WorldWideScience

Sample records for monitoring working party

  1. Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xu, L.

    2004-01-01

    "Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business" investigates the issues involved in the performance of econtract monitoring of business automations in business to business e-commerce environment. A pro-active monitoring contract model and monitoring mechanism have been designed and developed. A ne

  2. Monday (after work) is party time!

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    In this interview with Hermann Schmickler, CERN accelerator expert and, more recently, manager of the Open Day organising team, the Bulletin looks behind the scenes of the organisation of CERN’s most popular events for the public.  After the huge endeavour, the “Bosons&More” party awaits you too!   The Open Days core team. “In the early days of the preparations when we still had some spare time, we decided to take photos in two different dress codes to illustrate the spirit of “Bosons&More”: formal evening dress and festival type clothes,” says Herman Schmickler. What will your dress code be on Monday evening?   When Hermann is asked “what did you like best” about this whole adventure, he has no hesitation: “The team,” he says. “We have a wonderful team of very motivated people.” Let’s make a rough calculation: the core team compris...

  3. Experiences with the Dutch Working Party on antibiotic policy (SWAB).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prins, J.M.; Degener, J.E.; Neeling, A.J. de; Gyssens, I.C.J.

    2008-01-01

    The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy (Stichting Werkgroep AntibioticaBeleid, SWAB) was founded in 1996 as an initiative of the Society for Infectious Diseases, the Dutch Society for Medical Microbiology, and the Dutch Association of Hospital Pharmacists. Its primary goal is to contribute to

  4. REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTACT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gary L. Burkhardt

    2005-12-31

    Third-party contact with pipelines (typically caused by contact with a digging or drilling device) can result in mechanical damage to the pipe, in addition to coating damage that can initiate corrosion. Because this type of damage often goes unreported and can lead to eventual catastrophic failure of the pipe, a reliable, cost-effective method is needed for monitoring the pipeline and reporting third-party contact events. The impressed alternating cycle current (IACC) pipeline monitoring method developed by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) consists of impressing electrical signals on the pipe by generating a time-varying voltage between the pipe and the soil. The signal voltage between the pipe and ground is monitored continuously at receiving stations located some distance away. Third-party contact to the pipe that breaks through the coating (thus resulting in a signal path to ground) changes the signal received at the receiving stations. The IACC method was shown to be a viable method that can be used to continuously monitor pipelines for third-party contact. Electrical connections to the pipeline can be made through existing cathodic protection (CP) test points without the need to dig up the pipe. The instrumentation is relatively simple, consisting of (1) a transmitting station with a frequency-stable oscillator and amplifier and (2) a receiving station with a filter, lock-in amplifier, frequency-stable oscillator, and remote reporting device (e.g. cell phone system). Maximum distances between the transmitting and receiving stations are approximately 1.61 km (1 mile), although the length of pipeline monitored can be twice this using a single transmitter and one receiver on each side (since the signal travels in both directions). Certain conditions such as poor pipeline coatings or strong induced 60-Hz signals on the pipeline can degrade IACC performance, so localized testing should be performed to determine the suitability for an IACC installation at a given

  5. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party: October 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries submited to the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) from March to September 2011.

  6. Monitoring Technology Meets Care Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Bygholm, Ann

    2015-01-01

    Monitoring technology, especially sensor-based technology, is increasingly taken into use in care work. Despite the simplicity of these technologies – aimed to automate what appear as mundane monitoring tasks – recent research has identified major challenges primarily related to the technology......'s ability to meet the complexity of care work. Understanding intersectional challenges between these care technologies and care work is fundamental to improve design and use of health informatics. In this paper we present an analysis of interaction challenges between a wet-sensor at the task of monitoring...

  7. Management of Helicobacter pylori infection--a Working Party Report of the Malaysian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, K L; Mahendra Raj, S; Parasakthi, N; Kew, S T; Kandasami, P; Mazlam, Z

    1998-09-01

    The Working Party Report on the Management of Helicobacter pylori serves as a clinical practice guideline for Malaysian doctors. H. pylori is not uncommon in the Malaysian population. Marked racial differences and the consistently low prevalence rates amongst Malays are noted. The working party recommends that if endoscopy is to be performed, a rapid urease test should be used for diagnosis. Where suspicion of the infection is strong and the urease test is negative, histology should be performed on gastric biopsies. Culture should be used to monitor resistance patterns to antibiotics and regional laboratories should assume this responsibility. The urea breath tests are highly accurate tests for diagnosis of H. pylori but is as yet not widely available in Malaysia. The working party strongly recommends that all peptic ulcer patients infected with H. pylori whether active, in remission and complicated ulcers should be treated for the infection. Patients with low-grade gastric mucosal lymphoid tissue lymphoma should also be treated for H. pylori infection. It is considered advisable that patients on long term nonsteroidal antinflammatory drug (NSAID) treatment with a history of peptic ulcers or dyspepsia and patients following resection of early gastric cancer or those with a family history of gastric cancer should also be tested and treated for H. pylori. The working party recommends, as first line treatment a 7-day combination therapy of a proton pump inhibitor, clarithromycin and metronidazole or amoxicillin. High metronidazole resistance rates locally may adversely affect regimens containing the antibiotic. It should also be noted that regimens that yield lower eradication rates may result in higher long term expenditure.

  8. Third party interference monitoring based on distributed fiber sensor and field trail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cai, Yongjun; Tan, Dongjie; Juan, Zheng; Wang, Likun; Chen, Pengchao [PetroChina Pipeline R and D Center (China)

    2009-07-01

    This paper describes a novel pipeline third party interference (TPI) monitoring system, which detects micro vibration along pipeline, through fiber cable laying in one ditch. A special optical path was designed by redundant optical fiber cores among fiber cable. This new sensor technology detects illegal excavation through detect phase changes. This innovative signal analysis technology avoids the disturbance of light intensity fluctuation and phase fading. Excavator, digging and impact of freely falling body were used to test this pipeline monitoring system. Different type of cable, such as straight buried cable, steel wire armored cable and silicone tube, were all test in order to test sensitivity. Field trail shows that this system can detect, alarm and. locate different third party interference along pipeline. (author)

  9. Towards Open Access Publishing in High Energy Physics Report of the SCOAP3 Working Party

    CERN Document Server

    Bianco, S; Ferreira, P; Friend, F; Gargiulo, P; Hanania, R; Henrot-Versillé, S; Holtkamp, A; Igo-Kemenes, P; Jarroux-Declais, D; Jordão, M; Kämper, B-C; Krause, J; Lagrange, T; Le Diberder, F R; Lemasurier, A; Lengenfelder, A; Lindqvist, C M; Mele, S; Plaszczynski, S; Schimmer, R; Vigen, Jens; Voss, R; Wilbers, M; Yeomans, J; Zioutas, K

    2007-01-01

    This Report concerns the implementation of a process today supported by leading actors from the particle physics community, and worked through in detail by members of an international Working Party. The initiative offers an opportunity for the cost-effective dissemination of high-quality research articles in particle physics, enabling use of the new technologies of e-Science across the literature of High Energy physics.

  10. On the Sources of Establishment-selective Work of the Bolshevik Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasily P. Pashin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on the archive materials from the funds of the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History, periodical publications of the 1920s and official Bolshevik Party documents, the article strives to analyze main directions in the search for creation of the nation-wide system for selection and appointment of executive staff. It shows the work of the Uchraspredotdel (Registration and Distribution Office of the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party of Bolsheviks in its attempt to manage quality selection of staff by way of distribution, appointment and mobilization, and the transgression from the quantitative registration of all Communists to the registration based on application forms. The article also demonstrates the failure of the idea that all Bolshevik party members are potential organizers and leaders. It studies objective and subjective reasons for failures in the first attempts to select “responsible officials” on the nation-wide scale. The article also characterizes activity and opinions of a number of executives in their approaches towards creation of organization-selective work and their attitudes to it. It reveals the persistent aspiration of the Bolshevik Party to establish personal responsibility of the appointed executives, for the directive decisions, of its central authorities, which they take and implement.

  11. REPORT OF THE WORKING PARTY ON THE ACCESSION OF CHINA (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    7.Pricing Policies 50. Some members of the Working Party noted that China had made extensive use of price controls, for example in the agricultural sector. Those members requested that China undertake specific commitments concerning its system of state pricing. In particular, those members stated that China should allow prices for traded goods and services in every sector to be determined by market forces, and multi-tier pricing practices for such goods and services should be eliminated. Those members n...

  12. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - October 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the last meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) held in March 2011. This paper provides an overview of energy efficiency developments across all sectors, but is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries.

  13. Fast burner reactor benchmark results from the NEA working party on physics of plutonium recycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hill, R.N.; Wade, D.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Palmiotti, G. [CEA - Cadarache, Saint-Paul-Les-Durance (France)

    1995-12-01

    As part of a program proposed by the OECD/NEA Working Party on Physics of Plutonium Recycling (WPPR) to evaluate different scenarios for the use of plutonium, fast reactor physics benchmarks were developed; fuel cycle scenarios using either PUREX/TRUEX (oxide fuel) or pyrometallurgical (metal fuel) separation technologies were specified. These benchmarks were designed to evaluate the nuclear performance and radiotoxicity impact of a transuranic-burning fast reactor system. International benchmark results are summarized in this paper; and key conclusions are highlighted.

  14. Non-Strategic Punishment when Monitoring is Costly: Experimental Evidence on Differences between Second and Third Party Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Goeschl, Timo; Jarke, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies monitoring and punishment behavior by second and third parties in a cooperation experiment with endogenous information structures: Players are uninformed whether the target player cooperated or defected at the cooperation stage, but can decide to resolve the information imperfection at non-negative cost at the punishment stage. We examine how monitoring and punishment respond to changes in monitoring costs, and exploit the evidence to gain new insights about commonalities a...

  15. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - January 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of the January 2010 Country Report Summary is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the previous meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) held in September 2009. This paper is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries. In all of the country reports received, there is evidence of significant energy efficiency policy action. The most significant observations from these country reports cover three areas. The first is that the spending focus on energy efficiency seen in the previous two country reports (31 March and 15 September 2009) appears largely unchanged, and is still concentrated in the building sector. Second, countries are actively undertaking analysis and public consultation to plan for future projects. Third, many countries reported activity taking place in the area of fiscal policy, from amendments to new fiscal measures.

  16. Optimal Work Effort and Monitoring Cost

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Todorova

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Using a simple job market equilibrium model we study the relationship between work effort and monitoring by firms. Some other determinants of work effort investigated include the educational level of the worker, the minimum or start-up salary as well as the economic conjuncture. As common logic dictates, optimal work effort increases with the amount of monitoring done by the employer. Quite contrary to common logic, though, we find that at the optimum employers observe and control good workers much more stringently and meticulously than poor workers. This is because under profit maximization most of the employer’s profit and surplus result from good workers and he risks losing a large amount of profit by not observing those. Managers monitor strictly more productive workers, fast learners and those starting at a higher autonomous level of monitoring, as those contribute more substantially to the firm’s profit.

  17. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - September 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the last meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP)1 held in January 2010. This paper provides an overview of energy efficiency developments across all sectors, but is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries. At the request of the EEWP, this issue of the country report summary focuses primarily on transport. Countries reported a wide range of energy efficiency policy activity. Compared with past reports, energy efficiency policy planning seems to be giving way to programme implementation in the buildings, lighting and appliances sectors. Planning and implementation is underway in the transport sector. Measures in the transport sector are diverse and include financial support for electric vehicle R&D and pilot projects, fiscal policies to encourage the purchase of efficient vehicles, eco-drive programmes and vehicle labelling. Measures of note outside the transport sector include the promotion of smart metering.

  18. International Society of Blood Transfusion Working Party on red cell immunogenetics and blood group terminology: Cancun report (2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storry, J R; Castilho, L; Daniels, G; Flegel, W A; Garratty, G; de Haas, M; Hyland, C; Lomas-Francis, C; Moulds, J M; Nogues, N; Olsson, M L; Poole, J; Reid, M E; Rouger, P; van der Schoot, E; Scott, M; Tani, Y; Yu, L-C; Wendel, S; Westhoff, C; Yahalom, V; Zelinski, T

    2014-07-01

    The International Society of Blood Transfusion Working Party on red cell immunogenetics and blood group terminology convened during the International congress in Cancun, July 2012. This report details the newly identified antigens in existing blood group systems and presents three new blood group systems.

  19. International Energy Agency (IEA) Working Party on Energy Conservation Research and Development. Annual report, 1976--1977

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-08-01

    This annual report of the IEA Working Party on energy conservation described briefly the background and objectives of each project area, the status of its implementing agreement, its organizational structure, and current activities. The Committee on Energy R and D has established 15 working areas: biomass conversion; coal technology; conservation R and D; energy R and D strategy; fusion; geothermal; high-temperature reactors for process heat; hydrogen; nuclear safety; ocean thermal energy conversion; radioactive waste management; small solar power systems; solar energy; wave power; and wind power. Presently, the Working Party has implementing agreements and is working in 7 areas: buildings and community systems; building complexes; ekistics; combustion; energy cascading; heat pumps; and heat transfer. (MCW)

  20. Use and Impact of Informal Third-Party Discussions in Interpersonal Conflicts at Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkema, Roger J.; Bergmann, Thomas J.; Farquhar, Katherine

    1997-01-01

    States that interpersonal conflicts in the workplace frequently involve conversations with coworkers and outsiders. Examines informal third-party discussions in the workplace, as described by 396 professionals attending graduate business programs and executive seminars. Indicates that conflict intensity and relative power are likely to affect the…

  1. About green political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlović Slobodan P.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work the author refers to some legal and political questions in connection with green political parties. Those questions cover: the ideology of green political parties, their number and influence, both in general and in Serbia. The first part of work is generally speaking about political parties - their definition, ideology, role and action. Main thesis in this work is that green political parties, by their appearance, were something new on the political scene. But quickly, because of objective and subjective reasons, they were changing original ideas and were beginning to resemble to all other political parties. In this way, they lost their vanguard and political alternativeness.

  2. REPORT OF THE WORKING PARTY ON THE ACCESSION OF CHINA (Ⅴ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    283.The representative of China stated that Article 10 of the Anti-unfair Competition Law provided that a business operator must not infringe upon trade secrets.Under the same Article.obtaining,using or disclosing another's trade secrets by a third party who clearly knew or ouqht to have known that the case fell under the unlawful acts listed in the preceding paragraph was deemed infringement upon trade secrets.Trade secrets referred to any technology information or business operation information which ...

  3. Remote Working Level Monitor. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-11-18

    The Remote Working Level Monitor (RWLM) is an instrument used to remotely monitor the RN-daughter concentrations and the Working Level (WL). It is an ac powered, microprocessor based instrument which multiplexes two independent detector units to a single central processor unit (CPU). The CPU controls the actuation of the detector units and processes and outputs the data received from these remote detector units. The remote detector units are fully automated and require no manual operation once they are set up. They detect and separate the alpha emitters of RaA and RaC' as well as detecting the beta emitters of RaB and RaC. The resultant pulses from these detected radioisotopes are transmitted to the CPU for processing. The programmed microprocessor performs the mathematical manipulations necessary to output accurate Rn-daughter concentrations and the WL. A special subroutine within the program enables the RWLM to run and output a calibration procedure on command. The data resulting from this request can then be processed in a separate program on most computers capable of BASIC programming. The calibration program results in the derivation of coefficients and beta efficiencies which provides calibrated coefficients and beta efficiencies.

  4. Third-party brachytherapy source calibrations and physicist responsibilities: report of the AAPM Low Energy Brachytherapy Source Calibration Working Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Wayne M; Bice, William S; DeWerd, Larry A; Hevezi, James M; Huq, M Saiful; Ibbott, Geoffrey S; Palta, Jatinder R; Rivard, Mark J; Seuntjens, Jan P; Thomadsen, Bruce R

    2008-09-01

    The AAPM Low Energy Brachytherapy Source Calibration Working Group was formed to investigate and recommend quality control and quality assurance procedures for brachytherapy sources prior to clinical use. Compiling and clarifying recommendations established by previous AAPM Task Groups 40, 56, and 64 were among the working group's charges, which also included the role of third-party handlers to perform loading and assay of sources. This document presents the findings of the working group on the responsibilities of the institutional medical physicist and a clarification of the existing AAPM recommendations in the assay of brachytherapy sources. Responsibility for the performance and attestation of source assays rests with the institutional medical physicist, who must use calibration equipment appropriate for each source type used at the institution. Such equipment and calibration procedures shall ensure secondary traceability to a national standard. For each multi-source implant, 10% of the sources or ten sources, whichever is greater, are to be assayed. Procedures for presterilized source packaging are outlined. The mean source strength of the assayed sources must agree with the manufacturer's stated strength to within 3%, or action must be taken to resolve the difference. Third party assays do not absolve the institutional physicist from the responsibility to perform the institutional measurement and attest to the strength of the implanted sources. The AAPM leaves it to the discretion of the institutional medical physicist whether the manufacturer's or institutional physicist's measured value should be used in performing dosimetry calculations.

  5. Defendants' liability for pure mental harm to third parties in Australia: still a work in progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendelson, Danuta

    2009-10-01

    In Australia, both common and statutory law allows compensation for negligently occasioned recognised psychiatric injury, but distinguishes between pure mental harm and consequential mental harm. This column briefly discusses the concept of pure "mental harm" and the major Australian cases relating to defendants' liability to third parties for causing them pure mental harm (Jaensch v Coffey (1984) 155 CLR 549; Tame v New South Wales; Annetts v Australian Stations Pty Ltd (2002) 211 CLR 317; Sullivan v Moody (2001) 207 CLR 562; and Gifford v Strang Patrick Stevedoring Pty Ltd (2003) 214 CLR 269). The analysis focuses on judicial approaches to determining liability in these cases, especially causation. Lack of guiding principles and precise tests for attribution of liability are illustrated by Kemp v Lyell McEwin Health Service (2006) 96 SASR 192. This case is analysed first in the context of common law, and then in the light of the reform legislation contained in the Civil Liability Act 1936 (SA) and similar provisions in other jurisdictions.

  6. Gendering transnational party politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kantola, Johanna; Rolandsen-Agustín, Lise

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we analyze transnational party politics in the European Union from a gender perspective. This is a subject that has been neglected both by mainstream European studies on party politics and by gender scholars who work on political parties. Drawing on the insights of these two...... research traditions, we build toward an analytical framework to study gender and transnational party politics. Our empirical analysis focuses on two policy issues, the economic crisis and the sexual and reproductive health and rights, analyzing European Parliament reports, debates and voting on the issues...... right axis and, at the same time, internal divisions within party groups affect policy output....

  7. GRETA’s First Years of Work: Review of the monitoring of implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Planitzer

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The monitoring mechanism of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (CoE Convention consists of an independent group of experts (GRETA and a Committee of Parties. GRETA, which began work in 2009, develops questionnaires for States Parties, reviews their replies and conducts study visits. It then produces a report that is used by the Committee of Parties to make recommendations. This article analyses GRETA’s work until November 2011 by assessing the available materials including the questionnaire, the three published replies of States Parties to the questionnaire and the five published final reports on the parties. The objective of the article is to examine the capacity of this process to contribute to enhancing the accountability of States Parties, and to consider whether the application of a human rights-based approach by the parties can, in fact, be effectively monitored. The article also considers the role of civil society in the monitoring process and the ways in which this could be enhanced.

  8. Designing a new structure for storing nuclear data. Progress of the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation subgroup #38

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattoon, C. M.; Beck, B. R.

    2015-12-01

    An international effort is underway to design a new structure for storing and using nuclear reaction data, with the goal of eventually replacing the current standard, ENDF-6 (see the formats manual at http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/csewg/docs/endf-manual.pdf). This effort, organized by the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation, was initiated in 2012 and has resulted in a list of requirements and specifications for how the proposed new structure shall perform. The new structure will take advantage of new developments in computational tools, using a nested hierarchy to store data. The structure can be stored in text form (such as an XML file) for human readability and data sharing, or it can be stored in binary to optimize data access. In this paper, we present the progress towards completing the requirements, specifications and implementation of the new structure.

  9. Data sharing in stem cell translational science: policy statement by the International Stem Cell Forum Ethics Working Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bredenoord, Annelien L; Mostert, Menno; Isasi, Rosario; Knoppers, Bartha M

    2015-01-01

    Data and sample sharing constitute a scientific and ethical imperative but need to be conducted in a responsible manner in order to protect individual interests as well as maintain public trust. In 2014, the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH) adopted a common Framework for Responsible Sharing of Genomic and Health-Related Data. The GA4GH Framework is applicable to data sharing in the stem cell field, however, interpretation is required so as to provide guidance for this specific context. In this paper, the International Stem Cell Forum Ethics Working Party discusses those principles that are specific to translational stem cell science, including engagement, data quality and safety, privacy, security and confidentiality, risk-benefit analysis and sustainability.

  10. Designing a new structure for storing nuclear data. Progress of the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation subgroup 38

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattoon, C.M.; Beck, B.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-12-15

    An international effort is underway to design a new structure for storing and using nuclear reaction data, with the goal of eventually replacing the current standard, ENDF-6 (see the formats manual at http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/csewg/docs/endf-manual.pdf). This effort, organized by the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation, was initiated in 2012 and has resulted in a list of requirements and specifications for how the proposed new structure shall perform. The new structure will take advantage of new developments in computational tools, using a nested hierarchy to store data. The structure can be stored in text form (such as an XML file) for human readability and data sharing, or it can be stored in binary to optimize data access. In this paper, we present the progress towards completing the requirements, specifications and implementation of the new structure. (orig.)

  11. Publishing SNP genotypes of human embryonic stem cell lines: policy statement of the International Stem Cell Forum Ethics Working Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knoppers, Bartha M; Isasi, Rosario; Benvenisty, Nissim; Kim, Ock-Joo; Lomax, Geoffrey; Morris, Clive; Murray, Thomas H; Lee, Eng Hin; Perry, Margery; Richardson, Genevra; Sipp, Douglas; Tanner, Klaus; Wahlström, Jan; de Wert, Guido; Zeng, Fanyi

    2011-09-01

    Novel methods and associated tools permitting individual identification in publicly accessible SNP databases have become a debatable issue. There is growing concern that current technical and ethical safeguards to protect the identities of donors could be insufficient. In the context of human embryonic stem cell research, there are no studies focusing on the probability that an hESC line donor could be identified by analyzing published SNP profiles and associated genotypic and phenotypic information. We present the International Stem Cell Forum (ISCF) Ethics Working Party's Policy Statement on "Publishing SNP Genotypes of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines (hESC)". The Statement prospectively addresses issues surrounding the publication of genotypic data and associated annotations of hESC lines in open access databases. It proposes a balanced approach between the goals of open science and data sharing with the respect for fundamental bioethical principles (autonomy, privacy, beneficence, justice and research merit and integrity).

  12. 推进高校党建工作科学化水平研究%Scientifically pushing party - building work of university forward

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈有梓

    2011-01-01

    Party - building work in university is an important part of party development, and a political base of carrying out all works of university. Based on the university leadership system, leader team building, organizational building and student party -building work, the achievements and influence of strengthening ideological and political education in university were analyzed.%高校党建工作是党的建设新的伟大工程的重要组成部分,是推动高校各项事业改革发展的政治基础。文中从完善学校领导体制、队伍建设、组织建设和加强学生党建几方面,分析探讨了加强学校党建工作对思想政治教育工作的成效和影响。

  13. ON APPROACHES TO INNOVATION IN PARTY BUILDING WORK FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS%创新大学生党建工作路径探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋笃君

    2015-01-01

    大学生党建工作是高校党建工作的重要内容,是党的建设新的伟大工程的重要组成部分,积极探索高校大学生党建工作的新思路、新模式,是摆在高校党务工作者面前的一项重要而紧迫的任务。从科学制定学生党员发展规划,优化学生党员的结构;明确发展重点,确保学生党员发展的质量;创建“新三进”,拓展学生党建工作的平台;完善学生党建工作机制,严格规范基层党组织管理体系等方面进行了理论与实践探讨,旨在推进高校大学生党建工作再上新台阶。%Party building work for college students is an important content of Party building work in college&universities and is an integral part of the great project of Party building. It is an important and urgent task for college Party building workers to actively explore new ideas and new models of Party building work. In order to promote student Party building work to a new level,the thesis conducts theoretical and practical exploration in terms of such aspects as follows:Scientifically formulate the plan for cultivating student Party members and op-timize the structure of them;makes clear the focus and ensure the quality of student Party members;create“Three New criterions for Excellence”and expand the platform for student Party building;improve the work-ing mechanism and strictly regulate the management system of the grassroots organizations.

  14. An Analysis on the Lack of the Party Construction Work of College Students%高校大学生党建工作不足探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴燕端

    2013-01-01

    The party construction work of college students is the important part of party construction work. It is a very complicated system engineering, It plays a very important role for the maintenance of the stability of colleges and universities, in promoting the school spirit, and the construction of the style of study. The overall situation of current college students party construction work is solid and productive. But with the expansion of enrollment and the effects of factors such as social transformation, party construction work of college students does exist many problems which in a certain extent influence the development of higher education. The author reflects and analysed on the problems existing in the current university student's party building work, wishes that the party workers in carrying out the work of party building of college students can be an antidote against the disease, and then provide some reference for better development of College Students' Party construction.%  高校大学生党建工作是党建工作的重要组织部分,是一项非常复杂的系统工程,它对于维护高校稳定,促进高校的校风、学风建设等方面起着十分重要的作用,就当前高校大学生党建工作的总体情况而言,工作是扎实的、富有成效的。但是,随着高校扩招,社会转型等因素的影响,高校大学生党建工作确实存在不少的问题,并且这些问题在一定程度上影响着高校教育事业的发展,笔者反思了当前大学生党建工作中存在的现实问题,并对此问题进行了分析,希望通过问题的提出,使党建工作者在开展大学生党建工作时能对症下药,为大学生党建工作的更好开展提供一些参考。

  15. Activity report of working party on reactor physics of accelerator-driven system. July 1999 to March 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    Under the Research Committee on Reactor Physics, the Working Party on Reactor Physics of Accelerator-Driven System (ADS-WP) was set in July 1999 to review and investigate special subjects related to reactor physics research for the Accelerator-Driven Subcritical System (ADS). The ADS-WP, at the first meeting, discussed a guideline of its activity for two years and decided to concentrate upon three subjects: (1) neutron transport calculations in high energy range, (2) static and kinetic (safety-related) characteristics of subcritical system, and (3) system design including ADS concepts and elemental technology developments required. The activity of ADS-WP continued from July 1999 to March 2001. In this duration, the members of ADS-WP met together four times and discussed the above subjects. In addition, the ADS-WP conducted a questionnaire on requests and proposals for the plan of Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility in the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Project, which is a joint project between JAERI and KEK (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization). This report summarizes the results obtained by the above ADS-WP activity. (author)

  16. 新时期大学生党建工作路径%The Paths of College Students’Party Construction Work in the New Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婷; 吴雄祥

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, Our country pays high attention to the work of developing party members, the team of party mem-bers in the college students is growing continually. The colleges and universities play an important role in training socialist builders and successors, so it is of great significance to strengthen college students’party construction work. The paper ana-lyzes the existing problems in the party construction work in colleges and universities in the new situation, and explores effec-tive paths to strengthen the work.%  近年来,国家高度重视党员发展工作,高校大学生党员队伍不断壮大。高校担负着培养社会主义建设者和接班人的历史重任,加强高校大学生党建工作具有重大意义,文章从新时期高校党建工作存在的问题展开分析,探索加强高校大学生党建工作的有效途径。

  17. SWAB/NVALT (Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy and Dutch Association of Chest Physicians) Guidelines on the Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiersinga, W. J.; Bonten, M. J.; Boersma, W. G.; Jonkers, R. E.; Aleva, R. M.; Kullberg, B. J.; Schouten, J. A.; Degener, J. E.; Janknegt, R.; Verheij, T. J.; Sachs, A. P. E.; Prins, J. M.

    2012-01-01

    The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy (SWAB) and the Dutch Association of Chest Physicians (NVALT) convened a joint committee to develop evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The guidelines are intended for adult patients with CAP who

  18. SWAB/NVALT (Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy and Dutch Association of Chest Physicians) Guidelines on the Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiersinga, W. J.; Bonten, M. J.; Boersma, W. G.; Jonkers, R. E.; Aleva, R. M.; Kullberg, B. J.; Schouten, J. A.; Degener, J. E.; Janknegt, R.; Verheij, T. J.; Sachs, A. P. E.; Prins, J. M.

    2012-01-01

    The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy (SWAB) and the Dutch Association of Chest Physicians (NVALT) convened a joint committee to develop evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The guidelines are intended for adult patients with CAP who

  19. Validation of epidemiological tools for eczema diagnosis in brazilian children: the isaac's and uk working party's criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreira Shirlei C

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Instruments for field diagnosis of eczema are increasingly used, and it is essential to understand specific limitations to make best use of their strengths. Our objective was to assess the validity of ISAAC and UK Working Party criteria for field diagnosis of eczema in children. Methods We performed a cohort study in urban Brazil. Parents/guardians of 1,419 children answered ISAAC phase II questionnaire. Children were examined for skin lesions (UKWP protocol. Two dermatologists examined most cases of eczema (according to ISAAC or UKWP, and a sample without eczema. Results Agreement between repeat questionnaires on the filter question was poor (kappa = 0.4. Agreement between the 2 dermatologists was fair (kappa = 0.6. False positive reports included scabies in 39% of ISAAC cases and 33% of UKWP cases. Sensitivity and PPV were low (ISAAC: 37.1% and 16.1%; UKWP: 28.6% and 23.8%. Specificity and NPV were high (ISAAC: 90.0% and 96.6%; UKWP: 95.3% and 96.2%. One-year prevalence of eczema was 11.3% (ISAAC, 5.9% (UKWP and 4.9% (adjusted dermatologist diagnosis. Point prevalence of scabies (alone or not was 43%, 33% and 18%, in eczemas according to ISAAC, to UKWP and to dermatologists. The reasons why children with eczema were not identified by ISAAC or UKWP were wrongly denying dry skin, itchy rash or personal history of atopic diseases. A limitation is that questionnaire was already validated in Brazil, but not field tested in this specific setting. Conclusions Studies using UKWP or ISAAC criteria should include a validation arm, to contribute to the understanding of potential limitations of their use in different contexts and to explore solutions. We list specific recommendations.

  20. 学校社会工作视角下的高校学生党建工作创新研究%In the perspective of school social work, innovation of Party construction work of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冬

    2014-01-01

    高校学生党建工作作为高校党的建设伟大工程的重要组成部分,是加强和改进大学生思想政治工作的主要内容。如何创新大学生党建工作的新模式,以有效应对新情况、新挑战,是新时期高校党建工作的实践和理论研究的重要课题。本文尝试将学校社会工作方法运用到高校基层党建工作领域,探讨新时期高校学生党建工作的创新。%The university student Party construction work as an important part of the great project of the Party Construction in universities, is the main content of strengthening and improving college students ideological and political work. The new model to the innovation of College Students' Party building work, to effectively deal with the new situation and new challenges, is an important subject in the practice and theoretical research of Party building in colleges and universities in the new period. This paper attempts to make the school social work method is applied to the grass-roots party construction work in the field, to explore the innovation of Party construction work of college students in the new period.

  1. NWRS Region 6 Inventory & Monitoring FY 2011 Annual Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 6, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  2. NWRS Region 1 Inventory & Monitoring FY 2011 Annual Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 1, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  3. NWRS Region 3 Inventory & Monitoring FY 2011 Annual Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 3, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  4. NWRS Region 2 Inventory & Monitoring FY 2011 Annual Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 2, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  5. NWRS Region 8 Inventory & Monitoring FY 2011 Annual Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 8, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  6. NWRS Region 7 Inventory & Monitoring FY 2011 Annual Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 7, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  7. NWRS Region 4 Inventory & Monitoring FY 2011 Annual Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 4, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  8. Party Building Work of Universities in the Internet Age%网络时代高校党建工作探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱宁

    2012-01-01

      With the advent of the Internet age, the university party building work is faced with opportunities and challenges coexist situation. The network can provide a new platform, improve working way, help the members play a more main role, but also impact on the students thoughts, increased the pressure of col ege party construction team, and the work experience is obviously insufficient. Therefore, to grasp the direction, form resultant force, perfect system, in order to ensure the university party building work.%  随着网络时代的到来,高校党建工作面临着新的机遇与挑战。网络可以提供新平台、改善工作方式、有利于发挥党员的主体作用,但也冲击着高校学生的思想、加大了党建工作队伍的压力,高校在网络时代的党建工作经验明显不足。因此,需要把握方向、形成合力、完善体制,多方面保证高校党建工作的顺利开展。

  9. 论党的作风建设“新常态”%On the"New Normal"of Construction of the Party's Working Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋成会

    2015-01-01

    As the development of "new normal" ideas and thinking,the "new normal" provides a new perspective to the study of the Party's working style construction.The CPC Central Committee of the new term takes the construction of working style as an important point of work start and has adopted a series of powerful new measures,put forward some new ideas of the construction of the Party and inject new momentum into the Party's working style construction and lead the construction of Par-ty's working style to a"new normal":the Party's working style construction being often strengthened,the ideological style being transformed;carrying forward the style of hard work and plain living and setting up the bottom line thinking;adherence to the"Eight Provisions",and the leadership setting an example;maintaining close ties with the masses,and emphasizing the core link;exercising rigid regulations and controlling the leader teams;and tightening the cage of system,and constructing a fundamental guarantee.%随着“新常态”的理念和思维的发展,“新常态”为党的作风建设的研究提供了新视角。新一届党中央把加强作风建设作为工作开局的重要切入点,采取了一系列强有力的新措施,提出了党风建设的新观点,为党的作风建设注入了新动力,使党的作风建设进入“新常态”:常补精神之“钙”,转变思想作风;发扬艰苦奋斗,树立底线思维;严守“八项规定”,领导作出表率;密切联系群众,抓实核心环节;落实“三严三实”,管好干部队伍;扎紧制度笼子,构筑根本保障。

  10. Memory Without Parties or Parties Without Memory?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Mario Solís Delgadillo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the role of political parties in Argentina, Chile and Guatemala in relation to the implementation of public policies of memory after the return to democracy in each of these countries. To do this, we discuss the concept of memory and the problems of memorial obsession. We consider the uses and abuses of memory that human rights organizations manifest on the subject, and examine the work of the parties about the level of adaptation that allows claims of human rights movement to become matters of public policy.

  11. On Student Party Member Development Work in General Universities%做好普通高校学生党员发展工作的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂东明

    2012-01-01

    There are some problems existed in the student Party member development work in general universities,such as inputs forces insufficient,serious motivation utilitarian tendency for students joining the Party,the proportion imbalances for different grade student Party members,the poor pioneer and model role playing for the student Party member and so on.The main reason is that the awareness is not in place,training education is not in place and the work program in not in place.To solve the problem should be enhancing ideological understanding,improve working mechanisms,strengthening training and education,standard development procedures,strengthen the team construction and other aspects.%普通高校学生党员发展工作中还比较普遍地存在投入力量不足、学生入党动机功利性倾向严重、不同年级学生党员比例失衡和学生党员先锋模范作用发挥欠佳等问题。其主要原因是:认识不到位,培训教育不到位,工作程序不到位。解决问题应从提高思想认识、完善工作机制、强化培训教育、规范发展程序、加强队伍建设等方面着手。

  12. [Effect of work with computer monitors on the visual system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niesłuchowska, M

    1994-03-01

    Computer users complain of numerous visual discomforts. The paper discusses those connected with eye fatigue and changes in visual functions associated with the work with monitor screens; these can be alleviated with an ergonomic organization of the work unit. There is a need for a determination of the requirements in visual functions for computer users.

  13. 加强高校二级党校工作的实践与思考%Practice and Thinking on Strengthen the Work of Secondary Party School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀丽

    2012-01-01

    目前高校二级党校培训存在着教学管理不够规范、教学资源相对匮乏、教育受众不够宽广、课程设置较为随意以及课堂教学感召力不强等问题,在大党校理念指导下,将二级党校培训放在大局工作和核心工作中去部署,提出通过加强制度建设,扩大受众范围,重视师资整合,丰富教学内容的建议,来提升二级党校党员教育质量,促进二级党校培训合理健康地发展。%At present,secondary college training in teaching and management is not standardized,the relative scarcity of teaching resources,not enough wide audience of education,the curriculum is more casual,classroom teaching charisma and other issues,in large party philosophy under the guidance,secondary school training putto deploy in the overall situation of work and core work to strengthen the system and reach a greater audience,emphasis on teacher integration,enrich the teaching contents suggested two Party to improve the quality of education of party members,and promote a reasonable and healthy development of the training in the secondary party school.

  14. 加强基层地震队党建工作的思考%On Strengthening Party Building Work in Seismic Crews

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪新

    2016-01-01

    Seismic crews of Petroleum Engineering Geophysics Company have formed political advantage in five aspects and dealt with five internal and external relationships in Party building work for the past few years .To strengthen Party building work in grassroots seismic crews is to transform the idea on the work by intensifying two cognitions , to promote the work ability through four combinations and to lay a solid foundation for the work by improving four capabilities .%中石化石油工程地球物理有限公司地理地质信息勘查分公司基层地震队近年来在党建工作思想认识上到位;工作方法措施到位;形成了五项政治优势;处好了五种内外关系。要进一步加强基层地震队党建工作,就必须强化“两个认识”改变党建工作的思想观念;要通过“四个结合”提升基层党建工作能力;要通过提高“四种能力”来夯实基层党建工作。

  15. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate!

  16. Final work plan : groundwater monitoring at Morrill, Kansas.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaFreniere, L. M.

    2006-01-27

    This Work Plan outlines the scope of work for a program of twice yearly groundwater monitoring at Morrill, Kansas (Figure 1.1). The purposes of this monitoring program are to follow changes in plume dynamics and to collect data necessary to evaluate the suitability of monitored natural attenuation as a remedial option, under the requirements of Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Policy No.BER-RS-042. This monitoring program is planned for a minimum of 2 yr. The planned monitoring activity is part of an investigation at Morrill being performed on behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), by the Environmental Research Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by the University of Chicago for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The CCC/USDA has entered into an interagency agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA with environmental site characterization and remediation at its former grain storage facilities. Details and background for this Work Plan were presented previously (Argonne 2004, 2005). Argonne has also issued a Master Work Plan (Argonne 2002) that describes the general scope of and guidance for all investigations at former CCC/USDA facilities in Kansas. The Master Work Plan (approved by the KDHE) contains the materials common to investigations at all locations in Kansas. These documents must be consulted for the complete details of plans for this work associated with the former CCC/USDA facility at Morrill.

  17. Final work plan : groundwater monitoring at Centralia, Kansas.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2005-08-31

    This Work Plan outlines the scope of work for a program of twice yearly groundwater monitoring at the site of a former grain storage facility at Centralia, Kansas (Figure 1.1). The purposes of this monitoring program are to follow changes in plume dynamics and to collect data necessary to evaluate the suitability of monitored natural attenuation as a remedial option, under the requirements of Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Policy No.BER-RS-042. This monitoring program is planned for a minimum of 2 yr. The planned monitoring activity is part of an investigation at Centralia being performed on behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), by the Environmental Research Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by the University of Chicago for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The CCC/USDA has entered into an interagency agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA with environmental site characterization and remediation at its former grain storage facilities. Details and background for this Work Plan were presented previously (Argonne 2004, 2005). Argonne has also issued a Master Work Plan (Argonne 2002) that describes the general scope of and guidance for all investigations at former CCC/USDA facilities in Kansas. The Master Work Plan (approved by the KDHE) contains the materials common to investigations at all locations in Kansas. These documents must be consulted for the complete details of plans for this work associated with the former CCC/USDA facility at Centralia.

  18. Metacognitive monitoring and strategic behaviour in working memory performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touron, Dayna R; Oransky, Natalie; Meier, Matthew E; Hines, Jarrod C

    2010-08-01

    Research indicates that cognitive age differences can be influenced by metacognitive factors. This research has generally focused on simple memory tasks. Age differences in working memory (WM) performance are pronounced, but are typically attributed to basic cognitive deficits rather than metacognitive factors. However, WM performance can be influenced by strategic behaviour that might be driven by metacognitive monitoring. In the current project, we attempted to connect these lines of research by examining age differences in metacognitive WM monitoring and strategies. In Experiment 1, younger and older adult participants completed a computerized operation span task in conditions that either required or did not require monitoring reports. Participants in the monitoring condition predicted and postdicted global performance for each block and rated their responses following each trial within a block. In Experiment 2, participants also reported their trial-level strategic approach. In contrast to the age equivalence typically found for simple memory monitoring, results demonstrated age differences in WM monitoring accuracy. Overall age differences in strategy use were not found, but using effective strategies benefited older adults' performance more than younger adults'. Furthermore, age-related differences in the WM task appear to be mediated by the accuracy of performance monitoring.

  19. The Establishment of Working Mechanism for Party Development in Institutions of High Education from the Perspective of Engineering%论高校党建工作中工程思维模式的应用和实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴春芳

    2011-01-01

    The work of Party development in institutions of high education plays an important part in the project of Party construction.In this new era,it is theoretically as well as practically significant to take a fresh look and innovate on the work of Party development in institutions of high education from the perspective of engineering,establishing a scientific and sustainable mechanism for the said work.Engineering involves such features as scientific,standard,controllable and efficient,which are consistent with aspects like goal,target,content and implementation effect of the work of Party development in institutions of high education.Specifically,management theories such as engineering design,engineering management and engineering examination are embodied in the process of carrying out the work of Party development;the standardization,normalization and scientification of the work of Party development are to be enhanced;quality and process control in the work of Party development is to be strengthened;the service system for the work of Party development is to be set up.%工程思维具有科学、标准、可控和高效等多种特点,与高校党建工作的目标、对象、内容和实施效果等方面息息相通。具体表现为:在高校党建工作的实施过程中体现工程设计、工程管理和工程检验等管理思想;提高高校党建工作的标准化、规范化和科学化程度;加强高校党建工作的质量与过程控制;建立高校党建工作的服务体系。

  20. Christmas party

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    The Christmas party organized by the Staff Association took place on Saturday 3 December. 200 children from 5 to 7 years old attended a magic show which filled them with wonder. Then they were served a snack in the Novae restaurant. Finally, just before their parents came to pick them up, Father Christmas gave them a present. The Staff Association wishes you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

  1. Clinical Application of the UK Working Party's Criteria for the Diagnosis of Atopic Dermatitis in the Chinese Population by Age Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Wang; Lin-Feng Li

    2016-01-01

    Background:Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory skin disease with an increasingly significant prevalence.The prevalence of AD depends greatly on how its diagnosis is done.The UK Working Party's diagnostic criteria for AD are simple and easy to apply without invasive laboratory tests.This study assessed the clinical utility of these criteria in China.Methods:Data were collected from 6208 patients at 31 tertiary hospitals in 13 Chinese provinces/municipalities from March 2014 to May 2014..The agreement between the UK diagnostic criteria and the clinical records for AD was assessed by Cohen's kappa.Results:The overall agreement between the UK diagnostic criteria and clinical diagnosis was fair (kappa =0.40).A slightly better agreement was found in patients aged between 4 and 9 years (kappa =0.48),while fair agreement was found in the group <4 years and the group ≥10 years (kappa =0.27 and 0.39,respectively).Using the UK party's criteria as the standard,the sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value of the clinical diagnosis of AD were 62.3%,89.2%,38.0%,and 95.7%,respectively.Conclusions:Our study indicates a modest ability among Chinese dermatologists to apply the UK Working Party's diagnostic criteria for AD,especially in patients aged <4 years and ≥10 years.Since there is no gold standard forAD diagnosis,it is important to determine how AD is identified when evaluating a diagnostic tool.

