WorldWideScience

Sample records for monotheistic god comparative

  1. Monotheistic and spiritual style literature in traditional medicine's resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatami, Hossein; Afjei, Ebrahim; Hatami, Maryam; Hatami, Neda

    2014-04-01

    The basis for success of Iranian Gnostics, poets and scientists were moral teaching, attention to origin and searching for specific goals in creation of human and creatures as well as finding some of his essence in studying all phenomena regarding the creation of universe by divine attitude. There is no surprise that such relationship was bilateral and according to his promise to those who truly follow him such that he will show the right path of learning to human in order to obtain the secrets of life. This relationship has resulted in growth of famous Iranian scientists such as Rhazes, Ahvazi, Avicenna, Ferdousi and… at the beginning of the second millennium. Thus, goal of this research is to study the style of writing in original resources of traditional medicine. In order to increase the accuracy of this study, an electronic database version of traditional medicine resources has been prepared. Writing style of Alhavi book (by Rhazes), Kamel-al-Sanaah (by Ahvazi), Canon of Medicine (by Avicenna) and Zakhireye Khwarazmshahi (by Jorjani) was considered. This task was accomplished by searching using related key words such as God, creator, magnificent, omnipotent, transcendent, omniscient and many other similar words and then encoding them. Finally, content analysis of these words was performed. Hundreds of monotheistic words and many small and great texts related to monotheistic literature have been encountered in the literature, and some are mentioned in the following. Rhazes has started some parts of Alhavi by remembering the name of merciful God and saluting his prophets and has mentioned "God" for more than 570 times and the word "God willing" for more than 215 times. Ahvazi has written his book called Kamel-al-Sanaah by using monotheistic literature, so that both volumes of book are started by remembering the name of God and saluting his prophets. In the introduction of first volume of his book, he has acknowledged God due to conferring logic and wisdom to

  2. Seeking a consensus: water management principles from the monotheistic scriptures

    KAUST Repository

    Lefers, Ryan

    2015-03-13

    Religious and cultural values related to water use and management are important motivation for many people of the world. Although much has been written related to water management and use in Islam, fewer authors have attempted to evaluate water management through the lens of other religions. The common thread of monotheism, specifically worship of the one God of Abraham, binds together the world\\'s largest two religions (Islam and Christianity). Judaism also falls within this monotheistic group and is especially important in the context of Middle Eastern water management. As agriculture consumes approximately 70% of all fresh water used in the world today, proper management of water within its context is of critical and global importance. This paper presents an effort to build consensus from a monotheistic scripture-based perspective related to water management in agriculture. If greater dialog and agreement about water management can be attained within and among monotheists, complex issues related to transboundary water management, reuse and conservation could be resolved with less conflict, creating a shared overall management vision.

  3. The minds of gods: a comparative study of supernatural agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purzycki, Benjamin Grant

    2013-10-01

    The present work is the first study to systematically compare the minds of gods by examining some of the intuitive processes that guide how people reason about them. By examining the Christian god and the spirit-masters of the Tyva Republic, it first confirms that the consensus view of the Christian god's mind is one of omniscience with acute concern for interpersonal social behavior (i.e., moral behaviors) and that Tyvan spirit-masters are not as readily attributed with knowledge or concern of moral information. Then, it reports evidence of a moralization bias of gods' minds; American Christians who believe that God is omniscient rate God as more knowledgeable of moral behaviors than nonmoral information. Additionally, Tyvans who do not readily report pro- or antisocial behavior among the things that spirit-masters care about will nevertheless rate spirit-masters' knowledge and concern of moral information higher than nonmoral information. However, this knowledge is distributed spatially; the farther away from spirits' place of governance a moral behavior takes place, the less they know and care about it. Finally, the wider the breadth of knowledge Tyvans attribute to spirit-masters, the more they attribute moral concern for behaviors that transpire beyond their jurisdiction. These results further demonstrate that there is a significant gulf between expressed beliefs and intuitive religious cognition and provides evidence for a moralization bias of gods' minds. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. A Monotheistic Look at Medical Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Ahmad Shojaei

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Medical ethics in a reductive look can be handed to physician’s ethics and then call a physician who adheres to medical ethics attributed to the moral virtues. Moral virtues are counted to be about one hundred and fifty in the teachings of Shiite most of which are not related to the practice of medicine but nearly eighty virtues are linked to the to the practice of medicine. This number is too much to be handled in a paper and analyzed by verses and hadiths. Therefore, we should take two steps: - limit therapeutic virtues - analyze therapeutic virtues METHODOLOGY: Factor analysis method was used and therapeutic virtues were limited to thirteen virtues. Then library study and focus group discussions were used to analyze the selected therapeutic virtues. Results: believe and practice the virtues emphasized in the teachings of Shiite leads to a monotheistic look to the practice of medicine and provides physicians with a different and transcendental worldview.This insight that stood upon the teachings of the Qur'an and hadiths by Imams (AS first knows the practice of medicine a divine relation and then shows the communication between a physician and others. The current paper analyzes the divine relation of the physician and its impact to the practice of medicine. The practical conclusions is that if we consider medical ethics practice based on virtue, and define and interpret virtues based on the teachings of Shiite, then we will get to a monotheistic view in the practice of medicine that distinguishes Shiite medical ethics monotheistic feature and the secular one, and helps to link between faith and morals.

  5. “Right to life” in monotheistic religions

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Reza Ehsani Mutlaq; Ahmad Reza Meftah

    2016-01-01

     " Right to life" as the fundamental rights of every person, from the beginning, has been important in the different schools of thought and religions, especially the monotheistic religions. In this paper, we discuss about "execution" and "abortion" as two of the most fundamental issues surrounding the "right to life", which has existed in human societies from the past to present. In Zoroastrianism, the punishment of "whip" has been more s...

  6. Women's reproductive health: monotheistic religious perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenker, J G

    2000-07-01

    It is important to those who practice reproduction techniques to learn about the different religious attitudes related to reproductive health problems. Religion exerts an influence on civil authorities in the field of reproduction such as prevention or procreation and in issues such as abortion and infertility therapy. The Jewish attitude towards reproduction can be learned from the fact that the first commandment of God to Adam was be fruitful and multiply. Judaism allows the practice of all techniques of assisted reproduction when the oocyte and sperm originate from the wife and husband, respectively. All Rabbinical rulings permit the use of contraception for medical indications. Economic difficulties and inconveniences of raising children are not indications for birth control practice. According to Judaism abortion on demand is forbidden but it may be performed if the mother's life is in danger. The attitude toward reproductive practice is different among the different divisions of Christianity. The practice of assisted reproduction is not accepted by the Vatican, however, it may be practiced by Protestant, Anglican and other Denomination's. According to the Roman Catholic doctrine the primary purpose of marriage is procreation. The contraceptive act destroys the potential of producing new life by sexual intercourse and violates the purpose of marriage and, therefore, is a sin against nature. The Christian tradition views the embryo as a human being since conception and, therefore, abortion is strictly forbidden. According to Islam, the procedure of IVF and ET is acceptable, however, it can be preformed only if it involves the husband and the wife. It allows contraception practice only under some circumstances and only in some special cases abortion can be preformed. Religion, being concerned with affairs that are regarded as extraordinary and as having unique importance in life, is an intrinsic aspect of the culture of all societies, religious groups, however

  7. A Comparative and Critical Study on the Proofs of God\\\\\\'s Existence from the Viewpoint of Mulla Sadra and Thomas Aquinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghasem Kakaee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Thinking and reflecting on God is one of the most important foundations of human knowledge according to theologians and philosophers. Therefore, proofs for the God’s existence  a very important theological and philosophical issue. Each thinker, according to his/her system of thought, has tried to establish a valid proof for the God’s existence of God throughout history. Mulla Sadra, founder of Hekmat Motealiye and Thomas Aquinas, philosopher of the middle ages, are two such important contributors. Though they both consider the God’s existence as given, they still proceeded to establish a proof of the God’s existence. This article, first, explains Mulla Sadra’s and Thomas Aquinas’ viewpoints on the evidence of the existence of God, then presents a comparative analysis of some of their proofs for such existence. This article contends that Mulla Sadra enriches Thomas’ proof of possibility and necessity by adding emkan faghri to it. Further, it states that Mulla Sadar also completes Thomas’ proof of movement by incorporating essential movement in to it. Finally, this paper shows that Mulla Sadar gives reasons for the necessity of being with the proof of Seddighin

  8. “Right to life” in monotheistic religions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Reza Ehsani Mutlaq

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available  " Right to life" as the fundamental rights of every person, from the beginning, has been important in the different schools of thought and religions, especially the monotheistic religions. In this paper, we discuss about "execution" and "abortion" as two of the most fundamental issues surrounding the "right to life", which has existed in human societies from the past to present. In Zoroastrianism, the punishment of "whip" has been more significant than other punishments, including the execution, however, in several cases, the execution is imported, such as eating human flesh, banditry, etc. Also the act of "abortion" is never excused or ignored and it is known equal murder. In Judaism, the Torah puts the execution as the punishment of manslaughter. Among other crimes based on Judaism punishable by death, include: polytheism, kidnapping, sodomy, etc. There are different opinions among Jewish scientists in the case of abortion. Some of them prohibited this act, except when the mother's life is in danger. In addition risk for the mother, some others allow abortion for the reason of genetic diseases as well, and some recognize right to abortion just for mothers. In Christianity, the laws are more moral than criminal and penal. Perhaps only in the case of apostasy, the execution is prescribed. However, in the thirteenth century, church announced death as punishment of heresy, so it could not be rooted in original Christian faith. In Catholics and Protestants view, the embryo, from the moment of conception, is the perfect man with the right to life. Therefore, abortion is prohibited and punishable by apostasy known. Of course, there are other opposite opinions between different Christian schools. In Islam, the execution as criminal law divides into three types: retaliatory execution runs against murder, the penalty execution runs against some crimes such as sexual assault, working against religion and social security, etc., and the sentence

  9. Does God So Love the Multiverse?

    CERN Document Server

    Page, Don N

    2008-01-01

    Monotheistic religions such as Judaism and Christianity affirm that God loves all humans and created them in His image. However, we have learned from Darwin that we were not created separately from other life on earth. Some Christians opposed Darwinian evolution because it undercut certain design arguments for the existence of God. Today there is the growing idea that the fine-tuned constants of physics might be explained by a multiverse with very many different sets of constants of physics. Some Christians oppose the multiverse for similarly undercutting other design arguments for the existence of God. However, undercutting one argument does not disprove its conclusion. Here I argue that multiverse ideas, though not automatically a solution to the problems of physics, deserve serious consideration and are not in conflict with Christian theology as I see it. Although this paper as a whole is addressed primarily to Christian cosmologists and others interested in the relation between the multiverse and theism, ...

  10. God presseskik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaumburg-Müller, Sten

    2009-01-01

    Notatet giver et overblik over og analyserer Vejledende Regler for God presseskik samt praksis fra Pressenævnet......Notatet giver et overblik over og analyserer Vejledende Regler for God presseskik samt praksis fra Pressenævnet...

  11. A Comparative Study of Argument from Primordial Nature and Argument from General Consensus on the Demonstration of Existence of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Abdoli Mehrjardi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Historical evidences suggest that human beings have been always in search of God in some form. Some believe that man is born with this divine sense. This ubiquitous quality of human beings is called primordial nature (fitrah. Many scholars have tried to demonstrate the existence of God through this shared quality of human individuals. In Islamic thought this latter intellectual effort has been designated as "argument from primordial nature" and in western theological and philosophical thought it is known as "argument from general consensus". Although these arguments have some differences in their general settings and attitudes; but they both resort to human general divine attitude to demonstrate the existence of God. In this essay we have sought to propound the views of those scholars who have dealt with this argument at length. Reflecting on the general form of the expositions shows that the expositions of argument from primordial nature and argument from general consensus cannot demonstrate the existence of God without basing themselves on the principle of causation or human existential poverty. Via comparative assessment of these two arguments we have turned to the critiques which have been leveled against them and laid bare their similarities and differences. Of course there are some differences between the argument from primordial nature in Islam and the argument from general consensus in west. This essay seeks to assay the key expositions which have been offered of these arguments in Islamic and western philosophies. It seems that among Moslem philosophers, Mulla Sadra from the early generation, Allameh Tabtabaei, Imam Khomeini, Jawadi Amuli and Mutahari from later generation, have paid more attention to this argument. Among western scholars one can mention William James, Charles Hodge, James Joyce, Paul Tillich and Seneca who have made more direct remarks on this argument. John Locke is also against this argument. This is why we have

  12. A Comparative Study of Argument from Primordial Nature and Argument from General Consensus on the Demonstration of Existence of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Abdoli Mehrjardi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Historical evidences suggest that human beings have been always in search of God in some form. Some believe that man is born with this divine sense. This ubiquitous quality of human beings is called primordial nature (fitrah. Many scholars have tried to demonstrate the existence of God through this shared quality of human individuals. In Islamic thought this latter intellectual effort has been designated as "argument from primordial nature" and in western theological and philosophical thought it is known as "argument from general consensus". Although these arguments have some differences in their general settings and attitudes; but they both resort to human general divine attitude to demonstrate the existence of God. In this essay we have sought to propound the views of those scholars who have dealt with this argument at length. Reflecting on the general form of the expositions shows that the expositions of argument from primordial nature and argument from general consensus cannot demonstrate the existence of God without basing themselves on the principle of causation or human existential poverty. Via comparative assessment of these two arguments we have turned to the critiques which have been leveled against them and laid bare their similarities and differences. Of course there are some differences between the argument from primordial nature in Islam and the argument from general consensus in west. This essay seeks to assay the key expositions which have been offered of these arguments in Islamic and western philosophies. It seems that among Moslem philosophers, Mulla Sadra from the early generation, Allameh Tabtabaei, Imam Khomeini, Jawadi Amuli and Mutahari from later generation, have paid more attention to this argument. Among western scholars one can mention William James, Charles Hodge, James Joyce, Paul Tillich and Seneca who have made more direct remarks on this argument. John Locke is also against this argument. This is why we have

  13. God fondsledelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen behandler temaet god fondsledelse i såvel erhvervsdrivende som ikke-erhvervsdrivende fonde. Emnet er relevant eftersom fonde har en markant anderledes struktur end andre selskabsformer, hvilket især gør sig gældende med hensyn til ejerstrukturen. For det første er fonde selvejende, hvilket....... Erhvervsstyrelsen samt kritisk revision af fondens revisor. Artiklen inddrager Erhvervsfondsudvalgets rapport og forslag til nye lovbestemmelser samt udkast til anbefalinger om god fondsledelse....

  14. God fondsledelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen behandler temaet god fondsledelse i såvel erhvervsdrivende som ikke-erhvervsdrivende fonde. Emnet er relevant eftersom fonde har en markant anderledes struktur end andre selskabsformer, hvilket især gør sig gældende med hensyn til ejerstrukturen. For det første er fonde selvejende, hvilket....... Erhvervsstyrelsen samt kritisk revision af fondens revisor. Artiklen inddrager Erhvervsfondsudvalgets rapport og forslag til nye lovbestemmelser samt anbefaling om god fondsledelse....

  15. The need to belong can motivate belief in God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebauer, Jochen E; Maio, Gregory R

    2012-04-01

    The need to belong can motivate belief in God. In Study 1, 40 undergraduates read bogus astrophysics articles "proving" God's existence or not offering proof. Participants in the proof-for-God condition reported higher belief in God (compared to control) when they chronically imagined God as accepting but lower belief in God when they imagined God as rejecting. Additionally, in Study 2 (72 undergraduates), these effects did not occur when participants' belongingness need was satisfied by priming close others. Study 3 manipulated 79 Internet participants' image of God. Chronic believers in the God-is-rejecting condition reported lower religious behavioral intentions than chronic believers in the God-is-accepting condition, and this effect was mediated by lower desires for closeness with God. In Study 4 (106 Internet participants), chronic believers with an accepting image of God reported that their belief in God is motivated by belongingness needs.

  16. Comparative study of mental health of people who gratitude toward God, considering forgiveness, among children in center for Rehabilitation and Education and Shahed students of Zahedan in 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahboobeh Farzad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Present research’s goal is Comparative study of mental health of people who gratitude toward God, considering forgiveness, among children in center for Rehabilitation and Education and Shahed students of Zahedan. Questionnaires were distributed among 120 people that included 50 boys of rehabilitation center and 10 under 18 year old girls in women prison and also 60 questionnaires also were distributed randomly among Shahed school students. For collecting data mental health questionnaire (Goldenberg, 1972, appreciating God (Krause, 2006 and forgiveness (Rey, 2001 were used. Researchis comparison form and for analyzing data, multi-way Analysis of Variance was used. The obtained results of research show that the mental health of people who appreciates Godin rehabilitation center is less than Shahed students. Also there isn’t significant difference among mental health of people who gratitude toward God and forgiveness and the interaction among these components in rehabilitation center children and Shahed students.

  17. God fondsledelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian

    2010-01-01

    Professor Rasmus Kristian Feldthusen fra Københavns Universitets Juridiske Fakultet har til denne opdatering skrevet en artikel om god fondsledelse. Efter en række år med fokus på god selskabsledelse (corporate governance) er det nærliggende at sætte fokus på fondene. Tiden er nu moden til også...... at forholde sig til god ledelse af særligt store fonde, siger forfatteren. Dette ikke mindst henset til fondens særegne juridiske konstruktion som selvejende, hvorved der ikke er en kreds af aktionærer m.v., der kan vælge og afsætte fondsbestyrelsen. Fonden har udelukkende et offentligt tilsyn, hvilket er...... mere overordnet i dén forstand, at tilsynet ikke har eller kan have indgående indsigt i alle rigets fonde på én gang. Forfatteren gør opmærksom på, at diskussionen om god fondsledelse er et nyt tema, hvorfor artiklen givetvis ikke adresserer alle problemstillinger. Som juridiske konstruktioner...

  18. God videreuddannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uddannelse er ikke noget, du får, men noget, du tager. Det kræver planlægning, engagement, samarbejde og en vilje til gensidig forpligtelse. GOD VIDEREUDDANNELSE sætter fokus på en række væsentlige temaer, som du må forholde dig til for at få et godt udbytte af et videreuddannelsesforløb. Bogen...

  19. Interview God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ "Come in,"God said to me,"so,you would like to interview Me?" "If you have the time."I said. He smiled through His beard and said:"My time is called eternity and is enough to do everything;what questions do you have in mind to ask me?" "None that are new to you.What's the one thing that surprises you most about mankind?"

  20. The God who is born from the rock. Comparative aspects of the myth of the birth of Mithras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio Álvarez-Pedrosa

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to improve and complete some reconstructive proposals already existing that relate the myth of the Roman God Mithras' birth from a rock with other traditions, namely some Hittite myths or some legends from Minor Asia. By including data from Hittite Theogony and Rig- Veda and integrating them in a set together with the iconographic information from Roman Mithraism and Sassanid Persia, I propose an Indo-European origin for the myth of the God born from a rock.

  1. “Right to life” in monotheistic religions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Reza Ehsani Mutlaq

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available " Right to life" as the fundamental rights of every person, from the beginning, has been important in the different schools of thought and religions, especially the monotheistic religions. In this paper, we discuss about "execution" and "abortion" as two of the most fundamental issues surrounding the "right to life", which has existed in human societies from the past to present. In Zoroastrianism, the punishment of "whip" has been more significant than other punishments, including the execution, however, in several cases, the execution is imported, such as eating human flesh, banditry, etc. Also the act of "abortion" is never excused or ignored and it is known equal murder. In Judaism, the Torah puts the execution as the punishment of manslaughter. Among other crimes based on Judaism punishable by death, include: polytheism, kidnapping, sodomy, etc. There are different opinions among Jewish scientists in the case of abortion. Some of them prohibited this act, except when the mother's life is in danger. In addition risk for the mother, some others allow abortion for the reason of genetic diseases as well, and some recognize right to abortion just for mothers. In Christianity, the laws are more moral than criminal and penal. Perhaps only in the case of apostasy, the execution is prescribed. However, in the thirteenth century, church announced death as punishment of heresy, so it could not be rooted in original Christian faith. In Catholics and Protestants view, the embryo, from the moment of conception, is the perfect man with the right to life. Therefore, abortion is prohibited and punishable by apostasy known. Of course, there are other opposite opinions between different Christian schools. In Islam, the execution as criminal law divides into three types: retaliatory execution runs against murder, the penalty execution runs against some crimes such as sexual assault, working against religion and social security, etc., and the sentence execution

  2. Is God dead? The Nietzschean phrase about the “death of God” and the vitality of monotheisms in the Modern Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Uhde

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the great monotheistic religions –Judaism, Christianity and Islam– may seem anachronic. Judging from their principles and rituals, they appear to belong to the Middle Ages. This seems to be confirmed by a brief consideration of the history of Western science, certainly marked by first philosophy, and by its division into its three periods: ancient, medieval and modern. The One, recognized by Plotinus as the necessary condition of all multiplicity, and which religions identify with God, may be considered the principle of medieval thought. Alongside Descartes, modernity replaced this principle, and by the end of this period Nietzsche claimed that “God is dead! God remains dead! We have killed him!” But, is God dead? If the Modern Age, which started with Nietzsche, has killed God, does it mean that monotheistic religions have also been deprived of life and vitality? Or do they continue to live thanks to a free and self-determined assent to a living God that can be thought in relation to the world and to men and women?

  3. The preparation of the people of God for the final consummation according to Revealation 14 as compared with 1 Enoch 1-36

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    D.Litt et Phil. Bauckham rightly observes that the “… theology of Revelation is highly theocentric. This, along with its distinctive doctrine of God, is its greatest contribution to New Testament theology. Our study of it must begin with God and will both constantly and finally return to God” (1993b:23). True knowledge of who God is, is inseparable from the worship of God (cf. John 4:22) (Bauckham 1993b:32). To worship God is for the people of God the ultimate display of a love relationshi...

  4. Hvad er god vejledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Anne-Grete

    2012-01-01

    Et empirisk/teoretisk studie af, hvordan sygeplejestuderende beskriver en god vejledning, og hvordan vejledningspraksis kan kvalificeres i sygeplejerskeuddannelsen......Et empirisk/teoretisk studie af, hvordan sygeplejestuderende beskriver en god vejledning, og hvordan vejledningspraksis kan kvalificeres i sygeplejerskeuddannelsen...

  5. The God of Job

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonard Mare

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available God is often portrayed extremely negatively in the Old Testament. For example, in the Book of Nahum God is pictured as being responsible for the most horrifying violence imaginable. This negative portrayal of God is also found in the Book of Job. God is responsible for the suffering that his righteous servant Job, has to endure. He is even manipulated by the satan to allow him free reign in attacking Job. God even acknowledges that the misery and pain inflicted on Job, was for no reason. Job�s children are killed in order for God to prove a point, and in his response to Job�s suffering, he doesn�t even address the issue of Job�s suffering. This is a picture of a very cruel, vicious God. This article investigates the negative, disturbing images of God in the Book of Job. Are these images of God who God really is, or is the God of Job a literary construct of the author? The focus of this study is on the prologue and epilogue to the book, as well as the speeches of God in Job 38�41.

  6. God our king

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    the Biblical meanings of the metaphor are explored. ... histories. If they happen to live in a kingdom, as the British and Dutch people do, they ... models, is not accessible. ... deduce a so-called Biblical concept or doctrine of God's kingship from the .... impassibility, because it denies that God humiliates God self in Jesus unto.

  7. Destroying False Images of God: The Experiences of LGBT Catholics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deguara, Angele

    2017-04-10

    This article is about how lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans (LGBT) Catholics imagine God and how images of God change in parallel with their self-image. The study is based on qualitative research with LGBT Catholics, most of whom are members of Drachma LGBTI in Malta or Ali d'Aquila in Palermo, Sicily. LGBT Catholics' image of God changes as they struggle to reconcile their religious and sexual identities and as they go through a process of "conversion" from deviants and sinners to loved children of God. One study participant compares his faith in God to peeling an onion: "With every layer one peels off, one destroys false images of God." Most study participants have moved away from the image of God as a bearded old man and father of creation and moved more toward a conception of God as love once identity conflicts are resolved.

  8. God as Father: The maleness of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. T. Williams

    1990-03-01

    Full Text Available It is fashionable today to try to avoid sexist language in theology, despite the Bible’s consistent use of the masculine pronoun when referring to God. Although such an attempt has largely been engendered by modem culture, the maleness of God is not simply a hangover from a patriarchal society, but reflects a fundamental maleness in God’s dealing with man. It emphasises the idea of redemption by grace alone over against creation, and such aspects as the adoption of Christians as sons. The maleness of Christ likewise has not simply been cultural, but is significant theologically. This is not to deny any femininity in God, but to assert that male features predominate. Such an idea does not reduce the status of women, but rather an emphasis on redemption raises it. Raising the status of women in society would in fact reduce the pressure to demasculinize God.

  9. The three main monotheistic religions and gm food technology: an overview of perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singer Peter A

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Public acceptance of genetically modified crops is partly rooted in religious views. However, the views of different religions and their potential influence on consumers' decisions have not been systematically examined and summarized in a brief overview. We review the positions of the Judaism, Islam and Christianity – the three major monotheistic religions to which more than 55% of humanity adheres to – on the controversies aroused by GM technology. Discussion The article establishes that there is no overarching consensus within the three religions. Overall, however, it appears that mainstream theology in all three religions increasingly tends towards acceptance of GM technology per se, on performing GM research, and on consumption of GM foods. These more liberal approaches, however, are predicated on there being rigorous scientific, ethical and regulatory scrutiny of research and development of such products, and that these products are properly labeled. Summary We conclude that there are several other interests competing with the influence exerted on consumers by religion. These include the media, environmental activists, scientists and the food industry, all of which function as sources of information and shapers of perception for consumers.

  10. The three main monotheistic religions and gm food technology: an overview of perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omobowale, Emmanuel B; Singer, Peter A; Daar, Abdallah S

    2009-08-22

    Public acceptance of genetically modified crops is partly rooted in religious views. However, the views of different religions and their potential influence on consumers' decisions have not been systematically examined and summarized in a brief overview. We review the positions of the Judaism, Islam and Christianity - the three major monotheistic religions to which more than 55% of humanity adheres to - on the controversies aroused by GM technology. The article establishes that there is no overarching consensus within the three religions. Overall, however, it appears that mainstream theology in all three religions increasingly tends towards acceptance of GM technology per se, on performing GM research, and on consumption of GM foods. These more liberal approaches, however, are predicated on there being rigorous scientific, ethical and regulatory scrutiny of research and development of such products, and that these products are properly labeled. We conclude that there are several other interests competing with the influence exerted on consumers by religion. These include the media, environmental activists, scientists and the food industry, all of which function as sources of information and shapers of perception for consumers.

  11. Culpa og god revisorskik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo

    1995-01-01

    Artiklen fremhæver, at der ikke er automatisk sammenfald mellem responsumudvalgets vurdering af god revisorskik og domstolenes anvendelse af culpa-begrebet i teorien men nok i praksis.......Artiklen fremhæver, at der ikke er automatisk sammenfald mellem responsumudvalgets vurdering af god revisorskik og domstolenes anvendelse af culpa-begrebet i teorien men nok i praksis....

  12. Of God and Psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karasu, T Byram

    2015-01-01

    Psychotherapy is an instrument for remediation of psychological deficits and conflict resolution, as well as an instrument for growth and self-cultivation. In fact, psychotherapy is the finest form of life education. All of this is done without psychotherapists' playing a teacher, a minister, a priest, a rabbi, an imam, or a Buddhist monk, but by being familiar with what they know and more. That "more" is about understanding "the attributes" of gods and religions as they serve the all-too-human needs of believing and belonging. It is about the distillation of common psychological, sociological, moral, and philosophical attributes of religions, and the recognition that the attributes themselves are faith and God. Attributes that serve the affiliative needs define faith, for example, belonging is faith; attributes that serve the divine needs define God, for example, compassion is God. Those who have recovered from their primitive innocence need to formulate their ideas of God and religion, regardless of their affiliation with a religious community. One may need to resonate emotionally with the God of his or her religion, but intellectually need to transcend all its dogma and cultivate a personal concept of divinity free from any theological structure. Such an enlightened person achieves enduring equanimity by striving to own the attributes of Gods--to be godly. This is equally true for psychotherapists as it is for their patients.

  13. Understanding God images and God concepts : Towards a pastoral hermeneutics of the God attachment experience

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Counted, Agina Victor

    2015-01-01

    The author looks at the God image experience as an attachment relationship experience with God. Hence, arguing that the God image experience is borne originally out of a parent–child attachment contagion, in such a way that God is often represented in either secure or insecure attachment patterns.

  14. Understanding God images and God concepts : Towards a pastoral hermeneutics of the God attachment experience

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Counted, Agina Victor

    2015-01-01

    The author looks at the God image experience as an attachment relationship experience with God. Hence, arguing that the God image experience is borne originally out of a parent–child attachment contagion, in such a way that God is often represented in either secure or insecure attachment patterns. T

  15. God bolig i etagehuse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedel-Petersen, F.

    God bolig sammenstiller kravene til en god bolig i etagehuse med sigte på at etablere en målsætning for de nærmeste års boligbyggeri. Anvisningen peger på forskellige veje og muligheder for at opfylde de brugsmæssige krav, så udviklingen ikke låses fast.......God bolig sammenstiller kravene til en god bolig i etagehuse med sigte på at etablere en målsætning for de nærmeste års boligbyggeri. Anvisningen peger på forskellige veje og muligheder for at opfylde de brugsmæssige krav, så udviklingen ikke låses fast....

  16. Blog: the God particle

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    "Dateline video journalist Aaron Lewis this week reprots on the search to find the elusive "God particle", which, if found, could explain to scientists how everything in the world got its mass."(1/2 page)

  17. The god within and the god without.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, Teddi

    2013-09-01

    Spirituality enables the direct experience of connection between the individual and God, and can exist with or without an intermediary such as a religious institution. Via meditation or spiritual practice one can find God within oneself. Seeing oneself as a little Christ or Buddha affirms that one is sacred, and worthy of self-love and self-respect. This self-image is incongruent with violence to the self, such as substance misuse. Through spirituality we learn to see ourselves as parts of a whole, and worthy of the love and respect of others. This love is sustainable, and can fulfill what was unconsciously or consciously sought through the misuse of substances. From the point of view of the therapist, this is the beginning of healing.

  18. Understanding God images and God concepts: Towards a pastoral hermeneutics of the God attachment experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Counted

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The author looks at the God image experience as an attachment relationship experience with God. Hence, arguing that the God image experience is borne originally out of a parent�child attachment contagion, in such a way that God is often represented in either secure or insecure attachment patterns. The article points out that insecure God images often develop head-to-head with God concepts in a believer�s emotional experience of God. On the other hand, the author describes God concepts as indicators of a religious faith and metaphorical standards for regulating insecure attachment patterns. The goals of this article, however, is to highlight the relationship between God images and God concepts, and to provide a hermeneutical process for interpreting and surviving the God image experience.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: Given that most scholars within the discipline of Practical Theology discuss the subject of God images from cultural and theological perspectives, this article has discussed God images from an attachment perspective, which is a popular framework in psychology of religion. This is rare. The study is therefore interdisciplinary in this regards. The article further helps the reader to understand the intrapsychic process of the God image experience, and thus provides us with hermeneutical answers for dealing with the God image experience from methodologies grounded in Practical Theology and pastoral care.

  19. Is God just a big person? Children's conceptions of God across cultures and religious traditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyhof, Melanie A; Johnson, Carl N

    2017-03-01

    The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. In Study 1, 3- to 7-year-olds from LDS and MC backgrounds were asked about supernatural mental and immaterial attributes of God, a ghost, a dad, and a bug. In Study 2, children ages 3-7 from Muslim and Catholic backgrounds in Indonesia were presented with a variant of Study 1. Taken together, the two studies examine the God concepts of children raised in three different religious traditions with God concepts that range from highly abstract to concrete. Overall, we find that the youngest children, regardless of religion, distinguish God from humans and hold similar ideas of God, attributing more supernatural psychological than physical properties. Older children's conceptions of God are more in line with the theological notions of their traditions. The results suggest that children are not simply anthropomorphic in their God concepts, but early on understand supernatural agents as having special mental properties and they continue to learn about differences between agents, influenced by their religious traditions. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject Research on children's God concepts has established that children begin to distinguish the mind of God from that of humans by around age 4-5. The main debate in the field is whether children start out thinking about God in anthropomorphic terms or whether they start out with an undifferentiated idea of agents' minds as all having access to knowledge. Research on children's understanding of immortality has

  20. Principper for god undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Preben Olund

    2017-01-01

    læring. Derfor er det centralt, at kunne identificere, hvad det er for faktorer, der motivere de elever til engagement og arbejdsindsats. Organisering af indholdet i undervisningen kan bidrage til at motivere elever; men der er også en række individuelle forhold, der påvirker deres engagement og indsats....... Især samler interessen sig om principper for god undervisning (Pintrich: 2003). Principper for god undervisning betyder tydelig mål for læringsarbejdet. Det er et trygt læringsmiljø. Engagerede undervisere. Fokus på forståelse i kommunikationen. Et væsentligt indhold. Elevaktiverende læringsformer....... Gode relationer mellem eleverne. God og løbende feedback der mere går på proces og selvregulering, frem for produkt og person....

  1. Of Gods and Kings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brisch, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    throughout history. This is not a new point but remains all too often underappreciated when discussing the blurring of lines between human and god as evidenced in the deification of kings. In ancient Mesopotamia, one of the oldest high civilizations in the world, it was a short-lived but nevertheless...

  2. Looking for 'God'

    CERN Multimedia

    Henderson, M

    2003-01-01

    "Scientists seeking the God particle that is thought to shape the universe, have hollowed out a concrete bunker bigger than the nave of Canterbury Cathedral to study a beam of energy a quarter of the thickness of a human hair" (1 page).

  3. Het telefoonnummer van God

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, J.J.G.

    2004-01-01

    Er zijn duizenden moslims die twijfelen. Die er aan twijfelen of de verschrikkingen van de Hel wel echt bestaan. Die niet zeker weten of de Koran wel precies het letterlijke woord van God is. Die zich afvragen op de profeet van de islam, Mohammed (570-632), nog wel een goed voorbeeld vormt voor de

  4. The Memory of God

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Ulrik Houlind

    The thematic aim of the present dissertation is twofold: To contribute to the contemporary discussion within philosophy of religion, which revolves around ‘the death and (alleged) return of God’; more specifically, I want to rethink God through the concept memory, drawing on selected writings from...

  5. [Similarities between Indian Hindu god Dhanvantari and Yakushi Buddha (Buddha of healing)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natsume, Yohko; Okuda, Jun

    2008-01-01

    The authors compared statues and figures of Buddha of Healing (Yakushi Buddha) with those of Dhanvantari god and Varuna god in India. Statues and figures of Ayurvedic God, Dhanvantari, are respected by Indian medical doctors, pharmacists and patients. Dhanvantari has the medicinal pot containing the rejuvenating nectar (Amrta). Therefore, it is most probably the case that the Yakushi Buddha in Japan originated from the Dhanvantari God in Ayurveda.

  6. Autism Spectrum Disorders and the Image of God as a Core Aspect of Religiousness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaap-Jonker, Hanneke; Sizoo, B.; Schothorst-Van Roekel, J.; Corveleyn, J.

    2013-01-01

    Associations between Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and the image of God were studied among adult mental health outpatients with ASD (N = 78) and compared to a psychiatric and a nonclinical norm group. The God image, which refers to the personal meaning that God/the divine has to the individual, of

  7. Standarder for god undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dolin, Jens; Christiansen, Frederik V; Troelsen, Rie

    foretages på baggrund af forskningsresultater, og ansattes engagement i undervisning vil ofte være på bekostning af forskningsindsatsen – og dermed på bekostning af vedkommendes akademiske karriere. Dette roundtable vil diskutere hvorvidt indførelsen af standarder for god undervisning kan være en del af en...... indsats, som både kan øge kvaliteten i de videregående uddannelser og øge undervisningens status. En sådan standard kan formuleres på mange måder, som har indflydelse på såvel anvendelighed som på selve forståelsen af hvad god undervisning er. Den udviklede model kan opfattes som et dialogredskab...

  8. Jade God In [score

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Eiji Simurra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The work ‘Jade God In’ for solo piano is a working in progress in which the aim is to research different sonorities coming from a single piano gesture: the arpeggios. From the timbral point of view on the work this particular music technique is the support tool for brightness and darkness sonorities. The work is dedicated to the Brazilian composer Felipe Ribeiro and the Greek pianist and composer Ermis Theodorakis performed it.

  9. Gods as Topological Invariants

    CERN Document Server

    Schoch, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    We show that the number of gods in a universe must equal the Euler characteristics of its underlying manifold. By incorporating the classical cosmological argument for creation, this result builds a bridge between theology and physics and makes theism a testable hypothesis. Theological implications are profound since the theorem gives us new insights in the topological structure of heavens and hells. Recent astronomical observations can not reject theism, but data are slightly in favor of atheism.

  10. Beyond the God particle

    CERN Document Server

    Lederman, Leon M

    2013-01-01

    On July 4, 2012, the long-sought Higgs Boson--aka "the God Particle"--was discovered at the world's largest particle accelerator, the LHC, in Geneva, Switzerland. On March 14, 2013, physicists at CERN confirmed it. This elusive subatomic particle forms a field that permeates the entire universe, creating the masses of the elementary particles that are the basic building blocks of everything in the known world--from viruses to elephants, from atoms to quasars.

  11. En god arbejdsdag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft, Eva; Sørensen, Ole H.

    I dette værktøj finder små og mellemstore metalvirksomheder gode råd og redskaber, som kan bruges til at få styr på det psykiske arbejdsmiljø. Det kaldes det også »trivsel på arbejdspladsen«, og det handler om, hvordan der skabes en god stemning på arbejdspladsen samt hvordan stress og jag undgås...

  12. Tragic Paradox in Achebe's "Arrow of God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soile, Sola

    1976-01-01

    Leads into a discussion of Chinua Achebe's "Arrow of God" (1964) from his earlier novel "Things Fall Apart" (1958), because such a comparative approach provides an opportunity to see Achebe's elaboration and development of a subject that is obviously dear to his heart, namely, the trials and tribulations of a dynamic society as…

  13. Vulcan god of fire

    CERN Document Server

    McLelland, Tim

    2012-01-01

    Vulcan: God of Fire is a historical account of Britain's nuclear deterrent force, the development of atomic/thermonuclear weapons and the bombers. It includes a description of the design, development and manufacture of the Vulcan, the flight testing programme and entry into RAF service. There is also a full account of the Vulcan's career, including its primary role as a nuclear bomber and as a key participant in the 1982 Falklands conflict. Further coverage includes the use of the Vulcan as a refuelling tanker and reconnaissance platform, and the recent project to restore a Vulcan to flyi

  14. Of Gods and Kings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brisch, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    throughout history. This is not a new point but remains all too often underappreciated when discussing the blurring of lines between human and god as evidenced in the deification of kings. In ancient Mesopotamia, one of the oldest high civilizations in the world, it was a short-lived but nevertheless...... interesting phenomenon. The first instances of royal deification occur in the third millennium BCE during times of political expansion and centralization. Whether this worship continued into the second millennium BCE is still a matter of contention, yet Mesopotamian kings always maintained a close proximity...

  15. Standarder for god undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dolin, Jens; Christiansen, Frederik V; Troelsen, Rie;

    foretages på baggrund af forskningsresultater, og ansattes engagement i undervisning vil ofte være på bekostning af forskningsindsatsen – og dermed på bekostning af vedkommendes akademiske karriere. Dette roundtable vil diskutere hvorvidt indførelsen af standarder for god undervisning kan være en del af en...... indsats, som både kan øge kvaliteten i de videregående uddannelser og øge undervisningens status. En sådan standard kan formuleres på mange måder, som har indflydelse på såvel anvendelighed som på selve forståelsen af hvad god undervisning er. Den udviklede model kan opfattes som et dialogredskab...... for undervisningsudvikling, men kan også frygtes at blive brugt som et kontrolredskab. Disse forskellige muligheder og dilemmaer vil blive adresseret i samtalen. Oplægsholderne vil tage udgangspunkt i initiativer de er engagerede i på deres egne universiteter og fremhæve de konkrete problemer, som disse initiativer har...

  16. The identifications of God in W. Golding’s novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanina Yu. A.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The comparative analysis of the W. Golding’s novels demonstrates that the identification of God is the central problem in the works of the famous English writer. Golding did not consider Divinity only in connection with Christian orthodoxy, rational view of the world. In his novels, God gets different embodiments according to the wide cultural tradition. The group of heroes is trying to determine Divinity by force of the religious ritual in such fables as Lord of the Flies (1954, The Inheritors (1955, Rites of Passage (1980, Double Tongue (1995, The Scorpion God (1971. The writer was convinced that the base of any religion is violence and triumph of mass consciousness, it can lead to tyranny, totalitarian system. The heroes of novels Pincher Martin (1956, Darkness Visible (1979 opposed God to the ego. To Cris and Sophy God became “the black lighting”, the death, the damnation. By the example of their fates, Golding revealed the cult of self-will and individual freedom as the main problem of the contemporary society. Paths to God of Golding’s saints (Simon, Nathaniel, Matty are different and profoundly individual, they are far away of any standards. They believe in spiritual foundation of the objective reality, they can reach the theophany and spread their consciousness to the compassion of other people. However, saints are exclusion, that is why the author’s viewpoint is conveyed by the spiritual searches of Jocelin, Talbolt, Arieka. Each of them had come up the hard way from proud self-assurance to doubting and searching the truth. Golding supposed that the man cannot touch the ground of Divinity, but his aspiration for God is the root of human and morality. The author saw God as spiritual foundation of the objective reality that is becoming acquainted due to intuition, individual spiritual search and creativity.

  17. Pretending God: Critique of Kant's Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullatif Tüzer

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Due to his theory of deontological ethic, Kant is regarded, in the history of philosophy, as one of the cornerstones of ethics, and it is said, as a rule, that he has an original theory of ethics in that he posited the idea of free and autonomous individual. However, when dug deeper into Kant’s ethics, and also if it is exactly compared with theological ethic, it is clearly seen that all he has accomplished was to make a copy of the theological ethic and to use such secular terms as reason, conscience, good will, moral law, categorical imperative, universalizability, summum bonum, ethico-civil state/universal religion of mere reason as a substitute for such key terms of religious ethics as God, prophet, for God’s sake, the Golden Rule, Divine command, Heaven, Kingdom of God without modifying the wording, content and logic of theological ethics. So, the notion of a subject or reason which pretends to be God has no sign of originality.

  18. Man, Satan, and God of Mawlana (Rumi and Milton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Mir Mojarabian

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This research is a critical analysis on the place of human and his integration with religious issues, and the subject of disobedience and rebellion. In addition, topics such as reward, punishment, redemption and salvation of mankind in two great works of literature of the world, Masnavi by Mawlana and Paradise Lost by Milton have been comparatively discussed.     Rumi's poetry and thought has been accepted by commons and special people in Iran and the world. Rumi is one of the few supreme poets in Persian language and the world. Generally, Milton has Known as the greatest English poet after Shakespeare, and his Paradise Lost as the greatest English fiction poem. This work is a the well-known epics of human-divine composed in live new languages, and comparing these two works even in one field of speech, indeed is the comparison of two thoughts, two nations, and two ancient cultures.     The author attempts to examine the similarities and contrasts of the two poems of these two great poets on the subjects of human, God, and Satan and the world, to achieve the analytical and critical comparison of them in this context. In this paper the author tries to base the Paradise Lost of Milton and compare it with the ideas of Mawlana common to imagine man's first story and his disobedience, religious approaches, and finally the end presumed for mankind.     In these two poems, contrast between "God" and "man" is derived from the fundamental relationship between "God" and "man". Milton while calls God, our Heavenly Father and refer to his role of creativity, entitles him as the dominant power, All mighty, the victorious winner, Glorious and Holy ruler, powerful king, and in one word, omnipotent. The Creator that all creatures are worshiping him, the omnipotent could be seen his capability remarks in everywhere, the unique structure of the universe beautiful is his own and the glorious ruler, sitting over the skies, sometimes invisible and sometimes

  19. Man, Satan, and God of Mawlana (Rumi and Milton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Nasre Esfahani

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This research is a critical analysis on the place of human and his integration with religious issues, and the subject of disobedience and rebellion. In addition, topics such as reward, punishment, redemption and salvation of mankind in two great works of literature of the world, Masnavi by Mawlana and Paradise Lost by Milton have been comparatively discussed.     Rumi's poetry and thought has been accepted by commons and special people in Iran and the world. Rumi is one of the few supreme poets in Persian language and the world. Generally, Milton has Known as the greatest English poet after Shakespeare, and his Paradise Lost as the greatest English fiction poem. This work is a the well-known epics of human-divine composed in live new languages, and comparing these two works even in one field of speech, indeed is the comparison of two thoughts, two nations, and two ancient cultures.     The author attempts to examine the similarities and contrasts of the two poems of these two great poets on the subjects of human, God, and Satan and the world, to achieve the analytical and critical comparison of them in this context. In this paper the author tries to base the Paradise Lost of Milton and compare it with the ideas of Mawlana common to imagine man's first story and his disobedience, religious approaches, and finally the end presumed for mankind.     In these two poems, contrast between "God" and "man" is derived from the fundamental relationship between "God" and "man". Milton while calls God, our Heavenly Father and refer to his role of creativity, entitles him as the dominant power, All mighty, the victorious winner, Glorious and Holy ruler, powerful king, and in one word, omnipotent. The Creator that all creatures are worshiping him, the omnipotent could be seen his capability remarks in everywhere, the unique structure of the universe beautiful is his own and the glorious ruler, sitting over the skies, sometimes invisible and sometimes

  20. Man, Satan, and God of Mawlana (Rumi and Milton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Mir Mojarabian

    Full Text Available This research is a critical analysis on the place of human and his integration with religious issues, and the subject of disobedience and rebellion. In addition, topics such as reward, punishment, redemption and salvation of mankind in two great works of literature of the world, Masnavi by Mawlana and Paradise Lost by Milton have been comparatively discussed. Rumi's poetry and thought has been accepted by commons and special people in Iran and the world. Rumi is one of the few supreme poets in Persian language and the world. Generally, Milton has Known as the greatest English poet after Shakespeare, and his Paradise Lost as the greatest English fiction poem. This work is a the well-known epics of human-divine composed in live new languages, and comparing these two works even in one field of speech, indeed is the comparison of two thoughts, two nations, and two ancient cultures. The author attempts to examine the similarities and contrasts of the two poems of these two great poets on the subjects of human, God, and Satan and the world, to achieve the analytical and critical comparison of them in this context. In this paper the author tries to base the Paradise Lost of Milton and compare it with the ideas of Mawlana common to imagine man's first story and his disobedience, religious approaches, and finally the end presumed for mankind. In these two poems, contrast between "God" and "man" is derived from the fundamental relationship between "God" and "man". Milton while calls God, our Heavenly Father and refer to his role of creativity, entitles him as the dominant power, All mighty, the victorious winner, Glorious and Holy ruler, powerful king, and in one word, omnipotent. The Creator that all creatures are worshiping him, the omnipotent could be seen his capability remarks in everywhere, the unique structure of the universe beautiful is his own and the glorious ruler, sitting over the skies, sometimes invisible and sometimes visible, even

  1. Aanbid die godsdienste dieselfde God?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Buitendag

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Do all religions pray to the same God? A highly debated matter in South African religopolitical field is the question of whether different religions may worship together and if they pray to the same god at all. This question has come to the fore during the negotiation phase for a new governmental dispensation in this country, as well as in the opening prayers for Parliament in a pluralistic society. An exposition of the different views is given. The author opts for a view of existential experience of the personal, revealed, One and Only God. This conviction gives us the confidence in the Gospel so indispensable to the life of our churches in a pluralistic context. The dichotomy between subjectivity and objectivity is being rejected as is the consequent attitude of timidity or of anxiety on the part of the Christians in South Africa. A distinction should be made between worship in the church and prefers in a worldly situation.

  2. Do big gods cause anything?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geertz, Armin W.

    2014-01-01

    Dette er et bidrag til et review symposium vedrørende Ara Norenzayans bog Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict (Princeton University Press 2013). Bogen er spændende men problematisk i forhold til kausalitet, ateisme og stereotyper om jægere-samlere.......Dette er et bidrag til et review symposium vedrørende Ara Norenzayans bog Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict (Princeton University Press 2013). Bogen er spændende men problematisk i forhold til kausalitet, ateisme og stereotyper om jægere-samlere....

  3. A gleam in god's eye

    CERN Multimedia

    Hart, Matthew

    2006-01-01

    "Next year, Canada will take part in a $9.5 billion international project to find the Hggs boson, the "God particle" that physicists theorize gives mass to matter. As Matthew Hart writes, their exciting search brings up essential questions about faith, the universe and existence." (4 pages)

  4. Thinking of God Moves Attention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chasteen, Alison L.; Burdzy, Donna C.; Pratt, Jay

    2010-01-01

    The concepts of God and Devil are well known across many cultures and religions, and often involve spatial metaphors, but it is not well known if our mental representations of these concepts affect visual cognition. To examine if exposure to divine concepts produces shifts of attention, participants completed a target detection task in which they…

  5. 4000 Jaar van soeke na God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frances Klopper

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The 4000-year quest for GodSouth Africans live in a time of growing unease amongst Afrikaansspeaking Christians about the traditional God-image of their childhood. As a con-sequence, churches are losing members – which is of concern to the church’s leaders. By referring to Karen Armstrong’s book, A History of God (1999, this article shows that rethinking the idea of God is not new and that healthy iconoclasm is part and parcel of religions as evolving and changing organisms. Over the past 4000 years, each generation created an image of God that worked for them. The article reflects on the God of Judaism, the Christian God, the God of Islam, the God of the philosophers, the mystics, the reformers and the thinkers of the Enlightenment to the eventual eclipse of God in twentieth-century Europe. The purpose of the exercise is to encourage Christians to engage with the process and create a sense of God for themselves by taking heed of the negative and positive moments in God’s long history.

  6. Attachment Theory and Concepts of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duane F. Reinert

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available We replicated and extended Buri and Mueller’s study, which tested whether one’s God concept is primarily self- or parent-referenced. Following their findings, we predicted that God concepts would primarily be self-referenced. However, we also predicted, in line with attachment theory, that God concepts would be influenced to some degree by attachment to mother. We found our predicted result in a sample of university students (N = 223. However, when we examined the question by gender, we found significantly different patterns. Concepts of God as Loving, Controlling, and Distant were self-referenced in women but were not so in men. In men, Loving God was predicted primarily by attachment to mother, Controlling God was referenced to attachment to both parents, and Distant God was related to a combination of viewing self as distant and experiencing parental attachment difficulties, primarily with father.

  7. God-Belief, Self- Detection, Alienation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Sadeghi Hasan Abadi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available According to some Western thinkers, considering earthy and compelled human alongside with the heavenly and compelling God can result in nothing but human’s alienation and transduction of alien personality in his mind and spirit. Basically, man’s realization of alienation and its type has a close relationship with the way of consideration of human and his nature. Of course type of human regard to God and kind of God that a religion defines, is another altered factor that into the side transaction, human and God has a decisive role. In Islamic teaching human nature and religion are defined as two truth corresponding together and in other words unique truth manifest into the sight of genesis and legislation as human nature and religion. In Islamic philosophy especially Hekmah Al-Motaaliyeh (transcendental wisdom human’s relationship with God and also universe with God, is the same as relation and dependency. In heavenly instructions, human nature is divine whiff. Therefore, it should have total congruity with divine nature. Since self- forgetfulness is the direct result of God- forgetfulness, God-belief and self- detection have strong relation with each other, too. Moreover, in the mystical instructions of the Muslims mystics, God is a truth that is closer to man than himself. And therefore, the more he is such proximity , attraction and rapture to God, not only the man becomes self- alien , but also he will recognize himself better than before and will approach to his own origin.

