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Sample records for moldova neb tulevikku

  1. Euroopa kaks tulevikku / Joschka Fischer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fischer, Joschka, 1948-

    2007-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Euroopa Liidu tulevikku, põhiseaduse lepingu väljavaateid ja rõhutab EL-i vajadust toime tulla üleilmsete väljakutsetega, sest 21. sajandil jätkub suurte riikide nagu Hiina, India, USA ja Jaapani tõus. EL-il on kaks võimalust: kas maailmaga kaasa minna või hääbuda, kirjutab autor

  2. Quantitative Analysis of Range Image Patches by NEB Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Wen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze sampled high dimensional data with the NEB method from a range image database. Select a large random sample of log-valued, high contrast, normalized, 8×8 range image patches from the Brown database. We make a density estimator and we establish 1-dimensional cell complexes from the range image patch data. We find topological properties of 8×8 range image patches, prove that there exist two types of subsets of 8×8 range image patches modelled as a circle.

  3. University Institutional Autonomy in Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Bugaian, Larisa

    This book introduces four evaluation studies in which the current status of university institutional autonomy in Moldova is evaluated. For the purpose of these evaluation studies, a research methodology was developed by the EUniAM project team and used by the Task Force teams to collect and analy...... in Moldova. Preliminary findings of the evaluation studies were presented at the International Conference on “A Quest to (Re)define University Autonomy” organized by the EUniAM project. At the same time, these findings had an impact on the context of the new Code of Education....... the data. Unobtrusive data in the form of laws regulating directly or indirectly the higher education system in Moldova, governmental and ministerial decrees, university chapters and organizational structures, and education records were collected and analysed. A total number of 144 documents have been...

  4. Evaluation of NEB energy markets and supply monitoring function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-09-01

    Canada's National Energy Board regulates the exports of oil, natural gas, natural gas liquids and electricity. It also regulates the construction, operation and tolls of international and interprovincial pipelines and power lines. It also monitors energy supply and market developments in Canada. The Board commissioned an evaluation of the monitoring function to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of the monitoring activities, to identify gaps in these activities and to propose recommendations. The objectives of the monitoring mandate are to provide Canadians with information regarding Canadian energy markets, energy supply and demand, and to ensure that exports of natural gas, oil, natural gas liquids and electricity do not occur at the detriment of Canadian energy users. The Board ensures that Canadians have access to domestically produced energy on terms that are as favourable as those available to export buyers. The following recommendations were proposed to improve the monitoring of energy markets and supply: (1) increase focus and analysis on the functioning of gas (first priority) and other commodity markets, (2) increase emphasis on forward-looking market analysis and issue identification, (3) demonstrate continued leadership by encouraging public dialogue on a wide range of energy market issues, (4) improve communication and increase visibility of the NEB within the stakeholder community, (5) build on knowledge management and organizational learning capabilities, (6) improve communication and sharing of information between the Applications and Commodities Business Units, and (7) enhance organizational effectiveness of the Commodities Business Unit. figs

  5. The natural insect peptide Neb-colloostatin induces ovarian atresia and apoptosis in the mealworm Tenebrio molitor

    OpenAIRE

    Czarniewska, Elżbieta; Rosiński, Grzegorz; Gabała, Elżbieta; Kuczer, Mariola

    2014-01-01

    Background The injection of Neb-colloostatin into T. molitor females causes gonadoinhibitory effects on ovarian development. This peptide inhibits intercellular space formation (patency) in follicular epithelium and results in slowed vitellogenesis, delayed ovulation, reduced number of eggs laid and presumably cell death in the terminal follicles. However, as does the form of cell death in the terminal follicle, the mode of action of Neb-colloostatin remains unknown. Results We tested Neb-col...

  6. Environmental performance reviews. Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    This environmental performance review document for Moldova presents assessments of existing environmental policies; management of air, water and land pollutions originating from various sources including energy production and utilization. It also contains policy recommendations foe implementation by Moldovan Government

  7. Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Woehrel, Steven

    2004-01-01

    .... policy makers, including trafficking in persons and weapons. This short report provides information and analysis on Moldova, including its political and economic situation, foreign policy, and on U.S...

  8. Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Woehrel, Steven

    2005-01-01

    .... policy makers, including trafficking in persons and weapons. This short report provides information and analysis on Moldova, including its political and economic situation, foreign policy, and on U.S...

  9. The pro-apoptotic action of the peptide hormone Neb-colloostatin on insect haemocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czarniewska, E; Mrówczynska, L; Kuczer, M; Rosinski, G

    2012-12-15

    The gonadoinhibitory peptide hormone Neb-colloostatin was first isolated from ovaries of the flesh fly Neobellieria bullata. This 19-mer peptide is thought to be a cleaved product of a collagen-like precursor molecule that is formed during remodelling of the extracellular matrix. In this study, we report that upon injection of picomolar and nanomolar doses, this peptide exerts a pro-apoptotic action on haemocytes of Tenebrio molitor adults, as visualized by changes in morphology and viability. The F-actin cytoskeleton was found to aggregate into distinctive patches. This may be responsible for the observed inhibition of adhesion of haemocytes and for the stimulation of filopodia formation. However, Neb-colloostatin injection did not induce the formation of autophagic vacuoles. Our results suggest that physiological concentrations of Neb-colloostatin play an important role in controlling the quantity and activity of haemocytes in insect haemolymph. They also suggest that during periods in which Neb-colloostatin is released, this peptide may cause a weakening of the insects' immune system. This is the first report that exposure to a peptide hormone causes apoptosis in insect haemocytes.

  10. Anti-inflationary measures in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Еcaterina BARBAROȘ

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the essence of the causes of inflation in Moldova and the methods of dealing with them nowadays. The analysis of the dynamics of inflation in Moldova in the period 2012-2016 is alsounderteken.

  11. Paet offers full support to Moldova / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2010-01-01

    Välisminister Urmas Paet võttis osa Chişinăus toimunud Euroopa Liidu riikide välisministrite Moldova sõprade rühma kohtumisest, kus räägiti Moldova tegutsemisest Euroopa Liidu suunal. Välisministrid kohtusid ka Moldova peaministri Vladimir Filati ja riigi välisministri Iurie Leancaga

  12. Radiation safety actuality in Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuharuk, E.S.

    2011-01-01

    Radioecological monitoring issues and radiation safety are actual in the Republic of Moldova. Japan events show us the possibility of natural disasters. Republic of Moldova is surrounded by 8 NPPs, the closest being at the distance of 160 km. Moldovas territory is in seismic zone where underground earthquake shocks reaches 7 points or more. Thatis why radiation safety and radioecological monitoring is actual in our republic. Traces of Chernobyl were left in Moldovas soils. The fallouts of radio nuclides formed on the soil surfaces in the Republic of Moldova following the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station Accident have been continuously affected by attacks of both natural and technicaly generated agents since the time of fallout. During the past decade a shift in emphasis has taken place regarding the need for more complete and accurate information on reservoir sedimentation. Classical sedimentation surveys involve repeated field measurement and, therefore, this is probably the most costly and time consuming method. The application of radio nuclides, particularly Cs 137, for water erosion and sedimentation studies in Republic of Moldova has not been attempted so far. This paper presents the results obtained on reservoir sedimentation rates in an area subjected to wide range in land degradation dy sheet-rill erosion. The profil characteristics support the assumption that in most undisturbed sites there is a sharp decline in Cs 137 activity with increasing dept. Such an asymmetrical distribution of the Cs 137 would suggest a standard pattern in the form of a cantilever. If the validity of this assamption is accepted it is possible to define two major types of Cs 137 cantilever distribution: shallow and deep buried cantilever. The main criterion in classifying these pattents lies generally in the shape of Cs 137 depth profile and particularly in burial magnitude of Cs 137 peak derived from Chernobyl. Hills area has been impacted by greatest sendimentation. This regional

  13. Evaluation of Existing Situation of University Institutional Autonomy in Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Bugaian, Larisa; Gulieva, Valeria

    2014-01-01

    This chapter introduces four studies in which the current status of university institutional autonomy in Moldova is evaluated. At the same time it discusses the methodology employed in the study, provide a brief introduction to the higher education sector in Moldova and summaries key findings fro...... the evaluation of organizational, financial, HR and academic autonomy in Moldova.......This chapter introduces four studies in which the current status of university institutional autonomy in Moldova is evaluated. At the same time it discusses the methodology employed in the study, provide a brief introduction to the higher education sector in Moldova and summaries key findings from...

  14. Attributable effects from information and outreach programs: Net to gross, NEBs, and beyond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freeman, David Juri; Skumatz, Lisa A. [Skumatz Economic Research Associates, Inc. (SERA) (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Education, outreach, advertising, and training programs provide particular difficulties in evaluation, as they focus on modifying behaviors and purchases rather than directly installing measures. This paper summarizes the results of a literature review of more than 80 studies evaluating strengths and weaknesses of evaluation work on outreach and education programs. Then, the paper presents the results of several applications of advanced evaluation techniques that are being applied to outreach, education, and training programs. This paper provides the results from detailed net-to-gross (NTG) and non-energy benefits (NEB) evaluations of outreach, training, and education programs, including:A training and education geared toward commercial architects and engineers; Two similar programs geared toward residential builders and remodelers; Residential appliance-related education and outreach programs (Energy Star); and An information-based university program.We provide information from detailed evaluations of the share of energy savings and attributable effects that are due to the program's efforts (net-to-gross ratio), and the non-energy benefits (NEBs) recognized by participants. These results augment the usual evaluation studies, and provide insights that can guide informational, outreach, and training programs to maximize their effectiveness. The attribution and NEB results provide a fuller picture of the benefits from the program, support more sophisticated benefit-cost analysis, provide direction for maximizing program 'bang for the buck', and help support program decision-making and marketing.

  15. THE MOLDOVA VEGETATION EXPOSITION FROM THE BOTANICAL GARDEN OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    POSTOLACHE GHEORGHE

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Construction phases of the Moldova Vegetation Exposition from the Botanical Garden of Chişinău are presented. Twelve forest micro-expositions, one steppe vegetation exposition, one grassland micro-exposition and an area of rare plants have been created during last 35 year on an area of 14 ha. The Moldova Vegetation Exposition includes 400 species of vascular plants.

  16. Moldova versus Russian Hybrid Threat: A Question of National Will

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    Moldova unification with Romania in 1918 ....................................................11 Figure 3. Transnistria Separatist Region...Figure 2. Moldova unification with Romania in 1918 Source: A1 News, “Evolutia Teritoriala a Romaniei,” accessed January 15, 2016, http://a1.ro...square kilometers. Moldova borders with Romania in the West and with Ukraine in the North, East, and South. There are two main rivers–Prut and Nistru

  17. NEB in Analysis of Optical Flow 4 x 4 and 6 x 6-Patches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xia, Shengxiang; Liang, Di

    2017-01-01

    We apply the nudged elastic band technique to non-lineal high-dimensional datasets, we analyze spaces of 4 x 4 and 6 x 6 optical flow patches and detect their topological properties. We experimentally prove that subsets of 4 x 4 and 6 x 6 optical flow patches can be modeled a circle, which confirm some results of 4 x 4 and 6 x 6 optical flow patches by using a new method-NEB, and expend Adams et al's result to larger patches of optical flow. (paper)

  18. MOLDOVA: MISSED ADVANTAGES OF EURASIAN INTEGRATION

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    Ludmila Vasiljevna Fokina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to potentially missed advantages of Eurasian integration (EAEU for Moldova. Special attention is given to the branches in which the country could get evident advantages including agriculture, power engineering, external trade ties with the EAEU countries. Possible positive effects of Eurasian integration in solution of the Transnistrian problem, in the sphere of labour migration and other fields are also shown.

  19. The natural insect peptide Neb-colloostatin induces ovarian atresia and apoptosis in the mealworm Tenebrio molitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czarniewska, Elżbieta; Rosiński, Grzegorz; Gabała, Elżbieta; Kuczer, Mariola

    2014-01-30

    The injection of Neb-colloostatin into T. molitor females causes gonadoinhibitory effects on ovarian development. This peptide inhibits intercellular space formation (patency) in follicular epithelium and results in slowed vitellogenesis, delayed ovulation, reduced number of eggs laid and presumably cell death in the terminal follicles. However, as does the form of cell death in the terminal follicle, the mode of action of Neb-colloostatin remains unknown. We tested Neb-colloostatin for a sterilizing effect on females of Tenebrio molitor. We report that injection of nanomolar doses of Neb-colloostatin induce ovarian follicle atresia in 4-day old females during their first gonadotropic cycle. Light microscope observations revealed morphological changes in the ovary: after Neb-colloostatin injection the terminal oocytes are significantly smaller and elicit massive follicle resorption, but the control terminal follicles possess translucent ooplasm in oocytes at different stages of vitellogenesis. A patency is visible in follicular epithelium of the control vitellogenic oocytes, whereas peptide injection inhibits intercellular space formation and, in consequence, inhibits vitellogenesis. Confocal and electron microscope examination showed that peptide injection causes changes in the morphology indicating death of follicular cells. We observed F-actin cytoskeleton disorganization, induction of caspase activity, changes in chromatin organization and autophagic vacuole formation. Moreover, the apical cytoplasm of follicular cells is filled with numerous free ribosomes, probably indicating a higher demand for protein biosynthesis, especially in preparation for autophagic vacuole formation. On the other hand, the process of polyribosomes formation is inhibited, indicating the contributing effect of this hormone. Neb-colloostatin induces atresia in the mealworm ovary. Degeneration of T. molitor follicles includes changes in morphology and viability of follicular cells, and

  20. The natural insect peptide Neb-colloostatin induces ovarian atresia and apoptosis in the mealworm Tenebrio molitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background The injection of Neb-colloostatin into T. molitor females causes gonadoinhibitory effects on ovarian development. This peptide inhibits intercellular space formation (patency) in follicular epithelium and results in slowed vitellogenesis, delayed ovulation, reduced number of eggs laid and presumably cell death in the terminal follicles. However, as does the form of cell death in the terminal follicle, the mode of action of Neb-colloostatin remains unknown. Results We tested Neb-colloostatin for a sterilizing effect on females of Tenebrio molitor. We report that injection of nanomolar doses of Neb-colloostatin induce ovarian follicle atresia in 4-day old females during their first gonadotropic cycle. Light microscope observations revealed morphological changes in the ovary: after Neb-colloostatin injection the terminal oocytes are significantly smaller and elicit massive follicle resorption, but the control terminal follicles possess translucent ooplasm in oocytes at different stages of vitellogenesis. A patency is visible in follicular epithelium of the control vitellogenic oocytes, whereas peptide injection inhibits intercellular space formation and, in consequence, inhibits vitellogenesis. Confocal and electron microscope examination showed that peptide injection causes changes in the morphology indicating death of follicular cells. We observed F-actin cytoskeleton disorganization, induction of caspase activity, changes in chromatin organization and autophagic vacuole formation. Moreover, the apical cytoplasm of follicular cells is filled with numerous free ribosomes, probably indicating a higher demand for protein biosynthesis, especially in preparation for autophagic vacuole formation. On the other hand, the process of polyribosomes formation is inhibited, indicating the contributing effect of this hormone. Conclusion Neb-colloostatin induces atresia in the mealworm ovary. Degeneration of T. molitor follicles includes changes in morphology and

  1. Poverty Reduction and Shared Prosperity in Moldova : Progress and Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2016-01-01

    Moldova has experienced rapid economic growth in the past decade, which has been accompanied by reductions in poverty and good performance in shared prosperity. Nonetheless, Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in Europe and faces challenges in sustaining the progress. The challenges for progress include spatial and cross-group inequalities, particularly because of unequal access t...

  2. Dynamics of neuroepithelial body (NEB) formation in developing hamster lung: Light microscopic autoradiography after 3H-thymidine labeling in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoyt, R.F. Jr.; McNelly, N.A.; Sorokin, S.P.

    1990-01-01

    Autoradiographs were prepared from lungs of a newborn Syrian golden hamster exposed continuously to 3H-thymidine for the final 4.5 days of a normal 16 day gestation. Silver grains were counted over nuclei of 1,298 small-granule endocrine cells in 165 neuroepithelial bodies (NEBs) in the right upper lobe and along the left axial bronchus, where nodal NEBs occurred at branch points and internodal NEBs in the airway between them. Nuclei of 1,005 nonendocrine airway epithelial cells were counted next to the NEBs. Label was distributed differently in the two populations: All nonendocrine cells were labeled, whereas many endocrine cells were not. In NEBs of the right upper lobe, total label (net grains/nuclear profile) averaged only 23% of that in nonendocrine cells. Along the left axial bronchus, mean label in nonendocrine cells and internodal NEBs rose 10-fold between the hilum and the periphery. Increases for both populations were linear and parallel, but total label in the NEBs was consistently lower than that in the surrounding epithelium by 15 grains/nuclear profile. Nodal NEBs were more lightly labeled than those of the internodes, consistent with their earlier formation. A few very heavily labeled small-granule cells (0.9%) occurred singly in the periphery of large, otherwise lightly labeled NEBs. In contrast to NEBs, neurons in 10 bronchial ganglia of the right lung were virtually unlabeled. These arise from vagal neural crest and seem to comprise an entirely distinct population. We conclude that NEBs belong intrinsically to pulmonary endoderm, not neural crest. During fetal life each develops from a cell or cells programmed to stop dividing well ahead of other elements in the epithelium. Their formation is linked closely to early proliferation of the bronchial tree and is an integral part of growth and differentiation of the airway lining

  3. Nuclear and radiological regulation in Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buzdugan, Artur

    2013-01-01

    The nuclear security and safety legal framework in Moldova has changed significantly over the last 6 years. This has mainly been the result of implementation of IAEA nuclear safety and nuclear security standards, European directives, which are based on new data and evolving concepts at the international level, on adopted in May 2006 of the Law no. 111 On safe deployment of nuclear and radiological activities and establishing on established on March 2007 of a sole regulatory authority - the National Agency for the Regulation of Nuclear and Radiological Activities. (author)

  4. INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGES ON WATER RESOURCES IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Ivanov

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to analyze the current state of affairs with water resources in Moldova, the challenges it faces for its national human and economic development, having in mind that the water resources are quite limited in Moldova, which encounters pollution, degradation influenced by climate change and unwise human activity to their biodiversity and ecosystems, availability and accessibility. It also attempts to highlight the relationship between climate change and water resources in Moldova, which has adverse effects on both environment and people’s health, and raise significant hurdles to the international, regional and sectoral development.

  5. WHAT DRIVES HIGH COST OF FINANCE IN MOLDOVA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Stratan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Why there are high costs to finance in Republic of Moldova? Is it a problem for business environment?These are the questions discussed in this paper. Following the well know Growth Diagnostics approach byHausmann, Rodrik and Velasco, authors assess the barriers and impediments to access to finance in Republic ofMoldova. Guided by international and national statistics we found evidence of poor intermediation, poorinstitutions, high level of inflation, and high collateral as major causes of high cost of financial resources inRepublic of Moldova. At the end of the study authors give policy recommendations identifying other related fieldsto be addressed.

  6. A Solution to Moldova's Transdniestrian Conflict: Regional Complex Interdependence

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mija, Valeriu

    2003-01-01

    .... In the case of the Transdniestrian conflict in the Republic of Moldova, mediators have found it difficult to achieve internal agreement because external factors also have played a significant role during the conflict...

  7. Researches in Artificial Intelligence in Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Yu. Pechersky

    1994-01-01

    The article presents a review of researches in the field of Artificial Intelligence in Republic of Moldova concerning pattern recognition and also theory and applications of intellectual knowledge based systems.

  8. Researches in Artificial Intelligence in Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. Pechersky

    1994-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a review of researches in the field of Artificial Intelligence in Republic of Moldova concerning pattern recognition and also theory and applications of intellectual knowledge based systems.

  9. Republic of Moldova on the European Pathway / Iurie Gotisan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gotisan, Iurie

    2006-01-01

    Moldova Vabariik oli üks esimesi iseseisvunud endisi Nõukogude Liidu vabariike. Riigi areng 90-ndatel. Arvesse võttes geopoliitilisi, majanduslikke ja sotsiaalseid väärtusi on riigi sihiks Euroopa Liidu liikmelisus

  10. ECONOMIC RELATIONS BETWEEN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bestenigar KARA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The topic of article is bilateral economical and foreign trade relations between Turkey, which has started to apply outward-oriented economic policies since globalization and Moldova, which has done market transition after breaking up with the Soviet Union. Within this frame, the subject of article has been searched in depth as follows: general overview of Turkey’s economic relations, overall picture of Moldovan-Turkish relations, short exposition of Moldovan economy and bilateral economic and foreign trade relations of Moldova and Turkey. The topic of article is a current issue. Because Moldova, which is closed to Turkey in terms of geography, culture and history always has been an attractive country politico-economically for Turkey since its independence. Bilateral economic relations starting with shuttle trade have formalized and further developed and Turkey became as one of top ten biggest economic and trade partner of Moldova. On this basis, the aim of study is to elucidate foreign trade of Turkey with Moldova and to compare performances of Turkey by years and by other countries, which have remarkable domination in Moldovan market. Within this scope, bilateral trade volume of Moldova and Turkey has increased year by year considering the past decade, which makes Turkey as the 7th largest import and 8th export partner of Moldova. Turkey aims to be one of the first three biggest economic partner of Moldova after entry into force of Free Trade Agreement (FTA, which was signed by both countries in 2014 to increase foreign trade volume up to 1 billion US dollars.

  11. Public Perceptions of Human Trafficking in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill Robinson

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Human trafficking is a widely studied phenomenon. Comparing public perceptions of trafficking to institutional (i.e. the academy, governmental and non-governmental organizations perceptions gives a richer understanding of the problem. The data for this study were collected in and around Chisinau, Moldova in the summer of 2004. Public discourse provides a more intimate "portraiture" of the issue, but the public also demonstrated a complex level of understanding of this social problem in this study. Its view is juxtaposed against an institutional view of human trafficking as explored through a literature review. Combining institutional and public perceptions and knowledge of a social problem is helpful in not only establishing a more thorough understanding of the social problem and guiding policy decisions, but in exploring the experiences victims may face at the community level.

  12. The Danube - the Southern Border of Moldova. Historical Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruslan Șevcenco

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available For centuries the Danube was the southern border of Moldova. Moldova had the following ports: Chile, Izmail, Reni, Galati and others. This has contributed significantly to the economic development. Turkish authorities, becoming aware of the Danube immense importance at the trade, economic, and military-political level, partly conquered the Danube bay, which belonged to Moldova. In order to reduce the influence of Moldova, the Ottoman Empire created its own boundaries on this territory. Although divided into two (the east side was occupied by the Russian army, Moldova regained access on Danube at its previous borders, starting with the liquidation of the Turks domination. But in 1940 under the influence of Nikita Khrushchev, who had the position of first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik of Ukraine, the counties adjacent to the Danube - the territory between the Prut and Nistru - were transferred to Ukraine and its membership remained until the present days. The current authorities had managed to keep only a small segment of the Danube bay. In this article we will elucidate how for centuries the Moldovan authorities have struggled to maintain a part of the Danube's bay.

  13. THE INVASIVE COLEOPTEROFAUNA FOR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asea M. Timuş

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The invasive coleopterofauna for Republic of Moldova consists of the 100 species. After correlation local database with Fauna Europaea for our country registered are 31 of species, but for 69 mentioned with the „absent” and 38 „no date”. In the meantime 24 species were recorded for our country: Acanthoscelides abtectus, A.pallidipennis, Alphitobius diaperinus, Alphitophagus bifasciatus, Bruchus pisorum, B.rufimanus, Caulophilus latinasus, Diabrotica virgifera, Gnathocerus cornutus, Harmonia axyridis, Lasioderma serricorne, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Lignyodes bischoffi, Lithocharis nigriceps, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, S. oryzae, S. zeamais, Tenebrio molitor, Tenebrioides mauritanicus, Tribolium castaneum, T. destructor, Trogoderma granarium. According periods penetration the invasive beetles it was found that 2 species have entered the XVIII century, 16 species in the XIX, 53 species in the XX and 29 species in the XXI century. The registration invasive beetles in countries of interest to the our country is in: Bulgaria – 54 species; Poland – 39; România – 3; other countries- 4.

  14. THE POLLUTION SPECTRUM OF OLD PESTICIDES STORAGES IN MOLDOVA

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    Duca Gh.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The inventory of old pesticide storages in Moldova executed by Ministry of Environment and World Bank showed a large quantity of polluted sites (near 1500 remains after the repacking and evacuation project. This work was made first of all for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs. More that 15 % sites were determined as extra high polluted territory with the POPs concentration in soil more 50,0 mg/kg. They include some of the world's most harmful chemicals including highly toxic pesticides such as HCH, DDT; industrial chemicals such as PCBs. The management of domestic and hazardous wastes is considered as one of the most urgent environmental problems in Moldova.

  15. Remittances in the Republic of Moldova:Lost opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel CHISTRUGA

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article covers the problem of the relationship between remittances and economic growth as well as the use of remittances for productive investment in order to contribute to long-run development. Also, there are given some stylized facts of remittances in the Republic of Moldova and their impact over the national economy. Because of its business and investment climate, because of its financial system and macroeconomic policies that were conducted, Moldova has lost almost all opportunities to benefit from remittances.

  16. A possible connection between post-subduction arc magmatism and adakite-NEB rock association in Baja California, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, P. R.

    2007-05-01

    Late Miocene to Recent arc-related magmatism occurs in Baja California, Mexico despite the cessation of plate subduction along its western margin at ~12.5 Ma. It includes calcalkaline and K-rich andesites, tholeiitic basalts and basaltic andesites, alkalic basalts similar to many ocean island basalts (OIB), magnesian and basaltic andesites with adakitic affinity (bajaiites), adakites, and Nb-enriched basalts (NEB). A popular model for the close spatial and temporal association of adakite (plus bajaiite) and NEB in Baja California is these are due to melting of the subducted Farallon/Cocos plate, which in turn is caused by the influx of hot asthenospheric mantle through a window created in the subducted slab directly beneath the Baja California peninsula [e.g., Benoit, M. et. al. (2002) J. Geol. 110, 627-648; Calmus, T. et al. (2003) Lithos 66, 77-105]. Here I propose an alternative model for the cause of post-subduction magmatism in Baja California in particular and origin of adakite-NEB rock association in general. The complicated tectonic configuration of the subducting Farallon/Cocos plate and westward motion of the North American continent caused western Mexico to override the hot, upwelling Pacific mantle that was decoupled from the spreading centers abandoned west of Baja California. The upwelling asthenosphere is best manifested east of the peninsula, beneath the Gulf of California, and is most probably due to a tear or window in the subducted slab there. The upwelling asthenosphere is compositionally heterogeneous and sends materials westward into the mantle wedge beneath the peninsula. These materials provide sources for post-subduction tholeiitic and alkalic magmas. Portions of tholeiitic magmas directly erupted at the surface produce tholeiitic lavas, but some get ponded beneath the crust. Re-melting and/or high-pressure fractional crystallization of the ponded tholeiitic magmas generate adakitic rocks. Alkalic magmas directly erupted at the surface

  17. Measuring population health in Moldova: health expectancies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Avram

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Health measures are decisive for the development and implementation of population health policies. Monitoring health indicators can lead to improvements in health and decrease in the inequalities among subpopulations. The life expectancy at birth for the Moldovan population did not increase considerably during the last decades, due to the social and economic crisis which led to high mortality and poor health. In Moldova, no aggregated health indicators are utilized for health monitoring. Therefore, the authors calculated health indicators to assess the population health and argue their importance. Mortality and subjective data on self-perceived health and self-rated morbidity from the Household Budget Survey was used for constructing period morbidity-mortality tables. Thus, the authors applied Sullivan’s method to calculate the life expectancy in very good/good/fair health and the life expectancy without chronic morbidity for the period 2006 - 2015. The life expectancies in very good/good/fair health showed a compression of morbidity in the older ages for both sexes, and for rural and urban types of residence. The life expectancies without chronic morbidity for males and for urban dwellers demonstrated an expansion of morbidity. Although the life expectancy is slowly increasing, the trends in population health are contradictory, depending on the applied measures. The health expectancy indicators, based on self-perceived health, depict the actual situation in the population health. These indicators are becoming more essential with the ageing process and can be used for the tailoring of social and health policies and services to the real needs of the population.

  18. Considerations on forest ecosystems evolution in the Republic of Moldova

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    Petru COCÎRȚĂ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Certain statistical data on forest ecosystems evolution in Republic of Moldova’s territory in 200 years period are analyzed in the article.  The history of forest fund and ecosystems’ development on the territory between Prut andNistru Rivers and of data presentation methods during different periods of territories’social economical development is summarized. Forest ecosystems development issues instudy and specifically those of forests’ continuity and conservation are extremely important for Republic of Moldova, which is a country with high population density, oldtraditions in agricultural branch and with a major negative attitude towards biological diversity maintaining and forest ecosystems’ viable development. Goals and objectives of the present work are to analyze forest evolution and to identifyhigher priority issues in order to rectify the situation in forest sector in Republic of Moldova. Basic characteristics of forest ecosystems are presented and causes of differences in datainterpretation were described on the basis of statistical data study and analysis during different periods and from different sources, as well as maps dated 1910 and 2004. Certainbasic elements of ecological management in forestry that exist in Republic of Moldova in present are described, such as legal normative base, infrastructure and others. The final part of work contains conclusions and some suggestions on forest ecosystems’viable development in Republic of Moldova according to European and internationalrequirements.

  19. Experiences with Land Reform and Land Consolidation in Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartvigsen, Morten B.; Gorgan, Maxim; Palmer, David

    2012-01-01

    . In many cases the fragmentation of land parcels has prevented the land market from developing. As a result of increasing political awareness of the problems, in 2004 the Government of Moldova requested assistance from the World Bank to address the situation. This led to a feasibility study and ultimately...

  20. ASSESSMENT OF ILLEGAL CAPITAL FLOWS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Tatiana PETROVA

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the existent methodologies used in international practice to estimate illegalcapital outflows. Also, authors carried out an assessment of the illegal capital outflows in the Republic ofMoldova on the basis of two models: the general method based on the balance of payments and the WorldBank’s "residual" model. The paper reflects the exceptional situation of the financial system of theRepublic of Moldova and trends in evolution of capital flows. The analysis of illegal flows should be partof the monitoring system of the country’s financial stability, which will allow identifying in time negativetrends that threaten Moldova's financial security. The main research methods were systemic analysis andlogic synthesis; data analysis and interpretation; statistical methods, etc. The main conclusionsobtained within the research of this topic are: for more reliable estimates for analytical purposes, it isnecessary to develop an adequate methodological base that would help to measure and analyze shadowcross-border flows; for the assessment of the financial security of the Republic of Moldova, as a transitioneconomy, it is important to monitor, analyze and forecast a broader list of financial indicators, as well astheir critical values.

  1. Rainfall erosivity factor estimation in Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castraveš, Tudor; Kuhn, Nikolaus

    2017-04-01

    Rainfall erosivity represents a measure of the erosive force of rainfall. Typically, it is expressed as variable such as the R factor in the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) (Wischmeier and Smith, 1965, 1978) or its derivates. The rainfall erosivity index for a rainfall event (EI30) is calculated from the total kinetic energy and maximum 30 minutes intensity of individual events. However, these data are often unavailable for wide regions and countries. Usually, there are three issues regarding precipitation data: low temporal resolution, low spatial density and limited access to the data. This is especially true for some of postsoviet countries from Eastern Europe, such as Republic of Moldova, where soil erosion is a real and persistent problem (Summer, 2003) and where soils represents the main natural resource of the country. Consequently, researching and managing soil erosion is particularly important. The purpose of this study is to develop a model based on commonly available rainfall data, such as event, daily or monthly amounts, to calculate rainfall erosivity for the territory of Republic of Moldova. Rainfall data collected during 1994-2015 period at 15 meteorological stations in the Republic of Moldova, with 10 minutes temporal resolution, were used to develop and calibrate a model to generate an erosivity map of Moldova. References 1. Summer, W., (2003). Soil erosion in the Republic of Moldova — the importance of institutional arrangements. Erosion Prediction in Ungauged Basins: Integrating Methods and Techniques (Proceedings of symposium HS01 held during IUGG2003 at Sapporo. July 2003). IAHS Publ. no. 279. 2. Wischmeier, W.H., and Smith, D.D. (1965). Predicting rainfall-erosion losses from cropland east of the Rocky Mountains. Agr. Handbook No. 282, U.S. Dept. Agr., Washington, DC 3. Wischmeier, W.H., and Smith, D.D. (1978). Predicting rainfall erosion losses. Agr. handbook No. 537, U.S. Dept. of Agr., Science and Education Administration.

  2. State Debt of the Republic of Moldova as Essential Factor of the Country Risk

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    Rodica HINCU

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available State Debt of the Republic of Moldova as Essential Factor of the Country Risk Abstract: This paper discusses issues concerning of the state debt risk related to the Republic of Moldova and the determinants of the state debt in the context of the country risk. Special attention is devoted to analyzing the dynamics and structure of Moldova's foreign debt by currency and sector, in terms of the components parts of the foreign debt risk of Moldova - refinancing risk, currency risk and interest rate risk. It is analyzed the external state debt, publicly guaranteed, and non-guaranteed private external debt.

  3. SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Igor G. SÎRODOEV

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the role of SME sector in Moldova’s economy and its likely implications in the RD processes. There are emphasized several key features of the relationship between knowledge economy, RD and SMEs, and their effect on regional and local communities. Then, a summary of RD particular features in Moldova is presented.The role of SME sector, examined in terms of its performance by ownership and activity types, as a whole and by main firms’ categories (micro-, small, and medium-sized is analyzed. Small enterprises have been considered as the most adequate solution forpromoting RD in general case. National-level analysis is completed by regional insight into the sector as a whole. Finally, some critical aspects of SMEs’ role in RD in Moldova are discussed.

  4. Analysis of the Industry Potential in Republic of Moldova

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    Larisa BUGAIAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article identifies several competitive sectors of the economy that have potential to lead to sustainable economic growth for Republic of Moldova. Sectors were chosen for analysis combining quantitative and qualitative methods. A pool of sectors was selected based on export and sales performance over the last eight years. The final decision of the top sectors was based on the qualitative factors such as prevalence of the SMEs in the sector, gender makeup of the workforce and the regional presence, as well as employment levels and sales growth. The results of analysis showed that following industrial sectors: wine; textiles and apparel; information and communication technology; footwear; construction materials and furniture have the most potential for contributing to transformational growth in the Republic of Moldova economy.

  5. SPECIAL ISSUE DEDICATED TO THE 10TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE CHEMISTRY JOURNAL OF MOLDOVA. GENERAL, INDUSTRIAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Gheorghe DUCA

    2016-01-01

    Ten years ago, in 2006, CHEMISTRY JOURNAL OF MOLDOVA. General, Industrial and Ecological Chemistry was founded by the Institute of Chemistry of Academy of Sciences of Moldova and Moldova State University. Chemistry Journal of Moldova is an open access, international indexed and peer-reviewed journal that publishes papers of high quality containing original results in the areas of Chemical Sciences, such as analytical chemistry, ecological chemistry, food chemistry, industrial chem...

  6. Post-Communist Identities In The Republic Of Moldova

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    Iulian Chifu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The study begins by referring to the group identity need of any human being and studies the large group identities when it comes to nation formation, ethnical references and political abuses in nation building in the post-communist era. The study refers specifically to the post-Soviet identities, the struggle of the Soviet elites in the new born independent states to maintain their privileges. In the particular case of the Republic of Moldova, there is more confusion coming from the name of the new identity, with a reference to Moldova – the former region of Romania and former Middle Age proto-state – and the ideological approach by Stalin who invented a new state in 1924, The Soviet Socialist Autonomous Republic of Moldova, and forged a „Moldavian” identity „from the ethnic family of the Slavic identities”, different from the Romanian one, to help explain the rapt and occupation of the region on the Eastern shores of the Prut river.

  7. Parliamentary Majorities and National Minorities: Moldova’s Accommodation of the Gagauz

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Al R.S.S. Moldova Pentru Problemele i and Mihai Cotorobai, 26 . Nationale Shi Autoadminstrararea Locala Shi Economia Locala, signed by A. Arsen...No ———. Avizul Comissiilor Permanente Ale Soveitului Suprem al R.S.S. Moldova p şi Autoadminstrararea Localâ şi Economia Localâ. Signed by A. Arseni

  8. 77 FR 64127 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ...)] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine... determine whether revocation of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bar from Belarus... concrete reinforcing bar from Latvia and Moldova. The Commission found that the respondent interested party...

  9. Opportunities for a forest energy industry in a developing country: an example from Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitalie Gulca; Robert Deal

    2010-01-01

    Developing sustainable energy from forest biomass presents both opportunities and challenges for the future generations of Moldova. Located in the southeastern part of Europe between Ukraine and Romania, Moldova is a relatively poor country with limited natural resources compared with other developing European countries such as Albania or Bosnia. This lack of fossil...

  10. Some Aspects of Micro-HPP Utilization in the Republic of Moldova

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    Ambros T.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The hydrografic network in the Republic of Moldova and some historical aspects of micro-Hydro Power Plants (mHPP on the country territory have been described. There are presented some models of micro hydro damless samples developed by the Technical University of Moldova.

  11. "Superpresidentalismi"ohud - Voronin, Putin ja Moldova rahvuslikud huvid / Graeme Herd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herd, Graeme

    2004-01-01

    Dnestri-äärse Moldova Vabariiki võib autori sõnul pidada Musta mere regiooni Kaliningradiks. Nii nagu Kaliningradist, saab Dnestri-äärse Moldova Vabariigi küsimusest uus Venemaa ja Euroopa Liidu koostöövõime lakmuspaber ning Balti poliitikud mängivad olulist rolli selle koostöö õnnestumises

  12. Microsurgery guided by sequential preoperative lymphography using {sup 68}Ga-NEB PET and MRI in patients with lower-limb lymphedema

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Long, Xiao; Gao, Chao; Yang, Elan [Peking Union Medical College Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Department of Plastic Surgery, Beijing (China); Zhang, Jingjing [Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Beijing (China); National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Nanomedicine LOMIN, Bethesda, MD (United States); Zhang, Daming; Xue, Huadan [Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Department of Radiology, Beijing (China); Chi, Chongwei [Institute of Automation Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Lang, Lixin; Niu, Gang; Chen, Xiaoyuan [National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Nanomedicine LOMIN, Bethesda, MD (United States); Zhu, Zhaohui; Li, Fang [Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Beijing (China)

    2017-08-15

    The popularity of contemporary microsurgical techniques in treatment of lower-limb lymphedema calls for better visualization of the lymphatic system, both preoperatively and intra-operatively. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the feasibility of a novel combination of {sup 68}Ga-NEB positron emission tomography (PET) with magnetic resonance lymphography (MRL) in evaluating lymphedema and guiding surgical intervention. A total of 11 patients (F 9, M 2, age range 29-69 y) with lower-limb lymphedema classified into stage I to III were recruited. PET acquisition was performed at 30, 60 and 90 min after subcutaneous injection of the albumin-binding radiotracer {sup 68}Ga-NEB into the bilateral first web spaces of the feet. All the patients were also subjected to {sup 99m}Tc-sulfur colloid (SC) lymphoscintigraphy for comparison. Gd-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed using sequences specialized for lymphatic vessel scans. All the patients underwent surgical interventions within a week. The surgical approach includes the use of a linear marker for edema localization and indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography with a near-infrared surgical navigation system intra-operatively. Lymph transport in lymphatic channels was clearly observed by visualization of {sup 68}Ga-NEB activity in the lymphatic vessels and within lymph nodes for all 11 patients as well as the visualization of the edema section plane with dermal backflow (DB), abnormally increased and disconnected uptake along the lymphatic channels. Preoperative {sup 68}Ga-NEB PET combined with MRL provides advantageous three-dimensional images, higher temporal resolution, significantly shorter time lapse before image acquisition after tracer injection and more accurate pathological lymphatic vessel distribution than {sup 99m}Tc-SC lymphoscintigraphy combined with MRI. This study documented an effective imaging pattern to combine {sup 68}Ga-NEB PET and MRL in patients with lower

  13. Planeering kui kaasaegne teos par excellence : kas tulevikku saab välja mõelda? = The plan as a contenporary work par excellence : can the future be made up? / Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammis, Toomas, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Tulevikku saab kavandada läbi visioonide, läbi erinevate erialade teadmistest kokku lõimunud loomingulise akti, mis ei saa kunagi olla liiga täpne. Planeering saab olla teatav süsteem, mis suudab lõputult produtseerida väikseid üsna täpselt koha- ja keskkonnatundlikke produkte, jäädes ise pidevasse loomisse ning pooleliolekusse, olles pidevas interaktsioonis ühiskonnaga viimast lõputult monitoorides ja muutes

  14. GENDER PECULIARITIES OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia G.TURCAN

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The situation with women's entrepreneurship is analyzed in the given scientific paper. Special emphasis is put on the one of the main obstacles to women, the mentality of the inhabitants in our country. The purpose of this study is to identify characteristics of women's entrepreneurship in Moldova, the motives of the occurrence of women in business, the specific needs of women entrepreneurs and others that will enrich the theoretical knowledge and provide the scientific basis for the implementation of social and economic gender policy in the business.

  15. LENDING PROJECT IMPACT ON AGRICULTURAL INDIVIDUAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia LITVIN

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Economic development within rural areas of the Republic of Moldova is affected by multiple issues which cross the agricultural individual sector development. One of the main factors that would influence positively the development of agriculture is investment. Investment plays an important role on the country's economy, representing the material support of its economic and social development. It ensures the permanent capital increase, advances the technical and economic efficiency of existing ones and creates new places of employment. In this context, investment is the decisive element of economic growth, of the intensive, qualitative and effective factors promotion.

  16. Director of IMCS - National Prize Laureate of Moldova

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    Editorial board of the "Computer Science Journal of Moldova"

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Director of the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Vice Editor-in-Chief of CSJM, and our colleague, D.Hab. Svetlana Cojocaru, in 2011 became the National Prize Laureate of Moldova. In accordance with Government decision, this distinction is given for ``outstanding achievements whose results have substantially enriched science, culture and art, had a considerable contribution to promoting a positive image of the country in the international arena, a significant impact on the development of socio-economic, scientific and technical progress, national and world culture.''

  17. THE POLLUTION SPECTRUM OF OLD PESTICIDES STORAGES IN MOLDOVA

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    Duca Gh.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The old pesticide storages in Moldova showed a large quantity of polluted sites. The inventory of POPs polluted sites showed a huge number of extra high polluted sites (more 50,0 mg/kg which need the first place a remediation or other action to eliminate direct contact with people and animals. The pollution spectrum of POPs is a complex and consists of five groups: DDTs isomers, HCHs isomers, Toxaphene mixture, Chlordane and Heptachlor. The principal groups among these substances are DDTs and HCHs isomers.

  18. Digital Economy: Development Prospects in the European Union and the Republic of Moldova

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    Alexandru LEAHOVCENCO

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on issues related to digital economy. The European Union adopted and implements „Digital Agenda for Europe” constantly adjusting its priorities to the new circumstances. The government of the Republic of Moldova approved the National Strategy for Information Society Development “Digital Moldova 2020” which aim is to create conditions through minimum state intervention but with maximum effect for information society development. National Strategy for Information Society Development will lead to the following measurable results: ranking the Republic of Moldova among top 50 countries in the international rankings in digital technologies.

  19. WINE TOURISM IN WESTERN MOLDOVA - TO A FUTURE ALSACE?

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    Mihaela MANEA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Wine tourism has emerge as a form of redinamization, recovery of wine products. It was necessary such a tourism form for the wine-growing regions to assert in this tourist industry through landscapes as well as the products offered. Countries like France, Italy and Spain are already among the most definitive statement in this area, being basically those that outline the so-called Old World of the wine tourism domain. This is due to a long history of viticulture, terroir, winemaking method and cultural heritage. Romania is also on the wine countries list being part of the top ten countries according to the hierarchy made by OIV. Wine tourism started to come also in Romania, increasingly more wineries adopting wine recovery forms through tourism. It is adopting foreign models of wine tourism but keeping the local specific. Thus Moldova, the largest wine region began to adapt some wine tourism development models and this article will demonstrate whether this model is beneficial for Moldova.

  20. Variants in Nebulin (NEB Are Linked to the Development of Familial Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma in Basset Hounds.

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    Dina F Ahram

    Full Text Available Several dog breeds are susceptible to developing primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG, which suggests a genetic basis for the disease. We have identified a four-generation Basset Hound pedigree with characteristic autosomal recessive PACG that closely recapitulates PACG in humans. Our aim is to utilize gene mapping and whole exome sequencing approaches to identify PACG-causing sequence variants in the Basset. Extensive clinical phenotyping of all pedigree members was conducted. SNP-chip genotyping was carried out in 9 affected and 15 unaffected pedigree members. Two-point and multipoint linkage analyses of genome-wide SNP data were performed using Superlink-Online SNP-1.1 and a locus was mapped to chromosome 19q with a maximum LOD score of 3.24. The locus contains 12 Ensemble predicted canine genes and is syntenic to a region on chromosome 2 in the human genome. Using exome-sequencing analysis, a possibly damaging, non-synonymous variant in the gene Nebulin (NEB was found to segregate with PACG which alters a phylogenetically conserved Lysine residue. The association of this variants with PACG was confirmed in a secondary cohort of unrelated Basset Hounds (p = 3.4 × 10-4, OR = 15.3 for homozygosity. Nebulin, a protein that promotes the contractile function of sarcomeres, was found to be prominently expressed in the ciliary muscles of the anterior segment. Our findings may provide insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie PACG. The phenotypic similarities of disease presentation in dogs and humans may enable the translation of findings made in this study to patients with PACG.

  1. Variants in Nebulin (NEB) Are Linked to the Development of Familial Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma in Basset Hounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahram, Dina F; Grozdanic, Sinisa D; Kecova, Helga; Henkes, Arjen; Collin, Rob W J; Kuehn, Markus H

    2015-01-01

    Several dog breeds are susceptible to developing primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), which suggests a genetic basis for the disease. We have identified a four-generation Basset Hound pedigree with characteristic autosomal recessive PACG that closely recapitulates PACG in humans. Our aim is to utilize gene mapping and whole exome sequencing approaches to identify PACG-causing sequence variants in the Basset. Extensive clinical phenotyping of all pedigree members was conducted. SNP-chip genotyping was carried out in 9 affected and 15 unaffected pedigree members. Two-point and multipoint linkage analyses of genome-wide SNP data were performed using Superlink-Online SNP-1.1 and a locus was mapped to chromosome 19q with a maximum LOD score of 3.24. The locus contains 12 Ensemble predicted canine genes and is syntenic to a region on chromosome 2 in the human genome. Using exome-sequencing analysis, a possibly damaging, non-synonymous variant in the gene Nebulin (NEB) was found to segregate with PACG which alters a phylogenetically conserved Lysine residue. The association of this variants with PACG was confirmed in a secondary cohort of unrelated Basset Hounds (p = 3.4 × 10-4, OR = 15.3 for homozygosity). Nebulin, a protein that promotes the contractile function of sarcomeres, was found to be prominently expressed in the ciliary muscles of the anterior segment. Our findings may provide insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie PACG. The phenotypic similarities of disease presentation in dogs and humans may enable the translation of findings made in this study to patients with PACG.

  2. Tagasi tulevikku / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2003-01-01

    VII Lyoni kaasaegse kunsti biennaal "C'est arrivé demain / It happened tomorrow" 18. IX 2003 - 4. I 2004. Kuraatorid Xavier Douroux, Franck Gautherot, Eric Troncy, Anne Pontégnie (Brüssel), Robert Nickas (New York)

  3. Greenhouse Gas reduction for scenarios of power sources development of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comendant I.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available For the new power market conditions, Moldova power sources development options up to 2033 are evaluated, and for the six scenarios selected the greenhouse gas reduction impact is determined.

  4. Roads Rehabilitation and Environment in Moldova: Some Legal and Normative Harmonization Aspects

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    Cocirta Petru

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the environmental regulatory reforms of the Republic of Moldova to restore roads and problems over time. Goals and objectives are the analysis of the current situation on road rehabilitation and environmental assessments in this area, as well as issues that require in rehabilitation and maintenance of roads in the Republic of Moldova.Are described briefly: general aspects of road rehabilitation issues; legislation and environmental regulations in the road; differences between Moldova and procedures of the World Bank's environmental assessment in the construction and rehabilitation of roads; problem of national legislative and normative acts harmonization to international requirements.The paper discusses specific environmental to appear on completion of the rehabilitation of roads in the Republic of Moldova. In the final part of the paper presents the conclusions and some suggestions on how to facilitate the rehabilitation of roads in accordance with Agenda 21 of the country and European and international requirements.

  5. DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES OF SECURITIES SECONDARY MARKET IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chetraru Aliona

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available It’s an urgent necessity to determine the specific problems of the securities market in Republic of Moldova, in the context of policies and strategies of accession to the European and International activity standards, performance and quality, along with the implication and effects of the international financial crisis. Identification of the influence factors with negative on the secondary market will enable the formulation of recommendations, proposals, improvement and refreshing techniques for the capital market as a whole. The analysis of the secondary market indicators allowed concluding on a high degree of uncertainty and predictability of its evolution. Legislative and regulatory issues on the securities secondary market activity of professional participants, admit the interpretation duality of provisions concerned. National Commission of Financial Market activity as a mega-regulator of the financial market, although involving a increased complexity of activities concerning supervision, control and regulation of the financial (non-banking sector, do not enjoy great efficiency in terms of stabilization and promotion of the financial sector. The appearance of a stock institution as an alternative to the existing one, after 20 years of experience of the latter, theoretically opens new market opportunities, although in practical terms, at this moment of time, the market participants are reserved and undecided on the future development trend of the secondary market. The study is based on statistical data contained in annual reports of the National Financial Market Commission and published on the official website of JSC „Stock Exchange of Moldova”, analysis of legislative and regulatory provisions and international practices. The statistics cover the whole period of operation of the secondary market in Republic of Moldova, that is from 1995 to 2012, as much as the stock market segment and the counter. The research methodology

  6. Development of Ad Valorem Real Property Taxation System in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Buzu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes key aspects of the new ad valorem property taxation (AVT system which is currently implemented in the Republic of Moldova and outlines ways of its further potential development. The author uses both systemic and synergistic approaches to develop a methodology for the assessment of the AVT system efficiency based on the multipurpose cadastre data. The study identifies key characteristics of the AVT system, as well as main problems associated with the implementation of the new property taxation system and with the compatibility of the fiscal and the real property cadastre data, and makes suggestions for further development of the AVT system in the country. The study allows to identify and maximize the benefits of the AVT system.

