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Sample records for modena province public

  1. Sustained public preferences on hospital performance across Canadian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval, Guillermo A; Barnsley, Jan; Berta, Whitney; Murray, Michael; Brown, Adalsteinn D

    2007-10-01

    To compare the Canadian public's view of various components of hospital performance at two points in time, and to investigate differences across provinces. Random telephone interviews were conducted across Canada in 2001 and again in 2004. Respondents were asked to rate the importance of 10 aspects of hospital performance including coordination, skills of providers, the use of technology, medical errors, and waiting times. Aggregate importance scores were estimated in 2001 and 2004 and compared using t-tests. Provincial comparisons were investigated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with a Bonferroni correction of 0.005 (0.05/10). The covariates were sex, age, marital status, education, working status, and income. Public preferences were similar across provinces and consistent over the two periods; however, respondents from Quebec showed a pattern somewhat different in each year and over time. Overall, the importance scores in Quebec tended to be lower than those from the other provinces. Respondents from all provinces except Quebec ascribed the greatest value to 'skill of medical staff' in 2001 and 2004. Those from Quebec, however, gave the highest rating to 'skill of medical staff' in 2001 and 'medical errors' in 2004; the latter climbed from the 8th to the 1st place over time. All respondents gave 'waiting time for a non-emergency surgical procedure' the lowest score in both years, although its importance score increased a significant 18% between 2001 and 2004 excluding the responses from Quebec. Significant covariates were sex, marital status, and education. Public preferences can help inform the work of health care policy and decision makers, particularly that related to resource allocation decisions.

  2. [Various aspects of voluntary abortion at the Obstetrical and Gynecological Clinic of the University of Modena].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucchi, M G; Masellis, G; Colombarini, M P; Barbanti-Silva, C; Citti, V; Trianni, G

    1980-01-01

    Abortion became legal in Italy in May 1978. At the Obstetrical and Gynecological Clinic of the University of Modena, Italy, 2029 interventions were done between June 1978 and August 1979. During the same period of time there was a constant decrease in the number of deliveries and in the number of spontaneous abortions, in reality, illegally induced abortions. The abortion method used within the 1st 90 days of pregnancy was vacuum aspiration under local anesthesia. The largest group of abortion seekers was between 21-26 years of age, and about 46.3% came from the city of Modena itself. 55.9% of women were professionals, and 44.1% nonprofessionals; of these 71.8% were housewives, mostly married to factory workers. About 63% of women were married; 31.8% were nulliparous, 27.7% were primiparous, 40.5% were multiparous; 79.9% had never had an abortion before. 74.6% of certificates for abortion had been given by one of the public family health centers. 73.4% of patients were hospitalized for 1 day only; 22.9% for 2 days. There were 40 cases of complications, or 1.98%, mostly bleeding. There were only 17 cases of interruption of pregnancy after the 90th day, or 0.83% of the total; 10 cases were for eugenic reasons, and 7 because of the psychological health of the mother. Of all the other instances 35.9% of causes for abortion were of a socioeconomic order, 36.2% because of family reasons, 20.9% because of health reasons. Method of contraception used was coitus interruptus in 88.9% of patients, spermicidal agents in 2.7% of cases, and the condom for 1.9%.

  3. Recommendations for Construction and Management of Ecological Public Welfare Forest in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang XUE; Renhui HONG; Dunxi LI; Zhipan LIN; Xiaoyan WANG; Shaofeng SU

    2016-01-01

    This paper firstly evaluated ecological service functions of ecological public welfare forest in Hainan Province. Then,it introduced value structure and existing problems of ecological service functions. Focusing on optimization and adjustment of scale and distribution of ecological public welfare forest,it came up with recommendations for construction and management of ecological public welfare forest in Hainan Province.

  4. Indoor air quality in the university libraries of Modena (Italy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fantuzzi, Guglielmina; Aggazzotti, Gabriella; Righi, Elena; Cavazzuti, Lucia; Predieri, Guerrino [Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Sezione di Igiene e Microbiologia, Universitadi Modena, Modena (Italy); Franceschelli, Armando [Servizio di Igiene Pubblica Azienda, USL Modena, Modena (Italy)

    1996-11-29

    We carried out a survey in 16 libraries of the University of Modena, Northern Italy, to assess the indoor exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including formaldehyde, and total dusts. Data were collected on the main structural characteristics of the buildings; indoor microclimate parameters, such as temperature, relative humidity and ventilation rate were measured and air samples taken inside and outside the libraries. The mean value of total dusts was 190{+-}130 {mu}g/m{sup 3} with a wide range of values. Formaldehyde was found in only ten out of 16 libraries and the indoor concentrations ranged from 1.70 to 67.8 {mu}g/m{sup 3} with an average value of 32.7{+-}23.9 {mu}g/m{sup 3}. On the whole, VOCs were present in all the libraries investigated with an average value of 433{+-}267 {mu}g/m{sup 3} (range 102-936 {mu}g/m{sup 3}). No correlation was found among VOCs, formaldehyde and total dusts nor was a significant association observed with microclimatic parameters or the structural characteristics of the buildings. The general situation found in this study suggests no major problems related to indoor pollution. However, some of the pollutants investigated such as total dust and total VOCs deserve further investigation. It is important to identify the possible sources of contaminants and to define the relationship between indoor and outdoor levels of pollutants more accurately, taking into account the effects of air recycling due to natural ventilation systems

  5. Geo-archaeological aspects of the Modena plain (Northern Italy

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    Doriano Castaldini

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper traces the various stages of geomorphological evolution of the plain area around Modena from the VIth millennium B.C.E. (Neolithic to the Present, through a reconstruction of the ancient landscape and human settlements.By means of a GIS platform, geomorphological investigations led to the implementation of a Microrelief Map, a Digital Elevation Model (DEM, a Map of Surface Deposits and a Geomorphological Map.The most striking altimetric features in the study area are the morphological changes of the Rivers Secchia and Panaro: south of Modena they run deep in the alluvial plain whereas north of the town they flow elevated over the plain. The surface lithology consists mainly of silt, with bands of sand and clay; mainly gravel deposits crop out only near southern tracks of the main Apennine watercourses. The geomorphological landscape is mainly characterised by alluvial fans, fluvial ridges paleo-riverbeds fluvial scarps, natural springs and some depressed areas; worth of note are also forms connected with human activity.There have been several attempts to cross–date geological and geomorphological evidence with archaeological data, on both detailed and wide territorial scales. A further advancement can now be attempted by comparing data obtained from systematic research on fluvial forms with data contained in the archives.In the area studied, some 800 archaeological sites were identified and catalogued. Such a high number of archaeological sites can give a great deal more information than is found in any other place in northern Italy.The research took into account the overlapping of archaeological and geomorphological data, with the implementation into a GIS (ArcGis 8.3 of geoarchaeological maps divided in main periods and here represented from the Neolithic to the to Iron Age and from Roman period to the Early Middle Ages. The dating thus obtained for fluvial forms was mainly based on the relationship between these forms and

  6. The Requirement for Vocational Skills in the Engineering Industry in the Areas of Modena and Vienna. Synthesis Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatti, Mario; Mereu, Maria Grazia; Tagliaferro, Claudio; Markowitsch, Jorg; Neuberger, Robert

    Requirements for vocational skills in the engineering industry in Modena, Italy, and Vienna, Austria, were studied. In Modena, employees of a representative sample of 90 small, medium, and large firms in the mechanical processing, agricultural machinery, and sports car manufacturing sectors were interviewed. In Vienna, data were collected through…

  7. “Il coraggio di essere giovani”: un progetto sulla Fgci di Modena degli anni Ottanta

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    Claudia Capelli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available L’Istituto Storico di Modena promuove una ricerca sulla Fgci di Modena degli anni Ottanta con l'obiettivo di cominciare a riflettere sul decennio conclusivo della storia del Pci, un periodo di crisi profonda della cultura politica comunista che la storiografia non ha ancora affrontato in modo sistematico. Il caso modenese permette di osservare alcuni importanti elementi dell'esperienza della Fgci “rifondata”, come il nuovo approccio alla comunicazione politica e il rapporto con i movimenti sociali.

  8. The evaluation of public psychiatric services in three provinces of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To describe the quality of care in communityand hospital-based care in three ... of care were addressed covering a comprehensive array of indicators of care. ... On another three all the provinces fared poorly (management, regular review ...

  9. Public health human resources: a comparative analysis of policy documents in two Canadian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regan, Sandra; MacDonald, Marjorie; Allan, Diane E; Martin, Cheryl; Peroff-Johnston, Nancy

    2014-02-24

    Amidst concerns regarding the capacity of the public health system to respond rapidly and appropriately to threats such as pandemics and terrorism, along with changing population health needs, governments have focused on strengthening public health systems. A key factor in a robust public health system is its workforce. As part of a nationally funded study of public health renewal in Canada, a policy analysis was conducted to compare public health human resources-relevant documents in two Canadian provinces, British Columbia (BC) and Ontario (ON), as they each implement public health renewal activities. A content analysis of policy and planning documents from government and public health-related organizations was conducted by a research team comprised of academics and government decision-makers. Documents published between 2003 and 2011 were accessed (BC = 27; ON = 20); documents were either publicly available or internal to government and excerpted with permission. Documentary texts were deductively coded using a coding template developed by the researchers based on key health human resources concepts derived from two national policy documents. Documents in both provinces highlighted the importance of public health human resources planning and policies; this was particularly evident in early post-SARS documents. Key thematic areas of public health human resources identified were: education, training, and competencies; capacity; supply; intersectoral collaboration; leadership; public health planning context; and priority populations. Policy documents in both provinces discussed the importance of an educated, competent public health workforce with the appropriate skills and competencies for the effective and efficient delivery of public health services. This policy analysis identified progressive work on public health human resources policy and planning with early documents providing an inventory of issues to be addressed and later documents providing

  10. Participatory processes for public lands: Do provinces practice what they preach?

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    Lauren F. Miller

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Here, we analyze the current spaces for public participation in Crown (public land management through a comparative study that focuses on the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. We define spaces for public participation as opportunities for meaningful public involvement in the decision-making arena of forest management. We examine the experiences of public participation in these provinces in an exploratory study comparing perceptions of participatory processes and outcomes of the processes in these two provinces based on 15 years (1999-2014 of informant experience. The objective is to understand more fully the barriers and bridges to meaningful public participation and relate these perceptions to on-the-ground implementation. A primary goal is to understand how, over time, processes with unsatisfying outcomes shape the perceptions of the participants. Rather than focusing on one particular participatory process, this comparative study assesses participation over time to identify the limitations in the participatory environments of these two provinces. We take a qualitative research approach using semistructured interviews with 42 forestry stakeholders, combined with participant observation and document analysis. This research reveals: (1 the importance of historical and cultural context as ongoing power imbalances shape the current dialogue and spaces for participation; (2 periods of robust and sound attempts at public participation in both provinces, with disappointments in implementation giving rise to a sense of futility, a closed system, and mistrust of government and industry over time; (3 a system of privileged access in opposition to the ideals of deliberative democracy and an equitable decision-making process; (4 in New Brunswick, public land policy implementation that is not reflective of participatory processes or of interests outside government and industry; (5 in Nova Scotia, recent efforts to incorporate values

  11. Road and Street Centerlines, Main St. Modena, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Iron County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — , published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as 'Main St. Modena'. The extent of these...

  12. Fire Stations, Modena Fire, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Iron County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire Stations dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as 'Modena Fire'....

  13. Health and safety concerns os migrant workers: the experience of tunisian workers in modena, Italy

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    Faïçal Daly

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relatively under-researched field of healthand safety of migrant workers, with special reference to Tunisian construction workers in the city of Modena in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna. The empirical material comes from questionnaires and interviews with Tunisian migrants, plus smaller numbers of interviews with employers and trade union representatives in Modena. The paper starts by critically reviewing the scattered literature onthe health and safety of minority workers, most of which refers to the United States and the United Kingdom. The discussion then moves to a consideration of migrant health and safety questions in the contexts of racism, discrimination, social class, working conditions, labour market segmentation and (non- regulation. Specialattention is given to the failed role of trade unions in defending the rights of minority workers, in advanced countries generally and in Italy in particular. A case study is then made of the construction sector in Italy, enriched by personal accounts of the experiences of Tunisian migrant workers in Modena. Employer and tradeunion interviews reveal a lack of concern and ability to tackle the relevant issues. Barriers to health and safety awareness training are outlined. In the conclusion, recommendations are made for policy initiatives in this area.

  14. Effectiveness of the Computer and Internet Literacy Project in Public High Schools of Tarlac Province, Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzo, Arnold R.

    2016-01-01

    Evaluation is important to gauge the strengths, weaknesses and effectiveness of any activity. This study evaluated the iSchools Project implemented in the Public High Schools of Tarlac Province, Philippines by the Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT) in partnership with the selected State Universities and Colleges. Using…

  15. Public Perception of Cadaver Organ Donation in Hunan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, A J; Xie, W Z; Luo, J J; Ouyang, W

    2016-10-01

    Our aim was to (1) survey public' perception and attitudes toward organ donation and (2) analyze the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to donate. We developed a questionnaire, and conducted the survey with stratified random sampling. Overall, 600 residents, aged ≥18 who resided in Hunan, and 600 undergraduates from 3 universities in Hunan were surveyed randomly. For this study, 1085 valid questionnaires were completed, with a response rate of 90.4%. Of the 1085 participants, 581 (53.5%) were students, 504 (46.5%) were residents, and 519 (47.8%) were male and 566 (52.2%) female. The mean accuracy rate was 71.96%, and the students' mean accuracy rate was slightly higher than that of the resident population (73.06% vs 70.68%, respectively). The results showed that 82.2% of public support organ donation, and 53.5% were willing to donate their organs after death. Students scored higher than the residents (88% vs 75.6% and 55.6% vs 51.2%). Nearly 1.8% felt that organ donation was against their religion, 14.9% thought it was important to ensure the integrity of the body, 71.7% agreed that organ donation allowed a positive outcome after a person's death, and 61.5% agreed that organ donation represented a continuation of life, to help families cope with grief. Age and gender were related to attitudes. Public knowledge of organ donation and their attitudes were correlated positively (r = 0.666). Public knowledge of organ donation is poor, biased, and incomplete, and based on television, movies, and communication networks. Positive attitudes toward donation displayed in the surveys were not matched by actual organ donation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. The Evolution of Public Views of the Black Sea Province During the First World War

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    Lyubov G. Polyakova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the evolution of public views of the Black Sea province during the First World War. The materials of pre-revolutionary periodicals of the Black Sea province became the main source of work. This article employs the records of personal origins. As a result of study, the authors come to the conclusion the First World War began for Russian society with massive patriotic speeches, but at the end of 1916 year for both in Russia in general and in the Black Sea province comes a complex social process that can be described as war weariness. To the reasons for war weariness the authors referred: the protracted war, and as a consequence – the complexity of an economic nature.

  17. AMS radiocarbon dating of mortar: The case study of the medieval UNESCO site of Modena

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carmine, Lubritto [Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Ambientali, Biologiche e Farmaceutiche & CIRCE lab, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, I-81100 Caserta (Italy); Caroselli, Marta; Lugli, Stefano [Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, I-41100 Modena (Italy); Marzaioli, Fabio [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica & CIRCE lab, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, I-81100 Caserta (Italy); Nonni, Sara [Università degli Studi “Sapienza”, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, I-00185 Roma (Italy); Marchetti Dori, S. [Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, I-41100 Modena (Italy); Terrasi, Filippo [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica & CIRCE lab, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, I-81100 Caserta (Italy)

    2015-10-15

    The carbon dioxide contributing to binder formation during the set of a lime mortar reflects the atmospheric {sup 14}C content at the time of construction of a building. For this reason, the {sup 14}C dating of mortars is used with increasing frequencies in archaeological and architectural research. Mortars, however, may also contain carbonaceous contaminants potentially affecting radiocarbon dating. The Centre for Isotopic Research on Cultural and Environmental heritage (CIRCE) of the Second University of Naples (SUN) has recently obtained some promising results in mortar radiocarbon dating thanks to the development of a procedure (i.e. CryoSoniC/Cryo2SoniC) aiming to eliminate exogenous C contamination that may occur in a mortar. The construction history of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Modena (Italy) is still controversial and represents a challenging case study for the application of absolute dating methodologies for different reasons. From the point of view of {sup 14}C dating, for example, given the high percentage of carbonate aggregates composing these samples, Modena mortars represent an experimental test particularly indicative of exogenous carbon sources suppression ensuring methodology accuracy. In this paper several AMS Radiocarbon dates were carried out on lime lumps with the aim to: (i) verify procedure accuracy by a comparison of the results obtainable from lime lumps dated after different treatments (i.e. bulk lime lumps vs. CryoSoniC purified lime lumps); (ii) compare different building phases absolute chronology for the medieval UNESCO site of Modena, with that assumed by historical sources in order to assess preliminary the {sup 14}C dating feasibility for of the site. Historical temporal constraints and mortar clustering, based on petrography, have been applied to define a temporal framework of the analyzed structure. Moreover, a detailed petrographic characterization of mortars was used both as a preliminary tool for the choice of samples

  18. Conservare e divulgare: la Biblioteca dell’Istituto storico di Modena dalle origini agli anni Ottanta

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    Meris Bellei

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available L’Istituto storico di Modena fin dalle origini nel 1950 considera compito essenziale la raccolta di documentazione sia archivistica sia libraria. La biblioteca nasce quindi e si sviluppa con acquisti e doni, tra problemi di spazio e di personale, difficoltà economiche, progressiva apertura a un pubblico ampio. È costante la consapevolezza di operare in un contesto plurimo: rapporti con gli altri Istituti storici a livello nazionale e soprattutto una forte relazione con la realtà bibliotecaria locale, alla ricerca di coerenze, specificità, visioni comuni.

  19. Memorie solide. L’Istituto storico della Resistenza di Modena per il 70° della Liberazione

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    Margherita Becchetti

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La mostra Memorie solide – ideata dall’Istituto storico della Resistenza di Modena in occasione del 70° anniversario della Liberazione – è un percorso fatto di parole, immagini e, soprattutto, oggetti, racchiusi in dieci parallelepipedi di compensato alti due metri, rivestiti di fotografie e ritratti a grandezza naturale, manifesti dell’epoca, e testi scelti dalle Cronache di Adamo Pedrazzi. Memorie solide che, per un oltre un mese, hanno ingombrato le strade della città con la loro robusta corporeità, difficile da ignorare, raccontando i lunghi mesi dell’occupazione nazifascista nel Modenese.

  20. [Decentralization and equity: public health expenditure in the municipalities of the Province of Buenos Aires].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lago, Fernando Pablo; Moscoso, Nebel Silvana; Elorza, María Eugenia; Ripari, Nadia Vanina

    2012-12-01

    In this paper we analyze the degree of equity in access to the public health care system in the Province of Buenos Aires (Argentina). Through a quantitative retrospective study, we analyze the inequalities in the distribution of the total public health expenditure per capita. This variable is used as a proxy for the ability of the inhabitants of each jurisdiction to access health care services. The results indicate the existence of large disparities in the levels of expenditure devoted to the population without health coverage. Moreover, the existence of greater health care needs (estimated using infant mortality rates and percentage of homes with basic needs unmet) does not translate into higher levels of public expenditure. Finally, we detect a positive association between the relative wealth of municipalities (measured by the gross geographic product per capita) and the public health expenditure per capita.

  1. Recruitment and retention strategies for public sector optometrists in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa

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    Prasidh Ramson

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: In South Africa, there is a paucity of optometrists serving the needs of the larger public sector. KwaZulu-Natal is one of the most densely populated provinces and home to several of the poorest districts. Despite an optometry school in the province, and with a lack of compulsory community service for new graduates, more optometrists are needed to serve the public sector. While studies on the recruitment and retention of medical and allied health professionals have been conducted, limited evidence exists on work trends of public sector optometrists.Methods: A cross-sectional study design using both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods was used. All public sector optometrists and local district health co-ordinators in the province were contacted, with an 80% (41 out of 51 and 75% (9 out of 12 response rate, respectively. Questionnaires containing demographic, recruitment, retention and open-ended questions were distributed by post, fax and email and via an online survey to both groups. Telephonic interviews were also conducted using semi-structured techniques. Frequency distributions, Fisher’s exact test and odds ratios were used to statistically describe the demographic data, while qualitative responses were recorded and analysed for commonly occurring themes.Results: The present public sector optometry workforce comprises mainly young (73%, black (70%, women (66%. They chose to work in the public sector to ‘make a difference’ and were attracted by ‘good working hours’ and ‘job security’. Fifty-three percent of optometrists work in the public sector due to a study bursary, for which there was a statistically significant association for race (p = 0.01, gender (p = 0.05 and background origin (p = 0.05. To aid their retention in public service, improved salaries, career progression, recognition, improved management relations and improved instrumentation were ranked highest by these optometrists

  2. ELENA MODENA, L'altrOrfeo. Considerazioni analitiche sulla vocalità, Roma, Aracne, 2009

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    Adriana Guarnieri

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Il volume propone un’indagine sulla vocalità ispirata al «metodo funzionale della voce» di Gisela Rohmert, didatta e fondatrice del Lichtenberger Institut für angewandte Stimmphysiologie, attivo in Germania dal 1982 . Da quell'esperienza – un metodo di pedagogia della voce fondato sullo studio della fisiologia vocale e del «fatto vocale» in quanto evento acustico e stimolo percettivo – Elena Modena ha derivato e illustra in questo libro una sua proposta di «analisi funzionale» della vocalità, storicamente considerata e rivolta, insieme, all’àmbito dell’emissione e a quello dell’ascolto.

  3. Factors that contribute to public sector nurses’ turnover in Limpopo province of South Africa

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    Takalani G. Tshitangano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The ongoing worldwide phenomenon of a shortage of about 4.3 million nurses and midwives poses a threat to health service delivery. Limpopo province had the worst nurse shortage of over 60% in 2010. Authors attribute this shortage to turnover of nurses. The quest to describe factors contributing to nurses’ turnover led to this study in Limpopo province,South Africa.Objectives: To explore and describe factors that contribute to nurses’ turnover in Limpopo province of South Africa by assessing public sector nurses’ job satisfaction in relation to common determinants of job satisfaction.Method: A descriptive cross-sectional approach used primary quantitative data collected from 141 of 380 respondents (31.1% response rate contacted incidentally. Self-administered hand delivered questionnaires were used to gather ordinal data, which were analysed in terms off requency and percentage tables using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 6. The sum of positive and negative effects was used to determine satisfaction; if positive effects were greater than negative effects respondents were judged to be satisfied and vice versa.Results: Frequency and percentage tables revealed that nurses in Limpopo province were more dissatisfied (53.9% than satisfied (37.8% with their jobs. Factors which respondents were found to be dissatisfied with included staffing (85.2%, availability of workplace resources(83.7%, salaries (78.8%, workplace safety (73.7%, career development opportunities (64.5% and hours of work (47.6%.Conclusion: Nurses’ turnover is attributed to nurses’ dissatisfaction with staffing, resources, salaries and workplace safety. Attention needs to be given to these specific issues if retentionof nurses is to be achieved.

  4. The impact of lean management components on improved quality of public hospitals in Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad and Bushehr provinces

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    Lida Gholizadeh

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of lean management components on improved service quality in public hospitals of Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad and Bushehr provinces. Fifty thousand employees of public hospitals of Kohkiloyeh-Boyer Ahmad and Bushehr provinces were selected using single-stage random cluster sampling method. Then, a researcher-made questionnaire was used to respond all employees of these hospitals. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze data. Structural equation modeling analyses confirmed the match between research model and experimental data. The results showed that the standard coefficient of all paths of communicative, processes, management, technology, structure, and human components of lean management to improved quality is significant. This means that all components of lean management have a direct impact on improved quality. Lean management leads to improved quality of services in public hospitals of Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad and Bushehr provinces.

  5. Widespread circulation of echovirus 6 causing aseptic meningitis in paediatric patients in the area of Modena, Italy, in 2011

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    Sara Tagliazucchi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Between May and November 2011, enterovirus RNA was detected in the cerebrospinal fluids (CSFs of 72 children with signs of aseptic meningitis admitted to paediatric departments of different Hospitals of the prefecture of Modena, Emilia Romagna region, Italy. Enterovirus RNA was detected in 34 CSFs by commercial reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR. Twenty-one samples, resulted human enterovirus B by species-specific RT-nested PCR, were submitted to sequencing of the 3’ terminus of the VP1 gene. Materials and Methods: Upon sequencing and interrogation of the National Center for Biotechnology Information database, all 21 viruses were characterized as echovirus 6 (E6, and posses a 100% nucleotide identity each other.Results: This study reports the molecular detection and typing of E6 isolated from clinical specimens from paediatric patients with aseptic meningitis in the wide area of Modena, Italy, in 2011.

  6. Toxocara Spp. Eggs in Public Parks of Urmia City, West Azer¬baijan Province Iran

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    S Charesaz

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The visceral larva migrans (VLM is a syndrome observed in human infection with helminth larval eggs such as the Toxocara spp. that usually infects dogs and cats. Among the risk factors involved in the occurrence of VLM, partic­ularly importance of these animal populations, an investigation was carried out for the presence of Toxocara spp. eggs in public parks in the city of Urmia, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran."nMethods: Samples were collected from total 26 existing public parks in Urmia from December 2003 to March 2004. Soil samples were collected from 3-4 distinct sites in the same area. The floating material was analyzed under the light micro­scope."nResults: Toxocara spp. eggs were found in 8 samples of total 102 taken samples from 26 public parks showed a contami­nation rate of 7.8%. The number of observed Toxacara eggs in each microscopic field was varied from 1-8."nConclusion: Low rate of contamination with Toxocara spp. eggs in Urmia parks might be due to lower dog population and cultural differences of present study in this city in comparison of other cities of the world.

  7. International study of student career choice in psychiatry (ISoSCCiP): results from Modena, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Silvia; Reggianini, Corinna; Mattei, Giorgio; Rigatelli, Marco; Pingani, Luca; Bhugra, Dinesh

    2013-08-01

    Italy was one of the 16 countries to take part in the International Study of Student Career Choice in Psychiatry (ISoSCCiP). This paper reports and comments on the IsoSCCiP data on Italian medical students. Italian final year medical students from the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia were asked to fill in an on-line questionnaire during the first semester of two consecutive academic years (2009-2010, 2010-2011). Step-wise logistic regressions were performed. Of the 231 students invited, 106 returned completed questionnaires (response rate = 46.7%). Women constituted 66%, and mean age was 25.14 (SD = 1.15). Psychiatry was the second most common choice of possible career by students (5.7%, n = 6). Choosing psychiatry was predicted by having volunteered for further clinical/research activities in psychiatry (p = 0.01), believing that 'the problems presented by psychiatric patients are often particularly interesting and challenging' (p students. Cultural and organizational specificities of Italian mental healthcare may be involved, particularly the strong tradition of social psychiatry.

  8. The Effects of Competition from Private Schooling on French Public School Districts in the Province of Quebec

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldas, Stephen J.; Bernier, Sylvain

    2012-01-01

    The Province of Quebec subsidizes nearly 50% of private education, and at the same time heavily regulates private schools. To date, no studies have been done to determine the effect of the unique nature of competition from K-12 private schools on public school education of the sort found in Quebec. The authors used multiple regression to determine…

  9. The Effects of Competition from Private Schooling on French Public School Districts in the Province of Quebec

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldas, Stephen J.; Bernier, Sylvain

    2012-01-01

    The Province of Quebec subsidizes nearly 50% of private education, and at the same time heavily regulates private schools. To date, no studies have been done to determine the effect of the unique nature of competition from K-12 private schools on public school education of the sort found in Quebec. The authors used multiple regression to determine…

  10. Analysis of the Influencing Factors of the Public Willingness to Participate in Public Bicycle Projects and Intervention Strategies—A Case Study of Jiangsu Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    In this study, factors influencing the willingness to participate in public bicycle projects were analyzed using the binary logistic model. The study builds on a broad and practical conceptual framework that embraces four dimensions of influencing factors, including household demographic, psychological, external, and public bicycle variables. The empirical results are based on a questionnaire survey that was sent to 520 urban residents in Xuzhou, Taizhou, and Suzhou in Jiangsu province. The s...

  11. Evaluating malaria case management at public health facilities in two provinces in Angola.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plucinski, Mateusz M; Ferreira, Manzambi; Ferreira, Carolina Miguel; Burns, Jordan; Gaparayi, Patrick; João, Lubaki; da Costa, Olinda; Gill, Parambir; Samutondo, Claudete; Quivinja, Joltim; Mbounga, Eliane; de León, Gabriel Ponce; Halsey, Eric S; Dimbu, Pedro Rafael; Fortes, Filomeno

    2017-05-03

    Malaria accounts for the largest portion of healthcare demand in Angola. A pillar of malaria control in Angola is the appropriate management of malaria illness, including testing of suspect cases with rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and treatment of confirmed cases with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT). Periodic systematic evaluations of malaria case management are recommended to measure health facility readiness and adherence to national case management guidelines. Cross-sectional health facility surveys were performed in low-transmission Huambo and high-transmission Uíge Provinces in early 2016. In each province, 45 health facilities were randomly selected from among all public health facilities stratified by level of care. Survey teams performed inventories of malaria commodities and conducted exit interviews and re-examinations, including RDT testing, of a random selection of all patients completing outpatient consultations. Key health facility readiness and case management indicators were calculated adjusting for the cluster sampling design and utilization. Availability of RDTs or microscopy on the day of the survey was 71% (54-83) in Huambo and 85% (67-94) in Uíge. At least one unit dose pack of one formulation of an ACT (usually artemether-lumefantrine) was available in 83% (66-92) of health facilities in Huambo and 79% (61-90) of health facilities in Uíge. Testing rates of suspect malaria cases in Huambo were 30% (23-38) versus 69% (53-81) in Uíge. Overall, 28% (13-49) of patients with uncomplicated malaria, as determined during the re-examination, were appropriately treated with an ACT with the correct dose in Huambo, compared to 60% (42-75) in Uíge. Incorrect case management of suspect malaria cases was associated with lack of healthcare worker training in Huambo and ACT stock-outs in Uíge. The results reveal important differences between provinces. Despite similar availability of testing and ACT, testing and treatment rates were lower in

  12. A one-year prospective study of refractory status epilepticus in Modena, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovannini, Giada; Monti, Giulia; Polisi, Michela M; Mirandola, Laura; Marudi, Andrea; Pinelli, Giovanni; Valzania, Franco; Girardis, Massimo; Nichelli, Paolo F; Meletti, Stefano

    2015-08-01

    Refractory status epilepticus (RSE) is a particular critical condition characterized by seizures that continue despite the use of first- and second-line therapies and by high mortality. To date, only one prospective study investigated clinical features and prognostic factors in RSE. In this study, we performed a one-year prospective survey to identify clinical features, outcomes, and variables associated with the development of RSE in the adolescent and adult population of Modena, northern Italy. We observed 83 episodes of SE in 83 patients. In 31% of the cases, third-line therapy (anesthetic drug) was needed. Among this group, 14% resolved and were classified as RSE, while, in 17%, seizures recurred at withdrawal of anesthetics and were classified as super-RSE. The development of RSE/super-RSE was associated with a stuporous/comatose state at presentation and with the absence of a previous history of epilepsy. Refractory status epilepticus/super-refractory status epilepticus showed a worse outcome compared with responsive SE: 54% versus 21% for 30-day mortality; 19% versus 56% for a return to baseline condition. This prospective study confirms stupor/coma at onset as a relevant clinical factor associated with SE refractoriness. We observed a rate of RSE comparable with previous reports, with high mortality and morbidity. Mortality in the observed RSE was higher than in previous studies; this result is probably related to the low rate of a previous epilepsy history in our population that reflects a high incidence of acute symptomatic etiologies, especially the inclusion of patients with postanoxic SE who have a bad prognosis per se. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Status Epilepticus". Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Impact of absorptive capacity and dominant logic on innovation performance of public sector organizations in Hefei (Anhui Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhan Khan

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Public organization’s performance depends on multiple aspects in which there are different polit-ical and public actors involved. In this study, we discuss the innovation performance of public organizations’ in Hefei (Anhui province, China. Our targeted group for this study were public sector employees at different levels within the organizations being considered. We checked the effect of absorptive capacity (ACAP, and dominant logic on public organization’s innovation performance. We found that absorptive capacity and dominant logic had a positive relation-ship with firms’ performance. Furthermore, these predictors were not only improving firm’s per-formance, but also bring innovation into the public organizations.

  14. Factors influencing the retention of midwives in the public sector in Afghanistan: a qualitative assessment of midwives in eight provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Molly E; Mansoor, G Farooq; Hashemy, Pashton; Namey, Emily; Gohar, Fatima; Ayoubi, Saadia Fayeq; Todd, Catherine S

    2013-10-01

    to examine factors that affect retention of public sector midwives throughout their career in Afghanistan. qualitative assessment using semi-structured in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs). health clinics in eight provinces in Afghanistan, midwifery education schools in three provinces, and stakeholder organisations in Kabul. purposively sampled midwifery profession stakeholders in Kabul (n=14 IDIs); purposively selected community midwifery students in Kabul (n=3 FGDs), Parwan (n=1 FGD) and Wardak (n=1 FGD) provinces (six participants per FGD); public sector midwives, health facility managers, and community health workers from randomly selected clinics in eight provinces (n=48 IDIs); midwives who had left the public sector midwifery service (n=5 IDIs). several factors affect a midwife throughout her career in the public sector, including her selection as a trainee, the training itself, deployment to her pre-assigned post, and working in clinics. Overall, appropriate selection is the key to ensuring deployment and retention later on in a midwife's career. Other factors that affect retention of midwives include civil security concerns in rural areas, support of family and community, salary levels, professional development opportunities and workplace support, and inefficient human resources planning in the public sector. Factors affecting midwife retention are linked to problems within the community midwifery education (CME) programme and those reflecting the wider Afghan context. Civil insecurity and traditional attitudes towards women were major factors identified that negatively affect midwifery retention. Factors such as civil insecurity and traditional attitudes towards women require a multisectoral response and innovative strategies to reduce their impact. However, factors inherent to midwife career development also impact retention and may be more readily modified. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Dai fondi privati di Modena agli archivi di Addis Abeba. Un progetto per censire, condividere e restituire un passato comune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzia Maccaferri

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Return and Sharing memories è un progetto pilota che intende restituire al popolo etiope la memoria storica dell’effimero impero italiano nel Corno d'Africa (1935-1941. Punto di partenza del progetto è duplicare le testimonianze fotografiche raccolte a Modena e donarne copia all’Università di Addis Abeba, mettendole a disposizione di ricercatori e studenti. L’obbiettivo è affrontare gli studi coloniali da una prospettiva diversa, attraverso la condivisione della memoria storica con gli ex-nemici, favorendo lo studio congiunto del passato che accomuna Etiopia e Italia.

  16. Analysis of the Influencing Factors of the Public Willingness to Participate in Public Bicycle Projects and Intervention Strategies—A Case Study of Jiangsu Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranran Yang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, factors influencing the willingness to participate in public bicycle projects were analyzed using the binary logistic model. The study builds on a broad and practical conceptual framework that embraces four dimensions of influencing factors, including household demographic, psychological, external, and public bicycle variables. The empirical results are based on a questionnaire survey that was sent to 520 urban residents in Xuzhou, Taizhou, and Suzhou in Jiangsu province. The survey indicates that environmental responsibility, improvement of the public transport system, health and safety considerations in relation to public bicycles, and environmental crisis consciousness have appreciable impacts upon the willingness to participation in public bicycle projects. The first three of these have a positive impact, whereas the last (environmental crisis consciousness has a negative impact. Consequently, some policy suggestions are proposed.

  17. The Public Role of Perm Province in Assisting the Sick and Wounded Soldiers During the First World War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaydysheva Natalya

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available On the example of Perm province the public activity on helping the sick and wounded soldiers during the World War I is analyzed. On the basis of wide scope of sources, the author investigates the participants, the scales and the forms of social help. The accent is made on the sources of financing organizations which carried out this activity. It is shown that all population layers in Perm province took part in rendering help to sick and wounded soldiers. The society often took the initiative in providing the charity events created by authorized structures that revealed the civil activity. The civil charity initiative gets further development during the war in mining plants. The state was interested and contributed to the civil independent actions, and it was caused by the wartime conditions. The author also determines the peculiarities of the assistance to sick and wounded soldiers in Perm province. All-Russian State Union became the body through which this help got better organized official registration during the war. It attracted major human resources and accumulated considerable monetary and clothing donations to the benefit of sick and wounded soldiers, thus providing the state with the possibility to control and coordinate this activity in the province.

  18. Geographical distribution of fluoride in the public water supply in the province of Tucumán, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raul Alberto Durán

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This work studied the geographical distribution of fluoride content in the public water supply in the province of Tucumán, Argentina. A total of 1,210 samples were collected in 190 localities of the 17 departments of the province during the 2008-2012 period. The analytical determination was performed using the SPADNS method and QGis 2.16 was used for processing the information. The fluoride content requirements in the studied localities were determined according to the Argentine Food Code. The results showed that 94% of population studied consumed water with fluoride concentrations below the recommended limits, 5% were exposed to fluoride concentrations above the required maximum limit and 1% consumed water at optimal fluoride concentrations. The maps showed a heterogeneous geographical distribution of fluorides, in which areas with deficit, excess and recommended values of fluorides can be differentiated; in some departments an inverse relationship between the density of the hydrological network and fluoride concentration can be observed. In the capital of the province, the average value found was 0.32 mg/l, presenting a homogeneous geographical distribution. The information obtained is indispensable for the proper management of fluoride, so as to improve public health through policy.

  19. Thalassemia treatment and prevention in Uva Province, Sri Lanka: a public opinion survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mudiyanse, Rasnayaka M

    2006-01-01

    Due to its excessive cost thalassemia management is a major health care problem in Sri Lanka. The majority of doctors are using only desferrioxamine (DFO), in grossly inadequate doses mainly because of its unavailability. Deferiprone (L1), which is more affordable, is not used due to fear of toxicity, as previously reported. Arthropathy attributed to L1 has been observed in some patients, and has led to the discontinuation of the drug in all patients, without scientific rationale. The proposed thalassemia prevention project for Uva Province is based on prevention of marriages between carriers. This could be achieved by carrier screening and counseling of teenagers and adolescents well before they select their partners. In Sri Lanka, people find their marriage partners at their work place or universities, by themselves, or with the help of professional marriage brokers (they are called Kapuwa), through relatives and close friends. This process of finding a partner may also be helped by paper advertisements. However, in addition to the appearance and attitude of the prospective partner, the caste, social background and horoscope are major considerations in selecting a partner. Even when they select partners on their own at the work place or university, they keep these factors in the back of their minds to ensure social acceptance. Many relationships are given up due to objections and advice from parents when the caste or social background does not match. A horoscope is a written document that almost every child gets, written by a professional horoscope reader and depending on the time of birth. It is believed, according to the horoscope, that a person's attitudes, desires, future prospects of finding a suitable partner, could be predicted. It is rare to proceed with a marriage if the horoscope does not match. These customs are considered less seriously among educated people when they find their partner at the work place or university. The concept of thalassemia risk

  20. La creazione di un territorio: il comitato di Modena e i suoi “confini” The creation of a territory: the comitatus of Modena and its “borders”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiziana Lazzari

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Fonte principale del contributo è il placito di Cinquanta, della fine del secolo IX: se ne rilegge il testo, non come “attestazione” bensì come “modificazione” della situazione territoriale che descrive, ossia il comitato di Modena, accogliendo in tal modo una precisa indicazione teorica di Angelo Torre. In questo modo si torna ad affrontare da una prospettiva diversa il problema dei cosiddetti distretti minori nell’organizzazione del territorio padano in epoca carolingia: i fines e i castra attestati nel IX-X secolo appaiono, rieinterpretati secondo queste logiche, estranei a una concezione territoriale della giurisdizione; non sembrano avere confini lineari ma piuttosto confini determinati dalle collettività che vi operavano e dalla collocazione geografica dei beni che loro appartenevano.

    The main source of this essay is the placitum of the village of Cinquanta, dating at the end of the ninth century. The text of the placitum has been read not as an ‘attestation’ but as a ‘modification’ of the territorial situation described in it (the Modena comitatus, thus recepting a clear theorical suggestion of Angelo Torre. The problem of the so called minor districts in the organization of the Po territory in the Carolingian age has thus been approached from a different point of view: the fines and castra existing in the ninth and tenth centuries, when considered according to this view, look like having no bearing on a territorial idea of jurisdiction; they seem to have had boundaries established by the communities and by the geographic location of their possessions rather than neat boundaries.

  1. Analysis of Coordination between the Public Service in Rural Areas and Socio-economic Development——A Case Study of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking Sichuan Province as an example,by using the overall evaluation function of Sichuan’s rural public service equalization development level and rural socio-economic development level,we conduct profound analysis on coordination between public service in Sichuan’s rural areas and socio-economic development from 2003 to 2008.The results show that the coordination between rural public service and socio-economic development in Sichuan Province is not high,and the equalization phenomenon of rural public service construction and socio-economic development is very prominent.The equalization development of public service in rural areas of Sichuan Province from 2003 to 2008 lags behind socio-economic development.The coordination between public service equalization system in rural areas of Sichuan Province and socio-economic development system abates continuously;the coordination between infrastructure and socio-economic development increases slowly;the coordination between education and socio-economic development declines sharply;the coordination between public culture and socio-economic development tends to decrease;the coordination between ecological environment construction and socio-economic development decreases continuously with great amplitude;the coordination between public health and socio-economic development decreases continuously;the coordination between science and technology and socio-economic development lingers at low level;the coordination between social security and employment,and socio-economic development increases in fluctuation,but with small amplitude.

  2. THE ANALYSIS OF TRAINING NEEDS IN PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS OPERATING IN HEALTH CARE SECTOR IN THE PODKARPACIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Skica

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is an attempt at diagnosing training needs of the employees of units operating in health care sector in the Podkarpacie Province. In times of permanent changes affecting each sphere of economy, providers of health care services cannot afford to remain outside this trend. Improving qualifications, adaptability of the offer, influencing its quality, and above all, the awareness of the necessity of these changes, have become an element which is fully integrated also with this sphere of public sector operations. Taking into account the above, the article verifies not only training needs articulated by employees of Health Care Centers (HCC operating in the Podkarpacie Province, but also the way they are perceived by the managers of these centers, the ability to define training needs and their compatibility with characteristic features of analyzed HCCs. Therefore special emphasis has been placed on demonstrating the variety of diagnosed training needs with reference to such criteria as the size of analyzed centers, the market serviced by them, and their location. These determinants allowed us to conduct a complex analysis of conditions and structure of voiced need for subject training, and as a consequence, contributed to diagnosing the expectations of the health care sector concerning initiatives improving the quality of public services in the health care services area.

  3. Study on the factors affecting the quality of public bus transportation service in Bali Province using factor analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susilawati, M.; Nilakusmawati, D. P. E.

    2017-06-01

    The volume of mobility flows are increasing day by day and the condition of the number of people using private transport modes contribute to traffic congestion. With the limited capacity of the road, one of the alternatives solution to reduce congestion is to optimize the use of public transport. The purposes of this study are to determine the factors that influence user’s satisfaction on the quality of public bus transportation service and determine variables that became identifier on the dominant factor affecting user’s satisfaction. The study was conducted for the public bus transportation between districts in the province of Bali, which is among the eight regencies and one municipality, using a questionnaire as a data collection instrument. Service variables determinant of user’s satisfaction in this study, described in 25 questions, which were analyzed using factor analysis. The results showed there were six factors that explain the satisfaction of users of public transport in Bali, with a total diversity of data that can be parsed by 61.436%. These factors are: Safety and comfort, Responsiveness, Capacity, Tangible, Safety, Reliability. The dominant factor affecting public transport user satisfaction is the safety and comfort, with the most influential variable is feeling concerned about the personal safety of users when on the bus.

  4. Is tuberculosis health education reaching the public in China? A cross-sectional survey in Guizhou Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei; Li, Yang; Yang, Haiqin; Ehiri, John; Chen, Zaiping; Liu, Ying; Wang, Mei; Liu, Shili; Tang, He; Li, Ying

    2016-01-01

    Background Knowledge about tuberculosis (TB) is important for TB control, and China's national TB control guidelines emphasise TB health promotion. A 2010 national TB epidemiology survey showed that the general public had limited knowledge and awareness of TB. Objective To assess the level of TB knowledge after 5 years of TB health promotion in Guizhou Province, one of the regions with the highest TB burden in China. Design and setting A community-based, cross-sectional survey of 10 237 residents of Guizhou Province from June to August 2015. Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine factors associated with core TB knowledge and TB health education among respondents. Results Overall, residents of Guizhou Province had inadequate knowledge of TB. The overall awareness of TB was 41.5%. Less than 30% of respondents were familiar with China's policy of free treatment for TB or knew that the disease could be cured. Factors associated with core TB knowledge included gender, age, ethnicity, education, occupation, region, and having received TB health education. Women, older adults, people employed in non-government institutions, and those living in counties with low TB burdens had little access to TB health education, whereas people with higher education levels had greater access. Respondents' sources of TB knowledge did not necessarily match their preferred channels for delivery of TB health education. Conclusions Our findings indicate that TB health education should be further strengthened in China and other countries with a high TB burden. TB health education programmes require further formative and implementation research in order to improve programme effectiveness. PMID:27670524

  5. Public assessment of key performance indicators of healthcare in a Canadian province: the effect of age and chronic health problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurullah, Abu Sadat; Northcott, Herbert C; Harvey, Michael D

    2014-01-15

    This study explores the effect of age and chronic conditions on public perceptions of the health system, as measured by the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) of healthcare, in the province of Alberta in Canada. Drawing from data collected by Government of Alberta's Department of Health and Wellness, this research examines two key questions: (1) Do people in the 65+ age group rate the KPIs of healthcare (i.e., availability, accessibility, quality, outcome, and satisfaction) more favorably compared to people in younger age groups in Alberta? (2) Does the rating of KPIs of healthcare in Alberta vary with different chronic conditions (i.e., no chronic problem, chronic illnesses without pain, and chronic pain)? The findings indicate that people in the older age group tend to rate the KPIs of healthcare more favorably compared to younger age groups in Alberta, net of socio-demographic factors, self-reported health status, and knowledge and utilization of health services. However, people experiencing chronic pain are less likely to rate the KPIs of healthcare favorably compared to people with no chronic health problem in Alberta. Discussion includes implications of the findings for the healthcare system in the province.

  6. The Role of Government Public Relations As Facilitators Communication in Bureau of Public Relation at South Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belinda Devi Larasati Siswanto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available As the windows of information, communication facilitator role in Government Public Relation (GPR serve as all-in-and-out of information from or to publics. For that, this research be held to find about the communication facilitator role on GPR of South Kalimantan Provincial Government. This research intends to knowing communication facilitator role to provide information to people and otherwise. This research uses qualitative approach with descriptive case study method, the data collection through observation and depth interview with informants purposively selection. The research result showing the communication facilitator role in GPR Bureau is not optimal, caused by unavailable information who can be accessed by the public or the otherwise. Government Information which should can be accessed at government official website or at the social media not be optimized by the GPR Bureau well as the Main Information Management and Documentation Officer (IMDO whose role is held by the GPR Bureau of the information that should be accessible through the website, is not available. This contrasts with some Local Work Unit function only a Subsidiary IMDO, but they were ready to provide information to the public through a website managed

  7. The Role of Entrepreneurial Knowledge and Skills in Developing Digital Entrepreneurial Intentions in Public Universities in Hamedan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad yaghoubi Farani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to extend the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB to more comprehensively explain the formation of students’ digital entrepreneurial intentions.In particular, the extended TPB incorporates two critical constructs, namely entrepreneurial knowledge and skills into the original TPB model.Data were collected from 150 computer science students from four public universities in Hamedan province. The results of regression analysis showed that there was asignificant relationship between motivational factors such as attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control and digital entrepreneurial intentions. Also perceived behavioral control played the strongest role in the determination of digital entrepreneurial intentions.Furthermore, the results illustrated that entrepreneurial knowledge and skills significantly relate to digital entrepreneurial intentions. Based on the knowledge gained in this study, some recommendation were offered for developing entrepreneurial culture, knowledge and skillsin order topromoting digital entrepreneurship.

  8. Political Economy of the Public Forest Certification in the Gunungkidul Regency, DIY Province

    OpenAIRE

    Sulistyaningsih

    2013-01-01

    Public forests, particularly the ones in Java island, were developed in the 1930s by Dutch colonial government although the government’s policy did not fully recognize and legitimate them as state forests. Nevertheless, the contribution of the forests to local communities cannot be denied, because the existence of community forest can be lifesaving. That public forest after deforestation becomes an alternative solution can be seen in changes in the timber industry, in that demand ...

  9. Cronística y nobleza en la Italia bajomedieval: la Casa de Este (Ferrara-Modena-Reggio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josué Villa Prieto

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available La producción historiográfica realizada en los dominios de los marqueses de Este (duques de Modena desde 1452 y de Ferrara desde 1471 durante la Baja Edad Media presenta una compleja diversidad de testimonios que atestigua el interés de las autoridades gubernamentales por dejar constancia de la memoria local. Este trabajo presenta las historias elaboradas, propone una clasificación de las mismas desde distintos puntos de vista, y ofrece un análisis interpretativo sobre sus características particulares y generales. Dicho examen repara especialmente en aspectos como la pervivencia de la tradición analística medieval, los elementos propios del humanismo, las diferencias existentes entre las composiciones vinculadas al notariado urbano y a la cancillería cortesana, los métodos llevados a cabo en el tratamiento documental, y la intencionalidad política que justifica su redacción. Asimismo, en cada caso se acota la cronología abordada, y se valora las posibilidades y límites que ofrecen para el conocimiento histórico.

  10. The Heart in Haart: Quality of Life of Patients Enrolled in the Public Sector Antiretroviral Treatment Programme in the Free State Province of South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booysen, F. Le R.; Van Rensburg, H. C. J.; Bachmann, M.; Louwagie, G.; Fairall, L.

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on the quality of life of patients enrolled in the public sector antiretroviral treatment programme in the Free State province of South Africa. Statistical analysis of cross-sectional data reveals that it is not access to treatment "per se" that enhances the quality of life of those who have come forward for ART.…

  11. Political Economy of the Public Forest Certification in the Gunungkidul Regency, DIY Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistyaningsih

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Public forests, particularly the ones in Java island, were developed in the 1930s by Dutch colonial government although the government’s policy did not fully recognize and legitimate them as state forests. Nevertheless, the contribution of the forests to local communities cannot be denied, because the existence of community forest can be lifesaving. That public forest after deforestation becomes an alternative solution can be seen in changes in the timber industry, in that demand for wood is increasing. The change resulted could be seen in the cultural change of this industry on the management of public forest in Java, especially in Gunungkidul Yogyakarta. The demand and pressure of international market that set requirements on the wood sold to be of high quality and accompanied with legal documents of public forets is an absolute condition to have the logs be accepted, recognized and marketed in international market. In political economical context, forest certification in Gunungkidul regency needs the intervention of the State to protect the marketing of timber from public forests.

  12. Infection control practices in public dental care services: findings from one South African Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehtar, S; Shisana, O; Mosala, T; Dunbar, R

    2007-05-01

    Infection control practices which increase the risk of blood-borne virus transmission with associated dental practice in one South African province were studied. All 24 state dental clinics were observed for adequate provision to carry out good infection prevention and control (IPC) practice, 75 staff including dentists, nurses and dental assistants were interviewed to assess IPC knowledge and 23 dental procedures were observed. Significant findings were the difference between knowledge and practice, despite adequate provisions for safe infection control practice. The lack of protective eye wear during a dental procedure, not washing hands between patients, not disassembling an item prior to disinfection or sterilization, and not using a sterile drill for each patient were identified. A rapid method for detection of occult blood was used as a marker for inadequate IPC practice. Contaminated dental items of equipment just prior to patient use in 25% of equipment tested and 37% of surfaces and surrounding areas in the dental clinics and units were recorded. This study concludes that, despite provision for safe dental practice available in state dental clinics, there was a lack of knowledge application in clinical practice. The risk of blood-borne virus transmission in a population with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence cannot be ignored.

  13. 'Powering Nova Scotia's economy --- a public discussion paper on the province's energy strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This discussion paper sets out for debate several major goals and principles for the energy sector of Nova Scotia, outlines important issues and questions that need to be considered and answered in order for Nova Scotia to realize its potential of becoming a major petroleum producer and exporter. It also provides background information on topics relevant to the development of the energy industry in the province. Nova Scotia's energy sector was first reviewed in 1991. The arrival of oil and natural gas, the changes in the way electric utilities are regulated, the environmental targets established by the Kyoto Protocols, changes in the province's coal industry and changes in the global landscape for energy, all demand a fresh approach and a new strategy to pursue the challenges and opportunities that have opened up in the last decade. This new strategy will assess the likely development of the industry provincially, nationally and internationally. Since the changes are ongoing, they will have implications for decades to come. Therefore , to be equal to the challenge, the issues require a bold vision, balanced with practicality and flexibility. The principal strategic goal for the province's energy sector is to create a world-class energy sector that can achieve sustainable economic development while maintaining high social and environmental standards. Public consultation, fairness, transparency, accountability, responsible regulatory practices, consumer choice and competition, partnership with the private sector, the widest possible distribution within the province of industrial benefits and revenues generated by the province's energy resources, and serious consideration of potential environmental impacts in all energy policy-making decisions are the principles that will guide strategic and policy choices. Appended to the discussion paper are a series of energy sector profiles, a discussion of environmental, regulatory, fiscal and economic issues

  14. Public Health Risk of Arsenic Species in Chicken Tissues from Live Poultry Markets of Guangdong Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yuanan; Zhang, Wenfeng; Cheng, Hefa; Tao, Shu

    2017-03-03

    Arsenic-based feed additives, such as roxarsone (ROX), are still legally and widely used in food animal production in many countries. This study was conducted to systematically characterize the content and speciation of arsenic in chicken tissues from live poultry markets and in commercial chicken feeds in Guangdong, a major poultry production and consumption province in China, and to assess the corresponding public health risk. The total arsenic contents in the commercial feeds could be modeled as a mixture of two log-normal distributions (geometric means: 0.66 and 17.5 mg/kg), and inorganic arsenic occurred at high levels (0.19-9.7 mg/kg) in those with ROX detected. In general, chicken livers had much higher contents of total arsenic compared to the muscle tissues (breast and drumstick), and chicken muscle from the urban markets contained arsenic at much higher levels than that from the rural markets. The incremental lifetime cancer risk (bladder and lung cancer) from dietary exposure to arsenic contained in chicken meat products on local markets was above the serious or priority level (10(-4)) for 70% and 30% of the adult populations in Guangzhou and Lianzhou, respectively. These findings indicate the significant need to phase out the use of arsenic-based feed additives in China.

  15. The Policy of Helminthiasis control and Public knowledge Againts Helminthiasis in banjar regency South kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juhairiyah Juhairiyah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available background: Helminthiasis is a neglected disease that lack of attention both prevention and handling. Eventhough helminthiasis is tent not to be deadly disease but it can reduce the nutrition that influence the growth and mental of the children. For the adult it brings out the reducing of productivity. That’s why it is very important to determine helminthiasis prevention strategies in South Kalimantan by doing a comprehensive effort to be the basic data for determining policies to helminthiasis control programs appropriatly. This study is aimed to know the specific aspects that retart the program of helminthiasis control in Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan. Methods: It is descriptive study with cross sectional design. The data are collected by indepth interview to the policy holder that has connection with the helminthiasis control and the guardian of elementary schoo, they are 291 respondents. results: There has not any coordination yet between cross programs and sector to control helminthiasis and there has not any budget yet for helminthiasis program. Those are one of the obstruction that make helminthiasis program can not wotk effectively. The public knowledge of Banjar Regency about helminthiasis is in good level. There is no relationship between parental knowledge with helminthiasis, otherwise there is relationship between knowledge of children with helminthiasis. conclusion:Policy only focus on curative services due to helminthiasis is not a deadly disease. recommendation: Increasing the budget of program and improving the awareness of across sector and program will support helminthiasis control program.

  16. Utilisation of public eye care services by the rural community residents in the Capricorn district, Limpopo Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mologadi D. Ntsoane

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Visual impairment and blindness are major health problems worldwide, especially in the rural and remote areas of developing countries. Utilisation of eye care services is essential to reduce the burden of visual impairment and blindness, and it is therefore important that it is monitored.Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the level of utilisation of public eye care services and factors that might have influenced their usage in rural communities, Capricorn district, Limpopo Province, South Africa.Method: A population-based cross-sectional study design was used. Participants were residents in selected rural villages located within approximately 5 km of six Government hospitals. Following ethical approval and receipt of informed consent, a questionnaire with closed and open-ended questions was used to collect information on the utilisation of eye care services and factors that might influence utilisation. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s Chisquare test were used to analyse and compare the data.Results: Many (62.7% of the respondents had used the government eye care services in the past. Over fifty-nine per cent (59.3% of them were satisfied with the services. Factors reported to influence utilisation (such as monthly income, knowledge of available services and the need for regular eye tests were positively associated with utilisation of eye care services in this study (p < 0.05.Conclusion: Utilisation of eye care services was relatively good, but varied significantly between sites. An awareness campaign by government and non-governmental organisations about eye care services may increase utilisation amongst rural communities.

  17. Utilisation of public eye care services by the rural community residents in the Capricorn district, Limpopo Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mologadi D. Ntsoane

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Visual impairment and blindness are major health problems worldwide, especially in the rural and remote areas of developing countries. Utilisation of eye care services is essential to reduce the burden of visual impairment and blindness, and it is therefore important that it is monitored.Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the level of utilisation of public eye care services and factors that might have influenced their usage in rural communities, Capricorn district, Limpopo Province, South Africa.Method: A population-based cross-sectional study design was used. Participants were residents in selected rural villages located within approximately 5 km of six Government hospitals. Following ethical approval and receipt of informed consent, a questionnaire with closed and open-ended questions was used to collect information on the utilisation of eye care services and factors that might influence utilisation. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s Chisquare test were used to analyse and compare the data.Results: Many (62.7% of the respondents had used the government eye care services in the past. Over fifty-nine per cent (59.3% of them were satisfied with the services. Factors reported to influence utilisation (such as monthly income, knowledge of available services and the need for regular eye tests were positively associated with utilisation of eye care services in this study (p < 0.05.Conclusion: Utilisation of eye care services was relatively good, but varied significantly between sites. An awareness campaign by government and non-governmental organisations about eye care services may increase utilisation amongst rural communities.

