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Sample records for moldova neb tulevikku

  1. Moldova president : SRÜ on minevik, EL meie tulevik / Vladimir Voronin ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voronin, Vladimir

    2005-01-01

    Moldova president vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Moldova arengut, kommunistide võimul püsimist riigis, Moldova püüdlemisest Euroopa Liidu poole, Moldova ja Rumeenia suhteid, Moldovast eraldunud Transnistria tulevikku. Kaart: Moldova. Kommenteerib Eesti Diplomaatide Kooli asedirektor Vahur Made

  2. Euroopa kaks tulevikku / Joschka Fischer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fischer, Joschka, 1948-

    2007-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Euroopa Liidu tulevikku, põhiseaduse lepingu väljavaateid ja rõhutab EL-i vajadust toime tulla üleilmsete väljakutsetega, sest 21. sajandil jätkub suurte riikide nagu Hiina, India, USA ja Jaapani tõus. EL-il on kaks võimalust: kas maailmaga kaasa minna või hääbuda, kirjutab autor

  3. Euroopa kaks tulevikku / Joschka Fischer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fischer, Joschka, 1948-

    2007-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Euroopa Liidu tulevikku, põhiseaduse lepingu väljavaateid ja rõhutab EL-i vajadust toime tulla üleilmsete väljakutsetega, sest 21. sajandil jätkub suurte riikide nagu Hiina, India, USA ja Jaapani tõus. EL-il on kaks võimalust: kas maailmaga kaasa minna või hääbuda, kirjutab autor

  4. PyNeb: Analysis of emission lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luridiana, V.; Morisset, C.; Shaw, R. A.

    2013-04-01

    PyNeb (previously PyNebular) is an update and expansion of the IRAF package NEBULAR; rewritten in Python, it is designed to be more user-friendly and powerful, increasing the speed, easiness of use, and graphic visualization of emission lines analysis. In PyNeb, the atom is represented as an n-level atom. For given density and temperature, PyNeb solves the equilibrium equations and determines the level populations. PyNeb can compute physical conditions from suitable diagnostic line ratios and level populations, critical densities and line emissivities, and can compute and display emissivity grids as a function of Te and Ne. It can also deredden line intensities, read and manage observational data, and plot and compare atomic data from different publications, and compute ionic abundances from line intensities and physical conditions and elemental abundances from ionic abundances and icfs.

  5. Efficiency of NEB-33 fortified fertilizers on growth and yield of pepper ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2008-04-03

    Apr 3, 2008 ... A two year field study was conducted in Institute of Agriculture Reasearch and ... + NEB, CD + NEB, PM + NEB and OM + NEB whereas in case of fruit yield, .... and means were separated by Duncan Multiple Range Test (SAS,.

  6. Moldova. Historic regional conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moshin, V

    1995-05-01

    The Directorate of Maternal and Child Health and the Family Planning Association of Moldova organized a regional conference, which was held October 18-19, 1994, in Kishinev, Moldova, with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). The conference,"Problems of Family Planning in Eastern Europe," was attended by approximately 400 Moldovan delegates of governmental and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and by 25 delegates from Romania, Russia, Belarus, the Ukraine, and Georgia. The President of Moldova and the Ministry of Public Health of Moldova gave their approval. The main objectives of the conference were to inform the public about the recommendations of the ICPD, to analyze the status of women's reproductive health and family planning in Eastern Europe, and to find ways of implementing the ICPD Plan of Action. Major problems identified during the conference were: 1) the social and economic problems facing most families; 2) the high rate of morbidity and mortality; 3) the decrease in birth rate; 4) the increase in abortions; 5) the rising incidence of venereal disease; and 6) the absence of an effective family planning system. It was agreed that cooperation between governments and NGOs is essential in designing population programs for each country. The following goals were set: 1) to provide populations with sufficient contraceptives; 2) to actively promote family planning concepts through the mass media; 3) to train specialists and to open family planning offices and centers; 4) to introduce sex education in the curricula of Pedagogical Institutes; and 5) to create national and regional statistical and sociological databases on population issues.

  7. Moldova soosikud - kommunistid / Marje Aksli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aksli, Marje

    2005-01-01

    6. märtsil toimuvatel Moldova parlamendivalimistel on rahval võimalus valida kas võimul olevaid kommuniste või opositsiooniühendusi Demokraatlik Moldova ja kristlikud demokraadid. Lisa: Opositsioon: valitsus ostab hääli. Vt. samas: Küsitlused: kommunistid lähevad võitma

  8. Corporate Governance Country Assessment : Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    This report provides an assessment of Moldova's corporate governance framework-its legal and policy framework, as well as enforcement and compliance practices. The report makes policy recommendations where appropriate, and provides investors with a benchmark to compare corporate governance with the 1999 OECD Principles of Corporate Governance. Moldova is beginning to upgrade its legal and ...

  9. MOLDOVA Where the Fine Wine Comes from

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Moldova is an ancient wine making region. The wine-making sector is one of the most important in Moldova, a traditional wine producer for many years, 25% of the country's exports and 9% of its gross output pertain to winemaking. This sector includes 25% of industrial working resources. Moldova vineyards occupy 2.3% of the world's territory planted with vineyards. The Republic of Moldova features in the list of the top ten wine and grape producing countries in the world.

  10. Moldova aitavad jalule majandusreformid / Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikko, Marianne, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Moldova on teinud Transnistria konflikti lahendamises panuse koostööle EL-iga ning on alustanud oma seaduste ühtlustamist EL-iga. Kirjeldades Moldova majanduse arengu teel seisvaid raskusi, on autor seisukoha, et eestlastel tasub moldovlasi aktiivsemalt nõustada, aidata arendada demokraatiat ning ellu viia majandusreforme. Lisa: Moldova tee Euroopasse

  11. Moldova kinnitab suunda Euroopale / Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikko, Marianne, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Moldova parlament võttis oma avaistungil vastu deklaratsiooni, mis kinnitas toetust ühinemisele EL-iga. Kommenteerides Moldova parlamendivalimiste tulemusi, ütleb Euroopa Parlamendi Moldova delegatsiooni juht, et nii Venemaal kui ka teistes SRÜ osades on tekkinud valitsejate hulgas ebakindlus ning selles peitub võimalus Euroopa välispoliitikale

  12. Labour Migration in Moldova: Context and Controls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaugas, Petru

    2004-01-01

    The Republic of Moldova proclaimed its independence in 1991. Like other republics of the former USSR, during the last decade of the Twentieth Century, Moldova initiated social and economic reforms aimed at the country's transition to a market economy. A series of relevant social changes were achieved in Moldova but, contrary to initial estimates,…

  13. National Energy Board (NEB) pipeline integrity management program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendershot, J. (National Energy Board, Calgary, AB (Canada))

    1999-01-01

    The National Energy Board (NEB) ensures the safe design, construction and operation of pipelines that cross provincial or national borders. Since 1991, there have been 22 major pipeline failures of which most were closed by corrosion, 5 from stress corrosion cracks, and 3 from slope stability problems. After a meeting of pipeline companies with the NEB, new regulations were put in place. The new regulations include: an emphasis on maintenance, a requirement for proactivity by owners and integrity management guidelines. While the integrity management guidelines are not regulations, they represent industry best practices, allow a degree of flexibility, and allow enforcement based on intent and the use of an audit process. The guidelines are comprised of a management system, a working records management system, condition monitoring, and mitigation.

  14. National Energy Board (NEB) pipeline integrity management program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendershot, J. [National Energy Board, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    1999-11-01

    The National Energy Board (NEB) ensures the safe design, construction and operation of pipelines that cross provincial or national borders. Since 1991, there have been 22 major pipeline failures of which most were closed by corrosion, 5 from stress corrosion cracks, and 3 from slope stability problems. After a meeting of pipeline companies with the NEB, new regulations were put in place. The new regulations include: an emphasis on maintenance, a requirement for proactivity by owners and integrity management guidelines. While the integrity management guidelines are not regulations, they represent industry best practices, allow a degree of flexibility, and allow enforcement based on intent and the use of an audit process. The guidelines are comprised of a management system, a working records management system, condition monitoring, and mitigation.

  15. MOLDOVA Where the Fine Wine Comes from

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Moldova is an ancient wine making region. The wine-making sector is one of the most important in Moldova, a traditional wine producer for many years, 25% of the country's exports and 9% of its gross output pertain to winemaking. This sector includes 25% of industrial working resources. Moldova vineyards occupy 2.3% of the world's territory planted with vineyards. The Republic of Moldova features in the list of the top ten wine and grape producing countries in the world.……

  16. Country news: focus on Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunz, K

    1996-09-01

    Moldova, like other newly independent states (NIS), is in urgent need of health education materials that address reproductive health and family planning concerns in the local language. The lack of such information has been cited as a major factor in the alarming rise in sexually transmitted disease (STD) transmission in Eastern Europe. A recent family health education mission to Moldova developed a strategy for a successful campaign. Health care professionals will be the first target group. A series of seminars and workshops will be directed at sex education teachers, hospital personnel, mass media representatives, and other relevant groups. In addition, four weekly television programs on breast feeding, infertility, STDs, and reproductive health are scheduled and simple informational brochures will be distributed. The plan will be linked to Healthy Lifestyle initiatives in the state.

  17. University Institutional Autonomy in Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Bugaian, Larisa

    analysed, adding up to approximately 8000 pages. These evaluation studies were conducted by the EUniAM Task Force teams in 2013 and reported in 2014. They commenced at the time when the Government of Moldova made changes to the financial autonomy of universities, allowing them inter alia to open own bank...... the data. Unobtrusive data in the form of laws regulating directly or indirectly the higher education system in Moldova, governmental and ministerial decrees, university chapters and organizational structures, and education records were collected and analysed. A total number of 144 documents have been...... accounts in a bank of their choosing, and keep and transfer the balance for the next reporting year. At this same time, the Ministry of Education together with the higher education community started working on the Code of Education. Although during this period data were a moving target, the Task Force...

  18. Modern Jewelry Art of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana CONDRATICOVA

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author examines some problems concerning formation of the jewelry industry in the territory of Bessarabia, Moldavian RSS and the Republic of Moldova, for the considerations that contemporary art jewelry is presented as a subject very poorly investigated, despite having an interest for historical researchers, the study art, ethnography and culturology. Are determinate some aspects of the evolution of different types of jewelry manufacturing workshops and articles Jewelry Plant “Giuvaier” from Chisinau, founded in 1972.

  19. ENERGY EFFICIENCY POLICY IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina GRIBINCEA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy is the dominant factor that determines the country’s welfare and influences all activity segments of society.To achieve continuous and sustainable economic development, energy sources must be adequate and safe, reasonably priced and ensure economic competitiveness of the country. This article will examine the essence ofenergy policy, stages of development and perspective directions for Moldova, oriented towards joining the European Union and cooperation with the CIS countries.

  20. National Observatory Report on Vocational Education and Training in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002

    The state of vocational education and training (VET) in Moldova was examined. The study focused on the following topics: Moldova's socioeconomic conditions; Moldova's labor market; governance of VET; Moldova's VET system; and anticipation of skill needs and standards. Selected findings were as follows: (1) the educational share of state…

  1. Linguistic Opportunism and English in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciscel, Matthew H.

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the role of English in Moldova. Building on Phillipson's concept of linguistic imperialism and Kachru's three concentric circles of world Englishes, proposes a weak form of linguistic dominance based on the notion of opportunism. The model is supported by data from a recent study of language attitudes and language use in Moldova. Data…

  2. Rumeenia-Moldova suhted muutuvad keerulisemaks / Ingrid Cristea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cristea, Ingrid

    2007-01-01

    Moldova pealinna kutsutud Rumeenia linnade delegatsioon saadeti Moldova piiripunktist tagasi, sest neil polnud kaasas originaalkutset. Intsident tõi kaasa Rumeenia presidendi ja välisministri terava reageeringu, Moldovalt nõudis selgitus Euroopa Komisjoni justiitsvolinik Franco Frattini

  3. Moldova, meist väiksem partnerriik / Madli Zobel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zobel, Madli, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    Moldova arengu kiirendamiseks on Eesti abistanud Moldovat IT- ja keskkonna valdkonnas, arenenud on parlamentidevaheline koostöö. Välisminister Urmas Paeti sõnul kasvab teistele riikidele, sealhulgas Moldaaviale antav humanitaarabi pidevalt. Lisa: Moldova

  4. Moldova vajab, et Euroopa teda usuks / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa Liiduga ühinemise eesmärgi püstitanud Moldova vajab, et ühendus toetaks tema püüdlusi. Ühenduse esimesteks sammudeks selles suunas on monitooringu alustamine Moldova-Ukraina piiril ja Euroopa Komisjoni esinduse avamine Chisinaus. Kaart, lisa: Moldova vabariik

  5. Evaluation of Existing Situation of University Institutional Autonomy in Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Gulieva, Valeria

    2014-01-01

    This chapter introduces four studies in which the current status of university institutional autonomy in Moldova is evaluated. At the same time it discusses the methodology employed in the study, provide a brief introduction to the higher education sector in Moldova and summaries key findings from...... the evaluation of organizational, financial, HR and academic autonomy in Moldova....

  6. Evaluation of Existing Situation of University Institutional Autonomy in Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Gulieva, Valeria

    2014-01-01

    This chapter introduces four studies in which the current status of university institutional autonomy in Moldova is evaluated. At the same time it discusses the methodology employed in the study, provide a brief introduction to the higher education sector in Moldova and summaries key findings from...... the evaluation of organizational, financial, HR and academic autonomy in Moldova....

  7. Paet offers full support to Moldova / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2010-01-01

    Välisminister Urmas Paet võttis osa Chişinăus toimunud Euroopa Liidu riikide välisministrite Moldova sõprade rühma kohtumisest, kus räägiti Moldova tegutsemisest Euroopa Liidu suunal. Välisministrid kohtusid ka Moldova peaministri Vladimir Filati ja riigi välisministri Iurie Leancaga

  8. Juubilar Raimo Pullat esitles raamatut "Värav tulevikku" / Harda Roosna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2015-01-01

    80. juubelisünnipäeva tähistav Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessor Raimo Pullat esitles Tallinnas Poola suursaatkonnas oma monograafiat "Värav tulevikku : Danzigi Tehnikaülikool Eesti tehnikaharitlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939". Tallinna linnavalitsus korraldab juubilari austamisõhtu Tallinna raekojas. Õhtu teemaks on "Üks mees ja kaks juubelit: Aastaraamat "Vana Tallinn" 25 ja Raimo Pullat 80". Raimo Pullati ajaloouurimustest

  9. Evaluation of NEB energy markets and supply monitoring function

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-09-01

    Canada's National Energy Board regulates the exports of oil, natural gas, natural gas liquids and electricity. It also regulates the construction, operation and tolls of international and interprovincial pipelines and power lines. It also monitors energy supply and market developments in Canada. The Board commissioned an evaluation of the monitoring function to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of the monitoring activities, to identify gaps in these activities and to propose recommendations. The objectives of the monitoring mandate are to provide Canadians with information regarding Canadian energy markets, energy supply and demand, and to ensure that exports of natural gas, oil, natural gas liquids and electricity do not occur at the detriment of Canadian energy users. The Board ensures that Canadians have access to domestically produced energy on terms that are as favourable as those available to export buyers. The following recommendations were proposed to improve the monitoring of energy markets and supply: (1) increase focus and analysis on the functioning of gas (first priority) and other commodity markets, (2) increase emphasis on forward-looking market analysis and issue identification, (3) demonstrate continued leadership by encouraging public dialogue on a wide range of energy market issues, (4) improve communication and increase visibility of the NEB within the stakeholder community, (5) build on knowledge management and organizational learning capabilities, (6) improve communication and sharing of information between the Applications and Commodities Business Units, and (7) enhance organizational effectiveness of the Commodities Business Unit. figs.

  10. Scientific computing infrastructure and services in Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogatencov, P. P.; Secrieru, G. V.; Degteariov, N. V.; Iliuha, N. P.

    2016-09-01

    In recent years distributed information processing and high-performance computing technologies (HPC, distributed Cloud and Grid computing infrastructures) for solving complex tasks with high demands of computing resources are actively developing. In Moldova the works on creation of high-performance and distributed computing infrastructures were started relatively recently due to participation in implementation of a number of international projects. Research teams from Moldova participated in a series of regional and pan-European projects that allowed them to begin forming the national heterogeneous computing infrastructure, get access to regional and European computing resources, and expand the range and areas of solving tasks.

  11. Nebulin (NEB) mutations in a childhood onset distal myopathy with rods and cores uncovered by next generation sequencing

    OpenAIRE

    Scoto, Mariacristina; Cullup, Thomas; Cirak, Sebahattin; Yau, Shu; Manzur, Adnan Y.; Feng, Lucy; Jacques, Thomas S; Anderson, Glenn; Abbs, Stephen; Sewry, Caroline; Jungbluth, Heinz; Muntoni, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    Recessive nebulin (NEB) mutations are a common cause of nemaline myopathy (NM), typically characterized by generalized weakness of early-onset and nemaline rods on muscle biopsy. Exceptional adult cases with additional cores and an isolated distal weakness have been reported. The large NEB gene with 183 exons has been an obstacle for the genetic work-up. Here we report a childhood-onset case with distal weakness and a core-rod myopathy, associated with recessive NEB mutations identified by ne...

  12. Uneasy Compromise: Language and Education in Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciscel, Matthew

    2008-01-01

    This study reports on the uneasy compromise in language and education policies in the post-Soviet Republic of Moldova since its first moves toward independence in 1989. Taking an approach that posits language policies as needing to be anchored in both international norms and the idiosyncrasies of local conditions, the discussion explores the…

  13. Clinical Translation of an Albumin-Binding PET Radiotracer 68Ga-NEB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jingjing; Lang, Lixin; Zhu, Zhaohui; Li, Fang; Niu, Gang; Chen, Xiaoyuan

    2017-01-01

    Suitably labeled Evans blue dye has been successfully applied to evaluate cardiac function, vascular permeability, and lymphatic imaging in preclinical settings. This study documented the first-inhuman application of 68Ga-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-N,N′,N″-triacetic acid (NOTA)-NEB. Methods The NOTA-conjugated truncated form of Evans blue, NEB, was labeled with 68Ga and tested in BALB/C mice for dynamic PET and ex vivo biodistribution studies. Three healthy volunteers (2 men and 1 woman) underwent 90-min whole-body dynamic PET. The absorbed doses for major organs and whole body were calculated using OLINDA/EXM software. Eleven patients with focal hepatic lesions diagnosed by enhanced CT or MR imaging were subjected to whole-body PET/CT acquisitions at 30 min after intravenous injection of 111–148 MBq (3–4 mCi) of 68Ga-NEB. Results NEB dye was labeled with 68Ga (half-time, 68 min) with high yield and purity. After intravenous injection, 68Ga-NEB formed a complex with serum albumin, thus most of the radioactivity was retained in blood circulation. The tracer was demonstrated to be safe in both healthy volunteers and recruited patients without side effects or allergies. Among the 11 patients, hemangiomas showed much higher 68Ga-NEB signal intensity than the surrounding normal hepatic tissues, whereas no apparent difference between lesions and hepatic tissues was identified on 18F-FDG PET. All other focal hepatic lesions including hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic cysts, and neuroendocrine tumor liver metastases showed negative 68Ga-NEB contrast to hepatic tissues. Conclusion As a blood-pool imaging agent, 68Ga-NEB is safe to use in the clinic, and our preliminary studies demonstrate the value of differentiating hepatic hemangioma from other benign or malignant focal hepatic lesions. Easy labeling with different positron emitters of various half-lives, excellent pharmacokinetics, and imaging quality warrant further clinical applications of NEB-based PET tracers

  14. The Computer Science Journal of Moldova (ISSN 1561-4042

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Board of CSJM

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The Computer Science Journal of Moldova (CSJM is being published since 1993. It is a peer-reviewed international journal. The Advisory Board consists from 19 world recognized researchers. The editorial board is formed from moldavian researchers. The Computer Science Journal of Moldova (CSJMol is issued three times a year by the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova.

  15. The Republic of Moldova between Neutrality and NATO Memebership Status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana CEBOTARI

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the controversial issues existing in the foreign policy of the Republic of Moldova is that of the status of permanent neutrality of the state. Despite the new vector of Moldova, aimed at European integration processes in the area, Euro-Atlantic integration problem is virtually missing in the local political discourse. This article reveals some intractable problems referring to the status of The Republic of Moldova permanent neutrality.

  16. Nemaline myopathy type 2 (NEM2): two novel mutations in the nebulin (NEB) gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gajda, Anna; Horváth, Emese; Hortobágyi, Tibor; Gergev, Gyurgyinka; Szabó, Hajnalka; Farkas, Katalin; Nagy, Nikoletta; Széll, Márta; Sztriha, László

    2015-04-01

    Nemaline myopathy is a type of the heterogeneous group of congenital myopathies. Generalized hypotonia, weakness, and delayed motor development are the main clinical features of the typical congenital form. Histopathology shows characteristic nemaline rods in the muscle biopsy. Mutations in at least 7 genes, including nebulin gene (NEB), proved to be responsible for this muscle disease. We present a boy with nemaline myopathy type 2 (NEM2) caused by compound heterozygosity for 2 novel mutations, a deletion and a duplication in the NEB gene. The deletion was inherited from the father and the duplication from the mother. Testing all family members supports genetic counseling. © The Author(s) 2013.

  17. THE INVASIVE COLEOPTEROFAUNA FOR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The invasive coleopterofauna for Republic of Moldova consists of the 100 species. After correlation local database with Fauna Europaea for our country registered are 31 of species, but for 69 mentioned with the „absent” and 38 „no date”. In the meantime 24 species were recorded for our country: Acanthoscelides abtectus, A.pallidipennis, Alphitobius diaperinus, Alphitophagus bifasciatus, Bruchus pisorum, B.rufimanus, Caulophilus latinasus, Diabrotica virgifera, Gnathocerus cornutus, Harmonia a...

  18. The pro-apoptotic action of the peptide hormone Neb-colloostatin on insect haemocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czarniewska, E; Mrówczynska, L; Kuczer, M; Rosinski, G

    2012-12-15

    The gonadoinhibitory peptide hormone Neb-colloostatin was first isolated from ovaries of the flesh fly Neobellieria bullata. This 19-mer peptide is thought to be a cleaved product of a collagen-like precursor molecule that is formed during remodelling of the extracellular matrix. In this study, we report that upon injection of picomolar and nanomolar doses, this peptide exerts a pro-apoptotic action on haemocytes of Tenebrio molitor adults, as visualized by changes in morphology and viability. The F-actin cytoskeleton was found to aggregate into distinctive patches. This may be responsible for the observed inhibition of adhesion of haemocytes and for the stimulation of filopodia formation. However, Neb-colloostatin injection did not induce the formation of autophagic vacuoles. Our results suggest that physiological concentrations of Neb-colloostatin play an important role in controlling the quantity and activity of haemocytes in insect haemolymph. They also suggest that during periods in which Neb-colloostatin is released, this peptide may cause a weakening of the insects' immune system. This is the first report that exposure to a peptide hormone causes apoptosis in insect haemocytes.

  19. Neb: a zebrafish model of nemaline myopathy due to nebulin mutation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telfer, William R; Nelson, Darcee D; Waugh, Trent; Brooks, Susan V; Dowling, James J

    2012-05-01

    Nemaline myopathy is one of the most common and severe non-dystrophic muscle diseases of childhood. Patients typically present in infancy with hypotonia, weakness, delayed motor development, and bulbar and respiratory difficulties. Mutations in six different genes are associated with nemaline myopathy, with nebulin mutations being the most common. No treatments or disease-modifying therapies have been identified for this disease. One of the major barriers to treatment development is the lack of models amenable to rapid and coordinated testing of potential therapeutic strategies. To overcome this barrier, we have characterized the first zebrafish model of nemaline myopathy. This model, termed neb, harbors a recessive mutation in the nebulin gene that results in decreased Nebulin protein levels, a severe motor phenotype and premature lethality. In addition to impaired motor function, neb zebrafish exhibit many of the features associated with human nemaline myopathy. These include impaired force generation, altered thin filament length and the presence of specific histopathological changes, including the formation of nemaline bodies. In summary, neb zebrafish mirror the genetic, clinical and pathological aspects of nemaline myopathy due to NEB mutation, and thus are an excellent model for future therapy development for this devastating disorder.

  20. neb: a zebrafish model of nemaline myopathy due to nebulin mutation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William R. Telfer

    2012-05-01

    Nemaline myopathy is one of the most common and severe non-dystrophic muscle diseases of childhood. Patients typically present in infancy with hypotonia, weakness, delayed motor development, and bulbar and respiratory difficulties. Mutations in six different genes are associated with nemaline myopathy, with nebulin mutations being the most common. No treatments or disease-modifying therapies have been identified for this disease. One of the major barriers to treatment development is the lack of models amenable to rapid and coordinated testing of potential therapeutic strategies. To overcome this barrier, we have characterized the first zebrafish model of nemaline myopathy. This model, termed neb, harbors a recessive mutation in the nebulin gene that results in decreased Nebulin protein levels, a severe motor phenotype and premature lethality. In addition to impaired motor function, neb zebrafish exhibit many of the features associated with human nemaline myopathy. These include impaired force generation, altered thin filament length and the presence of specific histopathological changes, including the formation of nemaline bodies. In summary, neb zebrafish mirror the genetic, clinical and pathological aspects of nemaline myopathy due to NEB mutation, and thus are an excellent model for future therapy development for this devastating disorder.

  1. EL astub Moldova piiril võitlusse salakaubaga / Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke Ajal. Postimees : na russkom jazõke lüh. 1. dets., lk 7. Vähendamaks Euroopasse suubuvate relvade ja uimastite salakaubavoogusid, käivitab Euroopa Liit alates 1. detsembrist Moldova ja Ukraina piiril vaatlusmissiooni. Piirimissioonist võtavad osa ka kaks Eesti piirivalvurit. Kaart: Moldova. Lisa: Konflikt

  2. Seksiorjal on Moldova naise nägu / Marje Aksli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aksli, Marje

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvaheliste organisatsioonide raporti kohaselt on Moldova inimsmugeldamise peamine lähtekoht, põhjustena nähakse riigi geograafilist asendit ja vaesust. Lisa: Lääs püüab Moldova naisi aidata. Vt. samas: Inimkaubitseja on "ettevõtlik ja tubli inimene"

  3. WHAT DRIVES HIGH COST OF FINANCE IN MOLDOVA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Stratan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Why there are high costs to finance in Republic of Moldova? Is it a problem for business environment?These are the questions discussed in this paper. Following the well know Growth Diagnostics approach byHausmann, Rodrik and Velasco, authors assess the barriers and impediments to access to finance in Republic ofMoldova. Guided by international and national statistics we found evidence of poor intermediation, poorinstitutions, high level of inflation, and high collateral as major causes of high cost of financial resources inRepublic of Moldova. At the end of the study authors give policy recommendations identifying other related fieldsto be addressed.

  4. INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGES ON WATER RESOURCES IN MOLDOVA

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    Violeta Ivanov

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to analyze the current state of affairs with water resources in Moldova, the challenges it faces for its national human and economic development, having in mind that the water resources are quite limited in Moldova, which encounters pollution, degradation influenced by climate change and unwise human activity to their biodiversity and ecosystems, availability and accessibility. It also attempts to highlight the relationship between climate change and water resources in Moldova, which has adverse effects on both environment and people’s health, and raise significant hurdles to the international, regional and sectoral development.

  5. Ukraina-Moldova piirikontroll viskab ninanipsu Kremlile / Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikko, Marianne, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Transnistria konflikti tagamaadest. EL-i piiriabimissioonist EUBAM, mis viis Ukraina-Moldova piirile EL-i piirivalvurid ja tollitöötajad ning tänu millele on Transnistria kaotanud salakaubandusest saadud tulu

  6. Respublika Moldova na puti v Jevropu / Iurie Gotisan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gotisan, Iurie

    2006-01-01

    Moldova Vabariik oli üks esimesi iseseisvunud endisi Nõukogude Liidu vabariike. Riigi areng 90-ndatel. Arvesse võttes geopoliitilisi, majanduslikke ja sotsiaalseid väärtusi on riigi sihiks Euroopa Liidu liikmelisus

  7. Researches in Artificial Intelligence in Republic of Moldova

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    Yu. Pechersky

    1994-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a review of researches in the field of Artificial Intelligence in Republic of Moldova concerning pattern recognition and also theory and applications of intellectual knowledge based systems.

  8. Republic of Moldova on the European Pathway / Iurie Gotisan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gotisan, Iurie

    2006-01-01

    Moldova Vabariik oli üks esimesi iseseisvunud endisi Nõukogude Liidu vabariike. Riigi areng 90-ndatel. Arvesse võttes geopoliitilisi, majanduslikke ja sotsiaalseid väärtusi on riigi sihiks Euroopa Liidu liikmelisus

  9. Hierarchy in Moldova-Russia Relations: the Transnistrian Effect

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    Matthew Crandall

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the effect of the Transnistrian area on Moldova-Russia relations. David Lake’s concept of hierarchy will be used as the theoretical framework. The article examines why Russia’s mechanisms of infl uence should be seen as a reflection of a hierarchical relationship between Russia and Moldova. The article begins by explaining why this work has chosen a hierarchical framework and a brief introduction of Transnistria. This is followed by two sections of analysis: security and economy.These two sections will also contain subsections on events that highlight the hierarchical nature of the Moldova-Russia relationship. This article shows that Russia clearly has a hierarchical relationship with Moldova. David Lake’s theory proves to be a useful tool in understanding Moldovan-Russian relations.

  10. Republic of Moldova on the European Pathway / Iurie Gotisan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gotisan, Iurie

    2006-01-01

    Moldova Vabariik oli üks esimesi iseseisvunud endisi Nõukogude Liidu vabariike. Riigi areng 90-ndatel. Arvesse võttes geopoliitilisi, majanduslikke ja sotsiaalseid väärtusi on riigi sihiks Euroopa Liidu liikmelisus

  11. Moldova Power Sources Development including Nuclear Power Plant possible participation

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    Comendant

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available For the new power market conditions Moldova power sources development options up to 2030 are evaluated, attempting to propose the best solutions in this respect and the ways they be realized.

  12. ECONOMIC RELATIONS BETWEEN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bestenigar KARA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The topic of article is bilateral economical and foreign trade relations between Turkey, which has started to apply outward-oriented economic policies since globalization and Moldova, which has done market transition after breaking up with the Soviet Union. Within this frame, the subject of article has been searched in depth as follows: general overview of Turkey’s economic relations, overall picture of Moldovan-Turkish relations, short exposition of Moldovan economy and bilateral economic and foreign trade relations of Moldova and Turkey. The topic of article is a current issue. Because Moldova, which is closed to Turkey in terms of geography, culture and history always has been an attractive country politico-economically for Turkey since its independence. Bilateral economic relations starting with shuttle trade have formalized and further developed and Turkey became as one of top ten biggest economic and trade partner of Moldova. On this basis, the aim of study is to elucidate foreign trade of Turkey with Moldova and to compare performances of Turkey by years and by other countries, which have remarkable domination in Moldovan market. Within this scope, bilateral trade volume of Moldova and Turkey has increased year by year considering the past decade, which makes Turkey as the 7th largest import and 8th export partner of Moldova. Turkey aims to be one of the first three biggest economic partner of Moldova after entry into force of Free Trade Agreement (FTA, which was signed by both countries in 2014 to increase foreign trade volume up to 1 billion US dollars.

  13. Book Review: Space Research at the Technical University of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaina, Alex

    Recently the historian of the Technical University of Moldova Aurel Marinchuk (Marinciuc) in a collaboration with the editorial team from the same University has published a Jubiliary Album "50 Years of the Technical University of Moldova". The Album is published at the Technical University in Chisinau (The Republic of Moldova). Two chapters of this album present major interest: 1) Space research at the Technical University of Moldova 2) The Foucault Pendulum manufactured at the same University under the supervision of the Rector of University, Dr. Hab. of Technical Sciences and Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova Ion Bostan. The parameters of the Pendulums are: m=102 kg L=17,24 m T=8.35 sec. >From the first chapter We learn that 3 astronauts: Frank Lee Culbertson, Vladimir Dezhurov and Dumitru Dorin Prunariu are Doctors Honoris Causa of this University. As well we can found in the album informations about the Microsatellit "Republic of Moldova" built also by a team from the same University. It is ready to fly, but many depends on the funds for launch the Satellite. The Foucault Pendulum presents also interest in view of its possible applications to detect the influence of the relative position of the Sun and the Moon on Earthquakes. As is well known the tidal gravitational Force varies, depending on the relative position of the Sun and the Moon.

  14. Moldova pikendas nõukogude passide kehtivust kuus kuud / Marje Aksli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aksli, Marje

    2005-01-01

    Moldova pikendas vanade passide kehtivust, sest paljud ei ole veel jõudnud passi vahetada. Endine NSVL-i pass ei vasta tänapäevanõuetele ja mitu Moldova naaberriiki seda alates 1. jaanuarist ei tunnista

  15. Moldova kommunistist president üritab kannapööret sooritada / Marje Aksli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aksli, Marje

    2004-01-01

    Moldova president Vladimir Voronin lubab presidendivalimiste eel, et Moldova kommunistlikust parteist saab euroopalik vasakpoolne partei, tema sõnul on partei peamised prioriteedid integreerumine Euroopaga, riigi taasühendamine ning reformide edendamine. Lisa: President oma kaarte veel ei ava

  16. Lääne abi vajava Moldova toetamine on Eesti huvides / Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikko, Marianne, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi Moldova delegatsiooni juht annab ülevaate olukorrast riigis. Autori sõnul nähakse Moldovas Transnistria probleemi lahendamise ainsat võimalust Lääne toetuses ning surves Ukrainale

  17. Public Perceptions of Human Trafficking in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill Robinson

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Human trafficking is a widely studied phenomenon. Comparing public perceptions of trafficking to institutional (i.e. the academy, governmental and non-governmental organizations perceptions gives a richer understanding of the problem. The data for this study were collected in and around Chisinau, Moldova in the summer of 2004. Public discourse provides a more intimate "portraiture" of the issue, but the public also demonstrated a complex level of understanding of this social problem in this study. Its view is juxtaposed against an institutional view of human trafficking as explored through a literature review. Combining institutional and public perceptions and knowledge of a social problem is helpful in not only establishing a more thorough understanding of the social problem and guiding policy decisions, but in exploring the experiences victims may face at the community level.

  18. A recurrent copy number variation of the NEB triplicate region: only revealed by the targeted nemaline myopathy CGH array.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiiski, Kirsi; Lehtokari, Vilma-Lotta; Löytynoja, Ari; Ahlstén, Liina; Laitila, Jenni; Wallgren-Pettersson, Carina; Pelin, Katarina

    2016-04-01

    Recently, new large variants have been identified in the nebulin gene (NEB) causing nemaline myopathy (NM). NM constitutes a heterogeneous group of disorders among the congenital myopathies, and disease-causing variants in NEB are a main cause of the recessively inherited form of NM. NEB consists of 183 exons and it includes homologous sequences such as a 32-kb triplicate region (TRI), where eight exons are repeated three times (exons 82-89, 90-97, 98-105). In human, the normal copy number of NEB TRI is six (three copies in each allele). Recently, we described a custom NM-CGH microarray designed to detect copy number variations (CNVs) in the known NM genes. The array has now been updated to include all the currently known 10 NM genes. The NM-CGH array is superior in detecting CNVs, especially of the NEB TRI, that is not included in the exome capture kits. To date, we have studied 266 samples from 196 NM families using the NM-CGH microarray, and identified a novel recurrent NEB TRI variation in 13% (26/196) of the families and in 10% of the controls (6/60). An analysis of the breakpoints revealed adjacent repeat elements, which are known to predispose for rearrangements such as CNVs. The control CNV samples deviate only one copy from the normal six copies, whereas the NM samples include CNVs of up to four additional copies. Based on this study, NEB seems to tolerate deviations of one TRI copy, whereas addition of two or more copies might be pathogenic.

  19. The Danube - the Southern Border of Moldova. Historical Aspects

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    Ruslan Șevcenco

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available For centuries the Danube was the southern border of Moldova. Moldova had the following ports: Chile, Izmail, Reni, Galati and others. This has contributed significantly to the economic development. Turkish authorities, becoming aware of the Danube immense importance at the trade, economic, and military-political level, partly conquered the Danube bay, which belonged to Moldova. In order to reduce the influence of Moldova, the Ottoman Empire created its own boundaries on this territory. Although divided into two (the east side was occupied by the Russian army, Moldova regained access on Danube at its previous borders, starting with the liquidation of the Turks domination. But in 1940 under the influence of Nikita Khrushchev, who had the position of first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik of Ukraine, the counties adjacent to the Danube - the territory between the Prut and Nistru - were transferred to Ukraine and its membership remained until the present days. The current authorities had managed to keep only a small segment of the Danube bay. In this article we will elucidate how for centuries the Moldovan authorities have struggled to maintain a part of the Danube's bay.

  20. THE INVASIVE COLEOPTEROFAUNA FOR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Asea M. Timuş

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The invasive coleopterofauna for Republic of Moldova consists of the 100 species. After correlation local database with Fauna Europaea for our country registered are 31 of species, but for 69 mentioned with the „absent” and 38 „no date”. In the meantime 24 species were recorded for our country: Acanthoscelides abtectus, A.pallidipennis, Alphitobius diaperinus, Alphitophagus bifasciatus, Bruchus pisorum, B.rufimanus, Caulophilus latinasus, Diabrotica virgifera, Gnathocerus cornutus, Harmonia axyridis, Lasioderma serricorne, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Lignyodes bischoffi, Lithocharis nigriceps, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, S. oryzae, S. zeamais, Tenebrio molitor, Tenebrioides mauritanicus, Tribolium castaneum, T. destructor, Trogoderma granarium. According periods penetration the invasive beetles it was found that 2 species have entered the XVIII century, 16 species in the XIX, 53 species in the XX and 29 species in the XXI century. The registration invasive beetles in countries of interest to the our country is in: Bulgaria – 54 species; Poland – 39; România – 3; other countries- 4.

  1. Annotated checklist of the mosquitoes of the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulesco, Tatiana M; Toderas, Ion K; Toderas, Lidia G

    2013-06-01

    The mosquito fauna of the Republic of Moldova is poorly known. In an effort to understand the Culicidae fauna better, mosquito collections have been conducted between early April and middle November from 2008 to 2012. A total of 10,923 larval specimens and 8,246 adults were collected from 20 regions of Moldova. Altogether 36 species have been recorded during the recent study, bringing the total Moldovan mosquito fauna to 40 species in 9 genera and 11 subgenera. New state records include the following 7 species: Anopheles pseudopictus, An. melanoon, Aedes geminus, Culex torrentium, Culiseta longiareolata, Coquillettidia buxtoni, and Uranotaenia unguiculata.

  2. THE POLLUTION SPECTRUM OF OLD PESTICIDES STORAGES IN MOLDOVA

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    Duca Gh.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The inventory of old pesticide storages in Moldova executed by Ministry of Environment and World Bank showed a large quantity of polluted sites (near 1500 remains after the repacking and evacuation project. This work was made first of all for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs. More that 15 % sites were determined as extra high polluted territory with the POPs concentration in soil more 50,0 mg/kg. They include some of the world's most harmful chemicals including highly toxic pesticides such as HCH, DDT; industrial chemicals such as PCBs. The management of domestic and hazardous wastes is considered as one of the most urgent environmental problems in Moldova.

  3. Remittances in the Republic of Moldova:Lost opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel CHISTRUGA

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article covers the problem of the relationship between remittances and economic growth as well as the use of remittances for productive investment in order to contribute to long-run development. Also, there are given some stylized facts of remittances in the Republic of Moldova and their impact over the national economy. Because of its business and investment climate, because of its financial system and macroeconomic policies that were conducted, Moldova has lost almost all opportunities to benefit from remittances.

  4. Republic of Moldova health system review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turcanu, Ghenadie; Domente, Silviu; Buga, Mircea; Richardson, Erica

    2012-01-01

    The Health Systems in Transition (HiT) profiles are country-based reports that provide a detailed description of a health system and of policy initiatives in progress or under development. HiTs examine different approaches to the organization, financing and delivery of health services and the role of the main actors in health systems; describe the institutional framework, process, content and implementation of health and health care policies; and highlight challenges and areas that require more in-depth analysis. The reform of health financing in the Republic of Moldova began in earnest in 2004 with the introduction of a mandatory health insurance (MHI) system. Since then, MHI has become a sustainable financing mechanism that has improved the technical and allocative efficiency of the system as well as overall transparency. This has helped to further consolidate the prioritization of primary care in the system, which has been bas ed on a family medicine model since the 1990s. Hospital stock in the country has been reduced since independence as the country inherited a Semashko health system with excessive infrastructure, but there is still room for efficiency gains, particularly through the consolidation of specialist services in the capital city. The rationalization of duplicated specialized services, therefore, remains a key challenge facing the Moldovan health system. Other challenges include health workforce shortages (particularly in rural areas) and improving equity in financing and access to care by reducing out of pocket (OOP) payments. OOP spending on health is dominated by the cost of pharmaceuticals and this is currently a core focus of reform efforts.

  5. Moldova eksminister tehti süüdlaseks / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2006-01-01

    Moldova kaitseminister Valeriu Pasatile määrati pikaajaline vanglakaristus, 1997. aastal müüs Vene päritolu sõjalennukid 40 milj. dollari eest Ameerika Ühendriikidele, veel süüdistatakse teda ühe opositsioonipoliitiku tapmiskatses, riigi destabiliseerimises ja riigipöörde ettevalmistamises

  6. Increasing tuberculosis case detection: lessons from the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soltan, Viorel; Henry, Asma Khalid; Crudu, Valeriu; Zatusevski, Irina

    2008-01-01

    The Republic of Moldova undertook reforms in tuberculosis (TB) control and health care consistent with international recommendations and advanced towards the global target for case detection. The number of TB cases notified increased overall by 50% during 2001-2005. Expansion of the DOTS strategy and full coverage coincided with a greater role for primary health care (PHC) in TB control and the advent of national insurance for TB diagnosis and treatment. These developments and improvements in laboratories, surveillance, medical personnel skills, and public awareness contributed to increased case detection. The Republic of Moldova addressed both demand and supply sides in these efforts. It increased effective demand for TB services by dispersing diagnostic capability, instituting financing mechanisms and saturating the public with information on symptoms, transmission and treatment. It increased the supply of TB services by upgrading the laboratory network, revamping surveillance and training practitioners. The Republic of Moldova's experience offers lessons for other countries: TB-PHC integration allowed more suspect cases to be diagnosed at nearby PHC clinics, contributing to more cases being notified. Innovative TB communications reached the general public, vulnerable groups, practitioners and the media. TB control projects built on each other and national coordination mechanisms served to identify funding for the most pressing needs. There are challenges remaining for TB control in the Republic of Moldova, not least the stable treatment success rate, but the country can list valuable lessons and achievements.

  7. Reform and Relapse in Bilingual Policy in Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciscel, Matthew H.

    2010-01-01

    In the Republic of Moldova, language education policy has shifted since independence from an uneven Soviet policy, in which minority Russian dominated, towards somewhat more equitable European norms. Although many reforms in language education have been beneficial in producing a more balanced bilingualism, official policy has at times tended…

  8. The Earthquake from 24 September in Moldova and Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaina, Alex; Cristian, Adrian

    2016-10-01

    On reports the earthquake from 24 September 2016 which took place in Vrancea, Romania in the night and was registered in the Republic of Moldova also. General problems on earthquakes has been discussed. A part of the report discusses and compares (at a popular level) the similarities and differencies between mechanical (acoustic) waves produced by earthquakes and gravitational waves.

  9. MONITORING CONDITION OF ECONOMIC SECURITY OF REPUBLIC MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.V. Bicova

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The system of indicators of the economic security is described at research of questions of energy security of Republic Moldova in the article. Results of monitoring of indicators and also a final estimation of the level of economic security (preliminary are resulted.

  10. Considerations on forest ecosystems evolution in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru COCÎRȚĂ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Certain statistical data on forest ecosystems evolution in Republic of Moldova’s territory in 200 years period are analyzed in the article.  The history of forest fund and ecosystems’ development on the territory between Prut andNistru Rivers and of data presentation methods during different periods of territories’social economical development is summarized. Forest ecosystems development issues instudy and specifically those of forests’ continuity and conservation are extremely important for Republic of Moldova, which is a country with high population density, oldtraditions in agricultural branch and with a major negative attitude towards biological diversity maintaining and forest ecosystems’ viable development. Goals and objectives of the present work are to analyze forest evolution and to identifyhigher priority issues in order to rectify the situation in forest sector in Republic of Moldova. Basic characteristics of forest ecosystems are presented and causes of differences in datainterpretation were described on the basis of statistical data study and analysis during different periods and from different sources, as well as maps dated 1910 and 2004. Certainbasic elements of ecological management in forestry that exist in Republic of Moldova in present are described, such as legal normative base, infrastructure and others. The final part of work contains conclusions and some suggestions on forest ecosystems’viable development in Republic of Moldova according to European and internationalrequirements.

  11. Moldova and Bulgaria: 20 years of beneficial collaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popova Marina

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the cooperation and trade relations between Bulgaria and Moldova have marked an upward trend. This is because in recent years many countries have signed the intergovernmental documents on cooperation in various fields, which creates the real premises for improving and expanding the trade relations

  12. MOLDOVA AND BULGARIA: 20 YEARS OF BENEFICIAL COLLABORATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina POPOVA

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the cooperation and trade relations between Bulgaria and Moldova have marked an upward trend. This is because in recent years many countries have signed the intergovernmental documents on cooperation in various fields, which creates the real premises for improving and expanding the trade relations.

  13. The development of the Moldova digital seismic network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilies, I.; Ionescu, C.; Grigore, A. G.

    2009-04-01

    The Republic of Moldova is located in the seismically active region, about 70% of its area is predisposed to shaking intensity 7 - 8 points MSK. Focal zones of the primary seismic danger to the territory of the Republic of Moldova are: Vrancea zone - for the whole of its territory and Dobrogea zone - for the southern part. Monitoring of seismic instrumentation in the republic is provided by the Center of Experimental Seismology, Institute of Geology and Seismology, Academy of Sciences of Moldova. According to the seismic zoning map of the Republic of Moldova, seismic stations "Cahul, Leova" and "Giurgiulesti" located in 8 - degree zone, the central regional station "Chisinau" - in 7 - degree, a station "Soroca" - in 6 - degree zone MSK scale. The development of seismic network since 2004, going through a transition to a modern digital recording, improving working conditions for staff and the construction of new buildings for seismic stations, equipping the new network equipment and improve the methods of collecting and processing seismic data. The works to modernize the network of seismic stations in Moldova were initiated in 2003 with the acquisition of the first three axial digital accelerometer. The device was installed initially in Chisinau, and from it we received the first digital recordings of earthquakes from September 27 and October 27, 2004. In joint efforts with National Institute of Research and Development for Earth Physics from Bucharest, Romania, four seismic stations from Republic of Moldavia was upgraded by broadband and strong motion sensors connected at Q 330 digital recorders that issue continuous recording and real time data stream. Starting from spring of 2008, real time seismic data exchange between IGG Republic of Moldavia and NIEP Romania is running using internet connection.

  14. Perceptions about the mass media among the students from Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Stefanescu, Razvan; Dumitriu, Ramona; Costel NISTOR

    2011-01-01

    The last decades revealed the importance of mass media in a society. Regarding the Republic of Moldova the role of mass media is influenced by some particularities of the economic, politic and social activities. Moldova is among the poorest states from Europe and its political situation is still unstable. On the markets of mass media from Moldova there are in competition different categories of participants: domestics and foreigners, public and private entities. This paper presents the result...

  15. PyNeb: a new tool for analyzing emission lines. I. Code description and validation of results

    CERN Document Server

    Luridiana, Valentina; Shaw, Richard A

    2014-01-01

    Analysis of emission lines in gaseous nebulae yields direct measures of physical conditions and chemical abundances and is the cornerstone of nebular astrophysics. Although the physical problem is conceptually simple, its practical complexity can be overwhelming since the amount of data to be analyzed steadily increases; furthermore, results depend crucially on the input atomic data, whose determination also improves each year. To address these challenges we created PyNeb, an innovative code for analyzing emission lines. PyNeb computes physical conditions and ionic and elemental abundances, and produces both theoretical and observational diagnostic plots. It is designed to be portable, modular, and largely customizable in aspects such as the atomic data used, the format of the observational data to be analyzed, and the graphical output. It gives full access to the intermediate quantities of the calculation, making it possible to write scripts tailored to the specific type of analysis one wants to carry out. I...

  16. FINANCIAL STABILITY REVIEW OF THE MICROFINANCE SECTOR IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru CATAN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to analyze the microfinance sector in Moldova, in terms of financial stability indicators. Thus, it highlights the main trends of development of microfinance institution in the last five years, as being reflected by the improvement of all indicators. Therefore in the paper the authors aim to present the most important methods of analyzing and assessing financial stability. Thus, ensuring financial stability constitutes lately a priority concern for the National Bank of Moldova (NBM, which is at the forefront of the national financial systems as well as the National Commission of Financial Market (NCFM. Indeed, with the responsibility of ensuring price stability, the central bank contributes to financial stability. A stable financial environment facilitates the achievement of price stability.

  17. Seasonal migration and networks: Evidence on Moldova's labour exodus

    OpenAIRE

    Görlich, Dennis; Trebesch, Christoph

    2008-01-01

    Seasonal migration is an ever more important phenomenon worldwide, but has received little attention in empirical research. This paper investigates the choice of seasonal versus longer-term migration on a household level. We use data from Moldova, a country that is witnessing a massive emigration shock. Surprisingly, neither children nor marital status appear to influence the decision to leave seasonally or for longer periods. This suggests high social and emotional costs of emigration. We al...

  18. Mass Migration and Seasonality Evidence on Moldova's Labour Exodus

    OpenAIRE

    Görlich, Dennis; Trebesch, Christoph

    2006-01-01

    This paper identifies the determinants and patterns of mass migration in Moldova – a country in which migration has become the dominant socioeconomic phenomenon in a period of less than 8 years. Special emphasis is placed on seasonal migration, which has become increasingly popular in many Eastern European countries. Our findings indicate that poverty is a main push factor of migration decisions. Additionally, network effects and migration experience appear to be crucial for Moldovan migratio...

  19. New Mutations in NEB Gene Discovered by Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing in Nemaline Myopathy Italian Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piga, Daniela; Magri, Francesca; Ronchi, Dario; Corti, Stefania; Cassandrini, Denise; Mercuri, Eugenio; Tasca, Giorgio; Bertini, Enrico; Fattori, Fabiana; Toscano, Antonio; Messina, Sonia; Moroni, Isabella; Mora, Marina; Moggio, Maurizio; Colombo, Irene; Giugliano, Teresa; Pane, Marika; Fiorillo, Chiara; D'Amico, Adele; Bruno, Claudio; Nigro, Vincenzo; Bresolin, Nereo; Comi, Giacomo Pietro

    2016-07-01

    Nemaline myopathy represents a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous neuromuscular disorders. Different clinical-genetic entities have been characterized in the last few years, with implications for diagnostics and genetic counseling. Fifty percent of nemaline myopathy forms are due to NEB mutations, but genetic analysis of this large and complex gene by Sanger sequencing is time consuming and expensive. We selected 10 Italian patients with clinical and biopsy features suggestive for nemaline myopathy and negative for ACTA1, TPM2 and TPM3 mutations. We applied a targeted next-generation sequencing strategy designed to analyse NEB coding regions, the relative full introns and the promoter. We also evaluated copy number variations (by CGH array) and transcriptional changes by RNA Sanger sequencing, whenever possible. This combined strategy revealed 11 likely pathogenic variants in 8 of 10 patients. The molecular diagnosis was fully achieved in 3 of 8 patients, while only one heterozygous mutation was observed in 5 subjects. This approach revealed to be a fast and cost-effective way to analyse the large NEB gene in a small group of patients and might be promising for the detection of pathological variants of other genes featuring large coding regions and lacking mutational hotspots.

