WorldWideScience

Sample records for models rs2076153 nominal

  1. Nominal model predictive control

    OpenAIRE

    Grüne, Lars

    2013-01-01

    5 p., to appear in Encyclopedia of Systems and Control, Tariq Samad, John Baillieul (eds.); International audience; Model Predictive Control is a controller design method which synthesizes a sampled data feedback controller from the iterative solution of open loop optimal control problems.We describe the basic functionality of MPC controllers, their properties regarding feasibility, stability and performance and the assumptions needed in order to rigorously ensure these properties in a nomina...

  2. Nominal Model Predictive Control

    OpenAIRE

    Grüne, Lars

    2014-01-01

    5 p., to appear in Encyclopedia of Systems and Control, Tariq Samad, John Baillieul (eds.); International audience; Model Predictive Control is a controller design method which synthesizes a sampled data feedback controller from the iterative solution of open loop optimal control problems.We describe the basic functionality of MPC controllers, their properties regarding feasibility, stability and performance and the assumptions needed in order to rigorously ensure these properties in a nomina...

  3. Nominal Henkin Semantics: simply-typed lambda-calculus models in nominal sets

    CERN Document Server

    Gabbay, Murdoch J; 10.4204/EPTCS.71.5

    2011-01-01

    We investigate a class of nominal algebraic Henkin-style models for the simply typed lambda-calculus in which variables map to names in the denotation and lambda-abstraction maps to a (non-functional) name-abstraction operation. The resulting denotations are smaller and better-behaved, in ways we make precise, than functional valuation-based models. Using these new models, we then develop a generalisation of \\lambda-term syntax enriching them with existential meta-variables, thus yielding a theory of incomplete functions. This incompleteness is orthogonal to the usual notion of incompleteness given by function abstraction and application, and corresponds to holes and incomplete objects.

  4. Bayesian Dimensionality Assessment for the Multidimensional Nominal Response Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Revuelta

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article introduces Bayesian estimation and evaluation procedures for the multidimensional nominal response model. The utility of this model is to perform a nominal factor analysis of items that consist of a finite number of unordered response categories. The key aspect of the model, in comparison with traditional factorial model, is that there is a slope for each response category on the latent dimensions, instead of having slopes associated to the items. The extended parameterization of the multidimensional nominal response model requires large samples for estimation. When sample size is of a moderate or small size, some of these parameters may be weakly empirically identifiable and the estimation algorithm may run into difficulties. We propose a Bayesian MCMC inferential algorithm to estimate the parameters and the number of dimensions underlying the multidimensional nominal response model. Two Bayesian approaches to model evaluation were compared: discrepancy statistics (DIC, WAICC, and LOO that provide an indication of the relative merit of different models, and the standardized generalized discrepancy measure that requires resampling data and is computationally more involved. A simulation study was conducted to compare these two approaches, and the results show that the standardized generalized discrepancy measure can be used to reliably estimate the dimensionality of the model whereas the discrepancy statistics are questionable. The paper also includes an example with real data in the context of learning styles, in which the model is used to conduct an exploratory factor analysis of nominal data.

  5. Modeling Off-Nominal Behavior in SysML

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, John C.; Donahue, Kenneth; Ingham, Michel; Kadesch, Alex; Kennedy, Andrew K.; Post, Ethan

    2012-01-01

    Specification and development of fault management functionality in systems is performed in an ad hoc way - more of an art than a science. Improvements to system reliability, availability, safety and resilience will be limited without infusion of additional formality into the practice of fault management. Key to the formalization of fault management is a precise representation of off-nominal behavior. Using the upcoming Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) mission for source material, we have modeled the off-nominal behavior of the SMAP system during its initial spin-up activity, using the System Modeling Language (SysML). In the course of developing these models, we have developed generic patterns for capturing off-nominal behavior in SysML. We show how these patterns provide useful ways of reasoning about the system (e.g., checking for completeness and effectiveness) and allow the automatic generation of typical artifacts (e.g., success trees and FMECAs) used in system analyses.

  6. The Nominal Response Model in Computerized Adaptive Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Ayala, R. J.

    One important and promising application of item response theory (IRT) is computerized adaptive testing (CAT). The implementation of a nominal response model-based CAT (NRCAT) was studied. Item pool characteristics for the NRCAT as well as the comparative performance of the NRCAT and a CAT based on the three-parameter logistic (3PL) model were…

  7. Computerized Adaptive Testing: A Comparison of the Nominal Response Model and the Three Parameter Logistic Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeAyala, R. J.; Koch, William R.

    A nominal response model-based computerized adaptive testing procedure (nominal CAT) was implemented using simulated data. Ability estimates from the nominal CAT were compared to those from a CAT based upon the three-parameter logistic model (3PL CAT). Furthermore, estimates from both CAT procedures were compared with the known true abilities used…

  8. Deterministic Method for Obtaining Nominal and Uncertainty Models of CD Drives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vidal, Enrique Sanchez; Stoustrup, Jakob; Andersen, Palle;

    2002-01-01

    properties. The method provides a systematic way to derive a nominal average model as well as a structures multiplicative input uncertainty model, and it is demonstrated how to apply mu-theory to design a controller based on the models obtained that meets certain robust performance criteria.......In this paper a deterministic method for obtaining the nominal and uncertainty models of the focus loop in a CD-player is presented based on parameter identification and measurements in the focus loop of 12 actual CD drives that differ by having worst-case behaviors with respect to various...

  9. Applying the Nominal Response Model within a Longitudinal Framework to Construct the Positive Family Relationships Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Kathleen Suzanne Johnson; Parral, Skye N.; Gottfried, Allen W.; Oliver, Pamella H.; Gottfried, Adele Eskeles; Ibrahim, Sirena M.; Delany, Danielle

    2015-01-01

    A psychometric analysis was conducted using the nominal response model under the item response theory framework to construct the Positive Family Relationships scale. Using data from the Fullerton Longitudinal Study, this scale was constructed within a long-term longitudinal framework spanning middle childhood through adolescence. Items tapping…

  10. A model for the determination of the nominal potential for a linear accelerator; Un modelo para la determinacion del potencial nominal de un acelerador lineal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutt, F.; Silva, P.; Guerrero, R.; Diaz, J.; Colmenares, J. [Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Laboratorio Secundario de Calibracion Dosimetrica (LSCD), Apartado 21827, Caracas 1020 A (Venezuela)

    1998-12-31

    The objective of the present work is to find a physical mathematical model based on the reason of the dose percentages at 10 and 20 cm depth, at 100 cm DFS and a 10 x 10 cm{sup 2} field. It was utilized literature data of new manufactured accelerators and those are in use in hospitals, which allow to prove the model under different conditions. Our objective consists only to obtain a model that verifies the nominal potential for a linear accelerator, but without pretending that such a model to be used to calculate any one factor to determination of absorbed dose. (Author)

  11. Simulation Modeling for Off-Nominal Conditions - Where Are We Today?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Gautam H.; Foster, John V.; Cunningham, Kevin

    2010-01-01

    The modeling of aircraft flight characteris4cs in off-nominal or otherwise adverse conditions has become increasingly important for simulation in the loss-of-control arena. Adverse conditions include environmentally-induced upsets such as wind shear or wake vortex encounters; off-nominal flight conditions, such as stall or departure; on-board systems failures; and structural failures or aircraft damage. Spirited discussions in the research community are taking place as to the fidelity and data requirements for adequate representation of vehicle dynamics under such conditions for a host of research areas, including recovery training, flight controls development, trajectory guidance/planning, and envelope limiting. The increasing need for multiple sources of data (empirical, computational, experimental) for modeling across a larger flight envelope leads to challenges in developing methods of appropriately applying or combining such data, particularly in a dynamic flight environment with a physically and/or aerodynamically asymmetric vehicle. Traditional simplifications and symmetry assumptions in current modeling methodology may no longer be valid. Furthermore, once modeled, challenges abound in the validation of flight dynamics characteristics in adverse flight regimes

  12. Nominal aspect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rijkhoff, Jan

    1991-01-01

    In a general way the notion 'aspect' can be defined as the way in which a property or relation is represented in some dimension. Two kinds of aspect can be distinguished: verbal and nominal aspect. The study of verbal aspect has a long tradition, but nominal aspect has only been introduced recently......, at least in the sense in which it is used here (Rijkhoff 1989b, 1990a, 1990b). After a brief look at the more familiar verbal aspects, each of the nominal aspects is discussed in some detail. Then the relevance of nominal aspect will be considered in connection with (i) certain 'number markers' (which...... will be analysed as nominal aspect markers below), (ii) noun-incorporation, and (iii) predicate nouns....

  13. Identifying future models for delivering genetic services: a nominal group study in primary care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davies Peter

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Background To enable primary care medical practitioners to generate a range of possible service delivery models for genetic counselling services and critically assess their suitability. Methods Modified nominal group technique using in primary care professional development workshops. Results 37 general practitioners in Wales, United Kingdom too part in the nominal group process. The practitioners who attended did not believe current systems were sufficient to meet anticipated demand for genetic services. A wide range of different service models was proposed, although no single option emerged as a clear preference. No argument was put forward for genetic assessment and counselling being central to family practice, neither was there a voice for the view that the family doctor should become skilled at advising patients about predictive genetic testing and be able to counsel patients about the wider implications of genetic testing for patients and their family members, even for areas such as common cancers. Nevertheless, all the preferred models put a high priority on providing the service in the community, and often co-located in primary care, by clinicians who had developed expertise. Conclusion There is a need for a wider debate about how healthcare systems address individual concerns about genetic concerns and risk, especially given the increasing commercial marketing of genetic tests.

  14. A Hybrid Method Combining Improved K-means Algorithm with BADA Model for Generating Nominal Flight Profiles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TangXinmin; GuJunwei; ShenZhiyuan; ChenPing; LiBo

    2016-01-01

    A high-precision nominal flight profile,involving controllers′intentions is critical for 4D traj ectory esti-mation in modern automatic air traffic control systems.We proposed a novel method to effectively improve the ac-curacy of the nominal flight profile,including the nominal altitude profile and the speed profile.First,considering the characteristics of traj ectory data,we developed an improved K-means algorithm.The approach was to measure the similarity between different altitude profiles by integrating the space warp edit distance algorithm,thereby to acquire several fitted nominal flight altitude profiles.This approach breaks the constraints of traditional K-means algorithms.Second,to eliminate the influence of meteorological factors,we introduced historical gridded binary data to determine the en-route wind speed and temperature via inverse distance weighted interpolation.Finally,we facilitated the true airspeed determined by speed triangle relationships and the calibrated airspeed determined by aircraft data model to extract a more accurate nominal speed profile from each cluster,therefore we could describe the airspeed profiles above and below the airspeed transition altitude,respectively.Our experimental results showed that the proposed method could obtain a highly accurate nominal flight profile,which reflects the actual aircraft flight status.

  15. Using the Nominal Response Model to Evaluate Response Category Discrimination in the PROMIS Emotional Distress Item Pools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Kathleen; Reise, Steven; Cai, Li; Hays, Ron D.

    2011-01-01

    The authors used a nominal response item response theory model to estimate category boundary discrimination (CBD) parameters for items drawn from the Emotional Distress item pools (Depression, Anxiety, and Anger) developed in the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information Systems (PROMIS) project. For polytomous items with ordered response…

  16. NSB nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    President Reagan has nominated three members to the National Science Board (NSB), the governing body of the National Science Foundation (NSF). None have been confirmed by Congress. They are Simon Ramo, director of TRW, Inc.; Annelise G. Anderson, a senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University; and K. June Lindstedt-Siva, manager for environmental sciences at Atlantic Richfield Company and a director of the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco.

  17. Nominalization of Possessive Sentences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rugaleva, Anelja

    1977-01-01

    Nominalization of possessive sentences in Russian is discussed. It is maintained that all lexical surface items originate as terms in a situation model, and that their actualization as different parts of speech is language-specific. Language data are used to support a locative interpretation of the semantic model. (CHK)

  18. From nominal sets binding to functions and lambda-abstraction: connecting the logic of permutation models with the logic of functions

    CERN Document Server

    Dowek, Gilles

    2011-01-01

    Permissive-Nominal Logic (PNL) extends first-order predicate logic with term-formers that can bind names in their arguments. It takes a semantics in (permissive-)nominal sets. In PNL, the forall-quantifier or lambda-binder are just term-formers satisfying axioms, and their denotation is functions on nominal atoms-abstraction. Then we have higher-order logic (HOL) and its models in ordinary (i.e. Zermelo-Fraenkel) sets; the denotation of forall or lambda is functions on full or partial function spaces. This raises the following question: how are these two models of binding connected? What translation is possible between PNL and HOL, and between nominal sets and functions? We exhibit a translation of PNL into HOL, and from models of PNL to certain models of HOL. It is natural, but also partial: we translate a restricted subsystem of full PNL to HOL. The extra part which does not translate is the symmetry properties of nominal sets with respect to permutations. To use a little nominal jargon: we can translate na...

  19. Integrated Computational Modeling of Water Side Corrosion in Zirconium Metal Clad Under Nominal LWR Operating Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aryanfar, Asghar; Thomas, John; Van der Ven, Anton; Xu, Donghua; Youssef, Mostafa; Yang, Jing; Yildiz, Bilge; Marian, Jaime

    2016-10-01

    A mesoscopic chemical reaction kinetics model to predict the formation of zirconium oxide and hydride accumulation light-water reactor (LWR) fuel clad is presented. The model is designed to include thermodynamic information from ab initio electronic structure methods as well as parametric information in terms of diffusion coefficients, thermal conductivities and reaction constants. In contrast to approaches where the experimentally observed time exponents are captured by the models by design, our approach is designed to be predictive and to provide an improved understanding of the corrosion process. We calculate the time evolution of the oxide/metal interface and evaluate the order of the chemical reactions that are conducive to a t 1/3 dependence. We also show calculations of hydrogen cluster accumulation as a function of temperature and depth using spatially dependent cluster dynamics. Strategies to further cohesively integrate the different elements of the model are provided.

  20. Integrated Computational Modeling of Water Side Corrosion in Zirconium Metal Clad Under Nominal LWR Operating Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aryanfar, Asghar; Thomas, John; Van der Ven, Anton; Xu, Donghua; Youssef, Mostafa; Yang, Jing; Yildiz, Bilge; Marian, Jaime

    2016-11-01

    A mesoscopic chemical reaction kinetics model to predict the formation of zirconium oxide and hydride accumulation light-water reactor (LWR) fuel clad is presented. The model is designed to include thermodynamic information from ab initio electronic structure methods as well as parametric information in terms of diffusion coefficients, thermal conductivities and reaction constants. In contrast to approaches where the experimentally observed time exponents are captured by the models by design, our approach is designed to be predictive and to provide an improved understanding of the corrosion process. We calculate the time evolution of the oxide/metal interface and evaluate the order of the chemical reactions that are conducive to a t 1/3 dependence. We also show calculations of hydrogen cluster accumulation as a function of temperature and depth using spatially dependent cluster dynamics. Strategies to further cohesively integrate the different elements of the model are provided.

