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Sample records for monotheism tentative title

  1. Beyond monotheism? Some remarks and questions on conceptualising �monotheism� in Biblical Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Frevel

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of this article I outline serious objections against the concept of monotheism. I will ask whether the ambiguity and the problem discredit the concept of monotheism as inappropriate for Biblical Studies, or whether it calls for differentiation. In the argument following thereupon, the concept is found to be more useful to describe certain stages of the conceptual and linguistic development of Israelite religion. The term and concept of monotheism in Biblical Studies is necessary, but not sufficient, if we want to reconstruct the religious history of Israel, Judah, Yeh�d and Early Judaism or Judaisms. In this article I propose categories such as implicit monotheism, intolerant monolatry, implicit exclusion, explicit uniqueness, monotheism as implication et cetera, which are especially useful if we want an accurate description of the statements. This makes the category of monotheism useful as heuristic and relational category.

  2. Qalandar-name. Chapter 1. «Monotheism»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismagilova M.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The proposed excerpt of theological work is the translation of the first chapter of «Qalandar-name», supplemented by comments. This is the first edition of chapter from the medieval theological work written in the Golden Horde during the active Islamization of its population, during the times of great Khans – Muhammad Uzbek and Janibek. Its author, Abu Bakr Qalandar, was a native of the city of Aksaray (in modern Turkey, Sufi, great scholar, imam of a mosque in the city of Stary Krym. «Qalandar-name» is an encyclopedic work on Islamic matters and Sufism that begins with a traditional intonation typical for the works of Muslim authors, especially for compilers of theological writings. In this chapter entitled «Tawhid» (monotheism, Abu Bakr Qalandar speaks about beautiful names of the Almighty, about his creative work (comparing it with the jewelry craftsmanship, about heaven and hell, a small (world of sagri and the highest (world of kibriya worlds. D. Shagivaleev who wrote commentaries on the first chapter, supplied the text with verses, to which, according to him, Abu Bakr made allusions. Analysis of the work of Abu Bakr Qalandar reveals that the author of this source was an educated man of his time. In this chapter, Abu Bakr reports about the basic concepts of Islam. The authors plan to publish subsequent chapters of this work in the next issues.

  3. Ubuntu feminism: Tentative reflections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drucilla Cornell

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The starting-point for the article is to provide a brief background on the Ubuntu Project that Prof. Drucilla Cornell convened in 2003; most notably the interviews conducted in Khayamandi, the support of a sewing collective, and the continued search to launch an Ubuntu Women�s Centre. The article will reflect on some of the philosophical underpinnings of ubuntu, whereafter debates in Western feminism will be revisited. Ubuntu feminism is suggested as a possible response to these types of feminisms. The authors support an understanding of ubuntu as critique and ubuntu feminism accordingly as a critical intervention that recalls a politics of refusal. The article ends by raising the importance of thinking about spatiality through ubuntu, and vice versa. It may seem strange to title an article Ubuntu feminism when feminism itself has often been identified as a European or Western idea. But, this article will argue that ubuntu offers conceptions of transindividuality and ways of social belonging that could respond in a meaningful way to some of European feminism�s own dilemmas and contradictions. Famously, one of the most intense debates in feminism was between those who defended an ethic of care in a relational view of the self, on one side, and those feminists who held on to more traditional conceptions of justice, placing an emphasis on individuality and autonomy, on the other side. The authors will suggest that ubuntu could address this tension in feminism. Thus, in this article the focus will not simply be on ubuntu, in order to recognise that there are other intellectual heritages worthy of consideration, other than those in Europe and the United States. It will also take a next step in arguing that ubuntu may be a better standpoint entirely from which to continue thinking about what it means to be a human being, as well as how to conceive of the integral interconnection human beings all have with one another. This connection through

  4. Father and son: Freud revisits his Oedipus complex in Moses and Monotheism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelbaum, Jerome

    2012-06-01

    In this paper, I propose to understand Freud on his own terms and within his social, intellectual and psychological context. It is my hope that such an understanding will contribute in turn to our understanding of some of the sources of the creative process. Were it not for his fame, Freud's views on religion, history and art, would at best be but a footnote to these subjects. My contention is that Freud's writings on these subjects can contribute more to our understanding of Freud, the person, than they do to some of the subjects he is writing about. Toward this end I will focus on two of Freud's works, written more than 30 years apart, his early Moses of Michelangelo and his late-life work Moses and Monotheism, which reflect the considerable changes in Freud's thinking.

  5. The Discovery of the Regular Movements of Celestial Bodies and the Development of Monotheism in the Ancient Near East

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanfranchi, G. B.

    2011-06-01

    For Ancient Mesopotamians, astronomical phenomena were signs signifying the gods' judgment on human behaviour. Mesopotamian scholars studied celestial phenomena for understanding the gods' will, and strongly developed astrology. From the 8th to the 6th century BC Assyrian and Babylonian astronomers achieved the ability to predict solar and lunar eclipses, and the planets' movements through mathematical calculations. Predictability of astral phenomena solicited the awareness that they are all regular, and that the universe is governed by an eternal, immutable order fixed at its very beginning. This finally favoured the idea that the cosmic order depended on the will of one god only, displacing polytheism in favour of monotheism; and astrology lost its religious importance as a mean to know the divine will.

  6. La Tentation et les savoirs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisèle Séginger

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Malgré son inactualité apparente, La Tentation de Saint Antoine se rattache à une série de savoirs, de recherches historiques, d’interrogations qui caractérisent son époque et définissent une configuration épistémologique. Les savoirs sont impliqués à deux niveaux : dans l’organisation de la poétique de l’œuvre, dans les représentations de l’œuvre. Flaubert utilise des savoirs historiques, anthropologiques et psychiatriques qui légitiment l’organisation du texte et les déconstruit en même temps. Il invente une nouvelle forme de grotesque – le grotesque des idées – et met en abyme un questionnement sur les savoirs qui évolue de la première Tentation à celle de 1874.Despite its apparent irrelevancy to Flaubert's time, La Tentation de Saint Antoine is linked to a net of knowledge, historical research, questions that characterize a period and define an epistemological configuration. These types of knowledge are at play on two levels: in the organization of the poetics of the work and in its representations. Flaubert uses historical, anthropological and psychiatric knowledge which legitimates the organization of the text while at the same time he deconstructs this body of knowledge. Flaubert invents a new form of grotesque – the grotesque of ideas – and, in a mise-en-abyme from the first Tentation to the 1874 version, he questions these fields of knowledge.

  7. The Translation of Films: Sub-Titling versus Dubbing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voge, Hans

    1977-01-01

    A study of film translation. Well-documented opinions are given on the advantages and disadvantages of both dubbing and sub-titling. One of the tentative conclusions is that sub-titling is to be preferred because it preserves the original dialogue and allows the audience verying degrees of comprehension. A bibliography is provided. (AMH)

  8. Yhwh, the Goddess and Evil: Is 'monotheism' an adequate concept to describe the Hebrew Bible's discourses about the God of Israel?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas C. R�mer

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The concept of �monotheism� has become a matter of debate in Hebrew Bible scholarship. This article investigates whether the concept should still be used, starting with Second Isaiah, who in the early Persian period elaborated a discourse that presented Yhwh as the only god. Therefore he had to integrate into this deity functions traditionally attributed to goddesses and to demons or evil gods. However, this attempt did not succeed. The goddess, whose elimination is probably reflected in Zechariah 5, returned in a certain way through the personification of Wisdom in Proverbs 8, and the �dark sides� of the gods were materialised in the figure of Satan, who experienced an impressive career in the following centuries. The question of evil is not resolved in the Hebrew Bible. Some texts admit the autonomy of evil, whereas Isaiah 45 claims that Yhwh himself is at the origin of evil. This diversity makes it difficult to characterise the Hebrew Bible as the result of a straightforward evolution from polytheism to monotheism.

  9. Tentative detection of phosphine in IRC+10216

    CERN Document Server

    Agúndez, M; Pardo, J R; Guélin, M; Phillips, T G

    2008-01-01

    The J,K = 1,0-0,0 rotational transition of phosphine (PH3) at 267 GHz has been tentatively identified with a T_MB = 40 mK spectral line observed with the IRAM 30-m telescope in the C-star envelope IRC+10216. A radiative transfer model has been used to fit the observed line profile. The derived PH3 abundance relative to H2 is 6 x 10^(-9), although it may have a large uncertainty due to the lack of knowledge about the spatial distribution of this species. If our identification is correct, it implies that PH3 has a similar abundance to that reported for HCP in this source, and that these two molecules (HCP and PH3) together take up about 5 % of phosphorus in IRC+10216. The abundance of PH3, as that of other hydrides in this source, is not well explained by conventional gas phase LTE and non-LTE chemical models, and may imply formation on grain surfaces.

  10. El lugar del padre primordial en Moisés y la religión monoteísta: Algunas conclusiones The Place Of The Primordial Father In Moses And Monotheism: Some Conclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Edith Raffaini

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available En Moisés y la religión monoteísta Freud desarrolla su última versión del padre. En este trabajo, analizo el lugar que ocupa el padre primordial de Tótem y tabú a partir de dicha versión. Presento, asimismo, un movimiento teórico fundamental en la teoría freudiana sobre el padre: el pasaje del padre primordial a la religión del padre como producto de la neurosis.In "Moses and Monotheism" Freud's ultimate version of the father is described. In this paper, the place the primordial father in "Totem und Tabu" occupies is established based on such version. The transition from the primordial father to the religion of the father as a neurosis product is analysed.

  11. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 600 ... ... Metals in the Water and Sediment from Challawa Gorge Dam, Kano, Nigeria ... Vol 7, No 1 (2014), Tiger Nut (Cyperus Esculentus): Composition, Products, Uses and ... Vol 5, No 1 (2012), In Vitro Antiplasmodial Activity and Cytotoxicity of ... List All Titles · Free To Read Titles This Journal is Open Access.

  12. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 151 - 200 of 373 ... South African Journal of Surgery. ... Vol 54, No 3 (2016), Instilling a culture of safety for laparoscopic ... VS Karthikeyan, P Dhanasekar, SC Sistla, MS Ali, .... Browse By Category · Browse Alphabetically · Browse By Country · List All Titles · Free To Read Titles This Journal is Open Access. Featuring ...

  13. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 158 ... Vol 6, No 2 (2014), A Novel Surgical Pre-suturing Technique for the Management ... VS Parelkar, JL Patel, BV Sanghvi, PB Joshi, SK Sahoo, N Sampat, SN Oak, N Sathe ... an Inguinal Hernia Incision in Simultaneous Laparoscopic Anterior .... List All Titles · Free To Read Titles This Journal is Open Access.

  14. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 77 ... Vol 12, No 1 (2012), Anaesthesia for Surgical Outreach in a Rural ... Trauma Patients with the Hip Flexed Versus Non Flexed (Hamstring Position), Abstract ... following laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized prospective study, Abstract .... List All Titles · Free To Read Titles This Journal is Open Access.

  15. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 162 ... Vol 8, No 1 (2012), A descriptive Survey on Teachers' Perception of EFL Writing ... Vol 12, No 2 (2017), An assessment of mathematics classroom teaching- learning process: ... Vol 3, No 2 (2008), Andragogical Approach for Sustainable .... List All Titles · Free To Read Titles This Journal is Open Access.

  16. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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  17. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 319 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 6, No 1 (2006), Analysis of staff training activities of Borno States Agricultural ... oil companies on the chieftaincy institution in Bayelsa State, Nigeria, Abstract PDF.

  18. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 111 of 111 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 6, No 2 (2016), Uses of systemic approach and chemist's triangle in ... nomenclature: Effect on senior secondary students' performance in rivers state of ...

  19. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 183 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Exploring the job satisfaction and organisational commitment of employees in ... Job insecurity, organisational commitment and work engagement among staff in ...

  20. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 451 - 500 of 1075 ... Browse Title Index ... EL Stellenberg, V Corfield ... programme on coronary artery disease risk in male employees ... Vol 14, No 4 (2008):, Influence of exercise on preconception, pregnant women, the development ...

  1. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 151 - 200 of 200 ... Vol 4, No 1 (2009), Review Article - Book title: Oral tradition as history ... and Argentina in comparison with Nigeria's 2014 pension reform act, Abstract .... quantitative and qualitative techniques in sociological research: a ...

  2. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 401 - 450 of 1075 ... Issue, Title ... beliefs about causes of sport success among Malaysian athletes, Abstract ... Vol 22, No 3:1 (2016), Golf tourism in South Africa: Profiling ... Cup's greening programmes and implications for environmental ...

  3. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 65 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index .... Vol 20, No 1 (2013), Implementation of Broad-Based Black Economic ... from the lean construction perspective: A focus on supply chain management, Abstract PDF.

  4. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 200 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 11, No 1 (2016), Assessment of supply chain management in Nigerian ... Vol 4, No 1 (2009), Democracy as a political imperative for successful implementation of ...

  5. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 423 ... ... Enforceability of African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights in Nigeria .... An Ethnographic Analysis of Traditional Title Dispute in Southern ... Nigeria: Discourse on Proposed Establishment of Grazing Routes and ...

  6. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 145 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 16, No 2 (2008), Access to and use of computers among clinical dental ... of undergraduate clinical dental students towards orthodontics and orthodontists in a ...

  7. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 522 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 12, No 1 (2006), A clinical comparison of disposable airway devices ... Vol 22, No 2 (2016), A new option in airway management: evaluation of the TotalTrack® ...

  8. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 301 - 350 of 463 ... Issue, Title ... Vol 38, No 2 (2016), Prevalence and effect of developmental ... student expectations for working in the tourism and hospitality industry: A ... Vol 38, No 3 (2016), Relationships among residence environment and individual ... of international physical activity questionnaire, Bahasa Malaysia ...

  9. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 201 - 250 of 426 ... Journal Home > Advanced Search > Browse Title Index ... Vol 21, No 1 (2016), Maximum potential cost-savings attributable to generic ... Vol 22, No 1 (2017), Movement as a critical concept in model generation to attain ... factors influencing paediatric adherence to anti-retroviral therapy, Abstract PDF.

  10. Titles of Midas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. L. Huxley

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available The Phrygian inscription on the tomb at Yazılıkaya (8th century gives Midas the titles wanax and lawagtas, paralled in Mycenaean, and there were strong connections between his dynasty and Greek Aeolis.

  11. A Tentative Analysis on the Principles of Subtitling Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽丽

    2015-01-01

    Thanks to rapidly development on information technologies and economy globalization, the international culture inter⁃actions through movies and TV sequels have changed audiences viewing experience greatly. Accompanying with the actors ’and the actresses’own voices and natural breathing, the subtitled ones enable almost all the audiences to have a genuine, authentic movie time. Whereas the dubbed ones are comparatively costly and time consuming in the process of reproduction, it have gradu⁃ally faded out from our sights. This thesis conducts a brief survey and a tentative analysis on the strategies of subtitling translation with the case study of the famous TV series Emma, which is recomposed from one of greatest British Romantic Author Jane Aus⁃tin’s masterpieces.

  12. What makes a good title?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Maria J

    2013-12-01

    The chances are the first thing you when you set out to write an article is the title. But what factors transform a mediocre title into a good title? Firstly, it should be both informative and specific, using words or phrases likely to be used when searching for information, for example 'nurse education' rather than simply 'nurse'. Secondly, it should be concise yet convey the main ideas clearly; articles with short titles reporting study findings have been found to attract higher numbers of viewing and citations. Thirdly, provide details of the study design to assist the reader in making an informed choice about the type of project your article is reporting. In taking these small steps when developing your title, your title can present a more concise, retrievable and clear articulation of your article.

  13. Interim Title V Program Approvals

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Policy and Guidance Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-operating-permit-policy-and-guidance-document-index. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  14. Tentative detection of the nitrosylium ion in space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cernicharo, J.; Tercero, B. [Departamento de Astrofísica, Centro de Astrobiología, CSIC-INTA, Ctra. de Torrejón a Ajalvir km 4, E-28850 Madrid (Spain); Bailleux, S. [Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes et Molécules, UMR 8523 CNRS, Université Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d' Ascq Cedex (France); Alekseev, E. [Institute of Radio Astronomy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Krasnoznamennaya ul. 4, Kharkov 61002 (Ukraine); Fuente, A.; Bachiller, R. [Observatorio Astronómico Nacional, Apdo. 112, E-28803 Alcalá de Henares (Spain); Roueff, E. [LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR 8112. Place J. Janssen, F-92190 Meudon (France); Gerin, M. [LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR8112 and Ecole Normale Superieure, 61 Avenue de l' Observatoire, F-75014 Paris (France); Treviño-Morales, S. P. [Instituto de Radio Astronomía Milimétrica (IRAM), Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, E-18012 Granada (Spain); Marcelino, N. [NRAO, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22902 (United States); Lefloch, B. [UJF-Grenoble/CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d' Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, F-38041 Grenoble (France)

    2014-11-01

    We report the tentative detection in space of the nitrosylium ion, NO{sup +}. The observations were performed toward the cold dense core Barnard 1-b. The identification of the NO{sup +} J = 2-1 line is supported by new laboratory measurements of NO{sup +} rotational lines up to the J = 8-7 transition (953207.189 MHz), which leads to an improved set of molecular constants: B {sub 0} = 59597.1379(62) MHz, D {sub 0} = 169.428(65) kHz, and eQq {sub 0}(N) = –6.72(15) MHz. The profile of the feature assigned to NO{sup +} exhibits two velocity components at 6.5 and 7.5 km s{sup –1}, with column densities of 1.5 × 10{sup 12} and 6.5 × 10{sup 11} cm{sup –2}, respectively. New observations of NO and HNO, also reported here, allow us to estimate the following abundance ratios: X(NO)/X(NO{sup +}) ≅ 511, and X(HNO)/X(NO{sup +}) ≅ 1. This latter value provides important constraints on the formation and destruction processes of HNO. The chemistry of NO{sup +} and other related nitrogen-bearing species is investigated by the means of a time-dependent gas phase model which includes an updated chemical network according to recent experimental studies. The predicted abundance for NO{sup +} and NO is found to be consistent with the observations. However, that of HNO relative to NO is too high. No satisfactory chemical paths have been found to explain the observed low abundance of HNO. HSCN and HNCS are also reported here with an abundance ratio of ≅ 1. Finally, we have searched for NNO, NO{sub 2}, HNNO{sup +}, and NNOH{sup +}, but only upper limits have been obtained for their column density, except for the latter for which we report a tentative 3σ detection.

  15. Region 7 Title V facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web map shows the Region 7 Title V facilities (Clean Air Act major sources), any Class I areas within 300 km of R7 States, and any Tribal areas within 50 miles...

  16. Editor's Shelf: International Juvenile Titles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell-Powell, Brenda

    1994-01-01

    Provides an annotated list of international juvenile picture books and notes those that emphasize text over pictures. The 49 titles present international perspectives for educators, librarians, and parents seeking materials with alternative cultural content. The majority are folk tales. (SLD)

  17. 77 FR 8865 - Public Water System Supervision Program Approval for the State of Illinois; Tentative Approval

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Public Water System Supervision Program Approval for the State of Illinois; Tentative Approval... State of Illinois submitted a primacy application for its approved Public Water System...

  18. 7 CFR 900.28 - Deadline for issuance of recommended decisions or tentative final decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... tentative final decisions. 900.28 Section 900.28 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Supplemental Rules of Practice Governing Proceedings To...

  19. 36 CFR 254.15 - Title standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Title standards. 254.15... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.15 Title standards. (a) Title evidence. (1) Unless otherwise specified by the... and “Standards for the Preparation of Title Evidence in Land Acquisitions by the United States”...

  20. Facing Title V permit constraints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patankar, U.M. [JACA Corp., Fort Washington, PA (United States)

    1995-06-01

    The new Title V operating permit requirement under state regulations pursuant to the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments will cover every emission source at a facility. These rules will significantly affect an operation by setting minimum compliance requirements, mandating periodic compliance certification, prescribing complex monitoring, record keeping and reporting procedures and making state and EPA approval of routine operational changes necessary through a permit amendment. The main concern with Title V is its effect on the operational flexibility of a facility, and individual emission sources within that facility. Unless properly addressed in a permit document, the term operational flexibility, so freely used by regulators in the context of the Title V program, can turn into a misnomer and the ability to operate as before may be significantly compromised under Title V. True operational flexibility is essential for businesses to respond to real changes in the marketplace. In the age of automation, just-in-time inventories and increased competition, flexibility to operate can mean the difference between growth and stagnation.

  1. Avoiding Title V permitting pitfalls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laswell, D.L.

    1993-04-01

    Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments requires states to implement new air operating permit programs. States have a great deal of flexibility in developing their permit programs. Industry should work now to ensure that state programs contain the favorable aspects of the federal regulations and do not contain more stringent requirements that are not required under the Clean Air Act. This article outlines areas of the permit program that have the potential to handicap industry`s ability to expand.

  2. CBM split title in Alberta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, L.M. [EnCana Corp., Calgary, AB (Canada); Laurin, W.

    2006-07-01

    Coalbed methane (CBM) coal underlies most of central and southern Alberta. This article discussed disputes surrounding CBM ownership and split-titles. Historically, ownership of lands in Alberta implied possession and rights of all under- and overground substances. Surface estates are now typically separated from the subsurface estate, and subsurface estates are further divided either on the basis of substances or stratigraphically to create a split-title. Mineral severances are used to separate respective mineral rights among owners. While there is a relative certainty that under provincial Crown tenure CBM is included in natural gas tenure, there is currently no Canadian jurisprudence in respect of CBM entitlement on split-title private lands. Where compressed natural gas (CNG) and coal are separately held, and CBM ownership is not specifically addressed in the mineral severance, there is no Canadian law respecting CBM ownership. Resolution of ownership issues has proceeded on a case by case basis. Coal owners argue that there is a distinct interrelationship between CBM and its host coal strata. Gas owners argue that the chemical composition of CBM is identical to CNG, and that the recovery method is similar to that of CNG. Courts have historically applied the vernacular test to resolve mineral substance ownership disputes, which considers the meanings of the word coal and coalbed methane as defined by industry. The most recent and relevant application of the vernacular test were the Borys/Anderson, which effectively implemented a gas-oil interface ownership determination, which if applied to a coal grant or reservation, may lead to the conclusion that the coal strata includes CBM. It was concluded that there are 26,000 individual mineral owners in Alberta that may become involved in CBM litigation. and could become parties to litigation. refs., tabs., figs.

  3. 42 CFR 476.86 - Correlation of Title XI functions with Title XVIII functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Correlation of Title XI functions with Title XVIII functions. 476.86 Section 476.86 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF...) Qio Review Functions § 476.86 Correlation of Title XI functions with Title XVIII functions. (a...

  4. A Tentative Analysis on Two Versions of EMMA at the Semantic Level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷鸣

    2015-01-01

    Jane Austin has been considered as one of the most distinguished English woman novelists.Among her six completed novels,Emma represents her full achievements.This paper tries to make a tentative analysis at the semantic level on the two versions of Emma,from Zhang Jinghao and Zhu Qingying.

  5. Total Synthesis and Tentative Structural Elucidation of Cryptomoscatone E3: Interplay of Experimental and Computational Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novaes, Luiz F T; Sarotti, Ariel M; Pilli, Ronaldo A

    2015-12-18

    A successful combination of computational chemistry and total synthesis was explored to tentatively elucidate the absolute configuration of cryptomoscatone E3, a polyketide isolated from the Brazilian tree Cryptocarya mandiocanna. Two independent synthetic approaches are discussed based on asymmetric allylation, ring closing metathesis, and aldol reactions.

  6. Language Assessment Impacts in China:a Tentative Analysis of TEM8

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cui; Yingqiong; Cheng; Hongying

    2015-01-01

    The paper aims to present a tentative analysis of language assessing impacts on relevant parties.It will start with discussing the connotation of test impacts and then the analysing the impacts of TEM8 on test takers,teachers and social level.The importance of such impacts will also be revealed in this paper.

  7. Interdisciplinarity in Science: A Tentative Typology of Disciplines and Research Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morillo, Fernanda; Bordons, Maria; Gomez, Isabel

    2003-01-01

    Presents a bibliometric methodology that provides a general overview of scientific disciplines with special attention to their interrelation. This work aims to establish a tentative typology of disciplines and research areas according to their degree of interdisciplinarity, measured through a series of indicators based on Institute for Scientific…

  8. Tentative checklist of the mosquitoes of Vietnam employing new classification for tribe Aedini (Diptera, Culicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bui, Phuong; Darsie, Richard F

    2008-06-01

    The new classification of tribe Aedini is used in a tentative checklist of the mosquitoes found in Vietnam, which contains 34 genera, 28 subgenera, and 191 species and subspecies. Mosquito-borne diseases in Vietnam are mentioned. Mosquito records from U.S. military sources during the Vietnam War are also considered.

  9. Preservice Biology Teachers' Conceptions About the Tentative Nature of Theories and Models in Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinisch, Bianca; Krüger, Dirk

    2016-11-01

    In research on the nature of science, there is a need to investigate the role and status of different scientific knowledge forms. Theories and models are two of the most important knowledge forms within biology and are the focus of this study. During interviews, preservice biology teachers (N = 10) were asked about their understanding of theories and models. They were requested to give reasons why they see theories and models as either tentative or certain constructs. Their conceptions were then compared to philosophers' positions (e.g., Popper, Giere). A category system was developed from the qualitative content analysis of the interviews. These categories include 16 conceptions for theories (n tentative = 11; n certain = 5) and 18 conceptions for models (n tentative = 10; n certain = 8). The analysis of the interviews showed that the preservice teachers gave reasons for the tentativeness or certainty of theories and models either due to their understanding of the terms or due to their understanding of the generation or evaluation of theories and models. Therefore, a variety of different terminology, from different sources, should be used in learning-teaching situations. Additionally, an understanding of which processes lead to the generation, evaluation, and refinement or rejection of theories and models should be discussed with preservice teachers. Within philosophy of science, there has been a shift from theories to models. This should be transferred to educational contexts by firstly highlighting the role of models and also their connections to theories.

  10. 78 FR 104 - Advisory Committees; Tentative Schedule of Meetings for 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ..., to be Panel. determined. Microbiology Devices Panel June 14. Molecular and Clinical Genetics Panel... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Advisory Committees; Tentative Schedule of Meetings for 2013...

  11. Simulation and Design of Tentative Muon Source Based on CSNS*%Simulation and Design of Tentative Muon Source Based on CSNS*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许文贞; 刘艳芬; 叶邦角

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a conceptual design for the first tentative surface muon source based on the proton beam provided by China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS). We have calcu- lated the optimal parameters of solid muon target, in which the method of Monte Carlo simula- tion is used to obtain the optimal muon beam parameters, such as beam fiuence rate, momentum spread and phase space distribution. A simple muon transport beamline system was also designed, which could transport the muons emitted from the muon target into the experimental area, where positrons from muon decay in a test sample are detected by a spectrometer. The beam optics of this new beam line is also described.

  12. la tentative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Lake

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Can a duet between music and image be a written essay? Collaborators Jane Lake and Hugo the Wolf explore this premise through sight, sound, and text in an essay, an attempt, a temptation on "repetition, memory, rhythm, and marks made by the passage of time."

  13. Ships Docked at Title V Permitted Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Policy and Guidance Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-operating-permit-policy-and-guidance-document-index. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  14. 24 CFR 203.387 - Acceptability of customary title evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Acceptability of customary title... AUTHORITIES SINGLE FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE Contract Rights and Obligations Property Title Transfers and Title Waivers § 203.387 Acceptability of customary title evidence. If the title and title evidence are...

  15. Comparing the characteristics of highly cited titles and highly alted titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Didegah, F.; Bowman, T.D.; Bowman, S.; Hartley, J.

    2016-07-01

    This study examines differences in the types of titles for articles that show high altmetric activity (highly alted articles) versus highly cited articles. This work expands on previous research on document titles in combination with a grounded theory approach to develop a codebook in which articles were manually coded based on 11 characteristics. The results show that there are differences and similarities in titles across many of the examined characteristics; highly cited titles and highly mentioned titles on Wikipedia have some similar characteristics such as they have the the highest percentage of substantive words; in addition, there are no or very few titles referencing outside or with humor/lightness on both platforms. Twitter and Facebook also showed some similarities having the highest percentage of humorous/light titles and lowest percentage of substantive words in their titles. (Author)

  16. How property title impacts urban consolidation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Easthope, Hazel; Warnken, Jan; Sherry, Cathy

    2014-01-01

    Continuing urbanisation is triggering an increase in multi-titled housing internationally. This trend has given rise to a substantial research interest in the social consequences of higher density living. Little enquiry, however, has been directed to examining how property title subdivisions gene...

  17. Land Titles and Rice Production in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Broeck, Katleen; Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn

    In most of the empirical literature on land titling, the household is regarded as unitary, and land rights are found to have ambiguous effects on land allocation, investment and productivity. Using data from 12 provinces in Vietnam, we diversify land titles, and show in a household fixed effects ...

  18. Land Titles and Rice Production in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Broeck, Katleen; Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn

    analysis of plot level rice yields that land titles are indeed important. Only exclusively held titles have the expected positive effects, and the positive effect on yields is found in male headed households. Furthermore, a household level rice yield function reveals that exclusive user rights...

  19. Explorations: Title III ESEA Programs in Iowa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Dept. of Public Instruction, Des Moines.

    Seventy projects funded by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, Title III, and providing the funds to public school districts to demonstrate the feasibility of educational innovations, are described in this document about Iowa Title III exemplary programs. Projects are subdivided according to planning grants, operational grants, guidance…

  20. Precision and Recall in Title Keyword Searches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McJunkin, Monica Cahill

    This study examines precision and recall for title and keyword searches performed in the "FirstSearch" WorldCat database when keywords are used with and without adjacency of terms specified. A random sample of 68 titles in economics were searched in the OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) Online Union Catalog in order to obtain their…

  1. Land Titles and Rice Production in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Broeck, Katleen; Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn

    In most of the empirical literature on land titling, the household is regarded as unitary, and land rights are found to have ambiguous effects on land allocation, investment and productivity. Using data from 12 provinces in Vietnam, we diversify land titles, and show in a household fixed effects...

  2. Land Titles and Rice Production in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Broeck, Katleen; Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn

    In most of the empirical literature on land titling, the household is regarded as unitary, and land rights are found to have ambiguous effects on land allocation, investment and productivity. Using data from 12 provinces in Vietnam, we diversify land titles, and show in a household fixed effects...

  3. Cultural Elements of English Movie Title

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琼

    2013-01-01

    Movie title is the name of a movie which to some extent determines the audience ’s choice to watch the movie or not. English movie title, as a special kind of English language, reflects language and culture of the specific English country. To better understand and appreciate the movie, it is essential to understand the cultural elements of the English movie title. The thesis with start with the introduction of movie title and its naming approaches, then analyze the three cultural elements that is historical, reli-gious and linguistic cultural elements in English movie title in the hope of providing helpful background knowledge for Chinese audience to better appreciate the English culture.

  4. University Mentality or Community College Paranoia: A Critique of Don Morgan's Reaction to David Riesman's Tentative Hypotheses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, George B.

    1979-01-01

    Responds to Don Morgan's reaction (JC 502 050) to David Riesman's article, "Community Colleges: Some Tentative Hypotheses" (JC 502 056). Summarizes Riesman's major arguments and challenges Morgan's interpretations of them. (AYC)

  5. Decaying vs annihilating dark matter in light of a tentative gamma-ray line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buchmueller, Wilfried; Garny, Mathias

    2012-06-15

    Recently reported tentative evidence for a gamma-ray line in the Fermi-LAT data is of great potential interest for identifying the nature of dark matter. We compare the implications for decaying and annihilating dark matter taking the constraints from continuum gamma-rays, antiproton flux and morphology of the excess into account. We find that higgsino and wino dark matter are excluded, also for nonthermal production. Generically, the continuum gamma-ray ux severely constrains annihilating dark matter. Consistency of decaying dark matter with the spatial distribution of the Fermi-LAT excess would require an enhancement of the dark matter density near the Galactic center.

  6. Paseo de San Francisco : tentative de rénovation des quartiers populaires

    OpenAIRE

    Melé, Patrice

    2014-01-01

    Le projet du Paseo de San Francisco en cours de réalisation à Puebla constitue la plus importante tentative de rénovation au cœur d’une zone mexicaine de protection des monuments historiques. Pour la première fois avec une telle ampleur, un projet d’urbanisme se propose de créer des espaces libres dans le centre pour attirer des investissements nationaux ou étrangers dans des activités touristiques qui doivent permettre la rénovation d’un ample secteur des barrios. Ce projet déclencha une for...

  7. Six Tentative Approaches to Culture Acquisition in English Learning in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝兴

    2012-01-01

      EFL teachers in China have come to realize that EFL teaching does not stop at the students' linguistic competence, but should go on to develop their communicative competence. To achieve this,it is essential for both teachers and students to be conscious of the sociolin-guistic functions of languages and take measures to increase their cultural awareness. Therefore, this article suggests some tentative approaches to culture acquisition in English learning,in the hope of increasing efficiency of English learning for the Chinese students.

  8. The Y(4140), X(4260), psi(2D), psi(4S) and tentative psi(3D)

    CERN Document Server

    van Beveren, Eef

    2009-01-01

    Data on B+ --> J/psi phi K+ and the Y(4140) enhancement recently reported by the CDF collaboration [arxiv:0903.2229] are analysed. The threshold behaviour, as well as traces of the X(4260) enhancement, the known c-cbar resonances psi(2D), psi(4S), and a tentative psi(3D) state, as observed in the mass distribution, suggest that the J/psi+phi system has quantum numbers JPC=1--. It is then argued that the Y(4140) enhancement does not represent any kind of resonance, but instead is a natural consequence of the opening of the J/psi+phi channel.

  9. Service Locator - Family Planning Title X

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This locator tool will help you find Title X family planning centers that provide high quality and cost-effective family planning and related preventive health...

  10. Korean Friend Receiving Title of Friendship Ambassador

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The CPAFFC held a ceremony on October 8, 2003 to confer the title of Friendship Ambassador upon Korean friend Lee Ik Soon in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the cause of Sino-Korean friendship.

  11. Current Actions Related to Title V

    Science.gov (United States)

    This site will provide basic information on clean air permitting under the title V operating permits program, provide access to state and regional permitting programs, and maintain access to proposed and final regulatory requirements.

  12. Packaging Differences of News Content on Title

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Atiqa Sabardila; I Dewa Putu Wijana; Suhandano

    2017-01-01

    This study investigates anything that underlie the differences of the variation on the packaging variation of the news content on the title that is based on the topicalization, the materials of news...

  13. 77 FR 52116 - Title VI; Final Circular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    .... Department of Justice advised Federal agencies in late 2001, ``although Sandoval foreclosed private judicial.... Recipients will be required to submit, with the Title VI Program, a copy of the Board resolution,...

  14. Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This database contains the most recent revision from the Government Printing Office (GPO) of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 21 - Food and Drugs.

  15. Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This database contains the most recent revision from the Government Printing Office (GPO) of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 21 - Food and Drugs.

  16. Identification of Two Novel Members of the Tentative Genus Wukipolyomavirus in Wild Rodents.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juozas Nainys

    Full Text Available Two novel polyomaviruses (PyVs were identified in kidney and chest-cavity fluid samples of wild bank voles (Myodes glareolus and common voles (Microtus arvalis collected in Germany. All cloned and sequenced genomes had the typical PyV genome organization, including putative open reading frames for early regulatory proteins large T antigen and small T antigen on one strand and for structural late proteins (VP1, VP2 and VP3 on the other strand. Virus-like particles (VLPs were generated by yeast expression of the VP1 protein of both PyVs. VLP-based ELISA and large T-antigen sequence-targeted polymerase-chain reaction investigations demonstrated signs of infection of these novel PyVs in about 42% of bank voles and 18% of common voles. In most cases only viral DNA, but not VP1-specific antibodies were detected. In additional animals exclusively VP1-specific antibodies, but no viral DNA was detected, indicative for virus clearance. Phylogenetic and clustering analysis including all known PyV genomes placed novel bank vole and common vole PyVs amongst members of the tentative Wukipolymavirus genus. The other known four rodent PyVs, Murine PyV and Hamster PyV, and Murine pneumotropic virus and Mastomys PyV belong to different phylogenetic clades, tentatively named Orthopolyomavirus I and Orthopolyomavirus II, respectively. In conclusion, the finding of novel vole-borne PyVs may suggest an evolutionary origin of ancient wukipolyomaviruses in rodents and may offer the possibility to develop a vole-based animal model for human wukipolyomaviruses.