  20. Novel mutations in NEB cause abnormal nebulin expression and markedly impaired muscle force generation in severe nemaline myopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawlor Michael W

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nemaline myopathy (NM is a congenital muscle disease associated with weakness and the presence of nemaline bodies (rods in muscle fibers. Mutations in seven genes have been associated with NM, but the most commonly mutated gene is nebulin (NEB, which is thought to account for roughly 50% of cases. Results We describe two siblings with severe NM, arthrogryposis and neonatal death caused by two novel NEB mutations: a point mutation in intron 13 and a frameshift mutation in exon 81. Levels of detectable nebulin protein were significantly lower than those in normal control muscle biopsies or those from patients with less severe NM due to deletion of NEB exon 55. Mechanical studies of skinned myofibers revealed marked impairment of force development, with an increase in tension cost. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate that the mechanical phenotype of severe NM is the consequence of mutations that severely reduce nebulin protein levels and suggest that the level of nebulin expression may correlate with the severity of disease.

  1. AGRICULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: PRESENT AND FUTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simion CERTAN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture was and still is the most important source for human being and, thus, constitutes the strongest factor for economic development harmonization in any country. Agriculture is the key branch of economy in Moldova. Weather conditions together with the available land resources could assure the growth of any kind of plant, excepting tropical and subtropical ones. The development of this branch could be also influenced by number of persons employed in agriculture. Another important factor is the number and quality of tractors or other agricultural equipment that, according to the latest specialized research, is completely deteriorated – 20% and partially 60-70% out of total number. These underline the outdated technologies and necessity of massive investments in fixed assets that automatically will increase the final price of local production above the imported ones. Meanwhile each country, including Moldova, dreams to be self-sufficient in terms of assuring of internal market with agri-food products and export the surplus. Small size of internal market of our country creates good premises for export but the share of agri-food products registered the continue decrease from 63% in 2001 to 44% in 2010. Thus current situation in agriculture of Republic of Moldova impose the necessity of major changes in respective policies that will be consider in this article.

  2. Post-Communist Identities In The Republic Of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulian Chifu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The study begins by referring to the group identity need of any human being and studies the large group identities when it comes to nation formation, ethnical references and political abuses in nation building in the post-communist era. The study refers specifically to the post-Soviet identities, the struggle of the Soviet elites in the new born independent states to maintain their privileges. In the particular case of the Republic of Moldova, there is more confusion coming from the name of the new identity, with a reference to Moldova – the former region of Romania and former Middle Age proto-state – and the ideological approach by Stalin who invented a new state in 1924, The Soviet Socialist Autonomous Republic of Moldova, and forged a „Moldavian” identity „from the ethnic family of the Slavic identities”, different from the Romanian one, to help explain the rapt and occupation of the region on the Eastern shores of the Prut river.

  3. The Technical University of Moldova (1964-2014). A Jubilee Album

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinciuc, Aurel

    2014-12-01

    The album represents a history in photographs of the Technical University of Moldova, with emphasis on some recent achievements: 1) the make-up of the first artificial satellite "Republica Moldova" 2) the make-up of a Foucault Pendulum 3) the opening of an Astronomical Observatory in the campus of Technical University.

  4. 77 FR 64127 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ... COMMISSION Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and... determine whether revocation of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bar from Belarus... concrete reinforcing bar from Latvia and Moldova. The Commission found that the respondent interested party...

  5. "Superpresidentalismi"ohud - Voronin, Putin ja Moldova rahvuslikud huvid / Graeme Herd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herd, Graeme

    2004-01-01

    Dnestri-äärse Moldova Vabariiki võib autori sõnul pidada Musta mere regiooni Kaliningradiks. Nii nagu Kaliningradist, saab Dnestri-äärse Moldova Vabariigi küsimusest uus Venemaa ja Euroopa Liidu koostöövõime lakmuspaber ning Balti poliitikud mängivad olulist rolli selle koostöö õnnestumises

  6. Parliamentary Majorities and National Minorities: Moldova’s Accommodation of the Gagauz

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Al R.S.S. Moldova Pentru Problemele i and Mihai Cotorobai, 26 . Nationale Shi Autoadminstrararea Locala Shi Economia Locala, signed by A. Arsen...No ———. Avizul Comissiilor Permanente Ale Soveitului Suprem al R.S.S. Moldova p şi Autoadminstrararea Localâ şi Economia Localâ. Signed by A. Arseni

  7. Distance voting (e-voting: the ways of its applicability in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Cosuleanu

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyse the e-voting systems implementation experience in Europe (and the world and the necessity and possibility to implement the effective Out of Country Voting (OCV for Moldova. This paper is aimed also to start a discussion on different aspects of information system "Elections" to be built in Moldova.

  8. Some Aspects of Micro-HPP Utilization in the Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Ambros T.; Ursatii N.

    2015-01-01

    The hydrografic network in the Republic of Moldova and some historical aspects of micro-Hydro Power Plants (mHPP) on the country territory have been described. There are presented some models of micro hydro damless samples developed by the Technical University of Moldova.

  9. Some Aspects of Micro-HPP Utilization in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambros T.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The hydrografic network in the Republic of Moldova and some historical aspects of micro-Hydro Power Plants (mHPP on the country territory have been described. There are presented some models of micro hydro damless samples developed by the Technical University of Moldova.

  10. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND NORMATIVE SYSTEMS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: DEVELOPMENT MILESTONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru P COCÎRȚĂ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper are described the results of the study on the development of environmentallaws and normative system of the Republic of Moldova in the years of independence, whichresulted with new reforms of all areas of the national economy from a socialist economy to amarket economy through the transition phase.Problems of the environment protection are very acute in the Republic of Moldova, acountry with high density of human population and mainly agrarian with old traditions inagriculture.The aim of paper is the analysis of present state, the characteristics of database and tohighlight the problems of development of normative-legislative framework in the Republic ofMoldova.Objects of research were: environmental legislative and normative-methodical bases in theRepublic of Moldova, the European Union and Russia; Agenda 21, environmental policies,strategies, programs and other existed in the Republic of Moldova.

  11. SPECIAL ISSUE DEDICATED TO THE 10TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE CHEMISTRY JOURNAL OF MOLDOVA. GENERAL, INDUSTRIAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe DUCA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Ten years ago, in 2006, CHEMISTRY JOURNAL OF MOLDOVA. General, Industrial and Ecological Chemistry was founded by the Institute of Chemistry of Academy of Sciences of Moldova and Moldova State University. Chemistry Journal of Moldova is an open access, international indexed and peer-reviewed journal that publishes papers of high quality containing original results in the areas of Chemical Sciences, such as analytical chemistry, ecological chemistry, food chemistry, industrial chemistry, inorganic and coordination chemistry, natural product chemistry and synthesis, organic chemistry, physical chemistry and chemical physics, as well as supramolecular chemistry. Chemistry Journal of Moldova seeks to publish experimental or theoretical research results of outstanding signifi cance and timeliness.

  12. PyNeb: a new tool for analyzing emission lines. I. Code description and validation of results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luridiana, V.; Morisset, C.; Shaw, R. A.

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of emission lines in gaseous nebulae yields direct measures of physical conditions and chemical abundances and is the cornerstone of nebular astrophysics. Although the physical problem is conceptually simple, its practical complexity can be overwhelming since the amount of data to be analyzed steadily increases; furthermore, results depend crucially on the input atomic data, whose determination also improves each year. To address these challenges we created PyNeb, an innovative code for analyzing emission lines. PyNeb computes physical conditions and ionic and elemental abundances and produces both theoretical and observational diagnostic plots. It is designed to be portable, modular, and largely customizable in aspects such as the atomic data used, the format of the observational data to be analyzed, and the graphical output. It gives full access to the intermediate quantities of the calculation, making it possible to write scripts tailored to the specific type of analysis one wants to carry out. In the case of collisionally excited lines, PyNeb works by solving the equilibrium equations for an n-level atom; in the case of recombination lines, it works by interpolation in emissivity tables. The code offers a choice of extinction laws and ionization correction factors, which can be complemented by user-provided recipes. It is entirely written in the python programming language and uses standard python libraries. It is fully vectorized, making it apt for analyzing huge amounts of data. The code is stable and has been benchmarked against IRAF/NEBULAR. It is public, fully documented, and has already been satisfactorily used in a number of published papers.

  13. The experience of the implementation of perinatal audit in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stratulat, P; Curteanu, A; Caraus, T; Petrov, V; Gardosi, J

    2014-09-01

    The Beyond the Numbers project in Moldova implemented perinatal mortality audit as a means to improve maternity and newborn care. Key activities for this project included training in audit, the setting up of audit committees, implementation of the review of cases and dissemination of information. During the project, a significant reduction was noted of perinatal deaths at term (from 37 weeks gestation and birthweight of ≥2500 g) by 1.5 per 1000; from 5.1 per 1000 in 2006 to 3.6 per 1000 in 2013.

  14. Director of IMCS - National Prize Laureate of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial board of the "Computer Science Journal of Moldova"

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Director of the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Vice Editor-in-Chief of CSJM, and our colleague, D.Hab. Svetlana Cojocaru, in 2011 became the National Prize Laureate of Moldova. In accordance with Government decision, this distinction is given for ``outstanding achievements whose results have substantially enriched science, culture and art, had a considerable contribution to promoting a positive image of the country in the international arena, a significant impact on the development of socio-economic, scientific and technical progress, national and world culture.''

  15. Moldova Quo Vadis: Neutrality and European Integration? Problems of Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    public/840/en/Paper%20Nato5.doc (accessed 1 September 2007). 65 Heinz Vetschera, “Austria,” in The Missing Link: West European Neutrals and Regional...Twenty-First Century,” in Europe’s New Security Challenges, ed., Heinz Gaertner, Adrian Hyde-Price, and Erich Reiter (London: Lynne Rienner...Institutions: Bridging the Gap,” The 64th Rose- Roth Seminar, (Chisinau, Moldova), http://www.nato- pa.int/default.asp?SHORTCUT=1085 (accessed 21 February

  16. GENDER PECULIARITIES OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia G.TURCAN

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The situation with women's entrepreneurship is analyzed in the given scientific paper. Special emphasis is put on the one of the main obstacles to women, the mentality of the inhabitants in our country. The purpose of this study is to identify characteristics of women's entrepreneurship in Moldova, the motives of the occurrence of women in business, the specific needs of women entrepreneurs and others that will enrich the theoretical knowledge and provide the scientific basis for the implementation of social and economic gender policy in the business.

  17. THE POLLUTION SPECTRUM OF OLD PESTICIDES STORAGES IN MOLDOVA

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    Duca Gh.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The old pesticide storages in Moldova showed a large quantity of polluted sites. The inventory of POPs polluted sites showed a huge number of extra high polluted sites (more 50,0 mg/kg which need the first place a remediation or other action to eliminate direct contact with people and animals. The pollution spectrum of POPs is a complex and consists of five groups: DDTs isomers, HCHs isomers, Toxaphene mixture, Chlordane and Heptachlor. The principal groups among these substances are DDTs and HCHs isomers.

  18. LENDING PROJECT IMPACT ON AGRICULTURAL INDIVIDUAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia LITVIN

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Economic development within rural areas of the Republic of Moldova is affected by multiple issues which cross the agricultural individual sector development. One of the main factors that would influence positively the development of agriculture is investment. Investment plays an important role on the country's economy, representing the material support of its economic and social development. It ensures the permanent capital increase, advances the technical and economic efficiency of existing ones and creates new places of employment. In this context, investment is the decisive element of economic growth, of the intensive, qualitative and effective factors promotion.

  19. WINE TOURISM IN WESTERN MOLDOVA - TO A FUTURE ALSACE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela MANEA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Wine tourism has emerge as a form of redinamization, recovery of wine products. It was necessary such a tourism form for the wine-growing regions to assert in this tourist industry through landscapes as well as the products offered. Countries like France, Italy and Spain are already among the most definitive statement in this area, being basically those that outline the so-called Old World of the wine tourism domain. This is due to a long history of viticulture, terroir, winemaking method and cultural heritage. Romania is also on the wine countries list being part of the top ten countries according to the hierarchy made by OIV. Wine tourism started to come also in Romania, increasingly more wineries adopting wine recovery forms through tourism. It is adopting foreign models of wine tourism but keeping the local specific. Thus Moldova, the largest wine region began to adapt some wine tourism development models and this article will demonstrate whether this model is beneficial for Moldova.

  20. Moldova on hädas üksi / Jüri Piirsild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsild, Jüri

    2004-01-01

    Endine Nõukogude Liidu liikmesriik Moldova teatas, et soovib Vene rahuvalvajate lahkumist ning võtab üheselt orientatsiooni lääne demokraatiale, paludes lääneriikidelt abi eesseisvate probleemide lahendamisel

  1. Eesti piirivalvur seisab Moldova külmunud konflikti jääpangal / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 13. juuni lk. 10. Eesti piirivalvur Kerli-Katrin Hirv EL-i piiriabi missioonil Ukrainas, et aidata kontrollida Moldova ja Ukraina piiri vahele kiilutud separatistliku Transnistria piiri. Lisa: Transnistria konflikt

  2. Põltsamaad väisas kõrgetasemeline Moldova delegatsioon / Raivo Feldmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmann, Raivo

    2007-01-01

    Moldova delegatsioon viibis Eestis välisministeeriumi ja Peipsi Koostöö Keskuse ühisprojekti raames, eesmärgiks tutvuda keskkonnakaitse, hariduse ja EL rahastatavate erinevate projektide koostamise ning rakendamise valdkondadega

  3. Moldova nõrk majandus hirmutab Transnistriat / Anna-Maria Galojan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Paremad Uudised okt. nr. 7 lk. 8. Autori sõnul tooks Transnistria probleemile lahenduse piiri panek salakaubandusele ja Moldova majanduse jaluleaitamine. Kaart. Lisad: Lapsed kasvavad vanemateta; Transnistria rahvahääletusel valiti Venemaa

  4. MEDIA MANIPULATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WAR IN UKRAINE AND THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vladislav Saran

    2016-01-01

      Media manipulation and psychological war in Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova is a battleground of various psychological methods in order to subordinate the masses often under cover of alleged common good...

  5. Greenhouse Gas reduction for scenarios of power sources development of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comendant I.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available For the new power market conditions, Moldova power sources development options up to 2033 are evaluated, and for the six scenarios selected the greenhouse gas reduction impact is determined.

  6. The Development of e-Government in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilie Costas

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Moldova has received very different rankings in different comparative studies on e-government development. This paper attempts to analyze the real state of e-government in the Republic of Moldova. We discuss the current situation, and evaluate that current situation using several accepted models. The most interesting aspect of this research is that e-government in Moldova is developing in the very complicated conditions of transition from a Soviet state with a centralized command system to a democratic state with a market economy, in parallel with a total reengineering of government institutions. In order to direct the strategy of the government of Moldova towards further development, we make a number of suggestions tailored to this complex environment.

  7. OLICIES AND PRACTICES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IFRS AND NAS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lica ERHAN; Marian SOCOLIUC; Svetlana MIHAILA; Veronica GROSU

    2015-01-01

    .... A major step for the Republic of Moldova was the implementation of IFRS, which has become mandatory for all public interest entities from 1 January 2012 and the adoption of new NAS in accordance...

  8. Partition and Post-War Violence: Case Study of Moldova and Pridnestrovie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carter Johnson

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Partition advocates argue that ethnic groups must be separated completely in order to prevent renewed violence but Moldova is an exception with its large “stay-behind” minority and a lack of renewed violence. This chapter uses Moldova to develop partition theory, presenting an institutionalist explanation that focuses on the interaction between state-building and minority collaboration in a post-war context. The chapter argues that strong state institutions create an incentive for ethnic minorities to collaborate with the state, regardless of minority preferences, and this helps maintain peace. The case of Moldova reinforces the importance of state-strength in avoiding interethnic conflict renewal. Both Pridnestrovie/Transnistria and Moldova were a relatively strong state, which is unusual in a post-war, post-partition situation, and these relative strengths reduced the likelihood of conflict recurrence.

  9. Roads Rehabilitation and Environment in Moldova: Some Legal and Normative Harmonization Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cocirta Petru

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the environmental regulatory reforms of the Republic of Moldova to restore roads and problems over time. Goals and objectives are the analysis of the current situation on road rehabilitation and environmental assessments in this area, as well as issues that require in rehabilitation and maintenance of roads in the Republic of Moldova.Are described briefly: general aspects of road rehabilitation issues; legislation and environmental regulations in the road; differences between Moldova and procedures of the World Bank's environmental assessment in the construction and rehabilitation of roads; problem of national legislative and normative acts harmonization to international requirements.The paper discusses specific environmental to appear on completion of the rehabilitation of roads in the Republic of Moldova. In the final part of the paper presents the conclusions and some suggestions on how to facilitate the rehabilitation of roads in accordance with Agenda 21 of the country and European and international requirements.

  10. The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on the Economy of Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion STURZU

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the implications of the FDI on economy of the Republic of Moldova. Using a data approach, the results show that global financial and economic crisis of 2008-2009 has strongly influenced the dynamics of FDI. Our results also demonstrate that Moldova needs to take cardinal measures to overcome the crisis phenomenon and to direct its economy on ascending development trajectory.

  11. DYNAMIC MODEL “ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION - GDP” FOR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    Sit B.M.

    2007-01-01

    The article is devoted to the development of econometric models of electricity consumption in Republic of Moldova with the purpose of definition of potential possibilities of GPD influence on electricity consumption processes.In this paper, we examine the causal relationship between the per capita electricity consumption and the per capita GDP for Republic of Moldova using VAR model. Our results show that there is bidirectional causality from per capita GDP to per capita electricity consumpti...

  12. DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES OF SECURITIES SECONDARY MARKET IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chetraru Aliona

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available It’s an urgent necessity to determine the specific problems of the securities market in Republic of Moldova, in the context of policies and strategies of accession to the European and International activity standards, performance and quality, along with the implication and effects of the international financial crisis. Identification of the influence factors with negative on the secondary market will enable the formulation of recommendations, proposals, improvement and refreshing techniques for the capital market as a whole. The analysis of the secondary market indicators allowed concluding on a high degree of uncertainty and predictability of its evolution. Legislative and regulatory issues on the securities secondary market activity of professional participants, admit the interpretation duality of provisions concerned. National Commission of Financial Market activity as a mega-regulator of the financial market, although involving a increased complexity of activities concerning supervision, control and regulation of the financial (non-banking sector, do not enjoy great efficiency in terms of stabilization and promotion of the financial sector. The appearance of a stock institution as an alternative to the existing one, after 20 years of experience of the latter, theoretically opens new market opportunities, although in practical terms, at this moment of time, the market participants are reserved and undecided on the future development trend of the secondary market. The study is based on statistical data contained in annual reports of the National Financial Market Commission and published on the official website of JSC „Stock Exchange of Moldova”, analysis of legislative and regulatory provisions and international practices. The statistics cover the whole period of operation of the secondary market in Republic of Moldova, that is from 1995 to 2012, as much as the stock market segment and the counter. The research methodology

  13. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE UNEMPLOYMENT BETWEEN ROMANIA AND MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLAUDIA ISAC

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the social security literature noted a major change towards the legal aspects in this field, lowering the importance of the expense and tax issues pursued by economists in their activities. Without minimizing the consistent and continuous importance of the legal foundations of the social security policy implementation, it is necessary that not only the media and the governmental authority websites to disclose information in the social insurance field, but the role of specialists, researchers and academics in finance, tax and even accounting have the role to interpret and give relevant solutions to these issues. Therefore, in this paper, we present in detail the comparative aspects of how the social security segment is organized, mainly the unemployment insurance in both Romania and Moldova by highlighting the financial differences and similarities of these systems.

  14. ANALYSIS OF THE ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS FROM ROMANIA AND MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia\tMOROSAN‐DĂNILĂ

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the centuries, different countries have met their accounting systems adjusted to the economic, social and political. However, at the end of the twentieth century, it was possible to distinguish several “families” of accounting, without the researchers to reach agreement on a definitive classification of accounting systems practiced in the world. The diversity of national accounting systems put, obviously, some problems. It is, indeed, difficult to compare the financial statements of companies in different countries, which apply their national rules. With the interconnection of national economies and the growth of large financial markets at the end of the last century, these issues have gained greater acuity. It is necessary that investors can compare financial performance of firms of different nationalities. This article is trying to present and analyse the accounting systems of two neighbour countries, Romania and Moldova, in order to understand the possibility of a multinational investment.

  15. DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR FROM MOLDOVA THROUGH AGRICULTURE LOANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliona SARGO

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Financial institutions present on the market become more attentive when they have to give loans to the agriculture sector. The lack of necessary guarantees the low profit registered in agricultural district, economy instability and other things had and continue to have a negative impact on the evolution of agricultural sector, this being seen as one with a high level of risk. Commercial banks use less own funds for lending to agriculture and especially when the loans are guaranteed from various funds, programs or foreign donor agencies. Farmers find it difficult to bank loans because of collateral amount required is too high. However, commercial banks in Moldova provide agricultural loans, thus increasing the economic efficiency of agriculture.

  16. Development of Ad Valorem Real Property Taxation System in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Buzu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes key aspects of the new ad valorem property taxation (AVT system which is currently implemented in the Republic of Moldova and outlines ways of its further potential development. The author uses both systemic and synergistic approaches to develop a methodology for the assessment of the AVT system efficiency based on the multipurpose cadastre data. The study identifies key characteristics of the AVT system, as well as main problems associated with the implementation of the new property taxation system and with the compatibility of the fiscal and the real property cadastre data, and makes suggestions for further development of the AVT system in the country. The study allows to identify and maximize the benefits of the AVT system.

  17. Introducing Evidence-Based Medicine and guidelines for maternal and newborn care in the Republic of Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bacci, A; Wyn Huws, D; Baltag, V;

    2005-01-01

    Familiarity with Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) concepts is low amongst key maternal and newborn care clinicians in Moldova. Simple interventions can increase the knowledge of EBM concepts there.......Familiarity with Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) concepts is low amongst key maternal and newborn care clinicians in Moldova. Simple interventions can increase the knowledge of EBM concepts there....

  18. 78 FR 63450 - Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... International Trade Administration, Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico... on carbon and certain alloy steel wire rod (``wire rod'') from Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova... Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and Tobago, and Ukraine, pursuant to section 751(c) of...

  19. MIGRATION EFFECTS OF ROMANIA’S ACCESSION TO THE EU: THE CASE OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Pop

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to assess the main migration effects upon Romania following its accession to the EU, with a special focus on Moldova as Romania’s immediate neighbour and ENP partner state at the EU Eastern border. It relies on key findings drawn from current literature in the field, statistics provided by the Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform of Romania, and personal interviews of the author with relevant authorities and experts both in Romania and Moldova. The paper surveys the major source areas and countries for irregular migration affecting Romania, the methods and routes used in irregular migration, various aspects of Romania’s visa policy towards Moldova, the main features of the process of regaining Romanian citizenship by Moldovan nationals and the most important characteristics of migration from Moldova to Romania. The paper also introduces a number of recommendations on regulating labour migration, combating irregular migration and organized crime, control procedures at border checkpoints, visa policy, and dissemination of information, whose aim is to help improve the migration policies of Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine as well as their cooperation from a cross-border perspective.

  20. EU-MOLDOVA TRADE RELATIONS: COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF MOLDOVAN INDUSTRIES ON THE SINGLE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana SANDU

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Engaging on the long road of implementing the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the EU in 2010, Moldova is now closer than ever to being included in the most privileged category of the Eastern neighbouring countries - those who have chosen to deepen the European economic integration. The Vilnius Summit in November 2013 has reinforced the ‘more for more’ principle for both Moldova and Georgia by emphasizing, at the same time, the role of reactive measures and financial aid in counterbalancing aggressive trade barriers from non-EU states. Not only has Moldova proved to efficiently capitalize the provisions of the ATP agreement since 2008, but it has also consequently received more support from the EU in boosting exports to the single market. The wine industry was the first to benefit from the free-trade regime, as for the EU decision of eliminating quotas from the beginning of 2014. Nonetheless, the progressive liberalisation of trade flows between Moldova and the EU would finally oppose two asymmetric partners. Consequently, Moldova is facing the challenge of asserting its value on the EU market, by yet not undermining the relevance of other important trading partners nearby.

  1. Optical and microphysical properties of atmospheric aerosols in Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aculinin, Alexandr; Smicov, Vladimir

    2010-05-01

    Measurements of aerosol properties in Kishinev, Moldova are being carried out within the framework of the international AERONET program managed by NASA/GSFC since 1999. Direct solar and sky diffuse radiances are measured by using of sunphotometer Cimel-318. Aerosol optical properties are retrieved from measured radiances by using of smart computational procedures developed by the AERONET's team. The instrument is situated at the ground-based solar radiation monitoring station giving the opportunity to make simultaneous spectral (win sunphotometer) and broadband (with the set of sensors from radiometric complex) solar radiation. Detailed description of the station and investigations in progress can be found at the http://arg.phys.asm.md. Ground station is placed in an urban environment of Kishinev city (47.00N; 28.56E; 205 m a.s.l). Summary of aerosol optical and microphysical properties retrieved from direct solar and diffuse sky radiance observations at Moldova site from September 1999 to June 2009 are presented below. Number of measurements (total): 1695 Number of measurements (for ?o, n, k): 223 Range of aerosol optical depth (AOD) @440 nm: 0.03 =0.25 Range of Ångström parameter : 0.14 (440/670/870/1020): 0.93/0.92/0.90/0.89 ±0.04 Parameters of volume particle size distribution function: (fine mode) volume median radius r v,f , μm: 0.17 ± 0.06 particle volume concentration Cv,f, μm3/μm2: 0.04 ± 0.03 (coarse mode) volume median radius rv,c , μm: 3.08 ± 0.64 particle volume concentration Cv,c, μm3/μm2: 0.03 ± 0.03 Climatic norms of AOD@500 nm and Ångström parameter at the site of observation are equal to 0.21 ± 0.06 and 1.45 ± 0.14, respectively. The aerosol type in Moldova may be considered as 'urban-industrial and mixed' in accordance with the classification of aerosol type models systematized and developed by AERONET team (O.Dubovik et al., 2002, J. Atmosph. Sci., 59, 590-608) on the basis of datasets acquired from worldwide observations at the

  2. Collembolan species diversity of calcareous canyons in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buşmachiu, Galina; Bedos, Anne; Deharveng, Louis

    2015-01-01

    The study of collembolan communities from the Vîşcăuți canyon in Moldova revealed 63 species belonging to 41 genera and 12 families, including four species new for the fauna of the Republic of Moldova. A checklist of collembolan species identified in the five calcareous canyons sampled so far in Moldova is included, with data on habitats, life form, occurrence and comments of distribution of most remarkable species. Of the 98 recognized species of these calcareous canyons, only 38 were shared by Vîşcăuți and the other canyons. The richness of calcareous habitats together with the high heterogeneity in faunal composition suggests that further significant increase in the species richness of the region may be expected.

  3. Institutional transfer from the European design practices to Ukraine and Moldova: the case of hospital design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plugaru, Rodica

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the development of post-soviet hospital design through the analysis of recent modernisations in Moldova and Ukraine. It consists of two parts. First, an introduction of the definition of hospital design as well as its main characteristics during the Soviet period. Secondly, a presentation of two hospital modernisations in Ukraine and Moldova. In a comparative perspective, the paper presents the actors involved, the difficulties in modernising the hospital regarding the inherited rules as well as the solutions advanced in order to implement a change. An introduction to the hospital design in Moldova and Ukraine will allow an in-depth study of the involvement of international actors in the post-communist transformations.

  4. ECONOMIC DYNAMICS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE CONTEXT OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor PRISAC

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article provides an analysis of the economic evolution of the Republic of Moldova by defining three evolution and development periods in the regional and global context. Studying the perspectives of integration into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS economy, on one hand, and European integration, on the other hand, is another objective of this chapter. The analysis of the investment climate, the business environment and the foreign trade has a major contribution to the perception of the economic dynamics of the Republic of Moldova. Another research direction of this paper is the analysis of the economic reform efforts undertaken by the government and their impact on the economic system of the Republic of Moldova. The research methodology includes a classical approach, such as methods of comparative, historical-analytical, systemic analysis and quantitative and qualitative analysis.

  5. Republic of Moldova: between the Eropean Union and Commonwealth of Independent States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuri Josanu

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Moldova is the second smallest and the most densely populated of the NIS. It began the arduous task of building a democratic nation and market-based economy as it faced ethnic conflicts and the social hardships accompanying economic and political transformation. The country has pushed ahead with economic policy reform as a model of change among NIS countries. Moldova is also considered one of the top NIS performers in democratic development. Internal political tensions over the pace of reforms have delayed progress in land privatization and fiscal improvement. Underlying all of these issues is the festering problem of Transdniester where ethnic Russians, bolstered by the presence of Russian troops, thus denying Moldova control over significant industrial assets.

  6. EFFECTIVE FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: A STRATEGIC IMPERATIV

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    Lucia CĂPĂŢÎNĂ

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Effective flood risk management in Republic of Moldova: astrategic imperativ. The current status regarding flood risk management in theRepublic of Moldova allows to highlight the inefficacy of existent plans. As a result, itis necessary to develop a medium and long-term strategy, for a more efficientmanagement of flood risks that are continuously increasing (2008, 2010. RealizingFlood Risk and Hazard maps would contribute to the establishment of a quick andeffective Decision Support Spatial System. The scenarios used in flood mapping in EUmember states, the standards linked with flood risk management from EU FloodDirective (2007, could serve as an example for the Republic of Moldova in order toreduce the floods impact on the health of people, on the economic activities and on theenvironment, as well.

  7. INFLATION TARGETING – AN OPTIMAL MONETARY POLICY REGIME FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AT PRESENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg STRATULAT

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The National Bank of the Republic of Moldova, as well as other central banks from other neighbouring countries, with the view to promoting the monetary policy, replaced the objective „ achieving and maintaining the national currency stability” with the target “ensuring and maintaining price stability”. This adjustment conditioned the selection of an optimal monetary policy regime to achieve the respective aim. Further to analysis and research there has been adopted the inflation targeting regime in order to determine the exact amount to a variation interval on a 24 month range. Relying on the experience in implementing the inflation targeting regime by the National Bank of Moldova it was determined that this monetary policy regime is the most adequate for the present socio-economic development of the Republic of Moldova.

  8. Assessing and Increasing the Competitiveness of Republic of Moldova Wine Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liudmila ANTOHI

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Competitiveness is the capacity of countries to create an enabling environment for indigenous business development; using low-cost strategies, differentiation, substitution, leading to increased productivity; creating opportunities to penetrate foreign markets and added value through their form; citizens by providing jobs with high pay, increasing the purchasing power; contributing to economic growth and to establish a balanced social environment. Enhancing competitiveness of national economy is one of five strategic priorities of the Republic of Moldova, stated in the draft National Development Plan. The wine industry is one of the most important branches of national economy in Moldova. But for Moldova's wine production to be competitive on the world market, wine industry itself should become a branch of modern, efficient, with high economic efficiency, which will not be achieved without investment and without attracting high quality production.

  9. Developing a national programme of flood risk management measures: Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramsbottom David

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A Technical Assistance project funded by the European Investment Bank has been undertaken to develop a programme of flood risk management measures for Moldova that will address the main shortcomings in the present flood management system, and provide the basis for long-term improvement. Areas of significant flood risk were identified using national hydraulic and flood risk modelling, and flood hazard and flood risk maps were then prepared for these high risk areas. The flood risk was calculated using 12 indicators representing social, economic and environmental impacts of flooding. Indicator values were combined to provide overall estimates of flood risk. Strategic approaches to flood risk management were identified for each river basin using a multi-criteria analysis. Measures were then identified to achieve the strategic approaches. A programme of measures covering a 20-year period was developed together with a more detailed Short-Term Investment Plan covering the first seven years of the programme. Arrangements are now being made to implement the programme. The technical achievements of the project included national hydrological and hydraulic modelling covering 12,000 km of river, the development of 2-dimensional channel and floodplain hydraulic models from a range of topographic and bathymetric data, and an integrated flood risk assessment that takes account of both economic and non-monetary impacts.

  10. PREMISES FOR CLASS STRUCTURES IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor MOCANU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study represents by its content a competent sum up of the processes which have unfolded in Moldova for more than two decades of transition and it is focused on social stratification dimension. The social stratification itself proves to be a complex phenomenon, including a differentiated system of hierarchies which form up an integral entirety, determining the positioning of an individual within a social group. The opportunity of this monographic study dedicated to bringing out the processes of social stratification is determined by the need to identify the existence and theoretical grounding of the formed up groups or which are in process of being formed up, them being subjected to research by developing scales based on more criteria. The indispensable nature of the investigations is amplified by the development of a new methodology, which would ensure the emphasis being placed on new social structure compatible with reality, approached through the prism of certain measurement indicators. While in Soviet period the social structure was grounded in occupation, there being present a simpliste picture with no consideration for internal hierarchy, neither for the diversity of the activities, nowadays there is an absolutely innovative approach, grounded on the complexity of the processes from within and out of the society, there being pointed out both the traditional dimension and the trends derived from creating a knowledge based society. The work undertakes a multiaspectual analysis of stratification, including economic and political, professional and cultural dimensions.

  11. Warm Season Temperature-Mortality Relationships in Chisinau (Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Corobov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Results of the epidemiological study of relationships between air temperature and daily mortality in Chisinau (Moldova are presented. The research’s main task included description of mortality dependence on different temperature variables and identification of thermal optimum (minimal mortality temperature, MMT. Total daily deaths were used to characterize the mortality of urban and rural populations in April–September of 2000–2008, excluding the extremely warm season of 2007. The simple moving average procedure and 2nd-order polynomials were used for daily mean (Tmean, maximum (Tmax, and minimum (Tmin temperatures and mortality approximation. Thermal optimum for mortality in Chisinau (15.2 deaths was observed at Tmean, Tmax, and Tmin about 22°C, 27-28°C, and 17-18°C, respectively. Considering these values as certain cut-points, the correlations between temperature and mortality were estimated below and above MMTs. With air temperatures below its optimal value, each additional 1°C increase of Tmean (Tmax, Tmin was accompanied by 1.40% (1.35%, 1.52% decrease in daily mortality. The increase of Tmean and Tmax above optimal values was associated with ~2.8% and 3.5% increase of mortality; results for Tmin were not statistically significant. The dependency of mortality on apparent temperature was somewhat weaker below MMT; a significant relationship above MMT was not identified.

  12. Spatiotemporal distribution of reference evapotranspiration in the Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piticar, Adrian; Mihăilă, Dumitru; Lazurca, Liliana Gina; Bistricean, Petruţ-Ionel; Puţuntică, Anatolie; Briciu, Andrei-Emil

    2016-05-01

    The main objectives of this study are to investigate the spatial distribution and changes in reference evapotranspiration ( ET 0) in the Republic of Moldova. Monthly data of maximum and minimum air temperature, sunshine duration, relative humidity, and wind speed recorded at 14 weather stations over a period of 52 years (1961-2012) were used. ET 0 was computed based on the FAO Penman-Monteith formula. Annual and growing seasons of winter wheat and maize time series were analyzed for the 1981-2012 period as well as for the 1961-1980. The trends and their statistical significance in ET 0 series were detected using Mann-Kendall test and T test, while the magnitude of the trends was estimated using Sen's slope and linear regression. For the 1981-2012 period, the results indicated that annual ET 0 had a positive trend in more than 90 % of the time series according to both parametric and nonparametric methods. The magnitude of positive trends in annual ET 0 series ranged between 13.80 and 72.07 mm/decade. In the growing seasons of winter wheat and maize, the results are similar to those found in the annual series. Significant decreasing trends dominated over the 1961-1980 period.

  13. Nuclear Terrorism - Dimensions, Options, and Perspectives in Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaseashta, Ashok; Susmann, P.; Braman, Eric W.; Enaki, Nicolae A.

    Securing nuclear materials, controlling contraband and preventing proliferation is an international priority to resolve using technology, diplomacy, strategic alliances, and if necessary, targeted military exercises. Nuclear security consists of complementary programs involving international legal and regulatory structure, intelligence and law enforcement agencies, border and customs forces, point and stand-off radiation detectors, personal protection equipment, preparedness for emergency and disaster, and consequence management teams. The strategic goal of UNSCR 1540 and the GICNT is to prevent nuclear materials from finding their way into the hands of our adversaries. This multi-jurisdictional and multi-agency effort demands tremendous coordination, technology assessment, policy development and guidance from several sectors. The overall goal envisions creating a secured environment that controls and protects nuclear materials while maintaining the free flow of commerce and individual liberty on international basis. Integral to such efforts are technologies to sense/detect nuclear material, provide advance information of nuclear smuggling routes, and other advanced means to control nuclear contraband and prevent proliferation. We provide an overview of GICNT and several initiatives supporting such efforts. An overview is provided of technological advances in support of point and stand-off detection and receiving advance information of nuclear material movement from perspectives of the Republic of Moldova.

  14. MEDIA MANIPULATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WAR IN UKRAINE AND THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladislav SARAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Media manipulation and psychological war in Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova is a battleground of various psychological methods in order to subordinate the masses often under cover of alleged common good. In this regard Russian propaganda machinery is one that works perfectly since the Soviet period. Ukrainian crisis swept the struggle for Ukraine's informational space which has also affected neighboring countries, here referring to Moldova. The conflict between Ukraine and Russia now is more ambiguous because information warfare methods and techniques have become more sophisticated and aim directly to misinformation, informational intoxication and propaganda through the media.

  15. CHARACTERISTICS AND STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF PORK SECTOR IN MOLDOVA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigore BALTAG

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a comparative study of the pig livestock between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union. The paper analyzes the dynamics and the current state of the meat market, especially the market of pig production, calculated indices of attractiveness of the project. The results demonstrate the high competitive sector from the European Union, the reserves increase on the sector from the Republic of Moldova, especially the costs and the price. The conclusions can be considered as recommendations for government institutions responsible for this sector.

  16. Macroeconomic situation in Moldova in terms of the economic crisis 2008-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihail PĂDUREAN

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The world economic crisis has exerted a negative impact on the economic development of Moldova, but recent trends show that since 2010 the country has been recording a small economic growth. The article examines the problems faced by the Moldavian economy during recession, as well as the subsequent changes with reference to macroeconomic indicators. The paper is a review of the materials of the Institute of Economics of the Republic of Moldova and other institutions, as well as a collection of literature and the author's own opinions. It makes use of the descriptive method and deductive and inductive reasoning.

  17. Possible Scenarios of Ecotourism Evolution in Republic of Moldova from the Perspective of Ecosystem Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popa, B.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available By using the Sector Scenario Approach, the present paper aims to fill an important gap of information regarding ecotourism activities connected with the management of protected areas in the Republic of Moldova. The paper captures the economic value of landscape as ecosystem service and assesses the development perspective of this sector by comparing “business as usual” and “sustainable ecosystem management” scenarios, giving also information regarding the effect of the ecotourism across the economy of the Republic of Moldova.

  18. DYNAMIC MODEL “ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION - GDP” FOR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sit B.M.

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the development of econometric models of electricity consumption in Republic of Moldova with the purpose of definition of potential possibilities of GPD influence on electricity consumption processes.In this paper, we examine the causal relationship between the per capita electricity consumption and the per capita GDP for Republic of Moldova using VAR model. Our results show that there is bidirectional causality from per capita GDP to per capita electricity consumption and vice versa. The finding has significant implications from the point of view of energy conservation, emission reduction and economic development.

  19. THE CONTRIBUTION OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR TO GDP IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia ROTARU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Currently, we are witnessing to a steady decline of contribution of agriculture in the Republic of Moldova to the formation of macroeconomic indicators. However, agriculture remains an important sector for the national economy in the Republic of Moldova. About 24.3% of the working population is employed in agricultural sector, and the share of agriculture in gross domestic product in 2013 was of 12.3%. The approached subject in this scientific work is current and emphasizes the problems which farmers are facing in economic, social and uncertain conditions.

  20. Studies on the binary complexes of rare earth metal ions with NEB by potentiometry%稀土元素与NEB二元配合物的pH电位法分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫世才; 朱元成; 郭峰; 董小宁

    2003-01-01

    @@ 氨三乙氧基三苯甲酸(NEB)(NEB*HCl的分子结构式见下图)作为有立体选择性的配体,它与铀酰离子UO2(Ⅱ)配位作用已有报导[1].在对NEB质子化常数及二元体系M(Ⅱ)-NEB*HCl(M=Cd、Co、Ni、Cu和Zn)配合物的稳定常数测定的基础上[2],本文在25℃及离子强度为0.2mol/L KNO3的条件下,用精密pH电位法考察二元体系RE(III)-NEB(RE=La→Nd,Sm→Lu,Y)中存在的配合物物种及其稳定常数.

  1. Oil quality parameters and quantitative measurement of major secoiridoid derivatives in Neb Jmel olive oil from various Tunisian origins using qNMR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Mansour, Amir; Gargouri, Boutheina; Melliou, Eleni; Magiatis, Prokopios; Bouaziz, Mohamed

    2016-10-01

    Olive oil contains compounds with interesting biological activities which are influenced by the cultivar, the geographic origin and other factors. The aims of this work were to (1) investigate these factors in Neb Jmel olive oil from various Tunisian origins; (2) determine the influence of geographic conditions on phenolic composition of Neb Jmel olive oil and consequently on the antioxidant compounds; and (3) verify whether oils could be discriminated based on geographical origin. The characterisation of extra-virgin Neb Jmel olive oil produced in its original location has been conducted. Owing to the effect of the genotype and environmental, agronomic and technological factors on the chemical composition of olive oil and its quality, all studied olives were collected at the same season, and their oil obtained under the same processing technique. Many analyses were carried out to characterise the different olive oils: free acidity, peroxide value, fatty acid composition, Rancimat assay, pigments content and phenolic compounds by (1) H NMR. A recently developed method for the direct measurement of the oleocanthal and oleacein levels in olive oil by quantitative (1) H NMR was applied. The method was applied to the study of four Neb Jmel olive oils samples, and a broad variation of concentrations of all four secoiridoids was recorded. The concentration of each ranged from 55 to 529 mg kg(-1) and the sum of the four major secoiridoids (known as D3) ranged from 436 to 1063 mg kg(-1) . The quantification of major phenolic compounds of olive oil by NMR indicated that environmental conditions influence the production of qualitative phenolic fractions. All these compounds can be used as base 'markers' to characterise and differentiate these olive oil on geographic origin. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  2. Planeering kui kaasaegne teos par excellence : kas tulevikku saab välja mõelda? = The plan as a contenporary work par excellence : can the future be made up? / Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammis, Toomas, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Tulevikku saab kavandada läbi visioonide, läbi erinevate erialade teadmistest kokku lõimunud loomingulise akti, mis ei saa kunagi olla liiga täpne. Planeering saab olla teatav süsteem, mis suudab lõputult produtseerida väikseid üsna täpselt koha- ja keskkonnatundlikke produkte, jäädes ise pidevasse loomisse ning pooleliolekusse, olles pidevas interaktsioonis ühiskonnaga viimast lõputult monitoorides ja muutes

  3. Planeering kui kaasaegne teos par excellence : kas tulevikku saab välja mõelda? = The plan as a contenporary work par excellence : can the future be made up? / Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammis, Toomas, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Tulevikku saab kavandada läbi visioonide, läbi erinevate erialade teadmistest kokku lõimunud loomingulise akti, mis ei saa kunagi olla liiga täpne. Planeering saab olla teatav süsteem, mis suudab lõputult produtseerida väikseid üsna täpselt koha- ja keskkonnatundlikke produkte, jäädes ise pidevasse loomisse ning pooleliolekusse, olles pidevas interaktsioonis ühiskonnaga viimast lõputult monitoorides ja muutes

  4. Prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence by type and severity: population-based studies in Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Ukraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismayilova, Leyla; El-Bassel, Nabila

    2013-08-01

    The article estimates the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) by type and severity in population-based samples from three countries of the former Soviet Union (fSU). The article utilized nationally representative data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in Azerbaijan (2006), Moldova (2005), and Ukraine (2007). Respondents were selected using stratified multistage cluster sampling. The sample included ever-married (or cohabitating) females of reproductive age (15-49 years old); weighted sample n = 3,847 in Azerbaijan, n = 4,321 in Moldova, and n = 2,355 in Ukraine. The analysis used multinomial survey logistic regression adjusting for the sampling design and sampling weights. Ten percent of ever-partnered women in Azerbaijan and Ukraine and 20% in Moldova ever experienced physical IPV (without sexual) from their most recent husband or cohabitating partner; 3% of women in Azerbaijan and Ukraine and 5% in Moldova experienced sexual IPV (with or without physical), and 2% of women in Azerbaijan, 3% in Ukraine, and 6% in Moldova experienced violence resulting in severe physical injuries from their most recent partner. In all three countries physical, sexual, and injurious IPV was higher among formerly married women. Compared to women with above secondary education, women with secondary education or below demonstrated higher risk for physical IPV (in Moldova and Ukraine), sexual IPV in Moldova, and injurious IPV in all three countries. Poor socioeconomic status-as indicated by low household wealth status in Azerbaijan and partner's unemployment in Moldova and Ukraine-was significantly associated with higher risk for physical and injurious IPV. In Moldova and Ukraine partners' low level of education was associated with higher risk for sexual IPV. The article demonstrates that experiences and factors associated with IPV are diverse and context specific. The findings may be helpful in targeting interventions to

  5. The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

  6. Evolution of drought severity and its impact on corn in the Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potop, Vera

    2011-10-01

    Droughts in Moldova were evaluated using meteorological data since 1955 and a long time series (1891-2009). In addition, yields for corn ( Zea mays L.), a crop widely grown in Moldova, were used to demonstrate drought impact. The main aim is to propose use of the S i ( S i-a and S i-m) drought index while discussing its potential use in studying the evolution of drought severity in Moldova. Also, a new multi-scalar drought index, the standardized precipitation-evapotranspiration index (SPEI), is tested for the first time in identifying drought variability in Moldova while comparing it with the commonly used standardized precipitation index (SPI). S i-m, SPI, SPEI, and S i-a indices show an increasing tendency toward more intensive and prolonged severely dry and extremely dry summer months. Drought frequency increased through six decades, which included long dry periods in the 1990s and 2000s. Moreover, the evolution of summer evapotranspiration recorded a positive and significant trend (+3.3 mm/year, R 2 = 0.46; p ≤ 0.05) between 1955 and 2009. A yield model based on the S i-a agricultural index and historic corn yields explained 43% of observed variability in corn production when drought occurred in May, July, and August. Increasing severity of the 20-year drought during the critical part of the growing season is raising corn yield losses, as net losses have so far exceeded net gains.

  7. Moldova väitel valmistub Transnistria sõjaks / Marje Aksli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aksli, Marje

    2005-01-01

    Moldovast eraldunud Transnistrias käib ettevalmistus mobilisatsiooniks ja relvastatud jõudude koondamine julgeolekutsooni. Moldova valitsus usub, et Transnistria võimud tahavad sekkuda valimistesse ja soovivad rahvusvahelise tähelepanu suunamist regioonile. Kaart: Transnistria. Lisa: Valimiskastid jäävad suletuks

  8. The Main Directions of The Scientific Reform in Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Percinshi Natalia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects the issues about reforming the Moldavian Science. The author reveals some priorities of the Strategy of Science Evolution Moldova - 2020, which is aimed at the efficient use of intellectual potential by stimulating innovation, human capital consolidation and attraction of young researchers to develop research capacity in high schools and universities.

  9. Parliamentary elites as a democratic thermometer : Estonia, Lithuania and Moldova compared / William E. Crowther, Irmina Matonyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Crowther, William E.

    2007-01-01

    Uuringutulemused Eesti, Leedu ja Moldova parlamentide kohta tõid esile seadusandliku eliidi üllatuslikult madala professionaalse taseme neis riikides: igasse parlamendikoosseisu on kerge pääseda poliitiliselt motiveeritud kuid väikese kogemuspagasiga inimestel. Lisa: Tabelid

  10. 75 FR 4849 - Notice of Entering Into a Compact With the Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... of the Moldovan economy, though, following the collapse ] of the Soviet Union, Moldova lost its... losses to the national economy resulting from the deteriorated road conditions; and (iii) reduce the...--Taxation of Petroleum Products Schedule F--Temporary Admission of Equipment, Vehicles, and Household...

  11. Research, Design and Manufacture of Functional Components of the Microsatellite's Components "Republica Moldova"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostan, Ion; Canter, Valeriu; Secrieru, Nicolae; Bodean, Ghenadie; Blaja, Valeriu

    2012-06-01

    This paper deals with the main current results of investigation , designing and manufacturing of functional components of microsatellite, obtained in the State investigation programm, "Valoristaion of renewable energy in the Republic of Moldova and development of Moldavian Satellite". The satellite will have a mass of 12.5 kg. The paper contains 8 chapters, 11 figures, 11 bibliographical references.

  12. 77 FR 71631 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... COMMISSION Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine; Scheduling of Full Five-Year Reviews Concerning the Antidumping Duty Orders on Steel Concrete...) to determine whether revocation of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bar from...

  13. 77 FR 70140 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, People's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ...] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, People's Republic of...'') initiated the second Sunset Reviews of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bars from.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bars from...

  14. 78 FR 41079 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... COMMISSION Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and... Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1675(c)), that revocation of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete... views of the Commission are contained in USITC Publication 4409 (July 2013), entitled Steel Concrete...

  15. 78 FR 43858 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, the People's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ...] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Belarus, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, the People's Republic... Department of Commerce (``Department'') that revocation of the antidumping duty orders \\1\\ on steel concrete... of the continuation of the antidumping duty orders. \\1\\ See Antidumping Duty Orders: Steel Concrete...

  16. TOURIST TRAFFIC BETWEEN MOLDOVA AND ROMANIA: A LOGISTICAL APPROACH (Methodological issues

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    Alexandru GRIBINCEA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The research of the authors constitutes a succinct analysis of the touristic flows between Moldova and Romania during 2005-2012. The analysis is carried out based on a logistical approach, by comparing the physical touristic and cash touristic flows, and specifies the national statistics in the field of tourism.

  17. 2015 SUMMING-UP OF BANKING FINANCIAL SECTOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Rodica PERCIUN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic and political uncertainty in recent years has adversely affected the activity of Moldovan banks unfavoring the dynamics of the national economy. The 2015 year can be considered a "rigid" year for the Republic of Moldova, built by the liquidation of three financial institutions at the NBM decision (CB "Unibank" SA, CB "Banca Sociala" SA and BC "Banca de Economii" SA, and the tightening of the monetary policy. That has led to mistrust of the population in this sector, creating problems with bank loans and deteriorating of bank asset. However, commercial banks during 2015 remained sufficiently liquid and capitalized (exception is CB "Unibank" SA, CB "Banca Sociala" SA and BC "Banca de Economii" SA. This article aims to research the financial and banking sector from the Republic of Moldova in 2015 in terms of uncertainty. Therefore, the novelty of the article lies in the analysis of the banking sector from the Republic of Moldova under the main financial prudential indicators. The main research methods were: systemic analysis, synthesis, monographic, logic, etc. The main scientific results obtained in the article, as a conclusion of the research are the identification, analysis of the main activity of the banking sector and the proposed set of recommendations on strengthening the financial stability framework in the Republic of Moldova.

  18. On the Road towards Child-Centered Education: Step by Step in Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cincilei, Cornelia

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the outcome of the implementation of the Step by Step child-centered education model in Moldova. The implementation began with 12 classrooms of four-to five-year-old children in five kindergartens. The positive response from parents and teachers received at the end of the first year exceeded all expectations. As a result, 60…

  19. The limited liability company in Romania versus the limited liability company in the Republic of Moldova

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    Silvia Lucia CRISTEA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents parallel legislation in Romania and Republic of Moldova, in the matter of Limited Liability Company (LLC Ltd, aiming to extract similarities and differences to draw reliable conclusions regarding the advantages of setting up this type of company in the two countries.

  20. Ground and Intermediate Water Equilibrium with Water-Bearing Rock Minerals (Moldova) under Anthropogenic Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timoshenkova, A. N.; Moraru, C. Ye; Pasechnik, Ye Yu; Tokarenko, O. G.; Butoshina, V. A.

    2016-03-01

    The calculation results of ground water equilibrium with the major water-bearing rock minerals (Moldova) are presented under the condition of anthropogenic impact. As a calculation model the HydroGeo software is used. It is shown that both “ground water-rock” and “intermediate water-rock” systems are in equilibrium with a number of minerals.