  18. Impact of China's Public Hospital Reform on Healthcare Expenditures and Utilization: A Case Study in ZJ Province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Zhang

    Full Text Available High drug costs due to supplier-induced demand (SID obstruct healthcare accessibility in China. Drug prescriptions can generate markup-related profits, and the low prices of other medical services can lead to labor-force underestimations; therefore, physicians are keen to prescribe drugs rather than services. Thus, in China, a public hospital reform has been instituted to cancel markups and increase service prices.A retrospective pre/post-reform study was conducted in ZJ province to assess the impact of the reform on healthcare expenditures and utilization, ultimately to inform policy development and decision-making. The main indicators are healthcare expenditures and utilization.Post-reform, drug expenditures per visit decreased by 8.2% and 15.36% in outpatient and inpatient care, respectively; service expenditures per visit increased by 23.03% and 27.69% in outpatient and inpatient care, respectively. Drug utilization per visit increased by 5.58% in outpatient care and underwent no significant change in inpatient care. Both were lower than the theoretical drug-utilization level, which may move along the demand curve because of patient-initiated demand (PID; this indicates that SID-promoted drug utilization may decrease. Finally, service utilization per visit increased by 6% in outpatient care and by 13.10% in inpatient care; both were higher than the theoretical level moving along the demand curve, and this indicates that SID-promoted service utilization may increase.The reform reduces drug-prescription profits by eliminating drug markups; additionally, it compensates for service costs by increasing service prices. Post-reform, the SID of drug prescriptions decreased, which may reduce drug-resource waste. The SID of services increased, with potentially positive and negative effects: accessibility to services may be promoted when physicians provide more services, but the risk of resource waste may also increase. This warrants further research

  19. Connecting communities and business: Public-private partnerships as the panacea for land reform in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierenburg, M.J.; Cousins, B.; Bos, A.; Ntsholo, M.

    2012-01-01

    Scattered among large-scale citrus orchards and game farms in Limpopo Province lie the densely populated former homelands of Venda, Gazankulu, and Lebowa. With few possibilities for development in these barren areas, many communities have lodged claims for the restitution of land from which they

  20. Connecting communities and business: Public-private partnerships as the panacea for land reform in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierenburg, M.J.; Cousins, B.; Bos, A.; Ntsholo, M.

    2012-01-01

    Scattered among large-scale citrus orchards and game farms in Limpopo Province lie the densely populated former homelands of Venda, Gazankulu, and Lebowa. With few possibilities for development in these barren areas, many communities have lodged claims for the restitution of land from which they wer

  1. Connecting communities and business: Public-private partnerships as the panacea for land reform in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierenburg, M.J.; Cousins, B.; Bos, A.; Ntsholo, M.

    2012-01-01

    Scattered among large-scale citrus orchards and game farms in Limpopo Province lie the densely populated former homelands of Venda, Gazankulu, and Lebowa. With few possibilities for development in these barren areas, many communities have lodged claims for the restitution of land from which they wer

  2. Espacios verdes urbanos públicos en provincia de Quillota (Chile)./ Public urban green spaces in the province of Quillota (Chile).

    OpenAIRE

    Pavez Reyes, María Isabel

    1999-01-01

    La realidad de una provincia de belleza memorable, en un momento aún oportuno para revertir prácticas no deseables en materia de espacios verdes públicos, en beneficio de la economía local y calidad de vida de la población actual y futura. /It describes the reality of a province of memorable beauty, at a time yet advisable to reverse undesirable practices in respect of public green spaces, to benefit the local economy and quality of life for current and future population.

  3. Espacios verdes urbanos públicos en provincia de Quillota (Chile./ Public urban green spaces in the province of Quillota (Chile.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavez Reyes, María Isabel

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available La realidad de una provincia de belleza memorable, en un momento aún oportuno para revertir prácticas no deseables en materia de espacios verdes públicos, en beneficio de la economía local y calidad de vida de la población actual y futura. /It describes the reality of a province of memorable beauty, at a time yet advisable to reverse undesirable practices in respect of public green spaces, to benefit the local economy and quality of life for current and future population.

  4. [BIRTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE ANATOMICAL MUSEUMS OF MODENA BETWEEN XVIII AND XIX CENTURY. THE OBSTETRIC MUSEUM, THE ANATOMICAL MUSEUM, THE ETHNOGRAPHIC ANTHROPOLOGIC MUSEUM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corradini, Elena

    2015-01-01

    The interest for the study of Anatomy in Modena was particularly developed since the second half of eighteenth century, when the Duke Francesco III of Este promoted the reformation of the University and Antonio Scarpa was called from Padua to teach Anatomy. Scarpa promoted the building of the Anatomical Theatre, near the Grande Spedale, that was inaugurated in 1776. On the same year, the School of Obstetrics opened and determined the constitution of a first Cabinet or Obstetric Museum in a room next to the Theatre. After the Restoration, between 1817 and 1818, the Archduke Francesco IV of Austria Este promoted the realization of an Anatomical Museum: a big organized room in a new floor built on the Theatre. Two more rooms were added in, 1839 and a fourth one in 1853, under the direction of Paolo Gaddi. Furthermore Gaddi's interest for ethnographic studies determined the opening of the Ethnographic Anthropological Museum in 1866.

  5. The ELENA Programme in the Province of Chieti - A Public Private Partnership Best Practice Improving Energy Efficiency of Buildings and Public Lighting Systems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fecondo, Pierluigi; Moca, Giancarlo

    2015-01-01

    Public Private Partnership initiatives and models are proven, scalable and internationally-recognized procurement methods for reducing the operating costs and improve environmental quality of public bodies...

  6. Performance evaluation of public non-profit hospitals using a BP artificial neural network: the case of Hubei Province in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chunhui; Yu, Chuanhua

    2013-08-15

    To provide a reference for evaluating public non-profit hospitals in the new environment of medical reform, we established a performance evaluation system for public non-profit hospitals. The new "input-output" performance model for public non-profit hospitals is based on four primary indexes (input, process, output and effect) that include 11 sub-indexes and 41 items. The indicator weights were determined using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and entropy weight method. The BP neural network was applied to evaluate the performance of 14 level-3 public non-profit hospitals located in Hubei Province. The most stable BP neural network was produced by comparing different numbers of neurons in the hidden layer and using the "Leave-one-out" Cross Validation method. The performance evaluation system we established for public non-profit hospitals could reflect the basic goal of the new medical health system reform in China. Compared with PLSR, the result indicated that the BP neural network could be used effectively for evaluating the performance public non-profit hospitals.

  7. 河南省公共图书馆视障服务现状调查与分析%Research and Analysis on the Visual Impairment Service Status of Public Library in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋

    2015-01-01

    This paper researches the visual impairment service status of public library in Henan Province by the questionnaire method, analyzes the problems of the visual impairment service status of public library in Henan Province and puts forward the related solutions.%运用问卷调查法对河南省公共图书馆视障服务的现状进行调查,分析河南省公共图书馆视障服务中存在的问题,最后提出相应的解决方案。

  8. Earth Science Studies in Support of Public Policy Development and Land Stewardship - Headwaters Province, Idaho and Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey Headwaters Province Project Team Edited by Lund, Karen

    2007-01-01

    The USGS Headwaters Province project in western Montana and northern and central Idaho was designed to provide geoscience data and interpretations to Federal Land Management Agencies and to respond to specific concerns of USDA Forest Service Regions 1 and 4. The project has emphasized development of digital geoscience data, GIS analyses, topical studies, and new geologic interpretations. Studies were designed to more completely map lithologic units and determine controls of deformation, magmatism, and mineralizing processes. Topical studies of geologic basement control on these processes include study of regional metallogenic patterns and their relation to the composition and architecture of underlying, unexposed basement; timing of igneous and hydrothermal systems, to identify regionally important metallogenic magmatism; and the geologic setting of Proterozoic strata, to better understand how their sedimentary basins developed and to define the origin of sediment-hosted mineral deposits. Interrelated products of the project are at complementary scales.

  9. Heterogeneity and penetration of HIV-1 non-subtype B viruses in an Italian province: public health implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torti, C; Lapadula, G; Izzo, I; Brindicci, G; Labbate, G; Quiros-Roldan, E; Diallo, I; Gargiulo, F; Castelnuovo, F; Calabresi, A; Carosi, G; Manca, N; Monno, L

    2010-09-01

    This study assessed changes in prevalence and distribution of HIV-1 non-subtype B viruses in Italian and immigrant patients over two decades in a province in Italy. All HIV-positive patients who underwent genotypic resistance testing were selected. Prevalence of non-subtype B viruses in 3-year periods was calculated. All sequences of non-subtype B and those provided by REGA as unassigned were analysed for phylogenetic relationships. In total, 250/1563 (16%) individuals were infected with a non-subtype B virus. Prevalence increased over time, reaching a peak (31.5%) in 2004-2006. In Italian patients, the most frequent subtypes were B (92.5%) and F1 (4%). F1 subtype was also prevalent in patients from South America (13.6%); in patients of African origin, CRF02_AG (54.9%) and G (12.3%) were the most frequent. HIV-1 non-subtype B infections in Italians were mostly found in patients who acquired HIV sexually. A phylogenetic relationship between F subtypes in Italian and representative HIV-1 sequences from Brazil was found. C subtypes in Italians were phylogenetically related to subtypes circulating in Brazil. Inter-subtype recombinants were also found in the latest years. The HIV-1 epidemic in Brescia province evolved to the point where about 1/3 patients recently diagnosed harboured non-B HIV subtypes. The distribution of HIV-1 non-B subtypes in Italian patients resembled that in South American patients and phylogenetic relatedness between some Italian and South American HIV-1 strains was found. The possible epidemiological link between these two populations would have been missed by looking only at risk factors for HIV acquisition declared by patients. The evidence of inter-subtype recombinants points to significant genetic assortment. Overall our results support phylogenetic analysis as a tool for epidemiological investigation in order to guide targeted prevention strategies.

  10. Chinese public understanding of the use of agricultural biotechnology--a case study from Zhejiang Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Lan

    2006-04-01

    This study explores the Chinese public's perceptions of, and attitudes to, agriculture and food applications of biotechnology; and investigates the effect of socio-demographic factors on attitudes. A questionnaire survey and interviews were used in an attempt to combine quantitative analysis with qualitative review. The main finding of this study is that the Chinese population has a superficial, optimistic attitude to agricultural biotechnology; and that, in accordance with public attitudes, a cautious policy, with obligatory labelling, should be adopted. The study reveals that education is the factor among socio-demographic variables with the strongest impact on public attitudes. Higher education leads to a more positive evaluation of GM (genetically modified) foods and applications of biotechnology with respect to usefulness, moral acceptability, and suitability for encouragement. In addition, public attitudinal differences depend significantly on area of residence. Compared with their more urban compatriots, members of the public in less developed areas of China have more optimistic attitudes, perceive more benefits, and are more risk tolerant in relation to GM foods and agricultural biotechnology. Finally we obtained a very high rate of "don't know" answers to our survey questions. This suggests that many people do not have settled attitudes, and correspondingly, that the overall public attitude to agricultural biotechnology and GM foods in China is at present somewhat unstable.

  11. Chinese public understanding of the use of agricultural biotechnology--A case study from Zhejiang Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This study explores the Chinese public's perceptions of, and attitudes to, agriculture and food applications of biotechnology; and investigates the effect of socio-demographic factors on attitudes. A questionnaire survey and interviews were used in an attempt to combine quantitative analysis with qualitative review. The main finding of this study is that the Chinese population has a superficial, optimistic attitude to agricultural biotechnology; and that, in accordance with public attitudes, a cautious policy,with obligatory labelling, should be adopted. The study reveals that education is the factor among socio-demographic variables with the strongest impact on public attitudes. Higher education leads to a more positive evaluation of GM (genetically modified)foods and applications of biotechnology with respect to usefulness, moral acceptability, and suitability for encouragement. In addition, public attitudinal differences depend significantly on area of residence. Compared with their more urban compatriots,members of the public in less developed areas of China have more optimistic attitudes, perceive more benefits, and are more risk tolerant in relation to GM foods and agricultural biotechnology. Finally we obtained a very high rate of"don't know" answers to our survey questions. This suggests that many people do not have settled attitudes, and correspondingly, that the overall public attitude to agricultural biotechnology and GM foods in China is at present somewhat unstable.

  12. The ELENA Programme in the Province of Chieti - A Public Private Partnership Best Practice Improving Energy Efficiency of Buildings and Public Lighting Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierluigi Fecondo

    2015-09-01

    To date, the most relevant Project outcomes consist 87 municipalities involved, a structured database of energy audit and data about 144 buildings and about 46,000 public light points. Moreover, an effective engagement of public and private stakeholders, lays the foundation for a strong Energy Performance Contract framework able to leverage financing based on minimun guaranteed energy savings of 20% in respect to baseline values.

  13. A chemometric approach to the comparison of different sample treatments for metals determination by atomic absorption spectroscopy in aceto Balsamico tradizionale di Modena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocchi, Marina; Franchini, Giancarlo; Manzini, Daniela; Manfredini, Matteo; Marchetti, Andrea; Ulrici, Alessandro

    2004-06-30

    A comparison of different digestion procedures has been carried out for the analysis of metal concentration in samples of vinegars and Aceto Balsamico Tradizionale of Modena (ABTM) coming from an unique barrel set. In particular, classical wet, dry ashing, and closed vessel microwave digestion procedure have been utilized and compared for each investigated species. In a few cases, direct metal determination on ABTM (without treatment procedure) is proposed as possible alternative to sample manipulation. Flame atomic absorption spectrometry was used for the quantification of iron and zinc, while graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry was used for all the other elements (i.e., chromium, manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, cadmium, and lead). The comparison among the different sample treatments was carried out by the use of statistical and chemometric tools. In particular, principal component analysis and ANOVA approaches were used to discriminate between the diverse analytical methods. Furthermore, for all the dissolving techniques, the analytical metal recovery was always evaluated by the application of the recovery function on the same sample matrix. In general, the recoveries were fairly good, ranging from 90 to 103%, except for Cd and Pb with dry ashing, which showed recovery values close to 55% and 67%, respectively. As regards the metals concentration of the investigated samples, the experimental data reveal for some species the presence of concentration slightly over the legal limit fixed for wine and wine vinegar.

  14. 新疆农村公共产品投资绩效分析%The Analysis of Performance of Rural Public Investment in Xinjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晓玲

    2012-01-01

    运用计量经济模型,以新疆省为例来分析农村公共产品投资绩效.结果表明:新疆农村公共投资与农村经济存在显著正相关,农村公共投入每增加1元,将带动农业总产值增加0.322元;同时相关统计数据表明新疆农村公共产品投资在社会绩效方面也呈正效应,且贡献率不断提高,新疆各类公共产品投资不仅有效促进农村经济的发展,而且极大推动了农民的生产生活水平.最后提出推动公共产品供给的均等化、构建多元化投资体系等建议.%With the increasing public investment in rural areas, the clear understanding of investment performance was a good way to supply reliable and reasonable evidence to the governments, investing decision. The performance of public investment in rural areas were divided into economic performance and social performance. This paper employs an econometric model and takes Xinjiang Province as an example to analyze the performance of rural public investment. The results showed that public investment and the rural investment have a significant positive correlation; with rural public investment increased by 1 yuan, the agricultural value will increase to 0.322 yuan; The relevant statistics showed that rural public investment also has a positive effect with social performance and the contribution greatly increased. Public investment greatly improved economic growth and people, living standard in rural areas. At last, give suggestions such as promoting equalization of public goods supply in urban and rural areas, establishing multi-type of investment system.

  15. Public health against a centralized state: institutions and welfare services in the province of Mendoza during the first Peronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Hirschegger

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This research analyzes the state action in public health during the first Peronism and engages on some factors that determined the success or failure of policies at provincial level. The work also refers , through concrete examples , to smaller territorial units such as municipalities , while application areas of public policy or executors of them. Some of the questions that were attempted to answer what extent the new changes in the state structure were accompanied by concrete actions that have a bearing on the living conditions of the population? What obstacles limited government action? the realization of public works will be included in this analysis by the state , staff in charge , as well as investments in other resources necessary for adequate medical care.

  16. Self-induction of abortion among women accessing second-trimester abortion services in the public sector, Western Cape Province, South Africa: an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constant, D; Grossman, D; Lince, N; Harries, J

    2014-04-01

    Despite South Africa's liberal abortion law permitting abortion on request in the first trimester and under restricted conditions for second-trimester pregnancies, the practice of unsafe self-induced abortion persists. However, the prevalence of this practice, the methods used and the reasons behind it are relatively under-researched. As part of a larger study seeking to improve abortion services in the Western Cape Province, we explored reports of prior attempts to self-induce abortion among women undergoing legal second-trimester abortion. To describe the prevalence and methods of and factors related to unsuccessful attempts at self-induction of abortion by women presenting without complications and seeking second-trimester abortion at public health facilities in the Western Cape. In a cross-sectional study from April to August 2010, 194 consenting women undergoing second-trimester abortion were interviewed by trained fieldworkers using structured questionnaires at four public sector facilities near Cape Town. Thirty-four women (17.5%; 95% confidence interval 12.7 - 23.4) reported an unsuccessful attempt to self-induce abortion during the current pregnancy before going to a facility for second-trimester abortion. No factors were significantly associated with self-induction, but a relatively high proportion of this small sample were unemployed and spoke an indigenous African language at home. A readily available herbal product called Stametta was most commonly used; other methods included taking tablets bought from unlicensed providers and using other herbal remedies. No use of physical methods was reported. The prevalence of unsafe self-induction of abortion is relatively high in the Western Cape. Efforts to inform women in the community about the availability of free services in the public sector and to educate them about the dangers of self-induction and unsafe providers should be strengthened to help address this public health issue.

  17. Factors influencing the provision of public health services by village doctors in Hubei and Jiangxi provinces, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yan; Smith, Helen J; Fei, Yang; Xu, Biao; Nie, Shaofa; Yan, Weirong; Diwan, Vinod K; Sauerborn, Rainer; Dong, Hengjin

    2013-01-01

    Résumé PROBLÈME: Le gouvernement central chinois a lancé le plan de réforme du système de santé en 2009 pour renforcer la lutte contre les maladies et l'amélioration de la santé, et pour fournir un paquet de services de base en termes de santé publique. Les médecins de village reçoivent une subvention modeste pour offrir des services de santé publique liés à ce paquet. Leurs opinions sur cette subvention et la fourniture de services de santé publique pourraient avoir une influence sur la qualité et l'efficacité des services de santé préventive et sur la surveillance des maladies. APPROCHE: Pour comprendre les perspectives des médecins de village sur la subvention et leur expérience dans le domaine de la fourniture de services de santé publique, nous avons organisé 10 discussions de groupe cible avec des médecins de village, 12 entrevues approfondies avec des directeurs de centres de santé cantonaux et 4 entrevues approfondies avec des directeurs départementaux de centres pour la lutte et la prévention des maladies. ENVIRONNEMENT LOCAL: L'étude a été effectuée dans quatre comtés du centre de la Chine, deux dans la province de Hubei et deux dans la province du Jiangxi. CHANGEMENTS SIGNIFICATIFS: Les médecins de village donnent la priorité aux services médicaux, mais ils font de leur mieux pour gérer leur temps de manière à inclure les services de santé publique. La volonté des directeurs de centres de santé cantonaux et des médecins de village d’offrir des services de santé publique s'est accrue depuis l'introduction du paquet et d'une subvention minimale, mais les médecins de village ne considèrent pas que cette subvention constitue une rémunération suffisante pour leurs efforts. LEÇONS TIRÉES: Il est possible que l’amélioration de la fourniture de services de santé publique par les médecins de village nécessite une augmentation de la subvention, l'amélioration de la relation de supervision entre

  18. Studies about Management and Management of Medicines at the Regional Public Hospital of Kwaingga Keerom Regency Province of Papua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herlina Pabuntang

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Hospital has a strategic role in providing quality services in accordance with the standards established and can reach all layers of society. Medicines management in hospitals need to have a good management. Purpose of this research to describe the planning of medicines, medicines acceptance, storage, procurement and distribution of medicines and know and understand the factors supporting and restricting and countermeasure strategy stock out of the medicines conducted by the management of the Kwaingga Hospital Regency of Keerom in 2016. Research methodology was qualitative descriptive study with the kind of approach to the case studies. Population and sample examined was the officer on duty in hospital health Kwaingga as many as 9 people. Data collection is done by observation, in-depth interviews and documentation. Data analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative. Research results obtained that the medicines planning in Kwaingga Hospital is done based on the amount of the budget is provided by the regional Government of the Regency of Keerom and funds dropping from Papua Province, and the selection of the remedy is done based on national formularium (FORNAS. Procurement of medicines in Kwaingga Hospital done by a third party so that it takes a relatively long time. Acceptance of medication in Kwaingga Hospital running slow. this is because the process of procurement of medicines carried out by third parties. Storage of medicines stored in the warehouse of medicines with the State of the storage areas are qualified by BPOM. Medicines distribution is done by installation of pharmaceuticals for room each performed four times each month with the format LPLPO by request of each room.

  19. Chinese public understanding of the use of agricultural biotechnology—A case study from Zhejiang Province of China*

    OpenAIRE

    Lü, Lan

    2006-01-01

    This study explores the Chinese public’s perceptions of, and attitudes to, agriculture and food applications of biotechnology; and investigates the effect of socio-demographic factors on attitudes. A questionnaire survey and interviews were used in an attempt to combine quantitative analysis with qualitative review. The main finding of this study is that the Chinese population has a superficial, optimistic attitude to agricultural biotechnology; and that, in accordance with public attitudes, ...

  20. DETERMINANTS OF PATIENT SATISFACTION (PS IN PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS (PHSO IN EASTERN PROVINCE OF SRI LANKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thirunavukkarasu VELNAMPY

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Satisfaction is satisfying the needs and desires of the consumer (Besterfield, 1994. In case of public health service organizations, patient satisfaction is vital. Research attempts to determine factors affecting patient satisfaction in PHSOs; know the reliability and validity of items & factors of patient satisfaction and create a mathematical equation model for factors of patient satisfaction. Researcher selected 100 employees from only 3 government hospitals in Addalaichenai Divisional Secretariat of Ampara District. Data have been collected during the period of first quarter of 2013. Collected questionnaires have been analysed by a factor analysis and regression analysis. Core services, human element, non- human element and servicescape factors have been factors have been identified as determinants of patient satisfaction in public health service organizations. Cronbach alpha for core service, human element of the service, nonhuman element of the service and servicescapes are 0.819, 0.626, 0.965 and 0.783 respectively. Most of the items in factors have higher validity. Values of KMO for items of core service, human element of the service, non- human element of the service and servicescapes are 0.500, 0.554, 0.697 and 0.610 respectively. These values indicate that content and convergent validity are higher. Discriminant validity are lower statistically. In this study, Log log model is the best fitted model than linear models since core services, human element of the service and non- human of the service factors in the model explain 94% of total variation for patient satisfaction.

  1. DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL FACTORS INFLUENCING PUBLIC OPINION ON PROSTITUTION: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY IN KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Pudifin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines countervailing South African public opinion on the subject of prostitution in South Africa, and identifies the factors which might influence these attitudes. It also investigates the complex relationship between public opinion and the law. Whilst engaging in prostitution constitutes a criminal offence under the Sexual Offences Act 23 of 1957, it is generally ignored by the police, which results in a quasi-legalised reality on the ground. In recent years there has been growing demand for the decriminalisation of prostitution, and as a result the issue is currently under consideration by the South African Law Reform Commission. The Commission released a Discussion Paper on Adult ProSstitution in May 2009, and is expected to make recommendations to parliament for legal reform in this area. An exploratory survey of 512 South Africans revealed interesting correlations between opinion on prostitution and both demographic characteristics (including gender, age, race and education level and so-called "social" characteristics (including religiosity, belief in the importance of gender equality, the acceptance of rape myths, and a belief that prostitutes have no other options. The survey reveals two key findings in respect of the attitudes of South Africans to prostitution. Firstly, an overwhelming majority of South Africans - from all walks of life - remain strongly morally opposed to prostitution, and would not support legal reforms aimed at decriminalising or legalising prostitution. Secondly, our data confirm that these views are strongly influenced by certain demographic and 'social' variables. In particular, race, gender, religiosity, cohabitation status, and socio-economic status were found to be religiosity, cohabitation status, and socio-economic status were found to be statistically significantly related to opinions on prostitution, while other variables - particularly the belief in the importance of gender equality and the

  2. Attributes and perspectives of public providers related to provision of medical abortion at public health facilities in Vietnam: a cross-sectional study in three provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ngo TD

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Thoai D Ngo,1,2 Caroline Free,1 Hoan T Le,3 Phil Edwards,1 Kiet HT Pham,4 Yen BT Nguyen,4 Thang H Nguyen5 1Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; 2Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Team, Health System Department, Marie Stopes International, London, UK; 3Department of Environmental Health, 4Department of Health Economics, Hanoi Medical University, 5Research and Metrics Team, Marie Stopes International Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate attributes of public service providers associated with the provision of medical abortion in Vietnam. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study via interviewer-administered questionnaire among abortion providers from public health facilities in Hanoi, Khanh Hoa, and Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam between August 2011 and January 2012. We recruited abortion providers at all levels of Vietnam's public health service delivery system. Participants were questioned about their medical abortion provision practices and perspectives regarding abortion methods. Results: A total of 905 providers from 62 health facilities were included, comprising 525 (58.0% from Hanoi, 122 (13.5% from Khanh Hoa, and 258 (28.5% from Ho Chi Minh City. The majority of providers were female (96.7%, aged ≥25 years (94%, married (84.4%, and had at least one child (89%; 68.9% of providers offered only manual vacuum aspiration and 31.1% performed both medical abortion and manual vacuum aspiration. Those performing both methods included physicians (74.5%, midwives (21.7%, and nurses (3.9%. Unadjusted analyses showed that female providers (odds ratio 0.1; 95% confidence interval 0.01–0.30 and providers in rural settings (odds ratio 0.3; 95% confidence interval 0.08–0.79 were less likely to provide medical abortion than their counterparts. Obstetricians and gynecologists were more likely to provide medical abortion than providers with

  3. 我省传媒低碳经济宣传取向评析%Analysis of Publicity Orientation of the Media Low Carbon Economy in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝春涛

    2014-01-01

    Since the opening of Copenhagen climate conference in 2009,Shanxi province has tried its best to publicize low carbon economy. Electronic and print media have exerted good guiding influence. However,there are limited achievements in how to regulate audience's low carbon life. And more improvement will be needed in multi communication of we-media time.%2009年哥本哈根气候变化会议召开以来,我省传媒在宣传低碳经济方面不遗余力,电子、平面媒体不间断的议程设置,起到了很好的引导舆论作用。但在如何规范受众“低碳生活”方面建树尚为欠缺,自媒体时代的多向传播也有待于进一步开拓。

  4. 浅谈新时期公共图书馆在山西文化强省建设中的作用%On the Function of Public Library to the Construction of Shanxi Cultural Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美英

    2011-01-01

    实施文化强省战略,建设文化强省将成为山西"十二五"时期的一个奋斗目标。公共图书馆由于其独特的历史地位,在文化强省建设中有着举足轻重的作用,是文化强省建设的重要组成部分和不可或缺的部门。公共图书馆的基本职能就是利用馆藏信息资源为社会、公众提供服务。在实施文化强省战略中,要充分发挥图书馆信息资源与文化资源的优势和作用,为实现文化强省建设提供有力的精神动力和智力支持。%The implementation of the strategy of cultural province,constructing a strong cultural province will be the objective for Shanxi during the period of "The 12th Five-year Program".Because of its unique historical position,public library plays an important role in the construction of cultural province.It is one of the most important and indispensable parts of the construction.The basic function of public library is to provide service for the society and the public by using the collection of information resources.During the implementation of the strategy of cultural province,we should make full use of the advantages and functions of the information resources and cultural resources of the library,and provide spiritual motivation and intellectual support for the realization of constructing a strong cultural province.

  5. Environmental factors and public health policy associated with human and rodent infection by leptospirosis: a land cover-based study in Nan province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Della Rossa, P; Tantrakarnapa, K; Sutdan, D; Kasetsinsombat, K; Cosson, J-F; Supputamongkol, Y; Chaisiri, K; Tran, A; Supputamongkol, S; Binot, A; Lajaunie, C; Morand, S

    2016-05-01

    Leptospirosis incidence has increased markedly since 1995 in Thailand, with the eastern and northern parts being the most affected regions, particularly during flooding events. Here, we attempt to overview the evolution of human prevalence during the past decade and identify the environmental factors that correlate with the incidence of leptospirosis and the clinical incidence in humans. We used an extensive survey of Leptospira infection in rodents conducted in 2008 and 2009 and the human incidence of the disease from 2003 to 2012 in 168 villages of two districts of Nan province in Northern Thailand. Using an ad-hoc developed land-use cover implemented in a geographical information system we showed that humans and rodents were not infected in the same environment/habitat in the land-use cover. High village prevalence was observed in open habitat near rivers for the whole decade, or in 2008-2009 mostly in rice fields prone to flooding, whereas infected rodents (2008-2009) were observed in patchy habitat with high forest cover, mostly situated on sloping ground areas. We also investigated the potential effects of public health campaigns conducted after the dramatic flood event of 2006. We showed that, before 2006, human incidence in villages was explained by the population size of the village according to the environmental source of infection of this disease, while as a result of the campaigns, human incidence in villages after 2006 appeared independent of their population size. This study confirms the role of the environment and particularly land use, in the transmission of bacteria, emphasized by the effects of the provincial public health campaigns on the epidemiological pattern of incidence, and questions the role of rodents as reservoirs.

  6. 浙江省公众碳足迹的调查与分析%Analysis on the public carbon footprint of Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁智雄; 沈月琴; 吕秋菊; 赵胜君; 马银芳

    2012-01-01

    Development of low carbon economy and building low carbon society is a strategic choice for regional socio-economic development under the global wanning conditions, and the public is important impetus of it. The public's cognition of low carbon and "carbon footprint" directly reflects the condition of public low carbon life. In this study, Zhejiang Province was chose as research object, Hangzhou, Jiaxing, Cixi, and Lin'an as survey sites, 481 public were randomly chose to do the investigation, and 473 copies valid questionnaires were obtained. The public carbon footprint among the four places was analyzed through analysis of statistical description and multivariate regression model, and the results showed as follows: (l)Carbon footprint is deeply related to the development of economic and population; (2)Carbon footprint is quite different from every area, for transportation takes relatively major proportion in the structure of carbon footprint; (3)Meanwhile, multivariate regression model shows that: factors influence public carbon footprint mainly are gender, education degree,monthly income,household energy usage, and transportation. Finally, the conclusion are get and suggestions are proposed according to the results, in order to achieve low carbon life of public. [Ch, 6 tab. 11 ref.]%发展低碳经济、建设低碳社会是气候变化背景下区域经济社会发展的战略选择.公众是低碳社会建设的重要力量,公众“碳足迹”直接反映了公众低碳生活状况.以浙江省为研究对象,选择杭州、嘉兴、慈溪、临安作为调查地点,随机选择481名公众进行调查,获得有效问卷473份.通过统计描述和多元回归模型的分析方法,分析案例点公众的年平均碳排放水平.结果显示:①碳足迹与经济发展水平、人口规模密切相关;②不同地区碳足迹差异明显,在碳足迹结构中,交通碳足迹所占的比例较大;③多元回归模型显示,影响公众碳足迹的主要

  7. Breast cancer screening in women at increased risk according to different family histories: an update of the Modena Study Group experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cortesi Laura

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Breast cancer (BC detection in women with a genetic susceptibility or strong family history is considered mandatory compared with BC screening in the general population. However, screening modalities depend on the level of risk. Here we present an update of our screening programs based on risk classification. Methods We defined different risk categories and surveillance strategies to identify early BC in 1325 healthy women recruited by the Modena Study Group for familial breast and ovarian cancer. Four BC risk categories included BRCA1/2 carriers, increased, intermediate, and slightly increased risk. Women who developed BC from January 1, 1994, through December 31, 2005 (N = 44 were compared with the number of expected cases matched for age and period. BRCA1/2 carriers were identified by mutational analysis. Other risk groups were defined by different levels of family history for breast or ovarian cancer (OC. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR was used to evaluate the observed and expected ratio among groups. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results After a median follow-up of 55 months, there was a statistically significant difference between observed and expected incidence [SIR = 4.9; 95% confidence interval (CI = 1.6 to 7.6; p P P P = 0.0018 was higher than expected, while the difference between observed and expected among women at slightly increased risk was not statistically significant (SIR = 2.4, 95% CI = 0.9 to 8.3; P = .74. Conclusion The rate of cancers detected in women at high risk according to BRCA status or strong family history, as defined according to our operational criteria, was significantly higher than expected in an age-matched general population. However, we failed to identify a greater incidence of BC in the slightly increased risk group. These results support the effectiveness of the proposed program to identify and monitor individuals at high risk, whereas prospective trials are needed for

  8. Breast cancer screening in women at increased risk according to different family histories: an update of the Modena Study Group experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortesi, Laura; Turchetti, Daniela; Marchi, Isabella; Fracca, Antonella; Canossi, Barbara; Rachele, Battista; Silvia, Ruscelli; Rita, Pecchi Anna; Pietro, Torricelli; Massimo, Federico

    2006-01-01

    Background Breast cancer (BC) detection in women with a genetic susceptibility or strong family history is considered mandatory compared with BC screening in the general population. However, screening modalities depend on the level of risk. Here we present an update of our screening programs based on risk classification. Methods We defined different risk categories and surveillance strategies to identify early BC in 1325 healthy women recruited by the Modena Study Group for familial breast and ovarian cancer. Four BC risk categories included BRCA1/2 carriers, increased, intermediate, and slightly increased risk. Women who developed BC from January 1, 1994, through December 31, 2005 (N = 44) were compared with the number of expected cases matched for age and period. BRCA1/2 carriers were identified by mutational analysis. Other risk groups were defined by different levels of family history for breast or ovarian cancer (OC). The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was used to evaluate the observed and expected ratio among groups. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results After a median follow-up of 55 months, there was a statistically significant difference between observed and expected incidence [SIR = 4.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.6 to 7.6; p < 0.001]. The incidence observed among BRCA carriers (SIR = 20.3; 95% CI = 3.1 to 83.9; P < 0.001), women at increased (SIR = 4.5; 95% CI = 1.5 to 8.3; P < 0.001) or intermediate risk (SIR = 7.0, 95% CI = 2.0 to 17.1; P = 0.0018) was higher than expected, while the difference between observed and expected among women at slightly increased risk was not statistically significant (SIR = 2.4, 95% CI = 0.9 to 8.3; P = .74). Conclusion The rate of cancers detected in women at high risk according to BRCA status or strong family history, as defined according to our operational criteria, was significantly higher than expected in an age-matched general population. However, we failed to identify a greater incidence of BC in

  9. Investigating for the Status of Virtual Reference Service in Grassroots Public libraries in Liaoning Province%辽宁省基层公共图书馆虚拟参考咨询服务现状调研

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冰

    2012-01-01

    在分析辽宁省基层公共图书馆虚拟参考咨询服务发展现状的基础上,提出了辽宁省基层公共图书馆应当建立以辽宁省图书馆为中心,联合省内高校图书馆、科研院所图书馆,组成区域联合参考咨询联盟,并加入全国范围的联合参考咨询网,实行分布、实时、联合的图书馆参考咨询服务发展策略。%Based on the analysis of the present situation of Virtual Reference Service in the public grassroots libraries in Liaoning province,the article puts forward the public grassroots libraries in Liaoning province should establish regional cooperating digital inquiry union which makes Liaoning province library as the center joining with academic libraries and research institutions libraries and they also ought to attend the nationwide joint reference network.They should carry out the development strategy of distributed real-time cooperated Virtual Reference Service.

  10. Health care providers' opinions on abortion: a study for the implementation of the legal abortion public policy in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Silvina; Romero, Mariana; Ramón Michel, Agustina

    2014-09-24

    In Argentina, abortion has been decriminalized under certain circumstances since the enactment of the Penal Code in 1922. Nevertheless, access to abortion under this regulatory framework has been extremely limited in spite of some recent changes. This article reports the findings of the first phase of an operations research study conducted in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina, regarding the implementation of the local legal and safe abortion access policy. The project combined research and training to generate a virtuous circle of knowledge production, decision-making, and the fostering of an informed healthcare policy. The project used a pre-post design of three phases: baseline, intervention, and evaluation. It was conducted in two public hospitals. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire (n = 157) and semi-structured interviews (n = 27) were applied to gather information about tacit knowledge about the regulatory framework; personal opinions regarding abortion and its decriminalization; opinions on the requirements needed to carry out legal abortions; and service's responses to women in need of an abortion. Firstly, a fairly high percentage of health care providers lack accurate information on current legal framework. This deficit goes side by side with a restrictive understanding of both health and rape indications. Secondly, while a great majority of health care providers support abortion under the circumstances consider in the Penal Code, most of them are reluctant towards unrestricted access to abortion. Thirdly, health care providers' willingness to perform abortions is noticeably low given that only half of them are ready to perform an abortion when a woman's life is at risk. Willingness is even lower for each of the other current legal indications. Findings suggest that there are important challenges for the implementation of a legal abortion policy. Results of the study call for specific strategies targeting health care providers in order

  11. 浙江省公立医院慈善医疗救助现状与政策建议%Current Situation and Countermeasures of Charitable Medical Assistance in Public Hospitals in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭美亮; 厉芬芬; 郑思思; 梁雲洁; 陈浩; 曾春燕

    2016-01-01

    In the context that medical and health system reform is furthering, the voice that hospitals should return to public welfare nature and embody medical humanism is growing. The investment of public hospital in charity work is also increasing. To learn the current situation of charitable medical assistance work in some public hospitals in Zhejiang and promote it to a better development, the research group has investigated Health and Family Planning Commission of Zhejiang Province and more than ten large public hospitals in Hangzhou, Wenzhou, Taizhou and some other cities. On the basis of a number of interviews records and fully understanding of the process, funding sources and rescue objects of the current public hospital charity medical assistance, main problems of current charitable medical assistance system were discussed and analyzed. Existing difficulties in the process of public hospital charitable medical assistance were summarized, such as there are many chores in assistance work and the assistance coverage is small. Several targeted suggestions were put forward from the perspective of government and public hospitals including strengthening policy guidance, refining laws and regulations, establishing a charity department and improving the management system of charity fund.

  12. Brucellosis is not a major cause of febrile illness in patients at public health care facilities in Binh Thuan Province, Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.T.T. Nga; P.J. de Vries; T.H. Abdoel; H.L. Smits

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To determine the presence of brucellosis among patients with acute febrile illness at health care facilities in Binh Thuan province, Vietnam. Method: A retrospective seroepidemiological study on serum samples collected at 13 not adjacent health care facilities using the Rose Bengal test a

  13. Geochemical conditions and the occurrence of selected trace elements in groundwater basins used for public drinking-water supply, Desert and Basin and Range hydrogeologic provinces, 2006-11: California GAMA Priority Basin Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Michael T.; Fram, Miranda S.; Belitz, Kenneth

    2015-01-01

    The geochemical conditions, occurrence of selected trace elements, and processes controlling the occurrence of selected trace elements in groundwater were investigated in groundwater basins of the Desert and Basin and Range (DBR) hydrogeologic provinces in southeastern California as part of the Priority Basin Project (PBP) of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The GAMA PBP is designed to provide an assessment of the quality of untreated (raw) groundwater in the aquifer systems that are used for public drinking-water supply. The GAMA PBP is being conducted by the California State Water Resources Control Board in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

  14. Experimental analysis of the dynamic structural behaviour of the Hospital of Pievepelago (Modena); Analisi sperimentale del comportamento dinamico del poliambulatorio di Pievepelago a seguito dell`intervento di miglioramento antisismico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buffarini, Giacomo; Clemente, Paolo; Rinaldis, Dario [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1997-07-01

    The research work leading to this report is the result of a joint effort between the National Agency for New Technologies and the Environments and the Emilia Romagna regional council, that involved the Environmental Department of the National Agency for New Technologies and the Environments in the experimental analysis of the dynamic structural behaviour of the Hospital of Pievepelago (Modena). A strengthening design has been performed on behalf of the Pievepelago town council, and the Emilia Romagna regional council asked the National Agency for New Technologies and the Environments to study the effectiveness of the intervention by carrying out the analysis of the dynamic behaviour of the structure both before and after the works. The results of the first phase are shown in a previous report. This report is relative to the experimental study on the strengthened building.

  15. Experimental analysis of the dynamic structural behaviour of the Hospital of Pievepelago (Modena); Analisi sperimentale del comportamento dinamico del poliambulatorio di Pievepelago a seguito dell`intervento di miglioramento antisismico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buffarini, Giacomo; Clemente, Paolo; Rinaldis, Dario [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1997-07-01

    The research work leading to this report is the result of a joint effort between the National Agency for New Technologies and the Environments and the Emilia Romagna regional council, that involved the Environmental Department of the National Agency for New Technologies and the Environments in the experimental analysis of the dynamic structural behaviour of the Hospital of Pievepelago (Modena). A strengthening design has been performed on behalf of the Pievepelago town council, and the Emilia Romagna regional council asked the National Agency for New Technologies and the Environments to study the effectiveness of the intervention by carrying out the analysis of the dynamic behaviour of the structure both before and after the works. The results of the first phase are shown in a previous report. This report is relative to the experimental study on the strengthened building.

  16. Discussion on financing methods for establishing ecological public welfare forest in Jilin Province%关于吉林省地方公益林建设融资方式的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉林; 唐允森; 王军繁

    2009-01-01

    生态公益林建设的资金来源一直依赖于政府的财政投入,如何吸引非国有资本投入到生态公益林项目的建设中,成为需要探讨的新课题.本文结合生态公益林建设的具体特点,提出把BOT、PPP、TOT、PFI等目前国际新兴的基础设施项目融资方式,应用到地方生态公益林建设项目中,以缓解财政资金投入压力,加快吉林省生态环境建设的步伐.%The capital sources for establishing ecological public welfare forest have relied on government investment for a long time. How to attract the non-government capital for construction of the ecological public welfare forest project becomes an interesting topic. Considering the specific characteristics of ecological public welfare forest construction, we proposed that international emerging financing methods of infrastructure project such as build operate transfer (BOT), public private partnership (PPP), transfer operate transfer (TOT), private finance initiative (PFI) can be adopted in the local ecological public welfare forest construction, so as to alleviates the pressure of government investment and speeds up the step of ecological environment construction in Jilin Province.

  17. Income and health inequality across Canadian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaei, Jalil

    2007-09-01

    This paper uses the aggregate data from the Public Use Microdata Files (PUMF) of Canadian National Population Health Survey to estimate income related health inequalities across the ten Canadian provinces. The unique features of the PUMF allow for a meaningful cross-provincial comparison of health indices and their measured inequalities. It concludes that health inequalities favouring the higher income people do exist in all provinces when health status is either self assessed or measured by the health utility index. Moreover, it finds considerable variations in measured health inequalities across the provinces with consistent rankings for certain provinces.

  18. The teaching staff of the public education system in the period of the First Russian Revolution (1905–1907 years (on the materials of the Black Sea province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin V. Taran

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article on the basis of archival documents examines the role of teaching staff of educational institutions of the Black Sea province during the First Russian revolution. The attention is paid to the participation of students of senior classes in the revolutionary movement. Among the materials are the archival documents of central and regional archives, namely the state archive of the Russian Federation, Russian state military historical archive, the state archive of the Krasnodar Krai, the center for documentation of contemporary history of Krasnodar Krai and the archive department of historical museum of city-resort Sochi. The authors come to the conclusion that on the territory of the Black Sea province, the activities of significant part of the teaching staff were aimed at destabilization of the political situation, contributing to the overthrow of the existing government. Rather than to protect the high schools students from the influence of political propaganda and to return students to the classrooms, some teachers have contributed to reverse the process, encouraging the study of the political programs of the parties and the desire to participate in the revolutionary movement. As a result, the schoolchildren, minors with unsettled teenage psychology participated in various revolutionary actions, which could lead to the tragic consequences.

  19. Summary Public School Indicators for the Provinces and Territories, 2000/2001 to 2006/2007. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics. Research Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brockington, Riley

    2009-01-01

    This report provides trends on public school enrolments, educators and expenditures. It uses figures provided by provincial and territorial departments of education on public elementary and secondary schools. Tables and definitions are appended. A cumulative index is included. (Contains 80 charts, 35 tables and 5 endnotes.)

  20. Conceptual framework for public-private partnerships model for water services infrastructure assets: case studies from municipalities in the Limpopo and Gauteng provinces

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Matji, MP

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a framework for public-private partnerships PPP) in local government water services infrastructure. Water services infrastructure assets are key to the provision of basic services. Data were collected from various stakeholders, i...

  1. Study on the Strategy of Public Finance Supporting Non-governmental Higher Education in Guangdong Province%广东省公共财政支持民办高等教育的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕会东

    2016-01-01

    建立健全民办高等教育公共财政扶持体系,是当前促进广东民办高等教育健康发展的有力抓手。政府加大对民办高校的公共财政支持力度,是解决广东民办高校发展瓶颈的关键,也是实现教育公平和社会公平的有效途径。文章从公共财政支持民办教育的政策出发,阐述公共财政支持广东民办高等教育的必要性与可行性,并从直接支持和间接支持两方面分析广东省公共财政支持民办高等教育发展的现状,进而提出加强广东省公共财政支持民办高等教育的建议。%Establishing and improving public finance supporting system for non-governmental higher education is an important mean to promote the scientific development of non-governmental higher education in Guangdong .Using public finance intervention and increasing support by the government for non-governmental higher education is the key to effectively solve the existing prob-lems of non-governmental higher education in Guangdong , and is an effective way to truly realize education and social fairness . From the policy angle of using public finance for supporting non-governmental education , this paper expounds its necessity and feasibility in Guangdong Province , and in accordance to the two aspects of “direct support” and “indirect support”, it analyzes the current development status .From multiple angles of increasing financial aid , exploring student number based funding , and direct funding teachers and students it proposes the strategies and recommendations for public finance support of non -governmental higher education in Guangdong province .

  2. 基于江苏省公众气象服务效益的分析与研究%Benefit Analysis and Study of Public Meteorological Services in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于庚康; 申双和; 罗艳; 黄亮; 徐敏

    2012-01-01

    为了全面了解江苏省公众气象服务的现状以及为提升气象服务水平提供依据,2010年在江苏省范围内开展了公众气象服务调查,通过回收有效问卷,对公众获取气象信息的渠道、关注气象信息的情况、对天气预报准确率和满意率评价、对气象指数的关注程度以及公众参保意愿等进行了全面统计与分析。主要结果表明:目前,江苏省公众获取气象信息的主要渠道是电视、手机和网络;平时最关注的气象信息是未来1-3天的逐日天气预报;认为目前天气预报非常准确、准确和基本准确的比例共为94.9%,对目前天气预报服务总体状况评价为非常满意、满意、基本满意的共占92.9%。另外,对公众气象服务的经济效益也进行了评估,并对影子价格、自愿付费和节省费用法进行了对比,经比较发现“节省费用法”评估结果相对客观真实,即2010年江苏省公众气象服务效益约为8.66亿元。%In order to understand the present situation of public meteorological service in Jiangsu Province and provide scientific basis for promoting the weather service standard, a large-scale scientific and system- atic survey has been conducted for the public in 2010. Through collecting and analyzing the data from the social questionnaires, the following topics such as the channels of meteorological information, the public's attention to the meteorological information, the proportion of the public's attention to meteorological in- dex, the public's assessment of accuracy of weather forecasts and meteorological services and meteorologi- cal insurance were studied separately. The results showed that: (1) the main channels are TV, mobile phones and networks to getting public meteorological information in Jiangsu. (2) The daily weather fore- cast on future 1--3 days are more eoneerned by public than all of the others. (3) The percentage of re- spondents who

  3. 《广西出版史料》--区域性出版史料经眼录(九)%Guangxi Province Publication Chronicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范军; 宋泉

    2016-01-01

    三十多年来,广西的出版史料搜集、整理、出版和研究取得了显著成就。以《广西出版史志资料》为代表的史料编辑成果,收集了从雕版印刷时期到20世纪90年代末广西的出版史料,时间跨度大、史料翔实,展现了广西出版的历史与成就,为综合性的大型区域出版史的编写与当今的出版实践提供了重要的资源。%Over the past thirty years, the colection, colation, publication and research of Guangxi publication archives has made remarkable achievements. As the iconic work of Guangxi publishing history materials, Guangxi Publication Archives colected the publishing historical data of Guangxi from the age of block printing til 1990s, with long time span and rich history materials. The Archives revealed the history and achievement of the publishing industry in Guangxi, and offered important resources for both the composing of comprehensive regional publishing history and the current publication practice.

  4. 雍正朝河南省耗羡归公政策研究%On the Policy of 'Return of Meltage Fees to the Public Coffers' in Henan Province during Emperor Yongzheng's Reign

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学深; 房蓉

    2012-01-01

    Since his assumption of the throne,Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty had been pushing forward a series of reform initiatives,one of which was the enactment of the policy of "returning meltage fees to the public coffers".This policy had played a positive role in narrowing the gaping deficits in local governments' budgets,enriching the imperial treasury,and alleviating the burden on the people.This paper,taking the implementation of the policy of "returning meltage fees to the public coffers" in Henan Province as an example,conducts a textual research on the start date of such a policy in Henan and on the practical uses of the returned meltage fees,so as to gain an insight into the policy's overall implementation.%雍正帝自执政之始就推动了一系列的改革,耗羡归公是其中的一项政策,此政策对于弥补各地亏空,充实国库,减轻人民负担等起着促进作用。本文以河南省推行耗羡归公为例,通过考证河南省耗羡归公的起始日期及耗羡银用途,以窥见耗羡归功政策的实施。

  5. Survey of human resources for public health workers at the povertystricken minority county, Guizhou Province%贵州省少数民族贫困县公共卫生队伍现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡健; 武飚; 吴园园

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解贵州省少数民族贫困县公共卫生队伍现状.方法 2010年8月选取贵州省黔东南苗族侗族自治州三穗县对县级公共卫生人员(疾病预防控制中心、妇幼保健院人员)及乡级公共卫生人员(10个乡镇卫生院防保组人员)共83人进行问卷调查.结果 乡级公共卫生人员21人.平均每千人口乡级公共卫生人员0.08人;乡级公共卫生人员缺编率为84.4%;乡级公共卫生人员执业助理医师占61.9%,执业医师占9.5%,注册护士占28.6%;中专医学学历占66.6%,大专占33.4%;无预防医学专业教育背景;职称均为初级;各乡镇乡级公共卫生人员人口分布的洛伦兹曲线离绝对公平线较远;职称晋升困难;工资待遇、住房条件低(差)于同龄同学历县级公共卫生人员.结论 乡级公共卫生人员严重短缺,结构不合理,业务素质较低,分布公平性较差;工作与生活条件待改善.%OBJECTIVE To describe the current situation of human resources for public health workers at the poverty-stricken minority county, Guizhou Province. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 83 public health workers at the county center for disease control and prevention, maternal and child health hospital, and 10 township health centers of Sansui county, Qiandongnan autonomous prefecture of Miao and Dong minorities, Guizhou province in August 2010. RESULTS A total of 21 public health workers were reported at township health centers. The results also showed an average of 0.08 person of public health workers at township health centers per 1 000 population. The percentage of job vacancies at township health centers was 84.4%. About 61.9% of the respondents at township health centers worked as assistants of medical doctors, 9.5% as medical doctors, and 28.6% as registered nurses. 66.6% were graduated from the technical secondary medical school, 33.4% from the junior medical college. Respondents at

  6. 江苏省公众气象服务效益调查问卷设计分析%Analysis on the Questionnaire Design of Public Meteorological Service Benefit in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于庚康; 罗艳; 于堃; 赵小艳; 黄亮; 高苹

    2011-01-01

    问卷设计的质量直接影响到问卷的数据搜集和结果分析.结合江苏省公众气象服务效益调查问卷设计,提出控制问卷设计质量,要从前期的准备工作、遵循设计的原则、技巧和后期的问卷检测3个环节着手.重点阐述设计江苏省公众气象服务效益调查问卷时遵循的原则和技巧,表明问卷设计时如果能保持中立的立场,考虑到被调查者情况,表达尽量口语化,设计注意人性化,设计少而精的开放式问题、把握问卷的度,基本可以确保调查数据的真实、准确,保证调查问卷的质量.%The quality of questionnaire design had a direct influence on the data compilation and results analysis of questionnaire. Combining with the questionnaire design of public meteorological service benefit in Jiangsu Province, the control of questionnaire design quality was put forward, namely, we should develop from three aspects: first, preliminary preparation work, second, following the design rules and skills,third, final questionnaire detection. The rules and skills what should be followed at the time of designing the questionnaire of public meteorological service benefit in Jiangsu Province were elaborated mainly. It indicated that if we want to keep a position of neutrality at the time of questionnaire design, the situation of respondents, colloquial expressions, humanity design, designing few but best open questions, mastering the measure of questionnaire should be considered, thus, the reality and accuracy of investigated data can be ensured basically, finally, the quality of questionnaire was ensured.

  7. 河南省公共服务与经济发展协调性动态评价%Dynamic Quantitative Studies on the Coordination of Public Service Provision and Economy Development in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高军波; 颜俊; 张迁; 樊勇

    2015-01-01

    According to the definition of coordination between public service provision and economy development, an evaluation index model was constructed including ten aspects: primary education, health services, social security services, culture and leisure services, infrastructure services, environmental protection services, regional economy lev-el, industrial structure, fixed assets investment, urban and rural per capita income.The method of entropy weighing TOPSIS was used in a case study of Henan province with the sample period of 2000—2010.The results showed that the coordination level of public services provision and economy development was low, which stayed in a relatively uncoordi-nated and general coordinated level and held a wide gap with the ideal optimal state during past 11 years in Henan province.The coordinated state had a U-shaped fluctuation, and the improvement coefficient of each year didn’ t have the trend of increasing year by year, which indicated that we should pay more attention to the coordination status in-duced from the existence deterioration risk due to the discontinuous growth of improvement coefficient.%通过构建公共服务与经济发展协调性评价指标体系,借助熵权TOPSIS法,对河南省2000—2010年的公共服务供给与经济发展协调性进行量化动态评价。结果表明:河南省11年间公共服务供给与经济发展协调等级总体较低,处于“较不协调”和“一般协调”水平,与理想最优的协调状态还有较大差距;公共服务与经济发展协调状态呈U型波动,各年之间的改善系数并未出现持续递增趋势,河南省公共服务与经济发展协调状态存在“恶化”的风险,需要密切关注。最后提出相应对策建议。

  8. Shopping for high-technology treatment in another province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Revah, Giselle; Bell, Chaim

    2007-05-01

    In order to address long healthcare waits, political and professional groups have recommended sending patients to other provinces for diagnostic procedures or treatment. We investigated the feasibility of such recommendations, specifically, whether residence in one province can impede access to MRIs in another province. We contacted all public MRI facilities in Canada and found no difference in wait times between prospective in- and out-of-province patients, although wait times were highly variable from province to province. Over one-fifth (19/86=22%) of centres imposed barriers for out-of-province patients to access care. We discuss several jurisdictional, financial and logistic considerations regarding the feasibility and appropriateness of implementing a national strategy of interprovincial patient transfer for healthcare.

  9. Environmental Health Program Implementation at Public Health Center (PHC in Tuban District East Java Province (Analysis Data of National Health Fasilities Research 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mugeni Sugiharto

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Environmental health program is preventive in activities to improve environmental health quality hence it is useful to improve life quality and human health and is in accord with Kepmenkes RI No 1428/2006 and this environmental health program is mandatory to perform in Puskesmas. Objective: The study was to elaboratie the difference of environmental health program implementation between urban Public Health Care (PHC and rural PHC, difference of environmental health program performance output based on environmental health staff and availability and feedback giving among PHCs. Methods: Comparative analysis through descriptive method is in form of Rifaskes 2011 table and graphic from secondary data. Population was PHC in Tuban District and it was used as total sample and PHC as analysis unit. Result: PHC in Tuban Regency had not been optimum in performing all environmental health programs. Difference between urban and rural PHCs were the urban PHC didn’t perform all kesling program while the rural PHC performed all environmental health program albeit non maximum. There was difference between sanitarian staff availability between PHCs including in reaching output and there was difference between PHCs that perform performance assessment by obtaining feedback only 9 (27% PHCs, and feedback benefit had not been influencing environmental health program performance improvement. Less than 50% PHC obtained performance “good” category on public places assessment and other environmental health program was still categorized “poor.” Conclusion: There was difference of environmental health program implementation among PHCs and sanitary staff availability that still lack and feedback benefit had not been effecting environmental health program performance improvement.