  17. To Attract or to Inform:What Are Titles For?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    James Hartley

    2004-01-01

    @@ This paper critiques some titles in journal articles for being misleading and it argues that titles need to be informative. Examples are given of work on measuring the effectiveness of titles in two areas-sentence structure and reader comprehension - and the paper concludes with brief comments on the effectiveness of book titles.

  18. To Attract or to Inform: What Are Titles For?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    James; Hartley

    2004-01-01

      This paper critiques some titles in journal articles for being misleading and it argues that titles need to be informative. Examples are given of work on measuring the effectiveness of titles in two areas-sentence structure and reader comprehension - and the paper concludes with brief comments on the effectiveness of book titles.……

  19. 12 CFR 611.1137 - Title VIII service corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Title VIII service corporations. 611.1137... Organizations § 611.1137 Title VIII service corporations. (a) What is a title VIII service corporation? A title VIII service corporation is a service corporation organized for the purpose of exercising...

  20. Automatic Titling of Electronic Documents with Noun Phrase Extraction

    OpenAIRE

    LOPEZ, Cédric; Prince, Violaine; Roche, Mathieu

    2011-01-01

    International audience; Automatic titling (i.e. providing titles) is one of key domains of Web site accessibility. This paper provides an approach allowing the automatic titling of texts (e.g. emails, fora, etc.) relying on the morphosyntactic study of human written titles in a corpus of various texts. The method is developed in four stages: Corpus acquisition, candidate sentences determination for titling, noun phrase extraction in the candidate sentences, and finally, selecting a particular...

  1. Title I: Time to Get It Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roza, Marguerite; Lake, Robin

    2015-01-01

    Congress enacted the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) 50 years ago as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "War on Poverty." The most expansive federal education bill ever passed, it was developed as redress, establishing that poor children needed more educational services than wealthier children. Title I of the ESEA…

  2. Fast title extraction method for business documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsuyama, Yutaka; Naoi, Satoshi

    1997-04-01

    Conventional electronic document filing systems are inconvenient because the user must specify the keywords in each document for later searches. To solve this problem, automatic keyword extraction methods using natural language processing and character recognition have been developed. However, these methods are slow, especially for japanese documents. To develop a practical electronic document filing system, we focused on the extraction of keyword areas from a document by image processing. Our fast title extraction method can automatically extract titles as keywords from business documents. All character strings are evaluated for similarity by rating points associated with title similarity. We classified these points as four items: character sitting size, position of character strings, relative position among character strings, and string attribution. Finally, the character string that has the highest rating is selected as the title area. The character recognition process is carried out on the selected area. It is fast because this process must recognize a small number of patterns in the restricted area only, and not throughout the entire document. The mean performance of this method is an accuracy of about 91 percent and a 1.8 sec. processing time for an examination of 100 Japanese business documents.

  3. Multicultural Titles for Holidays and Celebrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell-Powell, Brenda

    1993-01-01

    This bibliography (14 sources) of holiday-oriented titles provides resources for school, library, and home use that present engaging perspectives on cultural celebrations, informative content, and potential for interactive use. All incorporate diversity as an everyday way of life rather than a special occasion posture. (SLD)

  4. 24 CFR 3500.16 - Title companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Title companies. 3500.16 Section 3500.16 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  5. Names, Nicknames, and Titles in Translation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bantas, Andrei

    1994-01-01

    Considers the problems related to the translation of names, nicknames, and titles. Discusses the general challenges requiring extensive cultural background, along with special challenges revealing an author's subjective intentions in the form of humor, invention, allusion, or distortion. Provides a method for dealing with such translational…

  6. Trois monothéismes, une cause commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanny Colonna

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’apport d’Albert Piette à l’anthropologie de la religion, à travers son livre La Religion de près constitue un miracle, au sens où l’on ne voit pas bien ce qui l’a rendu possible en 1999 plutôt qu’aujourd’hui, ou il y a vingt, cinquante ou soixante-quinze ans. Pour tout dire, étant donnés les blocages théoriques et politiques, au sens fort, qui ont rendues impossibles jusqu’ici toute sociologie ou anthropologie de la pratique ordinaire du catholicisme en France (et pratiquement ailleurs, on...

  7. The Insertion of Environmental Contents in the Engineering Teaching: A Tentative Approach at the UFMG, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandeira de Melo, Gilberto C.; Pinto, Joana Darc da Silva

    In this work a tentative approach is described, with the intent of an optimized insertion of the environmental contents in engineering courses, using the existing disciplines, and with a minimal, if any, increase of the disciplines related to environmental protection. The disciplines are firstly classified with regard to the environmental issues…

  8. 78 FR 4144 - Tentative Approval and Solicitation of Request for a Public Hearing for Public Water System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Tentative Approval and Solicitation of Request for a Public Hearing for Public Water System...: Notice is hereby given that the State of New York is revising its approved Public Water...

  9. 76 FR 2374 - Tentative Approval and Solicitation of Request for a Public Hearing for Public Water System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Tentative Approval and Solicitation of Request for a Public Hearing for Public Water System.... SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the State of New Jersey is revising its approved Public Water...

  10. 77 FR 13125 - Tentative Approval and Solicitation of Request for a Public Hearing for Public Water System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Tentative Approval and Solicitation of Request for a Public Hearing for Public Water System... CFR part 142, that the Commonwealth of Virginia is revising its approved Public Water...

  11. 26 CFR 301.6402-7 - Claims for refund and applications for tentative carryback adjustments involving consolidated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... paragraph (d)(1), the fiduciary must file Form 56-F, Notice Concerning Fiduciary Relationship of Financial... directly to the statutory or court-appointed fiduciary of an insolvent corporation that was a subsidiary in... and tentative carryback adjustments to the fiduciary of an insolvent financial institution that was a...

  12. L’hallucination de la connaissance : La Tentation de saint Antoine de Flaubert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagmar Stöferle

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available En représentant les démons dans la Tentation de saint Antoine, Flaubert transforme un concept chrétien par un concept psychologique élaboré par Alfred Maury, à savoir celui de l’hallucination hypnagogique. Mais ce n’est qu’à travers les différentes variantes du texte qu’on peut observer ce processus de substitution. Dans la première version de 1849, les apparitions sont toujours appelées des « démons ». Quand on lit Die christliche Mystik de Joseph von Görres que Flaubert a connu par la traduction de Charles Sainte-Foi (La mystique divine, naturelle et diabolique, Paris, 1862 on peut faire une découverte intéressante : Görres opère une distinction entre une « vraie » mystique chrétienne et une « fausse » mystique démoniaque. Ce qui là s’appelle l’extase est ici la possession par les démons. Toute la démonologie est expliquée par une conception hérétique du Mal, laquelle repose sur une fausse substantialisation, et dont il voit la manifestation la plus pure dans la religion gnostique du manichéisme. Or, comme l’on sait, Antoine est fortement attiré par la Gnose qui est, au sens grec du terme, une religion de la connaissance. Avec les adhérents de la Gnose il partage le dualisme entre un monde matériel, terrestre et un principe premier d’essence divine dans l’au-delà. Ainsi faut-il se poser la question s’il réussit finalement à surmonter le dualisme en recevant la connaissance ou bien si les dualismes continuent à persister dans le texte. La lecture de la Tentation mène à un double résultat : D’un point de vue macro-structurel, l’élément gnostique reste le non-surmontement du dualisme, lequel s’exprime sur le plan rhétorique par la résistance de l’allégorique dans le texte. En revanche, à la fin du texte, le dualisme est surmonté une seule fois dans la mise en scène d’une inversion du monisme (être-dans-le-monde et du dualisme (acosmisme.Representing the demons

  13. Male sterility in chestnuts. A tentative plan for the seed propagation of fruit trees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omura, Mitsuo; Akihama, Tomoya (Fruit Tree Research Station, Yatabe, Ibaraki (Japan))

    1982-03-01

    A tentative plan was proposed for chestnuts based on their pollination system, male sterility and restoration. The studies on the male sterility of 1,063 cultivars and clones suggested that there were three types of male sterility. The first type (S-1) was characterized by antherless florets. In the second type (S-2), the catkins fell before anthesis, and the third type (S-3) appeared to develop normally in gross floral morphology, but the pollen grains were abnormal in shape and did not have germinating power. In an interspecific hybrid clone CS which belonged to S-1, fertility was restored in an open pollinated progeny. The use of CS and CSO-3 with its restored fertility, permitted the planning of breeding the chestnut hybrid cultivars propagated by seeds. The inbred clones with either male sterility or restorer genes are first bred mainly by back crossing with parents with favorable pollen. The clones are selected individually for early bearing, wasp and disease resistance, and restoration. Then, the hybrid seedling lines between male sterile and restorer inbreds are evaluated for homogenity in nut characters and tree habits. Next, the hybrid seedling lines selected will be examined for crop yield, vigor and cross compatibility. The superior seedling lines are finally selected, and the parental inbreds are grafted to be propagated for seed production orchards.

  14. Modeling rock specimens through 3D printing: Tentative experiments and prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Quan; Feng, Xiating; Song, Lvbo; Gong, Yahua; Zheng, Hong; Cui, Jie

    2016-02-01

    Current developments in 3D printing (3DP) technology provide the opportunity to produce rock-like specimens and geotechnical models through additive manufacturing, that is, from a file viewed with a computer to a real object. This study investigated the serviceability of 3DP products as substitutes for rock specimens and rock-type materials in experimental analysis of deformation and failure in the laboratory. These experiments were performed on two types of materials as follows: (1) compressive experiments on printed sand-powder specimens in different shapes and structures, including intact cylinders, cylinders with small holes, and cuboids with pre-existing cracks, and (2) compressive and shearing experiments on printed polylactic acid cylinders and molded shearing blocks. These tentative tests for 3DP technology have exposed its advantages in producing complicated specimens with special external forms and internal structures, the mechanical similarity of its product to rock-type material in terms of deformation and failure, and its precision in mapping shapes from the original body to the trial sample (such as a natural rock joint). These experiments and analyses also successfully demonstrate the potential and prospects of 3DP technology to assist in the deformation and failure analysis of rock-type materials, as well as in the simulation of similar material modeling experiments.

  15. Aesthetics-based classification of geological structures in outcrops for geotourism purposes: a tentative proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhailenko, Anna V.; Nazarenko, Olesya V.; Ruban, Dmitry A.; Zayats, Pavel P.

    2017-03-01

    The current growth in geotourism requires an urgent development of classifications of geological features on the basis of criteria that are relevant to tourist perceptions. It appears that structure-related patterns are especially attractive for geotourists. Consideration of the main criteria by which tourists judge beauty and observations made in the geodiversity hotspot of the Western Caucasus allow us to propose a tentative aesthetics-based classification of geological structures in outcrops, with two classes and four subclasses. It is possible to distinguish between regular and quasi-regular patterns (i.e., striped and lined and contorted patterns) and irregular and complex patterns (paysage and sculptured patterns). Typical examples of each case are found both in the study area and on a global scale. The application of the proposed classification permits to emphasise features of interest to a broad range of tourists. Aesthetics-based (i.e., non-geological) classifications are necessary to take into account visions and attitudes of visitors.

  16. Tentative Research Introduction of Dance-Sociology%舞蹈社会学研究构想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王阳文

    2011-01-01

    在社会体系内,舞蹈作为社会文化的一种表现形式与社会各个因素密切相关,因此,舞蹈研究中把舞蹈置于社会体系内部予以探讨必不可少。在舞蹈研究多元化发展的今天,从社会层面探讨舞蹈理论是认识舞蹈的一种途径。本文通过对"舞蹈社会学"概念的阐释、定位以及对其研究对象的分析,提出构建"舞蹈社会学"的理论构想,以期能够拓展舞蹈研究空间。%As a representative form in social life,dancing is closely related to several aspects of society.Hence,considering dancing as a part of the social life in research is quite essential.Among the diversified ideas researching,from the sociological perspective is one particular way to cognize and explain dancing.With the definition,interpretation and analysis of the concept of "Dance-Sociology",the author attempts to propose the tentative research idea of it,which could expand the research field of dancing.

  17. AB036. Analysis of human mitochondrial genome mutations of Vietnamese patients tentatively diagnosed with encephalomyopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nghia, Phan Tuan; Thai, Trinh Hong; Hue, Truong Thi; Van Minh, Nguyen; Khanh, Phung Bao; Hiep, Tran Duc; Anh, Tran Kieu; Loan, Nguyen Thi Hong; Van, Nguyen Thi Hong; Anh, Pham Van; Hung, Cao Vu; Anh, Le Ngoc

    2015-01-01

    Human mitochondrial genome consists of 16,569 bp, and replicates independently from the nuclear genome. Mutations in mitochondrial genome are usually causative factors of various metabolic disorders, especially those of encephalomyopathy. DNA analysis is the most reliable method for detection of mitochondrial genome mutations, and accordingly an excellent diagnostic tool for mitochondrial mutation-related diseases. In this study, 19 different mitochondrial genome mutations including A3243G, A3251G, T3271C and T3291C (MELAS); A8344G, T8356C and G8363A (MERRF); G3460A, G11778A and T14484C (LHON); T8993G/C and T9176G (Leigh); A1555G (deafness) and A4225G, G4298A, T10010C, T14727C, T14728C, T14709C (encephalomyopathy in general) were analyzed using PCR-RFLP in combination with DNA sequencing. In addition, a real-time PCR method using locked nucleic acid (LNA) Taqman probe was set up for heteroplasmy determination. Screening of 283 tentatively diagnosed encephalomyopathy patients revealed 7 cases of A3243G, 1 case of G11778A, 1 case of A1555G, 1 case of A4225G, 1 case G4298A, and 1 case of 6 bp (ACTCCT/CTCCTA) deletion. Using the LNA Taqman probe real-time PCR, the heteroplasmy of some point mutations was determined and the results support a potential relationship between heteroplasmy level and severity of the disease.

  18. A Full Slice Test Version of a Tentative Upgraded Readout System for TileCal

    CERN Document Server

    Muschter, S; The ATLAS collaboration; Bohm, C; Eriksson, D; Kavianipour, H; Oreglia, M; Tang, F

    2011-01-01

    The upgrade plans on the ATLAS hadronic calorimeter (TileCal) include the full readout of all data to the counting room. In order to study functional requirements of the future upgraded TileCal readout system we have assembled a minimal TDAQ slice. The aim is to implement a tentative readout chain for TileCal, starting with a newly developed 3-in-1 FE-board from University of Chicago and ending with the storage of triggered data on a PC. Later we will use PMT pulses, amplified and shaped by the 3-in-1 board, as a data source. However, for simplicity we start by using well defined calibration pulses also generated by the 3-in-1 board. The pulses are sampled by a 12 bit ADC, which is connected to an ML605 evaluation board from XILINX. These boards emulate the new on-detector electronics. The ML605 communicates via two 5Gb/s optical links with a Virtex-6 FPGA development board from HighTech Global which emulates the off-detector electronics. The off-detector board is situated in a PC and uses PCIe for readout an...

  19. Influences of Cultural Differences on Translation of Titles of Laws

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾秀梅

    2014-01-01

    For whatever kind of literary forms, the first thing that we come into contact with is the title. The title functions as not only the eye catcher but also the summary of the context. Any legal document starts with its title and a good translation of the ti-tle lays the foundation for the interpretation of follow-up terms and conditions. However, translating titles of laws is affected by different factors, especially cultural differences, such as history, diction and conventions. Anyway, cultural impact on translation of law titles can be handled tactfully.

  20. Influences of Cultural Differences on Translation of Titles of Songs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈彩珍

    2014-01-01

    A title is like an eye that reveals its character. A good title of great originality can concentrate on the main points and arouse readers’interests. The title plays a significant part especially in the times of eyeball economy. However, though short as titles are, they always contain a lot of connotations which are quite difficult to translate. Translation is substantially kind of cross-cultural information communication, and translation of song titles is no exception. Due to different origins, Chinese and Western cultures possess their own characteristics in cultural images, ways of thinking, and historical allusions, which should be considered when translating song titles.

  1. Women Are More Likely than Men to Use Tentative Language, Aren't They? A Meta-Analysis Testing for Gender Differences and Moderators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leaper, Campbell; Robnett, Rachael D.

    2011-01-01

    Robin Lakoff proposed that women are more likely than men to use tentative speech forms (e.g., hedges, qualifiers/disclaimers, tag questions, intensifiers). Based on conflicting results from research testing Lakoff's claims, a meta-analysis of studies testing gender differences in tentative language was conducted. The sample included 29 studies…

  2. Women Are More Likely than Men to Use Tentative Language, Aren't They? A Meta-Analysis Testing for Gender Differences and Moderators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leaper, Campbell; Robnett, Rachael D.

    2011-01-01

    Robin Lakoff proposed that women are more likely than men to use tentative speech forms (e.g., hedges, qualifiers/disclaimers, tag questions, intensifiers). Based on conflicting results from research testing Lakoff's claims, a meta-analysis of studies testing gender differences in tentative language was conducted. The sample included 29 studies…

  3. Application of Domestication Theory in Translation of Movie Titles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明亮; 刘智慧

    2011-01-01

    This thesis attempts to discuss Chinese and English movie titles translation from the perspective of domestication theory and concludes domestication translation can break through restricts at the linguistic level to convey the meaning and spirit of movie titles efficiently.

  4. Pleistocene glaciations in the weatern Arctic Ocean: Tentative age model of marine glacial landforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niessen, Frank; Stein, Rüdiger; Matthiessen, Jens; Jensen, Laura; Nam, Seung-Il; Schreck, Michael

    2015-04-01

    Recently glacial landforms were presented and interpreted as complex pattern of Pleistocene glaciations in the western Arctic Ocean along the continental margin of the East Siberian and Chukchi seas, (Niessen et al. 2013, Dove et al. 2014). These landforms include moraines, drumlins, glacigenic debris flows, till wedges and mega-scale glacial lineations. Orientations of some of the landforms suggest the presence of former ice sheets on the Chukchi Borderland and the East Siberian shelf. Here we present a tentative age model for some of the younger glacial events by correlation of sediment cores with glacial landforms as seen in subbottom profiles. The database was obtained during RV "Polarstern" cruise ARK-XIII/3 (2008) and RV "Araon" cruise ARA03B (2012), which investigated an area between the Chukchi Borderland and the East Siberian Sea between 165°W and 170°E. The stratigraphic correlation of sediment cores is based on physical properties (wet-bulk density and magnetic susceptibility), lithology and color. The chronology of the area has been proposed by Stein et al. (2010) for a core from the Chukchi Abyssal Plain (PS72/340-5) and includes brown layers B1 to B9 (marine isotope stages MIS 1 to MIS 7), which are used as marker horizons for lateral core correlation. Our tentative age model suggests that the youngest and shallowest (480 m below present water level; mbpwl) grounding event of an ice sheet on the Chukchi Borderland is younger than B2 (interpreted as Last Glacial Maximum; LGM). There is no clear evidence for a LGM glaciation along the East Siberian margin because intensive post LGM iceberg scouring occurred above 350 m present water level. On the slopes of the East Siberian Sea two northerly directed ice advances occurred, both of which are older and younger than B2 and B3, respectively. The younger advance grounded to about 700 m present water depth along the continental slope and the older to 900 m and 1100 m on the Arlis Plateau and the East

  5. Rotational spectroscopy, tentative interstellar detection, and chemical modeling of N-methylformamide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belloche, A.; Meshcheryakov, A. A.; Garrod, R. T.; Ilyushin, V. V.; Alekseev, E. A.; Motiyenko, R. A.; Margulès, L.; Müller, H. S. P.; Menten, K. M.

    2017-05-01

    Context. N-methylformamide, CH3NHCHO, may be an important molecule for interstellar pre-biotic chemistry because it contains a peptide bond, which in terrestrial chemistry is responsible for linking amino acids in proteins. The rotational spectrum of the most stable trans conformer of N-methylformamide is complicated by strong torsion-rotation interaction due to the low barrier of the methyl torsion. For this reason, the theoretical description of the rotational spectrum of the trans conformer has, up to now, not been accurate enough to provide a firm basis for its interstellar detection. Aims: In this context, as a prerequisite for a successful interstellar detection, our goal is to improve the characterization of the rotational spectrum of N-methylformamide. Methods: We use two absorption spectrometers in Kharkiv and Lille to measure the rotational spectra over the frequency range 45-630 GHz. The analysis is carried out using the Rho-axis method and the RAM36 code. We search for N-methylformamide toward the hot molecular core Sagittarius (Sgr) B2(N2) using a spectral line survey carried out with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The astronomical spectra are analyzed under the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium. The astronomical results are put into a broader astrochemical context with the help of a gas-grain chemical kinetics model. Results: The new laboratory data set for the trans conformer of N-methylformamide consists of 9469 distinct line frequencies with J ≤ 62, including the first assignment of the rotational spectra of the first and second excited torsional states. All these lines are fitted within experimental accuracy for the first time. Based on the reliable frequency predictions obtained in this study, we report the tentative detection of N-methylformamide toward Sgr B2(N2). We find N-methylformamide to be more than one order of magnitude less abundant than formamide (NH2CHO), a factor of two less abundant than the

  6. LABORATORY MEASUREMENTS AND TENTATIVE ASTRONOMICAL IDENTIFICATION OF H{sub 2}NCO{sup +}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, H.; Pearson, J. C. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Gottlieb, C. A.; Lattanzi, V.; McCarthy, M. C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2013-11-20

    The rotational spectrum of H{sub 2}NCO{sup +}, the ground-state isomer of protonated HNCO, has been measured in a molecular beam in the centimeter band with a Fourier transform microwave spectrometer and in a low-pressure laboratory discharge in absorption in the millimeter band. Spectroscopic constants, including the nitrogen-14 hyperfine coupling constant, derived from 30 a-type transitions between 20 and 367 GHz with J ≤ 18 and K{sub a} ≤ 3 allow the principal rotational transitions to be calculated to 1 km s{sup –1} or better in equivalent radial velocity well into the far IR. Two low-lying rotational transitions of H{sub 2}NCO{sup +} in the centimeter band (0{sub 0,} {sub 0}-1{sub 0,} {sub 1} and 1{sub 1,} {sub 0}-2{sub 1,} {sub 1}) were tentatively identified in absorption in the PRIMOS spectral line survey of Sgr B2(N) with the Green Bank Telescope. The lines of H{sub 2}NCO{sup +} arise in a region of the Sgr B2(N) halo whose density is low (n < 1 × 10{sup 4} cm{sup –3}). The derived column density of (6-14) × 10{sup 11} cm{sup –2} implies that the fractional abundance is ∼10{sup –12}. Owing to the ubiquity of HNCO in galactic molecular clouds, H{sub 2}NCO{sup +} is a good candidate for detection in sources spanning a wide range of physical conditions.

  7. Influences of Cultural Differences on Translation of Titles of Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈彩珍

    2014-01-01

    When translating the titles of films, translators are faced with not only different meanings of Chinese and English lan-guage, but also various cultural connotations behind the titles. Therefore, translators should take cultural differences into account in order to make the translated titles close to the connotations of the source culture. Such cultural differences as religious dissimi-larities, historical allusions and idiomatic expressions (or idioms) are major concerns when translating film titles.

  8. 29 CFR 452.7 - Bill of Rights, title I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bill of Rights, title I. 452.7 Section 452.7 Labor... DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 Other Provisions of the Act Affecting Title IV § 452.7 Bill of Rights, title I. The provisions of title I, “Bill of Rights of Members of Labor Organizations” 7 (particularly section 101(a)(1...

  9. 29 CFR 4022.63 - Estimated title IV benefit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Estimated title IV benefit. 4022.63 Section 4022.63 Labor... PAYABLE IN TERMINATED SINGLE-EMPLOYER PLANS Benefit Reductions in Terminating Plans § 4022.63 Estimated... administrator shall determine each participant's estimated title IV benefit. The estimated title IV...

  10. 14 CFR 1245.109 - Assignment of title to NASA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Assignment of title to NASA. 1245.109... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations § 1245.109 Assignment of title to NASA. (a) The instrument of waiver set forth in § 1245.115(c) shall be voided by NASA with respect to the domestic title...

  11. 44 CFR 208.27 - Title to equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Cooperative Agreements § 208.27 Title to equipment. Title to equipment purchased by a Sponsoring Agency with funds provided under a DHS Preparedness Cooperative Agreement vests in the Sponsoring Agency, provided that DHS reserves the right to transfer title to the Federal Government or a third party that DHS...

  12. Academic Achievement Differences between Title I Students Enrolled in Music Classes and Title I Students Who Are Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDaniel, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Purpose. The purpose of the study was to determine academic achievement differences between those Title I students enrolled in music classes and Title I students who are not enrolled in music classes. A second purpose was to determine educators' perceptions regarding the educational justice implications of excluding nonproficient Title I students…

  13. Academic Achievement Differences between Title I Students Enrolled in Music Classes and Title I Students Who Are Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDaniel, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Purpose. The purpose of the study was to determine academic achievement differences between those Title I students enrolled in music classes and Title I students who are not enrolled in music classes. A second purpose was to determine educators' perceptions regarding the educational justice implications of excluding nonproficient Title I students…

  14. Futurist Art: Motion and Aesthetics As a Function of Title

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastandrea, Stefano; Umiltà, Maria A.

    2016-01-01

    Very often the titles of Futurist paintings contain words denoting movement in order to satisfy their artistic poetic focused on motion and velocity. The aim of the present study is to investigate the reported dynamism and aesthetic quality of several Futurist artworks as a function of their title. Ten Futurist artworks with a movement-related word in the title were selected for this study. The titles were manipulated, resulting in four conditions for each painting: the “original title” with the movement word; an “increased” title in which an adjective was added in order to intensify the sense of dynamism; a “decreased” title, in which the movement word was eliminated; no title. Participants evaluated the movement suggested by each painting in the four different title conditions, rated their beauty and reported how much they liked the work. Results showed that the manipulation of the title had an effect on the reported movement: compared to the others, paintings presented with the “original” and with the “increased” title received significant higher movement scores. Of interest, beauty did not differ across conditions, but liking was higher for the conditions with more movement. Lastly, positive correlations between the quantity of perceived movement and aesthetic evaluation were found. From the present results it can be concluded that Futurists attributed much relevance to the titles of their artworks in order to effectively increase the expression of the movement represented. PMID:27242471

  15. Editorial: The HTML Title Tag and Its Importance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Noruzi

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The Title Tag is an HTML code. The text embedded in the title tag of a web page appears as the title of the web page in search engine results. Moreover, the information contained in a title tag appears as a header or label at the top of the screen in the reverse bar of a web browser window (such as Internet Explorer to present obviously the title of the web page that is being viewed. It should be pointed out that checking the web pages presented as "Untitled Document", indicated that some of them have their unique titles and are not untitled. In other words, search engines present many web pages as untitled documents, while they have their unique titles. The question is why such pages are retrieved in response to the title command (i.e. allintitle:Untitled or intitle:Untitled? This is also true for other search engines, like Yahoo, as we tested the title command on Yahoo (title:Untitled.

  16. What Difference Does a Title Make

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balle, Søren Hattesen

    2006-01-01

    out by Gerard Genette, by naming and “designat[ing] it as precisely as possible and without too much risk of confusion” (Genette, 1997). In accordance with its title the poem thus represents the discourse of a newsreader neutrally reporting the events of war scenario. However, each section of the poem....... On such a reading, the poem is often given further significance through a contextual interpretation, taking into consideration that its time of writing coincided with the Vietnam War. In this light, the poem is interpreted as a critical comment on how through its ostensibly objective and neutral tone news reporting...... as a news report, its subtitles section and transform it into a list of aesthetically pleasing emblems, whose literal reference to so many scenes of war is really the figurative expression of a gooseneck lamp, a typewriter, a pile of mss., typed sheet, etc. The main claim of this paper is that Bishop’s poem...

  17. Evaluation of Mining Titles Based on Option-Pricing Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Limitations exist in applying discounted cash flow and analogy sales methods to evaluate mining titles. In order to find a more appropriate way of evaluating mining titles, the Black-Scholes model is discussed in this paper. The authors pay particular attention to the determination of the time to maturity of the option on the basis of characteristics of the mining industry, pointing out that a reasonable time to maturity of the option should be the remaining time after deducting the essential time, needed by exploitation of the mineral resources within the mining property, from the life of the mining title. Several conclusions, related to the exercise of mineral resource management, are drawn from a case study analysis; extending the life of a mining title within a certain range could increase the revenue to the seller of the mining title. Application of the Black-Scholes model to evaluate mining titles would encourage an expansion of the scale of production.

  18. CASL - The CoFI Algebraic Specification Language (Tentative Design, version 0.95) - Language Summary, with annotations concerning the semantics of constructs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haxthausen, Anne

    1997-01-01

    This is version 0.95 of the official summary of the Tentative Design of CASL, the CoFI Algebraic Specification Language, annotated by the CoFI Semantics Task Group with suggestions for the semantics of constructs.......This is version 0.95 of the official summary of the Tentative Design of CASL, the CoFI Algebraic Specification Language, annotated by the CoFI Semantics Task Group with suggestions for the semantics of constructs....

  19. 20 CFR 411.552 - What effect will the subsequent entitlement to title II benefits have on EN payments for title...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... to title II benefits have on EN payments for title XVI beneficiaries after they assign their ticket... to title II benefits have on EN payments for title XVI beneficiaries after they assign their ticket... outcome for which an EN can be paid, but the beneficiary later becomes entitled to title II benefits,...

  20. The formalization fix? Land titling and land concessions in Cambodia

    OpenAIRE

    Dwyer, Michael B.

    2015-01-01

    Issuing land titles to smallholder farmers has long been embraced as a way to promote lending and land markets, but is increasingly being reframed as a way to protect smallholders from irresponsible agricultural investment. This brief examines the case of Cambodia, where over the last decade extensive land titling efforts have occurred alongside a wave of large-scale land concessions. The problem, however, is that titling has failed to live up to the rhetoric of systematic coverage, and has o...

  1. Learning from the past, altering the future: a tentative theory of the effect of past relationships on couples who remarry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brimhall, Andrew; Wampler, Karen; Kimball, Thomas

    2008-09-01

    Using grounded theory methodology 16 participants, each in a second marriage as a result of divorce, were interviewed individually and with their partner. Participants were asked to describe how their first marriages were currently affecting their second. Trust was the central category that emerged. From this central category 3 additional categories surfaced: lack of trust in the previous relationship, attempts to increase trust while dating, and presence of trust in the current relationship. Participant feedback, internal and external auditors, and the existing literature were all used to validate the results. A tentative theory, complete with provisional hypotheses, was developed that could help clinicians address some of the challenges described by couples who remarry.

  2. Influences of Cultural Differences on Translation of Titles of Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾秀梅

    2014-01-01

    With the fast-pacing of globalization, cross-cultural communications are becoming increasingly frequent. Translation of the literary works, or novels is one of the most popular models of cultural exchange. While the translation of novel titles comes with first importance as successful translation of the titles facilitates a bird’s eye view of the whole context. However, the transla-tion of novel titles is no easy without consideration of cultural differences which directly influence people’s thoughts and under-standing. Therefore, translating novel titles requires an overall analysis of such cultural elements as religion, cultural images, way of thinking, and historical allusions.

  3. On Translating English Movie Titles into Chinese Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王奥南

    2013-01-01

    Movie is an art and a commodity as well. With the opening of the Chinese market, we have more English movies. The translation of movie titles must be accurate and embody the commercial values. As the huge differences between two kinds of culture, language in the film titles translation, how to do to“faithfulness, expressiveness, elegance?”For various types of Eng⁃lish movie titles translation, several principles should be obeyed. After the analysis of the current problems and principles of transla⁃tion of English movie titles, the translation skills are summarized.

  4. Video Game Title Translation Functional Translation Theory Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xiao-rong

    2016-01-01

    The video game plays an important role in inter-cultural communication studies. However, few have ventured the field of E-C translation of video game titles. Within the frame of Skopostheorie, this paper focuses on the three translation strategies brought up by the functions and features of video game titles. When preserving the structure and meaning of the original title is possible, literal translation should be used. However, the fact that some translators ignore the context of the title causes rigid translation. Transliteration is recommended when the title is the name of a person or place because the meaning of the title is hard to be preserved by the other two strategies. Since there are cultural differences between China and western world, when lit-eral translation and transliteration cannot present the meaning of the title, free translation should be used. Translators should bear the content and game play of the game in mind in order to free themselves from the formal equivalence for a properly translated title. Free translation does not mean translators can do the translation as whatever they want in the name of Skopos, they should avoid arbitrary translation. The aim of this paper is to help people to understand more about the E-C translation of video game ti-tle as well as the practical translation strategies and Sino-western inter-cultural communication.

  5. Getting to One from Title 10 + Title 32: Unity of Effort in the Homeland

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Program,” with the purpose of “collecting operational and reconnaissance data, conducting research, and analyzing data on tropical cyclones to assist...natural disasters under Title 14 of U.S. Code. This authority was utilized following the January 12, 2010 earthquake disaster in Haiti when Secretary...Secretary Napolitano stated, “activating our reserve Coast Guard forces will expand our capacity to assist in aid efforts in Haiti ” (Department of

  6. Unusual suicides of young women with tentative cuts and fatal neck injuries by chain saw and circular saw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grellner, Wolfgang; Wilske, Jochen

    2009-09-10

    Suicides with chain saws and circular saws are extreme exceptions, in particular with regard to females and concerning the neck region. We report two of such rare cases involving young women. A 30-year-old female with a known schizoaffective psychosis killed herself with an electric chain saw. The autopsy revealed a deep saw cut of the neck and shoulder with partial transection of the cervical spine. Several tentative saw cuts were present on the right lower jaw. A 29-year-old woman suffering from depression committed suicide by use of a circular saw. She inflicted herself fatal neck injuries with at least three separate cutting procedures. Our cases were characterized by the following features: female sex, young adulthood, no occupational experience with saws, psychiatric disorders, absence of alcohol or drugs, use of an aggressive method of suicide, focus of saw injuries on the right side of the neck, detection of tentative saw cuts or several trials, identical causes of death (exsanguination and blood aspiration).

  7. 20 CFR 408.931 - How much will we withhold from your title II and title XVI benefits to recover a title VIII...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... willfully misrepresented or concealed material information in connection with the overpayment. (c) In... withholding from title VIII benefits. (d) If you or your spouse willfully misrepresented or concealed material...

  8. 24 CFR 203.37 - Nature of title to realty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Nature of title to realty. 203.37 Section 203.37 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... § 203.37 Nature of title to realty. A mortgage, to be eligible for insurance, must be on real...

  9. Book Title Output and Average Prices: 2008-2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Catherine; Harbison, Constance

    2012-01-01

    The print publishing industry is showing signs of recovering from the worst of the economic downturn even as the surge in popularity of ebooks raises questions about the future of printed materials. From a high of 190,502 titles in 2007, overall American book title output fell to 178,841 in 2009 but climbed back to 186,344 in 2010; preliminary…

  10. 28 CFR 33.22 - Title to personal property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Title to personal property. 33.22 Section 33.22 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAMS Criminal Justice Block Grants Allocation of Funds § 33.22 Title to personal property. Section 808 of...

  11. Targeting Schools: Study of Title I Allocations within School Districts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stullich, Stephanie; Donly, Brenda; Stolzberg, Simeon

    Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is intended to support state and local efforts to ensure that all children reach challenging standards by providing additional resources for schools and students that have the farthest to go. The 1994 reauthorization of the ESEA included a number of changes to Title I allocation…

  12. Titling indigenous communities protects forests in the Peruvian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackman, Allen; Corral, Leonardo; Lima, Eirivelthon Santos; Asner, Gregory P

    2017-04-18

    Developing countries are increasingly decentralizing forest governance by granting indigenous groups and other local communities formal legal title to land. However, the effects of titling on forest cover are unclear. Rigorous analyses of titling campaigns are rare, and related theoretical and empirical research suggests that they could either stem or spur forest damage. We analyze such a campaign in the Peruvian Amazon, where more than 1,200 indigenous communities comprising some 11 million ha have been titled since the mid-1970s. We use community-level longitudinal data derived from high-resolution satellite images to estimate the effect of titling between 2002 and 2005 on contemporaneous forest clearing and disturbance. Our results indicate that titling reduces clearing by more than three-quarters and forest disturbance by roughly two-thirds in a 2-y window spanning the year title is awarded and the year afterward. These results suggest that awarding formal land titles to local communities can advance forest conservation.