  8. Politisk teori og god statskundskab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rostbøll, Christian F.

    2011-01-01

    deres undersøgelser og de politiske strategier, som de anser som praktisk mulige. God statskundskab er ikke blot defineret ved metoden men er tillige et spørgsmål om at bidrage til identifikation og løsning af vigtige politiske problemer. Normativ teori bør på sin side udvikles i dialog både med den......Politisk teori anses oftest ikke som en nødvendig del af definitionen på god statskundskab. Det er en fejl, da der er behov for klargørelse og begrundelse af de normer og værdier, som politologisk forskning uafværgeligt bygger på. Politologer bør kunne forklare og forsvare de normer, som ligger bag...

  9. The clash of Gods: changes in a patient's use of God representations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamothe, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    In this article, I argue that manifest and latent intrapsychic and interpersonal clashes of god representations, which are inextricably yoked to transference and countertransference communications, signify the patient's and therapist's personal realities and histories. More specifically, the therapist's conscious (relatively speaking) commitment to a god representation will not only shape his/her analytic attitude-as well as interpretations and noninterpretive interventions-it may also be implicated in a patient altering his/her use of god representations. I suggest further that one way to understand the process of psychoanalytic therapy is how both analyst and analysand tacitly face and answer the following questions: What God(s) orients my life and relationships? What God(s) represents subjugation, fear, and the loss of freedom? What God(s) have I repressed? What God(s) represents the possibility and experience of being alive and real with others? In the end, what God(s) will I choose to serve, to surrender to?

  10. Gods hand in die natuur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Duvenage

    1966-03-01

    Full Text Available Kan ons van so iets spreek? Daaroor bestaan daar seker geen verskil nie. Die Bybel is vol daarvan van Genesis tot Openbaring. God is Skepper. ’n Ander vraag is of ons God ook kan ken uit wat daar in die natuur gebeur? Verloop alles nie maar volgens ewige natuurwette waaraan tog niks verander kan word nie? Ons bely egter dat die Here nie net in die hart van die mens gelê het wat ons noem die „saad van die religie” nie (semen religionis, maar dat ons Hom ook ken deur die skep- ping, onderhouding en regering van die hele wêreld, aangesien dit voor ons oë is soos ’n mooi boek waarin alle skepsels, groot en klein, die letters is wat ons die onsigbare dinge van God duidelik laat sien, nl. sy ewige krag en Goddelikheid ...; dinge wat almal genoegsaam is om die mense te oortuig en hulle alle verontskuldiging te ontneem (Art. 2 Ned. Gel. Bel..

  11. Social Involvement in Religious Institutions and God-Mediated Control Beliefs: A Longitudinal Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Neal M

    2007-12-07

    This study examines the relationships among race, education, formal as well as informal involvement in the church, and God-mediated control. Formal involvement in the church was assessed by the frequency of attendance at worship services, Bible study groups, and prayer groups. Informal involvement was measured with an index of spiritual support provided by fellow church members. Data from a nationwide longitudinal survey of older people suggest that both formal and informal church involvement tend to sustain feelings of God-mediated control over time. The findings further reveal that compared to older whites, older African Americans are more likely to have stronger feelings of God-mediated control at the baseline survey and older blacks are more likely to sustain their sense of God-mediated control over time. In contrast, the data suggest that education is not significantly related to feelings of God-mediated control.

  12. Analysis of God\\\\\\'s Attributes of Act through the Notion of Vujūd-e Rābiṭ (Connecting Existence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Azizi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Depicting God's attributes of the act in a way that ascribing those attributes to Him does not contradict the belief in His absolute indivisibility is one of the most important theological issues in monotheistic religions; an issue whose solution is not possible without considering logical and philosophical bases. This article has aimed to describe the quality of existence of such attributes applying the specific definition offered for the concepts of existence and Vujūd-e Rābiṭ (connecting existence in Transcendent Wisdom. Ṣadrā changed the triple division used to be considered for all beings by dissolving the Vojūd- e RābiṭĪ (connector  existence into Vujūd-e Rābiṭ (connecting existence. His main point in this issue is to explain the way that changing beings are connected to God with indivisible existence.In peripatetic school, all the beings, as the embodiment of God's attributes of act, are regarded as connector existence. Considering them as connectors assumes a sort of identity and independence for them before the existence of God. By considering the propositions as simple and indivisible, and dissolving the connector existence to connecting existence,  Mullā Ṣadrā established a stable logical and philosophical structure for a great upheaval in having a different perception of all beings. Based on this view there is no independent identity for beings before God and their existence is regarded as unreal. Accordingly the existence of all beings is similar to the existence of a connecting element in a proposition which is dissolved in the existence of the subject. Such new definition would remove the contradiction available between the existence of God's attributes and the indivisibility of His essence.   The most important findings of this study are: 1- Mullā Ṣadrā, by developing the MĪr Dāmād's theory in distinguishing between the connector existence and connecting existence concluded that after rejecting the

  13. Talking about God with Trauma Survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Colin A

    2016-12-31

    Severe, chronic childhood trauma commonly results in a set of negative core self-beliefs. These include blaming the self for the abuse, feeling unworthy and unlovable, believing the world would be better off if one committed suicide, and believing that one does not deserve peace or happiness. Linked to these cognitive errors are beliefs that one is not worthy of God's love, that God wanted the person to be abused, and that the person can avoid God's judgment if she does not go to church. Strategies for dealing with these cognitive errors about God are presented within the context of a secular psychotherapy.

  14. God exists with probability 1/(H+1)

    CERN Document Server

    Hoey, Jesse

    2012-01-01

    This note will address the issue of the existence of God from a game theoretic perspective. We will show that, under certain assumptions, man cannot simultaneously be (i) rational and (ii) believe that an infinitely powerful God exists. Game theory and decision theory have long been used to address this thorny question.

  15. God and the World of Signs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Johanne Stubbe T

    2016-01-01

    Review of Robinson, Andrew (Andrew John Nottage). God and the world of signs: Trinity, evolution, and the metaphysical semiotics of C. S. Peirce. Publisher: Leiden: Brill, 2010. ISBN: 9789004187993......Review of Robinson, Andrew (Andrew John Nottage). God and the world of signs: Trinity, evolution, and the metaphysical semiotics of C. S. Peirce. Publisher: Leiden: Brill, 2010. ISBN: 9789004187993...

  16. How Children and Adults Represent God's Mind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiphetz, Larisa; Lane, Jonathan D.; Waytz, Adam; Young, Liane L.

    2016-01-01

    For centuries, humans have contemplated the minds of gods. Research on religious cognition is spread across sub-disciplines, making it difficult to gain a complete understanding of how people reason about gods' minds. We integrate approaches from cognitive, developmental, and social psychology and neuroscience to illuminate the origins of…

  17. Mind God's mind: History, development, and teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demetriou, Andreas; Makris, Nikos; Pnevmatikos, Dimitris

    2016-01-01

    We dispute the target article that belief in Big Gods facilitated development of large societies and suggest that the direction of causality might be inverted. We also suggest that plain theory of mind (ToM), although necessary, is not sufficient to conceive Big Gods. Grasp of other aspects of the mind is required. However, this theory is useful for the teaching of religion.

  18. Mani, Augustine and the vision of God

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-04-10

    Apr 10, 2013 ... Iain Gardner. Email: iain.gardner@sydney.edu.au. Postal address: Department of ... There is no reason to suppose that it differed from that practised in Roman ... There is a rule to direct four prayers to the God Äzrua, the God.

  19. The kingdom of God: Utopian or existential?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gert J. Malan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The kingdom of God was a central theme in Jesus’ vision. Was it meant to be understood as utopian as Mary Ann Beavis views it, or existential? In 1st century CE Palestine, kingdom of God was a political term meaning theocracy suggesting God’s patronage. Jesus used the term metaphorically to construct a new symbolic universe to legitimate a radical new way of living with God in opposition to the temple ideology of exclusivist covenantal nomism. The analogies of father and king served as the root metaphors for this symbolic universe. They are existential root metaphors underpinning the contextual symbolic universe of God’s patronage in reaction to the collapse of the patronage system which left peasants destitute. Jesus’ paradoxical use of the metaphor kingdom of God had a therapeutic value and gave the concept new meaning. The initial motivation for proclaiming God’s patronage originated in Jesus’ primary identity formation by Mary as single parent and was reinforced in his secondary identity formation by John the Baptist. From these results can be concluded that kingdom of God was not meant to be understood as utopian, but existential. In order to clarify the meaning of kingdom of God and God’s patronage for the 21st century, emythologisation and deconstruction can be helpful especially by highlighting the existential meaning of the kingdom of God.

  20. Hospitality and Sacrifice to Gods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stephan Feuchtwang

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the two paradigms available in anthropology to make a fuller sense of the ritual .One is“hospitality”, and the other is “sacrifice”.The author specially ana-lyses the complexity of Chinese “hospitality” and “hosting”, and draws upon certain contrasts between his and other views .He also outlines the role in China of personal self -sacrifice , and concludes that sacrifice as self -sacrifice is a historically specific expectation and a transforma-tion of filial self-sacrifice.Hospitality to the gods, on the contrary, is the offering of a sacrifi-cial victim in a sequence of ritual sacralisation , divined danger and lack leading to benign effica-cy and completed encompassment , and then withdrawal from that danger .

  1. Word of Jeremiah - Word of God

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Else Kragelund

    2007-01-01

    The article examines the relationship between God, prophet and the people in the Book of Jeremiah. The analysis shows a close connection, almost an identification, between the divine word (and consequently God himself) and the prophet, so that the prophet becomes a metaphor for God. This is done...... through exegetical studies of the call narrative (Jer 1), the Temple Sermon (Jer 7) and narratives about the prophet's seclusion from the people (e.g. Jer 16). In addition there is an analysis of Jer 36, the chapter telling about the writing down of the Book of Jeremiah. The main message of this chapter...

  2. Afwesigheid van God en teenwoordigheid van “god(e” in Hooglied

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Viviers

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The absence of and the presence of “god(s” in the Song of Songs The absence of the Israelite God in the Song of Songs is conspicuous. The poet of the Song is far too sophisticated to attribute this to a slip of the mind. Among many reasons offered for the absence of Israel’s societal stereotype of God, might the Song’s alternative views on gender relations, within a love setting, perhaps be a reason for prohibiting the “ultimate Patriarch” to interfere? Interestingly the Song contains quite a number of other notions of counter- intuitivity (= gods confirming humans’ propensity, since early evolution, to create gods to fulfil certain needs. Although it is an ancient love-song the Song has much to offer on gender and god constructs and the implications thereof for the civilization of society today.

  3. Attachment to God, Images of God, and Psychological Distress in a Nationwide Sample of Presbyterians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Matt; Ellison, Christopher G; Marcum, Jack P

    2010-01-01

    Drawing broadly on insights from attachment theory, the present study outlines a series of theoretical arguments linking styles of attachment to God, perceptions of the nature of God (i.e., God imagery), and stressful life events with psychological distress. Main effects and potential stress-moderator effects are then evaluated using data from a nationwide sample of elders and rank-and-file members of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Key findings indicate that secure attachment to God is inversely associated with distress, whereas both anxious attachment to God and stressful life events are positively related to distress. Once variations in patterns of attachment to God are controlled, there are no net effects of God imagery on levels of distress. There is only modest support for the hypothesis that God images moderate the effects of stressful life events on psychological distress, but no stress-moderator effects were found for attachment to God. Study limitations are identified, and findings are discussed in terms of their implications for religion-health research, as well as recent extensions of attachment theory.

  4. Die Woord van God by Luther

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W.C. van Wyk

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Luther's understanding of the Word of God. This paper attempts to show that Martin Luther is much more than a great personality from the past. He is in fact an important theological father of the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk. Our theology must be understood from the perspective of Luther's theology. A call is also made that theologians from the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk not turn their backs on Luther. This paper concentrates on Luther's understand-ing of the Word of God. It gives perspectives on historical developments in Luther's theology. It also disCusses the following themes: the Bible as the Word of God, the relationship between Old and New Testament, the relationship between law and gospel, the position of the pope and the role of experience in understanding the Word of God.

  5. [Imhotep--builder, physician, god].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikić, Zelimir

    2008-01-01

    The medicine had been practiced in ancient Egypt since the earliest, prehistoric days, many millenia before Christ, and was quite developed in later periods. This is evident from the sceletal findings, surgical instruments found in tombs, wall printings, the reliefs and inscriptions, and most of all, from the sparse written material known as medical papyri. However, there were not many physicians from that time whose names had been recorded. The earliest physician in ancient Egypt known by name was Imhotep. WHO WAS IMHOTEP?: Imhotep lived and worked during the time of the 3rd Dynasty of Old Kingdom and served under the pharaoh Djoser (reigned 2667-2648 BC) as his vizier or chief minister, high priest, chief builder and carpenter. He obviously was an Egyptian polymath, a learned man and scribe and was credited with many inventions. As one of the highest officials of the pharaoh Djoser Imhotep is credited with designing and building of the famous Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqarah, near the old Egyptian capital of Memphis. Imhotep is also credited with inventing the method of stone-dressed building and using of columns in architecture and is considered to be the first architect in history known by name. It is believed that, as the high priest, Imhotel also served as the nation's chief physician in his time. As the builder of the Step Pyramid, and as a physician, he also had to take medical care of thousands of workers engaged in that great project. He is also credited with being the founder of Egyptian medicine and with being the author of the so-called Smith papirus containing a collection of 48 specimen clinical records with detailed accurate record of the features and treatment of various injuries. As such he emerges as the first physician of ancient Egypt known by name and, at the same time, as the first physician known by name in written history of the world. GOD: As Imhotep was considered by Egyptian people as the "inventor of healing", soon after the death, he

  6. Belief in God among South African youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes A. van der Ven

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates belief in God among 538 students from standard 9 who attend Anglican and Catholic schools in the Johannesburg/Pretoria region. Within their belief in God they make use of different interpretations, namely anthropomorph theism and panentheism, non-anthropomorph theism and panentheism, as well as what is called aniconic transcendent pantheism. These interpretations do not appear to exclude one another, but co-exist in the students' minds.

  7. God, the universe and all that?

    CERN Multimedia

    Adam, David

    2004-01-01

    They call it the God particle: a mysterious sub-atomic fragment that permeates the entire universe and explains how everything is the way it is. Nobody has ever seen the God particle; some say it doesn't exist but, in the ultimate leap of faith, physicists across the world are preparing to build one of the most ambitious and expensive science esperiments the world has ever seen to try to find it (¾ page)

  8. Why science does not disprove God

    CERN Document Server

    Aczel, Amir D

    2014-01-01

    The renowned science writer, mathematician, and bestselling author of Fermat's Last Theorem masterfully refutes the overreaching claims the "New Atheists," providing millions of educated believers with a clear, engaging explanation of what science really says, how there's still much space for the Divine in the universe, and why faith in both God and empirical science are not mutually exclusive. A highly publicized coterie of scientists and thinkers, including Richard Dawkins, the late Christopher Hitchens, and Lawrence Krauss, have vehemently contended that breakthroughs in modern science have disproven the existence of God, asserting that we must accept that the creation of the universe came out of nothing, that religion is evil, that evolution fully explains the dazzling complexity of life, and more. In this much-needed book, science journalist Amir Aczel profoundly disagrees and conclusively demonstrates that science has not, as yet, provided any definitive proof refuting the existence of God. Why Scienc...

  9. When god sanctions killing: effect of scriptural violence on aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushman, Brad J; Ridge, Robert D; Das, Enny; Key, Colin W; Busath, Gregory L

    2007-03-01

    Violent people often claim that God sanctions their actions. In two studies, participants read a violent passage said to come from either the Bible or an ancient scroll. For half the participants, the passage said that God sanctioned the violence. Next, participants competed with an ostensible partner on a task in which the winner could blast the loser with loud noise through headphones (the aggression measure). Study 1 involved Brigham Young University students; 99% believed in God and in the Bible. Study 2 involved Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam students; 50% believed in God, and 27% believed in the Bible. In Study 1, aggression increased when the passage was from the Bible or mentioned God. In Study 2, aggression increased when the passage mentioned God, especially among participants who believed in God and in the Bible. These results suggest that scriptural violence sanctioned by God can increase aggression, especially in believers.

  10. FAITH IN THE ONE GOD IN CHRISTIAN AND AFRICAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Ike

    The Bible is popularly referred to as the sacred Scripture or the. Word of God. The first ... Faith in the One God in Christian and African Traditional Religions. 57 ... interpretative dimension and takes place within the context of .... and nature.

  11. God skik-standarder og retssikkerhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Marie Jull

    2012-01-01

    Forfatteren belyser god skik-begrebet som grundlag for retlige afgørelser og vurderer retssikkerhedsmæssige aspekter heraf. Det er en del af den moderne retsudvikling, at lovgivningsmagten fastsætter retlige standarder, herunder god skik på udvalgte retsområder, hvilket giver en række fordele i et...... dynamisk samfund, men kan udfordre principper om forudberegnelighed og legalitet, blandt andet på grund af en potentiel »privatisering« af normfastsættelsen....

  12. Humanity in God's Image: An Interdisciplinary Exploration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welz, Claudia

    How can we, in our times, understand the biblical concept that human beings have been created in the image of an invisible God? This is a perennial but increasingly pressing question that lies at the heart of theological anthropology. Humanity in God's Image: An Interdisciplinary Exploration....... Claudia Welz offers an interdisciplinary exploration of theological and ethical 'visions' of the invisible. By analysing poetry and art, Welz exemplifies human self-understanding in the interface between the visual and the linguistic. The content of the imago Dei cannot be defined apart from the image...

  13. [Gods, women and pharmacy in Greek Mythology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vons, J

    2001-01-01

    The study of Greek Mythology fully justifies Herophilus's phrase: "Medicines are the hands of Gods" (third cent. B.C.). A number of Gods are said to be the inventors of the drugs which are useful to men. Their names are still alive in the scholarly or popular appellations of a great many medicinal herbs. However, insofar as the action of a drug (of a Pharmakon) remains mysterious, one finds it in essentially female practices as well as in medicine. The study of these ancient beliefs, which have survived in spite of the progress of twentieth century science, can develop the history of epistemology of pharmacy by stimulating interdisciplinary research.

  14. Psychoanalytic Bases for One's Image of God: Fact or Artifact?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buri, John R.

    As a result of Freud's seminal postulations of the psychoanalytic bases for one's God-concept, it is a frequently accepted hypothesis that an individual's image of God is largely a reflection of experiences with and feelings toward one's own father. While such speculations as to an individual's phenomenological conceptions of God have an…

  15. Difference between the Approach of Aristotle and Avicenna in Proof of the Existence of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadsaleh Tayebnia

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available   Comparing between approach of Aristotle and Avicenna in proof of the existence of God, is a sign of basic difference between Peripatetic idea of Aristotle and Avicenna, also the different way that has been gone in the Muslim world compared to the west, in proof of the existence of God.   Aristotle in “Philosophies”, has been mentioned to the two arguments: "degrees of perfection argument" and "teleological argument", but his main argument on the existence of God, is “the argument from motion” that has explained details of it in the Lambda Book of Metaphysics and Physics. Each of the three above arguments has a cosmological approach and is categorized as the posteriori arguments.   For Avicenna, acceptance of that Aristotle had wanted to prove the existence of God by natural things, such as world motion, is very hard. According to this thinking, he focused all his efforts on not using the cosmological arguments to prove the existence of God. Avicenna used “the proof of middle and the end” and “the proof from contingency and necessity” in several of his books and his latest exposition of the proof from contingency and necessity has named “proof of the truthful”. His argument is ontological and priori too.

  16. Difference between the Approach of Aristotle and Avicenna in Proof of the Existence of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saeedimehr

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Comparing between approach of Aristotle and Avicenna in proof of the existence of God, is a sign of basic difference between Peripatetic idea of Aristotle and Avicenna, also the different way that has been gone in the Muslim world compared to the west, in proof of the existence of God.   Aristotle in “Philosophies”, has been mentioned to the two arguments: "degrees of perfection argument" and "teleological argument", but his main argument on the existence of God, is “the argument from motion” that has explained details of it in the Lambda Book of Metaphysics and Physics. Each of the three above arguments has a cosmological approach and is categorized as the posteriori arguments.   For Avicenna, acceptance of that Aristotle had wanted to prove the existence of God by natural things, such as world motion, is very hard. According to this thinking, he focused all his efforts on not using the cosmological arguments to prove the existence of God. Avicenna used “the proof of middle and the end” and “the proof from contingency and necessity” in several of his books and his latest exposition of the proof from contingency and necessity has named “proof of the truthful”. His argument is ontological and priori too.

  17. Closeness to God among those doing God's work: a spiritual well-being measure for clergy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proeschold-Bell, Rae Jean; Yang, Chongming; Toth, Matthew; Corbitt Rivers, Monica; Carder, Kenneth

    2014-06-01

    Measuring spiritual well-being among clergy is particularly important given the high relevance of God to their lives, and yet its measurement is prone to problems such as ceiling effects and conflating religious behaviors with spiritual well-being. To create a measure of closeness to God for Christian clergy, we tested survey items at two time points with 1,513 United Methodist Church clergy. The confirmatory factor analysis indicated support for two, six-item factors: Presence and Power of God in Daily Life, and Presence and Power of God in Ministry. The data supported the predictive and concurrent validity of the two factors and evidenced high reliabilities without ceiling effects. This Clergy Spiritual Well-being Scale may be useful to elucidate the relationship among dimensions of health and well-being in clergy populations.

  18. God and the Nature of Time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarot, M.

    2007-01-01

    If I would teach a graduate course on God and time, this would be the book that I would use. It provides an excellent, well-balanced introduction to all the major issues, and the author not merely describes the most important positions, but also indicates very clearly what, according to him, their s

  19. Det filosofiske grundlag for god pleje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Torben E.

    2008-01-01

    Følgende er omhandlet: I. Indledende bemærkninger; Den 'følte' pleje? - følelseslivets veje og vildveje i plejelivet; Menneskeopfattelse, fornuft og følelse; Er 'selvindsigt' et gode i plejen?; Plejen og personlige relationer; Det personlige i vejen for god pleje; Plejemæssigt engagement; Kropumu......Følgende er omhandlet: I. Indledende bemærkninger; Den 'følte' pleje? - følelseslivets veje og vildveje i plejelivet; Menneskeopfattelse, fornuft og følelse; Er 'selvindsigt' et gode i plejen?; Plejen og personlige relationer; Det personlige i vejen for god pleje; Plejemæssigt engagement......; Kropumulig pleje: Såkaldt 'kropslig viden' er umulig viden; At 'kere sig om', plejen og det individuelle; Skønnet i god pleje; God pleje og at gøre mere, end nødvendigt er; II: Om 'den anden' i plejen - hvad gør sig gældende for den, der modtager pleje?; Pleje, individ og kultur; Kultur, møde og sygepleje......-samling; Mennesket som et selv, ifølge Kierkegaard; Opfattelsen af mennesket som præferencesæt er ude af stand til at redegøre for menneskers liv generelt, men uegnet til at redegøre for pleje i særdeleshed; At kere sig om mennesker og at kere sig om oplevelser, ønsker, vilje og behov; Behov; Hvorledes plejer man...

  20. Big Gods: Extended prosociality or group binding?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galen, Luke W

    2016-01-01

    Big Gods are described as having a "prosocial" effect. However, this conflates parochialism (group cohesion) with cooperation extended to strangers or out-group members. An examination of the cited experimental studies indicates that religion is actually associated with increased within-group parochialism, rather than extended or universal prosociality, and that the same general mechanisms underlie both religious and secular effects.

  1. Doing God in a Liberal Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moulin, Daniel; Robson, James

    2012-01-01

    While we agree with Cooling's argument from fairness, we argue that Cooling fails to give an adequate account of how fairness can be conceived, particularly because he does not decisively tackle the issues surrounding doing God in a plural context, or the contentious issues of compulsory collective worship and faith schools. In order to explore an…

  2. Provide History of Religion and God

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginex, Nicholas P.

    2013-01-01

    There is a need for high school, college, and university educators to introduce their students to a history of mankind's development of religions and beliefs in God. Regarded as too sensitive a subject, students are deprived of learning how mankind has evolved ways to establish moral and righteous behavior to maintain harmony among competing…

  3. Tegn på god inklusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næsby, Torben; Engsig, Thomas Thyrring; Qvortrup, Lars

    inklusion. Vi håber og forventer, at listen kan bruges som inspiration for inklusionsarbejdet i mange andre skoler og dagtilbud i Danmark, først og fremmest i arbejdet med at man selv udarbejder tegn på god inklusion som grundlag for det fortsatte arbejde med og samarbejde om vellykkede inklusionsindsatser....

  4. The Violent God of the Old Testament

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    In his book, Taking Leave of Abraham. An Essay in Religion and Democracy, Troels Nørager argues that the willingness to sacrifice one's own son symbolizes the violent potential of authoritarian religion that can be seen today in terror actions. And he argues that this kind of God-relations are no...

  5. Calvyn oor die koninkryk van God en die staat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. le R. du Plooy

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Calvin on the kingdom of God and the state This article focuses on the relationship between the kingdom of God and the state. An attempt is made to put into perspective Calvin’s distinction between the spiritual dominion (regnum spirituale and the political dominion (regnum politicum. According to Calvin these two kingdoms should be distinguished and understood in the light of the kingdom of God. It is argued that the political dominion should seek to serve the kingdom of God in its own sphere. Secular governments should therefore establish and preserve civil justice and order so that God can be glorified.

  6. Ethics After God's Death and the Time of the Angels

    OpenAIRE

    Marianna Papastephanou

    2012-01-01

    The philosophical idea of the death of God (God understood in pre-modern terms as living presence) has had various semantic operations within dominant (post)modern positions on human empowerment. Beginning with the significance of this, the article aims to discuss the half-life of a God who has become a metaphor. In other words, it explores the reverberation of God and God's death in secularized philosophy as well as the consequences of this for ethics and the conception of the Good. Then, th...

  7. Beliefs about God and mental health among American adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silton, Nava R; Flannelly, Kevin J; Galek, Kathleen; Ellison, Christopher G

    2014-10-01

    This study examines the association between beliefs about God and psychiatric symptoms in the context of Evolutionary Threat Assessment System Theory, using data from the 2010 Baylor Religion Survey of US Adults (N = 1,426). Three beliefs about God were tested separately in ordinary least squares regression models to predict five classes of psychiatric symptoms: general anxiety, social anxiety, paranoia, obsession, and compulsion. Belief in a punitive God was positively associated with four psychiatric symptoms, while belief in a benevolent God was negatively associated with four psychiatric symptoms, controlling for demographic characteristics, religiousness, and strength of belief in God. Belief in a deistic God and one's overall belief in God were not significantly related to any psychiatric symptoms.

  8. Responsibility-the Value God Pursuing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑文文

    2016-01-01

    In Greek myths, there were many Gods and heroes who had their own relieves. What makes me most admirable is the first descendant of Titan-Prometheus. He created mankind and tried his best to help them and illustrated what is the responsibility by his practical acts. In this paper, I will narrate some meaningful stories about him and make a deep analysis on his personality so as to give us a direction in our daily life.

  9. Mani, Augustine and the vision of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iain Gardner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The recovery of the text of the Manichaean daily prayers provides an opportunity to consider how their recitation and practice may have influenced the young Augustine. It is argued that the prayers focused the mental and indeed physical gaze of the believer on the manifestation of God in this present reality, and through that upon the transcendent eternal world of future hope. If one accepts that Augustine as a Manichaean catechumen would have partaken in this most basic of the community’s religious duties then one must consider what effect this could have had on the development of his own striking and influential teachings about the vision of God. The article discusses evident allusions to this Manichaean practice in Augustine’s writings, and suggests that its influence continued through his later life despite his disavowal of his former faith. In particular, attention is drawn to similarities between the Manichaean ‘new aeon’ and the ‘heaven of heaven’ in Augustine’s writings, where the pure of heart can look forward to unmediated contemplation of God.

  10. Relationships between God and people in the Bible, part III: When the other is an outsider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popp, Carol; Luborsky, Lester; Descôteaux, Jean; Diguer, Louis; Andrusyna, Tomasz P; Kirk, Dan; Cotsonis, George

    2004-01-01

    This study considers intergroup attitudes in the Bible and compares relationships between God or Jesus and (a) Torah non-Israelites; (b) New Testament people who were not followers of Jesus; and (c) New Testament people who were not Jewish. Torah non-Israelites belonged to an out-group with respect to the Hebrew Torah, New Testament people who were not followers of Jesus belonged to an out-group with respect to the Christian New Testament, and New Testament people who were not Jewish were an in-group with respect to Christians. Results were that God or Jesus' relationships were very negative with people in the Torah who were non-Israelites and with people in the New Testament who were not followers, while relationships were positive with people in the New Testament who were not Jewish. Thus, in conclusion, results indicate that both the New Testament and the Torah portray negative relationships between God or Jesus and members of out-groups. Relationships portrayed in New Testament narratives about God and people who were not followers were sometimes more negative than observed for other groups in the New Testament and the Torah; for people who were viewed as outsiders, the New Testament could sometimes be more negative than the Torah. An aim of this study was to identify patterns of relationships between God or Jesus and different types of people in narratives of the Torah and in the New Testament. One of the characteristics of different types of people, including people described in biblical narratives, is whether they are members of in-groups or out-groups. Our focus in this report is on biblical narratives about people who are members of out-groups. The results contribute a clinical-quantitative assessment of out-groups in the Torah and New Testament that is focused on relationship with God, a central issue in the psychology of religion and the Bible.

  11. God as an Attachment Figure : A Case Study of the God Attachment Language and God Concepts of Anxiously Attached Christian Youths in South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Counted, Victor

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the role of the Christian God as an attachment figure, using the attachment language criteria of a strong and enduring affectionate bond. Respondents were 15 anxiously attached Christian youths, purposefully selected for in-depth interviews to explore their God attachment

  12. God as an Attachment Figure : A Case Study of the God Attachment Language and God Concepts of Anxiously Attached Christian Youths in South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Counted, Victor

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the role of the Christian God as an attachment figure, using the attachment language criteria of a strong and enduring affectionate bond. Respondents were 15 anxiously attached Christian youths, purposefully selected for in-depth interviews to explore their God attachment languag

  13. Good God?!? Lamentations as a model for mourning the loss of the good God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houck-Loomis, Tiffany

    2012-09-01

    This article will address the devastating psychological and social effects due to the loss of one's primary love-object, namely God in the case of faith communities and religious individuals. By using Melanie Klein's Object Relations Theory (Klein in Envy and gratitude and other works 1946/1963. The Free Press, New York, 1975a) as a way to enter the text of Lamentations, I will articulate an alternative reading that can serve as a model for Pastors and Educators to use when walking with individuals and communities through unspeakable losses. I will argue that Lamentations may be used as a tool for naming confounding depression and anxiety that stems from a damaged introjected object (one's personal God). This tool may provide individuals and communities a framework for placing anger and contempt upon God in order to re-assimilate this loved yet hated object, eventually leading toward healing and restoration of the self.

  14. Benevolent Images of God, Gratitude, and Physical Health Status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Neal; Emmons, Robert A; Ironson, Gail

    2015-08-01

    This study has two goals. The first is to assess whether a benevolent image of God is associated with better physical health. The second goal is to examine the aspects of congregational life that is associated with a benevolent image of God. Data from a new nationwide survey (N = 1774) are used to test the following core hypotheses: (1) people who attend worship services more often and individuals who receive more spiritual support from fellow church members (i.e., informal assistance that is intended to increase the religious beliefs and behaviors of the recipient) will have more benevolent images of God, (2) individuals who believe that God is benevolent will feel more grateful to God, (3) study participants who are more grateful to God will be more hopeful about the future, and (4) greater hope will be associated with better health. The data provide support for each of these relationships.

  15. Google as God? Opportunities and Risks of the Information Age

    CERN Document Server

    Helbing, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    If God did not exist - people would invent one. The development of human civilization requires mechanisms promoting cooperation and social order. One of these mechanisms is based on the idea that everything we do is seen and judged by God - bad deeds will be punished, while good ones will be rewarded. The Information Age has now fueled the dream that God-like omniscience and omnipotence can be created by man.

  16. Lewensgemeenskap met God as essensie van Bybelse spiritualiteit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. B. du Toit

    1993-09-01

    Full Text Available Living communion with God as essence of biblical spiritualityOur age experiences an urgent need for real spirituality. This article is intended as a further contribution to the local discussion on this topic. Life-long communion with God is highlighted as the essence of biblical spirituality, although the Bible contains different traditions and types in this regard. The most important aspects of this living fellowship with God is the praesentia Dei, the relational framework within which it takes place, metaphors reflecting its existence, specific moments of meeting with God, and its ethical and eschatological edges.

  17. A Paradigm to Assess Implicit Attitudes towards God: The Positive/Negative God Associations Task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirutinsky, Steven; Carp, Sean; Rosmarin, David H

    2017-02-01

    Psychological research on the relationship between spirituality/religion and mental health has grown considerably over the past several decades and now constitutes a sizable body of scholarship. Among dimensions of S/R, positive beliefs about God have been significantly related to better mental health outcomes, and conversely negative beliefs about God are generally associated with more distress. However, prior research on this topic has relied heavily upon self-report Likert-type scales, which are vulnerable to self-report biases and measure only explicit cognitive processes. In this study, we developed and validated an implicit social cognition task, the Positive/Negative God Go/No-go Association Task (PNG-GNAT), for use in psychological research on spirituality and religion (S/R). Preliminary evidence in a large sample (N = 381) suggests that the PNG-GNAT demonstrates internal consistency, test-retest and split-half reliability, and concurrent evidence of validity. Further, our results suggest that PNG-GNAT scores represent different underlying dimensions of S/R than explicit self-report measures, and incrementally predict mental health above and beyond self-report assessment. The PNG-GNAT appears to be an effective tool for measuring implicit positive/negative beliefs about God.

  18. Exploring God: Using the Arts as a Way to Engage Secondary Students in Discussions about God

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reingold, Matt

    2016-01-01

    The article presents research from a practitioner research study conducted in a non-denominational Jewish secondary school. As part of the study, students created artistic works based on chapter 12 of the biblical book of Numbers. Four of the twelve student groups created works that directly engaged with their conceptions of God as represented in…

  19. God put a thought into my mind: the charismatic Christian experience of receiving communications from God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dein, Simon; Cook, Christopher C H

    2015-02-07

    The agentive aspects of communicative religious experiences remain somewhat neglected in the social sciences literature. There is a need for phenomenological descriptions of these experiences and the ways in which they differ from culturally defined psychopathological states. In this semi-structured interview study, eight congregants attending an evangelical church in London were asked to describe their experiences of God communicating with them. Communications from God were related to current events rather than to the prediction of future events. These communications were received as thoughts and do not generally reveal metaphysical insights, but rather they relate to the mundane world. They provided direction, consolation and empowerment in the lives of those receiving them. Individuals recounted that on occasion God sometimes speaks audibly, or accompanied by supernatural phenomena, but in the vast majority of cases, the way God speaks is through thoughts or impressions. In all instances, agency is maintained, individuals can choose to obey the thoughts/voices or not. The findings are discussed in relation to externalisation of agency and the phenomenon of thought insertion in schizophrenia.

  20. God Loves Us All: Helping Christians Know and Name God in a Post-Holocaust Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhaus, Cyndi

    2011-01-01

    Reflection on the Holocaust is still critical today to help all educators teach their students about good and evil in the world today. In particular, reflection on the Holocaust is crucial for religious educators to help people know and name God, as well as help them deal with questions of theodicy, within their everyday life experiences. This…

  1. 'If those to whom the W/word of God came were called gods ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-07-01

    Jul 1, 2015 ... This seems to me to go further than the evidence warrants, influenced by later .... λόγῳ), by which he made the universe, is that by which He draws the perfect ... prophetic mind alone should approach God and that those in.

  2. Can we know God is real?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roy Clouser

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the question as to what ground we have for believing that God is the only true Divinity. A re-evaluation of the misconception of faith as ‘blind trust’ or belief without reason is provided. From this it is seen that faith, as used in the Bible, may refer to the whole of Christianity as ‘the faith’, to trust based on expectation (not ‘blind trust’, or to faith as genuine knowledge derived from experience. Based on the idea of faith as knowledge derived from experience, this article investigates religious experiences and the self-evident beliefs often arising from these experiences as possibly forming a valid part of our knowledge of God. The traditional restrictions on self-evident truths (that a truth must be recognised by all who understand it, that it must be a necessary truth and that it must be an infallible truth are shown to be unsupported and contradicted by experience. The definition of ‘self-evidence’ defended is that such beliefs are simply produced in the mind by experience instead of being inferred from other beliefs, that they are experienced as prima facie true, and that they are irresistible or impossible to disbelieve for the person who had the experience. If we accept this definition of self-evident truths, which corresponds to the way they are actually experienced rather than the version that includes arbitrary restrictions imposed by a few philosophers, not only will beliefs such as that other people have minds, or that our names are what they are, be allowed as self-evident. The experience of the gospel as the truth about God will also be a genuine self-evident truth to those who experience it as such.

  3. The kingdom of God and modern society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.A. de Jong

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available The kingdom of God implies God’s rule in the regenerated heart. Consideration of the kingdom and modern society should be understood ecclesiologically. Herman Ridderbos’ notion of the relation of church and kingdom (sign, first-fruits, and instrument is helpful, but must be applied in the context of nine realities of modern society. Corporate, modern discipleship is created when the church institute attends to all the features of its calling. This includes imparting biblical principles and giving general direction for modern social programmes and practices, but refraining from expressing itself on the specifics of complex programmes.

  4. Retirement Planning Among Hispanics: In God's Hands?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, Luisa R; Aguila, Emma; Gongora, Arturo; Duru, O Kenrik

    2016-12-15

    We conducted a qualitative study on retirement preparedness among middle-aged and older low-income Hispanics in Los Angeles. Data were derived from four focus groups conducted in the greater Los Angeles area. Findings demonstrate how behavioral and cultural factors-family experiences, religiosity, and denial of retirement-explain the lack of savings and preparedness for retirement. Findings also indicate that the majority of participants want to be economically independent and to keep working until they are unable to do so. Participants helped their parents financially but did not feel comfortable asking their own children for help. Instead, participants placed their survival in retirement "in God's hands."

  5. Conceptions of Parents, Conceptions of Self, and Conceptions of God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buri, John R.; Mueller, Rebecca A.

    Different theorists have suggested that an individual's view of God may be related to one's view of one's father, one's mother, or one's self. A study was conducted to examine the relationship of college students' conceptions of the wrathfulness-kindliness of God to their conceptions of their father's and mother's permissiveness, authoritarianism,…

  6. Divine Intuition: Cognitive Style Influences Belief in God

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shenhav, Amitai; Rand, David G.; Greene, Joshua D.

    2012-01-01

    Some have argued that belief in God is intuitive, a natural (by-)product of the human mind given its cognitive structure and social context. If this is true, the extent to which one believes in God may be influenced by one's more general tendency to rely on intuition versus reflection. Three studies support this hypothesis, linking intuitive…

  7. Nearness to God: A Perspective on Islamic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alavi, Hamid Reza

    2008-01-01

    Islam, as one of the most important religions of the world, has particular and significant educational views. The purpose of this article is to extract and interpret Islam's view of education. Using classic texts and the author's scholarship, Islamic education is defined as a form of religious education drawing humans near to God and God's…

  8. Hallmarks of a genuine minister of the word of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fika van Rensburg

    1988-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1 Thessalonians 2:1-12 Paul writes about. his work in Thessalonians at a minister of the Word of God. Ho reminds hit readers of different features of his ministry. This article wants to pinpoint these features, to interpret them, and to apply them to the ministry of the Word of God In South Africa today.

  9. Traditional Rational Arguments for the Existence of God (Chukwu) in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Religion Dept

    implication is that due to hasty generalizations and false certainty some ... tradition which is easy to remember and pass on from generation to ... memories of one's pilgrimage to God: ONUCHUKWU (God's voice or ... Proverbs for the Igbo are vegetables for eating words; they are .... He is the Ultimate Being that creates.

  10. Attachment and God representations among lay Catholics, priests, and religious: a matched comparison study based on the Adult Attachment Interview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassibba, Rosalinda; Granqvist, Pehr; Costantini, Alessandro; Gatto, Sergio

    2008-11-01

    Based on the idea that believers' perceived relationships with God develop from their attachment-related experiences with primary caregivers, the authors explored the quality of such experiences and their representations among individuals who differed in likelihood of experiencing a principal attachment to God. Using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), they compared attachment-related experiences and representations in a group of 30 Catholic priests and religious with a matched group of lay Catholics and with the worldwide normal distribution of AAI classifications. They found an overrepresentation of secure-autonomous states regarding attachment among those more likely to experience a principal attachment to God (i.e., the priests and religious) compared with the other groups and an underrepresentation of unresolved-disorganized states in the two groups of Catholics compared with the worldwide normal distribution. Key findings also included links between secure-autonomous states regarding attachment and estimated experiences with loving or nonrejecting parents on the one hand and loving God imagery on the other. These results extend the literature on religion from an attachment perspective and support the idea that generalized working models derived from attachment experiences with parents are reflected in believers' perceptions of God.

  11. God in Aristotle’s Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Torrijos Castrillejo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the last few years, a new paradigm of the knowledge of the divinity in Aristotle has emerged, affording the possibility of understanding it as efficient cause. In that case, if God is efficient cause and gives rise to teleology, this must have some existential significance for man. We can ask ourselves therefore whether the knowledge of metaphysics can offer some orientation also for ethics. Yet if this were true, the need would arise to deepen the question of how much the gods love men and what would the nature of their relationship be to natural justice. Given that man is born and lives thanks to the divinity, the conclusionis that two consequences follow: a response of religious thanks giving is needed but also, that since the will of the divinity desires the good for man, the human search for happiness is the same as the fulfillment of the divine law. All this is explained, to a certain extent, in the context of the friendship between man andthe divine.

  12. Rethinking the creative power of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Muis

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Because the notion of ‘power’, and of ‘absolute power’ in particular, is associated with coercion, violence and oppression, it is problematic to attribute power to God. Jürgen Moltmann and Eberhard Jüngel reject a ‘theistic’, ‘metaphysical’ concept of God’s ‘absolute power’ and highlight the powerlessness of the suffering and dying God on the cross. In their view, limitation of power is also central to God’s creative power. In this article, this kenotic view on God’s creative power is examined. Firstly, the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes is explored as an important and still influential source of the modern view on absolute power as dominion. Next, it is discussed whether the innovative view on divine, creative power of Sören Kierkegaard can be seen as kenotic. Because both Hobbes and Kierkegaard refer indirectly to the classical distinction between potentia absoluta and potentia ordinata, this distinction, and its rejection by Schleiermacher, is investigated. The article concludes by proposing ‘empowering power’ as a non-oppressive and non-kenotic view on God’s creative power.

  13. God se antwoord op geweld en land in Deuteronomium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.L. Helberg

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Deuteronomium getuig van God se besondere liefde soos Hy dit in verband met die Beloofde Land aan Israel betoon het. Sy bevoorregting van Israel asook sy betrokkenheid by geweld roep egter baie vrae en bespreking op. Twee aspekte wat nie in die besprekings daarvan werklik aandag kry nie, word in hierdie artikel ondersoek: enersyds die verantwoordelikheid en/of skuld van die menslike partye en andersyds dié van God. Die bevindinge is: (1 Nie die nasies of Israel kan God verwyt nie, want die nasies tree self gewelddadig en eksploiterend teenoor mekaar op. Mense bewoon die aarde ten koste van ander mense en ook ten koste van die aardeself. Hulle tree hardnekkig en opstandig op teen die Wet en die wil van God wat die beste vir hulle bedoel. Tog is God in beheer van alles wat gebeur, Hy is onbegryplik en sonder blaam, selfs wanneer Hy in en deur die sondige werklikheid optree. (2 Deuteronomium praat van God se krasse geweld én oorweldigende liefde en verkondig dat Hy die verantwoordelikheid en skuld van die sondige, opstandige mensdom op Hom neem. Hierop gee die Dienaarliedere van Jesaja nog duideliker lig. God moet veral teen hierdie positiewe getuienis waardeer word. Dit is Hy wat aan die werk is en daarom moet die situasie vanuit die oogpunt soos Hy Homself bekend maak, beoordeel word.God, violence, and land in Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy attests of God’s exceptional love as proven to Israel in connection with the Promised Land. However, his preferential treatment of Israel and his involvement in violence invokes many questions and much debate. This article investigates two aspects, which do not really receive attention in the debate: on the one hand, human responsibility and guilt, and on the other hand that of God. The findings are: (1 Neither the nations nor Israel can reproach God, for they themselves act violently and exploitingly. They inhabit the earth at the expense of others and of the earth itself. They act obstinately toward the Law

  14. The (in)visibility of the gods in the Greco-Roman world and of God in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-10-26

    Oct 26, 2015 ... world and of God in Hellenistic Judaism: A comparison. The attribute of ..... a man who 'had the gift of holding mental converse with the gods, who live far distant in .... As his partners in power, he has a whole host of visible and ...

  15. African American Elders' Serious Illness Experiences: Narratives of "God Did," "God Will," and "Life Is Better".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coats, Heather; Crist, Janice D; Berger, Ann; Sternberg, Esther; Rosenfeld, Anne G

    2015-12-22

    The foundation of culturally sensitive patient-centered palliative care is formed from one's social, spiritual, psychological, and physical experiences of serious illness. The purpose of this study was to describe categories and patterns of psychological, social, and spiritual healing from the perspectives of aging seriously ill African American (AA) elders. Using narrative analysis methodology, 13 open-ended interviews were collected. Three main patterns were "prior experiences," "I changed," and "across past, present experiences and future expectations." Themes were categorized within each pattern: been through it . . . made me strong, I thought about . . . others, went down little hills . . . got me down, I grew stronger, changed priorities, do things I never would have done, quit doing, God did and will take care of me, close-knit relationships, and life is better. "Faith" in God helped the aging seriously ill AA elders "overcome things," whether their current illness or other life difficulties.

  16. A Mythic- Philosophic Analysis of the First Line of Ferdowsi’s Shāhnāma as Compared with Ancient Beliefs and “Khosravāni” Wisdom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    فرزاد قائمی

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Ferdowsi’s Shāhnāma has a monotheistic context and its narrative deep structure has been demythologized throughout history at religious, ritual and mythic levels. However, an analytical approach can spot traces of the ancient beliefs reflected in the symbolic implications of the narratives as well as the language and imagery of the Shāhnāma. The first line in the Preface of the Shāhnāma, “In the name of God of wisdom and spirit”, best advances a divine ontology. Drawing on historical studies in language (especially etymological analyses and a mythic-philosophic approach, this paper aims to delineate that the first line of the Preface symbolizes an ancient philosophical belief about the creation of “logos” and “total soul” by God. This line can be a symbolic interpretation of the name of the unique God in Zoroastrianism (Ahurā Mazdā. This interpretation corresponds to the philosophic thought of Zoroaster and “Khosravāni” wisdom and is reflected in the etymology of the word of Ahurā Mazdā. The compound word symbolizes the creation of wisdom and spirit by God in its two parts (i.e. Ahurā=the creator of spirit and Mazdā= the creator of wisdom.

  17. Tegn på god inklusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engsig, Thomas Thyrring; Næsby, Torben; Qvortrup, Lars

    , sådan at så mange børn som muligt kan inkluderes i det formelle læringsfællesskab og i skolens mange andre fællesskaber. Men en anden vigtig forudsætning er, at man kan se, om inklusionsindsatsen er lykkedes. Forudsætningen er med andre ord, at der udvikles tegn på inklusion, ligesom man i andre...... sammenhænge har udviklet tegn på læring. Det grundlæggende spørgsmål er: Hvordan ved vi som lærere og pædagoger, om vores inklusionsindsats er lykkedes? Og hvordan kan vi med henblik på en kollektiv indsats identificere fælles kriterier for succesfuld inklusion? Formålet med projektet "tegn på god inklusion...

  18. the God Particle & the Delusion of Grandeur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maksoed, Wh-

    2016-11-01

    It had been established that it was crystalline The inner core is isolated from the rest of earth by the low-viscosity fluid outer core, and it can rotate, nod, precess, wobble, oscillate and even flip over, being only loosely constrained by the surrounding shells- Anderson, 2002. Furthers in accordances of PMRI from Dr.Robert K. Sembiring to ASTRANOMICS, herewith Richard Dawkins: "the God delusion" - 2006 ever quotes by the Rector of the University of INDONESIA 2006 HE. Mr. Prof. Dr.derSoz Gumilar Rusliwa SOMANTRI: "Beyond 'delusion of grandeur' menuju INDONESIA baru Bebas Kemiskinan"ever retrieves Lester G. Telser- 1994: "the Usefulness of Core Theory in Economics" - "core theory furnishes a useful framework for a wide variety of economic problems. It has an undeserved reputation of being too abstract owing mainly to the manner in which it is employed in the theory of general equilibrium." Heartfelt Gratitudes to HE. Mr. Prof. Ir. Handojo.

  19. The Names of God in Jewish Mysticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Burmistrov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The concept of the names of God and their role in the creation and existence of the world, as well as the practice of their veneration constitute an essential part of Judaism in general, and are elaborated in detail in Jewish mysticism. In Kabbalah, an idea of the creative power of the Tetragrammaton (the ineff able four-letter Name and other names occupies an especially prominent place. It is based on the idea of linguistic mysticism conveyed in the Jewish mystical treatise Sefer Yetzirah (“Book of Creation”, 3–6 centuries AD.. According to this ancient text, the creation of the world is seen as a linguistic process in which the Hebrew letters are thought of as both the creative forces and the material of which the world is created. The article analyses the main features of the symbolism of the divine names in medieval Kabbalah. We have identifi ed two main areas in the understanding of the divine names, peculiar to the two main schools of classical medieval Kabbalah — theosophical (theurgic and ecstatic (prophetic. The ideas of these schools are considered according to the works of two prominent kabbalists of the 13th c. — Joseph Gikatilla and Abraham Abulafi a. In the fi rst of these schools, knowing the names of God leads to the actualization of the latent mystical forces and results in a transformation and reintegration of our world and the world of the divine. This process, in turn, is understood as having an eschatological and messianic signifi cance. Abraham Abulafi a elaborated sophisticated practices of combining the divine names aimed at transforming the adept’s consciousness, its purifi cation and development of special mental abilities. At the end of the mystical path the practitioner achieves the state of prophecy and eventually merges with the Divine.

  20. Desiring the Hidden God:Knowledge Without Belief

    OpenAIRE

    Perlmutter, Julian Felix

    2016-01-01

    For many people, the phenomenon of divine hiddenness is so total that it is far from clear to them that God (roughly speaking, the God of Jewish and Christian tradition) exists at all. Reasonably enough, they therefore do not believe that God exists. Yet it is possible, whilst lacking belief in God’s reality, nonetheless to see it as a possibility that is both realistic and attractive; and in this situation, one will likely want to be open to the considerable benefits that would be available ...

