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Sample records for molekulyarnoe stroenie paramagnitnykh

  1. On kinetics of paramagnetic radiation defects accumulation in beryllium ceramics; O kinetike nakopleniya paramagnitnykh radiatsionnykh defektov v berillievykh keramikakh

    Polyakov, A I; Ryabikin, Yu A; Zashkvara, O V; Bitenbaev, M I; Petykhov, Yu V [Fiziko-Tekhnicheskij Inst., Almaty (Kazakhstan); Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii, Kurchatov (Kazakhstan)

    1999-07-01

    Results of paramagnetic radiation defects concentration dependence study in beryllium ceramics from gamma-irradiation dose ({sup 60}Co) within interval 0-100 Mrem are cited. Obtained dose dependence has form of accumulation curve with saturation typical of for majority of solids (crystals, different polymers, organic substances and others) , in which under irradiation occur not only formation of paramagnetic radiation defects, but its destruction due to recombination and interaction with radiation fields. Analysis of accumulation curve by the method of distant asymptotics allows to determine that observed in gamma-irradiated beryllium ceramics double line of electron spin resonance is forming of two types of paramagnetic radiation defects. It was defined, that sum paramagnetic characteristics of beryllium ceramics within 1-100 Mrad gamma- irradiation dose field change insignificantly and define from first type of paramagnetic radiation defects.

  2. About kinetics of paramagnetic radiation malformations in beryllium ceramics; O kinetike nakopleniya paramagnitnykh radiatsionnykh defectov v berillievykh keramikakh

    Polyakov, A I; Ryabinkin, Yu A; Zashkvara, O V; Bitenbaev, M I [Fiziko-tekhniucheskij Inst. Ministerstva Nauki i Vysshego Obrazovaniya Respubliki Kazakhstan, Almaty (Kazakhstan); Petukhov, Yu V [Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii Natsional' nogo Yadernogo Tsentra Respubliki Kazakhstan, Almaty (Kazakhstan)

    1999-07-01

    This paper [1] specifies that {gamma}-radiation of the beryllium-oxide-based ceramics results in development of paramagnetic radiation malformations emerging the ESR spectrum in form of doublet with the splitting rate of oestrasid {delta}{approx}1.6 and g-factor of 2.008. This report presents evaluation outcomes of dependence of paramagnetic radiation malformations concentration in beryllium ceramics on gamma-radiation dose ({sup 60}Co) within the range of 0-100 Mrad. Total paramagnetic parameters of beryllium ceramics in the range 0-100 Mrad of gamma-radiation dose varied slightly, and were specified by the first type of paramagnetic radiation malformations.

  3. Composition and structure of solid-phase carriers of activity in soils of the exclusion zone.; Stroenie i sostav tverdofaznykh nositelej aktivnosti v pochvakh Zony otchuzhdeniya ChAEhS.

    Bondarenko, G N; Dolin, V V; Val` ter, A A; Tikhanov, Eh K [AN Ukrainskoj SSR, Kiev (Ukraine). Inst. Geokhimii i Fiziki Mineralov; [Nauchno-Proizvodstvennoe Ob` ` edinenie Pripyat` , Chernobyl (Ukraine)

    1994-12-31

    From four different soils in the exclusion Chernobyl zone 35 << hot >> particles were picked out, their radionuclide and substance composition was investigated. To estimate a specific quantity of solid-phase carriers of activity we have calculated a ratio of activities of {sup 144} Ce and {sup 137} Cs in soils to the particles. Substance composition of the << hot >> particles investigated by the methods of electronic microscopy.