  10. Study on Compensation Mechanism of Public Psychiatric Hospitals in Zhejiang Province under Drugs' Zero-profit Policy%药品零差价下浙江省公立精神病医院补偿机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高养利; 方谦谦

    2016-01-01

    After the implementation of drugs' zero-profit policy in hospitals of Zhejiang province, "One minus, two adjustments, and one compensation" (i.e., reduce drug costs, adjust medical service charges, adjust the relevant health policy, increase government investment appropriately) was adopted to make compensation for the normal operation of the hospital. However, due to the insufficient government investment, new problems including decline of average outpatient expenditure and increase of average inpatient expenditure occurred after the reform. This article discussed how to establish a reasonable cost compensation mechanism in public psychiatric hospitals so as to provide guidance and evidences to the reform of public psychiatric hospitals after the implementation of drugs' zero-profit policy.%浙江省医院药品销售取消差价以后,主要是采取“一减二调一补”(即:减少药品费用,调整医疗服务收费,调整相关医保政策,适当增加政府投入)的手段弥补医院的正常运行。但由于政府财政投入不足,导致改革以后医院出现门诊均费下降,住院均费上涨等新问题产生。本文重点探讨了公立精神病医院如何建立合理的成本补偿机制,以期为实行药品零差价销售后公立精神病医院的改革提供理论指导和科学依据。

  11. Expansion in ifxed assets and debt ifnancing analysis of county public hospital in Shandong province%山东省县级公立医院固定资产扩张与债务融资分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦杰; 周金玲

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand expansion in fixed assets and debt financing of county public hospital from 2006 to 2010 in Shandong province. Methods:Qualitative and quantitative,descriptive analysis and comparison analysis were used. Results:During 2006-2012,expansion of fixed assets had good economic returns,but there had been rapid growth in inspection fees. It was also found that government funding was relatively lower in the financing expansion while bank borrowings were higher and long-term solvency decreased year by year. Conclusion:It is suggested to refine responsibility of government investment,strengthen awareness of the county's public hospital debt management as well as adjust the configuration and use of large-scale medical equipment.%目的:了解2006—2012年山东省县级公立医院固定资产扩张以及债务融资情况。方法:定性与定量、描述分析与对比分析等方法。结果:2006—2012年县级公立医院扩张的固定资产经济效益良好,但也出现了检查费用过快增长,同时发现扩张的筹资中政府投入较低,银行借款较高,且长期偿债能力逐年降低。结论:细化政府的投资责任;加强县级公立医院债务管理的意识;调节大型医用设备的配置及使用规范。

  12. Towards more effective academic liaison between academics, students and practitioners in the field of public administration and management in the North West Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Nealer

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available In the light of the changing tertiary education arena in South Africa, the Department of Public Management and Governance in the School for Social and Government Studies of the Arts Faculty, North-West University (NWU had to revisit its policy on macro organisational aspects. Issues such as more effective communication mediums, the merging and alignment of the University’s three campuses, the nature of the ever-increasing competition in the tertiary residential and distance teaching environment, the range, variety and quality of its products and the facilitation and rendering of an improved tertiary teaching service were identified. In this article the typical nature of the intra, inter and extra academic liaison regarding the Department at NWU are highlighted and some recommendations on more effective communication and work procedures as a result of academic liaison are presented. Examples being that academics and practitioners need to meet more frequently, upgrade effective communication media among them and undertake joint research in a more cooperative manner.

  13. 浙江省县级公立医院改革政策及实施进展%Policies and progress of the county-level public hospital reform in Zhejiang province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敬; 马伟杭; 王桢; 申屠正荣; 俞新乐; 徐飞鸿

    2014-01-01

    Covered in the paper are the policies and progress of the county-level public hospital reform in the province,and a summarized analysis of the self-appraisal reports and hospital reform statements submitted by the health authorities and up to 300 hospitals in 79 counties of the province.As found in the papers,the ongoing reform in Zhejiang is focused on reforming the business models in place,seeking breakthroughs from the zero mark-up policy on drug sales,in addition to such policies as reducing drug costs,adjusting medical service pricing,financial subsidies,and medical insurance payment reforms.Despite the initial success,further policy studies are needed in terms of internal management,upper and lower linkage,and personnel incentives.%介绍了目前浙江省县级公立医院改革的具体政策及实施进展,并对全省79个县市的卫生行政部门及参与改革的近300家医院所提交的县级公立医院改革自评报告等进行归纳总结,认为浙江省现行的改革政策主要是围绕经济运行机制改革开展的,其以药品零差率为突破口,实施了一系列的减少药品费用、调整医疗服务价格、落实财政补助、改革医保支付方式等具体政策,并取得了初步成效.但同时应注意到,对内部管理、上下联动协作、人事激励分配等新机制的配套政策研究,仍需进一步深入.

  14. Species distribution and antifungal susceptibility patterns of Candida isolates from a public tertiary teaching hospital in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mnge, P; Okeleye, B I; Vasaikar, S D; Apalata, T

    2017-05-15

    Candida species are the leading cause of invasive fungal infections, and over the past decade there has been an increased isolation of drug resistant Candida species. This study aimed to identify the species distribution of Candida isolates and to determine their unique antifungal susceptibility and resistance patterns. During a cross-sectional study, 209 Candida isolates (recovered from 206 clinical samples) were collected and their species distribution was determined using ChromAgar Candida. The Vitek-2 system (Biomerieux, South Africa) was used to determine minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to azoles (fluconazole, voriconazole), echinocandins (caspofungin, micafungin), polyenes (amphotericin B) and flucytosine. Four species of Candida were isolated, of which C. albicans was the most frequent, isolated in 45.4% (95/209) of the isolates, followed by C. glabrata: 31.1% (65/209). The MICs of the different antifungal drugs varied amongst the species of Candida. From the 130 isolates tested for MICs, 90.77% (112/130) were susceptible to all antifungal drugs and 6.9% (9/130) of the isolates were multi-drug resistant. C. dubliniensis (n=2) isolates were susceptible to all the above mentioned antifungal drugs. There was no significant difference in species distribution amongst clinical specimens and between patients' genders (P>0.05). An increase in MIC values for fluconazole and flucytosine towards the resistance range was observed. To our knowledge, this is the first report on surveillance of Candida species distribution and antifungal susceptibility at a public tertiary teaching hospital in Eastern Cape, South Africa.

  15. Evaluation of the Rural Human Settlement in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hong; Shen Meiyu; Chen Xiangxiang

    2012-01-01

    Taking Shandong Province as the research object, this paper uses the principal component analysis method to evaluate the status of the rural human settlement in Shandong Province. It establishes the evaluation index system of the rural residential environment in Shandong Province, including living environment, economy, infrastructure, public service facilities, and ecological environment, in total five comprehensive index, and 20 second~ ary indexes. Through measurement and sorting of rural human environment development level of Shandong Province in 2010, the 17 cities are divided into-excellent, good, ordinary, poor-four development areas and are analyzed based on the restriction factor in the development of the region.

  16. 福建省海产品冷链物流公共信息平台探讨%Discussion about Seafood Cold -chain Logistics Public Information Platform in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡婉坤; 叶罛

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of rich fish resources in Fujian Province,this article elaborated that the main individuals of seafood supply chain,including fishermen /suppliers,logistics companies,retailers,face some problems such as logistics cost waves and undevelopment of small and medium enterprises due to the shortage of information sharing.We drew a conclusion from the successful experience of logistics information platform abroad and built an e-commerce cold -chain logistics public information platform in Fujian based on seafood supply chain to integrate logistics resources into information resources and then achieve win-win goal.%文中从福建省渔业资源丰富的区域优势出发,阐述了福建省个体渔户/供应商、物流企业、零售商等海产品供应链主体在缺乏信息共享下,出现物流成本巨大,中小企业难以发展的问题。最终借鉴国内外成功物流信息平台经验,构建了以福建省为主导的区域性电子商务型基于海产品供应链的冷链物流公共信息平台,有效整合物流资源和货源信息,实现多方共赢。

  17. Survey and Analysis of Public Awareness of Biodiversity Conservation in Southwest Guangxi Province%广西西南石灰岩地区公众生物多样性保护意识研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨钙仁; 翁永艳; 熊建华; 杨艳; 雷世满; 彭军

    2009-01-01

    采用问卷与访谈相结合的方法,调查了广西西南石灰岩地区板利、岜盆、德孚等3个自然保护区公众(乡村居民、小学教师和小学生)生态环境保护意识和行为倾向.结果表明:在3个常见生态学名词中,成年公众对生态平衡的知晓度最高,物种灭绝次之,生物多样性最低;小学教师对常见生态学名词的总体知晓度最高,小学生次之,乡村居民最低;成年公众对植物生态环境作用的认知度比对动物高,但在保护倾向上,对后者的支持率高于前者.乡村居民对保护区的主要关注点为保护成效和保护区对其利益的影响,小学教师主要关注保护区保护对象以及保护成效;大多数成年公众关注到自然环境的变化,广西西南石灰岩地区成年公众对其周边自然环境的满意度高于中国其他地区;83.4%的公众表示支持保护区工作,保护区居民易于接受沼气池、节柴灶等可再生与节能的能源利用方式.%An inquiry using both questionnaire and interview was carried on the residents living near 3 nature reserves ( Banli, Bapen and De-fu) in limestone area, southwest Guangxi Province.Results showed that the rate of cognition to the 3 ecological terms by the adults was in the order of ecological balance > species extinction > biodiversity. Among the three audiences groups participated in the survey the rate of cognition was in the order of elementary school teachers > school children > villagers. The public audiences had higher rate of recognition on the ecological and environmental impact of plants than animals. However, support rate of protecting animals was higher than that of plants. The main focus of the villagers was the impact of the nature reserves on their interest. The elementary school teachers tended to focus more on the object of protection and the effectiveness of the protection efforts. The majority of the audiences were aware of the change in natural environment. The

  18. Identificación precoz de bebedores de riesgo en empleados públicos de la provincia de Cádiz Early identification of drinkers at risk in public employment in Cadiz province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Noelia Ramírez Olmedo

    2010-06-01

    society. Aim: The early identification of drinkers at risk in public employment in the Cádiz Province. Materials and Methods: This was an observational, descriptive, transversal study of the epidemiological and working characteristics of the alcohol consumption levels of 556 workers who attended the Health Screening Department of the Cádiz Province Work-Related Risk Prevention Centre. Social-demographic data was collected using a semi-structured format. The AUDIT, GHQ 28, ISCA questionnaires were applied and the GGT, GOT, GPT and VCM biochemical parameters were determined. Descriptive statistics were carried out and expressed as the mean and standard deviation for the quantitative variables and as percentages for the qualitative ones. Chi squared and Pearson's correlation were used as contrast statistics in the univariant analysis. A value of p35. 22.5% presented a GHQ 28≥6, most of them being women. In ISCA, 9 men and 9 women were observed to have risk level consumption. The most significant correlation was that obtained between ISCA-AUDIT with r=0.63 and with p=0.01. Conclusions: 81% of the workers included in this study were low risk drinkers and 7% were high risk according to the AUDIT questionnaire. This leads us to suggest that specific strategies should be established aimed at identifying and preventing alcohol-related problems in the workplace.

  19. 河南省杞县60Co卡源事件居民认知研究%Public knowledge and attitudes towards the 60Co incident in Qixian County,Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷翠萍; 张冰洁; 窦书林; 苏旭; 程晓军; 张钦富; 孙全富; 傅颖华; 楚彩芳; 秦卫东; 赵艳芳; 王洪卫

    2011-01-01

    ,Henan Province.Methods From March to April 2010,23 hamlets and 2 schools from 5 towns in Qixian County were selected,while 3 hamlets and 2 schools from 3 towns were used as control in Huixian County,1 35 km away where no any impact of the incident was found.Face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted among three groups including mass public,elite public(representatives of public opinion,such as physicians,teachers,govemmental officials,administrative personnel,private entrepreneurs),and middie school students(the third grade students in junior middle schools and the first grade students in senior middle schools).Results A total of 1 340 valid questionnaires were collected.The public knowledge levels about radiation and nuclear power were low among all groups in two areas and public knowledge levels in Qixian County were higher than those in Huixian County.In both areas.the knowledge levels of the students were higher tIIan those among the elite public,and that among the general public were the lowest.The knowledge levels of males and those with higher educational levels were higher than those of females and those with lower educational levels.More than 40.0% of the respondents supported the idea to build nuclear power plants in China.but only a small part of them supported to build nuclear power plants in their own areas.The percentages of opponents against local nuclear power plant construction were especially higher among the students and those with higher educational levels.More than 60% of the mass public and elite public believed the explanation of the government.More than 80% of the respondents held negative attitudes towards the performance of the Qixian County Government in dealing with this incident.The student gave the lowest evaluation of the credibility and the specific performance of the local government,whereas the elite public placed themselves between the students and the mass public.The reasons why the local people left their homes to evade risk included

  20. Analysis of the Effects of Controlling Cost in Jiangxi Provinces' Public Hospitals under the Background of New Health System Reform%新医改背景下江西省公立医院控费效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁黎霞; 路玲; 王素珍

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the patients' cost change in Jiangxi Provinces' public hosptials under the background of new health system reform. Methods: Selecting outpatient and inpatient cost data from 2008 to 2011 from national health statistics information network,and do Excel analysis. Results: The effects of controlling cost are overall good. Conclusion: Basic drug system should be con tinued to be implemented, the medical seperation be explored, the reform of the Medicare payment methods be promoted, health service information be announced, and the appraisal system be improved.%目的:分析新医改背景下江西省公立医院病人费用变化情况.方法:从国家卫生统计信息网络直报系统选取2008年到2011年江西省各级公立医院门诊和住院病人费用的数据,并将其录入Excel进行统计分析.结果:江西省公立医院病人费用总体控制情况较好.2011年与2008年按可比价格比较,江西省公立医院次均门诊费用、药费、检查费分别上涨-9.7%、7.9%、39.8%,全国对应为20.1%、18.7%和22.1%;江西省公立医院人均住院费用、药费、检查费涨幅分别为15.9%、8.7%和72.7%,全国对应为19.2%、-1.1%和6.8%.其中,检查费用涨幅普遍高于全国平均水平,但绝对数远低于全国.结论:继续贯彻落实基本药物制度,探索医药分开,推进医保付费方式改革,公开医疗卫生服务信息,完善绩效考核制度.

  1. 湖北省县级公立医院经济运营效率分析%Financial efficiency analysis at the county level public hospitals in Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方子

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省县级公立医院改革试点医院2011年-2013年经济运行状况及经营效率,发现其中存在的问题。方法:通过定性与定量、t检验与对比分析等方法,研究经济运行现状及其变化发展趋势。结果:试点医院固定资产收益率低于流动资产收益率,改革前后收益率无显著差异。业务收支在2012年扭亏为盈,但低于全国平均水平。卫生人员服务效率逐年提高,药品收入逐年下降。结论:提出了合理配置和利用卫生资源、强化医院财务风险管理制度、保障医务人员劳动价值体现、健全政府补偿机制等政策建议。%Objectives: To study the pilot reform of public hospitals at the county level hospitals in Hubei province from 2011 to 2013 the economic operation condition and operation efficiency and find problems. Methods:By means of qualitative and quantitative analysis, and methods of comparative analysis, research status and change trend of economic operation. Results:The people's hospital of fixed rate of return on assets is lower than the current assets, business income and expenses to profitability in 2013, health personnel service efficiency increase year by year, drug income decline year by year., the research status and change trend of economic operation. Conclusion:Suggestions such as putting forward reasonable configuration and use of health resources, to strengthen the hospital financial risk management system, guaranteeing the embodiment of the medical staff labor value and improving the compensation mechanism are presented.

  2. Uranium Provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Three uranium provinces are recognized in China, the Southeast China uranium province, the Northeast China-lnner Mongolia uranium province and the Northwest China (Xinjiang) uranium province. The latter two promise good potential for uranium resources and are major exploration target areas in recent years. There are two major types of uranium deposits: the Phanerozoic hydrothermal type (vein type) and the Meso-Cenozoic sandstone type in different proportions in the three uranium provinces. The most important reason or prerequisite for the formation of these uranium provinces is that Precambrian uranium-enriched old basement or its broken parts (median massifs) exists or once existed in these regions, and underwent strong tectonomagmatic activation during Phanerozoic time. Uranium was mobilized from the old basement and migrated upwards to the upper structural level together with the acidic magma originating from anatexis and the primary fluids, which were then mixed with meteoric water and resulted in the formation of Phanerozoic hydrothermal uranium deposits under extensional tectonic environments. Erosion of uraniferous rocks and pre-existing uranium deposits during the Meso-Cenozoic brought about the removal of uranium into young sedimentary basins. When those basins were uplifted and slightly deformed by later tectonic activity, roll-type uranium deposits were formed as a result of redox in permeable sandstone strata.

  3. 铁肩担道义——《湖南省县(市、区)公共图书馆服务公约》解读%Understanding The Service Pledge of County ( City, District ) Public Library of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖希明

    2011-01-01

    The Service Pledge of County ( City, District ) Public Library of Hunan Province is declaration issued by director of the grass- roots public library facing "open to public free of charge", the new development environment and opportunities. It reflects advanced concepts of librarians of the grass - roots public library , demonstrates the solemn commitment of the grass - roots public library to society and expresses the brave spirit of librarians of the grass - roots public library.%《湖南省县(市、区)公共图书馆服务公约》是基层公共图书馆馆长面临“免费开放”这一新的发展环境和机遇而发表的宣言,它体现了基层图书馆人先进的理念,昭示了基层图书馆对社会的庄严承诺,表达了基层图书馆人勇敢担当的精神。

  4. 公共卫生水平的地区差异及对策研究——基于山东省17地市的实证分析%Regional differences of public health care level and solutions:based on the analysis of areas in Shandong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付冷冷; 刘路; 韦霖

    2011-01-01

    近年来,山东省公共卫生水平有了明显提高,但地区差异较大。以2009年山东省17地市相关统计数据为基础,利用因子分析法计算出各地区公共卫生水平的总体得分,并通过聚类分析将各地区公共卫生状况分为三大类别,总结出各类别地区公共卫生的总体特点与差异,提出促进公共卫生地区间均等化发展的对策建议。%In recent years,public health care level was obviously beeb improved in Shandong province,but regional differences is big.Based on the data of 17 areas of shandong province in 2009,the levels of public health care development in different regions are asce

  5. 新医改形势下安徽省县级综合性公立医院发展能力分析%Analysis on dvelopment ability of county level public hospitals under new health care reform in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉华; 丁宏; 周成红; 叶腾飞; 童小云

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze development capacity and trend of general public hospitals at the county level in Anhui province , to provided decision-marking reference for public hospital reform policy optimization.Methods 59 general public hospitals at the county level in Anhui province which had complete financial data in 2007-2013 was selected as the research sample , analyzed the changes and trends of hospitals average net assets growth rate and medical income growth rate .Results From 2007 to 2013, general public hospitals at the county level in Anhui province hospitals average annual net assets growth rate was 21.9%, while declining year-on-year.And hospitals average annual medical income growth rate was 21.36%, year-on-year growth was on the decline .Average net assets and medical income of northern Anhui hospitals were significantly higher than middle and southern part of Anhui province .Conclusions General public hospitals at the county level in Anhui province net assets scale increased year by year , to enhance development potential .Medical income increased year by year , constantly improve the service supply ability .Development speed differences between regions , the net assets and the medical income of northern Anhui grow faster .%目的:分析安徽省县级综合性公立医院发展能力及趋势,为公立医院改革政策优化提供决策参考。方法获取2007—2013年度财务数据完整的安徽省59家县级综合性公立医院为研究样本,分析院均净资产增长率及医疗业务收入增长率变化与趋势。结果2007—2013年间,全省县级综合性公立医院院均净资产年平均增长速度为21.9%,环比增长率呈下降趋势;院均医疗收入年平均增长速度为21.36%,环比增长率呈下降趋势;皖北地区院均净资产和医疗医务收入环比增长率均明显高于皖中和皖南地区。结论安徽省县级综合性公立医院净资产规模逐年增长,发展潜力

  6. Refractory Minerals in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Qinguo; LI Jing; LIU Jiehua; LIU Yanjun

    2004-01-01

    Henan province is very rich in refractory minerals of many varieties including silica, dolomite, graphite,pearlite, sepiolite, olivine, and sillimanite group minerals, besides the abundant reserves of fireclay and bauxite,which lay a good foundation for the development of the refractories industry of the province. The paper introduces the reserves, distribution and character of the refractory minerals in Henan province.

  7. 公安机关涉诉信访治理法治化研究--以四川省公安系统的探索为例%The Legalization of Citizen Petition Concerning Litigation of Public Security Organs---The Exploration of Public Security System in Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱奎彬; 罗娟

    2015-01-01

    公安涉诉信访的既有治理模式下的诸多努力虽然已经取得一定成效,但依然存在缠访、闹访、越级访等不正常现象,反思既有涉诉信访应对机制上的缺陷十分必要。为了维护信访秩序,发展并完善公安机关的涉诉信访治理体系,就必须将治理进一步纳入法治化轨道,将法治化贯穿到公安涉诉信访治理的理念、制度与实践中。在考察全国公安信访总体治理模式背景下,以四川省公安机关探索与实践为基本关注对象,对其涉诉信访的法治化进行了系统考察。当前,应当从树立法治信仰、建立公安机关信访分流机制、完善联动机制、依法终结涉诉信访等方面完善公安涉诉信访的法治化治理路径。%Although the established governance model of dealing with citizen petition concerning lawsuit has achieved certain success in public security organs,there are still such problems involved in citizen petition as en-tangled,trouble -making,and ranks -jumping visits or correspondences.So defects and limitations of the present mechanism for coping with citizen petition must be reflected.Making the conception of rule -of -law the fundamental principle through the idea,regulation and practice of governance of citizen petition is necessary in order to keep it in order and improve this governance system.This article explored comprehensively the citi-zen petition lawsuit practices of Sichuan Province in the context of the national governance and a systematic sur-vey was made of the legalization of its citizen petition.Further measures must be taken to better the legalization approach of citizen petition by establishing the faith for the rule of law,set up the diversion mechanism of citizen petition,improving linkage mechanism and ending the citizen petition concerning lawsuit through legal proce-dures.

  8. European type-approval test procedure for evaporative emissions from passenger cars against real-world mobility data from two Italian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martini, Giorgio; Paffumi, Elena; De Gennaro, Michele; Mellios, Giorgos

    2014-07-15

    This paper presents an evaluation of the European type-approval test procedure for evaporative emissions from passenger cars based on real-world mobility data. The study relies on two large databases of driving patterns from conventional fuel vehicles collected by means of on-board GPS systems in the Italian provinces of Modena and Firenze. Approximately 28,000 vehicles were monitored, corresponding to approximately 36 million kilometres over a period of one month. The driving pattern of each vehicle was processed to derive the relation between trip length and parking duration, and the rate of occurrence of parking events against multiple evaporative cycles, defined on the basis of the type-approval test procedure as 12-hour diurnal time windows. These results are used as input for an emission simulation model, which calculates the total evaporative emissions given the characteristics of the evaporative emission control system of the vehicle and the ambient temperature conditions. The results suggest that the evaporative emission control system, fitted to the vehicles from Euro 3 step and optimised for the current type-approval test procedure, could not efficiently work under real-world conditions, resulting in evaporative emissions well above the type-approval limit, especially for small size vehicles and warm climate conditions. This calls for a revision of the type-approval test procedure in order to address real-world evaporative emissions.

  9. Nine Provinces Submerged

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU YUNYUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ After being plagued with severe drought earlier this year,the southern part of China has been ravaged by heavy rainfall since May. According to the China Meteorological Administration (CMA),from June 23-25 a new round of storms swept the southern part of the country including all nine provinces in the south.It was the 11th round of storms since May 5,said CMA.

  10. 76 FR 80870 - Notice of Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Notice of Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province... the public that we are recognizing the Southern and Central Oases in the southern half of Mendoza... information to support a finding that the Mendoza Province is free of the South American ] fruit fly...

  11. A Case Study of a Joint Virtual Reference Network in Jiangsu Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bing Wang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses the development of a collaborative digital reference service in Jiangsu Province, China. 13 city and 6 county libraries have participated in the Joint Reference Network of Public Libraries in Jiangsu Province hosted by Nanjing Library.

  12. Analysis on epidemiological characteristics of public health emergencies of communicable diseases in cross border area of Yunnan Province from 2009-2013%2009-2013年云南省边境地区传染病类突发公共卫生事件流行特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬志薇; 戚艳波; 林燕; 李琼芬

    2015-01-01

    目的 通过了解云南省边境地区传染病类突发公共卫生事件流行特征,以指导边境地区传染病防控工作.方法 对2009-2013年间云南省边境地区的传染病类突发公共卫生事件资料进行整理和描述分析,资料来源于《中国疾病预防控制信息系统》.结果 云南省25个边境县(市)共报告传染病类突发公共卫生事件110起,占全省疫情的16.72%.主要为一般事件(Ⅳ级),占74.55%;发病7 086例,死亡15人;疫情波及446 213人,罹患率为1.59%.甲类传染病事件4起,占3.64%;乙类46起,占41.82%;丙类33起,占30.00%;其他27起,占24.54%.事件主要发生于每年3-5和9-12月份,以水痘等呼吸道传染病为主,主要发生在学校.境外输入传染病事件6起,均为缅甸输入.结论 传染病跨境输入,特别是甲类传染病跨境输入引起的突发公共卫生事件,是云南省边境地区疾病预防控制工作的一个难点和重点.%[Objective] To understand the epidemiologic characteristics of public health emergencies of communicable diseases in cross border area of Yunnan Province,guide the prevention and control of communicable diseases in cross border area.[Methods] The data of public health emergencies of communicable diseases in cross border area of Yunnan Province from 2009-2013,which were collected from the China disease prevention and control information system,were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology.[Results] Totally 110 public health emergencies of communicable diseases were reported in 25 border counties/ cities,accounting for 16.72% of total events in Yunnan Province.74.55% of the emergencies were general events (grade Ⅳ),there were 7 086 patients and 15 death cases,446 213 people were involved,and the attack rate was 1.59%.There were 4 events of category A communicable disease,46 events of category B communicable disease,33 events of category C communicable disease and 27 events of other communicable disease

  13. 省际高等教育均衡发展的问题与对策--基于公共财政投入视角%Problems and Countermeasures to Equal Development of Higher Education Between Provinces-Based on the Perspective of Public Finance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学军

    2015-01-01

    Chinese higher education has made considerable development, but there are also obvious disequilibrium between provinces.The main reason is the difference of public finance investment on higher education from the government at all levels.From 1 999 to 201 2,the financial investment to Henan higher education increased year by year,but compared with the advanced provinces,there is a big gap;At the same time,the growth of the proportion higher education financial funds in Henan province accounted for GDP lags behind other countries;There is a widening trend in the average college education budget between Henan and other provinces;In most years,the proportion of higher education budget in local financial expenditure of Henan province is higher than the national average,but compared with the advanced provinces,there is still a wide gap,and the proportion in the total budget expenditure on education is lower than the national average for most of the years.So,in order to balance the development of Chinese higher education,the state should arrange the layout of colleges reasonably,increasing the investment in higher education,establish a linkage mechanism of economic growth and the development of higher education jointly,establish a multi-channel financing mechanism of higher education funds,strengthen the supervision on the use of higher education funds to avoid the wasting of money.%中国高等教育在取得了长足发展的同时,省际间高等教育的发展也存在明显不均衡。其直接原因是各级政府对高等教育的公共财政投入差异。从1999年至2012年,河南普通高校财政性经费投入虽逐年增长,但与先进省份相比,存在较大差距;同期,河南省高等教育财政性教育经费占 GDP 的比例增速落后于其他国家;河南省普通高校的生均预算内教育经费与各省份最高值的差距,有逐渐拉大的趋势;河南省普通高校预算内教育经费占地方财政支出的比重虽

  14. 论抗美援朝时期的宣传教育工作--以平原省为例的考察%Publicity Work During the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea-An Observation Focused on Pingyuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭赛飞

    2016-01-01

    During the war to resist US aggression and aid Korea,Pingyuan Province carried out fruitful publicity and education work:holding meetings within different management groups;applying all-round contract system, task allocation, and rating system;using mass media and organizing recreational activities;organizing representatives of volunteer organization and visitation teams to give speeches in basic units;launching patriotic demonstrations and signature votings.Publicity work in Pingyuan Province realized results:unifying masses thoughts and subsiding rumors,stabilizing social order,improving the cadres ’ ideological consciousness, enhancing social cohesion as well as expanding people’s participation in the war.%抗美援朝运动期间,平原省开展了卓有成效的宣传教育工作:层层召开会议;采用包干、分片与评比制度;利用大众传媒,组织文娱活动;组织志愿军代表、赴朝慰问团代表深入基层作报告;组织爱国示威游行和签名投票活动。平原省的这些宣传工作取得了一定的效果:统一了群众的思想,平息了谣言,稳定了社会秩序,提高了干部群众的思想觉悟,增强了社会凝聚力,扩大了抗美援朝运动的参与度。

  15. Simulated water productivity in Gansu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Jinyan; Sun, Zhongxiao; Wang, Zhan; Chen, Jiancheng; Li, Zhaohua

    Economic value of water and economic analysis of water use management in Gansu Province of China have attracted widespread public attention. With the socioeconomic development, research on water resources has become more important than before. In this study, we define "water productivity" as the changes of economic production outputs of sectoral activities in every cubic meter of water input, which is also the technical coefficient of water resource use in each sector. According to Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) framework, based on the Input-Output Table 2007 and water resources bulletin of Gansu Province, we introduced the water into the ORANI-G (A Generic Single-Country Computable General Equilibrium model) model through the nested constant elasticity of substitution (CES) production function to analyze the changes of economic productions caused by water supply changes. We then examined water productivity in different sectors. Empirical results showed that current water productivity is underestimated. Agricultural water productivity is lower than that of the secondary and tertiary industries, even although agricultural water use is the largest part of water use in Gansu Province, and therefore improving agricultural water productivity can greatly mitigate the water shortage. Simulation results indicate that industrial transformation and development of water-saving industries will also mitigate water scarcity. Moreover, sensitivity analysis shows that the empirical results are robust under different scenarios. The results also show that higher constant elasticity of substitution rate (CES) between water and other production factors will contribute to sustainable development.

  16. 贵州省高校网络舆情现状及对策研究%Research on the Current Situation and Countermeasures of College Internet Public Opinion in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾孝敏; 杨克本

    2016-01-01

    本文运用问卷调查法对贵州五所高校的网络舆情现状进行了调查,对贵州高校网络舆情的现状进行了分析和统计,总结出了贵州高校网络舆情的特点及网络舆情管理存在的问题,针对这些问题,提出一些建议,给贵州高校网络舆情引导提供参考.%Questionnaires were used to investigate and analyze the current situation of Internet public opinion in five colleges of Guizhou, and its characteristics were summarized. Based on the problems existing in Internet public opinion management, some suggestions were proposed in order to provide a reference for the guidance of college Internet public opinion in Guizhou.

  17. 金融机构征信宣传网络体系研究--以河北省为例%Research on Credit Reference Publicity Network System of Financial Institutions---A Case Study of Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭

    2015-01-01

    With the enactment of“Regulations of the People’ s Republic of China on Administration of Credit Refer-ence Industry” and “China’s Social Credit System Construction Plan (2014-2020)”, there is an urgent need for in-depth study of the construction of credit reference publicity network system. An analysis is made on credit refer-ence publicity viewed from economics and the results show that construction of credit reference culture and publicity mechanism that adapts to the modern market economy will bring enormous economic benefits. It’ s necessary for building a financial institutions credit reference publicity network system to exert the leading role of credit reference departments of the People's Bank of China into full play in the course of credit reference publicity, to make regula-tions of credit reference industry perfect, to establish a long-term mechanism for credit reference publicity network system led by the core values, to build a virtual network platform for credit reference publicity, to continuously strengthen the credit reference education and publicity.%随着《征信业管理条例》和《社会信用体系建设规划纲要(2014—2020年)》的实施,亟待对征信宣传网络体系建设进行深入研究。从经济学角度对征信宣传工作分析表明,构建与现代市场经济相适应的征信文化与宣传机制将会产生巨大的经济效益。为构建金融机构征信宣传网络体系,应发挥中国人民银行征信部门在征信宣传中的主导作用,完善征信业规章制度,建立以核心价值观为引领的征信宣传网络体系长效机制,构建虚拟网络宣传平台,继续强化征信教育宣传。

  18. 农村党组织创新公共服务职能:背景、路径与经验——基于豫西Z村的个案分析%Research on the Innovative Construction of Public Service Functions of Rural Party Organization:Background,Path and Experience——Case Study of Village Z in Western Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付建军

    2012-01-01

    农村社区化建设和公共服务下沉要求农村党组织进行功能转型,创新公共服务职能。豫西Z村党组织在公共服务职能建设中进行了创新实践,表现为建立"民事村办"服务体制、实施"金喇叭"和"金钥匙"工程三个方面,并形成了以服务为导向、党员为主体、村民为动力三位一体的公共服务建设的个案经验。总体来看,Z村党组织创新实践的个案经验属于自我生长型的草根经验,这种草根经验不同于政府主导型经验,它来源于农村和农民,在实践中更具有生命力和适用性。%The rural communities construction and public service down to the grassroots level require the rural party organization to innovate its public service functions.On the innovative practices of public service function,Village Z in western Henan province has set up service system of "solving villagers' problems at the village level","golden loudspeaker" project and "golden keys" project,which form a trinity of service-oriented rural public service,Communist Party member guidance and villagers as motivation.In general,the innovative practice of Village Z is a grass-roots experience from rural areas and villagers rather than government-leading experience,so it has greater vitality and applicability in practice.

  19. The geographic information system research of public welfare forest management in Jilin province%吉林省公益林管理地理信息系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李福强; 薛大志; 薛云诚; 李芬

    2016-01-01

    本文对公益林管理系统进行需求和可行性分析,应用Microsoft Visual C#、Java等编程语言,在个人电脑终端客户、服务器和手机上开发了公益林管理地理信息系统,该系统适用于公益林管理,工作效率高,达到了实时监管公益林森林资源的目的。%The requirements and feasibility analysis of public welfare forest management was carried in this paper .The pub-lic welfare forest management geographic information system was developed on personal computer terminal customers , server and mobile by applying Microsoft Visual C #, Java and other programming languages .The system was suited to public wel-fare forest management and had high efficiency .It achieved the purpose of real -time monitoring of public welfare forest re-sources .

  20. 江西省医疗卫生机构BSL-2实验室现状调查与管理对策研究%Investigation and countermeasure research on the current status of BSL-2 laboratory of medical and public health departments in Jiangxi province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹明霞; 于子颖; 叶颖; 张静; 肖坚孝

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解江西省医疗卫生机构BSL-2实验室生物安全管理现状,为卫生行政部门加强和规范实验室生物安全管理提供对策依据.方法 以现场评估和问卷调查相结合的方式,2010~2011年对江西省各类医疗卫生机构共计55家单位的BSL-2实验室进行生物安全现场检查.结果 江西省医疗卫生机构BSL-2实验室已逐步建立生物安全管理体系,但有些单位存在实验室备案不全,菌毒种运输管理、生物安全管理制度、实验室设施设备、生物安全措施薄弱的现象.结论 各类医疗卫生机构生物安全管理存在不同差距,有待政府行政部门应加强监管,进一步完善医疗卫生机构的生物安全管理.%OBJECTIVE To find out medical and public health departments' situation of BSL-2 laboratory biosafety management in Jiangxi province so as to offer countermeasures to health administrative departments.METHODS 55 medical and public health departments' BSL-2 laboratory biosafety managements were investigated in 2010-2011 by field assessments and questionnaire surveys.RESULTS BSL-2 laboratory of Jiangxi province had established biosafety management system gradually,some laboratories' records were incomplete,the management of poisonous species of bacteria's transportation,bio-safety system,laboratory facilities and bio-security measures still had some weak points.CONCLUSION There are differences between medical and public health departments in biological safety management.Supervision should be strengthened and effective measures should be taken by executive branch of government.

  1. Estudio de la contaminación con huevos de Toxocara sp. en suelos de espacios públicos de San Martín de los Andes, Provincia del Neuquén. Argentina. (Soil contamination with Toxocara sp. eggs in public parks from San Martín de los Andes, Province of Neuquen, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brusoni, Claudio: Medico Veterinario,

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de determinar la presencia de huevos de Toxocara sp. en suelos de espacios públicos de San Martín de los Andes, Provincia del Neuquén, Argentina, se estudiaron suelos de 12 parques de la localidad entre Abril y Julio de 2005. Se comprobó la presencia de huevos de Toxocara sp. en el 92% de los sitios de muestreados. Se recomienda la implementación de acciones para minimizar los riesgos a la salud pública. The objective being to determine if our soil in parks and publics areas were contaminated with Toxocara sp. eggs, we surveyed 12 different places in the area of San Martín de los Andes, Province of Neuquén from April to July, 2005. The presence of Toxocara sp. Eggs was confirmed in 92% of the places studied. In order to minimize the risk for our public health, we recommended the implementation of safety measures.

  2. Publicity and public relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosha, Charles E.

    1990-01-01

    This paper addresses approaches to using publicity and public relations to meet the goals of the NASA Space Grant College. Methods universities and colleges can use to publicize space activities are presented.

  3. Silicic Large Igneous Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Scott Bryan

    2007-01-01

    @@ Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are the end-product of huge additions of magma to the continental crust both at the surface and at depth. Since the first categorisation of LIPs by Coffin & Eldholm (1994), it has been recognised that LIPs are more varied inform, age and character, and this includes the recognition of Silicic LIPs. Silicic LIPs are the largest accumulations of primary volcaniclastic rocks at the Earth's surface with areal extents >0.1 Mkm2 and extrusive and subvolcanic intrusive volumes >0.25 Mkm3. The Late Palaeozoic to Cenozoic Silicic LIP events are the best recognised and are similar in terms of their dimension, crustal setting, volcanic architecture and geochemistry.

  4. Innovation to Conflict Management Modes in the Policy Implementation by Public Sectors-Taking Cangnan, Zhejiang Province as a Case in Point%论公共部门政策执行中冲突管理方式的创新--以浙江苍南事件为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 葛元冬

    2016-01-01

    Policy validity is one of the important measurements of policy implementation efficiency. The relationship between policy executors and the target communities has a great effect on the policy implementation achievements. During the implementa-tion, law personnel often experience strong conflicts with target communities, resulting in degradation of their public images, and low execution efficiency. There comes up from the general public an increasingly strong appeal for conflict management. By adop-ting modern academic concepts and theories concerning conflict elimination and public administration, this paper takes for exam-ple, citizens’ scuffle of urban management officers in Cangnan, Zhejiang Province. It analyzes conflicts in the policy implementa-tion process and inherent reasons, and puts forward some innovative proposals for conflict elimination.%判断政策效应的重要考量之一是看政策执行是否有效。政策执行者与目标群体之间的关系对政策执行效果产生重要影响。在现实政策的执行中,执法人员往往与目标群体产生冲突,导致执行人员形象受损,执行效力降低,公众要求对其冲突管理的呼吁渐高。本文借助于现代学术思想关于冲突和公共治理的理论,以浙江苍南城管遭市民围殴为例,分析政策执行中产生的冲突及相关原因探讨,并就解决冲突的方式提出一些创新性建议。

  5. The Informatization Society Public Security Prevention and Control Countermeasure Research in the Process of Urbanization——Taking Guizhou Province as an example%城镇化进程中信息化社会治安防控对策研究——以贵州省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏红; 陈亦欣

    2012-01-01

    China's urbanization is now in a critical period,inevitably faced those problems such as the flow population increase,the social conflict of resource demand,the social security administration difficulty which produced by the process of urbanization.In this paper,the writers try to through analyzed Guizhou Province under the background of the urbanization existing security status characteristics,combined with the lack of public security prevention and control means,cleared informatization in public security prevention and control the important position and role,with space prevention theory as the instruction,applying the means of information to public security prevention and control,aiming to achieve social security macro control,and protecting the health and stable development of social.%我国处在城镇化建设的关键时期,不可避免面临城镇化进程中所产生的流动人口增多、社会资源需求冲突、社会治安管理难度加大等问题。分析城镇化背景下贵州省现有治安状况的特点,针对当前治安防控手段的不足,明确信息化在治安防控中的重要地位与作用,以空间预防理论为指导,将信息化手段应用到社会治安防控中,实现对治安防控的宏观掌握,以保障社会秩序的健康稳定发展。

  6. The basic public education service for preschool children with disabilities:the practice in Fujian province%残疾儿童学前基本公共教育服务体系的实践路径--以福建省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶增编; 曾雅茹

    2015-01-01

    The basic public education service system is putted forward under the background of building ser-vice- oriented government,to promote equity in education. Some of the measures are taken in Fujian province to promote the construction of the basic public education service system for preschool children with disabilities. Those are:1)providing universal preschool education service for children with disabilities in the top- level design of poli-cies;2)providing a variety of services for disabled children in preschool education;3)increasing public financial in-vestment,and encouraging social forces to participate in the supply of preschool education for children with disabili-ties services;and 4)establishment of funding system for disabled children in preschool education.%基本公共教育服务体系是在我国建设服务型政府,促进教育公平的背景下提出来的。福建省在推进残疾儿童学前基本公共教育服务体系建设的进程中采取了一些措施。首先是在政策顶层设计上提出为残疾儿童提供普惠性的学前教育服务;其次,提供多样化的残疾儿童学前教育服务方式;第三,加大公共财政投入,鼓励社会力量参与残疾儿童学前教育服务供给;第四,建立残疾儿童学前教育资助体系。

  7. Analysis of the public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan Prefecture, Gui Zhou Province in 2005-2010%黔东南州2005~2010年突发公共卫生事件分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗涛; 周文红; 邓茂铭; 潘宏; 杨斌

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To understand the epidemiological characteristic of public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan prefecture, in order to provide the basis to formulate and implement prevention and control measures for the public health e-mergencies events. METHODS Collected data and materials of public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan prefecture from 2005 to 2010 to summarize and analyze epidemiological characteristics. RESULTS From 2005 to 2010, the number of public health emergencies was 178 in Qiandongnan. 8 708 cases were reported, 24 people were died. 152 infectious disease were among them, other public health events were 26 cases, unrated events were 17, general events were 145 cases, larger events were 13, significant events were 3; 140 cases happened in elementary school and kindergarten; the average time of the first case to be reported to department was 10.61 days, the average time of the receipt of the report to take measures was 3.28 hours, the average time of confirmation time to network report was 1.51 days, the average time from receipt of the report at the county level to a state level was 0.74 days, the average time of flow report to disposal report was 3.21 days. CONCLUSION The public health emergencies in Qiandongnan prefecture are mainly infectious diseases. Most are common infectious diseases. Incident response speed increases year by year. The report from the place after the events is the key. The school in rural areas is a place with sudden and higher incidence of public health. Public health emergencies influence students' physical health in primary and middle school, which should arouse the attention of education and health department. Improving sensitivity of the basic units for students of infectious diseases reported and timeliness of the investigation on public health emergencies in school should be the focuses in future work.%目的 了解黔东南州突发公共卫生事件的流行病学特征,为制订和实施突发公共卫

  8. Impact of Public Policy on Firm Innovation Investment and Performance:Evidence from High Technology Industries in Guangdong Province%公共政策对企业创新投入与绩效的影响--广东高科技行业实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰赛; 赵引

    2014-01-01

    Based on the past experiences of developed countries, public policies may determine whether a country’s industrial technology can leap forward during key stages of overall technology development.Thus, it is an important topic to understand the impact of public policies on firm and industry development, and their potential impact on related stakeholders.This paper proposes a typology of public policies.Based on relevant policy information and industrial innovation data of high technology industries in Guangdong province between 2003 and 2011, this paper conducts an empirical study of the relationship between public policy and firm innovation investment and performance.Results show that, on one hand, environmental and market structure policies have significant impacts on firm investment in innovation.On the other hand, the favorable treatment of public policy on state-owned enterprises may cause negative impact on firm innovation performance.%根据发达国家经济发展的历史经验,在整体技术水平发展的关键阶段,政府的公共政策往往决定了该国的产业技术水平。因此,从政府和企业两方面探讨何种类型的公共政策有利于产业的全面提升,以及它们对各方的利益和长远发展会产生怎样的潜在影响,是一个具有重要理论和现实意义的主题。本文提出了对政府公共政策进行分类编码的方法,并根据2003年至2011年间广东省高技术行业的技术创新数据和相关政策信息,对政府公共政策与企业创新绩效之间的关系进行了实证研究。研究结果表明,一方面,环境政策与市场结构政策对企业创新投入存在显著影响;另一方面,公共政策给予国有企业的市场优势地位会对该行业创新绩效带来负面影响。

  9. Public Satisfaction and Impact Factor Analysis of the Basic Medical Insurance System --Empirical Research Based on 1 600 Questionnaires from 4 Provinces%基本医疗保险制度的公众满意度及影响因素——基于全国4个省份1600余份问卷的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐强

    2012-01-01

    利用2011年对全国4个省份1600余份问卷的调查数据,通过建立logistic回归模型分析了公众对基本医疗保险制度的态度以及影响因素。总体来看,公众对基本医疗保险制度持肯定态度。具体研究发现,个体特征层面的文化程度显著影响公众对医疗保险制度的态度,文化程度越高,越倾向于对制度持肯定态度;社会特征层面的户口类型以及所在区位显著影响公众对医疗保险制度的态度,农业户口及中西部地区人群更倾向于对制度持肯定态度;制度层面的报销比例及减负能力显著影响公众对于基本医疗保险制度的态度,制度的报销比例越高,减负能力越强,公众越倾向于对制度持满意态度。%In this paper, the public attitude towards the basic medical insurance system and influencing factors were analyzed by logistic regression model based on more than 1 600 questionnaires distributed in four provinces in 2011. On the whole,the public held a positive attitude towards the basic medical insurance system. Specific study found that from individual characteristics perspective, education level significantly affected the public attitude to medical insurance system. The higher the education level, the more satisfaction inclined to the system. From social characteristics perspective,one's account type and district area significantly affected the public attitude to medical insurance system, and agricultural accounts and the central and western regions of China tended to be more positive about the system. Reimbursement rate and burden reducing capabilities significantly affected public attitude: the higher the proportion of reimbursement and burden reducing capabilities, the more satisfaction inclined to the system.

  10. 云南省公安机关“三访三评”活动制度化的探索%Exploration on Three-Interview-and-Three-Evaluation by Public Security Organs in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄荣; 刘敏

    2012-01-01

    Holding to the mass opinion, mass standpoint, and mass route is the foundation of the Party's existence. Combining the efforts of both professionals and the masses is an important principle of the public se- curity work. The mass work of Yunnan public security should be based on the provincial condition, highlight- ing work concerning resolving social contradictions, drug control and AIDS prevention, border security and etc. , taking initiative of accomplishing key work. The current " Three - Interview - and - Three - Evaluation" program conducted by public security organs should take the chance of "Education for Masses" Standpoint, In- terests, Route, Work", summarize sucessful experience and practice of the " Grand Interview" activity, ex- pand methods and embodiments of mass work, promote the mass work to be normalized and standardized, fur- ther achieve the general goal of economic and social development of Yunnan, creat a harmonious and stable so- cial environment.%党的群众观点、群众立场、群众路线始终是我们党安身立命的根本,专群结合是公安工作的重要方针原则。云南公安群众工作应立足云南省情,突出强化社会矛盾化解、禁毒防艾、爱民固边等工作,积极推进公安重点工作;云南公安机关当前的"三访三评"深化大走访活动,应抓住全省"四群教育"活动开展的重要契机,总结历年大走访成功经验做法,丰富群众工作方法和载体,积极推进公安群众工作制度化、常态化,实现云南经济社会发展的总体目标,营造和谐稳定的社会环境。

  11. The structure of nursing human resource in public hospitals at the country level or above in Xianning City of Hubei Province%湖北省咸宁市县级以上公立医院护理人力资源结构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁芳

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省咸宁市县级以上公立医院护理人力资源结构现状,为相关部门合理配置护理人力资源提供参考依据.方法 在22所医院中发放护理人力资源情况调查表,结合全国、湖北省护士结构的相关数据及咸宁市经济、人口情况进行综合分析.结果 2008年末,咸宁市千人口护理人力数0.97人,医护比为1:0.84,护士占专业技术人员比例为33.16%,均不能达标.咸宁市县级以上公立医院护理人员结构中,中专及以下学历占主导地位,占56.96%;高级、中级、初级职称之比为1:11.60:10.88,职称结构不合理;≤40岁护士占69.90%,护士年龄结构比较合理.结论 加强卫生行政管理力度,结合医院护理事业发展和临床护理工作需要,合理配置护理人力.%Objective To investigate the structure of nursing human resource in public hospitals at county level or above in Xianning City of Hubei Province,so as to provide reference for relevant departments to reasonably allocate nursing human resources.Methods A questionnaire about nursing human resources was used to investigate the structure of nursing human resources in 22 public hospitals at county level or above in Xianning City of Hubei Province.Then the collected data were analyzed and compared with the nursing human resource of the whole country and Hubei Province.Results By the end of 2008, there was 0.97 nursing staff for every thousand people in Xianning City,and the doctor - nurse ratio was 1 : 0.84 ,and nurses accounted for 33.16% of the health professional and technical personnel,which all didnt reach the standards,the nurses with technical secondary school background or below accounted for 56.96% ,and the ratio of senior profession title, middle profession title, and primary profeesion title was 1 : 11.60 : 10.88, and ≤40 years old nurses accounted for 69.90%.The results showed that the structure of nurses' profession title was unreasonable and the age

  12. A Brief Discussion on the Situation of Wushu Teaching as a Public PE Course in Liaoning Province%浅谈辽宁省公共体育课武术教学现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪泉; 张羽健

    2012-01-01

    Wushu is China's traditional sports project with a history of thousands of years, and is our country's important intangible cultural heritage, loved by the people. Many of the current universities have opened Wushu as an optional course, and it has achieved good effect, for it strengthens student's physique, more importantly, it helps to carry forward the spirit of martial arts.This paper investigates on public sports students in Shenyang Normal University. The survey found that there exist some problems in the current Wushu teaching as a public physical education course, and the problems have affected the development of Wushu teaching. Aiming at these problems, this paper puts forward some reasonable suggestions, hoping to help the reform of Wushu teaching.%武术是我国的传统体育项目,有数千年的历史,是我国非常重要的非物质文化遗产,深受人们的喜爱,当前全国很多高校都将武术设为选项课,在公共体育中进行教学并取得了很好的效果,不仅增强了学生的体魄,更重要的是弘扬了武术精神,本文主要以沈阳师范大学公共体育学生为研究对象进行问卷调查,通过调查发现当前公共体育课武术教学存在着的一些问题,影响了武术教学的开展,并针对这些问题提出了一些合理化建议,希望为武术课教学的改革提供一些帮助。

  13. 基于数据包络分析法的江苏省公立医院法人治理相对效率评价%The Relative Efficiency Evaluation of Public Hospital Corporate Governance Structure Based on DEA in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞婷; 熊季霞

    2015-01-01

    目的:比较江苏省实行法人治理改革和未实行法人治理改革的公立医院的运行效率,说明进行法人治理改革的必要性。方法:运用数据包络分析法研究2012年江苏省20家公立医院的运行效率,其中10家已实行法人治理,10家未实行法人治理,将二者进行比较,主要分析医院的投入、产出、效率的变化情况。结果:20家医院总体效率较高,有11家医院(55%)总体有效,其中7家(63.7%)为已实行法人治理改革的医院,即实行法人治理改革公立医院比未实行法人治理改革医院运行效率高。在实行法人治理改革的医院中,以理事会为核心的4家医院均总体有效,即该治理模式的效率为最优。结论:公立医院进行法人治理具有必要性和正确性,有助于提升医院运行效率。应积极推行法人治理改革,且更推崇建立以理事会为核心的法人治理模式。%Objective: This paper compares the running efficiency of implement corporate governance reform public hospitals and the non -implementation of corporate governance reform in Jiangsu Province.And it explains the necessity of corporate governance reform.Methods: The paper uses DEA to analysis 20 public hospitals'efficiency of Jiangsu Province in 2012, of which 10 have implemented corporate governance, 10 non implementation of corporate governance, and mainly analysis the hospital input, output, efficiency.Results:The 20 hospitals overall efficien-cy is higher.There are 11 (55%) hospitals effectively, 7 (63.7%) for the corporate governance reform has been implemented in the hospital. So the efficiency of implementation of corporate governance reform of public hospitals is higher than the failure to implement the operation hospital corporate governance reform.And in the implementation of corporate governance reform hospitals, 4 council governance mode hospitals are all ef-fective, which the efficiency is the

  14. 浙江省温州市登革热公共卫生风险评估%Public health risks assessment of dengue fever in coastal area in Wenzhou, Zhejiang province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余向华; 胡蔡松; 魏晶娇; 徐毅; 倪朝荣

    2016-01-01

    Objective To establish a risk assessment index system for dengue fever in Wenzhou, assess risk of public health, providing evidence for the prevention and control dengue fever. Methods Dengue fever was assessed by 12 specialists; the results were analyzed through analytic hierarchy process in 2014. Results The risk assessment index system for public health of dengue fever was established in Wenzhou. The system included 1 target layer, 4 criterion layers and 19 index layers. Emergency handling ability of CDC (0.151), adult mosquito density (0.110) and Bretean index (0.110)were high risk factors. Dengue virus antibody of serum and the periods from onset to the first visit were relatively low. Meanwhile, the evaluation of the dengue fever in Wenzhou city was in high risk level by this indicator system. Conclusion There were risks of local outbreak of dengue fever caused by import cases in Wenzhou city, it is important to strengthen risk assessment for public health of emerging infectious diseases and import infectious diseases include dengue.%目的:建立温州市登革热公共卫生风险评估指标体系,评估公共卫生风险,为制定登革热防控策略提供科学依据。方法于2014年设计专家测评表,邀请12位专家进行评估,采用层次分析法进行分析。结果研究构建包括1个目标层,4个准则层和19个指标层的温州市登革热公共卫生风险评估体系。经评估,组合权重系数较高的指标为疾病预防控制应急处置能力(0.151)、伊蚊成蚊密度(0.110)和布雷图指数(0.110),人体登革热病毒抗体水平和发病到就诊时间权重系数较低。评估结果显示温州市登革热公共卫生风险等级为高度风险。结论温州市存在登革热输入并引起本地暴发流行的风险,应不断完善登革热等输入和新发传染性疾病风险评估体系,加强公共卫生风险评估,积极防范相关传染病危害。

  15. Investigation and Strategy on the Humanistic Public Elective Courses in Medical Colleges in Guizhou Province%贵州省医学院校人文素质公共选修课现状及对策研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐宇宏; 潘鸿

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand the attitudes of medical students to public elective courses of humanistic quality and the existing problems. Method:Questionnaires were used in 1 ~5 grade students in randomly selected five medical colleges in Guizhou. Results:Total 1000 questionnaires were sent out, 957 were received, the recovery rate was 95. 7%;817 valid questionnaires, the effective rate was 81. 7%. 75. 56% of the students supported for medical colleges and uni-versities setting up humanistic quality public elective courses, but 24. 44% had negative attitude. Conclusions:It's nec-essary to make efforts to improve the mind medical student's humanistic quality. From the perspective of serving students, school should improve medical college students' humanistic quality from various aspects.%目的:了解医学生对医学院校人文素质公共选修课的态度及存在问题。方法随机抽取贵州省5所医学院校的一至五年级学生发放调查问卷。结果发放调查问卷1000份,回收957份,回收率95.7%;有效问卷817份,有效率85.37%。75.56%的学生对医学院校开设人文素质公共选修课持支持的态度,24.44%的学生持否定态度。结论提高医学生的人文素质要从服务学生的角度出发,调整人文课程,提高其针对性;加强师资力量培训,充分利用社会资源;制定考核激励措施调动教师积极性;丰富教学及考核方式。

  16. 我省旅馆业治安管理的现实困境与社会管理创新%The Dilemma and Social Management Innovation of Public Security Administration of Hotel Industry in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘振华

    2012-01-01

      Hotels industry hasplayed an important role in promoting the development of local economy and providing recreation for tourists, but it also has become the focus of attention and barometer of social security assessment, as various cases and accidents happened frequently and various social evils repeated again and again. Though Public security organs have taken lots of measures to strengthen the administration of small hotels, results has not been satisfactory because of some factors such as the incompletion of relevant laws and regulations and the shortage of policemen. In order to solve these problems, Public security organs are supposed to innovate the concept and mode of security administration; fulfill real-name registration; strengthen the security inspection; invest heavily in training and establish evaluation mechanism of small hotels.%  旅馆业在促进地方经济发展和为人们提供休闲娱乐方面发挥了较大作用。但是,旅馆业中各类案件和事故频发,社会丑恶现象屡禁不止,已成为社会关注的焦点和评价社会治安的“晴雨表”。公安机关虽然采取了诸多措施加强旅馆业治安管理,但由于相关法律法规不完善,公安机关的警力不足等因素的影响,致使旅馆业治安管理难以取得理想的效果。为突破旅馆业治安管理瓶颈,公安机关必须创新旅馆业治安管理理念和模式,通过落实旅馆业实名登记,强化治安检查,加大培训力度,建立旅馆业考评机制等创新措施,进一步加强旅馆业治安管理,促进旅馆业健康有序发展。

  17. 第12届辽宁全运会公众形象的调查分析%Public Image of 12th National Games Held in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万晓红; 聂媛

    2014-01-01

    从传播学和公共关系学视阈出发,围绕公众形象的构成要素,即本位理念、行为传播和认知评价3个维度设计调查问卷,对第12届辽宁全运会的公众形象进行了调查和实证分析。调查结果显示,公众认为辽宁全运会存在价值定位尚不明确、行政干预过度、体制不健全、监督机制缺乏、媒体服务缺失导致媒体报道议程设置片面等问题。针对这些问题,提出了塑造和提升全运会公众形象的相关建议,即:重构全运会价值定位,推行全民全运;推动全运会赛事赛制改革,弱化全运会成绩考核;重视媒体服务,集合媒体进行报道策划;提高运动员和裁判员素质,强化规则意识;与市场接轨,使全运会总体效益达到最大化。%Questionnaires were designed on the basis of communication and public relation theories .Social orientation ,be-havior communication and cognitive evaluation were investigated to see how the 12th National Games built its public image . It was found that the masses thought that the 12th National Games did not have clear value orientation ,perfect system ,or good supervision mechanism .The lack of media service led to the biased agenda setting of media reports .There was too much governmental interference .To optimize the overall benefits of the National Games ,it was necessary to re -build the value orientation ,promote further sports for all ,reform the competition system ,focus less on the final performances ,fo-cus more on the media service ,help train the athletes and the coaches better ,and go to the market .