  1. Is Olodumare, God in Yoruba Belief, God?: A Response to Benson O. Igboin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oladipupo Sunday Layi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : Belief in a Supreme Being is an idea that virtually all cultures of the world subscribe to. However, different interpretation could be deduced from the subscription of each culture. The Yoruba, for example, in Nigeria, is not an exception to this. Olodumare the Yoruba word for Supreme Being has attracted comments, interpretations and misinterpretations from different scholars of both Yoruba and non-Yoruba extractions.  E. Bolaji Idowu, John Ayotunde Bewaji, Kazeem Ademola Fayemi, Kola Abimbola analyses manifest some seemingly contradictions upon which was hinged by Benson O. Igboin, in his paper “Is Olodumare, God in Yoruba Belief, God?” From their explanation, Igboin demand for the true nature of Olodumare having conceded that Olodumare and the Christian God are not and cannot be the same. Specifically, Igboin asked Olodumare, who are you? This paper, therefore, aims at providing an insight to the real nature of Olodumare in Yoruba worldview. It argues that God is nothing other than the English meaning or interpretation of the Supreme Being. The paper posits that Igboin’s pairs of Esu and Olodumare of which one is true and faithful to Yoruba traditional Religion and the other true and faithful to Christianity in Yoruba land does not hold water. Using analytical method of philosophical inquiry, the paper concludes that Olodumare in Yoruba traditional Religion cannot be equated with the concept of God as conceived in Christianity neither could it be bifurcated. He is sufficiently a Supreme Being in Yoruba theology. Key words : Supreme Being, Olodumare, Yoruba, Esu, Benson O. Igboin Abstrak : Keyakinan terhadap Wujud Mutlak merupakan suatu sikap yang sejatinya dianut oleh seluruh budaya di dunia. Namun demikian, tafsiran yang berbeda dapat mengemuka dari keyakinan masing-masing budaya. Tidak terkecuali Yoruba di Nigeria, misalnya. Olodumare, sebuah kata dalam bahasa Yoruba untuk menyebut Wujud Mutlak, telah memancing beragam

  2. Do People Who Believe in God Report More Meaning in Their Lives? The Existential Effects of Belief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cranney, Stephen

    2013-09-01

    I conduct the first large-N study explicitly exploring the association between belief in God and sense of purpose in life. This relationship, while often discussed informally, has received little empirical attention. Here I use the General Social Survey to investigate how form of and confidence in belief in God is related to sense of purpose in life, as measured by a Likert item level of agreement with the statement "In my opinion, life does not serve any purpose." Using logistic regression analysis, I find that those who indicate that they are confident in God's existence report a higher sense of purpose compared to nonbelievers, believers in a higher power, and those who believe but occasionally doubt.

  3. Mõ risujem Novõi god! / Ljubov Semjonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semjonova, Ljubov

    2004-01-01

    Lasteloomingu konkursi "Mõ rissujem Novõi god!" uued võitjad: kümme individuaalvõitjat ja kollektiivid. Kümne eelmise võitja nimed avaldati ajalehe "Molodjozh Estonii" 2004. aasta 20. detsembri numbris

  4. The Role of God in the Eyes of Early Puritans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Ying

    2014-01-01

    In Christianity, God is always a significant role no matter in the physical or mental world. As for early Puritans, who proclaimed to purify God’s doctrine and lead an economical life, had an even stronger belief in God. When they began to set a colony in New England, they faced extremely tough challenges both from the native Indians and natural environment. During such a procedure, their reliance on God was clearly witnessed. Mary Rowlandson is an early colonist of New England, who was captured by native Indians and was finally redeemed. Basing on a close discussion of the narrative of her captivity and restoration, the paper would explore the importance of God in the eyes of early Puritans.

  5. Anger toward God: social-cognitive predictors, prevalence, and links with adjustment to bereavement and cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exline, Julie J; Park, Crystal L; Smyth, Joshua M; Carey, Michael P

    2011-01-01

    Many people see themselves as being in a relationship with God and see this bond as comforting. Yet, perceived relationships with God also carry the potential for experiencing anger toward God, as shown here in studies with the U.S. population (Study 1), undergraduates (Studies 2 and 3), bereaved individuals (Study 4), and cancer survivors (Study 5). These studies addressed 3 fundamental issues regarding anger toward God: perceptions and attributions that predict anger toward God, its prevalence, and its associations with adjustment. Social-cognitive predictors of anger toward God paralleled predictors of interpersonal anger and included holding God responsible for severe harm, attributions of cruelty, difficulty finding meaning, and seeing oneself as a victim. Anger toward God was frequently reported in response to negative events, although positive feelings predominated. Anger and positive feelings toward God showed moderate negative associations. Religiosity and age correlated negatively with anger toward God. Reports of anger toward God were slightly lower among Protestants and African Americans in comparison with other groups (Study 1). Some atheists and agnostics reported anger involving God, particularly on measures emphasizing past experiences (Study 2) and images of a hypothetical God (Study 3). Anger toward God was associated with poorer adjustment to bereavement (Study 4) and cancer (Study 5), particularly when anger remained unresolved over a 1-year period (Study 5). Taken together, these studies suggest that anger toward God is an important dimension of religious and spiritual experience, one that is measurable, widespread, and related to adjustment across various contexts and populations.

  6. Is God Our Benefactor?: An Argument from Suffering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagfinn Sjaastad Karlsen

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Modern theodicies normally involve the premise that God benefited us through creation. The assumptions on which such a premise relies have, however, rarely been discussed in this context. I argue that causing someone to exist cannot benefit the person whose existence is at stake, and hence that God is not our benefactor. If anti-frustrationism is a correct theory of welfare, the concept of a benevolent Creator is incoherent.

  7. Playing God? Synthetic biology as a theological and ethical challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabrock, Peter

    2009-12-01

    In the ethical debate over synthetic biology the formula "playing god" is widely used in order to attack this new branch of biotechnology. The article analyses, contextualizes and criticises this usage with respect to the theological concepts of creation, sin and humans as created in the image of God. Against the background of these theological understandings an ethical corridor of how to responsibly cope with the societal challenges of synthetic biology is presented.

  8. In the name of God: Managing risk in Islamic finance

    OpenAIRE

    Cattelan, Valentino

    2014-01-01

    In Against the gods: the remarkable story of risk (1996), Peter L. Bernstein illustrates how the mastery of risk has driven modern Western society into converting 'the future from an enemy into an opportunity'. Far from being an antagonist, as the unpredictable whim of gods or mysterious fate, this story has transformed the future into a human prospect, where risk is quantified, measured and managed to mitigate the perils of the unexpected, and where risk-taking, -transfer and -pooling have b...

  9. Spiritual Dormancy: The Strategic Effect of the Depravation of God

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    sense of who they are and what they are accomplishing, ignoring the importance of God dehumanizes and demoralizes soldiers and lends itself to...When soldiers and leaders long to have a better sense of who they are and what they are accomplishing, ignoring the importance of God dehumanizes and...deterioration of the mind due to dehumanization and desensitization caused by highly mechanized modern living, thus providing stability…It prevents us

  10. The Kingdom of God in the Gospel of Matthew

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.B. du Toit

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available It would be entirely wrong to regard "kingdom of God" as the central motif of the New Testament. Matthew's kingdom depiction should be read against the backdrop of a (mainly Jewish Christian community in the process of re-defining its own identity over against Jewish opposition, which was consolidating itself under Pharisaic-scribal leadership. The genitive "of God/of heaven" signifies the kingdom as God-determined, but God's transcendence is mitigated by Matthew's portrayal of him as the Father of believers. Kingdom of Godlheaven is a dynamic concept indicating God's active reign. The rule of God and righteousness, as its human correlate, are the key motifs in the Sermon on the Mount. Although the kingdom in Matthew involves a critical decision and the acceptance of strict entry requirements, it is not an entirely ethical concept, as is shown by the first beatitude. A growing correspondence between the kingdom motif and messiah christo logy can be traced. Modern churches in the process of losing their identity can benefit from a responsive reading of Matthew's kingdom message.

  11. Attributes of God: Conceptual Foundations of a Foundational Belief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shtulman, Andrew; Lindeman, Marjaana

    2016-04-01

    Anthropomorphism, or the attribution of human properties to nonhuman entities, is often posited as an explanation for the origin and nature of God concepts, but it remains unclear which human properties we tend to attribute to God and under what conditions. In three studies, participants decided whether two types of human properties-psychological (mind-dependent) properties and physiological (body-dependent) properties-could or could not be attributed to God. In Study 1 (n = 1,525), participants made significantly more psychological attributions than physiological attributions, and the frequency of those attributions was correlated both with participants' religiosity and with their attribution of abstract, theological properties. In Study 2 (n = 99) and Study 3 (n = 138), participants not only showed the same preference for psychological properties but were also significantly faster, more consistent, and more confident when attributing psychological properties to God than when attributing physiological properties. And when denying properties to God, they showed the reverse pattern-that is, they were slower, less consistent, and less confident when denying psychological properties than when denying physiological properties. These patterns were observed both in a predominantly Christian population (Study 2) and a predominantly Hindu population (Study 3). Overall, we argue that God is conceptualized not as a person in general but as an agent in particular, attributed a mind by default but attributed a body only upon further consideration.

  12. Novel glucose fiber sensor combining ThFBG with GOD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mengmeng; Zhou, Ciming; Fan, Dian; Ou, Yiwen

    2016-10-01

    We propose a novel glucose fiber optic sensor combining a thinned cladding fiber Bragg grating (ThFBG) with glucose oxidase (GOD). By immobilizing GOD on the surface of a ThFBG, the fabricated sensor can obtain a high specificity to glucose. Because of the evanescent field, the sensor is very sensitive to the ambient refractive index change arising from the catalytic reaction between glucose and GOD. A four-level fiber model was simulated and verified the precision of the sensing principle. Two methods, glutaraldehyde crosslinking method (GCM) and 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane covalent coupling method (ATCCM), were experimentally utilized to immobilize GOD. And sensor fabricated with the method ATCCM shows a measurement range of 0-0.82 mg/mL which is better than the sensor fabricated with the method GCM with measurement range of 0-0.67 mg/mL under the same condition. By using ATCCM to immobilize GOD with different concentrations, three sensors were fabricated and used for glucose measurement by monitoring the Bragg wavelength (λb) shifts, the results indicate a good linear relationship between wavelength shift and glucose concentration within a specific range, and the measurement range increases as GOD concentration increases. The highest sensitivity of sensor reaches up to 0.0549 nm/(mg.mL-1). The proposed sensor has distinct advantages in sensing structure, cost and specificity.

  13. Tegn på god inklusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næsby, Torben; Engsig, Thomas Thyrring; Qvortrup, Lars

    På baggrund af litteraturreview, observationsstudier og fokusgruppeinterviews i dagtilbud og skole er der blevet opstillet skemaer (inklusionsmatrix) over de tegn på henholdsvis fysisk, social og psykisk inklusion, som lærere, pædagoger og forskere er blevet enige om er relevante for inklusionsar......På baggrund af litteraturreview, observationsstudier og fokusgruppeinterviews i dagtilbud og skole er der blevet opstillet skemaer (inklusionsmatrix) over de tegn på henholdsvis fysisk, social og psykisk inklusion, som lærere, pædagoger og forskere er blevet enige om er relevante....... Det er vigtigt at have fælles mål for indsatserne, og det er vigtigt at vide, om indsatsen er lykkedes, eller om der skal afprøves nye fremgangsmåder. Skemaerne omfatter dels en liste for skolen, dels en liste for dagtilbuddet, og den foreslår en række tegn på vellykket fysisk, social og psykisk...... inklusion. Vi håber og forventer, at listen kan bruges som inspiration for inklusionsarbejdet i mange andre skoler og dagtilbud i Danmark, først og fremmest i arbejdet med at man selv udarbejder tegn på god inklusion som grundlag for det fortsatte arbejde med og samarbejde om vellykkede inklusionsindsatser....

  14. Natuurwetenskaplike kennis en die Woord van God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.H. Stoker

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Natural science knowledge and the Word of God The Greek philosophers denied that true knowledge could be obtained by observing the sensory world. True knowledge rela- ted only to things that were unchanging, immutable. For Pytha- goras and Plato that meant, first of all, mathematics. Following the Pythagorean-Platonian tradition, many early scientists held that mathematical order represented the most real and certain aspect of the world. Galileo moved science away from ordinary observations toward mathematical reasoning. For Galileo the abstract, idealistic world was the real world. However, in the natural world, which is anarchic and far from equilibrium, energy transfer represents a source of order, creativity and growth. Al- so, new assemblages of species appeared after large numbers of species had gone extinct in earth’s history. These surges of energy transfer cannot be described by linear time. Scripture does not reveal to us the workings of nature – we can only learn about it through scientific methods. However, those who do not acknowledge God’s supernatural acts of creation are forced to search for other answers through their own thinking about the origin, purpose, meaning and interrelatedness of everything. It is shown that the successive acts of creation in Genesis 1 are reconcilable with current knowledge of the natural sciences.

  15. The Death of God in Theology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saghaug, Kristin Falck; Rasmussen, Ole Horn; Lindgren, Peter

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper, as a part of a bigger study, is to unfold some perspectives from a theological approach reflecting on the concept of revelation in relation to business model innovation (BMI). Design/methodology/approach – We propose in this theoretical paper firstly the relev......Purpose – The purpose of this paper, as a part of a bigger study, is to unfold some perspectives from a theological approach reflecting on the concept of revelation in relation to business model innovation (BMI). Design/methodology/approach – We propose in this theoretical paper firstly...... the relevance of a theological engagement with economics and organization, explicitly the area of BMI. Secondly the paper unfolds its theological considerations on the meaning of the death of a theistic God and finally it proposes how these considerations may be relevant from a business perspective...... in the new liberal economy as e.g. market laws. A theological focus on innovation and BMI is still nascent and this paper contributes to develop an area we find is of vital importance due to questions on how economics and BMI practices affect the living conditions of all beings at a global scale, where...

  16. Theology links Christian ministry with God's call.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, L J

    1984-03-01

    Catholic health care ministry originates in and is shaped by the theme of call in the Old and New Testaments. To be specifically Catholic, health professionals and facilities must define their ministries according to the values expressed in this theological tradition. Sponsorship. The opportunity to provide health care enables religious communities to contribute to God's ongoing creation process and to reiterate Christ's call to minister to others. Although health care facility sponsorship thrusts religious communities into the arena of big business, the abandonment of the health care mission could be considered a betrayal of evangelical values. Quality of life. The implicit concern for human dignity that distinguishes Catholic health care facilities should be evident in personalized patient care, just working conditions, and a commitment to healing in the civic community. Stewardship in ethics. The development of business policies and procedures and institutional responses to social change should be carefully considered in light of the Catholic understanding of loving covenant and the Christian way of life. Shared ministry. Health care facilities have played a leading role in implementing the Second Vatican Council's vision of ministry. Sponsoring communities' continued willingness to share responsibilities with laity will be imperative in meeting the health care demands of the future.

  17. Dvylikos Olimpo dievų vaizdavimas Enijaus Analuose. Depiction of twelve Olympian gods in Ennius’ Annales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas Veteikis

    2008-01-01

    establish the most characteristical features of each in Ennian depiction and compare with the evidence of his / her contemporary cult and degree of syncretization.In the course of analysis, a somewhat parallel attempt is also made to verify Cicero’s message concerning Ennius’ belief in gods in general (Div. 1, 58. The analysis shows quite divergent result resting upon incomplete status of our sources: some gods are depicted as participants of human actions, some remain mere vague representatives of natural phenomena.The bulk of conclusions deals with national dependance, hierarchy and stylistic variation of Ennius’ dodekatheon. Material of this paper clearly indicates the national priority in Annales: the most honoured both statistically and virtually are the four ancestral Roman gods (di genitales – Juppiter, Juno, Venus and Mars. Each of them also appears in certain non-Roman context (Trojan, Greek, Carthaginian or Sabinian, where their Roman priority is not emphasized, unless their Latin name is taken into account. The latter fact combined with Ennian technics of Homer’s imitation and hellenistic erudition enables him to rewrite ancient history from the Roman point. This actually happens on the theological level when Roman state gods become continuators of variously reinterpreted homeric greco-trojan gods. Annals of Ennius thus attest the absorbtion of Greek Olympic pantheon into Roman state pantheon. Depiction of gods in the poem also has certain “expurgatory” mark, since very few traces of obscenity in gods’ portrayal are present (with exception of Mars, called homo pulcer with possibly euhemeric hint. On the other hand, the sublimity of Ennian gods is moderate: there are several indications of their humanly sensitive and not indifferent stance in their contacts with people (esp. Juno, Juppiter and Venus.A considerable group of Olympian gods in the current fragmentary shape of Annals remains not clearly presented: some produce no material for deeper

  18. On Supreme Sky God from the Aspect of Religious History and in Prehistoric Estonian Material

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarmo Kulmar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available According to basic religious-phenomenological principles a supreme beingresides in heaven or is the heaven, an omnipotent creator, who is often as-signed the function of thunder, is called either Father or Grandfather, is sac-rificed the primal offering, and has turned into deus otiosus.Comparative linguistics has revealed that the earliest conception of a Balto-Finnic and Estonian supreme god dates back to the Finno-Volgaic etymologi-cal stratum, to the Neolithic period (3rd millennium BC, in archaeologicalterms. This is evidenced by the Estonian word juma(l ‘god’, which had for-merly signified heaven, but also the Indo-European loan taevas ‘heaven’ inthe Estonian language. The divergence of the con-ception of thunder god Ukuor Ukko apparently took place in the 1st mil-lennium BC; this is also indi-cated by archaeological data. According to the 13th-century Henrici ChroniconLivoniae and other chronicles the thun-der god of the coastal Estonians hasalso been called Taara or Tooru, which may be a derivation of the OldScandinavian Thor.

  19. A Christian faith-based recovery theory: understanding God as sponsor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmons, Shirley M

    2012-12-01

    This article reports the development of a substantive theory to explain an evangelical Christian-based process of recovery from addiction. Faith-based, 12-step, mutual aid programs can improve drug abstinence by offering: (a) an intervention option alone and/or in conjunction with secular programs and (b) an opportunity for religious involvement. Although literature on religion, spirituality, and addiction is voluminous, traditional 12-step programs fail to explain the mechanism that underpins the process of Christian-based recovery (CR). This pilot study used grounded theory to explore and describe the essence of recovery of 10 former crack cocaine-addicted persons voluntarily enrolled in a CR program. Data were collected from in-depth interviews during 4 months of 2008. Audiotapes were transcribed verbatim, and the constant comparative method was used to analyze data resulting in the basic social process theory, understanding God as sponsor. The theory was determined through writing theoretical memos that generated key elements that allow persons to recover: acknowledging God-centered crises, communicating with God, and planning for the future. Findings from this preliminary study identifies important factors that can help persons in recovery to sustain sobriety and program administrators to benefit from theory that guides the development of evidence-based addiction interventions.

  20. From Anticipatory Corpse to Posthuman God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Jeffrey P

    2016-12-01

    The essays in this issue of JMP are devoted to critical engagement of my book, The Anticipatory Corpse The essays, for the most part, accept the main thrust of my critique of medicine. The main thrust of the criticism is whether the scope of the critique is too totalizing, and whether the proposed remedy is sufficient. I greatly appreciate these interventions because they allow me this occasion to respond and clarify, and to even further extend the argument of my book. In this response essay, I maintain that the regnant social imaginary of medicine is the regnant social imaginary of our time. It is grounded in a specific ontotheology: where ontology is a power ontology; where material is malleable to the open-ended organization of power and dependent only on working out the efficient mechanisms of its enactment; where ethically it is oriented only to the immanent telos of utility maximization in the short run, and ultimately to some posthuman future in the long run. This ontotheology originates in the anticipatory corpse and is ordered toward some god-like posthuman being. The entire ontotheology finds enactment through the political economy of neoliberalism. This social imaginary constantly works to insulate itself from other social imaginaries through the use of its institutional power, through marginalization, circumscription, or absorption. The modern social imaginary of neoliberal societies marginalizes and politically isolates other social imaginaries, or transforms them into something acceptable to the neoliberal imaginary. Yet, these other social imaginaries could influence the larger social imaginary in novel ways, sometimes through withdrawal and sometimes through challenges. These other practices-again, usually practices ordered according to different ontological and teleological purposes-might serve as a source of renewal and transformation, but only if the practitioners of these other social imaginaries understand the ontotheological powers that they

  1. Future of God in recovery from drug addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellman, John D; Baker, Michael P; Adamson, Simon J; Geering, Lloyd G

    2007-10-01

    The purpose of the present paper was to explore the concept and experience of God in relation to recovery from drug addiction from a scientific perspective. Examination of a diverse literature was undertaken, including five key threads: the universality of the experience of God; the induction of spiritual experiences of God through hallucinogenic drugs; the nature of drug addiction from an evolutionary neurobiological perspective; the 12 Step movement as the prototype for the place of God in recovery from drug addiction; and identified ingredients for successful recovery from addiction. The diverse threads of literature examined can be integrated around the concept of higher power as an important factor in recovery from drug addiction. Higher power can be manifested in individuals in diverse ways: religious, ethnic, spiritual including the use of entheogens, as well as cognitive behavioural development, but a common final pathway for all is the strengthening of executive functions (the brain's 'higher power'). Practical implications for assisting people with drug addiction to achieve recovery through their own experience of God/development of higher power are outlined.

  2. Ethics After God's Death and the Time of the Angels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianna Papastephanou

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The philosophical idea of the death of God (God understood in pre-modern terms as living presence has had various semantic operations within dominant (postmodern positions on human empowerment. Beginning with the significance of this, the article aims to discuss the half-life of a God who has become a metaphor. In other words, it explores the reverberation of God and God's death in secularized philosophy as well as the consequences of this for ethics and the conception of the Good. Then, the article illustrates the complex connection of this aim with the Occidental delimitation of human potentialities through gleanings from Murdoch, Arendt and Badiou´s ideas about the constellation ‘worldlessness, rupture, human frailty and everydayness’. It shows that such delimitation, operative in theories that share most of the assumptions surrounding the above constellation, re-sacralizes the justification of ethics as (inhumanist programme. Finally, it indicates how this particular delimitation of human potentialities can be revisited through the revival of the dead metaphor of the angelic and the kind of ethics it can animate.

  3. Die stil van my verlange na God: Oor Johann Wilhelm Herrmann se verstaan van die ervaring van God (Deel II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. P. Veldsman

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available Quenching my thirst for God: On Johann Wilhelm Herrmann�s understanding of the experience of God (Part II This article, which is divided into two parts, focusses on the concept of the �experience of God� as understood by the German systematic theologian Wilhelm Herrmann (1846 - 1922 of Marburg in his �Der Verkehr des Christen mit Gott� (1886. The first part of the article which was published in the previous edition, explained the historical and theological context of Herrmann�s �Der Verkehr...� as well as the theological frontiers over-against which he responded in his understanding of the experience of God, characterized as a �searchfind-experience�. This second part elaborates on this �search-find-experience� by humans of God as understood by Herrmann, and indicates the influence it had on Herrmann�s two greatest pupils, namely Karl Barth and Rudolf Bultmann. It is argued that Herrmann�s understanding of the experience of God makes up the kernel of their theological vantage points, and in this respect, is critically evaluated.

  4. Wat is die Woord van God - Skrif, belydenis, prediking?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. C. Velthuysen

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available What is the Word of God: Holy Scripture? The preaching of the Gospel? The Confession? This article argues that while Holy Scripture and preaching may become the Word of God, although never in an unqualified manner, the same can never apply to the Confession. The Confession is the result of theological reflections on the Word and indicative of the parameters v/ithin which the preaching should remain without, however, curtailing the prophetic freedom of the preacher in proclaiming the Word. Its function is that of rule of speech for the preaching. Preaching, on the other hand, becomes a proclamation of the Word in an unsurpassable and existentially qualifying manner. Holy Scripture, a human book in more senses than one, is at the same time the Word of God, in that it qualifies its reader existentially - confronting him with the most fundamental questions on the human state and providing the final answers to these.

  5. Mentalizing deficits constrain belief in a personal God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norenzayan, Ara; Gervais, Will M; Trzesniewski, Kali H

    2012-01-01

    Religious believers intuitively conceptualize deities as intentional agents with mental states who anticipate and respond to human beliefs, desires and concerns. It follows that mentalizing deficits, associated with the autistic spectrum and also commonly found in men more than in women, may undermine this intuitive support and reduce belief in a personal God. Autistic adolescents expressed less belief in God than did matched neuro-typical controls (Study 1). In a Canadian student sample (Study 2), and two American national samples that controlled for demographic characteristics and other correlates of autism and religiosity (Study 3 and 4), the autism spectrum predicted reduced belief in God, and mentalizing mediated this relationship. Systemizing (Studies 2 and 3) and two personality dimensions related to religious belief, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness (Study 3), failed as mediators. Mentalizing also explained the robust and well-known, but theoretically debated, gender gap in religious belief wherein men show reduced religious belief (Studies 2-4).

  6. God-mother-baby: what children think they know.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiessling, Florian; Perner, Josef

    2014-01-01

    This study tested one hundred and nine 3- to 6-year-old children on a knowledge-ignorance task about knowledge in humans (mother, baby) and God. In their responses, participants not reliably grasping that seeing leads to knowing in humans (pre-representational) were significantly influenced by own knowledge and marginally by question format. Moreover, knowledge was attributed significantly more often to mother than baby and explained by agent-based characteristics. Of participants mastering the task for humans (representational), God was largely conceived as ignorant "man in the sky" by younger and increasingly as "supernatural agent in the sky" by older children. Evidence for egocentrism and for anthropomorphizing God lends support to an anthropomorphism hypothesis. First-time evidence for an agent-based conception of others' knowledge in pre-representational children is presented.

  7. Unanswered prayers: religiosity and the god-serving bias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggio, Heidi R; Uhalt, Joshua; Matthies, Brigitte K

    2014-01-01

    Two self-report experiments examined how religiosity affects attributions made for a target person's death. Online adults (Study 1, N = 427) and undergraduate students (Study 2, N = 326) read about Chris who had a heart attack, used religious or health behaviors, and lived or died. Participants made attributions to Chris and God (both studies), and reported their emotions (Study 2). Participants made more attributions to Chris when he lived than when he died, but only when he used health behaviors. The highly religious made more attributions to God, but not when Chris used religious behaviors and died (the God-serving bias); they reported the most positive emotions when Chris lived after using religious behaviors (the Hallelujah effect). Directions for future research in terms of implicit religious beliefs and normative evaluations of religion are discussed.

  8. Making God real and making God good: some mechanisms through which prayer may contribute to healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luhrmann, Tanya Marie

    2013-10-01

    Many social scientists attribute the health-giving properties of religious practice to social support. This paper argues that another mechanism may be a positive relationship with the supernatural, a proposal that builds upon anthropological accounts of symbolic healing. Such a mechanism depends upon the learned cultivation of the imagination and the capacity to make what is imagined more real and more good. This paper offers a theory of the way that prayer enables this process and provides some evidence, drawn from experimental and ethnographic work, for the claim that a relationship with a loving God, cultivated through the imagination in prayer, may contribute to good health and may contribute to healing in trauma and psychosis.

  9. 75 FR 51518 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ballplayers, Gods, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ballplayers, Gods, and Rainmaker... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ballplayers, Gods, and Rainmaker Kings: Masterpieces...

  10. The Changing Image of God in Process Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salavador P. Barcelona

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Seeing is a matter of perspective. A perspective is the vantage point by which we view the reality or the world around us. That is why it is called a worldview or paradigm. In other words, what we see is a by product of how we look at the reality around us based on our idea and image of ourselves. Thus, a philosopher once said that if a bird is given the necessary intelligence and the faculty to express its idea of God it will speak of a God that majestically sings and flies with His mighty wings.

  11. Practicing the Code of Ethics, finding the image of God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoglund, Barbara A

    2013-01-01

    The Code of Ethics for Nurses gives a professional obligation to practice in a compassionate and respectful way that is unaffected by the attributes of the patient. This article explores the concept "made in the image of God" and the complexities inherent in caring for those perceived as exhibiting distorted images of God. While the Code provides a professional standard consistent with a biblical worldview, human nature impacts the ability to consistently act congruently with the Code. Strategies and nursing interventions that support development of practice from a biblical worldview and the Code of Ethics for Nurses are presented.

  12. Review of Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Joseph Coleman III

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available 'Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict', presents an empirically grounded rational reconstruction detailing the role that belief in “big gods” (i.e., omniscient, omnipresent, and omnipotent gods has played in the formation of society from a cultural-evolutionary perspective. Ara Norenzayan’s primary thesis is neatly summed up in the title of the book: religion has historically served—and perhaps still serves—as a building block and maintenance system in societies around the world.

  13. Authoritarian and benevolent god representations and the two sides of prosociality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kathryn A; Cohen, Adam B

    2016-01-01

    The Big Gods model focuses on belief in an authoritarian God as a psychological mechanism that inhibits antisocial behavior and facilitates the formation of tight, cohesive groups. Recent empirical evidence suggests, however, that belief in a benevolent God is more likely to inspire helping and inclusivity. Both kinds of beliefs are necessary to explain the development of large-scale societies.

  14. The dynamics of God's reign as a hermeneutic key to Jesus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-08-05

    Aug 5, 2016 ... Secondly, it better reflects the dynamic nature of God's rule ('kingdom' may connote both God's rule .... the reign of God as an event that is happening now, in the ..... Son of Man is the parable of the fig tree (Mt 24:32–35; Mk.

  15. Improvement Strategies, Cost Effective Production, and Potential Applications of Fungal Glucose Oxidase (GOD): Current Updates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubey, Manish K; Zehra, Andleeb; Aamir, Mohd; Meena, Mukesh; Ahirwal, Laxmi; Singh, Siddhartha; Shukla, Shruti; Upadhyay, Ram S; Bueno-Mari, Ruben; Bajpai, Vivek K

    2017-01-01

    Fungal glucose oxidase (GOD) is widely employed in the different sectors of food industries for use in baking products, dry egg powder, beverages, and gluconic acid production. GOD also has several other novel applications in chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, and other biotechnological industries. The electrochemical suitability of GOD catalyzed reactions has enabled its successful use in bioelectronic devices, particularly biofuel cells, and biosensors. Other crucial aspects of GOD such as improved feeding efficiency in response to GOD supplemental diet, roles in antimicrobial activities, and enhancing pathogen defense response, thereby providing induced resistance in plants have also been reported. Moreover, the medical science, another emerging branch where GOD was recently reported to induce several apoptosis characteristics as well as cellular senescence by downregulating Klotho gene expression. These widespread applications of GOD have led to increased demand for more extensive research to improve its production, characterization, and enhanced stability to enable long term usages. Currently, GOD is mainly produced and purified from Aspergillus niger and Penicillium species, but the yield is relatively low and the purification process is troublesome. It is practical to build an excellent GOD-producing strain. Therefore, the present review describes innovative methods of enhancing fungal GOD production by using genetic and non-genetic approaches in-depth along with purification techniques. The review also highlights current research progress in the cost effective production of GOD, including key advances, potential applications and limitations. Therefore, there is an extensive need to commercialize these processes by developing and optimizing novel strategies for cost effective GOD production.

  16. Interpreting the theology of Barth in light of Nietzsche’s dictum “God is dead”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André J. Groenewald

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Karl Barth responded with his theology to Nietzsche’s dictum “God is dead” by stating that God is the living God. God does not need the human race to exist. God reveals God self to humankind whenever God wills. Barth agreed with Nietzsche that the god of the nineteenth century was a “Nicht-Gott”. The article aims to discus Karl Barth’s respons to Nietzsche’s impulse towards the development of a concept of God that would lead to neither atheism nor theism. The article argues that Barth paved the way for talking about God by defining God as the “communicative God”.

  17. Perpetual creativity in the perfection of God: Ibn Taymiyya's Hadith commentary on God's creation of this world

    OpenAIRE

    Hoover, Jon

    2004-01-01

    The course of the Islamic debate over the origin of the world through Ibn Rushd (d. 595/1198) is well known. Kalam theologians and al-Ghazali seek to prove the temporal origination of the world, while philosophers such as Ibn Sina argue for the world's eternal emanation from God. Ibn Rushd reasserts the world's eternity against al-Ghazali, portraying creation, however, not as emanation but as a perpetual process rooted in God's perfection. Almost completely unknown to Western-language scholar...

  18. Kierkegaard and Sartre on God and Authenticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amirabbas Alizamani

    2014-09-01

    sense of having a sound understanding of our own human status and living in a way that deserves this sense of humanity. Considering the fundamental principles of humanity which have their origin in morality, our notion of authenticity in this essay is what the third definition suggests. On the other hand, due to the unmanageable scope of history of ideas we have chosen two thinkers from one philosophical tradition who despite their shared intellectual affiliation behold the world from different horizons. Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1846 the Danish existentialist thinker stands on the one hand, who gives the central position to human subjectivity and believes that the key to salvation is the honest encounter with God and always sees himself exposed to hard examinations and regards authenticity the result of individuation, on the other hand stands Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980, the French existentialist thinker and literary figure, who believes human truth reveals itself in the escape from bad faith (self-deception and the cure to this bad faith is being an individual in society.

  19. Kierkegaard and Sartre on God and Authenticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Faraji

    2014-08-01

    sense of having a sound understanding of our own human status and living in a way that deserves this sense of humanity. Considering the fundamental principles of humanity which have their origin in morality, our notion of authenticity in this essay is what the third definition suggests. On the other hand, due to the unmanageable scope of history of ideas we have chosen two thinkers from one philosophical tradition who despite their shared intellectual affiliation behold the world from different horizons. Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1846 the Danish existentialist thinker stands on the one hand, who gives the central position to human subjectivity and believes that the key to salvation is the honest encounter with God and always sees himself exposed to hard examinations and regards authenticity the result of individuation, on the other hand stands Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980, the French existentialist thinker and literary figure, who believes human truth reveals itself in the escape from bad faith (self-deception and the cure to this bad faith is being an individual in society.

  20. A clash of gods – Conceptualising space in Daniel 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-02-25

    Feb 25, 2014 ... spatial-hermeneutical frameset can better our understanding of biblical texts. Since the ... relationship between language and the mind (Evans, Bergen & Zinken 2007:3). Cognitive .... why they had lost in a previous battle against Israel. .... equips Daniel and his friends with Godly wisdom and insight. (v. 17).

  1. Prosthesis, Surrogation, and Relation in Arturo Islas's "The Rain God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutler, John Alba

    2008-01-01

    This essay seeks to intervene in critical discussions about Arturo Islas's 1984 novel "The Rain God", as well as to suggest the potential for synthesizing discourses heretofore deployed in disparate conversations about disability, sexuality, and ethnicity. I first demonstrate how the novel's queer characters, Miguel Chico and Felix, pose critical…

  2. Using "Children of a Lesser God" To Teach Intercultural Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proctor, Russell F., II; Rock, Roseanna

    One film widely recommended as an instructional resource for communication courses is "Children of a Lesser God," the 1986 movie starring Marlee Matlin and William Hurt. In this film, which can serve as a case study, James Leeds, a talented young teacher in a school for the deaf, falls in love with Sarah Norman, a graduate of the school…

  3. God, Sport Philosophy, Kinesiology: A MacIntyrean Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twietmeyer, Gregg

    2015-01-01

    Sport philosophy is in crisis. This subdiscipline of kinesiology garners little to no respect and few tenure track lines in kinesiology departments. Why is this the case? Why isn't philosophy held in greater esteem? Is it possible that philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre's (2009) diagnosis found in "God, Philosophy, Universities" could…

  4. Scriptural Engagement, Communication with God, and Moral Behavior among Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovwigho, Pamela Caudill; Cole, Arnold

    2010-01-01

    How often an individual reads or listens to scripture is one dimension of private spirituality rarely discussed in the literature. In this study, we use data from a random sample survey of 1009 American children (ages eight to 12) to explore children's engagement with the Christian Bible, their views of communicating with God, and their moral…

  5. What If I Don't Want to Play God?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrin, Kelly Hykes; Yarnall, Gary Dean

    The authors review technological advances in medicine, such as gene manipulation, amniocentesis, ultra sound, organ transplants, and cloning, and point out ethical and moral dilemmas resulting from such capabilities. Implications of overpopulation are briefly considered. The authors contend that the decision "to play God" has already been made,…

  6. What If I Don't Want to Play God?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrin, Kelly Hykes; Yarnall, Gary Dean

    The authors review technological advances in medicine, such as gene manipulation, amniocentesis, ultra sound, organ transplants, and cloning, and point out ethical and moral dilemmas resulting from such capabilities. Implications of overpopulation are briefly considered. The authors contend that the decision "to play God" has already been made,…

  7. A clash of gods – Conceptualising space in Daniel 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-02-25

    Feb 25, 2014 ... phenomenon and the way in which humans communicate. This new approach is ... If we climb a mountain it becomes possible to experience the ..... centre of the Israelite (Jewish) collective identity (Hossfeld. 3.See textual criticism on ... but also as an environment for humans to live in or to interact with God.

  8. Divine Communication: Mechtild of Hackeborn's Imagery of the Trinitarian God

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg

    2008-01-01

    humanely. Thus, Mechtild's theology is a "discours" tabled in a rich imagery taken from everyday life, so much so that the trinitarian God for example is depicted as a cook working in a public kitchen, generously pouring his gracious food from an abundantly replenished pot to all, slaves and free (Gal 3:28)....

  9. Comment on God and Oedipus in Oedipus the King

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚航

    2009-01-01

    By analyzing the two popular sayings about Oedipus the King on the internet, this paper aims to explore the relationship between God and human being, combined with the artistic theory of Aristotle about the power of a successful drama, and the theme of prophecy, oracles, and predestination.

  10. What does God have to do with my health?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peet J. van Dyk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Perceptions about God�s involvement in the health of people have always been an issue in Christianity. Conflicting views regarding the transcendent versus immanent nature of Godhave therefore played a prominent part within theological discussions. The purpose of this empirical survey was to explore the extent to which South African Christians directly attribute their health and/or diseases to the hand of God. A total of 3000 structured questionnaires were distributed of which 575 were received back. The IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 21 statistical program was used to analyse the data. Most participants disagreed with the view that God largely determined their health, although the majority did think that diseases (including AIDS were sent by God, whilst playing down the role of natural causes.In conclusion, one could say that health beliefs amongst South Africans are closely linked to supernatural agents, although the direct role of God is seen mostly in terms of the sending of occasional diseases rather than constant involvement in general health.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: The study challenges the applicability of a secularised medical model within the South African context and its relevance for prevention programmes.

  11. An Interpretation of Style in Their Eyes Were Watching God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯彦

    2016-01-01

    Zora Neale Hurston is an important writers in Harlem Renaissance. Meanwhile, her unique writing styles influence African American literature. Especially, after Their Eyes Were Watching God (1934) were published, Hurston aroused various reflections. This paper analyzes the writing features in this work which differ from others.

  12. God, Sport Philosophy, Kinesiology: A MacIntyrean Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twietmeyer, Gregg

    2015-01-01

    Sport philosophy is in crisis. This subdiscipline of kinesiology garners little to no respect and few tenure track lines in kinesiology departments. Why is this the case? Why isn't philosophy held in greater esteem? Is it possible that philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre's (2009) diagnosis found in "God, Philosophy, Universities" could…

  13. Dewey's Democracy as the Kingdom of God on Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, R. Scott

    2009-01-01

    John Dewey has been portrayed as a sort of villain in Rosenow's (1997) article which appeared in this journal, apparently because he was unfairly opposed to God and to religion, and also because he deliberately usurped religious language to "camouflage" his secular ideas. By drawing mainly upon similar sources but with some important additions, I…

  14. The encounter with God in myth and madness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doerr, Otto; Velásquez, Óscar

    2007-01-01

    Background It is well known how often psychiatric patients report religious experiences. These are especially frequent in schizophrenic and epileptic patients as the subject of their delusions. The question we pose is: are there differences between this kind of religious experiences and those we find in religious texts or in the mythological tradition? Results An overview on famous mythological narratives, such as The Aeneid, allows us to establish that the divinities become recognizable to the human being at the moment of their departure. Thus, Aeneas does not recognise his mother, Venus, when she appears to him in the middle of the forest at the coast of Africa. A dialogue between the two takes place, and only at the end of the encounter, when she is going away and already with her back to Aeneas, she shows her son the signs of her divinity: the rose-flush emanating from her neck, her hair perfume and the majesty of her gait. Something analogous can be observed in the encounter of Moses with Yahweh on Mount Sinai. Moses asks God: "Show me your glory, I beg you". And God replies, among other things: "you shall see the back of me, but my face is not to be seen". In the same sense, the Emmaus disciples do not recognise Jesus till the moment of his disappearance ("but he had vanished from their sight"), and Saul of Tars falls off his horse just in the moment when he feels the divine presence. In short, the direct encounter with the divinity seems not to occur in the realm of myth or in religious tradition. The realm of madness is exactly the opposite. Our research on religious experiences in schizophrenic and epileptic patients leads us to conclude that God appears to them face to face, and the patient describes God the father, Jesus or the Virgin Mary in intimate detail, always in an everyday setting. So, the divinity is seen in the garden, or in the bedroom, or maybe above the wardrobe, without any of its majesty. The nearness to God also tends to be so extreme

  15. The encounter with God in myth and madness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doerr Otto

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is well known how often psychiatric patients report religious experiences. These are especially frequent in schizophrenic and epileptic patients as the subject of their delusions. The question we pose is: are there differences between this kind of religious experiences and those we find in religious texts or in the mythological tradition? Results An overview on famous mythological narratives, such as The Aeneid, allows us to establish that the divinities become recognizable to the human being at the moment of their departure. Thus, Aeneas does not recognise his mother, Venus, when she appears to him in the middle of the forest at the coast of Africa. A dialogue between the two takes place, and only at the end of the encounter, when she is going away and already with her back to Aeneas, she shows her son the signs of her divinity: the rose-flush emanating from her neck, her hair perfume and the majesty of her gait. Something analogous can be observed in the encounter of Moses with Yahweh on Mount Sinai. Moses asks God: "Show me your glory, I beg you". And God replies, among other things: "you shall see the back of me, but my face is not to be seen". In the same sense, the Emmaus disciples do not recognise Jesus till the moment of his disappearance ("but he had vanished from their sight", and Saul of Tars falls off his horse just in the moment when he feels the divine presence. In short, the direct encounter with the divinity seems not to occur in the realm of myth or in religious tradition. The realm of madness is exactly the opposite. Our research on religious experiences in schizophrenic and epileptic patients leads us to conclude that God appears to them face to face, and the patient describes God the father, Jesus or the Virgin Mary in intimate detail, always in an everyday setting. So, the divinity is seen in the garden, or in the bedroom, or maybe above the wardrobe, without any of its majesty. The nearness to God

  16. Regarding how Tycho Brahe noted the absurdity of the Copernican Theory regarding the Bigness of Stars, while the Copernicans appealed to God to answer that absurdity

    CERN Document Server

    Graney, Christopher M

    2011-01-01

    Tycho Brahe, the most prominent and accomplished astronomer of his era, made measurements of the apparent sizes of the Sun, Moon, stars, and planets. From these he showed that within a geocentric cosmos these bodies were of comparable sizes, with the Sun being the largest body and the Moon the smallest. He further showed that within a heliocentric cosmos, the stars had to be absurdly large - with the smallest star dwarfing even the Sun. (The results of Tycho's calculations are illustrated in this paper.) Various Copernicans responded to this issue of observation and geometry by appealing to the power of God: They argued that giant stars were not absurd because even such giant objects were nothing compared to an infinite God, and that in fact the Copernican stars pointed out the power of God to humankind. Tycho rejected this argument.

  17. Christopher R. Fee & David A. Leeming. Gods, Heroes, and Kings. The Battle for Mythic Britain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie ALATORRE

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A reassessment of British mythology has long been overdue, and Gods, Heroes and Kings is to be regarded as a stimulating contribution which helps to situate Anglo-Saxon tales in the mainstream of Medieval literature. Myths, pagan and Judeo-Christian beliefs, classical narratives: such vast material forms the backcloth Christopher F. Fee and David A. Leeming have undertaken to explore, thanks to an erudite comparative approach. Obviously, their book first aims at giving readers a new image of ...

  18. “Only the Gods are Real”: The Mythopoeic Dimension of Neil Gaiman’s American Gods

    OpenAIRE

    Rață Irina

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to address the mythopoeic aspect of Neil Gaiman’s American Gods, so as to disclose the elements of American cultural identity embedded in the novel. It is an attempt to analyse its legends, myths, folklore, popular culture figures, intertwined with Old World mythology, assessing their viability as modern myths, through the lens of formalist and structuralist reading.

  19. God and the Welfare State - Substitutes or Complements? An Experimental Test of the Effect of Belief in God's Control.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilad Be'ery

    Full Text Available Belief in God's control of the world is common to many of the world's religions, but there are conflicting predictions regarding its role in shaping attitudes toward the welfare state. While the devout are expected to support pro-social values like helping others, and thus might be supportive of the welfare state, the possibility of taking action is undermined by the belief in God's absolute control over world affairs and in a morally perfect providence, who is responsible for the fates of individuals. As the literature provides mixed results on this question, this study examines the role of belief in God's control on welfare attitudes using three priming experiments and two priming tasks, carried out with a design that is both cross-cultural (US vs. Israel and cross-religious tradition (Judaism vs. Catholicism. We find evidence that, largely, belief in God's control increases support for income redistribution among Israeli Jews (study 1, American Jews (study 2, and American Catholics (study 3. The findings suggest that the traditional and common political gap between the economic left and the religious, based on the evaluation that religious beliefs lead to conservative economic preferences, may be overstated.

  20. The role of religious context in children's differentiation between God's mind and human minds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richert, Rebekah A; Saide, Anondah R; Lesage, Kirsten A; Shaman, Nicholas J

    2017-03-01

    The current study examined the cultural factors (i.e., religious background, religious participation, parents' views of prayer, and parents' concepts of God) that contribute to children's differentiation between the capabilities of human minds and God's mind. Protestant Christian, Roman Catholic, Muslim, and Religiously Non-Affiliated parents and their preschool-aged children were interviewed (N = 272). Children of Muslim parents differentiated the most between God's mind and human minds (i.e., human minds are fallible but God's is not), and children who had greater differentiation between God's and humans' minds had parents who had the least anthropomorphic conceptions of God. Additionally, there was a unique effect of being raised in a Religiously Non-Affiliated home on the degree of children's differentiation between God's and human minds after religious context factors had been accounted for; in other words, children of Religious Non-Affiliates differentiated between humans and God the least and their differentiation was unrelated to religious context factors. These findings delineate the ways in which religious context differences influence concepts of God from the earliest formation. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Children's concept of God develops during the preschool years. The degree of anthropomorphism in children's concept of God varies. What does this study add? Muslim children have a strong differentiation between what God's mind and human minds can do. Religiously Non-Affiliated children have almost no differentiation between God's and human minds. Parent anthropomorphism explains variance in children's God concepts, both within and across religious groups.

  1. Kultuurimperialisme as ’n hermeneutiese dilemma: Eerste-wêreldse en Derde-wêreldse perspektiewe op Jesus as die Seun van God

    OpenAIRE

    Andries van Aarde

    1994-01-01

    The hermeneutical dilemma of cultural imperialism: First-World and the Third-World perspectives on Jesus as the Son of God In this essay the hermeneutical dilemma of cultural imperialism in the engagement of First-World theology with Third-World theology is addressed by means of a hermeneutics of conversation. The Christological title ‘Son of God’ serves as a case study. Western ontological Christology is compared with the christological perspective in African theology of the Son of God as el...

  2. Union with the transcendent God in Philo and John’s Gospel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter G.R. de Villiers

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the experience of divine presence within an intimate divine-human relationship, as conceptualised in Philo’s writings, and compares this experience with mystical passages in John’s Gospel. The article explains their understanding of God and how the union with a transcendent God is mediated. The article investigates this union in terms of an underlying mystical pattern that existed in the 1st century CE. The pattern explains similarities of Philo’s works with John’s Gospel that indicates the former’s mystical nature. Special attention is given to Philo’s accounts because his own mystical experiences and views are relatively unknown in New Testament scholarship, whilst John’s Gospel is compared to show how this pattern existed within a Jewish-Christian setting. After an introduction to the relevance of mysticism in contemporary research on Philo and John, the article, without trying to establish any genetic link between Philo and John, evaluates the understanding of mystical union in the light of Philo’s own mystical experience and pronouncements. Then follows a discussion of Philo’s understanding of the divine longing for union with humanity despite the divine transcendence, with attention to the direct and indirect manner in which this union is mediated. Finally, similar motifs in John’s Gospel are investigated.

  3. Some Aspects of the Veneration of the Mother of God in Orthodoxy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarosław Charkiewicz

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Mother of God is the best example of human holiness. She stands at the head of all the saints venerated by the Orthodox Church. This article discusses several aspects of the cult of the Mother of God: the birth of her cult, titles of the Mother of God used in the Orthodox Church, her nature and the various ways of veneration. The cult of the Mother of God, which has existed since the beginning of the Church, is rooted in Scripture and Tradition. It is based on her relationship with her Son, the God-Man Jesus Christ. Although the Mother of God is the most perfect human and her holiness exceeds the angelic world, this cult is very different from the glory that is given exclusively to the Triune God. The cult of the Mother of God is not isolated from the glory given to Jesus Christ. It is based not only from her personal virtues, but above all on her unique role in the economy of salvation. The cult of the Mother of God does not decrease the glory given to Christ, Who is the source of all holiness, including His Mother, but increases that glory. Therefore, in the Orthodox Church, the Theotokos is always praised and represented with Jesus Christ and among other saints, as an expression of the community of celebration and prayer. The veneration of the Mother of God is also closely associated with presenting her as the highest possible model of life for all believers.

  4. Dynamic and institution in the Children of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Kvideland

    1976-01-01

    Full Text Available Dynamic is used here as an equivalent to charisma, but not however in the New Testament sense of a gift, but rather as suprahuman source of authority. A charismatic person then is someone who claims that the authority he claims is neither inherited nor given him by a group of people, but has been directly bestowed upon him by God. In other words, a charismatic person is a prophet. Institution is an organisation broadly defined, containing both a social entity as the "religious system" and in the more practical aspect as the organisation of a particular movement. The purpose here is to indicate the relations between dynamic and institution, between prophet and organisation within and out-side the religious group "The Children of God".

  5. God give me strength: exploring prayer as self-disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Patrick R; Elliott, Marta

    2013-03-01

    The current project was designed to examine the contention that written prayers about difficult life events function as self-disclosure to God and are structurally and effectively the same as other forms of written self-disclosure, at least in the short term. Over four writing sessions, 155 participants either wrote about mundane experiences (the control group) or wrote narratives about traumatic or stressful life events that were targeted at no one, targeted at a person of their choice, or construed as prayers to God. The results indicate that written prayers are lexically similar to the other two types of written narratives and distinct from the control group. Furthermore, the immediate effects of trauma writing on mood and physical well-being were similar as well. These findings have potentially important implications for understanding the relationship between personal prayer and a variety of health outcomes.

  6. Playing God? Synthetic biology as a theological and ethical challenge

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In the ethical debate over synthetic biology the formula “playing god” is widely used in order to attack this new branch of biotechnology. The article analyses, contextualizes and criticises this usage with respect to the theological concepts of creation, sin and humans as created in the image of God. Against the background of these theological understandings an ethical corridor of how to responsibly cope with the societal challenges of synthetic biology is presented.

  7. Spinoza’s God : Metaphysical Conception of The Divine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donny Gahral Adian

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : The discourse on conception of God has occupied fundamental position either in theology or philosophy. In philosophical one, this conception could be traced since very ancient time of Greek until modern era of philosophy with various metaphysical view points. Spinoza was one of the philosophers whose famous metaphysical conception of God is basically a critique toward transcendental paradigm that detaches God from His creation entirely. In this case, he develops his own metaphysical system that rests upon “substance” as focal category. This paper seeks to discuss Spinoza’s metaphysical conception of God which represents his theological monism through his wide range elaboration on “substance”.Keywords : Substance, independence conceptual, self-caused, thought and extension, modes of substance, monism Abstrak : Wacana tentang konsepsi Tuhan telah menduduki posisi penting dalam teologi maupun filsafat. Dalam sisi filosofisnya, konsep ini bisa dilacak sejak zaman kuno dari Yunani sampai era modern filsafat dengan berbagai pandangan metafisik. Spinoza adalah salah satu filsuf yang konsepsi metafisikanya yang terkenal, pada dasarnya adalah kritik terhadap paradigma transendental yang melepaskan Tuhan dari ciptaan-Nya sepenuhnya. Dalam hal ini, ia mengembangkan sistem metafisik sendiri yang bersandar pada “substansi” sebagai kategori fokus. Makalah ini berusaha membahas konsep metafisika Spinoza tentang Tuhan yang mewakili monisme teologisnya melalui berbagai macam elaborasi pada “substansi”.Kata kunci : Substansi, konseptual independen, sebab diri, pikiran dan ekstensi, mode-mode substansi, monisme

  8. Newton's Metaphysics of Space as God's Emanative Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacquette, Dale

    2014-09-01

    In several of his writings, Isaac Newton proposed that physical space is God's "emanative effect" or "sensorium," revealing something interesting about the metaphysics underlying his mathematical physics. Newton's conjectures depart from Plato and Aristotle's metaphysics of space and from classical and Cambridge Neoplatonism. Present-day philosophical concepts of supervenience clarify Newton's ideas about space and offer a portrait of Newton not only as a mathematical physicist but an independent-minded rationalist philosopher.

