegének kiemelt vizsgálata a különbségek tisztázása érdekében. Módszer: A szerzők öt észak- és kelet-magyarországi megyében 2009 és 2012 között a szülést követő évben kérdőíves adatgyűjtést végeztek, romák és nem romák önazonosításával. Az adatokat az IBM-SPSS v. 22 programmal dolgozták fel. Eredmények: A roma (n = 3103) és nem roma (n = 8918) minta nyers átlagában 294 gramm különbséget találtak a roma újszülöttek hátrányára, amely lineáris regresszióval 92 grammra csökkent az etnikai változó mentén. Következtetések: Nincs abszolút bizonyíték arra, hogy kizárják a biológiai (genetikai) eredetet a roma újszülöttek kisebb testtömegének hátterében. A szerzők többváltozós elemzése azonban főként a komplex biomedicinális és társadalmi-gazdasági-kulturális tényezők hatását jelzi. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(24), 954–962.

  3. Interethnic variability of CYP4F2 (V433M) in admixed population of Roma and Hungarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sipeky, Csilla; Weber, Agnes; Melegh, Bela I; Matyas, Petra; Janicsek, Ingrid; Szalai, Renata; Szabo, Istvan; Varnai, Reka; Tarlos, Greta; Ganczer, Alma; Melegh, Bela

    2015-07-01

    Pharmacogenetic based dosing recommendations are provided in FDA-approved warfarin label for Caucasians. Evidence of notable difference in dosing algorithms of under-represented populations forced us to explore the genetic variability of CYP4F2 gene in Roma and Hungarian populations. 484 Roma, 493 Hungarian untreated subjects were genotyped for the CYP4F2*3 (rs2108622) variant by PCR-RFLP assay. We firstly report, that frequencies of the CYP4F2 rs2108622 GG, GA, AA genotypes and A allele in the Roma population were 46.5%, 42.6%, 10.9% and 32.2%; in Hungarians 50.1%, 42.2%, 7.7% and 22.8%, respectively. Bearing of two minor alleles of CYP4F2 missense variant (AA genotype) modestly explains inter-ethnic differences of studied populations (pRoma (0.32) was in higher range, and of Hungarians (0.23) in lower range, as compared with other world populations. Roma have an elevated chance for higher mean warfarin dose, besides a decreased risk of major bleeding events in long-term warfarin use. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. HIV-related risk behaviors among Roma youth in Serbia: results of two community-based surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djonic, Danijela; Djuric, Marija; Bassioni-Stamenic, Farida; McFarland, Willi; Knezevic, Tanja; Nikolic, Slobodan; Zivkovic, Vladimir; Vallabhaneni, Snigdha

    2013-02-01

    The Roma constitute a large ethnic minority in Serbia, and are one of the poorest and most marginalized groups in Europe. Roma youth may be at high risk for hepatitis C, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections, but little is known about the prevalence of these infectious diseases, HIV-related knowledge, and risky sexual behaviors in this vulnerable population. We used a respondent-driven sampling to conduct biobehavioral surveys of Roma youth (aged 15-24 years) in Belgrade and Kragujevac, and to document HIV-related knowledge and risky sexual behaviors, health-seeking behaviors, and seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and syphilis. Four hundred eleven Roma youth participated in this study. One participant had HIV, four had HCV, and none had syphilis. Risky sexual behaviors were highly prevalent, especially among male subjects: 36.2% (Belgrade) and 45.1% (Kragujevac) had sexual debut before the age of 15 years; 53.9% (Belgrade) and 61.1% (Kragujevac) had more than one sexual partner in the past year; 11.5% (Belgrade) and 4.6% (Kragujevac) reported engaging in commercial sex; and 4.0% (Belgrade) and 3.2% (Kragujevac) reported having anal sex with other men. Among female subjects aged Roma youth in Serbia are at high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections. Copyright © 2013 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Inequalities in mortality by socioeconomic factors and Roma ethnicity in the two biggest cities in Slovakia: a multilevel analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosicova, Katarina; Reijneveld, Sijmen A; Madarasova Geckova, Andrea; Stewart, Roy E; Rosic, Martin; Groothoff, Johan W; van Dijk, Jitse P

    2015-11-05

    The socioeconomic and ethnic composition of urban neighbourhoods may affect mortality, but evidence on Central European cities is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between socioeconomic and ethnic neighbourhood indicators and the mortality of individuals aged 20-64 years old in the two biggest cities of the Slovak Republic. We obtained data on the characteristics of neighbourhoods and districts (educational level, unemployment, income and share of Roma) and on individual mortality of residents aged 20-64 years old, for the two largest cities in the Slovak Republic (Bratislava and Kosice) in the period 2003-2005. We performed multilevel Poisson regression analyses adjusted for age and gender on the individual (mortality), neighbourhood (education level and share of Roma in population) and district levels (unemployment and income). The proportions of Roma and of low-educated residents were associated with mortality at the neighbourhood level in both cities. Mutually adjusted, only the association with the proportion of Roma remained in the model (risk ratio 1.02; 95 % confidence interval 1.01-1.04). The area indicators - high education, income and unemployment - were not associated with mortality. The proportion of Roma is associated with early mortality in the two biggest cities in the Slovak Republic.

  6. Culture and the school: The degree of educational integration of Roma and Gypsies in the Peloponnese region of Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiprianos, Pandelis; Daskalaki, Ivi; Stamelos, Georgios B.

    2012-10-01

    This article examines the degree of integration of Roma and Gypsy children in formal education in the Peloponnese region of Greece. It is based on field research conducted by the University of Patras during the school year 2006/07 within the framework of the Greek Ministry of Education's "Integration of Roma children in school" programme, funded by the European Union. Despite governmental incentives for poor families to enrol their school-aged children, school attendance of Roma and Gypsy children was found to decline from primary year one to primary year six, with hardly any of them entering secondary school at all. Besides looking at school attendance figures and Roma and Gypsy children's proficiency in reading, writing and numeracy, this paper also considers gender, family composition, living conditions and economic situation, as well as culturally constructed perceptions of childhood and a person's life cycle. The aim of this article is to highlight the contradictions and ambiguities involved in the process of incorporating Roma and Gypsy children in formal education, and to evaluate their school performance and assess their academic choices.

  7. Genetic polymorphisms in promoter and intronic regions of CYP1A2 gene in Roma and Hungarian population samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szalai, Renata; Magyari, Lili; Matyas, Petra; Duga, Balazs; Banfai, Zsolt; Szabo, Andras; Kovesdi, Erzsebet; Melegh, Bela

    2014-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the interethnic differences of four CYP1A2 drug metabolizing enzyme variants. A total of 404 Roma and 396 Hungarian healthy subjects were genotyped for -163C>A, -729C>T, -2467delT and -3860G>A variants of CYP1A2 by RT-PCR and PCR-RFLP technique. The -3860A and -729T allele were not detectable in Roma samples, while in Hungarian samples were present with 2.02% and 0.25% prevalence, respectively. There was a 1.5-fold difference in presence of homozygous -163AA genotype between Hungarian and Roma samples (49.5% vs. 31.9%, pRomas (p=0.025). The -2467delT allele frequency was 6.81% in Roma group and 5.81% in Hungarians. The most frequent allelic constellation was -3860G/-2467T/-729C/-163A in both populations. In conclusion, Hungarians have markedly elevated chance for rapid metabolism of CYP1A2 substrates, intensified procarcinogen activation and increased risk for cancers.

  8. Pontificio Colegio Español de San José de Roma. Aproximación a su historia [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Tineo, P. (Primitivo)

    2011-01-01

    Reseña de Vicente Cárcel Ortí– Lope Rubio Parrado, "Pontificio Colegio Español de San José de Roma. Aproximación a su historia", Pontificio Colegio Español, Roma, 2010, Ed. Sígueme, Salamanca 2010, 400 pp.

  9. Pontificio Colegio Español de San José de Roma. Aproximación a su historia [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Tineo, P. (Primitivo)

    2011-01-01

    Reseña de Vicente Cárcel Ortí– Lope Rubio Parrado, "Pontificio Colegio Español de San José de Roma. Aproximación a su historia", Pontificio Colegio Español, Roma, 2010, Ed. Sígueme, Salamanca 2010, 400 pp.

  10. Increasing Access to Higher Education and the Reproduction of Social Inequalities: The Case of Roma University Students in Eastern and Southeastern Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garaz, Stela; Torotcoi, Simona

    2017-01-01

    This article explores how elitist elements are preserved within an expanding higher education. It analyzes whether the choice of field of study may be one of these elements and focuses on the case of Roma students in Eastern and Southeastern Europe. The analysis reveals that Roma in the region are not only underrepresented in higher education in…

  11. MARVELD2 (DFNB49) mutations in the hearing impaired Central European Roma population--prevalence, clinical impact and the common origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mašindová, Ivica; Šoltýsová, Andrea; Varga, Lukáš; Mátyás, Petra; Ficek, Andrej; Hučková, Miloslava; Sůrová, Martina; Šafka-Brožková, Dana; Anwar, Saima; Bene, Judit; Straka, Slavomír; Janicsek, Ingrid; Ahmed, Zubair M; Seeman, Pavel; Melegh, Béla; Profant, Milan; Klimeš, Iwar; Riazuddin, Saima; Kádasi, Ľudevít; Gašperíková, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    In the present study we aimed: 1) To establish the prevalence and clinical impact of DFNB49 mutations in deaf Roma from 2 Central European countries (Slovakia and Hungary), and 2) to analyze a possible common origin of the c.1331+2T>C mutation among Roma and Pakistani mutation carriers identified in the present and previous studies. We sequenced 6 exons of the MARVELD2 gene in a group of 143 unrelated hearing impaired Slovak Roma patients. Simultaneously, we used RFLP to detect the c.1331+2T>C mutation in 85 Hungarian deaf Roma patients, control groups of 702 normal hearing Romanies from both countries and 375 hearing impaired Slovak Caucasians. We analyzed the haplotype using 21 SNPs spanning a 5.34Mb around the mutation c.1331+2T>C. One pathogenic mutation (c.1331+2T>C) was identified in 12 homozygous hearing impaired Roma patients. Allele frequency of this mutation was higher in Hungarian (10%) than in Slovak (3.85%) Roma patients. The identified common haplotype in Roma patients was defined by 18 SNP markers (3.89 Mb). Fourteen common SNPs were also shared among Pakistani and Roma homozygotes. Biallelic mutation carriers suffered from prelingual bilateral moderate to profound sensorineural hearing loss. We demonstrate different frequencies of the c.1331+2T>C mutation in hearing impaired Romanies from 3 Central European countries. In addition, our results provide support for the hypothesis of a possible common ancestor of the Slovak, Hungarian and Czech Roma as well as Pakistani deaf patients. Testing for the c.1331+2T>C mutation may be recommended in GJB2 negative Roma cases with early-onset sensorineural hearing loss.

  12. Racial, Ethnic, or National Minority? Legal Discourses and Policy Frameworks on the Roma in Hungary and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andras L. Pap

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Inspired by recent Hungarian legislative developments that, in reference to the Roma minority, exchanged the term “ethnic minority” with “nationality”, by providing a detailed case study of the development and morphology of policy measures and frameworks in Hungary, the article provides a general assessment of the relationship between policy instruments and terminology: that is, definitions and conceptualizations in international and domestic legal and policy documents for minority groups. The author argues that while terminology in itself is not a reliable signifier for policy frameworks, it may reveal contradictory group conceptualization and inconsistent policy-making. In regards to the Roma, the author claims that the inconsistent labelling as an ethnic, racial and national minority reflects the lack of consistent conceptualization of who the Roma are, and what should be done with them.

  13. Racial, Ethnic, or National Minority? Legal Discourses and Policy Frameworks on the Roma in Hungary and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andras L. Pap

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Inspired by recent Hungarian legislative developments that, in reference to the Roma minority, exchanged the term “ethnic minority” with “nationality”, by providing a detailed case study of the development and morphology of policy measures and frameworks in Hungary, the article provides a general assessment of the relationship between policy instruments and terminology: that is, definitions and conceptualizations in international and domestic legal and policy documents for minority groups. The author argues that while terminology in itself is not a reliable signifier for policy frameworks, it may reveal contradictory group conceptualization and inconsistent policy-making. In regards to the Roma, the author claims that the inconsistent labelling as an ethnic, racial and national minority reflects the lack of consistent conceptualization of who the Roma are, and what should be done with them.

  14. The Meaning of Health, Well-Being, and Quality of Life Perceived by Roma People in West Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Åsa Andersson

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Many Roma people in Sweden are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor health. The aim is to describe how a group of Roma people, in West Sweden, understand health, well-being, and quality of life within the Roma context, and how they cope with their life-situation. Data consisted of qualitative interviews. The data were analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The respondents mainly understood the concept of Health as “being healthy” and “feeling good”. Elements that were crucial part of the respondents’ health perception were being employed, having an education, social support from family and friends, freedom and security, and the extent of involvement in society. The results indicate that the respondents perceive their health and life situation as good, despite of their marginalized situation and discrimination.

  15. The cardiovascular risk factors of the Roma (gypsies) people in Central-Eastern Europe: a review of the published literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobranici, M; Buzea, A; Popescu, R

    2012-12-15

    Estimated number of the Roma people in central-eastern Europe cannot be precisely appreciated, but official data suggest that in the 2004 they were approximately 4.2 million. At this time, there are few available data about the health status of the Roma people, mostly assessing genetic and infectious diseases, which reflect poverty, overcrowding, and lack of education. There is even less data regarding non-communicable and chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases. We searched the published literature on the cardiovascular risk factors in Roma people using PubMed from January 2000 to July 2011. The searching criteria were: (1) randomized, prospective observational, retrospective and meta-analysis; (2) adult patients with cardiac diseases or cardiovascular risk factors (3) data available for cardiovascular patients. Search terms included dyslipidemia, obesity, tobacco, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. Twenty-five studies were identified. Approximately 75% of them were related to just four countries: Slovakia, Croatia, Czech Republic, and Serbia. This paper is a review based on existing literature concerning classical risk factors in Roma people with emphasis on their ethnical features. Despite limited data, the results showed that this ethnicity has the incriminated risk factors more frequently than the majority and consequently a higher cardiovascular morbidity rate. Quantification of the cardiovascular risk factor and their implication in the shortening of life expectancy in Roma population was a provocation due to a paucity of reliable data. At this time, we should pay more attention on the Roma health issues and the cultural concerns that might affect them in the context of borderless Europe.

  16. The European Union and the Protection of the Roma Minority in the Fields of Education and Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLAUDIA PARASCHIVESCU

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of the European Union is permanently evolving, and this determined a change in the principle of sovereignty of the nation-state. This article presents the impact of European policies on the Roma minority in France and Romania, taking into account the status attributed to them in the two countries: foreigners and ethnic minority, respectively. The aim of the article is to analyze and assess the European policy with respect to Roma people in two of the areas where segregation is most obvious: education and housing.

  17. The challenge of defining the object of study. The case study of a group of bosnian roma

    OpenAIRE

    Solimene, Marco, 1976-

    2012-01-01

    One of the challenges of investigating social groups is to conjugate the necessity to define the object of study with the need to report its complexity. I will discuss this issue by describing the internal variety of the Romani world from the viewpoint of the Roma involved in my doctoral research: Bosnian xoraxané (Muslim) romá living in Rome (Italy). My aim is to show the distance between the ways in which the romá and the non-Roma conceive and handle Romani identity. Indeed, they both ap...

  18. La trasformazione dal DATUM catastale ai DATUM Roma 1940 e ETRF2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Cina

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Nell’articolo verrà esposta una procedura geodetica di trasformazione dal DATUM catastale, verso il DATUM Roma 1940 oltre che ETRF2000, messa a punto presso il Politecnico di Torino – DIATI. Essa è stata applicata nella Regione Piemonte, realtà particolarmente complessa per la consistente presenza di sistemi d’asse di piccola estensione (circa 540, dopo una sperimentazione eseguita nell’ambito di una collaborazione scientifica tra l’Agenzia del Territorio e il Politecnico di Torino – DIATI e in base ad un accordo tra Politecnico di Torino, Regione Piemonte e CSI Piemonte.

  19. Community Mobilization for Slum Upgrading through Sanitation in Roma Informal Settlements in the Paris Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ipsita Nita Chaudhuri

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundCommunity-based processes addressing environment, housing, and health issues may decrease health inequities by addressing social, economic, and political health determinants more effectively. Yet little analysis of their effectiveness has been undertaken and their potential transfer to marginalized groups in rich country settings. In Europe, stark health inequalities are seen among the Roma, Europe’s most impoverished community who often reside in informal settlements suffering from illiteracy, inadequate housing, and lack of water and sanitation. This paper assesses a dry sanitation project in a Roma informal settlement in the Paris region to improve their living conditions.MethodsBetween 2014 and 2017, multiple stakeholders were involved in a participatory process of design, construction, and maintenance of toilets. Interviews, mapping, model construction, and facilitated discussion were used to identify design features and follow-up indicators. Field notes, videos, questionnaires, and observation provided data for monitoring and evaluation. For questionnaires delivered to women in the community, a cross section time series was conducted to due to migration.ResultsDespite issues related to maintenance, the overall quality of life of women improved after toilet construction. This included indicators for comfort, cleanliness, practicality, privacy, security, and menstrual hygiene management. Furthermore, fewer women restrained themselves from relieving themselves or from drinking less water to avoid urinating. Odors continued to be an issue. Self-reporting of illnesses, such as diarrhea and urinary tract infections, were not reliable due to the vague description of these illnesses and the potential recall bias. Appropriate sanitation in informal settlements is a necessity as shown by feedback from Roma women and the literature. However, a more sustainable toilet project would have required an adequate budget, good quality materials

  20. Las ciudades-estado italianas de la Edad Media y la herencia de Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Ascheri, Mario

    2007-01-01

    La herencia de Roma en las ciudades estado italianos ha sido un ámbito de intensa controversia historiográfica, un ensayo crítico como el que se presenta permite observar las pautas históricas, disociar todos los elementos del discurso historiográfico, aportar claves interpretativas desde el ámbito de la historia política y la historia del derecho. The legacy of Rome in the Italian city-states has been a field of intense historiographic controversy. A critic essay as this one makes possibl...

  1. Kongeriket Armenia si rolle i stormaktspolitikken mellom Roma og Partia (75 fvt. til 118 evt.)

    OpenAIRE

    Håberg, Erlend

    2011-01-01

    Denne masteroppgåva hadde som formål å analysere rolla til det antikke kongeriket Armenia og dei armenske kongane si rolle i forhold til dei to stormaktene Roma og Partia i perioden mellom 75 fvt og 118 evt. Var Armenia berre ein brikke som dei to stormaktene kunne tevle over, eller var dei armenske kongane eigne aktørar som kunne ta sjølvstendige val? For å svare på denne problemstillinga såg eg på fem konflikter i den antikke nærausten, der Armenia spelte ei større eller mindre rolle. Først...

  2. Servizi di infomobilità nei trasporti del Comune di Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flaminia Leggeri

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Uno degli obiettivi di ATAC, azienda dei trasporti del Comune di Roma, è quello di fornire informazioni sul servizio di trasporto pubblico da lei operato ad un bacino di utenza sempre più vasto. In quest’ottica ha sviluppato il progetto “ATAC per le aziende” con particolare sensibilità alla Mobilità Sostenibile.One of the objectives of ATAC, the Transportation company of the City of Rome, is to provide information about the service public transport. In this context, it developed the project "ATAC for companies" with particular sensibility to Sustainable Mobility. 

  3. THE DIFFERENCES IN PERCEPTION OF POLICE PROCEDURES BY THE ROMA AND LOCAL WOMEN

    OpenAIRE

    Radetić – Paić, Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    As recent foreign researches show that the victims of extremistic delict need on average more time to recover from the assault, and that they are less satisfied with the treatment of the police than other victims, the aim of this paper is to find the answer to the question on how differently the women victims from the Roma minority group (N=80) percieve police procedures from local women (N=80), both living in Istria, Republic of Croatia. The obtained indicators can confirm the set hypothe...

  4. Ethical issues in communication of diagnosis and end-of-life decision-making process in some of the Romanian Roma communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Gabriel; Enache, Angela; Pârvu, Andrada; Gramma, Rodica; Moisa, Ştefana Maria; Dumitraş, Silvia; Ioan, Beatrice

    2013-08-01

    Medical communication in Western-oriented countries is dominated by concepts of shared decision-making and patient autonomy. In interactions with Roma patients, these behavioral patterns rarely seem to be achieved because the culture and ethnicity have often been shown as barriers in establishing an effective and satisfying doctor-patient relationship. The study aims to explore the Roma's beliefs and experiences related to autonomy and decision-making process in the case of a disease with poor prognosis. Forty-eight Roma people from two Romanian counties participated in semi-structured interviews, conducted by a research team from the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi. Participants were recruited among the chronically ill patients and caregivers. The Roma community opposes informing the terminal patients about their condition, the "silence conspiracy" being widely practiced. The family fully undertakes the right of decision making, thus minimizing the patient's autonomy. We identified ethical dilemmas concerning autonomy, lack of patients' real decision-making power, and paternalistic attitudes exerted firstly by the family and, on demand, by the physician. Instead, the Roma patient benefits from a very active support network, being accompanied at the hospital by numerous relatives. The patient's right to make autonomous decisions promoted in the Western countries and stipulated by the Romanian law has diminished value in the Roma community. For the Roma, the understanding of dignity is not simply individual and personal, but it is closely related to their cultural particularities. Ignoring their cultural values could create conflicts between healthcare providers and community.