  1. Deep-Trap Stress Induced Leakage Current Model for Nominal and Weak Oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamohara, Shiro; Hu, Chenming; Okumura, Tsugunori

    2008-08-01

    We have developed a model of the stress-induced leakage current (SILC) based on the inelastic trap-assisted tunneling (ITAT) by introducing a trap with a deep energy level of 3.6 eV from the bottom of the conduction band. This model can explain both of two field dependencies, i.e., a field dependence of the direct tunneling (DT) for A-mode SILC and that of the Fowler-Nordheim (FN) tunneling for B-mode SILC by analytical equations of a common form. For simple analytical equations, we introduce the most favorable trap position (MFTP), which gives the largest contribution to the leakage current. The trap area density for A-mode SILC of around 1×1010 cm-2 and the area density of the leakage paths for B-mode SILC of 1×102 cm-2 were obtained by comparisons between the experimental results and the present model.

  2. Testing the Agreement/Tense Omission Model: Why the Data on Children's Use of Non-Nominative 3psg Subjects Count against the ATOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pine, Julian M.; Rowland, Caroline F.; Lieven, Elena V. M.; Theakston, Anna L.

    2005-01-01

    One of the most influential recent accounts of pronoun case-marking errors in young children's speech is Schutze & Wexler's (1996) Agreement/Tense Omission Model (ATOM). The ATOM predicts that the rate of agreeing verbs with non-nominative subjects will be so low that such errors can be reasonably disregarded as noise in the data. The present…

  3. Recovery of Item Parameters in the Nominal Response Model: A Comparison of Marginal Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Markov Chain Monte Carlo Estimation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wollack, James A.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Cohen, Allan S.; Lee, Young-Sun

    2002-01-01

    Compared the quality of item parameter estimates for marginal maximum likelihood (MML) and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) with the nominal response model using simulation. The quality of item parameter recovery was nearly identical for MML and MCMC, and both methods tended to produce good estimates. (SLD)

  4. Eventualities under deadjectival nominalizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Villalba

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the behavior of deadjectival nominalizations in Spanish is studied regarding the presence of an eventuality reading. It is shown that whereas abstract nominalizations (la belleza del libro ‘the beauty of the book’ clearly encode an eventuality according to standard tests, neuter nominalizations (lo bello del libro ‘the beautiful part of the book’ lack any eventuality reading altogether. It is argued that the difference lies in the different kind of nominalization process involved. As for abstract nominalizations, after the nominalizer is merged, the nominal functional head Classifier will encode the stative eventuality derived from the adjective root. In the case of neuter nominalizations, we lack any nominal functional structure, but rather the AP is directly selected by the neuter determiner, which, following a suggestion by McNally & de Swart (2012, is the syntactic realization of Chierchia’s (1982 Ç (‘cap’ operator, which shifts a property into its entity correlate. Moreover, a slight modification of this semantic operation allows a simple and principled analysis of the difference between the two main neuter deadjectival nominalizations.

  5. Closed nominal rewriting and efficiently computable nominal algebra equality

    CERN Document Server

    Fernández, Maribel; 10.4204/EPTCS.34.5

    2010-01-01

    We analyse the relationship between nominal algebra and nominal rewriting, giving a new and concise presentation of equational deduction in nominal theories. With some new results, we characterise a subclass of equational theories for which nominal rewriting provides a complete procedure to check nominal algebra equality. This subclass includes specifications of the lambda-calculus and first-order logic.

  6. Closed nominal rewriting and efficiently computable nominal algebra equality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maribel Fernández

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available We analyse the relationship between nominal algebra and nominal rewriting, giving a new and concise presentation of equational deduction in nominal theories. With some new results, we characterise a subclass of equational theories for which nominal rewriting provides a complete procedure to check nominal algebra equality. This subclass includes specifications of the lambda-calculus and first-order logic.

  7. Modelling of the meridian flow in nominal and partial flow in axial and helico-centrifugal turbomachinery; Modelisation en regime nominal et partiel de l'ecoulement meridien dans les turbomachines axiales et helicocentrifuges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ercolino, J.

    2001-01-15

    In this study, a fast analysis code for the meridian flow inside turbo-machineries has been developed. This code is based on the resolution of the averaged dynamical equations controlling the internal stationary and non-viscous flow in the relative reference frame. A linear combination of momentum equations has been used in the axial and radial directions to avoid the source term of the equations to become singular. The model developed is particularly adapted to the general case of compression machines, i.e.the mixed machines. Starting with the hypothesis of a finite number of blading and assuming an axisymmetric flow, the equations allowing to calculate the blading forces and the simplified kinematics of blade-to-blade flow have been developed. This kinematics takes into consideration the geometrical data supplied by manufacturers or by global design softwares. This last approach ensures a very efficient link in the framework of turbomachine design projects where the blades geometry is introduced in a very simple way for a first optimization approach. The results obtained seem to be very consistent in nominal flow but also in partial flow conditions as shown by the qualitative comparisons with test results. (J.S.)

  8. Modelling of the meridian flow in nominal and partial flow in axial and helico-centrifugal turbomachinery; Modelisation en regime nominal et partiel de l'ecoulement meridien dans les turbomachines axiales et helicocentrifuges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ercolino, J.

    2001-01-15

    In this study, a fast analysis code for the meridian flow inside turbo-machineries has been developed. This code is based on the resolution of the averaged dynamical equations controlling the internal stationary and non-viscous flow in the relative reference frame. A linear combination of momentum equations has been used in the axial and radial directions to avoid the source term of the equations to become singular. The model developed is particularly adapted to the general case of compression machines, i.e.the mixed machines. Starting with the hypothesis of a finite number of blading and assuming an axisymmetric flow, the equations allowing to calculate the blading forces and the simplified kinematics of blade-to-blade flow have been developed. This kinematics takes into consideration the geometrical data supplied by manufacturers or by global design softwares. This last approach ensures a very efficient link in the framework of turbomachine design projects where the blades geometry is introduced in a very simple way for a first optimization approach. The results obtained seem to be very consistent in nominal flow but also in partial flow conditions as shown by the qualitative comparisons with test results. (J.S.)

  9. Space trophy nominations sought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2011-10-01

    The Rotary National Award for Space Achievement (RNASA) Foundation is soliciting nominations for its 2012 trophy. The trophy recognizes an outstanding American who has made major contributions to the U.S. space program. Previous awardees include astronaut Neil Armstrong and President George H. W. Bush. Nominations are due by 6 November 2011. For more information, see http://www.rnasa.org/trophy.html or contact chairman@rnasa.org.

  10. Nominal analysis of "variance".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, David J

    2009-08-01

    Nominal responses are the natural way for people to report actions or opinions. Because nominal responses do not generate numerical data, they have been underutilized in behavioral research. On those occasions in which nominal responses are elicited, the responses are customarily aggregated over people or trials so that large-sample statistics can be employed. A new analysis is proposed that directly associates differences among responses with particular sources in factorial designs. A pair of nominal responses either matches or does not; when responses do not match, they vary. That analogue to variance is incorporated in the nominal analysis of "variance" (NANOVA) procedure, wherein the proportions of matches associated with sources play the same role as do sums of squares in an ANOVA. The NANOVA table is structured like an ANOVA table. The significance levels of the N ratios formed by comparing proportions are determined by resampling. Fictitious behavioral examples featuring independent groups and repeated measures designs are presented. A Windows program for the analysis is available.

  11. 基于多维名义模型的加权似然估计方法%Weighted Likelihood Estimation Method Based on the Multidimensional Nominal Response Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙珊珊; 陶剑

    2008-01-01

    The Monte Carlo study evaluates the relative accuracy of Warm's (1989) weighted likelihood estimate (WLE) compared to the maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) using the nominal response model. And the results indicate that WLE was more accurate than MLE.

  12. Probabilistic risk assessment of the Space Shuttle. Phase 3: A study of the potential of losing the vehicle during nominal operation. Volume 2: Integrated loss of vehicle model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fragola, Joseph R.; Maggio, Gaspare; Frank, Michael V.; Gerez, Luis; Mcfadden, Richard H.; Collins, Erin P.; Ballesio, Jorge; Appignani, Peter L.; Karns, James J.

    1995-01-01

    The application of the probabilistic risk assessment methodology to a Space Shuttle environment, particularly to the potential of losing the Shuttle during nominal operation is addressed. The different related concerns are identified and combined to determine overall program risks. A fault tree model is used to allocate system probabilities to the subsystem level. The loss of the vehicle due to failure to contain energetic gas and debris, to maintain proper propulsion and configuration is analyzed, along with the loss due to Orbiter, external tank failure, and landing failure or error.

  13. Monte Carlo semi-empirical model for Si(Li) x-ray detector: Differences between nominal and fitted parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Pino, N.; Padilla-Cabal, F.; Garcia-Alvarez, J. A.; Vazquez, L.; D' Alessandro, K.; Correa-Alfonso, C. M. [Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Instituto Superior de Tecnologia y Ciencias Aplicadas (InSTEC) Ave. Salvador Allende y Luaces. Quinta de los Molinos. Habana 10600. A.P. 6163, La Habana (Cuba); Godoy, W.; Maidana, N. L.; Vanin, V. R. [Laboratorio do Acelerador Linear, Instituto de Fisica - Universidade de Sao Paulo Rua do Matao, Travessa R, 187, 05508-900, SP (Brazil)

    2013-05-06

    A detailed characterization of a X-ray Si(Li) detector was performed to obtain the energy dependence of efficiency in the photon energy range of 6.4 - 59.5 keV, which was measured and reproduced by Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Significant discrepancies between MC and experimental values were found when the manufacturer parameters of the detector were used in the simulation. A complete Computerized Tomography (CT) detector scan allowed to find the correct crystal dimensions and position inside the capsule. The computed efficiencies with the resulting detector model differed with the measured values no more than 10% in most of the energy range.

  14. Thermal-based modeling of coupled carbon, water, and energy fluxes using nominal light use efficiencies constrained by leaf chlorophyll observations

    KAUST Repository

    Schull, M. A.

    2015-03-11

    Recent studies have shown that estimates of leaf chlorophyll content (Chl), defined as the combined mass of chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b per unit leaf area, can be useful for constraining estimates of canopy light use efficiency (LUE). Canopy LUE describes the amount of carbon assimilated by a vegetative canopy for a given amount of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (APAR) and is a key parameter for modeling land-surface carbon fluxes. A carbon-enabled version of the remote-sensing-based two-source energy balance (TSEB) model simulates coupled canopy transpiration and carbon assimilation using an analytical sub-model of canopy resistance constrained by inputs of nominal LUE (βn), which is modulated within the model in response to varying conditions in light, humidity, ambient CO2 concentration, and temperature. Soil moisture constraints on water and carbon exchange are conveyed to the TSEB-LUE indirectly through thermal infrared measurements of land-surface temperature. We investigate the capability of using Chl estimates for capturing seasonal trends in the canopy βn from in situ measurements of Chl acquired in irrigated and rain-fed fields of soybean and maize near Mead, Nebraska. The results show that field-measured Chl is nonlinearly related to βn, with variability primarily related to phenological changes during early growth and senescence. Utilizing seasonally varying βn inputs based on an empirical relationship with in situ measured Chl resulted in improvements in carbon flux estimates from the TSEB model, while adjusting the partitioning of total water loss between plant transpiration and soil evaporation. The observed Chl-βn relationship provides a functional mechanism for integrating remotely sensed Chl into the TSEB model, with the potential for improved mapping of coupled carbon, water, and energy fluxes across vegetated landscapes.

  15. Targeting nominal income growth or inflation?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    2002-01-01

    Within a simple New Keynesian model emphasizing forward-looking behavior of private agents, I evaluate optimal nominal income growth targeting versus optimal inflation targeting. When the economy is mainly subject to shocks that do not involve monetary policy trade-offs for society, inflation...... targeting is preferable. Otherwise, nominal income growth targeting may be superior because it induces inertial policy making, which improves the inflation-output-gap trade-off. Somewhat paradoxically, inflation targeting may be relatively less favorable the more society dislikes inflation, and the more...... persistent are the effects of inflation-generating shocks...

  16. 7 CFR 985.23 - Nominations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....23 Nominations. (a) Procedure. (1) Nominations for producer members of the Committee and their... Committee, shall participate in the nomination. If a producer produces oil in more than one district, the... choice. (3) Should the Committee find it impractical to hold nomination meetings, nominations may...

  17. New procedures for Fellows nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Eric

    On January 30, 2000, the Union Fellows Committee met and elected 37 new members for Fellowship.The Fellows Committee's selection of Fellows is the last step in a process that begins with the nomination of members by their colleagues.

  18. Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M. Wasiolek

    2000-12-21

    The purpose of this report was to document the process leading to development of the Biosphere Dose Conversion Factors (BDCFs) for the postclosure nominal performance of the potential repository at Yucca Mountain. BDCF calculations concerned twenty-four radionuclides. This selection included sixteen radionuclides that may be significant nominal performance dose contributors during the compliance period of up to 10,000 years, five additional radionuclides of importance for up to 1 million years postclosure, and three relatively short-lived radionuclides important for the human intrusion scenario. Consideration of radionuclide buildup in soil caused by previous irrigation with contaminated groundwater was taken into account in the BDCF development. The effect of climate evolution, from the current arid conditions to a wetter and cooler climate, on the BDCF values was evaluated. The analysis included consideration of different exposure pathway's contribution to the BDCFs. Calculations of nominal performance BDCFs used the GENII-S computer code in a series of probabilistic realizations to propagate the uncertainties of input parameters into the output. BDCFs for the nominal performance, when combined with the concentrations of radionuclides in groundwater allow calculation of potential radiation doses to the receptor of interest. Calculated estimates of radionuclide concentration in groundwater result from the saturated zone modeling. The integration of the biosphere modeling results (BDCFs) with the outcomes of the other component models is accomplished in the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) to calculate doses to the receptor of interest from radionuclides postulated to be released to the environment from the potential repository at Yucca Mountain.

  19. 44 CFR 150.3 - Nomination process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nomination process. 150.3 Section 150.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... Nomination process. (a) The Nominating Officials nominating Firefighters and Civil Defense Officers...