  9. Thinking from God's perspective decreases biased valuation of the life of a nonbeliever.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginges, Jeremy; Sheikh, Hammad; Atran, Scott; Argo, Nichole

    2016-01-12

    Religious belief is often thought to motivate violence because it is said to promote norms that encourage tribalism and the devaluing of the lives of nonbelievers. If true, this should be visible in the multigenerational violent conflict between Palestinians and Israelis which is marked by a religious divide. We conducted experiments with a representative sample of Muslim Palestinian youth (n = 555), examining whether thinking from the perspective of Allah (God), who is the ultimate arbitrator of religious belief, changes the relative value of Jewish Israelis' lives (compared with Palestinian lives). Participants were presented with variants of the classic "trolley dilemma," in the form of stories where a man can be killed to save the lives of five children who were either Jewish Israeli or Palestinian. They responded from their own perspective and from the perspective of Allah. We find that whereas a large proportion of participants were more likely to endorse saving Palestinian children than saving Jewish Israeli children, this proportion decreased when thinking from the perspective of Allah. This finding raises the possibility that beliefs about God can mitigate bias against other groups and reduce barriers to peace.

  10. Anticipating divine protection? Reminders of god can increase nonmoral risk taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupor, Daniella M; Laurin, Kristin; Levav, Jonathan

    2015-04-01

    Religiosity and participation in religious activities have been linked with decreased risky behavior. In the current research, we hypothesized that exposure to the concept of God can actually increase people's willingness to engage in certain types of risks. Across seven studies, reminders of God increased risk taking in nonmoral domains. This effect was mediated by the perceived danger of a risky option and emerged more strongly among individuals who perceive God as a reliable source of safety and protection than among those who do not. Moreover, in an eighth study, when participants were first reminded of God and then took a risk that produced negative consequences (i.e., when divine protection failed to materialize), participants reported feeling more negatively toward God than did participants in the same situation who were not first reminded of God. This research contributes to an understanding of the divergent effects that distinct components of religion can exert on behavior.

  11. Examining attachment to God and health risk-taking behaviors in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Karissa D; Ellison, Christopher G; Loukas, Alexandra; Downey, Darcy L; Barrett, Jennifer B

    2012-06-01

    Drawing on insights from attachment theory, this study examined whether three types of attachment to God--secure, avoidant, and anxious--were associated with health-risk behaviors, over and above the effects of religious attendance, peer support, and demographic covariates, in a sample of 328 undergraduate college students. Contrary to prior theory, secure attachment to God is not inversely associated with recent alcohol or marijuana use, or substance use prior to last sexual intercourse. Instead, avoidant and anxious attachment to God are associated with higher levels of drinking; anxious attachment to God is associated with marijuana use; and avoidant attachment to God is associated with substance use prior to last sexual intercourse. These patterns are gender-specific; problematic attachment to God is linked with negative outcomes solely among men.

  12. Improvement Strategies, Cost Effective Production, and Potential Applications of Fungal Glucose Oxidase (GOD): Current Updates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubey, Manish K.; Zehra, Andleeb; Aamir, Mohd; Meena, Mukesh; Ahirwal, Laxmi; Singh, Siddhartha; Shukla, Shruti; Upadhyay, Ram S.; Bueno-Mari, Ruben; Bajpai, Vivek K.

    2017-01-01

    Fungal glucose oxidase (GOD) is widely employed in the different sectors of food industries for use in baking products, dry egg powder, beverages, and gluconic acid production. GOD also has several other novel applications in chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, and other biotechnological industries. The electrochemical suitability of GOD catalyzed reactions has enabled its successful use in bioelectronic devices, particularly biofuel cells, and biosensors. Other crucial aspects of GOD such as improved feeding efficiency in response to GOD supplemental diet, roles in antimicrobial activities, and enhancing pathogen defense response, thereby providing induced resistance in plants have also been reported. Moreover, the medical science, another emerging branch where GOD was recently reported to induce several apoptosis characteristics as well as cellular senescence by downregulating Klotho gene expression. These widespread applications of GOD have led to increased demand for more extensive research to improve its production, characterization, and enhanced stability to enable long term usages. Currently, GOD is mainly produced and purified from Aspergillus niger and Penicillium species, but the yield is relatively low and the purification process is troublesome. It is practical to build an excellent GOD-producing strain. Therefore, the present review describes innovative methods of enhancing fungal GOD production by using genetic and non-genetic approaches in-depth along with purification techniques. The review also highlights current research progress in the cost effective production of GOD, including key advances, potential applications and limitations. Therefore, there is an extensive need to commercialize these processes by developing and optimizing novel strategies for cost effective GOD production. PMID:28659876

  13. ‘Een filosofisch geschriftje’: Christiaan Huygens’ gedachten over God in zijn Cosmotheoros en andere geschriften

    OpenAIRE

    Nienke Smit

    2014-01-01

    Although much has been written about Christiaan Huygens (1629–1695), his religious views are almost neglected in historical research. Some scholars have come to the conclusion that God played no part at all in the worldview of this great mathematician. Although Huygens has never written a book exclu- sively devoted to the subject of God, he did leave us some notes in which he explicitly expresses his views about God and the divine. This article focuses on Huygens’ philosophical writings and e...

  14. The Theological expression in Aelia Prado´s poetic language: Lyrical subject relations with God

    OpenAIRE

    Moretto, Marco Antonio Palermo

    2015-01-01

    Research about the questions about the human experience and its relation with the sacred expressed in 13 poemas of Adélia Prado a brazilian writer. After the reading of the poems were created 5 categories to analizes: the love for God, the distance of the God, the question of the sin and the forgiving; the desolation, the consolation and the conflict of the erotism of the body. Keywords: God, love, distance, prayer, sin, forgiving, desolation, consolation, erotism. Pesquisa realizada sobre...

  15. The likelihood of GODs' existence Improving the SN1987a constraint on the size of large compact dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Hanhart, C; Phillips, D R; Reddy, S; Hanhart, Christoph; Pons, Jose A.; Phillips, Daniel R.; Reddy, Sanjay

    2001-01-01

    The existence of compact dimensions which are accessible only to gravity represents an intriguing possible solution to the hierarchy problem. At present the strongest constraint on the existence of such compact Gravity-Only Dimensions (GODs) comes from SN1987a. Here we report on the first self-consistent simulations of the early, neutrino-emitting phase of a proto-neutron star which include energy losses due to the coupling of the Kaluza-Klein modes of the graviton which arise in a world with GODs. We compare the neutrino signals from these simulations to that from SN1987a and use a rigorous probabilistic analysis to derive improved bounds for the radii of such GODs. We find that the possibility that there are two compact extra dimensions with radii larger than 0.66 $\\mu$m is excluded at the 95% confidence level---as is the possibility that there are three compact extra dimensions larger than 0.8 nm.

  16. Die rol van Godskennis in die ontmoetingsgebeure met God in die prediking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. J.C. (Hennie Pieterse

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The role of knowledge of God in the encounter with God in preaching In an era of modernism and postmodernism homiletics is confronted with the problem of reference to God in preaching. According to current epistemologies we cannot have any knowledge of God that can be defended as true knowledge in the forum of academic discourse. In reformed theological theory, according to Calvin, knowledge of God, knowledge of ourselves in the eyes of God, as well as of salvation in Christ is a sine qua non for an encounter with God in preaching in the context of the worship service. This article proceeds from the theological stance that we can find this knowledge only in Scripture through the work of the Spirit. Recent empirical research in Reformed Churches in the Netherlands has shown that church members attend the services expecting to have an encounter with God. The sermon in this expected encounter is still very important for them. A homiletical theory that works with these presuppositions (knowledge of God has a further problem. There is a growing Biblical illiteracy in Western societies – also in South Africa. As an answer to this problem the author proposes that the teaching sermon along the lines of Calvin’s position on preaching should get more attention in our day.

  17. Psychoanalytic theory and loving God concepts: parent referencing versus self-referencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buri, J R; Mueller, R A

    1993-01-01

    We investigated the relationship of college students' conceptions of the wrathfulness-kindliness of God to their parents' nurturance, their parents' permissiveness, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness, and the students' own self-esteem. Although parents' nurturance, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness were related to participants' conceptions of God (thus providing some support for psychoanalytic assertions), the variable of self-esteem far outweighed all other variables in accounting for the variance in God concepts. These results suggest that self-referencing explanations better account for individuals' conceptions of God than do parent referencing (i.e., psychoanalytic) explanations.

  18. Parental and God Representations Among Individuals with Psychosis: A Grounded Theory Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prout, Tracy A; Ottaviano, Patricia; Taveras, Alexa; Sepulveda, Carolyn; Torres, Julian

    2016-12-01

    Religiousness, spirituality, and social support have all been identified as having a positive impact on overall mental health outcomes. The current study describes quantitative and qualitative assessment of parental and God representations among individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (N = 46). Six salient themes emerged; participants described the importance of caregiver love and nurturance, need for God, loss of family members, love of God, concrete support provided by parents, and the ability to tolerate ambivalent feelings toward parents. Participants linked their relationships with parents and God to their process of recovery. Implications for clinical practice are discussed.

  19. Divergent effects of activating thoughts of God on self-regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurin, Kristin; Kay, Aaron C; Fitzsimons, Gráinne M

    2012-01-01

    Despite the cultural ubiquity of ideas and images related to God, relatively little is known about the effects of exposure to God representations on behavior. Specific depictions of God differ across religions, but common to most is that God is (a) an omnipotent, controlling force and (b) an omniscient, all-knowing being. Given these 2 characteristic features, how might exposure to the concept of God influence behavior? Leveraging classic and recent theorizing on self-regulation and social cognition, we predict and test for 2 divergent effects of exposure to notions of God on self-regulatory processes. Specifically, we show that participants reminded of God (vs. neutral or positive concepts) demonstrate both decreased active goal pursuit (Studies 1, 2, and 5) and increased temptation resistance (Studies 3, 4, and 5). These findings provide the first experimental evidence that exposure to God influences goal pursuit and suggest that the ever-present cultural reminders of God can be both burden and benefit for self-regulation.

  20. The protective role of attachment to God against eating disorder risk factors: concurrent and prospective evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Kristin J; Boyatzis, Chris J

    2010-01-01

    This short-term longitudinal study explored whether a secure relationship with God would protect young women (N = 231, M = 19.2) from the impact of four risk factors for eating disturbance: pressure to be thin; thin-ideal internalization, body dissatisfaction; and dieting. Analyses showed that women with secure attachment to God experienced reduced levels of each risk factor. Prospective data showed that pressure to be thin and thin-ideal internalization predicted body dissatisfaction only for women with an anxious insecure attachment to God. The data indicate that women who feel loved and accepted by God are buffered from eating disorder risk factors.

  1. The Relationship Between Trust-in-God, Positive and Negative Affect, and Hope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadardi, Javad S; Azadi, Zeinab

    2017-06-01

    We aimed to test the relationships between Trust-in-God, positive and negative affect, and feelings of hope. A sample of university students (N = 282, 50 % female) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, and a Persian measure of Trust-in-God for Muslims. The results of a series of hierarchical regression analyses indicated that Trust-in-God was positively associated with participants' scores for hope and positive affect but was negatively associated with their scores for negative affect. The results support the relationship between Trust-in-God and indices of mental health.

  2. Spiritual Struggle Among Patients Seeking Treatment for Chronic Headaches: Anger and Protest Behaviors Toward God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exline, Julie J; Krause, Steven J; Broer, Karen A

    2016-10-01

    This study examined anger and protest behaviors toward God among 80 US adults seeking treatment for chronic headaches (66 women, 14 men; 71 completed treatment). Measures were administered before and after an intensive 3-week outpatient treatment program. At both times, anger and protest toward God correlated with lower pain acceptance, more emotional distress, and greater perceived disability. However, when considered simultaneously, anger predicted sustained distress, whereas protest behaviors (e.g., complaining, questioning, arguing) predicted both reduced distress and an increased sense of meaning. These findings suggest the utility of distinguishing between anger toward God and behaviors suggesting assertiveness toward God.

  3. Rethinking ‘God’: the concept of ‘God’ as a category in comparative religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilkka Pyysiäinen

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Comparative religion should not remain isolated from other sciences. To enable interdisciplinary dialogue with other fields of study, scholars in comparative religion should make use of precise scientific concepts. 'God' is not a scientific but an emic concept used intuitively. Behind our intuitions about the concept of 'god' there are implicit Judeo-Christian assumptions. Substituting 'superhuman agent' for 'god' is no solution. The author provides some possible solutions; A We might use the concept of 'god' only as a loose heuristic or interpretative term and drop it from theoretical language; B We might also restrict the concept of 'god' only to Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and conceptualize other traditions preferring their own emic terms; C 'God' is made to refer to a very broad category of all kinds of entities somehow violating people's expectations of how entities ordinarily behave, and conceived of as superior to human.

  4. Moralistic gods, supernatural punishment and the expansion of human sociality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purzycki, Benjamin Grant; Apicella, Coren; Atkinson, Quentin D; Cohen, Emma; McNamara, Rita Anne; Willard, Aiyana K; Xygalatas, Dimitris; Norenzayan, Ara; Henrich, Joseph

    2016-02-18

    Since the origins of agriculture, the scale of human cooperation and societal complexity has dramatically expanded. This fact challenges standard evolutionary explanations of prosociality because well-studied mechanisms of cooperation based on genetic relatedness, reciprocity and partner choice falter as people increasingly engage in fleeting transactions with genetically unrelated strangers in large anonymous groups. To explain this rapid expansion of prosociality, researchers have proposed several mechanisms. Here we focus on one key hypothesis: cognitive representations of gods as increasingly knowledgeable and punitive, and who sanction violators of interpersonal social norms, foster and sustain the expansion of cooperation, trust and fairness towards co-religionist strangers. We tested this hypothesis using extensive ethnographic interviews and two behavioural games designed to measure impartial rule-following among people (n = 591, observations = 35,400) from eight diverse communities from around the world: (1) inland Tanna, Vanuatu; (2) coastal Tanna, Vanuatu; (3) Yasawa, Fiji; (4) Lovu, Fiji; (5) Pesqueiro, Brazil; (6) Pointe aux Piments, Mauritius; (7) the Tyva Republic (Siberia), Russia; and (8) Hadzaland, Tanzania. Participants reported adherence to a wide array of world religious traditions including Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism, as well as notably diverse local traditions, including animism and ancestor worship. Holding a range of relevant variables constant, the higher participants rated their moralistic gods as punitive and knowledgeable about human thoughts and actions, the more coins they allocated to geographically distant co-religionist strangers relative to both themselves and local co-religionists. Our results support the hypothesis that beliefs in moralistic, punitive and knowing gods increase impartial behaviour towards distant co-religionists, and therefore can contribute to the expansion of prosociality.

  5. Er digital post en god service for borgerne?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schreiber, Trine; Berger, Jesper Bull; Hertzum, Morten

    ´ eller ´overvejende enige´ i at det var en god ide at de lokale myndigheder skrev til borgerne med digital post, og at borgerne kunne skrive til de lokale myndigheder med digital post. Vi bad respondenterne beskrive en case hvor de havde oplevet, at digital post ændrede servicen overfor borgeren. 52% af...... udstyr el. lign. i forhold til at anvende digital post. Endelig er der beskrivelser, der henviser til en bedre arbejdssituation for medarbejderen bestående af nemmere arbejdsgange og besparelse af tid, men også modsat, beskrivelser der henviser til en besværliggjort arbejdsgang, flere genfremsendelser...

  6. Er digital post en god service for borgerne?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper B.; Schreiber, Trine Louise; Hertzum, Morten

    2014-01-01

    ´ eller ´overvejende enige´ i at det var en god ide at de lokale myndigheder skrev til borgerne med digital post, og at borgerne kunne skrive til de lokale myndigheder med digital post. Vi bad respondenterne beskrive en case hvor de havde oplevet, at digital post ændrede servicen overfor borgeren. 52% af...... udstyr el. lign. i forhold til at anvende digital post. Endelig er der beskrivelser, der henviser til en bedre arbejdssituation for medarbejderen bestående af nemmere arbejdsgange og besparelse af tid, men også modsat, beskrivelser der henviser til en besværliggjort arbejdsgang, flere genfremsendelser...

  7. The Change of Paradigm about God in Antony Flew

    OpenAIRE

    Ergin ÖGCEM

    2015-01-01

    Antony Flew is one of the most devout names of philosophical atheism. He spent almost all his life in defense of atheism. On the other hand he was distinguished from his fellow atheists by so-called dramatic shift that ensued in his philosophy. He who had committed all his philosophical efforts to the denial of the existence of God due to insufficient evidence has gave up his claim by the same token. Flew has believed that justification of any claim, idea or belief was possible only with its ...

  8. The Iconography and Symbolism of Sun God in Urartian Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poghosyan, Gayane

    2016-12-01

    The predominating symbol of the winged sun disc in Urartian religious iconography testifies the significant role and importance of the sun in worship. The stylistic variation and peculiar iconographic features of the winged discs, sacred animals and divine images associated with solar deity shows the relationship between the cult of the sun god, sequence of the different phases of the year and constellations in Urartian culture. Such kind of iconography is possibly formed and stylized in result of interaction of ancient human imaginations, influence of rock paintings and religious beliefs.

  9. John of God: an enigma for the medical sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonilla, Ernesto

    2014-12-01

    Some cures carried out by Medium João Teixeira de Faría (John of God) are presented. He claims to channel spiritual entities (Drs. Augusto de Almeida, Oswaldo Cruz, and José Valdivino) that have instantaneous access to the physical, emotional and spiritual history of each patient who is then treated by physical or "spiritual" surgeries, herbs, meditation, prayers and the ingestion of "energized" water. People operated on have no pain during the interventions and infections have not been observed. The mechanisms responsible for the healings are unknown.

  10. [To God through science. Natural theology in Francoism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paniagua, Francisco Blázquez

    2011-01-01

    In Spain, during Franco's dictatorship (1939-1975) the teaching and divulgation of science were subordinated to the Catholic religion and many books defended a theistic and creationistic point of view of biology that accepted a literal interpretation of the Book of Genesis and denied the theory of evolution, especially as it relates to human origin. This article is devoted to the main books and characteristics of this way of thinking which reproduced arguments and metaphors of the pre-Darwinian natural theology, arguing that nature was ruled by God and living organisms were the results of his design.

  11. Images of god in relation to coping strategies of palliative cancer patients.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laarhoven, H.W.M. van; Schilderman, J.; Vissers, K.C.P.; Verhagen, C.A.H.H.V.M.; Prins, J.B.

    2010-01-01

    CONTEXT: Religious coping is important for end-of-life treatment preferences, advance care planning, adjustment to stress, and quality of life. The currently available religious coping instruments draw on a religious and spiritual background that presupposes a very specific image of God, namely God

  12. Images of a Loving God and Sense of Meaning in Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroope, Samuel; Draper, Scott; Whitehead, Andrew L.

    2013-01-01

    Although prior studies have documented a positive association between religiosity and sense of meaning in life, the role of specific religious beliefs is currently unclear. Past research on images of God suggests that loving images of God will positively correlate with a sense of meaning and purpose. Mechanisms for this hypothesized relationship…

  13. Children's Image of God and Their Parents: Explorations in Children's Spirituality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baring, Rito

    2012-01-01

    Exploring children's image of God and parents has invited interest among program preparers for children's spirituality in the Philippines. This research seeks to find out the fundamental orientation of children's image of God as well as their perceptions of father and mother from 241 fifth graders in three selected government primary schools in…

  14. Core Intuitions About Persons Coexist and Interfere With Acquired Christian Beliefs About God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlev, Michael; Mermelstein, Spencer; German, Tamsin C

    2016-11-24

    This study tested the hypothesis that in the minds of adult religious adherents, acquired beliefs about the extraordinary characteristics of God coexist with, rather than replace, an initial representation of God formed by co-option of the evolved person concept. In three experiments, Christian religious adherents were asked to evaluate a series of statements for which core intuitions about persons and acquired Christian beliefs about God were consistent (i.e., true according to both [e.g., "God has beliefs that are true"] or false according to both [e.g., "All beliefs God has are false"]) or inconsistent (i.e., true on intuition but false theologically [e.g., "God has beliefs that are false"] or false on intuition but true theologically [e.g., "All beliefs God has are true"]). Participants were less accurate and slower to respond to inconsistent versus consistent statements, suggesting that the core intuitions both coexisted alongside and interfered with the acquired beliefs (Experiments 1 and 2). In Experiment 2 when responding under time pressure participants were disproportionately more likely to make errors on inconsistent versus consistent statements than when responding with no time pressure, suggesting that the resolution of interference requires cognitive resources the functioning of which decreases under cognitive load. In Experiment 3 a plausible alternative interpretation of these findings was ruled out by demonstrating that the response accuracy and time differences on consistent versus inconsistent statements occur for God-a supernatural religious entity-but not for a natural religious entity (a priest).

  15. Assessing God Locus of Control as a Factor in College Students' Alcohol Use and Sexual Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Erin W.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: This study explored God locus of control beliefs (ie, God's control over behavior) regarding their influence on alcohol use and sexual behavior as an alternative religiosity measure to religious behaviors, which does not capture perceived influence of religiosity. Additionally, demographic differences in religious beliefs were…

  16. What's "up" with God? Vertical space as a representation of the divine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, Brian P; Hauser, David J; Robinson, Michael D; Friesen, Chris Kelland; Schjeldahl, Katie

    2007-11-01

    "God" and "Devil" are abstract concepts often linked to vertical metaphors (e.g., "glory to God in the highest," "the Devil lives down in hell"). It is unknown, however, whether these metaphors simply aid communication or implicate a deeper mode of concept representation. In 6 experiments, the authors examined the extent to which the vertical dimension is used in noncommunication contexts involving God and the Devil. Experiment 1 established that people have implicit associations between God-Devil and up-down. Experiment 2 revealed that people encode God-related concepts faster if presented in a high (vs. low) vertical position. Experiment 3 found that people's memory for the vertical location of God- and Devil-like images showed a metaphor-consistent bias (up for God; down for Devil). Experiments 4, 5a, and 5b revealed that people rated strangers as more likely to believe in God when their images appeared in a high versus low vertical position, and this effect was independent of inferences related to power and likability. These robust results reveal that vertical perceptions are invoked when people access divinity-related cognitions.

  17. Images of a Loving God and Sense of Meaning in Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroope, Samuel; Draper, Scott; Whitehead, Andrew L.

    2013-01-01

    Although prior studies have documented a positive association between religiosity and sense of meaning in life, the role of specific religious beliefs is currently unclear. Past research on images of God suggests that loving images of God will positively correlate with a sense of meaning and purpose. Mechanisms for this hypothesized relationship…

  18. My Hero, My Friend: Exploring Honduran Youths' Lived Experience of the God-Individual Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Monique B.; Silver, Christopher F.; Ross, Christopher F. J.

    2012-01-01

    Extensive social science research has focused on God image and God concept through the lens of attachment theory and the parental relationship. While vast theoretical frameworks exist, the authors suggest that more focused phenomenological research would shed light on adolescent lived experience within experiential descriptive language and…

  19. Disappointment with God and Well-Being: The Mediating Influence of Relationship Quality and Dispositional Forgiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strelan, Peter; Acton, Collin; Patrick, Kent

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which disappointment with God influenced the psychological and spiritual well-being of 160 churchgoers, and the potential mediating influences of relationship quality (spiritual maturity and relationship commitment) and dispositional forgiveness. Disappointment with God was positively related to depression and…

  20. Interpreting the theology of Barth in light of Nietzsche's dictum “God ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UPuser

    Interpreting the theology of Barth in light of Nietzsche's dictum “God is dead” ..... insofar as in this death the unseen God becomes visible to us, insofar as this death is ... he got to know the style of indirect communication and developed a critical.

  1. Chinese Christians in America: Attachment to God, Stress, and Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Meifen; Ku, Tsun-Yao; Chen, Hwei-Jane; Wade, Nathaniel; Liao, Kelly Yu-Hsin; Guo, Gwo-Jen

    2012-01-01

    This study examined whether attachment to God moderated the relation between perceived stress and well-being (i.e., life satisfaction and positive affect) among 183 Chinese Christian international students and immigrants. Results showed significant main effects of (a) perceived stress on life satisfaction and (b) secure attachment to God and…

  2. The God effect quantum entanglement, science’s strangest phenomenon

    CERN Document Server

    Clegg, Brian

    2006-01-01

    The phenomenon that Einstein thought too spooky and strange to be true What is entanglement? It's a connection between quantum particles, the building blocks of the universe. Once two particles are entangled, a change to one of them is reflected---instantly---in the other, be they in the same lab or light-years apart. So counterintuitive is this phenomenon and its implications that Einstein himself called it "spooky" and thought that it would lead to the downfall of quantum theory. Yet scientists have since discovered that quantum entanglement, the "God Effect," was one of Einstein's few---and perhaps one of his greatest---mistakes. What does it mean? The possibilities offered by a fuller understanding of the nature of entanglement read like something out of science fiction: communications devices that could span the stars, codes that cannot be broken, computers that dwarf today's machines in speed and power, teleportation, and more. In The God Effect, veteran science writer Brian Clegg has written an ex...

  3. God in Question: Questioning as a Prerequisite for Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Kočí

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available There are questions that are so important that it is a pity to spoil them with answers. No doubt, the question of God is one of them. Contrary to many presuppositions, theology is not capable of providing us with the final answers in this respect. On the contrary, theology professed as fides quaerens intellectum is an ongoing struggle with questions. Modernity interrupted this paradigm of theological questioning. Theology was withdrawn from the realm of understanding and shifted to the realm of explanation. Modernity brought the univocalization of God. Nonetheless, the attempts to tackle the question of God lead to hegemonic narratives about God. Such narratives are rightly criticized in a postmodern context for their totalizing pretensions. The problem of postmodern criticism is its one-sided emphasis on the apophatic dimension of theological discourse. I propose that theology can go a step further beyond postmodernity. In order to do so, I deal with the Czech philosopher Jan Patočka, who provides an opportunity to rethink God from the perspective of questioning in a new way. Patočka’s insistence on problematicity is the main reading key of his work. In this line of though, I interpret Patočka’s student Tomáš Halík and his thesis about the necessity to take the metaphor of an unknown God into account. I argue that theology must avoid the temptation to remove God from the question and make a well-known God of him. The time has come for theologians to turn their answers back into questions and dwell with them. Bůh jako otázka: Tázání jako předpoklad teologie Některé otázky jsou tak důležité, že je škoda kazit je odpověďmi. Není pochyb, že otázka po Bohu je jednou z nich. Navzdory mnoha předpokladům, ani teologie není schopna poskytnout v tomto ohledu konečné odpovědi. Teologie pojatá jako fides quaerens intellectum je nepřetržitý nekončící zápas s otázkami. Moderna narušila toto paradigma teologick

  4. The kingdom of God in the Old Testament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.G.L. Peels

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available In recent times, the notion of the “kingdom of God” has received much interest by Old Testament scholars. Reformed theology has traditionally attached much theological value to this topic, whereas modern research is questioning the centrality of the theme. It seems as if text material on this topic is relatively limited. In this article contemporary research concerning antiquity, provenance and the development of the notion of God’s kingdom is briefly highlighted, with special emphasis on the study of the YHWH-malak Psalms. It is argued, however, that tradition-critical analysis runs the risk of insufficiently recognising the importance of the theme. The matrix of thoughts and ideas in which the theme is rooted has to be taken into account, both semantically and theologically. In this respect, the notions of creation and covenant are of special interest. Finally, both spatial and temporal characteristics of the kingdom of God in the Old Testament are delineated. The kingship/kingdom of God is still to be considered as a basic and even central notion in the Old Testament.

  5. God’s self-revelation in the Old Testament and African concepts of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. van Rooy

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available This article has a twofold purpose: Firstly, to demonstrate that, contrary to what has been written about the subject so far, there is not only a single, generally valid concept of God in Africa, but that at least six models of concepts exist: God as an impersonal power, or as the first ancestor, or as the far-away Creator-King, or as the benevolent cosmic Grandfather, or as a transcendental, involved God, or as one of a pantheon. Secondly, the purpose of this article is to demonstrate that all these models, except to a certain degree the fifth one, differ radically from what God reveals about himself in the Old Testament, since he is a personal God, not part of creation, not genealogically related to man, yet near in his fellowship with man, but that he also judges those who sin against his will. Finally, he is unique.

  6. Representations of God uncovered in a spirituality group of borderline inpatients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Geoff; Manierre, Amy

    2008-01-01

    We present aspects of a psychoanalytically-oriented, exploratory spirituality group for nine female psychiatric inpatients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. Through drawings and group process, the patients uncovered and elaborated on their representations of God. Two patterns of representations were identified: (1) representations of a punitive, judgmental, rigid God that seemed directly to reflect and correspond with parental representations and (2) representations of a depersonified, inanimate, abstract God entailing aspects of idealization that seemed to compensate for parental representations. Interestingly, the second pattern was associated with comorbid narcissistic features in the patients. Those patients who presented punitive God representations were able to begin the process of re-creating these representations toward more benign or benevolent images in the context of this group, while those participants who presented depersonified God representations seemed unable to do so.

  7. Blaming god for our pain: human suffering and the divine mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Kurt; Wegner, Daniel M

    2010-02-01

    Believing in God requires not only a leap of faith but also an extension of people's normal capacity to perceive the minds of others. Usually, people perceive minds of all kinds by trying to understand their conscious experience (what it is like to be them) and their agency (what they can do). Although humans are perceived to have both agency and experience, humans appear to see God as possessing agency, but not experience. God's unique mind is due, the authors suggest, to the uniquely moral role He occupies. In this article, the authors propose that God is seen as the ultimate moral agent, the entity people blame and praise when they receive anomalous harm and help. Support for this proposition comes from research on mind perception, morality, and moral typecasting. Interestingly, although people perceive God as the author of salvation, suffering seems to evoke even more attributions to the divine.

  8. God attachment, mother attachment, and father attachment in early and middle adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Tick Ngee; Yow, Amanda Shixian

    2011-06-01

    The present study examined the interplay of attachment to God, attachment to mother, and attachment to father with respect to adjustment (hope, self-esteem, depression) for 130 early and 106 middle adolescents in Singapore. Results showed that the parental attachments were generally linked (in expected directions) to adjustment. God attachment, however, had unique results. At the bivariate level, God attachment was only linked to early adolescents' self-esteem. When considered together with parental attachments (including interactions), God attachment did not emerge as the key moderator in attachment interactions and yielded some unexpected results (e.g., being positively linked to depression). These results are discussed viz-a-viz the secure base and safe haven functions that God and parental attachments may play during adolescence.

  9. MOTIFS OF STRUGGLING WITH GOD IN V. MAYAKOVSKY'S POEM "A CLOUD IN TROUSERS"

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    Oksana Gennadyevna Abramova

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the problem of struggling with God in the works of Vladimir Mayakovsky, with a special focus on his poem A Cloud in Trousers. The poem's original title – The Thirteenth Apostle – presents the quintessence of its content and witnesses the rise of the struggle with God and the poet's protest against the Church dogma. Our article looks at a number of theomachic motifs in A Cloud in Trousers, as well as the means of their transformation in the futurist world. A zoomorphic image of the Universe which appears at the ending of the poem lacks both God and Man. The conflict with the world that had forgotten its God drives the lyrical protagonist into the 'madness' of struggle against God. This conflict keeps bringing him back to Golgotha, surrounded by the crowd who chooses to let Barabbas go. This is the highest tragedy of Mayakovsky's poem.

  10. Sensing and Longing for God in Andrey Zvyagintsev’s The Return and Leviathan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denys Kondyuk

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores apophatic ways of presenting God (the Other in two films of Andrey Zvyagintsev. The lens for this analysis is the phenomenological theology of John Panteleimon Manoussakis, using the following concepts: (1 God as personal Other; (2 the relational nature of God’s self-disclosure through prosopon; (3 God as revealed in space/sight; (4 God as revealed in hearing/time; and (5 God as revealed in touch/self-understanding. This analysis, pursued through close examination of Zvyagintsev’s The Return (2003 and Leviathan (2014, demonstrates the relevance of Manoussakis’s theology to the study of religion and film, particularly in its sensual and experiential themes and emphases.

  11. GOD/Lac生物燃料电池的构建与性能研究%The construction and performance of GOD/Lac biofuel cell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琨琦

    2010-01-01

    使用葡萄糖糖氧化酶(GOD)和漆酶(Lac)分别做酶生物燃料电池的阳极与阴极,构成了GOD/Lac酶生物燃料电池.首先通过循环伏安法研究了酶生物燃料电池阳极催化剂GOD和阴极催化剂Lac在碳布基底电极上的直接电化学行为,结果表明:GOD与Lac在该修饰电极上均完成了一个直接、可逆的电化学过程,保持了自身的生物学活性,为成功构成GOD/Lac酶生物燃料电池提供一个必要条件.其二,采用葡萄糖作为GOD/Lac酶生物燃料电池的阳极燃料,氧气(O2)作为GOD/Lac酶生物燃料电池的阴极燃料,使用充放电仪测得该GOD/Lac酶生物燃料电池在38.5 mV处的最大输出功率密度为0.108μW·cm-2,电流密度为2.75uμA·cm-2.

  12. Evolutionary theory, human uniqueness and the image of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gijsbert van den Brink

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I examined what might be called the evolutionary argument against human uniqueness and human dignity. After having rehearsed briefly the roots of the classical Judeo- Christian view on human uniqueness and human dignity in the first chapters of Genesis, I went on to explore and delineate the nature of the evolutionary argument against this view. Next, I examined whether Christian theology might widen the concept of imago Dei so as to include other beings as well as humans, thus giving up the idea of human uniqueness. I concluded, however, that this move is deeply problematic. Therefore, I turned to a discussion of some recent attempts to define both human uniqueness and the image of God in theological rather than empirical terms. One of these, which is based on the concept of incarnation, is found wanting, but another one is construed in such a way that it enables us to reconcile the idea of human uniqueness as encapsulated in the doctrine of the imago Dei with contemporary evolutionary theory. Thus, this article can be seen as an exercise in bringing classical Christian theology to terms with evolution, further highlighting this theology’s ongoing vitality.Evolusieteorie, menslike uniekheid and die beeld van God. In hierdie artikel ondersoek ek die sogenaamde evolusionêre argument teen menslike uniekheid en menswaardigheid. Na ‘n kort oorsig oor die oorsprong van die klassieke Joods-Christelike siening van menslike uniekheid en menswaardigheid soos uit die eerste vyf hoofstukke van Genesis blyk, ondersoek en beeld ek die aard van die evolusionêre argument hierteenoor uit. Vervolgens word die vraag ondersoek of die Christelike teologie die konsep van imago Dei sodanig kan verbreed dat dit ook ander wesens behalwe mense kan insluit, waardeur die idee van menslike uniekheid dus prysgegee word. Ek kom egter tot die slotsom dat hierdie skuif hoogs problematies is. Daarom wend ek my tot ’n bespreking van onlangse pogings om

  13. FERTILE GROUND FOR SEEKING GOD IN THE SILVER AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syaotao LI

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The author of the article conducts a study of the conditions for the emergence of intellectuals-seekers. According to the author, the emergence of intellectuals’ seekers is the result of interaction between European philosophy and the actual conditions in Russia. However, the real conditions in Russia as power inherent causes played a decisive role in the process of searching for God adding the Russian intelligentsia. The rapid development of bourgeois relations of production in the second half of the nineteenth century brought to maintain on the one hand, the concept of a liberal, democratic renewal of mankind in accordance with the ideals of civil society, legal state, on the other hand, gave rise to Marxism, which became the ideology of the rejects in this changing world of the lower classes. In such a situation in Russia formed various political parties and ideological currents. The end of the 19th century was marked all over Europe, and in Russia alone, the strong influence of two people. It was Marx and Nietzsche. Familiarity with Russian Marxism can be attributed more to the 40-th years of 19th century, an important indicator of what was a great event - the publication of "Capital" Marx in the 70-ies. Decade, he worked from 1894 to 1904 it was characterized by the wide spread of Marxism in Russia. And the years - spreading the ideas of Marxism and Nietzsche - coincide with a key period of formation of the worldview of the representatives of searching for God. The author, on the basis of the study notes that almost all Russian intellectuals - God-seekers, second generation operated under the dual influence of traditional Russian religious-philosophical thought and European neoromanticism. V. Solovyov’s ideas has laid a solid Foundation for Russian intellectuals, the seekers of the second generation of the turn of the century, especially since he had a direct impact on them: in 1885 at Moscow University organized the first philosophical

  14. ‘Een filosofisch geschriftje’: Christiaan Huygens’ gedachten over God in zijn Cosmotheoros en andere geschriften

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nienke Smit

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Although much has been written about Christiaan Huygens (1629–1695, his religious views are almost neglected in historical research. Some scholars have come to the conclusion that God played no part at all in the worldview of this great mathematician. Although Huygens has never written a book exclu- sively devoted to the subject of God, he did leave us some notes in which he explicitly expresses his views about God and the divine. This article focuses on Huygens’ philosophical writings and especially on his last completed work Cosmotheoros (1698, in which he discusses the possibility of extra-terres- trial life. In this book God is an important subject. Huygens’ thoughts show a strong belief in an underlying logic behind the construction of the universe. According to Huygens, the idea that the earth is just a planet among other planets, logically implies that these other planets should have a similar nature as the earth and are inhabited by ‘rational beings’. Eve- rything in the universe is created for a reason, so God would not have created anything for no purpose. Huygens can’t imagine the world being created without a great intelligent deity, but he denies that God has a direct influence on the course of events on earth. Therefore, in his view, the existence of miracles is impossible. This article presents a new perspective on Christiaan Huygens and shows that the concept of God was actually a crucial element in his understanding of the world.

  15. Work of the Gods: Tatai Arorangi (Maori Astronomy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leather, Kay; Hall, Richard

    Knowledgeable elders of ancient times, and their descendants today, studied the heavens and the stars - such was matai whetu, study of the stars - to identify the heavenly bodies and their relationships to each other. The knowledge gained was arranged in whakapapa, genealogies. Recitation of the star names was known as tatai whetu; navigation across the seas was tatai aro rangi: finding the appropriate path by the stars. The maramataka, or literally moon calendar, and the seasons were determined by the heliacal rising (rising just before the Sun) of certain stars. Knowledge of their world was the tool the ancients used to order their lives. From the first twitch in Te Kore, which gave life, to the continuous flow of creation, carried in the waters of life, even unto the breath of life, which allows creatures to move under their own mana, all the universe shares the tapu and the mana of the gods.

  16. A Comparative Study of the principle of Penal and Criminal Laws in Islam and Judaism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Haji Esmaili

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the field of religious studies, study of previous religions and orders is important, because divine religions have a one truth and essence; Judaism, Christianity and Islam are relative religions and have a common history. All three are attributed to religion of Abraham, Hence are called the "Abraham religions". All three of them have Semitic origins; therefore they are called the "Semitic religions". All three believe in one God, and for that, they are called "monotheistic religions". Though Islam subscribes the past of Jewish, does not necessarily defends all the Jewish teachings and holy books in its current form. However, these two religions are very similar and that is the value that they have given to religion. So that, none of the major live religions of the world have not such esteem. Many similarities in principles of the two relative religions have provided a suitable ground for comparative studies. In the field of law studies also found many similarities between two religions. The scriptures as a source of laws, criminal law, criminalization and punishments and ... all are of the important law issues that the way of their expression in both religions have many similarities. Since religion has a special place in Judaism and Islam, this research aims to review the principles and elements of criminal as well as some penalty goals in the religious teachings sphere of these two religions. In this regard, verses of The Quran, authentic hadiths (traditions and The Torah should be known as the main sources of recognition of these two religious orders.  Although Torah has been distorted, but this does not mean that everything is distorted in Torah. There are many juridical and ethical rules in Torah that cannot doubt in their divinity. In the other hand, many of the adventures happened to the Moses Prophet and the Israelites have been mentioned with slight variations in The Qur'an which is immune to any distortion. In the juridical

  17. Different effects of religion and God on prosociality with the ingroup and outgroup.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Jesse Lee; Ritter, Ryan S

    2013-11-01

    Recent studies have found that activating religious cognition by priming techniques can enhance prosocial behavior, arguably because religious concepts carry prosocial associations. But many of these studies have primed multiple concepts simultaneously related to the sacred. We argue here that religion and God are distinct concepts that activate distinct associations. In particular, we examine the effect of God and religion on prosociality toward the ingroup and outgroup. In three studies, we found that religion primes enhanced prosociality toward ingroup members, consistent with ingroup affiliation, whereas, God primes enhanced prosociality toward outgroup member, consistent with concerns of moral impression management. Implications for theory and methodology in religious cognition are discussed.

  18. Pastorale interaksie met vroue - gesien vanuit die beelde wat vir God gebruik word

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Dreyer

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Pastoral care and counseling with women: God-images and theidentity of women. The focus of this article is on women in the pastoral care situation. Rather than the revolutionary approach of liberation theology, a choice is made here for a process of conscientisation. Consciousness should be raised concerning the harm that has come to women on account of the dominant male perspective. A correlaion is drawn between a conception of Scripture, God-images (King/Lord, Father, Friend, Mother and the identity of women. The article concludes with an orientation of church and society within a postmodern paradigm toward an authentic life for women before God.

  19. Does the perception that God controls health outcomes matter for health behaviors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karvinen, Kristina H; Carr, Lucas J

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between God Locus of Health Control, health behaviors, and beliefs utilizing a cross-sectional online survey (N = 549). Results indicated that God Locus of Health Control was correlated with alcohol use, physical activity, perceived risk of chronic disease, and beliefs that poor health behaviors contribute to chronic disease (all p values God Locus of Health Control was only an independent correlate of the belief that physical inactivity contributed to chronic disease. Insights from this study may be important for future faith-based health behavior change interventions.

  20. The doctrine on God, as demonstrated and confessed in the Heidelberg Catechism

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    Carel F.C. Coetzee

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Although the Heidelberg Catechism (HC does not deal with a systematic doctrine on God and although there are not many sources available on the specific subject, it is a most important subject when dealing with the theology of the HC (W. van ’t Spijker. Due to the prescribed length of the article, it only focuses on two aspects of the doctrine on God, namely the Trinity and the relationship between God and the cosmos (reality. Futhermore, today there is an emphasis on a new concept of God, known as Panentheism. In this concept, God and his creation are identified with each other. In the South African context, the article deals very shortly with the viewpoints of Spangenberg, Van Aarde and Müller in this regard. The God confessed in the HC is the triune God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. In the closest and most logical coherence with this, the HC confesses the deity of Christ and of the Holy Spirit. The HC also proceeds from the premise of the historical, bodily resurrection of Christ from the dead. As far as the relationship between God and creation is concerned, the HC, in agreement with the church of the first centuries, confesses and teaches a personal God, the Father of Jesus Christ, who for the sake of Christ is the Father of the elect. This God is the almighty creator of heaven and earth. He lives in a covenant relationship with his creation, which he sustains and governs at every moment. He is both transcendent and immanent.Alhoewel die Heidelbergse Kategismus (HK nie ’n sistematiese Godsleer bevat soos sommige van die ander belydenisskrifte nie en bronne oor die spesifieke onderwerp betreklik skaars is, is dit tog een van die belangrikste onderwerpe wanneer daar oor die teologie van die HK gehandel word (W. van ’t Spijker. Vanweë die voorgeskrewe lengte, word daar in hierdie artikel slegs op twee aspekte van die Godsleer gefokus, naamlik die Drie-eenheid en die verhouding van God tot die kosmos (werklikheid. Hierdie twee aspekte is

  1. Die bediening van die wil van God aan gelowiges in nood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. G. S. Venter

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article excgetical, pastoral and practical perspectives are given on the church 's ministry to people in distress. The goal of the church's ministry is not to explain the will of god rationally: the church should assist the believer in distress to enter into a personal relationship with God. The pastor should have a true relationship with God and a sincere relationship should exist between pastor and church member. With these relationships as a basis, the believer can be led to accept the will of God in his her life as a loving, caring will. In practice, the ministry of the church should comprise five aspects: christological communication, father-centred integration, pneumatological assistance, eschatological vision and personal growth.

  2. Playing God and the ethics of divine names: an Islamic paradigm for biomedical ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahzad, Qaiser

    2007-10-01

    The notion of 'playing God' frequently comes to fore in discussions of bioethics, especially in religious contexts. The phrase has always been analyzed and discussed from Christian and secular standpoints. Two interpretations exist in the literature. The first one takes 'God' seriously and playing 'playfully'. It argues that this concept does state a principle but invokes a perspective on the world. The second takes both terms playfully. In the Islamic Intellectual tradition, the Sufi concept of 'adopting divine character traits' provides a legitimate paradigm for 'playing God'. This paradigm is interesting because here we take both terms 'God' and 'playing' seriously. It is significant for the development of biomedical ethics in contemporary Islamic societies as it can open new vistas for viewing biotechnological developments.

  3. Believing in God the Father: Interpreting a phrase from the Apostle’s Creed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Sarot

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In our days, the creedal phrase ‘I believe in God the Father almighty’ is interpreted primarilyalong Trinitarian lines: It is applied to God as the Father of Jesus Christ. Here I argue that ithas a dual background: in Jesus’ prayer practice, in which He consistently addressed God as‘Father’, and in the Hellenistic habit of referring to the Creator as ‘Father’. I discuss Jesus’ useof the term ‘Father’ against its Old Testament background, and argue that it primarily pointsto the intimacy of Jesus’ relationship with His father. Against the Hellenistic background,however, the metaphor ‘Father’ means ‘he who brings forth effortlessly’. Finally, I discusssome gender issues connected with the use of the term ‘Father’ for God.

  4. A Semantic-Based Approach for Detecting and Decomposing God Classes

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Junha; Kim, Dae-Kyoo; Park, Sooyong

    2012-01-01

    Cohesion is a core design quality that has a great impact on posterior development and maintenance. By the nature of software, the cohesion of a system is diminished as the system evolves. God classes are code defects resulting from software evolution, having heterogeneous responsibilities highly coupled with other classes and often large in size, which makes it difficult to maintain the system. The existing work on identifying and decomposing God classes heavily relies on internal class information to identify God classes and responsibilities. However, in object-oriented systems, responsibilities should be analyzed with respect to not only internal class information, but also method interactions. In this paper, we present a novel approach for detecting God classes and decomposing their responsibilities based on the semantics of methods and method interactions. We evaluate the approach using JMeter v2.5.1 and the results are promising.

  5. Reformasie as herstel van die ware diens van God: enkele aanwysers by Calvyn en Zwingli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.F. Schulze

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Reformation as restoration of the true service of God - some indicators in the work of Calvin and ZwingliIn this article an attempt is made to interpret the 16th century Reformation from a rarely mentioned, yet very real perspective, viz., as a restoration of the true service of God. It is indicated that the true service o f God is an overarching concept, encompassing more than simply an ecclesiastical reform, or a return to the Bible. Besides these aspects, true service o f God implies the renewal o f life with all its social, economical and political overtones, which cannot be discussed in full in an article. Data drawn from some works o f Calvin and Zwingli will hopefully prove the validity o f this perspective and offer Christians in the "new South Africa" thought-provoking ideas which should be put into action.

  6. Durf ons nog preek dat werk ’n roeping van God is?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne de Villiers

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Is the preaching that work is a vocation of God still relevant?According to the view of the Reformers Luther and Calvin work is a vocation of God. This article attemps to establish whether this view is still valid today. A number of factors that contribute to presentday Christians experiencing this view as problematical, are discussed. As a result of this experience the theologian Miroslav Volf argues that the Reformed view of work as a vocation of God should be relinquished. Contrary to Volf, the author of the article argues that the view of the Reformers can and should be retained. A more dynamic interpretation of work as vocation of God should, however, be given and the comprehensive theological framework within which the Bible views work, should be respected.

  7. Relating with God Contributes to Variance in Happiness, over that from Personality and Age

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    John Fisher

    2013-01-01

      A previous study on university students reported that personal, communal, and environmental spiritual well-being contributed to happiness over and above personality but that relating with God did...

  8. Signposts to God how modern physics and astronomy point the way to belief

    CERN Document Server

    Bussey, Peter

    2016-01-01

    In Signposts to God particle physicist Peter Bussey introduces readers to the mysteries of modern physics and astronomy. Written in clear, accessible prose, Bussey provides a primer on topics such as the laws of nature, quantum physics, fine-tuning, and current cosmological models. He shows that despite the remarkable achievements of science, the latest research in these fields does not lead to simple physicalism in which physical processes are able to explain everything that exists. Bussey argues that, far from ruling out a divine Creator, modern physics and astronomy present us with compelling signposts to God. The more we know about the cosmos and our presence in it, the more plausible belief in God becomes. We can be intellectually satisfied in both science and the Christian faith. Written by someone who has worked for years in scientific research, Signposts to God is a timely and winsome response to a cultural stalemate.

  9. A Puzzle Unsolved: Failure to Observe Different Effects of God and Religion Primes on Intergroup Attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsay, Jonathan E; Tong, Eddie M W; Pang, Joyce S; Chowdhury, Avijit

    2016-01-01

    Religious priming has been found to have both positive and negative consequences, and recent research suggests that the activation of God-related and community-related religious cognitions may cause outgroup prosociality and outgroup derogation respectively. The present research sought to examine whether reminders of God and religion have different effects on attitudes towards ingroup and outgroup members. Over two studies, little evidence was found for different effects of these two types of religious primes. In study 1, individuals primed with the words "religion", "God" and a neutral control word evaluated both ingroup and outgroup members similarly, although a marginal tendency towards more negative evaluations of outgroup members by females exposed to religion primes was observed. In study 2, no significant differences in attitudes towards an outgroup member were observed between the God, religion, and neutral priming conditions. Furthermore, the gender effect observed in study 1 did not replicate in this second study. Possible explanations for these null effects are discussed.

  10. Attachment to God, religious tradition, and firm attributes in workplace commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kent, Blake Victor

    2016-09-29

    Research on organizational commitment suggests there is an association between American theists' emotional attachment to God and their emotional commitment to the workplace. A sense of divine calling has been shown to partially mediate this association but, beyond that, little is known. The purpose of this study is to shed further light on the relationship between secure attachment to God and affective organizational commitment. I do so by testing whether the employee's religious tradition is associated with affective organizational commitment and whether the employee's firm attributes moderate the relationship between attachment to God and organizational commitment. Results suggest that: 1) Catholics evince higher levels of organizational commitment than Evangelicals, and 2) firm size significantly moderates the relationship between attachment to God and organizational commitment across religious affiliations.

  11. Children's attributions of beliefs to humans and God: cross-cultural evidence

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Knight, N

    2004-01-01

    .... In this paper, we present the results of a false-belief task concerning humans and God run with a sample of Maya children aged 4-7, and place them in the context of several psychological theories...