  5. The emergence, structure and development of ethnic identity during childhood: the case of Roma identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pnevmatikos, Dimitris; Geka, Maria; Divane, Maria

    2010-12-01

    This study investigates the emergence, development and structure of ethnic identity during childhood. Forty Roma children living in Greece aged between 2.8 and 11.9 years answered questions about their awareness/recognition of four aspects of their ethnic identity-namely place of habitation, traditional costumes, the Roma language, and early betrothal of children-their identity and their sense of stability and constancy. The study also investigates how the children feel about the abandonment of those four aspects. The evidence from the current data supports the hypothesis that awareness of ethnic identity emerges before the age of 4. Moreover, this study offers direct empirical evidence of the multidimensionality of ethnic identity. A model of three concentric rings is proposed, extending from a core containing the most highly valued aspects of ethnic identity to the outer annulus that comprises the nonpermanent and nonstable aspects of ethnic identity. The aspects in each annulus differ in terms of the development of the sense of stability and constancy and the feelings associated with loss of the aspects in question. Even the youngest participants considered the aspects in the core to be stable and constant as well as emotionally charged; and even the 11-year-olds did not consider the aspects contained in the outer, more fluid annulus as stable and constant aspects of their ethnic identity. The development of an aspect is determined by what the majority of adults in a society, at a particular time in history, consider to be most important.

  6. Environmental Equity through Negotiation: A Case Study on Urban Landfills and the Roma Community

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    Ruxandra Mălina Petrescu-Mag

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the necessity to bring environmental equity within the Pata Rât Roma community in Northwest Romania, relying on the answers to three questions: “Does environmental equity exist in Pata Rât?”, “How can it be attained?”, and “To what extent can it be brought to the targeted people?” It was shown how a trio of factors tailors the destiny of Roma inhabitants: being a minority, their ethnicity, and the fact they are living on and off what society rejects and dumps—a landfill. The framing of the environmental equity concerns within a vision considering negotiation as the most adequate means to attain it is a novel approach. Further on, the results of the study can fuel win-win solutions in environmental equity. The information abstracted from a set of indicators, assessed through an evaluation matrix, represents a beneficial platform for future bottom-up decisions concerning landfill residents. Three action options were analyzed: on-site living opportunities—that resulted to be preferred, off-site living opportunities, and “Do nothing”. The analysis provides qualitative evidence that the evaluation of environmental equity is largely subjective, because of its complexity and specificity related to geographical, historical, cultural characteristics, and political interests.

  7. Outbreak of a new measles B3 variant in the Roma/Sinti population with transmission in the nosocomial setting, Italy, November 2015 to April 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filia, Antonietta; Amendola, Antonella; Faccini, Marino; Del Manso, Martina; Senatore, Sabrina; Bianchi, Silvia; Borrini, Bianca Maria; Ciampelli, Alessio; Tanzi, Elisabetta; Filipponi, Maria Teresa; Piccirilli, Giulia; Lazzarotto, Tiziana; Pascucci, Maria Grazia; Baggieri, Melissa; Magurano, Fabio

    2016-05-19

    A measles outbreak occurred from November 2015 to April 2016 in two northern Italian regions, affecting the Roma/Sinti ethnic population and nosocomial setting. Overall, 67 cases were reported. Median age of 43 cases in three Roma/Sinti camps was four years, nosocomial cases were mainly adults. The outbreak was caused by a new measles virus B3.1 variant. Immunisation resources and strategies should be directed at groups with gaps in vaccine coverage, e.g. Roma/Sinti and healthcare workers.

  8. The European Convention on Human Rights and the Protection of the Roma as Controversial Case of Cultural Diversity

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    Kristin Henrard

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The Roma are often the victims of systemic discrimination which is closely related to the prejudices against them and their particular way of life, their own minority identity. When studying to what extent the Roma and their own way of life are protected on the basis of individual human rights in the European Convention on Human Rights, it becomes clear that slowly but surely the European Court of Human Rights acknowledges the vulnerable position of the Roma and their concomitant need of special protection. While significant developments have taken place concerning the preliminary issues of non-discrimination and the protection of physical integrity, the actual protection concerning language rights or educational rights is still rather meagre. Nevertheless, the gradual emergence of a right to an own way of life for Roma and the ensuing positive state obligations might very well enhance the latter incipient protection. The overall tendency of the latest judgements of the Court is to increasingly restrict the margin of appreciation of states, also in the sensitive domain of minority protection.

  9. Social connectedness, life satisfaction and school engagement : moderating role of ethnic minority status on resilience processes of Roma youth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abubakar, Amina; Dimitrova, Radosveta

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: We examined the influence of connectedness on school engagement and life satisfaction among Roma (n = 121) and Bulgarian (n = 143) mainstream adolescents (mean age 15.89, SD = 1.18). A set of measures on family, peer, school and neighbourhood connectedness were administered alongside life

  10. Teaching about the Genocide of the Roma and Sinti during the Holocaust: Chances and Challenges in Europe Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polak, Karen

    2013-01-01

    This article presents several projects, initiated during the first decade of the twenty-first century, that aim to make the history of the genocide of the Roma more known within the educational field. Some general challenges we face in teaching about the history of a group that is both the largest minority in Europe and, according to the European…

  11. Differentiation in the Making: Consequences of School Segregation of Roma in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messing, Vera

    2017-01-01

    This article examines how various forms of ethnic segregation in education affect everyday life and future aspirations of Roma youth in three Central and Eastern European countries: the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia. It draws on a comparative European investigation about the diverging experiences and paths of ethnic minority youth in…

  12. The mediating effect of discrimination, social support and hopelessness on self-rated health of Roma adolescents in Slovakia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; Van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2015-01-01

    Background: According to the EU-MIDIS report on discrimination, Roma are the most discriminated against group in Europe. Research suggests that experiencing discrimination may itself be detrimental to health. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether discrimination, hopelessness and social sup

  13. Youth subcultures and problem behaviours in Slovakia : Hip-Hop, Techno-scene, Metal, Punk, Skinheads and Roma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bobakova, Daniela

    2013-01-01

    Jongeren die deel uitmaken van jeugdsubculturen als hip-hop, techno-scene, metal, punk en skinheads, gebruiken vaker drugs, zijn vaker dronken, spijbelen vaker en beginnen eerder aan seks. Roma-jongeren zijn minder vaak dronken. Dat concludeert Daniela Bobáková op basis van een onderzoek onder deze

  14. Teaching about the Genocide of the Roma and Sinti during the Holocaust: Chances and Challenges in Europe Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polak, Karen

    2013-01-01

    This article presents several projects, initiated during the first decade of the twenty-first century, that aim to make the history of the genocide of the Roma more known within the educational field. Some general challenges we face in teaching about the history of a group that is both the largest minority in Europe and, according to the European…

  15. Interethnic differences of cytochrome P450 gene polymorphisms may influence outcome of taxane therapy in Roma and Hungarian populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szalai, Renata; Ganczer, Alma; Magyari, Lili; Matyas, Petra; Bene, Judit; Melegh, Bela

    2015-12-01

    Taxanes are widely used microtubule-stabilizing chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of cancers. Several cytochrome P450 gene variants have been proven to influence taxane metabolism and therapy. The purpose of this work was to determine the distribution of genetic variations of CYP1B1, CYP2C8 and CYP3A5 genes as the first report on taxane metabolizer cytochrome P450 gene polymorphisms in Roma and Hungarian populations. A total of 397 Roma and 412 Hungarian healthy subjects were genotyped for CYP1B1 c.4326C > G, CYP2C8 c.792C > G and CYP3A5 c.6986A > G variant alleles by PCR-RFLP assay and direct sequencing. We found significant differences in the frequencies of homozygous variant genotypes of CYP1B1 4326 GG (p = 0.002) and CYP3A5 6986 GG (p Roma and Hungarian populations. Regarding minor allele frequencies, for CYP2C8 a significantly increased prevalence was found in 792G allele frequency in the Hungarian population compared to the Roma population (5.83% vs. 2.14%, p = 0.001). Our results can be used as possible predictive factors in population specific treatment algorithms to developing effective programs for a better outcome in patients treated with taxanes.

  16. Promoting the Social Inclusion and Academic Progress of Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Children: A Secondary School Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Siobhan

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify support strategies used to promote "social inclusion" and "academic progress" of Key Stage 3 and 4 Gypsy, Roma and Traveller (GRT) pupils. The study used an interpretivist approach, incorporating an embedded single case study with several participant groups, namely GRT pupils, GRT parents,…

  17. The mediating effect of discrimination, social support and hopelessness on self-rated health of Roma adolescents in Slovakia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolarcik, Peter; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; Van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2015-01-01

    Background: According to the EU-MIDIS report on discrimination, Roma are the most discriminated against group in Europe. Research suggests that experiencing discrimination may itself be detrimental to health. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether discrimination, hopelessness and social

  18. Controversies about cervical cancer screening: A qualitative study of Roma women's (non)participation in cervical cancer screening in Romania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreassen, Trude; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Nicula, Florian; Suteu, Ofelia; Itu, Andreea; Bumbu, Minodora; Tincu, Aida; Ursin, Giske; Moen, Kåre

    2017-06-01

    Romania has Europe's highest incidence and mortality of cervical cancer. While a free national cervical cancer-screening programme has been in operation since 2012, participation in the programme is low, particularly in minority populations. The aim of this study was to explore Roma women's (non)participation in the programme from women's own perspectives and those of healthcare providers and policy makers. We carried out fieldwork for a period of 125 days in 2015/16 involving 144 study participants in Cluj and Bucharest counties. Fieldwork entailed participant observation, qualitative interviewing and focus group discussions. A striking finding was that screening providers and Roma women had highly different takes on the national screening programme. We identified four fundamental questions about which there was considerable disagreement between them: whether a free national screening programme existed in the first place, whether Roma women were meant to be included in the programme if it did, whether Roma women wanted to take part in screening, and to what degree screening participation would really benefit women's health. On the background of insights from actor-network theory, the article discusses to what degree the programme could be said to speak to the interest of its intended Roma public, and considers the controversies in light of the literature on patient centred care and user involvement in health care. The paper contributes to the understanding of the health and health-related circumstances of the largest minority in Europe. It also problematizes the use of the concept of "barriers" in research into participation in cancer screening, and exemplifies how user involvement can potentially help transform and improve screening programmes. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  19. Studi Alkitab Terhadap Sunat Dalam Roma 2:25-29; 3:1 Dan Implikasinya Bagi Kehidupan Kristen Masa Kini

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    Brian Marpay

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Dalam penulisan ini ada beberapa tujuan yang ditetapkan dan yang ingin dicapaiserta merupakan dasar materi ini yaitu: Pertama, untuk menggali pandangan RasulPaulus tentang sunat dalam Roma 2:25-29; 3:1. Kedua, untuk menjawab implikasikebenaran sunat bagi kehidupan Kristen masa kini menurut teologi Perjanjian Baru.Adapun metode yang dipakai dalam penulisan ini: Pertama, penelitian kualitatifatau mencari makna sunat berdasarkan Surat Roma 2:25-29; 3:1. Sistematikapenulisannya ialah, literatur tentang surat Roma, literatur tentang sunat, teologi RasulPaulus. Kedua, eksegesis hermeneutika tentang sunat berdasarkan Roma 2:25-29; 3:1.Teknik pengumpulan data ialah inventarisasi, evaluasi kritis. Teknik analisis data ialahinterpretasi, dan komparasi serta menulis hasilnya secara deskriptif.Berdasarkan uraian tentang studi Alkitab terhadap sunat dalam Roma 2:25-29 ;3:1 dan implikasi bagi kehidupan Kristen masa kini, maka dengan ini penulismengemukakan secara praktis beberapa hasil sebagai kesimpulanya: Pertama, sunatlahiriah tidak berfaedah ketika seseorang masih hidup dalam dosa dan tidak menaatiFirman Tuhan. Kedua, sunat lahiriah hanya sebatas simbolis, sedangkan sunat hatisangat perlu dalam hidup kekristenan. Ketiga, Sunat yang dilakukan secara lahiriah(sarx yakni pada tubuh atau daging hanya sebatas aturan atau tradisi. Keempat, sunathati ialah sebuah situasi di mana seseorang yang sebelumnya hidup dalam dosa namunatas dasar kesadaran akan dosa atau pelanggaran, mempersilahkan Allah untuk masukdalam hatinya, membersihkan hidupnya dari segala dosa (mengerat/menyunatkanhatinya bagi Allah sehingga dapat menjalin intimasi dengan Allah yang kudus. Kelima,sunat sangat bermanfaat bagi kesehatan. Tuhan memakai para tenaga medis untukmenyingkapkan kebenaran. Allah tidak merancang sunat sebagai alasan medis, tetapisunat sangat bermanfaat secara medis.

  20. Approaches to Working with Children, Young People and Families for Traveller, Irish Traveller, Gypsy, Roma and Show People Communities. Annotated Bibliography for the Children's Workforce Development Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Mark; Martin, Kerry; Wilkin, Carol

    2008-01-01

    This annoted bibliography relays a range of issues and approaches to working with Travellers, Irish Travellers, Gypsies, Roma and Show People. This is an accompanying document to the literature review report, ED501860.

  1. Los edificios deportivos de la Roma Antigua Sportive buildings in the ancient Rome

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    Angela TEJA

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La educación física y el deporte retrocedió —en la Roma antigua— respecto a los ideales físico-corporales griegos. Por contra, se fomentó una notable cultura de espectáculos y divertimentos, especialmente durante la época imperial. A fin de dar cobijo a los diversos espectáculos se construyeron en la ciudad de Roma —y por mimetismo en todas las urbes del Imperio— sofisticados edificios. En efecto, además de una importante red de circos —el más emblemático de los cuales fue el circo Máximo—, se levantaron anfiteatros y termas, amén del estadio de Dominiciano. La autora pasa revista a las distintas instalaciones «deportivas» de la Roma antigua, así como a los espectáculos que albergaban: las carreras del circo, los combates de gladiadores, las cacerías de fieras, las naumaquias, sin olvidar las competiciones del estadio y la pasión romana por las termas.Sport and physical education —in Ancient Rome-, looked back to the physical ideals of the Greeks. In contrast, there was also a specific encouragement of spectacles and performance or general entertainment during the Imperial Era. In order to cater for the diverse shows, sophisticated buildings were constructed in Rome, and reproduced in all the built-up areas throughout the Empire. In fact, besides the important circus network, the most emblematic of these being Maximo's Circus, amphitheatres, arenas and spa resorts were constructed, in addition to the Dominitian Stadium. The author studies the different types of «sporting» installations in Ancient Rome, considering the entertainments which took place in them: chariot races, gladiatorial combat, the hunting of wild beasts, naval combats, the stadium sports and, of course, the Roman passion for spas and hot baths.

  2. Use of social learning theory in the prevention of obesity with Roma people

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    Věra Olišarová

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Education is one of the standard components of current nursing care. It is aimed at healthy and diseased and it aims to take responsibility for health. Constantly increasing prevalence of obesity is a global problem. As in the majority population in the Czech Republic and even serious situation of minorities. However, implemented intervention programs and strategies are targeted mainly at the majority population. The concept of social learning theory, however, offers the possibility of integrating previously neglected knowledge as it provides a social context that has a direct impact on the conduct of individuals. Objectives: The aim of this paper is to analyze the problems in the education of the Roma minority and to highlight the possibilities of using the concept of social learning theory in the development of intervention programs aimed at the prevention of overweight and obesity. Methods: This paper is based on data gathered in the implementation of qualitative research, where the research group consists of 25 Roma respondents older than eighteen years of age whose BMI was in the overweight or obese range (ie BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. Among the respondents were 8 men and 17 women. The paper is also supported by the data obtained in the framework of the grant project aimed, inter alia, to determine the prevalence of these diagnoses among the Roma minority. Results: Culturally conditioned behavior patterns are a significant factor that can influence the effectiveness of implemented interventions. Already during the collection history with these patterns manifest themselves. Among other factors, are body image, social functions of eating, socioeconomic status and related dietary composition. Understanding the relationships between these factors and motivational elements of risk behaviors can go into nursing to bring a new dimension. Conclusions: Ethnicity is often a significant factor that affects the effectiveness of

  3. Serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and Risk for Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) as new diagnostic and prognostic tools for epithelial ovarian cancer management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandiera, Elisabetta; Romani, Chiara; Specchia, Claudia; Zanotti, Laura; Galli, Claudio; Ruggeri, Giuseppina; Tognon, Germana; Bignotti, Eliana; Tassi, Renata A.; Odicino, Franco; Caimi, Luigi; Sartori, Enrico; Santin, Alessandro D.; Pecorelli, Sergio; Ravaggi, Antonella

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND The aim of this work was to analyze the diagnostic and prognostic value of serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and Risk for Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS Preoperative serum samples of 419 women (140 healthy controls, 131 ovarian benign cysts, 34 endometriosis, 114 EOC) were tested for CA125 and HE4 using fully automated methods (Abbott ARCHITECT) and validated cut-off values. RESULTS For the discrimination of benign masses from EOC, in pre-menopausal women the sensitivity and specificity were 92.3% and 59.4% for CA125, 84.6% and 94.2% for HE4, and 84.6% and 81.2% for ROMA while in post-menopausal women the sensitivity and specificity were 94.3% and 82.3% for CA125, 78.2% and 99.0% for HE4, 93.1% and 84.4% for ROMA. In patients with EOC, elevated CA125, HE4 and ROMA levels were associated with advanced FIGO stage, sub-optimally debulking, ascites, positive cytology, lymph node involvement and advanced age (all p≤0.05). Elevated HE4 and ROMA (both p≤0.01), but not CA125 (p=0.0579), were associated with undifferentiated tumours. In multivariable analysis, elevated HE4 and ROMA (all p≤0.05) were independent prognostic factors for shorter overall survival, disease free survival and progression free survival. CONCLUSIONS and IMPACT This study underlines the high specificity of HE4 in discriminating endometriosis and ovarian benign cysts from EOC and the high sensitivity of CA125 in detecting EOC. We demonstrated HE4 and ROMA as independent prognostic factors. Multicenter studies are needed to draw firm conclusions about the applicability of HE4 and ROMA in clinical practice. PMID:22028406

  4. Lower carrier rate of GJB2 W24X ancestral Indian mutation in Roma samples from Hungary: implication for public health intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sipeky, Csilla; Matyas, Petra; Melegh, Marton; Janicsek, Ingrid; Szalai, Renata; Szabo, Istvan; Varnai, Reka; Tarlos, Greta; Ganczer, Alma; Melegh, Bela

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this work was to characterise the W24X mutation of the GJB2 gene in order to provide more representative and geographicaly relevant carrier rates of healthy Roma subisolates and the Hungarian population. 493 Roma and 498 Hungarian healthy subjects were genotyped for the GJB2 c.71G>A (rs104894396, W24X) mutation by PCR-RFLP assay and direct sequencing. This is the first report on GJB2 W24X mutation in geographically subisolated Roma population of Hungary compared to local Hungarians. Comparing the genotype and allele frequencies of GJB2 rs104894396 mutation, significant difference was found in GG (98.4 vs. 99.8 %), GA (1.62 vs. 0.20 %) genotypes and A (0.8 vs. 0.1 %) allele between the Roma and Hungarian populations, respectively (p Roma and Hungarian samples carried the GJB2 W24X AA genotype. Considerable result of our study, that the proportion of GJB2 W24X GA heterozygotes and the A allele frequency was eight times higher in Roma than in Hungarians. Considering the results, the mutant allele frequency both in Roma (0.8 %) and in Hungarian (0.1 %) populations is lower than expected from previous results, likely reflecting local differentiated subisolates of these populations and a suspected lower risk for GJB2 mutation related deafness. However, the significant difference in GJB2 W24X carrier rates between the Roma and Hungarians may initiate individual diagnostic investigations and effective public health interventions.

  5. The KRAB Zinc Finger Protein Roma/Zfp157 Is a Critical Regulator of Cell-Cycle Progression and Genomic Stability

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    Teresa L.F. Ho

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Regulation of DNA replication and cell division is essential for tissue growth and maintenance of genomic integrity and is particularly important in tissues that undergo continuous regeneration such as mammary glands. We have previously shown that disruption of the KRAB-domain zinc finger protein Roma/Zfp157 results in hyperproliferation of mammary epithelial cells (MECs during pregnancy. Here, we delineate the mechanism by which Roma engenders this phenotype. Ablation of Roma in MECs leads to unscheduled proliferation, replication stress, DNA damage, and genomic instability. Furthermore, mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs depleted for Roma exhibit downregulation of p21Cip1 and geminin and have accelerated replication fork velocities, which is accompanied by a high rate of mitotic errors and polyploidy. In contrast, overexpression of Roma in MECs halts cell-cycle progression, whereas siRNA-mediated p21Cip1 knockdown ameliorates, in part, this phenotype. Thus, Roma is an essential regulator of the cell cycle and is required to maintain genomic stability.