  20. 7 CFR 905.120 - Nomination procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... nominations for members and alternate members of the Citrus Administrative Committee. The manner of nominating... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination procedure. 905.120 Section 905.120..., AND TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA Rules and Regulations § 905.120 Nomination procedure. Meetings shall...

  1. 7 CFR 916.22 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... submitted to the Secretary by the committee responsible for promulgation of this part. Such nominations may... nominations for initial members and alternate members of the committee are not filed pursuant to, and within.... After the nomination procedure or meetings have concluded, the nominating committee by February 15...

  2. 7 CFR 925.22 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... event nominations for initial members and alternate members of the committee are not filed pursuant to... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination. 925.22 Section 925.22 Agriculture... SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Administrative Body § 925.22 Nomination. (a) Initial members. Nominations for each...

  3. The Nominal Share Price Puzzle

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    William C. Weld; Roni Michaely; Richard H. Thaler; Shlomo Benartzi

    2009-01-01

    ... investigate in this paper is whether vestigial norms and customs affect corporate decision making. Consider the following fact: The average nominal price for a share of stock on the New York Stock exchange has remained roughly constant (about $35) since the Great Depression. The mechanism that has allowed share prices to remain remarkably con...

  4. Nominating Procedures in Democratic Polities

    OpenAIRE

    Kasapović, Mirjana

    2002-01-01

    One of the focuses of the study of political parties at the end of the 20th century has been the organizational structure and the relations within political parties, including the nominating procedures for the candidate selection for general elections. The manner in which parties fulfill their recruiting function and, eventually, the quality of the political and the governing elite in a “party” state directly depends on these procedures. Typologically, there are differences between the nomina...

  5. Specialists' meeting on thermodynamics of FBR fuel subassemblies under nominal and non-nominal operating conditions. Summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    The purpose of the meeting was to provide a forum for exchange of information on thermo- and fluiddynamic investigations of LMFBR-subassembly. Special emphasis was placed on nominal and non-nominal conditions. The technical part of the meeting was divided into four sessions, as follows: status of the thermo- and fluiddynamic activities; physical and mathematical modelling of single phase; rod bundle thermohydraulics; experimental investigations; and future R and D. Separate abstracts are included for each of the papers.

  6. 7 CFR 984.37 - Nominations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulating Handling Administrative Body § 984.37 Nominations. (a) Nominations for all grower members shall be... implementation of this language, the 35 percent threshold shall be calculated using an average of crop...

  7. 7 CFR 915.22 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... committee; or the committee may conduct nominations in Districts 1 and 2 by mail in a manner recommended by the committee and approved by the Secretary. Such nominations shall be submitted to the Secretary by... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination. 915.22 Section 915.22...

  8. 7 CFR 946.32 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Order Regulating Handling Administrative Committee § 946.32 Nomination. The Secretary may select the members of the State of Washington Potato Committee and their respective alternates from nominations which... Committee may conduct nominations by mail not later than May 1 of each year in a manner recommended by...

  9. 7 CFR 929.22 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... nominations for membership on the committee are made, such cooperative or growers affiliated therewith shall... such nominations shall be by such means as are recommended by the committee and approved by the... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination. 929.22 Section 929.22...

  10. 7 CFR 959.27 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulating Handling Committee § 959.27 Nomination. The Secretary may select the members of the committee and... nominations to the initial committee, the meetings may be sponsored by the United States Department of... position as member and for each position as alternate member on the committee; (c) Nominations...

  11. 7 CFR 920.122 - Nomination procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... committee by a date specified by the committee and approved by an agent of the Secretary. Nomination forms... involved in the current year's nominations, committee staff, with the Secretary's oversight, shall... invalid nomination forms shall be notified of such by the committee. Within a reasonable time period,...

  12. 7 CFR 923.22 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... committee, together with nominations for the initial alternate members for each position, may be submitted... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination. 923.22 Section 923.22 Agriculture... COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Administrative Body § 923.22 Nomination. (a)...

  13. 7 CFR 966.27 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulating Handling Committee § 966.27 Nomination. The Secretary may select the members of the committee and... the committee. (c) Nominations for committee members and alternates shall be supplied to the Secretary... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination. 966.27 Section 966.27...

  14. 7 CFR 920.22 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrative Body § 920.22 Nomination. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, the committee... recommended by the committee and approved by the Secretary. (c) Only growers may participate in the nomination... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination. 920.22 Section 920.22...

  15. 7 CFR 922.22 - Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Administrative Body § 922.22 Nomination. (a) Initial members. Nominations for each of the eight initial grower members and four initial handler members of the committee... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination. 922.22 Section 922.22...

  16. 7 CFR 953.120 - Nomination date.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... STATES Rules and Regulations Change in Date for Completing Nominations, Term of Office, and Fiscal Period § 953.120 Nomination date. The names of committee nominees shall be supplied to the Secretary in such... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination date. 953.120 Section 953.120...

  17. Algebraic Theories over Nominal Sets

    CERN Document Server

    Kurz, Alexander; Velebil, Jiří

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the foundations of a theory of algebraic data types with variable binding inside classical universal algebra. In the first part, a category-theoretic study of monads over the nominal sets of Gabbay and Pitts leads us to introduce new notions of finitary based monads and uniform monads. In a second part we spell out these notions in the language of universal algebra, show how to recover the logics of Gabbay-Mathijssen and Clouston-Pitts, and apply classical results from universal algebra.

  18. Russian nominal semantics and morphology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård-Sørensen, Jens

    The principal idea behind this book is that lexis and grammar make up a single coherent structure. It is shown that the grammatical patterns of the different classes of Russian nominals are closely interconnected. They can be described as reflecting a limited set of semantic distinctions which...... are also rooted in the lexical-semantic classification of Russian nouns. The presentation focuses on semantics, both lexical and grammatical, and not least the connection between these two levels of content. The principal theoretical impact is the insight that grammar and lexis should not be seen...

  19. Financial Constraints and Nominal Price Rigidities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Menno, Dominik Francesco; Balleer, Almut; Hristov, Nikolay

    This paper investigates how financial market imperfections and the frequency of price adjustment interact. Based on new firm-level evidence for Germany, we document that financially constrained firms adjust prices more often than their unconstrained counterparts, both upwards and downwards. We show...... that these empirical patterns are consistent with a partial equilibrium menu-cost model with a working capital constraint. We then use the model to show how the presence of financial frictions changes profits and the price distribution of firms compared to a model without financial frictions. Our results suggest...... that tighter financial constraints are associated with higher nominal rigidities, higher prices and lower output. Moreover, in response to aggregate shocks, aggregate price rigidity moves substantially, the response of inflation is dampened, while output reacts more in the presence of financial frictions...

  20. 基于名义模型的飞行模拟转台反演滑模控制%Nominal Model-Based Sliding Mode Control with Backstepping for 3-Axis Flight Table

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金琨; 孙富春

    2006-01-01

    针对飞行模拟转台这一实际的不确定伺服系统,提出一种新型控制策略,该控制策略是建立在名义模型基础上的一种新型全鲁棒滑模控制器.控制系统由两种控制器构成,一种是针对实际对象的全鲁棒滑模控制器,另一种是针对名义模型的积分反演滑模控制器.采用名义模型与实际对象之间的建模误差设计全鲁棒滑模控制器,采用积分反演滑模控制器来保证控制精度,全鲁棒性能由全局滑模控制器来保证.采用Lyapunov方法实现了两种控制器的稳定性分析.以飞行模拟转台伺服系统为被控对象,针对正弦和阶跃响应的仿真结果表明,采用所提出的控制方法,可实现全局鲁棒性并保证较高的位置跟踪精度.%Based on nominal model, a novel global sliding mode controller (GSMC) with a new control scheme is proposed for a practical uncertain servo system. This control scheme consists of two combined controllers. One is the global sliding mode controller for practical plant, the other is the integral backstepping controller for nominal model. Modeling error between practical plant and nominal model is used to design GSMC. The steady-state control accuracy can be guaranteed by the integral backstepping control law, and the global robustness can be obtained by GSMC. The stability of the proposed controller is proved according to the Lyapunov approach. The simulation results both of sine signal and step signal tracking for 3-axis flight table are investigated to show good position tracking performance and high robustness with respect to large and parameter changes over all the response time.

  1. 77 FR 10742 - Local Government Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... AGENCY Local Government Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations AGENCY: Environmental Protection... demonstrated ability to work constructively and effectively on committees. How to Submit Nominations: Any... ] advisory committee. Individuals may self-nominate. Nominations can be submitted in electronic...

  2. Archetypal Analysis for Nominal Observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seth, Sohan; Eugster, Manuel J A

    2016-05-01

    Archetypal analysis is a popular exploratory tool that explains a set of observations as compositions of few 'pure' patterns. The standard formulation of archetypal analysis addresses this problem for real valued observations by finding the approximate convex hull. Recently, a probabilistic formulation has been suggested which extends this framework to other observation types such as binary and count. In this article we further extend this framework to address the general case of nominal observations which includes, for example, multiple-option questionnaires. We view archetypal analysis in a generative framework: this allows explicit control over choosing a suitable number of archetypes by assigning appropriate prior information, and finding efficient update rules using variational Bayes'. We demonstrate the efficacy of this approach extensively on simulated data, and three real world examples: Austrian guest survey dataset, German credit dataset, and SUN attribute image dataset.

  3. Light-Induced Absorption in Nominally Pure Bismuth Silicon Oxide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李飞飞; 许京军; 孔勇发; 黄辉; 张光寅; 杨春晖; 徐玉恒

    2001-01-01

    Light-induced absorption in the nominally pure bismuth silicon oxide is investigated experimentally and the result shows that it consists of transient and persistent parts. The experimental evidence is analysed based on the model of three groups of trap (donor) centres.

  4. 7 CFR 1150.133 - Nominations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM Dairy Promotion and Research Order National Dairy Promotion and Research Board § 1150.133 Nominations. Nominations for members of...

  5. 7 CFR 1160.202 - Nominations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FLUID MILK PROMOTION PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order National Fluid Milk Processor Promotion Board § 1160.202 Nominations. Nominations for members of the...

  6. Far-Field Acoustic Power Level and Performance Analyses of F31/A31 Open Rotor Model at Simulated Scaled Takeoff, Nominal Takeoff, and Approach Conditions: Technical Report I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sree, Dave

    2015-01-01

    Far-field acoustic power level and performance analyses of open rotor model F31/A31 have been performed to determine its noise characteristics at simulated scaled takeoff, nominal takeoff, and approach flight conditions. The nonproprietary parts of the data obtained from experiments in 9- by 15-Foot Low-Speed Wind Tunnel (9?15 LSWT) tests were provided by NASA Glenn Research Center to perform the analyses. The tone and broadband noise components have been separated from raw test data by using a new data analysis tool. Results in terms of sound pressure levels, acoustic power levels, and their variations with rotor speed, angle of attack, thrust, and input shaft power have been presented and discussed. The effect of an upstream pylon on the noise levels of the model has been addressed. Empirical equations relating model's acoustic power level, thrust, and input shaft power have been developed. The far-field acoustic efficiency of the model is also determined for various simulated flight conditions. It is intended that the results presented in this work will serve as a database for comparison and improvement of other open rotor blade designs and also for validating open rotor noise prediction codes.

  7. Design, Explanation, and Evaluation of Training Model Structures Based on Learning Organization--In the Cement Industry with a Nominal Production Capacity of Ten Thousand Tons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimian, Hamid; Kazemi, Mojtaba; Abbspour, Abbas

    2017-01-01

    This research aims to determine the effectiveness of training based on learning organization in the staff of cement industry with production capacity over ten thousand tons. The purpose of this study is to propose a training model based on learning organization. For this purpose, the factors of organizational learning were introduced by…

  8. Pragmatic and motivation basis of flora nominations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryabko Olga Pavlovna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available By now the theory of language nomination has overcome two periods in its academic research: the first-classical one and the second-post-classical period. The first period is characterized, first of all, by onomaseological works of Russian linguists and may truelly be considered as the forthcoming of cognitivism in our country. The second period has been influenced by stimulative ideas of cognitive linguistics. This period is defined as the development of cognitive theory of nomination. The theory of terminology nomination has consequently acquired cognitive trends. The object of our thorough study is the terminology in flora namings. We have gained econormus factual material and classified it into flora macrofield. The macrofield of flora namings embraces three microfields (parametric, pragmatic and locative-temporal, which determine motivation in flora theory of nomination. In the article we have focused on motivated-nominative pragmatic qualities of flora namings, presented in three classified groups: functional- pragmatic, denotative-objective and alethic ones. Each group has in its turn several subgroups of qualities in flora namings, which are studied through defenition from authorized lexicographical dictionaries. Pragmatic nomination is realized by inductive-logical mechanism. Classificated system of qualities in flora namings has determined an integrated pragmatically-motivated basis of flora nomination.

  9. The nominalized infinitive in French: structure and change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sleeman, P.

    2010-01-01

    Many European languages have both nominal and verbal nominalized infinitives. They differ, however, in the degree to which the nominalized infinitives possess nominal and verbal properties. In this paper, nominalized infinitives in French are analyzed. It is shown that, whereas Old French was like o

  10. 7 CFR 1260.143 - Nominations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Cattlemen's Beef Promotion and Research Board § 1260.143 Nominations....

  11. Kimball to Be Nominated to Lead USGS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2014-01-01

    Suzette Kimball, who has served as acting director of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) since February 2013, will be nominated to be director of the agency, U.S. president Barack Obama announced on 9 January. If Kimball's nomination is confirmed by the U.S. Senate, she will lead the science agency, which has more than 8000 employees and an annual budget of more than $1.1 billion.

  12. Parametric motivation bases of floranimic nomination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga P. Ryabko

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The period of further development in the cognitive theory of nomination has been extensive in recent years. Our research has been concentrated on the formation of conceptual foundations in cognitive theory of flora nomination. The macrofield of flora namings embraces three microfields: parametric, pragmatic and locative-temporal ones. They determine motivation processes in cognitive theory of flora nomination, i.e., the presentation of systematic qualities in flora namings in the English language. The description and characterization of such qualities presupposes the existence of their taxonomic organization and methodology criteria, both general and practical ones. Flora namings on the phenomenological level are considered to be the products of naöve-cognitive consciousness of language speakers. They are determined, from the one hand, by the external perceptive adaptations (parametric nomination and, from the other hand, by practical needs (pure pragmatic nomination and local-temporal nomination. In this article we have concentrated on the complex parametric motivated basis of flora nomination. It is presented by a number of qualities, firstly, by dominative qualities («form», «appearance and manner of growth», «color», secondly, by peripheral qualities («odour», «taste», «size» and, finally, by minor qualities («sound», «weight», «genger». In the structure of complex parametric nomination the only one conerete qualitative element from the whole combination of qualities becomes the leading one. The cultural-archetypal dominant element determines. In each concrete situation, the choice of preferable prototypal motivated quality.