  2. 关于创新基层党建工作的探索%On Grass-roots Party Construction Work Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯占芳

    2014-01-01

    With the continuous social development in China, the power industry is also developing rapidly. To do a good job in management and keep the correct development direction is the key point for the Party construction work of the current electric power enterprise. Facing the electric power enterprise reform and the change of market competition environment, the Party construction work of electric power enterprise also needs to keep pace with the times to innovate.%我国社会不断发展,电力行业也处于飞速的发展壮大当中。电力企业如何做好自身管理工作,保持正确的发展方向,是当前电力企业党建工作的开展重点。面临电力企业改革与市场竞争环境的变化,电力企业的党建工作开展也需要与时俱进地进行创新。

  3. Enlightenment of the Inner Party Education in the Early Period of People's Republic of China to the Party Construction Work in Universities Under the New Normality%建国初期党内教育活动对新常态下高校党建工作的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊

    2015-01-01

    Inner party education is an important measure to keep progressiveness of the Party. The Communist Party of China has attached great importance to the construction itself. From 1950 to 1954, the consolidating party and rectification is the first time mass educational activity in the party after the Chinese Communist Party became the ruling party. Now,Party construction work in colleges and universities is faced with the new normality,new tasks and new problems,and needs to learn from historical experience. Inner-party education in the early period of People's Republic of China enlighten us that in order to strengthen the party construction in colleges and universities under the new situation,we must enhance theoretical study to improve the party members' ideological awareness, perfect the organization and strengthen the construction of grass-root organizations,adhere to the standards for party members to purify the team,and strengthen leaders' style construction,stick to the party's disciplines and correct evil styles.%党内教育活动是保持党的先进性的重要举措,中国共产党历来重视自身建设,1950年到1954年的整党整风运动是中国共产党成为执政党后首次大规模的党内教育活动。当前高校党建工作面临着新常态、新任务和新问题,需要借鉴历史经验。建国初期党内教育活动启示我们,要加强新形势下高校党建工作,就必须加强理论学习,提高党员思想觉悟;健全组织生活,加强基层组织建设;坚持党员标准,纯洁党的队伍;加强领导干部作风建设,执行党的纪律和纠正不正之风。

  4. What's working, what's not: The monitoring and reporting system for Tasmania's national parks and reserves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenys Jones

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the Australian State of Tasmania's management effectiveness Monitoring and Reporting System for national parks and reserves. This jurisdictional performance measurement system is designed to provide all interested parties with reliable factual information and measured evidence about reserve management achievements, progress and challenges. Key...

  5. Monitoring psychosocial stress at work: development of the Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widerszal-Bazyl, M; Cieślak, R

    2000-01-01

    Many studies on the impact of psychosocial working conditions on health prove that psychosocial stress at work is an important risk factor endangering workers' health. Thus it should be constantly monitored like other work hazards. The paper presents a newly developed instrument for stress monitoring called the Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire (PWC). Its structure is based on Robert Karasek's model of job stress (Karasek, 1979; Karasek & Theorell, 1990). It consists of 3 main scales Job Demands, Job Control, Social Support and 2 additional scales adapted from the Occupational Stress Questionnaire (Elo, Leppanen, Lindstrom, & Ropponen, 1992), Well-Being and Desired Changes. The study of 8 occupational groups (bank and insurance specialists, middle medical personnel, construction workers, shop assistants, government and self-government administration officers, computer scientists, public transport drivers, teachers, N = 3,669) indicates that PWC has satisfactory psychometrics parameters. Norms for the 8 groups were developed.

  6. 做好新形势下信教群众工作的对策%Countermeasures on the Party's Mass Work of Religious Believers under New Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周新芳

    2014-01-01

    做好信教群众工作,引导信教群众正确认识理解宗教的本质;充分发挥宗教在教化群众中的积极作用;发挥宗教的社会整合作用、道德教化作用、心理调适作用、文化促进作用和政治影响作用;全面贯彻落实党的宗教工作基本方针;落实党的宗教信仰自由政策,切实维护宗教界和信教群众的合法权益,积极引导信教群众与社会主义社会相适应;形成做好信教群众工作的社会合力。%The mass work of religious believers should be done well in order to guide the believers correctly to understand the essence of religion ;give full play to the positive role of religion in the education of the mass ;give full play to the religion's social integration function ,moral education function ,psychological adjustment function ,culture promotion function and political influence function ;fully implement the Party's basic policy of religious work ;implement the Party's policy in the freedom of reli-gious belief ,safeguard the religion and the religious believers'legitimate rights and interests ,actively guide the religious believ-ers to adapt to the socialist society ;form the social force of doing mass work of religious believers .

  7. Conflict stress and reduced well-being at work : The buffering effect of third-party help

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giebels, E; Janssen, O

    This study among 108 Dutch social services workers examined whether particularly the intrapsychic tension directly associated with interpersonal conflict at work, i.e., conflict stress, is responsible for reduced well-being in terms of emotional exhaustion, absenteeism, and turnover intentions.

  8. The Analysis of Jiangsu Province Environment Monitoring System Third Party Software Test Example%浅析江苏省生态环境监控系统第三方软件测试实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彦红

    2015-01-01

    江苏省生态环境监控系统(1831系统)为全省的环保工作提供了完备的监督监测平台和丰富的实时底层业务数据。第三方检测机构对1831系统进行了全面的软件验收测试,发现缺陷,排查问题,为系统的正常稳定运行提供了有力保障。文章就江苏省生态环境监控系统第三方软件测试实例进行了分析。%Jiangsu province environment monitoring system(1831 system)has provided complete monitoring plat⁃form and abundant real time basic data for entire province's environmental protection working. Third party testing department has performed software acceptance testing for 1831 system roundly, found bugs and figured out prob⁃lems, guaranteed 1831 system steady operation.

  9. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! http://www.cern.ch/cern50/

  10. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! http://www.cern.ch/cern50/

  11. Dimensional comparability of psychosocial working conditions as covered in European monitoring questionnaires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Formazin, Maren; Burr, Hermann; Aagestad, Cecilie; Tynes, Tore; Thorsen, Sannie Vester; Perkio-Makela, Merja; Díaz Aramburu, Clara Isabel; Pinilla García, Francisco Javier; Galiana Blanco, Luz; Vermeylen, Greet; Parent-Thirion, Agnes; Hooftman, Wendela; Houtman, Irene

    2014-12-09

    In most countries in the EU, national surveys are used to monitor working conditions and health. Since the development processes behind the various surveys are not necessarily theoretical, but certainly practical and political, the extent of similarity among the dimensions covered in these surveys has been unclear. Another interesting question is whether prominent models from scientific research on work and health are present in the surveys--bearing in mind that the primary focus of these surveys is on monitoring status and trends, not on mapping scientific models. Moreover, it is relevant to know which other scales and concepts not stemming from these models have been included in the surveys. The purpose of this paper is to determine (1) the similarity of dimensions covered in the surveys included and (2) the congruence of dimensions of scientific research and of dimensions present in the monitoring systems. Items from surveys representing six European countries and one European wide survey were classified into the dimensions they cover, using a taxonomy agreed upon among all involved partners from the six countries. The classification reveals that there is a large overlap of dimensions, albeit not in the formulation of items, covered in the seven surveys. Among the available items, the two prominent work-stress-models--job-demand-control-support-model (DCS) and effort-reward-imbalance-model (ERI)--are covered in most surveys even though this has not been the primary aim in the compilation of these surveys. In addition, a large variety of items included in the surveillance systems are not part of these models and are--at least partly--used in nearly all surveys. These additional items reflect concepts such as "restructuring", "meaning of work", "emotional demands" and "offensive behaviour/violence & harassment". The overlap of the dimensions being covered in the various questionnaires indicates that the interests of the parties deciding on the questionnaires in

  12. 当前高校学生党建工作存在的问题及对策探析%Current Problems and Countermeasures of College Students' Party Building Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石莹; 邓思然

    2012-01-01

    当前,受到经济全球化、政治多极化、社会信息化、价值多元化等诸多因素的深刻影响,高校学生党建工作面临新的挑战,出现了一系列新的问题:学生党员入党动机不纯,功利主义取向明显;党员教育管理工作滞后,工作创新性、针对性、有效性不足;高校学生党建工作队伍整体素质不高,工作水平亟待加强等。为此,对当前高校学生党建工作的现状及存在的问题进行深入的分析与探讨,并提出科学合理的对策建议,是当前高校学生党建工作的当务之急。%At present,by the profound impact of economic globalization and political multi-polarization and social information,the value of diversification of many factors,College Students' Party work is facing new challenges,a series of new problems:student party members impure motives,obvious utilitarian orientation;education of Party members lag,the work of innovative,targeted,the effectiveness of less than;college students' Party work is not high overall quality,level of work should be strengthened.To this end,the current status of college students' Party work and problems of in-depth analysis and discussion,and to make scientific and reasonable suggestions,and current college students the top priority of the work of party building.

  13. Collaboration improves outcomes: cross county, joint acute and primary care, working party to select a super absorbent dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenwick, Kim; Florence, Lorraine; Godar, Sue; Guy, Heidi; Tilbe, Helen

    2012-11-01

    This abstract highlights the work undertaken by the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Tissue Viability Nurses Forum (BHTVNF) to select a super absorbent dressing for local formularies. A range of super absorbent dressings was selected to be included in the evaluation based on their accessibility via FP10 or NHS Supply chain. Dressings were evaluated in the hospital setting, community setting and leg ulcer clinics. Table top evaluations were also undertaken. Performance of dressings both clinically and via table top were considered along with costs. It was interesting to find out that hospital patients had different needs to community patients and as such three recommendations were made. The acute sector has added one super absorbent which is different from the community selected one. The community has also selected a lower performing super absorbent which the acute sector has not chosen.

  14. Making Higher Education Work: A Comparison of Discourses in the United Kingdom's Conservative and Labour Parties' General Election Manifestos between 1979 and 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souto-Otero, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    This article elaborates a model of social democratic and conservative discourses in relation to access, financing, management, and results of higher education. The model is contrasted with the position of the Conservative Party and the Labour Party in the United Kingdom from the late 1970s to 2010 as expressed in their electoral manifestos. The…

  15. Implementation of flow cytometry in the diagnostic work-up of myelodysplastic syndromes in a multicenter approach : Report from the Dutch Working Party on Flow Cytometry in MDS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westers, Theresia M.; van der Velden, Vincent H. J.; Alhan, Canan; Bekkema, Roelof; Bijkerk, Andre; Brooimans, Rik A.; Cali, Claudia; Drager, Angelika M.; de Haas, Valerie; Homburg, Christa; Kuiper-Kramer, P. (Ellen) A.; Leenders, Marije; Lommerse, Ingrid; Marvelde, Jeroen G. te; van der Molen-Sinke, Joke K.; Moshaver, Bijan; Mulder, Andre B.; Preijers, Frank W. M. B.; Schindhelm, Roger K.; van der Sluijs, Alita; van Wering, Elisabeth R.; Westra, August H.; van de Loosdrecht, Arjan A.; de Jong, A.

    2012-01-01

    Flow cytometry (FC) is recognized as an important tool in the diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) especially when standard criteria fail. A working group within the Dutch Society of Cytometry aimed to implement FC in the diagnostic work-up of MDS. Hereto, guidelines for data acquisition, an

  16. Work Hard, Party Harder: Drug Use and Sexual Behaviour in Young British Casual Workers in Ibiza, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Kelly

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Every summer, young people flock to nightlife-focused holiday resorts around the world to find casual work. Despite being exposed to hedonistic environments, often for several months, little is known about their substance use, sexual activity and health service needs over this extended amount of time abroad. Methods: A short anonymous questionnaire examining alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviour and use of health services was administered to young British casual workers aged 16–35 in San Antonio, Ibiza (n = 171. Results: 97.7% of casual workers used alcohol in Ibiza, and the majority (85.3% used drugs. Almost half (43.5% of all participants used a drug in Ibiza that they had never used in the UK. Most casual workers arrived in Ibiza without a partner or spouse (86.5%. Of these, 86.9% had sex during their stay and 50.0% had unprotected sex; often while under the influence of alcohol. Only 14.3% of those having unprotected sex with a new partner sought a sexual health check-up in Ibiza, although 84.1% intended to do this on their return to the UK. Conclusion: Substance use and sexual risk taking is widespread among young British casual workers in Ibiza. Such international nightlife resorts represent key settings for substance-related health and social problems, and for the international spread of sexually transmitted infections. Addressing the health needs of casual workers and the environments that permit and promote their excessive behaviour requires collaboration between authorities in home and destination countries and the tourism industry.

  17. Work hard, party harder: drug use and sexual behaviour in young British casual workers in Ibiza, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Danielle; Hughes, Karen; Bellis, Mark A

    2014-09-26

    Every summer, young people flock to nightlife-focused holiday resorts around the world to find casual work. Despite being exposed to hedonistic environments, often for several months, little is known about their substance use, sexual activity and health service needs over this extended amount of time abroad. A short anonymous questionnaire examining alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviour and use of health services was administered to young British casual workers aged 16-35 in San Antonio, Ibiza (n = 171). 97.7% of casual workers used alcohol in Ibiza, and the majority (85.3%) used drugs. Almost half (43.5%) of all participants used a drug in Ibiza that they had never used in the UK. Most casual workers arrived in Ibiza without a partner or spouse (86.5%). Of these, 86.9% had sex during their stay and 50.0% had unprotected sex; often while under the influence of alcohol. Only 14.3% of those having unprotected sex with a new partner sought a sexual health check-up in Ibiza, although 84.1% intended to do this on their return to the UK. Substance use and sexual risk taking is widespread among young British casual workers in Ibiza. Such international nightlife resorts represent key settings for substance-related health and social problems, and for the international spread of sexually transmitted infections. Addressing the health needs of casual workers and the environments that permit and promote their excessive behaviour requires collaboration between authorities in home and destination countries and the tourism industry.

  18. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. Your Golden Jubilee Party Friday 17 September 2004 at 16:00 Restaurant 1, Main Building Programme Speech by Director-General Toast in honour of CERN Cocktails and ambient music Video projections of five decades of CERN and at 18:00 ... A surprise music show. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  19. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held in the cafeteria and on the terrace (if the weather permits) of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks, snacks and a surprise music show by the CERN Big Bang Orchestra! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (Bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  20. Royal College of Physicians Intercollegiate Stroke Working Party evidence-based guidelines for the nutritional support of patients who have had a stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, F; Hookway, C; Weekes, C E

    2014-04-01

    Stroke affects 15 million people each year worldwide and is one of the world's leading causes of death and physical disability. Stroke can result in a decline in nutritional status and this is associated with increased mortality and poor outcomes. The present work aimed to systematically review key aspects of the nutritional support of stroke patients at risk of malnutrition and to provide evidence-based guidelines for use in clinical practice. The work was conducted as part of the process to develop the 4th edition of the Royal College of Physicians' (RCP) 'National Clinical Guideline (NCG) for Stroke'. Questions were generated by the search team, together with contributions from members of the Virtual Stroke Group and the RCP Intercollegiate Stroke Working Party Guideline Development Group. Six questions covering several areas of nutritional support after stroke were defined and searches were conducted through to 31 October 2011 using five electronic databases (Embase, Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and Web of Science). All included studies were assessed for quality and risk of bias using the van Tulder criteria for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and the Quorum criteria for systematic reviews. In total, 4215 abstracts were identified, 24 papers were reviewed and 13 systematic reviews and RCTs were included to provide evidence for the nutritional support components of the guidelines. For each question, evidence statements, recommendations and practical considerations were developed. This systematic review process has resulted in the development of evidence-based guidelines for use in clinical practice and has identified areas for further research. © 2013 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.

  1. My Birthday Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘世一; 张光远

    2005-01-01

    Birthday party is a celebration for one's grown-up.Every year people celebrate their birthday in different ways.Young teenagers just like us are eager to have parties,but some old people are afraid to have their birthday party.Maybe they don't hope to be older.But I think birthday party is a joyful day for me.

  2. 健全党的作风建设防控监督机制的调查与思考%Investigation and Thinking on Completing the Party's Conduct Construction, Monitoring and Supervision Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭江龙; 许益

    2015-01-01

    At present the Party's conduct construction,monitoring and supervision mechanism still has the fol-lowing problems:first,institutional norms are incomplete and lack of distribution;second,institutional interlin-king is too loose and lack of synergy;third,institutional updating is not timely and lack of constraints;and fourth,institutional execution is not in place and lack of practical effect. To complete the conduct construction, monitoring and supervision mechanism according to the requirement of comprehensively strengthening party dis-cipline ,we must innovate in the ideas and methods of working:transform from"moral constraining"to"constrai-ning by moral and institution";from"power constraining"to"constraining by right and power";from"limited supervision"to"all-around supervision";and from"intra-regime supervision"to"intra and extra-regime supervision". To promote the routinization of conduct construction,monitoring and supervision,the key is to strengthen the construction of power running constraint and supervision mechanism and do well the following work:emphasizing the critical links and strengthening risk control;completing the network and form cubic super-vision;and work hard in critical points to strengthen responsibility investigation and ensure the working of mech-anism.%当前党的作风建设防控监督机制还存在以下问题:一是制度规范不完善,缺乏周延性.二是制度衔接不紧密,缺乏协同性.三是制度更新不及时,缺乏约束性.四是制度执行不到位,缺乏实效性.当前,按照全面从严治党的要求,健全作风建设防控监督机制,迫切需要创新工作理念、方法路径:要由"道德制约"向"道德和制度并重制约"转变;要由"权力制约"向"权力和权利并重制约"转变;要由"有限监督"向"全方位监督"转变;要由"党政体制内监督"向"体制内体制外监督并重"转变.推进作风建设防控监督常态化,关键在于加强权力运行制约监督机制建设,

  3. The Role of Grass-Roots Party Organizations in the Food and Drug Supervision Work in Colleges and Universities%高校基层党组织在食品药品监管工作中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈江华; 蓝蔚青; 陆烨; 梁建国

    2016-01-01

    以上海海洋大学为例,对上海市政府相关部门在食品药品监管工作中存在的不足进行剖析,围绕高校基层党组织在食品药品监管工作中的地位与作用,采取措施如下:增强市民对食品安全与营养重要性的认识和理解;开展食品药品安全科普宣传与人员培训工作;开展“每日舆情监测分析”与相关课题征集活动;实现“官产学研”四位一体良性循环的合作联动模式。以此为后期协助政府相关部门做好监管工作提供借鉴。%Taking Shanghai Ocean University as an example, analyzed the existing problems of the relevant departments of the municipal government of Shanghai in the food and drug supervision work, around the grass-roots party organizations in the food and drug supervision work in the status and role, measures taken are as follows:enhanced public awareness and understanding of the importance of food safety and nutrition;carry out food and drug safety of publicizing and training of staff;carry out daily public opinion monitoring analysis and related topics solicitation;realize the benign cycle of “official production and research,”four in one joint cooperation mode. Do supervision work to provide a reference for the later to assist the relevant government departments.

  4. Reflections on the Strengthening of Party Construction Work in Institutions for the Inspection and Testing of Medical Apparatus and Instruments%加强医疗器械检验检测机构党建工作的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈凯

    2014-01-01

    Party construction work, as an important carrier to serve the central work and construct the team, as well as an ef-fective platform for striving for the best and promoting the effec-tive inspection and testing, plays a pivotal role in practical work. Therefore, to reasonably grasp the orientation of Party construc-tion work, lay a solid foundation for Party construction, seriously perform the basic aim of serving the people, actively play the ex-emplary role to guide the work, continuously consolidate the basis of grassroots Party construction, and give full play to the pioneer-ing role of Party members and organizations at all levels,is partic-ularly important for the new development of the inspection and testing of medical apparatus and instruments.%党建工作作为服务中心工作、建设队伍的有力抓手,作为奋勇争先干事业、团结一致促检验的有效平台,在实际的工作过程中起到了至关重要的作用。因此,把握好党建工作的合理定位,筑牢党建根基,认真履行服务群众的根本宗旨;积极运用典型标杆、引领示范的具体举措,不断夯实基层党组织建设的根基,充分发挥各级党组织和广大党员的先锋模范作用,推动医疗器械检验检测工作再上新台阶便显得尤为重要。

  5. 新司法改革背景下党领导司法的进阶%The Advancement of the Party's Leadership in Judicial Work under the Background of New Judicial Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨武松

    2015-01-01

    从中国的宪制结构和国家治理的现实情态看,坚持和加强党的领导是新一轮司法改革必须坚持的根本原则.但是,从司法实践看,新一轮司法改革必将对党领导司法的方式形成冲击,倒逼中国共产党从理念认知到领导方式等方面重新诠释党领导司法的意涵,从党领导司法的权力来源、范畴、方式以及革新政法委工作职能等方面,推动党领导司法机制的进阶.%From the perspective of practical modality of Chinese constitutional structure and governance of the country, to adhere to and strengthen the leadership of the party is the fundamental principle of the new round of judicial reform. But in the judicial practice, a new round of judicial reform is bound to form the impact to the leadership of the Party in the judicial. It forced the Communist Party of China reinterpreted the meaning of the Party's leadership in the judicial from the aspect of cognition to the style of leadership. To promote the advancement of judicial mechanism under the leadership of the party from the power source, category, mode of the Party's leadership in the judicial and work function of the reform in Politics and Law Committee.

  6. Working Toward Robust Process Monitoring for Safeguards Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krichinsky, Alan M [ORNL; Bell, Lisa S [ORNL; Gilligan, Kimberly V [ORNL; Laughter, Mark D [ORNL; Miller, Paul [ORNL; Pickett, Chris A [ORNL; Richardson, Dave [ORNL; Rowe, Nathan C [ORNL; Younkin, James R [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    New safeguards technologies allow continuous monitoring of plant processes. Efforts to deploy these technologies, as described in a preponderance of literature, typically have consisted of case studies attempting to prove their efficacy in proof-of-principle installations. While the enhanced safeguards capabilities of continuous monitoring have been established, studies thus far have not addressed such challenges as manipulation of a system by a host nation. To prevent this and other such vulnerabilities, one technology, continuous load cell monitoring, was reviewed. This paper will present vulnerabilities as well as mitigation strategies that were identified.

  7. Ideas on Carrying out the Work of College Students Party by the Spirit of Innovation%以创新精神开展高校学生党建工作的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄怡然; 范璐; 孙传新

    2011-01-01

    高校学生党建工作应不断创新组织生活的模式,应自觉地把其工作奠基于团学工作的基础之上。以北京中医院大学为例介绍了基层学生党建工作的一些经验和先进做法。%College Students Party work should create and innovate model of organizational life, their work should be founded on the basis of group learning. This paper takes Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example, introduces some experiences and the advanced procedure for students' party building work.

  8. Study on the Party building work under autonomous management mode of independent college students%关于独立学院学生自主管理模式下的党建工作研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐俪

    2013-01-01

    The party building work of college students is the leading work, is to carry out a important task of Ideological and political education, also is the important link of training the high-quality talents. Independent college party builds the job to have its particularity, according to the actual situation of the independent college, establish corresponding working mode, should be positive thinking of the independent college, but also to promote the inevitable requirement of the scientific development of the independent college. After analyzing the current situation of independent college party construction work and the new situation faced, study of independent college students autonomous management mode under the party building work.%大学生党建工作是高校的龙头工作,是开展思政教育的一大重要抓手,也是高校培养高素质人才的重要环节。独立学院的党建工作有其特殊性,如何根据独立学院的实际情况,建立与其相适应的工作模式,是独立学院应该积极思考的问题,也是推动独立学院科学发展的必然要求。文章通过分析独立学院党建工作的现状以及面临的新情况,对独立学院学生自主管理模式下的党建工作进行研究。

  9. On college students community Party organization management mode and work innovation%大学生公寓社区党组织管理模式及工作创新探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王禹

    2013-01-01

      高校后勤社会化改革的深入和学分制的实行,高校党团组织进驻公寓社区是思想政治教育工作的时代要求,本文从高校大学生公寓社区党组织的状况出发,阐述了如何构建大学生公寓社区党组织管理模式,怎样实现大学生公寓社区党建工作创新,旨在提高高校思想政治教育的针对性,时效性。%  The implementation of the college logistics socialization reform deepening and the credit system, the Party organizations in the community is the requirement of ideological and political education work, the university community Party organization of college students, this paper discusses how to construct community Party organization management mode, how to realize the innovation of apartment community Party to build the job of college students, to improve the ideological and political education, effectiveness.

  10. Influence of the Party's Ruling Safety that New Generation Migrants Change into Working Class%新生代农民工向工人阶级转化对党的执政安全的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元元

    2012-01-01

    新生代农民工已经具备了工人阶级的基本特征,是我国工人阶级队伍的重要成员,对巩固党的执政安全具有积极意义。但其与城市工人阶级相比尚存在较大差距,向工人阶级转化还不深入,由此导致对党执政安全的负面影响充分发挥新生代农民工对党执政安全的积极意义,尽力消除其对党执政安全的负面影响,是维护并巩固党执政安全不可回避的重大课题、%The new generation migrants has the basic characteristics of the working class. They are important part of it. It is positive that consolidating the Party' s governing position. But there is still a relatively large gap between urban proletariat and new generation migrants and conversion is not thorough, lead to the negative influence of the party's ruling safety. It is unevadable major task to maintain and consolidate the party's ruling safety that play positive significance in the party's ruling safety of new generation migrants and try to eliminate negative effects.

  11. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure, party...

  12. Partying as Everyday Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demant, Jakob; Østergaard, Jeanette

    2007-01-01

      This article investigates what partying means to Danish adolescents aged 14-16. A new theoretical approach to teenage partying is suggested. It combines the structural anthropological tradition of analysing partying and use of alcohol as a rite de passage with a phenomenological perspective which...

  13. 探析党员干部在创建和谐科研院所中的作用%On Party Members and Cadres’ Role in Creating Harmonious Work Environment for Scientific Research Institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴相国

    2012-01-01

    创建和谐科研院所需要各方力量同心协力,党员干部在创建中作用发挥得好坏,贡献大小,直接关系到创建和谐科研院所成效,关系到整个油田。必须从多方面入手,发挥好应有作用,全力推进创建和谐科研院所工作。%It’s known to take everybody’s effort from top to grass root to create favorable work environment in scientific research institutes.However,the contributions of cadres who are Party members directly decide the work effects and impact Jianghan as a whole.Therefore,the Party members especially the cadres should take the lead in prompting friendly ambience in scientific research institutes.

  14. 基于第三方可信云的安全协同工作方案%A Secure Collaborative Work Scheme on the Basis of the Third Party Credible Cloud

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘定; 陈婷婷

    2014-01-01

    With a variety of private cloud or public cloud universal applications, security issues of cloud computing have become a hot spot. On the basis of other scholars research of cloud security, this paper discusses major security risks in free cloud computing environments nowadays, constructs a secure collaborative work scheme on the basis of the third party credible cloud, and analyzes its detailed structure and principles. The third credible cloud includes three main modules: authentication, key distribution and data transmission, and monitoring management. The scheme conduces to a variety of cloud entities security and is of high feasibility.%随着各种私有云或公有云的普及应用,云计算的安全问题成了热点。在其他学者对于云计算安全研究的基础上,探讨了目前自由云计算环境下的主要安全风险,构建一个基于第三方可信云的安全协调工作方案,并对其结构和原理进行了具体的分析。第三方可信云包括身份认证、密钥发布和数据传输、监控管理三个主要模块,该方案有利于各种云实体安全协同工作且可行性高。

  15. Outcome of aplastic anemia in adolescence: a survey of the Severe Aplastic Anemia Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufour, Carlo; Pillon, Marta; Passweg, Jakob; Socié, Gerard; Bacigalupo, Andrea; Franceschetto, Genny; Carraro, Elisa; Oneto, Rosi; Risitano, Antonio Maria; Peffault de Latour, Regis; Tichelli, André; Rovo, Alicia; Peters, Christina; Hoechsmann, Britta; Samarasinghe, Sujith; Kulasekararaj, Austin G; Schrezenmeier, Hubert; Aljurf, Mahmoud; Marsh, Judith

    2014-10-01

    We analyzed the outcome of 537 adolescents (age 12-18 years) with idiopathic aplastic anemia included in the database of the Severe Aplastic Anemia Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation comparing: i) matched family donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation performed as first-line treatment with ii) front-line immunosuppressive therapy not followed by subsequent transplant given for failure and with iii) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation performed after failed front-line immunosuppressive therapy. Overall survival was 86% in the matched family donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation group, 90% in patients given front-line immunosuppressive alone (those who did not fail this treatment and who did not receive subsequent rescue with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation) and 78% in subjects who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation post failed front-line immunosuppressive therapy (P=0.14). Event-free survival in the same groups was respectively 83%, 64% and 71% (P=0.04). Cumulative incidence of rejection was 8% in matched family donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and 9% in transplants post failed front-line immunosuppression (P=0.62). Cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease was 12% in matched family donor transplants and 18% in transplants post failed immunosuppression (P=0.18). Chronic graft-versus-host disease was higher in matched family donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (8%) than in transplants post failed immunosuppressive therapy (20%) (P=0.0009). Cumulative incidence of post-therapy malignancies was 0.7% in matched family donor transplantations, 7% in transplantations post failed immunosuppression and 21% after front-line immunosuppression (P=0.0017). In the whole cohort, under multivariate analysis, the diagnosis to treatment interval of two months or under positively affected overall survival whereas up-front immunosuppression alone (with no subsequent

  16. Estonian Political Parties in the mid-2010s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lanko Dmitry

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an analysis of political party system of the Republic of Estonia in the mid-2010s. The analysis is based on the works of Moris Duverger. As one might expect, the establishment of proportionate electoral system in Estonia has resulted in the formation of a multi-party system, in which no single party dominates in the parliament even in a short run. The article demonstrates that though Estonian political party system develops in line with the tendencies typical to political party systems of most European countries, some of its elements are more common to postcommunist countries. It indicates that the political party system in Estonia has stabilized throughout the past decade. Today, five sixths of voters support one of the four main political parties. A minority of voters does not consider any of the four dominant parties as a representative of their interests; thus, they vote for parties that had not been previously represented in the parliament. This allowed for two minor political parties to pass into the parliament at 2015 elections: the Estonian Conservative People’s Party, and Free Party. In the long run the minor parties will be able to keep parliamentary seats depending on their ability to build coalitions, either with the three governing parties — Reform Party, Pro Patria and Republic Union, and Social-Democratic Party, or with opposition Centre Party. The article considers the impact of the split in the Estonian society between ethnic Estonians and Russophonic people on political party system. It demonstrates that the majority of Russophonic voters in Estonia support the Centre Party, every major political party in the country has its Russophonic voters, while Estonian United Left Party, which promotes itself as a particular representative of the country’s Russophonic minority, remains a marginal political force.

  17. Party member recruitment and the representativeness of party membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    Party membership figures are in decline. However, parties are still recruiting party members. Are there any differences in the social and political characteristics of old and new party members? If there is a difference, are new party members more or less representative for party voters than old...

  18. Did Nongovernmental Monitoring improve Working Conditions in the case of Nike and the Footwear Industry?

    OpenAIRE

    FERDOUS AHAMED, Ph.D

    2013-01-01

    This article examines working conditions in the RMG sector of Bangladesh could improve through effective monitoring system. In a significant case Nike suggested that working conditions and labour rights can be improved through a systematic approach and a comprehensive and transparent monitoring system. External pressure from NGOs and other advocacy groups motivated Nike to introduce a Code of Conduct and a monitoring system. The process is discussed in this section. Conclusion: In conclusion,...

  19. Lenin's Value that Maintaining Ruling Party of Working Class Unity%工人阶级执政党保持团结统一的列宁价值观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵清华

    2012-01-01

    Preventing and combating sectarian separatist activities and ensuring the solidarity and unity of the party are the organizational basises and guarantees of the governing of the working-class ruling party. After the Revolution, Lenin and the Bolshevik Party which he led fought rationally advantageously and ab-stemiously with the sectarian activities and division errors such as "the left Communists", "the workers opposition" and"the democratic centralism" in succession, which ensured the solidarity and unity of the Bolshevik Party on the basis of the proletarian revolution excellently. In addition, it designed a series of systematic solutions for preventing and eliminating the splitting risk that the "oligarchy" would bring. Lenin's construction theory and system design of the ruling party have a far-reaching historic significance and great realistic significance for the working-class ruling party.%防止和反对宗派分裂潘动,确保党的团结和统一,这是工人阶级执政党执政的组织基础和保障。十月革命后,列宁和他领导的布尔什维克党先后同“左派共产主义者”、“工人反对派”、“民主集中派”等宗派活动和分裂错误进行了有理、有利、有节的斗争,出色地保证了布尔什维克党在无产阶级革命原则基础上的团结和统一。并且,为预防和消除“寡头政治”带来的分裂危险设计了一系列制度方案。列宁的执政党建设理论与制度设计对各国工人阶级执政党执政能力的提高均具有非凡的历史意义和现实意义。

  20. Grope for Lenin Theory of Keeping United in the Working-class Ruling Party%工人阶级执政党保持团结统一的列宁思想钩沉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵清华

    2012-01-01

    防止和反对宗派分裂活动,确保党的团结和统一,这是工人阶级执政党执政的组织基础和保障。十月革命后,列宁和他领导的布尔什维克党先后同“左派共产主义者”、“工人反对派”、“民主集中派”等宗派活动和分裂错误进行了有理、有利、有节的斗争,出色地保证了布尔什维克党在无产阶级革命原则基础上的团结和统一。并为预防和消除“寡头政治”带来的分裂危险设计了“集体领导”、“改组工农检察院”等一系列制度方案。列宁的执政党建设理论与制度设计对各国工人阶级执政党执政能力的提高均具有非凡的历史意义和现实意义。%Preventing and combating sectarian separatist activities and ensuring the solidarity and unity of the party are the or- ganizational basis and guarantees of the governing of the working-class ruling party. After the Revolution, Lenin and the Bolshevik Party led by him fought rationally, advantageously and abstemiously with the sectarian activities and division errors such as "the lefi Commu- nists", "the workers opposition" and" the democratic centralism" in succession, which ensured the solidarity and unity of the Bolshe- vik Party on the basis of the proletarian revolution excellently. In addition, it designed a series of systematic solutions including "col- lective leadership", "restructuring of the public prosecutor' s office of workers and peasants" and so on for preventing and eliminating the splitting risk that the "oligarchy" would bring. Lenin's construction theory and system design of the ruling party have a far-reac- hing historic significance and great realistic significance for the working-class ruling party.

  1. 创新民办高校党建工作的若干思考%Reflections on the Innovation of Party Construction Works in Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋斌

    2016-01-01

    创新党建工作是党的十八大向全党提出的重要任务,2014年底习近平总书记对高校党建工作又提出了明确要求。民办高校党组织肩负着立德树人、推动学校办人民满意的社会主义大学的任务,必须立足学校实际和长远发展,坚持科学定位、找准方位、以为求位、制度到位,着力于在党建工作理论、党建领导体制、党建工作体系和党建管理模式等方面进行探索与创新,努力实现民办高校党组织的政治核心作用和保证监督作用。%Party construction innovation is an important task proposed by the 18th CPC National Congress.At the end of 2014, general secretary Mr Xi Jinping raised new clear requests on party construction in university.Party organizations in non-govern-mental institutions of higher learning have responsibility not only to take high moral values and people cultivation, but also to pro-mote the universities to be people’s satisfied socialism universities.Party organizations should be based on the reality and long-term development of the university, and adhere to scientific orientation, find correct direction, and put system in the right places. Non-governmental institutions of higher learning should explore and innovate party building work theory, leadership system, work system, and management mode etc, in order to realize the political core role of the party organizations in non-governmental insti-tutions of higher learning and their supervision function.

  2. On the role of student Party members in college students' ideological and political work%发挥学生党员在大学生思想政治工作中作用的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高辉庆

    2014-01-01

    高校学生党员是高校学生中的优秀分子,是新形势下高校大学生思想政治工作的重要力量,发挥着骨干带头、榜样示范、桥梁纽带、参谋助手等作用。高校应加强学生党员的发展教育管理,提高党员队伍的质量,发挥好他们在大学生思想政治工作的中的作用。%The university student Party member is the elite of the university students, is an important force in college students' Ideological and political work under the new situation, play important role. The development of education management in colleges and universities should strengthen the Party member of students, improve the quality of Party member team, play them well in the ideological and political work.

  3. 思想政治工作在党政机关中面临的问题与挑战%Problems and Challenges Encountered in the Ideological and Political Work of Party and Government Offices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨忠明

    2015-01-01

    在改革开放不断深入,市场经济不断强化的新形势下,要不断发挥思想政治工作引领思想、保证方向、助推发展的重要作用,就需要在政工队伍方面狠下工夫。而党政机关思想政治工作是经济工作和其他一切工作的生命线,是我们党和国家的重要政治优势。新时期开展机关思想政治工作,就是坚持以马克思主义中国化的最新成果为指导,对机关党员干部进行有组织、有目的的思想教育。当前思想政治工作存在内容针对性不强,工作形式单一,缺乏激励机制等问题。针对这些问题,本文提出思想政治工作的对策措施。%Under the new situation of the continuous deepening of the reform and opening up, and the continuous strengthening of market economy, in order to continuously and fully play the im-portant role of ideological and political work in guiding the ideol-ogy, ensuring the direction and impelling the development, the political work team should make great efforts. The ideological and political work of Party and government offices is the life line of the economic work and all other work, as well as an important political advantage of our Party and country. To implement ideo-logical and political work in Party and government offices in the new period is to implement organized and targeted ideological e-ducation for Party members and cadres guided by the latest re-sults of Marxism in China. But there are some problems in the current ideological and political work, such as aimlessness, single style of work, and lack of incentive mechanism. In view of these problems, this paper proposes corresponding countermeasures.

  4. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    Some scholars argue that Western societies have seen a decreasing impact of voting behavior based on cleavages and party identifications. Equally, issue ownership voting is seemingly not increasing its relevance by filling this gap. From this departure we seek out an alternative variable by posing...... the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure, party...... heuristics and voting models. Next, the article measures the brand value of Danish parties by utilizing a representative association analysis. Finally, this measure is used to conduct the very first empirical analysis of a party brand's effect on voting behavior. Overall, the primary finding demonstrates...

  5. Promoting the Innovation and Development of Campus Culture with Party-building Work%以党建工作促进校园文化的创新与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭俊仓; 张士青; 蔡科平

    2014-01-01

    为了更深入地探讨校园文化建设,分析了党的建设与校园文化建设的相互关系,探讨了以党建工作促进校园文化建设的路径,包括加强思想建设以把握校园文化的政治方向、加强组织建设以保障校园文化的有效实施、加强作风建设将优良传统和作风渗透到各项工作各项活动之中、重视学生党建工作以丰富校园文化的形式和内涵等。%In order to further explore the construction of campus culture, this paper analyzes the relationship between the party-building work and the construction of campus culture, and probes into the ways for promoting the construction of campus culture with the party-building work, which include strengthening the ideological construction to grasp the political direction of the campus culture, strengthening the organizational construction to ensure the effective implementation of the campus culture, strengthening the work style construction to infiltrate the fine tradition and style into all works and activities, and paying attention to the party-building work among students to enrich the form and connotation of campus culture, etc.

  6. Isopropanol exposure : environmental and biological monitoring in a printing works

    OpenAIRE

    Brugnone, F; Perbellini, L; Apostoli, P.; Bellomi, M; Caretta, D.

    1983-01-01

    Occupational exposure to isopropanol was studied in 12 workers by testing environmental air, alveolar air, venous blood, and urine during their work shift. Isopropanol, which ranged in environmental air between 7 and 645 mg/m3, was detected in alveolar air, where it ranged between 4 and 437 mg/m3, but not in blood or in urine. Alveolar isopropanol concentration (Ca) was significantly correlated with environmental isopropanol concentration (Ci) at any time of exposure. The value of the arithme...

  7. 朱德与建国初期党的纪律检查工作建设%ZHU De's Role in the Construction of the Party's Discipline Inspection Work During the Early Stage of PRC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彦民; 高天鼎

    2012-01-01

    After the founding of the People's Republic of China,ZHU De,as the first secretary of the central discipline inspection committee,established and improved the institutions of discipline inspection at all levels.He also defined the concrete tasks of discipline inspection work,and established its principles: treating equally without discrimination,investigating and punishing every rule-breaker,being serious and prudent,incorporating our party's education and disciplines and adhering to our party's unified and centralized leadership.ZHU De proposed a series of working methods as well: under the leadership of our party,to construct its institution and educate the masses to prevent rule-breaking cases.Zhu De suggested all discipline inspection workers take the lead and observe disciplines.ZHU De's contributions mentioned above are valuable experience for strengthening our party's discipline and rectifying party conduct.%中华人民共和国成立后,朱德出任中纪委首任书记,建立健全了党的各级纪检机构。朱德在实际工作中明确了纪律检查工作的具体任务,树立了纪检工作的各项原则:坚持一视同仁的原则,坚持对违纪者必纠的原则,坚持严肃与审慎相结合的原则,坚持党的教育同执行纪律相结合的原则,坚持党的集中统一领导的原则。朱德提出了一系列纪检工作的方法:充分发挥党委领导作用,与其他有关部门配合,坚持走群众路线,制度建设和教育预防并重。朱德要求纪检工作者应以身作则,纪检部门应加强自身的思想建设和组织建设。朱德在建国初期建立健全党的各级纪检机关以及确立一系列纪检工作的任务、原则、方法,为加强党纪、端正党风积累了宝贵的经验。

  8. Close monitoring as a contextual stimulator : How need for structure affects the relation between close monitoring and work outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rietzschel, Eric F.; Slijkhuis, Marjette; Van Yperen, Nico W.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we argue and demonstrate that employees' Personal Need for Structure (PNS) moderates the negative effects of close monitoring on job satisfaction, intrinsic work motivation, and innovative job performance (as rated by their supervisors). In a field study (N=295), we found that emplo

  9. Political Parties and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bischoff, Carina Saxlund; Christiansen, Flemming Juul

    2017-01-01

    Public innovation and political parties are usually not studied together. Given the key position parties hold in representative democracies, it is somewhat odd that their influence on public innovation has not been explored. We propose to open this line of inquiry and introduce a typology...... that highlights four avenues for studying the links between public innovation and political parties: linkage, programme, interaction and policy. We use the typology to discuss relevant themes and empirical examples in existing literature and to formulate of a number of hypotheses about innovation of political...... parties themselves as well their impact on potentially innovative public decisions. One major expectation is that hierarchical parties with centralized leadership make more efficient decisions but that sustainable innovation outcomes promoted by collaborative efforts are easier to obtain for decentralized...

  10. National Wildlife Refuge System Region 7 Inventory and Monitoring Regional Annual Work Plan Fiscal Year 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The annual work plan for Region 7 discusses the goals and objectives of the Inventory and Monitoring (I&M) program for fiscal year 2012. The introduction...

  11. Region 1 National Wildlife Refuge System Inventory and Monitoring Program : Annual Work Plan : Fiscal Year 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The annual work plan for Region 1 discusses the goals and objectives of the Inventory and Monitoring (I&M) program for fiscal year 2012. The introduction...

  12. Pacific Southwest Region Inventory & Monitoring Initiative: Annual Work Plan FY 2013

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 8, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  13. Pacific Southwest Region Inventory & Monitoring Initiative: Annual Work Plan FY 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 8, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  14. Pacific Southwest Region Inventory & Monitoring Initiative: Annual Work Plan FY 2015

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 8, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  15. Pacific Southwest Region Inventory & Monitoring Initiative: Annual Work Plan FY 2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual work plan for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System, Region 8, Inventory and Monitoring Program (I present vision and...

  16. Peer-to-Peer Secure Multi-Party Numerical Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Bickson, Danny; Dolev, Danny; Pinkas, Benny

    2008-01-01

    We propose an efficient framework for enabling secure multi-party numerical computations in a Peer-to-Peer network. This problem arises in a range of applications such as collaborative filtering, distributed computation of trust and reputation, monitoring and numerous other tasks, where the computing nodes would like to preserve the privacy of their inputs while performing a joint computation of a certain function. Although there is a rich literature in the field of distributed systems security concerning secure multi-party computation, in practice it is hard to deploy those methods in very large scale Peer-to-Peer networks. In this work, we examine several possible approaches and discuss their feasibility. Among the possible approaches, we identify a single approach which is both scalable and theoretically secure. An additional novel contribution is that we show how to compute the neighborhood based collaborative filtering, a state-of-the-art collaborative filtering algorithm, winner of the Netflix progress ...

  17. Comparison of Orbicularis Oculi Muscle Activity during Computer Work with Single and Dual Monitors

    OpenAIRE

    Yoo, Won-gyu

    2014-01-01

    [Purpose] This study compared the orbicularis oculi muscle activity during computer work with single and dual monitors. [Subjects] Ten computer workers 22–27 years of age were included in this study. [Methods] Subjects performed computer work with single or dual monitors, and the activity of the right orbicularis oculi muscle was measured with a MP150 system. [Results] The muscle activity of the orbicularis oculi under condition 1 was significantly decreased compared with that under condition...