  7. The challenges of globalization for smes in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Ionela Cretoiu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Globalisation offers humankind a new vision both on international economic relations and on international affairs, which have gained momentum and turned over time. The international economic relations seen from the perspective of the global economy’s globalization have expanded and acquired new meanings, the evolution towards such a global economy involving intra-regional relationships and partnerships development that have arisen between multinational companies. On the ground of these transformations, SMEs face a number of challenges due to the evolution of economic, social and cultural conditions of globalization. This paper investigates, using a field survey type research, the ways in which globalization affects the activity of SMEs from the perspective of the managers in Moldova perspective.

  8. DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR FROM MOLDOVA THROUGH AGRICULTURE LOANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliona SARGO

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Financial institutions present on the market become more attentive when they have to give loans to the agriculture sector. The lack of necessary guarantees the low profit registered in agricultural district, economy instability and other things had and continue to have a negative impact on the evolution of agricultural sector, this being seen as one with a high level of risk. Commercial banks use less own funds for lending to agriculture and especially when the loans are guaranteed from various funds, programs or foreign donor agencies. Farmers find it difficult to bank loans because of collateral amount required is too high. However, commercial banks in Moldova provide agricultural loans, thus increasing the economic efficiency of agriculture.

  9. Eri teed tulevikku? : kolmekümneaastaste põlvkonna sissetulekuallikate struktuur ja selle muutused üleminekuperioodil postsotsialistlikes maades / Rein Murakas, Denis Trapido

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murakas, Rein, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Järg nr. 8 lk. 1764-1791. Sissetulekuallikate stabiilsuse ja muutlikkuse probleemist Eestis, Sverdlovski ja Harkovi oblastis Ukrainas, Lätis, Moldovas, Valgevenes ja Tadzhikistanis aastatel 1992-1998. Kasutatud on rahvusvahelise longituudse uurimisprojekti "Põlvkonna eluteed" (PE) andmeid. Tabelid: PE riikide sotsiaal-demograafilised ja arengunäitajad siirdeperioodil; valimi maht regiooni ja PE küsitlusetapi lõikes; analüüsis kasutatud tunnused; PE respondentide kuusissetuleku parameetrid regioonide lõikes (sissetulek USA dollarites); sissetulekuallikate esinemissagedus respondentidel (%) ning keskmine sissetulekuallikate arv

  10. Introducing Evidence-Based Medicine and guidelines for maternal and newborn care in the Republic of Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bacci, A; Wyn Huws, D; Baltag, V

    2005-01-01

    Familiarity with Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) concepts is low amongst key maternal and newborn care clinicians in Moldova. Simple interventions can increase the knowledge of EBM concepts there.......Familiarity with Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) concepts is low amongst key maternal and newborn care clinicians in Moldova. Simple interventions can increase the knowledge of EBM concepts there....

  11. EU-MOLDOVA TRADE RELATIONS: COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF MOLDOVAN INDUSTRIES ON THE SINGLE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana SANDU

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Engaging on the long road of implementing the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the EU in 2010, Moldova is now closer than ever to being included in the most privileged category of the Eastern neighbouring countries - those who have chosen to deepen the European economic integration. The Vilnius Summit in November 2013 has reinforced the ‘more for more’ principle for both Moldova and Georgia by emphasizing, at the same time, the role of reactive measures and financial aid in counterbalancing aggressive trade barriers from non-EU states. Not only has Moldova proved to efficiently capitalize the provisions of the ATP agreement since 2008, but it has also consequently received more support from the EU in boosting exports to the single market. The wine industry was the first to benefit from the free-trade regime, as for the EU decision of eliminating quotas from the beginning of 2014. Nonetheless, the progressive liberalisation of trade flows between Moldova and the EU would finally oppose two asymmetric partners. Consequently, Moldova is facing the challenge of asserting its value on the EU market, by yet not undermining the relevance of other important trading partners nearby.

  12. Assessing and Increasing the Competitiveness of Republic of Moldova Wine Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liudmila ANTOHI

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Competitiveness is the capacity of countries to create an enabling environment for indigenous business development; using low-cost strategies, differentiation, substitution, leading to increased productivity; creating opportunities to penetrate foreign markets and added value through their form; citizens by providing jobs with high pay, increasing the purchasing power; contributing to economic growth and to establish a balanced social environment. Enhancing competitiveness of national economy is one of five strategic priorities of the Republic of Moldova, stated in the draft National Development Plan. The wine industry is one of the most important branches of national economy in Moldova. But for Moldova's wine production to be competitive on the world market, wine industry itself should become a branch of modern, efficient, with high economic efficiency, which will not be achieved without investment and without attracting high quality production.

  13. The advantages and impediments in fostering Republic of Moldova- the European Union economic cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica CRUDU

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite considerable efforts and funding, the reform implementation process in the Republic of Moldova meets important difficulties especially in the areas of strategic significance including the fields of public administration, justice and banking sectors. The initiatives implemented in these sectors by the Moldovan authorities under European supervision proved to be inefficient as they did not reach the expected results. This situation leads to dragging down the pace of European integration of the country, as the trust of the population and of foreign partners regarding European future of Moldova was negatively affected. Thus, this research intends to identify the most important impediments of bi-lateral cooperation between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union. Also, some recommendations are provided to increase the actual status-quo and are specified main Moldovan economic advantages which have been registered since the acceleration of cooperation with the EU.

  14. Developing a national programme of flood risk management measures: Moldova

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    Ramsbottom David

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A Technical Assistance project funded by the European Investment Bank has been undertaken to develop a programme of flood risk management measures for Moldova that will address the main shortcomings in the present flood management system, and provide the basis for long-term improvement. Areas of significant flood risk were identified using national hydraulic and flood risk modelling, and flood hazard and flood risk maps were then prepared for these high risk areas. The flood risk was calculated using 12 indicators representing social, economic and environmental impacts of flooding. Indicator values were combined to provide overall estimates of flood risk. Strategic approaches to flood risk management were identified for each river basin using a multi-criteria analysis. Measures were then identified to achieve the strategic approaches. A programme of measures covering a 20-year period was developed together with a more detailed Short-Term Investment Plan covering the first seven years of the programme. Arrangements are now being made to implement the programme. The technical achievements of the project included national hydrological and hydraulic modelling covering 12,000 km of river, the development of 2-dimensional channel and floodplain hydraulic models from a range of topographic and bathymetric data, and an integrated flood risk assessment that takes account of both economic and non-monetary impacts.

  15. Possible Scenarios of Ecotourism Evolution in Republic of Moldova from the Perspective of Ecosystem Services

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    Popa, B.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available By using the Sector Scenario Approach, the present paper aims to fill an important gap of information regarding ecotourism activities connected with the management of protected areas in the Republic of Moldova. The paper captures the economic value of landscape as ecosystem service and assesses the development perspective of this sector by comparing “business as usual” and “sustainable ecosystem management” scenarios, giving also information regarding the effect of the ecotourism across the economy of the Republic of Moldova.

  16. Macroeconomic situation in Moldova in terms of the economic crisis 2008-2009

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    Mihail PĂDUREAN

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The world economic crisis has exerted a negative impact on the economic development of Moldova, but recent trends show that since 2010 the country has been recording a small economic growth. The article examines the problems faced by the Moldavian economy during recession, as well as the subsequent changes with reference to macroeconomic indicators. The paper is a review of the materials of the Institute of Economics of the Republic of Moldova and other institutions, as well as a collection of literature and the author's own opinions. It makes use of the descriptive method and deductive and inductive reasoning.

  17. European integration dimension of Republic of Moldova as development path in a globalization setting

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    Natalia ANTOCI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In a global market economy, the opening towards outward, standard harmonization and convergence of national economies can create the necessary synergy in order to address the challenges of globalization. Republic of Moldova needs to develop partnership relations with European Union (EU countries, which have experience in relation to commodity markets, and without which it is difficult to modernize the economy and diversify its export. Moldova's integration into the European Union allows increasing dynamism and sustainability of the economic system of our country and allows implementing a new model of economic growth according to EU Member States' experience.

  18. DYNAMIC MODEL “ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION - GDP” FOR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Sit B.M.

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the development of econometric models of electricity consumption in Republic of Moldova with the purpose of definition of potential possibilities of GPD influence on electricity consumption processes.In this paper, we examine the causal relationship between the per capita electricity consumption and the per capita GDP for Republic of Moldova using VAR model. Our results show that there is bidirectional causality from per capita GDP to per capita electricity consumption and vice versa. The finding has significant implications from the point of view of energy conservation, emission reduction and economic development.

  19. Prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence by type and severity: population-based studies in Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Ukraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismayilova, Leyla; El-Bassel, Nabila

    2013-08-01

    The article estimates the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) by type and severity in population-based samples from three countries of the former Soviet Union (fSU). The article utilized nationally representative data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in Azerbaijan (2006), Moldova (2005), and Ukraine (2007). Respondents were selected using stratified multistage cluster sampling. The sample included ever-married (or cohabitating) females of reproductive age (15-49 years old); weighted sample n = 3,847 in Azerbaijan, n = 4,321 in Moldova, and n = 2,355 in Ukraine. The analysis used multinomial survey logistic regression adjusting for the sampling design and sampling weights. Ten percent of ever-partnered women in Azerbaijan and Ukraine and 20% in Moldova ever experienced physical IPV (without sexual) from their most recent husband or cohabitating partner; 3% of women in Azerbaijan and Ukraine and 5% in Moldova experienced sexual IPV (with or without physical), and 2% of women in Azerbaijan, 3% in Ukraine, and 6% in Moldova experienced violence resulting in severe physical injuries from their most recent partner. In all three countries physical, sexual, and injurious IPV was higher among formerly married women. Compared to women with above secondary education, women with secondary education or below demonstrated higher risk for physical IPV (in Moldova and Ukraine), sexual IPV in Moldova, and injurious IPV in all three countries. Poor socioeconomic status-as indicated by low household wealth status in Azerbaijan and partner's unemployment in Moldova and Ukraine-was significantly associated with higher risk for physical and injurious IPV. In Moldova and Ukraine partners' low level of education was associated with higher risk for sexual IPV. The article demonstrates that experiences and factors associated with IPV are diverse and context specific. The findings may be helpful in targeting interventions to

  20. Variants for the development of electricity generating sources to meet the load requirements of Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Comendant, I.; Sula, A.

    1996-01-01

    The Institute of Power Engineering of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova elaborated a project of the Energy Programme of Republic Moldova in 1994. Within the framework of this project it was studied the development of electricity generating sources taking into account a possibility of utilization of power reserves of Romanian power system. Under the condition of acute lack of investments and high uncertainty concerning the development of the national economy it was found a rational solution which supposes a wide integration of the power systems of Republic Moldova and Romania. (author) 1 tab

  1. THE ANALYSIS OF THE ART MARKET FROM REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA WITH INNOVATIVE MARKETING ELEMENTS (based on the author's interview

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    Olga PERCINSCHI

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The actuality of this research consists in the less developed of art market in the Republic of Moldova and lack of researches in this domain. The goal of the article is to analyze the art market of the Republic of Moldova with innovative marketing elements. The method of this article is based on interviews conducted with painters, owners of art galleries, art salons were highlighted barriers that hinder the development of the art market in Moldova. The main results are identified ways to overcome and directions for the development of effective marketing that will enhance the country's competitiveness as a whole.

  2. 78 FR 41079 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ...)] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine... U.S.C. 1675(c)), that revocation of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bar... Commission are contained in USITC Publication 4409 (July 2013), entitled Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar from...

  3. 77 FR 39254 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-02

    ...)] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine; Institution of Five-Year Reviews Concerning the Antidumping Duty Orders on Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From... revocation of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bar from Belarus, China, Indonesia...

  4. 78 FR 43858 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, the People's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ...-860; A-822-804; A-823-809; A- 841-804] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia... antidumping duty orders \\1\\ on steel concrete reinforcing bars from Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova... orders. \\1\\ See Antidumping Duty Orders: Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia...

  5. 77 FR 70140 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, People's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ...-860; A-822-804; A-823-809; A- 841-804] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia... concrete reinforcing bars from Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, the People's Republic of China...-0371, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The antidumping duty orders on steel concrete...

  6. 77 FR 71631 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ...)] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine; Scheduling of Full Five-Year Reviews Concerning the Antidumping Duty Orders on Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar...) to determine whether revocation of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bar from...

  7. The limited liability company in Romania versus the limited liability company in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Lucia CRISTEA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents parallel legislation in Romania and Republic of Moldova, in the matter of Limited Liability Company (LLC Ltd, aiming to extract similarities and differences to draw reliable conclusions regarding the advantages of setting up this type of company in the two countries.

  8. Risk factors and timing of default from treatment for non-multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, H E; Ciobanu, A; Plesca, V; Crudu, V; Galusca, I; Soltan, V; Cohen, T

    2013-03-01

    The Republic of Moldova, in Eastern Europe, has among the highest reported nationwide proportions of tuberculosis (TB) patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) worldwide. Default has been associated with increased mortality and amplification of drug resistance, and may contribute to the high MDR-TB rates in Moldova. To assess risk factors and timing of default from treatment for non-MDR-TB from 2007 to 2010. A retrospective analysis of routine surveillance data on all non-MDR-TB patients reported. A total of 14.7% of non-MDR-TB patients defaulted from treatment during the study period. Independent risk factors for default included sociodemographic factors, such as homelessness, living alone, less formal education and spending substantial time outside Moldova in the year prior to diagnosis; and health-related factors such as human immunodeficiency virus co-infection, greater lung pathology and increasing TB drug resistance. Anti-tuberculosis treatment is usually initiated within an institutional setting in Moldova, and the default risk was highest in the month following the phase of hospitalized treatment (among civilians) and after leaving prison (among those diagnosed while incarcerated). Targeted interventions to increase treatment adherence for patients at highest risk of default, and improving the continuity of care for patients transitioning from institutional to community care may substantially reduce risk of default.

  9. FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN CONDITIONS OF CURRENCY CRISIS

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    Pavel TIPA

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available At the end of 2014 and beginning of 2015, the banking sector from Moldova faced a tough crisis. It was generated by a series of frauds which led to three banks in process of liquidation, three other banks under NBM`s supervision and a huge gap in the broad money in the economy. These events severely affected the banking sector from the Republic of Moldova. Thus, the novelty of this paper is to highlight the difficulties which the banks from the Republic of Moldova have faced at managing their FX operations during that period. Also, considering the conditions of the downturn of the financial situation in the national banking sector and in the national economy in general, which followed as consequences of the crisis, this paper has the purpose to explain from theoretical point of view the basic concepts of correct banks’ FX operations management. For this, the author applied analytical, logical, bibliographical and synthesis research techniques. The results of the research are identification of the causes of currency crises, presentation of the basic measures taken by the National Bank of Moldova for mitigating the effects of the crisis, as well as exhibition of author’s recommendations regarding the main directions which have to be considered by banks in their foreign currency operations management.

  10. Decentralization and financial autonomy: a challenge for local public authorities in the Republic of Moldova

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    Tatiana MANOLE

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects the decentralization process currently taking place in the Republic of Moldova. The purpose of the research is to acquaint readers with the fundamental concept of decentralization, with the areas of administrative decentralization, with the forms of manifestation of financial decentralization: fiscal decentralization and budget decentralization. The priorities of the decentralization process are identified.

  11. 2015 SUMMING-UP OF BANKING FINANCIAL SECTOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Rodica PERCIUN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic and political uncertainty in recent years has adversely affected the activity of Moldovan banks unfavoring the dynamics of the national economy. The 2015 year can be considered a "rigid" year for the Republic of Moldova, built by the liquidation of three financial institutions at the NBM decision (CB "Unibank" SA, CB "Banca Sociala" SA and BC "Banca de Economii" SA, and the tightening of the monetary policy. That has led to mistrust of the population in this sector, creating problems with bank loans and deteriorating of bank asset. However, commercial banks during 2015 remained sufficiently liquid and capitalized (exception is CB "Unibank" SA, CB "Banca Sociala" SA and BC "Banca de Economii" SA. This article aims to research the financial and banking sector from the Republic of Moldova in 2015 in terms of uncertainty. Therefore, the novelty of the article lies in the analysis of the banking sector from the Republic of Moldova under the main financial prudential indicators. The main research methods were: systemic analysis, synthesis, monographic, logic, etc. The main scientific results obtained in the article, as a conclusion of the research are the identification, analysis of the main activity of the banking sector and the proposed set of recommendations on strengthening the financial stability framework in the Republic of Moldova.

  12. The limited liability company in Romania versus the limited liability company in the Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia Cristea; Nicoleta Cristina Ifrim

    2013-01-01

    The article presents parallel legislation in Romania and Republic of Moldova, in the matter of Limited Liability Company (LLC) Ltd, aiming to extract similarities and differences to draw reliable conclusions regarding the advantages of setting up this type of company in the two countries.

  13. THE POLITICAL SYSTEM IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: EVOLUTIONS, VULNERABILITIES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR MODERNIZATION

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    MÎNDRU VALERIU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzed the evolution of the political system in Moldova. The authors note three stages of the formation and consolidation of the political system in the country which have directly infl uenced the political domain and democratization of the society. The analysis is based on the legislative experience of other countries and the opinions of experts.

  14. Parliamentary elites as a democratic thermometer : Estonia, Lithuania and Moldova compared / William E. Crowther, Irmina Matonyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Crowther, William E.

    2007-01-01

    Uuringutulemused Eesti, Leedu ja Moldova parlamentide kohta tõid esile seadusandliku eliidi üllatuslikult madala professionaalse taseme neis riikides: igasse parlamendikoosseisu on kerge pääseda poliitiliselt motiveeritud kuid väikese kogemuspagasiga inimestel. Lisa: Tabelid

  15. The Main Directions of The Scientific Reform in Republic of Moldova

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    Percinshi Natalia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects the issues about reforming the Moldavian Science. The author reveals some priorities of the Strategy of Science Evolution Moldova - 2020, which is aimed at the efficient use of intellectual potential by stimulating innovation, human capital consolidation and attraction of young researchers to develop research capacity in high schools and universities.

  16. OLICIES AND PRACTICES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IFRS AND NAS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Lica\tERHAN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyse the process of harmonization of national accounting standards of the Republic of Moldova to the international standards. It highlights the main advantages, disadvantages, risks and opportunities regarding the implementation of the new standards. A major step for the Republic of Moldova was the implementation of IFRS, which has become mandatory for all public interest entities from 1 January 2012 and the adoption of new NAS in accordance with EU Directives and IFRS for small and medium-sized entities, for which the transition to IFRS was difficult due to high costs involved. The new NAS came into force on 1 January 2014 as a recommendation, but starting with 1st January 2015 it will be mandatory for all entities. The paper includes a practical analysis of the impact of transition to IFRS on the financial results of a public interest entity- Moldova Agroindbank, which is the largest commercial bank, with the highest market share in the banking sector of the Republic of Moldova. A result of the analysis of primary and secondary indicators calculated on the base of the financial statements prepared by commercial bank at 31.12.11, we found that the transition to IFRS has resulted in the growth of all financial indicators.

  17. USING VARIOUS VISUALIZATION TECHNIQUES TO OUTLINE VULNERABILITY TO DROUGHT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    CONSTANṬA BORONEANṬ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Using visualization techniques to outline vulnerability to drought in the Republic of Moldova. This paper is a demonstration of use of various visualization techniques in representing the results on vulnerability to drought at various times scales in the Republic of Moldova. Monthly precipitation totals from simulated data at 10 km horizontal resolution with a regional climatic model RegCM, CRU TS2.10 land observation data set at 0.5ºx0.5º horizontal resolution and observations recorded at 15 meteorological stations in Moldova were used to compare the annual cycle of precipitation, seasonal variability of precipitation, and the spatial and temporal evolution of drought. The Empirical Orthogonal Functions (EOF analysis was used to identify the principal modes of seasonal variability of precipitation over the country and the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI was calculated as an indicator of drought or wetness at various time scales (1 to 24 months. The period of analysis was 1960-1997. One of the visualization techniques was the Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS which is an easy manipulation and visualization tool for gridded and station meteorological data. We used it to represent the RegCM and CRU data on their grids. The kriging interpolation with a Gaussian model variance was selected as a suitable interpolation tool for the spatial distribution of the SPI and EOF over Moldova. For temporal diagram and mapping, Golden Software Surfer 9.0 and ArcGis Software 9.1 were used. The results presented with these visualization tools emphasize precipitation and drought characteristics over Moldova domain.

  18. ARMONIZAREA MANAGEMENTULUI ACHIZIŢIILOR PUBLICE DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA LA DIRECTIVELE UE

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    Maria COJOCARU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available În acest articol sunt abordate probleme ce vizează reforma sistemului de achiziţii publice al Republicii Moldova şi al României, armonizarea legislaţiei şi a procesului de achiziţii publice la normele europene. Întru realizarea scopului şi sarcinilor propuse au fost aplicate diferite metode de cercetare: monografică, comparativă, metoda grafică. Cercetarea procesului de achiziţii publice, în contextul prevederilor legislative ale Uniunii Europene, a permis autorilor să constate prezenţa unor nereguli şi disfuncţionalităţi în organizarea şi desfăşurarea procedurilor de achiziţii publice la nivel naţional. În concluzie, au fost formulate sugestii menite să contribuie la perfecţionarea managementului achiziţiilor publice din Republica Moldova.HARMONIZATION OF PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT IN MOLDOVA TO EU DIRECTIVESIn this article the author presents a studio on the reform of the procurement system of Moldova and Romania, har­monization of legislation and the process of European procurement rules. In achieving established goals were applied different research methods: monographic, comparative graphical method. Research the procurement process in the con­text of the legislative European Union (EU, allowed the author to declare the presence of irregularities and failures in organization and conduct of procurement procedures at national level. In conclusion, suggestions were made that would help to improve the management of public procurement in Moldova.

  19. Mapping the EU–Republic of Moldova Trajectory: Roadblocks on the Way to Economic Integration with the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabrielle G. Bulgari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on EU–Republic of Moldova relations by taking an in-depth look at the Association Agreement and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement’s provisions. Specific attention is given to both the political and economic integration aspects, benefits for the agriculture sector and an assessment of risk factors. Within the European Neighbourhood Policy instrument and the policy of Eastern Partnership, the Republic of Moldova has gained a crucial importance over the past 10 years. Having been positioned between two political and economic strong poles, many times it had to decide on which side to be. Moreover, the Association Agreement signed in June 2014 has updated the EU-Moldova relations and gave it a boost towards European integration, economic and commercial development, encouraging the Republic of Moldova to finally break from its Soviet past and move forward.

  20. THE DETERMINANTS OF BANKING SYSTEM VULNERABILITY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Dorina CLICHICI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A banking system is more vulnerable when there are felt more negative effects on this as a consequence of the global financial crisis events. In the context of the objective of enhancing financial stability and, in particular, limiting the likelihood of failure of the banking system it is useful to verify how the main characteristics which play a role for banking system vulnerability behaved in the case of the Republic of Moldova: system’s liquidity, capitalization, competition, diversification, presence of foreign banks, and wholesale funding. In order to determine how hard was hit the banking system of Moldova by the recent financial crisis in the article are analyzed quantitative and qualitative the above mentioned characteristics and identified the crisis effects on them.

  1. LOANS PROVIDED BY CHINESE GOVERNMENT: OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Marina SOLOVIOVA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As external development partners have put on hold their financial support for Moldova, contracting loans from China sparks an increasing interest. Because debates on this topic take place with very little information available, in this article we have made a synthesis of official data disseminated by the Chinese authorities, estimations made by the OECD and other organizations, records from the archive of the National Bank of Moldova, documents from the state register of legal acts, as well as of data published by the press. The results show that, although loans provided by the Chinese government are not an alternative to the loans offered by the IMF and other traditional creditors for budget and balance of payments support, they have a range of peculiar advantages and can be a convenient means of financing projects in the area of energy, industry, and agriculture.

  2. The prevention of the local nuclear accidents in the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bahnarel, I.

    1998-01-01

    Although there are no nuclear reactors in Moldova, there are numerous radiation sources situated in a few waste disposal sites as well as the sources applied in medicine, science, education, industry, agriculture, which demand serious concern from safety and radiation protection point of view. Under cooperation with IAEA national Regulatory Control in the Field of Nuclear Protection and Safety was established since 1993. A number of governmental regulatory bodies supervise the following activities: radiation standardization; radiological supervision of sources storage, exploitation and disposal; radiological monitoring of radioactive substances, food products, building materials; supervision of personnel exposure and environmental exposure; investigation of radiological accidents; etc. In 1998, Moldova has joined The International Convention for early Notification of Nuclear Accidents; The Convention on Nuclear Safety; The Convention on Assistance in Case of Nuclear Accident of Radiological Emergency and The Convention on the Physical protection of Nuclear Material

  3. Ways of improving the investment climate in the Republic of Moldova. Case Study: Baltic States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta MIHAILOVA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Investment has become a strategic priority for Moldova due to the awareness that attracting investments and creating an appropriate business environment for the market economy, represent the basic factors that contribute to an improvement in productive capacity and an increase in competitiveness of an economy. The quality of the investment climate is linked to poverty reduction by the impact of better investment environments on private sector activity, and thus on economic growth and employment. This research paper evaluates the investment environment in details and determines the impact of the factors that influence it, in order to come up with solutions of removing those barriers to investment, therefore, improve the investment climate in the Republic of Moldova.

  4. COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT ON THE FINANCIAL - BANKING MARKET OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena FUIOR

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Banking and finance sectors of the Republic of Moldova the same as in other states are of great importance for sustainable development of the whole economy. The existence of normal competitive environment on the banking sector would provide the national economy with necessary inexpensive financial resources and would support the creation of banking and financial systems able to cope with competitive pressures from outside the country. Recent publications regarding the establishment of Moldovan banking sector highlighted several deficiencies in the relevant competitive environment. In this context, we propose an analysis of the competitive environment on the banking sector of the Republic of Moldova, identifying elements limiting competition and guidelines for the improvement of competitive aspects of Moldovan banking sector taking into account the experience of other countries. The analysis of EU countries experience together with suggested recommendations is expected to stimulate competition in the Moldovan finance sector as well as discourage anti-competitive practices.

  5. A GEOPOLITICAL STAKE: REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE EURASIAN UNION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea-Cristian Ghenghea

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Following the initialling of the Vilnius Agreement from 28-29 November 2013, the Republic of Moldova seemed to have entered the path towards the European integration. The great failure for the Brussels’ leaders was, by far, the Ukraine’s refuse to sign the Association Agreement, a decision placed on the account of Moscow’s influence and which proved once more the fact that the relations between the European Union and the Russian Federation have grown increasingly confrontational over the Eastern Partnership’s countries. In the context of the unrests in Kiev at the beginning of 2014 and subsequently of the pro-Russian movements in the South and East of the Ukrainian state, the Republic of Moldova has acquired a special significance within the geopolitical situation of the region, being regarded as an outpost of what certain analysts already consider to be the “New Cold War”.

  6. Landslide Susceptibility Assessment in the Central Part of Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ercanoglu, Murat; Boboc, Nicolae; Sirodoev, Igor; Ahmet Temiz, F.; Sirodoev, Ghenadi

    2010-05-01

    There has been an increasing interest in natural hazard assessments within the scientific community, particularly in the last two decades. In other respect, there is also a dramatically rising trend in the number of natural hazards. Growing population and expansion of settlements and lifelines over hazardous areas have largely increased the impact of natural disasters both in industrialized and developing countries. Furthermore, natural disasters such as earthquakes, landslides, floods have dramatic effects on human life, infrastructures, environment, and so on. Landslides, one of the most destructive natural hazards, constitute a major geological hazard throughout the world, like in Turkey and Moldova. There are a lot of regions affected by landslides in Turkey (particularly the West, Middle and East Black Sea Region) and Moldova (e.g.: area between Nisporeni, Calarasi, Balti, Western Rezina District, Codri Hills in Central Moldova etc.), and consequences of landslides are of great importance in the two countries. In the last 50 years' period, only the economic loss due to landslides in Turkey is estimated about 5 billion , and 12.5 % of the whole settlement areas, including big and populated cities, are facing landslide threat. Similar to Turkey, there are about 16000 areas affected by landslides in Moldova. In February-March, 1998 the intensity of landslides in the central part of Moldova, including Chisinau, considerably increased. In total, 357 private households involving 1400 people were affected, 214 houses were destroyed, and 137 were damaged. The total national damage accounted for 44.3 million Lei. At present on Moldavian territory, there are more than 17000 landslides of various types. These landslides are mostly located within Central Moldavian heights, one of the most complicated geomorphologic structure and territory's fragmentation. Among major landslide triggering factors, in addition to natural ones, one should also consider the anthropogenic

  7. Sub-Regional Cooperation of the Republic of Moldova on the South-East European Dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria DIACON

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Formation of the country image on the world arena can be analyzed from the perspective of sub-regional cooperation. In this respect, we emphasize that Moldova has joined a number of initiatives, programs and organizations which, by their status and the range of the promoted objectives, became "antechamber" to the European Union. Fixing the borders of the sub-regional cooperation area, we note that in the Central Europe Moldova attends the Central European Initiative, while in the South-East Europe are carried out activities in the South-East European Cooperation Process and the Organization for the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and assists in the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development GUAM.

  8. Safety aspects of radioactive waste transportation and storage in the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gasca, Iu.

    2009-01-01

    A special attention continues to be given to the management of radioactive wastes. The National Department of Radioactive Waste Management is a unique institute in Moldova that deals with reception, transportation and storage of radioactive wastes. It collaborates with International Atomic Energy Agency. The management of low- and intermediate-level waste has remained permanently focused at the IAEA work. In 2003 IAEA supported the construction and technique of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste repository in Moldova. During 2003-2005 the US Department of Energy supported financing of planning and building of the underground storage for keeping the installations with high-level radioactive sources with all safety systems (signalization, video-monitoring). In 2008 the construction of radioactive wastes conditioning station was initiated with support of the US Embassy's Bureau for military cooperation

  9. Operational safety of near surface waste disposal facilities in the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ursulean, I.; Balaban, V.

    2000-01-01

    Over the last few years, the Republic of Moldova, with assistance from the IAEA, undertook the establishment of the legislative and normative basis consisting of a regulatory body infrastructure, including a monitoring optimization strategy concerning radioactive waste management safety. At present the following work is underway: the introduction of a new law 'About Radiation Safety and Population Protection', the re-implementation of a normative base, and the incorporation of the IAEA Basic Safety Standards through the national legislation. Presently in the Republic of Moldova, there exists a system of radioactive waste management, comprising collection, disposal, transportation and storage. This system consists of the radioactive material users, the designated disposal facility and the regulatory bodies. (author)

  10. COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE LABOR MARKETS DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND UKRAINE

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    Victoria BLYZNIUK

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the article is due to the fact that the functioning of labour markets in theRepublic of Moldova and Ukraine is facing a number of serious problems. Among them, the most acuteare the problem of inefficient employment, the widespread informal employment, and the imperfect wagesystem. The aim of the research is to analyze the challenges and risks in the labour sphere of Moldova andUkraine, to identify commonalities and differences in the process of transforming the labour markets ofboth countries, and to develop proposals for resolving the most acute problems. Information base of theresearch is represented by data of national statistics, international databases, legislative and normativeacts. The authors are using the following methods: monographic, statistical, analogue based, andcomparison based ones. They proposes various measures to bring the minimum wage to Europeanstandards, reduce the level of informal employment, and improve the system of social protection of theunemployed.

  11. PROVIDING AGRICULTURAL RISKS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: TRENDS, PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES

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    Iulia CAPRIAN

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author presents results of scientific researches on the problems which farmers of the Republic of Moldova are facing in the field of risk management and insurance. In conclusion, the author formulates recommendations on farm managers’ opportunities to benefit from subsidized insurance, but also some recommendations resulting from the research of the experience of other countries from the European Union aimed to ensure the entrepreneurial risks in agricultural entities.

  12. Management of the impact on soil in Republic of Moldova: Problems and solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Petru BACAL

    2011-01-01

    The great impact on soils in Republic of Moldova is represented by the non-ecological exploitation of agricultural land, non-sanitation of rural space, massive negligence ofpopulation and local authorities, surveillance and control authorities of land resources. The most common form of impact on soils is erosion. Very rapid increase of the surfacesaffected by erosion is conditioned, in particular, by the non-compliance of environmental requirements to allocation and exploitation of agricultur...

  13. THE VEGETATION FROM THE SUPERIOR BASIN OF MOLDOVA, SUPPORT FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Petre SPÂNU; Constantin COCERHAN; Carmen NASTASE

    2017-01-01

    Through this study based on specialized documentaries and field research, we are looking for the promotion of the bio geographical potential of the Superior Basin of Moldova in which the forest vegetation prevails. The biodiversity and the exceptional aesthetic ambiance create the favourable premises for the development of ecotourism and the diversification of touristic activities in this area. The valuation of the bio geographical potential has in sight the vulnerability of the vegetation at...

  14. A general equilibrium evaluation of trade policy changes in Moldova Republic

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    S. Alanoca

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Taking into account that the economy of Moldova is open to the international markets, it is necessary to study the macroeconomic actions of the country, that are expressed in the elaboration of structural changes in the trade policy, in the exchange rate, in the evaluation of its influence on the Moldavian producers and consumers, and on the income of the government budget. These questions will be the object of the proposed article.

  15. FEATURES OF ACTIVE MEASURES OF LABOUR MARKET SUPPORT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Larisa PANTEA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Active labour market policy aims at rising labour force’s competitiveness to enhance adjustment between labour demand and supply. The measures of active labour market policy comprise vocational training and requalification, professional counseling, job search assistance etc. A special attention require active measures that increase labour force flexibility, i.e. its geographic and professional mobility. Present article has the goal to appreciate the efficiency of active measures in rising labour force employment in the Republic of Moldova.

  16. Is traditional contraceptive use in moldova associated with poverty and isolation?

    OpenAIRE

    Lyons-Amos, Mark J.; Durrant, Gabriele B.; Padmadas, Sabu S.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the correlates of traditional contraceptive use in Moldova, a poor country in Europe with one of the highest proportions of traditional contraceptive method users. The high reliance on traditional methods, particularly in the context of sub-replacement level fertility rate, has not been systematically evaluated in demographic research. Using cross-sectional data on a sub-sample of 6039 sexually experienced women from the 2005 Moldovan Demographic and Health Survey, thi...

  17. THE EVOLUTION OF THE INSURANCE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN TERMS OF CONCENTRATION INDEXES

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    Şeptelici Viorica

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of the insurance market in the Republic of Moldova during the first semester of 2011 was characterized by modest trends as regard the key indicators of the sector. Twenty four insurance companies and 68 insurance/reinsurance brokers operated during this period. Accordingly, competitive players are present on this segment, while the appearance of new players will boost the development of the insurance sector in the future.

  18. DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS AND PARTICULARITIES OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    BUICLI OLGA

    2017-01-01

    In this article are presented the aspects and the defining conceptions of the human resources management, their importance but also the necessity of some major changes in this domain from the autochthonous organisations. In this context, we are aiming to enhance economic efficiency of the companies from the Republic of Moldova by the help of the improvement of the human resources management. Elements, pecualiarities, definition and evolution of the concept human resources manageme...

  19. TAX ASPECTS OF TRANSFER PRICE REGULATION: PERSPECTIVE OF IMPLEMENTATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Veronica Vragaleva

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Within the past years, transfer pricing has become a significant issue to the tax authorities as well as broader business audience. In this context, studying the opportunity of implementation of such a mechanism in The Republic of Moldova it is a very important theme to discuss. Furthermore, based on the international experience (Croatia, The Czech Republic and Romania, in this paper is analyzed the most lacks which should be taken into consideration.

  20. ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA – TODAY’S CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana PISCHINA

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is interesting for businesses, including entrepreneurs and potential investors, as well as for the governmental organizations and public authorities. It provides both an evaluation of Moldova's position on the international socio-economic arena in context of globalization, and suggests action-points and recommendations potentially supporting the growth of the private sector, at the same time fighting poverty and enforcing sustainable economic growth. The purpose of the article is to investigate the influences and challenges of globalization, which, on the one hand, is a positive enabler of global economic development, yet on the other, is a proxy of growing inequality gap between developed and developing economies. Globalization limits the opportunities for qualitative economic growth for a number of developing countries, such as Republic of Moldova, that consequentially are trapped into the 'vicious circle' of poverty. Developing economies must find a way to survive, to restructure towards growth and to remain competitive. To do so they must innovate (technologically and otherwise, since they lack some of the key resources available to the developed industrial economies. One of the main conclusions of the paper suggests that in light of the forthcoming Fourth Industrial Revolution Moldova will have the possibility to ‘leapfrog’ through several stages of the structural ladder at a time entering the path towards qualitative economic growth. Thus, such nations as Moldova do have the potential to break out of the poverty circle and towards qualitative economic development. This particular study is based on the results of the analysis of both quantitative and qualitative indicators of growth of national and international relevance, allowing to track and interpret changes in the economic

  1. The Evolution of the Integration Process as Effect of the Treaties Signed between Republic of Moldova and European Union

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    Ilie MĂMĂLIGĂ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate the evolutive aspect of the political, economic and commercial development of Moldova’s relations with the European Union and the de jure and de facto adhesion to this European Forum. Thus, it argues and testifies that after 2024 Republic of Moldova will become a titular member of the European Union, also, it counts those 4 evolutive stages of the development of this process. In this way, it is specified the 3rd evolutive stage (2014-2020/24, particularly 2014, of the European integration process of Moldova in comparison with Romania and Bulgaria in 2001. It is demonstrated that the European integration of Moldova represents a perpetual process, which depends on and coincides with the process of the transnistrian conflict solving, and the signing the Republic of Moldova- EU Association Agreement and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement represents the effect of advancing to a new evolutive phase. These agreements substantiate on vertical and horizontal dimension of the economic relations with the European Union. So, it is noticed that the success of this progress represents the new agreements with favorable clauses for Moldova in comparison with the previous ones, stipulated in the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. As a consequence, it appears the passage to new phase of relation development with EU in comparison with the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement signed in 1994. Consequently, in a different hypothesis, it is put forward the idea of the accelerated advancement of the adhesion process of Moldova to the European Union after 2020, provided the resolution of the transnistrian conflict till that period, the gain of new market places of national products, the independent development of an economy based on renewable energy resources, such as eolian and solar energy etc. The liberalization of viza regime in 2014 represents the sine qua non condition of the intensification of Moldova

  2. THE MIDDLE CLASS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: DETERMINANT FACTORS OF FORMATION

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    Ludmila MALCOCI

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The research of the middle class formation process in the Republic of Moldova is of majorimportance, as it allows to identify its main elements and the possibilities of formation under the currentconditions. The article presents the results of the sociological study on the premises of the middle classformation in the Republic of Moldova, carried out during June-September 2016. The results from thisstudy show that the society is distributed in 6 social strata that vary by socio-professional status, level ofeducation and level of wellbeing. The status inconsistency and low level of status crystallisation arecharacteristics for all strata within the conditions of dysfunctionality of logical chain: education-socialoccupational status-welfare. As per the research, the process of classes’ formation is just at the initialstage in the Republic of Moldova. The analysis of the social strata in terms of middle class criteria: highsocio professional status, high education level, high level of welfare, shows some prospects of formationof the middle class in the upper strata within the following conditions: development of wage policies;reforming tax policies by promoting the progressive taxation of income; ensuring equitable distribution ofwages according to work; elimination of corruption in power structures; improving legislation; ensuringaccess of the population to decision – making process; creating favourable conditions for development ofsmall and medium business; development of a transparent environment for the market economy; guarantyof fair conditions to population to ensure access to education and health services.

  3. NATURE AND DRIVING FORCES OF STRIKE MOVEMENT IN MOLDOVA IN LATE 1980S

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    Галина Евгеньевна Слободянюк

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discloses the nature and driving forces of the republican protest strike movement in Moldova in the period of perestroika reformsand its impact on the emergence and development of the civil conflict,which became the catalyst for the territorial division of the republic and the creation of the self-proclaimed Transnistrian statehood.In the article there is presented the analysis of the process of formationand activity of the strike movement. The author shows that the United Council of LabourUnionswas the initiator, organizer and the main acting force of the protest of the workers' movement, defending the civil and constitutional rights of the Russian-speaking population of the Transdnistrian region of the Moldavian SSR. The article allows getting an idea of the ways and methods of struggle of the working movement against the Soviet Moldavia nationalist representatives of the Popular front, which operated on the territory of the republic of Moldova. Particular attention is paid to the reasons of occurrence and major activities of the strike movement.Moreover, there are analyzed the consequences of these actions for the further political development of Moldova.

  4. The first year post-Chernobyl events in the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bahnarel, I.

    2009-01-01

    The accident at Chernobyl NPP lead to the increasing of background radiation and to the radioactive contamination on the whole area of the Republic of Moldova. The first signs of decrease of radiation situation in Moldova after the accident were revealed in the second part of April 28, 1986. The radiation background reached 100-120 μR/hour. The content of artificial radio-nuclides in air, water, soil, foodstuffs increased. Monitoring of radiation background on the territory of the Republic of Moldova in the post- Chernobyl period was analyzed constantly. During this time the workers of sanitary-and-epidemiologic institution made more than 20,000 measurements of radiation background, 3,000 radiochemical investigations and 700 using gamma-spectrometry researches. In this period radiological laboratories made workshops for the paramedical workers, where they defined the objectives of activity for medical institutions in new conditions. The Ministry of Public Health banned food, in which the content of radioactive iodine, cesium and strontium was high.

  5. Injecting behaviour and service use among young injectors in Albania, Moldova, Romania and Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busza, Joanna; Douthwaite, Megan; Bani, Roland; Scutelniciuc, Otilia; Preda, Marian; Simic, Danijela

    2013-09-01

    This study examines socio-demographic profiles, injecting risk and use of health services among young injectors (15-24) in Albania, Moldova, Romania and Serbia. The objective was to provide age-disaggregated data to identify differences between adolescents (Romania, surveys were conducted in the capitals, respectively, Bucharest and Tirana. Respondents were recruited from 3 cities in Moldova (Chisinau, Balti and Tiraspol) and Serbia (Belgrade, Novi Sad and Nis). Data were collected on risk behaviours, service use and contact with police and other authorities. Analysis focused on associations between unsafe injecting behaviour and key determinants including demographic background, source of needles/syringes, use of harm reduction services and interactions with law enforcement. Although drug use and health-seeking varied across settings, sources of injecting equipment were significantly associated with sharing needles and syringes in Moldova, Romania and Serbia. Obtaining equipment from formal sources (pharmacies, needle-exchange programmes) reduced likelihood of sharing significantly, while being stopped by the police or incarcerated increased it. Adolescents relied on pharmacies more than public sector services to obtain equipment. Adolescents comprise a small proportion of PWID in this region, but have poorer access to harm reduction services than older peers. Engaging young PWID through private and public sector outlets might reduce unsafe practices, while use of the justice system to address drug use complicates efforts to reach this population. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Unpacking the Relationship between Parental Migration and Child well-Being: Evidence from Moldova and Georgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gassmann, Franziska; Siegel, Melissa; Vanore, Michaella; Waidler, Jennifer

    2018-01-01

    Using household survey data collected between September 2011 and December 2012 from Moldova and Georgia, this paper measures and compares the multidimensional well-being of children with and without parents abroad. While a growing body of literature has addressed the effects of migration for children 'left behind', relatively few studies have empirically analysed if and to what extent migration implies different well-being outcomes for children, and fewer still have conducted comparisons across countries. To compare the outcomes of children in current- and non-migrant households, this paper defines a multidimensional well-being index comprised of six dimensions of wellness: education, physical health, housing conditions, protection, communication access, and emotional health. This paper challenges conventional wisdom that parental migration is harmful for child well-being: while in Moldova migration does not appear to correspond to any positive or negative well-being outcomes, in Georgia migration was linked to higher probabilities of children attaining well-being in the domains of communication access, housing, and combined well-being index. The different relationship between migration and child well-being in Moldova and Georgia likely reflects different migration trajectories, mobility patterns, and levels of maturity of each migration stream.

  7. THE VEGETATION FROM THE SUPERIOR BASIN OF MOLDOVA, SUPPORT FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

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    Petre SPÂNU

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Through this study based on specialized documentaries and field research, we are looking for the promotion of the bio geographical potential of the Superior Basin of Moldova in which the forest vegetation prevails. The biodiversity and the exceptional aesthetic ambiance create the favourable premises for the development of ecotourism and the diversification of touristic activities in this area. The valuation of the bio geographical potential has in sight the vulnerability of the vegetation at anthropic actions and emphasizes on the protection measures and conservation of the environment. Our approach try to understand and analyze some of the components and natural ecosystems within the area of the Moldova valley, on the territory of the Suceava County, by emphasizing their scientific, biological, educational, and tourist importance. We can conclude that the development of future solutions in managing the problem on a local scale must necessarily be correlated with the regional, national and European policies and strategies The existence of the nine natural reservations in Moldova Basin on the territory of the Suceava county can be considered, with no reserve, as an opportunity of sustainable development of tourism, through the strategies of territorial development. The sustainable development of the analyzed region, represents a priority that should be based on the local resources and strategies for territorial development.

  8. THE DYNAMIC OF USING THE RIVERS ENERGY FROM REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA TERRITORY

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    DIANA BRAGA

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The dynamic of using the rivers energy from Republic of Moldova territory. One of the least explored and tapped energy sources in Moldova are the inland rivers. Considering the critical condition of the country regarding energy sources, it would be highly necessary to study the feasibility of hydraulic energy reserves. Although Moldova has no major rivers with a large flow of water, the network of small tributaries of its two large rivers, Dniester and Prut, could be used to a certain extent for partial power supply to villages situated along inland watercourses.The first scientific developments concerning the hydropower potential of the rivers in Bessarabia belong to professor D. Pavel. Around 1933 he was suggesting a series of hydro-technical facilities on Prut and Dniester rivers and their tributaries. Subsequently, in the ‘40s of the 20th century the first power plants were built on small rivers. After World War II some small hydropower plants, built during the interwar period, had been restored and some other put into operation. These include the plant at Dubăsari with a capacity of 48 MW that started operating in 1954 on Dniester River, and the hydroelectric complex at Costeşti -Stânca with a capacity of 16 MW, in 1978 on the River Prut. Nevertheless, the leverage of hydroelectric resources is not significant, only 23 being used nowadays, which is 7% of the hydropower potential - a rather modest number compared to other states.

  9. Movie posters from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

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    Vera Stăvilă

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of research of the collection of movie posters from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova. It was found that the posters cover the period of 1960-80-ies and reflect the artistic work of the studio "Moldova-Film" and activity of filmmakers E. Loteanu, V. Jereghi, V. Ioviţă, V. Brescanu, V. Gagiu, etc. In addition, the posters illustrate the filmography of actors S. Toma, Gr. Grigoriu, V. Soţchi-Voinicescu, Maria Sagaidac, M. Bădicheanu, V. Cupcea, S. Finiti, I. Arachelu, C. Târţău, I. Cucuruzac, C. Constantinov, and others. Most posters in the collection were signed by painters from the USSR and were printed in the Moscow Publishing House „Reclamfilm", even movie posters on the studio "Moldova-Film" products. The largest circulation of movie posters was in the 1970s. The largest was the circulation of posters for feature films „Theft" (1970 and „Reserve Officer" (1971 - 170 000 copies, as well as for the film „The Gypsy Camp Vanishes into the Blue" (1976 - 147 000 copies.