  6. Does poorer self-rated health mediate the effect of Roma ethnicity on mortality in patients with coronary artery disease after coronaro-angiography?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudzinova, Adriana; Rosenberger, Jaroslav; Stewart, Roy E; van Dijk, Jitse P; Reijneveld, Sijmen A

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this prospective cohort study was to assess the effect of Roma ethnicity and self-rated health (SRH) on 9-year all-cause mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after coronaro-angiography (CAG), and whether SRH mediates the effect of ethnicity. 623 patients (103 Roma) were included. We obtained data from medical records and patients interviews. A Cox regression model adjusted for age, gender and education was used to analyze the effect of Roma ethnicity on mortality, as well as potential mediation by SRH. Roma ethnicity and poor SRH were predictors of increased mortality in patients with CAD, with hazard rates (95 % confidence intervals) 2.34 (1.24; 4.42) and 1.81 (1.02; 3.21). Adding education decreased the size of ethnic differences in mortality. The mediating effect of SRH on the association of ethnicity with mortality was not statistically significant; neither modified ethnicity the effect of SRH. Poor SRH does not mediate the higher mortality among Roma patients after CAG even though it indicates an increased risk of mortality. Roma patients with CAD have to be referred for special cardiological care earlier.

  7. The European Struggle to Educate and Include Roma People: A Critique of Differences in Policy and Practice in Western and Eastern EU Countries

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    Christine O'Hanlon

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Multiculturalism is an established feature of the UK and other European States since the establishment of the Treaty of Rome in 1959. Enlargement has brought EU membership from six (1952 to twenty eight members since its foundation, and allowed free migration across its borders. However, many countries, in spite of agreements to adhere to ‘democratic’ practices, deny minority citizens their full rights, particularly in education contexts. Some recent accession EU States have education systems that are less adaptive to expected policy responsibilities. It is a more unstable aspect of Eastern Europe because of the failure of many of these countries to reduce social and educational inequalities and to establish rights for minority groups, particularly the Roma. An educational focus is used as a platform to highlight issues re the segregation, and discrimination against, Roma children in Europe, typically through the use of special education, which is not suitable for them. Europe generally, both East and West has failed to fully integrate the Roma. Often, institutional blame is placed on Roma communities, rather than situate them socially and economically due to ingrained structural inequalities. Stereotyped categories are often used to ‘label’ them. Countries with high Roma populations, four in Western and five in Eastern Europe are evaluated and compared in relation to the education of Roma children.

  8. ROMA (Rank-Ordered Multifractal Analyses of intermittency in space plasmas – a brief tutorial review

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    T. Chang

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Intermittent fluctuations are the consequence of the dynamic interactions of multiple coherent or pseudo-coherent structures of varied sizes in the stochastic media (Chang, 1999. We briefly review here a recently developed technique, the Rank-Ordered Multifractal Analysis (ROMA, which is both physically explicable and quantitatively accurate in deciphering the multifractal characteristics of such intermittent structures (Chang and Wu, 2008.

    The utility of the method is demonstrated using results obtained from large-scale 2-D MHD simulations as well as in-situ observations of magnetic field fluctuations from the interplanetary and magnetospheric cusp regions, and the broadband electric field oscillations from the auroral zone.

  9. Trust and cooperation in the public sphere: why Roma people should not be excluded?

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    Dragoş DRAGOMAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The recent political developments in Romania and other Central and East European countries, marked by rising populism and political extremism, shed light on the essential issue of building a free, tolerant and inclusive public sphere, which is willing to let arguments to be decisive instead of power, status, race or wealth. The current tendencies of socially excluding Roma, indiscriminately taken by populists for unjustified social burden and intolerable racial difference, are a warning for more radical political action that could undermine on the long-run the effort to set up a democratic public space. Excluding from start an entire minority would only encourage future exclusions based on ideology, ethnicity or religion, according to the narrow definition populists use to give to the concept of ‘people’.

  10. Linguagem no Discurso de Roma: programa de leitura da psicanálise

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    Léa Silveira Sales

    Full Text Available O mais característico programa lacaniano de leitura da psicanálise - aquele que conclama retornar a Freud - é paradigmaticamente anunciado em 1953 no Discurso de Roma. Nessa conferência capital, a psicanálise é submetida a uma "tradução" baseada em instrumentais bastante específicos, notadamente, nos que provêm das filosofias de Kojève e de Heidegger e da antropologia de Lévi-Strauss. Com uma análise interna desse texto, buscaremos acompanhar alguns componentes desse programa - especialmente os que se relacionam aos temas da oposição fala vazia/fala plena, da intersubjetividade e da ordem simbólica - com o intuito de promover uma aproximação de seu sentido.

  11. Escuela Pública y Proyecto Roma. Dadme una escuela y cambiaré el mundo

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    Miguel LÓPEZ MELERO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pone de manifiesto las condiciones que debe reunir una escuela pública para cumplir el valor de lo público. Por eso, hablar de escuela pública es hablar de justicia social y de equidad en educación, y de una escuela de calidad para todos y todas. Hoy en día en la escuela publica es necesario y urgente reflexionar y hacer cambios didácticos en el papel del docente, en el discente y en el currículum. En coherencia con ello, se presenta el Proyecto Roma como modelo educativo y de investigación alternativo que cumple con los Derechos Humanos y busca la mejora de la escuela pública.

  12. Le collezioni di Mammiferi del Museo Civico di Zoologia di Roma: una sintesi storica

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    Gloria Svampa

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il Museo Civico di Zoologia di Roma è sorto nel 1932 all?interno del Giardino Zoologico dell?allora Governatorato di Roma, di cui ha condiviso la direzione tecnica ed amministrativa sino al 1998. Il nucleo centrale delle collezioni è costituito dal materiale di proprietà universitaria, di quello che fu il Museo di Zoologia della Regia Università, a sua volta diretto discendente delle collezioni del Museo di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata del Pontificio Archiginnasio Romano. La quasi totalità degli esemplari tassidermizzati risale al periodo in cui l?Istituto di Zoologia fu diretto da Antonio Carruccio (1883-1914. Dal 1932, la collezione teriologica si è andata arricchendo, in particolare di materiale osteologico, soprattutto con acquisizioni provenienti dal Giardino Zoologico e da rare spedizioni scientifiche, come quella organizzata dal CNR nell?Alto Rio Negro del 1962-3, guidata da Ettore Biocca. Anche a causa del fatto che per molti anni il Museo è stato privo di curatori, mancano importanti collezioni teriologiche da studio, fatta eccezione per quella cetologica. In molti casi, singoli esemplari potenzialmente di grande valore scientifico, mancano di dati esatti sulla località di cattura. Nell?ambito di un programma di ricatalogazione della collezione recentemente intrapreso, particolare attenzione è stata posta all?acquisizione di tutti i dati legati alla storia dei singoli esemplari, rintracciabili attraverso i resoconti di viaggio dei singoli esploratori. Nel periodo universitario, infatti, il Museo della nuova capitale d?Italia fu oggetto di grande attenzione da parte di privati ed enti, a partire dai Savoia, che donarono le loro collezioni o il materiale raccolto durante le spedizioni effettuate. Il lavoro di revisione in corso sta mettendo in luce una serie di esemplari meritevoli di ulteriori, dettagliate ricerche. È probabile che molto del materiale del Museo, pervenuto a Roma attraverso donazioni della famiglia reale

  13. De Castellón a Roma: el canónigo Vicente Giner (Ca. 1636-1681

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    Aterido Fernández, Ángel

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de un artista español en la Roma papal, se contempla siempre como un privilegio de disfrute infrecuente, en los siglos del Renacimiento y el Barroco. No es hasta el pleno siglo XVIII, con la institucionalización de los pensionados de San Fernando, cuando la constancia documental de los españoles en las academias romanas parece hacerla más habitual. Limitadísimas son las noticias que disponemos de ellos, casi siempre procedentes de crónicas y raramente de documentos exhumados de los archivos romanos, lo que explica que la andadura italiana se haya tenido como excepcional. Ante la penuria de datos, parece arriesgado aventurar una «solución» concluyente sobre el tema de los españoles en Roma.…

  14. Demographic Behaviour of Roma Population – Beyond Tradition and Towards Modernity. Case Study of Oltenia Region (Romania

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    Mihaela-Daniela Preda

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing the demographic behavior of the Roma population is a difficult endeavor due to the fact that the available statistical data concerning this population’s exact number presents significant errors. Considering the fertility data, to which we should add the mortality rates, we appreciate that Roma, as an ethnic group, have had a mostly ascending evolution from a demographical point of view - and this situation isn’t always reflected by the statistics. As far as the fertility data goes, its level is dictated by a series of factors whose detailed analysis shows a past preference for a high number of children per family, specifically for the continuously nomadic tribes, also associated with increased values of fertility rates which perpetuated to this day. The mortality values registered within the Roma population fall within the standard values for the entire population - differences were spotted by analyzing the infant mortality. On a final note, these indicators are meant to present inequalities based on the living standards of the population. The analysis of migrants as an important component of the migratory movement brings into discussion one of the most current subjects: that of the percentage of Roma population that participate to the international migration flow. The preference for destination countries, which in most cases is attributed to their previously nomadic traditional life style, is determined by a series of factors, the most important of which being their financial situation. All these elements lead towards an accurate appreciation of the demographic behavior of this ethnic group, while also emphasizing the causes which determine the demographic phenomena, both due to the traditional and modern background.

  15. Access to health care for Roma children in Central and Eastern Europe: findings from a qualitative study in Bulgaria

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    Spencer Nick J

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the attention the situation of the Roma in Central and Eastern Europe has received in the context of European Union enlargement, research on their access to health services is very limited, in particular with regard to child health services. Methods 50 qualitative in-depth interviews with users, providers and policy-makers concerned with child health services in Bulgaria, conducted in two villages, one town of 70,000 inhabitants, and the capital Sofia. Results Our findings provide important empirical evidence on the range of barriers Roma children face when accessing health services. Among the most important barriers are poverty, administrative and geographical obstacles, low levels of parental education, and lack of ways to accommodate the cultural, linguistic and religious specifics of this population group. Conclusion Our research illustrates the complexity of the problems the Roma face. Access to health care cannot be discussed in isolation from other problems this population group experiences, such as poverty, restricted access to education, and social exclusion.

  16. Ethnic differences in the association of thrombophilic polymorphisms with obstetric complications in Slovak and Roma (Gypsy) populations.

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    Bozikova, Alexandra; Gabrikova, Dana; Pitonak, Jozef; Bernasovska, Jarmila; Macekova, Sona; Lohajova-Behulova, Regina

    2015-02-01

    Hereditary as well as acquired thrombophilia is associated with a higher incidence of severe obstetric complications such as preeclampsia, spontaneous pregnancy loss, placental abruption, and fetal growth retardation. The aim of our study was to examine the association of selected thrombophilic polymorphisms (factor V Leiden, MTHFR C677T, and MTHFR A1298C) with pregnancy complications in the Slovak majority population and the Roma (Gypsy) ethnic population. The study included 354 women; 120 patients and 105 controls from the Slovak majority population, 50 patients and 79 controls from the Slovak Roma population. Genotyping was performed by the real-time polymerase chain reaction method using TaqMan(®) MGB probes. A statistically significant higher frequency of factor V Leiden (p=0.001, odds ratio [OR]=5.9) and MTHFR C677T polymorphism (p=0.011, OR=1.7) was observed in the Slovak majority patient group compared to the control group. The incidence of MTHFR A1298C polymorphism between patients and controls did not differ significantly. None of the three polymorphisms studied was in association with pregnancy complications in the group of Roma women. Our study has confirmed the variable distribution of selected thrombophilic polymorphisms in different ethnic groups as well as their various effects on the clinical phenotype.

  17. Siracusa entre Roma e Cartago durante a Segunda Guerra Púnica Syracuse among Rome and Carthage in the Second Punic War

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    Matheus Coutinho Figuinha

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde o aparecimento da tese de Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges sobre a aliança das aristocracias gregas a Roma (1858, a historiografia tem enfatizado, com relação às cidades siciliotas durante a Segunda Guerra Púnica, uma filiação unilateral da aristocracia a Roma e da plebe a Cartago. A partir do caso de Siracusa, procuramos entender quais eventos levaram a uma aliança ora com Roma, ora com Cartago, e quais eram as personagens envolvidas e seus interesses para saber até que ponto a tese de Fustel se sustenta. A análise é dividida em duas partes, antes e depois do assassinato do tirano Jerônimo.Since the appearance of Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges’s thesis about the alliance of the Greek aristocracies to Rome (1858, historiography has been emphasizing, regarding the Sicilian cities during the Second Punic War, a unilateral filiation of the aristocracy to Rome and the plebs to Carthage. Taking the case of Syracuse, we try to understand which events led to an alliance either with Rome or Carthage, who were the characters involved and what were their interests in order to evaluate the sustainability of Fustel’s thesis. The analysis is divided in two parts, before and after the murder of the tyrant Hieronymus.

  18. Hodgkin disease therapy induced second malignancy susceptibility 6q21 functional variants in roma and hungarian population samples.

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    Varszegi, Dalma; Duga, Balazs; Melegh, Bela I; Sumegi, Katalin; Kisfali, Peter; Maasz, Anita; Melegh, Bela

    2014-07-01

    Patients treated successfully for pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma are known to develop secondary malignancies; care is already taken in treatment to prevent this adverse effect. Recent GWAS study identified rs4946728 and rs1040411 noncoding SNPs located between PRDM1 and ATG1 genes on chromosome 6q21 as risk factors for secondary malignancies in patients formerly treated with radiotherapy for pediatric Hodgkin disease. We investigated the allele frequencies of these two SNPs in biobanked, randomly selected DNA of average, apparently healthy Hungarians (n = 277) and in samples of Roma (n = 279) population living Hungary. The risk allele frequency for rs4946728 was 79.4 % in Hungarian and 83.5 % in Roma samples, while for rs1040411 it was 56.4 % in Hungarian and 55.8 % in Roma samples. These values are quite similar in the two populations, and are rather high. The values are higher than those frequencies observed in the controls (rs4946728: 59.1 % and rs1040411: 39.6 %, p < 0.05), and are in the range of the cases (86 % and 68.2 %, respectively) of the above original GWAS study. Our findings suggest, that beside the already taken precautions, genetic characterization of Hungarian pediatric Hodgkin patients seems to be advantageous prior to the treatment of their disease.

  19. Homozygous EXOSC3 mutation c.92G→C, p.G31A is a founder mutation causing severe pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1 among the Czech Roma.

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    Schwabova, Jaroslava; Brozkova, Dana Safka; Petrak, Borivoj; Mojzisova, Mahulena; Pavlickova, Klara; Haberlova, Jana; Mrazkova, Lenka; Hedvicakova, Petra; Hornofova, Ludmila; Kaluzova, Marie; Fencl, Filip; Krutova, Marcela; Zamecnik, Josef; Seeman, Pavel

    2013-12-01

    Pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1 (PCH1) is characterized by cerebellar and anterior horn motor neuron degeneration and loss, signs of spinal muscular atrophy plus. Patients manifest severe perinatal weakness, hypotonia, and respiratory insufficiency, causing death frequently before the age of 1 year. Recently, causative mutations in EXOSC3 were reported in a majority of PCH1 patients, but the detailed clinical phenotype caused by EXOSC3 mutations, genotype-phenotype correlations, and prevalent mutations in specific ethnic groups is not yet known. Three unrelated Czech Roma patients with PCH1 were investigated clinically, electrophysiologically, neuroradiologically, and neuropathologically (patients 1 and 2). The entire coding region of the EXOSC3 gene, including the adjacent intron sequences, was sequenced in all three patients. The same mutation c.92G→C, p.G31A in EXOSC3 was found in all three affected patients in homozygous state and in heterozygous state in the parents from two of the families. Haplotype analysis with four flanking microsatellite markers showed identical haplotype in 9 out of 11 haplotypes carrying the c.92G→C, p.G31A mutation. Furthermore, four heterozygotes for this mutation were found in anonymous DNA samples from 90 unrelated Roma individuals. All four of these samples shared the same haplotype. No heterozygous sample was found among 120 anonymous DNA samples from Czech non-Roma individuals with no familial relation. It may therefore be concluded that EXOSC3 c.92G→C, p.G31A mutation is a founder mutation with high prevalence among the Czech Roma causing a similar and particularly severe phenotype of PCH1. These observations from the Czech Roma may have consequences also for other Roma from other countries. PCH1 caused by EXOSC3 founder mutation c.92G→C, p.G31A extends the list of autosomal recessive disorders rare among the general population but more frequent among Roma at least in the Czech Republic.

  20. Founder mutations in NDRG1 and HK1 genes are common causes of inherited neuropathies among Roma/Gypsies in Slovakia.

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    Gabrikova, Dana; Mistrik, Martin; Bernasovska, Jarmila; Bozikova, Alexandra; Behulova, Regina; Tothova, Iveta; Macekova, Sona

    2013-11-01

    Autosomal recessive forms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) account for less than 10 % of all CMT cases, but are more frequent in the populations with a high rate of consanguinity. Roma (Gypsies) are a transnational minority with an estimated population of 10 to 14 million, in which a high degree of consanguineous marriages is a generally known fact. Similar to the other genetically isolated founder populations, the Roma harbour a number of unique or rare autosomal recessive disorders, caused by "private" founder mutations. There are three subtypes of autosomal recessive CMT with mutations private to the Roma population: CMT4C, CMT4D and CMT4G. We report on the molecular examination of four families of Roma origin in Slovakia with early-onset demyelinating neuropathy and autosomal recessive inheritance. We detected mutation p.R148X (g.631C>T) in the NDRG1 (NM_006096.3) gene in two families and mutation g.9712G>C in the HK1 (NM_033498) gene in the other two families. These mutations cause CMT4D and CMT4G, respectively. The success of molecular genetic analysis in all families confirms that autosomal recessive forms of CMT caused by mutations on the NDRG1 and HK1 genes are common causes of inherited neuropathies among Slovak Roma. Providing genetic analysis of these genes for patients with Roma origin as a common part of diagnostic procedure would contribute to a better rate of diagnosed cases of demyelinating neuropathy in Slovakia and in other countries with a Roma minority.

  1. Increased prevalence of functional minor allele variants of drug metabolizing CYP2B6 and CYP2D6 genes in Roma population samples.

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    Weber, Agnes; Szalai, Renata; Sipeky, Csilla; Magyari, Lili; Melegh, Marton; Jaromi, Luca; Matyas, Petra; Duga, Balazs; Kovesdi, Erzsebet; Hadzsiev, Kinga; Melegh, Bela

    2015-06-01

    Cytochrome P450 2B6 and 2D6 are important enzymes in human drug metabolism. These phase I enzymes are known to contribute the biotransformation of clinically important pharmaceuticals, including antidepressants, anticancer and anxiolytic drugs. The aim of this work was to determine the pharmacogenetic profile of CYP2B6 and CYP2D6 in Roma and Hungarian population samples. A study population of 426 healthy Roma and 431 healthy Hungarian subjects were characterized for CYP2B6 c.516G>T, CYP2D6 c.100C>T and c.1846G>A polymorphisms using predesigned TaqMan Drug Metabolism Genotyping Real Time-PCR assays. We found significant differences in the presence of CYP2B6 c.516G>T (pT (p=0.003) and c.1846G>A (p=0.022) between Hungarian and Roma population. The 516T allele frequency was 33.6% in the Roma group, 21.4% in Hungarians, whereas the minor CYP2D6 100T allele was present in 26.6% in Romas and 20.5% in Hungarians. The 1864A allele frequency was 22.5% in Roma and 18.1% in Hungarian samples. A significant increase was found in genotype frequencies for homozygous minor allele carrier Roma participants compared to Hungarians for CYP2B6 516TT and CYP2D6 100TT. The following CYP2D6 genotypes were identified in Roma samples: *1/*1 (55.4%), *1/*4 (2.1%), *1/*10 (3.1%), *4/*10 (38.7%), *10/*10 (0.7%). Our results demonstrate an increased minor allele frequency for CYP2B6 and CYP2D6 polymorphisms in Roma samples that implies clinical significance in this ethnic group. Copyright © 2014 Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.

  2. Common variants in BDNF, FAIM2, FTO, MC4R, NEGR1, and SH2B1 show association with obesity-related variables in Spanish Roma population.

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    Poveda, Alaitz; Ibáñez, María Eugenia; Rebato, Esther

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to investigate the association between previously GWAS identified genetic variants predisposing to obesity in Europeans and obesity-related phenotypes in Roma population. A total of 24 representative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 372 individuals belonging to 50 extended families of Roma population. SNPs were tested for association with seven quantitative obesity-related phenotypes in the PLINK program. Risk variants in NEGR1, FAIM2, FTO, and SH2B1 genes were associated with increased adiposity accumulation in Roma population with effect sizes between 0.21 and 0.34 Z-scores for each copy of the BMI increasing allele. Additionally, variants in BDNF and MC4R were significantly associated with adiposity distribution but not with overall fatness. No significant association was detected between obesity-related phenotypes and variants in the first intron of the FTO gene (e.g., rs9939609). The results of this study suggest that SNPs in or near six genes (BDNF, FAIM2, FTO, MC4R, NEGR1, and SH2B1) are significantly associated with body fat accumulation and distribution in Roma people. However, the association observed among variants in the first intron of FTO and obesity in European derived populations is not evident in the analyzed Roma sample. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Significant interethnic differencies in functional variants of PON1 and P2RY12 genes in Roma and Hungarian population samples.