  18. 围绕中心服务大局努力提升党建工作科学化水平%Around Center ,Service the Overall Interests and Make Efforts to Exalt the Scientization Level of the Party Construction Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学天

    2011-01-01

    Party construction research work is a momentous component of the party construction work . This paper is based on the reality of Xining city, put forward that how to further engage well with local party construction research work , deeply probe into the substance and regularity of the party construction work, set an accurate target and task, seek for an efficient avenue and method are the requisite and fundament of doing well the party construction work , and also are important working way and contents of the all-levels party organizations.%党建研究是党建工作的重要组成部分。深入探究党建工作的本质和规律,制定正确的目标任务,寻求有效的途径和方法,是做好党建工作的前提和基础,也是各级党组织重要的工作内容和工作方法。文章结合西宁市实际,提出了进一步搞好地方党建研究工作的思路。

  19. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  20. Tea Party Engineer

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mark Matthews

    2013-01-01

      [...]Massie, a Tea Party enthusiast and fan of both Ron and Rand Paul, has already made his presence felt on the House floor, bucking GOP leaders by voting against John Boehner's re-election as speaker...

  1. Health Monitoring and Management for Manufacturing Workers in Adverse Working Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaoya; Zhong, Miao; Wan, Jiafu; Yi, Minglun; Gao, Tiancheng

    2016-10-01

    In adverse working conditions, environmental parameters such as metallic dust, noise, and environmental temperature, directly affect the health condition of manufacturing workers. It is therefore important to implement health monitoring and management based on important physiological parameters (e.g., heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature). In recent years, new technologies, such as body area networks, cloud computing, and smart clothing, have allowed the improvement of the quality of services. In this article, we first give five-layer architecture for health monitoring and management of manufacturing workers. Then, we analyze the system implementation process, including environmental data processing, physical condition monitoring and system services and management, and present the corresponding algorithms. Finally, we carry out an evaluation and analysis from the perspective of insurance and compensation for manufacturing workers in adverse working conditions. The proposed scheme will contribute to the improvement of workplace conditions, realize health monitoring and management, and protect the interests of manufacturing workers.

  2. Higher vocational college students' party construction work under the "micro age"%"微时代"下高职院校学生党建工作的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐霞

    2015-01-01

    微博、微信、微电影等众多"微媒体"的出现,让现代生活进入了一个崭新的"微时代"."微媒体"传播信息的内容、范围等都比传统媒体更新颖、更具冲击力,这为我们高职院校学生的党建工作带了挑战,同时也为其提供了积极的崭新的工作平台.%Micro blog, micro letter, micro film, and many other media "micro" appear, modern life has entered a new era of "micro age". "Micro media" dissemination of information content, scope, etc. are more innovative, more impact than the traditional media. This brought challenges for our higher vocational college party construction work, but also provided positive new work platform.

  3. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY FUNDING: MODELS AND CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje MATAKOVIC

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The first modern political parties were formed at the end of the 18th century and have, from those times up to now, undergone 4 developing phases; each of the phases is bound to ideal-type political party model: cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties. Each of these party models differentiates in various characteristics: party foundation, number of members, and way of leading the election campaigns, but also in ways of financing. This paper describes the above mentioned 4 phases of political parties’ development and 4 phases of parties' finances development; it will be analysed in detail positive and negative sides of each of the models of party financing.

  4. 'To quarterback behind the scenes, third-party efforts': the tobacco industry and the Tea Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallin, Amanda; Grana, Rachel; Glantz, Stanton A

    2014-07-01

    The Tea Party, which gained prominence in the USA in 2009, advocates limited government and low taxes. Tea Party organisations, particularly Americans for Prosperity and FreedomWorks, oppose smoke-free laws and tobacco taxes. We used the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, the Wayback Machine, Google, LexisNexis, the Center for Media and Democracy and the Center for Responsive Politics (opensecrets.org) to examine the tobacco companies' connections to the Tea Party. Starting in the 1980s, tobacco companies worked to create the appearance of broad opposition to tobacco control policies by attempting to create a grassroots smokers' rights movement. Simultaneously, they funded and worked through third-party groups, such as Citizens for a Sound Economy, the predecessor of AFP and FreedomWorks, to accomplish their economic and political agenda. There has been continuity of some key players, strategies and messages from these groups to Tea Party organisations. As of 2012, the Tea Party was beginning to spread internationally. Rather than being a purely grassroots movement that spontaneously developed in 2009, the Tea Party has developed over time, in part through decades of work by the tobacco industry and other corporate interests. It is important for tobacco control advocates in the USA and internationally, to anticipate and counter Tea Party opposition to tobacco control policies and ensure that policymakers, the media and the public understand the longstanding connection between the tobacco industry, the Tea Party and its associated organisations. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  5. RCRA and operational monitoring 1994 fiscal year work plan, WBS 1.5.3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-12-01

    RCRA & Operational Monitoring (ROM) Program Office manages the direct funded Resource Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA) and Operational Monitoring under Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) 1.5.3. The ROM Program Office is a Branch of liquid Waste Disposal, a part of Restoration and Remediation of Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC). The Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP) takes it direction from the Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP). The FYWP provides the near term, enhanced details for the Program Office to use as baseline Cost, Scope and Schedule. Changs Control administered during the fiscal year is against the baseline provided by the FYWP.

  6. How do working-memory-related demand, reasoning ability and aversive reinforcement modulate conflict monitoring?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja eLeue

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Conflict monitoring is a process of stimulus evaluation and a pre-requisite for subsequent recruitment of cognitive control and behavioral adaptations. This study investigated how experimentally manipulated working-memory-related cognitive demand and aversive reinforcement modulate individual differences of conflict monitoring intensity and behavioral adjustments. Individual differences were assessed by means of an anxiety-related trait dimension (trait-BIS and by means of reasoning abilities–a core determinant of intelligence. Moreover, we investigated the special role of verbal reasoning ability and figural reasoning ability for the modulation of the conflict monitoring intensity. Ninety participants performed a go/nogo task with four conditions each comprising a combination of low vs. high working-memory-related cognitive demand and low vs. high aversive reinforcement. No effect of aversive reinforcement was observed for the N2 amplitude. The fronto-central nogo N2 amplitude was more pronounced for high demand vs. low demand suggesting that cognitive demand served as an aversive costly event. Higher total reasoning abilities were associated with more intense conflict monitoring and shorter response times with increasing aversive reinforcement (defined as verbal error-feedback vs. monetary loss. Individuals with higher trait-BIS scores demonstrated a more intense conflict monitoring even in conditions with low aversive reinforcement and also a more cautious responding (i.e., response times slowing with increasing aversive reinforcement indicating a focus on negative feedback prevention. The findings provide evidence for the conflict-monitoring theory and suggest that working-memory-related demand overrules the impact of aversive reinforcement on conflict monitoring intensity. Reasoning abilities and anxiety-related traits go along with an intensification of conflict monitoring but differences in the flexibility of behavioral adjustment.

  7. How do working-memory-related demand, reasoning ability and aversive reinforcement modulate conflict monitoring?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leue, Anja; Weber, Bernd; Beauducel, André

    2014-01-01

    Conflict monitoring is a process of stimulus evaluation and a pre-requisite for subsequent recruitment of cognitive control and behavioral adaptations. This study investigated how experimentally manipulated working-memory-related cognitive demand and aversive reinforcement modulate individual differences of conflict monitoring intensity and behavioral adjustments. Individual differences were assessed by means of an anxiety-related trait dimension (trait-BIS) and by means of reasoning abilities-a core determinant of intelligence. Moreover, we investigated the special role of verbal reasoning ability and figural reasoning ability for the modulation of the conflict monitoring intensity. Ninety participants performed a go/nogo task with four conditions each comprising a combination of low vs. high working-memory-related cognitive demand and low vs. high aversive reinforcement. No effect of aversive reinforcement was observed for the N2 amplitude. The fronto-central nogo N2 amplitude was more pronounced for high demand vs. low demand suggesting that cognitive demand served as an aversive costly event. Higher total reasoning abilities were associated with more intense conflict monitoring and shorter response times with increasing aversive reinforcement (defined as verbal error-feedback vs. monetary loss). Individuals with higher trait-BIS scores demonstrated a more intense conflict monitoring even in conditions with low aversive reinforcement and also a more cautious responding (i.e., response times slowing) with increasing aversive reinforcement indicating a focus on negative feedback prevention. The findings provide evidence for the conflict monitoring theory and suggest that working-memory-related demand overrules the impact of aversive reinforcement on conflict monitoring intensity. Reasoning abilities and anxiety-related traits go along with an intensification of conflict monitoring but differences in the flexibility of behavioral adjustment.

  8. Anteneh Geremew Gemeda Abstract Ethiopia is party to the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ethiopia is party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its two ... The Committee on the Right of the Child is the organ entrusted with monitoring states' .... rights observance are essential behavior of the Parties to consideration of the report. ... Santos who believes that “concluding observations are authoritative ...

  9. Summary report of working group 5: Beam and radiation generation, monitoring, and control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Church, Mike; /Fermilab; Kim, Ki-Yong; /Maryland U.

    2010-01-01

    This paper summarizes the activities and presentations of Working Group 5 of the Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop held at Annapolis, Maryland in June 2010. Working Group 5 touched on a broad range of topics in the fields of beam and radiation generation and their monitoring and control. These topics were not comprehensively covered in this Workshop, but rather the Working Group concentrated on specific new developments and recent investigations. The Working Group divided its sessions into four broad categories: cathodes and electron guns, radiation generation, beam diagnostics, and beam control and dynamics. This summary is divided into the same structure.

  10. Summary report of working group 5: Beam and radiation generation, monitoring, and control

    CERN Document Server

    Church, Mike; 10.1063/1.3520295

    2012-01-01

    This paper summarizes the activities and presentations of Working Group 5 of the Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop held at Annapolis, Maryland in June 2010. Working Group 5 touched on a broad range of topics in the fields of beam and radiation generation and their monitoring and control. These topics were not comprehensively covered in this Workshop, but rather the Working Group concentrated on specific new developments and recent investigations. The Working Group divided its sessions into four broad categories: cathodes and electron guns, radiation generation, beam diagnostics, and beam control and dynamics. This summary is divided into the same structure.

  11. Terrorism and Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA). More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that both ideas...

  12. Boreal partners in flight: Working together to build a regional research and monitoring program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handel, Colleen M.; Bonney, Rick; Pashley, David N.; Cooper, Robert J.; Niles, Larry

    1999-01-01

    Boreal regions of western North America regularly support breeding populations of 130 species of landbirds, including 68 Nearctic-Neotropical migrants. Primary conservation concerns within the region include increased timber harvesting, insect outbreaks, fire suppression, mining, impacts of military training activities, urbanization, and recreational activities. Under auspices of Partners in Flight, biologists, land and resource managers, and conservationists from Alaska and western Canada have combined efforts to develop a regional research and monitoring program for landbirds. An experimental monitoring program has been under way during the past four years to test the relative statistical power and cost-effectiveness of various monitoring methods in Alaska. Joint efforts currently include the Alaska Checklist Project on National Wildlife Refuges, 75 Breeding Bird Surveys along the road system, 122 Off-road Point Count routes, 27 Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship banding sites, and 8 migration banding stations. The ultimate goal is to design a comprehensive monitoring program that is sensitive to changes in population size, survival rates, and productivity, but robust enough to accommodate logistical constraints that arise when working in vast, roadless areas with limited funds and staff. Primary challenges that must be faced to assure the long-term future of such a program are obtaining long-term commitment from resource agencies in the region, integrating this program with other national and regional programs that address those species and habitats that are inadequately monitored by established techniques, and developing cooperative research, monitoring, and management programs at the landscape level.

  13. Two Party Pseudo Telepathy Games

    CERN Document Server

    Chakrabarty, I

    2006-01-01

    In this work we have introduced two party pseudo telepathy games with respective winning conditions. One cannot win these games deterministically by any kind of classical protocols. Interestingly we find out that in quantum world, these winning conditions can be achieved if the players share an entangled state. We also introduced a game which is impossible to win if the players are form classical world, (both probabilistically and deterministically) yet there exists a perfect quantum strategy by following which, one can attain the winning condition of the game.

  14. Growth monitoring and diagnostic work-up of short stature: An International Inventorization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grote, F.K.; Oostdijk, W.; Muinck Keizer-Schrama, S.M.P.F. de; Dekker, F.W.; Verkerk, P.H.; Wit, J.M.

    2005-01-01

    Background/Aims: Growth monitoring is almost universally performed, but few data are available on which referral criteria and diagnostic work-up are used worldwide for children with short stature. Methods: A short questionnaire, containing questions on auxological screening and on diagnostic criteri

  15. Dimensional comparability of psychosocial working conditions as covered in European monitoring questionnaires

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Formazin, M.; Burr, H.; Aagestad, C.; Tynes, T.; Thorsen, S.V.; Perkio-Makela, M.; Díaz Aramburu, C.I.; Pinilla García, F.J.; Galiana Blanco, L.; Vermeylen, G.; Parent-Thirion, A.; Hooftman, W.; Houtman, I.L.D.

    2014-01-01

    Background.In most countries in the EU, national surveys are used to monitor working conditions and health. Since the development processes behind the various surveys are not necessarily theoretical, but certainly practical and political, the extent of similarity among the dimensions covered in

  16. Summer student report - Upgrade work for the Fast Beam Condition Monitor at CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Tsrunchev, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Report on summer student internship at CERN. Describes work done towards the replacement of the Fast Beam Conditions Monitor (BCM1F) - activities related to the test beam conducted by the BRIL (Background Radiation Instrumentation and Luminosity) experiment in July 2016, analog opto-hybrids testing and XDAQ development for the uTCA readout system currently under development.

  17. Growth monitoring and diagnostic work-up of short stature: An International Inventorization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grote, F.K.; Oostdijk, W.; Muinck Keizer-Schrama, S.M.P.F. de; Dekker, F.W.; Verkerk, P.H.; Wit, J.M.

    2005-01-01

    Background/Aims: Growth monitoring is almost universally performed, but few data are available on which referral criteria and diagnostic work-up are used worldwide for children with short stature. Methods: A short questionnaire, containing questions on auxological screening and on diagnostic

  18. Research progress and prospects on machinery monitoring under varying working condition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Jing; Zhao Ming

    2013-01-01

    A general review is given about the research progress of the rotating machinery condition monitoring under varying working condition.The major typical methods for analyzing are reviewed,including their progress,deficiencies and capabilities.Some prospects are given finally.

  19. Dimensional comparability of psychosocial working conditions as covered in European monitoring questionnaires

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Formazin, M.; Burr, H.; Aagestad, C.; Tynes, T.; Thorsen, S.V.; Perkio-Makela, M.; Díaz Aramburu, C.I.; Pinilla García, F.J.; Galiana Blanco, L.; Vermeylen, G.; Parent-Thirion, A.; Hooftman, W.; Houtman, I.L.D.

    2014-01-01

    Background.In most countries in the EU, national surveys are used to monitor working conditions and health. Since the development processes behind the various surveys are not necessarily theoretical, but certainly practical and political, the extent of similarity among the dimensions covered in thes

  20. Appraising Party Cadres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    An efficient cadre appraisal system guarantees cadres of the Communist Party of China will serve the people wholeheartedly According to the Progress in A China’s Human Rights in 2009 white paper,there were more than 2.9 million ethnic-minority cadres in China,accounting for 7.4 percent

  1. Partying as Everyday Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demant, Jakob; Østergaard, Jeanette

    2007-01-01

    situates the event in everyday life. By drawing on Maffesoli's (1996) concept of ‘sociality' and Lincoln's (2005) concept of zoning the spatial and social logic of the house, partying is analysed using both qualitative and quantitative material. The analysis suggests that the consumption of alcohol (i...... to reaffirm friendship and is therefore an integrated part of adolescents' everyday life.  ...

  2. Persecution by third parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, Ben; Spijkerboer, Thomas; Zwaan, Karin; Fernhout, Roel

    1998-01-01

    As a large number of the present day asylum claims concern situations of civil war or of a break down of (central) governmental authority the issue of persecution by third parties is of great importance. Although the main characteristics of the different positions are clear, precise information abou

  3. An experimental work on wireless structural health monitoring system applying on a submarine model scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugroho, W. H.; Purnomo, N. J. H.; Soedarto, T.

    2016-11-01

    This paper presents an experimental work to monitor the health of submarine hull structures using strain sensors and wireless communication technology. The monitored - submarine hull was built in a hydro elastic model scale 1: 30 with a steel bar backbone and tested on water tank of Indonesian Hydrodynamic Laboratory (IHL). Specifically, this health monitoring system for the submarine model was developed using wireless modems, data communication software and conventional strain sensors. This system was used to monitor the loads on a steel bar backbone of the running submarine model from the edge of the water tank. Commands were issued from a notebook to instruct the health monitoring system to acquire data from sensors mounted externally to the steel bar. Data from measurements made on the structure are then transmitted wirelessly back to a notebook computer for processing and analysis. The results of the tank test have been validated and showed no loss of communication signal over an area of the tank. This work also presents a potential use of involving complete automation of this system with an in-service structure coupled with an on-line warning/damage detection capability.

  4. ‘To quarterback behind the scenes, third-party efforts’: the tobacco industry and the Tea Party

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallin, Amanda; Grana, Rachel; Glantz, Stanton A

    2014-01-01

    Background The Tea Party, which gained prominence in the USA in 2009, advocates limited government and low taxes. Tea Party organisations, particularly Americans for Prosperity and FreedomWorks, oppose smoke-free laws and tobacco taxes. Methods We used the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, the Wayback Machine, Google, LexisNexis, the Center for Media and Democracy and the Center for Responsive Politics (opensecrets.org) to examine the tobacco companies’ connections to the Tea Party. Results Starting in the 1980s, tobacco companies worked to create the appearance of broad opposition to tobacco control policies by attempting to create a grassroots smokers’ rights movement. Simultaneously, they funded and worked through third-party groups, such as Citizens for a Sound Economy, the predecessor of AFP and FreedomWorks, to accomplish their economic and political agenda. There has been continuity of some key players, strategies and messages from these groups to Tea Party organisations. As of 2012, the Tea Party was beginning to spread internationally. Conclusions Rather than being a purely grassroots movement that spontaneously developed in 2009, the Tea Party has developed over time, in part through decades of work by the tobacco industry and other corporate interests. It is important for tobacco control advocates in the USA and internationally, to anticipate and counter Tea Party opposition to tobacco control policies and ensure that policymakers, the media and the public understand the longstanding connection between the tobacco industry, the Tea Party and its associated organisations. PMID:23396417

  5. 20 CFR 645.245 - Who is responsible for oversight and monitoring of Welfare-to-Work grants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... monitoring of Welfare-to-Work grants? 645.245 Section 645.245 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROVISIONS GOVERNING WELFARE-TO-WORK GRANTS General Program and Administrative Requirements § 645.245 Who is responsible for oversight and monitoring of Welfare-to-Work...

  6. 新媒体对高校大学生党员教育管理工作的影响及对策%The Impact of New Media on Student Party Members’ Education and Management Work in Tertiary Education and Its Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛近菲

    2013-01-01

    新媒体技术的迅猛发展给当前高校基层党建工作特别是大学生党员的教育管理带来了严峻的挑战。只有在深入研究新媒体传播信息特点的基础上,不断加强和改进高校基层党建工作,创新党员教育管理的内容、形式、方法、手段和机制,才能占领高校基层党建的新阵地。%T he rapid development of new media technology has posed a serious challenge to the basic Party construction work,especially on the students Party members’education and management work in tertiary edu-cation. Based on the new characteristics of research on new information media, only to strengthen and improve the basic party construction work, and innovation of Party building work content, form, method, means and mechanism, can the new position be occupied in the basic Party building.

  7. Effects of passive computer use time and non-computer work time on the performance of electronic activity monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Yaw-Huei; Chen, Yen-Ting; Yeh, Jao-Yu; Liang, Huey-Wen

    2010-10-01

    This study aimed to examine the effects of passive and non-computer work time on the estimation of computer use times by electronic activity monitoring. A total of 20 subjects with computers were monitored for 3 h. Average relative error for total computer use time estimation was about 4%, given that non-computer work time was 20% of the 3-h monitored period. No significant impact of passive computer use time was found in this study. Non-computer work time of 40% or less is suggested as criteria for the application of electronic activity monitoring to ensure reliability in the physical work loading assessment. Statement of Relevance: This research studied the criteria of non-computer work time for the appropriate use of electronic activity monitoring to ensure reliability in the assessment of physical work loading. It is suggested that it should be set to 40% or less of the 3-h monitoring period.

  8. Party rules, party resources and the politics of parliamentary democracies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poguntke, Thomas; Scarrow, Susan; Webb, Paul

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces the first findings of the Political Party Database Project, a major survey of party organizations in parliamentary and semi-presidential democracies. The project’s first round of data covers 122 parties in 19 countries. In this article, we describe the scope of the database...

  9. The Investigation of Students ’Party Construction Work under the“2+1”Talent Training Mode%“2+1”人才培养模式下学生党建工作调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婷

    2015-01-01

    本研究自编调查问卷,对“2+1”人才培养模式下学生党建工作进行了调查研究。调查结果显示:目前高职院校党校培训工作卓有成效,学生入党动机比较积极,乐于参加实践教学,对网络培训的积极性也较高,学生党员发展较为规范。与此同时,由于学生在校时间短等因素,学校党组织对学生的入党培养考察不充分,群众评议不够全面;党校培训内容、形式需要进一步完善;对学生党员的后续管理和教育也需要继续跟进。%Through the self-designed questionnaire, this article has an investigation on the students' party construction work under the mode of"2+1"talent training. The results showed that the training work is effec⁃tive, the college students have positive motivation of joining the Party, and they are willing to take part in prac⁃tical teaching and are active in the network training. The work of developing party members is normalized in higher vocational colleges. Meanwhile, due to the shorter college periods, the college party organization lacks sufficient time to cultivate and investigate the party member candidates, and there is not a comprehensive pub⁃lic evaluation. The college party organization needs to further improve the training content and mode, and the subsequent management and education of the student party members needs following up as well.

  10. Review of achievements of the OECD Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials' Testing and Assessment Programme. From exploratory testing to test guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Kirsten; González, Mar; Kearns, Peter; Sintes, Juan Riego; Rossi, François; Sayre, Phil

    2016-02-01

    This paper charts the almost ten years of history of OECD's work on nanosafety, during which the programme of the OECD on the Testing and Assessment of Manufactured Nanomaterials covered the testing of eleven nanomaterials for about 59 end-points addressing physical-chemical properties, mammalian and environmental toxicity, environmental fate and material safety. An overview of the materials tested, the test methods applied and the discussions regarding the applicability of the OECD test guidelines, which are recognised methods for regulatory testing of chemicals, are given. The results indicate that many existing OECD test guidelines are suitable for nanomaterials and consequently, hazard data collected using such guidelines will fall under OECD's system of Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) which is a legally binding instrument to facilitate the international acceptance of information for the regulatory safety assessment of chemicals. At the same time, some OECD test guidelines and guidance documents need to be adapted to address nanomaterials while new test guidelines and guidance documents may be needed to address endpoints that are more relevant to nanomaterials. This paper presents examples of areas where test guidelines or guidance for nanomaterials are under development.

  11. Impact of ABO incompatibility on patients’ outcome after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia - a report from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the EBMT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canaani, Jonathan; Savani, Bipin N; Labopin, Myriam; Huang, Xiao-jun; Ciceri, Fabio; Arcese, William; Tischer, Johanna; Koc, Yener; Bruno, Benedetto; Gülbas, Zafer; Blaise, Didier; Maertens, Johan; Ehninger, Gerhard; Mohty, Mohamad; Nagler, Arnon

    2017-01-01

    A significant proportion of hematopoietic stem cell transplants are performed with ABO-mismatched donors. The impact of ABO mismatch on outcome following transplantation remains controversial and there are no published data regarding the impact of ABO mismatch in acute myeloid leukemia patients receiving haploidentical transplants. Using the European Blood and Marrow Transplant Acute Leukemia Working Group registry we identified 837 patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation. Comparative analysis was performed between patients who received ABO-matched versus ABO-mismatched haploidentical transplants for common clinical outcome variables. Our cohort consisted of 522 ABO-matched patients and 315 ABO-mismatched patients including 150 with minor, 127 with major, and 38 with bi-directional ABO mismatching. There were no significant differences between ABO matched and mismatched patients in terms of baseline disease and clinical characteristics. Major ABO mismatching was associated with inferior day 100 engraftment rate whereas multivariate analysis showed that bi-directional mismatching was associated with increased risk of grade II–IV acute graft-versus-host disease [hazard ratio (HR) 2.387; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22–4.66; P=0.01). Non-relapse mortality, relapse incidence, leukemia-free survival, overall survival, and chronic graft-versus-host disease rates were comparable between ABO-matched and -mismatched patients. Focused analysis on stem cell source showed that patients with minor mismatching transplanted with bone marrow grafts experienced increased grade II–IV acute graft-versus-host disease rates (HR 2.03; 95% CI: 1.00–4.10; P=0.04). Patients with major ABO mismatching and bone marrow grafts had decreased survival (HR=1.82; CI 95%: 1.048 – 3.18; P=0.033). In conclusion, ABO incompatibility has a marginal but significant clinical effect in acute myeloid leukemia patients undergoing haploidentical transplantation. PMID:28255020

  12. METHODS OF STATISTICAL MONITORING OF PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION WORK OF SOCIAL EDUCATORS IN PERSONAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleksandr M. Korniiets

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the application of social services WEB 2.0 for personal learning environment creation that is used for professional orientation work of social educator. The feedback is must be in personal learning environment for the effective professional orientation work. This feedback can be organized through statistical monitoring. The typical solution for organizing personal learning environment with built-in statistical surveys and statistical data processing is considered in the article. The possibilities of the statistical data collection and processing services on the example of Google Analytics are investigated.

  13. 患者满意度第三方调查对行风工作的促进%Patient Satisfaction Third-party Investigation for the Promotion of the Enhancement Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方芳

    2014-01-01

    患者对医院满意度的评价是衡量医院医疗服务水准的重要指标之一,满意度调查在加强行风建设、促进医院管理方面发挥了积极作用。2013年开始南京市卫生系统在传统满意度调查基础上,积极引进第三方调查机构,全面提升社会对调查工作知晓率,不断改进和提高医疗服务水平,有力促进和提高人民群众对卫生工作满意度。%The evaluation of patients on hospital satisfaction is one of the important indicators to measure hospital medical service level, the satisfaction survey in strengthening the construction of the enhancement, promote hospital management has played a positive role. Began in 2013, nanjing health systems on the basis of traditional satisfaction survey, actively introduce third-party investigation agencies, improve social awareness in survey work, and constantly improve and improve the medical service level, ef ectively promote and enhance the people on health work satisfaction.

  14. Multi-Party Quantum Steganography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihara, Takashi

    2017-02-01

    Steganography has been proposed as a data hiding technique. As a derivation, quantum steganography based on quantum physics has also been proposed. In this paper, we extend the results in presented (Mihara, Phys. Lett. 379, 952 2015) and propose a multi-party quantum steganography technique that combines quantum error-correcting codes with entanglement. The proposed protocol shares an entangled state among n +1 parties and sends n secret messages, corresponding to the n parties, to the other party. With no knowledge of the other secret messages, the n parties can construct a stego message by cooperating with each other. Finally, we propose a protocol for sending qubits using the same technique.

  15. Departies: conceptualizing extended youth parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjær, Eivind Grip; Tutenges, Sébastien

    2017-01-01

    Every year, millions of young people travel away from home to party for days or weeks on end in permissive environments, such as music festivals, dance parties, and nightlife resorts. The studies that have been conducted on these extended youth parties have focused primarily on specific risk...... immoral; (4) stylistically, by altering their stylistic expressions through dress, demeanor, and consumption; and (5) experientially, because the parties generate mood and mind alterations. These are overlapping and intertwined elements, the combination of which amounts to a distinct type of youth party...

  16. Departies: conceptualizing extended youth parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eivind Grip, Fjær,; Tutenges, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    Every year, millions of young people travel away from home to party for days or weeks on end in permissive environments, such as music festivals, dance parties, and nightlife resorts. The studies that have been conducted on these extended youth parties have focused primarily on specific risk...... immoral; (4) stylistically, by altering their stylistic expressions through dress, demeanor, and consumption; and (5) experientially, because the parties generate mood and mind alterations. These are overlapping and intertwined elements, the combination of which amounts to a distinct type of youth party...

  17. LEGO for Two-Party Secure Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Orlandi, Claudio

    2009-01-01

    This paper continues the recent line of work of making Yao’s garbled circuit approach to two-party computation secure against an active adversary. We propose a new cut-and-choose based approach called LEGO (Large Efficient Garbled-circuit Optimization): It is specifically aimed at large circuits...

  18. Relationship between the party history work and the construction of socialism core value system%党史工作与构建社会主义核心价值体系的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢留枝

    2012-01-01

      The construction of the socialist core value system, formed the whole nation to advance the spirit power and the harmonious spirit link, sixteen sessions of six CCP plenary conferences proposed important task.The Communist Party of China in the long struggle to pass through the hard road and glorious history, but also the process of the formation of the socialist core value system.One of the important tasks of party history work, is to extensively publicize the Chinese revolution during the formation of the noble spirit and monumental style, the national spirit and the spirit of the times win support among the people, social integration, become the powerful impetus of our future. Therefore, on the history course and the history of the nature of the work, the two are inseparable, are indispensable.%  建设社会主义核心价值体系,形成全民族奋发向上的精神力量和团结和睦的精神纽带,是十六届六中全会中提出的重要任务。中国共产党在长期奋斗中所走过的艰辛道路和光辉历程,同时也是社会主义核心价值体系形成的过程。党史工作的重要任务之一,就是要广泛深入地宣传中国革命过程中形成的崇高的精神与不朽的风范,使民族精神和时代精神深入人心、融入社会,成为我们继往开来的强大推动力。因此,就党史的历程和党史工作的性质而言,两者密不可分,缺一不可。

  19. Appointments and party organizations: network governmental party in kirchnerista peronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo SCHERLIS

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article contributes to the understanding of the organizational structures of peronism, Argentine dominant political force, on the basis of a study on partisan appointments. It presents the main findings of a research on the scope, the workings, the motivations, and the criteria of partisan appointments in the Argentine state, with particular attention to Néstor Kirchner administration (2003-2007. The more general argument contends that appointments became in this period a crucial tool to control the state apparatus while, at the same time, they made it possible to renovate Peronist partisan elites under the leadership of the president. The data, obtained from a large series of expert interviews, make it possible to offer a new theoretical framework for the understanding of party-government linkages in contemporary Argentine democracy.

  20. Business process improvement: an electronic system to monitor compliance with medical resident work hours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landesman, Linda Young; Markowitz, Forest; Conde, Nelson

    2010-01-01

    The limitation of medical intern and resident work hours, known as the Bell 405 regulations, was initiated in New York State in 1989 with a modification to the state hospital code. The Bell 405 regulations were strengthened in 2000, and facilities would now be fined for noncompliance. Monitoring systems in place at that time were insufficient to provide an adequate level of review for the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation (HHC) with more than 7,000 medical residents whose training is based at or who rotate through these public hospitals. A "simple to use," yet comprehensive, method of monitoring compliance needed to be developed to ensure that residents and interns complied with laws regulating working hours. The subsequent development of national accreditation standards increased the stakes for reliable scrutiny. HHC developed and implemented a Web-based Structured Query Language (SQL) application that facilitated easy access to work hour surveys captured through electronic time sheets. The time sheet data automatically entered a database that provided instant analysis of conformance to state law. The development of an electronic on-line application accessible from anywhere allowed HHC to efficiently identify nonconformance and pinpoint corrective action. Since the inception of the application and its expansion allowing access through the intranet, 26,000 individual time sheets have been submitted for evaluation. With the national movement regulating work hours, other hospitals still at the pencil and manual computation stage would greatly benefit by developing a similar application.

  1. Tan Zheng,s On the Problems of Army Political Work and the Maturity and Development of Party Building Theory for the Armed Forces%谭政《关于军队政治工作问题》的报告与军队党建理论成熟与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨忠虎

    2014-01-01

    Delegated by the Party Central and Mao Zedong, Tan Zheng made the report On the Problems of Ar-my Political Work at the Northwestern Senior Cadres, Meeting to elaborate a series of theoretical principles for party building in the armed forces. The report expounded the status and effects of party building in the armed forces, clarified the fundamental tasks of party building in the armed forces, revealed the essential relationship between party building and military building in the armed forces, raised a series of principles for party ideological building in the armed forces, and proposed important arguments such as necessity of scientification and continuous institu-tional innovation for party building in armed forces. The Tan Zheng Report is an important part of Mao Zedong Thought on party building, a programmatic document to guide party building in the armed forces, and still has e-normous guiding significance for party building in the armed forces under the new historical situations.%谭政受党中央、毛泽东同志的委托,在西北局高干会上做的《关于军队政治工作问题》的报告,阐述了军队党的建设一系列重大理论原则:阐明了军队党的建设的地位作用,明确了军队党的建设的根本任务,揭示了军队党的建设与军队建设的本质联系,提出了军队党的思想建设的一系列原则,提出了军队党的建设要科学化和不断进行制度创新等重要观点。《谭政报告》是毛泽东建党思想的重要组成部分,是指导军队党的建设的纲领性文件,对新的历史条件下军队党建仍具有巨大的指导意义。

  2. Activities of the US-Japan Safety Monitor Joint Working Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richard L. Savercool; Lee C. Cadwallader

    2004-09-01

    This paper documents the activities of the US-Japan exchange in the area of personnel safety at magnetic and laser fusion experiments. A near-miss event with a visiting scientist to the US in 1992 was the impetus for forming the Joint Working Group on Fusion Safety. This exchnge has been under way for over ten years and has provided many safety insights for both US and Japanese facility personnel at national institutes and at universities. The background and activities of the Joint Working Group are described, including the facilities that have been visited for safety walkthroughs, the participants from both countries, and the main safety issues examined during visits. Based on these visits, some operational safety ideas to enhance experiment safety are given. The near-term future plans of the Safety Monitor Joint Working group are also discussed.

  3. The armed hand of State-party: The National Guard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Grecu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The single party was the militarized political institution of the new authoritarian regime lead by King Carol II by using the armed hand of single organization in the state, The National Guard. The militarization of policy represented the main dimension of the regime and the state architecture revealed the single party capacity to militarize the administrative institutions. The architecture of National Renaissance Front was similar to a military unit, the official attributions of the National Guard consisted in the maintenance of order in the territory, and unofficially regarded the monitoring of members and opposites of the party and regime, by control and surveillance activity. The National Guard was politicized institution of the regime and of the single party which proved its inefficiency because of the subordination of the commandant general to the single party. Militaries lead the single organization as well as the National Guard.

  4. The interplay between uncertainty monitoring and working memory: Can metacognition become automatic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutinho, Mariana V C; Redford, Joshua S; Church, Barbara A; Zakrzewski, Alexandria C; Couchman, Justin J; Smith, J David

    2015-10-01

    The uncertainty response has grounded the study of metacognition in nonhuman animals. Recent research has explored the processes supporting uncertainty monitoring in monkeys. It has revealed that uncertainty responding, in contrast to perceptual responding, depends on significant working memory resources. The aim of the present study was to expand this research by examining whether uncertainty monitoring is also working memory demanding in humans. To explore this issue, human participants were tested with or without a cognitive load on a psychophysical discrimination task that included either an uncertainty response (allowing the participant to decline difficult trials) or a middle-perceptual response (labeling the same intermediate trial levels). The results demonstrated that cognitive load reduced uncertainty responding, but increased middle responding. However, this dissociation between uncertainty and middle responding was only observed when participants either lacked training or had very little training with the uncertainty response. If more training was provided, the effect of load was small. These results suggest that uncertainty responding is resource demanding, but with sufficient training, human participants can respond to uncertainty either by using minimal working memory resources or by effectively sharing resources. These results are discussed in relation to the literature on animal and human metacognition.

  5. Commentary on Ethnic Solidarity Work of the Communist Party of China before the Democratic Reform in Tibet%民主改革前党的西藏民族团结工作分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴海燕

    2014-01-01

    民族团结是社会和谐与发展进步的基石。没有民族团结,就无法实现真正的民族平等,无法最终实现社会和谐。在具体的社会实践中,民族团结既是一个复杂的过程,又是一种现实状态。巩固和加强各民族的大团结,应重视考察民族地区的民族团结工作实践。中国共产党在西藏民主改革前的民族团结工作及经验,为我们做好现实民族团结进步工作提供了有益参考和借鉴。%Ethnic Solidarity is the foundation of the harmonious development of the society. No eth⁃nic solidarity, no real national equality and harmonious society. Ethnic solidarity is a state of reality, which has a long and complex process to achieve. To consolidate and strengthen the unity of all ethnic groups, it is important for us to attach the practices in ethnic areas. The ethnic solidarity work experience of the Communist Party of China before the democratic reform in Tibet has provided beneficial reference for us to deal with the current ethnic solidarity work.

  6. Organization, territory and party system: territorial diffusion of party organization and its potential impacts on the structure of the party system in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María do Socorro SOUSA BRAGA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available What is the territorial pattern of Brazilian political parties? What kind of relation this spatiality present with the party system? In order to answer these questions, this articles focus on three main objectives. Firstly, it will investigate the systematic pattern of political organization and affiliation in Brazilian municipalities. Secondly, it will perform an exploratory analysis of the spatial distribution of the political parties’ organization in Brazil. Third, it will produce some tentative hypotheses concerning the causal relations between party organization, party system structure, and electoral performance. Teoretically, this work will be based on the work of Panebianco (2005 [1988], as well as it will employ extensively some more recent analyses such as those from Katz and Mair (1995 and Gunther and Diamond (2003. The methodology used will, most of all, perform an Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (esda. The results reveal that there were a constant movement towards expansion of party affiliation in Brazilian territory and it is manifested through a structural difference between large (with national territorial coverage and small parties (mostly regional in terms of party organization.

  7. Enhancing the accuracy of the Fowler method for monitoring non-constant work functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedl, R.

    2016-04-01

    The Fowler method is a prominent non-invasive technique to determine the absolute work function of a surface based on the photoelectric effect. The evaluation procedure relies on the correlation of the photocurrent with the incident photon energy hν which is mainly dependent on the surface work function χ. Applying Fowler's theory of the photocurrent, the measurements can be fitted by the theoretical curve near the threshold hν⪆χ yielding the work function χ and a parameter A. The straightforward experimental implementation of the Fowler method is to use several particular photon energies, e.g. via interference filters. However, with a realization like that the restriction hν ≈ χ can easily be violated, especially when the work function of the material is decreasing during the measurements as, for instance, with coating or adsorption processes. This can lead to an overestimation of the evaluated work function value of typically some 0.1 eV, reaching up to more than 0.5 eV in an unfavorable case. A detailed analysis of the Fowler theory now reveals the background of that effect and shows that the fit-parameter A can be used to assess the accuracy of the determined value of χ conveniently during the measurements. Moreover, a scheme is introduced to quantify a potential overestimation and to perform a correction to χ to a certain extent. The issues are demonstrated exemplarily at the monitoring of the work function reduction of a stainless steel sample surface due to caesiation.

  8. Ongoing graft-versus-host disease is a risk factor for azoospermia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a survey of the Late Effects Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovó, Alicia; Aljurf, Mahmoud; Chiodi, Sandra; Spinelli, Simonetta; Salooja, Nina; Sucak, Gülsan; Hunter, Ann; Kim, Tan Swee; Socié, Gérard; van Lint, Maria Teresa; Passweg, Jakob R; Arat, Mutlu; Badoglio, Manuela; Tichelli, André

    2013-03-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the degree of spermatogenesis defects in sperm analysis in long-term male survivors after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in order to identify the risk factors related to potential infertility after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and to provide data on longitudinal sperm recovery after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Here, the Late Effects Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation reports data of sperm analysis from 224 males who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Median time between transplantation and sperm analysis was 63 months (8-275 months). At last sperm analysis, presence of any degree of spermatozoa was reported in 70 (31%) and complete azoospermia in 154 (69%) patients. In multivariate analysis, being conditioned with total body irradiation (RR 7.1; 95% CI: 3.4-14.8) and age over 25 years at transplantation (RR 2.4; 95% CI: 1.09-5.2) were significantly associated with higher risk for azoospermia. In patients not conditioned with total body irradiation, ongoing chronic graft-versus-host disease is the main adverse factor for sperm recovery (RR of 3.11; 95% CI: 1.02-9.47; P=0.045). Already established risk factors, such as total body irradiation and age older than 25 years at hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, were seen to be the most relevant adverse risk factor for sperm production after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Furthermore, for the first time, ongoing graft-versus-host disease has been shown to be the most relevant adverse factor for sperm recovery, particularly in patients conditioned without total body irradiation. We also introduce a useful scoring system to predict the probability of male long-term survivors' azoospermia.

  9. Guidelines, "minimal requirements" and standard of care in glioblastoma around the Mediterranean Area: A report from the AROME (Association of Radiotherapy and Oncology of the Mediterranean arEa) Neuro-Oncology working party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    Glioblastoma is the most common and the most lethal primary brain tumor in adults. Although studies are ongoing, the epidemiology of glioblastoma in North Africa (i.e. Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia) remains imperfectly settled and needs to be specified for a better optimization of the neuro-oncology healthcare across the Mediterranean area and in North Africa countries. Over the last years significant therapeutic advances have been accomplished improving survival and quality of life of glioblastoma patients. Indeed, concurrent temozolomide-radiotherapy (temoradiation) and adjuvant temozolomide has been established as the standard of care associated with a survival benefit and a better outcome. Therefore, considering this validated strategy and regarding the means and some other North Africa countries specificities, we decided, under the auspices of AROME (association of radiotherapy and oncology of the Mediterranean area; www.aromecancer.org), a non-profit organization, to organize a dedicated meeting to discuss the standards and elaborate a consensus on the "minimal requirements" adapted to the local resources. Thus, panels of physicians involved in daily multidisciplinary brain tumors management in the two borders of the Mediterranean area have been invited to the AROME neuro-oncology working party. We report here the consensus, established for minimal human and material resources for glioblastoma diagnosis and treatment faced to the standard of care, which should be reached. If the minimal requirements are not reached, the patients should be referred to the closest specialized medical center where at least minimal requirements, or, ideally, the standard of care should be guaranteed to the patients.

  10. Chemotherapy dose adjustment for obese patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a survey on behalf of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shem-Tov, Noga; Labopin, Myriam; Moukhtari, Leila; Ciceri, Fabio; Esteve, Jordi; Giebel, Sebastian; Gorin, Norbert-Claude; Schmid, Christopher; Shimoni, Avichai; Nagler, Arnon; Mohty, Mohamad

    2015-01-01

    Appropriate chemotherapy dosing for obese patients with malignant diseases is a significant challenge because limiting chemotherapy doses in these patients may negatively influence outcome. There is a paucity of information addressing high-dose chemotherapy in obese patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) designed an electronic survey to assess current practice of dose adjustment of chemotherapy in obese patients undergoing HSCT. A total of 56 EBMT centers from 27 countries responded to the online survey. Overall, 45 centers declared that they routinely adjust chemotherapy doses for obese patients (80.5%), and only 11 (19.5%) declared they do not adjust dose. Among the former group, most used body mass index as the parameter for defining obesity (28 centers, 62%). The method for determining the weight for chemotherapy calculation was actual body weight (ABW) in 16 centers, ideal body weight (IBW) in 10 centers, IBW plus 25% of the difference between IBW and ABW in 16 centers, and other methods for the rest. Among centers that used dose adjustment, 44% also capped the dose at 2 m(2) for a chemotherapy dose based on body surface area (BSA), whereas 56% did not cap. Interestingly, most of the centers (9 of 11) that did not adjust dose for weight also did not cap the BSA at 2 m(2). This EBMT survey revealed large diversity among transplant centers regarding dose-adjustment practice for high-dose conditioning chemotherapy. Our next step is to analyze outcomes of transplantation according to dose-adjustment practice and, subsequently, to formulate a methodology for future prospective studies. ©AlphaMed Press.

  11. Enlightened Gentries of the United Front Work of the Communist Party of China in Yan'an Period%延安时期中共统战工作下的开明士绅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴亮; 周建华; 蔡应昌

    2015-01-01

    抗战爆发后,为联合各阶层的力量进行抗战,各地方革命根据地依照中共中央的指示,对中间势力、中小地主阶级展开统战的工作,其中开明士绅成为首要团结的目标。在中共统一战线政策的影响下,他们走上了与中共合作的道路,参与中共根据地政权的巩固、经济的建设、教育事业的发展等重大事件,对抗日战争的胜利和新民主主义国家的创建起到了重要的作用。%After the outbreak of Anti‐Japanese War ,all local revolutionary bases ,to unite the strengths of all classes ,carried out the united front works on middle forces ,medium and small landlord classes ,espe‐cially enlightened gentries ,in the light of the instructions of the Central Committee of the Communist Par‐ty of China .Under the influence of the united front policy ,those gentries started to cooperate with the Communist Party of China ,participated in some significant events such as regime consolidation ,economic construction ,and educational development ,and played the important role in the success of Anti‐Japanese War and the establishment of the new democratic country .