  13. 24 CFR 234.65 - Nature of title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Nature of title. 234.65 Section 234.65 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... OWNERSHIP MORTGAGE INSURANCE Eligibility Requirements-Individually Owned Units § 234.65 Nature of title....

  14. Evaluation Report, Brookville EEE Program, ESEA Title I, Summer, 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Don L.

    Contained in this report is an evaluation of the ESEA Title I Environmental-Ecological Education Program for educationally disadvantaged students operated by the Brookville Area School District, Pennsylvania. The program is a modification of a previously operated ESEA Title III Rural Youth Enrichment Program. Conducted during the summer of 1970,…

  15. Foreignizing Translation and Domesticating Translation of Hong Kong Movie Titles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林慧韵

    2014-01-01

    Generally,the movie title translation strategy would be divided into two:domesticating translation strategy and foreignizing translation strategy.The movie title translation in Hong Kong is chosen to be the material for the analysis of the domesticating translation strategy and foreignizing translation strategy,compared with that of Mainland China.

  16. 24 CFR 203.389 - Waived title objections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... SINGLE FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE Contract Rights and Obligations Property Title Transfers and Title..., and other customary easements for public utilities, party walls, driveways, and other purposes. (2... exercise of the rights thereunder do not interfere with any of the buildings or improvements located on the...

  17. Essay Titles – Getting the Best out of Students?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvetka Sokolov

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Essay titles are important (demotivating factors that have an immense influence on the quality of students’ writing. The article focuses on two questionnaires aimed at students of English, and at lecturers teaching, writing skills at the Department of English at the Faculty of Arts in Ljubljana. Both groups of respondents were asked to consider a list of essay titles taken from various authentic sources, deciding whether, to what extent, and under what circumstances they found them suitable. In addition, the respondents were asked to paraphrase each title in their own words to convey their interpretation and understanding of a particular title. The results and conclusions arrived at by means of the questionnaires are presented and compared to my prior expectations, stemming primarily from my teaching experience. The topic is also discussed in the light of what experts on essay writing say about essay titles.

  18. Inscribing Authority: Female Title Bearers in Jewish Inscriptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrie Duncan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates representations of gender in the material culture of the ancient synagogue. The pertinent data are numerous dedicatory and funerary inscriptions linking individual Jews, men and women, with titles seemingly associated with leadership in Late Antique synagogues (ca. 200–600 CE. Bernadette Brooten’s influential 1982 monograph argued against the prevailing tendency to characterize these titles as indications of power, authority, and responsibility when associated with men but as meaningless flattery when applied to women. She suggests that synagogue titles denote power, authority and responsibility on all title bearers equally, both men and women. I question the continued utility of proffering female title-holders as enumerable examples of powerful women rescued from their forgotten place in history. Using theoretical insights developed by historians Elizabeth Clark and Gabrielle Spiegel, this paper will engage a comparative analysis with the work of Riet van Bremen and Saba Mahmood to develop new methods of conceptualizing women’s authority in early Jewish communities. I propose that viewing women’s synagogue titles as culturally constructed representations allows for a fruitful inquiry into how women’s titles were used by male-dominated synagogue communities in their self-articulation and public presentation of Judaism.

  19. Influences of cultural differences on the translation of titles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田琦

    2007-01-01

    Every country in the world has titles since the ancient times which describe a person's social status or economic power.But because of the different cultures,there are many difficulties in the title translation.This dissertation talks about the cultural differences from these aspects: history,religion,thought,country situation,custom,and economy.And also,this dissertation gives five principles to the title translation.They are principles of levels,principles of changelessness,principles of shortness and conciseness,principles of common use,principles of exceptions.

  20. Learning Approaches toward Title Word Selection on Indic Script

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.Vijayapal Reddy

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Title is a compact representation of a document which distill the important information from the document. In this paper we studied the selection words as title words by using different learning approachesnamely nearest neighbor approach (NN, Naive Bayes approach with limited-vocabulary (NBL, Naive Bayes approach with full vocabulary (NBF and by using a term weighing approach (tf-idf. We compare theperformance of these approaches by using F1 metric. We compare the F1 metric results both on English Script and Indic Script ' Telugu'. We concluded the influence of linguistic complexity in the process of Title word selection.

  1. Statistics On Title II Direct Payments To Claimant Representatives

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Every person has the right to be represented by an attorney or other representative while pursuing a claim or other rights. This dataset contains data around Title...

  2. Formal Land Titling vs. Small and Medium Enterprises' (SMEs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    Indexed African Journals Online: www.ajol.info. AN INTERNATIONAL ... Key Words: Credit Access, Land, Formal Title, SMEs, South-Western Nigerian ... growth, there are extensive number of challenges and constraints confronting the sector.

  3. [Title conveyance: Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge: Papers and documentation

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is a collection of documents pertaining to title conveyance of Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge. The following material is included; tract description,...

  4. Settling Title VII Disputes: A Role for the Arbitrator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Stephen D.

    1976-01-01

    Selected arbitration cases illustrate the dilemma facing the arbitrator when employment practices that violate both the collective bargaining agreement and Title VII must be resolved. Problems in dealing with race and sex discrimination are discussed. (LBH)

  5. 32 CFR 644.69 - Title Clearance-Easements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... separate document in the Final Title Assembly submitted to HQDA (DAEN-REA-P) WASH DC 20314. (b) Easements..., except those which may be administratively waived, those which may be eliminated by the payment of money...

  6. WORLD TITLE BOXING: FROM EARLY BEGINNINGS TO THE FIRST BELL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Ramsay

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available There is scant literature where applied sport scientists have considered first hand experiences preparing professional boxers for world title bouts. The present submission reflects more than 10 years of applied experience working with professional boxers, residing in Canada. What follows is a composite of sequential steps that ownership and coaching staff of one Canadian management group have tried leading up to more than 20 world title bout experiences. The strategies proposed have been built progressively over time, and what follows is a general overview of a more detailed pre-bout structure from shortly in advance of a world title bout offer to the moment when the athlete enters the ring to perform. We propose that an effective structure is founded upon detailed a priori preparation, tactical decisions throughout bout preparation, and a thorough understanding by the athlete of what he will encounter during the title bout

  7. Attribute Extraction from Product Titles in eCommerce

    OpenAIRE

    More, Ajinkya

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a named entity extraction system for detecting attributes in product titles of eCommerce retailers like Walmart. The absence of syntactic structure in such short pieces of text makes extracting attribute values a challenging problem. We find that combining sequence labeling algorithms such as Conditional Random Fields and Structured Perceptron with a curated normalization scheme produces an effective system for the task of extracting product attribute values from titles. T...

  8. CASL - The CoFI Algebraic Specification Language (Tentative Design, version 0.95) -- Language Summary with annotations concerning questions and doubts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haxthausen, Anne

    1997-01-01

    This is version 0.95 of the official summary of the Tentative Design of CASL, the CoFI Algebraic Specification Language, annotated by the CoFI Semantics Task Group with questions and doubts concerning the meaning of constructs and the semantics of the interaction of constructs, and with notes...

  9. A simple tentative model of the losses caused by the Senegalese grasshopper, Oedaleus senegalensis (Krauss 1877) to millet in the Sahel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bal, Amadou Bocar; Ouambama, Zakaria; Dieng, Ibnou;

    2015-01-01

    based on these parameters was developed. The yield was significantly correlated to both the density of O. senegalensis and the defoliation level on 17 September. The best model to foresee millet yield involved grasshopper density and cumulated rainfall and may be regarded a tentative method in O...

  10. Aboriginal Determination: Native Title Claims and Barriers to Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zia Akhtar

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The Australian government has proposed a referendum in 2012 to decide the constitutional status of its indigenous people. There is at present no mechanism to define the indigenous people as a domestic or foreign entity of the Commonwealth. This is an important issue because other settler governments have developed a framework to implement their relationship with the native people. As a result, it is difficult prove title to land that has been abrogated by the deeds of the settlers. In Mabo v Queensland (2,the Commonwealth government was found to have breached its fiduciary duty to the Aboriginal peoples. The judgment led to the Native Title Act 1993 that established the process of asserting native rights that were held to coexist with pastoral ownership. The promulgation of the Native Title Amendment Act 1998 reversed this process and augmented the powers of non-native landlords by providing the device to extinguish native rights. In Western Australia v Ward, a mining lease was held to have precedence over native title that was adjudged to be part of a bundle of rights. In implementing the Native Title Act the issue turns on the determination of the ties to land/ sea that the government allows to the Aboriginal peoples. The judgment in Harrington-Smith on behalf of the Wongatha People v Western Australia indicates that title can be excluded on procedural grounds and that there was an incompatibility between the claims of the Aboriginal peoples and the settlers’ claims. The road map towards a more effective regime of proving title can be achieved if the Aboriginal peoples are granted recognition as a nation in the Constitution and a treaty is signed with them.

  11. Exploring Io's atmospheric composition with APEX: first measurement of 34SO2 and tentative detection of KCl

    CERN Document Server

    Moullet, A; Moreno, R; Gurwell, M; Black, J; Butler, B

    2013-01-01

    The composition of Io's tenuous atmosphere is poorly constrained. Only the major species SO2 and a handful of minor species have been positively identified, but a variety of other molecular species should be present, based on thermochemical equilibrium models of volcanic gas chemistry and the composition of Io's environment. This paper focuses on the spectral search for expected yet undetected molecular species (KCl, SiO, S2O) and isotopes (34SO2). We analyze a disk-averaged spectrum of a potentially line-rich spectral window around 345 GHz, obtained in 2010 at the APEX-12m antenna (Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment). Using different models assuming either extended atmospheric distributions or a purely volcanically-sustained atmosphere, we tentatively measure the KCl relative abundance with respect to SO2 and derive a range of 4x10^{-4}-8x10^{-3}. We do not detect SiO or S2O and present new upper limits on their abundances. We also present the first measurement of the 34S/32S isotopic ratio in gas phase on Io, wh...

  12. Neural mechanisms underlying the effects of face-based affective signals on memory for faces: a tentative model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsukiura, Takashi

    2012-01-01

    In our daily lives, we form some impressions of other people. Although those impressions are affected by many factors, face-based affective signals such as facial expression, facial attractiveness, or trustworthiness are important. Previous psychological studies have demonstrated the impact of facial impressions on remembering other people, but little is known about the neural mechanisms underlying this psychological process. The purpose of this article is to review recent functional MRI (fMRI) studies to investigate the effects of face-based affective signals including facial expression, facial attractiveness, and trustworthiness on memory for faces, and to propose a tentative concept for understanding this affective-cognitive interaction. On the basis of the aforementioned research, three brain regions are potentially involved in the processing of face-based affective signals. The first candidate is the amygdala, where activity is generally modulated by both affectively positive and negative signals from faces. Activity in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), as the second candidate, increases as a function of perceived positive signals from faces; whereas activity in the insular cortex, as the third candidate, reflects a function of face-based negative signals. In addition, neuroscientific studies have reported that the three regions are functionally connected to the memory-related hippocampal regions. These findings suggest that the effects of face-based affective signals on memory for faces could be modulated by interactions between the regions associated with the processing of face-based affective signals and the hippocampus as a memory-related region. PMID:22837740

  13. Tentative Ideas on Improving Food Quality%提高食品质量的若干思索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿锟

    2012-01-01

      Based on a brief analysis of food safety problems related to traditional culture, social ideology, supervisory management, etc. the writer suggests a few tentative ideas including improving the unhealthful elements in the Chinese tradition, investing more in software and hardware to construct a pyramid network of supervisory management at governmental or non-governmental levels . They are helpful to providing an environment for food safety.%  分析了传统文化、社会意识、监管体系中存在的食品安全相关问题,提出了相应的解决办法。丰富传统文化内涵有利于食品安全;通过“金字塔”式的食品监测与管理网络,运用行政、非行政手段,发挥宏观监管功能,加大软件和硬件投入,有助于提供食品安全环境。

  14. Serendipity in relationship: A tentative theory of the cognitive process of yuanfen and its psychological constructs in Chinese cultural societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsin-Ping eHsu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this article is to combine three important themes in Chinese cultural societies: serendipity in relationship (yuanfen, relational interactions, and psychological adaptation through self-cultivation. People who live in Chinese cultural societies are deeply affected by relationalism and tend to be very different from their Western counterparts, who adopt individualistic methods when dealing with interpersonal problems. They are highly likely to access the perspective of yuanfen as part of their cultural wisdom to convert negative feelings, awkwardness, or setbacks caused by interpersonal relationship incidents, into a type of cognitive belief that can be used to combat anxiety and actuate coping actions. Based on this, this article proposes the tentative theory of a dialectical model which comprises elements of the philosophies of Daoism, Buddhism and Confucianism, to analyze the cognitive operation process regarding yuanfen and to explain and predict how people in Chinese cultural societies differ from most Western people in terms of psychological adjustment and coping actions when dealing with interpersonal problems. Canonical correlation analysis was used in the empirical study to describe this model and resulted in two statistically significant canonical factor pairs. The hypothesized model has been partially verified. It is hoped that this framework can serve as a pilot perspective for future studies, and at the same time provide the Western academic world with a reference for understanding the concept and substantive effects of serendipity in relationship. Further suggestions for future research direction are offered.

  15. Serendipity in Relationship: A Tentative Theory of the Cognitive Process of Yuanfen and Its Psychological Constructs in Chinese Cultural Societies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Hsin-Ping; Hwang, Kwang-Kuo

    2016-01-01

    The main purpose of this article is to combine three important themes in Chinese cultural societies: serendipity in relationship (yuanfen), relational interactions, and psychological adaptation through self-cultivation. People who live in Chinese cultural societies are deeply affected by relationalism and tend to be very different from their Western counterparts, who adopt individualistic methods when dealing with interpersonal problems. They are highly likely to access the perspective of yuanfen as part of their cultural wisdom to convert negative feelings, awkwardness, or setbacks caused by interpersonal relationship incidents, into a type of cognitive belief that can be used to combat anxiety and actuate coping actions. Based on this, this article proposes the tentative theory of a dialectical model which comprises elements of the philosophies of Daoism, Buddhism and Confucianism, to analyze the cognitive operation process regarding yuanfen and to explain and predict how people in Chinese cultural societies differ from most Western people in terms of psychological adjustment and coping actions when dealing with interpersonal problems. Canonical correlation analysis was used in the empirical study to describe this model and resulted in two statistically significant canonical factor pairs. The hypothesized model has been partially verified. It is hoped that this framework can serve as a pilot perspective for future studies, and at the same time provide the Western academic world with a reference for understanding the concept and substantive effects of serendipity in relationship. Further suggestions for future research direction are offered.

  16. TENTATIVE EVIDENCE FOR RELATIVISTIC ELECTRONS GENERATED BY THE JET OF THE YOUNG SUN-LIKE STAR DG Tau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ainsworth, Rachael E.; Ray, Tom P.; Taylor, Andrew M. [Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Scaife, Anna M. M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Green, David A.; Buckle, Jane V., E-mail: rainsworth@cp.dias.ie [Cavendish Laboratory, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

    2014-09-01

    Synchrotron emission has recently been detected in the jet of a massive protostar, providing further evidence that certain jet formation characteristics for young stars are similar to those found for highly relativistic jets from active galactic nuclei. We present data at 325 and 610 MHz taken with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope of the young, low-mass star DG Tau, an analog of the Sun soon after its birth. This is the first investigation of a low-mass young stellar object at such low frequencies. We detect emission with a synchrotron spectral index in the proximity of the DG Tau jet and interpret this emission as a prominent bow shock associated with this outflow. This result provides tentative evidence for the acceleration of particles to relativistic energies due to the shock impact of this otherwise very low-power jet against the ambient medium. We calculate the equipartition magnetic field strength B {sub min} ≈ 0.11 mG and particle energy E {sub min} ≈ 4 × 10{sup 40} erg, which are the minimum requirements to account for the synchrotron emission of the DG Tau bow shock. These results suggest the possibility of low energy cosmic rays being generated by young Sun-like stars.

  17. Tentative detection of ethylene glycol toward W51/e2 and G34.3+0.2

    CERN Document Server

    Lykke, Julie M; Bergin, Edwin A; Jørgensen, Jes K

    2015-01-01

    How complex organic - and potentially prebiotic - molecules are formed in regions of low- and high-mass star-formation remains a central question in astrochemistry. In particular, with just a few sources studied in detail, it is unclear what role environment plays in complex molecule formation. In this light, a comparison of relative abundances of related species between sources might be useful to explain observed differences. We seek to measure the relative abundance between three important complex organic molecules, ethylene glycol ((CH$_2$OH)$_2$), glycolaldehyde (CH$_2$OHCHO) and methyl formate (HCOOCH$_3$), toward high-mass protostars and thereby provide additional constraints on their formation pathways. We use IRAM 30-m single dish observations of the three species toward two high-mass star-forming regions - W51/e2 and G34.3+0.2 - and report a tentative detection of (CH2OH)2 toward both sources. Assuming that (CH$_2$OH)$_2$, CH$_2$OHCHO and HCOOCH$_3$ spatially coexist, relative abundance ratios, HCOOC...

  18. Tentative Detection of Deuterated Methane toward the Low-Mass Protostar IRAS 04368+2557 in L1527

    CERN Document Server

    Sakai, Nami; Sakai, Takeshi; Hirota, Tomoya; Watanabe, Yoshimasa; Yamamoto, Satoshi

    2012-01-01

    The millimeter-wave rotational transition line ($J_K = 1_0 - 0_0$) of deuterated methane CH$_3$D has tentatively been detected toward the low-mass Class 0 protostar IRAS 04368+2557 in L1527 with the Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope. This is the first detection of CH$_3$D in interstellar clouds, if confirmed. The column density and fractional abundance of CH$_3$D are determined to be $(9.1\\pm3.4) \\times 10^{15}$ cm$^{-2}$ and $(3.0\\pm1.1) \\times 10^{-7}$, respectively, where we assume the rotational temperature of 25 K. The column density and fractional abundance of the gaseous CH$_4$ are estimated to be $(1.3-4.6) \\times 10^{17}$ cm$^{-2}$ and $(4.3-15.2) \\times 10^{-6}$, respectively, by adopting the molecular D/H ratios of 2--7% reported for various molecules in L1527. The fractional abundance of CH$_4$ is higher than or comparable to that found in high-mass star-forming cores by infrared observations. It is sufficiently high for triggering the efficient production of various carbon-chain molecules in...

  19. A Statistically-Based Low-Level Cloud Scheme and Its Tentative Application in a General Circulation Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Fushan; YU Rucong; ZHANG Xuehong; YU Yongqiang

    2005-01-01

    In this study, a statistical cloud scheme is first introduced and coupled with a first-order turbulence scheme with second-order turbulence moments parameterized by the timescale of the turbulence dissipation and the vertical turbulent diffusion coefficient. Then the ability of the scheme to simulate cloud fraction at different relative humidity, vertical temperature profile, and the timescale of the turbulent dissipation is examined by numerical simulation. It is found that the simulated cloud fraction is sensitive to the parameter used in the statistical cloud scheme and the timescale of the turbulent dissipation. Based on the analyses, the introduced statistical cloud scheme is modified. By combining the modified statistical cloud scheme with a boundary layer cumulus scheme, a new statistically-based low-level cloud scheme is proposed and tentatively applied in NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) CCM3 (Community Climate Model version3). It is found that the simulation of low-level cloud fraction is markedly improved and the centers with maximum low-level cloud fractions are well simulated in the cold oceans off the western coasts with the statistically-based low-level cloud scheme applied in CCM3. It suggests that the new statistically-based low-level cloud scheme has a great potential in the general circulation model for improving the low-level cloud parameterization.

  20. Metaphors among titles of medical publications: an observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippa Mungra

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we attempted to determine the frequency and types of metaphors in a corpus of titles from a single medical journal collected over one year. The frequency of metaphor tokens (4.6% was highest among editorials and other opinion articles and consisted predominantly of primary metaphors, which require explanation using a visual, cultural or other physical vehicle. When the metaphor was used only in the title and not in the body of the text, as was common in letters to the editor or in editorials, the metaphor may constitute a para-textual device used for engaging the reader. Other metaphors among research article titles were present not only in the title, but also used repeatedly in the body of the text. Among these research articles, metaphors were frequently used to endow the focus words of the metaphor with a precise and meaningful significance which, when used repeatedly in the text, may constitute a mechanism by which sub-technical language or internal jargon may arise. Being syntactically simple but endowed with a high communicative import, titles as a text type may help improve academic literacy, among beginners.

  1. Ubuntu feminism: Tentative reflections

    OpenAIRE

    Drucilla Cornell; Karin van Marle

    2015-01-01

    The starting-point for the article is to provide a brief background on the Ubuntu Project that Prof. Drucilla Cornell convened in 2003; most notably the interviews conducted in Khayamandi, the support of a sewing collective, and the continued search to launch an Ubuntu Women�s Centre. The article will reflect on some of the philosophical underpinnings of ubuntu, whereafter debates in Western feminism will be revisited. Ubuntu feminism is suggested as a possible response to these types of femi...

  2. Native title contestation in Western Australia's Pilbara region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Cleary

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The rights afforded to Indigenous Australians under the Native Title Act 1993 (NTA are very limited and allow for undue coercion by corporate interests, contrary to the claims of many prominent authors in this field. Unlike the Commonwealth’s first land rights law, Aboriginal Lands Rights (Northern Territory Act 1976 (ALRA , the NTA does not offer a right of veto to Aboriginal parties; instead, they have a right to negotiate with developers, which has in practice meant very little leverage in negotiations for native title parties. And unlike ALRA, developers can deal with any Indigenous corporation, rather than land councils. These two factors have encouraged opportunistic conduct by some developers and led to vexatious litigation designed to break the resistance of native title parties, as demonstrated by the experience of Aboriginal corporations in the iron ore-rich Pilbara region of Western Australia.

  3. Ultramar Refining, Subsidiary of Valero Energy Corporation, Wilmington, California; Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  4. Ultramar Refining, Subsidiary of Valero Energy Corporation, Wilmington, California; Dec. 12, 2008, Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database.

  5. On Movie Title Translation from the Perspective of Reception Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琼

    2014-01-01

    Movie is a popular art which occupies an important position in people’s leisure time. Movie title, as the most direct and accessible tool for audience to know about the movie, is very significant to attract audience into the cinema. Therefore, the translation of movie title cannot be ignored. However, due to the cultural differences in Chinese and English culture, the problem of movie title translation is obvious which needs to be paid attention to the translation and people working in movie industry. Traditional translation theory puts more emphasis on the important and authoritative status of original text and author. But this notion cannot satisfy the needs of movie title translation to the largest extent. Movie is not only a cultural and linguistic product, it also is a special commercial product. The ultimate objective of movie is to allure the audience into the cinema to watch and ap-preciate it in addition to provide the cultural information. Reception aesthetics, as a theory of literary criticism, gives priority to readers’role in literary understanding and interpretation. According to reception aesthetics, the horizon of expectation should be taken into consideration when the translation work begins to be done. Horizon of expectation is composed of the readers’or au-diences’ previous cultural norms, assumptions, and criteria in the source language and culture at a given time. Movie title, as a special text, is also understood and influenced by the audience’s horizon of expectation. Chinese audience, before they decide to watch a movie, are naturally harbor their horizon of expectation about the movie. They will form their judgment and assumptions about the genre, plot, story, background about the movie from the movie title. These kind of horizon of expectation will conse-quently influence their ultimate decision to watch the movie or not. Hence, in doing the movie title translation, the translator is supposed to keep the audience’s horizon of

  6. Le Cosmos d'Alexandre von Humboldt et La Tentation de saint Antoine de Gustave Flaubert : deux œuvres de toute une vie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Orr

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans le septième et dernier tableau de La Tentation de saint Antoine de 1874, la fin célèbre est mise en contexte par une description longue et détaillée qui n’a jamais attiré l’attention critique qu’elle mérite. Cet article analyse l’importance de ce panorama du monde naturel sous la forme d’une exploration intertextuelle des passages du Cosmos d’Alexandre de Humboldt. Que Flaubert signale ses lectures de l’œuvre de Humboldt dans sa Correspondance de 1860 suggère des liens très riches entre Le Cosmos – que Humboldt désigne comme « l’œuvre de ma vie » – et la Tentation de saint Antoine définitive que Flaubert retravaillait au même moment. Cette relecture de La Tentation à travers la perspective de Humboldt souligne la place importante du Cosmos parmi les découvertes et les textes scientifiques contemporains de Flaubert, et la manière dont ceux-ci informent la vision de la vie scientifique et religieuse de son protagoniste, Antoine.In the seventh and final tableau of the Tentation de Saint Antoine of 1874, the famous finale is set in the context of a long, detailed description which has not attracted the critical attention it deserves. This article focuses on the importance of this panorama of the natural world as an intertextual exploration of passages from Kosmos by Alexander von Humboldt. The fact that Flaubert’s Correspondance of 1860 mentions his reading of Humboldt’s works suggests rich lines of investigation between Kosmos – which Humboldt calls the « work of all of life » and the final Tentation de Saint Antoine,which Flaubert was reworking at the same moment. This re-reading of the Tentation through the optic of Humboldt underscores the pivotal position of Kosmos amid the scientific discoveries and texts contemporary to Flaubert, and how these inform the vision of life of his protagonist, Antoine, as scientific and religious.

  7. The trend toward more attractive and informative titles: American Psychologist 1946-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whissell, Cynthia

    2012-04-01

    Titles of journal articles serve to attract attention and inform potential readers. All titles from 65 volumes of American Psychologist (1946-2010, N = 12,313 titles) were studied in terms of their emotionality, style, and contents. Several trends noted for titles in different kinds of journals from psychology and other disciplines were present in American Psychologist (increasing title length, increasing use of punctuation marks, increasing employment of words with pleasant and arousing connotations, variations in the frequency of different content words). Longer titles allow authors to specify more information, and emotionally upbeat titles are more likely to attract reader attention. In an unexpected quadratic trend, titles became more abstract and the number of titles increased until about 1985, after which the trend was reversed and titles became more concrete as their numbers decreased. Predictors of this trend include societal variables and the journal's editorial policies.

  8. A Proposed Method for Eliminating Titles from Periodical Subscription Lists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadus, Robert N.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses general findings reported in the literature of use and citation studies on the use of citation counts as found in "Journal Citation Reports" for identification of periodical titles for cancellation in a university library. Principal reasons for retention of little-cited journals are noted. Twenty-one references are cited. (EJS)

  9. Talking Typewriter. Title I Evaluation, 1972-1973.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logan, Juanita

    The Talking Typewriter Program has been operative in the Cleveland Public Schools as a strategy to improve the reading skills of identified fourth grade pupils in 12 Title I schools. A responsive and autotelic environment augmented by selected materials, special teaching techniques, the expertise of trained staff, and individualized tutoring…

  10. Intercultural Awareness in Rural Title 1 Elementary School Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leventhal, Mary Wilson

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine cultural dissonance between teachers and students with its implications for student achievement in a rural Title 1 elementary school. Most U.S. teachers share a White, monolingual, middle-class, female teaching culture that is a mismatch with their increasingly multicultural student population. That problem…

  11. Leadership Styles of Principals in Successful Title I Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzales, Cameron

    2016-01-01

    The problem addressed in the dissertation is the relationship between high poverty and low academic achievement that persists in spite of efforts to change it. In one Western state, a small proportion of the schools that are eligible for Title I funds, a measure of poverty, have achieved recognition for high student achievement. The recognition,…

  12. A Comprehensive Child Development Program; Title XX, Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whatley, Juanita T.

    This booklet describes the Comprehensive Child Day Care Program for the Atlanta Public School System, a Title XX Program. This program provided day care services for children of clients in various categories. The program goals for 1975-76 were geared toward providing comprehensive day care to encompass social services to the family and…

  13. 40 CFR 35.6330 - Title to federally owned property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Title to federally owned property. 35.6330 Section 35.6330 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Cooperative Agreements and Superfund State Contracts for Superfund Response Actions Personal...

  14. A Model Program for Statewide Title IX Capacity Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berard, Barbara K.; Huppertz, Nancy

    This manual is intended to increase awareness of Title IX and related equity issues at the local school district level by providing materials and resources to specialists in school districts. The manual: (1) describes a model traveling equity resource display; and (2) provides instructions, agendas, and participant materials for a two-day training…

  15. Secondary Athletic Administrators' Perceptions of Title IX Policy Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahl, Gabriel Grawe

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate North Dakota's Normal Competitive Region (NDNCR) high school athletic administrators' perceptions of 2010 Title IX policy changes respective to their athletic programs. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected to investigate the perceptions. Quantitatively, perception data were gathered from a…

  16. 44 CFR 208.46 - Title to equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE RESPONSE SYSTEM Response Cooperative... provided under a DHS Response Cooperative Agreement vests in the Sponsoring Agency, provided that DHS reserves the right to transfer title to the Federal Government or a third party that DHS may name, under...

  17. Editor's Shelf: International Juvenile Titles and Publisher Directory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell-Powell, Brenda, Ed.

    1993-01-01

    Showcases international juvenile titles that present international perspectives for educators, librarians, and parents seeking materials with alternative cultural content and context. The 21 books listed are renditions of folktales and traditional stories. A directory of publishers and distributors is included. (SLD)

  18. Retrieval Efficiency from Titles and the Cost of Indexing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tell, Bjorn V.

    1971-01-01

    Three experiments were made by a flexible machine search system to test the retrieval efficiency of searching free text and keywords. Results based upon relevance judgements of users indicate that titles and abstracts are good index material which can be used for machine searching without human indexing. (Author/SJ)

  19. CSU Standard for the CLSI Expanded Title Record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Karen; And Others

    The revised system specifications described in this document were adopted by the 19 California State University and College (CSUC) libraries for a second test version of the CLSI "Expanded Title Record" public access online catalog at California State University at Chico. Should this pilot demonstration of the data format prove…

  20. CSUC Standard for the CLSI Expanded Title Record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Barbara; And Others

    The system specifications described have been adopted by the 19 California State University and Colleges Libraries for use with the CL Systems "Expanded Title Record" format. It is anticipated that these specifications will be tested at California State University, Chico, beginning midyear 1981. Should this pilot demonstration prove…

  1. On the Title of Moriarty's 'Dynamics of an Asteroid'

    CERN Document Server

    Jenkins, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    We propose an explanation of the title of Prof. James Moriarty's treatise_Dynamics of an Asteroid_, a scientific work mentioned by Sherlock Holmes in_The Valley of Fear_ and prominently featured in Guy Ritchie's 2011 film_Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows_. Our views on the subject differ from those expressed in Isaac Asimov's "The Ultimate Crime".

  2. Journal Coverage by the Major Chemical Title and Abstract Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiehlmann, Eberhard

    1972-01-01

    The journal coverage provided by Chemical Titles,'' Current Contents,'' Science Citation Index,'' Chemischer Informationsdienst,'' and Index Chemicus'' is discussed and compared with the CASSI list of the thousand primary journals most frequently cited by Chemical Abstracts.'' (10 references) (Author/NH)

  3. Executive Summaries of 1981-82 Program Evaluations: RISE, Title I, Title VI Magnet Schools, Title VI Follow-the-Child, Title VI Basic Grant, North Division School Effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Gary D., Comp.

    The Milwaukee Public Schools present executive summaries of 1981-82 evaluations for six programs including: (1) Project RISE designed to improve the quality of education in 18 of the lowest achieving schools in the district; (2) the Title I program focused at the elementary level with concentration on the improvement of readiness, reading, and…

  4. SSFA President Sia Yong Receives Title of Friendship Ambassador

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    A ceremony was held on May 19 by the CPAFFC to confer upon Sia Yong, presi-dent of the Singa Sino Friendship Association(SSFA), the title of Friendship Ambassador in recognition of the contributions he has made to strengthening and developing the relations of

  5. CSUC Standard for the CLSI Expanded Title Record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Barbara; And Others

    The system specifications described have been adopted by the 19 California State University and Colleges Libraries for use with the CL Systems "Expanded Title Record" format. It is anticipated that these specifications will be tested at California State University, Chico, beginning midyear 1981. Should this pilot demonstration prove…

  6. CSU Standard for the CLSI Expanded Title Record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Karen; And Others

    The revised system specifications described in this document were adopted by the 19 California State University and College (CSUC) libraries for a second test version of the CLSI "Expanded Title Record" public access online catalog at California State University at Chico. Should this pilot demonstration of the data format prove…

  7. Gender Equity in Intercollegiate Athletics: Determinants of Title IX Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Deborah J.; Cheslock, John Jesse; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.

    2006-01-01

    Using new data on intercollegiate athletes, this article shows that recent improvement in Title IX compliance among NCAA Division I institutions was previously overestimated, and provides the first estimates of compliance in Divisions II and III. In addition, regression analyses investigate how institutional characteristics relate to the extent of…

  8. LJ Best of 2009 Business Books: 32 Titles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cords, Sarah Statz

    2010-01-01

    It should come as no surprise that a large share of this year's business books focus squarely on the 2008-09 financial crisis and security-backed mortgage implosion. Investing books followed the trend as either alarmist titles advocating selling stocks, or books urging readers to take advantage of this time to buy undervalued investments. An…

  9. Subjective Criteria in Employment Decisions Under Title VII

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stacy, Donald R.

    1976-01-01

    Since higher echelon jobs have been drawn into litigation under Title VII, subjective criteria have been employed. The legal ramifications of assessing noncognitive traits such as leadership, aggressiveness, and attitude are discussed. Available from: the University of Georgia School of Law, Athens, Georgia 30602. (LBH)

  10. 38 CFR 36.4253 - Title and lien requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., Loan Guaranty Service, (i) that such type of leasehold is customary in the area where the property is...) Encroachments; (2) Easements; (3) Servitudes; (4) Reservations for water, timber, or subsurface rights; (5) Right in any grantor or cotenant in the chain of title, or a successor of either, to purchase for cash...

  11. If you're going to be a leader, at least act like it! Prejudice towards women who are tentative in leader roles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bongiorno, Renata; Bain, Paul G; David, Barbara

    2014-06-01

    Role congruity theory predicts prejudice towards women who meet the agentic requirements of the leader role. In line with recent findings indicating greater acceptance of agentic behaviour from women, we find evidence for a more subtle form of prejudice towards women who fail to display agency in leader roles. Using a classic methodology, the agency of male and female leaders was manipulated using assertive or tentative speech, presented through written (Study 1, N = 167) or verbal (Study 2, N = 66) communications. Consistent with predictions, assertive women were as likeable and influential as assertive men, while being tentative in leadership reduced the likeability and influence of women, but not of men. Although approval of agentic behaviour from women in leadership reflects progress, evidence that women are quickly singled out for disapproval if they fail to show agency is important for understanding how they continue to be at a distinct disadvantage to men in leader roles.

  12. A Tentative Model for the Documentation and Monitoring of Historic Streets by Mobile Digital Application - A Case Study of Kunming Nanqiang Street

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, J.; Wu, Q. L.; Zhang, J.

    2015-09-01

    Conservation planning for historic streets, where heritage preservation and the modernization of life converge, has been playing a fundamental role. As technology is increasingly changing every aspect of our contemporary life, conservation is also blessed with new opportunities, and how to enhance the effectiveness of the plans by means of emerging technological measures is a new question. Starting from the conservation of Kunming Nanqiang Historic Street, a tentative model for an integrated mobile application is proposed based considerations of the user demands from conservation planner, property manager, tenant and visitor. Tentative applications include heritage interpretation and presentation, enhanced visitor experience, and management system, which are to build up an innovative chain of "heritage research - management planning - digital support" for the purpose of community revitalization.