  12. Literary Translation: The Experience of Translating Chinua Achebe's "Arrow of God" into French.

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Almeida, Irene

    1981-01-01

    Uses Achebe's "Arrow of God" as example of difficulty in translating English into French when author and translators are not native speakers of these languages. Suggests inventing French gibberish or use of translator's notes to translate Pidgin English. (BK)

  13. THE SACRAMENT OF THE FIRST CHILD OF GOD: A RENEWED CHRISTIAN ECO-IMAGINARY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles J. Fensham

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper argues for reimagining of the narratives of Genesis 1-3 in aid of building a Christian imaginary in Christian communities that will establish an anthropology and cosmological vision supportive of global ecology. It argues that the texts of Genesis 1-2 allow for and give support for the idea that creation itself is a child of God and that God gives birth to creation. Moreover, God cherishes creation in the Sabbath as a newborn. Christian anthropology is thus relativised by its humble status as being part of creation, birthed from God, and by the exposure of human arrogance towards creation in their quest for transcending human limitation. Christian communities can discover new eco-affirming imaginaries in doxological and sacramental celebration of creation. doi: 10.7833/111-1-16

  14. The image of the God to whom we pray: An evolutionary psychobiological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jay R. Feierman

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Based on knowledge generated through our outer senses and with our use of reasoning and within the scientific discipline of evolutionary psychobiology we can make a reasonable presumption about God. The presumption concerns the image of the God to whom we pray. In the behavior that we use in the non-vocal aspect of petitioning prayer we (all persons of the three Abrahamic faiths relate behaviorally in our «body language» to God as though He is a high status male Lord rather than how modern children relate to a loving father. We do this even though «Father» is used for God in the various English translations of the New Testament an order of magnitude more than the term «LORD». How this paradox could have developed and how it is resolved is presented

  15. 75 FR 15764 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gods of Angkor: Bronzes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gods of Angkor: Bronzes From the...: Bronzes from the National Museum of Cambodia,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  16. a psychological perspective on god -belief as a source of well-being ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-06-18

    Jun 18, 2010 ... The unquestioning acceptance of views of the universe proclaimed by religions was the cast for ...... Participants viewed themselves as never alone and always .... the obvious evidence of God's love, care and protection, for.

  17. The Role of Intertextuality in Neil Gaiman’s American Gods

    OpenAIRE

    Irina RAȚĂ

    2015-01-01

    The American cultural identity and the essence of modern America are concepts difficult to describe and define. Neil Gaiman, a highly acclaimed British writer, tried to capture, in his award-winning novel, American Gods, the “real” America, and its elusive cultural identity. This article aims to uncover the intertextual references in American Gods, since Gaiman’s work is renowned for its extensive intertextuality. It also attempts to analyse the role and the importance of references in the cr...

  18. Is this the answer to God, the universe and all that?

    CERN Multimedia

    Adam, David

    2004-01-01

    They call it the God particle: a mysterious sub-atomic fragment that permeates the entire universe and explains how everything is the way it is. Nobody has ever seen the God particle; some say it doesn't exist but, in the ultimate leap of faith, physicists across the world are preparing to build one of the most ambitious and expensive science experiments the world has ever seen to try to find it (1 page)

  19. The Relationship between Styles of Attachment to God and Forgiveness and Empathy among Female Students in the City of Qom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahsa Rashidi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Forgiveness and empathy are factors which are influential in improving the relationships between people, themselves can be affected by various factors in turn. The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between the styles of attachment to God and forgiveness and empathy among female students in the city of Qom. 250 students were selected from the city of Qom by cluster sampling. Three questionnaires were used: styles of attachment to God by Kirkpatrick and Rowatt, emotional empathy by Mehrabian and Epstein and forgiveness inventory by Enzeit. Pearson correlation and Regression analysis were used for data analysis. The style of secure attachment to God had a significantly positive relationship with forgiveness and empathy. Furthermore, the style of avoidant attachment to God and the style of bilateral attachment to God had a significantly negative relationship with forgiveness. In addition, the standard coefficients of all three predictive variables (Secure attachment, bilateral and avoidant to God were all significant at p=0.05. Assessment and recognition of the style of attachment to God, the students and its relation with forgiveness and empathy can have valuable implications in providing the mental health of the students. Conclusion: The findings of this research show a connection between the style of attachment to God and forgiveness and empathy, indicate the clarification of attachment to God in students' forgiveness and empathy. Based on the findings, it can be suggested that the theory of attachment to God can be used in psychotherapy.

  20. Development and validation of the alcohol-related God locus of control scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Thomas S; Goggin, Kathy; Malcarne, Vanessa L

    2006-03-01

    Control beliefs and spirituality appear to be important factors in recovery from alcoholism. However, the integration of these two constructs has received little attention, and the relationship of spiritually related control beliefs to recovery remains unclear. Currently no measures exist to specifically assess these beliefs. To address this need, the Alcohol-Related God Locus of Control scale (AGLOC) was developed. This 12-item self-report measure assesses perceptions of God/Higher Power's role in recovery from alcoholism. The AGLOC was administered to 144 recovering alcoholics attending Alcoholics Anonymous meetings. Exploratory factor analysis yielded a two-factor solution with one factor related to attributions of God control over initial cessation of drinking (Cessation) and the other factor related to attributions of God control over one's continued maintenance of sobriety (Maintenance). Both subscales and the overall scale demonstrated adequate to high internal consistency. Demonstrating convergent and discriminant validity, the total AGLOC scale and the Cessation subscale were significantly but moderately correlated with spirituality (both frequency and importance), and independent of perceptions of internal control over drinking. Maintenance subscale scores were inversely associated with internal drinking-related scores and were not associated with spiritual importance or frequency of spiritual practice. Findings support the utility of this instrument for the assessment of alcohol-related God/Higher Power locus of control beliefs in an alcoholic population and suggest the importance of further research on changes in alcohol-related God control beliefs throughout the course of recovery.

  1. How Can God Act in the World? Modern Science and the Problem of Divine Causation

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    Juuso Loikkanen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The belief that God actively acts in the world has been fundamental to orthodox Christian theology throughout the history of Christianity. Since the rise of modern science, however, this traditional understanding of God’s actions has attracted more and more critique. Firstly, it has been argued God cannot act in the world without violating the allegedly all-encompassing laws of nature, and, consequently, because the laws of nature cannot presumably ever be broken, it is considered totally impossible for God to influence the physical world in any way. Secondly, it is claimed that even if breaking the laws of nature was not, in theory, impossible, it would still be, in practice, impossible for an immaterial entity such as God to influence the material world. In this article, I argue that the first objection, i.e., that God cannot act in the world, holds partly true. I maintain that God cannot act without interfering with the processes of nature (although some recent attempts of building noninterventionist theories of God’ actions have been made. Nevertheless, I do not see how God’s intervention would constitute a problem for modern physics, as has often been proposed. Moreover, the second claim, i.e., that immaterial entities cannot affect material entities, is not based on evidence but on an unfounded assumption that because we do not know the mechanism of causation between immaterial and material entities, this causation is not possible.

  2. Fingers-of-God effect of infalling satellite galaxies

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    Hikage, Chiaki

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the nonlinear property of redshift-space distortion, i.e., Fingers-of-God (FoG) effect, is important for the redshift-space distortion studies to test gravity models. FoG effect has been usually attributed to the random motion of galaxies inside the clusters. In this paper, we demonstrate the importance of the coherent infalling motion of satellite galaxies toward the cluster center. We analytically derive the satellite velocity distribution due to the infall motion together with the random motion and show that the velocity distribution becomes far from Maxwellian when the infalling motion is dominant. We use simulated subhalo catalogs to find that the contribution of infall motion is important for massive subhalos and that their velocity distribution has top-hat like shape as expected from our analytic model.We also study the FoG effect due to infall motion on the redshift-space power spectrum. Using the simulated subhalo catalogs based on the halo occupation distribution of luminous red galaxi...

  3. Fingers-of-God effect of infalling satellite galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hikage, Chiaki; Yamamoto, Kazuhiro

    2016-01-01

    Non-linear redshift-space distortion known as the Fingers-of-God (FoG) effect is a major systematic uncertainty in redshift-space distortion studies conducted to test gravity models. The FoG effect has been usually attributed to the random motion of galaxies inside their clusters. When the internal galaxy motion is not well virialized, however, the coherent infalling motion towards the cluster centre generates the FoG effect. Here, we derive an analytical model of the satellite velocity distribution due to the infall motion combined with the random motion. We show that the velocity distribution becomes far from Maxwellian when the infalling motion is dominant. We use simulated subhalo catalogues to find that the contribution of infall motion is important to massive subhaloes and that the velocity distribution has a top-hat like shape as expected from our analytic model. We also study the FoG effect due to infall motion on the redshift-space power spectrum. Using simulated mock samples of luminous red galaxies constructed from haloes and massive subhaloes in N-body simulations, we show that the redshift-space power spectra can differ from expectations when the infall motion is ignored.

  4. To God through Science. Natural theology in Francoism

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    Blázquez Paniagua, Francisco

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In Spain, during Franco’s dictatorship (1939-1975 the teaching and divulgation of science were subordinated to the Catholic religion and many books defended a theistic and creationistic point of view of Biology that accepted a literal interpretation of the Book of Genesis and denied the theory of evolution, especially as it relates to human origin. This article is devoted to the main books and characteristics of this way of thinking which reproduced arguments and metaphors of the Pre-Darwinian Natural Theology, arguing that Nature was ruled by God and living organisms were the results of his design.

    En España, durante la dictadura franquista (1939-1975, la enseñanza y la divulgación de la ciencia estuvieron supeditadas a la religión católica y numerosas obras defendieron una visión teísta y creacionista de la biología que aceptaba el relato literal del Génesis y rechazaba la teoría de la evolución, especialmente en el problema del origen del ser humano. Este artículo aborda las principales obras y características de esta forma de pensamiento que reprodujo argumentos y metáforas propios de la teología natural predarwiniana, según la cual la Naturaleza estaba gobernada por Dios y los seres vivos eran producto de su diseño.

  5. A journey toward wholeness, a journey to God: physical fitness as embodied spirituality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Tracey C; Delgado, Teresa

    2013-09-01

    Physical fitness expressed through exercise can be, if done with the right intention, a form of spiritual discipline that reflects the relational love of humanity to God as well as an expression of a healthy love of the embodied self. Through an analysis of the physiological benefits of exercise science applied to the human body, this paper will demonstrate how such attention to the optimal physical fitness of the body, including weight and cardiovascular training and nutrition, is an affirmation of three foundational theological principles of human embodiment: as created in the "imago Dei", as unified body/spirit, and as part of God's creation calling for proper stewardship. In a contemporary climate where women's bodies in particular are viewed through the lens of commodification-as visual objects for sale based on prescribed notions of superficial esthetics and beauty-as well as the consistently high rates of eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and obesity, authors Greenwood and Delgado offer a vision of how women and men can imagine a subjective relationship with their own bodies that reflects the abundant love of God for God's creation. Spoken from the lived experience of professional fitness competitor and trainer, as well as trained biokineticist, Dr. Greenwood presents the most current scientific data in the field of biokinetics that grounds the theological analysis offered by Dr. Delgado, whose personal journey through anorexia and scholarly emphasis on Christian theological anthropology inform this work. Taken together, Greenwood and Delgado suggest a response to God's love for humanity, including our physical bodily humanity, which entails a responsibility to attend to the physical fitness of our bodies in order to live into the fullness, flourishing and love of God's creation as God intended.

  6. Relationships between God and people in the Bible: a core conflictual relationship theme study of the Pentateuch/Torah.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popp, Carol A; Luborsky, Lester; Andrusyna, Tomasz P; Cotsonis, George; Seligman, David

    2002-01-01

    The most widely known images of God are from the Bible. An important characteristic of these images is their portrayal of God's interactions with people. Although there have been many religious and literary discussions of God's relationships with people in the Bible, no systematic psychological assessment has been reported. Therefore, the aim of this study was an innovation: to identify patterns of relationship between God and people portrayed in the first five books of the Bible, the Pentateuch or Torah, by using the core conflictual relationship theme (CCRT) method, a widely used scoring system for the assessment of interpersonal relationships. Reliability for the application of the CCRT method to relationship episode narratives in the Pentateuch/Torah was assessed and found to be very good. Results show that the most frequent theme in relationship episode narratives about God and people is that God is helpful. Two less frequent but also highly repetitive themes are that God controls or hurts the other person. Many differences were found between relationship themes defined by the type of person with whom God interacted: patriarch, Moses, woman, non-Israelite, or not a non-Israelite. Thus, the CCRT results identify several different patterns of relationship between God and people.

  7. Forgotten Sunrise "Forgotten Sunrise. Behind The Abysmal Sky / Forever Sleeping Greystones". "The Moments When God Was Wrong" / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Forgotten Sunrise. Behind The Abysmal Sky / Forever Sleeping Greystones. [Tallinn] : Nailboard, 2009. Forgotten Sunrise. The Moments When God Was Wrong. [Tallinn] : Forgotten Sunrise, 2009. Uutest heliplaatidest

  8. Forgotten Sunrise "Forgotten Sunrise. Behind The Abysmal Sky / Forever Sleeping Greystones". "The Moments When God Was Wrong" / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Forgotten Sunrise. Behind The Abysmal Sky / Forever Sleeping Greystones. [Tallinn] : Nailboard, 2009. Forgotten Sunrise. The Moments When God Was Wrong. [Tallinn] : Forgotten Sunrise, 2009. Uutest heliplaatidest

  9. Comparing Landsat7 ETM+ and NAIP imagery for precision agriculture application in small scale farming: A case study in the south eastern part of Pittsylvania County, VA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohon, Robert Kevin, Jr.

    of the meaning of words and phrases as well as the syntax of the text is examined. Chapter 3 deals with the intratextual analysis in order to examine the connection between Ezek 36:27 and selected texts with similar vocabulary within the book of Ezekiel. In chapter 4, an intertextual study is undertaken to compare v. 27 with other selected texts in the OT with similar vocabulary for the purpose of exploring how the OT texts highlight Ezek 36:27. Chapter 5 deals with the intertextuality of Ezek 36:27 in selected extra-canonical Qumran Hebrew texts to investigate how the Spirit of God and obedience to the laws of God inform the concept of the Spirit of God and obedience to the laws of God in Ezek 36:27. In chapter 6, a theology of Ezek 36:27 is constructed based on the exegetical analysis and intratextual and intertextual investigation stated above. Conclusions. The conclusions reached by exegeting Ezek 36:27 are that: 1. The Spirit of God is God's Holy Spirit, a personal being, whom God gives to the Israelites so that they can have abundant life, for they lament that they have no life. The Spirit of God empowers or strengthens Israel to obey the laws of God of life and maintain the life they have received from the Spirit of God. 2. The statutes and judgments of God are the praxis or practical aspects of the principles of the ten words or commandments of God through which God made a covenant with Israel. As Israel obeys the laws of God, they fulfill the principle of the ten commandments of love to God and humanity. 3. God influences the mind and motivation of his people by his Spirit through the word of God as proclaimed by the prophet Ezekiel. By his Spirit, God wants to renew and soften their stony heart to be a heart of flesh in order for them to have new desires, motives, and purposes of observing his divine laws. 4. God "does" or acts through his Spirit for the sake of his holy name, characterized by grace, mercy, forbearance, love, faithfulness, and forgiveness

  10. “Use what God has given me”: Difference and disparity in breast reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, Jessica; Alderman, Amy; Pusic, Andrea L

    2014-01-01

    African-American women are significantly less likely to undergo postmastectomy breast reconstruction compared White women in the US. These observed differences have been interpreted as evidence of a healthcare disparity. The current study examines breast reconstruction decision-making among African-American women, locating reconstruction decisions in a context of culture, racial inequality, and biomedicalization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 African-American women who underwent mastectomy for breast cancer to add patient-centred perspectives to existing conceptualizations of racial/ethnic differences in reconstruction. Participants were socio-demographically diverse, and resided in the New York metropolitan area. Data analysis was informed by grounded theory. Spiritually and culturally-informed body ethics often guided surgery decisions. Participants expressed reservations about breast implants, preferring autologous procedures that use “what God has given.” For some, breast reconstruction restored a sense of normalcy after cancer; others challenged an imperative to reconstruct. Several participants redirected our focus on access to reconstruction toward access to alternatives, noting the low reimbursement for prostheses, or their unavailability in patients' skin tones. We suggest that a framework of “stratified biomedicalization” better addresses the complexities of race, class, and gender that inform preference, access, and recommendations for breast reconstruction, and focuses attention on access to high and lower-tech interventions. PMID:23557084

  11. Image (of God as ethical injunction: A social-scientific perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. van Staden

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking cognizance of the fact that language - especially metaphorical language - can be expressive of deeplying cultural or religious symbol sets in man, the study explores the  possible original content of the syntagma εἰΚὼν ΤΟῦ θεΟῦ in both the Old and the New Testament. It is argued that there is a definite shift in the symbol set of which the concept (metaphor 'image of God' is expressive. Whilst the Old Testament usage of the term probably attests to the conviction that humankind is part of the genus God and may even resemble him physically, the New Testament substitutes Jesus Christ for man as the primary carrier of the 'image of God'. Humankind in general does not reflect that image any more. It is only to be found in those who through faith in Jesus Christ regain the image of God. Our thesis is that the concept of 'image' is to be regarded as much an ethical injunction as it is an ontological state-ment. The faith of adherents to the community of believers finds expres-sion in distinctive behavior - that is, in conduct that clearly identifies them as reflecting the image of God.

  12. View of God as benevolent and forgiving or punishing and judgmental predicts HIV disease progression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ironson, Gail; Stuetzle, Rick; Ironson, Dale; Balbin, Elizabeth; Kremer, Heidemarie; George, Annie; Schneiderman, Neil; Fletcher, Mary Ann

    2011-12-01

    This study assessed the predictive relationship between View of God beliefs and change in CD4-cell and Viral Load (VL) in HIV positive people over an extended period. A diverse sample of HIVseropositive participants (N = 101) undergoing comprehensive psychological assessment and blood draws over the course of 4 years completed the View of God Inventory with subscales measuring Positive View (benevolent/forgiving) and Negative View of God (harsh/judgmental/punishing). Adjusting for initial disease status, age, gender, ethnicity, education, and antiretroviral medication (at every 6-month visit), a Positive View of God predicted significantly slower disease-progression (better preservation of CD4-cells, better control of VL), whereas a Negative View of God predicted faster disease-progression over 4 years. Effect sizes were greater than those previously demonstrated for psychosocial variables known to predict HIV-disease-progression, such as depression and coping. Results remained significant even after adjusting for church attendance and psychosocial variables (health behaviors, mood, and coping). These results provide good initial evidence that spiritual beliefs may predict health outcomes.

  13. God-Mediated Control and Change in Self-Rated Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Neal

    2010-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to see if feelings of God-mediated control are associated with change in self-rated health over time. In the process, an effort was made to see if a sense of meaning in life and optimism mediated the relationship between God-mediated control and change in health. The following hypothesized relationships were contained in the conceptual model that was developed to evaluate these issues: (1) people who go to church more often tend to have stronger God-mediated control beliefs than individuals who do not attend worship services as often; (2) people with a strong sense of God-mediated control are more likely to find a sense of meaning in life and be more optimistic than individuals who do not have a strong sense of God-mediated control; (3) people who are optimistic and who have a strong sense of meaning in life will rate their health more favorably over time than individuals who are not optimistic, as well as individuals who have not found a sense of meaning in life. Data from a longitudinal nationwide survey of older adults provided support for each of these hypotheses.

  14. Playing God in Frankenstein's Footsteps: Synthetic Biology and the Meaning of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Belt, Henk

    2009-12-01

    The emergent new science of synthetic biology is challenging entrenched distinctions between, amongst others, life and non-life, the natural and the artificial, the evolved and the designed, and even the material and the informational. Whenever such culturally sanctioned boundaries are breached, researchers are inevitably accused of playing God or treading in Frankenstein's footsteps. Bioethicists, theologians and editors of scientific journals feel obliged to provide an authoritative answer to the ambiguous question of the 'meaning' of life, both as a scientific definition and as an explication with wider existential connotations. This article analyses the arguments mooted in the emerging societal debates on synthetic biology and the way its practitioners respond to criticism, mostly by assuming a defiant posture or professing humility. It explores the relationship between the 'playing God' theme and the Frankenstein motif and examines the doctrinal status of the 'playing God' argument. One particularly interesting finding is that liberal theologians generally deny the religious character of the 'playing God' argument-a response which fits in with the curious fact that this argument is used mainly by secular organizations. Synthetic biology, it is therefore maintained, does not offend so much the God of the Bible as a deified Nature. While syntheses of artificial life forms cause some vague uneasiness that life may lose its special meaning, most concerns turn out to be narrowly anthropocentric. As long as synthetic biology creates only new microbial life and does not directly affect human life, it will in all likelihood be considered acceptable.

  15. Godly play: an intervention for improving physical, emotional, and spiritual responses of chronically ill hospitalized children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Joan; Cope, Scott Brooks; Cooper, James H; Mathias, Leigh

    2008-01-01

    An experimental two-group comparison pilot study of forty chronically ill hospitalized children was carried out at Wolfson Children's Hospital in Jacksonville, Florida. Three Godly Play interventions were given to participants in the experimental group. Children in the control group did not participate but received a fairy tale book as a control. The sample was evenly distributed with twenty (20) males and twenty (20) females. Ages ranged from six (6) to fifteen (15) years and all participants were chronically ill. Five (5) variables were studied. Of the five (5), three (3) showed significant differences before and after Godly Play: the Staic-Trait Anxiety Scale (p = .049), the Children's Depression Inventory (p = .011), and the McBride Spirituality Assessment (p = .033). A marginal difference in parent satisfaction with hospital care of children in the experimental and control groups was also determined (p = .058). Findings suggest that Godly Play had a significant effect on anxiety, depression, and spirituality of children and support the idea that the parents of children who participated in Godly Play were more satisfied with hospital care than those parents whose children did not engage in Godly Play.

  16. The relationship between core self-evaluations, views of god, and intrinsic/extrinsic religious motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smither, James W; Walker, Alan G

    2015-04-01

    Core self-evaluations refer to a higher-order construct that subsumes four well-established traits in the personality literature: self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, (low) neuroticism, and (internal) locus of control. Studies that have examined the relationship between various measures of religiosity and individual components of core self-evaluations show no clear pattern of relationships. The absence of a clear pattern may be due to the failure of most previous studies in this area to use theory to guide research. Therefore, theories related to core self-evaluations, religious motivation, and views of God were used to develop and test four hypotheses. 220 adults completed measures of four religious attitudes (intrinsic religious motivation, extrinsic religious motivation, viewing God as loving, and viewing God as punitive), general religiosity, and core self-evaluations, separated by 6 weeks (with the order of measures counterbalanced). Multivariate multiple regression, controlling for general religiosity, showed that core self-evaluations were positively related to viewing God as loving, negatively related to viewing God as punitive, and negatively related to extrinsic religious motivation. The hypothesis that core self-evaluations would be positively related to intrinsic religious motivation was not supported.

  17. God, Moses and Levinas: On being the other and relating to the other. A perspective on transcendence from religious experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.P. Veldsman

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Within the context of religious experience, understood as testimony to transcendence (Stoker, this article focus on a specific constitutive element thereof, namely intentionality. It is discussed as concept in relation to three other concepts, namely religious experience, experience and transcendence. To elaborate on the importance of the qualification of the concept of intentionality, three conversation partners are engaged. The French Jewish philosopher and Talmudic commentator Emmanuel Levinas (1906-1995 since his view point on “The (Oother” makes the concept of “transcendence” problematic in a very insightful manner. The Dutch philosopher of religion Wessel Stoker and his proposal for “trans-intentionality” as a constitutive element of religious experience, and the experience of Moses with God as narrated in Ex 3. The contributions on transcendence by Levinas and Stoker are finally critically evaluated in relation to the Moses experience.

    And God said to Moses: “I will be who I will be” (Ex 3:14

    For if God is God, then it is impossible for God to be given in any intuition orphenomenal experience, to be contained by any concept governed by any principal. But it is this very impossibility – this infinity and incomprehensibility – that makes God “possible” as God. God alone lets God self be defined by indefinable impossibility, for God begins where human possibility ends. What is impossible for us is precisely God’s characteristic possibility, for with God nothing is impossible (Jean-Luc Marion

    Divinity is not transcendent (“wholly other”, but incarnate; and the incarnation, the event “inaugurating the dissolution of divine transcendence” (Gianni Vattimo.

  18. Knowledge, innate concepts, and the justification for the belief in god

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakimelahi Abdolmajid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The epistemological approach of evidentialism maintains that a belief must have sufficient evidence in order to be rationally justified. The belief in God is no exception and, hence, it too must pass the litmus test of evidence as a measure of its rational justification. But what counts as evidence? Responding to this question and identifying the nature of the evidence that can be used to justify belief has become a point of contention between philosophers. While some evidentialists have denied the possibility of evidence for the belief in God, others have attacked the very basis of the evidentialist claim by promoting belief in God without evidence. The following paper briefly describes these two currents and culminates by discussing the notion of innate concepts and presential knowledge as proposed by Mulla Sadra. According to the authors, this type of presential knowledge can be included as 'evidence' even from the evidentialist point of view which does not limit evidence to conceptual knowledge.

  19. Vrou as beeld van God: Vanaf die Reformasie tot die twintigste eeu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Dreyer

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Woman created in the image of God: From the Reformation through the twentieth century. The purpose of this artirle is to trace how woman has been represented in the history of theology, in the period stretching from the Renaissance to the feminist movement of the twentieth century, as the image of God. The focus is on the views of Luther, Calvin, Schleiermacher, Bonhoefer, Brunner and Barth. As far as the feminist movement is concerned, attention is paid in particular to the views of Daly, Coll and Ruether. The discussion proceeds from the presupposition that, apart from the master narrative (the patriarchal-hierarchical perspective, acounter-narrative (a more egalitarian perspective is also present in the Bible.These two perspectives form the criterion according to which woman as image of God has been traced in the history of theology. The article has been written with a view to pastoral interaction with women.

  20. Feelings of Gratitude Toward God Among Older Whites, Older African Americans, and Older Mexican Americans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Neal

    2012-03-01

    The first goal of this study is to see if social relationships in the church influence feelings of gratitude toward God. The second goal is to assess the impact of race and ethnicity on this relationship. The data support the following hypotheses: (1) older people who go to church more often tend to receive more spiritual support from fellow church members; (2) older adults who receive more spiritual support at church will derive a deeper understanding of themselves and others; (3) older people who develop greater insight into themselves and others will derive a greater sense of religious meaning in life; and (4) older adults who develop a deeper sense of religious meaning in life will feel more grateful to God. The results also indicate that the study model explains how feelings of gratitude toward God arise among older blacks and whites, but not older Mexican Americans.

  1. Adolescents' relationship with God and internalizing adjustment over time: the moderating role of maternal religious coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goeke-Morey, Marcie C; Taylor, Laura K; Merrilees, Christine E; Shirlow, Peter; Cummings, E Mark

    2014-12-01

    A growing literature supports the importance of understanding the link between religiosity and youths' adjustment and development, but in the absence of rigorous, longitudinal designs, questions remain about the direction of effect and the role of family factors. This paper investigates the bidirectional association between adolescents' relationship with God and their internalizing adjustment. Results from 2-wave, SEM cross-lag analyses of data from 667 mother/adolescent dyads in Belfast, Northern Ireland (50% male, M age = 15.75 years old) supports a risk model suggesting that greater internalizing problems predict a weaker relationship with God 1 year later. Significant moderation analyses suggest that a stronger relationship with God predicted fewer depression and anxiety symptoms for youth whose mothers used more religious coping.

  2. Relating with God Contributes to Variance in Happiness, over that from Personality and Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Fisher

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A previous study on university students reported that personal, communal, and environmental spiritual well-being contributed to happiness over and above personality but that relating with God did not. In this study, happiness was assessed using a modified Oxford Happiness Inventory. Personality scores were obtained using forms of Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire. Four domains of spiritual well-being were determined using Fisher’s Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire. Relationship with God was reflected by the Transcendental domain of spiritual well-being in this instrument. Studies with 466 university students from Australia, Northern Ireland, and England, 494 people attending churches in Ballarat, and 1002 secondary school students in Victoria showed that relating with God accounts for variance on happiness, over and above personality, and age.

  3. Outsourcing punishment to God: beliefs in divine control reduce earthly punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurin, Kristin; Shariff, Azim F; Henrich, Joseph; Kay, Aaron C

    2012-08-22

    The sanctioning of norm-transgressors is a necessary--though often costly--task for maintaining a well-functioning society. Prior to effective and reliable secular institutions for punishment, large-scale societies depended on individuals engaging in 'altruistic punishment'--bearing the costs of punishment individually, for the benefit of society. Evolutionary approaches to religion suggest that beliefs in powerful, moralizing Gods, who can distribute rewards and punishments, emerged as a way to augment earthly punishment in large societies that could not effectively monitor norm violations. In five studies, we investigate whether such beliefs in God can replace people's motivation to engage in altruistic punishment, and their support for state-sponsored punishment. Results show that, although religiosity generally predicts higher levels of punishment, the specific belief in powerful, intervening Gods reduces altruistic punishment and support for state-sponsored punishment. Moreover, these effects are specifically owing to differences in people's perceptions that humans are responsible for punishing wrongdoers.

  4. Spreken is zilver, horen is goud - Over de preek als Woord van God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Ruard Ganzevoort

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The connection of the sermon and the word of God has been a topic of much debate. This paper explores the significance and problematic aspects of the understanding of the sermon as a word of God. The Barthian notion that we have to speak God� s word yet are unable to do so offers a dialectic interpretation that leaves the preacher and the congregation vulnerable. The problem lies, according to this paper, not so much in connecting the sermon and the word of God, but in the fact that this connection is sought in the act op speaking. The act of hearing the sermon might be a much more suitable category of understanding the connection.

  5. Attachment to God and Forgiveness among Iranian Adolescents with Conduct Disorder at Tehran Reformatory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Salmanian

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Conduct disorder is characterized with aggressive behaviors, deceitfulness or theft, destruction of property and serious violations of rules, prior to age 18 years. Attachment to God is a relationship with God that reveals aspects of individual thought. Secure attachment is associated with an increased ability to forgive. Various studies indicated the association between insecure attachment and delinquency and criminal behavior. The aim of this study was to evaluate the attachment to God and forgiveness in adolescents with conduct disorder at Tehran reformatory.Materials and Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. The attachment to God and Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Scale--12-Item Form (TRIM-12, were completed by 60 adolescents between 14 -18 years old with conduct disorder, with or without substance abuse disorders, and ADHD, at Tehran reformatory. Descriptive statistics and linear regression methods was used to analyze the data in SPSS-16.Results: The results showed that anxiety and avoidant attachments to God and avoidance and revenge motivations in adolescents with conduct disorder are high. A history of addiction, criminality, and mental disorders among family members predicted increasing avoidant attachment to God among this group of adolescents in the univariate model. Also, parental divorce and attention deficit-hyperactivity variables predicted increased revenge motivation in the univariate model, and unemployed father predicted avoidance motivation, in the multivariate model.Conclusion: There is a defect in the ability to forgive in adolescents with insecure attachment and conduct disorder, there are basic requirements for the design of interventions and spiritual treatment programs specifically for this group of adolescents.

  6. Conscientizacion of the Oppressed Language and the Politics of Humor in Ana Castillo's "So Far from God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thananopavarn, Susan

    2012-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between Ana Castillo's novel "So Far from God" (1993) and her development of an activist poetics inspired by Paulo Freire's influential 1970 treatise "Pedagogy of the Oppressed." "So Far from God" may be understood as the practical application of Castillo's theory of "conscienticized poetics"; that is, the…

  7. Assessing the Role of Attachment to God, Meaning, and Religious Coping as Mediators in the Grief Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Melissa M.; Chan, Keith T.

    2012-01-01

    Research has examined the relationship of styles of attachment to others and meaning with grief and the stress-related growth process. Less has been written on styles of attachment to God and patterns of religious coping and how these constructs may impact adjustment in persons dealing with loss. This study examines the roles of attachment to God,…

  8. [Pharmacotherapeutical efficiency of the dry extract "Ce-god-5" in liver injury induced by CCl4 in white rats].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dashinamzhilov, Zh B; Turtuev, C D

    2014-01-01

    It has been established that the complex plant remedy "Ce-god-5" possesses the marked hepatoprotective effect in liver injury induced by CCl4 in white rats. The ability to inhibit the processes of lipid peroxidation and stimulate antioxidant system of the body is a basic mechanism of hepatoprotective activity of "Ce-god-5".

  9. Assessing the Role of Attachment to God, Meaning, and Religious Coping as Mediators in the Grief Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Melissa M.; Chan, Keith T.

    2012-01-01

    Research has examined the relationship of styles of attachment to others and meaning with grief and the stress-related growth process. Less has been written on styles of attachment to God and patterns of religious coping and how these constructs may impact adjustment in persons dealing with loss. This study examines the roles of attachment to God,…

  10. Conscientizacion of the Oppressed Language and the Politics of Humor in Ana Castillo's "So Far from God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thananopavarn, Susan

    2012-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between Ana Castillo's novel "So Far from God" (1993) and her development of an activist poetics inspired by Paulo Freire's influential 1970 treatise "Pedagogy of the Oppressed." "So Far from God" may be understood as the practical application of Castillo's theory of "conscienticized poetics"; that is, the…

  11. When Naturalism and Creationism Clash: Can a Person Believe in Both God and Evolution?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Murat DENIZ

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Theory of evolution is identified with naturalistic view of science itself and considered by many people as a sound basis for atheism. And any alternative is automatically disqualified as unscientific and metaphysical. I would say that the battle is really between two worldviews: naturalism in its philosophical form and theism in the widest sense. It is open to debate whether a scientific theory like evolution has right to make a metaphysical claim that God does not exist. My paper calls attention to the conflict between naturalism and creationism and asserts that theory of evolution alone does not exclude belief in God of Theism.

  12. Healing and Belonging: Godly Play in Pediatric Medicine and the Theology of Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eddins, Sharon Lynn; Grogan, Nancy; Frick, Brandon

    2014-09-01

    Godly Play can serve as an effective therapeutic and spiritual intervention for children experiencing physical, emotional, and/or spiritual stress. As many pediatric healthcare providers note, this type of intervention is an important component to a child's healing. This article situates Wolfson Children's Hospital's practice of Godly Play within two larger discussions that advocate for improved care for children with mental and physical impairments and concludes that this practice provides insight for the church and society to create a world in which children with mental and physical impairments belong.

  13. Perceived relationship with God fosters positive body image in college women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Kristin J; Cavanaugh, Brianna N

    2013-12-01

    Positive body image is defined as healthy body-related attitudes that go beyond the absence of distressful symptoms. A warm and secure relationship with an important other person has been linked with attitudes of acceptance and appreciation toward one's body as well as adaptive eating patterns. This study tested whether a warm and secure relationship with God was similarly related to positive body image. Undergraduate women completed self-report measures of religiosity, life satisfaction, body appreciation, body acceptance by others, functional orientation, and intuitive eating. Multiple regression analyses showed that relationship with God contributed variance to most of the well-being variables.

  14. What's God Got to Do with It? How Religiosity Predicts Atheists' Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speed, David; Fowler, Ken

    2016-02-01

    The relationship between atheism and health is poorly understood within the Religion/Spirituality-health literature. While the extant literature promotes the idea that Attendance, Prayer, and Religiosity are connected to positive health outcomes, these relationships have not been established when controlling for whether a person is an atheist. Data from the 2008-2012 American General Social Survey (n = 3210) were used to investigate this relationship. Results indicated that atheists experienced Religiosity more negatively than non-atheists. Additionally, results demonstrated that non-belief in God was not related to better or worse perceived global health, suggesting that belief in God is not inherently linked to better reported health.

  15. Is God (inkonsekwent? Heerskappy, oorweging en aanspreeklikheid in die Dawidsgeskiedenis in die boeke van Samuel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaap L. Helberg

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available As ’n eenheid openbaar die Samuelboeke die aanspreeklikheid van mense in hulle verhouding tot mekaar en tot God. Hierdie artikel ondersoek die vraag na God se konsekwentheid wat ook die vraag impliseer of alles onder sy heerskappy plaasvind. Die bevinding is dat alles onder God se allesoorkoepelende, vrymagtige en persoonlike heerskappy gebeur. Vir die beperkte menslike oorweging is dit geheel en al onpeilbaar anders. Dit is nie ’n nuutskepping oor sy Woord wat die lig bring nie, maar die nuutontdekking in sy Woord. Hy laat reg en geregtigheid geld, maar in ’n nog sterker mate ook sy genade. Uiteindelik is sy konsekwentheid – ‘die dwaasheid van die kruis’ – ten volle geopenbaar in die verwagte Messias, Jesus Christus. In die huidige stukkende werklikheid oefen God ook sy heerskappy uit deur persone wat hulle eie agendas het, selfs bose agendas. So laat Hy gelowiges tot selfontdekking, berou en bekering oor hulle sonde kom. Hulle leef met kinderlike vertroue op God en volgens die groot gebod van die liefde.The books of Samuel as a unity reveal the accountability of people in their relations to each other and to God. This article explores the issue of God’s consistency, including the question whether everything happens under his reign. The finding is that everything happens under his all-embracing, all-powerful and personal sovereignty, which is unfathomable by the limited human deliberation. It is not a new creation about his Word which brings the light, but the new discovery in his Word. He asserts justice, and to an even greater extent, his grace. His consistency – ‘the foolishness of the cross’ – is ultimately fully revealed in the expected Messiah, Jesus Christ. In the present broken reality God also asserts his sovereignty through people who have their own agendas, even evil agendas. Thus, He brings believers to self-discovery, remorse and repentance from their sins. They live with childlike trust in God and according

  16. Theology chronicle: Images of God in the Old Testament: Yahweh � loving father and mother

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Groenewald

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This theology chronicle proceeds from the Marcionite idea of the cruel God of the Old Testament. This idea today is still well and alive with church members, and even with students of Biblical Studies and Theology. The author then takes the reader on a short journey through some of the most sublime love texts in the Old Testament, portraying Yahweh (the God of Israel as a loving father and even as a loving mother/wife. The article concludes with an appeal towards the reader to once again discover the beauty of the Old Testament as well as Old Testament texts.

  17. The God particle if the universe is the answer, what is the question?

    CERN Document Server

    Lederman, Leon Max

    1993-01-01

    In this extraordinarily accessible and enormously witty book, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Leon Lederman guides us on a fascinating tour of the history of particle physics. The book takes us from the Greeks' earliest scientific observations through Einstein and beyond in an inspiring celebration of human curiosity. It ends with the quest for the Higgs boson, nicknamed the God Particle, which scientists hypothesize will help unlock the last secrets of the subatomic universe. With a new preface by Lederman, The God Particle will leave you marveling at our continuing pursuit of the infinites

  18. Experimental findings on God as an attachment figure: normative processes and moderating effects of internal working models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granqvist, Pehr; Mikulincer, Mario; Gewirtz, Vered; Shaver, Phillip R

    2012-11-01

    Four studies examined implications of attachment theory for psychological aspects of religion among Israeli Jews. Study 1 replicated previous correlational findings indicating correspondence among interpersonal attachment orientations, attachment to God, and image of God. Studies 2-4 were subliminal priming experiments, which documented both normative and individual-difference effects. Regarding normative effects, findings indicated that threat priming heightened cognitive access to God-related concepts in a lexical decision task (Study 2); priming with "God" heightened cognitive access to positive, secure base-related concepts in the same task (Study 3); and priming with a religious symbol caused neutral material to be better liked (Study 4). Regarding individual differences, interpersonal attachment-related avoidance reduced the normative effects (i.e., avoidant participants had lower implicit access to God as a safe haven and secure base). Findings were mostly independent of level of religiousness. The present experiments considerably extend the psychological literature on connections between attachment constructs and aspects of religion.

  19. Trust in the Almighty God from the Viewpoint of Psychology and its Relationship with Self-Confidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayyedali Mostajaboldavati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Religious behaviors, among which Trust in the Almighty God is a major representation, play a key role in giving meaning to life, generation of hope, and mental relaxation. The present study was conducted aimed at examination of the subject Trust in the Almighty God and analysis of the concept Trust from the perspective of psychology, delineating its relationship with self-confidence. In this study, therefore, Trust in the Almighty God is addressed from three cognitive, mental, and behavioral dimensions as well as mental etymology of Trust in the Almighty God and the relationship between trust and self-confidence. Methods: This study is a review-descriptive research that has made use of library and digital resources to collect its required data. Results: In examination of the subject Trust in the Almighty God from the viewpoint of psychology and delineation of the relationship between trust and self-confidence, it is found that trust in the Almighty God is not a barrier to self-confidence. What is more, it is an effective factor in its recovery, stabilization, and reinforcement. Conclusion: Religious behaviors, among which Trust in the Almighty God is a major representation, play a key role in giving meaning to life, generation of hope, and mental relaxation. Psychologically speaking, Trust in the Almighty God has three cognitive, mental, and behavioral dimensions. Cognitive aspect of trust in the Almighty God is associated with understanding the creator-creature relationship, the world, and the phenomena in the universe. In the emotional aspect, humankinds, relying on the Almighty God’s power, feel an inner serenity within themselves. Finally, application of this intrinsic force is materialized in the behavioral dimension of trust in the Almighty God.

  20. ‘An augury of the world’s ruin’ and the making of the tragic hero in Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignatius Chukwumah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God has been adjudged by critics as a tragic work with Ezeulu as its tragic hero. However, none of these studies has paid detailed attention to the framing of Ezeulu in the historical context of his age. How he appears when compared to a classical Greek tragic hero has also been ignored. A major context giving rise to Ezeulu becoming a tragic hero is the period leading to the synthesis of two contrary histories, juxtaposed discourses and the collision of opposites and contraries in the sociocultural and political sphere of the villages of Umuaro and Okperi. This circumstance is captured by the narrator as ‘an augury of the world’s ruin’, by Nwaka as ‘the white man turned us upside down’ and by Ezeulu as ‘the world is spoilt and there is no longer head or tail in anything that is done’. Allen, an earlier District Commissioner in Things Fall Apart, but textually implicated in Arrow of God, terms it ‘great situations’. The above historical context requires more than mastery and acknowledgement by the tragic figure, in the absence of which he, a self-professed knowledgeable person, becomes a victim of what he failed to take into account. Consequently, he is set aside as a specimen for history and other men. This article will use Hegel’s and Aristotle’s theories of history and of tragedy, respectively, to explicate the above. It concludes that the tragic hero of Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God is substantially the victim of the clash between Umuaro’s history and Hegel’s History.’n Teken van die wêreld se ondergang en die skepping van die tragiese held in Chinua Achebe se Arrow of God. Chinua Achebe se boek, Arrow of God, word deur kritici beskryf as ’n tragedie met die karakter Ezeulu as held. Niemand het egter noukeurige aandag geskenk aan hoe Ezeulu inpas in die gapings van botsende geskiedenisse soos vergestalt in die mens ten opsigte van hulle optredes, houdings, vrese en begeertes nie. Hoe

  1. Do not play God: contrasting effects of deontological guilt and pride on decision-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancini, Alessandra; Mancini, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Recent accounts support the existence of two distinct feelings of guilt: altruistic guilt (AG), arising from the appraisal of not having been altruistic toward a victim and deontological guilt (DG), emerging from the appraisal of having violated an intuitive moral rule. Neuroimaging data has shown that the two guilt feelings trigger different neural networks, with DG selectively activating the insula, a brain area involved in the processing of disgust and self-reproach. Thus, insula activation could reflect the major involvement of self-reproach in DG rather than in AG. However, only a few studies have empirically tested whether and how DG and AG differently affect decision making and none have compared enhanced self-worth. Here we asked three groups of participants, respectively, induced with either pride, DG or AG, to participate in a third-party version of the ultimatum game in which they were asked to decide on behalf of others to accept or reject economic offers with several degrees of fairness. Results revealed that only deontological participants had higher median acceptances of Moderately Unfair offers as compared to proud participants. However fairness judgments were not different between groups, suggesting that deontological participants' moral standards had not decreased. Crucially, a higher increase in DG was associated with an increase in the odds of accepting 30:70 offers. The opposite effects that DG and pride exert on self-worth can account for these results. Specifically, proud participants felt entitled enough to take action in order to restore equity, while deontological participants followed the "Do not play God" principle, which limited their decisional autonomy, not allowing them to decide on behalf of others.

  2. Do not play God: contrasting effects of deontological guilt and pride on decision-making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra eMancini

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Recent accounts support the existence of two distinct feelings of guilt: altruistic guilt, arising from the appraisal of not having been altruistic towards a victim and deontological guilt, emerging from the appraisal of having violated an intuitive moral rule. Neuroimaging data has shown that the two guilt feelings trigger different neural networks, with deontological guilt selectively activating the insula, a brain area involved in the processing of disgust and self-reproach. Thus, insula activation could reflect the major involvement of self-reproach in deontological guilt rather than in altruistic guilt. However, only a few studies have empirically tested whether and how deontological and altruistic guilt differently affect decision making and none have compared enhanced self-worth. Here we asked three groups of participants, respectively induced with either pride, deontological or altruistic guilt, to participate in a third–party version of the ultimatum game in which they were asked to decide on behalf of others to accept or reject economic offers with several degrees of fairness. Results revealed that only deontological participants had higher median acceptances of Moderately Unfair offers as compared to proud participants. However fairness judgments were not different between groups, suggesting that deontological participants’ moral standards had not decreased. Crucially, a higher increase in deontological guilt was associated with an increase in the odds of accepting 30:70 offers. The opposite effects that deontological guilt and pride exert on self-worth can account for these results. Specifically, proud participants felt entitled enough to take action in order to restore equity, while deontological participants followed the Do not play God principle, which limited their decisional autonomy, not allowing them to decide on behalf of others.

  3. St. Maxim the Confessor’s Doctrine of the Image and Likeness to God in Man: Aspect of Synergia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malkov Petr

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available St. Maximus the Confessor makes a distinction between “image” and “likeness” to God in man. The “image of God” pertains to human nature in general, whereas the “likeness to God” is a realisation and fulfillment of this “image” in each particular hypostasis. Likeness to God is a result of personal hypostatic effort; at the same time, likeness to God is the act of synergia of God and man, since it is accomplished by divine energies on the one hand and by a free human decision — gnomic will — on the other. Gnomic will is an important means in the achievement of likeness to God, but this hypostatic gnomic will is not innate in a human being. It is directly related to the events of the Fall and as such it should come to an end; in the eschatological future only natural human will is to remain. St. Maximus the Confessor builds his anthropology on the vocation of human beings to Theosis. Drawing a distinction between the image of God and likeness to God, St. Maximus sees the state of Theosis as an opportunity for the fulfi llment of the “image”. Achievement of the likeness to God elevates a Christian to Theosis, though St. Maximus differentiates these two notions. Theosis is entirely a gift of God, which makes it different from likeness to God, as it is not synergia of God and man but entirely the effect of Divine energies in human nature. In the eschatological future, this intrinsic unity of deifying grace with the nature of those deified — Theosis — will result in “de-activation” of energia of human nature, when the holy will freely yield their selfdominion to God, who will be the only one to act in them. However, since the notion of “likeness” is closely connected in St. Maximus’ doctrine with the hypostatic, unique and personal manner of human existence, an assumption can be made that the perfect “likeness” of deified Christians to God in the eschatological future will be the basic prerequisite

  4. Using the Movie, "The Gods Must Be Crazy," in Interpersonal Communications Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchey, David

    Opening in 1981 to moviegoers in Japan, France, and the United States, "The Gods Must Be Crazy" became an international hit. Set in Botswana, the film covers a relatively small geographic area yet nevertheless can open classroom discussions about how many cultures and how much cultural diversity can exist in a small area. It has three main groups…

  5. Representations of God in Icons. Immanence and Transcendence in Christian Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isbasoiu Iulian

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Human desire to be in a more natural relationship with God, his Creator, caused the former to find different means of communication. In addition to the liturgical expression, materialized in prayer, another way of interaction is represented by the icon. The icon and through the icon, Heaven and earth, God and the members of the triumphant Church and the ones of the militant Church meet and communicate. The iconographic representation of God, symbols, events and holy Persons, gave rise to much controversy in history, which triggered a major conflict in the life of the Church, culminating in the eighth century iconoclastic dispute. The Seventh Ecumenical Council solved this dispute and placed the icon in its natural spiritual position. In the present study we will analyze and contrast how people have understood the freedom of representing the image of God the Father in icons, an issue which caused disputes and reactions due to exaggerations in artistic expression and misunderstandings linked to the limits of such representation. This evolution is considered historically in the Christian world, East and West, which shows either an exaggerated tolerance of representation or an extreme conservatism leading to the prohibition of painting an anthropomorphic image of the Father. We will also study the recommendations of in the textbooks of Christian erminia and we will present examples of Romanian iconographic art.

  6. Het boeck der natuere : Nederlandse geleerden en de wonderen van Gods schepping, 1575-1715

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jorink, Henricus Gerardus Maria

    2004-01-01

    Nederlandse wetenschapsbeoefening in de Gouden Eeuw was veel minder pragmatisch en praktijkgericht dan wordt gedacht. De natuur werd niet bestudeerd om de wetenschap op een hoger plan te brengen, maar juist om God beter te kunnen eren. Dit concludeert historicus drs. Eric Jorink. Hij promoveert op 1

  7. God and country: the partisan psychology of the presidency, religion, and nation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sheets, P.; Domke, D.S.; Greenwald, A.G.

    2011-01-01

    Overt love of God and country have seemingly been prerequisites to be president in the United States in recent decades, if not always. Indeed, the 2008 presidential race was replete with campaign messages showcasing such perspectives—that Barack Obama and John McCain were religiously faithful and de

  8. In the Classroom: Gifted Students, Philosophy--and the Existence of God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, David A.

    2000-01-01

    This article discusses the use of the philosophical argument from design as a demonstration of the existence of God with gifted students in grades 6-8. It explains how this argument, originated by Thomas Aquinas, is presented to students and also describes student responses and curricular integration of Aquinas'"fifth way" into language arts,…

  9. Teaching Religion in Public Schools: Review of Warren A. Nord, "Does God Make a Difference?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Walter

    2013-01-01

    In this review of Warren Nord's "Does God Make a Difference? Taking Religion Seriously in Our Schools and Universities," Walter Feinberg provides a detailed analysis of Nord's argument that the study of religion should be constitutionally mandated as a corrective to the overwhelmingly secular course of study offered in…

  10. Teaching Religion in Public Schools: Review of Warren A. Nord, "Does God Make a Difference?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Walter

    2013-01-01

    In this review of Warren Nord's "Does God Make a Difference? Taking Religion Seriously in Our Schools and Universities," Walter Feinberg provides a detailed analysis of Nord's argument that the study of religion should be constitutionally mandated as a corrective to the overwhelmingly secular course of study offered in…

  11. Nihilism and Education in Heidegger's Essay: "Nietzsche's Word: "God Is Dead"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrmantraut, Michael

    2016-01-01

    In the "Rectoral Address", of 1933, Martin Heidegger indicates that the crisis of the West, articulated by Nietzsche as the "death of God", was a central concern in his attempt to rethink and reform higher education in 1933-1934. While Heidegger soon thereafter appears to have abandoned serious efforts at any practical…

  12. Paul and God's temple : a historical interpretation of cultic imagery in the Corinthian correspondence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hogeterp, Albert Livinus Augustinus

    2004-01-01

    Paulus en Gods tempel. Een historische interpretatie van cultische beeldspraak in Paulus’ brieven aan de Korintiërs Aan het begin van mijn onderzoek naar cultische beeldspraak in Paulus’ brieven aan de Korintiërs heb ik de historische vraag gesteld wat de beelden van offer, priesterschap en tempel b

  13. Stress and Depression among Older Residents in Religious Monasteries: Do Friends and God Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Bishop J.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to explore how friendship and attachment to God provide protective benefits against stress and depression. Participants included 235 men and women, age 64 and older, residing in religious monasteries affiliated with the Order of St. Benedict. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were completed to assess…

  14. "Under God" and the Pledge of Allegiance: Examining a 1954 Sermon and Its Meaning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groce, Eric C.; Heafner, Tina; Bellows, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    A lesson exploring the Pledge of Allegiance, its history, and the addition of the phrase "under God," can serve as a jumping off point into major themes of U.S. history and First Amendment freedoms. Although the Pledge is ubiquitous in contemporary America, educators and students are often uninformed about the history and meaning of the…

  15. Attachment to God/Higher Power and Bulimic Symptoms among College Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buser, Juleen K.; Gibson, Sandy

    2016-01-01

    The authors examined the relationship between avoidant and anxious attachment to God/Higher Power and bulimia symptoms among 599 female college student participants. After controlling for body mass index, the authors found a positive association between both attachment variables and bulimia. When entered together in a regression, anxious…

  16. Investigating the Importance of Relating with God for School Students' Spiritual Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, John W.