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    Janicsek, Ingrid; Sipeky, Csilla; Bene, Judit; Duga, Balazs; Melegh, Bela I; Melegh, Bela; Sümegi, Katalin; Jaromi, Luca; Magyari, Lili; Melegh, Bela

    2015-01-01

    Antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel is one of the most common therapies given to patients worldwide. However, the clinical efficacy and toxicity of clopidogrel is not constant in every patient due to interindividual variations. There are several factors that contribute to these interindividual differencies such as SNPs in genes of specific receptors and enzymes. PON1 (paraoxonase 1) plays an important role in the bioactivation of clopidogrel. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of this gene decrease the activity of paraoxonase enzyme and lead to an unefficient clopidogrel effect. P2RY12 (purinergic receptor P2Y, G-protein coupled, 12) gene is coding a receptor, which is situated on the surface of the platelets and plays a role in ADP-induced platelet aggregation. In this study we investigated 2 functional SNPs of PON1 gene (rs662 and rs854560) and 3 variants of the P2RY12 gene (rs2046934, rs6798347, rs6801273) in samples pooled from average Hungarian Roma and Hungarian population samples with PCR-RFLP method. For the PON1 variants we detected that the R allele frequency was significantly lower in the Roma group compared to the Hungarian population. (0.249 vs 0.318 p Roma than in Hungarians (0.332 vs 0.290 p Romas (1.4 vs 0.2 %, p Roma people that has not been reported for other populations.

  4. Problems of integration, education and spiritual development of the individual in civil society for example roma national minority in the second half of XX – beg. of ХХІ century

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    Наталія Богданівна Малець

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses numerous problems in the roma national minority in Transcarpathia around the turn of the XX–XXI centuries. At the time of the formation of the multi-structural economy, the public authorities of Ukraine have to help roma ethnos to become firmly on its feet, reborn, find their rightful place in society.

  5. A ironia ovidiana na subversão do protocolo amoroso em Roma

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    Carlos Ascenso André

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Uma leitura menos atenta da Arte de amar, de Ovídio, parece sugerir que o poeta enquadra este seu manual da ciência amorosa nos códigos sociais do seu tempo, que secundarizavam a mulher e dela faziam apenas objecto do desejo e prazer do homem e uma espécie de aparelho reprodutor. Uma leitura mais atenta deixa perceber conclusões bem diferentes: é reconhecido à mulher o direito ao prazer, a escolher (ou rejeitar o seu parceiro, a trair; é até defendido o prazer mútuo e simultâneo como um dos objectivos do acto sexual. O presente trabalho pretende demonstrar esta subversão ao “protocolo amoroso” de Roma, visível nos Amores, e comprovada nas Heroides, o primeiro livro de poemas de autor masculino mas de sujeito poético feminino, e ainda nos Remédios para o amor, livro de uma fina ironia, onde se esconde o reconhecimento do primordial papel da mulher na relação entre os sexos.

  6. Differential effect of soil and environment on metabolic expression of turmeric (Curcuma longa cv. Roma).

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    Sandeep, I S; Sanghamitra, Nayak; Sujata, Mohanty

    2015-06-01

    Curcuma longa (Zingiberaceae) is known for its uses in medicine, cosmetics, food flavouring and textile industries. The secondary metabolites of turmeric like essential oil, oleoresin and curcumin are important for its multipurpose uses. These traits of turmeric vary from place to place due to the influence of environment, soil and agro-climatic conditions. Here, we analyzed turmeric from different agroclimatic regions for influence of various factors on its growth and yield of important phytochemicals. A high curcumin yielding cultivar i.e., Roma was collected from high altitude research station, Koraput (HARS) and planted in nine agroclimatic regions of Odisha. Analysis of soil texture, pH, organic carbon, micro and macro nutrients were done from all the studied zones up to 2nd generation. Plants grown in their released station i.e., Eastern Ghat High Land showed 5% of curcumin and were taken as control. Plants grown in different agroclimatic zones showed a range of 1.4-5% of curcumin and 0.3-0.7% of rhizome essential oil and 0.3-1% of leaf essential oil content. Gas chromatography and mass spectra analysis showed tumerone and alpha phellandrene as the major compounds in all the zones with 10-20% variation. The present study will be immensely helpful for standardization and management of environmental and ecological factors for high phytochemical yield in turmeric plant.

  7. Religión, política y sociedad: los prodigia en la Roma republicana

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    José Manuel Aldea Celada

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En esta comunicación se pretende hacer un estudio sistemático de lasfuentes literarias y bibliográficas que nos relatan o enumeran los prodigia para extraerlos y elaborar una base de datos. A partir de su elaboración, se hará un análisis estadístico que nos permita ver hasta qué punto la metodología estadística es aplicable y útil para la Historia Antigua, especialmente en la Roma republicana. Con los resultados del análisis estadístico se pretenderá aclarar, si es realmente posible, aspectos relativos a la posible implicación política de los prodigia, el papel de los sacerdocios públicos ante estos eventos y a la repercusión que todo ello pudo tener en la sociedad. La información estadística obtenida se presenta deforma clara y accesible, sin perderse en cifras y fórmulas que sólo nos apartarían de la investigación que deseamos llevar a cabo.

  8. Nuevas consideraciones en torno a la Cleopatra del Esquilino de la Central Montemartini de Roma

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    Silvio Strano

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es un estudio sobre la iconografía de Cleopatra VII Philopator, hoy conocida gracias a las efigies monetarias y a los pocos retratos de bulto redondo llegados hasta nosotros. La atención se centra en la discutida interpretación de la Cleopatra/Venus Esquilina de la Sala Caldaie de la Centrale Montemartini de Roma. Los resultados de esta investigación han permitido demostrar la identificación propuesta de la réplica como imagen divinizada de la última reina tolemaica, aquí representada como Isis-Afrodita. Además, el autor propone una datación diferente de la obra, individúa el probable patrocinio, así como también, el lugar de su originaria localización.This essay is a survey about the iconography of Cleopatra VII Philopator, today well known thanks to the coin images and to the few portraits in full relief handed down to us. Attention is concentrated on the debated interpretation of the Cleopatra/Venus Esquiline found in the Sala Caldaie of the Centrale Montemartini in Rome. The result of this survey has allowed the suggested identification of the replica to be confirmed, as divinized image of the last Tolemaic Queen portrayed here as Isis-Aphrodite. Moreover the author proposes a different dating of the work, identifies the possible commission and also the site of its original positioning.

  9. Database GIS delle strade Un sistema di calcolo percorso ciclabile nel Comune di Roma

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    Michele Ieradi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available A GIS database for roads and bicycle paths: a cycle route processing system in Rome municipalityATAC, the mobility Agency of Rome municipality, incorporates GIS methodologies for the management of territorial data. ATAC will present the procedure followed to realise a best routing calculation system for cyclists, designed from the existing system developed for PT users in Rome, available on ATAC web site (www.atac.roma.it. Thanks to this project ATAC has created a network of cycling pathways, created by mashing up the following information: the road network, bicycle paths, street slopes and other information derived from the Mobility Centre. The service developed will allow the Roman citizens to find out the best route from one point to another in the Capital that can be reached either by bicycle, public transport or a combination therof.

  10. Reactivity of urban environments towards legislative actions. The case of Roma (Italy

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    Salzano R.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The investigation of sediment chronostratigraphy was performed in order to reconstruct heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn and major elements (Fe, Al and Mn fluxes in a heavy traffic site located in Roma (Italy. This city represents an ideal situation from a geochemical point of view (outcropping rocks are enriched rocks in terms of heavy metals content where anthropic emissions are exclusively associated to traffic and heating systems. The impact of biological activity and soil erosion on sedimentation process were investigated in one urban lake, where the sedimentation model was defined using radiometric determinations (137Cs and unsupported 210Pb. Fluxes calculations and isotopic composition of lead were performed in order to enhance the metal distribution through the collected core. Statistical analysis allowed discriminating elements in two main groups: traffic related metals and urban aero-disperse elements. Indexes, which can estimate the elemental affinity to the urban dust, were calculated for metal source definition. Lake sediments recorded the fall of Pb air content that occurred after leaded gasoline phasing out and after about 10 years the total amount of Pb decreased of about 90%.

  11. Edificio de la Sociedad “La Rinascente”,en Roma, Italia

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    Albini, Franco

    1966-07-01

    Full Text Available This building has three levels below ground and seven floors above the ground. The power plant for various installations and storerooms are in the lowest basement, the dressing rooms for the staff and merchandise stores are in the second basement, and a supermarket occupies the first one. The ground floor and the next four floors are salesrooms and other offices connected with sales, whilst the top floor houses the company's headquarters. Because of its design and layout, and its general construction, this is one of the most refined and complex buildings that has been recently completed in Rome.Consta de: tres plantas de sótanos, planta baja y seis plantas sobre el nivel del suelo. El tercer sótano alberga las centrales de las instalaciones y almacenes de mercancías; el segundo sótano, los servicios, vestuarios de los empleados y almacenes de mercancías, y en el primero hay un supermercado. La planta baja y las cuatro primeras plantas están dedicadas a salas de venta; la quinta, a almacén de mercancías, y la sexta aloja las oficinas de la Sede de la Sociedad. El edificio, por su concepción, tratamiento y diseño, es uno de los más refinados y complejos que se ha construido en Roma durante los últimos años.

  12. Roma-Napoli ad Alta Velocità. Occasione per un riequilibrio modale

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    Daniela Cerrone

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Sulle tratte nazionali, sempre più evidenti risultano i limiti del trasporto aereo sul quale, in modo determinante, incidono i tempi per raggiungere gli aeroporti, per le operazioni di chek-in e di imbarco. D’altra parte, sembra oramai esaurita la capacità del territorio di sostenere, soprattutto in prossimità delle grandi città e lungo le direttrici principali, ancora un aumento del traffico automobilistico. In tale scenario, la messa in esercizio in Italia delle prime tratte ferroviarie ad Alta Velocità prefigurarono un sempre maggiore utilizzo di tali vettori a fronte di una sostanziale diminuzione del ricorso al trasporto aereo e soprattutto privato su gomma. L’articolo propone una comparazione, in termini di costi, tempi di percorrenza, confort di viaggio, delle diverse modalità di trasporto a cui è possibile fare ricorso sulla tratta Roma-Napoli ed è finalizzato ad evidenziare gli elementi che incidono sul riequilibrio modale tra i collegamenti esistenti tra i due sistemi urbani.

  13. Arquitectos de la Academia Española en Roma (siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casado Alcalde, Esteban

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This text is the second and last part of a study on architects in the Spanish Academy of Rome. Academic practices are examined -principally related to artists on scholarship in Italy- such as the designation of pensions and foreign travel, and their subsequent repercussions in the trajectory of these architects, whether in their architectural productions or as professors. It is clear that all those who passed through this Spanish institution abroad were affected by the experience.

    Siendo el presente texto la segunda y última entrega del asunto a que se refiere el título, cabe simplemente especificar que se trata de un seguimiento de ciertos comportamientos académicos -los más relacionados con la actividad de unos pensionados en Italia, tales como los envíos de pensión o los viajes por el extranjero, y sus consecuencias en su trayectoria posterior, cuales son las dedicaciones docentes y las huellas de todo ello perceptibles en su producción- que unos determinados artistas, los arquitectos, manifiestan como consecuencia de su paso por esa institución española en el exterior que es nuestra Academia en Roma.

  14. [Homozygous E387K (1159G>A) mutation of the CYP1B1 gene in a Roma boy affected with primary congenital glaucoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Gábor; Kádasi, Ľudevit Lajos; Czeizel, Endre

    2014-08-17

    Primary congenital glaucoma was diagnosed in a son (born in 2009) of a healthy, non-consanguineous Roma couple. This couple terminated their next two pregnancies because of the 25% recurrence risk of this autosomal recessive ophthalmological abnormality. Molecular genetic analysis showed the homozygote E387K mutation of the CYP1B1 gene in the proband and the presence of this gene mutation in heterozygous form in both parents. This gene mutation is characteristic for Slovakian Roma population. There are two objectives of this case report. On one hand this finding indicates the genetic relationship of Slovakian and Hungarian Romas. On the other hand, the couple plans to have further pregnancies, and prenatal genetic test may help to assess the possible recurrence risk of this hereditary disease.

  15. Health insurance and accessibility to health services among Roma in settlements in Belgrade, Serbia--the journey from data to policy making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaluski, Dorit Nitzan; Stojanovski, Kristefer; McWeeney, Gerry; Paunovic, Elizabet; Ostlin, Piroska; Licari, Lucianne; Jakab, Zsuzsanna

    2015-10-01

    The Serbian constitution and health-related laws assert that citizens and residents are universally entitled to health care, provided that they hold health insurance. However, until 2010, persons who did not hold a national identification number (ID) were required to present a plethora of documents to be granted one. We assessed the relationship between citizenship, residency and possession of health insurance cards, together with utilization of health services, among Roma residing in disadvantaged settlements in Belgrade. The Roma Health and Nutrition Survey was conducted in 2009 to assess the social determinants of health among Roma. Data were analysed, using logistic regression, to examine health insurance status and utilization of services by citizenship and residency. Eighty-nine per cent of respondents said they were Serbian citizens. Approximately 11% were refugees, 7% internally displaced persons (IDPs) and remainder domicile. Multivariate analysis revealed that non-citizens were more likely to lack health insurance [odds ratio (OR) = 9.2, confidence interval (CI) (3.5, 24.1)], as were refugees and IDPs [OR = 3.1, CI (1.4, 6.9), OR = 4.0, CI (1.4, 11.5), respectively]. Having health insurance was a positive predictor for being seen by a physician [OR = 2.3, CI (1.3, 4.2), OR = 2.3, CI (1.3, 3.9)]. Data from this survey indicated that non-citizen Roma had limited access to health services. These findings led the Serbian Ministry of Health and National Health Insurance Fund to reduce the administrative and legislative hurdles in obtaining health insurance, to ensure the Roma rights to health care. This demonstration of data-driven policies on Roma health could serve as a model for other countries.

  16. Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947 (Hemiptera, Triatominae) en el estado brasileño de "Rio Grande do Sul" Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947 (Hemiptera, Triatominae) in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Salvatella Agrelo; Yester Basmadjian; Raquel Rosa; Andres Puime

    1993-01-01

    Triatoma delpontei Romaña y Abalos, 1947 es una especie de triatomineo silvestre, de marcada ornitofilia, que se asocia preferentemente al psitácido Myiopsitta monachus (Boddaert, 1783) colonizando sus nidos. Especie que se identifica con zonas de forestas subtropicales secas o xerofíticas propias de las provincias biogeográficas continentales chaqueñas, es notificada para Brasil en la microregión de la campaña de Río Grande do Sul (barra de Quaraí, Municipio de Uruguaiana).Triatoma delpontei...

  17. 健康女性绝经前后血清 HE4、CA125及 ROMA 参考值调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秋荣; 李建军

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查并建立本地区健康女性血清 HE4、CA125及 ROMA 参考值。方法利用化学发光免疫测定法检测健康女性血清 HE4和 CA125的水平,计算 ROMA 值。结果健康女性绝经前血清 HE4、CA125和 ROMA 值的95%可信区间分别为(41.6±22.4)pmol/L、(13.5±10.2)U /ml、(5.1±3.8)%。健康女性绝经后血清 HE4、CA125和 ROMA 值的95%可信区间分别为(49.9±23.2)pmol/L、(10.2±9.6)U /ml、(18.9±9.6)%。与绝经前女性相比,绝经后健康女性HE4、CA125浓度降低,ROMA 值增加,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论通过对180例健康女性的血清 HE4、CA125浓度以及 ROMA 值进行调查,制定出本地区血清 HE4、CA125浓度以及 ROMA 值95%参考区间,为评估当地健康女性HE4、CA125、ROMA 水平及建立相应的参考值提供了参考。

  18. Análisis del plan de seguridad y evacuación del pasaje del MV Cruise Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Jordán Martín, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Este proyecto se basa en el plan de seguridad del buque RoPax; M/V Cruise Roma de la compañía italiana Grimaldi Lines y en cómo sería una hipotética evacuación perfecta del pasaje. Es decir, si cada tripulante siguiese su rol asignado y sin que ocurriesen incidencias en tan peligroso momento. El objetivo es conocer los tipos de dispositivos de salvamentos (colectivos e individuales) y su localización a bordo, las medidas contraincendios más importantes (colectivas e individuales) y donde s...

  19. Tránsito del Derecho Penal Internacional desde el Tratado de Versalles y de Nuremberg hasta Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Castaño, Deissy Motta

    2012-01-01

    El marco del presente artículo se sustenta en la trascendencia del análisis de las instituciones internacionales en relación con los delitos contemplados como crímenes de guerra en conflagraciones entre Estados y su intervención en la problemática de la violencia interna. El tránsito del derecho penal internacional desde el Tratado de Versalles y de Nuremberg hasta Roma, constituye una aproximación a una genealogía histórica del derecho internacional, relativo a los crímenes de guerra durante...

  20. [Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947 (Hemiptera, Tratominae) in the Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Sul].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvatella Agrelo, R; Basmadjian, Y; Rosa, R; Puime, A

    1993-01-01

    Triatoma delpontei (Romaña & Abalos, 1947) (Hemiptera, Triatominae) is an ornithophilic sylvatic with a particular association to the psittacid Myiopsitta monachus (Boaddert, 1783). It is found in the continental biogeographical province of the Chaco, where it inhabits the nests or M. monachus, in subtropical xerophytic forests. The authors report the first finding of T. delpontei in Brasil, in the "campanha" region of the State or Rio Grande do Sul (Barra do Quarai, Uruguaiana), on the right bank of the River Cuareim, not far from de Uruguayan border.

  1. La regulación jurídica del transporte marítimo en la Roma antigua

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Jiménez Valderrama

    2014-01-01

    El ámbito del transporte marítimo fue muy importante en la antigua Roma. La “civitas” necesitaba proveerse de productos que venían de todo el mar Mediterráneo usando el transporte por mar. Las instituciones jurídicas romanas utilizaron costumbres creadas por otros pueblos expertos en navegación. En el derecho romano, el contrato denominado “locatio-conductio” se usó para regular el transporte marítimo. Algunos de estos contratos se usaron en el comercio y tienen un estrecho ...

  2. Efectos personales del divorcio respecto de los hijos. De Roma al Codigo civil español

    OpenAIRE

    López-Rendo Rodríguez, Carmen

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo examina la regulación de la guarda y custodia de los hijos en casos de divorcio desde Roma hasta la actualidad. ¿Quién decide sobre ella? ¿Existían criterios para dicha atribución? ¿Cuáles eran los criterios utilizados? Se analiza la materia en derecho romano, en donde se observa que hasta los emperadores Diocleciano y Maximiano, la regla general atribuía la patria potestad y la guarda y custodia al padre, salvo que existieran justas causas que hicieran oportuno y necesario atrib...

  3. La poesía dialectal romañola: traducción y accesibilidad para un lector hispanohablante

    OpenAIRE

    Faraoni, Lucia

    2017-01-01

    El trabajo se propone ofrecer las bases teóricas y culturales para una traducción al español rioplatense de algunos poemas en dialecto romañolo, con el fin de redactar una antología de los principales representantes de la corriente literaria de los neodialectales. La parte inicial se dedica en la descripción del plurilingüismo en Italia y en la función de los dialectos, para contextualizar después el nacimiento de la literatura neodialectal y justificar a nivel cultural y sociológico su éxito...

  4. Un finale a sorpresa: Roma, l’Occidente e la gabbia bizantina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuela Susca

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Questo contributo vuole essere una rilettura teorico-analitica indirizzata principalmente agli ultimi paragrafi del Trattato di sociologia generale. Nelle pagine che seguono, quindi, proporremo dapprima una breve sintesi del capitolo XIII – da Pareto intitolato L’equilibrio sociale nella storia – e ci concentreremo poi principalmente sulle sezioni conclusive e dedicate a una lunga vicenda tante volte rivisitata da storici e letterati: la vita e la caduta dell’Impero romano nelle sue due ramificazioni, quella occidentale e quella orientale. Si avrà così modo di mettere in rilievo come la lettura operata dal grande sociologo non solo offra un punto di vista originale rispetto a molta della letteratura esistente, ma presenti anche significative differenze rispetto agli schemi interpretativi fatti valere in generale nel Trattato. Infatti, sia la parabola dell’antica Roma sia – e ancor di più – quella di Bisanzio vengono da Pareto ripercorse sulla scorta di una contrapposizione radicale tra Occidente e Oriente che è poco o per nulla presente nelle altre pagine paretiane, così come praticamente assente vi è anche la profezia finale sull’imminente avvento di un’«organizzazione» di tipo bizantino nei Paesi economicamente e socialmente più avanzati. Infine, concludono l’intervento alcune osservazioni sull’attuale e perdurante vitalità del dibattito che circonda Bisanzio/Costantinopoli/Istanbul, multiforme città-simbolo che è stata ed è oggetto di trasfigurazioni positive o più spesso negative e che – come mostra esemplarmente il discorso paretiano – rinvia in modo diretto alla nostra realtà e auto-rappresentazione di europei e “occidentali”.

