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Sample records for models zhaoxia yu

  1. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  2. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  3. Quantitative Analysis of Yu Ebao Based on Linear Regression Model%基于线性回归模型的余额宝价值分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冬青

    2014-01-01

    余额宝以其较低的门槛让更多的人接触到货币基金。通过介绍余额宝的主体框架以及2013年余额宝的收益和费用情况,建立线性回归模型,定量分析了余额宝的收益。经过研究发现:可以怀疑在高额利益的背后余额宝公司可能存在前期的贴息问题以吸引客户;余额宝通过协议存款将利润从银行转给客户的同时,并且在一定程度上也把风险转嫁给了客户;余额宝给金融行业带来了革命性的创新是不可否认的,同时也带来了潜在的系统性风险。%Yu Ebao,with its low threshold, let more people access to the monetary fund.Through detailed introduction of the main frame of Yu Ebao ,and the income and expenses of Yu Ebao.Establish a linear regression model,to analysis the Yu Ebao quantitatively.Through the study found that: in order to attract customers,Yu Ebao may have the problem of interests behind the high profits;Yu Ebao transfer the profit to customers from bank through agreement deposits ,and to a certain extent also the risk on to their customers at the same time ;Yu Ebao has brought the revolutionary innovation to the financial industry is undeniable,but also brought the potential systemic risk.

  4. Prose Writer Si Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    SI Yu, pen name of Zhan Shaojuan, is well known through her prose works. During the recent more than ten years, Chinese prose writing has developed rapidly, from its previous level to the present flourishing conditions. Si Yu is a distinguished woman writer, whose creative prose alternately displays either

  5. Inspired Violinist Yu Lina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    YU Lina is a famous Chinese violinist and a professor at the Shanghai Conservatory of Music. In 1959, she became famous when she collaborated with classmates He Zhanhao and Chen Gang from the Conservatory on a violin concerto called "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai" which is based on a well-known folk tale.~* The concerto combined Shaoxing opera and Western-style music.

  6. 福鼎槟榔芋主要轮作模式及其栽培技术%Main rotation models and cultivation techniques of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯密清

    2012-01-01

    Rotation cropping is the most effective technique measure in keeping the yield and quality of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu,this paper summarized the main advantages of rotation cropping,introduced the main rotation models and key cultivation techniques of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu.%轮作是保持福鼎槟榔芋产量和品质的最有效技术措施,本文综述了槟榔轮作的主要优点,介绍了福鼎槟榔芋主要轮作模式以及关键栽培技术。

  7. The Functional Study of a Chinese Herbal Compounded Antidepressant Medicine--Jie Yu Chu Fan Capsule on Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Mouse Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingling Ding

    Full Text Available Jie Yu Chu Fan capsule (JYCF is a new compounded Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of depression. The present study was designed to explore the antidepressant effects and the possible mechanisms of JYCF by using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS mouse model and comparing results to that of fluoxetine. Behavioral tests including an open field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of JYCF. The concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolic products including norepinephrine (NE, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, dopamine (DA, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA, homovanillic acid (HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice were determined by means of high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC. The results show that a successful mouse CUMS model was established through 5 weeks of continuous unpredictable stimulation, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose preference and locomotor activity and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Chronic treatment of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg significantly reversed the CUMS-induced behavioral abnormalities. JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg significantly increased NE in CUMS mouse prefrontal cortex (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively and 5-HT in hippocampus (P < 0.05. In summary, our findings suggest that JYCF exerts comparable antidepressant-like effects to that of fluoxetine in CUMS mice. Besides, the antidepressant-like effect of JYCF is mediated by the increase of monoaminergic transmitters including 5-HT and NE.

  8. Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang exerts effects on a rat model of postpartum depression by regulating inflammatory cytokines and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li JY

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Jingya Li,1,* Ruizhen Zhao,1,* Xiaoli Li,1 Wenjun Sun,1 Miao Qu,1 Qisheng Tang,1 Xinke Yang,1 Shujing Zhang2 1Third Affiliated Hospital, 2School of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang (SJF is composed of eight Chinese medicinal herbs. It is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating postpartum depression (PPD. Previous studies have shown that SJF treats PPD through the neuroendocrine mechanism. Aim: To further investigate the effect of SJF on the immune system, including the inflammatory response system and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg cells. Materials and methods: Sprague Dawley rats were used to create an animal model of PPD by inducing hormone-simulated pregnancy followed by hormone withdrawal. After hormone withdrawal, the PPD rats were treated with SJF or fluoxetine for 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Levels of Treg cells in peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry analysis. Serum interleukin (IL-1β and IL-6 were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and gene and protein expressions of IL-1RI, IL-6Rα, and gp130 in the hippocampus were observed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Results: Serum IL-1β in PPD rats increased at 2 weeks and declined from then on, while serum IL-6 increased at 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Both IL-1β and IL-6 were downregulated by SJF and fluoxetine. Changes in gene and protein expressions of IL-1RI and gp130 in PPD rats were consistent with changes in serum IL-1β, and were able to be regulated by SJF and fluoxetine. The levels of Treg cells were negatively correlated with serum IL-1β and IL-6, and were decreased in PPD rats. The levels of Treg cells were increased by SJF and fluoxetine. Conclusion: Dysfunction of proinflammatory cytokines and Tregs in different stages of PPD was attenuated by SJF and fluoxetine through

  9. Analysis on the Yu'ebao Phenomenon Based on SWOT Model%基于SWOT模型对余额宝现象的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴兼弟

    2015-01-01

    Through SWOT analysis method, this paper analyzes the internal advantages and disadvantages, external opportunities and threats of Yu'ebao in the background of information globalization and puts forward the related policy suggestions.%本文运用SWOT态势分析法,对余额宝在当前信息全球化的大背景下的内部优势与劣势、外部机会和威胁进行了研究分析,并提出了相关政策建议。

  10. Effect of Yi-nao-jie-yu decoction on γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor in the hippocampus and serum inflammatory factors in a rat model of poststroke anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang W

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Wen Zhang,1 Ruizhen Zhao,1 Xiaoli Li,1 Xia Cui,1 Zijun Zhao,1 Yingqiu Mao,2 Fengzhi Wu,3 Qisheng Tang1 1Department of Encephalopathy, The Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Center of Scientific Research, 3Center of Journals, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Background: The Yi-nao-jie-yu decoction (YNJYD is a herbal preparation widely used in the clinics of traditional Chinese medicine and has been recently used as an important new therapeutic agent in poststroke anxiety (PSA. The neuroendocrine–immune system plays an important role in PSA mechanisms, although the modulating effects of YNJYD remain unknown. This study investigated the potential effects of YNJYD on the neuroendocrine–immune system in a rat model of PSA.Materials and methods: The PSA model was induced by injecting collagenase (type VII into the right globus pallidus, accompanied by empty water bottle stimulation for 2 weeks. The sham group and the PSA model group were gavaged with saline, while the treatment groups received buspirone (BuSpar or YNJYD. Behavior was evaluated with the open field test and elevated plus maze once a week. Pathological changes were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin (IL-6, adrenocorticotropic hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, IL-1α, and cortisol were detected by radioimmunoassay. Expression of the γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR α2 subunit was examined by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: YNJYD-treated rats exhibited significantly better recovery than BuSpar-treated rats at 21 days and 28 days in the open field test and elevated plus maze. Hematoxylin and eosin staining revealed neural repair in the hippocampus in the treatment groups. Serum levels of IL-1α in the YNJYD group were significantly less than those in the model group and the Bu

  11. Preface in dedication to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jesse Zhu; Xiaotao Bi

    2006-01-01

    @@ This special issue of China PARTICUOLOGY is dedicated to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu of Tsinghua University, China, to celebrate over five decades of their careers in chemical engineering research and education.

  12. Preface in dedication to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jesse; Zhu; Xiaotao; Bi

    2006-01-01

      This special issue of China PARTICUOLOGY is dedicated to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu of Tsinghua University, China, to celebrate over five decades of their careers in chemical engineering research and education.……

  13. Variational Data Assimilation Experiments of Mei-Yu Front Rainstorms in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云峰; 王斌; 韩月琪; 朱民; 侯志明; 周毅; 刘宇迪; 寇正

    2004-01-01

    The numerical forecasts of mei-yu front rainstorms in China has been an important issue. The intensity and pattern of the frontal rainfall are greatly influenced by the initial fields of the numerical model. The 4-dimensional variational data assimilation technology (4DVAR) can effectively assimilate all kinds of observed data, including rainfall data at the observed stations, so that the initial fields and the precipitation forecast can both be greatly improved. The non-hydrostatic meso-scale model (MM5) and its adjoint model are used to study the development of the mei-yu front rainstorm from 1200 UTC 25June to 0600 UTC 26 June 1999. By numerical simulation experiments and assimilation experiments, the T106 data and the observed 6-hour rainfall data are assimilated. The influences of many factors, such as the choice of the assimilated variables and the weighting coefficient, on the precipitation forecast results are studied. The numerical results show that 4DVAR is valuable and important to mei-yu front rainfall prediction.

  14. Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang has antidepressant effects in a rodent model of postpartum depression by regulating the immune organs and subsets of T lymphocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qu M

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Miao Qu,1 Qisheng Tang,1 Xiaoli Li,1 Ruizhen Zhao,1 Jingya Li,1 Hong Xu,2 Yushan Gao,2 Yingqiu Mao31Third Affiliated Hospital, 2School of Basic Medical Sciences, 3Center of Scientific Research, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Background: Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang (SJ Fang is a herbal preparation used in traditional Chinese medicine, and is a potentially important new therapeutic agent in postpartum depression (PPD. Previously, we have elucidated the effects of SJ Fang on hormone receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axes in PPD rats. However, the immune-modulating effects of SJ Fang in PPD are still unknown. In this study, we explored the effects of SJ Fang on the immune organs and subsets of T lymphocytes in PPD rats.Methods: PPD was created in Sprague-Dawley rats by inducing hormone-simulated pregnancy followed by hormone withdrawal. After hormone withdrawal, the PPD rats were then treated with fluoxetine at 1, 2, and 4 weeks, and the SJ Fang rats were also treated at 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Depressive behavior in the rats was evaluated by the forced swim test, sucrose consumption test, and open field test. The thymus index and spleen index were calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to identify pathological features in the thymus and spleen. CD3, CD4, and CD8 lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry.Results: Both fluoxetine and SJ Fang increased immobility time, sucrose consumption, an horizontal and vertical movements. After 4 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine or SJ Fang, the thymus index and spleen index were significantly higher than at baseline, and the morphology of the thymus and spleen were returning to normal. Two weeks after hormone withdrawal, subsets of T lymphocytes indicated a shift from immune activation to immune suppression, which was reversed by 4 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine or SJ

  15. 当阳峪窑址群考察纪略%THE INVESTIGATION AND PRELIMINARY STUDY OF DANG YANG YU KILNSITE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建保

    2011-01-01

    Through the investigation and preliminary study of 19 kilnsites at Dang Yang Yu kiln , I basically master the modeling, decoration and fire craft of porcelain works with white glaze, dichroic glaze,twistable glaze, twistable color, dark brown glaze, black glaze, green glaze, Jun glaze and three-color glazed pottery, emerald glazed pottery of Dang Yang Yu kiln, and find the material about “double-firing process” .Through the investigation, I find Dang Yang Yu kiln' s first burning was in the late Tang Dynasty. During its first burning and development phases, Dang Yang Yu kiln was influenced by Gongyi kiln, Yaozhou kiln,Xing kiln, Ding kiln, Cizhou kiln, Jun kiln and other kilns nearby at different degree. The generalized Dang Yang Yu kiln is Huaiqing kiln according to the literature, and the ancient kiln at Boai county local is Henei kiln. Dang Yang Yu kiln reached its height of prosperity at Song and Jin period, it influenced and promoted the development of Zibo kiln and other kilns nearby, and went down to Qing Dynasty. Besides satisfying common market consumption, Dang Yang Yu kiln also went into the rank of tribute because of its outstanding quality.%通过对当阳峪窑19处窑址的考察与初步研究,基本掌握了当阳峪窑白釉、双色釉、绞胎、绞彩、酱釉、黑釉、青釉、钧釉瓷器和三彩、翠兰釉陶器的造型、装饰和烧造工艺,发现"二次烧成"的资料.通过研究,发现当阳峪窑始烧于唐代晚期.在其创烧与发展阶段,受到了巩义窑、耀州窑、邢窑、定窑、磁州窑及钧窑等周边窑口不同程度的影响.广义的当阳峪窑即文献记载的怀庆窑,博爱县地域的古代窑场即文献记载的河内窑.当阳峪窑在宋金时期达到鼎盛,影响、促进了淄博窑等周边窑口的发展,并延续至清代.除了满足一般性的市场消费,由于品质优秀,还跻身贡奉之列.

  16. Regional distribution of putative NPY Y*U1 receptors and neurons expressing Y*U1 mRNA in forebrain areas of the rat central nervous system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Philip J.; Sheikh, Søren P.; Jakobsen, Cherine R.

    1993-01-01

    Anatomi, neurobiologi, neuropeptide Y, NPY analogues, receptor autoradiography, in situ hybridization histochemistry, Y*U1 mRNA, Y*U1 andY*U2 receptors, rat......Anatomi, neurobiologi, neuropeptide Y, NPY analogues, receptor autoradiography, in situ hybridization histochemistry, Y*U1 mRNA, Y*U1 andY*U2 receptors, rat...

  17. Downscaling of the climatic change in the Mei-yu rainband in East Asia by a pseudo climate simulation method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawase, H.; Yoshikane, T.; Hara, M. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change; Ailikun, B. [Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing (China). Institute of Atmospheric Physics; Kimura, F. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change]|[Univ. of Tsukuba (Japan). Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences; Yasunari, T. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change]|[Nagoya Univ. (Japan). Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center

    2008-07-01

    This study focuses on the reproducibility of the climatic change in the early summer rainfall in East Asia (Mei-yu rainband) by the Pseudo Climate Simulation (PCS) using a regional climate model. In the PCS, the lateral boundary condition is given by the composite of six hourly reanalysis data and the difference between two decadal climate means. The daily variation on the lateral boundary of the PCS is similar to that of the control hindcast in one decade, but its climate is the same as the other decadal mean. The PCS accurately reproduces the change in the Mei-yu rainband over Southern China between the 1960s and the 1990s, suggesting that the climatic features of the Mei-yu rainband are controlled by the climatic change in a large-scale circulation. The PCS reduces the uncertainty caused by the interannual variability in case of the downscaling of global warming projected by the General Circulation Models (GCMs) even if the number of sample years is the same as that in the conventional dynamical downscaling. The PCS can also exclude model biases in the present climatology reproduced by each GCM.

  18. Chronological Records of Li Anzhai and Yu Shiyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hongliang

    2013-01-01

    In the history of Chinese ethnolo-gy, Li Anzhai and Yu Shiyu were not only life partners, but also an important academic married couple, especially in Tibetology.Li Anzhai was not only a representative in frontier research in China , but also a core figure in the West China school of Anthropology .He also has an important position in the history of modern academics . Yu Shiyu had an extremely rich talent for languages , and was good at sorting out bibliographies .Moreo-ver, she was interested in field investigation , which laid a solid foundation for her research on Tibetology .She also provided important support for Li Anzhai’ s fieldwork in Tibetan areas.The cou-ple ’ s academic life blended with each other , and they could be regarded as “two birds with the same destination” ( tianya tongming niao) . The life of this couple can help us understand that their life was both manifested and hidden from view by the times, and their academic life was both created and destroyed by the times .With regard to their academic position and social impact , it was a pity that their academic research did not meet the expectation of academic circles . Within various works related to the review of the history of the dis-ciplines, the couple was always included , in spite of the fact that the introductions to them were al-ways very simple .Although they are mentioned in some sporadic works , most of these works are only introductory articles or book reviews . Up until now, no one has systematically researched their life and academic thought .Hence, the author, by combing through various documents and archives , gives a chronological record of Li Anzhai ’ s and Yu Shiyu ’ s life story and academic achievements in order to provide basic historical data for academ-ic circles to carry out further research on the histo-ry of the discipline .

  19. Yu's Wavelet-a New Wavelet Used to Improve Resolution in Seismic Data Processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Weicui; Liu Jiren

    1996-01-01

    @@ Yu Shoupeng, a senior geophysicist in Bureau of Geophysical Prospecting (BGP) of China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) announced his new researched result - a broad band Ricker wavelet in Science and Technology Fair of (Geophysical Research Institute)GRI early this year. For his result, Yu,Shoupeng was rewarded with First Prize of GRI and all participants of the fair were impressed very much by his work. The new wavelet was named as Yu's wavelet.

  20. Dr. Yu Wenqiu's Experience in Treating Seborrheic Alopecia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ding Xiongfei

    2007-01-01

    @@ In China, the occurrence of seborrheic alopecia is on the rise. Chief physician Yu Wenqiu, by combining the rich experience obtained by physicians at all times with his own long-term clinical practice, has developed Shenying Yihao Shengfa Tang and Shenying Erhao Shengfa Tang(神应Ⅰ号生发汤Decoction for Hair Growth No.Ⅰand 神应Ⅱ号生发汤 Decoction for Hair Growth No. Ⅱ), which have yielded very good therapeutic effects for seborrheic alopecia. Following is an introduction to his experience in this aspect.

  1. Orbital Picture of Yu-Shiba-Rusinov Multiplets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruby, Michael; Peng, Yang; von Oppen, Felix; Heinrich, Benjamin W; Franke, Katharina J

    2016-10-28

    We investigate the nature of Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) subgap states induced by single manganese (Mn) atoms adsorbed on different surface orientations of superconducting lead (Pb). Depending on the adsorption site, we detect a distinct number and characteristic patterns of YSR states around the Mn atoms. We suggest that the YSR states inherit their properties from the Mn d levels, which are split by the surrounding crystal field. The periodicity of the long-range YSR oscillations allows us to identify a dominant coupling of the d states to the outer Fermi sheet of the two-band superconductor Pb.

  2. [On the contribution of Prof. Yu. S. Balashov to the fundamental parasitology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryss, A Iu

    2013-01-01

    Brief review of main conceptions of Yu. S. Balasov in fundamental parasitology: types of host-parasite relations, evolution, transmissive infections, econiches, population structure, parasite communities.

  3. Yu Zida Vice President and CTO of Haier Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Yu Zida is the Vice President and CTO of Haier Corporation,Member of IEC/MSB,Vice President of Patent Protection Association of China,Vice Chairman of CAS,Member of CNAB,Vice Director of the Board of China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment and Vice Chairman of China Energy Conservation Association.He was rated as a National Young and Middle-Aged Expert with Great Contributions and awarded many times the National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology,enjoying allowance from the State Council.Under the leadership of Yu,Haier has become the household appliance enterprise that participate most widely in the development and revision of international,national and industrial standards in the industry in China,undertaking the secretariat of Sub-committee on Service of National Household Appliances Standardization Technical Committee and the secretariat of Sub-committee on Reliability of National Household Appliances Standardization Technical Committee.It has promoted the overall improvement of quality and service in the Household Appliances industry by standards.

  4. 通瘀化痰法对异丙基肾上腺素致大鼠心衰模型的实验研究%The Experimental Study of TongYuHuaTan Methods on the Effects in Rat Model with Isoproterenol Induced Chronic Heart Failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏; 王晓峰; 艾静; 徐新利

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究通瘀化痰法对异丙基肾上腺素(ISO)诱导大鼠慢性心力衰竭(CHF)模型的治疗作用和对血清脑钠肽(BNP)的影响.方法:76只Wistar大鼠(雌雄各半)随机分为空白组和造模组,造模组皮下注射异丙基肾上腺素2次(170 mg·kg-1)间隔24小时,空白组皮下注射生理盐水O.25 ml,间隔24小时,6周后应用超声心动图检测,以左室射血分数≤45%确定造模成功,将心衰大鼠模型随机分为模型组、中药低、中、高剂量组及西药组,平均治疗4周后进行心脏超声检查,利用酶联免疫吸附法(EUSA)测定各组大鼠血清BNP的含量.结果:异丙肾致慢性心衰大鼠心功能下降、心脏重量指教增加、BNP升高明显;经治疗4周,各治疗组均有不同程度改善,其中中药中、高剂量组作用优于西药组,统计有显著性差异(P<0.01).结论:通瘀化痰法能显著改善心功能,减轻心衰症状,逆转心室重构,其作用可能与抑制心衰大鼠血清BNP表达有关.%Objective: To study the treatment of TongYuHuaTan Methods in rat model with isoproterenol induced chronic heart failure and to observe the effects on brain natriuretic peptide (BNP).Methods: 76 Wistar rats (male and female) were randomly divided into blank control group and ISO-induced CHF group ( ISO group).The rats in ISO group were subcutaneously injected with 170 mg/kg ISO for 2 times at a 24 hours interval.While the rats in blank control group were given a subcutaneous injection of 0.25 ml normal saline for 2 times at a 24 hours interval.At the sixth week, echocardiography was used to evaluate the change of heart function in heart failure rats.The ISO-induced CHF rats, with an the left vontricular ejection fraction ( LVEF ) ≤45%, were randomly divided into 5 groups: model group, the Traditional Chinese Medicine low, medium and high dose group and weatem medicine group; after 4 weeks of treatment, the heart function parameters were detected by echocardiogram

  5. Molecular mapping of leaf rust resistance genes in the wheat line Yu 356-9

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Liu-sha; LI Zai-feng; WANG Jia-zhen; SHI Ling-zhi; ZHU Lin; LI Xing; LIU Da-qun; Syed J A Shah

    2015-01-01

    The Chinese wheat line Yu 356-9 exhibits a high level of resistance to leaf rust. In order to decipher the genetic base of resistance in Yu 356-9, gene postulation, inheritance analyses, and chromosome linkage mapping were carried out. Gene postulation completed using 15 leaf rust pathotypes and 36 isogenic lines indicated that Yu 356-9 was resistant to al pathotypes tested. F1 and F2 plants from the cross Yu 356-9 (resistant)/Zhengzhou 5389 (susceptible) were tested with leaf rust pathotype“FHNQ”in the greenhouse. Results indicated a 3:1 segregation ratio, indicative of the presence of a single dominant leaf rust resistance gene in Yu 356-9 which was temporarily designated as LrYu. Bulk segregant analysis and molecular marker assays were used to map LrYu. Five simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers on chromosome 2BS were found closely linked to LrYu. Among these markers, Xwmc770 is the most closely linked, with a genetic distance of 5.7 cM.

  6. Study on Yu Guangzhong’s Flexibility and Opposition of Translationese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周楚

    2014-01-01

    Yu Guangzhong, a well-known Chinese scholar, promotes his thoughts in his book Yu Guangzhong’s Comment on Translation.This paper analyses his thoughts of flexibility and opposition of translationese and prove significances of his thoughts by making a comparison of two English versions of The Old Man and the Sea.

  7. Dr. Yu Wang, Director, Natural Science Division, National Science Council, Taiwan

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01: L. to r.: Dr. Philippe Bloch, CERN CMS ECAL Deputy Project Manager, Dr. Yu Wang, Dr. Etiennette Auffray, CERN, responsible of the CERN ECAL Regional Centre. Photo 02: L. to r.: Dr. Yu Wang, Dr. Philippe Bloch, Dr. Apollo GO, National Central University, Taiwan, Dr. Etiennette Auffray.

  8. XIANG Yu and Guanzhong%项羽与关中

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐卫民

    2012-01-01

    项羽是中国古代杰出的军事家,在灭秦的过程中立下了汗马功劳,充分展示出他的军事天才,但他属于悲剧英雄。这一悲剧的原因与他的关中情节有关,对关中的不仁不义使他失去了立国关中的基础,造成了他的最后失败。%XIANG Yu is an outstanding military strategist of ancient China, and he showed his great military talents and genius in destroying Qin, but he is a tragic hero. The cause of this tragedy had some- thing to do with Guanzhong in inhumane unjust and caused him to lose the nation in Guanzhong, leading to his final defeat.

  9. Nerve remodeling in a canine model of atrial fibrillation induced by 48 hours right atrial pacing YU%快速右心房起搏致犬心房迷走神经重构的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于付生; 张彦; 冯艳; 张玲; 马艳红; 宋伟; 侯月梅

    2010-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the nerve remodeling induced by 48 hours right atrial pacing in a canine model. Methods Rapid right atrial pacing (600 beats/min) was performed in 6 mongrel dogs of either sex for 48 hours to induce sustained atrial fibrillation (AF). Six dogs without pacing served as controls. Cardiac nerves were immunocytochemically stained using anti-growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and anti-choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) antibodies to compare nerve sprouting and pneumogastric nerve remodeling between the 2 groups. Results In dogs with AF, the GAP43-positive and CHAT-positive nerve densities in the left atrium, left auricular appendage, right atrium and right auricular appendage were significantly higher than in control animals (all P <0.05). Moreover, nerve density was significantly higher in the right atrium than in the left atrium in dogs with AF. Microscopic examinations revealed an inhomogeneous distribution of cardiac nerves. Conclusion Significant nerve sprouting and pneumogastric nerve remodeling were evidenced in the right and left atrium in a canine model of sustained AF induced by 48 hours right atrial pacing.%目的 通过对快速心房起搏犬的神经相关因子的研究,观察右心房快速起搏48 h是否引起神经重构及其在心房颤动(房颤)中的作用.方法 健康杂种犬12只,随机分为房颤组(6只)和对照组(6只).右心房起搏600次/min、持续48 h.通过一种在发芽轴突生长丘中表达的蛋白质(GAP-43)和乙酰胆碱转移酶(CHAT)来了解心脏神经萌发和迷走神经的重构.结果 在房颤犬的左心房、左心耳、右心房和右心耳,GAP-43和CHAT的神经密度同对照组相比明显增高,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).此外,房颤犬的右心房GAP-43和CHAT的神经密度与左心房有明显差异(P<0.05),显微镜下显示每个样点心脏神经不均匀分布.结论 48 h持续起搏犬右心房形成阵发性房颤,可见明显的神经萌发和迷走神经重构且不均一分布.

  10. Evaluation of Chinese medicine Qian-Yu for chronic bacterial prostatitis in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinhu Wu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : Qian-Yu (QY, a Chinese medicine formula, has anti-inflammatory and broad spectrum anti-bacterial activity. This study is undertaken to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of Qian-Yu (QY in chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP. Materials and Methods : The potential of QY in the treatment of CBP was evaluated using a CBP animal model by examining the anti-inflammatory activity. Its consequences were analyzed by immunological and histopathological methods. Experimental chronic bacterial prostatitis was induced by instillation of bacterial suspension of Escherichia coli 7.5 ΄ 10 5 CFU/ml into the prostatic urethra. Animals were followed up for four weeks and then treated with either 7 mg/kg QY or 7 mg/kg positive control agent-Qianlietai (QLT or 1 ml of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS for the controls. Ten rats in each group were sacrificed at the end of four weeks. The inhibition of inflammation and its consequences were analyzed histologically. Prostatic IL-8, SIgA and zinc concentrations were measured by ELISA, RIA and ICP-AES, respectively. The data was expressed as mean ± S.D. Least-significant difference (LSD of one-way ANOVA (SPSS 12.0 was used to determine the differences of scores. Results : The histopathology showed resolving prostatitis in QY-and QLT-treated groups and the immunology showed reduction of IL-8 and increment of SIgA contents in prostatic tissues as compared to the control groups. The prostatic zinc levels were higher in the QY-and QLT-treated groups than those in the controls. These results suggested that QY is effective in CBP treatment.

  11. Elementary Proof of Yu. V. Nesterenko Expansion of the Number Zeta(3 in Continued Fraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutnik Leonid

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Yu. V. Nesterenko has proved that , , , , , , and for ; , , and , for His proof is based on some properties of hypergeometric functions. We give here an elementary direct proof of this result.

  12. Effect on Distribution and Expression ofμ-opioid Receptor in Hippocampus of Premenstrual Syndrome Liver-qi Stagnation Rat Model by Shu-Yu Capsule%舒郁胶囊对PMS肝气郁证模型大鼠海马μ阿片受体分布表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王美艳; 宋春红; 薛玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨经前期综合征(PMS)肝气郁证模型大鼠海马脑区μ阿片受体(MOR)分布形态、蛋白水平表达,初步揭示PMS肝气郁证的发生机理及舒郁胶囊对该病证的干预作用.方法:采用慢性束缚应激法复制PMS肝气郁证模型大鼠,分别予以调肝方药舒郁胶囊进行干预.采用免疫荧光标记(IF)和蛋白免疫印迹(WB)技术对各组大鼠海马CA1、CA3脑区MOR进行检测.结果:与正常组大鼠相比,模型组大鼠海马脑区MOR分布排列杂乱且蛋白含量增多(P<0.01),给予药物干预后,MOR蛋白含量基本恢复至正常水平.结论:PMS肝气郁证的发病机理可能与大鼠海马中CA1、CA3区 MOR高表达有关;舒郁胶囊可以有效纠正其恢复近正常水平,这可能是舒郁胶囊治疗PMS肝气郁证的中枢机制之一.%This study was aimed to discuss the distribution and protein expression level ofμ-opioid receptor (MOR) in hippocampus of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) liver-qi stagnation rat model, in order to initially reveal the action mechanism of PMS liver-qi stagnation and intervention effect ofShu-Yu (SY) capsule. Chronic restraint stress method was used to copy PMS liver-qi stagnation rat model.SY capsule ofTiao-Gan prescription was given as intervention. Immunofluorescence (IF) and western blot (WB) technique were used to detect MOR in hippocampal CA1 and CA3 brain area of rats from each group. The results showed that compared with the normal group, the hippocampus MOR distribution arrangement was messy with increased protein concentration in the model group (P< 0.01). After drug intervention, the MOR protein level returned to normal level. It was concluded that the pathogenesis of PMS liver-qi stagnation may be associated with high expression of MOR in hippocampus CA1 and CA3 region of rats. SY capsule can effectively correct and restore it to nearly normal level. It may be one of the central mechanisms in SY capsule treatment of PMS liver-qi stagnation.

  13. Comparative Studies of Different Mesoscale Convection Parameterization Schemes in the Simulation of Mei-Yu Front Heavy Rain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PING Fan; LUO Zhe-Xian

    2010-01-01

    The mei-yu front heavy rainstorms occurred over Nanjing on 3-5 and 8-9 July 2003 and were simu-lated in this paper using the Weather Research and Fore-casting Model (WRFv3.1) with various mesoscale con-vection parameterization schemes (MCPSs). The simula-tions show that the temporal and spatial evolution and distribution of rainstorms can be modeled; however, there was incongruity between the comparative simulations of four different MCPSs and the observed data. These dis-parities were exhibited in the simulations of both the 24-hour surface rainfall total and the hourly precipitation rate. Further analysis revealed that the discrepancies of vertical velocity and the convective vorticity vector (CVV) between the four simulations were attributed to the devia-tion of rainfall values. In addition, the simulations show that the mid-scale convection, particularly the mesoscale convection system (MCS) formation, can be well simu-lated with the proper mesoscale convection parameteriza-tion schemes and may be a crucial factor of the mei-yu front heavy rainstorm. These results suggest that, in an effort to enhance simulation'and prediction of heavy rain-fall and rainstorms, subsequent studies should focus on the development and improvement of MCPS.

  14. On Regional Division of Suitable Producing Areas of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Zhi-hua; WANG Xin-min; QIAO Qing-mei; CHENG Mao-gao; LIU Yong-lu; XIE Cai-xiang; CHEN Shi-lin

    2012-01-01

    With the aid of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Geographic Information System(TCMGIS-I),on the basis of planting base of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza in Fangcheng County of Henan Province,we selected key ecological factors such as the temperature,altitude,soil type,and precipitation that affect growth of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza,and analyzed ecological suitability of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza in China and in Henan Province.Results show that Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza has large suitable area in China,up to 10 provinces.At the similitude degree of 90% to 100%,its suitable distribution area can reach 309 205 km 2 theoretically.Among the suitable areas,the distribution area is large in Sichuan,Shaanxi,Jiangsu,Hubei and Henan provinces,each of which up to 24 000 km 2.At the similitude degree of 80% to 90%,the suitable areas of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza are mainly in Fangcheng,Xichuan,Dengzhou,Xinyang and Nanzhao counties,which are consistent with record of relevant data.

  15. YU Ren-cun(郁仁存)——A Famous Oncologist in Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ YU Ren-cun was born on August 1,1934.After graduating from Jiangxi Medical College in 1955,he took part in the very first Western Doctors' Class for Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) held in Beijing from March 1959 to December 1961.Prof.YU systematically learned TCM while taking this class.Since 1962,he has been working in the Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine,eventually being promoted to a Chief Physician by the Beijing Municipal Government in May of 1981.In 1997,Prof.YU was selected as a well-known veteran for the National TCM Doctor Inheritance Work by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SATCM).The State Council of China has awarded him a special subsidy every month for his excellent work.

  16. Prof.Yu Weichao's Life%俞伟超先生生平

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国国家博物馆

    2004-01-01

    Prof. Yu Weichao, a famous archaeologist and the former Director of the Museum of Chinese History, passed away on December 5, 2003, at the age of 70, from an incurable disease. As a master of great learning and integrity of our time, Prof. Yu not only cultivated for our country a great amount of talent specialized personnel in archaeology, but also carried out researches as the main pioneer of Qin-Han archaeology. In the archaeology of the Neolithic Age and studies of the Chu culture, he also obtained authoritative research accomplishments. Prof. Yu fought all his life for the cause of Chinese archaeology and museology. His unfortunate passing away is a great loss for the cause of archaeology.

  17. Analysis of a Group of Weak Small-Scale Vortexes in the Planetary Boundary Layer in the Mei-yu Front

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAI Guoqing; ZHOU Lingli; WANG Zhi

    2007-01-01

    A mei-yu front process in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River on 23 June 1999 was simulated by using the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University-NCAR (PSU/NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5) with FDDA (Four Dimension Data Assimilation). The analysis shows that seven weak small mesoscale vortexes of tens of kilometers, correspondent to surface low trough or mesoscale centers, in the planetary boundary layer (PBL) in the mei-yu front were heavily responsible for the heavy rainfall. Sometimes, several weak smallscale vortexes in the PBL could form a vortex group, some of which would weaken locally, and some would develop to be a meso-α-scale low vortex through combination. The initial dynamical triggering mechanism was related to two strong currents: one was the northeast flow in the PBL at the rear of the mei-yu front, the vortexes occurred exactly at the side of the northeast flow; and the other was the strong southwest low-level jet (LLJ) in front of the Mei-yu front, which moved to the upper of the vortexes. Consequently, there were notable horizontal and vertical wind shears to form positive vorticity in the center of the southwest LLJ.The development of mesoscale convergence in the PBL and divergence above, as well as the vertical positive vorticity column, were related to the small wind column above the nose-shaped velocity contours of the northeast flow embedding southwestward in the PBL, which intensified the horizontal wind shear and the positive vorticity column above the vortexes, baroclinicity and instability.

  18. Interdecadal Modulation of the Influence of La Ni(n)a Events on Mei-yu Rainfall over the Yangtze River Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xin; WANG Dongxiao; ZHOU Wen; LI Chongyin

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the relationship between mei-yu rainfall over East China and La Ni(n)a events in the late 1970s,a period concurrent with the Pacific climate shift,using meiyu rainfall data and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR) reanalysis.This relationship was modulated by the climate shift:Before the 1977/1978 climate shift and after the 1992/1993 climate shift,mei-yu rainfall levels were above normal in most La Ni(n)a years,whereas during the period 1979-1991,mei-yu rainfall was usually below normal levels in La Ni(n)a years.Both composite analyses and results from an atmospheric general circulation model show remarkable detail in terms of La Ni(n)a's impacts on mei-yu rainfall in the late 1970s due to the change in the mean climatic state over the tropical Pacific.After the late 1970s.the tropical Pacific SSTs were warmer,and the mean state of low-level anticyclone circulation over the western North Pacific (WNP) weakened.Superimposed on La Ni(n)a related cyclonic anomaly over the WNP.anticyclonic circulation weakened.Prior to the late 1970s,the mean state of low-level anticyclone circulation over the WNP was stronger and was less affected by La Ni(n)a-related anomalous cyclones.Anticyclone circulation may have brought moisture to the Yangtze River valley,leading to above-normal rainfall.

  19. Impact of 4DVAR Assimilation of Rainfall Data on the Simulation of Mesoscale Precipitation Systems in a Mei-yu Heavy Rainfall Event

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The multi-scale weather systems associated with a mei-yu front and the corresponding heavy precipitation during a particular heavy rainfall event that occurred on 4-5 July 2003 in east China were successfully simulated through rainfall assimilation using the PSU/NCAR non-hydrostatic, mesoscale, numerical model (MM5) and its four-dimensional, variational, data assimilation (4DVAR) system. For this case, the improvement of the process via the 4DVAR rainfall assimilation into the simulation of mesoscale precipitation systems is investigated. With the rainfall assimilation, the convection is triggered at the right location and time, and the evolution and spatial distribution of the mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) are also more correctly simulated. Through the interactions between MCSs and the weather systems at different scales,including the low-level jet and mei-yu front, the simulation of the entire mei-yu weather system is significantly improved, both during the data assimilation window and the subsequent 12-h period. The results suggest that the rainfall assimilation first provides positive impact at the convective scale and the influences are then propagated upscale to the meso- and sub-synoptic scales.Through a set of sensitive experiments designed to evaluate the impact of different initial variables on the simulation of mei-yu heavy rainfall, it was found that the moisture field and meridional wind had the strongest effect during the convection initialization stage, however, after the convection was fully triggered,all of the variables at the initial condition seemed to have comparable importance.

  20. Physical Properties of Asteroid (308635) 2005 YU55 derived from multi-instrument infrared observations during a very close Earth-Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Mueller, T G; Kiss, C; Gurwell, M A; Hasegawa, S; Vilenius, E; Sako, S; Kamizuka, T; Nakamura, T; Asano, K; Uchiyama, M; Konishi, M; Yoneda, M; Ootsubo, T; Usui, F; Yoshii, Y; Kidger, M; Altieri, B; Lorente, R; Pal, A; O'Rourke, L; Metcalfe, L

    2013-01-01

    The near-Earth asteroid (308635) 2005 YU55 is a potentially hazardous asteroid which was discovered in 2005 and passed Earth on November 8th 2011 at 0.85 lunar distances. This was the closest known approach by an asteroid of several hundred metre diameter since 1976 when a similar size object passed at 0.5 lunar distances. We observed 2005 YU55 from ground with a recently developed mid-IR camera (miniTAO/MAX38) in N- and Q-band and with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 1.3 mm. In addition, we obtained space observations with Herschel/PACS at 70, 100, and 160 micron. Our thermal measurements cover a wide range of wavelengths from 8.9 micron to 1.3 mm and were taken after opposition at phase angles between -97 deg and -18 deg. We performed a radiometric analysis via a thermophysical model and combined our derived properties with results from radar, adaptive optics, lightcurve observations, speckle and auxiliary thermal data. We find that (308635) 2005 YU55 has an almost spherical shape with an effective diamete...

  1. English Translation Strategies of Lun Yu:A Post-colonial Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xiaoman; Peng Zhen

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses English translation strategies of Lun Yu from the perspec-tive of post-colonialism translation theory. Post-colonial translation theory makes research like cultural archaeology on translation practice, and influences translation practice through power difference of power discourse. It researches and interprets the translator’ s conscious and unconscious value orientations and choices of strategy. Under its guidance,a research is made concerning the English translation of Lun Yu,and four strategies,namely,domestication,for-eignization,hybridization and decolonization,are explicitly explained and analyzed.

  2. 巴西固氮螺菌Yu62在玉米根的定植%Colonization Pattern of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 on Maize Roots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘元; 陈三凤; 李季伦

    2003-01-01

    Plasmid pVK1001 which carried the gfp gene of GFPmut2, a mutant of GFP, was introduced into Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 by electroporation. Maize seedlings were inoculated with the GFP-labelled bacteria and grown gnotobiotically in flask with semi-solid agar medium. Observations were performed with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and electron microscopy, respectively, at 8 d and 12 d after inoculation. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that A. brasilense Yu62 could penetrate into the cortex tissue, colonizing in the intercellular spaces of the parenchyma cells of the cortex tissue. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy (TEM) showed that the majority of the bacteria colonized on the root surface and only a minority of them resided in the root interior.%将GFPmut2质粒中的gfp基因 (编码绿色荧光蛋白)克隆到载体pVK100中,构建成重组质粒pVK1001.将pVK1001通过电转化方法导入到联合固氮菌巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,获得GFP标记的巴西固氮螺菌Yu62菌株.用标记菌株接种限菌培养条件下生长的玉米(农大3318)幼苗,在接种后8 d、12 d,用激光共聚焦扫描显微镜进行观测,结果表明巴西固氮螺菌Yu62菌株能定植于玉米根部皮层的薄壁细胞间隙.用扫描电镜和超薄切片电镜观察表明,大多数细菌主要定植于根表,少数菌可进入玉米根组织内.

  3. CCD Photometric Observations of 2005 YU55 During the 2011 November Flyby

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, B. D.; Stephens, R. D.; Brinsfield, J. W.; Larsen, F. R.; Jacobsen, J.; Foster, J.; Richmond, M.; Franco, L.

    2012-05-01

    Analysis of CCD photometric observations of the near-Earth asteroid 2005 YU55 during the 2011 flyby determined one of two possible periods: 16.3 h or 19.3 h. Initial indications from radar observations are that the longer period is the more probable.

  4. Yu-Shiba-Rusinov states in phase-biased S-QD-S junctions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiršanskas, Gediminas; Goldstein, Moshe; Flensberg, Karsten;

    2015-01-01

    We study the effects of a phase difference on Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) states in a spinful Coulomb-blockaded quantum dot contacted by a superconducting loop. In the limit where charging energy is larger than the superconducting gap, we determine the subgap excitation spectrum, the corresponding...

  5. Professor YU Yun's Experience in Treating Tumor by Pulse-feeling and Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yong-jian; DI Ruo-hong; LI Yong; LI Yan-li; CHENG Xiao-mi

    2006-01-01

    @@ Professor YU Yun was born in Suzhou city, Jiangsu province in 1940. After graduation from Xuzhou Medical College in 1964, professor YU has been engaged himself in integrative Chinese & western medicine practice in Shanghai Tumor Hospital. In the middle 1980s, he was invited to Spain for traditional Chinese medicine research. He participated in world acupuncture conferences many times and delivered speeches. He wrote the book Pulse-feeling and Acupuncture for Tumor Treatment and published articles at home and abroad. He is an honorary professor of American Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, permanent member of World Society of Integrative Chinese & Western Medicine, research fellow of Shanghai Center of Acupuncture and Meridian, and the director of Spain Institute of Pulsefeeling and Acupuncture. Greatly interested in Chinese medicine and acupuncture, professor YU has been engaged in Pulse-feeling and acupuncture to treat late tumor and various kinds of difficult disorders for nearly forty years, and achieved wonderful results. I am honored to follow professor YU and learnt a lot. Now I present professor's experience in treating tumor by Pulse-feeling and acupuncture.

  6. [Cloning and functional analysis of glnB from Azospirillum brasilense Yu62].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Z H; Chen, S F; Li, J L

    2001-01-01

    The glnB gene of A. brasilense Yu62 was determined in a 3.7 kb EcoRI + PstI fragment. The glnA is located downstream of glnB and an ORF for hypothetical protein is on upstream of glnB. The deduced amino acid sequence of PII encoded by glnB is 71%, 77%, 79% and 69% identical to that of K. pneumoniae, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Rhizobium leguninosarum and E. coli, respectively. A Km-casette was inserted into BglII site of glnB coding region and GlnB- mutant was obtained by homologous recombination. The GlnB- mutant has lost the nitrogenase activity, i.e.: Nif-. For the functional confirmation of glnB gene, a complementary test was carried out and it was shown that C-glnB(glnB::Km/glnB) can restore the nitrogenase activity. When the recombinant plasmid pVK-II which containined the coding region of glnB was introduced into A. brasilense Yu62 and A. brasilense Yu62 DraT-, respectively, the Yu62-II (containing pVK-II) and draT-II(containing pVK-II) showed higher nitrogenase activity than wild type. These results confirmed that glnB plays an important role in the regulation of nitrogen in A. brasilense.

  7. Professor LIAN Yu-lin's Experience in Treating Gynecological Disorders by Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚方明

    2006-01-01

    @@ Professor LIAN Yu-lin, a chief doctor in the acupuncture department of the first affiliated hospital of Tianjin College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been engaged himself in Chinese medicine for over 30 years with perfect medical skills and rich experience in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases and cervical and lumbar diseases, especially in the treatment of gynecological disorders by acupuncture. I follow professor Lian as an intern and have learnt some skillful techniques in the treatment of gynecological disorders by acupuncture.

  8. Yu Zhengsheng Attends Reception Marking 45th Anniversary Of China-Equatorial Guinea Diplomatic Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu; Liya

    2015-01-01

    On April 29,the CPAFFC held a reception in Beijing to celebrate the 45th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Equatorial Guinea.Yu Zhengsheng,Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference(CPPCC)and Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo,President of Equatorial Guinea,spoke on the occasion.Among the audience of some 150were Abdul’ahat Abdulrixit,former

  9. 论庾信礼学观%On YU Xin’ s Concept of Ritual Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳洋峰

    2014-01-01

    庾信的作品可谓篇篇有“礼”。从具体的作品考察可知,庾信知耻铭辱的礼学观念与其所处的时代背景、家学传统、个人学养以及上层统治者对“礼”教化功能的重视都是紧密相连的。庾信怀国以礼、弘扬至孝及事君以礼等观念对后世所起的影响亦不可忽视。%Each of YU Xin’ s works can be described with the word "ritual". The study of his specific works shows that YU Xin’ s ritual concept of shame and disgrace is closely related to his historical back-ground, family tradition, personal knowledge and cultivation as well as the upper ruler’ s emphasis on the educational function of rituals. YU Xin yearned for his country with ritual, promoted piety and served the emperor with ritual, all of which have great influence on the following generations.

  10. Increases in Xu Zheng and Yu Zheng among Patients with Breast Cancer Receiving Different Anticancer Drug Therapies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheng-Miauh Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The objectives of this study were to compare yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu among patients with breast cancer right before, one month after, and three months after receiving target, chemo, or combined therapy. Method. After recruiting 126 patients from 4 hospitals in northern Taiwan, a longitudinal study was carried out with 61 patients receiving chemotherapy, 30 receiving target therapy, and 35 receiving combined therapy. Yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu were assessed using the Traditional Chinese Medical Constitutional Scale (TCMCS, with higher scores indicating more xu and yu. Results. There were significant increases in yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu at 1 month and 3 months after than before the start of the chemotherapy, target, or combined therapy. Patients receiving combined therapy had significantly higher scores in yang-xu and yin-xu than patients receiving chemo or target therapy. A history of coronary heart disease was associated with more yin-xu. Those patients who had undergone a mastectomy were associated with less yu zheng than those patients who had not. Conclusion and Implications. TCM doctors should focus their treatment on dealing with xu and yu in order to support their patients, as they complete their modern anticancer treatments.

  11. 20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型阐释%20th Century Chinese Literature Gun Yu Archetypical

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙胜杰

    2014-01-01

    Gun Yu myth as a prototype in the literature as a hero mythology, it is perhaps the epitome of human to the hero worship, accumulate at the bottom of the pioneers of the original consciousness. In 20th century Chinese literature Gun Yu prototype is not simply repeat the Gun Yu myth, not just confined to a single, forever hero model, but with the development of history and the cultural background of the different age is rich, the constantly changing, constantly displacement deformation, from hero to ordinary mortals. In 20th century Chinese literature Gun Yu prototype become forces so as to express its own cultural codes, not only reflects the profound connotation of culture and history of the works, but also let us in the same original thinking mode of the experience of different cultures, and more direct, more profound understanding prototype this is both abstract and concrete, is both varied and genetic stability of human culture and literature.%鲧禹神话作为原型在文学中被塑造成英雄神话,它凝结了人类对英雄的崇拜,积淀在原始先民的意识底层。20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型并不是对鲧禹神话的简单重复,也不仅局限在单一的、永远不变的英雄模式,而是随着历史发展和不同时代文化背景被不断丰富、变化,不断置换变形,从英雄走向普通凡人。20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型成为各种力量借以表达自身的文化符码,既体现出了作品的深厚的文化底蕴和历史内涵,又能让我们在相同的原始思维的模式下体验不同的文化,也能更直接、更深刻地认识原型这一既抽象又具体,既多变又稳定的人类文化与文学基因。

  12. Small angle scattering at the IBR-2 reactor Festschrift Ostanevich (Yu M)

    CERN Document Server

    Gordeliy, V I

    2002-01-01

    This is a short review intended for the eminent Russian physicist professor Yu.M. Ostanevich, laureate of the 2000 Award of the Russian Federation on Science and Technology for substantial contribution to the development of highly effective SANS spectrometer at IBR-2. Not pretending to highlight all the numerous sides of his scientific activities, in this review we wanted to emphasize his decisive role in installation of the unique spectrometer at IBR-2 and his notable contribution to the development and investigation of different scientific fields at this spectrometer.

  13. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei

    2014-05-01

    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way.

  14. 试述俞正燮妇女思想%On Yu Zhengxie's Thoughts on Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李恒

    2015-01-01

    俞正燮,字理初,清安徽黟县人,是清嘉道年间的一位重要考据学家和思想家。少年时的俞正燮天资聪颖,喜好读书。后因家道变故,他不得不四处奔走,傭书为业,期间两次科考均名落孙山。在妇女思想方面,俞正燮大声疾呼男女平等,切实维护妇女权益,如他提出一夫一妻制、反对妇女缠足、抨击妇女贞洁观以及妒非女人恶德等。%Yu Zhengxie, with Lichu as his courtesy name, born in Yixian of Anhui in Qing Dynasty, is an important textual criticism scholar and thinker during Jiaqing and Daoguang period of Qing Dynasty. Young Yu Zhengxie was talented and loved reading. Afterwards, he had to go hither and thither and lived by copying books, and during this period he failed in official examinations twice. On women, he actively advocated gender equality, earnest-ly maintained women's rights, for example, he proposed one-wife for one-husband system, opposed foot binding, slashed the out-look on women's chastity and women's immorality.

  15. Comparison of congener profiles of polychlorinated biphenyls between Yu-cheng children and a potential food source

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lung Shih-Chun Candice [Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, Taipei (Taiwan); Guo Yu-Liang Leon; Chang Ho-Yuan [Dept. of Environmental and Occupational Health, Coll. of Medicine, National Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan (Taiwan)

    2004-09-15

    In 1979, about two thousand people in central Taiwan were intoxicated by consumption of the rice oil that was contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This ''Yu-cheng'' incident was one of the two human tragedies which people ingested substantial amounts of PCBs within a short period of time. Some of the follow-up epidemiological studies focused on the children born to the exposed mothers, the Yu-cheng children, since they could be exposed to PCBs via breast-feeding or transplacental transfer. This report presents the results of the serum PCB levels of the 21 Yu-cheng children with a congener-specific analysis. On the other hand, fish consumption is thought to be the single most important exposure route to PCBs to the general public; thus, it is crucial to understand PCB exposure from fish consumption. In a separated study to assess PCB contamination in fish, PCB congener concentrations in tilapia (Oreochromis hybrids), the most popular fish in Taiwan, were evaluated. The consumption quantity of tilapia is the highest throughout the Island. It is mostly farmed in fresh water but can also be bred in saltwater. This report presents the concentrations and profiles in the serums of the Yu-cheng children. The congener profile is compared with PCB profile in the serum of Yu-cheng women reported previously and that in one of the potentially significant exposure source, tilapia, conducted in a separated work. Remarkable similarity between the profile of Yu-cheng children and that of the tilapia is revealed and discussed.

  16. Biopolítica, Gobierno y Salud Pública. Miradas para un diagnóstico diferencial, de Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adán Salinas Araya

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy (editores.Participan: Rodrigo Karmy, Philippe Monti, Mariela Cecilia Ávila, Tuillang Yuing, Miguel Kotow, Jimena Carrasco, Sandra Caponi,  Luis David Castiel, Yuri Carvajal, Jorge Gaete.Escuela de Salud Pública- Ocho Libros EdicionesOctubre 2014, 206 pp.ISBN: 978-956-335-213-9

  17. Biopolítica, Gobierno y Salud Pública. Miradas para un diagnóstico diferencial de Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy

    OpenAIRE

    Adán Salinas Araya

    2015-01-01

    Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy (editores).Participan: Rodrigo Karmy, Philippe Monti, Mariela Cecilia Ávila, Tuillang Yuing, Miguel Kotow, Jimena Carrasco, Sandra Caponi,  Luis David Castiel, Yuri Carvajal, Jorge Gaete.Escuela de Salud Pública- Ocho Libros EdicionesOctubre 2014, 206 pp.ISBN: 978-956-335-213-9

  18. PREFACE: SANS-YuMO User Meeting at the Start-up of Scientific Experiments on the IBR-2M Reactor: Devoted to the 75th anniversary of Yu M Ostanevich's birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordely, Valentin; Kuklin, Alexander; Balasoiu, Maria

    2012-03-01

    The Second International Workshop 'SANS-YuMO User Meeting at the Start-up of Scientific Experiments on the IBR-2M Reactor', devoted to the 75th anniversary of the birth of Professor Yu M Ostanevich (1936-1992), an outstanding neutron physicist and the founder of small-angle neutron scattering (field, group, and instrument) at JINR FLNPh, was held on 27-30 May at the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics. The first Workshop was held in October 2006. Research groups from different neutron centers, universities and research institutes across Europe presented more than 35 oral and poster presentations describing scientific and methodological results. Most of them were obtained with the help of the YuMO instrument before the IBR-2 shutdown in 2006. For the last four years the IBR-2 reactor has been shut down for refurbishment. At the end of 2010 the physical launch of the IBR-2M reactor was finally realized. Nowadays the small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) technique is applied to a wide range of scientific problems in condensed matter, soft condensed matter, biology and nanotechnology, and despite the fact that there are currently over 30 SANS instruments in operation worldwide at both reactor and spallation sources, the demand for beam-time is considerably higher than the time available. It must be remembered, however, that as the first SANS machine on a steady-state reactor was constructed at the Institute Laue Langevin, Grenoble, the first SANS instrument on a 'white' neutron pulsed beam was accomplished at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at the IBR-30 reactor, beamline N5. During the meeting Yu M Ostanevich's determinative and crucial contribution to the construction of spectrometers at the IBR-2 high-pulsed reactor was presented, as well as his contribution to the development of the time-of-flight (TOF) small-angle scattering technique, and a selection of other scientific areas. His leadership and outstanding scientific achievements in applications of the

  19. La fuerza expresiva del deseo en Lan Yu de Stanley Kwan .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David L. Eng

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Stanley Kwan's Lan Yu configures the emergence of homosexuality in contemporary China far beyond its validation in recognizably Western identitarian terms: the affirmation of an existing but misrecognized minority population; the defense of sexual "perversion"; the positing of sexual freedom, legal recognition, and political rights; the justification of a bourgeois consumer lifestyle, or even the expression of a universalizing and bindingtove bringing togethertwo abstract individuáis. Instead, in Kwan's film, homosexuality and its expressive desire mark the emergence of a new humanism in (postsocialist China under the shadows of global capitalism and neoliberal development. Gays and lesbians, that is, are harbingers of a new modernity, helping to situate China in its proper place within a cosmopolitan globalized world. From this perspective, homosexuality functions as a critical tool for organizing and evaluating the historical continuities and ruptures among China's (semicolonial past, its revolutionary aspirations for a socialist modernity, and its present investments in a neoliberal capitalist world order.

  20. On the Differences between Chinese and Western Culture--From Fighting Against the Flood of King Yu to Noah's Ark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张长江

    2015-01-01

    With the increasing cross-culture communication, more and more linguists come to realize that the cultural gap is a large obstacle in cultural transition and social intercourse.This paper discusses the differences between Chinese and Western culture from King Yu combating the flood to Noah's Ark to help Chinese communicate with westerners and develop Cross-Cultural Communication smoothly.

  1. Serum concentrations and profiles of polychlorinated biphenyls in Taiwan Yu-cheng victims twenty years after the incident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lung, S.-C. Candice [Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan 115 (China); Guo, Y.-L.L. [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Rd., Tainan, Taiwan 70428 (China); Chang, H.-Y.[Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Rd., Tainan, Taiwan 70428 (China)]. E-mail: h7154@mail.ncku.edu.tw

    2005-07-15

    In 1979, about 2000 people in central Taiwan were intoxicated via rice oil consumption that was contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This 'Yu-cheng' incident was one of the two known major human PCB intoxication episodes. Twenty years after the intoxication, serum samples of 435 Yu-cheng victims, 414 adults and 21 children, were collected. Sixteen PCB congeners were analyzed with a gas chromatograph-electron capture detector. We found the median concentration of total PCBs in the adult serum was 1500 ng/g lipid, still substantially higher than that of the general population in Taiwan (3.7-fold) and most seafood consumers in the world. Most of analyzed PCB congeners in children were below or around the detection limits. Congener no. 138, however, had the highest concentrations, approximately accounting for 55% and 29% in the child and adult groups, respectively. Given that PCBs are persistent organic pollutants and endocrine disruptors, the concentrations and congener-specific profiles regarding the Yu-cheng victims provide valuable information for the investigation of such chemicals in humans. - Total serum PCBs in the Yu-cheng adult victims twenty years after the incident were still higher than that of the general population in Taiwan.

  2. Migration of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 from Root to Stem and Leaves Inside Rice and Tobacco Plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHIFeng; SHENShi-Hua; CHENSan-Feng; JINGYu-Xiang

    2004-01-01

    Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand, Krieg et Doebereiner is one of the important plant growthpromotion endophytes. A. brasilense Yu62 tagged with gfp gene was inoculated into roots of rice and tobacco seedlings, which were then, cultured in gnotobiotic condition. At a certain days after inoculation the different portions of the seedling were observed under laser confocal microscope, resulting in that A.brasilense Yu62 bacteria were colonized in epidermal and cortical cells, intercellular spaces and vascular system of stem and leaf tissue interiors besides in roots. Higher populations of the bacteria isolated from roots, stems and leaves indicated that A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria could ascend themselves from roots to stems and leaves of rice and tobacco. This observation lays down the foundation for ecology and cell morphology of bacterial migration inside plants, interaction between A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria and host cells as well as the plant-growth promotion, provides scientific basis for further application, and is of importance in science and practice.

  3. Physical properties of asteroid 308635 (2005 YU55) derived from multi-instrument infrared observations during a very close Earth approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, T. G.; Miyata, T.; Kiss, C.; Gurwell, M. A.; Hasegawa, S.; Vilenius, E.; Sako, S.; Kamizuka, T.; Nakamura, T.; Asano, K.; Uchiyama, M.; Konishi, M.; Yoneda, M.; Ootsubo, T.; Usui, F.; Yoshii, Y.; Kidger, M.; Altieri, B.; Lorente, R.; Pál, A.; O'Rourke, L.; Metcalfe, L.

    2013-10-01

    The near-Earth asteroid 308635 (2005 YU55) is a potentially hazardous asteroid which was discovered in 2005 and passed Earth on Nov. 8, 2011 at 0.85 lunar distances. This was the closest known approach by an asteroid of several hundred metres in diameter since 1976 when an object of similar size passed at 0.5 lunar distances. We observed 2005 YU55 from the ground with a recently developed mid-IR camera (miniTAO/MAX38) in N and Q bands and with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 1.3 mm. In addition, we obtained space observations with Herschel/PACS at 70, 100, and 160 μm. Our thermal measurements cover a wide range of wavelengths from 8.9 μm to 1.3 mm and were taken after opposition at phase angles between -97° and -18°. We performed a radiometric analysis via a thermophysical model and combined our derived properties with results from radar, adaptive optics, lightcurve observations, speckle, and auxiliary thermal data. We find that 308635 (2005 YU55) has an almost spherical shape with an effective diameter of 300 to 312 m and a geometric albedo pV of 0.055 to 0.075. Its spin axis is oriented towards celestial directions (λecl, βecl) = (60° ± 30°, -60° ± 15°), which means it has a retrograde sense of rotation. The analysis of all available data combined revealed a discrepancy with the radar-derived size. Our radiometric analysis of the thermal data together with the problem to find a unique rotation period might be connected to a non-principal axis rotation. A low to intermediate level of surface roughness (rms mean slope in the range 0.1-0.3) is required to explain the available thermal measurements. We found a thermal inertia in the range 350-800 Jm-2 s-0.5 K-1, very similar to the rubble-pile asteroid 25 143 Itokawa and indicating a surface with a mixture of low conductivity fine regolith with larger rocks and boulders of high thermal inertia. Table 2 is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  4. A Study of Formation and Development of One Kind of Cyclone on the Mei-yu (Baiu) Front

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤; 赵思雄

    2004-01-01

    The paper presents one diagnosis of baroclinity and the coupling of jets during the developing process of a cyclone that occurred on the mei-yu (Baiu) front around the end of the second stage of the mei-yu (Baiu)in 1998. Results have shown that: (1) The advantageous changes of upper-level large-scale circulation caused the appearance and maintenance of the coupling between the upper-level jet (ULJ) and lower-level jet (LLJ) over the cyclone's area. The coupling of jets in this case possesses some different characteristics from previous cases. Moreover, the coupling between the ULJ and LLJ caused the intensification of both lower-level convergence and upper-level divergence, which was favorable for the development of this cyclone. (2) From the analysis of the voricity budget, the role of lower-level convergence in the development of the cyclone was emphasized. Divergent wind in the lower troposphere was a direct contributor to the development of the cyclone. (3) During the development of the cyclone, cold air and warm air were_active over the cyclone's domain. Although this cyclone occurred at the mei-yu (Baiu) front, its development assumed baroclinity to a certain extent, which was just the main difference between this kind of cyclone and the first kind of low which is usually barotropic (or quasi-barotropic). (4) In recent years, studies on mei-yu front lows have paid more attention to the lower troposphere. In this paper, the analysis of the energy budget further supports this point: the certain effect of baroclinity forcing in the upper troposphere on mei-yu front lows cannot be ignored.

  5. Screening active components from Yu-ping-feng-san for regulating initiative key factors in allergic sensitization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Dandan; Xie, Xuejian; Zhu, Zhijie; Yu, Xi; Liu, Hailiang; Wang, Huizhu; Fan, Hongwei; Wang, Dawei; Jiang, Guorong; Hong, Min

    2014-01-01

    Yu-ping-feng-san (YPFS) is a Chinese medical formula that is used clinically for allergic diseases and characterized by reducing allergy relapse. Our previous studies demonstrated that YPFS efficiently inhibited T helper 2 cytokines in allergic inflammation. The underlying mechanisms of action of YPFS and its effective components remain unclear. In this study, it was shown that YPFS significantly inhibited production of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), an epithelial cell-derived initiative factor in allergic inflammation, in vitro and in vivo. A method of human bronchial epithelial cell (16HBE) binding combined with HPLC-MS (named 16HBE-HPLC-MS) was established to explore potential active components of YPFS. The following five components bound to 16HBE cells: calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, claycosin, sec-o-glucosylhamaudol and formononetin. Serum from YPFS-treated mice was analyzed and three major components were detected claycosin, formononetin and cimifugin. Among these, claycosin and formononetin were detected by 16HBE-HPLC-MS and in the serum of YPFS-treated mice. Claycosin and formononetin decreased the level of TSLP markedly at the initial stage of allergic inflammation in vivo. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB, a key transcription factor in TSLP production, was also inhibited by claycosin and formononetin, either in terms of transcriptional activation or its nuclear translocation in vitro. Allergic inflammation was reduced by claycosin and formononetin when they are administered only at the initial stage in a murine model of atopic contact dermatitis. Thus, epithelial cell binding combined with HPLC-MS is a valid method for screening active components from complex mixtures of Chinese medicine. It was demonstrated that the compounds screened from YPFS significantly attenuated allergic inflammation probably by reducing TSLP production via regulating NF-κB activation.

  6. Color Difference Detection of Technology Ceramic Tile Based on CIE YU'V'%基于CIE YU'V'的瓷砖颜色色差检测技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄颖怡; 汪仁煌; 蔡建新

    2008-01-01

    为实现瓷砖颜色分级的自动检测,提出一种基于CIE YU'V'空间的色差计算方法.该方法将数据从RGB颜色空间转换CIE YU'V'均匀颜色空间,利用U'、V'分量计算标准瓷砖与被测瓷砖的色差.通过对总体平均色差和小区域窗口色差进行分析,确定瓷砖颜色等级.该方法对颜色匀度及缺陷具有一定的检测效果.