  10. Counteraction towards the Trafficking of “Human Beings”: The Experience of The Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeriu Moşneaga

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the attempts made by the Republic of Moldova to take measures against the traffic of human beings. Sexual migration as a mass social phenomenon began in Moldova in the mid 1990s. According to the estimates of experts, today 20,000 to 30,000 people are caught up in it. The reasons forcing people into sexual migration are the socio-economic crisis and the low standard of living of the population. The main destinations of sexual migration from Moldova are Italy, Cyprus, Turkey, Germany, Russia and the Balkan countries. The main route of the traffic in live merchandise goes over the Balkans. The paper identifies four main social groups that voluntarily or by coercion are most often drawn into sexual migration. On the basis of social research, the social portrait of victims of this traffic is presented, and its socio-demographic, economic and organisational traits are described. The authors of the text show that opposition to trafficking in live merchandise has a complex character, which involves integration into the international mechanisms that combat it, using the experience and aid of the international community, and co-ordination of the actions of legislative bodies, of international structures and non-government organisations, both on a national and international level. The authors single-out three main directions of countering the traffic in live merchandise: 1 Prevention of the traffic by providing information to the population on its consequences. Analysis of the press made by the Moldovan non-government organisation for public information showed that the problem of trafficking of women was already an public opinion issue in Moldova. 2 Penalties for persons that organise, recruit and forward “live merchandise”. The article describes the development of legislation in Moldova and the introduction of stricter measures. At the same time, the authors conclude that these measures are so far not sufficiently efficient. 3

  11. Expansion of health insurance in Moldova and associated improvements in access and reductions in direct payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hone, Thomas; Habicht, Jarno; Domente, Silviu; Atun, Rifat

    2016-12-01

    Moldova is the poorest country in Europe. Economic constraints mean that Moldova faces challenges in protecting individuals from excessive costs, improving population health and securing health system sustainability. The Moldovan government has introduced a state benefit package and expanded health insurance coverage to reduce the burden of health care costs for citizens. This study examines the effects of expanded health insurance by examining factors associated with health insurance coverage, likelihood of incurring out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for medicines or services, and the likelihood of forgoing health care when unwell. Using publically available databases and the annual Moldova Household Budgetary Survey, we examine trends in health system financing, health care utilization, health insurance coverage, and costs incurred by individuals for the years 2006-2012. We perform logistic regression to assess the likelihood of having health insurance, incurring a cost for health care, and forgoing health care when ill, controlling for socio-economic and demographic covariates. Private expenditure accounted for 55.5% of total health expenditures in 2012. 83.2% of private health expenditures is OOP payments-especially for medicines. Healthcare utilization is in line with EU averages of 6.93 outpatient visits per person. Being uninsured is associated with groups of those aged 25-49 years, the self-employed, unpaid family workers, and the unemployed, although we find lower likelihood of being uninsured for some of these groups over time. Over time, the likelihood of OOP for medicines increased (odds ratio OR = 1.422 in 2012 compared to 2006), but fell for health care services (OR = 0.873 in 2012 compared to 2006). No insurance and being older and male, was associated with increased likelihood of forgoing health care when sick, but we found the likelihood of forgoing health care to be increasing over time (OR = 1.295 in 2012 compared to 2009). Moldova has

  12. Nordea - investeering tulevikku / Alvar Jõgeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeva, Alvar

    2004-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Põhja- ja Baltimaade juhtiva finantskontserni Nordea senist käekäiku, nähes selles üsna stabiilset pikaajalist investeeringut ning prognoosib aktsia hinna kasvu tulevikus. Diagramm: Nordea aktsia alustas tõusutrendi; Kasumile ennustatakse jätkuvat kasvu. Vt. samas: Carnegie soovitab aktsiat osta

  13. Comerţul intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare in Republica Moldova: aspecte şi tendinţe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana CIMPOIEŞ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the agri-food trade of Moldova from different aspects of intra-industry trade. The aim is to estimate the trend and extent of intra-industry trade in agri-food products of Moldova. The time series from 2001-2015 are examined. According to the obtained results, the level of intra-industry trade in agricultural and food products for Moldova is quite high (78%, fact which indicates a decline of trade relationships with EU countries and an increase with CIS countries. For most commodity groups the values of Grubel Lloyd index present a high average variability over time, fact which reflects the structural changes in Moldova’s agri-food trade. The values of A indices are very low and indicate that most of changes in trade flows had been inter-industrial in nature and probably generated high adjustment costs. The switching results of the B index of marginal intra-industry trade indicate that Moldova’s position on these markets considerably improved and strengthened. Rezumat. În lucrarea dată se analizează fluxurile comerciale cu produse agroalimentare din Republica Moldova sub diferite aspecte ale comerţului intraindustrial. Scopul lucrării este de a estima tendinţa şi dimensiunea comerţului intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare din Republica Moldova. Perioada analizată include datele din anii 2001-2015. Conform rezultatelor obţinute, nivelul comerţului intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare pentru Republica Moldova este destul de înalt (78%, şi indică asupra unei diminuări în relaţiile comerciale cu ţările Uniunii Europene (UE şi o majorare în ceea ce priveşte ţările din Comunitatea Statelor Independente (CSI. Pentru majoritatea grupelor de mărfuri indicele Grubel Lloyd prezintă o variabilitate medie înaltă pe parcursul perioadei analizate, ceea ce reflectă schimbările structurale ce au avut loc în comerţul agroalimentar al Republicii Moldova. Indicele A prezintă valori joase, ceea ce

  14. ANALIZA INTERACȚIUNII INDICATORILOR MONETARI ȘI DE CREDIT ÎN ECONOMIA REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

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    Tudor SULA

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available În scopul eficientizării activității sistemului de credit și activizării creditării investiționale a sectorului real al econo­miei Republicii Moldova, în baza datelor statistice a fost efectuată analiza dinamicii și structurii masei monetare, inclu­siv a interacțiunii indicatorilor monetari și de credit, precum și a factorilor care influențează asupra evoluției indicatorilor monetari și de credit pe parcursul perioadei 2005-2016. Astfel, pentru eficientizarea activității sistemului de credit al Republicii Moldova la etapa actuală este necesară promovarea unei politici monetare bazate pe corelarea și ajustarea indicatorilor macroeconomici, monetari și de credit; pentru atingerea obiectivelor politicii monetare, sunt necesare noi abordări și practici internaționale, inclusiv cele recomandate de organizațiile financiare internaționale privind îmbunătă­țirea supravegherii prudențiale; Banca Națională a Moldovei urmează să efectueze o conlucrare mai eficientă cu Guvernul Republicii Moldova pentru asigurarea suficientă cu resurse investiționale a necesităților sectorului real al economiei.ANALYSIS OF THE INTERACTION BETWEEN THE MONETARY AND CREDITING INDICATORS IN MOLDOVA'S ECONOMYIn order to streamline the activity of the credit system and activate the investment crediting of the real sector of the economy of the Republic of Moldova, on the basis of statistical data, there was performed an analysis of the dynamics and the structure of money supply, including the analysis of the interaction between the monetary and crediting indicators, as well as of factors influencing on the evolution of monetary and crediting indicators during the period 2005-2016. Thus, in order to streamline the activity of the credit system of the Republic of Moldova at present, it is necessary to promote a monetary policy based on the correlation and adjustment of the macroeconomic, monetary and credit indicators; to achieve the

  15. Knowledge and attitudes towards disability in Moldova: A qualitative study of young people's views.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Kenneth A; Hardie, Samantha; Paul, Abigail; Paul, Gary; Savage, Iain; Shields, Paul; Symes, Rebecca; Wilson, Joanna; Winstanley, Catherine; Harden, Jeni

    2017-10-01

    People with disabilities in the Republic of Moldova continue to experience considerable discrimination and social exclusion. The Moldovan government recently affirmed their commitment to promote community integration. However, there remains limited evidence to facilitate understanding of these issues, and barriers to the integrative process. This study explored the knowledge and attitudes towards disability of young people within Moldova. A qualitative approach was adopted and 3 semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with schoolchildren (n = 12), aged 13-15 years. These interviews focussed on different aspects of disability, and community integration. Pictorial and written vignettes were used to stimulate discussion. The interviews were conducted and recorded in Romanian, and were subsequently translated into English to facilitate thematic data analysis. Identified themes included: (1) Knowledge and understanding of disability. The young people's knowledge was limited and framed by the medical model of disability; (2) Attitudes towards community integration. A bias against long-term care institutions, but differing views regarding integration; (3) Perceptions of barriers to community integration: (i) Cultural barriers. Negative, even hostile attitudes towards disability; (ii) Policy barriers. Poor support services; and (iii) Physical barriers. Ongoing issues regarding accessibility. People with disabilities in Moldova experience negative cultural attitudes linked to an outdated conception of disability itself. There are inadequate community support services and infrastructure which act as barriers to inclusion. At present, there can be limited interaction and participation of people with disabilities within local communities, and so few opportunities to refute persistent stereotypes and stigma surrounding disability. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. ESTIMATING ANNUAL SOIL LOSS BY WATER EROSION IN THE MIDDLE PRUT PLAIN, REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    TUDOR CASTRAVEŢ

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Estimating annual soil loss by water erosion in the middle Prut Plain, Republic of Moldova. Modern technology has provided efficient tools such as advanced models and Geographic Information Systems to facilitate decision making for environmental management. Studies at this subject are available in literature, ranging from those that use a simple model such as USLE to others of a more sophisticated nature. In this study the model selected (modified Universal Soil Loss Equation – USLE and the case itself is kept simple due to significant limitations in data on land processes. An effective investigation of soil loss by using GIS – USLE integration requires spatially distributed data on several parameters describing the terrain surface. Such parameters include topography, rainfall characteristics, soil types, vegetation, land use, and the similar. In Republic of Moldova data on most of these parameters are collected often on a local or individual basis, and therefore, a well-organized regional or basin-wide database is not available. In the Republic of Moldova soil erosion is often as high as 30 tons/ha/year and more than 1.4*106 ha run a potential risk of erosion (Summer & Diernhof, 2003. The model estimated an annual quantity of soil eroded ranging over the Prut River tributaries watersheds between the mean values of 6.2 and 20.4 t/ha/yr. Much of the areas are within the range 10-20 t/ha/yr. The highest values of the quantity of eroded soil is carried out on strong inclined slopes corresponding to areas with agricultural lands and herbaceous vegetation. The results have shown that GIS can be effectively used to investigate critical regions within a basin with respect to erosion.

  17. Theoretical reference on the evaluation of professional performances of public servants in the Republic of Moldova

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    Ana VARZARI

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Staff policy in public administration must be based on the principle of merit. In the Republic of Moldova, performance management is the less used concept and has been approached in the specialized literature, but there is an evolving evolution. The efficiency and effectiveness of public administration can only be achieved with a professional body of civil servants. The performance and effectiveness of public administration activity, both at central and local level, is approached by Moldovan authors in multiple analytical studies and scientific communications.

  18. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE IN DECISION MAKING ON THE LABOR MARKET OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Galina GLOBA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Implementation of the business intelligence concept is enabling new opportunities for the labor market research and management. Labor market intelligence means a competent decision making process in the labor market. Such process should be based on the comprehensive set of analytical technologies and tools. The analysis of online information available at websites of state organizations working in the labor market of the Republic of Moldova has shown that many them are still at the very beginning of the effective data using.

  19. Republic of Moldova – the success story of the Eastern Partnership

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    Vasile Rotaru

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The power change in Ukraine and the violent crackdown on the post electoral protestors in Belarus jeopardize the Eastern Partnership. The EU’s efforts to democratize and stabilize its eastern border could become more and more difficult if Brussels does not find quickly a solution to keep the six partners interested in its projects. This paper examines the latest challenges of the Eastern Partnership and the reasons why the Republic of Moldova could be the successful story the Eastern Partnership is seeking.

  20. AGRI-FOOD TRADE - A PATH TO AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF MOLDOVA

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    Liliana CIMPOIES

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study we try to assess the progress in the development of the agricultural sector of Moldova. As indicator of the successful/unsuccessful development of the agri-food sector may serve the foreign trade activity. Thus, in the given research is analyzed the changes in the agri-food trade structure during 2007-2011, the competitiveness of the agricultural sector and the pattern trade flows. For this aim was computed Gruber-Lloyd index for evaluating the intra-industrial trade in this period, and RTA index for inter industrial trade. As well, some policy measures necessary for further integration will be discussed.

  1. Technical and scientific support organizations and strengthening of nuclear regulation (Case study of Moldova)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buzdugan, Artur; Buzdugan, Aurelian

    2010-01-01

    Authors present arguments for establishing of technical and scientific support organizations (TSO) infrastructure as obligatory components of the national radiation protection and nuclear safety infrastructure. In the small countries, like the Republic of Moldova, characterized by insufficient development of nuclear technologies, different social, economic, scientific and, why not, national peculiarities impose opportunity of efficient interaction of regulatory body with TSO. Are presents certain examples of interaction of those organizations. As mentioned, that synergy of such interaction will contribute essentially in implementation of adequate nuclear culture in the country. (author)

  2. Reflections on The Possibility of Using Statistical Analysis Science and Innovation in The Republic of Moldova

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    Turcan (Susu Aurelia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The evaluation and comparability of statistics indicators of the   science and innovation  on international background reflect country competitiveness and it position regarding field of science, innovation and distribution of new technologies. Better comprehensions of the factors that contribute at the success in these fields are helped by using proper indicators like instruments of identification of the best practice. But the system of indicators is developed only for the ”science”. The ”innovation” in Moldova is not covered by statistical work and can only be assessed indirectly.

  3. FISCAL POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE FISCAL CONTROL AND ENTITY BEHAVIOR

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    Olimpiu GHERMAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It is an actual theme, determined by achievements of tax control in Moldova and its impact on the behaviour of the entity as important elements of fiscal policy. There are examined different methods for differentiating the problem, supplemented by deduction, induction, synthesis, analysis of defining phenomena of fiscal policy and its elements. The methodology used in this study is based on assessments of the theory, studies and interpretations of specialized literature and analyzes the practical activities specific for taxation at national, European and international levels, depending on which some opinions, conclusions and proposals were founded and formulated, to minimize the impact of tax evasion and fraud.

  4. THE IMPACT OF NATURAL RISKS ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Elena NIREAN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Climate, topography and soil are natural conditions of basic agricultural yields. In general, Moldova has favorable climatic conditions and relief. Soils in the North have a high degree of fertility, while the central and southern regions are of average fertility. At the same time natural calamities such as droughts, late spring frosts, hail and floods have a destructive impact on crops. Climate instability is one of the main causes of unstable yields and is an inherent risk for agriculture of the country. More than that, most of the plots lose their natural fertility and require rehabilitation.

  5. THE PROBLEMS OF HISTORICAL PERIODIZATION OF THE PIANO MUSIC FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    HATIPOVA INNA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present article the author analyzes the problems of historical periodization of the autochthonous works for piano from a modern perspective in order to appreciate the artistic value of the works for piano created by the composers of the Republic of Moldova and to determine the contribution of the authors to the historical development of pianistic art. The objective lawfulness of the historical development of the autochthonous composers’ works for piano and the main trends in the formation of these works are in the spotlight.

  6. Evaluation of vegetation diversity of the limestone quarry „Lafarge Ciment” (Moldova) S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    CERTAN Corina; BULIMAGA Constantin; GRABCO Nadejda

    2018-01-01

    Actual floristic research is focused on the study of the flora biodiversity and elaboration of a management plan in order to recover the flora of the „Lafarge Cement” (Moldova) S.A. quarry ecosystem. The study refers to the taxonomic investigation of the floristic diversity on adjacent to the quarry and in the proper quarry. In the frame of the study 117 species of magnoliophyta from 43 families were identified in the study area. The quarry dendroflora is represented by 20 species of arbors a...

  7. ESTIMATING HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL OF SMALL RIVERS OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA USING GIS

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    T. CASTRAVEŢ

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Estimating hydropower potential of small rivers of Republic of Moldova using GIS, The increasing demand for energy, especially from renewable and sustainable sources, spurs the development of small hydropower plants and encourages investment in new survey studies (Larentis et al., 2010. Preliminary hydropower survey studies usually carry huge uncertainties about the technical, economic and environmental feasibility of the undeveloped potential. This paper presents a methodology for hydropower potential sites assessment. The sequence of procedures to identify hydropower sites is based on remote sensing data and streamflow and rainfall data and was automated within GIS environment.

  8. PROTECTION OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN ROMANIA AND REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. GUIDELINES

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    Roxana Alina Petraru

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In light of recent conflicts on the issue of minorities and European regulations, the issue of the protection of minority rights appears to be increasingly more important in a world of multiculturalism, which should be a world of dialogue and respect of human rights as well. The fundamental principles of protection of minority rights in Romania and Moldova are reflected, first, by the constitutions of both countries. In this article we analyze comparatively the two fundamental documents and we focus on the reflection of the principle of nondiscrimination based on race or ethnic origin in the national law of the two states.

  9. Soil resources management – the fundamental basis for sustainable development in the Republic of Moldova

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    Tatiana TOFAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Integrated management of soil resources and local community infrastructure of the Republic of Moldova can be resolved at the state level with strengthen the efforts of all participants from administrative, scientific and industrial sectors. The benefits of this action can be obtained by aggregation of factors and consequences that have or may be held as a result of regulatory decisions in order to create a favorable climate for management in the structure of local government, with optimal results for the development of national economy.

  10. TRENDS IN THE WINE SECTOR EFFICIENCY IN AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES IN MOLDOVA

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    Elena TIMOFTI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the level of development of the wine sector in agricultural enterprises of the Republic of Moldova during 2001-2011. It was analyzed the dynamic of fruit bearing surfaces of the vine, global production and the yield per 1 ha. There were determined the indicators of economic efficiency the grapes and the trend of modifying the wine sector’s efficiency for the years 2013-2016 using analytical leveling process according to linear function.

  11. LUMINIŢA ROŞCA, Transformations of Journalism in the Republic of Moldova: Discourses, Actors and Professional Identity

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    VALENTINA PRICOPIE

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the indicators of the transformation of journalism as profession in the Republic of Moldova. It focuses on the practitioners'anticipation of a stable professional configuration and identity in the context of a potential liberalization of the media market in this country.

  12. The Perspectives of Green Economy in the Republic of Moldova under the Impact of Ecologization World Economy Megatrend

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    Zorina SHISHCAN

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors have outlined the conceptual methodology in the field as well as the relevant Strategies, Programs and Projects implemented in European Union and Republic of Moldova, and have figured out the key elements as well as the perspectives of green economy development in the country.

  13. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION ON THE FINANCIAL PUBLIC MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Lilia ROTARU

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available European integration is not just a goal of the foreign policy of the Republic of Moldova, but also a natural aspiration of an European nation to join the European family and the signing of the Association Agreement between Moldova and the European Union is an important step in achieving this goal. The Republic of Moldova has developed and continues to promote rigorous reforms in the area of public finance management. In this article we have analyzed the main reforms and achievements in the field of public finance management in the Republic of Moldova, their importance by reference to good European practices, but also the need to continue them in the context of signing the Association Agreement. The authors argue that until now, the public finance management reform had been focused mainly on the planning and execution phases of National Public Budget, nonetheless the main problems lay in poor budgetary reporting and control. Corruption and fraud are the main risk areas for all the promoted reforms. The conclusion of this paper is that the most urgent actions that should be undertaken consist in improving public procurement procedures, enhancing the internal control, financial inspection and external audit. Only in such a way trustful relation with EU could be created and this is particularly important as it could permit to absorb more European funds to invest in the economic and social development in our country.

  14. Economic, social and gender aspects of the international migration in Moldova

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    Dorin VACULOVSCHI

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available International labor migration is one of the most marked phenomenon that characterize the current situation on the Moldovan labor market. Geographical and gender distribution in labor migration is largely determined by the type of work that provide migrant workers. Women migrate to provide domestic and care services abroad, delegating in the same time their responsibilities in this area to other people, leads to the constitution of so-called global care chains. Migration with the purpose of study in Moldova is accompanied by a negative phenomenon, of the departure of highly qualified specialists. International migration of highly skilled labor, known as "brain drain"clearly evokes a loss of intellectual capital. Moldova continues to be characterized as an origin country of human beings trafficking, being at lesser extent a country of transit of human trafficking victims from NIS countries to Europe. The lack of some measures from the Government on “human capital loss” problem will essentially reduce the chances of exit from the crisis.

  15. PREMISES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN EUROPEAN CONTEXT

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    Grigore BELOSTECINIC

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Applying the principles of sustainable development and ensuring sustainable economic development are of primordial actuality for the Republic of Moldova. Promoting sustainable development presupposes correlating economic growth with improving the quality of life and health, education, social development and environmental protection. The issue of sustainable development as a complex phenomenon is approached under the conditions of the influence exerted by some constraints and restrictions, of the existence of some serious economic, social and technological gaps in regional and European context. The analysis of the external commercial flows of goods highlights the predominance in exports of products from the traditional economic sectors. Improving competitiveness of export is regarded as the decisive factor of sustainable economic growth. For the chapter regarding the reform of the investment climate, modest successes are recorded which did not give the necessary impetus to massive foreign capital entries under the form of foreign direct investments as compared with other Central and Eastern European countries. The low attractiveness for foreign direct investments is attenuated by the small size of the local market and the low purchasing power of the population. Ensuring economic sustainable development is approached within the context of creating the necessary premises and valuing the opportunities provided by the protects for European integration of the Republic of Moldova.

  16. LOCAL FOOD SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

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    Victor MOROZ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The main challenge of the food sector in the Republic of Moldova is to identify specific needs and opportunities for agriculture and rural development throughout food supply chains, and focusing investment in areas where the most impact will be made. The identification and allocation of resources requires analysis of main dimensions of food supply chains, in order to establish links and determine local factors. In small transition economies the diagnosis of the food supply chains, is typically based on limited data and incomplete information. In order to investigate the actual state of food supply chains were used specific methods and techniques: statistical and economic analysis of macro-economic indicators, semi-structured interviews of key stakeholders, analysis of the impact of public policies on the agro-food sector. In the article is analyzed the process of food systems formation and integration at the local and global level. Although it is a small part of the overall agricultural sector, various local food systems are under development in the Republic of Moldova. These systems bring consumers in close contact with farmers and mobilize them to support local farms and sustainable farming practices. While local food systems continue to face many barriers, many of them show considerable potential for growth.

  17. Competitiveness and Economic Growth through Education and Investments: The Case of Moldova

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    Tatiana PÎŞCHINA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores and emphasizes the importance of education and innovation activity for competitiveness, and qualitative economic growth, using the case study of the Republic of Moldova. Specifically in context of globalization, when developing nations experience pressures of economic and societal imbalances, the importance of basic cornerstones of the economy cannot be overestimated. Starting with education, an economy builds the platform to nurture and hopefully retain talent. Entrepreneurs create new business streams, new products and services, and new areas for investment. Investments, in their turn, can be used as another powerful mechanism to obtain quality in economic growth. Besides necessary investments in infrastructure and healthcare, investments into science, technology and various R&D activities that lead up to the increased share of high-technology in the GDP structure of countries like Moldova are necessary, as well as possible due to high potential of Moldova’s skilled population making up for the lack of other resources available to the developed economies. In this context, economic competitiveness and qualitative growth by importing, adapting, implementing and developing new technologies, can be reached by the industrializing economies sooner than expected.

  18. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC AGEING PROCESS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Olga SÂRBU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this paper consists in analyzing economic and social aspects of demographic aging process in Moldova. To interpret the accumulated data and calculations performed analytical method of calculation tabular method and graphical method was applied. Intense process of aging is associated with changes in all spheres of social and economic life and affects equally the interests of older people and society as a whole. In Republic of Moldova aging population has grown in the last two decades, being conditioned both declining birth rate, which is very low and does not provide simple reproduction of the population and the mass migration of population that leads to the depopulation of the country. Maintaining the natural and migration increase with negative values amplifies the negative demographic deterioration of the country, which influences economic development, competitiveness and stability of the country and welfare of its citizens. In this situation it is necessary to respond positively to the challenges of demographic change through the complex and multisectoral approaches designed to correct current unfavorable demographic evolutions.

  19. Assessing and Improving Children's Rights in Hospitals: Case Studies from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isabel Fernandes Guerreiro, Ana; Kuttumuratova, Aigul; Monolbaev, Kubanychbek; Boderscova, Larisa; Pirova, Zulfiya; Weber, Martin W

    2016-06-01

    There is a recognized need to raise evidence on how to adopt human rights-based approaches (HRBAs) to health and to assess their impact. In 2013 and 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe used a set of tools to assess and improve the situation of children's rights in 11 hospitals in Kyrgyzstan, 10 hospitals in Tajikistan, and 21 hospitals in Moldova, by applying a HRBA to health, taking as a reference the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment results show a similar situation across countries in some areas, and more or less significant variation in others. Common gaps include the need to improve adolescent-friendly health services, the rights to privacy and play; and infrastructure and equipment. In Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, a second round of assessment, was carried out, which showed an effective change in several areas, whilst other areas showed persistent gaps. Moldova did not carry out a second round of assessment. Involving children and parents in the assessment was crucial to obtain more reliable data; the project showed how to use the CRC as a framework to improve quality of care for children (QoC); and the tools were proven useful for self-assessment.

  20. Problemele politicii investiţionale în economia Republicii Moldova

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    Nadejda NAZAR

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Politica de investiţii a statului este de a dezvolta un set de măsuri de atragere a investiţiilor în economie. Direcţiile de bază ale politicii de investiţii în Republica Moldova, pentru a asigura realizarea obiectivelor strategice ale Moldovei, sunt reflectate în acest articol. Analizând situaţia din republică, sectorul de investiţii poate formula factori negativi pentru a atrage investiţii în dezvoltarea antreprenoriatului în Moldova: situaţia politică instabilă, corupţia şi birocraţia, lipsa de resurse umane calificate, infrastructura modestă etc. Pentru dezvoltarea climatului investiţional, este necesar să se îmbunătăţească managementul administraţiei centrale şi locale, pentru a ajuta investitorii la fiecare etapă a procesului investiţional. Următoarele sectoare prioritare ale economiei naţionale pentru atragerea investiţiilor pot fi evidenţiate: servicii pentru antreprenori, dezvoltarea produselor tehnologiilor informaţionale, dezvoltarea industriei electronice, dezvoltarea industriei uşoare, producerea de piese pentru automobile, sectorul agroindustrial, turismul, logistica în transport.

  1. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DIMENSIONS OF BUSINESS CONSULTING MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Natalia LOBANOV

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Business-consulting services, as well as any other product, are designed to be sold;however, the recipients of such services shouldrecognize the need to invest in harnessing organizational knowledge of the enterprise, which requires a certain level of economic maturity,managerial intelligence and well developed management skills. On the other hand, the domain of business consulting services is determined by the availability of market knowledge, professional experience and technologies that match those organizational and production problems that require intervention to be resolved. These technologies and knowledge have to be systematized, adapted and incorporated into a form that allows its use and transmission by the consultant to the customer during advisory mission. This study has the aim to determine the interdependencies between supply for business consulting services in the Republic of Moldova,and for this purpose, there were investigated the following aspects: the identification of factors of influence and trends that are manifested on the local advisory services; market research performance made by an industrial survey in order to assess the situation on the market of consulting services, its advantages and constraints; formulating estimates of market development forecasts for consulting services in Moldova for the period of 2016-2020.

  2. DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS AND PARTICULARITIES OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    BUICLI OLGA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article are presented the aspects and the defining conceptions of the human resources management, their importance but also the necessity of some major changes in this domain from the autochthonous organisations. In this context, we are aiming to enhance economic efficiency of the companies from the Republic of Moldova by the help of the improvement of the human resources management. Elements, pecualiarities, definition and evolution of the concept human resources management are presented in the vision of different authors. In case of the organizations from the Republic of Moldova the modernization of the old habits dominated by the authorities, the absence of a professional approach of the human resources, represents a significant change, which must be fulfilled and which led to the necessity of the approach of this problem. In conclusion the potential of the human resources and implicitly of the management of the human resources are emphsized by the help of scientifical arguments, as also the proposals, which would contribute to the improvement of the situation in this domain of activity

  3. NORMA CU PRIVIRE LA RESPONSABILITATEA REDUSĂ ÎN LEGEA PENALĂ A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

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    Stela BOTNARU

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Scopul urmărit în acest articol rezidă în realizarea unei analize detaliate atât a avantajelor, cât şi a dezavantajelor normei juridico-penale cu privire la responsabilitatea redusă ce se conţine în legea penală a Republicii Moldova. Sunt examinate amănunţit opiniile doctrinare întâlnite în literatura de specialitate juridică şi în cea psihiatrică cu privire la oportunitatea introducerii responsabilităţii reduse în calitate de cauză care diminuează răspunderea penală a făptuitoru-lui. În rezultatul cercetării autorul ajunge la concluzia că existenţa normei juridico-penale cu privire la responsabilitatea redusă este un pas corect, însă redacţia actuală a acestei norme urmează a fi revizuită şi modificată în conformitate cu rezultatele de ultimă oră ale ştiinţei şi practicii psihiatrice şi juridice.LEGAL NORM ON DIMINISHED RESPONSIBILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE SUBSTANTIVE CRIMINAL LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA The purpose of the present article consists in the detailed explanation of the advantages and disadvantages of the legal norm concerning the diminished responsibility which is contained in the Substantive Criminal Law of the Republic of Moldova. In the realm of this study the author has submitted to a meticulous examination different opinions form the special legal literature as well as psychiatric one, regarding the opportunity of introduction of diminished responsibility as a circumstance which mitigates criminal liability of the offender. As a result, the author has demonstrated that existence of criminal legal norm on diminished responsibility constitutes a correct legislative decision, at the same time the present edition of this norm must be revised and modified in accordance with the finest results of juridical and psychiatric science.

  4. THE GRAPES AND WINE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: TRENDS AND INSIGHTS

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    Simion CERTAN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Grapes and wine products were and are symbolizing both the agriculture and economy of Moldova. Until the 90s of last century the main consumer of our drinks was the Russian Federative Republic. On its markets we sold more than four fifths of wines from grapes and more than 90 percent of sparkling wine. After the approval of the Declaration of Independence (August 27, 1991, our country has made considerable efforts to reform the national economy, to transition from centrally managed economy to a market economy that - and allows the manufacturer to direct activities according to demand and primarily domestic market. The request of grapes and grape products on the domestic market rules according to our traditions and previous practice and must be covered entirely by the local production. The national market for vine products is characterized by excessive fluctuations generated by the dynamics of production of grapes and processed products thereof, price volatility, increased competition, etc. Grapes and grape products obtained in Moldova exceed the domestic market demand and our country is doomed to commercial relations with other countries and/or groups of countries. The emergence of new socio-economic system open to the world triggered the joint efforts of the international community's own produced undoubtedly important changes not only in shape, but also background in trade flows and wine grapes. The European Union has been and remains an important actor of major interest to us. The signing and ratification in 2014 of the Association Agreement between Moldova and the European Union will definitely contribute to increase the sales in the Common Market of the European Union, but our country is required to know the trade policies of the EU and should adjust its national trade policy to the EU requirements. In the paper the authors reflect on the grapes and grape products market, studying the import and export of such products, seek practical

  5. THE SPECIFICS OF NATIONAL REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Tatiana M. TOFAN

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The experience in the Republic of Moldova during 2010-2014 period to implement the National Strategy of Regional Development, has demonstrated the need to develop monitoring and evaluation methodology of these strategy, and put accent on the development of regional statistics, on the indicators of projects, regions and the national level, on the development of methodology for assessing the impact of the projects, to ensure the dissemination of results in monitoring and evaluation by placing the information on the website of the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction and Regional Development Agencies in periodic newsletters. To ensure transparency in monitoring and evaluation in the implementation of regional development policy confirms the responsibility of actors involved in the area, condition the right to take effective measures to correct the activities which do not correspond to the policy and provides the opportunity to examine the dynamics of the processes of socio-economic development of the regions.

  6. VLADIMIR AXIONOV – THE ACCOMPLISHED MAN OF MUSICOLOGY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GHILAŞ VICTOR

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the personality of the scholar and university professor Vladimir Axionov – a notorious name in the national musical culture of the Republic of Moldova. The thematic content establishes several marks of his activity trying to bring value to the musician’s personality for getting to know him better. He committed himself to musicological research and university teaching activities, which occurred at all stages of his life for about four decades. The proposed analytical approach reveals the celebrated person’s thorough professional training, which coupled with the methodical qualities, developed in time, enabled him to attract the students’ interest in the study of music, combining the scientific rigour with harmony and consistency with composure in the educational process. Reviewing Vladimir Axionov’s professional performance, the author emphasizes both the depth of his scientific and pedagogical approach and his devotion to the art of music and the outstanding results achieved in this area.

  7. ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS ANALYSIS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN TERMS OF: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION

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    Iulita BIRCA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available An important condition for achieving a sustainable economic growth and for improving living standards of the population of the Republic of Moldova is the active involvement of the national economy in the international exchange of goods, services, knowledge, technology, etc., and also strengthening its positions on the international market. Therefore, to achieve and maintain competitiveness has become a fundamental economic policies issue in the context of globalization. In the contemporary world, national economic competitiveness is determined by a wide variety of features and important factors. In this article, the authors will focus their attention on the part of science, technology and innovation as being one of the key tools in the modern future of any modern state.

  8. THE PROBLEMS IN THE EVALUATION THE RISKS ON INVESTMENTS OF INNOVATION PROCESS OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Anatol Rotaru

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available An innovative activity in the economy is the most important element of economic growth. This article is dedicated to research of the role of investment risk and implements innovations. It is well known that the interdependence between risk and profit, but there is a strong interrelationship between the risk of investment and innovative development of the country. In this article, the most important features of innovation for economic growth, as well as the direction of its investment, both from the government and from foreign investors and the private individuals are discussed. Based on this purpose have been characterized elements of investment risk has been made an investment risk analysis, innovation process and performance indicators. In that article presents a vision of innovation and investment activity in Moldova.

  9. PROBLEMS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF REFORMING TAXES FOR USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Petru BACAL

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper is carried out a comprehensive analysis of the implementation of taxes for use of natural resources in the Republic of Moldova. There have been identified the main methodological gaps, especially the neglect of geographical and ecological component, problems of administrations of those taxes. The main objectives of this study are: 1 knowledge and application of international experience in the implementation and improvement of fees for use of natural resources; 2 diagnostic analysis of the calculation and application methodology of taxes for use of natural resources; 3 identifying the gaps and problematic situations of implementing taxes for use of natural resources; 4 assessment of fiscal, economic and environmental impacts of the application of these taxes; 5 elaboration of recommendations for reforming the taxes for use of natural resources.

  10. ON THE DEGREE OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT TRANSPARENCY IN THE PUBLIC HOSPITALS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei PETROIA

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available During the last ten years, the hospitals from the Republic of Moldova have received at least MDL 20 billion from the funds of CHI. Even if the amount of money allocated to hospitals is increasing the level of transparency of public money usage will decrease. Moldovan hospitals, either republican or district, have got used to managing money without reporting what they are doing, even if they are speaking about public money. According to the analysis of Sănătate INFO, no republican hospital did publish full financial reports, by which we can observe how public money managed and its aim. If private hospitals should report on the resources, they receive through the contact with NHIC, then all public institutions should present detailed information about the sources of revenues, which they manage.

  11. Air Pollution Study in the Republic of Moldova Using Moss Biomonitoring Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinicovscaia, Inga; Hramco, Constantin; Duliu, Octavian G; Vergel, Konstantin; Culicov, Otilia A; Frontasyeva, Marina V; Duca, Gheorghe

    2017-02-01

    Moss biomonitoring using the species Hypnum cupressiforme (Hedw.) and Pleurocarpous sp was applied to study air pollution in the Republic of Moldova. A total of 41 elements (Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Cd, Sb, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Tm, Yb, Hf, Ta, W, Pb, Th, and U) were determined by instrumental epithermal neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectrometry. Principal component analysis was used to identify and characterize different pollution sources. Geographical distribution maps were prepared to point out the regions most affected by air pollution and relate this to potential sources of contamination. Median values of the elements studied were compared with data from the European moss biomonitoring program. The cities of Chisinau and Balti were determined to experience particular environmental stress.

  12. The discovery of new Greeks. The cases of Gagauz in Moldova and "Pontians" in Turkey

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    Lambros B ALTSIOTIS

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper constitutes an effort to depict the policies exercised by the Greek State from the 1990s till the mid - 2000s vis - à - vis two ethno - linguistic groups: the Turkish - speaking Orthodox Gagauz of Moldova and the Pontic - speaking Muslims of Eastern Black Sea. In addition, an attempt is made to interpret these policies, why and how they were launched, the purposes for which they were exercised and finally what they were aiming at. Our hypoth esis is that the issue is not only connected to yet one more Greek - Turkish discord. We noticed that, beyond the dispute there are reasons relevant to the way the Greek nation, the national narrative and public history in Greece are constructed. That is the reason why emphasis is placed on the public discourse developing around these two groups.

  13. THE UTILIZATION OF THE WATER RESOURCES OF NISTRU RIVER WITHIN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    V. MOCREAC

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the studies regarding the water funds, the regimes and characteristics of the flow of river Nistru, those internal larger and smaller ones, taking into consideration what basins exist and the ones with perspective can demonstrate the hydroenergetic potential values of the Republic of Moldova currently and for an extended period of time.The basic variant of the scheme of arrangement on Nistru r. on the basis of the requirements of today’s impact on the environment, the ecological flows, hydroenergetic equipments chosen for the parameters of sufficient operation, and the hydrotechnical unit must have an appearance of a complex utilization. The assurances of the flows and head of the hydro-electric plants with operation in cascade on rivers is caused by the strength of given data and the hydrologic calculations after interstate normatives applied now.

  14. ACCOUNTING CHALLENGES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Galina BADICU

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Republic of Moldova has, de facto, joined the Bologna Process in 2005,and startingwith this year multiple reforms in the higher education realm have been peformed. One primary aspect deals with the financial autonomy of the universities. The lack of an adequate financial support from the government was offset by the introduction of paid studies, which allowed universities to survive under government underfunding conditions and to independently manage their financial resources gained from tuition fees. In order to determine the adequate level of funding a tool for identifying the real training costs is required. In this article, we aim to investigate the pros and cons of the method of activity-based costing.

  15. Unproductive Entrepreneurship, Institutional Change, and the Informal Economy: Entrepreneurial Potential in Moldova

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    Peter M. FRANK

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Entrepreneurship is often ubiquitous in developing countries, and many entrepreneurs operate in the informal economy and are often involved in unproductive activity. While entrepreneurs seek to maximize their returns given the existing institutions, they also respond to the level of state capacity and the supporting structures of national and regional governance. We tackle the question of governmental legitimacy given that entrepreneurs in Eastern Europe operate in states with weak governance institutions. We test the degree to which the standard maximization of private returns decision holds by surveying informal entrepreneurs in the Republic of Moldova. The institutions that determine high versus low state capacity motivate entrepreneurs toward a productive or unproductive use of resources and the capacity of government also impacts their pursuit of private returns resulting in higher social costs. We find that Moldovan entrepreneurs evade taxation for reasons beyond simple maximization rules.

  16. Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness and diabetic retinopathy in Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zatic, Tatiana; Bendelic, Eugen; Paduca, Ala; Rabiu, Mansour; Corduneanu, Angela; Garaba, Angela; Novac, Victoria; Curca, Cristina; Sorbala, Inga; Chiaburu, Andrei; Verega, Florentina; Andronic, Victoria; Guzun, Irina; Căpăţină, Olga; Zamă-Mardari, Iulea

    2015-06-01

    To evaluate the prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy among people aged ≥50 years in the Republic of Moldova using Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness plus Diabetic Retinopathy ('RAAB+DR') techniques. 111 communities of people aged ≥50 years were randomly selected. In addition to standard RAAB procedures in all people with diabetes (previous history of the disease or with a random blood glucose level >11.1 mm/L (200 mg/dL)), a dilated fundus examination was performed to assess the presence and the degree of diabetic retinopathy using the Scottish DR grading system. 3877 (98%) people out of the 3885 eligible people were examined. The prevalence of blindness was 1.4% (95% CI 1.0% to 1.8%). The major causes of blindness and severe visual impairment were untreated cataract (58.2%), glaucoma (10.9%), and other posterior segment causes (10.9%). The estimated prevalence of diabetes was 11.4%. Among all people with diabetes, 55.9% had some form of retinopathy, and sight threatening diabetic retinopathy affected 14.6%. The RAAB+DR survey in the Republic of Moldova established that untreated cataract is the major cause of avoidable blindness in rural areas. This needs to be tackled by expanding the geographical coverage of cataract surgical services. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  17. An assessment of community pharmacists’ attitudes towards professional practice in the Republic of Moldova.

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    Cordina M

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Pharmacy in Moldova is undergoing a period of transition. The professional practice is adjusting to a market-oriented economy from the previous Soviet system. The pharmaceutical sector has been liberalised giving rise to a significant increase in the number of community pharmacies. This has led to some adverse effects on the profession of pharmacy with pharmacists having considerable difficulties fulfilling their professional aspirations and possibly losing confidence in further developing their professional role. Objective: To assess community pharmacists’ attitudes towards their professional practice and to determine their perceived competence in various pharmaceutical activities.Methods: A questionnaire which addressed managerial activities, dispensing activities, pharmaceutical care activities, inter-professional relationships, public health and competence was mailed to 600 community pharmacists who were asked to score the importance and perceived competence for each activity on a scale ranging from 0-5. In the case of pharmaceutical care activities, pharmacists were asked to score their degree of agreement or disagreement as to whether it is the responsibility of the pharmacist to engage in specific pharmaceutical care activities.Results: A total of 370 valid questionnaires were returned giving a response rate of 61.7%. Managerial and dispensing activities were scored the highest both in terms of perceived importance and competence. The more innovative pharmaceutical care activities scored relatively low. Overall scores relating to the importance of pharmacists engaging in public health activities appear to be the lowest of the entire questionnaire. Younger pharmacists between the ages of 22-30 obtained significantly higher scores with regards to the perceived pharmacist’s responsibility in engaging in various pharmaceutical care activities. Respondents who practiced in an accredited pharmacy scored higher in the majority of questions

  18. The implementation of modern digital technology in x-ray medical diagnosis in Republic of Moldova - a stringent necessity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosca, Andrei

    2011-01-01

    The study includes analyses of current technical state of radiodiagnostic equipment from the Public Medico-Sanitary Institution of Ministry of Health of Republic of Moldova (IMSP MS RM). The traditional radiodiagnostic apparatuses were morally and physically outrun at 96,6% (in regional MSPI - 93,5%), inclusive the dental one - 92,0% (in raional MSPI - 97,2%), X-Ray exam -100%, mobile - 84,1% etc. The exploitation of the traditional radiodiagnostic apparatuses with high degree of physical and moral wear essentially diminished the quality of profile investigation, creates premises for diagnostic error perpetrating, increase the collective ionizing irradiation of population etc. In recent years the subvention of MSPI HM RM with digital radiodiagnostic equipment was started. This process is very hard unfold because of grave socio-economic crises in Republic of Moldova. Despite these obstacles the subvention of MSPI HM RM with digital equipment represents a stringent necessity and a time request.

  19. IMPACT OF EXTERNAL REIMBURSABLE FINANING ON VAT RECEIPTS IN THE STATE BUDGET OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Marcel OLARI

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Under the current conditions, where rapid economic growth is an important prerequisite for improving the well-being of the population and reducing poverty, the state, being an important player on the economic arena of the Republic of Moldova, attracts external sources of reimbursable financing to support the budget and to carry out investment projects. Taking into account that these external sources increase the Central Government debt, generate the payment of certain interest, commissions, directly affect the expenditures of the state budget, I intended to investigate the impact of these reimbursable external sources on the one category of revenues of the state budget of the Republic of Moldova, (Value Added Tax receipts, in the light of the service and merchandise deliveries according to the transactions emerged from the contracted external reimbursable financing sources.

  20. The Use Of Standardized Indicators (SPI And SPEI In Predicting Droughts Over The Republic Of Moldova Territory

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    Nedealcov M.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The drought events frequent manifestation over the Republic of Moldova territory, in the context of climate change requires a scientific monitoring adjusted to international researchers. In recent years, internationally, the estimation of this phenomenon occurs through standardized indexes. The most used of these, being the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI and the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI. Since there is no a unified definition of drought, the World Meteorological Organization proposes to calculate the indexes, through developed calculation software. Thus, based on multi-annual data (1980-2014 a regional spatio-temporal estimation concerning drought in the Republic of Moldova was performed, thereby realizing the regional investigations framing in the international ones.

  1. Clusters – a modern way of cooperation enhancing the competitiveness of the horticultural enterprises from the Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    GOLBAN Artur

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary enterprises represent a modern way of cooperation between people, while the relations between these enterprises and other organizations represent an advanced stage in the hierarchy of cooperation. This scientific article analyses the possibility of cooperation between the apple producing agricultural enterprises from the Republic of Moldova through clusters, which supposes both the collaboration between the agricultural enterprises and with the research-innovation sector. All ove...

  2. How the Russian Federation Uses the Informational Instrument of National Power to Influence the Republic of Moldovas Strategic Security Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    describes what media and special techniques Russia uses to influence its target audience in Moldova. The final step outlines the effects of the Russian... social , economic and security problems, is vulnerable to the Russian Federation’s information influence . However, that does not mean that the Republic...of national power. Commonly, these three terms cover actions, activities, symbols, thoughts, beliefs, and media that an actor uses to influence public

  3. INVAZIA GHIDRINULUI – GASTEROSTEUS ACULEATUS LINNAEUS, 1758 ÎN FLUVIUL NISTRU (LIMITELE REPUBLICII MOLDOVA ŞI FACTORII DETERMINANŢI

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    Dumitru BULAT

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available În condiţiile intensificării presingului antropic în ecosistemele acvatice din Republica Moldova majoritatea speciilor stenobionte au devenit ameninţate cu dispariţia, însă unele, cu potenţial adaptiv înalt, dimpotrivă, pe fonul eliberării nişe­lor spaţiale, pot prolifera în exces şi chiar provoca efect invaziv. Pentru fluviul Nistru (limitele Republicii Moldova un exemplu elocvent este ghidrinul Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 care, după construcţia hidrocentralei dela Novodnestrovsk (1981 a devenit o specie multidominantă, formând până la or. Soroca o populaţie locală deosebit de numeroasă.În lucrare sunt analizate particularităţile bioecologice ale ghidrinului şi sunt evidenţiaţi factorii de mediu ce au con­tribuit la invazia taxonului în fl. Nistru (limitele Republicii Moldova.THE INVASION OF THREE-SPINED STICKLEBACK – GASTEROSTEUS ACULEATUS LINNAEUS, 1758 IN DNIESTER RIVER (LIMITS OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND ITS DETERINANT FACTORS Under the intensification of anthropogenic pressure in aquatic ecosystems of Republic of Moldova, most of stenobionte species became threatened with extinction, but some species, potentially high adaptive, contrast, in present demonstrates an evident biological progression, in some hydrobiotops causing a stressed invasive effect. For Dniester River (limits of Republic of Moldova three-spined stickleback – Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 is a good example, after the construction of Novodnestrovsk hydropower (1981 became a multidominate species forming to Soroca city a particularly large local population.In this paper are analyzed bio- ecological peculiarities of three-spined stickleback and are highlighted environmental factors that contributed to taxon invasion in Dniester River (limits of Republic of Moldova.

  4. EFFICACITE DES SENTENCES ARBITRALES ETRANGERES EN REPUBLIQUE DE MOLDOVA, DANS LE CONTEXTE DE LA CONVENTION DE NEW YORK DE 1958

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    Diana Lazăr

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Following its National Strategy of Justice Reform 2011-2016, the Republic of Moldova has aimed to improve its national laws and practices regarding the effects of foreign arbitral awards. Lately, the code of civil procedure has been amended and the Supreme Court of Justice adopted a decision for a more uniform jurisprudence on the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards. Being part to the New York Convention of 1958 on the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards, the Republic of Moldova needs to bring its national law and judicial practice in line with the standards of the international treaty. Also, a favorable legal environment for the international efficiency of the foreign ar bitral awards would respond to the Moldova’s goals to integrate into the international and European trade, which became topical considering the signature of the Association Agreement with the EU and the economic embargos announced by the Russian Federation. This articles aims to assess the conformity of the national law of Repu blic of Moldova with the New York Convention of 158 and to identify the main rules for the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards within Moldova’s territory.

  5. A COMPARARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LABOUR MARKET BEHAVIOR IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    BÎRCĂ ALIC

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is dedicated to the analysis of the the labor market in the European Union compared with the Republic of Moldova. Therefore, the author presents the characteristics of a number of labor market indicators such as the employment rate, the rate of partipation in training programs, the share of inactive people, the unemployment rate etc. These indicators are calculated both at EU level and each member state level.They are also calculated for different categories of people: citizens of the country concerned; citizens of EU member countries, with the exception of the country concerned; citizens of the non-EU countries etc. In the endevor of joining the European Union, this work presents several indicators which describe the development of the labor market. The analysis has found that the indicators that characterize the labor market in the Republic of Moldova are lower than those registered in the European Union. . Although it is difficult to make a comparison between the inactive population in the Republic of Moldova and the EU, as it targets different age groups, we can see that its share is much higher than that recorded in the EU countries. In 2014, excluding people at the retirement age, the inactive population aged 15 years and more is close to the active population with the same age.

  6. Analysis of local budgets revenues in the Republic of Moldova: level, structure and dynamics for 2008-2014 years

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    Andrei PETROIA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper consist largely of analysis of the local budgets revenues of the Republic of Moldova for the period of 2008-2014. The analysis can not offer many information in dynamics due to the few number of years, but we tried to make an analyze of the situation. Informational support of the work are the laws and regulations of the country; data provided by the Ministry of Finance, National Bureau of Statistics and the literature. The purpose of this paper is to approach each category of income and part of it, the time evolution of local budget revenues over several consecutive years of budget income distribution in the directions of the Republic of Moldova, and analysis of each component of the local budget. In this paper, we have analyzed in dynamics structure in total revenues of local budgets, in national public budget, in state budget and in GDP. The main components analyzed were: tax and non-tax revenues, revenues without grants and transfers, grants and transfers from the state budget. Also we have attracted special attention to direct and indirect taxes, as well as their components.The necessity of this study is to present a clear and concise form of the administrative-territorial units' budget feature, conceptual notions, policies which are reflected on local revenues in Moldova. This paper aims possibility of revising the budget system structure, improve financial relations within it and its evolution, but it does not reflect fully all matters related to the budget system.

  7. Construction of the European Neighborhood Policy. From a Regional Policy to a Local Approach: EUBAM to Moldova and Ukraine

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    Ruxandra Alexianu

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to present the institutional dynamics of an international unique instrument which is the European Neighborhood Policy. This research is important in the field of European Construction because it studies the intercourse between the aims of this institution and it’s practical accomplishments. Unlike other similar research, this paper wants to bring a deeper approach regarding the activity of the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine. The method used was a case study of the ENP towards the Republic of Moldova. Through the systematization and interpretation of previous empirical studies and numerous press articles this work offers a clear image of the activity and results of the EUBAM to Moldova and Ukraine. This paper may elicit a more analytical interest for research groups interested in the efficiency of some entities that define the European construction but it can also be useful to European or local political decisional factors. The key contribution of this paper consists of emphasizing the interdependence between solving a specific neighboring policy in the East and ensuring energy needs of the EU, largely dependent on the Russian Federation.