  12. Why political context is key in determining the parties interest groups choose to collaborate with

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Otjes, Simon; Rasmussen, Anne

    2015-01-01

    When interest groups choose to collaborate with political parties what determines the type of party they opt to work with? Anne Rasmussen and Simon Otjes write that the two key elements shaping this decision are typically the ideological similarities between the interest group and the party, togethe

  13. Between Party, Parents and Peers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregnbæk, Susanne

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the lived contradictions entailed in being a young member of the Chinese Communist Party (ccp) today. The focus is on how political and existential issues intersect. It explores party membership as a strategy for personal mobility among Beijing elite university students...

  14. End of Year Party Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GREGGWYCHERLEY

    2004-01-01

    We all remember the raucous end of year office party, where everybody drinks too much, wears silly party hats and ends up doing something best forgotten.Traditionally the venue is the office itself,strung up with a few makeshift decorations,combined with a table-load of food and drink, and offyou go.

  15. 16 CFR 1507.11 - Party poppers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Party poppers. 1507.11 Section 1507.11... FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.11 Party poppers. Party poppers (also known by other names such as “Champagne Party Poppers,” and “Party Surprise Poppers,”) shall not contain more than 0.25 grains of...

  16. Use of global navigation satellite systems for monitoring deformations of water-development works

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaftan, V. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Geophysical Center (Russian Federation); Ustinov, A. V. [JSC Institut Gidropreoekt (Russian Federation)

    2013-05-15

    The feasibility of using global radio-navigation satellite systems (GNSS) to improve functional safety of high-liability water-development works - dams at hydroelectric power plants, and, consequently, the safety of the population in the surrounding areas is examined on the basis of analysis of modern publications. Characteristics for determination of displacements and deformations with use of GNSS, and also in a complex with other types of measurements, are compared. It is demonstrated that combined monitoring of deformations of the ground surface of the region, and engineering and technical structures is required to ensure the functional safety of HPP, and reliable metrologic assurance of measurements is also required to obtain actual characteristics of the accuracy and effectiveness of GNSS observations.

  17. Real-Time Personalized Monitoring to Estimate Occupational Heat Stress in Ambient Assisted Working

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Pancardo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Ambient Assisted Working (AAW is a discipline aiming to provide comfort and safety in the workplace through customization and technology. Workers’ comfort may be compromised in many labor situations, including those depending on environmental conditions, like extremely hot weather conduces to heat stress. Occupational heat stress (OHS happens when a worker is in an uninterrupted physical activity and in a hot environment. OHS can produce strain on the body, which leads to discomfort and eventually to heat illness and even death. Related ISO standards contain methods to estimate OHS and to ensure the safety and health of workers, but they are subjective, impersonal, performed a posteriori and even invasive. This paper focuses on the design and development of real-time personalized monitoring for a more effective and objective estimation of OHS, taking into account the individual user profile, fusing data from environmental and unobtrusive body sensors. Formulas employed in this work were taken from different domains and joined in the method that we propose. It is based on calculations that enable continuous surveillance of physical activity performance in a comfortable and healthy manner. In this proposal, we found that OHS can be estimated by satisfying the following criteria: objective, personalized, in situ, in real time, just in time and in an unobtrusive way. This enables timely notice for workers to make decisions based on objective information to control OHS.

  18. Real-Time Personalized Monitoring to Estimate Occupational Heat Stress in Ambient Assisted Working.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pancardo, Pablo; Acosta, Francisco D; Hernández-Nolasco, José Adán; Wister, Miguel A; López-de-Ipiña, Diego

    2015-07-13

    Ambient Assisted Working (AAW) is a discipline aiming to provide comfort and safety in the workplace through customization and technology. Workers' comfort may be compromised in many labor situations, including those depending on environmental conditions, like extremely hot weather conduces to heat stress. Occupational heat stress (OHS) happens when a worker is in an uninterrupted physical activity and in a hot environment. OHS can produce strain on the body, which leads to discomfort and eventually to heat illness and even death. Related ISO standards contain methods to estimate OHS and to ensure the safety and health of workers, but they are subjective, impersonal, performed a posteriori and even invasive. This paper focuses on the design and development of real-time personalized monitoring for a more effective and objective estimation of OHS, taking into account the individual user profile, fusing data from environmental and unobtrusive body sensors. Formulas employed in this work were taken from different domains and joined in the method that we propose. It is based on calculations that enable continuous surveillance of physical activity performance in a comfortable and healthy manner. In this proposal, we found that OHS can be estimated by satisfying the following criteria: objective, personalized, in situ, in real time, just in time and in an unobtrusive way. This enables timely notice for workers to make decisions based on objective information to control OHS.

  19. ONBOARD MONITORING OF ENGINE OIL RESOURCE WORKING-OUT RATE IN WHEELED AND CATERPILLAR MACHINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. D. Karpievich

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An engine oil is capable reliably and longtime to perform specified functions only in the case when its properties correspond to those thermal, mechanical and chemical impacts to which the oil is subjected in the engine. Compatibility of the engine design, its uprate and oil properties is one of the main conditions for provision of high operational reliability. Type and properties of fuel, quality of an engine oil, engine type, its design, its health, its operational regime and conditions and a number of other factors influence on intensity of oil contamination in the operated engine. Oil quality is deteriorated due to accumulation of incomplete combustion products in it and this process is associated with the engine's health. This leads to reduction of viscosity, deterioration of lubrication ability, troubles in fluid friction mode. Combustion products have rather high amount of aggressive corrosive oxides.Service-life of engine oil prior to its change is determined not only by automobile mileage or tractor operating time but also by the period of time within which this work has been carried out. Corrosion processes are speeding up, protective processes are worsening, oil ageing is accelerating when vehicles have short daily and small mileages. So it is necessary to change oil at least annually.A new method for onboard monitoring of engine oil resource working-out rate in wheeled and caterpillar machines has been developed in the paper. Usage of fuel expended volume by engine while determining engine oil resource working-out rate makes it possible timely to assess a residual resource of the engine oil and also predict the date of its change at any operational period of wheeled and caterpillar machines.

  20. Party Newspapers Perspectives and Choices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Espírito Santo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this article is on how different parties use its party newspapers as instruments of political communication, in the current political context, particularly in Portuguese press. As is to be expected, the newspapers reproduce the party’s vision and help disseminate their leaders’ political ideals and proposals. There are, however, significant differences in the history and format of each publication, in terms of the way the political message is put across and the scope of the subjects addressed. This article is based on a content analysis technique, through a categorical qualitative and quantitative systematization. The expected results are centered on the discussion about the communication strategies of ideologically different party newspapers which are visible in front pages. Moreover, this study is expected to contribute to the discussion about personalization in politics, focusing and considering in particular party newspapers. This is a subject that has been scarcely investigated in communication studies and in political science, despite the presence and ideological place of party newspapers in the past and at present. The aim of this article is to make a contribution toward demonstrating and boosting the interest of this important support to party life and politics.

  1. Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haines, Annette M.

    2003-01-01

    Draws upon Maria Montessori's writings to examine work as a universal human tendency throughout life. Discusses the work of adaptation of the infant, work of "psycho-muscular organism" for the preschooler, work of the imagination for the elementary child, community work of the adolescent, and work of the adult. Asserts that…

  2. Effects of working memory capacity on metacognitive monitoring: A study of group differences using a listening span test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mie eKomori

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Monitoring is an executive function of working memory that serves to update novel information, focusing attention on task-relevant targets, and eliminating task-irrelevant noise. The present research used a verbal working memory task to examine how working memory capacity limits affect monitoring. Participants performed a Japanese listening span test that included maintenance of target words and listening comprehension. On each trial, participants responded to the target word and then immediately estimated confidence in recall performance for that word (metacognitive judgment. The results confirmed significant differences in monitoring accuracy between high and low capacity groups in a multi-task situation. That is, confidence judgments were superior in high versus low capacity participants in terms of absolute accuracy and discrimination. The present research further investigated how memory load and interference affect underestimation of successful recall. The results indicated that the level of memory load that reduced word recall performance and led to an underconfidence bias varied according to participants’ memory capacity. In addition, irreverent information associated with incorrect true/ false decisions (secondary task and word recall within the current trial impaired monitoring accuracy in both participant groups. These findings suggest that inference from unsuccessful decisions only influences low, but not high, capacity participants. Therefore, monitoring accuracy, which requires high working memory capacity, improves metacognitive abilities by inhibiting task-irrelevant noise and focusing attention on detecting task-relevant targets or useful retrieval cues, which could improve actual cognitive performance.

  3. How to strengthen the ideological and political work in the new period of environmental monitoring%如何加强新时期环境监测思想政治工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊洁; 朴美子

    2012-01-01

      the ideological and political work is the party's cause to success and brilliant important guarantee and foundation, it is the lifeline of all the work. We must seize the lifeline of Ideological and political work, do a good job in the new period of the environmental monitoring work, we need to emancipate the mind, advancing with the times, work with full enthusiasm, excellent style of work, a high professional quality, good technical support,service well for the environmental management department .%  思想政治工作是党的事业走向成功和辉煌的重要保障和基础,是一切工作的生命线。我们必须抓住思想政治工作这条生命线,做好新时期的环境监测工作,我们需要解放思想,与时俱进,以饱满的工作热情,过硬的工作作风,较高的专业素质,起好技术支撑作用,为环境管理部门服好务

  4. The Revolutionary Party in Gramsci's Pre-Prison Educational and Political Theory and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holst, John D.

    2009-01-01

    While most of Gramsci's party work is well known to education scholars of Gramsci, and the educational aspects of his writings have been repeatedly analyzed, what remains a constant in education-based Gramsci studies is the nearly universal minimization of this work for what it was, namely party work. For Gramsci, it would have been unthinkable to…

  5. 新形势下加强民办高校党外代表人士选拔培养工作的思考%To strengthen the selection and training non-party representatives work thinking on private colleges under the new situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亢莹

    2015-01-01

    新形势下加强民办高校统战工作,探讨民办高校党外代表人士选拔培养工作规律与新途径,有着十分重要的现实意义。要针对民办高校发展的新形势、新问题和新特点,研究民办高校党外代表人士队伍建设路径,做好民办高校党外代表人士培养选拔工作,以开拓党外代表人士队伍建设新领域,推动民办高校党外代表人士充分发挥其优势作用。%Under the new situation to strengthen non-governmental united front work in colleges and universities, discusses the selection and training private universities non-party representatives work with the new way, has the extremely important practical significance. For private colleges development new situation, new problems and new characteristics of the private colleges and universities non-party representatives team construction path, do a good job in private colleges and universities non-party representatives of training and selecting to open up a new field on behalf of the people outside the team construction, to promote private universities non-party representatives give full play to its advantages.

  6. Nephrotoxicity of recreational party drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berney-Meyer, Linda; Putt, Tracey; Schollum, John; Walker, Robert

    2012-02-01

    N-benzylpiperazine (BZP) is the active ingredient in recreational 'party' pills with a stimulant, euphoric mechanism of action akin to that of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or ecstasy). Many people (ab)use BZP-based party pills usually without any significant toxic effects. However, nephrotoxicity secondary to hyperthermia and rhabdomyolysis has been reported. Another serious renal-related side-effect is hyponatraemia with acute cerebral oedema. There is also evidence that these agents may have a specific toxic effect producing acute kidney injury. Thus, acute kidney injury either direct or secondary to the effects of BZP or MDMA need to be considered when any individual presents with symptoms of a recreational party drug overdose.

  7. Peer-to-Peer Secure Multi-Party Numerical Computation Facing Malicious Adversaries

    CERN Document Server

    Bickson, Danny; Dolev, Danny; Pinkas, Benny

    2009-01-01

    We propose an efficient framework for enabling secure multi-party numerical computations in a Peer-to-Peer network. This problem arises in a range of applications such as collaborative filtering, distributed computation of trust and reputation, monitoring and other tasks, where the computing nodes is expected to preserve the privacy of their inputs while performing a joint computation of a certain function. Although there is a rich literature in the field of distributed systems security concerning secure multi-party computation, in practice it is hard to deploy those methods in very large scale Peer-to-Peer networks. In this work, we try to bridge the gap between theoretical algorithms in the security domain, and a practical Peer-to-Peer deployment. We consider two security models. The first is the semi-honest model where peers correctly follow the protocol, but try to reveal private information. We provide three possible schemes for secure multi-party numerical computation for this model and identify a singl...

  8. When Parties become Racialized: Deconstructing Racially Themed Parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Gina A.; Johnston, Marc P.; Garibay, Juan C.; Herrera, Felisha A.; Giraldo, Luis G.

    2011-01-01

    Racially themed parties are all-too-common occurrences on college campuses. Using critical race theory as a lens, this article provides a contemporary overview of these events and deconstructs these incidents as examples of overt forms of racism often emanating from subtle, everyday occurrences of covert racism or racial microaggressions.…

  9. Bewitched - The Tea Party Movement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward

    2011-01-01

    This article considers the development of the Tea Party movement, the character of its thinking and the nature of the interests and constituencies to which it is tied. The article suggests that despite the importance of ideas and interests, and the process of interaction between them, the movement....... The political friction that this creates has contributed to the anger that has characterised the movement. While the Tea Party movement may, as such, have only an ephemeral existence, independent conservatives are likely to remain a significant and potent constituency and will, within the institutional...

  10. Public Funding of Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortuno-Ortin, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign...... expenditures. In the second, campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increase policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larger, the more funding depends on vote shares. When campaigns are informative, there may be multiple euqilibria. Intuitively, a large party can...... stay large since it receives large funds...

  11. Public Funding of Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortuno-Ortin, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    expenditures. In the second, campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increase policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larger, the more funding depends on vote shares. When campaigns are informative, there may be multiple euqilibria. Intuitively, a large party can......This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign...

  12. Third-party biller compliance guidance emphasizes risk awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saner, R J

    1999-03-01

    The voluntary compliance guidance for third-party billing companies released by the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) in December 1998, like the OIG's previously released guidance directed at hospitals, home health agencies, and clinical laboratories, identifies seven minimum elements for an effective corporate compliance program: written compliance policies, designation of a compliance officer, ongoing training, open lines of communication, guidelines to ensure the enforcement of compliance standards, internal monitoring and auditing of compliance activity, and procedures to respond to and correct errors. Three areas of concern for third-party billing companies are emphasized in the new guidance document: compliance risk, claims documentation, and disclosure of suspected misconduct or fraud.

  13. 高校二级工会辅助党组织开展群众工作的创新构建%Innovative Construction on Secondary Unions in Colleges and Universities Assist Party Organizations to Carry out Mass Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任和平

    2011-01-01

    随着教育体制改革的深入,我国高校普遍形成以学院(部、系)为主的二级管理模式。当前高校二级工会辅助党组织开展群众工作存在的主要问题是:基本职责担当不到位,工会成为同级党组织的办事机构;改革创新活力不够,工会对群众的影响力低;服务创建能力不足,群众对工会的认可度弱。而要搞好二级工会组织辅助党组织开展群众工作的创新构建,就需要注意以下几个问题:改进党对工会工作的领导,是工会组织做好群众工作的重要前提;提升上级工会的指导、培训质量,是工会组织做好群众工作的关键因素;支持工会独立开展工作和维护教职工权益,是工会做好群众工作的重要保障;创新工作方式,是工会组织可持续发展的长效机制。%With the deepening reform of educational system,in universities,secondary union management mode generally formed in colleges(schools or departments).As the secondary trade unions assist Party organizations to carry out mass work,the main problems are: basic responsibilities have not been fully taken,hence the Unions are working as the CPC Organization offices;reform innovation vigor is insufficient,hence Unions have low influence on the masses onservice creation ability and could not be wildly accepted and supported;To establish a satisfactory secondary unionto assist our party to carry out mass work,we have the follow points: it is an important premise for our party to improve its leadership for an excellent mass work.it is an guarantee for our party to support an independent union work and protect the right and interests of the stuff members,meanwhile,its innovative way of working will be the long-term mechanism for sustainable development.

  14. Inventory and Monitoring (I&M) Initiative FY 2012 Annual Report and FY 2013 Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual report describes implementation of the National Wildlife Refuge System's Inventory and Monitoring (I results from all eight regions and the I&M...

  15. Natural Resource Program Center Inventory & Monitoring FY 2011 Annual Work Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of the National Wildlife Refuge System I present vision and objectives for regional inventory and monitoring initiative, staffing, planned activities and...

  16. Financing of Political Parties and Electoral Campaigns in Republic of Macedonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farije ALIU

    2016-07-01

    made public. The law does not provide for submission of financial reports by donors of political parties. This is considered a disadvantage of this law and expressed doubt that allowing circulation of funds from illegal sources in the financing of election campaigns. Electoral Code prohibits election campaign financing by funds from the state budget. However, the organizers of the campaign receive compensation from the state budget if they won at least 1.5% of the total vote. Also political parties, their electoral campaigns financed from private sources in the form of membership fees, donations from individuals and legal entities. Despite the legal aspects on transparency, general public perception is that in a country where the economy in cash still plays an important role, transparency is generally low in practice and that political parties and candidates for elections receive and spend much more money than what is officially shown in the financial statements. Higher spending funds still dominate especially in the area of paid political advertisements. Transparency in political financing provides elected officials and leaders of political parties to be responsible for their finances and facilitate the monitoring of their integrity. Based on current practice can be said that despite the controls performed financial activities of political parties by the state institutions, punitive measures are not implemented despite the apparent state of inconsistency regarding the practice of financial reporting and transparency. In this scientific article is exhausted comparative and empirical methodology, which include an assessment of source funding for political parties and financing of election campaign for local elections in 2013, parliamentary and presidential elections in 2014. The methodology involves checking the legal framework as it is applied in practice in terms of transparency of political financing, compared with internationally recognized principles. By getting

  17. Relationship of psychological and physiological variables in long-term self-monitored data during work ability rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pärkkä, Juha; Merilahti, Juho; Mattila, Elina M; Malm, Esko; Antila, Kari; Tuomisto, Martti T; Saarinen, Ari Viljam; van Gils, Mark; Korhonen, Ilkka

    2009-03-01

    Individual wellness comprises both psychological and physiological wellbeing, which are interrelated. In long-term monitoring of wellness, both components should be included. Work-related stress and burnout are persistent problems in industrial countries. Early identification of work-related stress symptoms and early intervention could reduce individual suffering and improve the working productivity and creativity. The goal of this study was to explore the relationship between physiological and psychological variables measured at home by the users themselves or automatically. In all, 17 (3 males and 14 females, age 40-62) people participating in a work ability rehabilitation program (due to work overload) were monitored for three months. Physiological and behavioral variables (activity, bed occupancy, heart rate (HR) and respiration during night, HR during day, blood pressure, steps, weight, room illumination, and temperature) were measured with different unobtrusive wireless sensors. Daily self-assessment of stress, mood, and behaviors (exercise, sleep) were collected using a mobile phone diary. The daily self-assessment of stress and the Derogatis stress profile questionnaire were used as reference for stress status. Results show modest, but significant pooled overall correlations between self-assessed stress level, and physiological and behavioral variables (e.g., sleep length measured with wrist-worn activity monitor: rho = -0.22, p < 0.001, and variance of nightly bedroom illumination: rho = 0.13, p < 0.001). Strong, but sometimes conflicting correlations can be found at individual level, suggesting individual reactions to stress in daily life.

  18. Podemos som postkrise-parti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2015-01-01

    Podemos er et nyt politisk parti i Spanien, stiftet efter finanskrisen. Partiet har allerede opnået stor tilslutning og forventes at komme til at spille en rolle i spansk politik efter det nationale valg i efteråret 2015. Podemos repræsenterer en ny type venstrefløjsparti med tætte relationer til...

  19. YOUNG CITY,BIG PARTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Shenzhen Universiade unites the world’s young people through sports with none of the usual hoop-la, no fireworks, no grand performances by celebrities and superstars, the Shenzhen Summer Universiade lowered the curtain on a big party for youth and college students on August 23.

  20. Which Party Gets the Mayoralty?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjæveland, Asbjørn; Serritzlew, Søren

    2010-01-01

    In non-presidential multiparty systems, it is not only the voters but also coalition formation after the election that decides the government of the community. Some national-level studies investigate which parties are most likely to win the Prime Minister's office. The aim of this article...

  1. Which Party Gets the Mayoralty?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjæveland, Asbjørn; Serritzlew, Søren

    2010-01-01

    In non-presidential multiparty systems, it is not only the voters but also coalition formation after the election that decides the government of the community. Some national-level studies investigate which parties are most likely to win the Prime Minister's office. The aim of this article...

  2. [Ketamine as a party drug

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroegop, M.P.; Dongen, R.T.M. van; Troyen, B. van; Kramers, C.

    2007-01-01

    Ketamine is a new party drug, which is easy to obtain. For this reason, it is possible that physicians will be increasingly confronted with users that have medical problems. Relatively few cases of ketamine intoxication with a fatal outcome have been reported thus far. Ketamine is very

  3. [Ketamine as a party drug

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroegop, M.P.; Dongen, R.T.M. van; Troyen, B. van; Kramers, C.

    2007-01-01

    Ketamine is a new party drug, which is easy to obtain. For this reason, it is possible that physicians will be increasingly confronted with users that have medical problems. Relatively few cases of ketamine intoxication with a fatal outcome have been reported thus far. Ketamine is very hallucinogeni

  4. Population policy: major party positions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, K

    1998-01-01

    This article identifies the major political party positions on population policy (PP) in Australia. Australia has the Governing Coalition, comprised of the Liberal and National Parties, and the Australian Labor Party (ALP), the main opposition party. The ALP adopted a PP at its national conference in 1998. The Government Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (DIMA) does not view a PP as a need. The ALP policy identifies the need to decide on a long term sustainable population size as determined within a PP framework. The visa classification system needs to reflect national priorities. Labor will support a fair refugee and humanitarian program. Skilled labor migration must be linked with labor market needs. Business migration is a means of transferring resources and technology to Australia. The DIMA Minister announced the target intake of 80,000 visa immigrants in 1998- 99, which would produce a peak population of about 23 million in 2050. Settler arrivals from New Zealand would increase population size. A group of scientists and scholars published their recommendations about development of a PP. The Minister of DIMA's defense of the lack of a PP is included in this publication. Labor in several publications indicates support for a larger immigration intake, or an adjustment of the intake within the existing numbers. The Prime Minister, who supports the concept of multiculturalism, argues that people must accept immigration policy. Politics today are more divided over the origin and future of the nation than population size issues.

  5. Final work plan : targeted groundwater sampling and monitoring well installation for potential site reclassification at Barnes, Kansas.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaFreniere, L. M.

    2006-07-11

    This ''Work Plan'' outlines the scope of work for a targeted groundwater sampling investigation and monitoring well installation at Barnes, Kansas. This activity is being conducted at the request of the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE), in accordance with the intergovernmental agreement between the KDHE and the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Data resulting from the proposed work will be used to determine the hydraulic gradient near the former CCC/USDA facility, delineate the downgradient carbon tetrachloride plume, and determine additional monitoring requirements at Barnes. The overall goal is to establish criteria for monitoring leading to potential site reclassification. The proposed work will be performed on behalf of the CCC/USDA by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by the University of Chicago for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Farm Service Agency of the USDA has entered into an interagency agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance with environmental site characterization and remediation at former CCC/USDA grain storage facilities. Argonne issued a ''Master Work Plan'' (Argonne 2002) to provide general guidance for all investigations at former CCC/USDA facilities in Kansas. The ''Master Work Plan'', approved by the KDHE, contains the materials common to investigations at all locations in Kansas. This document must be consulted for the complete details of plans for this work associated with the former CCC/USDA facility at Barnes.

  6. Grupo de trabajo de Leiden sobre fibrinolysis : procedimientos de recogida y manipulación de sangre para la evaluación del activador del plasminógeno de tipo tisular (t-PA) y del inhibidor-1 del activador del plasminógeno (PAI-1) [Leiden fibrinolysis working party : blood collection and handling procedures for assessment of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluft, C.; Verheijen, J.H.

    1992-01-01

    Procedures of blood collection and handling are different for the various variables in haemostasis and tend to change gradually with progress in knowledge and methods. The Working Party has gathered background information about procedures and discussed minimal requirements specifically for t-PA and

  7. Grupo de trabajo de Leiden sobre fibrinolysis : procedimientos de recogida y manipulación de sangre para la evaluación del activador del plasminógeno de tipo tisular (t-PA) y del inhibidor-1 del activador del plasminógeno (PAI-1) [Leiden fibrinolysis working party : blood collection and handling procedures for assessment of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluft, C.; Verheijen, J.H.

    1992-01-01

    Procedures of blood collection and handling are different for the various variables in haemostasis and tend to change gradually with progress in knowledge and methods. The Working Party has gathered background information about procedures and discussed minimal requirements specifically for t-PA and

  8. "Work in progress" : the hidden dimensions of monitoring and planning in Pakistan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkma, W.A.M.

    1998-01-01

    The study argues that monitoring systems for large numbers of projects constituting public sector development programmes such as found in Pakistan, are built on the positivist premise that progress can be summarised objectively and in a few concise statements or indicators. Theory and

  9. "Work in progress" : the hidden dimensions of monitoring and planning in Pakistan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkma, W.A.M.

    1998-01-01

    The study argues that monitoring systems for large numbers of projects constituting public sector development programmes such as found in Pakistan, are built on the positivist premise that progress can be summarised objectively and in a few concise statements or indicators. Theory and handb

  10. Work in progress: the hidden dimensions of monitoring and planning in Pakistan.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkma, W.A.M.

    1998-01-01

    The study argues that monitoring systems for large numbers of projects constituting public sector development programmes such as found in Pakistan, are built on the positivist premise that progress can be summarised objectively and in a few concise statements or indicators. Theory and handbooks on t

  11. Innovative systems for cultural heritage conservation. Millimeter wave application for non-invasive monitoring and treatment of works of art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, Bisceglia; De Leo, Roberto; Pastore, Anna Pia; von Gratowski, Svetlana; Meriakri, Viatcheslav

    2011-01-01

    A novel non invasive technique and a suitable apparatus for disinfestation of artworks is introduced. Non destructive and non invasive techniques are often irreplaceable in order to preserve and restore cultural heritage objects in its structure and shape. Although many techniques are available for art and archaeological works the non invasive methods are preferred as they leave the object untouched after treatment. Environmental parameters, such as humidity, can damage culture heritage objects and also results in spring up variety of pests and other micro-organisms. Non-invasive monitoring of these damage and also disinfestation treatments and drying with help of electromagnetic waves are preferred as they keep the object untouched after treatment. Application of millimeter waves for solving this problem is discussed here. Millimeter waves have high spatial resolution and absorption in water as well as in bio-objects that are usually moist and at the same time minimal interaction with dry culture heritage objects by itself. Different phases of the microwaves treatment (MW) of artworks are described, some results are shown and discussed. Many biological forms don't survive over a certain temperature, called lethal temperature which, for most xylophages is about 53-55 degrees C, while for moulds and funguses is between 65 and 70 degrees C. In order to evaluate the management of disinfestation of works of art, incident power, temperature, exposure time were monitored. The monitoring of temperature is essential in order to prevent damages. A computer simulation allows to predict and monitor the heating process.

  12. Party rules, party resources and the politics of parliamentary democracies: How parties organize in the 21st century

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poguntke, Thomas; Scarrow, Susan; Webb, Paul;

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces the first findings of the Political Party Database Project, a major survey of party organizations in parliamentary and semi-presidential democracies. The project’s first round of data covers 122 parties in 19 countries. In this article, we describe the scope of the database...

  13. A Choice, Not an Echo: Polarization and the Transformation of the American Party System

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenfeld, Sam Hoffmann

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation offers an intellectual and institutional history of party polarization and ideological realignment in the postwar United States. It treats the construction of an ideologically sorted party system as a political project carried out by conscious actors within and around the Democratic and Republican parties. The work of these activists, interest groups, and political elites helped to produce, by the last decades of the twentieth century, an unpredicted and still-continuing er...

  14. Joe Zhang, Party Man, Company Man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2014-01-01

    Book review of: Joe Zhang: Party Man, Company Man. Honolulu: Enrich Professional Publishing, 2014. 234 pp.......Book review of: Joe Zhang: Party Man, Company Man. Honolulu: Enrich Professional Publishing, 2014. 234 pp....

  15. Monitoring and control of ventilation to improve work safety in mines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mironowicz, W.; Wasilewski, S. [EMAG Centre, Katowice (Poland)

    2001-07-01

    The SMP methane-fire hazard monitoring system, implemented with success in Polish coal mining, at present provides remote and continuous measuring of signals and signalling of abnormal conditions in underground mines, and also automatic control of electric power. The paper describes the system and points out the possibilities of improvement in this matter. To start with, the control and monitoring of ventilation process, in order to reduce air losses, are suggested. The control system of energy-saving and fan's rotational speed control by thyristor cascade are considered to adapt the fan parameters to real requirements of mine. Modernisation of ventilation systems provides electric energy saving and ensures return of capital expenditure in a short time. 5 refs., 4 figs.

  16. DInSAR technique: basis and applications to terrain subsidence monitoring in construction works

    OpenAIRE

    Sillerico, E.; Marchamalo, M.; Rejas, J. G.; MARTíNEZ, R

    2010-01-01

    Subsidences are defined as slow and gradual movements of the terrain or built surface. These may affect all types of terrains, and are caused by tension-induced changes for many reasons, such as lowering water tables (groundwater extraction), underground mining (minerals, coal, salt), excavation of tunnels, extraction of oil or gas, slow processes of dissolution and lixiviation of materials, consolidation of soft soils, organic soils,... The measurement and monitoring of land subsidences are ...

  17. State of work for services provided by the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility for effluent monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gleckler, B.P.

    1995-02-01

    This document defines the services the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility (WSCF) shall provide Effluent Monitoring (EM) throughout the calendar year for analysis. The internal memo contained in Appendix A identifies the samples Em plans to submit for analysis in CY-1995. Analysis of effluent (liquid and air discharges) and environmental (air, liquid, animal, and vegetative) samples is required using standard laboratory procedures, in accordance with regulatory and control requirements. This report describes regulatory reporting requirements and WSCF services and data quality objectives.

  18. Party System Compactness: Measurement and Consequences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alvarez, R. Michael; Nagler, Jonathan

    2004-01-01

    An important property of any party system is the set of choices it presents to the electorate. In this paper we analyze the distribution of parties relative to voters in the multidimensional issue space and introduce two measures of the dispersion of the parties in the issue space relative to the vo

  19. Patronage and party organization in Argentina : the emergence of the patronage-based network party

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scherlis Perel, Gerardo Ezequiel

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation consists of a study of party patronage in Argentina. It attempts to assess the degree to which parties appoint people to public positions, who is in effect responsible for patronage within parties, what motivates parties to appoint in different sectors and at different levels of th

  20. Do Mainstream Parties Adapt to the Welfare Chauvinism of Populist Parties?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schumacher, Gijs; van Kersbergen, Kees

    2016-01-01

    and when mainstream parties ignore, attack or accommodate welfare chauvinism. Using key theories of party behaviour, we test whether mainstream parties (1) respond immediately to populist parties, (2) respond with a time lag, or (3) respond only when they lose elections or are in opposition. Our...

  1. Patronage and party organization in Argentina : the emergence of the patronage-based network party

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scherlis Perel, Gerardo Ezequiel

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation consists of a study of party patronage in Argentina. It attempts to assess the degree to which parties appoint people to public positions, who is in effect responsible for patronage within parties, what motivates parties to appoint in different sectors and at different levels of

  2. Evaluation of black-billed magpies as monitors of environmental contamination : Work plan 1995

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Preliminary proposal and work plan for the project "Evaluation of Black-billed Magpies as Indicators of Environmental Contamination at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal"....

  3. Maintaining professional confidence--monitoring work with obese schoolchildren with support of an action plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müllersdorf, Maria; Zuccato, Linda Martinson; Nimborg, Jennie; Eriksson, Henrik

    2010-03-01

    School nurses meet obese children in their everyday work. Although school nurses acknowledge the importance of getting hold of school children's obesity, they seem to lack strategies enabling them to handle the delicacy of the problem. The aim of this study was to describe how school nurses perceive their work with obese children with support of an action plan. Qualitative in-depth interviews were performed with six school nurses working in a municipality, where an action plan for the work with obese school-age children had been implemented. The transcribed data was analysed by a manifest content analysis. The results showed that the informants perceived having a key role in the obesity work, which they experienced as meaningful, but full of pitfalls. They found themselves suitable for the task, but perceived lacking deeper knowledge about specific modes of work such as motivational conversation. As the task was considered delicate, there were great demands for guidelines, education and cooperation. The action plan served as support for maintaining professional confidence throughout the process, but there was room for improvements.

  4. [Third-party funding and industrial sponsoring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bock, R-W

    2003-11-01

    Due to sensational publications, media-effective proceedings and not least due to personal involvement in many cases the medical profession became aware of the potential criminal significance of third-party funding and industrial sponsoring in hospitals. It started with the so-called Heart-Valve-Affair ("Herzklappenskandal") in 1994. Since then, insecurity prevails which was further nourished by a new series of legal proceedings in spring 2002. Industrial sponsoring has been practised in hospitals for a long time. Research work at universities and colleges would hardly be possible without third-party funding, which is accepted de lege lata according to section sign 25 of the German Hochschulrahmengesetz (framework law on universities and colleges). In view of the course of action of the criminal prosecution authorities the question came up which precautions must be taken with regard to grants by the medical-pharmaceutical industry to avoid consequences from the point of view of criminal law.[nl]There are various facts and circumstances in relation with these benefits, such as providing financing of educational training, payments related to the participation in congresses, speaker's fees, consultancy agreements, clinical tests and application evaluation, provision of equipment and staff as well as providing financing thereof, donations to medical facilities and so-called Fördervereine (supporting associations), benefits for research projects, etc.

  5. Secure data structures based on multi-party computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Tomas

    2011-01-01

    This work considers data structures based on multi-party computation (MPC) primitives: structuring secret (e.g. secret shared and potentially unknown) data such that it can both be queried and updated efficiently. Implementing an oblivious RAM (ORAM) using MPC allows any existing data structure...

  6.  "We got the right to party!"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elmeland, Karen; Kolind, Torsten

    2006-01-01

    a very high consumption of alcohol. For instance in 2003 24 % in this age group reported "binge drinking" 3 times or more during the last 30 days. As a consequence of this increased focus, preventive workers together with parents have on the local level (public schools) worked out "Parents......'s right to party....

  7. Monitoring study of the quality of work with gifted schoolchildren in the Russian Federation regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr Vyacheslavovich Chegodaev

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of research into the quality of work with talented schoolchildren in the Russian Federation subjects. It shows that it is the regional and municipal levels that should be most actively involved in the identification and development of such children. The author suggests his methodology of calculating the integral index of the quality of work with gifted schoolchildren in the regional educational systems. The article shows that Russia’s territories differ considerably according to this indicator. The highest value of the index is registered in the Volga Federal District (average rating is 0.499 and the Central (0.480 Federal District. The constituent entities of the North Caucasian (0.303 and Far Eastern (0.358 federal districts have the lowest average rating. The regions were divided into five groups by the index of quality of work with gifted schoolchildren. The Vologda Oblast joined the group in which the level of quality of work with gifted schoolchildren was above average; the Oblast ranked 22nd in the country and 5th in the Northwestern Federal District. The Oblast has the greatest progress by the set of indicators “Olympiad movement” (6th place among Russian regions. According to some indicators, the Oblast’s results were below the threshold indicators. The dynamics of the integral index of the quality of work with gifted students for 2012–2013 was analysed by the cross grouping of the regions according to the level and rate of growth (decline of the integral index. The Vologda Oblast was included in the group of regions with low growth rates of the integral index (94%, which creates the risk of decrease in the quality of work with gifted students. The article states the main reasons for the integral index decline; it also suggests certain measures for the improvement of the quality of work with gifted schoolchildren

  8. Main Achievements and Basic Experience of Party-building Work of Hunan's Colleges and Universities Since the Reform and Opening-up%改革开放以来湖南省高等学校党建工作的主要成就与基本经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘圣陶; 赵俊

    2011-01-01

    改革开放以来,湖南省高校确立和完善党委领导下的校长负责制,始终用党的理论武装广大师生员工,加强高校党建理论的创新,开创了高校党建工作的自主性和创新性的新局面。在一切从实际出发的原则指导下,高校党建工作在思想政治、组织、作风、制度和反腐倡廉建设等方面均取得了显著的成绩,高校领导班子的治校水平明显提高。%Since the reform and opening-up, Hunan's colleges and universities have established and im- proved the president responsibility system under the leadership of the CPC;always armed the majority of staff and students with the Party's theories, strengthened the innovation of the theory of party-building, and created a new situation of autonomy and innovation of the party-building. Under the guidance of the principle of proceeding from reality,the party-building of Hunan's colleges and universities have made remarkable achievements in such aspects as ideological and political work, organization, style, system and anti-corruption. What is more ,the leadership of running the colleges has improved significantly.

  9. Optical system design with variable working distance for monitoring of environmental contamination in infrared region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanova, G. E.; Zaitceva, A. S.

    2016-04-01

    The project is dedicated to a research and development of a compact optical system for an identification of dangerous substances in a surrounding environment using a spectrum of scattered laser radiation. There is a whole class of tasks for diagnostics of environments and substances which are solved by mobile systems on distances of 0.5 - 10 m from the object. The key feature of an optical system in this case is having the highest functionality, to meet this demands it should be able to work on variable distances and provide the minimal light spot. The purpose of the work is a research of the best possible initial system parameters and its components, designing of an optical system with minimum possible number of elements providing acceptable quality of the image in the required dimensions. An image quality criterion for such systems is the size of the light spot, which defines an operation speed of the system. Using the beam diameter and allowable system dimensions as initial parameters of the two components system, relations were found which helps to define optimal component parameters for future design. To provide the possibility of working on various distances the thickness between the components can be varied. An example of a two component system consisted of three lenses with spherical surfaces is presented. The system works with a laser with the wavelength of 0.785 μm and provides the light spot less than 2.3 mm for all working distances within the range of 2 - 5 m.

  10. The Chinese Communist Party in Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik; Yongnian, Zheng

    Contrary to the expectations of many people, China's recent economic growth has not led to the collapse of the Chinese Communist Party. In fact, the party has recently carried out a peaceful and orderly transition to the so-called fourth generation of leadership, has revitalised itself, and created...... social groups, and increasing dissatisfaction among workers who seem to be losing out in the present transition process. "The Chinese Communist Party in Reform" explores the current state of the Chinese Communist Party and the many challenges which it faces. It considers the dynamics of development...... in China, the party organisation, recruitment and management, and the party's role in society more widely. It concludes by examining the prospects for the future of the Party, including whether it will continue to be able to accommodate socio-economic changes within China and pressures from abroad...

  11. JCFA New President Koichi Kato and His Party in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Invited by the China-Japan Friendship Association (CJFA), a 11-member delegation of the Japan-China Friendship Association (JCFA) headed by Koichi Kato, new president of the JCFA and former secretary general of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party, visited China from September 5 to 7, during which they attended the opening ceremony of the Beijing Paralympic Games and other relevant activities. President Hu Jintao met with Koichi Kato and his party. Koichi Kato attended the welcoming banquet President Hu Jintao and his wife hosted in honour of the dignitaries from various countries who had come to China to watch the Paralympics. Koichi Kato and his party made an official call on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League of China and had a working meeting with the CJFA.

  12. Burnout versus work engagement in their effects on 24-hour ambulatory monitored cardiac autonomic function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.J.P. van Doornen (Lorenz); J.H. Houtveen (Jan); S. Langelaan (Saar); A.B. Bakker (Arnold); W. van Rhenen (Willem); W.B. Schaufeli (Wilmar)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractBurnout has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This relationship may be mediated by a stress-related disruption in cardiac autonomic activity. The aim of the present study was to assess cardiac autonomic activity (sympathetic and parasympathetic) during a work

  13. [Research of working condition monitoring and analyzing system for rotating anode X-ray tube based on the vibration measurement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hao; Wang, Weidong; Yan, Yong; Zhang, Shuai; Zu, Hefei; Chen, Weibin

    2011-01-01

    A non-invasive detecting and analyzing method which used to monitor the working condition of rotating anode X-ray was proposed. Based on the NI development environment, accelerometer, 24-bit high resolution data acquisition card and personal computer were connected to construct the system for collecting the vibration signal of X-ray tube. Results demonstrate that the system could acquire and store the vibration data of X-ray tube quickly and efficiently. The characteristics of vibration, were extracted and processed, which proposed a new approach to detect the malfunction of rotating anode X-ray early and effectively.

  14. Preliminary Work in Atmospheric Turbulence Profiles with the Differential Multi-image Motion Monitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    funded by the Naval Innovative Science and Engineering ( NISE ) Program at SSC Pacific under the NISE Capability Investment category. This is a work of...does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 2...Pacific Naval Innovative Science and Engineering ( NISE ) Program (Capability Investment) 53560 Hull Street San Diego, CA 92152–5001

  15. Real-Time Personalized Monitoring to Estimate Occupational Heat Stress in Ambient Assisted Working

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Pancardo; Acosta, Francisco D.; José Adán Hernández-Nolasco; Miguel A. Wister; Diego López-de-Ipiña

    2015-01-01

    Ambient Assisted Working (AAW) is a discipline aiming to provide comfort and safety in the workplace through customization and technology. Workers’ comfort may be compromised in many labor situations, including those depending on environmental conditions, like extremely hot weather conduces to heat stress. Occupational heat stress (OHS) happens when a worker is in an uninterrupted physical activity and in a hot environment. OHS can produce strain on the body, which leads to discomfort and eve...

  16. The social organism: congresses, parties, and committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strassmann, Joan E; Queller, David C

    2010-03-01

    We propose that what makes an organism is nearly complete cooperation, with strong control of intraorganism conflicts, and no affiliations above the level of the organism as unified as those at the organism level. Organisms can be made up of like units, which we call fraternal organisms, or different units, making them egalitarian organisms. Previous definitions have concentrated on the factors that favor high cooperation and low conflict, or on the adapted outcomes of organismality. Our approach brings these definitions together, conceptually unifying our understanding of organismality. Although the organism is a concerted cluster of adaptations, nearly all directed toward the same end, some conflict may remain. To understand such conflict, we extend Leigh's metaphor of the parliament of genes to include parties with different interests and committees that work on particular tasks.

  17. How Many Political Parties Should Brazil Have? A Data-Driven Method to Assess and Reduce Fragmentation in Multi-Party Political Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaz de Melo, Pedro O S

    2015-01-01

    In June 2013, Brazil faced the largest and most significant mass protests in a generation. These were exacerbated by the population's disenchantment towards its highly fragmented party system, which is composed by a very large number of political parties. Under these circumstances, presidents are constrained by informal coalition governments, bringing very harmful consequences to the country. In this work I propose ARRANGE, a dAta dRiven method foR Assessing and reduciNG party fragmEntation in a country. ARRANGE uses as input the roll call data for congress votes on bills and amendments as a proxy for political preferences and ideology. With that, ARRANGE finds the minimum number of parties required to house all congressmen without decreasing party discipline. When applied to Brazil's historical roll call data, ARRANGE was able to generate 31 distinct configurations that, compared with the status quo, have (i) a significant smaller number of parties, (ii) a higher discipline of partisans towards their parties and (iii) a more even distribution of partisans into parties. ARRANGE is fast and parsimonious, relying on a single, intuitive parameter.

  18. Political Parties between Conflict and Consensus, with Special Review on Party Finance: the Example of Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje Matakovic

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Political parties as voluntary organizations of free citizens in democratic state feature their candidates for parliament and strive to gain the best results in elections. In order to participate in elections and accomplish the tasks they were founded for, political parties should have access to financial resources for paying expenditures related to their activities. This paper will show that political parties in Germany, contrary to the conflicts shown in public have build up mutual cooperation in developing generous system of party financing from public sources. Cooperation in political life and consensual decision making were developed in Germany as the outcome of the totalitarian past, and this conceptual background has been used by political parties in order to develop the system of public party financing. In this way party cartel was created, and parties took over the country and created party state.