  1. OLICIES AND PRACTICES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IFRS AND NAS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Lica\tERHAN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyse the process of harmonization of national accounting standards of the Republic of Moldova to the international standards. It highlights the main advantages, disadvantages, risks and opportunities regarding the implementation of the new standards. A major step for the Republic of Moldova was the implementation of IFRS, which has become mandatory for all public interest entities from 1 January 2012 and the adoption of new NAS in accordance with EU Directives and IFRS for small and medium-sized entities, for which the transition to IFRS was difficult due to high costs involved. The new NAS came into force on 1 January 2014 as a recommendation, but starting with 1st January 2015 it will be mandatory for all entities. The paper includes a practical analysis of the impact of transition to IFRS on the financial results of a public interest entity- Moldova Agroindbank, which is the largest commercial bank, with the highest market share in the banking sector of the Republic of Moldova. A result of the analysis of primary and secondary indicators calculated on the base of the financial statements prepared by commercial bank at 31.12.11, we found that the transition to IFRS has resulted in the growth of all financial indicators.

  2. Variants in Nebulin (NEB Are Linked to the Development of Familial Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma in Basset Hounds.

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    Dina F Ahram

    Full Text Available Several dog breeds are susceptible to developing primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG, which suggests a genetic basis for the disease. We have identified a four-generation Basset Hound pedigree with characteristic autosomal recessive PACG that closely recapitulates PACG in humans. Our aim is to utilize gene mapping and whole exome sequencing approaches to identify PACG-causing sequence variants in the Basset. Extensive clinical phenotyping of all pedigree members was conducted. SNP-chip genotyping was carried out in 9 affected and 15 unaffected pedigree members. Two-point and multipoint linkage analyses of genome-wide SNP data were performed using Superlink-Online SNP-1.1 and a locus was mapped to chromosome 19q with a maximum LOD score of 3.24. The locus contains 12 Ensemble predicted canine genes and is syntenic to a region on chromosome 2 in the human genome. Using exome-sequencing analysis, a possibly damaging, non-synonymous variant in the gene Nebulin (NEB was found to segregate with PACG which alters a phylogenetically conserved Lysine residue. The association of this variants with PACG was confirmed in a secondary cohort of unrelated Basset Hounds (p = 3.4 × 10-4, OR = 15.3 for homozygosity. Nebulin, a protein that promotes the contractile function of sarcomeres, was found to be prominently expressed in the ciliary muscles of the anterior segment. Our findings may provide insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie PACG. The phenotypic similarities of disease presentation in dogs and humans may enable the translation of findings made in this study to patients with PACG.

  3. ARMONIZAREA MANAGEMENTULUI ACHIZIŢIILOR PUBLICE DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA LA DIRECTIVELE UE

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    Maria COJOCARU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available În acest articol sunt abordate probleme ce vizează reforma sistemului de achiziţii publice al Republicii Moldova şi al României, armonizarea legislaţiei şi a procesului de achiziţii publice la normele europene. Întru realizarea scopului şi sarcinilor propuse au fost aplicate diferite metode de cercetare: monografică, comparativă, metoda grafică. Cercetarea procesului de achiziţii publice, în contextul prevederilor legislative ale Uniunii Europene, a permis autorilor să constate prezenţa unor nereguli şi disfuncţionalităţi în organizarea şi desfăşurarea procedurilor de achiziţii publice la nivel naţional. În concluzie, au fost formulate sugestii menite să contribuie la perfecţionarea managementului achiziţiilor publice din Republica Moldova.HARMONIZATION OF PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT IN MOLDOVA TO EU DIRECTIVESIn this article the author presents a studio on the reform of the procurement system of Moldova and Romania, har­monization of legislation and the process of European procurement rules. In achieving established goals were applied different research methods: monographic, comparative graphical method. Research the procurement process in the con­text of the legislative European Union (EU, allowed the author to declare the presence of irregularities and failures in organization and conduct of procurement procedures at national level. In conclusion, suggestions were made that would help to improve the management of public procurement in Moldova.

  4. USING VARIOUS VISUALIZATION TECHNIQUES TO OUTLINE VULNERABILITY TO DROUGHT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    CONSTANṬA BORONEANṬ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Using visualization techniques to outline vulnerability to drought in the Republic of Moldova. This paper is a demonstration of use of various visualization techniques in representing the results on vulnerability to drought at various times scales in the Republic of Moldova. Monthly precipitation totals from simulated data at 10 km horizontal resolution with a regional climatic model RegCM, CRU TS2.10 land observation data set at 0.5ºx0.5º horizontal resolution and observations recorded at 15 meteorological stations in Moldova were used to compare the annual cycle of precipitation, seasonal variability of precipitation, and the spatial and temporal evolution of drought. The Empirical Orthogonal Functions (EOF analysis was used to identify the principal modes of seasonal variability of precipitation over the country and the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI was calculated as an indicator of drought or wetness at various time scales (1 to 24 months. The period of analysis was 1960-1997. One of the visualization techniques was the Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS which is an easy manipulation and visualization tool for gridded and station meteorological data. We used it to represent the RegCM and CRU data on their grids. The kriging interpolation with a Gaussian model variance was selected as a suitable interpolation tool for the spatial distribution of the SPI and EOF over Moldova. For temporal diagram and mapping, Golden Software Surfer 9.0 and ArcGis Software 9.1 were used. The results presented with these visualization tools emphasize precipitation and drought characteristics over Moldova domain.

  5. The Role of Networking in the Creation of Local Management Knowledge: The Case of the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelemen, Mihaela; Pearson, Gordon; Forrester, Paul; Hassard, John; Railean, Valentin; Hincu, Rodica

    2002-01-01

    Analyzes the role of networking in the creation of local management knowledge in the Republic of Moldova. Discusses Moldovian involvement with the International Institute of Management, including development of the country's first MBA program. (EV)

  6. Mapping the EU–Republic of Moldova Trajectory: Roadblocks on the Way to Economic Integration with the EU

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    Gabrielle G. Bulgari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on EU–Republic of Moldova relations by taking an in-depth look at the Association Agreement and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement’s provisions. Specific attention is given to both the political and economic integration aspects, benefits for the agriculture sector and an assessment of risk factors. Within the European Neighbourhood Policy instrument and the policy of Eastern Partnership, the Republic of Moldova has gained a crucial importance over the past 10 years. Having been positioned between two political and economic strong poles, many times it had to decide on which side to be. Moreover, the Association Agreement signed in June 2014 has updated the EU-Moldova relations and gave it a boost towards European integration, economic and commercial development, encouraging the Republic of Moldova to finally break from its Soviet past and move forward.

  7. Reis tulevikku / Michael Reid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reid, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Viimase 13 kuu jooksul toimusid Ladina-Ameerikas 12 presidendivalimised, 2007. aastal kulub poliitikas põhitähelepanu tõelistele väljakutsetele ning ametisse valitud riigijuhid seisavad silmitsi maailmamajanduse ja jätkamist vajavate majandusreformidega. Diagramm: Ladina-Ameerika SKP. Vt. samas: Tango kahele

  8. Reis tulevikku / Michael Reid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reid, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Viimase 13 kuu jooksul toimusid Ladina-Ameerikas 12 presidendivalimised, 2007. aastal kulub poliitikas põhitähelepanu tõelistele väljakutsetele ning ametisse valitud riigijuhid seisavad silmitsi maailmamajanduse ja jätkamist vajavate majandusreformidega. Diagramm: Ladina-Ameerika SKP. Vt. samas: Tango kahele

  9. Tagasi tulevikku / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2003-01-01

    VII Lyoni kaasaegse kunsti biennaal "C'est arrivé demain / It happened tomorrow" 18. IX 2003 - 4. I 2004. Kuraatorid Xavier Douroux, Franck Gautherot, Eric Troncy, Anne Pontégnie (Brüssel), Robert Nickas (New York)

  10. Eri teed tulevikku? : kolmekümneaastaste põlvkonna sissetulekuallikate struktuur ja selle muutused üleminekuperioodil postsotsialistlikes maades / Rein Murakas, Denis Trapido

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murakas, Rein, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Järg nr. 8 lk. 1764-1791. Sissetulekuallikate stabiilsuse ja muutlikkuse probleemist Eestis, Sverdlovski ja Harkovi oblastis Ukrainas, Lätis, Moldovas, Valgevenes ja Tadzhikistanis aastatel 1992-1998. Kasutatud on rahvusvahelise longituudse uurimisprojekti "Põlvkonna eluteed" (PE) andmeid. Tabelid: PE riikide sotsiaal-demograafilised ja arengunäitajad siirdeperioodil; valimi maht regiooni ja PE küsitlusetapi lõikes; analüüsis kasutatud tunnused; PE respondentide kuusissetuleku parameetrid regioonide lõikes (sissetulek USA dollarites); sissetulekuallikate esinemissagedus respondentidel (%) ning keskmine sissetulekuallikate arv

  11. Eri teed tulevikku? : kolmekümneaastaste põlvkonna sissetulekuallikate struktuur ja selle muutused üleminekuperioodil postsotsialistlikes maades / Rein Murakas, Denis Trapido

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murakas, Rein, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Järg nr. 8 lk. 1764-1791. Sissetulekuallikate stabiilsuse ja muutlikkuse probleemist Eestis, Sverdlovski ja Harkovi oblastis Ukrainas, Lätis, Moldovas, Valgevenes ja Tadzhikistanis aastatel 1992-1998. Kasutatud on rahvusvahelise longituudse uurimisprojekti "Põlvkonna eluteed" (PE) andmeid. Tabelid: PE riikide sotsiaal-demograafilised ja arengunäitajad siirdeperioodil; valimi maht regiooni ja PE küsitlusetapi lõikes; analüüsis kasutatud tunnused; PE respondentide kuusissetuleku parameetrid regioonide lõikes (sissetulek USA dollarites); sissetulekuallikate esinemissagedus respondentidel (%) ning keskmine sissetulekuallikate arv

  12. Integrarea minorităţilor în discursul politic din Republica Moldova (Integration of Minorities in the Public Discourse from Republic of Moldova

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    Julien Danero IGLESIAS

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available According to the last 2004 census, minorities in the Republic of Moldova - Ukrainians, Russians, Gagauz , Bulgarians and Romanians -make up some 24.2% of the population along the Moldovan majority. These minorities live today in a state that can be considered a "nationalizing" state, following the concept proposed by Rogers Brubaker, a state where the authorities are trying to build a nation-state following the classic model of the nineteenth century. In this state, however, several trends can be observed and there is not a fixed definition of what the Moldovan nation is. Generally speaking, Moldovanists insist on a separate nation and people while Romanianists insist on the unity of Moldovans and Romanians. The article examines this civic nation at the discursive level. Following a methodology inspired by the Vienna School of Critical Discourse Analysis, speeches by President Vladimir Voronin while he was in power between 2001 and 2009 are analyzed. As his discourse can be seen as belonging to the Moldovanist inclusive tendancy, the aim is primarily to determine which role is played by minorities in these speeches. The speeches are then compared with the speeches by interim President of the Republic of Moldova in 2009-2010, Mihai Ghimpu, representing the opposite Romanianist trend. Continuing the analysis proposed by authors such as Vladimir Solonari and Stefan Ihrig, the article demonstrates that in Moldova, despite the fact that the country is sometimes presented as a model of a civic nation, members of minority groups are considered tolerated "foreigners" and that the Moldovan society in the studied period seemed to be developing, at least discursively, without taking minorities into account.

  13. A GEOPOLITICAL STAKE: REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE EURASIAN UNION

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    Mircea-Cristian Ghenghea

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Following the initialling of the Vilnius Agreement from 28-29 November 2013, the Republic of Moldova seemed to have entered the path towards the European integration. The great failure for the Brussels’ leaders was, by far, the Ukraine’s refuse to sign the Association Agreement, a decision placed on the account of Moscow’s influence and which proved once more the fact that the relations between the European Union and the Russian Federation have grown increasingly confrontational over the Eastern Partnership’s countries. In the context of the unrests in Kiev at the beginning of 2014 and subsequently of the pro-Russian movements in the South and East of the Ukrainian state, the Republic of Moldova has acquired a special significance within the geopolitical situation of the region, being regarded as an outpost of what certain analysts already consider to be the “New Cold War”.

  14. LOANS PROVIDED BY CHINESE GOVERNMENT: OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Marina SOLOVIOVA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As external development partners have put on hold their financial support for Moldova, contracting loans from China sparks an increasing interest. Because debates on this topic take place with very little information available, in this article we have made a synthesis of official data disseminated by the Chinese authorities, estimations made by the OECD and other organizations, records from the archive of the National Bank of Moldova, documents from the state register of legal acts, as well as of data published by the press. The results show that, although loans provided by the Chinese government are not an alternative to the loans offered by the IMF and other traditional creditors for budget and balance of payments support, they have a range of peculiar advantages and can be a convenient means of financing projects in the area of energy, industry, and agriculture.

  15. Effects of hail suppression operational programs on hail frequency and environment in Moldova

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    Cazac V.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Hailstorms pose a significant threat to all development sectors of the Republic of Moldova. Despite the availability of the intensive hail suppression operational programs the issues of their efficiency are very relevant for many years. In spite of expectations and previous claims the research findings show that the hail suppression activity in Moldova leads to increase of hail incidence rate (statistically tested at the 0.05 confidence level. Active influence on the hail formation processes has also environmental implications leading to the increased pollution of the environment by the active anti-hail components in the protected areas. Given the controversial effects and missing reliable estimates of the economic benefits, as well as environmental implications, additional investments for developing of the anti hail operational programs is not recommended.

  16. THE DETERMINANTS OF BANKING SYSTEM VULNERABILITY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Dorina CLICHICI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A banking system is more vulnerable when there are felt more negative effects on this as a consequence of the global financial crisis events. In the context of the objective of enhancing financial stability and, in particular, limiting the likelihood of failure of the banking system it is useful to verify how the main characteristics which play a role for banking system vulnerability behaved in the case of the Republic of Moldova: system’s liquidity, capitalization, competition, diversification, presence of foreign banks, and wholesale funding. In order to determine how hard was hit the banking system of Moldova by the recent financial crisis in the article are analyzed quantitative and qualitative the above mentioned characteristics and identified the crisis effects on them.

  17. IMPACTUL POLITICII ENERGETICE A FEDERAŢIEI RUSE ASUPRA SECURUTĂŢII REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

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    Natalia EREMIA

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available În acest articol este cercetată o problemă foarte actuală – problema energiei. Energia a reprezentat şi continuă să reprezinte unul dintre cele mai importante resurse, fiind un domeniu de importanţă strategică, care determină statul să ţină sub control şi să intervină de fiecare dată când găseşte de cuviinţă. Sectorul energetic este un sector strategic funda-mental de care depinde atât economia naţională, cât şi securitatea Republicii Moldova. Fiind dependentă de importul de carburanţi, în prezent Republica Moldova nu-şi poate asigura securitatea energetică. Analizând situaţia geopolitică şi indiscutabila moştenire care este pusă la pământ, autorităţile sunt forţate să caute noi soluţii, cum ar fi: diversificarea surselor de energie, interconexiunea cu alte sisteme, atragerea de noi investiţii, demonopolizarea şi liberalizarea sectoru-lui energetic. Toate aceste obiective vor crea o platformă durabilă, care va contribui la crearea unei noi etape în dezvoltarea Republicii Moldova, caracterizată de un control eficient al consumului de energie şi de o integrare eficientă în reţea la scară mică de generare a resurselor. Republica Moldova trebuie să recâştige controlul asupra propriei industrii energetice – în special în domeniul gazelor naturale, precum şi în cel al electricităţii – o ramură strategică pentru orice ţară.THE IMPACT OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION'S ENERGY POLICY ON SECURITY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThis article contains some important reflections on the current issue because energy is a fundamental strategic sector on which depends the evolution of the national economy as a whole and at the same time the security of the Republic of Moldova. Currently, the Republic of Moldova cannot fully ensure its energy security, because it is mostly dependent on imports. This is the reality in the country’s energy sector, admitting the inevitable geopolitical situation and the

  18. PROBLEMS OF FINANCIAL STABILITY OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Oxana BEDA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Banks are an integral part of the overall financial activity of the country, business activity indicator in the Republic of Moldova. Therefore, making an analysis of the activities of these institutions, as a system, it will be possible to make correct conclusion about the state of the national economy at the present stage of development of our state. This explains the relevance of the topic.The purpose of this article is to identify the features of the functioning of the financial institutions system, in particular the banking system of the Republic of Moldova. When writing this article we used printed periodicals, book publications, Internet resources. We used scientific methods of research, such as synthesis, grouping, comparing and others.

  19. COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT ON THE FINANCIAL - BANKING MARKET OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Elena FUIOR

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Banking and finance sectors of the Republic of Moldova the same as in other states are of great importance for sustainable development of the whole economy. The existence of normal competitive environment on the banking sector would provide the national economy with necessary inexpensive financial resources and would support the creation of banking and financial systems able to cope with competitive pressures from outside the country. Recent publications regarding the establishment of Moldovan banking sector highlighted several deficiencies in the relevant competitive environment. In this context, we propose an analysis of the competitive environment on the banking sector of the Republic of Moldova, identifying elements limiting competition and guidelines for the improvement of competitive aspects of Moldovan banking sector taking into account the experience of other countries. The analysis of EU countries experience together with suggested recommendations is expected to stimulate competition in the Moldovan finance sector as well as discourage anti-competitive practices.

  20. Landslide Susceptibility Assessment in the Central Part of Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ercanoglu, Murat; Boboc, Nicolae; Sirodoev, Igor; Ahmet Temiz, F.; Sirodoev, Ghenadi

    2010-05-01

    There has been an increasing interest in natural hazard assessments within the scientific community, particularly in the last two decades. In other respect, there is also a dramatically rising trend in the number of natural hazards. Growing population and expansion of settlements and lifelines over hazardous areas have largely increased the impact of natural disasters both in industrialized and developing countries. Furthermore, natural disasters such as earthquakes, landslides, floods have dramatic effects on human life, infrastructures, environment, and so on. Landslides, one of the most destructive natural hazards, constitute a major geological hazard throughout the world, like in Turkey and Moldova. There are a lot of regions affected by landslides in Turkey (particularly the West, Middle and East Black Sea Region) and Moldova (e.g.: area between Nisporeni, Calarasi, Balti, Western Rezina District, Codri Hills in Central Moldova etc.), and consequences of landslides are of great importance in the two countries. In the last 50 years' period, only the economic loss due to landslides in Turkey is estimated about 5 billion , and 12.5 % of the whole settlement areas, including big and populated cities, are facing landslide threat. Similar to Turkey, there are about 16000 areas affected by landslides in Moldova. In February-March, 1998 the intensity of landslides in the central part of Moldova, including Chisinau, considerably increased. In total, 357 private households involving 1400 people were affected, 214 houses were destroyed, and 137 were damaged. The total national damage accounted for 44.3 million Lei. At present on Moldavian territory, there are more than 17000 landslides of various types. These landslides are mostly located within Central Moldavian heights, one of the most complicated geomorphologic structure and territory's fragmentation. Among major landslide triggering factors, in addition to natural ones, one should also consider the anthropogenic

  1. Perspectives of the National Army of the Republic of Moldova under The New Regional Security Architecture

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    Gheorghe MEREUŢĂ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the security complex from the South-East Europe, situated in the area of modern confrontation between the major European powers (Germany, Russia, Great Britain and France, is undergoing a profound political, economic and military restructuring. The USA and NATO, within the UN and OSCE, as well as through other institutions, control the most significant local developments. The concept was imposed by the new politico-military coordinates in Europe and in the world, the limitations of armaments, and the new military relations established in the world. National Army of the Republic of Moldova (hereinafter National Army passes through a complex process of restructuring / modernization. Implemented operational measures and actions, and those that need to be implemented in the next period, refer to the development in the security environment in the area of interest of the Republic of Moldova. Classification-JEL: A23

  2. Ground-based monitoring of solar radiation in Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aculinin, Alexandr; Smicov, Vladimir

    2010-05-01

    Integrated measurements of solar radiation in Kishinev, Moldova have been started by Atmospheric Research Group (ARG) at the Institute of Applied Physics from 2003. Direct, diffuse and total components of solar and atmospheric long-wave radiation are measured by using of the radiometric complex at the ground-based solar radiation monitoring station. Measurements are fulfilled at the stationary and moving platforms equipped with the set of 9 broadband solar radiation sensors overlapping wavelength range from UV-B to IR. Detailed description of the station can be found at the site http://arg.phys.asm.md. Ground station is placed in an urban environment of Kishinev city (47.00N; 28.56E). Summary of observation data acquired at the station in the course of short-term period from 2004 to 2009 are presented below. Solar radiation measurements were fulfilled by using CM11(280-3000 nm) and CH1 sensors (Kipp&Zonen). In the course of a year maximum and minimum of monthly sums of total radiation was ~706.4 MJm-2 in June and ~82.1MJm-2 in December, respectively. Monthly sums of direct solar radiation (on horizontal plane) show the maximum and minimum values of the order ~456.9 MJm-2 in July and ~25.5MJm-2 in December, respectively. In an average, within a year should be marked the predominance of direct radiation over the scattered radiation, 51% and 49%, respectively. In the course of a year, the percentage contribution of the direct radiation into the total radiation is ~55-65% from May to September. In the remaining months, the percentage contribution decreases and takes the minimum value of ~ 28% in December. In an average, annual sum of total solar radiation is ~4679.9 MJm-2. For the period from April to September accounts for ~76% of the annual amount of total radiation. Annual sum of sunshine duration accounts for ~2149 hours, which is of ~ 48% from the possible sunshine duration. In an average, within a year maximum and minimum of sunshine duration is ~ 304 hours in

  3. Remediation of degraded arable steppe soils in Moldova using vetch as green manure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiesmeier, M.; Lungu, M.; Hübner, R.; Cerbari, V.

    2015-05-01

    In the Republic of Moldova, non-sustainable arable farming led to severe degradation and erosion of fertile steppe soils (Chernozems). As a result, the Chernozems lost about 40% of their initial amounts of soil organic carbon (SOC). The aim of this study was to remediate degraded arable soils and promote carbon sequestration by implementation of cover cropping and green manuring in Moldova. Thereby, the suitability of the legume hairy vetch (Vicia sativa) as cover crop under the dry continental climate of Moldova was examined. At two experimental sites, the effect of cover cropping on chemical and physical soil properties as well as on yields of subsequent main crops was determined. The results showed a significant increase of SOC after incorporation of hairy vetch mainly due to increases of aggregate-occluded and mineral-associated OC. This was related to a high above- and belowground biomass production of hairy vetch associated with a high input of carbon and nitrogen into arable soils. A calculation of SOC stocks based on equivalent soil masses revealed a sequestration of around 3 t C ha-1yr-1 as a result of hairy vetch cover cropping. The buildup of SOC was associated with an improvement of the soil structure as indicated by a distinct decrease of bulk density and a relative increase of macroaggregates at the expense of microaggregates and clods. As a result, yields of subsequent main crops increased by around 20%. Our results indicated that hairy vetch is a promising cover crop to remediate degraded steppe soils, control soil erosion and sequester substantial amounts of atmospheric C in arable soils of Moldova.

  4. ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA – TODAY’S CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana PISCHINA

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is interesting for businesses, including entrepreneurs and potential investors, as well as for the governmental organizations and public authorities. It provides both an evaluation of Moldova's position on the international socio-economic arena in context of globalization, and suggests action-points and recommendations potentially supporting the growth of the private sector, at the same time fighting poverty and enforcing sustainable economic growth. The purpose of the article is to investigate the influences and challenges of globalization, which, on the one hand, is a positive enabler of global economic development, yet on the other, is a proxy of growing inequality gap between developed and developing economies. Globalization limits the opportunities for qualitative economic growth for a number of developing countries, such as Republic of Moldova, that consequentially are trapped into the 'vicious circle' of poverty. Developing economies must find a way to survive, to restructure towards growth and to remain competitive. To do so they must innovate (technologically and otherwise, since they lack some of the key resources available to the developed industrial economies. One of the main conclusions of the paper suggests that in light of the forthcoming Fourth Industrial Revolution Moldova will have the possibility to ‘leapfrog’ through several stages of the structural ladder at a time entering the path towards qualitative economic growth. Thus, such nations as Moldova do have the potential to break out of the poverty circle and towards qualitative economic development. This particular study is based on the results of the analysis of both quantitative and qualitative indicators of growth of national and international relevance, allowing to track and interpret changes in the economic

  5. PROVIDING AGRICULTURAL RISKS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: TRENDS, PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES

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    Iulia CAPRIAN

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author presents results of scientific researches on the problems which farmers of the Republic of Moldova are facing in the field of risk management and insurance. In conclusion, the author formulates recommendations on farm managers’ opportunities to benefit from subsidized insurance, but also some recommendations resulting from the research of the experience of other countries from the European Union aimed to ensure the entrepreneurial risks in agricultural entities.

  6. A general equilibrium evaluation of trade policy changes in Moldova Republic

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    S. Alanoca

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Taking into account that the economy of Moldova is open to the international markets, it is necessary to study the macroeconomic actions of the country, that are expressed in the elaboration of structural changes in the trade policy, in the exchange rate, in the evaluation of its influence on the Moldavian producers and consumers, and on the income of the government budget. These questions will be the object of the proposed article.

  7. PHYTOSOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE POPULATION OF PAEONIA PEREGRINA MILL. (PAEONIACEAE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Pavel PINZARU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article contains information on the phytosociological study of the population of Paeonia peregrina Mill. in the Central Moldavian Plateau, in the Republic of Moldova. Three releveés (plots, with a total area of 3 ha, are described. These phytocoenoses are proposed to be grouped in the association Paeonio peregrinae-Quercetum pubescentis (Sârbu 1982 Popescu et Sanda 1999.

  8. THE EVOLUTION OF THE INSURANCE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN TERMS OF CONCENTRATION INDEXES

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    Şeptelici Viorica

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of the insurance market in the Republic of Moldova during the first semester of 2011 was characterized by modest trends as regard the key indicators of the sector. Twenty four insurance companies and 68 insurance/reinsurance brokers operated during this period. Accordingly, competitive players are present on this segment, while the appearance of new players will boost the development of the insurance sector in the future.

  9. Physico-chemical spectroscopic mapping of the planetary nebula NGC 40 and the 2D_NEB, a new 2D algorithm to study ionised nebulae

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    Leal-Ferreira, M L; Monteiro, H; Richards, J W

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present an analysis of the physical and chemical conditions of the planetary nebula NGC 40 through spatially-resolved spectroscopic maps. We also introduce a new algorithm --2D_NEB-- based on the well-established IRAF nebular package, which was developed to enable the use of the spectroscopic maps to easily estimate the astrophysical quantities of ionised nebulae. The 2D_NEB was benchmarked, and we clearly show that it works properly, since it compares nicely with the IRAF nebular software. Using this software, we derive the maps of several physical parameters of NGC 40. From these maps, we conclude that Te[NII] shows only a slight temperature variation from region to region, with its values constrained between ~8,000 K and ~9,500 K. Electron densities, on the other hand, have a much more prominent spatial variation, as Ne[SII] values vary from ~1,000 cm^(-3) to ~3,000 cm^(-3). Maps of the chemical abundances also show significant variations. From the big picture of our work, we strongly sugg...

  10. The Evolution of the Integration Process as Effect of the Treaties Signed between Republic of Moldova and European Union

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    Ilie MĂMĂLIGĂ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate the evolutive aspect of the political, economic and commercial development of Moldova’s relations with the European Union and the de jure and de facto adhesion to this European Forum. Thus, it argues and testifies that after 2024 Republic of Moldova will become a titular member of the European Union, also, it counts those 4 evolutive stages of the development of this process. In this way, it is specified the 3rd evolutive stage (2014-2020/24, particularly 2014, of the European integration process of Moldova in comparison with Romania and Bulgaria in 2001. It is demonstrated that the European integration of Moldova represents a perpetual process, which depends on and coincides with the process of the transnistrian conflict solving, and the signing the Republic of Moldova- EU Association Agreement and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement represents the effect of advancing to a new evolutive phase. These agreements substantiate on vertical and horizontal dimension of the economic relations with the European Union. So, it is noticed that the success of this progress represents the new agreements with favorable clauses for Moldova in comparison with the previous ones, stipulated in the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. As a consequence, it appears the passage to new phase of relation development with EU in comparison with the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement signed in 1994. Consequently, in a different hypothesis, it is put forward the idea of the accelerated advancement of the adhesion process of Moldova to the European Union after 2020, provided the resolution of the transnistrian conflict till that period, the gain of new market places of national products, the independent development of an economy based on renewable energy resources, such as eolian and solar energy etc. The liberalization of viza regime in 2014 represents the sine qua non condition of the intensification of Moldova

  11. Epidemiology and control of diphtheria in the Republic of Moldova, 1946-1996.

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    Magdei, M; Melnic, A; Benes, O; Bukova, V; Chicu, V; Sohotski, V; Bass, A

    2000-02-01

    In 1994-1996, the Republic of Moldova was stricken with an epidemic of diphtheria after >30 years of routine diphtheria immunization and the near absence of the disease for nearly 20 years. The intensity of the epidemic gradually grew, reaching a peak in 1994-1995. The epidemiology of diphtheria in Moldova during this period is described along with laboratory findings and control measures. Pharyngeal diphtheria was the predominant clinical form of the disease (97% of cases), and it most often developed in a localized form (70%), with 20% in the toxic form. The clinical diagnosis of diphtheria was bacteriologically confirmed in 91% of cases: Of the cases tested for biotype, 91.3% were gravis, 8.5% were mitis, and 0. 2% were intermedius. Of 494 toxigenic isolates from cases and carriers at the beginning of the epidemic, 47% were nonphagotypeable strains, and 25.7% were phagotype VI strains. Aggressive population-based diphtheria control measures, a mass immunization campaign, rapid case identification, antibiotic prophylaxis and supplemental immunization of close contacts in clusters of infection, and high coverage with routine immunization rapidly controlled the epidemic within Moldova.

  12. HIV type 1 genetic diversity and genotypic drug susceptibility in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandrea, I; Descamps, D; Collin, G; Robertson, D L; Damond, F; Dimitrienco, V; Gheorghita, S; Pecec, M; Simon, F; Brun-Vézinet, F; Apetrei, C

    2001-09-01

    HIV-1 genetic diversity and, for the first time, genotypic drug susceptibility was investigated for strains circulating in the Republic of Moldova (of the former Soviet Union). Eighty-three samples from adults recently infected by intravenous drug use (IDU) (n = 60), heterosexual contact (n = 8), and from blood donors (n = 15) that tested positive from 1997 to 1998, and originating from different regions of Moldova were serotyped. By group-specific and subtype-specific peptide ELISA, patients were infected by serotype A (n = 65), serotype B (n = 1), or were nontypable (n = 17). Heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA) confirmed 11 subtype A and the one subtype B infection. Analyses of pol and env sequences for six of the IDUs confirmed that they were infected with subtype A strain. These strains clustered tightly with subtype A strains isolated from the former Soviet Union in phylogenetic analysis. No mutations associated with drug resistance were detected. The Republic of Moldova is culturally more closely related to Romania (where subtype F dominates the epidemic), but depends economically on Russia (where subtype A is established among IDUs). Thus, our results suggest that the spread of HIV in this region is driven by drug networks rather than being due to cultural similarities.

  13. 'Left behind' but not left alone: parental migration & the psychosocial health of children in Moldova.

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    Vanore, Michaella; Mazzucato, Valentina; Siegel, Melissa

    2015-05-01

    In Moldova, large-scale and rapidly feminised migration flows have inspired a wave of qualitative reports on children "left behind". Despite this recent interest, few studies have empirically evaluated the effects of parental migration on the psychosocial health of such children. Using data collected from a nationally-representative household survey conducted in Moldova between September 2011 and February 2012, this paper analyses the psychosocial health outcomes of children of migrant parents by comparing them with children without migrant parents (n = 1979). Child psychosocial health is measured through caregiver-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) scores. Multivariate regression analyses show that parental migration seldom corresponds to worse emotional symptoms outcomes but does correspond to increased conduct problems. Separate analyses for male and female children show significant gendered differences. The results partially contest the negative results that have been the subject of qualitative reports and, in particular, demonstrate that the migration of mothers infrequently results in worse psychosocial outcomes for children-contrary to what has been assumed in the discourse about parental migration in Moldova.

  14. INFLUENCE OF THE LENGTH OF FRUIT VINES ON THE YIELD AND QUALITY OF MOLDOVA GRAPES

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    Chausov V. M.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of studying the effect of different lengths of fruit vines with the same load wintering buds of bushes on the yield and quality of Moldova grapes. It was found that the biological indicators of fruiting Moldova grapes improved by lengthening fruit vines, taking into account weather conditions. Shortening the vines increases germination and fruitfulness degree base buds and reserve buds. Productivity is increased by lengthening fruit vines. It is determined by the degree of fruitfulness buds of the vine, the development of floscules of wintering buds, bunch and berries weight, number of berries in bunches. The optimum is pruning vines to 10-12 buds. Harmonious taste, weight of bunches and berries, transportability factor fixed high yield of grapes standard (85,6-86,4% with different length of fruit vines. The highest productivity of leaves makes pruning fruit vines to 10-12 buds. The strength of shoot growth and volume growth of bushes reduced at an elongation of the fruit vines. The more moderate growth of shoots observed at long (10-12 buds pruning vines. There is no significant difference to the degree of maturation of shoots with different length vines. In order to increase the yield of Moldova grapes in the central zone of the Krasnodar region expedient cut fruit vines to 10-12 buds

  15. PLURALISMUL MEDIATIC EXTERN ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: RISCURI ŞI AMENINŢĂRI

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    Gonța Ana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aplicarea metodologiei europene de măsurare a pluralismului mediatic pe dimensiunea sa externă punctează, prin date concrete, problemele reale din audiovizualul autohton. Condiţiile în care se dezvoltă piaţa mass-mediei din Republica Moldova în ultimii ani constituie (sau ar trebui să constituie o îngrijorare permanentă pentru breaslă, pentru cercetătorii din domeniu, pentru factorii de decizie şi, nu în ultimul rând, pentru public. Fenomenul de concentrare a proprietăţii în presă, sfidarea normelor deontologice şi profesionale, lipsa de respect pentru consumatorul de informaţie, toate conturează un nivel inadecvat de pluralism mediatic extern.EXTERNAL MEDIA PLURALISM IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: RISK LEVELS AND THREATSThe application of the European methodology for measuring media pluralism on the external dimension indicates, with concrete data, on the real problems in the national broadcasting. The conditions of the developing of media market in Moldova in recent years is (or should be a permanent concern for the journalistic guild, researchers, decision makers, and for the public. The phenomenon of concentration of ownership in the media, the defiance of ethical and professional norms, the lack of respect for the consumer of information, all together outline an improper level of external media pluralism.

  16. Molecular characterization of Echinococcus granulosus in a hyperendemic European focus, the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umhang, Gérald; Chihai, Oleg; Boué, Franck

    2014-12-01

    Cystic echinococcosis is a zoonosis caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. The lifecycle of the parasite is mainly domestic, requiring dogs as definitive hosts and livestock species as intermediate hosts. Although human cystic echinococcosis is a high public health priority in the Republic of Moldova, the rare animal data available concerns only infection in cattle. A preliminary slaughterhouse survey was conducted to assess prevalence and perform the first molecular characterization of E. granulosus sensu lato in sheep and cattle. For the survey, 40 sheep and 19 cattle were inspected. Very high prevalence in sheep (82.5%) and in cattle (78.9%) was found. Molecular analyses identified genotypes G1 and G3 of E. granulosus sensu stricto in all the liver and lung samples. Based on the concatenated sequences of cox1 + nad3 (701 bp), 23 different haplotypes were obtained. Mixed infections by different haplotypes/genotypes were frequently identified in both sheep and cattle. The relatively high (20.0%) cyst fertility observed in cattle argues for the potential contribution of cattle to the lifecycle of E. granulosus sensu stricto, unlike previous observations in Europe. The hyperendemic situation of Moldova can be explained by a high majority of animals slaughtered at home usually without veterinary inspection. Further extensive slaughterhouse surveys with molecular identification also involving pigs and goats are needed to obtain a better overview of the epidemiological situation of E. granulosus sensu lato in this hyperendemic focus in the Republic of Moldova.

  17. THE ACCESS TO FINANCE IN MOLDOVA - BANKING COMPARED TO MICROFINANCE ORGANIZATIONS

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    Viorica POPA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is the comparative analysis of the banking sector with the non-bank sector of the Republic of Moldova, by the elucidation of the main trends of development of microfinance and banking institution in the last five years, as being reflected by the improvement of all indicators. In this article, the author analyses the microfinance institutions in Moldova through the financial soundness indicators (the degree of financial intermediation. In the first part of the article, the author analyses the main trends in the microfinance sector compared to the banking sector in recent years, requiring the implementation of an effective and coherent strategic management for banking and non- performing strategies and to maintain the financially stability through appropriate policies administration and risk management. A very suggestive remark about the author is the difficult access to finance in Moldova, representing a particular importance to any economy. In this context, the shocks arising from the financial and economic crisis have affected both credit supply and demand as well. Thus, the existence of appropriate strategic policy to minimize risk in a bank and microfinance institution, condition a management with a high level of professionalism and quality.

  18. Expansion of health insurance in Moldova and associated improvements in access and reductions in direct payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hone, Thomas; Habicht, Jarno; Domente, Silviu; Atun, Rifat

    2016-12-01

    Moldova is the poorest country in Europe. Economic constraints mean that Moldova faces challenges in protecting individuals from excessive costs, improving population health and securing health system sustainability. The Moldovan government has introduced a state benefit package and expanded health insurance coverage to reduce the burden of health care costs for citizens. This study examines the effects of expanded health insurance by examining factors associated with health insurance coverage, likelihood of incurring out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for medicines or services, and the likelihood of forgoing health care when unwell. Using publically available databases and the annual Moldova Household Budgetary Survey, we examine trends in health system financing, health care utilization, health insurance coverage, and costs incurred by individuals for the years 2006-2012. We perform logistic regression to assess the likelihood of having health insurance, incurring a cost for health care, and forgoing health care when ill, controlling for socio-economic and demographic covariates. Private expenditure accounted for 55.5% of total health expenditures in 2012. 83.2% of private health expenditures is OOP payments-especially for medicines. Healthcare utilization is in line with EU averages of 6.93 outpatient visits per person. Being uninsured is associated with groups of those aged 25-49 years, the self-employed, unpaid family workers, and the unemployed, although we find lower likelihood of being uninsured for some of these groups over time. Over time, the likelihood of OOP for medicines increased (odds ratio OR = 1.422 in 2012 compared to 2006), but fell for health care services (OR = 0.873 in 2012 compared to 2006). No insurance and being older and male, was associated with increased likelihood of forgoing health care when sick, but we found the likelihood of forgoing health care to be increasing over time (OR = 1.295 in 2012 compared to 2009). Moldova has

  19. TREMATODOFAUNA COMPLEXULUI PELOPHYLAX ESCULENTA (AMPHIBIA, ANURA DIN CODRII CENTRALI AI REPUBLICII MOLDOVA. 1. FAMILIILE PLAGIORCHIIDAE, CEPHALOGONIMIDAE

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    Dumitru ERHAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Lucrarea conţine date cu privire la infestarea cu trematode a amfibienilor din familia Ranidae (Amphibia, Anura care populează ecosistemele naturale şi antropizate ale Codrilor centrali din Republica Moldova. Cercetări helmintologice ale amfibienilor au fost efectuate pentru prima dată în Republica Moldova. Rezultatele obţinute atestă infestarea ranidelor verzi (Rana ridibunda, R. lessonae, R. esculenta cu trematode din familiile Gorgoderidae (Gorgodera varsoviensis Sinitzin, 1905, Diplodiscidae (Diplodiscus subclavatus Pallas, 1760, Plagiorchiidae (Opisthioglyphe ranae Frohlich, 1791, Haematoloechus variegatus Rudolphi, 1819, Cephalogonimidae (Cephalogonimus retusus Dujardin, 1845 şi Lecithodendriidae (Pleurogenes claviger Rudolphi, 1819, Pleurogenoides medians,Olsson, 1876, Prosotocus confusus Looss, 1894, Candidotrema loossi, Africa, 1930. În lucrare sunt expuse rezultatele ce atestă nivelul de infestare a complexului Pelophylax esculenta cu specii de trematode din familiile Plagiorchiidae şi Cephalogonimidae. Pentru fiecare specie au fost stabilite: încadrarea sistema-tică, sinonimele, gazdele, localizarea organică, răspândirea geografică, etiologia şi ciclul biologic. De asemenea, este specificat volumul materialului colectat, este dată descrierea morfologică a speciilor, indicat nivelul de infestare în funcţie de vârstă, gen şi ecosistem, acestea fiind însoţite de fotografii şi figuri originale. FAUNA OF TREMATODES OF COMPLEX PELOPHYLAX ESCULENTA (AMPHIBIA, ANURA FROM CENTRAL CODRI FOREST OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. 1. FAMILIES PLAGIORCHIIDAE, CEPHALOGONIMIDAEThe paper presents data on trematodes infestation in amphibians from family Ranidae (Amphibia, Anura in natural and anthropized ecosystems of Central Codri forest from the Republic of Moldova. The helminthological researches of amphibians were accomplished for the first time in the Republic of Moldova. As result the infestation of Ranidae family species

  20. Counteraction towards the Trafficking of “Human Beings”: The Experience of The Republic of Moldova

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    Valeriu Moşneaga

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the attempts made by the Republic of Moldova to take measures against the traffic of human beings. Sexual migration as a mass social phenomenon began in Moldova in the mid 1990s. According to the estimates of experts, today 20,000 to 30,000 people are caught up in it. The reasons forcing people into sexual migration are the socio-economic crisis and the low standard of living of the population. The main destinations of sexual migration from Moldova are Italy, Cyprus, Turkey, Germany, Russia and the Balkan countries. The main route of the traffic in live merchandise goes over the Balkans. The paper identifies four main social groups that voluntarily or by coercion are most often drawn into sexual migration. On the basis of social research, the social portrait of victims of this traffic is presented, and its socio-demographic, economic and organisational traits are described. The authors of the text show that opposition to trafficking in live merchandise has a complex character, which involves integration into the international mechanisms that combat it, using the experience and aid of the international community, and co-ordination of the actions of legislative bodies, of international structures and non-government organisations, both on a national and international level. The authors single-out three main directions of countering the traffic in live merchandise: 1 Prevention of the traffic by providing information to the population on its consequences. Analysis of the press made by the Moldovan non-government organisation for public information showed that the problem of trafficking of women was already an public opinion issue in Moldova. 2 Penalties for persons that organise, recruit and forward “live merchandise”. The article describes the development of legislation in Moldova and the introduction of stricter measures. At the same time, the authors conclude that these measures are so far not sufficiently efficient. 3

  1. ANALIZA INTERACȚIUNII INDICATORILOR MONETARI ȘI DE CREDIT ÎN ECONOMIA REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

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    Tudor SULA

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available În scopul eficientizării activității sistemului de credit și activizării creditării investiționale a sectorului real al econo­miei Republicii Moldova, în baza datelor statistice a fost efectuată analiza dinamicii și structurii masei monetare, inclu­siv a interacțiunii indicatorilor monetari și de credit, precum și a factorilor care influențează asupra evoluției indicatorilor monetari și de credit pe parcursul perioadei 2005-2016. Astfel, pentru eficientizarea activității sistemului de credit al Republicii Moldova la etapa actuală este necesară promovarea unei politici monetare bazate pe corelarea și ajustarea indicatorilor macroeconomici, monetari și de credit; pentru atingerea obiectivelor politicii monetare, sunt necesare noi abordări și practici internaționale, inclusiv cele recomandate de organizațiile financiare internaționale privind îmbunătă­țirea supravegherii prudențiale; Banca Națională a Moldovei urmează să efectueze o conlucrare mai eficientă cu Guvernul Republicii Moldova pentru asigurarea suficientă cu resurse investiționale a necesităților sectorului real al economiei.ANALYSIS OF THE INTERACTION BETWEEN THE MONETARY AND CREDITING INDICATORS IN MOLDOVA'S ECONOMYIn order to streamline the activity of the credit system and activate the investment crediting of the real sector of the economy of the Republic of Moldova, on the basis of statistical data, there was performed an analysis of the dynamics and the structure of money supply, including the analysis of the interaction between the monetary and crediting indicators, as well as of factors influencing on the evolution of monetary and crediting indicators during the period 2005-2016. Thus, in order to streamline the activity of the credit system of the Republic of Moldova at present, it is necessary to promote a monetary policy based on the correlation and adjustment of the macroeconomic, monetary and credit indicators; to achieve the

  2. Larval Habitats Diversity and Distribution of the Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) Species in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulesco, Tatiana M; Toderas, Lidia G; Uspenskaia, Inga G; Toderas, I K

    2015-11-01

    A countrywide field survey of immature mosquitoes was conducted in Moldova with the aim to evaluate the Culicidae species composition in different larval habitats and their distribution in the country. In total, 259 potential larval habitats were sampled in the 53 localities, resulting in 9,456 specimens. Twenty species belonging to the genera Anopheles, Aedes, Culex, Culiseta, and Uranotaenia were collected. Mean species richness in aquatic habitats ranged from 1.00 to 4.00, and, for example, was higher in swamps, flood plains, ditches, and large ground pools and lower in rivers, streams, tree-holes, and containers. Six mosquito species were identified only in a single type of aquatic habitat. Anopheles maculipennis s.l., Culex pipiens pipiens L., and Culex modestus Ficalbi were the most abundant and distributed species representing over 80% of the identified specimens. Three, four, and five associated species were recorded from 23.5% of mosquito-positive aquatic habitats. Our findings demonstrate the co-occurrence of Cx. p. pipiens and Culex torrentium Martini in natural and rural environments. It is concluded that the study area has undergone a dramatic ecological change since the previous studies in the 1950s, causing the near extinction of Culex theileri Theobald from Moldova. An. maculipennis s.l. larval abundance, reduced by the DDT control of the adults in the 1950s, had returned to those of the 1940s. Restoration of An. maculipennis s.l. abundance in combination with imported malaria cases constitute a risk of the reintroduction of malaria transmission in Moldova.

  3. Knowledge and attitudes towards disability in Moldova: A qualitative study of young people's views.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Kenneth A; Hardie, Samantha; Paul, Abigail; Paul, Gary; Savage, Iain; Shields, Paul; Symes, Rebecca; Wilson, Joanna; Winstanley, Catherine; Harden, Jeni

    2017-10-01

    People with disabilities in the Republic of Moldova continue to experience considerable discrimination and social exclusion. The Moldovan government recently affirmed their commitment to promote community integration. However, there remains limited evidence to facilitate understanding of these issues, and barriers to the integrative process. This study explored the knowledge and attitudes towards disability of young people within Moldova. A qualitative approach was adopted and 3 semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with schoolchildren (n = 12), aged 13-15 years. These interviews focussed on different aspects of disability, and community integration. Pictorial and written vignettes were used to stimulate discussion. The interviews were conducted and recorded in Romanian, and were subsequently translated into English to facilitate thematic data analysis. Identified themes included: (1) Knowledge and understanding of disability. The young people's knowledge was limited and framed by the medical model of disability; (2) Attitudes towards community integration. A bias against long-term care institutions, but differing views regarding integration; (3) Perceptions of barriers to community integration: (i) Cultural barriers. Negative, even hostile attitudes towards disability; (ii) Policy barriers. Poor support services; and (iii) Physical barriers. Ongoing issues regarding accessibility. People with disabilities in Moldova experience negative cultural attitudes linked to an outdated conception of disability itself. There are inadequate community support services and infrastructure which act as barriers to inclusion. At present, there can be limited interaction and participation of people with disabilities within local communities, and so few opportunities to refute persistent stereotypes and stigma surrounding disability. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Pattern of primary tuberculosis drug resistance and associated treatment outcomes in Transnistria, Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolgusev, O; Obevzenco, N; Padalco, O; Pankrushev, S; Ramsay, A; Van den Bergh, R; Manzi, M; Denisiuk, O; Zachariah, R

    2014-10-21

    This cohort study assessed drug susceptibility testing (DST) patterns and associated treatment outcomes from Transnistria, Moldova, from 2009 to 2012. Of 1089 newly registered tuberculosis (TB) patients with available DST results, 556 (51%) had some form of drug resistance, while 369 (34%) had multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). There were four cases of extensively drug-resistant TB. MDR-TB patients had poor treatment success (45%); human immunodeficiency virus positivity and a history of incarceration were associated with an unfavourable treatment outcome. This first study from Trans-nistria shows a high level of drug-resistant TB, which constitutes a major public health problem requiring urgent attention.

  5. A new species and new records of Arrhopalitidae (Collembola: Symphypleona) from the Republic of Moldova.

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    Vargovitsh, Robert S; Buşmachiu, Galina

    2015-01-01

    Eight species of the family Arrhopalitidae Stach, 1956 are listed from the Republic of Moldova. A new species, Arrhopalites prutensis sp. nov. is described. It belongs to the diversus group of species with 3, 2, 1, 1 anterior setae on dens, possesses neosminthuroid seta on the furca base region-a character rarely noted for the family. The new species is closely related to A. baccettii Dallai, 1969 and A. antonioi Giuga & Jordana, 2013 described from Sicily. Five species of the family are firstly recorded for the country.

  6. THE IMPACT OF NATURAL RISKS ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Elena NIREAN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Climate, topography and soil are natural conditions of basic agricultural yields. In general, Moldova has favorable climatic conditions and relief. Soils in the North have a high degree of fertility, while the central and southern regions are of average fertility. At the same time natural calamities such as droughts, late spring frosts, hail and floods have a destructive impact on crops. Climate instability is one of the main causes of unstable yields and is an inherent risk for agriculture of the country. More than that, most of the plots lose their natural fertility and require rehabilitation.

  7. PROTECTION OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN ROMANIA AND REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. GUIDELINES

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    Roxana Alina Petraru

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In light of recent conflicts on the issue of minorities and European regulations, the issue of the protection of minority rights appears to be increasingly more important in a world of multiculturalism, which should be a world of dialogue and respect of human rights as well. The fundamental principles of protection of minority rights in Romania and Moldova are reflected, first, by the constitutions of both countries. In this article we analyze comparatively the two fundamental documents and we focus on the reflection of the principle of nondiscrimination based on race or ethnic origin in the national law of the two states.

  8. The Contribution of Banks towards the Formation of Capital Market Liquidity: the Case of Moldova

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    Rodica Hincu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The problem of low liquidity in the capital market of Moldova is addressed in several policy documents at the state level, noting that the low liquidity of the stock market has hampered the proper functioning of the domestic capital market and access to financing its means. In their view, improving the liquidity of the domestic capital market can be achieved through the active involvement of banks into capital market activities. In this article the phrase "banks" are envisaged licensed banks, and there is no reference to the central bank.

  9. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE IN DECISION MAKING ON THE LABOR MARKET OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina GLOBA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Implementation of the business intelligence concept is enabling new opportunities for the labor market research and management. Labor market intelligence means a competent decision making process in the labor market. Such process should be based on the comprehensive set of analytical technologies and tools. The analysis of online information available at websites of state organizations working in the labor market of the Republic of Moldova has shown that many them are still at the very beginning of the effective data using.

  10. Republic of Moldova – the success story of the Eastern Partnership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile Rotaru

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The power change in Ukraine and the violent crackdown on the post electoral protestors in Belarus jeopardize the Eastern Partnership. The EU’s efforts to democratize and stabilize its eastern border could become more and more difficult if Brussels does not find quickly a solution to keep the six partners interested in its projects. This paper examines the latest challenges of the Eastern Partnership and the reasons why the Republic of Moldova could be the successful story the Eastern Partnership is seeking.

  11. The digital technologies as the chance for sustainable development of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Gaindric

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The European Union initiated the project ``e Europe: An Information Society For All'' which is oriented first of all to the Member States. The candidate countries prepared the project ``e Europe+. A co-operative effort is to implement the Information Society in Europe'' which aims at the co-ordination of time of joining the Information Society with Member States. Moldova, which now goes through a very complicated time of the transition to market economy, can and should use its chance to form sustainable economy based on the opportunities of information technologies.

  12. FISCAL POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE FISCAL CONTROL AND ENTITY BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olimpiu GHERMAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It is an actual theme, determined by achievements of tax control in Moldova and its impact on the behaviour of the entity as important elements of fiscal policy. There are examined different methods for differentiating the problem, supplemented by deduction, induction, synthesis, analysis of defining phenomena of fiscal policy and its elements. The methodology used in this study is based on assessments of the theory, studies and interpretations of specialized literature and analyzes the practical activities specific for taxation at national, European and international levels, depending on which some opinions, conclusions and proposals were founded and formulated, to minimize the impact of tax evasion and fraud.