  7. Maps of Relocation and Poems of Tang Dynasty Poets: Li Bai, Du Fu, and Han Yu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    羅鳳珠、白璧玲、廖泫銘、范毅軍 、鄭錦全 Feng-Ju Lo,Pi-Ling Pai,Hsiung-Ming Liao,I-Chun Fan,Chin-Chuan Cheng

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Geographic environments affect literary contents and genre and thus, since ancient times, geographical area has been used to classify Chinese literature. In 1936 Liang Qichao was keenly aware of the relationship between literature and geography and brought up the idea of “literarygeography”. In 1979 Professor Chen Zhengxiang produced maps of birthplaces of Tang and Song poets to show the shift of Chinese cultural center from north to south. Furthermore, in the pastdecade, the attention to research in literary geography and geographical distribution of writersgradually increased. However, most studies focused on geographical distribution of birthplaces of writers and very few focused on the relationship between poets’ journey and the contents of their writings and their geographic environment. Meanwhile, geographic information system and aerialphotography have developed quickly and have become useful tools for the study of literary geography.Since then, the academic circles in Taiwan have built a solid foundation in this area. While Li Baiand Du Fu were called poetic immortal and poetic sage of the middle and end periods of the heydayof Tang Dynasty, respectively, Han Yu advocated the classical Chinese movement and becameone of the eight great authors of Tang and Song dynasties. Han Yu was also the best representative of Middle Tang poets. While the styles of these three poets differed from each other, they held key positions in the development and evolution of Tang poetry. Their footprints spread all over the countryand greatly affected later developments and contemporary of poetry. This project makes use of the digital Tang Dynasty maps by Tan Qixiang, Tang Dynasty transportation route maps by Yan Gengwang,aerial maps, the All Tang Poems, and chronicles of the poets to build the three poets’ relocation maps and study their poetic literature, language, geography, and interactions with others, in hopesof opening a new research direction

  8. The Significance of The Internet Finance in China-as Yu Ebao for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Jialin

    2015-01-01

    Today,in China,the internet finance appears and develops fast,in addition,the strengthening of network security, the development of mobile Internet,cloud computing,big data,all the relevant information technology in domestic development is ex-tremely fast and provides powerful support for the development of finance in China.Over the years,basically,Chinese financial indus-try is dominated by the banks and the banks mainly serve the state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises and government finan-cing platform.Under such environment,the regulations for the Internet finance.the people's bank of China,the China banking regula-tory commission,securities and insurance regulatory commission,and other financial regulators are issued to support the development of the Internet financial signals.Meanwhile,the emergence of zong an online,Internet marketing insurance license,P2P,Yu Ebao show the supports of the government to the development of the Internet finance.

  9. On the Hermit of Yu Pingpo%论俞平伯的"隐逸"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许海丽; 徐元绍

    2016-01-01

    俞平伯是中国现代隐逸文学的代表性作家之一,在他身上体现出了现代隐逸的种种特质.他隐于自然,在美丽的山水中表现自我,感悟人生;他隐于书斋,读书著书,教书育人;他隐于宗教,近佛结禅心,以宽容豁达的态度对待一切;他隐于昆曲艺术,唱曲谱曲,用昆曲的美妙缔结了他与爱妻的一世情缘.%Yu Pingpo is one of the representative Chinese hermit writers, and he embodies the idiosyncrasy of modern hermit. He lives in nature, displaying himself in landscape and comprehending of the true meaning of life. He lives in companionship of books as he indulges himself in reading books and writing books and at the same time he imparts knowledge and educates people. He also believes in religion, firmly believing in Buddhism and treating everything in a tolerant and open-minded way. In addition, he is full of enthusiasm about Kunqu opera, singing the lyrics, composing the music and plighting himself to his beloved wife.

  10. M.Yu. Lermontov’s linguistic/literary personality through perspective of linguistic personality perception by philologist V.V. Vinogrado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa N. Kuznetsova

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The article considers M.Yu. Lermontov’s linguistic / literary personality through perspective of linguistic personality perception by Great Russian scientist-philologist and linguist, Academician V.V. Vinogradov.

  11. Primary Exploration about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu%庾信《拟连珠》初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓妮

    2012-01-01

    在对连珠体的形成与演变加以概述的基础上,从题旨、语言形式与艺术表现手法、逻辑推理方式三方面探究了庾信《拟连珠》的艺术成就,并将其与陆机的《演连珠》进行比较,认为庾信的《拟连珠》虽直接脱胎于陆机的《演连珠》,但正是经过庾信的点化,才使得连珠获得了自我的个性生命色彩。%On the basis of summarizing the condition about Lian-Zhu's formation and evolvement,this thesis has explored the artistic achievement of about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu from three aspects:thematic role;form of language and artistic technique of expression,and compared it with Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,this thesis considered,although Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu comes directly from Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,Lian-Zhu is no other than sublimated by Yu Xin's,it then has received its own individual living feature.

  12. Effects of SongYuAnShenFang on Serum Cytokines Levels of Sleep Dep-rivation Rats%松郁安神方对睡眠剥夺大鼠血清细胞因子的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李星; 黄俊山; 张一帆; 曾雪爱; 张娅

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To observe the effects of SongYuAnShenFang on serum cytokines levels of sleep depri-vation rats.METHODS The sleep deprivation in rats model was constructed with the method called “modified mul-tiple platform method”.Comparions were housed either in normal cages or in tanks with large platforms.After the treatment of SongYuAnShenFang in Sleep Deprivation Rats ,serum levels of IL-1β、TNF-αwere measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS Significant differences in serum level of TNF-αwere observed between SongYuAnShenFang group and REM sleep deprivation group ( P0.05 ).CONCLUSION SongYuAnShenFang in improving sleep quality may be based on its regulation of serum level of TNF-α,then adjust the excessive body metabolism caused by sleep depriveation.%目的:观察松郁安神方对睡眠剥夺大鼠血清细胞因子的影响,进一步探讨松郁安神方调节睡眠的机制。方法采用“改良多平台睡眠剥夺法”构建睡眠剥夺大鼠模型,以正常笼养及大平台作为对照组,采用酶联免疫吸附法测定睡眠剥夺大鼠经松郁安神方治疗后,血清细胞因子IL-1β、TNF-α水平的变化。结果松郁安神方组血清TNF-α高于REM睡眠剥夺组(P<0.05);松郁安神方组血清IL-1β较正常对照组、大平台环境对照组及REM睡眠剥夺组无显著性差异(P>0.05)。结论松郁安神方可能通过调节血清细胞因子TNF-α的含量从而调节睡眠,且通过对睡眠剥夺大鼠睡眠的调节继而改善睡眠剥夺所致机体的过度能量代谢。

  13. Colonization of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 in Wheat Via EGFP%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62的EGFP标记及其在小麦体内的定殖研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华伟; 王庆贺; 张宏; 王蕊; 肖红利; 郭蔼光

    2009-01-01

    以质粒pEGFP-C1为模板,采用PCR方法特异性扩增增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)基因全长序列,将其与原核表达载体pVK-100连接,构建成重组载体pVK-EGFP.利用电转化法将重组载体导入巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,得到EGFP标记菌株.用EGFP标记菌接种小麦'小偃107'种子,室内限菌条件下培养10 d后,用荧光显微镜观测标记菌在小麦体内的定殖规律并观察接菌植株的田间生长状况.结果显示,巴西固氮螺菌Yu62能定殖于小麦根毛区、茎组织的细胞间隙等部位,而且接菌小麦'小偃107'植株在根系发育、株高、分蘖数等方面比对照有较明显的优势.研究表明,巴西固氮螺菌Yu62能够定殖于小麦根茎内,并具有促进植物生长的作用.

  14. Supercavitation Advances and Perspectives A collection dedicated to the 70th jubilee of YuN Savchenko

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    This collection is dedicated to the 70th jubilee of Yu. N. Savchenko, and presents experimental, theoretical, and numerical investigations written by an international group of well-known authors. The contributions solve very important problems of the high-speed hydrodynamics, such as supersonic motion in water, drag diminishing, dynamics and stability of supercavitating vehicles, water entry and hydrodynamic performances of hydrofoils, ventilated cavities after a disc and under the ship bottom. The  book is written for researches, scientists, engineers, and students interested in problems of hydromechanics.

  15. Introduction to ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice--“who sent lfowers to animation, for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弟龙

    2014-01-01

    Cultural Creative Industries Cultural and Creative Industries, is a kind of economic globalization under the background of the creativity as the core of the emerging Industries, emphasis on a subject or Cultural factors depend on personal (team) through the industrialization of technology, Creative, and ways of industry development, marketing, intellectual property rights. With the high-speed development of creative cultural industry. As a cultural creative industries in the animation industry began to rise rapidly across the country. Based on the creation of animation who sent flowers as an example, analyzes how the ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice. Hope to be able to achieve this effect.

  16. Edward Denison, Guang Yu Ren, Luke Him Sau Architect: China’s Missing Modern, Chichester: John Wiley & Son

    OpenAIRE

    Kögel, Eduard

    2016-01-01

    This book by Edward Denison and Guang Yu Ren is one of the first of its kind, focusing on the biography of a first-generation architect from twentieth-century China. Like his fellow architects of that period, Luke Him Sau (Lu Qianshou, 陸謙受, 1904-1991) belonged to a group of architects educated at a Western school with a formal academic tradition. In late 1930s this generation designed the curricula for the architectural education system in China according to their experience in the West. The ...

  17. 关于《芋粥》的叙事分析%On the narrative analysis of "Yu Zhou"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴梦

    2012-01-01

      "Yu Zhou" is the history written novel based on "Akutagawa". Both in content and in form, his original creation is recreated again. Recreation of forms is mainly embodied in that the narrator is "explicit". Through analysis of the narrator's type in "Yu Zhou", can be better for the text narrative analysis.%  《芋粥》是芥川龙之介取材于《今昔物语集》写就的历史题材的小说。无论从内容上还是从形式上,芥川都对原作进行了再创作。形式上的再创作主要体现在让叙述者“外显”这一点上。而通过分析《芋粥》中叙述者的类型,可以更好地对文本进行叙事分析

  18. Ground-based radar reflectivity mosaic of mei-yu precipitation systems over the Yangtze River-Huaihe River basins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yali; Qian, Weimiao; Gong, Yu; Wang, Hongyan; Zhang, Da-Lin

    2016-11-01

    The 3D radar reflectivity produced by a mosaic software system, with measurements from 29 operational weather radars in the Yangtze River-Huaihe River Basins (YRHRB) during the mei-yu season of 2007, is compared to coincident TRMM PR observations in order to evaluate the value of the ground-based radar reflectivity mosaic in characterizing the 3D structures of mei-yu precipitation. Results show reasonable agreement in the composite radar reflectivity between the two datasets, with a correlation coefficient of 0.8 and a mean bias of -1 dB. The radar mosaic data at constant altitudes are reasonably consistent with the TRMM PR observations in the height range of 2-5 km, revealing essentially the same spatial distribution of radar echo and nearly identical histograms of reflectivity. However, at altitudes above 5 km, the mosaic data overestimate reflectivity and have slower decreasing rates with height compared to the TRMM PR observations. The areas of convective and stratiform precipitation, based on the mosaic reflectivity distribution at 3-km altitude, are highly correlated with the corresponding regions in the TRMM products, with correlation coefficients of 0.92 and 0.97 and mean relative differences of -7.9% and -2.5%, respectively. Finally, the usefulness of the mosaic reflectivity at 3-km altitude at 6-min intervals is illustrated using a mesoscale convective system that occurred over the YRHRB.

  19. 从生成至对接与深化--于赓虞研究述评%From Generation to Docking and Deepening:An Overview of Studies on YU Geng-yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司真真

    2016-01-01

    YU Geng-yu’s research can be divided into two stages:the research from 1923 to 1949 was often done by his friends,who opened the channel of YU Geng-yu ’s research in the poetic content,artistic form and influence at home and abroad.People of that time passed different judgments on the content and form of his poetry both positively and negatively.Some review involved complex human factors.The study after 1980 was the period of comprehensive deepening.Research on Poetry was gradually deepened based on the previous stage.Extraterritorial impact source extended from Shelley to Baudelaire,“rubayat”,Kuriyagawa,Wordsworth and so on.Diversity of poetry stage ,life experience of poets and poetic theory received more attention,which means that a new field of research was opened and research ideas and research method are also updated.%于赓虞研究可分为两个阶段:1923—1949年的研究多为其好友所作,在诗歌内容、艺术形式、中外影响等方面为于赓虞研究打开了通道,其中,诗歌的情感内容与艺术形式时人毁誉不一,牵涉到复杂的人事因素;1980年后的研究为全面深化期,诗歌方面在延续前一阶段研究的基础上逐渐深化,影响源由雪莱扩展至波德莱尔、《鲁拜集》、厨川白村和华兹华斯等,诗歌分期多样化,生平经历和诗论获得关注,意味着开辟了新的研究领域,研究观念和研究方法也得以更新。

  20. Transcriptomic Profiling Reveals Complex Molecular Regulation in Cotton Genic Male Sterile Mutant Yu98-8A.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiping Fang

    Full Text Available Although cotton genic male sterility (GMS plays an important role in the utilization of hybrid vigor, its precise molecular mechanism remains unclear. To characterize the molecular events of pollen abortion, transcriptome analysis, combined with histological observations, was conducted in the cotton GMS line, Yu98-8A. A total of 2,412 genes were identified as significant differentially expressed genes (DEGs before and during the critical pollen abortion stages. Bioinformatics and biochemical analysis showed that the DEGs mainly associated with sugars and starch metabolism, oxidative phosphorylation, and plant endogenous hormones play a critical and complicated role in pollen abortion. These findings extend a better understanding of the molecular events involved in the regulation of pollen abortion in genic male sterile cotton, which may provide a foundation for further research studies on cotton heterosis breeding.

  1. [Professor ZHANG Yu-Lian's experiences in treatment of post-stroke ataxia by regulating marrow sea acupuncture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Su-Ling

    2014-08-01

    The experiences and characteristics of professor ZHANG Yu-lian in regulating marrow sea acupuncture for treatment of post-stroke ataxia is introduced. Professor ZHANG established regulating marrow sea acupuncture based on the fundamentals of traditional Chinese medicine combined with brain functional region projection and cerebrovascular distribution of modern medicine. "Three acupoints regulating balance" "3 acupoints regulating transportation" "3 acupoints regulating tremor" and Fengchi (GB 20), Fengfu (GB 16), Wangu (GB 12), Tianzhu (BL 10) and C3-C6 Jiaji (Ex-B2) acupoints were applied in this kind of manipulation. We combined holding spirits of doctor and patient together, and controlled the sensation transduction with different manipulations to reach the foci, which emphasis on the doctor-patient cooperation and body-mind co-regulation, finally promote patients' comprehensive rehabilitation.

  2. 赤壁之战后的周瑜考论%On Zhou Yu After The Chibi Battle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林榕杰

    2011-01-01

    周瑜等在赤壁之战获胜后发动江陵之战,并最终迫使曹仁撤走。占领南郡江陵等地使得孙权后来在与刘备就荆州问题的交涉中处于较为有利的地位。刘备赴江东谈判“都督荆州”之事,周瑜、吕范劝孙权借机留下刘备。不过孙权接受了鲁肃的建c义,对刘备采取笼络、联合的立场,但又力求从刘备那谋取一定实际利益。周瑜向孙权提出先攻取巴蜀、汉中而后进占襄阳的战略规划。他或想到刘备以后会染指益州.因此主张先西进益州,这样可挤压刘备未来的战略发展空间,实现“二分天下”的目标。他的病逝使这一战略规划未能实现。赤壁之战后的周瑜是江东方面向外扩张的急进派,而且他抓住了向荆州扩张的机会。%Zhou Yu and other commanders launched the Jiangling Battle after their victory in the Chibi Battle, and later forced Cao Ren to retreat. After occupying Jiangling and some other places in Nanjun, Sun Quan strengthened his position in the negotiation on Jingzhou with Liu Bei. Liu Bei went to Jiangdong to carry on negotiations on his controlling Jingzhou, but Zhou Yu and Lu Fan advised Sun Quan to detain him. However, Sun Quan was persuaded by Lu Su to ally with Liu Bei, though with seeking certain benefits from the latter. Zhou Yu produced a strategic planning to capture Ba, Shu and Hanzhong, and then occupy Xiangyang. Perhaps at that time he realized Liu Bei would attack Yizhou later, so he argued for marching westwards to Yizhou in advance in order to squeeze the future strategic space of Liu Bei, and achieved his objectives of "dividing the empire into two parts". This strategic planning was not carried out because of his death. Zhou Yu belonged to the radical expansionists in Jiangdong after the Chibi Battle, and he seized the chance to expand into Jingzhou.

  3. Variational Assimilation of GPS Precipitable Water Vapor and Hourly Rainfall Observations for a Meso-β Scale Heavy Precipitation Event During the 2002 Mei-Yu Season

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Meng; NI Yunqi; ZHANG Fuqing

    2007-01-01

    Recent advances in Global Positioning System (GPS) remote sensing technology allow for a direct estimation of the precipitable water vapor (PWV) from delayed signals transmitted by GPS satellites, which can be assimilated into numerical models with four-dimensional variational (4DVAR) data assimilation. A mesoscale model and its 4DVAR system are used to access the impacts of assimilating GPS-PWV and hourly rainfall observations on the short-range prediction of a heavy rainfall event on 20 June 2002. The heavy precipitation was induced by a sequence of meso-β-scale convective systems (MCS) along the mei-yu front in China.The experiments with GPS-PWV assimilation successfully simulated the evolution of the observed MCS cluster and also eliminated the erroneous rainfall systems found in the experiment without 4DVAR assimilation. Experiments with hourly rainfall assimilation performed similarly both on the prediction of MCS initiation and the elimination of erroneous systems, however the MCS dissipated much sooner than it did in observations. It is found that the assimilation-induced moisture perturbation and mesoscale low-level jet are helpful for the MCS generation and development. It is also discovered that spurious gravity waves may post serious limitations for the current 4DVAR algorithm, which would degrade the assimilation efficiency, especially for rainfall data. Sensitivity experiments with different observations, assimilation windows and observation weightings suggest that assimilating GPS-PWV can be quite effective, even with the assimilation window as short as 1 h. On the other hand, assimilating rainfall observations requires extreme cautions on the selection of observation weightings and the control of spurious gravity waves.

  4. On the Differences between Chinese and Western Culture——From Fighting Against the Flood of King Yu to Noah’s Ark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张长江

    2015-01-01

    With the increasing cross-culture communication,more and more linguists come to realize that the cultural gap is a large obstacle in cultural transition and social intercourse.This paper discusses the differences between Chinese and Western culture from King Yu combating the flood to Noah’s Ark to help Chinese communicate with westerners and develop CrossCultural Communication smoothly.

  5. WANG Yongping,Zhonggu shiren qianyi yu wenhua jiaoliu%王永平:《中古士人迁移与文化交流》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张聪

    2007-01-01

    @@ In Zhonggu shiren qianyi yu wenhua jiaoliu (Literati migration and culturalexchange in the medieval period), Wang Yongping argues that large-scalerelocation and dislocation of shiren or educated elite during the medieval period(220-581) contributed greatly to the spread of region-specific learning traditions,religious practices, and social customs.

  6. Contrasts of Atmospheric Circulation and Associated Tropical Convection between Huaihe River Valley and Yangtze River Valley Mei-yu Flooding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HONG Jieli; LIU Yimin

    2012-01-01

    The significant differences of atmospheric circulation between flooding in the Huaihe and Yangtze River valleys during early mei-yu (i.e.,the East Asian rainy season in June) and the related tropical convection were investigated.During the both flooding cases,although the geopotential height anomalies always exhibit equivalent barotropic structures in middle to high latitudes at middle and upper troposphere,the phase of the Rossby wave train is different over Eurasian continent.During flooding in the Huaihe River valley,only one single blocking anticyclone is located over Baikal Lake.In contrast,during flooding in the Yangtze River valley,there are two blocking anticyclones.One is over the Ural Mountains and the other is over Northeast Asia.In the lower troposphere a positive geopotential height anomaly is located at the western ridge of subtropical anticyclone over Western Pacific (SAWP) in both flooding cases,but the location of the height anomaly is much farther north and west during the Huaihe River mei-yu flooding.Furthermore,abnormal rainfall in the Huaihe River valley and the regions north of it in China is closely linked with the latent heating anomaly over the Arabian Sea and Indian peninsula.However,the rainfall in the Yangtze River valley and the regions to its south in China is strongly related to the convection over the western tropical Pacific.Numerical experiments demonstrated that the enhanced latent heating over the Arabian Sea and Indian peninsula causes water vapor convergence in the region south of Tibetan Plateau and in the Huaihe River valley extending to Japan Sea with enhanced precipitation; and vapor divergence over the Yangtze River valley and the regions to its south with deficient precipitation.While the weakened convection in the tropical West Pacific results in moisture converging over the Yangtze River and the region to its south,along with abundant rainfall.

  7. 论《国语》的史学特色%On historical features of Guo Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁庆永

    2015-01-01

    先秦时期是我国史学的兴起时期,先后出现了《春秋》、《左传》、《国语》、《竹书纪年》、《世本》、《战国策》等历史著述,为后世了解春秋战国时期的政治、文化提供了较为丰富的史料。就《国语》而言,作为我国历史上第一部“分国记言”的史书,主要运用特定的对话形式展现了这一时期诸侯国之间的政治和社会历史状况,它的体裁和风格、内容以及史学意识也都对后世史学产生了重要影响,是先秦史学的重要代表。%Pre-Qin period witnessed the booming of China’ s historical studies, in which such historical books as The Spring and Autumn Annals, Guo Yu, Bamboo Annals, Shi Ben and Intrigues of the Warring States were suc-cessively compiled.These books provided the future generations with valuable historical records about the politics and culture in Spring and Autumn and the Warring States periods.Guo Yu, the first history book in China’ s his-tory in which each state was given its respective description, depicted the politics, society and history in the member states in a special colloquial style.Its genres, style, content and the infused historical awareness have exerted great influnce on the historical studies in the future generations, which makes it a representative work in historical studies in pre-Qin periods.

  8. 安徽省蚌埠余家皮影戏的造型艺术考略%Research on the Art of Puppet Figure Design of Yu Family Shadow Play in Bengbu of Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋蔚; 王倩

    2016-01-01

    Shadow play ’ s history and the evolution of shadow puppet are a synchronous process of develop -ment.Generations of artists gradually developed a set of convention and characteristics of creating puppet figures . Over a hundred odd years of inheriting and adjusting , carrying on the opera culture ’ s tradition of distinguishing the good and evil characters with different designs of puppet figures , as well as folk artists ’ aesthetic notions and styles of folk fine arts, Yu Family Shadow Play has developed a full set of formulaic puppet figure artistic models and graphic patterns , which are not the creation of a single individual , but a artistic convention passed on , developed and perfected by three generations of artists .Yu Family Shadow Play reflects substantially folk artists ’ figure desig-ning style where concrete life experiences and abstract notions are mingled together , vividly representing the history of Yu Family Shadow play ’ s development over a hundred odd years .%影偶的造型与影戏的演变历史是一个同步发展的过程。历代艺人通过不断的经验积累,受寺庙雕塑、壁画和戏剧的影响,吸收小说中人物的描写,逐步形成了一整套适用于影戏的造型规律和特征。在历经百余年的传承与腾挪变化后,蚌埠余家皮影戏除沿袭戏曲文化中对忠奸、正邪角色寓褒贬、别善恶于其上的造型传统外,糅合艺人的审美理念和民间美术等诸多元素,形成了一整套程式化的造型谱式和图案纹样,这种谱式并非某个人的独创,而是历经了三代艺人的学习、积累和创造逐渐完善定型的艺术程式。它质朴生动地折射出民间艺人集具象的生活经验和意象的审美理念于一体的造型艺术特征,生动地折射出蚌埠余家皮影戏百余年来的发展历程。

  9. Analgesic effect and mechanism of the three TCM-herbal drug-combination Tou Feng Yu pill on treatment of migraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia-chuan; Shen, Xiao-fei; Meng, Xian-li; Zhang, Yi; Lai, Xian-rong

    2011-06-15

    It is well known that pain is one of the most important characteristics of migraine. Therefore, it is important and interesting to investigate the analgesic effect and mechanism of drugs which are used to treat migraine. Tou Feng Yu pill (TFY) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, consisting of the three Chinese herbal drugs Radix Angelicae dahuricae (Baizhi), Rhizome Ligustici (Chuanxiong) and Folium Camelliae sinensis (green tea) for the treatment of migraine. In this study, we found that TFY could significantly reduce the writhing times induced by acetic acid and licking foot response induced by formalin, and extend the writhing latent period. But the analgesic effect was not observed at hot-plate test. Meanwhile, experimental migrainous model induced by nitroglycerin was used to investigate the therapeutic effect of TFY. Compared with the control group, the levels of plasma calcitonin gene related to peptide (CGRP), serum nitric oxide (NO) and contents of brain dopamine (DA) in TFY administration groups were significantly decreased, and the levels of plasma endothelin (ET) and contents of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) were remarkably increased, also the ratio of ET/NO was clearly corrected. Furthermore, the improving effect of behavior abnormality was observed in TFY administration rats. Meanwhile, isolated vascular ring test indicated that TFY had an significant effect on vasomotion, and antagonize vasospasm; moreover TFY also could increase cerebral blood flow (CBF) and reduce cerebrovascular resistance index (RI) in normal rabbits, which verified the effect of TFY on vasomotion and abnormal hemorheology. All the results indicate that TFY has an effective therapeutical action on migraine, which may be related to three aspects as following: firstly, adjusting the level of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and vasoactive substances, relieving neurogenic inflammation; secondly, improving vasomotion, increase cerebral blood flow

  10. Cloning and Functional Analysis of glnB from Azospirilum brasilense Yu62%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因的克隆及其功能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李周华; 陈三凤; 李季伦

    2001-01-01

    通过原位杂交从巴西固氮螺菌Yu62的基因文库中,筛选到glnB基因的阳性克隆,将3.7kb/EcoRI+PstI的阳性克隆亚克隆到pUC19中,进行了全序列分析,其在GenBank中的登记号是AF323960。DNA序列分析表明该阳性克隆含有完整的glnB基因,glnB基因下游是编码谷氨酰胺合成酶(GS)的glnA基因,glnB基因上游是一个编码未知蛋白的ORF。glnB基因编码区长336bp,编码112个氨基酸,与肺炎克氏杆菌、大豆慢生根瘤菌、豌豆根瘤菌及大肠杆菌在氨基酸顺序的同源性分别高达71%、77%、79%和69%。将卡那霉素抗性片段(Km-cas-sette)插入glnB基因的BglⅡ位点,通过三亲杂交法将其引入到巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,通过同源重组,获得GlnB-突变株(glnB::Km)。为了进一步分析glnB基因的功能,将glnB基因的编码区(339bp)构建在pVK100中,置于Km启动子下组成型表达,形成重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ。将重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ转入到GlnB-突变株,构建成互补株C-glnB(glnB::Km/glnB)。对GlnB-突变株和互补株的固氮酶活性和生长性能的测定表明,GlnB-突变体无固氮酶活性,即表型 为Nif-;而互补株像野生型菌株一样具有固氮酶活性。突变株、互补株及野生型在菌落生长速度上基本相同。将含有glnB基因的重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ分别转移到野生型Yu62菌株和具有一定抗铵能力的DraT-突变株中,使glnB基因的拷贝数增加,并进一步比较它们的固氮酶活性,结果表明多拷贝的glnB基因能显著提高固氮酶活性。

  11. The Canonized Image of Guan Yu under the Contemporary Vision---From Guan Yu on Romance of the Three Kingdoms%当代视野下关羽形象的经典化--从《三国演义》中的关羽谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨银杰

    2016-01-01

    《三国演义》塑造了关羽鲜明的性格特征,成功展示了关羽忠信智勇的艺术形象,诠释了具有中华民族审美特征的英雄情怀。《三国演义》中的关羽已具有神异的色彩,这与历史上的关羽形象不尽相同,是其在历史真实基础上的艺术升华。纵观关羽形象的历史演变,可知这一英雄形象产生于中国特定的文化环境,是中华民族信守忠义文化心理的体现。在当今社会,分析关羽崇拜的社会影响,能够更好地解读关羽形象经典化的精神价值。%Romance of the Three Kingdoms shapes Guan Yu's distinct personality characteristics , shows his faithfu and brave artistic image , and illustrates the heroic feelings with Chinese aesthetic characteristics .Guan Yu in Romance of the Three Kingdoms is something of a god , which is not the same the historical image of Guan Yu.His movie image is the sublimation of art on the basis of historical truth .From the historical evolution of Guan Yu's image , we find that this hero image grows out of China's specific cultural environment and it is the cultural and psychlogical embodyment of Chinese loyalty .In today's society , by analyzing the socail effect of people's worship of Guan Yu , we can have a better understanding of the spirit value of Guan Yu's canonized image.

  12. Functional Mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan in Resisting Menalgia No. 4 Hospital of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province%少腹逐瘀丸抗痛经作用机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺克; 刘姣; 李清

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱发小鼠痛经的镇痛作用及作用机制.方法:取KM小鼠50只,随机分为空白对照组、模型组、丹莪妇康煎膏组、少腹逐瘀丸高剂量组及低剂量组.除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠灌胃给药同时灌服乙烯雌酚,连续7天.末次给药30 min后,除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠腹腔注射缩宫素,观察小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩变化,小鼠30 min内扭体反应次数,并检测小鼠血浆血栓烷B2(TXB2)、6-酮-前列腺素F1α(6-Keto-PGF1α)及血清超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、丙二醛(MDA)含量.结果:少腹逐瘀丸能够明显抑制缩宫素诱导小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩(P<0.05),使痛经小鼠扭体反应次数有降低趋势,但差异无显著性(P>0.05),并能明显降低小鼠血浆TXB2含量(P<0.05),明显升高血浆6-Keto-PGF1α含量(P<0.05),显著降低血清MDA含量(P<0.01),明显升高血清SOD含量(P<0.05).结论:少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱导小鼠痛经模型具有较好治疗作用,其作用可能与调节TXB2/6-Keto-PGF1α比值、抗氧化有关.%Objective: to observe the analgesic effect and the functional mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan on oxytocin - induced menalgia of mice. Method: 50 KM mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, soft extract group of Dan'e Fukang, high dose and low dose groups of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan, all of which, except the first group, were given intragastric administration and diethylstilbestrol for 7 days successively, then in-traperitoneal injection with oxytocin 30 minutes after the last administration, for the purpose to observe the contraction changes of the uterus smooth muscle in vitro, frequency of writhing response in 30 minutes and the following contents: TXB2 , 6 - Keto - PGF1, SOD and MDA. Results: Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan could inhibit significantly the muscle contraction of the uterus in vitro induced by oxytocin ( P 0. 05 ), significantly decrease TXB2( P <0. 05

  13. Radar-observed diurnal cycle and propagation of convection over the Pearl River Delta during Mei-Yu season

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xingchao; Zhao, Kun; Xue, Ming; Zhou, Bowen; Huang, Xuanxuan; Xu, Weixin

    2015-12-01

    Using operational Doppler radar and regional reanalysis data from 2007-2009, the climatology and physical mechanisms of the diurnal cycle and propagation of convection over the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of China during the Mei-Yu seasons are investigated. Analyses reveal two hot spots for convection: one along the south coastline of PRD and the other on the windward slope of mountains in the northeastern part of PRD. Overall, convection occurs most frequently during the afternoon over PRD due to solar heating. On the windward slope of the mountains, convection occurrence frequency exhibits two daily peaks, with the primary peak in the afternoon and the secondary peak from midnight to early morning. The nighttime peak is shown to be closely related to the nocturnal acceleration and enhanced lifting on the windward slope of southwesterly boundary layer flow, in the form of boundary layer low-level jet. Along the coastline, nighttime convection is induced by the convergence between the prevailing onshore wind and the thermally induced land breeze in the early morning. Convection on the windward slope of the mountainous area is more or less stationary. Convection initiated near the coastline along the land breeze front tends to propagate inland from early morning to early afternoon when land breeze cedes to sea breeze and the prevailing onshore flow.

  14. 试析李渔的烹饪选料观%On Li Yu's View on Choice of Cooking Meteriais

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董道顺

    2012-01-01

    李渔作为清初著名文学家、戏曲家,著有《闲情偶寄》一书,其中《饮馔部》对饮食之道提出了自己独到的见解,比较全面地反映了作者的饮食观。在烹饪原料的选择方面,作者形成了崇尚自然、重蔬轻肉;推崇节俭、反对奢靡;注重产地、讲究品质;谨慎杀生、人文关怀的烹饪选料观。分析其观点,对促进人们了解烹饪原料特点,科学选择原料并优化工艺具有一定的参考价值。%Li Yu, a renowned writer and dramatist in early Qing dynasty, author of Pleasant Diversions, put forward his unique understanding and overall view of diet in chapter Diet. In regard to the choice of raw mate- rials, Li prefers vegetables to meat, advocates thrift rather than extravagancy, emphasizes quality and places of growth. He proposes less killing and more humanity. His view is of some value as to our understanding of and scientifically choosing from those cooking materials and optimizing cooking process.

  15. Spin-polarized currents and noise in normal-metal/superconductor junctions with Yu-Shiba-Rusinov impurities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persson, Daniel; Shevtsov, Oleksii; Löfwander, Tomas; Fogelström, Mikael

    2016-10-01

    Conventional superconductors disordered by magnetic impurities demonstrate physical properties that are drastically different from their pristine counterparts. In our previous work [D. Persson et al., Phys. Rev. B 92, 245430 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.245430], we explored the spectral and thermodynamic properties of such systems for two extreme cases: completely random and ferromagnetically aligned impurity magnetic moments. Here we consider the transport properties of these systems and show that they have a potential to be used in superconducting spintronic devices. Each magnetic impurity contributes a Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) bound state to the spectrum, residing at subgap energies. Provided the YSR states form metallic bands, we demonstrate that the tunneling current carried by these states can be highly spin polarized when the impurities are ferromagnetically ordered. The spin polarization can be switched by tuning the bias voltage. Moreover, even when the impurity spins are completely uncorrelated, one can still achieve almost 100 % spin polarization of the current, if the tunnel interface is spin active. We compute electric current and noise, varying parameters of the interface between tunneling and fully transparent regimes, and analyze the relative role of single-particle and Andreev reflection processes.

  16. [A brief textual research on circulated versions of Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Gao; Zhu, Jianping

    2014-03-01

    Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage) was compiled by a doctor of the Ming Dynasty Sun Wenyin, including 6 volumes. This book involves Chinese internal medicine, paediatrics, gynaecology, external medicine, and Department of the sense organs (ENT) classified into 73 categories, each of which contains 80 kinds of disease. The total number of disease was 157. Each kind of disease is discussed under the order of etiology, syndrome, pulse condition and treatment. The range of traditional Chinese prescriptions in this book is rather extensive with its indications, administrations and modification of main prescriptions given concretely. Both internal and external treatment are included, and the individual drug and proved recipe are practical and effective, which is a significant reference to clinical practice. There are many versions of this book extant. According to our investigation and research, we replenished some information to the"General Catalogue of TCM Ancient Books", and at the same time, correct some mistakes, providing the basis for further collation and publishing.

  17. BOOKPLATES, OWNERS’ RECORDINGS AND DEDICATORY INSCRIPTIONS ON THE BOOKS FROM THE BOOK COLLECTION OF THE MATHEMATICIAN I. YU. TIMTCHENKO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    О. В. Полевщикова

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The professor of Novorossiysky (Odessa University I. Yu. Timchenko (1863-1939 managed to collect a remarkable library on the history of Mathematics which contained primarily antiquarian books including incunabula and 16th century editions. Various aspects of this valuabe book collection have been studied lately. Books from this dispersed collection have been revealed and examined de visu. Their cataloguing incudes the description of individual book copies in view of their provenance. The purpose of the article is to provide the information on a complex of owners’ recordings and dedicatory inscriptions as well as bookplates left on the books making an attempt to trace the fate of the copies incorporated in the library of the Odessa mathematician. The information collected is considered in the context of the history of Mathematics. Many may characterise both direct and indirect expressions of the readers’ interests in books and reading. The study of provenance records demonstrate that the copies acquired by professor Timchenko used to be in the libraries of a number of men of science – mathematicians, physicists, philologists, etc. The findings of this article enable to enlarge the database of provenance making the practical value and results of the research.

  18. Immunomodulatory Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hung Lin; Ching-Hua Yeh; Li-Jen Lin; Shulhn-Der Wang; Jen-Shu Wang; Shung-Te Kao

    2013-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang (SFYCT), consisting of 13 medicinal plants, was used to treat patients with lung diseases. This study investigated the immunoregulatory effect of SFYCT on intratracheal lipopolysaccharides- (LPS-) challenged acute lung injury (ALI) mice. SFYCT attenuated pulmonary edema, macrophages, and neutrophils infiltration in the airways. SFYCT decreased inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF α ), interleukin-1 β , and...

  19. [The different functions of glnB and glnZ from Azospirillum brasilense YU62 in the control of nitrogen fixation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, S; Guan, Y; Ying, J; Li, Z; Wang, J; Li, J

    2001-10-01

    The glnB and glnZ genes of A. brasilense have 70% homology at nucleotide sequence. glnB is located in a 3.7 kb Eco RI+ PstI fragment and glnZ is located in a 3.7 kb SalI fragment. Both glnB and glnZ genes were mutagenized by Kmr cassette insertions and glnB- and glnZ- mutants were obtained. glnB- mutant did not have any nitrogenase activity, while glnZ- mutant still has nitrogenase activity. The coding regions of glnB and glnZ were cloned into pVK100 vectors and recombinant plasmids pVK-II and pVK-Z were obtained, respectively. The recombinant plasmids pVK-II and pVK-Z were introduced into glnB- and glnZ- to produce C-glnB and C-glnZ, respectively. C-glnB can restore nitrogenase activity and C-glnZ does not have effect on nitrogenase activity. When pVK-II and pVK-Z were introduced into A. brasilense Yu62 and draT-, respectively, the Yu62-II (containing pVK-II) and draT-II (containing pVK-II) have higher nitrogenase activity than that of wild type Yu62. In contrast, Yu62-Z (containing pVK-Z) and draT-Z (containing pVK-Z) has no effect on nitrogenase activity. The nifA(-)-II (containg pVK-II) and nifA(-)-Z (containing pVK-Z) still have no nitrogenase activity.

  20. 文学四要素视阈下的余华创作转型%Yu Hua's Novels Transformation in the Perspective of Four Elements of Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯超

    2014-01-01

    As the representative writer of the vanguard fiction,Yu Hua has gone through two transformations,after Long Travel at the Age of Eighteen since 1987. For Yu Hua's two transformations,the critics always express different opinions. With the help of the theory of literary activities elements raised by Meyer Howard Abrams,we prepare to analyze this phenomenon from four perspectives ---the world,writers,works,readers,trying to make a comprehensive and objective evaluation for Yu Hua's vanguard creation.%!押余华作为先锋小说的代表作家,自1987年的《十八岁出门远行》以来,历经了两次转型。余华的这两次转型,评论界历来莫衷一是,褒贬不一。借助艾布拉姆斯有关文学活动要素的理论,从“世界、作家、作品、读者”等四个角度对这一现象进行剖析,试图对以余华为代表的先锋创作转型作出全面而客观的评价。

  1. 贾雨村讹夺石扇案辨正%Explore the Truth of JIA Yu-cun Grabbing SHI Dai-zi's Fans by Blackmail

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房义斌

    2011-01-01

    学界历来认为讹夺石扇为贾雨村欺压良善的铁证,不假辨别地信以为真,对其人品大加挞伐,实属误会。讹夺石扇是平儿、贾琏合谋的谎言,是对纳妾鸳鸯事件的影射,并非贾琏挨打的真相。贾琏挨打的导火索是鸳鸯事件;远因是大不孝——无子。%Academia has regarded the case of JIA Yu-cun grabbing SHI Dai-zi's fans by blackmail as an indisputable fact of his bully oppression of good people without identification. Then lots of critics of JIA Yu-cun's moral character leaded to injustice, which is a misunderstanding. The truth of JIA Yu-cun grabbing SHI Dai-zi's fans by blackmail was a mendacity collaborated by Ping Er and JIA Lian, wich was a shadow Of Yuan Yang event actually, not the truth of JLA Lian beaten. The fuse of JIA Lian beaten was Yuan Yang event, and the underlying cause was that JIA Lian had no son.

  2. Yizhi jiaoyizhe, fangdichan paomo yu fangdichan zhengce: jian lun zhongguo fangdichan zhengce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.

    2010-01-01

    HETEROGENOUS TRADERS, HOUSING BUBBLES AND POLICIES Based on the classical De Long et al (1990), we build a model of housing bubbles to analyze the role of market imperfections (noise traders, liquidity constraint, limited liability and weak property rights protections, etc) and their interactions in

  3. Professor Yu Jingmao's Experience in Coordinating and Treating Pediatric Disease with Herbal Pas te%俞景茂膏方调治小儿疾病经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任昱

    2014-01-01

    [目的]探讨俞景茂教授运用膏方调治小儿疾病的临证经验。[方法]通过跟师临诊,总结俞师运用膏方治疗小儿顽疾的学术经验,并附验案举隅。[结果]俞师认为,膏方剂型适合小儿服用,强调膏方治疗小儿疾病须辨病、辨证结合,因时、因人制宜。临证时注重调补固本,以平为贵;补中寓攻,以和为要;顾护脾胃,以喜为补。所附小儿哮喘医案1则,俞景茂教授巧用膏方调治2月,哮喘发作次数减少,发作时症状减轻。[结论]俞景茂教授根据小儿生理病理特点,运用膏方个体化辨治小儿诸疾,扶正祛邪,调和阴阳,经验丰赡,值得推广应用。%Objective] To explore professor Yu Jingmao's clinical experience in coordinating and treating pediatric disease with herbal paste. [Method] By fol owing the teacher clinic, the author summarizes professor Yu Jingmao's academic experience of treatment of children with chronic il ness with herbal paste, and for proven cases. [Result] Professor Yu Jingmao uses herbal paste for modulating pediatric intractable disease with curative effect. In his opinion, herbal paste treatment of pediatric diseases must be combined with disease and syndrome differentiation, and considered in accordance with seasonal conditions and the patient's individuality. Professor Yu considers that herbal paste formulations are suitable for children, and pays attention to regulating and nourishing to strengthen the body focused on harmony, reinforcing with elimination based on balance, protecting and tonifying the spleen and stomach based on enjoying oral application. [Conclusion] According to children's physiological and pathological characteristics, professor Yu Jingmao has rich experiences in using herbal paste for personalized syndrome differentiation treatment of pediatric diseases to strengthen body resistance and eliminate evil, regulate Yin and Yang, which is worth generalizing and

  4. Xinjiang Keji Rencai dui Chuangxin Huanjin de Neiyin Pingjia Moxing Goujian yu Shizheng Yanjiu

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tan, Chunping; Tang, ChaoYing; Jiannong, Shi

    2015-01-01

    Innovation environment is the key factor to give full play to the dynamic role of the scientific talents. The article has investigated and analyzed the environmental factors and the degree of satisfaction of Xinjiang scientific talents in innovation activities by implicit theory, and structured...... evaluation index system of innovation environment on Xinjiang scientific talents, then evaluated the innovation environment of Xinjiang scientific talents through the two order structural equation model and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. The results show that: the whole innovation environment...... of Xinjiang scientific talents has been in the general level, and it has a better organizational support and cultural atmosphere , the second is innovation network and innovation resources, lacking in the material foundation, social security; The enterprise scientific talents has the highest evaluation...

  5. 论林语堂的幽默文学观%On LIN Yu-tang's View of Humorous Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢昭新

    2009-01-01

    林语堂发明了"幽默"一词,建构了他的幽默文学观.在"语丝"时期,将"幽默"看成是"真实的,宽容的,同情的人生观", 此间的散文,多在"真实"、真诚上面用力,讽刺力量较强."论语"、"人间世"时期的幽默则多从个人性灵上抒写闲适的情调,其幽默观中多带个人主义色彩,是"以自我为中心,以闲适为格调" 的自由主义的人生观.他的幽默观和幽默小品创作又特别重视幽默的审美价值,创造了滑稽、机警、俏皮、讽刺的"笑"的美感情趣.%LIN Yu-tang creates a new concept of humor in order to construct his literary thoughts. During the period when he writes for a magazine called "Yusi",he considers "humor" as "a sincere, tolerant and sympathetic view of life". As a result, his prose usually has sarcastic strength rooted in the real human life and his open heart. However, during the period when he edits magazines called "Lunyu" and "Renjianshi", his prose changes to express his personal spirit with a leisurely style. At this time, his view of humor inclined to individualism and liberalism. Besides, his thinking and writings on humor paid attention to the aesthetic value of humor, which includes farcicality, wittiness, naughtiness, irony and laugh.

  6. Effect of Xiao-tan-jie-yu Prescription on sleep quality of soldiers acute exposure to high altitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-xing YANG

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To observe the efficacy of Xiao-tan-jie-yu prescription (XTJYF on sleep quality of the soldiers who acutely exposed to western area of high altitude. Methods  In this prospective, completely randomized, parallel, placebo-controlled study, 550 soldiers acutely exposed to western area of high altitude were investigated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, 100 soldiers with sleep disorder were selected and divided into two groups (50 each: treatment group received TCM XTJYF therapy and control group was treated with placebo. After 2 weeks' treatment, PSQI total score and respective factor scores before and after treatment were assessed, and clinical therapeutic efficacy and adverse reactions were observed. Results  The PSQI total score and respective factor scores of these soldiers were significantly higher than those of normal adults, but significantly lower than those of insomnia patients, while their sleep disorder factor score was significantly higher compared with insomnia patients. XTJYF reduced the total score and some factor scores (subjective sleep quality, time for initiating sleep, total sleep time, and sleep efficiency for PSQI in the soldiers with sleep disorder, and the overall response rate was 91.49% which is higher than those in the placebo control group (P<0.05 or 0.01, without toxic side effects. Conclusions  The sleep quality of soldiers who acutely exposed to western area of high altitude in China is not high, and XTJYF may safely and effectively improve the sleep quality. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2016.10.15

  7. Breeding and Identification of Herbicide-resistant Genic Male-sterile Line Yu98-8A1 of Cotton(Gossypium hirsutum L.)%新型抗除草剂棉花不育系Yu98-8A1的培育及鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓杰; 谢德意; 赵元明; 李武; 赵付安; 段铮铮; 祝水金; 房卫平

    2013-01-01

    通过连续回交,将抗除草剂基因EPSPS-G6转育花粉败育彻底(无微量花粉,不育度达100%)的棉花单基因隐性控制的核不育系Yu98-8A,进而培育成抗除草剂核不育系Yu98-8A1.对该转育不育系花冠表型测量观察表明,与同质系正常可育株比较,不育株花冠较小,不育株子房直径略大于可育株,花柱长和花柱外露长度均明显高于同质系正常可育株,花柱头外露为其最显著的表型特征;显微观察显示,不育系Yu98-8A1小孢子败育主要是在四分体形成后的小孢子发育期.小孢子败育特征表现为花粉粒无内含物、无刺突产生,最后解体、退化.PCR分子鉴定表明,抗除草剂基因EPSPS-G6转育入Yu98-8A,除草剂抗性试验表明,该转育不育系可抗质量百分比浓度达0.3%的草甘膦.该抗除草剂核不育系的培育在棉花杂种优势利用方面有重大利用价值.%Yu98-8A1,a herbicide-resistant cotton genic male-sterile line,was developed from a genic malesterile line Yu98-8A by successive backcrossing cotton line EHC09-002 which possessed the herbicide-resistant gene EPSPS-G6.Compared with homogeneity normal fertile plants,its significant characteristics included smaller corolla,bigger Ovary diameter,style length,and exposed stigmas by corolla phenotype observation.Among theses characteristics,exposed stigmas was the most significant one.Cytological observation showed that the anther abortion of Yu98-8A1 occurred during the stage of microspore development,which displayed without inclusion in pollen grain and spinescent protuberance on the pollen wall,and the microspore appeared abnormal and break down gradually.PCR identification and glyphosate resistance test indicated that herbicide-resistant gene EPSPS-G6 had been successfully aggregated into Yu98-8A,and the anti-herbicide concentration reached up to 0.3%.The cultivation of herbicide-resistant sterile line made Yu98-8A1 have significant value in the utilization of

  8. On the Reform and Contribution of Han Yu's Style of Writing%论韩愈的文体文风改革及其贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛

    2012-01-01

    文体文风改革是韩愈倡导的古文运动的重要内容。针对六朝以来的淫侈靡丽文风,韩愈标举复古,借古文以明儒家之道,创建出一种既承载儒家之道,又采用奇句单行的体式,而且没有对偶、声律的严格限制的新体散文。这种新式散文不仅与当时流行的骈体文相敌对,而且不因袭古圣先贤之成言,而是自铸伟辞,既明道传道,又抒泄郁积于胸中的怨愤不平及遭遇不幸之情,体现出韩愈对于创造性的高度重视。%The reform to style of writing which was advocated by HanYu was an important content in movement of ancient writing. Aimming at the flowery wrinting style from six Dynasties, Han Yu raised retro viewpoint to clear ancient doctrine by way of ancient writing, to create a new prose which was not only a bearer of Confucianism but also with a single row for odd sentence, and there was no strict restrictions of duality and sound. The new prose was not only hostile to the parallel prose and not inherited into ancient sages of the words, but invented new words, both preaching confucianism, and expressing vent anger smoldering in the hearts of injustice and feelings of the less fortunate. This reflected the great importance which Hart Yu attached to the creativity.

  9. Introduction to ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice--Taking animation“the white tiger legend”as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弟龙

    2014-01-01

    Cultural Creative Industries Cultural and Creative Industries, is a kind of economic globalization under the background of the creativity as the core of the emerging Industries, emphasis on a subject or Cultural factors depend on personal (team) through the industrialization of technology, Creative, and ways of industry development, marketing, intellectual property rights. With the high-speed development of creative cultural industry. As a cultural creative industry in the animation industries, it begins to rise rapidly across the country. Based on the creation of the animation white tiger legend as an example, analyzes how the ba-yu culture influences in the animation creation practice. Hope to be able to achieve this effect.

  10. On the Relationship between Translation and Creation-Take Yu Guangzhong's use of Run-On Line as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴彧

    2015-01-01

    The studies on relation between translation and creation mostly focus on macro-level, lacking evidence at micro-level.This thesis deals with the influence of translation upon creation at a micro-level, and studies one sample literary person, famous andprolific poet writer and translator Yu Guangzhong's use of run-on line in love poems. This thesis finds that Yu's translation hadan influence on his creation, and this influence increased with time. To make clear the subtle differences in the changes of creationby translation, SPSS software is applied as a quantitative tool.

  11. 明月一樽酒,清风一卷诗--余珍诗歌简论%Drinking in a Moonlight, Improvising an Extempore Verse in a Breeze--Brief Comments on Yu Zhen's Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许沙

    2014-01-01

    YU Zen is one of the Datun chieftains of Bijie in Guizhou. He is well-versed in both polite and martial arts,he is also good at poems. He has high aspirations to join the army and organizes to encircle and an-nihilate the anti Qing forces. His painting and calligraphy level are second to none in Yu's family. His Si Yus’ poems are leisurely and comfortable, some are abandoned themselves to nature, some are composed on history. YU Zhen is influenced by YU Jia-ju and he carries on YU Jia-ju’ s style of Leisure, tone and artless, soft firmness, and blending the poet’s unique aesthetic experience with his really sincere emotion, YU Zhen’s poem is a little inferior to those of YU Jia-ju, Yu Zhao and YU Da-fu. Poetry, but he still has a proper place in Chinese outstanding family of minority literature.%余珍是贵州毕节大屯土司之一,文武兼备,诗艺兼擅。他曾壮志凌云,投笔从戎,以都司身份组织围剿反清势力;他的书法、绘画水平在余氏家族中首屈一指,所著《四余诗草》清朗疏淡、闲适宁静,或寄情山水,或咏史怀古,充分体现了其“四余”之意。余珍深受余家驹影响,更多地继承了余家驹诗歌的闲适疏淡风格,色调烂漫,柔中见刚,情景交融,意境创造独具特色。余珍诗歌创作成就稍逊于余家驹、余昭和余达父,但在全国少数民族汉语古诗创作中仍占有一席地位。

  12. 巴西固氮螺菌Yu62nifA基因克隆、测序及功能分析%CLONING SEQUENCING AND EXPRESSION PATTERN,FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF nifA GENE IN AZOSPIRILLUM BRASILENSE Yu62

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟; 陈三凤; 马旅雁; 李季伦

    2001-01-01

    用TD-PCR法克隆了巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillun brasilense)Yu62的nifA基因.序列分析表明它与巴西固氮螺菌Sp7的nifA序列高度同源(96.5%),其编码的产物NifA蛋白与Sp7菌株NifA的氨基酸序列同源性为97.6%.该基因可以完全互补巴西固氮螺菌Sp7 nifA-突变株的Nif-表型.研究了NH4+和O2对Yu62 nifA基因的表达及NifA活性的影响.结果表明:mfA基因在Yu62菌株中是部分组成型表达的,氨和氧不能完全阻遏其表达,在5mmol/LNH4Cl与微氧(0.5%O2)条件下表达最高;NifA蛋白在0.4%~0.5%O2时活性最高,氧分压降低和提高都使NifA活性下降,1mmol/L NH4Cl足以抑制NifA的活性.

  13. FURTHER STUDY ON DEVONIAN RUGOSE CORAL HETEROPHAULACTIS YU, 1974 FROM LOWER EMSIAN YUJIANG FORMATION IN GUANGXI, CHINA%广西泥盆纪早埃姆斯期郁江组Heterophaulactis Yu,1974的再研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞昌民

    2010-01-01

    Heterophaulactis Yu是作者建立并发表于1974年的一四射珊瑚属,产自广西郁江沿岸、南宁至六景一带的泥盆纪郁江组.其时代属早埃姆斯期牙形刺kitabacus带(前dehiscens带).对此珊瑚属再行研究,是出于:1)发表在"中国南方泥盆系的新进展"一文,是与其它门类化石共同作为划分和对比地层的化石依据,只限于中文简短描述,对化石图影的展示也有严格的数量限制.尽管此属己被收录在Hill(1981)主编的古生物专论的珊瑚分册中,也只是简短的英文描述和有限的图影,未能充分展示其骨骼演变特征;2)此属的分类位置、科的归属及与相关属的属征比较与讨论,当初均未交待,应予阐明;3)Heterophaulactis属的地理分布广,遍及滇桂两省,通过再研究,其产地已扩展至中国西北地区;其地层分布又有一定的时限性,在广西仅限于郁江组下部的石州段,时代为kitaba-cus带,其它地区也仅见于下泥盆统.文中对Heterophaulactis属的模式种,Heterophaulactis semicrassa的骨骼特征及个体发育过程中的演变均作详细的英文描述和图影展示;与相关属比较之后,认为与本属关系最为密切的是产于西秦岭山区下泥盆统、发表在西北区化石图册上的有些属种,其中的有些属种可以归于本属.文中还记述一新建种Heterophaulactis yujiangense sp.nov..文章对Heterophaulactis的分类位置和科的归属也有详细比较讨论,认为它是源出自志留纪Pycnactis--Phaulactis的演化序列,应归属于Lykophyllidae Wedekind,1927科.对Miroelasmatinae Cao,1983亚科的原始定义作全面修订后.把它归为Lykophyllidae Wedekind,1927科下的一个亚科;在对化石图册及相关文献上记述的产自西秦岭区下泥盆统四射珊瑚属种的全面修订之前,暂把以下各属置于此亚科:Heterophaulactls Yu,Miroelasma Cao,Qinlingophyllum Cao,Wenxianophyllum Cao,Protaulacophy-llum Cao,Bethanphyllum sensu Cao

  14. Analysis of the Royalism in Song Yu's Jiu Bian%析宋玉《九辩》的忠君思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2016-01-01

    《九辩》是宋玉骚体赋的代表,是其身世遭遇的自述。全诗围绕“贫士失职而志不平”展开,将忠君思想融入个人理想,抒发了忠于君而君不知的孤独、苦闷情绪。忠君思想贯穿全诗,是理解诗人情感表达的关键所在。忠君思想的表达与《九辩》自称词的使用特点是一致的,忠君思想是联系人生之秋与社会之秋的心理基础,是宋玉思想矛盾的根源。%Jiu Bian is Song Yu's representative Fu of Sao style, and his self-statement. The whole poem centers on his losing office but losing no heart, integrates the royalism into his own ambition, conveys his lonely and depressed emotion of unappreciated loyalty. The royalism serves as a leitmotif of the poem and the key to understanding the poet's emotional expressions. It is consistent with the usage of self-addressing words, the mental foundation between the autumn in life and society, and the origin of Song Yu's mental conflicts.

  15. 李渔《闲情偶寄》饮食观略论%A Brief Discussion of Li Yu's Catering Concept in His Occasional Leisurely Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁源昌

    2014-01-01

    李渔《闲情偶寄》之“饮馔部”,真实地展现了李渔独到的饮食文化观,也可称作清代难得的饮食理论与实践之作。从李渔的饮食文化观、饮食哲学观以及海鲜饮食观等方面看出,李渔的饮食之道,是基于他所崇尚的“自然、本色、天成”之思想。%In the catering section of Occasional Leisurely Life, Li Yu realistically demonstrated his unique cater-ing culture concept, which makes it known as an uncommonly great works on catering theory and practice during the Qing dynasty. Li Yu's catering recipe emerging out of his catering culture concept, catering philosophy and seafood concept is based on his thought of advocating nature and inherent qualities.

  16. “韩欧”文价值认识比较论%Comparative Study on the Prose Value of Han Yu and Ouyang Xiu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘美玉

    2013-01-01

    唐代韩愈、宋代欧阳修是中国古代散文代表唐宋八大家中的领袖人物,“韩欧”是唐宋散文、正统散文、文以明道、古代成熟散文的标志。历史上对“韩欧”文价值的比较认识存在差异,有韩高欧低、欧高韩低、“韩欧”各具特色、“韩欧”否定论等各类看法,本文就此进行归纳探讨。%Han Yu in the Tang dynasty and Ouyang Xiu in the Song dynasty are the representatives of Chinese ancient prose leader of Eight Giants of Tang and Song prose ."Han Yu and Ouyang Xiu"is a sign of prose in Tang and Song dynasty ,the classical prose ,the article to carry doctrine ,the mature ancient prose .In history ,there are different understanding of their prose value ,each having its ow n characteristics .This article gives its summary and discussion .

  17. On Prospects of Society in Yu Hua’ s Friends%余华《朋友》里的社会图景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱美煊

    2015-01-01

    余华的《朋友》发表多年一直不被评论界注意,在余华作品中极为例外。而这一看似对“血腥暴力”缺乏渲染的作品,实际上在人类社会对暴力、权力的态度,以及群体与个人之间的微妙关系等方面都有深刻的批判,并最终完成了对暴力和权力的解构。%Yu Hua's Friends published many years ago and yet remains unnoticed by the critics, which of Yu Hua's works is exceptional. But this works, seemingly lack of rendering the"violence", had a critical attitude towards the violence and power in the Chinese society, delicate relationship between groups and individuals, and eventually completed the deconstruction of violence and power.

  18. 玉红膏治疗手部皲裂性湿疹疗效观察%Clinical Effects of YuHongGao in Treating Hand Eczema Fissum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    呼荟茹; 贾育蓉; 贾育新

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察玉红膏治疗手部皲裂性湿疹的临床疗效.方法:玉红膏外用治疗手部皲裂性湿疹56例,观察症状及体征改善情况.结果:治愈率42.0%,总有效率100%.结论:玉红膏外用治疗手部皲裂性湿疹疗效确切.%Objective: To observe clinical effects of YuHongGao in treating hand eczema fissum. Method: 56 cases of hand eczema fissum were given by YuHongGao. The improvements of symptom and sign were explored. Result: The cure rate was 42.0%, total effective rate was 100%. Conclusion: YuHongGao in treating hand eczema fissum can obtain definite effects.

  19. 俞景茂名老中医儿科学术经验述要%Professor Jingmao Yu's Clinical Experience in Pediatrics of TCM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华; 李岚; 邬思远; 董逸翔

    2015-01-01

    [目的]总结全国第四批名老中医药专家学术继承工作指导老师俞景茂教授的儿科学术思想与临证经验,以更好地传承与创新。[方法]通过对俞景茂教授著作、论文的研究,跟师学习,聆听教诲,典型医案的收集、整理,以及临证思路、辨证规律的探究,总结其学术思想与临证经验。[结果]俞景茂教授拥有7个方面的独特学术思想:重基础,致力《小儿药证直诀》研究;集百家,重视中医儿科各家学说研究;诊儿病,强调病机学说是辨证论治体系的核心;治未病,提倡先证而治是辨证论治的充实和发展;汇中西,注重取长补短推动学术发展;深研究,提出多元多靶点治疗抗小儿哮喘复发;顺时代,主张养血疏风乃治疗小儿过敏性疾病之策等。[结论]俞景茂教授在中医儿科理论研究及临床疾病诊疗中积累了丰富的经验,其学术思想与临证经验值得传承和推广。%Objective] Yu Jingmao is advisor of fourth Chinese medicine inheritance in China, and also is famous doctor of TCM in Zhejiang Province. Professor Jingmao Yu has strength of basic knowledge and rich experience. This article aims to draw Professor Jingmao Yu's academic experience and preserve his clinical technology. [Method]With teacher learning, listening teaching, the study of teacher works and papers, typical cases of collecting and sorting, and clinical thinking, pattern researching, summarize his academic experience. [Result]Professor Jingmao Yu has seven unique academic ideas as follows. First, focusing on basis, and researching ancient book xiao er yao zheng zhi jue. Second, paying attention to theories of different schools. Third, emphasizing pathogenesis in pattern identification. Fourth, promoting preventive treatment of disease. Fifth, combining Chinese and western medicines. Sixth, preventing recurrence of asthma through multiple points. Seventh, treating allergic

  20. 体育审视:身体运动与人的全面发展%Inspection of "TiYu":physical movement and all -round development of human

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋强

    2015-01-01

    当前体育理论研究工作最重要的问题是对“体育”本身进行科学认识与统一的界定,这也是当前体育学发展与改革要解决的首要问题。应用文献资料法、逻辑分析法分析我国体育研究的症结与原因,厘清“体育”同 Physical education、Sport 之间的关系,阐明了我国体育的实质。结合我国当前教材中“体育”定义过于宽泛、不严谨等问题,用逻辑学定义的方法对“体育”重新定义。指出我国“体育”是一个中国化概念,其本质是以现代运动项目为载体,以身体发展为目的促进人全面发展的身体运动。%The most important issue of "TiYu"theoretical research is to have a scientific understand-ing and united definition on "TiYu"itself,which is also the primary problem that needs to be solved for the development and reform of "TiYu".The paper analyzed the problems of "TiYu"research, clarified the distinct relations between TiYu and physical education or Sport in China with methods of literature review and logic analysis,and then illuminated the essence of "TiYu".In view of the de-ficiencies of definition in the textbooks,such as being too broad or imprecise,the author has rede-fined the concept of "TiYu"with logic means.The study indicates that "TiYu"is a Chinese -char-acterized concept,and its essence is to take modern sports as carrier to promote the all -round de-velopment of human body by physical development.

  1. 益气涤痰化瘀方对哮喘小鼠气道炎症及Th1/Th2平衡的影响%Effects of YiQi DiTan HuaYu Formula on Th1/Th2 Balance and Airway Inflammation of Mice with Asthma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文娟; 袁嘉丽; 陈静; 邢海晶; 韩妮萍

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨益气涤痰化瘀方对哮喘小鼠气道炎症及Th1/Th2平衡的调节作用。方法:将SPF级BALB/c雌性小鼠50只随机分为正常对照组、哮喘模型组,益气涤痰化瘀方低、中、高剂量组。采用卵清白蛋白(OVA)腹腔注射及雾化激发法构建哮喘模型,益气涤痰化瘀方干预治疗。观察各组小鼠行为学改变;制作肺组织病理切片行镜下观察;收集肺泡灌洗液(BALF)进行白细胞总数及分类计数;取小鼠血清以ELISA法检测IFN-γ、IL-4的变化。结果:1)与哮喘模型组比较,药物干预组哮喘症状有所减轻,肺组织炎性细胞浸润减轻;2)益气涤痰化瘀方中剂量组小鼠BALF中白细胞总数和嗜酸性粒细胞(EOS)、中性粒细胞(NEU)、淋巴细胞(LYM)分类计数较哮喘模型组减少(P<0.05);3)与哮喘模型组比较,益气涤痰化瘀方高、中剂量组小鼠血清IFN-γ浓度升高(P<0.05),IL-4浓度降低(P<0.05)。结论:益气涤痰化瘀方可对免疫细胞Th2优势所致的免疫失衡状态进行调节,恢复Th1/Th2平衡;益气涤痰化瘀方可能通过调节机体平衡而减轻哮喘急性气道炎性病变,从而起到防治哮喘的作用。%Objective:To observe the adjustment of YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula to Th1/Th2 balance and air-way inflammation of mice with asthma. Methods:Fifty SPF BALB/c female mice were randomized into normal con-trol group, asthma model group, high, moderate and low dosages groups of YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula. The mice models were established through peritoneal injection of ovalbumin (OVA) and atomization-excited method, and they were intervened by YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula. To observe behavioral changes of the mice in different groups;to prepare pathological section of the lung and observe the section under the microscope; to count total white blood cells and classifications after collecting broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF);to draw the serum from the mice and to

  2. 论余华小说《第七天》的艺术张力%The Artistic Tension in the Novel The Seventh Day by Yu Hua

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂璐璐

    2014-01-01

    继《兄弟》之后,沉寂七年的余华在2013年推出长篇新作《第七天》。小说一经发表,随之而来的各种评论不绝于耳,褒奖者有之,批评者更甚。余华深谙张力因素对小说的功用,在《第七天》中完美地呈现了三组显著的艺术张力:一是叙事结构上真实与虚构形成的巨大张力贯穿小说始终,推动故事的发展;二是苦难与温情的张力体现作家对底层人深沉的爱与同情;三是活着与死亡两个世界之间的张力体现作者强烈的现实主义批判精神。客观说来,《第七天》以其饱满的艺术张力,理应在余华的所有创作中占有一席之地。%After the novel Brothers,Yu Hua who has been dormant for seven years publishes a new novel The Seventh Day in 2013. All kinds of comments followed by the novel,in these comments have praise,but more criticism. Yu Hua knows tension for the role of the novel, The Seventh Day perfectly presents three groups of artistic tension: first, the huge tension formed from reality and fiction throughout the novel to promote the development of the plot;second,tension formed from suffering and warmth reflects writer's deep love and sympathy for the underlying people;thirdly,tension formed from the world of the living and death reflects the author's strong realistic critical spirit. Objectively speaking,The Seventh Day should place in Yu Hua's all creation because it's full of artistic tension.