  19. On the possibility of using biological toxicity tests to monitor the work of wastewater treatment plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zorić Jelena

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to ascertain the possibility of using biological toxicity tests to monitor influent and effluent wastewaters of wastewater treatment plants. The information obtained through these tests is used to prevent toxic pollutants from entering wastewater treatment plants and discharge of toxic pollutants into the recipient. Samples of wastewaters from the wastewater treatment plants of Kragujevac and Gornji Milanovac, as well as from the Lepenica and Despotovica Rivers immediately before and after the influx of wastewaters from the plants, were collected between October 2004 and June 2005. Used as the test organism in these tests was the zebrafish Brachydanio rerio Hamilton - Buchanon (Cyprinidae. The acute toxicity test of 96/h duration showed that the tested samples had a slight acutely toxic effect on B. rerio, except for the sample of influent wastewater into the Cvetojevac wastewater treatment plant, which had moderately acute toxicity, indicating that such water should be prevented from entering the system in order to eliminate its detrimental effect on the purification process.

  20. Towards continuous and real-time attention monitoring at work: reaction time versus brain response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mijović, Pavle; Ković, Vanja; De Vos, Maarten; Mačužić, Ivan; Todorović, Petar; Jeremić, Branislav; Gligorijević, Ivan

    2017-02-01

    Continuous and objective measurement of the user attention state still represents a major challenge in the ergonomics research. Recently available wearable electroencephalography (EEG) opens new opportunities for objective and continuous evaluation of operators' attention, which may provide a new paradigm in ergonomics. In this study, wearable EEG was recorded during simulated assembly operation, with the aim to analyse P300 event-related potential component, which provides reliable information on attention processing. In parallel, reaction times (RTs) were recorded and the correlation between these two attention-related modalities was investigated. Negative correlation between P300 amplitudes and RTs has been observed on the group level (p attention monitoring in ergonomics research. On the other hand, no significant correlation between RTs and P300 latency was found on group, neither on individual level. Practitioner Summary: Ergonomic studies of assembly operations mainly investigated physical aspects, while mental states of the assemblers were not sufficiently addressed. Presented study aims at attention tracking, using realistic workplace replica. It is shown that drops in attention could be successfully traced only by direct brainwave observation, using wireless electroencephalographic measurements.

  1. Mission Operations and Information Management Area Spacecraft Monitoring and Control Working Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lokerson, Donald C. (Editor)

    2005-01-01

    Working group goals for this year are: Goal 1. Due to many review comments the green books will be updated and available for re-review by CCSDS. Submission of green books to CCSDS for approval. Goal 2.Initial set of 4 new drafts of the red books as following: SM&C protocol: update with received comments. SM&C common services: update with received comments and expand the service specification. SM&C core services: update with received comments and expand the service the information model. SM&C time services: (target objective): produce initial draft following template of core services.

  2. Monitoring mental work and pattern recognition of a human brain with a functional near-infrared imager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiguo; Zeng, Shaoqun; Luo, Qingming; Gong, Hui; Yang, Zhongzhong; Guan, Lingchu; Chance, Britton

    1999-03-01

    A NIRS imager is used as a real time monitor in psychological test to record the response in blood oxyhemoglobin state and blood flow of the frontal gyri of human subject. The imager has 9 lamps and 4 dual detector pairs and an area of 9*4 cm. In mental work and pattern recognition test, we recorded oxygen consumption and blood flow changes of the volunteer's frontal gyri. The psychological results showed that down part of the left frontal gyri has intensive relation with pattern recognition and has definite boundaries. However, the mental work involved more zones of frontal gyri and it may be a more complicated think model. The results also suggested that brain have an exquisite and complicated adjust ability. As a result, the oxygen supplement in excited area increased as the neuron excited.

  3. Environmental monitoring and assessment of short-term exposures to hazardous chemicals of a sterilization process in hospital working environments.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koda S

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to assess short-term exposures to ethylene oxide, formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde in a sterilization process, the authors conducted continuous environmental monitoring of these chemicals in the breathing zone of workers in 2 hospitals. The arithmetic mean of ethylene oxide was 1.2 ppm near unventilated cabinets housing sterilizing materials, and environmental concentrations of ethylene oxide could not be reduced under threshold limit values time weighted average by only managing general ventilation. Environmental concentration of formaldehyde was lower in a properly ventilated pathology division in which no large specimens were stored (0.3 ppm than in the pathology division where large specimens were stored (2.3 ppm. Although environmental concentrations of glutaraldehyde in an endoscopy unit with proper general ventilation were not detectable, environmental concentration levels in an endoscopy unit without general ventilation system were 0.2 and 0.5 ppm. According to the results of environmental monitoring in the breathing zone of workers, extremely high concentrations were observed in some work practices (ethylene oxide, 300 ppm; formaldehyde, 8.6 ppm; glutaraldehyde, 2.6 ppm. In order to avoid occupational exposures to these chemicals and prevent potential chronic and acute health hazards, good communications with these chemicals, good work practices, appropriate personal protective equipment, and engineering controls should be required.

  4. Activist Model of Political Party Growth

    CERN Document Server

    Jeffs, Rebecca A; Roach, Paul A; Wyburn, John

    2015-01-01

    The membership of British political parties has a direct influence on their political effectiveness. This paper applies the mathematics of epidemiology to the analysis of the growth and decline of such memberships. The party members are divided into activists and inactive members, where all activists influence the quality of party recruitment, but only a subset of activists recruit and thus govern numerical growth. The activists recruit for only a limited period, which acts as a restriction on further party growth. This Limited Activist model is applied to post-war and recent memberships of the Labour, Scottish National and Conservative parties. The model reproduces data trends, and relates realistically to historical narratives. It is concluded that the political parties analysed are not in danger of extinction but experience repeated periods of growth and decline in membership, albeit at lower numbers than in the past.

  5. Gender differences in Assessments of Party Leaders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina; Hansen, Kasper Møller

    2015-01-01

    Is there a relationship between party leader gender and voters' assessments? Yes, according to theses on gender identity and stereotyping. A voter survey during the 2011 Danish general election allows for a comprehensive analysis of a less likely case with four male and four female party leaders....... Female party leaders are assessed more positively by female voters than male voters both in regard to general party leader sympathy and assessment of specific characteristics, whereas it is not the case that male party leaders are assessed more positively by male voters than female voters. The impact...... of gender does not increase with age, actually, the opposite is the case among men since younger male voters have smaller sympathy for female party leaders. Furthermore, there is no support for the expectation that voters with more education or with higher levels of political interest and knowledge are more...

  6. Gender differences in Assessments of Party Leaders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina; Hansen, Kasper Møller

    2015-01-01

    Is there a relationship between party leader gender and voters' assessments? Yes, according to theses on gender identity and stereotyping. A voter survey during the 2011 Danish general election allows for a comprehensive analysis of a less likely case with four male and four female party leaders....... Female party leaders are assessed more positively by female voters than male voters both in regard to general party leader sympathy and assessment of specific characteristics, whereas it is not the case that male party leaders are assessed more positively by male voters than female voters. The impact...... of gender does not increase with age, actually, the opposite is the case among men since younger male voters have smaller sympathy for female party leaders. Furthermore, there is no support for the expectation that voters with more education or with higher levels of political interest and knowledge are more...

  7. Formace hnutí Tea Party

    OpenAIRE

    Bicková, Eliška

    2014-01-01

    Tea Party affects American politics since 2009 when she began under the name of former revolutionary movement to fight government interventions with massive demonstrations. There was often incorrect expectation concerning Tea Party's potential in the first years of her activity. Tea Party supporters cannot be easily characterized, since a very differentiated group of Americans identifies itself with the movement, they come from a broad scale of social groups from Religious Right to libertaria...

  8. Ionosphere monitoring and forecast activities within the IAG working group "Ionosphere Prediction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoque, Mainul; Garcia-Rigo, Alberto; Erdogan, Eren; Cueto Santamaría, Marta; Jakowski, Norbert; Berdermann, Jens; Hernandez-Pajares, Manuel; Schmidt, Michael; Wilken, Volker

    2017-04-01

    Ionospheric disturbances can affect technologies in space and on Earth disrupting satellite and airline operations, communications networks, navigation systems. As the world becomes ever more dependent on these technologies, ionospheric disturbances as part of space weather pose an increasing risk to the economic vitality and national security. Therefore, having the knowledge of ionospheric state in advance during space weather events is becoming more and more important. To promote scientific cooperation we recently formed a Working Group (WG) called "Ionosphere Predictions" within the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) under Sub-Commission 4.3 "Atmosphere Remote Sensing" of the Commission 4 "Positioning and Applications". The general objective of the WG is to promote the development of ionosphere prediction algorithm/models based on the dependence of ionospheric characteristics on solar and magnetic conditions combining data from different sensors to improve the spatial and temporal resolution and sensitivity taking advantage of different sounding geometries and latency. Our presented work enables the possibility to compare total electron content (TEC) prediction approaches/results from different centers contributing to this WG such as German Aerospace Center (DLR), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Technische Universität München (TUM) and GMV. DLR developed a model-assisted TEC forecast algorithm taking benefit from actual trends of the TEC behavior at each grid point. Since during perturbations, characterized by large TEC fluctuations or ionization fronts, this approach may fail, the trend information is merged with the current background model which provides a stable climatological TEC behavior. The presented solution is a first step to regularly provide forecasted TEC services via SWACI/IMPC by DLR. UPC forecast model is based on applying linear regression to a temporal window of TEC maps in the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) domain

  9. 监测评估成果在水库移民后扶工作中的应用问题及对策--对湖北省大中型水库移民后期扶持政策监测评估工作的思考%Application Problem and Countermeasures of Monitoring and Evaluation Results in Support Work for Reservoir Resettlement---Thinking of Supporting Policy Monitoring and Evaluation after Emigrating for Large and Medium-sized Reservoirs in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹锋; 陈蓓蓓

    2014-01-01

    第三方机构进行移民后扶监测评估在移民后扶政策的落实上发挥了重要的监督、指导和参谋作用。但是,由于有的移民管理机构对监测评估结果缺乏足够的重视,对第三方提交的监测评估成果认知度较低,相关机构与第三方监测机构间缺乏明确的联动机制等问题的存在,导致了监测评估工作没有完全发挥出应有的功效,也在一定程度上削弱了后扶政策的效益。建议深入运用监测评估的资料和数据,建立和执行监评结果公告制度,抓好监评成果的整改落实和追踪问效制度,从而提高监评成果运用效率,消弭移民后扶政策实施中的不规范现象,推动后扶资金的节资增效。%Third party agencies of resettlement aid monitoring and evaluation plays an important supervision,guidance and the role of the general staff in the implementation of the policy on immigration after the resettlement.However,due to some immigration authorities do not pay sufficient attention to the monitoring and the evaluation results have a low cognition of the results of the monitoring evaluation submitted by third parties,lacking of clear linkage mechanism between related institutions and the third party monitoring mechanism,leading to the monitoring and evaluation work not to fully play its due effect,also weakening the aid policy benefits to a certain extent.It is suggested that further use of monitoring and evaluation of information and data,the establishment and implementation of monitoring and evaluation results announcement system,doing a good job of monitoring and evaluation results of the implementation of the rectification and tracking the performance of the system,so as to improve the monitoring and evaluation results using efficiency,eliminating substandard phenomenon of resettlement aid in implementing the policy,promoting aid funds festival capital efficiency.

  10. Book Review: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2016-01-01

    Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7......Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7...

  11. Tracking working status of HIV/AIDS-trained service providers by means of a training information monitoring system in Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadew Mesrak

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Federal Ministry of Health of Ethiopia is implementing an ambitious and rapid scale-up of health care services for the prevention, care and treatment of HIV/AIDS in public facilities. With support from the United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, 38 830 service providers were trained, from early 2005 until December 2007, in HIV-related topics. Anecdotal evidence suggested high attrition rates of providers, but reliable quantitative data have been limited. Methods With that funding, Jhpiego supports a Training Information Monitoring System, which stores training information for all HIV/AIDS training events supported by the same funding source. Data forms were developed to capture information on providers' working status and were given to eight partners who collected data during routine site visits on individual providers about working status; if not working at the facility, date of and reason for leaving; and source of information. Results Data were collected on 1744 providers (59% males in 53 hospitals and 45 health centres in 10 regional and administrative states. The project found that 32.6% of the providers were no longer at the site, 57.6% are still working on HIV/AIDS services at the same facility where they were trained and 10.4% are at the facility, but not providing HIV/AIDS services. Of the providers not at the facility, the two largest groups were those who had left for further study (27.6% and those who had gone to another public facility (17.6%. Of all physicians trained, 49.2% had left the facility. Regional and cadre variation was found, for example Gambella had the highest percent of providers no longer at the site (53.7% while Harari had the highest percentage of providers still working on HIV/AIDS (71.6%. Conclusion Overall, the project found that the information in the Training Information Monitoring System can be used to track the working status of trained providers. Data generated from

  12. Party media agenda-setting: how parties influence election news coverage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.N. Hopmann; C. Elmelund-Præstekær; E. Albæk; R. Vliegenthart; C.H. de Vreese

    2012-01-01

    Political parties have substantial influence on which issues the news media cover during election campaigns, while the media have limited influence on party agendas. However, we know little about why some parties are more successful than others in passing the media’s gates and being covered on spons

  13. Retrieval and Monitoring Processes during Visual Working Memory: An ERP Study of the Benefit of Visual Semantics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Orme

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we examined electrophysiological indices of episodic remembering whilst participants recalled novel shapes, with and without semantic content, within a visual working memory paradigm. The components of interest were the parietal episodic (PE; 400–800 ms and late posterior negativity (LPN; 500–900 ms, as these have previously been identified as reliable markers of recollection and post-retrieval monitoring, respectively. Fifteen young adults completed a visual matrix patterns task, assessing memory for low and high semantic visual representations. Matrices with either low semantic or high semantic content (containing familiar visual forms were briefly presented to participants for study (1500 ms, followed by a retention interval (6000 ms and finally a same/different recognition phase. The event-related potentials of interest were tracked from the onset of the recognition test stimuli. Analyses revealed equivalent amplitude for the earlier PE effect for the processing of both low and high semantic stimulus types. However, the LPN was more negative-going for the processing of the low semantic stimuli. These data are discussed in terms of relatively ‘pure’ and complete retrieval of high semantic items, where support can readily be recruited from semantic memory. However, for the low semantic items additional executive resources, as indexed by the LPN, are recruited when memory monitoring and uncertainty exist in order to recall previously studied items more effectively.

  14. 11 CFR 9004.1 - Major parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Consumer Price Index in the manner described in 11 CFR 110.17(a). ... ENTITLEMENT OF ELIGIBLE CANDIDATES TO PAYMENTS; USE OF PAYMENTS § 9004.1 Major parties. The eligible candidates of each major party in a Presidential election shall be entitled to equal payments under 11...

  15. Sex Parties: Female Teen Sexual Experimentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toscano, Sharyl Eve

    2006-01-01

    Adolescent participants in a study aimed at exploring the nature and characteristics of girls' dating relationships revealed the phenomenon of sex parties. These teens defined a "sex party" as an opportunity to engage in sexual contact outside of typical dating relationships. Sexual activity could involve actual intercourse, but usually involved…

  16. Rural protest groups and populist political parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijker, Derk; Voerman, Gerrit; Terluin, Ida

    2015-01-01

    Some agricultural or rural protest groups in the Western world evolved into political parties - often of a populist nature - whereas others did not. This book is the first to explore under which conditions this happens, and to what extent current populist parties have agricultural or rural ties and

  17. Crossing boundaries : Involving external parties in innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slot, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    To improve the return on investments in innovation, firms increasingly open up their new product development (NPD) processes by inviting external parties to participate. This dissertation focuses on the involvement of three different types of external parties in the NPD process: suppliers, customers

  18. Religion and party choice in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Brug, W.; Hobolt, S.B.; de Vreese, C.H.

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates religiosity in relation to party choice in European Parliament elections. Conventional wisdom tells us that as Europe has secularised, the effect of religion on party choice should also have diminished. Yet, this cross-national and cross-temporal study of religious voting in

  19. Rural protest groups and populist political parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijker, Derk; Voerman, Gerrit; Terluin, Ida

    2015-01-01

    Some agricultural or rural protest groups in the Western world evolved into political parties - often of a populist nature - whereas others did not. This book is the first to explore under which conditions this happens, and to what extent current populist parties have agricultural or rural ties and

  20. Pristine Purity : New Political Parties in Canada

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lucardie, Anthonie

    2007-01-01

    Success sells better than failure; hence new parties receive very little attention from political scientists as long as they remain marginal and fail to win seats in Parliament. Yet in the margins of the party system, they may maintain the pristine purity of political principles and ideas better tha

  1. Party Governance and the Selection of Parliamentarians

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.J. Beniers (Klaas)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper examines the incentives for a party leader in office and for a parties' rank-and-file to replace a sitting member of parliament. As to the leader's decision, we show that the leader prefers to replace a critical member of parliament who votes against the leader's policy. A com

  2. 7 CFR 29.28 - Interested party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interested party. 29.28 Section 29.28 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.28 Interested party. The owner or other financially interested...

  3. Independent Local Political Parties in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voerman, G.; Boogers, M.

    2010-01-01

    In the last 15 years, the Netherlands has witnessed the enormous growth of independent local parties and of their electoral support. In order to assess the success of independent locals in the Netherlands, this paper explores how independent local parties distinguish themselves ideologically, organi

  4. Overcoming the Regional Cleavage? Political Party Nationalization in Ecuador since the Return to Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John POLGA-HECIMOVICH

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This work analyses the evolution of Ecuadorian political parties’ territorial coverage since the return to democracy. It uses district-level electoral returns from between 1979 and 2013 for three different types of elections (presidential, national deputy, provincial deputy to evaluate the territorial homogeneity of the parties in each period («static» nationalization as well as the homogeneity of temporal change («dynamic» nationalization. Through use of electoral cartography, as well as mixed model statistical analysis, the results show a high level of volatility along both dimensions of nationalization for all parties, including the government’s ALianza pais. The analysis also reveals that widespread voter support for legislators from a single party is driven by presidential coattails rather than through developing deep roots in districts. The geographical analysis indicates that regionalism has persisted in Ecuadorian political parties since 1979 despite the success of Rafael Correa’s party at the polls.

  5. W-state Analyzer and Multi-party Measurement-device-independent Quantum Key Distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Changhua; Xu, Feihu; Pei, Changxing

    2015-12-01

    W-state is an important resource for many quantum information processing tasks. In this paper, we for the first time propose a multi-party measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) protocol based on W-state. With linear optics, we design a W-state analyzer in order to distinguish the four-qubit W-state. This analyzer constructs the measurement device for four-party MDI-QKD. Moreover, we derived a complete security proof of the four-party MDI-QKD, and performed a numerical simulation to study its performance. The results show that four-party MDI-QKD is feasible over 150 km standard telecom fiber with off-the-shelf single photon detectors. This work takes an important step towards multi-party quantum communication and a quantum network.

  6. Leakage Resilient Secure Two-Party Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Hazay, Carmit; Patra, Arpita

    2012-01-01

    Definitions.} We formalize the notion of secure two-party computation in the presence of leakage and introduce security definitions in the {\\em ideal/real framework}. Our formalization induces two types of adversarial attacks. We further study the feasibility of our definitions in the computational setting......In the traditional {\\em secure function evaluation} setting, some set of distrusting parties jointly compute a function of their respective inputs {\\em securely} as if the computation is executed in an ideal setting where the parties send inputs to a trusted party that performs the computation...... and explore some of the conditions under which these definitions are met. \\item {\\em Composition Theorems.} We provide compositions theorems for our new modelings. Our results provide compositions theorems for the case where the inputs of the parties are sampled from a min-entropy source distribution. \\item...

  7. JUDGMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE RIO GRANDE DO NORTE STATE: WHICH ASPECTS RELATE WITH APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stênnia Maria Ferreira de Brito

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify factors that relate to the judgment of political parties accountability operating in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Twenty-four political parties with directory in the state were selected considering those who have had their accounts judged between 2006 to 2013. In order to determine which factors are related to the trial of party accounts, logistic regression were considered for the analysis. Independent variables were the total revenues received by the party (in logarithm, dummy for political parties with or without the resources of the party fund and dummy for years that there were state elections, while the trial of the accounts of parties (approval / disapproval is dependent variable. The results show that only the dummy's Party Fund positively influence the judgments of the annual accounts parties. Thus, it is understood that the parties receiving public funds are more likely to provide better information and, therefore, have its accounts approved by the Unidade Técnica do Tribunal Regional Eleitoral do Rio Grande do Norte. Moreover, one can even say that the parties receiving such government help have a trend or an indication of concern with the concept of accountability, since the party fund is a public resource. It is recommended that future studies address other indicators, for example, liquidity, debt and profitability. Moreover, as also proxies related to the disclosure of financial statements, number of persons elected by party in relation to the number of candidates and party members number could become plausible indicators for future research that would use the same methodology. In addition, replicate this metodology to other states for comparative issues, and even use the same methodology at national level could be aspects of research to be worked for the future.

  8. Monitoring sedentary patterns in office employees: validity of an m-health tool (Walk@Work-App) for occupational health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bort-Roig, Judit; Puig-Ribera, Anna; Contreras, Ruth S; Chirveches-Pérez, Emilia; Martori, Joan C; Gilson, Nicholas D; McKenna, Jim

    2017-09-15

    This study validated the Walk@Work-Application (W@W-App) for measuring occupational sitting and stepping. The W@W-App was installed on the smartphones of office-based employees (n=17; 10 women; 26±3 years). A prescribed 1-hour laboratory protocol plus two continuous hours of occupational free-living activities were performed. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) compared mean differences of sitting time and step count measurements between the W@W-App and criterion measures (ActivPAL3TM and SW200Yamax Digi-Walker). During the protocol, agreement between self-paced walking (ICC=0.85) and active working tasks step counts (ICC=0.80) was good. The smallest median difference was for sitting time (1.5seconds). During free-living conditions, sitting time (ICC=0.99) and stepping (ICC=0.92) showed excellent agreement, with a difference of 0.5minutes and 18 steps respectively. The W@W-App provided valid measures for monitoring occupational sedentary patterns in real life conditions; a key issue for increasing awareness and changing occupational sedentariness. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. Governor Involvement in Development Planning: From Tea Parties to Working Parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuckle, Pat; Dunford, John; Hodgson, Janet; Broadhead, Pat

    1998-01-01

    A recent investigation into school development plans in (British) primary schools concerned the involvement of governors in the design and implementation process. There were variations both within and between schools in the amount and nature of governor involvement. There is scope for governing bodies to fulfill their roles in providing a…

  10. 关于新时期加强党对高校意识形态工作领导的战略思考%Strategic Reflection on Enhancing Communist Party's Leadership in Ideological Work of the Universities in the New Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗承选

    2001-01-01

    The ideology in universities is characteristic of its sensitivity, complexity and its exemplary role. At present the ideological work in universities is faced with many challenges, such as the tendency of globalization and the signs of the concept of "westernization", networking and the loss of the traditional ideological and cultural resources, etc. To meet these challenges, we must enhance the position concept and strengthen the role and position of the counmunist Party in the ideological work of the universities. The Party's strategic task is to promote theoretical initiative and innovation and endeavor to represent the orientation or direction of China's advanced culture. To accomplish this task, we must consolidate the Marxist leading position in the ideological field of the universities and give full play to the political theoretical study and to the teaching of the course of Marxist theory and the course of ideology and morality, which serve as the main channel and main position for ideological work. We must train and bring up a great number of Marxists, firmly take the ideological position in the universities and greatly promote theoretical innovation.%高校意识形态具有敏感性、复杂性、示范性的特点。当前高校意识形态正面临着诸多挑战,如全球化的趋势与“西化”思想的抬头、网络化与传统思想文化资源的流失,等等。迎接这些挑战,就要强化阵地意识,切实加强党在高校意识形态工作中的地位和作用。党在高校意识形态工作中的战略任务是:推进理论创新,努力代表中国先进文化的前进方向。要完成此项任务,就要巩固马克思主义在高校意识形态领域的指导地位,充分发挥政治理论学习和“两课”教学的主渠道、主阵地作用,注重培养和造就一大批青年马克思主义者,牢固占领高校意识形态阵地,大力推进理论创新工作。

  11. Political Marketing Mix in Indonesia Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy Simbolon

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The reform era has changed the paradigm of Indonesian politics. Multiparty system has demanded a political party to be able to compete for their constituents. Article aimed to convey a political marketing concept that can helppolitical parties in planning a strategy to win the election. Research method used descriptive method analysis. The results suggest that the approach of the marketing mix that includes the product, price, place, and promotion areapproaches that are very helpful in presenting a plan to win the marketing strategy of political parties in elections.

  12. The Labour Party and British Republicanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth O. MORGAN

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, once solved a case by referring to “the dog that did not bark.” In the past 250 years of British history, republicanism is another dog that did not bark. This is particularly true of supposedly our most radical major political party, the Labour Party. Over the monarchy, as over constitutional matters generally, Labour’s instincts have been conservative. Even after 1997, when the party, led by Lord Irvine, has indeed embarked upon major constitutional ref...

  13. Monitoring supports performance in a dual-task paradigm involving a risky decision-making task and a working memory task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bettina eGathmann

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Performing two cognitively demanding tasks at the same time is known to decrease performance. The current study investigates the underlying executive functions of a dual-tasking situation involving the simultaneous performance of decision making under explicit risk and a working memory task. It is suggested that making a decision and performing a working memory task at the same time should particularly require monitoring - an executive control process supervising behavior and the state of processing on two tasks. To test the role of a supervisory/monitoring function in such a dual-tasking situation we investigated 122 participants with the Game of Dice Task plus 2-back task (GDT plus 2-back task. This dual task requires participants to make decisions under risk and to perform a 2-back working memory task at the same time. Furthermore, a task measuring a set of several executive functions gathered in the term concept formation (Modified Card Sorting Test, MCST and the newly developed Balanced Switching Task (BST, measuring monitoring in particular, were used. The results demonstrate that concept formation and monitoring are involved in the simultaneous performance of decision making under risk and a working memory task. In particular, the mediation analysis revealed that BST performance partially mediates the influence of MCST performance on the GDT plus 2-back task. These findings suggest that monitoring is one important subfunction for superior performance in a dual-tasking situation including decision making under risk and a working memory task.

  14. PEASANTRY, FAMILY PARTIES AND MEANINGS OF KINSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Carine Wedig

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors focus the study on the Family Party taken as a privileged space to grasp symbolic categories departing from which the peasants build kinship. These parties bring to the foreground kinship meanings departing from the revival of a myth of origin and the affirmation of broad kinship binds. The study is based on an ethnographical research conducted within a Family Party of a rural community of German immigrants’ descendents, located in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Research findings led the authors to consider that the party participants establish different meanings for kinship, which gather people that either descend from a common ancestral or have a connection with him or her, thus constituting a relation of familial or ethnic belonging.

  15. Political Parties and Democracy in Haiti

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    States continues its xv efforts to hold Haitian elites accountable to the ideals and rules of their democratic system in order for party system...schism between the ruling party and a democratic alternative that seeks political power outside of Haiti�s legitimate democratic system . Such actions...States should continue in its efforts to hold Haitian elites accountable to the ideals and rules of a democratic system . The repressive and corrupt

  16. Movements in Parties: OccupyPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatella della Porta

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available When the United States activists called for people to Occupy#everywhere, it is unlikely they were thinking of the headquarters of the Italian centre-left party. Parties and movements are often considered to be worlds apart. In reality, parties have been relevant players in movement politics, and movements have influenced parties, often through the double militancy of many of their members. OccupyPD testifies to a continuous fluidity at the movement-party border, but also to a blockage in the party’s interactions with society that started long before the economic crisis but drastically accelerated with it. In this paper we present the OccupyPD Movement as a case of interaction between party politics and social movement politics, and in particular between the base membership of a centre-left party and the broader anti-austerity movement that diffused from the US to Europe adopting similar forms of actions and claims. Second, by locating it within the context of the economic and democratic crisis that erupted in 2007, we understand its emergence as a reaction towards politics in times of crisis of responsibility, by which we mean a drastic drop in the capacity of the government to respond to citizens’ requests. To fulfil this double aim, we bridge social movement studies with research on party change, institutional trust and democratic theory, looking at some political effects of the economic crisis in terms of a specific form of legitimacy crisis, as well as citizens’ responses to it, with a particular focus on the political meaning of recent anti-austerity protests. In this analysis, we refer to both quantitative and qualitative data from secondary liter-ature and original in-depth interviews carried out with a sample of OccupyPD activists.

  17. Third Party Involvement in Barroom Conflicts

    OpenAIRE

    Parks, Michael J.; Osgood, D. Wayne; Richard B. Felson; Wells, Samantha; Graham, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effect of situational variables on whether third parties intervene in conflicts in barroom settings, and whether they are aggressive or not when they intervene. Based on research on bystander intervention in emergencies, we hypothesized that third parties would be most likely to become involved in incidents with features that convey greater danger of serious harm. The situational variables indicative of danger were severity of aggression, whether the aggression was one...

  18. Party Formation in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation is about how political parties formed in the world's first mass democracy, the United States. I trace the process of party formation from the bottom up. First, I ask: How do individuals become engaged in politics and develop political affiliations? In most states, throughout the antebellum era, the county was the primary unit of political administration and electoral representation. Owing to their small size, contiguity, and economic homogeneity, I expect that each county's ...

  19. Motivated Reasoning and Political Parties: Evidence for Increased Processing in the Face of Party Cues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Michael Bang; Skov, Martin; Serritzlew, Søren;

    2013-01-01

    Extant research in political science has demonstrated that citizens’ opinions on policies are influenced by their attachment to the party sponsoring them. At the same time, little evidence exists illuminating the psychological processes through which such party cues are filtered. From...... the psychological literature on source cues, we derive two possible hypotheses: (1) party cues activate heuristic processing aimed at minimizing the processing effort during opinion formation, and (2) party cues activate group motivational processes that compel citizens to support the position of their party....... As part of the latter processes, the presence of party cues would make individuals engage in effortful motivated reasoning to produce arguments for the correctness of their party’s position. Following psychological research, we use response latency to measure processing effort and, in support...

  20. Party cohesion in the Icelandic Althingi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Institutional theories of party cohesion may be divided into "nomination theories" and "structure of the executive theories". The former seek explanations of cohesion in the way nominations are conducted, predicting that de-centralized and inclusive nominations will reduce party cohesion. The latter attempt to explain cohesion by reference to the structure of the executive, and predict that parliamentary government will increase cohesion. Party cohesion in the Icelandic Althingi has, hitherto, not been extensively studied. In this article, large amounts of data are explored to test hypotheses derived from the two theoretical approaches. The analysis is based on roll-call data dating back to 1961 and electronic voting records from 1991 onwards. The main conclusion is that party cohesion is at a high level in Iceland, despite decentralized and inclusive nominations, and hypotheses derived from nomination theories therefore find no support in our data. Hypotheses derived from "structure of the executive theories" fare much better and the main reason for high party cohesion in Iceland seems to be parliamentary government. Various features of our data, however, encourage us not to ignore other contextual features affecting party cohesion, which neither of the two institutional theories can account for satisfactorily.

  1. Third party involvement in barroom conflicts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parks, Michael J; Osgood, D Wayne; Felson, Richard B; Wells, Samantha; Graham, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effect of situational variables on whether third parties intervene in conflicts in barroom settings, and whether they are aggressive or not when they intervene. Based on research on bystander intervention in emergencies, we hypothesized that third parties would be most likely to become involved in incidents with features that convey greater danger of serious harm. The situational variables indicative of danger were severity of aggression, whether the aggression was one-sided or mutual, gender, and level of intoxication of the initial participants in the conflict. Analyses consist of cross-tabulations and three-level Hierarchical Logistic Models (with bar, evening, and incidents as levels) for 860 incidents of verbal and physical aggression from 503 nights of observation in 87 large bars and clubs in Toronto, Canada. Third party involvement was more likely during incidents in which: (1) the aggression was more severe; (2) the aggression was mutual (vs. one-sided) aggression; (3) only males (vs. mixed gender) were involved; and (4) participants were more intoxicated. These incident characteristics were stronger predictors of non-aggressive third party involvement than aggressive third party involvement. The findings suggest that third parties are indeed responding to the perceived danger of serious harm. Improving our knowledge about this aspect of aggressive incidents is valuable for developing prevention and intervention approaches designed to reduce aggression in bars and other locations. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Formal analysis and design of multi-party fair exchange protocols

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Based on the origin of message items and channel combination between transacting parties, and events and relations among events, this paper presents a concise, precise, and hierarchical model for general fair exchange protocols, formally specifies various security requirements which are able to reflect inherent requirements for fair exchange protocols more rigorously, and partition these security requirements with fine granularity. This work helps analyze, debug, and design multi-party fair exchange protocols more effectively and elaborately.

  3. From Party Systems to Party Organizations: The Adaptation of Latin American Parties to Changing Environments De sistemas partidarios a la organización partidaria. La adaptación de partidos latinoamericanos a ambientes cambiantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wills-Otero

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Review Article:Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed. (2008, Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Greene, Kenneth F. (2007, Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico’s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. Levitsky, Steven (2003, Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. The study of party systems and political parties is one of the largest subfields in political science. Classic studies in advanced democracies focused primarily on party systems and developed theories about the causes and consequences of different types of systems. In recent years, new academic work begun to differentiate parties within systems by understanding their organizational structure, their internal dynamics, the different ways in which they interact with their constituencies, and the strategies that they use to attract voters. Studies show that parties within the same system behave and react differently given their internal conditions. This article reviews three scholarly books that deal with this issue. The works analyze the internal dynamics of Latin American political parties and their capacity to respond and adapt their structures when environmental challenges take place. Review Article:Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed. (2008, Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Greene, Kenneth F. (2007, Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico���s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. Levitsky, Steven (2003, Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. El estudio de los sistemas de partidos y partidos políticos es una de las áreas más amplias en la ciencia política. Trabajos clásicos llevados a cabo en democracias avanzadas, enfocaron su atenci

  4. Raman monitoring of a catalytic system at work: Influence of the reactant on the sensitivity to laser-induced heating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnee, Josefine; Gaigneaux, Eric M.

    2017-02-01

    Characterizing catalysts under working conditions is crucial to understand and to optimize their behavior and performance. However, when Raman spectroscopy is used, attention has to be paid to laser-induced artefacts. While laser irradiation is often claimed to lead to a temperature gradient between the integral catalyst bed and the sampling point, neither the circumstances when such effect appears, nor if it systematically occurs or not, are really explored in details. The present paper shows that the sensitivity of a catalyst to laser-induced heating largely depends on the gas composition under which the analysis is done, in particular that it depends whether the catalyst has adsorbed reactant molecules or not. These aspects are here addressed via the Raman in situ exploration of H3PW12O40. This heteropolyacid is a widely used acid catalyst due to its very high Brönsted acidity, approaching the superacid region. In particular, we have investigated the impact of laser irradiation in the Raman monitoring of solid H3PW12O40 at work under a flow of methanol in nitrogen at 50 °C. When 1 single spectrum of H3PW12O40 was measured after 3 h of exposure to methanol, the characteristic Csbnd H vibration bands of adsorbed methanol appeared. However, when spectra were measured continuously throughout the experiment, the same Csbnd H vibration bands were observed only during the first hour, then they disappeared and the characteristic bands of polyaromatic molecules appeared. Under continuous laser irradiation, adsorbed methanol was thus converted into polyaromatic coke as resulting from a laser-induced heating. However, the spectra collected under pure nitrogen show that the laser does not heat the catalyst in the absence of methanol. UV-Vis revealed the reason of the laser-induced heating in the presence of methanol, and the subsequent formation of coke. Actually the catalyst gets reduced by the adsorbed methanol, what darkens the catalyst bed. Such a darkening renders

  5. Making hay while the sun shines: do parties only respond to media attention when the framing is right?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Pas, D.

    2014-01-01

    When do parties take over the media’s issue attention in parliament? Scholarly work has shown that the mass media’s influence over the political agenda is conditional, yet only recently scholars started to consider the active role of parties and their strategic incentives in responding to the media.

  6. PARTY CONTROL BODIES AS A TOOL AGAINST OPPOSITION IN MOSCOW 1920S

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Sannikov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the features of the factional struggle within the Communist Party in the 1920s. The author emphasizes the role of the supervisory bodies of the RCP (b - VKP (b in countering internal party oppositions as the all-Union, and at the regional level (in Moscow. Main attention is paid to the study of the activities of supervisory bodies at the regional level - the Moscow provincial party organization. The author notes that the expression of anti-bureaucratic sentiment within the highest echelons of the party and state leadership becomes intraparty opposition. Supporters of opposition leader offered to fight the bureaucracy to replace the anti-democratic practices elected leaders. The ideas of the opposition led by L.D. Trotsky went against the dictatorial line I.V. Stalin, who sought to solve everything himself, and therefore rejected by the Party Central Committee. By November 1927 the Trotskyist opposition had to quit the political stage. As a consequence, the political struggle with the opposition naturally led to regular purges of the party. Communication with the left opposition was considered dangerous for executives, and for ordinary members of the party. Check for loyalty were even nomenclature cadres of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b. This fact indicates that even among the ruling strata were those whom the Party control agencies suspected of having links with the opposition. In the case of establishing the facts of the opposition activity, the CCC to act radically. The most active members of the Moscow Committee of the RCP (b is not only expressed his full confidence in the Central Committee of Communist Party policy (b, and endorsed his line on the prohibition of factions within the party The author concludes systematically tightened methods of political struggle. The bodies of the Party Control showed that the Communist Party can not coexist and that the two factions of the party control mechanism works very

  7. Institute of party leadership system of the party creation of modern Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. O. Lavrenyuk

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article based on the study of the theory and practice of party­building in Ukraine examines the role of party leader in the political process and the establishment of parties, implementation of the political power, the development of political consciousness and the formation of modern political elite of our country. It is alleged that party leader – a reputable, recognized in its political environment, the person chosen to lead the party and the ability of citizens to consolidate around a common goal, most effectively represent the interests of a particular social group. It is stated that the defining feature of the phenomenon of party leadership is that under conditions of constant political development and irreversibility of democratic transformations in Ukraine part of leaders of political parties in fact is a powerful talent pool for senior government officials, local government agencies and other administrative institutions. The process of creating games as an integral part of the political process is characterized by a certain way, the mechanism of action of consciousness and culture in the public sphere, which deals with political parties. Regularities component of modern political elite of the party elite acts ­ governing the range of persons in the political party headed by its leader that are directly involved in strategic decision­making, policy formulation of this power, as well as its participation in the political process. We study the classification model of national political parties and the institutions of the party leadership. It is proposed to assess the level of correlation of the party leaders and the general dynamics of the civil society in Ukraine. It is stated that at this time a fundamental change in Ukrainian Party elite has not happened yet. However, there is a long evolution of the institute of the party leadership – a rather difficult process of internal and external, objective and subjective, economic

  8. Youth, Skills Development, and Work in the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2012: Learning from Asia or for Asia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Kenneth

    2014-01-01

    The article underlines the historic importance of the treatment of skills development, finally, by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) team. Among the many challenges in its analysis are the multiple and overlapping meanings of the word skill, and the consequent difficulties of quantifying and monitoring efforts at skills…

  9. The Spies We Trust: Third Party Service Providers and Law Enforcement Surveillance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soghoian, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunications carriers and service providers now play an essential role in facilitating modern surveillance by law enforcement agencies. The police merely select the individuals to be monitored, while the actual surveillance is performed by third parties: often the same email providers, search engines and telephone companies to whom consumers…

  10. The Spies We Trust: Third Party Service Providers and Law Enforcement Surveillance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soghoian, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunications carriers and service providers now play an essential role in facilitating modern surveillance by law enforcement agencies. The police merely select the individuals to be monitored, while the actual surveillance is performed by third parties: often the same email providers, search engines and telephone companies to whom consumers…

  11. The Nationalisation of Post-Communist Party Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bochsler, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Party nationalisation, defined as the homogeneity of party strength across a country, has recently become a major issue in research. Even though territory is a salient political question in the post- communist countries in Europe, party nationalisation in these countries has been neglected by the...... provide for a high degree of nationalisation, or where super-presidentialism inhibits the creation of strong nationalised parties....

  12. Constituents of political cognition: Race, party politics, and the alliance detection system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietraszewski, David; Curry, Oliver Scott; Petersen, Michael Bang; Cosmides, Leda; Tooby, John

    2015-07-01

    Research suggests that the mind contains a set of adaptations for detecting alliances: an alliance detection system, which monitors for, encodes, and stores alliance information and then modifies the activation of stored alliance categories according to how likely they will predict behavior within a particular social interaction. Previous studies have established the activation of this system when exposed to explicit competition or cooperation between individuals. In the current studies we examine if shared political opinions produce these same effects. In particular, (1) if participants will spontaneously categorize individuals according to the parties they support, even when explicit cooperation and antagonism are absent, and (2) if party support is sufficiently powerful to decrease participants' categorization by an orthogonal but typically-diagnostic alliance cue (in this case the target's race). Evidence was found for both: Participants spontaneously and implicitly kept track of who supported which party, and when party cross-cut race-such that the race of targets was not predictive of party support-categorization by race was dramatically reduced. To verify that these results reflected the operation of a cognitive system for modifying the activation of alliance categories, and not just socially-relevant categories in general, an identical set of studies was also conducted with in which party was either crossed with sex or age (neither of which is predicted to be primarily an alliance category). As predicted, categorization by party occurred to the same degree, and there was no reduction in either categorization by sex or by age. All effects were replicated across two sets of between-subjects conditions. These studies provide the first direct empirical evidence that party politics engages the mind's systems for detecting alliances and establish two important social categorization phenomena: (1) that categorization by age is, like sex, not affected by alliance

  13. New alliances: why mainstream parties govern with radical right-wing populist parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.L. de Lange

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the recent government participation of a number of radical right-wing populist parties in West European democracies. With the help of coalition formation theories the government coalitions in which these parties have participated are characterised and inferences are made ab

  14. 24 CFR 401.500 - Required notices to third parties and meeting with third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... third parties and meeting with third parties. (a) General. The PAE must solicit, and document the...) and (f) of this section, in form and substance acceptable to HUD, must be provided. The PAE may... Project Number; (ii) The responsible PAE and contact person, including the address and telephone...

  15. The party politics of economic reform: Public opinion, party positions and partisan cleavages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padgett, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the capacity of parties to cultivate public opinion to accept welfare state reform. 'Preference shaping', it is argued, depends on the intensity of party 'messages', which will be at their strongest where there are sharply defined partisan cleavages in opinion. The aversion o

  16. Watertightness work on the C and D embankment of the Petit-Saut hydraulic facility; first part: establishment of a tightness fault. Dams life. Vouglans dam: life of a thirty years dam; second part: complementary studies and works performed. Activities of the control services; Travaux d'etanchement des digues C et D de l'amenagement hydraulique de Petit-Saut; premiere partie: constatation d'un defaut d'etancheite. La vie des barrages. Barrage de Vouglans: vie d'un trentenaire; deuxieme partie: etudes complementaires et travaux realises. Activite des services du controle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clere, H. [DRIRE Franche-Comte, 25 - Besancon (France); Cotin, L.

    2001-07-01

    This issue of Barrages newsletter comprises 4 articles. The first article deals with the discovery of a tightness deficiency in the embankments of the Petit-Saut dam in French Guiana (description, monitoring after flooding, leaks and pressure measurements, geophysical surveys, solutions). The second article reports on the results of decennial and annual inspections of French dams for the first quarter of 2001: fissures propagation, water oozing, leaks, concrete swelling etc.. Only the observations requiring a special follow-up are reported. The third article is devoted to the complementary study and works carried out at the Vouglans dam (Franche-Comte, France) for the anchoring of the spillway breaking reservoir. The last article reports on some important facts (accidents, reservoirs emptying, administrative instructions, technical meetings, planning of inspections etc..). (J.S.)

  17. Nationalism, territory and extremism in party politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More specifica......In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that both ideas...

  18. Secure Two-Party Computational Geometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shun-Dong Li; Yi-Qi Dai

    2005-01-01

    Secure Multi-party Computation has been a research focus in international cryptographic community in recent years. In this paper the authors investigate how some computational geometric problems could be solved in a cooperative environment, where two parties need to solve a geometric problem based on their joint data, but neither wants to disclose its private data to the other party. These problems are the distance between two private points, the relation between a private point and a circle area, the relation between a private point and an ellipse area and the shortest distance between two point sets. The paper gives solutions to these specific geometric problems, and in doing so a building block is developed,the protocol for the distance between two private points, that is also useful in the solutions to other geometric problems and combinatorial problems.