  13. TRENDS IN THE WINE SECTOR EFFICIENCY IN AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena TIMOFTI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the level of development of the wine sector in agricultural enterprises of the Republic of Moldova during 2001-2011. It was analyzed the dynamic of fruit bearing surfaces of the vine, global production and the yield per 1 ha. There were determined the indicators of economic efficiency the grapes and the trend of modifying the wine sector’s efficiency for the years 2013-2016 using analytical leveling process according to linear function.

  14. LUMINIŢA ROŞCA, Transformations of Journalism in the Republic of Moldova: Discourses, Actors and Professional Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VALENTINA PRICOPIE

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the indicators of the transformation of journalism as profession in the Republic of Moldova. It focuses on the practitioners'anticipation of a stable professional configuration and identity in the context of a potential liberalization of the media market in this country.

  15. Russia and the OSCE - The Influence of Interested Third and Disinterested Fourth Parties on the Conflicts in Estonia and Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claus Neukirch

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyse the influence of external actors on the domestic conditions surrounding the conflicts in Estonia and Moldova. It attempts to answer the question why the Moldovan conflict turned violent while the Estonian conflict remained peaceful.

  16. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION ON THE FINANCIAL PUBLIC MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia ROTARU

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available European integration is not just a goal of the foreign policy of the Republic of Moldova, but also a natural aspiration of an European nation to join the European family and the signing of the Association Agreement between Moldova and the European Union is an important step in achieving this goal. The Republic of Moldova has developed and continues to promote rigorous reforms in the area of public finance management. In this article we have analyzed the main reforms and achievements in the field of public finance management in the Republic of Moldova, their importance by reference to good European practices, but also the need to continue them in the context of signing the Association Agreement. The authors argue that until now, the public finance management reform had been focused mainly on the planning and execution phases of National Public Budget, nonetheless the main problems lay in poor budgetary reporting and control. Corruption and fraud are the main risk areas for all the promoted reforms. The conclusion of this paper is that the most urgent actions that should be undertaken consist in improving public procurement procedures, enhancing the internal control, financial inspection and external audit. Only in such a way trustful relation with EU could be created and this is particularly important as it could permit to absorb more European funds to invest in the economic and social development in our country.

  17. ADVANCES IN ORGANIC, BIOORGANIC AND NATURAL PRODUCTS CHEMISTRY IN THE INSTITUTE OF CHEMISTRY OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel F. Vlad

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This overview deals with the advances in the investigation in the fi eld of organic, bioorganic and naturalproducts chemistry as well as the biologically active compounds in the Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova.

  18. 78 FR 76653 - Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... COMMISSION [Investigation Nos. 701-TA-417 and 731-TA-953, 957-959, 961, and 962 (Second Review)] Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and Tobago, and Ukraine Scheduling of full five-year reviews concerning the countervailing duty order on carbon and certain...

  19. 78 FR 60316 - Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... order on carbon and certain alloy steel wire rod from Mexico. The Commission found that the respondent... COMMISSION [Investigation Nos. 701-TA-417 and 731-TA-953, 957-959, and 961-962 (Second Review)] Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and Tobago, and...

  20. 78 FR 33103 - Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-03

    ... COMMISSION [Investigation Nos. 701-TA-417 and 731-TA-953, 957-959, 961, and 962 (Second Review)] Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod From Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Moldova, Trinidad and Tobago, and Ukraine... countervailing duty order on carbon and certain alloy steel wire rod (``wire rod'') from Brazil and...

  1. Molecular detection of tick-borne pathogens in Ixodes ricinus from Moldova collected in 1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Movila, Alexandru; Toderas, Ion; Uspenskaia, Inga; Conovalov, Jurii

    2013-06-01

    This study is the first report about the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens, as well as their (co-)infection rates, in the museum-archived I. ricinus female ticks collected in Moldova in 1960. A total of 16.7% (21/126) ticks was mono-infected. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto was revealed as the most abundant species (4.8%) followed by B. garinii (1.6%), B. afzelii (0.8%), B. valaisiana (0.8%), and B. lusitaniae (0.8%). DNA of Rickettsia helvetica (2.4%), R. monacensis (2.4%), Anaplasma phagocytophilum (2.4%), 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' (0.8%), and Babesia microti (0.8%) were also detected, indicating the occurrence of these emerging tick-borne microorganisms in Moldova since 1960 at least. In this study, we detected a co-infection (0.8%; 1/126 tested ticks) between B. microti and R. helvetica. Additional investigations are warranted to further characterize a historical snapshot of the distribution of tick-borne pathogens in Europe.

  2. Slaughterhouse survey of cystic echinococcosis in cattle and sheep from the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chihai, O; Umhang, G; Erhan, D; Boué, F; Tălămbuţă, N; Rusu, Ş; Zamornea, M

    2016-05-01

    The Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm is responsible for cystic echinococcosis (CE), a zoonotic disease with worldwide distribution. The life cycle of the parasite is mainly domestic and takes place between dogs and livestock species. A slaughterhouse survey was conducted in 2012 in the Republic of Moldova in order to estimate the prevalence of CE. A total of 1525 cattle, 5580 sheep and 12,700 pigs were surveyed. No CE infection was observed in pigs, while prevalence was estimated at 59.3% in cattle and 61.9% in sheep. Infection was significantly higher in animals raised in private households than in those from collective farms. The frequency of infection increased with age in both species. In cattle and in sheep, infection of both the liver and lungs was the most common, while infection in the lungs only was much less frequent. Farm type appears to be an important factor in CE infection in Moldova, due to the extensive farming and the home-slaughtering undertaken in the majority private sector, despite a high prevalence of CE also recorded in the public sector. The low fertility of cysts in cattle (1.1%) compared to sheep (47.6%) confirmed the maintenance of E. granulosus sensu stricto in a dog-sheep life cycle which excludes cattle. Further studies are needed to obtain a complete overview of the parasite's epidemiology in its intermediate and definitive hosts, in order to implement control and preventive measures, with specific attention given to farms in the private sector.

  3. A project to improve the quality of abortion services in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comendant, Rodica

    2005-11-01

    Abortion has been available legally in Moldova since 1955, and since then the abortion rate has gradually declined. The quality of abortion care remains low, however, and there is a high level of maternal mortality related to unsafe abortion. The goals of the 2005-2015 National Reproductive Health Strategy are to reduce unwanted pregnancy, reduce abortion-related morbidity and mortality, improve access to and quality of abortion care, including the methods of vacuum aspiration and medical abortion. This paper presents information on the current abortion law, policy and services in Moldova. It describes a project whose aim is to improve the quality of abortion services, including the introduction of medical abortion through training of service providers and community education. Manual vacuum aspiration has also recently been introduced. The drugs for medical abortion are officially approved, a clinical study evaluating the efficacy and acceptability of medical abortion in a low-resource setting has been completed, and training of providers has been carried out. However, institutionalisation of medical abortion faces many problems in relation to organisation of service delivery, the higher cost of medical than aspiration abortion, and doctors' reluctance to use new methods.

  4. Study of Corynebacterium diphtheriae strains isolated in Romania, northwestern Russia and the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damian, Maria; Grimont, Francine; Narvskaya, Olga; Straut, Monica; Surdeanu, Maria; Cojocaru, Radu; Mokrousov, Igor; Diaconescu, Angela; Andronescu, Constantin; Melnic, Anatol; Mutoi, Ludmila; Grimont, Patrick A D

    2002-03-01

    A selection of 167 Corynebacterium diphtheriae strains isolated in Romania, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova were analysed by biotyping, phage typing, the toxin production test and by molecular techniques such as ribotyping, pulsed field gel electrophoresis and random amplified polymorphic DNA, in order to establish the epidemiological relatedness, genetic divergence and strain circulation within and between the bordering countries. Using a set of five digoxigenin-labeled oligonucleotides and BstEII digestion, 34 ribotypes were identified. The strains isolated in the epidemic areas (Russia and Moldova) were very closely related but different from those isolated in Romania. C1 and C5 were the main ribotypes identified in these areas. Neither ribotype was found in Romania, where the main circulating types were C3 and C7. Field inversion gel electrophoresis was more discriminative than ribotyping and revealed 54 macrorestriction profiles after SfiI restriction. Both methods showed a significant homogeneity of the strains from epidemic areas and a large diversity among the Romanian strains. Random amplification was useful as an identification method for the epidemic strains, but not for the Romanian ones which displayed a large number of amplification profiles. The phenotypic methods associated with molecular typing techniques enabled distinguishing between strains, detecting the epidemic clone, and sustaining the absence of transmission across borders.

  5. Restructuring, Rationalizing and Modernizing Higher Education Sector in the Republic of Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book presents the recommendations on restructuring, rationalization and modernization of higher education sector in Moldova. It consists of three parts. In part one, legislative proposals are presented in which inter alia the new structure of the sector is suggested, new key players are iden......This book presents the recommendations on restructuring, rationalization and modernization of higher education sector in Moldova. It consists of three parts. In part one, legislative proposals are presented in which inter alia the new structure of the sector is suggested, new key players...... are identified and described and respective relationships are formulated, governance and management are clearly defined, teaching and research formula are described, and restructuring and rationalization road maps are developed. In part two, a commentary on the Code of Education in effect is provided...... by comparing it with the legislative proposals presented in part 1; the commentary on the Code of Education is restricted to the sections on Higher Education. In part three, a guide of good practice is presented. It draws on the benchmark analysis of the institutional university autonomy in Denmark, Lithuania...

  6. THE LABOUR AND ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE EUROPEAN CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica GARBUZ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The economic competitiveness of a country is analyzed from several perspectives, including through the labor of the land available, gifted people’s skills and abilities, the level of employment, the standard of living and the level of population welfare. Currently, according to international hierarchies on competitiveness drawn up by the World Economic Forum (WEF, Republic of Moldova is in the second half of the league, failing, than with some small exceptions, to move towards more favorable positions. This is due to a set of factors whose action is felt for a long time, and improve prospects hierarchical position requires major revisions mentalities, policies, strategies and means of act ion. This article aims to analyze the theoretical and practical aspects on the role of labor, along with other factors in ensuring economic competitiveness of Republic of Moldova in the process of pre-accession to the European Union and integration into European economic structures. Efficient investment in human capital through education and training system should be an essential component of the country's strategy to ensure a high level of sustainable economic growth and employment knowledge-based workforce that provides both personal fulfillment and increased welfare and national competitiveness.

  7. PREMISES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN EUROPEAN CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigore BELOSTECINIC

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Applying the principles of sustainable development and ensuring sustainable economic development are of primordial actuality for the Republic of Moldova. Promoting sustainable development presupposes correlating economic growth with improving the quality of life and health, education, social development and environmental protection. The issue of sustainable development as a complex phenomenon is approached under the conditions of the influence exerted by some constraints and restrictions, of the existence of some serious economic, social and technological gaps in regional and European context. The analysis of the external commercial flows of goods highlights the predominance in exports of products from the traditional economic sectors. Improving competitiveness of export is regarded as the decisive factor of sustainable economic growth. For the chapter regarding the reform of the investment climate, modest successes are recorded which did not give the necessary impetus to massive foreign capital entries under the form of foreign direct investments as compared with other Central and Eastern European countries. The low attractiveness for foreign direct investments is attenuated by the small size of the local market and the low purchasing power of the population. Ensuring economic sustainable development is approached within the context of creating the necessary premises and valuing the opportunities provided by the protects for European integration of the Republic of Moldova.

  8. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC AGEING PROCESS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Olga SÂRBU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this paper consists in analyzing economic and social aspects of demographic aging process in Moldova. To interpret the accumulated data and calculations performed analytical method of calculation tabular method and graphical method was applied. Intense process of aging is associated with changes in all spheres of social and economic life and affects equally the interests of older people and society as a whole. In Republic of Moldova aging population has grown in the last two decades, being conditioned both declining birth rate, which is very low and does not provide simple reproduction of the population and the mass migration of population that leads to the depopulation of the country. Maintaining the natural and migration increase with negative values amplifies the negative demographic deterioration of the country, which influences economic development, competitiveness and stability of the country and welfare of its citizens. In this situation it is necessary to respond positively to the challenges of demographic change through the complex and multisectoral approaches designed to correct current unfavorable demographic evolutions.

  9. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DIMENSIONS OF BUSINESS CONSULTING MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Natalia LOBANOV

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Business-consulting services, as well as any other product, are designed to be sold;however, the recipients of such services shouldrecognize the need to invest in harnessing organizational knowledge of the enterprise, which requires a certain level of economic maturity,managerial intelligence and well developed management skills. On the other hand, the domain of business consulting services is determined by the availability of market knowledge, professional experience and technologies that match those organizational and production problems that require intervention to be resolved. These technologies and knowledge have to be systematized, adapted and incorporated into a form that allows its use and transmission by the consultant to the customer during advisory mission. This study has the aim to determine the interdependencies between supply for business consulting services in the Republic of Moldova,and for this purpose, there were investigated the following aspects: the identification of factors of influence and trends that are manifested on the local advisory services; market research performance made by an industrial survey in order to assess the situation on the market of consulting services, its advantages and constraints; formulating estimates of market development forecasts for consulting services in Moldova for the period of 2016-2020.

  10. Assessing and Improving Children's Rights in Hospitals: Case Studies from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isabel Fernandes Guerreiro, Ana; Kuttumuratova, Aigul; Monolbaev, Kubanychbek; Boderscova, Larisa; Pirova, Zulfiya; Weber, Martin W

    2016-06-01

    There is a recognized need to raise evidence on how to adopt human rights-based approaches (HRBAs) to health and to assess their impact. In 2013 and 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe used a set of tools to assess and improve the situation of children's rights in 11 hospitals in Kyrgyzstan, 10 hospitals in Tajikistan, and 21 hospitals in Moldova, by applying a HRBA to health, taking as a reference the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment results show a similar situation across countries in some areas, and more or less significant variation in others. Common gaps include the need to improve adolescent-friendly health services, the rights to privacy and play; and infrastructure and equipment. In Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, a second round of assessment, was carried out, which showed an effective change in several areas, whilst other areas showed persistent gaps. Moldova did not carry out a second round of assessment. Involving children and parents in the assessment was crucial to obtain more reliable data; the project showed how to use the CRC as a framework to improve quality of care for children (QoC); and the tools were proven useful for self-assessment.

  11. Somatic embryogenesis and histological analysis from zygotic embryos in Vitis vinifera L. 'Moldova'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    We examined the somatic embryogenesis from and histological studies of zygotic embryos of seeds in European Grape 'Moldova' (Vitis vinifera L. 'Moldova'). Primary calli were initiated on Nitsch and Nitsch (NN) medium supplemented with 1.0mg'L-1 2,4-D and 0.5 mg'L-1 6-BA. Embryogenic calli were produced upon transfer to a NN medium with 0.5 mg-L-1 6-BA and 2 mg.L-1 NAA and somatic embryos were obtained on a half strength MS medium without plant growth regulators. During the somatic embryo germination, an addition of 1.0 mg.L-1 6-BA in the medium could accelerate somatic embryos to develop into normal plants and increase the conversion rate from 0 to 43.3%. Histological studies of embryogenic calli and somatic embryos demonstrated dy-namic changes of proteins and starch grains. The developmental processes of somatic embryos were similar to those of zygotic em-bryos, including typical epiderma, cotyledon primordium and vascular tissue.

  12. LOCAL FOOD SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor MOROZ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The main challenge of the food sector in the Republic of Moldova is to identify specific needs and opportunities for agriculture and rural development throughout food supply chains, and focusing investment in areas where the most impact will be made. The identification and allocation of resources requires analysis of main dimensions of food supply chains, in order to establish links and determine local factors. In small transition economies the diagnosis of the food supply chains, is typically based on limited data and incomplete information. In order to investigate the actual state of food supply chains were used specific methods and techniques: statistical and economic analysis of macro-economic indicators, semi-structured interviews of key stakeholders, analysis of the impact of public policies on the agro-food sector. In the article is analyzed the process of food systems formation and integration at the local and global level. Although it is a small part of the overall agricultural sector, various local food systems are under development in the Republic of Moldova. These systems bring consumers in close contact with farmers and mobilize them to support local farms and sustainable farming practices. While local food systems continue to face many barriers, many of them show considerable potential for growth.

  13. RESEARCHING THE GENDER ASPECT IN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT (THE CASE OF MOLDOVA, UKRAINE AND BELARUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena ACULAI

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The SME sector covers economic operators that substantially differ by many parameters: size of enterprises, types of activity, etc., including entrepreneurs’ characteristics – their ethnic, gender, age and other peculiarities. The specificity of different groups of enterprises and entrepreneurs is important both for attracting attention of the society to their problems and for the elaboration of business regulation policy on local, national and international levels. The purpose of the paper is investigation of characteristics of female entrepreneurship in some countries with transition economy – Moldova, Ukraine, and Belarus. In particular, possibilities of women–entrepreneurs to access different types of resources are presented, peculiarities of women’s character that influence the entrepreneurial activity are elucidated, need of governmental assistance to women that initiate and develop own business is examined. Common characteristics and some peculiarities in the female business development in the three countries are outlined. The investigation is based on results of questionings and interviews with women – owners and managers of enterprises, first of all, SMEs, from Moldova, Ukraine, and Belarus.

  14. INTERNAL DIMENSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND GEORGIA’S EUROPEAN INTEGRATION PROCESS: ACHIEVEMENTS AND DIFFICULTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina MORARI

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Republic of Moldova and Georgia have signed the Association Agreement with European Union and are firmly directed to obtain the prospect of EU membership. This article seeks to realize an analysis of internal dimension of European integration process of these two countries and namely focuses on the study of key priorities, tasks, problems and difficulties that Moldova and Georgia meet in order to reach the domestic readiness for realization of their European aspirations. The research was supported by FP7 Marie Curie IRSES programme.DIMENSIUNEA INTERNĂ A PROCESULUI DE INTEGRARE EUROPEANĂ A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA ŞI GEORGIEI: REALIZĂRI ŞI DIFICULTĂŢIRepublica Moldova şi Georgia au semnat Acordul de Asociere cu Uniunea Europeană şi acum sunt orientate spre a obţine perspective de a deveni state membre ale comunităţii europene. În articolul de faţă se analizează dimensiunea internă a procesului de integrare europeană a acestor două state şi atenţia se focusează, în special, pe cercetarea priorită-ţilor-cheie, a sarcinilor pe care le au şi a problemelor şi dificultăţilor cu care se confruntă Moldova şi Georgia în vederea pregătirii lor interne pentru realizarea aspiraţiilor europene. Cercetarea a fost realizată în cadrul Programului FP7 Marie Curie IRSES.

  15. INVESTIGAŢII HERMENEUTICE ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA ŞI ÎN ROMÂNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina ŞAVGA

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Prezentul studiu este consacrat analizei evolutive a cercetărilor privind interpretarea dreptului prin prisma herme­neu­ti­cii în spaţiul Republicii Moldova şi în cel al României. Starea actuală a investigaţiilor hermeneutice în Republica Moldova şi în România este determinată de posibila nedorinţă de a explora un domeniu nou prea sofisticat sau, totuşi, de inutilitatea metodei propuse. Astfel, interpretarea dreptului este abordată ca proces, autorii evidenţiind în mod special metodele şi procedeele de interpretare, fără a fi pe larg elucidate natura, esenţa interpretării, rolul şi semnificaţia ei pentru doctrină şi practică.EVOLUTION OF HERMENEUTICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN MOLDOVA AND IN ROMANIAThis study is devoted to analysis of research on the evolutionary interpretation of the law through the hermeneutics space in the Republic of Moldova and in Romania. The current status of the hermeneutical investigations in Moldova and Romania is due to the potential reluctance to explore a new area or too sophisticated, however, the futility of the proposed method. The interpretation of the law is approached as a process, in particular highlighting the authors methods and processes of interpretation, without extensively elucidated the nature, substance interpretation of the role and its significance to the doctrine and practice.

  16. Frequency and Distribution of Tuberculosis Resistance-Associated Mutations between Mumbai, Moldova, and Eastern Cape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georghiou, S B; Seifert, M; Catanzaro, D; Garfein, R S; Valafar, F; Crudu, V; Rodrigues, C; Victor, T C; Catanzaro, A; Rodwell, T C

    2016-07-01

    Molecular diagnostic assays, with their ability to rapidly detect resistance-associated mutations in bacterial genes, are promising technologies to control the spread of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB). Sequencing assays provide detailed information for specific gene regions and can help diagnostic assay developers prioritize mutations for inclusion in their assays. We performed pyrosequencing of seven Mycobacterium tuberculosis gene regions (katG, inhA, ahpC, rpoB, gyrA, rrs, and eis) for 1,128 clinical specimens from India, Moldova, and South Africa. We determined the frequencies of each mutation among drug-resistant and -susceptible specimens based on phenotypic drug susceptibility testing results and examined mutation distributions by country. The most common mutation among isoniazid-resistant (INH(r)) specimens was the katG 315ACC mutation (87%). However, in the Eastern Cape, INH(r) specimens had a lower frequency of katG mutations (44%) and higher frequencies of inhA (47%) and ahpC (10%) promoter mutations. The most common mutation among rifampin-resistant (RIF(r)) specimens was the rpoB 531TTG mutation (80%). The mutation was common in RIF(r) specimens in Mumbai (83%) and Moldova (84%) but not the Eastern Cape (17%), where the 516GTC mutation appeared more frequently (57%). The most common mutation among fluoroquinolone-resistant specimens was the gyrA 94GGC mutation (44%). The rrs 1401G mutation was found in 84%, 84%, and 50% of amikacin-resistant, capreomycin-resistant, and kanamycin (KAN)-resistant (KAN(r)) specimens, respectively. The eis promoter mutation -12T was found in 26% of KAN(r) and 4% of KAN-susceptible (KAN(s)) specimens. Inclusion of the ahpC and eis promoter gene regions was critical for optimal test sensitivity for the detection of INH resistance in the Eastern Cape and KAN resistance in Moldova. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under registration number NCT02170441.).

  17. THE GRAPES AND WINE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: TRENDS AND INSIGHTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simion CERTAN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Grapes and wine products were and are symbolizing both the agriculture and economy of Moldova. Until the 90s of last century the main consumer of our drinks was the Russian Federative Republic. On its markets we sold more than four fifths of wines from grapes and more than 90 percent of sparkling wine. After the approval of the Declaration of Independence (August 27, 1991, our country has made considerable efforts to reform the national economy, to transition from centrally managed economy to a market economy that - and allows the manufacturer to direct activities according to demand and primarily domestic market. The request of grapes and grape products on the domestic market rules according to our traditions and previous practice and must be covered entirely by the local production. The national market for vine products is characterized by excessive fluctuations generated by the dynamics of production of grapes and processed products thereof, price volatility, increased competition, etc. Grapes and grape products obtained in Moldova exceed the domestic market demand and our country is doomed to commercial relations with other countries and/or groups of countries. The emergence of new socio-economic system open to the world triggered the joint efforts of the international community's own produced undoubtedly important changes not only in shape, but also background in trade flows and wine grapes. The European Union has been and remains an important actor of major interest to us. The signing and ratification in 2014 of the Association Agreement between Moldova and the European Union will definitely contribute to increase the sales in the Common Market of the European Union, but our country is required to know the trade policies of the EU and should adjust its national trade policy to the EU requirements. In the paper the authors reflect on the grapes and grape products market, studying the import and export of such products, seek practical

  18. NORMA CU PRIVIRE LA RESPONSABILITATEA REDUSĂ ÎN LEGEA PENALĂ A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela BOTNARU

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Scopul urmărit în acest articol rezidă în realizarea unei analize detaliate atât a avantajelor, cât şi a dezavantajelor normei juridico-penale cu privire la responsabilitatea redusă ce se conţine în legea penală a Republicii Moldova. Sunt examinate amănunţit opiniile doctrinare întâlnite în literatura de specialitate juridică şi în cea psihiatrică cu privire la oportunitatea introducerii responsabilităţii reduse în calitate de cauză care diminuează răspunderea penală a făptuitoru-lui. În rezultatul cercetării autorul ajunge la concluzia că existenţa normei juridico-penale cu privire la responsabilitatea redusă este un pas corect, însă redacţia actuală a acestei norme urmează a fi revizuită şi modificată în conformitate cu rezultatele de ultimă oră ale ştiinţei şi practicii psihiatrice şi juridice.LEGAL NORM ON DIMINISHED RESPONSIBILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE SUBSTANTIVE CRIMINAL LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA The purpose of the present article consists in the detailed explanation of the advantages and disadvantages of the legal norm concerning the diminished responsibility which is contained in the Substantive Criminal Law of the Republic of Moldova. In the realm of this study the author has submitted to a meticulous examination different opinions form the special legal literature as well as psychiatric one, regarding the opportunity of introduction of diminished responsibility as a circumstance which mitigates criminal liability of the offender. As a result, the author has demonstrated that existence of criminal legal norm on diminished responsibility constitutes a correct legislative decision, at the same time the present edition of this norm must be revised and modified in accordance with the finest results of juridical and psychiatric science.

  19. Alone but better off? Adult child migration and health of elderly parents in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böhme, Marcus H; Persian, Ruth; Stöhr, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    Increasing labor migration and simultaneous aging of societies are two important demographic developments many poor countries face. Elderly people who are left behind may experience a decrease in welfare when their children migrate. This paper investigates the effect of migration on various dimensions of elderly health using unique data from Moldova, which has one of the highest emigration rates in the world. We find positive migration effects on body mass index (BMI), mobility and self-reported health. No effects are found on depression and cognitive capacity. We find evidence that these positive outcomes are linked to an income effect which leads to improvements in diet and identify a reallocation of time use from subsistence farming to leisure and sleep which may have further beneficial effects. These positive effects seem to compensate the elderly for decreasing social contact with their migrant family members.

  20. Injections given in healthcare settings as a major source of acute hepatitis B in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutin, Y J; Harpaz, R; Drobeniuc, J; Melnic, A; Ray, C; Favorov, M; Iarovoi, P; Shapiro, C N; Woodruff, B A

    1999-08-01

    Two case-control studies were conducted between January 1994 and August 1995 to determine the relative importance of injections and other exposures as a source of acute hepatitis B in Moldova among adults (aged 15 years) and children (aged 2-15 years). Results showed that injections in various health care settings were associated with acute hepatitis B and showed a higher proportion among adults compared with children. Contact with an HBsAg-positive person was also associated with illnesses; however, there was no statistically significant association between acute hepatitis B and other exposures. The risk of HBV transmission following percutaneous exposure is high (at least 30%). Calculation of the population attributable to risk suggests that injections associated with acute hepatitis B cases occurred in adults (52%) and children (21%). Adverse effects of injections may not be apparent in causing chronic infections. Transmission of blood-borne pathogens through unsafe injection practices is a problem increasingly identified worldwide.

  1. Strategies to sustain and scale up youth friendly health services in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra-Mouli, Venkatraman; Baltag, Valentina; Ogbaselassie, Luwam

    2013-01-01

    As part of a multifaceted effort to respond to the needs of young people more effectively, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova established pilot Youth Friendly Health Centres (YFHC) in 2001. In 2005, after 12 YFHC were set up and implemented, the MOH identified that while they were serving a useful function, four problems remained needed to be addressed - the lack of an operational definition of the term youth friendly health services, the lack of objective data on the added value of the existing YFHC, the low coverage of the existing YFHC and the almost complete reliance on donor agencies for funding the effort. The MOH addressed each of these problems systematically. While challenges still exist, the MOH has taken important steps to ensure that all young people in the country can obtain the health services they need.

  2. Polymorphism of Beauveria bassiana (Deuteromycota: Hyphomycetes) strains isolated from Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitina, G V; Tokarev, Y S; Movila, A A; Yli-Mattila, T

    2011-03-01

    Polymorphism of 10 Beauveria bassiana strains, isolated from Ixodes ricinus in Moldova, was evaluated using traditional (morphological and cultural properties) and molecular (RAPD patterns and ITS sequences) methods. The isolates differed greatly in morphological and cultural features, such as color, consistence, and growth rate. Four RAPD-PCR markers were used to evaluate genetic diversity of the strains. Phylogenetic neighbor-joining analysis of RAPD patterns divided strains into 3 major clades. The ITS sequences of 8 strains were identical to those of known B. bassiana strains. Two subsets (1 and 2) different by one nucleotide change were found in the ITS1 region. One strain of subset 1 was different from known B. bassiana strains by possessing 2 point mutations in the ITS region. RAPD-based clustering correlated to ITS sequence and colony morphology-based grouping of the strains.

  3. Family care of the dying in the Republic of Moldova: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellehear, Allan; Mindruta-Stratan, Rodica; Pogonet, Vadim; Gorelco, Victor

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the principle findings of a national, cross-sectional, interview-based study of the experiences of people who cared for a dying family member in the Republic of Moldova. Study data, collected from 102 interviews, covered four broad areas: the experiences of the dying person; family members' own experiences of caring; the practice (or non-practice) of any traditional customs for dying or death; and family carers' views of their own needs in these circumstances. Most carers reported high levels of psychological distress. Dying persons were reported to experience significant and unrelieved suffering. The practice of traditional customs was uneven, and there were significant levels of non-practice. Most respondents expressed a need for greater professional support, respite, specialized equipment and medicines, and home help from health care professionals. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of potential local developments and international aid.

  4. THE SPECIFICS OF NATIONAL REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Tatiana M. TOFAN

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The experience in the Republic of Moldova during 2010-2014 period to implement the National Strategy of Regional Development, has demonstrated the need to develop monitoring and evaluation methodology of these strategy, and put accent on the development of regional statistics, on the indicators of projects, regions and the national level, on the development of methodology for assessing the impact of the projects, to ensure the dissemination of results in monitoring and evaluation by placing the information on the website of the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction and Regional Development Agencies in periodic newsletters. To ensure transparency in monitoring and evaluation in the implementation of regional development policy confirms the responsibility of actors involved in the area, condition the right to take effective measures to correct the activities which do not correspond to the policy and provides the opportunity to examine the dynamics of the processes of socio-economic development of the regions.

  5. THE ANALYSIS OF BANKING SECTOR IN MOLDOVA IN 2014 THROUGH FINANCIAL STABILITY INDICATORS

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    Petru CATAN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to analyze the banking sector in the Republic of Moldova in terms of financial stability indicators. Thereby the authors elucidated the main developments of banking institutions in 2014, as reflected by the deterioration of the prudential indicators of this sector. The problems in the banking sector were caused by dubious transactions of some commercial banks, as well as their plight. Despite the establishment of special administration at 3 financial institutions (B.C. „Unibank” S. A., B.C. „Banca Socială” S.A. and B.C. „Banca de Economii” S.A., the banking sector failed to maintain a reliable activity, causing problems with bank loans.

  6. EMPLOYMENT DIFFICULTIES EXPERIENCED BY YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE RURAL AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Veronica PRISĂCARU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The basic aim of our investigation was to elucidate the problems of young people as part of the human potential ofrural areas. As a result of processing statistical data related to the evolution of the labour market in the Republic ofMoldova, there were highlighted the differences between the average indicators of the labour market in the country,both in urban and rural areas, putting a particular emphasis on young people. Also, according to the generalizationof a survey data there were found the causes that repress the desire of graduates of agricultural educationinstitutions to find jobs in rural areas. The final conclusion is that even if in the country at governmental level,certain attempts are made to attract young people to work in villages, their efficiency is still insufficient.

  7. ANALYSIS OF THE GDP IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA BASED ON MAJOR MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS

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    Ştefan Cristian CIUCU

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The Republic of Moldova is listed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF and by the World Bank as a country with a transitional economy and studies of the evolution of the economy are of interest. Data has been gathered for a quantitative analysis of the economy using a multiple regression model (with the aid of computer software tools: Microsoft Excel with the Analysis ToolPak add-in and MathWorks - MATLAB, in order to determine if there is a significant importance of some major macroeconomic indicators to the GDP. The indicators used in the study are GDP, exports of goods and services (% of GDP, inflation - GDP deflator (annual %, central government debt (% of GDP and unemployment (% of total labor force.

  8. ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS ANALYSIS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN TERMS OF: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION

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    Iulita BIRCA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available An important condition for achieving a sustainable economic growth and for improving living standards of the population of the Republic of Moldova is the active involvement of the national economy in the international exchange of goods, services, knowledge, technology, etc., and also strengthening its positions on the international market. Therefore, to achieve and maintain competitiveness has become a fundamental economic policies issue in the context of globalization. In the contemporary world, national economic competitiveness is determined by a wide variety of features and important factors. In this article, the authors will focus their attention on the part of science, technology and innovation as being one of the key tools in the modern future of any modern state.

  9. The discovery of new Greeks. The cases of Gagauz in Moldova and "Pontians" in Turkey

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    Lambros B ALTSIOTIS

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper constitutes an effort to depict the policies exercised by the Greek State from the 1990s till the mid - 2000s vis - à - vis two ethno - linguistic groups: the Turkish - speaking Orthodox Gagauz of Moldova and the Pontic - speaking Muslims of Eastern Black Sea. In addition, an attempt is made to interpret these policies, why and how they were launched, the purposes for which they were exercised and finally what they were aiming at. Our hypoth esis is that the issue is not only connected to yet one more Greek - Turkish discord. We noticed that, beyond the dispute there are reasons relevant to the way the Greek nation, the national narrative and public history in Greece are constructed. That is the reason why emphasis is placed on the public discourse developing around these two groups.

  10. PROBLEMS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF REFORMING TAXES FOR USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Petru BACAL

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper is carried out a comprehensive analysis of the implementation of taxes for use of natural resources in the Republic of Moldova. There have been identified the main methodological gaps, especially the neglect of geographical and ecological component, problems of administrations of those taxes. The main objectives of this study are: 1 knowledge and application of international experience in the implementation and improvement of fees for use of natural resources; 2 diagnostic analysis of the calculation and application methodology of taxes for use of natural resources; 3 identifying the gaps and problematic situations of implementing taxes for use of natural resources; 4 assessment of fiscal, economic and environmental impacts of the application of these taxes; 5 elaboration of recommendations for reforming the taxes for use of natural resources.

  11. PHENOLIC CONTENT OF ARTEMISIA ANNUA L. FROM NATURAL HABITATS IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Camelia Paula STEFANACHE

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our study was to assess the phenolic compounds content and profile of A. annua samples harvested from natural habitats in R. Moldova. The samples, consisting in leaves, were harvested in August 2014 (before flowering from different growing sites in north, centre and south regions. Phenolic extracts were obtained by methanol extraction of the residual plant material resulted from artemisinin separation. The phenolic compounds were identified and quantified by TLC and HPLC-DAD analyses, respectively. In all samples, four phenolic acids (caffeic, p-coumaric and chlorogenic acids, cynarin and two flavonoids (isoquercitrin and luteolin-7-glucoside were identified and quantified, cynarin being the major compound. The variations in phenolic composition between samples harvested from the same growing site and also for the samples from different growing areas (south, centre, north, were mostly quantitative. Similar phenolic profiles were obtained for all samples, regardless of the growing site. Phenolic acids were the dominant components in the phenolic extracts.

  12. ACCOUNTING CHALLENGES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Galina BADICU

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Republic of Moldova has, de facto, joined the Bologna Process in 2005,and startingwith this year multiple reforms in the higher education realm have been peformed. One primary aspect deals with the financial autonomy of the universities. The lack of an adequate financial support from the government was offset by the introduction of paid studies, which allowed universities to survive under government underfunding conditions and to independently manage their financial resources gained from tuition fees. In order to determine the adequate level of funding a tool for identifying the real training costs is required. In this article, we aim to investigate the pros and cons of the method of activity-based costing.

  13. On the UQG2011 quasigeoid solution for the Ukraine and Moldova area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchenko, Dmitriy; Marchenko, Alexander; Kucher, Oleg

    2013-04-01

    New quasigeoid computations with accuracy about 5 cm were assessed to be important for the adjustment of the Ukrainian geodetic network. The solutions UQG2011 for the Ukraine and Moldova area was based on the Tikhonov regularization method applied in two steps. The gravimetry-only quasigeoid was constructed before from digitized gravity anomalies (continental area) and gravity anomalies in the Black Sea and Azov Sea areas derived from altimetry data of ERS-1, ERS-2, TOPEX/POSEIDON, JASON-1, JASON-2, ENVISAT, and GFO missions (1992yr - 2005 yr) by means of the Tikhonov regularization. The UQG2007 quasigeoid was used successfully for the detection of gross errors in GPS-leveling data. The UQG2011 solution consists of gravity anomalies and quasigeoid heights, which were evaluated by collocation method from heterogeneous data set: 3627 GPS-leveling quasigeoid heights plus the above-mentioned gravimetry data. All terrain reductions were based on the 3"x3" digital terrain model SRTM3. Comparisons of the UQG2007 and UQG2011 solutions with independent GPS-leveling data (given in the Baltic height system) show a good agreement with rms Moldova area. Comparisons of the UQG2011 solutions with independent GPS-leveling data of the 1st and 2nd orders give a good accordance with rms about 1 cm and 2 cm respectively. Finally, the comparison with the European quasigeoid EGG08 leads to the separate areas with differences about 20-50 cm and the mean shift 25 cm caused by application of the Baltic height system.

  14. Spatiotemporal characteristics of dryness and drought in the Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potop, V.; Soukup, J.

    2009-05-01

    This paper presents the results of a study on the estimation of climatic conditions of dryness and drought in the Republic of Moldova. The evaluation of drought was based on data from 18 weather stations, which were selected according to the length of the period of measurement (1945-2006) and from the Chisinau observatory, which has the longest statistical series from Moldova (1891-2006). Some of the basic principles in the selection of the drought identification indices were: to characterize the same period of time, provide information on the regional hydrothermic regime, and not to rely on constants that are specific to certain physical/geographical regions. Firstly, the registers of the droughts for spring, summer and autumn have been identified and processed. Secondly, the frequency, duration and tendency of the dryness and drought phenomena have been evaluated. Thirdly, the manifestation of dryness and drought, as well as their spatial distribution, have been estimated with a probability of 95%. As a result of the analysis of the drought register for a period of over 100 years, an increase in tendencies of frequency and intensities of the given phenomena after the 1980s was revealed. The longest drought periods were noticed at the beginning of the 1950s and 1960s, reaching their highest points in the decades of 1981-1990 and 1991-2001, with the lowest point in the 1970s. Accordingly, during the past 20 years, in 11 cases of drought, 9 of them were registered as being of either a severe or extreme intensity degree.

  15. The climatic assessment of droughts in the Republic of Moldova between 1891 and 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potop, Vera

    2009-04-01

    This study describes the drought episodes in the Republic of Moldova from 18 weather stations and from Chisinau Observatory, with monthly rainfalls measurements obtained during periods of 62 and 116 years, respectively. The catalogue of the droughts for spring, summer and autumn have been identified and elaborated. As a result of the analysis of drought catalogue for a period of over 100 years, an increase in the tendencies of frequency and intensities of the studied phenomena after the 1980s was observed. The longest drought periods were noticed at the beginning of the 1950s and 1960s reaching their highest points in the decades of 1981-1990 and 1991-2001 with the lowest points in the 1970s. Similarly, during the last 20 years, in 12 cases (1986, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006 and 2007) of drought, 9 have been registered as being of a severe intensity degree and/or the extreme intensity degree. In 1990, 1992, 2003 and 2007 drought season occurred during the entire summer season. If it compare data for the whole period of more than a century, it will see that droughts have occurred once every 3 years, and after the 1980s their frequency has already increased to once every 2 years. Besides, the estimate of the territories affected by drought was made for every season for the first time, as well as for the whole vegetation period of each drought year. Surfer software (by Golden Software Inc.) as tools for estimating spatial lows of distribution drought event in the territory of Moldova it was used. Acknowledgements: This research was supported by Research Project MSM-6046070901.

  16. Pushing up smoking incidence: plans for a privatised tobacco industry in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmore, Anna B; Radu-Loghin, Cornel; Zatushevski, Irina; McKee, Martin

    Moldova, one of the former Soviet republics and Europe's poorest country, has so far resisted pressure to privatise its tobacco industry. This paper examines the policies pursued by the transnational tobacco companies in Moldova in order to inform the ongoing debate about tobacco industry privatisation. We analysed relevant internal industry documents made public through litigation. The documents suggest that although a competitive tender for the state owned monopoly was later announced, British American Tobacco (BAT) and the German manufacturer Reemtsma each initially sought to secure a closed deal, with BAT accusing Reemtsma of underhand tactics. Imperial Tobacco, which now owns Reemstma, was unable to comment on these allegations as it only acquired Reemstma after the events in question. BAT sought to acquire a monopoly position, bolstered by excise rules developed by the company that would uniquely favour its products. Despite hoping to establish a monopoly, it planned intensive marketing, as if in a competitive market, aiming to target young urban dwellers, particularly opinion leaders. In so doing it predicted that smoking uptake would increase, especially among women. The documents also suggest that BAT was aware of the sensitive nature of its plans to cull the processing workforce and aimed to present "sanitised" information on future employment levels to the Moldovans. The potential for tobacco industry privatisation to undermine tobacco control and promote cigarette consumption is highlighted and is consistent with economic theory. Countries planning tobacco industry privatisation should ensure a transparent and competitive privatisation process, seek to prevent the predicted increase in consumption by implementing effective tobacco control policies and consider the impacts on employment. Multilateral financial organisations promoting tobacco industry privatisation could ensure their loan conditions protect public health by making the implementation of

  17. The Use Of Standardized Indicators (SPI And SPEI In Predicting Droughts Over The Republic Of Moldova Territory

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    Nedealcov M.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The drought events frequent manifestation over the Republic of Moldova territory, in the context of climate change requires a scientific monitoring adjusted to international researchers. In recent years, internationally, the estimation of this phenomenon occurs through standardized indexes. The most used of these, being the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI and the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI. Since there is no a unified definition of drought, the World Meteorological Organization proposes to calculate the indexes, through developed calculation software. Thus, based on multi-annual data (1980-2014 a regional spatio-temporal estimation concerning drought in the Republic of Moldova was performed, thereby realizing the regional investigations framing in the international ones.

  18. Aspects of Implementation of European Law in the Legal System of the Republic of Moldova within the European Integration Process

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    Ilie Mamaliga

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The author researches in this paper the political, economic and legal trends, concerning the integration of Moldova into the European Union. The greet The researcher pays attention to the principles of freedom and pluralistic democracy, supremacy of national European law over the law, in the non-discrimination and equality before the law, reflected in the European and national acts, as well as the principles of the market economy.

  19. Astronomy, Geodesy and Map-Drawing in Moldova Since the Middle Ages Till the World War I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaina, A.

    A short outline of the history of astronomy, astronomical navigation, geodesy and map-drawing in Moldova since the Middle Ages till the World War I is presented. The contribution of Rudjer Bošković to the determination of geographical coordinates of Galati and Iasi and the triangulation of Montenegro in 1879-1880 by Russian military geodesists has been discussed as well.

  20. INVAZIA GHIDRINULUI – GASTEROSTEUS ACULEATUS LINNAEUS, 1758 ÎN FLUVIUL NISTRU (LIMITELE REPUBLICII MOLDOVA ŞI FACTORII DETERMINANŢI

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    Dumitru BULAT

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available În condiţiile intensificării presingului antropic în ecosistemele acvatice din Republica Moldova majoritatea speciilor stenobionte au devenit ameninţate cu dispariţia, însă unele, cu potenţial adaptiv înalt, dimpotrivă, pe fonul eliberării nişe­lor spaţiale, pot prolifera în exces şi chiar provoca efect invaziv. Pentru fluviul Nistru (limitele Republicii Moldova un exemplu elocvent este ghidrinul Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 care, după construcţia hidrocentralei dela Novodnestrovsk (1981 a devenit o specie multidominantă, formând până la or. Soroca o populaţie locală deosebit de numeroasă.În lucrare sunt analizate particularităţile bioecologice ale ghidrinului şi sunt evidenţiaţi factorii de mediu ce au con­tribuit la invazia taxonului în fl. Nistru (limitele Republicii Moldova.THE INVASION OF THREE-SPINED STICKLEBACK – GASTEROSTEUS ACULEATUS LINNAEUS, 1758 IN DNIESTER RIVER (LIMITS OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND ITS DETERINANT FACTORS Under the intensification of anthropogenic pressure in aquatic ecosystems of Republic of Moldova, most of stenobionte species became threatened with extinction, but some species, potentially high adaptive, contrast, in present demonstrates an evident biological progression, in some hydrobiotops causing a stressed invasive effect. For Dniester River (limits of Republic of Moldova three-spined stickleback – Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 is a good example, after the construction of Novodnestrovsk hydropower (1981 became a multidominate species forming to Soroca city a particularly large local population.In this paper are analyzed bio- ecological peculiarities of three-spined stickleback and are highlighted environmental factors that contributed to taxon invasion in Dniester River (limits of Republic of Moldova.

  1. Epidemiology of hepatitis C in the Republic of Moldova: achievements and remaining challenges in prevention and control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guriev, Vladimir; Spinu, Constantin; Sajen, Octavian; Isac, Maria; Spinu, Igor; Cebotari, Svetlana; Donos, Ala

    2016-11-24

    Viral hepatitis, especially those with parenteral and sexual transmission, still remain a major problem of public health, both globally and for the Republic of Moldova, due to wide spreading, endemicity, increased morbidity and mortality and high rate of invalidity following the chronization of infection, but usually neglected by population and public health authorities. This paper describes the epidemiology and preventive and control measures of hepatitis C in Moldova. Epidemiological analysis of the surveillance data on hepatitis C incidence in the Republic of Moldova was conducted. The data were obtained from the national reporting system of infectious diseases and serosurvey studies. Epidemiological particularities of acute and chronic hepatitis C in general Moldovan population and specific risk groups were evaluated. National hepatitis policies for prevention and control were analyzed. Only consolidation of all the actions stipulated in the national and international normative documents on the prevention and control of hepatitis, will help to reduce the morbidity of viral hepatitis C and probably to eliminate the new cases of disease in some regions.

  2. Construction of the European Neighborhood Policy. From a Regional Policy to a Local Approach: EUBAM to Moldova and Ukraine

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    Ruxandra Alexianu

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to present the institutional dynamics of an international unique instrument which is the European Neighborhood Policy. This research is important in the field of European Construction because it studies the intercourse between the aims of this institution and it’s practical accomplishments. Unlike other similar research, this paper wants to bring a deeper approach regarding the activity of the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine. The method used was a case study of the ENP towards the Republic of Moldova. Through the systematization and interpretation of previous empirical studies and numerous press articles this work offers a clear image of the activity and results of the EUBAM to Moldova and Ukraine. This paper may elicit a more analytical interest for research groups interested in the efficiency of some entities that define the European construction but it can also be useful to European or local political decisional factors. The key contribution of this paper consists of emphasizing the interdependence between solving a specific neighboring policy in the East and ensuring energy needs of the EU, largely dependent on the Russian Federation.

  3. 摩尔多瓦共产党人党研究%The Study of the Communist Party of Moldova

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜宝玲

    2015-01-01

    After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Communist Party of the Republic of Moldova was forbidden from activity. In 1994, the self-proclaimed successor from the Soviet Era Party was approved to register the Communist Party of Moldova as a legitimate political party. Afterwards, the new party won the parliamentary elections in 2001 and 2005, holding the country’s power for eight consecutive years. During its term of office, the Communist Party of Moldova led the country to achieve certain accomplishments economically, politically, socially and diplomatically. The party lost in the 2009 parliamentary election and became the largest opposition party in the parliament, still playing a crucial role in the political arena of Moldova. Should the Communist Party of Moldova intend to rise again, it will face multiple issues such as national unity, economic and social problems, treatment of international relations, and strengthening the party’s unity.%苏联解体后,摩尔多瓦共产党被禁止活动。1994年,以原摩尔多瓦共产党继承人自称的摩尔多瓦共产党人党获准登记注册,成为合法政党。随后,摩共分别在2001年和2005年两度赢得议会大选,连续执政8年。执政期间,摩共带领摩尔多瓦人民在经济、政治、社会、外交等方面取得了一定的成绩。2009年摩共在议会选举中失利,成为议会第一大反对党,但摩共依然在摩尔多瓦政治舞台上发挥着举足轻重的作用。对摩共来说,若想重新崛起,还面临着解决国家统一、应对经济社会难题、处理国际关系、加强党内团结等诸多问题。

  4. Channel adjustements over the last century of the Moldova River, Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiriloaei, F. A.; Radoane, M.; Radoane, N.