  8. The phytosanitary form and fighting measures diseases and pests of sugar beet from Republic of Moldova

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    Timus Asea M.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Sugar beet is one of the most important agricultural crops in the Republic of Moldova. The North and Central regions have good enough pedoclimatic conditions. The genetic potential of sorts and hybrids can be created through the application of modern technologies in order to grow at least 32-35 tons/ha of sugar beet roots. In the Republic of Moldova, sugar beet vegetates between 160 and 180 days in the first year and needs approximately an amount of 2400-2900°C, average of 15.3-15.4°C. Each phenological phase needs different temperatures: at least 4C° is necessary for planting and springing an amount of 650°C is necessary for foliar apparatus; an amount of 1150- 1800°C is necessary to grow the volume of roots and for sugar depositing the average of 2400 to 2600°C is necessary. The mentioned temperatures ensure a normal development of sugar beet plants. If these temperatures fluctuate, the pathogens and pests are stimulated to develop. The most frequent diseases of sugar beet are: Pythium de baryanum Hesse., Aphanomyces cochlioides Dresch. Peronospora schachtii Fuck., Phoma betae Fr. Cercospora beticola Sacc. Erysiphe communis Grev. f. betae Jacz., virosis - Beta virus 2, 3 si 4 etc. The main pests belong to the following categories: Homoptera: Aphis fabae Scop. (fam. Aphididae, Pemphigus fuscicornis Koch. (fam. Pemphigidae Coleoptera: Agriotes sp. (fam. Elateridae, Chaetocnema concinna M. Ch. breviuscula Fld., Cassida nebulosa L. (fam. Chrysomelidae, Atomaria linearis Step. (fam. Cryptophagidae; Bothynoderes punctiventris Germ., Tanymechus dilaticollis Gyll., T. palliatus F., Psalidium maxillosum F. (Curculionidae; Lepidoptera: Agrotis segetum Den. et Schiff., Authographa gamma L. Mamestra (Barathra brassicae L. (Noctuidae, Loxostege sticticalis L. (Pyralidae, Gnorimoschema ocellatella Boyd.; Diptera Pegomyia betae Curtis. (fam. Anthomyidae. Heterodera schachtii Schmidt (Heteroderidae. The most recommended insecticides for fighting the

  9. PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC ECONOMIC POLICIES OF MOLDOVA ASSOCIATION TO THE EU: METHODOLOGY, PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe RUSU

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic policies and decisions on EU association starting with the begginig of 90’s were pseudo-scientific, contradictory, incoherent because those policies have not based themselves on modern and current economic theories elaborated and promoted by the EU. Actuality. The topic is actual from the perspective of the factors’ analysis which were conducting to delay the association process of Moldova to the EU. At the same time, those were increasing instability, disequilibrium in the national economy and raise of social vulnerability and constraint levels which ultimately increased the gap between the national and EU economic development levels. During the period of 2000-2015, the socio-economic policy of the Republic of Moldova is described more as small and fragmented steps on conceiving economic and financial instruments for the integration into the EU which were reflected in the Neighbourhood Partnership and Association Agreement with the EU. These processes conducted for the state incapacity to define its own objectives and social-economic priorities for the association as well as legitimated a continuous stage of transition to the market economy. The scope of the present article is to propose a real change of the development and social-economic association policies for achieving final objective on integration to EU. The proposals would consist in emphasizing and implementation of the EU economic principles reflected in the neoclassic synthesis and neo-conservative theories; the elaboration and implementation of a new Strategy on economic supervision, coordination and anticipation of the economic disequilibrium; achieve economic stability for diminishing the negative effects of the global and regional crisis on national economy and adaptation of the development policies to the national socio-economic conditions. The methods used for the elaboration and achieving the expected results of the study were analysis and synthesis of the

  10. Foreign citizens with the right to work in the Republic of Moldova with no status of immigrant workers who do not fall under the provisions of the Law

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    Nicolae ROMANDAȘ,

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Among foreigners (foreign citizens or stateless persons, who legally reside on the territory of Republic of Moldova for work purposes, there are several categories of such persons who, in reality benefit of a special legal status being regulated by other legal acts than those regulating labour migration. In the Law of Moldova no. 180 on labour migration, there are identified 12 categories of foreigners who do not fall under this law and therefore cannot be treated as migrant workers. In our paper, we classified these categories of foreigners in four blocks as follows: a based on a particular profession, activity; b according to a profession and a determined period of activity in the Republic of Moldova; c depending on the conditions of the international treaty and d depending on other circumstances.

  11. Cross cultural training in primary mental health care consultations in Moldova - The tEACH perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Møller, Jane Ege; van Weel-Baumgarten, Evelyn

    2017-09-01

    This article reports experiences and challenges encountered in a cross-cultural training project in Moldova that was undertaken by tEACH, the teaching subcommittee of EACH: International Association for Communication in Healthcare, in cooperation with local and international stakeholders. As part of a major health policy reform, the aim was to equip a group of trainers with the skills to train Moldovan professionals in skills for primary mental health care, including communication skills. The project consisted of 3 weeks of training using mainly experiential teaching methods to allow participants to practice content and methods, including interactive lecturing, roleplay, feedback and video. A majority of the participants reported that they acquired key facilitation skills. They valued the opportunity to practice and receive feedback. However, some reported that there was too much focus on communication skills, which was thought to be less relevant in a Moldovan context. Furthermore our learner-centered approach was occasionally experienced as a lack of structure CONCLUSION: The tEACH expertise plays an important role in supporting trainers in cross-cultural contexts with effective communication skills methods. Teaching in a cross-cultural context is only successful through continuous dialogue with stakeholders and demands attention to cultural differences. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  12. Legal Liability of Civil Servants of Local Public Authorities in the Republic of Moldova

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    Natalia Saitarli

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the working out of legal liability, there are a lot of published articles, collections and monographs nowadays which have got already some productive achievements. However, the notion of liability and its central problems have been controversial subjects for long years that create discussions and cause the necessity to elaborate some methodological questions. The legal liability is being determined as a duty “to be responsible“, “to account“. One of the results in the research is to determine that the legal liability has become the idea of “positive law responsibility“, under which we understand not the liability of the person who has committed an infringement of the law but vice versa a lawful behavior of the person who commits no law infringements. The goal of the given article is to regard the legal liability of civil servants of local public authorities in the Republic of Moldova because an efficient activity of the state (a good state government depends on the determination of concrete forms of the legal liability for the local public authorities.

  13. Milk value chain analysis: the case of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artur GOLBAN

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The competitiveness of a product can be evaluated using the value chain analysis which represents the needed steps of the development cycle or process through which a product proceeds from its initial concept to pro-duction and final sale. The value chain includes the design, production, marketing, distribution and support to bring the product to its final consumer. Milk production sector is of great importance to the national economy. However, the milk is produced mostly in private households (95% from total volume of milk and approximately five percent is produced in agricultural enterprises. The paper has the purpose to present the value chain analysis of milk, the major problems the milk producers face at the value chain level and to propose solutions in order to increase the competiti-veness of milk production. For this study, data provided by the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Mol-dova and international commercial databases, were used. The results of the research give the possibility to understand the role of each element of the milk value chain in increasing the competitiveness of this product.

  14. Study of Some Morphological Characters of Three Trout Breed Farmed in Salmonid Exploitations from Moldova

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    Cătălin Emilian Nistor

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Study of morphological characters at fish by means of biometry is a frequently utilized method and consists in determining the variability of characters in groups of individuals, by direct measurement, weighting and statistical processing of obtained data. Effectuation of body measurements and weighting is used to determine the increase in length of fish and to evaluate the general physiological condition. Brook trout, rainbow trout, and brown trout were the object of the current study by analyzing of 50 individuals, 10 individuals in each batch (F1, F2, C1 C2 and I1, from two trout farms from Moldova. After processing the obtained data were calculated the most representative indexes and maintenance coefficients. The obtained values were between 3.49 at batch F1 and 3.94 at batch I1 for profile index; 1.5 at batch I1 and 1.75 at batch F1 for Fulton coefficient; 1.47 at batch F2 and 1.6 at batch I1 for Kiselev index; 41.36 for batch F1 and 47.94 at batch C2 for thickness index; 19.94 C1 batch and 22.08 at F1 batch for fleshy index I, and 19.05 C2 batch and 21.2 at I1 batch for fleshy index II. Having in view the obtained results we can conclude that the analyzed fishes had a good state of maintenance.

  15. EVALUATION OF PROFESSIONALISM IN HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    BÎRCĂ ALIC

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper refers to the specialisation of human resources management. Starting from the idea that, human resources specialists are responsible for a number of activities within organizations, it is necessary that they possess the knowledge and skills required to perform them. HR specialists must be able to apply the principles and practices of human resources to add to the success of their organizations. Beyond these requirements, a specialist in human resources must also be efficient on ethical, communication, consultancy, critical evaluation issues etc. Moreover, the article describes the range of skill that human resources specialists should possess. In addition, nowadays it is a must for human resources specialists to assume certain roles to efficiently perform the activities related to the human resources management. The article also shows the real situation in the specialisation of human resources management in the Republic of Moldova. Therefore, a study was conducted that aimed at linking the studies held by the employees from the human resources division to the importance of human resources management activities.

  16. THE DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS OF THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY IN MOLDOVA

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    Alexandru GRIBINCEA

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Moldovan textile sector is a major domain of the country’s export and still has a tremendous growth potential. The industry accounted for 1.5% of the GDP and 3.9 (NBS of the manufacturing GDP. The textile cluster employed over 2,750 workers in 2010, 4,092 in 2011 and 4,118 in 2012. The most important export destinations for Moldovan textile producers are EU countries. Moldova’s main competitive advantages include the competitive workforce and the fact that this is one of the cheapest locations. Most of these jobs are rural-based and taken by young women, who make up 85-95% of all T&A workers. The value of the manufactured textiles was € 33,8 million in 2010 and rose more than twice - up to € 68,14 million in 2011 and € 78,95 in 2012 (NBS. Moldova has an easy access to both CIS and European markets. Over 83 (NBS companies operate in the Moldovan textile industry, most of them in CM (cut and make, CMT (cut, make and trim processing. Major foreign partners for outsourcing are of Italian, German and Dutch origin, and include Dolce&Gabbana and Trussardi, for instance.

  17. THE HYDROENERGETIC POTENTIAL OF THE PRUT RIVER –MOLDOVA REPUBLIC

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    P. PLEŞCA

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of studying of water funds, of the regimes and characteristics of flow of the Prut, of those internal larger and smaller ones, taking into consideration what basins exist and the ones with perspective can demonstrate the hydroenergetical potential values of Republic of Moldova for the current time and on long-time period. The basic variant of the scheme of arrangement on the Prut on the basis of the requirements of today’s impact with the environment, the ecologic flows, hydroenergetical equipments chosen for the parameters of sufficient operation, and the hidrotehnical unit must have an appearance of a complex utilization. The assurances of the flows and head of the hydro-electric plants with operation in cascade on rivers is caused by the strength of the given data and the hydrologic calculations after interstate normatives applied now. Suggested scheme foresees to build dozens of hydro-electric plants with small head on the Prut from which an unit functions as the minimum on the ecologic flow. The potential of the basins of existing accumulation on little rivers must be capitalized first because it requires only the power equipment. Prof. D. Pavel proposed some schemes with the arrangement of MCHE on the rivers Prut, Răut, Bîc.

  18. THE STATUS OF ATMOSPHERIC INSTABILITY INDICES ASSOCIATED WITH HAIL EVENTS THROUGHOUT MOLDOVA

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    ISTRATE V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The lower pressure of water vapor of the outer eastern and south-eastern Carpathians, as well as in Dobrogea, determines within these areas an average annual number of days of under 2 days. In sheltered areas from Bârlad Plateau the average multi-annual value decreases even below 0,5 days. Hail events that affect the territory of Moldova are, in most cases, caused by thunderstorms during May and June (frequency of over 60 %. We had analysed in the present paper a representative number of statistical severe convective events causing hailstorms and material damage between 1990-2013 period. Values of atmospheric instability indices have been analyzed for these episodes as CAPE (Convective available potential energy, SWEAT (severe weather threat, Li (lifted index, KI (K index, TT (total totals to evaluate their medium range forecast under the hail production conditions. These indicators measure the degree of atmospheric instability providing information about possible occurrence of clouds with large vertical extent. The most powerful correlations have been recorded in the case of parameter LI, for which the daily mean value was used. The status of these indices is assessed for both the days with hail, but also on previous intervals with hail to assess their capacity to forecast this extreme weather phenomenon.

  19. TALENT RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION – ISSUE AND CHALLENGE FOR ORGANIZATIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    BÎRCĂ ALIC

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is dealing with the issue of talents recruitment and selection, as the essential element of ensuring organizational competitiveness. In this context, we intend to show the importance of the recruitment and selection of talents that makes the difference between organizations. In order to attract more talents, organizations should undertake concrete strategies of attracting talents and to develop the employer’s brand. The recruitment and selection of talents is also influenced by factors such as: demography, labor mobility, the changing business environment, etc. Moreover, the Moldovan demographic issues and awareness of the importance of human resources on the part of senior management have led to the need to approach this problem. The selection of talents in organizations can be achieved by applying a big variety of criteria. That’s why, in order to identify criteria for selecting talents in Moldovan organizations, has been realized a sociological survey by questionnaire. This survey covered 152 organizations from Republic of Moldova.

  20. VEGETATIVE RAW MATERIAL FOR RECEPTION OF THE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND ENERGY SECURITY OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Duca G.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The problem of increase of energy security of Republic Moldova is examined due to use of own power resources. Application of a biodiesel engine, bioethanol in mixes with traditional kinds of fuel (diesel fuel and gasoline is possible without updating a design of existing engines of internal combustion and can be economic for agriculture and on transport. Results of experiments on definition износоустойчивости lubricants received of vegetative raw material of local manufacture are resulted. Use of bioethanol as the additive to gasoline will lower his{its} cost, will reduce consumption of gasoline to 15-20 % and will allow to reduce considerably harmful emissions in an atmosphere, ecological safety that will favorably be reflected on health of the population will be raised. Manufacture of lubricants with use рапсового oils also will allow to receive serious economic benefit.

  1. MONEY LAUNDERING AS AN ISOLATED PHENOMENON AND LEADING FACTOR IN WHITE-COLLAR CRIMINALITY, PUTS MOLDOVA CASE JUDICIARY ON THE SPOT

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    Jacob RUB

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Money laundering is a leading factor in white-collar criminality, with a big effect upon Gross National Product of the Israeli and Moldova economies. Israel and Moldova have made the first steps In order to cope with money laundering phenomenon. The model of handling the phenomenon in the USA has been studied that constitutes a role model of fighting money laundering. The vast majority (77% of all frauds were committed by individuals working in one of six departments: accounting, operations, sales, executive/upper management, customer service and purchasing. In Moldova, money laundering for the most part is connected to traditional forms and activities sources of illegal proceeds .Moldova is a transit country for money laundering. A money-laundering scandal is casting Moldova’s judiciary in an unfavorable light and is raising concerns about the government’s commitment to reforms needed to keep European Union integration on track. It is a need to address corruption as a national priority, and the priority of the relations between the EU and Moldova. The money laundering scandal indicates that Moldova is reluctant to wade deeply into judicial reform. In fact, the laundered of $20 billion, is an amount more than twice the size of Moldova’s GDP in 2013, and may be that it is just the tip of the iceberg, probably. White-collar criminality in Israel and Moldova means success of coping of the enforcement and judicial systems. In order to cope with this phenomenon, Israel makes its first steps. Anyway, the message must pave the way through a creation of a new model for dealing with reduction the isolated phenomenon of money laundering in both states.SPĂLAREA DE BANI, UN FENOMEN IZOLAT ŞI UN FACTOR IMPORTANT ÎN CRIMINALITATEA GULERELOR ALBE, PUNE PRACTICA JUDICIARĂ DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA INTR-O SITUAŢIE DIFICILĂSpălarea de bani este un factor important în criminalitatea gulerelor albe, având un efect semnificativ asupra produ-sului na

  2. Clusters – a modern way of cooperation enhancing the competitiveness of the horticultural enterprises from the Republic of Moldova

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    GOLBAN Artur

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary enterprises represent a modern way of cooperation between people, while the relations between these enterprises and other organizations represent an advanced stage in the hierarchy of cooperation. This scientific article analyses the possibility of cooperation between the apple producing agricultural enterprises from the Republic of Moldova through clusters, which supposes both the collaboration between the agricultural enterprises and with the research-innovation sector. All over the world clusters represent a tool for economic and social renovation. The creation of apple clusters will help horticultural producers to cooperate more efficiently with each other and to solve the problems of the fruit and vegetable growers within the horticultural cluster. A special place in the cluster apple model is revealed by the Project “Livada Mea” financed by European Bank for Investments in total amount of 120 mln EUR. The purpose of the project was to modernize the value chain of the horticultural sector in the Republic of Moldova. The main objective of the given research is to emphasize the importance of clusters as a modern way of cooperation enhancing the competitiveness of the horticultural enterprises from the Republic of Moldova. Rezumat. Întreprinderile contemporane reprezintă o formă modernă de cooperare între oameni, în timp ce relaţiile dintre aceste întreprinderi şi alte organizaţii reprezintă o treaptă avansată în ierarhia cooperării. În acest articol se analizează posibilitatea cooperării întreprinderilor agricole producătoare de mere din Republica Moldova prin crearea de clustere, care presupune colaborarea atât între întreprinderile agricole, cât şi cu sectorul de cercetare-inovare. În toată lumea clusterele reprezintă un instrument pentru renovare economică şi socială. Crearea clusterului mărului va ajuta producătorii horticoli să coopereze mai eficient între ei şi să soluţioneze

  3. TURISMUL ECOLOGIC ÎN RAIONUL ŞOLDĂNEŞTI, REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: PROBLEME ŞI PERSPECTIVE

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    Tatiana DUDNICENCO

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available În rezultatul investigaţiilor efectuate a fost selectat itinerarul ecoturistic ce include următoarele puncte de vizitare: rezervaţia peisajeră „Climăuţii de Jos”, satul Climăuţii de Jos, comuna Vadul-Raşcov, satul Cuşălăuca, mănăstirea „Cuşălăuca”, rezervaţia peisajeră „Dobruşa” şi mănăstirea „Dobruşa”. Au fost descrise principalele obiecte propuse vizitării de către ecoturişti şi vizitatori, au fost abordate problemele ecologice principale ale acestora, a căror soluţionare ar facilita dezvoltarea ecoturismului atât la nivel naţional, cât şi internaţional. În raionul Şoldăneşti sunt bogate şi reprezen­tative resurse naturale şi antropice ce impulsionează dezvoltarea ecoturismului în Zona de Centru a Republicii Moldova.  ECOLOGICAL TOURISM IN THE SOLDANESTI DISTRICT, REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVESIn the results of these investigations there have been done the ecotourism itineraries: „Climautii de Jos” landscape reserve, Climautii de Jos village, Vadul-Rascov commune, Cusalauca village, „Cusalauca” monastery, „Dobrusa” landscape reserve and „Dobrusa” monastery. It have been described the proposed main objects for visitation by tourists and visitors and have been emphasized its main ecological problems, solving which would boost the development of ecotourism at national and international level. Soldanesti district possesses rich and representative human and natural resources which facilitating the development of eco-tourism in the center region of theMoldovaRepublic. 

  4. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN BUSINESS AREA OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Natalia VINOGRADOVA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the main traits of the process of the social responsibility’s formation in the business area of the Republic of Moldova have been described: the premises for business social responsibility’s development have been distinguished; the key factors influencing the implementation in detail the concept of social responsibility in enterprises have been defined; the classification of enterprises depending on principal causes that contributed to the development of socially responsible actions has been suggested; the measures of the state support of enterprises’ social responsibility have been examined.

  5. The morpho-anatomical structure of the leaves of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L. grown in the Republic of Moldova

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    Cristina C. Ciobanu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Artichoke ( Cynara scolymus L. was introduced in the collection of medicinal plants of the Centre for the cultivation of medicinal plants of The State Medical and Pharmaceutical University «Nicolae Testemiţanu» in 2002 ( Bodrug 2005 . We carried out morphological and anatomical study of leaves of the artichoke with a view to determining the adaptive anatomical structures of the leaf to the climatic conditions of the Republic of Moldova, as well as to elucidate specific anatomical structures to identify the medicinal drug and medicinal plant.

  6. GENERAL ASPECTS RELATED TO THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF FOREIGN CURRENCY IN THE FOREX MARKET IN MOLDOVA

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    Tatiana ŞEVCIUC

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The buying-selling currency activity is a specific kind of trade within which currency is considered to be a good. The result of this trade is a price (currency rate of exchange that depends on the demand-supply conditions existing on the market; this price may be limited from legal point of view. The purpose of this article is to define various transactions on the currency market including that of the Republic of Moldova and to single out currency transactions within foreign currency accounts of the residents and non-residents.

  7. THE INTEGRATED SHORT-TERM STATISTICAL SURVEYS: EXPERIENCE OF NBS IN MOLDOVA

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    Oleg CARA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The users’ rising need for relevant, reliable, coherent, timely data for the early diagnosis of the economic vulnerability and of the turning points in the business cycles, especially during a financial and economic crisis, asks for a prompt answer, coordinated by statistical institutions. High quality short term statistics are of special interest for the emerging market economies, such as the Moldavian one, being extremely vulnerable when facing economic recession. Answering to the challenges of producing a coherent and adequate image of the economic activity, by using the system of indicators and definitions efficiently applied at the level of the European Union, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS of the Republic of Moldova has launched the development process of an integrated system of short term statistics (STS based on the advanced international experience.Thus, in 2011, BNS implemented the integrated statistical survey on STS based on consistent concepts, harmonized with the EU standards. The integration of the production processes, which were previously separated, is based on a common technical infrastructure, standardized procedures and techniques for data production. The achievement of this complex survey with holistic approach has allowed the consolidation of the statistical data quality, comparable at European level and the signifi cant reduction of information burden on business units, especially of small size.The reformation of STS based on the integrated survey has been possible thanks to the consistent methodological and practical support given to NBS by the National Institute of Statistics (INS of Romania, for which we would like to thank to our Romanian colleagues.

  8. Evaluating National Nuclear Safeguards System Implementation in the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mursa, E.; Sidorencu, A.; Vasilieva, N.; Sirbu, I.

    2015-01-01

    Strengthening the multilateral system of Nuclear Safeguards by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), imposed by the increasing cross-border illicit trafficking of nuclear material and redirecting for military purposes has led Republic of Moldova to ratify on 1 June 2012 the Additional Protocol (INFCIRC/690) to the Agreement of Nuclear Safeguards in relation with the NPT. This was followed by the adoption in the Parliament on 8 June 2012, of the new Law no. 132 of 08.06.2012 on the safe conduct of nuclear and radiological activities, which extends the power of the National Agency for Regulation of Nuclear and Radiological Activities (NARNRA) and details the measures to strengthen the Nuclear Safeguards in the country. The NARNRA implements safeguards measures in relation to nuclear materials by: – normative acts development; – establishing a system for inspecting of nuclear material; – implementing inventory-taking and reporting procedures for quantities of nuclear material; – implementing authorisation and monitoring procedures for the movements of nuclear material; – implementing procedures for reporting quantities of nuclear material to the IAEA; – maintaining and updating the national register of nuclear materials. A very important role to achieve results is the cooperation with the IAEA. Thus, was developed and agreed the Joint Action Plan for implementing the provisions of the Additional Protocol to the Safeguards Agreement, which is an essential aid in fulfilling the country’s international obligations. In this respect have been obtained some good practices: – Routinely performed national inspections; – On-line information provision from the Customs check points; – Developed special form for nuclear material in the National Register; – Systematic interaction with Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Internal Affairs and authorisation holders; – Annual and quarterly presentation to the IAEA of the reports on SQP and the

  9. PIAŢA OBLIGAŢIUNILOR ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA. TENDINŢE DE DEZVOLTARE

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    Andrei MULIC

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Obligaţiunea este un titlu de valoare care atestă calitatea de creditor a deţinătorului ei faţă de emitent, emitentul obli­gându-se să plătească deţinătorului obligaţiunii o sumă anuală fixă, numită cuponul obligaţiunii, pe întreaga perioadă de valabilitate a acesteia. Obligaţiunea este un înscris emis de o întreprindere care are nevoie de finanţare, pe baza căruia aceasta obţine un împrumut. Firma care emite obligaţiunea se numeşte debitor, iar cea care o deţine se numeşte credi­tor (acesta oferă un împrumut. Obligaţiunile sunt active financiare cu dobândă fixă. Piaţa obligaţiunilor este constituită în majoritate din obligaţiuni cu o rată fixă a dobânzii.THE BOND MARKET IN MOLDOVA. DEVELOPMENT TRENDSBond is a security certifying its holder as a creditor to the issuer, the issuer is forcing bondholder them pay a fixed annual fee, called coupon bond throughout the period of validity. Bond is a document issued by a company that needs financing, on which it obtains a loan. The company issuing the bond is called debtor and the creditor who has called (it provides a loan. The bonds are financial assets with fixed interest. The bond market consists mostly of bonds with a fixed interest rate. 

  10. RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND THE MOST RELEVANT ACHIEVEMENTS OF CHEMISTRY RESEARCHERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA FOR THE PERIOD OF 2004-2007

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    Pavel F. Vlad

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The first International Conference organized by the Chemical Society of Moldova has taken place in the early October 2003. Following are the most important research directions, objectives and realizations, achieved by different institutions involved in chemical research during the period of 2004-2007, presented in a very concise form.

  11. MARKAL Application for Analysis of Energy Efficiency in Economic Activities of the Republic of Moldova and Feasible use of Renewable Energy Sources

    OpenAIRE

    Robu, Sergiu; Bikova, Elena; Siakkis, Philip; Giannakidis, George

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents results of analyses of energy efficiency measures and renewable energy sources implementation in the Republic of Moldova using MARKAL model. Detailed analyses of four scenarios are presented for: Reference Scenario; Energy Efficiency Scenario; Renewable Energy Sources Scenario; Energy Efficiency&Renewable Energy Scenario. Energy savings and costs are identified for implementation of renewable energy sources and Energy efficiency measures.

  12. Violence Against Women at the Workplace in Honduraa, Benin, Moldova, Indonesia: a survey by CNV Internationaal, University of Amsterdam/AIAS, WageIndicator Foundation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tijdens, K.; Besamusca, J.; van Klaveren, M.; Zerain, A.; Osse, P.; Ceccon, D.; Pralitasari, N.; Flores, A.; Sèna Alinsato, A.; Popescu, A.; Ahmad, A.

    2015-01-01

    The research focussed on violence against women at the workplace in four countries: Honduras, Indonesia, Moldova, and Benin. Each country report starts with an overview concerning the female workforce in that country, followed by a description of the legal framework concerning violence at work. It

  13. Preliminary results of studies of the Valea Morilor Upper Palaeolithic site (Chisinau, Republic of Moldova) : A new camp of mammoth hunters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Obada, Teodor; van der Plicht, Johannes; Markova, Anastasia; Prepelitsa, Afanasie

    2012-01-01

    Preliminary results are presented from the studies of a newly found Paleolithic site - Valea Morilor (Chisingu, Republic of Moldova). The excavations produced unquestionable evidence of mammoth hunting (Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach, 1799). Excavations of 2009-2010 opened an area of 1264 m(2).

  14. Comparative Analysis of the Government of Moldova and Georgia's Management of the Education Sector. The Magic Wand or the Achilles Heel?

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    Marcel OLARI

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Human capital is one of the few resources that can offer to the Republic of Moldova a comparative advantage. However, if labor is not specialized in fields required by potential investors – job providers – human capital remains an untapped resource. The development of human resources and the efficient use of existing potential are two of the most important factors contributing to comprehensive economic growth of Georgia. Fast economic growth is an important precondition for increasing population's welfare and reducing poverty. At the same time, creation of equal opportunities for developing human capital through provision of quality services, social justice and strengthening the social systems is necessary as it provides access to quality education and healthcare systems. This research paper consists in an analysis of the political views of Moldova and Georgia's Government on Education sector. Also, to understand better the issues related to this area, I will focus my attention more on the financial aspects of this sector. In order to obtain the correct comparative analysis of the Moldova and Georgia' situation, I will use the macroeconomic aggregates. The methods used in this research document are chronologically and progressive analysis. Finally, it is supposed to be able to respond at the question: the Government of Moldova and Georgia's Management of the Education sector. The Magic wand or the Achilles heel?

  15. COMPETITIVENESS ANALYSIS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA BY MEANS OF EFFICIENCY INDICATORS OF FOREIGN TRADE WITH AGRICULTURAL FOOD PRODUCTS

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    Boris COREŢCHI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available An old traditional form of foreign economic relations is represented by foreign trade. Republic of Moldova,Featuring a geographical position that represents the area of intersection the numerous trade routes and regionalconnotation communications, should use these advantages in order to extend the export-import relations; there for,Republic of Moldova follows to use the internal potential in intensive and effective way. Competitiveness of externaltrade with agricultural food products has a particularly important role which is steadily increasing, it determine theincreasing or decreasing of the national income produced outside depending upon the ratio between the nationaland international amount of goods. Ensuring the economic efficiency of production requires a certain minimumvolume of its. If the volume exceeds the absorption capacity of the internal market, ensuring efficient productionrequires a call to the external market. On the other hand, certain products can not be obtained either domesticproduction or isn’t justified from the economic point of view can be obtained only from the external market.

  16. Chemical composition and nutritive value of the feed used in dairy cow feeding in the Republic of Moldova

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    Larisa CAISIN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Information on nutritive value of locally available feed ingredients is scarce, therefore the study conducted in the laboratory of the Department “General Animal Husbandry” of the State Agrarian University of Moldova, was aimed at determining the chemical composition and nutrient content of various feeds and fodder species commonly used in the diets of dairy cow sraised in the University farm. Fodder samples, proceeding from different agricultural and ecological zones of the Republic of Moldova, were analyzed for their content of total moisture, dry matter, crude protein, fat, fiber, ash and NFE quantity and the data were compared with those available in the specialized literature. The comparative analysis showed differences in the content of a number of nutrients and large fluctuations were observed in terms of the level of oat nutrition units, energetic nutrition units and metabolizable energy contentin comparison with the data contained in normative references and used in the calculation of the nutritional value of feed and diets.

  17. Quality Management in the Higher Education of the Republic of Moldova as a Framework for University Performance

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    Prisacaru Veronica

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This investigation is focused on two objectives: 1 explaining the relationship between quality management and performance management in higher education; 2 evaluating the existing quality management systems in the higher education institutions of the Republic of Moldova. In order to accomplish the first objective, a comparative theoretical analysis of the quality management and performance management was carried out in terms of common aspects and distinctive peculiarities. Consequently, it was reasoned that the performance management system of a higher education institution is created and functions on the basis of the quality management system by extending the area of the quality objectives to the level at which they will ensure performance or, in other terms, by moving towards excellence. In order to achieve the second objective, an opinion survey for the teaching and managerial staff from 6 universities was carried out. As a consequence of processing the obtained results, there were identified problems related to the functioning of the quality management systems. The investigation resulted in the formulation of a set of recommendations for the higher education institutions of the Republic of Moldova in order to increase the efficiency of the quality management systems functioning and thus to ensure an efficient management.

  18. Sziklakolostorok a Dnyeszter mentén. Útirajz Moldova kolostorairól - Rocky Monasteries along the Dniester

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    LENGYEL, László

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available I would like to invite you to a short trip to a mysterious country, to the land of historical Bessarabia which is called Moldova today. We are going to visit the country’s most famous monasteries located along the Dniester. This is the land of rocky monasteries. Monks have been living here since the 12–13th centuries (according to Russian Ortodox Literature, they are called „Fathers” so this is the reason why I did not use the word „monakh”, from the earliest time they lived in small cells between the river rocks. The first monastic communities grew rapidly, most of them prospered under Stephen, the Great. In critical periods of the country’s history, especially in the Mongol-Osman era they preserved the Christian culture. The territory of Moldova was liberated by the Russian Imperial Army. In the Russian Empire, the monasteries prospered again. New churches were built in the 19th-century Russian style, so the old cells became architectural memories. Nowadays, the monasteries are not only historical, but natural monuments as well. Beautiful waterfalls, rocks and forests welcome the visitors in the picturesque valleys. I hope my abstract has drawn attention to this unforgettable landscape.

  19. FEATURES OF PRICING OF THE MORTGAGE MARKET IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA (Part 1

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    Tatiana KASYANENKO

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the study is determined by the importance of the market of mortgage loans as the main instrument of social policy. The aim of the article is to identify the relationship between the volume of mortgage loans and the value of residential real estate on both the primary and secondary markets. The article consists of two parts. The main objective of the first part of this article is to clarify the concepts and features of mortgage loans, and identification of peculiarities of mortgage loans in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova. The methodological basis of the work is made up of methods of analysis and synthesis, the combination of logical and historical approaches, methods of economic comparison and statistical analysis. The result of the study of the first part of the article is to identify the stages of development of mortgage loans in the Russian Federation, an analysis of prices in the primary and secondary markets of residential property on the basis of aggregate statistical indicators that reflect the status and characteristics of the housing market. The Russian experience is correlated with the peculiarities of the development of the mortgage market in the Republic of Moldova.

  20. Education in Transition: a Way to Democratic Citizenship and Common Identity in the post-Soviet Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanda-Daniela ALEXEICIUC

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper explains the situation when Communist government in Moldova had replaced the existing national history textbook series with integrated history of Moldova in 2003 that collapsed national history and world history into a single course. The paper shows the investigating the textbooks that been met with mass street demonstrations, public opposition and skepticism, and fierce criticism. Building on the special role that Moldovans assign to their history textbooks, this paper analyzes the debates surrounding these textbooks as a means of understanding both the broader controversies related to the writing and teaching of a national history and the role of history education in constructing a cohesive Moldovan citizenry and furthering democratization of Moldovan society. The use of terms “citizenship” and “national identity” are also explained in this paper as well UN, Council of Europe and Ministry of education recommendations for teachers to improve their teaching methods. The paper indicates what needs to be done like international development analysts, economic, political as well democratic citizenship improvement.

  1. The Actual Stage of Potential Development Regarding the Tourism in Slănic Moldova Resort, Bacău County

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popa Ovidiu Cristian

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article illustrates the concept of tourism potential, which includes all natural and human tourism resources which generate various forms of tourism. Slănic Moldova town is in a great development, being sustained by the glorious oldtime image: ”Moldova‟s Pearl”. The recent accomplishments, the implementation projects and the short and medium time investment programs aim not only to affirm the resort at a regional level, but to transform it in to an authentic “Romanian tourism pearl”. Developing Slănic Moldova town will aim to develop its natural resources. For the years to come, it is willing to sustain a long-lasting economy especially based on touristic services at a European level, but also on diversifying the local economic activities, in respect for the nature and permanent environment preoccupation. In order to reach certain values the contribution of all factors that can determine the town‟s socio-economic development are needed: the local community and the local‟s support, keeping the environment intact and not the least increasing the number of tourists. Slănic Moldova will be one of the main touristic balneoclimatheric mountain destinations in Romania having a diverse and attractive touristic offer during the entire year, high quality touristic services, in an exceptional, pollution free, natural environment. Slănic Moldova will pass through an essential stage of its development, in which the national and external touristic context will be redefined. Being guided by the reputation of „Moldova‟s Pearl”, Slănic Moldova will develop its mineral waters and great natural environment extraordinary potential, thus becoming the great „pearl of Romanian tourism”.

  2. Tagasi tulevikku - keskaja naasmine / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Oxfordi St Antony kolledzhi lektori Jan Zielonka raamatu "Europe as Empire: the Nature of the Enlarged European Union" tutvustus, milles Euroopa Liitu käsitletakse uuskeskaegse impeeriumina. Kahe rahvusvahelise süsteemitüübi võrdlustabel

  3. New York vaatab alati tulevikku / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 11. sept. lk. 2. New York pärast 2001. aasta 11. sept. terrorirünnakut. Lisa: 11. septembri tagajärjed arvudes; Saatuslikud lennukid: 11. septembri hommik 2001

  4. Kaunilt kujundatud aken tulevikku / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    IDEA (International Design Excellence Awards) 2009. aasta disainivõistlusest. Võidutsesid tooted, mis on mõeldud elujärje parandamiseks vaesemates piirkondades ja taaskasutus. Edukamad osalejad firmad olid Samsung (8 auhinda) ja Apple (7 auhinda)

  5. Kohtumine minevikus pilguga tulevikku / Heli Susi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Susi, Heli, 1929-

    2009-01-01

    Reisist Moskvasse detsembris 2008 A. Solženitsõni 90. sünniaastapäevale pühendatud näituse avamisele. Näituse "Eesti saar Gulagi arhipelaagis" koostas ajakirja Вышгород peatoimetaja Ljudmila Gluškovskaja koostöös fondiraamatukoguga Русское Зарубежье. 25. märtsil 2009 avati sama näitus Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus

  6. Kas sina julgeksid ennustada tulevikku? / Karolin Kuusik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusik, Karolin

    2007-01-01

    Filmid ja nende kostüümikunstnikud, kes on mõjutanud rõivamoodi : "Barbarella" (1968), kostüümikunstnikud Jacques Fonteray ja Paco Rabanne; "Blade Runner" (1982), kunstnikud Charles Knode ja Michael Kaplan; "Matrix" ja selle järjed (1999, 2003), kostüümidisainer Kym Barrett; "Star Wars" ja selle järjed (1977, 1980, 1983, 1999, 2002, 2005), kunstnik John Mollo, hiljem Trisha Biggar; "Aeon Flux" (2005), kostüümikunstnik Beatrix Aruna Pasztor

  7. HP investeerib tulevikku / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2010-01-01

    Maailma suurima tehnoloogiafirma Hewlett-Packard (HP) tootearenduskulud kasvasid IV kvartalis 16%, 814 mln dollarini. Autor märgib, et HP aktsia on praegu väga hea saak, kuid mingit imehüpet aktsia hinnas ei tuleks kindlasti oodata

  8. Norma Maja astub kindlalt tulevikku / Ain Alvela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2000-01-01

    AS Norma Maja saavutas kõrged kasumi ja kasumi kasvu näitajad töötajate koondamisega. Tabel: Norma Maja valdused, AS Norma Maja areng, AS ETK Majad areng. Arvamused: Ero Toom, Ivar Lahi ja Rein Loo

  9. Some peculiarities of accounting of government grants in context IFRS and National Standarts Republic Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Tsurcanu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The process of preparation of fair presentation of Financial Statements establishments on the basis of economic approach was possible due to the evolution of methodology of accounting. Implementation of legal technique allows to account the conditions of receiving of contract as special and so exceptional according to the economic content of events. In the context of fair presentation the necessary issue is the concept of substance over form. One of such specifically contracts which determines the particular character of accounting is the contract of government grants obtaining. The authors examine some problems of discussion of government grants accounting: effectiveness of the concept of substance over form; mechanism of presentation of government grants in the context of international and national aspects; accounting of government grants related to assets over prism of tax legislation. The basis for the formulation of the notion of government grants is the economic essence, a legal form is the proof that the transaction is legitimate. However, the economic essence is in contradiction with the form in the financial reporting when presenting information about government grants. In the context of fair presentation, it must be neutralized. For this purpose, the authors have conducted the research of effectiveness of the concept of substance over form related to the government grants. 146 The article has conducted the comparison of key issues of International Standards with National Standards of Republic Moldova. In result of the comparison the appropriate mechanism of accounting is correct according to the methodology of their application. The article also arguments that government grants is deferred income in accordance with their economic characteristics; and the elements of Financial Statements should be recognized as a liability; in accordance with the conception fair value should be measured. In relationship with the effectiveness of the

  10. Management of the impact on soil in Republic of Moldova: Problems and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru BACAL

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The great impact on soils in Republic of Moldova is represented by the non-ecological exploitation of agricultural land, non-sanitation of rural space, massive negligence ofpopulation and local authorities, surveillance and control authorities of land resources. The most common form of impact on soils is erosion. Very rapid increase of the surfacesaffected by erosion is conditioned, in particular, by the non-compliance of environmental requirements to allocation and exploitation of agricultural land and by the actualinefficient management of land resources. In the last two decades, there has been a significant reduction of ecological laboratories for soil quality evaluation, conditioned by liquidation of district and regional centres of plant protection. The State Ecological Inspectorate, which has the exclusive function of ecological damage evaluation, has very modest financial and human resources. As a result, despite the frequent cases of infringement of soil and land protection, because of very low evaluation capacity, most environmental damage in this area are not established and subject to compensation, and most land beneficiaries ignore normative of land and soil use and protection. Due to financial shortages in rural areas apply minimum rates of fines, which do notreflect the real impact on the soil cover. The collected sums from the application of fines are significantly lower than the damage caused to the soils. Under the new Offences Code,it was introduced the penalty for burning stubble, substantially increasing the payment discharge and the amounts of fines for unauthorized land use and for destruction of soilfertile layer. However, there is no positive change in penalties for causing erosion, for falsifying and concealing information about the status of land. Most damage compensation actions are brought for burning stubble and for soil contamination, while compensation actions for damage caused by erosion and

  11. Medical and biological aspects of the Chernobyl nuclear accident influence on the population of the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koretskaya, L.; Bahnarel, I.; Cechirlan, N.

    2007-01-01

    Complete test of publication follows. Stress factors action on the population health evaluation, especially on the emergency workers remains on e of the most important problems of the contemporary medicine. In this line the Chernobyl nuclear accident (CNA) that look place on the 26th April 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station (CNPS) is an eloquent example. Radioactive substances produced in the result of CNA fell out in a significant part of the Europe, including the Republic of Moldova territory, affecting more than 5,000,000 persons. In CNA consequences liquidation participated a lot of military staff including a great number of reservists. Lack of previous experience in the field (it was the first large-scale nuclear accident) made it impossible to prepare specially trained personnel for CNA limitation and liquidation. Consequently a lot of military staff even from the first days presented to medical authorities with a gamma of symptoms, which were henceforth characterized as somatic diseases after detailed investigations. Ionizing radiation influence on the health status of the participants in diminishing of consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear accident (PDCCNA) evaluation is difficult enough and so calls for an ample multilateral study applying modern diagnostic techniques. Large studies were yet conducted in the Russian Federation, the Ukraine and the Republic of Belarus. Acquired data suggests the existence of noticeable deteriorating effect of ionizing radiation produced secondary to CNA with the increased incidence of health status disturbances in affected population. Approximately 3500 inhabitants from the Republic of Moldova took part in the Chernobyl nuclear accident consequences liquidation. Study objective comprises the determination of clinical, immunological and cytogenetic features in PDCCNA from the Republic of Moldova and their descendants. Between 1996 and 2005 period 850 patients - participants in removal of consequences of Chernobyl

  12. Dezvoltarea constituţională a Republicii Moldova. 20 de ani de la adoptarea Constituţiei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puşcaş Victor

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Constitutional development of the Republic of Moldova. 20 years since the Constitution adoption During two decades of the Moldovan society independence, the peaceful and efficient transition from the totalitarianism system to democratic system, from the unipartidism to multiparty and pluralism of opinions was ensured by the Constitution. Thanks to the implementation of constitutional rules, today we have an governing legal system capable to ensure the state powers separation: the legislative, executive, judiciary, basic human rights protection. However the exigencies of the rule of law, human rights, public freedoms, the organisation, separation and balance of powers, ideas clearly expressed in the Constitution aren’t still fully perceived by the constitutional law subjects such that the person feels that lives in a free society where the general human values are appreciated.

  13. "MAGIC" FORMULA OF THE JOINT AUDITS IN RAISING REVENUE THROUGH WEEDING OUT CORRUPT PRACTICES (BASED ON ROMANIA AND MOLDOVA CASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana CRICLIVAIA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Around one trillion Euros is lost to tax evasion and avoidance every year in the EU. In this context, governments have increasingly been tempted to turn to cross-border audits to secure needed resources and expertise to assist in ensuring international compliance with various taxes and other sources of revenue. However to manage international tax compliance revenue authorities are faced with the significant problem of corruption. The aim of this paper is to examine whether joint audits have to be applied in order to increase the efficiency of revenue collection. In order to narrow the field of investigation, the article focuses primarily on the situation faced by the Romania and Moldova.

  14. FISCAL CULTURE - AS KEY ELEMENTS OF ENSURING TAX COMPLIANCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (BASED ON THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana CRICLIVAIA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tax avoidance and tax evasion have considerably consumed the ink and papers of academic research because taxation is an issue that has been relevant in the last 6000 years of human history and will continue to be relevant in the future. Questions about tax compliance are as old as taxes themselves and will remain an area of discovery as long as taxes exist. To understand the impact of a tax system, it is important to know who complies with the tax law as well as who does not. In this paper I discuss several key factors that seem to be important for understanding tax compliance in Republic of Moldova: factors of tax evasion and avoidance, consequences and methods for ensuring tax compliance.

  15. LATERAL MARKETING IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SUCCESSFUL PRODUCT POLICY OF WINERIES IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana GHENOVA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This scientific publication is aimed at solving application of lateral marketing the issues of in the context of commodity policy of wineries in the Republic of Moldova. Currently, Moldovan wineries face with a high level of competition,both in foreign and domestic market of alcoholic beverages, which leads to an unstable dynamics of growth of volumes of production and sales of their products. We have also studied examples of applying the lateral technology of Moldovan wineries, which revealed the level of the problem and their implementation. Along with this, a number of recommendations have been made in the framework of lateral marketing at the product level, market and marketing mix, allowing increasing the efficiency of commodity policy of domestic wineries.

  16. Medical and biological aspects of the Chernobyl nuclear accident influence on the population of the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coretchi, L.S.; Bahnarel, I.N.

    2007-01-01

    Complete text of publication follows. Stress factors action on the population health evaluation, especially on the emergency workers remains one of the most important problems of the contemporary medicine. In this line the Chernobyl nuclear accident (CNA) that took place on the 26th April 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power station (NPS) is an eloquent example. Radioactive substances produced in the result of CNA fell out in a significant part of the Europe, including the Republic of Moldova territory, affecting more than 5,000,000 persons. In CNA consequences liquidation participated a lot of military staff including a great number of reservists. Lack of previous experience in the field (it was the first large-scale nuclear accident) made it impossible to prepare specially trained personnel for CNA limitation and liquidation. Consequently a lot of military staff even from the first days presented to medical authorities with a gamma of symptoms, which were henceforth characterized as somatic diseases after detailed investigations. Ionizing radiation influence on the health status of the participants in diminishing of consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear accident (PDCCNA) evaluation is difficult enough and so calls for an ample multilateral study applying modern diagnostic techniques. Large studies were yet conducted in the Russian Federation, the Ukraine and the Republic of Belarus. Acquired data suggests the existence of noticeable deteriorating effect of ionizing radiation produced secondary to CNA with the increased incidence of health status disturbances in affected population. Approximately 3500 inhabitants from the Republic of Moldova took part in the Chernobyl nuclear accident consequences liquidation. Study objective comprises the determination of clinical, immunological and cytogenetic features in PDCCNA from the Republic of Moldova and their descendants. Between 1996 and 2005 period 850 patients - participants in removal of consequences of Chernobyl

  17. THE REALITY AND PERSPECTIVES OF ACHIEVING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS REGARDING POVERTY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia GHITIU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The novelty of the paper consists in the importance of poverty phenomenon, which has become a serious problem both at national and regional levels in recent years. The main paper objective consists in researching of poverty eradication, which is possible just by finding multilateral and complex solutions, because of the complicated nature of this scourge of society. In this case, the involvement of international organizations has a major importance. According to the EU commitments and of international community, public assistance for development should be increased as soon as possible. But, beneficiary countries, must improve their economic and institutional governance. Thus, the Republic Moldova has aligned itself along with other countries in achieving these objectives. There where used the following research methods: systematic analysis, synthesis, logic, etc. The main scientific results of the authors in this paper are the identification, analysis and systematization of the central elements in fighting with poverty phenomenon in our country taking into account its international character.

  18. The biological effects of low doses of ionizing radiation: Chernobyl nuclear accident and spreading of hemoblastoses in Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bulbuc, G.; Corcimaru, I.; Bahnarel, I; Buzdugan, A.; Holban, V.; Bragoi, O.; Garaev, S.

    1997-01-01

    The study of morbidity by hematologic neoplasms before and after the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident in regions of Moldova differently affected by radiation and some immuno- metabolic disturbances in people from these regions was the object of the present work. An increase of standardized (world) incidence of hemoblastoses during the 10 years after the Accident, especially in children under 10 years old and in persons over 60 years old, was registered. A decrease of immunologic indices and the alterations of the amino acids content in blood serum and erythrocytes of healthy persons from the regions with higher radioactive impact after the Accident were established as well. A possible correlation between mentioned modifications are discussed. (author)

  19. Current status of radiation safety of disposal facility in the Republic of Moldova and measures of its improvement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zaharia, G.

    2000-01-01

    The infrastructure and waste management safety in the Republic of Moldova is presented. The current situation in the waste disposal facility is described. The radioactive waste inventory shows a total activity of 16.4 TBq. The radiological survey of soils at the CRWDF show a significant increase of the contamination by 226 Ra and 90 Sr at depths 3 - 5.5 m, considered as an accidental situation provoked by the disintegration of the facility protective walls. Measures for the prevention of further contamination and ground water are discussed. Construction of a new radioactive waste shallow land disposal facility on the site combined with some engineering improvements of the site is considered the best solution. Some problems of the waste management in the country are presented

  20. THE FOLCLOR ORCHESTRA AS A CONSERVATION, VALIRIZATION, CAPITALIZATION FACTOR AND MEDIA DISSEMINATION OF TRADITIONAL MUSIC IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHISELIŢĂ VASILE

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at motivating the necessity to study the professional folk orchestras from the Republic of Moldova as a factor of identifying, institutionalizing, urbanizing, media disseminating, promoting the modern traditional (oral musical sources in the context of the process of negotiating the cultural identities from the modern society (the second half of the 20th and the first decade of the 21st centuries. The author focuses his attention to the theoretical and methodologic instrument of studying the repertory of the professional folk orchestra „Folclor” as a paradigm of a new stylistic trend of the cultural identity in the sphere of contemporary folk art — neotraditional music.

  1. E-governance European and international standards of opportune impact on decision-making in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria GOREA

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The scientific publication denotes trends of a scientific and academic research of the practices of the: investigation, development, evaluation, implementation, practical application, renovation and evolutionary domain that refers to the European and international e-government standards who manifest an opportune impact on decision- making process of the Republic of Moldova, which also develops the image of the relational hierarchy of the e-government and the decision-making process by creating some situations modeled and obtained recursively the repercussion aspect of the international standards that can resolve the dilemmas existing in space microenvironment framed in macroenvironment progressing continuously emerging the evolution irreversible of the phenomenon of the globalization etc.

  2. The Ideological and Political Dimensions of the Anti-Smoking and Anti-Drinking Video Advertisements in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanchevici, Dmitri

    2017-06-01

    Based on the critical approach in health communication, along with Habermas's theory of legitimation and Ellul's theory of propaganda, this qualitative study analyzes the political and ideological dimensions of the video advertisements used in the 2012 anti-smoking and 2014 anti-drinking campaigns in the Republic of Moldova. This analysis shows that these health videos support male domination and exclusion of the poor and legitimate the current political leadership with its declared pro-European orientation. This study uniquely contributes to the critical approach in health communication by focusing on the post-Soviet context in which statehood and national identity are unstable and societies are torn between the Russian and (post-)Soviet influences on one hand and European aspirations on the other. Drawing on critical scholarship in global health communication, this article calls for greater respect and recognition of Moldova's local culture and definition of health.

  3. THE INTERACTION OF TEAM MEMBERS AS A KEY FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ITS SKILLS AND BENEFITS IN THE ENTERPRISES OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela GUZUN, PhD Student,Free International University of Moldova

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The actuality of the theme consists in concretizing the importance of the management teams, identifying and classifying the most adequate individual and personality qualities and the behavior specificity of their members. The author emphasizes the analysis methods of premises that encourages the formation of the management teams, analyzes the impact of the place and the role of the property, of its structure on the practice regarding the formation of the management teams within the companies of the Republic of Moldova. The results are considered as useful and axiomatic in the process of elaborating the management model by the administration of the local companies. The aim is to motivate scientifically and to elaborate the concept fundamentals concerning the formation and the functioning of the management teams, which might improve the management of the modern companies from the Republic of Moldova.