  18. Equity and Justice of Public Social Expenditure --Based on a Benefit Incidence Analysis in Zhejiang Province%民生支出的公平正义性分析——基于浙江各县教育和卫生支出的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海利

    2012-01-01

    文章基于1997~2008年浙江省教育支出和卫生支出的受益归宿分析表明,民生支出的最大受益者为人均收入最高地区居民,最大受损者为人均收入次低地区居民,民生支出具有累进性,距离公平正义的政策初衷仍有一定差距。但是,如果考虑不同收入组别生活成本、支出需求的差异,民生支出的公平程度将有所提高。通过建立因素法转移支付制度,提高民生支出比重,可以进一步提高民生支出的公平正义水平。%Using the benefit incidence analysis method and data from Zhejiang Province collected between 1997 and 2008, we analyze the equity and justice of public social expenditure, taking education and health as exam- pies. It shows that the biggest beneficiaries are the richest ,while the greatest losers are the second poorest. Social expenditure is progressive,although there is still a certain gap with objective equity and justice. Considering the difference in living costs and the expenditure demand, equity and justice will increase. To improve the level of equity and justice,we should establish a transfer payment system and increase public social spending as a proportion of government spending.

  19. On Famine Relief Policies in North Henan Province during the Middle Qing Dynasty and the Domination of Public Sphere%清中叶豫北荒政与公共领域控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单磊

    2014-01-01

    The middle of the Qing Dynasty is a transitional period.The struggle between the official forces and local forces for the dominating power of public sphere with the occurrence of famine relief policies becomes worse:the official shows extraordinary affirmation for the controlling power and the local also presents a determined pursuit for the dominating power.The gentry has been rising,but it is difficult for them to make a difference under the le-gitimate rule of the official.Thus,The nation has been fascinated by expanding the authority of country gentry.%清中叶是清代的转型期,官方势力与地方势力争夺豫北地区公共领域控制主导权的斗争随着荒政的发生而呈现愈演愈烈之势:官方对主导权的掌控表现出超乎寻常的肯定,地方对主导权的争夺表现为视死如归的追求。乡绅阶层有所崛起,却在官方建立的合法性统治秩序下难以有所作为,“绅权大张”成为一种情结。

  20. Comparative Study of the Actuality of Physical Education in Private and Public Universities of Shaanxi Province%陕西省民办与公办高校体育教学现状的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王必宏

    2012-01-01

    本文通过对陕西民办本科高校与公办高校间的体育教学现状进行对比,着重论述了民办高校体育课程设置方向和体育教学模式的构建,并进一步提出了改善这种状况的对策和建议,以探索民办高校学校体育发展的最佳途径,为推进民办高校的体育教学向着更加科学化、合理化的方向发展.%This paper compared the present situation of PE teaching in private and public universities in Shaanxi, focused on the direction of setting physical education curriculum and the construction of the teaching mode of physical education in private universities, and further proposed the countermeasure and suggestion to improve this situation, to explore the best way to the development of physical education in private universities and advance its scientific and rational development.

  1. Public Education, Public Good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, John

    1986-01-01

    Criticizes policies which would damage or destroy a public education system. Examines the relationship between government-provided education and democracy. Concludes that privatization of public education would emphasize self-interest and selfishness, further jeopardizing the altruism and civic mindedness necessary for the public good. (JDH)

  2. Co-ordinated Development of Fitness Public Service in Beij ing,Tianj in and Hebei Province%京津冀全民健身公共服务协同发展的路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李燕

    2016-01-01

    运用文献资料法、调查访谈法等研究方法,针对当前京津冀全民健身公共服务协同发展面临着设施不足、社会和市场作用发挥有限、供需错位、业态融合不紧密、未能充分发挥健身人才的指导作用、评估监督反馈机制欠缺等一系列的问题,从协同发展演进一般规律出发,立足现实情况,理清全民健身协同发展的基本思路是在保基本、促多元的情况下,实现供给方与需求方的精准对接,就此提出了4条演进的方式:政策协同———规划、标准,资源统筹———人才、组织、活动,链接新业态———互联网、文化、旅游,市场协同———需求、产品,在此基础上分析了实现路径的策略和措施。%At present,the public fitness services are faced with lots of problems.The facilities are not sufficient.The soci-ety and the market are not giving full play.The supply cannot meet the demands.There is not efficient integration of dif-ferent industries.The fitness instructors are not enough.There are not evaluation or supervision mechanism etc.To solve these problems,the relative policies should help plan the programs and provide standards.The resources should be alloca-ted with regard to talents,organizations and activities.There needs to be an integration of internet,culture,and tourism. Moreover,products should meet the needs of the market.

  3. Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yagoob Garedaghi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

  4. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.

  5. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.……

  6. Fjve Ways to Revive Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Construction of development zones along the Liaoning Province coastline could be the next big attraction for multinational investors Though the infrastructure is still under construction, Li Wancai, Vice Governor of Liaoning Province, is highly confident about the future of

  7. Public Speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Thomas F.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the importance of public speech in society, noting the power of public speech to create a world and a public. The paper offers a theory of public speech, identifies types of public speech, and types of public speech fallacies. Two ways of speaking of the public and of public life are distinguished. (SM)

  8. 安徽省公办新建本科高校学生资助体系存在的问题及对策%The problems and countermeasures on student assistance system of newly-founded public undergraduate colleges in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈艳; 蔡红; 张雁凌

    2015-01-01

    因历史和现实原因,安徽省公办新建本科高校在筹集社会资金能力、贫困生助学、以及对贫困学生隐私保护方面存在系列问题,都亟待进一步完善。文章结合我国资助实际情况,提出政府在政策上予以倾斜;学校优化自身资助资金,积极开拓校外岗位;国家进一步完善统一的学生资助系统;学校提升贫困学生隐私保护意识等对策,以帮助政府进一步完善高校学生资助体系。%Due to historical and practical reasons, newly-founded public undergraduate colleges in Anhui province have a series of problems in social fund raising, impoverished students' grant-in-aid assistance, privacy protection for impoverished students, etc, which needs to be improved urgently. Combining the realities of student assistance system of China's colleges, the article puts forward a series of countermeasures to help the government perfect student assistance system. The government should further improve unified student assistance system and give relevant preferential policies to it. Colleges should optimize the use of assisting funds, creating outside jobs actively, raising awareness of protecting impoverished students' privacy, etc.

  9. Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M F AYDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

  10. Yihuang Opera of Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    JIANGXI Province hosts many mountains and rivers. Wherever you stroll on the winding mountain passes or sail along rivers, you will hear a kind of local opera similar to the sounds of Beijing opera. That is Yihuang opera. In fact, Jiangxi is considered a birth-place of Chinese opera. Opera was at its

  11. A Political History of Public Libraries in Quebec (Bibliotheques Municipales au Quebec).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuntz, Patricia S.

    In the province of Quebec, the role of language and religion has been a significant feature in defining nationality, educating the young, and building infrastructures such as libraries. In contrast to English-Canadian provinces, only after 1960 did the government of Quebec authorize public support for public libraries to serve its francophone…

  12. The Public Service of Jiangxi Province under the Perspective of Financial Revenue and Expenditure---Based on the Analysis of EG Two-step Method and Error Correction Model%财政收支视角下的江西公共服务--基于EG两步法和误差修正模型分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟理宏; 许莉; 周东良

    2015-01-01

    The long-run equilibrium relationship between revenues and expenditures affects the citizens enjoy the welfare of public services. We use of EG two-step method to inspect whether there is long-term equilibrium relationship between the revenue and expenditure in Jiangxi province between 1978-2012 ,and combine with the error correction model to analyze the short-term and long-term relationship between revenue and expenditure. The empirical results show that:there is really a long-run equilibrium relationship between the revenue and expendi-ture,when short -term fluctuations deviate from long -run equilibrium,the error correction term will adjust by 0. 337007 in contrast in order to pull the non-equilibrium to equilibrium. Granger causality test finds that the ex-penditure is the Granger causality of revenue,in other words,expenditure acting on public services can drive the growth of national economy,to some extent,it can bring increased revenue.%财政收支的长期均衡关系影响到公民享受公共服务的福利。通过运用EG两步法检验江西省1978-2012年间财政收支之间是否存在长期均衡关系,结合误差修正模型分析江西省财政收支的短期和长期关系。实证结果表明:江西省财政收支存在长期均衡关系,当短期波动偏离长期均衡时,误差修正项以0.337007的力度进行反向调整,使得非均衡状态向均衡状态回复。进行格兰杰因果关系检验,发现江西财政支出是财政收入的格兰杰因果关系,说明作用于公共服务上的财政支出能够带动国民经济的增长,在一定程度上带来财政收入的增加。

  13. El uso del caso como estrategia de incidencia pública: Mapa político de un grupo activista de género en la provincia de La Pampa The use of the case as a public advocacy strategy: Political map of an activist gender group in La Pampa province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedra Aimetta

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo sintetiza una investigación que traza la biografía política de Mujeres por la Solidaridad, una agrupación activista de género de la provincia de La Pampa. El ensayo describe y analiza los repertorios de acción de este grupo donde la dimensión comunicacional es una de sus marcas identitarias. Se destaca en su historia política el uso de casos de interés público para intervenir en su enunciación mediática, politizarla e incidir en el lenguaje y formas de presentación y, a su vez, influir en la agenda de medios para que las temáticas de género sean incorporadas y atendidas. Dado que desde su rol de agenda setting la prensa es un productor y reproductor fundamental de significaciones sociales, a través de estrategias de advocacy y lobby, el grupo da impulso a reivindicaciones de género apoyándose en el capital que le otorga la visibilidad pública en el orden local. Mujeres por la Solidaridad, actuando en el marco del movimiento amplio de mujeres de Argentina incorpora en su agenda de trabajo los ejes de derechos reproductivos, violencia sexista y trata de mujeres, al tiempo que despliega sus propias estrategias.This paper sinthesize a research that traces the political biography of Mujeres por la Solidaridad, an activist gender group in La Pampa province. The essay describes and analyses the action repertoire of this group with a communicational dimension as one of its identifying features. It is emphasized in its political history the use of cases of public interest to intervene in the media statement, politicize it and influence not only in the language and presentation forms but also in the media agenda so that gender issues were included and considered. Considering the agenda setting role of the press, it produces and reproduces fundamental social significations, and by advocacy and lobby strategies the group impels gender claims supported by the capital given by the local public visibility. In its agenda, Mujeres

  14. Awareness evaluation of National Essential Medicine System among pharmacists from seconda-ry public hospitals in Shaanxi province:Based on KAP questionnaire survey%陕西省二级医院药师对国家基本药物制度的认知评价--基于KAP问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈倩; 方宇; 杨才君; 武丽娜; 朱稳稳; 常捷; 闫抗抗; 叶丹; 吕冰; 杨世民

    2015-01-01

    目的::评价陕西省二级公立医院药师对实施国家基本药物制度的认知态度及行为。方法:采用知识—态度—行为问卷进行定量研究,问卷内容包括个人信息、知识、态度与行为。结果:共发放问卷520份,获得有效问卷428份,有效回收率82.3%。受访者的整体认知及态度均处于中等水平;获得相关知识的主要途径是会议培训;文化程度与参加培训的次数对受访者的认知水平有显著影响;医院的重视程度尚有待加强;受访者最关注的问题是基本药物的供应与配送。结论:为了提高二级医院药师对于实施基本药物制度的认知水平及认同度,应采取人才引进、开展培训项目、规范医院对基本药物使用的日常监测等相关措施。%Objective:To evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices ( KAP) on National Essential Medi-cine System among pharmacists from secondary public hospitals in Shaanxi province. Methods: The quantitative re-search of KAP questionnaire is used, and the content of questionnaire includes personal information, knowledge, atti-tudes and practices. Results: A total of 520 copies of questionnaires were distributed and 82. 3% were effective. Respondents’ overall knowledge and attitudes are at the middle level;the main way to obtain knowledge is via training and meeting;respondents’ education level and frequency of participating in training have a significant impact on their level of knowledge;the degree of attention paid by hospitals has yet to be strengthened; and respondents are mostly concerned about the supply and distribution of essential drugs. Conclusion: In order to improve the awareness and recognition levels of pharmacists on the implementation of National Essential Medicine System in secondary public hospitals, the government should take the relevant measures, including introducing the high educated persons into secondary public hospitals, organizing

  15. 我国公众对转基因食品社会评价的调查与分析——基于湖北省的问卷调查%Public Attitudes towards Social Evaluation of Genetically Modified Food in China:Survey and Analysis --Based on Data Analysis of Questionnaire in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新志; 王培培; 张萌

    2011-01-01

    Public attitudes towards social evaluation of GMF (genetically modified food) is an important basis for Chinese government to make scientific decisions. Based on the questionnaire in Hubei province, this paper analyzes Chinese public's cognition and judgments of related concepts and basic knowledge in GM technology / food, and explores the public attitudes towards risk assessment, purchasing intention, commercialization and different benefits of GMF. The result shows that public's cognition and judgments of related concepts and basic knowledge in GM technology / food is not abundant, the impact of gender and growing environment on social cognition is not strong, while social cognition of different cultural and professional level is obviously different. The public's safety and risk assessment on GMF is not reciprocal. Supporting attitudes towards commercialization of GMF is slightly higher than the opposing attitudes, and different professions have an important impact on commercialization. Final- ly, the public is more concerned about the healthy and ecological benefits and public education is important in choosing the benefits.%我国公众对转基因食品社会评价的态度是我国政府进行科学决策的重要依据。基于湖北省的问卷调查,分析了我国公众对转基因技术/食品相关概念和基本知识的认知与判断,探讨了我国公众对转基因食品的风险评价、购买意愿、商业化及其各种效益的看法。主要结论:公众对转基因食品的相关概念和基本知识的认知程度不高,性别和成长环境对其认知程度影响不大,而不同文化程度和职业对转基因食品的认知情况存在明显差异;公众对转基因食品的安全与风险评价不是对等的;公众对转基因食品商业化的支持态度略大于反对的态度,职业对商业化的态度影响较大;公众更关注转基因食品的健康效益和生态效益,公众文化程度对

  16. Parents' expectations of public schooling in the Northern Province of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    Employment denotes material benefits to both the individual and immediate relatives ... skills such as leadership, teamwork, critical thinking, career develop- ment and ..... learners to acquire workplace skills, attitudes and attributes. Conclusion.

  17. Public Values

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck Jørgensen, Torben; Rutgers, Mark R.

    2015-01-01

    administration is approached in terms of processes guided or restricted by public values and as public value creating: public management and public policy-making are both concerned with establishing, following and realizing public values. To study public values a broad perspective is needed. The article suggest......This article provides the introduction to a symposium on contemporary public values research. It is argued that the contribution to this symposium represent a Public Values Perspective, distinct from other specific lines of research that also use public value as a core concept. Public...... a research agenda for this encompasing kind of public values research. Finally the contributions to the symposium are introduced....

  18. Studies on Strategies of International Publicity from the Perspective of Reception Theory---A Case Study of Cultural Publicity of Hebei Province%接受美学视阙下的河北省文化外宣英译策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    井媛; 姜乐伟

    2016-01-01

    在信息与传播技术迅猛发展的今天,外宣翻译的地位与作用日益凸显。本文从接受美学的理论视角出发,以河北省文化外宣英译文本研究为切入点,探讨如何将读者的审美体验、经验和趣味有机融合到外宣英译的过程中,以构建积极有效的翻译策略。%With the rapid development of information and broadcasting techniques,the function of international publicity trans-lation has become more and more significant in building image and spreading culture.This thesis aims at putting forward the positive and effective strategies during the process of international publicity translation,from the perspective of Reception Aes-thetics.

  19. Development Path for Rural Tourism of Henan Province from the Perspective of Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanling LUO

    2016-01-01

    According to innovation theory and research on innovation of rural tourism development,innovation theory is of great guiding significance for rural tourism development of Henan Province. At present,rural tourism development in Henan Province has made outstanding achievements,but there are still problems: innovation concept of rural tourism is not scientific; product lacks consolidation,industrial chain is not perfect,and public service level of tourism is relatively low. In order to realize optimization and upgrade of rural tourism in Henan Province,it is recommended to make innovation of development path and take development paths such as innovation of development concept,product innovation,industrial structure innovation of rural tourism,and public service innovation for rural tourism.

  20. Local Sustainable Energy Assessment Report of the Guandong Province in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jan; Lund, Søren

    The publication reports a sustainable energy assessment at the local project site of the HighARCS project in Shaoguan, Guangdong Province, China. The assessment has been made as a contribution to the elaboration of biodiversity conservation and livelihoods improvement action plans. It proposes...

  1. Incidence of Childhood Cancers in Golestan Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Moghaddami

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This paper presents the incidence rates of childhood cancers using the data obtained from Golestan population based cancer registry (GPCR between 2004 and 2006.Methods: GPCR registers only primary cancers based on standard protocols of the international association of cancer registries (IACR. We collect data on newly diagnosed (incident cancer cases from all public and private diagnostic and therapeutic centers of the whole province. CanReg-4 software was used for data entry and analysis.Findings: Totally 5076 cancer cases (all ages were diagnosed in GPCR between 2004 and 2006. Of these, 139 (2.74 % were children (aged 0-14 years with mean (±SD age of 8.06 (±4.48 years. The age standardized incidence rates for childhood cancer were 119.8 and 78.3 per 1000000 person-years in male and female children, respectively. Leukemia was the most common childhood cancer in Golestan province of Iran. Lymphomas and central nervous system tumors were the second and third ones, respectively.Conclusion: The incidence rates of childhood cancers were relatively high in Golestan province of Iran. So, controlling of childhood cancers should be mentioned as an important issue in health policy making in this area.

  2. Incidence of Childhood Cancers in Golestan Province of Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradi, Abdolvahab; Semnani, Shahryar; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Mirbehbehani, Narges; Keshtkar, Abbasali; Aarabi, Mohsen; Moghaddami, Abbas; Cheraghali, Fatemeh

    2010-01-01

    Objective This paper presents the incidence rates of childhood cancers using the data obtained from Golestan population based cancer registry (GPCR) between 2004 and 2006. Methods GPCR registers only primary cancers based on standard protocols of the international association of cancer registries (IACR). We collect data on newly diagnosed (incident) cancer cases from all public and private diagnostic and therapeutic centers of the whole province. CanReg-4 software was used for data entry and analysis. Findings Totally 5076 cancer cases (all ages) were diagnosed in GPCR between 2004 and 2006. Of these, 139 (2.74 %) were children (aged 0–14 years) with mean (±SD) age of 8.06 (±4.48) years. The age standardized incidence rates for childhood cancer were 119.8 and 78.3 per 1000000 person-years in male and female children, respectively. Leukemia was the most common childhood cancer in Golestan province of Iran. Lymphomas and central nervous system tumors were the second and third ones, respectively. Conclusion The incidence rates of childhood cancers were relatively high in Golestan province of Iran. So, controlling of childhood cancers should be mentioned as an important issue in health policy making in this area. PMID:23056726

  3. Spatial and Statistical Analysis of Leptospirosis in Guilan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nia, A. Mohammadi; Alimohammadi, A.; Habibi, R.; Shirzadi, M. R.

    2015-12-01

    The most underdiagnosed water-borne bacterial zoonosis in the world is Leptospirosis which especially impacts tropical and humid regions. According to World Health Organization (WHO), the number of human cases is not known precisely. Available reports showed that worldwide incidences vary from 0.1-1 per 100 000 per year in temperate climates to 10-100 per 100 000 in the humid tropics. Pathogenic bacteria that is spread by the urines of rats is the main reason of water and soil infections. Rice field farmers who are in contact with infected water or soil, contain the most burden of leptospirosis prevalence. In recent years, this zoonotic disease have been occurred in north of Iran endemically. Guilan as the second rice production province (average=750 000 000 Kg, 40% of country production) after Mazandaran, has one of the most rural population (Male=487 679, Female=496 022) and rice workers (47 621 insured workers) among Iran provinces. The main objectives of this study were to analyse yearly spatial distribution and the possible spatial clusters of leptospirosis to better understand epidemiological aspects of them in the province. Survey was performed during the period of 2009-2013 at rural district level throughout the study area. Global clustering methods including the average nearest neighbour distance, Moran's I and General G indices were utilized to investigate the annual spatial distribution of diseases. At the end, significant spatial clusters have been detected with the objective of informing priority areas for public health planning and resource allocation.

  4. Development of the Iranian provinces in health indices using Morris Model and linear TOPSIS method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmatollah Bahrami

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Health is a central pillar of sustainable development and an inseparable part of the prosperity and improved quality of life. Protecting and promoting public health is necessity for every action to be considered in socio-economic planning. Providing appropriate facilities for physical, psychological, social and spiritual health in all stages of life is a basic to human rights and needs. This article aims to determine the distribution and availability of health services in all Iran provinces. Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, a total of 14 institutional and specialized variables were used. To explain the indicators using Excel and SPSS software, linear TOPSIS method and Human Development Index were used. Results: At national level, 13 provinces were haves, 5 semi-haves and 13 other provinces have-nots. The research results show that distribution of facilities and health services followed the center –periphery theory. Often, the central provinces are haves and marginal provinces are have-nots. Conclusion: In order to improve the health indicators, the government should review the distribution manner of medical and health services. To this end, the priority should be given to development of clinics, revision of distribution of general surgeon, pediatrician, internist and pharmacist. Most of the provinces had limitations in this regard.

  5. Public lighting.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    1986-01-01

    The function of public lighting and the relationship between public lighting and accidents are considered briefly as aspects of effective countermeasures. Research needs and recent developments in installation and operational described. Public lighting is an efficient accident countermeasure, but

  6. [Epidemiology of caprine and ovine brucellosis in Formosa province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Ana M; Mancebo, Orlando A; Monzón, Carlos M; Gait, Juan J; Casco, Rubén D; Torioni de Echaide, Susana M

    2016-01-01

    An epidemiological study of brucellosis was carried out in 516 goats and mixed flocks (goat/sheep) from the three agro-ecological regions of Formosa province, Argentina. Serum samples from a total of 25401 goats and 2453 sheeps were analyzed using buffered plate agglutination test (BPAT) and complement fixation test (CFT). Bacteriological and PCR analyses on milk samples from goats in three flocks with a history of brucellosis and recent abortions were also performed. Brucellosis was detected in four of the nine departments of the province with an overall prevalence of 2% and an intra-flock prevalence ranging between 1% and 40%. The proportion of infected flocks was 3.6%, 12% and 36% for the eastern, central and western regions, respectively. Brucella melitensis bv. 1 was isolated efrom goats for the first time in the province. The expected fragments of 827bp from the omp2ab gene (Brucella spp.) and 731bp from the insert IS711 (B. melitensis) were amplified by PCR. Detection of antibodies by BPAT and FCT in sheep cohabiting with goats suggests that infections could have been caused by B. melitensis, posing an additional risk to public health. Control and eradication programs for brucellosis should consider mixed flocks as a single epidemiological unit. The results indicate that brucellosis by B. melitensis bv1 is highly endemic in the central and western regions of Formosa province. Copyright © 2015 Asociación Argentina de Microbiología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. Ground-water provinces of southern Rhodesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, Philip Eldon; Hindson, L.L.

    1964-01-01

    Ground-water development, utilization, and occurrence in nine ground-water provinces of Southern Rhodesia are summarized in this report. Water obtained from drilled wells for domestic and stock use has played an important part in the social and economic development of Southern Rhodesia from the beginnings of European settlement to the present. Most of the wells obtain water from fractures and weathered zones in crystalline rocks, before recently, there has been an interest in the possibility of obtaining water for irrigation from wells. Studies of the authors indicate that quantities of water sufficient for irrigation can be obtained from alluvial sediments in the S'abi Valley, from Kalahari sands in the western part of the country, are perhaps from aquifers in other areas. The ground-water provinces fall into two groups--those in the crystalline rocks and those in the noncrystalline rocks. Historically, the wells in crystalline rocks, especially the Gold belts province and the Intrusive granites province, have played a major role in supplying water for the needs of man. These provinces, together with two other less important crystalline rock provinces, form the broad arch which constitutes the central core of the country. The noncrystalline rocks overlie and flank the crystalline rocks to the southeast, northwest, and north. The noncrystalline rock provinces, especially the Alluvium-Kalahari province, contain the most productive or potentially productive ground-water reservoirs in Southern Rhodesia and offer promise of supplying water for irrigation and for other purposes.

  8. South West Province Eye Care Programme, Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Enyegue Oye

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Situation analysis The South West Province of Cameroon is one of two English speaking provinces, much of which is situated in the equatorial rainforest. Most of the estimated 1.2 million inhabitants live in rural areas. The main occupation is agriculture for subsistence and employment in agro-industrial estates.

  9. Healthcare system responsiveness in Jiangsu Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Jianqian; Lu, Boyang; Zhang, Hua; Zhu, Liguo; Jin, Hui; Liu, Pei

    2017-01-13

    The perceived responsiveness of a healthcare system reflects its ability to satisfy reasonable expectations of the public with respect to non-medical services. Recently, there has been increasing attention paid to responsiveness in evaluating the performance of a healthcare system in a variety of service settings. However, the factors that affect the responsiveness have been inconclusive so far and measures of improved responsiveness have not always thoroughly considered the factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate both the responsiveness of the healthcare system in Jiangsu Province, China, the factors that influence responsiveness and the measures of improved responsiveness considering it, as determined by a responsiveness survey. A multistage, stratified random sampling method was used to select 1938 adult residents of Jiangsu Province in 2011. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a self-designed questionnaire modeled on the World Health Organization proposal. The final analysis was based on 1783 (92%) valid questionnaires. Canonical correlation analysis was used to assess the factors that affect responsiveness. The average score of all responsiveness-related domains in the surveyed healthcare system was satisfactory (7.50 out of a maximum 10.0). The two highest scoring domains were dignity and confidentiality, and the two lowest scoring domains choice and prompt attention. The factors affecting responsiveness were age, regional economic development level, and geographic area (urban vs. rural). The responsiveness regarding basic amenities was rated worse by the elderly than by younger respondents. Responsiveness ranked better by those with a poorer economic status. Choice in cities was better than in rural regions. The responsiveness of the Jiangsu healthcare system was considered to be satisfactory but could be improved by offering greater choice and providing more prompt attention. Perceptions of healthcare system responsiveness differ with age

  10. Public Broadcasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shooshan, Harry M.; Arnheim, Louise

    This paper, the second in a series exploring future options for public policy in the communications and information arenas, examines some of the issues underlying public broadcasting, primarily public television. It advances two reasons why quality local public television programming is scarce: funds for the original production of programming have…

  11. Les infrastructures et équipements locaux dans la province de Saragosse (1985-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Tricas Lamana

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article est consacré à l'évolution d'un ensemble d'infrastructures dans les communes de la province de Saragosse (Espagne entre 1985 et 2010. On y présente aussi un appareillage cartographique qui mobilise les indicateurs territoriaux issus de l'Enquête sur les infrastructures et équipements locaux (EIEL, et qui constitue une aide à la décision technique et politique visant à une distribution équitable des fonds publics et à une hiérarchisation des besoins des municipalités de la province.

  12. Overview of the Northeast States and Eastern Canadian Provinces mercury study: A framework for action

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Round, M. [Consultant to the Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management, Boston, MA (United States)

    1998-11-01

    An overview and update of the Northeast States and the Eastern Canadian Provinces Mercury Study was provided, including compilation of mercury levels in fish in the Northeast states, inventory of contemporary sources of mercury emissions, analyses of public health approaches designed to address consumption of mercury contaminated fresh water fish, and regulatory control strategies to reduce mercury release to the environment. Detailed findings of this research project are contained in a comprehensive report, published in February 1998. Related activities in the eastern provinces of Canada are also summarized.

  13. Comparative analysis of physical recreation of Chinese youth as a means of Anhui Province sports tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Shouling

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the recreational facilities of Anhui Province, contributing to the development of the sports tourism in China. Material and Methods: analysis and generalization of literature and electronic sources, official web-sites, survey. Results: revealed the interest of young people to cultural and leisure activities in Anhui Province and the increase in the number of tourists at different ages. Development of sports tourism indicates an increase in mass and popularity among the population. Conclusions: addressing public interest in the development of sports tourism in China leads to the enhancement of the role of cultural holiday in physical development and rehabilitation of youth.

  14. QUALITY AND QUANTITY SURVEY OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS IN HORMOZGAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Sarafraz, M. R. Khani, K. Yaghmaeian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospital wastewaters are one of the most contaminating wastewaters and need to be paid more attention due to containing infectious agents. In this study, which had been conducted in a period of one year, 7 public hospitals were selected out of 12 public hospitals in Hormozgan Province of Iran. For studying quality of wastewater in hospitals, both influent and effluent wastewaters of treatment plant, if any, were sampled once in each season and totally 30 mixed samples were obtained. In order to determine the quality of hospital wastewaters in all samples, parameters such as pH, BOD5, COD, TSS and temperature were measured. Results of investigation on annual water consumption indicated that average water consumption in hospitals of the province was 194m3/d., considering water-to-wastewater conversion ratio of 0.8 and green yard ratio of 0.3. Wastewater production rate had been estimated to be 47m3/d and 0.362 m3/d.bed. Results indicated that in 7 hospitals of Hormozgan province, mean values of BOD5 ,COD ,TSS in raw wastewater were 242.25 mg/L, 628.1 mg/L and 231.25 mg/L, respectively, pH=7.42 and temperature=30.17 ºC. In Khalij-e-Fars hospital which had wastewater treatment plant, values of these parameters in effluent were 12.53 mg/L and 51.7 mg/L, 19.68 mg/L, respectively, with pH=7.39 and temperature=26.1 ºC. Comparison between values of influent and effluent wastewaters indicated that in understudy cases, contamination rate was higher than determined limits, as compared to environmental standards of the country and it was necessary to establish appropriate treatment plants in these units.

  15. Current status of basic public health services equalization in Shunde District and Yun-an County in Guangdong Province%广东省顺德区和云安县基本公共卫生服务均等化现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝爱华; 陈岩; 刘勇鹰; 易学锋; 梁宁; 张一愚; 张永慧

    2012-01-01

    problems in regard to inequity of basic public health services and the contributing factors through comparative study across regions with different economic development in Guangdong Province. Methods Sample-typical method was used in questionnaire survey between community health care and medical service in Shunde District and Yun-an County. Content of the questionnaire included human resources, financial resources, service items of basic public health service, etc. The investigation was conducted in 20% of all residents from these areas with systematic random sampling method. Questionnaire interview with face to face was carried out to study the awareness and utilization of the basic public health service. Results Shunde District had 11 community health service institutes . The average number of medical technicians was 4. 55/1 000 people, while of medical and preventive care staffs was 0. 12/1 000 people. Yun-an County had 9 township hospitals . There were 0. 70 medical technicians and 0.06 medical and preventive care staffs per thousand people in this county. 48. 9% (2 703/5 524) of medical technicians were college diploma holders in Shunde, while 67. 5% (172/255) were technical sec-ondary school degree holders in Yun-an. Junior professional title accounted for 65.2% (3 606/5 524) in Shunde and 60. 0% (153/255 ) in Yun-an. Among 9 basic public health service items, the awareness rate of 5 items or above was 50. 2% ( 287/572) in Shunde and 19. 5% (48/246) ( P <0. 01) in Yun-an. Among these items, the lower awareness rate of items in both Shunde and Yun-an were as follows: establishment healthcare record, management of dangerous psychopath, and elderly health care. The awareness rates of these three items in Shunde were 24.5% , 31.6% , and 36.4% .while 14.2% , 10.2% , and 20.7% in Yun-an, respectively. The residents gained less public health service items, especially related to establishment of healthcare record, elderly health care, and management of diabetic patients. The

  16. Agricultural Development Mode Transformation and Government Functions in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the brief account of the connotation of transforming economic development pattern and government functions,the thesis will introduce the development status of agricultural economy in Guizhou Province:firstly,single agricultural industrial structure;secondly,large gap between urban and rural development;thirdly,low-level utilization of agricultural science and technology;fourthly,fierce contradiction between agricultural mode of production and ecological environment.Then it analyzes the basic requirements for government functions in transforming the development pattern of agricultural economy in Guizhou Province:the first one is the function to guide sustainable development and the structural adjustment of agricultural production;the second is the function to coordinate urban-rural development and equally supply basic public goods;the third is the function to input science and technology to serve agriculture;the fourth one is the dominant function to promote the harmonious development of man and nature as well as to reduce the number of peasants.In order to promote the transformation of agricultural development mode and maintain the sound and rapid economic development,some corresponding measures and suggestions are proposed from the perspective of government functions:firstly,promoting the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure;secondly,the government should take the lead in providing rural public goods;thirdly,strengthening the skills training and technological education of rural labor force;fourthly,reducing the number of farmers and retaining the farmers.

  17. Development of Jabar Cyber Province as a Media of Information and Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syarif Budhirianto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Jabar Cyber Province (JCP is a flagship program of Government of West Java Province in implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT to improve coordination, communication and collaboration of local government administration. To establish the program, the Government of Sukabumi City has developed public services at all levels in every work units, so that the people can feel its benefits optimally. The focus of this research is to discover how the development in establishing JCP as a medium of information and communication among work units, as well as decision in applying information transparency to the public. This research is descriptive using qualitative approach, the data obtained through observation and interviews with officials in the Office of Communications and Informatics of Sukabumi City. The results show that the development of ICT in establishing JCP in Government of Sukabumi City has not implemented optimally, while the information transparency is done through the stages of stakeholders towards aggregation of the public interests.

  18. Spatial analysis of dengue fever in Guangdong Province, China, 2001-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chunxiao; Liu, Qiyong; Lin, Hualiang; Xin, Benqiang; Nie, Jun

    2014-01-01

    Guangdong Province is the area most seriously affected by dengue fever in China. In this study, we describe the spatial distribution of dengue fever in Guangdong Province from 2001 to 2006 with the objective of informing priority areas for public health planning and resource allocation. Annualized incidence at a county level was calculated and mapped to show crude incidence, excess hazard, and spatial smoothed incidence. Geographic information system-based spatial scan statistics was conducted to detect the spatial distribution pattern of dengue fever incidence at the county level. Spatial scan cluster analyses suggested that counties around Guangzhou City and Chaoshan Region were at increased risk for dengue fever (P dengue fever were found in Guangdong Province, which allowed intervention measures to be targeted for maximum effect.

  19. 浙江省人感染H7N9禽流感疫情流行期间公众负面心理特征研究%The negative psychology for the public in Zhejiang province during the epidemic of human H7N9 avian influenza

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张人杰; 姜婷婷; 李娜; 王臻; 刘碧瑶; 方乐; 张新卫

    2015-01-01

    .17)分](x2值分别为5.26、27.52、8.29,P值均<0.05);医务人员中,女性的抑郁、神经衰弱、恐惧、强迫-焦虑、疑病得分分别为0.33(0.00~0.67)、0.20(0.00~0.40)、0.50(0.17~0.83)、0.00(0.00~0.33)、0.00(0.00~0.50)分,高于男性[0.00(0.00~0.50)、0.00(0.00~0.40)、0.33(0.17~0.50)、0.00(0.00~0.17)、0.00(0.00~0.00)分](x2值分别为7.22、7.97、14.46、4.93、5.22,P值均<0.05);患者家属中,自评时心理状况不好的家属抑郁和神经衰弱得分分别为0.50(0.08~0.96)、0.30(0.00~0.55)分,高于心理状况好的家属[分别为0.17(0.00~0.83)、0.20(0.00~0.60)分](x2值分别为12.95、11.20,P值均<0.05).Spearman相关分析显示,调查对象风险感知程度与抑郁、神经衰弱、恐惧、疑病情绪均呈正相关,相关系数分别为0.07、0.07、0.08、0.04(P值均<0.05);风险应对水平与抑郁、神经衰弱、恐惧、强迫-焦虑、疑病均呈正相关,相关系数分别为0.09、0.09、0.12、0.05、0.04(P值均<0.05).结论 公众对人感染H7N9禽流感疫情的关注程度较高,存在一定程度疫情相关负面情绪,其中女性、年龄≥60岁、初中及以下文化程度、从事农业劳动、白评时身心健康状况不佳的人群负面情绪最为显著;公众风险感知和应对与抑郁、神经衰弱、恐惧、疑病均呈正相关.%Objective To evaluate the cognition and emotional response of the public in Zhejiang province during the epidemic of human H7N9 avian influenza and provide scientific support for group psychological intervention under public health emergency.Methods 57 communities in 19 counties from Hangzhou, Jiaxing and Lishui district of Zhejiang province were selected as survey sites using stratified clustered sampling method from March, 2013 to April, 2014.2 319 ordinary civilians were chosen using convenience sampling method and 390 individuals who had close contact history with H7N9 avian influenza patients, 109 family members

  20. Public Schools

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This Public Schools feature dataset is composed of all Public elementary and secondary education in the United States as defined by the Common Core of Data, National...

  1. Indicators for Environment Health Risk Assessment in the Jiangsu Province of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shujie Zhang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available According to the framework of “Pressure-State-Response”, this study established an indicator system which can reflect comprehensive risk of environment and health for an area at large scale. This indicator system includes 17 specific indicators covering social and economic development, pollution emission intensity, air pollution exposure, population vulnerability, living standards, medical and public health, culture and education. A corresponding weight was given to each indicator through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP method. Comprehensive risk assessment of the environment and health of 58 counties was conducted in the Jiangsu province, China, and the assessment result was divided into four types according to risk level. Higher-risk counties are all located in the economically developed southern region of Jiangsu province and relatively high-risk counties are located along the Yangtze River and Xuzhou County and its surrounding areas. The spatial distribution of relatively low-risk counties is dispersive, and lower-risk counties mainly located in the middle region where the economy is somewhat weaker in the province. The assessment results provide reasonable and scientific basis for Jiangsu province Government in formulating environment and health policy. Moreover, it also provides a method reference for the comprehensive risk assessment of environment and health within a large area (provinces, regions and countries.

  2. Indicators for Environment Health Risk Assessment in the Jiangsu Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shujie; Wei, Zhengzheng; Liu, Wenliang; Yao, Ling; Suo, Wenyu; Xing, Jingjing; Huang, Bingzhao; Jin, Di; Wang, Jiansheng

    2015-09-07

    According to the framework of "Pressure-State-Response", this study established an indicator system which can reflect comprehensive risk of environment and health for an area at large scale. This indicator system includes 17 specific indicators covering social and economic development, pollution emission intensity, air pollution exposure, population vulnerability, living standards, medical and public health, culture and education. A corresponding weight was given to each indicator through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Comprehensive risk assessment of the environment and health of 58 counties was conducted in the Jiangsu province, China, and the assessment result was divided into four types according to risk level. Higher-risk counties are all located in the economically developed southern region of Jiangsu province and relatively high-risk counties are located along the Yangtze River and Xuzhou County and its surrounding areas. The spatial distribution of relatively low-risk counties is dispersive, and lower-risk counties mainly located in the middle region where the economy is somewhat weaker in the province. The assessment results provide reasonable and scientific basis for Jiangsu province Government in formulating environment and health policy. Moreover, it also provides a method reference for the comprehensive risk assessment of environment and health within a large area (provinces, regions and countries).

  3. High seroprevalence of Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiao-Xuan; Li, Run-Cheng; Liu, Guo-Hua; Cong, Wei; Song, Hui-Qun; Yu, Xing-Long; Zhu, Xing-Quan

    2014-04-01

    Chlamydia spp. are Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria, which are responsible for significant public health problems in humans and have major economic impact on animals. In the present study, the seroprevalence of Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, was examined using indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA). Antibodies to Chlamydia were detected in 747 of 1,191 (62.7%, 95% CI 60-65.5) serum samples (IHA titer ≥ 1:16). The Chlamydia seroprevalence ranged from 35% (95% CI 25.7-44.4) to 77.1% (95% CI 69.1-85.2) among different regions in Hunan province, and the differences were statistically significant (P Chlamydia infection in sows was higher in summer (75.7%, 95% CI 71.3-80) and spring (63.2%, 95% CI 57.5-68.8) than in autumn (56.9%, 95% CI 51.5-62.3) and winter (48.6%, 95% CI 42-55.3), and the differences were statistically significant (P Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, which poses a potential risk for human infection with Chlamydia in this province. This is the first report of Chlamydia seroprevalence in sows over the last two decades in Hunan province, subtropical China.

  4. Geologic Provinces of the Arctic, 2000 (prvarcst)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe Arctic portion of the U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the World in 2000.

  5. Public lighting.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2011-01-01

    Visual perception is very important for road users and in the dark it can be facilitated by public lighting. Public lighting has a mostly positive road safety effect. Installing public lighting on roads that were previously unlit generally results in fewer and less serious crashes. This effect seems

  6. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAN Bin; DONG Yuan-Rong; HOU Wei-Guo; TONG Li-Hua; YUAN Sheng

    2007-01-01

    A survey was conducted for about 3 years to study the abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) in Jiangsu Province, China. The identification of the fungal species was based on the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of their fruiting bodies. About 126 species of EMF were found in Jiangsu Province. These fungi were largely categorized into three orders (of 121 species), four families (of 96 species), and six genera (of about 86 species).

  7. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Huide; ZHANG, Wanzhen; Liu, Enping; ZHANG, Xizhu

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution, member scale, production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification, this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations, such as joint production of banana cooperatives, ...

  8. Economic Periodicity Analysis of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhaode; Yao Lili; Sun Jinfang; Yu Wei

    2008-01-01

    The paper analyses the periodical characteristics of the economic development of Shandong Province by using the mini-mum variation analysis model. The analysis shows that the eco-nomic development process of Shandong Province has short, medium and long cycles respectively for 6, 12, 19 years, and the fluctuation of the economic development becomes gentler with time passing by. The fluctuation of macro-control policy, invest-ment and consumption are the main reasons of the economic fluc-tuation.

  9. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is based on an ethnobotanical research project conducted in Hormozgan province that is located in south of Iran, bordering waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. This survey was carried out in order to recover the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge of the residents of this province. They are using medicinal and functional plants for treating or preventing several diseases. Materials and Methods: Ethnobotanical data sheets were run with the native inhabitants and people of the province by arranging frequent field trips to different parts of the province and direct interviews with them especially those who were more familiar with the plants and their usage.Results: A total of 150 plant species belonging to 53 families were recorded for their ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal uses among the people of province. The records were developed by scientific names, family names, local names, medicinal parts used, different ways of their application, and traditional uses of the plants. There was high compliance in the use of plants in painful disorders, gastrointestinal, and dermatological diseases.Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life. Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  10. Intestinal acariasis in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang

    2000-01-01

    The mites found in stored food and house comprise a large group of subclass Acari, belonging to the suborder Acardida of the order Acarifornes. They can be found in dust and vacuum samples from floors, furniture, mattresses, Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, and bedding. These mites are nidicolous and feed on organic debris, including sloughed human skin, fungi, spilled food, pollen, etc. These mites are particularly prevalent in Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, beds, though carpeted floors near beds or couches may also have large numbers. The most common species are Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae , Dermatophagoides farinae , D . pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, G. Ornatus, Carpoglyphus lactis and Tarsonemus granarius, etc. The viability of mites in storage is quite strong and they can invade and parasitize the intestines of humans[1 -15]. They can cause pulmonary acariasis[16-25] , urinary acariasis[26-33] and so on. The dejecta of mites is a quite strong allergen and can cause different allergic diseases[34-44]. Intestinal acariasis can be caused by some mites related to the way of diet intake and invading against intestinal mucosa, intestinal muscle[45-5a]. The first report of intestinal acariasis caused by these mites was made by Hinman et al (1934)[45]. From then on, all kinds of studies on the disease have been reported gradually. In order to make an epidemiological survey of intestinal acariasis the investigation of the disease was taken in some areas of Anhui Province from 1989 to 1996.

  11. Thematic cartography in Tigrai Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marini, A.; Melis, Maria T.

    1994-12-01

    Tigre Province is in northern Ethiopia between Eritrea on the north and east, and Begemdir and Wollo on the south. The area is comprised of five main physiographic units: Danakil Depression, Escarpment, Tigre and Eritrea Plateau, Semien Mountains and the Western Lowlands. The first two drain into the closed drainage basin of Dallol whilst the other three drain into the Nilo Through the Tezeke, Mareb and Barka River. Three main rock complexes build up the prospect area. The metamorphic and intrusive rocks of the Precambrian basement, the Paleozoic-Mesozoic Sediments and Tertiary Trap Volcanics, and the Young Sedimentary and Volcanic Rocks of the Danakil Depression. The only existing geological data on this area is represented by maps assembled from different sources on very large scale. Thanks to interactive computer processing, it is becoming possible to trace, on the relief as it appears on the display unit, lithological boundaries and the faults which affect them, measuring each of their geometric characteristics. Image processing coupled with pattern recognition programs has made it possible to take into consideration landscape units combining morphological, botanical and geological signatures, and more generally to quantify the morphological elements. Satellite images (Landsat TM and Spot XS) have been processed to produce thematic maps.

  12. Healthcare Services Expenditure: A Case Study in Isfahan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdosi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Determining and understanding of healthcare costs and its financing method is one of the most important subjects understatement of which can cause such major problems as excessive health costs for households due to the high rate of out-of-pocket expenses. Objectives The current study aimed to analyze the healthcare costs and determine the share of Isfahan province, Iran, from the total healthcare costs of the country from 2006 to 2011. Materials and Methods It was a retrospective and descriptive-analytical study. The required statistical data were gathered from statistical yearbooks of the country and the province, the website of the World Bank, the statistics provided by the Healthcare Department of Isfahan and Kashan Universities of Medical Sciences and the statistical data provided by Iran Statistics Center in 2011, all covering the period of six years from 2006 to 2011. Excel software was used for data analysis and computations of the research. Results During this period, the annual growth average of healthcare and treatment costs were 12% and 20%, respectively. The share of the healthcare sector declined from 33% in 2006 to 25.4% in 2011. In other words, healthcare cost per capita, being about one second of the treatment cost per capita, reduced to a third of treatment per capita in 2011. Conclusions Efficient allocation of financial resources in the healthcare system based on specific goals and strategies, coordination of public and private sectors in providing healthcare services, the rising share of the healthcare sector in GDP of the province and the country, and the preference of prevention over treatment measures can affect achieving the healthcare system goals and surmount challenges such as pay-out-of-pocket and rising healthcare costs, particularly the costs of integrated treatment with full performance.

  13. Echinococcosis/Hydatidosis in Ilam Province, Western Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jahangir Abdi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease of global prevalence. It causes considerable health problems and economic losses throughout the world, including Iran. The objective of this study was to assess the current status of echinococco­sis/hydatidosis in the province of Ilam (western Iran. Methods: From April to September 2011, 65 stray dogs were collected from urban and rural areas of Ilam City. Parasites were isolated from the dogs and stained with carmine. A taxonomic study was carried out by measuring different parts of hel­minths. Meat inspection documents from slaughterhouses in Ilam were used to assess the prevalence of hydatidosis during a 3-year period in sheep, cattle, and goats. ELISA test was used to detect the presence of antibodies to hydatidosis in human sera. Clinical records from 2000 to 2010 of either treated or diagnosed pa­tients from public hospitals of this province were reviewed. Results: The prevalence of Echinococcus granulosus infection in stray dogs was 9%. A total of 81,726 animals were assessed for hydatidosis; 2.94% (2403 cases had liver hydatidosis and 2.34% (1918 cases had lung hydatidosis. Within a 10-year period, 140 patients (91 females and 49 males were treated for hydatidosis. Of 1200 hu­man sera, 2.25% (27 patients were seropositive for hydatidosis. Conclusion: Hydatidosis is endemic in Ilam Province especially in rural area. The health and economic losses caused by the disease are significant; thus, our efforts need to be focused on the control of this disease.

  14. Epidemiology of gastroenterologic cancer in Henan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Bang Lu; Xi-Bin Sun; Di-Xin Dai; Shi-Kuan Zhu; Qiu-Ling Chang; Shu-Zheng Liu; Wen-Jie Duan

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To estimate the mortality rates of gastroenterologic cancers for the period between 1974 and 1999, in Henan Province, China and its epidemiologic features.METHODS: Information on death of patients with cancer was provided by the county-city registries. Population data were provided by the local police bureau. All the deaths of cancer registered were classified according to the threedigit rubric of the ICD-9. Cancer mortality rates reported herein were age-adjusted, using the world population as standard and weighted piecewise linear regression analysis.RESULTS: Total cancer age-adjusted mortality rates were 195.91 per 100 000 for males and 124.36 per 100 000 for females between 1996 and 1998. During the period of 19741999, a remarkable decrease took place in esophageal carcinoma, stomach cancer remained essentially stable and liver cancer, a moderate increase. Colorectal cancer was slightly increased over the last two decades.CONCLUSION: The population-based cancer registry can give an accurate picture of cancer in Henan Province, by providing a set of analyses of selected cancer mortality data as a source of reference for researchers in cancer, public health and health care services.

  15. Infertility in Mazandaran province - north of Iran: an etiological study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimpour Malekshah, Abbasali; Esmailnejad Moghaddam, Amir; Moslemizadeh, Narges; Peivandi, Sepideh; Barzegarnejad, Ayyub; Musanejad, Nadali; Jursarayee, Gholamali

    2011-01-01

    Background: The prevalence and etiology of infertility are not similar in different parts of the world. There are only few reports of this topic in Iran. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the clinical patterns and major causes of infertility in Mazandaran province in north of Iran. Materials and Methods: The medical records of 3734 consecutive couples attending two infertility clinics in Mazandaran province, from 2003 to 2008, were reviewed. The couples had not had a viable birth after at least 1 year of unprotected intercourse and were fully investigated. Results: Of the entire samples, 78.7% had primary infertility and 21.3% had secondary infertility. The mean duration of infertility in couples was 5.7±4 years. The etiology of infertility in couples revealed; male factor in 38.9%, female factor in 34.7%, combined factors in 14.6% and undetermined cause in 11.8%. Conclusion: In this study, delayed attendance of infertile couples to the infertility clinic was found. Therefore, there is a need to revise public health program on infertility to focus on the education and prevention of infertility and its risk factors. PMID:25356077

  16. Malaria elimination in Isabel Province, Solomon Islands: establishing a surveillance-response system to prevent introduction and reintroduction of malaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whittaker Maxine

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Solomon Islands National Malaria Programme is currently focused on intensified control and progressive elimination. Recent control efforts in Isabel Province have reduced their malaria incidence to 2.6/1,000 population in 2009 1 whereas most neighbouring provinces have much higher incidences. A malaria surveillance-response system that involves testing all travellers entering Isabel Province using rapid diagnostic tests (RDT to prevent cases being imported had been proposed by local health authorities. This study provides information on the feasibility and acceptability of implementing a new approach of surveillance and response in the context of low levels of indigenous malaria transmission in Isabel Province. Methods A total of 13 focus group discussions (FGD and 22 key informant interviews (KII were conducted in Isabel Province, Solomon Islands. Key topics included: the travel patterns of people to, from and within Isabel Province; the acceptability, community perceptions, attitudes and suggestions towards the proposed surveillance programme; and management of suspected malaria cases. This information was triangulated with data obtained from port authorities, airlines and passenger ships travelling to and from Isabel Province in the preceding two years. Results Travel within Isabel Province and to and from other provinces is common with marked seasonality. The majority of inter-provincial travel is done on scheduled public transport; namely passenger ships and aircrafts. In Isabel Province there is a healthy community spirit as well as high concern regarding malaria and its importation and there is currently effective malaria passive case detection and management. Conducting malaria screening at ports and airports would be acceptable to the community. Conclusion A robust surveillance-response system is essential when moving towards malaria elimination. Many factors contribute positively towards the feasibility of an

  17. Malaria elimination in Isabel Province, Solomon Islands: establishing a surveillance-response system to prevent introduction and reintroduction of malaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Matthew; Kenilorea, Geoffrey; Yamaguchi, Yuka; Bobogare, Albino; Losi, Landry; Atkinson, Jo-An; Vallely, Andrew; Whittaker, Maxine; Tanner, Marcel; Wijesinghe, Rushika

    2011-08-11

    The Solomon Islands National Malaria Programme is currently focused on intensified control and progressive elimination. Recent control efforts in Isabel Province have reduced their malaria incidence to 2.6/1,000 population in 2009 1 whereas most neighbouring provinces have much higher incidences. A malaria surveillance-response system that involves testing all travellers entering Isabel Province using rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) to prevent cases being imported had been proposed by local health authorities. This study provides information on the feasibility and acceptability of implementing a new approach of surveillance and response in the context of low levels of indigenous malaria transmission in Isabel Province. A total of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) and 22 key informant interviews (KII) were conducted in Isabel Province, Solomon Islands. Key topics included: the travel patterns of people to, from and within Isabel Province; the acceptability, community perceptions, attitudes and suggestions towards the proposed surveillance programme; and management of suspected malaria cases. This information was triangulated with data obtained from port authorities, airlines and passenger ships travelling to and from Isabel Province in the preceding two years. Travel within Isabel Province and to and from other provinces is common with marked seasonality. The majority of inter-provincial travel is done on scheduled public transport; namely passenger ships and aircrafts. In Isabel Province there is a healthy community spirit as well as high concern regarding malaria and its importation and there is currently effective malaria passive case detection and management. Conducting malaria screening at ports and airports would be acceptable to the community. A robust surveillance-response system is essential when moving towards malaria elimination. Many factors contribute positively towards the feasibility of an RDT based malaria surveillance system in Isabel Province. Due to

  18. Epidemiology of Ectopic Pregnancy in Hamadan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Shobeiri

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The blastocyst implantation in any place other than uterus cavity endometrium is called ectopic pregnancy. The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy is different in various countries. This study has been conducted to investigate the epidemiology of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010.Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective descriptive study. The data on 872 ectopic pregnancies were extracted by questionnaires from the files in the records department of hospitals and delivery centers in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS-16 software.Results: The frequency of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010 was averagely 2.6 per 1000 pregnancies. Tubal pregnancy with 95.2% is the most prevalent type of ectopic pregnancy most of which had occurred in the right tube (52.4%. Most ectopic pregnancies (52.2% were in the age group of 25-34.Conclusion: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during the mentioned years has been 2.6 in 1000 pregnancies, which is lower compared to many existing data. However, the prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in this province has increased over time, so that it has become 3.3 times as much from 2000-2010.

  19. Some new species of the genus Helicella (Pulmonata, Helicidae) from the province León, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gittenberger, E.; Manga, M.Y.

    1977-01-01

    Many samples of Helicellinae have been collected by the second author in León, a province in the North of Spain. While trying to identify the species represented in this material, not only the most recent summarizing publications on Spanish Helicellinae by Ortiz de Zárate (1943, 1946, 1950, 1962 196

  20. Neurocysticercosis in a rural population with extensive pig production in Angónia district, Tete Province, Mozambique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assane, Yunus Amade; Trevisan, Chiara; Schutte, Clara Maria

    2017-01-01

    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an important neurological disease in countries with high prevalence of Taenia solium infection and is emerging as a serious public health and economic problem. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of NCC in Angónia district, Tete province, Mozambique...

  1. Some new species of the genus Helicella (Pulmonata, Helicidae) from the province León, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gittenberger, E.; Manga, M.Y.

    1977-01-01

    Many samples of Helicellinae have been collected by the second author in León, a province in the North of Spain. While trying to identify the species represented in this material, not only the most recent summarizing publications on Spanish Helicellinae by Ortiz de Zárate (1943, 1946, 1950, 1962

  2. Spatiotemporal analysis of indigenous and imported dengue fever cases in Guangdong province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhongjie

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue fever has been a major public health concern in China since it re-emerged in Guangdong province in 1978. This study aimed to explore spatiotemporal characteristics of dengue fever cases for both indigenous and imported cases during recent years in Guangdong province, so as to identify high-risk areas of the province and thereby help plan resource allocation for dengue interventions. Methods Notifiable cases of dengue fever were collected from all 123 counties of Guangdong province from 2005 to 2010. Descriptive temporal and spatial analysis were conducted, including plotting of seasonal distribution of cases, and creating choropleth maps of cumulative incidence by county. The space-time scan statistic was used to determine space-time clusters of dengue fever cases at the county level, and a geographical information system was used to visualize the location of the clusters. Analysis were stratified by imported and indigenous origin. Results 1658 dengue fever cases were recorded in Guangdong province during the study period, including 94 imported cases and 1564 indigenous cases. Both imported and indigenous cases occurred more frequently in autumn. The areas affected by the indigenous and imported cases presented a geographically expanding trend over the study period. The results showed that the most likely cluster of imported cases (relative risk = 7.52, p  Conclusions This study demonstrated that the geographic range of imported and indigenous dengue fever cases has expanded over recent years, and cases were significantly clustered in two heavily urbanised areas of Guangdong province. This provides the foundation for further investigation of risk factors and interventions in these high-risk areas.

  3. Spatiotemporal analysis of indigenous and imported dengue fever cases in Guangdong province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhongjie; Yin, Wenwu; Clements, Archie; Williams, Gail; Lai, Shengjie; Zhou, Hang; Zhao, Dan; Guo, Yansha; Zhang, Yonghui; Wang, Jinfeng; Hu, Wenbiao; Yang, Weizhong

    2012-06-12

    Dengue fever has been a major public health concern in China since it re-emerged in Guangdong province in 1978. This study aimed to explore spatiotemporal characteristics of dengue fever cases for both indigenous and imported cases during recent years in Guangdong province, so as to identify high-risk areas of the province and thereby help plan resource allocation for dengue interventions. Notifiable cases of dengue fever were collected from all 123 counties of Guangdong province from 2005 to 2010. Descriptive temporal and spatial analysis were conducted, including plotting of seasonal distribution of cases, and creating choropleth maps of cumulative incidence by county. The space-time scan statistic was used to determine space-time clusters of dengue fever cases at the county level, and a geographical information system was used to visualize the location of the clusters. Analysis were stratified by imported and indigenous origin. 1658 dengue fever cases were recorded in Guangdong province during the study period, including 94 imported cases and 1564 indigenous cases. Both imported and indigenous cases occurred more frequently in autumn. The areas affected by the indigenous and imported cases presented a geographically expanding trend over the study period. The results showed that the most likely cluster of imported cases (relative risk = 7.52, p dengue fever cases has expanded over recent years, and cases were significantly clustered in two heavily urbanised areas of Guangdong province. This provides the foundation for further investigation of risk factors and interventions in these high-risk areas.