  19. Party Change in Chile in Comparative Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Angell

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article looks at the changes in party systems generally in modern democracies, and argues that many trends observed internationally - growing mistrust of parties, growing electoral de-alignment - are also observed in Chile. Hence any analysis of party change in Chile has to take into account what is happening in other countries with well-established party systems. The article argues that the comparison with the past tends to be limited to the exceptional 1964-1973 period and that a more extended analysis points to many continuities in the Chilean party system. Competing arguments over whether there is new party cleavage in Chile based on the opposition between support for authoritarianism or support for democracy are also examined*.Resumen Este artículo estudia los cambios generales en los sistemas de partidos en las democracias modernas y argumenta que muchas de las tendencias que se observan internacionalmente -como el aumento en la desconfianza en los partidos, o desalineaciones electorales cada vez mayores- también se observan en Chile. De esta forma, cualquier análisis de cambios en el sistema de partidos de Chile tiene que considerar lo que está sucediendo en otros países con sistemas de partidos bien establecidos. El artículo postula que la comparación del sistema de partidos chileno con el pasado reciente tiende a estar limitado al período excepcional 1964-1973 y que un análisis más extendido implicaría muchas más continuidades de las esperadas. También se cuestiona las nuevas discusiones sobre si existe o no una nueva fisura partidaria, basada en la oposición entre el apoyo y rechazo al sistema autoritario, o el apoyo a la democracia.

  20. Works carried out to correct and monitor water contamination; Actuaciones para la correccion y el seguimiento de la contaminacion hidrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ayora, C.; Guijarro, A.; Domenech, C.; Fernandez, I.; Gomez, P.; Manzano, M.; Mora, A.; Moreno, L.; Navarrete, P.; Sanchez, M.; Serrano, J.

    2001-07-01

    The works carried out to correct or control the impact of the Aznalcollar mine spill on water is described. The chapter refers both to the surface water retained in Entremuros between walls area since the very first moment, to the Guadiamar river water, and to groundwater in the aquifers affected by the spill. Most of the water retained in Entremuros after the spill was treated in situ by the IGME in an emergency plant, and afterwards was evacuated to the Guadalquivir river through the Canal de Aguas Minimas (low water canal). The water was cleaned by adding sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide to small volumes which allowed to settle afterwards. The treatment and evacuation activities lasted around one month. The impact of the spill on the river water resulted in the immediate acidification, reaching pH values around 4 between the failed dam and Aznalcazar village. Also, dissolved oxygen was eliminated, suspended solids increased up to 30 g/L and dissolved heavy metals reached concentrations close to those of the original spilled water. However, after a few days the dissolved oxygen concentrations were recovered, most of the solid particles settled down, and pH started slowly to increase. the fast collection of the mud settled down on the river margins prevented the continuous contamination of the river. However, the Agrio river sector between the failed dam and the Agrio-Guadiamar river junction is still contaminated with acid and heavy metals. It is assumed the discharge of contaminated water from the alluvial aquifer into the river bed. To the s of the Agrio-Guadiamar junction the main threat to river water quality is the disposal of urban and agro-industrial untreated waste water. Looking to the impact on groundwater, only the above mentioned sector of the Agrio river alluvial aquifer is widely contaminated. This pollution is probably due both to the 1998 spill and the previous leakage from the tailings dam, and it is presently under study. Between the Agrio

  1. The Third Party Logistics Selection: A Review of Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Aguezzoul, Aicha

    2007-01-01

    7 pages; International audience; The outsourcing of logistics activities to third-party logistics service providers (3PL) has become a common practice by many companies. The majority of research in this field is of exploratory type and is mainly focused on reasons, benefits, and risks to work with the 3PL as well as the role of those in supply chain management. This paper presents a literature analysis on 3PL selection and evaluation. This selection is a very complex process that depends on s...

  2. Party size and diet of syntopic atelids (Ateles chamek and Lagothrix cana) in Southwestern Brazilian Amazonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwanaga, S; Ferrari, S F

    2001-01-01

    Syntopic Alouatta seniculus, Ateles chamek and Lagothrix cana (Atelidae) were studied in southwestern Amazonia. Primate populations were first surveyed, and then the party size, diet and vertical spacing were monitored over a 5-month period. Atelids accounted for more than half the survey sightings and Lagothrix was the most abundant. Party sizes recorded for both Alouatta and Lagothrix during monitoring were significantly larger than those recorded during surveys, but no such difference was found for Ateles. Monitored parties were significantly larger in Lagothrix in comparison with either Alouatta or Ateles, as were groups of Ateles in comparison with Alouatta. Mean party size in Ateles decreased progressively during the course of the study, from 8.9 +/- 3.4 in June to 3.9 +/- 2.3 in October. Moraceae was the most important dietary resource for Ateles and Lagothrix, in terms of both feeding records and number of species exploited. There was considerable overlap in the plant taxa exploited, but some notable differences, such as the exclusive use of Hymenaea courbaril (Caesalpinaceae) by Lagothrix and of Euterpe precatoria (Arecaceae) by Ateles. As at other sites in the region, Ateles occupied significantly higher forest strata in comparison with Lagothrix. Despite the preliminary nature of the study, the results indicate a number of ecological differences between species that undoubtedly play an important role in niche separation. Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

  3. A Review of 1982 Constitution Regulations on Political Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rıfat KARAKOÇ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the vital elements of modern democratic regimes. Today, for a democracy, the existence of more than one political parties and fair and free competition of these parties is a necessity. In Turkey, until 1946, singe party regime has been employed and after this year, Turkey shifted to multi-parties regime, which is required for real democracy. Since 1946, political parties were counted and regulated in 1961 and 1982 constitutions. In this study; the relation between political parties and democracy, the regulations of 1982 constitution on political parties, the amendments in these regulation in time and lastly, the judgments of constitution regarding the closure cases of political parties will be examined.

  4. The Phonetic Rhetoric in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪婷; 尹静

    2015-01-01

    Katherine Mansfield is a prominent modernist writer. The Garden Party is one of important short stories she wrote in 1921. The story is full of musicality. What’s more, the phonation, stress and intonation of words make the passage possess consis⁃tency with the growth of Laura’s inner heart, that is from excitement, hesitation to peaceful after realization.

  5. The Other Boston Tea Party. Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosal, Lorenca Consuelo; And Others

    A teachers' guide is presented that accompanies the video production of "The Other Boston Tea Party," a play used to teach about the U.S. Constitution and American legal and political systems. The play combines a comedy of manners with an historical approach to the issues surrounding the Federalist/Anti-Federalist debate over…

  6. 34 CFR 682.203 - Responsible parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Responsible parties. 682.203 Section 682.203 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL) PROGRAM General Provisions § 682.203...

  7. Social media, parties, and political inequalities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, K.T.E.; Spierings, C.H.B.M.

    2016-01-01

    This book examines how social media have transformed politics in established democracies. Specifically, the authors examine the influence of the unique qualities of social media on the power balance between and within parties. They present a general theory as well as an in-depth case study of the Ne

  8. Third-Party Contract Negotiations for CEOs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Joe

    1990-01-01

    New and incumbent presidents sometimes are reticent about discussing the specifics of compensation and benefit packages. Third-party negotiators might help bring these issues into the open. A negotiation process and nine specific topics for inclusion in negotiation discussions are outlined. (Author/MSE)

  9. Political party affiliation, political ideology and mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pabayo, Roman; Kawachi, Ichiro; Muennig, Peter

    2015-05-01

    Ecological and cross-sectional studies have indicated that conservative political ideology is associated with better health. Longitudinal analyses of mortality are needed because subjective assessments of ideology may confound subjective assessments of health, particularly in cross-sectional analyses. Data were derived from the 2008 General Social Survey-National Death Index data set. Cox proportional analysis models were used to determine whether political party affiliation or political ideology was associated with time to death. Also, we attempted to identify whether self-reported happiness and self-rated health acted as mediators between political beliefs and time to death. In this analysis of 32,830 participants and a total follow-up time of 498,845 person-years, we find that political party affiliation and political ideology are associated with mortality. However, with the exception of independents (adjusted HR (AHR)=0.93, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.97), political party differences are explained by the participants' underlying sociodemographic characteristics. With respect to ideology, conservatives (AHR=1.06, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.12) and moderates (AHR=1.06, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.11) are at greater risk for mortality during follow-up than liberals. Political party affiliation and political ideology appear to be different predictors of mortality. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  10. 12 CFR 1705.3 - Eligible parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligible parties. 1705.3 Section 1705.3 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN... defined in section 15(a) of the Agricultural Marketing Act, 12 U.S.C. 1141j(a), with not more than...

  11. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...

  12. Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R.; Takimoto, Ayaka; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Increasing interest is being shown in how children develop an understanding of reciprocity in social exchanges and fairness in resource distribution, including social exchanges between third parties. Although there are descriptions of reciprocity on a one-to-one basis in other species, whether nonhumans detect reciprocity and violations of…

  13. Cornerstone Third Party Alternative Cost Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrieling, P. Douglas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The attached cost analyses sheets have been developed for use in planning during the Third Party Alternative study currently underway for the Sandia CREATE project. This cost analysis builds upon the previously submitted base estimate dated June 14, 2013 and includes comparison information collected during a Market Validation exercise conducted in August/September 2013.

  14. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...

  15. Collective members in West European political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez, José Manuel

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the collective members of political parties. Collective members can be defined as organizations having both full self-government rights and entitlements to decision-making processes in the political parties in which they are embedded. This article proposes a basic descriptive typology of collective members that takes into consideration their sociopolitical nature (party political or functional and their pattern of articulation within the party in which they are embedded (whether they help to articulate the whole party structure or not. It also illustrates these subtypes by examining European organizations that meet (or are close to meeting the main defining characteristics of collective members. This examination is based on the analysis of all parties that attained at least 4% of the votes in the last national parliamentary elections in 10 European countries. The article concludes with an analysis of the determinants and prospects of this type of party structure.Este artículo estudia los miembros colectivos de los partidos políticos. Los miembros colectivos pueden ser definidos como organizaciones que poseen a la vez derechos de autogobierno plenos y derecho a participar en los procesos de toma decisiones en el partido político en el que están integrados. El artículo propone una tipología descriptiva de los miembros colectivos que tiene en cuenta su naturaleza sociopolítica (partidista o funcional y su patrón de articulación dentro del partido en el que están integrados (si ayudan o no a articular el conjunto de la estructura partidaria. Asimismo, el artículo ilustra estos subtipos a partir del examen de varias organizaciones políticas europeas que cumplen (o se acercan a cumplir las características definitorias de los miembros colectivos. Este análisis se basa en el examen de todas las organizaciones políticas que alcanzaron más de un 4% de los votos en las últimas elecciones parlamentarias de 10 pa

  16. Biological Monitoring Using Macroinvertebrates as Bioindicators of Water Quality of Maroaga Stream in the Maroaga Cave System, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazon, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Christiane Brito Uherek; Fernando Bernardo Pinto Gouveia

    2014-01-01

    Aquatic environments are being modified by anthropogenic activities regarding their biological, physical, and chemical conditions; even pristine aquatic ecosystems can be threatened. This study focused on the biological monitoring of Maroaga Stream—a first order stream located in an Environmental Protection Area in the Amazon using the Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP) Score System. The BMWP Score System revealed that the Maroaga Stream was a Class I stream (score of 138 points), ind...

  17. A Society of Patriotic Ladies: the Edenton Tea Party

    OpenAIRE

    Cusack, Tricia

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines a relatively little-known revolutionary event in British colonial America known as the Edenton tea party that took place on 25 October in Edenton, North Carolina ten months after its more famous namesake, the Boston Tea Party. Like the Boston tea party the Edenton tea party was an explicitly political event aimed at a new tax on tea imposed by the East India Company. However, unlike the Boston tea party the Edenton tea party solely involved women, the key participants bein...

  18. Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party turned populist?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eiríkur Bergmann

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Though nationalism has always been strong in Iceland, populist political parties did not emerge as a viable force until after the financial crisis of 2008. On wave of the crisis a completely renewed leadership took over the country’s old agrarian party, the Progressive Party (PP, which was rapidly transformed in a more populist direction. Still the PP is perhaps more firmly nationalist than populist. However, when analyzing communicational changes of the new postcrisis leadership it is unavoidable to categorize the party amongst at least the softer version of European populist parties, perhaps closest to the Norwegian Progress Party.

  19. Comparison of three different physiological wristband sensor systems and their applicability for resilience-and work load monitoring

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Binsch, O.; Wabeke, T.R.; Valk, P.J.L.

    2016-01-01

    Leveraging miniaturized sensor and monitoring technology integrated in easy-to-wear wristband wearables represents a great opportunity for advancing Resilience and Mental Health of e.g. employees that experience high workload. Therefore, it is important to gain insights into the reliability of such

  20. Continuous Medication Monitoring (CoMM): A foundational model to support the clinical work of community pharmacists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goedken, Amber M; Butler, Christine M; McDonough, Randal P; Deninger, Michael J; Doucette, William R

    2017-01-02

    Under the Continuous Medication Monitoring (CoMM) approach, community pharmacists prevent, identify, resolve, and document drug therapy problems during the dispensing process. To describe the patients receiving CoMM interventions and the pattern of delivery of CoMM interventions. Pharmacy dispensing and clinical records were reviewed for patients filling at least one prescription and receiving at least one continuous medication monitoring intervention at a community pharmacy from April 2014 through March 2015. The proportion of patients receiving an intervention type and the number of interventions per patient were computed. Nearly 2500 patients received 16,986 continuous medication monitoring interventions over the year. The average age of the patients receiving the interventions was 59.1 years, and they filled an average of 8.0 unique medications. An average of 6.8 interventions was delivered to each patient. About half (49.7%) of interventions addressed drug therapy problems. The pharmacists delivered 3.0 patient counseling and education and 3.4 drug therapy problem interventions per patient on average. There are many opportunities to improve patients' medication use that can be identified and addressed under a Continuous Medication Monitoring model. Movement to this model of practice is desirable, but changes are needed to facilitate the shift. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Political Market Orientation and Strategic Party Postures in Danish Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.; Henneberg, Stephan

    2011-01-01

    Ideologist. Thus, Party A exhibits a mismatch between strategic orientation and implemented organisational profile, based on configuration theory. The results were generally stable across political activity levels. Originality/value – The study contributes to understanding the concept of market orientation...... variables needs to be established to assess the extent to which the organisational alignment results in competitive advantages for a party. Practical implications – Whilst there exists a general cohesiveness within parties regarding the overall strategic posture, political managers need to be aware......Purpose – This paper investigates the relationship between the strategic postures and political market orientation profile of two Danish parties. Profile stability at the organisational level is used as a control variable. Design/methodology/approach – The strategic political postures of two Danish...

  2. 以思想建设为统领铸就领导干部坚强党性%Leading by Ideological Construction,and Tempering Strong party Spirit:Learning from General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Speech in the Conference of the Whole Army on political Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕楠

    2015-01-01

    The Gutian Meeting was an important milestone in the development history of our Party and our army. The resolution of the meeting established the principle of emphasizing the party building in ideology,enriched and developed the party building theory of Marxism,and had a profound influence on the building of our Party. This paper,combining the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech in the New Gutian Meeting, logically reviews the development process of“ideological party building”in theory and practice,and primarily explores the feasible ways to improve the scientific level of“ideological party building”through party spirit edu_cation under the new situation,thus providing a practical solution for solving the inadequate education of educa_tors.%古田会议是我党我军建设史上的一个重要里程碑。会议通过的决议,确立了着重从思想上建党这一重要原则,丰富和发展了马克思主义建党学说,对我们党的建设产生了极为深远的影响。本文结合学习习近平总书记在新古田会议的重要讲话精神,逻辑地梳理了“思想建党”的理论创新和成功实践的发展历程,初步地探索了新形势下党性教育提升“思想建党”科学化水平的可行性路径,为解决当前确实存在的“教育者受教育不够”问题提供了实践性思路。

  3. the doctrine of party autonomy in international commercial arbitration

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RAYAN_

    1. INTRODUCTION. Conflict is unavoidable in human relationships. ..... efficiency and fairness in the dispute resolution process while allowing parties to exercise ..... evolved to act as checks and balances on the principle of party autonomy,.

  4. Party and candidate websites: A comparative explanatory analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruikemeier, S.; Aparaschivei, A.P.; Boomgaarden, H.G.; van Noort, G.; Vliegenthart, R.

    2015-01-01

    This study provides a systematic investigation of party and candidate websites across five countries. It examines three prominent features of current online political communication (interactivity, political personalization, and mobilization). Furthermore it assesses to what extent country, party, an

  5. Asynchronous Multi-Party Computation with Quadratic Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirt, Martin; Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Przydatek, Bartosz

    2008-01-01

    We present an efficient protocol for secure multi-party computation in the asynchronous model with optimal resilience. For n parties, up to t computed with communication complexity O(cn^2k) bits, which...

  6. Opinion on the radio-ecological monitoring of waters around nuclear installations and on the management of old nuclear waste warehousing sites: 18 recommendations to improve information, transparency and dialogue with involved parties; Avis sur le suivi radioecologique des eaux autour des installations nucleaires et sur la gestion des anciens sites d'entreposage de dechets radioactifs. 18 recommandations pour ameliorer l'information, la transparence et la concertation avec les parties prenantes..

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    After a presentation of the different actors (agencies, institutions, companies) involved in the activities of the various French nuclear installations (base nuclear installations and those concerning the national defence), this report describes the radio-ecological monitoring performed around these nuclear sites: water surveillance on these sites and within their environment, regulatory requirements on effluents and surveillance, information provided by operators and by institutional organisations, assessment of the radio-ecological status of nuclear sites and of potential environmental and health impacts. It describes regulatory obligation in terms of public information, information and communication actions, and gives an assessment of the High committee about public information quality. It discusses ways to improve this quality for a higher transparency, to reinforce the role of local information commissions (CLI), and improve site monitoring. All these aspects are grouped in 18 recommendations.

  7. Public funding of political parties when campaigns are informative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortín, Ignacio Ortuño; Schultz, Christian

    ’s dependence on vote shares induces fur- ther moderation and improves welfare. If parties are asymmetric, vote share dependent public funding bene…ts the large party and makes it moderate its candidate, while the smaller party reacts by choosing a more extremist candidate. On balance, however, if the parties...... are not too asymmetric, an increase in vote share dependent funding improves welfare and increases the likelihood that a moderate candidate wins the election...

  8. Fairness overrides group bias in children's second-party punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuliffe, Katherine; Dunham, Yarrow

    2017-04-01

    Adults and children show ingroup favoritism in their 3rd-party punishment of cooperative norm violations, suggesting that group loyalty importantly shapes enforcement of cooperation. Ingroup favoritism additionally influences punishment of unfairness in the 2-party ultimatum game, in which people are directly affected by unfair behavior. However, the directionality of this relationship is unclear: In some cases, people are more forgiving of ingroup unfairness, whereas in others they are less forgiving. Here we aim to disambiguate this relationship by studying its origins in development, asking whether ingroup favoritism influences children's offers to others and whether it affects their responses to being treated unfairly. Six- to 10-year-olds played a group-based ultimatum game after being assigned to minimal groups and made proposals to-and responded to offers from-members of their in- and outgroups. We tested children's real bargaining behavior in the absence of deception. Results showed that, regardless of group membership, children's primary concern lay with fairness: Participants regularly offered equal splits and were more likely to reject unfair offers than fair offers. Consistent with past work, older children made more generous proposals than did younger children. Although our group manipulation successfully induced ingroup bias in participants, neither children's proposals nor responses were influenced by group membership. This suggests that second-party punishment of fairness norm violations is unbiased early in development and points to the potentially important role of experience with different groups in shaping later emerging bias in norm enforcement. We discuss implications for theories regarding when and to what extent group bias influences cooperation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Ombuds’ corner: the third party, the institution

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    “The Ombuds shall provide confidential assistance for the informal resolution of interpersonal issues, in the interests of the good functioning of CERN.”*   In any institution, conflicts are inevitable. They can, however, offer an opportunity for a positive resolution. Relationships in a workplace are generally better and stronger between people who have been able to reach a positive resolution of their disagreement, than they are between people who get along moderately well. However, in disputes involving two antagonistic parties, people often forget that there is actually a third party behind the scenes: the institution. It is sometimes surprising to see that even people holding management responsibilities or hierarchical positions in projects fight each other, and completely forget that they are accountable for the good functioning of CERN. Commitment and professionalism are part of the five priority values of CERN, as expressed in its Code of Conduct: “Promot...

  10. Multi-Party Pseudo-Telepathy

    CERN Document Server

    Brassard, G; Tapp, A; Brassard, Gilles; Broadbent, Anne; Tapp, Alain

    2003-01-01

    Quantum entanglement, perhaps the most non-classical manifestation of quantum information theory, cannot be used to transmit information between remote parties. Yet, it can be used to reduce the amount of communication required to process a variety of distributed computational tasks. We speak of pseudo-telepathy when quantum entanglement serves to eliminate the classical need to communicate. In earlier examples of pseudo-telepathy, classical protocols could succeed with high probability unless the inputs were very large. Here we present a simple multi-party distributed problem for which the inputs and outputs consist of a single bit per player, and we present a perfect quantum protocol for it. We prove that no classical protocol can succeed with a probability that differs from 1/2 by more than a fraction that is exponentially small in the number of players. This could be used to circumvent the detection loophole in experimental tests of nonlocality.

  11. REFLECTIONS ON WAGAR ' S WORLD PARTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Bergesen

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Our task is to reflect upon Wagar's idea of a world party. In case such reflections are affected by the recent historical situation of the collapse of communism/existing socialism in 1989 and the implications this has for visions of progressive politics going into the 21st century. This event colors most political thinking, although for many the response has been that existing socialism was not real socialism, or that existing socialism was but the Stalinist deformation that, if avoided in the future, the 1917 project could again be resumed and human history and social relations remade anew. I don't see it that way. What existing socialism stood for in terms of the role of a vanguard party taking state power for the larger good is, now after the fall, I think off the board as a realistic program that can be sold to anyone.

  12. Company Leaders To Inspect Service Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>Wu Nianzu, Party secretary, chairman and president of the Shanghai Airport Group Company, inspected the service work at Pudong Airport on August 28.A forum on service work was held with more than 90 persons attending, including Cao Huifang, general manager of the Shanghai Airport Co Ltd, and Zhu Jiyu, Party secretary of the company.

  13. General polygamy inequality of multi-party quantum entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Jeong San

    2012-01-01

    Using entanglement of assistance, we establish a general polygamy inequality of multi-party entanglement in arbitrary dimensional quantum systems. For multi-party closed quantum systems, we relate our result with the monogamy of entanglement to show that the entropy of entanglement is an universal entanglement measure that bounds both monogamy and polygamy of multi-party quantum entanglement.

  14. 39 CFR 955.20 - Unexcused absence of a party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unexcused absence of a party. 955.20 Section 955.20 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE BEFORE THE POSTAL SERVICE BOARD OF CONTRACT APPEALS § 955.20 Unexcused absence of a party. The unexcused absence of a party at the...

  15. 41 CFR 102-78.30 - Who are consulting parties?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who are consulting... Preservation § 102-78.30 Who are consulting parties? As more particularly described in 36 CFR 800.2(c), consulting parties are those parties having consultative roles in the Section 106 process (i.e., Section 106...

  16. 48 CFR 552.270-3 - Parties To Execute Lease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties To Execute Lease... Parties To Execute Lease. As prescribed in 570.602, insert the following provision: Parties To Execute Lease (SEP 1999) (a) If the lease is executed by an attorney, agent, or trustee on behalf of the...

  17. The proscription of parties and the problem with 'militant democracy'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    2012-01-01

    In 2003, Spain banned the political party Herri Batasuna and its successors Euskal Herritarrok and Batasuna for integration in the Basque separatist terrorist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna. Since then, eleven other parties or electoral groupings deemed successors to the illegal parties have also been...

  18. A Practical Guide to Preventing and Dispersing Underage Drinking Parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This guide describes the role of enforcement and community organizations or groups in preventing underage drinking parties and how to safely disperse them. It describes the problem of underage drinking, in general, and youth-drinking parties in particular. It provides step-by-step information on how to address underage drinking parties and how to…

  19. The Dark Side of Altruistic Third-Party Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibbrandt, Andreas; Lopez-Perez, Raul

    2011-01-01

    This article experimentally studies punishment from unaffected third parties in ten different games. The authors show that third-party punishment exhibits several features that are arguably undesirable. First, third parties punish strongly a decider if she chooses a socially efficient or a Pareto efficient allocation and becomes the richest party…

  20. Social Networks and Political Parties in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adler Lomnitz, Larissa

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the origin and evolution of two Chilean political parties (the Radical Party and the Christian Democrat Party through the analysis of the social networks that originated and composed them. The aim of this study is to propose a model of national political cultures on the basis of the structure of social networks related to power and of the symbol system, which legitimizes it. The structure of social networks, horizontal and vertical, are based on reciprocal or redistributive forms of exchange, on what is being exchanged and on the articulation between networks. In every society there are symmetrical and asymmetrical exchanges, which produce horizontal and vertical networks. These networks interact among themselves to form the social fabric. The dominance of some over others and how they combine, delineate the character of the political culture (authoritarian vs. egalitarian. Chile is a multiparty country within which there are cohorts of horizontal groups of friends, who informally exercise a central control over their members and create invisible boundaries setting them apart from others, in which leadership is under constrains. The result is both a strong presidential system based on an almost fanatic legitimacy, combined with factionalism and a strong parliamentary system.

  1. The Design of College Grassroots Party Organization System Construction%关于高校基层党组织制度构建的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张美萍; 薛周利

    2012-01-01

    学院基层党组织是学院的政治核心,加强学院一级基层党组织制度建设是高校党组织制度建设的重要环节。本文提出了以学院党委政治保障制度与监督制度、党员进出制度、组织生活与党员教育制度、党组织建设与管理制度、党员和党组织考评制度等五大制度体系为主要内容的高校基层党组织制度构建的设计思路。%University School of grassroots organizations is the political core.Institute a system to strengthen grass-roots party building is the university an important part of the construction of party system.In this paper,the College party political security system and monitoring system,party members out of the system,organizational life and the education system of party members,party building and management system,evaluation system,party members and party organizations such as the five institutional system as the main content of the College Party System building design ideas.

  2. Inter-party agenda-setting in the Belgian parliament: the role of party characteristics and competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vliegenthart, R.; Walgrave, S.; Meppelink, C.

    2011-01-01

    In this article we explore the inter-party agenda-setting dynamics in the Belgian parliament during the period 1993-2000 and investigate whether and when parties respond to the attention paid to issues by other parties in parliament. We rely on an elaborate coding of parliamentary questions and inte

  3. Inter-party agenda-setting in the Belgian parliament: the role of party characteristics and competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Vliegenthart; S. Walgrave; C. Meppelink

    2010-01-01

    In this article we explore the inter-party agenda-setting dynamics in the Belgian parliament during the period 1993-2000 and investigate whether and when parties respond to the attention paid to issues by other parties in parliament. We rely on an elaborate coding of parliamentary questions and inte

  4. Quantum And Relativistic Protocols For Secure Multi-Party Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Colbeck, Roger

    2009-01-01

    After a general introduction, the thesis is divided into four parts. In the first, we discuss the task of coin tossing, principally in order to highlight the effect different physical theories have on security in a straightforward manner, but, also, to introduce a new protocol for non-relativistic strong coin tossing. This protocol matches the security of the best protocol known to date while using a conceptually different approach to achieve the task. In the second part variable bias coin tossing is introduced. This is a variant of coin tossing in which one party secretly chooses one of two biased coins to toss. It is shown that this can be achieved with unconditional security for a specified range of biases, and with cheat-evident security for any bias. We also discuss two further protocols which are conjectured to be unconditionally secure for any bias. The third section looks at other two-party secure computations for which, prior to our work, protocols and no-go theorems were unknown. We introduce a gene...

  5. Keys to effective third-party process safety audits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkmire, John C; Lay, James R; McMahon, Mona C

    2007-04-11

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Process Safety Management (PSM) regulation was promulgated in 1992. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) corresponding Risk Management Program (RMP) rule followed in 1996. Both programs include requirements for triennial compliance audits. Effective compliance audits are critical in identifying program weaknesses and ensuring the safety of facility personnel and the surrounding public. Large companies with corporate and facility health, safety, and environmental groups typically have the resources and experience to conduct audits internally, either through a corporate audit team or the sharing of personnel between multiple facilities. Small to medium sized businesses frequently do not have the expertise or the resources to perform compliance audits, and rely on third-party consultants to provide these services. This paper will discuss the observations of the authors in performing audits and working with PSM/RMP programs across a number of market sectors (e.g. chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage, water treatment), including effective practices, hurdles to successful implementation and execution of programs, and typical program shortcomings. The paper will also discuss steps to improve the audit process and increase effectiveness whether performed by a third party or internally.

  6. School Leadership and Citizenship Education: The Experiences and Struggles of School Party Secretaries in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Shuqin; Law, Wing-Wah

    2015-01-01

    Many scholarly works have examined school leadership, and many others have studied models for teaching citizenship education. Research combining both school leadership and citizenship education, however, is rare. The leadership of China's school party secretaries (SPSs), who are the equivalent of school principals in the Chinese school system and…

  7. Librarians and Party Girls: Cultural Studies and the Meaning of the Librarian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, Marie L.; Radford, Gary P.

    2003-01-01

    Responds to Wayne Wiegand's article that criticizes library and information science by suggesting a cultural studies approach to the field. Applies the work of Stuart Hall to a media stereotype of the female librarian based on the film "Party Girl" to allow new interpretations of media images of the profession. (Author/LRW)

  8. Cleavages, ideology and party choice: a cross-national and longitudinal analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nezi, Roula; Gemenis, Konstantinos

    2012-01-01

    Ever since the classic work by Lipset & Rokkan (1967) socio-structural characteristics have been routinely considered as predictors of party choice. More recently, however, research has shown that the predictive power of social cleavages, as captured by socio-structural variables, is declining

  9. Monitoring of Working Conditions and the Nature of Their Influence on Health of Students and Academic Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinichenko, Mikhail V.; Kirillov, Andrey V.; Frolova, Elena V.; Kaurova, Olga V.; Makushkin, Sergey A.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the research is conditioned by the need to win the competition struggle by certain organizations and area in general. Education has recently become very popular for the training of highly professional staff. However, achieving this goal is possible by means of creation of favorable working and learning conditions, maintaining…

  10. [Primary headache and work: concepts of pathophysiology, occupational risk factors, health monitoring and criteria for judging causation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taino, Giuseppe; Pucci, Ennio; Imbriani, Paola; Delogu, Alberto; Brevi, Marco; Bruscella, Sara; Imbriani, Marcello

    2014-01-01

    Primary headaches account for 90% of all the forms of headache. The disease is characterized by high occurrence in the working-age population and by significant impact in countries with high economic and social development. These two epidemiological aspects carry significant economic costs that can be estimated calculating loss of working days due to illness and appreciable loss of labour productivity. In an occupational setting several circumstances are known to cause the onset of attacks in workers who already suffer from primary headache. In this sense, the following factors have an important role: interruption of the circadian sleep-wake rhythm, sleep deprivation, physical/mental distress, not ergonomic postures (mainly those involving the cervical-brachial district), prolonged use of display screen, acoustic discomfort. Among chemicals, in the current conditions of exposure, the olfactory characteristics seem of primary importance rather than the more "conventional" mechanism of toxicity. The main aim of this study is to provide useful information to occupational physicians on the management of workers suffering from primary headache, with regard either to the formulation of the judgement of suitability, or to their auxiliary role in the planning and organization of work. A second aim involves the identification of specific preventive measures in order to reduce the probability of occurrence of a headache attack. This also minimizes the risk of accidents and injuries and ensures workers' efficiency. After these considerations, we suggest guidelines for a flow chart (aimed to understand worker's suitability for his/her specific task). This guarantees not only safety and health of workers who suffer from the illness, but also safeguards any third worker from a possible consequence due to less working capacity and reduction of attention of employees working with a headache attack. In conclusion we also identify three critical factors: the diagnosis of the form of

  11. The impact of salience and visual working memory on the monitoring and control of saccadic behavior: An eye-tracking and EEG study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Matthew D; Hickey, Clayton; van Zoest, Wieske

    2017-01-10

    In a concurrent eye-tracking and EEG study, we investigated the impact of salience on the monitoring and control of eye movement behavior and the role of visual working memory (VWM) capacity in mediating this effect. Participants made eye movements to a unique line-segment target embedded in a search display also containing a unique distractor. Target and distractor salience was manipulated by varying degree of orientation offset from a homogenous background. VWM capacity was measured using a change-detection task. Results showed greater likelihood of incorrect saccades when the distractor was relatively more salient than when the target was salient. Misdirected saccades to salient distractors were strongly represented in the error-monitoring system by rapid and robust error-related negativity (ERN), which predicted a significant adjustment of oculomotor behavior. Misdirected saccades to less-salient distractors, while arguably representing larger errors, were not as well detected or utilized by the error/performance-monitoring system. This system was instead better engaged in tasks requiring greater cognitive control and by individuals with higher VWM capacity. Our findings show that relative salience of task-relevant and task-irrelevant stimuli can define situations where an increase in cognitive control is necessary, with individual differences in VWM capacity explaining significant variance in the degree of monitoring and control of goal-directed eye movement behavior. The present study supports a conflict-monitoring interpretation of the ERN, whereby the level of competition between different responses, and the stimuli that define these responses, was more important in the generation of an enhanced ERN than the error commission itself.

  12. The lives of others: Third parties' responses to others' injustice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Jane; Aquino, Karl; Skarlicki, Daniel

    2016-02-01

    This research takes a moral perspective to studying third parties' reactions to injustice as a function of their moral identity. Drawing from theories of deontic justice, moral intuition, moral heuristics, and moral identity, we develop and test a model of the moral underpinnings of third parties' reactions to injustice. First, we compare third parties' responses with interpersonal, distributive, and procedural justice violations. We hypothesize that third parties are more likely to intuit that interpersonal justice violations are morally wrong, compared with distributive and procedural justice violations. As a result, third parties are more likely to experience stronger moral anger and punish violators in response to interpersonal transgressions compared with distributive and procedural justice transgressions. Second, we test the proposition that third parties with a strong moral identity will react more strongly to justice violations than third parties with a comparatively weak moral identity. Results from 3 studies support these predictions. (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Political Market Orientation and Strategic Party Postures in Danish Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.; Henneberg, Stephan

    2011-01-01

    in the political sphere. More specifically it empirically links political market orientation as an issue of political marketing implementation on the one hand, and strategic postures of parties as a strategic issue on the other, following a configuration theory logic. Research limitations......Purpose – This paper investigates the relationship between the strategic postures and political market orientation profile of two Danish parties. Profile stability at the organisational level is used as a control variable. Design/methodology/approach – The strategic political postures of two Danish...... Ideologist. Thus, Party A exhibits a mismatch between strategic orientation and implemented organisational profile, based on configuration theory. The results were generally stable across political activity levels. Originality/value – The study contributes to understanding the concept of market orientation...

  14. An Empirical Investigation into the Matching Problems among Game Theoretically Coordinating Parties in a Virtual Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Yasir

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Virtual organization emerged as a highly flexible structure in response to the rapidly changing environment of 20th century. This organization consists of independently working parties that combine their best possible resources to exploit the emerging market opportunities. There are no formal control and coordination mechanisms employed by the classical hierarchical structures. Parties, therefore, manage their dependencies on each other through mutual understanding and trust.Mathematician John Nash, having significant contributions in Game Theory suggests that in every non-cooperative game there is at least one equilibrium point. At this point, according to him, every strategy of the player represents a response to the others’ strategies. Such equilibria could exist in a virtual organization, at which parties coordinate which each other to optimize their performance.Coordination/Matching problems are likely to arise among game theoretically coordinating parties in a virtual organization, mainly due to lack of binding agreements. By identifying and resolving these matching problems, virtual organizations could achieve efficiency and better coordination among parties.  

  15. Limitations and Implications of Product-, Sales- and Market-Oriented Political Parties: Evidence for Public Affairs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides the first literature review of work using Lees-Marshment’s product-oriented party (POP), salesoriented party (SOP) and market-oriented party (MOP) process models with the aims of assessing the models’ usefulness to academics, practitioners and educators. This is motivated...... process in contrast to the POP and/or SOP processes. We conclude that academics need to revisit the conceptualisation of the process models, that practitioners need to be aware of the strengths and weaknesses of the process models, especially the assertion that the MOP process is normatively ‘superior......’ to the SOP and POP process models, and that educators can use the process models to introduce political marketing before moving on to more comprehensive models....

  16. Social Media and Political Communication. Case Study – The Parliamentary Parties In Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tănase Tasenţe

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to examine the extent to which parliamentary parties from Romania are using Social Media to promote their image and political messages, but also the level of participation of supporters in social networks. More than that, another objective of this paper aims to identify similarities between the hypothetical percentages of supporters of political parties in Social Media, electoral percentages of accessing the Romanian Parliament and the current political configuration of the Romanian Parliament. The research focused on comparative analysis of the “de facto” representation of the parliamentary parties in the romanian community and the degree of representation in social networks. The Research method used is quantitative analysis of the online documents and working tool used is the traffic analysis and the degree of the participation in social networks.

  17. Device-independence for two-party cryptography and position verification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Jeremy; Thinh, Le Phuc; Kaniewski, Jedrzej;

    Quantum communication has demonstrated its usefulness for quantum cryptography far beyond quantum key distribution. One domain is two-party cryptography, whose goal is to allow two parties who may not trust each other to solve joint tasks. Another interesting application is position......-based cryptography whose goal is to use the geographical location of an entity as its only identifying credential. Unfortunately, security of these protocols is not possible against an all powerful adversary. However, if we impose some realistic physical constraints on the adversary, there exist protocols for which...... security can be proven, but these so far relied on the knowledge of the quantum operations performed during the protocols. In this work we give device-independent security proofs of two-party cryptography and Position Verification for memoryless devices under different physical constraints on the adversary...

  18. Prescribing Democracy? Party Proscription and Party System Stability in Turkey, Germany and Spain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela; Casals Bertoa, Fernando

    2017-01-01

    of survey data when available, we find that the banning of a relevant political party not only increases volatility and reduces fragmentation, but also alter the existing structure of competition at the time of government formation. Likewise, our empirical analysis also suggests a number of alternative......, parliamentary and governmental. In particular, we examine the impact of party proscription on electoral volatility, fragmentation and closure in three different countries: Turkey, Germany and Spain. Using examples both at national and regional (e.g. Basque Country, Navarre, Saxony) level, and making use...

  19. So Close But So Far: Voting Propensity and Party Choice for Left-�Wing Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bochsler, Daniel; Sciarini, Pascal

    2010-01-01

    While the bulk of the literature focuses on the vote for parties from different blocs, the purpose of our article is to study the vote for two parties that are ideologically very close to each other: The Social Democrats and the Greens in Switzerland. To that end, we develop a two-step model, where...... on the Left–Right scale. With regard to the second, choice stage of the electoral process we hypothesize about the factors that may account for the varying ability of the two par- ties to convert potential voters into real voters. Our empirical tests provide encourag- ing support for our hypotheses regarding...

  20. The {open_quotes}Command and Control{close_quotes} philosophy of the Communist party of China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kominiak, G.J.; Eisenberger, J.C.; Menaul, K.L. [and others

    1996-01-01

    China`s central political authorities have constructed a system which is designed to enable them to exert their personal influence and control over each level of every organization in the country -- both civil and military. The Communist Party of China (CPC) is represented at all levels of each and every organization, including the People`s Liberation Army (PLA). These Party entities are intended to both provide oversight and to ensure that Party policies, directives and orders are obeyed. This penchant for political control, which may have its roots in China`s imperial past, appears to have been reinforced by the early developmental path chosen by the Party`s leadership. Current attempts aimed at maintaining political control of its resources, especially the military, are embodied in the formal system of {open_quotes}Political Work.{close_quotes} In the PLA, this system of political control results in the involvement of political organs in day-to-day military matters to an extent unheard of in the West. Further work is needed in order to understand, more fully, both the system of {open_quotes}Political Work{close_quotes} and its contributions to the overall military (and civil) command and control philosophic of the Communist Party of China.

  1. Detection and classification of alarm threshold violations in condition monitoring systems working in highly varying operational conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strączkiewicz, M.; Barszcz, T.; Jabłoński, A.

    2015-07-01

    All commonly used condition monitoring systems (CMS) enable defining alarm thresholds that enhance efficient surveillance and maintenance of dynamic state of machinery. The thresholds are imposed on the measured values such as vibration-based indicators, temperature, pressure, etc. For complex machinery such as wind turbine (WT) the total number of thresholds might be counted in hundreds multiplied by the number of operational states. All the parameters vary not only due to possible machinery malfunctions, but also due to changes in operating conditions and these changes are typically much stronger than the former ones. Very often, such a behavior may lead to hundreds of false alarms. Therefore, authors propose a novel approach based on parameterized description of the threshold violation. For this purpose the novelty and severity factors are introduced. The first parameter refers to the time of violation occurrence while the second one describes the impact of the indicator-increase to the entire machine. Such approach increases reliability of the CMS by providing the operator with the most useful information of the system events. The idea of the procedure is presented on a simulated data similar to those from a wind turbine.

  2. The Feminist Consciousness in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Song-zhi

    2016-01-01

    Feminist movement reaches its climax in the first two decades of the 20th century. There are many female novelists in that time and Mansfield is one of them. Most of her novels are full of feminist consciousness, and The Garden Party is a special one. The characters in the story are different from other story. The author describes how the society and its spokesman Mrs. Sher-idan restrain the nature of Laura in detail. The author uses Laura to hint the current situation of women.

  3. Efficient secure two-party protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Hazay, Carmit

    2010-01-01

    The authors present a comprehensive study of efficient protocols and techniques for secure two-party computation -- both general constructions that can be used to securely compute any functionality, and protocols for specific problems of interest. The book focuses on techniques for constructing efficient protocols and proving them secure. In addition, the authors study different definitional paradigms and compare the efficiency of protocols achieved under these different definitions.The book opens with a general introduction to secure computation and then presents definitions of security for a

  4. Monitoring a CuO gas sensor at work: an advanced in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volanti, D P; Felix, A A; Suman, P H; Longo, E; Varela, J A; Orlandi, M O

    2015-07-28

    X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and electrical measurements were used to elucidate the local structure and electronic changes of copper(II) oxide (CuO) nanostructures under working conditions. For this purpose, a sample holder layout was developed enabling the simultaneous analysis of the spectroscopic and electrical properties of the sensor material under identical operating conditions. The influence of different carrier gases (e.g., air and N2) on the CuO nanostructures behavior under reducing conditions (H2 gas) was studied to analyze how a particular gas atmosphere can modify the oxidation state of the sensor material in real time.

  5. Monitoring and Prevention First Pressure of Working Face with Hard Roof%坚硬顶板工作面初次来压监测与防治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宏旺

    2016-01-01

    The first pressure step of the working face with hard roof is analyzed in theory by using the key strata theory, the mine pressure control measures are put forward, and the monitoring and prediction in time are carried on by the hydraulic support online monitoring. The study shows that the first pressure step of the 8939 working face is forecasted 62 m~93 m, the pressure signs are shows when the stress monitoring of the hydraulic support reaches 32.9 MPa, the working face has the first pressure when the stress reaches 41.8 MPa, the actual pressure step is about 107 m, the actual and the theoretical value are closer. To reduce pressure strength, the measures of blasting to cave and drilling to relief pressure are put forward, the pressure of the 8939 working face is gotten effective relief, the safety of mining working face is ensured.%采用关键层理论对坚硬顶板工作面初次来压步距进行了理论分析,提出了矿压防治措施,并通过液压支架在线监测进行及时监测预报。研究表明,预测8939工作面初次来压步距为62 m~93 m,液压支架应力监测达到32.9 MPa时有来压迹象,应力达到41.8 MPa时工作面初次来压,实际来压步距约107m,与理论值较为相近。为减缓矿压显现强度,提出了爆破放顶和钻孔卸压措施,使8939工作面矿压显现得到有效的缓解,保证了工作面的安全回采。

  6. Party Secretaries in Chinese Higher Education Institutions: What Roles Do They Play?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Hua; Li, Xiaobin

    2016-01-01

    The Chinese political party in power is the Communist Party. In higher education institutions the Party secretary is a ubiquitous presence. The purpose of this study was to answer the question, "What roles do Party secretaries play?" The Party committee headed by the Party secretary in an institution is supposed to lead the institution.…

  7. From the Two-Party to the Dominant-Party System in Mozambique, 1994-2012: Framing Frelimo Party Dominance in Context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.A. Nuvunga

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ This thesis examines the abrupt end of Mozambique’s vibrant two-party system, which, by the middle of the past decade, had developed into a dominant- party system, instead of institutionalizing, as was the case in other African third wave democracies. While, from the se

  8. Intensive sex partying amongst gay men in Sydney.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, Michael; Prestage, Garrett

    2009-08-01

    Intensive sex partying is a framework developed to analyse specific frequent behaviours amongst a small minority of gay men in Sydney, Australia. The behaviours included a higher frequency of dance party attendance, more frequent sex, more anal sex, multiple sex partners, more unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners and more frequent drug taking. These occur at a contextual intersection between a sub-group of sexually adventurous gay men and 'party boys'. The men appear to be involved in both high-risk, adventurous sex practices and a specific form of partying distinguishable from dance partying and 'clubbing'. Sex partying occurs on multiple sites (domestic spaces; within dance parties; sex parties; sex-on-premises venues) and appears to be geared to the maximisation of sexual pleasure. Intensive sex partying describes this coincidence of factors and locates them in relation to the multiple pleasures offered by sex partying. It emphasises the importance of 'intensity' in order to understand better the relations between sex, drug use, pleasure, care and risk in some gay men's lives.