  3. The Dilemma of Regulation against Yu-E-Bao and Its Solution%余额宝规制的困境与出路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳建勋

    2015-01-01

    余额宝的混业经营型创新金融产品特征、金融法律相对于互联网金融市场创新的滞后性等是导致余额宝规制困境——过度规制与规制缺位并存的主要原因。突破困境,要基于增利宝业务的众筹本质填补规制缺位,借鉴美国JOBS法案,将众筹纳入我国证券法的调整范围,从发行总额限制、投资者总额限制、发行人的信息披露义务及众筹经纪人与集资门户的注册要求等方面,建立和完善我国的众筹发行豁免注册制度;还要纠正与防范对余额宝的过度规制,具体路径是对余额宝规制措施进行全面的成本收益分析,最终以规制措施的总体效果作为取舍的标准。%There is a dilemma of regulation for Yu-E-Bao that is the coexistence of excessive regulation with absent regulation,most of reasons for which are Yu-E-Bao’s feature as a kind of mixed management innovation financial products,hysteresis quality of financial law relative to internet financial innovation.How to break through the dilemma? The absence of regulation should be filled on the basis of Zeng-Li-Bao’s essence of crowdfunding.In other words,crowdfunding should be adjusted by securities law in our country referred by the American JOBS Act and crowdfunding issuing exemption from registration systems should be established and improved such as issuer’s total amount limit,investor’s total amount limit,issuer’s information disclosure obligation and registration requirements for raising agent and raise portal.Secondly,excessive regulation against Yu-E-Bao should be corrected and prevented,the concrete path of which is to conduct a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis of regulation measures.At last the standard of trade-offs is the overall effect of regulation measures.

  4. Errors in Han Yu Da Ci Dian:Corrections and Supplements%《汉语大词典》商补再续

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锳

    2014-01-01

    文章以“碍眼”等22个词语为例,对《汉语大词典》存在的语源失考、词条失收、义项不全、误释引例、引例滞后等失误进行了补正。%The present paper, taking 22 words, including “ai yan” (lit.:be an eyesore), as example, makes corrections of , or supplements to , the errors in the Han Yu Da Ci Dian ( A Dictionary of Chinese) re-garding etymological mistakes , ignorance of entries , incomplete word-meaning , defects in quotation explana-tions, outdated quotations , etc.

  5. Changes in composition and pore space of sand rocks in the oil water contact zone (section YU1 3-4, Klyuchevskaya area, Tomsk region)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nedolivko, N.; Perevertailo, T.; Pavlovec, T.

    2016-09-01

    The article provides an analysis of specific features in changes of rocks in the oil water contact zone. The object of study is the formation YU1 3-4 (J3o1) of Klyuchevskaya oil deposit (West Siberian oil-gas province, Tomsk region). The research data allow the authors to determine vertical zoning of the surface structure and identify the following zones: oil saturation (weak alteration), bitumen-content dissolution, non-bitumen-content dissolution, cementation, including rocks not affected by hydrocarbon deposit. The rocks under investigation are characterized by different changes in composition, pore space, as well as reservoir filtration and volumetric parameters. Detection of irregularity in distribution of void- pore space in oil-water contact zones is of great practical importance. It helps to avoid the errors in differential pressure drawdown and explain the origin of low-resistivity collectors.

  6. Professor SUN Yu-xin treats coughing from damp%孙玉信教授从湿论治咳嗽

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘博; 王鹏; 孙玉信

    2013-01-01

    Professor SUN Yu-xin considers that damp pathogen is an important factor in coughing, and divides coughing into three different types, including Fengshi coughing, Xire coughing and Hanshi coughing. In clinic, herbs of effects in invigorating the spleen, including fried Semen Raphani, raw Semen Coicis, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Poria are added, and satisfied efficacy is achieved.%  孙玉信教授认为湿邪是咳嗽的重要病因,并将湿邪咳嗽主要分为风湿咳嗽、湿热咳嗽和寒湿咳嗽,临床治疗中多加用炒卜子、生薏苡仁、陈皮、茯苓等健脾胃的药物,取得良好的疗效。

  7. Qualitative analysis of major constituents from Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Chunyan; Xia, Zian; Liu, Yonghui; Lu, Hongmei; Zhang, Zhimin; Wang, Yang; Fan, Xiaqiong

    2016-09-01

    Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction, a famous formula that has been used for treating many blood stasis-caused diseases for many centuries, comprises 11 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines. A convenient, efficient, and rapid analytical method was developed to simultaneously determine the major compounds in this decoction. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was used to rapidly separate and detect the major constituents of the decoction. Using this technique, we identified or tentatively identified 34 compounds, including 21 flavonoids, 5 terpenoids, 3 organic acids, 2 lactones, 1 alkaloid, 1 amino acid, and 1 cyanogenic glycoside. The MS analysis of these constituents was described in detail. Findings may contribute to future metabolic and pharmacokinetic studies of this medicine.

  8. On Yu Pingbo's Artistic Personality in His New Poetry%俞平伯新诗艺术风格探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彤

    2011-01-01

    Yu Pingbo is a famous pioneer poet on the May Fourth Movement, and he hid the foundation for the development of new poetry. The gloom conception, philosophy, and beautiful temperament are made up of its unique artistie personality.%俞平伯是“五四”以来著名的新诗人,是新诗运动的先驱和闯将。朦胧的意境、富有哲理的思想和音律美的语言,共同构成了其新诗独特的艺术风格,体现了他淳朴、恬适、自甘的文学追求。

  9. Migration of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 from Root to Stem and Leaves Inside Rice and Tobacco Plants%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62由水稻和烟草根部向茎、叶的迁移运动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟峰; 沈世华; 陈三凤; 荆玉祥

    2004-01-01

    Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand, Krieg et Dobereiner is one of the important plant growthpromotion endophytes. A. brasilense Yu62 tagged with gfp gene was inoculated into roots of rice and tobacco seedlings, which were then, cultured in gnotobiotic condition. At a certain days after inoculation the different portions of the seedling were observed under laser confocal microscope, resulting in that A.brasilense Yu62 bacteria were colonized in epidermal and cortical cells, intercellular spaces and vascular system of stem and leaf tissue interiors besides in roots. Higher populations of the bacteria isolated from roots, stems and leaves indicated that A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria could ascend themselves from roots to stems and leaves of rice and tobacco. This observation lays down the foundation for ecology and cell morphology of bacterial migration inside plants, interaction between A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria and host cells as well as the plant-growth promotion, provides scientific basis for further application, and is of importance in science and practice.%巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillrm brasilence)是重要的植物促生内生菌之一.用gfp基因标记固氮螺菌后接种无菌的水稻和烟草幼苗的根部,限制培养一定时间后,用共聚焦激光显微镜观察,结果表明:除了根部有发荧光的螺菌定殖外,螺菌还分布在茎、叶的表皮细胞,皮层细胞和维管系统组织的细胞间隙.从根、茎、叶器官分离固氮螺菌,都存在有较高的螺菌群体密度.这一结果证明螺菌在植物内存在着从根部向茎、叶顶端的迁移现象.这一发现为研究巴西固氮螺菌在窠主植物体内的迁移运动的机制、与植物细胞间的分子相互作用及其对植物的促生作用奠定了生态学和细胞形态学的基础,也为实际应用提示了进一步的科学依据,具有重要的科学和实践意义.

  10. 论于光远先生的生态经济伦理观%On Yu Guang-yuan's Ethical Thought of Eco-economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昳聪

    2014-01-01

    Yu Guang-yuan had a unique profound understanding of eco-economy.He emphasized the consistency of ecology-economy and differences of perspective;he underlined the ecological value and economic significance of ar-tificial nature .Furthermore , he emphasized the identity of ecology , economy and ethics , and adhered to practical ethics position in ecological research .These viewpoints have significant guiding function in ecology protection , eco-logical civilization construction acceleration , and industrial structure adjustment and even in circular economy de-velopment .Yu's interdisciplinary research method and the foresight prospective make our vision wider and bring us a lot of enlightenments to construct our beautiful country .%于光远先生对生态经济有非常独特的认识,强调生态与经济之对象一致性和视角的差异;强调人工自然的生态价值和经济意义。进而,于先生强调生态、经济与道德的同一性,并坚持研究生态问题的实践伦理学立场。他的这些观点对保护生态、提速生态文明建设,对经济结构、产业结构的合理调整,发展循环经济,都有重要的指导作用。于先生这种跨学科的研究方法和前瞻性思维方式在开阔我们视野的同时,也给我们“圆美丽中国梦”以深远启示。

  11. Néron Models and Base Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halle, Lars Halvard; Nicaise, Johannes

    on Néron component groups, Edixhoven’s filtration and the base change conductor of Chai and Yu, and we study these invariants using various techniques such as models of curves, sheaves on Grothendieck sites and non-archimedean uniformization. We then apply our results to the study of motivic zeta functions...

  12. 在现代与传统之间%Between Modernity and Tradition ——On the Characteristics of Yu Guang-zhong's Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄永林

    2001-01-01

    余光中的诗融会了西方现代文化的灵性和中国传统文化的神韵,在传统与现代、历史与现实之间走出了一条属于自己的现代主义诗歌的创作道路,具有鲜明特征。在内容上,表现出强烈的“中国情结”和“乡愁母题”特征,体现出强烈的中华民族意识和坦诚的人生情怀。在艺术上,将西方现代诗艺与中国传统诗歌精神相融合,一方面受西方象征主义、存在主义和超现实主义的影响,另一方面借助于中国古代诗词传统的联想、象征手法和结构的优点,在表现现代人自身的主体意识方面有很大的突破。他的诗构思巧妙、想象丰富、追求诗的整齐,讲究诗的和谐,强调诗的节奏韵律,创造了与中国语言文字特点相结合的民族化的诗歌艺术美,赋予了现代新诗活力。%Blending the charm of Chinese traditional culture and theintelligence of modern western culture in his poetry, Yu Guang-zhong has blazed his own trail of peotry writing of modernism, which goes between the paths of convention and modernity as well as between the paths of history and reality. Yu Guang-zhong's poetry possessed the following distinctive characteristics: as to the content, his poetry always focuses on the theme of nostalgia cherished by overseas Chinese, which represents intense love for life. As to his means of artistic expression, being greatly influenced by the symbolism, existentialism , and super-realism in the west as well as association, symbol and structure in classic Chinese poetry, he combines the spirits of traditional Chinese poetry with techniques of modern western poetry. By this means, he has made a breakthrough in expressing the self-consciousness of modern individuals. With the ingenious plot, abundant imagination, neat structure, harmonious form and melodious rhythm and rhyme, Yu Guang-zhong's poetry exhibits the poetic beauty which is closely related to the features of

  13. 安神解郁胶囊治疗神经症50例%AnShen JieYu Capsule in Treating 50 Patients with Neurosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史建钢

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe therapeutic effects of AnShen JieYu capsules in the treatment for neurosis. Methods: One hundred patients were randomized into the treatment group and the control group, both groups re-ceived routine treatment of western medicine:antianxiety drug, antidepressant drug, selective serotonin reuptake in-hibitors (SSRIs) and other drugs. The treatment group took AnShen JieYu capsules, six pills each time, three times each day. Both groups were medicated for one month consecutively. The changes of symptom scales such as the mood, mind, language, behavior and sleep in both groups were explored between before and after treating. Results:Total effective rate of the treatment group was 90.0%, higher than 80.0%of the control group with significant differ-ence (P<0.05). Symptom scales of the mood, mind, language, behavior, sleep and others were decreased significant-ly after treating (P<0.05), the decrease of the observation group was more evident (P<0.05). Conclusion:AnShen JieYu capsules could relieve the syptoms of the patients obviously.%目的:观察安神解郁胶囊治疗神经症的临床疗效。方法:将100例神经症患者随机分为治疗组与对照组各50例,2组均给予抗焦虑剂、抗抑郁剂、选择性5-羟色胺再摄取抑制剂等西药常规治疗。治疗组在此基础上加服安神解郁胶囊,6粒/次,3次/d。2组均连续用药1个月。观察2组治疗前后情绪、神志、语言、行为、睡眠等症状评分的变化情况。结果:总有效率治疗组为90.0%,对照组为80.0%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。情绪、神志、语言、行为、睡眠等症状评分2组治疗后均明显降低(P<0.05),观察组降低更明显(P<0.05)。结论:安神解郁胶囊可明显缓解患者症状。

  14. 劳伦斯与郁达夫小说的性伦理思想%Sex Ethics Thought in the Fictions by Lawrence and Yu Dafu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋家国

    2009-01-01

    劳伦斯和郁达夫小说的性伦理思想主要体现为:反对理性、道德对人性的干预;主张回归人的自然本性;追求"灵"、"肉"相谐.他们从自己的性伦理标准出发,塑造了一系列具有或丑陋或理想的性关系的人物形象.这对于揭露批判资本主义工业文明对人性的扭曲、封建道德对生命本能的压抑,创建情欲相谐、灵肉统一的新型两性关系具有积极意义.由于劳伦斯在否定资产阶级道德的同时,也否定了任何道德的必要,因而他的性伦理是有缺陷的.郁达夫用充满人道精神的性伦理来反对传统的封建伦理,因而社会现实意义更大一些.%The major thoughts of the sex ethics embodied in Lawrence's and Yu da-fu's fiction are mainly the following points: opposition to the oppression of humanity by rationality and existing social morality, advocacy of the restoration of human nature, pursuit of the harmony between "spirit" and "flesh". They describe some character images (evil or ideal ) with sex relation according to their own sex ethics standards. It has active meaning in Lawrence's criticism of the distortion of humanity by industrialization and the opposition of life nature by feudalism morality, creation of a new sex relation in sexuality harmony and unity of "flesh"and "spirit". However, Lawrence's own sex ethics is also flawed, for he denies the necessity of any morality when he negates the bourgeois morality. While Yu da-fu oppresses traditional feudalism ethics by way of humanity spirit in his fictions, so it gets more realism.

  15. 尧、舜、禹禅让说之证伪%On the Falsification of the Account of the Abdication of Yao,Shun and Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史芳树; 方嘉珍

    2012-01-01

    When examined with reason and logic, several important links of the account of the abdication of Yao,Shun,Yu are self-contradictory. For instance, both Dan Zhu and Shang Jun lost their throne for being "unworthy", yet their unworthiness was not only inconsistent with the meaning of unworthiness but with the father-son affection. The account of Yao's marrying his two daughters to Shun and sending his nine sons to inspect him is defected in its inversion of methods and results. The two attempting to murder Shun by setting fire and live burying are in the lack of motives and the ridiculous strategies of both the murderer and the victim are ridiculous. The details of Shun's avoidance of Dan Zhu and Yu's avoidance of Shang Jun can not withstand scrutiny. The cause of Yi's loss of opportunity is contradictory with Qi's succession to the throne for being "virtuous". In a word, the accounts of the abdication of Yao,Shun and Yu must be falsified.%以情理与逻辑检验尧、舜、禹、启禅让说中的几个重要环节皆自相矛盾。诸如丹朱、商均因“不肖”而失去天子位,不符合“不肖”的词义,有违父子亲情;帝尧嫁二女为舜妻、遣九男为舜仆的说法,存在着手段与结果倒置等诸多漏洞;谋杀舜的纵火、活埋两案,既无合理的作案动机,凶手亦无作案机会,凶手与受害人在策略上同样乖谬;舜避让丹朱、禹避让商均的细节经不起推敲;益错过机会的理由与启因“贤”而继位同样自相矛盾。因此,尧、舜、禹、启禅让说是伪作。

  16. Topical problems of the theory of Transcendental numbers: Development of approaches to their solution in the works of Yu. V. Nesterenko

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chirskii, V. G.

    2017-04-01

    The present paper is a survey of a part of the theory devoted to certain problems concerning the algebraic independence of the values of analytic functions, to quantitative results on estimates for the measure of transcendence or the measure of algebraic independence of numbers, to functional analogs of these results on the algebraic independence of solutions of algebraic differential equations, and estimates for the multiplicities of zeros for polynomials in these solutions, which play an important role in the proof of numerical results. This choice is related to the fact that, in December 2016, the head of the Department of Number Theory of Moscow State University, Corresponding Member of the RAS Yu.V. Nesterenko, who did a lot to develop these directions of the theory Transcendental numbers and whose works are marked by many awards, became seventy. He is a laureate of the Markov RAS Prize, 2006, of the Ostrovsky international prize, 1997, of the Hardy-Ramanujan Society Prize, 1997, and the Alexander von Humboldt Prize, 2003. Since the article is dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the birth of Yurii Valentinovich, we preface the scientific part with a brief biography.

  17. Identification and Functional Analysis of microRNAs Involved in the Anther Development in Cotton Genic Male Sterile Line Yu98-8A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaojie Yang

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Hybrid vigor contributes in a large way to the yield and quality of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum fiber. Although microRNAs play essential regulatory roles in flower induction and development, it is still unclear if microRNAs are involved in male sterility, as the regulatory molecular mechanisms of male sterility in cotton need to be better defined. In this study, two independent small RNA libraries were constructed and sequenced from the young buds collected from the sporogenous cell formation to the meiosis stage of the male sterile line Yu98-8A and the near-isogenic line. Sequencing revealed 1588 and 1536 known microRNAs and 347 and 351 novel miRNAs from male sterile and male fertile libraries, respectively. MicroRNA expression profiles revealed that 49 conserved and 51 novel miRNAs were differentially expressed. Bioinformatic and degradome analysis indicated the regulatory complexity of microRNAs during flower induction and development. Further RT-qPCR and physiological analysis indicated that, among the different Kyoto Encyclopedia Gene and Genomes pathways, indole-3-acetic acid and gibberellic acid signaling transduction pathways may play pivotal regulatory functions in male sterility.

  18. Detection and identification of Huo-Xue-Hua-Yu decoction (HXHYD) using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy and multivariate analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiwei; Lin, Jia; Chen, Rong; Feng, Shangyuan; Yu, Yun; Lin, Duo; Huang, Meizhen; Shi, Hong; Huang, Hao

    2015-04-01

    We have evaluated the capabilities of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technology for analyzing two Huo-Xue-Hua-Yu decoctions (HXHYDs) prepared according to different prescriptions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of SERS technology applied to decoction of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM). HXHYD I was prepared according to the original prescription; the same preparation method was used for the HXHYD II, except for the crudeweight ratio described in the original prescription. There was no Raman signal in conventional Raman spectra of HXHYDs. Silver nanoparticles were directly mixed with HXHYDs to enhance the Raman scattering of biochemical constituents, and high quality SERS spectra were obtained. Significant differences in SERS spectra between HXHYD I and II can be observed, which showed special changes in the percentage of biochemical constituents in different decoctions. Principal components analysis (PCA) combined with linear discriminant analysis (LDA) were employed to generate diagnostic algorithms for classification of SERS spectra of two HXHYDs, and showed that a diagnostic accuracy of 100% can be achieved. This work demonstrated that the SERS technique has potential for spectral characteristic detection for decoction of TCM with high sensitivity, and that this technique, combined with PCA-LDA, can be used for quality control of the extracted decoction of TCM and production management of Chinese herbal preparations.

  19. 租界文化影响下的曹禺及其剧作%Cao Yu and his Plays Influenced by the Culture of Leased Territory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王侠

    2015-01-01

    Living in a time of leased territory and settled in one literarily in Tianjin, playwright Cao Yu could not be free from influence of the culture of the leased territory, neither his character or his plays. Some of his best plays -The Tempest, The Sunrise, and The Beijing Natives -are set in the leased terri-tory and provide pictures of the leased territory not unintentionally.The author of this paper attempts to read his plays and the playwright himself from the perspective of the culture of leased territory.%身处租界时代又长在天津租界区的曹禺,不可能不受到租界空气的影响,从而形成他的独特个性气质及创作心理。在这一创作心理的潜性诱导下,他创作了一系列优秀的剧作,以《雷雨》、《日出》、《北京人》为代表,并在其中绘制了一幅幅鲜明的租界图景。笔者试图从租界文化的角度来解读曹禺及其剧作,以期为理解曹禺寻求另一种解读路径。

  20. 论曹禺早期剧作中的空白人物%Discussion on Blank Characters in CAO Yu's Early Drama

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朔梅

    2012-01-01

    CAO Yu creates many vivid drama characters. They include not only visible figures with distinct personality and color- ful feature, but also blank characters that have never showed up on the stage. Though these blank characters do not appear on the stage, they closely interact with visible figures, participating in the story, deepening the figures, and demonstrating the u- niquely aesthetic implication of the writers. Starting with Thunderstorm, Sunrise, Champaign and Pekingese, the blank characters are explored.%曹禺塑造了许多栩栩如生的戏剧人物,既有个性鲜明、有声有色的有形人物,也不乏不曾现身舞台的空白人物。这些空白人物在舞台上虽然是无形的,但他们与有形人物遥相呼应,一起参与剧情,深化人物,展示着作家独特的审美意趣。从曾禺早期的几部戏剧作品《雷雨》、《日出》、《原野》和《北京人》入手分析其中的空白人物。

  1. Analysis on YU Jiayan’s Understanding of Diabetes%浅谈喻嘉言对消渴的认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗文娟; 喻嵘; 唐元; 陈聪; 曾婧; 张翔

    2015-01-01

    Most ancient physicians believed that the pathogenesis of diabetes is Yin deficiency and dry heat,while YU Jiayan had inherited the theoretical ideas from Inner Canon of Huangdi and ZHANG Zhongjing,he thought the etiology of diabetes is originate from deficiency of Qi energy and the pathogenesis of diabetes is beginning in stomach and ends in lung and kidney ,so the treatment focus on spleen and stomach,which has provided new theoretical orientations for later physicians and clinic ideas on the diabetes treatments.%历代医家多认为消渴的病机在于阴虚燥热,然喻嘉言承袭《黄帝内经》和仲景理论提出独特的见解,认为消渴“源于气虚”,“始于胃而极于肺肾”,治疗强调注重脾胃,为后世医家治疗消渴提供了新的论治方向和临床思路。

  2. On Yu Dafu's Novel Style%“带实写风”的浪漫抒情--郁达夫小说风格∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程致中

    2016-01-01

    Yu Dafu's novels display romantic and realistic features in theme,lyrical methods,structure and pursuit of natural and emotional beauty.They are a poetic,sentimental,and unique literary landscape, which improves Chinese literary taste in novels and lyrical literature.His style is distinctive,but imperfect, providing imaginary space for aesthetic reading towards “ascending beauty”.%郁达夫小说在题材选择、抒情方式、结构形态和自然美、感伤美追求诸方面,呈现出带写实风的浪漫抒情特征。它是一道诗意盈盈,情意绵绵,风格独异的文学风景,提升了中国现代小说和抒情文学的艺术品位。郁达夫的风格奇特,但不是完美的,它给我们的审美阅读“朝着美的上升”提供了想象空间。

  3. Metabolic Flux Redirection and Transcriptomic Reprogramming in the Albino Tea Cultivar ‘Yu-Jin-Xiang’ with an Emphasis on Catechin Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guo-Feng; Han, Zhuo-Xiao; Feng, Lin; Gao, Li-Ping; Gao, Ming-Jun; Gruber, Margaret Y.; Zhang, Zhao-Liang; Xia, Tao; Wan, Xiao-Chun; Wei, Shu

    2017-01-01

    In this study, shade-induced conversion from a young pale/yellow leaf phenotype to a green leaf phenotype was studied using metabolic and transcriptomic profiling and the albino cultivar ‘Yu-Jin-Xiang’ (‘YJX’) of Camellia sinensis for a better understanding of mechanisms underlying the phenotype shift and the altered catechin and theanine production. Shaded leaf greening resulted from an increase in leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid abundance and chloroplast development. A total of 1,196 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between the ‘YJX’ pale and shaded green leaves, and these DEGs affected ‘chloroplast organization’ and ‘response to high light’ besides many other biological processes and pathways. Metabolic flux redirection and transcriptomic reprogramming were found in flavonoid and carotenoid pathways of the ‘YJX’ pale leaves and shaded green leaves to different extents compared to the green cultivar ‘Shu-Cha-Zao’. Enhanced production of the antioxidant quercetin rather than catechin biosynthesis was correlated positively with the enhanced transcription of FLAVONOL SYNTHASE and FLAVANONE/FLAVONOL HYDROXYLASES leading to quercetin accumulation and negatively correlated to suppressed LEUCOANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE, ANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE and SYNTHASE leading to catechin biosynthesis. The altered levels of quercetin and catechins in ‘YJX’ will impact on its tea flavor and health benefits. PMID:28332598

  4. Metabolic Flux Redirection and Transcriptomic Reprogramming in the Albino Tea Cultivar 'Yu-Jin-Xiang' with an Emphasis on Catechin Production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guo-Feng; Han, Zhuo-Xiao; Feng, Lin; Gao, Li-Ping; Gao, Ming-Jun; Gruber, Margaret Y; Zhang, Zhao-Liang; Xia, Tao; Wan, Xiao-Chun; Wei, Shu

    2017-03-23

    In this study, shade-induced conversion from a young pale/yellow leaf phenotype to a green leaf phenotype was studied using metabolic and transcriptomic profiling and the albino cultivar 'Yu-Jin-Xiang' ('YJX') of Camellia sinensis for a better understanding of mechanisms underlying the phenotype shift and the altered catechin and theanine production. Shaded leaf greening resulted from an increase in leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid abundance and chloroplast development. A total of 1,196 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between the 'YJX' pale and shaded green leaves, and these DEGs affected 'chloroplast organization' and 'response to high light' besides many other biological processes and pathways. Metabolic flux redirection and transcriptomic reprogramming were found in flavonoid and carotenoid pathways of the 'YJX' pale leaves and shaded green leaves to different extents compared to the green cultivar 'Shu-Cha-Zao'. Enhanced production of the antioxidant quercetin rather than catechin biosynthesis was correlated positively with the enhanced transcription of FLAVONOL SYNTHASE and FLAVANONE/FLAVONOL HYDROXYLASES leading to quercetin accumulation and negatively correlated to suppressed LEUCOANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE, ANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE and SYNTHASE leading to catechin biosynthesis. The altered levels of quercetin and catechins in 'YJX' will impact on its tea flavor and health benefits.

  5. A Deep Exploration Into the "word of God" Reputation About LiYu in the Realm of Literature%千古词帝钩沉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辟辟

    2014-01-01

    李煜之所以能在文学史上享有“词帝”的美誉,是与他所生长的环境培养出深厚的文学功底、独特的生活经历和率真的性情息息相关的。就词学审美来说,主要是因为他善于调动各种表现手法来抒发内心的真情实感。可以说率真的性情和高超的艺术表现手法是成就李煜千古词帝的最根本原因。%Li Yu can enjoy the "word of God" reputation in the history of literature,with his growth environment cultivating profound literary background,the unique life experience and openness of temperament,mainly because he is good at mobilizing various ways to express the his inner real feelings as the aesthetic of Ci poetry. It can be said sincere temperament and superb artistic expression that is the most fundamental reason for enjoying the "word of God" reputation .

  6. Tn5-mutagenesis and identification of atr operon and trpE gene responsible for indole-3-acetic acid synthesis in Azospirillum brasilense Yu62

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    To bring more information about synthesis of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) from Azospirillum brasilense, a Tn5-insertion library of A. brasilense Yu62 was constructed and subjected to screening for IAA producing mutants. Two mutants with decreased IAA levels, named as A3 and A24, were isolated. The sequence analysis of loci tagged showed that the Tn5-1063a was located in the atrA gene encoding GntR family transcriptional regulator and trpE gene encoding component I of anthranilate synthase respectively. At the same time, atrB encoding phosphotransferase and atrC encoding aminotransferase were cloned downstream the atrA gene and atrA,atrB and atrC were clustered in an operon. Mutagenesis and complementation studies showed that atrA and atrC were involved in IAA synthesis. IAA levels of trpE mutant and wild-type strain could be improved by adding anthranilate into the medium.

  7. Application of Traditional Pattern of Ba and Yu to Tourist Souvenirs%巴渝传统图案在旅游纪念品中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玲

    2014-01-01

    This paper expounds that the tourist souvenirs in the tourism industry have an important position and play a un-neglec-ted role, objectively analyzes the problems existed in the tourism souvenir markets and the souvenirs themselves, and based on this, proposes how to combine “traditional pattern”, one of representatives of local culture, with the design and development of tourist souvenirs from the angle of product design in order to design and make the tourist souvenirs with the characteristics of Ba and Yu local culture.%本文阐述了旅游纪念品在旅游业中的不可忽视的重要地位和作用,客观分析了目前巴渝地区旅游纪念品市场、纪念品本身所存在的问题。在此基础上,本文从产品设计的角度提出了如何将地域文化的代表之一---“传统图案”与旅游纪念品设计开发相结合,设计制造出具有巴渝地区地域文化特色的旅游纪念品。

  8. Bold and Straightforward: Remark on Denouncing Buddhism Articles by Han-yu%气壮而理直:韩愈辟佛之文刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑亚芳

    2011-01-01

    中唐时期,佞佛风气盛行,全民癫狂,为挽当时之佞佛风气,树儒家之正统,韩愈作《原道》《论佛骨表》等文,文章正气凛然,有冲决一时之效。笔者试论其文气盛之表现与缘由,感受韩文“长江大河,浑浩流转”之风貌。%At the middle Tang dynasty, Buddhism-flattering prevailed that rendered the whole society mania. In order to rescue the country from this abnormality of heretical vogue whereby to set up the legitimacy of Confucianism, Han-yu wrote articles of The Original Doctrine and The Dispute of Buddhist Bone, which merited boldness, straightforward,and instantaneous effectiveness of shocking. This article analyzes his articles in terms of their grandiose spirits as well as their causes,revealing the features in his articles of the "giant river, gorgeous and surging".

  9. A Lexical Study On the Chinese Translations of Dong-Mun-Yu-Hae%《同文类解》汉译语词研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林毅

    2011-01-01

    Dong-Mun-Yu-Hae is a Chinese-Korean-Manchu trilingual classify vocabulary book edited by the Korean Translation Bureau Sayogwon.Compared with the Korean and Manchu translations,we find that many of the Chinese words in this book reflected the features of the Spoken Han'er Language in Qianlong period in Qing Dynasty.Some of the words even present the unique characteristics of Northeast Dialect.And few words are not the standard expressions which were affected by the mother tongue of Korean editors.%《同文类解》是朝鲜王朝司译院编辑的一部汉—韩—满三语对译分类词汇书。通过对照该书的韩国语、满语对译来考释该书的汉译语词,发现该书大量汉译语词较好地反映清代乾隆年间"汉儿言语"的口语特点,部分语词还呈现出东北方言独有的特质。少量语词是受编著者母语韩国语影响的不规范表达方式。

  10. The summer snow cover anomaly over the Tibetan Plateau and its association with simultaneous precipitation over the mei-yu-baiu region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ge; Wu, Renguang; Zhang, Yuanzhi; Nan, Sulan

    2014-07-01

    The summer snow anomalies over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and their effects on climate variability are often overlooked, possibly due to the fact that some datasets cannot properly capture summer snow cover over high terrain. The satellite-derived Equal-Area Scalable Earth grid (EASE-grid) dataset shows that snow still exists in summer in the western part and along the southern flank of the TP. Analysis demonstrates that the summer snow cover area proportion (SCAP) over the TP has a significant positive correlation with simultaneous precipitation over the mei-yu-baiu (MB) region on the interannual time scale. The close relationship between the summer SCAP and summer precipitation over the MB region could not be simply considered as a simultaneous response to the Silk Road pattern and the SST anomalies in the tropical Indian Ocean and tropical central-eastern Pacific. The SCAP anomaly has an independent effect and may directly modulate the land surface heating and, consequently, vertical motion over the western TP, and concurrently induce anomalous vertical motion over the North Indian Ocean via a meridional vertical circulation. Through a zonal vertical circulation over the tropics and a Kelvin wave-type response, anomalous vertical motion over the North Indian Ocean may result in an anomalous high over the western North Pacific and modulate the convective activity in the western Pacific warm pool, which stimulates the East Asia-Pacific (EAP) pattern and eventually affects summer precipitation over the MB region.

  11. The Unhappy Boys--- On the Boys' Survival Situation in Yu Hua's Novels%失乐的少年--论余华小说中男孩的生存境遇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洁

    2014-01-01

    In the contemporary literature , children often appear ,many writers prefer children's perspective narrative . In Yu Hua's novels , children are everywhere . Especially on the boy image , Yu Hua's writing shows more in - depth bone marrow , and is more impressive .The boys in Yu Hua's novels are often unhappy and their growing - up is full of hardships and suffering . Doomed fate of starvation ,unable to resist physical violence and homeless souls make these teenagers caught in a dilemma of unhappiness .The three fates , taking a beating ,suffering from hunger and getting a scolding are Yu Hua's unique understanding and reflection for boys' world .%在当代文学中,儿童的出镜率很高,许多作家也都偏爱儿童视角的叙事。在余华的小说里,儿童的身影更是随处可见。特别是在男孩形象的塑造上,余华的书写更深入骨髓,也更震撼人心。余华小说中的男孩常常与快乐绝缘,他们的成长岁月充满艰辛和苦难。在劫难逃的饥饿命运,无法抵挡的肉体暴力以及灵魂无家的四顾茫然让这群少年陷入一种失乐的困境。挨饿、挨打、挨弃这三种人生命运是余华对男孩世界的独特理解和反映。

  12. 《汉语大字典》“艸”部字际关系考辨%Research on Inter-Characters Relations in Han Yu Da Zi Dian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯佳利

    2013-01-01

    The paper researchs the Characters of “艸”bu in Han Yu Da Zi Dian ,and points out some mis-takes existing in dealing with the inter -Characters relations .%以第二版《汉语大字典》第六册“艸”部若干字为例,指出其在字际关系沟通上存在的问题,并对其进行考辨。

  13. Boiling desi re---Analysis Yu Dafu’s emotional life While he was studying in Japan%沸腾的欲望--谈郁达夫留日期间的情感生活

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马维; 鲁守广

    2014-01-01

    In the May Fourth generation of writers ,Yu Dafu’s works and himself have strong characteristics of the time .Yu Dafu’s experience is very legendary ,but also a very controversial one .In this article ,I think Yu Dafu is only shy and confident when he was young ,and its “humble themselves from animal husbandry ,” the temperament real life experience in Japan caused .During his stay at no capital or symbolic capital transcend racial distance to meet their instinc-tive desire ,the impact of Yu Dafu thereafter for Japan’s attitudes and political views as well as to his understanding of gender .%在“五四”一代的作家中,郁达夫的作品和人都具有浓厚的时代特征。郁达夫的经历是极具传奇性的,同时也是很有争议的一个人。郁达夫少时性格只是内向腼腆而已,是很自信的,其“卑己自牧”的性情实为日本生活经验所造成。他留日时期没有资本或者象征性的资本超越种族上的距离以满足自己的本能欲望,影响了郁达夫此后对于日本的态度和政治观点以及他对两性的认识。

  14. 成渝产业带主要城市空间关系研究%The Research of Main Cities Space Relations of Cheng-Yu Industry Belt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄炳康; 李忆春; 吴敏

    2000-01-01

    The cities space relations mean space interative relations among cities, its complicated degree is an im-portant index of regional cities assemble benefits. This article discusses main cities space relations of Cheng-Yuindustry belt. First, this article measures some indexes which mark the main cities space interactive strengths ofChen-Yu industry belt, and compares them with other main industry belts in China. Then, the article makes aconcrete analysis of main cities interaction of ChengYu industry belt. The third main part discusses the harmo-nious development thinkings of main cities space interaction of Cheng-Yu industry belt.%城市空间关系是指城市与城市空间相互作用关系,它的复杂程度是区域城市群体集聚效益的重要标志之一。通过对成渝产业带主要城市空间相互作用强度进行测算,分析了产业带内主要城市空间关系,提出了产业带内主要城市空间关系协调发展的思路。

  15. Violence and Warmth:on the Postmodern Context of Yu Hua's Avantgarde Novels%暴力与温情——试论余华的先锋小说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋蓉

    2012-01-01

    余华是先锋小说的代表作家,他在20世纪90年代创作的小说依然是读者和文学批评家所津津乐道的对象。基于后现代话语支配下余华写作思路的起承转合,从消解人物和暴力叙述两个角度回顾了他在先锋小说创作时期对文本结构和内容的突破,并从暴力与温情的张力中彰显余华小说写作的当代魅力。%Yu Hua is a representative of Chinese Avantgarde Novel writers, whose novels published in 1990s are still heatedly talked about by readers and literary critics. This paper focuses on Yu Hua's writing thoughts influenced by the discourse of postmodernism. In Yu hua's new novel-writing period, he breaks through text structure and contents from the aspects of character digestion and violent narration, and also highlights his contemporary writing charm from the tension of violence and warmth.

  16. 从《医门法律》论喻昌重规范的医德思想%Discussion on Yu Chang′s Medical Moral Thoughts Characterized by Highlighting the Criterion Based on "Medical Laws"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李占立; 赵群

    2016-01-01

    重规范是清代名医喻昌医德思想的重要特征。喻昌在继承传统医德思想的基础上在其医学著作《医门法律》中援“佛”入“医”借鉴佛教的戒律思想进一步阐述了他的“以律戒医”的医德规范。分析了喻昌在《医门法律》中提出的“慎”“精”“诚”以及“求真”等具体的医德规范或要求,并指出了喻昌医德思想的基本特征及其意义。%Yu Chang,a famous doctor in Qing dynasty,puts a high value on criterion, which is the most impor-tant characteristic in his medical moral thoughts. Based on the traditional medical moral, Yu Chang quoted Buddha into medicine and further expounded the medical moral criterion ( restrain the doctors by laws) referring to Buddhist commandment. This article analyzed the detailed medical moral criterion and requirements of "carefulness","per-fection","honesty"and "pursuing the truth"that mentioned in Medical Laws. Furthermore, it pointed out the es-sential features and significance of Yu Chang′s medical moral thoughts.

  17. About the article by M.A. Goncharov, Yu.N. Raznitsin, Yu.V. Barkin «SPECIFIC FEATURES OF DEFORMATION OF THE CONTINENTAL AND OCEANIC LITHOSPHERE AS A RESULT OF THE EARTH CORE NORTHERN DRIFT»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuri G. Leonov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The review summary states that studies of the hierarchical subordination of geodynamic systems is top in the scientific agenda, and researches of orientation of the Earth’s surface deformation structures in relation to the elements of the stress field are important. It is noted that the proposed classification of geological objects by ranks is ambiguous, and there is a need for a geodynamic model to provide a basis for studying relationships between the fields of forces, stresses and strains on the surface and processes which take place deep in the core and mantle of the Earth.

  18. Yi zhi xing jiao yi zhe, fangdichan paomo yu fangdichan zhengce: jian lun zhongguo de fangdichan zhengci

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.

    2011-01-01

    Based on the classical De Long et al (1990), we build a model of housing bubbles to analyze the role of market imperfections (noise traders, liquidity constraint, limited liability and weak property rights protections, etc) and their interactions in the formation of housing bubbles. We show that the

  19. To Discuss Three Kinds of Witchcraft about Yu in RiShu%秦简《日书》涉禹出行巫术考论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫喜琴

    2011-01-01

    The reason that Yu's some behaviors had been used by the Pre-Qin sorcerer as witchcraft in RiShu, first, had lied in Pre-Qin sorcerer to want to obtain Yu's authority by imitating his behavior; Next, Yu had played an important role in witchcraft history;%秦简《日书》涉禹出行巫术的产生,首先是由于禹在长期的行旅生涯中,立下了赫赫的功绩,确立了崇高的威望,故而先秦巫师在作法之时,意欲通过模仿禹的行为以获得禹所拥有的无上权威;其次禹既是一个伟大的君主,也是一个在巫术发展史上曾经起到过举足轻重作用的大巫,故巫师施展法术之时,视禹之巫术为正宗并效法之;第三,相信鬼神巫术、在先秦社会影响极大的显学墨家对禹倍加推崇,所以涉禹巫术自然也就会得到他们的信奉并宣扬。总之,由于以上三种原因,使禹的一些行为遂为先秦巫师所采纳,作为其解决与出行相关的问题时的重要巫术加以利用。此后

  20. 余华小说《第七天》中的生与死%Life and Death of Yu Hua’s Novel The Seventh Day

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪

    2014-01-01

    The Seventh Day, for which Yu Hua spends seven years, is her latest novel after Brothers.The story tells a man’s experience and memories after his death and shows us a fair and harmonious world, which is different from the real one. Characters in the novel could face death rationally, without pain or fear. The meanings of life and death get reversed. The dead world gets close to the idealized real world, which attracts people to long for. Life and death are linked by love to enable people to feel the warmth. The novel is also criticized for superficiality in thought for an over-exposure of reality.%《第七天》描绘了主人公死去后所经历的事情以及勾起的回忆,为读者展现了一个不同于现实世界的平等、和谐的死亡世界。作品中的人物对死亡没有痛苦或恐惧,能够理性地看待死亡。生与死的意义被颠倒,死亡世界接近理想中的现实世界,更加吸引人们去向往。生与死由“爱”这条纽带联系起来,让人们在冰冷中感受到温情。这部小说也因为大量暴露现实而显得思想深度不足,出版后便备受争议。

  1. Life and Death of Yu Hua's Novel The Seventh Day%余华小说《第七天》中的生与死

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪

    2014-01-01

    The Seventh Day is Yu Hua's latest novel,which was spent seven years to finish after the completion of Brothers. The story told us a man's experience and memories after his death and showed us a fair and harmonious dead world. The analysis of the view in the works includes following three aspects:The characters of the story didn't have feel-ings of pain or fear and could face death rationally;The meanings of life and death were upside down and the dead world was close to the real world,which attracted people a lot;Life and death were linked by love,which made people feel warm. The novel is thought - provoking and controversial because of the overly realistically exposure.%《第七天》是余华继《兄弟》七年之后完成的最新一部长篇小说,描绘了主人公死去后所经历的事情以及勾起的回忆,为读者展现了一个平等、和谐的死亡世界。经过分析,作品中的生死问题包括三个方面:作品中的人物对死亡没有痛苦或恐惧,能够理性地看待死亡;生与死的意义被颠倒,死亡世界接近理想中的现实世界,更加引人向往;生与死由“爱”这条纽带联系起来,让人们在冰冷中感受到温情。这部小说暴露了大量的社会现实,引人深思,也备受争议。

  2. Comparison of Aesthetic Tendency Between Han Yu and Baudelaire%韩愈与波德莱尔审美趋向之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宁宁

    2015-01-01

    作为两个民族不同时代的杰出诗人,韩愈与波德莱尔相似的生活背景与经历使他们诗歌审美方面出现了不同程度的趋同。他们在文学创作上都大量运用“以丑为美”手法;都不约而同地打破散文与诗歌的界限,创作散文诗或者说是“以文为诗”。这绝非偶然,而是文学艺术创作规律作用的必然。这表明:在不同文化背景中存在某种精神层面上的共性,这种共性使不同文化之间的互相沟通有了现实可能性。%As brilliant poets of different nationalities in the different times, due to the similar living background and experience, Han Yu and Baudelaire have followed to various extents the convergence of poem aesthetics, with the writing skill of “Ugliness as Beauty”widely applied in literature creation. Both of them have broken the boundary of prose and poem, creating prose poem or “taking prose as poem”. It is the inevitable result of the role of literature and art creating rule. It shows that commonness of spirits exists in the different cultural background, which makes the mutual communication between the different cultures realistically possible.

  3. Conceptive Features of Han Yu and Meng Jiao Poetry Creation%韩孟诗派诗歌创作的构思特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪静云

    2015-01-01

    学界对韩孟诗派诗歌创作特色的研究,都主要从诗派成员的创作心理层面探究其奇崛怪异的美学追求,对其诗歌创作的构思特色则少有专论。韩孟诗派诗歌创作以矫激的情绪对抗艰难的生存状况,诗歌构思险怪奇崛,主要表现在三个方面:其一是在立意构思上有意追求奇特超常、曲折多变,其二是在句式上有意追求构辞的散文化,其三是在用辞上有意追求造语生新、奇崛险怪的效果。%Academic studies on creative characteristics of Han Yu and Meng Jiao poetry were mostly from poets’creative psychology, exploring the pursuit of aesthetics of the peculiar and the weird, but rarely on the ideas and conceptive features of their poems. Han & Meng poetry’s creation used changing and powful stress of feeling against the tough living conditions. The odd and strange poetry style is mainly presented in the following three aspects: first, it intended to pursue in the lyrical concept of strange paranormal, meandering;Second, it intended to pursue at the sentence structure-speech prose;Third, it intended to pursue the creation of new words and the peculiar and dangerous effects on the terminology.

  4. 时间和情欲--论鱼玄机的生命孤独%Time and Lust:Loneliness in the Life of Yu Xuanji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国云

    2016-01-01

    鱼玄机自充任侍妾被弃之后,一生之中都在苦苦寻觅自己的感情寄托,但是终究无法获得眷顾。在时间的流转更替中,她越加觉得生命孤独无助,诗歌中关注了大量有关岁月流逝的意象,如春秋日夜等。本应过着枯寂的道观生活,但她却和诸多的世俗士子交往甚密,放荡不羁,纵情声色。其实,她二元相悖的生活正源于她苦苦追寻爱情而不得的生命孤独。她这样的生活状态成为了唐代社会开放、追求精神自由的一个有力注脚。%After being deserted as a concubine,Yu Xuanji had been seeking for an emotional sustenance bit-terly through her life,but she never got the favor all along.As time flew,she was more and more lonely and helpless.Her poems focused largely on images about fleeting time,such as the shift of spring and autumn, day and night and so on.She should have lived a dull and lonely life in the Taoist Temple,but she rubbed to-gether with many mundane scholars,dissolute and sensual.In fact,the extremes of her life originated from loneliness and the absence of love which she bitterly sought for.Her living situation thus became a powerful footnote which explained the open Tang Dynasty and people’s search for spiritual freedom.

  5. On Divination and Hexagram in the Age of Xia Yu%论夏禹时代的占卜易卦

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史东雨; 史善刚

    2016-01-01

    夏禹时代是尧(唐)舜(虞)禹(大)及夏王朝时代,其时大约为距今4300—3700年。此一时代,在考古学上谓之龙山文化后期和二里头文化时代。夏禹时代之占卜易卦,需要深入探讨的有两处:一个是陶寺遗址出土的朱书“文”字扁壶及其铭文中的占卜易卦;一个是二里头遗址中所发现的卜骨现象和数字符号。作为单个数字的出现,如舞阳贾湖出土的时为8000年前的一个“八”字,西安半坡遗址出现的6000年前的“╳”(五)字,仅可作为一层意思。到了陶寺遗址中出现的4000年前的“O一∧一”(日一六一),几个数字符号连用且又和文字符号并署,由此构成了一个完整的数字易卦。这一征象表明数字易卦作为完整的单卦,发展到此已树起了一座可资确证的里程碑。而到了二里头文化时代,则出现了一、二、三、∧(六)、十(七)、(八),即大多数的单个奇、偶数都出现了。这又一变化,不禁使人联想起由奇偶所组成的阴阳卦画,并可由此去探寻其卦画符号之渊源问题。%The Age of Xia Yu refers to the Yao ( Tang) , Shun ( Yu) and Yu ( Da) as well as the Xia Dynasty, when it was about 4300 - 3700 years ago. This age was archaeologically recorded as the time of the late Longshan Culture and Erlitou Culture. The de⁃mand for depth researches on the divination and hexagram at this stage falls on two aspects:one is the scarlet lettered flat Pot unearthed from the Taosi site and the divination and hexagram of its inscription;the other is oracle bone phenomenon and digit symbol discovered from the Erlitou Site. The appearances as a single number, such as “八”, used 8000 years ago with the meaning of eight, excavated from Jiahu in Wuyang County, and the symbol"╳", meaning five, used 6000 years ago and found in Xi′an Banpo should be one layer of historical significance. When it came

  6. 从《无声戏》看李渔悖谬性的叙事策略及其效果%On LiYu's Unreasoning Narrative Tactics and Its Narrative Effect in The Unvoiced Drama

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆兵

    2001-01-01

    LiYu adopted absurd narrative tactics in The Unvoiced Drama,had The Unvoiced Drama produce the narrative effect of “new”、“strange” and reached the aim of making people feel “new” and “strange”,the main reason of which was that LiYu remarkably strengthened people's trust in these stories by the clever blending of the rationalized notion,the moralized feelings, the open teaching, the amusing narration and absurd plots;at the same time,the absurd narrative tactics powerfully reduced the understandability about these stories;the others exerting their functions,too.That LiYu adopted absurd narrative tactics in The Unvoiced Drama was a useful practice of the theory that the literature must create something new.%李渔在《无声戏》中采取了悖谬性的叙事策略,使《无声戏》产生了“新”、“奇”的叙事效果,达到了新人耳目的叙事目的。其主要原因是李渔通过观念理性化、感情道德化、训谕明示化、叙事娱乐化和情节悖谬化的巧妙融合,显著地增强了人们对故事的信任感;同时,悖谬性叙事策略也有力地降低了故事的可理解性;其它叙事因素也发挥了积极的作用。李渔在《无声戏》中采取的悖谬性叙事策略是他文学创新思想的一次有益的实践。

  7. Evidence Feed Forward Hidden Markov Models for Visual Human Action Classification (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    Features for 3-D Jester Recognition,” Proceedings from IEEE Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (AFGR), 1996, pp. 157-162. 9. Yu, C., Ballard, D...pp. 1-4, doi:10.1109/ICPR.2008.4761290. 11. Wilson, A., Bobick, A., “Parametric Hidden Markov Models for Gesture Recognition ,” IEEE Transaction on

  8. On a test of the modified BCS theory performance in the picket fence model

    CERN Document Server

    Dang, Nguyen Dinh

    2009-01-01

    The errors in the arguments, numerical results, and conclusions in the paper "Test of a modified BCS theory performance in the picket fence model" [Nucl. Phys. A (in press), doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.03.001.] by V.Yu. Ponomarev and A.I. Vdovin are pointed out. Its repetitions of already published material are also discussed.

  9. Proceedings to the 18th Workshop : What Comes Beyond the Standard Models

    CERN Document Server

    Nielsen, Holger Bech; Lukman, Dragan; What Comes Beyond the Standard Models

    2015-01-01

    The contribution contains the preface to the Proceedings to the 18th Workshop "What Comes Beyond the Standard Models", Bled, July 11 - 19, 2015, published in Bled workshops in physics, Vol.16, No. 2, DMFA-Zaloznistvo, Ljubljana, Dec. 2015, links to (most of) the published contributions and section (by M.Yu. Khlopov) on VIA at Bled 2015.

  10. 俞樟华的学术探索与创新之路%Professor Yu Zhanghua’ s Exploration and Innovation of Academic Career

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘德宝

    2015-01-01

    Professor Yu Zhanghua’ s academic career, from the research of Historical Records, to the research of biographical literature, to the research of academic history, is an exploration and innovation road. In the field of research on Historical Records, his Historical Records Research Data Indexing and Papers Monographs Abstract and Research History of Historical Records have the properties of integrated. Historical Records New Discussion and On Historical Records’ Art and a series work on Historical Records ac⁃ceptance history showed innovation. In the research field of biographical literature, Research of China Biography Literature Theory and The Study of Ancient Miscellaneous Biography and Analects of Biographical Literature and Research on Qing Dynasty Biography and On the Authenticity of Ancient Biography also reflect his creative spirit. In the field of research on academic history, Annals of Wang Xue and Annals of Tongcheng School and Annals of Chinese Academic and Xin Hai Log as the representative, these works re⁃flected on the persistence and transcendence of the former two.%俞樟华教授的学术之路,从《史记》研究到传记文学研究再到学术史研究,是一条探索与创新之路。《史记》研究领域,其《史记研究资料索引和论文专著提要》《史记研究史略》具有集大成的性质,《史记新探》《史记艺术论》及系列《史记》接受史等论著则凸显了创新性;传记研究领域,《中国传记文学理论研究》《古代杂传研究》《传记文学谈薮》《清代传记研究》《古代传记真实论》等体现了其创新的精神;学术史研究,以《王学编年》《桐城派编年》《中国学术编年》《辛亥日志》为代表,体现了对前两者的坚守与超越。

  11. The Research on ZHAO Huai-yu about Ancestors of Poetry%家声我敢负高曾--赵怀玉述祖诗文研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝士英; 王文荣

    2016-01-01

    ZHAO Huai-yu was a famous scholar in Qing Dynasty. He was considered as one of the seven Piling poets and focused on the poetry of classical Chinese words. Five Handwriting Sequence is a long article about the morality of his ancestors. According to the lines, we can feel the kind heart of transferring the ancestors’good deeds and characters. In addition, he also has a certain number of poetry about his progenitors. Through those po-etry, we could find the power of his glory and pride, the defence and uplift. At the same time, there are lingering stress and anxiety. His poetry of progenitors offers a variety of view. According to the literary point of view, it is necessary to concentrate on the origin and evolution. From the angle of history, the relationship between family history and the official history was fascinating. Last but not least, from the angle of sociology, readers can think deeply about the relationship between the individual and the whole family.%赵怀玉,清代著名文人,“毗陵七子”之一,工诗古文词。《五世手迹跋》是其缕述祖德的一篇长文,字里行间,跃动着欲传先祖懿德嘉行之拳拳之心。赵怀玉另有一定数量的述祖诗文,于中可见其对待先祖的荣光与骄傲、守护与振拔的动力,还有挥之不去的压力与焦虑。其述祖诗文,提供了多种考察角度,从文学的角度看,其渊源流变值得关注;从历史的角度,家族私史与官史的关系颇堪玩味;从社会学的角度,可思考个体与家族的关系。

  12. 于艳茹诉北京大学案的法律评析%Legal Analysis on Yu Yanru vs. Peking University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湛中乐; 王春蕾

    2016-01-01

    The ‘Yu Yanru Case’ is the first administrative litigation in China regarding the revocation of a doctor degree due to the plagiarism of a thesis.The legality of the revocation decision shall be analyzed and evaluated coordinated with the basic theory of education administrative law and the fact of this case. The main issues in this case include the legal basis of the revocation of a degree,whether such plagiarized thesis constitutes a key condition of the revocation decision of a doctor degree or not, the difference between fraud and plagiarism, the legality of the proceeding regarding such revocation decision, and the remedy of both parties in this case. Finally, for the purpose of plagiarism regulation, it is suggested to build up a kind of academic review rules obeying to the cognitive rationality in addition to pure judicial review proceedings.%“于艳茹案”是我国首个因论文抄袭导致博士学位撤销的行政诉讼案件。撤销于艳茹博士学位决定的合法性,必须结合教育行政法治的基本原理并结合案件事实予以评析。本案中的主要问题有:学位撤销的法律依据;这篇涉嫌抄袭的论文是否构成博士学位撤销的要件;“舞弊作伪”与“抄袭、剽窃”的区分;博士学位撤销的程序合法性;以及当事人权利救济。对抄袭剽窃行为的治理,除司法审查外,还应当建立一种回归知识理性的学术评审规范。

  13. Unique Mechanisms of Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang on Ischemic Stroke Mice Revealed by an Integrated Neurofunctional and Transcriptome Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chang Hou

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang; SYD is a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM remedy used in treating cardiovascular and brain-related dysfunction clinically; yet, its neuroprotective mechanisms are still unclear. Here, mice were subjected to an acute ischemic stroke to examine the efficacy and mechanisms of action of SYD by an integrated neurofunctional and transcriptome analysis. More than 80% of the mice died within 2 days after ischemic stroke with vehicle treatment. Treatments with SYD (1.0 g/kg, twice daily, orally or p.o. and recombinant thrombolytic tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA; 10 mg/kg, once daily, intravenously or i.v. both significantly extended the lifespan as compared to that of the vehicle-treated stroke group. SYD successfully restored brain function, ameliorated cerebral infarction and oxidative stress, and significantly improved neurological deficits in mice with stroke. Molecular impact of SYD by a genome-wide transcriptome analysis using brains from stroke mice showed a total of 162 out of 2081 ischemia-induced probe sets were significantly influenced by SYD. Mining the functional modules and genetic networks of these 162 genes revealed a significant upregulation of neuroprotective genes in Wnt receptor signaling pathway (3 genes and regulation of cell communication (7 genes and downregulation of destructive genes in response to stress (13 genes and in the induction of inflammation (5 genes, cytokine production (4 genes, angiogenesis (3 genes, vasculature (6 genes and blood vessel (5 genes development, wound healing (7 genes, defense response (7 genes, chemotaxis (4 genes, immune response (7 genes, antigen processing and presenting (3 genes, and leukocyte-mediated cytotoxicity (2 genes by SYD. Our results suggest that SYD could protect mice against ischemic stroke primarily through significantly downregulating the damaging genes involved in stress, inflammation, angiogenesis, blood vessel

  14. 九尾白狐与禹娶涂山女神话%Mythology of Nine Tailed White Fox and the Marriage between Yu and the Lady from Tushan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王守亮

    2013-01-01

    The History of Wu and Yue written by ZHAO Ye recorded the famous myth of Yu marrying the lady from Tushan. However, when some books,such as Shu Chao, Lei Ju, Yu Lan, and so on, quote this myth, part of their items may be noted Spring and Autumn by LV. As a result, scholars from both ancient and modern times always annotate Spring and Autumn by LV as the place where the myth comes from, which is cer-tainly false. The mystical part of this myth is the Nine Tailed White Fox. During the Warring States Period, the Nine Tailed White Fox was regarded as the mascot of Shang Dynasty rising with gold. It had nothing to do with Yu Dynasty that grew up with wood. Later on, people took the Nine Tailed White Fox as a symbol of Yu�s ris-ing. People lived in Han Dynasty connected the Nine Tailed White Fox with the marriage between Yu and the lady from Tushan, which transformed a historical legend into a romantic myth. Therefore, we should correct two misunderstandings about this mythology, which turns to be an example of making history mythical.%赵晔《吴越春秋》记载了著名的禹娶涂山女神话。但《书钞》、《类聚》、《御览》等类书引此神话时,部分条目注出《吕氏春秋》,故古今有学者据此认为这是该书佚文,这是错误的。禹娶涂山女神话神秘怪诞之处在于九尾白狐意象。战国时期,九尾白狐被认为是以金德王天下的商汤兴起之瑞,与以木德王天下的禹无关。汉儒根据五行相生说改造古史系统,以禹为金德,九尾白狐遂成禹兴之瑞。汉人将九尾白狐意象纳入禹与涂山女的婚姻故事,一段近实的历史传说蜕变为一则浪漫的神话。禹娶涂山女神话是历史神话化的一个实例。

  15. 周玉艳主任医师治疗难治性周围性面瘫经验初探%Experience of Doctor ZHOU YU-yan to Treat Peripheral Facial Paralysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彩荣; 陈朝明; 李静

    2013-01-01

    This article summarized famous doctor Zhou Yu-yan' s clinical experience in the treatment of Refractory facial paralysis, who pointed out the differentiation is different root excessive superficial. Mr. Zhou especially pays attention to adjust immunity and manipulation of acupuucture.%总结了名老中医周玉艳主任治疗难治性周围性面瘫的临床经验,指出难治性面瘫为本虚标实症,周主任临床上治疗上重调节免疫及针刺补泻手法,讲究治调并济.

  16. 文化漫游与精神家园——当代中国文化散文的公共语境 (Cultural Tours and the Spiritual Home: On Yu Qiuyu and Contemporary Chinese Cultural Essays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Zheng

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay explores the public social dimension of the “great cultural essays” as a popular post-socialist genre. It looks into the genre’s emergence and popularity as part of the making of a middleclass taste in contemporary China and its claim to a re-imagined cultural national inheritance. In particular, the discussion focuses on the example of essayist Yu Qiuyu and examines the implications of his successful transformation of an obsolete historical “Culture” into a desirable commodity that offers spiritual home to the aspiring and successful of a “Greater China”.

  17. To Look For Human Literature: Lin Yu-tang' s Views on Biographical Literature%寻求人的文学:论林语堂的传记文学观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余娜

    2015-01-01

    Biographical literature has actractted the attention of Lin Yu-tang. He not only wrote a few autobiographies and celebrity biographies,but also introduced many excellent works. Studying ancient literature, Lin Yu-tang found natural humanity and happy life. He expressed the idea about the development of Chinese modern biographical literature.%林语堂特别关注传记文学的创作,在不同时期都写有自传,并创作了几部重要的人物传记,且对中外优秀的传记作品大加推介. 在考察中国古代传记文学时,林语堂从现代个体意识出发,发现了自然人性的流露和生命愉悦的存在. 在这样的发现里,他表达了对中国现代传记文学发展的构想:尊重人性的自然流露,在日常俗世中追求超越性,实现审美文化人格的建构.

  18. The Relationship of Yu Dafu's "Trouble of Sex" and "Creation of ChenLun"%论郁达夫“性的苦闷”与《沉沦》的创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟松

    2011-01-01

    Trouble of Sex "is considered one of the most important character in Yu Dafu's autobiographical fiction,from Qian Xingcun put forward in 1928 for the first time," Trouble of Sex " was used by the later researchers constantly." the creation of ChenLun and Yu Dafu' trouble of sex when he studyed in Japan have a close relationship actually.%"性的苦闷"被认为是郁达夫自传体小说的一个重要特征,从钱杏邨1928年评论《沉沦》时首次提出开始,"性的苦闷"便被后来的研究者们不厌其烦的使用。《沉沦》是的创作,也确实与郁达夫留学日本时遭遇的"性的苦闷"有着密切的关系。

  19. The Influence of Painting Theory of the Six Dynasties on Yu Xin’ Early Creation%六朝画论对庾信前期诗歌创作的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊赛梅

    2014-01-01

    Generally speaking, Yu Xin’s early creation didn’t break away from the style of imperial court but refreshingly lucid style could be seen everywhere in his poems. Under the influence of Poets Xiao Gang and Xiao Yi, who advocated to reform writing mode, Yu Xin used painting theory in the Six Dynasties for reference. He successfully combined the painting skill with art principle in his poems and created beautiful and refreshing poetic flavor. His many new art skills and writing methods provided useful reference to the development of poetry creation in the Tang Dynasty.%庾信前期作品,虽说总体上不脱离宫体的窠臼,但清新之作随处可见。在萧氏兄弟力主革新的文风影响下,诗人借鉴六朝绘画理论,把画学的原则和技巧用之于诗,创造出绮丽、清新的诗境,并由此形成了许多新鲜的艺术技巧和手法,为唐代诗歌的发展提供了许多有益的借鉴。

  20. 韩愈《顺宗实录》的史传文学价值%On History Biography Value of "Shun Emperor Cases of Record" by Han Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢志勇

    2011-01-01

    Han Yu applied history-pen to the writing of "Shun cases of Record" with the spirit of the "Record",recording all the corruption cases about people and things of Shun Dynasty.This book Biographies for the crafty and fawning violent person,also for the Tadao Zhijian.Recording of events must be Careful Exceedingly.The whole story will be traced back to the narrative of the issue,and one view,with details of his life."Shun cases of Record",although not fully demonstrating the history only of Han Yu,it's value of historical literature should be affirmed.%韩愈兼善史笔,本"实录"之精神修撰《顺宗实录》,记载顺宗朝种种腐败的人和事,既为奸佞暴戾之人,亦为忠勇直谏之士立传;记事书法,必无所苟;一事之叙,必溯原委;一人之见,具详生平。《顺宗实录》虽没有充分展现韩愈的史才,但其史传文学的价值值得肯定。

  1. Collation on Shen Quanqi’s Yao Tongdu’s Five Passages of Yu Ling%沈佺期《遥同杜五过庾岭》考校

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭殿忱

    2014-01-01

    There were as many as 16 variants in Shen Quanqi ’s poem collection Yao Tongdu ’s Five Pas-sages of Yu Ling. Through a collation with “An Anthology of Tang Poems”, “the entire Tang poem”, the poems titles should be combined into “With Five Other Members Outside the Instance Du Yu Ling”. “Luopu scenery to jaw joint like nothing Chongshan Dan disease unbearable smell” has been regarded as the best; the neck joint word “Kite” is inferior to the word “man”; and the tail stock “Jiangshan”is superior to the word “spring”.%沈佺期《遥同杜五过庾岭》,异文多达16处。经与《唐诗别裁集》、《全唐诗》比勘校释,诗题应合为《遥同杜五员外审言过庾岭》。颔联似以“洛浦风光何所似?崇山瘅疫不堪闻”为佳;颈联出句中“鸢”字不若“人”字;尾联“江山”一词胜于“春风”一词。

  2. Qualitative screening of absorbed indoloquinazoline alkaloids and their metabolites in rat plasma after the oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry with multiple data mining algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Huarong; Geng, Yajing; Liu, Ran; Yuan, Ziyue; Liu, Xujia; Li, Qing; Bi, Kaishun

    2016-08-01

    A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass spectrometry method with multiple data processing algorithms was developed and applied for the metabolite profiling of evodiamine and its analogous alkaloids in rat plasma after the administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction. All samples were purified using hydrophilic-lipophilic balanced solid-phase extraction cartridges and analyzed by a Sciex TripleTOF 5600(+) mass spectrometer with a 35 min liquid chromatography gradient elution. High-resolution full-scan mass spectrometry and information-dependent acquisition tandem mass spectrometry data were analyzed using multiple data processing approaches. The results indicated that the detected eight prototype alkaloids could be metabolized to 58 metabolites through both phase I and phase II reactions. Oxidation was demonstrated to be the principle metabolic pathway of the parent compounds. The study contributes to the understanding of the absorption and metabolism of the alkaloids in Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction and provides a detailed analysis of scientific data. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. Microstructural characterization of the stabilized fluorite phases formed in the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.8) system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Rebollo, E.; Herrero, P.; Rojas, R. M.