  13. On the Nominalization from the Functional Grammar Theory Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管梦迪

    2014-01-01

    this paper intends to explore the phenomena of nominalization from the perspective of Functional Grammar Theory. With the brief interpretation of the nominalization functioning in the text, it is hoped to make a bet er understanding about the nominalization.

  14. 7 CFR 989.31 - Failure to nominate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Raisin Administrative Committee § 989.31 Failure to nominate. In the event nomination for a member or alternate member position on the committee is not certified pursuant to... position without regard to nomination....

  15. 78 FR 2255 - Nominations to the Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XC393 Nominations to the Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice; request for nominations. SUMMARY: Nominations are being sought for...

  16. Numerical analysis of bump foil bearings without nominal radial clearance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhan-sheng; XU Huai-jin; ZHANG Guang-hui

    2008-01-01

    Bump foil bearings without nominal radial clearance were analyzed. An air film thickness model and a bearing theoretical analytical model were developed accounting for air compressibility and foil deformation. To analyze hydrodynamic characteristics of bump foil beatings with different operating eccentricities, the air film thickness equation and Reynolds equation were coupled through pressure and solved by Newton-Raphson Method(NRM) and Finite Difference Method (FDM). The characteristics of an bump foil bearing model were dis-cussed including load carrying capacity, film thickness and pressure distributions. The results of simulation show that bump foil beating without nominal radial clearance can provide better stability and greater load capaci-ty. This numerical analytical method also reveals a good convergence in numerical calculation.

  17. Nominating under constraints: A systematic comparison of unlimited and limited peer nomination methodologies in elementary school

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gommans, Rob; Cillessen, Antonius H. N.

    2015-01-01

    Children’s peer relationships are frequently assessed with peer nominations. An important methodological issue is whether to collect unlimited or limited nominations. Some researchers have argued that the psychometric differences between both methods are negligible, while others have claimed that on

  18. 7 CFR 932.31 - Failure to nominate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulating Handling Olive Administrative Committee § 932.31 Failure to nominate. If nominations for any position on the committee are not received by the Secretary by May 1 of the year in which nominations are to be made, the Secretary may select an eligible individual without regard to nomination....

  19. IAU 2015 Resolution B3 on Recommended Nominal Conversion Constants for Selected Solar and Planetary Properties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mamajek, E. E.; Prsa, A.; Torres, G.

    2015-01-01

    , are not secularly constant, and are updated regularly using new observations), they should be interpreted as standard values and not as CBEs. IAU 2015 Resolution B3 adopts five solar conversion constants (nominal solar radius, nominal total solar irradiance, nominal solar luminosity, nominal solar effective...... temperature, and nominal solar mass parameter) and six planetary conversion constants (nominal terrestrial equatorial radius, nominal terrestrial polar radius, nominal jovian equatorial radius, nominal jovian polar radius, nominal terrestrial mass parameter, and nominal jovian mass parameter)....

  20. Regular and context-free nominal traces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mezzetti, Gianluca

    2016-01-01

    Two kinds of automata are presented, for recognising new classes of regular and context-free nominal languages. We compare their expressive power with analogous proposals in the literature, showing that they express novel classes of languages. Although many properties of classical languages hold ...

  1. ATLAS Barrel Toroid magnet reached nominal field

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

     On 9 November the barrel toroid magnet reached its nominal field of 4 teslas, with an electrical current of 21 000 amperes (21 kA) passing through the eight superconducting coils as shown on this graph

  2. Primaries and the Presidential Nomination Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Squire, Peverill

    1988-01-01

    Examines the history of U.S. political primaries, discusses Democratic Party reforms in the presidential nomination process since 1968, and cites important generalizations about how the process works today. States that the system lessens party leader influence, giving the media power to set public expectations and declare winners and losers. (GEA)

  3. 75 FR 64641 - Facilitating Shareholder Director Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ... state law rights to nominate and elect directors to company boards of directors. We are publishing this... effective date of November 15, 2010, and a compliance date of November 15, 2010, except that companies that... compliance dates. SUMMARY: By order dated October 4, 2010 (Release No. 33-9149, 34- 63031), the Securities...

  4. Mappings of Fields Based on Nominations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenk, Peter

    1983-01-01

    Graphical representations of nominations and citations of colleagues in seven scientific fields--information science, human systems management, future studies, general systems, topology and differential geometry, and polymer chemistry--are presented. Conomination analysis and cocitation analysis are compared as techniques to study structure of…

  5. Los adjuntos como componentes del sintagma nominal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Henrik Høeg

    2000-01-01

    Suponiendo una profunda analogía entre la oración y el sintagma nominal, se comprueba en el presente artículo que la distinción funcional entre argumentos y adjuntos, ampliamente reconocida en el ámbito oracional, encuentra su contrapartida directa en el nivel sintagmático. Establecida esta...... división fundamental, el artículo se concentra en la descripción de la función de los adjuntos dentro del sintagma nominal, poniendo énfasis en los conceptos de referencialidad, incorporación y grado de cohesión como factores determinantes para el alcance predicativo del adjunto. Además, en un intento de...

  6. LA FRASE NOMINAL NGÄBÉRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Murillo Miranda

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es el avance de una amplia investigación cuyo propósito es elaborar una gramática descriptiva de la lengua chibcha ngäbére. El artículo presenta las características particulares más relevantes de la frase nominal de dicha variante dialectal (hablada en Costa Rica, también en Panamá, y establece la relación con algunas de las características generales de otras lenguas chibchas ístmicas. El primer apartado del escrito es una introducción a la lengua ngäbére y a sus hablantes; el segundo presenta la morfología de los sustantivos, pronombres y otras clases de palabras que conforman la frase nominal; el tercer apartado trata de la sintaxis de la frase nominal y esboza, de manera sucinta, las relaciones gramaticales; el cuarto apartado es una conclusión valorativa de este trabajo.

  7. LA FRASE NOMINAL NGÄBÉRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Murillo Miranda

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es el avance de una amplia investigación cuyo propósito es elaborar una gramática descriptiva de la lengua chibcha ngäbére. El artículo presenta las características particulares más relevantes de la frase nominal de dicha variante dialectal (hablada en Costa Rica, también en Panamá, y establece la relación con algunas de las características generales de otras lenguas chibchas ístmicas. El primer apartado del escrito es una introducción a la lengua ngäbére y a sus hablantes; el segundo presenta la morfología de los sustantivos, pronombres y otras clases de palabras que conforman la frase nominal; el tercer apartado trata de la sintaxis de la frase nominal y esboza, de manera sucinta, las relaciones gramaticales; el cuarto apartado es una conclusión valorativa de este trabajo.

  8. 76 FR 40887 - Nominations to the Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... qualifications and interest in serving on the Committee. Self- nominations are acceptable. The following contact... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XA558 Nominations to the Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee AGENCY: Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National...

  9. 7 CFR 1210.404 - Importer member nomination and selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Importer member nomination and selection. 1210.404... WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Nominating Procedures Importer Members § 1210.404 Importer member nomination and selection. (a) The Board shall include one or more representatives of importers, who shall...

  10. Passivization, reconstruction and edge phenomena : connecting English and Japanese nominalizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hout, Angeliek; Kamiya, Masaaki; Roeper, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    We establish surprising effects of scope freezing in English nominals that are unambiguously passive, and show parallels with scope freezing in Japanese sa 'extent' nominals. We argue that passive movement is an abstract operation inside these English nominalizations (-able plus -ity and -ed plus -n

  11. 7 CFR 955.122 - Change in nomination deadlines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... position as alternate of the Committee which is vacant, or about to become vacant. Such nominations shall... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Change in nomination deadlines. 955.122 Section 955... ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA Rules and Regulations § 955.122 Change in nomination deadlines. Pursuant to §...

  12. 7 CFR 993.30 - Failure to nominate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Order Regulating Handling Prune Marketing Committee § 993.30 Failure to nominate. If a nomination for any position on the committee is not received by the Secretary by May 1, the Secretary may select an eligible individual without regard to nominations....

  13. 7 CFR 987.24 - Nomination and selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling California Date Administrative Committee § 987.24 Nomination and selection. (a) Nomination for members and alternate members of the Committee... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination and selection. 987.24 Section...

  14. 75 FR 70906 - Nominations to the Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ..., thereby bringing the Committee to its full complement of 21 members. DATES: Nominations must be postmarked... interest in serving on the Committee. Self-nominations are acceptable. The following contact information... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XA045 Nominations to the Marine Fisheries...

  15. On the empirical identification and evaluation of "expert nominators''

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marks, P.E.L.; Babcock, B.; Cillessen, A.H.N.

    2015-01-01

    The current study aims to evaluate and empirically investigate Prinstein's (2007) conclusions regarding expert nominators, a subsample of individuals in a peer group whose peer nominations might substitute for nominations from the full sample. The current study empirically identified experts based o

  16. A Note on Nominal and Real Devaluation in Laos

    OpenAIRE

    Kyophilavong, Phouphet; Shahbaz, Muhammad; Salah Uddin, Gazi

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate whether or not nominal devaluation leads to real devaluation in Laos by using the ARDL bounds testing and the Granger causality test in a VECM framework. Our empirical evidence shows that nominal devaluation Granger causes real devaluation in short run and long run. This finding implies that nominal devaluation leads to real devaluation.

  17. LA FRASE NOMINAL NGÄBÉRE The Nominal Phrase Ngäbére

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Murillo Miranda

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es el avance de una amplia investigación cuyo propósito es elaborar una gramática descriptiva de la lengua chibcha ngäbére. El artículo presenta las características particulares más relevantes de la frase nominal de dicha variante dialectal (hablada en Costa Rica, también en Panamá, y establece la relación con algunas de las características generales de otras lenguas chibchas ístmicas. El primer apartado del escrito es una introducción a la lengua ngäbére y a sus hablantes; el segundo presenta la morfología de los sustantivos, pronombres y otras clases de palabras que conforman la frase nominal; el tercer apartado trata de la sintaxis de la frase nominal y esboza, de manera sucinta, las relaciones gramaticales; el cuarto apartado es una conclusión valorativa de este trabajo.This work is a preview of a broader study whose goal is to create a descriptive grammar of the Chibchan language, Ngäbere. The article describes the most relevant features of the dialect's nominal phrase (spoken in Costa Rica and Panama and establishes the relationship with some of the general features of other Isthmian Chibchan languages. The first part of the report is an introduction to Ngäbere and it speakers; the second, describes the morphology of the nouns, pronouns, and other words that make up the nominal phrase; the third, is about the syntax of the nominal phrase and it outlines in a succinct manner, grammatical relationships; the last part is a critical conclusion of this work.

  18. Nominal Ethnocentrism and the Performing Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marie Pradier

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This text presents human spectacle practices based on their diverse and diversified usages, designated by their proper original denomination. It discusses lexemes such as value of patronymic identity, and nominal ethnocentrism as a widespread trend in several environments – including academic environments – whose main point is to replace the original term with an analogue translation. This text also discusses the way such procedure may encourage the adoption of terms such as theatreand tragedyto value practices considered of minor importance. Such ethnocentrisms are criticized by presenting arguments from literature, linguistics and other fields of knowledge.

  19. Money Illusion and Nominal Inertia in Experimental Asset Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noussair, Charles N.; Richter, Gregers; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    We test whether large but purely nominal shocks affect real asset market prices. We subject a laboratory asset market to an exogenous shock, which either inflates or deflates the nominal fundamental value of the asset, while holding the real fundamental value constant. After an inflationary shock......, nominal prices adjust upward rapidly and we observe no real effects. However, after a deflationary shock, nominal prices display considerable inertia and real prices adjust only slowly and incompletely toward the levels that would prevail in the absence of a shock. Thus, an asymmetry is observed...... in the price response to inflationary and deflationary nominal shocks....

  20. Du syntagme nominal aux objets-de-discours: SN complexes, nominalisations, anaphores. (From nominal syntagma to Objects of Discourse: SN Complexes, Nominalizations, Anaphora).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrendonner, Alain, Ed.; Reichler-Beguelin, Marie-Jose, Ed.

    1995-01-01

    Papers on nominal syntagma as objects in discourse include: "Quelques notions utiles a la semantique des descripteurs nominaux" ("Some Useful Notions on the semantics of Nominal Descriptors") (Alain Berrendonner); "Note sur le statut semantique et la fonction de quelques relatives integrees" ("Note on the…

  1. Nominal Rigidities and the Dynamic Effects of a Shock to Monetary Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christiano, Lawrence J.; Eichenbaum, Martin; Evans, Charles L.

    2005-01-01

    We present a model embodying moderate amounts of nominal rigidities that accounts for the observed inertia in inflation and persistence in output. The key features of our model are those that prevent a sharp rise in marginal costs after an expansionary shock to monetary policy. Of these features, the most important are staggered wage contracts…

  2. Nominal Rigidities and the Dynamic Effects of a Shock to Monetary Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christiano, Lawrence J.; Eichenbaum, Martin; Evans, Charles L.

    2005-01-01

    We present a model embodying moderate amounts of nominal rigidities that accounts for the observed inertia in inflation and persistence in output. The key features of our model are those that prevent a sharp rise in marginal costs after an expansionary shock to monetary policy. Of these features, the most important are staggered wage contracts…

  3. Small Nominals in Brazilian Portuguese Copular Constructions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Rodrigues

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this paper is copular clauses in Brazilian Portuguese like Mulher(es é complicado, in which the predicate exhibits an unmarked form for gender and number (masculine singular, despite the presence of the feminine and/or plural form of the noun in subject position. We reject the analyses that propose that (i there is a hidden infinitive clause in the subject position, (ii the agreement is an instance of semantic agreement, and (iii the DP subject is in A-bar position, and argue that the subject is a Small Nominal (they are not projected as full DPs which lacks index features that trigger external agreement (Pereltsvaig 2006.

  4. Vertex Nomination via Content and Context

    CERN Document Server

    Coppersmith, Glen A

    2012-01-01

    If I know of a few persons of interest, how can a combination of human language technology and graph theory help me find other people similarly interesting? If I know of a few people committing a crime, how can I determine their co-conspirators? Given a set of actors deemed interesting, we seek other actors who are similarly interesting. We use a collection of communications encoded as an attributed graph, where vertices represents actors and edges connect pairs of actors that communicate. Attached to each edge is the set of documents wherein that pair of actors communicate, providing content in context - the communication topic in the context of who communicates with whom. In these documents, our identified interesting actors communicate amongst each other and with other actors whose interestingness is unknown. Our objective is to nominate the most likely interesting vertex from all vertices with unknown interestingness. As an illustrative example, the Enron email corpus consists of communications between ac...