  13. Individual uncertainty and the uncertainty of science: The impact of perceived conflict and general self-efficacy on the perception of tentativeness and credibility of scientific information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny eFlemming

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We examined in two empirical studies how situational and personal aspects of uncertainty influence laypeople’s understanding of the uncertainty of scientific information, with focus on the detection of tentativeness and perception of scientific credibility. In the first study (N = 48, we investigated the impact of a perceived conflict due to contradicting information as a situational, text-inherent aspect of uncertainty. The aim of the second study (N = 61 was to explore the role of general self-efficacy as an intra-personal uncertainty factor. In Study 1, participants read one of two versions of an introductory text in a between-group design. This text provided them with an overview about the neurosurgical procedure of deep brain stimulation (DBS. The text expressed a positive attitude toward DBS in one experimental condition or focused on the negative aspects of this method in the other condition. Then participants in both conditions read the same text that dealt with a study about DBS as experimental treatment in a small sample of patients with major depression. Perceived conflict between the two texts was found to increase the perception of tentativeness and to decrease the perception of scientific credibility, implicating that text-inherent aspects have significant effects on critical appraisal. The results of Study 2 demonstrated that participants with higher general self-efficacy detected the tentativeness to a lesser degree and assumed a higher level of scientific credibility, indicating a more naïve understanding of scientific information. This appears to be contradictory to large parts of previous findings that showed positive effects of high self-efficacy on learning. Both studies showed that perceived tentativeness and perceived scientific credibility of medical information contradicted each other. We conclude that there is a need for supporting laypeople in understanding the uncertainty of scientific information and that

  14. Individual Uncertainty and the Uncertainty of Science: The Impact of Perceived Conflict and General Self-Efficacy on the Perception of Tentativeness and Credibility of Scientific Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flemming, Danny; Feinkohl, Insa; Cress, Ulrike; Kimmerle, Joachim

    2015-01-01

    We examined in two empirical studies how situational and personal aspects of uncertainty influence laypeople's understanding of the uncertainty of scientific information, with focus on the detection of tentativeness and perception of scientific credibility. In the first study (N = 48), we investigated the impact of a perceived conflict due to contradicting information as a situational, text-inherent aspect of uncertainty. The aim of the second study (N = 61) was to explore the role of general self-efficacy as an intra-personal uncertainty factor. In Study 1, participants read one of two versions of an introductory text in a between-group design. This text provided them with an overview about the neurosurgical procedure of deep brain stimulation (DBS). The text expressed a positive attitude toward DBS in one experimental condition or focused on the negative aspects of this method in the other condition. Then participants in both conditions read the same text that dealt with a study about DBS as experimental treatment in a small sample of patients with major depression. Perceived conflict between the two texts was found to increase the perception of tentativeness and to decrease the perception of scientific credibility, implicating that text-inherent aspects have significant effects on critical appraisal. The results of Study 2 demonstrated that participants with higher general self-efficacy detected the tentativeness to a lesser degree and assumed a higher level of scientific credibility, indicating a more naïve understanding of scientific information. This appears to be contradictory to large parts of previous findings that showed positive effects of high self-efficacy on learning. Both studies showed that perceived tentativeness and perceived scientific credibility of medical information contradicted each other. We conclude that there is a need for supporting laypeople in understanding the uncertainty of scientific information and that scientific writers should

  15. Eleven Years of Data on the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Medical Student Version (JSE-S): Proxy Norm Data and Tentative Cutoff Scores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hojat, Mohammadreza; Gonnella, Joseph S

    2015-01-01

    This study was designed to provide typical descriptive statistics, score distributions and percentile ranks of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Medical Student version (JSE-S) of male and female medical school matriculants to serve as proxy norm data and tentative cutoff scores. The participants were 2,637 students (1,336 women and 1,301 men) who matriculated at Sidney Kimmel (formerly Jefferson) Medical College between 2002 and 2012, and completed the JSE at the beginning of medical school. Information extracted from descriptive statistics, score distributions and percentile ranks for male and female matriculants were used to develop proxy norm data and tentative cutoff scores. The score distributions of the JSE tended to be moderately skewed and platykurtic. Women obtained a significantly higher mean score (116.2 ± 9.7) than men (112.3 ± 10.8) on the JSE-S (t2,635 = 9.9, p < 0.01). It was suggested that percentile ranks can be used as proxy norm data. The tentative cutoff score to identify low scorers was ≤ 95 for men and ≤ 100 for women. Our findings provide norm data and cutoff scores for admission decisions under certain conditions and for identifying students in need of enhancing their empathy. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. Adjusted Poverty Measures and the Distribution of Title I Aid: Does Title I Really Make the Rich States Richer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Bruce D.; Taylor, Lori; Levin, Jesse; Chambers, Jay; Blankenship, Charles

    2013-01-01

    Federal and state governments in the United States make extensive use of student poverty rates in compensatory aid programs like Title I. Unfortunately, the measures of student poverty that drive funding allocations under such programs are biased because they fail to reflect geographic differences in the cost of living. In this study, we construct…

  17. Tentative revision of the global Pliocene-Pleistocene sequences based on the sequence stratigraphy in the Gulf of Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wornardt, W.W. Jr. (Micro-Strat, Inc., Houston, TX (United States) Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)); Vail, P.R. (Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01

    The Pliocene-Pleistocene sequence chronostratigraphy presented in this paper is based on a vast amount of data obtained from more than 100 wells drilled over the past eight years in the south additions and deep-water areas in offshore Texas and Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico. This high-resolution biostratigraphic data base consists of individual checklist with the abundance, diversity, occurrences, and ranges of planktonic and benthic foraminifers and calcareous nannofossils plotted against depth. The benthic foraminifers have been interpreted largely for their paleobathymetric significance and result in a water-depth curve for each well studied. These wells have been further calibrated by having a portion of the study wells tied to sequence stratigraphic interpretations of seismic record sections through a two-way-time log or synthetic seismogram. The Pliocene and Pleistocene is tentatively divided into 14 fourth-order sequences from 3.0 to 0 Ma and three third-order cycles from 5.5 to 3.0 Ma. Each of the cycles is bounded by a sequence boundary and has an age-dateable maximum flooding surface. Depending on location, each sequence may have lowstand, transgressive, and highstand systems tracts within the basin. The age (Ma) of the sequence boundaries are third-order, 5.5, 4.2, 3.8, fourth-order, 3.0, 2.6, 2.4, 1.86, 1.4., 1.0, 0.82, 0.72, 0.62, 0.52, 0.42., 0.32, 0.22, 0.12, and 0.02. Within these sequence boundaries are the 5.0, 4.0, 3.4, 2.7, 2.45, 2.0, 1.47, 1.3, 0.92, 0.76, 0.66, 0.56, 0.46, 0.36, 0.26, 0.16, and 0.06 Ma maximum flooding surfaces, respectively. All of the condensed sections associated with the maximum flooding surfaces, systems tract boundaries, and sequences boundaries in the Pliocene-Pleistocene can be recognized and traced on well logs and seismic record sections in the offshore Texas and Louisiana areas.

  18. SSFA President Sia Yong Receives Title of Friendship Ambassador

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>A ceremony was held on May 19 by the CPAFFC to confer upon Sia Yong, president of the Singa Sino Friendship Association (SSFA), the title of Friendship Ambassador in recognition of the contributions he has made to strengthening and developing the relations of friendship and cooperation between China and Singapore. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu, Vice President Li Xiaolin were present at the ceremony. President Chen presented the certificate and medal of Friendship Ambassador to Sia Yong.

  19. Solid Waste Operations Complex W-113, Detail Design Report (Title II). Volume 1: Title II design report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The Solid Waste Retrieval Facility--Phase 1 (Project W113) will provide the infrastructure and the facility required to retrieve from Trench 04, Burial ground 4C, contact handled (CH) drums and boxes at a rate that supports all retrieved TRU waste batching, treatment, storage, and disposal plans. This includes (1) operations related equipment and facilities, viz., a weather enclosure for the trench, retrieval equipment, weighing, venting, obtaining gas samples, overpacking, NDE, NDA, shipment of waste and (2) operations support related facilities, viz., a general office building, a retrieval staff change facility, and infrastructure upgrades such as supply and routing of water, sewer, electrical power, fire protection, roads, and telecommunication. Title I design for the operations related equipment and facilities was performed by Raytheon/BNFL, and that for the operations support related facilities including infrastructure upgrade was performed by KEH. These two scopes were combined into an integrated W113 Title II scope that was performed by Raytheon/BNFL. Volume 1 provides a comprehensive narrative description of the proposed facility and systems, the basis for each of the systems design, and the engineering assessments that were performed to support the technical basis of the Title II design. The intent of the system description presented is to provide WHC an understanding of the facilities and equipment provided and the A/E`s perspective on how these systems will operate.

  20. Relative Effectiveness of Titles, Abstracts, and Subject Headings for Machine Retrieval from the COMPENDEX Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Jerry R.

    1975-01-01

    Investigated the relative merits of searching on titles, subject headings, abstracts, free-language terms, and combinations of these elements. The combination of titles and abstracts came the closest to 100 percent retrieval. (Author/PF)

  1. Articles with short titles describing the results are cited more often

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Paiva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate some features of article titles from open access journals and to assess the possible impact of these titles on predicting the number of article views and citations. METHODS: Research articles (n = 423, published in October 2008 from all Public Library of Science (PLoS journals and from 12 Biomed Central (BMC journals were evaluated. Publication metrics (views and citations were analyzed in December 2011. The titles were classified according to their contents, namely methods-describing titles and results-describing titles. The number of title characters, title typology, the use of a question mark, reference to a specific geographical region, and the use of a colon or a hyphen separating different ideas within a sentence were analyzed to identify predictors of views and citations. A logistic regression model was used to identify independent title characteristics that could predict citation rates. RESULTS: Short-titled articles had higher viewing and citation rates than those with longer titles. Titles containing a question mark, containing a reference to a specific geographical region, and that used a colon or a hyphen were associated with a lower number of citations. Articles with results-describing titles were cited more often than those with methods-describing titles. After multivariate analysis, only a low number of characters and title typology remained as predictors of the number of citations. CONCLUSIONS: Some features of article titles can help predict the number of article views and citation counts. Short titles presenting results or conclusions were independently associated with higher citation counts. The findings presented here could be used by authors, reviewers, and editors to maximize the impact of articles in the scientific community.

  2. 75 FR 33421 - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Quality Control Provisions of Title IV of Public Law...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    ... Program: Quality Control Provisions of Title IV of Public Law 107-171; Final Rule #0;#0;Federal Register... Assistance Program: Quality Control Provisions of Title IV of Public Law 107-171 AGENCY: Food and Nutrition... ``Food Stamp Program: Non-Discretionary Quality Control Provisions of Title IV of Public Law...

  3. A Study of HTML Title Tag Creation Behavior of Academic Web Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noruzi, Alireza

    2007-01-01

    The HTML title tag information should identify and describe exactly what a Web page contains. This paper analyzes the "Title element" and raises a significant question: "Why is the title tag important?" Search engines base search results and page rankings on certain criteria. Among the most important criteria is the presence of the search keywords…

  4. Comparing Unique Title Coverage of Web of Science and Scopus in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Philip; Lascar, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    The current journal titles in earth and atmospheric sciences, that are unique to each of two databases, Web of Science and Scopus, were identified using different methods. Comparing by subject category shows that Scopus has hundreds of unique titles, and Web of Science just 16. The titles unique to each database have low SCImago Journal Rank…

  5. Are shorter article titles more attractive for citations? Cross-sectional study of 22 scientific journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibzadeh, Farrokh; Yadollahie, Mahboobeh

    2010-04-01

    To investigate the correlation between the length of the title of a scientific article and the number of citations it receives, in view of the common editorial call for shorter titles. Title and the number of citations to all articles published in 2005 in 22 arbitrarily chosen English-language journals (n=9031) were retrieved from citation database Scopus. The 2008 journal impact factors of these 22 journals were also retrieved from Thomson Reuters' Journal Citation Report (JCR). Assuming the article title length as the independent variable, and the number of citations to the article as the dependent variable, a linear regression model was applied. The slope of the regression line for some journals (n=6, when titles were measured in characters but 7 when titles were measured in words) was negative - none was significantly different from 0. The overall slope for all journals was 0.140 (when titles were measured in characters) and 0.778 (when titles were measured in words), which is significantly different from 0 (Pcitations - Spearman rho=0.266 - when titles were measured in characters, and rho=0.244 when titles were measured in words (Pjournals with impact factor >10 and for 2 out of 14 journals with impact factor citation rates. This association is more pronounced for journals with high impact factors. Editors who insist on brief and concise titles should perhaps update the guidelines for authors of their journals and have more flexibility regarding the length of the title.

  6. Comparing Unique Title Coverage of Web of Science and Scopus in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Philip; Lascar, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    The current journal titles in earth and atmospheric sciences, that are unique to each of two databases, Web of Science and Scopus, were identified using different methods. Comparing by subject category shows that Scopus has hundreds of unique titles, and Web of Science just 16. The titles unique to each database have low SCImago Journal Rank…

  7. The effect of English job titles in job advertisements on Dutch respondents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meurs, F. van; Korzilius, H.P.L.M.; Planken, B.C.; Fairley, S.

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on a study that tested the effect on Dutch respondents of using English in job titles. One half of the respondents evaluated five English job titles, and the other half evaluated the equivalent Dutch job titles. The results of the experiment support claims about the effect of Engl

  8. 75 FR 70254 - PSD and Title V Permitting Guidance for Greenhouse Gases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... AGENCY PSD and Title V Permitting Guidance for Greenhouse Gases AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency... the EPA has posted its guidance titled, ``PSD and Title V Permitting Guidance for Greenhouse Gases... for Greenhouse Gases.'' This document has been determined to be an EPA Significant Guidance...

  9. 48 CFR 252.239-7012 - Title to telecommunication facilities and equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Title to telecommunication... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.239-7012 Title to telecommunication facilities and equipment. As prescribed in 239.7411(b), use the following clause: Title to Telecommunication Facilities and...

  10. 77 FR 35879 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ...: Title 41 Positive Law Codification--Further Implementation (DFARS Case 2012- D003) AGENCY: Defense... titles throughout the DFARS to the new Positive Law Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public Contracts.'' DATES: June 15, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Amy G. Williams, telephone...

  11. A Study of HTML Title Tag Creation Behavior of Academic Web Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noruzi, Alireza

    2007-01-01

    The HTML title tag information should identify and describe exactly what a Web page contains. This paper analyzes the "Title element" and raises a significant question: "Why is the title tag important?" Search engines base search results and page rankings on certain criteria. Among the most important criteria is the presence of the search keywords…

  12. Title Attributes of Successful Books in the United States: 1910-1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, William C.

    This study examined titles of successful books, i.e., those that were best sellers or won literary prizes. In all, 3,239 titles in 71 lists by decade were characterized. The single largest category was popular general fiction followed by general nonfiction. About 49% of the titles won or were nominated for awards, and 45% were best sellers. Most…

  13. On the Translation of Chinese Film Title From the Functional Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高红梅

    2010-01-01

    This thesis aims to analyze the translation of Chinese film titles from the functional perspective in the hope of elaborating the application area of Skopostheorie and finding a guiding theory for film title translation from Chinese to English,and Trying to work descriptively to discover the Principles underlying Chinese film title translation,which is a purposefulsctivity.

  14. 人口优化理论初探%A Tentative Study on the Theory of Population Optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆光宗

    2012-01-01

    The year 2012 marks the 130th anniversary of Prof. Ma Yinchu' s birthday. A reflection on the population control theory is of great significance. In his New Theory on Population, Ma Yinchu held that the mother having two children should be awarded, and he opposed induced abortion because the human foetus had the right to survive. Those viewpoints are still important so far. However, due to the realization of modern population transition, China has entered into the new stage of post-Ma Yinchu era in the demographic sense. The population issue that China is faced with today is entirely different from that in Ma Yinchu era. The population control theory argues that the large number of births is a burden, of which the theoretical foundation is the concept of per capita. The statement that new-born babies form a burden is against the theory of whole life cycle, and is also an incomplete explanation of the effects of population growth. The population control theory was the outcome of knowledge process in a special historical period, which was related to China' s two major specific conditions, that is, planned economic mechanism and rapid population growth. Although the population control theory has made its historical contributions, it has its obvious limitations and shortcomings under the new historical circumstances. The author proposes a tentative idea of the population optimization theory with Chinese characteristics, pursuing the sustainable, balanced and active development of population. Besides, the author defines population optimization, puts forwards a new explanatory framework for human capital, and provides routing selections for the realization of population optimization, including policy - making optimization, cohort optimization, intergenerational optimization, genetic optimization, environmental optimization, and ecological optimization%在马寅初先生诞辰130周年之际,重新审视人口控制理论具有特别的意义。马寅初在《新人口

  15. Tentative Characterization of Polyphenolic Compounds in the Male Flowers of Phoenix dactylifera by Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Mass Spectrometry and DFT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Said, Ridha; Arafa I., Hamed; Usam A., Mahalel; Abdullah Sulaiman, Al-Ayed; Kowalczyk, Mariusz; Moldoch, Jaroslaw; Oleszek, Wieslaw; Stochmal, Anna

    2017-01-01

    Phoenix dacylifera is an ancient palm species rich in (poly)phenols. These phenolic compounds were tentatively identified by using liquid chromatography coupled with ion spray mass spectrometry in tandem mode (LC/MS/MS) with negative ion detection. Negative identification of the compounds was based on their retention times and mass spectra in full scan mode (MS), and in different MS/MS modes. For the first time, complete hypothesis, and routs for both p-coumaroylshikimic acids (CoSA) and caffeoylshikimic acids (CSA) were suggested and confirmed by Density Fonctional Theory (DFT) study. Notably, of the 53 compounds characterized, 19 hydroxycinnamates derivatives were tentativelycharacterized in male flowers of date palm and 15 of them were recorded for the first time. In addition, five organic acids, six B-type proanthocyanidins, two anthocyanidin and 21 flavonoid derivatives have been tentatively characterized. Identification of B-type proanthocyanidins were based on the diagnostic ions resulting from heterocyclic ring fission (HRF) and retro-Diels-Alder (RDA) reaction of flavan-3-ol provided information on the hydroxylation pattern and the type of inter-flavan bond proanthocyanidins. The sequence of proanthocyanidins was detected through ions extracted from quinone methide (QM) cleavage of the inter-flavan bond. PMID:28257091

  16. Tentative Characterization of Polyphenolic Compounds in the Male Flowers of Phoenix dactylifera by Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Mass Spectrometry and DFT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridha Ben Said

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Phoenix dacylifera is an ancient palm species rich in (polyphenols. These phenolic compounds were tentatively identified by using liquid chromatography coupled with ion spray mass spectrometry in tandem mode (LC/MS/MS with negative ion detection. Negative identification of the compounds was based on their retention times and mass spectra in full scan mode (MS, and in different MS/MS modes. For the first time, complete hypothesis, and routs for both p-coumaroylshikimic acids (CoSA and caffeoylshikimic acids (CSA were suggested and confirmed by Density Fonctional Theory (DFT study. Notably, of the 53 compounds characterized, 19 hydroxycinnamates derivatives were tentativelycharacterized in male flowers of date palm and 15 of them were recorded for the first time. In addition, five organic acids, six B-type proanthocyanidins, two anthocyanidin and 21 flavonoid derivatives have been tentatively characterized. Identification of B-type proanthocyanidins were based on the diagnostic ions resulting from heterocyclic ring fission (HRF and retro-Diels-Alder (RDA reaction of flavan-3-ol provided information on the hydroxylation pattern and the type of inter-flavan bond proanthocyanidins. The sequence of proanthocyanidins was detected through ions extracted from quinone methide (QM cleavage of the inter-flavan bond.

  17. New molecules in IRC+10216: confirmation of C$_5$S and tentative identification of MgCCH, NCCP, and SiH$_3$CN

    CERN Document Server

    Agúndez, Marcelino; Guélin, Michel

    2014-01-01

    The C-star envelope IRC+10216 harbors a rich variety of molecules, with more than 80 detected to date. During the course of a $\\lambda$ 3 mm survey of IRC+10216 carried out with the IRAM 30-m telescope we have detected various weak lines, with antenna temperatures of a few mK, that we assign to rotational transitions of four new molecules. The observation of three lines of C$_5$S confirms a previous tentative identification of this molecule by Bell et al. (1993) based on a line at 24.0 GHz. We also report the tentative identification of three molecules not yet observed in space: MgCCH, the first metal acetylide detected in space, and NCCP and SiH$_3$CN, the phosphorus and silicon analogs of cyanogen (NCCN) and methyl cyanide (CH$_3$CN). We derive the following column densities: $N$(C$_5$S) = (2-14) $\\times$ 10$^{12}$ cm$^{-2}$ (depending on the rotational temperature adopted), $N$(MgCCH) = 2 $\\times$ 10$^{12}$ cm$^{-2}$, $N$(NCCP) = 7 $\\times$ 10$^{11}$ cm$^{-2}$, and $N$(SiH$_3$CN) = 10$^{12}$ cm$^{-2}$. The...

  18. Tentative Characterization of Polyphenolic Compounds in the Male Flowers of Phoenix dactylifera by Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Mass Spectrometry and DFT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Said, Ridha; Hamed, Arafa I; Mahalel, Usam A; Al-Ayed, Abdullah Sulaiman; Kowalczyk, Mariusz; Moldoch, Jaroslaw; Oleszek, Wieslaw; Stochmal, Anna

    2017-03-02

    Phoenix dacylifera is an ancient palm species rich in (poly)phenols. These phenolic compounds were tentatively identified by using liquid chromatography coupled with ion spray mass spectrometry in tandem mode (LC/MS/MS) with negative ion detection. Negative identification of the compounds was based on their retention times and mass spectra in full scan mode (MS), and in different MS/MS modes. For the first time, complete hypothesis, and routs for both p-coumaroylshikimic acids (CoSA) and caffeoylshikimic acids (CSA) were suggested and confirmed by Density Fonctional Theory (DFT) study. Notably, of the 53 compounds characterized, 19 hydroxycinnamates derivatives were tentativelycharacterized in male flowers of date palm and 15 of them were recorded for the first time. In addition, five organic acids, six B-type proanthocyanidins, two anthocyanidin and 21 flavonoid derivatives have been tentatively characterized. Identification of B-type proanthocyanidins were based on the diagnostic ions resulting from heterocyclic ring fission (HRF) and retro-Diels-Alder (RDA) reaction of flavan-3-ol provided information on the hydroxylation pattern and the type of inter-flavan bond proanthocyanidins. The sequence of proanthocyanidins was detected through ions extracted from quinone methide (QM) cleavage of the inter-flavan bond.

  19. Public titles of clinical trials should have ethics review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saenz, Carla; Reveiz, Ludovic; Tisdale, John F

    2015-09-01

    A key aspect to guarantee that research with human subjects is ethical is being overlooked. Ethics review committees invest great effort examining the informed consent documents of research protocols to ensure that potential participants can provide consent validly and are not deluded into thinking that the experimental intervention they may sign up for is already known to be therapeutic. However, these efforts to avoid what is called the "therapeutic misconception" might be in vain if the title with which the studies are being introduced to the potential participants escapes ethics review. Research participants might be deceived by clinical trials entitled "novel therapy" when the point of the trial is precisely to find out whether the intervention at stake is therapeutic or not. Providing potential research participants with such misleading information hampers their ability to make informed decisions. The well-established scrutiny that ethics review committees exercise with regard to consent forms is limited if the registration of clinical trials, for which a public title is chosen, constitutes a process that is independent from the ethics review. In this article, we examine this problem, assess recent measures to integrate clinical trial registration with ethics review processes, and provide specific recommendations to solve the problem and ultimately enhance the accountability, transparency, and ethics of research with human subjects.

  20. Paroles de Soleil Presentation of Words of the Sun. A tentative classification of sundial mottoes according to their intrinsic meaning.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Escuder

    2009-07-01

    νωμων (gnomon meaning the ultimately competent judge. The interpretation of mottoes and other inscriptions on sundials may facilitate the understanding of the notion of the passing of time, its possible conscious and unconscious, individual and collective interpretations, and the relationships that Mankind has established with it. France is privileged to have on its territory some very ancient sundials, consequently an analysis of the available data can reveal how those relations have changed over a period of centuries or even decades. Since 1998, a special committee of the French Society for Astronomy’s Sundial Commission (Paris, France has been analyzing sundials and their mottoes. For the past seven years, the group has worked on a classification system founded on 12 categories based on their intrinsic meaning (for example : religious, philosophical, optimistic mottoes,.... After the analysis of approximately 3,000 mottoes, the system revealed several trends of particular meanings through time, and the results were published under the title Paroles de Soleil – Devises des cadrans solaires de France. This publication is now available to the public. It presents and explains 2,159 mottoes found on French sundials.

  1. A tentative detection of the 183-GHz water vapor line in the martian atmosphere: Constraints upon the H2O abundance and vertical distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Encrenaz, TH.; Lellouch, E.; Cernicharo, J.; Paubert, G.; Gulkis, S.

    1995-01-01

    The 183-GHz water vapor line was tentatively detected on Mars in January 1991, with the IRAM 30-m millimeter antenna, under extremely dry atmospheric conditions. The measurement refers to the whole disk. The spectral line, although marginally detected, can be fit with a constant H2O mixing ratio of 1.0 x 10(exp -5), which corresponds to a water abundance of 1 pr-microns; in any case, an upper limit of 3 pr-microns is inferred. This value is comparable to the very small abundances measured by Clancy (1992) 5 weeks before our observation and seems to imply both seasonal and long-term variations in the martian water cycle.

  2. On the Features and Functions of Film Titles and Relevant Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐璐

    2014-01-01

    Film is an art manifestation which originated from daily life. Besides it is also a mental product conveyed with various kinds of cultural, political, ideological elements. Film title, as the name card to a film, is short in form but rich in meaning, has its own linguistic, cultural, aesthetic and commercial features. Film title translation is a unique field of translation practice but far less explored. In this essay, the author tries to explain the features and functions of film title with cases and provides a scan of film title translation study at home in order to assist translators to find the major difficulties in film title translation and to improve the over-all quality of film title translation in the market.

  3. What's in a title? An assessment of whether randomized controlled trial in a title means that it is one.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koletsi, Despina; Pandis, Nikolaos; Polychronopoulou, Argy; Eliades, Theodore

    2012-06-01

    In this study, we aimed to investigate whether studies published in orthodontic journals and titled as randomized clinical trials are truly randomized clinical trials. A second objective was to explore the association of journal type and other publication characteristics on correct classification. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, European Journal of Orthodontics, Angle Orthodontist, Journal of Orthodontics, Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research, World Journal of Orthodontics, Australian Orthodontic Journal, and Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics were hand searched for clinical trials labeled in the title as randomized from 1979 to July 2011. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, and univariable and multivariable examinations of statistical associations via ordinal logistic regression modeling (proportional odds model). One hundred twelve trials were identified. Of the included trials, 33 (29.5%) were randomized clinical trials, 52 (46.4%) had an unclear status, and 27 (24.1%) were not randomized clinical trials. In the multivariable analysis among the included journal types, year of publication, number of authors, multicenter trial, and involvement of statistician were significant predictors of correctly classifying a study as a randomized clinical trial vs unclear and not a randomized clinical trial. From 112 clinical trials in the orthodontic literature labeled as randomized clinical trials, only 29.5% were identified as randomized clinical trials based on clear descriptions of appropriate random number generation and allocation concealment. The type of journal, involvement of a statistician, multicenter trials, greater numbers of authors, and publication year were associated with correct clinical trial classification. This study indicates the need of clear and accurate reporting of clinical trials and the need for educating investigators on randomized clinical trial methodology. Copyright © 2012 American Association

  4. King Finishing, Order Granting Remanded Issue on Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  5. 2003 Petition Requesting the Administrator Object to the Title V Permit For Dominion Cove Point LNG

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  6. Petition to Object to the GCC Dacotah Portland Cement Title V Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  7. On Translation of Film Titles from the Perspective of Skopos Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程文烨

    2016-01-01

    Recent years, with the impact of globalization on culture, an increasing number of English films were introduced into Chinese film market. It is necessary to translate films to meet the need of Chinese audience. Appropriate translation of film titles may attract the audience and even bring good box office earnings. In this regard, translation of film titles has become an important subject in China's translation circle. This paper mainly discusses translation of English film titles from the perspective of Skopos theory put forward by German translator Hans Vermeer and provides some translation strategies of English film titles and tries to find the appropriate method according to Skopos theory.

  8. Acid Rain-Title V Guidance on Fees and Incorporation by Reference

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Policy and Guidance Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-operating-permit-policy-and-guidance-document-index. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  9. Honeywell Engines, Systems and Services, Phoenix, Arizona, Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  10. Norplant's high cost may prohibit use in Title 10 clinics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-01

    The article discusses the prohibitive cost of Norplant for the Title 10 low-income population served in public family planning clinics in the U.S. It is argued that it's unfair for U.S. users to pay $350 to Wyeth- Ayerst when another pharmaceutical company provides developing countries with Norplant at a cost of $14 - 23. Although the public sector and private foundations funded the development, it was explained that the company needs to recoup the investment in training and education. Medicaid and third party payers such as insurance companies will reimburse for the higher price, but if the public sector price is lowered, then the company would not make a profit and everyone would have argued for the reimbursement at the lower cost. It was suggested that a boycott of American Home Products, Wyeth-Ayerst's parent company, be made. Public family planning providers who are particularly low in funding reflect that their budget of $30,000 would only provide 85 users, and identified in this circumstance by drug abusers and multiple pregnancy women, and the need for teenagers remains unfulfilled. Another remarked that the client population served is 4700 with $54,000 in funding, which is already accounted for. The general trend of comments was that for low income women the cost is to high.

  11. Misleads in the Book Titled Ambassador Morgenthau’s Story

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ata Atun

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Armenian allegations related to the relocation of Armenians during the beginning of First World War, mainly built on the book titled “Ambassador Morgenthau’s Story” written by so-called Mr. Henry Morgenthau Sr. . Actually the book was written by the Pulitzer Prize winner of the era Mr. Burton J. Hendrick. He is the ghost writer of this doubtful book and received a very huge lump sum of money from Mr. Morgenthau for his very professional, devoted and rapacious services. The fact is that Ambassador Morgenthau officiated as an US Ambassador in Istanbul from late 1913 to early 1916 but never travelled eastwards on the overland. His book is totally based on hearings and makeup stories created by the two Armenian US Embassy employees. No information in this book is based on any official document released by any neighboring country to the Ottoman Empire or even the US Senate or Congress. When this book is checked against Mr. Morgenthau's Diary, it can be clearly observed by anybody that it includes made up stories rather than reflecting the true life memories. This paper, based on information excerpted from the non Turkish or non Ottoman formal documents and/or official releases, tries the bring into life what happened actually during this era.

  12. Title II, Part A: Don't Scrap It, Don't Dilute It, Fix It

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coggshall, Jane G.

    2015-01-01

    The Issue: Washington is taking a close look at Title II, Part A (Title IIA) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as Congress debates reauthorization. The program sends roughly $2.5 billion a year to all states and nearly all districts to "(1) increase student academic achievement through strategies such as improving teacher…

  13. A Place on the Team: The Triumph and Tragedy of Title IX

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suggs, Welch

    2006-01-01

    "A Place on the Team" is the inside story of how Title IX revolutionized American sports. The federal law guaranteeing women's rights in education, Title IX opened gymnasiums and playing fields to millions of young women previously locked out. Journalist Welch Suggs chronicles both the law's successes and failures-the exciting…

  14. Title V Incentive Grants for Local Delinquency Prevention Programs. 2008 Report to Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The "2008 Title V Report to Congress" marks a departure from the past. Before 2008, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reported solely on the Community Prevention Grants program in its "Title V Report to Congress." This year, OJJDP is reporting on the four delinquency prevention programs that were…

  15. Should title lengths really adhere to the American Psychological Association's twelve word limit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallock, Robert M; Dillner, Kari M

    2016-04-01

    The publication manual for the American Psychological Association (APA) suggests that title lengths do not exceed 12 words, yet journals do not prevent longer titles. Here, we examined title lengths in APA journals to see how many exceeded the APA's suggested limit. First, we conducted a systematic analysis of 235 articles in the current issues of 23 APA journals. A total of 52% of titles were more than 12 words long. Second, we examined articles from APA journals that were at least 50 years old to examine whether title lengths have changed over time. Our results suggested that the average title lengths have indeed increased with time. One of 2 courses should be taken. Perhaps science is becoming more complex that longer titles are needed in order to convey the primary message to the reader. If this is the case, then the APA's word limit should be increased. On the other hand, however, maybe editor and reviewers should try to enforce the current word limit to force writers to be succinct. Either way, editors should make their preferences clear so that the trend for longer titles does not continue unchecked.

  16. Title VII Funding and Physician Practice in Rural or Low-Income Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krist, Alex H.; Johnson, Robert E.; Callahan, David; Woolf, Steven H.; Marsland, David

    2005-01-01

    Whether Title VII funding enhances physician supply in underserved areas has not clearly been established. The purpose was to determine the relation between Title VII funding in medical school, residency, or both, and the number of family physicians practicing in rural or low-income communities. A retrospective cross sectional analysis was carried…

  17. Comprehension of a Non-Text: The Effect of the Title and Ambiguity Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Alireza

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of the title and ambiguity tolerance on the comprehensibility of a non-text. To this end, ten irrelevant sentences from different texts were put together to make two seemingly cohesive and coherent texts. The two texts were exactly the same except for the fact that one of them carried a title whereas the other…

  18. El Titulo IX y La Discriminacion por Sexo (Title IX and Sex Discrimination).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. This brochure outlines the responsibilities of education programs and activities covered by Title IX, the responsibilities of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in enforcing…

  19. Abbreviated Title of the Artwork in the System of Signs by Ch. Peirce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigoriy Valeryevich Tokarev

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the semiotic aspect of the functioning of the abbreviated title of the postmodern artwork. The authors analyze the relationship of title-sign to the object which it replaces. The title is considered from the perspective of three main features peculiar of the sign in accordance with the Charles S. Peirce's theory. This fact allows us to conclude that, being a sign, the abbreviated title replaces a literary text, which is also expressed in symbolic form of the author's knowledge of reality. In this aspect the title becomes the metasign of its text. It is shown that in this connection, decoding and interpretation process take place in two stages – before reading the text and in the process of its reading and interpretation. It is alleged that the result of the interpretation of the title depends on the reader's competence which is determined by their individual literary scope, as well as by the skills of productive work with the text. On the basis of the classification of signs created by Charles Pierce, it was found that the abbreviated title has a complex semiotic nature combining the features of indexicality, conventionality, and iconicity, the latter of which may be present only in the abbreviated title.

  20. Beliefs and Behaviors of Elementary Principals of Successful Title I Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blount, Margie

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative phenomenological research study used narrative inquiry to investigate the behaviors and beliefs of eight Texas principals in high achieving Title I elementary schools. Participant interviews were analyzed using Creswell (2007) six-step method for analyzing phenomenological studies. Findings suggested that successful Title I…

  1. 77 FR 37415 - Office of Urban Indian Health Programs; Title V HIV/AIDS Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Office of Urban Indian Health Programs; Title V HIV/AIDS Program... applications for the Office of Urban Indian Health Programs Title V HIV/AIDS program. This program is... The Minority AIDS Initiative funding that the grants are awarded from was awarded to the...

  2. 75 FR 23306 - Establishment of Advisory Committee on the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... Information System AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Justice. ACTION: Notice of establishment of the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS) Advisory Board. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS) Final Rule, 74 FR 5740, 5774 (January 30, 2009)...

  3. 76 FR 78874 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... Positive Law Codification--Further Implementation (DFARS Case 2012- D003) AGENCIES: Defense Acquisition... Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement to conform statutory titles to the new Positive Law Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public Contracts.'' DATES: Comment Date: Comments on the...

  4. 20 CFR 211.12 - Compensation credited for title VII benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compensation credited for title VII benefits... RETIREMENT ACT CREDITABLE RAILROAD COMPENSATION § 211.12 Compensation credited for title VII benefits... as compensation only for the month in which the employee first filed an application for benefits...

  5. Not Second-Class: Title IX, Equity, and Girls' High School Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stader, David L.; Surface, Jeanne L.

    2014-01-01

    Title IX is designed to protect students from discrimination based on sex in any educational institution that receives financial assistance. This article focuses on Title IX as it applies to high school athletic programs by considering the trial of a high school district in California. A federal court found considerable inequalities between boys…

  6. "What Do I Think about Title IX?" Voices from a University Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paule-Koba, Amanda L.; Harris, Othello; Freysinger, Valeria J.

    2013-01-01

    Despite the apparent benefits of Title IX, the implementation of the law remains controversial, and there are divergent beliefs regarding its impact on collegiate sport. The purpose of this study was to examine how members of a university community, whose intercollegiate sport programs have changed, perceive and make sense of Title IX and the…

  7. 77 FR 44673 - Meeting of the Department of Justice National Motor Vehicle Title Information System Federal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee to discuss various issues relating to... of Justice Programs Meeting of the Department of Justice National Motor Vehicle Title Information System Federal Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Justice. ACTION: Notice...