  4. The Situation of Investment Projects for Modernization of Agricultural Holdings in Moldova Before and After Romania’s Accession to the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina-Mirela Marcu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present the situation of EU funds absorption for modernization the agricultural holdings in Moldova, geographical region considered to be among the poorest in Romania. After 1989, the essential changes in the land structures ownership on the replacement the old structures land ownership of socialist economy with private property, have profoundly marked the Romanian rural space and the food trade balance of Romania suffered a continuing deterioration. The funding based on projects implemented once the SAPARD pre-accession funds, has provided many perspectives Romanian farmers, especially by increasing the budget for investments in the field. This approach shows that the economic performance of representative agricultural holdings in Moldova has evolved positively, but differently across the region.

  5. CHARACTERISTIC OF STEADY-STATE REGIME FOR ONE OF SCENARIOUS OF MOLDOVA RIGHT BANK POWER SYSTEM INTEGRATION TO ENTSO-E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaitsev D.A.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the integration scenario of Moldavian power system to ENTSO-E. Various options of the development of power generation on the territory of the Republic of Moldova have been proposed and analyzed in order to correspond with Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2030. Analysis of steady-state operation has been performed regarding active power losses for entire power system, and also for the each element with differentiation on voltage levels. The computation and estimation of static stability factor for active power and for voltage were performed. Import/export of energy was estimated, and other indices of regime of energy system were analyzed as well. Technically effective variants were selected as a result of comparative analysis.

  6. The Politics of Electoral Reforms in Post-Communist Countries : The 6 March 2005 Parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Sulima, Snejana

    2007-01-01

    The article deals with the March 6th 2005 parliamentary election in the Republic of Moldova. It mentions the changes that occurred in the electoral system after the 1991 declaration of independence of the country. The article cites electoral legislation, describes the running of the electoral process and analyses the election results of the 2006 process. It also contains information about the implication of international bodies in the Moldavian elections.

  7. Muzica corală spirituală din Republica Moldova în anii 1990: racordări la experienţe stilistice mondiale moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagacevschi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the revival of ecclesiastical and spiritual genres of concert in the choral works of the composers of the Republic of Moldova in the years 1990–2000. Some of the contemporary composers around the world have shown a significant interest for composing religious music. However, some of the innovators of modern religious music choose to create polyphonic compositions exclusively in church music genres and remain oblivious of the multitude of the modern secular musical genres. After a period of prohibition, similar processes are also recorded in the Republic of Moldova. The acute interest for exploring the church music genres and styles was demonstrated by the composers of choral music and also by the composers-symphonists that were eager to explore vocal polyphony. The author examines the influence of the stylistic trends in Europe and America of the XX century, from avant-garde to postmodernism, and the traditions of Byzantine church music and Western-European choral art of the XIII–XIX centuries, on the composers’ reflections on the evolution of the national choral music at the mentioned stage. Similar phenomena in the culture of the countries, to which Moldova is traditionally affiliated to – Russia and Romania, are taken into account.

  8. THE BANKING SUPERVISION: CAN IT REDUCE THE RISK-TAKING AND, CONSEQUENTLY, STRENGTHEN THE STABILITY OF THE BANKING SECTOR IN MOLDOVA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena MARGARINT

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Actuality: The empirical studies on the impact of the supervision on the stability of the banking sector are mitigated, varying depending on the particular characteristics of the bank and, in addition, the country's policy in which banks operate. This is why this study is important for the banking sector in Moldova. Purpose: The objective of this article is to studies the effects of the banking supervision on the risk-taking of banks and, consequently, the stability of the banking sector in Moldova. Methods: To order to achieve its purpose, the author applied the method of static panel data with random effect. Results: This empirical analysis reported the following results: increased restrictions on the activities of banks increases the stability of the banking sector. On the other hand, the power and independence of the supervisory authority have a negative impact on the stability of Moldovan banks. The increase of the capital level strengthens the stability of Moldovan banks and, at the same time, reduces the risk. Thus, capital regulations are an important pillar of the policy of the regulation of the banking sector of Moldova.

  9. Analiza economică a cultivării fructelor şi legumelor în Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ndrei ZBANCĂ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium agricultural producers of the Republic of Moldova focus on developing highvalue agricultural sector, which provides the greatest profits and, due to this fact, could become an important source of increasing income in the rural sector. This paper presents the results of economic calculations (performed by the authors related to the amount of investments and terms of investment recovery (calculated per 1 hectare for 47 high value agricultural crops (fruits and vegetables, as well as to the economic results of the operational activity of growing these crops (sales incomes, sale costs, gross profit, economic profitability. The authors developed cost budgets and their components for each crop. The presented calculation data will enable local entrepreneurs to select the correct crops based on the economic indicators and to deliberately invest the financial resources. Rezumat. Producătorii agricoli mici şi medii din Republica Moldova sunt orientaţi spre dezvoltarea sectorului agricol de valoare înaltă, care oferă cele mai mari profituri şi care, datorită acestui fapt, ar putea deveni o sursă importantă de majorare a veniturilor în sectorul rural. În această lucrare sunt prezentate rezultatele calculelor economice (efectuate de autori privind suma investiţiilor necesare si termenele de recuperare a investiţiilor (în calcul la 1 ha pentru 47 de culturi de valoare înaltă (fructe şi legume şi estimările privind rezultatele economice din activitatea operaţională la cultivarea acestor culturi (venituri din vânzări, costul vânzărilor, profitul brut, rentabilitatea economică. Autorii au elaborat pentru fiecare cultură bugetul costurilor şi componenţa lor. Datele de calcul prezentate vor permite antreprenorilor autohtoni să selecteze corect culturile în baza indicilor economici şi să investească in mod chibzuit resursele financiare.

  10. Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    The text of the Agreement (and the Protocol thereto) concluded between the Republic of Moldova and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Safeguards Agreement on 12 September 1995. It was signed on 27 September 1995 in Vienna and 14 June 1996 in Chisinau. Pursuant to Article 24 of the Agreement, the Agreement entered into force on 17 May 2006, the date upon which the Agency received from Moldova written notification that Moldova's statutory and constitutional requirements for entry into force had been met. Pursuant to Article II of the Protocol, the Protocol entered into force on the same date

  11. BASIS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LIQUIDITY OF THE GOVERNMENT SECURITIES MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria COCIUG

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The unilateral structure of the domestic financial market, monopolized by banking institutions,requires a major reconfiguration by returning to representative positions of the capital market. Thisrestructuring can be initiated by increasing investors' interest in the government securities market, givingit some quality elements, but also by creating a trading system that would increase the liquidity of allsecurities on the capital market. Increasing the quality of the GS market would allow the government on theone hand, to diversify its funding sources and manage its most important market risks more effectively, andon the other hand the financial sector would create opportunities for it to correlate and synchronize thedevelopment of the GS market with other segments of the capital market. In order to identify prerequisitesfor the development of the GS market in the RM, using the methods of research analysis, synthesis anddeduction, we initially sought to identify the characteristics that define a market of government securitiesas a qualitative one. A comparative analysis of the historical evolution of government securities markets,which can be considered representative for the Republic of Moldova, can provide the necessary experiencefor the improvement of the liquidity level of the domestic government securities market. The results of thisresearch have identified several possible actions, the implementation of which could lead to an increase inthe quality of the domestic GS market.

  12. Lower Devonian lithofacies and palaeoenvironments in the southwestern margin of the East European Platform (Ukraine, Moldova and Romania

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    Natalia Radkovets

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Lower Devonian palaeoshelf deposits extend along the western margin of the East European Platform from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea. These deposits have been studied on the territory of Ukraine (Volyn-Podillyan Plate, Dobrogean Foredeep and correlated with coeval deposits in Moldova and Romania (Moldovian Platform. The investigation of the Lower Devonian deposits, their thickness, petrographic and lithological characteristics allowed reconstruction of two types of lithofacies and distinguishing two different depositional environments. The first lithofacies belonging to the Lochkovian stage, consists of clayey-carbonate rocks and represents a continuation of the Upper Silurian marine strata. The other lithofacies encompassing the Pragian–Emsian comprises terrigenous reddish-brown rocks, which are roughly equivalent to the Old Red Sandstone, completes the Lower Devonian section. Establishing the occurrence and thickness distribution of the terrigenous lithofacies across the study area is important, because it forms potential reservoir rocks for both conventional and unconventional (tight gas hydrocarbons. Gas accumulation in these reservoir rocks has been discovered at the Lokachi field.

  13. LONG TERM EFFECTS OF AMELIORATIVE WORKS ON SOME SOIL QUALITY PARAMETERS FROM BAIA –MOLDOVA EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DRAINAGE FIELD

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    V. Moca

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The soil-climatic conditions from Baia Depression – the hydrographical basin from the extra-Carpathian area of the Moldova River - have frequently determined the presence, under different forms, intensities and periods, of temporary water excess from soil. The underground drainage, as a measure of water excess control, with stagnant character, caused mainly by rainfall amounts registered for 1-5 consecutive days, was firstly arranged in pilot-experimental fields during 1972-1978. We followed the behaviour in exploitation of underground drainage technical solutions, as concerns the functional efficiency of the means of water excess removal and of the improved soil favourableness and/or suitability for crop growing.In order to assess the long-term effects of ameliorating works, applied in 1978 in the drainage field of Baia, on an area of 3.50 ha, we have qualitatively classified and estimated the albic stagnic glossic Luvosoil (S.R.T.S. – 2003, improved and unimproved. Based on this study, we have estimated the present favourableness for crops of the improved soil, as compared to unimproved soil, used as natural grassland, after an exploitation cycle of 30 years (1978- 2008.

  14. Greening Solutions Applicable in the Tailing Ponds Tăusani and Bosneag from Moldova Nouă

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burlacu, I. F.; Deak, G.; Raischi, M. C.; Daescu, A.; Zamfir, S.; Uritescu, B.; Cirstinoiu, C.; Olteanu, M. V.

    2017-06-01

    This study aims to propose solutions for greening of the tailings ponds resulted from mining activities with transboundary impacts. As case study, are proposed for greening the Boşneag and Tăuşani tailing ponds because they pollute Moldova Nouă, Danube and towns on the Serbian side of the Danube with particles in suspension. We analyzed four scenarios of modeling dispersion of particles in suspension (copper and other heavy metals) from the Tăuşani and Boşneag tailing ponds in the theoretical background where pollution has cross-border nature and require studying the transport of pollutants over a long distance from the source and modeling dispersion of particles in suspension in the atmosphere, these were performed using TAPM model, able to simulate the aspects mentioned. After running the software for modeling the dispersion of particles, was revealed that the pollution generated from the pollution sources taked into consideration is very high and significantly affects quality of life on considerable areas both in Romania and Serbia, thus amplifying the need to implement greening solutions of the analyzed area. Following the results obtained are presented three alternatives solutions for greening the area studied, aiming at minimizing the impact on the environmental and population.

  15. Firm Characteristics and their Effects on Foreign Direct Investment Evidence from Romania, Republic of Moldova and Republic of Turkey

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    Doina Prodan Palade

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the firm accounting and financial performance ratios are reflected in the level of the Foreign Direct Investment and which one plays the most important role in attracting the foreign investors. the paper investigates the prior research works on this topic, underlining the influence of different factors on the level of Foreign Direct Investment. The sample is made of 25 randomly extracted firms listed on Bucharest Stock Exchange, for the fiscal year 2014. We constructed and tested a multiple linear regression model, using the level of Foreign Direct Investment as the dependent variable and 22 financial ratios, as independent variables. the authors found a positive effect of the financial ratios such as the net turnover to networking capital, equity multiplier, and net profitability ratio on the level of Foreign Direct Investment. the results of the research show that to enhance Foreign Direct Investment, corporations must improve their accounting and financial performance. The originality of this study results from the fact that it takes into consideration three different economic environments: Romania, Turkey and Moldova, respectively a European Union member country, a candidate to the European Union and a non- European Union country.

  16. ARHITECTURA TEXTULUI ŞI TERMINOLOGIEI JURIDICE ÎN CONTEXTUL REPUBLICII MOLDOVA ÎN PERIOADA 1950-2015

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    Alina BUŞILĂ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Limba română vorbită în Republica Moldova a cunoscut numeroase transformări de-a lungul timpu­lui, în special din cauza procesului de rusificare, care a dus la crearea hibrizilor la toate nivelurile: fonetic, morfologic, lexical etc. Termi­nologia juridică a fost şi ea intoxicată cu forme gramaticale şi sintactice greşite, calchieri, împrumuturi şi transliteraţii/ transcripţii agramate: „camera de chibzuire” (camera de deliberări, „judecătorie narodnică”, „judecată tovărăşească” (instanţă de arbitraj, „socotelile între părţi”, „prestaţiune corelativă”, „se datoreşte culpei”, „încunoş­tinţarea despre anularea procurii” sau „sunt persoane juridice […] care funcţionează pe bază de hozrasciot”, „publici­tatea dezbaterilor judiciare”, „soluţionarea chestiunilor” etc. Aceşti termeni au fost valabili şi utilizaţi în coduri, mai mult decât atât – trataţi ca normalitate. Deşi terminologia juridică, ca şi alte limbaje specializate, presupune în sine elocvenţă, exprimări impecabile şi precizie, amintirea trecutului încă mai predomină în textul juridic moldovenesc, prin exemple ca: speluncă (Organizarea ori întreţinerea speluncilor pentru consumul substanţelor narcotice sau psihotrope – art.219 CP RM sau samavolnicie (contravenţia de samavolnicie – art.335 C.contr. RM etc.În acest articol ne-am propus să descriem procesul de formare a termenilor juridici în perioada anilor 1950–2015 în condiţiile RSSM şi ale Republicii Moldova, să identificăm sursele din care aceşti termeni juridici au pătruns în vocabu­lar şi să descriem evoluţia acestora prin confruntarea dintre tradiţie şi inovaţie, normă lingvistică şi uz. Materialul lingvistic examinat a fost selectat din Codul de procedură civilă al RSSM din 1965 şi 1983, din Codul civil al RSSM din 1964 şi 1986 şi din codurile în vigoare în 2016.ARCHITECTURE OF LEGAL TEXT AND

  17. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Moldova and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: The importance of health system governance

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    R. Gregory Thomas-Reilly

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB arises where treatment is interrupted or inadequate, when patients are treated inappropriately, or when an individual has impaired immune function, which can lead to a rapid progression from infection with an MDR-strain to disease. This study examines the role of health systems in amplifying or preventing the development of MDR-TB. Methods: We present two comparative studies, which were undertaken in The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (TFYR Macedonia and Moldova. Results: The findings reveal several health systems-level factors that contribute to the different rates of MDR-TB observed in these two countries, including: pre-existing burden of disease; organization of the health system, with the existence of parallel systems; power dynamics among policy makers and disease programmes; and the accountability & effectiveness of programme oversight. Conclusions: The findings do not offer a universal template for health system reform but do identify specific factors that may be contributing to the epidemic and are worthy of further attention in the two countries.

  18. Emigrants’ Remittances and the “Dutch Disease” in Small Transition Economies: the Case Of Albania and Moldova

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    Christos Nikas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available An exogenous inflow of foreign exchange can lead to an appreciation of the currency of the receiving country, a deterioration of its competitiveness and a fall in net exports. Economic theory identifies this as the “Dutch Disease” although it is more often observed in emerging economies. The origin of the real exchange rate appreciation can differ from country to country but the inflow of remittances, the main and clearer gain for the emigration countries, has been accused for such an outcome. This paper tests the applicability of the “Dutch Disease” for two small transition economies under a free floating exchange rate regime, namely Albania and Moldova. In recent years, these countries have experienced impressive outflows of emigrants and even more impressive inflows of remittances. However, the econometric results, based on the ordinary least squares fixed effects, show that the impact of the workers’ remittances on the real exchange rate varies among the countries examined. The results confirm that the macroeconomic implications of these large capital inflows have been actually different between the countries.

  19. La europeización de la República de Moldova: un camino sinuoso e incierto hacia la integración europea

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    Aurelia Dercaci

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Después de la proclamación de la independencia en 1991, la República de Moldova (RM ha declarado su firme determinación de emprender su camino hacia Europa, a la que se siente identificada culturalmente. Aunque en las declaraciones y documentos adoptados el Estado nunca ha renunciado a este objetivo, ciertas acciones de sus líderes políticos parecen contradecir dicho compromiso. El trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el proceso de evolución de la República de Moldova a la Unión Europea (UE, los compromisos asumidos por ambos y su cumplimiento. Además, voy a comparar los progresos realizados por Ucrania y RM hacia el acercamiento a la Unión Europea en los últimos años. Hace algunos años, Ucrania fue el país oriental con la perspectiva fundamental de la futura integración en la UE debido a sus cambios democráticos, hoy República de Moldova ha demostrado ser capaz de hacer más progresos en la promoción de la democracia y la aplicación de las reformas de gobernanza que Ucrania. Por otro lado, la relación entre la RM y la UE sigue siendo influenciada por las medidas adoptadas por la Federación de Rusia en la región donde todavía tiene influencia significativa, y tratar de mantener su presencia. Una de las herramientas fuertes de la influencia es la dependencia del suministro de energía y su falta de diversificación. El conflicto sin resolver de Transnistria es otro factor determinante de la falta de certeza en el proceso de europeización de la RM. El trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la eficiencia de la europeización de la República de Moldova a través de la Política de Vecindad Europea, utilizando un método combinado constructivista y racionalista.

  20. Monetary and Fiscal Policy Interaction and the Relationship between the Central Bank and the Government. (The Case of Republic of Moldova

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    Corina Chironachi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author is analyzing the impact of fiscal and monetary policies on the dynamics of the exchange rate, inflation and other macroeconomic variables. The author investigates the forms of strategic interaction between the Government and the Central Bank in designing and implementing these policies. As a result, the author concludes the necessity of institutions cooperation in the development and implementation of monetary and fiscal policy measures, but also concluded that the responsible institutions must remain independent in achieving an efficient monetary and fiscal policy of the Republic of Moldova.

  1. THE NEED OF DEVELOPING THE INVESTMENT OF WINE-MAKING IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN ORDER TO ENTER THE EUROPEAN MARKET

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    Angela ŞESTACOVSCAIA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Wine-making in the Republic of Moldova is an industrial sector with high growth potential. But in recent years the sector has undergone drastic changes. In order to harness the potential of the wine-making we need to invest in improving the quality of wine products, to develop new products, to enter new markets. In order to achieve these objectives in the country it is developed the restructuring program of the wine sector with financial support of the European Investment Bank.

  2. Mechanisms of e-government activity in the Republic of Moldova compared to the decision-making framework of EU internationalization

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    Victoria GOREA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The performances of the macrosystem e-Government denotes the macro and microenvironments of decision moving through the implementation and application of a variety of mechanisms and tools, which being diversified contribute to fortifying the common public opinion. The cyber administration develops the most important mechanisms to reinforce the uniformity of the microenvironment e-Government. The Republic of Moldova is a component and participative part of the evolutionary decisional microsystem of e-Government similar to the directives of the macrosystem vectors.

  3. PERCEPŢIILE NOII GENERAŢII ASUPRA IDENTITĂŢII ŞI IMAGINII REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

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    Maria GRIGORAŞ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Scopul prezentului demers constă în identificarea tuturor elementelor tangibile şi intangibile ce influenţează imaginea de ţară a Republicii Moldova pe plan intern şi extinderea acestora asupra exportului, turismului, gradului de atragere a investiţiilor şi asupra calităţii vieţii, ceea ce impune  necesitatea unei repoziţionări a imaginii de ţară în cadrul conjuncturii internaţionale deja existente.Pentru realizarea scopului s-a ţinut cont de următoarele obiective: determinarea şi evaluarea componentelor specifice imaginii de ţară a Republicii Moldova şi necesitatea iminentă a rebrandingului pentru acest stat. Astfel, a fost folosită informaţia operativă privind executarea bugetelor unităţilor administrativ-teritoriale pe ultimii trei ani, şi anume: taxa de aplicare a simbolicii locale  şi o anchetă-pilot. Analizând rezultatele cercetării s-a constatat că noua generaţie are o percepţie, mai degrabă, negativă asupra trăsăturilor prezente ale ţării (corupţie, birocraţie, exod de capital uman peste graniţele ţării, toate ţinând de mediul politic, însă au fost determinate şi principii directoare pentru conceperea unui nou brand de ţară.THE NEW GENERATION’S PERCEPTIONS OF THE IDENTITY AND IMAGE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThe purpose of this work is to identify all tangible and intangible elements influencing the image of theRepublicofMoldovawithin the country and their extension on exports, tourism, and the degree of attracting investment and quality of life, as well as the need for repositioning the image of the country in the existing international environment. To achieve the goal, there were considered the following objectives: the determination and assessment of the components specific for the country’s image of theRepublicofMoldovaand the necessity of rebranding for this country. That’s why we used the operational information concerning the budgets execution of the administrative

  4. CONŢINUTUL METALELOR GRELE ÎN COMPONENTELE MEDIULUI DIN ZONA DE CENTRU A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

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    Olesea GLIGA

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Scopul acestei lucrări rezidă în determinarea conţinutului unor metale grele (Pb, Cd şi Cu în componentele mediu­lui (sol, apă şi floră din zona de centru a Republicii Moldova. Au fost selectate 4 situri de studiu, cu diferit impact antropic, din care au fost prelevate probe de sol, apă şi floră. Conţinutul de metale grele în componentele de mediu au fost deter­minate prin Spectrometria de Absorbţie Atomică cu atomizare termică. Rezultatele cercetărilor au demonstrat prezenţa metalelor cercetate în toate probele de sol şi floră analizate şi lipsa acestora în probele de apă, cu excepţia Cu. Concen­tra­ţiile de Pb, Cd şi Cu în solurile din siturile antropizate (industrial şi transport auto au fost mai mari în comparaţie cu cele din situl forestier (td = 2,05 - 4,36; P < 0,05 - 0,001. Analogic celor din sol, şi concentraţiile acestora în flora meliferă pre­levată din siturile antropizate au înregistrat valori mai mari în comparaţie cu cel forestier (td = 1,19 - 4,0; P > 0,1 - <0,001. De asemenea, şi concentraţia de Cu în mostrele de apă prelevate din siturile industrial şi transport auto a fost mai mare în comparaţie cu cele din situl forestier (td = 2,0 - 5,17; P < 0,1- 0,001. Putem constata că concentraţia metalelor grele cercetate în componentele mediului este în funcţie de prezenţa surselor de poluare din aceste situri. Totodată, în toate siturile cercetate nu au fost constatate depăşiri ale nivelurilor maximal admisibile, conform normelor în vigoare. THE CONTENT OF HEAVY METALS IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS IN THE CENTRAL AREA OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA The aim of this paper was to determine the content of heavy metals (Pb, Cd and Cu in the environmental components (soil, water and flora in the central area of the Republicof Moldova. Have been selected 4 study sites with different human impact, from which have been collected samples of soil, water and flora. The heavy metal

  5. OPTIMIZAREA SISTEMULUI FISCAL – PREMISA CREĂRII UNEI ECONOMII DE PIAŢĂ FUNCŢIONALĂ ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

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    Petru GRICIUC

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cadrul analitic pe care autorul îl dezvoltă în acest articol sugerează trei dimensiuni cu ajutorul cărora poate fi eva-luat impactul politicii fiscale asupra funcţionalităţii economiei naţionale. Aceste dimensiuni sunt: sustenabilitatea fis-cală; structura fiscală; stabilizarea fiscală. Eforturile pe care Republica Moldova trebuie să le depună pentru a asigura sustenabilitatea fiscală, o structură fiscală eficientă şi îmbunătăţi stabilitatea macroeconomică ţin de: cadrul fiscal (cadrul legislativ şi instituţional, politica fiscală şi managementul fiscal.FISCAL SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION – PREMISE FOR CREATING A FUNCTIONAL MARKET ECONOMY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThe analytical framework that the author develops in this article suggests three dimensions by which it is possible to assess the impact of fiscal policy impact on the functionality of the national economy. The dimensions are the fiscal sustainability, the tax structure, and fiscal stabilization. The efforts that Moldova should make to ensure a fiscal sustainability, an efficient tax structure and improved macroeconomic stability are related to the fiscal framework (legislative and institutional, fiscal policy and fiscal management.

  6. PRE-EXISTING ELEMENTS OF CUSTOMS OFFENSES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LEGISLATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND THESE OF ROMANIA

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    Aurel Octavian Pasat

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Our scientific approach will include, to a considerable extent, the analysis of smuggling offenses. We will analyze the pre-existing elements of customs offenses in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Moldova and that of Romania, our focus being on the investigation of the object of customs offenses. The analysis carried out aims at: highlighting the generic legal object and the special legal object of customs offenses. Different research methods were used to carry out the study, including: analysis, synthesis, deduction, induction. However, the most used method was comparative considering the specifics of the subject under investigation. In the customs sphere, the Romanian legislator has incriminated: simple smuggling, skilled smuggling, the use of unrealistic acts and the use of falsified documents. The analysis of smuggling (simple and qualified will make an incursion both in the legislation of the Republic of Moldova and in Romania; analysis of using false documents and use of forged documents will refer to the rules of the Customs Code of Romania, while the analysis evade customs payments will make use of the Criminal Code rules.

  7. THE ACCOUNTING OF THE PLEDGED ASSETS PASSED TO THE LICENSED BANKS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA FOR THE REPAYMENT OF THE GRANTED LOAN

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    Tatiana ŞEVCIUC

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In banking practice the pledge plays an important role, it is often used to denote the pledge agreement, as well asthe real right that is the result of the pledge agreement conclusion and the good that is the object of the pledge. Thepledge is the only real security interest in the range of bank guarantees. Actually, each obligation can beguaranteed by the pledging. Assets diversification and trade needs have led to the development of a new pledgeform. Anyway, regardless of the number and content of the economic material, the licensed banks from the Republicof Moldova attach importance to the correctness of pledge accounting taking into account the deadline. Thus, thisresearch aims to present the accounting of the pledged assets passed to the licensed banks from the Republic ofMoldova for the repayment of the granted loan, taking into account the enforcement of the obligation secured by thepledge deadline, the right to possession of the pledged asset and not the least of its value. In the research there wasmainly used the method of monographic study applying elements of observation, selection, induction and deduction.

  8. Women in post-trafficking services in moldova: diagnostic interviews over two time periods to assess returning women's mental health

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    Gorceag Lilia T

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Trafficking in women is a widespread human rights violation commonly associated with poor mental health. Yet, to date, no studies have used psychiatric diagnostic assessment to identify common forms of mental distress among survivors returning to their home country. Methods A longitudinal study was conducted of women aged 18 and over who returned to Moldova between December 2007 and December 2008 registered by the International Organisation for Migration as a survivor of human trafficking. Psychiatric diagnoses in women at a mean of 6 months after return (range 2-12 months were made by a trained Moldavian psychiatrist using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, and compared with diagnoses recorded in the same women within 5 days of return. We described the socio-demographic characteristics of the women in the sample including both pre and post-trafficking information. We then described the distribution of mental health diagnoses recorded during the crisis intervention phase (1-5 days after return and the re-integration phase (2-12 months after return. We compared diagnoses at the patient level between the two time points by tabulating the diagnoses and carrying out a kappa test of agreement and the Stuart-Maxwell test for marginal homogeneity (an extension of the McNemar test to kxk table. Results 120/176 (68% eligible women participated. At 2-12 months after their return, 54% met criteria for at least one psychiatric diagnoses comprising post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD alone (16%; co-morbid PTSD (20%; other anxiety or mood disorder (18%. 85% of women who had been diagnosed in the crisis phase with co-morbid PTSD or with another anxiety or mood disorder sustained a diagnosis of any psychiatric disorder when followed up during rehabilitation. Conclusions Trafficked women returning to their country of origin are likely to suffer serious psychological distress that may endure well beyond the time they return. Women

  9. From scheme to system: social health insurance funds and the transformation of health financing in Kyrgyzstan and Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutzin, Joseph; Jakab, Melitta; Shishkin, Sergey

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to bring evidence and lessons from two low- and middle-income countries (LMIs) of the former USSR into the global debate on health financing in poor countries. In particular, we analyze the introduction of social health insurance (SHI) in Kyrgyzstan and Moldova. To some extent, the intent of SHI introduction in these countries was similar to that in LMIs elsewhere: increase prepaid revenues for health and incorporate the entire population into the new system. But the approach taken to universality was different. In particular, the SHI fund in each country was used as the key instrument in a comprehensive reform of the health financing system, with the new revenues from payroll taxation used in an explicitly complementary manner to general budget revenues. From a functional perspective, the reforms in these countries involved not only the introduction of a new source of funds, but also the centralization of pooling, a shift from input- to output-based provider payment methods, specification of a benefit package, and greater autonomy for public sector health care providers. Hence, their reforms were not simply the introduction of an SHI scheme, but rather the use of an SHI fund as an instrument to transform the entire system of health financing. The study uses administrative and household data to demonstrate the impact of the reforms on regional inequality and household financial burden. The approach used in these two countries led to improved equity in the geographic distribution of government health spending, improved financial protection, and reduced informal payments. The comprehensive approach taken to reform in these two countries, and particularly the redirection of general budget revenues to the new SHI funds, explain much of the success that was achieved. This experience offers potentially useful lessons for LMIs elsewhere in the world, and for shifting the global debate away from what we see as a false dichotomy between SHI and

  10. Strategii de PR în retorica electorala din Parlamentarele -2014, Republica Moldova vs „revoluția crizantemelor”, octombrie 2015 (PR strategies in the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections in 2014, Republic of Moldova vs „the chrysanthemums revolution”, october 2015)

    OpenAIRE

    Aurelia PERU-BALAN

    2015-01-01

    In this article the author approaches the trends of the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections that were held on 30th of November. The article determines which are the most used campaign issues with a mobilizing effect on the voters; among these – the external path of the Republic of Moldova. During the last five years, the right and center-right wing parties have chosen the EU integration, the left-wing parties – the Eurasian Union. The contribution also analyzes the most rele...

  11. Cost analysis and exploratory cost-effectiveness of youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempers, Jari; Ketting, Evert; Lesco, Galina

    2014-07-21

    Youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services (YFHS) have high priority in many countries. Yet, little is known about the cost and cost-effectiveness of good quality YFHS in resource limited settings. This paper analyses retrospectively costs and potential cost-effectiveness of four well performing youth-friendly health centres (YFHC) in Moldova. This study assesses: (1) what were the costs of YFHSs at centre level, (2) how much would scaling-up to a national good quality YFHS programme cost, and (3) was the programme potentially cost-effective? Four well performing YFHCs were selected for the study. YFHS costs were analysed per centre, funding source, service and person reached. The costing results were extrapolated to estimate cost of a good quality national YFHS programme in Moldova. A threshold analysis was carried out to estimate the required impact level for the YFHSs to break-even (become cost saving). Average annual cost of a well performing YFHC was USD 26,000 in 2011. 58% was financed by the National Health Insurance Company and the rest by external donors (42%). Personnel salaries were the largest expense category (47%). The annual implementation costs of a good quality YFHSs in all 38 YFHCs of Moldova were estimated to be USD 1.0 million. The results of the threshold analysis indicate that the annual break-even impact points in a YFHC for: 1) STI services would be >364 averted STIs, 2) early pregnancy and contraceptive services >178 averted unwanted pregnancies, and 3) HIV services only >0.65 averted new HIV infections. The costing results highlight the following: 1) significant additional resources would be required for implementation of a good quality national YFHS programme, 2) the four well performing YFHCs rely heavily on external funding (42%), 3) which raises questions about financial sustainability of the programme. At the same time results of the threshold analysis are encouraging. The result suggest that, together the three SRH

  12. Cost analysis and exploratory cost-effectiveness of youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in the Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services (YFHS) have high priority in many countries. Yet, little is known about the cost and cost-effectiveness of good quality YFHS in resource limited settings. This paper analyses retrospectively costs and potential cost-effectiveness of four well performing youth-friendly health centres (YFHC) in Moldova. This study assesses: (1) what were the costs of YFHSs at centre level, (2) how much would scaling-up to a national good quality YFHS programme cost, and (3) was the programme potentially cost-effective? Methods Four well performing YFHCs were selected for the study. YFHS costs were analysed per centre, funding source, service and person reached. The costing results were extrapolated to estimate cost of a good quality national YFHS programme in Moldova. A threshold analysis was carried out to estimate the required impact level for the YFHSs to break-even (become cost saving). Results Average annual cost of a well performing YFHC was USD 26,000 in 2011. 58% was financed by the National Health Insurance Company and the rest by external donors (42%). Personnel salaries were the largest expense category (47%). The annual implementation costs of a good quality YFHSs in all 38 YFHCs of Moldova were estimated to be USD 1.0 million. The results of the threshold analysis indicate that the annual break-even impact points in a YFHC for: 1) STI services would be >364 averted STIs, 2) early pregnancy and contraceptive services >178 averted unwanted pregnancies, and 3) HIV services only >0.65 averted new HIV infections. Conclusions The costing results highlight the following: 1) significant additional resources would be required for implementation of a good quality national YFHS programme, 2) the four well performing YFHCs rely heavily on external funding (42%), 3) which raises questions about financial sustainability of the programme. At the same time results of the threshold analysis are encouraging. The result

  13. Theoretical explanations and practices regarding the distinction between the concepts: judicial error, error of law and fundamental vice in the legislation of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilisa Muntean

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In the research, a doctrinal and legal analysis of the concept of legal error is carried out. The author provides a self-defined definition of the concept addressed and highlights the main causes and conditions for the occurrence of judicial errors. At present, in the specialized legal doctrine of the Republic of Moldova, the problem of defining the judicial error has been little approached. In this respect, this scientific article is a scientific approach aimed at elucidating the theoretical and normative deficiencies and errors that occur in the area of reparation of the prejudice caused by judicial errors. In order to achieve our goal, we aim to create a core of ideas and referral mechanisms that ensure a certain interpretative and decisional homogeneity in the doctrinal and legal characterization of the phrase "judicial error".

  14. EVALUAREA POTENŢIALULUI PATRIMONIAL AL ÎNTREPRINDERILOR ŞI ORGANIZAŢIILOR DIN SISTEMUL COOPERAŢIEI DE CONSUM DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia CHIBERCEA

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available În articol este efectuată o analiză a situaţiei financiar-patrimoniale a entităților economice din sistemul cooperației de consum din Republica Moldova, ceea ce a permis autorului să constate că aceasta indică o stare concretă a capitalului entității economice, reprezentând rezultatul realizării scopului activității întreprinderii. În mod particular, în urma desfăşurării reuşite a activităţii economico-financiare, se constată o creştere a activelor controlate de întreprindere, fapt ce reflectă extinderea activităţii de întreprinzător şi sporirea potenţialului economico-financiar.EVALUATION OF THE PATRIMONIAL POTENTIAL OF THE ENTERPRISES AND ORGANIZATIONS FROM THE CONSUMER COOPERATION SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThis article reflects the analysis of the financial-patrimonial situation of economic entities from the consumer coope­ration system of theRepublicofMoldova, which in general made possible to ascertain that this is a concrete state of the economic entity's capital, representing the result of achieving the purpose of the enterprise's activity. In particular, following the successful conduct of the economic and financial activity, there is an increase in the assets controlled by the enterprise, which reflects the widening of the entrepreneurial activity and increasing economic and financial potential.

  15. Moldova - Value Chain Training

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The evaluation of the GHS value chain training subactivity wwas designed to measure the extent, if any, to which the training activities improved the productivity...

  16. Cu privire la cercetările în domeniul salvgardării patrimoniului cultural al Republicii Moldova în contextul integrării europene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantine Shishkan

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article highlights and analyzes the scientific activities of the researchers of the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, their personal scientific contribution to the process of preserving the cultural heritage of Moldova, various aspects of this problem, its solution in the context of European integration. During the period of radical social changes, the main task of the state policy in the field of culture is not only to pre serve and protect the cultural heritage, but also to support state scientific structures that provide a competent and serious approach to solving the problems arising in the process of preserving and protecting the cultural heritage. The author draws attention to the following important components of this policy: the preservation of cultural heritage as a factor in the moral and ethical consolidation of society; preservation of national cultural traditions, as well as the traditions of ethnic groups living in the Repub- lic of Moldova; the formation of a single cultural space.

  17. EFICIENȚA APLICĂRII STANDARDELOR INTERNAȚIONALE DE RAPORTARE FINANCIARĂ (IFRS ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA, ÎN CONDIȚIILE ACTUALE ALE ECONOMIEI DE PIAȚĂ

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    Svetlana MIHAILA

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available În acest articol autorii își propun să furnizeze informații privind aplicabilitatea Standardelor Internaționale de Raportare Financiară (International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS în Republica Moldova, având în vedere condițiile actuale ale economiei de piață. Mesajul acestui articol este definit de prezentarea unor situații, prin care se observă avantajele potențiale privind implementarea IFRS, privită din punctul de vedere al necesității. Totodată, sunt relatate și unele lacune posibile, în urma aplicării standardelor internaționale, ce s-ar referi la complicitate, costuri și concoradanță a informației.THE EFFICIENCY OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS APPLICATION IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE CURRENT MARKET ECONOMY CONDITIONSIn this article the authors aim to provide information regarding the International Financial Reporting Standards inRepublicofMoldova, taking into account the current market economy conditions. The message of this article is to present some situations, by which can be noted the potential advantages on implementing IFRS, looking in terms of necessity. Also, are reported the possible gaps, after applying international standards, that would mean complicity, costs, and consistency of information. 

  18. The Late Mediaeval Necropolis of Lăpuşna (Hânceşti County, Republic of Moldova. Preliminary Anthropological Results

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    Angela Simalcsik

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The osteological material was exhumed in 2013 by archaeologists from the Archaeology Department of the Cultural Heritage Institute of the Academy of Science of Moldova, in the mediaeval necropolis of Lăpuşna (Hânceşti County, Republic of Moldova. Thirty graves were fully or partially researched, the deceased having been buried lying on their backs, with the upper limbs placed on the chest or abdomen. Based on the funerary inventory (which includes six mediaeval coins, the graves were chronologically placed between the XVth and the XVIIth centuries. The cemetery belonged to a local Christian rural community. The preservation status of skeletons is satisfactory. Twenty-two human skeletons (seven males, ten females, and five children have been analyzed so far. Sex ratio in the osteological sample from Lăpuşna is subunitary, indicating a higher number of female skeletons, comparatively with the male ones. A quarter of the analysed subjects did not survive after adolescence. The maximum risk of mortality in this sample occurs during early childhood (0–7 years. 32% of deceases appear in the adultus category of age (20–30 years and 45%, respectively, in the matures one (30–60 years. Life expectancy at birth is of 30.7 years. For individuals older than 20 years, life expectancy after this age, calculated separately on sexes, was of 16 years in men and of 19 years in women. At cranial level eight nonmetric traits and only two pathologies were identified. Regarding dentition, seven nonmetric traits and six pathologies were reported. At postcranial level, 14 nonmetric traits were distinguished, most of them classified as occupational markers. The most frequent postcranial pathology is osteoarthritis; this disease is present in nine individuals. The subjects affected with osteoarthritis are mature persons. Traces of osteoarthritis appears especially in the spine, hip joint, lower limb (mainly femurs, upper limb (especially radiuses, and clavicle

  19. Barriers to universal health coverage in Republic of Moldova: a policy analysis of formal and informal out-of-pocket payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vian, Taryn; Feeley, Frank G; Domente, Silviu; Negruta, Ala; Matei, Andrei; Habicht, Jarno

    2015-08-11

    Universal Health Coverage seeks to assure that everyone can obtain the health services they need without financial hardship. Countries which rely heavily on out-of-pocket (OOP) payments, including informal payments (IP), to finance total health expenditures are not likely to achieve universal coverage. The Republic of Moldova is committed to promoting universal coverage, reducing inequities, and expanding financial protection. To achieve these goals, the country must reduce the proportion of total health expenditures paid by households. This study documents the extent of OOP payments and IP in Moldova, analyses trends over time, and identifies factors which may be driving these payments. The study includes analysis of household budget survey data and previous research and policy documents. The team also conducted a review of administrative law intended to control OOP payments and IPs. Focus groups, interviews, and a policy dialogue with key stakeholders were held to validate and discuss findings. OOP payments account for 45% of total health expenditures. Sixteen percent of outpatients and 30% of inpatients reporting that they made OOP payments when seeking care at a health facility in 2012, more than two-thirds of whom also reported paying for medicines at a pharmacy. Among those who paid anything, 36% of outpatients and 82% of inpatients reported paying informally, with the proportion increasing over time for inpatient care. Although many patients consider these payments to be gifts, around one-third of IPs appear to be forced, posing a threat to health care access. Patients perceive that payments are driven by the limited list of reimbursable medicines, a desire to receive better treatment, and fear or extortion. Providers suggested irrational prescribing and ordering of tests as drivers. Providers may believe that IPs are gifts and do not cause harm for patients and the health system in general. Efforts to expand financial protection should focus on reducing

  20. PERCEPŢII PRIVIND ANGAJAMENTUL DE ROL ŞI CONFLICTUL MUNCĂ-FAMILIE LA ANGAJAŢII DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: STUDIU EXPLORATIV

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    Carolina PLATON

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Unul dintre conflictele motivaţionale întâlnite frecvent în mediul organizaţional este „conflictul familie-muncă”. Conflictul, în acest caz, derivă din nevoia de a integra în mod optim solicitările legate de rolul familial cu cele ale rolului profesional. Studiile relevă că acest tip de conflict este o sursă considerabilă de distres atât pentru angajaţi, cât şi pentru organizaţie, afectează starea subiectivă de bine a angajaţilor şi se soldează cu stări emoţionale preponderent negative. Astfel, organizaţiile vor fi cu atât mai atractive pentru angajaţi, cu cât le oferă posibilităţi să integreze solicitările legate de locul de muncă şi cele din familie. Cum este perceput angajamentul de rol şi „conflictul familie-muncă” la angajaţii din Republica Moldova, precum şi felul în care interferează solicitările de roluri sunt aspecte pe care le vom discuta în acest context.PERCEPTIONS REGARDING ROLE COMMITMENT AND WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT OF THE EMPLOYEES FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: EXPLORATIVE STUDYOne of the motivational conflicts often encountered in the organizational environment is "family-work conflict." The conflict, in this case, derives from the need to integrate optimally family and work-related responsibilities. Studies show that this type of conflict is a source of considerable distress for both employees and the organization; it affects the subjective well-being of employees and results in predominantly negative emotions. Thus, organizations will be more attractive for workers if they can provide opportunities to integrate tasks related to work and family. We will discuss hereby how role commitments and "family-work conflicts" are perceived by employees in RM and the way these multiple roles interfere. 

  1. Strategii de PR în retorica electorala din Parlamentarele -2014, Republica Moldova vs „revoluția crizantemelor”, octombrie 2015 (PR strategies in the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections in 2014, Republic of Moldova vs „the chrysanthemums revolution”, october 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia PERU-BALAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author approaches the trends of the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections that were held on 30th of November. The article determines which are the most used campaign issues with a mobilizing effect on the voters; among these – the external path of the Republic of Moldova. During the last five years, the right and center-right wing parties have chosen the EU integration, the left-wing parties – the Eurasian Union. The contribution also analyzes the most relevant special events organized by the political parties’ staffs in order to create an image well covered by the media and favorable for the political actors.

  2. VAT-teater vaatab 30 aastat tulevikku / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2010-01-01

    VAT Teater toob S. Becketti "Krappi viimase lindi" lavale ebatavalisel moel. Festivalil "Draama 2010" Tartus toimub 8. septembril esimene avalik lindistus "...viimane lint / Saare esimene lint". Kontseptsioon: Tanel Saar ja Co. Esitus: Tanel Saar ja Hanna Allsaar. Näitejuhid-konsultandid: Rait Avestik ja Aare Toikka. "Krappi viimane lint" esietendub VAT Teatri ja Tanel Saare esituses 2040. a. sügisel. Festivali "Draama 2010" kavast

  3. Araabia poolsaarel kerkib tulevikku suunatud ökolinn / Lauri Leet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leet, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Araabia Ühendemiraatide pealinna lähedale planeeritakse maailma esimest saastevaba ökolinna. Autovabas linnas kavandatakse kogu energia ammutada vaid taastuvatest loodusvaradest. Lisa: Masdari linna säästev eluviis

  4. Mart Sander ei tea oma saate tulevikku / Heili Sibrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sibrits, Heili, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    Muusikasaatest "Tähed muusikas". Mart Sanderi juhitav MTÜ Bel-Etage suurprojektidest 2002. aasta maist augustini: Sir Arthur Sullivani koomilisest ooperist "Trial by Jury" ("Vandekohus") ja Lionel Moncktoni muusikalist "The Arcadians" ("Arkaadlased"). Sander juhib BBC Eurovisioni-eelset saadet eesti muusikast

  5. Romantiline ajareis olevikust tulevikku mineviku kaudu / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    26. veebruaril Eesti muusika päevade ja programmi "Tallinn - Euroopa kultuuripealinn 2011" raames Salme kultuurikeskuses toimunud Tatjana Kozlova autorikontserdist, kus kaasa tegid Annamaria Morini (flööt, Itaalia), Enzo Porta (viiul, Itaalia) ja ansambel Resonabilis

  6. THE EVALUATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP LEVEL BETWEEN HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGERS AND LINEAR MANAGERS REGARDING PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN THE ORGANIZATIONS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BÎRCĂ ALIC

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This scientific approach refers to the relationship between the managers of human resources and linear managers on personnel management within the organization. In this context it is shown the importance of cooperation between the human resources managers and the linear managers on achieving the organizational performance.It is shown the degree of involvement of both the division of human resources and the linear and functional managers and in solving the problems of employees, but also in the implementation of different methods and procedure for the human resources. Also, in the case of the line and the functional managers, is important awareness of the need for their involvement in the activities related to the human resources management. Also, there are shown the possible risks that might face the organization in the case of a mismanagement of human resources management from the linear managers. In order to assess the level of networking of human resources managers with the linear managers and the functional organisations of the Republic of Moldova has been applied the sociological method-questionnaire, being used Likert scale.

  7. EVALUAREA PROPRIETĂŢILOR DE SUPRAFAŢĂ ALE BENTONITULUI LĂRGUŢA (REPUBLICA MOLDOVA INTERCALAT CU OLIGOMERI DE ALUMINIU

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    Vasile RUSU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tratarea în prealabil a bentonitului Lărguţa cu soluţie diluată de acid (pH 2, în continuare fiind intercalat cu specii oligomerice de aluminiu, duce la modificarea proprietăţilor de suprafaţă ale adsorbanţilor intercalaţi – a acidităţii lor, a caracteristicilor sorbţional-structurale şi a stabilităţii termice. Cinetica conversiei acidului oleic la esterificarea cu alcool etilic este influenţată de caracterul acid al catalizatorilor utilizaţi. Modelările efectuate relevă că adsorbanţii intercalaţi, obţinuţi pe baza bentonitului Lărguţa, au perspective reale de a fi utilizaţi pentru obţinerea biocombustibilului din uleiuri vegetale.SURFACE PROPERTIES OF PILLARED BENTONITE LARGUTA (R. MOLDOVA PILLARED WITH ALUMINUM OLIGOMERIC SPECIESLarguta bentonite prior treatment with dilute acid (pH 2 further being pillared with aluminum oligomeric species, result in modification of the surface properties of the adsorbents - acidity, sorption-structural characteristics and thermal stability. The kinetics of the conversion of oleic acid to esterification with ethylic alcohol is influenced by the nature of the acid catalysts used. Pillared adsorbents obtained on the basis of bentonite Larguta (RM possess real prospects for obtaining bio-fuel from vegetable oils.

  8. THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRIFOOD SECTOR FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE FIELD OF ALIMENTARY PRODUCTS OF PLANT AND ANIMAL ORIGIN

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    Elena SCERBACOV

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Competitiveness is a category that expresses the economic, technical, scientific, production,managerial, organizational, marketing, etc. possibilities of an enterprise, branch, country's economy,which is focused on goods and services, both on the domestic markets and on external ones. This workaims to analyze the competitiveness of the agrifood sector of the Republic of Moldova through the prism oftrade with food products of vegetable and animal origin. In the investigation process there were usedmethods of analysis, synthesis and comparison, and the informational base constituted recent works fromthe field as well as statistical reports of the NBS. The obtained results show that the fruits and nuts,cereals, oilseeds and oleaginous fruits predominate in Moldovan export of food products of vegetableorigin. The reduction in the import of the food products of animal origin during the analyzed period isexplained by the fact that the livestock sector has suffered from droughts from the recent years and manyfarmers have had to sacrifice a part of cattle and poultry livestock.

  9. THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION – THE EXERCISE OF THE POWERS OF CONTROL AND MONITORING OF THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LEGISLATION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE MOLDOVA NOUA CASE

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    Adriana Deac

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the competencies that the EU Treaties confer to the European Commission is the control and supervision of the application of primary and secondary law and the enforcement of this legislation so it is observed by private persons, Member States and EU institutions2 . Further to an official communiqué in October 2014, the European Commission has announced that it sued Romania at the European Union Court of Justice concerning the failure to observe EU legislation on the treatment of extractive industry waste. Namely, it refers to the Moldova Noua case, in which toxic waste from the zinc and copper mines were discharged into the Bosneag pond. This paper means to present the regulations in the field of extractive industry, the competence of the European Commission regarding the enforcement of EU legislation and the ability to sue a Member State at the EU Court of Justice, when the entity exploiting the zinc and copper deposits is not the Romanian state, but a private law legal person.

  10. MORPHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF MUSIC FOR LISTENING IN THE REPERTOIRE OF THE FIDDLERS-VIOLONISTS FROM THE NORTHERN AREA OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    SLABARI NICOLAE

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article we intend to highlight some characteristic morphological features of the melodies for listening included in the repertoire of the fiddlers- violonists from the north of Moldova, referring, in particular, to the variety and trends of its evolution in the space of time from the second half of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries. By applying this information in the scientific circuit we will contribute to valorizing and completing the image of the fiddler phenomenon at present. The establishment of this repertoire was favored by some socio-political and cultural events of the 20th century, which generated mutation processes, such as globalization, academic schooling, improving the instruments, freedom of communication with musicians from outside the country. As a result, in the investigated space some species are gradually removed from circulation, and others that entered it, are still ongoing a process of crystallization and claim the right to exist. The fiddlers-violinists of the younger generation, tempted by the trendy, increasingly prefer them, being executed at various occasions.