    2012-04-01

    Moldova River is a 205 km long river, right tributary of the Siret River, with the confluence close to Roman city. The most important tributaries are Moldoviţa, Suha Mică, Suha Mare, Râsca, Ozana and Topolita Rivers. The drainage basin area is 4316 km2, a discharge of about 32.8 m3/s and is superimposed on four lithostratigraphic units: the crystalline Mesozoic unit, the flysch unit, the molasse unit and the platform unit. The study reach is 110 km long and is located on the external part of the Eastern-Carpathians at the contact with the Moldavian Plateau. This contact is characterised by a piedmont zone. The high rate of alluviation in this piedmont plain had a decisive role on the spatial and temporal evolution of fluvial forms and processes, expressed in the morphology of alluvial terraces in the valley bottom, the morphology of the active channel, the spatial distribution of bars and secondary channels and lateral migration rates. The morphology of the river in the study reach is dominated by braided and wandering channel patterns. The present (2005) active channel width ranges between 700 and 1000 m. Planform changes of river features over the last 100 years were analyzed on three historical maps (1910, 1960, and 1980) and one orthophoto (2005). Channel width average has significantly decreased in the last century. The Moldova river channel width suffered a strong narrowing, approximately 76% (from 1910 to 2005). So, from a channel width about more than 1200 m, it decreased at about 300 m. We can note two phase of narrowing: a first one - stronger, of 56%, untill 1960 (a reduction of active channel width for about 10.5 m/year) and a second phase, of 35%, after 1960, with a narrowing rate for about 8.8 m/an. The historical trend of braiding index shows a remarkable decrease in the last 50 - 60 years, from 3.2 in 1960, at 2.6 in 1980 and 2.0, in 2005, for all the extra-Carpathian study reach (110 km). There are different situations at local scale, shown

  5. PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC ECONOMIC POLICIES OF MOLDOVA ASSOCIATION TO THE EU: METHODOLOGY, PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS

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    Gheorghe RUSU

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic policies and decisions on EU association starting with the begginig of 90’s were pseudo-scientific, contradictory, incoherent because those policies have not based themselves on modern and current economic theories elaborated and promoted by the EU. Actuality. The topic is actual from the perspective of the factors’ analysis which were conducting to delay the association process of Moldova to the EU. At the same time, those were increasing instability, disequilibrium in the national economy and raise of social vulnerability and constraint levels which ultimately increased the gap between the national and EU economic development levels. During the period of 2000-2015, the socio-economic policy of the Republic of Moldova is described more as small and fragmented steps on conceiving economic and financial instruments for the integration into the EU which were reflected in the Neighbourhood Partnership and Association Agreement with the EU. These processes conducted for the state incapacity to define its own objectives and social-economic priorities for the association as well as legitimated a continuous stage of transition to the market economy. The scope of the present article is to propose a real change of the development and social-economic association policies for achieving final objective on integration to EU. The proposals would consist in emphasizing and implementation of the EU economic principles reflected in the neoclassic synthesis and neo-conservative theories; the elaboration and implementation of a new Strategy on economic supervision, coordination and anticipation of the economic disequilibrium; achieve economic stability for diminishing the negative effects of the global and regional crisis on national economy and adaptation of the development policies to the national socio-economic conditions. The methods used for the elaboration and achieving the expected results of the study were analysis and synthesis of the

  6. Contraceptive confidence and timing of first birth in Moldova: an event history analysis of retrospective data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons-Amos, Mark; Padmadas, Sabu S; Durrant, Gabriele B

    2014-08-11

    To test the contraceptive confidence hypothesis in a modern context. The hypothesis is that women using effective or modern contraceptive methods have increased contraceptive confidence and hence a shorter interval between marriage and first birth than users of ineffective or traditional methods. We extend the hypothesis to incorporate the role of abortion, arguing that it acts as a substitute for contraception in the study context. Moldova, a country in South-East Europe. Moldova exhibits high use of traditional contraceptive methods and abortion compared with other European countries. Data are from a secondary analysis of the 2005 Moldovan Demographic and Health Survey, a nationally representative sample survey. 5377 unmarried women were selected. The outcome measure was the interval between marriage and first birth. This was modelled using a piecewise-constant hazard regression, with abortion and contraceptive method types as primary variables along with relevant sociodemographic controls. Women with high contraceptive confidence (modern method users) have a higher cumulative hazard of first birth 36 months following marriage (0.88 (0.87 to 0.89)) compared with women with low contraceptive confidence (traditional method users, cumulative hazard: 0.85 (0.84 to 0.85)). This is consistent with the contraceptive confidence hypothesis. There is a higher cumulative hazard of first birth among women with low (0.80 (0.79 to 0.80)) and moderate abortion propensities (0.76 (0.75 to 0.77)) than women with no abortion propensity (0.73 (0.72 to 0.74)) 24 months after marriage. Effective contraceptive use tends to increase contraceptive confidence and is associated with a shorter interval between marriage and first birth. Increased use of abortion also tends to increase contraceptive confidence and shorten birth duration, although this effect is non-linear-women with a very high use of abortion tend to have lengthy intervals between marriage and first birth. Published by

  7. Comparative analysis of eu membership candidate countries legal economic framework (Ukraine, Georgia, Moldova

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    L.V. Zharova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The article represents the results of analytical review and comparative analysis of EU membership candidate countries legal economic framework for Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova. The aim of the research is to show opportunities and illuminate the gaps for timely fulfillment of obligation in framework of euro integration process. The results of the analysis. The choice of countries is determined by similarity of political, economic, and social conditions including, inter alia: 1 the aftermath of the global economic crisis; 2 political crisis; 3 threat to sovereignty and territorial integrity, including the risk of armed conflict (the unlawful annexation of the Crimea and Sevastopol and destabilization in the Eastern Ukraine; occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in Georgia; and the Transnistria conflict in Moldova. Economic growth based on more efficient use of available scarce resources is the key to successful withstanding and overcoming these adverse factors. It implies that implementing the Association Agreement is closely linked with the transition toward a green economy. The comparative analysis determined some similarities in positive shifts for all countries. The following positive shifts characterizing the progress achieved by the countries can be highlighted: demonstration of proactive efforts toward meeting their commitments under the Association Agreement; existing policies, practices and programmes aiming to support the sustainable industrial and business development; reflection of the sustainable development and green economy issues in the official development strategies and their considering to be a priority; activation of effort to develop a system of specific indicators including those that can be used for measuring the efficiency of national policies; incorporation sustainable development objectives in the local development agendas and environmental action plans; taking active part in the international

  8. The phytosanitary form and fighting measures diseases and pests of sugar beet from Republic of Moldova

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    Timus Asea M.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Sugar beet is one of the most important agricultural crops in the Republic of Moldova. The North and Central regions have good enough pedoclimatic conditions. The genetic potential of sorts and hybrids can be created through the application of modern technologies in order to grow at least 32-35 tons/ha of sugar beet roots. In the Republic of Moldova, sugar beet vegetates between 160 and 180 days in the first year and needs approximately an amount of 2400-2900°C, average of 15.3-15.4°C. Each phenological phase needs different temperatures: at least 4C° is necessary for planting and springing an amount of 650°C is necessary for foliar apparatus; an amount of 1150- 1800°C is necessary to grow the volume of roots and for sugar depositing the average of 2400 to 2600°C is necessary. The mentioned temperatures ensure a normal development of sugar beet plants. If these temperatures fluctuate, the pathogens and pests are stimulated to develop. The most frequent diseases of sugar beet are: Pythium de baryanum Hesse., Aphanomyces cochlioides Dresch. Peronospora schachtii Fuck., Phoma betae Fr. Cercospora beticola Sacc. Erysiphe communis Grev. f. betae Jacz., virosis - Beta virus 2, 3 si 4 etc. The main pests belong to the following categories: Homoptera: Aphis fabae Scop. (fam. Aphididae, Pemphigus fuscicornis Koch. (fam. Pemphigidae Coleoptera: Agriotes sp. (fam. Elateridae, Chaetocnema concinna M. Ch. breviuscula Fld., Cassida nebulosa L. (fam. Chrysomelidae, Atomaria linearis Step. (fam. Cryptophagidae; Bothynoderes punctiventris Germ., Tanymechus dilaticollis Gyll., T. palliatus F., Psalidium maxillosum F. (Curculionidae; Lepidoptera: Agrotis segetum Den. et Schiff., Authographa gamma L. Mamestra (Barathra brassicae L. (Noctuidae, Loxostege sticticalis L. (Pyralidae, Gnorimoschema ocellatella Boyd.; Diptera Pegomyia betae Curtis. (fam. Anthomyidae. Heterodera schachtii Schmidt (Heteroderidae. The most recommended insecticides for fighting the

  9. CODUL DE ETICĂ, INTEGRITATEA ACADEMICĂ ŞI CALITATEA ÎNVĂŢĂMÂNTULUI LA UNIVERSITATEA DE STAT DIN MOLDOVA

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    Galina DRAGALINA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Principalele domenii de asigurare a calităţii în instituţia de învăţământ superior sunt: capacitatea instituţională, efica-citatea educaţională, managementul calităţii. Principiile, valorile şi normele comunităţii academice ale Universităţii de Stat din Moldova sunt reflectate în Codul de Etică, care este un ghid de integritate academică, un cod deontologic, un angajament moral al Universităţii de Stat din Moldova în faţa tuturor membrilor săi, dar şi în faţa societăţii, cod care a fost întocmit conform prevederilor Constituţiei Republicii Moldova şi care îşi găseşte reflectare în Codul Educaţiei. THE CODE OF ETHICS, ACADEMIC INTEGRITY AND THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION AT MOLDOVA STATE UNIVERSITYThe main areas of quality assurance in higher education institution are: institutional capacity, educational effectiveness, quality management. Principles, values and rules of Moldova State University academic community are reflected in the Code of Ethics, which is a guide to academic integrity, an ethics code, a moral commitment to the company, code that was compiled in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova and finds reflection in the Education Code.

  10. THE STATUS OF ATMOSPHERIC INSTABILITY INDICES ASSOCIATED WITH HAIL EVENTS THROUGHOUT MOLDOVA

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    ISTRATE V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The lower pressure of water vapor of the outer eastern and south-eastern Carpathians, as well as in Dobrogea, determines within these areas an average annual number of days of under 2 days. In sheltered areas from Bârlad Plateau the average multi-annual value decreases even below 0,5 days. Hail events that affect the territory of Moldova are, in most cases, caused by thunderstorms during May and June (frequency of over 60 %. We had analysed in the present paper a representative number of statistical severe convective events causing hailstorms and material damage between 1990-2013 period. Values of atmospheric instability indices have been analyzed for these episodes as CAPE (Convective available potential energy, SWEAT (severe weather threat, Li (lifted index, KI (K index, TT (total totals to evaluate their medium range forecast under the hail production conditions. These indicators measure the degree of atmospheric instability providing information about possible occurrence of clouds with large vertical extent. The most powerful correlations have been recorded in the case of parameter LI, for which the daily mean value was used. The status of these indices is assessed for both the days with hail, but also on previous intervals with hail to assess their capacity to forecast this extreme weather phenomenon.

  11. Total microbial biomass and metabolic state of microorganisms in a typical chernozem of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frunze, N. I.

    2013-04-01

    New data on the total microbial biomass and its metabolic state in a typical chernozem of Moldova were obtained. The carbon content of the microbial biomass in the arable chernozems varied from 419 to 1033 μg/g soil and from 1002 to 1432 μg C/g soil under the shelterbelts. The contents of the microbial biomass under the shelter belts was by 2.1-2.9, 1.6-2.2, and 1.2-1.3 times higher than that in the unfertilized and fertilized with mineral and organic nutrients chernozems, respectively. Crop rotations with and without lucerne were examined. The functional activity of the microbial communities in the chernozem was determined by their metabolic diversity, the ability to use alternative metabolic reactions, and the domination of r-strategists. The content of the active part of the microbial community in the natural ecosystems constituted approximately 1/3 (29.1% on the average) of the total microbial community; in the arable soils, it as lower (9.8-21.8%).

  12. High risk and rapid appearance of multidrug resistance during tuberculosis treatment in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Helen E; Crudu, Valeriu; Soltan, Viorel; Ciobanu, Ana; Domente, Liliana; Cohen, Ted

    2014-04-01

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a serious problem in the former Soviet Union and may appear during TB treatment. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of, timing of and factors associated with MDR-TB diagnosis during TB treatment in Moldova, which was part of the former Soviet Union. We analysed data on 3 754 confirmed non-MDR-TB cases (between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2010) in the Moldovan TB surveillance database, where patients provided sputum specimens for drug-susceptibility testing, multiple times, during treatment. We estimated the percentage of individuals with confirmed baseline non-MDR-TB that were diagnosed with MDR-TB during treatment, documented the time at which MDR-TB was diagnosed, and used a failure-time model to identify factors associated with MDR-TB diagnosis. Between 7.2% and 9.2% of initially non-MDR-TB cases were diagnosed with MDR-TB during treatment. Half of these MDR-TB diagnoses occurred with 3 months of the initial diagnosis. An increased MDR-TB risk during treatment was associated with baseline resistance to first-line TB drugs (linear increase in risk per additional drug), previous incarceration and HIV co-infection. MDR can appear rapidly during TB treatment. Policy considerations should emphasise management during early treatment by increasing ambulatory TB treatment to prevent nosocomial transmission, and ensuring universal rapid diagnostics access to prevent acquisition and transmission of drug resistance.

  13. Study of Some Morphological Characters of Three Trout Breed Farmed in Salmonid Exploitations from Moldova

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    Cătălin Emilian Nistor

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Study of morphological characters at fish by means of biometry is a frequently utilized method and consists in determining the variability of characters in groups of individuals, by direct measurement, weighting and statistical processing of obtained data.Effectuation of body measurements and weighting is used to determine the increase in length of fish and to evaluate the general physiological condition. Brook trout, rainbow trout, and brown trout were the object of the current study by analyzing of 50 individuals, 10 individuals in each batch (F1, F2, C1 C2 and I1, from two trout farms from Moldova. After processing the obtained data were calculated the most representative indexes and maintenance coefficients. The obtained values were between 3.49 at batch F1 and 3.94 at batch I1 for profile index; 1.5 at batch I1 and 1.75 at batch F1 for Fulton coefficient; 1.47 at batch F2 and 1.6 at batch I1 for Kiselev index; 41.36 for batch F1 and 47.94 at batch C2 for thickness index; 19.94 C1 batch and 22.08 at F1 batch for fleshy index I, and 19.05 C2 batch and 21.2 at I1 batch for fleshy index II. Having in view the obtained results we can conclude that the analyzed fishes had a good state of maintenance.

  14. INFRASTRUCTURE OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA - BRANCH AND EXPORT APPROACHES

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    Cornel COȘER

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to determine the state of development of infrastructure ensuring the quality of agrifood products in the Republic of Moldova through analysis and deduction of the related elements - regulatory basis, inputs, post-harvest network, quality of exported products; the involved working methods are present through the analysis of genesis of quality infrastructure, scientific abstraction of the institutional framework, logarithm of agrifood exports' unit value as well as quantitative analysis by exposing numerical values for each structural component. Study results highlight a quality infrastructure in formation, both legislative and institutional, also we witness a continuous connection to international/regional standards under the conditions of some degrading but still qualitative land resources, of more efficient plant varieties, with some minor exceptions. Concluding, we understand that both post-harvest network, as well as private investment in modern equipment of the agrifood industry continue to be the major challenges of the chain; as for the quality of products exported to the European Union/Commonwealth of Independent States, their highest index proved to be that for nuts, fruit and vegetable juices and sugar, in relation to the EU; sunflower oil, sugar, dairy products and natural honey in relation to the CIS.

  15. VEGETATIVE RAW MATERIAL FOR RECEPTION OF THE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND ENERGY SECURITY OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Duca G.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The problem of increase of energy security of Republic Moldova is examined due to use of own power resources. Application of a biodiesel engine, bioethanol in mixes with traditional kinds of fuel (diesel fuel and gasoline is possible without updating a design of existing engines of internal combustion and can be economic for agriculture and on transport. Results of experiments on definition износоустойчивости lubricants received of vegetative raw material of local manufacture are resulted. Use of bioethanol as the additive to gasoline will lower his{its} cost, will reduce consumption of gasoline to 15-20 % and will allow to reduce considerably harmful emissions in an atmosphere, ecological safety that will favorably be reflected on health of the population will be raised. Manufacture of lubricants with use рапсового oils also will allow to receive serious economic benefit.

  16. TALENT RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION – ISSUE AND CHALLENGE FOR ORGANIZATIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    BÎRCĂ ALIC

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is dealing with the issue of talents recruitment and selection, as the essential element of ensuring organizational competitiveness. In this context, we intend to show the importance of the recruitment and selection of talents that makes the difference between organizations. In order to attract more talents, organizations should undertake concrete strategies of attracting talents and to develop the employer’s brand. The recruitment and selection of talents is also influenced by factors such as: demography, labor mobility, the changing business environment, etc. Moreover, the Moldovan demographic issues and awareness of the importance of human resources on the part of senior management have led to the need to approach this problem. The selection of talents in organizations can be achieved by applying a big variety of criteria. That’s why, in order to identify criteria for selecting talents in Moldovan organizations, has been realized a sociological survey by questionnaire. This survey covered 152 organizations from Republic of Moldova.

  17. THE INVAZIVE ENTOMOFAUNA OF THE HEMIMETABOLA GROUP FOR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Asea M. Timuş

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In Moldova is investigated invasive entomofauna with the economic and ecological impact. Until now settled 118 species of the Hemimetabola group, belonging of 2 subclasses, 2 superorder and 7 orders. These 118 species were corellation with the database of Fauna Europaea and recorded are 24 species (20.3%, but for 94 (79.6% mentioned with the "absent" and "no data". In the meantime there were recorded 12 other species: Blatta orientalis, Cimex lectularius, Lepisma saccharina, Periplaneta americana, Trialeurodes vaporariorum – 1983, Blattella germanica – 2003, Leptoglossus occidentalis – 2010, Tachycines asynamorus, Dociostaurus tartarus – 2011, Scaphoideus titanus, Perillus bioculatus – 2013, Nezara viridula – 2014. According periods penetration it was found that 1 species have entered the XVII century, 1 in the XVIII, 14 in the XIX, 73 in the XX and 25 in the XXI. The registration invasive insects in countries of interest is in: Bulgaria – 48 species; Poland – 40; Romania – 25; other countries –5.

  18. THE DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS OF THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY IN MOLDOVA

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    Alexandru GRIBINCEA

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Moldovan textile sector is a major domain of the country’s export and still has a tremendous growth potential. The industry accounted for 1.5% of the GDP and 3.9 (NBS of the manufacturing GDP. The textile cluster employed over 2,750 workers in 2010, 4,092 in 2011 and 4,118 in 2012. The most important export destinations for Moldovan textile producers are EU countries. Moldova’s main competitive advantages include the competitive workforce and the fact that this is one of the cheapest locations. Most of these jobs are rural-based and taken by young women, who make up 85-95% of all T&A workers. The value of the manufactured textiles was € 33,8 million in 2010 and rose more than twice - up to € 68,14 million in 2011 and € 78,95 in 2012 (NBS. Moldova has an easy access to both CIS and European markets. Over 83 (NBS companies operate in the Moldovan textile industry, most of them in CM (cut and make, CMT (cut, make and trim processing. Major foreign partners for outsourcing are of Italian, German and Dutch origin, and include Dolce&Gabbana and Trussardi, for instance.

  19. Legal Liability of Civil Servants of Local Public Authorities in the Republic of Moldova

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    Natalia Saitarli

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the working out of legal liability, there are a lot of published articles, collections and monographs nowadays which have got already some productive achievements. However, the notion of liability and its central problems have been controversial subjects for long years that create discussions and cause the necessity to elaborate some methodological questions. The legal liability is being determined as a duty “to be responsible“, “to account“. One of the results in the research is to determine that the legal liability has become the idea of “positive law responsibility“, under which we understand not the liability of the person who has committed an infringement of the law but vice versa a lawful behavior of the person who commits no law infringements. The goal of the given article is to regard the legal liability of civil servants of local public authorities in the Republic of Moldova because an efficient activity of the state (a good state government depends on the determination of concrete forms of the legal liability for the local public authorities.

  20. The winter trends in air temperature and atmospheric precipitation in the Moldova Region (Romania

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    Machidon Ovidiu-Miron

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The study is a comparative analysis of the characteristics of air temperature and atmospheric precipitations in winter seasons from the WMO reference periods (1961 - 1990, 1981 – 2010 compared with last 7 years (2010 – 2016. There is a continuous increase of air temperature in winter, from −2,0°C between 1961-1990, to −1,1°C between 2010-2016, so a heating of 0,9°C. In the last 7 years (2010-2016 the average number of frosty nights (nights with minimum temperature of ≤ −10°C was reduced by 18% compared to the period 1961-1990 and by 3% compared to the period 1981-2010. In the same period (2010 – 2016, the rainfall were higher in winter, respectively by 17% than during 1961-1990 and by 22% than during 1981-2010. There is an increase of torrential character of precipitation, more pronounced in the southern region of Moldova.

  1. PROSPECTS OF USING THE LOCAL ORGANIC WASTE IN THE AGRICULTURE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Tamara LEAH

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Land use in agriculture of Moldova led to the acceleration of decomposition of accumulated organic matter, and therefore to the loss of carbon. High carbon losses from agricultural soils become a problem with appropriately sized, as this phenomenon affects not only agriculture, but accelerates the degradation of the environment. In the last 20 years, the amount of organic fertilizers decreased 60 times and consists 0.01 t/ha, the area of alfalfa has decreased 4-5 times, on the large areas the crop residues are burned. As a source of remediation the soil organic matter can serve local organic waste: manure of rural households, sewage sludge, wine lees, vinasse, cereal waste, fermented straw etc. Application of organic waste in agricultural practice for soil fertilization contributes to the maintenance a balanced circuit of carbon and nutrients. Each tone of organic waste applied as fertilizer supplements humus reserve with 85-100 kg/ha, with nitrogen 8-9 kg/ha, stimulates increasing production potential and improves the soil fertility. The effect of organogenic waste application is expected for a period of 4-5 years. Along with increasing the soil fertility and reducing the negative impact on the environment, applied waste can provide, depending on the production schedule and application specific, income from 1 tone of fertilizer: 89-928 MDL, with a recovery period of expenses - 1-3 years.

  2. Making or Breaking the Republic of Moldova? The Autonomy of Gagauzia

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    Woeber, Siegfried

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the process of self-determination and the creation of a territorial autonomy of the Gagauz people in the Republic of Moldova. It also analyses the situation in the autonomy after the change of government in Chisinau in 2009 and evaluates the current status of accommodation of the Gagauz’ interests in the country. Aspects of state-building and the influence of external actors are explored as well. Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri is one of the first post-Soviet autonomies. Since its establishment in 1994, no violent conflict has taken place there. However, the Gagauz language and culture remain relatively unprotected, and incentives as well as support for the integration of the Gagauz are low. The article outlines the potential for future disputes between the central government and local authorities, due to continuous attempts to limit Gagauzia’s self-governance and conflicting interpretations of how the autonomy should work. Furthermore, struggles between Gagauz political leaders and other local realities hamper the successful realization of Gagauz Yeri. With respect to Moldova’s efforts to resolve the Transnistrian conflict and to integrate with the European Union, compromises and cooperation through an ongoing dialogue between the centre and autonomy are clearly due. Resolving the remaining stumbling blocks could make Gagauzia a living, rather than symbolic autonomy.

  3. MONEY LAUNDERING AS AN ISOLATED PHENOMENON AND LEADING FACTOR IN WHITE-COLLAR CRIMINALITY, PUTS MOLDOVA CASE JUDICIARY ON THE SPOT

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    Jacob RUB

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Money laundering is a leading factor in white-collar criminality, with a big effect upon Gross National Product of the Israeli and Moldova economies. Israel and Moldova have made the first steps In order to cope with money laundering phenomenon. The model of handling the phenomenon in the USA has been studied that constitutes a role model of fighting money laundering. The vast majority (77% of all frauds were committed by individuals working in one of six departments: accounting, operations, sales, executive/upper management, customer service and purchasing. In Moldova, money laundering for the most part is connected to traditional forms and activities sources of illegal proceeds .Moldova is a transit country for money laundering. A money-laundering scandal is casting Moldova’s judiciary in an unfavorable light and is raising concerns about the government’s commitment to reforms needed to keep European Union integration on track. It is a need to address corruption as a national priority, and the priority of the relations between the EU and Moldova. The money laundering scandal indicates that Moldova is reluctant to wade deeply into judicial reform. In fact, the laundered of $20 billion, is an amount more than twice the size of Moldova’s GDP in 2013, and may be that it is just the tip of the iceberg, probably. White-collar criminality in Israel and Moldova means success of coping of the enforcement and judicial systems. In order to cope with this phenomenon, Israel makes its first steps. Anyway, the message must pave the way through a creation of a new model for dealing with reduction the isolated phenomenon of money laundering in both states.SPĂLAREA DE BANI, UN FENOMEN IZOLAT ŞI UN FACTOR IMPORTANT ÎN CRIMINALITATEA GULERELOR ALBE, PUNE PRACTICA JUDICIARĂ DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA INTR-O SITUAŢIE DIFICILĂSpălarea de bani este un factor important în criminalitatea gulerelor albe, având un efect semnificativ asupra produ-sului na

  4. 摩尔多瓦政局与“一带一路”框架下的中摩合作%Political Situation in Moldova and the Cooperation between China and Moldova under the Framework of“One Belt One Road”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李燕; 何宛昱

    2016-01-01

    介绍了近期摩尔多瓦出现的不间断的反对派抗议活动,分析了其原因,有经济原因,也有社会分化的政治因素,而且西方国家的插手也加剧了其内部矛盾。但这场动荡不会演变成一场大规模危机。摩尔多瓦独立以来,中摩合作已取得一定成果。但摩尔多瓦政局不稳对“一带一路”倡议的实施会带来了一定的风险和挑战。在“一带一路”框架下中国如何开展对摩尔多瓦的基础设施建设投资及其他活动,还需要对其局势有清醒认识和判断。%The article describes the ongoing protest activity of the opposition in Moldova recently, analyses the reasons, which included economic reasons and internal political contradiction of social differentiation. At the same time, intervention from the West has intensified its internal contradictions. However, as matters stand, the unrest in Moldova will not turn into a big crisis. Since the independence of Moldova, some cooperation achievements have been made between China and Moldova. However, the political instability of Moldova brings certain risks and challenges to the implementation of“The Belt and Road”. Having a clear understanding and judgments of the situation in Moldova are good for Chinese infrastructure investment and other activities in Moldova under the framework of “The Belt and Road”.

  5. ISTEMUL INFRACTIUNILOR ECONOMICE ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA Noţiuni generale privind infracţiunile economice

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    Isabela Monalisa SAMSON

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available „Este o axiomă faptul că activitatea criminală din domeniul afacerilor economico-financiare nu se desfăşoară şi nici nu se finalizează la vedere. Peste tot în lume se produce o sumă impresionantă de acte ilegale, de combinaţii infracţionale în zona subterană a societăţii, zonă în care serviciile de informaţii şi autorităţile de aplicare a legii pătrund cu mare difi-cultate pentru a sesiza şi a cerceta cu adevărat ce se întâmplă” [5, p.7]. Articolul 126 din Constituţie, caracterizând economia Republicii Moldova ca o economie de piaţă, are în vedere economia naţională. În acelaşi context reglementar este statuat că statul trebuie să asigure, printre altele: libertatea co-merţului şi activităţii de întreprinzător; protecţia concurenţei loiale; crearea unui cadru favorabil valorificării tuturor factorilor de producţie; protejarea intereselor naţionale în activitatea economică, financiară şi valutară etc.[4]. Aşadar, conceptul de economie naţională a Republicii Moldova este o categorie economică fundamentală, care desemnează ansamblul de resurse naturale şi umane, de activităţi productive, de schimb şi servicii, constituite ca ramuri sau domenii de activitate economică pe teritoriul Republicii Moldova, ca rezultat al dezvoltării forţelor de producţie şi al diviziunii sociale a muncii, în cadrul frontierelor ţării.SYSTEM ECONOMIC CRIMES IN MOLDOVA General terms of economic crime"It is an axiom that work Criminal economic and financial affairs not take place nor ends in view. Across the world produces an impressive amount of illegal acts, the combinations criminal underground in the company area the intelligence and enforcement authorities Law penetrate with great difficulty to apprehend and investigate really what is happening" [5, p.7]. Article 126 of the Constitution, characterizing the Moldovan economy as a market economy, the national economy envisages the same

  6. NEB与过渡金属元素二元配合物的pH电位法研究%Studies on the binary complexes of some transition metals with NEB by potentiometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱元成; 刘流; 吴集贵; 邓汝温

    2002-01-01

    用精密pH电位法测定了在甲醇-水混合溶剂中配体氨三乙氧基三苯甲酸(NEB)质子化常数(25℃,I=0.20mol*L-1 NaCl),讨论了溶剂对质子化常数的影响,结果表明溶剂对质子化常数的影响呈线性关系.测定了NEB与部分过渡金属M(Ⅱ)(M=Cd、Co、Ni、Cu及Zn)二元配合物的稳定常数,实验数据处理用程序MINIQUAD-82和MIQUV完成.在二元体系中存在的配合物物种有112、111、110及210型(M2+∶NEB3-∶H+),并且111及110型配合物稳定常数的变化规律Cd(Ⅱ)<Co(Ⅱ)<Ni(Ⅱ)<Cu(Ⅱ)>Zn(Ⅱ)符合Irving-Williams序列.

  7. TURISMUL ECOLOGIC ÎN RAIONUL ŞOLDĂNEŞTI, REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: PROBLEME ŞI PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana DUDNICENCO

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available În rezultatul investigaţiilor efectuate a fost selectat itinerarul ecoturistic ce include următoarele puncte de vizitare: rezervaţia peisajeră „Climăuţii de Jos”, satul Climăuţii de Jos, comuna Vadul-Raşcov, satul Cuşălăuca, mănăstirea „Cuşălăuca”, rezervaţia peisajeră „Dobruşa” şi mănăstirea „Dobruşa”. Au fost descrise principalele obiecte propuse vizitării de către ecoturişti şi vizitatori, au fost abordate problemele ecologice principale ale acestora, a căror soluţionare ar facilita dezvoltarea ecoturismului atât la nivel naţional, cât şi internaţional. În raionul Şoldăneşti sunt bogate şi reprezen­tative resurse naturale şi antropice ce impulsionează dezvoltarea ecoturismului în Zona de Centru a Republicii Moldova.  ECOLOGICAL TOURISM IN THE SOLDANESTI DISTRICT, REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVESIn the results of these investigations there have been done the ecotourism itineraries: „Climautii de Jos” landscape reserve, Climautii de Jos village, Vadul-Rascov commune, Cusalauca village, „Cusalauca” monastery, „Dobrusa” landscape reserve and „Dobrusa” monastery. It have been described the proposed main objects for visitation by tourists and visitors and have been emphasized its main ecological problems, solving which would boost the development of ecotourism at national and international level. Soldanesti district possesses rich and representative human and natural resources which facilitating the development of eco-tourism in the center region of theMoldovaRepublic. 

  8. IMPACTUL PSIHIATRICO-LEGAL AL INFRACŢIUNILOR SEXUALE ÎMPOTRIVA MINORILOR ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

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    Constanţa MADAN

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Actuala cercetare are drept scop studierea şi relevarea structurii infracţiunilor sexuale împotriva minorilor din Republica Moldova şi determinarea urmărilor psihiatrice evidente. Studiului au fost supuse şi analizate 100 de cazuri de infracţiuni sexuale împotriva minorilor, cercetate în secţia clinică a Centrului de Medicină Legală din municipiul Chişinău, săvârşite în perioada anilor 2010-2015. Ulterior, în fişele medicale din arhiva Spitalului Clinic de Psihiatrie au fost căutate numele acestor victime, în vederea stabilirii prezenţei la ele a unor tulburări psihice. S-a stabilit impactul infracţiuni­lor sexuale asupra stării psihice a minorilor în funcţie de anumite criterii, folosind o fişă-schemă statistică anexată.THE FORENSIC AND PSYCHIATRIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE SEXUAL OFFENSES DIRECTED AGAINST THE MINORS FROM REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThe research purpose is to study and reveal the structure of sexual offenses against minors in Moldova with obvious psychiatric consequences. 100 cases of sexual offenses against children examined at Clincal Department of Forensic Medical Center and at the Archive of the Psychiatric Hospital from Moldova were studied, during the period of 2010-2015. It was established the impact of the sexual abuse to minors according by some points, using an annex statistics.

  9. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN BUSINESS AREA OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Natalia VINOGRADOVA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the main traits of the process of the social responsibility’s formation in the business area of the Republic of Moldova have been described: the premises for business social responsibility’s development have been distinguished; the key factors influencing the implementation in detail the concept of social responsibility in enterprises have been defined; the classification of enterprises depending on principal causes that contributed to the development of socially responsible actions has been suggested; the measures of the state support of enterprises’ social responsibility have been examined.

  10. GENERAL ASPECTS RELATED TO THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF FOREIGN CURRENCY IN THE FOREX MARKET IN MOLDOVA

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    Tatiana ŞEVCIUC

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The buying-selling currency activity is a specific kind of trade within which currency is considered to be a good. The result of this trade is a price (currency rate of exchange that depends on the demand-supply conditions existing on the market; this price may be limited from legal point of view. The purpose of this article is to define various transactions on the currency market including that of the Republic of Moldova and to single out currency transactions within foreign currency accounts of the residents and non-residents.

  11. Is traditional contraceptive use in Moldova associated with poverty and isolation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons-Amos, Mark J; Durrant, Gabriele B; Padmadas, Sabu S

    2011-05-01

    This study investigates the correlates of traditional contraceptive use in Moldova, a poor country in Europe with one of the highest proportions of traditional contraceptive method users. The high reliance on traditional methods, particularly in the context of sub-replacement level fertility rate, has not been systematically evaluated in demographic research. Using cross-sectional data on a sub-sample of 6039 sexually experienced women from the 2005 Moldovan Demographic and Health Survey, this study hypothesizes that (a) economic and spatial disadvantages increase the likelihood of traditional method use, and (b) high exposure to family planning/reproductive health (FP/RH) programmes increases the propensity to modern method use. Multilevel multinomial models are used to examine the correlates of traditional method use controlling for exposure to sexual activity, socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and data structure. The results show that economic disadvantage increases the probability of traditional method use, but the overall effect is small. Although higher family planning media exposure decreases the reliance on traditional methods among younger women, it has only a marginal effect in increasing modern method use among older women. Family planning programmes designed to encourage women to switch from traditional to modern methods have some success--although the effect is considerably reduced in regions outside of the capital Chisinau. The study concludes that FP/RH efforts directed towards the poorest may have limited impact, but interventions targeted at older women could reduce the burden of unwanted pregnancies and abortions. Addressing differentials in accessing modern methods could improve uptake in rural areas.

  12. PIAŢA OBLIGAŢIUNILOR ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA. TENDINŢE DE DEZVOLTARE

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    Andrei MULIC

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Obligaţiunea este un titlu de valoare care atestă calitatea de creditor a deţinătorului ei faţă de emitent, emitentul obli­gându-se să plătească deţinătorului obligaţiunii o sumă anuală fixă, numită cuponul obligaţiunii, pe întreaga perioadă de valabilitate a acesteia. Obligaţiunea este un înscris emis de o întreprindere care are nevoie de finanţare, pe baza căruia aceasta obţine un împrumut. Firma care emite obligaţiunea se numeşte debitor, iar cea care o deţine se numeşte credi­tor (acesta oferă un împrumut. Obligaţiunile sunt active financiare cu dobândă fixă. Piaţa obligaţiunilor este constituită în majoritate din obligaţiuni cu o rată fixă a dobânzii.THE BOND MARKET IN MOLDOVA. DEVELOPMENT TRENDSBond is a security certifying its holder as a creditor to the issuer, the issuer is forcing bondholder them pay a fixed annual fee, called coupon bond throughout the period of validity. Bond is a document issued by a company that needs financing, on which it obtains a loan. The company issuing the bond is called debtor and the creditor who has called (it provides a loan. The bonds are financial assets with fixed interest. The bond market consists mostly of bonds with a fixed interest rate. 

  13. THE INTEGRATED SHORT-TERM STATISTICAL SURVEYS: EXPERIENCE OF NBS IN MOLDOVA

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    Oleg CARA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The users’ rising need for relevant, reliable, coherent, timely data for the early diagnosis of the economic vulnerability and of the turning points in the business cycles, especially during a financial and economic crisis, asks for a prompt answer, coordinated by statistical institutions. High quality short term statistics are of special interest for the emerging market economies, such as the Moldavian one, being extremely vulnerable when facing economic recession. Answering to the challenges of producing a coherent and adequate image of the economic activity, by using the system of indicators and definitions efficiently applied at the level of the European Union, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS of the Republic of Moldova has launched the development process of an integrated system of short term statistics (STS based on the advanced international experience.Thus, in 2011, BNS implemented the integrated statistical survey on STS based on consistent concepts, harmonized with the EU standards. The integration of the production processes, which were previously separated, is based on a common technical infrastructure, standardized procedures and techniques for data production. The achievement of this complex survey with holistic approach has allowed the consolidation of the statistical data quality, comparable at European level and the signifi cant reduction of information burden on business units, especially of small size.The reformation of STS based on the integrated survey has been possible thanks to the consistent methodological and practical support given to NBS by the National Institute of Statistics (INS of Romania, for which we would like to thank to our Romanian colleagues.

  14. LATURA SUBIECTIVĂ A INFRACŢIUNILOR VAMALE POTRIVIT LEGISLAŢIEI REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

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    Pasat Aurel Octavian

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available În cadrul studiului întreprins este supusă investigaţiei latura subiectivă a infracţiunilor prevăzute la art.248 şi 249 CP RM (infracţiunile de contrabandă şi cele de eschivare de la achitarea plăţilor vamale. Se argumentează că infracţiunile vamale pot fi comise doar cu intenţie directă. În acelaşi timp, se demonstrează că eschivarea de la achitarea plăţilor vamale este comisă cu un scop special, acesta constituind semn obligatoriu al componenţei de infracţiune. Se arată că pentru a fi în prezenţa contrabandei prelungite este necesar ca făptuitorul să manifeste o intenţie unică, dublată de un scop unic, faţă de toate acţiunile infracţionale comise.SUBJECTIVE SIDE OF THE CUSTOMS OFFENCE ACCORDING REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA LEGISLATION In the study conducted is investigated subjective side of offenses mentioned in art.248 and 249 PC RM (crimes of smuggling and the evasion of customs payments. It is argued that customs offenses can be committed only with direct intention. At the same time, it is demonstrates that the evasion of customs payments is committed with special purpose, this being mandatory sign of a crime. It shows that to be in the presence of prolonged smuggling it is necessary that the perpetrator to manifest single intention, coupled with a unique purpose, to all committed criminal actions.

  15. The War from Afghanistan (1979–1989 in the Memory of Participants from the Republic of Moldova. Official and Oral Speech

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    Ion XENOFONTOV

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the consequences caused by the war in Afghanistan (1979-1989 upon the participants from Republic of Moldova. A number of evidence are offered through biographies, interviews etc.. They highlight the impact that this event had both economic, and social as well, upon the active participants in this war.

  16. RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND THE MOST RELEVANT ACHIEVEMENTS OF CHEMISTRY RESEARCHERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA FOR THE PERIOD OF 2004-2007

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    Pavel F. Vlad

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The first International Conference organized by the Chemical Society of Moldova has taken place in the early October 2003. Following are the most important research directions, objectives and realizations, achieved by different institutions involved in chemical research during the period of 2004-2007, presented in a very concise form.

  17. Assessment of undiscovered continuous oil and gas resources in the Dnieper-Donets Basin and North Carpathian Basin Provinces, Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, and Poland, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klett, Timothy R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

    2016-11-30

    Using a geology-based methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated undiscovered, technically recoverable mean resources of 13 million barrels of oil and 2,643 billion cubic feet of natural gas in the Dnieper-Donets Basin and North Carpathian Basin Provinces of Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, and Poland.

  18. FEATURES OF PRICING OF THE MORTGAGE MARKET IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA (Part 1

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    Tatiana KASYANENKO

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the study is determined by the importance of the market of mortgage loans as the main instrument of social policy. The aim of the article is to identify the relationship between the volume of mortgage loans and the value of residential real estate on both the primary and secondary markets. The article consists of two parts. The main objective of the first part of this article is to clarify the concepts and features of mortgage loans, and identification of peculiarities of mortgage loans in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova. The methodological basis of the work is made up of methods of analysis and synthesis, the combination of logical and historical approaches, methods of economic comparison and statistical analysis. The result of the study of the first part of the article is to identify the stages of development of mortgage loans in the Russian Federation, an analysis of prices in the primary and secondary markets of residential property on the basis of aggregate statistical indicators that reflect the status and characteristics of the housing market. The Russian experience is correlated with the peculiarities of the development of the mortgage market in the Republic of Moldova.

  19. Physical health symptoms reported by trafficked women receiving post-trafficking support in Moldova: prevalence, severity and associated factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Many trafficked people suffer high levels of physical, sexual and psychological abuse. Yet, there has been limited research on the physical health problems associated with human trafficking or how the health needs of women in post-trafficking support settings vary according to socio-demographic or trafficking characteristics. Methods We analysed the prevalence and severity of 15 health symptoms reported by 120 trafficked women who had returned to Moldova between December 2007 and December 2008 and were registered with the International Organisation for Migration Assistance and Protection Programme. Women had returned to Moldova an average of 5.9 months prior to interview (range 2-12 months). Results Headaches (61.7%), stomach pain (60.9%), memory problems (44.2%), back pain (42.5%), loss of appetite (35%), and tooth pain (35%) were amongst the most commonly reported symptoms amongst both women trafficked for sexual exploitation and women trafficked for labour exploitation. The prevalence of headache and memory problems was strongly associated with duration of exploitation. Conclusions Trafficked women who register for post-trafficking support services after returning to their country of origin are likely to have long-term physical and dental health needs and should be provided with access to comprehensive medical services. Health problems among women who register for post-trafficking support services after returning to their country of origin are not limited to women trafficked for sexual exploitation but are also experienced by victims of labour exploitation. PMID:22834807

  20. Education in Transition: a Way to Democratic Citizenship and Common Identity in the post-Soviet Moldova

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    Sanda-Daniela ALEXEICIUC

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper explains the situation when Communist government in Moldova had replaced the existing national history textbook series with integrated history of Moldova in 2003 that collapsed national history and world history into a single course. The paper shows the investigating the textbooks that been met with mass street demonstrations, public opposition and skepticism, and fierce criticism. Building on the special role that Moldovans assign to their history textbooks, this paper analyzes the debates surrounding these textbooks as a means of understanding both the broader controversies related to the writing and teaching of a national history and the role of history education in constructing a cohesive Moldovan citizenry and furthering democratization of Moldovan society. The use of terms “citizenship” and “national identity” are also explained in this paper as well UN, Council of Europe and Ministry of education recommendations for teachers to improve their teaching methods. The paper indicates what needs to be done like international development analysts, economic, political as well democratic citizenship improvement.

  1. Dinamica relației dintre migrație și dezvoltare. Perspective asupra cazului Republicii Moldova

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    Cristina HARUȚA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available International migration has been associated for decades either with development or with underdevelopment of the origin and destination countries. For those who highlight the positive link between migration and development the benefits of human mobility reside in the financial and social remittances of the migrants, the brain gain, the transfers of goods/ideas/capital, strengthened local economies in countries of origin and alleviated levels of poverty in migrant households etc. Nonetheless, the existing empirical studies have shown that the migration-development nexus is complex and by no means unidirectional, therefore any context in which a certain degree of modernization or development is claimed to occur due to migration, has to be analyzed thoroughly and approached skeptically. The focus of this article is the migratory process in Republic of Moldova. I attempt to deconstruct and to analyze a range of different stances and perspectives that apply to migration and development in Moldova, although some of them have not been entirely validated from an empirical standpoint.

  2. Physical health symptoms reported by trafficked women receiving post-trafficking support in Moldova: prevalence, severity and associated factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oram, Siân; Ostrovschi, Nicolae V; Gorceag, Viorel I; Hotineanu, Mihai A; Gorceag, Lilia; Trigub, Carolina; Abas, Melanie

    2012-07-26

    Many trafficked people suffer high levels of physical, sexual and psychological abuse. Yet, there has been limited research on the physical health problems associated with human trafficking or how the health needs of women in post-trafficking support settings vary according to socio-demographic or trafficking characteristics. We analysed the prevalence and severity of 15 health symptoms reported by 120 trafficked women who had returned to Moldova between December 2007 and December 2008 and were registered with the International Organisation for Migration Assistance and Protection Programme. Women had returned to Moldova an average of 5.9 months prior to interview (range 2-12 months). Headaches (61.7%), stomach pain (60.9%), memory problems (44.2%), back pain (42.5%), loss of appetite (35%), and tooth pain (35%) were amongst the most commonly reported symptoms amongst both women trafficked for sexual exploitation and women trafficked for labour exploitation. The prevalence of headache and memory problems was strongly associated with duration of exploitation. Trafficked women who register for post-trafficking support services after returning to their country of origin are likely to have long-term physical and dental health needs and should be provided with access to comprehensive medical services. Health problems among women who register for post-trafficking support services after returning to their country of origin are not limited to women trafficked for sexual exploitation but are also experienced by victims of labour exploitation.

  3. The Actual Stage of Potential Development Regarding the Tourism in Slănic Moldova Resort, Bacău County

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    Popa Ovidiu Cristian

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article illustrates the concept of tourism potential, which includes all natural and human tourism resources which generate various forms of tourism. Slănic Moldova town is in a great development, being sustained by the glorious oldtime image: ”Moldova‟s Pearl”. The recent accomplishments, the implementation projects and the short and medium time investment programs aim not only to affirm the resort at a regional level, but to transform it in to an authentic “Romanian tourism pearl”. Developing Slănic Moldova town will aim to develop its natural resources. For the years to come, it is willing to sustain a long-lasting economy especially based on touristic services at a European level, but also on diversifying the local economic activities, in respect for the nature and permanent environment preoccupation. In order to reach certain values the contribution of all factors that can determine the town‟s socio-economic development are needed: the local community and the local‟s support, keeping the environment intact and not the least increasing the number of tourists. Slănic Moldova will be one of the main touristic balneoclimatheric mountain destinations in Romania having a diverse and attractive touristic offer during the entire year, high quality touristic services, in an exceptional, pollution free, natural environment. Slănic Moldova will pass through an essential stage of its development, in which the national and external touristic context will be redefined. Being guided by the reputation of „Moldova‟s Pearl”, Slănic Moldova will develop its mineral waters and great natural environment extraordinary potential, thus becoming the great „pearl of Romanian tourism”.

  4. Review for the volume Alexei Marco. The destiny of a jeweler from Moldova, by Liliana Condraticova, work about the monographic study of the artist jeweler Alexei Marco, within Moldovan cultural space

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    Ana CARAS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper represents the review for the volume Alexei Marco. The destiny of a jeweler from Moldova, by Liliana Condraticova, published at Lumen Publishing House, a volume about the monographic study of an artist jeweler from Moldova. The work comes as a novelty element in the cultural context of Moldova. The lack of studies regarding the life and work of the masters of jewelry manufacturing, determined the author to develop a work in order to provide relevant, comprehensive information, in terms of the artistic creation of the most famous jeweler in Moldova – Alexei Marco. The study uses monographic method, a method used particularly in empirical research, which involves direct observation of territorial social unit without the use of sampling and without manipulating variables. The social reality investigated is approached in all its manifestations.

  5. Management of the impact on soil in Republic of Moldova: Problems and solutions

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    Petru BACAL

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The great impact on soils in Republic of Moldova is represented by the non-ecological exploitation of agricultural land, non-sanitation of rural space, massive negligence ofpopulation and local authorities, surveillance and control authorities of land resources. The most common form of impact on soils is erosion. Very rapid increase of the surfacesaffected by erosion is conditioned, in particular, by the non-compliance of environmental requirements to allocation and exploitation of agricultural land and by the actualinefficient management of land resources. In the last two decades, there has been a significant reduction of ecological laboratories for soil quality evaluation, conditioned by liquidation of district and regional centres of plant protection. The State Ecological Inspectorate, which has the exclusive function of ecological damage evaluation, has very modest financial and human resources. As a result, despite the frequent cases of infringement of soil and land protection, because of very low evaluation capacity, most environmental damage in this area are not established and subject to compensation, and most land beneficiaries ignore normative of land and soil use and protection. Due to financial shortages in rural areas apply minimum rates of fines, which do notreflect the real impact on the soil cover. The collected sums from the application of fines are significantly lower than the damage caused to the soils. Under the new Offences Code,it was introduced the penalty for burning stubble, substantially increasing the payment discharge and the amounts of fines for unauthorized land use and for destruction of soilfertile layer. However, there is no positive change in penalties for causing erosion, for falsifying and concealing information about the status of land. Most damage compensation actions are brought for burning stubble and for soil contamination, while compensation actions for damage caused by erosion and

  6. Some peculiarities of accounting of government grants in context IFRS and National Standarts Republic Moldova

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    V.Tsurcanu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The process of preparation of fair presentation of Financial Statements establishments on the basis of economic approach was possible due to the evolution of methodology of accounting. Implementation of legal technique allows to account the conditions of receiving of contract as special and so exceptional according to the economic content of events. In the context of fair presentation the necessary issue is the concept of substance over form. One of such specifically contracts which determines the particular character of accounting is the contract of government grants obtaining. The authors examine some problems of discussion of government grants accounting: effectiveness of the concept of substance over form; mechanism of presentation of government grants in the context of international and national aspects; accounting of government grants related to assets over prism of tax legislation. The basis for the formulation of the notion of government grants is the economic essence, a legal form is the proof that the transaction is legitimate. However, the economic essence is in contradiction with the form in the financial reporting when presenting information about government grants. In the context of fair presentation, it must be neutralized. For this purpose, the authors have conducted the research of effectiveness of the concept of substance over form related to the government grants. 146 The article has conducted the comparison of key issues of International Standards with National Standards of Republic Moldova. In result of the comparison the appropriate mechanism of accounting is correct according to the methodology of their application. The article also arguments that government grants is deferred income in accordance with their economic characteristics; and the elements of Financial Statements should be recognized as a liability; in accordance with the conception fair value should be measured. In relationship with the effectiveness of the

  7. L.E.A.P. AS A CONTRIBUTION TO LOCAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Petru COCÎRŢĂ

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to developing environmental management at local level, which has a major importance in Moldova. In the paper described preparation processes ofthe Local Environmental Actions Plan (LEAP for two selected locations in the central part of the Republic of Moldova: communes Hruşova (district Criuleni and Siret (districtStraseni. It is known that environmental management is an essential process in reducing the negative influence of anthropogenic factor, in establishment of equilibrium in the natural environment and implementation of the rules of rational use of natural resources. Theoretical and methodological analysis of international and national environmental management has demonstrated the importance of the elaboration of LEAP for urban andrural communities. Collection and analysis of information from published and electronic (INTERNET sources, as well as from the localities have served at the presentation of the basic features of environmental status and environmental protection activities at local level. Research methods used: selective analysis of water samples, biological and visual materials on the field, complex evaluation of the environmental status; topography and cartographic works on the land and in the laboratory; the methods of awareness, dialogue and questioning of experts in the field and interested public from selected localities, the deduction methods for formulation of the conclusion and ways of solving environmental problems, etc. The LEAP elaborations have been included: PLAM developments have included: 1. Making theoretical and methodological explanation for local environmental management, 2. Analysis and differentiated feature of state of the environment and its components. 3. Analysis of priorities in economic and social activities, feature impact of anthropogenic activities and of local ecologicalmanagement in villages Hrusova (district Criuleni and Siret (district Straseni; 4

  8. "MAGIC" FORMULA OF THE JOINT AUDITS IN RAISING REVENUE THROUGH WEEDING OUT CORRUPT PRACTICES (BASED ON ROMANIA AND MOLDOVA CASES

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    Diana CRICLIVAIA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Around one trillion Euros is lost to tax evasion and avoidance every year in the EU. In this context, governments have increasingly been tempted to turn to cross-border audits to secure needed resources and expertise to assist in ensuring international compliance with various taxes and other sources of revenue. However to manage international tax compliance revenue authorities are faced with the significant problem of corruption. The aim of this paper is to examine whether joint audits have to be applied in order to increase the efficiency of revenue collection. In order to narrow the field of investigation, the article focuses primarily on the situation faced by the Romania and Moldova.

  9. THE REALITY AND PERSPECTIVES OF ACHIEVING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS REGARDING POVERTY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Lilia GHITIU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The novelty of the paper consists in the importance of poverty phenomenon, which has become a serious problem both at national and regional levels in recent years. The main paper objective consists in researching of poverty eradication, which is possible just by finding multilateral and complex solutions, because of the complicated nature of this scourge of society. In this case, the involvement of international organizations has a major importance. According to the EU commitments and of international community, public assistance for development should be increased as soon as possible. But, beneficiary countries, must improve their economic and institutional governance. Thus, the Republic Moldova has aligned itself along with other countries in achieving these objectives. There where used the following research methods: systematic analysis, synthesis, logic, etc. The main scientific results of the authors in this paper are the identification, analysis and systematization of the central elements in fighting with poverty phenomenon in our country taking into account its international character.

  10. LATERAL MARKETING IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SUCCESSFUL PRODUCT POLICY OF WINERIES IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Svetlana GHENOVA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This scientific publication is aimed at solving application of lateral marketing the issues of in the context of commodity policy of wineries in the Republic of Moldova. Currently, Moldovan wineries face with a high level of competition,both in foreign and domestic market of alcoholic beverages, which leads to an unstable dynamics of growth of volumes of production and sales of their products. We have also studied examples of applying the lateral technology of Moldovan wineries, which revealed the level of the problem and their implementation. Along with this, a number of recommendations have been made in the framework of lateral marketing at the product level, market and marketing mix, allowing increasing the efficiency of commodity policy of domestic wineries.

  11. THE SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES AS THE BASIC COMPONENT OF THE ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Liliana GRINCIUC

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research was to study and put into evidence the importance of the small and medium enterprises as the basic component of the entrepreneurial activity in the Republic of Moldova. As a result of the investigated research topic, it can be noted that during the last 5 years, the number of small and medium enterprises was growing steadily, increasing from 43.7 thousand enterprises in 2009 to 50.9 thousand enterprises in 2013, the sector had a share about 97.4 percent of the total number of registered enterprises in the year 2013. The growing results were recorded in the last two years on revenue of the sales and obtained profit, and according to the types of activities the most of the requested enterprises are those in the wholesale and retail, sector rentals, real estate transactions and activities to provide services for enterprises.

  12. THE ANALYSIS OF THE DYNAMIC EVOLUTION OF REMITTANCES IN MOLDOVA AND ITS ROLE IN FORMATION OF MONEY SUPPLY

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    Elena NIREAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Remittances are one of the most studied aspects of migration inMoldovaand have an important role in boosting domestic demand, but their high level and low investments are factors that determine a high degree of vulnerability of the economy. The current reduction in remittances in terms of investment failure will immediately affect consumption and GDP growth, which already is observed. Moreover, remittances lead to currency depreciation, conditioning more expensive exports fromMoldova. The first signs of decreasing remittances have led to currency depreciation. So remittances influence monetary policy as a result of growth of money supply, increased demand and intensifying inflationary risks.The national economy remains dependent on remittances from citizens working abroad and this dependence starts to wear on an even more alarming feature because remittances volume is declining due to the effects of regional-economic and financial crisis. This means that the national economy is facing major problems and to solve them is necessary to lead urgent and sustainable measures. ANALIZA EVOLUŢIEI DINAMICE A REMITENŢELOR ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA ŞI ROLUL LOR ÎN FORMAREA MASEI MONETARERemitenţele sunt unul dintre cele mai cercetate aspecte ale migraţiei din Republica Moldova şi au un rol important în creşterea cererii interne, dar nivelul înalt al acestora şi investiţiile reduse sunt factori care determină un grad înalt de vulnerabilitate a economiei naţionale. Reducerea actuală a remitenţelor în condiţiile insuficienţei de investiţii va afecta imediat consumul şi creşterea PIB-ului, ceea ce deja se observă. Remitenţele conduc la aprecierea monedei naţionale, condiţionând scumpirea exportului din Moldova. Primele semne de scădere a remitenţelor au determinat şi deprecierea monedei naţionale. Deci, remitenţele influenţează politica monetară, ca rezultat al creşterii masei monetare, sporirii cererii şi intensific

  13. MIGRANTS' REMITTANCES: ECONOMIC LIFELINE BUT FRAGILE SUPPORT FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. THE CASE OF BELARUS, MOLDOVA AND UKRAINE (A MACROECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE

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    S. Burnete

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Today's economic development on a global scale is highly dependent on the free movement of factors of production across national borders in search of highest return in case of capital, highest compensation in case of technological and managerial capabilities, biggest pay envelope, in case of physical labor and so on. Although the latter has long been hampered from moving owing, on the one hand, to deterrence policies pursued by home countries' governments, and on the other hand, to barriers erected against immigration by host countries, legions of workers of various skills and abilities managed to shift to developed countries in order to find better-paid jobs. People heading for the West generally succeeded in saving significant shares of their earnings, which they would send to their families at home. The paper contains a comparative analysis aimed at ascertaining the effects of remittances on the economies of three ex-Soviet countries: Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine.