  8. The Effectiveness of Title I: Synthesis of National-Level Evidence from 1966 to 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, Sonia; Armor, David

    2016-01-01

    This paper reviews prior research to assess the effectiveness of Title I in closing the achievement gaps of disadvantaged students vis-à-vis their non-disadvantaged counterparts. A research synthesis approach is adopted to summarize national assessments of Title I conducted between 1966 and 2011. These analyses are supplemented by the authors'…

  9. 24 CFR 207.259a - Waiver of title objection; mortgages formerly Commissioner-held.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Waiver of title objection; mortgages formerly Commissioner-held. 207.259a Section 207.259a Housing and Urban Development Regulations... title objection; mortgages formerly Commissioner-held. If the Commissioner sells a mortgage and...

  10. Training Policy in Illinois: A Minimum Training Expenditure Requirement for WIA Title I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmon, Timothy; Rodriguez, Julio

    2009-01-01

    The extent to which funds under the Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) should be expended on training services has been a topic of discussion by Congress, which is considering reauthorization of WIA. This paper describes a policy initiative by Illinois that requires Local Workforce Investment Areas (LWIAs) under Title I of WIA to expend…

  11. Title I conceptual design for Pit 6 landfill closure at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MacDonnell, B.A.; Obenauf, K.S. [Golder Associates, Inc., Alameda, CA (United States)

    1996-08-01

    The objective of this design project is to evaluate and prepare design and construction documents for a closure cover cap for the Pit 6 Landfill located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300. This submittal constitutes the Title I Design (Conceptual Design) for the closure cover of the Pit 6 Landfill. A Title I Design is generally 30 percent of the design effort. Title H Design takes the design to 100 percent complete. Comments and edits to this Title I Design will be addressed in the Title II design submittal. Contents of this report are as follows: project background; design issues and engineering approach; design drawings; calculation packages; construction specifications outline; and construction quality assurance plan outline.

  12. Intracranial pressure monitoring in pediatric and adult patients with hydrocephalus and tentative shunt failure: a single-center experience over 10 years in 146 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sæhle, Terje; Eide, Per Kristian

    2015-05-01

    OBJECT In patients with hydrocephalus and shunts, lasting symptoms such as headache and dizziness may be indicative of shunt failure, which may necessitate shunt revision. In cases of doubt, the authors monitor intracranial pressure (ICP) to determine the presence of over- or underdrainage of CSF to tailor management. In this study, the authors reviewed their experience of ICP monitoring in shunt failure. The aims of the study were to identify the complications and impact of ICP monitoring, as well as to determine the mean ICP and characteristics of the cardiac-induced ICP waves in pediatric versus adult over- and underdrainage. METHODS The study population included all pediatric and adult patients with hydrocephalus and shunts undergoing diagnostic ICP monitoring for tentative shunt failure during the 10-year period from 2002 to 2011. The patients were allocated into 3 groups depending on how they were managed following ICP monitoring: no drainage failure, overdrainage, or underdrainage. While patients with no drainage failure were managed conservatively without further actions, over- or underdrainage cases were managed with shunt revision or shunt valve adjustment. The ICP and ICP wave scores were determined from the continuous ICP waveforms. RESULTS The study population included 71 pediatric and 75 adult patients. There were no major complications related to ICP monitoring, but 1 patient was treated for a postoperative superficial wound infection and another experienced a minor bleed at the tip of the ICP sensor. Following ICP monitoring, shunt revision was performed in 74 (51%) of 146 patients, while valve adjustment was conducted in 17 (12%) and conservative measures without any actions in 55 (38%). Overdrainage was characterized by a higher percentage of episodes with negative mean ICP less than -5 to -10 mm Hg. The ICP wave scores, in particular the mean ICP wave amplitude (MWA), best differentiated underdrainage. Neither mean ICP nor MWA levels showed any

  13. Tentative study of nuclear charge radii for neutron-deficient nuclei around the Z = 82 shell from experimental α decay data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qian, Yibin, E-mail: qyibin@njust.edu.cn [Department of Applied Physics, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China); Department of Physics and Key Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Ren, Zhongzhou [Department of Physics and Key Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy-Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2016-01-15

    We tentatively investigate the root-mean-square (rms) nuclear charge radii of odd-A Po and Pb isotopes plus Tl isotopes, particularly concerning these difficultly-detected nuclei along with short lifetimes, via various data on α decay. Within the density-dependent cluster model, the density distributions of studied daughter nuclei are determined by exactly reproducing the corresponding experimental α decay half-lives, which leads the final results of nuclear charge radii. In addition, our recently proposed formula deducing the charge radii is extended to this study for comparison. Whether it concerns the ground or isomeric state of target nuclei, the extracted nuclear charge radii are found to be in good agreement with the measured values. Sequential predictions on the rms charge radii are subsequently made for these neutron-deficient nuclei and especially for the rarely detected Bi isotopic chain, which are expected to be useful for future measurements. Moreover, the variety of α-preformation factors is analyzed in the scheme of valence nucleon number to pursue the further improvement of the model. This may be considered as an effective effort to obtain the charge radii of ground and even low-lying excited states for exotic nuclei near the proton-dripline.

  14. Dose-Independent ADME Properties and Tentative Identification of Metabolites of α-Mangostin from Garcinia mangostana in Mice by Automated Microsampling and UPLC-MS/MS Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Seung Yon; You, Byoung Hoon; Kim, Yu Chul; Chin, Young-Won; Choi, Young Hee

    2015-01-01

    The information about a marker compound's pharmacokinetics in herbal products including the characteristics of absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) is closely related to the efficacy/toxicity. Also dose range and administration route are critical factors to determine the ADME profiles. Since the supply of a sufficient amount of a marker compound in in vivo study is still difficult, pharmacokinetic investigations which overcome the limit of blood collection in mice are desirable. Thus, we have attempted to investigate concurrently the ADME and proposed metabolite identification of α-mangostin, a major constituent of mangosteen, Garcinia mangostana L, in mice with a wide dose range using an in vitro as well as in vivo automated micro-sampling system together. α-mangostin showed dose-proportional pharmacokinetics at intravenous doses of 5-20 mg/kg and oral doses of 10-100 mg/kg. The gastrointestinal absorption of α-mangostin was poor and the distribution of α-mangostin was relatively high in the liver, intestine, kidney, fat, and lung. α-mangostin was extensively metabolized in the liver and intestine. With regards to the formation of metabolites, the glucuronidated, bis-glucuronidated, dehydrogenated, hydrogenated, oxidized, and methylated α-mangostins were tentatively identified. We suggest that these dose-independent pharmacokinetic characteristics of α-mangostin in mice provide an important basis for preclinical applications of α-mangostin as well as mangosteen. In addition, these experimental methods can be applied to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of natural products in mice.

  15. Plasma exogenous creatinine clearance in clinically healthy cats: comparison with urinary exogenous creatinine clearance, tentative reference intervals and indexation to bodyweight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, B S; Massal, M R; Nguyen, P; Grégoire, L L; Périgaud, A E; Concordet, D; Biourge, V; Lefebvre, H P

    2014-10-01

    Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is considered to be the best indicator of overall kidney function. The major objectives of this study were to compare plasma exogenous creatinine clearance (PECC) with a reference method, to establish reference intervals (RIs) for PECC and to assess the effects of indexation of GFR to bodyweight (BW) in cats. PECC was compared with urinary clearance of exogenous creatinine (UECC) in six clinically healthy domestic shorthair cats (experiment 1). Tentative RIs were determined according to current guidelines and the effects of indexation to BW and of covariables on GFR were assessed in 43 clinically healthy cats of various breeds (experiment 2). PECC was 15% higher than UECC (P cats would not standardize the GFR value, but could introduce bias in clinical interpretation. Significant effects of breed, plasma protein concentration and plasma albumin concentration on GFR were demonstrated. Plasma concentrations of urea and creatinine, when assessed separately, were also weakly correlated with GFR in healthy cats. These combined findings contribute to a better understanding of renal function assessment in cats.

  16. Peculiar Transverse Velocities of Galaxies from Quasar Microlensing. Tentative Estimate of the Peculiar Velocity Dispersion at $z\\sim 0.5$

    CERN Document Server

    Mediavilla, E; Munoz, J A; Battaner, E

    2016-01-01

    We propose to use the flux variability of lensed quasar images induced by gravitational microlensing to measure the transverse peculiar velocity of lens galaxies over a wide range of redshift. Microlensing variability is caused by the motions of the observer, the lens galaxy (including the motion of the stars within the galaxy), and the source; hence, its frequency is directly related to the galaxy's transverse peculiar velocity. The idea is to count time-event rates (e.g., peak or caustic crossing rates) in the observed microlensing light curves of lensed quasars that can be compared with model predictions for different values of the transverse peculiar velocity. To compensate for the large time-scale of microlensing variability we propose to count and model the number of events in an ensemble of gravitational lenses. We develop the methodology to achieve this goal and apply it to an ensemble of 17 lensed quasar systems. In spite of the shortcomings of the available data, we have obtained tentative estimates...

  17. A Cloudiness Index for Transiting Exoplanets Based on the Sodium and Potassium Lines: Tentative Evidence for Hotter Atmospheres Being Less Cloudy at Visible Wavelengths

    CERN Document Server

    Heng, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    We present a dimensionless index that quantifies the degree of cloudiness of the atmosphere of a transiting exoplanet. Our cloudiness index is based on measuring the transit radii associated with the line center and wing of the sodium or potassium line. In deriving this index, we revisited the algebraic formulae for inferring the isothermal pressure scale height from transit measurements. We demonstrate that the formulae of Lecavelier et al. and Benneke & Seager are identical: the former is inferring the temperature while assuming a value for the mean molecular mass and the latter is inferring the mean molecular mass while assuming a value for the temperature. More importantly, these formulae cannot be used to distinguish between cloudy and cloudfree atmospheres. We derive values of our cloudiness index for a small sample of 7 hot Saturns/Jupiters taken from Sing et al. We show that WASP-17b, WASP-31b and HAT-P-1b are nearly cloudfree at visible wavelengths. We find the tentative trend that more irradiate...

  18. 试论英语听力提高的障碍及对策%A tentative study of the obstacles and solutions in listening course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世强

    2001-01-01

    听力理解是英语语言素质的重要组成部分;听力技能直接影响着整个语言交际能力。本文对制约听力水平提高的几个主要障碍进行了论述并提出了一些相应的解决办法。文章强调只有在打牢语言基础,掌握一些社会文化背景知识以及养成良好的听力训练习惯的前提下,才能有效地提高语言听力技能。%Listening comprehension is an indispensable part to one' s comprehensive English proficiency.Listening comprehension actually decides the whole communication activity directly. This article offers a tentative study of the obstacles and solutions concerning promoting listening comprehension, stressing that only after one lays a solid foundation in basic English and develop a good listening habit can he really improve his listening comprehension.

  19. A combined IRAM and Herschel/HIFI study of cyano(di)acetylene in Orion KL: tentative detection of DC3N

    CERN Document Server

    Esplugues, G B; Viti, S; Goicoechea, J R; Tercero, B; Marcelino, N; Palau, Aina; Bell, T A; Bergin, E A; Crockett, N R; Wang, S

    2013-01-01

    We present a study of cyanoacetylene (HC3N) and cyanodiacetylene (HC5N) in Orion KL, through observations from two line surveys performed with the IRAM 30m telescope and the HIFI instrument on board the Herschel telescope. The frequency ranges covered are 80-280 GHz and 480-1906 GHz. We model the observed lines of HC3N, HC5N, their isotopologues (including DC3N), and vibrational modes, using a non-LTE radiative transfer code. To investigate the chemical origin of HC3N and DC3N in Orion KL, we use a time-dependent chemical model. We detect 40 lines of the ground state of HC3N and 68 lines of its 13C isotopologues. We also detect 297 lines of six vibrational modes of this molecule (nu_7, 2nu_7, 3nu_7, nu_6, nu_5, and nu_6+nu_7) and 35 rotational lines of the ground state of HC5N. We report the first tentative detection of DC3N in a giant molecular cloud with a DC3N/HC3N abundance ratio of 0.015. We provide column densities and isotopic and molecular abundances. We also perform a 2x2" map around Orion IRc2 and w...

  20. Collection-based analysis of selected medical libraries in the Philippines using Doody's Core Titles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Efren

    2017-01-01

    This study assessed the book collection of five selected medical libraries in the Philippines, based on Doodys' Essential Purchase List for basic sciences and clinical medicine, to compare the match and non-match titles among libraries, to determine the strong and weak disciplines of each library, and to explore the factors that contributed to the percentage of match and non-match titles. List checking was employed as the method of research. Among the medical libraries, De La Salle Health Sciences Institute and University of Santo Tomas had the highest percentage of match titles, whereas Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health had the lowest percentage of match titles. University of the Philippines Manila had the highest percentage of near-match titles. De La Salle Health Sciences Institute and University of Santo Tomas had sound medical collections based on Doody's Core Titles. Collectively, the medical libraries shared common collection development priorities, as evidenced by similarities in strong areas. Library budget and the role of the library director in book selection were among the factors that could contribute to a high percentage of match titles.

  1. Analytic Geometry, A Tentative Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helwig, G. Alfred; And Others

    This teacher's guide for a semester course in analytic geometry is based on the text "Analytic Geometry" by W. K. Morrill. Included is a daily schedule of suggested topics and homework assignments. Specific teaching hints are also given. The content of the course includes point and plane vectors, straight lines, point and space vectors, planes,…

  2. Plant memory: a tentative model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thellier, M; Lüttge, U

    2013-01-01

    All memory functions have molecular bases, namely in signal reception and transduction, and in storage and recall of information. Thus, at all levels of organisation living organisms have some kind of memory. In plants one may distinguish two types. There are linear pathways from reception of signals and propagation of effectors to a type of memory that may be described by terms such as learning, habituation or priming. There is a storage and recall memory based on a complex network of elements with a high degree of integration and feedback. The most important elements envisaged are calcium waves, epigenetic modifications of DNA and histones, and regulation of timing via a biological clock. Experiments are described that document the occurrence of the two sorts of memory and which show how they can be distinguished. A schematic model of plant memory is derived as emergent from integration of the various modules. Possessing the two forms of memory supports the fitness of plants in response to environmental stimuli and stress.

  3. Relationships between nutrition-related knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior for fifth grade students attending Title I and non-Title I schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Elisha; Chai, Weiwen; Albrecht, Julie A

    2016-01-01

    The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is a widely used theory for nutrition education programming. Better understanding the relationships between knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior among children of various income levels can help to form and improve nutrition programs, particularly for socioeconomically disadvantaged youth. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior among fifth grade students attending Title I (≥40% of students receiving free or reduced school meals) and non-Title I schools (self-efficacy, and behavior scores between groups were assessed using t test and adjusted for variations between participating schools. Regression analysis was used to determine the relationships between knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior. In adjusted models, the Title I group had significantly lower scores on several knowledge items and summary knowledge (P = 0.04). The Title I group had significantly lower scores on several behavior variables including intakes of fruits (P = 0.02), vegetables (P = 0.0005), whole grains (P = 0.0003), and lean protein (P = 0.047), physical activity (P = 0.002) and summary behavior (P = 0.001). However the Title I group scored higher on self-efficacy for meal planning (P = 0.04) and choosing healthy snacks (P = 0.036). Both self-efficacy (β = 0.70, P self-efficacy remained significant in the Title I group (self-efficacy, β = 0.82, P = 0.0003; knowledge, β = 0.11, P = 0.59). Results demonstrate disparities in nutrition knowledge and behavior outcomes between students surveyed from Title I and non-Title I schools, suggesting more resources may be necessary for lower income populations. Findings suggest that future nutrition interventions should focus on facilitating the improvement of children's self-efficacy.

  4. Inclusion of cool roofs in nonresidential Title 24 prescriptive requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Konopacki, Steve; Bretz, Sarah

    2002-12-15

    Roofs that have high solar reflectance (high ability to reflect sunlight) and high thermal emittance (high ability to radiate heat) tend to stay cool in the sun. The same is true of low-emittance roofs with exceptionally high solar reflectance. Substituting a cool roof for a noncool roof tends to decrease cooling electricity use, cooling power demand, and cooling-equipment capacity requirements, while slightly increasing heating energy consumption. Cool roofs can also lower the ambient air temperature in summer, slowing ozone formation and increasing human comfort. DOE-2.1E building energy simulations indicate that use of a cool roofing material on a prototypical California nonresidential building with a low-sloped roof yields average annual cooling energy savings of approximately 300 kWh/1000 ft2 [3.2 kWh/m2], average annual natural gas deficits of 4.9 therm/1000 ft2 [5.6 MJ/m2], average source energy savings of 2.6 MBTU/1000 ft2 [30 MJ/m2], and average peak power demand savings of 0. 19 kW/1000 ft2 [2.1 W/m2]. The 15-year net present value (NPV) of energy savings averages $450/1000 ft2 [$4.90/m2] with time dependent valuation (TDV), and $370/1000 ft2 [$4.00/m2] without TDV. When cost savings from downsizing cooling equipment are included, the average total savings (15-year NPV + equipment savings) rises to $550/1000 ft2 [$5.90/m2] with TDV, and to $470/1000 ft2 [$5.00/m2] without TDV. Total savings range from 0.18 to 0.77 $/ft2 [1.90 to 8.30 $/m2] with TDV, and from 0.16 to 0.66 $/ft2 [1.70 to 7.10 $/m2] without TDV, across California's 16 climate zones. The typical cost premium for a cool roof is 0.00 to 0.20 $/ft2 [0.00 to 2.20 $/m2]. Cool roofs with premiums up to $0.20/ft2 [$2.20/m2] are expected to be cost effective in climate zones 2 through 16; those with premiums not exceeding $0.18/ft2 [$1.90/m2] are expected to be also cost effective in climate zone 1. Hence, this study recommends that the year-2005 California building energy efficiency code (Title

  5. And the Title for Densest Galaxy Goes To…

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2015-07-01

    Two surprisingly small heavy-weights have been discovered around galaxies in the nearby Virgo cluster by a team led by undergrads Michael Sandoval and Richard Vo and their advisor Aaron Romanowsky of San Jose State University. Setting a new record, these two objects now hold the title of the densest galaxy and the densest free-floating stellar system ever observed. Classification Difficulties What is the difference between large star clusters and small galaxies? Once thought to be distinct categories, the decade-old discovery of a new class of object, ultracompact dwarfs (UCDs), blurred the line between them somewhat: UCDs sit awkwardly between the two categories in size, mass and luminosity. So what are UCDs? It's hard to say — in part because their full range of possible parameters has yet to be carefully explored. Sandoval and his team set out to address this problem by combing through archival data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, searching for objects that display properties between those of star clusters and galaxies. Their search yielded two especially interesting objects: one around the galaxy M59, and the other around M85 (see figure 2). Follow-up observations with Subaru Telescope and the Southern Astrophysical Research telescope provided additional imaging and spectroscopic information. Plot of stellar surface mass density vs. mass of known stellar systems. The data include the two new objects (M85-HCC1 and M59-UCD3) as well as globular clusters, UCDs, and compact elliptical galaxies. Credit: Sandoval et al. 2015 Record-Breakers What makes these two discoveries so unusual? Both are remarkably dense compared to similar objects! The first, M59-UCD3, was categorized as an ultracompact dwarf galaxy — but it's significantly more dense than any other galaxy discovered. The night sky in M59-UCD3 would appear to contain roughly a million stars, compared to the few thousand we see overhead here in the Solar neighborhood. M85-HCC1 is another ten times denser

  6. National Evaluation of Title III Implementation: Report on State and Local Implementation. Appendix G: Data Collection Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanenbaum, Courtney; Boyle, Andrea; Soga, Kay; Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Golden, Laura; Petroccia, Megan; Toplitz, Michele; O'Day, Jennifer; Taylor, James

    2012-01-01

    This appendix presents the data collection instruments used for the "National Evaluation of Title III Implementation: Report on State and Local Implementation" study. The purpose of this study is not to monitor Title III implementation, but to describe the implementation of Title III in states and school districts across the country. The…

  7. 41 CFR 300-2.70 - How is the rule expressed in the title and narrative format?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... expressed in the title and narrative format? 300-2.70 Section 300-2.70 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System GENERAL INTRODUCTION 2-HOW TO USE THE FTR Title and Narrative Format § 300-2.70 How is the rule expressed in the title and narrative format? The rule is in...

  8. ESEA Title VII Bilingual/Bicultural Education Program; Programa de Educacion Bilingue/Bicultural 1975-1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milwaukee Public Schools, WI. Dept. of Educational Research and Program Assessment.

    This is the annual evaluation report of the Title VII components of the Milwaukee Bilingual/Bicultural Education Program funded by Title I and Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1967 and the Milwaukee Public Schools. The results of the 1975-76 assessment of pupil progress toward achievement of the program's academic and…

  9. 76 FR 22003 - Delegation of Functions and Authority Under Sections 315 and 325 of Title 32, United States Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... 325 of Title 32, United States Code Memorandum for the Secretary of Defense By the authority vested in... 301 of title 3, United States Code, I hereby delegate to you: (a) the functions and authority of the President contained in section 315 of title 32, United States Code, to permit a commissioned officer of...

  10. 78 FR 37921 - Delegation of Reporting Functions Specified in Section 491 of Title 10, United State Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... Specified in Section 491 of Title 10, United States Code Notice of June 20, 2013--Continuation of the... Reporting Functions Specified in Section 491 of Title 10, United State Code Memorandum for the Secretary of... of America, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to you...

  11. 78 FR 37923 - Delegation of Reporting Functions Specified in Section 491 of Title 10, United State Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... Specified in Section 491 of Title 10, United States Code Notice of June 20, 2013--Continuation of the... Reporting Functions Specified in Section 491 of Title 10, United State Code Memorandum for the Secretary of... of America, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to you...

  12. The emergence of the title Velikii Kniaz’ in Rus’ and the Povest’ Vremennykh let

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raev Mikhail

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the issue of when the title of Velikii Kniaz’ was first used in the light of accumulated textual analyses of the Povest’ Vremennykh Let. Section 2 presents the current state of research. Section 3 outlines the historiographical viewpoints on the Povest’ and how the time of its composition relates to first use of the title. Particular emphasis falls on four Byzantine-Rus’ treaties mentioned in the Povest’. It is argued that the time when first version of the PVL emerged - the 1110s - sets a terminus ante quem on the introduction of the title of Grand Prince in Kievan Rus’. Section 4 investigates two other sources discussed in current research: a letter by Metropolitan Nikephoros to Prince Vladimir Monomakh, and the seal of Prince Mstislav. Section 5 offers two explanations of why the title entered Byzantine usage and of when conditions for it became ripe in Kievan Rus’.

  13. 75 FR 60407 - Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary Permit Application Project Titled: Fine Scale...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... Application Project Titled: Fine Scale, Long-Term Tracking of Adult White Sharks AGENCY: Office of National...://farallones.noaa.gov/eco/sharks/pdf/ea_mcsi_permit2009.pdf . DATES: Comments on this draft...

  14. Translation of the Movie Title from the Perspectives of Reception Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛华

    2010-01-01

    With the increasingly development of the international culture communication and China's entrance to the WTO, more and more cultural production come to Chinese market, such as English movies. A good movie title makes the film more tempting and arouses the strong desire of the audience to watch at once. Therefore, how to give a wonderful and appropriate Chinese title to an English movie is the important factor to attract the audience's attention. This paper will lead the key concepts and methods of reception aesthetics into the translation of the movie title, so as to study how to do best in translating English movie title from the aesthetics perspectives of target lan-guage audience.

  15. 77 FR 54382 - Revisions of Five California Clean Air Act Title V Operating Permits Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ... pollution control, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide equivalents, Greenhouse gases, Hydrofluorocarbons... revisions to the Operating Permits (Title V) programs of the Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution Control District (MBUAPCD), San Luis Obispo County Air Pollution Control District (SLOCAPCD), Santa Barbara...

  16. Application of Bibliographic Coupling versus Cited Titles Words in Patent Fuzzy Clustering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anahita Kermani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Attribute selection is one of the steps before patent clustering. Various attributes can be used for clustering. In this study, the effect of using citation and citation title words, respectively, in form of bibliographic coupling and citation title words sharing, were measured and compared with each other, as patent attributes. This study was done in an experimental method, on a collection of 717 US Patent cited in the patents belong to 977/774 subclass of US Patent Classification. Fuzzy C-means was used for patent clustering and extended BCubed precision and extended BCubed recall were used as evaluation measure. The results showed that the clustering produced by bibliographic coupling had better performance than clustering used citation title words and existence of cluster structure were in a wider range of exhaustivity than citation title words.

  17. 76 FR 64108 - Meeting of the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) National Motor Vehicle Title Information System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Justice... Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee to discuss various issues relating to.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alissa Huntoon, Designated Federal Employee (DFE), Bureau of...

  18. 75 FR 36346 - Olympic National Forest; Title II Resource Advisory Committee Meeting Advisory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... Olympic National Forest; Title II Resource Advisory Committee Meeting Advisory AGENCY: Olympic National Forest, USDA Forest Service. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Olympic Peninsula Resource Advisory..., Forest Supervisor, the Designated Federal Official for the Olympic National Forest Resource Advisory...

  19. 77 FR 57949 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Positive Law Codification of Title 41

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ... business confidential information provided. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Edward N. Chambers... Kept by Employers-FLSA; 1215-0119, titled: Requirements of a Bono Fide Thrift or Savings Plan;...

  20. Impact of wastewater treatment plants on receiving surface waters and a tentative risk evaluation: the case of estrogens and beta blockers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabet-Giraud, V; Miège, C; Jacquet, R; Coquery, M

    2014-02-01

    Five estrogenic hormones (unconjugated + conjugated fractions) and 10 beta blockers were analyzed in three wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents and receiving river waters in the area of Lyon, France. In the different samples, only two estrogens were quantified: estrone and estriol. Some beta blockers, such as atenolol, acebutolol, and sotalol, were almost always quantified, but others, e.g., betaxolol, nadolol, and oxprenolol were rarely quantified. Concentrations measured in river waters were in the nanogram per liter range for estrogens and between 0.3 and 210 ng/L for beta blockers depending on the substance and the distance from the WWTP outfall. The impact of the WWTP on the receiving rivers was studied and showed a clear increase in concentrations near the WWTP outfall. For estrogens, the persistence in surface waters was not evaluated given the low concentrations levels (around 1 ng/L). For beta blockers, concentrations measured downstream of the WWTP outfall were up to 16 times higher than those measured upstream. Also, the persistence of metoprolol, nadolol, and propranolol was noted even 2 km downstream of the WWTP outfall. The comparison of beta blocker fingerprints in the samples collected in effluent and in the river also showed the impact of WWTP outfall on surface waters. Finally, a tentative environmental risk evaluation was performed on 15 sites by calculating the ratio of receiving water concentrations to predicted non-effect concentrations (PNEC). For estrogens, a total PNEC of 5 ng/L was considered and these substances were not linked to any potential environmental risk (only one site showed an environmental risk ratio above 1). Unfortunately, few PNECs are available and risk evaluation was only possible for 4 of the 10 beta blockers studied: acebutolol, atenolol, metoprolol, and propranolol. Only propranolol presented a ratio near or above 1, showing a possible environmental risk for 4 receiving waters out of 15.

  1. Dose-Independent ADME Properties and Tentative Identification of Metabolites of α-Mangostin from Garcinia mangostana in Mice by Automated Microsampling and UPLC-MS/MS Methods.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung Yon Han

    Full Text Available The information about a marker compound's pharmacokinetics in herbal products including the characteristics of absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME is closely related to the efficacy/toxicity. Also dose range and administration route are critical factors to determine the ADME profiles. Since the supply of a sufficient amount of a marker compound in in vivo study is still difficult, pharmacokinetic investigations which overcome the limit of blood collection in mice are desirable. Thus, we have attempted to investigate concurrently the ADME and proposed metabolite identification of α-mangostin, a major constituent of mangosteen, Garcinia mangostana L, in mice with a wide dose range using an in vitro as well as in vivo automated micro-sampling system together. α-mangostin showed dose-proportional pharmacokinetics at intravenous doses of 5-20 mg/kg and oral doses of 10-100 mg/kg. The gastrointestinal absorption of α-mangostin was poor and the distribution of α-mangostin was relatively high in the liver, intestine, kidney, fat, and lung. α-mangostin was extensively metabolized in the liver and intestine. With regards to the formation of metabolites, the glucuronidated, bis-glucuronidated, dehydrogenated, hydrogenated, oxidized, and methylated α-mangostins were tentatively identified. We suggest that these dose-independent pharmacokinetic characteristics of α-mangostin in mice provide an important basis for preclinical applications of α-mangostin as well as mangosteen. In addition, these experimental methods can be applied to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of natural products in mice.

  2. Gentamicin in vitro activity and tentative gentamicin interpretation criteria for the CLSI and calibrated dichotomous sensitivity disc diffusion methods for Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bala, Manju; Singh, Vikram; Philipova, Ivva; Bhargava, Aradhana; Chandra Joshi, Naveen; Unemo, Magnus

    2016-07-01

    XDR Neisseria gonorrhoeae imposes the threat of untreatable gonorrhoea. Gentamicin is considered for future treatment; however, no interpretation criteria for the CLSI and calibrated dichotomous sensitivity (CDS) disc diffusion (DD) techniques are available for N. gonorrhoeae. We investigated the in vitro gentamicin activity by MIC and DD methods, proposed DD breakpoints and determined DD ranges for 10 international quality control (QC) strains. Gentamicin susceptibility of 333 N. gonorrhoeae isolates, including 323 clinical isolates and 10 QC strains, was determined. MIC determination (Etest) and DD methods (CLSI and CDS) were performed. The relationship between MIC, inhibition zone diameter and annular radius was determined by linear regression analysis and the correlation coefficient (r) was calculated. Gentamicin MICs for the QC strains were within published ranges. Of the 323 clinical isolates, according to published breakpoints 75.9%, 23.5% and 0.6% were susceptible, intermediately susceptible and resistant, respectively. Based on error minimization with MICs of ≤4, 8-16 and ≥32 mg/L, breakpoints proposed are susceptible ≥16 mm, intermediately susceptible 13-15 mm and resistant ≤12 mm for the CLSI method and susceptible ≥6 mm, less susceptible 3-5 mm and resistant ≤2 mm for the CDS technique. Low resistance to gentamicin was identified and gentamicin might be a future treatment option for gonorrhoea. Tentative gentamicin zone breakpoints were defined for two DD methods and QC ranges for 10 international reference strains were established. Our findings suggest that in resource-poor settings where MIC testing is not a feasible option, the DD methods can be used to indicate gentamicin resistance. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. Uniform Title in Theory and in Slovenian and Croatian Cataloguing Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Petek

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTPurpose:  The paper investigates the importance and development of uniform title that enables collocation in the library catalogue. Research results on use of uniform titles in two union catalogues, the Slovenian COBISS and the Croatian CROLIST are also presented.Methodology/approach:  Theoretical apects of the uniform title are treated: for the first time by Panizzi, then in the Paris Principles being the basis for the Verona's cataloguing code; in the latest International Cataloguing Principles including conceptual models Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR and Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD; and last but not least in the international cataloguing code Resource Description and Access (RDA. To find out whether the uniform titles are used consistently according to the Verona's cataloguing code and to the requirements of the bibliographic formats COMARC and UNIMARC, the frequency of tags 300 and 500 in bibliographic records is explored.Results:  The research results indicate that the use of uniform titles in COBISS and CROLIST is not satisfactory and that the tags 300 and 500 are often missing in bibliographic recods. In online catalogues a special attention should be given to the uniform title as it is considered an efficient linking device in the catalogue and as it enables collocation.Research limitations:  The research is limited to bibliographic records for translations of works of personal authors and of anonymous works; corporate authors are not included.Originality/practical implications:  Presenting development of the uniform title from the very beginning up to now and the first research on the uniform title in COBISS.

  4. Project Termination Report. Title IV-C Classroom Management Project. ESEA Title IV-C, August 29, 1981 - September 30, 1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halasa, Ofelia; Theus, Frank

    This report provides a summary description of the Title IV-C Classroom Management Project conducted in the Cleveland (Ohio) Public Schools. The purpose of this project was to develop and pilot test a resource handbook designed to improve elementary and secondary school teachers' ability to organize and manage their classrooms. The development of…

  5. Integrating Title I and Title VII: The Evolving Model of Dearborn Public Schools, Michigan. NCBE Program Information Guide Series No. 21.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arraf, Shereen; And Others

    This report offers insights on the experiences and techniques used in the Dearborn Public Schools effort to integrate Title VII and Chapter 1 programs prior to their reauthorization. The school system is located near metropolitan Detroit, Michigan, and has over 14,500 students representing 24 languages, many from the Middle East, Romania, and…

  6. Investigations des liens entre les troubles anxieux et les conduites suicidaires dans une population de sujets atteints d'un trouble bipolaire : la phobie sociale, un facteur de risque des tentatives de suicide dans le trouble bipolaire

    OpenAIRE

    Perroud, Nader

    2006-01-01

    Nous nous sommes intéressé à l'impact que représenterait, chez des patients bipolaires, la présence d'une comorbidité anxieuse sur le comportement suicidaire. Les troubles anxieux furent comparés entre deux groupes de 406 patients bipolaires répartis en fonction de la présence ou de l'absence d'antécédent de tentative de suicide. Parmi les troubles anxieux, seule la phobie sociale (PS) fut significativement associée à un antécédent de tentative de suicide chez les sujets bibpolaires (OR 4.26)...

  7. Investigations des liens entre les troubles anxieux et les conduites suicidaires dans une population de sujets atteints d'un trouble bipolaire: la phobie sociale, un facteur de risque des tentatives de suicide dans le trouble bipolaire

    OpenAIRE

    Perroud, Nader; Malafosse, Alain

    2007-01-01

    Nous nous sommes intéressé à l'impact que représenterait, chez des patients bipolaires, la présence d'une comorbidité anxieuse sur le comportement suicidaire. Les troubles anxieux furent comparés entre deux groupes de 406 patients bipolaires répartis en fonction de la présence ou de l'absence d'antécédent de tentative de suicide. Parmi les troubles anxieux, seule la phobie sociale (PS) fut significativement associée à un antécédent de tentative de suicide chez les sujets bibpolaires (OR 4.26)...

  8. Ex-Post Analysis of Land Title Registration in Ghana Since 2008 Merger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richmond J. Ehwi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Land ownership and security of title have continued to dominate land management discourses in many developing economies, leading to a proliferation of studies that explore, among other things, the nexus between land title registration and land security, women’s access to land, innovation in agriculture, access to finance, and economic development. For many years, Ghana experienced minimal success in formalizing land ownership and title registration. However, public confidence and expectations were raised once more in 2008 with the merger of four disparate land agencies into the New Lands Commission (NLC under the overarching ambit of the Land Administration Project (LAP. This article contributes to existing studies by evaluating the impact of the 2008 merger. This is accomplished by matching the project’s stated objectives with actual outcomes and situating the findings in the broader theoretical debate about land title registration and economic development. Using data gathered through interviews with officials of the Greater Accra Lands Commission and with prospective land title holders, the study concludes that there have not been any great gains in achieving the complete digitization of the title registration process and follow-up procedures. However, there has been a reduction in the turn-around time for processing land documents, from more than 36 months to about 3 months, as well as increased public awareness about the process of title registration. The study recommends further training of staff members of the NLC in handling the digitization process, institutionalization of anti-corruption and anti-bribery practices, and the introduction of a well-functioning customer feedback system.

  9. Evaluation of exposure data from men and women with the same job title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messing, K; Dumais, L; Courville, J; Seifert, A M; Boucher, M

    1994-08-01

    In the epidemiological approach to occupational cancers, large bodies of data must be analyzed to find rare cases of cancer. The exposure status of workers must therefore be assessed. Inaccuracies will lead to bias toward the null value in certain cases. Job title has often been used as a proxy for exposure status. This study was undertaken to examine content (ie, tasks and activities) associated with job title among men and women in a large Québec municipality. Occupational accident reports were studied for 1589 accidents, and 113 men and women workers were interviewed about job content. Women and men did not seem to have the same accident rates. From interview data, it appeared that women and men with the same job title did not perform the same tasks. Thus, they might have different exposures. The data reported here support caution in using job title to estimate exposure for both genders if the job-exposure matrix has not previously been validated separately by gender. In addition, it may be unwise to adjust relationships between job title and cancer incidence for gender, thus treating gender as a confounder when it may be a proxy for specific exposures.