    2010-01-01

    Fisher's spiritual well-being (SWB) questionnaires assessed students' levels of relationship in four domains, namely with themselves, others, the environment and with a Transcendent Other (commonly called God). Students also reported the extent to which different entities helped them develop relationships in the four domains of SWB. However,…

  17. Folklore in Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." [Lesson Plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002

    Zora Neale Hurston's work is lively, lyrical, funny, and poignant, but this consummate literary craftsperson was also a first-rate ethnographer, conducting field work for Franz Boas and for the Works Progress Administration (WPA). "Their Eyes Were Watching God," often acclaimed as Hurston's masterpiece, is perhaps the richest beneficiary…

  18. The Interest of Reason Is To Go Without God : Jacobi’s Polemic Against Philosophical Theology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkers, P.H.A.I.

    2014-01-01

    Jacobi’s polemics against philosophical theology is meant to show that neither Spinoza, nor Kant, nor Fichte nor Schelling have been able to think God as a person, that is as a free, intelligent being. In order to elucidate Jacobi’s position I focus on two less well-known texts of his, viz., A Few C

  19. Taking a Leap of Faith: Reminders of God Lead to Greater Risk Taking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chan, K.Q.; Tong, E.M.W.; Tan, Y.L.

    2014-01-01

    Recent psychological models of religion suggest that religious beliefs provide a form of psychological control. Independently, other research has found that an increase in psychological control can lead people to adopt riskier strategies. Hence, we hypothesized that activation of God concepts increa

  20. The Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Attitudes toward God and the Catholic Church.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Stephen J.

    1995-01-01

    This study explored effects of child sexual abuse by priests and other perpetrators on victims' trust in the Catholic Church, priesthood, and their relationship with God. Subjects were adult Catholics who had been sexually abused but not by a priest (n=307) or sexually abused by a priest (n=40) and 1,376 nonabused controls. Results highlight the…

  1. De macht van de dood en de kracht van God: Enkele Bijbelse perspectieven

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wim J.C. Weren

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The might of death and the power of God: Some biblical perspectives. This article investigates how the might of death and the power of God are related in biblical writings. Factually, there are various biblical images concerning this relationship. Four of them are discussed in this contribution. Firstly, according to many texts, there is no afterlife and God’s power is limited and he is not able to save people after they have died. Secondly, view is disputed in other texts in which it is emphasised that the life of people who are faithful to God and his Torah, will have an open ending. This hope is based on God’s power and not on an indestructible personal core or some divine dimension deep within human beings. Thirdly, the most well known idea is the concept of resurrection which originated in Judaism and emerged when in the second century BCE martyrs died because of their religious convictions. Fourthly, this model has been applied to Jesus, who after having been rescued from death by God, was placed in a position that in many respects is similar to God’s position. In this article recent discoveries about developments in biblical ideas about God’s and Jesus’ competence and functions are integrated.

  2. Het boeck der natuere : Nederlandse geleerden en de wonderen van Gods schepping, 1575-1715

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jorink, Henricus Gerardus Maria

    2004-01-01

    Nederlandse wetenschapsbeoefening in de Gouden Eeuw was veel minder pragmatisch en praktijkgericht dan wordt gedacht. De natuur werd niet bestudeerd om de wetenschap op een hoger plan te brengen, maar juist om God beter te kunnen eren. Dit concludeert historicus drs. Eric Jorink. Hij promoveert op

  3. The Power of Porch Talk in Their Eyes Were Watching God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李楠

    2013-01-01

    Porch talk, as a common setting in Their Eyes Were Watching God, is empowered by Zora Neale Hurston to make political and cultural assertion of African Americans and self-autonomy assertion of black female, providing the reader an authentic African American oral tradition and black heritage.

  4. Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the God Locus of Health Control (GLHC): A Study on Muslim Pilgrims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nabipour, Amir Reza; Nakhaee, Nouzar; Khanjani, Narges; Soltani, Maryam; Moradlou, Hossein Zirak; Soltani, Zahrasadat

    2016-12-28

    God Locus of Health Control (GHLC) scale is an instrument for assessing to what extent one believes that God controls his/her health or disease. The aim of this study was to describe the cultural adaptation of this scale and to investigate the psychometric properties of Persian version. At first, the scale was forward-translated to Persian, and then, backward-translation was conducted. Finally, the synthesized back-translated version was prepared and compared to the draft Persian-language version of the GLHC. In the next step, in order to test cognitive debriefing, the Persian-language version of the questionnaire was completed by 20 pilgrims. Final version of Persian GHLC scale was answered by 600 pilgrims attending religious holy places. Mean age of respondents was 33.15 (±11.04) years. There was a positive correlation between six items of GLHC scale and inter-item correlation coefficients. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.84. Exploratory factor analysis showed that the G LHC scale had a one-factor structure. The factor loadings for all items ranged from 0.57 to 0.77. Residual correlations of all items were between -0.2 and +0.2. The people with lower income had significantly higher score of GLHC scale. GLHC scale score had a significant positive correlation with DUREL subscale and MHLC Chance Externality subscale score. There was no a significant correlation between GLHC scale score and Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) Internality and Powerful subscales scores. The results of the present study showed that the Persian version of GHLC scale has acceptable factorial validity and internal consistency reliability.

  5. 论笛卡尔之上帝观%A Discussion on Descartes' view of Gods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张江婷

    2013-01-01

      笛卡尔的哲学体系包含几个重要的命题:“我思故我在”,“天赋观念说”、灵魂肉体两分说,这些都建立在他对上帝及其存在的论证上。“我思”推出“我在”,“我在”的不完满性推出必有完满的“上帝”,因此有上帝赋予我们灵魂的“天赋观念”,才使得人们从一无所知开始追求真理。笛卡尔肯定“上帝”的存在,肯定“上帝”是“永恒的、全知的、全能的、一切真与美的源头、天地万物的创造者”。所以笛卡尔不是反对“上帝”,而是对经院哲学和神学中宣扬的“上帝操纵人的一切”的观点的不满。他提倡理性,认为人们应该排除感性的干扰正确认识自己,理性的思考才能获取真正的知识,发现真理。%The philosophy of Descartes contains some important propositions, these are ego cogito ergo sum, Theory of innate ideas, the theory of soul and body, which are based on his demonstration of God and his existence. We can make inference that I think, so I am. "I" is not successful so there will have perfect "god". So there are innate idea that God has give us the soul that makes people to pursuit of truth from knowing nothing. Descartes admited"God"exists, he thought God is eternal, omniscient, omnipotent the source of all truth and beauty, the creator of the universe. Descartes is not against "god". He is not satisfied with the view of God controls all of the people publicize by scholasticism and theology. He advocates the rational and think people should exclude the perceptual interference and correctly understand their own. Only rational thinking could get true knowledge to find the truth.

  6. The Mediational Role of Psychological Basic Needs in the Relation Between Conception of God and Psychological Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Sebastiano; Gugliandolo, Maria C; Barberis, Nadia; Larcan, Rosalba

    2016-02-01

    Relatively few studies have examined the relationship between conception of God and psychological outcomes in a self-determination theory (SDT) framework. The aim of this study was to examine the role of basic psychological needs as a mediator of the association between conception of God and psychological outcomes. In a sample of 210 religious young adults, we found that the concept of a controlling God was positively associated with feelings of need frustration and depression, whilst the concept of an autonomy-supporting God was positively associated with feelings of need satisfaction and vitality. In turn, need satisfaction promoted feelings of vitality, whereas need frustration led to feelings of depression. The satisfaction of needs was a full mediator of the relationship between autonomy-supporting God and vitality, whilst the frustration of needs was a full mediator of the relationship between controlling God and depression. These findings are discussed in terms of SDT. We also discuss how future research may further increase our understanding of the dynamics involved in concepts of God and psychological outcomes.

  7. The fresco at the entrance to Danilo II church of the Mother of God at Peć

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    Milanović Vesna

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Painted around 1330, this fresco is located on a large section of the western façade of the church of the Mother of God Hodegetria at Peć above the entrance that leads from the monumental narthex into the interior of the building. It is a composition, joining the unusual image of the holy patroness of Archbishop Danilo II's ecclesiastical endowment, accompanied by two figures of angels in adoration, to create an iconographic whole with a twin presentation of the archpriests, St. Nicolas and Danilo II himself bowing in prayer. After giving a careful and detailed description of the entire content and setting of the painting, first of all, the paper discusses the content and message conveyed in the choice of the image of the Mother of God with Child, which, in the given assembly of figures, is distinguished by its central position and enlarged proportions. A perception of the views maintained so far, regarding the interpretation of this composition, and the specific points related to the choice of the central figure, when attempting to decipher its meaning, leads to considering that in a certain reinterpretation of the aforesaid, quite specific representation of the patroness of the Serbian archbishop's church endowment, there also lies the key for the explanation of the twin presentation of the two hierarchs in prayer, as well as for shedding light on the inter-relationship of all the figures involved in the painting, i.e. for perceiving the logic of uniting them in one composition. Even though a new attempt at comprehending the content and the subtle message of the fresco largely rests upon the examination and thorough research of comparative material that previous research workers have already noted as being significant for the examination of the given solution, this does not hold for the conclusions arising from the observation of that material. There is a critical review particularly of the previous conclusions that remain within the

  8. Nietzsche se uitspraak God-is-dood, en die interpretasievoorstelle van Hans Küng en Jürgen Moltmann

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    A. J. Groenewald

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Nietzsche's theorem 'God-is-dead' and the reading models of HansKüng and Jürgen Moltmann. In this article the meaning and significance of Nietzsche's theorem 'God-is-dead' is examined. Through the reading models of Hans Küng and Jürgen Moltmann, an atempt is made to indicate that Nietzsche did not per se acknowledged or denied the existence of God. These reading models, although different, eliminate vaious theological misunderstandings and misinterpretations. This is important for the current theological debate.

  9. Plantinga\\\\\\'s Internal and External Approach toRationality of Belief in God

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    Mahdi Farajipak

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Various views about the rationality/irrationality of believing in God have been suggested by western religious and secular thinners. The theory of "Basicalism" together with its similar views such as "Evidentialism", "Fideism" and"Pragmatism" is one of the epistemological views posed about the belief in God and seeks to prove its rationality. In general, based on this view, believing in God does not require any rational reasoning. Various versions of this view have been presented so far.One of its versions expressed by scholars like Swinburne, Alston and Plantinga is what is known as Experientialism. In his special exposition of Experientialism – which he refers to as "reformed epistemology" –Plantinga has had two different dictions in his works. In his early woks such as God and other Minds, "Is Belief in God Rational?", "Is Belief in God Properly Basic?" and"Reformed Epistemology and Christian Apologetics", he endeavored to prove the rationality and justificationof believing in God and tried to offer certain and compelling arguments to prove the existence of God. In these works, Plantinga has adopted an internal approach toward the rationality of believing in God and regards it as a basic belief. Criticizing classic foundationalism, he sought to expand a different version of foundationalism according to which God's existence is regarded as basic for a believer. Based on this approach, Palntinga, like other proponents of foundationalism, considers the knowledgea "True Justified Belief". His view is, however, different from other foundationalists in defining the nature of the third element of knowledge. According to Plantinga's early exposition of his theory, the criteria of rationality of believing in God include the principles of classic foundationalism(such as evident to senses, evident to reason and incorrigibility and other elements. He rejected the deductive-priori method concerning the criteria of determining basic belief and

  10. Healing Gods, Heroes and Rituals in the Graeco-Roman World

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    Panayotis Pachis

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This editorial introduces the articles published within the OLH Special Collection, ‘Healing Gods, Heroes and Rituals in the Graeco-Roman World’. The first two articles in this collection interrogate the figures of specific healing gods. Olympia Panagiotidou’s article ‘Asclepius’ Myths and Healing Narratives: Counter-Intuitive Concepts and Cultural Expectations’ focuses on the curative features that defined the image of Asclepius, the most famous of the healing gods. The next article in the collection, ‘The Fate of a Healing Goddess: Ocular Pathologies, the Antonine Plague, and the Ancient Roman Cult of Bona Dea’ by Leonardo Ambasciano, interrogates the religious figure of another healing agent: the Italian goddess Bona Dea who was particularly venerated in Rome and in the region of Latium and whose cult reveals the way in which ancient Roman androcentric control over women was institutionalised through religious figures.  The third article in the collection, Audrey Ferlut’s ‘Goddesses as Consorts of the Healing Gods in 'Gallia Belgica' and the 'Germaniae': Forms of Cult and Ritual Practices’ considers the impact that cults dedicated to gods and goddesses had on populations in the wider area of the Roman Empire, focusing on the Northern provinces of the Western Roman Empire ('Gallia Belgica' and the 'Germaniae'. The collection’s final article, ‘From Textual Reception to Textual Codification: Thessalos and the Quest for Authenticity’ by Spyros Piperakis, moves the discussion from the question of cult practices to ‘alternative’ healing therapies in antiquity. Piperakis deals with astrological medicine, one of many alternative therapeutic methods that became popular during the Hellenistic and Roman period.  Taken together, the articles in ‘Healing Gods, Heroes and Rituals in the Graeco-Roman World’ demonstrate that we need to approach the study of ancient myths and cults within their socio-cultural context

  11. The immanence and transcendence of God in Adamic incarnational Christology: An African ethical reflection for the public

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    Vhumani Magezi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that the transcendence and immanence of God amplified in Christ should influence African believers� private and public ethics. It accomplishes this by engaging transcendence and immanence of God in the traditional African worldview. The African traditional worldview in many respects believes the transcendent God whose immanence is mediated by lesser spiritual intermediary powers. In responding to this view of God�s transcendence and immanence, we discuss the amplified transcendence and immanence of God in the Adamic incarnational Christological model. This model argues that in the incarnation, God�s transcendence and immanence is amplified by his assumption of our human mode of existence as the New Adam for our redemption. That is, even though God has always been transcendent and present within his creation before the incarnation, his immanence within humanity is amplified by God becoming man in and through Jesus Christ as the New Adam. The ascension of Jesus Christ does not diminish God�s presence within Christians. God continues to have his personal presence within believers through the dynamic presence of the Holy Spirit among them. The transcendence and immanence of God (amplified in Christ therefore is brought to bear in the private and public ethics of Christians. In contrast to the limited immanence of human beings, God�s immanence is infinite. That is, there is nothing human beings can do which is outside of God�s reach and knowledge. It is from this perspective that African Christians are encouraged to live lives conscious of the infinite-immanent God, who sees both their private and public lives. The private and public life of believers should resemble God�s character and behaviour demonstrated by Jesus Christ, God incarnate, in his earthly ministry. Thus, the transcendence and immanence of God amplified in Christ influences African believers to live as the true ambassadors of Christ who exhibit

  12. Belief in God among South African youth and its relation to their religious socialization and praxis

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    Jobannes A.P van der Ven

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates belief in God among 538 students from standard 9 who attend Anglican and Catholic schools in the Johannesburg/Pretoria region, and relates this  belief to the students' religious socialization and praxis. The students' belief in God appears to correlate strongly with their religious praxis in the present and less so with their religious socialization. However, some elements within this religious socialization play a rather important role, namely the parents' religious modeling, communication, and transfer. Two elements do not appear to have any influence at all, namely the parents' church participation and the parents' religious steering of students in the past and present.

  13. The listener of the chthonic god sand the barroom player: Adorno’s experience of Schubert

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    Jeremić-Molnar Dragana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author is reconstructing the complex picture of Franz Schubert created by Theodor Adorno in his numerous references to the Viennese composer, but mostly in his 1928 article “Schubert”. In the late 1920s Adorno experienced Schubert as the tragic composer whose music dwells in the realm of chthonic gods, but nevertheless reveals the joy of “traveling folk, jugglers and tricksters”. It remained, however, unclear how this joy could survive in the hellish landscapes of Schubert’s chthonic music. Later, Adorno recognized Schubert, due to his “habitus”, as the barroom player as well, never mentioning “traveling folk, jugglers and tricksters” any more. This two images of Schubert - Schubert as the Listener of the Chthonic Gods and Schubert as the Barroom Player - proved to be an interesting pair, worth of further theoretical elaboration, which Adorno unfortunately never bothered to undertake.

  14. Playing God or just unnatural? Religious beliefs and approval of synthetic biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragojlovic, Nicolas; Einsiedel, Edna

    2013-10-01

    Using evidence from a 2010 survey of 32 European publics, this article argues that belief in God increases disapproval for synthetic biology through two different mechanisms, depending on the strength of the individual's belief. Among weak believers, belief in God appears to be associated with the increased availability and accessibility of the idea that genetic manipulation interferes with nature. Strong believers, in contrast, appear to also engage in an explicitly theological evaluation of synthetic biology, with opposition to synthetic biology resulting from the perception that the creation of new types of organisms encroaches on a domain of activity (creation) that has traditionally been considered to be a divine prerogative. Overall, our findings suggest that value predispositions can influence public attitudes towards synthetic biology even when individuals engage in explicit deliberation about the technology in question.

  15. Re-Assessing the Relevance and Efficacy of Yoruba Gods as Agents of Punishment: A Study of Sango and Ogun

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    Rashidi Akanji Okunola

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The general objective of this paper was to investigate the relevance and efficiency of Yoruba gods in the administration of punishment and justices on crime commitment. Two Yoruba gods (Sango and Ogun were principally chosen. Six hundred (600 participants were conveniently sampled from three localities from three geo-political states in the western part of Nigeria. Univariate and bivariate analyses were used in the description of the samples and frequency distribution tables were employed in the presentation of the data. The results show that Yoruba natives still fear and respect these gods. The gods are still relevant and efficient in the administration of punishment on crime commission. The Yoruba natives show preference for the non-conventional punishments of these gods to modern criminal justice systems. Finally, the paper recommends the opinion survey polls on the inclusion of the invocations of these gods in the criminal justice systems of Nigeria and the likely implementations of the invocations in official swearing in ceremony for political and public office holders and the administration of the invocations in Nigerian courts of law.

  16. "Everything Created by God Is Pure". The Image of God in Emanuel Vigeland's Programme of Art in His Tomba Emmanuelle in Oslo

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    Maj-Brit Wadell

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Quicquid Deus creavit purum est — Everything created by God is pure. The Norwegian artist Emanuel Vigeland (1875-1948 had these words inscribed above the entrance to his mausoleum, Tomba Emmanuelle, in Oslo. They may be interpreted as a type of creed, exemplified and illustrated by the paintings and sculptures on the theme of Vita (life which Vigeland had completed in the mausoleum from 1927 up until his death more than 20 years later. In this article, the author attempts to explain the nature of the image of God visualized by Emanuel Vigeland when he carried out the artistic decoration of the burial chamber-to-be. The author describes and interprets the large painting on the far wall as well as the accompanying text. To start with, she offers a brief description of the artist's background, with special attention to his upbringing and childhood environment, which can be seen as crucial in the development of his view of life. This presentation is based on many years' study of original sources concerning Emanuel Vigeland's life and works.

  17. The Multiple other in Ana Castillo’s So Far from God

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    Lozovschi Simona

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims at familiarizing readers with Ana Castillo’s reshaping of traditional female archetypes in her novel So Far from God. Not only does she remodel and enrich them, she also incorporates them into modern, contemporary life. In addition, all the female characters in the novel are drawn together towards Sofia, the all-encompassing self, the multiple Other.

  18. The Kingdom of God and those who have not heard the contents of Scripture

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    M.A. Kruger

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Article 2 of the Belgic Confession deals with the following issue: By what means does God make Himself known to us? The first part of Article 2 that echoes the teaching of Calvin via the Gallic Confession reads as follows: “We know Him [God] by two means: First by the creation, preservation and government of the universe, which is before our eyes as a most elegant book, wherein all creatures, great and small, are characters (read: letters – MAK leading us to see clearly the invisible things of God, even his everlasting power and divinity, as the apostle Paul says (Rom. 1:20. All which things are sufficient to convince men and leave them without excuse.” This article of 1561 agrees with Calvin’s Institutes of 1559 (1, V, 1 and the early Reformed Confessions before the Canons of Dordt (1618-1619. It seems as though, after Calvin, a doctrine of insufficiency regarding this first means of revelation gradually developed. In the Westminster Confession of 1647 this means of understanding God’s revelation (i.e by receiving God’s communication through the creation, preservation and government of the universe was explicitly interpreted as insufficient. Man’s inherent ability to know God by means of his own mental capacity, the so-called light of nature, that remained after the Fall, was also regarded as insufficient. The issue of whether the interpretation of Article 2A had not been changed in the first century after Calvin should therefore be seriously considered by Reformed churches. Furthermore, the church of today, situated in a world that experiences such phenomenal scientific and technological changes, should ask what relevance Article 2A of the the Belgic Confession has for the church and the world.

  19. God skolepolitik er bevidst om skolens vilkår og dens forskelligheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grumløse, Sine Penthin; Hedegaard Sørensen, Lotte

    2016-01-01

    Vil vi have en inkluderende skole med en høj grad af undervisningsdifferentiering, og vil vi gerne have børn, der har det godt, mens de er i skole, forudsætter det, at skolens lærere får langt bedre vilkår for at etablere god undervisning, end de har i dag. Skal alle børn kunne deltage i en...

  20. Would Tarzan believe in God? Conditions for the emergence of religious belief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Konika; Bloom, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Would someone raised without exposure to religious views nonetheless come to believe in the existence of God, an afterlife, and the intentional creation of humans and other animals? Many scholars would answer yes, proposing that universal cognitive biases generate religious ideas anew within each individual mind. Drawing on evidence from developmental psychology, we argue here that the answer is no: children lack spontaneous theistic views and the emergence of religion is crucially dependent on culture. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Outsourcing punishment to God: beliefs in divine control reduce earthly punishment

    OpenAIRE

    Laurin, Kristin; Azim F Shariff; Henrich, Joseph; Kay, Aaron C.

    2012-01-01

    The sanctioning of norm-transgressors is a necessary—though often costly—task for maintaining a well-functioning society. Prior to effective and reliable secular institutions for punishment, large-scale societies depended on individuals engaging in ‘altruistic punishment’—bearing the costs of punishment individually, for the benefit of society. Evolutionary approaches to religion suggest that beliefs in powerful, moralizing Gods, who can distribute rewards and punishments, emerged as a way to...

  2. Speaking the language of the kingdom of God in the context of a society in transition

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    Friedrich (Fritz W. de Wet

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Venturing to speak the biblical language of the kingdom of God, with its distinct covenantal intensity, in the context of a South African society in transition from paternalistic power structures to liberal democratic structures is not easy. How should the language of the kingdom of God be spoken in a society that demands ‘non-intrusive’ and ‘politically correct’ speech without – in the process – rendering the intense intentionality of its covenantal roots to that of a speech without zeal? Having to face the daunting task of ‘translating’ kingdom language into a type of language that suits the present-day context without sacrificing or diminishing its powerful intentionality demands the development of a new sensitivity. Such a sensitivity is required to incentivise the accommodation of the dimensions of truthful, authoritative and authentic communication in spoken language. In this research article, the implications of the speech act theory, as pioneered by scholars such as J.L. Austin and J. Searle, are utilised to identify possible markers for such a venture. Insight into the locutionary, illocutionary and perlocutionary dimensions present in speech acts is indicated as a relevant starting point for attempting to obtain a more comprehensive and perspective-rich understanding into speaking the language of the kingdom of God in a way that fits the present South African context.

  3. Late Bergman: The Lived Experience of the Absence of God in Faithless and Saraband

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    Thomas Hibbs

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Acclaimed as one of the great filmmakers of the 20th century, Ingmar Bergman is for many an arch-modernist, whose work is characterized by a high degree of self-conscious artistry and by dark, even nihilistic themes. Film critics increasingly identify him as a kind of philosopher of the human condition, especially of the dislocations and misery of the modern human condition. However, Bergman’s films are not embodiments of philosophical theories, nor do they include explicit discussions of theory. Instead, he attends to the concrete lived experience of those who, on the one hand, suffer from doubt, dislocation, and self-hatred and, on the other, long for confession and communion. In the middle of his career, especially in his famous faith trilogy of the early 1960s, Bergman investigated the lived experience of the absence of God. It is commonly thought that after this period, the question of God disappeared. However, in his last two films, Faithless and Saraband, Bergman explores the lived experience of the absence of God. Indeed, he moves beyond a simple negation to explore the complex interplay of absence. He even illustrates the possibility of a kind of communion for which so many of his characters—early, middle and late—long.

  4. Direct electrochemistry of GOD on nitrogen-doped porous carbon and its biosensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Min; Liu, Hongyu; Chen, Shouhui; Song, Yonghai; Wang, Li

    2014-11-01

    Nitrogen-doped porous carbon (N-DPC) was prepared via a simple and effective method and was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the N-DPC with two type reticular porosities in an average diameter of 10-100 nm has a large specific surface area, which is favorable to immobilize the redox proteins for constructing biosensors. Direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase (GOD) on the N-DPC-modified electrode was investigated. UV-vis spectroscopy showed that GOD retained its catalytic activity in the N-DPC film. Electrochemical results indicated that the modified electrode exhibited effective direct electron transfer. It demonstrated that such N-DPC could provide a good matrix for direct electrochemistry of enzymes. A novel biosensor was developed by entrapping GOD in the N-DPC-modified electrode for glucose detection and showed a stable, rapid, and reproducible electrocatalytic response, a high sensitivity, a wide linear range and a low detection limit. Moreover, the biosensor can be applied in practical analysis and exhibit good reproducibility and long-term stability.

  5. Theological and Dogmatic Definition of the God-Man Jesus Christ Person

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    Bugiulescu Marian

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper presents the Theological and Dogmatic definition of the Person of the God-man Jesus Christ, as it has been formulated by the Orthodox Church in the course of time. In the Ecumenical and local synods, the Church proclaimed against the heresies various definitions of faith or dogmas. Dogma, in its essence, is a truth of faith revealed by God, unchangeable, formulated and transmitted by the Church, for man’s salvation. The central dogma of Christianity is the Trinitarian one. Regarding the Person and the Work of Christ, against the heresies promoted by Arius, Nestorius, Eutychius and Macedonius, at the Ecumenical Synods III (Ephesus 431, IV (Chalcedon 451, VI (Constantinople 680-681, the Church officially stated that Jesus Christ is truly God and truly Man, and His Person includes the divine nature, from eternity, yet united in time with the human nature, each nature having its own will, and the human will follows the divine will. This union of the divinity with the humanity in Christ is actually the basis of man’s salvation realized objectively in Christ and actualized personally by all the Christians in the Church, by means of which evil and death are defeated by the resurrection leading to eternal life.

  6. Natuurrampe en die voorsienigheid van God, met besondere verwysing na die beskouing van Johannes Calvyn

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    P C Potgieter

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available It stands to reason that many of those believing in the providence of God will look for theological guidance when natural disasters of a catastrophic magnitude strike. This paper explores the reasoning of well-known theologians, and particularly John Calvin, in this regard endeavouring to develop a relevant contribution towards deeper insight in the extremely difficult issue of a theodicy. Contrary to a popular idea that Calvin adopted an extremely harsh line on providence by which God becomes responsible for every kind of disaster, it is argued that he maintains a fine balance between the loving grace of our heavenly Father and his righteous judgment over mankind who undermined his intended order of nature by sin. Argued from a Christological perspective, the faithful should respect both God's revelation and his hidden plan, which they will not be able to fathom in this life. Whatever happens, they should be pastorally guided to humble patience and perseverance in sincere hope on God� s unquestionable faithfulness, and the firm belief that he will guide his creation to its true destination.

  7. The goal of Christian virtue ethics: From ontological foundation and covenant relationship to the Kingdom of God

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    Solomon Yiu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examined what constitutes Christian virtue ethics and its goal of highest human good. Christian virtue is a reality that is ontologically rooted in the grace of God through the atonement of Christ to envision the final good of creation. This view is drawn on the tripartite division of faith, hope and love as well as Paul Tillich’s ontological focus on the acclaimed quality of the virtue of love in relation to, and unity with, the virtues of power and justice as the ultimate reality in the divine ground for human existence. Christian believers must reunite the virtues which are received from God and by which Christians transformed in reality as new beings in the pursuit of the supreme goodness. Michael Horton’s covenantal model revealed a human being’s encounter with God, not only meeting, but recognising a stranger (a genuine ‘otherness’ under a covenant that was initiated by the grace of God with an awareness of his presence that was always immanent. A covenantal approach is used to describe the divine ‘presence’ and ‘absence’ as ethical and relational in getting the right conception and direction for our purpose from God. It also deals with the question of how our moral life is related to God and fellow humans toward the final goodness which is the highest good of the Kingdom of God. This article concluded with the coming rule of God’s imminent Kingdom as the true ultimate end of human beings and the eschatological fulfilment of humanity in goodness. The emphasis of the eschatological ethics lays on the theocentric futurity of the Kingdom directing Christians to the goal of the ultimate ideal and shaping the present existence of a Christian life.Hierdie artikel ondersoek Christelike deugde-etiek en die doelwit van die hoogste menslike heil. Christelike deug is ’n realiteitsontologie wat veranker is in God se genade deur die versoening van Christus om sodoende die uiteindelike heil van die skepping te

  8. Violence and Human Prayer to God in Q 11

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    Giovanni B. Bazzana

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The present article examines the use of κρούω in Q 11:9 against the backdrop of documentary papyri and Greek literary texts that employ the verb to evoke a stock scene of aggression and threat at the door of a house. In the unit 11:2–4, 9–13 the Sayings Gospel employs the same language and gestures in a similar rhetorical situation to advance a complex and ambiguous representation of human agency in prayer, which is not conceived as a mere passive expectancy of God’s intervention. This representation fits the socio-cultural profile of village scribes as the authors of Q, given their familiarity with administrative terminology and their acquaintance with widespread and simple rhetorical tropes. Moreover, such an ambiguous stance towards human agency is mirrored in Q’s similarly complex understanding of human participation in the establishment of God’s βασιλεία. Finally, comparable thematic and linguistic features have been detected in the ‘parable of the friend at midnight’ (Lk 11:5–8, strengthening the hypothesis that the parable might have been part of the Sayings Gospel.

  9. The Gods of Yucatán from A.D. 1560 to 1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Love

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a review of ethnohistorical writings and ethnographic studies (some by the author in search of Maya deities as they appear in the religious life of the Maya people of Yucatán. This introductory survey spans more than four centuries, from the 1560s to the 1980s. Many of the gods of the early Colonial Period continue living today in the indigenous communities of the Peninsula, while others have disappeared completely. This article traces their presence or absence over time and proposes that their disappearance or survival is a reflection of their role in Maya society. The patron gods of social/civic groups have disappeared while the agricultural gods of the forest and the sky survive today.En este trabajo se presenta una revisión de documentos etnohistóricos y estudios etnográficos (algunos de mi autoría en busca de las deidades que aparecen en la vida religiosa de los pueblos mayas de Yucatán. Esta revisión introductoria abarca más de cuatro siglos, desde 1560 hasta 1980. Muchos de los dioses del periodo colonial temprano siguen vivos hoy en las comunidades indígenas de la península, mientras que otros han desaparecido completamente. Este artículo rastrea su presencia y su ausencia a lo largo del tiempo y propone que tanto su desaparición como su sobrevivencia reflejan su papel en la sociedad maya. Los dioses patronos de grupos sociales/cívicos han desaparecido, mientras que los dioses agrícolas de la selva y del cielo aún perviven.

  10. Procopius about the supreme god of the Slavs (Bella VII 14, 23: Two critical remarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loma Aleksandar

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A passage from Procopius, Bella VII 14, 23 is reconsidered, in which the beliefs of the heathen Slavs are described. It is shown to be corrupted. The main emendation proposed here consists in separating the word dçmioyrgón from the preceding tçz ástrapçz and connecting it with the following ápántõn: consequently, the supreme god of the Slavs is said not to be the producer of lightning, but the creator of the universe. .

  11. The Gods of Yucatán from A.D. 1560 to 1980

    OpenAIRE

    Bruce Love

    2011-01-01

    This work presents a review of ethnohistorical writings and ethnographic studies (some by the author) in search of Maya deities as they appear in the religious life of the Maya people of Yucatán. This introductory survey spans more than four centuries, from the 1560s to the 1980s. Many of the gods of the early Colonial Period continue living today in the indigenous communities of the Peninsula, while others have disappeared completely. This article traces their presence or absence over time a...

  12. The order of st. John of god in the Philippines. 16th -17th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Rocher

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The history of the Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God in the Philippines is little known, in contrast to the prolific existing historiography on the performance of the different ecclesiastical corporations in the archipelago. This work tries to study the processes that allowed their expansion and development on the islands, their hospital work, the concept of hospitality that served as a guide and the peculiarities adopted in the management of the hospitals and religious, located thousands of kilometers from their headquarters in Mexico City.

  13. Nystartede sygeplejestuderendes forestillinger om god sygepleje og den gode sygeplejerskers evner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyngsø, Anita

    stilladsbaseret læring. De kvalitative interviews med fire nystartede sygeplejestuderende, bliver analyseret ud fra Ian Deys kvalitative analysemetode. Analysen viser, at de studerendes forestillinger om god sygepleje er at varetage patientens tarv, hvor sygeplejersken er mellemleddet, hvilket vil sige, at hun...... studerendes forestillinger om den gode sygeplejerskes evner er, at det er ikke bare et job – det er noget man er. Disse evner kan inddeles i to kategorier, nemlig at være medmenneskelig og at være en autoritet. Analysen viser desuden, at kategorierne at være medmenneskelig og have faglig viden er de centrale...

  14. Conception, complicated pregnancy, and labour of gods and heroes in Greek mythology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iavazzo, Christos; Trompoukis, Constantinos; Sardi, Thalia; Falagas, Matthew E

    2008-01-01

    Pregnancy and labour are holy moments in a woman's life. Even in Greek mythology we can find descriptions of them. We searched in the Greek myths to find descriptions of labours of ancient heroes and gods. We identified descriptions of extracorporeal fertilization, superfecundation, ectopic pregnancy, preterm labour, prolonged pregnancy and Caesarean section. The use of imagination could help the reader to find similarities in present or future developments in the field of obstetrics. It could be concluded that various aspects of modern obstetrical practice are described in Greek mythology.

  15. God's punishment and public goods : A test of the supernatural punishment hypothesis in 186 world cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Dominic D P

    2005-12-01

    Cooperation towards public goods relies on credible threats of punishment to deter cheats. However, punishing is costly, so it remains unclear who incurred the costs of enforcement in our evolutionary past. Theoretical work suggests that human cooperation may be promoted if people believe in supernatural punishment for moral transgressions. This theory is supported by new work in cognitive psychology and by anecdotal ethnographic evidence, but formal quantitative tests remain to be done. Using data from 186 societies around the globe, I test whether the likelihood of supernatural punishment-indexed by the importance of moralizing "high gods"-is associated with cooperation.

  16. What is a god? Metatheistic assumptions in Old Testament Yahwism(s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J W Gericke

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the author provides a prolegomena to further research attempting to answer a most undamental and basic question � much more so than what has thus far been the case in the disciplines of Old Testament theology and history of Israelite religion. It concerns the implicit assumptions in the Hebrew Bible�s discourse about the fundamental nature of deity. In other words, the question is not, �What is� YHWH like?� but rather , �what, according to the Old Testament texts, is a god?�

  17. The Gods of Yucatán from A.D. 1560 to 1980

    OpenAIRE

    Bruce Love

    2011-01-01

    This work presents a review of ethnohistorical writings and ethnographic studies (some by the author) in search of Maya deities as they appear in the religious life of the Maya people of Yucatán. This introductory survey spans more than four centuries, from the 1560s to the 1980s. Many of the gods of the early Colonial Period continue living today in the indigenous communities of the Peninsula, while others have disappeared completely. This article traces their presence or absence over time a...

  18. An Analysis on the Twins’“Depravity”Image in The God of Small Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Qing

    2015-01-01

    The God of Small Things written by Arundhati Roy is a novel about the post-colonial India. Based on the main clue of an upper-class family in a small town, the author describes the life and the state of minds of the entire society in the post-colonial In⁃dia. This thesis attempts to analyze the image of the twins’“depravity”, which includes the background, the formation, the presen⁃tations and the implication of their depravity.

  19. An interview with Samuel Shem, author of 'The House of God'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brash, Claire

    2017-07-01

    Dr Stephen Bergman, Professor of medical humanities at New York University, writes under the name Samuel Shem. He is an acclaimed author of several novels, plays and textbooks, and his work has been translated into several languages -'The House of God' his first novel has sold over 3 million copies. His work exposes the potential moral challenges of the medical workplace and the connection between values, good relationships and healing. In 2015 he visited the UK for medical humanities academic tour which included keynote talks at the RCGP 2015 Annual Conference and at the Royal Society of Medicine. Claire Brash interviewed him at the Royal Society of Medicine.

  20. The Study on Vietnamese Town-god Worship and Text-based Process of Village Town-god Stories%越南的城隍信仰与乡村城隍事迹文本化过程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁克顺; 阮文海

    2016-01-01

    越南的城隍信仰既有来源自中国的城隍信仰,也有来源自越南的民间信仰,并在越南各地的村庄流行,目的是一方面纪念对村庄有功劳的人,另一方面祈愿得到城隍庇护、扶持以避免灾殃患难。越南的城隍信仰活动的发展过程相连于乡村神事迹文本化的过程。此乡村神事迹文本库藏非常庞大,是非常宝贵的文献遗产,对于历史上越南乡村的历史、传统文化、风俗习惯等多方面的研究有很大的贡献。该文概略介绍了越南的城隍信仰与乡村城隍事迹文本化过程。%This paper briefly introduces the town-god belief in Vietnam and the village town-god text-based process. Vietnamese town-god faith originates both from Chinese Chenghuang (town-god) worship and from Vietnamese folk religion. It is popular in all the villages around Vietnam which purpose is to commemorate the contributors for villagers on one hand and to pray to the town-god for the shelter and support in order to avoid calamities and adversities on the other hand. The development process of the town-god religious activities in Vietnam is linked together with the text-based process of village god deeds.The village god text-based treasury is very large on scale, belonging to a very precious heritage, for history in rural Vietnam history, cultural traditions, customs and documentary heritage and meanwhile, these documents contribute a lot to the research of Vietnamese history, traditional culture as well as the manners and customs.

  1. Virtuous suffering and the predicament of being handicapped. Towards a theology of the ‘disabled God puffing in a wheelchair’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel J. Louw

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The reality of disablement, being handicapped and physical disfigurement, opens up anew the theological debate regarding God-images in human suffering. It is argued that the Hellenistic understanding of the power of God, God as a pantokrator [Almighty], presupposes the immutability of an apathetic God. In terms of the logic of a cause-effect paradigm, God becomes the deterministic principle behind human suffering. With reference to a theologia crucis [theology of the Cross], the paradigm of theopaschitic theology proposes a pathetic understanding of God. Weakness and vulnerability (astheneia describes an authentic identification of God with human suffering. Forsakenness (derelictio reframes power as compassionate weakness or vulnerability and divine disability. The disabled God is, in terms of the New Testament a connection between divine compassion and human predicament (ta splanchna, the passionate God. Bowel categories make it possible to speak of the ‘puffing God in the wheelchair’. A theology of the cross should be supplemented by a theology of ability (theologia resurrectionis. The resurrection introduces the spiritual ability parrhesia − the transformation of the weakness of suffering into the fortigenitics of hope.Lyding tussen lot en deug binne die dilemma van gestremdheid. Die onwikkeling van ’n teologie van die ‘gestremde God, hygend in ’n rolstoel’. Die gegewendheid en realiteit van verskillende vorme van gestremdheid onderstreep menslike weerloosheid en magteloosheid. Vir gelowiges wat worstel met die vraag na sin in lyding, roep dit onder andere die vraag op na die verband tussen lyding en die almag en krag van God. Die basiese argument is dat die Hellenistiese konsep en paradigma van die mag van God, God as pantokrator, die starre onbeweeglikheid van ’n apatiese God voorveronderstel. Met behulp van die oorsaak-gevolg skema van denke, word God, in terme van die menslike logika, ’n deterministiese

  2. 论孔子的天-人秩序观%On Confucius' View of God-Man Order

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军

    2012-01-01

    孔子的天-人秩序观主要有三个方面:其一,尊天而法天;其二,知天命、畏天命而乐天命;其三,对鬼神敬而远之。孔子的天-人秩序观在当代具有重要的意义。%Confucius' view of second, to know and fear s length. Confucius' view of God-Man order is composed of three parts, first, to respect and learn from God; e destiny,then to be willing to accept Destiny; and third, to keep Spirits at arm~ God-Man order has great signifcance even today.

  3. A homiletic reflection on the theological aesthetics involved in picturing God in a fragmented South African society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben J. de Klerk

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the problematic field of authentic speech in a fragile South African society where the imminence of shattering fragmentation is often addressed either by aggravating hate- speech or pacifying speech that seems to lack the will to come to terms with the full implications of the issues at hand. We attempt to reflect on the possibility of authentic speech in this context by picturing God and his purposeful presence in our fragmented world; speech that reflects and acts out the implications of what is observed in the revealing light of God`s living Word. In addressing the research problem the following aspects are researched: (1 we briefly reflect on the theological aesthetics involved in picturing God through the eyes and acts of faith, (2 explore the painful manifestation of fragmentation in the South African society (with poverty and HIV and AIDS as examples, and (3 attempt to homiletically speak the language of faith by picturing God in our fragmented world through the lens of the parable of the Good Samaritan. We come to the conclusion that authentic homiletic speech can only flow from a heart in which the hardened crust of perpetual attempts at self-righteousness and conservation of the own comfort-zone are shattered by the words and deeds of our Lord. It is through the words and deeds of our Lord that the preacher is enlightened to bear authentic witness to how God fuses a shattered reality and a shattered heart into a prismatic, multifaceted witness to the glory of his all-conquering healing power.

  4. A Study on Jiao Shi Yi Lin’ s Gods Faith%从《焦氏易林》看汉代的神灵信仰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志平

    2015-01-01

    As a special cultural classic written roughly in the period of the mid-late Western Han Dynasty and the early Eastern Han Dynasty,Jiao Shi Yi Lin contains richly historical and cultural information. Record about Han people’ s faith to gods,such as the God Sun, the God Moon, the God Wind, the God Rain, the God Land and the God Mountain, shows us their complex gods faith world, and makes us understand their spirit world and knowledge system and their behaviors in daily life affected by this kind of spirit world and knowledge system more minutely and deeply.%《焦氏易林》作为一部大致成书于西汉中晚期至东汉初期的特殊文化典籍,蕴含着丰富的历史文化信息。其中关于日神、月神、风神、雨神、社神和山神崇拜的内容向我们展现了汉代人复杂的神灵信仰世界,使我们更细致、更深入地了解时人的精神世界和知识系统,以及时人在这种精神世界和知识系统影响下的日常生活行为。

  5. Iluminator of the wide earth; Unbribable judge; Strong weapon of the Gods: Intuitive ontology and divine epithets in Assyro-Babylonian religious texts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westh, Peter

    2011-01-01

    A characteristic feature of Assyro-Babylonian religion was the repeated use of conventionalized phrases to address and describe the gods. Often, religious texts such as prayers and ritual incantations consisted of little more than the heaping up of such epithets. If the gods were indeed culturall...

  6. How Poets Should Speak of the Gods. Plato, Republic II 377e6–378a1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jera Marušič

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In Plato’s Republic, Socrates and his interlocutors assign to poetry an important educational task in the envisioned just state, but then find the existing poetry mostly unsuitable for it. Examining how poets speak about the gods, Socrates directs at Hesiod the criticism that he »did not speak falsely well« (377e7 when narrating the actions of Uranus and Cronus. We may find this criticism surprising: the poet is not reproached for speaking falsely about the actions of these two gods, but for not speaking falsely well about them. It seems, therefore, that Socrates would not disapprove of Hesiod’s false speaking, provided that the poet spoke falsely well. In order to clarify Socrates’ criticism, it is first examined what it means, in the case of Hesiod, »to speak falsely« (as opposed to »speaking truly«, and then what it means »not to speak falsely well« (as opposed to »speaking falsely well«. Relying on some further arguments by Socrates, a distinction is made between two kinds of claims that can be made about the gods: claims about what the gods are like and claims about what they did. As this paper tries to show, it is acceptable to Socrates if poets speak falsely about what the gods did (for, because there is no knowing about the divine actions, it is not possible to speak truly about this, as is suggested at 382c10–d3, but not about what they are like (for what we do know about the divine nature is that it is good and therefore cannot cause evil, and so it must be spoken of, as is argued at 379b1–16. It turns out, therefore, that poets speak falsely well about what the gods did when they attribute good actions to them, i.e. such actions as they could in fact have done: doing so, the poets speak falsely about what the gods did, but implicitly speak truly about what they are like. As Hesiod attributed bad actions to Uranus and Cronus, he implicitly spoke of the gods as capable of evil. Therefore he did not speak falsely only

  7. By my Soul I will ascend to God. The Concept of the Soul in Augustine of Hippo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Saeteros Pérez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to establish the key elements of the doctrine of the soul of St. Augustine of Hippo. Magna natura et magna quaestio est (De Hippo, trans.,1968, 14, 4, 6, since it will take lifetime thought and works of the holy bishop. Searching your own soul, deep into its sanctuary, discovering the image of God in it, his goodness, his greatness, his life ... to put it back to God, its origin and goal of all its efforts. This is the path the Thagaste philosopher shows us, thirsty of truth, that will eventually be dumped into the source that satiates the same Truth.

  8. Contrasting John Donne’s Song and E.E. Cummings’ Next to of Course God America

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘樟民

    2013-01-01

      John Donne’s Song satirizing the faithlessness and frivolity of women and E.E. Cummings’ Next to of Course God America ridiculing the blind death without thinking in war both achieve fantastic irony. Although Song is a lyric poem, it has strong satire effect through its creative use of conversation and conceit which combine passion and argument harmoniously. E.E. Cummings’Next to of Course God America gives an impression of striking visual shock by extremely unusual syntactic form and special image. It is interesting and worthwhile to contrast the two poems.

  9. Eine Archäologie spiritueller Gotteserfahrung im christlichen Mittelalter Archaeology of Spiritual Experience with God in the Christian Middle Ages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfram Bergande

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Autorin vergleicht die christliche Praktik des so genannten „Genießens Gottes“ bei Bernhard von Clairvaux und Hildegard von Bingen mit dem Ziel einer Archäologie des Genießens in der Mystik des 12. bis 14. Jahrhunderts. Ihr lesenswerter Vergleich zwischen den beiden Klerikern ist kulturgeschichtlich fundiert, medienwissenschaftlich kenntnisreich und anschlussfähig für Philosophen, Historiker, Religionssoziologen und Theologen.The author compares Bernhard von Clairvaux’s and Hildegard von Bingen’s Christian practices of the so-called “Genießen Gottes,” or the enjoyment or partaking of God, in order to create an archaeology of enjoyment in mysticism from the 12th to the 14th centuries. Her comparison of both clerics is a worthwhile read, is grounded in cultural history, displays a broad knowledge of media studies, and is accessible to philosophers, historians, sociologists of religion, and theologians.

  10. A simple microplate-based method for the determination of α-amylase activity using the glucose assay kit (GOD method).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visvanathan, Rizliya; Jayathilake, Chathuni; Liyanage, Ruvini

    2016-11-15

    For the first time, a reliable, simple, rapid and high-throughput analytical method for the detection and quantification of α-amylase inhibitory activity using the glucose assay kit was developed. The new method facilitates rapid screening of a large number of samples, reduces labor, time and reagents and is also suitable for kinetic studies. This method is based on the reaction of maltose with glucose oxidase (GOD) and the development of a red quinone. The test is done in microtitre plates with a total volume of 260μL and an assay time of 40min including the pre-incubation steps. The new method is tested for linearity, sensitivity, precision, reproducibility and applicability. The new method is also compared with the most commonly used 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid (DNSA) method for determining α-amylase activity.

  11. Invited by God onto the worship stage: Developing missional communities through participation in Theo-drama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian A. Nell

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available When the front of the church begins to resemble a stage and the preacher, musicians and other leaders act like performers whilst the congregation takes on the role of an audience, then something is wrong with worship. But not only with worship: something is wrong with the church. A church longing to be missional � that is, a church in which all Christians are participants in the mission of God � needs to express that participation in its worship. Theological dramatic theory shows us how the Trinity acts out a grand narrative in creation, redemption and glorification, and invites us to participate in the Story being performed. This same narrative can be present in worship and can invite our immediate participation. But this cannot happen if either God or the congregation is relegated to the role of mere audience. However, when the Story is told and performed in worship and when the worshipping community is able to participate alongside the Trinity in the Theo-drama of worship, then worship takes on the ability to form that community missionally. Worship is a habit repeated week after week; therefore, its power to transform a community into a missonal congregation is immense.

  12. Performance Evaluation of AODV and GOD for Qos Aware Applications through Realistic Conditions in VANET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richa Sharma

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available VANET deployment in real world has become a living reality by the successful allotment of 5.9GHz to Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC by WLAN technologies. Dynamically changing topology and establishment of reliable path between nodes with minimum bandwidth consumption and lesser routing overheads are the main aims of ad- hoc network routing. To exploit effective and reliable communication among vehicles routing is a major factor which needs to be investigated. This paper intends to evaluate the performance of AODV and GOD routing protocols in city scenario under different application types and different fading environment using IEEE 802.11b MAC standard. Simulations are performed using NCTUns 6.0 (National Chung Tung University Network Simulator and found that AODV performance is better in fading channel even if we increase rician factor. Also the performance of GOD is better in ideal fading (AWGN channel, although the performance of routing protocols vary from one scenario to other and application traffic.

  13. THE CONCEPTS OF GOD, MAN, AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN ISLAM: IMPLICATIONS FOR ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spahic Omer

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the concepts of God, man, and the natural environment, as well as some of their implications for Islamic architecture. The paper is divided into eight sections, (1 Introduction: what is Islamic architecture?, (2  Tawhid (God’s Oneness, (3 Islam and the role of man on earth, (4 Islam and the environment, (5 The importance of built environment, (6 Peaceful and sustainable coexistence between the environment, architecture and man, (7 The unique soul of Islamic architecture, and (8 Conclusion. The nature of the paper – its content, methodology, and conclusions –, is conceptual and philosophical, rather than empirical. The paper concludes that Islamic architecture is an architecture that through its multidimensionality embodies the message of Islam. It both facilitates the Muslims’ realization of the Islamic purpose and its divine principles on earth and promotes a lifestyle generated by such a philosophy and principles. At the core of Islamic architecture lies function with all of its dimensions: corporeal, cerebral and spiritual. The role of the form is an important one too, but only inasmuch as it supplements and enhances function.   Keywords: Man, Islamic architecture, God, environment

  14. Social Conflicts in Arrow Of God: Lessons in Flexibility and Good Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anaso George Nworah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Chinua Achebe’s second novel, Arrow of God, is concerned with the theme of conflict. According to Holman C. Hugh (1960, there are four basic levels of conflict: struggle between the protagonist and the antagonist, the protagonist with the society, struggle in the mind of the protagonist or the protagonist struggling with fate, destiny or force of nature. Conflicts in Arrow of God delineate three of these struggles in a concentration of events leading to the destruction of the social order in the community (Umuaro. However, the conflicts are linked with colonialism which is at the root of the conflict. In this view, the novel is to some extent, a protest against colonialism and the suffering that it brought to the colonised people generally and the Igbo specifically. Arising from the above, this paper draws some implications from the actions of the protagonist to reveal the connection between a leader’s flexibility and good governance as reflected in the life of the old chief priest (Ezeulu. The novel made its debut in 1964, symbolically marking a year since Nigeria’s adoption of Republican Constitution. The connection between Umuaro’s institution of Ulu and its priest as source of law and order with Nigeria’s adoption of the republican constitution is made obvious in this study. Through this, the nexus between literature and reality is thus reinforced. Keywords: Colonialism, Conflict, Myth, Protest, Governance, Republicanism

  15. Experimenting with spirituality: analyzing The God Gene in a nonmajors laboratory course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Linda A

    2008-01-01

    References linking genes to complex human traits, such as personality type or disease susceptibility, abound in the news media and popular culture. In his book The God Gene: How Faith is Hardwired into Our Genes, Dean Hamer argues that a variation in the VMAT2 gene plays a role in one's openness to spiritual experiences. In a nonmajors class, we read and discussed The God Gene and conducted on a small scale an extension of the study it describes. Students used polymerase chain reaction to replicate a portion of their VMAT2 genes, and they analyzed three polymorphic sites in the sequence of these products. Associations between particular VMAT2 alleles and scores on a personality test were assessed by t test. The course, of which this project was a major part, stimulated student learning; scores on a test covering basic genetic concepts, causation/correlation, and laboratory methodology improved after completion of the course. In a survey, students reported the laboratory project aided their learning, especially in the areas of statistics and the linking of genes to behaviors. They reported high levels of engagement with the project, citing in particular its personal nature as motivating their interest.