  5. Nominal Anglicisms in -er in Serbian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Štasni Gordana R.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives an account of morphological-derivational and semantic characteristics of the nominal Anglicisms ending in -er, how they entered the Serbian language, the degree of their integration and their place in the lexicon. Typically, those are nouns pertaining to the nomina agentis, nomina professionis and nomina instrumenti categories, which belong to the general wordstock or the terminological systems. They are mainly obvious and justified Anglicisms which are highly integrated into the language. The analysis shows that these units enter Serbian isolatedly (broker, revolver, brauzer or together with other semantically or derivationally related Anglicisms (pejdžer - pejdžing, kidnapovati - kidnaper, džogirati - džoger - džoging. The Anglicisms ending in -er which entered Serbian isolatedly are usually not subject to further derivation as a form of secondary adaptation. On the other hand, if the Anglicisms enter as parts of a series, every member has the capacity for derivation varieties, e.g. skenirati [skener] > skeniranje, tenis [teniser] > teniski, teniser > teniserski, teniserka. The extent to which these Anglicisms are integrated into the system of the recipient language is confirmed by their capacity for further semantic variations (using different mechanisms, and reflects on their tendency to form paradigmatic relations with native and nativized units. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 178004: Istraživanje je rađeno u okviru projekta Standardni srpski jezik: sintaksička, semantička i pragmatička istraživanja

  6. Nominated Texture Based Cervical Cancer Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Jayasingh Mariarputham

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Accurate classification of Pap smear images becomes the challenging task in medical image processing. This can be improved in two ways. One way is by selecting suitable well defined specific features and the other is by selecting the best classifier. This paper presents a nominated texture based cervical cancer (NTCC classification system which classifies the Pap smear images into any one of the seven classes. This can be achieved by extracting well defined texture features and selecting best classifier. Seven sets of texture features (24 features are extracted which include relative size of nucleus and cytoplasm, dynamic range and first four moments of intensities of nucleus and cytoplasm, relative displacement of nucleus within the cytoplasm, gray level cooccurrence matrix, local binary pattern histogram, tamura features, and edge orientation histogram. Few types of support vector machine (SVM and neural network (NN classifiers are used for the classification. The performance of the NTCC algorithm is tested and compared to other algorithms on public image database of Herlev University Hospital, Denmark, with 917 Pap smear images. The output of SVM is found to be best for the most of the classes and better results for the remaining classes.

  7. Nominal Weights Mean Equating: A Method for Very Small Samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babcock, Ben; Albano, Anthony; Raymond, Mark

    2012-01-01

    The authors introduced nominal weights mean equating, a simplified version of Tucker equating, as an alternative for dealing with very small samples. The authors then conducted three simulation studies to compare nominal weights mean equating to six other equating methods under the nonequivalent groups anchor test design with sample sizes of 20,…

  8. 76 FR 14684 - Call for Nominations for Resource Advisory Councils

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for Resource Advisory Councils AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Call for nominations. SUMMARY: The purpose of this notice is to request...

  9. 75 FR 14622 - Call for Nominations for Resource Advisory Councils

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for Resource Advisory Councils AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Resource Advisory Council Call for Nominations. SUMMARY: The...

  10. An Analysis of Nominalization in English News Discourse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严尔玮

    2013-01-01

    Nominalization is a prevalent linguistic phenomenon in English, especially in written English, which tends to be char⁃acterized by objective, precise and solemn style. Based on Halliday’s Systemic-functional Grammar Theory, here makes an analy⁃sis on nominalization and its three major functions in English news discourses.

  11. 29 CFR 1404.11 - Nominations of arbitrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nominations of arbitrators. 1404.11 Section 1404.11 Labor... Procedures for Arbitration Services § 1404.11 Nominations of arbitrators. (a) The parties may also report a randomly selected panel containing the names of seven (7) arbitrators accompanied by a biographical...

  12. The Semantics of Proper Names and Other Bare Nominals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izumi, Yu

    2012-01-01

    This research proposes a unified approach to the semantics of the so-called bare nominals, which include proper names (e.g., "Mary"), mass and plural terms (e.g., "water," "cats"), and articleless noun phrases in Japanese. I argue that bare nominals themselves are monadic predicates applicable to more than one…

  13. Money Illusion and Nominal Inertia in Experimental Asset Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noussair, Charles N.; Richter, Gregers; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    We test whether large but purely nominal shocks affect real asset market prices. We subject a laboratory asset market to an exogenous shock, which either inflates or deflates the nominal fundamental value of the asset, while holding the real fundamental value constant. After an inflationary shock...

  14. 75 FR 28782 - Extension of Period for Nominations to the National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE..., Commerce. ACTION: Notice and request for nominations. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce (United States..., Alexandria, Virginia 22313-1450. Nominations also may be submitted via fax: (571) 270-9100 or by electronic...

  15. IAU 2015 Resolution B3 on Recommended Nominal Conversion Constants for Selected Solar and Planetary Properties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mamajek, E. E.; Prsa, A.; Torres, G.

    2015-01-01

    Assembly in Honolulu. IAU 2015 Resolution B3 adopts a set of nominal solar, terrestrial, and jovian conversion constants for stellar and (exo)planetary astronomy which are defined to be exact SI values. While the nominal constants are based on current best estimates (CBEs; which have uncertainties......, are not secularly constant, and are updated regularly using new observations), they should be interpreted as standard values and not as CBEs. IAU 2015 Resolution B3 adopts five solar conversion constants (nominal solar radius, nominal total solar irradiance, nominal solar luminosity, nominal solar effective...... temperature, and nominal solar mass parameter) and six planetary conversion constants (nominal terrestrial equatorial radius, nominal terrestrial polar radius, nominal jovian equatorial radius, nominal jovian polar radius, nominal terrestrial mass parameter, and nominal jovian mass parameter)....

  16. Improving throughput for temporal target nomination using existing infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raeth, Peter G.

    2007-04-01

    Earlier, we reported on predictive anomaly detection (PAD) for nominating targets within data streams generated by persistent sensing and surveillance. This technique is purely temporal and does not directly depend on the physics attendant on the sensed environment. Since PAD adapts to evolving data streams, there are no determinacy assumptions. We showed PAD to be general across sensor types, demonstrating it using synthetic chaotic data and in audio, visual, and infrared applications. Defense-oriented demonstrations included explosions, muzzle flashes, and missile and aircraft detection. Experiments were ground-based and air-to-air. As new sensors come on line, PAD offers immediate data filtering and target nomination. Its results can be taken individually, pixel by pixel, for spectral analysis and material detection/identification. They can also be grouped for shape analysis, target identification, and track development. PAD analyses reduce data volume by around 95%, depending on target number and size, while still retaining all target indicators. While PAD's code is simple when compared to physics codes, PAD tends to build a huge model. A PAD model for 512 x 640 frames may contain 19,660,800 Gaussian basis functions. (PAD models grow linearly with the number of pixels and the frequency content, in the FFT sense, of the sensed scenario's background data). PAD's complexity in terms of computational and data intensity is an example of what one sees in new algorithms now in the R&D pipeline, especially as DoD seeks capability that runs fully automatic, with little to no human interaction. Work is needed to improve algorithms' throughput while employing existing infrastructure, yet allowing for growth in the types of hardware employed. In this present paper, we discuss a generic cluster interface for legacy codes that can be partitioned at the data level. The discussion's foundation is the growth of PAD models to accommodate a particular scenario and the need to

  17. 7 CFR 25.200 - Nominations by State and local governments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nominations by State and local governments. 25.200... COMMUNITIES Nomination Procedure § 25.200 Nominations by State and local governments. (a) Nomination criteria. One or more local governments and the States in which an area is located must nominate such area...

  18. Real Exchange Rate Targets, Nominal Exchange Rate Policies, and Inflation Real Exchange Rate Targets, Nominal Exchange Rate Policies, and Inflation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Saúl Lizondo

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available Real Exchange Rate Targets, Nominal Exchange Rate Policies, and Inflation Thh paper examines the implications of some nominal exchange rate policies aimed or attaining a given real exchange rate target. A policy rule that sets the rate of nominal depreciation as a function of the departures of the real exchange rate from its target level is unable to achieve the target. In contrast, a policv rule that sets the change in the rate of depreciation as a function of those departures may lead the economy to the target, under certain conditions. However, this policy could also lead the economy to a process of accelerating inflation.

  19. 76 FR 31935 - District Export Council Nomination Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ...-1376. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: As lead organizations serving the international business community... to providing international trade leadership and guidance to the local business community and... International Trade Administration District Export Council Nomination Opportunity AGENCY: International...

  20. 78 FR 32622 - District Export Council Nomination Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-31

    ... organizations serving the international business community, and working together with USEACs, the mission of the... dedicated to providing international trade leadership and guidance to the local business community and...; ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration District Export Council Nomination...

  1. 32 CFR 901.20 - Notice of nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...' nominations. If not previously received, USAFA/RRS forwards a precandidate questionnaire for completion. If the precandidate questionnaire indicates the potential to qualify for admission to the Academy or...

  2. 78 FR 7784 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters AGENCY: Government... Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy...

  3. 77 FR 23494 - Invasive Species Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ... representation of viewpoints, areas of experience, subject matter expertise, and representation of communities of... behalf of the other members of NISC, is actively soliciting nominations of qualified minorities, women...

  4. 77 FR 75607 - Plant Variety Protection Board; Soliciting Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Plant Variety Protection Board; Soliciting Nominations AGENCY: Agricultural... INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Zankowski, USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), Plant Variety Protection... 17, 2012. David Shipman, Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. BILLING CODE 3410-02-P...

  5. 7 CFR 3431.6 - Review of nominations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Designation of Veterinarian Shortage Situations § 3431.6 Review of nominations. (a) Peer panel. State... consider the objectives and activities of the veterinarian position in the veterinary service shortage...

  6. Statistical evaluation of the degree of nominal convergence of the inflation rate in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai GHEORGHE

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Nominal convergence is a process that is characterised by the gradual harmonisation, to a relatively high degree, of the national institutions and policies of the Member States with those of the EU, in the monetary and financial fields.The birth of nominal convergence is marked by the Maastricht Treaty, by means of which the criteria required for adopting the euro were established. One of the criteria refers to price stability (inflation rate, which is measured by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices. A Member State meets this criterion if it has a price performance that is sustainable and an average rate of inflation, observed over a period of one year before the examination,that does not exceed by more than 1.5 percentage point that of, at most, the three best performing Member States in terms of price stability.The article proposes a model for the statistical evaluation of the degree to which the nominal convergence criterion related to price stability is met. The evaluation is based on the following pillars: a theoretical synthesis of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, a statistical analysis concerning the evolution of inflation in Romania and the gap vis-à-vis the reference value for meeting the nominal convergence criterion.

  7. Negative nominal interest rates: History and current proposals

    OpenAIRE

    Ilgmann, Cordelius; Menner, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Given the renewed interest in negative interest rates as a means for overcoming the zero bound on nominal interest rates, this article reviews the history of negative nominal interest rates and gives a brief survey over the current proposals that received popular attention in the wake of the financial crisis of 2007/08. It is demonstrated that taxing money proposals have a long intellectual history and that instead of being the conjecture of a monetary crank, they are a serious policy proposa...

  8. Who nominates the board? - Implications on board diversity and turnover

    OpenAIRE

    Viskari, Milla

    2014-01-01

    This thesis assesses whether the type of nomination poses implications on board diversity in terms of age, gender, nationality and education, as well as turnover on a Finnish and Swedish data. The existing research on director selection and especially nomination committees is rather limited, and thus the research aims at contributing to the topic. The reviewed time period concerns 2008 to 2012, and altogether 55 Finnish and 55 Swedish public companies are included in the study, thus resul...

  9. 76 FR 5424 - Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Request for Nominations to the Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee (MCSAC). SUMMARY: The FMCSA solicits nominations...

  10. Manipulative physiotherapists can reliably palpate nominated lumbar spinal levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downey, B J; Taylor, N F; Niere, K R

    1999-08-01

    Palpating a nominated spinal level is a prerequisite to more complex tasks such as palpating the level most likely to be the source of the patient's symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of physiotherapists with a post-graduate qualification in manipulation (manipulative physiotherapists) in palpating the lumbar spines of patients in a clinical setting. Three pairs of manipulative physiotherapists palpated the randomly-nominated lumbar spinal levels of 20 patients presenting to their practices for treatment of low-back pain. Each therapist marked the skin overlying the spinous process of the nominated spinal level with an ultraviolet pen and these marks were transcribed onto transparencies for analysis. The therapists obtained an overall weighted kappa of 0.92 indicating almost perfect agreement for locating the nominated spinal level. The results of this study indicate that manipulative physiotherapists can reliably palpate nominated lumbar spinal levels, suggesting further training in spinal therapy enhances the palpatory skills of physiotherapists in palpating nominated lumbar spinal levels.

  11. 77 FR 2728 - Request for Public Comment on Nominations and Call for Additional Nominations to the Report on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-19

    ...), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and Merkel cell polyomavirus * Nominations to the RoC may seek to... data to support the rationale (e.g., journal articles, NTP Technical Reports, International Agency...

  12. Contact Analysis of Nominally Flat Surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    specifically surface topography. Starting with the Weierstrass- Mandelbrot Equation (fractal equation), the engineers approximated the power spectrum, and...Komvopoulos, the Weierstrass- Mandelbrot function was used to model the surface topography. A finite element analysis was performed using the commercial... Mandelbrot of Poland. Mandelbrot was the first to point out the feasibility of modeling natural, physical objects with the concept. The property

  13. Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M.A. Wasiolek

    2005-04-28

    This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis report describes the development of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater exposure scenario, and the development of conversion factors for assessing compliance with the groundwater protection standards. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows the interrelationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and provides an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling. This report is one of two reports that develop BDCFs, which are input parameters for the TSPA-LA model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes in detail the ERMYN conceptual model and mathematical model. The input parameter reports, shown to the right of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' in Figure 1-1, contain detailed description of the model input parameters, their development, and the relationship between the parameters and specific features events and processes (FEPs). This report describes biosphere model calculations and their output, the BDCFs, for the groundwater exposure scenario. This analysis receives direct input from the outputs of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) and the five analyses that develop parameter values for the biosphere model (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172827]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169672]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169673]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169458]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169459]). The results of this report are further analyzed in the ''Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Importance and Sensitivity Analysis

  14. High-Fidelity Multi-Rotor Unmanned Aircraft System Simulation Development for Trajectory Prediction Under Off-Nominal Flight Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, John V.; Hartman, David C.