  10. The Search for Cognitive Terminology: An Analysis of Comparative Psychology Journal Titles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Whissell

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This research examines the employment of cognitive or mentalist words in the titles of articles from three comparative psychology journals (Journal of Comparative Psychology, International Journal of Comparative Psychology, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes; 8,572 titles, >100,000 words. The Dictionary of Affect in Language, coupled with a word search of titles, was employed to demonstrate cognitive creep. The use of cognitive terminology increased over time (1940–2010 and the increase was especially notable in comparison to the use of behavioral words, highlighting a progressively cognitivist approach to comparative research. Problems associated with the use of cognitive terminology in this domain include a lack of operationalization and a lack of portability. There were stylistic differences among journals including an increased use of words rated as pleasant and concrete across years for Journal of Comparative Psychology, and a greater use of emotionally unpleasant and concrete words in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.

  11. Guidance for implementing the long-term surveillance program for UMTRA Project Title I Disposal Sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    This guidance document has two purposes: it provides guidance for writing site-specific long-term surveillance plans (LTSP) and it describes site surveillance, monitoring, and long-term care techniques for Title I disposal sites of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) (42 USC Section 7901 et seq.). Long-term care includes monitoring, maintenance, and emergency measures needed to protect public health and safety and the environment after remedial action is completed. This document applies to the UMTRCA-designated Title I disposal sites. The requirements for long-term care of the Title I sites and the contents of the LTSPs are provided in U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations (10 CFR Section 40.27) provided in Attachment 1.

  12. The search for cognitive terminology: an analysis of comparative psychology journal titles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whissell, Cynthia; Abramson, Charles I; Barber, Kelsey R

    2013-03-01

    This research examines the employment of cognitive or mentalist words in the titles of articles from three comparative psychology journals (Journal of Comparative Psychology, International Journal of Comparative Psychology, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes; 8,572 titles, >100,000 words). The Dictionary of Affect in Language, coupled with a word search of titles, was employed to demonstrate cognitive creep. The use of cognitive terminology increased over time (1940-2010) and the increase was especially notable in comparison to the use of behavioral words, highlighting a progressively cognitivist approach to comparative research. Problems associated with the use of cognitive terminology in this domain include a lack of operationalization and a lack of portability. There were stylistic differences among journals including an increased use of words rated as pleasant and concrete across years for Journal of Comparative Psychology, and a greater use of emotionally unpleasant and concrete words in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.

  13. 职称与职业资格%Professional Title and Professional Qualification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨莉

    2012-01-01

    In Chinese talent evaluation system, professional title system was a basic system of evaluation and management for professional talents, professional qualifications system was the important system building under the condition of socialist market economy. The article discussed the conception and connotation of professional title and professional qualification, and the development process of professional title system and professional qualifications system, analyzed the similarities and differences between professional title and professional qualification. The article proposed it was conducive to accelerating the construction of talents team by promoting the reformation and perfection of professional title system, such as, adjusting the series of evaluation, perfecting evaluation standard, establishing the social evaluation mechanism in professional title system, and promoting the legalization and standardization of professional qualification and so on.%在中国人才评价制度体系中,职称制度是对专业技术人才评价和管理的一项基本制度,职业资格制度是在社会主义市场经济条件下建立起来的科学评价人才的一项重要制度.在探讨职称与职业资格的概念和内涵、中国职称制度和职业资格制度发展历程的基础上,分析了职称与职业资格的异同,提出推进职称制度的改革完善,调整规范专业技术职务任职资格系列,完善评价标准,建立社会化评价机制,以及推进职业资格制度的法制化和规范化建设等,将有助于加速人才队伍的建设.

  14. Skopostheorie and the Application to English-Chinese Film Title Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Chang-bin

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the film title translation (FTT) from English to Chinese with an attempt to adapt Skopostho⁃erie as a guiding theory. Although usually short, film titles have a significance influence on box-offices. However, generally in China, FTT lacks a guiding theory. In fact, FTT is a purposeful activity. Among numerous translation theories, Skopostheorie is appropriate for FTT because, unlike previous theories, it enables the translator to employ various translational strategies to realize the main skopos. Its distinctive feature is“The end justifies the means”. Generally, the main purpose of FTT is to attract the tar⁃get audience (the Chinese audience) to watch the movie. This essay mainly classifies FTT into partial and total literal translation and free translation and, under the guidance of Skopstheorie, tries to probe into different strategies for different title types. In the introduction part, research background is presented. ChapterⅡ is devoted to the overview of Skopostheorie. Chapter Ⅲ is an overview of English film titles. As the core of this essay, ChapterⅣfocuses on the application of Skopostheorie to FTT. In order to realize vocative function, which is to call upon the audience to watch movies, intratextual coherence should be achieved. And abundant target film titles are adapted to explain that different strategies are employed for different titles. The conclusion is that Skopostheorie can play an active role in guiding FTT and in terms of Skopostheorie, FTT is in essence a process of renaming and recreation with certain strains to realize its vocative function.

  15. Discussion of Translation from English Film Titles into Chinese from the Perspective of Reception Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jian

    2016-01-01

    Reception theory, a newly developed discipline, is an audience-oriented film title translation approach. According to Reception Aesthetics, the historical life of a literary work is unthinkable without the active participation of the readers. With the reception theory as the theoretical background, it will pilot the basic points of the translation of film titles, namely, informative value, cultural value, aesthetic value, and commercial value, with the five pragmatic methods of general translation. Further-more, it also takes the factor of intercultural factors into consideration when discussing this topic.

  16. Twelve tips on writing abstracts and titles: How to get people to use and cite your work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, David A; Bordage, Georges

    2016-11-01

    The authors share 12 practical tips on creating effective titles and abstracts for a journal publication or conference presentation. When crafting a title authors should: (1) start thinking of the title from the start; (2) brainstorm many key words, create permutations, and ask others for input; (3) strive for an informative and indicative title; (4) start the title with the most important words; and (5) wait to finalize the title until the very end. When writing the abstract, authors should: (6) wait until the end to write the abstract; (7) copy and paste from main text as the starting point; (8) start with a detailed structured format; (9) describe what they did; (10) describe what they found; (11) highlight what readers can do with this information; and (12) ensure that the abstract aligns with the full text and conforms to submission guidelines.

  17. Overview of Clean Air Title V Financial Management and Reporting: A Handbook for Financial Officers and Program Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Policy and Guidance Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-operating-permit-policy-and-guidance-document-index. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  18. GCC Dacotah Cement Manufacturing, Order Partially Granting and Partially Denying Petition for Objection to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  19. Honeywell Engines, Systems and Services, Phoenix, Arizona, Dec. 10, 2007 Petition to Object to Title V Operating Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  20. 78 FR 69683 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; OAA Title...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... other forms of information technology. The OAA Title III-E National Family Caregiver Support Program... and informal caregivers to care for their loved ones at home for as long as possible. ACL is directed... meeting its goals and mission. The evaluation design is comprised of two primary components: 1. A...

  1. Mobile Units Supplementing Education (M.U.S.E.). Evaluation, ESEA Title III, Fiscal Year 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodge County Schools, Fremont, NE.

    A project in Dodge County, Nebraska, from July 1, 1969, to June 30, 1970, used Mobile Units Supplementing Education (MUSE) under an Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title III grant. The primary objective of the pilot project and the operational grant was to demonstrate and explore the possibilities of bringing special and supplemental units…

  2. Teaching against the Grain: One Title I School's Journey toward Project-Based Literacy Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, Seth A.; Metzger, Salem Rainey; Askew, Jeanna; Carswell, Ashley R.

    2011-01-01

    The current high-stakes testing environment is compelling many educators to teach reading in programmatic ways. This type of teaching contrasts research on effective literacy instruction. This article describes a Title I elementary school's effort to improve literacy instruction not by adopting a program but rather by providing professional…

  3. 7 CFR 22.203 - Major responsibilities under title VI, Sec. 603.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....203 Section 22.203 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities of Federal Government § 22.203 Major responsibilities under title VI, Sec... Secretary of Agriculture with providing leadership in the development of a nationwide rural development...

  4. 78 FR 57571 - Negotiated Rulemaking Committee, Negotiator Nominations and Schedule of Committee Meetings-Title...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ... definition of ``adverse credit'' for borrowers in the Federal Direct PLUS Loan Program; and campus-based... title V of the HEA, which include Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic-Serving... the interests that the nominee represents. Evidence of the nominee's expertise or experience in the...

  5. 19 CFR 127.41 - Government title to unclaimed and abandoned merchandise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... similar Customs document as designated by the port director or an electronic equivalent as authorized by... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Government title to unclaimed and abandoned merchandise. 127.41 Section 127.41 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF...

  6. 29 CFR 779.502 - Statutory provisions; regulations in part 1500 of this title.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Retail Enterprises Child Labor Provisions § 779.502 Statutory provisions; regulations in part 1500 of this title. (a) The Act's prohibitions in relation to employment of child labor, which may have... therefrom any oppressive child labor has been employed: Provided, That any such shipment or delivery...

  7. Title I Middle School Administrators' Beliefs and Choices about Using Corporal Punishment and Exclusionary Discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Brianna L.; Murphy, Amy S.; Jordan, Adam

    2017-01-01

    This grounded theory study of how Title I middle school administrators determine students' punishments was developed using interviews with 27 Florida administrators from schools allowing corporal punishment. Administrators' choices were shaped by their upbringings, their experiences as parents, their job requirements, the expectations of students'…

  8. 48 CFR 52.234-1 - Industrial Resources Developed Under Defense Production Act Title III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Industrial Resources... CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.234-1 Industrial Resources Developed Under Defense Production Act Title III. As prescribed at 34.104, insert the following clause: Industrial Resources...

  9. Institution's Title and Shibboleth: A Construct of Grammatical Relationship in Advertising Plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalamu, Taofeek

    2017-01-01

    Institutions are known through the names-cum-titles shown on their signboards, internet websites, letterheads, etc. However, it seems that such cultures could not satisfy the yearning of most organizations. So, they further propagate their core values and traits by constructing short linguistic bursts-cum-contents that can expatiate on what the…

  10. Competency Commonalities and Accompanying Job Titles Derived from the Six Montana Agricultural Manpower Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amberson, Max L.; And Others

    The report provides essential information for curriculum development relevant to manpower demands for agricultural production and agribusiness in Montana. It focuses on an analysis of 3,500 competency statements to determine the existence of duplication, commonalities, and uniqueness among 76 identified job titles derived from six Agricultural…

  11. The Byzantine titles of Jovan Oliver: A contribution to the issues of their origin and chronology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirivatrić Srđan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The inscription by the portrait of Jovan Oliver, the founder, in the main church of monastery Lesnovo, contains the earliest data on high Byzantine court dignities he held. The founder is portrayed invested as a sebastokrator, the inscription is written over an older one which it partially repeats and gives the information on the two Byzantine titles of Jovan Oliver: in the first part of the inscription there is reference on his title of sebastokrator “in Serbs”, while in the second part he is mentioned with the title of despotes “of all Serbian and maritime regions and učestnik (sc. particeps of Greeks”. In the inscription both of the dignities are connected with the king Stefan Dušan. The analysis of the data of the founder’s inscription, when put into the context of the civil war that lasted in Byzantium from 1341 to 1347, enables the conclusions on the exact Byzantine origin of his titles and approximate chronology of his investment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177032: Tradicija, inovacija i identitet u vizantijskom svetu

  12. The Savvy Librarian's Night Table: Ten Amazing Titles Guaranteed to Bring You Peace, Prosperity, and Happiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genco, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    With so many choices and so many terrific nonfiction titles in the pipeline, picking the "right" read can be daunting. This year, the author offers a variety of choices: the future of books, the life of a great American photographer, jigsaw puzzles as a metaphor for life, the negative legacy of America's positive thinking, a history of American…

  13. 78 FR 55068 - Request for Information To Inform the Title III Evaluation and Research Studies Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... Request for Information To Inform the Title III Evaluation and Research Studies Agenda AGENCY: Office of... Proficient Students, Department of Education. ACTION: Request for information. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Education (Department) requests information on priorities for future evaluation and research...

  14. 76 FR 38555 - Reorganization of Title 30, Code of Federal Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    ... that the Minerals Revenue Management Program (MRM) of the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement 30 CFR Part 250 Office of Natural Resources Revenue 30 CFR Parts 1204, 1206, 1218, 1241, and 1290 RIN 1012-AA06 Reorganization of Title 30, Code...

  15. Impacts of Four Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs. Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trenholm, Christopher; Devaney, Barbara; Fortson, Ken; Quay, Ken; Wheeler, Justin; Clark, Melissa

    2007-01-01

    Since fiscal year 1998, the Title V, Section 510 program has allocated $50 million annually in federal funding for programs that teach abstinence form sexual activity outside of marriage as the expected standard for school-age children. A new impact report from Mathematica's congressionally mandated multi-year evaluation of four abstinence…

  16. 33 CFR 187.305 - What are the requirements for applying for a title?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY VESSEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Guidelines for State Vessel... entry for identification of the State or country in which the vessel was last numbered, titled, documented, or registered under the laws of a foreign country. (d) A State must require that a COO for...

  17. A quantitative study of history in the english short-title catalogue (ESTC), 1470-1800

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lahti, Leo; Ilomäki, Niko; Tolonen, Mikko

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses publication trends in the field of history in early modern Britain and North America in 1470-1800, based on English Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC) data.2 Its major contribution is to demonstrate the potential of digitized library catalogues as an essential scholasti

  18. Title I Middle School Administrators' Beliefs and Choices about Using Corporal Punishment and Exclusionary Discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Brianna L.; Murphy, Amy S.; Jordan, Adam

    2017-01-01

    This grounded theory study of how Title I middle school administrators determine students' punishments was developed using interviews with 27 Florida administrators from schools allowing corporal punishment. Administrators' choices were shaped by their upbringings, their experiences as parents, their job requirements, the expectations of students'…

  19. Dos Idiomas, Un Mundo. Dual Language Project. Title VII Biennial Evaluation Report, 1995-97.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernest, Harishini M.; Gonzalez, Rosa M.

    This is an evaluation of the first 2 years of a 5-year comprehensive Bilingual Education grant funded by Title VII Part A of the Improving America's Schools Act of 1994 in the Austin Independent School District (AISD) (Texas). The grant awarded to the AISD funds a program of Developmental Bilingual Education at two elementary schools where more…

  20. 7 CFR 1781.9 - Security, feasibility, evidence of debt, title, insurance and other requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND DEVELOPMENT (RCD) LOANS AND WATERSHED (WS) LOANS AND ADVANCES § 1781.9 Security, feasibility, evidence of debt, title, insurance and other requirements. (a) Security. WS loans, WS advances, and RCD... secure a WS loan, WS advance, or RCD loan. These should be consistent with the applicable provisions of...

  1. The show starts here: viewers’ interactions with recent television serials’ main title sequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Davison

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent title sequences for high production value television serials are generally one of two kinds: either extremely minimal, appearing part way through the episode with credits dispersed through the show, or as an extended format of c. ninety seconds’ duration, at or near the start of the show. In a previous book chapter I presented analyses of examples of the latter, arguing that the sequences form an efficient part of the brand image for both the show and commissioning channel. In order to explore the extent to which such sequences are watched or skipped by viewers, and how such decisions are made I organised a series of preliminary focus groups in February 2012 with participants who identified themselves as regular viewers of television serials, the findings of which are presented here. Two forms of stimuli were used: a main title sequence and an end credit sequence from a serial where different music is selected for this sequence for each episode. Analysis of the discussions indicates that the decision to view these sequences is dependent on a variety of factors. While for some the titles are required viewing, the participants in the groups are more likely to persistently view an end credit sequence where the music changes with the episode than an unchanging main title sequence. Perhaps most surprising, given the increase in opportunities for mobile viewing, is that for the participants of these groups television serials continue to be associated with social viewing in a domestic setting.

  2. A quantitative study of history in the english short-title catalogue (ESTC), 1470-1800

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lahti, Leo; Ilomäki, Niko; Tolonen, Mikko

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses publication trends in the field of history in early modern Britain and North America in 1470-1800, based on English Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC) data.2 Its major contribution is to demonstrate the potential of digitized library catalogues as an essential scholasti

  3. Structure des titres et enseignes (The Structure of Titles and Signs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calbris, Genevieve

    1982-01-01

    Seeks to discover in advertising slogans, titles of all kinds, signs, and commercials, allusions to and reflections of French culture. Cultural allusions are treated according to source, technique used, and way of achieving double meaning. The structural aspect is studied according to the diverse forms of play on words. (AMH)

  4. A Study to Determine Competencies Needed in Selected Job Titles in Agricultural Products Occupations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amberson, Max L.; And Others

    The report is a composite of competency interviews and a compilation, evaluation, and analysis of data on agricultural products occupations (bakery, dairy, meat, and flour milling industry job titles). The study was conducted to obtain information which would identify the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed by employees in selected job titles…

  5. Science Scores in Title I Elementary Schools in North Georgia: A Project Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frias, Ramon

    2013-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)'s emphasis of reading, language arts, and mathematics (RLA&M) and its de-emphasis of science has been a source of great concern among educators. Through an objectivist and constructionist framework, this study explored the unforeseen effects of the NCLB on public science education among Title I (TI) and…

  6. 20 CFR 404.508 - Defeat the purpose of Title II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Medical, hospitalization, and other similar expenses; (3) Expenses for the support of others for whom the... title, i.e., to deprive a person of income required for ordinary and necessary living expenses. This... and necessary expenses include: (1) Fixed living expenses, such as food and clothing, rent, mortgage...

  7. 40 CFR 35.6325 - Title and EPA interest in CERCLA-funded property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Title and EPA interest in CERCLA-funded property. 35.6325 Section 35.6325 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Cooperative Agreements and Superfund State Contracts for Superfund Response Actions...

  8. The Roles of Principal Leadership Behaviors and Organizational Routines in Montana's Distinguished Title I Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Sean Niles

    2012-01-01

    This embedded multiple-case study addressed the lack of qualitative research on the contributions of principal leadership behaviors and organizational routines in Montana's distinguished Title I schools. This study was guided by the research question, "How do principal leadership behaviors and organizational routines contribute to the high…

  9. What's in a Title? Gender Micro-Inequities in a University Human Resources Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saporu, Darlene F.; Herbers, Joan M.

    2015-01-01

    Men and women are perceived differently, and those perceptions can be damaging in a professional context. Unconscious bias expressed within work environments can introduce "micro-inequities" that impede career progression for women compared to men. This study examines title prefixes for faculty in the human resources database of a large…

  10. Evaluation Designs for Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act for 1968-1969.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peper, John B.

    To develop an evaluation model appropriate to education in the Philadelphia School System, six teams of evaluators drawn from a total evaluation staff of 11 report on 34 Title I-ESEA projects processed in the city of Philadelphia during the 1968-69 school year. Information in each report includes a summary of the particular project, its problem…

  11. 77 FR 10573 - Meeting of the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) National Motor Vehicle Title Information System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Justice... Title Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee to discuss various issues relating to the... Programs (OJP), 810 7th Street NW., Washington, DC 20531. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Todd...

  12. 75 FR 31815 - Meeting of the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) National Motor Vehicle Title Information System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Justice... Title Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee to discuss the role of the NMVTIS Federal...) 305-1661. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alissa Huntoon, Designated Federal Employee (DFE),...

  13. 76 FR 8778 - Meeting of the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) National Motor Vehicle Title Information System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-15

    ... Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Justice... Title Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee to discuss the role of the NMVTIS Federal...) 305-1661. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alissa Huntoon, Designated Federal Official (DFO),...

  14. 78 FR 51747 - Meeting of the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) National Motor Vehicle Title Information System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Justice... Title Information System (NMVTIS) Federal Advisory Committee to discuss various issues relating to the... (OJP), 810 7th Street NW., Washington, DC 20531. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Todd...

  15. 76 FR 77549 - Lummi Nation-Title 20-Code of Laws-Liquor Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... Bureau of Indian Affairs Lummi Nation--Title 20--Code of Laws--Liquor Code AGENCY: Bureau of Indian...--Code of Laws--Liquor Code. The Code regulates and controls the possession, sale and consumption of... this Code allows for the possession and sale of alcoholic beverages within the Lummi...

  16. Title I in Georgia: Annual Evaluation Report, FY 1972/73.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Sarah H.; Weiss, Mark H.

    Title I programming emphasis in Georgia is increasingly oriented toward basic skills. Fifty-eight percent of the total "participation units" were engaged in English reading and mathematics activities. No other activity or service received as much as 8 percent of the participation total. English reading activities accounted for 56.5…

  17. 77 FR 20637 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; OAA Title III-C...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... living possible. The OAA Title III-C Elderly Nutrition Services Program (statutory authority is contained... Elderly Nutrition Services Program meet its legislative intent and goals. The proposed data collection... comprehensive, coordinated and cost-effective system of home and community based services that helps...

  18. Property rights after market liberalization reforms: land titling and investments in rural Peru

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fort Meyer, R.A.

    2007-01-01

    This study discusses the links between land access, property rights, and economic development, analyzing the results and limitations of a public intervention- Land Titling and Registration- that constitutes one of the main instruments for contemporary land policy in Peru. It starts with a global per

  19. Title I Schools: A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of Effective Instructional Coaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Hope L.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study examines the experiences associated with instructional coaching in Title I schools. The experiences of eight teachers and four instructional coaches are represented within the study. The personal experiences and beliefs are provided in the data collection process through the use of one-on-one interviews. Additional accounts…

  20. 76 FR 75563 - Notice for Delay of Payment of Title XII Interest for Three States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ... October 1 for which data are available, the state had an average total unemployment rate of 13.5 percent... State of Nevada had requested delay of payment for accrued interest based on these high unemployment... Employment and Training Administration Notice for Delay of Payment of Title XII Interest for Three States...

  1. 47 CFR 20.15 - Requirements under Title II of the Communications Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CARRIER SERVICES COMMERCIAL MOBILE RADIO SERVICES § 20.15 Requirements under Title II of the Communications Act. (a) Commercial mobile radio services providers, to the extent applicable, must comply with....814 and 43.21 of this chapter; except that commercial radio service providers that offer...

  2. Organization and Efficient Manual Searching of the Major Chemical Title and Abstract Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiehlmann, Eberhard

    1973-01-01

    Science Citation Index'' and several new Chemical Abstracts''' indexes are discussed as effective tools for retrospective literature work and a comparison is made of the features of Chemischer Informationsdienst,'' Index Chemicus,'' Chemical Titles,'' and Current Contents'' as the main sources of current chemical information. (9 references)…

  3. Industrial Electrical Maintenance Learning Guides and Task Listing by Occupational Titles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmer, Melvin

    Seven student learning guides are provided for an industrial electrical maintenance program at the secondary, postsecondary, or adult level. Each learning guide is composed of these component parts: a title page that states the task, purpose, program and task numbers, estimated time, and prerequisites; an optional learning contract that includes…

  4. 7 CFR 1901.203 - Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., rental, or financing of housing contained in title VIII apply to: (1) All dwellings financed by loans... equal housing opportunity throughout the nation. We encourage and support an affirmative advertising and... Public Law 103-354 programs and referral to the Department of Justice for suit by the United States...

  5. The Influence of Neutral Gender Words on Translating Job Titles from English Language into Arabic Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mubaideen, Taghreed

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims at investigating the influence of neutral gender words on translating job titles from English language into Arabic Language. This qualitative research includes 20 postgraduate students doing their M.A in Applied Linguistics at the Department of English Language and Literature at Mu'tah University for the academic year 2015/2016.…

  6. The Perpetuation of Risk: Organizational and Institutional Policies and Practices in a Title 1 School

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Brenda

    2011-01-01

    This empirical mixed methods study examines educators' understandings of student risk factors. The research was conducted in a Title 1 combination middle high school in the Florida panhandle that had been open for three years and had received a grade of F school in each of these years. In Florida, schools are graded according to the Florida…

  7. 75 FR 18470 - Olympic National Forest; Federal Register-Title II Resource Advisory Committee Meeting Advisory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-12

    ... Forest Service Olympic National Forest; Federal Register--Title II Resource Advisory Committee Meeting Advisory AGENCY: Olympic National Forest, USDA Forest Service. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The... Forest Resource Advisory Committee, at 360-956-2300, 1835 Black Lake Blvd., SW., Olympia, WA 98512...

  8. Current Subcounty Allocation Practices: Volume I of the Title I, ESEA, Subcounty Allocation Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paller, Alan T.; Gutmann, Babette

    In this report, subcounty allocation of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) funds is described in terms of direct allocation, use of the statutory formula emphasizing census data, United States Office of Education (USOE) regulations, participating states, geographic and administrative overlaps, hold harmless adjustments…

  9. State Profiles of Subcounty Allocation Procedures: Appendix to the Title I, ESEA, Subcounty Allocation Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutmann, Babette; Paller, Alan T.

    In this appendix to the study of subcounty allocation of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, state by state profiles of subcounty allocation are provided. The allocation formula and procedures used by each state for fiscal year 1977 are explained. Other data for each state, such as number of school districts and counties which…

  10. A quantitative study of history in the english short-title catalogue (ESTC), 1470-1800

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lahti, Leo; Ilomäki, Niko; Tolonen, Mikko

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses publication trends in the field of history in early modern Britain and North America in 1470-1800, based on English Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC) data.2 Its major contribution is to demonstrate the potential of digitized library catalogues as an essential

  11. 78 FR 33409 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; See Item Specific ICR Titles Provided...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... for Plywood and Composite Products covers both new and existing plywood and composite wood products (PCWP) facilities. Plywood and composite products include, but are not limited to plywood, veneer... labor rates. (7) Docket ID Number: EPA-HQ-OECA-2013-0341; Title: NESHAP for Plywood and...

  12. Title I and Student Achievement: A Meta-Analysis of 30 Years of Test Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borman, Geoffrey D.; D'Agostino, Jerome V.

    Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act was implemented in 1965 to provide financial assistance to state and local education agencies to meet the special needs of educationally disadvantaged children. Federal funding supports a variety of supplemental services that share the collective purpose of improving educational opportunities…

  13. Title list of documents made publicly available, March 1--31, 1995: Volume 17, No. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. The docketed information contained in the Title List includes the information formerly issued through the Department of Energy publication Power Reactor Docket Information, last published in January 1979. NRC documents that are publicly available may be examined without charge at the NRC Public Document Room (PDR). Duplicate copies may be obtained for a fee. Standing orders for certain categories of documents are also available. Clients may search for and order desired titles through the PDR computerized Bibliographic Retrieval System, which is accessible both at the PDR and remotely. The PDR is staffed by professional technical librarians, who provide reference assistance to users. See NOTES at the end of the preface for information about reaching the PDR. Microfiche of the docketed information listed in the Title List is available for sale on a subscription basis from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS).

  14. What's in a Title? Gender Micro-Inequities in a University Human Resources Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saporu, Darlene F.; Herbers, Joan M.

    2015-01-01

    Men and women are perceived differently, and those perceptions can be damaging in a professional context. Unconscious bias expressed within work environments can introduce "micro-inequities" that impede career progression for women compared to men. This study examines title prefixes for faculty in the human resources database of a large…

  15. The Use of Abbreviations in English-Medium Astrophysics Research Paper Titles: A Problematic Issue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méndez, David I.; Alcaraz, M. Ángeles

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we carry out a qualitative and quantitative analysis of abbreviations in 300 randomly collected research paper titles published in the most prestigious European and US-based Astrophysics journals written in English. Our main results show that the process of shortening words and groups of words is one of the most characteristic and…

  16. No Title

    CERN Multimedia

    Ameen, Juan

    2006-01-01

    "A 25-year-old maltese Ph.D. graduate has just completed research that will be used in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) - one of the world's largest and most powerful scientific instruments ever built. (1,5 page)

  17. No title

    CERN Multimedia

    Barney, David; Barish, Barry C

    2007-01-01

    "Physics researchers are looking to the smallest of particles tot ry to answer some big questions about the universe, from why matter has mass, to whether or not string theory can truly explain the way the universe works." (1/3 page)

  18. Current titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Gretchen Hermes at (510) 486-5006 or address below for a User`s Guide. Copies of available papers can be ordered from: Theda Crawford National Center for Electron Microscopy, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, One Cyclotron Rd., MS72, Berkeley, California, USA 94720.

  19. DOCUMENT TITLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hennie

    Department of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, Faculty of Education, University of Pretoria ... management approach that developed during the implementation of the IWB network and what .... questioning, managing class discussions, review of .... case study, using open-ended interviews, field notes and.

  20. Current titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-04-01

    116 abstracts are presented of work done with the electron microscope. NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers (assess is controlled by a steering committee).

  1. (no title)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Anne Elisabeth; Carbone, Claudia

    2014-01-01

    Kommentarer/analyser af bæredygtighedsbegrebet (sustainability) i forskellige projekter og arkitektoniske repræsentationer gengivet i udstillingskataloget: "Behind the Green Door. A Critical Look at Sustainable Architecture through 600 Objects"......Kommentarer/analyser af bæredygtighedsbegrebet (sustainability) i forskellige projekter og arkitektoniske repræsentationer gengivet i udstillingskataloget: "Behind the Green Door. A Critical Look at Sustainable Architecture through 600 Objects"...

  2. Current Titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Various

    2006-06-01

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Jane Cavlina, Administrator, at 510/486-6036.

  3. test title

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Realistic replication of such attacks is necessary to thoroughly test detection and defense mechanisms. The common response to this risk is to...particular user, desired behavior may be to deny service or disrupt connectivity in the experimental network, to test a new worm or to maintain some...scripting environment whose syntax enables specification of control flows that depend on controlled program outputs, thus automating system testing

  4. Content and Phrasing in Titles of Original Research and Review Articles in 2015: Range of Practice in Four Clinical Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Ellen Kerans

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Reporting guidelines for clinical research designs emerged in the mid-1990s and have influenced various aspects of research articles, including titles, which have also been subject to changing uses with the growth of electronic database searching and efforts to reduce bias in literature searches. We aimed (1 to learn more about titles in clinical medicine today and (2 to develop an efficient, reliable way to study titles over time and on the fly—for quick application by authors, manuscript editors, translators and instructors. We compared content and form in titles from two general medical journals—the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM and the British Medical Journal—and two anesthesiology journals (the European Journal of Anaesthesiology and Anesthesiology; we also analyzed the inter-rater reliability of our coding. Significant content differences were found in the frequencies of mentions of methods, results (between general and subspecialty titles, and geographic setting; phrasing differences were found in the prevalence of full-sentence and compound titles (and their punctuation. NEJM titles were significantly shorter, and this journal differed consistently on several features. We conclude that authors must learn to efficiently survey titles for form and content patterns when preparing manuscripts to submit to unfamiliar journals or on resubmitting to a new journal after rejection.

  5. Overlooked and Underpaid: How Title I Shortchanges High Schools, and What ESEA Can Do about It. Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Unfortunately, high schools are an afterthought in Title I, the federal government's primary source of support for educating low-income students. Only 10 percent of Title I funding supports high school students, while high schools educate almost one-fourth of the nation's low-income students. Nearly 1,300 high-poverty high schools are not even…

  6. 76 FR 73985 - Redelegation of Administrative Authority for Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Redelegation of Administrative Authority for Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964... Opportunity (FHEO) supersedes all redelegations of authority under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964... pertaining to civil rights statutes. Included in that consolidated delegation is, all authority to act as...

  7. 76 FR 12926 - Clean Air Act Proposed Interim Approval of Title V Operating Permits Program; Southern Ute Indian...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... cover the Title V Program costs. In addition, the fee schedule contains an initial accounting of how... A. Current Tribal Authority B. Reasonably Severable Title V Program Elements C. Criminal Enforcement..., Renewal, Re-openings and Revisions B. Options for Approval/Disapproval and Implications V. What action...

  8. Management Module: Application Approval. A Study of State Management Practices: Looking Back at Title I and Toward Chapter 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, Kim E.

    Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 made funds available to local education agencies (LEAs) to meet the educational needs of educationally deprived children. In 1981, Title I was superseded by Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act. Five volumes--a final report and four management modules--were the…

  9. Management Module: Enforcement. A Study of State Management Practices: Looking Back at Title I and Toward Chapter 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, Kim E.

    This volume is the fourth module, "Enforcement," of the evaluation report documenting how States met the requirements of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended in 1978, and identifying exemplary State management practices and documents. The module begins with a history of enforcement under Title I up to…

  10. 77 FR 50686 - Notice of Approval of Title V Operating Permit for Peabody Western Coal Company (Navajo Nation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... AGENCY Notice of Approval of Title V Operating Permit for Peabody Western Coal Company (Navajo Nation EPA... 40 C.F.R. Part 71, has issued a federal Clean Air Act Title V operating permit to Peabody Western Coal Company (``Peabody'') governing air emissions from Peabody's mining operation at the Kayenta...

  11. 77 FR 58604 - Social Security Ruling (SSR), 12-1p; Title II: Determining Whether Work Performed in Self...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ... ADMINISTRATION Social Security Ruling (SSR), 12-1p; Title II: Determining Whether Work Performed in Self..., Commissioner of Social Security. Policy Interpretation Ruling Title II: Determining whether work performed in... social programs to be SGA. See 20 CFR 404.1572. Policy Interpretation: For work activity performed...

  12. 25 CFR 166.214 - Will the BIA notify the permittee of any change in land title status?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Will the BIA notify the permittee of any change in land title status? 166.214 Section 166.214 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND... permittee of any change in land title status? Yes. We will notify the permittee if a fee patent is issued...

  13. 77 FR 43640 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 12-2p; Titles II and XVI: Evaluation of Fibromyalgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION Social Security Ruling, SSR 12-2p; Titles II and XVI: Evaluation of Fibromyalgia AGENCY: Social... determinable impairment of fibromyalgia, and how we evaluate fibromyalgia in disability claims and continuing... Interpretation Ruling Titles II and XVI: Evaluation of Fibromyalgia Purpose: This Social Security Ruling...

  14. 33 CFR 187.105 - What information on titled vessels must be collected and what may be collected?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SYSTEM Information to be Collected by Participating States § 187.105 What information on titled vessels... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What information on titled vessels must be collected and what may be collected? 187.105 Section 187.105 Navigation and...

  15. 20 CFR 667.200 - What general fiscal and administrative rules apply to the use of WIA title I funds?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the prosecution of claims against the Federal Government, including appeals to an Administrative Law... workplace requirements. All WIA title I grant recipients and subrecipients must comply with the government... workplace, codified at 29 CFR part 98. (e) Restrictions on lobbying. All WIA title I grant recipients and...

  16. 76 FR 13643 - FDA Food Safety Modernization Act: Title III-A New Paradigm for Importers; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ...-0144, FDA- 2011-N-0145, and FDA-2011-N-0146] FDA Food Safety Modernization Act: Title III--A New... meeting entitled ``FDA Food Safety Modernization Act: Title III--A New Paradigm for Importers.'' The... the import safety provisions of the recently enacted FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). FDA is...

  17. Comparison of the Effect of Using Title Keyword Searching and Subject Headings among the 10 Divisions of Dewey Decimal Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Shu-En

    Bibliographic records taken from books listed in "OCLC Selected Titles for Research and University Libraries" are used to determine whether the use of terms in the title for subject searching is an effective alternative to the use of Library of Congress subject headings among the 10 divisions of Dewey Decimal Classification. Terms in…

  18. 20 CFR 667.210 - What administrative cost limits apply to Workforce Investment Act title I grants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Workforce Investment Act title I grants? 667.210 Section 667.210 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... reserved for local administrative costs needs to be allocated back to the individual funding streams. (b) Limits on administrative costs for programs operated under subtitle D of title I will be identified...

  19. 20 CFR 667.220 - What Workforce Investment Act title I functions and activities constitute the costs of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... functions and coordination of those functions under WIA title I: (i) Accounting, budgeting, financial and... LABOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Administrative Rules... identified in paragraph (b) of this section and which are not related to the direct provision of...