  4. Status Survey on Carrying out the Directional Sports in Public Sports Teaching of General Universities in Shanxi Province%山西省普通本科院校公共体育教学中开展定向运动的现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴强

    2015-01-01

    采用问卷调查法、访谈法、数理统计法等对山西省普通本科院校开展定向运动的影响因素进行了分析研究,旨在促进学生心理协调能力和社会适应能力的全面发展,其结果表明,山西省普通本科院校定向运动课程发展缓慢,体育任课教师对定向运动的参与度较高,学生对定向运动的认知度较低但兴趣较浓,指出要提高普通本科院校领导对开展定向运动的重视程度,提高体育任课教师的业务水平,建立高校定向运动俱乐部以丰富校园文化生活。%By using questionnaire investigation, interview method and mathematical statistic method, this paper conducted the analytical research on the factors influencing the launching of directed sports in general universities of Shanxi Province for the purpose of promoting students’ all-round development of mental coordination ability and social adaptation ability, the results of which show that in general universities of Shanxi Province the development of directional sports subject is slow, sports teachers’ participation of directional sports is higher, and students’ recognition of directional sports is lower but the interest is thicker, and points out that the leaders of general universities should pay more attention to carrying out directional sports, the sports teachers should improve their professional level, and universities should set up the directional sports club to enriches the campus cultural life.

  5. Primary instruction reforms in the province of Goiás, Brazil, in the imperial period (1822-1889

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Elaine Aires de Abreu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Additional Act of 1834 established the representational councils in the provinces in the place of the general councils of the provinces and empowered them with important roles, within which, the role to legislate about public instruction and to create conditions to carry them out. So each province of the empire organized its own instruction, creating a varied net of public and private schools. In this context, the province of Goiás set up its educational legislation, of which, we point out the Law number 13 of 1835 as well as the regulations of instruction of 1835, 1856, 1869, 1884, 1886 and 1887. The present work proposed to analyze both the legislative content and the historical context which brought about the legislation. The applied methodology is bibliographical and documental analysis. The educational legislation of the Goiás province was decreed by the presidents unopposed of the Provincial Assembly. The opposition, when they existed, was carried out partly by the cultural and economical elite of the province, which envisaged to take up the political power and used the press to deliver its own critiques. It conquered enormous power in the 1880 decade through the Bulhões oligarchy. The production of various regulations was not sufficient to overcome the poor situation of the instruction in the province, considering the difficulty to put them into practice, without exception, mainly due to the lack of financial resources. How to reference this article Abreu, S. E. A. de, Gonçalves Neto, W., & Carvalho, C. H. de (2015. As reformas da instrução primária na província de Goiás, Brasil, no período imperial (1822-1889. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 2(1, pp. 255-280. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2015.002.001.013

  6. Tobacco knowledge among adults in Zhejiang Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Xu

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aims of current study were to assess the level of tobacco knowledge, anti-tobacco messages and major information channels in Zhejiang. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 2112 adults in Zhejiang. Data on demographic information, smoking status, tobacco knowledge, anti-tobacco messages and major information channels was collected. RESULTS: The findings revealed that only 31.87% of the population were aware that smoking could cause all three diseases (stoke, heart disease, and lung cancer, 86.09% were aware that smoking causes lung cancer, 46.43% and 42.40% were aware that smoking causes stroke and heart attack, respectively. Residence and education level had significant effects on awareness, while the effects of smoking status, gender, age, and household monthly income were not significant. There were five major information channels as follows: television (67.52%, newspapers or magazines (40.79%, billboards (30.02%, public walls (24.72, and radio (23.79%. Respondents got the following anti-tobacco messages from mass media: "No smoking in public" (66.34%, "No smoking in front of other people" (35.18% and "Not offering cigarettes to one another" (22.82%. CONCLUSIONS: The tobacco knowledge among residents in Zhejiang province is relatively poor. Improved information channels and content of anti-tobacco messages are necessary to increase the public's tobacco knowledge, particularly among rural residents and people with less education.

  7. Petroleum systems and assessment of undiscovered oil and gas in the Anadarko Basin Province, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas: USGS Province 58

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higley, Debra K.

    2014-01-01

    This publication provides research results and related data in support of the U.S. Geological Survey assessment of the undiscovered oil and gas resource potential of the Anadarko Basin Province of western Oklahoma and Kansas, northern Texas, and southeastern Colorado. This province area includes the Las Animas arch of southeastern Colorado, part of the Palo Duro Basin of Texas, and the Anadarko Basin. Results of the geologic analysis and resource assessment are based on the geologic elements of each defined total petroleum system, including hydrocarbon source rocks (source-rock maturation, hydrocarbon generation and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphic and petrophysical properties), hydrocarbon traps (trapping mechanisms and timing), and seals. Using this geologic framework, the U.S. Geological Survey defined 2 total petroleum systems, the Woodford Composite total petroleum system and Pennsylvanian Composite total petroleum system and 12 included assessment units, and quantitatively estimated the undiscovered oil and gas resources within these conventional and continuous (unconventional) AUs.

  8. Public knowledge and public trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham-Burley, Sarah

    2006-01-01

    As health care applications derived from human genetics research are likely to move increasingly from 'clinic to community', there is growing interest not just in how patients understand and take up health-related genetic information but also in the views of the wider population, as well as a range of professional groups. In this paper, issues relating public knowledge and public trust are raised and discussed in an attempt to move forward debates about public involvement in genomic research and the role of sociologists within interdisciplinary teams. As the field of public understanding of science has developed, we have seen a shift from a focus on the lack of scientific literacy as problem to a recognition of the range of different knowledges that people have and use as they confront science and technology in their everyday lives. As a mood for dialogue pervades many institutions in their relations with 'publics', attention must now be paid to the way in which knowledge and expertise is expressed, heard and acted upon in dialogic encounters. There is increasing concern about public trust in science and calls to increase public confidence, particularly through more open engagement with a range of publics. However, lack of trust or loss of confidence may be constructed as problems rather than reflecting empirical reality, where more complex relationships and attitudes prevail. Lack of trust is often privatized, deeply rooted in lived experience and routinely managed. Trust relations are generally characterized by ambivalence, uncertainty and risk, and are always provisional. Drawing on selected literature and empirical research to review and illustrate this field, this paper argues that scepticism or ambivalence on the part of publics are not necessarily problems to be overcome in the interest of scientific progress, but rather should be mobilized to enhance open and public debates about the nature and direction of genomics research, medicine, and the related

  9. 高校图书馆与公共图书馆合作问题研究--以河南省安阳市为例%Research on the Cooperation between University Library and Public Library---Taking Anyang City of He’nan Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑英兰

    2015-01-01

    This paper expounds the necessity of the cooperation between university library and the public library, analyzes the possibility of the cooperation between university library and the public library, and puts forward the mode of the cooperation between university library and the public library.%阐述了高校图书馆与公共图书馆合作的必要性,分析了安阳市高校图书馆与公共图书馆合作的可行性,提出了安阳市高校图书馆与公共图书馆的合作模式。

  10. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huide; HUANG; Wanzhen; ZHANG; Enping; LIU; Xizhu; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution,member scale,production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province,and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification,this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations,such as joint production of banana cooperatives,timely planting of banana,brand management,and improvement of production and operation technical level.

  11. POLISH-RUSSIAN COOPERATION OF POMORSKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina GOMULKA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Polish-Russian Cooperation of Pomorskie Province commenced in 1999 and was based on the intergovernmental agreements. The new agreement, executed between the authorities of the Pomeranian Province and Kaliningrad Oblast in 2002, provided for cooperation in many areas. The contacts between the partners were dominated by economic cooperation. The Polish–Russian cooperation stopped with Polish accession to the Schengen zone. Cooperation resumed when in 2011 and agreement on small cross-border traffic was signed and then ratified in 2012. 

  12. [Terrestrial gastropods from Misiones Province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregoric, Diego Eduardo Gutiérrez; Núñez, Verónica; Vogler, Roberto Eugenio; Beltramino, Ariel Aníbal; Rumi, Alejandra

    2013-12-01

    The Atlantic Forest represents one of the global priority eco-regions for biodiversity conservation. In Argentina, this is represented by the Paranense Forest, which occupies much of the Misiones Province. In this paper, an updated list of land mollusks from Misiones Province is presented, and its species richness was evaluated comparing protected and unprotected areas. For this, we reviewed La Plata Museum Mollusk Collection, updated the literature review, and developed some field work between 2009 and 2010. For the areographic work, a grid (50 x 50 km) was applied to a Misiones province map. In this region, large areas of native vegetation constituting the Paranaense Forest still persist, and include protected areas such as the Iguazú National Park and Puerto Peninsula Provincial Park. These areas have been the most explored at the malacological level (both terrestrial and aquatic environments), a fact that is consistent with the greater number of records found, which may also be the explanation for the highest number of species recorded in the region. A database containing 497 records was compiled. The number of species occurring in this Province was increased from 28 to 56; 11 of which were exotic species. A total of 38 of the species occurred in protected areas and 53 in unprotected areas; and 25 species were micro-mollusks. Orthalicidae was the family with the highest species number (10) and the widest distribution, occupying 16/20 sampling units. Megalobulimus was the genus found in a greater number of sampling units (14/20). The highest values of specific richness of land gastropods were found in Northern Misiones (R=32). This richness was similar to that previously reported for the Tucumán Province, although species occurring in both provinces were mostly different. The richness in Misiones Province border areas, as the Republic of Paraguay and the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil), was about twice that found in the province. The present study showed the

  13. Rheumatology Resources in a Region of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fara, Nauan; Sequeira, Gabriel

    2016-08-01

    Accurate knowledge of the available rheumatology workforce and their working conditions results in better care for patients with rheumatic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the rheumatology resources and their distribution within district V of the College of Physicians (COLMED5) of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. All the registered rheumatologists and all the registered public and private institutions within COLMED5 were identified. Aside from these data, phone calls, letters, Internet-derived information, and databases from public and private health insurance providers and the Argentine Society of Rheumatology were included as well. Rheumatologists' per-capita rates were built for both the whole district and every town. A rate of at least 1 rheumatologist per 50,000 people was deemed an optimal resource. Thirty-six rheumatologists were identified; the calculated rate was 1 rheumatologist per 68,403 people; 44% of the health care institutions had a rheumatologist; 33% of them were public institutions. Only 25.5% of COLMED5 total population had optimal rheumatology resources in their town, 70.3% did not reach the optimal resource level but at least had a rheumatologist in their town, and 4.2% had no resources whatsoever; 49% of the total population lacked public health care facilities with inpatient settings and rheumatologists in their town. Although COLMED5 has 72% of the optimal number of rheumatologists, because of their uneven distribution, only 25.5% of the district's total population has the optimal rheumatology resources in their town. Nearly half COLMED5 total population lacks public health care facilities with inpatient settings and rheumatologists in their town, and 4.2% has no available rheumatology resource at all.

  14. Public opinion on public services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evelien Eggink; Debbie Verbeek-Oudijk; Evert Pommer

    2013-01-01

    Original titel: Burgers over de kwaliteit van publieke diensten Most citizens come into contact with public services, for example as a patient, as a student or pupil, as a passenger on public transport or as a museum visitor. More and more importance is being attached to the quality of those service

  15. Geologic Provinces of the Caribbean Region, 2004 (prv6bg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset includes a modified subset of polygon features that describe U.S. Geological Survey's defined geologic provinces of the World. Each province has a set...

  16. Flypaper effect at the local governments: an empirical analysis for Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irham Iskandar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this reseach is to test the phenomenon of flypaper effect in local governments in Aceh Province during 2008 to 2012. The research used panel data analysis. Technically, it regresses the independent variables of the local owned revenue and unconditional grants on dependent variable of public spending where the institutions as a moderating variable. The flypaper effect was found in the case of public and infrastructure expenditures. The study also found that the institution is capable to reduce the use of unconditional grants. It means that by the role of institution the local owned revenue can be optimized.

  17. Public Sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    What is the role of sociology in society? How can - and should - sociology contribute with insights relevant and useful to the outside world? Is sociology attuned to accommodate the demands of the wider public and of surrounding society? Who benefits from the knowledge produced and provided...... by sociology? What are the social implications and cultural effects of the knowledge sociology provides and creates? All of these questions, and many others, concern and centre on sociology's relationship to the surrounding society, in short to the ‘public'. All of these questions - and many others...... irrelevance and introversion and the Charybdis of public relevancy and extroversion. But what does it mean to be a ‘public sociologist' in contemporary society and are there really any other ways of doing sociology? What are the requirements of sociologists in a social world increasingly informed and shaped...

  18. Miscellaneous Publications

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Late 19th century Weather Bureau publications and Congressional reports pertaining to weather. Set of Weather Bureau Snowfall Bulletins for Rocky Mountain states...

  19. Public Airports

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a vector point digital data structure that contains the locations of General Public Use Airports in the State of New Mexico. It only contains those...

  20. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    Do you have questions about the elections to the Staff Council, 2017 MERIT exercise, EVE and School, LD to IC exercise, CHIS, the Pension Fund… Come get informed and ask your questions at our public meetings. These public meetings are also an opportunity to get the more information on current issues. Benefit from this occasion to get the latest news and to discuss with the representatives of the statutory body that is the Staff Association!

  1. Cretaceous Volcanic Events in Southeastern Jilin Province, China: Evidence from Single Zircon U-Pb Ages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yuejun; SUN Chunlin; SUN Yuewu; SUN Wei

    2008-01-01

    Mesozoic volcanic rocks in southeastern Jilin Province are an important component of the huge Mesozoic volcanic belt in the northeastern area. Study of the age of their formation is of great significance to recognize Mesozoic volcanic rule in northeastern China. Along with the research of rare Mesozoic biota and extensive Mesozoic mineralization in western Liaoning, a number of researchers have focused on Mesozoic volcanic events. The authors studied the ages of the Cretaceous volcanic rocks in southeastern Jilin Province using single Zircon U-Pb. The result shows that the Sankeyushu Formation volcanic rocks in the Tonghua area are 119.2 Ma in age, the Yingcheng Formation in the Jiutai area 113.4±3.1 Ma, the Jinjiatun Formation in Pinggang Town of Liaoyuan City and the Wufeng volcanic rocks in the Yanji area 103.2±4.7 Ma and 103.6±1 Ma, respectively. Combined with the data of recent publication on volcanic rocks ages; the Cretaceous volcanic events in southeastern Jilin Province can be tentatively subdivided into three eruption periods: 119 Ma, 113 Ma and 103 Ma. The result not only provides important chronology data for subdividing Mesozoic strata in southeastern Jilin Province, establishing Mesozoic volcanic event sequence, discussing geological tectonic background, and surveying the relation between noble metals to the Cretaceous volcanic rocks, but also otters important information of Mesozoic volcanism in northeastern China.

  2. Work Measurement Techniques Utilized by The Building Industry in The Midlands Province Of Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tirivavi Moyo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The Zimbabwean construction industry, both in the private and public sector, is characterized by cost and time overruns. Whilst the causes are innumerable, labour productivity control, through use of effective work measurement techniques, is paramount as labour constitutes a considerable portion of any construction project. It is therefore expedient that an investigation of the work measurement techniques utilized by the industry be undertaken. Focus was made on the Midlands province, it being resident to a considerable number of mining entities undergoing building construction growth momentum on the back of significant investments since 2009. The survey was undertaken through use of interview administered questionnaires on Construction Industry Federation of Zimbabwe registered companies that are resident in the province and on those that have undertaken or are undertaking construction projects within the same province. Construction companies in the Midlands province have overwhelmingly, albeit inappropriately, used the estimating technique as alluded to by 95% of the respondents. The outputs generated from use of this technique are significantly different from the actual outputs directly causing time overruns on the project sites. The other methods of time study at 33%, work sampling at 10% and synthesis at 5% have been sparingly utilized. The results from the use of time study and work sampling in combination with the estimating technique are within the allowable limits and hence these projects have no time overrun concerns emanating from the use of these techniques.

  3. An epidemiological survey of cataract among adults aged 50 years and above in rural, Shaanxi Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang Tian

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate prevalence of cataract and status surgery of cataract among adults aged 50 years and above in rural, Shaanxi Province, and to evaluate the rate of blindness caused by cataracts and postoperative effects.METHODS: Cluster sampling was used in randomly selection in Shaanxi Province from Jan. to Dec. in 2011, among the 3494 individuals from Liuba county, Huangling county, Lantian county and Baqiao district, 2124 aged 50 years and above received questionnaire survey and eye examination in the study. WHO diagnostic criteria and cataracts diagnostic criteria were used in the evaluation. RESULTS: Of 1912 participated the eye survey and response rate was 90%, the prevalence of cataracts was 36.66%, and the prevalence of cataracts among adults aged 50 years and above was 15.80%, the prevalence of cataracts among adults aged 70 years and above was 68.71%. The prevalence of age-related cataracts increased obviously with aging(PPCONCLUSION: Cataract blindness is a serious public health problem in rural, Shaanxi Province. Prevention of blindness in Shaanxi Province has made some achievements, and the prevalence of cataract and visual impairment have decreased to some extent. PHACO has been carried out in rural areas, however, the penetration and surgical techniques of PHACO should be further improved.

  4. Comprehensive Evaluation of Circular Economic Development in North Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Shuheng; Zhang, Simei; Chen, Guangzhou; Xu, Min

    2009-01-01

    In view of the characteristics of north Anhui Province, an index system was constructed for evaluating the development level of circular economy according to relevant principles, Principal Component Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process were adopted to evaluate the circular economic development in north Anhui Province, and corresponding measures were put forward to promote the circular economy in north Anhui Province.

  5. WHEN THE PROVINCE TAKE CARE OF ITS OWN COIN SUPPLY. THE CASE OF THE TOWN OF DROBETA IN ROMAN DACIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Anton Gazdac

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Using comparative analysis and the most recent coin site-finds publication from the Roman site of Drobeta in Roman Dacia (nowadays Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania, the present paper demonstrates that when a site from a province is closed to an official mint from another province (e.g. Viminacium in Moesia Superior the coin supply comes mainly from this mint. However, the recent coin evidence from the site of Drobeta proves that the official mint of Dacia, which produced the series of ‘PROVINCIA DACIA’ type was still a main supplier of Drobeta especially after AD 250.

  6. Medical Meteorology: the Relationship between Meteorological Parameters (Humidity, Rainfall, Wind, and Temperature and Brucellosis in Zanjan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousefali Abedini

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Brucellosis (Malta fever is a major contagious zoonotic disease, with economic and public health importance. Methods To assess the effect of meteorological (temperature, rainfall, humidity, and wind and climate parameters on incidence of brucellosis, brucellosis distribution and meteorological zoning maps of Zanjan Province were prepared using Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW and Kriging technique in Arc GIS medium. Zoning maps of mean temperature, rainfall, humidity, and wind were compared to brucellosis distribution maps. Results: Correlation test showed no relationship between the mean number of patients with brucellosis and any of the four meteorological parameters. Conclusion: It seems that in Zanjan province there is no correlation between brucellosis and meteorological parameters.

  7. The Putumayo-Oriente-Maranon Province of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru; Mesozoic-Cenozoic and Paleozoic petroleum systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higley, D.K.

    2001-01-01

    This report is an evaluation of oil and gas resources for petroleum systems of the Putumayo-Oriente-Maranon province of Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru. This assessment is a product of the World Energy Project of the U.S. Geological Survey, under the direction of Thomas Ahlbrandt. Described in this explanation of the petroleum geology of the Putumayo-Oriente-Maranon province are thermal maturation of hydrocarbon source rocks, primary reservoir formations, areas and volumes of oil and (or) gas production, and the history of exploration. Complete oil and gas resource assessment results are planned for a later publication, although some data and results are contained in this report.

  8. 基于认知地图的四川小城镇公共空间布局研究*--以成都郫县团结镇为例%Research on the Sustainable Development of Public Space Layout in Small Towns of Sichuan Province-A Case Study of Tuanjie Town, Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春燕; 王红

    2015-01-01

    Through the analysis of the public space layout problems faced by the small towns—Tuanjie town of Sichuan, this paper proposes public space layout strategies for sustainable development of small towns in Sichuan. It employs cognitive maps, literature surveys, and field interviews, etc. to analyze the status and problems of public space layout, and the status of public space activities of Tuanjie town. Finally, it puts forward the sustainable development strategies of public space layout to improve the rationality, adaptability, and diversity of public space layout, and to achieve sustainable, effective and reasonable development and use of urban public space.%通过分析四川小城镇——郫县团结镇公共空间布局出现的问题,提出四川小城镇公共空间布局的可持续发展策略。采用认知地图法、文献资料调查法以及实地访谈等方法,对郫县团结镇公共空间布局的现状、公共空间发展中所存在的问题以及公共空间的活动现状进行分析。最后,提出公共空间布局的可持续发展策略,使公共空间布局的合理性、适应性、多样性得到改善和提高,使城镇公共空间得到持续、有效、合理的发展与利用。

  9. USMC Rethinking Coin in Helmand Province Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    2010 and the introduction of the United States Marines and their brand of counter insurgency (COIN) did the people of Helmand province fully embrace the...incapable of operating a shadow government. They encountered a society in upheaval with cultural baggage attached to century old battles at Maiwand

  10. Payenia volcanic province, southern Mendoza, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina; Holm, Paul Martin; Llambias, Eduardo Jorge

    2013-01-01

    The Pleistocene to Holocene Payenia volcanic province is a backarc region of 60,000 km2 in Mendoza, Argentina, which is dominated by transitional to alkaline basalts and trachybasalts. We present major and trace element compositions of 139 rocks from this area of which the majority are basaltic...

  11. Two Mysteries of Nature in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    JUST to the north of Shenyang,the capital of Liaoning Province,motorists along the Harbin-Dalian highway will encounter apeculiar slope khat is much easier to ascend than to descend.Theslope,approximately 90 meters long and 15 meters wide,slants abouttwo degrees toward the west.

  12. Investigation on Atmospheric Corrosiveness in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    According to the results of four-year exposure tests for carbon steel samples in Hainan province, the influences of meteorological factors and Cl- on atmospheric corrosion were investigated. The feature of atmospheric corrosion in this area was summarized. A corrosive map for the area was drawn. The corrosion products on carbon steel at some typical places were analyzed by XRD and XPS.

  13. Nontyphoidal Salmonella Infection, Guangdong Province, China, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xi; Huang, Qiong; Dun, Zhongjun; Huang, Wei; Wu, Shuyu; Liang, Junhua; Deng, Xiaoling; Zhang, Yonghui

    2016-04-01

    We used active and passive surveillance to estimate nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection during 2012 in Guangdong Province, China. Under passive surveillance, for every reported NTS infection, an estimated 414.8 cases occurred annually. Under active surveillance, an estimated 35.8 cases occurred. Active surveillance provides remarkable advantages in incidence estimate.

  14. Metallogenetic and geochemical provinces : book review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuiling, R.D.

    1975-01-01

    In November 1972 a symposium on metallogenetic and geochemical provinces was organized in Leoben by Prof. W.E. Petrascheck; the proceedings of this symposium have now appeared. The book is recommended to all those who want to combine their interest in economic geology with a somewhat wider

  15. Metallogenetic and geochemical provinces : book review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuiling, R.D.

    1975-01-01

    In November 1972 a symposium on metallogenetic and geochemical provinces was organized in Leoben by Prof. W.E. Petrascheck; the proceedings of this symposium have now appeared. The book is recommended to all those who want to combine their interest in economic geology with a somewhat wider outlook i

  16. Is a Public Confession Sufficient Punishment for Polluters?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Since September 2004,local authorities in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province,have told companies that discharge poilu- tants illegally to publicly confess their misdeeds through the media and pledge to abide by the laws governing this issue.It is reported that after this policy was adopted,remarkable improvements have been seen in environmental awareness and prevention.

  17. The Change of Rural Public Cultural Life in the View of Modernization:An Example of Dongcun in Hubei Province%现代化视野下农村公共文化生活变迁--以湖北洞村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王樱娜

    2014-01-01

    Since the foundation of new China, the public cultural life in Dongcun has experienced the following three periods: first, farming culture influenced by traditional ceremonies in the early period of new China, with strong color of religion and family; second, the public cultural life controlled by national administration in the period of collectivization, with bright color of organization and politics; third, the declining village public culture since the reform and opening up, family public cultural life reviving quietly and disappearing quickly, the belief in Christian arising and dying away. The future of village public cultural life is worrying, so building new countryside makes it hopeful to rebuild village public cultural life.%新中国成立以来,洞村公共文化生活经历了如下三个阶段:一是建国初期的传统仪式影响下的农耕文化---公共文化带有强烈的宗教和宗族色彩;二是集体化时期国家行政控制下公共文化生活---带有鲜明的组织化、政治化色彩;三是改革开放以来日益衰落的村庄公共文化---宗族性公共文化生活的悄然复兴又迅速消逝、基督教信仰的一度兴起又悄然衰落。村庄公共文化生活的前景堪忧。新农村建设使村庄公共文化生活的重建有了希望。

  18. Analysis on the inbound tourist source market in Fujian Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    YU, Tong

    2017-06-01

    The paper analyzes the development and structure of inbound tourism in Fujian Province by Excel software and conducts the cluster analysis on the inbound tourism market by SPSS 23.0 software based on the inbound tourism data of Fujian Province from 2006 to 2015. The results show: the rapid development of inbound tourism in Fujian Province and the diversified inbound tourist source countries indicate the stability of inbound tourism market; the inbound tourist source market in Fujian Province can be divided into four categories according to the cluster analysis, and tourists from the United States, Japan, Malaysia, and Singapore are the key of inbound tourism in Fujian Province.

  19. School Competition and Efficiency with Publicly Funded Catholic Schools

    OpenAIRE

    David Card; Martin Dooley; Abigail Payne

    2010-01-01

    The province of Ontario has two publicly funded school systems: secular schools (known as public schools) that are open to all students, and separate schools that are open to children with Catholic backgrounds. The systems are administered independently and receive equal funding per student. In this paper we use detailed school and student-level data to assess whether competition between the systems leads to improved efficiency. Building on a simple model of school choice, we argue that incen...

  20. Going public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte; Sandøe, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The paper addresses issues of scientific conduct regarding relations between science and the media, relations between scientists and journalists, and attitudes towards the public at large. In the large and increasing body of literature on scientific conduct and misconduct, these issues seem...... deal with ethical public relations issues, guided by a norm or maxim of openness. Drawing on and rethinking the CUDOS codification of the scientific ethos, as it was worked out by Robert K. Merton in 1942, we propose that this, which is echoed in current codifications of norms for good scientific...... conduct, contains a tacit maxim of openness which may naturally be extended to cover the public relations of science. Discussing openness as access, accountability, transparency and receptiveness, the argumentation concentrates on the possible prevention of misconduct with respect to, on the one hand...

  1. Going public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte; Sandøe, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The paper addresses issues of scientific conduct regarding relations between science and the media, relations between scientists and journalists, and attitudes towards the public at large. In the large and increasing body of literature on scientific conduct and misconduct, these issues seem...... deal with ethical public relations issues, guided by a norm or maxim of openness. Drawing on and rethinking the CUDOS codification of the scientific ethos, as it was worked out by Robert K. Merton in 1942, we propose that this, which is echoed in current codifications of norms for good scientific...... conduct, contains a tacit maxim of openness which may naturally be extended to cover the public relations of science. Discussing openness as access, accountability, transparency and receptiveness, the argumentation concentrates on the possible prevention of misconduct with respect to, on the one hand...

  2. Public Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trenz, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    of the collective will of the people in the act of democratic self-government. The concept of the public sphere is used across the fields of media and communication research, cultural studies and the humanities, the history of ideas, legal and constitutional studies as well as democracy studies. Historically......In modern societies, the public sphere represents the intermediary realm that supports the communication of opinions, the discovery of problems that need to be dealt with collectively, the channeling of these problems through the filter of the media and political institutions, and the realization......, public spheres have undergone structural transformations that were closely connected to the emergence of different mass media. More recently, they are subject to trends of transnationalization and digitalization in politics and society....

  3. Public Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trenz, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    In modern societies, the public sphere represents the intermediary realm that supports the communication of opinions, the discovery of problems that need to be dealt with collectively, the channeling of these problems through the filter of the media and political institutions, and the realization......, public spheres have undergone structural transformations that were closely connected to the emergence of different mass media. More recently, they are subject to trends of transnationalization and digitalization in politics and society....... of the collective will of the people in the act of democratic self-government. The concept of the public sphere is used across the fields of media and communication research, cultural studies and the humanities, the history of ideas, legal and constitutional studies as well as democracy studies. Historically...

  4. public spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this issue is PUBLIC SPACES. It is familiar and clear to every citizen. The streets and courtyards as childhood experiences remain with us forever. And these are the places where we come with our parents at weekends, where we meet friends, where we have dates and where we already come for a walk with our children.The history of public spaces is long and captivating. It was the main city squares where the most important events took place in history. The Agoras of Ancient Greece and the Roman Forums, the squares of Vatican, Paris and London, Moscow and Saint Petersburg… Greve, Trafalgar, Senate, Palace, Red, Bolotnaya – behind every name there is life of capitals, countries and nations.Public spaces, their shapes, image and development greatly influence the perception of the city as a whole. Both visitors and inhabitants can see in public spaces not only the visage but the heart, the soul and the mind of the city.Unfortunately, sometimes we have to prove the value of public spaces and defend them from those who consider them nothing but a blank space, nobody’s land destined for barbarous development.What should happen to make citizens perceive public spaces as their own and to make authorities consider development and maintenance of squares and parks their priority task against the  background of increasing competition between cities and the fight for human capital? Lately they more often say about “a high-quality human capital”. And now, when they say “the city should be liveable” they add “for all groups of citizens, including the creative class”.

  5. Emergency obstetric care availability, accessibility and utilization in eight districts in Pakistan's North West Frontier Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Moazzam; Ayaz, Mohammad; Rizwan, Humayun; Hashim, Saima; Kuroiwa, Chushi

    2006-01-01

    Reducing maternal mortality is a critical issue in Pakistan. Do public health care centers in Pakistan's North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comply with minimum UN recommendations for availability, use, and quality of basic and comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC) as measured by UN process indicators? All public health facilities providing EmOC (n = 50) in 30% of districts in NWFP province (n = 8 districts) sampled randomly in September 2003 were included in a cross-sectional study. Data came from health facility records. Almost all indicators were below minimum recommended UN levels. The number of facilities providing basic EmOC services was much too low to be called providing comprehensive coverage. A low percentage of births took place in hospital and few women with complications reached EmOC facilities. Caesarean section was either underutilized or unavailable. The case fatality rate was low, perhaps due to poor record-keeping. The findings of this first needs assessment in NWFP province can serve as a benchmark for monitoring future progress. In resource-poor countries like Pakistan, it is important to upgrade existing facilities, giving special emphasis to facilities that provide basic EmOC services, since many problems can be resolved at the most basic level. Health policy makers and planners need to take immediate, appropriate rectifying measures to, inter alia, improve staffing in rural areas, enhance staff skills through training, upgrade management and supervision, ensure medical supply availability, mandate proper record-keeping, and observe progress by monitoring process indicators regularly.

  6. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  7. REGIONAL TOURISM COOPERATION IN TRIANGLE ZONE OF LIAONING PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LONG Jiang-zhi

    2005-01-01

    Strengthening the regional tourism cooperation is the requirement of both tourism development and tourist competition drive. On the one hand, resources, products, market and infrastructure in tourism are characteristics of half-public goods, which are the externalities. On the other hand, tourism competition has evolved from individual scenic spot, or firm competition to regional competition, which also requires urgent regional tourism cooperation. In recent years, the regional economic cooperation has been becoming popular in the world. The triangle tourism zone of Liaoning Province, constituted by Shenyang, Dalian and Dandong, is the core region of Liaoning tourism system. This regional tourism cooperation has been raised for a long time, but has not made substantial progress as yet. In recent years, the strategic cooperation among them has been becoming urgent, along with the change of tourism competition models, as well as the desire for building a Northeast Asia tourist economy circle. Based on literature, this paper establishes a conceptual frame of regional tourism cooperation and applies it in the analysis of the strategic tourism cooperation of Liaoning Province's golden triangle zone. This paper firstly examines both qualifications and motives concerning with cooperation among the three cities, and believes that the biggest difficulties involve traditional ideas, administrative institutions, communications, economic performances, time constraints, and more overlap among their tourist markets. Then this paper continues to construct a cooperating mechanism, including participant arrangements, construction of operating mechanism and construction of assisting mechanism. At last, this paper proposes approaches to the strategic cooperation such as introducing Xiuyan County, strategic integration and developing differentiated and complemented tourism products.

  8. First report of Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in peafowls in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Yi-Ming

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite infecting almost all warm-blooded animals, including birds, with a worldwide distribution. Surveys of T. gondii infection in wild birds have been reported extensively in the world, but little is known of T. gondii infection in peafowls worldwide. This study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in peafowls in Yunnan Province, southwestern China. Methods Sera from 277 peafowls, including 272 blue peafowls (Pavo cristatus and 5 green peafowls (Pavo muticus originated from two geographic areas in Yunnan Province were assayed for T. gondii antibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT. Results Specific T. gondii antibodies were detected in 35 of 277 (12.64% peafowls (MAT titer ≥ 1:5. Seropositive birds were found in both species, 33 in 272 blue peafowls and 2 in 5 green peafowls. There was no significant difference in T. gondii seroprevalence between the adolescent birds (6.74% and the adult birds (6.67% (P > 0.05. The geographical origins of peafowls was found to be highly associated with T. gondii infection in the present study, a statistically significant difference in T. gondii seropositivity was observed between peafowls from Kunming (31.08% and those from Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture (5.91% (OR = 10.956, 95% CI = 1.632-73.545, P = 0.014. Statistical analyses showed that there were no significant interactions between ages and geographical origins of peafowls (P > 0.05. Conclusions The results of the present survey indicated that infection of peafowls with T. gondii is widespread in Yunnan Province, which has significant public health concerns and implications for prevention and control of toxoplamosis in this province. To our knowledge, this is the first seroprevalence report of T. gondii infection in China’s southwestern Yunnan Province.

  9. RESOURCES AND STRUCTURE OF USE THE EARTH’S SURFACE AND SOILS IN THE PODKARPACKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janina Kaniuczak

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Use the resources and structure of the soil has been studied in Podkarpackie province in the years 1946-2005, divided into three periods of time due to administrative changes in the country and the region (I: 1946-1970, II: 1975-1995, III: 2000-2005. The three time periods studied decreased share of agricultural land and arable land in the general area of the province. In the years 2000-2005 has increased significantly the share of forests and other lands, at the expense of the exclusion of the arable lands and grasslands in agricultural production, which turned into fallow and uncultivated land. The farms 32.7% of arable lands was excluded from the cultivation and has evolved into a fallow and uncultivated land. The holdings of the public sector, this situation was even more unfavorable as it was, and took 86.1% of arable lands for fallow and outfield. During the study period, the structure of individual crops sown undergone substantial changes in the direction of simplification cereal monoculture. The soils of Podkarpackie province are acidic and urgently require liming treatment. Unfavorably was presented a richness soils of available forms macronutrients (P and K in Podkarpackie province, especially in available phosphorus, which was the result of limitations of organic fertilization and low consumption of mineral fertilizers. Over 90% of agricultural soils of Podkarpackie province exhibits natural content of metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn. The aim of the study was to analyze the structure of the Earth's land use and soils, taking into account the structure of crops and some elements of soil fertility and degradation in the context of a slowdown adverse changes.

  10. Public health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, van den A.E.

    2007-01-01

    Agnes van den Berg wrote an essay about human health and nature, establishing that subject as an important policy argument in developing (urban) nature in the Netherlands. She studied the public balance of fear and fascination for nature, summarising benefits on human health. In this chapter, she ad

  11. Public Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snow, C. P.

    In this book effects of technological developments on world conditions are discussed on the basis of the author's public statements made between 1959-70. A total of seven pieces is presented under the headings: The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution, The Two Cultures: A Second Look, The Case of Leavis and the Serious Case, Science and…

  12. Public health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, van den A.E.

    2007-01-01

    Agnes van den Berg wrote an essay about human health and nature, establishing that subject as an important policy argument in developing (urban) nature in the Netherlands. She studied the public balance of fear and fascination for nature, summarising benefits on human health. In this chapter, she

  13. Publication Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Roy Paul

    This book is designed to solve the problem of coordinating art and typography with content in publications. Through text and illustrations, this book suggests ways to make pages and spreads in magazines, newspapers, and books attractive and readable. As a book of techniques, it is directed at potential and practicing art directors, designers, and…

  14. Publication Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Roy Paul

    This book is designed to solve the problem of coordinating art and typography with content in publications. Through text and illustrations, this book suggests ways to make pages and spreads in magazines, newspapers, and books attractive and readable. As a book of techniques, it is directed at potential and practicing art directors, designers, and…

  15. Recommendations and Countermeasures for Building Beautiful Countryside in Jiangsu Province in the New Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongxiang; GUAN; Yonghong; LIANG; Hao; WU; Zichen; WANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced overall condition of agricultural and rural economic development in Jiangsu Province,and analyzed restrictive factors and bottleneck in the process of new socialist countryside construction from policy,fund and understanding. There are many problems in the process of new socialist countryside construction,including no supply and management system for rural public service products,no agricultural ecological compensation mechanism,increasingly prominent rural hollowing and decline of passing on economic culture,lack of funds and technologies for new socialist countryside construction,and inadequate understanding of new socialist countryside construction. In line with these problems,it came up with recommendations and countermeasures for beautiful countryside construction in Jiangsu Province in the new period from government guidance,plan leading,industrial support,environmental improvement,innovation management and cultural cultivation.

  16. Cryptosporidiosis in broiler chickens in Zhejiang Province, China: molecular characterization of oocysts detected in fecal samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Lengmei

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cryptosporidium is one of the most important parasites in poultry, and this pathogen can infect more than 30 avian species. The present study investigated the infection rate of Cryptosporidium among broiler chicken flocks. A total of 385 fecal samples from broiler chickens in 7 regions of Zhejiang Province collected from November 2010 to January 2012 were examined by microscopy. Thirty-eight (10% samples were positive for Cryptosporidium infection, and 3 genotypes (Cryptosporidium baileyi, Cryptosporidium meleagridis, and avian genotype II were identified by PCR and sequencing. A phylogenetic tree of the isolates was analyzed. These results suggest that cryptosporidiosis is widespread in poultry in Zhejiang Province, and is a potential threat to public health as well as the economy. This is the first report about the infection rate and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium in broiler chickens in Zhejiang.

  17. [Characteristics of the medical workforce in the Province of Cabinda, Angola].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Miguel Dos Santos de; Artmann, Elizabeth

    2009-03-01

    This article presents the results of a study on the public health system's medical workforce in the Province of Cabinda, Angola. The objective was to study the characteristics of medical personnel, seeking to help define strategies to expand access and improve quality of care. The study covered the period from 2001 to 2004 and used secondary data, semi-structured interviews with health professionals, direct observation, and comparison with the literature. Quality of medical care in Cabinda was low, with one physician per 3,356 inhabitants. There were communities with more than 35,000 inhabitants and not a single physician. Working conditions were poor, and physicians suffered from low motivation. The study concluded that formulation and implementation of policies envisioning improvements in the management of medical professionals in the sector could help enhance the quality of care in the Province, but it would require involvement by relevant actors and additional research on the other health professions.

  18. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in Guangdong Province, Southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Juan; Lin, Xuhui; Zhang, Longxian; Qi, Nanshan; Liao, Shenquan; Lv, Minna; Wu, Caiyan; Sun, Mingfei

    2015-06-01

    To investigate the prevalence and assess the zoonotic transmission burden of Cryptosporidium species in domestic pigeons in Guangdong Province, Southern China, 244 fecal samples were collected from four pigeon breeding farms between June 2012 and March 2013. Cryptosporidium oocysts were purified by Sheather's sugar flotation technique and characterized by DNA sequencing of small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene. Cryptosporidium species were determined by comparison of sequences with corresponding Cryptosporidium sequences in GenBank and phylogenetic analysis using neighbor-joining (NJ) in MEGA5.2. The overall prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in domestic pigeons in Guangdong Province was 0.82% (2/244). Two Cryptosporidium species, namely Cryptosporidium baileyi and Cryptosporidium meleagridis, were identified in Huizhou and Chaozhou farm, respectively. These findings confirmed the existence of C. meleagridis infection in domestic pigeons in China for the first time and provided base-line information for further studies to evaluate the public health risk from pigeon to human.

  19. Land revenues, schools and literacy: a historical examination of public and private funding of education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, Latika

    2010-01-01

    Despite the centralised nature of the fiscal system in colonial India, public education expenditures varied dramatically across regions with the western and southern provinces spending three to four times as much as the eastern provinces. A significant portion of the inter-regional difference was due to historical differences in land taxes, an important source of provincial revenues in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The large differences in public spending, however, did not produce comparable differences in enrollment rates or literacy in the colonial period. Nonetheless, public investments influenced the direction of school development and perhaps the long run trajectory of rural literacy.

  20. Application of VPN Technique in the Construction of Public Health Information System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Data communication and sharing of five level network of Public Health Information System, i.e. nation, province, district (city), county, and town, as far as to the countryside level were described, and how to apply the three solutions, i. e. Access VPN, Intranet VPN, and Extranet VPN of VPN technique to achieve the appropriation of the public network was also presented.

  1. The Incidence of Public Spending on Healthcare: Comparative Evidence from Asia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O.A. O'Donnell (Owen); E.K.A. van Doorslaer (Eddy); R.P. Rannan-Eliya (Ravi)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThe article compares the incidence of public healthcare across 11 Asian countries and provinces, testing the dominance of healthcare concentration curves against an equal distribution and Lorenz curves and across countries. The analysis reveals that the distribution of public healthcare

  2. Application of VPN technique in the construction of public health information system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xianming; Deng, Yongzhi; Lu, Zhuxun; Li, Shukai; Wang, Guoping; Lu, Suqin

    2005-01-01

    Data communication and sharing of five level network of Public Health Information System, i.e. nation, province, district (city), county, and town, as far as to the countryside level were described, and how to apply the three solutions, i.e. Access VPN, Intranet VPN, and Extranet VPN of VPN technique to achieve the appropriation of the public network was also presented.

  3. The Incidence of Public Spending on Healthcare: Comparative Evidence from Asia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O.A. O'Donnell (Owen); E.K.A. van Doorslaer (Eddy); R.P. Rannan-Eliya (Ravi)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThe article compares the incidence of public healthcare across 11 Asian countries and provinces, testing the dominance of healthcare concentration curves against an equal distribution and Lorenz curves and across countries. The analysis reveals that the distribution of public healthcare

  4. Intervention Measures in Conflict Management in Boarding Secondary Schools in Western Province, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Injendi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of intervention measures in conflict management is an important element of peaceful running of a secondary school. It assists individuals and groups in better understanding and dealing with conflict as it arises in all aspects of their lives. The purpose of this study was to explore the intervention measures in conflict management in boarding secondary schools in Western Province, Kenya. The descriptive survey research design was used. The population of the study comprised 1602 teachers in 89 public boarding secondary schools in Western Province, Kenya. The respondents comprised teachers in public boarding secondary schools in Western Province. Stratified random sampling was used to select a sample of schools, deputy headteachers and teachers from schools in Western Province. The population was divided into homogeneous subgroups and a simple random sampling in each subgroup was done. Data was collected by use of questionnaires, document analysis and interviews. In order to ascertain content and face validity, the questionnaires and interview schedules were given to experts who matched all the items with the research questions to ascertain whether the instrument actually measured all that it was supposed to measure. The reliability of the instruments was determined through the test retest reliability of the instruments. Data was analyzed by the use of descriptive statistics of frequencies and percentage. Data from in-depth interviews were audio taped and transcribed. The findings showed that …….. the concept of “conflict management” refers to an act and also a process of resolving disputes between two or more parties with the view of coming to a resolution. The significance of the study findings were: to provide greater insight to the administrators of secondary schools on the intervention measures in conflict management in boarding secondary schools. Furthermore, the findings of the study may help education policy makers

  5. JPRS Report, China, Work Reports: Northeast Provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    cultural market . [passage omitted] county and township People’s Congresses throughout the province. By conscientiously performing functions and III...nationalities," thus promoting the work concerning cultural market by deeply waging the antipornography minority nationalities. We actively promoted the...pornography" or enhance the mechanism of having leading personnel thoroughly, and further purify the cultural market . be responsible for the family planning

  6. US Local Government Delegation Visits Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan; You

    2015-01-01

    A 12-member US Local Government Delegationled by Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch visited Sichuan Province December 11-13 at the invitation of the CPAFFC.Consisting of lieutenant governors,state legislators,mayors,government officials of cities and counties from eight states—Wisconsin,Washington,New York,Colorado,Illinois,Tennessee,Kansas and Missouri—the delegation was organized by the China-United States Exchange Foundation(CUSEF).Established in Hong Kong in 2008

  7. A Glance at Bohai Bay Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shoubai

    1995-01-01

    @@ Chinese oil industry keeps on developing in 1994. The oil production of Bohai Bay Oil Province located in East China also keeps on growing. Geologically,the total area of Bohai Bay Basin is about 200 000 km2 and the main structural units are: Liaohe Depression, Huanghua Depression,Jizhong Depression, Linqing Depression, Jiyang Depression, Changwei Depression, Bozhong Depression,Chengning Uplift and Cangjing Uplift (see figure 1). Area of the main structural units is listed in following:

  8. Curie surface of Borborema Province, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Raphael T.; Vidotti, Roberta M.; Oksum, Erdinc

    2016-06-01

    The Curie surface interpreted from magnetic data through spatial frequency domain techniques is used to provide information on the thermal structure of Borborema Province. The Borborema Province is part of the neoproterozoic collision of an orogenic system situated between the São Francisco-Congo and São Luís-West Africa cratons, which formed the Gondwana Supercontinent. The Curie surface of Borborema Province varies from 18 to 59 km, which reveals the complexity in the crustal composition of the study area. The thermal structure shows different crustal blocks separated by the main shear zones, which corroborates the evolution model of allochthonous terranes. The Curie surface signature for the west portion of Pernambuco Shear Zone may indicate processes of mantle serpentinization, once the Curie isotherm is deeper than Mohorovic discontinuity. In this region, the amplitude of Bouguer anomaly decreases, which corroborates long wavelength anomaly observed in the magnetic anomaly. We interpreted this pattern as evidence of the Brasiliano-Pan-Africano's subduction/collision event. Earthquakes in the region are concentrated mainly in shallow Curie surface regions (less resistant crust) and in transition zones between warm and cold blocks. We calculated the horizontal gradient of the Curie depth to emphasize the signature of contact between the thermal blocks. These regions mark possible crustal discontinuities, and have high correlation with orogenic gold occurrence in the study area.

  9. Rodent consumption in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwannarong, Kanokwan; Chapman, Robert S

    2014-09-01

    Rodents are important reservoirs of rodent-borne infections worldwide, including Southeast Asia and Northeast Thailand (Isaan), where rodent consumption may be a source of rodent-borne diseases. The behavior of consuming rodents is related to a population's traditions, knowledge, cultural, and household contexts, among other factors. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand during November-December 2011. It aimed to elicit information about rodent consumption among residents of this province, and to identify factors associated with rodent consumption there. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that male gender, large family size, and use of rainwater as the main source of drinking water were positively associated with reported rodent consumption in this province, while having proper knowledge/attitudes towards animal-borne disease was negatively associated. These results provide evidence-base information for further studies, such as participatory ac- tion research, to further explore how people interact with rodents in different contexts. Further research is also needed to characterize risk of zoonotic diseases in relation to rodent consumption.

  10. Research on Public Security System in Small Cities and Towns Based on Fishbone Diagram and Principal Component Analysis---A Case Study of Binxian County in Heilongjiang Province%基于鱼骨图和主成分法的小城镇公共安全体系研究--以黑龙江宾县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙明; 王绍玉

    2015-01-01

    Environmental carrying capacity index are introduced into evaluation system of public safety in small towns based on fishbone diagram.By using Principal Component Analysis ( PCA) and with the help of SPSS ( Statistical Program for Social Sciences) software, carrying capacities for public security environment of 17 villages in Binxian County are evaluated.Factors affecting the bearing capacity of public security environment are found out, and the comprehensive evaluation value of the capacity in each village is calculated to get a sorting of the bear-ing capacities of different villages.The result shows that there are big differences among the bearing capacities;bearing factors of infrastructure and land affect the bearing capacities most;increasing investment into public safety and ecological infrastructure, and using idle land effectively could better improve the bearing capacity for public se-curity in cities and towns.%基于鱼骨图法,引入环境承载力指标构建小城镇公共安全评价体系。采用主成分法(PCA),结合统计软件SPSS对宾县17个乡镇的公共安全环境承载能力进行评价,找出影响公共安全环境承载能力的重要因子,计算出各乡镇公共安全承载能力的综合评价值,得到不同乡镇的公共安全承载能力排序。结果表明:各乡镇公共安全承载能力差异较大,且基础设施承载因子和土地承载因子是影响乡镇公共安全承载能力最重要的因子,加大公共安全和生态基础设施的投入、有效利用闲置土地,可以较好地提高城镇公共安全承载能力。

  11. Public Sociology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    What is the role of sociology in society? How can - and should - sociology contribute with insights relevant and useful to the outside world? Is sociology attuned to accommodate the demands of the wider public and of surrounding society? Who benefits from the knowledge produced and provided...... by sociology? What are the social implications and cultural effects of the knowledge sociology provides and creates? All of these questions, and many others, concern and centre on sociology's relationship to the surrounding society, in short to the ‘public'. All of these questions - and many others...... - will be addressed in this book.   Sociology, as the self-proclaimed ‘the science of society', finds itself in an exceptional position within the scientific community in that it studies a universe it itself is part and parcel of. This means that sociology and sociologists are inextricably connected and linked...

  12. Scientific publication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getulio Teixeira Batista

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The necessary work for developing a scientific publication is sometimes underestimated and requires the effective participation of many players to obtain a result in good standard. Initially it depends upon the determination of the authors that decide to write the scientific article. Scientific writing is a very challenging and time consuming task, but at the same time essential for any scientist. A published scientific article is unquestionably one of the main indicators of scientific production, especially if published in a qualified scientific journal with highly qualified editorial committee and strict peer review procedure. By looking at evaluation criteria for scientific production of the several Thematic Scientific Committees of the Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq it becomes clear publications in scientific journals that has certified quality is the most important item in the evaluation of a scientist production.

  13. Public opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, A

    2013-04-01

    This opinion-based article aims to highlight the worrying decline in support for dental public health as a specialty. Not only is this specialty important for its role in commissioning services, it is crucial for the identification of vulnerable groups in society and ensuring dental services are acceptable and assessable for these populations. Dental public health also addresses the social determinants of health in its approach, acknowledging the impact of these in perpetuating inequalities and looking for multisectoral approaches to their management. This article also looks at the lack of appreciation for these determinants in dental foundation training and how a change in the structure of the programme could both address this and the current shortage of places.

  14. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    MARS PENSIONS CONTRACT POLICY GENERAL INFORMATION   PUBLIC MEETINGS COME AND BE INFORMED! Public meetings Monday 15 Oct. 2 pm Amphi IT, 31-3-004 Meyrin Wednesday 17 Oct. 10 am Amphi BE, 864-1-D02 Prévessin Thursday 18 Oct. 10 am Salle du Conseil/ Council Chamber 503-1-001 Meyrin Thursday 18 Oct. 2 pm Filtration Plant, 222-R-001(in English) Meyrin   Overview of the topics to be discussed Recognition of Merit – MARS Outcome of last exercise 2007 to 2012 : lessons learned Pension Fund Capital preservation policy : what is it ? Contract policy LC2IC statistics SA proposal General information CVI 2013 Voluntary programmes (PRP, SLS)  

  15. How Public Is Public Administration? A Constitutional Approach of Publicness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringeling, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Both in Public Administration and in practice, there is a loss of the concept of public. A view became dominant in which markets were superior to governments and public to private. Not only did the esteem of the public sphere diminish, but also its significance in our reasoning and teaching. It became less clear what the public sphere stood for.…

  16. How Public Is Public Administration? A Constitutional Approach of Publicness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringeling, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Both in Public Administration and in practice, there is a loss of the concept of public. A view became dominant in which markets were superior to governments and public to private. Not only did the esteem of the public sphere diminish, but also its significance in our reasoning and teaching. It became less clear what the public sphere stood for.…

  17. Empirical Analysis of the Vegetable Industry in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We first introduce the status quo of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province,and then conduct empirical analysis of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province.Further,we analyze the development advantage of the vegetable industry in Hebei Province using SAI(Scale Advantage Indices) and SCA(Symmetric Comparative Advantage),drawing the conclusion that the vegetable industry in Hebei Province has much room for development;at the same time,we analyze the factors influencing vegetable consumption of residents in Hebei Province through the regression model,drawing the conclusion that the vegetable consumer price index is the main factor affecting the consumption.Finally we make recommendations for the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province as follows:increasing financial input,promoting policy guarantee capacity;implementing brand strategy,promoting the competitiveness of products;improving the ecological environment,promoting industrialization of pollution-free vegetables.

  18. Managing Public Accountability : How Public Managers Manage Public Accountability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schillemans, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Accountability is of growing importance in contemporary governance. The academic literature on public accountability is fraught with concerned analyses, suggesting that accountability is a problematic issue for public managers. This article investigates how public managers experience accountability

  19. Libraries as a means for the integration of immigrant populations in Ávila province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Jesús Romera Iruela

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Public libraries can be considered as suitable agents and places for the integration of immigrant population. Therefore, services and programs should be developed in order to give an adequate answer to their needs. This article provides some research findings for the information needs of immigrants at Ávila province. These needs are detected from three different perspectives: public libraries, educational centers, and immigrant associations. The data were collected, using ad-hoc questionnaires, in the districts and municipalities with largest immigrant presence. Several intercultural actions directed to the integration of this population are suggested in this research. Thus, amongst others, the need of a Web site with thematic information on the design of cooperative programs on intercultural education between public libraries and scholar libraries, involving both parents of immigrant students and immigrants associations

  20. Analysis of primary education in the province of Badajoz during the nineteenth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa FRAILE PRIETO

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The nineteenth century was a crucial moment for the development of primary education in the Spanish State. Public education becomes stable alongside the political and social vicissitudes of the country, establishing a solid foundation that is essential to understand the current organizational structures, as well as some of their burdens. From the data collected in previous publications, this research develops information relating to the province of Badajoz from 1957 to 1900, as a particular case study to present an overview of what was the primary education in the XIX century. Starting on these data, we can draw some conclusions about the demographic and socio-political distribution of public elementary schools at this turning point for the Spanish education.

  1. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      MARS 2015 FIVE YEARLY REVIEW CONTRACT POLICY PENSION FUND GENERAL INFORMATION   COME AND BE INFORMED! PUBLIC MEETINGS Friday 3rd October at 10 am Amphi BE, 864-1-D02 Prévessin Friday 3rd October at 2 pm Salle du Conseil / Council Chamber, 503-1-001 (in English) Meyrin Monday 6th October at 10 am Kjell Johnsen Auditorium, 30-7-018 Meyrin Monday 6th October at 2 pm Salle du Conseil / Council Chamber, 503-1-001 Meyrin  

  2. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      Public meetings : Come and talk about your future employment conditions !   The Staff Association will come and present the results of our survey on the 2015 five-yearly review. Following the survey, the topics discussed, will be contract policy, recognition of merit (MARS), working time arrangements and family policy. After each meeting and around a cup of coffee or tea you will be able to continue the discussions. Do not hesitate to join us, the five-yearly review, it is with YOU!

  3. Study on Sustainable Development Capability of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Ziping; Luo Qishan; Wang Yanchun; Deng Hongbing; Zhao Jingzhu

    2005-01-01

    Based on the indicator system of Sustainable Development ( SD ), Shandong Province was selected as an example for assessment with AHP method and the standard year was 1978. The conclusion was that Shandong Province' s ability of SD was being strengthened step by step, and there were also some restrictive factors, and according to the basic conditions of Shandong Province, countermeasures and strategy of SD were put forward.

  4. CBERS-2B Monitored Forest Fires In Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rain.L

    2008-01-01

    @@ Several forest fires hit Yunnan Province,in the southwest of China from April 6 to 9.Two disastrous fires happened near Shangri-La County,Yunnan Province.According to the requirement of the Land and Surveying Department of Yunnan Province,the China Center for Resources Satellite Data & Application (CRESDA) provided satellite monitoring images to detect the events.The processed CBERS-2B images were delivered to the related departments for decision making and disaster relief.

  5. 中外突发公共危机应急处置比较研究——以山西王家岭矿难和英国石油公司墨西哥湾漏油事件为例%The Comparative Study in Handling Emergent Public Crises in China and Other Countries——Taking the Mining Accident of Wangjialing Coalmine in Shanxi Province and the Oil Leak Crisis of British Petroleum Company in the Gulf of Mexico as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    随付国; 陈炳; 赵磊磊

    2011-01-01

    The public crisis management system is the hard core of the government public organization system.For a society and a government facing crisis,the most important strategic choice should be establishing a set of excellent public crisis management and emergency mechanism so as to unceasingly enhancing the crisis management and the ability of emergency management of the government as well as the entire society.This article takes the mining accident crisis of Wangjialing coalmine in Shanxi Province and the oil leak crisis of British Petroleum Company in the Gulf of Mexico as examples.Through the contrastive analysis of these two cases and based on establishing emergency handling measure of public crisis management it is aimed to discover the differences and reasons between crisis managements of both countries in order to put forward the proposals in promoting the public crisis management ability for the government from four aspects,including establishing emergency early warning mechanism with quick reaction capability,emergency direction platform under unified command,specialized emergency processing troop and conducting authority emergency investigation and assessment.%公共危机管理体系是政府公共组织系统的核心部分。对于一个社会和政府而言,面对各种危机,最重要战略选择应该是建立一套比较完善的公共危机管理和应急机制,并在此基础上不断增强政府以及整个社会的危机管理和应急处理能力。本文以山西王家岭矿难和英国石油公司墨西哥湾漏油事件为例,通过对两个案例的对比分析,从公共危机管理中的建立应急处置措施的角度出发,寻找两国公共危机管理的差距及原因,并从建立具有快速反应能力的应急预警机制、建立统一指挥的应急指挥平台、组建专业的应急处理队伍、开展权威的应急调查和评估等方面,为政府提升公共危机管理和应对能力提出建议。

  6. A public world without public relations?

    OpenAIRE

    Nayden, Nikolay

    2015-01-01

    The term "public relations" (PR) has long gained currency as meaning the practice of producing a positive public image. This article argues that public relations should be released from the prison of "PR" and, instead, reconceptualised as relations which define the public realm much as economic relations define the economy. From this point of view, three main levels of public relations can be distinguished: (1) relations between public institutions, (2) relations between citizens and public i...