  14. FISCAL CULTURE - AS KEY ELEMENTS OF ENSURING TAX COMPLIANCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (BASED ON THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA EXPERIENCE

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    Diana CRICLIVAIA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tax avoidance and tax evasion have considerably consumed the ink and papers of academic research because taxation is an issue that has been relevant in the last 6000 years of human history and will continue to be relevant in the future. Questions about tax compliance are as old as taxes themselves and will remain an area of discovery as long as taxes exist. To understand the impact of a tax system, it is important to know who complies with the tax law as well as who does not. In this paper I discuss several key factors that seem to be important for understanding tax compliance in Republic of Moldova: factors of tax evasion and avoidance, consequences and methods for ensuring tax compliance.

  15. THE COMPETITIVENESS OF HIGH VALUE ADDED AGRICULTURE AND MAJOR FACTORS OF ITS INCREASING: THE CASE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Dragoş CIMPOIEŞ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The key-factors of competitiveness of high value added agriculture of the Republic of Moldova and their great importance in increasing the national wealth of the country are analyzed in this paper. The wealth of a country in terms of competitiveness represents the level in which the country, in conditions of the market economy, produces goods and services to satisfy the global market requirements, thus increasing the real income of the citizens of the country. In this context, factors which have an indispensable contribution in increasing the competitiveness of the high value agriculture are: exports, Foreign Direct Investments, innovations, the role of the state institutions, the business climate and others. By the fact how the state contributes by its agricultural policies to attract FDI, to increase exports, to apply innovations and high technologies in the process of obtaining high value agricultural products depends the competitiveness of the agricultural sector of the country

  16. Prevalence of hypertension and diabetes and coexistence of chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular risk in the population of the republic of moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Codreanu, Igor; Sali, Vera; Gaibu, Sergiu; Suveica, Luminita; Popa, Sergiu; Perico, Norberto; Ene-Iordache, Bogdan; Carminati, Sergio; Feehally, John; Remuzzi, Giuseppe

    2012-01-01

    In 2005, the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) established the Global Outreach Program (GO) aimed at building a capacity for detecting and managing chronic kidney disease and its complications in low- and middle-income countries. Here we report data from the 2006-2007 screening program (1025 subjects from the general population) in the Republic of Moldova aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and their coexistence with microalbuminuria. The likelihood of a serious cardiovascular (CV) event was also estimated. Hypertension and diabetes were very common among screened subjects. The prevalence of microalbuminuria was 16.9% and that of estimated GFR Moldova patients with hypertension and diabetes should be screened for the coexistence of renal abnormalities, with the intention of developing disease-specific health-care interventions with the primary goal to reduce CV morbidity and mortality and prevent renal disease progression to end stage renal disease.

  17. THE INTERACTION OF TEAM MEMBERS AS A KEY FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ITS SKILLS AND BENEFITS IN THE ENTERPRISES OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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    Stela GUZUN, PhD Student,Free International University of Moldova

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The actuality of the theme consists in concretizing the importance of the management teams, identifying and classifying the most adequate individual and personality qualities and the behavior specificity of their members. The author emphasizes the analysis methods of premises that encourages the formation of the management teams, analyzes the impact of the place and the role of the property, of its structure on the practice regarding the formation of the management teams within the companies of the Republic of Moldova. The results are considered as useful and axiomatic in the process of elaborating the management model by the administration of the local companies. The aim is to motivate scientifically and to elaborate the concept fundamentals concerning the formation and the functioning of the management teams, which might improve the management of the modern companies from the Republic of Moldova.

  18. The Ideological and Political Dimensions of the Anti-Smoking and Anti-Drinking Video Advertisements in the Republic of Moldova.

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    Stanchevici, Dmitri

    2016-07-01

    Based on the critical approach in health communication, along with Habermas's theory of legitimation and Ellul's theory of propaganda, this qualitative study analyzes the political and ideological dimensions of the video advertisements used in the 2012 anti-smoking and 2014 anti-drinking campaigns in the Republic of Moldova. This analysis shows that these health videos support male domination and exclusion of the poor and legitimate the current political leadership with its declared pro-European orientation. This study uniquely contributes to the critical approach in health communication by focusing on the post-Soviet context in which statehood and national identity are unstable and societies are torn between the Russian and (post-)Soviet influences on one hand and European aspirations on the other. Drawing on critical scholarship in global health communication, this article calls for greater respect and recognition of Moldova's local culture and definition of health.

  19. The Situation of Investment Projects for Modernization of Agricultural Holdings in Moldova Before and After Romania’s Accession to the European Union

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    Alina-Mirela Marcu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present the situation of EU funds absorption for modernization the agricultural holdings in Moldova, geographical region considered to be among the poorest in Romania. After 1989, the essential changes in the land structures ownership on the replacement the old structures land ownership of socialist economy with private property, have profoundly marked the Romanian rural space and the food trade balance of Romania suffered a continuing deterioration. The funding based on projects implemented once the SAPARD pre-accession funds, has provided many perspectives Romanian farmers, especially by increasing the budget for investments in the field. This approach shows that the economic performance of representative agricultural holdings in Moldova has evolved positively, but differently across the region.

  20. CHARACTERISTIC OF STEADY-STATE REGIME FOR ONE OF SCENARIOUS OF MOLDOVA RIGHT BANK POWER SYSTEM INTEGRATION TO ENTSO-E

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    Zaitsev D.A.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the integration scenario of Moldavian power system to ENTSO-E. Various options of the development of power generation on the territory of the Republic of Moldova have been proposed and analyzed in order to correspond with Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2030. Analysis of steady-state operation has been performed regarding active power losses for entire power system, and also for the each element with differentiation on voltage levels. The computation and estimation of static stability factor for active power and for voltage were performed. Import/export of energy was estimated, and other indices of regime of energy system were analyzed as well. Technically effective variants were selected as a result of comparative analysis.

  1. PREMISELE CONSTITUIRII SOCIETĂŢII CIVILE ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

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    Carolina BUDURINA-GOREACII

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available În perioada regimului totalitar-comunist din URSS statul a încălcat suveranitatea poporului, iar timpul ce a urmat după prăbuşirea regimului comunist a fost marcat de schimbări esenţiale în statutul individului și al societăţii moldovenești în general. În același timp, a fost necesară crearea unor structuri neformale, autonome și independente care să apere drep­turile cetățenilor și să le ofere mai multe libertăți de luare a deciziilor în treburile publice locale. În acest context, consti­tuirea societăţii civile a fost posibilă nu doar prin unirea eforturilor tuturor actorilor nestatali, dar și prin creşterea poten­ţia­lului cetăţenilor în comunitate.Problema societăţii civile a început să fie discutată activ în țara noastră, mai ales odată cu recunoaşterea Republicii Moldova în calitate de subiect de drept internaţional. Iar premisele constituirii societăţii civile au fost strâns corelate de situaţia social-politică, dezvoltarea economică, crearea cadrului legislativ şi de percepţia cetăţeanului privind democra­tizarea ţării. Toate aceste aspecte vor fi examinate în acest articol.PREMISES OF ESTABLISHING THE CIVIL SOCIETY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVADuring the totalitarian communist regime in the USSR the State violated the sovereignty of the people and the time that followed the collapse of the communist regime was marked by significant changes in the status of the individual and the Moldovan society in general. At the same time, it was necessary to create informal, autonomous and independent structures in order to defend the rights of citizens and to provide more freedom of decision-making in local public affairs. In this context, building civil society was only possible through the efforts of all non-state actors, and the increasing of citizens’ capacities in community.The issue of civil society began to be actively discussed in our country, especially with the recognition of

  2. Geochemical and isotopic investigations on the thermal and mineral underground waters from the Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisi, Barbara; Bogdevich, Oleg; Vaselli, Orlando; Nicoara, Igor; Tassi, Franco; Culighin, Elena; Mogorici, Cristina; Jeleapov, Victor; Mussi, Mario

    2017-04-01

    Republic of Moldova (RM) has a large spectrum of underground mineral waters (16 reservoirs) of eight principal aquifers, most of which affected by contaminants originated by natural sources and anthropogenic activities. Inorganic natural tracers and stable isotopes are useful tools to fingerprint the water source and solutes, respectively. The aim of this investigation was to determine the geochemical and isotopic features of the most important thermo- and mineral waters from RM to trace their flow pathways and evaluate the presence of deep fluid sources discharging from fault systems, developed in response to the structural setting of the area. To the best of our knowledge, no systematic geochemical investigations were previously carried out in this area. RM has an area of 33,840 km2 and lies within the East European Precambrian Platform, two structural and/or stratigraphic layers, which are distinguishable in basement and sedimentary cover in the northern and central part of country. The basement rocks include granites, gneisses and gabbros. The sedimentary cover, overlying the crystalline basement, is almost undeformed and consists of Upper Proterozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic rocks. The geological structure is like a matrix formed from different layers of rocks consisting of permeable and impermeable strata. The deep aquifers are situated down to 1,000 m depth from the bottom to the top: Vendian (Ediocariam) and crystalline basement rocks, Silurian crystalline limestone, Cretaceous limestone, Baden-Sarmatian limestone and clay-sand deposits, middle Sarmatian limestone and clay-sand layers. Other younger aquifers were not investigated. In this framework, 54 samples from the most important underground reservoirs of RM were collected and analyzed for major, trace species and dissolved gases. An inventory of isotopic (18O/16O and 2H/1H ratios in water and 13C/12C in dissolved CO2) features (including tritium units in selected samples) was also provided. By a

  3. Review for the Volume “Alexei Marco. Destinul unui bijutier din Moldova” / Alexei Marco. The Destiny of a Jeweler from Moldova – Author Liliana Condraticova

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    Antonio SANDU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The volume “Alexei Marco. The Destiny of a Jeweler from Moldova” review historiographical sources on jewelry art study, both worldwide and from Moldova. The historiographic presentation, performed with great professionalism in the use of historical sources, is perfected by the art critic’s sensitivity of Liliana Condraticova. The attraction of gold is alchemized, the metal being transformed into art. To simple economic value is added the esthetic human value.

  4. ASPECTUL LEGAL ŞI DOCTRINAR AL STATUTULUI JURIDIC AL DESCENDENŢILOR REZERVATARI DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

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    Vasilii PEREDERCO

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available În articol sunt analizate particularităţile statutului juridic al descendenţilor rezervatari din cadrul succesiunii legale pentru a determina rolul şi importanţa acestuia în lista succesorilor rezervatari. Autorul propune o definiţie proprie a noţiunii de descendent rezervatar succesoral, caracterizează dreptul descendenţilor, evidenţiază caracterele juridice ale descendenţilor rezervatari succesorali, analizează descendenţii rezervatari care sunt copii ai defunctului – atât minori, cât şi majori, atât din căsătorie, cât şi din afara căsătoriei, atât de sânge, cât şi înfiaţi, grupându-i în dependenţă de diferite criterii. Sunt scoase în relief caracterele specifice ale statutului juridic al descendenţilor rezervatari, autorul evidenţiind noţiunea inapt de muncă. Toate acestea au ca suport legislaţia în vigoare a Republicii Moldova, a altor state, precum şi doctrina cu referire la subiect. În rezultatul cercetărilor efectuate autorul formulează concluzii.LEGAL ASPECT DOCTRINAL LEGAL STATUS, OF SUCCESSORS REZERVATAR DESCENDANTS OF MOLDOVAIn this article the author aimed to analyze the peculiarities of the legal status of legatee descendants of the legal succession to determine its role and importance in the list of successors heirs. In achieving this goal and determining the role, importance and peculiarities of the legal status of descendants heirs of legal succession, characterized by downward legatee notion of inheritance, proposing his own definition, right offspring, progeny showed characters of legal successor legatee, offspring analyzed heirs who are both deceased minor children as well as adults, both in marriage and outside marriage as both blood as well as the adoption, grouping them depending on different criteria, highlighted specific legatee characters legal status of offspring, highlighting the concept unable to work analyzed the legislation of the Republic of Moldova, other countries

  5. Accumulation of Polyphenolic Substances in Leaves and Flowers of Giant Knotweed (Polygonum Sachalinense in Republic of Moldova Conditions

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    R. A. IVANOVA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Polyphenolic substances contained in many plants possess strong antioxidant activity. One of the perspective plants for obtaining polyphenols manifesting pharmacological effects is the giant knotweed or the Sakhalin knotweed, syn. Polygonum sachalinense F. Schmidt, syn. Fallopia sachalinensis Ronse Decr., Reynoutria sachalinensis Nakai, Tiniaria sachalinensis Janch. This plant has been adapted for conditions of Republic of Moldova by scientists of Botanical Garden (Institute, who have bred a new variety GIGANT.The leaves have been collected during the entire season at different vegetation stages, namely at 20, 60, 150 and 180 days of growing up. The extracts from leaves and flowers have been prepared using water-ethanol solution with concentration of 70%. The total polyphenolic content has been determined by Folin-Ciocalteu procedure and calculated in gallic acid equivalent.At the beginning of intensive development of plants (on 20th day the leaves contained about 5.31±0.05mg of polyphenols per g of fresh weight. During the period of 20-60 growing days the accumulation of polyphenolic substances in leaves increased fast and their content reached to value of 20.45±0.32mg/g. The maximal content of polyphenols in leaves as well as in flowers was detected at the stage of abundant flowering at 150th growing day. In this stage the flowers contained 1.2 times more polyphenolic substances than the leaves. This balance changed substantially in period of seed formation (180 days, when the content of polyphenols in leaves decreased insignificantly from 28.90±0.26 to 24.20±0.62mg/g, but in flowers this index dropped by 4.5 times. This fact reflected the physiological changes in plants associated with processes of seed formation and their preparation for winter. Thus, leaves and flowers of giant knotweed in conditions of Republic of Moldova accumulated polyphenols in big quantities, which justifies its use as a medicinal plant and a new source of

  6. Răspunsul comparativ al fagului şi stejarului la secetă în Rezervaţia Naturală Codrii (R. Moldova [Comparative response of beech and oak to drought in Codrii Natural Reserve (R. Moldova

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    Popa Ionel

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Drought is main climatic risk factor in Republic of Moldova with major effects on economic and ecologic level. Regional climatic models indicate for Moldova an increase of temperature and decrease of precipitation during the summer in the future decades. We evaluated the response of beech and oak to cumulative water deficit using SPEI index at different time scales. Results of climate-growth correlations indicate a higher sensitivity of beech to drought comparing with oak. Maximum correlation for beech is observed at 18-20 month SPEI scale (0.60 and for oak at time scale of 12-18 month, but lower (0.45. Earlywood growth index of oak are low correlated with SPEI. Oak, a more tolerant drought species, is more adapted compared with beech under the forescasted climatic changes in this region.

  7. Dynamics of phosphorus forms in the bottom sediments and their interstitial water for the Prut River (Moldova).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusu, Vasile; Postolachi, Larisa; Povar, Igor; Alder, Alfredo; Lupascu, Tudor

    2012-09-01

    Phosphorus concentration in rivers results from both external inputs and internal loading from the bottom sediments. Seasonal, spatial, and multi-annual dynamics of phosphorus forms in bottom sediments and their interstitial water for the river Prut (Moldova) were evaluated. In order to determine content of total phosphorus in the bottom sediments, fresh (wet) samples were subjected to persulfate oxidation. The content of inorganic phosphorus was determined after acidic oxidation of samples. The amount of organic phosphorus was obtained by subtracting inorganic phosphorus from the amount of total phosphorus. Content of phosphorus forms in interstitial water was determined after centrifugation of fresh (wet) sediments. In general, the shape of dynamics of the amounts of inorganic phosphorus in sediments was close during years 2009, 2010, and 2011, with registered higher contents of this form on the middle course of the river. The spatial dynamics of organic phosphorus is less homogeneous along the Prut River. During 2009, higher amounts of organic phosphorus were recorded on the middle sector. During the spring of year 2010, the content of organic phosphorus in sediments was practically not changed along the river. The ratio of inorganic/organic phosphorus in bottom sediments was similar during the researched years, with the predominance of the inorganic phosphorus being recorded. Also, the increasing tendency of the percentage of organic phosphorus from spring to summer was identified. Generally, appropriate spatial and seasonal dynamics of phosphorus forms in bottom sediments and their interstitial water were recorded, although sometimes with some differences.

  8. Assessment of climate change vulnerability at the local level: a case study on the Dniester River Basin (Moldova).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corobov, Roman; Sîrodoev, Igor; Koeppel, Sonja; Denisov, Nickolai; Sîrodoev, Ghennadi

    2013-01-01

    Vulnerability to climate change of the Moldavian part of the Dniester river was assessed as the function of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity of its basin's natural and socioeconomic systems. As a spatial "scale" of the assessment, Moldova's administrative-territorial units (ATUs) were selected. The exposure assessment was based on the climatic analysis of baseline (1971-2000) temperature and precipitation and projections of their changes in 2021-2050, separately for cold and warm periods. The sensitivity assessment included physiographical and socioeconomic characteristics, described by a set of specific indicators. The adaptive capacity was expressed by general economic and agricultural indicators, taking into consideration the medical provision and housing conditions. Through a ranking approach, the relative vulnerability of each ATU was calculated by summing its sensitivity and adaptive capacity ranks; the latter were obtained as combinations of their primary indicator ranks, arranged in an increasing and decreasing order, respectively. Due to lack of sound knowledge on these components' importance in overall assessment of vulnerability, their weights were taken as conventionally equal. Mapping of vulnerability revealed that ATUs neighboring to municipalities are the most vulnerable and need special attention in climate change adaptation. The basin's "hotspots" were discussed with public participation.

  9. Study of Meat Physical-Chemical Composition of Three Trout Breeds Farmed in Salmonid Exploitations from Moldova

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    Cătălin Emilian NISTOR

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available For all trout breeds, especially regarding brown trout, data from local and foreign literature consulted are less conclusive and sometimes controversial in terms of physical-chemical composition of trout meat, so our research represents a first for Romanian literature and aims to bring new information to enrich it.Our research aimed to evaluate the physical-chemical composition of the meat gathered from brook, rainbow and brown trout breed, by analyzing 50 individuals, 10 individuals in each batch (F1, F2, C1 C2 and I1, from two trout farms from Moldova, being determine the pH of meat, dry matter, content in proteins, lipids, ash and water/protein ratio for all three trout breeds. The obtained values for pH at warm ranged between 6.91 at batch F1, and 7.09 for batch I1. As regarding the pH at cold, this one had and descendant evolution ranging between: 6.78 for trout from batch F1 respectively a value of 6.88 for individuals from batch I1. The obtained values were between 23.95 and 27.12 for dry matter. Content in proteins recorded the best values (19.21% at individuals from batch F2, and content in lipids oscillated between 4.14% and 5.62%. The obtained values regarding physical-chemical composition highlighted that all trout breeds have a good nutritional value.

  10. LONG TERM EFFECTS OF AMELIORATIVE WORKS ON SOME SOIL QUALITY PARAMETERS FROM BAIA –MOLDOVA EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DRAINAGE FIELD

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    V. Moca

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The soil-climatic conditions from Baia Depression – the hydrographical basin from the extra-Carpathian area of the Moldova River - have frequently determined the presence, under different forms, intensities and periods, of temporary water excess from soil. The underground drainage, as a measure of water excess control, with stagnant character, caused mainly by rainfall amounts registered for 1-5 consecutive days, was firstly arranged in pilot-experimental fields during 1972-1978. We followed the behaviour in exploitation of underground drainage technical solutions, as concerns the functional efficiency of the means of water excess removal and of the improved soil favourableness and/or suitability for crop growing.In order to assess the long-term effects of ameliorating works, applied in 1978 in the drainage field of Baia, on an area of 3.50 ha, we have qualitatively classified and estimated the albic stagnic glossic Luvosoil (S.R.T.S. – 2003, improved and unimproved. Based on this study, we have estimated the present favourableness for crops of the improved soil, as compared to unimproved soil, used as natural grassland, after an exploitation cycle of 30 years (1978- 2008.

  11. EFICIENTIZAREA SISTEMULUI DE ACHIZIŢII PUBLICE DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA ÎN CONTEXTUL PREVEDERILOR LEGISLATIVE ALE UE

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    Elena RUSU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Autorul abordează întregul sistem de achiziţii publice ca un instrument necesar şi important de eficientizare a acestora în contextul prevederilor legislative ale UE. În baza analizei procesului de achiziţii publice în contextul prevederilor legislative ale UE autorul a constatat prezenţa unor nereguli şi disfuncţionalităţi la organizarea şi desfăşurarea procedu­rilor de achiziţii publice la nivel naţional. Ca urmare, sunt propuse unele direcţii eficiente care ar contribui la crearea unui sistem eficace de achiziţii publice pe baza principiilor de reglementare a acestora aplicate în UE.EFFICIENT PUBLIC PROCUREMENT SYSTEM IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU LEGISLATIONAuthor deals with the whole system of public procurement as a necessary and important tool to streamline them in the context of the EU legislation. Based on the analysis of the procurement process in the context of the EU legislation, the author found the presence of irregularities and failures in organization and conduct of procurement procedures at national level, the conclusion was proposed some ways effective contribute to creating an effective procurement system based on the principles of solving them applied in the EU.

  12. Greening Solutions Applicable in the Tailing Ponds Tăusani and Bosneag from Moldova Nouă

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burlacu, I. F.; Deak, G.; Raischi, M. C.; Daescu, A.; Zamfir, S.; Uritescu, B.; Cirstinoiu, C.; Olteanu, M. V.

    2017-06-01

    This study aims to propose solutions for greening of the tailings ponds resulted from mining activities with transboundary impacts. As case study, are proposed for greening the Boşneag and Tăuşani tailing ponds because they pollute Moldova Nouă, Danube and towns on the Serbian side of the Danube with particles in suspension. We analyzed four scenarios of modeling dispersion of particles in suspension (copper and other heavy metals) from the Tăuşani and Boşneag tailing ponds in the theoretical background where pollution has cross-border nature and require studying the transport of pollutants over a long distance from the source and modeling dispersion of particles in suspension in the atmosphere, these were performed using TAPM model, able to simulate the aspects mentioned. After running the software for modeling the dispersion of particles, was revealed that the pollution generated from the pollution sources taked into consideration is very high and significantly affects quality of life on considerable areas both in Romania and Serbia, thus amplifying the need to implement greening solutions of the analyzed area. Following the results obtained are presented three alternatives solutions for greening the area studied, aiming at minimizing the impact on the environmental and population.

  13. ASIGURAREA COMPETITIVITĂŢII PRODUSELOR AGRICOLE PE PIAŢA INTERNĂ DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: ASPECT METODOLOGIC

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    Angela DOLGOPOL

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available În economia modernă, caracterizată de o creştere continuă şi concurenţă, competitivitatea devine o condiţie necesară a existenţei întreprinderilor agricole. În acest articol sunt examinaţi factorii ce asigură creşterea competitivităţii companiilor agricole, accentul fiind pus pe activităţile recomandate în acest sens.Sunt înaintate recomandări privind măsurile de politică economică, susceptibile să sporească securitatea pieţei interne şi competitivitatea producătorilor locali atât în interiorul ţării, cât şi pe pieţele externe.THE COMPETENCE INSURANCE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS ON THE INTERNAL MARKET OF REPUBLIC MOLDOVA: THE METODOLOGICAL ASPECTIn a modern economy, characterized by a continued growth of competition, competitiveness becomes a necessary condition for the existence of agricultural enterprises. In this article, are being examined the factors and activities, required for growth of agricultural company’s competitiveness.The authors of the article offer some recommendations about the economical policy capable of securing the internal market and increasing competition between the local manufacturers both inside of the country and abroad.

  14. Putting theory into practice: the introduction of obstetric near-miss case reviews in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltag, Valentina; Filippi, Véronique; Bacci, Alberta

    2012-04-01

    The quality of obstetric services remains a major issue in the Republic of Moldova. Services are well staffed and intensively used but do not deliver the expected outputs. Providers have limited experience with clinical audits and perceive them as a way to punish individuals. Near-miss case reviews were introduced. Discussing near-miss cases might be less threatening to providers than discussing maternal deaths because the women survived. The quality of audits was evaluated against explicit criteria in three pilot maternities. On average one case was discussed every 5-6 weeks. Information from women's interviews was presented at all meetings, although the quality of the women's interviews was low. The weakest aspect of care was monitoring and follow-up treatment; the majority of proposed actions concerned the availability or compliance to protocols (52-69%). Proposed actions were consistent with prior analysis (95-100%), formulated in a clear and measurable way (58-90%), but the rate of failure to identify important actions was quite high in one facility (33%). Actions were more likely to be implemented when they concerned organization and management, drugs and supplies and least likely when they concerned staff. It is relatively easy to build capacity in organizing obstetric 'near-miss' audits, but more difficult to ensure that discussions are transposed into actions. In settings with no tradition of patients' involvement, increased attention should be given to providers' capacity to tackle patient-related factors.

  15. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Moldova and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: The importance of health system governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Gregory Thomas-Reilly

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB arises where treatment is interrupted or inadequate, when patients are treated inappropriately, or when an individual has impaired immune function, which can lead to a rapid progression from infection with an MDR-strain to disease. This study examines the role of health systems in amplifying or preventing the development of MDR-TB. Methods: We present two comparative studies, which were undertaken in The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (TFYR Macedonia and Moldova. Results: The findings reveal several health systems-level factors that contribute to the different rates of MDR-TB observed in these two countries, including: pre-existing burden of disease; organization of the health system, with the existence of parallel systems; power dynamics among policy makers and disease programmes; and the accountability & effectiveness of programme oversight. Conclusions: The findings do not offer a universal template for health system reform but do identify specific factors that may be contributing to the epidemic and are worthy of further attention in the two countries.

  16. ARHITECTURA TEXTULUI ŞI TERMINOLOGIEI JURIDICE ÎN CONTEXTUL REPUBLICII MOLDOVA ÎN PERIOADA 1950-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina BUŞILĂ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Limba română vorbită în Republica Moldova a cunoscut numeroase transformări de-a lungul timpu­lui, în special din cauza procesului de rusificare, care a dus la crearea hibrizilor la toate nivelurile: fonetic, morfologic, lexical etc. Termi­nologia juridică a fost şi ea intoxicată cu forme gramaticale şi sintactice greşite, calchieri, împrumuturi şi transliteraţii/ transcripţii agramate: „camera de chibzuire” (camera de deliberări, „judecătorie narodnică”, „judecată tovărăşească” (instanţă de arbitraj, „socotelile între părţi”, „prestaţiune corelativă”, „se datoreşte culpei”, „încunoş­tinţarea despre anularea procurii” sau „sunt persoane juridice […] care funcţionează pe bază de hozrasciot”, „publici­tatea dezbaterilor judiciare”, „soluţionarea chestiunilor” etc. Aceşti termeni au fost valabili şi utilizaţi în coduri, mai mult decât atât – trataţi ca normalitate. Deşi terminologia juridică, ca şi alte limbaje specializate, presupune în sine elocvenţă, exprimări impecabile şi precizie, amintirea trecutului încă mai predomină în textul juridic moldovenesc, prin exemple ca: speluncă (Organizarea ori întreţinerea speluncilor pentru consumul substanţelor narcotice sau psihotrope – art.219 CP RM sau samavolnicie (contravenţia de samavolnicie – art.335 C.contr. RM etc.În acest articol ne-am propus să descriem procesul de formare a termenilor juridici în perioada anilor 1950–2015 în condiţiile RSSM şi ale Republicii Moldova, să identificăm sursele din care aceşti termeni juridici au pătruns în vocabu­lar şi să descriem evoluţia acestora prin confruntarea dintre tradiţie şi inovaţie, normă lingvistică şi uz. Materialul lingvistic examinat a fost selectat din Codul de procedură civilă al RSSM din 1965 şi 1983, din Codul civil al RSSM din 1964 şi 1986 şi din codurile în vigoare în 2016.ARCHITECTURE OF LEGAL TEXT AND

  17. ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE INSTITUTE OF CHEMISTRY OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF MOLDOVA AT 50 YEARS ANNIVERSARY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tudor Lupascu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This communication deals with the appearance and development of the research in the field of chemistry in the Republic of Moldova; at the beginning - in chemistry sections of Moldovan Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences and then - at the Institute of Chemistry, founded in 1959. The dynamics of changes in the structure and research subjects is traced. Data are presented concerning the research results in the fi eld of the chemistry of coordination compounds, fine organic synthesis, natural products chemistry, physicochemical analysis, quantum chemistry, mineral resources, chemistry of natural water and purifi cation of waste water, the preparation and utilization of active carbons, and ecological chemistry. A detailed account both of basic research and applied investigation is given. The collaboration of our scientists with their colleagues from abroad is considered. Information is presented related to the scientific schools at our institute, its guidance and laboratory′s leaders. The scientific equipment of the institute is mentioned. The relationship of the institute with higher schools, as well as training of young researchers will be presented.

  18. Firm Characteristics and their Effects on Foreign Direct Investment Evidence from Romania, Republic of Moldova and Republic of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doina Prodan Palade

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the firm accounting and financial performance ratios are reflected in the level of the Foreign Direct Investment and which one plays the most important role in attracting the foreign investors. the paper investigates the prior research works on this topic, underlining the influence of different factors on the level of Foreign Direct Investment. The sample is made of 25 randomly extracted firms listed on Bucharest Stock Exchange, for the fiscal year 2014. We constructed and tested a multiple linear regression model, using the level of Foreign Direct Investment as the dependent variable and 22 financial ratios, as independent variables. the authors found a positive effect of the financial ratios such as the net turnover to networking capital, equity multiplier, and net profitability ratio on the level of Foreign Direct Investment. the results of the research show that to enhance Foreign Direct Investment, corporations must improve their accounting and financial performance. The originality of this study results from the fact that it takes into consideration three different economic environments: Romania, Turkey and Moldova, respectively a European Union member country, a candidate to the European Union and a non- European Union country.

  19. ANALYSIS OF THE CHANGES TO THE LABOUR MARKET AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF SIGNING THE ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT WITH THE EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OANA-CARMEN RĂVAŞ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Issues regarding future and employment represent some of the most important problems facing the economy. Work and all productive activities aimed at increasing the wealth of nations and thus create a better life for all people. In terms of labour market restructuring of the economy has accumulated a large number of social issues, including the emergence and growth of unemployment. Republic of Moldova is facing a real crisis of employment in the economic downturn installed recently. Involution occurred in the economy have restricted opportunities for employment working as a reduction lead this active population and chronic unemployment.

  20. Monetary and Fiscal Policy Interaction and the Relationship between the Central Bank and the Government. (The Case of Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina Chironachi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author is analyzing the impact of fiscal and monetary policies on the dynamics of the exchange rate, inflation and other macroeconomic variables. The author investigates the forms of strategic interaction between the Government and the Central Bank in designing and implementing these policies. As a result, the author concludes the necessity of institutions cooperation in the development and implementation of monetary and fiscal policy measures, but also concluded that the responsible institutions must remain independent in achieving an efficient monetary and fiscal policy of the Republic of Moldova.

  1. La europeización de la República de Moldova: un camino sinuoso e incierto hacia la integración europea

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    Aurelia Dercaci

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Después de la proclamación de la independencia en 1991, la República de Moldova (RM ha declarado su firme determinación de emprender su camino hacia Europa, a la que se siente identificada culturalmente. Aunque en las declaraciones y documentos adoptados el Estado nunca ha renunciado a este objetivo, ciertas acciones de sus líderes políticos parecen contradecir dicho compromiso. El trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el proceso de evolución de la República de Moldova a la Unión Europea (UE, los compromisos asumidos por ambos y su cumplimiento. Además, voy a comparar los progresos realizados por Ucrania y RM hacia el acercamiento a la Unión Europea en los últimos años. Hace algunos años, Ucrania fue el país oriental con la perspectiva fundamental de la futura integración en la UE debido a sus cambios democráticos, hoy República de Moldova ha demostrado ser capaz de hacer más progresos en la promoción de la democracia y la aplicación de las reformas de gobernanza que Ucrania. Por otro lado, la relación entre la RM y la UE sigue siendo influenciada por las medidas adoptadas por la Federación de Rusia en la región donde todavía tiene influencia significativa, y tratar de mantener su presencia. Una de las herramientas fuertes de la influencia es la dependencia del suministro de energía y su falta de diversificación. El conflicto sin resolver de Transnistria es otro factor determinante de la falta de certeza en el proceso de europeización de la RM. El trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la eficiencia de la europeización de la República de Moldova a través de la Política de Vecindad Europea, utilizando un método combinado constructivista y racionalista.

  2. PERCEPŢIILE NOII GENERAŢII ASUPRA IDENTITĂŢII ŞI IMAGINII REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria GRIGORAŞ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Scopul prezentului demers constă în identificarea tuturor elementelor tangibile şi intangibile ce influenţează imaginea de ţară a Republicii Moldova pe plan intern şi extinderea acestora asupra exportului, turismului, gradului de atragere a investiţiilor şi asupra calităţii vieţii, ceea ce impune  necesitatea unei repoziţionări a imaginii de ţară în cadrul conjuncturii internaţionale deja existente.Pentru realizarea scopului s-a ţinut cont de următoarele obiective: determinarea şi evaluarea componentelor specifice imaginii de ţară a Republicii Moldova şi necesitatea iminentă a rebrandingului pentru acest stat. Astfel, a fost folosită informaţia operativă privind executarea bugetelor unităţilor administrativ-teritoriale pe ultimii trei ani, şi anume: taxa de aplicare a simbolicii locale  şi o anchetă-pilot. Analizând rezultatele cercetării s-a constatat că noua generaţie are o percepţie, mai degrabă, negativă asupra trăsăturilor prezente ale ţării (corupţie, birocraţie, exod de capital uman peste graniţele ţării, toate ţinând de mediul politic, însă au fost determinate şi principii directoare pentru conceperea unui nou brand de ţară.THE NEW GENERATION’S PERCEPTIONS OF THE IDENTITY AND IMAGE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThe purpose of this work is to identify all tangible and intangible elements influencing the image of theRepublicofMoldovawithin the country and their extension on exports, tourism, and the degree of attracting investment and quality of life, as well as the need for repositioning the image of the country in the existing international environment. To achieve the goal, there were considered the following objectives: the determination and assessment of the components specific for the country’s image of theRepublicofMoldovaand the necessity of rebranding for this country. That’s why we used the operational information concerning the budgets execution of the administrative

  3. New York vaatab alati tulevikku / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 11. sept. lk. 2. New York pärast 2001. aasta 11. sept. terrorirünnakut. Lisa: 11. septembri tagajärjed arvudes; Saatuslikud lennukid: 11. septembri hommik 2001

  4. Tagasi tulevikku - keskaja naasmine / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Oxfordi St Antony kolledzhi lektori Jan Zielonka raamatu "Europe as Empire: the Nature of the Enlarged European Union" tutvustus, milles Euroopa Liitu käsitletakse uuskeskaegse impeeriumina. Kahe rahvusvahelise süsteemitüübi võrdlustabel

  5. Haridus on parim investeering tulevikku / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Eest = Za Estoniju : Izdanije partii "Sojuz Otetshestva i Res Publica" 17. juuli 2008, lk. 1. Haridusministri arvates ei tohi haridus- ja teaduskulud langeda, kuid Euroopa struktuurivahendite kasutamine tõstab kulutusi, mis tähendab kokkuhoidu haridussüsteemis

  6. Kaunilt kujundatud aken tulevikku / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    IDEA (International Design Excellence Awards) 2009. aasta disainivõistlusest. Võidutsesid tooted, mis on mõeldud elujärje parandamiseks vaesemates piirkondades ja taaskasutus. Edukamad osalejad firmad olid Samsung (8 auhinda) ja Apple (7 auhinda)

  7. Norma Maja astub kindlalt tulevikku / Ain Alvela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2000-01-01

    AS Norma Maja saavutas kõrged kasumi ja kasumi kasvu näitajad töötajate koondamisega. Tabel: Norma Maja valdused, AS Norma Maja areng, AS ETK Majad areng. Arvamused: Ero Toom, Ivar Lahi ja Rein Loo

  8. Kas sina julgeksid ennustada tulevikku? / Karolin Kuusik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusik, Karolin

    2007-01-01

    Filmid ja nende kostüümikunstnikud, kes on mõjutanud rõivamoodi : "Barbarella" (1968), kostüümikunstnikud Jacques Fonteray ja Paco Rabanne; "Blade Runner" (1982), kunstnikud Charles Knode ja Michael Kaplan; "Matrix" ja selle järjed (1999, 2003), kostüümidisainer Kym Barrett; "Star Wars" ja selle järjed (1977, 1980, 1983, 1999, 2002, 2005), kunstnik John Mollo, hiljem Trisha Biggar; "Aeon Flux" (2005), kostüümikunstnik Beatrix Aruna Pasztor

  9. Norma Maja astub kindlalt tulevikku / Ain Alvela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2000-01-01

    AS Norma Maja saavutas kõrged kasumi ja kasumi kasvu näitajad töötajate koondamisega. Tabel: Norma Maja valdused, AS Norma Maja areng, AS ETK Majad areng. Arvamused: Ero Toom, Ivar Lahi ja Rein Loo

  10. HP investeerib tulevikku / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2010-01-01

    Maailma suurima tehnoloogiafirma Hewlett-Packard (HP) tootearenduskulud kasvasid IV kvartalis 16%, 814 mln dollarini. Autor märgib, et HP aktsia on praegu väga hea saak, kuid mingit imehüpet aktsia hinnas ei tuleks kindlasti oodata

  11. New York vaatab alati tulevikku / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 11. sept. lk. 2. New York pärast 2001. aasta 11. sept. terrorirünnakut. Lisa: 11. septembri tagajärjed arvudes; Saatuslikud lennukid: 11. septembri hommik 2001

  12. HP investeerib tulevikku / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2010-01-01

    Maailma suurima tehnoloogiafirma Hewlett-Packard (HP) tootearenduskulud kasvasid IV kvartalis 16%, 814 mln dollarini. Autor märgib, et HP aktsia on praegu väga hea saak, kuid mingit imehüpet aktsia hinnas ei tuleks kindlasti oodata

  13. Tagasi tulevikku - keskaja naasmine / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Oxfordi St Antony kolledzhi lektori Jan Zielonka raamatu "Europe as Empire: the Nature of the Enlarged European Union" tutvustus, milles Euroopa Liitu käsitletakse uuskeskaegse impeeriumina. Kahe rahvusvahelise süsteemitüübi võrdlustabel

  14. Haridus on parim investeering tulevikku / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Eest = Za Estoniju : Izdanije partii "Sojuz Otetshestva i Res Publica" 17. juuli 2008, lk. 1. Haridusministri arvates ei tohi haridus- ja teaduskulud langeda, kuid Euroopa struktuurivahendite kasutamine tõstab kulutusi, mis tähendab kokkuhoidu haridussüsteemis

  15. Kas sina julgeksid ennustada tulevikku? / Karolin Kuusik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusik, Karolin

    2007-01-01

    Filmid ja nende kostüümikunstnikud, kes on mõjutanud rõivamoodi : "Barbarella" (1968), kostüümikunstnikud Jacques Fonteray ja Paco Rabanne; "Blade Runner" (1982), kunstnikud Charles Knode ja Michael Kaplan; "Matrix" ja selle järjed (1999, 2003), kostüümidisainer Kym Barrett; "Star Wars" ja selle järjed (1977, 1980, 1983, 1999, 2002, 2005), kunstnik John Mollo, hiljem Trisha Biggar; "Aeon Flux" (2005), kostüümikunstnik Beatrix Aruna Pasztor

  16. CONŢINUTUL METALELOR GRELE ÎN COMPONENTELE MEDIULUI DIN ZONA DE CENTRU A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olesea GLIGA

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Scopul acestei lucrări rezidă în determinarea conţinutului unor metale grele (Pb, Cd şi Cu în componentele mediu­lui (sol, apă şi floră din zona de centru a Republicii Moldova. Au fost selectate 4 situri de studiu, cu diferit impact antropic, din care au fost prelevate probe de sol, apă şi floră. Conţinutul de metale grele în componentele de mediu au fost deter­minate prin Spectrometria de Absorbţie Atomică cu atomizare termică. Rezultatele cercetărilor au demonstrat prezenţa metalelor cercetate în toate probele de sol şi floră analizate şi lipsa acestora în probele de apă, cu excepţia Cu. Concen­tra­ţiile de Pb, Cd şi Cu în solurile din siturile antropizate (industrial şi transport auto au fost mai mari în comparaţie cu cele din situl forestier (td = 2,05 - 4,36; P < 0,05 - 0,001. Analogic celor din sol, şi concentraţiile acestora în flora meliferă pre­levată din siturile antropizate au înregistrat valori mai mari în comparaţie cu cel forestier (td = 1,19 - 4,0; P > 0,1 - <0,001. De asemenea, şi concentraţia de Cu în mostrele de apă prelevate din siturile industrial şi transport auto a fost mai mare în comparaţie cu cele din situl forestier (td = 2,0 - 5,17; P < 0,1- 0,001. Putem constata că concentraţia metalelor grele cercetate în componentele mediului este în funcţie de prezenţa surselor de poluare din aceste situri. Totodată, în toate siturile cercetate nu au fost constatate depăşiri ale nivelurilor maximal admisibile, conform normelor în vigoare. THE CONTENT OF HEAVY METALS IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS IN THE CENTRAL AREA OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA The aim of this paper was to determine the content of heavy metals (Pb, Cd and Cu in the environmental components (soil, water and flora in the central area of the Republicof Moldova. Have been selected 4 study sites with different human impact, from which have been collected samples of soil, water and flora. The heavy metal

  17. FAUNA POLIPARAZITARĂ A MAMIFERELOR SĂLBATICE DIN REZERVAŢIA NATURALĂ „CODRII” DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ştefan RUSU

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Studiul parazitofaunei la mamiferele sălbatice din Rezervaţia Naturală „Codrii”, Republica Moldova, a pus în evi­denţă un nivel înalt de infestare a lor cu fasciole, dicrocelii, strongiloizi, protişti. Cerbul-nobil (Cervus elaphus Linaeus, 1758 era infestat cu Dicrocoelium lanceolatum (12,8%, Fasciola hepatica (9,5%, larve de strongiloizi (88,0% şi oochişti de Eimeria spp. (28,2%; cerbul-cu-pete (Cervus nippon Temminsk, 1838 – cu D. lanceolatum (14,9%, F. hepatica (10,2%, larve de strongiloizi (79,8%, oochişti de Eimeria spp. (22,4%; căpriorul (Capreolus capreolus Linaeus, 1758 – cu D. lanceolatum (20,1%, F. hepatica (3,2%, larve de strongiloizi (89,4% şi oochişti de Eimeria spp. (38,1%. La mistreţ s-a constatat un nivel de infestare cu Dicrocoelium lanceolatum în 3,6% cazuri, larve de Stron­gy­loides ransomi – în 72,3% cazuri, Metastrongylus elongatus – în 87,5% cazuri şi cu Eimeria spp. – în 46,3% cazuri. La Iepurele-de-câmp s-a constatat un nivel de infestare cu D. lanceolatum în 28,2% cazuri şi cu Strongyloides papillosus – în 59,4% cazuri. Nivelul înalt de infestare a mamiferelor sălbatice cu diverşi agenţi parazitari demonstrează încă o dată că ele participă la menţinerea lanţului epizootic al acestor maladii şi au un rol important la infestarea omului şi a anima­lelor domestice. Prin urmare, este strict necesar ca maladiile parazitare la animalele sălbatice să fie anual monitorizate, stabilind în acest mod evoluţia lor, apariţia unor noi agenţi parazitari şi elaborarea măsurilor de combatere a acestora. POLIPARASITIC FAUNA OF WILD MAMMALS INHABITING NATURAL RESERVATION “COdrii” in THE Republic OF MOldovaThe study on parasitic fauna in wild mammals from natural reservation “Codrii” in Republic of Moldova has revealed the high level of their infestation with fascicles, dicrocelium, strongiles and protista. The red deer (Cervus elaphus Linaeus, 1758 have been infested

  18. Determinants of HIV infection among female sex workers in two cities in the Republic of Moldova: the role of injection drug use and sexual risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zohrabyan, Lev; Johnston, Lisa Grazina; Scutelniciuc, Otilia; Iovita, Alexandrina; Todirascu, Lilia; Costin, Tatiana; Plesca, Valeriu; Cotelnic-Harea, Tatiana; Ionascu, Gabriela

    2013-10-01

    In 2009-2010, females who reported having vaginal, anal or oral sex in exchange for money in the previous year, ≥16 years, and living in either Chisinau (n = 299) or Balti (n = 359), Moldova, were recruited into a respondent driven sampling survey. One fifth reported ever injecting drugs and over 30 % ever had sexual intercourse with men who inject drugs. In both cities, condom use with permanent and casual partners was much lower than condom use with commercial partners. In Chisinau, 6.9 % and in Balti, 24.7 % tested positive for HIV; 18 and 23.7 % had antibodies to hepatitis C; 9.1 and 8.9 % had antibodies to HBV; and, 8.4 and 6.1 % tested positive for syphilis. HIV seropositive FSW in either city were more likely to have ever injected drugs and to be infected with HCV. Limited government initiative and drastic reductions in international funding will likely impact urgently needed HIV prevention and harm reduction services targeting FSW in Moldova.

  19. Prevalence of Hypertension and Diabetes and Coexistence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Cardiovascular Risk in the Population of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Codreanu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2005, the International Society of Nephrology (ISN established the Global Outreach Program (GO aimed at building a capacity for detecting and managing chronic kidney disease and its complications in low- and middle-income countries. Here we report data from the 2006-2007 screening program (1025 subjects from the general population in the Republic of Moldova aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and their coexistence with microalbuminuria. The likelihood of a serious cardiovascular (CV event was also estimated. Hypertension and diabetes were very common among screened subjects. The prevalence of microalbuminuria was 16.9% and that of estimated GFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 (decreased renal function was 9.4%. Male gender was associated with an increased prevalence of hypertension and microalbuminuria. Hypertension and diabetes clustered in subjects with microalbuminuria and renal dysfunction. Risk factors such as preobesity/obesity, physical inactivity and smoking were relatively common, even in younger participants. The prevalence of subjects with predicted 10-year CV risk ≥10% was 10.0%. In conclusion, in the Republic of Moldova patients with hypertension and diabetes should be screened for the coexistence of renal abnormalities, with the intention of developing disease-specific health-care interventions with the primary goal to reduce CV morbidity and mortality and prevent renal disease progression to end stage renal disease.

  20. THE ACCOUNTING OF THE PLEDGED ASSETS PASSED TO THE LICENSED BANKS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA FOR THE REPAYMENT OF THE GRANTED LOAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana ŞEVCIUC

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In banking practice the pledge plays an important role, it is often used to denote the pledge agreement, as well asthe real right that is the result of the pledge agreement conclusion and the good that is the object of the pledge. Thepledge is the only real security interest in the range of bank guarantees. Actually, each obligation can beguaranteed by the pledging. Assets diversification and trade needs have led to the development of a new pledgeform. Anyway, regardless of the number and content of the economic material, the licensed banks from the Republicof Moldova attach importance to the correctness of pledge accounting taking into account the deadline. Thus, thisresearch aims to present the accounting of the pledged assets passed to the licensed banks from the Republic ofMoldova for the repayment of the granted loan, taking into account the enforcement of the obligation secured by thepledge deadline, the right to possession of the pledged asset and not the least of its value. In the research there wasmainly used the method of monographic study applying elements of observation, selection, induction and deduction.

  1. Features Of Civil Process And Civil Regulation In The Sphere Of The State And Confessional Relations In Armenia, Belarus And Moldova

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    Nina V. Volodina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Features of civil process and civil regulation in the former Soviet Union, in the CIS countries are considered (in Armenia, Belarus, Moldova. Features of the state and confessional relations in each certain state are marked out. It is noted that in the Republic of Armenia the church is separated from the state and freedom of activity to the religious organizations, but at the same time in the Fundamental law of the Armenian church as national, the leading mission for preservation of identity of the Armenian people is taken away is guaranteed. In Belarus the relations of the state and religious associations is under construction on the principles of equality of religions and the rights of citizens independently to define the relation to religions that in general meets the universally recognized international standards, it is rigidly controlled not only activity of religious associations, but also activity of the officials answering for these questions. Republic of Moldova – the secular state, but most of the population adheres to orthodox religion that was reflected in the Law "About Cults" in which the relations of the state with orthodox church are allocated in a special way.

  2. CORAPORTUL DINTRE SĂRĂCIA BĂTRÂNILOR ŞI MINIMUL DE EXISTENŢĂ ÎN CONTEXTUL TRANSFORMĂRILOR DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

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    Liliana SALCUŢAN

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available În acest articol sunt prezentate rezultatele parţiale ale unui studiu ce-şi propune să stabilească coraportul dintre modul de viaţă şi minimul de existenţă al persoanelor vârstnice din R. Moldova. Ne-am propus să identificăm problemele care îi împiedică pe cetăţenii vârstnici să-şi permită un mod decent de viaţă, fiindu-le asigurat un minim de hrană, îmbrăcă­minte şi adăpost la nivel de subzistenţă.THE CORRELATION BETWEEN OLD AND SUBSISTENCE MINIMUM POVERTY IN THE PROCESSING OF MOLDOVAThis article presents partial results of a study which aims to establish the correlation between life style and subsistence minimum for the elderly in Moldova. In this article we intend to identify problems that prevent senior citizens afford achieve a decent way of life, providing a minimum of food, clothing and shelter to the subsistence level.

  3. ASPECTE ALE INCRIMINĂRII CIRCULAŢIEI ILEGALE A DROGURILOR ÎN LEGISLAŢIA PENALĂ A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

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    Strulea Maria

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Potrivit exigenţelor legii penale, legiuitorul trebuie să definească infracţiunile în termeni suficient de clari şi precişi în vederea excluderii arbitrariului. Principiul legalităţii în materie penală se referă primordial la calitatea legii penale, inclusiv la securitatea destinatarului normei. Delimitarea cantităţii substanţelor limitate în circuitul civil general poate avea consecinţe pentru persoana pasibilă de răspundere penală. Respectivul articol vine să analizeze unele aspecte problematice ale legii penale a Republicii Moldova privind incriminarea circulaţiei ilegale a drogurilor.ASPECTS OF INCRIMINATION OF ILLEGAL CIRCULATION OF NARCOTIC DRUGS IN THE CRIMINAL LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAAccording to the requirements of criminal law, in order to exclude arbitrariness, the legislature must define offenses in sufficiently clear and precise terms. The principle of legality in criminal matters relates primarily to the quality of the criminal law, including the security of the provision’s recipient. The delimitation of the amount of substances restricted in the general civil circuit may have consequences for the person liable to criminal responsibility. The concerned article is set to analyze some problematic aspects of the criminal law of the Republic of Moldova on the criminalization of the illegal circulation of narcotic drugs.

  4. PREFACE: Recent Developments in Gravity (NEB XIII)

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    Stergioulas, N.; Tsagas, C.