  5. Sequence analysis of candidate genes in two Roma families with severe tooth agenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriková Dana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Selective tooth agenesis is the most common congenital disorder affecting the formation of dentition in humans. Both its forms (hypodontia and more severe oligodontia can be found either in isolated form and they can be associated with systemic condition (syndromic tooth agenesis. In addition to previously known genes (PAX9, MSX1 and AXIN2 mutations in EDA, EDARADD and WNT10 gene were recently found to be involved in isolated forms of tooth agenesis. The objective of this study was to characterize the phenotype of affected members in two large families of Roma origin segregating severe isolated tooth agenesis with very variable phenotype and to perform mutation analysis of seven genes with aim to find causal mutation. 26 family members were clinically examined and coding regions of seven genes (MSX1, PAX9, AXIN2, EDA, EDAR, EDARADD and WNT10A were sequenced. With exclusion of third molars, average number of missing teeth was 8.2 ± 4.9 in family 1 and 7.1 ± 2.3 in family 2. The most frequently missing teeth were maxillary lateral incisors and first premolars and mandibular central incisors. Sequencing revealed four potentially damaging variants (g.Ala40Gly in MSX1, g.Ala240Pro in PAX9, g.Pro50Ser in AXIN2 and g.Met9Ile in EDARADD; however, none of them was present in all affected family members. Variable phenotype in both families examined in this study is in favour of heterogeneous genetic cause of tooth agenesis in these families: possible interaction of several defected genes, sequence variants in regulatory regions and additional environmental factors is assumed.

  6. Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947 (Hemiptera, Triatominae en el estado brasileño de "Rio Grande do Sul" Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947 (Hemiptera, Triatominae in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Salvatella Agrelo

    1993-02-01

    Full Text Available Triatoma delpontei Romaña y Abalos, 1947 es una especie de triatomineo silvestre, de marcada ornitofilia, que se asocia preferentemente al psitácido Myiopsitta monachus (Boddaert, 1783 colonizando sus nidos. Especie que se identifica con zonas de forestas subtropicales secas o xerofíticas propias de las provincias biogeográficas continentales chaqueñas, es notificada para Brasil en la microregión de la campaña de Río Grande do Sul (barra de Quaraí, Municipio de Uruguaiana.Triatoma delpontei (Romaña & Abalos, 1947 (Hemiptera, Triatominae is an ornithophilic sylvatic with a particular association to the psittacid Myiopsitta monachus (Boaddert, 1783. It is found in the continental biogeographical province of the Chaco, where it inhabits the nests or M.monachus, in subtropical xerophytic forests. The authors report the first finding of T. delpontei in Brasil, in the "campanha" region of the State or Rio Grande do Sul (Barra do Quarai, Uru-guaiana, on the right bank of the River Cuareim, not far from de Uruguayan border.

  7. Desafiando os limites da cidadania da União Europeia: as disputas dos grupos roma acerca da (imobilidade Challenging the limits of European Union citizenship: roma struggles over (immobility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicki Squire

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina as disputas recentes acerca da mobilidade dos "roma" através da Europa, com foco nas reflexões que se pode fazer sobre os limites da cidadania da União Europeia (UE. Mostrando como a disputa para deportar e conter os cidadãos roma através dos Estados-membros da União reflete uma série mais ampla de limites concernentes à cidadania da UE, a análise questiona quaisquer suposições simplistas em relação à progressão da cidadania europeia sobre a cidadania nacional, apontando as tensões constitutivas entre a cidadania derivada do Estado-nação e a cidadania formada por provisões de livre movimento. Essas tensões são consideradas importantes no entendimento das condições sob as quais emergem contestações das limitações da cidadania europeia. Focando-se especificamente nas disputas de ativistas roma e sinti na Itália, o artigo sugere que questões de mobilidade são críticas para a transformação da cidadania europeia por meio de "atos de cidadania" que contestam limites de um regime de cidadania da UE. Isso não é entendido no sentido de que o livre movimento automática ou inevitavelmente corrigiria os erros de regimes territorial ou nacionalmente inscritos por intermédio da inclusão dos excluídos. Ao invés disso, argumenta-se que as mobilizações dos roma em torno da mobilidade são importantes tanto na contestação de diferenciações internas da cidadania da UE quanto na reconfiguração dos limites em que tal regime se inscreve. Isso ocorre por intermédio de atos que transformam processos excludentes, tais como a criminalização, em reivindicações de justiça social. É possível que se diga que tais reivindicações adquirem novo significado quando desenvolvidas em escala europeia, tendo em vista que, nesse aspecto, elas se tornam "transacionais" no escopo de sua representação. Entretanto, o transnacional não pode ser entendido em um sentido fixo ou espacialmente contido quando visto

  8. ¿Entre Roma y Madrid?: la reforma regalista y el Sínodo de Charcas (1771-1773

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    Luque Alcaide, Elisa

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de las diversas interpretaciones historiográficas sobre la reforma eclesiástica americana del siglo XVIII, el artículo apunta la existencia de una corriente reformista autóctona. El Sínodo de Charcas (1771-1773 fue una iniciativa americana: lo convocó un obispo criollo antes de recibir el Tomo regio de Carlos III que pondría en marcha los concilios provinciales regalistas en América. El trabajo indaga las directrices reformistas del Sínodo en los decretos sobre párrocos y doctrineros. El estudio de la fuentes de esos decretos pone de relieve la recepción de los escritos de Benedicto XIV que, desde Roma, impulsó durante su pontificado (1740-1758 un movimiento de renovación cristiana. Los datos recogidos llevan a sostener que en el siglo XVIII existieron en América dos proyectos de reforma eclesiástica: uno regalista fraguado en Madrid y otro eclesial autóctono, en sintonía con las iniciativas de Roma y en continuidad con los concilios americanos de los siglos XVI y XVII.

  9. Resource recovery from waste by Roma in the Balkans: A case study from Zavidovici (BiH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaccari, Mentore; Perteghella, Andrea

    2016-09-01

    Roma communities represent the main involved actors in the informal activities in the Balkan regions, especially because the state does not formally recognize them as formal inhabitants. The Roma community in Zavidovici, despite being resident since the beginning of the 20th century, is still considered a marginalized and vulnerable group. They are actively involved in and dependent on the informal solid waste sector. Waste collection is a 'family business', a kind of self-employment and the main source of income for households. Informal recyclers have a central role in the solid waste management system and they recover a significant amount of materials, especially iron, copper, brass, lead and exhausted batteries. Despite the negative fluctuations of the raw material prices, because of the international economic crisis, informal recyclers remain dependent on the waste recycling sector. They are crucial actors in the value chain of recyclables: though they cannot access the final buyers of recyclables, they provide more than 50% of the market to the middle dealers in the Zenica-Doboj Canton. This research activity consists of a deep socio-economic analysis of the informal recyclers' community living in Zavidovici city. In particular, this paper describes the composition and welfare status of informal recyclers' households, the role of informal recyclers in waste collection, the geographical coverage and the related pattern of waste picking, types, volumes and price fluctuations of recyclable materials, and the middle dealers involved in the informal recycling system. © The Author(s) 2016.

  10. Aproximación a la iconografía de Roma Aeterna como vía de transmisión de un mito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Andrés Pérez

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La imagen verbal de Roma Aeterna es uno de los conceptos de mayor alcance en la Historia de Occidente. Su trayectoria discurre sin interrupción desde las postrimerías de la República Romana hasta finales del Bajo Imperio, manteniendo vivo su mensaje político en los siglos que siguieron a la desintegración del Imperio Romano.El objetivo de esta comunicación es acercarnos al mito de Roma Aeterna a través de las representaciones que dieron forma a este concepto, partiendo de los elementos iconográficos de época imperial, y continuando con aquéllos que sobrevivieron a la Roma paganamanteniendo vigente su significado primigenio. De esta forma, nos aproximaremos a una valoración global del empleo de determinadas imágenes, aún presentes en el imaginario colectivo sobre Roma, desde una perspectiva transversal, con objeto de mostrar la absolutanecesidad de establecer lazos entre diferentes ramas de los estudios históricos como son la Historia y el Arte.

  11. The Implications of "Naming" on Roma and "Sinti" Right to Education and Social Inclusion: An Ethnography of Education among a "Sinti" Family Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setti, Federica

    2015-01-01

    Acknowledging the European political commitment to Roma education and the research in this field, my article deals with the experience of education of a"Sinti" "minority" (The terms "minority" and "majority" will be used in this article, according to the meaning that is given to them within Anthropology and…

  12. The frequency of factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations in Slovak and Roma (Gypsy) ethnic group of Eastern Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bôžiková, Alexandra; Gabriková, Dana; Sovičová, Adriana; Behulová, Regina; Mačeková, Soňa; Boroňová, Iveta; Petrejčíková, Eva; Soták, Miroslav; Bernasovská, Jarmila; Bernasovský, Ivan

    2012-10-01

    Factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A are the two most prevalent causes of inherited thrombophilia. The prevalence of these mutations varies widely in healthy Caucasian population. The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations in Slovak and Roma ethnic group from Eastern Slovakia. We analyzed 540 asymptomatic individuals (269 individuals of Slovak ethnicity and 271 individuals of Roma ethnicity) by real-time PCR method. The detected allele frequencies were 2.97 versus 6.64 % for factor V Leiden (p = 0.0049), and 0.74 versus 0.92 % for prothrombin mutation (p = 0.7463) in Slovak and Roma population, respectively. The Roma ethnic group had significantly higher prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation when compared to Slovak ethnic group. The allele frequency of factor V Leiden in ethnic Romanies from Eastern Slovakia was one of the highest in Europe. Our results confirm an uneven geographical and ethnic distribution of factor V Leiden.

  13. Negotiating the Limits of Upbringing, Education, and Racial Hygiene in Nazi Germany as Exemplified in the Study and Treatment of Sinti and Roma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuch, Jane

    2017-01-01

    Like other minorities, Sinti and Roma were victims of racial persecution by the Nazis. For this group in particular, the Racial-Hygienic and Heredity Research Centre in the Reich Health Office became a central institution in the Nazi system of extermination. Eva Justin, a reseacher at the Centre, published her doctoral dissertation while working…

  14. Health-Related Quality of Life of the Roma in Greece: The Role of Socio-Economic Characteristics and Housing Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappa, Evelina; Chatzikonstantinidou, Simela; Chalkiopoulos, George; Papadopoulos, Angelos; Niakas, Dimitris

    2015-06-12

    The aim was to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of the Roma and further to detect the significant determinants that are associated with their HRQL. The cross-sectional study involved 1068 Roma adults living in settlements (mean age 36). HRQL was measured by the Greek version of SF-36 Health Survey and further socio-demographic characteristics (sex, age, marital status, education, permanent occupation etc.) and housing conditions (stable housing, access to basic amenities such as drinkable water, drainage, electricity which compose material deprivation) were involved. Non parametric tests and multiple linear regression models were applied to identify the factors that have significant association with HRQL. After controlling for socio-demographic characteristics, health status and housing conditions, sex, age, education, chronic diseases, stable housing and material deprivation were found to be significant determinants of the Roma's HRQL. Men reported significantly better health than women as well as those who attended school compared to the illiterate. Chronic diseases were remarkably associated with poor HRQL from 10 units in MH (Mental Health) to 34 units in RP (Role Physical). Material deprivation was related to lower GH (General Health), and VT (Vitality) scores and higher RP (Role Physical) and RE (Role Emotional) scores. Chronic conditions and illiteracy are two key areas that contribute significantly to worse HRQL. Policies should be part of a comprehensive and holistic strategy for the Roma through intervention to education, housing and public health.

  15. Supporting the Learning of Nomadic Communities across Transnational Contexts: Exploring Parallels in the Education of UK Roma Gypsies and Indigenous Australians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levinson, Martin; Hooley, Neil

    2014-01-01

    Deriving from the authors' respective ethnographic fieldwork (around two decades in each context), this position paper considers experiences of education across two communities: Gypsy/Roma in the UK and Indigenous in Australia. The article brings together understandings across these traditionally nomadic communities, with no shared history or…

  16. The Implications of "Naming" on Roma and "Sinti" Right to Education and Social Inclusion: An Ethnography of Education among a "Sinti" Family Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setti, Federica

    2015-01-01

    Acknowledging the European political commitment to Roma education and the research in this field, my article deals with the experience of education of a"Sinti" "minority" (The terms "minority" and "majority" will be used in this article, according to the meaning that is given to them within Anthropology and…

  17. Stereotypes, “integration” policies and multiple identities: From a mapping attempt to the experience of some Romanian Roma families in Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianna Agoni

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available “Dichiarazione dello stato di emergenza in relazione agli insediamenti di comunità nomadi nel territorio delle regioni Campania, Lazio e Lombardia”, “Strategia Nazionale di inclusione dei Rom, dei Sinti e dei Caminanti 2012-2020”, “Progetto Rom, Sinti e Caminanti” (Municipality of Milan, are examples of Italian national or local policies or practices that create and reproduce specific categories in which a multitude of persons, stories, origins, situations are subsumed, according to a supposed ethno-cultural similarity. Based on a categorical approach and on a deep-rooted anti-gypsyism, these policies could risk homogenizing, essentializing and making “gypsy” the identity of different people, separating them from the rest of the population. The paper deals with men and women, Romanian citizens, in majority Roma, migrated to Italy during the last ten-twelve years and mainly settled in makeshift camps on the northern outskirts of Milan. Immediately categorized as Roma or as Nomads, they are identified as a “social problem”, “marginal subjects”, needing the implementation of particular “integration” policies. It seems that to categorize these people as Roma or as Nomads could allow to avoid to wonder about political, economical and social causes of the existence of unauthorized settlements, and could allow not to consider these families’ mobility within the broader migratory movements from Romania. Considering the experiences of the last four years of ethnographic research and the first results of the European Research Project MigRom - The immigration of Romanian Roma to Western Europe: causes, effects and future engagement strategies, especially the attempt to map the presences of Romanian Roma in Italy, the paper aims to show flexible subjectivities, multiple and variable belongings, and people able to resist, through everyday life practices, to strict categorizations and to the violence produced by them. On one

  18. A comparison of CA125, HE4, risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA, and risk malignancy index (RMI for the classification of ovarian masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Anton

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Differentiation between benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms is essential for creating a system for patient referrals. Therefore, the contributions of the tumor markers CA125 and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4 as well as the risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA and risk malignancy index (RMI values were considered individually and in combination to evaluate their utility for establishing this type of patient referral system. METHODS: Patients who had been diagnosed with ovarian masses through imaging analyses (n = 128 were assessed for their expression of the tumor markers CA125 and HE4. The ROMA and RMI values were also determined. The sensitivity and specificity of each parameter were calculated using receiver operating characteristic curves according to the area under the curve (AUC for each method. RESULTS: The sensitivities associated with the ability of CA125, HE4, ROMA, or RMI to distinguish between malignant versus benign ovarian masses were 70.4%, 79.6%, 74.1%, and 63%, respectively. Among carcinomas, the sensitivities of CA125, HE4, ROMA (pre-and post-menopausal, and RMI were 93.5%, 87.1%, 80%, 95.2%, and 87.1%, respectively. The most accurate numerical values were obtained with RMI, although the four parameters were shown to be statistically equivalent. CONCLUSION: There were no differences in accuracy between CA125, HE4, ROMA, and RMI for differentiating between types of ovarian masses. RMI had the lowest sensitivity but was the most numerically accurate method. HE4 demonstrated the best overall sensitivity for the evaluation of malignant ovarian tumors and the differential diagnosis of endometriosis. All of the parameters demonstrated increased sensitivity when tumors with low malignancy potential were considered low-risk, which may be used as an acceptable assessment method for referring patients to reference centers.

  19. Konsep Persatuan Dengan Kematian Dan Kebangkitan Kristus Berdasarkan Roma 6:1-14

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    Hanny Frederik

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Persatuan orang percaya dengan Kristus adalah doktrin yang merupakan pemikiran kunci dalam ajaran Tuhan bahkan sangat penting bagi teologi Paulus sehingga seorang penafsir, James S. Stewart menyebutnya sebagai “inti dari agama Paulus.” Menurut hasil uraian tentang konsep persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus berdasarkan Roma 6:1-14, maka penulis menarik beberapa kesimpulan sebagai berikut: Pertama, orang percaya telah dipersatukan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus melalui baptisan, yang berarti ia turut serta mengalami peristiwa-peristiwa yang dialami oleh Kristus dalam sejarah, yakni penyaliban, kematian, penguburan dan kebangkitan Kristus. Kedua, persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus mengakibatkan berlalunya ciptaan lama, yaitu kematian manusia lama sebagai status atau kedudukan seseorang dalam persekutuannya dengan Adam. Kematian Kristus adalah kematian bagi dosa, karena itu dalam persatuan dengan kematian Kristus, orang percaya juga telah mati bagi dosa. Ketiga, persatuan dengan kematian dan kebangkitan Kristus menghasilkan ciptaan baru, yaitu kehidupan baru sebagai status atau kedudukan orang percaya dalam persekutuan dengan Kristus. Keempat, kehidupan yang berpadanan dengan status baru orang percaya dalam Kristus adalah kehidupan dalam pengudusan yang meliputi hidup dalam pertobatan dan hidup untuk melayani Allah.The unity of the believer with Christ is a doctrine which is a key thought in the teaching of Jesus, moreover it is very important for Paul’s theology such that one commentator, James S. Stewart, delineates it as the “Man in Christ: The Vital Elements of St. Paul’s Religion.” Based upon the results of an analysis about the concept of unity in the death and resurrection of Christ based upon Romans 6: 1-14, the author draws several conclusions as follows: First, believers have been made one with the death and resurrection of Christ through baptism, which means the believer participates in

  20. Primordial germ cell biology at the beginning of the XXI century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Felici, Massimo

    2009-01-01

    At the XIV Workshop on the Development and Function of the Reproductive Organs held at the Congress Centre of the University of Rome Tor Vergata, Monteporzio Catone, Rome, Italy, the introduction to the first session entitled Mammalian primordial germ cells dedicated to the memory of Anne McLaren, was the occasion for a concise review of the state of art of research on the biology of primordial germ cells (PGCs). This great, unforgettable scientist, who died in a car accident in July 2007, dedicated most of her studies to this field over the last 25 years. Topics briefly reviewed in this Meeting Report are: 1) how the germ line is determined; 2) what are the mechanisms underlying PGC migration; 3) to what extent PGC survival, proliferation and differentiation are cell autonomous or environmentally controlled processes and 4) how the potential for totipotency is retained in PGCs.

  1. Littera Scripta Manet: formas y funciones del archivo en el Imperio de los Austrias. Simancas, Roma, Quito y Cuenca

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    Marc-André Grebe

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo explora el papel de los archivos en el Imperio de los Austrias, durante la edad protomoderna, en ambos lados del Atlántico. Con ese propósito se analizan las diferentes tareas que incumbían a los archivos en el siglo XVI y XVII. Se examinan el archivo de la ciudad de Cuenca (actual Ecuador en el ámbito municipal, el de la Audiencia de Quito en el ámbito regional, el archivo de Simancas (Castilla en el nivel real y, por último, el archivo en la embajada española en Roma. También se ofrecen reflexiones sobre el carácter y las particularidades de los repositorios documentales, prestando especial atención a la escritura como medio de gobierno.

  2. Regulated open multi-agent systems (ROMAS) a multi-agent approach for designing normative open systems

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia, Emilia; Botti, Vicente

    2015-01-01

    Addressing the open problem of engineering normative open systems using the multi-agent paradigm, normative open systems are explained as systems in which heterogeneous and autonomous entities and institutions coexist in a complex social and legal framework that can evolve to address the different and often conflicting objectives of the many stakeholders involved. Presenting  a software engineering approach which covers both the analysis and design of these kinds of systems, and which deals with the open issues in the area, ROMAS (Regulated Open Multi-Agent Systems) defines a specific multi-agent architecture, meta-model, methodology and CASE tool. This CASE tool is based on Model-Driven technology and integrates the graphical design with the formal verification of some properties of these systems by means of model checking techniques. Utilizing tables to enhance reader insights into the most important requirements for designing normative open multi-agent systems, the book also provides a detailed and easy t...

  3. Il Museo Storico della Didattica “Mauro Laeng” dell’Università degli Studi Roma Tre

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    Carmela Covato

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Le caratteristiche cruciali del museo possono essere identificate secondo le seguenti coordinate: il legame ideale e reale con la storia italiana, la contestualità con l’Università di Roma Tre e il rapporto con il territorio. Da istituzione finalizzata alla crescita culturale degli insegnanti di scuola elementare dell’Italia unita, esso è ora rivolto ad un pubblico più esteso e si è trasformato in luogo della memoria educativa, pur conservando un ruolo importante nella formazione universitaria di tutti gli insegnanti e nella ricerca storico-scientifica. Il legame con il tessuto sociale del territorio è documentato, tra l’altro, dalla documentazione e dagli studi relativi alle esperienze di alfabetizzazione nella Mittelitalia del secolo scorso.

  4. La teoría de los Cuatro Imperios como elemento opositor al Helenismo y a Roma

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    Laura Bizzarro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza los textos de Daniel 2 y 7, y los Manuscritos del Mar Muerto (4Q243-44 4Q245 Pseudo-Daniel; 4Q552 y 4Q553/4Q Cuatro Reino en comparación con las teorías griegas de Hesíodo y Herodoto. Dicha teoría sobre la sucesión de imperios (Asirios/ Babilonio, Medos, Persas, Macedonia, Roma, uno más fuerte que él otro, que se suceden; aparece atestiguada en la literatura persa, la greco-romana, la helenística y en los Círculos Daniélicos. Los historiadores romanos, que utilizaron las fuentes griegas y agregaron como quinto imperio al Romano, como el más fuerte e indestructible. En nuestra investigación localizamos influencias persa y griega atestiguada en el sustrato más antiguo de Daniel, unidas a las tradiciones proféticas en el Antiguo Testamento y demostramos que dicha teoría fue utilizada de manera diferente en los círculos apocalípticos judeos-palestinos. La diferencia más notable entre las fuentes grecorromanas, y Daniel (AT o Qumran es que en éste nunca se agregó el quinto imperio (Roma y que explícitamente en Daniel 7 se hace hincapié en que tras la derrota del cuarto imperio (seléucida-helenístico, por parte del reino de los Santos del Altísimo, llegaría el “Reino de Dios”, atemporal, cuyo rey sería un “Hijo de Hombre”, representante directo del Dios de Israel.