  7. A public world without public relations?:

    OpenAIRE

    Nayden, Nikolay

    2009-01-01

    The term "public relations" (PR) has long gained currency as meaning the practice of producing a positive public image. This article argues that public relations should be released from the prison of "PR" and, instead, reconceptualised as relations which define the public realm much as economic relations define the economy. From this point of view, three main levels of public relations can be distinguished: (1) relations between public institutions, (2) relations between citizens and public i...

  8. Assessing Hospital Disaster Preparedness of Bushehr province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakimeh Vahedparast

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: In disasters, large number of causalities rash into the hospitals in order to get health facilities. So, hospitals are the reference point for delivering the health services in all levels for helping to the most percent of injured people. Aim of study was to assess hospital disaster preparedness of Bushehr province. Maretial and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study which has been done in all Bushehr province hospitals. In order to collect data, we used 210 questions checklist with 10 different aims each aim had consisted of 6 different domains (equipment, working stuff, physical space, structure, protocols and functional chart. The checklists were completed by direct observation and evaluation of equipment, programs and documents based on their domains with different people. Results: The hospital preparedness in traffic base was very poor with mean number of 19/04±16/10 evaluation of security education and management domain with mean number 35/29±26/52, 38/65±19/46, 36/36±24/05, respectively were poor. In logistics, workforce, communications, excused transportation and addition to the hospitals with the mean number of 53/26±26/31, 49/65±27/61, 45/53±18/29, 43/33±19/72, and 40/47±20/37 were estimated as average. The most number was belonged to the emergency with the mean number of 53/80±19/18. Conclusion: The Bushehr province hospitals have not enough preparation against unexpected disasters and cannot be a good supporter for disaster happening, and in the occasions of happenings so many serious problems will occur. It will be suggested that the hospital managers should pay more attention to the unexpected disasters.

  9. Prenatal Care Services in Aydin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal BESER

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of prenatal care in Aydin province. It was a cross-sectional study. 195 women (pregnant/women at postpartum period living in the Aydin province participated in the study. Cluster and simple random sampling method was used in the selection of women from 10 health centers (one rural-one urban health station each. Data obtained by face to face interview technique. Turkey Demografic Health Survey criteria were used for evaluation of the quantity of prenatal care as “sufficient” or “insufficient” and quality of prenatal care was scored as “1-2”(bad, “3-4”(moderate and “5-6”(good. Chi-square, Mann Whitney-U and t tests were used for analysis. One fifth of each pregnant women who were in last trimester and 11.3% of women in postpartum period stated that they were not followed up by an health personnel during pregnancy. One third of pregnant women who were in last trimester and 58.5% of women in postpartum period said they weren’t visited by an health personnel in the first trimester. Besides, quality points of prenatal care were found low, both in pregnant women and women in post partum period. It was found that living in urban areas, high education level and presence of social security effected getting adequate prenatal care. The quality and quantity of prenatal care was found less than expected in Aydin province which is located in the western region of Turkey. It is necessary that, health personnel must be more sensitive to convey “adequate” prenatal care especially women who are living in rural areas, who have low educational level and who have no social security. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(2.000: 137-141

  10. Prenatal Care Services in Aydin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal BESER

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of prenatal care in Aydin province. It was a cross-sectional study. 195 women (pregnant/women at postpartum period living in the Aydin province participated in the study. Cluster and simple random sampling method was used in the selection of women from 10 health centers (one rural-one urban health station each. Data obtained by face to face interview technique. Turkey Demografic Health Survey criteria were used for evaluation of the quantity of prenatal care as “sufficient” or “insufficient” and quality of prenatal care was scored as “1-2”(bad, “3-4”(moderate and “5-6”(good. Chi-square, Mann Whitney-U and t tests were used for analysis. One fifth of each pregnant women who were in last trimester and 11.3% of women in postpartum period stated that they were not followed up by an health personnel during pregnancy. One third of pregnant women who were in last trimester and 58.5% of women in postpartum period said they weren’t visited by an health personnel in the first trimester. Besides, quality points of prenatal care were found low, both in pregnant women and women in post partum period. It was found that living in urban areas, high education level and presence of social security effected getting adequate prenatal care. The quality and quantity of prenatal care was found less than expected in Aydin province which is located in the western region of Turkey. It is necessary that, health personnel must be more sensitive to convey “adequate” prenatal care especially women who are living in rural areas, who have low educational level and who have no social security. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(2: 137-141

  11. 公共文化发展的社会推动力研究——以浙东南地区为例%On Social Impetus of Public Culture Development——Base on the Area of Southeastern in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟令国; 高飞

    2012-01-01

    Owing to the economical level and cultural system,the investors are so few that the funds of cultural undertakings are insufficient.So the development of public culture needs more attention and more participants.Enterprise,social organizations and civil privates are the main participants.Their intrinsic motivations are social responsibility,personal interests and needs,and other's demands.The extrinsic motivations are cultural policies,potential profits and atmosphere.We must improve cultural policies,cultivate social art organizations and promote public cultural consciousness to attract social power participating on cultural undertakings.%囿于经济发展水平及文化体制因素,我国文化事业的投入总量不足,投入主体较少,亟需社会力量的介入。当前参与文化事业建设的社会力量主体为企业、社会文艺组织和公民个体。他们在社会责任感、兴趣爱好、个体文化需求、受他人请托等内驱力以及文化政策引导、潜在利益吸引、文化氛围影响及优秀典型示范等外推力的影响下,积极参与文化事业发展,并取得了良好的经济、社会效益。要进一步引导社会力量对文化事业的参与,需要不断完善相关政策机制、培育社会文艺组织以及提升民众的文化自觉。

  12. Colorectal cancer trends in Kerman province, the largest province in Iran, with forecasting until 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roya, Nikbakht; Abbas, Bahrampour

    2013-01-01

    Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers. The aim of this study is determination its trends in Kerman province and individual cities separately until year 2016. This analytical and modeling study was based of cancer registry data of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, collected during 2001-2010. Among 20,351 cancer case, 792 were colorectal cancer cases in age group 18-93 years with a mean of 59.4 and standard deviation of 15.1. By applying time series and data trends, incidences were predicted until 2016 for the province and each city, with adjustment for population size. In colorectal cases, 413 (52%) were male, and 379 (48%) were female. The annual increasing rate in Kerman province overall was and can be expected to be 6%, and in the cities of the province Rafsanjan, Bardsir, Bam, Kerman, Baft, Sirjan, Jiroft, Kahnuj and Manujan had an increasing range from 5 to 14% by the year 2016. But in Ravar, Zarand and Shahrbabak reduction in rates of at least 2% could be predicted. The time series showed that the trend of colorectal cancer in female will increase 15% and in male 7% by year 2016. Given the trend of this cancer is increasing so that resources will be consumed in the treatment of the patients, efforts shoudlbe focused on prevention and early diagnosis of the disease. Screening could have an important role leading to improved survival.

  13. Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gases Emission form Canned Fish Production in Iran a Case Study: Khuzestan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas Asakereh; Asadalah Akram; Shahin Rafiee; Afshin Marzban

    2010-01-01

    Energy is a fundamental ingredient in the process of economic development, as it provides essential services that maintain economic activity and the quality of human life but intensive use of it causes problems threatening public health and environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate energy consumption and greenhouse gases emission from canned fish production in the Khuzestan province, Iran, to determine the losing energy factors and pollutant emission. In this research, canneries, con...

  14. Evaluation and cost analysis of national health policy of thalassaemia screening in west-azerbaijan province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Ahmadnezhad

    2012-01-01

    Conclusions: The prevention program of Thalassaemia including a premarital and pre-natal screening in west Azerbaijan province is demonstrated to be cost-effective. Taking some actions in order to increase the coverage of pre-marital screening, providing pre-natal diagnosis in private and public sector, complete insurance coverage for the high-risk couples to perform the investigations more easily, were recommended.

  15. Effects of an injury and illness prevention program on occupational safety behaviors among rice farmers in Nakhon Nayok Province, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Santaweesuk S; Chapman RS; Siriwong W

    2014-01-01

    Sapsatree Santaweesuk,1,2 Robert S Chapman,1 Wattasit Siriwong1,3 1College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Srinakarinwirot University Ongkharak Campus, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand; 3Thai Fogarty ITREOH Center, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of an Injury and Illness Prevention (IIP) program intervention on occupational safety behavior among rice farmers in Nakhon Nayok province,...

  16. E-Procurement System Technology: An Analysis in Electronic Procurement Service Unit (LPSE) of Kepulauan Riau Province

    OpenAIRE

    Rendra Setyadiharja; Shahril Budiman; Zamzami A Karim; Raja Abumanshur Matridi; Junriana Junriana; Ferizone Ferizone; Achmad Nurmandi

    2014-01-01

    The practice of corruption always exist in public goods and service procurement in Indonesia. The Government efforts in reducing this case are doing new breakthrough like creating new system of service and goods procurement in an electronic way, usually called E-Procurement. After being instructed by Presidential Regulation number 54, year of 2010, the Local Government must use the E-Procurement System in the process of goods and service procurement, including Kepulauan Riau Province. This Re...

  17. Prevalence and Determinants of Under-Nutrition Among Children Under Six: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Fars Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Elham Kavosi; Zahra Hassanzadeh Rostami; Zahra Kavosi; Aliasghar Nasihatkon; Mohsen Moghadami; Mohammadreza Heidari

    2014-01-01

    Background Childhood malnutrition as a major public health problem among children in developing countries can affect physical and intellectual growth and is also considered as a main cause of child morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of under-nutrition and identify determinants of malnutrition among children under 6 years of age in Fars province, Iran. Methods This survey was conducted by house to house visit through multi-stag...

  18. Evaluation of diseases survelliance studies after flood disaster in Batman province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deniz Akgün

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the contagious diseases surveillance studies after the flood disaster between 31.10.2006 and 02.11.2006 in Batman province. After flood disaster, there had been taken some measures about water sanitation, immunization and organization of the health services and the public education issues.Super chlorination procedure had been applied to drinking water in the city center. The free chlorine levels of 890 water specimens from different areas of the province had been measured and the results were between 0.3 to 0.8 ppm. A random 359 specimens were tested biologically and chemically and they have been found eligible to use. Health units of the municipality had been provided with adequate tetanus vaccine in order to inoculate the persons who had been wounded. Children without adequate childhood vaccinations and immunizations were encouraged to complete their vaccinations in the closest dispensaries. A structural questionnaire had been applied with the aim of collecting data about potential contagious diseases in the area. For the following two weeks after the disaster, 0.6 % of the residents were observed to have gastroenteritis. However, the EPI Curve of the gastroenteritis cases do not show a potential epidemic in the province. Active surveillance system which applies by visiting households is important for taking essential preventive measures; besides, early detecting of potential contagious diseases.

  19. Characterization of Salmonella Enterica Serotype Typhimurium from Outpatients of 28 Hospitals in Henan Province in 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MIN ZHU; ZHI-QIANG XIE; LI-SHI ZHANG; SHENG-LI XIA; WEI-ZHONG YANG; LU RAN; ZI-JUN WANG

    2009-01-01

    Objective To characterize the diarrheal patients with Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) infections and to set up the first baseline for 5. typhimurium pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns in Henan province, thus laying a foundation for comprehensive surveillance of Salmonella in human as well as foods. Methods S. typhimurium isolates recovered from outpatients with diarrhea in Henan province from May to October of 2006 were characterized. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests of 8 antimicrobial agents and PFGE were carried out to analyze the 5. typhimurium isolates. Results Twenty-four (0.9%) S. typhimurium isolates were identified from 2661 stool specimens of diarrheal cases. Eighty-eight percent of isolates showed resistance to at least one antimicrobial agent. The resistance to chloramphenicol (79%) was most common. Fifty-eight percent of isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin. All the 14 ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates were resistant to more than five antimicrobial agents. Thirty-three percent of 5. typhimurium isolates were resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole, and tetracycline (R-type ACSSuT). Eight antimicrobia-resistant phenotypes were found among the 24 isolates in 16 PFGE patterns. Conclusion The rate of multidrug-resistant S. typhimurium is relatively high in S. typhimurium PFGE patterns of Henan province. Multidrug-resistant S. typhimurium should be considered a public health threat.

  20. [Insecticide resistance mechanisms of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from two Peruvian provinces].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisset, Juan A; Rodríguez, María; Fernández, Ditter; Palomino, Miriam

    2007-01-01

    Insecticide resistance of Aedes aegypti larvae and adults from two Peruvian provinces, that is, Trujillo and Tumbes provinces, was conducted. High infestation indexes and extensive use of insecticides based on the Vector Surveillance and Control Strategy of the Ministry of Public Health prevailed in these places. Larval bioassays revealed susceptibility to organophosphorate insecticide called malathion in TRUJILLO strain, it being moderate to fention and fenitrotion and high to chlorpyriphos and temephos;however, TUMBES strain was susceptible to the evaluated organophosphorate compounds, except for fention, with moderate resistance. In the adult state, at the recommended dose, TRUJILLO strain showed resistence to DDT organochlorate insecticide and to pyrethoids called lambdacyalotrine and cyflutrine whereas TUMBES was resistant to DDT and to all assessed pyrethoids. None of them was resistant to chlorpiriphos in adult stage. By using synergists, the results showed that esterases and monooxigenases played an important role in the detected resistence to organophosphorate in Aedes larvae from TRUJILLO province. Biochemical assays yielded that increased activity of esterases was very frequent in TRUJILLO strain as was the case of glutathion transferase(GST) and modified acetylcholinesterase (AchR). On the other hand, the polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis allowed observing the prevalence of amplified activity of esterases A4 in TRUJILLO strain but not in TUMBES strain.

  1. Phenotypic and phylogenetic analysis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates recovered from diarrhea cases in Guangdong Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Baisheng; Luo, Jinyan; Tan, Hailing; Ke, Bixia; He, Dongmei; Ke, Changwen; Klena, John D; Zhang, Yonghui

    2015-05-04

    Vibrio parahaemolyticus has emerged as a common foodborne pathogen of global concern. In this study, 108 V. parahaemolyticus isolates that recovered from diarrhea cases (n=96) and seafood products (n=12) in Guangdong Province from 2007 to 2011 were characterized by serotyping, tdh and trh toxin gene detection and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). The dominant serotypes from the cases were O3:K6, O4:K8 and O1: KUT (untyped). However, most isolates recovered from seafood products belonged to other serotypes. None of the isolates carried the trh gene, while the major isolates from the cases were tdh positive. MLST analysis revealed 31 sequence types (STs); 17 STs were unique in this study. eBURST analysis revealed four clonal complexes (CC), The majority of the isolates (n=58, all from cases and tdh+) were grouped into the CC3, which included O3:K6, O4:K68 and O1:KUT isolates. The CC3 was the most prevalent clonal complex, and all of the CC3 isolates were recovered from clinical cases of geographically diverse origin. As to the CC345, which was completely constituted by O4:K8, was another important clonal complex affecting Guangdong Province. Ongoing surveillance of V. parahaemolyticus in diarrhea patients and seafood products remains a public health priority for Guangdong Province, China.

  2. Studying the Epidemiology of Fatal Traffic Accidents in the Khuzestan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajaei Behbahani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Traffic accidents with about 1.24 million deaths and 20 to 50 million cases of injury or disability per year are one of the most important public health challenges around the world. In Iran, traffic accidents, with an annual incidence of 32 cases per 100 thousand people, are considered as the second leading cause of death and the most common cause of injury. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiological pattern and mortality rate caused by traffic accidents during year 2012 in the Khuzestan province and its cities. Materials and Methods In this cross-sectional study, all data related to fatal traffic accident referrals to legal medicine center of Khuzestan province during year 2012 were obtained and analyzed. Road traffic accidents mortality rate during this year was calculated for the province and its cities. The data were analyzed using Stata 11 statistical software. Results In 2012, one thousand and twenty deaths related to traffic accidents occurred in Khuzestan province. The incidence of deaths due to accidents in Khuzestan province was 22.5 and the standardized age of incidence was 24.3 per 100 thousand people. Regarding gender, 78.24% of the dead individuals were male and 21.76% were female. The most common final causes of death were head trauma (76.27% cases and bleeding (12.55% cases. The most deceased people were drivers (42.55%, passengers (34.90%, and pedestrians (21.27%. The highest traffic accidents mortality rate in Khuzestan province was observed in Hoveizeh (55.43 per one hundred thousand, Omidiye (55.30 per one hundred thousand and Ramhormuz (53.12 per one hundred thousand, and the lowest incidence rates belonged to Lali (5.35 per one hundred thousand and Shadegan (9.78 per one hundred thousand. Conclusions This study showed that drivers, passengers and pedestrians were the most vulnerable road users. Regarding the fact that most of them were illiterate or had primary education and were self-employed or

  3. Public meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2010-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, I am pleased to invite you to a public meeting which will be held on Thursday 11 November 2010 at 2:30 p.m., in the Main Auditorium (welcome coffee from 2 p.m.) In this meeting Sigurd Lettow, Director for Administration and General Infrastructure will present the Management’s proposals towards restoring full funding of the Pension Fund. The meeting will follow discussions which took place with the Staff Association, at the Standing Concertation Committee (CCP) of 1 November 2010 and will be held with the Members States, at the Tripartite Employment Conditions Forum (TREF) of 4 November 2010. You will be able to attend this presentation in the Main Auditorium or via the webcast. The Management will also be available to reply to your questions on this subject. Best regards, Anne-Sylvie Catherin

  4. Public meetings

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    MARS SURVEY 5YR 2015 GENERAL INFORMATION ELECTIONS 2013   COME AND BE INFORMED! Public meetings Tuesday 1st Oct. 10 am Amphi IT, 31-3-004 Meyrin Tuesday 1st Oct. 2 pm Council Chamber, 503-1-001 Meyrin Friday 4 Oct. 10 am Amphi BE, 864-1-D02 Prévessin Monday 7 Oct. 2 pm Council Chamber, 503-1-001 (in English) Meyrin Tuesday 8 Oct. 10 am Amphi Kjell Johnsen, 30-7-018 Meyrin   Overview of the topics to be discussed Recognition of Merit – MARS Outcome of last exercise 2007 to 2013: lessons learned Survey: five-yearly review, give us your opinion General information CVI 2014 Voluntary programmes (PRP, SLS) Elections 2013 Renewal of the Staff Council 2014 - 2015  

  5. Public Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    on the entrepreneurship–society relationship. SE, as all entrepreneurship practices, operates by social and economic forces (limiting ourselves to those here), and generates social and economic outcomes (amongst others). Its second half, however, dominates the concept of SE, and our analysis seek to remedy this imbalance......In this paper we want to affirm the desiring-social-change that we find in practices presently represented by theorists and policy-makers as examples of ‘social entrepreneurship’ (SE). We do this as an attempt to intensify the presence of the social and sociality in today's discourse...... by focusing on the social productivity of entrepreneurship, on entrepreneurship desiring social change. We suggest ‘public entrepreneurship’ might grasp this as a more balanced concept that will also support a more precise analysis of the entrepreneurship–society relationship....

  6. Reflections on the impact of “la patria Boba”, the independence of Tunja and its province 1810-1815

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Robayo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at reflecting on the first stage of the process of emancipation, developed since 1810 which is considered the starting point of a political project. Building up this project was not easy, it entailed frictions among different political intensions. On this assert we mean the federalism and the idea of the centralism which originated a great disorganization of political and civil elements and the break down and anarchy of six or seven republics apparently linked by a federal pact and a few provinces which defended the peninsular power. The provinces in the interior of the country faced situations of instability in their political life, born from the indecision to choose a unique criterion in terms of the political and administrative management of their territories. Referring to the Federal government adopted in the province of Tunja, it is emphasized on the necessity of promoting the total independence from the Spaniard system, due to the poverty of the people, the lack of public schools and the need of fomenting agricultural production and trade. However, this political project did not reach the goals its leaders estimated, first because the participation of the ‘criollos’ in the public administration was not as easy as expected. The second reason was that, as a result of the segregation of the provinces, a crisis was evidenced when the unified basis of tax collection stopped working. The third issue was due to the fact that territorial segregation became one of the greatest difficulties for the correct political-administrative organization, it is necessary to highlight that the join of some towns, and sometimes complete regions from one province to the other, made difficult tax collection.

  7. Hydrogeologic Provinces for California based upon established groundwater basins and watershed polygons.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Ten hydrogeologic provinces of California are represented by a region- class feature called "provinces" within this digital data set. These provinces were identified...

  8. Epidemiological characteristics of fatal traffic accidents in Fars province, Iran: a community-based survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heydari, S T; Hoseinzadeh, A; Ghaffarpasand, F; Hedjazi, A; Zarenezhad, M; Moafian, G; Aghabeigi, M R; Foroutan, A; Sarikhani, Y; Peymani, P; Ahmadi, S M; Joulaei, H; Dehghankhalili, M; Lankarani, K B

    2013-08-01

    To determine the epidemiological characteristics of fatal traffic accidents in Fars province, Iran. This cross-sectional study included 3642 traffic accident deaths in Fars province, Iran between November 2009 and November 2011. The data source was the Fars Forensic Medicine Registry, which covers the entire province. According to Iranian law, all deaths resulting from injuries or accidents must be investigated to determine the exact cause of death by autopsy. All such deaths are referred to forensic medicine centres in each city, and all data are sent to the main centre in Shiraz, the capital city of Fars province. Males accounted for 78.3% of the decedents (sex ratio of almost 3.6:1), and the mean ± standard deviation age of all decedents was 32.2 ± 20.3 years. Autopsy reports indicated that head trauma was the most common cause of death. Most collisions were vehicle-vehicle crashes (52.3%), with cars and motorcycles being the most prevalent modes of transport (39.6% and 24.6%, respectively). Fatal accidents were most common during the summer. Most fatal injuries (61.4%) occurred on outer-city roads and 27.4% occurred on inner-city roads. Significant associations were found between decedent's status (car driver, motorcycle driver or passenger, pedestrian or passenger) and interval between injury and death, light conditions at the scene of the accident, place of death, site of injury and cause of death. Although the clinical management of trauma patients has improved in Iran, coordination between trauma system organizations is required to decrease the burden of injuries. Copyright © 2013 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. The prevalence of Pediculus capitis among School Children in Fars Province, Southern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Neirami

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Pediculus capitis or head louse infestation affects millions of children worldwide, especially those in the 5-11 years age group. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of head pediculosis among school children in ur­ban and rural areas of Fars Province, southern Iran."nMethods: All school children of age 6-11 yr from both genders in all urban and rural areas of the province were screened for head louse infestation by examination of their hair and scalps. Parents of all infested children were also exam­ined. The study was repeated in different seasons in the same areas. Moreover, infested children were treated with 5% permethrin shampoo and re-examined one week later for any relapse."nResults: The general prevalence of head louse infestation in primary school students was 0.49% in autumn, 0.37% in win­ter and 0.20% in spring. In the mentioned seasons, the prevalence of P. capitis was higher among females and in ru­ral areas (P=0.001. Although treatment with permethrin shampoo failed in females, it was successful in all infected males from both regions in autumn and spring and in males from urban areas in winter."nConclusion: Head louse infestation is uncommon among Fars Province school children in rural and urban areas and should not be considered a public health priority. However, due to the higher prevalence of pediculosis in low socioeco­nomic group and rural area in our region, it seems that health promotion, particularly early detection and effec­tive management strategies should target this group in the province.

  10. Detection of Salmonella Carriers in Sheep and Goat Flocks of Bushehr and Lorestan Provinces, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Esmaeili

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background:    Salmonellosis is an infectious and a food-borne disease of humans and animals. The initial source of the infection is the intestinal tracts of birds and other animals. Apparently healthy animals can become subclinical carriers and persistently shed Salmonella in their feces which can act as a reservoir for the pathogen. The aim of this study is to detect the carriers of Salmonella among apparently healthy sheep and goat flocks of Bushehr and Lorestan provinces, Iran.Methods:    A total of 389 fecal samples were aseptically collected from the rectum of apparently healthy sheep and goat flocks of Bushehr and Lorestan provinces. Bacteriological culture was conducted using selenite cystine, Rappaport–Vassiliadis, brilliant green and xylose lysine deoxycholate agar. Suspected colonies were inoculated in to TSI, peptone water, Simmon’s Citrate, Urea medium and MRVP. Sero-groups were detected by antisera.              Results:    Two samples from 189 samples (1.05% were positive for Salmonella in Bushehr province. Salmonella abortusovis and Salmonella typhimurium were detected following serotyping. No Salmonella carriers were detected in Lorestan province.Conclusion:    As the rate of carriers of Salmonella was low, the risk of food-borne salmonellosis due to consumption of small ruminant's meat is low, especially in the condition of well cooked meat. Since S. abortusovis was detected, strategies of prevention and control of abortion due to this agent must be taken to reduce the economic losses. Moreover, the presence of S. typhimurium is a hazard to public health and people who have close contact to sheep and goats.

  11. Evolution of hepatitis B virus surface gene and protein among Iranian chronic carriers from different provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Ramezani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives:  Iranian chronic HBV carrier’s population has shown a unique pattern of genotype D distri- bution all around the country. The aim of this study was to explore more details of evolutionary history of carriers based on structural surface proteins from different provinces.Materials and Methods: Sera obtained from 360 isolates from 12 Different regions of country were used for amplificationand sequencing of surface proteins. A detailed mutational analysis was undertaken.Results: The total ratio for Missense/Silent nucleotide substitutions was 0.96. Sistan and Kermanshah showed the lowest rate of evolution between provinces (P = 0.055. On the other hand, Khorasan Razavi and Khoozestan contained the highest ratio (P = 0.055. The rest of regions were laid between these two extremes. Azarbayjan and Guilan showed the highest proportion of immune epitope distribution (91.3% and 96%, respectively. Conversely, Sistan and Tehran harbored the least percentage (66.6% and 68.8%, respectively. Kermanshah province contained only 5.2%, whereas Isfahan had 54.5% of B cell epitope distribution. In terms of T helper epitopes, all provinces showed a somehow homogeneity: 22.58% (Fars to 46.6% (Khuz- estan. On the other hand, distribution of substitutions within the CTL epitopes showed a wide range of variation between 6.6% (Khuzestan and 63% (Kermanshah.Conclusion: Further to low selection pressure found in Iranian population, the variations between different regions designate random genetic drift within the surface proteins. These finding would have some applications in terms of specific antiviral regimen, design of more efficient vaccine and public health issues.

  12. The polypores of Guizhou Province I

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Thirty five species of polypores (Basidiomycetes,Aphyllophorales) from Guizhou Province are found from a field trip in Kuankuoshui Nature Reserve and Mt. Qianling, among which 6 species are new to China and 19 species are new to Guizhou. Three taxa in Antrodiella and Perenniporia were identified to genus, but no names were found for them in the literature, and they are evidently previously unkown species. Fomitopsis pinicola ( Sw.: Fr. ) P. Karst., Ganoderma applanatum (pers. ) Pat., Ganoderma tsunodae (Lloyd) Trott. and Rigidoporus lineatus (Pers. :Fr. ) Ryvarden are the pathogens on several trees of angiosperms in the province.%对贵州省宽阔水自然保护区和黔灵山的多孔菌进行了初步研究,共发现多孔菌35种,其中中国新纪录种6个,贵州新记录种19个.3个分类单位只鉴定到属,它们明显是中国以前未报道的种类,或为新种.松生层孔菌Fomitopsispinicola(Sw.:Fr.)P.Karst.,树舌灵芝Ganoderma applanatum(pers.)Pat.,粗皮灵芝Ganodermatsunodae(Lloyd)Trott.和平丝硬孔菌Rigidoporus lineatus(Pers.:Fr.)Ryvarden为树木病原菌.

  13. Public History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Gouveia de Oliveira Rovai

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como proposta apresentar o conceito e as práticas de História Pública como um novo posicionamento da ciência histórica em diálogo com profissionais da comunicação, no sentido de produzir e divulgar as experiências humanas. Para isso, discute-se a origem do conceito de História Pública e as diferentes formas de educação histórica que a utilização das novas tecnologias podem proporcionar (dentre elas a internet. Nesse sentido, convida-se o leitor para a reflexão sobre as possibilidades de publicização e de democratização do conhecimento histórico e da cultura, ampliando-se a oportunidade de produção, de divulgação e de acesso do público a diferentes formas experiências no tempo. O artigo também intenciona chamar atenção dos profissionais que lidam com a História e com a Comunicação para os perigos de produções exclusivamente submetidas ao mercado que transformam a popularização da História no reforço de estigmas culturais.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: História Pública; Educação histórica e Comunicação; democratização e estigmatização.     ABSTRACT This article aims to present the concept and practices of Public History as a new positioning of historical science in dialogue with communication professionals, in the sense of producing and disseminating human experiences. For this, the origin of the concept of Public History and the different forms of historical education that the use of the new technologies can provide (among them the Internet is discussed. In this sense, the reader is invited to reflect on the possibilities of publicizing and democratizing historical knowledge and culture, expanding the opportunity for production, dissemination and public access to different forms of experience in time. The article also intends to draw attention from professionals dealing with History and Communication to the dangers of exclusively commercialized productions that transform the popularization

  14. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangSongpei

    2005-01-01

    A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the wholecountry, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,

  15. Hainan Province Obtained 61 Exploration Rights in Multiple Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>According to news sources from Hainan Province Land and Resources Department, Hainan Province actively implemented geological prospecting "Walking out" strategy, up till now Hainan geological prospecting units and enterprises have acquired 61 exploration rights, and 4 mining rights in Mozambique, Madagascar,

  16. A Low-Li Geochemical Province in the NE Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bailey, J. C.; Gwozdz, R.

    1978-01-01

    Lithium was analysed in 392 basalts and related igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Tertiary-Recent province using activation analysis and Čerenkov counting. Monotonous Li values of 5.5±2 ppm in NE Atlantic basalts define a low-Li geochemical province which has persisted for 60 million years...

  17. Integrated Coastal Management in the Province Ca Mau - Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoop, B.; Bouziotas, D.; Hanssen, J.L.J.; Dunnewolt, J.; Postma, M.G.

    2015-01-01

    The province of Ca Mau is the southernmost part of Vietnam and the Mekong Delta. The water system of Ca Mau faces multiple challenges, both in its coastal zone and in its inland regions. the coastal zone in the province. In view of this, this study presents an integrated approach for combined coasta

  18. Vitamin A status of children in five Ecuadorian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, A; Guamán, G; Nelson, D P

    1996-09-01

    In mid-1993 Ecuador's Health Research Institute conducted a survey to evaluate the general nutrition and vitamin A status of children in five provinces (three in the mountains and two on the coast) containing pockets of extreme poverty. The survey enrolled 1555 children 12-59 months old who constituted a multi-phased stratified cluster sample obtained by random selection methods. Among its other aims, the survey sought to assess all or part of the study subjects' serum retinol levels, dietary vitamin A intake and ocular signs of vitamin A deficiency, and to weigh the influence on vitamin A status of age, sex, parental (maternal) education, residence in a rural or urban area, and the ethnic background of the residence area. Questionnaire interviews were conducted to gather information about each survey child's identify, diet, pathologic history, and breast-feeding history; a blood sample was obtained; and the child was weighed, measured, and given a complete physical examination (including an eye examination). Of the 1232 survey children whose serum retinol levels were measured, 18% and 2% were found to have levels below 0.7 and 0.35 mumol/L, respectively. Low serum retinol levels were more common among children of mothers who had relatively little education and resided in rural areas. The presence of Bitot's spots was confirmed in two of the study children. Interviews conducted with 39% of the study children's families to assess the children's diets showed the risk of insufficient vitamin A intake to be greater in the mountain provinces and among Indian populations, children born to mothers with no formal education, children living in rural areas, and underweight and stunted children. Forty-eight percent of the study population had serum retinol levels between 0.70 and 1.05 mumol/L, indicating marginal vitamin A deficiency. It would therefore appear that dietary supplementation would cause a substantial part of the Ecuadorian population to improve its vitamin A

  19. Public meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    Last Monday at 9 a.m. the Council Chamber was full, with several people standing, for the public meeting of the Staff Association. Simultaneously, many of our colleagues followed the presentations in the Amphitheatre in Prévessin. We would like to thank all of you for the interest you have shown and for your feedback. In the introduction we explained how the Staff Association represents the staff in its discussions with Management and Member States, and how the staff itself defined, by its participation in the 2013 staff survey, the priority assigned to various points related to the employment conditions. The position of the Staff Association regarding the new contract policy, to be implemented as of 31 March 2015 after approval by Council, was stated. Then, in the framework of the 2015 five-yearly review, the general approach that we would like to see for the new career structure, was explained. Concerning diversity, based on what we know about the situation in other international organiza...

  20. The Development Model of Agricultural Insurance in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu; YOU

    2014-01-01

    The agricultural economy in Anhui Province is developing so fast,but farmers are severely affected by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters. The current agricultural insurance mode is not suitable,therefore,the research on agricultural insurance modes of Anhui Province helps to promote the steady development of the agricultural production. Starting from situation of agricultural insurance in Anhui Province,learning from both experience of foreign country and the latest successful domestic modes,we try to put forward agricultural insurance mode framework which is suitable for Anhui Province. Based on the actual situation of Anhui Province,it is necessary to adopt the mode of government leading combined with agricultural mutual aid rather than copy the existing mode.

  1. Developmental Strategies of Betel Nut Industry in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental status of the betel nut industry is introduced, including cultivation situation, processing and development situation, and consumer market situation. The result shows that the cultivation of betel nut in Hainan Province develops rapidly and the primary processing of betel nut has formed certain scale, but the deep processing of betel nut is backward. Except for the mino amount of the betel nuts consumed by Hainan Island, a large majority of the betel nuts are processed into dry fruit to sell to Hunan Province to reprocess. The problems exist in the development of betel nut industry in Hainan Province are analyzed, covering blind cultivation, extensive management, backward processing, lagged new product development and the single and concentrated consumer market. The strategic choice of developing the betel nut industry of Hainan Province is analyzed as well. Hainan Province should carry out the green, sustainable, diversified, cooperative and export-oriented industrial developmental strategy.

  2. Inequality in School Readiness and Autism among 6-Year-Old Children across Iranian Provinces: National Health Assessment Survey Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amiri, Masoud; Kelishadi, Roya; Motlagh, Mohammad-Esmaeil; Taslimi, Mahnaz; Dashti, Marziyeh; Aminaee, Tahereh; Ardalan, Gelayol; Poursafa, Parinaz

    2013-01-01

    Objective To assess the national inequality of school readiness and autism among 6-year-old Iranian children before school entry using a national health assessment survey. Methods In a cross-sectional nationwide survey, all Iranian children entering public and private elementary schools were asked to participate in a mandatory national screening program in Iran in 2009 in two levels of screening and diagnostic levels. Findings The study population consisted of 955388 children (48.5% girls and 76.1% urban residents). Of the whole children, 3.1% of the 6-year-old children had impaired vision. In addition, 1.2, 1.8, 1.4, 7.6, 0.08, 10, 10.9, 56.7, 0.7, 0.8 and 0.6 percent had color blindness, hearing impaired, speech disorder, school readiness, autism, height to age retardation, body mass index extremes, decayed teeth, disease with special needs, spinal disorders, and hypertension, respectively. The distribution of these disorders was unequally distributed across provinces. Conclusion Our results confirmed that there is an inequality in distribution of school readiness and autism in 6-year-old children across Iranian provinces. The observed burden of these distributions among young children needs a comprehensive national policy with evidence-based province programs to identify the reason for different inequality among provinces. PMID:23550225

  3. Evaluation of maternal mortality cases in the province of Elazig, Turkey, 2007-2013: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burcin Kavak, Salih; Celik Kavak, Ebru; Demirel, Ismail; Turkoglu, Abdurrahim; Halil Akkus, Ibrahim; Ilhan, Rasit; Kaplan, Selcuk

    2014-08-31

    The aim of this study was to determine the causes and factors influencing maternal mortality. All maternal deaths occurring between January 2007 and November 2013 in the Elazig Province of Turkey were retrospectively investigated. The maternal age, obstetric history, cause of death, encountered delay model of each case, as well as the overall number of annual live births in the Province were determined. The information of cases was obtained from Directorate of Public Health and hospital records.  Families or family doctors were also interviewed to obtain details about the circumstances surrounding each death. There were a total of 64,423 live births in the Province of Elazig between 2007- 2013. The number and ratio of maternal deaths due to direct and indirect causes were 12 and 18.6, respectively. The direct causes of maternal death were hypertensive diseases of pregnancy (n=5, 41.7%), obstetric hemorrhages (n=3, 25%) and pulmonary embolism (n=1, 8.3%). The indirect causes of death were cardiac diseases (n=2, 16.7%) and malignancy (n=1, 8.3%). When classified according to the "Three Delays Model", 2 cases were in the first delay model and 3 cases in the third delay model; the second delay model led to no maternal deaths. Hypertensive diseases of pregnancy are the leading cause of maternal mortality in our province. The preventable causes of maternal mortality and factors contributing to death must be identified to reduce the incidence.

  4. E-Procurement System Technology: An Analysis in Electronic Procurement Service Unit (LPSE of Kepulauan Riau Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rendra Setyadiharja

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The practice of corruption always exist in public goods and service procurement in Indonesia. The Government efforts in reducing this case are doing new breakthrough like creating new system of service and goods procurement in an electronic way, usually called E-Procurement. After being instructed by Presidential Regulation number 54, year of 2010, the Local Government must use the E-Procurement System in the process of goods and service procurement, including Kepulauan Riau Province. This Research aims to analyzed the implementation of e-procurement system that had been adopted by Kepulauan Riau Province at year 2008. This research is not just for viewing the implementation of e-procurement system technically, but also to see how the influence of political process to the implementation of e-procurement. The Methodology used in this research is mix-method. This research are conducted in LPSE Kepulauan Riau Province, Procurement Service Unit (ULP and also the vendors that supplies service and goods, that had been using the system. The results of this research are clearly stated that even the system of e-procurement of Kepulauan Riau Province are effective, and the political process is a factor which influencing the implementation of e-procurement.Keywords : E-Procurement, E-Procurement Implementation, Political Process, Principal Influence, Agent Influence. 

  5. From Public Relations to Corporate Public Diplomacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    2017-01-01

    -win solutions supported by the general public. While existing research suggests that an important function of public relations is to create a perception of legitimacy and that the hope of economic and commercial public diplomacy is to create a perception of attractiveness among the public in foreign countries...

  6. XML Geohelminthic: human ascariasis and trichuriasis in Mazandaran province, northern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hajar Ziaei

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ascariasis and trichuriasis are the most common intestinal geohelminthic diseases, and as such they are significant in terms of clinical and public health. This study was done to determine prevalence, status and geographic distribution patterns for Ascariasis and Trichuriasis. The study was done in the period 1991-2014 in northern Iran using Aregis 9.2 software. Methods: This was a review study, using description and analysis, of geographical distribution of Ascaris and Trichuris relating to townships in Mazandran province, northern Iran, covering a 23-year period. Data were collected from a review of the relevant literature, summarized and classified using Arc GIS, 9.2 to design maps and tables. Results: Based on results presented in tables and maps, means for prevalence of Ascaris and Trichuris were divided into five groups. The maximum prevalence rate of Ascaris was 16.3% reported in rural areas of Tonkabon in 1981-1982. Prevalence means for Ascaris in the central and western areas of Mazandaran province were 2%-4% and 4%, respectively. The maximum prevalence of Trichuris in the rural area of Tonkabon was 22.5% and the lowest 0.06% was among the cattle breeder’s in rural areas of the province at in 2002-2003. Conclusion: Data presented in this study provides information useful to health care workers researchers and health administrators, especially for physicians, clinicians and for future research. Also, it is necessary to control and prevent geohelminthic parasitic infections, particularly in rural areas by public education for families, health authorities and health care systems.

  7. Dengue virus serotype in Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paisal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available WHO estimated 50 million dengue infections happen every year in the world. In Indonesia, there were 90,245 DHF cases on 2012 with 816 deaths. In the Province of Aceh, 2,269 cases happened in the same year. This study aimed to identify dengue virus serotype in Aceh. Sampling was done in Kota Banda Aceh Hospital, Kota Lhokseumawe Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Hospital, and Kabupaten Simeulue Hospital between May to December 2012. This was a clinical laboratory research with observation design using cross sectional approach. Research’s population was sample from patients with dengue clinical symptom. Using purposive sampling technique, we have collected 100 samples from the five hospitals (20 samples from each hospital. From RT-PCR, we found 16 positive samples (9 samples were DENV-4, 3 samples were DENV-1, 2 samples were DENV-2, and 2 samples were DENV-3.

  8. Agricultural Investment Environment in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The features of ageing,low educational level and female domination on the part of agricultural labor forces,determine that the sustainable development of agriculture can not rely entirely on farmers,who are engaged in dispersed planting and small-scale operation,therefore,improving agricultural investment environment,and taking positive measures to promote diversification of the main body of agricultural investment,is the key to the healthy development of agriculture.From four aspects(the industrial base of agriculture,arable land resource conditions,capital investment capacity,input of means of production),this article establishes evaluation indicator system of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi Province,and based on this,make recommendations for improvement of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi.

  9. Sero-prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus infection in Balochistan province of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadeem S Sheikh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: The objective was to evaluate the sero-prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg and IgM antibodies to hepatitis core antigen in Balochistan Province of Pakistan. Design of the study: A cross-sectional, population-based study. Place and time of the study: The study was conducted in Balochistan from 1 st January 2004 to 31 st December, 2008. The screening areas included Barkhan, Eashani, Khuzdar, Kodi Zikriani, Kohlu, Rakhni and Turbat. Materials and Methods: A total of 15,260 subjects were enrolled; 11,900 (78% agreed to undergo screening. Fresh serum samples were tested for the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen and IgM antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen. Results: HBsAg was detected in 1166 (9.8% while anti-HBc IgM was found in 117 (10.0%. HBsAg positivity was seen in 875 (12.7% males and 291 (5.8% females. The prevalence of hepatitis B in Balochistan varies from 3.3% in Khuzdar to 17.0% in Kodi Zikriani. Conclusions: It is utmost important to educate the public, to take proper measures to control the spread of infection and vaccination in order to interrupt transmission of this threatening public health problem in Balochistan province of Pakistan.

  10. Institutionalising of public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karkee, R

    2014-01-01

    Though public health situation in Nepal is under-developed, the public health education and workforce has not been prioritised. Nepal should institutionalise public health education by means of accrediting public health courses, registration of public health graduates in a data bank and increasing job opportunities for public health graduates in various institutions at government sector.

  11. Evaluation of geothermal potential of the basin and range province of New Mexico. Technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Landis, G.P.; Callender, J.F.; Elston, W.E.; Jiracek, G.R.; Kudo, A.M.; Woodward, L.A.; Swanberg, C.A.

    1976-06-01

    This continuing research is designed to provide an integrated geological, geophysical, and geochemical study of the geothermal energy potential of promising thermal anomalies in the Rio Grande rift, Basin and Range province, the Mogollon--Datil volcanic field of New Mexico. Specific objectives undertaken in this study include the following: (a) reconnaissance and detailed geologic mapping (Animas Valley, Radium Springs, Alum Mountain, Truth or Consequences, Ojo Caliente, Albuquerque---Belene basin, and San Ysidro); (b) geochemical studies including reconnaissance water sampling (Animas Valley, Radium Springs and Alum Mountain); and (c) geophysical surveys using deep electric-resistivity, gravity, and magnetic techniques (Radium Springs, Animas Valley and Truth or Consequences). The results of one and one-half summer field seasons and approximately two years of analytical work, laboratory research, and development of research equipment and facilities are covered. Publications, communications, and public service resulting from the first years of U.S.G.S. and State funding are listed in Appendix A.

  12. Natural Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in ticks from a forest area of Selenge province, Mongolia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a zoonotic agent of public health importance, infecting both humans and animals. An investigation of the presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum as well as Anaplasma platys was conducted in a forest area of Selenge province, Mongolia, where ticks are widely distributed and tick-borne diseases are highly endemic. Ticks were collected and tested using polymerase chain reaction based on groEL methodology. Anaplasma phagocytophilum was detected in 14 (6%) of Ixodes persulcatus ticks and four (1%) Dermacentor nuttalli ticks; infection of Anaplasma platys was detected in 1% of Ixodes persulcatus ticks and 10% of Dermacentor nuttalli ticks. The phylogenetic tree showed that the Anaplasma phagocytophilum clustered with the Russian group, most likely due to similar geographical locations. This finding is significant for both veterinary and public health officials given that these agents can cause both animal and human illness.

  13. Natural Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in ticks from a forest area of Selenge province, Mongolia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Javkhlan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a zoonotic agent of public health importance, infecting both humans and animals. An investigation of the presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum as well as Anaplasma platys was conducted in a forest area of Selenge province, Mongolia, where ticks are widely distributed and tick-borne diseases are highly endemic. Ticks were collected and tested using polymerase chain reaction based on groEL methodology. Anaplasma phagocytophilum was detected in 14 (6% of Ixodes persulcatus ticks and four (1% Dermacentor nuttalli ticks; infection of Anaplasma platys was detected in 1% of Ixodes persulcatus ticks and 10% of Dermacentor nuttalli ticks. The phylogenetic tree showed that the Anaplasma phagocytophilum clustered with the Russian group, most likely due to similar geographical locations. This finding is significant for both veterinary and public health officials given that these agents can cause both animal and human illness.

  14. Pediatric burns in Khuzestan Province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houshyarikhah, Hojjat; Shayestehfard, Marzieh; Javaherizadeh, Hazhir; Cheraghian, Bahman; Latifzadeh, Shila; Madari, Zahra

    2012-04-01

    Burn injuries are the most frequently occurring injuries among pediatric populations worldwide, and they are significant pediatric injuries in Iran. This study was conducted to analyze the pattern of pediatric burns in Khuzestan province in the south-west of Iran from April 2006 to March 2007. The location of the study was Taleghani Hospital, a sole center for burn patients in Khuzestan province. The number of patients with burns admitted to the center in 1 year (from April 2006 to March 2007) was 211. Data were obtained by reviewing the medical records of patients hospitalized at the center. Of the patients, 85 (40.3%) were female and 126 (59.7%) were male. Of the 85 female patients, 50 were from urban areas and 35 were from rural areas. Of the 126 male patients, 68 (54%) were from urban areas and 58 (46%) were from rural areas. The mean ± SE age of the children ranging between 0 and 11 years was 3.20 ± 0.188. Scalding was the predominant cause of burns and caused 86.7% of the burns. The age of the patients with scald injuries (2.95 ± 2.56 years) was significantly lower than that of patients with flame injuries (4.28 ± 3.3 years) (P=0.007). Correlation analysis showed that younger children and urban residents are more vulnerable to scald injuries. The mean body surface area of burns was 20.5 ± 10.26 cm in all patients. Scalding was the most common cause of burns. Age burn accidents in children in Khuzestan. An appropriate burn prevention program, with focus on education, is needed to prevent this injury.

  15. Study on ideological leadership of the CPC and sustainable development of universities’public service clubs---Based on the “Seven Sisters”study-aiding society,one of May 4th Red Flag Youth League committees of Jiangsu Province%探析党的思想领导力与高校公益型学生社团的可持续发展--以江苏省“五四”红旗团支部“七姐妹”爱心助学社为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佘志敏

    2016-01-01

    高校公益型学生社团是高等院校中热衷社会公益事业、渴望服务社会、奉献爱心的青年大学生的自发组织,它们是高校德育工作的重要载体,也是青年学生服务社会的开放平台,更是其自我成长的锻炼场域,但近年其可持续发展倍增掣肘。江苏省“五四”红旗团支部七姐妹”爱心助学社从中国共产党的思想领导力等方面获得灵感,通过理念之启导,明确了以“爱心助学,利人立己”为核心诉求的自我定位;体制之创导,订立了“公益行动全员商决原则”以规范、指导社团的公益行动;实践之匡导,总结出“以我为主、协力公益”的行动模式,从而实现了社团十年来的持续发展。这对解决当前高校公益型学生社团的发展困境有一定的启示意义。%Universities’public service clubs are volunteer corps,which are organized by young college students whose keen social welfare undertakings,eager to serve society and show love to the man who are in need.They are important carriers of mor-al education in universities and open platforms of serveing the society community and self-growth fields for young students.But in recent years,many universities’public service clubs are periencing sustainable development dilemma. As a good example,the“Seven Sisters”study-aiding society,one of “5.4”red flag youth corps committee of Jiangsu Province,get power from ideo-logical leadership of the CPC. Through the concept and practice and system innovation,“Seven Sisters”study-aiding society a-chieve sustainable development. It is no doubt a model ,and has enlightenment significance to solve development dilemma of many universities’public service clubs.

  16. Mayor frecuencia de microalbuminuria en mujeres en un programa de diabetes de un hospital público del sur de la provincia de Santa Fe A higher prevalence of microalbuminuria in women in a diabetes management program at a public hospital in the south of Santa Fe province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Sánchez Azcona

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El control de la diabetes y los factores de riesgos asociados constituyen un problema de salud pública. El objetivo de este trabajo fue caracterizar la población diabética con al menos 10 años de evolución que asistió al Hospital Provincial Alejandro Gutiérrez de la ciudad de Venado Tuerto formando parte de un Programa específico para la atención de pacientes diabéticos. Se realizó un estudio observacional de corte transversal a partir del relevamiento de historias clínicas (n = 88. Se encontró que el 92 % (84,3-96,7 % de los pacientes fueron diabéticos tipo 2 con edad promedio de 63,0 ± 10,9 años y media del índice de masa corporal (IMC de 30,9 ± 6,4 kg/m². El IMC fue significativamente mayor en las mujeres que en los hombres. Se encontraron las siguientes prevalencias: hipertensión arterial (HTA: 77,8 % (67,2-86,3 %; microalbuminuria: 46,2 % (34,8-57,8 %; colesterol total >200mg/dl: 38,5 % (27,7-50.2 %; triglicéridos >150 mg/dl: 41,0 % (30-52,7 %. La microalbuminuria presentó tendencia a la asociación con la presencia de HTA y con un IMC mayor a 27 kg/m². Es posible que la significativamente mayor prevalencia de microalbuminuria hallada entre las mujeres en comparación con los hombres esté directamente relacionada al sobrepeso que aquellas presentan respecto de estos.Diabetes control and associated risk factors are a public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize diabetic patients with at least 10 years' duration of disease who attended Hospital Provincial Alejandro Gutiérrez in Venado Tuerto city as part of a specific diabetes management program. An observational and cross-sectional study was performed with data obtained from medical records (n = 88. Ninety-two percent 95 % CI: 84.3-96.7 % of patient had type 2 diabetes; mean age 63.0 ± 10.9 years and mean body mass index (BMI, kg/m² 30.9 ± 6.4. BMI was significantly higher in women than men. The following prevalences were found: hypertension

  17. 江苏省无锡市卫生系统单位控烟现状调查%Tobacco control baseline survey among health administration and public health departments in the urban are- as of Wuxi City of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪峰; 陈再芳; 陈健; 陆宏枫; 徐伟德; 罗健

    2011-01-01

    implement a more strict tobacco control policy. Conclusion The surveyed health administration departments and health care institutes should develop, implement and enforce tobacco control policies. In addition, the publicity and training on tobacco control policy, smoking harms and tobacco control measures should be carried out in an effort to strengthen the tobacco control intervention in non-smoking areas, improve the supporting rate and sense of responsibility among staffs, and promote the construction of tobacco free institutes.

  18. Public health reform and health promotion in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, Megan; Tomm-Bonde, Laura; Schreiber, Rita

    2014-06-01

    More than 25 years have passed since the release of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. This document represented a substantial contribution to public health in its emphasis on the economic, legal, political and cultural factors that influence health. With public health renewal underway across Canada, and despite overwhelming support in the public health community for the Ottawa Charter, how much its principles will be included in the renewal process remains unclear. In this paper, we present the historical understanding of health promotion in Canada, namely highlighting the contributions from the Lalonde Report, Alma Ata Declaration, the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion and the more recent population health movement. We discuss public health renewal, using the province of British Columbia in Canada as an example. We identify the potential threats to health promotion in public health renewal as it unfolds.

  19. Health care capacity and allocations among South Africa's provinces: infrastructure-inequality traps after the end of apartheid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuckler, David; Basu, Sanjay; McKee, Martin

    2011-01-01

    We assessed the determinants of health care funding allocations among South Africa's provinces and their effects on health care from 1996 through 2007. We performed multivariate regression of funding allocation data against measures of disease burden and health system infrastructure by province. Disease burden was increasingly negatively correlated with funding allocations and explained less than one quarter of the variation in allocations among provinces. Nearly three quarters of the variation in allocations was explained by preexisting hospital infrastructure and health care workers. The density of private hospitals in the preceding year was associated with greater government allocations (b(private) = 0.12; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.08, 0.15), but public hospital density in the preceding year was not (b(public) = 0.05; 95% CI = -0.02, 0.11). Greater allocations were associated with a higher number of doctors (b = 0.54; 95% CI = 0.34, 0.75) but fewer nurses (b = -0.37; 95% CI = -0.72,-0.25) in the same year. Regions with a greater capacity to spend funds received more funding and created more infrastructure than those with greater health needs. Historical infrastructure inequalities may have created an infrastructure-inequality trap, in which the distribution of funds to those with greater "absorptive capacity" exacerbates inequalities.

  20. A Familial Cluster of Human Brucellosis Attributable to Contact with Imported Infected Goats in Shuyang, Jiangsu Province, China, 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Zhongming; Huang, Yong; Liu, Genyan; Zhou, Weizhong; Xu, Xilou; Zhang, Zibing; Shen, Qing; Tang, Fenyang; Zhu, Yefei

    2015-10-01

    Brucellosis remains a serious public health issue in developing countries, including China. On August 8, 2013, four cases of brucellosis from one extended family were reported at Shuyang County, Jiangsu Province, China. Active case finding was performed to identify the source and the risk factors of the infection and to prevent additional cases. Multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) was used for molecular subtyping analysis. Six people from two extended families met the case definition for brucellosis infection; four were blood culture positive for Brucella melitensis biotype 3. Four additional family members were found seropositive by using a serological test. Isolates from the four patients were indistinguishable by MLVA profiling, displaying a unique type for Jiangsu Province. Field epidemiological data combined with MLVA genotyping supported a common source of the isolates from the different patients. We recommend stronger reinforcement measures for animal quarantine practices, enhanced cooperation with veterinary service organizations, and implementation of measures that strengthen public education on brucellosis to prevent further human outbreaks in Jiangsu Province.

  1. Breast cancer survival rate according to data of cancer registry and death registry systems in Bushehr province, 2001-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Rampisheh

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Breast cancer is the most common female cancer worldwide. Survival rate of breast cancer, especially as an indicator of the successful implementation of screening, diagnosis and treatment programs, has been at the center of attention of public health experts Material and Methods: In a survival study, the records of breast cancer cases in cancer registry system of Bushehr Province were extracted during 2001, March to 2013, September. These records were linked and matched with records of death registry system. After determining patients, status regarding being alive or dead, survival analysis was done. Life table, Kaplan-Mayer analysis, log rank and Breslow tests were used for computing and comparing survival rates. Results: In 300 recorded breast cancer cases, mean and standard deviation of age was 51.26±13.87. Survival rates were 95, 88, 78, 73 and 68 percent since the first year through the fifth year, respectively. Mean survival was 87.20 months (95% CI= 81.28- 93.12. There was no significant difference in mean survival regarding age and different geographical areas. Conclusion: Although survival rates of registered breast cancer patients in Bushehr Province are similar to other provinces, they are far from those of developed countries. This situation demands more extensive efforts regarding public education and improving the process of diagnosis, treatment and care of patients especially during first two years after diagnosis.

  2. Outpatient prescription practices in rural township health centers in Sichuan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Qian

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sichuan Province is an agricultural and economically developing province in western China. To understand practices of prescribing medications for outpatients in rural township health centers is important for the development of the rural medical and health services in this province and western China. Methods This is an observational study based on data from the 4th National Health Services Survey of China. A total of 3,059 prescriptions from 30 township health centers in Sichuan Province were collected and analyzed. Seven indicators were employed in the analyses to characterize the prescription practices. They are disease distribution, average cost per encounter, number of medications per encounter, percentage of encounters with antibiotics, percentage of encounters with glucocorticoids, percentage of encounters with combined glucocorticoids and antibiotics, and percentage of encounters with injections. Results The average medication cost per encounter was 16.30 Yuan ($2.59. About 60% of the prescriptions contained Chinese patent medicine (CPM, and almost all prescriptions (98.07% contained western medicine. 85.18% of the prescriptions contained antibiotics, of which, 24.98% contained two or more types of antibiotics; the percentage of prescriptions with glucocorticoids was 19.99%; the percentage of prescriptions with both glucocorticoids and antibiotics was 16.67%; 51.40% of the prescriptions included injections, of which, 39.90% included two or more injections. Conclusions The findings from this study demonstrated irrational medication uses of antibiotics, glucocorticoids and injections prescribed for outpatients in the rural township health centers in Sichuan Province. The reasons for irrational medication uses are not only solely due to the pursuit of maximizing benefits in the township health centers, but also more likely attributable to the lack of medical knowledge of rational medication uses among rural doctors and the

  3. Strategic Ideas of Greenway Construction in Ecological Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUBinyi; XUWenhui

    2004-01-01

    This article grasps the implication of ecology based on the theory of greenway, With the purpose of making Zhejiang Province become an ecological province, it points out that the problems exist in the greenway construction and makes it clear that the greenway construction is very important. Furthermore, in combination with the linear green open spaces, such as greening passages, tourist areas, and administration facilities in Zhejiang Province, this article puts forward the strategic ideas of the greenways construction and the strategies, measures to apply the greenways construction.