  9. RCRA and operational monitoring (ROM): Multi-year program plan and fiscal year 96 work plan. WBS 1.5.3, Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The RCRA & Operational Monitoring (ROM) Program Office manages the Hanford Site direct funded Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and Operational Monitoring under Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) 1.01.05.03. The ROM Program Office is included in Hanford Technical Services, a part of Projects & Site Services of Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC). The 1996 Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP) includes the Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP). The Multi-Year Program Plan takes its direction from the Westinghouse Planning Baseline Integration Organization. The MYPP provides both the near term, enhanced details and the long term, projected details for the Program Office to use as baseline Cost, Scope and Schedule. Change Control administered during the fiscal year is against the baseline provided by near term details of this document. The MYPP process has been developed by WHC to meet its internal planning and integration needs and complies with the requirements of the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) Long Range Planning Process Directive (RLID 5000.2). Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) has developed the multi-year planning process for programs to establish the technical, schedule and cost baselines for program and support activities under WHC`s scope of responsibility. The baseline information is developed by both WHC indirect funded support services organization, and direct funded programs in WHC. WHC Planning and Integration utilizes the information presented in the program specific MYPP and the Program Master Baseline Schedule (PMBS) to develop the Site-Wide Integrated Schedule.

  10. Importance of liver biopsy findings in immunosuppression management: biopsy monitoring and working criteria for patients with operational tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    Obstacles to morbidity-free long-term survival after liver transplantation (LT) include complications of immunosuppression (IS), recurrence of the original disease and malignancies, and unexplained chronic hepatitis and graft fibrosis. Many programs attempt to minimize chronic exposure to IS by reducing dosages and stopping steroids. A few programs have successfully weaned a highly select group of recipients from all IS without apparent adverse consequences, but long-term follow-up is limited. Patients subjected to adjustments in IS are usually followed by serial liver chemistry tests, which are relatively insensitive methods for detecting allograft damage. Protocol biopsy has largely been abandoned for hepatitis C virus-negative recipients, at least in part because of the inability to integrate routine histopathological findings into a rational clinical management algorithm. Recognizing a need to more precisely categorize and determine the clinical significance of findings in long-term biopsy samples, the Banff Working Group on Liver Allograft Pathology has reviewed the literature, pooled the experience of its members, and proposed working definitions for biopsy changes that (1) are conducive to lowering IS and are compatible with operational tolerance (OT) and (2) raise concern for closer follow-up and perhaps increased IS during or after IS weaning. The establishment of guidelines should help us to standardize analyses of the effects of various treatments and/or weaning protocols and more rigorously categorize patients who are assumed to show OT. Long-term follow-up using standardized criteria will help us to determine the consequences of lowering IS and to define and determine the incidence and robustness of OT in liver allografts.

  11. LES PARTIES DU CONTRAT DE CONCESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavian OLARU

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The essential feature of the administrative contract, which is part of the concession contract, differentiates from the civil contract with at least one of the topics of administrative contract that is a physical person of public law. Thus, if the subject of civil contract can be any physical or juridical person that has full the capacity to exercise, then, in the case of the administrative contract, at least one subject must have the special “quality”, namely to be a public authority or a moral person of public law. If one of the contracting parties is a public figure and the other is a person of private law, the contract may be administrative. “This condition is necessary, but not sufficient”. By the definition given to concession in article 1 line 1 of the Law on concessions, the legislator determines not only the name of the contracting parties, which formed the juridical report (the conceded, the concessionaire but also the subject concession contract, which makes it different from other administrative contracts. Moreover, in the article 4 of the cited law, it is determined the scope of the public authorities, juridical persons of public law that may have the quality of conceded, while article 5 provides the scope of persons who may have the quality of concessionaire.

  12. Clivages partisans et partis politiques en Libye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moncef Djaziri

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La société libyenne traverse une période de grands changements socio-économiques qui annoncent à moyen terme d’importants changements politiques. Le bon déroulement de la transition à laquelle la Libye devra faire face, dépend en partie du rôle que pourront y jouer les partis politiques. Cet article est consacré à l’analyse des clivages politiques et partisans en Libye. Après un bref aperçu théorique et un rappel des premières expériences partisanes pendant la période coloniale et au cours des premières années qui ont suivi le prise du pouvoir par Kadhafi, ce texte porte tout particulièrement sur la structuration des oppositions politiques contempo­raines avec leurs ressemblances et différences. Enfin, et s’agissant de la transition, l’hypothèse d’une dynastisation du pouvoir en Libye, évoquée à la fin de l’article, paraît pertinente eu égard à plusieurs facteurs. Une telle transition impliquera la prise en compte des clivages existants et devra s’appuyer sur les organisations partisanes dans ce pays.

  13. Picturing the Party: Instagram and Party Campaigning in the 2014 Swedish Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirill Filimonov

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores Swedish parties’ activities on Instagram during the 2014 elections. Understanding party campaign communication as highly strategic, that is, communication to persuade and mobilize voters in order to win the elections, we ask whether Instagram was used to (1 broadcast campaign messages, (2 mobilize supporters, (3 manage the party’s image, and (4 amplify and complement other campaign material (i.e., hybrid campaign use. With this study, we follow previous studies on the use of digital communication platforms in the hands of campaigning political actors, but we direct our attention to a new platform. We conducted a content analysis of 220 party postings on Instagram, collected during the hot phase of the campaign. The result shows that the platform was mainly used for broadcasting rather than for mobilization. The image the parties were presenting leaned toward personalization with a strong presence of top candidates in their postings. Top candidates were primarily displayed in a political/professional context. Finally, half of the analyzed postings showed signs of hybridized campaign practices. The presented findings give a first glimpse on how political parties use and perform on Instagram.

  14. Party politics as usual? The role of political parties in EU legislative decision-making

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindberg, Bjorn; Rasmussen, Anne; Warntjen, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Scholars have raised doubts about the ability of political parties to fulfil their traditional role as 'transmission belts' between citizens and legislators in the EU. We discuss how the different institutional environment of the EU affects the assumptions and predictions of theories of political pa

  15. Police Enforcement Policy and Programmes on European Roads (PEPPER). Workpackage WP4 `Good Practices in Traffic Enforcement', Working paper 24: Good practice in data and data collection for monitoring and evaluating traffic law enforcement.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schagen, I.N.L.G. van Bernhoft, I.M. Erke, A. Ewert, U. Kallberg, V.-P. & Skladana, P.

    2007-01-01

    This working paper describes the good practice requirements regarding data and data collection for monitoring and evaluating Traffic Law Enforcement (TLE). The aim is at, eventually, individual police forces/countries put the identified ’good practice’ data into a European TLE monitoring database wh

  16. Measuring disability and monitoring the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: the work of the Washington Group on Disability Statistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madans, Jennifer H; Loeb, Mitchell E; Altman, Barbara M

    2011-05-31

    The Washington Group on Disability Statistics is a voluntary working group made up of representatives of over 100 National Statistical Offices and international, non-governmental and disability organizations that was organized under the aegis of the United Nations Statistical Division. The purpose of the Washington Group is to deal with the challenge of disability definition and measurement in a way that is culturally neutral and reasonably standardized among the UN member states. The work, which began in 2001, took on added importance with the passage and ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities since the Convention includes a provision for monitoring whether those with and without disabilities have equal opportunities to participate in society and this will require the identification of persons with disabilities in each nation. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) developed by the World Health Organization provided a framework for conceptualizing disability. Operationalizing an ICF-based approach to disability has required the development of new measurement tools for use in both censuses and surveys. To date, a short set of six disability-related questions suitable for use in national censuses has been developed and adopted by the Washington Group and incorporated by the United Nations in their Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses. A series of extended sets of questions is currently under development and some of the sets have been tested in several countries. The assistance of many National and International organizations has allowed for cognitive and field testing of the disability questionnaires in multiple languages and locations. This paper will describe the work of the Washington Group and explicate the applicability of its approach and the questions developed for monitoring the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

  17. Quantum Clock Synchronization a Multi-Party Protocol

    CERN Document Server

    Krco, M; Krco, Marko; Paul, Prabasaj

    2001-01-01

    We present a multi-party quantum clock synchronization protocol that utilizes shared prior entanglement and broadcast of classical information to synchronize spatially separated clocks. Notably, it is necessary only for any one party to publish classical information. Consequently, the efficacy of the method is independent of the relative location of the parties. The suggested protocol is robust and does not require precise sequencing of procedural steps.

  18. Misconduct in third-party assisted reproduction: a committee opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Physicians who are told or discover information that would be material to another party's participation in an assisted reproductive technology (ART) arrangement (such as lawyer's, donor's, gestational carrier's, or intended parent's) should encourage disclosure to that party. In some instances, it is ethically and legally permissive for the physician to either disclose material information to an affected party or to transfer care of a patient to another willing provider. In all cases involving the legal status or rights of the parties, referral to legal professionals is advised.

  19. Server-Aided Two-Party Computation with Simultaneous Corruption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cascudo Pueyo, Ignacio; Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Ranellucci, Samuel

    We consider secure two-party computation in the client-server model where there are two adversaries that operate separately but simultaneously, each of them corrupting one of the parties and a restricted subset of servers that they interact with. We model security via the local universal composab......We consider secure two-party computation in the client-server model where there are two adversaries that operate separately but simultaneously, each of them corrupting one of the parties and a restricted subset of servers that they interact with. We model security via the local universal...

  20. SITE COMPREHENSIVE LISTING (CERCLIS) (Superfund) - Responsible Parties at CERCLIS Sites

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Responsible Parties at CERCLIS Sites - The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System (CERCLIS) (Superfund) Public Access...

  1. Social host policies and underage drinking parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagoner, Kimberly G; Sparks, Michael; Francisco, Vincent T; Wyrick, David; Nichols, Tracy; Wolfson, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Social host policies focused on underage drinking parties are implemented to reduce social availability of alcohol and high-risk drinking by adolescents in private locations. We examined the policies' relationship with drinking location, peer-group drinking size, heavy episodic drinking, and nonviolent consequences. Cross-sectional data from 11,205, 14-20-year olds, were analyzed using multilevel modeling. Policies were not associated with drinking location, decreased heavy episodic drinking, or nonviolent consequences. However, adolescents from communities with a preexisting policy had lower odds of drinking in large peer groups compared to those from communities without a policy at baseline. Additional research is needed to examine their effectiveness. The study's limitations are noted.

  2. Floods in 2002 and 2013: comparing flood warnings and emergency measures from the perspective of affected parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreibich, Heidi; Pech, Ina; Schröter, Kai; Müller, Meike; Thieken, Annegret

    2016-04-01

    Early warning is essential for protecting people and mitigating damage in case of flood events. However, early warning is only helpful if the flood-endangered parties are reached by the warning and if they know how to react effectively. Finding suitable methods for communicating helpful warnings to the "last mile" remains a challenge, but not much information is available. Surveys were undertaken after the August 2002 and the June 2013 floods in Germany, asking affected private households and companies about warnings they received and emergency measures they undertook. Results show, that in 2002 early warning did not work well: in too many areas warnings came too late or were too imprecise and many people (27%) and companies (45%) did not receive a flood warning. Afterwards, the warning systems were significantly improved, so that in 2013 only a small share of the affected people (7%) and companies (7 %) was not reached by any warning. Additionally, private households and companies were hardly aware of the flood risk in the Elbe catchment before 2002, mainly due to a lack of flood experience. For instance, in 2002 only 14% of private households clearly knew how to protect themselves and their assets when the warning reached them, in 2013 this fraction was 46 %. Although the share of companies which had an emergency plan in place had increased from 10 % in 2002 to 26 % in 2013, and the share of those conducting regular emergency exercises had increased from 4 % to 13 %, there is still plenty of room for improvement. Therefore, integrated early warning systems from monitoring through to the reaction of the affected parties as well as effective risk and emergency communication need continuous further improvement to protect people and mitigate residual risks in case of floods.

  3. Party-state relationship, an effect of the political competition. The party system and patronage in Romanian politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Lonean

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the party-state relationship in post-communist Romania. It shows the connections between the existence of patronage, corruption and the states’ weak administrative capacity, on one hand, and the dynamics of the political party system, as an explanatory variable, on the other hand. The instability of the political parties in Romania and their changing relations within the system make the electorates’ task of anticipating and sanctioning their politics impossible. Consequently, the political parties have the possibility of extracting resources from the state without being held accountable in elections, as an effect of their dynamic, but non-robust competition.

  4. Political cleavages in Romania. A theoretical overview of the post-communist parties and party systems

    OpenAIRE

    Olimid, Anca Parmena

    2009-01-01

    The following article examines the emergence of parties in post-communist Romania concluding that the theoretical basis of cleavages (the Lipset-Rokkanian model) is almost impossible to apply in this country. Accordingly, the historical evolution of the post-communist society and the strategic moves of political actors during democratization were often perceived as an „expected moments lacking any theoretical model”. Contrary to this assumption, I argue that even an incipient cleavage suggest...

  5. Political parties and Facebook: A study of Icelandic political parties and their social media usage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baldvin Þór Bergsson

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of social media in the national discourse is increasing but little is known about their true effects on political communication and participation. The paper examines how the Icelandic political parties used social media during the campaign for the 2013 general elections and possible influence of the electorate. Data from the Icelandic National Election Study was used to examine a possible link between political interest and participation. International studies are used as a reference since Icelandic studies on the subject are limited, and a theoretical overview of the nature and effect of social media is provided. The findings of this paper are that social media was primarily used as a one-way communication tool and that interaction between parties and the electorate was limited. Facebook is by far the most important social media due to its spread and easiness to send information to a large group. The study does not find evidence for the claim that voters had much effect on the campaign through social media nor that social media affected the election results. People with much interest in politics are more likely to use the internet to receive information from the parties.

  6. 12 CFR 269a.2 - Party in interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... employees of a bank or that is or was recently a party to a collective bargaining agreement with a bank... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Party in interest. 269a.2 Section 269a.2 Banks... employees, labor organization, or bank that will be or is directly affected by the resolution of any charge...

  7. Supreme matters: tea parties and the activism of restraint

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kurzbauer, H.

    2010-01-01

    An essay on the impact of Tea Parties on the appointment of Supreme Court Justices. According to recently released statistics, one-fifth of all US citizens are Tea Party Supporters: predominately white conservatives convinced of the 'evils' of the Obama administration. Taking their cue from the

  8. 29 CFR 552.109 - Third party employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Third party employment. 552.109 Section 552.109 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS APPLICATION OF THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT TO DOMESTIC SERVICE Interpretations § 552.109 Third party employment...

  9. Developing Product Lines with 3rd-party components

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jonge, M.

    2007-01-01

    The trends toward product line development and toward adopting more 3rd-party software are hard to combine. The reason is that productlines demand fine control over the software (e.g., for diversity management), while 3rd-party software (almost by definition) provides only little or no control. A

  10. The Communist Party of China and Human Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE XIAOWEN

    2011-01-01

    The Communist Party of China (CPC) has persistently fought for human rights since its founding in 1921.This is epitomized by the Party's success in promoting democracy,getting the Chinese nation to rally around it,uniting with religious believers and protecting human rights.

  11. Features of modern security policy UK political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Stalovierova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The security policy of the British coalition government of D. Cameron (2010-2015 is summarized; it’s been proved that political forces of Tory and Liberal Democrat should have compromised to carry out unanimous course in the scope of national security, and the problems of the security strategy on parliamentary elections in 2015 are analyzed, particularly the comparative analysis of the modern safety strategy of leading British parties is exercised. Under conditions of the appearance of new challenges and threats, transformation of international safety system, the questions of safety policy often become the object of attention of the British community and experts. The absence of cross-party consensus on most terms of safety strategy of the United Kingdom during the election campaign in 2015 makes the discussion about perspectives of the British safety policy still more urgent. During the election campaign there was no unity on any aspect of security subject between parties. First of all, Labourists, Liberal Democrats, Scottish National Party and Green Party made a statement about readiness to develop cooperation with the EU and the Conservatives and the UK Independence Party were on the side of the Eurosceptics. The opinions of the parties were also divided on military operations abroad, financing and force level. In terms of one-party government and presence of majority in the House of Commons, the Conservatives have opportunities to realize their own vision of British safety policy.

  12. The Effects of Third-Party Arbitration: A Field Experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joosten, H.W.M.; Bloemer, J.M.M.; Hillebrand, B.

    2016-01-01

    Governments, firms, and consumer agencies promote third-party arbitration to end consumer–firm disputes that arise from dissatisfying services and failed service recoveries in the hope that third-party arbitration will (1) resolve the dispute, (2) repair the relationship with the service provider, a

  13. The Impact of Having Children on Party Member Activism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    2014-01-01

    Party member activism varies in type and intensity, and it is necessary to take this into consideration when explaining the degree of participation. One potential explanation for the level of party member participation is the extent to which there are children in the household. Based on the Danis...

  14. 17 CFR 201.150 - Service of papers by parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Service of papers by parties... PRACTICE Rules of Practice General Rules § 201.150 Service of papers by parties. (a) When required. In every proceeding as defined in § 201.101(a), each paper, including each notice of appearance,...

  15. 12 CFR 308.516 - Rights of parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rights of parties. 308.516 Section 308.516 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.516 Rights of parties. Except as...

  16. 12 CFR 308.512 - Parties to the hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parties to the hearing. 308.512 Section 308.512 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.512 Parties to the hearing. (a...

  17. Complete Fairness in Secure Two-Party Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gordon, S. Dov; Hazay, Carmit; Katz, Jonathan

    2011-01-01

    In the setting of secure two-party computation, two mutually distrusting parties wish to compute some function of their inputs while preserving, to the extent possible, various security properties such as privacy, correctness, and more. One desirable property is fairness which guarantees, informa......In the setting of secure two-party computation, two mutually distrusting parties wish to compute some function of their inputs while preserving, to the extent possible, various security properties such as privacy, correctness, and more. One desirable property is fairness which guarantees......, informally, that if one party receives its output, then the other party does too. Cleve [1986] showed that complete fairness cannot be achieved in general without an honest majority. Since then, the accepted folklore has been that nothing non-trivial can be computed with complete fairness in the two......-party setting. We demonstrate that this folklore belief is false by showing completely fair protocols for various nontrivial functions in the two-party setting based on standard cryptographic assumptions. We first show feasibility of obtaining complete fairness when computing any function over polynomial...

  18. When the stakes are high: party competition and negative campaigning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.S. Walter; W. van der Brug; P. van Praag

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the conditions under which different kinds of parties resort to negative campaigning in three Western European countries: the Netherlands, Britain, and Germany in the period between 1980 and 2006. Data were collected for 27 parties, participating in 23 elections, yielding a tot

  19. STEM and the Evolution of the Astronomical Star Party

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, B. H.; Munive, P.; Franco, J.; Jones, A. P.; Shaner, A. J.; Buxner, S.; Bleacher, L.

    2015-12-01

    The astronomical star party has long been a powerful and effective way to engage the public and enhance cohesiveness within the amateur astronomy community. Early star parties tended to be strictly small, local events. But with improvements in transportation, larger regional star parties became popular. These advanced the considerable capabilities for citizen science in the amateur community, shared technology and engineering innovations in the field of telescope making, and refined numerous mathematical techniques in areas such instrument design and ephemeris generation, covering the full breadth of STEM. Advancements in astrophotography showcased at these events brought the star party from STEM to STEAM. Now, the advent of social media, web streaming, and virtual presence has facilitated the phenomenon of very large, networked star parties with international scope. These mega star parties take public engagement to a new, far greater levels, giving a vastly larger and more diverse public the opportunity to directly participate in exciting first-hand STEM activities. This presentation will recount the evolution of the star party and will focus on two examples of large, multinational, networked star parties, International Observe the Moon Night and Noche de las Estrellas. We will look at lessons learned and ways to participate.

  20. Multi-party arbitration in international trade: problems and solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siig, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    of dispute resolution in a multy-party set-up. Both the possible legal bases and the problems encountered are considere. It is concluded that arbitration is still the only real option to the parties in international business disputes and that many of the shortcomings  may be contered by skilful drafting...

  1. Communist Party of China and Human Rights Protection for Criminals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN JIA; PEI JUNJIE

    2011-01-01

    Protection of criminals' human rights is an important issue that has received full attention at home and abroad.The Communlst Party of China (CPC) has always attached much importance to the protection of criminals' human rights.Since the founding of New China,the Party and the state have paid full attention to protecting the human rights of criminals.

  2. 16 CFR 240.13 - Customer's and third party liability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Customer's and third party liability. 240.13 Section 240.13 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION GUIDES AND TRADE PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR ADVERTISING ALLOWANCES AND OTHER MERCHANDISING PAYMENTS AND SERVICES § 240.13 Customer's and third party...

  3. A Critical Discourse Analysis of the 315 Evening Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡喜喜

    2014-01-01

    According to Norman Fairclough’s three-dimensional model of discourse analysis, this paper studies the transcription of the 315 evening party to explore the ideologies hidden behind. Based on the analysis, this paper concludes that the coexistence of the legal conscience and the ethnics and their competing relationship are the underlying causes of the emergence of the 315 evening party.

  4. Organizational mediators siding with or against the powerful party

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laskewitz, P; Van de Vliert, E; De Dreu, C K W

    1994-01-01

    Instead of being impartial, a mediator may side with one party as a function of the disputants' power differences, the mediator's legitimacy judgments, or the disputants' capacity to sanction the mediator. According to the power balancing theory, a mediator sides with the party that has a power disa

  5. Supreme matters: tea parties and the activism of restraint

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kurzbauer, H.

    2010-01-01

    An essay on the impact of Tea Parties on the appointment of Supreme Court Justices. According to recently released statistics, one-fifth of all US citizens are Tea Party Supporters: predominately white conservatives convinced of the 'evils' of the Obama administration. Taking their cue from the defi

  6. 29 CFR 18.18 - Written interrogatories to parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Written interrogatories to parties. 18.18 Section 18.18 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES General § 18.18 Written interrogatories to parties....

  7. The willingness to pay of parties to traffic accidents for loss of productivity and consolation compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jou, Rong-Chang; Chen, Tzu-Ying

    2015-12-01

    In this study, willingness to pay (WTP) for loss of productivity and consolation compensation by parties to traffic accidents is investigated using the Tobit model. In addition, WTP is compared to compensation determined by Taiwanese courts. The modelling results showed that variables such as education, average individual monthly income, traffic accident history, past experience of severe traffic accident injuries, the number of working days lost due to a traffic accident, past experience of accepting compensation for traffic accident-caused productivity loss and past experience of accepting consolation compensation caused by traffic accidents have a positive impact on WTP. In addition, average WTP for these two accident costs were obtained. We found that parties to traffic accidents were willing to pay more than 90% of the compensation determined by the court in the scenario of minor and moderate injuries. Parties were willing to pay approximately 80% of the compensation determined by the court for severe injuries, disability and fatality. Therefore, related agencies can use our study findings as the basis for determining the compensation that parties should pay for productivity losses caused by traffic accidents of different types. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. FINANCING DEMOCRACY OR CORRUPTION? POLITICAL PARTY FINANCING IN THE EU’ S SOUTHEASTERN AND EASTERN MEMBER STATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada-Iuliana POPESCU

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Fighting public-sector corruption has become a priority for most governments and international organizations. The public sector is the source of many benefits. Realizing improper private gains from these benefits has long been the core definition of corruption. As the public sector grows and expands its activities, the complexity of its activities also increases. The opportunities for improper private gains grow, too. Therefore, not surprisingly, the EU admits that the public sector, including political parties and public administrations, are especially vulnerable to corruption. Political parties, for instance, depend on the funding destined for their capability to win elections and otherwise to influence public policies. In turn, this dependency creates opportunities for a variety of corrupt activities. Ensuring that campaign funding promotes democracy and not corruption requires well-crafted, vigorously enforced laws. This article analyzes the legal framework of political party financing in the Eastern and South-eastern European EU member states, in order to assess how well it works in preventing political party corruption.

  9. Matrix revolutions? An analysis of party organization and ICT use by political parties in the Republic of Ireland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wall, M.; Sudulich, M.L.

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the characteristics of political parties' websites in the Republic of Ireland and seeks to evaluate whether parties' organizational structures influence the manner in which they present themselves online. Ireland has been chosen as a research environment because there is si

  10. Parties beyond the pale: why some political parties are ostracized by their competitors while others are not

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Spanje, J.

    2010-01-01

    Since the 1960s, anti-immigration parties have emerged in many established European democracies. Some of them - for example, the German Republikaner and the Vlaams Belang in Belgium - have been treated as pariahs by other parties. Others - for example, the Lega Nord in Italy and the Dutch Partij voo

  11. Contagious parties: anti-immigration parties and their impact on other parties’ immigration stances in contemporary Western Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Spanje, J.

    2010-01-01

    Anti-immigration parties have experienced electoral lift-off in most Western democracies, although the consequences of their victories for real-life policy outcomes have remained largely unexplored. A key question is: do electoral pressures from anti-immigration parties have a ‘contagion’ impact on

  12. Matrix revolutions? An analysis of party organization and ICT use by political parties in the Republic of Ireland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wall, M.; Sudulich, M.L.

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the characteristics of political parties' websites in the Republic of Ireland and seeks to evaluate whether parties' organizational structures influence the manner in which they present themselves online. Ireland has been chosen as a research environment because there is si

  13. Cops and dogs against party drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ton Nabben

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available

    In the Netherlands, a significant shift in policy with regard to drug users can be observed. Originally, ecstasy was predominantly defined as a ‘pleasure pill’, whereas today, Dutch policy makers increasingly associate the substance with health problems. The police are present at festivals and dance parties, bouncers are instructed to (body-search all visitors, and police dogs are used at the venue to detect drugs. Theoretically framed by a critical discussion of the historical and theoretical roots of zero-tolerance, this article uses qualitative and quantitative data to answer three questions, relating to the national level and more specifically to Amsterdam. What is the effect of this new zero tolerance policy in practice? How have drug users and drug dealers reacted to the repressive measures, which sometimes include drug detection dogs? What developments have occurred in the drug trade and in the use of recreational substances?

  14. CERN clubs join the fiftieth anniversary party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    CERN's clubs are planning to celebrate the Organization's 50th anniversary by organising a variety of special events. It's raining projects! CERN's clubs have chosen to celebrate the Organization's Golden Jubilee, each in its own style, by organising a whole host of anniversary events. While the Cine-Club continues to screen films made in the Member States on Thursday evenings, other clubs are organising special races and tournaments to honour CERN's 50th year. The CERN Rugby Club led the way in early April when it hosted a children's tournament which brought the Laboratory firmly into the view of its many young participants. On 24 April, the Cycling Club moves to centre stage as it takes its members on a unique 50-km discovery trip around the countryside above the tunnel of the future LHC. The Croquet Club, the Running Club, the Horse Riding Club and the Golf Club will all be joining the party in May and June. After that, football, softball, cycling, pétanque and sailing are just some of the items on a sp...

  15. Communist Party of the Philippines: Theory and Practice of United Front

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-01

    political parties such as UNIDO and LABAN advocated peaceful means. This basic conflict on the strategy for change led to the boycott of the elections of 1986...Commission of Filipino Migrant Workers (CFMW) whic-h was registered as a foundation in Ultrecht,Holland in 1980. The CFMW is the first organization set...up to help in the political and organizing work among Filipino migrant workers. It currently has centers in Rome, London, Amsterdam, Hamburg, Rotterdam

  16. Intra-party policy entrepreneurship and party goals. The case of political parties’ climate policy preferences in Ireland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Little, Conor

    2017-01-01

    This study contributes to the growing literature on the domestic politics of climate change by examining the climate policy preferences of Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael and the Labour Party over 20 years. Bringing the concept of ‘policy entrepreneurship’ into the study of intra-party politics, it uses...... secondary data, party documents, publicly-available information and a series of in-depth interviews to develop an understanding of intra-party policy entrepreneurship and political parties’ climate policy preferences. It finds that office-seeking incentives have tended to trump the activities of individuals...... who have engaged in policy entrepreneurship with the aim of strengthening their parties’ climate policy preferences. In instances where office-seeking incentives for climate policy have been strong, they have often contributed to changes in policy preferences, whether or not intra-party policy...

  17. RCRA and Operational Monitoring (ROM). Multi-Year Program Plan and Fiscal Year 95 Work Plan WBS 1.5.3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-17

    This document contains information concerning the RCRA and Operational Monitoring Program at Hanford Reservation. Information presented includes: Schedules for ground water monitoring activities, program cost baseline, program technical baseline, and a program milestone list.

  18. 32 CFR 700.835 - Work, facilities, supplies, or services for other Government departments, State or local...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... other Government departments, State or local governments, foreign governments, private parties and....835 Work, facilities, supplies, or services for other Government departments, State or local... Federal and State governments, local governments, foreign governments, private parties, and...

  19. Seismic response monitoring of the Arno river masonry embankment during the conservation works after the Lungarno Torrigiani riverbank landslide (Florence - May 25, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotti, Alessia; Pazzi, Veronica; Chiara, Paolo; Lombardi, Luca; Nocentini, Massimiliano; Casagli, Nicola

    2017-04-01

    Geohazards are the most relevant processes that can damage or increase the risk of human beings, properties, critical and transport infrastructures, and environment itself. They also could involve the interruption of human activities. The concepts of disaster risk reduction and disaster risk management involve the development, improvement, and application of policies, strategies, and practices to minimize disaster risks throughout society. Since 1972 (UNESCO Convention) the identification, protection, and preservation of cultural and natural heritage has been recognized to be of outstanding value to humanity, and a key resource to build resilient societies. Nevertheless, world architectural wealth is accumulating damages and heavy losses because of both materials deterioration and exceptional natural or man-made events. The "health" of buildings/structures/infrastructures may be evaluate by its deterioration or damage level. Thus, structure dynamic characterization and microtremor analysis are considered powerful techniques, even thought seismic noise techniques in densely populated area are hardly to carry out because of the background noise due to the human activities. A wide bibliography about buildings/structures/infrastructures seismic dynamic characterization is counterposed to a missing one about their seismic response during conservation/safety works, even thought the seismic vibration monitoring (SVM) is widely used. On May 25, 2016 a riverbank landslide seriously damaged a portion roughly 100 m long of the Lungarno Torrigiani historical masonry embankment wall (left river bank of the Florence urban stretch of the Arno river, between Ponte alle Grazie e Ponte Vecchio). The street next to the embankment wall collapsed, and the earth fill material was fully retained by the embankment wall that did not collapse but seriously deformed towards the Arno river, fracturing itself in three main areas (a cusp roughly in the middle of the damaged wall, where is also

  20. 基于机床做功量的监控系统开发%Development of Monitoring System Based on the Work Load of Machine Tool

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 黄泽森

    2013-01-01

    在分析机床维护保养不良是影响机床可靠性的关键因素的基础上,将一种新的可靠性思想——用户监控维护方法引入数控机床可靠性研究领域中.提出了机床定功维护的概念,并以丝杆螺母副维护保养为例,建立了丝杆螺母副与电机做功关系的数学模型.给出了主轴电机功率的获取方法,并通过对数控系统西门子840D进行二次编程,开发了基于用户角度来提高机床可靠性的用户监控维护系统.该系统在数控机床上的成功应用为机床可靠性的研究提供了一种新的思路和方法.%On the basis of poor maintenance of NC machine tool is the key factor of influencing the machine tool reliability, a new method which called User Monitor and Maintenance was introduced, and a creational concept of maintenance based on work to the field of NC machine reliability research was put forward. By the example of maintenance of ball screw and nut, the math model between the ball screw and nut, and the work of electromotor was established. The method of obtaining power of main spindle motor was given, and the System of User Monitor and Maintenance based on secondary development of NC Simens 840D system by users to improve the reliability of NC machine tool was developed. The successful application of the system on the NC machine tool provides a new method and idea for the research of NC machine tool's reliability.

  1. Race, ideology, and the tea party: a longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowles, Eric D; Lowery, Brian S; Shulman, Elizabeth P; Schaumberg, Rebecca L

    2013-01-01

    The Tea Party movement, which rose to prominence in the United States after the election of President Barack Obama, provides an ideal context in which to examine the roles of racial concerns and ideology in politics. A three-wave longitudinal study tracked changes in White Americans' self-identification with the Tea Party, racial concerns (prejudice and racial identification), and ideologies (libertarianism and social conservatism) over nine months. Latent Growth Modeling (LGM) was used to evaluate potential causal relationships between Tea Party identification and these factors. Across time points, racial prejudice was indirectly associated with movement identification through Whites' assertions of national decline. Although initial levels of White identity did not predict change in Tea Party identification, initial levels of Tea Party identification predicted increases in White identity over the study period. Across the three assessments, support for the Tea Party fell among libertarians, but rose among social conservatives. Results are discussed in terms of legitimation theories of prejudice, the "racializing" power of political judgments, and the ideological dynamics of the Tea Party.

  2. Race, Ideology, and the Tea Party: A Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowles, Eric D.; Lowery, Brian S.; Shulman, Elizabeth P.; Schaumberg, Rebecca L.

    2013-01-01

    The Tea Party movement, which rose to prominence in the United States after the election of President Barack Obama, provides an ideal context in which to examine the roles of racial concerns and ideology in politics. A three-wave longitudinal study tracked changes in White Americans’ self-identification with the Tea Party, racial concerns (prejudice and racial identification), and ideologies (libertarianism and social conservatism) over nine months. Latent Growth Modeling (LGM) was used to evaluate potential causal relationships between Tea Party identification and these factors. Across time points, racial prejudice was indirectly associated with movement identification through Whites’ assertions of national decline. Although initial levels of White identity did not predict change in Tea Party identification, initial levels of Tea Party identification predicted increases in White identity over the study period. Across the three assessments, support for the Tea Party fell among libertarians, but rose among social conservatives. Results are discussed in terms of legitimation theories of prejudice, the “racializing” power of political judgments, and the ideological dynamics of the Tea Party. PMID:23825630

  3. Race, ideology, and the tea party: a longitudinal study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric D Knowles

    Full Text Available The Tea Party movement, which rose to prominence in the United States after the election of President Barack Obama, provides an ideal context in which to examine the roles of racial concerns and ideology in politics. A three-wave longitudinal study tracked changes in White Americans' self-identification with the Tea Party, racial concerns (prejudice and racial identification, and ideologies (libertarianism and social conservatism over nine months. Latent Growth Modeling (LGM was used to evaluate potential causal relationships between Tea Party identification and these factors. Across time points, racial prejudice was indirectly associated with movement identification through Whites' assertions of national decline. Although initial levels of White identity did not predict change in Tea Party identification, initial levels of Tea Party identification predicted increases in White identity over the study period. Across the three assessments, support for the Tea Party fell among libertarians, but rose among social conservatives. Results are discussed in terms of legitimation theories of prejudice, the "racializing" power of political judgments, and the ideological dynamics of the Tea Party.

  4. 移动工单监控系统在城市路灯设备管理中的应用研究%Applied Research of Movable Work Order Monitoring System for City Street Light Equipment Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雁茂

    2012-01-01

    分析和探讨了城市路灯管理人员和一线维护人员在路灯设备运行维护管理过程中遇到的部分实际问题,并结合城市路灯集中监控系统提出相应的解决办法,即在管理模式上从当今的集中监控模式扩展到移动监控模式。移动工单监控系统是该模式下的应用产物。通过对该系统各个核心功能及其应用的详细说明,证明了该系统能给城市路灯设备运行监控和维护工作带来极大的便利,也为城市各种设施监控管理提出了新的解决方案。%This paper analyzes and discusses some issues which are raised by the street lamp management manager and maintainer during their daily work of management and maintenance of street lamp devices, also provides relevant solution that is the management mode extend to the mobile monitoring mode from the centralized monitoring mode. Mobile monitoring work order system is the production of the application when the street lamp management mode extending to the mobile monitoring mode from the centralized monitoring mode. The key functions and the advantages of mobile monitoring work order system are explained in detail. Mobile monitoring work order system also brings new solutions for other city public devices monitoring management.

  5. 浅谈当前高校学生党支部建设工作存在的问题及对策%Problems existing in the construction of college students' Party branches in colleges and universities and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玲

    2016-01-01

    To improve the construction of the party organizations at the basic level in col eges and universities, to cultivate excel ent Party members is the main work of Party building in col eges and universities. Training outstanding Party members from the university has been the most direct and effective way to select the new Party members. The success of the work of Party building in col eges and universities, directly affect the quality of Party members, in order to build a high quality, strong ability, noble moral quality of Party member team, the construction work of col ege student Party branch is particularly important.%搞好高校基层党组织的建设,培养优秀的党组织成员是高校党建的主要工作。从高校里开始培养优秀党员一直是最直接、最有效的选拔新生党员的方式。高校党建工作是否成功直接影响到党员队伍的质量,为了建立一支素质高,能力强,道德品质高尚的党员队伍,高校学生党支部的建设工作尤为重要。

  6. Effective implementation of the UNCRPD by Thailand State Party: challenges and potential remedies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srisuppaphon, Donruedee; Sriboonroj, Arnon; Riewpaiboon, Wachara; Tangcharoensathien, Viroj

    2017-05-25

    The Thai government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2008, and the first progress report by the State Party was issued in 2012. This study assesses and identifies gaps in the Government's implementation of the Convention. Using the Deming Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle as an analytical framework for continuous quality improvement, we reviewed five documents which are: the 2012 State Party report; the list of issues by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; the 2015 replies to the list of issues by the Thai government; an alternative report produced by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); and an alternative report produced by the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand. Content analysis is applied to generate the emerging gaps in implementation. Thailand's main advantage is the evolving legal frameworks operating in compliance with the convention, although further amendment is still needed, including effective law enforcement. Conflicting information between the Government's and alternative reports reflects the shortcomings in the information system that intends to support rigorous monitoring and evaluation. Lacking of concrete measures and outcome indicators on certain articles reflects the State Party's limited understanding of the concept of human rights and participatory approaches and insufficient institutional capacities for effective implementation. To rectify these implementation gaps, a few actions are suggested. This includes amending the laws which violate the rights of persons with psychosocial disability; reforming governance where the monitoring bodies are truly independent from implementing agencies; strengthening cross-sectoral actions; and improving information systems which facilitate monitoring and evaluation where Disabled People's Organizations and Civil Society Organizations are recognized as true equal partners. Implementation research can provide evidence for further

  7. Server-Aided Two-Party Computation with Simultaneous Corruption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cascudo Pueyo, Ignacio; Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Ranellucci, Samuel

    We consider secure two-party computation in the client-server model where there are two adversaries that operate separately but simultaneously, each of them corrupting one of the parties and a restricted subset of servers that they interact with. We model security via the local universal composab...... composability framework introduced by Canetti and Vald and we show that information-theoretically secure two-party computation is possible if and only if there is always at least one server which remains uncorrupted....

  8. Direct and indirect welfare chauvinism as party strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Careja, Romana; Elmelund-Præstekær, Christian; Klitgaard, Michael Baggesen

    2016-01-01

    and deliberate policy-making strategies of the party. It shows that the distinction between direct and indirect chauvinism is a useful theoretical tool for understanding how the Danish People's Party can fulfill the expectations of both its electorate and its coalition partners, even if they point in different......This article develops a theoretical distinction between direct and indirect welfare chauvinism in order to analyze how electorally successful populist right-wing parties transmit social policy preferences with significant redistributive implications for the shape of the welfare state. Direct...... directions....

  9. Multi-party arbitration in international trade: problems and solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siig, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Legal disputes regarding international trade frequently involve more than two parties. This leads to problems, as the preferred means of dispute resolution within international trade - arbitration - tends to be ill-equipped to handle such disputes. The topic of the paper is arbitration as a means...... of dispute resolution in a multy-party set-up. Both the possible legal bases and the problems encountered are considere. It is concluded that arbitration is still the only real option to the parties in international business disputes and that many of the shortcomings  may be contered by skilful drafting...... of the arbitration agreement...

  10. Economic Conditions affect Support for Prime Minister Parties in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2016-01-01

    between unemployment, economic growth and support for prime minister parties is re-examined in two datasets. The first is a dataset of Scandinavian elections, and the second is a yearly Danish vote function, which was constructed using election polls. Across both datasets, it is found that if one simply...... correlates support for the prime minister's party with economic conditions, there is no relationship; however, if one specifies a statistical model, which takes the Scandinavian context into account, it is possible to identify a statistically significant effect of economic conditions on electoral support....... Based on this finding, the article concludes that economic conditions do shape electoral support for prime minister parties in Scandinavia....

  11. How to do a good job in Huaibei city environmental monitoring work under the new situation%如何做好新形势下的淮北市环境监测工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖刚

    2013-01-01

    The environmental monitoring work is the basic work for the environmental protection work , in the new situation , how to do a good job in the environmental monitoring work , is an important task of environmental protection work must face .In this paper , by analyzing the experience of Huaibei city in the environmental monitoring work in the creative practice and achieved results ,, put forward some independent thoughts and suggestions on the majority of environmental protection workers , especially environmental monitoring workers , have certain reference significance .%环境监测工作是环境保护工作的基础工作,在新的形势下,如何做好环境监测工作,是环保工作必须面对的一个重要课题。本文通过总结研究淮北市在环境监测工作中一些富有创造性的做法和所取得的成效,经验,提出了一些有独立见解的工作思路和建议,对广大环保工作者特别是环境监测工作者,有一定的借鉴意义。

  12. Role of political parties in the formation of civil society in Uzbekistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Сирожжон Насипкулович Бердикулов

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the role of political parties in the development of civil society and the rule of law, as well as issues of political parties differ from other public organizations, the concept of a multi-party system, the importance of a multi-party system in ensuring political pluralism, inter-party competition, constructive opposition, the expression of the interests of the electorate, the space of political parties in parliament and local councils (soviets

  13. Quantum secret sharing between m-party and n-party with six states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A quantum secret sharing scheme between an m-party group and an n-party group is proposed using three conjugate bases.A sequence of single photons,each of which is prepared in one of the six states,is used directly to encode classical information in the quantum secret sharing process.In this scheme,each of all m members in group 1 chooses randomly his/her own secret key individually and independently,and directly encodes his/her respective secret information on the states of single photons via unitary operations,then the last one sends 1/n of the resulting qubits to each member of group 2.By measuring their respective qubits,all members in group 2 share the secret information shared by all members in group 1.It renders impossible a Trojan horse attack with a multi-photon signal,a fake-signal attack with EPR pairs,an attack with single photons,and an attack with invisible photons.We give the upper bounds on the average success probabilities for dishonest agent eavesdropping encryption using the fake-signal attack with any two-particle entangled states.

  14. How does spatial hearing affect cocktail party conversations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinn-Cunningham, Barbara G.

    2003-04-01

    Although spatial cues are not a dominant factor in auditory scene analysis by humans, spatial separation of a target talker and an interfering sound source often increases the intelligibility of the target. A large portion of this improvement arises from a simple acoustic effect: separating the target and interferer generally increases the target-to-interferer energy ratio at one ear. When the target is near threshold, binaural processing provides an additional small, but important improvement. Finally, in conditions where both target and interferer are audible but are difficult to segregate, spatial separation can improve the ability to stream the sources and interpret the target message. The echoes and reverberation present in everyday environments influence all of these factors, altering the target-to-interferer energy ratio, the effectiveness of binaural processing, and the ability to stream the sources. A number of studies will be reviewed to demonstrate how these different factors influence speech intelligibility and affect cocktail party conversations in everyday environments. [Work supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

  15. 16 CFR 1209.40 - Certification responsibility, multiple parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS INTERIM SAFETY STANDARD FOR CELLULOSE INSULATION Certification § 1209.40... cellulose insulation, only the party closest to the consumer in the distribution chain is required to issue...