  5. Depósito de agua para la exposición universal de Roma

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    Colosimo, Roberto

    1964-06-01

    Full Text Available As part of the general water services for the Universal Exhibition in Rome, an elevated tank has been built, which will meet all the water requirements of this Exhibition, and constitutes one of its outstanding landmarks. The structure of the water tank is reinforced concrete. The central stem, containing the pipes, stairs and lifts, extends through the tank itself and ends in a circular central spillway. The shape of the tank is very original, and has made it possible to fit into it an observation balcony, where a bar or restaurant can also be installed. The sloping supports withstand the horizontal thrusts due to wind pressure. The weight of the water is taken up by a circular ring, from which eight cantilever beams extend inwards. These do not reach to the centre, as this space is taken up with the services. The foundation consists of a circular slab, made of concrete, in the shape of truncated cone, 28.5 m diam. at the bottom, and 27.2 m at the top, and is 2.3 m thick. This slab rests on 301 piles. The water tank rises to a height of 51 m and can hold 2,500 m3 of water. It is absolutely watertight.Dentro del plan general hidráulico realizado por el señor Colosimo para la exposición Universal de Roma, y como remate del mismo, se ha construido este depósito elevado, destinado a cubrir las necesidades totales del recinto. La estructura es de hormigón armado. El núcleo central, que contiene las canalizaciones, escaleras y ascensores, se prolonga en el interior del depósito propiamente dicho y termina formando una cuneta anular que sirve de rebosadero. La forma particularmente original de la, copa, ha permitido crear un mirador en el que se podrá instalar un bar o restaurante. Los soportes oblicuos absorben los esfuerzos horizontales que crea el efecto del viento. La carga hidrostática, que origina el agua es resistida por un anillo circular del cual parten ocho ménsulas que no se han podido prolongar en el interior del cuerpo central

  6. Sabinos y Sabelli en Eneida de Virgilio. Criterios etnográficos y relación entre Roma y los pueblos itálicos

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    Guillermo De Santis

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available El artículo toma el ejemplo de los Sabinos para mostrar los criterios etnográ- ficos que los definen en la obra de Virgilio, principalmente Eneida, teniendo en cuenta su condición prestigiosa en la sociedad romana de finales del siglo I a.C. Este prestigio, sin embargo, no implica que Virgilio presente a los sabinos como una etnia ideal o completamente positiva, sino que recurre a una am- bigüedad de criterios etnográficos positivos y negativos y destaca acuerdos y desacuerdos con Roma. Ante esto, el trabajo tiene como objetivo mostrar que los sabinos en Eneida ocupan una posición no muy significativa en el proceso de construcción de la fama de la futura Roma, lo que hace evidente una dife- rencia con la posición de los sabinos en las obras de autores como Varrón o Propercio.

  7. Social closure and discriminatory practices related to the Roma minority in the Czech Republic through the perspective of national and European institutions

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    Lucie Cviklová

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available While differentiating among notions of social exclusion, social closure and bridging social capital, the article analyses the evolution of cultural and social borders between the Czech majority on the one hand and the Roma minority on the other. Special attention has been paid to current legal practices concerning discrimination which have shifted the burden of proof in favor of ethnic minorities and have introduced cleavages between the processes of direct and indirect discrimination. It is explained that the unequal access to elementary education has been crucial in generating social exclusion of the minority. In relation to this, the landmark decision of the European Court of Human Rights is discussed, as it particularly highlights the importance of educational segregation of Roma people in Czech schools for children with learning disabilities.

  8. Representación de la Roma antigua en el audiovisual de ficción : el caso de Rome de Bruno Heller y John Milius

    OpenAIRE

    Pujol Alemany, David

    2014-01-01

    Aquest treball que porta per nom “Representació de la Roma antiga en l’audiovisual de ficció: el cas de Rome de Bruno Heller i John Milius” respon a un anàlisi de la sèrie produïda per la BBC i la HBO Rome. En aquest anàlisi repassarem totes les característiques de l’audiovisual de ficció mencionat, amb l’objectiu de demostrar la màxima autenticitat del producte a l’hora de reconstruir la realitat històrica del món de la Roma antiga. Este trabajo que lleva el nombre de “Representación de l...

  9. Formas de ocio en la antigua Roma: desde la dinastía Julio-Claudia (Octavio Augusto hasta la Flavia (Tito Flavio Domiciano

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    Maximiliano Korstanje

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Basados en una mitología netamente política (helénica y poseedores de recursos estratégicos favorables, los romanos se convirtieron en una de las civilizaciones dominantes de su tiempo. En este sentido, muchos investigadores dedicados al turismo, actualmente, han investigado los orígenes y las formas de ocio en la antigua Roma, aunque de manera superficial y muy general. El objetivo del presente trabajo es profundizar sobre las formas de ocio en la Roma Imperial durante las dinastías Julio-Claudia y Flavia, para así poder explicar cuál era la relación del ocio, como institución, con el poder político de la época.

  10. La Chanson de Florence de Rome y Otas de Roma: Algunas consideraciones sobre traducción en la Edad Medi

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    Giselle Carolina Rodas

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El cotejo de la construcción de los personajes y de los espacios en La Chanson de Florence de Rome con su variante castellana, Otas de Roma , permite establecer lineamientos referidos a las particularidades de la traducción medieval. En esta circunstancia de traspaso, el material sufre lógicas transformaciones debido a su recontextualización.

  11. Inserto speciale su Postmodernità, psicopatologia e psicoterapeuti Associazionismo, professione e postmodernità.Congresso Nazionale del Laboratorio di Gruppoanalisi Roma, 2-4 dicembre 2011

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    Nicolò Terminio

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Nella presentazione del Convegno nazionale del Laboratorio di Gruppoanalisi tenutosi a Roma dal 2 al 4 dicembre del 2011 l’accento veniva posto sulla necessità di «interrogarsi sui profondi cambiamenti che attraversano la nostra epoca». L’interrogativo centrale riguardava le forme del patire di «questa ineffabile contemporaneità» e le possibilità di rinnovamento degli psicoterapeuti

  12. Health-Related Quality of Life of the Roma in Greece: The Role of Socio-Economic Characteristics and Housing Conditions

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    Evelina Pappa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQL of the Roma and further to detect the significant determinants that are associated with their HRQL. The cross-sectional study involved 1068 Roma adults living in settlements (mean age 36. HRQL was measured by the Greek version of SF-36 Health Survey and further socio-demographic characteristics (sex, age, marital status, education, permanent occupation etc. and housing conditions (stable housing, access to basic amenities such as drinkable water, drainage, electricity which compose material deprivation were involved. Non parametric tests and multiple linear regression models were applied to identify the factors that have significant association with HRQL. After controlling for socio-demographic characteristics, health status and housing conditions, sex, age, education, chronic diseases, stable housing and material deprivation were found to be significant determinants of the Roma’s HRQL. Men reported significantly better health than women as well as those who attended school compared to the illiterate. Chronic diseases were remarkably associated with poor HRQL from 10 units in MH (Mental Health to 34 units in RP (Role Physical. Material deprivation was related to lower GH (General Health, and VT (Vitality scores and higher RP (Role Physical and RE (Role Emotional scores. Chronic conditions and illiteracy are two key areas that contribute significantly to worse HRQL. Policies should be part of a comprehensive and holistic strategy for the Roma through intervention to education, housing and public health.

  13. Minoría gitana, Derecho penal y teorías republicanas del castigo || Roma Minority, Criminal Law and Republican Theories of Punishment

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    Oscar Pérez de la Fuente

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En primer lugar, este artículo plantea argumentos contra el prejuicio antigitano. En especial, los diversos intentos  de mezclar biología y Derecho penal.   En segundo lugar,  analiza tres elementos que explican mejor la relación entre minoría gitana y justicia penal: a El prejuicio como una profecía que se autocumple; b El Derecho penal como un caso de discriminación indirecta; c El prejuicio como falacia de la generalización.  En tercer lugar, se estudian las teoricle ly this artetribucionista, utilitarista y restaurativa desde las perspectiva de los derechos de los miembros de la minorías del castigo retribucionista, utilitarista y restaurativa desde las perspectiva de los derechos de los miembros de la minoría gitana.  Abstract: Firstly, this article focus on some arguments about the prejudice against Roma people. Specially, different attempts of mixing biology and criminal Law. Secondly, it is analysed three elements that explain better the relationship between Roma minority and criminal justice: a Prejudice as a prophecy that it self-accomplishes; b Criminal Law as a case of indirect discrimination; c The prejudice as a fallacy of generalization. Thirdly, it is studied the retributionist, utilitarian and restorative theories of punishment from the perspective of the rights of the members of Roma minority. 

  14. High-risk sexual behavior, HIV/STD prevalence, and risk predictors in the social networks of young Roma (Gypsy) men in Bulgaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirkhanian, Yuri A; Kelly, Jeffrey A; Kabakchieva, Elena; Antonova, Radostina; Vassileva, Sylvia; Difranceisco, Wayne J; McAuliffe, Timothy L; Vassilev, Boyan; Petrova, Elena; Khoursine, Roman A

    2013-02-01

    Roma (Gypsies), the largest and most disadvantaged ethnic minority group in Europe, are believed to be vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. This study's aim was to examine HIV risk in 6 Roma male sociocentric networks (n = 405 men) in Bulgaria. Participants were interviewed concerning their risk practices and tested for HIV/STDs. High-risk sexual behaviors were common. Over 57% of men had multiple sexual partners in the past 3 months. Over one-third of men reported both male and female partners in the past year. Condom use was low. Greater levels of sexual risk were associated with lower intentions and self-efficacy for using condoms, drug use, having male partners, knowing HIV-positive persons, and having higher AIDS knowledge but no prior HIV testing. Two men had HIV infection, 3.7% gonorrhea, and 5.2% chlamydia. HIV prevention interventions directed toward high-risk social networks of Roma are needed before HIV infection becomes more widely established.

  15. AV e attività di eccellenza. Nuove opportunità localizzative nel sistema Roma-Napoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Galderisi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo propone una lettura delle possibili influenze della realizzazione delle reti AV sulla localizzazione/distribuzione di attività di eccellenza, quali attività direzionali, di management, di servizio alle imprese e alla pubblica amministrazione, con specifico riferimento alla tratta AV Roma-Napoli. A partire da una caratterizzazione delle attività di eccellenza, se ne evidenzia anzitutto la spiccata tendenza alla concentrazione urbana, la dipendenza da efficaci connessioni sia immateriali che materiali e la rilevanza assunta dalla variabile temporale nelle scelte localizzative (Sassen, 2001. Quindi, in riferimento ad alcune esperienze europee, si esaminano i principali effetti, in termini di attrazione/concentrazione di tali attività, connessi alla realizzazione delle reti AV (Sands 1993; Vickerman e Ulied, 2006; Gemeente Amsterdam, 2007. Sulla base di tali considerazioni e tenendo conto delle più recenti definizioni e metodi di misura dell’accessibilità (Axhausen et al. 2006; Spiekermann, Wegener, 2005, lo studio propone un indicatore di “accessibilità” finalizzato ad individuare e graduare, in ragione dei livelli di accessibilità, un sistema di luoghi urbani interconnessi mediante reti su ferro (AV e reti metropolitane e regionali dai quali le attività di eccellenza potranno massimizzare il proprio bacino di utenza. L’individuazione di un sistema di luoghi urbani a diverso grado di accessibilità consente di evidenziare le numerose opportunità per la localizzazione di attività di eccellenza che si dischiudono a seguito della riduzione dei tempi di spostamento consentita dalle reti AV. In tal senso, l’indicatore proposto può costituire un utile supporto alle decisioni sia per l’attore pubblico consentendo di governare e orientare i processi di trasformazione conseguenti alla realizzazione della rete AV, estendendone i benefici dalle aree di stazione a più ampie porzioni urbane sia per l’investitore privato

  16. L'applicazione dei Sistemi Informativi Geografici per la valutazione dei bisogni di salute della popolazione pediatrica immigrata residente a Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. G. De Belvis

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Obiettivi: lo studio applica i GIS per l’analisi dei bisogni di salute della popolazione immigrata in età pediatrica regolarmente residente a Roma e per la costruzione di bacini di utenza a livello di Municipio, ASL e Comune rispetto alle corrispondenti strutture di offerta.

    Materiali e Metodi: i dati sono stati acquisiti dall’Ufficio Statistica del Comune di Roma (popolazione in età 0-18 anni residente al 31/12/2002 per Municipio, Distretto e ASL. I dati relativi all’offerta dei servizi per l’infanzia delle ASL sono stati reperiti dalle ASL, dal Comune e dalla Caritas di Roma. I dati sono stati successivamente inseriti, verificati ed analizzati attraverso i programmi Excel e Stata7. L’utilizzo delle applicazioni GIS è stato realizzato attraverso il software Arc-View.

    Risultati: dei 169.064 immigrati presenti al 31/12/2002, quelli in età pediatrica (29.629 sono variabilmente distribuiti rispetto al totale degli immigrati e alla popolazione pediatrica residente.
    Ad esempio, la proporzione immigrati minori/immigrati varia da un minimo del 7,3% in Municipio I, ad un massimo del 20,1% nei Municipi VII e VII (Media: 13.26, I.C.95%: 11.46-15.05.
    L’analisi ha permesso di caratterizzare i bisogni socio-sanitari per Municipio, distretto e ASL. Una valutazione quantitativa della relazione bisogno/offerta è stata realizzata georeferenziando la popolazione immigrata in età pediatrica con le corrispondenti strutture di offerta censite.

    Conclusioni: l’utilizzo dei GIS in epidemiologia e sanità pubblica si presenta sempre più prezioso, per la capacità di sintetizzare, rappresentare efficacemente i fenomeni, suggerire ipotesi di correlazioni tra i fenomeni e indirizzare le decisioni in sanità.
    L’applicazione dei GIS sulla popolazione immigrata in età pediatrica – regolarmente residente a Roma - si è prestata in maniera efficace

  17. The effects of X-ray radiation on Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica and Shigella flexneri inoculated on whole Roma tomatoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Barakat S M

    2010-12-01

    In the last two decades several foodborne disease outbreaks associated with produce were reported. Tomatoes, in particular, have been associated with several multi-state Salmonella outbreaks. Inactivation of inoculated Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica and Shigella flexneri on whole Roma tomato surfaces by X-ray at 0.1, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, and 1.5 kGy was studied. The main purpose of this study was to achieve a 5 log reduction in consistent with the recommendations of the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods. Moreover, the effect of X-ray on inherent microflora (mesophilic counts, psychrotrophic counts and yeast and mold counts) of untreated and treated Roma tomatoes, during storage at ambient temperature (22°C) for 20 days was also determined. Mixtures of three or two strains of each tested organism was spot inoculated (100 μl) onto the surface of Roma tomatoes (approximately 7-9 log per tomato), separately, and air-dried, followed by treatment with X-ray doses at 22°C and 55-60% relative humidity. Surviving bacterial populations on tomato surfaces were evaluated using a nonselective medium (tryptic soy agar) with a selective medium overlay for each bacteria; E. coli O157:H7 (CT-SMAC agar), L. monocytogenes (MOA), and S. enterica and S. flexneri (XLD). Treatment with X-ray significantly reduced the population of the tested pathogens on whole Roma tomato surfaces, compared with the control. Approximately 4.2, 2.3, 3.7 and 3.6 log CFU reduction of E. coli O157:H7, L. monocytogenes, S. enterica and S. flexneri per tomato were achieved by treatment with 0.75 kGy X-ray, respectively. More than a 5 log CFU reduction per tomato was achieved at 1.0 or 1.5 kGy X-ray for all tested pathogens. Furthermore, treatment with X-ray significantly reduced the inherent microflora on Roma tomatoes. Inherent levels were significantly (p<0.05) lower than the control sample throughout storage for 20 days.

  18. Ocio y ascesis aristocrática : Jerónimo y su lectio divina en Roma (382-385

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl González Salinero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A su llegada a Roma en el año 382, Jerónimo se convirtió en el guía espiritual de un grupo de mujeres aristocráticas que, influidas por el emergente espíritu del monacato oriental, llevaban una vida ascética en el interior de sus mansiones. Siguiendo la estela de la tradición intelectual que había caracterizado al otium aristocrático, aunque en este caso reorientado hacia el universo cultural cristiano, el estudio y la exégesis de las Sagradas Escrituras a través de la lectio divina se convirtió en el rasgo distintivo del propositum sanctitatis.On his arrival at Rome (382, Jerome did become the spiritual leader of an aristocratic women’s group that, influenced by the emergent spirit from the eastern monastic life, did lead an ascetic life inside their palaces. Following the trail of the intellectual tradition that had characterized the aristocratic otium, although reorientated in this case to the Christian cultural universe, the study and exegesis of the Holy Scriptures throughout the lectio divina did become into the distintive feature of the propositum sanctitatis.

  19. Una pieza excepcional del Museo Nazionale de Roma y el problema de las lucernas tipo Andújar

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    Darío Bernal Casasola

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos aquí una lámpara romana de producción hispana localizada en los fondos antiguos del Museo Nazionale Romano (Roma, correspondiente a un tipo conocido como derivado de la Dressel 3 o «de Andújar», de cronología altoimperial (siglo i d.C. Adjuntamos ciertos datos que nos permiten asegurar su fabricación no sólo en el yacimiento jienense ya documentado, sino también en la vecina capital bética, Córdoba.We present here a román lamp manufactured in Spain found in the oíd collection of \\he Museo Nazionale Romano (Rome of a type known as derived from the Dressel 3 or «from Andújar». We include some details that let US assure its production not only in the settiement of Los Villares (Jaén, but also in the capital of the Bética, Córdoba.

  20. Cosmopolitismi liminari. Strategie di identità e categorizzazione tra cultura e classe nelle occupazioni a scopo abitativo a Roma

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    Piero Vereni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Le occupazioni a scopo abitativo a Roma vedono un numero elevato di stranieri partecipare attivamente come occupanti, pur se sono poco numerosi nella leadership politica dei movimenti che organizzano gli squat. La presenza degli stranieri, inoltre, è sistematicamente non-marcata nel discorso dei comitati e invece marcata nella rappresentazione dei media. Il saggio ricostruisce alcune delle motivazioni di questa conformazione della presenza straniera nei comitati di occupazione. Da un lato, la loro condizione di stranieri nel sistema italiano di welfare li espone più facilmente all’emarginazione; d’altro canto, la leadership politica dei Movimenti vede negli stranieri (in quanto portatori di una condizione di classe un bacino di aggregazione per il progetto più latamente politico delle occupazioni (praticare un modello alternativo di vita urbana. Del resto, gli stranieri possono prendere parte alle occupazioni anche come forma autoprodotta di emancipazione sociale, visto che occupare può significare, bene o male, giungere a un possesso abitativo altrimenti inarrivabile. In questa contraddizione di finalità, le occupazioni multietniche diventano spazi cosmopoliti di identità che accettano di trascendere lo specifico etnico per travasarsi in una forma condivisa di identità di classe, tra proletariato rivoluzionario e piccola borghesia alla ricerca della piena integrazione.

  1. Régimen patrimonial del matrimonio desde Roma hasta la Novísima Recopilación

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    Yadira Alarcón Palacio

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El abordaje de cualquier estudio sobre la institución matrimonial en sus aspectos económicos requiere un análisis histórico para sentar las bases del derecho actualmente aplicable. En este artículo se presenta una visión general de la evolución histórica del matrimonio y de su economía. Se trata de reseñar los antecedentes jurídicos que ha tenido la institución matrimonial y las formas de vinculación de los bienes frente a terceras personas contratantes con quienes eran considerados marido y mujer. Este estudio se remonta a la época del derecho romano, en la que surgieron instituciones que si bien no constituían un régimen comunitario, sí tenían influencia en la responsabilidad patrimonial de los cónyuges. El análisis se centra en el régimen común de bienes. En esta entrega se alcanzará la evolución surgida desde los orígenes de la institución en Roma hasta la Novísima Recopilación en España.

  2. ASPECTOS SUSTANCIALES DEL NE BIS IN ÍDEM DEL ESTATUTO DE ROMA (ER DE 1998 EN EL DERECHO INTERNO

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    Jaime Alberto Sandoval Mesa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es un producto de investigación elaborado en el proyecto incidencia de los instrumentos internacionales en materia penal que se adelanta en la Universidad Militar Nueva Granada. El documento analiza las dudas que se originan a raíz de la influencia del Estatuto de Roma de 1998, frente al principio de legalidad en su manifestación de cosa juzgada (non bis in ídem y en la praxis que parece asumirse en la aplicación de dicho instrumento, en los casos concretos que pueden ser objeto de competencia e investigación, un poco distinta de nuestra tradición continental. En esta última parte, es importante tener en cuenta tales consecuencias, toda vez que frente al eventual ejercicio de la competencia e investigación, es cuando en realidad, se puede determinar si en virtud de la ocurrencia de una conducta, corresponde en su valoración en la CPI, a los efectos que se producen en el derecho interno.