    1997-06-01

    The thermal behaviour and stability of the fluorite structure in the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.8) system during ageing have been studied by thermal analysis and X-ray powder diffraction. When the amount of La 3+ incorporated into the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x structure is ≥ 0.6 the complete stabilization of the fluorite phase is achieved. This phase remains stable over the temperature range from room temperature-1400°C even after being submitted to long term give time. For lower amounts of La 3+ a mixture of cubic fluorite and calcium lanthanum diuranate solid solution is obtained on annealing. The microstructural characterization carried out by electron diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals short range order for the high temperature quenched materials. Annealing of the oxides leads to the formation of ordered nanodomains embedded within the fluorite matrix, but no ordered single phase is isolated. A hexagonal cell of a H = 3.8 and c H = 18.8 Å has been deduced for the domains.

  4. Identification of hypertrophy- and heart failure-associated genes by combining in vitro and in vivo models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, Bo; Yu, Hongjuan; Zwartbol, Maarten; Ruifrok, Willem P.; van Gilst, Wiek H.; de Boer, Rudolf A.; Sillje, Herman H. W.

    2012-01-01

    Lu B, Yu H, Zwartbol M, Ruifrok WP, van Gilst WH, de Boer RA, Sillje HHW. Identification of hypertrophy- and heart failure-associated genes by combining in vitro and in vivo models. Physiol Genomics 44: 443-454, 2012. First published February 21, 2012; doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics. 00148.2011.-Heart

  5. 再论杨荫榆与女师大风潮%Rethinking on Yang Yin-yu and Agitation in Peking National Teachers College for Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄岙菲

    2015-01-01

    The great attention to the agitation in Peking National Teachers College for Women is relat-ed to the influence of Lu Xun.Previous investigation regarding the agitation no matter in terms of descrip-tion or comments has been at Lu’s standpoint,but leaving little space for Yang Yin-yu to have a say. While making comments on historical people,it is important to trace back to the historical process and con-sider more the multiple sides and complexity of human nature.Yang was the best choice as the college president given her knowledge and experience.Since the start of the agitation,Yang had been in an oppo-site position to the student autonomy committee of the college.Not until Yang fired six staff of the com-mittee including Xu Guang-ping etc.,out stepped teachers like Lu to support students publically.They portrayed Yang as one who was ignorant and reactionary and the agitation became a focus of the education field.Yang dealt with the agitation in a relatively harsh manner,even leading military police to keep students on campus.This made the students become the advantaged side and Yang had to resign.%杨荫榆与女师大风潮一直能受到特别的关注,与鲁迅本身的影响力有关。以往对此的考察,无论是对事件的描述还是评价,大都只站在鲁迅的立场,而未给杨荫榆一方以同等的发言机会。对历史人物的评价,重要的是回到历史过程中去,更多考虑到人性本身的多面和复杂性。杨荫榆无论在学识、资历、经验都可称得上是担任女校校长的绝佳人选。风潮开始后,杨与女师大学生自治会的对决,一直处于僵持状态。在开除包括许广平在内的六名自治会干事之后,鲁迅等多位教师才站出来公开支持学生,并将杨塑造为不学无术、反动落后的形象,女师大风潮逐渐成为教育界关注焦点。杨为了化解风潮,采取了相对决绝的方式,甚至带领军警入校执行封校命令,使学

  6. Clinical research on treating Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome with the Xiaoke Ping decoction%消渴平汤治疗消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周景妍

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate clinical effects of the Xiaoke Ping decoction on Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome. Methods: 40 patients with Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome were randomly divided to the observation group and the control group, 20 cases for each group. The control group received biguanide sustained-release tablets. The observation group received the Xiaoke Ping decoction. 4 weeks for a course. During the treatment, clinical efficacy in two groups were observed. Results: The clinical symptoms in two groups were improved. The main symptoms, signs, physical and chemical inspection in the observation group were better than that in the control group. The total efficiency in the treatment group was higher. Conclusion: The Xiaoke Ping decoction was effective on Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome, and worthy of promotion.%目的:分析消渴平汤对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证的治疗效果。方法:收集40例消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者,随机分为观察组和对照组,每组各20例。对照组患者使用口服盐酸二甲双胍缓释片进行治疗,观察组患者口服消渴平汤进行治疗,4周为一个疗程,在治疗过程中观察患者的治疗效果。结果:两组患者的临床症状均有好转,但是观察组患者在主要症状、患者体征以及理化检查方面比对照组患者明显要好,同时观察组患者的总有效率也明显比对照组患者要高。结论:在对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者治疗的过程中,使用消渴平汤能够更好的对患者进行治疗,同时治疗效果以及治疗总有效率也明显比使用传统盐酸二甲双胍缓释片进行治疗的患者高,在实际对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者治疗的过程中值得推广应用。

  7. 基于二项检验的庾信五言诗篇调四声研究%On the Tonal Pattern of Yu Xin's Pentasyllabic Poems Based on Binomial Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雯静

    2015-01-01

    This article divides Yu Xin's pentasyllabic -poems into 16 categories according to how many lines are there in one poem.All the calculation methods and approximate methods of the Binomial Test are used in this article.When observed the different -tone -positions within one five -character -sentence throughout one poem, it finds that 2&4 position is the most significant different -tone-position, 3&5 takes the second place.Observed the poem lines, 2&5 position is one of the most important different -tone-positions for Yu Xin; but observed from the whole poem, 2&5 position doesn't show any significance.When creating a penta-syllabic -poem,Yu Xin paid greatest attention to 2&4 position, trying to make the second and the fourth character of every poem line different.He also tended to make the third and fifth character of every poem line different in his long five -character-poems.%文章将庾信五言诗按照句联数划分为16类,运用二项检验的计算方法和近似方法,得出结论:从通篇调四声的角度观察庾信五言诗句内调四声情况,2&4位置是显著性最强的调四声位置,3&5位置次之;从诗句观察,2&5位置是庾信最重视的调四声位置之一,但从诗篇观察则不是;“五言诗通篇在2&4位置调四声”是庾信创作五言诗时最为讲究的一种“格律”;庾信还倾向于使篇幅较长的五言诗的第三字和第五字声调不同。

  8. 余嘉锡《四库提要辨证·神僧传》考证辨析%Yu Jiaxiˊs Textual Criticism and Discrimination on God Monk Biography of Four Abstract Dialectics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    元文广; 靳利翠

    2016-01-01

    余嘉锡所著《四库提要辨证》是对《四库全书总目》研究的重要成果.此书对《四库总目》中的 490余篇提要进行了辨证,提出不少宝贵意见,但也存在一些可以进一步讨论的问题.仅就《四库提要辨证·神僧传》条的考证思路、论据等进行讨论,认为余嘉锡先生从目录学角度讨论《神僧传》的撰者问题,其论述过程不够严谨,所提供论据存在问题,不能直接指向结论,因此,所得结论很难令人信服.从《神僧传》版本源流角度入手,用直接论据使《神僧传》撰者问题更加明确、所得结论《神僧传》为明成祖所撰集更具说服力.%Four Abstract Dialecticswritten by Yu Jiaxi is one important result of the research on 〞Four Abstract Dialectics〞. In this book,Yu made dialectical research on490 articles in General Catalogue of Si Ku QuanShu,presenting some valuable suggestions. However,there are some problems which need further discus-sion . The dialectical thought train and grounds of argument for God Monk Biography of Four Abstract Dialectics are one example that needs further discussion. Since he studied the author from the angle of its catalogue,Yuˊs argument process of Biography of God Monk was not precise,and grounds of argument he offered could not reach the conclusion,so his conclusion was unconvincing. If the study starts with the version source of Biogra-phy of God Monk,makes the author of God Monk Biography more clear with direct grounds,and thus reach a more persuasive conclusion that Biography of God Monk was written by Emperor Cheng Zu in Ming Dynasty.

  9. 《奎章政要》真伪及虞、揭关系辨析%The Authenticity of Kuizhang Zheng Yao and the Relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱江宁

    2013-01-01

      揭斯著《奎章政要》一书的说法,最早见于元末陶宗仪《辍耕录》“奎章政要”条。根据与揭斯同时的欧阳玄为揭斯写的墓志铭、黄蟳为揭斯写的神道碑可以确定,《奎章政要》是讹窜揭斯的《太平政要》所致。“奎章政要”条的描述逻辑乖谬,基本是杜撰,这与元季人士对虞集、揭斯才华的估定以及对他们的熟稔程度有关。人们以揭斯在《范先生诗序》中所提供的虞集关于“元诗四家”的诗评为导火索,对虞、揭关系的解读逐渐偏离事实,引发出许多讹谬。%The earliest mention of Jie Xisi's writing of the book Kuizhang Zheng Yao(《奎章政要》) can be found in Tao Zong yi's Chuo Geng Lu(《辍耕录》). From Jie's epitaph written by his contem-porary Ouyang Xuan and the inscriptions on his tombstone written by Huang Jin,we can conclude that Kuizhang Zheng Yao was actually Jie's Taiping Zheng Yao(《太平政要》). That is to say,the entry of Jie's Kuizhang Zheng Yao in Chuo Geng Lu was invented by its author Tao Zongyi,which is against the fact and logic. Tao's invention is due to the fact that scholars in the late Yuan Dynasty misinterpreted the talents of and the relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi,which gave rise to many misleading ac-counts in that regard. Their interpretation of the relationship between Yu and Jie is based on the shaky foundation of their misunderstanding of Jie's review of Yu's poems in Fanxiansheng Shi Xu(《范先生诗序》).

  10. MAHDUMKULU’YU ANLAMAK: A. ZEKİ VELİDİ TOGAN ÖRNEĞİ/UNDERSTANDING MAKHTUMGULI: A. ZEKİ VELİDİ TOGAN EXAMPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahir AŞİROV

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tasavvuf meşrepli Türkmen şairi ve düşünürü Mahtumkulu’yu anlamak ve anlatmak, tarihî süreç içinde değişik zamanlarda ayrı ayrı ilim adamları tarafından istenmiştir. Bu bilimsel edim genel olarak iki yönden ele alınabilir. Bunların birincisi sufi şairin şiirlerinin yazmalarının doğru okunup belirlenmesi, diğeri ise anlamlarının bilinmesidir. Bunlar gerçekten de sorgulanması gereken konulardır. Kısacası birincisi anlamlar ya da kavramları oluşturucu kültürel birikimlerin yansıması olan yapıtın veya şiirin yayımlanmasıyla, diğeri ise şairin kelimelere yüklediği anlam ilgilidir. Şaire ait şiirlerin incelenerek yayımlanması şiir külliyatını anlamanın bir yönünü oluşturuyorsa, o günün sosyal – düşünce yapısının bilmek ise diğer tamamlayıcı tarafını oluşturduğu söylenebilir. Bu konu doğru yapıldığında veya anlamlandırıldığında XVIII. yüzyılın Türkmen bilinç ve düşünce yapısını belirlenmesinde olumlu etkisi olacaktır. Bu demektir ki, aklı önemseyen irfan ehlinden olan Türkmenlerin XVIII. yüzyıldaki bilinç ve düşünce yapısını bilmekle olumlu yaklaşım olabilir. Şairin şiirlerinin yayımlanması ve anlamlandırılması veya içeriği konusunda yol gösterici olan, diğer bir ifade ile bunu gerçekleştirmeye canı gönülden çalışan Ahmet Zeki Velidi Togan’ın yazılarını irdeleyerek belirlemeye çalışacağız. Togan’ın kültürel ortam ve olanakları kullanarak kendisinden önce ve zamanesindeki Mahtumkulu’nun şiirlerinin neşri ve şair hakkındaki betimlemeleri eleştirel değerlendirmelerine geniş yer verilecektir ve başvurulacaktır. Bununla beraber Togan Mahtumkulu’nun şiirlerini kapsamlı olarak ilk defa Orenburg’da 1913 senesinde Şura mecmuasının 12.-17. sayılarında yayımlanması ve şairi “Mahtumkulu’nun şiirleri dinî olmakla beraber “meşrep” veya “Ahmed Yesevi” gibi halis tasavvuf

  11. 格理论指导下的《项羽本纪》兼语式%Analysis on Pivotal Structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu under the Guidance of Case Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马王储; 王显志

    2015-01-01

    兼语式是汉语特有的一种结构形式,《项羽本纪》采用大量兼语式式,其文学语言具有很高的艺术价值和研究价值。乔姆斯基提出的普遍语法格理论为兼语式名称、范围、存废问题的研究提供了理论依据。%Pivotal structure is a special kind of sentence structure in Chinese language ,it adapted many piv‐otal sentence structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu ,which is of high aesthetic and re‐search value .The Case theory provides theoretical basis for the discussion of pivotal structure .

  12. Problemas y métodos para la enseñanza del inglés como segunda lengua a los hablantes del mek-a-tel-yu en la provincia de Limón

    OpenAIRE

    Wright M, Fernando

    2006-01-01

    En este estudio presentaré un esbozo descriptivo del inglés criollo conocido como mek-a-tél-yu (M) que se habla en la provincia de Limón. Mencionaré algunos de los obstáculos que el hablante de esta lengua encuentra en el aprendizaje del inglés normativo que se enseña a nivel de secundaria en Costa Rica y sugeriré métodos y técnicas que el educador podría implementar para mejorar la enseñanza del inglés. 

  13. 降成本增效益在峪耳崖矿业公司的应用%Application of decreasing cost and increasing benefit principle in Yu'erya mining company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范秀凤; 张晓春

    2013-01-01

    成本管理是企业管理的重中之重。加强基础管理,千方百计降低成本成了矿业公司内部完成利润指标的法宝。阐述了峪耳崖矿业公司近几年的成本管理体系和标准化成本管理的基本思路,提出生产成本控制措施。%Cost management is the vital part of the overall management of an enterprise .Enhancing basic manage-ment and lowering costs has become the key for companies to fulfill internally expected profits .The paper states funda-mental ideas Yu'erya company adopts for cost management system and normalizing its cost management ,and put for-ward measures to control production costs .

  14. 情结与指向:郁达夫小说的现代性内蕴%Complex and Intention:Modern Connotations of Yu Dafu’s Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓在艳; 聂和平

    2015-01-01

    Lonely wandering is Yu Dafu’s wanderer attitude and he also gives the same attitude to the heroes in his works. The journey of“He”,“She”and“Y man”to Japan in The Fall is just closely connected with the lonely wandering. In the emotion tone of his works, his national dream and yardstick of females as leads weave an existence land:co-living between wandering and loneliness, coexistence between soothing and vacillation. The paper studies Yu Dafu’s wandering and end-result, soothing and vacillation through analyzing parts of his works to proifle their modern connotations.%孤独的漂泊是郁达夫的行者姿态,同时也将这种姿态赋予其作品中的主人公。《沉论》中“他”“伊人”“丫君”的东洋之行正与这种郁式特有的行者姿态紧密相连。在其作品的情绪基调中,郁达夫式的民族梦想和衡量女性的尺度作为引子缀起了其作品主人公的生存之境——飘零与孤独共生、游移与渴望并存。文章将以郁达夫的部分作品来探视郁达式的飘零与归宿、寄情与游移,从而分析、探讨并彰显其现代性内蕴。

  15. Cloning and Sequencing of glnB and glnZ Genes from Azospirillum brasilense%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因和glnZ基因的克隆和序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈三凤; 杨红; 王娟; 李季伦

    2000-01-01

    glnB基因编码的PII蛋白在巴西固氮螺菌的固氮过程中起着非常重要的调控作用,而glnZ是与glnB高度同源的基因,其产物 Pz可能也在固氮调控中起作用.本研究用PCR法克隆了巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因和glnZ基因.DNA序列分析表明glnB和glnZ这2个基因的编码区的长度都为336 bp,编码112个氨基酸.将巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 菌株与标准菌株Sp7的glnB基因和glnZ基因分别进行比较,结果表明这2个菌株的glnB基因在编码区的核苷酸顺序完全相同,而glnZ基因在长336 bp的编码区内有4个碱基发生变化,但改变后都是同义密码子,即编码的氨基酸并未改变.glnB基因和glnZ基因在核苷酸顺序上的同源性高达73.2%,氨基酸顺序的同源性达66.7%.

  16. The Position of Dong Yu Zheng Gui in the History of Japanese Education in China%《东语正规》在中国日语教育史上的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲜明

    2011-01-01

    《东语正规》是中国日语教育史上具有划时代意义的一部教材。与此前中国人编写的日语教材仅仅收录日语单词和日常用语相比,《东语正规》详细讲解了日语的语音和语法,对日语的品词进行了细致的划分,标志着中国人的日语学习开始逐渐走向科学和系统。从该书使用的语言学术语来看,该书既参考了当时日语语法书的术语,也借鉴并使用了中国传统语言学的术语来解释相关日语语言现象。%Dong Yu Zheng Gui was an epoch-making textbook in the history of Japanese education in China. Compared with the former Japanese textbook composed by Chinese authors, Dong Yu Zheng Gui gave a detailed description of the phonetics and grammar of Japanese and explained the parts of speech in Japanese in great detail to the Chinese, which indicates that the Chinese had begun to learn Japanese in a scientific and systematic way. From the perspective of the linguistic terminologies in this textbook, we can discover that not only the terminologies in Japanese grammar books at that time but also the terminologies of traditional Chinese were used to explain some linguistic phenomena in Japanese.

  17. Adiabatic density perturbations in a cosmological model with massive neutrinos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaroszynski, M.

    Lifshitz (1946) has investigated the gravitational instability of a Friedmann Universe model. He treated the matter content of the universe as a single perfect fluid. In other studies, a two fluid approach was used to represent neutrinos and other kinds of matter separately. A distribution function was used by Peebles and Yu (1970), and also by Silk and Wilson (1980) to describe photons of the black-body background during and after the recombination of the primeval plasma. The approach used in the present investigation is similar, except for two differences. No collisional term is used in the kinetic equation, and massive particles are considered. A detailed description is provided of the method used to investigate the gravitational instability of a cosmological model with massive neutrinos. It is pointed out that the obtained results are preliminary. The final spectrum of perturbations is similar to those of Peebles and Yu (1970), and Wilson and Silk (1981).

  18. Cloning and Sequencing of glnZ and the other Genes Clustered Around glnZ from Azospirillum brasilense Yu62%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnZ基因及其相邻基因的克隆和序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈三凤; 杨红; 李季伦

    2001-01-01

    通过原位杂交从巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)Yu62的基因组文库中获得glnZ基因的阳性克隆,对该阳性克隆进行亚克隆和序列分析,结果表明glnZ基因位于3.7 kb的SaLI片段上。glnZ基因编码区长336 bp,编码的产物是Pz蛋白,由112个氨基酸组成,分子量为1.12 kD。用Blastax 软件对Pz蛋白的氨基酸序列在GenBank数据库中进行同源比较,结果表明Pz蛋白与其它几种固氮菌及大肠杆菌的GlnK蛋白的同源性(identities)达66%以上;与 PII蛋白的同源性达64%以上。glnZ基因上游是部分ubiH-like 基因,与E.coli ubiH基因 (编码辅酶Q,ubiquinone)N-端有31%的同源性(identity)和50%相似性(similarity);glnZ基因下游是aat-like基因,与E.coli和 Bacillus subtilis aat基因(编码天冬氨酸氨基转移酶, aspartate aminotransferase)有同源性和相似性都为26% 和42%;aat-like基因下游是部分ftsK-like基因,与E.coli ftsK基因 (编码肽聚糖, peptidoglycan)N-端有42%同源性和56%相似性。这几个基因在GenBank中的登录号是AF279917。%The glnZ gene of A.brasilense was determined in a 3.7 kb SalI fragment,and ubiH-like,aat-like and ftsK-like genes were clustered around glnZ.A partial ubiH-like gene(required for ubiquinone synthesis)precedes glnZ and is transcribed from the opposite strand.The ubiH-likegene of A.brasilense has 31% identitiy and 50% similarity with ubiH gene of E.coli.The aat(aspartate aminotransferase)-like and ftsK(involved in peptidoglycan synthesis during cell septation )-like genes were found clustered downstream of glnZ.The aat-like gene of A.brasilense has 26% identity and 42% similarity with aat gene of E.coli. The ftsK-like gene of A.brasilense has 42% identity and 56% similarity with ftsKgene of E.coli.The glnZ gene encodes 112 amino acid-long Pz polypeptide, maping between positions 1057~1395bp.The amino acid sequence of Pz from A.brasilense is more than 66% identical to that

  19. 玉屏风颗粒治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效观察%Clinical effects of Yu Pingfeng granule in the treatment of allergic rhinitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗懿明; 易伟民

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察玉屏风颗粒联合西药治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效。方法:将64例过敏性鼻炎患者随机分为对照组和观察组,每组各32例,两组患者均以西药进行抗过敏治疗,观察组在此治疗基础上加用中药复方制剂玉屏风散颗粒进行治疗,并比较两组患者喷嚏、流涕、鼻塞、鼻痒等临床症状改善时间及治疗2个月后的复发率。结果:观察组患者喷嚏、流涕、鼻塞、鼻痒等临床症状改善时间显著短于对照组,且治疗2个月后的复发率显著低于对照组,差异显著,均具有统计学意义( P﹤0.05)。结论:玉屏风颗粒联合西药治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效显著,值得临床上推广应用。%Objective To observe the clinical effect of Yu Pingfeng granule combined with western medicine in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Method 64 cases of patients with allergic rhinitis were randomly divided into control group and observation group,32 cases in each group,the patients of two groups were treated with western medicine of anti allergy treatment,on the basis of this,the patients of the observa-tion group were treated with Yu Pingfeng granule,and the improvement time of the clinical symptoms such of sneezing,runny nose,nasal con-gestion,nasal itching of patients in the two groups were compared,the recurrence rate were compared after 2 months of treatment. Results In the observation group,sneezing,runny nose,nasal congestion,nasal itching and other symptoms improved time was significantly shorter than that in control group after 2 months of treatment,and the recurrence rate was significantly lower than the control group,the difference was sig-nificant,the differences were statistically significant(P﹤0. 05). Conclusion The curative effect of Yu Pingfeng granule combined with west-ern medicine in the treatment of allergic rhinitis is significant,which was of clinical application.

  20. 养阴逐瘀汤联合西医常规治疗喉白斑病50例%Treatment for 50 Cases of Laryngeal Leukoplakia with YangYin ZhuYuTang and Conventional Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师秀平

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore clinical effects of YangYin ZhuYuTang, western medicine and surgery in treating laryngeal leukoplakia. Method: One hundred patients were randomized into two groups on average. Operation was performed after anesthesia of nasal surface and the patients of both groups were banned from smoking and drinking, administered with ultrasonic atomizing inhalation, once each time, 60 mg/1mL of gentamycin sulfate injection and 5 mg of dexamthasone each time. Observation group received YangYin ZhuYuTang based on the treatment given to control group, one dose per day, taking after breakfast and supper. One session was one month and both groups were treated for two consecutive sessions. Result: Cure rate and total effective rate of observation groups were 84.00% and 98.00%, superior to 70.00% and 88.00% of control group with notable differences (P<0.05). No adverse reaction or complication occurred in both groups. Conclusion: YangYin ZhuYuTang combined with western medicine and surgery can obtain better clinical effects in treating laryngeal leukoplakia without adverse reaction.%目的:观察养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病的临床疗效.方法:将100 例喉白班病患者随机分为2 组,每组50 例.对照组采用鼻腔表面麻醉后进行手术,术后禁烟酒,给予患者超声雾化吸入,1 次/d,每次庆大霉素6 万单位,地塞米松5 mg.观察组在对照组治疗的基础上给予中药养阴逐瘀汤,1 剂/d,早、晚饭后服用.2 组均以1个月为1 个疗程,连续治疗2 个疗程.结果:观察组痊愈率为84.00%,总有效率为98.00%;对照组痊愈率为70.00%,总有效率为88.00%,2 组相比有统计学差异(P<0.05).2 组均未出现或发生不良反应及并发症.结论:养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病临床疗效好,无不良反应.

  1. Influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of COPD patients%清金逐瘀方离子导入对COPD患者呼吸功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭义娟; 赵晓霞; 秦玉玲; 黄立强

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe the influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods:120 cases of COPD patients were selected from February 2011 to February 2013.According to random number table method,the patients were divided into the experimental group and the control group with 60 cases in each.The control group was given conventional western medicine treatment,and the experimental group was given Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the basis of conventional western medicine treatment.After treatment for two weeks, the lung function of patients were compared,such as forced expiratory vital capacity(FVC),forced expiratory volume in 1 second(FEV1),FEV1/predicted value(FEV1%),blood gas analysis index(arterial blood oxygen partial pressure PaO2,carbon dioxide pressure PaCO2).Results:After treatment for two weeks,the lung functions of two groups were all significantly improved.FVC,FEV1, FEV1% of the experimental group improved more significantly than those of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:On the basis of conventional western medicine treatment,adding Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis can significantly improve lung function in COPD patients,reduce inflammation,and obtain apparent curative effect.%目的:观察清金逐瘀方离子导入对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者呼吸功能的影响。方法:2011年2月-2013年2月收治COPD患者120例,按随机数字表法分为试验组和对照组,每组60例。对照组给予常规西医治疗,试验组在常规西医治疗的基础上予以清金逐瘀方离子导入,治疗2周后对比两组肺功能,即用力呼气肺活量(FVC)、1 s用力呼气容积(FEV1)、FEV1/预计值(FEV1%),血气分析指标(动脉血氧分压 PaO2、二氧化碳分压 PaCO2)。结果:治疗2周后,两组患者肺功能均有显著改善,其中试验组 FVC、FEV1、FEV1%

  2. MOOCs建设的实践与未来--访香港大学MOOCs执行主席郭予光教授%The Practice and Future of MOOCs:An lnterview with Prof. Ricky Yu-Kwong KWOK from the University of Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟; 蓝敏; 魏志慧

    2015-01-01

    practices and researches are fashionable in theworld. Ithas increasingly become the buzzword of classroom reform. However,many issues are concerned by researchers from the institutions of higher educa-tion, such as how to make high quality MOOCs, how to promote the innovation and sharing of MOOCs, and how to sustain the development of MOOCs. Yu-Kwong KWOK is a famous professor in the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at the Uni-versity of Hong Kong, and meanwhile, he is Associate Vice-President and the head of working group of HKU MOOCs. His research interest is on large-scale distributed computer system, radio system and network security. His re-sponsibility is organizing HKU MOOCs systematically. Specifically, his jobs mainly focus on curriculum development, technology processing, propaganda, management, scheduling and publication and so on. He used to give a report at edX global conference on behalf of HKU. He is the Editor in chief of Parallel and Distributed Computing, and Associ-ate Editor-in-chief of IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, and Editorial board member in Sensor Networks. He published over 170 papers, and more than 20 books. As a visiting scholar of HKU,the first author has a deep communication with professor Yu-Kwong KWOK on MOOCs. During the visiting period, professor Yu-Kwong KWOK introduced some work on HKU MOOCs to us for a few times, and we Listened some lectures on MOOCs work reports from experts of other universities. This study focuses on the practicing experience, sharing and innovation, oper-ating mechanism and existing problems, and sustainable development on the construction of HKU MOOCs. The reasons why we choose HKU MOOCs as the research object are as follows. Firstly, HKU ranked first in Asian university rankings that published for the first time in international higher education research institutions QS, which means it has high academic level. Secondly, the international education model provides an

  3. 李渔观看术:多角色的“喜剧”与跨文体的“创造”*--以韩南《创造李渔》为中心%Ways of Viewing Li Yu:‘Comedies’of Multiple Characters and the‘Invention’of Trans-Genres:On Patrick Hanan’s The Invention of Li Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲楠

    2015-01-01

    As a renowned scholar in the field of sinology overseas of literature in the Ming and Qing dynasties, Patrick Hanan, as early as the 1980s, published his book, The Invention of Li Yu, an‘Oriental micro-type’of a book that demonstrates his own theory. Based on that, this article explores the functional signified in the concept of‘comedy’in Hanan’s writin g system, his‘invention’of the concrete strategies executed by Li Yu, the patterned purification of‘sexual texts’in literature, the use of‘inversion’as a vehicle for the cognizance of literary phenomena, the observation and deduction based on such character frames as‘the narrator’and‘sponsor’and the practice of the theoretical view of‘trans-genre’. In fact, Hanan’s is the typical mechanism through which the Orient is viewed in the world of sinology as he has deliberately chosen Li Yu, a Chinese man of letters, as his case to write about and has actively introduced the critical discourse of Western theory. It is only by using a specific theory or perspective as an incision for entry that time, space and cultural differences can be transcended with possible discoveries. Here, the‘telescope’, that inspired Hanan with Li Yu’s fiction and that concerned him, and its principle serve as a behavioral metaphor. What makes Hanan more a forward thinker than otherwise is the fact that he has lifted Li Yu out of phenomenology to the level of methodology and, further, is using him as a mirror image in his literary research for reference, creating an equal and interactive posture of dialogue between Hanan and Li Yu.%作为海外汉学界颇负盛名的中国明清文学研究者,韩南早在20世纪80年代,便推出了彰显个人理论基色的“东方微观型”著作《创造李渔》。本文以此为中心,重点探讨了韩南书写体系中“喜剧”概念的功能性所指,以及“创造”李渔所施行的具体策略:文学中“性文本”的模式化提炼,

  4. Analysis the monitoring results of endemic fluorosis by lowering fluoride in drinking water in Yu County Hebei province%河北省蔚县地方性氟中毒改水降氟监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵秀平; 王志祥; 郝冬梅; 韩国毅; 杨富花

    2012-01-01

    目的 掌握河北省蔚县地方性氟中毒病区的改水现状及防治措施、控制效果.方法 选取蔚县55个病区村,对8~12岁儿童氟斑牙患病率及改水设施运行情况进行调查.儿童氟斑牙检查采用Dean氏法,水氟含量检测采用氟离子选择电极法.结果 正常使用的改水工程为29个,受益人口达56 751人,管网末梢水氟含量均值为0.80mg/L,范围为0.2~2.1mg/L.氟斑牙患病率为15.92%,氟斑牙指数为0.27.结论 蔚县地氟病防治取得较好效果,但病区改水降氟的防病措施尚须加强.%Objective To master the drinking water defluoridation current state, preventive measures and control effects in endemic fluorosis areas of Yu County Hebei province. Method Selected 55 endemic villages and investigated the dental fluorosis prevalence rate of 8 to 12 old children and the operation status of drinking water defluoridation facilities. Children's dental fluorosis was examined by Deans, fluoride content in drinking water was determined by fluorion selective electrodes. Results Total of 56 751 people were profited from 29 drinking water defluoridation projects. The average value of fluorides content in water of end pipe network was 0. 80mg/ L (0. 2 ~2. Lmg/L) . The dental fluorosis prevalence rate was 15. 92% and dental fluorosis index was 0. 27. Conclusions Endemic fluorosis prevention and control work received good effect in Yu County, but we still need to improve the drinking water defluoridation projects in endemic areas.

  5. Analysis on the Status and Dynamic Changes of Forest Resources in Yu'an District,Lu'an City%六安市裕安区森林资源现状与动态变化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王升堂; 陈传胜; 黄敏; 倪建华

    2015-01-01

    利用裕安区2004年与2013年森林资源二类调查数据,分析了森林资源现状特点及十年间的变化。结果表明:全区林地比重较高,占土地总面积的36.31%,林地主要分布在南部低山和中部丘陵岗地地区,北部平原区相对较少;林种、龄组结构比较合理,树种结构有所改善。2004~2013年10年间林地面积、活立木蓄积、森林覆盖率和林木绿化率均实现了增长。裕安区实施生态公益林建设工程、森林增长工程、森林长廊工程取得显著成效,使森林资源快速增长,生态环境安全得到改善。%This paper analyzed the percent characteristics and developing changes of forest resources in Yu'an district according to the 2nd‐class inventory data of years in 2004 and 2013 .The results showed that percentage of the region's forest land was higher , accounting for 36 .31% of the total land area .The distribution of forest land was uneven .Forest land mainly distributed in low mountains located in the south and hilly region in the middle part .Forest resources were poor in the northern plain .The forest categories and age structure of forest were more reasonable and plant species slightly improved .The woodland area ,forest volume of stumpages ,the percentage of forest cover and greening rate achieved growth during 2004‐2013 .There was a rapid growth of forest resources and environmental security was significantly improved in Yu'an district with the implementation of ecological forest construction ,forest grow th projects ,forest corridor project .

  6. Rose with Thrones: On the allegorical features of Yu Hua's novel%带刺的玫瑰——论余华小说的寓言性特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高永忠

    2012-01-01

    作为先锋派的代表作家,余华以其特殊的审美视角和写作风格给文坛带来一股强烈的冲击波。他的小说不以故事的曲折见长,而是以内蕴的丰厚别具一格。他的小说运用了寓言以此喻彼的思维模式和夸张、讽喻、变形、荒诞等寓言的写作手法,才使其能在先锋派诸多优秀作家中脱颖而出,尤其在20世纪90年代引起了评论界的广泛关注,在读者中也是好评如潮。从寓言化的角度来观照余华的小说创作,分析他的小说与寓言之间千丝万缕的联系,以此为突破口,找到一个新的理解余华小说的视域。%Yu Hua, the representative of the avant-garde writers, has brought the literary world a strong shock by his unique aesthetic view and writing style. Rather than stories with good twists and turns, he wrote novels with rich connotation in a style of his own. It is believed that the writer is good at applying fables in his fiction with such writin deformation and absurdity, which enable him to stan g d techniques as hyperbole, metaphor, allegory, out among the excellent avant-garde writers. Especially in the 1990 his novels aroused wide concern of critics and readers as well. This paper aims to study Yu Hua's novel writing from the allegorical his novels and the fables there are to find perspective and analyze the relationship between a better appreciation of the writer and his novels.

  7. Content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid by HPLC-ELSD%HPLC-ELSD法测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙琦; 仲崇琳; 杨美林

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To develop a method for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.Methods:High performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light-scattering detector method was used.The chromatographic column was octadecylsilane chemically bonded silica as the filler,the moving phase was methanol-water(25:75),the flow velocity was 1ml one minute,the column temperature was 30℃.The drift tube temperature of evaporative light-scattering detector was 105℃,air or nitrogen was as the atomizing gas,its flow velocity was 3.0L one minute.Results:The incoming sample amount of amygdalin was 0.856~4.28 μ g,the natural logarithm of peak area and the natural logarithm of incoming sample amount had good linear relationship(r=0.9995),the average recovery was 99.06% ,RSD=1.39(n=6).Conclusion:This method is sensitive,accurate,can be used for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.%目的:建立测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量的方法。方法:采用高效液相色谱-蒸发光散射检测器法。色谱柱为十八烷基硅烷键合硅胶为填充剂,流动相为甲醇-水(25:75),流速控制在1ml/分,柱温控制在30℃;蒸发光散射检测器的漂移管温度控制105℃,空气或氮气作为其中的雾化气体,其流速控制在3.0L/分。结果:苦杏仁苷的进样量0.856~4.28μg,其峰面积的自然对数与进样量的自然对数具有良好的线性关系(r=0.9995),平均回收率99.06%,RSD=1.39(n=6)。结论:该方法灵敏、准确,可用于血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量测定。

  8. A New Book on the Law System of the Golden Horde: Pochekaev R.Yu. Legal Culture of the Golden Horde (Historical and Legal Essays (Moscow: Yurlitinform, 2015. 312 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.V. Nefedov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This book is a study at the intersection of such academic disciplines as general history, history of state and law and source study. The subcect of R.Yu. Pochevalev’s book appears very relevant since the interest of the scientific community and readership toward the Golden Horde and its role in the history of the Russian state remains traditionally high for several centuries. However, the author is trying to take a fresh look at this state and refute the stereotype of the Golden Horde as a some kind of bunch of nomads who lived only by plundering neighboring sedentary peoples. He succeeds in this by studying such an important part of the Golden Horde history as its law and legal culture. The book examines a number of questions on the history of state and law of the Golden Horde, which have not previously been the subject of a special study (for example, possessions of the Golden Horde in other uluses, dualism of power in different states, relations between authorities and traders, etc.. On some other issues that have already been studied by experts, he proposes new interpretations in the framework of historical and legal approach (for example, the causes of intestine strife in the Golden Horde in the mid-14th century, yarliks of the Golden Horde khans granted to the Russian Chruch, relations of the Golden Horde rulers and Italian colonies in the Northern Black Sea region. The author examines to a great extent the themes of state and legal regulation of economic relations: status of merchants in the Golden Horde and post-Golden Horde states, role of economic sanctions in the resolution of political conflicts. In other essays contained in the book, the author also emphasizes the role of the economic component of the political and legal relations. For example, R.Yu. Pochekaev convincingly shows that relations of the Golden Horde with other states of the Mongol Empire was based on the principle of mutual provision of possessions to the rulers of

  9. Attention to Difficult Growth of Children——On the Images of Children in Cries in the Drizzle by Yu Hua%关注儿童的艰难成长——论余华小说《在细雨中呼喊》的儿童形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕思睿

    2012-01-01

    Yu Hua presents children of several images lonely,treacherous and melancholy in the novel of Cries in the Drizzle.Yu describes their difficult growth always with blood,violence and death,which is resistent to the oppression of the adult world,with violence against violence.Concern with the fate of children is the concern with the fate of adult.%余华的长篇小说《在细雨中呼喊》中有几类儿童形象,或孤独或叛逆或忧郁。余华以一贯的血腥、死亡、暴力描述了这些儿童艰难的成长,其实是以此反抗成人世界的压迫,以暴力反对暴力。关注儿童的命运,也是关注成人的命运。

  10. 血浆氨基酸代谢变化与肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证的相关性研究%Relevant research on plasma amino acid profiling of cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巴吐尔·买买提明; 娜孜古力·托合塔森; 孔彬; 陈音; 尤丽; 哈木拉提·吾甫尔

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate metabolic signatures in plasma of cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu syndrome using plasma-free amino acid profiles,and identify the underlying mechanism of ShenXu-TanYu syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine.Methods Case group were selected from 80 cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu or 78 non ShenXu-TanYu)and 50 cases from healthy volunteers were selected as control group,plasma samples were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Spectral profiles were subjected to Student′s t-tests to assess statistical significance.Results Compared with the healthy group,the levels of amino acids decreased significantly in plasma of patients with ShenXu-TanYu and non ShenXu-TanYu syndrome except cystine in patients with ShenXu-TanYu (all P 0.05).Conclusion Plasma-free amino acid profiling could potentially assist in under-standing and determining ShenXu-TanYu in traditional Chinese medicine.A HPLC-based metabonomic platform could be a powerful tool for the classification of different symptoms in traditional medicine.%目的:探讨肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中相关的氨基酸代谢变化及其机制。方法选取健康志愿者50例、肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者80例和肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者78例。采用高效液相色谱法(High-Performance Liquid Chromatography,HPLC)检测血浆中17种氨基酸含量,分析各组不同氨基酸含量的差异性。结果健康志愿者与肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中将胱氨酸含量没有差异以外,肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证和肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中其他所有氨基酸含量均明显降低,与健康志愿者比较差异有统计学意义,(P <0.05)。肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中天冬氨酸、谷氨酸、丝氨酸、胱氨酸、苯丙氨酸、缬氨酸、蛋氨酸、赖氨酸、异亮氨酸、亮氨酸和酪氨酸11种氨基酸含量均高于肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者,差异有统计学意义,(P <0.05)。

  11. The Summary of Professor Yu Juan's Experience of Massage for Infantile Anorexia%于娟教授推拿治疗小儿厌食症经验总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡可燕; 于娟; 刘明; 任艳; 王莉; 霍晶晶

    2015-01-01

    Infantile anorexia is a clinical common disease, the growing development may even be affected in serious cases. Professor Yu Juan, as a few of domestic doctoral tutors that engages in infantile massage studies, has unique understanding on treating infantile anorexia by massage. This ar-ticle would try to summarize tutor's experience of massage for infantile anorexia, in order to provide some references for clincial practice.%小儿厌食症是临床常见病,严重者会影响小儿的生长发育。于娟教授作为国内为数不多的专业从事小儿推拿研究工作的博士研究生导师,对推拿治疗此病有独特认识。本文试将导师推拿治疗小儿厌食症的经验进行总结,以供临床参考。

  12. 新峪矿综放工作面注氮气泡沫防灭火技术应用%Application of fire fighting technology of nitrogen foam injection on fully mechanized coal face in Xin Yu mine coal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙红俊; 陈军伟; 康怀宇

    2011-01-01

    氮气防灭火技术是防治煤层内因火灾的有效技术措施之一,但氮气轻,易流失,本文针对新峪矿5110综放工作面的实际情况,采用了氮气泡沫结合的方法进行防灭火,对注氮设备、注氮方式、注氮工艺、进行了详细的阐述,并对防灭火效果进行了深入分析。%Fire fighting technology of nitrogen injection is one of the most effective technical measures in preventing coal seam fire.However,nitrogen is light and loses easily.Regarding the practical situation on 5110 fully mechanized coal face of Xin Yu mine coal,this thesis analyzes the combination of nitrogen and foam for firefighting technology.It elaborates the nitrogen produce equipment,nitrogen injection way,and nitrogen injection technology.Furthermore,it analyzes the fire control results in details.

  13. 刘宇教授中医药治疗运动神经元病经验%Experience of Prof. LIU Yu for treating motor neuron disease inTCM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹静; 武庆花

    2014-01-01

    刘宇教授是山东省济南市中医医院主任中医师、教授、硕士生导师,原山东省卫生厅副厅长、毛主席保健专家刘惠民先生的嫡孙。在中医学众多领域都有很高深的造诣,尤善治疗疑难杂病。在治疗运动神经元病时强调补益肝肾、调理脾胃,取得较好疗效。%Professor LIU Yu is the director phsician, Professor and master advisor in TCM hospital of Jinan city of Shandong province. He has a very profound attainment in many fields of TCM, especially good at treating difficult diseases. In the treatment of motor neuron disease, the treatment of supplementing liver and kidney, regulating Pi and Wei, had achieved great successes.

  14. 爱情碎片中映出的时代图景——读于晓威长篇小说《我在你身边》%Yu Xiaowei' s Novel I Am with You Interpreted

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石杰

    2012-01-01

    The novel I Am with You by Yu Xiaowei is about a young couple' s love story from the very beginning to the end of their life. As mirrored in the novel, the modemized society makes obsolete the universally ac- cepted beliefs in morality, stability and personality; while the so-called new code of life like flexibility or versatility does not necessarily make people happy. What may the future bring for human beings? In the novel, a genuine and profound introspection is made on the complexity of actual life as well as the conflict and confusion of human beings.%于晓威的长篇小说《我在你身边》写的是一对青年男女的爱情故事,写爱情的从有到无、从生到死。现代化社会使道德与约束、坚守与稳定、人格与自我等一贯为我们所认可的范畴变得陈旧、过时,而完全的灵活、变通等所谓新的生活准则也并未能使人走上幸福之路。人何去何从?小说对现实生活的复杂和人的矛盾困惑进行了真实、深刻的反思。

  15. 郁达夫对日本文化和日本国民性的认识%Yu Dafu's Recognition of Japanese Culture and Japanese National Character

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许宪国

    2012-01-01

    Yu Dafu's recognition of Japanese culture and Japanese national character from the early favor of Japanese culture and sad telling about weak people to rational evaluation of Japanese culture and Japanese national character in 1930s includs a tangle of love and hate feelings. He takes Japan as a reference to China~s national culture and national characters, and then makes criticism on them, which is just a miniature of the recognition of Japan of the Chinese who studied in Japan in Meiji Taisho Period.%郁达夫对日本文化和日本国民性的认识从早期对日本文化的喜爱和弱国子民的悲哀诉说到20世纪30年代对日本文化和国民性的理性评价,包含着爱与憎的感情纠结。他以日本为镜子参照本民族文化和国民性,进而对之进行批判,这正是明治大正时期留学日本的一代中国人认识日本的缩影。

  16. 从语境顺应理论看《虞美人》的英译%On the Translation of Yu Meiren:From the Perspective of Contextual Adaptation Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱媛媛; 刘娟

    2013-01-01

      In Understanding Pragmatics, Verschueren puts forward that language use is a dynamic process in which various linguistic choices should be made. As a form of language uses, translation is also influenced greatly by the Adaptation Theory. Thus, this paper, from the perspective of the Contextual Adaptation Theory, endeavors to analyze the English versions of Yu Meiren from the mental world, physical world and the social world to find out how these three translations make linguistic choices to adapt to the artistic conception of the text.%  Verschueren在其《语用学新解》中提出,语言使用的过程是一个不断选择语言的过程。翻译活动作为语言使用的一种形式,也受到语言顺应理论很大的影响。本文试图从顺应理论的角度出发,对《虞美人》的英译从心理世界、物理世界和交际世界三个方面进行讨论,分析译文是如何来顺应原文的意境的。

  17. News Events and Meaning of Novel Text---A case study of Yu Hua′s "The Seventh Day"%新闻事件与小说文本的意义∗--以余华的《第七天》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婧磊

    2015-01-01

    余华的新作《第七天》,是一部可以被当作新闻阅读的小说文本。新闻事件经想象与虚构在小说文本中的运用既能体现出其现实价值,也反映出余华创作观念与方法上的一些变化。《第七天》里新闻事件与小说文本分别采用的官方报道与民间叙事立场的不同与对比,则是余华审视现实社会的一种独特探索方式。不过小说的艺术世界与现实世界的失衡也折射出余华在直面现实时的精神焦灼以及艺术处理的不妥之处。%The Seventh Day, a new book by Yu Hua, is a novel text which can be regarded as a kind of news read-ing. News events, through the application of imagination and fiction in the novel text, can reflect both their real value and some changes of Yu Hua′s creative ideas and methods in his writing. The difference and comparison of the official reports and the folk narration standpoint respectively adopted in news events and the novel text of The Seventh Day is Yu Hua′s u-nique exploring way of surveying the realistic society. But the unbalance between art world and real world also reflects Yu Hua′s mental anxiety when he faces the real world and the inappropriateness in his dealing with art.

  18. From Salvation to Revelry——The Conversion of Violence Depiction about the Cultural Revolution from 1986 and Brothers Written by Yu Hua%由救赎到狂欢——从《一九八六》、《兄弟》看余华关于“文革”暴力叙事的转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓长亮

    2011-01-01

    The violence of the "Cultural Revolution" was the theme that YuHua presented and pondered with strong desire in his novels,and some of them that mattered the violence showed us the Aesthetics of Violence.The exaggeration about the violence essentially reflects the tense relations between the author and the reality.The novels in different times of YuHua showed the way to deal with the tensity.1986,an early works of YuHua and his latest novel Brothers,that showed different opinions about the violence of the "Cultural Revolution".Through the text perusing of the two representative works of YuHua,the article showed us the conversion of violence depiction about the" Cultural Revolution".%"文革"暴力是余华在小说中极力呈现和思考的主题,一些涉及暴力题材的小说显现了"暴力美学"。这种对暴力的极端渲染,其本质原因是作家和现实存在的紧张关系。余华不同时期的小说体现了处理这种紧张的方式,在早期的《一九八六》和近期的《兄弟》中,余华表达了对"文革"暴力不同的看法。这两个具有代表性的文本,反映了余华关于"文革"暴力叙事的变化。

  19. 松郁安神方对REM睡眠剥夺大鼠认知功能及神经递质的影响%Effects of Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang on Learning and Memory Capability and Levels of neurotransmitter in REM Sleep Deprivation Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾雪爱; 黄俊山; 王雅丽

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effects of the compound Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang on learning and memory capability and levels of monamine-neurotransmitter in REM sleep deprivation rats. Methods: The rats were randomly divided into normal group, environment control group, REM sleep deprivation group, Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang treatment group and alprazolam treatment group. Morris water maze was used to measure Learning and memory performance. The levels of NE, DA and 5-HT were determined by HPLC-ECD. Results; Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang improved the learning and memory capability of REM sleep deprivation rats and regulated the levels of NE, DA and 5-HT in plasma. Conclusion: Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang can significantly improve the learning and memory capability in REM sleep deprivation rats, the underlying mechanism may be related to regulate the levels of some neurotransmitters.%目的:研究松郁安神方对REM睡眠剥夺大鼠认知功能及血浆中神经递质的影响.方法:药物治疗5d后水迷宫实验观察大鼠的学习记忆,用高效液相-电化学检测NE、DA、5-HT的含量.结果:中药治疗后大鼠的学习记忆能力较模型组明显改善,NE含量明显降低,DA、5-HT含量明显升高.结论:松郁安神方不仅可改善REM睡眠剥夺大鼠的学习记忆能力,而且可调节大鼠睡眠相关物质NE、DA、5-HT的含量,其学习记忆能力的改变可能与某些神经递质的改变有关.

  20. 20世纪中国文学的异文化观照——从《变形记》与《一九八六年》看卡夫卡对余华的影响%In twentieth Century the Chinese literature from Cultural Perspective --Influence of Kafka's ‘The Metamorphosis' on Yu Hua' s ‘The 1986'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨珊

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the influence of Austrian writer Kafka on Yu Hua who is one of the Chinese vanguard writers in the style of the two novels The Metamorphosis and The 1986. Not only on narrative style, but on the mode of plot, the processing of details and the thought of theme, Yu Hua echoes from afar with Kafka who is the originator of modernist sehool in the 20th century. Such influence en- abled Yu Hua to break through and innovate from the level of both the form and tile thought in his novels. Under the deep influence of Kafka, Yu Hua' s creation, has witnessed space for free expression and no longer gets bogged down in the bondage of reality.%摘要:本文从影响研究的角度,以《变形记》和《一九八六年》两部短篇小说为例,分析奥地利作家卡夫卡对中国先锋作家余华的影响。余华的《一九八六午》在叙事风格、情节模式、细节处理和主题思路方面,均与20世纪现代文学鼻祖卡夫卡遥相呼应。这种影响使余华的写作无论是在形式层面上还是在思想层面上,都有了相当的突破与创新;在卡夫卡的深刻影响下,余华的创作同时有了一个自由表述的空间,而不再拘泥于现实的束缚。

  1. A Discussion of how Emperor Li Yu Was Highly- priced as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ by Wang Guowei%以“沈腰潘鬓”而“担荷罪恶”——王国维如何把李煜推高至“释迦”“基督”的地位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志华

    2012-01-01

    王国维《人间词话》对李煜作品的评价认为,李煜"俨有释迦、基督担荷人类罪恶之意"。对此学界解说纷纭。从王国维的学识背景、哲学思想及文学创作等进行分析可以了解,在对人生的追究与考索方面,王国维与李后主有相似之处,这是把李煜推高至"释迦""基督"的教主地位的原因。%Wang guowei highly priced Li Yu, the emperor of Tang dynasty, as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ in his book Ren Jian Ci Hua. However, there are various reviews and contentions on this comment. From Wang Guowei' s academic background, philosophical thinking and literature writing, it can be concluded that Wang Guowei and Li Yu had some thing in common in life pursuing and exploring, which explains why Wang Guowei highly priced Emperor Li Yu as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ.

  2. Modeling of radial asymmetry in lens distortion facilitated by modern optimization techniques

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Villiers, Johan P

    2010-01-18

    Full Text Available of incorporating an angular component for lens distortion, the Brown/Conrady model was augmented to include a polar angle dependant gain for the radial components as shown in Eq. 1. xu = xd + f( )(xd xc)(K1r 2 +K2r 4 + : : :)+ P1(r 2 + 2(xd xc) 2) + 2P2...(xd xc)(yd yc) (1 + P3r 2 + : : :) yu = yd + f( )(yd yc)(K1r 2 +K2r 4 + : : :)+ 2P1(xd xc)(yd yc) + P2(r 2 + 2(yd yc) 2) (1 + P3r 2 + : : :)) (1) where: (xu; yu) = undistorted image point, (xd; yd) = distorted image point, (xc...

  3. Modeling net primary productivity of terrestrial ecosystems in the semi-arid climate of the Mongolian Plateau using LSWI-based CASA ecosystem model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Gang; Bao, Yuhai; Qin, Zhihao; Xin, Xiaoping; Bao, Yulong; Bayarsaikan, Sainbuyin; Zhou, Yi; Chuntai, Bilegtmandakh

    2016-04-01

    Since the estimate of moisture stress coefficients (MSC) in the current Carnegie-Ames-Stanford-Approach (CASA) model still requires considerable inputs from ground meteorological data and many soil parameters, here we present a modified CASA model by introducing the land-surface water index (LSWI) and scaled precipitation to model the vegetation net primary productivity (NPP) in the arid and semiarid climate of the Mongolian Plateau. The field-observed NPP data and a previously proposed model (the Yu-CASA model) were used to evaluate the performance of our LSWI-based CASA model. The results show that the NPP predicted by both the LSWI-based CASA model and the Yu-CASA model showed good agreement with the observed NPP in the grassland ecosystems in the study area, with coefficients of determination of 0.717 and 0.714, respectively. The LSWI-based CASA model also performed comparably with the Yu-CASA model at both biome and per-pixel scales when keeping other inputs unchanged, with a difference of approximately 16 g C in the growing-season total NPP and an average value of 2.3 g C bias for each month. This indicates that, unlike an earlier method that estimated MSC based entirely on climatic variables or a soil moisture model, the method proposed here simplifies the model structure, reduces the need for ground measurements, and can provide results comparable with those from earlier models. The LSWI-based CASA model is potentially an alternative method for modelling NPP for a wide range of vegetation types in the Mongolian Plateau.

  4. To Touch Absurdity in History and Reality: Philosophical Interpretation to Yu Xiaowei' s Novels%在历史和现实中触摸荒诞——于晓威小说的哲学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石杰

    2012-01-01

    Yu Xiaowei is a novelist with the consciousness of tragedy, whose novels always display his persistent thinking about human, life and destiny. Absurdity is the key word of his works, for it is the cause as well as the conclusion of his creation: he finds the pervasiveness and irresistibility of absurdity while examining both the history and reality. His narration of humans in absurdity highlights the value of life and existence, and reveals the meaning of life instead of expressing tragedy only. Besides, his passion of exploration enables him to extend his art feelers deeply, which shows his sober rationality as a writer.%于晓威是有着悲剧意识的当代小说家,其创作一直体现着对人、人生、人的命运的关注与思考,“荒诞”是其小说创作的核心性词语。他在对历史和现实的双重审视中发现了荒诞的普遍性和不可抗拒性,可以说,荒诞既是他创作的起因,也是他探索的结论。对处于荒诞中的人的叙写凸显出生命、生存的价值,也使得小说避免了单纯的悲感而彰显出人生的意义。探索的激情促使他不断将艺术的触角延伸至生活的深处,表现出一个作家清醒的理性。

  5. 中国近代心理学史上的丁韪良及其《性学举隅》%Ding Weiliang and His Xing Xue Ju Yu in the History of Modern Chinese Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎书昌

    2011-01-01

    传教士丁韪良出于借心理学来传播宗教的目的在1898年出版了,这是融入了许多西方科学心理学知识的中文心理学著作.中国最早开设心理学课程的登州文会馆的两名毕业生在丁韪良撰写过程中进行了笔述工作.丁韪良曾为益智书会撰写心理学教材但未完成,益智书会转而出版了颜永京的(上本).以丁题目及其为纽带,19世纪后半叶中国近代心理学发展进程中的几个重要事件构成了一副较完整的历史图景,反映出中国近代心理学的发展与宗教传播有着密切联系.吸收了当时西方心理学前沿性的生理心理学知识,向中国引介了催眠术和颅相学知识,并对中国的"五官说"、"七情说"进行了修正与补充,同时也借用了汉字的造字法来阐述其部分心理学观点.由于丁韪良向中国传播心理学是其宜传宗教思想的手段之一,而颜永京译述海文原著的更倾向于向中国传播心理学这一学科,强调了心理学与众多学科的联系和应用价值,因此丁韪良在心理学术语创制上的历史功绩要逊于颜永京.颜永京于1882年将psychology翻译为"心才学",这是目前发现心理学学科的最早汉语翻译名称.%Xing Xue Ju Yu 性学举隅 (Introduction to psychology) was written by the American missionary Ding Weiliang (W. A. P. Martin). As one of the earliest books on psychology written in Chinese, it was published in 1898. This book contains three prefaces written by Qing premier Li Hongzhang, Luo Shanzhi and Ding, which was written in a form of question and answer. It contains a brief outline, with fifteen chapters in the first volume named Ling Cai灵才, and fourteen chapters in the second volume named Xin De心德. In this publication on psychology, Ding introduced the state-of-the-art psychological knowledge in the West, largely in the field of physiological psychology, along with some psychological theories, such as hypnotism and

  6. 贾雨村形象特点及其在《红楼梦》文本中的作用%JiaYu-cun's Characteristics and the Role He Plays in the A Dream of Red Mansions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敬侠

    2012-01-01

    Jia Yu-cun is one of the earliest characters appearing in the A Dream of Red Mansions. He was a typical scholar in that age and chose a way which was regarded as an orthodox way of official career. In this text, he was a poor scholar and then became a high-ranking official through taking the imperial examinations, and thus realized his dream of a scholar's ideal. He was one of the successful people in the age, and was considered to be a good example for Baoyu by parents in Jia Mansion. The author leads the readers into the story step by step through the description of his activities. Jia Yucun is a clue character throughout the whole book.%贾雨村是《红楼梦》中最早出现的人物之一,他是那一时代读书人的一个典型,走的是当时被奉为正途的仕途经济的道路。在书中他由一个穷书生通过科举应试做了大官,实现了作为一个读书人的理想追求,是当时社会里的成功人士,被贾府家长看作宝玉学习的样板。作者就是通过他的活动将读者一步步引入红楼故事中,贾雨村是一个贯穿始终的线索式人物。

  7. High performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry with programmed ionization mode switching and time segment scanning approach for quantifying multi-components in traditional complex herbal medicines, Qiong-Yu-Gao as an example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jin-Di; Wu, Jie; Zhou, Shan-Shan; Shen, Hong; Mao, Qian; Zhu, He; Kong, Ming; Li, Song-Lin

    2015-08-10

    An improved high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS) method was developed to quantitatively evaluate the holistic quality of traditional complex herbal medicines (CHMs). Qiong-Yu-Gao (QYG), a classical CHM consisting of Rehmanniae Radix, Poriae and Ginseng Radix, was used as an example. Thirty-eight major components (including six pairs of epimers/isomers) belonging to five chemical types, i.e., iridoid glycosides, phenethylacohol glycosides, furfural derivatives, ginsenosides and triterpenoid acids, were selected as marker compounds. Programmed ionization mode switching and time segment scanning were designed to improve the sensitivity of the MS detection concerning the diverse chemical features of the analytes. The reference compounds of the analytes were individually injected directly into MS to optimize the ionization cone voltage and to select monitoring ion of each analyte. Nine channels with eight time segments were determined for monitoring the thirty-eight analytes, among which six were detected in positive and thirty-two in negative ion modes respectively. Higher signal-to-noise ratios of the analytes were achieved when compared with full time scanning. In addition, the linearity, precision, accuracy and stability of the method were also validated. The established method was applied for the quantitative evaluation of QYG samples prepared with three different methods. Obvious difference in the contents of thirty-eight components, in particular the original ginsenosides, degraded ginsenosides and furfural derivatives, was found among these QYG samples. All these results demonstrated that the established HPLC-ESI-MS with programmed ionization mode switching and time segment scanning approach is very suitable for the standardization investigation of CHMs.

  8. Motivation of the Theory of Studying poetry under the guidance of ideas of Zen Proposed by YanYu%浅析严羽《沧浪诗话》“以禅喻诗”的审美动因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩倩

    2015-01-01

    严羽“以禅喻诗”的提出,在诗歌理论创作上无疑是一面旗帜。进一步说,“以禅喻诗”上升到审美意义层面,其审美意义上的贡献也是毋庸置疑的。审美活动作为人的一种精神上的高层次追求,其审美主体不同,审美需求也会随之不同,审美的心理动因也必然会随之表现出多元化的倾向;反之,即使审美主体相同,表现出的审美心理动因也会不尽相同。旨在从审美心理等方面揭示严羽《沧浪诗话》“以禅喻诗”的审美动因。%Studying poetry under the guidance of ideas of Zen put forward by YanYu, which is undoubtedly a banner in the the-ory of poetry study.Aesthetic activities is a spirit pursuit of the aesthetic subject , the psychological motivation shows a diversified tendency;conversely, even if the same aesthetic subjects may show different psychological motivation.In order to reveal the aes-thetic psychology and other aspects of YanYu’ s CanglangShihua, it is necessary for us to study the theory of Studying poetry under the guidance of ideas of Zen.

  9. Journal of Neijiang Normal University%On ZHANG Zhu-po’s Standards of Comment on Characters in Chin Ping Mei:A Case Study of WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭磊

    2016-01-01

    In ZHANG Zhu-po’s comments on ChinPing Mei,we can find great difference of commenting between WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou.He took WU as a “wicked good person”and poured blames on her;in contrast,he called MENG a “real good person”and believed that she was the proj ection of the writer herself in the novel.This is because that the commentator merged the feeling of his life and the standards of comment on characters in pursuing certain values into his com-ment.These include three aspects:moral standards of wealth and sex,traditional words and deeds of rite and virtue,positio-ning of literati’s self-regarding images and second wives.%张竹坡批评《金瓶梅》中,对吴月娘和孟玉楼的评价有着较大差异:视吴月娘为“奸险好人”,大加贬斥;称孟玉楼为“真正好人”,认为她是作者本人在小说中的投射。原因在于评点者融入自己身世之感与价值追求所建立的人物品评标准。这主要包括三个方面:财与色的道德尺度、礼与贤的传统言行、继室与文人自喻的形象定位。

  10. 余华小说《河边的错误》中的文革叙述分析%Narrative of Cultural Revolution in Yu Hua’s MistakesbytheRiver

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭兴; 张岚

    2015-01-01

    余华早期的作品《河边的错误》是一部反映其文革体验的作品。在历史意蕴层面,《河边的错误》通过小孩和主人公马哲对河边世界的探索来建构文学世界中的文革社会,反映了文革社会的荒谬性。在哲学意识层面,河边世界的疯子被赋予了深刻的意义,暗示着人类永恒的原始生命力和性冲动,以及人类本性中永恒的“恶魔性”因素。作品通过“探索者”和具有历史普遍意义的疯子来反映世界的荒谬性。%Early works of Yu Hua, Mistakes by the River , is a reflection of his experience during the Cultural Revolution. In the implication level of history, through the river exploration of the child and Mazhe in Mistakes by the River, it constructs Cultural Revolution society in literature to reflect its absurdity. In the philosophy level of consciousness, the profound meaning is given to a madman in the river world, suggesting primitive, eternal vitality and sex drive of humans, as well as the eternal human nature:factors of demon. His works reflect the absurdity of the world through the"Explorer"and a madman with a history of general significance.

  11. 从剧场性看曹禺戏剧文体的范式意义%On Paradigmatic Style of Cao Yu's Plays from the Perspective of Theatricality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘家思

    2012-01-01

    Cao Yu creats a kind of dramatic literature that sets the stage performance as its highest goal. He insists that literariness and theatricality should be developed simultaneously and the latter made a pri- ority; as a result, his dramatic texts have not only the literary tension but also theatrical attraction, which can be both read and performed and therefore keep unfailing in the history of Chinese drama. By catering to various tastes and telling bittersweet stories, his poetic plays show a nationalized characteristic of the Chinese drama and set up a paradigm for its development.%曹禺创造了一种以舞台演出为最高目标的戏剧文学。他坚持文学性与剧场性并举,且始终将剧场性放在首位,使戏剧文本既具有文学的张力,又具有剧场的引力,既可读又可演,从而打造了中国现代话剧史上久演不衰的风景。曹禺这种既可读又可演的戏剧,以其雅俗兼备的审美定位、悲喜交织的审美形态、诗化戏剧的审美取向,显示了中国话剧民族化的文体特征,树立了中国话剧的发展范式。

  12. 李煜«浪淘沙.帘外»二元结构研究%A Study On LiYu"Lang Tao Sha.Lian Wai"Binaryopposition structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宋锋

    2015-01-01

    二元对立是结构主义重要的理论基础和批评方式,其源于索绪尔语言学理论的二元对立理论。李煜«浪淘沙。帘外»全词充满了结构主义的二元对立结构形式,词作以历时和共时的二元对立的言语层面,融入了作者强烈的个人情感,以“赤子之真”构建了天上、人间二元对立的艺术世界,展现了雄奇、幽怨的艺术境界,开拓了词的境界。现从结构主义语言学理论的历时和共时的方法对词作进行相应的研究,以彰显其词的内涵。%binary is an important theoretical basis and structuralism criticism way,it is the re-sult of somalia's introduction,linguistics theory,theory of binary opposition.Li yu"LangTaoSha. Lian Wai"the word is full of the binary structure of structuralism,words in the words of binary op-position of diachronic and synchronic level,strong personal feelings into the author,in order to build heaven and earth"nobody really"the art world of dualism,and showed the artistic state of Japan,bit-terness,opens up a word boundary.Now from the diachronic and synchronic structural linguistics theory to research method,therefore,to reveal the connotation of the word.

  13. Professor LIU Yu-xin's Treatment Characteristics Experience on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome%刘宇新教授治疗多囊卵巢综合征治法特点经验总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘欣; 刘宇新

    2012-01-01

    Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a kind of endocrine disorder syndrome including reproductive dysfunction and sugar metabolism disorder. Persistent no ovulation, too much androgen and insulin resistance are the important characteristics. According to different ages, patients were given corresponding treatment, the growth season women were treated to induce ovulation for the final purpose, and for adolescent girls is to restore the hypothalamus-pituitary gland-ovarian function properly and establish regular menstrual cycle. Professor LIU Yu-xin's early treatment on the basis of nourishing kidney, regulating Chong and Ren meridians and promoting ovulation by regulating menstrual cycle, and the curative effect is good.%多囊卵巢综合征是一种生殖功能障碍与糖代谢异常并存的内分泌紊乱综合征.持续性无排卵、雄激素过多和胰岛素抵抗是其重要特征[1].根据年龄阶段不同分别给予相应的治疗,对生育期妇女给予诱发排卵促孕为最终目的,而对于青春期少女则以恢复下丘脑—垂体—卵巢轴正常功能,建立规律月经周期为主.导师刘宇新教授遵循治病求本,及早治疗的基础上,注重补肾、调冲任、调周促排治疗多囊卵巢综合征,疗效良好.