  4. Contribution on the Tabanidae (Diptera Fauna of Antalya Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Altunsoy

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, carried out 35 species in Antalya province. Totally 35 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Silvius alpinus, Chrysops viduatus, Atylotus loewianus, Tabanus atropathenicus, T. bifarius, T. cordiger, T. darimonti, T. glaucopis, T. leleani, T. lunatus, T. maculicornis; T. miki, T. portschinski, T. prometheus, T. spodopteroides, T. tinctus, T. sudeticus, Hemotopota italica, H. ocelligera, H. pallens, and H. subcylindrica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Antalya province reaches to 52 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

  5. The Path Analysis of Farmers’ Income Structure in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongtian; XIAO; Yu; CUI; Lijia; HU

    2015-01-01

    The problem of farmers’ income growth is the key of issues concerning agriculture,countryside and farmers,so the farmers’ income growth is the fundamental starting point for agricultural and rural economic development. In this paper,we use the statistics concerning farmers’ income in Yunnan Province from 1995 to 2012,to perform the path analysis of components of farmers’ income in Yunnan Province,study the path of influence of components of farmers’ income on farmers’ net income,and then set forth the policy recommendations for increasing farmers’ income in Yunnan Province.

  6. Spatial variation of volcanic rock geochemistry in the Virunga Volcanic Province: Statistical analysis of an integrated database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barette, Florian; Poppe, Sam; Smets, Benoît; Benbakkar, Mhammed; Kervyn, Matthieu

    2017-10-01

    We present an integrated, spatially-explicit database of existing geochemical major-element analyses available from (post-) colonial scientific reports, PhD Theses and international publications for the Virunga Volcanic Province, located in the western branch of the East African Rift System. This volcanic province is characterised by alkaline volcanism, including silica-undersaturated, alkaline and potassic lavas. The database contains a total of 908 geochemical analyses of eruptive rocks for the entire volcanic province with a localisation for most samples. A preliminary analysis of the overall consistency of the database, using statistical techniques on sets of geochemical analyses with contrasted analytical methods or dates, demonstrates that the database is consistent. We applied a principal component analysis and cluster analysis on whole-rock major element compositions included in the database to study the spatial variation of the chemical composition of eruptive products in the Virunga Volcanic Province. These statistical analyses identify spatially distributed clusters of eruptive products. The known geochemical contrasts are highlighted by the spatial analysis, such as the unique geochemical signature of Nyiragongo lavas compared to other Virunga lavas, the geochemical heterogeneity of the Bulengo area, and the trachyte flows of Karisimbi volcano. Most importantly, we identified separate clusters of eruptive products which originate from primitive magmatic sources. These lavas of primitive composition are preferentially located along NE-SW inherited rift structures, often at distance from the central Virunga volcanoes. Our results illustrate the relevance of a spatial analysis on integrated geochemical data for a volcanic province, as a complement to classical petrological investigations. This approach indeed helps to characterise geochemical variations within a complex of magmatic systems and to identify specific petrologic and geochemical investigations

  7. Highlights from Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Although the extraction of mineral wealth has been the major influence in the history of Johannesburg and the surrounding Witwatersrand regions (with about 45% of all gold ever mined coming from there), the discovery of now-famous hominid fossils at the Sterkfontein Caves, and the convening of the world's largest-ever conference on environment and development, are setting a new stage for the future. The United Nations began the second Development and Environment Conference in Johannesburg on August 26, 2002. This meeting addresses the implementation of international goals to fight poverty and protect the global environment that were established at the first such conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Johannesburg summit involves about forty thousand participants, and perhaps 100 world leaders. One of several official opening ceremonies for the conference was held at the Sterkfontein Caves to recognize the outstanding universal value of the paleo-anthropological fossils found there.These views from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) highlight a number of the land use, vegetation, and geological features found within Gauteng Province (including the urban center of Johannesburg and the capital city Pretoria) and parts of the North West and Free State Provinces. The image on the right displays vegetation in red hues and is a false-color view utilizing data from MISR's near-infrared, red and blue bands. Both the natural-color view (left) and the false-color version were acquired by MISR's nadir camera on June 16, 2002. The urban areas appear as gray-colored pixels in the natural-color view, and exhibit colors corresponding with the relative abundance of vegetation found in the urban parts of this arid region.The mountains trending east-west near the center of the images extend from Pretoria in the east to Rustenberg in the west. These ranges, the Magaliesberg and Witwatersberg, separate the low-lying, hotter bushveld to the north from the cooler

  8. Public Relations in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentini, Chiara

    2013-01-01

    of the Excellence Project in Public Relations and thus applies a research instrument similar to that used in other international scholarly investigations in public relations. The population comprises civil servants working in information and communication activities for Italian public administrations. Findings...... relations. Research limitations: Due to a lack of information on the exact number of public communication officers working in the Italian public administration and a too small number of respondents in one of the respondent groups, it is not possible to draw inferences or general conclusions from...... knowledge on strategic public relations and public communication by offering a specific analysis of the strategic management of information and communication programs in the Italian public administration....

  9. Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI in Children under 7- year of Age during 2014 in Hamedan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salman Khazaei

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: The surveillance of adverse events following immunization (AEFI is essential to improve high standard of vaccine safety, and maintain public trust in immunization programs. This study aimed to determine the AEFI and their related factors in children. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study including all children under 7- year of age, in Hamadan Province, the West of Iran, in 2014. All of the AEFI related with Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG, Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus (DPT, Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR vaccines were obtained from the documented record-based by Health Centers, in Hamadan province. Results: From a total of 239,204 doses administered, 284 AEFI were notified (11.8 per 10,000 doses. The proportion of AEFI was more frequently reported from Health Houses than Health Centers (60.2 vs. 37.0, P

  10. Scope and importance of non-governmental organisations activities’ and their evaluation by rural residents of the podkarpackie province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grzybek

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the type of operating 210 non-governmental organizations and the scope of their activities in rural areas the Podkarpackie province. The research results show that most active units are, commonly known by inhabitants, voluntary fire brigades, sports clubs, farmer housewives’ associations and folkloristic associations. The activity of these organisations was related to learning, culture, education, upbringing, as well as public safety and environment protection. The opinions of 595 people from the surveyed municipalities were taken into account, in terms of quality of their activities in the local community. The results confirmed full acceptance of nonprofit organizations’ activity, and dominance of good and very good ratings was a recognition of high quality of their services and important role they play in rural areas of the Podkarpackie province.

  11. Women in Poverty: Experience from Limpopo Province, South Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    unemployment, vulnerable people, poverty strategy. Introduction. This study .... socio-economic development in the province is very poor compared to any ... unemployment rate and lower education status than those not working in agriculture.

  12. SWOT Analysis of Vinegar Export of Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王业璇

    2012-01-01

      This article is based on the SWOT theory, and analyze the vinegar export situations of Shanxi province. Finding out the opportunities and challenges the vinegar plants confronts is this article’s main purpose.

  13. Geologic Provinces of the Far East, 2000 (prv3al)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the Far East (China, Mongolia, North and...

  14. Geologic Provinces of Southeast Asia, 2000 (prv3bl)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of Southeast Asia (Brunei, Indonesia,...

  15. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids, #1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  16. South America Province Boundaries, 1999 (prv6ag)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — South America is part of Region 6 (Central and South America) for the World Energy Assessment. South America was divided into 107 geologic provinces as background...

  17. Alumina Producers in Shandong Province Allied to Win Negotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Faced with the soaring bauxite price,five alu- mina producers in Shandong Province jointly established Shangdong Bauxite Import Compa- nies Club to gain a better position in price ne- gotiation with foreign counterparts by getting

  18. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #5

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  19. Comparative Study on Property Income of Farmers in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Hong

    2012-01-01

    According to statistic data of Shaanxi Province during 1997 to 2010,I conducted a comparative analysis on farmers’ property income from region,urban and rural factors and structure,established regression model,and studied the relationship between farmers’ property income and gross income.Results show that the growth of average property income of farmers in Shaanxi Province is clearly slow,and the gap is widening from the average national level;except 2001 and 2002,the average property income of urban and rural residents of Shaanxi Province kept a great difference;the proportion of rural residents’ property income is very small,basically not higher than 3%;there is a significant correlation between the property income and gross income of farmers in Shaanxi Province.Energetically developing rural economy and increasing farmers’ property are favorable to growth of farmers’ property income.

  20. Development Strategy of Sugarcane Industry in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yue-gui; WU Jian-tao; YANG Jun-xian; LI Qi-wei; XIE Jing; PAN Fang-yin; WU Wen-long; LIU Fu-ye; DENG Hai-hua; QI Yong-wen

    2012-01-01

    Guangdong Province is one of the main producing areas of sugarcane in China, and one of China’s three regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, having good basis and conditions for developing sugarcane industry. In this research, using the SWOT-AHP method, we set 20 assessment indicators (such as the regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, huge demand for domestic sugar, increased production costs and backward system of sugarcane), to analyze the development strategy of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, from strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of sugarcane industrial development in Guangdong Province. The results show that in order to promote the development of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, it is necessary to adopt the SO development strategy (relying on its own strengths and using favorable external environment), to achieve the rapid development.

  1. STRATEGY OF MAIZE'S CONCENTRATING TO ADVANTAGE AREAS IN JILIN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Hui-ming; GU Li-li

    2003-01-01

    Jilin Province is one of the main grain-producing provinces of China, which has dominant position in maize production, by the view of its advantages in policy, location, breed and market. And after entering WTO,some measures have been taken to enhance maize competitive ability. But there are some difficulties in concentrating production to maize advantaged areas. This paper expounds the basis that Jilin Province becomes the advantage area of maize, analyzes the problems and puts forward the supporting policy. Some strategic measures are proposed,as developing comparable advantages, carrying out the strategy of un-equilibrium development and cultivating advantaged product areas of maize to rapidly improve the international competitive ability and productivity of maize in Jilin Province, cast the agricultural predicament off and promote the agricultural development into a new stage.

  2. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #3

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  3. Geologic provinces of Iran, 2000 (prv2cg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set includes arcs, polygons, and polygon labels for geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by R.M. Pollastro based on numerous...

  4. Developing Potential of Low-carbon Agriculture in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Hui; Li Cui-xia; Chen Yao; Fu Rao

    2012-01-01

    Based on the trace of origin and development process of low-carbon economy, the paper defined the concept of low- carbon agriculture. As a case, the development of low-carbon advantage and disadvantage of agriculture in Heilongjiang Province made a systematic analysis of factors; it based on the empirical and comparative analysis of low-carbon development in Heilongjiang Province and put forward countermeasures and suggestions of agriculture. At last, the low-carbon agriculture was prospected in the future.

  5. Pharmacovigilance in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Bárzaga Arencibia, Z.; López Leyva, A.; Mejías Peña, Y.; González Reyes, A.R.; Fernández Manzano, E.; Choonara, Imti

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Our aim was to describe the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) detected following increased education about pharmacovigilance and drug toxicity in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba. Methods: Over a period of 24 months (January 2009 to December 2010), all reports of suspected ADRs in children to the Provincial Pharmacovigilance Centre in Camagüey Province were analysed. ADRs were classified in relation to causality and severity. Results: There were 533 reports involvi...

  6. Measuring drought and drought impacts in Red Sea Province, Sudan

    OpenAIRE

    Cole, R.

    1989-01-01

    Metadata only record The report assesses the 1987 and 1988 drought in Red Sea Province, Sudan putting it in the wider context of other droughts and floods, and the impact of food aid on the province. There are three major coping strategies employed in times of drought, which are essentially intensification of activities already performed. The first of these involves food consumption reduction, the consumption of bush foods, borrowing, the sale of livestock, and herd splitting. The medial r...

  7. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta) in the Opole Province (Poland)

    OpenAIRE

    Stebel Adam

    2014-01-01

    Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp.) Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  8. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta in the Opole Province (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stebel Adam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp. Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  9. Geographical clustering of lung cancer in the province of Lecce, Italy: 1992-2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilancia, Massimo; Fedespina, Alessandro

    2009-07-01

    The triennial mortality rates for lung cancer in the two decades 1981-2001 in the province of Lecce, Italy, are significantly higher than those for the entire region of Apulia (to which the Province of Lecce belongs) and the national reference rates. Moreover, analyzing the rates in the three-year periods 1993-95, 1996-98 and 1999-01, there is a dramatic increase in mortality for both males and females, which still remains essentially unexplained: to understand the extent of this phenomenon, it is worth noting that the standardized mortality rate for males in 1999-01 is equal to 13.92 per 10000 person-years, compared to a value of 6.96 for Italy in the 2000-2002 period.These data have generated a considerable concern in the press and public opinion, which with little scientific reasoning have sometimes identified suspected culprits of the risk excess (for example, the emission caused by a number of large industrial sites located in the provinces of Brindisi and Taranto, bordering the Province of Lecce). The objective of this paper is to study on a scientifically sound basis the spatial distribution of risk for lung cancer mortality in the province of Lecce. Our goal is to demonstrate that most of the previous explanations are not supported by data: to this end, we will follow a hybrid approach that combines both frequentist and Bayesian disease mapping methods. Furthermore, we define a new sequential algorithm based on a modified version of the Besag-York-Mollié (BYM) model, suitably modified to detect geographical clusters of disease. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for lung cancer in the province of Lecce: For males, the relative risk (measured by means of SMR, i.e. the ratio between observed and expected cases in each area under internal standardization) was judged to be significantly greater than 1 in many municipal areas, the significance being evaluated under the null hypothesis of neutral risk on the ground of area-specific p-values (denoted by rhoi

  10. Geographical clustering of lung cancer in the province of Lecce, Italy: 1992–2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilancia, Massimo; Fedespina, Alessandro

    2009-01-01

    Background The triennial mortality rates for lung cancer in the two decades 1981–2001 in the province of Lecce, Italy, are significantly higher than those for the entire region of Apulia (to which the Province of Lecce belongs) and the national reference rates. Moreover, analyzing the rates in the three-year periods 1993–95, 1996–98 and 1999–01, there is a dramatic increase in mortality for both males and females, which still remains essentially unexplained: to understand the extent of this phenomenon, it is worth noting that the standardized mortality rate for males in 1999–01 is equal to 13.92 per 10000 person-years, compared to a value of 6.96 for Italy in the 2000–2002 period. These data have generated a considerable concern in the press and public opinion, which with little scientific reasoning have sometimes identified suspected culprits of the risk excess (for example, the emission caused by a number of large industrial sites located in the provinces of Brindisi and Taranto, bordering the Province of Lecce). The objective of this paper is to study on a scientifically sound basis the spatial distribution of risk for lung cancer mortality in the province of Lecce. Our goal is to demonstrate that most of the previous explanations are not supported by data: to this end, we will follow a hybrid approach that combines both frequentist and Bayesian disease mapping methods. Furthermore, we define a new sequential algorithm based on a modified version of the Besag-York-Mollié (BYM) model, suitably modified to detect geographical clusters of disease. Results Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for lung cancer in the province of Lecce: For males, the relative risk (measured by means of SMR, i.e. the ratio between observed and expected cases in each area under internal standardization) was judged to be significantly greater than 1 in many municipal areas, the significance being evaluated under the null hypothesis of neutral risk on the ground of area

  11. Geographical clustering of lung cancer in the province of Lecce, Italy: 1992–2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedespina Alessandro

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The triennial mortality rates for lung cancer in the two decades 1981–2001 in the province of Lecce, Italy, are significantly higher than those for the entire region of Apulia (to which the Province of Lecce belongs and the national reference rates. Moreover, analyzing the rates in the three-year periods 1993–95, 1996–98 and 1999–01, there is a dramatic increase in mortality for both males and females, which still remains essentially unexplained: to understand the extent of this phenomenon, it is worth noting that the standardized mortality rate for males in 1999–01 is equal to 13.92 per 10000 person-years, compared to a value of 6.96 for Italy in the 2000–2002 period. These data have generated a considerable concern in the press and public opinion, which with little scientific reasoning have sometimes identified suspected culprits of the risk excess (for example, the emission caused by a number of large industrial sites located in the provinces of Brindisi and Taranto, bordering the Province of Lecce. The objective of this paper is to study on a scientifically sound basis the spatial distribution of risk for lung cancer mortality in the province of Lecce. Our goal is to demonstrate that most of the previous explanations are not supported by data: to this end, we will follow a hybrid approach that combines both frequentist and Bayesian disease mapping methods. Furthermore, we define a new sequential algorithm based on a modified version of the Besag-York-Mollié (BYM model, suitably modified to detect geographical clusters of disease. Results Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs for lung cancer in the province of Lecce: For males, the relative risk (measured by means of SMR, i.e. the ratio between observed and expected cases in each area under internal standardization was judged to be significantly greater than 1 in many municipal areas, the significance being evaluated under the null hypothesis of neutral risk on

  12. DEMAND FOR BEEF IN THE PROVINCE OF YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistiya

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available RACT Protein consumption level of society in Yogyakarta Province has yet to meet the target, but the beef is a source of animal protein that is easily obtainable. Therefore, research on the analysis of demand for beef in this province needs to be done. Objective: (1 Determine the factors that affect the demand for beef in Yogyakarta. (2 Determine the own price elasticity and income elasticity of demand for beef in this province, and to know the cross-price elasticity of demand for beef to changes in the price of mutton, chicken, rice, and cooking oil. Metode: descriptive statistics, followed by inductive statistics , and hypothesis testing. The data used are primary and secondary data. Data were analyzed by multiple linear regression with the value of t and F tests, and analysis of the coefficient of determination. Results: Taken together, the factors that affect the demand for beef in the province is the price of beef, mutton, chicken, rice, cooking oil, income, number of inhabitants. Individually, beef demand is influenced by the price of beef and income residents. Beef inelastic demand means that beef is the daily necessities that are affordable and easy to obtain population of Yogyakarta Province. The increase in income population does not add to demand for beef. Substitutes of beef in the province is goat and chicken, while the complementary goods are rice and cooking oil.

  13. Municipal solid waste management in Cartago province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia M. Soto-Córdoba

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper resumes the principals results obtained by the grant EUROPEAID/126635/M/ACT/CR”, that was realized by FUNDATEC, and whose bene­ficiary was the “Federación de Municipalidades de Cartago, Costa Rica”, the Project received a funding of 74,920 euros. We work with all the Municipalities of the Cartago Province. In addition, we show the results of the interviews of social actors, visits to the recycle sites, visits of municipalities, during the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, and the review of literature. We describe the actual situation of the management of solid waste in Cartago, determinate the gene­ration rates by person and identified the principal landfill disposes, the recycle companies and deter­minate the main problems associated with the solid waste. It is hope that the information presented here, pro­vides the basis for the future construction of plans of municipal solid waste management, and for the capacitation of community organization in the pro­vince of Cartago.

  14. Church Tourism in Batangas Province, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAYZEL ANN. T. DE CASTRO

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Church tourism has clearly increased over the past ten years. Churches are an important part of the tourism product of many parts of the country. This study aimed to determine the contribution of the churches in terms of social, cultural and economic aspects of the place, to identify the problems encountered in the promoting church tourism and propose plan of action to sustain the tourism of the Province of Batangas through churches. The researchers used the descriptive method of research and utilized self-made questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument of the study. The respondents were consisting of 5 people in the offices of the pilgrim churches from Batangas City and 10 churchgoers. The respondents agree that pilgrim churches contribute to tourism in terms of social and economics aspect while they strongly agree in term of cultural aspect. The most commonly experienced problems were the accessibility of the transportation and an action plan was proposed to address the problems encountered. The recommendation addressed that roving guards should be provided to ensure the safety and security of the tourists during their visit in the church. The church personnel may provide creative and command activities that will encourage people. Also they may have a briefing about the history of the church so that if visitor needs information it easy for them to answer and an action plan may be implemented to solve the problem encountered.

  15. ICT Strategic Planning for Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Shojaie

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Today, regarding rapid changes in the environment, any organization, institution or country that overlooks its capabilities, strengths and weaknesses, will face real challenges. Strategic planning in organizations is a common response to these challenges which also facilitate achieving goals in an organization. Today, the importance of ICT is increased, which necessitates ICT strategic planning to use ICT in organizations. So, this study aimed to propose ICT strategic plans for Mazandaran province. For this end, at first using stakeholders' viewpoints, the vision, mission and goals are provided. Then, Internal & External Matrix was suggested and identified factors were ranked using Analytic Network Processing (ANP. Then, concerning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and using SWOT analysis, ICT strategies were provided. Finally, using QSPM matrix, the strategies were ranked. Regarding this ranking, dedicated budget to ICT in governmental organizations, using integration architecture, developing organizational and inter-organizational information systems, developing mechanisms to absorb national and local financial resources for extending ICT infrastructures and finally concerning ICT trainings for managers and people, were in the top of the list.

  16. Delegation from University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy Visits Sichuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan; You

    2016-01-01

    At the invitation of the CPAFFC,a 20-member student delegation from the Harris School of Public Policy at the University of Chicago visited Sichuan province for academic study and friendly exchanges March 22-24.The visit was organized by the ChinaUS Exchange Foundation.The foundation was founded in Hong Kong in 2008 by Dong Jianhua,

  17. Attractive methods for tracking minibus taxis for public transport regulatory purposes

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Zyl, JE

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available When a country, province or municipality wants to have a integrated public transport system in place, all modes of transport should work together with the aim of moving passengers effectively and hassle free to and from their destinations. Several...

  18. HRM Practices in Public and Private Universities of Pakistan: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Muhammad Zafar; Arif, Muhammad Irfan; Abbas, Furrakh

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the HRM practices of public and private universities in Punjab province of Pakistan. The data for the study was collected through a questionnaire comprising 30 items mainly related to job definition, training and development, compensation, team work, employee's participation and performance appraisal. The…

  19. Experiences related to the role of a cost centre manager in a public ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Experiences related to the role of a cost centre manager in a public hospital in Limpopo Province, ... Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. ... The purpose of a cost centre is to control clinical and administrative costs, as well as ...

  20. Public Relations in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentini, Chiara

    2013-01-01

    of the Excellence Project in Public Relations and thus applies a research instrument similar to that used in other international scholarly investigations in public relations. The population comprises civil servants working in information and communication activities for Italian public administrations. Findings...... relations. Research limitations: Due to a lack of information on the exact number of public communication officers working in the Italian public administration and a too small number of respondents in one of the respondent groups, it is not possible to draw inferences or general conclusions from...... the findings. The study also suffers from the limits of a quantitative research approach, which provides less elaborate accounts of public communication officers’ perceptions of the strategic role of communication in the public sector. Originality/value of paper: This study contributes to the existing...

  1. Dengue dynamics in Binh Thuan province, southern Vietnam: periodicity, synchronicity and climate variability.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoa T D Thai

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Dengue is a major global public health problem with increasing incidence and geographic spread. The epidemiology is complex with long inter-epidemic intervals and endemic with seasonal fluctuations. This study was initiated to investigate dengue transmission dynamics in Binh Thuan province, southern Vietnam. METHODOLOGY: Wavelet analyses were performed on time series of monthly notified dengue cases from January 1994 to June 2009 (i to detect and quantify dengue periodicity, (ii to describe synchrony patterns in both time and space, (iii to investigate the spatio-temporal waves and (iv to associate the relationship between dengue incidence and El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO indices in Binh Thuan province, southern Vietnam. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We demonstrate a continuous annual mode of oscillation and a multi-annual cycle of around 2-3-years was solely observed from 1996-2001. Synchrony in time and between districts was detected for both the annual and 2-3-year cycle. Phase differences used to describe the spatio-temporal patterns suggested that the seasonal wave of infection was either synchronous among all districts or moving away from Phan Thiet district. The 2-3-year periodic wave was moving towards, rather than away from Phan Thiet district. A strong non-stationary association between ENSO indices and climate variables with dengue incidence in the 2-3-year periodic band was found. CONCLUSIONS: A multi-annual mode of oscillation was observed and these 2-3-year waves of infection probably started outside Binh Thuan province. Associations with climatic variables were observed with dengue incidence. Here, we have provided insight in dengue population transmission dynamics over the past 14.5 years. Further studies on an extensive time series dataset are needed to test the hypothesis that epidemics emanate from larger cities in southern Vietnam.

  2. Time analysis of fatal traffic accidents in Fars Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heydari Seyed Taghi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】 Objective: To analyze the time factor in road traffic accidents (RTAs in Fars Province of Iran. Methods: This study was conducted in Fars Province, Iran from November 22, 2009 to November 21, 2011. Victims’ information consisted of age, sex, death toll involving dri-vers or passengers of cars, motorcycles and pedestrians, and site of injury etc. Accidents were analyzed in relation to hour of the day, season of the year, lighting condition in-cluding sunrise, sunset, daytime and nighttime. Results: A total of 3 642 deaths (78.3% were males, and the ratio of males to females was about 3.6:1 were studied regarding their autopsy records. There was a steady in-crease in fatal accidents occurring at midnight to 15:59. The risk of being involved in a fatal traffic accident was higher for those injured between 4:00 to 7:59 than at other times (OR=2.13, 95% CI 1.85-2.44. The greatest number of fatal RTAs took place in summer. Mortalities due to RTA during spring and summer were more pronounced at 20:00 to 23:59 and midnight to 3:59, whereas mortalities in fall and winter were more pronounced from 12:00 to 15:59. Conclusion: The high mortality rate of RTA is a major public health problem in Fars Province. Our results indicate that the time is an important factor which contributes to road traffic deaths. Key words: Accidents, traffic; Epidemiology; Mortality; Iran

  3. Prevalence of parasites in patients with gastroenteritis at East of Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vahedi, Mohammad; Gohardehi, Shaban; Sharif, Mehdi; Daryani, Ahmad

    2012-12-01

    Parasitic gastrointestinal infections are one of the most important health problems in the developing countries, which lead to the onset of intestinal disease particularly diarrhoea. Due to the particular geographic situation in the Mazandaran province, individuals are infected with various intestinal parasites. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of enteropathogenic parasites in the patients with gastroenteritis living at the east of Mazandaran province (Sari, Nekah and Joybar cities), northern Iran. This descriptive study was carried out from September 2009 to March 2010. Faecal samples were collected by randomized cluster method from 962 patients with gastroenteritis who were refered to the Health Service Centers of Sari, Neka and Joybar cities. All data about the patients were recorded in questionnaire. Stool specimens were examined by direct wet mounting, formolether concentration, and Ziehl-Neelsen acid fast stain and Auramin Phenol fluorescence (APF) method for the investigation of Cryptosporidium and Isospora. Prevalence of intestinal parasites and their relationship with gender, age, and season were investigated, and the obtained data were analyzed with χ² test using the SPSS software (16.0). Out of 962 patients with gastroenteritis, overall infection was 9.1%; Giardia lamblia (4.1%) with the highest and Enterobius vermicularis (0.2%) with the lowest prevalence rate. Prevalence rate of other parasites were as follow: Cryptosporidium, 0.1%; Entamoeba histolytica, 0.1%; Chilomastix mesnili, 0.1%; Entamoeba coli, 1.2%; Blastocytis hominis, 1.8%; Trichostrongylus spp., 0.4% and Hymenolepis nana, 0.9%. Findings showed that Giardia is the most common cause of intestinal infection at the east of Mazandaran province, and could be defined as the most important parasitic agent of gastroenteritis. On the other hand, infection with enteropathogenic parasites as compared with the previous reports showed significant decline, which reveals the

  4. Impact of Climate Change on Heat-Related Mortality in Jiangsu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kai; Horton, Radley M.; Bader, Daniel A.; Lesk, Corey; Jiang, Leiwen; Jones, Bryan; Zhou, Lian; Chen, Xiaodong; Bi, Jun; Kinney, Patrick L.

    2017-01-01

    A warming climate is anticipated to increase the future heat-related total mortality in urban areas. However, little evidence has been reported for cause-specific mortality or nonurban areas. Here we assessed the impact of climate change on heat-related total and cause-specific mortality in both urban and rural counties of Jiangsu Province, China, in the next five decades. To address the potential uncertainty in projecting future heat-related mortality, we applied localized urban- and nonurban-specific exposure response functions, six population projections including a no population change scenario and five Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), and 42 temperature projections from 21 global-scale general circulation models and two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). Results showed that projected warmer temperatures in 2016-2040 and 2041-2065 will lead to higher heat-related mortality for total non-accidental, cardiovascular, respiratory, stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes occurring annually during May to September in Jiangsu Province, China. Nonurban residents in Jiangsu will suffer from more excess heat-related cause-specific mortality in 2016-2065 than urban residents. Variations across climate models and RCPs dominated the uncertainty of heat-related mortality estimation whereas population size change only had limited influence. Our findings suggest that targeted climate change mitigation and adaptation measures should be taken in both urban and nonurban areas of Jiangsu Province. Specific public health interventions should be focused on the leading causes of death (stroke, IHD, and COPD), whose health burden will be amplified by a warming climate.

  5. Characterizing a large outbreak of dengue fever in Guangdong Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Jian-Peng; He, Jian-Feng; Deng, Ai-Ping; Lin, Hua-Liang; Song, Tie; Peng, Zhi-Qiang; Wu, Xiao-Cheng; Liu, Tao; Li, Zhi-Hao; Rutherford, Shannon; Zeng, Wei-Lin; Li, Xing; Ma, Wen-Jun; Zhang, Yong-Hui

    2016-05-03

    Dengue cases have been reported each year for the past 25 years in Guangdong Province, China with a recorded historical peak in 2014. This study aims to describe the epidemiological characteristics of this large outbreak in order to better understand its epidemic factors and to inform control strategies. Data for clinically diagnosed and laboratory-confirmed dengue fever cases in 2014 were extracted from the China Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting System. We analyzed the incidence and characteristics of imported and indigenous cases in terms of population, temporal and spatial distributions. A total of 45 224 dengue fever cases and 6 deaths were notified in Guangdong Province in 2014, with an incidence of 47.3 per 100 000 people. The elderly (65+ years) represented 11.7 % of total indigenous cases with the highest incidence (72.3 per 100 000). Household workers and the unemployed accounted for 23.1 % of indigenous cases. The majority of indigenous cases occurred in the 37(th) to 44(th) week of 2014 (September and October) and almost all (20 of 21) prefecture-level cities in Guangdong were affected. Compared to the non-Pearl River Delta Region, the Pearl River Delta Region accounted for the majority of dengue cases and reported cases earlier in 2014. Dengue virus serotypes 1 (DENV-1), 2 (DENV-2) and 3 (DENV-3) were detected and DENV-1 was predominant (88.4 %). Dengue fever is a serious public health problem and is emerging as a continuous threat in Guangdong Province. There is an urgent need to enhance dengue surveillance and control, especially for the high-risk populations in high-risk areas.

  6. Impact of Climate Change on Heat-Related Mortality in Jiangsu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kai; Horton, Radley M.; Bader, Daniel A.; Lesk, Corey; Jiang, Leiwen; Jones, Bryan; Zhou, Lian; Chen, Xiaodong; Bi, Jun; Kinney, Patrick L.

    2017-01-01

    A warming climate is anticipated to increase the future heat-related total mortality in urban areas. However, little evidence has been reported for cause-specific mortality or nonurban areas. Here we assessed the impact of climate change on heat-related total and cause-specific mortality in both urban and rural counties of Jiangsu Province, China, in the next five decades. To address the potential uncertainty in projecting future heat-related mortality, we applied localized urban- and nonurban-specific exposure response functions, six population projections including a no population change scenario and five Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), and 42 temperature projections from 21 global-scale general circulation models and two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). Results showed that projected warmer temperatures in 2016-2040 and 2041-2065 will lead to higher heat-related mortality for total non-accidental, cardiovascular, respiratory, stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes occurring annually during May to September in Jiangsu Province, China. Nonurban residents in Jiangsu will suffer from more excess heat-related cause-specific mortality in 2016-2065 than urban residents. Variations across climate models and RCPs dominated the uncertainty of heat-related mortality estimation whereas population size change only had limited influence. Our findings suggest that targeted climate change mitigation and adaptation measures should be taken in both urban and nonurban areas of Jiangsu Province. Specific public health interventions should be focused on the leading causes of death (stroke, IHD, and COPD), whose health burden will be amplified by a warming climate.

  7. The Epidemiologic Status of Scorpion Stings in Qom Province, 2001-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saghafipour A

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractBackgrounds and Aims: In the tropical regions of Iran, scorpion stings are one of the most important medical and health problems. Knowing about their epidemiologic aspects might lead to the employment of appropriate preventive methods. Therefore, these studies were done in Qom province for this purpose.Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive cross-sectional study which has been done in all of the urban and rural areas of Qom province from 2001 to 2011, and all the cases which were referred to the only available hospital were assessed, examined, treated and subsequently followed. Finally, a questionnaire including demographic, epidemiologic and clinical data was completed for the patients. Chi square tests were used for the evaluation of the hypothesis.Results: In total, 790 cases of scorpion stings were referred to the hospital during the period of study. Most of the cases were males (60.25% in the 10-24 age groups. The most cases occurred during spring and summer. Hands and feet were the most common location of scorpion stings. 18.7 % of envenomed cases were due to black scorpions. 74.4 % of cases were from rural regions. 77.2% of the sufferers slept outdoors and on the ground. 20.5% of cases were surrounded by timber, dust and building materials.Conclusion: Based on these findings, scorpion stings are considered a public health problem in Qom province. Consequently, it is necessary to introduce health education programs for personal protection, in order to prevent possible injuries from scorpions, especially for the boy students that reside in rural areas. Also the villagers should use proper beds to sleep in the outdoors.

  8. Spatio-temporal transmission and environmental determinants of Schistosomiasis Japonica in Anhui Province, China.

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    Yi Hu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Schistosomiasis japonica still remains of public health and economic significance in China, especially in the lake and marshland areas along the Yangtze River Basin, where the control of transmission has proven difficult. In the study, we investigated spatio-temporal variations of S. japonicum infection risk in Anhui Province and assessed the associations of the disease with key environmental factors with the aim of understanding the mechanism of the disease and seeking clues to effective and sustainable schistosomiasis control.Infection data of schistosomiasis from annual conventional surveys were obtained at the village level in Anhui Province, China, from 2000 to 2010 and used in combination with environmental data. The spatio-temporal kriging model was used to assess how these environmental factors affected the spatio-temporal pattern of schistosomiasis risk. Our results suggested that seasonal variation of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI, seasonal variation of land surface temperature at daytime (LSTD, and distance to the Yangtze River were negatively significantly associated with risk of schistosomiasis. Predictive maps showed that schistosomiasis prevalence remained at a low level and schistosomiasis risk mainly evolved along the Yangtze River. Schistosomiasis risk also followed a focal spatial pattern, fluctuating temporally with a peak (the largest spatial extent in 2005 and then contracting gradually but with a scattered distribution until 2010.The fitted spatio-temporal kriging model can capture variations of schistosomiasis risk over space and time. Combined with techniques of geographic information system (GIS and remote sensing (RS, this approach facilitates and enriches risk modeling of schistosomiasis, which in turn helps to identify prior areas for effective and sustainable control of schistosomiasis in Anhui Province and perhaps elsewhere in China.

  9. Time analysis of fatal traffic accidents in Fars Province of Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Seyed Taghi Heydari; Amin Hoseinzadeh; Yaser Sarikhani; Arya Hedjazi; Mohammad Zarenezhad; Ghasem Moafian; Mohammad Reza Aghabeigi

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the time factor in road traffic accidents (RTAs) in Fars Province of Iran.Methods:This study was conducted in Fars Province,Iran from November 22,2009 to November 21,2011.Victims'information consisted of age,sex,death toll involving drivers or passengers of cars,motorcycles and pedestrians,and site of injury etc.Accidents were analyzed in relation to hour of the day,season of the year,lighting condition including sunrise,sunset,daytime and nighttime.Results:Atotal of 3 642 deaths (78.3% were males,and the ratio of males to females was about 3.6:1) were studied regarding their autopsy records.There was a steady increase in fatal accidents occurring at midnight to 15:59.The risk of being involved in a fatal traffic accident was higher for those injured between 4:00 to 7:59 than at other times (OR=2.13,95% CI 1.85-2.44).The greatest number of fatal RTAs took place in summer.Mortalities due to RTA during spring and summer were more pronounced at 20:00 to 23:59and midnight to 3:59,whereas mortalities in fall and winter were more pronounced from 12:00 to 15:59.Conclusion:The high mortality rate ofRTAis a major public health problem in Fars Province.Our results indicate that the time is an important factor which contributes to road traffic deaths.

  10. Hard Ticks on Domestic Ruminants and their SeasonalPopulation Dynamics in Yazd Province, Iran

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    Y Salim abadi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ticks are the main vectors for transmission of different pathogens to human and animals. This survey was performed to find out distribution of ticks, which infested the domestic ruminants in Yazd Province, central Iran during year 2008-2009.Methods: A total number of 30 villages from both mountainous (20% and plateau (80% regions of the province were selected randomly. Ticks were colleted from the body of infested animals and transported to the laboratory of Medical Entomology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and then were identified to space level using valid identification key.Results: A total of 583 hard ticks were collected. The ticks were classified into three genera and 7 species including:  Hyalomma dromedarii (55.92%, Hy. marginatum (13.20%, Hy. anatolicum (9.78%, Hy. detritum (4.98%,  Hy. asiaticum (3.94%, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (11.84%, and Dermacentor marginatus (0.34%. The highest seasonal activities occurred in summer. The prevalence of the Ixodidae ticks was more evident in plateaus area in Yazd Province. Among the hosts including: cow, goat, sheep and camel, the ticks that collected from camel was more prevalent. The ratio of male was more than female ticks. Hyalomma. dromedarii was the predominant tick species and accounted for 55.92% of the ticks.Conclusion: Some of the collected ticks may play an important role for transmission of vector borne disease to human; therefore, the results of this study will provide a clue for vectors of tick-borne diseases in the region for local authorities for implementation of disease control.

  11. Public Value Dimensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, lotte bøgh; Beck Jørgensen, Torben; Kjeldsen, Anne-Mette

    2012-01-01

    Further integration of the public value literature with other strands of literature within Public Administration necessitates a more specific classification of public values. This paper applies a typology linked to organizational design principles, because this is useful for empirical public...... administration studies. Based on an existing typology of modes of governance, we develop a classification and test it empirically, using survey data from a study of the values of 501 public managers. We distinguish between seven value dimensions (the public at large, rule abidance, societal interests, budget...... the integration between the public value literature and other parts of the Public Administration discipline....

  12. Comparing Organizational Learning Rates in Public and Non-Profit Schools in Qom Province of Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarei Matin, Hassan; Jandaghi, Gholamreza; Moini, Boshra

    2007-01-01

    Regarding the increased complexity and dynamics of environmental factors and rapid changes, traditional organizations are not longer able to match with such changes and are destroying. Hence, as a tool for survival and matching with these changes, learning organizations are highly considered by many firms and corporations. What you are reading, is…

  13. Iglesia parroquial de la virgen de la consolación en Sassuolo de Modena (Italia

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    Manfredini, Enea

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available The church, sited north of the town in a magnificent ancient garden park, consist of a whole uncovered reinforced concrete structure. The covering, independent with respect to the inner spaces, has a square plan with a central opening. Four circular columns support the four main roof beams upon which are set, at short intervals, reinforced concrete ribs with a constant width and a variable high. The wide glazed fascia between the covering and the external wall characterize the architectural image of the building.La iglesia, realizada en el Norte de la ciudad e insertada en un magnifico parque secular, tiene una estructura enteramente de hormigón armado visto. La cubierta, independiente de la articulación de los espacios internos, consiste en una planta cuadrada con una abertura central. Cuatro columnas circulares sostienen las cuatro vigas principales sobre las cuales se sitúan, a cortos intervalos, las ménsulas de hormigón armado de ancho constante y de altura variable. Una banda alta acristalada entre el paramento perimetral externo y la cubierta completan la composición arquitectónica de la obra.

  14. Cultural Industry Park Project in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ 1.1 The Contents of the Construction of the Park Four functional areas in the Park,including Changbai Mountain Historio-cultural Performance Park,Changbai Mountain Folk Culture Park,Changbai Mountain Ginseng Culture Park and the entertainment service area.At the same time,matching public facilities will also be constructed.

  15. Public health nurses' primary health care practice: strategies for fostering citizen participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aston, Megan; Meagher-Stewart, Donna; Edwards, Nancy; Young, Linda M

    2009-01-01

    Citizen participation is heralded as a critical element of community health programs that emphasize empowerment and health promotion strategies. Although there is a growing body of research on public health nurses' primary health care practice, few studies have described how public health nurses foster citizen participation. This article presents findings from an interpretive qualitative study of public health nurses' perceptions of their role in fostering citizen participation in an eastern Canadian province at a time of significant health care restructuring. The findings from this study clearly profile public health nurses as integral to the practice of fostering citizen participation.

  16. Public Participation in Land Use Planning:Values and Case Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Objective:we want to explore values and methods of public participation in land use planning through analysis on values of public participation and case of Ji’an County in Jiangxi Province.Methods:document and data method,case analysis method,qualitative and quantitative combined methods.Results:public participation in land use plays a positive role in improving science and practice of planning.Conclusions:preparation and implementation of land use planning should manifest human-oriented,public participation,wisdom of the masses,scientific demonstration,and democratic decision-making.

  17. Crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China based on seismic ambient noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Guanghua; Feng, Jikun; Lin, Jun

    2016-11-01

    We imaged the crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China with fundamental mode Rayleigh waves recorded by 60 broadband stations deployed in the region. Surface-wave empirical Green's functions were retrieved from cross-correlations of inter-station data and phase velocity dispersions were measured using a frequency-time analysis method. Dispersion measurements were then utilized to construct 2D phase velocity maps for periods between 5 and 35 s. Subsequently, the phase-dispersion curves extracted from each cell of the 2D phase velocity maps were inverted to determine the 3D shear wave velocity structures of the crust. The phase velocity maps at different periods reflected the average velocity structures corresponding to different depth ranges. The maps in short periods, in particular, were in excellent agreement with known geological features of the surface. In addition to imaging shear wave velocity structures of the volcanoes, we show that obvious low-velocity anomalies imaged in the Changbaishan-Tianchi Volcano, the Longgang-Jinlongdingzi Volcano, and the system of the Dunmi Fault crossing the Jingbohu Volcano, all of which may be due to geothermal anomalies.

  18. Edible Macrofungi of Çorum Province

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    Sinan Alkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the scientists, the world's population by 2050 is estimated to exceed 9 billion, in order to meet the nutritional needs of people, it is expected that in the future to need more food production than today. Therefore in the world, food organizations, institutions and communities various action plans provide in the reports published. In these plans, diversification of the production, fast, quick and easy way to produce food, less harmful farming practices to the nature and the environment, and etc. topics are included. In line these plans with last years, the greater the number of species used as food and with ease of cultivation, mushrooms and mushroom cultivations are gaining importance. For this purpose, the determination of the diversity of edible mushrooms in nature and investigation that how can be taken to culture, it will also provide support to the production of different species of mushrooms. In the field studies performed between 2011 and 2013, after taking pictures on their habitats mushroom samples, collected within the Çorum province limits, were brought to the laboratory wrapped in aluminum foil properly. After measuring and studying on special structures under a microscope in the laboratory, they were identified according to the literature. Fungarium tag were prepared for identified mushrooms. These mushrooms, made into the Fungarium materials, were stored in Fungarium of the Directorate of Mushroom Application and Research Centre of Selçuk University. In conclusion, according to the literature four taxa belong to Ascomycota and 52 taxa belong to Basidiomycota, in totally of 56 taxa were found to be edible feature. These 56 taxa were represented by two divisio, four ordo and 14 families. The localities of identified species in the provincial boundaries are given. The names of species known among people with ethno mycological research, done during field studies, also were detected.

  19. An Overview: Forest Carbon Accounting (Case Study Ulu Masen Ecosystem Aceh Province, Indonesia

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    Merlinta Anggilia

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This thesis is descriptive qualitative research of forest carbon accounting and Ulu Masen Ecosystem of Aceh Province where included in REDD projects for Carbon Trading scenario. The data which is applied in this research are primary data from the field in Ulu Masen Ecosystem Aceh Province and secondary data of International references worldwide related to this issue. The main purpose of this research is to reveal further overview of forest carbon accounting, REDD issues and promote them into publics, accountants, economist as the main role of accountants are not focusing in financial, banking, insurance only but also as social and environment accountants. To probe the Islamic outlook towards these issues and acknowledge local community where REDD projects upcoming to. The research gained information of Aceh Government initiative to have carbon trading of carbon offsets as REDD scheme scenario based on both in Voluntary Carbon Offsets (VCO and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM market. Nowadays, both Aceh Government and Merrill Lynch have committed to get carbon trading for 750,000 hectares of Aceh forests in Ulu Masen Ecosystem in total of US $ 9 Million over next 30 years, right after Aceh Government gain verification audit of carbon storage in the ecosystem internationally.JEL Classification : M0, M41, N55, L31Key words: Forest carbon accounting, carbon trading, REDD, Ulu Masen ecosystem

  20. Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae Mosquitoes in Chabahar County, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, Southeastern Iran

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    SH Moosa-Kazemi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available  Background: Mosquito-borne diseases are a major public health threat in Iran. The objective of this study was to de­ter­mine the fauna of culicinae mosquitoes for future mosquito control programs.Methods: Three genera and eleven species of the subfamily Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae were collected by dipping tech­nique and identified in Chabahar County, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, southeastern Iran, during January, Feb­ru­ary, and March 2007.Results: The collected species included:  Aedes vexans (new occurrence record for the province, Culex  arbieeni, Cx. bitaeniorhynchus, Cx. deserticola, Cx. hortensis, Cx. perexiguus, Cx. pipiens, Cx.  pseudovishnui, Cx. pusillus, Cx. quinquefasciatus, Cx. sinaiticus, Cx. theileri, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, Culiseta longiareolata, Ochlerotatus cabal­lus, Oc. caspius, and Uranotaenia unguiculata.Conclusion: Our observations indicate that, in South of Iran hot and wet climatic conditions support the persistence of culicinae mosquitoes. As our study, regular monitoring of culicinae mosquitoes in this area could be the most use­ful for mosquito control and mosquito-borne disease prevention.

  1. Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae Mosquitoes in Chabahar County, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, Southeastern Iran

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    SH Moosa-Kazemi

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available   Abstract Background: Mosquito-borne diseases are a major public health threat in Iran. The objective of this study was to de­ter­mine the fauna of culicinae mosquitoes for future mosquito control programs."nMethods: Three genera and eleven species of the subfamily Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae were collected by dipping tech­nique and identified in Chabahar County, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, southeastern Iran, during January, Feb­ru­ary, and March 2007."nResults: The collected species included:  Aedes vexans (new occurrence record for the province, Culex  arbieeni, Cx. bitaeniorhynchus, Cx. deserticola, Cx. hortensis, Cx. perexiguus, Cx. pipiens, Cx.  pseudovishnui, Cx. pusillus, Cx. quinquefasciatus, Cx. sinaiticus, Cx. theileri, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, Culiseta longiareolata, Ochlerotatus cabal­lus, Oc. caspius, and Uranotaenia unguiculata."nConclusion: Our observations indicate that, in South of Iran hot and wet climatic conditions support the persistence of culicinae mosquitoes. As our study, regular monitoring of culicinae mosquitoes in this area could be the most use­ful for mosquito control and mosquito-borne disease prevention.

  2. Prevalence of trachoma in 3~7 years old children in Nanzheng County of Shaanxi Province

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    Lin Zhao

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To survey the prevalence of trachoma in children in Nanzheng County of Shaanxi Province and provide the basis for the prevention and treatment.METHODS: An epidemiological survey was carried out in Nanzheng County in 2013. Children aged 3~7 years were selected by a cluster sampling. Fifty elementary school children and 1 533 preschool children were selected for rapid assessment and extend screening of trachoma. All children were examined under magnifying glass by oculist. A simplified trachoma classification system which was recommended by the World Health Organization was adopted in the survey. Statistical significance was calculated using Chi-square tests.RESULTS: For the 50 students aged 6~7 in rural area, there was no active trachoma cases in rapid assessment. In the extended screening in 1 533 children aged 3~6 in country town, no case of active trachoma, trachomatous trichiasis or corneal diseases were examined. CONCLUSION: No active trachoma case was detected in Nanzheng county,which was far below the proportion of 5% in non endemic area according to the WHO criteria and is not a public health problem in Shaanxi province.

  3. Socio-economic factors of bacillary dysentery based on spatial correlation analysis in Guangxi Province, China.

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    Chengjing Nie

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In the past decade, bacillary dysentery was still a big public health problem in China, especially in Guangxi Province, where thousands of severe diarrhea cases occur every year. METHODS: Reported bacillary dysentery cases in Guangxi Province were obtained from local Centers for Diseases Prevention and Control. The 14 socio-economic indexes were selected as potential explanatory variables for the study. The spatial correlation analysis was used to explore the associations between the selected factors and bacillary dysentery incidence at county level, which was based on the software of ArcGIS10.2 and GeoDA 0.9.5i. RESULTS: The proportion of primary industry, the proportion of younger than 5-year-old children in total population, the number of hospitals per thousand persons and the rates of bacillary dysentery incidence show statistically significant positive correlation. But the proportion of secondary industry, per capital GDP, per capital government revenue, rural population proportion, popularization rate of tap water in rural area, access rate to the sanitation toilets in rural, number of beds in hospitals per thousand persons, medical and technical personnel per thousand persons and the rate of bacillary dysentery incidence show statistically significant negative correlation. The socio-economic factors can be divided into four aspects, including economic development, health development, medical development and human own condition. The four aspects were not isolated from each other, but interacted with each other.

  4. Lead exposure in adult males in urban Transvaal Province, South Africa during the apartheid era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Catherine A; Cooper, Matthew J; Smith, Martin J; Trueman, Clive N; Schutkowski, Holger

    2013-01-01

    Human exposure to lead is a substantial public health hazard worldwide and is particularly problematic in the Republic of South Africa given the country's late cessation of leaded petrol. Lead exposure is associated with a number of serious health issues and diseases including developmental and cognitive deficiency, hypertension and heart disease. Understanding the distribution of lifetime lead burden within a given population is critical for reducing exposure rates. Femoral bone from 101 deceased adult males living in urban Transvaal Province (now Gauteng Province), South Africa between 1960 and 1998 were analyzed for lead concentration by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). Of the 72 black and 29 white individuals sampled, chronic lead exposure was apparent in nearly all individuals. White males showed significantly higher median bone lead concentration (ME = 10.04 µg·g(-1)), than black males (ME = 3.80 µg·g(-1)) despite higher socioeconomic status. Bone lead concentration covaries significantly, though weakly, with individual age. There was no significant temporal trend in bone lead concentration. These results indicate that long-term low to moderate lead exposure is the historical norm among South African males. Unexpectedly, this research indicates that white males in the sample population were more highly exposed to lead.

  5. Phylogenetic Characteristics of Anthrax Outbreaks in Liaoning Province, China, 2001-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Lingling; Zhang, Enmin; Wang, Zijiang; Li, Yan; Zhou, Hang; Liu, Xuesheng; Zhang, Huijuan; Cai, Hong; Liang, Xudong; Sun, Yingwei; Zhang, Zhikai; Li, Wei; Yao, Wenqing; Wei, Jianchun

    2016-01-01

    Anthrax is a continuous threat in China, especially in rural regions. In July 2015, an anthrax outbreak occurred in Xifeng County, Liaoning Province. A total of 10 cutaneous anthrax cases were reported, with 210 people under medical observation. In this study, the general characteristics of human anthrax outbreak occurred in Liaoning Province were described, and all cases were caused by butchering and contacting sick animal. Meanwhile, the phylogenetic relationship between outbreak-related isolates/samples of the year 2015 and previous Bacillus anthracis strains was analyzed by means of canonical single nucleotide polymorphisms (canSNP), multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) with 15 markers and single-nucleotide repeats (SNR) analysis. There are two canSNP subgroups found in Liaoning, A.Br.001/002 and A.Br.Ames, and a total of six MLVA 15 genotypes and five SNR genotypes were observed. The strain collected from anthrax outbreak in Xifeng County in 2015 was classified as A.Br.001/002 subgroup and identified as MLVA15-29 genotype, with same SNR profile (CL10: 17, CL12: 15, CL33: 29, and CL35: 13). So we conclude that the same clone of B.anthracis caused the anthrax outbreak in Xifeng County in 2015, and this clone is different to previous isolates. Strengthening public health education in China is one of the most important measures to prevent and control anthrax.

  6. Relationship Between Internal Organizational Strategic Planning in Ardabil Province Sports Bureau

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    Ziba Alefi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between internal organizational strategic planning in the sports Ardabil. The study of the purpose and the method is descriptive survey was conducted through random. The population consists of people employed (president, vice president, treasury guard, responsible for public relations, etc. in Ardabil province is sports bureau. According to the Centre for Statistics and Information in 1394 to 714 people. About 214 random samples were selected based on Morgan table. Data was collected using a questionnaire tools of internal organizational factors and for the measurement of strategic planning strategic planning model questionnaire was used. Content validity of the questionnaire approved by the sports management and their reliability by Cronbach’s alpha of 0.86, 0.89, respectively. For the analysis of descriptive statistics including frequency, mean, standard deviation and in inferential statistics, the data were normalized Spearman non-parametric test was used to test the hypotheses and in the end the most important aspects of regression tests for predictive factors were used within the organization on strategic planning. The results showed that among the factors within the organization and its components (management’s commitment to knowledge sharing, knowledge sharing appropriate technology, space, social interaction, trust between staff, reward structures and different positions There is a significant positive relationship with strategic planning. So, based on regression models, we can conclude that internal factors explain the components of the strategic plan for the province sports bureau.

  7. Controlling conservation functions of peat lands at Langgam Sub District, Pelalawan of Riau Province

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    P Astuti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Forest fires in Langgam District, Pelalawan Regency of Riau Province is caused environmental damage which impact on many aspects, especially the social and economic. This study was aimed to identify the natural environment, the impact of deforestation and land, and the potential problems to the spatial environment and to manage of land conservation and the environment. The methodology used in this study-included quantitative analysis with interviews, GIS spatial analysis and qualitative analysis. Results of this study indicated that the destruction of forests covering about 45.71% of total land in Riau Province was peat land. Sixty six percent of the destruction was directed to the use of land and forest production. There were 11 fire spots in the Langgam District. Results of SWOT analysis indicated non-integrated the estate management, lack of coordination among stakeholders, non-integrated institutional management and forestry and plantations, lack of budget, large illegal logging and land conversion made by private and public institutions.

  8. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran:Results from an epidemiological study in urban and rural provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Faezeh Norouzinezhad; Fatemeh Ghaffari; Abbas Norouzinejad; Farzad Kaveh; Mohammad Mehdi Gouya

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To examine the prevalence and clinical manifestations of cutaneous leish-maniasis (CL) in Iran. Methods: This study was conducted in Iran between 2011 and 2013. Sampling, pre-paring, developing, and fixing of suspicious skin lesions were completed in healthcare centers in 31 Iranian provinces as well as in the Academic Reference Laboratory and the National Reference Laboratory. The information was then analyzed at the Ministry of Health's Information Management Center of Contagious Diseases. Results: Over a three-year period, the number of people identified with CL was 56 546. The highest incidence was reported in 2011 (27.5 per 100 000). Wet CL accounted for 43.7% of cases while 43.3% resulted from sporotrichoid leishmaniasis. The results showed that there was a higher incidence of CL due to Leishmania major (50.2%) than to Leishmania tropica. The results of this study found that the highest incidence of CL had happened respectively in Ilam, Fars and, Khorasan Razavi Provinces between 2011 and 2013. Conclusions: Although the incidence of the disease is declining, CL is still a public health concern and disease control protocols need to be established. Therefore, further studies are needed to identify the vectors, reservoirs, and disease species as well as to develop appropriate disease control strategies.

  9. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran: Results from an epidemiological study in urban and rural provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Faezeh Norouzinezhad; Fatemeh Ghaffari; Abbas Norouzinejad; Farzad Kaveh; Mohammad Mehdi Gouya

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To examine the prevalence and clinical manifestations of cutaneous leishmaniasis(CL) in Iran.Methods: This study was conducted in Iran between 2011 and 2013. Sampling, preparing, developing, and fixing of suspicious skin lesions were completed in healthcare centers in 31 Iranian provinces as well as in the Academic Reference Laboratory and the National Reference Laboratory. The information was then analyzed at the Ministry of Health’s Information Management Center of Contagious Diseases.Results: Over a three-year period, the number of people identified with CL was 56 546.The highest incidence was reported in 2011(27.5 per 100 000). Wet CL accounted for 43.7% of cases while 43.3% resulted from sporotrichoid leishmaniasis. The results showed that there was a higher incidence of CL due to Leishmania major(50.2%) than to Leishmania tropica. The results of this study found that the highest incidence of CL had happened respectively in Ilam, Fars and, Khorasan Razavi Provinces between 2011 and 2013.Conclusions: Although the incidence of the disease is declining, CL is still a public health concern and disease control protocols need to be established. Therefore, further studies are needed to identify the vectors, reservoirs, and disease species as well as to develop appropriate disease control strategies.

  10. Etiology of end stage renal disease in dialysis patient in Gilan province

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    M. Khosravi

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The etiology of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD in every community differ according to genetic, nutrition, and public health status. ESRD,the terminal stage of chronic renal failure,needs replacement therapy otherwise could lead to death. The aim of the study is to determine the relative frequency of ESRD etiology in hemodialysis patients of Gilan province. Methods:This descriptive study was performed on 407 patients who were being hemodialysis in all hemodialysis centers of the Gilan province from September 2002 to September 2003. The original data was collected from the medical records of patients. Results: The most prevalent causes were: hypertension 35.4% ; unknown etiology 16.2% ; diabetes melitus 13.8% , glomerulopathies 9.6% , urologic causes 9.1%, cystic kidney diseases 7.6 % ; other causes 5.9 % ; congenital 2.5%. Conclusion: In our study hypertension was the first etiology of ESRD, followed by unknown causes, however nephrology textbooks indicate diabetes melitus as the primary and hypertension as the secondary etiology of ESRD,.