  3. La regulación jurídica del transporte marítimo en la Roma antigua

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    Fernando Jiménez Valderrama

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available El ámbito del transporte marítimo fue muy importante en la antigua Roma. La “civitas” necesitaba proveerse de productos que venían de todo el mar Mediterráneo usando el transporte por mar. Las instituciones jurídicas romanas utilizaron costumbres creadas por otros pueblos expertos en navegación. En el derecho romano, el contrato denominado “locatio-conductio” se usó para regular el transporte marítimo. Algunos de estos contratos se usaron en el comercio y tienen un estrecho vínculo con los actuales contratos de transporte marítimo de mercancías tanto del Common Law como del derecho continental europeo. Adicionalmente a la responsabilidad que surge de la aplicación de estos contratos, el derecho romano estableció una responsabilidad basada en la recepción de las mercancías llamada responsabilidad ex-recepto. Las soluciones jurídicas del Mediterráneo antiguo constituyeron una base sólida para construir el derecho romano. Las reglas marítimas del derecho romano explican algunas instituciones legales vigentes en materia de transporte marítimo y están aún vigentes a través de nuestro derecho.

  4. Geohazards Monitoring in Roma from InSAR and In Situ Data: Outcomes of the PanGeo Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comerci, Valerio; Vittori, Eutizio; Cipolloni, Carlo; Di Manna, Pio; Guerrieri, Luca; Nisio, Stefania; Succhiarelli, Claudio; Ciuffreda, Maria; Bertoletti, Erika

    2015-11-01

    Within the PanGeo project (financed by the European Commission under the 7th Framework Program), the Geological Survey of Italy ( ISPRA) and the Urban Planning Department of the City of Roma developed a geodatabase and map of the geological hazards for the territory of Roma, integrating remotely sensed data (PSInSAR—Permanent Scatterer Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar) and in situ geological information. Numerous thematic layers, maps and inventories of hazards (e.g., landslides, sinkholes, cavities), geological and hydrogeological data added to historical and recent urbanization information were compared to the permanent scatterer (PS) data from the European Remote Sensing satellites (ERS-1/2, 1992-2000) and ENVISAT (2002-2005) descending scenes, in order to produce a ground stability layer (GSL). Based on the PS data, most of the territory appears stable (almost 70 % of PS velocities are within ±1 mm/year). About 14 % of the PSs show positive line-of-sight (LOS) velocities (measured along the LOS of the satellite) between 1 and 3 mm/year and more than 2 % exceed 3 mm/year; more than 11 % of PSs show negative LOS velocities between -1 and -3 mm/year, while about 3 % exceed -3 mm/year (with tens of the PSs showing velocities over -20 mm/year). The GSL is comprised of polygons or multi-polygons (multipart polygons grouping individual polygons under a single identifier geohazard) enclosing areas where geohazards have been pointed out by PS data and/or in situ surveys (observed instabilities), and by polygons enclosing areas potentially affected by geohazards, based on the available knowledge of the territory (potential instabilities). In Roma's GSL, 18 multi-polygons (covering ca. 600 km2) related to observed instabilities have been outlined, where ground movements could be detected through InSAR data or where landslides and sinkholes are known to have occurred. Other 13 multi-polygons (covering nearly 900 km2) concern areas where the potential occurrence

  5. Hepameta-- prevalence of hepatitis B/C and metabolic syndrome in population living in separated and segregated Roma settlements: a methodology for a cross-sectional population-based study using community-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Jarcuska, Peter; Mareková, Mária; Pella, Daniel; Siegfried, Leonard; Jarcuska, Pavol; Halánová, Monika

    2014-03-01

    Roma represent one of the largest and oldest minorities in Europe. Health of many of them, particularly those living in settlements, is heavily compromised by poor dwelling, low educational level, unemployment, and poverty rooted in generational poverty, segregation and discrimination. The cross-sectional population-based study using community based approach aimed to map the prevalence of viral hepatitis B/C and metabolic syndrome in the population living in separated and segregated Roma settlements and to compare it with the occurrence of the same health indicators in the majority population, considering selected risk and protective factors of these health indicators. The sample consisted of 452 Roma (mean age = 34.7; 35.2% men) and 403 non-Roma (mean age = 33.5; 45.9% men) respondents. Data were collected in 2011 via questionnaire, anthropometric measures and analysed blood and urine samples. A methodology used in the study as well as in the following scientific papers is described in the Methods section (i.e. study design, procedures, samples, methods including questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, physical measurements, blood and urine measurements). There are regions of declining prosperity due to high unemployment, long-term problems with poverty and depleted resources. Populations living in these areas, i.e. in Central and Eastern Europe in Roma settlements, are at risk of poverty, social exclusion and other factors affecting health. Therefore, we should look for successful long-term strategies and tools (e.g. Roma mediators, terrain work) in order to improve the future prospects of these minorities.

  6. Roma y los sistemas monetarios provinciales. Monedas romanas acuñadas en Hispania en la segunda guerra púnica

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    María Paz GARCÍA-BELLIDO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se señala la libertad económica que la Roma republicana concedió a las provincias para la acuñación de moneda local y para la utilización de los sistema ponderales propios. En el caso de Hispania todos los valores acuñados bajo Roma proceden de patrones indígenas, incluido el mal llamado "denario ibérico". Por su parte, los generales romanos gozan de la misma libertad de acuñación respecto a su sistema monetario y se aprovechan de los factores económicos más rentables en las provincias; de ello son testimonio todos los valores anómalos de plata acuñados por Roma en Hispania que ya conocíamos y las nuevas monedas que publicamos aquí: una dracma del Juramento y los ases y semises de plata, las libellae y simbellae citadas por Varrón.ABSTRACT. We point out the economic freedom that Rome allowed the provinces in regard to the monetary sistems. In Hispania all the values minted in the Republican times are inscribed in the indigenous metrological standards, included the wrongly called "denario ibérico". On their side the Roman generals enjoyed the same freedom for minting any value in any metal in the provinces in regard to profit the special economic characteristic of the land. That is proved by all the anomalous silver denominations minted by the Romans in Spain, some of them newly discovered: a drachme of the Oath-taking scene and the silver ases and semises, the libellae and simbellae quoted by Varron.

  7. Muerte, despedazamiento y apoteosis de Rómulo : un estudio sobre la realidad histórica del primer rey de Roma

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    Ángel Luis Casquillo Fumanal

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El descuartizamiento de Rómulo y su apoteosis celestial con el nombre de Quirino no son dos variantes de la muerte del primer rey de Roma, que se excluyan mutuamente, sino dos versiones que hay que armonizar. Augusto Fraschetti (2002 y Andrea Carandini (2006 y 2007 quieren reducir la historicidad del relato sobre la muerte de Rómulo sólo a su despedazamiento, que interpretan como un reparto de la soberanía de Roma entre los senadores y las curias. Pero, siguiendo la tesis de historiador antropólogo Angelo Brelich (1960, hay que recalcar que el despedazamiento del cadáver regio, lejos de tener algo que ver con el reparto de la soberanía en Roma, se remonta a un ritual de inmortalización de la función regia en la Grecia prearcaica (Dioniso y en el antiguo Egipto (Osiris.The tearing to pieces of Romulus and his apotheosis in heaven with the name Quirinus are not variants, mutually autoexcluding, of the death of the first king of Rome. Augusto Fraschetti (2002 y Andrea Carandini (2006 y 2007 reduce the historicity of the narration of the death of Romulus only to his tearing to pieces, that they interprete as an appropriation of the Rome sovereignty by the senators and the curias. But, following the thesis of the historian anthropologist Angelo Brelich (1960, it must be emphasized that the dismemberment of the royal corpse, far from being related to the distribution of the sovereignty, retroacts a ritual of immortality of the regal function in prearchaic Greece (Dionysos and Egypt (Osiris.

  8. Comparison of the Agilent, ROMA/NimbleGen and Illumina platforms for classification of copy number alterations in human breast tumors

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    Naume B

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray Comparative Genomic Hybridization (array CGH provides a means to examine DNA copy number aberrations. Various platforms, brands and underlying technologies are available, facing the user with many choices regarding platform sensitivity and number, localization, and density distribution of probes. Results We evaluate three different platforms presenting different nature and arrangement of the probes: The Agilent Human Genome CGH Microarray 44 k, the ROMA/NimbleGen Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray 82 k, and the Illumina Human-1 Genotyping 109 k BeadChip, with Agilent being gene oriented, ROMA/NimbleGen being genome oriented, and Illumina being genotyping oriented. We investigated copy number changes in 20 human breast tumor samples representing different gene expression subclasses, using a suite of graphical and statistical methods designed to work across platforms. Despite substantial differences in the composition and spatial distribution of probes, the comparison revealed high overall concordance. Notably however, some short amplifications and deletions of potential biological importance were not detected by all platforms. Both correlation and cluster analysis indicate a somewhat higher similarity between ROMA/NimbleGen and Illumina than between Agilent and the other two platforms. The programs developed for the analysis are available from http://www.ifi.uio.no/bioinf/Projects/. Conclusion We conclude that platforms based on different technology principles reveal similar aberration patterns, although we observed some unique amplification or deletion peaks at various locations, only detected by one of the platforms. The correct platform choice for a particular study is dependent on whether the appointed research intention is gene, genome, or genotype oriented.

  9. Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947 (Hemiptera, Triatominae) en el estado brasileño de "Rio Grande do Sul"

    OpenAIRE

    Agrelo,Roberto Salvatella; Basmadjian,Yester; Rosa,Raquel; Puime,Andres

    1993-01-01

    Triatoma delpontei Romaña y Abalos, 1947 es una especie de triatomineo silvestre, de marcada ornitofilia, que se asocia preferentemente al psitácido Myiopsitta monachus (Boddaert, 1783) colonizando sus nidos. Especie que se identifica con zonas de forestas subtropicales secas o xerofíticas propias de las provincias biogeográficas continentales chaqueñas, es notificada para Brasil en la microregión de la campaña de Río Grande do Sul (barra de Quaraí, Municipio de Uruguaiana).

  10. [Indicators of statin use as a model for qualitative evaluation of chronic disease management in the Local Health Unit Roma B].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciaralli, Fabrizio; Summaria, Francesco; Mustilli, Marina; Vasselli, Loredana; D'Urso, Antonio; Degrassi, Flori

    2010-01-01

    In chronic diseases the adherence and persistence to therapeutic treatments are often lower than guidelines said. This leads to a worse therapeutic effect of the treatments and to a misuse in healthcare costs. Our study evaluates the impact of a pharmacoutilization analysis model, derived from the administrative database of the Local Health Unit Roma B. In particularly we calculate some indicators of adherence, persistence, occasional treatment and switch in patients on statins secondary prevention treatment (patients discharged from Hospital with Acute Myocardial Infarction diagnosis). The model that we developed would be successfully used in the cost-effective analysis of other drugs.

  11. PROBLEMAS PENDIENTES PARA LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DEL ESTATUTO DE ROMA DE LA CORTE PENAL INTERNACIONAL EN EL DERECHO INTERNO DE LOS ESTADOS

    OpenAIRE

    TAPIA, Diana Rocío Espino; Facultad de Derecho y Criminología de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (Monterrey- México)

    2013-01-01

    La siguiente investigación tiene como objetivo el análisis de lascuestiones procesales y constitucionales que han quedado pendientes para la implementación en el derecho interno de los Estados del Estatuto de Roma que instauró la Corte Penal Internacional en 1998. Estos problemas pendientes son analizados a fin de resaltar que estas deficiencias del Estatuto han generado un serio problema de implementación interna, lo que afecta la efectividad del sistema procesal penal creado en su seno....

  12. La transformación de ciudades en conceptos en el mundo medieval y en el mundo moderno : Roma y Troya

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Sureda, Montserrat

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo trata sobre cómo poderes políticos, eclesiásticos y culturales transformaron ciudades en conceptos e iconos a lo largo de las épocas medieval y moderna. Se focaliza en los casos emblemáticos de Roma y de Troya y se alude a Babilonia. Asimismo, los principales poderes transformadores se localizan en el Imperio Otomano, en Rusia y en Inglaterra. La última parte del artículo describe cómo los símbolos vinculados a la conceptualización de las ciudades fueron usados por la monarquía ...

  13. Needles, Jabs and Jags: a qualitative exploration of barriers and facilitators to child and adult immunisation uptake among Gypsies, Travellers and Roma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Cath; Bedford, Helen; Cheater, Francine M; Condon, Louise; Emslie, Carol; Ireland, Lana; Kemsley, Philippa; Kerr, Susan; Lewis, Helen J; Mytton, Julie; Overend, Karen; Redsell, Sarah; Richardson, Zoe; Shepherd, Christine; Smith, Lesley; Dyson, Lisa

    2017-03-14

    Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, it is necessary to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. This study had two aims. 1. Investigate the views of Travellers in the UK on the barriers and facilitators to acceptability and uptake of immunisations and explore their ideas for improving immunisation uptake; 2. Examine whether and how these responses vary across and within communities, and for different vaccines (childhood and adult). This was a qualitative, cross-sectional interview study informed by the Social Ecological Model. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 174 Travellers from six communities: Romanian Roma, English Gypsy/Irish Travellers (Bristol), English Gypsy (York), Romanian/Slovakian Roma, Scottish Show people (Glasgow) and Irish Traveller (London). The focus was childhood and selected adult vaccines. Data were analysed using the Framework approach. Common accounts of barriers and facilitators were identified across all six Traveller communities, similar to those documented for the general population. All Roma communities experienced additional barriers of language and being in a new country. Men and women described similar barriers and facilitators although women spoke more of discrimination and low literacy. There was broad acceptance of childhood and adult immunisation across and within communities, with current parents perceived as more positive than their elders. A minority of English-speaking Travellers worried about multiple/combined childhood vaccines, adult flu and whooping cough and described barriers to booking and attending immunisation. Cultural concerns about antenatal vaccines and HPV vaccination were most evident in the Bristol English Gypsy/Irish Traveller community. Language, literacy, discrimination, poor school attendance, poverty and housing were

  14. Health-endangering everyday settings and practices in a rural segregated Roma settlement in Slovakia: A descriptive summary from an exploratory longitudinal case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belak, Andrej; Madarasova Geckova, Andrea; van Dijk, Jitse P; Reijneveld, Sijmen A

    2017-01-28

    Research into social root-causes of poor health within segregated Roma communities in Central and Eastern Europe, i.e. research into how, why and by whom high health-endangering settings and exposures are maintained here, is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the local setup of health-endangering everyday settings and practices over the long-term in one such community. It is the initial part of a larger longitudinal study qualitatively exploring the social root-causes of poor Roma health status through the case of a particular settlement in Slovakia. The study, spanning 10 years, comprised four methodologically distinct phases combining ethnography and applied medical-anthropological surveying. The acquired data consisted of field notes on participant observations and records of elicitations focusing on both the setup and the social root-causes of local everyday health-endangering settings and practices. To create the here-presented descriptive summary of the local setup, we performed a qualitative content analysis based on the latest World Health Organization classification of health exposures. Across all the examined dimensions - material circumstances, psychosocial factors, health-related behaviours, social cohesion and healthcare utilization - all the settlements' residents faced a wide range of health-endangering settings and practices. How the residents engaged in some of these exposures and how these exposures affected residents' health varied according to local social stratifications. Most of the patterns described prevailed over the 10-year period. Some local health-endangering settings and practices were praised by most inhabitants using racialized ethnic terms constructed in contrast or in direct opposition to alleged non-Roma norms and ways. Our summary provides a comprehensive and conveniently structured basis for grounded thinking about the intermediary social determinants of health within segregated Roma communities in Slovakia and beyond

  15. Intervencionismo estatal en materia de libertad de asociación, de Roma al Derecho histórico-medieval español

    OpenAIRE

    Arévalo Caballero, Walenka

    2013-01-01

    En primer lugar, con este trabajo se pretende proporcionar una visión general de la evolución que experimentó el derecho de asociación en Roma, desde la época republicana hasta la justinianea, como consecuencia del intervencionismo estatal y, observaremos el cambio de legislación que se produjo en los distintos períodos jurídicos, siendo su regulación más o menos permisiva según las conveniencias políticas de la autoridad dominante. En segundo lugar, se tratará de establecer una conexión de l...

  16. Animales exóticos como actores secundarios en las dramatizaciones mitológicas de la antigua Roma: verdugos en los espectáculos

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Santos, María Engracia

    2016-01-01

    Dentro del programa de un día de espectáculos en la antigua Roma no podía faltar la damnatio ad bestias de condenados. Aquellas personas que habían transgredido las leyes contra el Estado eran condenadas a muerte y, en algunos casos excepcionales, la ejecución se realizaba en público para escarmiento del reo y disfrute del público. El lugar del fatal desenlace era el edificio destinado a otros espectáculos como cacerías (venationes) o luchas de gladiadores (munera), es decir, los foros, circo...

  17. Micromammals (Insectivora; Rodentia of "Valle dell'Inferno" (Rome / Micromammiferi (Insectivora; Rodentia della Valle dell'Inferno (Roma

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    Roberto Federici

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A research on micromammals in the area of "Valle dell'Inferno" (in the north-west of Rome was carried out. The study was based on a previous phytosociological survey which describes a Quercus suber population in the valley (a once larger residua1 of a roman cork-tree wood which is now included in the town. Specimens from Rodents (Apodemus sylvaticus, Mus domesticus, Rattus rattus, R. norvegicus, Pitymys savii and Insectivores (Crocidura suaveolens, Erinaceus europaeus were captured by live traps. Most of Insectivores specimens are represented by C. suaveolens. Generally C. suaveolens lives in sympatry with C. leucodon but no specimens of the latter were found in this area. Three different kinds of landscape are present in the "Inferno" valley, namely, the wood, the meadow, and the bottom valley (with high anthropic impact; we have compared these three landscapes with biotic indexes (index of faunistic affinity, index of biocoenotic affinity and index of environmental evaluation. We have also compared through the same indexes, the micromammal fauna of the "Inferno" valley with six other differently polluted localities in Latium, where animals were captured with the same live traps. This area retains its natura1 environment in despite of the high anthropic impact. Riassunto È stato effettuato uno studio sulla micromammalofauna terrestre della Valle dell'Inferno situata a nord-ovest di Roma. Lo studio è basato su una precedente indagine fitosociologica effettuata per la caratterizzazione vegetazionale di una sughereta un tempo molto estesa ed ora racchiusa nell'abitato cittadino. È stato pertanto possibile tracciare, tramite gli indici biotici, una correlazione tra microteriocenosi ed effetti dell'impatto antropico.

  18. Compliance of St Joseph’s Hospital Roma, Lesotho with the National Tuberculosis Programme of Lesotho, 2007 and 2008

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    Oladoyinbo O. Samuel

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: In 2009 Lesotho had an estimated TB prevalence of 696 cases/100 000 population − the 4th highest in the world. This epidemic was characterised by high rates of death, treatment failure and unknown treatment outcomes. These adverse outcomes were attributable to a high rate of TB and/or HIV co-infection and weaknesses in the implementation of Lesotho’s National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP. This study was conducted in St Joseph’s Hospital, Roma (SJHR to assess the implementation of the NTP. Method: Records of 993 patients entered into the SJHR TB register between 2007 and 2008 were reviewed. Patients’ treatment details were extracted from the register, validated and analysed by STATA 10.0. Results: Of 993 patients registered: 88% were new patients, 37% were diagnosed on sputum smear microscopy alone, 35% were diagnosed on sputum smear microscopy with chest X-ray, whilst 25% were diagnosed on chest X-ray alone. In addition: 33% were sputum smear positive, 45% were sputum smear negative, and 22% had extra-pulmonary TB. As to treatment outcome: 26% were cured, 51% completed treatment, and 51% converted from sputum smear positive to sputum smear negative over six months, whilst 16% died. Regarding HIV, 77% of patients were tested for HIV and 59% had TB and/or HIV co-infection. Of ten NTP targets only the defaulter and treatment failure rate targets were met. Conclusion: Whilst only two out of ten NTP targets were met at SJHR in 2007–2008, improvements in TB case management were noted in 2008 which were probably due to the positive effects of audit on staff performance.

  19. Oboliscum in circo positum est: monumentos tebanos en Roma y Constantinopla (s. IV. Memoria, expolio y religión.

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    Aja Sánchez, José Ramón

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Some of the larger obelisks erected in the Pharaonic Egypt were removed and re-used by the Roman emperors. The paper focuses on two of these monoliths, named both Lateran and Teodosian, monuments which were transferred to Rome and Constantinople by Christian emperors in the fourth century. These splendid obelisks present more problems than these of many others, and the author hopes the readers will gain a clearer understanding of the nature of these. The paper analyzes the problematic aspects of their very long histories, and also their religious, ornamental and ideological re-using. The differences with respect to their oldest functions in Egypt are somewhat.Algunos de los obeliscos más grandes erguidos en el Egipto faraónico fueron reutilizados por los emperadores romanos. El artículo se centra en dos de estos monolitos, llamados Laterano y Teodosiano, monumentos que fueron trasladados a Roma y Constantinopla por emperadores cristianos en el siglo IV. Estos magníficos obeliscos presentan más problemas que el resto, y el autor espera que los lectores obtengan un conocimiento más claro de la naturaleza de los mismos. El trabajo analiza los aspectos problemáticos de sus extensísimas historias, y también su reutilización religiosa, ornamental e ideológica. Las diferencias con respecto a sus antiguas funciones en Egipto son algo menores de lo que a priori cabría esperar.