  11. From discourse to practice: the circulation of norms, ideas and practices of migration management through the implementation of the mobility partnerships in Moldova and Georgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouillette, Martine

    2018-01-01

    This research wishes to contribute to the understanding of the migration policy regime of the European Union (EU), by considering an analytical perspective that privileges the standpoint of the countries of its neighbourhood. As an entry point, we have focused our analysis on the Mobility Partnership, a policy instrument of soft power, representative of the emblematic network governance privileged by the EU in its current political framework, the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM). Applying an "instrument approach", our research raises the question of the role played by the Mobility Partnership in the circulation of norms, ideas and practices related to the "good governance" of international migration, and whether these are internalized by the partner third countries. We present the results of a comparative analysis of two study-cases, Moldova and Georgia, countries considered by the European Commission as the "best pupils" in the implementation of their Mobility Partnerships, with the ambition to interrogate whether this instrument leads to a "common understanding" between the EU and the national actors that may lead to a translation of the European objectives in the field of migration into the registries of practices in the countries of the Eastern neighbourhood. Lastly, we will discuss the strategic "usage" of this instrument from the partner third countries, that can lead to different results, from complete absorption of the objectives, to resistance in their implementation.

  12. Stolniceni II – a new settlement with “ash lenses” discovered in the northern zone of the Republic of Moldova

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    Mariana Sîrbu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article publishes archaeological materials found on the surface of a settlement with the “ash lenses” of the Noua culture discovered during the investigation of the nearby large Cucuteni-Trypillia settlement by the village of Stolniceni in the Edinet District. The finds are represented both by characteristic pottery and by various crafts made of clay, stone, flint and horn, among which there is a fragment of the mold or part of the mace head. Along with the introduction of findings from the Stolniceni II site into scientific use, an attempt is made to illustrate its local and regional context by mapping the settlements of the Noua culture from the territory of Moldova and the subsequent GIS processing of data on their distribution. The use of some algorithms of spatial analysis made it possible to allocate about 20 clusters of sites, each of which includes 5-9 settlements and is located on an area of 25-70 sq. km. It seems that such a distribution of sites marks the presence of clearly delineated territorial entities that served as an arena for cyclical movements of specific cattle-breeding communities, and a consistent change in the grazing area.

  13. PERSPECTIVELE DEZVOLTĂRII DURABILE A ECOTURISMULUI ÎN REZERVAŢIA PEISAJERĂ „RUDI-ARIONEŞTI”, REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

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    Tatiana DUDNICENCO

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available În rezultatul studiilor realizate a fost elaborat un itinerar ecoturistic al rezervaţiei peisajere „Rudi-Arioneşti”, care este reprezentativ şi accesibil ecoturiştilor, şi anume: mănăstirea „Rudi”, cetăţuia romană „La trei cruci”, aşezarea medie­vală „Farfuria turcului”, peştera „Răposaţilor”, cetăţuia de origine tracică „La şanţuri”, „Valea Bradului”, „Izvorul Verde”. Au fost descrise principalele puncte de vizitare din cadrul itinerarului selectat. Au fost abordate problemele ecologice ale rezervaţiei peisajere „Rudi-Arioneşti” ce reprezintă una dintre destinaţiile de bază ale traseelor ecoturistice din raioa­nele Donduşeni şi Soroca, precum şi propuse soluţii de rezolvare a lor. THE PERSPECTIVES OF TOURISM SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE „RUDI-ARIONESTI” LANDSCAPE RESERVE, REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA In the results of these studies have been elaborated the ecotourism itinerary of „Rudi-Arionesti” landscape reserve, which are representative and accessible for ecotourists: „Rudi” monastery, „La trei cruci” Roman fortress, „Farfuria tur­cului” medieval settlement, „Raposatilor” cave, „La santuri” Thracian origin fortress, „Valea Bradului”, „Izvorul Verde”.It have been described the main points for visitation within the selected route. It have been emphasized the ecological problems of „Rudi-Arionesti” landscape reservation which represents one of the basic destinations of ecotourism routes from Donduseni and Soroca districts and have been proposed solutions of its solving. 

  14. ECONOMIC VALUE OF SOME LEGUMINOUS PLANT SPECIES OF THE COLLECTIONS FROM THE BOTANICAL GARDEN (INSTITUTE OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF MOLDOVA

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    Alexandru TELEUTA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of the evaluation of the growth and development rates, the seed productivity, the green mass yield, the biochemical composition and the content of amino acids, phosphorous and calcium, the nutritive and energy value of the forage, as well as the biomethane productivity of local ecotypes of the leguminous species maintained in monoculture, in the collection of the Botanical Garden (Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova (BG ASM: Astragalus ponticus, Coronilla varia, Lotus corniculatus, Medicago falcata, Onobrychis arenaria and Trifolium repens are presented in this article. Control variants – the traditional forage crops: Medicago sativa and Onobrychis viciifolia. The local ecotypes of the studied leguminous species were characterized by different growth and development rates. Coronilla varia and Lotus corniculatus, in the 2nd-3rd years, could be harvested, for the first time, 5 days earlier than Medicago sativa, but Medicago falcata and Onobrychis viciifolia – 18 days later. The green mass yield varied from 0.83 kg/m2 to 4.08 kg/m2. The studied ecotypes reached amounts of 0.60-0.89 nutritive units/kg and metabolizable energy 8.05-9.90 MJ/kg of dry matter, the content of digestible protein, of 106.28-225.09 g/nutritive unit, met the zootechnical standards; seed production: 19.12-83.00 g/m2; the biomethane yield ranged from 692 to 3197 m3/ha. Higher yield of natural forage, dry matter and biomethane was produced by Onobrychis arenaria and Coronilla varia.

  15. Dental enamel Hypoplasia. Investigations on the Bones Exhumed from the Medieval Necropole of Lozova (Republic of Moldova, XIVth–XVth Centuries

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    Robert Daniel Simalcsik

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Dental hypoplasia is a developmental anomaly based on perturbations of amelogenesis. Hypoplasia defects are part of the unspecific quantitative indicators for the state of health and / or nutritional state during the formation of the dental buds. It is a response of the human organism to physiological stress. The incidence of this dysplasia in a past population can indicate its biological frailty in its attempt to adapt to the environmental changes. The osteological material was excavated in the interval 2010 – 2011 by archaeologists from the Archaeology Centre in Chisinau, from the Medieval cemetery of Lozova (Straseni County, Republic of Moldova, dated for the XIVth and XVth centuries. Fifty one skeletons from 50 inhumation graves have been excavated and analyzed so far. Only 40 individuals had most of their teeth present. The enamel hypoplasia is of linear transversal type, located on the labial surface of the dental crowns, in the median third. The canine is the most affected tooth, followed by the incisors. The incidence of dental enamel hypoplasia at population level (based on the data collected and on the number of graves excavates so far, which does not illustrate the entire population of the cemetery is 7.5%. The incidence of dental caries is 23.53%, of cribra orbitalia – 11.75%, and of cribra cranii externa – 1.96%. The results obtained for a relatively small rural community illustrate a good adaptation to the stressing environmental factors. The possible malnutrition and illness episodes suffered during early childhood were recovered along the growth and development processes.

  16. WHITE-COLLAR CRIME’S FORECASTING AND REDUCTION BY MEANS OF PRE-EMPLOYMENT TESTING IN THE PENAL POLITICS OF THE STATE: EMPIRICAL FINDINGS FOR MOLDOVA AND ISRAEL

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    Jacob RUB

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present article is to elaborate a valid method of forecasting of the potential offender during the hiring process by means of pre-employment tests as an integral part of the process of prevention and counteracting of the phenomenon of white-collar criminality in the realm of Penal Politics of the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel. Namely, the „personality coefficient” of the potential offender, which, in the author’s opinion, will define better the likelihood of success in perpetrating a white-collar crime. As a result, a new methodology and tactics for the earlier reducing of white-collar criminality at workplace a new and original scale of pre-employment test valid for hiring process which will be justifiable not only from economical and sociological standpoint, but also from criminological point of view in the process of white-collar criminality reducing.Prognozarea şi reducerea criminalităţii gulerelor albe prin metoda testărilor pre-angajatoare în politica penală a statului: rezultatele empirice pentru Moldova şi IsraelScopul propus în acest articol constă în elaborarea unei metode valide pentru identificarea criminalilor potenţiali în procesul de angajare prin teste de pre-selecţie privite ca parte integrantă a procesului de prevenire şi combatere a fenomenului criminalităţii gulerelor albe în cadrul politicii penale a Republicii Moldova şi a Statului Israel. În special, este propus spre utilizare „coeficientul personalităţii” potenţialului infractor care, în opinia autorului, va defini mai precis probabilitatea săvârşirii crimei gulerelor albe. Prin urmare, este propusă şi argumentată o nouă metodologie şi tactică de reducere a criminalităţii gulerelor albe la locul de muncă, precum şi un model original de testare pre-angajare oportun din perspectivă economică, sociologică şi criminologică.

  17. UNELE ASPECTE PRIVIND ANALIZA JURIDICO-PENALĂ COMPARATIVĂ A INFRACŢIUNILOR INFORMATICE ÎN LEGEA PENALĂ A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA ŞI ÎN CEA A ROMÂNIEI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiu CRIJANOVSCHI

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Scopul propus în acest articol ştiinţific rezidă în soluţionarea unor aspecte discutabile legate de analiza juridico-penală a infracţiunilor săvârşite în domeniul informaticii. În el sunt elucidate anumite aspecte problematice, fiind înaintate soluţii relevante ale acestora şi formulate propuneri de lege ferenda cu scopul perfecţionării legislaţiei penale în vigoare. Pentru a atinge scopul trasat autorul a analizat doctrina din domeniul dreptului penal şi cibernetic, precum şi a efectuat analiza comparativă a legislaţiei penale interne a Republicii Moldova şi a celei a României, pe de o parte, a actelor inter­naţionale în sfera informaticii, pe de altă parte. Au fost aduse definiţii relevante ale infracţiunilor informatice. Autorul a clarificat natura unor termeni pur cibernetici, adaptându-i la realitatea juridică.some aspects concerning the comparative analysis of the cyber crimes in the criminal law of the republic of moldova and romania The main purpose of this scientific article consists in solving of some disputable aspects which are linked to the analysis of cyber crimes from the criminal law perspective. By means of this message there have been elucidated some questions which didn’t found the relevant solution before the research, as well as there have been formulated some proposals for reform in order to improve criminal legislation in force. In order to obtain this purpose the author has analyzed the domain of the Substantive Criminal law and cybernetics, as well as has performed the comparative research of the criminal law provisions from the Republic of Moldova and Romania, on the one side, and international acts in the cybernetics, on the other. There have been formulated several definitions suitable for cyber crimes. The author has clarified the nature of some cybernetic terms, they being adapted to the juridical reality.

  18. Evaluarea şi conservarea efectivelor de vidră (Lutra lutra L.: un studiu de caz în aria naturală protejată ”Moldova superioară” [Assessment and conservation of otter (Lutra lutra L. populations: A case study in natural protected area ”Moldova superioară”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dănilă Gabriel

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the international legislation, the otter is a protected species. The main purpose of this paper is the analysis of the otter population in a protected area from north of Romania, the estimation of populations and the quantification of existent and potential threats, together with conservation measures. The research was conducted in the natural area ”Superior Moldova” (north of Romanian Eastern Carpathians, between Câmpulung Moldovenesc and Breaza localities, in March and June 2014. To assess the otter population, the track analysis and registration methods were used. Both of the Moldova river banks were checked up and in certain parts, and the presence of the otter was recorded. The den places were registered with GPS coordinates. There were identified three zones where the otters lived within an area of 5-7 km, with a nucleus of intense activity of 2-4 km. The presence of 2-3 otter families, respectively 2-3 adults and 4-6 youngsters was confirmed. These results corespond to a density of about 0.6 individuals/km2 or 1.6 individuals reported to approximately 10 km water course length. The data collected are comparable to that obtained in other areas in Romania. We conclude that the monitoring can be done by track analysis/registration method or by direct observation if the conditions allow it. For the otter population conservation, an important step is the human being awareness, the checking of the aquaculture farm owners and the strict application of the legislation.

  19. National legislative and regulatory activities: Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Sweden, Ukraine, United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2012-01-01

    (Changes to site evaluation reports); Nuclear safety and radiation protection (Amendments to various laws relating to nuclear safety, Revised requirements relating to modifications of nuclear installations, New safety reporting requirements, New requirements relating to releases of radionuclides, New conditions for removal of items from regulatory control, New radiation protection requirements, New inspection procedure requirements, New procedure for compliance enforcement); Nuclear security (Establishment of a design basis threat review process). Moldova: General legislation (Co-operation with the International Atomic Energy Agency). Poland: General legislation (Amendments to the Atomic Law Act); Liability and compensation (New requirements for civil liability insurance); Organisation and structure (New advisory council established); Nuclear safety and radiation protection (New requirements for employees working at nuclear power plants). Portugal: General legislation (Integration of the Nuclear Technological Institute into the Technical University of Lisbon); Nuclear safety and radiation protection (Creation of the Regulatory Commission for the Safety of Nuclear Facilities). Romania: Environmental protection (Changes to fuel production regulations). Slovenia: Nuclear safety and radiation protection (New rules governing worker qualification); Sweden: Nuclear safety and radiation protection (New regulation on clearance from regulation). Ukraine: General legislation (New requirements relating to the purchase of fuel elements); Nuclear safety and radiation protection (New plans for a comprehensive safety upgrade, New community outreach requirements, New transparency and information availability requirements); Nuclear security (Changes to the state-level physical protection regime); Radioactive waste management (New centralised repository planned) United States: Radioactive waste management (Status of the high-level waste repository programme, Issuance of the Final Report of

  20. Materials related to the elite of the nobility of Bessarabia – the families of Cantacuzin and Krupensky in the collections of the National Museum of the History of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Serjant

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the museum is to collect and store various objects. It gives the evidences of the past the possibility of "surviving” to the present day. At the same time, the museum should present these materials to the attention of the public, showing the origins of civilization, life in all its complexity, thereby helping the visitor to better understand the world with its secrets. Considering the role of the museum heritage in the development of society, we carried out a study of the collections of the National Museum of the History of Moldova related to the history of the Bessarabian noble families. The Cantacuzins and the Krupensky are two families, belonging to the elite of the nobility and having a centuries-old history. In our study we are considering the Bessarabian branch of these families. From 1991 to 2005 the National Museum of History of Moldova accepted as a gift and purchased important materials reflecting the history of the Cantacuzin family. These materials were collected by Irina Cantacuzin, the wife of the last descendant of the Bessarabian Cantacuzins, Pavel (1902-1992. Of particular value is the collection of documents and photographs of the family of Pavel Cantacuzin, collected and transferred to the museum by A. Krakan in 1993. It consists of about 50 units, among which 36 are originals and copies of photographs relating to the period from the 19th century to 1990. It is this collection that contains a number of photographs with representatives of the family of Krupensky, who were related to the Cantacuzins. In 2001, the NMHM received another collection of documents, photographs and other materials related to the Bessarabian Prince Pavel Cantacuzin. It reflects his life and activities during the period of imprisonment and after rehabilitation. The museum collections hold several things and household items belonging to these families. Museum collections are a valuable historical source. Their research and use in exhibitions

  1. O colecţie de desene şi litografii antireligioase din patrimoniul Muzeului Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei / Collection of anti-religious drawings and lithographs from the National Museum of History of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Stăvilă

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available National Museum of History of Moldova possesses a collection of anti-religious drawings and lithographs in an amount of 52 units. Of these, 24 lithographs relate to the series "Commandments and Symbols" (by B. Shirokorad, 11 drawings to the series "God on Earth", another 15 drawings touch different anti-religious topics (author A. Grabco. Graphic works of this collection, which is part of the anti-religious campaign, are characterized by mordant sense, bright colors, simple and catchy slogans denigrating and deriding everything that expressed religious beliefs. Using expressive art images along with the severity of the laws, the Communists hoped to convince the masses that religion is nothing more than "a manifestation of the decadence of capitalism", a consequence of the retrograde, the counter-revolutionary thinking an unforgivable crime in the Soviet Union. These works reflect only some of the methods from the rich arsenal used by the Soviet authorities in the fight against the Moldavian Orthodox Church.

  2. What is the quality of the maternal near-miss case reviews in WHO European Region? Cross-sectional study in Armenia, Georgia, Latvia, Republic of Moldova and Uzbekistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacci, Alberta; Hodorogea, Stelian; Khachatryan, Henrik; Babojonova, Shohida; Irsa, Signe; Jansone, Maira; Dondiuc, Iurie; Matarazde, George; Lazdane, Gunta; Lazzerini, Marzia

    2018-01-01

    Objectives The maternal near-miss case review (NMCR) cycle is a type of clinical audit aiming at improving quality of maternal healthcare by discussing near-miss cases. In several countries this approach has been introduced and supported by WHO and partners since 2004, but information on the quality of its implementation is missing. This study aimed at evaluating the quality of the NMCR implementation in selected countries within WHO European Region. Design Cross-sectional study. Settings Twenty-three maternity units in Armenia, Georgia, Latvia, Moldova and Uzbekistan. Assessment tools A predefined checklist including 50 items, according to WHO methodology. Quality in the NMCR implementation was defined by summary scores ranging from 0 (totally inappropriate) to 3 (appropriate). Results Quality of the NMCR implementation was heterogeneous among different countries, and within the same country. Overall, the first part of the audit cycle (from case identification to case analysis) was fairly well performed (mean score 2.00, 95% CI 1.94 to 2.06), with the exception of the ‘inclusion of users’ views’ (mean score 0.66, 95% CI 0.11 to 1.22), while the second part (developing recommendations, implementing them and ensuring quality) was poorly performed (mean score 0.66, 95% CI 0.11 to 1.22). Each country had at least one champion facility, where quality of the NMCR cycle was acceptable. Quality of the implementation was not associated with its duration. Gaps in implementation were of technical, organisational and attitudinal nature. Conclusions Ensuring quality in the NMCR may be difficult but achievable. The high heterogeneity in results within the same country suggests that quality of the NMCR implementation depends, to a large extent, from hospital factors, including staff’s commitment, managerial support and local coordination. Efforts should be put in preventing and mitigating common barriers that hamper successful NMCR implementation. PMID:29654004

  3. ROLUL NEGUSTORILOR ALOGENI ÎN PROCESUL DE CONSTITUIRE A BURGHEZIEI COMERCIALE DIN PRINCIPATUL MOLDOVA (sfârşitul sec. al XVIII-lea – începutul sec. al XIX-lea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina CEREŞ

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available În articol este a investigat rolul comercianţilor străini în crearea burgheziei comerciale în Principatul Moldova (de la sfârşitul secolului al XVIII – începutul secolului al XIX-lea. La sfârşitul secolul al XVIII-lea – începutul secolului al XIX-lea burghezia comercială a Principatului Moldova a fost o categorie ce se afla într-o stare de formare. Astfel, se poate considera că negustorii străini au fost un element im-portant în formarea lentă a burgheziei din zona carpatică. Negustorii străini stabiliţi în Moldova s-au dovedit a fi un factor de progres în ceea ce priveşte evoluţia economiei locale, au contribuit la diversificarea activităţilor economice, la dezvoltarea comerţului interior şi exterior, precum şi la consolidarea rolului burgheziei în formarea categoriilor profesionale productive şi dinamice – de meşteşugari şi meseriaşi.LE RÔLE DES MARCHANDS ALLOGÉNIQUES DANS LE PROCESSUS DE FORMATION DE LA BOURGEOISIE COMMERCIALE DE LA PRINCIPAUTÉ DE MOLDAVIE (À LA FIN DU XVIIIÈME SIÈCLE – DÉBUT DU XIX ÈME SIÈCLE  La Bourgeoisie commerciale de la Principauté de Moldavie existante à la fin du XVIIIème siècle – début du XIXème siècle constitue une catégorie sociale en phase embryonnaire. Ses représentants sont généralement des éléments allogènes, avec peu d’autochtones. On sait qu’en effet toute bourgeoisie a commencé son développement à l’aide des étrangers. La séparation de ceux-ci s’est produite uniquement après une certaine période de temps, après avoir fait leur éducation économique dans le pays d’origine. On rencontre le même processus au cas des Principautés Roumains. Les commerçants étrangers ont constitué l’un des éléments les plus importants dans le processus lent de cristallisation de la bourgeoisie autochtone. Par leurs activités commerciales et par leurs propres intérêts ils on contribué à faire évoluer les activités de commerce de

  4. Report on the behalf of the Commission for Foreign Affairs, Defence and Armed Forces on the bill project authorizing the ratification of the association agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their member States, on the one hand, and the Republic of Moldova, on the other hand (accelerated procedure) - Nr 283. Bill project - Nr 198. Law nr 2015-472 of the 27 April 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Durrieu, Josette; Valls, Manuel; Fabius, Laurent; Hollande, Francois

    2015-01-01

    In its first part, this report presents Moldova as a State marked by the influence of powerful neighbours: a young State marked by a conflict since its birth, a Moldovan identity with several minorities, a fragile economy. It describes the rapprochement process with the European Union (within the frame of a re-balancing of East-West relationships, and with a confirmed European orientation). It outlines the privileged relationships with France (France is one of the main investors). The second part discusses the association agreement as a new chapter of the relationships between the EU and Moldova. This agreement is presented as a result of a long rapprochement process, and is discussed as an agreement of political association and economic integration including cooperation aspects and deep and comprehensive free trade, and also as a strengthened framework for dialogue. The expected effects for the EU as well as for Moldova are reviewed. A sheet of data and facts and maps are provided in appendix. The rest of this huge document reports the Commission's discussion, the motivations for this agreement, the report of the impact study, the large text of the agreement, and the text of the bill project authorizing the ratification of the agreement

  5. Aids ähvardab Venemaa, Hiina ja India tulevikku / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2002-01-01

    Ameerika analüütik Nicholas Eberstadt prognoosib, et Hiina, India ja Venemaa võivad järgmise veerandsaja jooksul seista silmitsi suurema arvu HIV-i nakatanute ja aidsi surnutega kui kogu maailm seni tervikuna

  6. Villu Reiljani 5 tulevikku / Villy Paimets, Lemmi Kann, Ralf-Martin Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paimets, Villy, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Äripäev palus ärimeestel ja poliitikutel kommenteerida viit võimalust, mis võib ees oodata keskkonnaministri kohalt tagasi astunud Villu Reiljani. Arvamust avaldavad: Janno Reiljan, Andrus Saar, Jaanus Männik, Tõnis Lukas, Ivari Padar, Urmas Sõõrumaa, Urmas Reinsalu, Ain Seppik, Oliver Kruuda ja Jüri Käo. Vt. samas: Õnnelik Reiljan

  7. Ettevõtjad planeerivad tulevikku talupojamõistusega. Pankadega parem klapp / Birjo Must

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Must, Birjo

    2011-01-01

    KPMG uuringust selgub, et Eesti ettevõtjad ja juhid on tuleviku suhtes positiivselt meelestatud, aastaga on ettevõtjate suhtumine pankadesse muutunud positiivsemaks, 62% vastanutest arvab, et Eesti on atraktiivne välisinvestorite seas

  8. Minevikku ja tulevikku võivad tajuda ka loomad / Tiit Kändler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kändler, Tiit, 1948-

    2008-01-01

    Loomade käitumise uurijad on hakanud arvama, et mõned loomad mäletavad minevikku ja arvestavad tulevikuga. Mälu-uurija Endel Tulving arvab aga, et loomadel ei ole eneseteadvust vajavat episoodilist mälu

  9. Jagades tulevikku? : uue meedia ja fotohariduse konverents Tartu Kõrgemas Kunstikoolis / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2002-01-01

    19. ja 20. IV toimunud konverents "Sharing the Future" oli pühendatud foto ja uue meedia hariduse küsimustele endises Ida-Euroopas. Eestist esinesid Ants Juske ja konverentsi korraldanud Peeter Linnap ning Raivo Kelomees. Briti haridussüsteemist rääkisid Robin Dance ja Paul Rodgers

  10. Vaade lähiminevikku ja pilguheit tulevikku / Evelyn Müürsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müürsepp, Evelyn

    2010-01-01

    Mooste Kunsti- ja Sotsiaalpraktika Keskuse tegevusest. Loetletud 2009. a. Moostes töötanud 16 kunstnikku. Ana Carvalho (Portugal), Jez Riley Frenchi (Inglismaa), Matt Marble'i ja Emma Lippi (USA), Susanne Kudielka ja Kaspar Wimberley (Saksamaa/Inglismaa) ning Kanako Sasaki (Jaapan) töödest

  11. Treff piilus tudengite tööde kaudu tulevikku / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2009-01-01

    Nukuteatrifestivalist Tallinn Treff, kus näitasid oma töid Turu Kunstiakadeemia nukuteatri osakonna teise kursuse tudengid - Rene Bakeri lavastatud eepostel "Kalevala" ja "Kalevipoeg põhinev "Mieliteko" ning Federico Fellini filmist "Tee" inspireeritud "Tsirkus Gelsomina"- ja Ernst Buschi nim. Berliini Lavakunstikooli nukuteatritudengid - "Inspektor tuleb" J. B. Priestley draama järgi. Auhinna saajaks oli Von Krahli egiidi all valminud lavakunstikooli diplomilavastus "Kummitus masinas", lavastaja Mart Koldits

  12. Ameerika endised riigisekretärid heitsid pilgu tulevikku / Urmas Kiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiil, Urmas

    2008-01-01

    Viis endist USA riigisekretäri - Henry Kissinger, James Baker, Madeleine Albright, Warren Christopher ja Colin Powell - andsid nõu tulevasele riigi presidendile, kuidas ta peaks suhtlema Venemaaga, kuidas tuleks lahendada Iraani tuumaprogrammi küsimus ja kuidas oleks võimalik taastada Ameerika prestiizhi maailmas. Vt. samas: Henry Alfred Kissinger, Madeleine Korbel Albright, Warren Minor Chistopher, Colin Luther Powell ja James Addison Baker

  13. Lõvi seljas tulevikku = Riding the lion into the future / Vappu Thurlow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thurlow, Vappu, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    1980-ndad olid suurejooneliste ülevaatenäituste ja eestikeelse teoretiseeriva kunstiarvustuse hiigleajaks. Neid analüüsides selgub, milline see intellektualiseerunud eesti graafika nüüd, 23 aastat hiljem, tundub olevat ja miks kriitika kohati agressiivne hoiak paljudele vahetutele loojanatuuridele mõistamatuks jäi

  14. NEB view of development potential and markets for heavy crude oil. [Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scotland, W A; Gutek, A M.H.

    1977-01-01

    The phased reduction in total crude oil and equivalent exports, from 911 Mpbd in 1974 to 465 Mbpd in 1976, has no doubt had a disruptive effect on the rate of development of heavy crude oil reserves. The effect could have become more series as total exports continued to drop. However, the separate licensing of heavy crude oil for export will allow heavy crude oil to enter available markets until the early 1980s. The construction of one or several upgrading facilities by the early 1980s, combined with growing domestic requirements for heavy crude oil feedstock, could make the disposition of heavy oil largely independent of the purchasing patterns of export markets. The prospect of increased market stability combined with increasing cash flows should provide an appropriate environment to optimize the role that heavy oil resources can play in Canada's future energy balance. (12 refs.)

  15. A systematic catalogue of butterflies of the former Soviet Union (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lituania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) with special account to their type specimens (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korb, Stanislav K; Bolshakov, Lavr V

    2016-09-01

    A catalogue of butterflies of Russia and adjacent countries is given, with special account to the name-bearing types depository. This catalogue contains data about 86 species (3 of them are questionable) of Hesperiidae (22 genera); 47 species of Papilionidae (14 genera); 89 species of Pieridae (5 of them are questionable)  (15 genera); 1 species (1 genus) of Libytheinae(dae); 2 species of Danainae(dae) (2 genera); 160 species of Nymphalinae(dae) (1 of them is questionable) (23 genera); 259 species of Satyrinae(dae) (14 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Oeneis and Pseudochazara) (34 genera); 3 species of Riodinidae (2 genera); 318 species of Lycaenidae (11 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Neolycaena and Plebeius) (57 genera). In total: 965 species of butterflies, 174 genera, by countries: Armenia-244, Azerbaijan-225, Belarus-107, Estonia-113, Georgia-211, Kyrgyzstan-316, Kazakhstan-344, Latvia-115, Lituania-126, Moldova-87, Russia-522, Tajikistan-295, Turkmenistan-159, Ukraine-192, Uzbekistan-241. Detailed distribution and subspecific structure (if present) for every species is provided. Lectotypes of the following species-group taxa are designated: Hesperia poggei Lederer, 1858, Parnassius felderi Bremer, 1861, P. eversmanni Eversmann, 1851, P. boedromius Püngeler, 1901, Limenitis moltrechti Kardakov, 1928, L. sydyi Kindermann, 1853, L. amphyssa Ménétriès, 1859, L. doerriesi Staudinger, 1892, L. helmanni duplicata Staudinger, 1892, L. homeyeri Tancré, 1881, Argynnis penelope Staudinger, 1891, A. thore borealis Staudinger, 1861, Vanessa io geisha Stichel, [1908], Melitaea maturna staudingeri Wnukowsky, 1929 (=uralensis Staudinger, 1871), M. didymina Staudinger, 1895, Papilio fascelis Esper, 1783, Thecla quercivora Staudinger, 1887, Lycaena orion var. ornata Staudinger, 1892. The following nomenclatural acts are established: Neolycaena submontana baitenovi (Zhdanko, 2011), comb. et stat.n. The following new synonymy is provided: Hesperia

  16. Towards Conservation Agriculture systems in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Boincean

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available As the world population and food production demands rise, keeping agricultural soils and landscapes healthy and productive are of paramount importance to sustaining local and global food security and the flow of ecosystem services to society. The global population, expected to reach 9.7 billion people by 2050, will put additional pressure on the available land area and resources for agricultural production. Sustainable production intensification for food security is a major challenge to both industrialized and developing countries. The paper focuses on the results from long-term multi-factorial experiments involving tillage practices, crop rotations and fertilization to study the interactions amongst the treatments in the context of sustainable production intensification. The paper discusses the results in relation to reported performance of crops and soil quality in Conservation Agriculture systems that are based on no or minimum soil disturbance (no-till seeding and weeding, maintenance of soil mulch cover with crop biomass and cover crops, and diversified cropping s involving annuals and perennials. Conservation Agriculture also emphasizes the necessity of an agro-ecosystems approach to the management of agricultural land for sustainable production intensification, as well as to the site-specificity of agricultural production. Arguments in favor of avoiding the use of soil tillage are discussed together with agro-ecological principles for sustainable intensification of agriculture. More interdisciplinary systems research is required to support the transformation of agriculture from the conventional tillage agriculture to a more sustainable agriculture based on the principles and practices of Conservation Agriculture, along with other complementary practices of integrated crop, nutrient, water, pest, energy and farm power management.

  17. Moldova - Transition to High-Value Agriculture

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The THVA evaluation will rely on two complementary evaluation components. The first is an impact evaluation, which focuses on evaluating the effectiveness of the...

  18. Из истории фортификации и картографирования Бессарабии и Молдовы: работы Ф. Кауффера 1793-1797-х годов / From the history of fortification and mapping of Bessarabia and Moldova: F. Kauffer's works in 1793-1797

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igori Sapozhnikov

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the French cartographer and fortifier François Kauffer (1751-1801, who for the last 9 years of his life served the Ottoman Porte, but at the same time was an agent of the Russian Empire. Particular attention is given to his work in the territory of Bessarabia and Moldova, where he took part in strengthening the fortresses of Akkerman, Bender, Izmail, Kiliya, and Khotyn (in 1793-1797. The paper includes documents and lists of his manuscript maps and plans, which are stored in the Military Historical Archive (Russian Federation, Moscow.

  19. Siim Kallas näeb tulevikku ilma hiiglaslike büroohooneteta / Siim Kallas ; interv. Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Siim, 1948-

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni asepresident külastas USA läänerannikul Silicon Valley tehnoloogiafirmasid ja vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad seal pakutavaid uusi tehnoloogilisi lahendusi, võrdlust Euroopa infotehnoloogia innovatsioonidega, Eesti esindaja saatmist Silicon Valleysse. Lisa: Silicon Valley

  20. President Ilves : Eesti ja maailma kõrgtehnoloogia firmade koostööl on tulevikku / Kaidi Aher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aher, Kaidi

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese külaskäigust teadus- ja kõrgtehnoloogia keskusesse Silicon Valley'sse ning kohtumisest Stanfordi Ülikooli rektori John L. Hennessy'ga. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 9.-16.06.2009

  1. Shelli Sahhalini-projekt näitab naftatööstuse pelutavat tulevikku / Thomas Catan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Catan, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Sahhalini saarel viiakse Royal Dutch Shelli juhtimisel ellu maailma suurimaid nafta ja maagaasi koosarendusprojekte, Aasia riigid hakkavad Sahhalinilt saama 150 000 barrelit naftat päevas ja 9,6 mln tonni vedelat maagaasi aastas. Projekti kulud on võrreldes esialgse eelarvega kahekordistunud. Sahhalini keskkonna pärast tunnevad muret keskkonnakaitsjad kogu maailmas. Lisa: Sahhalin asub suurte energiatarbijate keskel

  2. Variants in Nebulin (NEB) Are Linked to the Development of Familial Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma in Basset Hounds

    OpenAIRE

    Ahram, D.F.; Grozdanic, S.D.; Kecova, H.; Henkes, A.; Collin, R.W.J.; Kuehn, M.H.

    2015-01-01

    Several dog breeds are susceptible to developing primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), which suggests a genetic basis for the disease. We have identified a four-generation Basset Hound pedigree with characteristic autosomal recessive PACG that closely recapitulates PACG in humans. Our aim is to utilize gene mapping and whole exome sequencing approaches to identify PACG-causing sequence variants in the Basset. Extensive clinical phenotyping of all pedigree members was conducted. SNP-chip geno...

  3. Variants in Nebulin (NEB) Are Linked to the Development of Familial Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma in Basset Hounds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ahram, D.F.; Grozdanic, S.D.; Kecova, H.; Henkes, A.; Collin, R.W.J.; Kuehn, M.H.

    2015-01-01

    Several dog breeds are susceptible to developing primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), which suggests a genetic basis for the disease. We have identified a four-generation Basset Hound pedigree with characteristic autosomal recessive PACG that closely recapitulates PACG in humans. Our aim is to

  4. 5. conference of the physicists of Moldova. Abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-10-01

    This book includes abstracts on various aspects of: materials processing and characterization, crystal growth methods, solid-state and crystal technology, development of condensed matter theory and modeling of materials properties, solid-state device physics, nano science and nano technology, heterostructures, superlattices, quantum wells and wires, advanced quantum physics for nano systems, etc.

  5. 5. conference of the physicists of Moldova. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-10-15

    This book includes abstracts on various aspects of: materials processing and characterization, crystal growth methods, solid-state and crystal technology, development of condensed matter theory and modeling of materials properties, solid-state device physics, nano science and nano technology, heterostructures, superlattices, quantum wells and wires, advanced quantum physics for nano systems, etc.

  6. European values crisis among youth in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela SPÎNU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, in the context of contemporary political, economic and socio-cultural processes, European values lose their focus and depth, relevance and dominance being ignored or forgotten. The perception of the traditional values by the contemporary society is changing generating a profound spiritual crisis. It is obvious that a revival of the spiritual life would occur if education reverted to the traditional Romanian and European values. This could combat individualism and materialism, would form an intellectual elite and Christian values would be shared.

  7. Moldova Quo Vadis: Neutrality and European Integration? Problems of Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    refer to their sovereign for protection against foreign threats, is anarchic.11 Subsequent realists, debating against the supporters of Kantian and...UN authority in security matters, and Austria’s contribution of troops within the EU under a UN mandate would be considered entirely ethical ...political and economic interdependence, ambiguity is the only realistic way of joining self-interest to ethical principle.” See Bill McSweeney, “The

  8. Organ economy: organ trafficking in Moldova and Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundin, Susanne

    2012-02-01

    Organ trafficking is an illegal means of meeting the shortage of transplants. The activity flourishes for several interacting reasons, such as medical needs, poverty and criminality. Other factors are fundamental conceptual structures such as the dream of the regenerative body as well as the view of the body as an object of utility and an object of value. The article aims to go behind the normative discussions that usually surround organ trafficking. Why this is happening, and what the societal consequences are, is examined through ethnographic fieldwork. The focus is on the shadow economies that govern existence and in which people, goods, weapons, money, bodies, etc. constitute components of the global market.

  9. BANKING SYSTEM FRAGILITY: CASE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina CLICHICI

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper studied the determinants of Moldovan banking system fragility. It underlines the existing researches into the empirical determinants of banking fragility. The analysis revealed that there are numerous channels through which weaknesses within the macroeconomic conditions and structural characteristics might increase banking system fragility. The main macroeconomic determinants which may have an impact on Moldovan banking system fragility are: excessive domestic liquidity, pro-cyclical character of the banking system, dependence on remittances, financial dollarization. There are also several banking characteristics which play a role for Moldovan banking system fragility: the undermined intermediation function, high level of bad loans, uncertainties in the ownership structure, low presence of foreign strategic investors. The paper employed a quantitative, a qualitative and a comparative analysis using the financial soundness and structural indicators of the Moldovan banking system in order to assess the impact of various determinants on Moldovan banking system fragility. The results reveal a high degree of capitalization and liquidity of Moldovan banking system, factors which contribute and maintain the general stability of the entire financial system.

  10. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TAX EVASION BETWEEN MOLDOVA AND ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OANA-CARMEN RĂVAŞ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tax evasion is actually failure by the taxpayer, tax liabilities. And the negative effects of this are felt directly on the level of tax revenue receipts, causing major distortions in the functioning of the market mechanism. It is believed that the first cause of fraud is itself impossible, fairer tax system in which develops based on the principle of declaring taxpayer benefiting from a presumption of honesty and that is a temptation to hide.

  11. Radioecological monitoring of the environment in the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coretchi, Liubov; Cornescu, A.; Coretchi, Lilia; Chiruta, Iu.

    2009-01-01

    Fundamental criteria of radiation protection, which are required today as a result of various practical applications of nuclear energy, obliges us to carefully analyze environmental issues as a result of the presence of radioactive isotopes into the environment. This is due to the fact that the study of correlated environmental contamination and transmission vectors of radionuclide to humans is a primary means to protect public health. Basic principles that should be considered within the meaning of those already mentioned the processes of knowledge transfer and concentration of radionuclide in the ecosystems in the study taken in medicinal plants, construction materials, food and drinking water. The results regarding quantification of natural and artificial radionuclide activity into environmental factors, food products and construction material are presented in this paper. It was demonstrated that the activity of investigated radionuclide do not essentially exceeded the maximal admissible values indicated in Fundamental Norms of Radiation protection. (authors)

  12. Üleaedsed vaevad Ärma talus Euroopa koostööd ja tulevikku / Marko Suurmägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurmägi, Marko, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kutsel tulid Ärma tallu kahepäevasele visiidile Läti president Valdis Zatlers ja proua Lilita Zatlere. Riigipeade kohtumise peateemad on Euroopa Liidu tulevik ja Balti riikide koostöö, erakorralise teemana kerkis üles Birma olukord seoses hiigeltormi tagajärgedega. Juuresoleval fotol istutavad presidendid puu Ärma talu Euroopa parki

  13. Історичні етапи впровадження обов'язкового медичного страхування в республіці Молдова / The history of the mandatory medical insurance implementation in republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Єцко Констянтин

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ецко К., Буга М., Дамашкан В. Історичні етапи впровадження обов'язкового медичного страхування в республіці Молдова Модель обов'язкового медичного страхування, впроваджена в Республіці Молдова, містить загальні елементи, характерні для систем соціального страхування в охороні здоров'я інших країн, особливо європейських, і базується на таких основних принципах, як солідарність, справедливість, універсальний доступ до послуг охорони здоров'я.Ключові слова: здоров’я, обов’язкове медичне страхування, республіка Молдова, охорона здоров’я.Yetsko K., Buga M., Damashkan G. THE HISTORY OF THE MANDATORY MEDICAL INSUARANCE IMPLEMENTATION IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA The beginning of the 2000s was characterized by a high proportion of the hospital sector costs (75 – 80%, high level of patients hospitalization (200 – 210 patients per 1000 population, shortage of primary care physiccians trained in family medicineand extensive involvement of specialists for con- sultative assistance in the primary sector (30%. An important stage in the health care reform was the adoption in 1998 of the “mandatory medical insurance” law, and in 2004 the be- ginning of mandatory health insurance (MHI. In result there was achieved a significant increase in health financing (from 937,5 mil. lei in 2004 to 4226,1 mil. lei in 2013; the creation of the single centralized fund, allowing the redistribution of risks; the change in the medical institutions status and their funding based on the contract; the approval of a Single Package

  14. Toomas Hendrik Ilvese nägemus presidendi esmastest ülesannetest / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Toomas Hendrik Ilvese põhimõtted, millest lähtuks tema tegevus presidendiks saades. Kommenteerib Rahvaliidu esimees Villu Reiljan. Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 16. sept. 2006, lk. 2,2; Äripäev 18. sept. 2006, lk. 35, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Pärnu Postimees, Hiiu Leht, Sakala 19. sept. 2006, lk. 15,4,2, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Koit 19. sept. 2006, lk. 6, pealk.: Vaade on suunatud tulevikku; Meie Maa 20. sept. 2006, lk. 2, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Vesti Nedeli Den za Dnjom 22. sept. 2006, lk. 20. Ajal. Koit kommenteerib Rahvaliidu teabejuht Agu Uudelepp

  15. Акинаки на западных рубежах Скифии. Находки скифских мечей и кинжалов с территории Республики Молдова / Akinakai on the western frontiers of Scythia. Scythian swords and daggers from the territory of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Topal

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Papers devoted to the typology of certain categories of the material culture need the close cooperation with the local schemes. A change of researching “optics” is likely to have a positive effect on the process of studying the general trends in the material, if this process of research is closely linked with the base of any typological constructions – with the spatial and chronological relations analysis. Besides the publication of new stray finds and partial republication of already known finds from the burial complexes, the main goal of this work is the checking of certain typological tendencies of such category of Scythian culture as akinakai (Scythian swords and daggers of the Carpathian-Dniester region. A geographical division of Carpathian-Dniester region is proposed: Middle Dniester (Bukovinian group, Eastern Carpathian (Neamţ group, Siret-Dniester (Moldavian group, Lower Dniester and Lower Danube groups. Chronologically, the massive of akinakai of Carpathian-Dniester region could be divided into three groups: Early Scythian (650-550 BC, Middle Scythian (550-450 BC and Classic Scythian (450-300 BC. The following trends connected with Scythian swords and daggers were noticed: Early Scythian burials with akinakai concentrate in Bukovina and stray finds in Moldova, Middle Scythian burials – are grouping in Moldavian and the stray finds – in Neamţ group, and the Classical Scythian burials with akinakai are presented only in Lower Dnister and Lower Danube groups.

  16. Individual doses' register of occupationally exposed persons in the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hustuc, A.; Chiruta, Iu.

    2009-01-01

    The storage and processing of the data acquired through different monitoring techniques are of vital importance for controlling the individual doses of the occupationally exposed workers facilitating the determination of exposure pathway and furthering the policy of radiological protection. The use of the data bases for the evidence of the individual doses of the occupationally exposed workers to the ionizing radiation is useful in studies of risks and potential exposure, and in future epidemiological studies. (authors)

  17. Within the media earshot: national ideas in the Republic of Moldova prior to the 2016 election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onoriu COLĂCEL

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available A decade-old war of words is raging in the Moldovan media, amid renewed calls for the country to denounce the association agreement with the EU. Igor Dodon’s win in the runoff of the presidential election on 13 November 2016 fuelled the dispute about whether the country should remain on its European course or not. As always, propaganda wars and the ethnic background of those involved in the debate never fail to capture the imagination of foreign media. However, local audiences make choices that fall outside the modes of expression perceived as being popular with the major players in the information market of the RM: the Russian Federation, Romania, the Chisinau elites and the EU. The media-related communication of the Moldovans shows that their beliefs about nationalism are not necessarily shaped by the reception of Romanian or Russian-language media. Instead, their responses to media exposure point to poor national mobilisation.

  18. SPECIAL FEATURES THE FEEDING OF YOUNG OSTRICHES UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LARISA CAISÎN

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available There was analyzed and compared the nutritional posture of the young ostriches of different ages, reside at the farm “Anataction Investagro SRL” in conditions of Republic of Moldavia with offered pastures based on different normative dates and there was held the comparative analysis on the contends of food-value substances in them.

  19. SPECIAL FEATURES THE FEEDING OF YOUNG OSTRICHES UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    LARISA CAISÎN; NATALIA GROSU

    2008-01-01

    There was analyzed and compared the nutritional posture of the young ostriches of different ages, reside at the farm “Anataction Investagro SRL” in conditions of Republic of Moldavia with offered pastures based on different normative dates and there was held the comparative analysis on the contends of food-value substances in them.

  20. Impact of cigarette “price wars” in Ukraine and Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Krasovsky

    2017-05-01

    The tobacco industry uses “price wars” to keep customers and to press governments to adopt profitable excise rates. Tobacco companies can set price wars as they have right to determine maximum retail selling prices. If a country uses “maximum retail prices” to calculate ad valorem excise, regulations should prohibit downward changes of such prices.

  1. WEAK POINTS OF MODERN MUSICOLOGICAL EDUCATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIRONENCO ELENA

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article reveals the specificity of the musicologist’s profession and its importance in high school musicology education. In order to improve it so that it could correspond to the modern level of education of the 21st century, the article emphasizes the negative aspects in training musicology students who appeared in the post-Soviet period, as well as after the transition to the Bologna Learning Process.

  2. PECULIARITIES OF PROGRAMME MUSIC IN THE INSTRUMENTAL SUITE OF COMPOSERS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BEREZOVICOVA TATIANA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the study of the instrumental suites written by native composers from the point of view of the realization of programme music. The author analyses different kinds of programme music such as genre, stylistic, pictorial (without any subject, with a generalized subject, with a concrete subject, as well as latent programme music, felt in some non-programme compositions declared and expressed through specific instrumental means.

  3. EVOLUTION AND STRATEGY OF POULTRY PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zinaida BARBACARU (Pistol,

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Poultry farming is a strategic branch of the livestock sector with high potential recovery in a short period of time. Today poultry farming in our country is developed in three basic systems: industrial-intensive, household-intensive and household-extensive, more importance and priority being given to intensive-industry system, the share of which in the production of eggs and meat consumption, is 50-60% of the total volume of poultry production. Intensive-industrial system is characteristic of poultry factories using biological material with valuable productive potential, are equipped with modern technological equipment, which ensures increasing the rate of production and delivery of eggs and meat, poultry achieve high production, reducing costs per unit production. In this system annually will produce 25-30 thousand tons of meat, 280-350 million eggs for consumption, including 100-150 million eggs for export. The household-intensive system is specific for small and medium farms is characteristic of which optimal dimension is considered of 1-10 thousand laying hens or up to 20-40 thousand chickens bred for meat. Household-extensive system is specific for individual poultry farms; the production obtained was mainly used to ensure family needs.

  4. ASPECTE PRIVIND AUDITUL PERFORMANŢEI ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulia CAPRIAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Auditul performanţei se concentrează pe determinarea faptului dacă activităţile, proiectele / programele / procesele se desfăşoară conform principiilor economicităţii, eficienţei şi eficacităţii şi dacă mai este loc pentru îmbunătăţiri. Acesta se realizează prin compararea performanţei în funcţie de setul de criterii prestabilite, precum şi prin analiza cauzelor ce determină apariţia problemelor sau devierilor de la aceste criterii, scopul principal fiind de a răspunde unor întrebări-cheie ale auditului şi de a furniza recomandări cu privire la îmbunătăţirile care se pot face.CERTAIN ASPECTS OF PERFORMANCE AUDIT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAPerformance auditing focuses on determining whether the activities, projects / programs / processes are conducted according to the principles of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and whether there is room for improvement; it is conducted by comparing performance on the basis of set criteria, as well as by analysis of the causes of the emergence of problems or deviations from these criteria, the main purpose being to answer certain key questions relevant for the audit and provide recommendations on improvements that can be made.

  5. Ensuring the sustainability of the budget planning process in Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia DRAGOMIR

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency or effectiveness of public expenditures express an optimum size of a determined report between financial efforts and commensurable or estimated effects, obtained on account of the objectives funded by the state. In circumstances of on-going growth and diversification when public needs call for high value public goods, on the one hand, while the state’s financial resources do not increase just as fast, a gap of the pace is created, which leads to a permanent state of insufficiency of needed resources. This phenomenon occurs under the conditions in which consciously the Government proceeds to prioritizing social needs and, respectively, sizing public expenditures, according to several criteria (priority, opportunity, efficiency and effectiveness of public expenses, quality of public services, etc..

  6. Future of National Sovereignty of the Republic of Moldova in the Perspective of European Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Rusu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available By the end of XXth century, important transformations took place in the field of relations related tostate structure, especially in relations specific to federalism, affecting the political life of many states. Thenational principle of constitution of certain states became the cause of many interethnic conflicts (the nationalprinciple generates separatism together with the development of underdeveloped nations. Currentinternational situation in the field of human rights protection, protection of the rights of people andfundamental principles of international law, makes it impossible to improve the situations related to theachievement of their sovereignty by nations or, at least, avoid new conflicts, like the one in Yugoslavia. It isimpossible only if the „vectors” of international law are not changed, if the visions on the problem ofcorrelation between human rights and rights of the people and achievement of their „sovereignty” by them arenot corrected. At the same time we should mention that if national sovereignty is based namely on the right ofthe nation (not of individuals or of state to self-determination is such a complex political institution, it will benot necessary to apply it.

  7. Decentralization – the way of democratization and modernization of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iurie ŢAP

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Decentralization as a way of organizing a state represents the path to its democratization and effectiveness. Furthermore, territorial decentralization establishes the relations between state and local communities, and in order to be efficient some fundamental theoretic conditions should be respected, guidelines followed and two great balances achieved. Generally, an appropriate decentralization can be a catalyst for development and a remedy to overcome internal crises.