  14. The research program in Dr. Fu-Shin X.Yu' s laboratory@International academic interflow@%于福興實驗室研究計劃

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    1 Molecular regulation of corneal wound healing Rapid healing of the corneal epithelium in response to injury is essential for maintenance of its barrier function. The long-term goal of this project is to obtain basic information about the molecular and cell biology of corneal wound healing. The project will test the hypotheses that amyloid β/A4 precursor-like protein controls serine proteinase activity, mediates cell adhesion, and promotes cell migration during corneal reepithelialization. This study should provide the basis to begin constructing a detailed nap of the molecular pathways and interconnecting networks of proteins functioning in wound repair and to develop therapeutics for treatment of corneal diseases like recurrent erosions and persistent defects of the epithelium.2 Developing an ex vivo model for ocular irritation testThe objective of this project is to develop an ex vivo assay system to predict ocular irritation potential of test chemicals and consumer products. Our hypothesis has been that activation of these transcription factors and disruption of corneal integrity can be used as endpoints/ markers for evaluating ocular toxicity in organ culture. Our goal is to develop a sensitive, efficient, economical and reliable ex vivo model for predicting irritation potential of a chemical or consumer product with mechanistic basis.3 Modulation of epithelial barrier function during corneal infectionThe long-term goal of this project is to understand the mechanisms underlying the induction of the inflammatory reaction and breakdown of the epithelial barrier in the cornea upon infection. We will test the hypothesis that in the cornea TLRs confer responsiveness of HCE cells to pathogens, and PA challenge-induced TLR signaling, through activation of NF-?B and/ or mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), contributes to infection-induced epithelial barrier breakdown. The following studies will be carried out. An understanding of how TLRs transmit signals that

  15. Chuangzaoli xinlixue yu jiechu rencai peiyang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shi, Jiannong; Chen, N.; Du, Xiangyun

    2012-01-01

    The authors emphasize the importance of systemic perspectives for understanding human creativity after briefly introducing and commenting different theories or perspectives on creativity. It is emphasized that the manifestation of creativity or excellent achievement should not be treated as indiv......The authors emphasize the importance of systemic perspectives for understanding human creativity after briefly introducing and commenting different theories or perspectives on creativity. It is emphasized that the manifestation of creativity or excellent achievement should not be treated......, roles of family and social environment on development of creativity and cultivation of excellent talent....

  16. Laule : [luuletused] / Li Yu ; tlk. Jaan Kaplinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Yu, Li

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : "Vahused lained kui kuhjaksid kokku lund..."; "Õhtuks mingitud näo ja ihu valendus..."; "Kirkad lilled, hämus kuu, udu hõljuv loor..."; "Pool kevadet lahkumisest..."; "Sõnatult astun läänekambrisse..."; "metsapuilt on pudenenud kevadevärvid..."; "Vihmasabin kardina taga..."; "Möödunut võib ainult leinata..."; "Öö oli rajune-vihmane...";"Kevadlilled, sügisekuu - kaua veel..."

  17. Selected papers of Yu. I. Manin

    CERN Document Server

    Manin, Yu I

    1996-01-01

    The book is a collection of research and review articles in several areas of modern mathematics and mathematical physics published in the span of three decades. The ICM Kyoto talk "Mathematics as Metaphor" summarises the author's view on mathematics as an outgrowth of natural language.

  18. 余秀华诗歌谱系与疼痛美学--以《诗经》、海子、“梨花体”为参照%The Pedigree of YU Xiu-hua’ s Poems and Her Pain Aesthetics---Taking “The Book of Songs”, Hai Zi,“Lihua Style” as a Reference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云峰; 李俊国

    2015-01-01

    余秀华是新近爆红的诗人,她的诗歌理应纳入一个比较系统的评价体系之中。从互文与弃妇诗传统、意象选择与陌生化以及疼痛与戏仿三个方面分别将她的诗歌放在《诗经》、海子,以及与之同时而稍早的“梨花体”诗歌系统中,看她的诗对《诗经》以及当代诗人作品的继承、发扬和疏离,并由此衡量其诗歌创作的谱系、特色和得失。%As a newly -explosive poet, YU Xiu-hua’ s poems should be included in the evaluation system of a comparative system.There is a phenomenon of intertexuality between YU Xiu-hua’ s poetry and “The Book of Songs”, and her poems which reflect the difficulties and misfortune in marriage not only inherit but also develop the tradition of Chinese classical poems on deserted wives since “The Book of Songs”; her poetry is influenced profoundly by Hai Zi in the choice of image and the way of stranger; com-pared with Zhao Lihua, YU Xiu-hua’ s poems more meet for the reading expectation of poetic style which formed in a long time , it is mainly the pain in her poetry which conquers the readers.

  19. The Clinical Observation in Wound Healing of Dressing Changes after Anal Fistula Surgery with Gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao%生肌玉红膏纱条换药对肛瘘术后创面愈合的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张羽; 王艳逊; 高文帅; 陈雄

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察生肌玉红膏纱条对肛瘘术后换药促伤口愈合的疗效。方法:治疗组83例以生肌玉红膏纱条治疗;对照组83例以0.2%乳酸依沙吖啶纱条治疗。结果:创面愈合天数治疗组为(10.02±3.52)d,对照组为(15.23±4.57)d,P<0.05,有显著性差异。结论:生肌玉红膏纱条对肛瘘术后创面有明显促进伤口愈合、活血行气、生肌止痛的功效。%Objective:Judge the efficacy in wound healing of dressing changes after anal fistula surgery with gauze of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao. Methods:The treatment group 83 patients who have dressed changes after anal fistula surgery with the gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao and the control group 83 patients who have dressed changes after anal fistula surgery with the gauzes of ethacridine lactate solution. Results:The wound healing time of treatment group was (10.02±3.52)days and the control group was (15.23±4.57)days,there were significant differences. Conclusions:The gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao have a obvious role such as promoting wound healing, blood circulation of qi and the the growth of fresh granulation and analgesic for wound of anal fistula surgery.

  20. Analysis of the Conflict Between Father and Son Presented in the Novels of YuHua and Kafka%试析余华与卡夫卡创作中的父子关系--以《变形记》和《在细雨中呼喊》两部作品为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金晓燕

    2013-01-01

    细读卡夫卡的《变形记》和中国现当代作家余华的《在细雨中呼喊》,都能够感到强烈的父子冲突。作家余华在谈论到其创作时承认受卡夫卡影响深远,余华的写作具有西方20世纪现代主义文学的一些特色。这两位作家在塑造父子关系中带有颠覆传统的叛逆性,但是,由于中西方不同的文化背景和作家不同的人生经历,使得《在细雨中呼喊》这部作品较为成功地学习了西方文学的特点,又继承了中国文学传统中的优点。%When reading Kafka's Metamorphoses and Chinese contemporary writer Yu Hua's Cry in Rains, we can strongly feel the conflict between father and son in those novels .Yu Hua recognized the fat that he was influenced by Kafka Yu Hua's writing has some features of twentieth Century western modernism literatures .However , because of the different culture background and differ-ent life experiences , Cry in Rains has successfully grasped western literary type , at the same time he has inherited the advantages of tradition of Chinese literature .

  1. 对政治的惧怕和躲避:余秋雨文化散文论析%Fear and Elusion Politics:YU Qiuyu and His Cultural Prose

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江

    2014-01-01

    YU Qiuyu's prose can be cognized from the relation between politics and the prose itself except for the interpretation made by many previous theorists about the meaning of literature itself .The experience of the "cul-tural revolution"brought him the psychological fear of politics .Because of fear , he chose to elude , but failed . Therefore , the uneasiness has been lingering in his mind , which helps to bring about new form of creation in his cultural proses .On the one hand he takes political cultural relics and historical cultural characters and events as narrated and described objects , and on the other hand , he pays attention to describing his own cultural inspira-tion without obviously expressing his own political view , which makes his prose appear to be kept at an arm's length of politics .This is actually the normal status of literature .The psychology of this is also a normal state of mind for writers and artists .%对于余秋雨的散文,除了以往许多论者从文学本身的意义去阐释之外,还可以从它与政治的关系上去认识。余秋雨在“文革”中的经历,使他对政治产生了惧怕的心理。因为惧怕,所以躲避,但却又无法躲避,所以他的内心一直忐忑。正是这一心态,促成了他对“文化散文”这一具有新意的体式的创造,即一方面以具有政治色彩的文化古迹和历史上的文化人物、文化事件作为记述和描写的对象,另一方面又注重抒写自己的文化感悟,而不明显地发表自己的政治见解,从而使他的文化散文显现出和政治若即若离的面貌。而这一面貌却是文学正常的状态,余秋雨对政治的若即若离的心态,也是作家、艺术家正常的心态。

  2. 从《拔河》《御毬》二赋看盛唐体育之精神%From Two Fu Literature Ba He and Yu Qiu to Study the Sportsmanship in the Glorious Age of Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓霭

    2015-01-01

    盛唐薛胜《拔河赋》、阎宽《温汤御毬赋》,极尽描摹之能事,夸饰唐代开元天宝年间拔河、打毬的竞技场面,精彩传神,充分展示了体育文学的艺术魅力。两赋明晰揭示“百戏”“杂技”的精神内核:“败无隐恶,强无蔽能”“武由是存,义不可舍”“称物以平施”、“耀武于外”。体育赋作为体育文学的体裁、题材之一,从一个侧面折射了盛唐的体育精神,为后代体育研究保存了极其珍贵的“非物质文化遗产”。%In the glorious age of Tang Dynasty ,the Ba He Fu written by Xue Shen and the Wen Tang Yu Qiu FU written by Yan Kuan vividly described and praised the athletics scenes of tug -of -war and ball games which were held during the Kaiyuan Tianbao .These two Fu with wonderful and vivid description fully presented the artistic charm of sports literature .They clearly revealed the core essences of “Bai Xi (acrobatics)”and“Za Ji(juggling)” ,which were“Facing the failure no need hide the incompetent ,achie‐ving victory no need cover the great talent” ,“Keep the kung fu spirit in sports ,and never lose the kung fu morality” ,“Ensure fairness” ,“Present the power to foreigners” .As one type and topics of sports litera‐ture ,the sports literature Fu indicated the sportsmanship in the glorious age of Tang Dynasty from anoth‐er prospective ,and conserved extremely valuable Intangible Cultural Heritage for the future sport re‐search .

  3. 从“雅致”到“新奇”*--在继承中发展的李渔造物思想%From “Elegance” to “Novelty”:Li Yu's Thought of Creation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨婧; 陈建新

    2016-01-01

    “Elegance” has been rooted in the traditional Chinese culture for thousands of years. It is present in the Book of Songs and the Analects of Confucius with aesthetic propositions such as “Yadao” (elegant methods), “Yazhi”( elegant and delicate), “Yaye” (the industry of verse), “Yaqu” (a sense of elegant humor). "Elegance" is often used to describe the literati and upper culture. Until the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the traditional literati class still clung to the elegant world with classic beauty and elegant taste, but Li Yu duly explored and chased the road of "novelty" at the base of theory of elegant, and formed a set of creation aesthetics for both common people and the literati.%“雅”根植于绵延数千年的中华传统文化。从《诗经》到《论语》,屡屡出现如“雅道”、 “雅致”、 “雅业”、“雅趣”等审美命题。“雅”多用于描写和介绍文人,形容他们的清高风雅,因此极具文化的内隐性与象征意义。“雅致”即典雅精致,是中国古代上层文化、精英文化的代名词。时至明清,传统的文人士大夫仍然固守在雅致的世界中,大有“唯古雅是从”的倾向,而李渔却适时地挣脱出来,以雅致入理为追求,在“新奇”的道路上不断实践和探索,于是形成了一种雅俗共赏的造物美学思想。

  4. 《丹台玉案》版本考略%A brief textual research on circulated versions of Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐高; 竹剑平

    2014-01-01

    Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage) was compiled by a doctor of the Ming Dynasty Sun Wenyin,including 6 volumes.This book involves Chinese internal medicine,paediatrics,gynaecology,external medicine,and Department of the sense organs (ENT) classified into 73 categories,each of which contains 80 kinds of disease.The total number of disease was 157.Each kind of disease is discussed under the order of etiology,syndrome,pulse condition and treatment.The range of traditional Chinese prescriptions in this book is rather extensive with its indications,administrations and modification of main prescriptions given concretely.Both internal and external treatment are included,and the individual drug and proved recipe are practical and effective,which is a significant reference to clinical practice.There are many versions of this book extant.According to our investigation and research,we replenished some information to the" General Catalogue of TCM Ancient Books",and at the same time,correct some mistakes,providing the basis for further collation and publishing.%《丹台玉案》系明末医家孙文胤汇辑成编,凡6卷.该书涉及内、儿、妇、外、五官诸科,分73门类,门下另各附病症80种,总收病种约157种,每种病证按因、证、脉、治的次序论述.选方较广泛,对于一些主方的适应症,用法及加减法,叙述比较具体,内服外治并重,单方验方多切实用,对临床实践有重要的参考价值.该书现存多种版本,经笔者调研考证,补充《中国中医古籍总目》中有关该书版本记载的内容,并订正部分错误,为该书整理及出版提供依据.

  5. Bodily Experience and Literary Construction---On Keywords in Yu Xiuhua's Poetry%身体经验与文学行旅--试论余秀华诗歌的关键词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Taking body metaphors as the point of departure, Yu Xiuhua dissolves the boundary between body and mind in her po-etry and creates an embodied mindscape.Apart from deriving from body experience of moving, her poetry is rooted in feminine and regional experience, the above three of which interact with each other to form a unique net of poetic language.Lakoff and Johnson's relevant notions of conceptual metaphors and Julia Kristeva's concept of poetical language as a revolution offer theoretical basis for interpreting the beauties of scenes woven with mind and body, female subjectivity and nature in her poems.Moreover, the theoretical interpretations demonstrate that the poet expands the life consciousness in ways of constructing body metaphor, feminine subject consciousness and natural scene, and invokes an intimate revolt against the power order implied by male authori-ty and mainstream culture.%余秀华以身体隐喻作为观察核心,在诗歌中消融肉体和心录的界线,抒写出饱含情境的诗心景观。除了取材于情动于中的身体经验,她的诗歌亦根植于女性经验和乡土经验两个层面,这三者互为感应,形成独特的诗歌语言张力网。雷可夫和詹森的概念性隐喻视点和茱莉亚·克里斯蒂娃的诗性语言革命观为解读余秀华诗歌所流露出的身心景观之美、女性情感之美和自然之美提供了有力的理论依据,并进一步论证了诗人通过身体隐喻、女性主体意识和自然场景的构建,扩大生命意识的感知,运用诗歌语言完成了对男权和主流文化所暗指的强权秩序的亲密反叛。

  6. The Characters' Fates in Yu Hua's Novel"on the Seventh Day"%浅析余华小说《第七天》中的人物命运

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘刚

    2014-01-01

    Yu Hua's novel"seventh day"is a masterpiece after"Brothers","Brothers"after the novel tells the story of the hero Yang Fei, as an office clerk, after the death of seven-day experience, which is seven days souls experience. From the perspective of the whole narrative, the novel itself reflects one from folk customs-the first seven! That is, each person after death, will be in the form of disembodied spirits exist in the real world seven times in seven days time, as human souls must be completed when the entity through which the journey and experience, which in the folk the statement called"lifetime sun between the footprints have seized", otherwise, this person is not able to participate in reincarnation, will never be able to bounce back.%余华的长篇小说《第七天》是继《兄弟》之后的又一部力作,小说讲述了主人公杨飞,作为一名公司的小职员,死后七天的经历,也就是七天的游魂经历。从整个叙事的角度上来说,小说本身体现出了一种来自民间的习俗--头七!即,每个人在死亡之后,都会以游魂的形式存在于现实世界里七天的时间,在这七天的时间里,游魂必须走完作为实体的人时所经过的路程和经历,这在民间的说法叫“把生前阳间的脚印都要捡走”,否则,这个人是不能够参加轮回的,将永远不能超生。

  7. 河北蔚县地区人群痛风和高尿酸血症现状调查%Epidemiological Study on Hyperuricemia and Gout in Community of Yu County in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔淑芬; 王晓东; 田志莲; 魏合成; 田秀娟; 尹玉圣

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout in community of Yu County in Hebei Province, and explore the relevance between hyperuricemia and body mass index (BMI), systolic pressure, plasma cholesterol, triglyceride and fasting blood-glucose.Methods A random stratified cluster sampling was conducted, and 7,083 inhabitants aged over 20 years were investigated for prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout. Results①Blood uric acid level and hyperuricemia situation: The mean blood uric acid level was (345.43±68.52)μmol/L, (371.82±78.22)μmmol/L in the male and (315.28±73.67)μmmol/L in the female. The total incidence of hyperuricemia was 15.40%, 16.88% in men and 10.83% in women.②Incidence situation of gout: The number of patients suffering from gout was 125, gout prevalence rate was 1.76%, including 113 men (2.11%), 12 women (0.70%).③Compared with normal uric acid group, the body mass index and systolic pressure were higher, the blood level of plasma cholesterol, triglyceride and fasting blood-glucose were higher in hyperuricemia group. Conclusion The prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout in community of Yu County in Hebei Province was higher than other districts in China. The rate of over-weighted, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and diabetes was higher in hyperuricemia group. All these suggested hyperuricemia, as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, hyperuricemia prevalence rate is still continuing to rise, and hyperuricemia has become a major hazard to human health risks.%目的:调查河北省蔚县居民高尿酸血症与痛风的流行情况,并观察高尿酸血症与体重指数、收缩压、血浆胆固醇、甘油三脂和空腹血糖的相关性。方法采用随机、分层、整群抽样的方法,调查了该县各地区7,083名20岁以上居民的高尿酸血症和痛风的患病情况。结果①血尿酸水平及高尿酸血症情况:总体血尿酸水平为(345.43±68.52)μmol/L,其中男性为(371.82±78.22

  8. 羽调音乐对大学生恐惧情绪的缓解作用%Effect of the Yu-tone music to reduction of fear emotion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金芳; 张宁

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨羽调音乐对恐惧情绪的缓解作用.方法 招募72名大学生通过观看恐怖影片片断诱发恐惧情绪,后听音乐或休息,分别比较两者的生理指标、主观体验指标间的差异.结果 当被试产生恐惧情绪后,与安静休息相比[分别为(0.96±1.64)1/Ω,(0.85±1.73)min-1,(4.48±43.54)μV,(-5±15.37)min-1],听羽调音乐引起皮肤电阻、呼吸频率、肌电、心率[分别为(2.04±2.22)1/Ω,(0.09±1.79)min-1,(8.47±26.24) μV,(1.57±20.88)min-1]更大的下降,差异有显著性 ( P <0.01,P <0.01,P <0.01,P <0.05).当被试产生恐惧情绪后,与安静休息相比[分别为(-0.37±2.71)μV,(0.13±1.16)℃],听羽调音乐引起血容波幅、指温[分别为(-0.53±3.8)μV,(-0.02±0.87)℃]更大的上升,差异无显著性( P >0.05,P >0.05).结论 听羽调音乐相比安静休息更能促进恐惧情绪的恢复,降低交感神经系统的兴奋性,提高副交感神经的功能,且提升个体愉快和平静等正性情绪体验和认知.%Objective To explore the effect of the Yu-tone music to reduction of fear emotion. Methods 72 undergraduate students listened to Yu-tone Music or had a rest for ten minutes after elicitation of fear emotion by film clip;and measured from autonomic nerves system include skin conduction,BVP amplitude,heart rate,respiration,finger temperature and self-report subjective experience. Result 1.Compared with silence[(0.96±1.64)1/Ω,(0.85±1.73)min-1,(4.48±43.54)μV,(-5±15.37)min-1],music was associated with a significantly decreased skin resistance,respiration rate,heart rate and myoelectricity after fear emotion[(2.04±2.22)1/Ω,(0.09±1.79)min-1,(8.47±26.24) μV,(1.57±20.88) min-1,P <0.01,P <0.01,P <0.01,P <0.05]; 2.Compared with silence[(-0.37±2.71)μV, (0.13±1.16) ℃ ],music was enlarged BVP amplitude and skin temperature[(-0.53±3.8)μV,(-0.02±0.87)℃],but there was no significant difference( P >0.05,P >0.05).Conclusion Music advance the restore of

  9. Research on Diaries of Modern Chinese Writers: Examples of Hu Shi, Lu Xun and Yu Dafu%现代作家日记研究——以胡适、鲁迅、郁达夫为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑逢康

    2012-01-01

    s diaries hardly present us with any narration of his mind and personal emotion, we still could trace some critical clues and ev- idence for his literary life of that time. Due to many odd and simple narrations in Lu Xun' s diaries, one must associate these diary elements with his or other people' s essays in order to know more about a certain historical event. Diaries written by Yu Dafu( 1896 -1945 ) could be viewed as some meaningful texts of both "dairy literature" and "life record". As a very honest writer, Yu Dafu intended to "unveil all the curtains of his privacy", and thus he so far provided us with a great many first-hand reference materials for studying him. His diaries were also written in a story'teller' s manner, but rich in literary flavor, such as plots, scenes, and protagonists. They could be regarded no more than diaries but masterpieces of literary prose in modem Chinese literature.

  10. The Narration about the True Civilian Life in the Native Literature--Take Two Books,"Alive"and"the Blood-selling Legend of Xu Sanguan", of Yu Hua as Examples%乡土文学本真的平民生存叙事*--以余华《活着》《许三观卖血记》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高椿霞

    2013-01-01

    Yu Hua adheres to people-oriented native narration. In this article, the native novels,"Alive"and"the Blood-selling Legend of Xu Sanguan", of Yu Hua will be regarded as texts. According to the following three aspects--narrative visual angle, narrative content, and narrative utterance of civilian life, this paper will analyze how the narration about the true civilian life in the native literature reconstructed.%余华坚守以人为本体的乡土叙事。本文将以余华的乡土长篇小说《活着》《许三观卖血记》为个案文本,通过平民生存的叙事视角、叙事内容、叙事话语三方面,分析作家余华的乡土文本如何重构了乡土文学本真的平民生存叙事。

  11. Belief for Two Loyal Officials and Adoration for Han Yu --Cultural Interpretations of the Settlement of Two Loyal Officials' Temple in Chaoshan Area%“双忠”信仰与韩愈崇拜——“双忠”庙祀落户潮汕地区的文化阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨子怡

    2012-01-01

    唐代“双忠”张巡、许远二人享祀于非亲非故的僻远的潮汕地区,成为战神和保护神而受到人民的尊崇,形成一种独特的民俗信仰文化。究其因,与韩愈刺潮后而形成的韩愈崇拜密切相关,尊韩文化热孵化出“双忠”崇拜文化,韩愈的崇文兴教,滋润了“双忠”赖以生存的忠义土壤。%Two loyal officials of Tang Dynasty, Zhang Xun and Xu Yuan, venerated by people for being Mars and guardian, were given memorial ceremonies in remote Chaoshan area, where they had neither relatives nor friends, forming a particular kind of culture of folk custom belief. It is closely concerned with the adoration for Han Yu shaped after his being Ci Shi in Chaozhou. The culture of adoration for two loyal officals was engendered by the upsurge of Honoring-Han Yu Culture and the two loyal officals were impacted by Han Yu' s highlight for culture and education.

  12. 朱载堉才是“需求层次理论”的鼻祖--且更独特,更显棋高一着%It States that It was the Chinese Scientist Zhu Zai Yu in Ming Dynasty that Firstly PutForward the Hierarchy Theory of Needs---Which was Superior and More Unique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    习小林

    2014-01-01

    Academics in the past consider the American psychologist Abraham Maslow as the founder of the hierarchy theory of needs. However,the latest study results from the author have overthrown such kind of biases.It states that it was the chinese scientist Zhu Zai Yu in Ming dynasty that firstly put forward the hierarchy theory of needs which was about 360 years as earlier as Maslow.Also ,the knowledgement from Zhu Zai Yu is suoerior and more unique than that from Maslow.%以往学术界都把美国心理学家马斯洛奉为需求层次理论的鼻祖;但最新的研究成果,彻底推翻了这一陈见,认为中国明朝的科学家朱载堉才是需求层次理论的鼻祖,比美国人马斯洛还要早约三百六十多年,且朱载堉对需求层次的认知,要比马斯洛更独特,更显棋高一着。

  13. 身体超验与诗学探索--以20世纪90年代余怒诗歌作例的考察%Physical Transcendentalism and Poetic Exploration-A Probe into YU Nu’ s Poetry in the 1990 s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董迎春

    2015-01-01

    余怒诗歌在语言本体意识中不断探索当代诗歌的发展,融合现代的都市、乡土经验,不断进行自我的形而上学的追问与探索;利用现代西方的表现技巧,从语言处入手,最终又与思想交融,进行了魔幻现实主义、超验主义、超现实主义等话语实践,使得他成为20世纪90年代诗歌书写中不可复制的一个重要个案,他的重心呈现都市经验与语言本体意义的诗意创造。%By integrating modern urban and rural experiences, YU Nu’ s poems constantly explore modern poetic development with linguistic ontological consciousness, metaphysically questioning and probing into his self.By making use of modern western expressive skills, YU Nu starts from language, and ends in mentality fusion, committing himself to various discourse practices, including magic realism, transcendentalism, surrealism and so on.By focusing on poetical presentation of urban experience and linguistic ontology significance, he already becomes an irreplaceable figure in 1990s’ poetic composition.

  14. 羅振玉日本教育考察與晚清學制制定的關係 Chen-Yu Lo’ Educational Visit to Japan and the Drafting of School Systems in Late Ch’ing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    周愚文 Yu-Wen Chou

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available 羅振玉早年關心農業與教育,曾辦東文學社教日語,出版《農報》,譯農書,故受張之洞聘請,掌湖北農務局及農學堂。1901年辛丑詔改各省書院為學堂,獲張之洞與劉坤一共薦率員考察日本教育兩個月。先後訪談重要政教人物,參訪東京、京都、奈良等地學校24所,蒐購中小學教科書及理化器材。因時短、行程緊湊及語言限制,未讀前人考察紀錄,自認收穫有限。返國後,他曾獲張之洞五次接見,並命向鄂官員講說教育。又代張之洞擬教育制度草案欲與劉督會奏,但因劉屬官反對遂寢。他遂出版訪日紀錄及資料,並發表〈學制私議〉等文建議興學,部分被鄂參採。當朝廷擬訂壬寅及癸卯學制時,羅未參與而資料只供參考,但章程規定中小學堂學科八科及小學堂以學國語為主等二項,可能與其建議有關。隨行陳毅曾譯日教育法規並兩度遊日,起草奏定章程時,當不會只憑文獻閉門造車,但主政者乏直接經驗,故教育借用日制時難盡合國情。 Chen-Yu Lo had concern about agriculture and education. He was invited by Governor-General Chih-tung Chang to preside over the Agriculture Department of Hubei and its Agriculture School. In 1901, ordered by Chang and Governor-General Kun-I Liu, he led a group of delegates to visit educational institutions in Japan. Within two months, he discussed with influential politicians and educators, visited 24 schools in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara, and purchased elementary and secondary school textbooks and laboratory equipments. When he returned, he had five meetings with Chang, and lectured on education for Hubei officials. On behalf of Chang, Lo had drafted a new educational system, and it was to be presented to the throne by Chang and Liu, however, the proposal was withdrawn due to the objections of Liu’s subordinates. Later, Lo made the collected

  15. Analysis the development model of Yu Ebao and its impact on bank finance%分析“余额宝”的发展模式及对银行金融的冲击

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海超; 张琼丹; 张义奎; 李丹; 刘素文; 付强

    2013-01-01

    “余额宝”是由第三方支付平台支付宝打造的,相当于“支付宝+货币基金”组合营销的产物.这种简单的互联网金融模式在中国刮起了一阵旋风,打着高于银行10倍活期利息的口号迅速地发展起来,从6月中旬推出以来,到6月底,仅仅半个月的时间,“余额宝”规模达到了大约66亿,客户规模250万,户均余额2600元.(据《中国证券报》报道,截止7月15日,“余额宝”规模已经超过100亿,客户规模或以超过400万).笔者分析了“余额宝”能如此迅猛的发展,成功基因是什么,潜在的规模有多大,规模发展后有哪些困难和瓶颈,是否会对传统的银行业产生巨大的冲击?

  16. 中药生精逐瘀汤联合手术治疗精索静脉曲张不育症患者的疗效观察%Clinical efficacy of Chinese traditional medicine Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang combined with operation in the treatment of patients with varicocele

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何思挺; 陈乐仲; 黄常青; 田小园; 陈球; 刘向崇

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang for treating infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy. Methods Eighty patients with varicocele were randomly divided into two groups, the experimental group (n=40) and control group (n=40). Patients in the experimental group took Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang after the operation, while those in the control group underwent operation only. The semen quality, sex hormone in the peripheral blood (testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone), and the pregnancy rate of their spouse were observed before operation, 3 and 6 months after operation. Results The semen quality, peripheral blood testosterone and the pregnancy rate of their spouse in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang could enhance the quality of sperm and semen in infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy, improve and regulate their reproductive hormone disturbance to increase the pregnancy rate of their spouses.%目的 观察中药生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育患者手术后治疗的临床疗效.方法 将精索静脉曲张不育症患者80例随机分为实验组和对照组,各40例,实验组手术后予结合生精逐瘀汤治疗,对照组予单纯手术治疗.观察两组患者术前、术后3个月、6个月精液质量、外周血性激素(睾酮、黄体生成素和卵泡刺激素)以及配偶受孕率的情况.结果 实验组精液各参数、外周血T及术后配偶自然怀孕率均有明显提高,优于对照组(P<0.05).结论 生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育术后患者有提高精液质量、改善和调节生殖内分泌激素失调、增加配偶受孕率的作用.

  17. A double blind randomized study of Shu Gan Jie Yu capsule combined with mosapride in the treatment of senile functional constipation%舒肝解郁胶囊合并莫沙必利治疗老年功能性便秘的随机双盲对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李仙

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨舒肝解郁胶囊合并莫沙必利对老年功能性便秘的临床治疗效果。方法:本研究设计使用随机双盲对照研究的方法。入组老年功能性便秘患者共68例,将患者随机分为研究组34例和对照组34例。研究组使用莫沙必利辅以舒肝解郁胶囊治疗,对照组使用莫沙必利治疗。两组分别治疗4周。观察两组治疗前后的排便次数和大便性状,并对排便困难症状进行评分。结果:与对照组比较,研究组治疗后的排便次数明显增加,大便性状改善显著(P<0.05)。两组排便困难症状评分均下降(P<0.05),但研究组与对照组组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:舒肝解郁胶囊能辅助莫沙必利减轻老年功能性便秘患者的症状。%Objective:To investigate the clinical therapeutic effect of Shu Gan Jie Yu capsule combined with mosapride in the treatment of senile functional constipation.Methods:In this study we used a randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial.68 patients with senile functional constipation were randomly divided into the study group and the control group with 34 cases in each.Study group used Mosapride combined with Shu Gan Jie Yu capsule treatment,and the control group only used mosapride. Both of the two groups were treated for 4 weeks.Then we observed the stool frequency and stool in the two groups before and after the treatment,and scored the defecate difficulty symptom.Results:When compared with the control group,the defecation frequency of the study group was significantly increased,and the stool was also significantly improved(P0.05).Conclusion:Shu Gan Jie Yu capsule combined with mosapride in the treatment of senile functional constipation can improve their assist symptoms.

  18. A Study of the Relationship between Wuyue Culture and the National Culture of Japan from a Diffusion to the East and the Changes to Yu Sacrifices%从"禹祭"的东传及流变看吴越文化与日本民族文化的渊源关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱萍

    2015-01-01

    大禹被吴越地区民众作为治水英雄的神话广为歌颂,称为"地王"受到祭祀,俗称"禹祭".日本亦有相似的神话,流传于日本最大的河流——利根川流域,神话的主人公被称作"土神之母"受到民间祭拜,俗称"泥祭".种种迹象表明",泥祭"脱胎于"禹祭"",土母治水"源于"大禹治水",从中发现,吴越文化早在古代就已经传播到当时还被称为"岛夷"的日本.但是,同一治水神话,日本民众的祭祀方式与吴越地区民众的祭祀方法也很不一样,它经过日本民族的再创造之后,早已远离原型,成为本民族特有的神话,唯留有原神话若干因子而已.%Da Yu was widely praised as a hero who fought the floods in the Wuyue region, where he was known as"God of the Land", and where the sacrifices to this God are known as Yu sacrifices. In Japan, there are similar myths along the course of the river Tonegawa. The hero is named"Mother of the Land God", and sacrifices are made by people during Mud sacrifices. Evidence shows that Mmud sacrifices come from Yu sacrifices, just as the myth of the fight with floods by Mother of Land God comes from the myth of the fight with floods by Dayu. It can be concluded that in ancient times, Wuyue culture influenced ancient Japan although the specifics of ceremony changed over the subsequent years. Because of the innovation by Japanese people, these myths and sacrifices journeyed far from the originals, and became a unique myth of Japan which still reflects shadows of the original.

  19. Clinical Observation on Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis by Only Sodium Hyaluronate and Its Combination with JieDu XiaoYu Ointment%玻璃酸钠单独使用与联合解毒消瘀膏治疗膝骨性关节炎疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王想福; 石瑞芳; 武纪玲; 赵军; 孔令俊; 谭小花

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of JieDu XiaoYu ointment combined with sodi-umhyaluronate on knee osteoarthritis. Methods: All 60 patients were randomized into the research and control groups with 30 cases in each, sodium hyaluronate was injected to patients of control group in articular cavity while the combination of JieDu XiaoYu ointment with sodium hyaluronate were administered to the cases of research group;one course of treatment is 4 weeks in both groups and the therapeutic effects presented from osteoarthritis indexes were assessed by WOMAC. Results: The total effective rate in research group was 83.33% significantly better than that of 53.33%in control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:The curative effect of JieDu XiaoYu ointment combined with sodium hyaluronate in treating knee osteoarthritis is superior to that of the pure injection of sodium hyaluronate in articular cavity.%目的:观察解毒消瘀膏联合玻璃酸钠治疗膝关节骨性关节炎的临床疗效。方法:将门诊就诊的膝关节骨性关节炎患者60例随机分为对照组和研究组各30例,对照组采用玻璃酸钠关节腔注射治疗,研究组采用解毒消瘀膏膝关节外敷配合玻璃酸钠关节腔注射治疗,2组治疗4周为1个疗程,采用WOMAC骨性关节炎指数评分评价疗效。结果:研究组总有效率为83.33%,疗效明显优于对照组的53.33%(P<0.05)。结论:解毒消瘀膏外敷配合玻璃酸钠关节腔注射治疗膝关节炎疗效优于单纯采用玻璃酸钠关节腔注射。

  20. 晚清《论语》诠释路径之考察--以刘恭冕《论语述》为中心%The Methodological Study of The Analects of Confucius in the Late Qing Dynasty---The Investigation of Liu Gongmian’s Account for Lun Yu Centered

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高瑞杰

    2014-01-01

    With the rise of the Changzhou School in the late Qing Dynasty, many Confucianists gradually began to ease the gap between Han Dynasty and Song Dynasty of learning, and the reform and change in Han learning sprung up. Within the study of Confucius classics, there was an upsurge of Gongyang to explain Confucius classics, especially famous for the collection of the Analects Note. For Liu Fenglu’s Lun Yu Shu He, many descendants criticized it because it was far-fetched. Compared with Lun Yu Shu He, Liu Gongmian’s Lun Yu Zhu Xun had many merits, such as it was conscientiously sum up, it could demonstrate deep meaning, it had its own conclusion, and it could convince people because of rigorously argument. Liu identified the“Crownless King” righteous of the present era, and produce a fusion of matter and reason. Therefore, he became unique in the group of studying the Analects in the Gongyang period in the late Qing Dynasty, which played a very important role for those who do research on Analects and should be affirmed.%随着晚清常州公羊学派的兴起,诸儒逐渐开始舒缓汉宋之防,汉学的自我更新亦随之兴起。经学研究内部出现了一股以《公羊》解《论语》的热潮,尤以辑录何休《论语注训》为盛。其中,刘逢禄的《论语述何》被后人批评为师心自用,而有“郢书燕说”之讥;相比之下,刘恭冕的《论语注训》,或兢兢于辑录,或引申其说,间裁断于己,而又论证严谨,令人信服。刘氏以朴实的乾嘉学风为根基,去认同今文家的素王大义,故而产生一种事与理的融通,在晚清群经公羊化学潮中独树一帜,并对后学产生一定影响,应予肯定。

  1. Memristive model of amoeba learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pershin, Yuriy V.; La Fontaine, Steven; di Ventra, Massimiliano

    2010-03-01

    Recently, it was shown that the amoeba-like cell Physarum polycephalum when exposed to a pattern of periodic environmental changes learns and adapts its behavior in anticipation of the next stimulus to come. Here we show that such behavior can be mapped into the response of a simple electronic circuit consisting of a LC contour and a memory-resistor (a memristor) to a train of voltage pulses that mimic environment changes [1]. We also discuss a possible biological origin of the memristive behavior in the cell. These biological memory features are likely to occur in other unicellular as well as multicellular organisms, albeit in different forms. Therefore, the above memristive circuit model, which has learning properties, is useful to better understand the origins of primitive intelligence. [1] Yu. V. Pershin, S. La Fontaine, and M. Di Ventra, Phys. Rev. E 80, 021926 (2009)

  2. Chaos game representation walk model for the protein sequences

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Jie; Jiang Li-Li; Xu Zhen-Yuan

    2009-01-01

    A new chaos game representation of protein sequences based on the detailed hydrophobic-hydrophilic(HP)model has been proposed by Yu et al(Physica A 337(2004)171). A CGR-walk model is proposed based on the new CGR coordinates for the protein sequences from complete genomes in the present paper. The new CGR coordinates based on the detailed HP model are converted into a time series, and a long-memory ARFIMA(p, d, q)model is introduced into the protein sequence analysis. This model is applied to simulating real CGR-walk sequence data of twelve protein sequences. Remarkably long-range correlations are uncovered in the data and the results obtained from these models are reasonably coneistent with those available from the ARFIMA(p, d, q)model.

  3. The Forgotten Great War: Viewpoint of a Political Scientist. Book review: Russia in the Great War of 1914-1918. The images and texts / ed. by A. K. Sorokin, A. Yu. Shutov ; auth.-comp. K. M. Anderson, et al. – Moscow : Politicheskaya entsik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankratov Sergey Anatolyevich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This publication is a review of the book Russia in the Great War of 1914-1918. The images and texts, prepared by the team of authors and edited by A.K. Sorokin and A.Yu. Shutov in the context of joint activity of the Russian Society of Political Scientists,Faculty of Political Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russian State Archive of Social and Political History. The reviewer characterizes the specifics of the publication which represents an attempt to reveal the atmosphere of the century-old events, semantic plots, images of people and their actions through the photographs from the pages of periodicals, posters and cartoons, leaflets and official documents of the First World War.

  4. “日常生活”与“闲情偶寄”——列斐伏尔和李渔“日常生活世界”之比较%"Daily life" and "Xian Qing Ou Ji"——comparison of "dailylife world" in Henri Lefebvre and Li Yu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭洲飞; 李佳裔

    2012-01-01

    Henri Lefebver is the pioneer of the daily life theory,while Li Yu is the initiator of the daily life arrangement in ancient times of China.Both of them focus their eyes on the daily life's new world,finding the beauty and arts there.There exist the differences that Lefebver's contribution to Marxism is to expand and apply the alienation of Marx to daily life of capitalism society with aim to get rid of the alienation;while Li Yu mainly states how to arrange our daily life affairs more effectively and scientifically so as to enjoy the life.%列斐伏尔是日常生活理论的开拓者,李渔是编撰中国古代"日常生活指南"第一人。两人都把视野投射在日常生活的新天地,发现了其中的美、其中的艺术。不同的是,列斐伏尔是把马克思异化劳动理论拓展、运用到资本主义社会日常生活领域,寻求人摆脱异化之路;李渔是要告知人们如何简便实用、科学有效地安排生活起居事宜,进而享受生活的闲情和惬意。

  5. 狂欢与规训--大众文化视域下的“余秀华诗歌现象”%Revelry and discipline:the phenomenon about YuXiuhua’s poetry from the perspective of mass culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈守湖

    2015-01-01

    YuXiuhua’s poetry, which has become unexpectedly popular through WeChat, symbolizes an end to the self-sufficient private writing as well as an entry into the field of mass culture, which is full of various sounds, consumption law, discourse power and identity code. At the same time, network community has directed carnival poetry which gains much attention from the mainstream media and publishers. In some sense, Yu Xiuhua’s poetry has undergone a process from writing for herself to writing for others, from silence to hubbub and from resistance to fusion, in which the folk standpoint and grass-root writing of her poetry have been obscured and disciplined.%在微信朋友圈中意外走红的余秀华诗歌,告别了自足自为的私性书写,进入到众声喧哗的大众文化场域。在这个杂合着消费法则、话语权力、身份符码的场域里,上演了一场网络社群的诗学狂欢,进而获得了主流媒体和出版机构的关注。从自为到共谋,从沉默到喧嚣,从抵抗到融合,余秀华诗歌的民间立场和草根书写的意义在某种程度上被遮蔽与规训。

  6. 东西方女性主义艺术思潮的异同分析--以弗里达和喻红作品艺术风貌为例%An Analysis on Similarities and Differences between Eastern and Western Feminist Art Trends-Taking Art Styles of Works by Frida Kahlo and Yu Hong as Case Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张嘉博; 王洪章

    2016-01-01

    墨西哥现代女艺术家弗里达卡洛与中国当代女性画家喻红,他们二人的艺术实践无论是在创作理念还是在作品格调上都具有某种程度的相似性,但由于东西方在艺术审美经验上的根本差异,又使得两人作品的艺术风貌呈现出较为明显的区别。弗里达卡洛以女性对个体生命的独特体验来表现充满异域风情的墨西哥民族画风,喻红通过描绘个体生命的成长历程反映当代社会快速的时代变迁,重新界定了个人在社会群体中的角色定位。%Mexico modern female artist Frida Kahlo and Chinese contemporary female painter Yu Hong, whose art practice have certain similarities both in creation concept and works style, however,the fundamental differences between eastern and western art aesthetic experiences make their works have more obvious differences in art style.Frida Kahlo expresses the Mexican national style full of exotic culture through women’ s unique experience on individual life, while Yu Hong reflects contemporary rapid social era change by depic-ting the growth course of individual life to redefine the role of the individual in the society.

  7. 12th Workshop on What Comes Beyond the Standard Models

    CERN Document Server

    Nielsen, Holger Bech; Lukman, Dragan; What Comes Beyond the Standard Models

    2009-01-01

    Contents: 1. Likelihood Analysis of the Next-to-minimal Supergravity Motivated Model (C. Balazs and D. Carter) 2. The Multiple Point Principle: Characterization of the Possible Phases for the SMG (D.L. Bennett) 3. Does Dark Matter Consist of Baryons of New Stable Family Quarks? (G. Bregar and N.S. Mankoc Borstnik) 4. P, C and T for Truly Neutral Particles (V.V. Dvoeglazov) 5. Relativistic Equations for Spin Particles: What Can We Learn From Noncommutativity? (V.V. Dvoeglazov) 6. Radiative Charged Fermion Masses and Quark Mixing (VCKM)4x4 in a SU(3) Gauged Flavor Symmetry Model (A. Hernandez-Galeana) 7. Low Energy Binding of Composite Dark Matter with Nuclei as a Solution for the Puzzles of Dark Matter Searches (M.Yu. Khlopov, A.G. Mayorov and E.Yu. Soldatov) 8. On the Possibilities and Impossibilities of Random Dynamics (A. Kleppe) 9. Spin Connection Makes Massless Spinor Chirally Coupled to Kaluza-Klein Gauge Field After Compactification of $M^{1+5}$ to $M^{1+3}$ x Infinite Disc Curved on $S^2$ (D. Lukman, N...

  8. Investigation of Cubic EOS Models for HFO-1234yf Refrigerant Used In Automotive application

    OpenAIRE

    Agrawal, Anant; Cornelio, Avi Anthony; Limperich, Dirk

    2012-01-01

    The need for a consistent and reliable calculation of thermodynamic property of refrigerants has been a topic of research since the past decade. This paper reports a study of various cubic equations of state (EOS) for a refrigerant to be used in automotive applications. Thermodynamic properties of refrigerant 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO- 1234yf) using three different cubic equations of state, i.e. Peng-Robinson (PR), Yu-Lu (YL) and Guo-Du (GD), are modeled, compared and analyzed. A generi...

  9. A note on the global attractivity of a discrete model of nicholson's blowflies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. G. Zhang

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we further study the global attractivity of the positive equilibrium of the discrete Nicholson's blowflies model Nn+1−Nn=−δNn+pNn−ke−aNn−k,        n=0,1,2,…. We obtain a new criterion for the positive equilibrium N∗ to be a global attractor, which improve the corresponding results obtained by So and Yu (J. Math. Anal. Appl. 193 (1995, 233–244.

  10. A new routing assignment model for Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHI; Caixia

    2001-01-01

    Karman, Th., Zur theorie der spanungszustnde in plastischen und sandartigen medion, Nachr. Gesellsch. Wissensch., Gttingen, 1909.[17]Szczepinski, W., Introduction to the Mechanics of Plastic Forming of Metals, Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff, 1979.[18]Chen, W. F., Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, New York: Elsevier, 1975.[19]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., A new model and theory on yield and failure of materials under complex stress state, Mechanical Behaviors of Materials~6, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1991, 3: 841—846.[20]Yu, M. H., New System of Strength Theory (in Chinese), Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong Universitry Press, 1992.[21]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., Song, L. Y., Twin shear stress theory and its generalization, Scientia Sinica (Science in China), Series A, 1985, 28(11): 1174—1183.[22]Yu, M. H., Yang, S. Y. et al., Unified elasto-plastic associated and non-associated constitutive model and its engineering applications, Computers and Structures, 1999, 71: 627—636.[23]Ma, G. W., Shoji, I., Plastic limit analysis of circular plates with respect to unified yield criterion, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1998, 40(10): 963.[24]Ma, G. W., Hao, H., Unified plastic limit analyses of circular plates under arbitrary load, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 1999, 66(2): 568.[25]Qiang, H. F., Lu, N., Liu, B. J., Unified solutions of crack tip plastic zone under small scale yielding, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 35(1): 34—38.[26]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., Constitutive descriptions of multiphase poropus media, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(1):11—24.[27]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., An elasto-plastic damage model for saturated and unsaturated geomaterials, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(2): 198—206.[28]Cheng, H. X., Li, J. J., Zhang, G. S. et al., Finite element analysis program system HAJIF(X), Chinese Journal of

  11. Estimation of unemployment rates using small area estimation model by combining time series and cross-sectional data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muchlisoh, Siti; Kurnia, Anang; Notodiputro, Khairil Anwar; Mangku, I. Wayan

    2016-02-01

    Labor force surveys conducted over time by the rotating panel design have been carried out in many countries, including Indonesia. Labor force survey in Indonesia is regularly conducted by Statistics Indonesia (Badan Pusat Statistik-BPS) and has been known as the National Labor Force Survey (Sakernas). The main purpose of Sakernas is to obtain information about unemployment rates and its changes over time. Sakernas is a quarterly survey. The quarterly survey is designed only for estimating the parameters at the provincial level. The quarterly unemployment rate published by BPS (official statistics) is calculated based on only cross-sectional methods, despite the fact that the data is collected under rotating panel design. The study purpose to estimate a quarterly unemployment rate at the district level used small area estimation (SAE) model by combining time series and cross-sectional data. The study focused on the application and comparison between the Rao-Yu model and dynamic model in context estimating the unemployment rate based on a rotating panel survey. The goodness of fit of both models was almost similar. Both models produced an almost similar estimation and better than direct estimation, but the dynamic model was more capable than the Rao-Yu model to capture a heterogeneity across area, although it was reduced over time.

  12. 基于数据挖掘技术的俞景茂教授诊治小儿遗尿的规律研究%Analysis on Professor Yu Jingmao’s Medication Rules for Treating Childhood Enuresis Based on Database and Data Mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬思远; 季聪华; 陈华; 吴龙涛; 蒋燕华; 王珊珊

    2016-01-01

    [目的]探讨俞景茂教授治疗小儿遗尿的诊疗规律和学术经验。[方法]收集俞景茂教授诊治小儿遗尿的门诊病案,利用 EpiData软件建设病案数据库,采用Clementine12.0,运用关联规则Apriori算法对症候和药物出现的频次,以及药物之间的相互关联性进行统计分析,并结合临床实践,分析并总结俞景茂教授治疗小儿遗尿的诊治规律。[结果]统计分析显示舌淡红、夜尿不约、眠深难醒等十项症候为高频症候,炙甘草、菟丝子、巴戟天等二十味药物为高频药物,菟丝子、黄芪、白术、巴戟天等九味药物为核心药物,提示俞景茂教授在诊治小儿遗尿中重在补肾、健脾和开窍。[结论]通过数据挖掘方法,有效总结了俞景茂教授在小儿遗尿方面的诊疗思路和临床经验,该方法的应用对于挖掘名老中医临床经验具有重要的价值。%Objective] To investigate professor Yu Jingmao’s medication rules and clinical experience for treating childhood enuresis. [Methods] Outpatient prescriptions of treating childhood enuresis were collected and database was established relying on Software EpiData. The usage frequency of drug, syndrome manifestations and the correlations between them were analyzed by using clementine 12.0 software and association rules, such as Apriori. Also, clinical experience was taken into consideration to analyse characteristic in treating childhood enuresis. [Results] Ten syndrome manifestations are frequently existed, for example, pink tongue, childhood enuresis and hard to awake. Twenty herbs are frequently existed, for example, Zhi-gancao, Tu-sizi and Ba-jitian. There are nine core herbs, like Tu-sizi, Huang-qi, Bai-shu and Ba-jitian. Professor Yu Jingmao prefers to tonify kidney and spleen and wake up from sleep in treatment.[Conclusion]The experience for treating childhood enuresis of professor Yu Jingmao is concluded according to data mining. And it

  13. Research on the Leading Industry Selection of Ecological Environment: Take Cheng-Yu Economic Zone as an Example%面向生态环境的主导产业选择研究——以成渝经济区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖红艳; 袁兴中; 李波; 曹慧; 廖正军

    2011-01-01

    区域经济与生态环境保护协调发展是当代研究的热点.为了保证区域经济发展与生态环境协同共进,对区域经济发展核心和支柱的主导产业的选择必须基于生态环境的考量.本文综合考虑产业资源环境效益、经济效益、社会效益,构建了面向生态环境的主导产业选择指标体系,包括生态环境指数、经济规模指数、产品市场指数、经济效益指数、社会效益指数以及行业关联效应指数,并以成渝经济区为研究对象,运用熵值法和投入产出模型等方法进行定量综合比选.在结合研究区域发展要求的基础上,结果确定成渝经济区主导产业为装备制造业、食品制造和加工业及电力、燃气及水资源生产和供应业.%The coordinated development of the environment and the economy is a focus these days. In order to coordinate the regional economic development and eco-environmental conservation, the leading industry, being the core and pillar of the regional economic development, must be selected based on ecological environment. Considering the economical, social, and ecological efficiencies of industries, a six sets of index system consist of eco-environment index, scale economical index, market index, economic benefit index, social benefit index and correlation degree was established on the basis of leading industry selection principles and criterion for leading industry selection under the constraints of ecological environment, and in accordance with regional development requirements, the leading industry of the Cheng-Yu economic zone was analyzed by entropy method and input-output method. The results showed that, the comprehensive indexes of equipment manufacturing industry, food manufacturing and processing industries, and electric power, gas & water production and supply were determined as leading industries of Cheng-Yu economic zone.

  14. Problems of and Solutions to the Chinese -English Translation of Public Signs of Scenic Spots in Fuzhou---A Case Study of Mount Yu Scenic Spot%福州市景区公示语英译存在的问题及对策--以福州市于山风景区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周春颖

    2015-01-01

    Fuzhou plays a leading role in the construction of the west side of the Taiwan Straits.With the ongoing cultural ex-changes and expanding international influence,Fuzhou has attracted an increasing amount of foreigners to come for traveling and sightseeing.Therefore,it is significant for the public signs of scenic spots to be correct.This thesis takes Fuzhou Mount Yu Scenic Spot as an example and analyzes the problems of and solutions to C -E translation of public signs of scenic spots in Fuzhou.%福州作为海西建设的领跑者,对外文化交流愈加频繁,国际影响日益扩大,吸引了越来越多外国友人来此观光旅游。因此,旅游景区的公示语的英语翻译就显得尤为重要。本文以福州市于山风景区为例,分析了景区内公示语英译存在的问题并提出了改善目前现状的对策。

  15. 《朱子语类》软硬反义概念词语类聚考%A Textual Research on Antithetical Words Denoting “Softness”and “Hardness”in Zhu Zi Yu-lei (朱子语类)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐时仪

    2016-01-01

    The system of vocabulary is composed of individual words which are clustered together on the basis of meaning relationships. A lexical cluster denoting the same meaning is equivalent to a lexical field. There are many words and expressions found in Zhu Zi Yu-lei (朱子语类) , literally Classified conversations of Master Zhu, deno-ting the concepts of softness and hardness respectively. This paper presents an investigation into the network of lexi-cal clustering under which antithetical words denoting softness and hardness are subsumed.%词汇系统由一个个概念词语类聚互相关联构成,同一概念的词语类聚相当于一个词汇场。《朱子语类》中表达软硬概念的有“柔、软、坚、硬、刚、顽”等词,形成以这些词及其组合的词语为核心而聚合其他词汇成分的软硬概念词语聚合网络。

  16. 佛教心性论与韩孟诗派创作的主体精神%The Ideology of the Mind of Buddhism and the Subject Spirit in the Creation of Poetry by the School of Han Yu and Meng Jiao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马现诚

    2001-01-01

    佛教禅宗心性论是佛学的核心义理之一,旨在启迪人从心灵中寻求“自我意识和自我感觉”,它强化了人的主体意识和主体精神。这一特征与艺术创作的主体精神有着内在的相互通融和契符。韩孟诗派是中唐最具特征的诗派,此派诗人在诗歌创作实践中都表现自我主体意识,抒写心性,而形成这一创作特征的深层文化思想背景正是佛教禅宗心性论的影响。%The ideology of the mind of Dhyana is one of the key doctrines of Buddhism, which is directed to seek self- consciousness and self- recognition in human mind. This concept strengthens human subject consciousness and spirit, thus an intrinsic connection with the subject spirit of literary creation. The school of Han Yu and Meng Jiao was typical of the mid - Tan Dyansty poetry, their deep cultural background of Dhyana determined the representation of self- subject consciousness and mind as well as soul in the creation of poetry.

  17. 凡音之起乐由心生--于右任《望大陆》诗歌曲创作理念与音调设计%Music Raises from the Bottom of Heart-Creative Idea and Tone Design of the Poetry Song of Yu Youjen′s "Gaze on the Mainland"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方小笛

    2016-01-01

    于右任先生在耄耋之年的国殇绝唱《望大陆》诗深刻表达了祖国被撕裂、国土不完整、亲人不能团聚的痛楚之情。为了承继于老原诗的意境,《望大陆》诗歌曲创作理念以秦腔音乐风格为主线,乐曲音调设计采用 G 宫 A 商清乐音阶七声调式,结构为带有对比性的单二部曲式,音乐表达出哀伤、悲怆、悲壮的情境。%Mr.Yu Youjen wrote a poem "Gaze on the Mainland"at his age of eighties,which expresses profound feel-ings about the sorrow of torn and incomplete homeland and the sadness of family separation.In order to inherit the origi-nal mood and conception,the poetry song "Gaze on the Mainland"is composed on the Shaanxi opera music style.The song uses the seventh grades of the QingYue scale style of G Gong A Shang as its tonality and its musical structure is the two -single form with a contrasting style.The music expresses a sad,pathetic,and tragic feeling.

  18. 《汉语大词典》收双音假设连词书证义项商补%Discussion and Supplement on Documentary Evidence and Dictionary Entry of the Dual Tone Hypothetical Conjunction in“HanYuDaCiDian”(汉语大词典)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周广干

    2014-01-01

    “HanYuDaCiDian”(《汉语大词典》)has included and defined most of the dual tone hypothesis conjunction in history of Chinese language. It has important reference value for the study of the history of Chinese language. However, there are still some problems to be solved. For example,the documentary evidences of some entries are too later even some entries have no documentary evidence;Besides everal hypothetical conjunctions have other uses which the dictionary have not collected. These problems need further discussion and supplement.%提《汉语大词典》收释了大部分双音假设连词,对于汉语史研究有重要的参考价值。不过尚存在部分词条书证偏晚或者缺少书证的问题;此外个别假设连词还有其他连词用法而词典漏收相应的义项。这些问题还需要做进一步的商榷和补充。

  19. The Current Situation of Folk Story Inheritance among the Zang Nationality——a Case Study in YU Tong Region%康巴藏族民间故事传承的现状——以鱼通地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王自红

    2011-01-01

    通过口耳相传的方式传承了千百年的康巴藏族民间故事,深刻地反映了康区社会、历史、风俗、文化等方方面面。虽然不同区域的传承方式会打上本土文化特征的烙印,但仍是有共性可循的。本文仅以鱼通地区的民间故事口头传承为例,对康巴藏族民间故事的传承现状进行初步的探析,以期引起康巴文化研究者和当地文化部门的关注。%The oral way to inherit the folk story has a history of more than one thousand years among the Zang nationality,and this reveals the society,history,convention and culture in this region.The definite ways may differ from place to place,but they share some similarity in culture.Taking the oral inheritance of folk story in YU Tong region for instance,this paper attempt an initial research on the current situation of folk story inheritance,so as to attract more attention to this culture from scholars and local government.

  20. 司空图感性学三维视角下评析《虞美人》的英译本%A Comparative Study on Three English Versions of the Chinese Poem The Beautiful Lady Yu from the Perspective of Sikong Tu’s Three Dimensions of Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽

    2013-01-01

    在诗歌翻译批评中,司空图诗学思想即三维说提供了一个很好的诗评原则。本文从司空图感性学三维出发,对《虞美人》3个英文译本的音像美、视像美和含蓄美进行了比较研究。好的诗歌译本应从听觉、视觉和味觉3个维度尽量保留和再现原诗的意境美,实现原诗的“韵外之致”、“景外之景”和“味外之旨”。%Sikong Tu proposes the theory of “three dimensions of aesthetics” on criticizing poems .In this paper ,three English versions of the Chinese poem The Beautiful Lady Yu are compared and studied based on this theory ,which covers acoustic beauty ,visual beauty and vague sense of beauty .The paper comes to a conclusion that a successful poem translation should convey the poetic mood of the original text from the above three dimensions .

  1. “语言”定义问题研究综论--兼评于全有《语言本质理论的哲学重建》中的语言观%A Summary on Language Definition:Also on Yu Quanyou’ s Philosophic Reconstruction of Language Essence Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉娟; 王芳

    2014-01-01

    There are many definitions of language .Among them , the theories of tool and symbol are more in-fluential .Nevertheless , they have obvious weakness and shortages for these definitions .Yu Quanyou reconstructs the concept of language .His brand-new definition overturns the recognition on the essence of language and clears the problems of traditional view on the essence of language .%目前学术界对语言的界定和认识有很多,但其中影响较大的主要是工具说、符号说。而这几种语言定义都存在着明显的弱点和不足。于全有教授对“语言”的概念重新进行了定义,这种全新的定义,颠覆了传统的有关语言本质观的认识,从根本上肃清并解决了传统的语言本质观存在的诸多问题。

  2. CYCLICAL STRUCTURE IN THE PLAYS ‘THE BALD SOPRANO’, ‘WAITING FOR GODOT’ AND ‘MAIDS’-‘KEL ŞARKICI’, ‘GODOT’YU BEKLERKEN’ VE ‘HİZMETÇİLER’ İSİMLİ OYUNLARDA ÇEVRİMSEL YAPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanife Nalan GENÇ

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The concept of Theater of the Absurd accelerating especially in the second half of the twentieth century was not only evaluated as incomprehensible but also found ridiculous and surprised when it was considered as a new genre. The aimlessness of people who cannot make their presence felt with their actions and their despair were exhibited in the tragic-comic contrast. The concept of Theater of the Absurd which can be assessed in two periods with the themes and the principles it defends developed under the leadership of the authors including mostly Ionesco, Beckett and Genet of the second period putting emphasis on the harmony of dissonance. These three pioneers of this theater existed with their unique style of playwriting. In this study, Ionesco’s ‘Kel Şarkıcı’ (The Bald Soprano, Samuel Beckett’s Godot’yu Beklerken (Waiting for Godot and Jean Genet’s Hizmetçiler (Maids were examined in the context of cyclical structures. The plays’ own texture and the fact that they were fictionalized with its cyclical structures associated with their concept of theater caused these three plays which have different styles of plays and the playwrights who defend different ideas to find common ground. As a result, it was found out that the structure in these plays served to concretize the fundamentals of theatre of the Absurd.

  3. Discussion of "A new method for predicting nonlinear structural vibrations induced by ground impact loading" by Jun Liu, Yu Zhang, Bin Yun, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 331 (2012) 2129-2140

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svinkin, Mark R.

    2016-12-01

    The authors suggested a hybrid method for modeling the time history of structural vibrations triggered by impact dynamic loads from construction equipment and blasting, and they stated, "In this work, a hybrid method has been proposed to calculate the theoretical seismograms of structural vibrations. The word "hybrid" denotes a combination of field measurements and computer simulations. Then, based on nonlinear system theory, a novel method is proposed to predict the signal induced by impact loading".

  4. 重载交通条件下榆佳高速公路汽车荷载研究%Research on Vehicle Load of Highway Bridges on Yu-Jia Highway under Heavy Traffic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成立涛; 刘宁

    2013-01-01

    榆林至佳县高速公路是陕西省重要的能源运输大通道,重型汽车比例高,交通量大,应用现行规范公路—Ⅰ级汽车荷载进行设计难以满足目标可靠度要求.在对该区域进行交通量调查、研究的基础上,提出适应于该高速公路重载交通特点的桥梁荷载模型.该模型采用车列荷载模式,能直观反映作用于桥梁汽车轴重、总重、轴距等参数,方便桥梁的运营管理,且使桥梁在实际重载交通条件下的安全性和耐久性得到保证.该汽车荷载模型与公路—Ⅰ级的对比分析表明:若采用公路—Ⅰ级汽车荷载乘以放大系数的方法进行设计,会造成不必要的浪费,却未必起到控制设计的目的.采用该汽车荷载进行桥梁设计对总造价影响较小,却能提高公路通行能力.%The highway of Yulin to Jiaxian,with a high proportion of heavy vehicles and large traffic volume,is an important energy transport passage in Shaanxi province.It is hard to meet the reliability requirements using Highway-Ⅰ Class traffic load to design the bridges.A special live load model of highway bridges suitable for the heavy traffic is established after site investigation.The model consists of standard vehicles,which can intuitively reflect the axle loads,gross weight,and wheelbase,etc.,and makes the management of bridge easy and the safty and durability of bridge on heavy traffic to be guaranteed.The comparison between the model and Highway-Ⅰ Class traffic load shows that it will cause in unnecessary waste if using the design method of Highway-Ⅰ Class load multiplied by amplification fator,which will not surely reach the control target.However,this load model has slight effect on overall project cost and can improve the traffic capacity greatly.

  5. Collections of Anecdotes Covering With Absurd Aesthetics---On YU Hua’ s“The Seventh Day”%被荒诞美学遮蔽的杂闻汇编--评余华的小说《第七天》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴文

    2015-01-01

    “The Seventh Day” is fictional,collections of anecdotes,with absurd aesthetics. The mixture of ideologies and vulgar taste is the result of marketing.The producing process of this work is a miniature of commercial writing model since 1990s.It is of great importance to re-flect this writing model for constructing modern literature value.%虽然混杂着荒诞美学,同时汇编了时事杂闻,但《第七天》依然呈现出一种失真感。文本所包含的各种意识形态及其媚俗趣味,是其迎合商业化运作模式的必然结果。《第七天》的生产过程是上世纪90年代以来所形成的商业写作模式的缩影,反思这种写作模式对当代文学价值的建构具有重要意义。

  6. The model of self-sustained propagation of a magnetic reconnection along the flux tube

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumin, Yurii

    This work represents a further development of our earlier ideas about heating the solar corona in the transition region from the "induction" to "drift" freezing of the magnetic field in plasma [1, 2]. The new detailed study of this process in the magnetic tube filled with a weakly-ionized plasma of the lower solar atmosphere shows that ignition of the magnetic reconnection develops most efficiently at the spot of approximate equality between the gyro-and collisional frequencies of charged particles. Next, due to the heat release and its propagation along the magnetic flux tube, the spot of most efficient reconnection moves upwards, thereby producing a self-sustained propagation of the reconnection along the field lines. The temperature increases sharply with height just due to decrease in plasma density, stratified by the gravitational field. This phenomenon may be efficiently applied to model the solar microflares, which are believed now to be an important ingredient of the solar atmosphere heating. References: 1. Yu.V. Dumin. Can Heating of the Solar Corona Be Related to a Transition from the In-duction to Drift Mechanism of the Magnetic Field Freezing in Plasma? Advances in Space Research, v.30, p.565 (2002). 2. Yu.V. Dumin. On the Physical Nature of the Magnetic-Field Freezing-in Effect in Collision-less Cosmic Plasmas. Solar System Research, v.32, p.323 (1998).