  4. The geological processes time scale of the Ingozersky block TTG complex (Kola Peninsula)

    Nitkina, Elena

    2013-04-01

    complex rocks, the following age-formation stages are determined: protolith of the biotite gneisses - 3149±46 Ma; metamorphism, deformation of rocks, foliation - 2727±5 - 2725±2 - 2697±9 - 2667±7 Ma, granite bodies formation - 2615±8 Ma and biotite gneisses migmatization - 2549±30 Ma, formation of different pegmatite and granite veins -1644±7 Ma. Author are grateful to Akad. Mitrofanov F.P. and Bayanova T.B. for the consultations. The work is supported by RFBR 12-05-31063, 11-05-00570. 1.Batieva I.D., Belkov I.V. Granitoidnie formacii Kolskogo poluostrova. // Ocgerki po petrologiy, mineralogiy i metallogeniy Kolskogo poluostrova. L.: Nauka. 1968. p. 5-143. (in russian) 2. Belkov I.V., Zagorodny V.G., Predovsky A.A. et al. Stratigraficheskoe raschlenenie i korrelyacia dokembria severo-vostochoi chasty Baltiyskogo shita. L.: Nauka. 1971. p. 141-150. (in russian) 3. Docembriskaya tektonica severo-vostochoi chasty Baltiyskogo shita (Ob'asnitelnaya zapiska k tektonicheskoi karte severo-vostochoi chasty Baltiyskogo shita 1:500000) / ed.: F.P.Mitrofanov. Apatity: KFAN SSSR. 1992. 112 P. (in russian) 4. Zagorodny V.G., Radchenko A.T. Tectonika i glubinnoe stroenie severo-vostochoi chasty Baltiyskogo shita. Apatity: KFA SSSR. 1978. p. 3-12. (in russian) 5. Kozlov N.E., Sorohtin N.O., Glaznev V.N. et al. Geologia Arhea Baltiskogo shita. S.Pb.: Nauka. 2006. 329 p. (in russian) 6. Mitrofanov F.P. Sovremennie problemy i nekotorie resheniya dokembriskoy geologii kratonov. (2001) Litosphera.2001. V 1. P. 5-14. (in russian) 7. Ob'asnitelnaya zapiska k geologicheskoy karte severo-vostochoi chasty Baltiyskogo shita 1:500000 / ed.: F.P.Mitrofanov. Apatity: KFAN SSSR. 1994. 95 P. (in russian) 8. Haritonov L.Y. Structura i stratigraphia karelid vostoka Baltiskogo shita. M.: Nedra. 1966. 354 P. (in russian)

  5. The Role of Free-Radicals in the Radiation Vulcanizing of Elastomers; Role des radicaux libres dans la vulcanisation radiochimique des elastomeres; O roli svobodnykh radikalov v protsesse radiatsionnoj vulkanizatsii ehlastomerov; Papel de los radicales libres en la radiovulcanizacion de los elastomeros

    Kuz' minskij, A. S.; Fedoseeva, T. E.; Chertkova, V. F.

    1963-11-15

    izlucheniya v poslednee vremya ispol'zuetsya dlya sozdaniya promyshlennykh protsessov vulkanizatsii rezinovykh izdelij. Issledovateli udelyayut dostatochno bol'shoe vnimanie voprosam mekhanizma obrazovaniya trekhmernoj setki pod dejstviem izlucheniya; odnako do sikh por nedostatochno izucheny nachal'nye i promezhutochnye stadii radiatsionno-khimicheskikh reaktsij, vedushchikh k zashivaniyu molekulyarnykh tsepej, kotorye svyazany s obrazovaniem i gibel'yu svobodnykh radikalov, ion-radikalov i vozbuzhdennykh molekul. Izuchenie struktury i svojstv ehtikh chastits stalo vozmozhnym tol'ko s razrabotkoj i shirokim ispol'zovaniem metoda ehlektronnogo paramagnitnogo rezonansa (EHPR), pozvolyayushchego poluchit' neposredstvennuyu informatsiyu o strukture i svojstvakh paramagnitnykh chastits. Issledovanie protsessov rekombinatsii svobodnykh radikalov v linejnykh polimerakh daet vozmozhnost' podojti neposredstvenno k mekhanizmu radiatsionnoj vulkanizatsii. V poslednee vremya poyavilas' tendentsiya ispol'zovat' ioniziruyushchee izluchenie dlya vulkanizatsii sernykh vulkanizatov, tak kak sochetanie sernykh i uglerodnykh poperechnykh svyazej daet maksimal'noe uluchshenie fiziko-mekhanicheskikh svojstv izdelij. V svyaz'i s ehtoj novoj problemoj predstavlyalo interes izuchenie kineticheskikh svojstv svobodnykh radikalov v polimerakh s razvitoj prostranstvennoj strukturoj. Podrobno isledovalis' protsessy rekombinatsii svobodnykh radikalov, poluchennykh u-oblucheniem, v svyazi so strukturnymi osobennostyami linejnykh i sshitykh polimerov, a imenno - orientatsiej i vnutrennej podvizhnost'yu molekulyarnykh tsepej. V vysokoehlasticheskikh polimerakh tipa kauchukov, kharakterizukhshchikhsya bol'shoj vnutrennej podvizhnost'yu tsepej i maloj ehnergiej mezhmolekulyarnykh svyazej, pri temperaturakh vyshe T akty rekombinatsii svobodnykh radikalov osushchestvlyayutsya s ochen' bol'shimi skorostyami. Kontsentratsiya radikalov v obraztsakh kauchukov, obluchennykh v zhidkom azote, umen'shaetsya pri