  20. Мотив искушений в драме Флобера «Искушение святого Антония» Le motif des tentations dans La Tentation de saint Antoine de Flaubert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Modina

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Beaucoup d’œuvres de Flaubert ont des traits autobiographiques, mais c’est seulement avec le personnage de son drame philosophique La Tentation de saint Antoine que Flaubert s’identifie vraiment. L’image de saint Antoine accompagna l’écrivain pendant presque trente ans et se retrouve dans ses œuvres aux moments critiques de sa vie. Cependant, La Tentation de saint Antoine demeure l’un des drames les plus méconnus de Flaubert dans la critique littéraire russe. Cet article est un essai sur l’œuvre de Flaubert vue à travers le prisme du motif de la tentation. Celui-ci organise le contenu du drame et se développe de façon particulière dans ses différentes versions. Les deux premières datant de 1849 et 1856, et la version finale étant de 1874. Dans les premières versions de La Tentation de saint Antoine Flaubert montre de façon très visible le processus de transformation d’un homme mortel en Créateur. La formation de l’Artiste se déroule comme un sacrement mystérieux ressemblant aux anciens rituels. Les trois parties du drame, ainsi que leur enchaînement, rappellent les mystères d’Eleusis. Ici, les tentations sont des appels à l’abandon de la foi et de la possibilité de créer. La troisième version du drame est construite sur les motifs de la connaissance et de la foi, ainsi que de la vérité et du dogme. L’idée de la tentation est de décourager la recherche de la vérité. Le motif des tentations est très étroitement lié à la recherche de l’identité du personnage qui se veut Artiste. L’expérience intérieure de Flaubert se reflète dans les trois versions du drame : l’élimination de la vision tragique de l’antithèse « matériel et idéal », le passage du mysticisme de Pascal au panthéisme esthétique. Cette œuvre est l’histoire du développement de l’identité artistique de Flaubert où les tentations sont des éléments nécessaires à l’Artiste pour la connaissance de

  1. Social Titles in English Language%英语中的社交称呼语

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董银秀

    2004-01-01

    Address forms are common phenomena in human verbal communication in daily life and universal across cultures. The number of social titles in English language is limited, but they are used broadly in social interactions. The common English social titles include Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms, Sir, Madam, Lady etc., their evolutions and usages will be elaborated in this paper.%称呼语是人类日常言语交际中的普遍现象,存在于任何文化当中.英语语言中通用的社交称呼包括Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms, Sir, Madam, Lady等,详细阐述了这些称呼语各自的特点及其用法、演化.

  2. TITLE III EVALUATION REPORT FOR THE MATERIAL AND PERSONNEL HANDLING SYSTEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    T. A. Misiak

    1998-05-21

    This Title III Evaluation Report (TER) provides the results of an evaluation that was conducted on the Material and Personnel Handling System. This TER has been written in accordance with the ''Technical Document Preparation Plan for the Mined Geologic Disposal System Title III Evaluation Reports'' (BA0000000-01717-4600-00005 REV 03). The objective of this evaluation is to provide recommendations to ensure consistency between the technical baseline requirements, baseline design, and the as-constructed Material and Personnel Handling System. Recommendations for resolving discrepancies between the as-constructed system, the technical baseline requirements, and the baseline design are included in this report. Cost and Schedule estimates are provided for all recommended modifications.

  3. Title list of documents made publicly available, January 1-31, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. The docketed information in the Title List includes the information formerly issued through the Department of Energy publication Power Reactor Docket Information, last published in January 1979. NRC documents that are publicly available may be examined without charge at the NRC Public Document Room (PDR). Duplicate copies in paper, microfiche, or (selectively) diskette, may be obtained for a fee.

  4. Title list of documents made publicly available, February 1-28, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morris, E.B.

    1998-04-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) non-docketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. The docketed information contained in the Title List includes the information formerly issued through the Department of Energy publication Power Reactor Docket Information, last published in January 1979.

  5. Interaction between Titles 2 and 3 of the Clean Air Act as amended, 1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Szpunar, C.B.

    1996-02-01

    This report examines Some issues that would I affect the refining industry if the requirements for hazardous air pollutants set out in Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments were to impede the market entrance of oxygenated fuels, as me; required by Title II. It describes the mandate for reformulated gasoline; considers gasoline characteristics in light of component shifts in refining; examines the supply of, demand for, and cost of various feedstocks and blendstocks; and identifies the emissions and atmospheric impacts that might result from the production and use of reformulated gasoline. Attention is focused on methanol and MTBE, two potential blendstocks that are also hazardous air pollutants, and on maximum achievable control technology standards, which might be applied to the stationary sources that produce them.

  6. An Introduction to the Book Titled Nature of Computation and Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phan Cong Vinh

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We introduce the book with the title of “Nature of Computation and Communication” edited by Prof. Phan Cong Vinh, Dr. Emil Vassev and Prof Mike Hinchey, and published by Springer in 2015 to scientists, researchers, professionals and students in the field of computing. Hopefully, they will find this book provoking for their research related to hot topics of computing and being useful to their future work.

  7. The disputation of the astronomer Christoph Scheiner (German Title: Die Disputatio des Astronomen Christoph Scheiner)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daxecker, Franz

    The newly found print "Theses Theologicae" is Christoph Scheiner's disputation, which took place on June 30, 1609. The title page contains Scheiner's name, presenting him as the author who is responsible for (respondente) 50 theses. The theses deal with the Summa theologica of Saint Thomas Aquinas: Nature of God, Creation, Morality, Canon Law, Grace, Faith, Justice, Devotion to Godd and the Saints, Divine Word and Sacraments.

  8. On Translation of English Film Titles%英文电影片名翻译

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张欢

    2012-01-01

    电影这种艺术形式非常容易被各种文化层次的观众所接受。观众对于电影的第一印象来自片名,电影片名隐含着独特的本国文化。优秀电影片名译作是对文化与信息传递和实现商业价值的前提条件之一。本文通过分析英文电影片名翻译的方法和技巧,指出在翻译的过程中,可以根据具体情况,采用直译、意译、音译这三种翻译方法。%Movie,as an art form,is easily accepted by audiences of various cultural levels.The audience gets the first impression of a film from its title which involves much of their native culture.Good translations of the film titles can not only attract more audience to realize its commercial value,but also be one of prerequisites that make sure the culture and information pass on.The paper mainly discussed the translation of English movie titles,with the consideration of culture,recognizes the distinctions of cultures and languages between English and Chinese.The author draws a conclusion that,in the process of translation,according to the specific circumstances,there are three methods of translation of English film titles,which are literal translation,free translation and transliteration.

  9. Ruyi Dyeing & Printing Company awarded the Title of Top 10 Again

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The list of 2008 Top 1O Dyeing&Printing Companieswas unveiled in Beijing recently.Shandong Ruyi was awardedthis title again by China Dyeing&Printing Association.Under the impact of global financial crisis,Ruyi madegreat effort to improve quality and reduce the cost,and establishits brand name in African market.It is reported thatVIVI WEX brand dyeing fabric of this company is popular in

  10. Title list of documents made publicly available, November 1-30, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index and a Report Number Index. The docketed information contained in the Title List includes the information formerly issued through the Department of Energy publication Power Reactor Docker Information, last published in January 1979. NRC documents that are publicly available may be examined without charge at the NRC Public Document Room (PDR). Duplicate copies may be obtained for a fee. Standing orders for certain categories of documents are also available. Clients may search for and order desired titles through the PDR computerized Bibliographic Retrieval System, which is accessible both at the PDR and remotely. The PDR is staffed by professional technical librarians, who provide reference assistance to users.

  11. 龙与年号%The Chinese Dragon and the Rein Titles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆云

    2000-01-01

    The Chinese dragon is a prevalent political symbol in Chinese culture which cannot be seen in any other country. The political flavor of Chinese dragon culture finds its expressions in three respects: 1) the special relationship between dragon and the emperors, the latter being sons of Heaven; 2) dragon being regarded as the symbol d emperors and the taboos associated with it; and 3) the reign titles. Many emperors had a special preference for a reign title named with the Chinese word “dragon”. In Chinese history, there were fourteen such reign titles altogether.%中国龙具有明显的政治性,这是其他国家的龙所没有的。中国龙文化的政治性表现在三方面:一是认为龙与帝王特殊的关系,帝王被视为真龙天子;二是龙被视为帝王的象征,有种种禁忌;三是表现在年号上,不少帝王喜用带有“龙”字的年号,历史上共有带“龙”字的14个年号。

  12. Should Title 24 Ventilation Requirements Be Amended to include an Indoor Air Quality Procedure?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dutton, Spencer M.; Mendell, Mark J.; Chan, Wanyu R.

    2013-05-13

    Minimum outdoor air ventilation rates (VRs) for buildings are specified in standards, including California?s Title 24 standards. The ASHRAE ventilation standard includes two options for mechanically-ventilated buildings ? a prescriptive ventilation rate procedure (VRP) that specifies minimum VRs that vary among occupancy classes, and a performance-based indoor air quality procedure (IAQP) that may result in lower VRs than the VRP, with associated energy savings, if IAQ meeting specified criteria can be demonstrated. The California Energy Commission has been considering the addition of an IAQP to the Title 24 standards. This paper, based on a review of prior data and new analyses of the IAQP, evaluates four future options for Title 24: no IAQP; adding an alternate VRP, adding an equivalent indoor air quality procedure (EIAQP), and adding an improved ASHRAE-like IAQP. Criteria were established for selecting among options, and feedback was obtained in a workshop of stakeholders. Based on this review, the addition of an alternate VRP is recommended. This procedure would allow lower minimum VRs if a specified set of actions were taken to maintain acceptable IAQ. An alternate VRP could also be a valuable supplement to ASHRAE?s ventilation standard.

  13. Solid Waste Operations Complex W-113, Detail Design Report (Title II). Volume 3: Specifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The Solid Waste Retrieval Facility--Phase 1 (Project W113) will provide the infrastructure and the facility required to retrieve from Trench 04, Burial ground 4C, contact handled (CH) drums and boxes at a rate that supports all retrieved TRU waste batching, treatment, storage, and disposal plans. This includes (1) operations related equipment and facilities, viz., a weather enclosure for the trench, retrieval equipment, weighing, venting, obtaining gas samples, overpacking, NDE, NDA, shipment of waste and (2) operations support related facilities, viz., a general office building, a retrieval staff change facility, and infrastructure upgrades such as supply and routing of water, sewer, electrical power, fire protection, roads, and telecommunication. Title I design for the operations related equipment and facilities was performed by Raytheon/BNFL, and that for the operations support related facilities including infrastructure upgrade was performed by KEH. These two scopes were combined into an integrated W113 Title II scope that was performed by Raytheon/BNFL. Volume 3 is a compilation of the construction specifications that will constitute the Title II materials and performance specifications. This volume contains CSI specifications for non-equipment related construction material type items, performance type items, and facility mechanical equipment items. Data sheets are provided, as necessary, which specify the equipment overall design parameters.

  14. Collection-based analysis of selected medical libraries in the Philippines using Doody’s Core Titles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Efren

    2017-01-01

    Objectives This study assessed the book collection of five selected medical libraries in the Philippines, based on Doodys’ Essential Purchase List for basic sciences and clinical medicine, to compare the match and non-match titles among libraries, to determine the strong and weak disciplines of each library, and to explore the factors that contributed to the percentage of match and non-match titles. Method List checking was employed as the method of research. Results Among the medical libraries, De La Salle Health Sciences Institute and University of Santo Tomas had the highest percentage of match titles, whereas Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health had the lowest percentage of match titles. University of the Philippines Manila had the highest percentage of near-match titles. Conclusion De La Salle Health Sciences Institute and University of Santo Tomas had sound medical collections based on Doody’s Core Titles. Collectively, the medical libraries shared common collection development priorities, as evidenced by similarities in strong areas. Library budget and the role of the library director in book selection were among the factors that could contribute to a high percentage of match titles. PMID:28096742

  15. Words Matter: The Impact of “Catchy” vs Conventional Course Titles on Student Interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Flaherty

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Anecdotal evidence suggests that post-secondary institutions in Canada and beyond are experimenting with the practice of substituting conventional, discipline-centred course titles with more creatively phrased, learner-centred titles. However, we could find no scholarly research to affirm, challenge or guide this practice. This study represents a preliminary foray into that research. We surveyed 368 business undergraduate and graduate students at a mid-sized Canadian university to address, and explore the implications of, this question: "Does a catchy course title elicit more student interest than its conventional counterpart?" Our findings provide some, but not unqualified, support for the practice of using catchy course titles as a way of attracting student interest. We found the most significant influence on student preference toward conventional or catchy course titles to be year of registration (first year and fourth year students showed the most interest in catchy course titles; graduate students and those registered in second and third year showed a preference for conventional course titles. Implications regarding marketing and pedagogy are discussed, as is the need for further research. Des preuves non scientifiques sembleraient suggérer que les établissements d’enseignement supérieur du Canada et au-delà sont en train d’essayer de substituer les titres de cours conventionnels centrés sur la discipline par des titres centrés sur l’apprenant et formulés de façon plus créatrice. Toutefois, nous n’avons trouvé aucune recherche savante qui pourrait affirmer, mettre au défi ou guider cette pratique. Cette étude représente une expérience préliminaire dans cette recherche. Nous avons fait un sondage auprès de 368 étudiants de premier cycle et de cycles supérieurs en administration des affaires dans une université canadienne de taille moyenne afin d’explorer les implications de la question suivante : « Est-ce qu

  16. Characterization of some previously unclassified "Pasteurella" spp. obtained from the oral cavity of dogs and cats and description of a new species tentatively classified with the family Pasteurellaceae Pohl 1981 and provisionally called taxon 16.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisgaard, M; Mutters, R

    1986-06-01

    The taxonomic relationship of 23 unclassified canine and feline strains of Pasteurellaceae and five strains received as Pasteurella spp. or Haemophilus influenzae-murium was investigated by phenotypic and genetic characterization. Eleven strains were classified with four recently described species of genus Pasteurella sensu stricto. Fourteen canine and feline strains formed a homogeneous group, tentatively designated taxon 16. Both phenotypic characters and mol% G + C in DNA and genome size indicate classification of taxon 16 with genus Pasteurella. DNA/DNA hybridizations, however, failed to locate taxon 16 on genus level with accepted or proposed species of the family Pasteurellaceae Pohl 1981. Two additional species obtained from rats and mice remained unclassified, in addition to a human isolate obtained from a dog-bite. The necessity of detailed phenotypic characterization within the family Pasteurellaceae Pohl 1981 needs to be stressed.

  17. 浅谈化学药品新药试行标准转正工作的体会%Understanding of Regularization of the Tentative Standard for New Chemical Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张平; 姜典卓

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨药品标准分类及管理情况,为顺利完成化学药品新药试行标准转正工作提供参考。方法总结我国药品标准分类的历史沿革,阐明化学药品新药试行标准转正工作的背景和意义。分析了化学药品新药试行标准转正工作涉及的各种情况,包括:已经收载于《中国药典》的品种;已有新国标的品种;经过修订提高标准的品种;部分厂家已有国标的品种和未有国标品种的处理原则。结果与结论通过药品标准转正工作,药品标准的标准化管理优势将进一步得到体现,但暂时未能彻底解决统一药品标准的问题,在一定时间内,还存在着同一品种不同标准的局面。国家相关部门应持续开展药品标准提高修订与统一工作,形成健全的药品标准体系,为药品生产企业创建公平的市场竞争环境,以药品质量的提高确保人民用药的安全有效。%Objective To discuss classification and management of drug standards and provide a reference for regularization of the tentative standard of new chemical medicines.Methods The evolution history of drug standard classification in our country was summarized.The background and significance of regularization of the tentative standard of new chemical medicines were clarified.The various situations involved in regularization of the tentative standard of new chemical medicines were analyzed,including drugs recorded in China Pharmacopoeia,drugs with new existing national standards,drugs with revised and improved standards,drugs with existing national standards produced by certain manufacturers and management principles for drugs with no national standards. Results and Conclusion Through the regularization work for the tentative standard, standardization management advantages will be further reflected,but for the moment,the problem of disunity of standards has not yet been completely solved and there exist different

  18. On tentative decommissioning cost analysis with specific authentic cost calculations with the application of the Omega code on a case linked to the Intermediate storage facility for spent fuel in Sweden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasko, Marek; Daniska, Vladimir; Ondra, Frantisek; Bezak, Peter; Kristofova, Kristina; Tatransky, Peter; Zachar, Matej [DECOM Slovakia, spol. s.r.o., J. Bottu 2, SK-917 01 Trnava (Slovakia); Lindskog, Staffan [Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2007-03-15

    The presented report is focused on tentative calculations of basic decommissioning parameters such as costs, manpower and exposure of personnel for activities of older nuclear facility decommissioning in Sweden represented by Intermediate storage facility for spent fuel in Studsvik, by means of calculation code OMEGA. This report continuously follows up two previous projects, which described methodology of cost estimates of decommissioning with an emphasis to derive cost functions for alpha contaminated material and implementation of the advanced decommissioning costing methodology for Intermediate Storage facility for Spent Fuel in Studsvik. The main purpose of the presented study is to demonstrate the trial application of the advanced costing methodology using OMEGA code for Intermediate Storage Facility for Spent Fuel in Studsvik. Basic work packages presented in report are as follows: 1. Analysis and validation input data on Intermediate Storage Facility for Spent Fuel and assemble a database suitable for standardised decommissioning cost calculations including radiological parameters, 2. Proposal of range of decommissioning calculations and define an extent of decommissioning activities, 3. Defining waste management scenarios for particular material waste streams from Intermediate Storage Facility for Spent Fuel, 4. Developing standardised cost calculation structure applied for Intermediate Storage Facility for Spent Fuel decommissioning calculation and 5. Performing tentative decommissioning calculations for Intermediate Storage Facility for Spent Fuel by OMEGA code. Calculated parameters of decommissioning are presented in structure according to Proposed Standardized List of Items for Costing Purposes. All parameters are documented and summed up in both table and graphic forms in text and Annexes. The presented report documents availability and applicability of methodology for evaluation of costs and other parameters of decommissioning in a form implemented

  19. Title III Accountability and District Improvement Efforts: A Closer Look. ESEA Evaluation Brief: The English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanenbaum, Courtney; Anderson, Lindsay

    2010-01-01

    "Title III Accountability and District Improvement Efforts: A Closer Look" (2010) summarizes findings from interviews with six Title III Directors and nine Title III district-level directors in the spring of 2009. States and districts were selected in order to collect information from some entities with a long history of serving English…

  20. Big Men on Campus: Administrative Response to Title IX and the Development of Women's Sports in the Big Ten Conference, 1972-1982

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsey, Jeffrey T.

    2014-01-01

    Signed into law in 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendments was designed to eliminate gender discrimination throughout the American educational system. Title IX applied to all educational programs at any level of schooling including admissions, financial aid, academic programs, and social organizations. However, Title IX has primarily been…

  1. 78 FR 22361 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations of Unfairness, Prejudice, Partiality, Bias, Misconduct, or Discrimination by Administrative...

  2. 78 FR 8217 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations of Unfairness, Prejudice, Partiality, Bias, Misconduct, or Discrimination by Administrative...

  3. 78 FR 9987 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations of Unfairness, Prejudice, Partiality, Bias, Misconduct, or Discrimination by Administrative...

  4. 20 CFR 667.400 - Who is responsible for oversight and monitoring of WIA title I grants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT... the applicable cost principles indicated at 29 CFR 97.22(b) or 29 CFR 95.27, for all...

  5. Collection-based analysis of selected medical libraries in the Philippines using Doody’s Core Titles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efren Torres Jr., MLIS

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: De La Salle Health Sciences Institute and University of Santo Tomas had sound medical collections based on Doody’s Core Titles. Collectively, the medical libraries shared common collection development priorities, as evidenced by similarities in strong areas. Library budget and the role of the library director in book selection were among the factors that could contributed to a high percentage of match titles.

  6. Offshore oil and gas and coastal British Columbia : Aboriginal rights, title and interests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, D. [First Nations Summit, West Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    This presentation discussed the legal duty of offshore proponents in the oil and gas industry to consult with Aboriginal nations. The Crown court's support for Aboriginal title to ocean areas within proposed offshore regions was also discussed, and Aboriginal rights to manage ocean resources were outlined. Haida and Taku River Tlingit legal decisions have confirmed both a constitutional and fiduciary duty for the Crown to consult with Aboriginal nations who assert their rights or title to lands subject to development. Resource rights granted without meaningful consultation with Aboriginal nations can be challenged, which may result in legal and financial liability for resource companies. A consultative process that addresses ownership, capacity and benefit sharing must be developed so that Aboriginal governments can participate in the design and development of appropriate fiscal and regulatory regimes. The developed regime must consider benefit and revenue sharing, as well as the integration of traditional knowledge within western science for the lifetime of any project. All decision-making bodies must include participation from Aboriginal groups. Mechanisms must also be developed to mitigate the environmental and socio-economic consequences of resource development. Impact and benefit agreements must be negotiated with coastal nations. Dissatisfaction with the concept of consultation processes has led first nations to reconsider the role that they must play in ensuring that oil and gas developments in the coastal regions of British Columbia do not negatively impact on their communities. It was noted that Inuit land claims reserve special rights for the Inuit over 18,800 miles of tidal waters. Earlier attempts by Aboriginal societies to assert their right to control their own ocean resources free from governmental interference were also discussed. It was concluded that litigation of Aboriginal rights and title poses serious challenges to offshore oil and gas

  7. Title list of documents made publicly available: October 1--31, 1994. Volume 16, Number 10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  8. Title list of documents made publicly available: February 1--29, 1996. Volume 18, Number 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  9. Title list of documents made publicly available. Volume 16, Number 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-07-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  10. Title list of documents made publicly available: May 1--31, 1997. Volume 19, Number 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) non-docketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  11. Title list of documents made publicly available, April 1-30, 1995. Volume 17, No. 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This document is NUREG-0540, Volume 17, Number 4. The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication, It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US NRC. This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials, and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by the NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which the NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a personal author index, a corporate source index, and a report number index.

  12. Title list of documents made pulicly available, March 1-31, 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morris, E.B.

    1997-05-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes: (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) non-docketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  13. Title list of documents made publicly available, March 1--31, 1998. Volume 20, Number 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a personal author index, a corporate source index, and a report number index.

  14. Title list of documents made publicly available, December 1--31, 1993, Volume 15, No. 12

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-02-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  15. Title list of documents made publicly available. Volume 17, No. 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (3) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  16. A/E/C Graphics Standard: Release 2.0 (formerly titled CAD Drafting Standard)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    ER D C/ IT L TR -1 2- 1 The CAD /BIM Technology Center for facilities, infrastructure, and environment A/E/C Graphics Standard Release...2.0 (formerly titled CAD Drafting Standard) In fo rm at io n Te ch no lo gy L ab or at or y Stephen C. Spangler August 2015 Approved for...To search for other technical reports published by ERDC, visit the ERDC online library at http://acwc.sdp.sirsi.net/client/default. The CAD /BIM

  17. Title list of documents made publicly available. Volume 17, No. 7

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  18. Title list of documents made publicly available, September 1-30, 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  19. Title list of documents made publicly available, January 1, 1997--January 31, 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-04-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) non-docketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  20. Title list of documents made publicly available, May 1-31, 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morris, E.B.

    1996-07-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed, material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) non-docketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index and a Report Number Index.

  1. Solid Waste Operations Complex W-113, Detail Design Report (Title II). Volume 4: Project cost estimate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The Solid Waste Retrieval Facility--Phase 1 (Project W113) will provide the infrastructure and the facility required to retrieve from Trench 04, Burial ground 4C, contact handled (CH) drums and boxes at a rate that supports all retrieved TRU waste batching, treatment, storage, and disposal plans. This includes (1) operations related equipment and facilities, viz., a weather enclosure for the trench, retrieval equipment, weighing, venting, obtaining gas samples, overpacking, NDE, NDA, shipment of waste and (2) operations support related facilities, viz., a general office building, a retrieval staff change facility, and infrastructure upgrades such as supply and routing of water, sewer, electrical power, fire protection, roads, and telecommunication. Title I design for the operations related equipment and facilities was performed by Raytheon/BNFL, and that for the operations support related facilities including infrastructure upgrade was performed by KEH. These two scopes were combined into an integrated W113 Title II scope that was performed by Raytheon/BNFL. This volume represents the total estimated costs for the W113 facility. Operating Contractor Management costs have been incorporated as received from WHC. The W113 Facility TEC is $19.7 million. This includes an overall project contingency of 14.4% and escalation of 17.4%. A January 2001 construction contract procurement start date is assumed.

  2. Generating Poetry Title Based on Semantic Relevance with Convolutional Neural Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Z.; Niu, K.; He, Z. Q.

    2017-09-01

    Several approaches have been proposed to automatically generate Chinese classical poetry (CCP) in the past few years, but automatically generating the title of CCP is still a difficult problem. The difficulties are mainly reflected in two aspects. First, the words used in CCP are very different from modern Chinese words and there are no valid word segmentation tools. Second, the semantic relevance of characters in CCP not only exists in one sentence but also exists between the same positions of adjacent sentences, which is hard to grasp by the traditional text summarization models. In this paper, we propose an encoder-decoder model for generating the title of CCP. Our model encoder is a convolutional neural network (CNN) with two kinds of filters. To capture the commonly used words in one sentence, one kind of filters covers two characters horizontally at each step. The other covers two characters vertically at each step and can grasp the semantic relevance of characters between adjacent sentences. Experimental results show that our model is better than several other related models and can capture the semantic relevance of CCP more accurately.

  3. Title, Description, and Subject are the Most Important Metadata Fields for Keyword Discoverability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Costello

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A Review of: Yang, L. (2016. Metadata effectiveness in internet discovery: An analysis of digital collection metadata elements and internet search engine keywords. College & Research Libraries, 77(1, 7-19. http://doi.org/10.5860/crl.77.1.7 Objective – To determine which metadata elements best facilitate discovery of digital collections. Design – Case study. Setting – A public research university serving over 32,000 graduate and undergraduate students in the Southwestern United States of America. Subjects – A sample of 22,559 keyword searches leading to the institution’s digital repository between August 1, 2013, and July 31, 2014. Methods – The author used Google Analytics to analyze 73,341 visits to the institution’s digital repository. He determined that 22,559 of these visits were due to keyword searches. Using Random Integer Generator, the author identified a random sample of 378 keyword searches. The author then matched the keywords with the Dublin Core and VRA Core metadata elements on the landing page in the digital repository to determine which metadata field had drawn the keyword searcher to that particular page. Many of these keywords matched to more than one metadata field, so the author also analyzed the metadata elements that generated unique keyword hits and those fields that were frequently matched together. Main Results – Title was the most matched metadata field with 279 matched keywords from searches. Description and Subject were also significant fields with 208 and 79 matches respectively. Slightly more than half of the results, 195 keywords, matched the institutional repository in one field only. Both Title and Description had significant match rates both independently and in conjunction with other elements, but Subject keywords were the sole match in only three of the sampled cases. Conclusion – The Dublin Core elements of Title, Description, and Subject were the most frequently matched fields in keyword

  4. To Reward Services with Honors: the Growth of the Nobility Titled in the Reigns of Philip IV and Charles II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Mar FELICES DE LA FUENTE

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available During the seventeenth century, the nobility titled ceased to be a select and limited group for to open up gradually to new members, even without a noble origin, who were able to achieve a nobility title trough diverses systems that were established for it. Although there are few studies about the creation of these honors during this century, it seems that until the reign of Philip IV, the nobility titles were granted mainly to firstborns and younger sons of the main noble Houses. However, since then and especially in the reign of Charles II, the policy of creating nobility titles varied significantly by the large increase they experienced, and because in large part they were awarded to whom offered the money as the main merit. In this study, based on existing studies and consultation of unpublished documents, we analyze, among other things, the change that the top of the privileged class experienced during this period, the merits that were rewarded with grants so precious, and the new elites who managed to get this honors. Although there were new graduates who responded to the traditional concept of nobility, there were also nobility titles that were granted to people with dark or uncertain origins, who had served to the Crown only with the «merit» of money.

  5. THE ACTIVITIES PERMITTED TO CREDIT INSTITUTIONS. PROMISSORY NOTES: TITLE CREDIT UNDER PRIVATE SIGNATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Rodica ȚÎRLEA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The promissory note represents credit title under private signature, which is regulated by the Law no.58 / 1934 on bills of exchange and promissory notes, subsequently amended by Law no. 83/1994. The promissory note is a cashless payment instrument that takes the form of a printed double sided, on which is labeled information according to the regulations of NBR. Promissory notes issued by the NBR Printing and are approved by Department of Payment and Settlement Bank. In practice, the promissory note is used as cashless payment instrument which necessarily contains the name of the payer and the payee, and it represents unconditional order to pay a specified amount at a certain place at a precise date. The promissory note represents the solution to fluidize commercial transactions.

  6. Science Scores in Title I Elementary Schools in North Georgia: A Project Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frias, Ramon

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)'s emphasis of reading, language arts, and mathematics (RLA&M) and its de-emphasis of science has been a source of great concern among educators. Through an objectivist and constructionist framework, this study explored the unforeseen effects of the NCLB on public science education among Title I (TI) and non-Title I (NTI) students. The research questions focused on the effects of NCLB on Criterion Referenced Competency Test (CRCT) scores in the high-stakes subjects of reading, language arts, mathematics and the low stakes subject of science among TI and NTI 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students in a north Georgia County during the 2010/2011 school year. This study also compared instructional time TI and NTI teachers dedicated to science. A causal-comparative quantitative methodology was used to analyze Georgia's public domain CRCT scores. Three independent-samples t tests showed that TI schools exhibited significantly lower Science CRCT scores than did NTI students at all grade levels (p indicated no significant differences between TI and NTI teachers' instructional science time (t (107) = 1.49, p = 0.137). A teacher development project was designed to focus on improving teacher science content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge through a formal introduction to the nature of science. With increasing global science competition, science is more relevant than ever, and communities need students with strong science foundations. Further study is recommended to analyze the factors associated with this science gap between TI and NTI students.

  7. Objective and automated protocols for the evaluation of biomedical search engines using No Title Evaluation protocols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campagne Fabien

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The evaluation of information retrieval techniques has traditionally relied on human judges to determine which documents are relevant to a query and which are not. This protocol is used in the Text Retrieval Evaluation Conference (TREC, organized annually for the past 15 years, to support the unbiased evaluation of novel information retrieval approaches. The TREC Genomics Track has recently been introduced to measure the performance of information retrieval for biomedical applications. Results We describe two protocols for evaluating biomedical information retrieval techniques without human relevance judgments. We call these protocols No Title Evaluation (NT Evaluation. The first protocol measures performance for focused searches, where only one relevant document exists for each query. The second protocol measures performance for queries expected to have potentially many relevant documents per query (high-recall searches. Both protocols take advantage of the clear separation of titles and abstracts found in Medline. We compare the performance obtained with these evaluation protocols to results obtained by reusing the relevance judgments produced in the 2004 and 2005 TREC Genomics Track and observe significant correlations between performance rankings generated by our approach and TREC. Spearman's correlation coefficients in the range of 0.79–0.92 are observed comparing bpref measured with NT Evaluation or with TREC evaluations. For comparison, coefficients in the range 0.86–0.94 can be observed when evaluating the same set of methods with data from two independent TREC Genomics Track evaluations. We discuss the advantages of NT Evaluation over the TRels and the data fusion evaluation protocols introduced recently. Conclusion Our results suggest that the NT Evaluation protocols described here could be used to optimize some search engine parameters before human evaluation. Further research is needed to determine if NT

  8. Objective and automated protocols for the evaluation of biomedical search engines using No Title Evaluation protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campagne, Fabien

    2008-01-01

    Background The evaluation of information retrieval techniques has traditionally relied on human judges to determine which documents are relevant to a query and which are not. This protocol is used in the Text Retrieval Evaluation Conference (TREC), organized annually for the past 15 years, to support the unbiased evaluation of novel information retrieval approaches. The TREC Genomics Track has recently been introduced to measure the performance of information retrieval for biomedical applications. Results We describe two protocols for evaluating biomedical information retrieval techniques without human relevance judgments. We call these protocols No Title Evaluation (NT Evaluation). The first protocol measures performance for focused searches, where only one relevant document exists for each query. The second protocol measures performance for queries expected to have potentially many relevant documents per query (high-recall searches). Both protocols take advantage of the clear separation of titles and abstracts found in Medline. We compare the performance obtained with these evaluation protocols to results obtained by reusing the relevance judgments produced in the 2004 and 2005 TREC Genomics Track and observe significant correlations between performance rankings generated by our approach and TREC. Spearman's correlation coefficients in the range of 0.79–0.92 are observed comparing bpref measured with NT Evaluation or with TREC evaluations. For comparison, coefficients in the range 0.86–0.94 can be observed when evaluating the same set of methods with data from two independent TREC Genomics Track evaluations. We discuss the advantages of NT Evaluation over the TRels and the data fusion evaluation protocols introduced recently. Conclusion Our results suggest that the NT Evaluation protocols described here could be used to optimize some search engine parameters before human evaluation. Further research is needed to determine if NT Evaluation or variants of these

  9. A Tentative Detection of a Starspot During Consecutive Transits of an Extrasolar Planet from the Ground: No Evidence of a Double Transiting Planet System Around TrES-1

    CERN Document Server

    Dittmann, Jason A; Green, Elizabeth M; Fenwick, Mike

    2009-01-01

    There have been numerous reports of anomalies during transits of the planet TrES-1b. Recently, Rabus and coworkers' analysis of HST observations lead them to claim brightening anomalies during transit might be caused by either a second transiting planet or a cool starspot. Observations of two consecutive transits are presented here from the University of Arizona's 61-inch Kuiper Telescope on May 12 and May 15, 2008 UT. A 5.4 +/- 1.7 mmag (0.54 +/- 0.17%) brightening anomaly was detected during the first half of the transit on May 12 and again in the second half of the transit on May 15th. We conclude that this is a tentative detection of a r greater than or equal to 6 earth radii starspot rotating on the surface of the star. We suggest that all evidence to date suggest TrES-1 has a spotty surface and there is no need to introduce a second transiting planet in this system to explain these anomalies. We are only able to constrain the rotational period of the star to 40.2 +22.9 -14.6 days, due to previous errors...

  10. Mémoire et imagination chez les aliénistes esquiroliens et dans la troisième version de la Tentation de saint-Antoine de Flaubert : d’un savoir l’autre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Cabanès

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A la suite d’Esquirol dans son traité Des maladies mentales de 1838, ceux que l’on appelait alors les « aliénistes » proposent de nouvelles théories de l’imagination qui, considérées dans leur ensemble, esquissent un cadre épistémique que Flaubert utilise comme cadre rhétorique dans la troisième version de la Tentation de saint-Antoine. Toutefois, l’auteur n’accepte pas l’assimilation de l’état dans lequel se trouve l’artiste lorsqu’il crée à une hallucination pathologique. Il s’oppose en cela à la théorie de Moreau de Tours ; en revanche, il se montre plus proche de la pensée de Brierre de Boismont (et de celle de l’historien Alfred Maury. Par cet usage intelligemment mitigé du cadre épistémique de l’aliénisme contemporain et par l’invention d’une prose poétique dont les soubassements théoriques annoncent certaines conceptions de Freud et de Nietzsche, Flaubert dépasse résolument les esquiroliens.

  11. Nuno Ramos and the visual work: from the baroque syntax to the dadaist allegory in Tables without titles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Pereira Arcuri

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the visual work of Nuno Ramos (1960: from the baroque syntax to the dadaist allegory in Tables without titles (between 1987 and 2008. We have noticed –with respect to the plastic-conceptual aspect –howthe aesthetic features, sometimes similar to the Baroque period (XVII-XVIII centuries, as well as the particularities originatedfrom the stylistic language recurrent inthe technique of the dadaist Merz process (XX century,both echo in Tables without titles. I establish a relation between theaesthetic (representation of the visual object in the constitution of the antiobject with the ephemerality and the daily waste of contemporaneity.

  12. The journal 'chiropractic & osteopathy' changes its title to 'chiropractic & manual therapies'. a new name, a new era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walker Bruce F

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Chiropractic & Osteopathy changes its title to Chiropractic & Manual Therapies in January 2011. This change reflects the expanding base of submissions from clinical scientists interested in the discipline of manual therapy. It is also in accord with the findings of a review of the journal content and a joint venture between the original parent organisation the Chiropractic and Osteopathic College of Australasia and a new partner the European Academy of Chiropractic, which is a subsidiary body of the European Chiropractors' Union. The title change should encourage submissions from all professionals interested in manual therapy including chiropractors, osteopaths, physiotherapists, medical doctors and scientists interested in this field.