    2017-01-01

    The NASA Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Traffic Management (UTM) project is conducting research to enable civilian low-altitude airspace and UAS operations. A goal of this project is to develop probabilistic methods to quantify risk during failures and off nominal flight conditions. An important part of this effort is the reliable prediction of feasible trajectories during off-nominal events such as control failure, atmospheric upsets, or navigation anomalies that can cause large deviations from the intended flight path or extreme vehicle upsets beyond the normal flight envelope. Few examples of high-fidelity modeling and prediction of off-nominal behavior for small UAS (sUAS) vehicles exist, and modeling requirements for accurately predicting flight dynamics for out-of-envelope or failure conditions are essentially undefined. In addition, the broad range of sUAS aircraft configurations already being fielded presents a significant modeling challenge, as these vehicles are often very different from one another and are likely to possess dramatically different flight dynamics and resultant trajectories and may require different modeling approaches to capture off-nominal behavior. NASA has undertaken an extensive research effort to define sUAS flight dynamics modeling requirements and develop preliminary high fidelity six degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) simulations capable of more closely predicting off-nominal flight dynamics and trajectories. This research has included a literature review of existing sUAS modeling and simulation work as well as development of experimental testing methods to measure and model key components of propulsion, airframe and control characteristics. The ultimate objective of these efforts is to develop tools to support UTM risk analyses and for the real-time prediction of off-nominal trajectories for use in the UTM Risk Assessment Framework (URAF). This paper focuses on modeling and simulation efforts for a generic quad-rotor configuration typical

  15. Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M. Wasiolek

    2004-09-08

    This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis report describes the development of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater exposure scenario, and the development of conversion factors for assessing compliance with the groundwater protection standard. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows the interrelationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and provides an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling. This report is one of two reports that develop biosphere BDCFs, which are input parameters for the TSPA-LA model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes in detail the ERMYN conceptual model and mathematical model. The input parameter reports, shown to the right of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' in Figure 1-1, contain detailed description of the model input parameters, their development, and the relationship between the parameters and specific features events and processes (FEPs). This report describes biosphere model calculations and their output, the BDCFs, for the groundwater exposure scenario. The objectives of this analysis are to develop BDCFs for the groundwater exposure scenario for the three climate states considered in the TSPA-LA as well as conversion factors for evaluating compliance with the groundwater protection standard. The BDCFs will be used in performance assessment for calculating all-pathway annual doses for a given concentration of radionuclides in groundwater. The conversion factors will be used for calculating gross alpha particle

  16. Empathy and nonattachment independently predict peer nominations of prosocial behaviour of adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baljinder K Sahdra

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available There is a plethora of research showing that empathy promotes prosocial behaviour among young people. We examined a relatively new construct in the mindfulness literature, nonattachment, defined as a flexible way of relating to one’s experiences without clinging to or suppressing them. We tested whether nonattachment could predict prosociality above and beyond empathy. Nonattachment implies high cognitive flexibility and sufficient mental resources to step out of excessive self-cherishing to be there for others in need. Multilevel Poisson models using a sample of 15-year olds (N=1831 showed that empathy and nonattachment independently predicted prosocial behaviours of helpfulness and kindness, as judged by same-sex and opposite-sex peers, except for when boys nominated girls. The effects of nonattachment remained substantial in more conservative models including self-esteem and peer nominations of liking.

  17. Zero nominal interest rates, unemployment, excess reserves and deflation in a liquidity trap

    OpenAIRE

    Murota, Ryu-ichiro; ONO, Yoshiyasu

    2009-01-01

    We present a dynamic and monetary model that consistently explains such various phenomena as unemployment, deflation, zero nominal interest rates and excess reserves held by commercial banks. These phenomena are commonly observed during the Great Depression in the United States, the recent long-run stagnation in Japan, and the worldwide financial crisis triggered by the US subprime loan problem of 2008. We show that an excessive liquidity preference leads to a liquidity trap and thereby gener...

  18. Unemployment benefits extensions at the zero lower bound on nominal interest rate

    OpenAIRE

    Albertini, Julien; Poirier, Arthur

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the impact of the recent US unemployment benefits extension on the labor market dynamic when the nominal interest rate is held at the zero lower bound (ZLB). Using a New Keynesian model, our quantitative experiments suggest that, in contrast to the existing literature that ignores the liquidity trap situation, unemployment benefits expansions cause a wage and inflationary pressure which curb the increase in real interest rate and slightly reduce unemployment at th...

  19. Scientific Representation and Nominalism: An Empiricist View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio Bueno

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Can a constructive empiricist make sense of scientific representation? Usually, a scientific model is an abstract entity (e.g., formulated in set theory, and scientific representation is conceptualized as an intentional relation between scientific models and certain aspects of the world. On this conception, since both the models and the representation relation are abstract, a constructive empiricist, who is not committed to the existence of abstract entities, would be unable to invoke these notions to make sense of scientific representation. In this paper, instead of understanding representation as a relation between abstract entities, I focus on the activity of representing, and argue that it provides a way of making sense of representation within the boundaries of empiricism. The activity of representing doesn’t deal with abstract entities, but with concrete ones, such as inscriptions, templates, and blueprints. In the end, by examining the practice of representing, rather than an artificially reified product—the representation—the constructive empiricist has the resources to make sense of scientific representation in empiricist terms.

  20. Nominalizations in Spanish. Studies in Linguistics and Language Learning, Volume V.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, Julia Sableski

    Using methods developed in transformational generative grammar, three types of nominal constructions in Spanish are treated in this paper: Fact nominalizations ("[El] Escribir es agradable"), Manner nominalizations ("El tocar [de la mujer] es agradable"), and Abstract noun nominalizations ("La construccion rapida de esta escuela es dudosa"). While…

  1. 76 FR 76732 - Nominations to the Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-08

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Nominations to the Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability AGENCY: Office of... Committee for up to four-year terms. DATES: All nominations must be received no later than 4 p.m. EDT on... nominate themselves for consideration of appointment to the Committee. All nominations must include...

  2. 77 FR 61007 - Request for Nominations for Voting Members on a Public Advisory Committee; Tobacco Products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... Products Scientific Advisory Committee. Nominations received after December 4, 2012, will be considered for nomination to the committee as later vacancies occur. ADDRESSES: All nominations for membership should be... nomination for voting members on the Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee. Elsewhere in this...

  3. 7 CFR 917.18 - Nomination of commodity committee members of the Control Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination of commodity committee members of the... Administrative Bodies § 917.18 Nomination of commodity committee members of the Control Committee. Nominations... following manner: (a) A nomination for one member shall be made by each commodity committee...

  4. 7 CFR 983.42 - Initial members and nomination of successor members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... members and nomination of successor members. Nomination of committee members and alternates shall follow...) Successor members. Subsequent to the first nomination of committee members under this part, persons to be nominated to serve on the committee as producer or handler members shall be selected pursuant to...

  5. 76 FR 66042 - Advisory Committee on Commercial Remote Sensing (ACCRES); Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ...); Request for Nominations ACTION: Notice requesting nominations for the Advisory Committee on Commercial... serve on the Committee. DATES: Nominations must be postmarked no later than 30 days from the publication... pay. Each nomination that is submitted should include the proposed committee member's name...

  6. 76 FR 80901 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination... requesting nominations of individuals to serve on the National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination...: Nominations must be submitted to: Program Manager, National Medal of Technology and Innovation Program,...

  7. Charge renormalization in nominally apolar colloidal dispersions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Daniel J; Hollingsworth, Andrew D; Grier, David G

    2016-04-01

    We present high-resolution measurements of the pair interactions between dielectric spheres dispersed in a fluid medium with a low dielectric constant. Despite the absence of charge control agents or added organic salts, these measurements reveal strong and long-ranged repulsions consistent with substantial charges on the particles whose interactions are screened by trace concentrations of mobile ions in solution. The dependence of the estimated charge on the particles' radii is consistent with charge renormalization theory and, thus, offers insights into the charging mechanism in this interesting class of model systems. The measurement technique, based on optical-tweezer manipulation and artifact-free particle tracking, makes use of optimal statistical methods to reduce measurement errors to the femtonewton frontier while covering an extremely wide range of interaction energies.

  8. Monetary and Fiscal Policies' Efficiency and the Determination of a Nominal Equilibrium Exchange Rate

    OpenAIRE

    Emil Stavrev

    2000-01-01

    The author of this paper constructs a continuous time macro-econometric model of the Czech economy. The model is assembled as a system of twelve non-linear differential equations. The model is put into use to determine the nominal equilibrium exchange rate of the Czech koruna in a macro-economic framework. The paper also investigates the effectiveness of monetary and fiscal policies in the presence of a fixed exchange-rate regime and massive capital inflows. The search for an equilibrium poin...

  9. 78 FR 19290 - Call for Nominations for Advisory Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for Advisory Committees AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The purpose of this notice is to reopen the request for...

  10. Piaget's Nominal Realism from a Linguistic Point of View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ephratt, Michal

    1991-01-01

    A study of children's acquisition of synonymy as a sense-property during the second childhood period (as defined by Piaget) suggests that, contrary to psychologists' claims, nominal realism is a linguistic phenomenon that should be studied as such. (75 references) (Author/CB)

  11. Nominations sought for the 2016 Haagen-Smit Prize

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    We, the editors and publishers of Atmospheric Environment invite our readers to nominate papers for the 2016 "Haagen-Smit Prize". The prize is named in honor of Prof. Arie Jan Haagen-Smit, a pioneer in the field of air pollution.

  12. On the Historical Origins of Nominalized Process in Scientific Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, D.

    2005-01-01

    Grammatical metaphor in the form of nominalized processes is widely recognized as an important feature of scientific writing. It is also believed that this development began with Newton in the late 17th century. Linguistic development must however be seen against the background of the context in which it is produced. One of the elements which must…

  13. Projecting Grammatical Features in Nominals: Cognitive Processing Theory & Computational Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    underlying linguistic theory is an adaptation of X-Bar Theory ( Chomsky , 1970; Jackendoff, 1977) called Bi- Polar Theory (Ball, 2007a). In Bi-Polar...University Press. Chomsky , N. (1970). Remarks on Nominalization. In Jacobs & Rosembaum, (Eds.), Readings in English Transformational Grammar. Waltham, MA

  14. Expressed satisfaction with the nominal group technique among change agents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gresham, J.N.

    2006-01-01

    Expressed Satisfaction with the Nominal Group Technique Among Change Agents. Jon Neal Gresham The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not policymakers and change agents with differing professional backgrounds and responsibilities, who participated in the structured process of a nomi

  15. Nominal and Structural Subtyping in Component-Based Programming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostermann, Klaus

    2007-01-01

    type. We analyze structural and different flavors of nominal subtyping from the perspective of component-based programming, where issues such as blame assignment and modular extensibility are important. Our analysis puts various existing subtyping mechanisms into a common frame of reference...

  16. Acquiring Knowledge of Derived Nominals and Derived Adjectives in Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinellie, Sally A.; Kneile, Lynn A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This research investigated children's ability to acquire semantic and syntactic knowledge of derived nominals and derived adjectives in the context of short passages. The study also investigated the relation of morphological awareness and the ability to acquire knowledge of derived words in context. Method: A total of 106 children in…

  17. 36 CFR 73.7 - World Heritage nomination process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Service (NPS) provides staff support to the Assistant Secretary. (2) The Assistant Secretary initiates the... process. 73.7 Section 73.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION § 73.7 World Heritage nomination process. (a) What is the U.S....

  18. Expressed satisfaction with the nominal group technique among change agents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gresham, J.N.

    1986-01-01

    Expressed Satisfaction with the Nominal Group Technique Among Change Agents. Jon Neal Gresham The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not policymakers and change agents with differing professional backgrounds and responsibilities, who participated in the structured process of a

  19. Nominal dysphasia and euphoria caused by EBV encephalitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carman, Kursat Bora; Yakut, Ayten; Ekici, Arzu; Isikay, Sedat

    2013-01-01

    Encephalitis is an uncommon neurological complication of Ebstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and usually presents with confusion, decreased level of consciousness, fever, epileptic seizure, emotional instability and chorea. We present a patient with EBV encephalitis, characterised by nominal dysphasia, euphoria and personality changes. PMID:23307455

  20. 24 CFR 597.202 - Submission of nominations for designation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... reporting on the use of Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community Social Service Block Grant funds; and (8... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES URBAN EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES...) General. A nomination for designation as an Empowerment Zone and/or Enterprise Community must be...

  1. African-American Press Coverage of Clarence Thomas Nomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fearn-Banks, Kathleen

    1994-01-01

    Examines pressures facing the African American press by focusing on its coverage of the 1991 nomination of Clarence Thomas to the United States Supreme Court. Discusses the dilemma these newspapers faced in choosing between supporting African Americans and supporting civil rights, with their mixed coverage of the story reflecting this dilemma. (SR)

  2. IAU 2015 Resolution B3 on Recommended Nominal Conversion Constants for Selected Solar and Planetary Properties

    CERN Document Server

    Mamajek, E E; Torres, G; Harmanec, P; Asplund, M; Bennett, P D; Capitaine, N; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J; Depagne, E; Folkner, W M; Haberreiter, M; Hekker, S; Hilton, J L; Kostov, V; Kurtz, D W; Laskar, J; Mason, B D; Milone, E F; Montgomery, M M; Richards, M T; Schou, J; Stewart, S G

    2015-01-01

    Astronomers commonly quote the properties of celestial objects in units of parameters for the Sun, Jupiter, or the Earth. The resolution presented here was proposed by the IAU Inter-Division Working Group on Nominal Units for Stellar and Planetary Astronomy and passed by the XXIXth IAU General Assembly in Honolulu. IAU 2015 Resolution B3 adopts a set of nominal solar, terrestrial, and jovian conversion constants for stellar and (exo)planetary astronomy which are defined to be exact SI values. While the nominal constants are based on current best estimates (CBEs; which have uncertainties, are not secularly constant, and are updated regularly using new observations), they should be interpreted as standard values and not as CBEs. IAU 2015 Resolution B3 adopts five solar conversion constants (nominal solar radius, nominal total solar irradiance, nominal solar luminosity, nominal solar effective temperature, and nominal solar mass parameter) and six planetary conversion constants (nominal terrestrial equatorial ra...