  16. Image of God, religion, spirituality, and life changes in breast cancer survivors: a qualitative approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreiber, Judith A; Edward, Jean

    2015-04-01

    Religion and spirituality are much studied coping mechanisms; however, their relationship to changes in behaviors, relationships, and goals is unclear. This study explored the impact of a breast cancer diagnosis on religion/faith and changes in behaviors, relationship, or goals. In this qualitative study, women, who participated in a larger, quantitative study, completed written responses to questions regarding the role of religion/faith in their lives, the impact of their diagnosis on their image of God and on faith/religious beliefs, and any changes in behaviors, relationships, or life goals were examined. Based on previous findings noting differences in psychological outcomes based on a higher (HE) or lesser (LE) engaged view of God, 28 (14 HE; 14 LE) women were included in the analysis. Awareness of life and its fleeting nature was common to all. Ensuing behaviors varied from a need to focus on self-improvement-egocentrism (LE)-to a need to focus on using their experiences to help others-altruism (HE). Study results suggest that seemingly small, but highly meaningful, differences based on one's worldview result in considerably different attitudinal and behavioral outcomes.

  17. CHARLES DICKENS'S NOVEL "OLIVER TWIST" AS A NOVEL-ALLEGORY OF THE GOD AND THE DEVIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Krupenina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the novels written by Ch. Dickens, Oliver Twist is the only child who manages to stay the same until the end of the novel. He managed to go through a kind of initiation or "forbidden threshold", but he did not change and stayed alive. Thus, the image of a boy is psychologically quite conditional. Why? The answer to this question is the purpose of this article, in which the novel "Oliver Twist" written by Ch. Dickens is considered and analyzed as an allegory of the God and the Devil, based on the study of archetypes of C.G. Jung. The novel of Ch. Dickens is inextricably linked with Christian symbolism, ancient view of the world. In order to consider it from this point of view it is necessary to rely on the ideas of C.G. Jung's archetypes that cause complex ideas to life, acting as mythological motifs. They are mediated by the consciousness of the author and are displayed in the form of conditional statements, in which the visual image is something "other." The approach of Ch. Dickens to write this novel was inspired by Rousseau's concept of the original innocence of the child, as well as the romantic poets who gave the childhood the highest sacred value. Introducing Oliver Twist as a sacred, unchanging static entity in a severely fallen world, the writer conveys his image of God or the divine archetype of the child, as opposed to the archetype of the Devil embodied in Fagin.

  18. How angry was the ancient Greek god Poseidon in 141/142 A.D.?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şahin, Murat; Elitez, İrem; Yaltırak, Cenk

    2017-04-01

    Poseidon, also known as "God of Sea" or "Earth-Shaker", was one of the Olympian's Gods in the Greek mythology. It was a common belief that Poseidon shows his rage by tsunamis and earthquakes. So, the how angry Poseidon in 141/142 A.D.? According to the historical records, the whole area including Lycian cities and Rhodes was affected by a destructive earthquake and a following tsunami in 141/142. After these events the emperor of Greeks made donations to the Lycian cities and Rhodes for their recovery with relative to the damage and importance of the city. 141/142 earthquake had a considerable amount of damage on 28 ancient cities. With respect to the historical catalogues, this earthquake had at least 9-10 intensity and caused a tsunami in Rhodes and harbour of the ancient city of Patara. In this study, we try to restrict the magnitude of the event by using PGA (peak ground acceleration), MMI (Modified Mercalli Intensity), tsunami modelling and amount of aids. Our preliminary results suggest that this event has to be bigger or equal magnitude 8.

  19. KITCHEN GOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Kitchen GodKitchenGod¥//OnkitchenwallsofTibetanhomesarepaintedwithawhitescorpion,withitstwopincherspointingtowardsthestoveand...

  20. God nanoetikk – god nanoteknologiutvikling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rune Nydal

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Trenger vi en nanoetikk? Spørsmålet undersøkes ofte gjennom analyser av hva som er spesifikt nytt med nanoteknologi som skulle rettferdiggjøre etableringen av et eget nanoetikkfelt. Artikkelen knytter ikke det nye til teknologiens produkter som sådan, men til det at nanoteknologien oppstår som et nytt og ekspansivt satsningsfelt i en tid med enighet om at etikkrefleksjonen må komme inn på et tidlig tidspunkt. Nanoetikken synliggjør generelle utfordringer for den profesjonaliserte anvendte etikk ettersom nanoetikken etterspørres forut for at feltet kan sies å være etablert. Nanoetikken fordrer en positiv etikk, mens den profesjonaliserte etikk har vært innstilt på en negativ etikk. Utfordringene nanoetikken reiser, er analysert som et problem som har både intellektuell og institusjonell karakter.http://dx.doi.org/10.5324/eip.v2i2.1694

  1. The question of the existence of God in the book of Stephen Hawking: A brief history of time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Driessen, A.; Driessen, A; Suarez, A.

    1997-01-01

    The continuing interest in the book of S. Hawking "A Brief History of Time" makes a philosophical evaluation of the content highly desirable. As will be shown, the genre of this work can be identified as a speciality in philosophy, namely the proof of the existence of God. In this study an attempt

  2. 月神及月崇拜探微%Research on lunar god and worship of the moon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田利红

    2011-01-01

    The ancient people worshipped nature and created many myths.This was the case for the worship for the moon.This paper discusses the ancient lunar myths and worship for the moon from three aspects.This first part discusses the cause for the appearance of ancient lunar god concept,holding the view that the appearance and development of the lunar god concept was inseparable from the early farming industry and society.The second part discusses several Chinese ancient lunar god images: lunar mother Changxi,lunar goddess Xiwangmu,goddess Chang'e fly to the moon,etc.the third part discusses the allegory of lunar god myths.%古人膜拜天体自然,并演绎了不少神话传说,对月亮的崇拜也是如此。古代月神话与月崇拜大致包括三个方面的内容:古人月神观念产生的原因,认为月神观念的产生和发展,与早期农牧业生产和农牧业社会是分不开的;中国古代神话中的几种月神形象:月母常羲,月神西王母,嫦娥奔月等;月神话的寓意。

  3. Religious Diversity, Empathy, and God Images: Perspectives from the Psychology of Religion Shaping a Study among Adolescents in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Leslie J.; Croft, Jennifer S.; Pyke, Alice

    2012-01-01

    Major religious traditions agree in advocating and promoting love of neighbour as well as love of God. Love of neighbour is reflected in altruistic behaviour and empathy stands as a key motivational factor underpinning altruism. This study employs the empathy scale from the Junior Eysenck Impulsiveness Questionnaire to assess the association…

  4. Religious Diversity, Empathy, and God Images: Perspectives from the Psychology of Religion Shaping a Study among Adolescents in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Leslie J.; Croft, Jennifer S.; Pyke, Alice

    2012-01-01

    Major religious traditions agree in advocating and promoting love of neighbour as well as love of God. Love of neighbour is reflected in altruistic behaviour and empathy stands as a key motivational factor underpinning altruism. This study employs the empathy scale from the Junior Eysenck Impulsiveness Questionnaire to assess the association…

  5. 32 CFR 644.554 - Insurance against loss or damages to buildings and improvements by fire or acts of God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Insurance against loss or damages to buildings and improvements by fire or acts of God. 644.554 Section 644.554 National Defense Department of... Procedure § 644.554 Insurance against loss or damages to buildings and improvements by fire or acts of...

  6. Afnemend geloof in God en toenemend geloof in een hogere werkelijkheid? : Verklaringen van trends tussen 1979 en 2000

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaf, Nan Dirk de; Grotenhuis, Manfred te

    2005-01-01

    Declining belief in God and increasing belief in the supernatural? Trends between 1979 and 2000 explained Religion is gradually losing its influence in Dutch society, which is one aspect of ‘secularization’. In this study we focus on individual secularization, namely the increasing number of

  7. Ancient art, rhetoric and the Lamb of God metaphor in John 1:29 and 1:36

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilly Nortjé-Meyer

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Biblical scholars have given diverse explanations for the Lamb of God metaphor in John 1:29 and 1:36. Most scholars are of the opinion that ‘amnos’ refers to the Passover lamb. This explanation is not obvious from the context of the Fourth Gospel. To understand the metaphor ‘lamb’ or ‘amnos’ of God, one should understand the transferable meaning of the figure or image. In this comparison, only the vehicle, namely the lamb, is given. What and who the lamb is stays open. It can be anything within the limits of the other story elements that have the same qualities as a lamb. To uncover the communicative dynamics of the metaphor, the exegete must have insight into the meaning and function of the original metaphor. Rhetoric provides a clue for the interpretation of the metaphor, namely that it is a Lamb of God. Within the pericope other rhetorical clues like antithesis and varietas are also provided. These clues are important but do not explain the image of the lamb. In this study, these problems will be considered via another medium, namely Hellenistic art and imagesand their penetration into Judaism and Christianity during the 1st century CE. Hellenistic and biblical images will be used to give an alternative interpretation of the metaphor of the Lamb of God.

  8. Die koninkryk van God as sistematies-teologiese kategorie in die werk van J.A. Heyns

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    Sarel J.L. Marais

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The kingdom of God as a systematic-theological category in the work of J.A. Heyns Heyns was probably the most noteworthy Afrikaans speaking theologian of the 20th century, considering the quantity of Afrikaans theological publications from his pen. It is a well known fact that he used the kingdom of God as a systematic-theological category that flows like a perennial river of opportunity through all of his writings. It created an opportunity to be consistent in both his systematic theology and in his ethics, show clearly how man and God can be coworkers in a dialogical relationship and to integrate philosophy with theology. Unfortunately, there was sometimes flooding, because he filled the kingdom of God with philosophical concepts and viewed it as an ontological cosmic-universal entity. His philosophical background also occasionally led to inadequate speculations in his theology and inadmissibly he didn�t always use the Bible appropriately, although his doctrine of Scripture and hermeneutics were satisfactory. Lastly, his philosophical modus operandi helped him to differentiate between important theological concepts, which have problem solving abilities.

  9. Is the god of diamonds alone? The role of institutions in artisanal mining in forest landscapes, Congo Basin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schure, J.M.; Ingram, V.J.; Tieguhong, J.C.; Ndikumagenge, C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the institutional framework of artisanal mining in the forests of the Sangha Tri-National Landscape (TNS) in the Congo Basin. Artisanal miners in Cameroon and the Central African Republic (CAR) commonly make sacrifices to their god of diamonds, to improve fortunes. This study

  10. A place to share : Some thoughts about the meaning of territory and boundaries in our thinking about God and humanity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bons-Storm, Riet

    2008-01-01

    This article proffers some thoughts in reply to the following question: how can we think about God in a theology that takes into account the concept of place in such a way that we are able to live together in a salvific way with others, sharing a place as equals? Concepts such as "territory" and "te

  11. Way of Search for Voices in Marriage——A Feminist Reading of Their Eyes Were Watching God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雪姐

    2008-01-01

    In Their Eyes Were Watching God,Zora Neale Hurston exploresthe process ofJanie's search for her voice through her three marriages.By doingthis,she emphasizes the importance of mutual communication of both men andwomen in marriage from verbal level.

  12. The veto on images and the aniconic God in Ancient Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tryggve Mettinger

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the long history Israel was quite familiar with the phenomenon of cultic images, a familiarity which it acquired by contact with other cultures. From the pre-monarchic period we have the traditions—which in all probability were originally neutral—about the bronze serpent and Aaron's bull; the polemic in the latter narrative appears not to be original. We may here include the stories of Gideon's ephod and Micah's image as well. The official Jerusalem cult was undoubtedly aniconic, but the absence of images had scarcely taken on the character of a command in a fixed prohibition. The ark had not yet been rationalized into a mere container for the tablets of the testimony. In the Northern Kingdom the bull image in Bethel (and in Dan? escaped prophetic criticism for one and a half centuries. Jehu's reforms did not alter this fact, nor do Elijah and Elisha seem to have expressed misgivings. First in the eighth century the prophetic polemic against images is formulated by Hosea immediately in its full force. The prohibition is one expression of the reaction against Canaanite culture and religion which found its most extreme form in the Rechabites' stubborn fight for nomadic ideals and their consequent refusal to live in houses, take up agriculture, or drink wine (Jer 35,6-7. When the prohibition is seen in this perspective, the question becomes little more than academic whether the ban was directed against images of foreign gods or representations of Israel's God. It is directed against both, the intention being to prohibit all cultic images. Its place in the decalogue is thus quite appropriate: it forms the transition from the prohibition of other gods to the commands regarding the divine name and the sabbath, both of which refer to the JHWH cult. The prohibition is of course not to be understood in an exclusively negative sense, as a safe-guard against syncretism. It may also be understood as positively expressing the distinctive

  13. Die koninkryk van God as ’n kontekstueel-paradigmatiese sleutel vir Skrifberoep in die etiek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Wet Saaiman

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In die lig van die Christelike etiek is ’n beroep op die Skrif ’n sine qua non waar standpunte oor etiese vraagstukke ingeneem word. Deur ’n beroep op die Skrif te doen, is die probleem ongelukkig nie sonder meer opgelos nie. Hierdie artikel toon aan dat die begrip koninkryk van God as tema as ’n hermeneutiese vertrekpunt kan dien in die soeke na antwoorde op etiese vraagstukke. Daar word aangedui dat die koninkryk van God ’n noodsaaklike tema is omdat sekere wetsbepalings en kontekstueel bepaalde beginsels en norme in die voortsetting van die gedagte van die koninkryk van God in die Ou en Nuwe Testament ingebed is. Daar is egter ook sekere voorskrifte binne die teokratiese bestel wat vir die volk Israel in hulle spesifieke konteks gegee is wat nie noodwendig direk in die hedendaagse samelewingskonteks kan en mag toegepas word nie. Die boodskap van die Skrif moet dus op ’n verantwoordelike en geldige wyse gekonstateer word en effektief aan die moderne samelewing oorgedra word.The kingdom of God as a contextual paradigmatic key for using Scripture in ethics. The use of Scripture is, in light of Christian ethics, a sine qua non when positions with regard to ethical problems are assumed. A simple interpretation of Scripture does not necessarily settle the problem. This article shows that the concept kingdom of God as a theme can serve as a hermeneutical point of departure in the search for answers to ethical questions. It is shown that the kingdom of God is a necessary theme due to the fact that certain legal stipulations and contextual based principles and norms are embedded in the idea of the kingdom of God in the Old and New Testament. There are also certain prescriptions within the theocratic system of Israel in its specific context that may not and cannot be directly applied to the modern day societal context. The message of the Bible must thus be established in a responsible and valid way, and communicated effectively to modern

  14. Domestic Violence in Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God: A Feminist Reading

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    Parmis Tasharofi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God is one of the acclaimed boldly feminist novels of the 20th century. In general, this article draws on feminism and what looms large in feminism which is called sexism. In particular it focuses on domestic violence as a major sexist oppression. Domestic violence aroused by jealousy, anger, coercion, humiliation, threatening is manifest in verbal and physical abusing of women. Hurston skillfully depicts her heroine's undergoing of domestic violence by her husbands, each in different ways. This article aims to show that how the black heroine's battling with this violence purports to feminism and self-discovery of women. Keywords: Patriarchy, Domestic household, Domestic violence, Sexism, Feminism

  15. Death without God: religious struggle, death concerns, and depression in the terminally ill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmondson, Donald; Park, Crystal L; Chaudoir, Stephenie R; Wortmann, Jennifer H

    2008-08-01

    Religious worldviews often provide comfort near the end of life, but they can cause distress if life circumstances are perceived as evidence of God's disfavor. This study, the first to test terror management theory (TMT) with terminally ill participants, examined the hypothesis that concerns about death mediate the relationship between religious struggle (and religious comfort) and depression in the terminally ill. Ninety-eight patients with end-stage congestive heart failure (CHF) completed measures of religious comfort, religious struggle, belief in an afterlife, concerns about death, and depression. In separate hierarchical linear regression models that controlled for degree of belief in an afterlife, death concerns fully mediated the relationships between religious struggle and depression and between religious comfort and depression. These findings suggest that religious struggle is a breakdown in the terror management system that leaves the individual vulnerable to the terror of death, and that properly functioning religious worldviews offer comfort by buffering the individual against death concerns.

  16. Cities of God in northern Asia minor: Using Stark's social theories to reconstruct Peter's communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark W. Wilson

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article used seven hypotheses from R. Stark�s Cities of God (2007 as a heuristic tool toinvestigate the rise of Christianity in the five Roman provinces mentioned in 1 Peter 1:1. It affirmed that the Christian communities in these provinces were located in an urban, not rural, setting. Building on the research of Hort and Hemer, seven major cities in these provinces were proposed to test Stark�s hypotheses with. These cities are Sinope and Amisus in Pontus, Ancyra in Galatia, Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia, Dorylaeum in Asia and Nicea and Nicomedia in Bithynia. An important factor noted in several of these cities was their prominence as a commercial seaport and the presence of a Diaspora Jewish community. Utilising this methodological approach helped to elucidate more fully the audience of 1 Peter�s geographic and historical background.

  17. 南海神庙与船拳%Nanhai God Temple and Boxing in Ship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡华

    2013-01-01

    南海神有庇护、救助和巡海功能,南海频繁的海上活动孕育和成就了船拳。承载中华传统文化精髓的船拳对于打击猖獗的海盗势力,丰富千年庙会,维护航海活动及中外贸易的安全起到了至关重要的作用。%the God of Nanhai asylum , assistance and patrol sea , South China Sea frequent sea activities gestation and the achievements of the ship .Bearing the essence of Chinese traditional culture ship boxing to combat rampant piracy , enrich the Millennium Temple , maintenance of maritime activities and foreign trade security plays a crucial role in.

  18. Heroism and Imperialism in the Arctic: Edwin Landseer’s Man Proposes – God Disposes

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    Ingeborg Høvik

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Edwin Landseer contributed the painting Man Proposes - God Disposes (Royal Holloway College, Egham, showing two polar bears amongst the remnants of a failed Arctic expedition, to the Royal Academy's annual exhibition of 1864. As contemporary nineteenth-century reviews of this exhibition show, the British public commonly associated Landseer's painting with the lost Arctic expedition of sir John Franklin, who had set out to find the Northwest Passage in 1845. Despite Landseer's gloomy representation of a present-day human disaster and, in effect, of British exploration in the Arctic, the painting became a public success upon its first showing. I will argue that a major reason why the painting became a success, was because Landseer's version of the Franklin expedition's fate offered a closure to the whole Franklin tragedy that corresponded to British nineteenth-century views on heroism and British-ness.

  19. Die ontwikkeling van die menslike bewussyn: Die postmoderne vraag na God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignatius (Naas W. Ferreira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of the human consciousness: The postmodern quest for GodThis article critically reflects upon ‘emerging Christians’ – those who have departed from a premodern (theistic and modernist (secular view of reality, and have rather embraced postmodernity in response to the cognitive dissonance they experience due to a clash of epistemological paradigms. The article discusses psychological theories on the development of human consciousness, and describes seven levels or stages of such development, namely the archaic, magical, mythological, rational, pluralistic, holistic and transpersonal levels. The article focuses on Ken Wilber’s integral psychological theory, better known as AQAL (All Quadrants, All Levels and All Lines, which also covers the internal and external dimensions of human consciousness, including an integral view on the so-called ‘states of human consciousness’. In doing so, the article aims to contribute to that aspect of pastoral care that focuses on psychological theory.

  20. The Gods Within On the Vedic understanding of mind and neuroscience

    CERN Document Server

    Kak, S

    2000-01-01

    Mind is the last frontier of science. We observe the physical universe through our mind, yet we have no clear idea how mind functions, how memories are stored and recalled and what is the origin of our subjective feelings. Is this level of ignorance a result of the reductionist nature of the tools that have been used in the study of mind and consciousness? If that is so, will an approach that has a different philosophical basis help? It is for this reason we turn to an examination of Indic psychology--based on a holistic view of reality--, where the central concern is self and awareness. We provide evidence that the "gods" of Indic mythology are cognitive centers in the brain. Without forcing our own interpretation on ancient material, we let the texts speak for themselves. Parallels are drawn using our recent insights from neurscience.

  1. The Forgotten Asclepieion of Peparithos and the Islander Worshippers of the Snake God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsoucalas, Gregory; Karamanou, Marianna; Laios, Konstantinos; Sgantzos, Markos; Androutsos, George

    2016-02-01

    The ancient Asclepieion of the island of Peparithos, modern Skopelos, had been build in an ideal position, one kilometer from the ancient city of Peparithos. The angry north Aegean Sea brought in the surface its north wall at the beginning of the 60s decade. The monument was identified as an Asclepieion from one partially saved ceramic inscription "ASCL…" (Greek: ΑΣΚΛ…). The sanctuary was surrounded by covered walkway (Greek: στοά) and it is dated at the early years of the fourth century BC. It is possible that god Apollo and goddess Artemis were worshiped in parallel. The monument reflects the culture of Peparitheans and the importance given toward the holistic treatment for the patients.

  2. Finding God through the Spirituality of the 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeff Sandoz

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The 12 Step program of Alcoholics Anonymous has provided relief for individuals recovering from alcoholism for over 75 years. The key to the recovery process is a spiritual experience as the result of practicing the daily discipline of the 12 Steps, a process which evokes a psychic change sufficient to recover from this disease. Although a relatively new spiritual discipline, the 12 Step program is built upon a foundation of much older and more traditional paths to God including devotion, understanding, service and meditation. Recent research provides insights into the 12 Step program. Specifically, the path of recovery is highlighted by the reduction of resentment and the promotion of forgiveness which are key factors of recovery.

  3. Between humans and beasts: the fictional uncanny in The Great God Pan and Shame

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirley de Souza Gomes Carreira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p91 The purpose of this work is to analyze two fictional works, Arthur Machen’s novella The Great God Pan and Salman Rushdie’s novel Shame, which contain unusual situations and events, examining them to discuss how the fantastic elements in both texts relate to the  context of production of the works, that is, respectively, the nineteenth century and the second half of the twentieth century. Machen promoted a break with the tradition of horror stories, then in vogue, and Rushdie introduced features of Magical Realism into the Indian Postcolonial Literature. Temporally distant, the two works resort to the same device, typical of fantastic fiction, the metamorphosis of characters, and, through it, the authors build a subliminal criticism of the political and social system dominant in their own time.

  4. The Similarities and Differences of Ghazali’s and Tomas’s Viewpoints on Sight God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadmahdi Meshkati

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available   There are always input and output of Thoughts and beliefs among scientists that they include similarities and differences. The argument under consideration on the Islamic theology and in the Christianity is the sight of God that the commentators of the two books Quran and gospel expressed their opinions on it. Mohammad Gazeli ’ s and Tomas ’ s viewpoint investigated in this study. It is criticized the similarities and dissimilarities between them.   The results of this study strengthen the discussion of the religions in the Epistemology domain. The similarities of Ghazali and Tomas ’ s viewpoints are:1. They both believe in narration and wisdom in thrie discussion   2. both of them believe in the role of Gnosticism in Epistemology comprehension of religion. The mentioned examples and clarification on each subject in the text are to the readers familiar more fluently with the viewpoints.

  5. The Similarities and Differences of Ghazali’s and Tomas’s Viewpoints on Sight God

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meshkati, M

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available There are always input and output of Thoughts and beliefs among scientists that they include similarities and differences. The argument under consideration on the Islamic theology and in the Christianity is the sight of God that the commentators of the two books Quran and gospel expressed their opinions on it. Mohammad Gazeli’s and Tomas’s viewpoint investigated in this study. It is criticized the similarities and dissimilarities between them.The results of this study strengthen the discussion of the religions in the Epistemology domain. The similarities of Ghazali and Tomas’s viewpoints are:1. They both believe in narration and wisdom in thrie discussion2. both of them believe in the role of Gnosticism in Epistemology comprehension of religion. The mentioned examples and clarification on each subject in the text are to the readers familiar more fluently with the viewpoints.

  6. The Problem of God in History in the Works of Wolfhart Pannenberg (Its Philosophical, Dogmatic, and Ecumenical Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Lavrentyev

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The author studies the problem of the working of God in history, a subject which was constitutive of the German Protestant theologian’s Wolfhart Pannenberg (*1928 theology of history. This article examines the philosophical, dogmatic, and ecumenical aspects of the problem. Philosophical aspects include the idea of God as both transcendent and imminent in the world, the eternal history of God in Himself, and the dependence of God on the history of the world. The contributions of Hegel, Kierkegaard, and the theologian Karl Barth are taken into account. The dogmatic aspect involves the doctrines concerning divine revelation and the Trinity. Pannenberg’s theory of the union between the historical revelation of the triune God and the inner (imminent divine life of the Trinity is discussed. His idea of the historical-soteriological activity of the persons of the Blessed Trinity and the way in which the divine persons inter-relate in the unity of the Trinity is analyzed, especially in the way this is revealed in the action of the divine economy or history of salvation, the central events of which are the cross and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The author does not forget to mention the way Pannenberg explains the perichoresic rapport existing between the divine persons of the Trinity. The author continues with a survey of the later works of Pannenberg, in which the German theologian develops his ideas concerning the eschatological perspectives of the divine economy as related to the revelation of the world to come already anticipated in the Kingdom of God and in the being of the Trinity. The ecumenical aspects of Pannenberg’s theology include the way he sets forth the problem of the relationship between the imminent and economic doctrine of the Trinity, a question which has become a subject of inter-Christian dialogue. The author fi nally reflects on the arguments of western theologians who have identified the working of the imminent and

  7. Using Prayer as an Intervention with Clients Who Are Substance Abusing and Addicted and Who Self-Identify Personal Faith in God and Prayer as Recovery Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juhnke, Gerald A.; Watts, Richard E.; Guerra, Norma S.; Hsieh, Peggy

    2009-01-01

    This article describes how the authors use prayer with clients who self-identify their personal faith in God and who have used prayer as a helpful recovery agent or who believe prayer would be helpful to their personal recovery.

  8. The Interactive Play and a Persuasive God: A Psychoanalytic Approach to Re-envisioning Pastoral Care and Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Jung Eun

    2016-06-01

    The purpose of this article is to present a sketch of a new image of pastoral care and counseling, which reflects the psychoanalytic understanding of the interacting transference and countertransference matrix, along with a process view of God in a mutually influencing relationship with creatures. A more effective approach in pastoral care and counseling can be conceptualized as the interactive play in which pastoral caregivers and receivers co-create a therapeutic relationship with their own past experiences and their creative capabilities. The interactive play is a concept of describing the mutually influencing relationship in the transference and countertransference interchange. The article introduces the concept of a persuasive God as a new image of pastoral care and counseling which includes aspects of the mutually interacting process in play.

  9. As it is in heaven? John Paul II listened to God and misunderstood the message.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-10-27

    This articles focuses on John Paul II's 1993 Veritatis Splendor, an 1798 page encyclical letter to the Church's bishops on the crisis in the Catholic Church of family limitation and the implications for the laity and society. The communication states that a flexible interpretation of theology must be abandoned. Paul VI's 19963 Humanae Vitae is reportedly affirmed. John XXIII's spiritualism and concern with conscience is ignored. This encyclical is identified as not spoken "ex cathedra" or from the throne, which would have made the pronouncement true, unarguable forever, and subject to excommunication for those disobeying. Pope John Paul II is said to be preparing another encyclical on life issues and sexuality. Reference is made in this encyclical to devices that are acceptable to use to gauge a safe period for copulation without impregnation. The devices include the rectal thermometer and the calculator for determining the infertile days in the natural cycle. Veritatis Splendor's position on fertility is viewed as an issue of loyalty to the Church and not as an honest evaluation of the moral implications of artificial birth control. This encyclical comes closer to "ex cathedra" than the Humanae Vitae, which banned the birth control pill, IUD, spermicides, hormonal implants, vasectomies, and tubal ligation. Liberal Catholic theologians are reported to have interpreted Paul VI's statement that "God illuminates from within the hearts of the faithful and invites their assent," as a validation of dissent. Pope John Paul II closes the door to dissent in this proclamation. The Church also closes the door to free will for people to decide for themselves. The Jesuits, with different notions of divine will, are described as potentially concluding that the denial of free will and individual reason for the sake of Papal supremacy must be the work of the devil himself. For good Catholics this encyclical is interpreted as potentially forcing even stronger opposition to the

  10. The world, entanglement, and God: Quantum theory and the Christian doctrine of creation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegter-McNelly, Kirk Matthew

    The adequacy of classical physics' mechanistic worldview is called into question by an "entanglement" interpretation of quantum nonlocal correlations, which suggests a relational holistic account of physical processes. Albert Einstein rejected the possibility of such behavior, but recent experiments confirm its existence in the world. The concept of entanglement provides an especially fruitful locus for appropriating quantum insights into theological reflection because it bridges two otherwise antithetical interpretations of the theory, the indeterministic "Copenhagen" version developed by Niels Bohr and the deterministic version later discovered by David Bohm. Entanglement also offers an opportunity to explore what Robert Russell has called the method of "mutual interaction," by which theology can play a legitimate heuristic role in scientific research programs even as it responds to scientific discoveries. The concept of entanglement offers rich possibilities for developing a theological program within which to situate an ecological, trinitarian understanding of creation. In particular, a theological appropriation of entanglement can strengthen an ecological approach such as that of Sallie McFague, who argues powerfully for the importance of naturalistic metaphors in crafting a cosmic vision of wholeness but whose use of "organic" metaphors does not entirely eliminate the specter of mechanism. Entanglement can also strengthen a trinitarian approach such as one finds in Wolfhart Pannenberg, whose relational understanding of creation remains mechanistic insofar as it depends primarily on classical rather than quantum field theory. According to the theological approach developed in this dissertation, a trinitarian relational God creates a universe that is entangled with itself and, as a result of the incarnation, also with God. Additionally, this theological perspective leads to the scientific prediction that no complete solution to the quantum measurement problem

  11. World of Gods and Ghosts Reflected in Inscriptions on Shells and Bones%卜辞所见殷人心目中的鬼神世界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林志强

    2012-01-01

    殷墟甲骨卜辞是殷人卜祭诸神的实录,祭祀对象涉及殷代所有神灵。殷人所构筑的天神系统、地祇系统和人鬼系统,生动呈现了上古社会精神世界的一个侧面,奠定了中国传统宗教鬼神世界的基本模式,其造神特征和对自然神祇的尊卑态度也对后世产生了深远影响。%The inscriptions on shells and bones found at the Yin Dynasty ruins are authentic records of practicing divination and offering sacrifices to the gods or ancestors in the Shang Dynasty. With all gods involved, people then developed their own system of Heavens, system of gods of mountains and rivers, and system of an- cestors and ghosts respectively, which vividly presents one picture of spiritual world in the ancient society and makes a basic model of traditional world of gods and ghosts in the religion. That all gods are endowed with and that people's attitudes to the gods have a far-reaching effect on their descendants.

  12. "In those days the distances were all very different": alienation in Ernest Hemingway's "God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitzke, Shannon Whitlock

    2010-01-01

    This essay explores the significance of the opening paragraph of Hemingway's "God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen," examining the perplexing but necessary comparison of two seemingly unrelated locales, Kansas City and Constantinople. Early drafts of the story include substantively different introductions. In the published story, however, Hemingway's reliance on a barren physical topography establishes the emotional climate, uniting two distant cities to suggest that the impoverishment of modern urban life is the root cause of the story's tragedy.

  13. The Power Of Language On the Narrative Strategies of Their Eyes Were Watching God and The Colour Purple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙彦彦

    2008-01-01

    Their Eyes Were Watching God and The Colour Purple are very famous in the black woman literature.The two novels have something in common.They both record the growth of woman.The two novels share the same theme and reach the same goal by different routes.The two novels adopt two different narrative strategies to express the process of personal development.

  14. Unpacking religious affiliation: Exploring associations between Christian children's religious cultural context, God image, and self-esteem across development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Erin I; Crosby, Robert G

    2017-03-01

    In developmental research, religiousness is typically measured with omnibus affiliation or attendance variables that underspecify how the religious cultural contexts and experiences that affiliation represents influence developmental outcomes. This study explores associations between five aspects of a religious cultural context (family religiosity, religious schooling, church-based relationships with peers and adults, and view of God) in 844 seven- to 12-year-old Christian children to examine how they differentially predict self-esteem. Results of a structural equation model (SEM) analysis indicated that God image and peer church relationships directly predicted self-esteem, whereas God image mediated the influence of adult church relationships and family religious practices on self-esteem. A multiple group SEM analysis met the criterion for weak, but not strong, evidence that self-esteem is more related to younger children's adult church relationships but older children's peer church relationships. God image tended to be more related to younger children's family religious practices but older children's adult church relationships. Implications for developmental researchers and practitioners are discussed. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Religious affiliation is an omnibus variable representing multiple contexts of development. Self-esteem is an important outcome variable with different influences across development. Religious affiliation is associated with increased self-esteem. What does this study add? Children's experience in the contexts of religious affiliation influences development differently. It is not just affiliation, but specific religious contexts that influence children's self-esteem. The role of religious contexts in shaping children's self-esteem shifts across development. © 2016 The British Psychological Society.

  15. For God (or) country: the hydraulic relation between government instability and belief in religious sources of control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Aaron C; Shepherd, Steven; Blatz, Craig W; Chua, Sook Ning; Galinsky, Adam D

    2010-11-01

    It has been recently proposed that people can flexibly rely on sources of control that are both internal and external to the self to satisfy the need to believe that their world is under control (i.e., that events do not unfold randomly or haphazardly). Consistent with this, past research demonstrates that, when personal control is threatened, people defend external systems of control, such as God and government. This theoretical perspective also suggests that belief in God and support for governmental systems, although seemingly disparate, will exhibit a hydraulic relationship with one another. Using both experimental and longitudinal designs in Eastern and Western cultures, the authors demonstrate that experimental manipulations or naturally occurring events (e.g., electoral instability) that lower faith in one of these external systems (e.g., the government) lead to subsequent increases in faith in the other (e.g., God). In addition, mediation and moderation analyses suggest that specific concerns with order and structure underlie these hydraulic effects. Implications for the psychological, sociocultural, and sociopolitical underpinnings of religious faith, as well as system justification theory, are discussed.

  16. The Sculptures of the Earth God in Yungang Grottoes%云冈石窟中的地神造像

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解华

    2012-01-01

    When "Suvarnaprabh Asottamasutra" was translated and became prevalent in the east,the Earth God from it also had impacts on the shaping of Yungang Grottoes.The Earth God didn't appear in 'Xiang Mo Pin',but its images could be found in all phases of Yungang Grottoes,and the sculpture images are very mature,which provide a good reference and basis for further research of Earth God.%北凉昙无谶翻译的《金光明经》广为流行,所宣扬的地神造像也随着佛教东传,对云冈石窟产生了重大影响。地神造像虽然在云冈石窟雕像的降魔品中并没有出现,但其形象在云冈石窟早、中、晚期洞窟中都有所表现,且雕刻成熟,运用自如随意,为以后地神的雕刻传承提供了参照和依据。

  17. She Had a Name That God Didn’t Give Her: Thinking the Body through Atheistic Black Radical Feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marquis Bey

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article attempts to demonstrate the necessity of acknowledging the body when considering the current Black Lives Matter movement, give an account of Black female and trans erasure, and ultimately (reaffirm the lived embodiment of Black, female, and trans bodies, all through an atheistic lens. Atheism here, while indeed denying the existence of gods, has as its primary concern affirming life. Too often is theology, as theologian Anthony Pinn says, “a theology of no-body”; thus atheistic feminist Blackness, as understood here, seeks to entrench the body rather than abstract it. Atheistic feminist Blackness reinscribes and affirms the subjectivity and humanity of Black, female, and trans bodies, countering hegemonic discourse that explicitly and implicitly states otherwise. The article’s emphasis of an atheistic posture stems from the prescient words of Catherine Keller: “atheist or agnostic feminists ignore the God-word at their own peril.” Therefore, the Black feminist ideological argument takes the “God-word” seriously, reckons with it, and offers an alternative to a theological tradition that often imbues the body with inherent flaw (sin, abstraction (soul, and erasure of the ontological value of Black, female, and noncisgendered bodies.

  18. Effekten på sangsvane ved etablering af en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, J. K.; Clausen, P.

    I forbindelse med planerne om at etablere en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods ønskes en redegørelse af de mulige konsekvenser for forekomsten af vandfugle. Ved den påtænkte placering kommer vindmølleparken til at støde op til EF-fuglebeskyttelsesområde nr. 15/Ramsar-område nr. 11. Redegørelsen...... koncentrerer sig om sangsvane, idet den både er den talrigeste og den vigtigste vandfugleart i området. Sangsvanerne forekommer regelmæssigt ved Overgaard i et antal der svarer til mere end 1% af hele den kontinentale nordvesteuropæiske fly-way bestand. En forekomst på 1% og derover bruges som mål...... for klassificering af et område af international betydning. Med udgangspunkt i sangsvane vurderes den påtænkte vindmøllepark i relation til 1) effekten på antal og fordeling af fugle, dels i Overgaard området som helhed og, dels i EF-fuglebeskyttelses-/Ramsar-området, og 2) risiko for kollisioner. Vindmølleparkens...

  19. Effekten på sangsvane ved etablering af en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, J. K.; Clausen, P.

    I forbindelse med planerne om at etablere en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods ønskes en redegørelse af de mulige konsekvenser for forekomsten af vandfugle. Ved den påtænkte placering kommer vindmølleparken til at støde op til EF-fuglebeskyttelsesområde nr. 15/Ramsar-område nr. 11. Redegørelsen...... for klassificering af et område af international betydning. Med udgangspunkt i sangsvane vurderes den påtænkte vindmøllepark i relation til 1) effekten på antal og fordeling af fugle, dels i Overgaard området som helhed og, dels i EF-fuglebeskyttelses-/Ramsar-området, og 2) risiko for kollisioner. Vindmølleparkens...... grad afhænge af både den lokale og den regionale afgrødesammensætning og -fordeling. Etablering af mølleparken vurderes ikke at ville have nogen negativ effekt på forekomsten af sangsvaner inden for EF-fuglebeskyttelses-/Ramsar-området, da det kun perifert berøres af forstyrrelsesområdet omkring...

  20. Beer and wine in antiquity: beneficial remedy or punishment imposed by the Gods?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosso, Ana Maria

    2012-01-01

    Different types of alcoholic beverages such as wine and beer were used in ancient times for various medicinal purposes. Being the oldest and probably the most widely used drugs, they were known to have some therapeutic value, in addition to the vital part they played in the daily life of people. Ethanol is produced by fermentation of a variety of plants and consumed either in a diluted form or concentrated by distillation to concoct alcoholic beverages. Beer made of fermented barley is an alcoholic drink that was believed to contain a spirit or a god. It is a drink of relatively low alcohol content with supernatural properties. The same was believed for wine. Considered to be divine, these beverages were the long sought elixirs of life and appeared in religious ceremonies, in mythology, and in social meals, such as the Greek symposia. In addition, these alcoholic drinks were considered to be a remedy for practically every disease and, therefore, were a common ingredient in ancient prescriptions. They were used as anaesthetics that dull the pain, as stimulants, as analgesics, as antiseptics to cleanse wounds and relieve pain, as emetics, as digestives, as antidotes for plant poisoning, for bites and stings, and as purifiers. However, we should not overlook the harmful effects of alcohol abuse such as drunkenness, chronic liver disease and, in modern terminology, infirmities that included pancreatitis, cardiomyopathy, peripheral neuropathy, dementia, and central nervous system disorders.

  1. Sustaining the imaginative life: mythology and fantasy in Neil Gaiman’s American gods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Slabbert

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available This examination of “American gods” argues that mythology is the bedrock for creative and poetic expression in literature that explores and comments on the universality of contemporary human concerns in a world where the spiritual link with the gods has largely been severed and belief systems have mostly lost their meaning. The discussion investigates and identifies the significance of shamanic properties and practices as elements which aid the protagonist Shadow Moon in his journey of self-discovery, and illustrates that the novel’s mythification represents an attempt to “reach below the surface of modern superficialities and reconnect with something old and mysterious within the depths of our soul” (Freke, 1999:6. Gaiman’s unique style in conveying tales that have fashioned the past, the manner in which he evokes the meeting-place of science, fantasy, myth, and magic, and the synthesis he fashions between the ancient and the modern illustrate that the imaginative life is sustained by the incorporation of mythical motifs as creative device. The blending of mythical elements in “American gods” and its restorative project of putting the reader in touch with the profound inner spiritual world validate investigation.

  2. The Interpretation of Motifs in The Color Purple—Based on Their Eyes were Watching God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Du Juan

    2016-01-01

    美国作家佐拉.尼尔.赫斯顿的《他们仰望上苍》与黑人作家爱丽丝.沃克的《紫色》关注的都是黑人女性的觉醒以及她们与父权社会的抗争.因此,爱丽丝.沃克在佐拉.尼尔.赫斯顿的主题思想的基础上,在其作品《紫色》中阐述了三方面的主题,即:女性的经济独立、女性自我意识的觉醒和两性关系的发展.%Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God and Alice Walker's The Color Purple are concerned with African-American women's self-awareness and fighting with the patriarchy. Therefore, Alice Walker inherits the motifs of from Zora Neale Hurston and she develops the motifs in three aspects: the depiction of women's economic independence; the development of women's self-awareness and the improvement of relationship between women and men.

  3. LEY NATURAL E IMAGEN DE DIOS NATURAL LAW AND IMAGE OF GOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Aranda

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A la luz del reciente documento de la Comisión Teológica Internacional, el autor desarrolla en este artículo algunas breves observaciones sobre la teología de la imagen de Dios ( imago Dei y su íntima relación con la ley natural. En este sentido, expone el itinerario de dicha relación indicando algunos aspectos históricos más significativos: desde el pensamiento patrístico, pasando por la gran escolástica medieval, hasta alcanzar la teología y el magisterio contemporáneos, en los que esa doctrina fundamental está pasando a ocupar de nuevo el lugar relevante que le corresponde.In light of the recent document of the International Theological Commission, the author develops in this article some brief comments on the theology of God's image (imago Dei and its intimate relationship with the natural law. In this sense, describes the itinerary of the relationship between imago Dei and natural law indicating the most significant historical aspects, from the patristic thought, to the great medieval scholastic, reaching the contemporary theology and teaching, in which this fundamental doctrine is going to take back the rightful prominent place.

  4. Fellowship at orita: A critical analysis of the leadership crisis in the Assemblies of God, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams O. Mbamalu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is a critical analysis of the present crisis in the Assemblies of God, Nigeria (AGN. A background history of the church is given to show how growth had taken place and how decline had set in. Doing this involves analysing the factors responsible for the present crisis that has brought the church to its knees. The article finds that the AGN’s membership and leadership are dominated by the Igbo ethnic group whose worldviews are known to be highly competitive, individualistic and ‘pantomimic’. The AGN’s constitution and bye-laws do not include a clause that prevents pastors from the same ethnic group from holding the two top-most positions of the General Superintendent and the Assistant General Superintendent at the same time. Therefore the article submits that the AGN should amend its constitution to deal with these pertinent issues. The significance of the article is that it calls the attention of other Pentecostal denominations in Nigeria and the rest of Africa to the crisis-ridden AGN, whose eschatological and Pentecostal persuasion is at orita [the crossroads] and urges them to learn from it.

  5. The Uses and Abuses of Censorship: God, Ireland and the Battle to Extend Censorship Post 1929

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Keating

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The passage of the 1929 Censorship of Publications Act marked a significant development for the inclusion of Irish Catholic teaching into the Free State’s legal system. Notwithstanding this, many on the fundamentalist wing of Irish Catholicism felt let down by the scope of the Act. Censorship, under the Act, was limited to issues of sex, sexual morality, contraception and abortion and excluded attacks on the Catholic faith and the denial of God, all of which were viewed as blasphemy, and therefore the legitimate focus of censorship, by many of those who had lobbied for the extension of censorship. The Catholic Truth Society of Ireland (CTSI was in the vanguard of lobbying for the introduction of the 1929 Act and played the leading role in its policing. The CTSI was unstinting in its efforts to officially and surreptitiously extend censorship. This article traces the correspondence of the CTSI with politicians, the Catholic hierarchy and a leading print distributor, in order to demonstrate how the organization sought to extend literary censorship to encompass blasphemy, through the application of moral, economic and political pressure. A campaign that had at its heart the desire to control the actions and thoughts of the Irish people.

  6. Liefde in die familie van God 'n Beskrywende uiteensetting van familiale liefdesverhoudinge in die Johannesevangelie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. G. van der Watt

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Love in the family of God. A descriptive expositin of familial love in the Gospel of John. Love is the central ethical term in John's Gospel. The meaning of the term is often misunderstood. This article investigates the use of the term in John's Gospel, especially within its familial context. It is established that, reverentially, love includes loyalty towards members of the community and the acceptance of responsibility. This implies that love is expressed in actions. It works reciprocally. The Father sets the example which should be followed in obedience by the children. The nature of love depends on the situation. In the case of the Father love is expressed by giving his Son to die on the cross. In the case of the disciples, love is expressed by them obediently following the commands of the Father and the Son. In both cases it involves giving something, whether it is your Son or life, or in the case of the disciples, themselves.

  7. Synergistic anticancer effects of triptolide and celastrol, two main compounds from thunder god vine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Qi-Wei; Cheng, Ke-Jun; Mei, Xiao-Long; Qiu, Jian-Ge; Zhang, Wen-Ji; Xue, You-Qiu; Qin, Wu-Ming; Yang, Yang; Zheng, Di-Wei; Chen, Yao; Wei, Meng-Ning; Zhang, Xu; Lv, Min; Chen, Mei-Wan; Wei, Xing; Shi, Zhi

    2015-10-20

    Triptolide and celastrol are two main active compounds isolated from Thunder God Vine with the potent anticancer activity. However, the anticancer effect of triptolide in combination with celastrol is still unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that the combination of triptolide with celastrol synergistically induced cell growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and apoptosis with the increased intracellular ROS accumulation in cancer cells. Pretreatment with ROS scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine dramatically blocked the apoptosis induced by co-treatment with triptolide and celastrol. Treatment with celastrol alone led to the decreased expressions of HSP90 client proteins including survivin, AKT, EGFR, which was enhanced by the addition of triptolide. Additionally, the celastrol-induced expression of HSP70 and HSP27 was abrogated by triptolide. In the nude mice with xenograft tumors, the lower-dose combination of triptolide with celastrol significantly inhibited the growth of tumors without obvious toxicity. Overall, triptolide in combination with celastrol showed outstanding synergistic anticancer effect in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that this beneficial combination may offer a promising treatment option for cancer patients.

  8. Did God Break the Sabbath? Astrosociology and Christian Fundamentalism in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAdamis, J. D. Eric

    2009-03-01

    The modern era has witnessed many progressive religious traditions liberally accommodating scientific explanations and incorporating them into their interpretation of religious texts. For most religions, and their adherents, a similar acceptance of astrobiology and the search for life elsewhere in the universe can be expected. Not all faith traditions are likely to be so accepting however, and Christian fundamentalism in the United States, animated by biblical literalism, promises to be one particularly potent exception. The outspoken and politically powerful opposition Christian fundamentalists have mounted against some of the cornerstones of modern science, including evolution and the age of the Earth, ominously project another information battleground looming in the future of astrosociology. Specifically, any evidence of a "second genesis" could be seen as threatening to the belief that humans are the center of God's attention and as a validation of the theory of evolution. Consequently, the "alternative science apparatus" of the fundamentalist movement could be expected to argue in favor of one-way panspermia, originating from Earth, whenever and wherever evidence of life beyond Earth is found. To prevent astrobiology from becoming the next hotly contested information battleground between science and religion, more attention should be paid to the particular segments of the faithful in society that are likely to react negatively to any new evidence that astrobiology may produce.

  9. [A review of the principle mythical gods in ancient greek medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lips Castro, Walter; Urenda Arias, Catalina

    2014-12-01

    Like their prehistoric ancestors, the people of early civilizations lived related to the supernatural. Facing life-threatening situations, such as illness and death, people of ancient civilizations resorted to divination, prophecy, or the oracle. Regarding the curative activities of the ancient Greek civilization, there was a period in which these processes were exclusively linked to a supernatural perspective of the origin of disease. This stage of development of Greek healing practices corresponds to what might be called pre-Hippocratic Greek medicine. In ancient Greek civilization, myths exerted a strong influence on the concepts of disease and the healing processes. Although the first divine figure of Greek mythology related to medicine was Paeon, healing cults related to Apollo and Asclepius had a higher importance in tradition and Greek mythology. The Apollonian divine healing consisted in the ability to eliminate chaos and keep away evil, while in the Asclepian perspective, the role of healer was linked to specific procedures. Personal and medical skills allowed Asclepius to surpass his father and achieve his final consecration as a god of medicine.

  10. Broad supernatural punishment but not moralizing high gods precede the evolution of political complexity in Austronesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Joseph; Greenhill, Simon J; Atkinson, Quentin D; Currie, Thomas E; Bulbulia, Joseph; Gray, Russell D

    2015-04-07

    Supernatural belief presents an explanatory challenge to evolutionary theorists-it is both costly and prevalent. One influential functional explanation claims that the imagined threat of supernatural punishment can suppress selfishness and enhance cooperation. Specifically, morally concerned supreme deities or 'moralizing high gods' have been argued to reduce free-riding in large social groups, enabling believers to build the kind of complex societies that define modern humanity. Previous cross-cultural studies claiming to support the MHG hypothesis rely on correlational analyses only and do not correct for the statistical non-independence of sampled cultures. Here we use a Bayesian phylogenetic approach with a sample of 96 Austronesian cultures to test the MHG hypothesis as well as an alternative supernatural punishment hypothesis that allows punishment by a broad range of moralizing agents. We find evidence that broad supernatural punishment drives political complexity, whereas MHGs follow political complexity. We suggest that the concept of MHGs diffused as part of a suite of traits arising from cultural exchange between complex societies. Our results show the power of phylogenetic methods to address long-standing debates about the origins and functions of religion in human society. © 2015 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  11. The uniqueness of the Islamic experience: historical context, revelation and conception of God (Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Frederico Barboza de Souza

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to present important aspects of Islamic spirituality. To this end, it starts with a presentation of the historical context in which Islam appears in order to place the roots that will give a specific configuration to this religious experience. In that aspect, the life and the figure of the Prophet Muḥammad are fundamental as well as the historical context of the Arabian Peninsula and its socio-political and religious perspectives. Then, one begins to handle on the conception of singular revelation that Islam has from the experience with the angel Gabriel in which content is transmitted and should be repeated without alteration by the followers of this revelation. In this aspect, the prospect about the revelation in Islam differs from the Judeo-Christian conception, in which the revelation has a historical perspective. Finally, this article will deal with the Islamic conception of God, especially as such conception nods to the central point in the Muslim spirituality: the divine omnipotence and the search for unity.