  6. Rapid Estimation of Fast-Neutron Doses following Radiation Exposure in Criticality Accidents: The S{sup 32}(n, p)P{sup 32} Reaction in Body Hair; Prompte Evaluation des Doses de Neutrons Rapides apres une Exposition au Rayonnement a la Suite d'Accidents de Criticite: Reaction {sup 32}S(n, p){sup 32}P dans le Systeme Pileux; 0411 042b 0421 0414 ; Evaluacion Acelerada de Dosis de Neutrones Rapidos Despues de una Irradiacion Consecutiva a un Accidente de Criticidad: La Reaccion {sup 32}S(n, p){sup 32}P en el Pelo

    Petersen, D. F. [Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, University of California, Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    1965-06-15

    dlja celej predvaritel'noj ocenki trebuetsja priblizitel'no shest' chasov. V rezul'tate provedenija jeksperimentov s ispol'zovaniem chetko opredelennyh spektrov delenija na nejekranirovannoj kriticheskoj sborke postojanno imelas' vozmozhnost' dat' ocenku nejtronnoj dozy v predelah {+-}10% v ramkah jetalonnoj dozimetrii. Bolee togo, opredelennoe anatomicheskoe stroenie obrazcov volos daet vozmozhnost' umen'shit' orientaciju i asimmetriju obluchenija v rezul'tate sravnenija otnositel'nyh udel'nyh aktivnostej obrazcov v razlichnyh chastjah organizma. Opyt raboty vo vremja treh jadernyh avarij v sostojanii kritichnosti, privedshih k zhertvam, pokazal, chto v kazhdom sluchae obluchenie bylo'zametno asimmetrichnym. Tak, v rezul'tate izmenenij soderzhanija R{sup 32} v volosah priobretaetsja cennaja dopolnitel'naja informacija dlja sravnenija so srednimi ocenkami nejtronnogo obluchenija vsego organizma, osnovannymi na izmerenijah soderzhanija Na{sup 24} v krovi. Ocenki vyhoda produktov delenija, osnovannye na metodah deduktivnoj geometrii, v kazhdom sluchae nahodilis' v horoshem soglasii s provedennymi nezavisimo opredelenijami obshhego vyhoda produktov delenija bolee obychnymi analiticheskimi metodami. Dlja bystrogo priblizitel'nogo opredelenija dozy bystryh nejtronov velichina aktivnosti R{sup 32} v rasp/min/g v volosah pri T = 0 pri ljuboj sisteme scheta izvestnoj jeffektivnosti prosto umnozhaetsja na kojefficient 0,49 dlja poluchenija velichiny nejtronnoj dozy v radah, vyrazhennoj v vide ''urovnja sery''. (author)