  7. Views on Spirits and Gods in Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou and Tang Zai Chi Men of Qinghua Bamboo Manuscripts%清华简《三寿》《汤在啻门》二文中的鬼神观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹峰

    2016-01-01

    There is great respect for spirits and gods in the text Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou and Tang Zai Chi Men, two texts of Qinghua Bamboo Manuscripts. In Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou, Pengzu emphasizes the fulfillment of the want of gods and people as an important element in the evaluation of a ruler. Tang Zai Chi Men discusses the important elements in the construction of“human”( Ren) , “country”( Bang) ,“earth”( Di) and “heaven”( Tian) where the four gods ( Si Shen) and the nine gods ( Jiu Shen) have crucial effect. These texts show great respect for spirits and gods but do not focus on them. They focus on both rationality of humans and the mysterious effects of spirits and gods. Therefore, these texts are not related to Mohist School which gives spirits and gods absolute power; instead they are more close to Huang-Lao Daoism. The specific term ‘Di Zhen” of religious Daoism appears in Tang Zai Chi Men. Also concepts like the four gods ( Si Shen ) and the nine gods ( Jiu Shen ) are possibly related to the ‘ Shen Ren” and‘ Zhen Ren”immortals of religious Daoism and philosophical Daoism. Therefore, the religious Daoism may have absorbed the resources from the views on spirits and gods of these early texts.%清华简《殷高宗问于三寿》和《汤在啻门》两篇文献都对鬼神非常敬重。《殷高宗问于三寿》中彭祖反复强调,让“神”与“民”均得到满足,是衡量统治者是否高明的一个重要标志。《汤在啻门》讨论了构成“人”“邦”“地”“天”的重要因素,其中“四神”和“九神”起到了重要的作用。但此二文既重视鬼神,又不惟鬼神;既重视人的理性思考,又借重鬼神作为禁忌所能产生的神秘作用,因此和将鬼神视为绝对力量的墨家无关,思想倾向更接近黄老道家。《汤在啻门》出现了“地真”这个特定的道教用语,“四神”和“九神”也很有可能和

  8. Clinical Observation on Early Treatment of Multiple Injuries of Bone and Joint with the Combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and Injury Control%血府逐瘀汤联合损伤控制技术早期救治骨关节多发伤的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王旭光; 初海滨; 鞠传宝

    2016-01-01

    Objective To sum up the curative effect of the early treatment of bone and joint injury by the combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and injury control technology. Methods Our hospital between January 2014 and December 2015 were treated 112 cases of joint multiple trauma patients as the research object of this experiment, according to the double blind method will be involved in the study of patients, divided into two different groups, two groups of patients the appellation of the control group respectively, and the team, each group of 56 patients, control group patients use the conventional methods for treatment, the team is to provide patients with therapeutic and the combined treatment of damage control technology. Results After the operation, the team with the total effective was 96.43%, signiifcantly higher than control group in patients with 85.71%, the comparison between the two groups, data signiifcant difference (P<0.05).Patients in the study group were pain stop time, swelling clearance time and hospitalization time were less than the control group patients, the difference between the groups was signiifcant. Conclusion The combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and the therapeutic joint damage control technology in the early treatment polytrauma curative effect is obvious, bone can be promoted.%目的:总结血府逐瘀汤联合损伤控制技术早期救治骨关节多发伤的疗效。方法选取本院2014年1月至2015年12月收治的112例骨关节多发伤患者作为本次实验的研究对象,根据双盲法将参与研究的患者,分为两个不同的组别,两组患者的称谓分别为对照组以及研究组,每组各56例患者,对照组的患者使用常规的方法进行治疗,研究组则为患者提供血府逐瘀汤以及损伤控制技术的联合治疗。结果手术后,研究组患者的总有效为96.43%,明显高于对照组患者的85.71%,两组间比较,数据差异显著,(P<0.05)。研究组患者疼痛停止时

  9. The SWOT Analysis of Internet -based Finance and Its Strategic Options:Taking YuˊeBao as an Example%互联网金融的 SWOT 分析及其战略选择--以余额宝为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑾; 陈丽珍; 张道海; 罗建强

    2015-01-01

    YuˊeBao is the typical representative of internet -based finance,the leader of internet finance and the typical case of service innovation activities in China.It has greatly driven interest rate marketing process and promoted the innova-tion and development of financial industry.SWOT analysis approach in strategic management is carried out to study the re-lated factors of internet -based finance strategies by taking YuˊeBao as an example.Based on the strength (earnings advan-tage,liquidity advantage,customer advantage and operating advantage),weakness (monetary fundsˊliquidity,profitability and safety weakness,network information security weakness,and customer legal dispute weakness),opportunity (innova-tion opportunity,and financial system reform opportunity)and threat of internet -based finance (being threatened threats, and more strict regulatory threats),internet -based finance strategies are proposed,including striving continuously for na-tional policyˊs support,diversifying investment,guarding against the risk with the aid of big data,guiding customers to ra-tionally choose,and fulfilling social responsibilities actively.%余额宝是互联网金融的典型代表,是引领互联网金融的排头兵,是我国服务创新活动的典型案例。它的出现极大地推动了利率市场化进程,促进了金融业的创新与发展。以余额宝为例,运用战略管理中的 SWOT 分析方法对互联网金融战略相关联因素进行分析,确定互联网金融的内部优势(收益优势、流动性优势、客户优势及操作优势)、劣势(货币基金的流动性、收益性、安全性劣势、网络信息安全劣势及与用户的法律纠纷劣势),外部机遇(创新机遇、金融体制改革机遇)以及威胁(被封杀威胁、更严格的监管威胁),进而提出继续争取国家政策的支持、多元化投资、利用大数据防范风险、引导顾客进行理性选择以及积极履行社会责任的互联网金融战略。

  10. Study on the characteristics of Yu yi′s teaching and assessment in writing A case study of fifty examples in writing teaching and assessment%从《作文讲评五十例》看于漪作文讲评的特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆桂林

    2015-01-01

    于漪是我国当代公认的教育名家,她有很丰富的教学经验。本文以其《作文讲评五十例》为中心,对其作文讲评特点进行了探析。她以学生为主体,坚持兴趣、启发、鼓励的教学原则,从讲前的辅导、讲评目的的设定,到习作的分析、讲评材料的选择,每一个环节都精心设计。教学方式灵活,课堂灵动高效,真正做到了教书育人,体现了新课程所追求的教学理念。%Yu yi is a well⁃known modern educator who has rich teaching experience in China. This article focuses on her book "Fifty Examples in Writing Teaching and Assessment", and analyses her characteristics of teaching and assessment in writ⁃ing.Using the interest, inspiration and encouragement as teaching principles, she takes the students as the main part. And she elaborates every teaching procedure, including the guidance before teaching, the set of teaching aims, the analysis of writing and the selection of teaching materials.With flexbile teaching methods, effective teaching results, Mrs Yu′s teaching reflects the ideas of the new curriculm.

  11. The Beauty of Image in Yu Guangzhong's Nostalgic poems——Case Study ofNostalgiaandFour Rhymes of Nostalgia%论余光中乡愁诗的意象美——以《乡愁》与《乡愁四韵》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周利萍; 周利林

    2015-01-01

    余光中是台湾著名的乡愁诗人,其写作的乡愁诗表达了他们那一代人对祖国的强烈思念之情.在乡愁诗的写作中,作者成功地运用意象表达了其内心的真实感情.在其乡愁诗的代表作《乡愁》和《乡愁四韵》中,作者各自选取了四个典型意象表达了他浓浓的思乡之情.其中,《乡愁》中的"邮票"、"船票"、"坟墓"和"海峡"四个意象层层递进地表达了作者在人生不同时期的乡愁,《乡愁四韵》中的"长江水"、"海棠红"、"雪花白"和"腊梅香"四个意象同时在空间中展开,表达了作者剪不断理还乱的乡愁.%Yu Guangzhong is a well-known Taiwan nostalgia poet, who expresses his strong homesick for mother country in his poems. In the writing, the poet successfully delivers his true feeling by image. In his two masterpiecesNostalgiaand Four Rhymes of Nostalgia, he respectively selects four images to express his strong homesick. In Nostalgia, the four images of stamp, ship-ticket, tomb and strait are used to tell his homesick at different ages. In Four Rhymes of Nostalgia, another four images of water in Changjiang River, cherry-apple red, snow white and wintersweet fragrance to convey the poet's helpless melancholy.

  12. Simultaneous determination of three alkaloids, four ginsenosides and limonin in the plasma of normal and headache rats after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by a novel ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method: application to a comparative pharmacokinetics and ethological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Huarong; Li, Qing; Yin, Yidi; Lv, Chunxiao; Sun, Wanyang; He, Bosai; Liu, Ran; Chen, Xiaohui; Bi, Kaishun

    2013-04-01

    A novel, sensitive and reliable ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantitation of eight main active ingredients (evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, ginsenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1) in rat plasma after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu (WZY) decoction, which is a celebrated and widely used Traditional Chinese Medicine formula for the treatment of headache. The analytes and internal standard (IS) were separated on a SHIM-PACK XR-ODS II column, and the detection was performed on a UFLC-MS/MS system with turbo ion spray source. The lower limits of quantification were 1.5, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 2.0, 1.0, 0.5 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) for evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, gensenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1, respectively. Linearity, accuracy, precision and absolute recoveries of the eight analytes were all within satisfaction. The IS-normalized matrix factor was adopted for assessing the matrix effect and accompanied with a satisfactory result. The validated method has been successfully applied to compare pharmacokinetic profiles of the eight active ingredients in rat plasma between normal and headache rats after administration. Exact pharmaceutical effect of WZY decoction on headache was demonstrated by the ethological response of headache rats induced by nitric oxide donor after administration. The results indicated that the absorption of evodiamine, rutaecarpine, gensenoside Rb1, Re and Rg1 in headache group were significantly higher than those in normal group with similar concentration-time curves while no significant differences existed in limonin and ginsenoside Rd between the two groups.

  13. 试析鄂豫皖革命根据地的灾荒救济工作——以1931年水灾为中心的考察%On the Famine Relief Work of the E-Yu-Wan Revolutionary Base Areas Inspection of the Floods in 1931

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高中华

    2012-01-01

    In 1931 the region of Jianghuai generally encountered great floods,which led to people living in distress and the rural economy on the edge of bankruptcy,further aggravating the revolutionary crisis.In the E-Yu-Wan Revolutionary Base Areas,the Soviet government under the leadership of CPC actively took a series of measures to carry out relief work,including distributing food,allocating funds,reducing tax,thus to some extent alleviated people's difficult living situation.In sharp contrast to the serious famine in the areas under leadership of Kuomintang,the communist party's practice won more people's support,and strengthened the Soviet regime's mass basis.%1931年江淮地区普遍遭遇大水灾,致使城乡民众生活窘迫,农村经济更处于破产的边缘,进而加剧了革命危机。在鄂豫皖革命根据地,中国共产党领导苏维埃政府积极开展救济工作,采取了施粥放粮、拨款救济、减免税收等一系列措施,从而一定程度上缓解了民众的生产和生活困难,并与国民党统治地区发生的严重灾荒形成了鲜明对照,从而进一步赢得了民众的支持,扩大了苏维埃政权的群众基础。

  14. Fictional Plot in Novel and Historical Narrative——On Shiba Ryotaro's Xiang Yu and Liu Bang%小说虚构与历史叙述——论司马辽太郎的《项羽与刘邦》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志松

    2012-01-01

    司马辽太郎的《项羽与刘邦》围绕秦汉时期权力/权利系统的更迭,生动地描绘了各种势力集团的明争暗斗,以及在这些争斗中各种人物的命运。作者从文化、政治、经济的角度探索历史演变的奥秘,不乏独到的见解。但历史书写的冲动又使作者抑制不住地在作品中大谈“历史观”。这些所谓的“历史观”与该小说的叙述逻辑自相矛盾,在一定程度上损害了小说的艺术性。%In Xiang Yu and Liu Bang, Shiba RyStaro vividly described the in-fighting among various blocs and the fate of various characters during a change of power and rights system. He explored the mysteries of historical evolution from the perspective of culture, politics, and economy, and included many original opinions. But on the other hand, the writer was driven by an irrepressible urge of historical writing to talk about the "view of history" in this work. This so-called "view of history" is in contradiction with the historical novel narrative, so it may be harmful to the artistic quality of the novel.

  15. 不同的文化背景,相似的悲剧命运——尤金·奥尼尔的《榆树下的欲望》和曹禺的《雷雨》之比较%Different Cultural Backgrounds yet Similar Tragic Fates——Comparison of O'Neill's Desire Under the Elms and Tsao Yu's Thunderstorm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠兰

    2007-01-01

    This paper focuses on comparing Desire Under the Elms written by the great American playwright Eugene O'Neill and Thunderstorm by the well-known Chinese playwright Tsao Yu.Though set in two different cultural backgrounds,the two dramas share many similarities in the themes,the creation of characters and the dramatic stage techniques.%本文就美国戏剧大师尤金·奥尼尔的《榆树下的欲望》和中国戏剧家曹禺的作品《雷雨》进行了比较.虽然两部戏剧发生在不同的文化背景中,但其主题、人物创造和戏剧舞台技艺却极其相似.

  16. Look at the System Semantics from the Cognate Words’ First Connection and Re Association--Taking the Words of the Ancient Labial Bang Pang Bing and Rhyme Yu Duo Yang for Instance%从同源词的初度和再度系联看语义的系统性--以上古声纽帮滂並、韵部鱼铎阳语词为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌丽君

    2014-01-01

    《同源字典》收录一组上古声纽为唇音帮滂並、韵部为鱼铎阳的词,对其进行补充性的系联,通过初度和再度系联,以期从词族的角度理解语义的系统性。%The Dictionary of Paronyms includes a group of cognate words of the ancient labial Bang Pang Bing nd rhyme Yu Duo Yang. This paper carries on the complementary linking of the words through the first connection and re association of cognate words, by which to understand the system of semantic from the word family perspective.

  17. 连萸煎剂对自发性高血压大鼠血压和心功能的影响%Influence of Lian-Yu Decoction on Blood Pressure and Cardiac Function in Spontaneous Hypertension Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚瑜光; 卜宪峥; 胡元会; 吴华芹; 冯玲; 周育平

    2008-01-01

    目的:观察连萸煎剂对自发性高血压大鼠(SHR)血压和心功能的影响.方法:将24只SHR随机分为模型组(Model)、硝苯地平组(Nif)、连萸煎剂组(LY) 3组,每组8只,以正常WKY大鼠为对照组(WKY)(n=8),共4组.WKY组和Model组给予生理盐水,Nif组给予硝苯地平溶液,中药组给予相应配伍剂量的浓煎剂,连续灌胃4周,用尾部加压法测量大鼠灌胃4周末尾动脉的收缩压,同时测量大鼠血流动力学及心功能指标.结果:与Model组比较,连萸煎剂组大鼠灌胃4周末血压水平均明显降低(P<0.01).4周后心功能参数LVSP、±dp/dtmax均有明显提高,LVEDP明显降低(P<0.01或0.05).结论:连萸煎剂能明显降低原发性高血压大鼠血压,有效改善心功能.

  18. On the Association of Song Yu's Fu with Fu of Han Dynasty on Their Spatial Narration——With the Analysis on the Types and Characteristics of Spatial Narration in Fu of Han Dynasty%宋玉辞赋与汉代散体大赋空间叙事的关联——兼论汉赋空间叙事的类型及其特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭安湘

    2016-01-01

    Song Yu played an important role in the transformation process of Chuci to Fu. Song Yu's works are closely related with Fu in Han dynasty on the following aspects: the extreme and growingly detailed numeration, the special idea and the three-dimensional space system embodied in the narration of Fu. The Fu writers in Han dynasty pushed the space narration to its maturity by combining the spatial ideas in ancient works and using the writing techniques of previous works. The space narration can be mainly classified into three types: position narration, class narration, and shift narration. The characteristics of space narration are as follows: the interdependence of space narration and time narration, the combination of realistic writing and fiction, the collaboration of surface structure and spatial idea.%宋玉在由楚辞到汉赋的文体转换过程中起到了重要的作用,尤其是其辞赋作品建构的立体空间坐标系,以及逐次相加的极度铺排、渲染所体现出的空间观念、"空间图式"成为与汉代散体大赋关联的新角度.汉赋作家综合古代空间意识及前代作品的创作经验进一步将空间叙事推向成熟.汉赋空间叙事主要有空间方位叙事、空间"连类"叙事和空间移位叙事三种主要类型,并具有空间叙事与时间叙事互为依存、征实与虚构互为补充以及表层结构与空间意义互为支撑等鲜明特征.

  19. Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel-Christiansen, Carsten

    2005-01-01

    Artiklen fremhæver den visuelle rotation - billeder, tegninger, modeller, værker - som det privilligerede medium i kommunikationen af ideer imellem skabende arkitekter......Artiklen fremhæver den visuelle rotation - billeder, tegninger, modeller, værker - som det privilligerede medium i kommunikationen af ideer imellem skabende arkitekter...

  20. Model Interpretation of Climate Signals: Application to the Asian Monsoon Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, William K. M.

    2002-01-01

    This is an invited review paper intended to be published as a Chapter in a book entitled "The Global Climate System: Patterns, Processes and Teleconnections" Cambridge University Press. The author begins with an introduction followed by a primer of climate models, including a description of various modeling strategies and methodologies used for climate diagnostics and predictability studies. Results from the CLIVAR Monsoon Model Intercomparison Project (MMIP) were used to illustrate the application of the strategies to modeling the Asian monsoon. It is shown that state-of-the art atmospheric GCMs have reasonable capability in simulating the seasonal mean large scale monsoon circulation, and response to El Nino. However, most models fail to capture the climatological as well as interannual anomalies of regional scale features of the Asian monsoon. These include in general over-estimating the intensity and/or misplacing the locations of the monsoon convection over the Bay of Bengal, and the zones of heavy rainfall near steep topography of the Indian subcontinent, Indonesia, and Indo-China and the Philippines. The intensity of convection in the equatorial Indian Ocean is generally weaker in models compared to observations. Most important, an endemic problem in all models is the weakness and the lack of definition of the Mei-yu rainbelt of the East Asia, in particular the part of the Mei-yu rainbelt over the East China Sea and southern Japan are under-represented. All models seem to possess certain amount of intraseasonal variability, but the monsoon transitions, such as the onset and breaks are less defined compared with the observed. Evidences are provided that a better simulation of the annual cycle and intraseasonal variability is a pre-requisite for better simulation and better prediction of interannual anomalies.

  1. Modelling

    CERN Document Server

    Spädtke, P

    2013-01-01

    Modeling of technical machines became a standard technique since computer became powerful enough to handle the amount of data relevant to the specific system. Simulation of an existing physical device requires the knowledge of all relevant quantities. Electric fields given by the surrounding boundary as well as magnetic fields caused by coils or permanent magnets have to be known. Internal sources for both fields are sometimes taken into account, such as space charge forces or the internal magnetic field of a moving bunch of charged particles. Used solver routines are briefly described and some bench-marking is shown to estimate necessary computing times for different problems. Different types of charged particle sources will be shown together with a suitable model to describe the physical model. Electron guns are covered as well as different ion sources (volume ion sources, laser ion sources, Penning ion sources, electron resonance ion sources, and H$^-$-sources) together with some remarks on beam transport.

  2. model

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    trie neural construction oí inoiviouo! unci communal identities in ... occurs, Including models based on Information processing,1 ... Applying the DSM descriptive approach to dissociation in the ... a personal, narrative path lhal connects personal lo ethnic ..... managed the problem in the context of the community, using a.

  3. Meet Paris in Yu Xi's Documentaries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SuSan

    2004-01-01

    "This is a documenfary porlrayal of cultural celebrities.All the 60 interviewees have devoted themselves to the greal cause of China-France cultural exchange.Today,it is highly important to stress the preservation and promotion of cultural diversity and make

  4. Ertong Zaoqi Jingxi Dongzuo Jineng yu Renzhi Fazhan de Guanxi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geng, Da; Zhang, Xingli; Shi, Jiannong

    2015-01-01

    Fine motor skills refer to any movement where an individual uses the small muscles or muscle areas of the hands and fingers; these movements serve to development of muscle while also improving the cognitive recognition of the object. Automatic fine motor skills can save limited attention resources...... for advanced cognition tasks as required by an individual; in the development of fine motor skills and cognition, the two abilities interact, some motor skills are the prerequisite for some cognition and the practice of cognition. Fine motor skills also can predict the academic performance of young students....... The two abilities are inter-related because they share common areas of the brain: the prefrontal lobe and the cerebellum. As a result, some cognition disorders could be treated through fine motor skill training and exercises....

  5. Scholarly Gentry of Ba-Yu%巴渝书香

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊恰; 刘汪洋(图)

    2008-01-01

    一城山色,十里书香。8月的重庆,来自全国各地的8万余种图书、报刊、电子音像制品和创意产品一一亮相,浓郁的书香飘逸巴渝大地。从今年开始,每年8月被确定为“重庆读书月”。

  6. On Sequencing of Senses in Han Yu Da Ci Dian:A Case Study of “Wan” and “Lian”%《汉语大词典》义项排列层级研究--以“顽”、“廉”两词为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林源

    2014-01-01

    《汉语大词典》目前所采用的单一层级的单线型义项排列形式不能很好地反映词语的历史演变过程,应按照历史发展原则与逻辑联系原则,根据词义引申发展的具体方式,增加义项排列的层级。首先,将各义项分类归并,把相近的义项归为一个大的义项群,这几组大的义项群构成义项排列的第一层级;其次,把每个义项群中的各义项按照具体的引申发展的顺序列出,构成义项排列的第二层级;最后,根据词义引申发展的实际情况,还可以再增加义项的层级,以尽可能全面、完整、准确地反映词义发展的脉络,更清楚地展现词义间的逻辑关系。%The one-fold arrangement of senses adopted by the Han Yu Da Ci Dian ( A Dictionary of Chi-nese) fails to represent the diachronic change of word-meaning.It is therefore advisable to enrich the hierarchy of sense sequencing in the light of word-meaning extensions , followed the principles of diachronic change and logical relationship:first, similar senses should be combined into sense groups , which constitute the first level of sense sequencing;secondly , in each sense group , the componential senses should be sequenced according to their extensional development , and this makes the second level of sense sequencing , and finally , more lev-els of sense sequencing can be added in view of the word-meaning extensions , so as to reflect the diachronic change of word-meaning completely and accurately , and represent the logical relationship among different sen-ses more clearly .

  7. 从川端康成到卡夫卡——余华小说创作的转型与新时期小说审美范式的变化%From Yasunari Kawabata to Kafka:Yu Hua's Shifts in Fiction Writing as Seen from the Evolution of Aesthetic Paradigms in Contemporary Chinese Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永兵

    2012-01-01

    Yu Hua has been deeply influenced by Yasunari Kawabata (1899 -1972) and Franz Kafka ( 1883 - 1924) in his fiction writing. The last two decades of the 20th century witnessed two of his shifts in writing style : one was from lyrical to narrative, and the other from imagination ( the conceptual world) to real- ity ( the real world). Neither marked a farewell to the two literary giants; rather, the two shifts made him clos- er to the inner world of Kawabata and Kafka. It happened that Yu' s literary shifts went almost side by side with the turns of aesthetic paradigms in contemporary Chinese literature. Thus Yu' s shifts mark not only his personal progress but, more importantly, the general turn of Chinese literature from emotionality to rationality, as well as its appeal for innovations and international perspectives, in a new historical period.%余华的小说创作深受川端康成和卡夫卡的影响,上个世纪八九十年代,余华经历了两次创作转型:由抒情转向叙事、从想象/观念世界走向现实/真实世界,两次转型不是告别川端康成和卡夫卡,而是更加贴近两位大师的精神世界。余华的创作转型与整个新时期文学整体审美范式的转变几乎同步进行,从川端康成到卡夫卡不只是余华一个人的创作现象,而是一种共相,是新时期文学告别感性走向理性、求变创新走向世界的诉求与标志。

  8. Research on the Individual Education Program in PE Teaching for the Mentally Disabled Children-A Sample of Mental-teaching School in Pan Yu of Guangzhou City%智障儿童IEP体育教学研究--以番禺培智学校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓芳

    2014-01-01

    运用个案研究法、田野工作法、访谈法等,对番禺培智学校实施IEP体育教学进行调查。研究发现:番禺培智学校在制定IEP体育教学计划时没有按规定程序要求进行制定,缺少长、短期教育目标的测量标准,长短期目标不全面;实施IEP体育教学时存在IEP与教学相分离的问题,学生间体育教学内容的差异性以及物质条件的缺乏,体育教师无法完成IEP的体育教学目标。因此要打破按智障程度分班的班级界限,在进行体育教学时按运动能力重组分班教学;改善体育教学的场地和器材设备,从特殊儿童的特殊需求出发采购专门的体育器材等。%This article make a investigation to the method of IEP's PE teaching with case study method, execution of work field, interview method, etc. in mental-teaching school in Pan Yu.Study found:the school hadn't follow the instruction of the plan of IEP teaching method and lacked long-term and short-term measurement standard.The IEP was separate from the teaching when put the teaching method of IEP into practice and teachers can ’t finish the teaching goal of the IEP becasue of the different of the teaching-method and the lack of the equipment. Suggestion: make a class according to the sport capicity and break the rule which form class by mental level . Improving the quality of the teaching venues and the equipment of PE; Purrchasing the sports equiment should considerate the need of the disable children.

  9. From custody to scientific therapy: Wei Yu-lin's contribution to the founding of the Peiping Municipal Psychopathic Hospital%从收容到科学治疗:魏毓麟与北平精神病疗养院的创建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范庭卫

    2013-01-01

    1908年8月,清朝民政部建贫民教养院,院内附设一所疯人院.这是中国第一所由政府设立的疯人救助机构.1917年12月,贫民教养院改组,疯人院脱离贫民教养院成为独立机构,更名为疯人收养所.在协和医学院脑系科主任雷门的推动下,协和医学院和北平社会局达成协议,于1933年合作改组疯人收养所,更名为北平精神病疗养院,由魏毓麟担任院长.在魏毓麟的主持下,精神病人的生活待遇得到了改善,建立了包括社会服务、工作治疗、心理治疗在内的精神病专业治疗体系,完成了从旧式疯人院到现代精神病院的转变.1937年,北京被日军占领后,北平精神疗养院迁址安定门外,魏毓麟继续担任院长,使精神病疗养院在艰难岁月得以维持.%In August 1908,the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the Qing Dynasty established a pauper reformatory,attached to it was a lunatic asylum,which was the first of its kind set up by the Government.In December 1917,with the restructuring of the pauper reformatory,the asylum became an independent organization called asylum for the maniac which was jointly reorganized by Peping Union Medical College (PUMC) and the Bureau of Public Welfare and renamed it as Peiping Municipal Psychopathic Hospital,with Wei Yu-lin as the director.Led by Dr.Wei Yun-lin,tremendous efforts were made to improve sanitary condition and physical comfort of the patients.Professional treatment system was set up,including psychiatric social service,occupational therapy,and psychotherapy,symbolizing the transformation of an old asylum to a modern mental hospital.

  10. The Real Suffering and Classical Feelings of Last Century:Interpretation of the Key Words of Tong Bo Yu by Guo Xiaodong%逝去时代的现实忧患与古典情怀--郭小东小说《铜钵盂》关键词解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈翠平

    2016-01-01

    Taking “blind musician”, “water trader” and “revolutionary” as key words, Guo Xiaodong's novel Tong Bo Yu tells patrilineal and matrilineal family story, displaying the overseas remittance history and Chaoshan culture of 20th century, and re-presenting the real suffering and classical feelings of the last century as well. The blind musician is the singer and disseminator of the Chaozhou ballad whose voice reveals nostalgia and individual fate. The water trader or postman is the practitioners and writers of the history of Chaoshan overseas remittance. Their life is full of compassion and faith. The revolutionary party is the subverter and thinker of Chaoshan traditional culture, their thinking presents the antinomy of violence and justice. These three kinds of identity are mutually twisted together to form the symbolic structure of the whole novel, composing a spiritual schema of Chaoshan area.%郭小东家族小说《铜钵盂》以“瞽师”“水客”“革命党”为关键词,讲述父系和母系家族的故事,书写20世纪潮汕地区的侨批史与潮汕文化,再现了一个逝去时代的现实忧患与古典情怀。瞽师是潮州歌谣的演绎者和传播者,他们的声音充盈着乡愁与命运的启应。水客批脚是潮汕侨批史的实践者和书写者,他们的人生流淌着信守与悲悯的情怀。革命党是潮汕传统文化的颠覆者和反思者,他们的思考呈现出暴力与正义的背反。三者的身份相互流转,共同形成小说整体的象征结构,谱写出潮汕地区的精神谱系。

  11. 巴西固氮螺菌中PⅡ和Pz在固氮调节中的不同作用%THE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS OF glnB AND glnZ FROM AZOSPIRILLUM BRASILENSE YU62 IN THE CONTROL OF NITROGEN FIXATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈三凤; 管乐; 应娇妍; 李周华; 王娟; 李季伦

    2001-01-01

    在巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)中,glnB和glnZ是两个高度同源基因,分别位于3.7kb/EcoRI+PstI和3.7kb/SalI的两个不同的染色体片段上.用卡那霉素盒(Kmr-cas-sette)插入法,对glnB和glnZ分别进行定位诱变,并获得相应的突变株,即glnB-和glnZ-.研究表明,glnB-突变株丧失固氮酶活性,表现为Nif-,而glnZ-象野生型菌株一样具有固氮酶活性.为了进一步研究这两个基因的功能,将glnB和glnZ分别构建在pVK100载体上形成重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ和pVK-Z,对glnB-和glnZ突变株进行互补实验,进一步证明了glnB与固氮酶活有直接相关性,而glnZ无此作用.同时,通过三亲接合法将pVK-Ⅱ和pVK-Z分别转移到巴西固氮螺菌野生型Yu62和具有一定抗铵能力的draT-突变株中,使glnB和glnZ的拷贝数增加,进一步比较它们的固氮酶活性.结果表明多拷贝的glnB基因,能显著提高固氮酶活性,而多拷贝的glnZ对固氮酶活性无影响.同时,将pVK-Ⅱ和pVK-Z分别转移到nifA-突变株中,结果表明glnB和glnZ均不能恢复nifA-的固氮酶活性.

  12. Sentence-based attention mechanisms in word learning: Evidence from a computational model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afra eAlishahi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available When looking for the referents of nouns, adults and young children are sensitive to cross- situational statistics (Yu & Smith, 2007; Smith & Yu, 2008. In addition, the linguistic context that a word appears in has been shown to act as a powerful attention mechanism for guiding sentence processing and word learning (Landau & Gleitman, 1985; Altmann & Kamide, 1999; Kako & Trueswell, 2000. Koehne & Crocker (2010, 2011 investigate the interaction between cross-situational evidence and guidance from the sentential context in an adult language learning scenario. Their studies reveal that these learning mechanisms interact in a complex manner: they can be used in a complementary way when context helps reduce referential uncertainty; they influence word learning about equally strongly when cross-situational and contextual evidence are in conflict; and contextual cues block aspects of cross-situational learning when both mechanisms are independently applicable. To address this complex pattern of findings, we present a probabilistic computational model of word learning which extends a previous cross-situational model (Fazly et al., 2010 with an attention mechanism based on sentential cues. Our model uses a framework that seamlessly combines the two sources of evidence in order to study their emerging pattern of interaction during the process of word learning. Simulations of the experiments of Koehne & Crocker (2010, 2011 reveal an overall patterns of results that are in line with their findings. Importantly, we demonstrate that our model does not need to explicitly assign priority to either source of evidence in order to produce these results: learning patterns emerge as a result of a probabilistic interaction between the two types of cues. Moreover, using a computational model allows us to examine the developmental trajectory of the differential roles of cross-situational and sentential cues in word learning.

  13. Analysis of Penetration Model for Geo-Material by Rigid Projectile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jianchun; MA Guowei; YU Maohong

    2006-01-01

    Based on the cylindrical cavity expansion theory,a plastic-damage-elastic model is proposed for the penetration problem of geo-material.In the model,the unified strength criterion (Yu,1991) is adopted as the failure criterion.The distributions of the radial stress and velocity are analyzed.According to the Newton's second law,a series results of the final penetration depth and the impedance load are obtained to different parameter b,when a rigid projectile normally impacts and penetrates a semi-infinite geo-material target with an impact velocity of 300-1 200 m/s.By comparing with the test data available,it appears that the method can be used in analyzing the final depth and the impedance load of a rigid projectile penetrating into a semi-infinite target with different impact velocities.

  14. Néron models and base change

    CERN Document Server

    Halle, Lars Halvard

    2016-01-01

    Presenting the first systematic treatment of the behavior of Néron models under ramified base change, this book can be read as an introduction to various subtle invariants and constructions related to Néron models of semi-abelian varieties, motivated by concrete research problems and complemented with explicit examples. Néron models of abelian and semi-abelian varieties have become an indispensable tool in algebraic and arithmetic geometry since Néron introduced them in his seminal 1964 paper. Applications range from the theory of heights in Diophantine geometry to Hodge theory. We focus specifically on Néron component groups, Edixhoven’s filtration and the base change conductor of Chai and Yu, and we study these invariants using various techniques such as models of curves, sheaves on Grothendieck sites and non-archimedean uniformization. We then apply our results to the study of motivic zeta functions of abelian varieties. The final chapter contains a list of challenging open questions. This book is a...

  15. Measurement and Modeling of Volatile Particle Emissions from Military Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    and ion clusters formation in aircraft plumes. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2004. 6(13): p. 3426-3436. 89 16. Yu, F.Q. and R.P. Turco ...Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 1998. 103(D20): p. 25915-25934. 17. Yu, F.Q. and R.P. Turco , The role of ions in the formation and evolution of particles...1998. 25(15): p. 2793-2796. 22. Yu, F.Q., R.P. Turco , and B. Karcher, The possible role of organics in the formation and evolution of ultrafine

  16. 原住民完全中學的實施現況與挑戰:以蘭嶼高級中學為例 The Implementation and the Challenges Involved in Indigenous Integrated Secondary Schools in Taiwan: A Case Study of Lan-Yu High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    張如慧Ju-Hui Chang

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available 建立以原住民為主體,符合原住民需求的教育體系,是原住民社區本位教育的重要理念,而此理念亦納入我國的《原住民族教育法》中。本研究以全國第一所原住民完全中學―蘭嶼高級中學為例,進行個案研究,希望由原住民社區本位教育的理論觀點出發,瞭解在地師生及居民的經驗和想法,重新解讀該校在完全中學原訂目標上的實施現況,及其面臨的挑戰。研究時間為2007年8月至2008 年7月,蒐集資料的方法以師生和社區人士的訪談為主,並輔以部分時間的田野觀察。研究結果發現,蘭嶼成立完全中學的成效包括:提供最弱勢學生的升學和學習機會;透過完全中學經費的溢注,提高城鄉高中教育均衡發展的可能性;以及透過文化融入課程與相關活動,促進學校社區化等。然而因為社區和在地參與 仍有限,所以官方的政策或經費運用,無法完全符合當地真正的需求,更遑論激發社區對教育的主體性和能動性。 Indigenous community-based education argues that indigenous peoples are the subject of educational systems and institutions whose needs should be fulfilled. This concept is also reflected in Indigenous Education Law in Taiwan. This case study is based on the theory of indigenous community-based education and focuses on the first indigenous integrated secondary school in Taiwan, Lan-Yu High School, trying to understand the implementation of the school and the challenges it faced. The research was conducted from August 2007 to July 2008. Its data was collected through interviews with teachers, students, and community members, as well as by participant observation. The findings showed that the integrated secondary school improved educational equality for the most disadvantaged students, that the financial subsidies helped to promote balanced development of secondary education, and that

  17. The Preliminary Study on Benchmark- Price of the Collective Land in Village---Take LiangYu Village in Anhui Province as an Example%农村集体建设用地基准地价初步研究——以安徽省良玉村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    揣小伟; 黄贤金; 许益林

    2012-01-01

    以安徽省良玉村为例,对农村集体建设用地的地价内涵、估价方法、地价影响因素进行了研究,并从6个方面选取了影响土地价格最为密切的17个因子,采用层次分析法定级,其定级综合分值位于0.35—0.65之间,土地等级被划分为四个,主要评价单元属于二级水平。考虑集体建设用地的特点,采用收益还原法、成本逼近法、市场比较法计算样点地价,并采用平均值法分别确定商业用地、住宅用地、工业用地的基准地价。结果表明:对于商业用地和住宅用地,一级土地和二级土地之间的价格差异最大,其余各级土地之间的地价差异依次递减,表明土地质量越好,价格反映越敏感。同级土地价格变化范围的差异:商业用地价格级差大于住宅用地,住宅用地大于工业用地,表明与城镇建设用地相同,集体建设用地地价对土地质量敏感性的反应也是商业用地〉住宅用地〉工业用地。%Take LiangYu village in AnHui Province as an example, the land price connotation, estimating method and the influenced factors to the collective construction land in village had been studied. This paper had chosen 17 factors in 6 aspects which affect land quality and land grade closely, using the method of AHP, the value for land grade was calculated between 0.35 and 0.65, and according to the calculated values, four land grades had been divided, most of the evaluation units belonged to the second grade. This paper used the income capitalization method, the direct sales comparison method and the cost approximation method to calculate the sample land price, and according to the calculated results, benchmark-price had been made to commercial land, residential land and industrial land respectively. The results showed that: the price between the first and the second land grade had much difference to commercial land and residential land, the Benchmark

  18. 襄渝线HXD1型电力机车牵引性能仿真及试验研究%Simulation and Test Study on the Traction Performance of HXD1 Electric Locomotive on Xiang-Yu Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张波

    2012-01-01

    Simulation and line test on typical mountain railway of Xiang-Yu Line were conducted to study the feasibility and concerning problems for the operation of HXd1 (9 600 kW 8-axle locomotive) on line with long steep grades, based on which, reasonable tonnage of traction for this type of locomotive was provided for hauling freight train on typical mountain railway in western China. Study results show that the tonnage of traction for this type of locomotive should be no more than 4 500 t for line with 12. 8‰ gradient. Under fine weather condition, the adhesion utilization of the locomotive is good, operations such as starting on slopes, stopping and starting at stations with difficult conditions can be successfully completed. But the traction force is applied to the utmost and slight slips are found. Operations including starting on slopes and operating in stations with difficult conditions are suggested to be avoided under unfavorable adhesion conditions, such as, light rain, dense fog and so on. Compared with DC driven locomotives, when hauling freight train of same weight, AC driven locomotives can save 33. 6% energy. Moreover, the restoration of locomotive after neutral section is proved to be slow, which does not satisfy the requirement of quick restoration for operation on line with long steep grades. It is suggested to optimize the control logic of locomotive's neutral section passing.%选取典型山区铁路襄渝线,采用仿真计算和线路试验相结合的方法,研究HXD1型8轴9 600 kW电力机车在山区铁路长大坡道地段应用的可能性及存在的问题,确定该型机车牵引货物列车在西部典型线路上运行时合理的牵引定数.结果表明:在坡度为12.8‰的坡道上,该型机车的牵引定数不宜超过4 500 t;在天气良好的情况下,该型机车的黏着利用较好,能够在限制坡道起动,在困难车站完成出站等作业,但牵引力已经用到最大,并出现了轻微空转;建议在小雨、大

  19. Evaluation Models for E-Learning Platform in Riyadh City Universities (RCU with Applied of Geographical Information System (GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulaziz I. Alharrah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available E-learning that integrates digital knowledge content, network and information technology has become an emerging learning method. As the e-learning platform approach is becoming an important tool to allow the flexibility and quality requested by such a kind of learning process. There is a new kind of problem faced by organizations consisting in the selection of the most suitable e-learning platform. This paper proposes evaluation model for E-Learning platform in Riyadh City universities (RCU with Applied Geographic Information System (GIS. The E-Learning platform solution selection is a multiple criteria decision-making problem that needs to be addressed objectively taking into consideration the relative weights of the criteria for any organization. We formulate the quoted multi criteria problem as a decision hierarchy to be solved using GIS. AGIS-based evaluation index system and web-based evaluating platform were established. In this paper we will show the general evaluation strategy and some obtained results using our model to evaluate some existing commercial platforms.The results of evaluation model are outlined as follows: Total weights of the proposed framework in management feature is 20.25/25, in collaborative feature is 9.2/10, in adaption learning path is 6.8/10 and in interactive learning object is 5/5. The total weights of all features are 41.25/50. In this study an evaluation model was applied on Riyadh City universities like KSU, IMAMU, NAUSS, YU and FU. Then, the results were compared with each other. The total weighs of KSU was 41. While the total weights of FU, IMAMU, YU and NAUSS was 40, 37, 36 and 32, respectively. Evaluation process shows that the proposed framework satisfied the objectives with applied GIS.

  20. Testing recent charge-on-spring type polarizable water models. I. Melting temperature and ice properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiss, Péter T.; Bertsyk, Péter; Baranyai, András

    2012-11-01

    We determined the freezing point of eight molecular models of water. All models use the charge-on-spring (COS) method to express polarization. The studied models were the COS/G2, COS/G3 [H. Yu and W. F. van Gunsteren, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 9549 (2004), 10.1063/1.1805516], the COS/B2 [H. Yu, T. Hansson, and W. F. van Gunsteren, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 221 (2003), 10.1063/1.1523915], the SWM4-DP [G. Lamoureux, A. D. MacKerell, Jr., and B. Roux, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 5185 (2003), 10.1063/1.1598191], the SWM4-NDP [G. Lamoureux, E. Harder, I. V. Vorobyov, B. Roux, and A. D. MacKerell, Jr., Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 245 (2006), 10.1016/j.cplett.2005.10.135], and three versions of our model, the BKd1, BKd2, and BKd3. The BKd1 is the original Gaussian model [P. T. Kiss, M. Darvas, A. Baranyai, and P. Jedlovszky, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 114706 (2012), 10.1063/1.3692602] with constant polarization and with a simple exponential repulsion. The BKd2 applies field-dependent polarizability [A. Baranyai and P. T. Kiss, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 234110 (2011), 10.1063/1.3670962], while the BKd3 model has variable size to approximate the temperature-density (T-ρ) curve of water [P. T. Kiss and A. Baranyai, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 084506 (2012), 10.1063/1.4746419]. We used the thermodynamic integration (TI) and the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation to determine the equality of the free energy for liquid water and hexagonal ice (Ih) at 1 bar. We used the TIP4P and the SPC/E models as reference systems of the TI. The studied models severely underestimate the experimental melting point of ice Ih. The calculated freezing points of the models are the following: COS/G2, 215 K; COS/G3, 149 K; SWM4-DP, 186 K; BKd1, 207 K; BKd2, 213 K; BKd3, 233 K. The freezing temperature of the SWM4-NDP system is certainly below 120 K. It might even be that the water phase is more stable than the ice Ih at 1 bar in the full temperature range. The COS/B2 model melts below 100 K. The best result was obtained for the BKd3 model which

  1. 胡仔与严羽诗学观之比较——以《苕溪渔隐丛话》与《沧浪诗话》为视角%Comparison of the Poetics of Hu Zi and Yan Yu Based on "Series of Poetic Notes Taken by the Recluse of the Brook Tiao" and "Cang Lang Notes on Poetry"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷海卫

    2011-01-01

    "Series of Poetic Notes Taken by the Recluse of the Brook Tiao" (《苕溪渔隐丛话》) is one of the top three poetry collections of Song Dynasty, " Cang Lang Notes on Poetry"(《沧浪诗话》)is one of the best three poetry anthologies of Song Dynasty. Both Hu Zi and Yah Yu led a great comprehensive summary and a deep reflection. Poetics of both are identical: thinking highly of literary writings of Qu Yuan, poetries of dynasties Han, Wei, Jin and Tang, pursuit of beauty for ensemble and the beauty introverted, with creations emphasized. There are also some differences in their points Song Dynasty, the view they hold of characters, and the promote the self-construction of the criticism system of the of view : attitudes of criticism towards the poetries of profundity of their personal style. They two truly poetics of Song Dynasty.%《苕溪渔隐丛话》是宋代三大诗话总集之一,《沧浪诗话》是宋代三大诗话别集之一。胡、严二人都对宋代诗学进行了全面总结和深刻反思。他们的诗学观既有相合处:如推崇诗骚、汉魏、晋、盛唐,追求诗歌的整体美与含蓄美,注重创新等;也有差异处:对宋诗的批评态度不同,二人提出的师法对象有别,以体派论诗的精深度有别等。他们促进了宋代诗学批评理论体系自身的建构。

  2. 马克思文化人类学视角下的非物质文化遗产表演艺术传承研究——以广东郁南禾楼舞为例%Non-material cultural heritage for the performing arts under the Marx's culture anthropological perspective——take Guangdong Yu 'nan Qiao-he dance, for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓辉

    2015-01-01

    The intangible cultural heritage has "rheology" features, the protection of it is urgent, the theory study of it is imminent. Many modern scholars adopt not mature theory, cannot effectively guide and protect intangible cultural heritage. In the face of this situation, we apply the Marxist theoretical analysis, especially targeted choose national nonmaterial cultural heritage - Guangdong Yu 'nan Qiao-he dance, such a typical case. As researchers in local culture, it is necessary to produce this kind of cultural consciousness, we have a responsibility to also have the mission guard this precious non-material cultural heritage of the history, present and future.%非物质文化遗产有着"流变性"的特性,对它的保护是刻不容缓的,对它的理论研究也是迫在眉睫的.当前众多非物质文化遗产研究的学者采用的多是没有被充分论证的不成熟理论,对指导和保护非物质文化遗产起不到应有的作用.面对此种现实情况,我们应尽快运用马克思这样科学性理论视角来进行分析,尤其是有针对性选择国家非物质文化遗产—广东郁南禾楼舞这样的典型个案展开论述.作为地方文化研究者,产生这种文化自觉是必要的,我们有责任也有使命守护着这份宝贵的非物质文化遗产的历史、现在以及未来.

  3. Wind waves modelling on the water body with coupled WRF and WAVEWATCH III models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsova, Alexandra; Troitskaya, Yuliya; Kandaurov, Alexander; Baydakov, Georgy; Vdovin, Maxim; Papko, Vladislav; Sergeev, Daniil

    2015-04-01

    considered cases, wave amplitude characteristics calculated with constant wind input were overestimated, and spectral maxima showed the downshifting comparing with the measured data. WRF wind input improved the coincidence, but extra tuning of WAVEWATCH III model is required. To conclude, we discuss the applicability of WRF wind input: it increases the accuracy of the simulations and makes possible the application of this technique for getting the forecasts of wind over all the water bodies and surface wind waves on it. Also the conclusion of necessity of the new parameterization of flux for wind wave modelling in inland reservoirs and lakes is made. The work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under Grant No. 13-05-97068, RFBR grant 14-05-31343, President Grant for young scientists MK-3550.2014.5, RSF 14-17-00667. References [1] Shuyi S. Chen, Wei Zhao, Mark A. Donelan, and Hendrik L. Tolman, 2013: Directional Wind-Wave Coupling in Fully Coupled Atmosphere-Wave-Ocean Models: Results from CBLAST-Hurricane.// J. Atmos. Sci., 70, 3198-3215. [2] Yu. Troitskaya, A. Kuznetsova, D. Zenkovich, V. Papko, A. Kandaurov, G. Baidakov, M. Vdovin, D. Sergeev. "Modelling od wind waves on the lake-like basin of Gorky Reservoir with WAVEWATCH III"//Geophysical Research Abstract, 2014. V.16. EGU2014-5053-3. [3] Yu.I. Troiotskaya, D.A. Sergeev, A.A. Kandaurov, G.A. Baidakov, M.A. Vdovin, and V.I. Kazakov. Laboratory and theoretical modeling of air-sea momentum transfer under severe wind conditions// Journal of Geophysical Research, 2012, 117, C00J21.

  4. Evaluation of a size-resolved aerosol model based on satellite and ground observations and its implication on aerosol forcing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xiaoyan; Yu, Fangqun

    2016-04-01

    The latest AeroCom phase II experiments have showed a large diversity in the simulations of aerosol concentrations, size distribution, vertical profile, and optical properties among 16 detailed global aerosol microphysics models, which contribute to the large uncertainty in the predicted aerosol radiative forcing and possibly induce the distinct climate change in the future. In the last few years, we have developed and improved a global size-resolved aerosol model (Yu and Luo, 2009; Ma et al., 2012; Yu et al., 2012), GEOS-Chem-APM, which is a prognostic multi-type, multi-component, size-resolved aerosol microphysics model, including state-of-the-art nucleation schemes and condensation of low volatile secondary organic compounds from successive oxidation aging. The model is one of 16 global models for AeroCom phase II and participated in a couple of model inter-comparison experiments. In this study, we employed multi-year aerosol optical depth (AOD) data from 2004 to 2012 taken from ground-based Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) measurements and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) and Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) satellite retrievals to evaluate the performance of the GEOS-Chem-APM in predicting aerosol optical depth, including spatial distribution, reginal variation and seasonal variabilities. Compared to the observations, the modelled AOD is overall good over land, but quite low over ocean possibly due to low sea salt emission in the model and/or higher AOD in satellite retrievals, specifically MODIS and MISR. We chose 72 AERONET sites having at least 36 months data available and representative of high spatial domain to compare with the model and satellite data. Comparisons in various representative regions show that the model overall agrees well in the major anthropogenic emission regions, such as Europe, East Asia and North America. Relative to the observations, the modelled AOD is

  5. Dynamic Model of Mesoscale Eddies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubovikov, Mikhail S.

    2003-04-01

    Oceanic mesoscale eddies which are analogs of well known synoptic eddies (cyclones and anticyclones), are studied on the basis of the turbulence model originated by Dubovikov (Dubovikov, M.S., "Dynamical model of turbulent eddies", Int. J. Mod. Phys.B7, 4631-4645 (1993).) and further developed by Canuto and Dubovikov (Canuto, V.M. and Dubovikov, M.S., "A dynamical model for turbulence: I. General formalism", Phys. Fluids8, 571-586 (1996a) (CD96a); Canuto, V.M. and Dubovikov, M.S., "A dynamical model for turbulence: II. Sheardriven flows", Phys. Fluids8, 587-598 (1996b) (CD96b); Canuto, V.M., Dubovikov, M.S., Cheng, Y. and Dienstfrey, A., "A dynamical model for turbulence: III. Numerical results", Phys. Fluids8, 599-613 (1996c)(CD96c); Canuto, V.M., Dubovikov, M.S. and Dienstfrey, A., "A dynamical model for turbulence: IV. Buoyancy-driven flows", Phys. Fluids9, 2118-2131 (1997a) (CD97a); Canuto, V.M. and Dubovikov, M.S., "A dynamical model for turbulence: V. The effect of rotation", Phys. Fluids9, 2132-2140 (1997b) (CD97b); Canuto, V.M., Dubovikov, M.S. and Wielaard, D.J., "A dynamical model for turbulence: VI. Two dimensional turbulence", Phys. Fluids9, 2141-2147 (1997c) (CD97c); Canuto, V.M. and Dubovikov, M.S., "Physical regimes and dimensional structure of rotating turbulence", Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 666-669 (1997d) (CD97d); Canuto, V.M., Dubovikov, M.S. and Dienstfrey, A., "Turbulent convection in a spectral model", Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 662-665 (1997e) (CD97e); Canuto, V.M. and Dubovikov, M.S., "A new approach to turbulence", Int. J. Mod. Phys.12, 3121-3152 (1997f) (CD97f); Canuto, V.M. and Dubovikov, M.S., "Two scaling regimes for rotating Raleigh-Benard convection", Phys. Rev. Letters78, 281-284, (1998) (CD98); Canuto, V.M. and Dubovikov, M.S., "A dynamical model for turbulence: VII. The five invariants for shear driven flows", Phys. Fluids11, 659-664 (1999a) (CD99a); Canuto, V.M., Dubovikov, M.S. and Yu, G., "A dynamical model for turbulence: VIII. IR and UV

  6. Modelling Organizational Preservation Goals to Guide Digital Preservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Dappert

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an extended and updated version of the work reported at iPres 2008. Digital preservation activities can only succeed if they go beyond the technical properties of digital objects. They must consider the strategy, policy, goals, and constraints of the institution that undertakes them and take into account the cultural and institutional framework in which data, documents and records are preserved. Furthermore, because organizations differ in many ways, a one-size-fits-all approach cannot be appropriate. Fortunately, organizations involved in digital preservation have created documents describing their policies, strategies, work-flows, plans, and goals to provide guidance. They also have skilled staff who are aware of sometimes unwritten considerations. Within Planets (Farquhar & Hockx-Yu, 2007, a four-year project co-funded by the European Union to address core digital preservation challenges, we have analyzed preservation guiding documents and interviewed staff from libraries, archives, and data centres that are actively engaged in digital preservation. This paper introduces a conceptual model for expressing the core concepts and requirements that appear in preservation guiding documents. It defines a specific vocabulary that institutions can reuse for expressing their own policies and strategies. In addition to providing a conceptual framework, the model and vocabulary support automated preservation planning tools through an XML representation.

  7. Comparative Study of Discourse Makers “yeah/yes”and “dui”from the Perspective of Multimodal Discourse Analysis:Taking Oprah Winfrey Show and Lu Yu You Yue as Examples%话语标记语“yeah/yes”与“对”的多模态话语对比分析--以电视访谈节目《奥普拉秀》和《鲁豫有约》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵颖; 张存颖

    2015-01-01

    随着多媒体技术的发展,人们发现单纯从语言角度已经不能对话语展开深入全面的分析和研究。话语标记语作为一种语言模态已不仅仅以文本模式出现,而是和图像、声音、动作、颜色等多种模态同时出现,共同完成语篇衔接的构建。本研究以《奥普拉秀》和《鲁豫有约》为研究对象,自建两个节目的文本和图片语料库,从多模态话语分析视角对比研究英、汉两种语言使用话语标记语的情况。研究发现英、汉话语标记语在话轮、接触及手势的运用上差异不大,在社会距离及视点的选取上存在显著性差异。%With the development of multimedia technology,people find it impossible to conduct an intensive and compre-hensive analysis on discourses simply from the perspective of language.Discourse Makers as a kind of language mode, not only appear in text mode,but also appear simultaneously with other modes to complete the construction of discourse cohesion,such as:image,sound,action and color,etc.In this study,Oprah Winfrey Show and Lu Yu You Yue are used as the research objects,and corpus of words and pictures are built based on the two TV programs in order to make a com-parative study of English and Chinese discourse makers from the perspective of multimodal discourse analysis.The study found that the differences between English and Chinese makers are not significant in such aspects as:turn,contact,and gesture;while the differences in social distance and perspective are significant.

  8. 谈《马氏文通》到《新著国语文法》前中国的语法研究(下)--纪念劭西师《新著国语文法》出版九十年%Chinese Grammar Study:from"MaShiWenTong"(《马氏文通》)to"XinZhuGuoYuWenFa"(《新著国语文法》)(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙良明

    2015-01-01

    1898《马氏文通》到1924《新著国语文法》前中国语法研究分两个阶段。本文上篇谈前段“词本位”体系文法,已发表于本刊总第19辑。这里属下篇,谈后段“句本位”体系文法。“句本位”体系文法初建的原因和条件:国语运动的胜利,代替文言成为正式书面语;国外语言学类型理论、重句法文法体系引进,文法研究方法和文法与逻辑关系探索。所建体系基本内容:文法研究重视句中词的位置次序,以句子的结构和类型研究为重点。分词法(词类)、句法两部门,前者为后者服务;文法单位有词、语、句三级。词类继承前段研究分九品,继用“假借”说,说明词的转类;提出按句法成分位置辨分词品。句子整体结构分主语谓语:主语可含形容性附加语;谓语可含副词性附加语,谓语动词可带宾语、足语;谓语形容词和同动词后成分是表语。谈说句成分所任词语种类、变化和句子结构简式、复式及相互转化。认识句法结构蕴含语义关系并注意二者的结合分析。句子类型,按组织结构分单句、复句;按语气分直述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。用表格法、图解法显示文法分析结果。行文有“附则”、“注意”,配合正文又适合教学需要。书后附标点符号用法,表现语法与标点符号关系密切;也反映新文化运动胜利,国语代替文言的一个成果。“句本位”文法体系的初建,是1922—1923年多位学者多年辛苦探索的成果;也为由《马氏文通》“词本位”科学体系发展为《新著》“句本位”科学体系奠定了基础。%From 1898’s“MaShiWenTong”(《马氏文通》)to 1924’s“XinZhu GuoYuWenFa”(《新著国语文法》), Chinese grammar study is divided into two stages. The first part of this article talks about the first stage: the generation of word based

  9. Modeling of Ionosphere Effects of Geomagnetic Storm Sequence on September 9-14, 2005 in View of Solar Flares and Dependence of Model Input Parameters from AE-and Kp-indices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimenko, Maxim; Klimenko, Vladimir; Ratovsky, Konstantin; Goncharenko, Larisa

    -848. Feshchenko E.Yu., Maltsev Yu.P. Relations of the polar cap voltage to the geophysical activity. Physics of Auroral Phenomena: XXVI Annual Seminar (February 25-28, 2003): Proc./PGI KSC RAS. Apatity, 2003, 59-61. Klimenko M.V., Klimenko V.V., Ratovsky K.G., and Goncharenko L.P. Numerical modeling of ionospheric parameters during sequence of geomagnetic storms on September 9-14, 2005. Physics of Auroral Phenomena: XXXII Annual Seminar (March 3-6, 2009): Proc./PGI KSC RAS. Apatity, 2009, 162-165. Namgaladze A.A., Korenkov Yu.N., Klimenko V.V., Karpov I.V., Bessarab F.S., Surotkin V.A., Glushenko T.A., Naumova N.M. Global model of the thermosphere-ionosphere-protonosphere system. Pure and Applied Geophysics (PAGEOPH), 1988, Vol. 127, No. 2/3, 219-254. Sojka J.J., Schunk R.W., Denig W.F. Ionospheric response to the sustained high geomagnetic activity during the March '89 great storm. J. Geophys. Res., 1994, Vol. 99, No. A11, 21341-21352. Zhang Y., Paxton L.J. An empirical Kp-dependent global auroral model based on TIMED/GUVI FUV data. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 2008, Vol. 70, 1231-1242.

  10. Numerical Modeling of Auroral and Equatorial Electrojet Behavior during Geomagnetic Storm Sequence on September 9-14, 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimenko, Maxim; Klimenko, Vladimir

    , 2001. Sci. China Ser. E-Tech. Sci., 2008, Vol. 51, No. 7, 842-848. Feshchenko E.Yu., Maltsev Yu.P. Relations of the polar cap voltage to the geophysical activity. Physics of Auroral Phenomena: XXVI Annual Seminar (February 25-28, 2003): Proc./PGI KSC RAS. Apatity, 2003, 59-61. Klimenko M.V., Klimenko V.V., Bryukhanov V.V. Numerical Simulation of the Electric Field and Zonal Current in the Earth's Ionosphere: The Dynamo Field and Equatorial Electrojet. Geomagn. Aeron. 2006, Vol. 46, No. 4, 457-466. Namgaladze A.A., Korenkov Yu.N., Klimenko V.V., Karpov I.V., Bessarab F.S., Surotkin V.A., Glushenko T.A., Naumova N.M. Global model of the thermosphere-ionosphere-protonosphere system. Pure and Applied Geophysics (PAGEOPH), 1988, Vol. 127, No. 2/3, 219-254. Sojka J.J., Schunk R.W., Denig W.F. Ionospheric response to the sustained high geomagnetic activity during the March '89 great storm. J. Geophys. Res., 1994, Vol. 99, No. A11, 21341-21352. Zhang Y., Paxton L.J. An empirical Kp-dependent global auroral model based on TIMED/GUVI FUV data. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 2008, Vol. 70, 1231-1242.

  11. MODELING OF MESO-SCALE STRUCTURES IN PARTICLE-FLUID SYSTEMS: THE EMMS/CFD APPROACH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning Yang; Wei Wang; Wei Ge; Jinghai Li

    2005-01-01

    Meso-scale structures existing in the form of particle-rich clusters, streamers or strands in circulating fluidized beds, and of ascending bubble plumes and descending liquid-rich vortices in bubble columns and slurry-bed reactors, as commonly observed, have played an important role in the macro-scale behavior of particle-fluid systems. These meso-scale structures span a wide range of length and time scales, and their origin, evolution and influence are still far from being well understood.Recent decades have witnessed the emergence of computer simulation of particle-fluid systems based on computational fluid dynamic (CFD) models. However, strictly speaking these models are far from mature and the complex nature of particle-fluid systems arising from the meso-scale structures has been posing great challenges to investigators. The reason may be that the current two-fluid models (TFM) are derived either from continuum mechanics by using different kinds of averaging techniques for the conservation equations of single-phase flow, or from the kinetic theory of gases in which the assumption of molecular chaos is employed, thereby losing sight of the meso-scale heterogeneity at the scale of computational cells and leading to inaccurate calculation of the interaction force between particles and fluids. For example, the overall drag force for particles in a cell is usually calculated from the empirical Wen & Yu/Ergun correlations,which should be suspected since these correlations were originally derived from homogeneous systems.Schemes to solve this problem for gas-particles systems may be classified into four categories. First, one could capture the detailed meso-scale structure information at the cell scale by employing the so-called direct numerical simulation (DNS) (Hu, 1996), the pseudo-particle modeling (PPM) (Ge & Li, 2003), or the Lattice-Boltzmann method (LBM) to track the interface between gas and particles. Second, refinement of the computational meshes may

  12. Temperature field modeling during multi-modes CO 2 laser irradiation of human enamel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihai, Oane; Scarlat, Florea; Mihailescu, Ion N.

    2007-04-01

    We examine the temperature fields of human enamel [Yu D, Fox JL, Hsu J, Lynn Powell G, Higuchi WI. Computer simulation of surface temperature profiles during CO 2 laser irradiation of human enamel. Opt Eng 1993; 32(2)] during multi-modes CO 2 laser irradiation. For this we use the integral transform method as well as direct and inverse Laplace transform [Oane M, Sporea D. Temperature profiles modeling in IR optical components during high power laser irradiation. Infrared Phys Technol 2001; 42(1): 31-40; Oane M, Sporea D. Study of heat transfer in IR optical components during CO 2 laser irradiation. Proc SPIE 2001; 4430: 898-904; Oane M. Mathematical modeling of the thermal field distributions in solids under multiple laser irradiations. Proc SPIE 2003; 5227: 329-34; Oane M, Apostol I, Timcu A. Temperature field modeling in laser heated metals for laser cleaning of surfaces. Proc SPIE 2003; 5227: 323-8]. The enamel block is modeled as homogeneous cylinder in three dimensions. Results indicate that (i) the thermal field depends on multi-modes structure; (ii) heat transfer coefficient plays an important role in temperature distribution.

  13. Modeling compositional dynamics based on GC and purine contents of protein-coding sequences

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Zhang

    2010-11-08

    Background: Understanding the compositional dynamics of genomes and their coding sequences is of great significance in gaining clues into molecular evolution and a large number of publically-available genome sequences have allowed us to quantitatively predict deviations of empirical data from their theoretical counterparts. However, the quantification of theoretical compositional variations for a wide diversity of genomes remains a major challenge.Results: To model the compositional dynamics of protein-coding sequences, we propose two simple models that take into account both mutation and selection effects, which act differently at the three codon positions, and use both GC and purine contents as compositional parameters. The two models concern the theoretical composition of nucleotides, codons, and amino acids, with no prerequisite of homologous sequences or their alignments. We evaluated the two models by quantifying theoretical compositions of a large collection of protein-coding sequences (including 46 of Archaea, 686 of Bacteria, and 826 of Eukarya), yielding consistent theoretical compositions across all the collected sequences.Conclusions: We show that the compositions of nucleotides, codons, and amino acids are largely determined by both GC and purine contents and suggest that deviations of the observed from the expected compositions may reflect compositional signatures that arise from a complex interplay between mutation and selection via DNA replication and repair mechanisms.Reviewers: This article was reviewed by Zhaolei Zhang (nominated by Mark Gerstein), Guruprasad Ananda (nominated by Kateryna Makova), and Daniel Haft. 2010 Zhang and Yu; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

  14. Nonlinear bifurcations of psychological stress negotiation: new properties of a formal dynamical model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Lawrence R; Yao, Weiguang; McGuire, George; Vollick, Dan N; Jette, Jennifer; Shanahan, Matthew J; Hay, James M; Neufeld, Richard W J

    2012-10-01

    Dynamical systems analysis is applied to a nonlinear model of stress and coping (Neufeld, 1999). The model is composed of 6 order parameters and 11 control parameters, and integrates core constructs of the topic domain, including variants of cognitive appraisal, differential stress susceptibility, stress activation, and coping propensity. In part owing to recent advances in Competitive Modes Theory (Yao, Yu & Essex, 2002), previously intractable but substantively significant dynamical properties of the 6-dimensional model are identified. They include stable and unstable fixed-point equilibria (higher-dimensional saddle-node bifurcation), oscillatory patterns attending fixed-point de-stabilization, and chaotic behaviors. Examination of the nature of system fixed-point de-stabilization, in relation to its control parameters, unveils mechanisms of re-stabilization, and dynamic stability control. All identified dynamics emerge naturally from a system whose construction guideposts are lodged in the addressed content domain. Dynamical complexities therefore may be intrinsic to the present content domain, possibly no less so than in other disciplines where the presence of such attributes has been established.