  3. General Bindings and Alpha-Equivalence in Nominal Isabelle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Christian; Kaliszyk, Cezary

    Nominal Isabelle is a definitional extension of the Isabelle/HOL theorem prover. It provides a proving infrastructure for reasoning about programming language calculi involving named bound variables (as opposed to de-Bruijn indices). In this paper we present an extension of Nominal Isabelle for dealing with general bindings, that means term-constructors where multiple variables are bound at once. Such general bindings are ubiquitous in programming language research and only very poorly supported with single binders, such as lambda-abstractions. Our extension includes new definitions of α-equivalence and establishes automatically the reasoning infrastructure for α-equated terms. We also prove strong induction principles that have the usual variable convention already built in.

  4. General Bindings and Alpha-Equivalence in Nominal Isabelle

    CERN Document Server

    Urban, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Nominal Isabelle is a definitional extension of the Isabelle/HOL theorem prover. It provides a proving infrastructure for reasoning about programming language calculi involving named bound variables (as opposed to de-Bruijn indices). In this paper we present an extension of Nominal Isabelle for dealing with general bindings, that means term constructors where multiple variables are bound at once. Such general bindings are ubiquitous in programming language research and only very poorly supported with single binders, such as lambda-abstractions. Our extension includes new definitions of alpha-equivalence and establishes automatically the reasoning infrastructure for alpha-equated terms. We also prove strong induction principles that have the usual variable convention already built in.

  5. Nominalization and Its Implications on the Teaching of Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Rong-quan

    2013-01-01

    This paper makes an analysis of the general features of written discourse through exploring the relationship between grammatical metaphor and style. Trough the analysis of the students’writing assignments, it can be seen that many of students’ mistakes centre around diction, grammatical structure and transition. Besides these, their writing has the trait of oral style. One reason for this phenomenon has a lot to do with nominalization.

  6. Geological nominations at UNESCO World Heritage, an upstream struggle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olive-Garcia, Cécile; van Wyk de Vries, Benjamin

    2017-04-01

    Using my 10 years experience in setting up and defending a UNESCO world Heritage Geological nomination, this presentation aims to give a personal insight into this international process and the differential use of science, subjective perception (aesthetic and 'naturality'), and politics. At this point in the process, new protocols have been tested in order to improve the dialogue, accountability and transparency between the different stake-holders. These are, the State parties, the IUCN, the scientific community, and UNESCO itself. Our proposal is the Chaîne des Puys-Limagne fault ensemble, which combines tectonic, geomorphological evolution and volcanology. The project's essence is a conjunction of inseparable geological features and processes, set in the context of plate tectonics. This very unicit yof diverse forms and processes creates the value of the site. However, it is just this that has caused a problem, as the advisory body has a categorical approach of nominations that separates items to assess them in an unconnected manner.From the start we proposed a combined approach, where a property is seen in its entirety, and the constituent elements seen as interlinked elements reflecting the joint underlying phenomena. At this point, our project has received the first ever open review by an independent technical mission (jointly set up by IUCN, UNESCO and the State party). The subsequent report was broadly supportive of the project's approach and of the value of the ensemble of features. The UNESCO committee in 2016, re-referred the nomination, acknowledging the potential Outstanding Universal Value of the site and requesting the parties to continue the upstream process (e.g. collaborative work), notably on the recommendations and conclusions of the Independent Technical mission report. Meetings are continuing, and I shall provide you with the hot-off-the-press news as this ground breaking nomination progresses.

  7. Formalising the pi-calculus using nominal logic

    CERN Document Server

    Bengtson, Jesper

    2008-01-01

    We formalise the pi-calculus using the nominal datatype package, based on ideas from the nominal logic by Pitts et al., and demonstrate an implementation in Isabelle/HOL. The purpose is to derive powerful induction rules for the semantics in order to conduct machine checkable proofs, closely following the intuitive arguments found in manual proofs. In this way we have covered many of the standard theorems of bisimulation equivalence and congruence, both late and early, and both strong and weak in a uniform manner. We thus provide one of the most extensive formalisations of a process calculus ever done inside a theorem prover. A significant gain in our formulation is that agents are identified up to alpha-equivalence, thereby greatly reducing the arguments about bound names. This is a normal strategy for manual proofs about the pi-calculus, but that kind of hand waving has previously been difficult to incorporate smoothly in an interactive theorem prover. We show how the nominal logic formalism and its support...

  8. La frase nominal Ngäbére

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murillo Miranda José Manuel

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es el avance de una amplia investigación cuyo propósito es elaborar una gramática descriptiva de la lengua chibcha ngäbére. El artículo presenta las características particulares más relevantes de la frase nominal de dicha variante dialectal (hablada en Costa Rica, también en Panamá, y establece la relación con algunas de las características generales de otras lenguas chibchas ístmicas. El primer apartado del escrito es una introducción a la lengua ngäbére y a sus hablantes; elsegundo presenta la morfología de los sustantivos, pronombres y otras clases de palabras que conforman la frase nominal; el tercer apartado trata de la sintaxis de la frase nominal y esboza, de manera sucinta, las relaciones gramaticales; el cuarto apartado es una conclusión valorativa de este trabajo.

  9. 76 FR 5131 - Solicitation of Nomination of Veterinary Shortage Situations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    ... National Institute of Food and Agriculture Solicitation of Nomination of Veterinary Shortage Situations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) AGENCY: National Institute of Food and... and Agriculture (NIFA) is soliciting nominations for veterinary service shortage situations for...

  10. 76 FR 80878 - Solicitation of Veterinary Shortage Situation Nominations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... National Institute of Food and Agriculture Solicitation of Veterinary Shortage Situation Nominations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) AGENCY: National Institute of Food and... and Agriculture (NIFA) is soliciting nominations of veterinary service shortage situations for...

  11. 75 FR 65030 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Nomination Solicitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Nomination Solicitation AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Native American Graves Protection and... nominations for two members of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee....

  12. 78 FR 22292 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of Nomination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ... National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of.... SUMMARY: The National Park Service is soliciting nominations for one member of the Native American Graves... nominations submitted by Indian tribes, Native Hawaiian organizations, and traditional Native...

  13. 77 FR 65406 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of Nomination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ... National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of.... SUMMARY: The National Park Service is soliciting nominations for one member of the Native American Graves... nominations submitted by Indian tribes, Native Hawaiian organizations, and traditional Native...

  14. 75 FR 13140 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Nomination Solicitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    ... National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Nomination Solicitation AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Native American Graves Protection and... nominations for one member of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee....

  15. 78 FR 37876 - Establishment of Regional Energy Resource Council and Solicitation of Nominations for Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... Establishment of Regional Energy Resource Council and Solicitation of Nominations for Membership AGENCY: Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). ACTION: Notice of Establishment of the Regional Energy Resource Council and Solicitation of Nominations for Membership. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the Tennessee Valley...

  16. 78 FR 74102 - Solicitation of Nominations for Members of the USDA Grain Inspection Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-10

    .... ADDRESSES: Submit nominations for the Advisory Committee by completing form AD-755 and mail to: Terri L... Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration Solicitation of Nominations for Members of the USDA Grain Inspection Advisory Committee AGENCY: Grain Inspection, Packers and...

  17. 76 FR 66880 - Negotiated Rulemaking Committee, Negotiator Nominations and Schedule of Committee Meetings...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-28

    ... CFR Chapter VI Negotiated Rulemaking Committee, Negotiator Nominations and Schedule of Committee... set a schedule for committee meetings. DATES: We must receive your nominations for negotiators to...: Notice of establishment of negotiated rulemaking committee. SUMMARY: We announce our intention...

  18. 75 FR 57263 - Solicitation of Nominations for Membership on the Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... International Trade Administration Solicitation of Nominations for Membership on the Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee AGENCY: International Trade Administration, DOC. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking nominations for membership on the Civil Nuclear Trade...

  19. 75 FR 13785 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH); Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... listing the candidate's qualifications to serve on the committee, each nomination should state that the... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH); Request for Nominations AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA),...

  20. 75 FR 65304 - Advisory Committee on Commercial Remote Sensing (ACCRES); Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... Commerce. ACTION: Notice requesting nominations for the Advisory Committee on Commercial Remote Sensing... serving on the Committee. Self-nominations are acceptable. The following contact information should... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Advisory Committee on Commercial Remote Sensing...

  1. 77 FR 11557 - National Advisory Council on the National Health Service Corps; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration National Advisory Council on the National Health Service Corps; Request for Nominations AGENCY: Health Resources and Services Administration... Administration (HRSA) is requesting nominations to fill five vacancies on the National Advisory Council (NAC)...

  2. 75 FR 69631 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ...] National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Meeting AGENCY: United States... Technology and Innovation (NMTI) Nomination Evaluation Committee will meet in closed session on Tuesday..., Program Manager, National Medal of Technology and Innovation Program, United States Patent and...

  3. 76 FR 68167 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ...-2011-0069] National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Meeting AGENCY... of Technology and Innovation (NMTI) Nomination Evaluation Committee will meet in closed session on.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Vikrum Aiyer, Program Manager, National Medal of Technology...

  4. Processing Control Information in a Nominal Control Construction: An Eye-Tracking Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Nayoung; Sturt, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    In an eye-tracking experiment, we examined the processing of the nominal control construction. Participants' eye-movements were monitored while they read sentences that included either giver control nominals (e.g. "promise" in "Luke's promise to Sophia to photograph himself") or recipient control nominals (e.g. "plea"…

  5. 76 FR 41517 - Drafting of U.S. Nominations to the World Heritage List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-14

    ... hunter-gatherer societies. Poverty Point was selected to prepare a World Heritage nomination because it.... DATES: Draft World Heritage nominations for ``Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings'' and ``Poverty Point State... National Park Service Drafting of U.S. Nominations to the World Heritage List AGENCY: Department of...

  6. 75 FR 38538 - Notice of Intent To Solicit Nominations: Pinedale Anticline Working Group, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Intent To Solicit Nominations: Pinedale Anticline Working Group...: Nominations are being solicited for two positions on the Pinedale Anticline Working Group (PAWG) that will become open on May 28, 2010. DATES: Individuals or groups wishing to submit a nomination must send...

  7. 75 FR 66789 - Notice of Intent To Solicit Nominations: Pinedale Anticline Working Group, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Intent To Solicit Nominations: Pinedale Anticline Working Group...: Nominations are being solicited for nine positions on the Pinedale Anticline Working Group (PAWG). DATES: Individuals or groups wishing to submit a nomination must send the required information postmarked within...

  8. 49 CFR 192.109 - Nominal wall thickness (t) for steel pipe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nominal wall thickness (t) for steel pipe. 192.109... TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Pipe Design § 192.109 Nominal wall thickness (t) for steel pipe. (a) If the nominal wall thickness for steel pipe is not known...

  9. 78 FR 37877 - Request for Transit Rail Advisory Committee for Safety (TRACS) Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... Federal Transit Administration Request for Transit Rail Advisory Committee for Safety (TRACS) Nominations....gov/about/13099.html . II. Nominations Qualified individuals interested in serving on this committee... Federal Transit Administration (FTA) is seeking nominations for individuals to serve on the Transit...

  10. 7 CFR 917.115 - Nomination of shipper members for the Control Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Nomination of shipper members for the Control Committee. (a) All shippers who, prior to February 1 of the... nominations to the shipper membership of the Control Committee; and such chairman is authorized to appoint a... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination of shipper members for the...

  11. 7 CFR 917.22 - Nomination of Peach Commodity Committee members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination of Peach Commodity Committee members. 917.22 Section 917.22 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL... Nomination of Peach Commodity Committee members. Nominations for membership on the Peach Commodity...

  12. 7 CFR 917.17 - Nomination of shipper members of the Control Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination of shipper members of the Control Committee....17 Nomination of shipper members of the Control Committee. Nominations for the 12 members of the Control Committee to represent shippers shall be made in the following manner: (a) By February 1 of...

  13. 77 FR 1052 - Solicitation of Nominations for Members of the USDA Grain Inspection Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-09

    .... ADDRESSES: Submit nominations for the Advisory Committee by completing form AD-755 and mail to: Thomas... * * * '' select ``Learn about the Advisory Committee.'' GIPSA is seeking nominations for individuals to serve on... Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration Solicitation of Nominations for Members of...

  14. 76 FR 54777 - Request for Nominations for Voting Members on a Public Advisory Committee; Tobacco Products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... adequately represented on advisory committees and, therefore, encourages nominations of qualified candidates... consideration for membership on the Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee. Nominations received after November 1, 2011 will be considered for nomination to the committee if nominees are still needed....

  15. 25 CFR 122.5 - Selection/nomination process for committee members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Selection/nomination process for committee members. 122.5... OF OSAGE JUDGMENT FUNDS FOR EDUCATION § 122.5 Selection/nomination process for committee members. (a... include a brief statement of interest and qualifications for serving on the committee. (b) Nominations...

  16. 7 CFR 917.21 - Nomination of Pear Commodity Committee members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination of Pear Commodity Committee members. 917.21... AND PEACHES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Bodies § 917.21 Nomination of Pear Commodity Committee members. Nominations for membership on the Pear Commodity Committee shall...

  17. 7 CFR 917.121 - Changes in nomination of Pear Commodity Committee members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Changes in nomination of Pear Commodity Committee... Changes in nomination of Pear Commodity Committee members. Nominations for membership on the Pear Commodity Committee shall be made by the growers of pears in the respective representation areas as...

  18. 7 CFR 989.29 - Initial members and nomination of successor members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Committee § 989.29 Initial members and nomination of successor members. (a) Initial members. Members and... in nomination shall be given the opportunity to provide the committee a short statement outlining... during the preceding crop year on the Committee. Nominations shall be made by and from handlers,...

  19. 7 CFR 927.21 - Nomination and selection of members and their respective alternates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nomination and selection of members and their... Bodies § 927.21 Nomination and selection of members and their respective alternates. Grower members and... processors. Public members for each committee shall be nominated by the Fresh Pear Committee and...

  20. 75 FR 39272 - Call for Nominations to the National Geospatial Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ....S. Geological Survey Call for Nominations to the National Geospatial Advisory Committee AGENCY: U.S. Geological Survey, Interior. ACTION: Call for Nominations, National Geospatial Advisory Committee. SUMMARY...: Nominations to participate on this Committee must be received by August 24, 2010. ADDRESSES: Send...

  1. 21 CFR 14.82 - Nominations of voting members of standing advisory committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Nominations of voting members of standing advisory committees. (a) The Commissioner will publish one or more... standing advisory committees. The notice will invite the submission of nominations for voting members from... one or more qualified persons to an advisory committee. Nominations will specify the...

  2. 21 CFR 14.84 - Nominations and selection of nonvoting members of standing technical advisory committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Advisory Committees § 14.84 Nominations and selection of nonvoting members of standing technical advisory... requesting nominations for each specific committee, or subcommittee, for which nonvoting members are to be appointed. (1) A period of 30 days will be permitted for submission of nominations for that committee...