  13. The journal 'chiropractic & osteopathy' changes its title to 'chiropractic & manual therapies'. a new name, a new era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Bruce F; French, Simon D; Cameron, Melanie; Perle, Stephen M; Lebouef-Yde, Charlotte; Rubinstein, Sidney M

    2011-01-01

    Chiropractic & Osteopathy changes its title to Chiropractic & Manual Therapies in January 2011. This change reflects the expanding base of submissions from clinical scientists interested in the discipline of manual therapy. It is also in accord with the findings of a review of the journal content and a joint venture between the original parent organisation the Chiropractic and Osteopathic College of Australasia and a new partner the European Academy of Chiropractic, which is a subsidiary body of the European Chiropractors' Union. The title change should encourage submissions from all professionals interested in manual therapy including chiropractors, osteopaths, physiotherapists, medical doctors and scientists interested in this field.

  14. Titles in highly ranked multidisciplinary psychology journals 1966-2011: more words and punctuation marks allow for the communication of more information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whissell, Cynthia

    2013-12-01

    Titles of articles in seven highly ranked multidisciplinary psychology journals for every fifth year between 1966 and 2011 (inclusive) were studied in terms of title length, word length, punctuation density, and word pleasantness, activation, and concreteness (assessed by the Dictionary of Affect in Language). Titles grew longer (by three words) and were more frequently punctuated (by one colon or comma for every other article) between 1966 and 2011. This may reflect the increasing complexity of psychology and satisfy readers' requirements for more specific information. There were significant differences among journals (e.g., titles in the Annual Review of Psychology were scored by the Dictionary of Affect as the most pleasant, and those in Psychological Bulletin as the least pleasant) and among categories of journals (e.g., titles in review journals employed longer words than those in research or association journals). Differences were stable across time and were employed to successfully categorize titles from a validation sample.

  15. A TENTATIVE GUIDE, DIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRAL CALCULUS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BRANT, VINCENT; GERARDI, WILLIAM

    THE COURSE IS INTENDED TO GO BEYOND THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM IN MATHEMATICS AS DESIGNED BY THE COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION BOARD. THE ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM CONSISTS OF A 1-YEAR COURSE COMBINING ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS. PRESUPPOSED HERE ARE--A SEMESTER COURSE IN ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND A THOROUGH KNOWLEDGE OF…

  16. Tentative Techniques against Barriers to Intercultural Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石玉

    2014-01-01

    跨文化交际时通常有四大障碍:民族优越感、刻板印象、言语及非言语因素、压力。如果能建立一个模式,选择一些技巧和练习来帮助学生克服跨文化交际障碍,让他们勇于和外国人交谈,对外语教师是大有益处的。此模式涉及一个定量和定性的教学实验研究。教学实验证明:实验组在经过克服跨文化交际障碍培训之后,在与外国人交流时表现得更好。一些经历性的练习,比如听读目标文化者的自传,是有利于减小民族优越感的;模拟角色扮演,比如像目标文化者那样表现自己,对克服刻板印象有益;做一些因为非言语因素引起的跨文化冲突对话会让学生了解更多的非言语因素;而压力是一个情感因素,只能通过更多的跨文化交际来减小了。%This paper seeks to describe a model for selecting techniques and exercises by experimenting both quantitatively and qualitatively to help students break barriers to intercultural communication.The results indicate that Exercises such as listening to or reading autobiography of people from the target culture contribute to reducing ethnocentrism;simulation role-play, i.e.to behave like a native of the target culture, is useful to the breakthrough of stereotype;dialogues about intercultural conflicts caused by non-verbal language can be made to acquaint students with some non-verbal language.

  17. Namibia: Tentative accord reached on Namibian Independence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-09-01

    The territory of Namibia (formerly South West Africa), which has been ruled by the Republic of South Africa for more than seventy yeras, could become politically independent by June 1989, according to a peace plan agreed to in principle by the governments of South Africa, Angola, and Cuba. If the treaty now under negotiation takes effect and a new Namibian government is formed democratically, Namibia`s important uranium mining company, Roessing Uranium Limited (RUL), is likely to become a highly competitive U3O8 supplier in the international market. Until now, RUL`s marketing efforts - particularly in North America and northern Europe - have been substantially hindered by Namibia`s political association with South Africa. RUL produced over nine million pounds of U3O8 in 1987, making Roessing the world`s second largest producing uranium mine and Namibia the fifth largest uranium producing country in the world. Report Numbers 188 and 189 on the Roessing Project.

  18. A Tentative Analysis on Politeness Principles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹聪骢

    2015-01-01

    Different people hold different views about politeness in communication. To be polite, Leech thinks you should folow Politeness Principle(PP) while Levinson suggests paying attention to others' Face Wants. This paper attempts to shed light on some of the important application of PP in cultures.

  19. Recycling Agent selection and Tentative Specification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-01

    H ratio of the maltenes, though nonlinearly. Other factors have also been noted to affect Pa and P0. These include crude source, oxidation, refinery...anomaly because the three aged asphalts are dit- ferent and probably came from different crude sources. The negative effect in Figures 5, 6, and 7 refers...34 Boscan -Venezualan asphalt. MALTENE SOLVENCY POWER DECREASING- Figure 31. Illustration of the Effect of Maltene Solvent Power on Resistance to Age Hardening

  20. A Tentative Analysis of Translatability and Untranslatability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐越

    2014-01-01

    Translation is a field full of paradoxes. During the long history of their intensive debate, translatability and untranslatability have experienced ebb and flow of people’ s preferences. On the one hand, language should be translatable; on the other hand, owing to the existence of certain differences, language is sometimes not completely translatable. Translatability and untranslatability inseparably exist side by side. The thesis casts an overview of translatability study both at home and abroad, inquires into the bases of translatability and un-translatability from the perspective of functional equivalence, and presents a dialectical analysis of the relationship between the two.

  1. Tentative Detection of the Rotation of Eris

    CERN Document Server

    Roe, H G; Brown, M E

    2008-01-01

    We report a multi-week sequence of B-band photometric measurements of the dwarf planet Eris using the {\\it Swift} satellite. The use of an observatory in low-Earth orbit provides better temporal sampling than is available with a ground-based telescope. We find no compelling evidence for an unusually slow rotation period of multiple days, as has been suggested previously. A $\\sim$1.08 day rotation period is marginally detected at a modest level of statistical confidence ($\\sim$97%). Analysis of the combination of the $Swift$ data with the ground-based B-band measurements of \\citet{2007AJ....133...26R} returns the same period ($\\sim$1.08 day) at a slightly higher statistical confidence ($\\sim$99%).

  2. G-P Gypsum Corporation, Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Petition to Object to a Title V Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  3. Petition for EPA Veto, Revocation or Suspension of Title V Permit No. DE 98AOP-C242 Issued by the Washington Department of Ecology

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  4. Petition for the Administrator to Object to Title V Operating Permit for Fort Smallwood Complex Brandon Shores and H.A. Wagner Generating Stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the Title V air operating permit regulations. This document is part of the Title V Petition Database available at www2.epa.gov/title-v-operating-permits/title-v-petition-database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  5. The Effects of Comprehensive Vocabulary Instruction on Title I Students' Metacognitive Word-Learning Skills and Reading Comprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubliner, Shira; Smetana, Linda

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the effects of a multifaceted, metacognitive vocabulary intervention on the reading comprehension and vocabulary achievement of fifth-grade children in one of California's lowest performing Title I schools. Instruction was comprehensive, designed to facilitate encoding of student-selected words, mastery of clarifying…

  6. Final Report of the Evaluation of the 1970-71 Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy. ESEA Title I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Edsel; Wortham, James

    The objective of the Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy, funded under Title I of the Elementary Secondary Education Act of 1965, is to help students to stay in school or to help dropouts to return to school, or enter the world of work prepared and motivated to adjust and achieve satisfactorily. The major evaluation objectives of this…

  7. Title list, publicly available documents: Three Mile Island Unit 1, Docket 50-289 - cumulated to November 16, 1979

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-01-01

    This title list of publicly available documents pertaining to Three Mile Island Unit 1, Docket 50-289, includes all documents pertaining to this Docket that had been filed in the NRC Public Document Room as of November 16, 1979. The categories used for filing and searching in the NRC Public Document Room are used to catalog the entries.

  8. 78 FR 24739 - Draft Policy Papers Released for Public Comment: Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... AGENCY Draft Policy Papers Released for Public Comment: Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964... programs and activities. Today, EPA has released two draft policy papers for public comment. The first.... EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change...

  9. 75 FR 36099 - Legislative Changes to Primary Care Loan Program Authorized Under Title VII of the Public Health...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    ... Program Authorized Under Title VII of the Public Health Service Act AGENCY: Health Resources and Services... allopathic or osteopathic medicine. Below are details on how the ACA changes Section 723 of the Public Health... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

  10. News English Title Translation Skills%新闻英语标题翻译技巧探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒娜

    2012-01-01

    本文通过对新闻英语标题的主要特点进行深入的分析,结合跨文化交际理论以及翻译技巧研究成果。提出了以采取翻译权衡的翻译技巧、采取深入新闻内容的目的化翻译技巧为主要手段的新闻英语标题翻译技巧。从而为准确地翻译新闻英语标题,领会新闻英语标题的语言规律提供了科学的参考。%In this paper,the main features of the news English title in-depth analysis,combined with the theory of cross-cultural communication and translation skills research.News English title translation skills as a primary means to take the translation weigh translation skills to take the purpose of in-depth news content translation skills.For accurate translation News English title,and understand the language of the news English title law provides a scientific reference.

  11. 78 FR 54638 - Request for Information To Inform the Title III Technical Assistance Agenda and the Future...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... Request for Information To Inform the Title III Technical Assistance Agenda and the Future Activities and... Students, Department of Education. ACTION: Request for information. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Education (the Department) requests information in two intertwining areas in support of the English learner...

  12. Dental Office Assisting; Glossary of Key Words. Vocational Reading Power Project, Title III, E.S.E.A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer, Bonnie

    The glossary is one of twenty in various subject areas of vocational education designed to assist the student in vocabulary mastery for particular vocational education courses. They are part of the Vocational Reading Power Project, Title III, E.S.E.A. This glossary is for a course in dental office assisting. It is divided into two parts: one…

  13. 34 CFR 364.2 - What is the purpose of the programs authorized by chapter 1 of title VII?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SILS and CIL programs authorized by chapter 1 of title VII of the Act is to promote a philosophy of independent living (IL), including a philosophy of consumer control, peer support, self-help, self... integration and full inclusion of individuals with significant disabilities into the mainstream of...

  14. 76 FR 73986 - Redelegation of Administrative Authority for Title I, Section 109 of the Housing and Community...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Redelegation of Administrative Authority for Title I, Section 109 of the Housing and... Opportunity, HUD. ACTION: Notice of redelegation of authority. SUMMARY: The Assistant Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (FHEO) supersedes all prior redelegations of authority from the...

  15. Word Order and World Order: Titles of Intergroup Conflicts May Increase Ethnocentrism by Mentioning the In-Group First.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oeberst, Aileen; Matschke, Christina

    2017-04-03

    The title of a historical event is usually the first thing we learn about that event. This article investigates whether group order in supposedly neutral conflict titles (e.g., Polish-Russian War) is systematically biased toward naming the in-group first (e.g., Polish-Russian War in Polish; Russian-Polish War in Russian) and whether group order affects perceptions of the groups involved. Based on linguistic evidence that individuals have the tendency to name themselves first, we expected and found a systematic tendency to name the in-group first in N = 172 real-world titles of historical conflicts from more than 40 languages (Study 1), under controlled conditions with participants from different cultures (Studies 2a and 2b), and in a minimal group experiment (Study 3), which identifies group membership as a crucial factor and rules out alternative explanations. Furthermore, based on findings on perception, it is predicted and found in 3 studies (Study 4, 5a, and 5b) that a group is perceived as more important when mentioned first rather than second. This effect depended, however, on group order in the questions asked. Additionally, the first group was consistently associated with more power. Combined, seemingly neutral conflict titles may therefore increase ethnocentrism as it is the in-group that is mostly mentioned first and because of that perceived as more important. (PsycINFO Database Record

  16. 75 FR 75463 - Clean Air Act Operating Permit Program; Petition To Object to Title V Permit for Luke Paper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIROMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Clean Air Act Operating Permit Program; Petition To Object to Title V Permit for Luke Paper... issues during the comment period or that the grounds for objection or other issue arose after the comment...

  17. 75 FR 3375 - School Improvement Grants; American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA); Title I of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-21

    ... the final requirements for School Improvement Grants (SIG) authorized under section 1003(g) of Title I...-117) applicable to fiscal year (FY) 2010 SIG funds and FY 2009 ARRA SIG funds. Specifically, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010 expands the group of schools that are eligible to receive SIG funds. In...

  18. 78 FR 17744 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-2p; Titles II and XVI: Evaluating Cases Involving Drug Addiction...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-2p; Titles II and XVI: Evaluating Cases Involving Drug Addiction and Alcoholism (DAA); Correction AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of...

  19. "Prompt and Equitable" Explained: How to Craft a Title IX Compliant Sexual Harassment Policy and Why It Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, Jason A.

    2012-01-01

    An April 2011 "Dear Colleague" letter issued by the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights provided new guidance related to Title IX and the civil rights violation inherent in sexual harassment cases. Using the "Dear Colleague" letter as a guide, this article will provide best practice suggestions to remedy…

  20. 45 CFR 302.52 - Distribution of support collected in Title IV-E foster care maintenance cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... interests of the child including: (i) Setting aside amounts for the child's future needs; or (ii) Making all... of children for whom the State is making foster care maintenance payments under the title IV-E State... support obligation for future months, the amount shall be applied to those future months. However,...

  1. An Application of the PMI Model at the Project Level Evaluation of ESEA Title IV-C Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBeath, Marcia

    All of the papers presented as part of a symposium concerned the application of the Planning, Monitoring, and Implementation Model (PMI) to the evaluation of the District of Columbia Public Schools' programs supported by the Elementary Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title IV-C. PMI was developed to provide a model for systematic evaluation of…

  2. A Phenomenological Study Investigating Transformative Learning Strategies Implemented by 10 Title I Elementary Principals That Influence Novice Teacher Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fountain, Tara

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to investigate transformative learning strategies implemented by 10 Title I elementary principals that influence novice teacher retention. Data were gathered by individual interviews. Data were analyzed using Creswell's (2013) description of qualitative research as a collection of data…

  3. 77 FR 15267 - Clean Air Act Full Approval of Title V Operating Permits Program; Southern Ute Indian Tribe

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... review of the Tribe's authority to regulate air pollution sources located within the exterior boundaries... jurisdiction to regulate non- Indian-owned air pollution sources located on fee lands within the Reservation... greenhouses gases as part of the Prevention of Significant Deterioration/Title V Greenhouse Gas Tailoring...

  4. 45 CFR 1357.30 - State fiscal requirements (title IV-B, subpart 1, child welfare services).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false State fiscal requirements (title IV-B, subpart 1, child welfare services). 1357.30 Section 1357.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare..., subpart 1, child welfare services). (a) Scope. The requirements of this section shall apply to all...

  5. 45 CFR 1357.40 - Direct payments to Indian Tribal Organizations (title IV-B, subpart 1, child welfare services).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Direct payments to Indian Tribal Organizations (title IV-B, subpart 1, child welfare services). 1357.40 Section 1357.40 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  6. 77 FR 41190 - Office of Urban Indian Health Programs Funding Opportunity: Title V HIV/AIDS Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Office of Urban Indian Health Programs Funding Opportunity: Title V HIV/AIDS Program AGENCY: Indian Health Service, HHS. ] ACTION: Notice: correction. SUMMARY: The...

  7. 77 FR 36557 - Office of Urban Indian Health Programs Funding Opportunity: Title V HIV/AIDS Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    ... HIV/AIDS Program Announcement Type: New Limited Competition. Funding Announcement Number: HHS-2012-IHS... competitive grant applications for the Office of Urban Indian Health Programs Title V HIV/AIDS program. This... competition: The Minority AIDS Initiative funding that the grants are awarded from was awarded to the...

  8. Title VII Enhancement Project for Compartiendo Culturas/Sharing Cultures 1995-96. Research Report on Educational Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houston Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

    Compartiendo Culturas/Sharing Cultures, a Title VII Two-Way Developmental Bilingual Education Program at the Gary L. Herod Elementary School in the Houston Independent School District (Texas) was designed to end the isolation typically experienced by language minority students in traditional bilingual education and to provide language majority…

  9. 76 FR 19757 - The Federal Student Aid Programs Under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as Amended

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    ... Federal Student Aid Programs Under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as Amended AGENCY... Assurance Program. SUMMARY: The Secretary of Education invites institutions of higher education that may wish to participate in the Quality Assurance Program, under section 487A(a) of the Higher Education...

  10. 20 CFR 627.220 - Coordination with programs under title IV of the Higher Education Act including the Pell grant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the Higher Education Act including the Pell grant program. 627.220 Section 627.220 Employees' Benefits... of the Higher Education Act including the Pell grant program. (a) Coordination. Financial assistance programs under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA) (the Pell Grant program,...

  11. 78 FR 66906 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records: National Title I Study of Implementation and Outcomes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget (OMB) on October 23, 2013. This system of... document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or compact disc) on request to the...) What classroom instructional practices do teachers in Title I schools use to support...

  12. Implementing Title IX. ACSA School Management Digest, Series 1, Number 8. ERIC/CEM Research Analysis Series, Number 35.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzarella, Jo Ann

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and the HEW implementing regulations cover two major areas: sex discrimination in school courses, athletics, extracurricular activities, employment, and counseling, and sex descrimination in hiring, promotions, and benefits for school personnel. The author of this review examines the progress (and lack…

  13. Evaluation Report for the ESEA Title III Project, South Bronx Multi-Purpose Supplementary Educational Center (SOMPSEC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    North, Robert D.

    This is a report of an evaluation of the South Bronx Multi-Purpose Supplementary Educational Center (SOMPSEC). The primary objectives of SOMPSEC, funded under Title III, Elementary and Secondary Education Act were: (1) to enhance the self-image of minority-group students, (2) to encourage development of their artistic talent, and (3) to increase…

  14. 20 CFR 416.350 - Treating a title II application as an oral inquiry about SSI benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... inquiry about SSI benefits. 416.350 Section 416.350 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION... Written Statement Or Oral Inquiry § 416.350 Treating a title II application as an oral inquiry about SSI... benefits) we will explain the requirements for receiving SSI benefits and give the person a chance to file...

  15. Evaluation of Migrant Education, Numero Dos, Title I-M Programs in the State of Oregon. September 1972 - August 1973.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, William G., Comp.; And Others

    The Migrant Education Section of the Oregon State Department of Education is responsible for providing educational and ancillary services to children of migrant agricultural workers. Title I, Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), provides payment to state educational agencies for assistance in educating migrant children. Funds provided by…

  16. 76 FR 45309 - Social Security Ruling 11-1p; Titles II and XVI: Procedures for Handling Requests To File...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... ADMINISTRATION Social Security Ruling 11-1p; Titles II and XVI: Procedures for Handling Requests To File Subsequent Applications for Disability Benefits AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of... INFORMATION CONTACT: Mary Beth Rochowiak, Social Security Administration, 6401 Security Boulevard,...

  17. A Brief Analysis on Citation Forms of English Journal Titles in References of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine Journals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren; Peng; Bai; Yongping; Guo; Yunyan; Cheng; Jinhua; Li; Shuchao

    2014-01-01

    In this paper,the problems of citation forms of English journal titles in references of animal science and veterinary medicine journals were described and analyzed. And the English names of animal science and veterinary medicine journals and corresponding abbreviations were listed for reference by authors.

  18. Title VII Enhancement Project for Compartiendo Culturas/Sharing Cultures 1995-96. Research Report on Educational Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houston Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

    Compartiendo Culturas/Sharing Cultures, a Title VII Two-Way Developmental Bilingual Education Program at the Gary L. Herod Elementary School in the Houston Independent School District (Texas) was designed to end the isolation typically experienced by language minority students in traditional bilingual education and to provide language majority…

  19. A Mixed-Method Analysis of the Alignment of Title I Achieving Schools' Professional Development to NCLB Professional Development Provisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Kerry

    2013-01-01

    The improvement of schools has been a central discussion among educators, legislators, and stakeholders, with professional development being acknowledged as a fundamental topic for the success of the education system. Studying the alignment of professional development programs provided at Title I Achieving schools to NCLB research based…

  20. 20 CFR 667.272 - What wage and labor standards apply to participants in activities under title I of WIA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Administrative Rules, Costs and Limitations § 667.272 What wage and labor standards apply to... and who have similar training, experience and skills. Such rates must be in accordance with applicable...

  1. Aging in Place: Do Older Americans Act Title III Services Reach Those Most Likely to Enter Nursing Homes?

    OpenAIRE

    Norma Altshuler; Jody Schimmel

    2010-01-01

    This issue brief, the first in a series, presents findings from the Administration on Aging’s National Survey of Older Americans Act Program Participants and assesses whether Title III services are reaching adults at higher risk of nursing home entry.

  2. 76 FR 14427 - Notice on Reallotment of Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Title I Formula Allotted Funds for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    ... Administration (ETA) analyzed State Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Dislocated Worker 9130 financial reports from... Employment and Training Administration Notice on Reallotment of Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Title I... Training Administration, Labor. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Workforce Investment Act, Public Law 105-220...

  3. 香云纱文化国际传播策略初探%Tentative Research on the Tactics of International Transmission of the Culture of Gambiered Canton Gauze

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜秀峰

    2015-01-01

    Gambiered canton gauze, a traditional garment resulting from a national intangible cultural heritage in Shunde, contains rich cultural elements. Within the context of globalization and prevailing consumer culture, the sus-tainable development of the culturally loaded product calls for expansion of its international markets which in turn gives rise to the need for the international transmission of the culture of gambiered canton gauze . This tentative research draws on the findings by McCracken and Pierre Bourdieu on transmission of culture and attempts to propose tactics for international transmission which includes tactics in developing international education on gambiered canton gauze cul-ture, in commercializing such culture as well as in evaluating the effectiveness of the aforementioned tactics.%源自顺德的国家级非遗产品香云纱富含文化内涵,在当今全球化和消费文化盛行的今天,香云纱的可持续发展须以广阔的国际市场为基础,香云纱国际市场的开拓离不开香云纱文化的国际传播。从这一现实出发,运用美国学者McCracken和法国学者布迪厄对文化传播的相关研究成果,提出了包括国际商业渠道传播,国际教育以及国际传播效果评估策略在内的香云纱文化国际传播基本策略。

  4. 2013 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-11-01

    This report, in fulfillment of a license requirement, presents the results of long-term surveillance and maintenance activities conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management in 2013 at six uranium mill tailings disposal sites reclaimed under Title II of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978. These activities verified that the UMTRCA Title II disposal sites remain in compliance with license requirements. DOE manages six UMTRCA Title II disposal sites under a general license granted by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) established at Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 40.28. Reclamation and site transition activities continue at other sites, and DOE ultimately expects to manage approximately 27 Title II disposal sites. Long-term surveillance and maintenance activities and services for these disposal sites include inspecting and maintaining the sites; monitoring environmental media and institutional controls; conducting any necessary corrective action; and performing administrative, records, stakeholder services, and other regulatory functions. Annual site inspections and monitoring are conducted in accordance with site-specific long-term surveillance plans (LTSPs) and procedures established by DOE to comply with license requirements. Each site inspection is performed to verify the integrity of visible features at the site; to identify changes or new conditions that may affect the long-term performance of the site; and to determine the need, if any, for maintenance, follow-up inspections, or corrective action. LTSPs and site compliance reports are available online at http://www.lm.doe.gov

  5. 2013 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title I Disposal Sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2014-03-01

    This report, in fulfillment of a license requirement, presents the results of long-term surveillance and maintenance activities conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) in 2013 at 19 uranium mill tailings disposal sites established under Title I of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978.1 These activities verified that the UMTRCA Title I disposal sites remain in compliance with license requirements. DOE operates 18 UMTRCA Title I sites under a general license granted by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in accordance with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 40.27 (10 CFR 40.27). As required under the general license, a long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for each site was prepared by DOE and accepted by NRC. The Grand Junction, Colorado, Disposal Site, one of the 19 Title I sites, will not be included under the general license until the open, operating portion of the cell is closed. The open portion will be closed either when it is filled or in 2023. This site is inspected in accordance with an interim LTSP. Long-term surveillance and maintenance services for these disposal sites include inspecting and maintaining the sites; monitoring environmental media and institutional controls; conducting any necessary corrective actions; and performing administrative, records, stakeholder relations, and other regulatory stewardship functions. Annual site inspections and monitoring are conducted in accordance with site-specific LTSPs and procedures established by DOE to comply with license requirements. Each site inspection is performed to verify the integrity of visible features at the site; to identify changes or new conditions that may affect the long-term performance of the site; and to determine the need, if any, for maintenance, follow-up or contingency inspections, or corrective action in accordance with the LTSP. LTSPs and site compliance reports are available on the Internet at http://www.lm.doe.gov/.

  6. Engineering assessment of inactive uranium mill tailings, Naturita site, Naturita, Colorado. Phase II, Title I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-11-01

    Ford, Bacon and Davis Utah Inc. has performed an engineering assessment of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium mill tailings at Naturita, Colorado. The Phase II, Title I services include the preparation of topographic maps, the performance of core drillings sufficient to determine areas and volumes of tailings, the performance of radiometric measurements to determine the extent of radium contamination, the evaluation of resulting radiation exposures of individuals and nearby populations, the investigation of site hydrology and meteorology, and the costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas release from the 704,000 tons of tailings at the Naturita site constitutes the most significant environmental impact although windblown tailings and external gamma radiation are also factors. Ranchers Exploration and Development Company has been licensed by the State of Colorado to reprocess the tailings at a location 3 mi from the present site where they will be stabilized for long-term storage. The remedial action options include remedial action for structures in Naturita and Nucla (Option I) at an estimated cost of $270,000 and remedial action for structures and open land adjacent to the tailings site (Option II) at an estimated cost of $950,000.

  7. Engineering assessment of inactive uranium mill tailings, Shiprock site, Shiprock, New Mexico. Phase II, Title I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-03-31

    Ford, Bacon and Davis Utah Inc. has performed an engineering assessment of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium mill tailings at Shiprock, New Mexico. The Phase II, Title I services include the preparation of topographic maps, the performance of core drillings and radiometric measurements sufficient to determine areas and volumes of tailings and other radium-contaminated materials, the evaluation of resulting radiation exposures of individuals and nearby populations, the investigation of site hydrology and meteorology and the evaluation and costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas release from the 1.7 million tons of tailings at the Shiprock site constitutes the most significant environmental impact, although windblown tailings and external gamma radiation are also factors. The 11 alternative actions presented range from completion of the present ongoing EPA site decontamination plan (Option I), to stabilizing in-place with varying depths of cover material (Options II-IV), to removal to an isolated long-term disposal site (Options V-XI). All options include remedial action costs for off-site locations where tailings have been placed. Costs estimates for the 11 options range from $540,000 to $12,500,000. Reprocessing the tailings for uranium is not economically feasible.

  8. A Quantitative Study of History in the English Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC, 1470-1800

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leo Lahti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the publication trends of history in early modern Britain and North-America, 1470-1800, based on the English Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC data. Its most important contribution is a demonstration how digitized library catalogues can become a crucial tool for scholarship and part of reproducible research. The article also suggests a novel way how to make a quantitative analysis of a particular trend in book production, namely publishing of history. This study is also our first experiment with the analysis of paper consumption in early modern book production. It demonstrates in practice the importance of open science principles for library and information science. The article studies three main research questions: 1 who wrote history 2 where was history published, and 3 how did publishing of history change over time in early modern Britain and North America. As the main findings, we demonstrate that the average book size for history publications becomes smaller over time and that the octavo-sized book is the rising vehicle of history in the eighteenth century that tells us factually about widening audiences. The article will also compare different aspects of most popular authors on history such as Edmund Burke and David Hume. While focusing on history publishing, these findings may reflect more widespread trends in publication in the early modern era, and this article illustrates how some of the key questions in this field can be assessed by statistical analysis of large-scale bibliographic data collections.

  9. Indicators of translation competence: Translators' self-concepts and the translation of titles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maureen Ehrensberger-Dow & Gary Massey

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The parallels between writing research and translation process research range from the objects of study (text producers and texts to the methods employed in investigating them. Similarly to writing research, translation studies has recently moved from an almost exclusive focus on products towards considering workplace and cognitive processes and the effects of those processes on the quality of products. In this paper, we outline how the methods common to both fields can be applied to the investigation of translators' understanding of their roles and responsibilities as text producers and their treatment of the specific problem of title translation. The data are drawn from a corpus built up in an longitudinal research project about the relationship of translation competence and the translation process. The multi-method approach we use combines keystroke logging, screenshot recording, eye-tracking, retrospection, and interviews. It allows us to monitor translators at their workplace in as controlled and non-invasive a manner as possible. It also provides rich data that make it possible to infer the practices and metalinguistic awareness that characterize the translation competence of translators with different levels of experience.

  10. Measurements of the velocity fields by PIV method round about titling gate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mistrová Ivana

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with problems of using of measurement method Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV to measure velocity fields in the flowing water in front, above and behind drowned titling weir gate. The aim was to obtain information about the distribution of speed in the area of interest for the verification or calibration of the numerical model. Experiments were carried out in inclinable channel connected to the hydraulic circuit with a pump and storage tank at the Water Management Research Laboratory (LVV of Institute of Water Structures at the Faculty of Civil Engineering in Brno University of Technology. Hydraulic inclinable channel has cross-section with dimensions of 0.4×0.4m and length of 12.5m. The measured area has cross-section approximately 0.2m wide and 0.4m high and its length is 1m. The results of physical modelling allowed a comparison of experimental data with numerical simulation results of this type of flow in the commercial software ANSYS CFX-12.0.

  11. Draft Title 40 CFR 191 compliance certification application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-31

    The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a research and development facility for the demonstration of the permanent isolation of transuranic radioactive wastes in a geologic formation. The facility was constructed in southeastern New Mexico in a manner intended to meet criteria established by the scientific and regulatory community for the safe, long-term disposal of transuranic wastes. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing an application to demonstrate compliance with the requirements outlined in Title 40, Part 191 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) for the permanent disposal of transuranic wastes. As mandated by the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Land Withdrawal Act of 1992, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) must evaluate this compliance application and provide a determination regarding compliance with the requirements within one year of receiving a complete application. Because the WIPP is a very complex program, the DOE has planned to submit the application as a draft in two parts. This strategy will allow for the DOE and the EPA to begin technical discussions on critical WIPP issues before the one-year compliance determination period begins. This report is the first of these two draft submittals.

  12. Have We Forgotten K-12? The Need For Punitive Damages To Improve Title IX Enforcement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrina A. Pohlman

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In the fall of 2000, the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review examined 129 public high schools in southwestern Pennsylvania to evaluate the region’s compliance with Title IX. The Tribune-Review promptly published the results, which were bleak. During the 1999–2000 academic year, two out of every three athletes were boys. Moreover, sixty-nine cents out of every dollar spent on school athletic programs went to boys, with the average school spending $493 on each male athlete and $350 on each female athlete. The individual results of two schools were especially troubling: Duquesne High School had only nine girls playing organized sports in 1999–2000; Clairton High School had only fifteen spots on just one female sports team—basketball. Finally, the survey noted that collegiate athletic programs had been recruiting significantly less in the region.6 As one college coach explained, even the area’s rare, exceptional athlete frequently struggled in the collegiate setting, since such athletes had never had the opportunity to become accustomed to competing against the same caliber of athletes when younger.

  13. 40 CFR 62.15395 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.15395 Section 62.15395 Protection of... require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? Yes. If you are subject...

  14. 38 CFR 8.0 - Definitions of terms used in connection with title 38 CFR, part 8, National Service Life Insurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... § 8.0 Definitions of terms used in connection with title 38 CFR, part 8, National Service Life... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions of terms used in connection with title 38 CFR, part 8, National Service Life Insurance. 8.0 Section 8.0...

  15. A Comparative Study of Film Title Translation in Chinese Mainland, Hong Kong and Taiwan--From the Perspective of Spiritual Resemblance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔健梅

    2016-01-01

    Due to different social systems, economic development and cultural phenomenon in Chinese mainland, Hong Kong and Taiwan, one foreign film title may generate into various translation texts. Therefore,“one country, three-translation” phenomenon has come into being. This paper, combined with Spiritual Resemblance, attempts to analyze this phenomenon so as to better promote the film title translation.

  16. 40 CFR 62.15400 - When must I submit a title V permit application for my existing small municipal waste combustion...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... application for my existing small municipal waste combustion unit? 62.15400 Section 62.15400 Protection of... Combustion Units Constructed on or Before August 30, 1999 Title V Requirements § 62.15400 When must I submit a title V permit application for my existing small municipal waste combustion unit? (a) You must...

  17. Preguntas Y Respuestas, Programa para Ninos Migratorios Bajo el Titulo I de ESEA. 1971. (Questions and Answers, Program for Migrant Children Under ESEA Title I. 1971).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Programs for the Disadvantaged.

    Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 is specifically designed to help educationally deprived children. It was amended in 1966 to include the children of migratory agricultural workers. Today more than 235,000 migrant children receive educational and special supplementary services under Title I. Answers to some of the…

  18. Developmental disabilities: request for public comments on proposed developmental disabilities funding priorities for Projects of National Significance for Fiscal Year 1998--Administration on Developmental Disabilities, HHS. Notice of request for public comments on developmental disabilities tentative funding priority for Projects of National Significance for Fiscal Year 1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-30

    The Administration on Developmental Disabilities (ADD) announced that public comments are being requested on tentative funding priorities for Fiscal Year 1998 Projects of National Significance prior to being announced in its final form. We welcome comments and suggestions on this proposed announcement and funding priority which will assist in bringing about the increased independence, productivity, integration, and inclusion into the community of individuals with developmental disabilities.

  19. The advantages of being called NICE: a systematic review of journal article titles using the acronym for the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, David S; Batty, G David

    2009-03-01

    To describe the use of NICE, the acronym for the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, as both an adjective and noun in peer-reviewed journal article titles. Systematic review of titles retrieved by electronic database searches. Ovid databases (MEDLINE, All EBM Reviews, EMBASE, ERIC, CINAHL and PsycINFO) covering the formation of NICE in 1999 to February 2008. Independent review of eligible titles by both authors and resolution of disagreements based on consideration of full text articles. 2274 articles were retrieved that included reference to NICE in their titles. Of these, 167 (7.3%) used NICE as an adjective, most commonly in conjunction with the terms 'work', 'not so' (NICE), 'nasty', 'mess' and 'try'. The work of NICE has been widely referenced in peer-reviewed journal article titles, sometimes with apparent humorous intent when used as an adjective. Well-chosen names may increase the recognizability of public health organizations and help to communicate their roles.

  20. 再谈遵义会议——刍议遵义会议精神%More on the Zunyi Meeting: Tentative Analysis of the Zunyi Meeting Spirit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石仲泉

    2012-01-01

    遵义会议是中国共产党90年历史上第一次伟大的转折。其伟大转折意义在于正确地改变了党中央领导核心、改变了党的思想路线、改变了党的军事路线。遵义会议精神内涵可以初步表述为:坚定信念,忠诚革命;坚持真理,实事求是;顾全大局,民主团结;独立自主,实现转折。遵义会议精神的当代价值在于,它集中展现了中国共产党人的优秀品格,是建设中国特色社会主义事业的强大精神动力;是推进社会主义核心价值体系建设和在新的历史条件下提高党的建设科学化水平的重要历史参照;它作为民族精神的一个组成部分,对于实现中华民族的伟大复兴也提供了历史之镜。%Zunyi Meeting is the first great turning point in the 90-year history of the Communist Party of Chi- na. Its great significance as a turning point is that it correctly changed the core leadership team of the Party ' s cen- tral committee, the Party ' s ideological line, and the Party' s military line. The contents of Zunyi Meeting spirit can be tentatively stated as follows: maintaining firm faith, being loyal to revolution; upholding the truth, seeking truth from facts; bearing the overall situation in mind, keeping democracy and solidarity; being independent, realizing the turn. The contemporary value of Zunyi Meeting spirit lies in the facts as follows : it densely exhibits the extraor- dinary qualities of the Chinese communists and is the powerful spiritual drive for building the enterprise of socialism with Chinese characteristics; it is an important historical reference to promote the building of a system of socialist core values and to improve the level of scientification in Party building under the new historical conditions; and as an organic part of national spirit, it provides a mirror of history for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.