  15. A Bootstrapping Model of Frequency and Context Effects in Word Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kachergis, George; Yu, Chen; Shiffrin, Richard M

    2017-04-01

    Prior research has shown that people can learn many nouns (i.e., word-object mappings) from a short series of ambiguous situations containing multiple words and objects. For successful cross-situational learning, people must approximately track which words and referents co-occur most frequently. This study investigates the effects of allowing some word-referent pairs to appear more frequently than others, as is true in real-world learning environments. Surprisingly, high-frequency pairs are not always learned better, but can also boost learning of other pairs. Using a recent associative model (Kachergis, Yu, & Shiffrin, 2012), we explain how mixing pairs of different frequencies can bootstrap late learning of the low-frequency pairs based on early learning of higher frequency pairs. We also manipulate contextual diversity, the number of pairs a given pair appears with across training, since it is naturalistically confounded with frequency. The associative model has competing familiarity and uncertainty biases, and their interaction is able to capture the individual and combined effects of frequency and contextual diversity on human learning. Two other recent word-learning models do not account for the behavioral findings. Copyright © 2016 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  16. Chuancheng yu gengxin: Liu Mei sheng yu Minguo shiqi de shixue%传承与更新:留美生与民国时期的史学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春雷

    2008-01-01

    @@ As it has long been acknowledged that historians do not simply write objectivehistories, but are themselves products of Specific times and places, there is littlequestion that histories of historiography can provide important insights. ProfessorLi Chunlei, of Tianjin Polytechnic University, contributes to our understandingof the origins of the modem discipline of history in China by focusing on theimportant role of returned students from the U.S. in fostering its developmentand shaping its direction.

  17. Testing the recent charge-on-spring type polarizable water models. II. Vapor-liquid equilibrium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiss, Péter T.; Baranyai, András

    2012-11-01

    We studied the vapor-liquid coexistence region of seven molecular models of water. All models use the charge-on-spring (COS) method to express polarization. The studied models were the COS/G2, COS/G3 [H. Yu and W. F. van Gunsteren, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 9549 (2004), 10.1063/1.1805516], the SWM4-DP [G. Lamoureux, A. D. MacKerell, Jr., and B. Roux, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 5185 (2003), 10.1063/1.1598191], the SWM4-NDP [G. Lamoureux, E. Harder, I. V. Vorobyov, B. Roux, and A. D. MacKerell, Jr., Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 245 (2006), 10.1016/j.cplett.2005.10.135], and three versions of our model, the BKd1, BKd2, and BKd3. The BKd1 is the original Gaussian model [P. T. Kiss, M. Darvas, A. Baranyai, and P. Jedlovszky, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 114706 (2012), 10.1063/1.3692602] with constant polarization and with a simple exponential repulsion. The BKd2 applies field-dependent polarizability [A. Baranyai and P. T. Kiss, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 234110 (2011), 10.1063/1.3670962], while the BKd3 model has variable size to approximate the temperature-density (T-ρ) curve of water [P. T. Kiss and A. Baranyai, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 194102 (2012), 10.1063/1.4767063]. We calculated the second virial coefficient, the heat of vaporization, equilibrium vapor pressure, the vapor-liquid coexistence curve, and the surface tension in terms of the temperature. We determined and compared the critical temperatures, densities, and pressures of the models. We concluded that the high temperature slope of the (T-ρ) curve accurately predicts the critical temperature. We found that Gaussian charge distributions have clear advantages over the point charges describing the critical region. It is impossible to describe the vapor-liquid coexistence properties consistently with nonpolarizable models, even if their critical temperature is correct.

  18. Testing the recent charge-on-spring type polarizable water models. II. Vapor-liquid equilibrium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiss, Péter T; Baranyai, András

    2012-11-21

    We studied the vapor-liquid coexistence region of seven molecular models of water. All models use the charge-on-spring (COS) method to express polarization. The studied models were the COS∕G2, COS∕G3 [H. Yu and W. F. van Gunsteren, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 9549 (2004)], the SWM4-DP [G. Lamoureux, A. D. MacKerell, Jr., and B. Roux, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 5185 (2003)], the SWM4-NDP [G. Lamoureux, E. Harder, I. V. Vorobyov, B. Roux, and A. D. MacKerell, Jr., Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 245 (2006)], and three versions of our model, the BKd1, BKd2, and BKd3. The BKd1 is the original Gaussian model [P. T. Kiss, M. Darvas, A. Baranyai, and P. Jedlovszky, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 114706 (2012)] with constant polarization and with a simple exponential repulsion. The BKd2 applies field-dependent polarizability [A. Baranyai and P. T. Kiss, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 234110 (2011)], while the BKd3 model has variable size to approximate the temperature-density (T-ρ) curve of water [P. T. Kiss and A. Baranyai, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 194102 (2012)]. We calculated the second virial coefficient, the heat of vaporization, equilibrium vapor pressure, the vapor-liquid coexistence curve, and the surface tension in terms of the temperature. We determined and compared the critical temperatures, densities, and pressures of the models. We concluded that the high temperature slope of the (T-ρ) curve accurately predicts the critical temperature. We found that Gaussian charge distributions have clear advantages over the point charges describing the critical region. It is impossible to describe the vapor-liquid coexistence properties consistently with nonpolarizable models, even if their critical temperature is correct.

  19. An Integrated Framework to Access and Mine Distributed Heterogeneous Data Streams with Uncertainty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-13

    journal.pone.0054215 Xiaoxiao Shi, Jean-Francois Paiement, David Grangier , Philip S. Yu. GBC: Gradient boosting consensus model for heterogeneous data...Shi, J. Paiement, and D. Grangier , and P.S. Yu, "GBC: Gradient Boosting Consensus Model for Heterogeneous Data", Statistical Analysis and Data Mining

  20. Statistical Compressive Sensing of Gaussian Mixture Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    the algorithm iterates [18] (refer to [18] Sec. 2 for more details). The dictionary for conventional CS is learned with K- SVD [1] from 720,000 image...framework for solving inverse problems. VII. REFERENCES [1] M. Aharon, M. Elad, and A. Bruckstein. K- SVD : An algorithm for designing overcomplete...In Proc. ICCV, 2001. [16] M. Talagrand. A new look at independence. Ann. Prob., 24:1, 1996. [17] G. Yu, S. Mallat, and E. Bacry. Audio denoising by

  1. Ozhirenie sredi bol'nykh, obrativshikhsya za meditsinskoy pomoshch'yu (dannye krupnogo otechestvennogo epidemiologicheskogo issledovaniya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Yu Drobizhev

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Research objective: to study obesity among 10541 patients in therapeutic, neurologik and cardiologikal practices in 29 cities of the Russian Federation from St.-Petersburg to Vladivostok (COMPASS program. All patients are divided on two groups: with obesity (average BMI=33,7+4,1 kg/m2, and without this disease (average BMI=24,4+3,0 kg/m2. Groups were compared under demographic characteristics; features of a medical route; somatic and mental state. 20% from all patients in mentioned practices in various cities of Russia have obesity. Patients with obesity are predominantly women (middle age 54,0+12,0 year. For these patients low social and economic status (with low educational level, absence of employment, loneliness etc. are characteristic. Patients with obesity are more often observe in cardiological practice. They suffer from cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The hypothesis about obesity formation within mental disorders (depression, food addiction - dependence on food is presented. Possibility of treatment of patients with the help of sibutramine is discussed.

  2. Back to Business ——China and ASEAN bond via economic cooperation By Yu Lintao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Though territorial disputes exist between China and some ASEAN nations in the South China Sea, the multiple economic cooperation mechanisms between China and ASEAN have deepened their overall relationship.

  3. Kan Yu Ret an Rayt en Ingles: Children Become Literate in English as a Second Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudelson, Sarah

    1984-01-01

    Research on second language reading and writing development in children suggests (1) children who speak little English are reading some of the print in their environment, (2) they can read English before they have complete oral control of it, (3) their comprehension is influenced by their knowledge and culture, and (4) their second language…

  4. ANALIZ FAKTOROV, VLIYaYuShchIKh NA RAZVITIE PERELOMOV ShEYKI BEDRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O B Ershova

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Study offactors influencing on the fractures of proximal femur not connected with osteoporosis. Material and methods: Study is based on the simultaneous and prospective clinical-epidemiological study in patients of Yaroslavl aged 50 and more with proximal femoral fractures. Radiological method of assessment of femoral fractures followed by radiomorphological analysis of hip joints radiographs was used. Control group standardized by sex and age included persons without fractures and was numbered twice more than experimental group. Results: In 132 out of 133 cases the fractures were connected with falling down and only in one case with lifting the load. Accidental falling in males were reliably more frequent as compared with other reasons of falling (p=0.03. In females the fallings connected with cardiovascular diseases and cerebral disturbances reliably prevailed. Decreasing of points in psychodiagnostic test (MMST lower than 24 is the risk factor of fallings (OP-3.022, p<0.01. Conclusion: Aside from osteoporotic process during femoral fractures one should consider other factors, such as anatomical peculiarities of proximal femur, body mass, height and concomitant diseases.

  5. Kan Yu Ret an Rayt en Ingles: Children Become Literate in English as a Second Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudelson, Sarah

    1984-01-01

    Research on second language reading and writing development in children suggests (1) children who speak little English are reading some of the print in their environment, (2) they can read English before they have complete oral control of it, (3) their comprehension is influenced by their knowledge and culture, and (4) their second language…

  6. The Sensible and Romantic Yu Zhaoping%理性与浪漫的俞兆平

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管雪莲

    2005-01-01

    @@ 学生们对老师的了解往往起源于一些小道和趣闻,我刚考入厦大时,宿舍里住着一位"研三"的师姐,她在厦大已经呆了七年了,知道很多事,平日里无聊,她便和我们讲述老厦大的种种人情与物语.我是俞先生的弟子,先生也就自然地成为了她和我的话题.

  7. *Corresponding author. E-mail: m_ghaedi@mail.yu.ac.ir

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a

    copper(II) with correlation coefficient of 0.9994 and the detection limit of 0.99 ng mL-1. ... iron absorption from the gastrointestinal system. It is involved in the transport of .... at maximum wavelengths using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Results ...

  8. Yu Hua’s Brothers in and out of China:A Critical Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全瑜彬

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a critical review of the existing evaluation of Brothers,both the Chinese and English texts,focused on reviews of the English translation,through which the reception of the novel is examined.It is found that unlike the heated controversy over the novel in China,Brothers received warm critical reception in the English-speaking world,though also with criticism.However,there are still insufficient reviews of the English version,concerning its translation quality and style.Thus,"translator’s invisibility"is still a common phenomenon.It is therefore concluded that a sociological analysis of its production,circulation and reception in the target culture is both significant and worthwhile to shed new light on the mechanism by which Chinese literature can be successfully exported.

  9. Yu Hua’s Brothers in and out of China:A Critical Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全瑜彬

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a critical review of the existing evaluation of Brothers,both the Chinese and English texts,focused on reviews of the English translation,through which the reception of the novel is examined.It is found that unlike the heated controversy over the novel in China,Brothers received warm critical reception in the English-speaking world,though also with criticism.However,there are still insufficient reviews of the English version,concerning its translation quality and style.Thus,“translator’s invisibility” is still a common phenomenon.It is therefore concluded that a sociological analysis of its production,circulation and reception in the target culture is both significant and worthwhile to shed new light on the mechanism by which Chinese literature can be successfully exported.

  10. Biological Evaluation of ChuangYuLing Dressing-A Multifunctional Medicine Carrying Biomaterial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Rui; ZHENG Qixin; HAO Jie; ZOU Yang; CHENG Jie

    2005-01-01

    The safety of Chuangyuling (CYL) dressing-a multifunctional medicine carrying biomaterial was evaluated in order to provide foundation for the application of CYL as material used in the wound healing. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) extract solution was compounded with scaffolds (gelatin and Bletilla hyacinthine gum), and then frozen and dried to form spongy and porous material CYL. According to the standard of biological evaluation of medical devices that was instituted by the ministry of health of China[1] , the biological evaluation of CYL dressing was conducted. The results showed that all the contents of biological evaluation test consisting of acute toxicity, skin irritation, sensitization and cytotoxicity met the requirement of standards. It was concluded that the biomaterial carrying TCM (CYL dressing) is safe for application of wound healing.

  11. Shanxi to Institute Permanent Mechanism Protecting Migrant Workers——An interview with Yu Youjun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG SHUIXIA

    2007-01-01

    @@ EDITOR'S NOTE:On June 1,2007,the Standing Committee of the Shanxi Provincial People's Congress approved a local decree entitled the Regulations on Protection of the Rights and Interests of Migrant Workers,which became effective on July 1,2007.The Regulations,the first local legislation of its kind ever adopted by a Chinese province,immediately followed exposure of some shocking cases in which hundreds of migrant workers from poverty-stricken rural areas,including junior and mentally retarded citizens,were held in virtual slavery at illegally-run brickworks in the province.

  12. PHILOSOPHY OF CULTURE YU. M. LOTMAN: COGNITIVE DIALOGUE SEMIOTICS AND HISTORICAL ANTHROPOLOGY PURPOSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. SH. Aytov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is to study the cognitive interferences philosophical and social sciences and humanities. The aim of the article is to analyze the cognitive interaction of historical anthropology and semiotics in the space of philosophical-cultural concepts Lotman. Methodology. The methodology of this work includes the theoretical approaches, such as system-structural method, interdisciplinary method, comparative and source study methods. Teoretical basis and results. Philosophy of Culture Lotman contains a large number of cognitive dimensions. Significant role in the cognitive universe of his work is semiotics and historical anthropology. However interaction of these semiotic components of Lotman creation little explored yet. The latter applies to the redesign of the historical-anthropological ideas and research scientist. Conclusions. Understanding the interaction of cognitive semiotics and historical anthropology in the space of culture philosophy of Lotman logically leads to the conclusion that the effectiveness of cognitive symbiosis methodological approaches these sciences. In particular, the cognitive structure allows us to study the underlying causes of the motives and actions of individuals and entire societies past. The realization of semiotic, historical and anthropological methods allows us to analyze the underlying mechanisms of the spiritual culture and social and cultural institutions of societies from different historical periods.

  13. Shuang Yu: Vertical and Horizontal Dimensions of China's Extraordinary Learning Village

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boshier, Roger; Huang, Yan

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese Communist Party has invoked the Faure report as part of a large-scale learning initiative involving 61 cities and numerous streets, neighbourhoods and villages. By embracing western ideas and infusing them with Chinese characteristics, the Central School of the Communist Party has embarked on what looks increasingly like the 5th…

  14. Analysis of Psychological Growth of the Main Character in Chenlun by Yu Dafu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuc Lin

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Article discusses the psychological aspect of the main character in the novel “Chen Lun”. The feelings of inferiority and loneliness are his initial mental states. The latter is caused by two factors: the social and personality factors while the former is caused by the political condition in China at that time and the fact that the Japanese underestimate the Chinese people. The writer uses Freud’s theory on the structure of personality and conflict, anxiety, and the defense mechanism to analyze the process of the psychological development of the main character. In the end of the story, the main character commits suicide since “he” cannot only solve the problem of his loneliness and inferiority but also he feels guilty of his wrongdoing which crushes his-ideal-self. The guilty feeling haunts him in such a way that he even denies himself.

  15. PHILOSOPHY OF CULTURE YU. M. LOTMAN: COGNITIVE DIALOGUE SEMIOTICS AND HISTORICAL ANTHROPOLOGY PURPOSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sh. Aytov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is to study the cognitive interferences philosophical and social sciences and humanities. The aim of the article is to analyze the cognitive interaction of historical anthropology and semiotics in the space of philosophical-cultural concepts Lotman. Methodology. The methodology of this work includes the theoretical approaches, such as system-structural method, interdisciplinary method, comparative and source study methods. Teoretical basis and results. Philosophy of Culture Lotman contains a large number of cognitive dimensions. Significant role in the cognitive universe of his work is semiotics and historical anthropology. However interaction of these semiotic components of Lotman creation little explored yet. The latter applies to the redesign of the historical-anthropological ideas and research scientist. Conclusions. Understanding the interaction of cognitive semiotics and historical anthropology in the space of culture philosophy of Lotman logically leads to the conclusion that the effectiveness of cognitive symbiosis methodological approaches these sciences. In particular, the cognitive structure allows us to study the underlying causes of the motives and actions of individuals and entire societies past. The realization of semiotic, historical and anthropological methods allows us to analyze the underlying mechanisms of the spiritual culture and social and cultural institutions of societies from different historical periods.

  16. Comparison of seismotomographic and thermogravitational models with distribution of the seismotectonic deformation orientations for Kamchatka region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushenkova, Natalia; Kuchay, Olga; Chervov, Victor; Koulakov, Ivan

    2016-04-01

    area of structural changes in the tomography model at a depth of 200-400 km. In the numerical 3D model of convection in the upper mantle, the same zone corresponds to the connection of the downward flows. These results suggest that the southeastern descending flow corresponds to the abrupt changes of orientations of the principal axes of seismotectonic deformation. Moreover, the southwestern descending flow corresponds to the subducting slab patterns in the tomography model of the Kamchatka region. This work is partially supported by the RSCF project #14-17-00430. Bushenkova N., Kuchay O., Chervov V. (2014), Comparison of seismotomographic and thermogravitational models with distribution of the seismotectonic deformation orientations for southern Siberia area, Geophys. Res. Abstr. EGU 2014. P. 3452. Koulakov I.Yu., N.L. Dobretsov, N.A. Bushenkova, A.V. Yakovlev, (2011). Slab shape in subduction zones beneath the Kurile-Kamchatka and Aleutian arcs based on regional tomography results, Russian Geology and Geophysics 52 (6), 650-667. Riznichenko Yu.V. Problemy seismologii. M.: Nauka, 1985, 407 p. (in russian). Chervov V.V., Chernykh G.G. (2014), Numerical modeling of three-dimensional convection in the upper mantle of the earth beneath Eurasia lithosphere, Journal of Engineering Thermophysics. 23(2), 105-111.

  17. Modeling of deposition and clearance of inhaled Ni compounds in the human lung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, T H; Yu, C P; Oberdörster, G

    1999-08-01

    By extrapolation from the rat study, a mathematical model of deposition, clearance, and retention kinetics for inhaled Ni compounds (high-temperature (green) NiO, Ni(3)S(2), and NiSO(4). 6H(2)O) in the alveolar region of the human lung has been developed. For human deposition, an updated version of an earlier model (C. P. Yu and C. K. Diu, 1982, Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J.) was used in this study. Because of the profound differences in physiological and ventilation conditions between humans and rats, humans were found to have a higher alveolar deposition fraction than rats when exposed to the same Ni compounds. However, when normalized to the lung weight, the deposition rate per gram of lung in humans is much smaller than in rats. In the development of a clearance model, a single-compartment model in the lung was used and a general assumption was made that the clearance of the insoluble and moderately soluble nickel compounds (high-temperature (green) NiO and Ni(3)S(2), respectively) depends highly on the volume of retained particles in the lungs. As for the highly soluble nickel compound (NiSO(4). 6H(2)O), the clearance rate coefficient was assumed to depend on the retained particle mass and total alveolar surface. These clearance rate coefficients were extrapolated from the rat data. The retention half-times for high temperature (green) NiO and Ni(3)S(2) particles in humans were found to be much longer than in rats, whereas the retention half-time for NiSO(4). 6H(2)O particles was about the same for both species. The lung burden results in humans for various exposure conditions are predicted and the equivalent exposure concentrations for humans which lead to the same lung burdens found in rats were calculated.

  18. EFFECTS OF JIANG TANG FANG LONG FORMULA ON INSULIN PRODUCTION AND FUNCTION IN AN ANIMAL MODEL OF DIABETIC HEARING LOSS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Yunxia; LI Ruiyu; JING Jianmei; ZHANG Yanzhuo; LI Meng; LI Bin; FENG Jinping; LI Li; LI Huizhen

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the influence of Jiang Tang Fang Long formula on insulin production and function in an animal model of diabetic hearing loss. Methods Wistar rats (n=60) were randomly divided into 6 groups (10 in each) to receive no treatment (the normal control, Group A), or to receive intra-peritoneal 55 mg/kg streptozotocin with (Groups C, D and E) or without (Group B) subsequent Jiang Tang Fang Long formula treatment at various doses or Yu Long Wan treatment (Group F). After 60 days, fasting blood glucose (FBG), body weight (BW) and fasting insulin (FINS) were recorded and the HOMA-IR and HOMA-βcalcu-lated. Insulin expression in pancreatic tissues was measured by radioimmunoassay. Results Compared with animals that received streptozotocin without rescue treatment (Group B), animals that received higher doses of Jiang Tang Fang Long formula(Groups D and E) showed improved indices of diabetes manifestation (P0.05). Conclusion Our results suggest that Jiang Tang Fang Long formula may improve pancreatic β-cells function which may explain its efficacy in treating diabetic hearing loss.

  19. Phase transitions in a frustrated biquadratic Heisenberg model with coupled orbital degrees of freedom for iron-based superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuo, W. Z.; Qin, M. H.; Dong, S.; Li, X. G.; Liu, J.-M.

    2016-03-01

    In this paper, we study a biquadratic Heisenberg model with coupled orbital degrees of freedom by using a Monte Carlo simulation to investigate the phase transitions in iron-based superconductors. The antiferroquadrupolar state, which may be related to the magnetism of FeSe [R. Yu and Q. Si, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 116401 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.116401], is stabilized by the anisotropic biquadratic interaction induced by a ferro-orbital-ordered state. It is revealed that the orbital and nematic transitions occur at the same temperature for all the cases, supporting the mechanism of the orbital-driven nematicity as revealed in most recent experiments [S. H. Baek, D. V. Efremov, J. M. Ok, J. S. Kim, J. van den Brink, and B. Büchner, Nat. Mater. 14, 210 (2015), 10.1038/nmat4138]. In addition, it is suggested that the orbital interaction may lead to the separation of the structural and magnetic phase transitions, as observed in many families of iron pnictides.

  20. Aerosol size distribution in a coagulating plume: Analytical behavior and modeling applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turco, Richard P.; Yu, Fangqun

    In a previous paper (Turco and Yu, 1997), a series of analytical solutions were derived for the problem of aerosol coagulation in an expanding plume, as from a jet engine. Those solutions were shown to depend on a single dimensionless time-dependent number, NT, which is related to the particle coagulation kernel and the plume volume. Here, we derive a new analytical expression that describes the particle size distribution in an expanding plume in terms of NT. We show how this solution can be extended to include the effects of soot particles on the evolving volatile sulfuric acid aerosols in an aircraft wake. Our solutions apply primarily to cases where changes in the size distribution—beyond an initial period encompassing emission and prompt nucleation/condensation—is controlled mainly by coagulation. The analytical size distributions allow most of the important properties of an evolving aerosol population—mean size, number greater than a minimum size, surface area density, size dependent reactivities, and optical properties—to be estimated objectively. We have applied our analytical solution to evaluate errors associated with numerical diffusion in a detailed microphysical code, and demonstrate that, if care is not exercised in solving the coagulation equation, substantial errors can result in the predictions at large particle sizes. This effect is particularly important when comparisons between models and field observations are carried out. The analytical expressions derived here can also be employed to initialize models that do not resolve individual aircraft plumes, by providing a simple means for parameterizing the initial aerosol properties after an appropriate mixing time.

  1. Validation of EMMS-based drag model using lattice Boltzmann simulations on GPUs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yun Zhanga; Wei Ge; Xiao wei Wang; Chao he Yang

    2011-01-01

    Interphase momentum transport in heterogeneous gas-solid systems with multi-scale structure is of great importance in process engineering.In this article,lattice Boltzmann simulations are performed on graphics processing units (GPUs),the computational power of which exceeds that of CPUs by more than one order of magnitude,to investigate incompressible Newtonian flow in idealized multi-scale particle-fluid systems.The structure consists of a periodic array of clusters,each constructed by a bundle of cylinders.Fixed pressure boundary condition is implemented by applying a constant body force to the flow through the medium.The bounce-back scheme is adopted on the fluid-solid interfaces,which ensures the no-slip boundary condition.The structure is studied under a wide range of particle diameters and packing fractions,and the drag coefficient of the structure is found to be a function of voidages and fractions of the clusters,besides the traditional Reynolds number and the solid volume fractions.Parameters reflecting multi-scale characters are,therefore,demonstrated to be necessary in quantifying the drag force of heterogeneous gas-solid system.The numerical results in the range 0.1 ≤ Re ≤ 10 and 0 < φ < 0.25are compared with Wen and Yu's correlation,Gibilaro equation,EMMS-based drag model,the Beetstra correlation and the Benyahia correlation,and good agreement is found between the simulations and the EMMS-based drag model for heterogeneous systems.

  2. Anomalies of Siberian High Intensity and Their Precursors in Climatic Models Output

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martynova, Yuliya; Krupchatnikov, Vladimir

    2016-04-01

    The Siberian High (SH) is a powerful pressure system that determines the weather regime during the wintertime for the huge part of Asia [Sazonov B.I., 1991]. Particularly, SH regulates an intensity and duration of frosts in Siberia. Moreover, this pressure system has a strong connection with another atmospheric centers of action of the Northern Hemisphere such as Arctic High, Icelandic Low, the Azores High [Morozova S.V., 2013]. SH variation is closely related to atmospheric dynamics processes and air temperature variations between surface and middle troposphere. The maintaining of SH mainly depends on downward through the troposphere airflow which variation is strongly affected by the Arctic oscillation (AO). Positive (negative) AO phase causes the remarkably weakening (strengthening) of the downward airflow that has strong effect on the SH behavior [Gong G. et al., 2002; Krupchatnikov V. N. et al., 2009; Martynova Yu.V. and V.N. Krupchatnikov, 2010]. SH is highly exposed to global climate change that increases standard deviation of SH intensity [Fei L.I. and G. A. O. Yong-Qi, 2015]. The changes of SH characteristics result from not only direct climate change effect (such as global temperature rise) but also feedback effect of another climate system parameters variation. Thus, these parameters can serve as precursors of the extremely SH intensity. It's important to remember that the changes of the just one component of this High-Low interaction system could affect whole system. This study is devoted to determination of the precursors of the anomaly SH behavior and estimation of changes of the determined connection in the climate change conditions. The research was provided on a base of climate system models and reanalysis data. Acknowledgements This work is partially supported by SB RAS project VIII.80.2.1, RFBR grants 14-05-00502, 16-35-00301, 16-05-00558. References Fei L.I. and G. A. O. Yong-Qi The Project Siberian High in CMIP5 Models // Atmospheric and

  3. International Conference on Nitride Semiconductors (10th) Held in Washington, DC on August 25-30, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-17

    CONTINUED) Lutz Geelhaar 10:30am-10;45am Emmanuel Le Boulbar 10:45 am-11:00 am Richard Webster 11:00 am-11:15am Zhaoxia Bi 11:15am-11:30am Ian...Rudinsky API .28 Yoshihiro Ichinohe API.29 Todd L. Williamson API .30 Kohei Ueno API .31 Przemyslaw Witczak API.32 Stephen K. O’Leary API .33 Shaoxin

  4. Leadership Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Thomas J.

    This paper discusses six different models of organizational structure and leadership, including the scalar chain or pyramid model, the continuum model, the grid model, the linking pin model, the contingency model, and the circle or democratic model. Each model is examined in a separate section that describes the model and its development, lists…

  5. Quantitative comparisons of analogue models of brittle wedge dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreurs, Guido

    2010-05-01

    , models accommodated initial shortening by a forward- and a backward-verging thrust. Further shortening was taken up by in-sequence formation of forward-verging thrusts. In all experiments, boundary stresses created significant drag of structures along the sidewalls. We therefore compared the surface slope and the location, dip angle and spacing of thrusts in sections through the central part of the model. All models show very similar cross-sectional evolutions demonstrating reproducibility of first-order experimental observations. Nevertheless, there are significant along-strike variations of structures in map view highlighting the limits of interpretations of analogue model results. These variations may be related to the human factor, differences in model width and/or differences in laboratory temperature and especially humidity affecting the mechanical properties of the granular materials. GeoMod2008 Analogue Team: Susanne Buiter, Caroline Burberry, Jean-Paul Callot, Cristian Cavozzi, Mariano Cerca, Ernesto Cristallini, Alexander Cruden, Jian-Hong Chen, Leonardo Cruz, Jean-Marc Daniel, Victor H. Garcia, Caroline Gomes, Céline Grall, Cecilia Guzmán, Triyani Nur Hidayah, George Hilley, Chia-Yu Lu, Matthias Klinkmüller, Hemin Koyi, Jenny Macauley, Bertrand Maillot, Catherine Meriaux, Faramarz Nilfouroushan, Chang-Chih Pan, Daniel Pillot, Rodrigo Portillo, Matthias Rosenau, Wouter P. Schellart, Roy Schlische, Andy Take, Bruno Vendeville, Matteo Vettori, M. Vergnaud, Shih-Hsien Wang, Martha Withjack, Daniel Yagupsky, Yasuhiro Yamada

  6. Bivariate Extension of the Quadrature Method of Moments for Modeling Simultaneous Coagulation and Sintering of Particle Populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Douglas L.; McGraw, Robert; Rosner, Daniel E.

    2001-04-15

    We extendthe application of moment methods to multivariate suspended particle population problems-those for which size alone is insufficient to specify the state of a particle in the population. Specifically, a bivariate extension of the quadrature method of moments (QMOM) (R. McGraw, Aerosol Sci. Technol. 27, 255 (1997)) is presented for efficiently modeling the dynamics of a population of inorganic nanoparticles undergoing simultaneous coagulation and particle sintering. Continuum regime calculations are presented for the Koch-Friedlander-Tandon-Rosner model, which includes coagulation by Brownian diffusion (evaluated for particle fractal dimensions, D(f), in the range 1.8-3) and simultaneous sintering of the resulting aggregates (P. Tandon and D. E. Rosner, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 213, 273 (1999)). For evaluation purposes, and to demonstrate the computational efficiency of the bivariate QMOM, benchmark calculations are carried out using a high-resolution discrete method to evolve the particle distribution function n(nu, a) for short to intermediate times (where nu and a are particle volume and surface area, respectively). Time evolution of a selected set of 36 low-order mixed moments is obtained by integration of the full bivariate distribution and compared with the corresponding moments obtained directly using two different extensions of the QMOM. With the more extensive treatment, errors of less than 1% are obtained over substantial aerosol evolution, while requiring only a few minutes (rather than days) of CPU time. Longer time QMOM simulations lend support to the earlier finding of a self-preserving limit for the dimensionless joint (nu, a) particle distribution function under simultaneous coagulation and sintering (Tandon and Rosner, 1999; D. E. Rosner and S. Yu, AIChE J., 47 (2001)). We demonstrate that, even in the bivariate case, it is possible to use the QMOM to rapidly model the approach to asymptotic behavior, allowing an immediate assessment of

  7. Model Transformations? Transformation Models!

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bézivin, J.; Büttner, F.; Gogolla, M.; Jouault, F.; Kurtev, I.; Lindow, A.

    2006-01-01

    Much of the current work on model transformations seems essentially operational and executable in nature. Executable descriptions are necessary from the point of view of implementation. But from a conceptual point of view, transformations can also be viewed as descriptive models by stating only the

  8. Modelling business models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simonse, W.L.

    2014-01-01

    Business model design does not always produce a “design” or “model” as the expected result. However, when designers are involved, a visual model or artifact is produced. To assist strategic managers in thinking about how they can act, the designers’ challenge is to combine both strategy and design n

  9. Variational data assimilation problem for the thermodynamics model with displaced pole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parmuzin, Eugene; Agosgkov, Valery; Zakharova, Natalia

    2017-04-01

    the Baltic Sea dynamics // Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling, 2015, V. 30, No. 4, PP. 203-212. [2] Zalesny V.B., Gusev A.V., Chernobay S.Yu., Aps R., Tamsalu R., Kujala P., Rytkönen J. The Baltic Sea circulation modelling and assessment of marine pollution, Russ. J. Numer. Analysis and Math. Modelling, 2014, V 29, No. 2, pp. 129-138.

  10. Proceedings of the Quantum Computation for Physical Modeling Workshop Held in North Falmouth, Massachusetts on October 18-19, 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    than a few hundreds particles [ 17]. Although this statement can probably be challenged by modem HKsqPj = E (23) multiscale techniques (Achi Brandt ...Yu.A. Pashkin, J.S. Tsai, Nature 398 (1999) 786. [62] A. Berg, M. Dobers, R.R. Gerhards , K.V. Klitzing, Phys. Rev. [45] J.R. Friedman, V. Patel, W

  11. Dose Response of Sodium Nitrite on Vasoactivity Associated with HBOC-201 in a Swine Model of Controlled Hemorrhage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    physiology: Pig weights (25.7 :± 3.1 kg) were similar for all groups (ANOV A). Survival to 2 h was not different among groups (Fisher’s exact). Survival...29. Walker R. 1996. The metabolism of dietary nitrites and nitrates. Biochem Soc Trans. 24(3), 780-785. 30. Yu B, Volpato GP, Chang K, Bloch KD

  12. Modelling SDL, Modelling Languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Piefel

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Today's software systems are too complex to implement them and model them using only one language. As a result, modern software engineering uses different languages for different levels of abstraction and different system aspects. Thus to handle an increasing number of related or integrated languages is the most challenging task in the development of tools. We use object oriented metamodelling to describe languages. Object orientation allows us to derive abstract reusable concept definitions (concept classes from existing languages. This language definition technique concentrates on semantic abstractions rather than syntactical peculiarities. We present a set of common concept classes that describe structure, behaviour, and data aspects of high-level modelling languages. Our models contain syntax modelling using the OMG MOF as well as static semantic constraints written in OMG OCL. We derive metamodels for subsets of SDL and UML from these common concepts, and we show for parts of these languages that they can be modelled and related to each other through the same abstract concepts.

  13. 755-IJBCS-Article-Dr Miriam Ngwo Ezikpe

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    Original Paper ... (Christensen et al., 2005; Wilcke, 2007). They .... and Pseudomonas stutzeri showed highest ... sites (Yu et al., 2005; Igwo-Ezikpe et al., ..... Shen WR. 2006. Dispersion modeling of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from.

  14. Actant Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Helle

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents a functional modelling method called Actant Modelling rooted in linguistics and semiotics. Actant modelling can be integrated with Multilevel Flow Modelling (MFM) in order to give an interpretation of actants.......This paper presents a functional modelling method called Actant Modelling rooted in linguistics and semiotics. Actant modelling can be integrated with Multilevel Flow Modelling (MFM) in order to give an interpretation of actants....

  15. Modelling the models

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2012-01-01

    By analysing the production of mesons in the forward region of LHC proton-proton collisions, the LHCf collaboration has provided key information needed to calibrate extremely high-energy cosmic ray models.   Average transverse momentum (pT) as a function of rapidity loss ∆y. Black dots represent LHCf data and the red diamonds represent SPS experiment UA7 results. The predictions of hadronic interaction models are shown by open boxes (sibyll 2.1), open circles (qgsjet II-03) and open triangles (epos 1.99). Among these models, epos 1.99 shows the best overall agreement with the LHCf data. LHCf is dedicated to the measurement of neutral particles emitted at extremely small angles in the very forward region of LHC collisions. Two imaging calorimeters – Arm1 and Arm2 – take data 140 m either side of the ATLAS interaction point. “The physics goal of this type of analysis is to provide data for calibrating the hadron interaction models – the well-known &...

  16. Modelling Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    This chapter deals with the practicalities of building, testing, deploying and maintaining models. It gives specific advice for each phase of the modelling cycle. To do this, a modelling framework is introduced which covers: problem and model definition; model conceptualization; model data...... requirements; model construction; model solution; model verification; model validation and finally model deployment and maintenance. Within the adopted methodology, each step is discussedthrough the consideration of key issues and questions relevant to the modelling activity. Practical advice, based on many...... years of experience is providing in directing the reader in their activities.Traps and pitfalls are discussed and strategies also given to improve model development towards “fit-for-purpose” models. The emphasis in this chapter is the adoption and exercise of a modelling methodology that has proven very...

  17. Study on Calculation Model of Onset of Nucleate Boiling in Narrow Channels%窄通道欠热沸腾起始点计算模型的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明; 周涛; 盛程; 傅涛; 肖泽军

    2011-01-01

    In the reactor engineering, narrow channels was used widely for its high power density,exceptional heat transfer and actual engineering requirements. The point of Onset of Nucleate Boiling(ONB) is the key point of boiling heat transfer in narrow channels. The point of ONB can directly influence the following flow and heat transfer characteristics in the reactor. Due to the special structure and complexity flow, the point of ONB in narrow channels are effected by many factors, which characteristics are not understood completely yet. Using B&R model, Su Shun-yu model, Pan Liang-ming model and Yang Rui-chang model, the heat flux of onset of nucleate boiling is compared and analyzed by taking water as the medium. And then the relationships of the heat flux with pressure, mass flow and wall temperature are obtained. Based on the differences of each model, the mechanisms for the main influence factors are suggested.%欠热沸腾起始点(ONB)是窄通道内沸腾传热的关键转变点,直接关系到其后的流动传热特性.窄通道内ONB点的产生受很多因素影响,目前对其特征的把握尚不完善.运用B&R模型、苏顺玉经验关系式、潘良明模型和杨瑞昌模型对以水为工质的ONB热流密度进行分析比较,得出其与压力、质量流速和壁面温度的关系曲线,进而根据各计算模型的差异,提出主要影响因素的作用机理.

  18. Promoting Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qin; Zhao, Yongxin; Wu, Xiaofeng; Liu, Si

    There can be multitudinous models specifying aspects of the same system. Each model has a bias towards one aspect. These models often override in specific aspects though they have different expressions. A specification written in one model can be refined by introducing additional information from other models. The paper proposes a concept of promoting models which is a methodology to obtain refinements with support from cooperating models. It refines a primary model by integrating the information from a secondary model. The promotion principle is not merely an academic point, but also a reliable and robust engineering technique which can be used to develop software and hardware systems. It can also check the consistency between two specifications from different models. A case of modeling a simple online shopping system with the cooperation of the guarded design model and CSP model illustrates the practicability of the promotion principle.

  19. Cadastral Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    Modeling is a term that refers to a variety of efforts, including data and process modeling. The domain to be modeled may be a department, an organization, or even an industrial sector. E-business presupposes the modeling of an industrial sector, a substantial task. Cadastral modeling compares to...

  20. 从《文化苦旅》看余秋雨散文的语言整齐美%Appreciating the Tidiness and Terseness of YU Qiu-yu's Prose in "Cultural Pilgrim"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宜春

    2004-01-01

    余秋雨的散文集大胆借鉴非散文文体语言,其散文语言注重节奏的合拍、韵律的谐美、句式的整齐,构成了独特的话语风格、富于变化的整齐美.这是对我国传统文学语言的继承和创新.

  1. Nature, theory and modelling of geophysical convective planetary boundary layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zilitinkevich, Sergej

    2015-04-01

    horizontal branches of organised structures. This mechanism (Zilitinkevich et al., 2006), was overlooked in conventional local theories, such as the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory, and convective heat/mass transfer law: Nu~Ra1/3, where Nu and Ra are the Nusselt number and Raleigh numbers. References Hellsten A., Zilitinkevich S., 2013: Role of convective structures and background turbulence in the dry convective boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 149, 323-353. Zilitinkevich, S.S., 1973: Shear convection. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 3, 416-423. Zilitinkevich, S.S., 1991: Turbulent Penetrative Convection, Avebury Technical, Aldershot, 180 pp. Zilitinkevich S.S., 2012: The Height of the Atmospheric Planetary Boundary layer: State of the Art and New Development - Chapter 13 in 'National Security and Human Health Implications of Climate Change', edited by H.J.S. Fernando, Z. Klaić, J.L. McKulley, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - C: Environmental Security (ISBN 978-94-007-2429-7), Springer, 147-161. Zilitinkevich S.S., 2013: Atmospheric Turbulence and Planetary Boundary Layers. Fizmatlit, Moscow, 248 pp. Zilitinkevich, S.S., Hunt, J.C.R., Grachev, A.A., Esau, I.N., Lalas, D.P., Akylas, E., Tombrou, M., Fairall, C.W., Fernando, H.J.S., Baklanov, and A., Joffre, S.M., 2006: The influence of large convective eddies on the surface layer turbulence. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 132, 1423-1456. Zilitinkevich S.S., Tyuryakov S.A., Troitskaya Yu. I., Mareev E., 2012: Theoretical models of the height of the atmospheric planetary boundary layer and turbulent entrainment at its upper boundary. Izvestija RAN, FAO, 48, No.1, 150-160 Zilitinkevich, S.S., Elperin, T., Kleeorin, N., Rogachevskii, I., Esau, I.N., 2013: A hierarchy of energy- and flux-budget (EFB) turbulence closure models for stably stratified geophysical flows. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 146, 341-373.

  2. Modelling Monsoons: Understanding and Predicting Current and Future Behaviour

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turner, A; Sperber, K R; Slingo, J M; Meehl, G A; Mechoso, C R; Kimoto, M; Giannini, A

    2008-09-16

    including, but not limited to, the Mei-Yu/Baiu sudden onset and withdrawal, low-level jet orientation and variability, and orographic forced rainfall. Under anthropogenic climate change many competing factors complicate making robust projections of monsoon changes. Without aerosol effects, increased land-sea temperature contrast suggests strengthened monsoon circulation due to climate change. However, increased aerosol emissions will reflect more solar radiation back to space, which may temper or even reduce the strength of monsoon circulations compared to the present day. A more comprehensive assessment is needed of the impact of black carbon aerosols, which may modulate that of other anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Precipitation may behave independently from the circulation under warming conditions in which an increased atmospheric moisture loading, based purely on thermodynamic considerations, could result in increased monsoon rainfall under climate change. The challenge to improve model parameterizations and include more complex processes and feedbacks pushes computing resources to their limit, thus requiring continuous upgrades of computational infrastructure to ensure progress in understanding and predicting the current and future behavior of monsoons.

  3. Innovation Guides the Global Household Electrical Appliance Industry——an exclusive interview with Haier's Vice-president, Yu Zida

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Editor's Note: After two decades of development Haier has become the fourth largest white goods manufacturer in the world, and one of the most valuable brands in China. In 2007, Haier's global turnover was more than 100 billion RMB.

  4. BaoLi Yu ErTong De FaZhan (Violence and Young Children's Development). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallach, Lorraine B.

    This digest examines the developmental consequences for children who are the victims of or witnesses to family and community violence. A baby's ability to trust depends upon the family's ability to provide consistent caregiving, which is compromised when the infant's family lives in a community racked by violence. When they reach toddlerhood,…

  5. "yu fou"(与否) and textual cohesive function%"与否"及其篇章衔接功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱岩

    2003-01-01

    "X与否"结构古今皆有,但随着语言的发展,此结构中"与否"有融合为单个助词的强烈趋势.本文试图描写"X与否"结构的句法功能及其篇章衔接功能,并从语法化角度说明它已逐渐成为一个关联性助词的动因.

  6. Degradation and cupric corrosion caused by corrosive sulfur in insulating oil; Zetsuen`yu no rekka to ryuka fushoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuchie, M.; Miyamoto, T. [Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-03-20

    As the voltages and capacities of transformers have been increased, a higher reliability of insulating oil has been demanded. Since the 1970s, sulfurization and streaming electrification of a copper product have attracted attention. In the 1970s, an insulating oil refining method was changed from sulfuric acid refining to hydrogenation refining. In the 1980s, an insulating oil to which benzotriazole (BTA) effective for suppression of streaming electrification is added came to be used. Although the degradation of an insulating oil and the sulfurization in the oil are different phenomena, it has been found out that copper takes part in both of these phenomena. This paper describes the examination of the effect of BTA on the oxidation degradation and sulfurization of insulating oil. The examination was made by using an oxidation degradation evaluation apparatus developed from the above-mentioned viewpoint. The results of the examination show that BTA is very effective in suppressing the oxidation degradation and sulfurization of insulating oil. 11 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. Gasoline engine oil durability on fuel economy improvement performance; Engine yu no nenpi kaizen koka no jizokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akiyama, K.; Kikuchi, T.; Sugiyama, S.; Ashida, T.; Tanaka, I. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1995-04-20

    The following reports the gasoline engine oil durability on fuel economy improvement performance. As a sample oil, ECII (5W-30) in the market, a prototype oil X where the viscosity was reduced up to 5W-20 to increase the fuel economy improvement effect and organic Mo FM as a friction modifier (FM) was increased, and Y (5W-20) where the organic Mo FM was increased as compared with X and sulfuric additive was added were used, and then the durability of the effect and the viscosity/friction coefficient/amount of additive remainder of the used oil were investigated by the actual running up to 16000km. The result revealed that X and Y had a higher fuel economy improvement effect than ECII at the initial stage of driving but the effect decreased at approximately 4000 km and 12000 km for X and Y, respectively, and the reduction in the fuel economy effect was caused by the increase in the friction coefficient due to the consumption of organic Mo FM in oil due to deterioration or the increase in the HTHS viscosity. 5 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

  8. On the Romanticism Art in Xu Yu's Novels%论徐(訏)小说的浪漫主义艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛俊侠

    2005-01-01

    徐(訏)是中国现代文学上较有影响的现代主义浪漫派作家.其小说中浪漫主义艺术特点主要体现在:故事情节的传奇性、丰富的想象力、奇异诡谲的异域情调、幽秘的气氛及朦胧的意绪、抒情感伤的基调等.他的作品中蕴涵着一个作家对民族、历史、人类末米的思考和理解,虽说未必完全正确,确是严肃认真的.

  9. Treatment wastewater containing dyestuffs by adsorption technology; Kyuchaku gijutsu ni yoru senryo gan`yu haisui no shori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, H. [University of Osaka Prefecture, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1997-04-10

    For treatment of wastewater containing dyestuffs, the adsorption/separation recovery method using chitosan fiber was studied. Acid orange as acid dye and brilliant yellow as direct dye were used in experiment, and the pH, inorganic electrolyte and temperature dependency of dye adsorption into chitosan fiber were studied together with the dissolution curve of dyestuffs by NaOH aqueous solution. The result showed the possibility of adsorption, dissolution and concentrating recovery of dyestuffs. This method has the following features: (1) Efficient separation of dyestuffs and water + dyeing auxiliaries from dyeing wastewater, (2) recycling of water and dyeing auxiliaries in dyeing process, (3) high- concentrating recovery of dyestuffs by NaOH aqueous solution and recycling of fibers, (4) separation of dyestuffs from NaOH aqueous solution by cooling and salting out of desorption solution, (5) recycling of NaOH aqueous solution in desorption process, and (6) the possible closed system discharging no new wastewater in wastewater treatment. 7 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  10. 简评韩愈的天人感应观%On Han Yu's Telepathy Outlook Between Man and Heaven

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑颖贞

    2002-01-01

    韩愈的天人感应观虽然属于"天人合一"的唯心主义哲学思想,但由于其坚持"天人相乖"和"祸善福淫"的基本观点,从而既与主流的"福善祸淫"的天人感应观不同,又与传统的"天人相分"唯物主义哲学思想不同,在中国天人感应观乃至中国古代哲学的发展史上都可谓独树一帜.而且,他的这种独特的理论对我国实行计划生育、环境保护的基本国策和实施可持续发展的战略有着重要的理论指导意义.

  11. Liver function tests in workers with occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): comparison with Yusho and Yu-Cheng

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischbein, A.

    1985-05-01

    The results of liver function tests in a population manufacturing capacitors and transformers are presented. Two clinical field examinations were performed, one in 1976 when PCBs were still used in the manufacturing of the electrical equipment and one at the end of 1979, 2.5 years after discontinuation of PCBs use. A low prevalence of abnormal liver function tests was found and mean values for all tests were within normal laboratory ranges. At the initial examination, weak, but statistically significant correlations were found between log LDH and plasma levels of log HPCB (higher chlorinated congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls) and log TPCB (total polychlorinated biphenyls) among the female workers, while log el-GTP correlated significantly only with log HPCB among the male workers. A significant increase to abnormal levels of el-GTP was noted at the follow-up examination in both male and female workers, and preliminary results indicate significant correlations between el-GTP and serum levels of PCBs among the male workers. These findings are in accordance with previously reported data on populations occupationally exposed to PCBs, but differ from hepatic biochemistry findings in accidental poisonings due to ingestion of cooking oil contaminated with PCBs and related compounds, i.e., polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated quaterphenyls (PCQs). Hence, the importance of considering the related compounds as etiologic factors in PCB poisoning is emphasized.

  12. May the Flower of Xi Yu Be More and More Brilliant——Xinjiang Corps Acrobatic General Troupe in Russia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马洁

    2006-01-01

    Invited by Russia St Petersburg Experiment Create Performing Company and approved by Ministry of Culture, a 25-member performing group from Xinjiang Corps Acro- batic General Troupe went to Russia and Byelorussia on June 5,2006.During their 70-day performing tour,they covered 13,000 kilometers and gave 45 shows.The num- ber of the audience reached about 60,000 in total.

  13. Model Warehouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This paper puts forward a new conception:model warehouse,analyzes the reason why model warehouse appears and introduces the characteristics and architecture of model warehouse.Last,this paper points out that model warehouse is an important part of WebGIS.

  14. MODELING OF MESO-SCALE STRUCTURES IN PARTICLE-FLUID SYSTEMS: THE EMMS/CFD APPROACH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning; Yang; Wei; Wang; Wei; Ge; Jinghai; Li

    2005-01-01

    Meso-scale structures existing in the form of particle-rich clusters, streamers or strands in circulating fluidized beds, and of ascending bubble plumes and descending liquid-rich vortices in bubble columns and slurry-bed reactors, as commonly observed, have played an important role in the macro-scale behavior of particle-fluid systems. These meso-scale structures span a wide range of length and time scales, and their origin, evolution and influence are still far from being well understood.Recent decades have witnessed the emergence of computer simulation of particle-fluid systems based on computational fluid dynamic (CFD) models. However, strictly speaking these models are far from mature and the complex nature of particle-fluid systems arising from the meso-scale structures has been posing great challenges to investigators. The reason may be that the current two-fluid models (TFM) are derived either from continuum mechanics by using different kinds of averaging techniques for the conservation equations of single-phase flow, or from the kinetic theory of gases in which the assumption of molecular chaos is employed, thereby losing sight of the meso-scale heterogeneity at the scale of computational cells and leading to inaccurate calculation of the interaction force between particles and fluids. For example, the overall drag force for particles in a cell is usually calculated from the empirical Wen & Yu/Ergun correlations,which should be suspected since these correlations were originally derived from homogeneous systems.Schemes to solve this problem for gas-particles systems may be classified into four categories. First, one could capture the detailed meso-scale structure information at the cell scale by employing the so-called direct numerical simulation (DNS) (Hu, 1996), the pseudo-particle modeling (PPM) (Ge & Li, 2003), or the Lattice-Boltzmann method (LBM) to track the interface between gas and particles. Second, refinement of the computational meshes may

  15. Constitutive Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    procedure is introduced for the analysis and solution of property models. Models that capture and represent the temperature dependent behaviour of physical properties are introduced, as well as equation of state models (EOS) such as the SRK EOS. Modelling of liquid phase activity coefficients are also......This chapter presents various types of constitutive models and their applications. There are 3 aspects dealt with in this chapter, namely: creation and solution of property models, the application of parameter estimation and finally application examples of constitutive models. A systematic...... covered, illustrating several models such as the Wilson equation and NRTL equation, along with their solution strategies. A section shows how to use experimental data to regress the property model parameters using a least squares approach. A full model analysis is applied in each example that discusses...

  16. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    Batty, M.

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  17. Model theory

    CERN Document Server

    Chang, CC

    2012-01-01

    Model theory deals with a branch of mathematical logic showing connections between a formal language and its interpretations or models. This is the first and most successful textbook in logical model theory. Extensively updated and corrected in 1990 to accommodate developments in model theoretic methods - including classification theory and nonstandard analysis - the third edition added entirely new sections, exercises, and references. Each chapter introduces an individual method and discusses specific applications. Basic methods of constructing models include constants, elementary chains, Sko

  18. Effect of Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction on striatal glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid levels detected using microdialysis in a rat model of Tourette syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang W

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Wen Zhang,1,* Li Wei,2,* Wenjing Yu,1 Xia Cui,1 Xiaofang Liu,2 Qian Wang,1 Sumei Wang2 1Department of Pediatrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Department of Pediatrics, Dongfang Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction (JPZDD is a dedicated treatment of Tourette syndrome (TS. The balance of neurotransmitters in the cortico-striato-pallido-thalamo-cortical network is crucial to the occurrence of TS and related to its severity. This study evaluated the effect of JPZDD on glutamate (Glu and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA and their receptors in a TS rat model.Materials and methods: Rats were divided into four groups (n=12 each. TS was induced in three of the groups by injecting them with 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile for 7 consecutive days. Two model groups were treated with tiapride (Tia or JPZDD, while the control and the remaining model group were gavaged with saline. Behavior was assessed by stereotypic score and autonomic activity. Striatal Glu and GABA contents were detected using microdialysis. Expressions of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 and GABAA receptor (GABAAR were observed using Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: Tia and JPZDD groups had decreased stereotypy compared with model rats; however, the JPZDD group showed a larger decrease in stereotypy than the Tia group at a 4-week time point. In a spontaneous activity test, the total distance of the JPZDD and Tia groups was significantly decreased compared with the model group. The Glu levels of the model group were higher than the control group and decreased with Tia or JPZDD treatment. The GABA level was higher in the model group than the control group. Expressions of GABAAR protein in the model group were higher than in the control group. Treatment with Tia or JPZDD reduced the expression of GABAAR protein. In the case of the m

  19. Discussion on model making and process construction and practice of architectural environment design%试论《模型制作与工艺》建设与建筑环境设计实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    慕云舒

    2016-01-01

    ”模型制作与工艺”课程是环艺设计专业学生的必修课,其具有较强的综合性和实用性、专业理论性及技术操作性。为更好的实施课程全面建设与实现教学目标,本文针对榆林学院艺术学院环境艺术设计专业《模型制作与工艺》课程,结合日常教学模式与内容,从课程全面建设体系和培养学生综合素质入手,以《模型制作与工艺》课程的性质与特色出发具体探讨了课程教学模式的改革与创新,同时对该课程今后的发展做出了规划。%model of production and technology course is compulsory for environmental Design students with a strong comprehensive and theory and technical operation of.For better implementation of curriculum overall construction and to achieve the goal of teaching,this paper for Yu lin College Art Institute of environmental art design professional model of production , the nature and characteristics of the model making and craft course of specifically discussed the reform and innovation of the teaching mode of the y has made the plan to the course of the future development.

  20. Event Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Lars

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to discuss conceptual event modeling within a context of information modeling. Traditionally, information modeling has been concerned with the modeling of a universe of discourse in terms of information structures. However, most interesting universes of discourse...... are dynamic and we present a modeling approach that can be used to model such dynamics. We characterize events as both information objects and change agents (Bækgaard 1997). When viewed as information objects events are phenomena that can be observed and described. For example, borrow events in a library can...

  1. Event Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Lars

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to discuss conceptual event modeling within a context of information modeling. Traditionally, information modeling has been concerned with the modeling of a universe of discourse in terms of information structures. However, most interesting universes of discourse...... are dynamic and we present a modeling approach that can be used to model such dynamics.We characterize events as both information objects and change agents (Bækgaard 1997). When viewed as information objects events are phenomena that can be observed and described. For example, borrow events in a library can...

  2. Effects of Caryota mitis profilin-loaded PLGA nanoparticles in a murine model of allergic asthma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao X

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Xiaojun Xiao,1,* Xiaowei Zeng,2,* Xinxin Zhang,3,* Li Ma,3 Xiaoyu Liu,1 Haiqiong Yu,1 Lin Mei,2 Zhigang Liu1 1Institute of Allergy and Immunology, School of Medicine, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 2Division of Life and Health Sciences, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen, 3Faculty of Basic Medical Science, Nanchang University, Nanchang, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Pollen allergy is the most common allergic disease. However, tropical pollens, such as those of Palmae, have seldom been investigated compared with the specific immunotherapy studies done on hyperallergenic birch, olive, and ragweed pollens. Although poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA has been extensively applied as a biodegradable polymer in medical devices, it has rarely been utilized as a vaccine adjuvant to prevent and treat allergic disease. In this study, we investigated the immunotherapeutic effects of recombinant Caryota mitis profilin (rCmP-loaded PLGA nanoparticles and the underlying mechanisms involved. Methods: A mouse model of allergenic asthma was established for specific immunotherapy using rCmP-loaded PLGA nanoparticles as the adjuvant. The model was evaluated by determining airway hyperresponsiveness and levels of serum-specific antibodies (IgE, IgG, and IgG2a and cytokines, and observing histologic sections of lung tissue. Results: The rCmP-loaded PLGA nanoparticles effectively inhibited generation of specific IgE and secretion of the Th2 cytokine interleukin-4, facilitated generation of specific IgG2a and secretion of the Th1 cytokine interferon-gamma, converted the Th2 response to Th1, and evidently alleviated allergic symptoms. Conclusion: PLGA functions more appropriately as a specific immunotherapy adjuvant for allergen vaccines than does conventional Al(OH3 due to its superior efficacy, longer potency, and markedly fewer side effects. The rCmP-loaded PLGA nanoparticles developed

  3. Size distributions of secondary and primary aerosols in Asia: A 3-D modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, F.; Luo, G.; Wang, Z.

    2009-12-01

    Asian aerosols have received increasing attention because of their potential health and climate effects and the rapid increasing of Asian emissions associated with accelerating economic expansion. Aerosol particles appear in the atmosphere due to either in-situ nucleation (i.e, secondary particles) or direct emissions (i.e., primary particles), and their environmental impacts depend strongly on their concentrations, sizes, compositions, and mixing states. A size-resolved (sectional) particle microphysics model with a number of computationally efficient schemes has been incorporated into a global chemistry transport model (GEOS-Chem) to simulate the number size distributions of secondary and primary particles in the troposphere (Yu and Luo, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 9, 10597-10645, 2009). The growth of nucleated particles through the condensation of sulfuric acid vapor and equilibrium uptake of nitrate, ammonium, and secondary organic aerosol is explicitly simulated, along with the coating of primary particles (dust, black carbon, organic carbon, and sea salt) by volatile components via condensation and coagulation with secondary particles. Here we look into the spatiotemporal variations of the size distributions of secondary and primary aerosols in Asia. The annual mean number concentration of the accumulation mode particles (dry diameter > ~ 100 nm) in the lower troposphere over Asia (especially China) is very high and is dominated (~70-90%) by carbonaceous primary particles (with coated condensable species). Coagulation and condensation turn the primary particles into mixed particles and on average increase the dry sizes of primary particles by a factor of ~ 2-2.5. Despite of high condensation sink, sulfuric acid vapor concentration in many parts of Asian low troposphere is very high (annual mean values above 1E7/cm3) and significant new particle formation still occurs. Secondary particles generally dominate the particles small than 100 nm and the equilibrium

  4. Numerical models

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Unnikrishnan, A; Manoj, N.T.

    Various numerical models used to study the dynamics and horizontal distribution of salinity in Mandovi-Zuari estuaries, Goa, India is discussed in this chapter. Earlier, a one-dimensional network model was developed for representing the complex...

  5. Computable models

    CERN Document Server

    Turner, Raymond

    2009-01-01

    Computational models can be found everywhere in present day science and engineering. In providing a logical framework and foundation for the specification and design of specification languages, Raymond Turner uses this framework to introduce and study computable models. In doing so he presents the first systematic attempt to provide computational models with a logical foundation. Computable models have wide-ranging applications from programming language semantics and specification languages, through to knowledge representation languages and formalism for natural language semantics. They are al

  6. MODELING CONSCIOUSNESS

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, J G

    2009-01-01

    We present tentative answers to three questions: firstly, what is to be assumed about the structure of the brain in attacking the problem of modeling consciousness; secondly, what is it about consciousness that is attempting to be modeled; and finally, what is taken on board the modeling enterprise, if anything, from the vast works by philosophers about the nature of mind.

  7. Zeebrugge Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sclütter, Flemming; Frigaard, Peter; Liu, Zhou

    This report presents the model test results on wave run-up on the Zeebrugge breakwater under the simulated prototype storms. The model test was performed in January 2000 at the Hydraulics & Coastal Engineering Laboratory, Aalborg University. The detailed description of the model is given...

  8. Interface models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Anders P.; Staunstrup, Jørgen

    1994-01-01

    This paper proposes a model for specifying interfaces between concurrently executing modules of a computing system. The model does not prescribe a particular type of communication protocol and is aimed at describing interfaces between both software and hardware modules or a combination of the two....... The model describes both functional and timing properties of an interface...

  9. Constitutive Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    This chapter presents various types of constitutive models and their applications. There are 3 aspects dealt with in this chapter, namely: creation and solution of property models, the application of parameter estimation and finally application examples of constitutive models. A systematic...

  10. Model Experiments and Model Descriptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackman, Charles H.; Ko, Malcolm K. W.; Weisenstein, Debra; Scott, Courtney J.; Shia, Run-Lie; Rodriguez, Jose; Sze, N. D.; Vohralik, Peter; Randeniya, Lakshman; Plumb, Ian

    1999-01-01

    The Second Workshop on Stratospheric Models and Measurements Workshop (M&M II) is the continuation of the effort previously started in the first Workshop (M&M I, Prather and Remsberg [1993]) held in 1992. As originally stated, the aim of M&M is to provide a foundation for establishing the credibility of stratospheric models used in environmental assessments of the ozone response to chlorofluorocarbons, aircraft emissions, and other climate-chemistry interactions. To accomplish this, a set of measurements of the present day atmosphere was selected. The intent was that successful simulations of the set of measurements should become the prerequisite for the acceptance of these models as having a reliable prediction for future ozone behavior. This section is divided into two: model experiment and model descriptions. In the model experiment, participant were given the charge to design a number of experiments that would use observations to test whether models are using the correct mechanisms to simulate the distributions of ozone and other trace gases in the atmosphere. The purpose is closely tied to the needs to reduce the uncertainties in the model predicted responses of stratospheric ozone to perturbations. The specifications for the experiments were sent out to the modeling community in June 1997. Twenty eight modeling groups responded to the requests for input. The first part of this section discusses the different modeling group, along with the experiments performed. Part two of this section, gives brief descriptions of each model as provided by the individual modeling groups.

  11. Scalable Models Using Model Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-13

    and the following companies: Agilent, Bosch, HSBC , Lockheed-Martin, National Instruments, and Toyota. Scalable Models Using Model Transformation...parametrization, and workflow automation. (AFRL), the State of California Micro Program, and the following companies: Agi- lent, Bosch, HSBC , Lockheed

  12. Cadastral Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    to the modeling of an industrial sector, as it aims at rendering the basic concepts that relate to the domain of real estate and the pertinent human activities. The palpable objects are pieces of land and buildings, documents, data stores and archives, as well as persons in their diverse roles as owners, holders...... to land. The paper advances the position that cadastral modeling has to include not only the physical objects, agents, and information sets of the domain, but also the objectives or requirements of cadastral systems.......Modeling is a term that refers to a variety of efforts, including data and process modeling. The domain to be modeled may be a department, an organization, or even an industrial sector. E-business presupposes the modeling of an industrial sector, a substantial task. Cadastral modeling compares...

  13. Incorporation of new particle formation and early growth treatments into WRF/Chem: Model improvement, evaluation, and impacts of anthropogenic aerosols over East Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Changjie; Zhang, Xin; Wang, Kai; Zhang, Yang; Wang, Litao; Zhang, Qiang; Duan, Fengkui; He, Kebin; Yu, Shao-Cai

    2016-01-01

    New particle formation (NPF) provides an important source of aerosol particles and cloud condensation nuclei, which may result in enhanced cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC) and cloud shortwave albedo. In this work, several nucleation parameterizations and one particle early growth parameterization are implemented into the online-coupled Weather Research and Forecasting model coupled with chemistry (WRF/Chem) to improve the model's capability in simulating NPF and early growth of ultrafine particles over East Asia. The default 8-bin over the size range of 39 nm-10 μm used in the Model for Simulating Aerosol Interactions and Chemistry aerosol module is expanded to the 12-bin over 1 nm-10 μm to explicitly track the formation and evolution of new particles. Although model biases remain in simulating H2SO4, condensation sink, growth rate, and formation rate, the evaluation of July 2008 simulation identifies a combination of three nucleation parameterizations (i.e., COMB) that can best represent the atmospheric nucleation processes in terms of both surface nucleation events and the resulting vertical distribution of ultrafine particle concentrations. COMB consists of a power law of Wang et al. (2011) based on activation theory for urban areas in planetary boundary layer (PBL), a power law of Boy et al. (2008) based on activation theory for non-urban areas in PBL, and the ion-mediated nucleation parameterization of YU10 for above PBL. The application and evaluation of the improved model with 12-bin and the COMB nucleation parameterization in East Asia during January, April, July, and October in 2001 show that the model has an overall reasonably good skill in reproducing most observed meteorological variables and surface and column chemical concentrations. Relatively large biases in simulated precipitation and wind speeds are due to inaccurate surface roughness and limitations in model treatments of cloud formation and aerosol-cloud-precipitation interactions

  14. Modelling in Business Model design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simonse, W.L.

    2013-01-01

    It appears that business model design might not always produce a design or model as the expected result. However when designers are involved, a visual model or artefact is produced. To assist strategic managers in thinking about how they can act, the designers challenge is to combine strategy and

  15. Climate Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Druyan, Leonard M.

    2012-01-01

    Climate models is a very broad topic, so a single volume can only offer a small sampling of relevant research activities. This volume of 14 chapters includes descriptions of a variety of modeling studies for a variety of geographic regions by an international roster of authors. The climate research community generally uses the rubric climate models to refer to organized sets of computer instructions that produce simulations of climate evolution. The code is based on physical relationships that describe the shared variability of meteorological parameters such as temperature, humidity, precipitation rate, circulation, radiation fluxes, etc. Three-dimensional climate models are integrated over time in order to compute the temporal and spatial variations of these parameters. Model domains can be global or regional and the horizontal and vertical resolutions of the computational grid vary from model to model. Considering the entire climate system requires accounting for interactions between solar insolation, atmospheric, oceanic and continental processes, the latter including land hydrology and vegetation. Model simulations may concentrate on one or more of these components, but the most sophisticated models will estimate the mutual interactions of all of these environments. Advances in computer technology have prompted investments in more complex model configurations that consider more phenomena interactions than were possible with yesterday s computers. However, not every attempt to add to the computational layers is rewarded by better model performance. Extensive research is required to test and document any advantages gained by greater sophistication in model formulation. One purpose for publishing climate model research results is to present purported advances for evaluation by the scientific community.