  16. Race, ideology, and the tea party: a longitudinal study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Knowles, Eric D; Lowery, Brian S; Shulman, Elizabeth P; Schaumberg, Rebecca L

    2013-01-01

    The Tea Party movement, which rose to prominence in the United States after the election of President Barack Obama, provides an ideal context in which to examine the roles of racial concerns and ideology in politics...

  17. African Ruling Political Parties and the Making of 'Authoritarian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Global Social Justice in Theory and ... African Ruling Political Parties and the Making of 'Authoritarian' Democracies .... Achieving social justice (particularly in its philosophical sense) has.

  18. The 2014 Elections and the Brazilian Party System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ranulfo Melo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian party system presents a paradox. Although the Workers Party (PT and the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB have controlled presidential elections for the last 20 years, their force at the other levels of electoral competition has not grown. The objective of this study is to undertake a discussion of this situation through the 2014 general elections. After attempting to explain why successive challengers have not been able to change the structure of competition for the Brazilian presidency, I will analyze the relation established between the pattern observed at this level and the other “connected” electoral disputes—both those for state executive and federal legislative office. The general conclusion is that even if the pattern continues, it is quite improbable that this will significantly impact the other levels of national political party competition.

  19. Political Parties and Social Policy Responses to Global Economic Crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Starke, Peter; Kaasch, Alexandra; van Hooren, Franca

    2014-01-01

    responses, albeit in ways that go beyond traditional partisan theory.We show that the partisan conflict and the impact of parties are conditioned by existing welfare state configurations. In less generous welfare states, the party composition of governments plays a decisive role in shaping the direction...... to global economic crises vary significantly across countries. What explains the cross-national and within-case variation in responses to crises?We discuss several potential causes of this pattern and argue that political parties and the party composition of governments can play a key role in shaping crisis...... of social policy change. By contrast, in more generous welfare states, i.e., those with highly developed automatic stabilisers, the overall direction of policy change is regularly not subject to debate. Political conflict in these welfare states rather concerns the extent to which expansion or retrenchment...

  20. Alcohol Can Be a Risky Guest At Holiday Parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162488.html Alcohol Can Be a Risky Guest at Holiday Parties ... a part of the festivities. Unfortunately, so are alcohol-related accidents and deaths. Many people who attend ...

  1. Party Nationalization and Electoral Strategies in Coalition Presidentialism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Andre Borges

    2015-01-01

    ... a gubernatorial coattail effect. While some parties are successful in mobilizing the national electorate through "presidentialization" other groups may be capable of obtaining votes nationally for reasons that are unrelated to the...

  2. Third Party Reproduction: Sperm, Egg, and Embryo Donation and Surrogacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... third-party reproduction” refers to the use of eggs , sperm , or embryos that have been donated by a ... the requisite screening and testing required of all egg and sperm donors. For embryos that are created specifically for ...

  3. Political Parties and Social Policy Responses to Global Economic Crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Starke, Peter; Kaasch, Alexandra; van Hooren, Franca

    2014-01-01

    Based on empirical findings froma comparative study onwelfare state responses to the four major economic shocks (the 1970s oil shocks, the early 1990s recession, the 2008 financial crisis) in four OECD countries, this article demonstrates that, in contrast to conventional wisdom, policy responses...... to global economic crises vary significantly across countries. What explains the cross-national and within-case variation in responses to crises?We discuss several potential causes of this pattern and argue that political parties and the party composition of governments can play a key role in shaping crisis...... responses, albeit in ways that go beyond traditional partisan theory.We show that the partisan conflict and the impact of parties are conditioned by existing welfare state configurations. In less generous welfare states, the party composition of governments plays a decisive role in shaping the direction...

  4. 47 CFR 76.935 - Participation of interested parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... parties. In order to regulate basic tier rates or associated equipment costs, a franchising authority must..., 120, or 180-day time periods that franchising authorities have to review rates under § 76.933....

  5. ISLAMIC PARTIES AND THE POLITICS OF CONSTITUTIONALISM IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukrimin Mukrimin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the relationship between religion and the state in Indonesia by exploring how Islam is used by political parties to shape the politics. The study shows that Islamic politics is a complementary in both nationhood and statehood in Indonesia. From the early days of the new-born nation-state, Muslims in Indonesia had played significant role in shaping the nation; nonetheless, they have never dominated the political power. Fragmentation among Muslims themselves and internal political parties is among the reason why religious (Islamic parties failed in bringing religious identity to the state arena. Political subordination-inclusion-ignorance-confrontation is the circular game that features Islamic politics in Indonesia. The debatable issue on shari‘ah law, which is frequently used by Islamic parties, always becomes the core problem of the relation between Islam and the state. Even though Islam has played an important role in colouring the Indonesian politics, its existence remains complementary.

  6. Music: An Oral History of All Tomorrow's Parties

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Weingarten, Christopher R

    2009-01-01

    A discussion recalling the history of the All Tomorrow's Parties (ATP) indie music festival, which will be held in New York for the second time beginning September 11, 2009, at Kutshers Country Club in Monticello, is presented...

  7. Statement of Work (SOW) for services provided by the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility for the Effluent and Environmental Monitoring Program during calendar year 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GLECKLER, B.P.

    1998-10-22

    This document defines the services the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility (WSCF) shall provide the Effluent and Environmental Monitoring Program (EEM) throughout the calendar year for analysis. The purpose of the EEM Program is to monitor liquid and gaseous effluents, and the environment immediately around the facilities which may contain radioactive and hazardous materials. Monitoring data are collected, evaluated, and reported to determine their degree of compliance with applicable federal and state regulations and permits.

  8. "Against Fascism, War and Economies": The Communist Party of Great Britain's Schoolteachers during the Popular Front, 1935-1939

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavanagh, Matthew

    2014-01-01

    The Popular Front line made the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) a more hospitable place for "brain workers." The emphasis the line placed on mass ideological and cultural struggle against fascism meant that they became important allies to be won for the working class. As the principal transmitters of ideology and culture to the…

  9. "Against Fascism, War and Economies": The Communist Party of Great Britain's Schoolteachers during the Popular Front, 1935-1939

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavanagh, Matthew

    2014-01-01

    The Popular Front line made the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) a more hospitable place for "brain workers." The emphasis the line placed on mass ideological and cultural struggle against fascism meant that they became important allies to be won for the working class. As the principal transmitters of ideology and culture to the…

  10. The Measures Taken by the Ruling Parties in BRICS for Strengthening Party DisciPline and Their ImPlications%“金砖国家”执政党严明党纪的举措及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔新峰; 于军

    2014-01-01

    Brazil,Russia,India and South Africa,together with China,all belong to the so - called BRICS,which are in the process of socioeconomic development and transition. Except the commonalities in respect of market transition,economic development and large scale etc. ,BRICS differ from each other in their history and national conditions,especially in party politics. However,there is an obvious trend that the ruling parties in BRICS are all enhancing the work of party building and strengthening party discipline. Their measures for strengthening party discipline provide beneficial references for the relevant practices of the CPC.%巴西、俄罗斯、印度、南非与我国同属处于经济社会发展转型期的“金砖国家”。在市场转型、经济发展、体量巨大等共性外,各“金砖国家”在历史与国情尤其是政党政治方面个性迥异。然而,各“金砖国家”执政党近年来均体现出强化党建、严明党纪的鲜明趋势;其严明党纪的举措,给中国共产党相关实践提供了有益启示。

  11. Properly Handling the Third Party Issues in Sino-U.S. Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The relationship between China and the United States is becoming increasingly important in the world; no longer is it limited to bilateral issues, and the third party issue has grown in significance. There are various kinds of third party countries.Some of these, such as Japan, South Korea, Australia and the European countries are U.S. allies. Some, like the central Asian and ASEAN states, are neighbors of China. In the category of major world powers we can also include Russia, India, Japan and the EU, while African and some Latin American countries are relatively marginalized. An important aspect of China's diplomacy in recent years has been to work hard on two fronts:to develop relations with the above mentioned countries, while at the same time taking note of the interests and concerns of the United States. China has achieved a successful balance between the two.

  12. Contextualizing Intergroup Contact: Do Political Party Cues Enhance Contact Effects?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønderskov, Kim Mannemar; Thomsen, Jens Peter Frølund

    2015-01-01

    political parties on us-them categorizations heightens the awareness of group memberships. This focus in turn enhances the positive intergroup contact effect by stimulating majority members to perceive contacted persons as prototypical outgroup members. A multilevel analysis of 22 countries and almost 37......,000 individuals confirms that the ability of intergroup contact to reduce antiforeigner sentiment increases when political parties focus intensively on immigration issues and cultural differences. Specifically, both workplace contact and interethnic friendship become more effective in reducing antiforeigner...

  13. Social media as political party campaign in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Abdillah, Leon Andretti

    2014-01-01

    Social media as a trend in the Internet is now used as a medium for political campaigns. Author explores the advantages and social media implementation of any political party in Indonesia legislative elections 2014. Author visited and analyzed social media used by the contestants, such as: Facebook, and Twitter. Author collected data from social media until the end of April 2014. This article discusses the use of social media by political parties and their features. The results of this study ...

  14. The Workers’ Party and the political use of judiciary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew M. TAYLOR

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper draws on the experience of the Brazilian Workers’ Party (PT, during periods of opposition and incumbency, to develop a theoretical approach to the use of Courts by political actors. I argue that the use of Courts by political parties is an outcome of their relations with executive incumbents, the institutional architecture of the judiciary, and a strategic evaluation of the different judicial mechanisms that are available to them.

  15. Comparison of Radical Right-Wing Parties in Bulgaria and Romania: The National Movement of Ataka and the Great Romania Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markéta Smrčková

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on a comparison of two radical right-wing parties, Ataka and the Great Romania Party, their positions in the national party system, and their relationships with the governing parties as well as with other national right-wing parties. In this essay the party programmes, electorate, attitude to minorities, and degree of nationalism will be compared. Another important part of this paper is comparison of the election results of these parties and their chances of remaining in the national parliaments (and thus becoming a crucial part of party system. All the details mentioned above will be analyzed against the background of theories of radical right-wing parties.

  16. Conference Report: Neopatrimonialism, Democracy, and Party Research: The German and International Debate – In Remembrance of Gero Erdmann (1952–2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne Kneuer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This report summarises the presentations held at a symposium that took place on 8 June 2015 in Hamburg to commemorate the life and scholarly achievements of Gero Erdmann. Erdmann has left deep footprints in the literature on neopatrimonialism, parties, and party systems in Africa, as well as on democratisation, including democracy promotion. Colleagues and former collaborators revisited some of his work and put it in the perspective of recent findings in the literature.

  17. A Week Is a Long Time in Politics: The Health Implications of Jeremy Corbyn's UK Labour Party Leadership Victory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott-Samuel, Alex; Bambra, Clare

    2016-01-01

    For more than 30 years, socialism within the UK Labour Party - which was in government from 1997 to 2010 and is currently the main UK parliamentary opposition - has been in decline. Despite its origins as a party of and for the working class, Labour has become at best a social democratic party with strong neoliberal leanings. However, in the recent leadership election that followed Labour's general election defeat in May 2015, the socialist Jeremy Corbyn confounded all expectations by winning Labour's leadership with a substantial majority. We describe the political context of Corbyn's controversial victory and discuss its potential short- and medium-term impact on England's troubled National Health Service and on the public health.

  18. The effects of third-party validation and minimization on judgments of the transgressor and the third party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Judy

    2013-06-01

    Victims of interpersonal transgressions often turn to friends, family, and trusted others when trying to make sense of negative events. This research explored the effect of two of the many ways that these informal third parties can respond: validating the victim's experience, and downplaying or minimizing the transgression. Two studies found that validation from a third party increases revenge motivations and that minimization of the transgression is more effective than validation at reducing revenge motivations. However, results also indicated that victims judge third parties more positively if they validate rather than minimize the transgression. These findings suggest that, when choosing between validation and minimization, third parties must make a choice between promoting forgiveness and promoting themselves.

  19. Students' community health service delivery: experiences of involved parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greeff, M; van der Walt, E; Strydom, C; Wessels, C; Schutte, P J

    2009-03-01

    For several years the School of Nursing Science and the School of Psychosocial Behavioural Science, of a specific university, have been offering health care services in response to some of the health needs of a disadvantaged community as part of their students' experiential learning. However, these health care services were rendered independently by these two schools, implying that no feedback system existed to evaluate the worth and quality of these student-rendered health care services. The objectives of this research were to explore and describe the experiences of senior nursing and social work students, the experiences of health service delivery organisations concerned and the experiences of the disadvantaged community members receiving such health care services, as well as to investigate which communication models were apparent with regard to the major factors within health communication. An exploratory descriptive qualitative research design was used. Focus group discussions were held, interviews were conducted and field notes taken. Focus group discussions and interviews were transcribed and analysed by the research team to determine themes and sub-themes using the open coding technique. The results of the three groups showed similarities. The health service delivery organisations also identified a communication barrier, although the students were prepared to bridge it. The health service delivery organisations and the community felt positive towards the students and what they offered to the organisations and to the patients. A greater need for multi-disciplinary team work was recognised by al parties concerned. Recommendations focus on improved student accompaniment by lecturers; extending health care delivery to include a multi-disciplinary team approach by students; as well as improving the delivery of health care services.

  20. "Public Purpose or Public Interest" and Third Party Transfers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Virgill

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article the difference between public purpose and public interest in section 25(2 of the 1996 Constitution is considered. It is generally accepted that public purpose is a narrower category than public interest and that the distinction between public purpose and public interest does not make any practical difference. However, in this contribution it is suggested that the difference between public purpose and public interest makes no practical difference only in cases where expropriated property is used by the state for the realisation of a particular purpose. The difference between public purpose and public interest becomes more important when a particular expropriation also involves a third party transfer, since it indicates the level of scrutiny that the courts should apply in determining the lawfulness of the expropriation. When property is expropriated and transferred to a third party for the realisation of a public purpose, such as building and managing electricity plants, the lawfulness of the expropriation is not easily questioned. As such, the application of a rationality test to determine the legitimacy of the expropriation is generally easy to accept. However, this lenient approach cannot be as easily accepted where an expropriation and third party transfer takes place in the public interest. Examples of third party transfers in the public interest include land reform, slum clearance and economic development. In the examples of land reform and slum clearance the expropriation and third party transfer is usually authorised in legislation or, as is the case with land reform in South Africa, the 1996 Constitution. Because (as in the land reform example the expropriation and third party transfer is authorised by the Constitution and regulated by legislation, the application of a rationality test to determine the legitimacy is acceptable. However, the application of a rationality test where property is expropriated and transferred

  1. Web party effect: a cocktail party effect in the web environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigutti, Sara; Fantoni, Carlo; Gerbino, Walter

    2015-01-01

    In goal-directed web navigation, labels compete for selection: this process often involves knowledge integration and requires selective attention to manage the dizziness of web layouts. Here we ask whether the competition for selection depends on all web navigation options or only on those options that are more likely to be useful for information seeking, and provide evidence in favor of the latter alternative. Participants in our experiment navigated a representative set of real websites of variable complexity, in order to reach an information goal located two clicks away from the starting home page. The time needed to reach the goal was accounted for by a novel measure of home page complexity based on a part of (not all) web options: the number of links embedded within web navigation elements weighted by the number and type of embedding elements. Our measure fully mediated the effect of several standard complexity metrics (the overall number of links, words, images, graphical regions, the JPEG file size of home page screenshots) on information seeking time and usability ratings. Furthermore, it predicted the cognitive demand of web navigation, as revealed by the duration judgment ratio (i.e., the ratio of subjective to objective duration of information search). Results demonstrate that focusing on relevant links while ignoring other web objects optimizes the deployment of attentional resources necessary to navigation. This is in line with a web party effect (i.e., a cocktail party effect in the web environment): users tune into web elements that are relevant for the achievement of their navigation goals and tune out all others.

  2. Using Third-Party Inspectors in Building Energy Codes Enforcement in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Kumar, Pradeep; Van Wie, Laura; Bhatt, Vatsal

    2013-01-31

    resources available in the state and local governments, involving third-party inspectors could rapidly expand the capacity for plan reviews and broad implementation. However, the procedures of involving third-parties need to be carefully designed in order to guarantee a fair process. For example, there should be multiple checks and certification requirements for third-party inspectors, and the government should have the final approval when third-party inspectors are used in a project. This paper discusses different approaches of involving third-parties in ECBC enforcement; the Indian states may choose the approaches that work best in their given circumstances.

  3. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yufeng Dong

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hotels cooperate with third-party websites to enhance their competitive position and attain sustainable development in the era of e-commerce. Furthermore, hotel managers overbook to hedge against last-minute cancellations and customer no-shows. This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process. The increase in profits resulting from the overbooking strategy is also examined. A model of a Stackelberg game between the hotel and third-party websites and a Nash game among the third-party websites are developed to analyze the process. Results indicate that the compensation coefficient has a slight influence on hotel pricing strategy, but causes a sharp decrease in overbooking level. As the hotel demands to lessen the probability of denying under higher compensation rate, the third-party websites would exert less sales effort to reduce the demand of online customers. Results also show that under a given market demand, hotel effort only serves to redistribute market shares among the hotel and third-party websites, without influencing hotel pricing and overbooking decisions. Specifically, the market shares of the third-party websites decrease in the effort level of the hotel resulting from an increase in the hotel market share. Finally, in the numerical example where one hotel and two websites are analyzed, hotel overbooking strategy improves hotel profit by 4.20%, whereas profit improvements for Websites 1 and 2 are as high as 5.26% and 5.21%, respectively. Managerial implications of the study are also provided.

  4. Biological Monitoring Using Macroinvertebrates as Bioindicators of Water Quality of Maroaga Stream in the Maroaga Cave System, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazon, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Brito Uherek

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aquatic environments are being modified by anthropogenic activities regarding their biological, physical, and chemical conditions; even pristine aquatic ecosystems can be threatened. This study focused on the biological monitoring of Maroaga Stream—a first order stream located in an Environmental Protection Area in the Amazon using the Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP Score System. The BMWP Score System revealed that the Maroaga Stream was a Class I stream (score of 138 points, indicating clean or not significantly altered water quality. The results suggest the adequate environmental conditions and ecological responses of the Maroaga Stream.

  5. The gender of party leadership and its impact on voter's asessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    Even though most political parties are still male dominated, an increasing number of women reach the top position of party leader. Furthermore, party leadership is increasingly regarded as an important part of party images due to the personalization of politics. Does the gender of the party leade...... leader characteristics appreciated by men and women. If this holds, the gender of party leadership matters to women because they value woman party leaders higher, not because they value other characteristics than men.......Even though most political parties are still male dominated, an increasing number of women reach the top position of party leader. Furthermore, party leadership is increasingly regarded as an important part of party images due to the personalization of politics. Does the gender of the party leader....... However, men are not more sympathetic towards man party leaders than women. Second, the analysis of the content of party leader sympathy seems to show that men and women do not differ in the characteristics correlated with party leader sympathy. Hence, there seems to be no gender difference in the party...

  6. The power of populism. Geert Wilders and the Party for Freedom in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vossen, K.P.S.S.

    2017-01-01

    This book discusses the Party for Freedom (PVV), a political party in the Netherlands, founded and led by Geert Wilders. Attaining between 10 and 18% of the votes, the PVV has become one of the largest parties in the Netherlands and is the only political party worldwide without members. Between 2010

  7. The Role of Political Parties in Denmark, the United States, and Uganda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne; Basajjabaka, Abubaker

    1996-01-01

    A comparative analysis of the role of political parties in Denmark, the USA, and Uganda on the basis of political science theories about parties, political participation and political systems.......A comparative analysis of the role of political parties in Denmark, the USA, and Uganda on the basis of political science theories about parties, political participation and political systems....

  8. The Power of Populism. Geert Wilders and the Party for Freedom in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vossen, K.P.S.S.

    2017-01-01

    This book discusses the Party for Freedom (PVV), a political party in the Netherlands, founded and led by Geert Wilders. Attaining between 10 and 18% of the votes, the PVV has become one of the largest parties in the Netherlands and is the only political party worldwide without members. Between 2010

  9. Some Quantum-Like Features of Mass Politics in Two-Party Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Charles E

    2011-01-01

    We expand the substantive terrain of QI's reach by illuminating a body of political theory that to date has been elaborated in strictly classical language and formalisms but has complex features that seem to merit generalizations of the problem outside the confines of classicality. The line of research, initiated by Fiorina in the 1980s, seeks to understand the origins and nature of party governance in two-party political systems wherein voters cast partisan ballots in two contests, one that determines partisan control of the executive branch and another that determines party control of a legislature. We describe how research in this area evolved in the last two decades in directions that bring it now to the point where further elaboration and study seem natural in the more general formalistic and philosophical environments embraced in QI research. In the process, we find evidence that a restriction of a classical model that has animated work in the field appears violated in a form that leads one naturally to...

  10. Fourth Party Logistics in a Digital Future

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schramm, Hans-Joachim; Czaja, Carolin Nicole; Dittrich, Michael

    2017-01-01

    . Findings: Our results show a clear trend away from simply organising transportation and logistics activities towards the provision of an IT platform as well as further service activities such as planning, analytics and monitoring. Along with this, IT capabilities appear to be an important differentiator...... for 4PL providers in the future. Moreover, relationships between 4PL providers and their clients become closer and more strategic, which leads to a customer valuing not only direct cost reductions but rather improvements resulting from optimized operations through superior analysis and planning...... functions. Research limitations/implications: The sampling frame is mainly focused on multinational companies with logistics operations in Western Europe, namely the DACH region (Germany, Austria and Switzerland). Practical implications: Our findings not only support 4PL providers in assessing ways...

  11. Anti-Corruption Parties and Good Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bågenholm, Andreas; Charron, Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    position to enrich themselves at the expense of the society at large? The answer from research, so far, is through formal and informal institutional constraints, which in different ways alter incentives at the top. This edited volume contributes to the knowledge of the interaction between elites......, institutions and other constraints and how this affects corruption and other forms of bad government. It problematizes the incentives for elites and masses to fight grand and petty corruption, respectively, and demonstrates the importance of elite constraints for good societies, where infant mortality is low...... incite elites to behave either in line with their immediate self-interests or with the interest of the society at large. Taking a step further, it considers different ways in which elites' preferences are more closely aligned with the general interest when, for example, monitoring mechanisms...

  12. Profitability, third-party reimbursement, and access to community pharmacies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, N V; Miederhoff, P A; Waters, L W

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the extent to which third-party reimbursement programs have affected the profitability and availability of community pharmacies. Data were taken from records maintained by the Virginia Board of Pharmacy and a survey of 177 community pharmacies. Between 1989 and 1994, 258 outpatient pharmacies opened and 342 closed. Chain and independent pharmacies suffered net losses, and supermarket and mass merchandiser pharmacies experienced net increases. Few significant changes occurred in the distribution of pharmacies over the study period. Fifty-nine chain and independent pharmacies and 1 supermarket pharmacy chain provided usable profit and reimbursement data. These pharmacies experienced declines in profits and increases in the percentage of prescriptions reimbursed by private third-party prescription programs over the last several years. Regression analyses indicated that higher ratios of sales of private third-party prescriptions to private-pay prescriptions were associated with lower profits. All respondents indicated that changes in private third-party reimbursement had substantially reduced profits over the past 5 years. The results indicate that the growth of private third-party payment has led to lower pharmacy profits but has not yet resulted in problems of consumer access.

  13. Postconflict third-party affiliation in rooks, Corvus frugilegus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seed, Amanda M; Clayton, Nicola S; Emery, Nathan J

    2007-01-23

    Conflict features in the lives of many animal species and induces social stress mediated by glucocorticoid hormones [1]. Postconflict affiliation, between former opponents (reconciliation) or between former opponents and a bystander (third-party affiliation), has been suggested as a behavioral mechanism for reducing such stress [2], but has been studied almost exclusively in primates [3]. As with many primates, several bird species live in social groups and form affiliative relationships [4]. Do these distantly related animals also use affiliative behavior to offset the costs of conflict? We studied postconflict affiliation in a captive group of rooks. Unlike polygamous primates, monogamous rooks did not reconcile with former opponents. However, we found clear evidence of third-party affiliation after conflicts. Both initiators and targets of aggression engaged in third-party affiliation with a social partner and employed a specific behavior, bill twining, during the postconflict period. Both former aggressors and uninvolved third parties initiated affiliative contacts. Despite the long history of evolutionary divergence, the pattern of third-party affiliation in rooks is strikingly similar to that observed in tolerant primate species. Furthermore, the absence of reconciliation in rooks makes sense in light of the species differences in social systems.

  14. Peoples Democratic Party in the Fourth Republic of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliyu Mukhtar Katsina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Their nature and functions make political parties central to democratic governance especially in the new democracies of Africa that face the challenge of building strong and enduring democratic institutions. It is accepted that the existing trend in most of these democracies of one big party dominating the political space weakens democracy and undermines its prospects for consolidation. Big parties—usually the ruling ones—exhibit tendencies such as absence of internal democracy that are antithetical to democratic governance. While observations such as these are incontestable, there is little understanding into the nature, character, ideology, and internal structure of big parties generally. In this article, I attempt to address this concern. Specifically, I examine the nature, structure, and ideology of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP, Nigeria’s ruling party at the federal level with considerable strength at local level between 1999 and 2015. Relying on data obtained from multiple sources, I investigate the process of its formation, the nature of its ideology, internal organization, its electoral strength, and how absence of internal democracy contributed significantly to its defeat in 2015 general elections.

  15. CLOUDCLOUD : general-purpose instrument monitoring and data managing software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, António; Amorim, António; Tomé, António

    2016-04-01

    An effective experiment is dependent on the ability to store and deliver data and information to all participant parties regardless of their degree of involvement in the specific parts that make the experiment a whole. Having fast, efficient and ubiquitous access to data will increase visibility and discussion, such that the outcome will have already been reviewed several times, strengthening the conclusions. The CLOUD project aims at providing users with a general purpose data acquisition, management and instrument monitoring platform that is fast, easy to use, lightweight and accessible to all participants of an experiment. This work is now implemented in the CLOUD experiment at CERN and will be fully integrated with the experiment as of 2016. Despite being used in an experiment of the scale of CLOUD, this software can also be used in any size of experiment or monitoring station, from single computers to large networks of computers to monitor any sort of instrument output without influencing the individual instrument's DAQ. Instrument data and meta data is stored and accessed via a specially designed database architecture and any type of instrument output is accepted using our continuously growing parsing application. Multiple databases can be used to separate different data taking periods or a single database can be used if for instance an experiment is continuous. A simple web-based application gives the user total control over the monitored instruments and their data, allowing data visualization and download, upload of processed data and the ability to edit existing instruments or add new instruments to the experiment. When in a network, new computers are immediately recognized and added to the system and are able to monitor instruments connected to them. Automatic computer integration is achieved by a locally running python-based parsing agent that communicates with a main server application guaranteeing that all instruments assigned to that computer are

  16. 电水平尺自动化监测系统在地铁安全保护监测中的应用%Application of EL Beam Automatic Monitoring System in Safety Protection Monitoring of Metro Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵太东

    2013-01-01

    The foundation pit of Mingji hospital in Nanjing is located in the protection scope of the operating Metro system.During the excavation of the foundation pit,settlement monitoring points are arranged in the Metro tunnels,automatic monitoring system is established and EL beam automatic monitoring is executed.The monitoring practice shows that,due to the application of EL beam automatic monitoring,the manpower,materials and cost needed for the monitoring are reduced and the safety of the monitoring personnel is guaranteed.%为了降低在地铁保护区内施工对既有地铁的影响,确保地铁的正常运营,结合南京地铁中胜站一元通站区间运营地铁隧道监测实例,阐述了在地铁保护区内南京明基医院基坑开挖时,在隧道内布置沉降监测点,组建自动化监测系统,确定监测基准点及报警值,采用电水平尺实时自动监测和分析沉降曲线,并定期与人工监测数据进行比较.实践证明,电水平尺自动化监测系统能够自动记录监测过程,节约大量的人力、物力和财力,并能保证人员的安全.

  17. Reflections on the Strengthening of Constructing Innova-tive Grass-roots Party Organizations of College Organs%新时期加强建设创新型高校机关基层党组织的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡军

    2013-01-01

    高校机关基层党组织作为高校党组织工作的基层组织单位,具有凝聚党员力量,协调、指导、监督党员工作的重要作用,在实际的工作中,以机关基层党组织为切入点,增进党组织的创新性建设,有利于机关基层党组织人员工作创新水平和机关工作效率的提高。%As the grass-roots organizational units of college party organization work, the grass-roots party organizations of college organs play an important role in uniting the force of party mem-bers, coordinating, guiding and supervising the work of party members. In practical work, to promote the innovative construc-tion of party organizations with grass-roots party organizations as the breakthrough point, is conducive to the innovation of grass-roots party organization work and the improvement of the working efficiency of organs.

  18. 试论高校党建工作的现状与创新%On the Present Situation and Innovation of the Party Construction in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锐

    2011-01-01

    为实现党的纲领和任务.党各级组织都在以自己的不同的方式进行开展各项党建工作活动。高校是开展党建工作的重要工作阵地。党建工作在确保党沿着正确发展方面、传播党的优良作风和确保党的保持先进性等方面都起着极其重要的作用。但是,随着社会发展和时代变革,当前高校党建工作与新时期要求存在着诸多不适应的地方。故此,高校依托自己的党建资源,在转变观念.提高对高校党建工作重要性认识;确定保障,加大高校党建工作投入;不断创新,提高高校党建工作质量:讲究实效,开拓高校党建工作服务领域等方面不断创新党建工作。%Party organizations at all levels are carrying out the Party construction work in their own different ways in order to achieve the program and task in our party. Colleges and universities are an important workplace for Party construction, which also plays a critical role to guarantee our party to advance in the right direction, to widespread the Party's fine style of work and to maintain the advanced nature of the Party. With the Development of the society and the change of time, the present situation of the Party con- struction in colleges and universities don't meet the requirements of the new period. So colleges and universities, based on their Party construction resources, must emancipate the mind to enhance the understanding of the significance of the Party construction work, ensure the support with increasing their input in Party construction work, innovate to boosting the quality of the Party construction work and stress practical resuits with expanding the scope of the Party construction work and innovating Party construction work constantly.

  19. Ideology, Party Systems and Corruption Voting in European Democracies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charron, Nicholas; Bågenholm, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    What is the impact of corruption on citizens' voting behavior? There is a growing literature on an increasingly ubiquitous puzzle in many democratic countries: that corrupt officials continue to be re-elected by voters. In this study we address this issue with a novel theory and newly collected...... original survey data for 24 European countries. The crux of the argument is that voters' ideology is a salient factor in explaining why citizens would continue voting for their preferred party despite the fact that it has been involved in a corruption scandal. Developing a theory of supply (number...... of effective parties) and demand (voters must have acceptable ideological alternatives to their preferred party), we posit that there is a U-shaped relationship between the likelihood of corruption voting and where voters place themselves on the left/right spectrum. The further to the fringes, the more likely...

  20. Product market competition, ultimate controlling structure and related party transactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shenglan Chen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have shown that product market competition has an important effect on corporate strategies and internal governance mechanisms. Using a sample of China’s listed firms from 2004 to 2009, we explore the relationship between product market competition and normal related party transactions and find a significant positive relationship. In addition, we investigate the substitutive effect of product market competition and the cash flow rights owned by ultimate controlling shareholders on the extent of normal related party transactions. In particular, our results suggest a positive relationship between the ultimate controlling shareholders’ cash flow rights and normal related party transactions that is strongest in noncompetitive industries and weakens as product market competition increases.

  1. The Romanian Social Democratic Party versus the authoritarian monarchy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Grecu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article approaches the Romanian social-democratic collaboration during 1938-1940 with the authoritarian monarch regime. Even though the party leaders had diverging political views, regards to the acceptance or the non-acceptance of the authoritarian regime, the influential PSDR members held leading positions within the single party and the corporate parliament and within the union structures. The positions were offered by the regime, so that the union leaders would stop instigating workers to go on strike, and to accept the governmental policies. The freedom of speech and the political actions were ceded to the monarch, who governed at the place of the political parties and he controlled the unions, by using the guilds.

  2. THE THIRD PARTY CERTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina-Roxana MUNTEANU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of an increasing organic trade worldwide, the organic standards and the certification of the organic practices are ever more important and relevant for both business and consumers. The certification by third parties of the organic operators is meant to ensure the application of an organic standard. However, the documented fraud cases are proof that the current system can undergo further improvement. The current paper gives an overview of the mechanisms of certification and inspection worldwide and discusses the issues raised by third party certification of the organic operators in the European context. Moreover, the paper reviews the major arguments for the effectiveness of the third party certification and also points to the improvement possibilities of the systems.

  3. Online trust building through third party trust transfer and third party protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wandoko, Wanda; Saleh Abbas, Bahtiar; Budiastuti, Dyah; Kosala, Raymond

    2017-03-01

    The primary objective of this research is to develop an online trust building mechanism for SME (Small Medium Enterprise). Trust is very important in e-commerce. The nature of online shopping has a greater uncertainty than offline shopping. Seeing as there is an uncertainty that can produce risks, a prospective buyer’s trust is needed. A lot of people’s unwillingness to shop online is caused by their lack of trust toward e-commerce. E-commerce is said to be one of the ways for SME to compete with bigger companies. However, building trust requires immense time and cost. SME with limited resources may experience difficulties in building trust just with their own resources. Base on literature research that needs to be validated in next research, we found that trust can be built through trust transfer from the reputable and well-known trust-mark issuer, and third party protection such as escrow account service and credit card issuer.

  4. Political Market Orientation and the Network Party Type

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.

    The conceptualisation of a political market orientation (PMO) draws on current marketing thought by focussing on the relationships that exist between the party2 and relevant internal and external stakeholders (Ormrod 2005, 2011a). However, the specific way in which the PMO model is linked...... to the political science literature has until now not been made explicit. The aim of this paper is therefore to demonstrate how Ormrod’s (2005, 2011a) conceptualisation of a PMO can contribute to understanding political science models of party organisation, specifically the ‘Network Party’ developed by Heidar...

  5. An improved model of alliances between political parties

    CERN Document Server

    Bagarello, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    We consider an operatorial model of alliances between three political parties which interact with their electors, with the undecided voters, and with the electors of the other parties. This extends what was done in a previous paper, where this last type of interactions was not considered. Of course, taking them into account makes the system closer to real life. To produce an exactly solvable model, we restrict here to quadratic Hamiltonians, so that the equations of motion turn out to be linear. The dynamics of the so-called {\\em decision functions} are deduced, and some explicit situations are considered in details.

  6. Actively Secure Two-Party Evaluation of Any Quantum Operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupuis, Frédéric; Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Salvail, Louis

    2012-01-01

    We provide the first two-party protocol allowing Alice and Bob to evaluate privately even against active adversaries any completely positive, trace-preserving map , given as a quantum circuit, upon their joint quantum input state . Our protocol leaks no more to any active adversary than an ideal ...... functionality for provided Alice and Bob have the cryptographic resources for active secure two-party classical computation. Our protocol is constructed from the protocol for the same task secure against specious adversaries presented in [4]....

  7. Achieving Energy Efficient Ship Operations Under Third Party Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taudal Poulsen, René; Sornn-Friese, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    of time to produce and provide reliable energy efficiency information cause energy efficiency gaps. The paper brings together the energy efficiency and ship management literatures, demonstrating how ship management models influence energy efficiency in ship operations. Achieving energy efficiency in ship...... operations is particularly challenging under third party ship management. Finally, the paper discusses management implications for shipping companies, which outsource ship management to third parties.......Profitable energy saving measures are often not fully implemented in shipping, causing energy efficiency gaps. The paper identifies energy efficiency gaps in ship operations, and explores their causes. Lack of information on energy efficiency, lack of energy training at sea and onshore and lack...

  8. Three-party quantum secure direct communication against collective noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ye-Feng; Ma, Wen-Ping

    2017-10-01

    Based on logical quantum states, two three-party quantum secure direct communication protocols are proposed, which can realize the exchange of the secret messages between three parties with the help of the measurement correlation property of six-particle entangled states. These two protocols can be immune to the collective-dephasing noise and the collective-rotation noise, respectively; neither of them has information leakage problem. The one-way transmission mode ensures that they can congenitally resist against the Trojan horse attacks and the teleportation attack. Furthermore, these two protocols are secure against other active attacks because of the use of the decoy state technology.

  9. Secure Two-Party Computation with Low Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Kölker, Jonas; Faust, Sebastian

    2012-01-01

    We propose a 2-party UC-secure protocol that can compute any function securely. The protocol requires only two messages, communication that is poly-logarithmic in the size of the circuit description of the function, and the workload for one of the parties is also only poly-logarithmic in the size...... of the circuit. This implies, for instance, delegatable computation that requires no expensive off-line phase and remains secure even if the server learns whether the client accepts its results. To achieve this, we define two new notions of extractable hash functions, propose an instantiation based...

  10. Secure Two-Party Computation with Low Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Faust, Sebastian; Hazay, Carmit

    2011-01-01

    We propose a 2-party UC-secure computation protocol that can compute any function securely. The protocol requires only two messages, communication that is poly-logarithmic in the size of the circuit description of the function, and the workload for one of the parties is also only poly......-logarithmic in the size of the circuit. This implies, for instance, delegatable computation that requires no expensive off-line phase and remains secure even if the server learns whether the client accepts its results. To achieve this, we define a notion of extractable hash functions, propose an instantiation based...

  11. Free Parties and Teknivals: Gift-Exchange and Participation on the Margins of the Market and the State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Petiau

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Translator’s introduction: Anne Petiau’s essay provides an analysis of the many dimensions of participation [to participate, but also to contribute materially] in France’s “free parties” and “teknivals”. Working both historically and ethnographically, she develops this analysis using the theoretical framework of reciprocal gift-exchange, first conceptualized in The Gift [Le Don] by Marcel Mauss (1997 [1950] but also further developed by noted French anthropologists Alain Caillé (2000 and Jacques T. Godbout (2000. Petiau notes that free parties are understood by organizers and attendees to be “free” in both senses of the term—freedom [liberté] as well as “for free” [gratuité]—while nonetheless relying on various forms of financial and in-kind donations from attendees. Notably, the free party itself is characterized by organizers as a gift offered freely to participants. And yet, as studies of gift-exchange suggest, gifts come with “strings attached”, with obligations and expectations of reciprocity. And so, Petiau argues that participants’ donations may not be as optional and freely given as they seem, illustrating how the actors involved in free parties articulate these expectations while reconciling them with the open-access ethos of these events. In addition to this insightful analysis, the essay provides a useful introduction both to the French free party/teknival scene as well as to the anthropology of gift-exchange. Anne Petiau’s article first appeared in French in 2012 as “Free-parties et teknivals. Dans les marges du marché et de l’Etat, système de don et participation”, in Festivals, raves parties, free parties. Histoire des rencontres musicales en France et à l’étranger, N. Bénard (ed., 587–610. Paris: Camion Blanc.Translated by Luis-Manuel Garcia AbstractThrough raves and then subsequently through “free parties” and “teknivals”, French fans of electronic music have developed

  12. The Reach of the Arbitration Agreement to Parties involved in the Same Legal Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Vollbrecht Sperandio

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Complex legal relationships may involve a net of companies, linked to each other by several autonomous contracts, performing works and services towards a single project. If disputes arise, resolving each of them independently may result in incompatible decisions, situation which could hinder the project outcome. Therefore, it might be recommended to resolve these disputes into multi-party proceedings or multiple proceedings before the same arbitral tribunal. In order to achieve the purpose, the proper legal instruments shall be identified and, based on these; a contractual framework has to be tailored.

  13. The Behavior Engineering Model at Work on a Small Scale: Using Task Clarification, Self-Monitoring, and Public Posting To Improve Customer Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, John; Olson, Ryan; Wellisley, Julie Ann

    2001-01-01

    Explains Gilbert's Behavior Engineering Model that can enable the success of novice performance engineers by prompting appropriate front-end analysis and describes a performance improvement project conducted in the customer service department at an insurance agency. Discusses task clarification, employee self-monitoring, and public posting of…

  14. Determining the climate impact of the German government's Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP) and proposing a plan to continuously monitor its climate impact. Work package 3. Description of monitoring tools for the Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP); Ermittlung der Klimaschutzwirkung des Integrierten Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramms der Bundesregierung IEKP und Vorschlag fuer ein Konzept zur kontinuierlichen Ueberpruefung der Klimaschutzwirkung des IEKP. Arbeitspaket 3. Beschreibung des Monitoringtools fuer das Integrierte Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramm (IEKP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doll, Claus; Eichhammer, Wolfgang; Fleiter, Tobias [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung, Karlsruhe (DE)] (and others)

    2012-02-15

    The reports on the Work Packages 1 and 2 describe the development of the monitoring concept for the individual measures of the integrated energy and climate program (IEKP). In the third work package, the monitoring concept was developed in an Excel tool presenting the actual output of the third work package The authors of the contribution under consideration describe the functionality of this Excel tool.

  15. An Empirical Investigation into the Matching Problems among Game Theoretically Coordinating Parties in a Virtual Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Tanweer Abdullah

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Virtual organization emerged as a highly flexible structure in response to the rapidly changing environment of 20th century. This organization consists of independently working parties that combine their best possible resources to exploit the emerging market opportunities. There are no formal control and coordination mechanisms employed by the classical hierarchical structures. Parties, therefore, manage their dependencies on each other through mutual understanding and trust.

    Mathematician John Nash, having significant contributions in Game Theory suggests that in every non-cooperative game there is at least one equilibrium point. At this point, according to him, every strategy of the player represents a response to the others’ strategies. Such equilibria could exist in a virtual organization, at which parties coordinate which each other to optimize their performance.

    Coordination/Matching problems are likely to arise among game theoretically coordinating parties in a virtual organization, mainly due to lack of binding agreements. By identifying and resolving these matching problems, virtual organizations could achieve efficiency and better coordination among parties.  

  16. Monopolizing, Mutualizing, or Muddling Through: Factions and Party Management in Contemporary Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul W. Chambers

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In democracies throughout the world, intra-party factions manifest themselves in parties and governments. Formal and informal institutions have, however, proved crucial in managing factionalism. This is especially true in Thailand’s emerging parliamentary democracy where the management of factionalism has become a major objective for Thai parties. This study explores factions and factionalism as well as how different types of parties try to manage intra-party dissension especially in the case of Thailand. The findings suggest that management style tends to be a function of a party’s organization, with parties which practice a collegial style tending to be the more successful in controlling intra-party cliques over time. At the same time, the most important tools which party leaderships can use to control factions are the careful use of constitutional provisions and manipulation of party finance.

  17. A party leader is in the system of political communications : theory and practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolai V. Morar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigates the place and role of political communication in party leader image-making. The peculiarities of party communication as an important kind of political communication are uncovered. Analyzed types of party communication and gives the characteristic for changes in the context of the common society information. The results of investigation indicate a significant role and importance of party leader in political communications system. One of the most important direction of politics of party leaders are party communication. It is part of a larger concept - political communication. Political communication is a specific type of political relations and is seen as an inseparable element of the political domain of society. The main purpose of the party communication is creating conditions for public policy and public authority through the informational influence of political actors on each other and the social environment. The feature of party communication is that it provides the variety sort of messages and information that circulates within the party between its structural elements and members. Although this information basis on the initiative of the party can be given to the person, citizen, group, to the other party, political actor or political institutions. Understanding the theoretical foundations of party communication, their creative implementation in the development of party circles is the key to the success of the party leader’s activity and authority increasing among the masses.

  18. A requirement analysis for a multi-party conferencing testbed

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijpers, S.A.G.

    2014-01-01

    Current videoconferencing services such as Skype and Google+Hangouts provide mechanisms for engaging in multi-party conversations. Although these services provide basic support, they lack functionalities that take into account the users roles and context. Currently, the multimedia research community

  19. Syria: The Evolution of Party and State, 1975-1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Robert W.

    1983-01-01

    In two decades of Ba'thist rule, Syria has evolved into a centralized, one-party, secular, authoritarian nation-state, which may be destabilized in the 1980s as a result of the conflict in Lebanon and internal Islamic opposition. (RM)

  20. 49 CFR 1114.26 - Written interrogatories to parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... (d) Limitation under simplified standards. In a case using the Three-Benchmark methodology, each.... (b) Option to produce business records. Where the answer to an interrogatory may be derived or ascertained from the business records of the party upon whom the interrogatory has been served or from an...