    2009-09-01

    Gravitational physics has been at the forefront of research in both Astrophysics and Cosmology. Since 1984, relativists in Greece have organized (every two years) a conference that follows progress in this field. The 13th Conference on Recent Developments in Gravity was organized by the relativity group at the Department of Physics of the University of Thessaloniki, in June 2008. This volume contains the written versions as well as extensions of most of the talks delivered at that meeting. The conference was attended by more than a hundred participants, half of which came from outside Greece, while it brought together nearly all Greek researchers in the areas of relativity, gravity and cosmology. The large number of participants from abroad underlines the increasingly international character of these meetings. In Thessaloniki, the plenary talks and parallel sessions covered topics on gravitational waves, relativistic astrophysics, alternative theories of gravity, mathematical relativity, cosmology and quantum gravity. The plenary speakers were A Ashtekar (Penn-State), G Ellis (Cape Town), V Frolov (Alberta), J Hough (Glasgow), P Laguna (Penn-State), R Loll (Utrecht) and D Psaltis (Arizona). In addition, invited keynote talks were presented by N Batakis (Ioannina), T Christodoulakis (Athens), S Cotsakis (Aegean), P Kanti (Ioannina), L Perivolaropoulos (Ioannina), M Plionis (NOA-Athens), J Pullin (Louisiana), G Siopsis (Tennesee) and M Tsamparlis (Athens). The Organizing Committee of the conference comprised N Stergioulas (chair), K D Kokkotas, D Papadopoulos, C Tsagas, H Dimmelmeier, K Kleidis, K Zagouris and K Dionysopoulou while the Scientific Committee included N Spyrou (chair - Thessaloniki), P Florides (Dublin) and G Schaefer (Jena). The conference was sponsored by the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh), the Department of Physics, the Section of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, the Research Committee of AUTh, the Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace, the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, the John S Latsis Public Benefit Foundation (http://www.latsis-foundation.org), the ILIAS Network, the Municipality of Thessaloniki, the Prefecture of Thessaloniki and the British Council Greece, to all of which the organizers would like to express their gratitude for the financial and moral support. The next (14th) conference in this series will take place in the city of Ioannina, organized by the relativity group of the University of Ioannina, in the summer of 2010. Thessaloniki, 29 August 2009 N Stergioulas and C Tsagas

  5. Women in post-trafficking services in moldova: diagnostic interviews over two time periods to assess returning women's mental health

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Trafficking in women is a widespread human rights violation commonly associated with poor mental health. Yet, to date, no studies have used psychiatric diagnostic assessment to identify common forms of mental distress among survivors returning to their home country. Methods A longitudinal study was conducted of women aged 18 and over who returned to Moldova between December 2007 and December 2008 registered by the International Organisation for Migration as a survivor of human trafficking. Psychiatric diagnoses in women at a mean of 6 months after return (range 2-12 months) were made by a trained Moldavian psychiatrist using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, and compared with diagnoses recorded in the same women within 5 days of return. We described the socio-demographic characteristics of the women in the sample including both pre and post-trafficking information. We then described the distribution of mental health diagnoses recorded during the crisis intervention phase (1-5 days after return) and the re-integration phase (2-12 months after return). We compared diagnoses at the patient level between the two time points by tabulating the diagnoses and carrying out a kappa test of agreement and the Stuart-Maxwell test for marginal homogeneity (an extension of the McNemar test to kxk table). Results 120/176 (68%) eligible women participated. At 2-12 months after their return, 54% met criteria for at least one psychiatric diagnoses comprising post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) alone (16%); co-morbid PTSD (20%); other anxiety or mood disorder (18%). 85% of women who had been diagnosed in the crisis phase with co-morbid PTSD or with another anxiety or mood disorder sustained a diagnosis of any psychiatric disorder when followed up during rehabilitation. Conclusions Trafficked women returning to their country of origin are likely to suffer serious psychological distress that may endure well beyond the time they return. Women found to have co

  6. Women in post-trafficking services in moldova: diagnostic interviews over two time periods to assess returning women's mental health

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    Gorceag Lilia T

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Trafficking in women is a widespread human rights violation commonly associated with poor mental health. Yet, to date, no studies have used psychiatric diagnostic assessment to identify common forms of mental distress among survivors returning to their home country. Methods A longitudinal study was conducted of women aged 18 and over who returned to Moldova between December 2007 and December 2008 registered by the International Organisation for Migration as a survivor of human trafficking. Psychiatric diagnoses in women at a mean of 6 months after return (range 2-12 months were made by a trained Moldavian psychiatrist using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, and compared with diagnoses recorded in the same women within 5 days of return. We described the socio-demographic characteristics of the women in the sample including both pre and post-trafficking information. We then described the distribution of mental health diagnoses recorded during the crisis intervention phase (1-5 days after return and the re-integration phase (2-12 months after return. We compared diagnoses at the patient level between the two time points by tabulating the diagnoses and carrying out a kappa test of agreement and the Stuart-Maxwell test for marginal homogeneity (an extension of the McNemar test to kxk table. Results 120/176 (68% eligible women participated. At 2-12 months after their return, 54% met criteria for at least one psychiatric diagnoses comprising post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD alone (16%; co-morbid PTSD (20%; other anxiety or mood disorder (18%. 85% of women who had been diagnosed in the crisis phase with co-morbid PTSD or with another anxiety or mood disorder sustained a diagnosis of any psychiatric disorder when followed up during rehabilitation. Conclusions Trafficked women returning to their country of origin are likely to suffer serious psychological distress that may endure well beyond the time they return. Women

  7. Women in post-trafficking services in Moldova: diagnostic interviews over two time periods to assess returning women's mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrovschi, Nicolae V; Prince, Martin J; Zimmerman, Cathy; Hotineanu, Mihai A; Gorceag, Lilia T; Gorceag, Viorel I; Flach, Clare; Abas, Melanie A

    2011-04-14

    Trafficking in women is a widespread human rights violation commonly associated with poor mental health. Yet, to date, no studies have used psychiatric diagnostic assessment to identify common forms of mental distress among survivors returning to their home country. A longitudinal study was conducted of women aged 18 and over who returned to Moldova between December 2007 and December 2008 registered by the International Organisation for Migration as a survivor of human trafficking. Psychiatric diagnoses in women at a mean of 6 months after return (range 2-12 months) were made by a trained Moldavian psychiatrist using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, and compared with diagnoses recorded in the same women within 5 days of return. We described the socio-demographic characteristics of the women in the sample including both pre and post-trafficking information. We then described the distribution of mental health diagnoses recorded during the crisis intervention phase (1-5 days after return) and the re-integration phase (2-12 months after return). We compared diagnoses at the patient level between the two time points by tabulating the diagnoses and carrying out a kappa test of agreement and the Stuart-Maxwell test for marginal homogeneity (an extension of the McNemar test to kxk table). 120/176 (68%) eligible women participated. At 2-12 months after their return, 54% met criteria for at least one psychiatric diagnoses comprising post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) alone (16%); co-morbid PTSD (20%); other anxiety or mood disorder (18%). 85% of women who had been diagnosed in the crisis phase with co-morbid PTSD or with another anxiety or mood disorder sustained a diagnosis of any psychiatric disorder when followed up during rehabilitation. Trafficked women returning to their country of origin are likely to suffer serious psychological distress that may endure well beyond the time they return. Women found to have co-morbid PTSD or other forms of anxiety and

  8. Moldova - Value Chain Training

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The evaluation of the GHS value chain training subactivity wwas designed to measure the extent, if any, to which the training activities improved the productivity...

  9. PERCEPŢII PRIVIND ANGAJAMENTUL DE ROL ŞI CONFLICTUL MUNCĂ-FAMILIE LA ANGAJAŢII DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: STUDIU EXPLORATIV

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    Carolina PLATON

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Unul dintre conflictele motivaţionale întâlnite frecvent în mediul organizaţional este „conflictul familie-muncă”. Conflictul, în acest caz, derivă din nevoia de a integra în mod optim solicitările legate de rolul familial cu cele ale rolului profesional. Studiile relevă că acest tip de conflict este o sursă considerabilă de distres atât pentru angajaţi, cât şi pentru organizaţie, afectează starea subiectivă de bine a angajaţilor şi se soldează cu stări emoţionale preponderent negative. Astfel, organizaţiile vor fi cu atât mai atractive pentru angajaţi, cu cât le oferă posibilităţi să integreze solicitările legate de locul de muncă şi cele din familie. Cum este perceput angajamentul de rol şi „conflictul familie-muncă” la angajaţii din Republica Moldova, precum şi felul în care interferează solicitările de roluri sunt aspecte pe care le vom discuta în acest context.PERCEPTIONS REGARDING ROLE COMMITMENT AND WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT OF THE EMPLOYEES FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: EXPLORATIVE STUDYOne of the motivational conflicts often encountered in the organizational environment is "family-work conflict." The conflict, in this case, derives from the need to integrate optimally family and work-related responsibilities. Studies show that this type of conflict is a source of considerable distress for both employees and the organization; it affects the subjective well-being of employees and results in predominantly negative emotions. Thus, organizations will be more attractive for workers if they can provide opportunities to integrate tasks related to work and family. We will discuss hereby how role commitments and "family-work conflicts" are perceived by employees in RM and the way these multiple roles interfere. 

  10. The Late Mediaeval Necropolis of Lăpuşna (Hânceşti County, Republic of Moldova. Preliminary Anthropological Results

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    Angela Simalcsik

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The osteological material was exhumed in 2013 by archaeologists from the Archaeology Department of the Cultural Heritage Institute of the Academy of Science of Moldova, in the mediaeval necropolis of Lăpuşna (Hânceşti County, Republic of Moldova. Thirty graves were fully or partially researched, the deceased having been buried lying on their backs, with the upper limbs placed on the chest or abdomen. Based on the funerary inventory (which includes six mediaeval coins, the graves were chronologically placed between the XVth and the XVIIth centuries. The cemetery belonged to a local Christian rural community. The preservation status of skeletons is satisfactory. Twenty-two human skeletons (seven males, ten females, and five children have been analyzed so far. Sex ratio in the osteological sample from Lăpuşna is subunitary, indicating a higher number of female skeletons, comparatively with the male ones. A quarter of the analysed subjects did not survive after adolescence. The maximum risk of mortality in this sample occurs during early childhood (0–7 years. 32% of deceases appear in the adultus category of age (20–30 years and 45%, respectively, in the matures one (30–60 years. Life expectancy at birth is of 30.7 years. For individuals older than 20 years, life expectancy after this age, calculated separately on sexes, was of 16 years in men and of 19 years in women. At cranial level eight nonmetric traits and only two pathologies were identified. Regarding dentition, seven nonmetric traits and six pathologies were reported. At postcranial level, 14 nonmetric traits were distinguished, most of them classified as occupational markers. The most frequent postcranial pathology is osteoarthritis; this disease is present in nine individuals. The subjects affected with osteoarthritis are mature persons. Traces of osteoarthritis appears especially in the spine, hip joint, lower limb (mainly femurs, upper limb (especially radiuses, and clavicle

  11. Strategii de PR în retorica electorala din Parlamentarele -2014, Republica Moldova vs „revoluția crizantemelor”, octombrie 2015 (PR strategies in the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections in 2014, Republic of Moldova vs „the chrysanthemums revolution”, october 2015

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    Aurelia PERU-BALAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author approaches the trends of the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections that were held on 30th of November. The article determines which are the most used campaign issues with a mobilizing effect on the voters; among these – the external path of the Republic of Moldova. During the last five years, the right and center-right wing parties have chosen the EU integration, the left-wing parties – the Eurasian Union. The contribution also analyzes the most relevant special events organized by the political parties’ staffs in order to create an image well covered by the media and favorable for the political actors.

  12. HIV, hepatitis and syphilis prevalence and correlates of condom use during anal sex among men who have sex with men in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zohrabyan, L; Johnston, L; Scutelniciuc, O; Iovita, A; Todirascu, L; Costin, T; Plesca, V; Cotelnic-Harea, T; Ionascu, G

    2013-05-01

    Limited data on HIV prevalence and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) exist in the Republic of Moldova. In Chisinau and Balti, 188 and 209, respectively, men who reported having anal or oral sex in the last six months with another man, aged ≥16 years were recruited into a study in 2010 using respondent-driven sampling methods. MSM reported having multiple male and female partners and inconsistent condom use. In Chisinau, 2% of MSM were HIV seropositive, 3.7% had antibodies to hepatitis C (HCV), 5.7% had antibodies to hepatitis B (HBV) and 12.1% had syphilis. In Balti, less than 1% of MSM were HIV seropositive, 1.2% had antibodies to HCV, 3.2% had antibodies to HBV and only 0.5% had syphilis. MSM who used a condom at last anal sex with a man were less likely to reside in Chisinau, to have casual sex partners and to have had an HIV test in the last year and were more likely to know where to get an HIV test. Although HIV prevalence was low, MSM practice a number of risky sexual behaviours that may heighten the risk of further HIV transmission in this population and to the wider population.

  13. From the Field: Windows of Opportunity – The Transformation of State Media to Public Service Media in Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Moldova and Serbia

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    Jan Lublinski

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The transformation of state media to public service media (PSM is one of the most ambitious endeavors in the field of media development. Not many efforts to free the national media from government control have succeeded in the past decades. In this paper the comparatively promising cases of Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Moldova and Serbia are discussed. The PSM in these countries all have a new legal basis, including a public service remit and a relatively independent governing body in which civil society is represented. The services delivered to the public by these media are analyzed according to a number of societal functions which are assembled under two general headings: “creating a public sphere” and “supporting integration”. Based on this analysis, a differentiation between “PSM in initial transformation” and “PSM in advanced transformation” is suggested. In all cases studied, different actors successfully used windows of opportunity: general political agendas to reform the media, a specific engagement from the management as well as support from the population and civil society. Media development actors here helped to advance the processes of change in different ways. Recommendations for future media development include strategic planning, inclusion of local actors, the pooling of legal expertise as well as structured processes of organizational development and capacity building.

  14. THE EVALUATION OF BEHAVIOR IN EXPLOITATION OF AGROPEDOAMELIORATIVE AND DRAINAGE WORKS CONCERNING TO THE SOIL RECOURSES UTILIZATION FROM DEPRESSION BAIA- MOLDOVA

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    V. Moca

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Pentru protejarea solurilor cu potenţial de fertilitate relativ ridicat se impune dezvoltarea unor sisteme agricole durabile, sub aspectul performanţei actuale şi viitoare. În acest context s-a evaluat comportarea în exploatare a lucrărilor de desecare şi drenaj subteran din Depresiunea Baia – bazinul hidrografic al râului Moldova. Lucrările hidroameliorative din perimetrul analizat au fost evaluate după un ciclu de exploatare de peste 30 de ani, fiind evidenţiate o serie de degradări fizice care au dus la scoaterea parţială din funcţiune. Redimensionarea şi completarea reţelei de desecare trebuie să asigure creşterea randamentului funcţional şi cerinţele tehnice ale organizării şi sistematizării exploataţiei agricole. Conservarea şi valorificarea învelişului de soluri solicită aplicarea de amendamente calcaroase pe 2500 ha, afânare adâncă pe 1400 ha şi fertilizare radicală

  15. EVALUAREA PROPRIETĂŢILOR DE SUPRAFAŢĂ ALE BENTONITULUI LĂRGUŢA (REPUBLICA MOLDOVA INTERCALAT CU OLIGOMERI DE ALUMINIU

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    Vasile RUSU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tratarea în prealabil a bentonitului Lărguţa cu soluţie diluată de acid (pH 2, în continuare fiind intercalat cu specii oligomerice de aluminiu, duce la modificarea proprietăţilor de suprafaţă ale adsorbanţilor intercalaţi – a acidităţii lor, a caracteristicilor sorbţional-structurale şi a stabilităţii termice. Cinetica conversiei acidului oleic la esterificarea cu alcool etilic este influenţată de caracterul acid al catalizatorilor utilizaţi. Modelările efectuate relevă că adsorbanţii intercalaţi, obţinuţi pe baza bentonitului Lărguţa, au perspective reale de a fi utilizaţi pentru obţinerea biocombustibilului din uleiuri vegetale.SURFACE PROPERTIES OF PILLARED BENTONITE LARGUTA (R. MOLDOVA PILLARED WITH ALUMINUM OLIGOMERIC SPECIESLarguta bentonite prior treatment with dilute acid (pH 2 further being pillared with aluminum oligomeric species, result in modification of the surface properties of the adsorbents - acidity, sorption-structural characteristics and thermal stability. The kinetics of the conversion of oleic acid to esterification with ethylic alcohol is influenced by the nature of the acid catalysts used. Pillared adsorbents obtained on the basis of bentonite Larguta (RM possess real prospects for obtaining bio-fuel from vegetable oils.

  16. CAREER GUIDANCE, A PREMISE OF SUCCES Study regarding the effects of the career guidance and counseling activities for high-school student from Moldova region, Romania

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    Alexandru-Stelian Gulei

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Between 2011-2013 over 850 teachers, 30.000 students and 19.000 parents benefitted from the activities of the project “Career Guidance” (ACTIV, a regional initiative which set out to develop, in the region of Moldova (Romania, particularly in schools from rural areas, the capacity of teachers and school counsellors for organizing career guidance and counselling activities. Part of one of Alternative Sociale Association’s main fields of action, the project granted a special attention to students from underprivileged categories (students from families with a low economic status, from families affected by migration – children left behind, remigrant children, children with low school performance etc.. The backbone of the project is represented by training programs accredited by the Ministry of Education and by a manual for students and a guide for teachers distributed for free. The Study presented in this article concludes on the effects of these activities, detailing the perspective of the main parties involved: teachers, students and parents.

  17. Progress in increasing affordability of medicines for non-communicable diseases since the introduction of mandatory health insurance in the Republic of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrario, Alessandra; Chitan, Elena; Seicas, Rita; Sautenkova, Nina; Bezverhni, Zinaida; Kluge, Hans; Habicht, Jarno

    2016-07-01

    To assess progress in improving affordability of medicines since the introduction of mandatory health insurance in the Republic of Moldova. Using data from national health insurance, we estimate affordability of partially reimbursed medicines for the treatment of non-communicable diseases, and analyse which factors contributed to changes in affordability. Affordability of subsidized medicines improved over time. In 2013, it took a median of 0.84 days of income for the lowest income quintile (ranging from 0 to 3.32 days) to purchase 1 month of treatment for cardiovascular conditions in comparison to 1.85 days in 2006. This improvement however was mainly driven by higher incomes rather than deeper coverage through the reimbursement list. If mandatory health insurance is to improve affordability of medicines for the Moldovan population, more funds need to be (re-)allocated to enable higher percentage coverage of essential medicines and efficiencies need to be generated within the health system. These should include a budget reallocation between secondary and primary care, strengthening primary care to manage chronic conditions and raise population awareness, implementation of evidence-based selection and quality use of medicines in both outpatient and inpatient settings, improving monitoring and regulation of prices and the supply chain; and alignment of national treatment guidelines and clinical practice with international best practices and evidence-based medicine. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

  18. ARMONIZAREA CADRULUI LEGAL AL REPUBLICII MOLDOVA PRIVIND ACCIZELE LA PREVEDERILE LEGISLATIVE INTERNAŢIONALE ŞI APLICĂRI ALE ACESTORA ÎN EVIDENŢA CONTABILĂ A ENTITĂŢII

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    Viorica NACU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Accizele sunt larg răspândite în cadrul economiilor de piaţă şi reprezintă taxe incluse în preţul de vânzare al produ-selor comercializate în interiorul unei ţări. Reprezentând o sursă importantă de venituri pentru bugetul de stat, cu un grad ridicat de eficienţă fiscală, accizele necesită calculări perfecte şi reflectări adecvate ale acestora în evidenţa contabilă. Din aceste considerente, în scopul perfectării modului de calculare şi evidenţă contabilă a accizelor, au loc unele încercări de armonizare a cadrului legal al Republicii Moldova privind accizele la prevederile legislative internaţionale.HARMONISATION OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA ON EXCISE DUTY TO THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL PROVISIONS AND THEIR APPLICATION IN THE ACCOUNTS OF THE ENTITYExcises are widespread in the market economies and represent taxes included in the selling price of products sold within a country. Representing an important source of revenue for the State budget, with a high degree of tax efficiency, excises duty requires perfect calculations and their adequate reflection in accounting. Therefore, the purpose of perfecting the method for calculating and their accounting, there are have been some attempts for harmonization of the legal framework of the Republic of Moldova concerning excise duties to international legal provisions.

  19. Sustainability and long-term effectiveness of the WHO surgical safety checklist combined with pulse oximetry in a resource-limited setting: two-year update from Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Rebecca Y; Kwakye, Gifty; Kwok, Alvin C; Baltaga, Ruslan; Ciobanu, Gheorghe; Merry, Alan F; Funk, Luke M; Lipsitz, Stuart R; Gawande, Atul A; Berry, William R; Haynes, Alex B

    2015-05-01

    Little is known about the sustainability and long-term effect of surgical safety checklists when implemented in resource-limited settings. A previous study demonstrated the marked, short-term effect of a structured hospital-wide implementation of a surgical safety checklist in Moldova, a lower-middle-income country, as have studies in other low-resource settings. To assess the long-term reduction in perioperative harm following the introduction of a checklist-based surgical quality improvement program in a resource-limited setting and to understand the long-term effects of such programs. Twenty months after the initial implementation of a surgical safety checklist and the provision of pulse oximetry at a referral hospital in Moldova, a lower-middle-income, resource-limited country in Eastern Europe, we conducted a prospective study of perioperative care and outcomes of 637 consecutive patients undergoing noncardiac surgery (the long-term follow-up group), and we compared the findings with those from 2106 patients who underwent surgery shortly after implementation (the short-term follow-up group). Preintervention data were collected from March to July 2010. Data collection during the short-term follow-up period was performed from October 2010 to January 2011, beginning 1 month after the implementation of the launch period. Data collection during the long-term follow-up period took place from May 25 to July 6, 2012, beginning 20 months after the initial intervention. The primary end points of interest were surgical morbidity (ie, the complication rate), adherence to safety process measures, and frequency of hypoxemia. Between the short- and long-term follow-up groups, the complication rate decreased 30.7% (P = .03). Surgical site infections decreased 40.4% (P = .05). The mean (SD) rate of completion of the checklist items increased from 88% (14%) in the short-term follow-up group to 92% (11%) in the long-term follow-up group (P rate of hypoxemic events

  20. PERSPECTIVELE DEZVOLTĂRII DURABILE A ECOTURISMULUI ÎN REZERVAŢIA PEISAJERĂ „RUDI-ARIONEŞTI”, REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

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    Tatiana DUDNICENCO

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available În rezultatul studiilor realizate a fost elaborat un itinerar ecoturistic al rezervaţiei peisajere „Rudi-Arioneşti”, care este reprezentativ şi accesibil ecoturiştilor, şi anume: mănăstirea „Rudi”, cetăţuia romană „La trei cruci”, aşezarea medie­vală „Farfuria turcului”, peştera „Răposaţilor”, cetăţuia de origine tracică „La şanţuri”, „Valea Bradului”, „Izvorul Verde”. Au fost descrise principalele puncte de vizitare din cadrul itinerarului selectat. Au fost abordate problemele ecologice ale rezervaţiei peisajere „Rudi-Arioneşti” ce reprezintă una dintre destinaţiile de bază ale traseelor ecoturistice din raioa­nele Donduşeni şi Soroca, precum şi propuse soluţii de rezolvare a lor. THE PERSPECTIVES OF TOURISM SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE „RUDI-ARIONESTI” LANDSCAPE RESERVE, REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA In the results of these studies have been elaborated the ecotourism itinerary of „Rudi-Arionesti” landscape reserve, which are representative and accessible for ecotourists: „Rudi” monastery, „La trei cruci” Roman fortress, „Farfuria tur­cului” medieval settlement, „Raposatilor” cave, „La santuri” Thracian origin fortress, „Valea Bradului”, „Izvorul Verde”.It have been described the main points for visitation within the selected route. It have been emphasized the ecological problems of „Rudi-Arionesti” landscape reservation which represents one of the basic destinations of ecotourism routes from Donduseni and Soroca districts and have been proposed solutions of its solving. 

  1. Dental enamel Hypoplasia. Investigations on the Bones Exhumed from the Medieval Necropole of Lozova (Republic of Moldova, XIVth–XVth Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Daniel Simalcsik

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Dental hypoplasia is a developmental anomaly based on perturbations of amelogenesis. Hypoplasia defects are part of the unspecific quantitative indicators for the state of health and / or nutritional state during the formation of the dental buds. It is a response of the human organism to physiological stress. The incidence of this dysplasia in a past population can indicate its biological frailty in its attempt to adapt to the environmental changes. The osteological material was excavated in the interval 2010 – 2011 by archaeologists from the Archaeology Centre in Chisinau, from the Medieval cemetery of Lozova (Straseni County, Republic of Moldova, dated for the XIVth and XVth centuries. Fifty one skeletons from 50 inhumation graves have been excavated and analyzed so far. Only 40 individuals had most of their teeth present. The enamel hypoplasia is of linear transversal type, located on the labial surface of the dental crowns, in the median third. The canine is the most affected tooth, followed by the incisors. The incidence of dental enamel hypoplasia at population level (based on the data collected and on the number of graves excavates so far, which does not illustrate the entire population of the cemetery is 7.5%. The incidence of dental caries is 23.53%, of cribra orbitalia – 11.75%, and of cribra cranii externa – 1.96%. The results obtained for a relatively small rural community illustrate a good adaptation to the stressing environmental factors. The possible malnutrition and illness episodes suffered during early childhood were recovered along the growth and development processes.

  2. ECONOMIC VALUE OF SOME LEGUMINOUS PLANT SPECIES OF THE COLLECTIONS FROM THE BOTANICAL GARDEN (INSTITUTE OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru TELEUTA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of the evaluation of the growth and development rates, the seed productivity, the green mass yield, the biochemical composition and the content of amino acids, phosphorous and calcium, the nutritive and energy value of the forage, as well as the biomethane productivity of local ecotypes of the leguminous species maintained in monoculture, in the collection of the Botanical Garden (Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova (BG ASM: Astragalus ponticus, Coronilla varia, Lotus corniculatus, Medicago falcata, Onobrychis arenaria and Trifolium repens are presented in this article. Control variants – the traditional forage crops: Medicago sativa and Onobrychis viciifolia. The local ecotypes of the studied leguminous species were characterized by different growth and development rates. Coronilla varia and Lotus corniculatus, in the 2nd-3rd years, could be harvested, for the first time, 5 days earlier than Medicago sativa, but Medicago falcata and Onobrychis viciifolia – 18 days later. The green mass yield varied from 0.83 kg/m2 to 4.08 kg/m2. The studied ecotypes reached amounts of 0.60-0.89 nutritive units/kg and metabolizable energy 8.05-9.90 MJ/kg of dry matter, the content of digestible protein, of 106.28-225.09 g/nutritive unit, met the zootechnical standards; seed production: 19.12-83.00 g/m2; the biomethane yield ranged from 692 to 3197 m3/ha. Higher yield of natural forage, dry matter and biomethane was produced by Onobrychis arenaria and Coronilla varia.

  3. WHITE-COLLAR CRIME’S FORECASTING AND REDUCTION BY MEANS OF PRE-EMPLOYMENT TESTING IN THE PENAL POLITICS OF THE STATE: EMPIRICAL FINDINGS FOR MOLDOVA AND ISRAEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob RUB

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present article is to elaborate a valid method of forecasting of the potential offender during the hiring process by means of pre-employment tests as an integral part of the process of prevention and counteracting of the phenomenon of white-collar criminality in the realm of Penal Politics of the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel. Namely, the „personality coefficient” of the potential offender, which, in the author’s opinion, will define better the likelihood of success in perpetrating a white-collar crime. As a result, a new methodology and tactics for the earlier reducing of white-collar criminality at workplace a new and original scale of pre-employment test valid for hiring process which will be justifiable not only from economical and sociological standpoint, but also from criminological point of view in the process of white-collar criminality reducing.Prognozarea şi reducerea criminalităţii gulerelor albe prin metoda testărilor pre-angajatoare în politica penală a statului: rezultatele empirice pentru Moldova şi IsraelScopul propus în acest articol constă în elaborarea unei metode valide pentru identificarea criminalilor potenţiali în procesul de angajare prin teste de pre-selecţie privite ca parte integrantă a procesului de prevenire şi combatere a fenomenului criminalităţii gulerelor albe în cadrul politicii penale a Republicii Moldova şi a Statului Israel. În special, este propus spre utilizare „coeficientul personalităţii” potenţialului infractor care, în opinia autorului, va defini mai precis probabilitatea săvârşirii crimei gulerelor albe. Prin urmare, este propusă şi argumentată o nouă metodologie şi tactică de reducere a criminalităţii gulerelor albe la locul de muncă, precum şi un model original de testare pre-angajare oportun din perspectivă economică, sociologică şi criminologică.

  4. UNELE ASPECTE PRIVIND ANALIZA JURIDICO-PENALĂ COMPARATIVĂ A INFRACŢIUNILOR INFORMATICE ÎN LEGEA PENALĂ A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA ŞI ÎN CEA A ROMÂNIEI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiu CRIJANOVSCHI

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Scopul propus în acest articol ştiinţific rezidă în soluţionarea unor aspecte discutabile legate de analiza juridico-penală a infracţiunilor săvârşite în domeniul informaticii. În el sunt elucidate anumite aspecte problematice, fiind înaintate soluţii relevante ale acestora şi formulate propuneri de lege ferenda cu scopul perfecţionării legislaţiei penale în vigoare. Pentru a atinge scopul trasat autorul a analizat doctrina din domeniul dreptului penal şi cibernetic, precum şi a efectuat analiza comparativă a legislaţiei penale interne a Republicii Moldova şi a celei a României, pe de o parte, a actelor inter­naţionale în sfera informaticii, pe de altă parte. Au fost aduse definiţii relevante ale infracţiunilor informatice. Autorul a clarificat natura unor termeni pur cibernetici, adaptându-i la realitatea juridică.some aspects concerning the comparative analysis of the cyber crimes in the criminal law of the republic of moldova and romania The main purpose of this scientific article consists in solving of some disputable aspects which are linked to the analysis of cyber crimes from the criminal law perspective. By means of this message there have been elucidated some questions which didn’t found the relevant solution before the research, as well as there have been formulated some proposals for reform in order to improve criminal legislation in force. In order to obtain this purpose the author has analyzed the domain of the Substantive Criminal law and cybernetics, as well as has performed the comparative research of the criminal law provisions from the Republic of Moldova and Romania, on the one side, and international acts in the cybernetics, on the other. There have been formulated several definitions suitable for cyber crimes. The author has clarified the nature of some cybernetic terms, they being adapted to the juridical reality.

  5. 摩尔多瓦艾滋病防治督导与评估体系分析与启示%The HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Monitoring and Evaluation System in the Republic of Moldova

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玮; 胡志; 秦侠

    2012-01-01

    By systematically analysis of the characteristics of HIV/AIDS prevention and control Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system in the Republic of Moldova, the paper summarized it experiences and shortages, so as to provide reference for HIV/AIDS prevention and control M&E system in our country and to promote the sustainable development of HIV/AIDS prevention and control.%通过对摩尔多瓦艾滋病防治督导与评估体系的分析,总结其成功经验与不足,为我国艾滋病防治督导与评估体系的建设提供借鉴,促进我国艾滋病防治工作的可持续发展.

  6. Kas euroopa naaritsal on saarel tulevikku? / Marion Maksimov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maksimov, Marion

    2012-01-01

    Tallinna loomaaia ja sihtasutuse Lutreola projektist, mille käigus lasti Hiiumaa järel ka Saaremaal vabasse loodusesse euroopa naaritsad. Selgitusi jagab sihtasutuse Lutreola juhataja ja Euroopa naaritsa projekti eestvedaja Tiit Maran

  7. Haridus kui arenenud riikide prioriteetne investeering tulevikku / Kristi Ploom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ploom, Kristi

    2010-01-01

    Ülevaade OECD (Majandusliku Koostöö ja Arengu Organisatsiooni) haridusanalüüsi aastaraamatus „Education at a Glance“ esitatud teemadest, tähelepanekutest ja üldistustest ning Eesti positsioonist OECD riikide seas nende näitajate valguses

  8. Romantiline ajareis olevikust tulevikku mineviku kaudu / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    26. veebruaril Eesti muusika päevade ja programmi "Tallinn - Euroopa kultuuripealinn 2011" raames Salme kultuurikeskuses toimunud Tatjana Kozlova autorikontserdist, kus kaasa tegid Annamaria Morini (flööt, Itaalia), Enzo Porta (viiul, Itaalia) ja ansambel Resonabilis

  9. Mart Sander ei tea oma saate tulevikku / Heili Sibrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sibrits, Heili, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    Muusikasaatest "Tähed muusikas". Mart Sanderi juhitav MTÜ Bel-Etage suurprojektidest 2002. aasta maist augustini: Sir Arthur Sullivani koomilisest ooperist "Trial by Jury" ("Vandekohus") ja Lionel Moncktoni muusikalist "The Arcadians" ("Arkaadlased"). Sander juhib BBC Eurovisioni-eelset saadet eesti muusikast

  10. Narva silla tulevikku arutati koos Moskva ametnikega / Ilja Smirnov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smirnov, Ilja

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 27. jaan. lk. 4, Narvskaja Nedelja 28. jaan. lk. 2. Narvas toimus Eesti-Vene ühise töögrupi esimene kokkusaamine, järgmine kohtumine uue silla asjus peaks toimuma naaberriigis 2006. aasta teises kvartalis

  11. Romantiline ajareis olevikust tulevikku mineviku kaudu / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    26. veebruaril Eesti muusika päevade ja programmi "Tallinn - Euroopa kultuuripealinn 2011" raames Salme kultuurikeskuses toimunud Tatjana Kozlova autorikontserdist, kus kaasa tegid Annamaria Morini (flööt, Itaalia), Enzo Porta (viiul, Itaalia) ja ansambel Resonabilis

  12. Vanemahüvitis toetab Eesti tulevikku / Toomas Tein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tein, Toomas, 1955-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Valgamaalane 25. okt. lk. 2, Sakala 24. okt. lk. 2, Hiiu Leht, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 28. okt. lk. 2, Vali Uudised 29. okt. lk. 2, Võrumaa Teataja 1. nov. lk. 2, Nädaline 4. nov. lk. 4, Pärnu Postimees 13. nov. lk.15. Vanemahüvitisest kui perepoliitika olulisest nurgakivist ja sotsiaalset ebavõrdsust vähendavast abinõust. Vajadusest siduda vanemahüvitis ülalpeetava-mentaliteedi vältimiseks lapsepuhkuseni saadud palgaga

  13. Narva silla tulevikku arutati koos Moskva ametnikega / Ilja Smirnov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smirnov, Ilja

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 27. jaan. lk. 4, Narvskaja Nedelja 28. jaan. lk. 2. Narvas toimus Eesti-Vene ühise töögrupi esimene kokkusaamine, järgmine kohtumine uue silla asjus peaks toimuma naaberriigis 2006. aasta teises kvartalis

  14. VAT-teater vaatab 30 aastat tulevikku / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2010-01-01

    VAT Teater toob S. Becketti "Krappi viimase lindi" lavale ebatavalisel moel. Festivalil "Draama 2010" Tartus toimub 8. septembril esimene avalik lindistus "...viimane lint / Saare esimene lint". Kontseptsioon: Tanel Saar ja Co. Esitus: Tanel Saar ja Hanna Allsaar. Näitejuhid-konsultandid: Rait Avestik ja Aare Toikka. "Krappi viimane lint" esietendub VAT Teatri ja Tanel Saare esituses 2040. a. sügisel. Festivali "Draama 2010" kavast

  15. CORRELATION BETWEEN RISK-TAKING AND RISK-AVERTING BEHAVIOR DURING THE WHITE-COLLAR CRIME PERPETRATING: EMPIRICAL FINDINGS FOR MOLDOVA AND ISRAEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia GÎRLA

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article constitutes an independent scientific research in Criminology. Especially, authors have done their best to explain and to prove the correlation between risk-taking and risk averting behavior during the white-collar perpetrating. Authors have demonstrated that risk is not only a probability of losses but also forms a threat of unpredictable development of events. As a consequence, when a person avoids risking it is also a risk because there appears a great likelihood of undesirable expansion of events outside the risk. New theoretical concepts are formulated on the base of empirical findings obtained from the correlation of the personality traits (Extroversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness and Consciousness in male and female white-collar offenders predisposed to risky decisions in business administration because such decisions are based on intuition and there is detected a deficiency of reasonability.By means of empirical research based on psychological experiment and sociological interview of the white-collar offenders and the control groups there have been proved that inclination to risk being a quality of a person (a personality trait which is expressed in a permanent tendency to use new possibilities in some cases can indicate to a propensity of a person to commit white-collar crimes.Corelaţia dintre comportamentul centrat pe risc şi cel bazat pe evitarea riscului în procesul comiterii infracţiunii „gulerelor albe”: DATE EMPIRICE PENTRU MOLDOVA ŞI ISRAELAcest articol constituie un studiu ştiinţific independent în materia de criminologie. În special, autorii au încercat să explice şi să demonstreze corelaţia dintre comportamentul centrat pe risc şi cel bazat pe evitarea riscului în procesul comiterii infracţiunii gulerelor albe. Autorii au demonstrat că riscul reprezintă nu doar o probabilitate de pierderi, dar şi constituie o ameninţare prin evoluţia imprevizibilă a evenimentelor

  16. PALYNOLOGICAL EVIDENCE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE NEOLITHIC OF MOLDOVA%摩尔达瓦新石器时代环境变化与农业发展的孢粉学证据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S.Medeanic; O.Larina; 等

    2002-01-01

    The Neolithic settlement Sakarovka (Krish culture) is situated in the northwestern part of Moldova and repre-sents the first European agricultural civilization. This culture was widespread on the territories of the former Yugoslavia,modem Hungary, Rumania and Moldova during the Early Neolithic. The carbon isotopic age by 14C of Krish cultural layer ofthis settlement is about 6650+50 y. BP or 5600-1480 y. BC. The obtained palynological data suggest forest-steppe vegetationdevelopment under more favourable than recent climatic conditions during habitation. The agricultural activity evidenced bythe presence of cereal pollen (Triticum, Avena, Hordeum) and pollen of the attendent weedy plants. By the end of habitation,the forest areas decreased along with an increase in xerophylous grasses caused by aridity growing, deforestation for woodexploration and the creation of new arable lands.%新石器居民点Sakarovka(Krish文化)位于摩尔达瓦西北部,它代表了欧洲第一个农业文明.这一文化在新石器时代早期广泛分布于前南斯拉夫和现匈牙利、罗马尼亚及摩尔达瓦地区.这些地区Krish文化层的14C同位素年代为6650+/-50年,或者公元前5600-1480年.现有的孢粉资料显示,当时的森林-草原植被生长在比现代更好的气候环境下.谷物(Triticum,Avena,Hordeum)花粉及伴生的杂草花粉可以证明当时的农业活动.在Krish文化的末期,森林面积减少和喜旱的禾草类增加是由于气候干旱化、木材开发以及开辟新的可耕地引起的.

  17. ROLUL NEGUSTORILOR ALOGENI ÎN PROCESUL DE CONSTITUIRE A BURGHEZIEI COMERCIALE DIN PRINCIPATUL MOLDOVA (sfârşitul sec. al XVIII-lea – începutul sec. al XIX-lea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina CEREŞ

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available În articol este a investigat rolul comercianţilor străini în crearea burgheziei comerciale în Principatul Moldova (de la sfârşitul secolului al XVIII – începutul secolului al XIX-lea. La sfârşitul secolul al XVIII-lea – începutul secolului al XIX-lea burghezia comercială a Principatului Moldova a fost o categorie ce se afla într-o stare de formare. Astfel, se poate considera că negustorii străini au fost un element im-portant în formarea lentă a burgheziei din zona carpatică. Negustorii străini stabiliţi în Moldova s-au dovedit a fi un factor de progres în ceea ce priveşte evoluţia economiei locale, au contribuit la diversificarea activităţilor economice, la dezvoltarea comerţului interior şi exterior, precum şi la consolidarea rolului burgheziei în formarea categoriilor profesionale productive şi dinamice – de meşteşugari şi meseriaşi.LE RÔLE DES MARCHANDS ALLOGÉNIQUES DANS LE PROCESSUS DE FORMATION DE LA BOURGEOISIE COMMERCIALE DE LA PRINCIPAUTÉ DE MOLDAVIE (À LA FIN DU XVIIIÈME SIÈCLE – DÉBUT DU XIX ÈME SIÈCLE  La Bourgeoisie commerciale de la Principauté de Moldavie existante à la fin du XVIIIème siècle – début du XIXème siècle constitue une catégorie sociale en phase embryonnaire. Ses représentants sont généralement des éléments allogènes, avec peu d’autochtones. On sait qu’en effet toute bourgeoisie a commencé son développement à l’aide des étrangers. La séparation de ceux-ci s’est produite uniquement après une certaine période de temps, après avoir fait leur éducation économique dans le pays d’origine. On rencontre le même processus au cas des Principautés Roumains. Les commerçants étrangers ont constitué l’un des éléments les plus importants dans le processus lent de cristallisation de la bourgeoisie autochtone. Par leurs activités commerciales et par leurs propres intérêts ils on contribué à faire évoluer les activités de commerce de

  18. A systematic catalogue of butterflies of the former Soviet Union (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lituania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) with special account to their type specimens (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korb, Stanislav K; Bolshakov, Lavr V

    2016-09-01

    A catalogue of butterflies of Russia and adjacent countries is given, with special account to the name-bearing types depository. This catalogue contains data about 86 species (3 of them are questionable) of Hesperiidae (22 genera); 47 species of Papilionidae (14 genera); 89 species of Pieridae (5 of them are questionable)  (15 genera); 1 species (1 genus) of Libytheinae(dae); 2 species of Danainae(dae) (2 genera); 160 species of Nymphalinae(dae) (1 of them is questionable) (23 genera); 259 species of Satyrinae(dae) (14 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Oeneis and Pseudochazara) (34 genera); 3 species of Riodinidae (2 genera); 318 species of Lycaenidae (11 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Neolycaena and Plebeius) (57 genera). In total: 965 species of butterflies, 174 genera, by countries: Armenia-244, Azerbaijan-225, Belarus-107, Estonia-113, Georgia-211, Kyrgyzstan-316, Kazakhstan-344, Latvia-115, Lituania-126, Moldova-87, Russia-522, Tajikistan-295, Turkmenistan-159, Ukraine-192, Uzbekistan-241. Detailed distribution and subspecific structure (if present) for every species is provided. Lectotypes of the following species-group taxa are designated: Hesperia poggei Lederer, 1858, Parnassius felderi Bremer, 1861, P. eversmanni Eversmann, 1851, P. boedromius Püngeler, 1901, Limenitis moltrechti Kardakov, 1928, L. sydyi Kindermann, 1853, L. amphyssa Ménétriès, 1859, L. doerriesi Staudinger, 1892, L. helmanni duplicata Staudinger, 1892, L. homeyeri Tancré, 1881, Argynnis penelope Staudinger, 1891, A. thore borealis Staudinger, 1861, Vanessa io geisha Stichel, [1908], Melitaea maturna staudingeri Wnukowsky, 1929 (=uralensis Staudinger, 1871), M. didymina Staudinger, 1895, Papilio fascelis Esper, 1783, Thecla quercivora Staudinger, 1887, Lycaena orion var. ornata Staudinger, 1892. The following nomenclatural acts are established: Neolycaena submontana baitenovi (Zhdanko, 2011), comb. et stat.n. The following new synonymy is provided: Hesperia

  19. Towards Conservation Agriculture systems in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Boincean

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available As the world population and food production demands rise, keeping agricultural soils and landscapes healthy and productive are of paramount importance to sustaining local and global food security and the flow of ecosystem services to society. The global population, expected to reach 9.7 billion people by 2050, will put additional pressure on the available land area and resources for agricultural production. Sustainable production intensification for food security is a major challenge to both industrialized and developing countries. The paper focuses on the results from long-term multi-factorial experiments involving tillage practices, crop rotations and fertilization to study the interactions amongst the treatments in the context of sustainable production intensification. The paper discusses the results in relation to reported performance of crops and soil quality in Conservation Agriculture systems that are based on no or minimum soil disturbance (no-till seeding and weeding, maintenance of soil mulch cover with crop biomass and cover crops, and diversified cropping s involving annuals and perennials. Conservation Agriculture also emphasizes the necessity of an agro-ecosystems approach to the management of agricultural land for sustainable production intensification, as well as to the site-specificity of agricultural production. Arguments in favor of avoiding the use of soil tillage are discussed together with agro-ecological principles for sustainable intensification of agriculture. More interdisciplinary systems research is required to support the transformation of agriculture from the conventional tillage agriculture to a more sustainable agriculture based on the principles and practices of Conservation Agriculture, along with other complementary practices of integrated crop, nutrient, water, pest, energy and farm power management.

  20. Republic of Moldova in the European partnership

    OpenAIRE

    Mosneaga, Valeriu

    2014-01-01

    The “Eastern Partnership” program is part of the European Neighborhood Policy, which was launched in 2004 to encourage good relations between the EU and neighboring states. The “Eastern Partnership” was established in May 2009 at the Prague Summit, and it is aimed to accelerate the political association and deepening the economic integration between European Union and six post-soviet states. Eastern Partnership program offers opportunities, especially in the economic sphere, for the developme...

  1. The target language environment of Chinese learning difficulties and countermeasures research--Take Moldova students for example%非目的语环境下汉语学习的难点及对策研究--以摩尔多瓦学生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽

    2014-01-01

    越来越多的国家开始学习汉语,就连摩尔多瓦这样的欧洲小国,也建立了已有五年历史的孔子学院。由于深处内陆,摩国学生进行汉语学习确实存在着很多的困难,因此,研究和破解学生在非目的语环境下学习汉语的困难就成为对外汉语教学的一个重要课题。%More and more countries start to learn Chinese, even Moldova such a smal country in Europe, has also set up Confucius institute of five years. Due to the inland, there are a lot of difficulties for Chinese learning students, therefore, to research and break the students in the target language environment to the difficulty of learning Chinese has become an important subject of teaching Chinese as a foreign language.

  2. Peame Tartu rahu sõlmijate eeskujul ehitama tulevikku / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne Tartu rahulepingu 90. aastapäeva kontsert-aktusel Vanemuise kontserdimajas 2. veebruaril 2010. Tsitaat kõnest ilmunud ka: Eesti Ekspress 25. veebr. 2010, lk. A13, pealk.: President soovitab mõelda tulevikule

  3. Treff piilus tudengite tööde kaudu tulevikku / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2009-01-01

    Nukuteatrifestivalist Tallinn Treff, kus näitasid oma töid Turu Kunstiakadeemia nukuteatri osakonna teise kursuse tudengid - Rene Bakeri lavastatud eepostel "Kalevala" ja "Kalevipoeg põhinev "Mieliteko" ning Federico Fellini filmist "Tee" inspireeritud "Tsirkus Gelsomina"- ja Ernst Buschi nim. Berliini Lavakunstikooli nukuteatritudengid - "Inspektor tuleb" J. B. Priestley draama järgi. Auhinna saajaks oli Von Krahli egiidi all valminud lavakunstikooli diplomilavastus "Kummitus masinas", lavastaja Mart Koldits

  4. Maailma suusaorienteerumine vaatab kindlalt tulevikku. 1.-2. osa / Margus Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Margus, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise Orienteerumisliidu (IOFi) poolt koostatud suundsuusatamise pikaajalisest strateegiast, spordiala reformimisest ja 2018. aasta taliolümpiamängude uueks spordialaks saamisest, suusaorienteerumise võistlussarjast "Ski-O Tour" ja suusaorienteerumisest Eestis

  5. Paavo Lipponen: tulevikku ei saa rajada loodusvaradele / Paavo Lipponen ; intervjueerinud Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lipponen, Paavo

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisele disainivõistlusele Baltic Modo pühendatud seminaril osalenud endine Soome peaminister vastab küsimustele, miks ta hakkas ürituse patrooniks, mida Balti riigid saaksid teha Läänemere kaitseks ja kas kultuuris võiks näha majanduskriisi üht päästerõngast

  6. Lõvi seljas tulevikku = Riding the lion into the future / Vappu Thurlow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thurlow, Vappu, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    1980-ndad olid suurejooneliste ülevaatenäituste ja eestikeelse teoretiseeriva kunstiarvustuse hiigleajaks. Neid analüüsides selgub, milline see intellektualiseerunud eesti graafika nüüd, 23 aastat hiljem, tundub olevat ja miks kriitika kohati agressiivne hoiak paljudele vahetutele loojanatuuridele mõistamatuks jäi

  7. Aids ähvardab Venemaa, Hiina ja India tulevikku / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2002-01-01

    Ameerika analüütik Nicholas Eberstadt prognoosib, et Hiina, India ja Venemaa võivad järgmise veerandsaja jooksul seista silmitsi suurema arvu HIV-i nakatanute ja aidsi surnutega kui kogu maailm seni tervikuna

  8. Aids ähvardab Venemaa, Hiina ja India tulevikku / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2002-01-01

    Ameerika analüütik Nicholas Eberstadt prognoosib, et Hiina, India ja Venemaa võivad järgmise veerandsaja jooksul seista silmitsi suurema arvu HIV-i nakatanute ja aidsi surnutega kui kogu maailm seni tervikuna

  9. Glasstec püüab visandada klaasimaailma tulevikku / Eva Kiisler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiisler, Eva

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline erialamess Glasstec ning eriväljapanek ja sümpoosion "Glass Technology Live" 21.-25. X 2008 Düsseldorfi messikeskuses Saksamaal. Peateemaks "Klaas ja energia". 24. X klaasiteemaline arhitektide konverents

  10. Aastavahetus toob silme ette möödunud ja viib mõtted tulevikku

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Ajaleht esitas maakonna linnajuhtidele ja tuntud inimestele aastalõpu eel kaks küsimust: 1. Mida on meenutada lõppevast aastast? ja 2. Mida ootate uuelt aastalt? Küsimustele vastavad Valga gümnaasiumi direktor Raimond Luts, maakonna kultuurijuht Helve Braun, Puide talu peremees Mati Nurm, Pühajärve Puhkekeskuse enamusaktsiate omanik Tiit Vähi, Otepää vallavanem Aivar Nigol, Tõrva linnapea Üllar Mölder, Valga linnapea Margus Lepik, Dirolex OÜ juhataja Olavi Liivandi

  11. Vaade lähiminevikku ja pilguheit tulevikku / Evelyn Müürsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müürsepp, Evelyn

    2010-01-01

    Mooste Kunsti- ja Sotsiaalpraktika Keskuse tegevusest. Loetletud 2009. a. Moostes töötanud 16 kunstnikku. Ana Carvalho (Portugal), Jez Riley Frenchi (Inglismaa), Matt Marble'i ja Emma Lippi (USA), Susanne Kudielka ja Kaspar Wimberley (Saksamaa/Inglismaa) ning Kanako Sasaki (Jaapan) töödest

  12. Lõvi seljas tulevikku = Riding the lion into the future / Vappu Thurlow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thurlow, Vappu, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    1980-ndad olid suurejooneliste ülevaatenäituste ja eestikeelse teoretiseeriva kunstiarvustuse hiigleajaks. Neid analüüsides selgub, milline see intellektualiseerunud eesti graafika nüüd, 23 aastat hiljem, tundub olevat ja miks kriitika kohati agressiivne hoiak paljudele vahetutele loojanatuuridele mõistamatuks jäi

  13. Paet ja Lavrov lükkasid piirilepingu tulevikku / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 7. dets., lk 2. Ljubljanas 6. detsembril kohtunud Eesti välisminister Urmas Paet ja Venemaa välisminister Sergei Lavrov jäid eriarvamusele piirilepingute ratifitseerimistüli lahendamisel. Veel olid kohtumisel arutluse all majandus- ja kaubandusküsimustega tegeleva Eesti-Vene valitsustevahelise komisjoni tegevuse taaselustamine, Eesti presidendi ametiraha tagastamise küsimus ning Narva-Jaanilinna uue silla ehitus

  14. Maailma suusaorienteerumine vaatab kindlalt tulevikku. 1.-2. osa / Margus Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Margus, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise Orienteerumisliidu (IOFi) poolt koostatud suundsuusatamise pikaajalisest strateegiast, spordiala reformimisest ja 2018. aasta taliolümpiamängude uueks spordialaks saamisest, suusaorienteerumise võistlussarjast "Ski-O Tour" ja suusaorienteerumisest Eestis

  15. Ettevõtjad planeerivad tulevikku talupojamõistusega. Pankadega parem klapp / Birjo Must

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Must, Birjo

    2011-01-01

    KPMG uuringust selgub, et Eesti ettevõtjad ja juhid on tuleviku suhtes positiivselt meelestatud, aastaga on ettevõtjate suhtumine pankadesse muutunud positiivsemaks, 62% vastanutest arvab, et Eesti on atraktiivne välisinvestorite seas

  16. Eesti Pank näeb tulevikku tumedamates toonides / Hille Tressum, Kadrin Karner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tressum, Hille

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 23. apr. lk. 8. Eesti Pank ennustab 2008. aastaks 2protsendilist majanduskasvu, 2009. ja 2010. aastaks aga 3%. Diagramm: Majanduskasvu prognoos. Kommenteerib Aivar Rehe

  17. Ameerika endised riigisekretärid heitsid pilgu tulevikku / Urmas Kiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiil, Urmas

    2008-01-01

    Viis endist USA riigisekretäri - Henry Kissinger, James Baker, Madeleine Albright, Warren Christopher ja Colin Powell - andsid nõu tulevasele riigi presidendile, kuidas ta peaks suhtlema Venemaaga, kuidas tuleks lahendada Iraani tuumaprogrammi küsimus ja kuidas oleks võimalik taastada Ameerika prestiizhi maailmas. Vt. samas: Henry Alfred Kissinger, Madeleine Korbel Albright, Warren Minor Chistopher, Colin Luther Powell ja James Addison Baker

  18. Erik Puura näeb tulevikku teaduse ja tootmise harmoonias / Erik Puura ; interv. Kairi Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puura, Erik, 1964-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli tehnoloogiainstituudi direktor Erik Puura leiab, et tootmises on esmatähtis globaalne mõtlemine ja rahvusvaheline turundus. Vt. samas: CV: Erik Puura; TÜTI annab panuse tootearendusse; Blogi viib keskkonnateaduse massidesse

  19. Jagades tulevikku? : uue meedia ja fotohariduse konverents Tartu Kõrgemas Kunstikoolis / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2002-01-01

    19. ja 20. IV toimunud konverents "Sharing the Future" oli pühendatud foto ja uue meedia hariduse küsimustele endises Ida-Euroopas. Eestist esinesid Ants Juske ja konverentsi korraldanud Peeter Linnap ning Raivo Kelomees. Briti haridussüsteemist rääkisid Robin Dance ja Paul Rodgers

  20. Ameerika endised riigisekretärid heitsid pilgu tulevikku / Urmas Kiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiil, Urmas

    2008-01-01

    Viis endist USA riigisekretäri - Henry Kissinger, James Baker, Madeleine Albright, Warren Christopher ja Colin Powell - andsid nõu tulevasele riigi presidendile, kuidas ta peaks suhtlema Venemaaga, kuidas tuleks lahendada Iraani tuumaprogrammi küsimus ja kuidas oleks võimalik taastada Ameerika prestiizhi maailmas. Vt. samas: Henry Alfred Kissinger, Madeleine Korbel Albright, Warren Minor Chistopher, Colin Luther Powell ja James Addison Baker

  1. Jagades tulevikku? : uue meedia ja fotohariduse konverents Tartu Kõrgemas Kunstikoolis / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2002-01-01

    19. ja 20. IV toimunud konverents "Sharing the Future" oli pühendatud foto ja uue meedia hariduse küsimustele endises Ida-Euroopas. Eestist esinesid Ants Juske ja konverentsi korraldanud Peeter Linnap ning Raivo Kelomees. Briti haridussüsteemist rääkisid Robin Dance ja Paul Rodgers

  2. Из истории фортификации и картографирования Бессарабии и Молдовы: работы Ф. Кауффера 1793-1797-х годов / From the history of fortification and mapping of Bessarabia and Moldova: F. Kauffer's works in 1793-1797

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igori Sapozhnikov

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the French cartographer and fortifier François Kauffer (1751-1801, who for the last 9 years of his life served the Ottoman Porte, but at the same time was an agent of the Russian Empire. Particular attention is given to his work in the territory of Bessarabia and Moldova, where he took part in strengthening the fortresses of Akkerman, Bender, Izmail, Kiliya, and Khotyn (in 1793-1797. The paper includes documents and lists of his manuscript maps and plans, which are stored in the Military Historical Archive (Russian Federation, Moscow.