  11. Epidemiology of deaths due to traffic accidents in Kermanshah province (2012

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    Azam Malekifar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The increasing trend of traffic accidents is one of the most serious problems of public health. The aim of this paper was to investigate the fatal traffic accidents in Kermanshah province. Method: All research data required were obtained from Legal Medicine Organization and analyzed by Stata-11 software. Traffic statistics available on the Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization website were used to study the death rate per month and day according to traffic level on suburban highways. Results: The incidence rate of age-standardized deaths due to road traffic accidents was 26.1per 100,000 people, and the mean age of the dead was 39.98±21.60 years. The mortality rate was higher in men, those more than 40 years old, married, illiterate and self-employed. Considering the traffic rate on suburban roads, the highest death rate occurred in the warmest months of the year during the day. Furthermore, most deaths were due to collisions and the highest frequency of death was reported for the car occupants. In most cases, head injuries and head traumas were the final cause of death. A significant correlation was reported between the type of vehicle and the cause of death and how the accident occurred (P<0.05. Conclusion: The mortality rate due to traffic accidents in Kermanshah province is high. Surveillance over the suburban roads in hot seasons and male drivers is of particular importance.

  12. Aquaculture Land-Use Policy: The Case of Clam Farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam

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    Thi Thu Hang NGO

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Policy-making and enforcement remains centralized in Vietnam. Policies have been formulated with less scientific and public justification, thus being largely bureaucratic and infeasible, and in many cases, they have created plagues for people at the grass-roots levels. This article focuses on the implementation of policies related to intertidal land-use and supports for clam farming in the Thaibinh province as a case study to explore the impacts of policies on clam farming and farmers. During the period of 2011–2013, provincial policies on intertidal land allocation and technical and financial supports had boosted clam farming development in the province to a surprising extent. Rapid expansion of the clam farming area has created significant consequences for the farming sector, as well as farmer’s lives. However, for the same provincial policies, but with different enforcement, different farming outcomes for clam farmers in the three study communes have resulted. Where farmers had more of a voice and choice in bidding for the intertidal areas they preferred, they faced fewer problems. It is, thus, suggested that a more decentralized policy-making and enforcement are needed, in which more scientific assessment and farmer participation are required to not only make government policy more successful in supporting farmers and achieving their expected outcomes, but also to provide farmers with more room to make their own farming decisions from which farming and marketing risks could be mitigated.

  13. A study on anti-diabetic and anti-hypertension herbs used in Lorestan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delfan Bahram

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Diabetes and hypertension are amongst the most prevalent diseases in the world, while they can be controlled and prevented, create many problems and complications for affected patients. This study was aimed to identify and report the most important and effective herbs for diabetes and high blood pressure treatment in Lorestan province (West of Iran. Methods: By gathering and integrating indigenous data from local inhabitants of Lorestan, Iran, the goal of this study was accomplished. Data were gathered by cooperation of the agents of public health services network all over the towns of Dorud, Boroujerd, Khorramabad, Aleshtar, Poledokhtar, Aligoodarz, Nurabad and Kouhdasht. Results: Results of this study showed that there were overall 17 medicinal plants which were used for treatment and controlling of diabetes and high blood pressure. Conclusion: Medicinal plants reported in this study are indigenous to the Lorestan province. Some of the foresaid herbs seem to have some unknown therapeutic effects which are reported in this study for the first time, and some others have various known therapeutic effects mentioned in other similar studies. It is essential for researchers to find out the actuality of clinical effectiveness of the herbs and their active substances. Once the positive effects of these herbs proved, it would be possible to produce drugs which are useful in curing and controlling diabetes and hypertension.

  14. Detection of spotted fever group Rickettsiae in ticks from Zhejiang Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jimin; Lin, Junfen; Gong, Zhenyu; Chang, Yue; Ye, Xiaodong; Gu, Shiping; Pang, Weilong; Wang, Chengwei; Zheng, Xiaohua; Hou, Juan; Ling, Feng; Shi, Xuguang; Jiang, Jianmin; Chen, Zhiping; Lv, Huakun; Chai, Chengliang

    2015-03-01

    Tick species distribution and prevalence of spotted fever group Rickettsiae (SFGR) in ticks were investigated in Zhejiang Province, China in 2010 and 2011. PCR was used to detect SFGR and positive amplicons were sequenced, compared to published sequences and phylogenic analysis was performed using MEGA 4.0. A total of 292 adult ticks of ten species were captured and 7.5 % (22/292) of the ticks were PCR-positive for SFG Rickettsia. The PCR-positive rates were 5.5 % (6/110) for Haemaphysalis longicornis, 3.6 % (1/28) for Amblyomma testudinarium and 16 % (15/94) for Ixodes sinensis, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses of gltA genes detected in ticks indicated that there are two dominating groups of SFGR. Sequences of group one were closely related to Rickettsia monacensis, whereas sequences of group two were closest related to Rickettsia heilongjiangensis and Rickettsia japonica, which are human pathogens. Our findings underline the importance of these ticks in public health surveillance in Zhejiang Province, China.

  15. SWOT Analysis of Industrial Development of Double-low Rapeseed in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on SWOT analysis method,this paper conducts analysis on the industrial development environment of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province from the following four aspects,in order to crystallize its resources advantage and disadvantage and make it know the opportunities and challenges that it is faced by.First,advantage analysis:excellent geographic conditions,vigorous government support,powerful scientific research force,sound industrial system support;second,disadvantage analysis:poor quality,low-level fine and deep processing,scant publicity and promotion,lagged infrastructure conditions,shortage of effective market access mechanism and sound industry regulation,no brand effect;opportunity analysis:the opportunities brought by low-carbon economy,the opportunities brought by consumers’ preference,the opportunities brought by policy environment,the opportunities brought by establishment of strategic union;threat analysis:fierce external competition,continuous decline of comparative benefit.The results of research show that in order to promote industrial development of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province,we should implement brand effect strategy,quality management strategy and strategy of deepening industrial system,give full play to existing geographic advantage and other advantages,grasp scarce opportunities and actively confront challenges.

  16. CITTÀ METROPOLITANE E PROVINCE IN ITALIA: ORGANI, FUNZIONI FONDAMENTALI ED ESIGENZE DI RIDUZIONE DELLA SPESA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Cocozza

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the problems derived from the metropolitan cities entities in Italy and the simultaneous reform of the provinces. These two issues are part of a broader and current Italian political debate related to targets for reduction of public spending and have to do with the achievement of a new order of local government different from that established in the Title V of the Italian Constitution after its 2001 reform. After an examination of previous attempts to regulate metropolitan cities entities, the article examines the aspects contained in decree law on spending review (d.l. n. 95/2012. In this way, the article aims to highlight both the difficulties and incoherencies of the identification of administrative functions and of the general structure to be assigned to the new level of government (the metropolitan city, provided in the Italian Constitution in 2001 but not yet established. Consequently, the article considers the effects that this new model has upon the other and already existing levels of government (such as municipalities, as provinces and as regions.

  17. Public health, public trust and lobbying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynia, Matthew K

    2007-06-01

    Each year, infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) leads to millions of abnormal Pap smears and thousands of cases of cervical cancer in the US. Throughout the developing world, where Pap smears are less common, HPV is a leading cause of cancer death among women. So when the international pharmaceutical giant Merck developed a vaccine that could prevent infection with several key strains of HPV, the public health community was anxious to celebrate a major advance. But then marketing and lobbying got in the way. Merck chose to pursue an aggressive lobbying campaign, trying to make its new vaccine mandatory for young girls. The campaign stoked public mistrust about how vaccines come to be mandated, and now it's not just Merck's public image that has taken a hit. The public health community has also been affected. What is the lesson to be learned from this story? Public health communication relies on public trust.

  18. Public relations effectiveness in public health institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springston, Jeffrey K; Weaver Lariscy, Ruth Ann

    2005-01-01

    This article explores public relations effectiveness in public health institutions. First, the two major elements that comprise public relations effectiveness are discussed: reputation management and stakeholder relations. The factors that define effective reputation management are examined, as are the roles of issues and crisis management in building and maintaining reputation. The article also examines the major facets of stakeholder relations, including an inventory of stakeholder linkages and key audiences, such as the media. Finally, methods of evaluating public relations effectiveness at both the program level and the institutional level are explored.

  19. Public private partnerships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miranda Sarmento, J.J.

    2014-01-01

    Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are increasing in number worldwide and are used to build and manage large public infrastructure projects. In PPPs, the private sector plays a role in developing and maintaining public infrastructure and services, which is usually a public sector responsibility. Des

  20. Public private partnerships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miranda Sarmento, J.J.

    2014-01-01

    Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are increasing in number worldwide and are used to build and manage large public infrastructure projects. In PPPs, the private sector plays a role in developing and maintaining public infrastructure and services, which is usually a public sector responsibility.

  1. Public Library Finance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Marilyn Gell

    This study reviews trends in public library finance; examines recent political, economic, and technological changes; and assesses the impact of these changes on public library services. A history of the public library in America is presented, as well as an analysis of the principles of economics and public finance which reveals that current…

  2. Public Relations and Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Daniel D.

    1987-01-01

    Urges community colleges to adopt pro-active public relations strategies. Examines the role of the public information officer in such areas as coordination of public relations and marketing activities, relations with media, and the development of a comprehensive public relations plan. (AYC)

  3. Public private partnerships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miranda Sarmento, J.J.

    2014-01-01

    Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are increasing in number worldwide and are used to build and manage large public infrastructure projects. In PPPs, the private sector plays a role in developing and maintaining public infrastructure and services, which is usually a public sector responsibility. Des

  4. Sero-Molecular Epidemiology of Japanese Encephalitis in Zhejiang, an Eastern Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Jin-Ren; Yan, Ju-Ying; Zhou, Jia-Yue; Tang, Xue-Wen; He, Han-Qing; Xie, Rong-Hui; Mao, Hai-Yan; Zhang, Yan-Jun; Xie, Shu-Yun

    2016-08-01

    Sporadic Japanese encephalitis (JE) cases still have been reported in Zhejiang Province in recent years, and concerns about vaccine cross-protection and population-level immunity have been raised off and on within the public health sphere. Genotype I (GI) has replaced GIII as the dominant genotype in Asian countries during the past few decades, which caused considerable concerns about the potential change of epidemiology characteristics and the vaccine effectiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of JE neutralizing antibody and its waning antibody trend after live attenuated JE vaccine immunization. Additionally, this study analyzed the molecular characteristics of the E gene of Zhejiang Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) strains, and established genetic relationships with other JEV strains. A total of 570 serum specimens were sampled from community population aged from 0 to 92 years old in Xianju county of Zhejiang Province in 2013-2014. Microseroneutralization test results were analyzed to estimate the population immunity and to observe antibody dynamics in vaccinated children. E genes of 28 JEV strains isolated in Zhejiang Province were sequenced for phylogenetic tree construction and molecular characteristics analysis with other selected strains. Positive JE neutralizing antibody rates were higher in residents ≥35 years old (81%~98%) and lower in residents <35 years old (0~57%). 7 or 8 years after the 2nd live attenuated vaccine dose, the antibodies against for 4 different strains with microseroneutralization test were decreased by 55%~73% on seropositive rates and by 25%~38% on GMTs respectively. JEV strains isolated in recent years were all grouped into GI, while those isolated in the 1980s belonged to GIII. On important amino acid sites related to antigenicity, there was no divergence between the Zhejiang JE virus strains and the vaccine strain (SA14-14-2). JE neutralizing antibody positive rates increase in age ≥10 years old

  5. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  6. Urbanization of Jilin Province and Its Spatial Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bo; GUO Qinghai; Dou Sen

    2006-01-01

    Urbanization is a crucial criterion of assessing a nation's or a particular region's level of modernization. It has been accelerated all over the world in the 21th century. The main purpose of this research is to provide a strategy of spatial pattern ofurbanization for rural areas in Jilin Province based on the reality of economic development in Jilin and the imbalance of natural resources distribution. The strategy divides the nine central cities of Jilin Province into three economic circles. The outer economic circle, open circle, includes Yanbian, Baishan, Tonghua and Baicheng, covering the eastern and western parts of Jilin Province. The middle one includes Jilin, Liaoyuan, Siping and Songyuan. The inner one, centring as Changchun, includes Gongzhuling, Yitong, Nong'an, Jiutai and Dehui. It needs to centre as Changchun which has the good foundation of economic development and more economic increase, then by economic effect extending out gradually, other areas develop subsequently. To construct Jilin as a green ecological province, cultivation in the outer circle should be controlled, with the main aim to recover grassland. Large population should be moved to other places by developing labor economy. From economy and ecology, to decrease the load of the land can reduce the loss of the resources and benefit the balance of ecology. Subsequently, the whole province's economy will be developed sustainably.

  7. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  8. Environmental factors of urinary stones mineralogy, Khouzestan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarasvandi, Alireza; Carranza, E. J. M.; Heidari, Majid; Mousapour, Esmaeil

    2014-09-01

    Urinary stone diseases in the Khouzestan province (southwest Iran) are growing in number and it required extensive studies on various factors of the urinary stones formation in this province. In this research, in addition to distribution of urinary stones in different areas of province, the role of bioenvironmental (race), climate (temperature) and geology (water hardness) factors in urinary stones diversity has been studied. Mineralogical studied using X-ray diffraction showed that uricite and whewellite are the most frequency mineral phases. Struvite, Cystine, hydroxyapatite, weddellite, and Niahite can be observed as urinary stones, too. These data show that the urinary stone in the Khouzestan province can divide into 7 groups: calcium oxalate, phosphate, calcium oxalate/ phosphate, Urate, Urate/calcium, Urate/calcium oxalate/phosphate, Cystine/calcium oxalate. Also the results which attained from temperature effect investigation on the mineralogy of urinary stones, confirms that from Mediterranean sub-humid climates (northeastern area) to warm and dry climates (south and southwest area), calcium oxalate stones and urate stones concentration decreases and increases respectively. Comparison of data related to the drinking water hardness and mineralogy of urinary stones in different areas of Khouzestan province show that the combination of drinking water (especially water hardness) affects mineralogy of urinary stones in some areas (such az Ramhormoz and Hendijan). Finally, the data suggest that frequency of calcium oxalate in women is more than that of men. Moreover, there is direct relationship between the age (>45 years) and the increase in frequency of Urate minerals.

  9. Spatial distribution of cancer in Kohgilooyeh and Boyerahmad province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Fararouei

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spatial distribution of cancer is one of the powerful tools in epidemiology of cancer. The present study is designed to understand the geographical distribution of most frequent types of cancer in K&B province. Methods: All registered cases of cancer are reviewed and duplicate cases were removed. The data was analyzed using Arcgis software. Results: Of all registered cases, 1273  remained for analysis of which 57% were residences of urban areas. Cities including  Sisakht, Yasuj and Dehdsasht were shown to have highest incidence rates among the Urban areas. Dena, Sepidar and Kohmare Khaleghi had the highest rates among the rural areas in the province. Skin cancer was the most common type of cancer which had the highest rates of incidence in Sisakht and Dehdasht and Dena and Sepidar among urban and rural areas respectively. Conclusion: The distribution of cancer was not even in the province. Attitude and consumption of wild and regional plants are introduced as the potential risk factors for such a spatial distribution of the common cancers I the province. The results of this study could be used for further analytical studies to understand the regional etiology of cancer in the province.

  10. [Emergy analysis of ecological-economic system in Liaoning Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hao; Wang, Qing; Li, Xiu-Juan; Song, Yang; Li, Guang-Jun

    2008-03-01

    By the methods of emergy analysis, this paper studied the emergy flow in the ecological-economic system in Liaoning Province in 1990-2005, and the relationships between the environmental stress caused by resources' input, output and consumption and the sustainable development of the Province. The results showed that in Liaoning Province, the non-renewable resources occupied over 74% of the total consumed emergy, and the realistic population in 2005 was 3.26 times higher than the supportable population. In 1990-2005, the emergy yield ratio decreased from 65.40 to 10.13, emergy loading ratio increased from 2.72 to 7.18, and emergy sustainable index decreased from 24.03 to 1.41. The rapid economic growth in Liaoning Province was chiefly supported by the consumption of vast non-renewable resources, which caused the pressure of economic development on ecosystem getting more and more intense, the economic development increasingly depending on exogenous resources, and the sustainable development of Liaoning ecological-economic system having a continuing decrease. To realize the sustainable development in Liaoning Province, the principles of reduction, reutilization and recycling should be taken as the guidelines for promoting the reuse of wastes and the closed fine circulation of resources to minimize the discharge of wastes.

  11. Twitter and public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Catherine; Wurtz, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Twitter can serve as a powerful communication modality to both "push" and "pull" public health data; each user is a potential public health sensor and actor. However, in 2012, only 8% of local health departments had Twitter accounts. We outline how Twitter works, describe how to access public tweets for public health surveillance purposes, review the literature on Twitter's current and potential role supporting public health's essential services, summarize Twitter's limitations, and make recommendations for health department use.

  12. Ecological footprint analysis applied to a sub-national area: the case of the Province of Siena (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagliani, Marco; Galli, Alessandro; Niccolucci, Valentina; Marchettini, Nadia

    2008-01-01

    This work is part of a larger project, which aims at investigating the environmental sustainability of the Province of Siena and of its communes, by means of different indicators and methods of analysis. The research presented in this article uses ecological footprint and biocapacity as indicators to monitor the environmental conditions of the area of Siena, thus complementing previous studies carried out using Emergy, greenhouse gases balance and other methods. The calculations have been performed in such a way as to enable a disaggregation of the final results according to the classical categories of ecologically productive land and of consumption, but also according to citizen's and public administration's areas of influence. This information allows us to investigate in detail the socio-economic aspects of environmental resource use. Among the notable results, the Siena territory is characterized by a nearly breakeven total ecological balance, a result contrasting with the national average and most of the other Italian provinces. Furthermore, the analysis has been carried out at different spatial scales (province, districts and communes), highlighting an inhomogeneous territorial structure consisting of subareas in ecological deficit compensated by zones in ecological surplus.

  13. [Influence of pharmaceutical law on the formation of the monopoly of pharmacists in Kaunas province in the 19th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudiene, Vilma; Lignugariene, Asta; Minevicius, Rolandas

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this work is to estimate the influence of pharmaceutical law on the development of pharmacy in Kaunas province in the 19th century. In czarist Russia of the 19th century (which covered the majority of Lithuania) the trade of medicines was regulated severely. A statute of pharmacy issued in 1836 claimed that whenever giving a permission to establish a new pharmacy, the agreement of the owners of the nearest pharmacies should have been got beforehand. In such a way the law gave an indirect right for pharmacists to influence the establishment of new pharmacies. It also became an obstacle for a natural formation of the network of pharmacies and, thus, stimulated a creation of the monopoly of pharmacists. After the proclamation of the statute, i. e. from 1836 till 1840, only two new pharmacies were opened in Kaunas province, and later, during a thirteen-year period, (1841-1853) not a single pharmacy was founded there. Pharmacists, due to the avoidance of competition and fear to lose the monopoly of the trade of medicines in a region, tried to prevent other people from the establishment of pharmacies. They used to establish pharmacies in neighbouring towns themselves, to create the branches of their pharmacies or the networks of pharmacies of their family. In fact, the unfounded decrees of the government institutions of czarist Russia ampered the formation of a sufficient network of pharmacies and the development of the care of public health in the provinces of czarist Russia.

  14. Prevalence of β-thalassemia trait and abnormal hemoglobin in premarital screening in the province of Izmir, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uysal, Ahmet; Genc, Ahmet; Taşyürek, Nilgün; Türkyilmaz, Bediha

    2013-02-01

    Thalassemia is one of the most common hereditary disorders in Turkey. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of the β-thalassemia trait and abnormal hemoglobin in couples who applied for premarital screening in the third largest Turkish province of Izmir in the Aegean region. From January 2011 to March 2012, we tested 19,277 couples at the Karşıyaka Public Health Laboratory, Thalassemia Unit for the β-thalassemia trait and abnormal hemoglobin using a high-performance liquid chromatograph, a hematology analyzer. The β-thalassemia trait with increased HbA2 (>3.5%) and abnormal hemoglobin was found in 4.96% (1912/38,554) and 0.53% (206/38,554) people, respectively. Of abnormal hemoglobin findings, HbS was determined in 128 people (0.33%), HbD in 50 (0.13%), HbE in 24 (0.06%), and HbC in four (0.01%). Furthermore, in 20 of the 19,277 couples (0.05%), both partners had the β-thalassemia trait and were referred to counseling. The prevalence of the β-thalassemia trait in the province of Izmir is high compared with other cities of Turkey. Izmir is a high-risk province for β-thalassemia and sickle-cell anemia. Therefore, premarital screening is essential to prevent new hereditary hemoglobinopaties.

  15. Pattern of the haemoglobinopathy in the endemic and nearby provinces in Thailand, a note from then GIS pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiwanitkit, Viroj

    2011-11-01

    In Thailand, high prevalence of haemoglobin disorders has been reported. Millions of Thai people suffer from these diseases. This problem affects not only public health but also the economy of the country. Carrier detection, genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis should be encouraged. Most of the programmes have been launched to the endemic provinces in the southern part of northeastern region of Thailand. However, due to the recent industrialisation in Thailand, the migration of the Thai population affects the pattern of haemoglobin disorder in this area. Here, the author performs a spatial analysis by Geographical Information System (GIS) using ArcExplorer Program on the database of the recorded prevalence of haemoglobin disorder in the endemic area and nearby provinces. The drift of the high prevalence from the central endemic area to the nearby provinces can be seen and support the migration effect of the population. Of interest, this observation can support the recent report on the rising prevalence of haemoglobin disorders in the non-endemic area of Thailand.

  16. A GIS-based Framework for Improving the Rural Settlement System in Dancheng County of Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Keshuai XU; Weiguo CUI

    2012-01-01

    Abstract [Objective] This study formulated a technical framework for key settlement selection in Dancheng County of Henan Province. [Method] The location set cover- ing model (LSCM) provided by ArcGIS 10.0 was used in this study. [Result] After reconstruction, the settlement system in Dancheng County is composed of 2 county centers, 7 key towns and 122 key villages. [Conclusion] This study provides sugges- tions for the development of key settlements in Dancheng County, which contributes to improving the level of rural public services and ensuring social justice.

  17. Analysis and estimation of readiness of students of province of Khebey bor taking the state standards of physical preparedness.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Likhua

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The results of analysis of self-appraisal of the personal readiness of students of the unspecialized higher educational establishments of province of Khebey are presented. In research is used the information of the questionnaire of 1000 students of five higher educational establishments. The criteria of keeping up readiness of students are formed, the cross-correlation links of criteria are set, revealed is the intercommunication between the personal and public activity of students which influences on their readiness for taking standards.

  18. Spatial distribution and risk factors of influenza in Jiangsu province, China, based on geographical information system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-Cheng Zhang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Influenza poses a constant, heavy burden on society. Recent research has focused on ecological factors associated with influenza incidence and has also studied influenza with respect to its geographic spread at different scales. This research explores the temporal and spatial parameters of influenza and identifies factors influencing its transmission. A spatial autocorrelation analysis, a spatial-temporal cluster analysis and a spatial regression analysis of influenza rates, carried out in Jiangsu province from 2004 to 2011, found that influenza rates to be spatially dependent in 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2008. South-western districts consistently revealed hotspots of high-incidence influenza. The regression analysis indicates that railways, rivers and lakes are important predictive environmental variables for influenza risk. A better understanding of the epidemic pattern and ecological factors associated with pandemic influenza should benefit public health officials with respect to prevention and controlling measures during future epidemics.

  19. Notes on the occurrence and habitats of Sabethes purpureus in Salta Province, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangudo, Carolina; Aparicio, Juan P

    2014-03-01

    The finding of Sabethes purpureus larvae and pupae in tree holes both in urban and forest environments in San Ramón de la Nueva Orán, Salta Province, Argentina, is reported, together with information on the larval habitat. Tree holes were sampled monthly from January to March or April of 2011, 2012, and 2013 along sidewalks, in public access areas, and in 3 sites within forested areas outside the city, selected along an urban gradient in Orán. Sabathes purpureus was most frequently found in low numbers and with other mosquito species. A higher proportion of tree holes was positive in the urban compared to the forest environment, although there were no significant differences in abundances or densities per hole. To our best knowledge, this paper reports the species for the first time breeding in an urban environment, and extends its geographical distribution from the Atlantic and Paranaense forests to the Southern Andean Yungas in northwestern Argentina.

  20. Dengue Virus Serotypes Circulating in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan, 2013-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suleman, Muhammad; Faryal, Rani; Alam, Muhammad Masroor; Sharif, Salmaan; Shaukat, Shahzad; Aamir, Uzma Bashir; Khurshid, Adnan; Angez, Mehar; Umair, Massab; Sufian, Mian Muhammad; Arshad, Yasir; Zaidi, Syed Sohail Zahoor

    2017-03-01

    From 2013 to 2015, the National Institute of Health, Pakistan, received 1,270 blood samples of suspected dengue cases reported from inpatient and outpatient departments of various hospitals in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province. In this study, we determined the circulating dengue virus (DENV) serotypes using real-time reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR to understand the serotype-based epidemiology of DENV. All four serotypes (DENV-1 [6%], DENV-2 [33%], DENV-3 [47%], and DENV-4 [0.1%]) were found circulating during the study period. Our findings suggest the need for an active surveillance system coupled with the laboratory diagnosis, especially in the chronic endemic areas of the country. Public awareness programs are needed for effective control and prevention of outbreaks in the future.

  1. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Khammouane Province, Lao PDR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saiyachak, Khamphanavanh; Tongsotsang, Sutthiporn; Saenrueang, Thitima; Moore, Malcolm A; Promthet, Supannee

    2016-01-01

    Opisthorchis viverrini (OV) liver flukes are common parasites found in central and southern Laos and constitute a major public health problem in the country. Laos people continue to have the habit of extensively consuming raw or half-cooked fish which are intermediate hosts. This study aimed to study the prevalence and factors associated with OV infection in the population of Thakek district, Khammouane Province. This cross-sectional analytic study covered 237 subjects who filled out structured questionnaires. Fecal examination for OV infection was performed by Kato's thick smear method. Data analysis was carried out using STATA Version 10.0. Multiple logistic regression was applied. The results showed that the infection rate of OV was 54.8 %. Factors associated with OV infections were gender, a habit of defecation in fields and raw fish (goi bplaa dip) consumption. Opisthorchiasis and associated cholangiocarcinoma development thus appear to remain as important concerns in Laos.

  2. Tinea capitis among rural school children of the district of Magude, in Maputo province, Mozambique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidat, Mohsin M; Correia, Della; Buene, Titos P

    2006-11-01

    The study was carried out in two rural primary schools of the District of Magude, the largest district of Maputo Province in 2001. The prevalence of tinea capitis in each school was 11.6% (49/422) and 6.8% (18/263) and affected predominantly male children. The most common dermatophytes isolated from both schools were Microsporum audouinii. However, Trichophyton mentagrophytes was also found to be an important causal agent of tinea capitis in the District of Magude. Although the prevalence of tinea capitis found in our study is relatively high compared to previous cross-sectional studies carried out in Mozambique, it is still closely related to the prevalence rates reported for African countries. Tinea capitis continues to be an important public health issue in Mozambique, particularly in primary school setting.

  3. Spatial distribution and risk factors of influenza in Jiangsu province, China, based on geographical information system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jia-Cheng; Liu, Wen-Dong; Liang, Qi; Hu, Jian-Li; Norris, Jessie; Wu, Ying; Bao, Chang-Jun; Tang, Fen-Yang; Huang, Peng; Zhao, Yang; Yu, Rong-Bin; Zhou, Ming-Hao; Shen, Hong-Bing; Chen, Feng; Peng, Zhi-Hang

    2014-05-01

    Influenza poses a constant, heavy burden on society. Recent research has focused on ecological factors associated with influenza incidence and has also studied influenza with respect to its geographic spread at different scales. This research explores the temporal and spatial parameters of influenza and identifies factors influencing its transmission. A spatial autocorrelation analysis, a spatial-temporal cluster analysis and a spatial regression analysis of influenza rates, carried out in Jiangsu province from 2004 to 2011, found that influenza rates to be spatially dependent in 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2008. South-western districts consistently revealed hotspots of high-incidence influenza. The regression analysis indicates that railways, rivers and lakes are important predictive environmental variables for influenza risk. A better understanding of the epidemic pattern and ecological factors associated with pandemic influenza should benefit public health officials with respect to prevention and controlling measures during future epidemics.

  4. The biodiversity problem in tea-production:the case of Fujian Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Suyu

    2008-01-01

    Biodiversity is an important concept in ecology, agriculture and also economics. This paper examines the biodiversity problem in tea-production of Fujian Province, China, and tries to improve the biodiversity in Fujian tea industry by illustrating the problem and arousing the public concern about it, which is the main contribution and the purpose of the research. According to the geographical and agricultural conditions in Fujian, this paper describes the problem in detail at first. In the next section it analyzes some factors which contribute to the problem, mainly including natural and historical reasons, economic reasons, institutional reasons and technological reasons. Then this paper tries to propose some suggestions to solve or alleviate the biodiversity problem in Fujian tea-produetion from the point of government, academic field and the producers, as it needs the joint efforts of all those participants. Econometric analyses will be made when necessary with SPSS 11.0.

  5. Magmatic systems of large continental igneous provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Sharkov

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Large igneous provinces (LIPs formed by mantle superplume events have irreversibly changed their composition in the geological evolution of the Earth from high-Mg melts (during Archean and early Paleoproterozoic to Phanerozoic-type geochemically enriched Fe-Ti basalts and picrites at 2.3 Ga. We propose that this upheaval could be related to the change in the source and nature of the mantle superplumes of different generations. The first generation plumes were derived from the depleted mantle, whereas the second generation (thermochemical originated from the core-mantle boundary (CMB. This study mainly focuses on the second (Phanerozoic type of LIPs, as exemplified by the mid-Paleoproterozoic Jatulian–Ludicovian LIP in the Fennoscandian Shield, the Permian–Triassic Siberian LIP, and the late Cenozoic flood basalts of Syria. The latter LIP contains mantle xenoliths represented by green and black series. These xenoliths are fragments of cooled upper margins of the mantle plume heads, above zones of adiabatic melting, and provide information about composition of the plume material and processes in the plume head. Based on the previous studies on the composition of the mantle xenoliths in within-plate basalts around the world, it is inferred that the heads of the mantle (thermochemical plumes are made up of moderately depleted spinel peridotites (mainly lherzolites and geochemically-enriched intergranular fluid/melt. Further, it is presumed that the plume heads intrude the mafic lower crust and reach up to the bottom of the upper crust at depths ∼20 km. The generation of two major types of mantle-derived magmas (alkali and tholeiitic basalts was previously attributed to the processes related to different PT-parameters in the adiabatic melting zone whereas this study relates to the fluid regime in the plume heads. It is also suggested that a newly-formed melt can occur on different sides of a critical plane of silica undersaturation and can

  6. Reframing Public Education as a Public Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froese-Germain, Bernie

    2013-01-01

    In his 1847 "Report on a System of Public Elementary Instruction for Upper Canada", Egerton Ryerson stated that public education was created in Canada to ensure that youth were prepared for their "appropriate duties and employments of life … as persons of business, and also as members of the civil community in which they live."…

  7. Public Schools and the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Frederick M.

    2003-01-01

    Essay addresses three questions: What purposes should schools serve and who should determine those purposes? Who should set performance goals for schools? Does school choice comport schooling mission to serve the public interest? Argues for need to be more disciplined and explicit in determining the public interest that schools serve and how that…

  8. Study on the Supply Efficiency of Rural Public Service in China Based on Three-stage DEA Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zongbing; DENG; Chaoying; WU; Junliang; Zhang; Ju; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Improving the supply efficiency of rural public service is an important way to solve the severe shortage of rural public service. In this article,we use three-stage DEA model to carry out empirical research of the supply efficiency of rural public service in 31 provinces and regions of China. The results show that if without control over exogenous environment variables and random brunt,the classic DEA method will overestimate the rural public service efficiency; after controlling the impact of the external environmental factors,the mean of supply efficiency of rural public service in 31 provinces and regions of China is 0. 697; the improved rural per capita income,population density,population size and the educational level of residents,is a significantly favorable factor for enhancing the supply efficiency of rural public service,while the increase in the proportion of fiscal spending on rural public service to GDP plays no significant role in improving the rural public service efficiency; according to their efficiency type,the provinces and regions should adopt some measures,such as improving the management level or expanding the supply scale,to improve the supply efficiency.

  9. From networked publics to issue publics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkbak, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    As an increasing part of everyday life becomes connected with the web in many areas of the globe, the question of how the web mediates political processes becomes still more urgent. Several scholars have started to address this question by thinking about the web in terms of a public space...... that the complex connectivity of the web puts user privacy at risk and enables the enclosure of public debate in virtual echo chambers. Our first argument is that these concerns are united by a set assumptions coming from liberal political philosophy that are rarely made explicit. As a second contribution......, this paper points towards an alternative way to think about publics by proposing a pragmatist reorientation of the public/private distinction in web science, away from seeing two spheres that needs to be kept separate, towards seeing the public and the private as something that is continuously connected...

  10. Scarab Beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae Fauna in Ardabil Province, North West Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Mowlavi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Dung beetles of Coleoptera associated to undisturbed cattle droppings in pastures present great diver¬sity and abundance. Dung beetles also play an important role for transmission of some helminthes to human and cat¬tle. This study was made to survey the biodiversity and abundance of these beetles in Ardebil Province, western Iran."nMethods: According to the field study all beetles attracted to fresh cow dung in five areas of Ardebil Province in¬cluding Namin, Ardabil, Meshkinshahr, Neer and Sarein were collected and identified. They were collected during summer 2007 from June to September, with general peaks appearing to be correlated with temperature mainly at 11 a.m to 15 p.m. The samples were identified using appropriate systematic key "nResults: A total of 231 specimens belonging to 9 beetle genera and at least 15 species were identified as Euoniticel¬lus fulvus, Sisyphus schaffaer, Euonthophagus taurus, Copris lunaris, Chironitis pamphilus, Gymnopleurus coriarus, Euonthophagus amyntas, Caccobius schreberi, Onthophagus speculifer, Onthophagus furcatus, Aphodius, lugens, Apho¬dius fimetarius, A. scrutator, Geotrupes spiniger and G. stercorarius"nThe most abundant and diverse subfamilies were Coprinae, Geotrupinae, and Aphodiinae. "nConclusion: We found 15 species of dung beetles occurred in the region. The prevalence of each species is varied depending on location. Some of them play an important role for helminths transmission of veterinary and public health importance. The finding will provide a clue for pasture management as well as public health monitoring and surveillance of the disease transmitted by dung beetles. 

  11. Scarab Beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae Fauna in Ardabil Province, North West Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Mowlavi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dung beetles of Coleoptera associated to undisturbed cattle droppings in pastures present great diver¬sity and abundance. Dung beetles also play an important role for transmission of some helminthes to human and cat¬tle. This study was made to survey the biodiversity and abundance of these beetles in Ardebil Province, western Iran.Methods: According to the field study all beetles attracted to fresh cow dung in five areas of Ardebil Province in¬cluding Namin, Ardabil, Meshkinshahr, Neer and Sarein were collected and identified. They were collected during summer 2007 from June to September, with general peaks appearing to be correlated with temperature mainly at 11 a.m to 15 p.m. The samples were identified using appropriate systematic key Results: A total of 231 specimens belonging to 9 beetle genera and at least 15 species were identified as Euoniticel¬lus fulvus, Sisyphus schaffaer, Euonthophagus taurus, Copris lunaris, Chironitis pamphilus, Gymnopleurus coriarus, Euonthophagus amyntas, Caccobius schreberi, Onthophagus speculifer, Onthophagus furcatus, Aphodius, lugens, Apho¬dius fimetarius, A. scrutator, Geotrupes spiniger and G. stercorariusThe most abundant and diverse subfamilies were Coprinae, Geotrupinae, and Aphodiinae. Conclusion: We found 15 species of dung beetles occurred in the region. The prevalence of each species is varied depending on location. Some of them play an important role for helminths transmission of veterinary and public health importance. The finding will provide a clue for pasture management as well as public health monitoring and surveillance of the disease transmitted by dung beetles. 

  12. [Malignant pustule in province of Milan, Italy (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelosa, L

    1978-01-01

    Preliminary the statistical data are reported about human malignant pustule denounced in Italy in different Districts, in Lombardia and in Province of Milan. Correlatively the outbreaks and cases of haematic anthrax in animals declared in Italy, in different Districts, in Lombardia and in Province of Milan. Then the outbreaks of malignant pustule in Province of Milan are related in 1975-1977 period in the resident population where is considerable concentration of the leather manufactures. The epidemiological and microbiological researches have determined the relation among the outbreak of malignant pustule and the working of the hides imported from African Countries (Nigeria, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Africa, Burundi-Kenya, Uganda) containing the spores of b. anthrax. The spores besides to cause infections of the workmen employed in the hide manufacture (industrial anthrax) through the effluents and solid refuses from the tanneries, are dispended upon the tiled ground and determine outbreak the haematic anthrax in the animals and agricultural coutaneus anthrax in the men.

  13. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  14. The application of environmental certification to the Province of Siena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridolfi, R; Andreis, D; Panzieri, M; Ceccherini, F

    2008-01-01

    The SPIn-Eco project has provided very broad and precise data collection regarding the Province of Siena. These data and their elaborations have also been developed as a basis for the environmental certification of this organization. In this way, the Administration of the Province of Siena (the first Province in Italy) has reached its goal of obtaining better knowledge of the state of the system and of constructing its environmental management system (EMS) according to the environmental aspects directly and indirectly arising from the organization's activities. Indirect aspects are mainly related to the territorial monitoring and planning. Indicators based on the classical pressure-state-response approach, as well as more complex ones based on CO(2) balance, emergy and ecological footprint analyses, have been used to assess the environmental performance of the EMS. This paper presents how this EMS is constructed, as well as the indicators that are used to analyze the system, paying particular attention to sustainability indicators.

  15. Health Technology Assessment of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Assess the current status of MRI in Shanxi province by health technology assessment method to provide suggestion and guidelines for future government decisions on the procurement and installation of new high-tech medical equipments. All of the 21 hospitals installed MRIs were surveyed.The results showed that 1 ) Diffusion of MRI is consistent with the economic development in different regional districts and hospital levels in Shanxi province. 2) There are better monetary returns of MRI in higher level hospitals than lower level hospitals. 3) Most MRIs in Shanxi province had been running at a loss, and the first class tertiary level hospitals had been making profit from providing MRI services to patients. 4) Better cost-benefit accorded with higher hospital level, more patients serviced etc. 5 ) The biggest investment risk is the initial purchase and installation of MRI. 6) Positive rates and veracity of MRI diagnosis were higher. 7) MRI is a safe equipment.

  16. Contribution to the Tabanidae (Insecta: Diptera Fauna of Kayseri Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Altunsoy

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available As a result of study in Kayseri province subfamily Pangonine depending 1 species, subfamily Chrysopsinae depending 3 species and subfamily Tabaninae depending 36 species. Totally 40 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Chrysops caecutiens, Atylotus fulvus, Atylotus loewianus, Hybomitra acuminata, Tabanus armeniacus, Tabanus atropathenicus, Tabanus autumnalis, Tabanus cordiger, Tabanus eggeri, Tabanus glaucopis, Tabanus holtzianus, Tabanus indrae, Tabanus prometheus, Tabanus quatuornatatus, Tabanus regularis, Tabanus rupium, Tabanus spodopterus, Tabanus tergestinus, Tabanus tinctus, Haematopota crassicornis, Haematopota grandis, Haematopota pallens, Haematopota subcylindrica, Dasyrhamphis carbonarius and Philipomyia aprica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Kayseri province reaches to 42 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

  17. Political Ideology and Economic Freedom across Canadian Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian; Potrafke, Niklas

    This paper examines how political ideology influenced economic freedom in the Canadian provinces. We analyze the dataset of economic freedom indicators compiled by the Fraser Institute in 10 Canadian provinces over the 1981-2005 period and introduce two different indices of political ideology: go...... leftist and rightwing governments concerning the role of government in the economy and (2) indicates that ideological polarization concerns governments but less parliamentary fractions in the Canadian provinces. ......: government and parliament ideology. The results suggest that government ideology influenced labor market reforms: market-oriented governments promoted liberalization of the labor market. Parliamentary ideology did not influence economic liberalization at all. This finding (1) identifies differences between...

  18. Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the agricultural production efficiency of all cities and areas in Shaanxi Province in the period 2006-2009 using data envelopment analysis method,and compares the agricultural production efficiency between all cities and areas.The results show that the agricultural production efficiency and scale efficiency of agriculture of Shaanxi Province are high on the whole,but the efficiency of agricultural technology is very low,agricultural development still relies on factor inputs,and the driving role of technological progress is not conspicuous.Finally the following countermeasures are put forward to promote agricultural productivity in Shaanxi Province:improve the construction of agricultural infrastructure,and increase agricultural input;accelerate the project of extending agricultural technology into households,and promote the conversion and use rate of agricultural scientific and technological achievements;establish and improve industrial system of agriculture,and speed up the building of various agricultural cooperative economic organizations.

  19. Thermodynamic analysis of the province of Ravenna (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastianoni, Simone; Marchettini, Nadia; Panzieri, Margherita; Ridolfi, Roberto

    2002-09-01

    This is a thermodynamic analysis of the Province of Ravenna (Italy) and its districts (Ravenna, Faenza and Lugo) and an evaluation of entropy waste production based on a balance sheet of greenhouse gases. The method used is energy analysis. The results show that the Province and Ravenna are characterized by a heavy exploitation of local non renewable resources, Faenza strikes a good balance between economic development and environment conservation and Lugo is less sustainable than the others. The greenhouse gas balance shows that the Province emits 10.5 times the quantity of greenhouse gases that it adsorbs and that the emissions reduction is required in the energy sector, which is responsible for 92% of the total.

  20. Uranium concentrations in the water consumed by the resident population in the vicinity of the Lagoa Real uranium province, Bahia, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Luciana S. [State University of Bahia (UNEB), Campus Caetite, BA (Brazil); Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S.; Sarkis, Jorge; Nisti, Marcelo B., E-mail: brigitte@ipen.br, E-mail: jesarkis@ipen.br, E-mail: mbnisti@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The Lagoa Real Uranium Province, situated in South Central Bahia in the region of Caetite and Lagoa Real, is considered the most important monomineralic province of Brazil. The urban population who lives in the proximities of this uranium province in the cities of Caetite, Lagoa Real and Livramento uses public supply water, while the inhabitants of the rural area due to long terms of dry weather use water from wells, cisterns, small dams, reservoirs and dikes which are supplied with the rains. In this work it was determined the concentration of uranium in the water consumed by the rural and urban population living in the proximities of the Lagoa Real Uranium Province. The study comprehends 32 sampling spots spread throughout the region of interest. Samples were collected in January and July 2010, covering superficial, underground and public supply water from the region. The uranium concentrations were determined by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). Preliminary results showed that the uranium concentrations in the water from the Lagoa Real Uranium Province varied from 0.064 {+-} 0.005 {mu}g.L{sup -1} to 90 {+-} 1,5 {+-}g.L{sup -1}. It was observed that only two of them obtained values higher than the World Health Organization's recommended limit (2011) of 30 {mu}g.L{sup -1} for maximum uranium concentration in the water for human consumption. For a conclusive evaluation, the uranium concentrations results will be analyzed together with total alpha and beta concentrations determined elsewhere for the same samples. (author)

  1. Publication of the bulletin

    CERN Multimedia

    DSU Department

    2007-01-01

    The table below lists the 2008 publication dates for the paper version of the Bulletin and the corresponding deadlines for the submission of announcements. Please note that all announcements must be submitted by 12.00 midday on Tuesdays at the latest. Bulletin publication 2008 Bulletin N° 4-5 Publication: Monday 21 january Submission deadline for announcements: Tuesday 15 January Bulletin N° 6-7 Publication: Monday 4 february Submission deadline for announcements: Tuesday 29 January Bulletin N° 8-9 Publication: Monday 18 february Submission deadline for announcements: Tuesday 12 February Bulletin N° 10-11 Publication: Monday 3 march Submission deadline for announcements: Tuesday 26 February Bulletin N° 12-13 Publication: Monday 17 march Submission deadline for announcements: Tuesday 11 March Bulletin N° 14-15 Publication: Monday 31 march Submission deadline for announcements: Tuesday 25 March Bulletin N° 16-17 Publication: Monday 14 april Submission deadline for...

  2. Five-year evaluation of premarital screening program for hemoglobinopathies in the province of Mersin, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosun, Fatma; Bilgin, Adnan; Kızılok, Atakan; Arpacı, Abdullah; Yüreğir, Güneş T

    2006-06-05

    The prevalences of hemoglobin S (HbS) and β-thalassemia (β-thal) are high in Mersin, Turkey. In this study, the results of a five-year premarital screening program in Mersin province are reported. A total of 79,000 persons including 31,498 couples were screened in this program. Hematological analyses and electrophoresis were done to identify carriers. The results were given confidentially and at-risk couples were counselled on reproductive options and prenatal diagnosis. The carrier rates of hemoglobins (Hb) (HbS, HbD, HbE) and of β-thal were 1.21%, 0.17%, 0.04% and 2.04%, respectively. One hundred and thirty-four couples were at-risk, of whom 67.2% had health insurance. Twenty-seven couples did not become pregnant, six were divorced and 11 could not be reached. Of the 135 pregnancies, 80 had prenatal diagnosis. Five stillbirths occurred, and 18 homozygous babies were born to couples that did not seek prenatal diagnosis. Two families with prenatal diagnosis had affected babies: one was a late referral and the other due to religious reasons. For a successful screening program, emphasis must be on extensive and intensive informative programs for the public as a whole. Prenatal diagnosis should be offered free of charge as a basic public service. For a healthy population, knowledge and a shared responsibility between the public and the government are necessary.

  3. Epidemiology and clinical study of phenylketonuria (PKU patients in Khorasan Province; Norteast Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Negar Morovatdar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Epidemiology and clinical study of phenylketonuria (PKU patients in Khorasan Province; Norteast Iran Background: Phenylketonuria is an autosomal recessive disease. Early diagnosis is a important public health intervention to prevent neurological impairment .This study was designed to describe characteristics of phenylketonouria patients in Khorasan ,Northeast of Iran. Methods: We included all  patients suffering from PKU in khorasan until September 2013. We gathered the variables like diagnosis age , sib of parents, cause of asking physician and screening based diagnosis or clinical based diagnosis. We use descriptive statistics for analysis. Results: The mean age of diagnosis was 19 months .80% pku patients had a positive history of consanguineous marriage in their parents. Incidence of new cases that identified by screening in 2012-2013 was 57 per 1000000 live birth. 10% patients identified with screening in first week of birth. Conclusion: Nearly all of our patients (90% had been diagnosed without screening in the first days of their life only due to clinical manifestations in the first year of their life . According to efficacy of early diagnosis and dietary treatment, enforcement of public health policy for screening is a critical public health preventive intervention.

  4. Coverage and quality of antenatal care provided at primary health care facilities in the 'Punjab' province of 'Pakistan'.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ashraf Majrooh

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Antenatal care is a very important component of maternal health services. It provides the opportunity to learn about risks associated with pregnancy and guides to plan the place of deliveries thereby preventing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. In 'Pakistan' antenatal services to rural population are being provided through a network of primary health care facilities designated as 'Basic Health Units and Rural Health Centers. Pakistan is a developing country, consisting of four provinces and federally administered areas. Each province is administratively subdivided in to 'Divisions' and 'Districts'. By population 'Punjab' is the largest province of Pakistan having 36 districts. This study was conducted to assess the coverage and quality antenatal care in the primary health care facilities in 'Punjab' province of 'Pakistan'. METHODS: Quantitative and Qualitative methods were used to collect data. Using multistage sampling technique nine out of thirty six districts were selected and 19 primary health care facilities of public sector (seventeen Basic Health Units and two Rural Health Centers were randomly selected from each district. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were conducted with clients, providers and health managers. RESULTS: The overall enrollment for antenatal checkup was 55.9% and drop out was 32.9% in subsequent visits. The quality of services regarding assessment, treatment and counseling was extremely poor. The reasons for low coverage and quality were the distant location of facilities, deficiency of facility resources, indifferent attitude and non availability of the staff. Moreover, lack of client awareness about importance of antenatal care and self empowerment for decision making to seek care were also responsible for low coverage. CONCLUSION: The coverage and quality of the antenatal care services in 'Punjab' are extremely compromised. Only half of the expected pregnancies are enrolled and

  5. Establishment of national laboratory standards in public and private hospital laboratories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anjarani, Soghra; Safadel, Nooshafarin; Dahim, Parisa; Amini, Rana; Mahdavi, Saeed; Mirab Samiee, Siamak

    2013-01-01

    In September 2007 national standard manual was finalized and officially announced as the minimal quality requirements for all medical laboratories in the country. Apart from auditing laboratories, Reference Health Laboratory has performed benchmarking auditing of medical laboratory network (surveys) in provinces. 12(th) benchmarks performed in Tehran and Alborz provinces, Iran in 2010 in three stages. We tried to compare different processes, their quality and accordance with national standard measures between public and private hospital laboratories. The assessment tool was a standardized checklist consists of 164 questions. Analyzing process show although in most cases implementing the standard requirements are more prominent in private laboratories, there is still a long way to complete fulfillment of requirements, and it takes a lot of effort. Differences between laboratories in public and private sectors especially in laboratory personnel and management process are significant. Probably lack of motivation, plays a key role in obtaining less desirable results in laboratories in public sectors.

  6. [Evaluation of public drug provision policies for type 2 diabetes mellitus in Argentina: a case study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elorza, María Eugenia; Moscoso, Nebel Silvana; Ripari, Nadia Vanina

    2012-01-01

    In Argentina, the provision of drugs for patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus who lack health insurance is carried out through public programs. In the Province of Buenos Aires, the national program Remediar and the provincial program PRODIABA (from the Spanish Programa de Prevención, Diagnóstico y Tratamiento del Paciente Diabético) coexist. This study estimates the percentage of adults in the municipality of Bahia Blanca (Province of Buenos Aires) who suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus and lack health insurance, thus satisfying their need for oral antidiabetic treatments within the public sector. It is a quantitative study that assesses the need and demand for public provision. The results indicate that: 1) the greatest percentage of demand is satisfied at the primary health care level; 2) the province of Buenos Aires funds the largest share of the pills, followed by the municipal and the national levels; 3) the local government intervenes to satisfy the demand and 4) the total public provision covers approximately 25% of the overall need in relation to the average consumption. This shows that despite the presence of these public programs, the provision is insufficient and thus requires the intervention of the local government even though economic theory does not recommend the decentralization of drug purchases.

  7. Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Osyczka

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

  8. Genetic diversity of Tricholoma matsutake in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHA Tao; ZHANG HanBo; DING HuaSun; LI ZongJu; CHENG LiZhong; ZHAO ZhiWei; ZHANG YaPing

    2007-01-01

    To investigate the genetic diversity of Tricholoma matsutake, we studied ITS and IGS1 sequences and PCR polymorphism of a retrotransposon in 56 fruit bodies collected from 13 counties of 9 regions in Yunnan Province. We found one and three haplotypes based on ITS and IGS1 sequences, respectively.Moreover, there was no significant difference in PCR polymorphism of the retrotransposon among different populations. Compared with Jilin Province (China) and Japanese populations, although Yunnan was highly homogenous to Japanese populations, Iow genetic diversity of T. matsutake in Yunnan did not support the view that this species originated from Yunnan.

  9. Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina

    The extensive Quaternary volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Mendoza, Argentina, is investigated in this study by major and trace element analyses, Sr, Nd, Hf and Pb-isotopic analyses and Zr-Hf isotope dilution data on samples from almost the entire province. The samples are mainly...... in basalts from all the studied volcanic fields in Payenia is signs of lower crustal contamination indicating assimilation of, in some cases, large amounts of trace element depleted, mafic, plagioclase-bearing rocks. The northern Payenia is dominated by backarc basalts erupted between late Pliocene to late...

  10. Formal and Informal Rural Credit in Four Provinces of Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used for co...... are striking. A ‘one size fits all' approach to credit policy in Vietnam would be inappropriate......This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used...

  11. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  12. Selected DOE headquarters publications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-07-01

    Selected DOE Headquarters Publications provides cumulative listings, from October 1, 1977 onward, of two groups of publications issued by headquarters organizations of the Department of Energy, and an index to their title keywords. The two groups consist of publications assigned a DOE/XXX-type report number code and headquarters contractor publications, prepared by contractors (and published by DOE) to describe research and development work they have performed for the Department. Publications such as pamphlets, fact sheets, bulletins, newsletters, and telephone directories, are omitted, as are publications issued under the DOE-tr, CONF, DOE/JPL, and DOE/NASA codes. (RWR)

  13. Empirical Analysis on the Determinants of Economic Growth in Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Status of economic development in Shaanxi Province is analyzed, showing that Shaanxi Province has achieved the fast and stable economic growth; and total GDP and fixed assets investment have shown a sustainable growth. According to the time series statistics of Shaanxi Province in the years 1978-2008, Cobb-Douglas Function is used to carry out the empirical analysis on the contribution of fixed assets investment and labor input to economic growth of Shaanxi Province, China. Result shows that capital and labor input are the major driving forces for the economic growth of Shaanxi Province. In other words, economic growth mode of Shaanxi Province is still extensive. Economic growth of Shaanxi Province is increasingly dependent on capital investment and technological progress. Contribution rates of capital and labor to economic growth are 66.9% and 33.1%, respectively. Therefore, investment is a source of economic growth in Shaanxi Province through the reform and opening up in the last three decades.

  14. Geologic Provinces of the Former Soviet Union, 2000 (prv1ec)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data represent geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by the authors and based on numerous literature and map resources. Geologic province...

  15. The Emeishan large igneous province: A synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gregory Shellnutt

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The late Permian Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP covers ∼0.3 × 106 km2 of the western margin of the Yangtze Block and Tibetan Plateau with displaced, correlative units in northern Vietnam (Song Da zone. The ELIP is of particular interest because it contains numerous world-class base metal deposits and is contemporaneous with the late Capitanian (∼260 Ma mass extinction. The flood basalts are the signature feature of the ELIP but there are also ultramafic and silicic volcanic rocks and layered mafic-ultramafic and silicic plutonic rocks exposed. The ELIP is divided into three nearly concentric zones (i.e. inner, middle and outer which correspond to progressively thicker crust from the inner to the outer zone. The eruptive age of the ELIP is constrained by geological, paleomagnetic and geochronological evidence to an interval of ≤3 Ma. The presence of picritic rocks and thick piles of flood basalts testifies to high temperature thermal regime however there is uncertainty as to whether these magmas were derived from the subcontinental lithospheric mantle or sub-lithospheric mantle (i.e. asthenosphere or mantle plume sources or both. The range of Sr (ISr ≈ 0.7040–0.7132, Nd (ɛNd(t ≈ −14 to +8, Pb (206Pb/204Pb1 ≈ 17.9–20.6 and Os (γOs ≈ −5 to +11 isotope values of the ultramafic and mafic rocks does not permit a conclusive answer to ultimate source origin of the primitive rocks but it is clear that some rocks were affected by crustal contamination and the presence of near-depleted isotope compositions suggests that there is a sub-lithospheric mantle component in the system. The silicic rocks are derived by basaltic magmas/rocks through fractional crystallization or partial melting, crustal melting or by interactions between mafic and crustal melts. The formation of the Fe-Ti-V oxide-ore deposits is probably due to a combination of fractional crystallization of Ti-rich basalt and fluxing of CO2-rich fluids

  16. Some Environmental Consequences of Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, M. F.

    2009-12-01

    The formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs)—continental flood basalts, ‘volcanic’ margins, and oceanic plateaus—may impact the atmosphere, oceans, and biosphere by rapidly releasing huge amounts of particulates, magmatic volatiles (CO2, SO2, Cl, F, etc.), and potentially volatiles (CO2, CH4, SO2, etc.) from intruded sediments (e.g., carbonates, organic-rich shales, evaporites). A key factor affecting the magnitude of volatile release is whether eruptions are subaerial or marine; hydrostatic pressure inhibits vesiculation and degassing of relatively soluble volatile components (H2O, S, Cl, F) in deep water submarine eruptions, although low solubility components (CO2, noble gases) are mostly degassed even at abyssal depths. Directly or indirectly, such injections may cause changes in the atmosphere/ocean system that can lead to perturbations of atmosphere/ocean chemistry, circulation, ecology, and biological productivity. These changes can be global in extent, particularly if environmental conditions were at or near a threshold state or tipping point. LIPs may have been responsible for some of the most dramatic and rapid changes in the global environment. For example, between ~145 and ~50 Ma, the global ocean was characterized by chemical and isotopic variations (especially in C and Sr isotope ratios, trace metal concentrations, and biocalcification), relatively high temperatures, high relative sea level, episodic deposition of black shales (oceanic anoxic events), high production of hydrocarbons, mass extinctions of marine organisms, and radiations of marine flora and fauna. Temporal correlations between the intense pulses of igneous activity associated with LIP formation and environmental changes suggest more than pure coincidence. The 1783-84 eruption of Laki on Iceland provides the only historical record of the type of volcanism that constructs transient LIPs. Although Laki produced a basaltic lava flow representing only ~1% of the volume of a typical

  17. American Public Health Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Published Books Fact Sheets Reports and Issue Briefs Advertising Public Health Buyers Guide Publications Contacts Professional Development ... Steps Challenge doubles its goal Apr 11 2017 Facebook Is your organization an APHA member? As an ...

  18. Increasing Public Expenditure

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ammar Ben Zaed

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to analyze and interpret the phenomenon of increased public expenditures and test explanatory theories as well as to analyze Abstract the relationship between public spending and GDP...

  19. USGS Publications Warehouse

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The USGS Publications Warehouse is a metadata clearinghouse of all USGS Series Publications produced by the bureau since 1879. It is managed and operated as part of...

  20. Lighting and public health.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ierland, J. van & Schreuder, D.A.

    1969-01-01

    The following topics; are discussed with respect to public health: - the effect of visible and ultraviolet radiation upon man. - vision with respect to lighting. interior lighting. - artificial lighting of work environments. - day light and windows. - recommendations for lighting. public lighting. -