  8. ANALYSIS OF MANAGERIAL INFLUENCE ON THE PERSONAL MOTIVATION IN ORGANISATIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina ILCIUC

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The ability to make people work, the art of motivating others for a common goal, is essential to the success of any manager. Diagnosis of motivational and employee motivational factors can be considered a first step in developing an appropriate staff motivation policy. Thus, in this article we intended to analyse some of the motivational strategies that Moldovan organisations apply to their employees, what rewards systems are applied and how managers at various levels are involved in motivating staff.

  9. EVALUATION OF THE ECONOMIC SITUATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE REGIONAL COMPARISON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zinovia TOACA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research in question is to monitor the evolution of the Moldovan economy at the macroeconomic level during the transition to a market economy and to follow the road of it compared to other emerging countries. Research methodology is to select the top countries published by the UNDP (Human Development Report and compare the results obtained from countries in transition to a market economy by the indicator of Gross Domestic Product (GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP constant 2011 international $. The results correspond to the purpose of evaluating throughout our country compared to other developing countries in the period 1990-2012, without reference to the causes for which influenced their evolution.

  10. TENDENCIES OF IMPROVING STAFF MOTIVATION IN THE CONTEXT OF MOLDOVA – EUROPEAN UNION ASSOCIATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina ILCIUC

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Globalization and internationalization of labour market have determined the high mobility of the workforce between countries. Moldovan managers are more and more influenced by the European managerial practices, in the context of intense employees’ fluctuation, but the necessity of qualified specialists is more obvious. As a result, adaptation of some strategies and motivational policies that would maintain and attract qualified employees is an imperative requirement for the local managers.

  11. Study of Some Morphological Characters of Three Trout Breed Farmed in Salmonid Exploitations from Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Cătălin Emilian Nistor; Ionuţ Bogdan Pagu; Emanuel Magdici; Benone Pasarin

    2014-01-01

    Study of morphological characters at fish by means of biometry is a frequently utilized method and consists in determining the variability of characters in groups of individuals, by direct measurement, weighting and statistical processing of obtained data. Effectuation of body measurements and weighting is used to determine the increase in length of fish and to evaluate the general physiological condition. Brook trout, rainbow trout, and brown trout were the object of the current study by...

  12. PUBLIC POLICIES AND STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE THE ECONOMIC POTENTIAL OF A COUNTRY . CASE OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia BUŞMACHIU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The study of concepts applied in the decision - making process aims to investigate the functioning of mechanisms to develop and implement the central public administration policies. A modern decision - making process includes the whole procedure of decision making: setting the priorities of public policies, choosing options, instruments of public policy implementation, developing and adopting the respective legislative and normative acts, funding to implement these policies, conducting implementation actions and monitoring the impact of public policy decisions. Often the decision - making process in public administration is interpreted as a simple organization of the information and documents circuit. Therefore there arises the need to analyze the concept of decision making and propose solutions to improve it.

  13. PREFERENCE FOR DOMESTIC GOODS: A STUDY OF CONSUMER ETHNOCENTRISM IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela CAZACU

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available International trade has a significant role in the world economy. That is why it is a challenging task to understand the consumers’ minds, particularly when the consumption of imported products is regarded. This article attempts to explore Moldovan consumer ethnocentric tendencies. For attaining this goal, a self-administered questionnaire was delivered, using CETSCALE. There were obtained 113 complete and usable responses. The data from the study point out that the Moldovan consumers tend to be moderately ethnocentric. This tendency is distributed uniformly amongst socio-demographic groups selected for this research.

  14. EVALUATION OF PROFESSIONALISM IN HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    BÎRCĂ ALIC

    2017-01-01

    This paper refers to the specialisation of human resources management. Starting from the idea that, human resources specialists are responsible for a number of activities within organizations, it is necessary that they possess the knowledge and skills required to perform them. HR specialists must be able to apply the principles and practices of human resources to add to the success of their organizations. Beyond these requirements, a specialist in human resources must also be effi...

  15. 75 FR 4849 - Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... rehabilitated corridor. In addition, the Compact will fund a feasibility study, environmental and social impact... environmental and social oversight. In addition, the cost of monitoring and evaluation of the Compact is.... Implementation Section 3.1 Program Implementation Agreement Section 3.2 Government Responsibilities Section 3.3...

  16. The Demographic Situation in the Northern Economic Region of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SERGIU BACIU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The demographic situation within the Northern Economic Region is worse than the national average. This fact is determined by the decrease of the birth rate values, the increase of the mortality values and the negative natural and migration growth. They also lead to a change of the rate between age groups, in favour of the elderly. In order to diminish such a situation, urgent measures should be taken (policies for economic increase and income increase at local, department and regional level, to stop the deep demographic crisis of the region.

  17. Restructuring, Rationalizing and Modernizing Higher Education Sector in the Republic of Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , Romania, Scotland and Sweden and discusses best practices internal to a university on organizational, financial, human resource and academic autonomy. This book is the final, third major deliverable of the EUniAM project. It builds on and is derived from the first two deliverables of the project: „The...... by comparing it with the legislative proposals presented in part 1; the commentary on the Code of Education is restricted to the sections on Higher Education. In part three, a guide of good practice is presented. It draws on the benchmark analysis of the institutional university autonomy in Denmark, Lithuania...... analysis of the institutional university autonomy in Moldova” (Turcan and Bugaian, 2014)1 and „The benchmark analysis of institutional university autonomy in Denmark, Lithuania, Romania, Scotland and Sweden” (Turcan and Bugaian, 2015)2. We would like to acknowledge the Minister of Education, Maia Sandu...

  18. EUROPEAN NEIGHBOUHOOD POLICY: THE EXPERIENCE OF IMPLEMENTATION IN RESPECT OF MOLDOVA AND GEORGIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Sergeevna Poskrebysheva

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the analysis of the main conceptual principles and dynamics of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP, aimed at minimizing conflict potential in countries outside the European Union. On the basis of empirical data concerning the ENP approach to some of the post-Soviet states, the authors come to the conclusion that the policy of the EU, first of all , is far from effective implementation of a real political process, and, secondly, is part of the traditional paradigm of the West self - imposition, veiled bright slogans and declarations. 

  19. THE CREATION OF THE FOOD SECURITY SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena CONDREA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Food security has a complex determination which is dependent both on the agricultural sector policies and on the general macroeconomic framework, the revenue sharing policies, fiscal policies, social, commercial policies, etc.The concept of food security determines the main directions of the policy that favors the population’ welfare,poverty overcoming, changing of the consumption structure, demographic development, human health protection and improvement. In order to assure the foodstuffs of plant origin it was necessary to sow 741808, 85 hectares in 2012 year. The livestock of hens needed to assure the production of eggs for internal consumption, incubation and quantity of meat for 2012 year is 14, 5 million capita. The livestock of pigs needed to assure pork for consumption and the livestock for reproduction and export is 440076, 45 capita.

  20. EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL INDUCED SUSCEPTIBILITY TO WINDFALLS IN THE HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN OF MOLDOVA RIVER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MINEA V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Windfalls are caused by the interaction of several factors and occur in a meteorological context characterized mainly by high wind speeds. In the present study we tried to develop a method for predicting windfalls in a test region, determining areas of high susceptibility of this climatic risk. For this purpose we evaluated parameters regarding the morphometric (slope, exposition, altitude and morphological (mountain side concavity/convexity, slope break properties of the relief, the types of forest and the soil on which these grow. We gave susceptibility scores for each parameter considered, resulting in a series of classified layers. These were subsequently added up to form the final cartographic material which highlights the vulnerable areas. For validating the results we utilised LandSat images from different time periods. The existence of a major windfalls event in the studied region (March 2002 allowed us to compare the situation before and after the event, and to check if there is a correlation with the model developed in this analysis. On the basis of this study it may be possible to predict the future evolution of trees susceptibility to windfall which could be helpful in establishing silvic measures to be implemented in order to minimize the damage caused by these phenomena.

  1. A GEOPOLITICAL STAKE: REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE EURASIAN UNION

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea-Cristian Ghenghea

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a comparative analysis of how Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania handled the process of nation-building, finding their self in their new reality which was no longer created and manipulated by the Soviets since their breakaway from the USSR. To do so, this paper suggests an ingenious method of the identity politics analysis which focuses on the importance of the so-called “lieux de mémoire” or “meaning-full places” for people. Monuments and statues are good examples of such plac...

  2. THE PERSPECTIVE OF CULTIVATION AND UTILIZATION OF THE NEW LEGUMINOUS GRASSES SPECIES IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru TELEUŢĂ

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The development and modernization of our country’s agriculture is related to the revitalization of the animal breeding sector along with the implementation of new genotypes of animals and diversification of fodder production, balanced in terms of quantity and quality throughout the year, suitable for the physiological requirements of animals, and qualitative products as required in the market. Scientific research conducted in the Botanical Garden (Institute of the ASM over decades was aimed at mobilization, improvement and implementation of new non-traditional plant species that use efficiently photosynthetic active radiation and land resources to obtain fodder with a high level of vegetable protein, the fodder leguminous grasses (fam. Fabaceae Lindl. play an important role. We have studied the biological peculiarities, productivity, chemical composition and nutritional value of new fodder leguminous plant species Astragalus galegiformis, Onobrychis inermis and Medicago tianschanica of the collection of non-traditional fodder plants of the Botanical Garden (Institute of the ASM, the traditional forage crop alfalfa served as control variant. The nutritional value of fresh mass accounts: the Astragalus galegiformis - 0.27 nutritive units, 3.26 MJ metabolizable energy and 146g digestible protein/nutritive unit; Onobrychis inermis - 0.25 nutritive units, 2.56 MJ metabolizable energy and 154 g digestible protein/nutritive unit; Medicago tianschanica - 0.24 nutritive units, 2.86 MJ metabolizable energy and 173 g digestible protein/nutritive unit and alfalfa - 0.21 nutritive units, 2.28 MJ metabolizable energy and 164 g digestible protein/nutritive unit. Due to the productivity and high and stable quality of fodder, use of the plantation for a long period of time, capacity of fixing atmospheric nitrogen, the new fodder leguminous species Astragalus galegiformis, Onobrychis inermis and Medicago tianschanica can serve as initial material for enriching the range of forage crops.

  3. Transforming for Multinational Operations: A Study of the National Army of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    Moldovan Servicemen Leave for International Peacekeeping Mission in Kosovo,” March 8, 2014, http://www.prezident. md/eng/ comunicate -de-presa...analysis and research that would identify the needed military equipment and would take a scientific approach to acquire (produce) and field it. The...US Joint Capabilities Integration Development System (JCIDS), or NATO Capabilities Development Process in order to have a systemic and scientific

  4. EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE OF SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP IN THE LABOUR FIELD: PERSPECTIVES FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Nicolaescu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available European integration is not a slogan, a political discourse or a foundation for the political platform of political parties. European integration includes concrete directives of action to be taken into account by all states. One of the most important of them might be considered the social partnership in the labour field. Under current circumstances, the need to study relations established within social partnership, factors contributing to social dialogue development and fulfillment of social partnership potential within existing political and socio-economic reforms increased. Analysis of European dimension of Moldovan social partnership evolution is essential for further democratization of labour field and European perspectives of the country.

  5. THE NATURAL COLD ACCUMULATOR AND VACUUM INSTALLATION FOR MILK COOLING IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cretu V.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on theoretical and experimental research of the milk cooling process was elaborated mathematical model of accumulator with natural cold and vacuum installations, which allows determining the operating system installations, mentioned from environmental parameters.

  6. THE NEED FOR A WATER INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    Ion BOTNARENCO; Ala BOSCAN; Efim ZUBCO

    2015-01-01

    Novelty. Insuficient information on water resources is an important issue at both national and global levels. This issue becomes even more important under the conditions of clmate change of the last decades. Aim. The aim is to analyze the existing situation in the field and to formulate a scientific argument by means of convincing examples, to argue the need to implement an information system of water cadastre, to arise social interest as a whole towards the problem whose solution determines ...

  7. THE NEED FOR A WATER INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion BOTNARENCO

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Novelty. Insuficient information on water resources is an important issue at both national and global levels. This issue becomes even more important under the conditions of clmate change of the last decades. Aim. The aim is to analyze the existing situation in the field and to formulate a scientific argument by means of convincing examples, to argue the need to implement an information system of water cadastre, to arise social interest as a whole towards the problem whose solution determines success. Methods. The authors of the study have used many scientific methods and namely: the systematic analysis of ongoing processes (phenomena; the analysis of statistical data; the methods of trend graphic analysis; the method of analysis and synthesis of natural phenomena and processes. Results. Information of the society is both the purpose and the final result of the present study.

  8. Implementing an organised cervical screening programme in the Republic of Moldova-Stakeholder identification and engagement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Philip; Valuta, Diana; Cojohari, Natalia; Sancho-Garnier, Helene

    2017-10-01

    Successfully implementing cervical screening programmes requires them to be adapted to the local context and have broad stakeholder support. This can be achieved by actively engaging local stakeholders in planning as well as implementing the programmes. The Moldovan government started implementing an organised cervical screening programme in 2010 with the first step being stakeholder identification and engagement. This process started by contacting easily identified stakeholders with each asked to recommend others and the process continued until no new ones were identified. Stakeholders were then involved in a series of individual and group meetings over a 2-year period to build confidence and encourage progressively greater engagement. In total, 87 individuals from 46 organisations were identified. Over the 2-year process, the individual and group meetings facilitated a change in stakeholder attitudes from disinterest, to acceptance and finally to active cooperation in designing the screening programme and preparing an implementation plan that were both well adapted to the Moldovan context. Developing the broad support needed to implement cervical screening programmes required ongoing interaction with stakeholders over an extended period. This interaction allowed stakeholder concerns to be identified and addressed, progress to be demonstrated, and stakeholders to be educated about organised screening programmes so they had the knowledge to progressively take greater responsibility and ownership. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Tools and benefits of „Partnership for Peace” program for the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae ŢÂU

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The article reviews the tools and mechanisms of the „Partnership for Peace” Program and its benefits for our country. Among the main benefits, the authors mention: reforming the defense and security sector, ensuring the interoperability of its own forces with those of the allied and partner countries with regard to participate in NATO PfP multinational exercises and operations, protecting the environment by destroying and neutralizing expired ammunition stocks, neutralization and disposal of pesticide and chemical stocks.

  10. Physico-chemical and antioxidant properties of two medicinal wild plants grown in Moldova region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorina Ropciuc

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The major objective of this study is to report physico-chemical (moisture, ash, protein, total phenolic compounds and ascorbic acid and the antioxidant properties of methanol extracts of nettle (Urtica dioica L. and typical romaine spice "leurda" (Allium ursinum, wild garlic fresh and dried. The antioxidant properties of methanol extract of medicinal herbs were evaluated using free radical scavenging test. The phenols were extracted from the medicinal plants with methanol solvent and were quantified by the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The ascorbic acid content varied between 77.94 mg/100g in the fresh Urtica dioica L. and 39.55 from fresh Allium ursinum. The results showed that the total phenolic compounds in all medicinal plants decreased along processing. These results suggest that the medicinal plants sample extract with highest polyphenolic content will indicates the possibility of using them  as ingredients in functional foods.

  11. Physico-chemical and antioxidant properties of two medicinal wild plants grown in Moldova region

    OpenAIRE

    Sorina Ropciuc

    2015-01-01

    The major objective of this study is to report physico-chemical (moisture, ash, protein, total phenolic compounds and ascorbic acid) and the antioxidant properties of methanol extracts of nettle (Urtica dioica L.) and typical romaine spice "leurda" (Allium ursinum, wild garlic) fresh and dried. The antioxidant properties of methanol extract of medicinal herbs were evaluated using free radical scavenging test. The phenols were extracted from the medicinal plants with methanol solvent and were ...

  12. Considerations of ensuring efficient consumption of energy resources in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sveatoslav MIHALACHE

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Protecting the environment is essential nowadays. We have to think about us and the needs of future generations. In the last 20 years, Europe has understood that lives beyond its real opportunities and that our way of life put the planet to the test. We consume more and more of the natural resources and jeopardize environmental systems (water, soil and air. This cannot continue indefinitely, especially since the world’s population continues to grow. If we don’t change behavior now, our future will be less secured and more people will fight for natural resources increasingly reduced. Mentioned issues are examined in the following article.

  13. Kas omakeelsel haridusel ja teadusel on tulevikku? / Kirsti Siitonen, Jolanta Zabarskaite, Josep Soler-Carbonell, Rainer Enrique Hamel ; intervjueerinud Peep Nemvalts ; tõlkinud Doris Kareva, Aili Künstler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    TLÜ teaduskeelekeskus korraldas koos TLÜ eesti keele ja kultuuri instituudiga 29. ja 30. augustil rahvusvahelise konverentsi "Rahvuskeeled teaduses ja kõrghariduses". Sel teemal vastavad TLÜ teaduskeelekeskuse juhataja Peep Nemvaltsi küsimustele konverentsi rahvusvahelised esinejad

  14. Uus keelenimetus ärritab Rumeeniat / Ingrid Cristea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cristea, Ingrid

    2007-01-01

    Moldova otsustas seal kõneldavat rumeenia keele dialekti nimetada edaspidi moldova keeleks, Rumeenia ei tunnista moldova keele olemasolu. Euroopa Parlamendi liige Roberta Anastase hinnangul peab Euroopa Komisjon tunnistama ainult rumeenia keelt

  15. EL-i eriesindaja usub lahendusse Transnistrias / Kalman Mizsei ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mizsei, Kalman

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu eriesindaja Moldovas ütleb, et Moldova liigub aeglaselt EL-i standardite poole ja Eesti on toetanud Moldovat ning koos Ukrainaga leitakse lahendus Transnistria probleemile. Vt. samas: Marianne Mikko. Moldova rikastub

  16. Aşezarea tripoliană tardivă de lângă satul Voloviţa (raionul Soroca, Republica Moldova / Late Tripolian settlement near the village of Voloviţa (Soroca District, Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Ţerna

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article publishes the materials from the surface of a new Late Tripolian settlement in the Middle Dniester region. Apart from pottery, the abundance of stone implements is quite remarkable. The analysis of the structure and typology of chipped stone artifacts points towards a large-scaled flint processing on the site. It is possible, that this settlement, dated with the Vykhvatintsy stage, specialized in the production of stone tools, and the final products were transported to other sites within a complex system of economic interrelations.

  17. Eestile ja teistele Läänemere riikidele XXI sajandil avanevad sõjalise stabiilsuse perspektiivid / Tarmo Kõuts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõuts, Tarmo, 1953-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti Kaitseväe juhataja sõnul on Baltimaade üheks peamiseks mureks olnud peale taasiseseisvumist, kuidas kindlustada riigi stabiilne eksistents võimalikult kaugesse tulevikku ja milline osa on selle kindlustamisel sõjalise stabiilsuse faktoril

  18. Tartu Ülikooli Muuseumi varakamber = Treasury of the University of Tartu Museum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli Muuseumi varakamber Lossi tänav 25, valminud 2012. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali sisearhitektuuripreemia 2012 minevikust tulevikku vaatava efektse ja noorusliku ekspositsiooniruumi kujundamise eest. Sisearhitektid Margit Argus, Margit Aule (KAOS Arhitektid)

  19. Poka ihh petuhh ne kljunet / Irina Kablukova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kablukova, Irina

    2008-01-01

    Transiidiekspert Raivo Vare arvab, et valitsus peaks planeerima majanduse tulevikku ja kuulama ettevõtjaid. Riigikogu liige Taavi Veskimägi arvab, et majandusolukord paneb ministreid ettevõtjaid kuulama

  20. Patsiendid võidavad vaid uue haiglaga / Guido Ratnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratnik, Guido

    2001-01-01

    Pärnu maakonnaarst kommenteerib "Eesti haiglate arengukava aastani 2015" ja Pärnu maakonna haiglate tulevikku. Programmi finantseeris koos Eesti riigiga Maailmapank ja uurimuse tegid Eesti tervishoiuspetsialistid ja Rootsi firmad Scandinavian Care Consultants AB

  1. Afganistan väärib meie abi / Stanley Davis Phillips

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Phillips, Stanley Davis

    2008-01-01

    Lääne toetus aitab Afganistani elanikel luua stabiilset, demokraatlikku ja majanduslikult elujõulist tulevikku. Kuigi töö Afganistanis on väga riskantne, on Eesti abiks sealsetel elanikel turvalise keskkonna loomisel

  2. Eestimaa Talupidajate Keskliidu peadirektor Kaul Nurm : "Maale on seoses Eesti astumisega Euroopa Liitu tulemas väga palju raha" / Kaul Nurm ; interv. Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurm, Kaul

    2003-01-01

    Kaul Nurm vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad talunike probleeme, siseturu kaitset, idaturgu, talunike ja tootjate liitude suhteid, ettevõtlust maal, väiketalude toetamist, talunduse ja maaelu tulevikku

  3. Kõige pöörasemaid ideid, palun / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2006-01-01

    NIAC (NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts) ootab kaugesse tulevikku suunatud ideid, mis peaksid pärinema peaaegu fantastika vallast, kuid seejuures siiski tuginema "kindlatele teaduslikele põhimõtelele"

  4. Tshto god grjadushtshii nam... / Lev Golub

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Golub, Lev

    2008-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Eesti majanduse hetkeolukorda ja tulevikku. Ta leiab, et meie valitsus ja peaminister ei näe riigi majanduses mingeid erilisi probleeme ja raskusi, räägitakse nn. pehmest maandumisest

  5. Shvedõ pugajut juzhan, a nas uspokaivajut

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Rootsi totaalkaitseinstituudi (FOI) teadlaste ettekande kohaselt võib Venemaa saada üheks ebastabiilsuse koldeks maailmas oma sisekonfliktide tõttu, Hiinat ähvardavad siserahutused, Põhja-Euroopa võib vaadata tulevikku suhteliselt rahulikult.

  6. Tulevikukujundaja avaldas kavandi Ühendatud Euroopast / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse endine president Valery Giscard d'Estaing, kes juhib Euroopa tulevikku kavandavat konventi, esitas esialgse plaani EL-i tulevikust Ühendatud Euroopa või lausa Euroopa Ühendriikide nime all

  7. President Ilves kohtus Max Jakobsoniga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja Soome tuntud diplomaat Max Jakobson arutasid 16. septembril 2008 Tallinnas toimunud kohtumisel julgeolekuolukorda Euroopas pärast Venemaa-Gruusia sõda, Euroopa Liidu suhteid Venemaaga ja NATO tulevikku

  8. "24" - veel üks piinavalt pikk ja sündmusterohke päev / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Televisioon alustab hittseriaali "24" kolmanda hooaja näitamist. Meenutatakse eelnenud hooaegade tähtsamaid sündmusi ja vaetakse seriaali võimalikku tulevikku. Hetkel on kokkulepe olemas seitsmendaks hooajaks

  9. Läänemere maailma uurija uus raamat / Väino Sirk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sirk, Väino, 1942-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Raimo Pullat. Värav tulevikku. Danzingi Tehnikaülikool Eesti tehnikaharitlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939. Tallinn : TTÜ Kirjastus, 2015. 1920. aastatel oli Eesti noorte tehnikasse pürgijate rajatagune valik Gdansk (Danzig)

  10. Na gorizonte - konkurentõ slantsa / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Elektrijaamas toimus põlevkivienergeetika tulevikku käsitlev konverents, millest võtsid osa Eesti Energia juhtkond, Riigikogu majanduskomisjoni liikmed ja Eesti teadlased. Käiku anti Eesti Elektrijaama renoveeritud 8. energiablokk

  11. IBMi presidenti hämmastas tasuta WiFi / Shaun T Jones

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jones, Shaun T

    2008-01-01

    2008. a. oktoobris Tallinnas IBMi Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa äripartnerite kohtumisel viibinud IBMi tarkvaraosakonna asepresident räägib arengutest globaalses infotehnoloogia sektoris, küberkuritegevusest ja prognoosib IT-toodete tulevikku

  12. Professionaalne marketing - edu pant / Thomas Westerberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Westerberg, Thomas

    1999-01-01

    Majanduslanguse perioodil tuleb fokusseerida oma plaanid tulevikku, sel perioodil avalduvad turundusjuhtide tõelised ja varjatud professionaalsed oskused. Thomas Westerbergi, Coca-Cola Baltic Beverages Ltd. tegevdirektori ettekanne Majanduskonverentsil "Kuidas olla edukas majanduslanguse perioodil"

  13. Political and Military Challenges of the Republic of Moldova in the Context of Security in the Black Sea Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    ONSORING /MONIT ORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSORING/MONITORING NIA AGENCY REPORT NUMBER 11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES TI1e views expressed...Priorities and Actions, European Commission - SPEECH/14/ 505 - 25/06/2014, College of Europe and European Commission: First Joint High-Level Roundtable...Security Strategy: Key Priorities and Actions. European Commission - SPEECH/14/ 505 - 25/06/2014. College of Europe and European Commission: First Joint

  14. 78 FR 33103 - Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-03

    ... production); and factors related to the ability to shift supply among different national markets (including... domestic production of the product. In its original determinations and its full first five-year review... Commission conducts under Title VII of the Act, or in internal audits and investigations relating to the...

  15. Performances and Deficiencies of the Regulation of the Phenomenon of Family Violence in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Ionita

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The family protection and support, the development and consolidation of family solidarity, basedon friendship, affection, moral and material encouragement of family members is a national goal. The acts ofviolence among members of one family can seriously affect the very existence of the family, frequentlycausing the dismemberment of it. The deeply harmful effects of violence among members of one family, bothfor them and for society, as well as the recrudescence of such violent acts imposed as a major priority theprevention and combating of this form of the violence. Family violence is a social problem and, at the sametime, a serious violation of human rights, being exercised in different forms: the punishment of minors, therestriction of the woman’s (man’s independence, the non-respect of the rights, feelings, opinions,expectations of the woman (man, violence among brothers, abuse against elderly family members etc.. It isalso a social relation whose consequences cannot be ignored at the level of political decision, from theperspective of accession to the European Union’s structures of our country.

  16. Suitability for use of open market operations as a main tool of monetary control by the National bank of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa MISTREAN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The open-market have become the main instrument of monetary control in the developed countries, increased flexibility offered, from the point of view of volume of the monetary policy operations initiated by the central bank. They permit the establishment of impersonal relations between market participants, as well as inefficiency and to avoid market and of the economy, as a result of the direct control.

  17. International Scholarship Graduates Influencing Social and Economic Development at Home: The Role of Alumni Networks in Georgia and Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Anne C.

    2016-01-01

    Many students from low- and middle-income countries seek scholarship support to pursue higher education overseas. Often scholarship programs mandate that recipients "give back" to their home countries following their studies so scholars "apply" their experiences to aid their countries of origin. In this comparative qualitative…

  18. EVOLUTIONARY ASPECTS OF THE WELFARE OF THE RURAL POPULATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND THEIR MOTIVATIONAL IMPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica PRISACARU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is focused on the issue of rural population incomes, their evolution, and changes in their structure that occurred in the period 2006-2012. It was performed a comparative analysis of the ratio between the available income per capita and subsistence minimum in rural and urban areas, and based on this, it was highlighted the gap between the welfare of urban and rural population. The result of the study proved that despite positive tendencies in reducing rural poverty, rural population income is still very low, without reaching the subsistence minimum. This fact, along with other negative aspects (reduced share of income from employment, increased share of social allowances and remittances leads to the decrease of the motivational effects of work payment and income from agricultural activity. Thus, it is obvious, that along with government social programs, to have more effective state actions targeted to business development in rural areas and hence creating new workplaces.

  19. TAXONOMIC DIVERSITY AND THE ROLE OF ALGAEFLORA FOR BIOLOGICAL DEPURATION OF WATERS FROM RIVER COGÂLNIC (R. MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SALARU VICTOR

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available During 2004-2005 there were performed studies regarding the taxonomic structure of the algaeflora in river Cogâlnic in order to point out the role of the algae during the process of water quality improvement and the role of the indicator of the most representative species. River Cogâlnic, or Cunduc, starts from nearby village Iurceni, district Nisporeni and flows into lake Sasac, and runs for a distance of 243 km. Decrease of the analyzed water quality from the river is caused by the sewerage waters from different sectors from town Hinceshti and Cimishlia that are directed into the river without any depuration. We've studied about 118 samples in which we've discovered about 382 species and intraspecific taxonomic units of algae of the following types: Cyanophyta -73, Euglenophyta-75, Chlorophyta-111, Xantophyta-3, Bacillariophyta-118 and Chrysophyta-2. Mass development of the euglena within Colgalnic river, among which are the following types of species Euglena-26, Trachelomonas-14 and Phacus-13, demonstrate a high level of trophicity in water. Among the chloride algae predominate the following species Scenedesmus-21, and from cyanophyta species predominates Oscillatoria-23. The high taxonomic level of the bacillariophyta algae is determined by species as Navicula-27, Nitzschia-24 and Surirella-16. Most of species refer to categories β and β-α , demonstrating a high level of water pollution. This fact speaks about the high concentration of nitrogen and phosphor compounds in water. It was demonstrated that as far as we go from the places were the sewerage waters flow into the river, the excessive quantities of biological elements decrease clearly. Also, go down the quantity of bicarbonates and oxidizers. Numeric growth of the algae is nothing else but a positive role for water depuration.

  20. THE BUSINESS INCUBATORS AS A LEVER FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT OF YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana MIRZAC

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The business incubators are an instrument of indirect financial support mechanisms in the field of business entrepreneurship of small and medium business, as in the final stage of incubation operators can obtain the status of a successful enterprise and help support new entrepreneurs that are working effectively and which are at the stage of incubation. The university incubators meet the need for action to support businesses resulting primarily from activities of universities having the main goal to turn research results into productive technological activities, with efficient economic results.

  1. FISCAL CULTURE - AS KEY ELEMENTS OF ENSURING TAX COMPLIANCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (BASED ON THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA EXPERIENCE)

    OpenAIRE

    Diana CRICLIVAIA

    2013-01-01

    Tax avoidance and tax evasion have considerably consumed the ink and papers of academic research because taxation is an issue that has been relevant in the last 6000 years of human history and will continue to be relevant in the future. Questions about tax compliance are as old as taxes themselves and will remain an area of discovery as long as taxes exist. To understand the impact of a tax system, it is important to know who complies with the tax law as well as who does not. In this paper I ...

  2. Reflections about the cogeneration of electrical and thermal energy in conditions of Chisinau city, Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Musteata, Valentin

    2004-01-01

    The cogeneration of electrical and thermal energy in Chisinau city is implements on heat power plants HPP-1 and HPP - 2. The district heating, receiving thermal energy from these power plants, has a severe alternative from the autonomous heating system. The capabilities of reducing the cost of thermal energy produced by HPP-2 are analyzed and the paths of improvement of district heating are forecasted. (author)

  3. THE BUSINESS INCUBATORS AS A LEVER FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT OF YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana MIRZAC

    2014-01-01

    The business incubators are an instrument of indirect financial support mechanisms in the field of business entrepreneurship of small and medium business, as in the final stage of incubation operators can obtain the status of a successful enterprise and help support new entrepreneurs that are working effectively and which are at the stage of incubation. The university incubators meet the need for action to support businesses resulting primarily from activities of universities having the m...

  4. ICMCS-2014: 8. international conference on microelectronics and computer science and 5. conference of physicists of Moldova. Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Canter, V.; Balmus, I.

    2014-10-01

    This book includes communications presented at the 8th International conference on microelectronics and computer science. The papers presented in the book cover certain issues of microelectronics, modern theoretical and experimental physics and advanced technology.

  5. The effect of the supply of rumen degradable protein and metabolisable protein on negative energy balance and fertility in dairy cows

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tamminga, S.

    2006-01-01

    Reproduction in dairy cattle is negatively affected by a negative energy balance (NEB), a combination of the deposition or mobilisation of fat and protein. The mode of action of NEB on fertility is not always clear, but the severity, length, and probably also the nature of the NEB may be involved.

  6. Functional live cell imaging of the pulmonary neuroepithelial body microenvironment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Proost, Ian; Pintelon, Isabel; Brouns, Inge; Kroese, A; Riccardi, Daniela; Kemp, Paul J.; Timmermans, Jean-Pierre; Adriaensen, Dirk

    Pulmonary neuroepithelial bodies (NEBs) are densely innervated groups of neuroendocrine cells invariably accompanied by Clara-like cells. Together with NEBs, Clara-like cells form the so-called "NEB microenvironment," which recently has been assigned a potential pulmonary stem cell niche. Conclusive

  7. HIERACIO UMBROSI-QUERCETUM PETRAEAE PÎNZARU, CANTEMIR, MANIC & POPESCU – ASS. NOVA, FROM THE CENTRAL MOLDOVAN PLATEAU OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel PÎNZARU

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The forests of sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt. Liebl. with Hieracium umbrosum Jord., found on the Central Moldovan Plateau, are described in this article. Based on 12 relevés, the authors have grouped these forests in an plant community that is new for science – Hieracio umbrosi-Quercetum petraeae Pînzaru, Cantemir, Manic et Popescu, included in the alliance Quercion pubescenti-petraeae Br.-Bl. 1932, the order Quercetalia pubescenti-petraeae Klika 1933, cl. QUERCO-FAGETEA Br.-Bl. et Vlieger in Vlieger 1937.

  8. Effect of Fertilizers and Irrigation on Distribution of Mobile Forms of Mn, Zn and Cu in Typical Chernozems of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leah T. Gh.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the study results of mobile forms of Mn, Zn and Cu in irrigated fertilized and unfertilized chernozems typical. Irrigation affects the content and distribution of mobile forms of trace elements, increasing their removal beyond the 150 cm of soil layer. The fertilization increase the migration of Cu until 130 cm, fixed Mn and Zn in 0-60 cm of the irrigated soils. During irrigation constitutes a danger of soil contamination with Mn, Cu and Zn.

  9. The energy-economic situation in the Republic of Moldova and the energy policy characteristics during the transition period to market economy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vern, G.; Medvev, L.; Lumer, I.; Reabuhina, L.

    1994-01-01

    A significant characteristics of the present situation of the Moldavian economy is the social impact of cyclic and structural economic crises. The energy crisis is an important concern for social-political background of the Republic and it requires updating the elements of the permanent capital implied in electrothermal power production. Comparative calculations were done for electrothermal demands and the results illustrate the dynamics of the energy intensity for the power output. Several suggestions are advanced to settle the energy-economical problems

  10. Advertising postcards in the collections of the National Museum of the History of Moldova (late 19th c. - the 1st half of the 20th c.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Griţco

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the paper is advertising postcards, discovered during the research of the museum collection of postcards. Performed in the style of their time, they reflect changes in both production and society. Unlike postage stamps and envelopes, the postcard is more convenient as a carrier of information, including advertising. The first classic promotional postcards appeared in Europe in the late 1870s, initially they presented advertising of hotels and restaurants. In Russia, including in Bessarabia, annexed by the Russian Empire in 1812, the first postcards with advertising content appeared in 1896. They can be divided into three categories: postcards with images similar to images in newspapers, postcards “as in a magazine” (a picture accompanied by text and postcards with the views of certain buildings, accompanied by an explanatory text. The first two categories were usually distributed by the owners of the advertised objects, and the third was sold by souvenir dealers. According to their purpose, illustrated postcards serve for iconographic popularization. On some postcards the image is not associated with the text of the ad, located, as a rule, on the reverse side. This includes postcards, which indicate the author of the image and the publisher, advertised via postcards. On other postcards the image itself serves as an advertisement and is not always accompanied by text. This includes postcards depicting places of entertainment, recreation areas, trading houses, outstanding buildings, etc. A special place is occupied by tourist advertising cards, the most popular and, as a rule, the most numerous in museum and private collections.

  11. Advertising postcards in the collections of the National Museum of the History of Moldova (late 19th c. - the 1st half of the 20th c.

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Griţco

    2017-01-01

    The subject of the paper is advertising postcards, discovered during the research of the museum collection of postcards. Performed in the style of their time, they reflect changes in both production and society. Unlike postage stamps and envelopes, the postcard is more convenient as a carrier of information, including advertising. The first classic promotional postcards appeared in Europe in the late 1870s, initially they presented advertising of hotels and restaurants. In Russia, inclu...

  12. The international conference dedicated to the 50th anniversary from the foundation of the Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    This book includes more than 229 abstracts of the communications which cover a vast range of subjects, such as: chemical properties of materials, methods of nano structures and nano materials fabrications and characterization; advanced materials and fabrication processes; methods of crystal growth, post-growth technological processes, doping and implantation, fabrication of solid state structures; modelling of materials and structure, etc.

  13. The Glaring Socioeconomic Meltdown in Post-Soviet Ukraine, Moldova, and Belarus: A Distorted Mindset in Search of a Way Out

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olesea Ghedrovici

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Cultural and historical values and assumptions deeply imprint all aspects of people’s lives, including their role in social, economic, and political transformation. Many of the former Soviet states are still going through a painful metamorphosis on a confusing path toward acceptance of freedom and democratic values. The idea we wish to highlight there is the impact of the Soviet moral and psychological legacy on the socioeconomic transition now under way in the East European countries that once were republics of the Soviet Union. It is important to shed light on the reasons why, after 20 years of formal independence, the region is still struggling to find its way forward.

  14. The International Conference dedicated to the 55th anniversary from the foundation of the Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. Abstracts of communications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    This book includes 213 abstracts of the communications which cover a vast range of subjects, such as: chemical properties of materials, methods of nano structures and nano materials fabrications and characterization; advanced materials and fabrication processes; methods of crystal growth, post-growth technological processes, doping and implantation, fabrication of solid state structures; modelling of materials and structure, etc.

  15. Improvement in image quality. Results of a pilot project coordinated by the International Atomic Energy Agency in the Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaplanis, P.A.; Rehani, M.M.; Chupov, A.; ); Bahnarel, I.; Roshka, A.; Catrinici, V.; Rabovila, E.; Donos, V.; Guzun, E.; Crivoi, V.

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this Pilot Project was to perform reanalysis and image quality checks, pin point problems, suggest methods of improvement. Seven departments/rooms participated in the study. The work was conducted in two phases. A total of 1538 films were evaluated over the period of May, 12-23 2003. The films were first evaluated by a radiographer and the reject rate at radiographer level was estimated. After the data of the analysis was collected, the experts of the IAEA evaluated the results. They identified suggestions for each department, based on the results and the aim of improvement of the image quality. This was called the Quality Control (QC) step and required different levels of emphasis to parameters i different hospitals. After each department adopted the QC actions, the image quality analysis was performed once again to investigate whether or not the suggestions helped towards the improvement of image quality. In this phase 1411 films were evaluated during the period of 09.22.2003-10.03.2003. Review of the first phase results indicated that the following causes contributed to poor quality films: kVp error, improper collimation, radiation output problems, scratchers due to hanger, intensifying screen problems, improper processing, finger marks and darkroom light leak. Corrective actions, qualitative control steps, were suggested on these factors. (authors)

  16. The content of natural radioactive elements and artificial radioisotopes in Moldova's soils; Continutul unor elemente radioactive naturale si radioizotopi artificiali in solurile Moldovei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stasiev, Gr. [Univ. de Stat din Moldova, Chisinau (Moldova, Republic of); Nedealcov, S.; Jigau, Gh. [Centrul Republican de Pedologie Aplicata, Chisinau (Moldova, Republic of)

    2013-08-15

    The results of multiyear investigations of natural radionuclide (U-238, Th-232, Ra-226, K-40) and artificial isotopes (Sr-90, Cs-137, I-131) content on soil and plants are presented. Six anomalous polluted areas were detected after Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident. (authors)

  17. POSIBILITĂŢI DE ORGANIZARE ŞI UTILIZARE A PRACTICII CONTROLULUI FINANCIAR-FISCAL ÎN CONDIŢIILE REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulia CAPRIAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Importanţa deosebită a controlului financiar-fiscal este determinată de faptul că acesta este exercitat în virtutea drep­tu­lui pe care societatea îl are de a-şi apăra interesele fundamentale. Asigu­rarea resurselor financiare necesare statului se realizează prin sistemul fiscal, respectiv prin cele două funcţii principale ale acestuia: funcţia socială şi funcţia de control. Controlul financiar-fiscal, prin pârghiile oferite de sistemul fiscal sub forma impozitelor şi taxe­lor, penetrează activi­tă­ţile agentului economic, stabilind modul în care acesta respectă legalitatea şi dacă desfăşoară o activitate econo­mică eficientă.OPPORTUNITIES TO ORGANIZE AND TO USE OF THE FINANCIAL AND FISCAL CONTROL`S PRACTICE IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThe particular importance of the financial and fiscal control is determined by the fact that it is exercised under the right of the society to protect its fundamental interests. The insurance of financial resources for the state`s needs is accomplished by the fiscal system, respectively by its two main functions: social function, and control function. Based on the leverorges offered by the fiscal system in the form of taxes and duties, the financial and fiscal control penetrates the activities of the economic agent, identifying the way in which this one respects the law and if it has an economic efficient activity.

  18. THE ESTIMATION OF SOME CHANGES OF SOIL PHYSICAL STATE UNDER THE EFFECT OF LAND RECLAMATION TECHNOLOGIES, IN THE CONDITION OF SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE IN BAIA-MOLDOVA DEPPRESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Moca

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available In the pedo-climatic conditions of Suceava County that extends on a total surface of 855 300 ha, the balance of agricultural land affected by humidity excess with temporar or permanent character is differenciated from south to north and from east to west, between 30 % till 40%, which means almost 100 000 ha. On these soils with underground water or pluvial excess hydro ameliorative drainage systems have been installed, associated to a complex agroameliorative works. For long effect estimation of the underground drainage asociated with the agropedoameliorative works upon the some physical and hydrophysical characteristics, there were analyzed the soil and the environment conditions from Baia field. For this reason, we analyzed the agrophysical conditions for luvisol albic pseudogleic (SRCS-1980, respectively luvosol albic stagnic-glosic (SRTS-2003 albic luvosoil drained and cultivated, after a period of 28 years (1978-2006 use. The obtained data regarding to te water balance and the evolution of the major physical properties of soil, under the influence of drainage and amelioration works, put into evidence in the first stage (1978-1986 a general improvement of the aerohidrycal state and physical-chemical conditioning. In the next two experimental cycles of 10 years each, have been noticed a increased of compaction degree of soil drained and cultivated on 0-30 cm depth, from weak loose to moderately compaction depending on the remanence of the reclamation technologies.

  19. Cost analysis and exploratory cost-effectiveness of youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in the Republic of Moldova

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kempers, J.; Ketting, E.; Lesco, G.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services (YFHS) have high priority in many countries. Yet, little is known about the cost and cost-effectiveness of good quality YFHS in resource limited settings. This paper analyses retrospectively costs and potential cost-effectiveness of

  20. ACCOUNTING AND TAXATION ASPECTS REGARDING THE DEPRECIATION OF FIXED ASSETS IN THE AGRI-FOOD ENTERPRISES OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadim COJOCARI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available If accounting issues concerning the calculation of fixed assets depreciation are considered by most economists as rationaland appropriate to the requirements of market changes, then, when it comes to the interpretation of this problem for taxpurposes the situation becomes much more contradictory and unusual. In addition, the differences between accountingand taxation rules concerning the determination of amortization amounts are so significant, that it seems, voluntarily orinvoluntarily, that there is a lack of a unique approach at the state level to solve this issue, and the unwillingness ofcompetent bodies to harmoniously combine the interests of society as a whole and partially those of economic agents.

  1. Two new hoards and several solitary finds of metal items of the Bronze Age - Early Hallstatt periods in the territory of Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Ţerna

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article publishes two new hoards and several solitary finds of bronze items from the Prut-Dniester interfluve. These finds can be dated the late Bronze Age and Early Hallstatt periods and relate to the Sabatinovka and Noua cultures, as well as to different early Hallstatt groups. Of special interest is the hoard from Brăneşti containing some types of items which until now were not known on the territories to the west from the Dniester. Also, remarkable is the structure of these two hoards, which may indicate a votive character of their deposition.

  2. The Late Miocene species .i.Ochotona kalfense./i. (Mammalia, Lagomorpha) of Moldova: The oldest European record of the genus in the context of the earliest Ochotoninae

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čermák, Stanislav

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 15, č. 8 (2016), s. 927-940 ISSN 1631-0683 Institutional support: RVO:67985831 Keywords : Early Ochotoninae * taxonomy * palaeobiogeography * Proochotona * Bellatonoides * Kalfa Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 1.376, year: 2016

  3. Modalităţile de desfacere a căsătoriei conform legislaţiei Republicii Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cebotari Valentina

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Family was and remain the natural and basic element of the society. State protects the family that is the swing of children education and multilateral development of each personality. Any person which reached the matrimonial age can free enter into marriage and form a family. At the same time, any person can request the divorce when the cohabitation in his family is impossible. Taking into account the importance of family, the liability of its members, to each other, and the effects, most often negative, on the spouses and childrens, the legislator strictly regulate the marriage dissolution order. The methods of marriage dissolution are provided in the Family Code, Law on civil status acts and Civil Procedural Code. The analyze of legal provisions, in order to strictly respect them, as well the exposure of some opinions regarding divorce and taking measures in order to prevent the divorce and strengthen the family, were the basis of this article.

  4. THE CLIENTS’ DEGREE OF CREDIBILITY AND TRUSTABILITY IN THE BANKING SECTOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE BANK FAILURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela CIOBU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The number of banks which face problems (besides the three banks that have become bankrupt has increased making the clients to worry about their money held in banks. The main is that not all the banking sector is facing instability; some banks register good results and have a competitive and stable position on the market. With all these, due to the bad rumours, people lost credibility and loyalty. The created bad reputation of the banking sector should be broken by implementing new and more suitable policies, new strategies oriented towards clients’ satisfaction and realization. The banks’ main mission is to make people to believe in them as usually.

  5. Cercetări geospaţiale şi arheologice în microzona Horodişte-Ţipova (raionul Rezina, Republica Moldova / Geospatial and archaeological research in the micro-zone of Horodişte-Tipova (district Rezina, Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Niculiţă

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available From the right bank of the Dniester, north of the village of Ţipova (Rezina District begins a deep gorge with steep slopes. Near the village of Horodişte the gorge divides, forming a network of canyons which, in turn, outline a series of headlands. As a result of study of orthophotoplans and archaeological reconnaissance in the micro-zone there was discovered an "agglomeration" of sites, consisting of six fortifications (Horodişte „La Cot", Horodişte „La Şanţ", Horodişte II, Buciuşca II, Buciuşca III, Ţipova III and two unfortified settlements. In order to investigate the defense system and to determine the period of its functioning at Horodişte „La Cot" and Horodişte „La Şanţ" an archeological research was carried out. As a result, it was found that these fortified settlements were surrounded by "walls" consisting of two wooden facings with a filling of earth and stone. The archaeological materials recovered from the filling of the "walls" indicate that the fortification of Horodişte „La Şanţ" functioned during the early Hallstatt (Cozia-Saharna culture, and one of Horodişte „La Cot" - in the 4th - 3rd centuries BC. Based on the compact arrangement of fortifications and unfortified settlements in the micro-zone of Horodişte-Tipova, it can be assumed the existence of some formation in this space, the "administrative center" of which was the fortress of Horodişte "La Cot". The period of its existence is still not clear. But if we take into account that most of the fortified and unfortified settlements in the Middle Dniester region functioned since the early Iron Age, it can be assumed that the community of the Horodişte-Tipova area settled down here around that time. However, it reaches its peak of development in the 4th - 3rd centuries BC, as well as neighboring communities around Saharna.