  16. P2P网贷与网购平台相结合的模式设计%Business Model of Combined Peer to Peer Lending Loan Platform and Online Shopping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩天明; 孟艳华

    2014-01-01

    通过比较一种新型的互联网金融业务---P2 P个人网络借贷的三种典型运作模式,发现P2 P网贷在我国出现了变异,已经不是本来意义上的个人对个人的信用模式。借鉴余额宝和阿里小贷的成功经验,提出一种将网贷与网购平台相结合的业务模式,该模式具有交易成本低、收益率高、服务人数广泛、业务模式清晰、法律风险小等多种优点,可以实现多方共赢。%Peer to peer ( P2P) lending is an emerging Internet financial business.By comparing the typical three kinds of operation mode , it is found that P2P lending has deviated from its original sense , that is, person to person credit mode.Meanwhile , referring to the success of YuEbao and Ali micro-credit , a new business model which combines P2P lending platform with online shopping platform is explored.This business model has so many advantages , such as low transaction costs , high income rate , wide-ranging service , clear business framework, low legal risk and so on , which will create a win-win situation for the participants.

  17. Andrographolide suppresses thymic stromal lymphopoietin in phorbol myristate acetate/calcium ionophore A23187-activated mast cells and 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene-induced atopic dermatitis-like mice model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li CX

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Chun-xiao Li,* Hua-guo Li,* Hui Zhang,* Ru-hong Cheng, Ming Li, Jian-ying Liang, Yan Gu, Bo Ling, Zhi-rong Yao, Hong Yu Department of Dermatology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD is one of the most common inflammatory cutaneous diseases. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP has been demonstrated to be an important immunologic factor in the pathogenesis of AD. The production of TSLP can be induced by a high level of intracellular calcium concentration and activation of the receptor-interacting protein 2/caspase-1/NF-κB pathway. Andrographolide (ANDRO, a natural bicyclic diterpenoid lactone, has been found to exert anti-inflammatory effects in gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders through suppressing the NF-κB pathway. Objective: To explore the effect of ANDRO on the production of TSLP in human mast cells and AD mice model. Methods: We utilized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis, Western blot analysis, and immunofluorescence staining assay to investigate the effects of ANDRO on AD. Results: ANDRO ameliorated the increase in the intracellular calcium, protein, and messenger RNA levels of TSLP induced by phorbol myristate acetate/calcium ionophore A23187, through the blocking of the receptor-interacting protein 2/caspase-1/NF-κB pathway in human mast cell line 1 cells. ANDRO, via oral or local administration, also attenuated clinical symptoms in 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene-induced AD mice model and suppressed the levels of TSLP in lesional skin. Conclusion: Taken together, ANDRO may be a potential therapeutic agent for AD through suppressing the expression of TSLP. Keywords: atopic dermatitis, thymic stromal lymphopoietin, andrographolide, human mast cell

  18. Mathematical modelling

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a thorough introduction to the challenge of applying mathematics in real-world scenarios. Modelling tasks rarely involve well-defined categories, and they often require multidisciplinary input from mathematics, physics, computer sciences, or engineering. In keeping with this spirit of modelling, the book includes a wealth of cross-references between the chapters and frequently points to the real-world context. The book combines classical approaches to modelling with novel areas such as soft computing methods, inverse problems, and model uncertainty. Attention is also paid to the interaction between models, data and the use of mathematical software. The reader will find a broad selection of theoretical tools for practicing industrial mathematics, including the analysis of continuum models, probabilistic and discrete phenomena, and asymptotic and sensitivity analysis.

  19. Turbulence Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mogens Peter; Shui, Wan; Johansson, Jens

    2011-01-01

    In this report a new turbulence model is presented.In contrast to the bulk of modern work, the model is a classical continuum model with a relatively simple constitutive equation. The constitutive equation is, as usual in continuum mechanics, entirely empirical. It has the usual Newton or Stokes...... term with stresses depending linearly on the strain rates. This term takes into account the transfer of linear momentum from one part of the fluid to another. Besides there is another term, which takes into account the transfer of angular momentum. Thus the model implies a new definition of turbulence....... The model is in a virgin state, but a number of numerical tests have been carried out with good results. It is published to encourage other researchers to study the model in order to find its merits and possible limitations....

  20. Mathematical modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blomhøj, Morten

    2004-01-01

    Developing competences for setting up, analysing and criticising mathematical models are normally seen as relevant only from and above upper secondary level. The general belief among teachers is that modelling activities presuppose conceptual understanding of the mathematics involved. Mathematical...... modelling, however, can be seen as a practice of teaching that place the relation between real life and mathematics into the centre of teaching and learning mathematics, and this is relevant at all levels. Modelling activities may motivate the learning process and help the learner to establish cognitive...... roots for the construction of important mathematical concepts. In addition competences for setting up, analysing and criticising modelling processes and the possible use of models is a formative aim in this own right for mathematics teaching in general education. The paper presents a theoretical...

  1. Spherical models

    CERN Document Server

    Wenninger, Magnus J

    2012-01-01

    Well-illustrated, practical approach to creating star-faced spherical forms that can serve as basic structures for geodesic domes. Complete instructions for making models from circular bands of paper with just a ruler and compass. Discusses tessellation, or tiling, and how to make spherical models of the semiregular solids and concludes with a discussion of the relationship of polyhedra to geodesic domes and directions for building models of domes. "". . . very pleasant reading."" - Science. 1979 edition.

  2. Small signal gain based on analytic models of thin intense electron beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    James Elliott, C.; McVey, Brian; Schmitt, Mark

    1991-07-01

    We develop the free electron laser theory of the effective energy distribution and the small signal gain for a thin electron beam. The assumption of thinness allows us to treat various transverse locations and electron beam trajectory angles as introducing phase shifts that have the same effect as those introduced by a change in energy of the electron. These ideas extend previous work of Colson et al., Dattoli et al., Scharlemann, and others in five important ways. The first is the ability to treat electron beams with three different classes of matching or symmetry conditions: (i) electron beams with separate betatron matching in each plane. (ii) those with aspect ratio matching, and (iii) crossed matched beams. Manifestations of these symmetries include elliptical cross-sections and electron beams that have modulated spatial profiles. For these we derive analytical expressions for effective energy distributions. Second, two emittance parameters for the electron beam are shown to consolidate into a single parameter that describes most of the energy variation of the effective energy distributions. Thus, the effective energy distribution for a 1:4 ribbon electron beam is nearly equivalent to a distribution for a beam of circular cross-section. Third, these calculations extend to energy distributions, angular distributions, and spatial distributions that all follow Gaussian profiles. Fourth, this model incorporates the description of the incident Gaussian optical beam and the above electron beam dynamics into a single influence function kernel. Emittance, energy spread, diffraction, and gain may be interpreted as limiting the length over which the bunching contributions of the propagating electric fields downstream are important. Fifth, three-dimensional profiles of the optical fields are computed. This work is complementary to the recent work of Yu, Krinsky and Gluckstern in that ours always describes the transition from low gain to high gain for a thin beam and not

  3. Mathematical modeling of postcoinfection with influenza A virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae, with implications for pneumonia and COPD-risk assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng YH

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Yi-Hsien Cheng,1 Shu-Han You,2 Yi-Jun Lin,3 Szu-Chieh Chen,4,5 Wei-Yu Chen,6 Wei-Chun Chou,2 Nan-Hung Hsieh,7 Chung-Min Liao3 1Institute of Computational Comparative Medicine (ICCM, Department of Anatomy and Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA; 2National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, 3Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 4Department of Public Health, 5Department of Family and Community Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, 6Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 7Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA Background: The interaction between influenza and pneumococcus is important for understanding how coinfection may exacerbate pneumonia. Secondary pneumococcal pneumonia associated with influenza infection is more likely to increase respiratory morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess exacerbated inflammatory effects posed by secondary pneumococcal pneumonia, given prior influenza infection. Materials and methods: A well-derived mathematical within-host dynamic model of coinfection with influenza A virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP integrated with dose–response relationships composed of previously published mouse experimental data and clinical studies was implemented to study potentially exacerbated inflammatory responses in pneumonia based on a probabilistic approach. Results: We found that TNFα is likely to be the most sensitive biomarker reflecting inflammatory response during coinfection among three explored cytokines. We showed that the worst inflammatory effects would occur at day 7 SP coinfection, with risk probability of 50% (likely to develop severe

  4. Modeling the Spectrum of the 2ν_2 and ν_4 States of Ammonia to Experimental Accuracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, John C.; Yu, Shanshan

    2013-06-01

    The vibrational spectrum of ammonia has received an enormous amount of attention due to its prevalence in hot exo-planet atmospheres and persistent challenges in assigning and modeling highly excited and often highly preturbed states, resulting from strong coupling between the large amplitude inversion and the other small amplituded vibrations. Previously, only the ground and ν_2 positions could be modeled to experimental accuracy using effective Hamiltonians. However, problems persist in calculation of transition intensities especially in the "forbidden" Δ K=3 bands. Several previous attempts to analyze the 2ν_2 and ν_4 failed to model both the microwave and infrared transitions to experimental accuracy. We report comprehensive measurements of the pure rotational spectrum in the 2ν_2, ν_4 and 2ν_2 - ν_4 bands. Over 180 new frequency measured transitions and several thousand infrared transitions have been assigned in the microwave spectrum, in a long path, room temperature, spectrum from SOLEIL, and in an RF discharge emission spectrum also from SOLEIL. The new data has been combined with all the previously published high resoloution data. We report a global analysis of the pure rotation in 2ν_2 and ν_4, the difference band 2ν_2-ν_4, the hot bands 2ν_2-ν_2 and ν_4-ν_2, the 2ν_2 overtone, and the ν_4 fundamental. Experimental accuracy has been achieved in a fit of all the data with stated experimetal uncertainties. Achieving experimental accuracy required inclusion of a number of terms in the effective Hamiltonian that were neglected in previous work. These terms have also been neglected in the analysis of higher lying states suggesting that the inversion-rotation-vibration spectrum of ammonia may be far more tractable to effective Hamiltonians than previously believed. Yu, Pearson, Drouin, Sung, Pirali, Vervoet, Martin-Drumel, Endres, Shiraishi, Kobayashi, and Matsushima, J. Chem. Phys. {133} (2010) 174317. Cottaz, Kleiner, Tarrago, Brown

  5. Zeebrugge Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Zhou; Frigaard, Peter

    This report presents the model on wave run-up and run-down on the Zeebrugge breakwater under short-crested oblique wave attacks. The model test was performed in March-April 2000 at the Hydraulics & Coastal Engineering Laboratory, Aalborg University.......This report presents the model on wave run-up and run-down on the Zeebrugge breakwater under short-crested oblique wave attacks. The model test was performed in March-April 2000 at the Hydraulics & Coastal Engineering Laboratory, Aalborg University....

  6. Stream Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Kristian

    the engineers, but as the scale and the complexity of the hydraulic works increased, the mathematical models became so complex that a mathematical solution could not be obtained. This created a demand for new methods and again the experimental investigation became popular, but this time as measurements on small......-scale models. But still the scale and complexity of hydraulic works were increasing, and soon even small-scale models reached a natural limit for some applications. In the mean time the modern computer was developed, and it became possible to solve complex mathematical models by use of computer-based numerical...

  7. Ventilation Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    V. Chipman

    2002-10-05

    The purpose of the Ventilation Model is to simulate the heat transfer processes in and around waste emplacement drifts during periods of forced ventilation. The model evaluates the effects of emplacement drift ventilation on the thermal conditions in the emplacement drifts and surrounding rock mass, and calculates the heat removal by ventilation as a measure of the viability of ventilation to delay the onset of peak repository temperature and reduce its magnitude. The heat removal by ventilation is temporally and spatially dependent, and is expressed as the fraction of heat carried away by the ventilation air compared to the fraction of heat produced by radionuclide decay. One minus the heat removal is called the wall heat fraction, or the remaining amount of heat that is transferred via conduction to the surrounding rock mass. Downstream models, such as the ''Multiscale Thermohydrologic Model'' (BSC 2001), use the wall heat fractions as outputted from the Ventilation Model to initialize their post-closure analyses. The Ventilation Model report was initially developed to analyze the effects of preclosure continuous ventilation in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) emplacement drifts, and to provide heat removal data to support EBS design. Revision 00 of the Ventilation Model included documentation of the modeling results from the ANSYS-based heat transfer model. The purposes of Revision 01 of the Ventilation Model are: (1) To validate the conceptual model for preclosure ventilation of emplacement drifts and verify its numerical application in accordance with new procedural requirements as outlined in AP-SIII-10Q, Models (Section 7.0). (2) To satisfy technical issues posed in KTI agreement RDTME 3.14 (Reamer and Williams 2001a). Specifically to demonstrate, with respect to the ANSYS ventilation model, the adequacy of the discretization (Section 6.2.3.1), and the downstream applicability of the model results (i.e. wall heat fractions) to

  8. Modeling Documents with Event Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longhui Wang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Currently deep learning has made great breakthroughs in visual and speech processing, mainly because it draws lessons from the hierarchical mode that brain deals with images and speech. In the field of NLP, a topic model is one of the important ways for modeling documents. Topic models are built on a generative model that clearly does not match the way humans write. In this paper, we propose Event Model, which is unsupervised and based on the language processing mechanism of neurolinguistics, to model documents. In Event Model, documents are descriptions of concrete or abstract events seen, heard, or sensed by people and words are objects in the events. Event Model has two stages: word learning and dimensionality reduction. Word learning is to learn semantics of words based on deep learning. Dimensionality reduction is the process that representing a document as a low dimensional vector by a linear mode that is completely different from topic models. Event Model achieves state-of-the-art results on document retrieval tasks.

  9. Model Selection for Geostatistical Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoeting, Jennifer A.; Davis, Richard A.; Merton, Andrew A.; Thompson, Sandra E.

    2006-02-01

    We consider the problem of model selection for geospatial data. Spatial correlation is typically ignored in the selection of explanatory variables and this can influence model selection results. For example, the inclusion or exclusion of particular explanatory variables may not be apparent when spatial correlation is ignored. To address this problem, we consider the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) as applied to a geostatistical model. We offer a heuristic derivation of the AIC in this context and provide simulation results that show that using AIC for a geostatistical model is superior to the often used approach of ignoring spatial correlation in the selection of explanatory variables. These ideas are further demonstrated via a model for lizard abundance. We also employ the principle of minimum description length (MDL) to variable selection for the geostatistical model. The effect of sampling design on the selection of explanatory covariates is also explored.

  10. Didactical modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Tomas; Hansen, Rune

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to introduce Didactical Modelling as a research methodology in mathematics education. We compare the methodology with other approaches and argue that Didactical Modelling has its own specificity. We discuss the methodological “why” and explain why we find it useful to...

  11. Didactical modelling

    OpenAIRE

    Højgaard, Tomas; Hansen, Rune

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to introduce Didactical Modelling as a research methodology in mathematics education. We compare the methodology with other approaches and argue that Didactical Modelling has its own specificity. We discuss the methodological “why” and explain why we find it useful to construct this approach in mathematics education research.

  12. Animal models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, Jens Peter; Krentz, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    In this issue of Cardiovascular Endocrinology, we are proud to present a broad and dedicated spectrum of reviews on animal models in cardiovascular disease. The reviews cover most aspects of animal models in science from basic differences and similarities between small animals and the human...

  13. Martingale Model

    OpenAIRE

    Giandomenico, Rossano

    2006-01-01

    The model determines a stochastic continuous process as continuous limit of a stochastic discrete process so to show that the stochastic continuous process converges to the stochastic discrete process such that we can integrate it. Furthermore, the model determines the expected volatility and the expected mean so to show that the volatility and the mean are increasing function of the time.

  14. Dispersion Modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budiansky, Stephen

    1980-01-01

    This article discusses the need for more accurate and complete input data and field verification of the various models of air pollutant dispension. Consideration should be given to changing the form of air quality standards based on enhanced dispersion modeling techniques. (Author/RE)

  15. Education models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poortman, Sybilla; Sloep, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Educational models describes a case study on a complex learning object. Possibilities are investigated for using this learning object, which is based on a particular educational model, outside of its original context. Furthermore, this study provides advice that might lead to an increase in

  16. Battery Modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongerden, M.R.; Haverkort, Boudewijn R.H.M.

    2008-01-01

    The use of mobile devices is often limited by the capacity of the employed batteries. The battery lifetime determines how long one can use a device. Battery modeling can help to predict, and possibly extend this lifetime. Many different battery models have been developed over the years. However,

  17. Linguistic models and linguistic modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedryez, W; Vasilakos, A V

    1999-01-01

    The study is concerned with a linguistic approach to the design of a new category of fuzzy (granular) models. In contrast to numerically driven identification techniques, we concentrate on budding meaningful linguistic labels (granules) in the space of experimental data and forming the ensuing model as a web of associations between such granules. As such models are designed at the level of information granules and generate results in the same granular rather than pure numeric format, we refer to them as linguistic models. Furthermore, as there are no detailed numeric estimation procedures involved in the construction of the linguistic models carried out in this way, their design mode can be viewed as that of a rapid prototyping. The underlying algorithm used in the development of the models utilizes an augmented version of the clustering technique (context-based clustering) that is centered around a notion of linguistic contexts-a collection of fuzzy sets or fuzzy relations defined in the data space (more precisely a space of input variables). The detailed design algorithm is provided and contrasted with the standard modeling approaches commonly encountered in the literature. The usefulness of the linguistic mode of system modeling is discussed and illustrated with the aid of numeric studies including both synthetic data as well as some time series dealing with modeling traffic intensity over a broadband telecommunication network.

  18. OSPREY Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veronica J. Rutledge

    2013-01-01

    The absence of industrial scale nuclear fuel reprocessing in the U.S. has precluded the necessary driver for developing the advanced simulation capability now prevalent in so many other countries. Thus, it is essential to model complex series of unit operations to simulate, understand, and predict inherent transient behavior and feedback loops. A capability of accurately simulating the dynamic behavior of advanced fuel cycle separation processes will provide substantial cost savings and many technical benefits. The specific fuel cycle separation process discussed in this report is the off-gas treatment system. The off-gas separation consists of a series of scrubbers and adsorption beds to capture constituents of interest. Dynamic models are being developed to simulate each unit operation involved so each unit operation can be used as a stand-alone model and in series with multiple others. Currently, an adsorption model has been developed within Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Off-gas Separation and REcoverY (OSPREY) models the adsorption of off-gas constituents for dispersed plug flow in a packed bed under non-isothermal and non-isobaric conditions. Inputs to the model include gas, sorbent, and column properties, equilibrium and kinetic data, and inlet conditions. The simulation outputs component concentrations along the column length as a function of time from which breakthrough data is obtained. The breakthrough data can be used to determine bed capacity, which in turn can be used to size columns. It also outputs temperature along the column length as a function of time and pressure drop along the column length. Experimental data and parameters were input into the adsorption model to develop models specific for krypton adsorption. The same can be done for iodine, xenon, and tritium. The model will be validated with experimental breakthrough curves. Customers will be given access to

  19. Model hydrographs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, W.D.

    1972-01-01

    Model hydrographs are composed of pairs of dimensionless ratios, arrayed in tabular form, which, when modified by the appropriate values of rainfall exceed and by the time and areal characteristics of the drainage basin, satisfactorily represent the flood hydrograph for the basin. Model bydrographs are developed from a dimensionless translation hydrograph, having a time base of T hours and appropriately modified for storm duration by routing through reservoir storage, S=kOx. Models fall into two distinct classes: (1) those for which the value of x is unity and which have all the characteristics of true unit hydrographs and (2) those for which the value of x is other than unity and to which the unit-hydrograph principles of proportionality and superposition do not apply. Twenty-six families of linear models and eight families of nonlinear models in tabular form from the principal subject of this report. Supplemental discussions describe the development of the models and illustrate their application. Other sections of the report, supplemental to the tables, describe methods of determining the hydrograph characteristics, T, k, and x, both from observed hydrograph and from the physical characteristics of the drainage basin. Five illustrative examples of use show that the models, when properly converted to incorporate actual rainfall excess and the time and areal characteristics of the drainage basins, do indeed satisfactorily represent the observed flood hydrographs for the basins.

  20. Stereometric Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimaldi, P.

    2012-07-01

    These mandatory guidelines are provided for preparation of papers accepted for publication in the series of Volumes of The The stereometric modelling means modelling achieved with : - the use of a pair of virtual cameras, with parallel axes and positioned at a mutual distance average of 1/10 of the distance camera-object (in practice the realization and use of a stereometric camera in the modeling program); - the shot visualization in two distinct windows - the stereoscopic viewing of the shot while modelling. Since the definition of "3D vision" is inaccurately referred to as the simple perspective of an object, it is required to add the word stereo so that "3D stereo vision " shall stand for "three-dimensional view" and ,therefore, measure the width, height and depth of the surveyed image. Thanks to the development of a stereo metric model , either real or virtual, through the "materialization", either real or virtual, of the optical-stereo metric model made visible with a stereoscope. It is feasible a continuous on line updating of the cultural heritage with the help of photogrammetry and stereometric modelling. The catalogue of the Architectonic Photogrammetry Laboratory of Politecnico di Bari is available on line at: http://rappresentazione.stereofot.it:591/StereoFot/FMPro?-db=StereoFot.fp5&-lay=Scheda&-format=cerca.htm&-view

  1. Modeling complexes of modeled proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anishchenko, Ivan; Kundrotas, Petras J; Vakser, Ilya A

    2017-03-01

    Structural characterization of proteins is essential for understanding life processes at the molecular level. However, only a fraction of known proteins have experimentally determined structures. This fraction is even smaller for protein-protein complexes. Thus, structural modeling of protein-protein interactions (docking) primarily has to rely on modeled structures of the individual proteins, which typically are less accurate than the experimentally determined ones. Such "double" modeling is the Grand Challenge of structural reconstruction of the interactome. Yet it remains so far largely untested in a systematic way. We present a comprehensive validation of template-based and free docking on a set of 165 complexes, where each protein model has six levels of structural accuracy, from 1 to 6 Å C(α) RMSD. Many template-based docking predictions fall into acceptable quality category, according to the CAPRI criteria, even for highly inaccurate proteins (5-6 Å RMSD), although the number of such models (and, consequently, the docking success rate) drops significantly for models with RMSD > 4 Å. The results show that the existing docking methodologies can be successfully applied to protein models with a broad range of structural accuracy, and the template-based docking is much less sensitive to inaccuracies of protein models than the free docking. Proteins 2017; 85:470-478. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. A Model for Math Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Tony; Erfan, Sasan

    2016-01-01

    Mathematical modeling is an open-ended research subject where no definite answers exist for any problem. Math modeling enables thinking outside the box to connect different fields of studies together including statistics, algebra, calculus, matrices, programming and scientific writing. As an integral part of society, it is the foundation for many…

  3. Modelling survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashauer, Roman; Albert, Carlo; Augustine, Starrlight

    2016-01-01

    The General Unified Threshold model for Survival (GUTS) integrates previously published toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic models and estimates survival with explicitly defined assumptions. Importantly, GUTS accounts for time-variable exposure to the stressor. We performed three studies to test...... the ability of GUTS to predict survival of aquatic organisms across different pesticide exposure patterns, time scales and species. Firstly, using synthetic data, we identified experimental data requirements which allow for the estimation of all parameters of the GUTS proper model. Secondly, we assessed how...

  4. Modeling Spectra of Icy Satellites and Cometary Icy Particles Using Multi-Sphere T-Matrix Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolokolova, Ludmilla; Mackowski, Daniel; Pitman, Karly M.; Joseph, Emily C. S.; Buratti, Bonnie J.; Protopapa, Silvia; Kelley, Michael S.

    2016-10-01

    The Multi-Sphere T-matrix code (MSTM) allows rigorous computations of characteristics of the light scattered by a cluster of spherical particles. It was introduced to the scientific community in 1996 (Mackowski & Mishchenko, 1996, JOSA A, 13, 2266). Later it was put online and became one of the most popular codes to study photopolarimetric properties of aggregated particles. Later versions of this code, especially its parallelized version MSTM3 (Mackowski & Mishchenko, 2011, JQSRT, 112, 2182), were used to compute angular and wavelength dependence of the intensity and polarization of light scattered by aggregates of up to 4000 constituent particles (Kolokolova & Mackowski, 2012, JQSRT, 113, 2567). The version MSTM4 considers large thick slabs of spheres (Mackowski, 2014, Proc. of the Workshop ``Scattering by aggregates``, Bremen, Germany, March 2014, Th. Wriedt & Yu. Eremin, Eds., 6) and is significantly different from the earlier versions. It adopts a Discrete Fourier Convolution, implemented using a Fast Fourier Transform, for evaluation of the exciting field. MSTM4 is able to treat dozens of thousands of spheres and is about 100 times faster than the MSTM3 code. This allows us not only to compute the light scattering properties of a large number of electromagnetically interacting constituent particles, but also to perform multi-wavelength and multi-angular computations using computer resources with rather reasonable CPU and computer memory. We used MSTM4 to model near-infrared spectra of icy satellites of Saturn (Rhea, Dione, and Tethys data from Cassini VIMS), and of icy particles observed in the coma of comet 103P/Hartley 2 (data from EPOXI/DI HRII). Results of our modeling show that in the case of icy satellites the best fit to the observed spectra is provided by regolith made of spheres of radius ~1 micron with a porosity in the range 85% - 95%, which slightly varies for the different satellites. Fitting the spectra of the cometary icy particles requires icy

  5. Modelling Constructs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kindler, Ekkart

    2009-01-01

    There are many different notations and formalisms for modelling business processes and workflows. These notations and formalisms have been introduced with different purposes and objectives. Later, influenced by other notations, comparisons with other tools, or by standardization efforts, these no...

  6. Linear Models

    CERN Document Server

    Searle, Shayle R

    2012-01-01

    This 1971 classic on linear models is once again available--as a Wiley Classics Library Edition. It features material that can be understood by any statistician who understands matrix algebra and basic statistical methods.

  7. Modeling Arcs

    CERN Document Server

    Insepov, Zeke; Veitzer, Seth; Mahalingam, Sudhakar

    2011-01-01

    Although vacuum arcs were first identified over 110 years ago, they are not yet well understood. We have since developed a model of breakdown and gradient limits that tries to explain, in a self-consistent way: arc triggering, plasma initiation, plasma evolution, surface damage and gra- dient limits. We use simple PIC codes for modeling plasmas, molecular dynamics for modeling surface breakdown, and surface damage, and mesoscale surface thermodynamics and finite element electrostatic codes for to evaluate surface properties. Since any given experiment seems to have more variables than data points, we have tried to consider a wide variety of arcing (rf structures, e beam welding, laser ablation, etc.) to help constrain the problem, and concentrate on common mechanisms. While the mechanisms can be comparatively simple, modeling can be challenging.

  8. Paleoclimate Modeling

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Computer simulations of past climate. Variables provided as model output are described by parameter keyword. In some cases the parameter keywords are a subset of all...

  9. Anchor Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regardt, Olle; Rönnbäck, Lars; Bergholtz, Maria; Johannesson, Paul; Wohed, Petia

    Maintaining and evolving data warehouses is a complex, error prone, and time consuming activity. The main reason for this state of affairs is that the environment of a data warehouse is in constant change, while the warehouse itself needs to provide a stable and consistent interface to information spanning extended periods of time. In this paper, we propose a modeling technique for data warehousing, called anchor modeling, that offers non-destructive extensibility mechanisms, thereby enabling robust and flexible management of changes in source systems. A key benefit of anchor modeling is that changes in a data warehouse environment only require extensions, not modifications, to the data warehouse. This ensures that existing data warehouse applications will remain unaffected by the evolution of the data warehouse, i.e. existing views and functions will not have to be modified as a result of changes in the warehouse model.

  10. Model theory

    CERN Document Server

    Hodges, Wilfrid

    1993-01-01

    An up-to-date and integrated introduction to model theory, designed to be used for graduate courses (for students who are familiar with first-order logic), and as a reference for more experienced logicians and mathematicians.

  11. Beyond Maslow's culture-bound linear theory: a preliminary statement of the double-Y model of basic human needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Kuo-Shu

    2003-01-01

    Maslow's theory of basic human needs is criticized with respect to two of its major aspects, unidimensional linearity and cross-cultural validity. To replace Maslow's linear theory, a revised Y model is proposed on the base of Y. Yu's original Y model. Arranged on the stem of the Y are Maslow's physiological needs (excluding sexual needs) and safety needs. Satisfaction of these needs is indispensable to genetic survival. On the left arm of the Y are interpersonal and belongingness needs, esteem needs, and the self-actualization need. The thoughts and behaviors required for the fulfillment of these needs lead to genetic expression. Lastly, on the right arm of the Y are sexual needs, childbearing needs, and parenting needs. The thoughts and behaviors entailed in the satisfaction of these needs result in genetic transmission. I contend that needs for genetic survival and transmission are universal and that needs for genetic expression are culture-bound. Two major varieties of culture-specific expression needs are distinguished for each of the three levels of needs on the left arm of the Y model. Collectivistic needs for interpersonal affiliation and belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization prevail in collectivist cultures like those found in East Asian countries. Individualistic needs are dominant in individualist cultures like those in North America and certain European nations. I construct two separate Y models, one for people in collectivist cultures and the other for those in individualist ones. In the first (the Yc model), the three levels of expression needs on the left arm are collectivistic in nature, whereas in the second (the Yi model), the three levels of needs on the left arm are individualistic in nature. Various forms of the double-Y model are formulated by conceptually combining the Yc and Yi models at the cross-cultural, crossgroup, and intra-individual levels. Research directions for testing the various aspects of the double-Y model are

  12. Accelerated life models modeling and statistical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Bagdonavicius, Vilijandas

    2001-01-01

    Failure Time DistributionsIntroductionParametric Classes of Failure Time DistributionsAccelerated Life ModelsIntroductionGeneralized Sedyakin's ModelAccelerated Failure Time ModelProportional Hazards ModelGeneralized Proportional Hazards ModelsGeneralized Additive and Additive-Multiplicative Hazards ModelsChanging Shape and Scale ModelsGeneralizationsModels Including Switch-Up and Cycling EffectsHeredity HypothesisSummaryAccelerated Degradation ModelsIntroductionDegradation ModelsModeling the Influence of Explanatory Varia

  13. 14NH_3 Line Positions and Intensities in the Far-Infrared Comparison of Ft-Ir Measurements to Empirical Hamiltonian Model Predictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Keeyoon; Yu, Shanshan; Pearson, John; Pirali, Olivier; Kwabia Tchana, F.; Manceron, Laurent

    2016-06-01

    We have analyzed multiple spectra of high purity (99.5%) normal ammonia sample recorded at room temperatures using the FT-IR and AILES beamline at Synchrotron SOLEIL, France. More than 2830 line positions and intensities are measured for the inversion-rotation and rovibrational transitions in the 50 - 660 wn region. Quantum assignments were made for 2047 transitions from eight bands including four inversion-rotation bands (gs(a-s), νb{2}(a-s), 2νb{2}(a-s), and νb{4}(a-s)) and four ro-vibrational bands (νb{2} - gs, 2νb{2} - gs, νb{4} - νb{2}, and 2νb{2} -νb{4}), as well as covering more than 300 lines of ΔK = 3 forbidden transitions. Out of the eight bands, we note that 2νb{2} - νb{4} has not been listed in the HITRAN 2012 database. The measured line positions for the assigned transitions are in an excellent agreement (typically better than 0.001 wn) with the predictions from the empirical Hamiltonian model [S. Yu, J.C. Pearson, B.J. Drouin, et al.(2010)] in a wide range of J and K for all the eight bands. The comparison with the HITRAN 2012 database is also satisfactory, although systematic offsets are seen for transitions with high J and K and those from weak bands. However, differences of 20% or so are seen in line intensities for allowed transitions between the measurements and the model predictions, depending on the bands. We have also noticed that most of the intensity outliers in the Hamiltonian model predictions belong to transitions from gs(a-s) band. We present the final results of the FT-IR measurements of line positions and intensities, and their comparisons to the model predictions and the HITRAN 2012 database. Research described in this paper was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and California Institute of Technology, under contracts and cooperative agreements with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  14. Do stroke models model stroke?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipp Mergenthaler

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and the biggest reason for long-term disability. Basic research has formed the modern understanding of stroke pathophysiology, and has revealed important molecular, cellular and systemic mechanisms. However, despite decades of research, most translational stroke trials that aim to introduce basic research findings into clinical treatment strategies – most notably in the field of neuroprotection – have failed. Among other obstacles, poor methodological and statistical standards, negative publication bias, and incomplete preclinical testing have been proposed as ‘translational roadblocks’. In this article, we introduce the models commonly used in preclinical stroke research, discuss some of the causes of failed translational success and review potential remedies. We further introduce the concept of modeling ‘care’ of stroke patients, because current preclinical research models the disorder but does not model care or state-of-the-art clinical testing. Stringent statistical methods and controlled preclinical trials have been suggested to counteract weaknesses in preclinical research. We conclude that preclinical stroke research requires (1 appropriate modeling of the disorder, (2 appropriate modeling of the care of stroke patients and (3 an approach to preclinical testing that is similar to clinical testing, including Phase 3 randomized controlled preclinical trials as necessary additional steps before new therapies enter clinical testing.

  15. Persistent Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    The relationship between representation and the represented is examined here through the notion of persistent modelling. This notion is not novel to the activity of architectural design if it is considered as describing a continued active and iterative engagement with design concerns – an evident...... characteristic of architectural practice. But the persistence in persistent modelling can also be understood to apply in other ways, reflecting and anticipating extended roles for representation. This book identifies three principle areas in which these extensions are becoming apparent within contemporary....... It also provides critical insight into the use of contemporary modelling tools and methods, together with an examination of the implications their use has within the territories of architectural design, realisation and experience....

  16. Mathematical modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Eck, Christof; Knabner, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Mathematical models are the decisive tool to explain and predict phenomena in the natural and engineering sciences. With this book readers will learn to derive mathematical models which help to understand real world phenomena. At the same time a wealth of important examples for the abstract concepts treated in the curriculum of mathematics degrees are given. An essential feature of this book is that mathematical structures are used as an ordering principle and not the fields of application. Methods from linear algebra, analysis and the theory of ordinary and partial differential equations are thoroughly introduced and applied in the modeling process. Examples of applications in the fields electrical networks, chemical reaction dynamics, population dynamics, fluid dynamics, elasticity theory and crystal growth are treated comprehensively.

  17. Inflatable Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling Li; Vasily Volkov

    2006-01-01

    A physically-based model is presented for the simulation of a new type of deformable objects-inflatable objects, such as shaped balloons, which consist of pressurized air enclosed by an elastic surface. These objects have properties inherent in both 3D and 2D elastic bodies, as they demonstrate the behaviour of 3D shapes using 2D formulations. As there is no internal structure in them, their behaviour is substantially different from the behaviour of deformable solid objects. We use one of the few available models for deformable surfaces, and enhance it to include the forces of internal and external pressure. These pressure forces may also incorporate buoyancy forces, to allow objects filled with a low density gas to float in denser media. The obtained models demonstrate rich dynamic behaviour, such as bouncing, floating, deflation and inflation.

  18. Lens Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nash, Ulrik William

    2014-01-01

    Firms consist of people who make decisions to achieve goals. How do these people develop the expectations which underpin the choices they make? The lens model provides one answer to this question. It was developed by cognitive psychologist Egon Brunswik (1952) to illustrate his theory of probabil......Firms consist of people who make decisions to achieve goals. How do these people develop the expectations which underpin the choices they make? The lens model provides one answer to this question. It was developed by cognitive psychologist Egon Brunswik (1952) to illustrate his theory...... of probabilistic functionalism, and concerns the environment and the mind, and adaptation by the latter to the former. This entry is about the lens model, and probabilistic functionalism more broadly. Focus will mostly be on firms and their employees, but, to fully appreciate the scope, we have to keep in mind...

  19. Lens Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nash, Ulrik William

    2014-01-01

    Firms consist of people who make decisions to achieve goals. How do these people develop the expectations which underpin the choices they make? The lens model provides one answer to this question. It was developed by cognitive psychologist Egon Brunswik (1952) to illustrate his theory of probabil......Firms consist of people who make decisions to achieve goals. How do these people develop the expectations which underpin the choices they make? The lens model provides one answer to this question. It was developed by cognitive psychologist Egon Brunswik (1952) to illustrate his theory...

  20. Molecular modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aarti Sharma

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of computational chemistry in the development of novel pharmaceuticals is becoming an increasingly important tool. In the past, drugs were simply screened for effectiveness. The recent advances in computing power and the exponential growth of the knowledge of protein structures have made it possible for organic compounds to be tailored to decrease the harmful side effects and increase the potency. This article provides a detailed description of the techniques employed in molecular modeling. Molecular modeling is a rapidly developing discipline, and has been supported by the dramatic improvements in computer hardware and software in recent years.

  1. Smashnova Model

    CERN Document Server

    Sivaram, C

    2007-01-01

    An alternate model for gamma ray bursts is suggested. For a white dwarf (WD) and neutron star (NS) very close binary system, the WD (close to Mch) can detonate due to tidal heating, leading to a SN. Material falling on to the NS at relativistic velocities can cause its collapse to a magnetar or quark star or black hole leading to a GRB. As the material smashes on to the NS, it is dubbed the Smashnova model. Here the SN is followed by a GRB. NS impacting a RG (or RSG) (like in Thorne-Zytkow objects) can also cause a SN outburst followed by a GRB. Other variations are explored.

  2. Modelling language

    CERN Document Server

    Cardey, Sylviane

    2013-01-01

    In response to the need for reliable results from natural language processing, this book presents an original way of decomposing a language(s) in a microscopic manner by means of intra/inter‑language norms and divergences, going progressively from languages as systems to the linguistic, mathematical and computational models, which being based on a constructive approach are inherently traceable. Languages are described with their elements aggregating or repelling each other to form viable interrelated micro‑systems. The abstract model, which contrary to the current state of the art works in int

  3. Building Models and Building Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Kaj Asbjørn; Skauge, Jørn

    I rapportens indledende kapitel beskrives de primære begreber vedrørende bygningsmodeller og nogle fundamentale forhold vedrørende computerbaseret modulering bliver opstillet. Desuden bliver forskellen mellem tegneprogrammer og bygnings­model­lerings­programmer beskrevet. Vigtige aspekter om......­lering og bygningsmodeller. Det bliver understreget at modellering bør udføres på flere abstraktions­niveauer og i to dimensioner i den såkaldte modelleringsmatrix. Ud fra dette identificeres de primære faser af bygningsmodel­lering. Dernæst beskrives de basale karakteristika for bygningsmodeller. Heri...... inkluderes en præcisering af begreberne objektorienteret software og objektorienteret modeller. Det bliver fremhævet at begrebet objektbaseret modellering giver en tilstrækkelig og bedre forståelse. Endelig beskrives forestillingen om den ideale bygningsmodel som værende én samlet model, der anvendes gennem...

  4. Zeebrugge Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Morten S.; Frigaard, Peter

    In the following, results from model tests with Zeebrugge breakwater are presented. The objective with these tests is partly to investigate the influence on wave run-up due to a changing waterlevel during a storm. Finally, the influence on wave run-up due to an introduced longshore current...

  5. Why Model?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olaf eWolkenhauer

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Next generation sequencing technologies are bringing about a renaissance of mining approaches. A comprehensive picture of the genetic landscape of an individual patient will be useful, for example, to identify groups of patients that do or do not respond to certain therapies. The high expectations may however not be satisfied if the number of patient groups with similar characteristics is going to be very large. I therefore doubt that mining sequence data will give us an understanding of why and when therapies work. For understanding the mechanisms underlying diseases, an alternative approach is to model small networks in quantitative mechanistic detail, to elucidate the role of gene and proteins in dynamically changing the functioning of cells. Here an obvious critique is that these models consider too few components, compared to what might be relevant for any particular cell function. I show here that mining approaches and dynamical systems theory are two ends of a spectrum of methodologies to choose from. Drawing upon personal experience in numerous interdisciplinary collaborations, I provide guidance on how to model by discussing the question Why model?

  6. Why model?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolkenhauer, Olaf

    2014-01-01

    Next generation sequencing technologies are bringing about a renaissance of mining approaches. A comprehensive picture of the genetic landscape of an individual patient will be useful, for example, to identify groups of patients that do or do not respond to certain therapies. The high expectations may however not be satisfied if the number of patient groups with similar characteristics is going to be very large. I therefore doubt that mining sequence data will give us an understanding of why and when therapies work. For understanding the mechanisms underlying diseases, an alternative approach is to model small networks in quantitative mechanistic detail, to elucidate the role of gene and proteins in dynamically changing the functioning of cells. Here an obvious critique is that these models consider too few components, compared to what might be relevant for any particular cell function. I show here that mining approaches and dynamical systems theory are two ends of a spectrum of methodologies to choose from. Drawing upon personal experience in numerous interdisciplinary collaborations, I provide guidance on how to model by discussing the question "Why model?"

  7. Model CAPM

    OpenAIRE

    Burianová, Eva

    2008-01-01

    Cílem první části této bakalářské práce je - pomocí analýzy výchozích textů - teoretické shrnutí ekonomických modelů a teorií, na kterých model CAPM stojí: Markowitzův model teorie portfolia (analýza maximalizace očekávaného užitku a na něm založený model výběru optimálního portfolia), Tobina (rozšíření Markowitzova modelu ? rozdělení výběru optimálního portfolia do dvou fází; nejprve určení optimální kombinace rizikových instrumentů a následná alokace dostupného kapitálu mezi tuto optimální ...

  8. Transport modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    R.E. Waltz

    2007-01-01

    @@ There has been remarkable progress during the past decade in understanding and modeling turbulent transport in tokamaks. With some exceptions the progress is derived from the huge increases in computational power and the ability to simulate tokamak turbulence with ever more fundamental and physically realistic dynamical equations, e.g.

  9. Painting models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baart, F.; Donchyts, G.; van Dam, A.; Plieger, M.

    2015-12-01

    The emergence of interactive art has blurred the line between electronic, computer graphics and art. Here we apply this art form to numerical models. Here we show how the transformation of a numerical model into an interactive painting can both provide insights and solve real world problems. The cases that are used as an example include forensic reconstructions, dredging optimization, barrier design. The system can be fed using any source of time varying vector fields, such as hydrodynamic models. The cases used here, the Indian Ocean (HYCOM), the Wadden Sea (Delft3D Curvilinear), San Francisco Bay (3Di subgrid and Delft3D Flexible Mesh), show that the method used is suitable for different time and spatial scales. High resolution numerical models become interactive paintings by exchanging their velocity fields with a high resolution (>=1M cells) image based flow visualization that runs in a html5 compatible web browser. The image based flow visualization combines three images into a new image: the current image, a drawing, and a uv + mask field. The advection scheme that computes the resultant image is executed in the graphics card using WebGL, allowing for 1M grid cells at 60Hz performance on mediocre graphic cards. The software is provided as open source software. By using different sources for a drawing one can gain insight into several aspects of the velocity fields. These aspects include not only the commonly represented magnitude and direction, but also divergence, topology and turbulence .

  10. Modeling Muscles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwyn, Lauren; Salm, Sarah

    2007-01-01

    Teaching the anatomy of the muscle system to high school students can be challenging. Students often learn about muscle anatomy by memorizing information from textbooks or by observing plastic, inflexible models. Although these mediums help students learn about muscle placement, the mediums do not facilitate understanding regarding integration of…

  11. Entrepreneurship Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger Lakes Regional Education Center for Economic Development, Mount Morris, NY.

    This guide describes seven model programs that were developed by the Finger Lakes Regional Center for Economic Development (New York) to meet the training needs of female and minority entrepreneurs to help their businesses survive and grow and to assist disabled and dislocated workers and youth in beginning small businesses. The first three models…

  12. Quality modelling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tijskens, L.M.M.

    2003-01-01

    For modelling product behaviour, with respect to quality for users and consumers, its essential to have at least a fundamental notion what quality really is, and which product properties determine the quality assigned by the consumer to a product. In other words: what is allowed and what is to be

  13. Criticality Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    A. Alsaed

    2004-09-14

    The ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003) presents the methodology for evaluating potential criticality situations in the monitored geologic repository. As stated in the referenced Topical Report, the detailed methodology for performing the disposal criticality analyses will be documented in model reports. Many of the models developed in support of the Topical Report differ from the definition of models as given in the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management procedure AP-SIII.10Q, ''Models'', in that they are procedural, rather than mathematical. These model reports document the detailed methodology necessary to implement the approach presented in the Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report and provide calculations utilizing the methodology. Thus, the governing procedure for this type of report is AP-3.12Q, ''Design Calculations and Analyses''. The ''Criticality Model'' is of this latter type, providing a process evaluating the criticality potential of in-package and external configurations. The purpose of this analysis is to layout the process for calculating the criticality potential for various in-package and external configurations and to calculate lower-bound tolerance limit (LBTL) values and determine range of applicability (ROA) parameters. The LBTL calculations and the ROA determinations are performed using selected benchmark experiments that are applicable to various waste forms and various in-package and external configurations. The waste forms considered in this calculation are pressurized water reactor (PWR), boiling water reactor (BWR), Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), Training Research Isotope General Atomic (TRIGA), Enrico Fermi, Shippingport pressurized water reactor, Shippingport light water breeder reactor (LWBR), N-Reactor, Melt and Dilute, and Fort Saint Vrain Reactor spent nuclear fuel (SNF). The scope of

  14. High-resolution urban flood modelling - a joint probability approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartnett, Michael; Olbert, Agnieszka; Nash, Stephen

    2017-04-01

    The hydrodynamic modelling of rapid flood events due to extreme climatic events in urban environment is both a complex and challenging task. The horizontal resolution necessary to resolve complexity of urban flood dynamics is a critical issue; the presence of obstacles of varying shapes and length scales, gaps between buildings and the complex geometry of the city such as slopes affect flow paths and flood levels magnitudes. These small scale processes require a high resolution grid to be modelled accurately (2m or less, Olbert et al., 2015; Hunter et al., 2008; Brown et al., 2007) and, therefore, altimetry data of at least the same resolution. Along with availability of high-resolution LiDAR data and computational capabilities, as well as state of the art nested modelling approaches, these problems can now be overcome. Flooding and drying, domain definition, frictional resistance and boundary descriptions are all important issues to be addressed when modelling urban flooding. In recent years, the number of urban flood models dramatically increased giving a good insight into various modelling problems and solutions (Mark et al., 2004; Mason et al., 2007; Fewtrell et al., 2008; Shubert et al., 2008). Despite extensive modelling work conducted for fluvial (e.g. Mignot et al., 2006; Hunter et al., 2008; Yu and Lane, 2006) and coastal mechanisms of flooding (e.g. Gallien et al., 2011; Yang et al., 2012), the amount of investigations into combined coastal-fluvial flooding is still very limited (e.g. Orton et al., 2012; Lian et al., 2013). This is surprising giving the extent of flood consequences when both mechanisms occur simultaneously, which usually happens when they are driven by one process such as a storm. The reason for that could be the fact that the likelihood of joint event is much smaller than those of any of the two contributors occurring individually, because for fast moving storms the rainfall-driven fluvial flood arrives usually later than the storm surge

  15. Information Model for Product Modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦国方; 刘慎权

    1992-01-01

    The Key problems in product modeling for integrated CAD ∥CAM systems are the information structures and representations of products.They are taking more and more important roles in engineering applications.With the investigation on engineering product information and from the viewpoint of industrial process,in this paper,the information models are proposed and the definitions of the framework of product information are given.And then,the integration and the consistence of product information are discussed by introucing the entity and its instance.As a summary,the information structures described in this paper have many advantage and natures helpful in engineering design.

  16. Building Models and Building Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Kaj; Skauge, Jørn

    2008-01-01

    I rapportens indledende kapitel beskrives de primære begreber vedrørende bygningsmodeller og nogle fundamentale forhold vedrørende computerbaseret modulering bliver opstillet. Desuden bliver forskellen mellem tegneprogrammer og bygnings­model­lerings­programmer beskrevet. Vigtige aspekter om comp...

  17. Molecular Modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aarti Sharma

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The use of computational chemistry in the development of novel pharmaceuticals is becoming an increasingly important
    tool. In the past, drugs were simply screened for effectiveness. The recent advances in computing power and
    the exponential growth of the knowledge of protein structures have made it possible for organic compounds to tailored to
    decrease harmful side effects and increase the potency. This article provides a detailed description of the techniques
    employed in molecular modeling. Molecular modelling is a rapidly developing discipline, and has been supported from
    the dramatic improvements in computer hardware and software in recent years.

  18. Cheating models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnoldi, Jakob

    The article discusses the use of algorithmic models for so-called High Frequency Trading (HFT) in finance. HFT is controversial yet widespread in modern financial markets. It is a form of automated trading technology which critics among other things claim can lead to market manipulation. Drawing...... on two cases, this article shows that manipulation more likely happens in the reverse way, meaning that human traders attempt to make algorithms ‘make mistakes’ or ‘mislead’ algos. Thus, it is algorithmic models, not humans, that are manipulated. Such manipulation poses challenges for security exchanges....... The article analyses these challenges and argues that we witness a new post-social form of human-technology interaction that will lead to a reconfiguration of professional codes for financial trading....

  19. Acyclic models

    CERN Document Server

    Barr, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Acyclic models is a method heavily used to analyze and compare various homology and cohomology theories appearing in topology and algebra. This book is the first attempt to put together in a concise form this important technique and to include all the necessary background. It presents a brief introduction to category theory and homological algebra. The author then gives the background of the theory of differential modules and chain complexes over an abelian category to state the main acyclic models theorem, generalizing and systemizing the earlier material. This is then applied to various cohomology theories in algebra and topology. The volume could be used as a text for a course that combines homological algebra and algebraic topology. Required background includes a standard course in abstract algebra and some knowledge of topology. The volume contains many exercises. It is also suitable as a reference work for researchers.

  20. Nuclear Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fossión, Rubén

    2010-09-01

    The atomic nucleus is a typical example of a many-body problem. On the one hand, the number of nucleons (protons and neutrons) that constitute the nucleus is too large to allow for exact calculations. On the other hand, the number of constituent particles is too small for the individual nuclear excitation states to be explained by statistical methods. Another problem, particular for the atomic nucleus, is that the nucleon-nucleon (n-n) interaction is not one of the fundamental forces of Nature, and is hard to put in a single closed equation. The nucleon-nucleon interaction also behaves differently between two free nucleons (bare interaction) and between two nucleons in the nuclear medium (dressed interaction). Because of the above reasons, specific nuclear many-body models have been devised of which each one sheds light on some selected aspects of nuclear structure. Only combining the viewpoints of different models, a global insight of the atomic nucleus can be gained. In this chapter, we revise the the Nuclear Shell Model as an example of the microscopic approach, and the Collective Model as an example of the geometric approach. Finally, we study the statistical properties of nuclear spectra, basing on symmetry principles, to find out whether there is quantum chaos in the atomic nucleus. All three major approaches have been rewarded with the Nobel Prize of Physics. In the text, we will stress how each approach introduces its own series of approximations to reduce the prohibitingly large number of degrees of freedom of the full many-body problem to a smaller manageable number of effective degrees of freedom.

  1. Modelling Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    This book reflects and expands on the current trend in the building industry to understand, simulate and ultimately design buildings by taking into consideration the interlinked elements and forces that act on them. This approach overcomes the traditional, exclusive focus on building tasks, while....... The chapter authors were invited speakers at the 5th Symposium "Modelling Behaviour", which took place at the CITA in Copenhagen in September 2015....

  2. Modeling Minds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michael, John

    others' minds. Then (2), in order to bring to light some possible justifications, as well as hazards and criticisms of the methodology of looking time tests, I will take a closer look at the concept of folk psychology and will focus on the idea that folk psychology involves using oneself as a model...... of other people in order to predict and understand their behavior. Finally (3), I will discuss the historical location and significance of the emergence of looking time tests...

  3. Modeling biomembranes.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plimpton, Steven James; Heffernan, Julieanne; Sasaki, Darryl Yoshio; Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile; Stevens, Mark Jackson; Frink, Laura J. Douglas

    2005-11-01

    Understanding the properties and behavior of biomembranes is fundamental to many biological processes and technologies. Microdomains in biomembranes or ''lipid rafts'' are now known to be an integral part of cell signaling, vesicle formation, fusion processes, protein trafficking, and viral and toxin infection processes. Understanding how microdomains form, how they depend on membrane constituents, and how they act not only has biological implications, but also will impact Sandia's effort in development of membranes that structurally adapt to their environment in a controlled manner. To provide such understanding, we created physically-based models of biomembranes. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and classical density functional theory (DFT) calculations using these models were applied to phenomena such as microdomain formation, membrane fusion, pattern formation, and protein insertion. Because lipid dynamics and self-organization in membranes occur on length and time scales beyond atomistic MD, we used coarse-grained models of double tail lipid molecules that spontaneously self-assemble into bilayers. DFT provided equilibrium information on membrane structure. Experimental work was performed to further help elucidate the fundamental membrane organization principles.

  4. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling of zinc oxide nanoparticles and zinc nitrate in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen WY

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Wei-Yu Chen,1 Yi-Hsien Cheng,2 Nan-Hung Hsieh,3 Bo-Chun Wu,2 Wei-Chun Chou,4 Chia-Chi Ho,4 Jen-Kun Chen,5 Chung-Min Liao,2,* Pinpin Lin4,* 1Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, 2Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 3Institute of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health, Ministry of Labor, New Taipei City, 4National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 5Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Nanomedicine, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs have been widely used in consumer products, therapeutic agents, and drug delivery systems. However, the fate and behavior of ZnO NPs in living organisms are not well described. The purpose of this study was to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model to describe the dynamic interactions of 65ZnO NPs in mice. We estimated key physicochemical parameters of partition coefficients and excretion or elimination rates, based on our previously published data quantifying the biodistributions of 10 nm and 71 nm 65ZnO NPs and zinc nitrate (65Zn(NO32 in various mice tissues. The time-dependent partition coefficients and excretion or elimination rates were used to construct our physiologically based pharmacokinetic model. In general, tissue partition coefficients of 65ZnO NPs were greater than those of 65Zn(NO32, particularly the lung partition coefficient of 10 nm 65ZnO NPs. Sensitivity analysis revealed that 71 nm 65ZnO NPs and 65Zn(NO32 were sensitive to excretion and elimination rates in the liver and gastrointestinal tract. Although the partition coefficient of the brain was relative low, it increased time-dependently for 65ZnO NPs and 65Zn(NO32. The simulation of 65Zn(NO32 was well fitted with the experimental data. However, replacing partition coefficients of 65ZnO NPs with

  5. Model Construct Based Enterprise Model Architecture and Its Modeling Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    In order to support enterprise integration, a kind of model construct based enterprise model architecture and its modeling approach are studied in this paper. First, the structural makeup and internal relationships of enterprise model architecture are discussed. Then, the concept of reusable model construct (MC) which belongs to the control view and can help to derive other views is proposed. The modeling approach based on model construct consists of three steps, reference model architecture synthesis, enterprise model customization, system design and implementation. According to MC based modeling approach a case study with the background of one-kind-product machinery manufacturing enterprises is illustrated. It is shown that proposal model construct based enterprise model architecture and modeling approach are practical and efficient.

  6. The Research on the Grade-Category Evaluation Model of Urban Landscape Characteristic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Chun-ling; YU Bo-chun

    2011-01-01

    Landscape Characteristic is a kind of flexible system which has a framework and forms with many elements as a structuralist structure.As the object of study in a regional or a plurality of regions and even the city of a construction unit or a plurality of construction unit landscape features have two dimensions properties,Landscape Characteristic Category and the Landscape Characteristic Grade of the Category(Yu-bochun,2008).Obviously,we can determine the Landscape Characteristic of a certain object on the strength of the two demensions.

  7. DTN Modeling in OPNET Modeler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAPAJ Jan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Traditional wireless networks use the concept of the point-to-point forwarding inherited from reliable wired networks which seems to be not ideal for wireless environment. New emerging applications and networks operate mostly disconnected. So-called Delay-Tolerant networks (DTNs are receiving increasing attentions from both academia and industry. DTNs introduced a store-carry-and-forward concept solving the problem of intermittent connectivity. Behavior of such networks is verified by real models, computer simulation or combination of the both approaches. Computer simulation has become the primary and cost effective tool for evaluating the performance of the DTNs. OPNET modeler is our target simulation tool and we wanted to spread OPNET’s simulation opportunity towards DTN. We implemented bundle protocol to OPNET modeler allowing simulate cases based on bundle concept as epidemic forwarding which relies on flooding the network with messages and the forwarding algorithm based on the history of past encounters (PRoPHET. The implementation details will be provided in article.

  8. A Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhiyang

    2011-01-01

    Similar to ISO Technical Committees,SAC Technical Committees undertake the management and coordination of standard's development and amendments in various sectors in industry,playing the role as a bridge among enterprises,research institutions and the governmental standardization administration.How to fully play the essential role is the vital issue SAC has been committing to resolve.Among hundreds of SAC TCs,one stands out in knitting together those isolated,scattered,but highly competitive enterprises in the same industry with the "Standards" thread,and achieving remarkable results in promoting industry development with standardization.It sets a role model for other TCs.

  9. Modelling Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    This book reflects and expands on the current trend in the building industry to understand, simulate and ultimately design buildings by taking into consideration the interlinked elements and forces that act on them. This approach overcomes the traditional, exclusive focus on building tasks, while....... The chapter authors were invited speakers at the 5th Symposium "Modelling Behaviour", which took place at the CITA in Copenhagen in September 2015....... posing new challenges in all areas of the industry from material and structural to the urban scale. Contributions from invited experts, papers and case studies provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the field, as well as perspectives from related disciplines, such as computer science...

  10. Econometric modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Alguacil Marí

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The current economic environment, together with the low scores obtained by our students in recent years, makes it necessary to incorporate new teaching methods. In this sense, econometric modelling provides a unique opportunity offering to the student with the basic tools to address the study of Econometrics in a deeper and novel way. In this article, this teaching method is described, presenting also an example based on a recent study carried out by two students of the Degree of Economics. Likewise, the success of this method is evaluated quantitatively in terms of academic performance. The results confirm our initial idea that the greater involvement of the student, as well as the need for a more complete knowledge of the subject, suppose a stimulus for the study of this subject. As evidence of this, we show how those students who opted for the method we propose here obtained higher qualifications than those that chose the traditional method.

  11. Modelling Defiguration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bork Petersen, Franziska

    2013-01-01

    For the presentation of his autumn/winter 2012 collection in Paris and subsequently in Copenhagen, Danish designer Henrik Vibskov installed a mobile catwalk. The article investigates the choreographic impact of this scenography on those who move through it. Drawing on Dance Studies, the analytical...... advantageous manner. Stepping on the catwalk’s sloping, moving surfaces decelerates the models’ walk and makes it cautious, hesitant and shaky: suddenly the models lack exactly the affirmative, staccato, striving quality of motion, and the condescending expression that they perform on most contemporary...... catwalks. Vibskov’s catwalk induces what the dance scholar Gabriele Brandstetter has labelled a ‘defigurative choregoraphy’: a straying from definitions, which exist in ballet as in other movement-based genres, of how a figure should move and appear (1998). The catwalk scenography in this instance...

  12. On Activity modelling in process modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorel Aiordachioaie

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is looking to the dynamic feature of the meta-models of the process modelling process, the time. Some principles are considered and discussed as main dimensions of any modelling activity: the compatibility of the substances, the equipresence of phenomena and the solvability of the model. The activity models are considered and represented at meta-level.

  13. Application of a two-dimensional hydrodynamic model for calculating the CO_{2} and H_{2}O fluxes over complex terrain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhartova, Yulia; Krupenko, Alexandr; Levashova, Natalia; Olchev, Alexandr

    2017-04-01

    vegetation, H - sensible heat flux, E - evaporation rate. For the numerical solution of the corresponding initial-boundary problem the efficient finite-difference scheme, based on the splitting for processes, was developed. Acknowledgements: This study was supported by grants of the by the Russian Science Foundation (Grant 14-14-00956). Wyngaard J.C. Turbulence in the Atmosphere. Cambridge University press. 2010. Mamkin V., Kurbatova J., Avilov V., Mukhartova Yu., Krupenko A., Ivanov D., Levashova N., Olchev A. Changes in net ecosystem exchange of CO2, latent and sensible heat fluxes in a recently clear-cut spruce forest in western Russia: results from an experiment and modeling analysis // Environ. Res. Lett. 11 (2016) 125012. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa5189. Sogachev A., Panferov O. Modification of two-equation models to account for plant drug // Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 2006. Vol.121. Issue 2. PP. 229-266. Mukhartova Yu.V., Levashova N.T., Olchev A.V., Shapkina N.T. Application of a 2D model for describing the turbulent transfer of CO2 in a spatially heterogeneous vegetation cover // Moscow University Physics Bulletin. 2015. Vol. 70. No. 1. PP. 14-21. Wilcox D.C. Turbulence modeling for CFD. DCW Industries, Inc., La Cañada, CA. 1998.

  14. Towards a Multi Business Model Innovation Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Jørgensen, Rasmus

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the evolution of business model (BM) innovations related to a multi business model framework. The paper tries to answer the research questions: • What are the requirements for a multi business model innovation model (BMIM)? • How should a multi business model innovation model...... look like? Different generations of BMIMs are initially studied in the context of laying the baseline for how next generation multi BM Innovation model (BMIM) should look like. All generations of models are analyzed with the purpose of comparing the characteristics and challenges of previous...

  15. Better Language Models with Model Merging

    CERN Document Server

    Brants, T

    1996-01-01

    This paper investigates model merging, a technique for deriving Markov models from text or speech corpora. Models are derived by starting with a large and specific model and by successively combining states to build smaller and more general models. We present methods to reduce the time complexity of the algorithm and report on experiments on deriving language models for a speech recognition task. The experiments show the advantage of model merging over the standard bigram approach. The merged model assigns a lower perplexity to the test set and uses considerably fewer states.

  16. Cationized dextran nanoparticle-encapsulated CXCR4-siRNA enhanced correlation between CXCR4 expression and serum alkaline phosphatase in a mouse model of colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abedini F

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Fatemeh Abedini,1 Hossein Hosseinkhani,2 Maznah Ismail,1,3 Abraham J Domb,4 Abdul Rahman Omar,1,5 Pei Pei Chong,1,2 Po-Da Hong,3 Dah-Shyong Yu,6 Ira-Yudovin Farber41Laboratory of Molecular Biomedicine, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 2Graduate Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, 3Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia, 4Institute of Drug Research, The Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, School of Pharmacy-Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel, 5Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia, 6Nanomedicine Research Center, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, TaiwanPurpose: The failure of colorectal cancer treatments is partly due to overexpression of CXCR4 by tumor cells, which plays a critical role in cell metastasis. Moreover, serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP levels are frequently elevated in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. A polysaccharide, dextran, was chosen as the vector of siRNA. Spermine was conjugated to oxidized dextran by reductive amination process to obtain cationized dextran, so-called dextran-spermine, in order to prepare CXCR4-siRNAs/dextran-spermine nanoparticles. The fabricated nanoparticles were used in order to investigate whether downregulation of CXCR4 expression could affect serum ALP in mouse models of colorectal cancer.Methods: Colorectal cancer was established in BALB/C mice following injection of mouse colon carcinoma cells CT.26WT through the tail vein. CXCR4 siRNA for two sites of the target gene was administered following injection of naked siRNA or siRNA encapsulated into nanoparticles.Results: In vivo animal data revealed that CXCR4 silencing by dextran-spermine nanoparticles significantly downregulated CXCR4 expression compared with naked CXCR4 siRNA. Furthermore, there was

  17. Model Selection Principles in Misspecified Models

    CERN Document Server

    Lv, Jinchi

    2010-01-01

    Model selection is of fundamental importance to high dimensional modeling featured in many contemporary applications. Classical principles of model selection include the Kullback-Leibler divergence principle and the Bayesian principle, which lead to the Akaike information criterion and Bayesian information criterion when models are correctly specified. Yet model misspecification is unavoidable when we have no knowledge of the true model or when we have the correct family of distributions but miss some true predictor. In this paper, we propose a family of semi-Bayesian principles for model selection in misspecified models, which combine the strengths of the two well-known principles. We derive asymptotic expansions of the semi-Bayesian principles in misspecified generalized linear models, which give the new semi-Bayesian information criteria (SIC). A specific form of SIC admits a natural decomposition into the negative maximum quasi-log-likelihood, a penalty on model dimensionality, and a penalty on model miss...

  18. The IMACLIM model; Le modele IMACLIM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This document provides annexes to the IMACLIM model which propose an actualized description of IMACLIM, model allowing the design of an evaluation tool of the greenhouse gases reduction policies. The model is described in a version coupled with the POLES, technical and economical model of the energy industry. Notations, equations, sources, processing and specifications are proposed and detailed. (A.L.B.)

  19. Building Mental Models by Dissecting Physical Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Anveshna

    2016-01-01

    When students build physical models from prefabricated components to learn about model systems, there is an implicit trade-off between the physical degrees of freedom in building the model and the intensity of instructor supervision needed. Models that are too flexible, permitting multiple possible constructions require greater supervision to…

  20. The IMACLIM model; Le modele IMACLIM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This document provides annexes to the IMACLIM model which propose an actualized description of IMACLIM, model allowing the design of an evaluation tool of the greenhouse gases reduction policies. The model is described in a version coupled with the POLES, technical and economical model of the energy industry. Notations, equations, sources, processing and specifications are proposed and detailed. (A.L.B.)