  20. Manuel Godoy, genio delle scavazioni. Algunas precisiones acerca de sus descubrimientos arqueológicos en el monte Celio de Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Sánchez, Jorge

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available During his exile, the Spanish politician Manuel Godoy patronized archaeological excavations in his Roman villa, as the napoleonic aristocracy did. The architect Antonio Celles managed the works in the site throughout 1813 and 1815, while he was restoring Godoy’s palace and garden. The famous Socrates and Seneca marble portrait, the only reliable image of the Spanish philosopher –at the present time in the Berlin Museum-, and two statue bases consecrated to Caracalla –key to place the quarters of Cohors V Vigilum of Rome-, were brought to light in these excavations.A imitación de la aristocracia de la época napoleónica, Manuel Godoy llevó a cabo excavaciones arqueológicas en la villa que poseyó en Roma durante sus años de exilio, ubicada en el monte Celio. El arquitecto Antonio Celles, quien rehabilitaba el palacio y los jardines de la villa, dirigió varios de estos trabajos entre 1813 y 1815. Fruto de éstos, y de excavaciones posteriores, fue el descubrimiento del célebre herma de Sócrates y Séneca, única imagen fidedigna del filósofo hispano, hoy localizada en Berlín, y de dos basas de estatua dedicadas a Caracalla, gracias a las cuales se conoció dónde se situaba el cuartel de la Cohors V Vigilum de Roma.

  1. La venta de perlas en la ciudad de Roma durante el Alto Imperio = Selling Pearls in the City of Rome during the Roman Empire

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    Jordi Pérez González

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El comercio de perlas en la ciudad de Roma se atestigua por primera vez a inicios del periodo imperial. Fue necesaria una amplia red comercial que posibilitase la extracción de perlas desde lugares tan remotos como la India, el Mar Rojo, etc., para poder distribuirlas en la capital. Comercio de lujo encargado en última instancia de su venta al por menor a los margaritarii, o vendedores de perlas. Para un mayor conocimiento de estos personajes hemos realizado un estudio sobre la epigrafía lapidaria referida a ellos en Roma.Pearl trade in Rome is attested in the early imperial period. For distribution in the capital was required extensive sales network able to extract these pearls from places like India, the Red Sea, etc. The sellers of pearls or margaritarii were responsible for the luxury trade. For a better understanding of these characters we have made a study of lapidary inscriptions concerning them.

  2. Application of rank-ordered multifractal analysis (ROMA) to intermittent fluctuations in 3D turbulent flows, 2D MHD simulation and solar wind data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, C.; Chang, T.

    2010-12-01

    A new method in describing the multifractal characteristics of intermittent events was introduced by Cheng and Wu [Chang T. and Wu C.C., Physical Rev, E77, 045401(R), 2008]. The procedure provides a natural connection between the rank-ordered spectrum and the idea of one-parameter scaling for monofractals. This technique has been demonstrated using results obtained from a 2D MHD simulation. It has also been successfully applied to in-situ solar wind observations [Chang T., Wu, C.C. and Podesta, J., AIP Conf Proc. 1039, 75, 2008], and the broadband electric field oscillations from the auroral zone [Tam, S.W.Y. et al., Physical Rev, E81, 036414, 2010]. We take the next step in this procedure. By using the ROMA spectra and the scaled probability distribution functions (PDFs), raw PDFs can be calculated, which can be compared directly with PDFs from observations or simulation results. In addition to 2D MHD simulation results and in-situ solar wind observation, we show clearly using the ROMA analysis the multifractal character of the 3D fluid simulation data obtained from the JHU turbulence database cluster at http://turbulence.pha.jhu.edu. In particular, we show the scaling of the non-symmetrical PDF for the parallel-velocity fluctuations of this 3D fluid data.

  3. „They took personal data and some pictures, yet they found nothing for us” – misunderstanding and suspicion in a marginal Roma neighborhood from Romania

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    Plainer Zsuzsa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper claimed to reveal, that mistrust during fieldwork is more than an unpleasant individual experience: it is a telling ethnographic data. Repudiation of Gallilei Street ghetto residents was equally due to a wrong research question and some external factors. Postsocialist industrial restructuration and residential policies brought – likewise everywhere in Eastern Europe – insecurity to the one-time privileged working-class. To go further, unemployment entailed changes in residential patterns and echoed new forms of exclusion. The better-off workers, Roman and non-Roma, could – at least partly – maintain their previous conditions, but many were pushed to the fringes of the social structure. In lack of capital they cannot stand in the process of privatization, lost their rented apartments and become evicted. Others, coming as a second wave to an old block, were facing uncertain situation with property rights; decaying conditions – initially a cause of avoided privatization later an effect of it – turned the green building into a “Gypsy ghetto”. And ghettoization did not only entail impoverishment, but created dependency to local institution, claiming to do good to the locals. Mismatch with school and NGO, being used by many, promising to help the Roma, green block inhabitants look suspiciously to anyone resembling with such helpers.

  4. Interview to Paolo De Bernardis, Astrophysicist Università di Roma La Sapienza, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery.

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Visual Media Office

    2012-01-01

    Interview to Paolo De Bernardis, Astrophysicist Università di Roma La Sapienza, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery. He focusses on cosmic ray and CMB research with aiborne baloon experiments such as Boomerang and with the Planck satellite telescope.

  5. Approaches to Working with Children, Young People and Families for Traveller, Irish Traveller, Gypsy, Roma and Show People Communities. A Literature Review Report for the Children's Workforce Development Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Mark; Martin, Kerry

    2008-01-01

    The Children's Workforce Development Council (CWDC) commissioned this literature review as the first part of a project exploring issues around and approaches to working with Travellers, Irish Travellers, Gypsies, Roma and Showpeople, and the support, training and other programs available to staff involved. The project is intended to contribute to…

  6. Primeras conclusiones sobre el culto y la iconografía de Santiago el Mayor en la ciudad de Roma

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    Vázquez Santos, Rosa

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the artistic and devotional topography associated with St. James the Great in the city of Rome based on a study of the churches and pilgrim hospitals under his patronage. An examination of the principal bibliographical and documental sources, especially those concerned with topography and iconography, has led to two aspects that converge: one is chronological, and has allowed us to date the foundation, disappearance, destruction or change of patronage of the churches, confirming a strong development of the cult of Saint James between the Jubilee Year 1300 and the end of the 15th century, and subsequently a rapid decline throughout the 16th century into the first decades of the 17th century; the second aspect is geographical and demonstrates the importance of the basilica of St. Peter, its relics and its pilgrims in the early development of the cult of St. James and then, later, the connection between those hospitals and churches and the pilgrimage to the main Roman basilicas. To this is added a study of the works of art, preserved or lost, relics, processions and other liturgical expressions, completing a study which aims at presenting and overall picture of the subject.

    El presente artículo ofrece una topografía artística y devocional de Santiago el Mayor en la ciudad de Roma a través del estudio de las iglesias y hospitales que estuvieron bajo su titularidad. De la consulta sistemática de las principales fuentes bibliográficas y documentales, principalmente topográficas e iconográficas, hemos obtenido dos discursos que se entrecruzan: uno cronológico que permite fechar la fundación, desaparición, derribo o cambio de titularidad de las iglesias estudiadas, confirmando un fuerte desarrollo del culto compostelano entre el Jubileo de 1300 y finales del siglo XV, así como un acelerado declive a lo largo del siglo XVI y primeras décadas del XVII; el segundo discurso, geogr

  7. Fiumicino: New Port City and Gateway of Rome Fiumicino: nuova città portuale e porta di Roma

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    Luciano Fonti

    2009-11-01

    impianto opportunamente strutturato. Un porto (di qualsiasi tipologia potrebbe quindi rappresentare un formidabile volano di sviluppo economico per l’intera area fiumicinense, che diventerebbe così la testata dell’asse di connessione con la città di Roma, che si sta espandendo proprio in direzione mare con la nuova fiera, commercity e l’aera di Parco Leonardo. In definitiva Fiumicino, grazie alla sua posizione strategica rispetto alla metropoli romana e grazie alla sue potenzialità, potrebbe acquisire un nuovo ruolo nel panorama delle città satelliti romane, quello di porta di Roma, affrancandosi definitivamente dal suo status di brano di ex periferia.

  8. Association between metabolic syndrome and hepatitis B virus infection in the Roma population in eastern Slovakia: a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janicko, Martin; Senajová, Gabriela; Drazilová, Sylvia; Veselíny, Eduard; Fedacko, Ján; Siegfried, Leonard; Kristian, Pavol; Virág, Ladislav; Pella, Daniel; Mareková, Mária; Gecková, Andrea Madarasová; Kalanin, Peter; Jarcuska, Peter; Halánová, Monika

    2014-03-01

    The simultaneous presence of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in the high-risk Roma community constitutes a high risk for liver cirrhosis and potentially hepatocellular carcinoma. This study aims to explore the relationship between MS and CHB. Data from the cross-sectional HepaMeta Study conducted in Slovakia in 2011 among Roma living in rural communities were used. Participants were tested for the presence of MS, and lipid levels--total cholesterol, high density lipoproteins (HDL), low density lipoproteins (LDL), triglycerides (TG), apolipoprotein B100, and CHB HBsAg and anti-HBc IgG were also monitored. Viral load was measured in HBsAg-positive patients. A total of 452 patients were screened; MS was diagnosed in 29.6% of patients, and 12.5% had CHB. Anti-HBc IgG antibodies were present in 52.8% of patients. CHB patients had lower levels of total cholesterol (5.45 +/-1.21 vs. 4.71 +/- 1.23 mmol/l; p = 0.035), LDL cholesterol (median 2.2 mmol/l, interquartile range 0.88 mmol/l vs. 2.5 mmol/l, interquartile range 0.9 mmol/l; p = 0.01) and apolipoprotein B100 (median 0.66 mmol/l, interquartile range 0.26 mmol/l vs. 0.74 mmol/l, interquartile range 0.29 mmol/l; p = 0.025). Patients diagnosed with MS had a higher HBV DNA load than patients without MS (1,728.2 +/- 14.33 IU/ml vs. 12,779.1 +/- 20.9 IU/ml; p = 0.037). CHB patients with TC and apolipoprotein B100 within the reference range had a lower hepatitis B DNA (HBV DNA) load than patients with high or low values of TC or apolipoprotein B100. The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B and simultaneous presence of MS was high among Roma. HBsAg-positive patients had lower levels of total and LDL cholesterol along with decreased apolipoprotein B100. The viral load of chronic hepatitis B patients with MS was higher than in patients without MS.

  9. Pintando la voz de Dios: Wearmouth-Jarrow, Roma y la miniatura del Tabernáculo en el Códice Amiatinus

    OpenAIRE

    Chazelle, Celia

    2009-01-01

    Rematado en el 716 d. C. en el norteño monasterio inglés de Wearmouth-Jarrow, y enviado como presente a Roma, el Códice Amiatinus es la más antigua Biblia latina conservada completa. La ilustración a doble página del Tabernáculo fue probablemente colocada en el centro del primer cuaderno, quizá como una pieza suelta. Una declaración teológica que inunda el diseño de la imagen es la imposibilidad humana de contemplar a Dios. Moisés escuchó las directrices que le dio Dios para la er...

  10. Mutagenetic studies on wild Rodents from two areas of the district of Rome / Studi di mutagenesi in Roditori selvatici di due aree della provincia di Roma

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    Maurizio Tommasi

    1990-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Bone marrow micronucleus test and transplacental micronucleus test were carried out on wild Rodents trapped from two areas, Tolfa and Maccarese (Roma, to evaluate the possible genetic damage connected with the presence of pesticides and 137Cs from Chernobyl fallout. Results showed a statistically significant increase in the frequency of the micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MPCEs in the foetuses from Maccarese (1983; significant differences between mean values of Maccarese and Tolfa and between the first (1983 and second (1987 trappings of Tolfa were not observed in adult animals. Moreover, a small increase in 137Cs was observed in the specimens from Tolfa (second trapping. Riassunto Il test dei micronuclei (Schmid, 1976 è stato condotto su popolazioni naturali di Roditori Murini (adulti e feti provenienti da aree agricole della provincia di Roma (Tolfa, Maccarese per valutare i possibili danni genetici connessi alla presenza di pesticidi e di 137Cs proveniente dal fallout radioattivo di Chernobyl. I risultati ottenuti in Mus musculus domesticus hanno messo in evidenza un aumento della frequenza di eritrociti policromatici micronucleati (MPCEs statisticamente significativo nei feti provenienti da Maccarese rispetto a quelli di Tolfa, indicativo della presenza di un danno prenatale, mentre negli individui adulti non sono state evidenziate differenze significative tra i valori di Maccarese e Tolfa e tra i valori di Tolfa del 1983 e del 1987. È stato rilevato inoltre un leggero aumento della quantità di 137Cs negli individui catturati nel 1987.

  11. Use of high-concentration-short-time chlorine dioxide gas treatments for the inactivation of Salmonella enterica spp. inoculated onto Roma tomatoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinetta, V; Morgan, M T; Linton, R H

    2010-12-01

    Salmonella outbreaks have been recently linked to the consumption of fresh tomatoes. Thus, there is a need to develop systems that reduce the risk of microbial contamination to increase product shelf-life and keep fresh fruit attributes. The objectives of this study were to evaluate high-concentration-short-time chlorine dioxide gas treatments effects on Salmonella-inoculated Roma tomatoes and determine the optimal treatment conditions for microbial inactivation and shelf-life extension. Effects of ClO(2) concentration (2, 5, 8 and 10mg/l) and exposure time (10, 30, 60, 120 and 180 s) on inoculated Roma tomatoes were studied. Salmonella enterica strains, serotype Montevideo, Javiana and Baildon, were used to experimentally inoculate the food product. After ClO(2) treatments, tomatoes were stored at room temperature for 28 days. Inherent microbial population, change in tomato color, and chlorine dioxide gas residuals were evaluated. ANOVA analysis showed that both ClO(2) concentration and treatment time were significant (ptomatoes with 8 mg/l ClO(2) for 60 s, 10 mg/l ClO(2) for 120 s, and 10 mg/l for 180 s, respectively (initial Salmonella population: 6.03±0.11 log CFU/cm(2)). The selected treatments significantly reduced background microflora (pcolor and residual contents were not significantly different (p>0.05), as compared to the control. Results suggest the potential for high-concentration-short-time treatments ClO(2) gas as an effective pathogen inactivation technology for large-scale produce packing operations.

  12. Teologia, ordini religiosi e rapporti politici: la questione dell’Immacolata Concezione di Maria tra Roma e Madrid (1614-1663

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    Broggio, Paolo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the first moments of the doctrinal controversy about the dogmatic definition of the Immaculate Conception of Mary form the point of view of the relationships, managed by nuncio Antonio Caetani, between the Holy See and the Spanish Monarchy. Through the correspondence between the nuncio and the Roman Curia it is possible to appreciate Papacy’s will to avoid public “scandals” and to look for a mediation among conflicting religious orders (Dominicans, Franciscans and Jesuits. The controversy represented for the Spanish Monarchy of Philip III (and, later, of Philip IV a further occasion to affirm its right of intervention in doctrinal and ecclesiastical matters on the basis of its prerogative to defend the Roman Church.El artículo analiza los primeros años de las polémicas doctrinales alrededor de la definición dogmática de la Inmaculada Concepción de la Virgen desde el punto de vista de las relaciones entre la Santa Sede y la Monarquía española, gestionadas por el nuncio Antonio Caetani. Sobre la base de la correspondencia epistolar del nuncio con la Curia romana se evidencia la voluntad, por parte de Roma, de evitar los “escándalos” de los alborotos populares y de buscar una mediación entre las órdenes religiosas en lucha (dominicos, franciscanos y jesuitas. Estas polémicas fueron una ocasión más, para la Monarquía hispana de Felipe III (y luego de Felipe IV, para afirmar su propio derecho de intervención en asuntos doctrinales y eclesiásticos en virtud de su prerogativa de defensa de la Iglesia de Roma.

  13. Cine teatro Maestoso, Roma

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    Ricardo Morandi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available En un barrio de densa población y en la Via Appia Nuova, se levanta un tanto macizo y compacto este edificio, destinado a un triple fin: almacén, cine-teatro y viviendas. Dadas sus dimensiones, las tres funciones son de gran volumen: 3.000 m2 de almacén, 2.800 asientos del cine y 100 apartamentos.

  14. Cine teatro Maestoso, Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Morandi

    2016-01-01

    En un barrio de densa población y en la Via Appia Nuova, se levanta un tanto macizo y compacto este edificio, destinado a un triple fin: almacén, cine-teatro y viviendas. Dadas sus dimensiones, las tres funciones son de gran volumen: 3.000 m2 de almacén, 2.800 asientos del cine y 100 apartamentos.

  15. Centro experimental. Roma

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    Morandi, Riccardo

    1960-04-01

    Full Text Available Dos partes claramente diferenciadas se observan en este edificio: a Laboratorio y biblioteca; b Sala de conferencias. Ambas determinan, en la sinceridad expresiva de su morfología externa, la función que desempeñan. El primero constituye un bloque alto y de línea paralelepipédica, con tres plantas sobre el nivel del suelo y una entreplanta, en la que se sitúan los servicios e instalaciones.

  16. Paolo Febbraro (Roma, 1965

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    Juan Pérez Andrés

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Paolo Febbraro se dedica a la docencia  en centros de enseñanza superior. Lo mejor de su actividad poética está representada en la obra en verso y prosa Il Diario di Kaspar Hauser (2003; versión española de Bruno Mesa El Diario de Kaspar Hauser, 2015; versión inglesa de Anthony Molino The Diary of Kaspar Hauser, 2016 y en los volúmenes Il bene materiale (2008 y Fuori per l’inverno (2014. Sus versos han sido traducidos al español, inglés, francés y árabe. Como crítico ha publicado libros sobre Aldo Palazzeschi, Umberto Saba y Primo Levi. Su obra ensayística más relevante es L’idiota. Una storia letteraria (2011, en la que individualiza la figura del extraño en diversas obras maestras de la tradición occidental, de los griegos al siglo XX, pasando por Lucrecio, Maquiavelo, Shakespeare, Cervantes, Diderot, Stendhal, Melville y Dostoyevski. En 2015 se publicó el volumen Leggere Seamus Heaney, en el que se reúnen versos y fragmentos en prosa del autor irlandés. I grandi fatti, aparecido en 2016, recoge cuentos y breves textos en prosa escritos a lo largo de veinte años. Recientemente ha publicado Poesia d’oggi. Un’antologia italiana, obra que culmina, y tal vez agota, su larga actividad de crítico militante.

  17. Laura Pugno (Roma, 1970

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    Juan Carlos Reche

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Laura Pugno ha publicado cinco novelas: La chica salvaje (Marsilio, 2016, La caza (Ponte alle Grazie, 2012, Antártida (Minimum fax, 2009, Cuando vengas (Minimum fax, 2011 y Sirenas (Einaudi, 2007; y el volumen de relatos Sleepwalking (Sironi, 2002. Como poeta destacamos Nácar (Huerga y Fierro, 2016, edición bilingüe, blanco (Nottetempo, 2016, La mente paisaje (Perrone, 2010 y El color oro (Le Lettere, 2007. Ha sido incluida en numerosas antologías, como Nuevos poetas italianos 6 (Einaudi, 2012. Codirige la colección I domani de la editorial Aragno. Ha recibido el Premio Dedalus, el Frignano y el Libro del Mare. www.laurapugno.it

  18. Instituto Massimo, en Roma

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    Rebecchini, Salvatore

    1965-12-01

    Full Text Available This school complex, known as the Massimo Institute, involves ten separate buildings, where the various forms of teaching are held (both primary and secondary education, and there is also a large court, a gymnasium, two chapels, the priests quarters, also a nunnery, and various secondary facilities, such as stores, porter's lodge and washrooms. The Institute can deal with 1500 pupils, who can move from one section of the school to another along covered passages, which also help to give unity and a pleasant pattern to the total project.El conjunto escolar que constituye el Instituto Massimo, comprende: diez edificios, en los cuales se desarrollan actividades docentes—enseñanza primaria y secundaria—con un gran atrio de distribución; gimnasio; una capilla mayor y una menor; el edificio para los padres rectores del conjunto; el de las monjas; el de los almacenes y servicios; la portería; etc. La capacidad del Instituto es de 1.500 alumnos, y lo más característico de su composición es la red de pasajes cubiertos que enlaza, con gran agilidad plástica, los diferentes edificios.

  19. The Roma at Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    late 19th century, anti-Gypsy attitudes returned in abundance, especially in Western Europe. In the 1850s a Frenchman, Count Gobineau , published a...Germany”33 and paved the way for Nazi doctrine. In it, Count Gobineau posited that “race was the decisive factor in historical development and that

  20. Evaluation of HE4, CA125, risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) and risk of malignancy index (RMI) as diagnostic tools of epithelial ovarian cancer in patients with a pelvic mass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsen, Mona Aarenstrup; Sandhu, Noreen; Høgdall, Claus

    2012-01-01

    Diagnostic factors are needed to improve the currently used serum CA125 and risk of malignancy index (RMI) in differentiating ovarian cancer (OC) from other pelvic masses, thereby achieving precise and fast referral to a tertiary center and correct selection for further diagnostics. The aim was t...... was to evaluate serum Human Epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) for these purposes....