  6. Tuulelohe lend 2008 : Juhan Parts kutsus tööstureid arutelule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kokkuvõte majandusfoorumist, kus arutati Eesti majanduspoliitika ja tööstuse tulevikku. Arutlevad majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts, teadlane Endel Lippmaa, Eesti Telekomi juhatuse esimees Valdo Kalm, Eesti Arengufondi nõukogu esimees Indrek Neivelt ja AS-i Standard juhatuse esimees Enn Veskimägi

  7. Millest Baltimaade väljapanek rääkis ja kuidas ta kohapeal mõjus? / Tomomi Hayashi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hayashi, Tomomi, 1971-

    2011-01-01

    Balti Arhitektide Liitude Assotsiatsiooni (BAUA) väljapanekust "Maakera - jaga oma visiooni ja kujunda oma keskkonna tulevikku" (autor Mark Grimitliht, kuraator Tomomi Hayashi, Eesti) Rahvusvahelise Arhitektide Liidu (UIA) maailmakongressil "Design 2050 - Beyond Disasters, through Solidarity, towards Sustainability" Tokyos 25.-28.09.2011

  8. Otto von Habsburg : III maailmasõda on läbi / Otto von Habsburg ; interv. Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habsburg, Otto von, 1912-2011

    2002-01-01

    Otto von Habsburg vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Euroopa konvendi presidendi teadet, et Türgi koht ei ole EL-is, Iraagi võimalikku ründamist, Hiina ja Venemaa suhteid, Tšetšeeniat, tshetsheene ja terrorismi, Venemaa, EL-i ja USA suhteid, III maailmasõda, Eesti Vabariigi tulevikku

  9. Morten Lund: Eesti Skype'i programmeerijad on planeedi nutikaimad inimesed / Morten Lund ; intervjueerinud Kaspar Näf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lund, Morten, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Skype'i rahastaja, riskiinvestor Morten Lund vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad riskiinvestorite erinevust investeerimispankuritest, riskikapitali investoriks saamist, investeerimist majanduskriisi ajal, Skype'i investeerimist ja tulevikku, Eesti konkurentsivõimet innovaatilisest apektist ning käimasolevaid ja lõppenud projekte

  10. Mida tulevikuga peale hakata? / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Kaku, Michio. Tulevikufüüsika : kuidas teadus aastal 2100 kujundab inimsaatust ja meie igapäevast elu / tlk. Arko Olesk. Tallinn : Pilgrim, 2013 ; Stevenson, Mark. Optimisti teekond tulevikku : üks uudishimulik sell tahab teada: mis saab edasi? / tlk. Vahur Lokk. Tallinn : Äripäev, 2013

  11. Res Publica kogub uut hoogu / Andres Jalak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jalak, Andres, 1953-

    2005-01-01

    Kommenteerides Res Publica senise esimehe ja endise peaministri Juhan Partsi ning uueks esimeheks valitud Taavi Veskimäe kõnet Res Publica üldkogul, väljendab Res Publica fraktsiooni aseesimees usku, et Res Publica juhtimisel suudetakse 2007. aasta parlamendivalimistel taastada tulevikku suunatud mõtlemisega valitsus

  12. Euroopa Liit üritas hüpata üle oma varju / Andres Herkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herkel, Andres, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht 27. juuni 2008, lk. 2, Vooremaa 17. juuni 2008, lk. 2, Meie Maa 16. juuni lk. 2. Parlamendiliikme sõnul on EL tulevikku kujundada üritanud lepped liiga mahukad ja abstraktsed selleks, et olla referendumiküsimusena mõistetavad. Artikkel pärineb ajaveebist www.herkel.net

  13. Vaatab ja näeb teistmoodi / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Kui varem oli strateegilise planeerimise alus ettevõtetes see, kuidas tulevikku paremini ette näha, siis nüüd arutavad ettevõtted selle üle, kuidas tekitada uus turg ja uus nõudlus. Lennukifirmade Airbus ja Boeing erinev ettekujutus lennunduse arengust

  14. Design Lab 2005 : pilk steriilsesse elektrotulevikku

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Design Lab kutsub disainereid ja üliõpilasi üle terve maailma tegelema kaugemale tulevikku suunatud visioonidega. 2005. a. konkurss otsis nutikaid ja säästlikke lahendusi, mis võiksid 2020. a. kodudes olla juba juurdunud, keskenduti kodutehnikale

  15. Milline on Saare maakonna ettevõtjate koostöö / Vilma Rauniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rauniste, Vilma

    2007-01-01

    Saaremaa ettevõtete, omavalitsuste, koolitusasutuste ja riigi esindajad arutasid maakonna tulevikku. Vt. samas: Kohalviibinute arvamusi organisatsiooni loomise kohta. Arvamust avaldavad: Aadu Keskpaik, Marek Lepamets, Tullio Liblik, Villu Vatsfeld, Jüri Aus, Enn Meri, Riivo Asuja, Tarmo Sink, Robert Pajussaar, Kalle Koov

  16. Suur-Euroopa - Euroopa Liidu sõbralik Monroe' doktriin / Michael Emerson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Emerson, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Brüsselis on läinud käiku uus sõnavara, kuigi väljendid veel erinevad: Suur-Euroopa, lähialade poliitika, naabripoliitika, Suur-Euroopa doktriin. Ettekanne laienenud EL tulevikku arutleval Läänemere foorumil 3. ja 4. oktoobril 2002 Ahvenamaal. Lühendatud

  17. Meediahiiglane või meediasegadus? / Stanley Reed

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reed, Stanley

    2008-01-01

    Thomas H. Glocer kavatseb tulevikku muuta 157aastase uudisteagentuuri ja finantsandmegigandi Reutersi ning ajalehekirjastajana alustanud 78aastase äriteabeimpeeriumi Thomson abil. Glocer müüs Reutersi 15,6 miljardi dollari eest Thomsonile ning asus ise Thomson Reutersi juhi kohale. Vt. samas: Teabehiid

  18. Stoit li obshtshestvu na zerkalo penjat / Mirja-Tytti Talib ; interv. Julia Zalutskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talib, Mirja-Tytti

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas konverentsil ettekandega "Võõrkeelte õppimine Eesti koolides - minevikust tulevikku" esinenud Helsingi ülikooli professor vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad eesti keele õppimist, venelaste olukorda Eestis, keeleolukord Eestis, põliselanike rolli vähemusrahvuste edukas integreerimises ühiskonda, riigi ja õpetajate lähenemist integratsiooniküsimusele

  19. "Tõrjutud mälestused" on pannud soomlased Eesti ajaloost rääkima / Kätlin Jensen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jensen, Kätlin

    2006-01-01

    8. jaan. näidati Helsingi kinos BioRex dokumentaalfilmipäevade raames Imbi Paju filmi "Tõrjutud mälestused", millele järgnes paneelarutelu "Miks me ei või tulevikku kujundades minevikust mööda vaadata"

  20. "Uus tants 9" - kirju ja elujõuline / Evelin Lagle, Leenu Nigu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lagle, Evelin

    2009-01-01

    19.-21. märtsini Tallinna teatrites ja saalides toimunud üheksandast Eesti uue tantsu ülevaatefestivalist "Uus Tants 9". Tantsulavastustest "Sula jagu", "Kahe korruse rahvas", "Can't Get No / Satisfaction", "Lokaalis täna: Kann/Valkeapää", "Kass ennustab tulevikku inimesest paremini", "Hoffmann-Promenade"

  1. Adam Michnik: kriisis Euroopat ohustab rahvuslik egoism / Adam Michnik ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michnik, Adam, 1946-

    2009-01-01

    Poola suurima kvaliteetlehe Gazeta Wyborczka petoimetaja Adam Michnik vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad 2008. aastal alanud majanduskriisi, protektsionismi ja egoismi levikut, Ida-Euroopas levinud poliitilise ja majandusliku mudeli ümber hindamist, ladinaameerikalikku putinismi ja antikommunistlikku autoritaarsust ning trükiajakirjanduse tulevikku internetiajastul. Vt. samas: Elulugu

  2. Barcelona A ja B = Barcelona A and B / Inga Raukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raukas, Inga, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Barcelona arendamisest. Herzog ja de Meuroni büroos kavandatud Foorumi näitusekeskuses 2006. a. märtsist juuni alguseni avatud näitusest "Barcelona in Progress", mis püüab haarata eduloo ajalugu ja tulevikku. Bibliograafia lk. 71

  3. Fiktiivne auhinnagala Lõuna-Prantsusmaal / Madli Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Madli, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    6.-27. juuli - 61. Avignoni festival. Valitud etendusi Avignonist : Ariane Mnouchkine'i "Les Ephemeres", Faustin Linyekula "Dinosaurus", Fernardo Anuanga "Reis tulevikku", Sasha Waltz "insideout", Galin Stojevi "Genees nr 2", multimeediaalase kunsti- ja teatrigrupi Superamasi "Big 3rd episode. Happy/end", Guy Cassiersi "Mefisto for Ever", Krzysztof Warlikowski "Inglid Ameerikas", Raimund Hoghe tantsuetendus "36, Avenue Georges Mandel"

  4. Joint statement of the President, Speaker of the Riigikogu and Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Ene Ergma, Andrus Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese, Riigikogu spiikri Ene Ergma ja peaminister Andrus Ansipi ühisavaldus Teise maailmasõja lõpu 62. aastapäeva puhul 8. mail 2007, milles kinnitatakse, et hoolimata Teise maailmasõja ajaloolistest tõlgendustest on kõik Eestis elavad inimesed vabad ning jagavad ühist tulevikku

  5. Baltlaste maakera Jaapanis / Hindrek Kesler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kesler, Hindrek, 1958-

    2011-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise Arhitektide Liidu (UIA) 24. maailmakongress Tokyos 25.-28.09.2011. Balti Arhitektide Liitude Assotsiatsiooni (BAUA) eesistujamaa aastatel 2010-2013 on Läti, Eesti esindaja neis organisatsioonides Hindrek Kesler. BAUA väljapanekust "Maakera - jaga oma visiooni ja kujunda oma keskkonna tulevikku" (autor Mark Grimitliht, kuraator Tomomi Hayashi, Eesti) UIA sektsioonide ülevaatenäitusel

  6. Nõukogude arhitektuuripärandi nostalgia ja tulevik = Nostalgia and the future of soviet architecture's heritage / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2012-01-01

    Nostalgilisest ja operatiivsest lähenemisest nõukogude aja ehitusliku pärandiga suhestumisel. Autori sõnul on majade üks olulisi väärtusi nende lugudes, mis omakorda mõjutab nende kasutusväärtust, tulevikku ja meie suhet oma ümbrusesse

  7. Kurortnõi roman : energetika i tranzit / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2008-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts, IRL-i juht ja parlamendiliige Mart Laar ning kontserni Silmet Grupp juht Tiit Vähi kohtusid Ida-Virumaa suurettevõtete juhtidega. Arutati põlevkivienergeetika tulevikku, transiidiküsimusi ja Vene-Eesti suhteid

  8. Rauno Pukonen : Turule tulevad vaid oma klassi parimad rohud / Rauno Pukonen ; interv. Vilve Torn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukonen, Rauno

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise Ravimitootjate Liidu juhatuse esimees ja Eli Lilly Balti regiooni direktor vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad innovatiivsusest ja kvaliteedist lähtumise põhimõtet ravimitootmises, ravimihindade teket, firma 70 miljoni dollari suurust toetust tuberkuloosiprogrammile, firma tulevikku. Lisad: Eli Lilly & Co 130; Ajalugu

  9. Elamisväärse linna elukvaliteet ei ole seotud riigi või linna suurusega / Jan Gehl ; intervjueerinud Yoko Alender

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gehl, Jan, 1936-

    2015-01-01

    Yoko Alenderi (Yoko Oma OÜ) algatusel ja koostöös Eesti Kunstiakadeemiaga ilmus Taani urbanisti Jan Gehli raamat "Linnad inimestele" eesti keels. Yoko Alender selgitab projekti tagamaid ning uurib ka vanameistrilt endalt, mis teda elus ja töös tõdedeni on viinud ning kui helgena näeb ta linnade tulevikku

  10. Uus äriidee - lemmik saab netti konto / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2007-01-01

    Viis Eesti noort lõid portaali uniteddogsandcats.com, kuhu loomaomanikud saavad panna pilte oma koertest ja kassidest ning kirjutada lahti nende päevasündmusi. Vt. samas: Koer.ee omanik Hedvig Tahlfeldt: portaalidel on tulevikku. Kommenteerivad Jüri Kaljundi ja Andrei Korobeinik

  11. Venemaa pikendab ise oma teed WTOsse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Pärast USA kriitikat seoses Gruusia sõjaga otsustas Venemaa katkestada koostöö 19 USA kanaliha importiva firmaga ning kaitsta oma turgu Ukraina kaupade eest. Kaubanduspiirangud USA ja Ukraina suunal lükkavad Venemaa WTOsse astumise määramata tulevikku

  12. Raimo Pullat kohtus Lech Wałesaga / Harda Roosna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessor Raimo Pullat kohtus Poola ekspresidendi Lech Wałesaga Gdanski tehnikakõrgkooli 110. aastapäeva pidustustel, kuhu ta oli kutsutud kui peatselt valmiva teose "Värav tulevikku. Ganzigi Tehnikakõrgkool Eesti haritlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939" autor

  13. Kes on Eesti Obama? Lihtne küsimus / Raimo Ülavere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ülavere, Raimo, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    USA president Barack Obama on oma esimese 11 töönädalaga "rääkinud" üles inimeste usu tulevikku. Autor arutleb, kas mõni Eesti ühiskonna liidritest, sealhulgas president, oleks selleks võimeline. Autor näeb lahendust pigem kodanikualgatuses ning soovitab osaleda "Minu Eesti" mõttetalgutel

  14. Non-enzymatic browning in citrus juice: chemical markers, their detection and ways to improve product quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bharate, Sonali S; Bharate, Sandip B

    2014-10-01

    Citrus juices are widely consumed due to their nutritional benefits and variety of pharmacological properties. Non-enzymatic browning (NEB) is one of the most important chemical reactions responsible for quality and color changes during the heating or prolonged storage of citrus products. The present review covers various aspects of NEB in citrus juice viz. chemistry of NEB, identifiable markers of NEB, analytical methods to identify NEB markers and ways to improve the quality of citrus juice. 2,5-Dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3(2H)-furanone (DMHF) is one of the promising marker formed during browning process with number of analytical methods reported for its analysis; therefore it can be used as an indicator for NEB process. Amongst analytical methods reported, RP-HPLC is more sensitive and accurate method, which can be used as analytical tool. NEB can be prevented by removal of amino acids/ proteins (via ion exchange treatment) or by targeting NEB reactions (e.g. blockage of furfural/ HMF by sulphiting agent).

  15. Consequences of dry period length and dietary energy source on physiological health variables in dairy cows and calves

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mayasari, Nova

    2017-01-01

    During the transition period, dairy cows experience a negative energy balance (NEB) caused by the high energy requirement for milk yield, while feed intake is limited. Severity of the NEB has been associated with an increased incidence of metabolic disorders and infectious

  16. Fellowship | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences · Resonance – Journal of Science ... Address: Director - Research, The Talwar Research Foundation, E-6&8, NEB Valley, Neb ... All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, U.T. .... Address: Visiting Scientist, International Centre for Genetic Engineering ...

  17. Immunohistochemical characterization of the chemosensory pulmonary neuroepithelial bodies in the naked mole-rat reveals a unique adaptive phenotype.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Pan

    Full Text Available The pulmonary neuroepithelial bodies (NEBs constitute polymodal airway chemosensors for monitoring and signaling ambient gas concentrations (pO2, pCO2/H+ via complex innervation to the brain stem controlling breathing. NEBs produce the bioactive amine, serotonin (5-HT, and a variety of peptides with multiple effects on lung physiology and other organ systems. NEBs in mammals appear prominent and numerous during fetal and neonatal periods, and decline in the post-natal period suggesting an important role during perinatal adaptation. The naked mole-rat (NMR, Heterocephalus glaber, has adapted to the extreme environmental conditions of living in subterranean burrows in large colonies (up to 300 colony mates. The crowded, unventilated burrows are environments of severe hypoxia and hypercapnia. However, NMRs adjust readily to above ground conditions. The chemosensory NEBs of this species were characterized and compared to those of the conventional Wistar rat (WR to identify similarities and differences that could explain the NMR's adaptability to environments. A multilabel immunohistochemical analysis combined with confocal microscopy revealed that the expression patterns of amine, peptide, neuroendocrine, innervation markers and chemosensor component proteins in NEBs of NMR were similar to that of WR. However, we found the following differences: 1 NEBs in both neonatal and adult NMR lungs were significantly larger and more numerous as compared to WR; 2 NEBs in NMR had a more variable compact cell organization and exhibited significant differences in the expression of adhesion proteins; 3 NMR NEBs showed a significantly greater ratio of 5-HT positive cells with an abundance of 5-HT; 4 NEBs in NMR expressed the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA and the neurogenic gene (MASH1 indicating active proliferation and a state of persistent differentiation. Taken together our findings suggest that NEBs in lungs of NMR are in a hyperactive, functional

  18. Immunohistochemical characterization of the chemosensory pulmonary neuroepithelial bodies in the naked mole-rat reveals a unique adaptive phenotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Jie; Park, Thomas J; Cutz, Ernest; Yeger, Herman

    2014-01-01

    The pulmonary neuroepithelial bodies (NEBs) constitute polymodal airway chemosensors for monitoring and signaling ambient gas concentrations (pO2, pCO2/H+) via complex innervation to the brain stem controlling breathing. NEBs produce the bioactive amine, serotonin (5-HT), and a variety of peptides with multiple effects on lung physiology and other organ systems. NEBs in mammals appear prominent and numerous during fetal and neonatal periods, and decline in the post-natal period suggesting an important role during perinatal adaptation. The naked mole-rat (NMR), Heterocephalus glaber, has adapted to the extreme environmental conditions of living in subterranean burrows in large colonies (up to 300 colony mates). The crowded, unventilated burrows are environments of severe hypoxia and hypercapnia. However, NMRs adjust readily to above ground conditions. The chemosensory NEBs of this species were characterized and compared to those of the conventional Wistar rat (WR) to identify similarities and differences that could explain the NMR's adaptability to environments. A multilabel immunohistochemical analysis combined with confocal microscopy revealed that the expression patterns of amine, peptide, neuroendocrine, innervation markers and chemosensor component proteins in NEBs of NMR were similar to that of WR. However, we found the following differences: 1) NEBs in both neonatal and adult NMR lungs were significantly larger and more numerous as compared to WR; 2) NEBs in NMR had a more variable compact cell organization and exhibited significant differences in the expression of adhesion proteins; 3) NMR NEBs showed a significantly greater ratio of 5-HT positive cells with an abundance of 5-HT; 4) NEBs in NMR expressed the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and the neurogenic gene (MASH1) indicating active proliferation and a state of persistent differentiation. Taken together our findings suggest that NEBs in lungs of NMR are in a hyperactive, functional and

  19. COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION: DOD Has Adequate Oversight of Assistance, but Procedural Limitations Remain

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    ... more than $3 billion for the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) program to help Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Moldova, and Georgia secure and eliminate weapons of mass destruction...

  20. STATE OF MOLDOVA’S TOURISM INDUSTRY IN CONDITIONS OF MODERN STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT MECHANISMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina CROTENCO

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article is investigated the current state of the tourism industry in Moldova. Is analyzed statistical reporting data on inbound and outbound tourism in Moldova by years and by countries– suppliers and consumers of tourists. Based on mathematical methods are quantitatively calculated trends in the dynamics of inbound and outbound tourism and is proposed a forecast of their changes in the short term. Is analyzed the state of the tourism competitiveness in Moldova in the travel and tourism competitiveness ranking by the World Economic Forum. Are described the strategic management mechanisms of the tourism industry of Moldova and formulated conclusions on their development.

  1. Moldavian Crisis Response: A Strategic Concept for Effective Inter-Ministerial Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fondos, Aurel

    2004-01-01

    .... The author analyzes Moldova's inter-ministerial and departmental strategic decision making processes and proposes improvements to those processes, to the doctrine underlying the processes, and to the...

  2. Mammary gene expression profiles during an intramammary challenge reveal potential mechanisms linking negative energy balance with impaired immune response

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moyes, Kasey; Drackley, J K; Morin, D E

    2010-01-01

    Our objective was to compare mammary tissue gene expression profiles during a Streptococcus uberis (S. uberis) mastitis challenge between lactating cows subjected to dietary-induced negative energy balance (NEB; n = 5) and cows fed ad libitum to maintain positive energy balance (PEB; n = 5...... 0.05), with 86 DEG up-regulated and 201 DEG down-regulated. Canonical pathways most affected by NEB were IL-8 Signaling (10 genes), Glucocorticoid Receptor Signaling (13), and NRF2-mediated Oxidative Stress Response (10). Among genes differentially expressed by NEB, Cell Growth and Proliferation (48...

  3. Importanța și oportunitatea activității practico-științifice a judecătorului la exercitarea și consolidarea actului de justiție in Republica Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Furdui Sergiu

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Activity on justice court under authority delegated by law, as a spear tip in the exercise of rule of law, is monitored and watched very carefully by the public and thus the scientific-practical activity, which is a part, is expressed most clearly and clear views on issues of law hearing the proceedings. Practical and scientific Activity meets the various court actions, such as developing and publishing opinions on the problems faced by law, teaching activity - teachers, trainers at the National Institute of Justice, the preparation and presentation to conferences, seminars, symposiums, participation in working group drafting the law, decisions explanatory speeches in public debates on legal issues, etc.. Without claiming to be relevant or achieve perfect degree, mention that not all actions that form the practical activity - scientific judge, either in terms of approach and motivation, or just below that of legality made solutions, are immune from criticism; their promotion is designed to foster the exchange of professional opinion affirming judge for training and as representative of the judiciary. In that article I presented an important direction of the judge to stage contemporary work on this line of thought, consider that some of the things that are done will find their solution in the near future, while others still may not be aware and therefore made, decision makers will stand out, because the concern of judges to materialize in concrete scientific practical work and effective.

  4. Hristos Euharistic în colecţia de icoane a Muzeului Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei / Eucharistic icons of Jesus Christ in the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelaida Chiroşca

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Many icons from the collection of the Museum are devoted to the theme of the Eucharist - the iconographic types of "The Last Supper" and "Jesus Christ "The Vine". This article presents an iconographic type less well-known in our area - "Jesus Christ "The Vine", which is reflected on the three icons from the museum. Eucharist is one of the great sacraments in which Jesus Christ, presaging the sacrifice of the Cross, gives his disciples bread and wine in the chalice referring to the bread as "my body" and the wine as "my blood". Icons from the Museum's collection represent the general scheme of this type of icons: the Savior is depicted sitting on the altar table, behind Him - the Cross, vines with grapes grows from His rib and He presses the grapes with both hands into the chalice, supported by an angel. On the left side another angel holds a large rolled scroll. On the two icons, in the upper part of the composition, two angels hold scrolls with inscriptions, on one of the icons in the Romanian language, on the other in the Old Slavonic: "one who eats My Body", "one who drinks My Blood".

  5. Cum să transferi modele “europene” în Moldova? Reflectînd asupra motivelor de a stabili Programul Uniunii Europene Erasmus Mundus și de a participa în cadrul acestuia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helga Zichner

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the framework of its Neighbourhood Policy (ENP, the EU opens up certain facets of its education policy for members of the educational systems of the direct neighbour countries. Bearing in mind the important role of education for processes of nation building and the related formation of citizens, I analyse the meanings of this expansion because the reordering of the relations with the new neighbours after the last enlargement of the EU is one of the main aims of the ENP. In the paper I would like to address this issue from two perspectives: Firstly, I want to take a look at the rhetoric employed in EU documents on internal and external education policy. Drawing on the concept of citizenship and its double role for differentiating between insiders and outsiders of a community and relating individuals to a political community, the question arises as to what kind of integration the EU intends for formal non-EU citizens by offering them certain opportunities of participation. The thesis is that the attitude towards participants from non-member states remains without a clear “finalite”, thus reflecting one of the overall problems of the ENP. Secondly, I want to look at the level of individual participants in the programme Erasmus Mundus and the meanings their stays abroad have for them. I will show to what extent their experiences abroad had an impact on their daily practices as citizens of their countries.

  6. Ottomani pärijad Euroopasse? / Immanuel Wallerstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wallerstein, Immanuel

    2004-01-01

    Türgi ajaloost, läänestumisest ning seostest Euroopaga. Autori hinnangul saab otsuse langetamisel Türgi liitumise kohta Euroopa Liiduga määravaks, kas Euroopa näeb oma tulevikku sekulaarse või kristlikuna; Türgi väljajätmine võib põhjustada aga tasakaalunihke Lähis-Idas ja suurendada Türgis radikaalse islami mõju

  7. Ilves sõitis Saksamaale ja Hollandisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves sõitis töövisiidile Saksamaale ja Hollandisse. President osaleb Berliinis konverentsil "Kontinentide konkurents - tulevikku kujundavad Saksamaa ja Euroopa" ning kohtub Saksamaa parlamendisaadikutega. Haagis kohtuvad T. H. Ilves ja proua Evelin Ilves Madalmaade kuninganna Beatrix'i, välisminister Maxime Jacques Marcel Verhageni ja Haagi linnapeaga ning külastavad dirigent Neeme Järvi 70. sünnipäeva kontserti

  8. Euroopal jätkub väljakutseid ka peale laienemist / Joseph Daul ; interv. Kaja Sõrg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Daul, Joseph

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi Euroopa Rahvapartei ja Euroopa Demokraatide fraktsiooni esimees Joseph Daul vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad fraktsiooni järgnevate aastate prioriteete, fraktsiooni peamisi saavutusi käesoleva koosseisu ajal, Euroopa ühise põllumajanduspoliitika tulevikku, fraktsioonikaaslase Tunne Kelami osalust fraktsiooni töös ning Euroopa Parlamendi ametliku asukoha võimalikku viimist Strasbourg'ist Brüsselisse

  9. Miks Eesti soost Steve Jurvetson peab nanotehnoloogiat järgmiseks suureks asjaks / Richard Waters ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Waters, Richard

    2005-01-01

    Steve Jurvetsoni hinnangul muutuvad nanotehnoloogilise revolutsiooni tulemused nähtavaks järgmise 3-5 aasta jooksul. Ettevõtjatel soovitab ta mitte karta mõelda suurelt ja oodata tulevikku, mis võib veel praegu näida fantastiline. Tema sõnul on Interneti ajalugu juba jõudnud punkti, kus äri muutvad sündmused on saamas reaalsuseks. Lisa: Steve Jurvetsoni tulevikuvisioon

  10. Elustatud mälupiltide õhtu / Hannes Oja ; fotod: Hannes Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Hannes

    2004-01-01

    16. okt. 2004 tähistati Torontos Tartu College'is Eestist põgenemise 60. aastapäeva üritusega "Teel tundmatusse tulevikku", oma põgenemismälestusi rääkisid Tartu College'i Elulugude Kirjutajate Rühma liikmed, kelle memuaaridest on äsja ilmunud ka raamatu "Mälutunglad" III köide

  11. Energy partitioning in dairy cows : effects of lipogenic and glucogenic diets on energy balance, metabolites and reproduction variables in early lactation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knegsel, van A.T.M.

    2007-01-01

    Keywords: dairy cows; dietary energy source; glucogenic nutrients; lipogenic nutrients; negative energy balance; metabolic disorders; reproduction, immune system Dairy cows experience a negative energy balance (NEB) in early lactation which results from high energy requirements for milk production

  12. Predisposition of cows to mastitis in non-infected mammary glands: effects of dietary-induced negative energy balance during mid-lactation on immune-related genes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moyes, Kasey; Drackley, James K; Morin, Dawn E

    2011-01-01

    Cows experiencing severe postpartal negative energy balance (NEB) are at greater risk of developing mastitis than cows in positive energy balance (PEB). Our objectives were to compare mammary tissue gene expression profiles between lactating cows (n = 5/treatment) subjected to feed restriction...... to induce NEB and cows fed ad libitum to maintain PEB in order to identify genes involved in immune response and cellular metabolism that may predispose cows to an intramammary infection in non-infected mammary gland. The NEB cows were feed-restricted to 60% of calculated net energy for lactation...... requirements, and cows fed PEB cows were fed the same diet ad libitum. At 5 days after feed restriction, one rear mammary gland from all cows was biopsied for RNA extraction and transcript profiling using microarray and quantitative PCR. Energy balance (NEB vs. PEB) resulted in 278 differentially expressed...

  13. Genome-wide analysis identifies 12 loci influencing human reproductive behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barban, Nicola; Jansen, Rick; de Vlaming, Ronald; Vaez, Ahmad; Mandemakers, Jornt J.; Tropf, Felix C.; Shen, Xia; Wilson, James F.; Chasman, Daniel I.; Nolte, Ilja M.; Tragante, Vinicius; van der Laan, Sander W.; Perry, John R. B.; Kong, Augustine; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer; Albrecht, Eva; Yerges-Armstrong, Laura; Atzmon, Gil; Auro, Kirsi; Ayers, Kristin; Bakshi, Andrew; Ben-Avraham, Danny; Berger, Klaus; Bergman, Aviv; Bertram, Lars; Bielak, Lawrence F.; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Bonder, Marc Jan; Broer, Linda; Bui, Minh; Barbieri, Caterina; Cavadino, Alana; Chavarro, Jorge E; Turman, Constance; Concas, Maria Pina; Cordell, Heather J.; Davies, Gail; Eibich, Peter; Eriksson, Nicholas; Esko, Tõnu; Eriksson, Joel; Falahi, Fahimeh; Felix, Janine F.; Fontana, Mark Alan; Franke, Lude; Gandin, Ilaria; Gaskins, Audrey J.; Gieger, Christian; Gunderson, Erica P.; Guo, Xiuqing; Hayward, Caroline; He, Chunyan; Hofer, Edith; Huang, Hongyan; Joshi, Peter K.; Kanoni, Stavroula; Karlsson, Robert; Kiechl, Stefan; Kifley, Annette; Kluttig, Alexander; Kraft, Peter; Lagou, Vasiliki; Lecoeur, Cecile; Lahti, Jari; Li-Gao, Ruifang; Lind, Penelope A.; Liu, Tian; Makalic, Enes; Mamasoula, Crysovalanto; Matteson, Lindsay; Mbarek, Hamdi; McArdle, Patrick F.; McMahon, George; Meddens, S. Fleur W.; Mihailov, Evelin; Miller, Mike; Missmer, Stacey A.; Monnereau, Claire; van der Most, Peter J.; Myhre, Ronny; Nalls, Mike A.; Nutile, Teresa; Panagiota, Kalafati Ioanna; Porcu, Eleonora; Prokopenko, Inga; Rajan, Kumar B.; Rich-Edwards, Janet; Rietveld, Cornelius A.; Robino, Antonietta; Rose, Lynda M.; Rueedi, Rico; Ryan, Kathy; Saba, Yasaman; Schmidt, Daniel; Smith, Jennifer A.; Stolk, Lisette; Streeten, Elizabeth; Tonjes, Anke; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Ulivi, Sheila; Wedenoja, Juho; Wellmann, Juergen; Willeit, Peter; Yao, Jie; Yengo, Loic; Zhao, Jing Hua; Zhao, Wei; Zhernakova, Daria V.; Amin, Najaf; Andrews, Howard; Balkau, Beverley; Barzilai, Nir; Bergmann, Sven; Biino, Ginevra; Bisgaard, Hans; Bønnelykke, Klaus; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Buring, Julie E.; Campbell, Harry; Cappellani, Stefania; Ciullo, Marina; Cox, Simon R.; Cucca, Francesco; Daniela, Toniolo; Davey-Smith, George; Deary, Ian J.; Dedoussis, George; Deloukas, Panos; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; de Geus, Eco JC.; Eriksson, Johan G.; Evans, Denis A.; Faul, Jessica D.; Felicita, Sala Cinzia; Froguel, Philippe; Gasparini, Paolo; Girotto, Giorgia; Grabe, Hans-Jörgen; Greiser, Karin Halina; Groenen, Patrick J.F.; de Haan, Hugoline G.; Haerting, Johannes; Harris, Tamara B.; Heath, Andrew C.; Heikkilä, Kauko; Hofman, Albert; Homuth, Georg; Holliday, Elizabeth G; Hopper, John; Hypponen, Elina; Jacobsson, Bo; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Johannesson, Magnus; Jugessur, Astanand; Kähönen, Mika; Kajantie, Eero; Kardia, Sharon L.R.; Keavney, Bernard; Kolcic, Ivana; Koponen, Päivikki; Kovacs, Peter; Kronenberg, Florian; Kutalik, Zoltan; La Bianca, Martina; Lachance, Genevieve; Iacono, William; Lai, Sandra; Lehtimäki, Terho; Liewald, David C; Lindgren, Cecilia; Liu, Yongmei; Luben, Robert; Lucht, Michael; Luoto, Riitta; Magnus, Per; Magnusson, Patrik K.E.; Martin, Nicholas G.; McGue, Matt; McQuillan, Ruth; Medland, Sarah E.; Meisinger, Christa; Mellström, Dan; Metspalu, Andres; Michela, Traglia; Milani, Lili; Mitchell, Paul; Montgomery, Grant W.; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis; de Mutsert, Renée; Nohr, Ellen A; Ohlsson, Claes; Olsen, Jørn; Ong, Ken K.; Paternoster, Lavinia; Pattie, Alison; Penninx, Brenda WJH; Perola, Markus; Peyser, Patricia A.; Pirastu, Mario; Polasek, Ozren; Power, Chris; Kaprio, Jaakko; Raffel, Leslie J.; Räikkönen, Katri; Raitakari, Olli; Ridker, Paul M.; Ring, Susan M.; Roll, Kathryn; Rudan, Igor; Ruggiero, Daniela; Rujescu, Dan; Salomaa, Veikko; Schlessinger, David; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold; Schupf, Nicole; Smit, Johannes; Sorice, Rossella; Spector, Tim D.; Starr, John M.; Stöckl, Doris; Strauch, Konstantin; Stumvoll, Michael; Swertz, Morris A.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Thurik, A. Roy; Timpson, Nicholas J.; Tönjes, Anke; Tung, Joyce Y.; Uitterlinden, André G.; Vaccargiu, Simona; Viikari, Jorma; Vitart, Veronique; Völzke, Henry; Vollenweider, Peter; Vuckovic, Dragana; Waage, Johannes; Wagner, Gert G.; Wang, Jie Jin; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Weir, David R.; Willemsen, Gonneke; Willeit, Johann; Wright, Alan F.; Zondervan, Krina T.; Stefansson, Kari; Krueger, Robert F.; Lee, James J.; Benjamin, Daniel J.; Cesarini, David; Koellinger, Philipp D.; den Hoed, Marcel; Snieder, Harold; Mills, Melinda C.

    2017-01-01

    The genetic architecture of human reproductive behavior – age at first birth (AFB) and number of children ever born (NEB) – has a strong relationship with fitness, human development, infertility and risk of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, very few genetic loci have been identified and the underlying mechanisms of AFB and NEB are poorly understood. We report the largest genome-wide association study to date of both sexes including 251,151 individuals for AFB and 343,072 for NEB. We identified 12 independent loci that are significantly associated with AFB and/or NEB in a SNP-based genome-wide association study, and four additional loci in a gene-based effort. These loci harbor genes that are likely to play a role – either directly or by affecting non-local gene expression – in human reproduction and infertility, thereby increasing our understanding of these complex traits. PMID:27798627

  14. 'Mälestus päikesest - kuhu küll jäi see...'; Tsarskoje Selos I, III; 'Talveingel talvepäeval...'; 'Sadu kordi olen neednud...'; Loti naine; Miikal; Itk; 'Oli taevas nii põhjatu, kõrge ja sinise laega...' : [luuletused] / Anna Ahmatova ; vene k

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ahmatova, Anna, pseud., 1889-1966

    1997-01-01

    Orig.: "Pamjat o solntse v serdtse slabejet..." ; V Tsarskom Sele I-III ; "Bozhi Angel, zimnim utrom..." ; "Stolko raz ja proklinala..." ; Lotova zhena ; Melhola ; Pritshitanije ; "Nebõvalaja ossen postroila kupol võssoki..."

  15. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. G KOROTCENKOV1 V BRINZARI2 B K CHO1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500712, Republic of Korea; Department of Theoretical Physics, State University of Moldova, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova ...

  16. Nuclear Energy Board Final Report 1973-1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-03-01

    The Nuclear Energy Board (NEB) will shortly cease to exist with its responsibilities being transferred to a new organisation the Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland (RPII), to be established under the Radiological Protection Act which became law in May 1991. This concluding statement issued by the Board on its dissolution, focuses attention on the important resource which the RPII will have at its disposal in the light of the experience of the NEB over the past 18 years

  17. First-Principles Study of Migration Mechanisms and Diffusion of Carbon in GaN (Open Access Publisher’s Version)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-21

    defects are obtained using the Nudged Elastic Band (NEB) method with the climbing image modification (CI-NEB). In addition, the Dimer method is used...GaN is still incomplete. The migration paths and barriers of carbon interstitials in GaN were investigated using density-functional theory (DFT) [19, 20...in conjunction with the climbing image nudged elastic 4th International Conference on Mathematical Modeling in Physical Sciences (IC-MSquare2015

  18. The Effect of Nebivolol versus Metoprolol Succinate Extended Release on Asymmetric Dimethylarginine in Hypertension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandavar, Ramprasad; Higashi, Yusuke; Chen, Wei; Blackstock, Christopher; Vaughn, Charlotte; Sukhanov, Sergiy; Sander, Gary E.; Roffidal, Louise E.; Delafontaine, Patrice; Giles, Thomas D.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives This study sought to determine if metoprolol succinate ER (MET), and nebivolol (NEB), a β1-AR with increased bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO), would have differing effects on plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine concentration in hypertensives. Background It was hypothesized that NEB, a β1-AR antagonist and β3-AR agonist with NO- releasing properties and MET, only a β1-AR antagonist, would have different effects on plasma ADMA concentration. Methods Forty-one hypertensive subjects randomly received either 50 mg of MET (n = 19) or 5 mg of NEB (n = 22) for 4 weeks followed by 100 mg MET and 10 mg NEB for 4 weeks. ADMA and IGF-1 were measured by ELISA kit; endothelial progenitor cells were estimated using fluorescein-labeled monoclonal antibody to KDR and CD133 receptors; arterial augmentation index was measured by radial tonometry. Results Baseline systolic/diastolic blood pressure was 155.1 ± 18.7/85.3 ± 12.5 mm Hg for MET subjects and 157.6 ± 20.7/87.1 ± 14.0 mm Hg for NEB subjects. Baseline ADMA was 0.32 ± 0.123 μmol/L in the MET group and 0.4035 ± 0.1378 in the NEB group. ADMA increased 44.78% and 72% in the MET group at weeks 4 and 8 (p < 0.05 for both), respectively, without increase in the NEB group. At week 8 augmentation index was increased in the MET group (p<0.05). IGF-1 and EPC were unchanged by treatment. Conclusions Plasma ADMA and augmentation index are increased in a dose-dependent fashion by MET but not with NEB. PMID:21251896

  19. No contribution of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes to the risk of neutropenia due to benzene exposure in Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Silvia Passos Lima

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Exposure to benzene has been associated with haematological diseases such as neutropenia (NEB and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML. We tested whether the null genotypes of the GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes, involved in benzene inactivation, altered the risk for NEB in southeastern Brazil. Genomic DNA from 55 NEB patients and 330 controls was analysed by multiplex-polymerase chain reaction. The frequency of the GSTM1, GSTT1 and combined null genotypes was similar in patients and controls (GSTM1, 27.3% vs. 38.8%, p = 0.16; GSTT1, 25.5% vs. 19.7%, p = 0.24; GSTM1/GSTT1, 12.7% vs. 6.7%, p = 0.26; respectively. The distribution of genotype classes in NEB patients was similar to normal controls, suggesting that GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes make no specific contribution to the risk of NEB. As the GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes were previously associated with increased risk for AML in Brazil and elsewhere, we hypothesise that different thresholds of chemical exposure relative to distinct GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes may determine whether AML or NEB manifests in benzene exposed individuals from southeastern Brazil. Although indicative, our results still require support by prospective and large scale epidemiological studies, with rigorous assessment of daily chemical exposures and control of the possible contribution of other polymorphic genes involved in benzene metabolism.

  20. Management of Meloidogyne incognita on tomato with endophytic bacteria and fresh residue of Wasabia japonica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, G J; Dong, Q E; Ma, L; Huang, Y; Zhu, M L; Ji, Y P; Wang, Q H; Mo, M H; Zhang, K Q

    2014-10-01

    To characterize the nematicidal endophytic bacteria (NEB) of Wasabia japonica (wasabi) and evaluated the control efficacies of promising NEB as well as fresh wasabi residue (FWR) against Meloidogyne incognita on tomato. By in vitro bioassay, 53 NEB strains showing nematicidal efficacies of >50% against J2 of M. incognita were isolated from wasabi. Basing on 16S rRNA gene sequences, these NEB were identified into 18 species of 11 genera. In greenhouse, incorporation of selected NEB culture or FWR into potted soil significantly reduced infection of M. incognita on tomato. Treating tomatoes with either FWR or NEB of Raoultella terrigena RN16 and Pseudomonas reinekei SN21 in the field yielded excellent control efficacies against M. incognita, especially the combinations of FWR with either R. terrigena RN16 or Ps. reinekei SN21 at doses of 50 g plus 100 ml per plant or more. The results established that R. terrigena RN16 and Ps. reinekei SN21 applied separately or combined with FWR have the potential to provide bioprotection agents against M. incognita. This study provides novel way for disease management using combination of endophyte and host residue. © 2014 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

  1. Rationale for nebivolol/valsartan combination for hypertension: review of preclinical and clinical data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Thomas D; Cockcroft, John R; Pitt, Bertram; Jakate, Abhijeet; Wright, Harold M

    2017-09-01

    : To treat hypertension, combining two or more antihypertensive drugs from different classes is often necessary. β-Blockers and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors, when combined, have been deemed 'less effective' based on partially overlapping mechanisms of action and limited evidence. Recently, the single-pill combination (SPC) of nebivolol (Neb) 5 mg - a vasodilatory β1-selective antagonist/β3 agonist - and valsartan 80 mg, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, was US Food and Drug Administration-approved for hypertension. Pharmacological profiles of Neb and valsartan, alone and combined, are well characterized. In addition, a large 8-week randomized trial in stages I-II hypertensive patients (N = 4161) demonstrated greater blood pressure-reducing efficacy for Neb/valsartan SPCs than component monotherapies with comparable tolerability. In a biomarkers substudy (N = 805), Neb/valsartan SPCs prevented valsartan-induced increases in plasma renin, and a greater reduction in plasma aldosterone was observed with the highest SPC dose vs. valsartan 320 mg/day. This review summarizes preclinical and clinical evidence supporting Neb/valsartan as an efficacious and well tolerated combination treatment for hypertension.

  2. Arctic Capability Inventory Tool User Guide: Version 2 (International References)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Liechtenstein,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Macedonia,Malta,MarshallIslands,Moldova,Mongolia, Montenegro ,Morocco,TheNetherlands,NewZealand,Norway,Oman...thattheirusewouldbedetrimental tohumansoranimalsor plants thatareusefultohumans;and (b)anywaterthatcontainsasubstanceinsucha...detrimentaltohumansoranimalsor plants thatareusefultohumans. Application Geographicalapplication 76.ThisDivisionappliesinrespect

  3. 8 CFR 236.1 - Apprehension, custody, and detention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... safety of other persons or of property. If an alien meets this burden, the alien must further demonstrate... Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova Mongolia Nigeria Philippines Poland 4 4...

  4. Paranormal phenomena

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaina, Alex

    1996-08-01

    Critical analysis is given of some paranormal phenomena events (UFO, healers, psychokinesis (telekinesis))reported in Moldova. It is argued that correct analysis of paranormal phenomena should be made in the framework of electromagnetism.

  5. Eshetu Yadeta Temesgen Abstract In franchise business the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    protect the franchisee from the information asymmetry and financial and technical power of ..... like China, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, ... Markets State Franchise Laws, Dealer Terminations, and the Auto Crisis.

  6. 15 CFR Supplement No. 2 to Part 745 - States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION... Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kiribati Kenya... Mauritania Mexico Micronesia Moldova (Republic of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Namibia...

  7. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 710 - States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya... Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Moldova... * For export control purposes, these destinations are identified using a different nomenclature under...

  8. Memoirs of incontestable documentary and artistic value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manea Mihail

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The presentation of the Memoirs, "Labyrinth of Destiny", signed by the first President of the Republic of Moldova, Mircea SNEGUR, Doctor Honoris Causa of the Academy of Public Administration, took place at the Academy.

  9. Internet: A place for patent retrieval

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GRACE

    2006-05-16

    May 16, 2006 ... Key words: Biotechnology, intellectual property rights, Patents, Internet application. INTRODUCTION. The principle objective of biotechnology is to produce ... Finland. France. Germany. Greek. Georgian. Hong Kong. Hungarian. Irsish. Italian. Japan. Korean. Luxemberg. Lithuania. Malaysian. Moldova.

  10. The Radiation Hygiene Department's activity in period of 1980-1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bahnarel, I.

    2009-01-01

    The paper analyzes 15 years activity of the Radiation Hygiene Department of the National Scientific-Practical Centre of Preventive Medicine, Republic of Moldova: historical aspect, personnel management, equipment, international cooperation, projects, advances and problems

  11. Health risk associated with ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coretchi, L.; Cucereanu, A.; Bahnarel, I.; Cernat, V.

    2009-01-01

    The analysis results of cancer structure morbidity of the population of thee Republic of Moldova for the period 1986-2007 years having been made on the basis of a collaboration agreement with the Institute of Oncology are presented in this paper. Excel file was used as the collected data registration instrument. Calculations of intensive and extensive indicator by districts, total for Republic of Moldova, territorial geographical areas, gender, age groups, using statistical methods, tumor topography have been made. (authors)

  12. PROBLEMS OF SOIL PROTECTION FROM EROSION

    OpenAIRE

    M. Voloshuk; Natalia Kiriak

    2007-01-01

    In this article the problems of soil protection from erosion in Moldova are considered. The history (evolution) of erosive processes is generalized, the first items of information on presence washed off soils are marked. Purposeful study of soil erosion, development of measures of struggle with it were begun in Moldova at the end of 40 years. In connection with transition to new economic methods of conducting economy (farmers, rent, privatization of land) before pedologist, the experts of des...

  13. Jevrorealistõ stshitajut variantõ prognoza / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2006-01-01

    Professor Ivar Raig analüüsib, kuidas on mõjutanud ja mõjutab Eesti majandust liitumine EL-iga. Tema arvates on juba märke, et majanduskasv lähematel aastatel väheneb. Euroskeptikud on seisukohal, et eurot ei saa kasutusele võtta ilma põhiseadust muutmata. Professori väitel ei ole Eesti valitsusel vastust küsimustele, millisena näeb Eesti EL-i tulevikku ja kellelga ta EL-is koostööd hakkab tegema

  14. Minevik ja tulevik. Mälestus ja unistus / Anneli Kõvamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõvamees, Anneli, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Suunatusest tulevikku, suunatusest minevikku ja oleviku olematusest "Tões ja õiguses". Sisaldab lõike A. H. Tammsaare romaanist "Tõde ja õigus" I, K. Ristikivi romaanist "Ei juhtunud midagi", M. Metsanurga romaanist "Soosaare", K. Ristikivi romaanist "Tuli ja raud", A. H. Tammsaare jutustusest "Tähtis päev", K. Ristikivi romaanist "Kõik, mis kunagi oli", A. Camus' lühiromaanist "Sisyphose müüt", H. C. Anderseni muinasjutust "Väike Merineitsi" ja E. v. Keyserlingi jutustusest "Õhtused majad"

  15. The task ahead: a Canadian federal regulator's perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brooks, F.F.

    1983-06-01

    The author discusses the role of the Canadian National Energy Board (NEB) in any possible future exports of nuclear-generated electric power. The federal government has already indicated that it would support New Brunswick Power in its efforts to develop a second reactor at Point Lepreau dedicated to power export, and that similar support would be extended to other utilities. The NEB Act requires that a proposed energy export be surplus to reasonable foreseeable Canadian requirements and that the price be just and reasonable. The output of a plant built for power exports would be surplus to Canadian needs, but the problem comes in determining if producing that surplus would result in a net benefit to Canadians. Negotiating sales contracts will not be easy; purchase of Canadian firm power is only one option among others available to US utilities. However, the Canadian policy framework exists and the NEB is ready to receive applications for export licences

  16. Maritimes natural gas market : an overview and assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Booth, G.

    2003-01-01

    In 1987, Canada's National Energy Board (NEB) adopted a market-based procedure (MBP) to assess long-term gas exports. The MPB included monitoring and assessment of Maritimes natural gas markets. The NEB is responsible for interprovincial and international oil and gas pipelines as well as tolls and tariffs on NEB-regulated pipelines. The NEB is also responsible for electricity and natural gas exports and exploration programs on federally regulated lands not covered by an Accord agreement. The province of New Brunswick requested a new set of rules for the export of natural gas from the Maritimes to ensure competitiveness with other jurisdictions. The NEB decided that the public interest is best served by allowing the market to work. It also decided that the developing Maritimes market faces several challenges not faced by buyers in the export market. It was concluded that the market is working reasonably well to meet the needs of domestic consumers. 20 per cent of Scotian gas is being used in the Maritimes and many laterals have been constructed to extend service. Most major population centres have natural gas. However, there is no residential or commercial natural gas service in Nova Scotia, and only limited penetration of natural gas in residential and commercial markets in New Brunswick. Maritimers have a long history of using other fuel options and must make capital investment to switch to natural gas. They must, therefore, be convinced that investment will pay off in fuel savings and other benefits. The NEB will have to improve price transparency and strive for regulatory efficiency and cooperation with other jurisdictions. 2 figs

  17. Mackenzie Gas Project reasons for decision GH-1-2004: Respecting all voices: our journey to a decision (Vol. 1); Technical decisions: implementing the decision (Vol 2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-12-15

    The proposed Mackenzie Gas Project (MGP) will deliver natural gas from 3 onshore natural gas fields via a 1,196 km pipeline extending from the Beaufort Sea to northwestern Alberta. This document described the MGP as a whole, as well as its production, gathering and processing systems and the transmission pipelines. The MGP is designed to transport 1.2 Bcf of natural gas per day, enough to supply about two-thirds of the 6 million Canadian households that used natural gas to heat their homes in 2009. The estimated cost of the project is $16 billion. Upon reviewing evidence of those who supported and those who opposed the project, the National Energy Board (NEB) decided that the project is in the public interest. In December 2010, the NEB approved the applications for the construction and operation of the MGP. In reaching this decision, the NEB considered the social, environmental and economic effects and listened to the views of Northerners and other parties. Approval of the applications for the MGP depends on more than 200 conditions regarding engineering, safety and environmental protection. If built, the NEB will monitor the project throughout its service life to ensure that all requirements are met. New economic activity from the project is expected to contribute to improved social conditions in the Mackenzie Valley and Beaufort Delta regions. Economic benefits would include purchases of services and materials from local businesses, creation of jobs, and increased flow of royalties, revenues and taxes. The engineering challenges in the North include cold temperatures, the presence of permafrost, and the potential for ground movement due to frost heave, thaw settlement, earthquakes and slope instability. The NEB is confident that the companies involved in the project are capable of designing, constructing and operating the proposed facilities. Actual construction must begin by the end of 2015 for this NEB approval to remain valid. tabs., figs.

  18. Genome-wide analysis identifies 12 loci influencing human reproductive behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barban, Nicola; Jansen, Rick; de Vlaming, Ronald

    2016-01-01

    The genetic architecture of human reproductive behavior-age at first birth (AFB) and number of children ever born (NEB)-has a strong relationship with fitness, human development, infertility and risk of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, very few genetic loci have been identified, and the under......The genetic architecture of human reproductive behavior-age at first birth (AFB) and number of children ever born (NEB)-has a strong relationship with fitness, human development, infertility and risk of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, very few genetic loci have been identified...

  19. Phenotypes, genotypes, and prevalence of congenital myopathies older than 5 years in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Witting, Nanna; Werlauff, Ulla; Duno, Morten

    2017-01-01

    .3% NEB mutations. Less than 5% had mutations in ACTA1, TPM2/3, MTM1, TTN, SEPN1, or SC4NA. A genetic cause was established in 83% with specific histology (cores/rods/centronuclear myopathy) vs 29% with unspecific histology. The detailed clinical examination found gene-dependent discrepancies...... in the pattern of muscle affection and walking ability. Although walking ability was delayed in patients with ACTA1, TPM2/3, and RYR1 mutations, it was within normal limits in patients with NEB and DNM2 mutations. CONCLUSIONS: We found that overall, genetic and histologic prevalence of congenital myopathy...

  20. Visual Snapshots of Intracellular Kinase Activity At The Onset of Mitosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Zhaohua; Dulyaninova, Natalya G.; Kumar, Sanjai; Bresnick, Anne R.; Lawrence, David S.

    2007-01-01

    Summary Visual snapshots of intracellular kinase activity can be acquired with exquisite temporal control using a light-activatable (caged) sensor, thereby providing a means to interrogate enzymatic activity at any point during the cell division cycle. Robust protein kinase activity transpires just prior to, but not immediately following, nuclear envelope breakdown (NEB). Furthermore, kinase activity is required for progression from prophase into metaphase. Finally, the application of selective protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors, in combination with the caged sensor, correlates the action of the PKC β isoform with subsequent NEB. PMID:18022564