  12. Hand of God, Mind of Man: Punishment and Cognition in the Evolution of Cooperation*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominic Johnson

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of human cooperation remains a puzzle because cooperation persists even in conditions that rule out mainstream explanations. We present a novel solution that links two recent theories. First, Johnson & Kruger (2004 suggested that ancestral cooperation was promoted because norm violations were deterred by the threat of supernatural punishment. However, this only works if individuals attribute negative life events (or a prospective afterlife as intentionally caused by supernatural agents. A complementary cognitive mechanism is therefore required. Recently, Bering and Shackelford (2004 suggested precisely this. The evolution of “theory of mind” and, specifically, the “intentionality system” (a cognitive system devoted to making inferences about the epistemic contents and intentions of other minds, strongly favoured: (1 the selection of human psychological traits for monitoring and controlling the flow of social information within groups; and (2 attributions of life events to supernatural agency. We argue that natural selection favoured such attributions because, in a cognitively sophisticated social environment, a fear of supernatural punishment steered individuals away from costly social transgressions resulting from unrestrained, evolutionarily ancestral, selfish interest (acts which would rapidly become known to others, and thereby incur an increased probability and severity of punishment by group members. As long as the net costs of selfish actions from real-world punishment by group members exceeded the net costs of lost opportunities from self-imposed norm abiding, then god-fearing individuals would outcompete non-believers.

  13. God particles in the perspective of The AlQuran Surah Yunus: 61 and modern science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumini, Sri

    2017-01-01

    The Qur'an is the book of Allah revealed to guide human beings, settting the rules of life to enable them to achieve happiness in this world and hereafter. The Qur'an has mentioned various scientific nature detailly and accurately so we are able to find new knowledge which is previously unknown by human being. One was about the God particle (Higgs Boson). This article aims to provide a deeper understanding of the concept of the Higgs Boson, the Higgs Boson explained this concept in detail relatated to 1) Perspective of science 2) Perspective of Al-Qur'an 3) Development of technology or science and technology. This study is a qualitative research using library research (library research) that examines and analyzes the books relating directly or indirectly. The results of the analysis states that 1) The concept of the Higgs Boson particle in terms of basic science is also the reason why almost all elementary particles have a greater mass, 2) The concept of the Higgs Boson in the Qur'an is implied from the results of the comparison interpretation of the commentators in Surah Yunus paragraph 61 related to Atom concepts and smaller particles theory of (Higgs Boson), interpretation of Al-Maraghi, and Al-Misbah. 3) The concept of the Higgs Boson in science and technology provide the most advance technology and it is the greatest achievement in the world of science and technology.

  14. "Thank you God": religion and recovery from dual diagnosis among low-income African Americans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitley, Rob

    2012-02-01

    People with lived experience of dual diagnosis face specific challenges in that they have struggled with both severe mental illness and substance use disorder simultaneously. I conducted a 6-year ethnographic study with poor African Americans with lived experience of dual diagnosis in Washington, DC, to assess barriers and facilitators to recovery. In this paper, I analyze the relationship between religion and recovery. I set out to answer two research questions: (a) What is the self-identified role of religious commitment and activity in participants' recovery from dual diagnosis? (b) What (if any) religious activities, notions, and resources are positively harnessed to enhance recovery? I found high levels of Christian religiosity among participants. Participants perceived their ongoing recovery as a process reliant upon (a) an intimate and personal relationship with God, and (b) engagement in certain core private religious activities, most notably prayer, reading of scripture, and listening to religiously inspired radio, television, or music. Participants' religiosity was underpinned by a Pauline theology of transformation and reconciliation. Psychiatric services serving an African American clientele with lived experience of dual diagnosis may increase effectiveness by better harnessing client religiosity to assist recovery.

  15. Hard lives, God's help, and struggling through: caregiving in Arkansas Delta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerdner, Linda A; Tripp-Reimer, Toni; Simpson, Helen C

    2007-12-01

    The purpose of this ethnographic study was to describe the experience of African American adults providing in-home care for a family member with chronic confusion living in the Arkansas Delta. We conducted this study over fourteen months in two rural Delta counties using participant observation and in-depth interviews. The majority of caregivers were adult daughters. Nearly half attributed chronic confusion to a difficult life and emotional stress or "worry;" a third believed it to be a natural component of "old age." Caregivers tended to view their work as an expression of love and devotion that was accompanied by emotional stress and personal sacrifice. While just under half of the caregivers had no other family members willing or available to assist with the physical care of the elder, the majority were able to turn to family members for emotional support. Further they identified strong religious beliefs as the primary force that sustained them in the caregiving role. The centrality of spirituality, faith/religion was noted in nearly all aspects of life. Faith in God was seen as continuing to be an important aspect of the care recipients' lives as well. Recipients' spiritual needs were addressed by accompanying the care recipient to church services and reading Bible passages to them on a regular basis. Selective community services (i.e., adult day care, home health services) were used that supported efforts at maintaining the family caregiver role. Findings are discussed within the context of historical and sociopolitical factors of the geographic region.

  16. In God and CAM we trust. Religious faith and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in a nationwide cohort of women treated for early breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, Christina Gundgaard; Christensen, Søren; Jensen, Anders Bonde; Zachariae, Robert

    2013-09-01

    Turning to faith in God or a higher spiritual power is a common way of coping with life-threatening disease such as cancer. Little, however, is known about religious faith among cancer patients in secular societies. The present study aimed at exploring the prevalence of religious faith among Danish breast cancer patients and at identifying whether socio-demographic, pre-cancer health status, clinical, and health behavior characteristics, including their use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), were associated with their degree of faith. Information on faith in God or a higher spiritual power and use of CAM was provided by a nationwide sample of 3,128 recurrence-free Danish women who had received surgery for early-stage breast cancer 15-16 months earlier. Socio-demographic, clinical, and health status variables were obtained from national longitudinal registries, and health behaviors had been assessed at 3-4 months post-surgery. Of the women, 47.3% reported a high degree of faith (unambiguous believers), 35.9% some degree of faith (ambiguous believers), while the remaining 16.8% were non-believers. Unambiguous believers were more likely than ambiguous believers to experience their faith as having a positive impact on their disease and their disease-related quality-of-life. When compared to non-believers, unambiguous believers were also older, had poorer physical function, and were more frequent users of CAM, and more inclined to believe that their use of CAM would have a beneficial influence on their cancer. Disease- and treatment-related variables were unrelated to faith. While overall religious faith appears equally prevalent among Danish and US breast cancer patients, the majority of Danish breast cancer patients experienced ambiguous faith, whereas the majority of US patients have been found to express unambiguous faith. Our results suggest that future studies may benefit from exploring the role of faith for health behaviors, adherence to

  17. María Zambrano: la actualidad de Dios Maria Zambrano: the God's current importance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pulgar Castro

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene por propósito presentar de manera secuencial dos puntos asociados a la actualidad filosófica de lo religioso en el contexto de un pensamiento como el de María Zambrano. Por qué María Zambrano, pues porque nos da dos cosas:1 nos ubica en un tejido hermenéutico que califica de filosófica la cuestión religiosa y, 2 si bien lo religioso como problema tiene su tiempo, Zambrano recupera el tono de actualidad de la relación Dios-persona, vale decir, su pertinencia para la descripción de la impronta del lugar primario de lo religioso en la comunidad humana. Además, que ante la tarea de validar sus objetivos filosóficos, ve en la razón la capacidad de elaborar discursos explicativos sobre la presencia o no de lo sacro en la existencia.This paper has for intention to present sequentially two points associated with the philosophical current importance of the religious thing in a context of a thought as that of Maria Zambrano. Why Maria Zambrano, because she gives us two things: 1 She locates us in a hermeneutical tissue who qualifies of philosophical the religious question and 2 though the religious thing like problem has his time, Zambrano recovers the tone of current importance of the relationship God-person, that is, its pertinence for the description of the stamp of primary place that the religious thing take place in the human community. In addition, that before the task of validating her philosophical aims, she sees in the reason the aptitude to elaborate explanatory speeches about the presence or not of the sacred thing in the existence.

  18. Why Do You Believe in God? Relationships between Religious Belief, Analytic Thinking, Mentalizing and Moral Concern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jack, Anthony Ian; Friedman, Jared Parker; Boyatzis, Richard Eleftherios; Taylor, Scott Nolan

    2016-01-01

    Prior work has established that analytic thinking is associated with disbelief in God, whereas religious and spiritual beliefs have been positively linked to social and emotional cognition. However, social and emotional cognition can be subdivided into a number of distinct dimensions, and some work suggests that analytic thinking is in tension with some aspects of social-emotional cognition. This leaves open two questions. First, is belief linked to social and emotional cognition in general, or a specific dimension in particular? Second, does the negative relationship between belief and analytic thinking still hold after relationships with social and emotional cognition are taken into account? We report eight hypothesis-driven studies which examine these questions. These studies are guided by a theoretical model which focuses on the distinct social and emotional processing deficits associated with autism spectrum disorders (mentalizing) and psychopathy (moral concern). To our knowledge no other study has investigated both of these dimensions of social and emotion cognition alongside analytic thinking. We find that religious belief is robustly positively associated with moral concern (4 measures), and that at least part of the negative association between belief and analytic thinking (2 measures) can be explained by a negative correlation between moral concern and analytic thinking. Using nine different measures of mentalizing, we found no evidence of a relationship between mentalizing and religious or spiritual belief. These findings challenge the theoretical view that religious and spiritual beliefs are linked to the perception of agency, and suggest that gender differences in religious belief can be explained by differences in moral concern. These findings are consistent with the opposing domains hypothesis, according to which brain areas associated with moral concern and analytic thinking are in tension.

  19. 'For the Love of God', 'Daddy's Girl' and 'Daddy's Little Princess'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Chambers

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available For the Love of God (2009 is a diptych of knitted outfits for babies; they were knitted with stinging nettle yarn from original 1940s patterns. The yarn is coarse, and thus slow, painful and laborious to work with. The garments were knitted with resentment for traditional expectations placed upon women. The act left rope burn on the artist's fingers therefore introducing notions of female self-sacrifice, and also harm to children. Historically, stinging nettles were used as a method of self-flagellation by certain religious orders, as well as a material to make Nazi Officer's uniforms. The addition of bone buttons and needles used to the final works, further removes any typical sweet sentimentality associated with baby clothes. Instead, the details add notions of pain, and the ends rather than the beginnings of life. Daddy's Girl and Daddy's Little Princess (2012 are two separate pieces that on first glance appear to be padded headboards. Each piece is made up of 25 original vintage sewing patterns that have been moulded into shape when wet. The paper casts are hollow, making the work more fragile than it seems, as well as completely impossible to use. The pieces were painstakingly made and close scrutiny reveals that the pattern illustrations have been subtly altered and subverted by the artist. Shockingly, the little girls fight, drink and smoke, and it is through these hurtful and violent additions, along with the works' ambiguous titles that suggest abuse of many kinds. The uselessness of the piece also points to the heavy frustrations and disappointment experienced by the 'not good enough' mother.

  20. Why Do You Believe in God? Relationships between Religious Belief, Analytic Thinking, Mentalizing and Moral Concern.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Ian Jack

    Full Text Available Prior work has established that analytic thinking is associated with disbelief in God, whereas religious and spiritual beliefs have been positively linked to social and emotional cognition. However, social and emotional cognition can be subdivided into a number of distinct dimensions, and some work suggests that analytic thinking is in tension with some aspects of social-emotional cognition. This leaves open two questions. First, is belief linked to social and emotional cognition in general, or a specific dimension in particular? Second, does the negative relationship between belief and analytic thinking still hold after relationships with social and emotional cognition are taken into account? We report eight hypothesis-driven studies which examine these questions. These studies are guided by a theoretical model which focuses on the distinct social and emotional processing deficits associated with autism spectrum disorders (mentalizing and psychopathy (moral concern. To our knowledge no other study has investigated both of these dimensions of social and emotion cognition alongside analytic thinking. We find that religious belief is robustly positively associated with moral concern (4 measures, and that at least part of the negative association between belief and analytic thinking (2 measures can be explained by a negative correlation between moral concern and analytic thinking. Using nine different measures of mentalizing, we found no evidence of a relationship between mentalizing and religious or spiritual belief. These findings challenge the theoretical view that religious and spiritual beliefs are linked to the perception of agency, and suggest that gender differences in religious belief can be explained by differences in moral concern. These findings are consistent with the opposing domains hypothesis, according to which brain areas associated with moral concern and analytic thinking are in tension.

  1. ‘If those to whom the W/word of God came were called gods ...’– Logos, wisdom and prophecy, and John 10:22–30

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan A. Draper

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Jesus’ quotation of Psalm 82:6, ‘I said, You are gods’, a riposte to the accusation that he had blasphemed by making himself equal to God, has attracted considerable attention. The latest suggestion by Jerome H. Neyrey rightly insists that any solution to the problem should take account of the internal logic of the Psalm and argues that it derives from or prefigures a rabbinic Midrash on the Psalm which refers it to the restoration of the immortality lost by Adam to Israel at the giving of the Torah on Sinai. This immortality was then lost again because of the sin of the golden calf. Whilst agreeing that the Psalm is interpreted in the context of the giving of the Torah on Sinai, this article argues that its reference is directed towards Moses on Sinai rather than Israel in general. This accords with the interpretation of Philo and Josephus and other sources much earlier than the Mekkilta de Rabbi Ishmael that Moses is rightly called a god and is assumed to heaven in glory without dying. Rather than deny this attribution of divine features to Moses due to his reception of the Torah on Sinai, John argues that the Torah was received from the hands of Jesus as the Logos. Therefore, Moses’s derivative divine features simply confirm the true divinity of the Logos as the expression of the Father. Moses could be called a god because he knew Jesus as Logos and wrote about him (5:45–5:47, but he sinned and died like any mortal. The corollary is that Moses and his disciples lost their status and died like any mortal, whilst the disciples of Jesus who are ‘taught by God’ and believe in the Incarnate Logos (6:45, have not only seen the glory denied to Moses but are born from above to become divinised as tekna theou (1:12 and do not die.

  2. ERGENLERİN TANRI ALGILARIYLA SOSYAL KAYGI VE UMUT DÜZEYLERİ ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİLER - RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ADOLESCENTS’ GOD PERCEPTION AND THEIR LEVELS OF SOCIAL ANXIETY AND HOPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veysel UYSAL

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetBu araştırmada ergenlerin Tanrı algılarıyla sosyal kaygı ve umut düzeyleri arasındaki ilişki incelenmiştir.Ayrıca, bu değişkenler ile cinsiyet, okul dışında dinî içerikli eğitim alıp almama, ebeveyn öznel dindarlık algısıve ailenin gelir düzeyine ilişkin algı gibi faktörler arasındaki ilişki de incelenmiştir. Cinsiyet faktörü ergenlerinTanrı’yı algılama biçimlerinde bir farklılık meydana getirmemiştir. Bulgular, kızların erkeklere nazaranulaşmak istedikleri amaca daha çok güdülendiklerini; ancak daha fazla olumsuz değerlendirilme korkusuyaşadıklarını ortaya koymuştur. Okul dışında dinî içerikli eğitim alıp almama ergenlerin sosyal kaygı veumut düzeylerinde bir farklılaşma meydana getirmemiştir. Ancak okul dışında dinî içerikli eğitim faaliyetinekatılanlar Tanrı’yı kendilerine daha yakın hissettiklerini ifade etmişlerdir. Annelerine ilişkin dindarlıkalgıları yüksek olan ergenler Tanrı’yı kendilerine daha yakın bulduklarını belirtmişlerdir. Ekonomik durumergenlerin Tanrı algıları, sosyal kaygı ve umut düzeylerinde fark meydana getirmemiştir. Tanrı’yı olumlubiçimde algılama ve O’nun kendilerini koruduğunu düşünme ergenlerin, sırasıyla, amaçlarına ulaşma yollarıarama ve amaçlarına güdülenme düzeylerini arttırıcı, genel sosyal kaygı düzeylerini düşürücü etki yaratmıştır.AbstractIn this study the relationship between adolescents’ God perception, social anxiety and hope levels wasexamined. In addition, other variables including gender, religious education outside school, adolescents’ perception of their parents’ religiosity and economic levels were analyzed. We found that gender does nothave any impact on their God perception. Girls proved to be more motivated to their personal goals, yetmore in fear of negative evaluation as compared to boys. Our findings also revealed that religious educationactivities

  3. The Altar of God in Sichuan Province in the Qing Dynasty%清代四川坛神信仰源流考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林移刚

    2015-01-01

    坛神信仰盛行于清代的四川地区,直至今天坛神信仰还广泛存在于四川地区的土家族聚居区以及汉族的广大地区。四川地区的坛神信仰并非土家族祖先崇拜的遗留,而是在中原古老巫文化背景下荆楚巫傩信仰在巴蜀大地的变异和区域化。坛神信仰在与四川接壤的鄂西地区也广泛存在,四川地区的坛神信仰是川楚文化交流的结果。四川地区的坛神不是祖先神,也不仅仅是傩神,而是具有巫傩色彩的家庭保护神。%The belief in altar of God prevailed in Sichuan area in the Qing dynasty, until today the belief in altar of God also exists widely in Tujia area as well as the vast regions of Han nationality in Si⁃chuan. The belief in altar of God in Sichuan area is not the legacy of Tujia worship of ancestors but the variation and localization of Jinchu belief of the witch culture and Nuo culture under the background of traditional Wu culture of Central Plains. The belief in altar of God exists widely in the western part of Hu⁃bei province bordering Sichuan region. So the belief in altar of God in Sichuan region is the result of cul⁃tural communication between Sichuan region and Hubei Province. The altar of God in Sichuan region is neither the ancestor god, nor the Nuo God, but the god of family protection of the witch culture and Nuo culture.

  4. On the Belief of the God of Well in China%略论中国古代的井神信仰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颉慧

    2011-01-01

    The belief of the god of well has existed for a long time,which originated from the worship of well in the period of Shang and Zhou Dynasty.Since the Western Han Dynasty the god of well had been added into the list of five gods of the family,and then had been deleted some times.However,the well god has been sacrificed all over China since the Western Han Dynasty.The figure and the supernatural power of the god are varied.Currently,there remains many customs in China.%井神信仰起源于商周时期的水井崇拜。西汉时期,井神被国家列入"五祀",此后时废时立。在民间,井神一直受到了人们的普遍信奉。井神的形象复杂多变,有士大夫、女神、童子、龙王等多种形象。井神的职责也逐渐扩大,不仅仅限于管理井水。有很多关于井神的民俗,有些一直保留到了今天。

  5. A Spivakian Reading of Louise Erdrich’s Track and Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behnaz Rafiee

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The present article is the study of Louise Erdrich’s Tracks (1997 and Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things (1988 in the light of postcolonial feminism theories of Spivak. Feminist discourse shares many similarities with post-colonial theory and for this reason the two fields have long been thought of as associative, even complimentary. “Subalternity” is a very important term in both post-colonial and feminist aspects. The word Subaltern describes the lower classes and the social groups who are at the margins of a society. Tracks and The God of Small Things depict the cultural background of their authors. Erdrich Native American culture and Roy's Indian heritage has helped them in creating certain types of female characters in their novels that still carry within themselves some features of their culture. In these novels Louise Erdrich and Roy's main focus is on the female protagonists and the specific roles they have within their communities. Although these novels depict two different cultures, there are many similarities that these two cultures share. Roy and Erdrich present several different female characters in their novels The God of Small Things and Tracks, all in different ways trapped in a system of oppression but also with a substantial degree of agency. From a postcolonial feminist perspective, Roy and Erdrich have contributed to make the representation of the subaltern women more diverse, through giving us various portraits of women that, despite their oppressed and marginalized status. Keywords: Postcolonial Feminism, Subalternity, American culture, Indian heritage

  6. DELIVERANCE IN "ROBINSON CRUSOE"

    OpenAIRE

    湯浅, 恭子; ユアサ, キョウコ; Kyoko, Yuasa

    2003-01-01

    This paper first studies the concept of deliverance in "Robinson Crusoe," written by the 18th century English novelist, Daniel Defoe, in comparison with three Hebrew figures in the Bible and then refers to the author's two writing styles to examine the value of the novel for Japanese readers whose society is not based on a monotheistic god.

  7. The Nomadic Existence of the Eternal Improviser and Diasporic Co-Poiesis in the Era of Mega-Speed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurze'ev, Ilan

    2010-01-01

    The history of transcendence and nomadism in face of the call for "home-returning" is marked figuratively by four milestones: (1) the "era" of immanence and dwelling in total harmony as a manifestation of self-sustained holiness; (2) the "era" of relating to holiness by mediation of God, especially in the monotheistic religions; (3) the "era" of…

  8. 'Shooting at the sun god Apollo': the Apollonian-Dionysian balance of the TimeSlips Storytelling Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Daniel R

    2013-09-01

    In The Birth of Tragedy, Friedrich Nietzsche celebrated the dueling forces of reason and emotion as personified by the ancient Greek gods Apollo and Dionysus. A subtle Apollonian-Dionysian balance can be observed in TimeSlips, a group-based creative storytelling activity developed in the 1990s and increasingly used in dementia care settings worldwide. This article explains how the Apollonion-Dionysian aspects of TimeSlips are beneficial not only for persons with dementia, but also for their carers. Narrative data from medical students at Penn State College of Medicine who participated in TimeSlips at a local retirement community are shared.

  9. Via alruin en seks tot God: die eiesoortige mistiek in die poësie van T.T. Cloete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. J. Odendaal

    1993-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article the researcher contends that T.T. Cloete, one of the most prominent contemporary Afrikaans religious poets, does not only periodically give expression to the mystical experience in his poetry (as Bosman [1989] would have it, but that the whole body of his poetic work is characterized by a distinctive mysticism. This mysticism, averse from the Catholic, ascetically inspired mystical tradition, is to be seen as a continuation and further development of the Protestant tradition with its greater emphasis on the earthly, general revelation of God, and is distinguished by its strong aesthetic basis and its lively topicality.

  10. The God Machine seeks the origin of the matter; La maquina de dios busca el origen de la materia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, R.

    2015-07-01

    Under the green fields of the French-Swiss border, not far from the Alps and Lake Geneva, is hidden underground most strength Earth energy. The generated particles of low mass, subatomic, ue collide with each other in a huge circumference of 27 kilometers, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC English siglasen), an underground infrastructure that seeks to answer big questions of science: the origin of matter we know or dark matter and energy, which together occupy 95% of the universe and that we are not able to see or understand. They call it the 'god machine' and is the largest and most complex built in the world. (Author)

  11. 屈原《九歌》神灵的人情之美%Beauty of the Gods Favor in QU Yuan's Jiuge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盂慧英

    2012-01-01

    QU Yuan created many images of gods in Jiuge. These gods described by QU Yuan were not only the symbol of natural beauty, but the image of different temperament with the characteristics of the people, the human mind, human emotions. Therefore, these images of gods were close to people's real life, everywhere permeated with the human touch.%屈原在《九歌》中塑造了众多的神灵形象。这些神灵在屈原笔F,不仅是自然美的象征,而且形象各异,性情不一,更多的具有了人的特性、人的思想、人的情感。因此,这些神灵形象与人们的现实生活更贴近,处处渗透着人情味。

  12. "I honestly believe god keeps me healthy so i can take care of my child": parental use of faith related to treatment adherence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossoehme, Daniel H; Cotton, Sian; Ragsdale, Judy; Quittner, Alexandra L; McPhail, Gary; Seid, Michael

    2013-01-01

    A limited number of studies address parental faith and its relationship to their children's health. Using cystic fibrosis as a disease exemplar in which religion/spirituality have been shown to play a role and parental health behaviors (adherence to their child's daily recommended home treatments) are important, this study explored whether parents with different levels of adherence would describe use of faith differently. Twenty-five interviews were completed and analyzed using grounded theory methodology. Some parents described no relationship between faith and treatment adherence. However, of those who did, higher-adherence parents believed God empowered them to care for their child and they used prayer to change themselves, while lower-adherence parents described trusting God to care for their child and used prayer to change God. Clinical implications for chaplains' differential engagement with parents are presented.

  13. The Influence of God and Providence on Happiness and the Quality of Life of Patients Benefiting from Aesthetic Medicine Treatments in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galęba, Anna; Bajurna, Beata

    2015-08-01

    The research reveals the impact of a belief in god and god's Providence on the happiness and quality of life of patients benefiting from aesthetic medicine treatments in Poland (country where over 90 % of society declare to be deeply devout). The work also examines age and sex of the patients benefiting from beauty treatments (botulinum toxin, fillers, medical peels and needle mesotherapy), their quality of life and also the impact of various factors, including God and Divine Providence on their happiness. The research shows the analysis of factors influencing the successes or failures in the past year and presents the comparison of patients who have benefited from the aesthetic medicine treatments (cosmetic medicine) to the common average Polish citizens.

  14. De creativiteit in de wereld en de werkelijkheid van God. De theologie van Gordon Kaufman in betrekking tot Wilhelm Herrmann en Rudolf Bultmann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rick Benjamins

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The creativity in the world and the reality of God. The theology of Gordon Kaufman in relation to Wilhelm Herrmann and Rudolf Bultmann. The article aims to defend the compatibility of Kaufman’s concept of a world grounded on immanent creativity and Bultmann’s concept of God who addresses us in the proclamation of the cross. Since Darwin’s natural selection it is hard to conceive of a universe that is designed and allows for the assumption of a creator. Theologians have grappled with the meaning of nature and history from the time their purposiveness was contested. Wilhelm Herrmann argued that we undergo a transforming goodness in our experiences of Jesus’ inner life which makes us confess that the goodness of a hidden God determines the world and makes us contribute to its development. We cannot prove the influence of God’s goodness, but we can experience it personally. Rudolf Bultmann radically changed this perspective. He argued that we are not placed in a meaningful world on behalf of Jesus’ inner life; instead, the proclamation of the cross liberates us from any worldview in order to live authentically. Gordon Kaufman proposes an understanding of God as the creativity in the world and its evolution without any dualism or supernaturalism. He denies a blueprint for creation but accepts a serendipitous creativity that can function as the basis for the articulation of our worldview and our orientation in the world. According to Kaufman, Bultmann still retains the dualistic presupposition of the traditional understanding of God. This article argues that the differences between Kaufman and Bultmann are limited, for whereas Bultmannn underlines the reality of God who addresses us in the proclamation of the cross and thereby recreates us, Kaufman wants to construct a worldview grounded on creativity. The creativity in the world and God’s (recreative acts are not incompatible.

  15. Introduzione. Su Dio e i suoi uomini e i nostri sacrifici - Introduction. On God and His Men and Our Sacrifices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Luigi Palmisano

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Anthropology has maybe too often confined itself in an analysis of liturgies and rituals – ideal or actual behaviours which are acknowledged by the social actor as addressed to supernatural beings or agents –, providing extraordinarily precise descriptions but renouncing to comprehend and relate the discourse on Man about himself -and implicitly about God- which is nevertheless traceable in all societies. Anthropology has avoided confrontation with the theologies, although present in all societies and inscribed in cosmogonies, theogonies, anthropogonies, ethnogonies, of which amazingly rich mythologies bear much more than plain traces. Anthropology has done so because it has given way to tekhne which is rampant nowadays. It has surrendered to tekhne because tekhne allows the elision of doubt. And yet, no matter how much one technifies it, anthropology does only exist as complementary to theology and vice versa, at least since the beginning of history. This relation was very clear to scholars such as Bronislaw Malinowski, Maurice Leenhard, Marcel Mauss or Meyer Fortes. After all, has there ever been a liturgy without a theology, a ritual without a cosmology? A sacrifice without a God, no matter how small? Sacrifice is a ritual par excellence.

  16. The role of God in the father/son relationship during identity formation – a Gestalt theoretical perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.B. Grobler

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on research done within the Afrikaansspeaking community in the area of the Drakenstein Municipality, Western Cape province, South Africa. The focus falls specifically on one concept that was outlined during the research, namely the perceptions of fathers and adolescent sons on identity formation within their relationship as well as the role that God plays. Combined qualitative/quantitative research was conducted with emphasis on semi-structured interviews with fathers (n=4 and adolescent boys (n=4 and an auto-ethnography of the author as the dominant component. The lessdominant quantitative component consisted of questionnaires completed by fathers (n=42 and adolescent boys (n=180. Metatheoretical assumptions and theoretical assumptions as grounding for the male identity are discussed as part of the author’s paradigmatic perspective. Furthermore, empirical findings are discussed and recommendations are made. From the discussions with fathers and their sons it was clear that both fathers and sons have a need to stand in close relationship to each other and to God. It is within this relationship where their identities are formed. However, fathers seemed to be resistant of transferring their beliefs to their sons. Adolescent boys also indicated no need to one day transfer learned behaviour from their fathers to their sons.

  17. Psyche--the meeting of mind and soul: current psychoanalytic views on the mental representation of god.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemens, Norman A

    2013-11-01

    The author presents an overview of two contemporary, related psychoanalytic perspectives on religious phenomena. Based on data from systematic interviews, Ana-Maria Rizzuto explores the way the human mind forms the idea of God as it evolves through the various stages of childhood and adult development. The object-representation of God is greatly influenced by the mental representations of mother, father, and other important adults in the child's life. Object relations theory and the writings of Winnicott play an important role in these concepts. William Meissner, a Jesuit priest as well as a psychoanalyst, addresses Freud's views of religious belief as an illusion, or when accepted with certainty as real, as a delusion. Instead, Meissner sees religious belief as a developmental process that resides in the mental realm of transitional phenomena where spirituality, creativity, appreciation of beauty, transcendental states, play, and the psychoanalytic process itself also take place. In psychoanalytic treatment, religious phenomena are not exempt from exploration and understanding, perhaps resulting in more mature development of object representations, ego functions, and the superego functions of conscience and ego ideal as well as more mature religious life.

  18. Origen of Alexandria: The study of the Scriptures as transformation of the readers into images of the God of love

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul B. Decock

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available For Origen, the purpose of reading the Scriptures is to be transformed more and more into the likeness of God, who is Love, through the Logos embodied in the Scriptures. This article first situated Origen’s approach to the Scriptures in the broad agreement over the centuries that the Scriptures are meant to address the present readers and not merely the original readers. This has led to various approaches to actualise the text up to the present varieties of contextual exegesis. Secondly, the article showed how, for Origen, the aim of actualising the text is the transformation of the readers. It will be necessary, therefore, to briefly present some of the key aspects of Origen’s pre-understanding. The third part focused on Origen’s understanding of the reading process as a movement from the letter to the spirit, a process that involves the transformation of the reader. This process is a struggle to understand what love, which is both the mystery of God and the aim for which every being is created through the Logos, is.

  19. THE ICON OF THE MOTHER OF GOD IN THE NOVEL “ODYSSEUS POLICHRONIADES” BY K. N. LEONTIEV

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    Darya S. Kunilskaya

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the image of the icon of the Virgin in the novel “Odyssey Polihroniades” of K. N. Leontiev. It proves that the holy faces of the Virgin in the novel become a link between the Greek and Russian Orthodox traditions. The author traces the biography of the writer and explains special Leontiev’s attitude to the icons of Our Lady. As it is revealed in the analysis the Virgin images in the Eastern Christianity represent intercession and the protective function of the icon. Besides, The Orthodox Christian consciousness shares the same prayer tradition. It is these images of the Virgin through which a special connection between an icon and a prayer as well as its correlation with the prototype are revealed in the novel. The specifi c character of the Greek world is discovered in the novel “Odysseus Polichroniades” through the holy face of the Mother of God. The icon of the Mother of God gives the Greek world special symbolism in the artistic space of the novel adding thereby the dynamics to the static Greek world.

  20. God bestuurt: De rol van de spiritualiteit in de constructie van betekenis in het kader van de militaire uitzending

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    Karlijn J. Demasure

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available God rules: The role of spirituality in the construction of meaning in the context of military peacekeeping. The author analysed the interview with a soldier who worked for 12 years as a nurse with the Dutch Military. The Netherlands contributed to the peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan between March 2006 and August 2010. The interview took place after his mission which lasted for 5 months. The qualitative analysis found its roots in the hermeneutics of Paul Ric�ur and the social constructionism as presented by Kenneth Gergen. As a practical theological research the focus was on the role of spirituality in the life story of the nurse. The analysis brought the entrenchment of life and faith to light. Faith has been an important source of support for this nurse. He is of the opinion that God is the ultimate governor and that he rules everything. Although his faith came sometimes under pressure because of the increasing number of shocking experiences, most of the times it was very helpful to him in order to assuage fear.

  1. Names and Attributes of the Mother of God. For a Church Slavonic-Russian-Italian Lexicon of Religious Terms

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    Maria Chiara Ferro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In direct continuity with a previous essay on the study of a selection of attributes referred to the Christian God (Ferro, Romoli 2013, the authors analyze a number of epithets and attributes addressed to the Mother of God or defining her qualities. These words are frequently used in medieval Eastern Slavic literature, they are usually stated in the most authoritative dictionaries of Old and Church Slavonic languages, and remain generally unchanged in modern Russian.Within the project of a trilingual (Church Slavonic-Russian-Italian lexicon, the essay aims to show how the translation of religious terms goes beyond linguistics, as the question of correspondence or lack of correspondence in concepts and contexts of reference often arises. Since general dictionaries frequently fail to provide satisfactory solutions, it is necessary to go back to the origins, semantics and use of the terms through the systematic use of different types of dictionaries. In addition, in order to provide a proper Italian translation, the use of dictionaries of the Italian language is also fundamental.

  2. Witnesses of God: Exhortatory Preachers in Medieval al-Andalus and the Magreb

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    Jones, Linda G.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available

    This article analyzes the rhetorical and ritual characteristics of pious exhortation (wa,z as practiced in al-Andalus and the Maghreb, based on specimens from two homiletic sources. The texts are considered in light of hagiographical and juridical data in order to assess the social role of exhortatory preachers and to explain the extraordinary impact of their sermons. The sermon's affective power derives from the preacher's personal charisma, rhetorical prowess, and his active engagement of his audience in the production of their own charismatic experience. The hagiographies considered depict the wa,iz as a witness to God's omnipotence, precipitating the religious conversion of even the socially marginalized.



    Este artículo analiza los aspectos retóricos y rituales de la exhortación piadosa (wa,z practicada en al-Andalus y el Magreb, tomando como base documental dos fuentes homiléticas. Los textos  se analizan a la luz de noticias hagiográficas y jurídicas con el fin de determinar el papel social de los wuAn exploration of the idea of ecodomy in Calvin's view of God and the world: Its implications for churches in South Africa today

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    Jerry Pillay

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Faculty of Theology chose as its theme oikodome, which speaks about the fullness of life for all. This article explored this theme by looking at John Calvin�s understanding of God and the world. In this article, working from the premise of the sovereignty of God, the author attempted to show that undergirding Calvin�s theology is the idea of oikodome. The author showed that for Calvin everything in life is connected to God and thus the idea of oikodome is deeply rooted in Calvin�s theology. The author illustrated this by examining significant themes in Calvin�s teachings on the Trinitarian God, creation, humanity and providence, state and church, transformation of society, concern for the poor, and education. The author used this information to show what implications the idea of oikodome has for churches in South Africa today, especially in the context of poverty and struggle. The author calls on churches to embrace the theological foundation explicated by Calvin in their endeavour to work toward the fullness of life for all people.

  3. A Phenomenological Study of the Preparation and Career Paths of Academic Deans in Church of God Institutions of Theological Education in Latin America and the Caribbean

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    Contreras Flores, Jenniffer

    2016-01-01

    This study explored the preparation and career paths of academic deans in Church of God (COG) theological institutions located in Latin American and Caribbean. This study used a qualitative research approach and the in-depth interview method for data collection. A group of 14 academic deans that serve in COG theological schools and that…

  4. The Academy on the Firing Line: William F. Buckley, Jr.'s "God and Man at Yale" and the Modern Conservative Critique of Higher Education

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    Laukaitis, John J.

    2013-01-01

    In 1951, William F. Buckley, Jr. was a recent alumnus of Yale University and former editor of the "Yale Daily News" when his first major work, "God and Man at Yale: The Superstitions of 'Academic Freedom'," became a controversial polemic that attracted national attention. In his work, Buckley claimed Yale's faculty advanced…

  5. THE ONENESS OF GOD BEHIND THE LOCAL TRADITION OF NUSANTARA ISLAM: THEO-ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE WITH INTERPRETIVE PARADIGM ON NUSANTARA ISLAM SASAK LOMBOK

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    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to elucidate Nusantara Islam and finds the concept of oneness of God within the Sasak Muslim traditions as analytical tool to understand Nusantara Islam in the local context of Lombok. God is only one, but ways of finding “The One” vary. Islamic teachings manifest in local traditions are termed Nusantara Islam. In this study, Nusantara Islam is analyzed theoretically and practically regarding Sasak Muslim traditions. This study uses a qualitative approach and employs the interpretive paradigm and Theo-anthropological perspective. This study shows that Nusantara Islam in Lombok can be observed through various religious concepts, practices and rituals, such as mulut (the celebration of Prophet’s birthday, maleman (last ten days of fasting Ramadan month and rowah (sending prayer to the dead. Tawḥīd or the notion of One God lies behind these traditions. Tawḥīd is more than just the notion of oneness of God; it is a worldview manifesting not only in spiritual domains but also in socio-cultural spheres.

  6. At Home in the World Tree: A Somaesthetic Reading of the Body at Home in Neil Gaiman’s American Gods

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    Robert William Jones II

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available At its core, Neil Gaiman’s novel 'American Gods' is a story about homes, lost, found and imagined. As homes and homelands are left behind, the characters in the novel must fashion new homes and homelike spaces within a new country and thus recast themselves in the territory of America through acts of creative self-fashioning. This article will focus on the concept of the characters’ bodies as represented in the homes that they occupy. To do this my argument is predicated on a somaesthetic reading of the body as the locus from which the characters begin to construct ideas of home. Somaesthetics, as conceived by Richard Shusterman, has three facets: analytic, pragmatic, and practical. This paper interrogates the diverse ideas of home in the text, from the backseat of a limo to a small midwestern town, and explores how the idea of home is portrayed via Gaiman’s use and description of his characters’ bodies. The characters within the universe of the novel (broadly divided between old gods and new gods provide an interesting focus for investigating, via analytic somaesthetics, the use of native and non-native bodies with respect to the construction of homes or home-like spaces. Gaiman constructs a new definition of what home means for his characters and how, via these characters’ bodies, the home is a site of comfort and resistance to the events of the novel. In addition, several of the gods in this story occupy spaces that are constructed to make the reader aware of the nature of the character while preserving some qualities of their fictionalised homelands, places of power and, in the case of the old gods, their newly adopted home.

  7. The Significance of the Body in Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God: A Cixousian Reading

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    Iran Zamani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the current paper is studying Zora Neale Hurston's masterpiece in the light of the post-structuralist feminist theories of the French philosopher, writer and critic Hélène Cixous. The article aims at scrutinizing the concept of body which is an integral part of écriture féminine. In order to accomplish this investigation, the researcher attempts to present manifestations of corporeality through the course of the selected novel which is Their Eyes Were Watching God. The fact that Hurston's involvement in adapting the notion of corporeality is evident to the point that some scholars approve of her obsession with the mentioned issue may serve as a proof of the fruitfulness of this research. The present article encompasses examining Hurston's attitude toward the selected concept, working with the selected text and taking the female characters and their deeds under consideration in order to grasp the desirable result.

  8. What is it like to be a god? A philosophical clarification of instances of divine suffering in the Psalter

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    Jaco W. Gericke

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available There are times when one would like to hang the whole human race, and finish the farce. (Mark TwainIn philosophy of religion, there is a long history of belief that divine reality is immutable, although this has changed recently. In this article, the author takes a closer look at what some texts in the Psalms assumed about what it feels like for a god to suffer mentally. By paying attention to what is presupposed in language about negative divine emotions, the nature of mental anguish in the life of a deity is elucidated from examples in the text in which Yhwh is said to have states of mind involving anger, hate, compassion, jealousy and grief.

  9. What is it like to be a god? A philosophical clarification of instances of divine suffering in the Psalter

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    Jaco W. Gericke

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available There are times when one would like to hang the whole human race, and finish the farce. (Mark TwainIn philosophy of religion, there is a long history of belief that divine reality is immutable, although this has changed recently. In this article, the author takes a closer look at what some texts in the Psalms assumed about what it feels like for a god to suffer mentally. By paying attention to what is presupposed in language about negative divine emotions, the nature of mental anguish in the life of a deity is elucidated from examples in the text in which Yhwh is said to have states of mind involving anger, hate, compassion, jealousy and grief.

  10. Ministry-Related Burnout and Stress Coping Mechanisms Among Assemblies of God-Ordained Clergy in Minnesota.

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    Visker, Joseph D; Rider, Taylor; Humphers-Ginther, Anastasia

    2017-06-01

    Clergy members suffering from burnout face both personal and professional complications. This study assessed occupational burnout and stress coping mechanisms among ministers affiliated with the Assemblies of God, a denomination that has received little attention in previous burnout-related studies. A cross-sectional design was employed using two instruments with acceptable psychometric properties. Approximately 65 % of those surveyed were either suffering from burnout or on the verge of burnout. Statistical differences in coping mechanism use were found between those who were and were not experiencing some level of burnout. The results of this study add to the existing understanding of occupational burnout among clergy members and ways in which burnout may be alleviated.

  11. On facing the God-question in a pastoral theology of compassion: From imperialistic omni-categories to theopaschitic pathos-categories

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    Daniel J. Louw

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Many scholars in the 20th century warned against static, ontological and metaphysicalschemata of interpretation, stemming from Hellenistic thinking with its impact on God images in Christian reflection. Against the background of new spiritual and philosophica lphenomena like apatheism and anatheism, the question regarding the appropriateness o fexisting categories for God within the framework of pastoral theology surfaces. A paradigm shift from omni-categories to pathos-categories is proposed in order to deal with issues like human suffering, dignity and justice. In this regard, theopaschitic theology can play adecisive role in the reframing of existing static God-images stemming predominantly from the Roman-Greco world. The notion of a ‘sustainable God’ is introduced in order to reframe God’s compassionate presence (ta splanchna in terms of a continuum of infinitive interventions (infiniscience and the pneumatology of to-be-with.Die dinamika van die God-vraagstuk in ’n pastorale teologie van medelye en omgee: Vanafimperialistiese omni-kategorieë na teopasgitiese patos-kategorieë. Navorsers het telkemale in die twintigste eeu teen die impak van statiese, ontologiese en metafisiese skemas van interpretasie gewaarsku. Teïstiese denke is grootliks deur Hellenistiese denkkategorieë bepaal. Teen die agtergrond van nuwe filosofiese verskynsels soos apateïsme en anateïsme en die invloed daarvan op die verskillende vorms van spiritualiteitsdenke, duik die vraag op na die toepaslikheid en relevansie van bestaande, geykte denkkategorië vir die Christelike verstaan van God. Die vraagstuk van lyding, menswaardigheid en geregtigheid stel nuwe eise aan ’n pastorale teologie wat met kontekstuele lewensvraagstukke erns maak. In die lig hiervan word ’n paradigmaskuif in teologisering, vanaf omni-kategorieë na patos-kategorieë voorgestel. Dit word beredeneer dat ’n teopasgitiese teologie ’n belangrike bydrae kan lewer om statiese

  12. A "palavra divina" como logos separador La palabra divina" como logos separador God's word" as a separating logos

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    Elaine Pedreira Rabinovich

    2010-06-01

    planeado.This study inquires about the implications if the use of "God's words" by means of the lectures of the Bible in the Brazilian evangelic daily life. Twenty interviews were conducted with Evangelical families that lived in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The study investigated when and why the adherence to Evangelical beliefs happened and what consequences it brought to personal and family life. Analysis followed the phenomenological interpretative method. Results showed that adherence to an Evangelical Church, as it currently occurs in Brazil, re-directs family life through the inclusion of a third term: God and/or God's word - to whom the participants start to "talk" from their reading of the Bible. Thus, some "concepts" emerge in those people's daily life that provide a "lifeway", allowing the planning of goals and the emergence of a desired and planned future.

  13. "Modern medical science and the divine providence of god": rethinking the place of religion in postwar U.S. medical history.

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    Golden, Janet; Abel, Emily K

    2014-10-01

    Drawing on a large cache of letters to John and Frances Gunther after the death of their son as well as memoirs and fiction by bereaved parents, this essay challenges the assumptions of secularization that infuse histories of twentieth-century American medicine. Many parents who experienced the death of children during the postwar period relied heavily on religion to help make sense of the tragedies medicine could not prevent. Parental accounts included expression of belief in divine intervention and the power of prayer, gratitude for God's role in minimizing suffering, confidence in the existence of an afterlife, and acceptance of the will of God. Historians seeking to understand how parents and families understood both the delivery of medical care and the cultural authority of medical science must integrate an understanding of religious experiences and faith into their work.

  14. Metafore vir die ontmoeting tussen God en mens en ’n ‘swerwende’ teoloog se soekend-wandelende reis

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    Tanya van Wyk

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Metaphors for the encounter between God and humanity and a roaming theologian’s reflective journey. This article maps the theology of Christo van der Merwe as a mobilising theology which aided the Netherdutch Reformed Church in Africa (NRCA in discerning its character, role and purpose. The core of Van der Merwe’s theology consists of a journey with God as encountered in the narratives about Jesus and the Spirit told in the Christian Bible. The article shows that the mobilising core of his theology is due to an ‘interoperational relationship’ between ‘knowing and believing’. In the article, the metaphor ‘roaming’ is used to illustrate this biographical journey as contextual theology which equips pastors with ministerial skills to take care of people who are haunted by trauma.

  15. Feuerbach e Espinosa: deus e natureza, dualismo ou unidade? Feuerbach and Spinoza: god and nature, dualism ou unity?

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    Eduardo Ferreira Chagas

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo evidencia, por um lado, o mérito da filosofia de Espinosa, pelo fato de haver submetido a oposição das partes e do todo, do corpo e da alma, da matéria e do espírito, à unidade da substância, já que toda parte singular da substância pertence à sua natureza. Por outro lado, destaca a crítica de Feuerbach a Espinosa, porque a filosofia deste é, na verdade, uma filosofia da identidade, que não reconhece, como Hegel também assinala, a substância como espírito e o espírito como substância, e não determina suficientemente a unidade da matéria e do espírito, já que falta a ela a realidade da diferença, da determinidade. Enquanto Espinosa identifica Deus com a natureza (Deus sive natura e, mediante a natureza divina (a substância, supera a contradição de Descartes entre matéria (res extensa e espírito (res cogitans, Feuerbach quer, em oposição ao panteísmo, a diferença entre natureza e Deus (aut Deus aut natura.This article on the one hand offers evidence of Spinoza's philosophical merit due to the fact that he propounded the opposition of substance of parts and whole, body and soul, matter and spirit, to unity of substance, since every single part of substance belongs to nature. And on the other hand it presents Feuerbach's critique of Spinoza since Spinoza's philosophy is in fact an identity philosophy which does not recognize, as Hegel also points out, the substance of spirit and the spirit as substance, and does not clearly determinate the unity of matter and spirit because it lacks the truly aspect of difference, determinacy. While Spinoza identifies God with nature (Deus sive natura and by means of divine nature (substance overcomes Descartes' contradiction between matter (res extensa and spirit (res cogitans, Feuerbach wants, in opposition to pantheism, determine the difference between nature and God (aut Deus aut natura.

  16. Die woord van God as lewende, kragtige en tweesnydende sward - 'n studie van hebreërs 4:12-13 binne die konteks van die hele Hebreërs

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    J.C. Coetzee

    1988-03-01

    Full Text Available Within the wider scope of interdisciplinary studies on The Power of the Word of God this article gives a New Testament perspective on the theme through an exegetical study of Hebrews 4:12-13 within its broader context. Whilst this pericope is often used as a prooftext (locum probantium for the divine authority of Scriptures this study starts on the as­ sumption that this is not the primary focus of the text. It is as­ sumed that the text is primarily concerned with the effective power of God's Word in the lives of men, especially In the lives of members of God's people. Four hypotheses are stated at the beginning and are exegetically tested in the article: (i In the whole Bible Hebrews 4:12-13 is one of the clearest and most compact expressions of the dynamic power of the Word of God. (ii Hebrews 4:12-13 is indeed a cornerstone in the message of this sermon to "the Hebrews". (HI Although various Biblical passages seemingly have strong parallels on the matter of the power of the Word Hebrews 4:12-13 proves to have a singular emphasis, namely of the living, powerful and the decisively penetrating power of JUDGE of the deepest heart of man. (iv Hebrews 4:12-13 within its context gives an important portrait of the most intimate relation between the Word of God and the God of the Word.

  17. Highly sensitive aptasensor based on synergetic catalysis activity of MoS2-Au-HE composite using cDNA-Au-GOD for signal amplification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Hai-Yan; Kang, Tian-Fang; Lu, Li-Ping; Cheng, Shui-Yuan

    2017-03-01

    Single or few-layer nanosheets of MoS2 (MoS2 nanosheets) and a composite composed of MoS2 nanosheets, Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) and hemin (HE) (denoted as MoS2-Au-HE) were prepared. The composites possessed high synergetic catalysis activity towards the electroreduction of hydrogen peroxide. Furthermore, glucose oxidase (GOD) and AuNPs were used as marker of the complementary DNA (cDNA) strand of kanamycin aptamer to prepare a conjugate (reffered as cDNA-Au-GOD) that was designed as the signal probe. Both cDNA-Au-GOD and MoS2-Au-HE were applied to fabricate aptasensor for kanamycin. MoS2-Au-HE acted as solid platform for kanamycin aptamer and signal transmitters. AuNPs were employed as the supporter of cDNA and GOD which catalyze dissolved oxygen to produce hydrogen peroxide in the presence of glucose. Then cathodic peak current of H2O2 was recorded by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The electrochemical reduction of H2O2 was catalyzed by MoS2-Au-HE that was modified onto the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The cathodic peak current of H2O2 was highly linearly decreased with an increase of kanamycin concentrations from 1.0ng/L to 1.0×10(5)ng/L, with a detection limit of 0.8ng/L. This aptasensor can be used to detect kanamycin in milk with high specificity, sensitivity and selectivity.

  18. A Contribution to Comparative Theology: Probing the Depth of Islamic Thought

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    Mouhanad Khorchide

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Muslim theologians, as much as ordinary Muslims, will immediately agree with the characterization of God as all compassionate. However, it remains rather opaque how God’s compassion can be fully explained in terms of comparative theology. How can Muslims relate to God’s compassion? What role does God’s compassion precisely play in the Quranic revelation and the daily practice of Muslims?

  19. A Christian understanding of the significance of love of oneself in loving God and neighbour: Towards an integrated self-love reading

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    Hannelie Wood

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the meaning of the great commandment of love (Mt. 22:35–40 with afocus on the understanding of self-love as considered within a Christian context. Christians ingeneral understand the commandment as applying to love of God and one’s neighbour. Thereference to self-love tends to be ignored or misunderstood, especially when love of self isviewed in the context of the Christian virtues of humility and self-mortification. The conceptof narcissism (self-preoccupation or self-glorification has devastating effects on relationshipswith God, human beings and the world. In the Christian context self-love is not a thirdcommandment and it is not clearly outlined in Scripture. Furthermore, the love of oneselfseems to be the norm by which the love of God and neighbour are measured. It appearstherefore that by bringing narcissism into the equation of self-love, a better understanding canbe achieved of what a healthy Christian self-love should entail. Furthermore, a brief discussionon the views of the self as mind, emotions and will as well as agape, philia and eros is requiredfor a proposed integrated self-love reading.