  3. The ongoing, Nebs Møllegård experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Poul

    2009-01-01

    In this chapter the authors presents the development of  residential treatment of children with severe emotional deficits from theory based to theory- and research based intervention through a double of decades.......In this chapter the authors presents the development of  residential treatment of children with severe emotional deficits from theory based to theory- and research based intervention through a double of decades....

  4. The ongoing, Nebs Møllegård experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Poul

    2009-01-01

    In this chapter the authors presents the development of  residential treatment of children with severe emotional deficits from theory based to theory- and research based intervention through a double of decades.......In this chapter the authors presents the development of  residential treatment of children with severe emotional deficits from theory based to theory- and research based intervention through a double of decades....

  5. What causes the low binary frequency in the Orion neb- Ula cluster

    OpenAIRE

    Köhler, R.

    2004-01-01

    Reportamos los resultados de un censo de binarias en la parte externa del C umulo de la Nebulosa de Ori on, entre 0:7 y 2 pc del centro del c umulo. Los resultados ser an utiles para decidir si la tasa de formaci on de binarias fue menor en Ori on que en Taurus-Auriga, o si se formaron inicialmente muchas binarias que despu es fueron destru das por encuentros estelares cercanos. Encontramos que la frecuencia de binarias entre estrellas de baja masa no depende de la distancia al ...

  6. Diversity of amino acids in a typical chernozem of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frunze, N. I.

    2014-12-01

    The content and composition of the amino acids in typical chernozems were studied. The objects of the study included a reference soil under an old fallow and three variants under fodder crop rotations: not fertilized, with mineral fertilizers, and with organic fertilizers. The contents of 18 amino acids were determined in these soils. The amino acids were extracted by the method of acid hydrolysis and identified by the method of ion-exchange chromatography. The total content of most of the amino acids was maximal in the reference soil; it was much lower in the cultivated soils and decreased in the following sequence: organic background > mineral background > no fertilization. The diversity of amino acids was evaluated quantitatively using different parameters applied in ecology for estimating various aspects of the species composition of communities (Simpson, Margalef, Menhinick, and Shannon's indices). The diversity and contribution of different amino acids to the total pool of amino acids also varied significantly in the studied variants. The maximum diversity of amino acids and maximum evenness of their relative abundance indices were typical of the reference chernozem; these parameters were lower in the cultivated soils. It was concluded that the changes in the structure of the amino acids under the impact of agricultural loads are similar to those that are usually observed under stress conditions.

  7. Kas Moldova jälle unustatud? / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2006-01-01

    Autor peab märtskuu kaalukaks sündmuseks, mis on küll Valgevene ja Ukraina valimiste varju jäänud, Sotšis allakirjutatud kokkulepet Venemaa sõjabaaside likvideerimise kohta Gruusias. Euroopa Liit ei näita üles tahet mõjutada Venemaad sõjaväge Moldovast välja viima

  8. Organ economy: organ trafficking in Moldova and Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundin, Susanne

    2012-02-01

    Organ trafficking is an illegal means of meeting the shortage of transplants. The activity flourishes for several interacting reasons, such as medical needs, poverty and criminality. Other factors are fundamental conceptual structures such as the dream of the regenerative body as well as the view of the body as an object of utility and an object of value. The article aims to go behind the normative discussions that usually surround organ trafficking. Why this is happening, and what the societal consequences are, is examined through ethnographic fieldwork. The focus is on the shadow economies that govern existence and in which people, goods, weapons, money, bodies, etc. constitute components of the global market.

  9. Improving Nutritional Health in Schools: Gardens in Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Joanne M.

    2008-01-01

    International activities of FCS professionals take many forms, most often at the grassroots level making a difference in the daily lives of people and their communities, far from their own communities. A 2 1/2-year project, supported by the Monsanto Fund and an International Federation of Home Economics (IFHE) project grant, developed school…

  10. BANKING SYSTEM FRAGILITY: CASE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina CLICHICI

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper studied the determinants of Moldovan banking system fragility. It underlines the existing researches into the empirical determinants of banking fragility. The analysis revealed that there are numerous channels through which weaknesses within the macroeconomic conditions and structural characteristics might increase banking system fragility. The main macroeconomic determinants which may have an impact on Moldovan banking system fragility are: excessive domestic liquidity, pro-cyclical character of the banking system, dependence on remittances, financial dollarization. There are also several banking characteristics which play a role for Moldovan banking system fragility: the undermined intermediation function, high level of bad loans, uncertainties in the ownership structure, low presence of foreign strategic investors. The paper employed a quantitative, a qualitative and a comparative analysis using the financial soundness and structural indicators of the Moldovan banking system in order to assess the impact of various determinants on Moldovan banking system fragility. The results reveal a high degree of capitalization and liquidity of Moldovan banking system, factors which contribute and maintain the general stability of the entire financial system.

  11. RECEPTAREA OPEREI LEOPARDIENE ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina TULBU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available În cultura basarabeană opera lui Giacomo Leopardi pătrunde mai târziu decât în ţările vest-europene. Fapt condiţionat atât de complexitatea sensului poeziei leopardiene, cât şi de lipsa de traducători, cunoscători ai limbii italiene, dar şi de italienişti de formaţie. În studiul de faţă ne propunem să urmărim drumul parcurs de opera lui Leopardi în Basarabia atât la nivelul traducerilor, cât şi la nivelul interpretării critice.RECEPTION OF LEOPARDIAN WORK IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA Into Bessarabian culture, Giacomo Leopardi’s work penetrates later than into western- European countries. This fact is due to the leopardian poetry sense complexity, as well as to the lack of familiar with Italian language translators and of formation italienists. In the present study, we propose to follow the road covered by Leopardi’s work inBessarabiaat the level of translations, as well as of scientific studies.

  12. State of bream populations in reconstructed water bodies of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian USATYI

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Bream, Abramis brama L., is a key species in fish communities of Moldovian Rivers and a main component of bottom food chains of river and lake ecosystems. With the reconstruction of water bodies, mainly for hydroelectric power stations needs, the ecological conditions changed substantially, which results in modifications in population state of biota. The negative effects of water bodies’ reconstruction upon population status of bream in several Moldovian Rivers and reservoirs were studied. These effects manifest in detrimental changes in bream growth, age composition and reproductive success. The conclusion is made that the economical gain after the regulation of large and middle-size rivers is opposed by the negative impact upon fish community as a whole, as well as upon the ecology of individual species as applied to the indicator species Abramis brama.

  13. Experiences with Land Reform and Land Consolidation in Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartvigsen, Morten B.; Gorgan, Maxim; Palmer, David

    2012-01-01

    percent) participated in the project through land transactions. The scheme was completely voluntary. During 2009-2010, the activity was scaled up with 40 new projects. A total of 7 520 hectares changed ownership, and around 2 600 hectares were transferred through long-term leases. About 25 percent (12 795...

  14. Moldova versus Russian Hybrid Threat: A Question of National Will

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    Perception Index (CPI), scoring 35 out of 100,108 implies that there may be problems in regard of a transparent and equal judiciary. Moreover, the...polarization of the population. This then drives lack of national consensus, corruption , indecisiveness, extensive reliance on partners and international...political and societal polarization of the population. This then drives lack of national consensus, corruption , indecisiveness, extensive reliance on

  15. Implementing Performance-Based Budgeting in Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ciubotaru

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article includes a research on budgeting based performance, and proposes a system of performance indicators that assess the linkage between the policies and annual budget law, the compliance of global budgeting performance to European principles in the area of public financial management, and the impact of public financing on economic growth. The analysis of performance indicators shows the linkages between the policies, and budgeting, as well as budgeting performance in compliance with European principles in this area.

  16. Moldova - Transition to High-Value Agriculture Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The THVA evaluation will rely on two complementary evaluation components. The first is an impact evaluation, which focuses on evaluating the effectiveness of the...

  17. Shelli Sahhalini-projekt näitab naftatööstuse pelutavat tulevikku / Thomas Catan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Catan, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Sahhalini saarel viiakse Royal Dutch Shelli juhtimisel ellu maailma suurimaid nafta ja maagaasi koosarendusprojekte, Aasia riigid hakkavad Sahhalinilt saama 150 000 barrelit naftat päevas ja 9,6 mln tonni vedelat maagaasi aastas. Projekti kulud on võrreldes esialgse eelarvega kahekordistunud. Sahhalini keskkonna pärast tunnevad muret keskkonnakaitsjad kogu maailmas. Lisa: Sahhalin asub suurte energiatarbijate keskel

  18. President Ilves : Eesti ja maailma kõrgtehnoloogia firmade koostööl on tulevikku / Kaidi Aher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aher, Kaidi

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese külaskäigust teadus- ja kõrgtehnoloogia keskusesse Silicon Valley'sse ning kohtumisest Stanfordi Ülikooli rektori John L. Hennessy'ga. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 9.-16.06.2009

  19. Siim Kallas näeb tulevikku ilma hiiglaslike büroohooneteta / Siim Kallas ; interv. Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Siim, 1948-

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni asepresident külastas USA läänerannikul Silicon Valley tehnoloogiafirmasid ja vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad seal pakutavaid uusi tehnoloogilisi lahendusi, võrdlust Euroopa infotehnoloogia innovatsioonidega, Eesti esindaja saatmist Silicon Valleysse. Lisa: Silicon Valley

  20. Männik ei söanda telekomiäri kaugemat tulevikku ennustada / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Telekomi juht Jaan Männik annab ameti üle Valdo Kalmule ja teeb kokkuvõtteid ettevõtte arengust, aga tuleviku kohta ei ennusta. Lisa: Eesti Telekom. Vt. samas: Telekom maksab suuri dividende

  1. President Ilves : Eesti ja maailma kõrgtehnoloogia firmade koostööl on tulevikku / Kaidi Aher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aher, Kaidi

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese külaskäigust teadus- ja kõrgtehnoloogia keskusesse Silicon Valley'sse ning kohtumisest Stanfordi Ülikooli rektori John L. Hennessy'ga. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 9.-16.06.2009

  2. Siim Kallas näeb tulevikku ilma hiiglaslike büroohooneteta / Siim Kallas ; interv. Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Siim, 1948-

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni asepresident külastas USA läänerannikul Silicon Valley tehnoloogiafirmasid ja vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad seal pakutavaid uusi tehnoloogilisi lahendusi, võrdlust Euroopa infotehnoloogia innovatsioonidega, Eesti esindaja saatmist Silicon Valleysse. Lisa: Silicon Valley

  3. Eesti viimane kolhoos pelgab tulevikku / Anne Oja ; kommenteerinud Vallo Visnapuu, Argo Mättas, Mart Vaiksaar ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Vändra katsesovhoosi jagunemisel loodud OÜ Selja nõukogu ja juhatus on otsustanud firma maha müüa, kuigi enamik ettevõtte 197-st eraisikust osanikust on selle vastu. Võimalikud ostjad on Trigon Farming AS või Jõgeva Põllumajandustootjate Liit (JPL)

  4. Evaluation of the molluscicidal property of Euphorbia splendens var. Hispolii (N.E.B. (Euphorbiaceae: 2. Investigation in lotic habitat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. F. Baptista

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available The latex of Euphorbia splendens var. hispolii in 12 ppm concentration (12 mg/l caused 100% mortality for a Biomphalaria tenagophila population in a lotic habitat after 9 hr of dripfeed application. For sentinel snails, in cages placed at the water surface and buried under 0.10 m, the mortality rates varied with the distance from the application point and were: 100% (0 m; 92.6% (50 m and 94.7% (100. No lethal effects were observed for the other living species in this habitat (Pomacea haustrum and Poecilia reticulata.

  5. Історичні етапи впровадження обов'язкового медичного страхування в республіці Молдова / The history of the mandatory medical insurance implementation in republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Єцко Констянтин

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ецко К., Буга М., Дамашкан В. Історичні етапи впровадження обов'язкового медичного страхування в республіці Молдова Модель обов'язкового медичного страхування, впроваджена в Республіці Молдова, містить загальні елементи, характерні для систем соціального страхування в охороні здоров'я інших країн, особливо європейських, і базується на таких основних принципах, як солідарність, справедливість, універсальний доступ до послуг охорони здоров'я.Ключові слова: здоров’я, обов’язкове медичне страхування, республіка Молдова, охорона здоров’я.Yetsko K., Buga M., Damashkan G. THE HISTORY OF THE MANDATORY MEDICAL INSUARANCE IMPLEMENTATION IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA The beginning of the 2000s was characterized by a high proportion of the hospital sector costs (75 – 80%, high level of patients hospitalization (200 – 210 patients per 1000 population, shortage of primary care physiccians trained in family medicineand extensive involvement of specialists for con- sultative assistance in the primary sector (30%. An important stage in the health care reform was the adoption in 1998 of the “mandatory medical insurance” law, and in 2004 the be- ginning of mandatory health insurance (MHI. In result there was achieved a significant increase in health financing (from 937,5 mil. lei in 2004 to 4226,1 mil. lei in 2013; the creation of the single centralized fund, allowing the redistribution of risks; the change in the medical institutions status and their funding based on the contract; the approval of a Single Package

  6. Üleaedsed vaevad Ärma talus Euroopa koostööd ja tulevikku / Marko Suurmägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurmägi, Marko, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kutsel tulid Ärma tallu kahepäevasele visiidile Läti president Valdis Zatlers ja proua Lilita Zatlere. Riigipeade kohtumise peateemad on Euroopa Liidu tulevik ja Balti riikide koostöö, erakorralise teemana kerkis üles Birma olukord seoses hiigeltormi tagajärgedega. Juuresoleval fotol istutavad presidendid puu Ärma talu Euroopa parki

  7. Üleaedsed vaevad Ärma talus Euroopa koostööd ja tulevikku / Marko Suurmägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurmägi, Marko, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kutsel tulid Ärma tallu kahepäevasele visiidile Läti president Valdis Zatlers ja proua Lilita Zatlere. Riigipeade kohtumise peateemad on Euroopa Liidu tulevik ja Balti riikide koostöö, erakorralise teemana kerkis üles Birma olukord seoses hiigeltormi tagajärgedega. Juuresoleval fotol istutavad presidendid puu Ärma talu Euroopa parki

  8. Thermal Hazards in Cold Semester of the Year in the Mountain Area of Moldova River (Sector Between Vama and the Springs of Moldova River

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apostol Liviu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available During the cold semester , most representative of climate risks are the thermal ones, specifically, on the base of a depression area, apprearance of thermal inversions. Amid this feature mentioned, the coldest temperatures were recorded in the lowlands,in the hearth's depression,as the municipe Câmpulung Moldovenesc, here being registered and the lowest temperature from the area studied,-31.7°C. All these thermal inversions that occur in transitional periods (spring and autumn are producing the early frosts,late respectively, these being the most damaging for local agriculture. This stability of the atmosphere, in conjunction with cold air, which is garrisoned on the’s hearth depression, leads to atmospheric pollution with pollutants, resulting from transport and heating, because we are talking about an area in woodland, and consequently, wood is the main source of heating, especially in outlying areas of the city Câmpulung Moldovenesc,where court houses predominate, with their own heating systems.

  9. Physiological changes in Biomphalaria glabrata say, 1818 (Pulmonata: Planorbidae caused by sub-lethal concentrations of the latex of Euphorbia splendens var. hislopii N.E.B (Euphorbiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clélia Christina Mello-Silva

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Molluscides have been used as one of the strategies to control schistosomiasis. Many plant extracts with molluscidal effects have been tested, but the action of the latex of Euphorbia splendens var. hislopii is considered the most promising because it meets the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO. The objective of this study was to determine the lethal dose and identify the effects of the different doses of latex of E. splendens var. hislopii on the physiology of Biomphalaria glabrata submitted to treatment for 24 h. The concentrations of glucose, uric acid and total proteins in the hemolymph and of glycogen in the digestive gland and cephalopodal mass were determined. The LD50 value was 1 mg/l. The highest escape index was found to be at a concentration of 0.6 mg/l. The results showed that the latex of E. splendens var. hislopii caused a sharp reduction in the reserves of glycogen in the digestive gland and elevation of the protein content in the hemolymph of B. glabrata.

  10. Evaluation of the Molluscicidal Properties of Euphorbia splendens var. hislopii (N.E.B. Latex: Experimental Test in an Endemic Area in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendes Nelymar M

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Following the positive results obtained regarding the molluscicidal properties of the latex of Euphorbia splendens that were corroborated in laboratory and field tests under restricted conditions, a field study was conducted in experimental streams located in an endemic area. After recording the average annual fluctuations of vectors in three streams, a solution of E. splendens latex at 12 ppm was applied in stream A, a solution of niclosamide at 3 ppm that was applied in stream B and a third stream (C remained untreated for negative control. Applications of E. splendens and niclosamide resulted in a mortality of 100% among the snails collected in the streams A and B. No dead snails were found in the negative control stream. A monthly follow-up survey conducted during three consecutive months confirmed the return of vectors to both experimental streams treated with latex and niclosamide. This fact has called for a need to repeat application in order to reach the snails that remained buried in the mud substrate or escaped to the water edge, as well as, newly hatched snails that did not respond to the concentration of these molluscicides. Adults snails collected a month following treatment led us to believe that they had migrate from untreated areas of the streams to those previously treated

  11. Nudged-elastic band method with two climbing images: finding transition states in complex energy landscapes

    CERN Document Server

    Zarkevich, Nikolai A

    2014-01-01

    The nudged-elastic band (NEB) method is modified with concomitant two climbing images (C2-NEB) to find a transition state (TS) in complex energy landscapes, such as those with serpentine minimal energy path (MEP). If a single climbing image (C1-NEB) successfully finds the TS, C2-NEB finds it with higher stability and accuracy. However, C2-NEB is suitable for more complex cases, where C1-NEB misses the TS because the MEP and NEB directions near the saddle point are different. Generally, C2-NEB not only finds the TS but guarantees that the climbing images approach it from the opposite sides along the MEP, and it estimates accuracy from the three images: the highest-energy one and its climbing neighbors. C2-NEB is suitable for fixed-cell NEB and the generalized solid-state NEB (SS-NEB).

  12. A GEOPOLITICAL STAKE: REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE EURASIAN UNION

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea-Cristian Ghenghea

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a comparative analysis of how Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania handled the process of nation-building, finding their self in their new reality which was no longer created and manipulated by the Soviets since their breakaway from the USSR. To do so, this paper suggests an ingenious method of the identity politics analysis which focuses on the importance of the so-called “lieux de mémoire” or “meaning-full places” for people. Monuments and statues are good examples of such plac...

  13. Deathbed visions from the Republic of Moldova: a content analysis of family observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellehear, Allan; Pogonet, Vadim; Mindruta-Stratan, Rodica; Gorelco, Victor

    This is an interview-based study of 102 families and their observations of the last weeks and days of a dying family member. Forty-one families reported hearing about "visions," "hallucinations," or "dreams" from their dying loved one before their death. Of these 41 mixed cases, 37 cases demonstrated classic features of deathbed visions-reports of seeing dead relatives or friends communicating to the dying person. This article reports a content analysis of these 37 cases in order to identify the major psychosocial themes that seem to be conveyed by these kinds of experiences. Six major themes are identified. These themes are: support, comfort, companionship, reunion, prognosis, and choice and control. Implications of these themes are discussed in relation to their role in providing significant support for the psychological morale and social well being of dying people.

  14. Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova. Monographs on Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiron, Stefan; Arion, Valentin; Paiu, Mihai; Scalini, Vitalie; Stan, Victor

    This monograph parallels others in the "Monographs" series, allowing easy comparisons among the higher education systems of Europe. The volume describes the development of the higher education system in the Republic of Moldava and analyzes its legislative framework and administrative structures. It outlines steps on the academic career ladder and…

  15. PREFERENCE FOR DOMESTIC GOODS: A STUDY OF CONSUMER ETHNOCENTRISM IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela CAZACU

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available International trade has a significant role in the world economy. That is why it is a challenging task to understand the consumers’ minds, particularly when the consumption of imported products is regarded. This article attempts to explore Moldovan consumer ethnocentric tendencies. For attaining this goal, a self-administered questionnaire was delivered, using CETSCALE. There were obtained 113 complete and usable responses. The data from the study point out that the Moldovan consumers tend to be moderately ethnocentric. This tendency is distributed uniformly amongst socio-demographic groups selected for this research.

  16. Physico-chemical and antioxidant properties of two medicinal wild plants grown in Moldova region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorina Ropciuc

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The major objective of this study is to report physico-chemical (moisture, ash, protein, total phenolic compounds and ascorbic acid and the antioxidant properties of methanol extracts of nettle (Urtica dioica L. and typical romaine spice "leurda" (Allium ursinum, wild garlic fresh and dried. The antioxidant properties of methanol extract of medicinal herbs were evaluated using free radical scavenging test. The phenols were extracted from the medicinal plants with methanol solvent and were quantified by the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The ascorbic acid content varied between 77.94 mg/100g in the fresh Urtica dioica L. and 39.55 from fresh Allium ursinum. The results showed that the total phenolic compounds in all medicinal plants decreased along processing. These results suggest that the medicinal plants sample extract with highest polyphenolic content will indicates the possibility of using them  as ingredients in functional foods.

  17. THE CREATION OF THE FOOD SECURITY SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena CONDREA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Food security has a complex determination which is dependent both on the agricultural sector policies and on the general macroeconomic framework, the revenue sharing policies, fiscal policies, social, commercial policies, etc.The concept of food security determines the main directions of the policy that favors the population’ welfare,poverty overcoming, changing of the consumption structure, demographic development, human health protection and improvement. In order to assure the foodstuffs of plant origin it was necessary to sow 741808, 85 hectares in 2012 year. The livestock of hens needed to assure the production of eggs for internal consumption, incubation and quantity of meat for 2012 year is 14, 5 million capita. The livestock of pigs needed to assure pork for consumption and the livestock for reproduction and export is 440076, 45 capita.

  18. Food Consumption Frequency at Students from Rural Areas from Moldova Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Zepca

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Our study aim to evaluate the characteristics of nutrition behavior at teenagers from Moldova’s rural area schools in order to make a profile of risk behavior related to diet and to implement efficient community intervention programs.

  19. EVALUATION OF THE ECONOMIC SITUATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE REGIONAL COMPARISON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zinovia TOACA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research in question is to monitor the evolution of the Moldovan economy at the macroeconomic level during the transition to a market economy and to follow the road of it compared to other emerging countries. Research methodology is to select the top countries published by the UNDP (Human Development Report and compare the results obtained from countries in transition to a market economy by the indicator of Gross Domestic Product (GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP constant 2011 international $. The results correspond to the purpose of evaluating throughout our country compared to other developing countries in the period 1990-2012, without reference to the causes for which influenced their evolution.

  20. Motivations of Students to Study Abroad: A Case Study of Moldova

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pirgaru, Valeria; Turcan, Romeo V.

    In this paper we explore students’ motivations to study abroad. A decision to study abroad is not only a complex decision-making process a student goes through, but at the same time is among the most significant and expensive initiatives a student undertakes. Specifically we explore push and pull...... support to a certain degree earlier studies on students’ motivations to study abroad, but also provide new, alternative insights into this decision-making process. We also discuss implications for internationalization of companies to emerging economies and home institutions and conclude by providing...

  1. ASPECTE PRIVIND AUDITUL PERFORMANŢEI ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulia CAPRIAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Auditul performanţei se concentrează pe determinarea faptului dacă activităţile, proiectele / programele / procesele se desfăşoară conform principiilor economicităţii, eficienţei şi eficacităţii şi dacă mai este loc pentru îmbunătăţiri. Acesta se realizează prin compararea performanţei în funcţie de setul de criterii prestabilite, precum şi prin analiza cauzelor ce determină apariţia problemelor sau devierilor de la aceste criterii, scopul principal fiind de a răspunde unor întrebări-cheie ale auditului şi de a furniza recomandări cu privire la îmbunătăţirile care se pot face.CERTAIN ASPECTS OF PERFORMANCE AUDIT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAPerformance auditing focuses on determining whether the activities, projects / programs / processes are conducted according to the principles of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and whether there is room for improvement; it is conducted by comparing performance on the basis of set criteria, as well as by analysis of the causes of the emergence of problems or deviations from these criteria, the main purpose being to answer certain key questions relevant for the audit and provide recommendations on improvements that can be made.

  2. THE RUSSIAN SUBDIALECT OF THE VILLAGE KUNICHI OF THE FLORESHTSKIY REGION OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. L. Kasatkin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes word formation, phonetics, morphology and syntax of the Old Believers’ subdialect and includes a list of dialectal words in this variety of Russian. The features of the Old Believers’s dialect have specific distribution over the area of the European part ofRussia; the majority of them occur in the South-East dialectal zone.

  3. The Middle Miocene of the Fore-Carpathian Basin (Poland, Ukraine and Moldova)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wysocka, Anna; Radwański, Andrzej; Górka, Marcin; Bąbel, Maciej; Radwańska, Urszula; Złotnik, Michał

    2016-09-01

    Studies of Miocene sediments in the Fore-Carpathian Basin, conducted by geologists from the University of Warsaw have provided new insights on the distribution of the facies infilling the basin, particularly in the forebulge and back-bulge zones. The origin of the large-scale sand bodies, evaporitic deposits and large-scale organic buildups is discussed, described and verified. These deposits originated in variable, shallow marine settings, differing in their water chemistry and the dynamics of sedimentary processes, and are unique with regard to the fossil assemblages they yield. Many years of taxonomic, biostratigraphic, palaeoecologic and ecotaphonomic investigations have resulted in the identification of the fossil assemblages of these sediments, their age, sedimentary settings and post-mortem conditions. Detailed studies were focused on corals, polychaetes, most classes of molluscs, crustaceans, echinoderms, and fishes.

  4. 77 FR 39254 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Belarus, China, Indonesia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-02

    ..., Deputy Agency Ethics Official, at 202-205-3088. Limited disclosure of business proprietary information... Ukraine; Institution of Five-Year Reviews Concerning the Antidumping Duty Orders on Steel Concrete... determine whether revocation of the antidumping duty orders on steel concrete reinforcing bar from Belarus...

  5. THE PERSPECTIVE OF CULTIVATION AND UTILIZATION OF THE NEW LEGUMINOUS GRASSES SPECIES IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru TELEUŢĂ

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The development and modernization of our country’s agriculture is related to the revitalization of the animal breeding sector along with the implementation of new genotypes of animals and diversification of fodder production, balanced in terms of quantity and quality throughout the year, suitable for the physiological requirements of animals, and qualitative products as required in the market. Scientific research conducted in the Botanical Garden (Institute of the ASM over decades was aimed at mobilization, improvement and implementation of new non-traditional plant species that use efficiently photosynthetic active radiation and land resources to obtain fodder with a high level of vegetable protein, the fodder leguminous grasses (fam. Fabaceae Lindl. play an important role. We have studied the biological peculiarities, productivity, chemical composition and nutritional value of new fodder leguminous plant species Astragalus galegiformis, Onobrychis inermis and Medicago tianschanica of the collection of non-traditional fodder plants of the Botanical Garden (Institute of the ASM, the traditional forage crop alfalfa served as control variant. The nutritional value of fresh mass accounts: the Astragalus galegiformis - 0.27 nutritive units, 3.26 MJ metabolizable energy and 146g digestible protein/nutritive unit; Onobrychis inermis - 0.25 nutritive units, 2.56 MJ metabolizable energy and 154 g digestible protein/nutritive unit; Medicago tianschanica - 0.24 nutritive units, 2.86 MJ metabolizable energy and 173 g digestible protein/nutritive unit and alfalfa - 0.21 nutritive units, 2.28 MJ metabolizable energy and 164 g digestible protein/nutritive unit. Due to the productivity and high and stable quality of fodder, use of the plantation for a long period of time, capacity of fixing atmospheric nitrogen, the new fodder leguminous species Astragalus galegiformis, Onobrychis inermis and Medicago tianschanica can serve as initial material for enriching the range of forage crops.

  6. A Solution to Moldova’s Transdniestrian Conflict: Regional Complex Interdependence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-01

    governments regulate and control transnational and interstate relations.116 In fact, while the internal part of the conflict resolution should be... feminism , peace studies, and post-modernism, but does not fully reflect any of them. Constructivism rejects the ontological assumptions of both realism

  7. Within the media earshot: national ideas in the Republic of Moldova prior to the 2016 election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onoriu COLĂCEL

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available A decade-old war of words is raging in the Moldovan media, amid renewed calls for the country to denounce the association agreement with the EU. Igor Dodon’s win in the runoff of the presidential election on 13 November 2016 fuelled the dispute about whether the country should remain on its European course or not. As always, propaganda wars and the ethnic background of those involved in the debate never fail to capture the imagination of foreign media. However, local audiences make choices that fall outside the modes of expression perceived as being popular with the major players in the information market of the RM: the Russian Federation, Romania, the Chisinau elites and the EU. The media-related communication of the Moldovans shows that their beliefs about nationalism are not necessarily shaped by the reception of Romanian or Russian-language media. Instead, their responses to media exposure point to poor national mobilisation.

  8. Transforming for Multinational Operations: A Study of the National Army of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    0704-0188), 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision...Riedel, RTO-TR-HFM-120, Multinational Military Operations and Intercultural Factors, November 2008, https://www.cso.nato.int/pubs/rdp.asp?RDP=RTO-TR...L. Riedel. RTO-TR-HFM-120, Multinational Military Operations and Intercultural Factors, November 2008. https://www.cso.nato.int/pubs/rdp.asp?RDP=RTO

  9. Evolution of Transdniestrian Conflict in the Republic of Moldova: Prospects for Its Solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    Presedintele Parlamentului moldovean a reiterat optiunea guvernarii pentru aderarea la Uniunea Rusia - belorus,” BASSA-PRESS, Aril, 3, 2003, available...Ucraina sau Rusia , are multe interese in Republica Moldova…,” FLUX, December1, 2003, available at http://www.azi.md/news?ID=26873, last accessed 05/07...organizations. In 162 “ Rusia se situaza pe primul loc dupa volumul sumar al investitiilor in capitalul

  10. The Demographic Situation in the Northern Economic Region of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SERGIU BACIU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The demographic situation within the Northern Economic Region is worse than the national average. This fact is determined by the decrease of the birth rate values, the increase of the mortality values and the negative natural and migration growth. They also lead to a change of the rate between age groups, in favour of the elderly. In order to diminish such a situation, urgent measures should be taken (policies for economic increase and income increase at local, department and regional level, to stop the deep demographic crisis of the region.

  11. Human trafficking - the hows and whys with a focus on Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Virtanen, Tiitta; Kristoffersen, Simone; Bruun, Camilla; Raasthøj Hansen, Marie; B. L. Rasmussen, Louise

    2009-01-01

    Abstract/Summary: In this project we have attempted to uncover how globalization has affected trafficking of women for prostitution. We have also investigated how the objectified view on women plays a big role concerning trafficking. We have investigated the course of trafficking, and in addition, on what basis trafficking occurs, how it unfolds and what is done to prevent it. We have used feminist theory to explain the sexual exploitation of women, and compared two NGOs to show what is do...

  12. THE NATURAL COLD ACCUMULATOR AND VACUUM INSTALLATION FOR MILK COOLING IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cretu V.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on theoretical and experimental research of the milk cooling process was elaborated mathematical model of accumulator with natural cold and vacuum installations, which allows determining the operating system installations, mentioned from environmental parameters.

  13. AGROCHEMICAL SERVICE OF AGRICULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: PAST AND PRESENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara LEAH

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the brief history of the agrochemical service development and its importance for Moldovan agriculture. According to this study, agrochemical service assisted methodical agriculture in the period 1956-1990. In this period were created 33 specialized laboratories were established long- and short-term experiments to test the mineral and organic fertilizers, were performed 4 cycles agrochemical soil mapping. According to the results was determined the balance of nutrients in soils, were developed soil agrochemical research for farms. After 1990 agrochemical cyclic mapping is not performed, the soils are fragmented into many plots, land degradation has accelerated. In this context agricultural policies are targeted at land consolidation, implementing action plans include measures to halt land degradation and land protection.

  14. EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE OF SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP IN THE LABOUR FIELD: PERSPECTIVES FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Nicolaescu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available European integration is not a slogan, a political discourse or a foundation for the political platform of political parties. European integration includes concrete directives of action to be taken into account by all states. One of the most important of them might be considered the social partnership in the labour field. Under current circumstances, the need to study relations established within social partnership, factors contributing to social dialogue development and fulfillment of social partnership potential within existing political and socio-economic reforms increased. Analysis of European dimension of Moldovan social partnership evolution is essential for further democratization of labour field and European perspectives of the country.

  15. EVOLUTION AND STRATEGY OF POULTRY PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zinaida BARBACARU (Pistol,

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Poultry farming is a strategic branch of the livestock sector with high potential recovery in a short period of time. Today poultry farming in our country is developed in three basic systems: industrial-intensive, household-intensive and household-extensive, more importance and priority being given to intensive-industry system, the share of which in the production of eggs and meat consumption, is 50-60% of the total volume of poultry production. Intensive-industrial system is characteristic of poultry factories using biological material with valuable productive potential, are equipped with modern technological equipment, which ensures increasing the rate of production and delivery of eggs and meat, poultry achieve high production, reducing costs per unit production. In this system annually will produce 25-30 thousand tons of meat, 280-350 million eggs for consumption, including 100-150 million eggs for export. The household-intensive system is specific for small and medium farms is characteristic of which optimal dimension is considered of 1-10 thousand laying hens or up to 20-40 thousand chickens bred for meat. Household-extensive system is specific for individual poultry farms; the production obtained was mainly used to ensure family needs.

  16. Internationalization of Higher Education in Post-Soviet Small States: Realities and Perspectives of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushnarenko, Valentyna; Cojocari, Ludmila

    2012-01-01

    Internationalization of higher education has become a priority for many universities in post-Soviet small states. Focusing on international communication networks, student mobility, or international curriculum development, universities invest human and financial resources to prepare graduates to meet global challenges. Globalization and…

  17. Trigonist sündis Avaron / Kristel Kivinurm-Priisalm ; interv. Jaanika Merilo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivinurm-Priisalm, Kristel

    2007-01-01

    Varahaldusettevõtte Avaron tegevjuht Kristel Kivinurm-Priisalm vastab investeerimispangast Trigon Capital lahkumist, varahaldusfirma Avaron loomist ja juhtimist ning tulevikku puudutavatele küsimustele

  18. Estonian Airi käekäik on meie enda kätes / Juhan Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Logistikauudiste online intervjuu raames vastas majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister küsimustele, mis puudutasid Estonian Airi tulevikku ning riigi panust logistika- ja transpordisektorisse järgmisel aastal

  19. Joakim Helenius näeb Eesti piimanduses suuri võimalusi / Silja Lättemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lättemäe, Silja, 1952-

    2012-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline investeerimispankur Joakim Helenius on Trigon Agri nõukogu esimees. Omades kindlat usku Eesti piimanduse edukasse tulevikku, tahab ta rajada siia Euroopa Liidu suurima ja moodsaima farmikompleksi

  20. Toomas Hendrik Ilvese nägemus presidendi esmastest ülesannetest / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Toomas Hendrik Ilvese põhimõtted, millest lähtuks tema tegevus presidendiks saades. Kommenteerib Rahvaliidu esimees Villu Reiljan. Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 16. sept. 2006, lk. 2,2; Äripäev 18. sept. 2006, lk. 35, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Pärnu Postimees, Hiiu Leht, Sakala 19. sept. 2006, lk. 15,4,2, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Koit 19. sept. 2006, lk. 6, pealk.: Vaade on suunatud tulevikku; Meie Maa 20. sept. 2006, lk. 2, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Vesti Nedeli Den za Dnjom 22. sept. 2006, lk. 20. Ajal. Koit kommenteerib Rahvaliidu teabejuht Agu Uudelepp

  1. Toomas Hendrik Ilvese nägemus presidendi esmastest ülesannetest / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Toomas Hendrik Ilvese põhimõtted, millest lähtuks tema tegevus presidendiks saades. Kommenteerib Rahvaliidu esimees Villu Reiljan. Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 16. sept. 2006, lk. 2,2; Äripäev 18. sept. 2006, lk. 35, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Pärnu Postimees, Hiiu Leht, Sakala 19. sept. 2006, lk. 15,4,2, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Koit 19. sept. 2006, lk. 6, pealk.: Vaade on suunatud tulevikku; Meie Maa 20. sept. 2006, lk. 2, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Vesti Nedeli Den za Dnjom 22. sept. 2006, lk. 20. Ajal. Koit kommenteerib Rahvaliidu teabejuht Agu Uudelepp

  2. EL-i eriesindaja usub lahendusse Transnistrias / Kalman Mizsei ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mizsei, Kalman

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu eriesindaja Moldovas ütleb, et Moldova liigub aeglaselt EL-i standardite poole ja Eesti on toetanud Moldovat ning koos Ukrainaga leitakse lahendus Transnistria probleemile. Vt. samas: Marianne Mikko. Moldova rikastub

  3. Uus keelenimetus ärritab Rumeeniat / Ingrid Cristea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cristea, Ingrid

    2007-01-01

    Moldova otsustas seal kõneldavat rumeenia keele dialekti nimetada edaspidi moldova keeleks, Rumeenia ei tunnista moldova keele olemasolu. Euroopa Parlamendi liige Roberta Anastase hinnangul peab Euroopa Komisjon tunnistama ainult rumeenia keelt

  4. Uus keelenimetus ärritab Rumeeniat / Ingrid Cristea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cristea, Ingrid

    2007-01-01

    Moldova otsustas seal kõneldavat rumeenia keele dialekti nimetada edaspidi moldova keeleks, Rumeenia ei tunnista moldova keele olemasolu. Euroopa Parlamendi liige Roberta Anastase hinnangul peab Euroopa Komisjon tunnistama ainult rumeenia keelt

  5. Kas omakeelsel haridusel ja teadusel on tulevikku? / Kirsti Siitonen, Jolanta Zabarskaite, Josep Soler-Carbonell, Rainer Enrique Hamel ; intervjueerinud Peep Nemvalts ; tõlkinud Doris Kareva, Aili Künstler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    TLÜ teaduskeelekeskus korraldas koos TLÜ eesti keele ja kultuuri instituudiga 29. ja 30. augustil rahvusvahelise konverentsi "Rahvuskeeled teaduses ja kõrghariduses". Sel teemal vastavad TLÜ teaduskeelekeskuse juhataja Peep Nemvaltsi küsimustele konverentsi rahvusvahelised esinejad

  6. Kas omakeelsel haridusel ja teadusel on tulevikku? / Kirsti Siitonen, Jolanta Zabarskaite, Josep Soler-Carbonell, Rainer Enrique Hamel ; intervjueerinud Peep Nemvalts ; tõlkinud Doris Kareva, Aili Künstler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    TLÜ teaduskeelekeskus korraldas koos TLÜ eesti keele ja kultuuri instituudiga 29. ja 30. augustil rahvusvahelise konverentsi "Rahvuskeeled teaduses ja kõrghariduses". Sel teemal vastavad TLÜ teaduskeelekeskuse juhataja Peep Nemvaltsi küsimustele konverentsi rahvusvahelised esinejad

  7. Aşezarea tripoliană tardivă de lângă satul Voloviţa (raionul Soroca, Republica Moldova / Late Tripolian settlement near the village of Voloviţa (Soroca District, Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Ţerna

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article publishes the materials from the surface of a new Late Tripolian settlement in the Middle Dniester region. Apart from pottery, the abundance of stone implements is quite remarkable. The analysis of the structure and typology of chipped stone artifacts points towards a large-scaled flint processing on the site. It is possible, that this settlement, dated with the Vykhvatintsy stage, specialized in the production of stone tools, and the final products were transported to other sites within a complex system of economic interrelations.

  8. 77 FR 6191 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ... 10 Sep 1997; Driver's License No. 04900377 (Moldova) issued 2 Jul 2004; Stateless Person Passport C000375 (Moldova) issued 9 Sep 2000; Refugee ID Card A88000043 (Moldova) issued 16 Dec 2005; Stateless Person ID Card CC00200261 (Moldova) issued 9 Sep 2000 (individual) . 2. BOZTEPE, Omer, DOB 01 Jan...

  9. TAXONOMIC DIVERSITY AND THE ROLE OF ALGAEFLORA FOR BIOLOGICAL DEPURATION OF WATERS FROM RIVER COGÂLNIC (R. MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SALARU VICTOR

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available During 2004-2005 there were performed studies regarding the taxonomic structure of the algaeflora in river Cogâlnic in order to point out the role of the algae during the process of water quality improvement and the role of the indicator of the most representative species. River Cogâlnic, or Cunduc, starts from nearby village Iurceni, district Nisporeni and flows into lake Sasac, and runs for a distance of 243 km. Decrease of the analyzed water quality from the river is caused by the sewerage waters from different sectors from town Hinceshti and Cimishlia that are directed into the river without any depuration. We've studied about 118 samples in which we've discovered about 382 species and intraspecific taxonomic units of algae of the following types: Cyanophyta -73, Euglenophyta-75, Chlorophyta-111, Xantophyta-3, Bacillariophyta-118 and Chrysophyta-2. Mass development of the euglena within Colgalnic river, among which are the following types of species Euglena-26, Trachelomonas-14 and Phacus-13, demonstrate a high level of trophicity in water. Among the chloride algae predominate the following species Scenedesmus-21, and from cyanophyta species predominates Oscillatoria-23. The high taxonomic level of the bacillariophyta algae is determined by species as Navicula-27, Nitzschia-24 and Surirella-16. Most of species refer to categories β and β-α , demonstrating a high level of water pollution. This fact speaks about the high concentration of nitrogen and phosphor compounds in water. It was demonstrated that as far as we go from the places were the sewerage waters flow into the river, the excessive quantities of biological elements decrease clearly. Also, go down the quantity of bicarbonates and oxidizers. Numeric growth of the algae is nothing else but a positive role for water depuration.

  10. REPUBLICA MOLDOVA NU POATE RĂMÂNE ÎN AFARA PROCESULUI INTEGRAŢIONIST EUROPEAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Smochina

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Taking into account the very reality pertaining to the upsurge of the European integrating process in tight connections with the political, scientific and spiritual efforts of our society aimed at engaging ourselves in the European dialogue, we cannot but become aware of the factual confrontation with a scenario – unfolding aftermath, with manifestations that yet might seem undetected by many citizens.

  11. Open Government as a Tool to Develop School Choice and School Performance: Analysis of Situation in Republic of Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascanean, Ludmila

    2014-01-01

    The Open Government Partnership is an international initiative, committing governments to its principles of transparency. This article examines how it can advance the topic of freedom of educational choice, as it emphasizes the importance of parents' involvement in the decision-making process at the school level. The article is based on the…

  12. Economic and Geografical Aspects of Water Use in the Prut River Basin (The sector of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru Bacal

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research consists in the elucidation of spatial and economic aspects of the water use in the Prut river basin. The main topics presented in this paper are: 1 the dynamics of water use; 2 spatial and branch profile of water use and its dynamics: 3 existing problems in the evaluation and monitoring of water use; 5 efficiency of the implementation of economic instruments of water management. To achieve these objectives were used traditional methods of geographical and economic research. Also, the content of the present study is focused on the methodology to elaborate the management plans of hydrographical basins and their chapters on the status of water resources and water bodies and on economic analysis of water use in the Prut river basin.

  13. EVOLUTIONARY ASPECTS OF THE WELFARE OF THE RURAL POPULATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND THEIR MOTIVATIONAL IMPLICATIONS

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    Veronica PRISACARU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is focused on the issue of rural population incomes, their evolution, and changes in their structure that occurred in the period 2006-2012. It was performed a comparative analysis of the ratio between the available income per capita and subsistence minimum in rural and urban areas, and based on this, it was highlighted the gap between the welfare of urban and rural population. The result of the study proved that despite positive tendencies in reducing rural poverty, rural population income is still very low, without reaching the subsistence minimum. This fact, along with other negative aspects (reduced share of income from employment, increased share of social allowances and remittances leads to the decrease of the motivational effects of work payment and income from agricultural activity. Thus, it is obvious, that along with government social programs, to have more effective state actions targeted to business development in rural areas and hence creating new workplaces.

  14. International Scholarship Graduates Influencing Social and Economic Development at Home: The Role of Alumni Networks in Georgia and Moldova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Anne C.

    2016-01-01

    Many students from low- and middle-income countries seek scholarship support to pursue higher education overseas. Often scholarship programs mandate that recipients "give back" to their home countries following their studies so scholars "apply" their experiences to aid their countries of origin. In this comparative qualitative…

  15. Realities and Prospects of Regulating Human Trafficking for Labour Exploitation and Forced Labour in Republic of Moldova

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    Diana Ionita

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The analytical survey on research and trial of cases on human trafficking and those related to trafficking (for the period 2006-2009 has ascertained that in 29% of all the cases on child trafficking (Article 206, Penal Code, children were subjected to labour exploitation or forced labour, and in 32% of all the cases on human trafficking, people were subjected to labour exploitation or forced labour. Notwithstanding this, of all the criminal cases on child trafficking submitted to court, prosecutors demanded that the actions of the perpetrators should be reclassified under Article 168 of the Penal Code in 6.5% of cases, whereas in 13% the court reclassified the actions after it examined the substance of the case. If we refer to the same indexes but in the context of human trafficking, prosecutors reclassified 4% of cases under Article 168 of the Penal Code, whereas courts reclassified the actions of the perpetrators based on other components of crime, including forced labour, in 30% of cases.

  16. Political and Military Challenges of the Republic of Moldova in the Context of Security in the Black Sea Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Institute “Alexandru cel Bun,” 2007 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS IN SECURITY STUDIES...Hub of Smuggling and Trafficking,” Journalistic Investigation Center (Romanian Version), http://www.investigatii.md/eng/index.php? art =221. 24...Day War in Georgia,” Historia ro, http://www.historia.ro/exclusiv_web/general/articol/razboiul-sase-zile-georgia. 60

  17. ESTIMATION OF THE MINING – WORK IMPACT ON SOIL, WATER AND AIR OF MOLDOVA NOUĂ, DISTRICT CARAŞ-SEVERIN

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    D. Beutura

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Most of the mine explotation were made in a period when their impact on the environment was given less importance and the norms concerning environmental protection was relatively few. The result obtained in this study reveals that the greatest impact of the water and soil are the scatered powder from the spoil banks and the heavy metals some of th heavy metals, like Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd into the soil, exceeded the intervention threshold.If the air pollution is not important, the pollution of water was founded in the river Boşneag.

  18. Suitability for use of open market operations as a main tool of monetary control by the National bank of Moldova

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    Larisa MISTREAN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The open-market have become the main instrument of monetary control in the developed countries, increased flexibility offered, from the point of view of volume of the monetary policy operations initiated by the central bank. They permit the establishment of impersonal relations between market participants, as well as inefficiency and to avoid market and of the economy, as a result of the direct control.

  19. Relationship between functional movement screen scores, core strength, posture, and body mass index in school children in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Ulrike H; Johnson, A Wayne; Adamson, Brynn

    2015-05-01

    The assessment of functionality should include parameters that consider postural control, limb asymmetries, range of motion limitations, proprioceptive deficits, and pain. An increasingly popular battery of tests, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), is purported to assess the above named parameters. The purpose of our study was twofold: (a) to report differences in total FMS scores in children, provide preliminary normative reference values of each of the 7 individual FMS scores for both genders and report on asymmetries and (b) to evaluate the relationship between total FMS scores, age, body mass index (BMI), core strength/stability, and postural angles to explore the possibility of using the FMS in the assessment of children's functional fitness. Descriptive data on 77 children aged 8-11 years were collected. The children performed core strength/stability exercises. Photographs were taken from a lateral view for later calculation of postural angles. The children performed the FMS while being videotaped for later review. The average total FMS score (of 21) was 14.9 (+1.9), and BMI was 16.4 (+2.2). Static posture is not related to results of the FMS. Core strength was positively correlated to the total FMS score (r = 0.31; p = 0.006). Over 60% demonstrated at least 1 asymmetry. The individual test scores indicate that none of the test items is too difficult for the children. Based on the screen's correlation to core strength, and the fact that it identifies areas of asymmetry, we suggest to further investigate its possible use in the assessment of children's functional fitness.

  20. Performances and Deficiencies of the Regulation of the Phenomenon of Family Violence in the Republic of Moldova

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    Diana Ionita

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The family protection and support, the development and consolidation of family solidarity, basedon friendship, affection, moral and material encouragement of family members is a national goal. The acts ofviolence among members of one family can seriously affect the very existence of the family, frequentlycausing the dismemberment of it. The deeply harmful effects of violence among members of one family, bothfor them and for society, as well as the recrudescence of such violent acts imposed as a major priority theprevention and combating of this form of the violence. Family violence is a social problem and, at the sametime, a serious violation of human rights, being exercised in different forms: the punishment of minors, therestriction of the woman’s (man’s independence, the non-respect of the rights, feelings, opinions,expectations of the woman (man, violence among brothers, abuse against elderly family members etc.. It isalso a social relation whose consequences cannot be ignored at the level of political decision, from theperspective of accession to the European Union’s structures of our country.