  3. 29 CFR 25.3 - Requests for nomination of arbitrators: Filing, disputes, parties, time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Requests for nomination of arbitrators: Filing, disputes... ARBITRATORS UNDER SECTION 11 OF EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988 § 25.3 Requests for nomination of arbitrators: Filing... entertain on its merits a request by an employee organization for nomination of an arbitrator on a...

  4. All in the family: the close connection between nominal-GDP targeting and the Taylor Rule

    OpenAIRE

    Evan F. Koenig

    2012-01-01

    The classic Taylor rule for adjusting the stance of monetary policy is formally a special case of nominal- gross-domestic-product (GDP) targeting. Suitably implemented, moreover, nominal-GDP targeting satisfies the definition of a "flexible inflation targeting" policy rule. However, nominal-GDP targeting would require more discipline from policymakers than some analysts think is realistic.

  5. Processing Control Information in a Nominal Control Construction: An Eye-Tracking Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Nayoung; Sturt, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    In an eye-tracking experiment, we examined the processing of the nominal control construction. Participants' eye-movements were monitored while they read sentences that included either giver control nominals (e.g. "promise" in "Luke's promise to Sophia to photograph himself") or recipient control nominals (e.g. "plea"…

  6. 77 FR 15997 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination... Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee on March 1, 2012. DATES: The Charter for the National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee was renewed on March 1,...

  7. 75 FR 8043 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination... requesting nominations of individuals to serve on the National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination..., National Medal of Technology and Innovation Program, United States Patent and Trademark Office, P.O....

  8. 76 FR 80952 - Request for Nominations for Voting Members on a Public Advisory Committee; Food Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... are adequately represented on advisory committees and, therefore, encourages nominations of qualified... consideration for membership on the Food Advisory Committee. Nominations received after February 27, 2012 will be considered for nomination to the committee if nominees are still needed. ADDRESSES:...

  9. Promoting Justices: Media Coverage of Judicial Nominations in Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryna Bogoch

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the framing of the coverage of judicial appointments in Israel in 2008 in two newspapers with nomination news from preceding years and to the patterns of press coverage in the U.S. A content analysis of 101 Supreme Court nomination articles indicated that unlike the political frame of American coverage, the press in Israel preserves its ostensible commitment to the professionalism of judges while linking the Supreme Court to political maneuvering in the selection of candidates. These findings are discussed within the context of the media's role in constructing judicial nominations as a debate about the role of the Supreme Court in Israeli society. Este artículo compara el marco de la cobertura de los nombramientos judiciales en Israel en 2008 en dos periódicos, con noticias de nombramientos de años anteriores y en los Estados Unidos, con los patrones de cobertura de prensa en los EE.UU. Un análisis de contenido de 101 artículos de nombramientos de la Corte Suprema indicó que, a diferencia del marco político de la cobertura de América, la prensa en Israel consierva su aparente compromiso con la profesionalidad de los jueces, a pesar de que relaciona la Corte Suprema con maniobras políticas en la selección de candidatos. Estos resultados se discuten en el contexto del papel de los medios de comunicación en la construcción de los nombramientos judiciales como un debate sobre el papel de la Corte Suprema en la sociedad israelí. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2478756

  10. Curriculum revision: reaching faculty consensus through the Nominal Group Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, D C; Rhodes, R; Baker, A S

    1998-10-01

    A fundamental concept to initiate change in the curriculum revision process is to overcome resistance to change and the boundaries of self-interest. Curriculum change cannot occur without an "unfreezing" of faculty values and interests. The Nominal Group Technique (NGT) was used to facilitate faculty identification of areas needing change in the undergraduate nursing curriculum. The process led to the generation of numerous independent ideas in which all faculty participated. The revised curriculum which resulted from the NGT process has had full and enthusiastic support of the faculty.

  11. SZ/X-ray scaling relations using X-ray data and Planck Nominal maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Martino, I.; Atrio-Barandela, F.

    2016-09-01

    We determine the relation between the Comptonization parameter predicted using X-ray data YC, Xray and the X-ray luminosity LX, both magnitudes derived from ROSAT data, with the Comptonization parameter YC, SZ measured on Planck 2013 foreground cleaned Nominal maps. The 560 clusters of our sample includes clusters with masses M ≥ 1013 M⊙, one order of magnitude smaller than those used by the Planck Collaboration in a similar analysis. It also contains eight times more clusters in the redshift interval z ≤ 0.3. The prediction of the β = 2/3 model convolved with the Planck antenna beam agrees with the anisotropies measured in foreground cleaned Planck Nominal maps within the X-ray emitting region, confirming the results of an earlier analysis. The universal pressure profile overestimates the signal by a 15-21 per cent depending on the angular aperture. We show that the discrepancy is not due to the presence of cool-core systems but it is an indication of a brake in the LX - M relation towards low mass systems. We show that relation of the Comptonization parameter averaged over the region that emits 99 per cent of the X-ray flux and and the X-ray luminosity is consistent with the predictions of the self-similar model. We confirm previous findings that the scaling relations studied here do not evolve with redshift within the range probed by our catalogue.

  12. An ordinal metrical scale built on a fuzzy nominal scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benoit, E.

    2010-07-01

    The Measurement theory defines a measurement as a mapping from a set of empirical property manifestations to a set of abstract property values called symbols. The ordinal metrical scales were introduced within the context of Psychophysics as a way to solve the problem of multidimensional scaling. Usually the distances used to define such scales are based on the hypothesis that symbols are vectors of numbers and that each component is expressed on an interval scale or a ratio scale. In a recent paper was introduced a distance-based scale that represents manifestations from an empirical world with fuzzy subsets of lexical terms. This approach supposes only the existence of a fuzzy nominal scale and allows a choice into a wider set of distances to build the ordinal metrical scales. This paper focuses on the knowledge source used to choose a scale definition and takes metrical scales built on fuzzy nominal scale as example. Then it opens a discussion on the reality of some distances in the empirical world.

  13. [Required procedure for nominal data files processing in biomedical research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambon-Savanovitch, C; Dubray, C; Albuisson, E; Sauvant, M P

    2001-12-01

    To date, biomedical research using nominal data files for the data collection, data acquisition or data processing has had to comply with 2 French laws (Law of December, 20, 1988, modified, relating to the protection of patients participating in biomedical research, and the Law of January, 6, 1978, completed by the Law of July 1, 1994 n degrees 94-548, chapter V bis). This later law dictates rules not only for the establishment of nominal data files, but also confer individual rights to filed persons. These regulations concern epidemiological research, clinical trials, drug watch studies and economic health research. In this note, we describe the obligations and specific general and simplified procedure required for conducting biomedical research. Included in the requirements are an information and authorization procedure with the local and national consultative committees on data processing in biomedical research (CCTIRS, Comité Consultatif sur le Traitement de l'Information en Recherche Biomédicale, and CNIL, Commission Nationale Informatique et Libertés).

  14. Nominal vs. Effective Wake Fields and their Influence on Propeller Cavitation Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Regener, Pelle Bo; Mirsadraee, Yasaman; Andersen, Poul

    2017-01-01

    Propeller designers often need to base their design on thenominal model scale wake distribution, because the effectivefull scale distribution is not available. The effects of suchincomplete design data on cavitation performance is examinedin this paper. The behind-ship cavitation performanceof two...... propellers is evaluated, where the cases consideredinclude propellers operating in the nominal model and fullscale wake distributions and in the effective wake distribution,also in model and full scale. The method for theanalyses is a combination of RANS for the ship hull anda panel method for the propeller...... flow, with a coupling ofthe two for the interaction of ship and propeller flows. Theeffect on sheet cavitation due to the different wake distributionsis examined for a typical full-form ship. Results showconsiderable differences in cavitation extent, volume, andhull pressure pulses....

  15. Backus–Smith puzzle and the European Union: It’s not just the nominal exchange rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Predrag Petrović

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available he goal of our research is testing of presence and background examination of Backus–Smith puzzle in the EU. The research is based on the technique of econometric analysis of panel data, i.e. on the estimation of one-way/two-way error component models and models without effects. The results of the research have shown that: (a there is serious evidence on presence of the Backus–Smith puzzle in the EU, (b its background comprises both nominal exchange rate and inflation differential, and (c empirical data rejects complete risk sharing assumption strongly and decisively, but this does not explain the Backus–Smith puzzle. The basic conclusion of our research is that nominal exchange rate movements are not the only source of Backus–Smith puzzle in the EU, as is the case in OECD members states.

  16. Sputtering at Mars: MAVEN observations of precipitating and escaping oxygen during nominal and extreme conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curry, Shannon; Luhmann, Janet; Dong, Chuanfei; Ma, Yingjuan; Leblanc, Francois; Modolo, Ronan; Brain, David; Gruesbeck, Jacob; Hara, Takuya; Halekas, Jasper; Dong, Yaxue; Williamson, Hayley N.; Johnson, Robert E.; McFadden, James; Espley, Jared R.; Mitchell, David; Connerney, Jack; Eparvier, Frank; Lillis, Robert J.; Jakosky, Bruce

    2016-10-01

    Sputtering is believed to be one of the dominant escape mechanisms during the early epochs of our solar system when the solar activity and EUV intensities were much higher than the present day. Mars lacks a global dynamo magnetic field, which creates a scenario where the solar wind directly interacts with the upper atmosphere and newly created ions can be picked up and swept away by the background convection electric field. These pick-up ions can directly escape or precipitate back into the atmosphere and induce atmospheric sputtering of neutrals.The MAVEN spacecraft has observed the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetic topology and interactions with the Sun and solar wind during numerous Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection (ICME) impacts spanning from March 2015 to June 2016. ICMEs are associated with enhanced solar wind velocities, densities and magnetic field strength, and often drive heavy ion precipitation at much higher rates than during nominal conditions. Thus, ICMEs provide a unique environment for observing sputtering. We will compare MAVEN observations of heavy ion precipitation during nominal conditions as well as during ICMEs. Additionally, we will present global MHD and test particle simulations of the ICMEs in order to calculate sputtering escape rates for oxygen. Finally, we will use the observed and modeled sputtering escape rates to provide an initial estimate of the total sputtered atmospheric escape from Mars over billions of years.

  17. Experimental investigation of thermal contact conductance for nominally flat metallic contact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tariq, Andallib; Asif, Mohammad

    2016-02-01

    A unique experimental set-up was fabricated to carry out axial heat flow steady state experiments for the assessment of thermal contact conductance (TCC) at the interface of two materials. Three different materials (copper, brass and stainless steel) were selected for the experiments considering their mechanical and thermal properties. Heat transfer experiments were performed in vacuum environment (0.045 torr) to find out solid spot contact conductance for nominally flat surfaces with different surface roughness (1-5 μm) for each specimen under several load conditions (0.6-15 MPa). A precise estimation of TCC for the interface of sets of similar materials was one of the most important results of this research. The effects of the surface roughness, the material properties and the load conditions (nominal interface pressure) have been studied and documented. Furthermore, the experimental results of solid spot contact conductance were compared with four theoretical models, showing their limitations to make a precise estimation of the TCC in the range of the used parameters.

  18. A study of anomia: evidence for a distinction between nominal and propositional language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breen, K; Warrington, E K

    1994-06-01

    We describe our investigations of the word retrieval abilities of a patient (NOR) with a very severe anomia. NOR had the greatest difficulty naming even very common objects to confrontation yet his word comprehension, word repetition and reading skills were intact. We documented the efficacy of different types of cues for name retrieval. Phonological and semantic cues were either ineffective or had a minor effect. By contrast a sentence frame even a low probability sentence frame (e.g. I went to the shop to buy a ...?) had a very significant facilitatory effect for object naming. In a series of experiments we explored the basis of this facilitation. It was shown that neither a picture frame, an associated verb, nor a syntactically correct but semantically meaningless sentence frame were effective cues. Our findings challenge the orthodox linear models of object naming. We interpret our observations in the context of Luria's distinction between nominative and propositional language. It is suggested that there may be two 'routes' to name retrieval, one that utilises a nominative system and an alternative one that utilises an on-line language processor that constructs propositional speech. It is the integrity of this latter system that could account for the facilitation of naming by a sentence frame in NOR, and also for the frequently observed phenomenon of the preservation of fluent speech in patients with a grave anomia.

  19. Cryogenics system: strategy to achieve nominal performance and reliable operation

    CERN Document Server

    Bremer, J; Casas, J; Claudet, S; Delikaris, D; Delruelle, N; Ferlin, G; Fluder, C; Perin, A; Perinic, G; Pezzetti, M; Pirotte, O; Tavian, L; Wagner, U

    2012-01-01

    During the LHC operation in 2010 and 2011, the cryogenic system has achieved an availability level fulfilling the overall requirement. To reach this level, the cryogenic system has profited like many other beam-dependent systems from the reduced beam parameters. Therefore, impacts of some failures occurred during the LHC operation were mitigated by using the overcapacity margin, the existing built-in redundancy in between adjacent sector cryogenic plants and the "cannibalization" of spares on two idle cryogenic plants. These two first years of operation were also crucial to identify the weaknesses of the present cryogenic maintenance plan and new issues like SEUs. After the LS1, nominal beam parameters are expected and the mitigated measures will be less effective or not applicable at all. Consequently, a consolidation plan to improve the MTBF and the MTTR of the LHC cryogenic system is under definition. Concerning shutdown periods, the present cryogenic sectorization imposes some restrictions in the type of ...

  20. Orion Burn Management, Nominal and Response to Failures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odegard, Ryan; Goodman, John L.; Barrett, Charles P.; Pohlkamp, Kara; Robinson, Shane

    2016-01-01

    An approach for managing Orion on-orbit burn execution is described for nominal and failure response scenarios. The burn management strategy for Orion takes into account per-burn variations in targeting, timing, and execution; crew and ground operator intervention and overrides; defined burn failure triggers and responses; and corresponding on-board software sequencing functionality. Burn-to- burn variations are managed through the identification of specific parameters that may be updated for each progressive burn. Failure triggers and automatic responses during the burn timeframe are defined to provide safety for the crew in the case of vehicle failures, along with override capabilities to ensure operational control of the vehicle. On-board sequencing software provides the timeline coordination for performing the required activities related to targeting, burn execution, and responding to burn failures.

  1. A metafonia nominal: (português do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda, Ana Ruth Moresco

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo descreve e analisa os fatos da metafonia nominal no português do Brasil à luz da fonologia lexical (Kiparsky, 1985 e da fonologia autossegmental (Clements, 1989; Clements e Hume, 1995. A metafonia, herança diacrônica, é apresentada como uma regra lexical de mudança de traços que se aplica no nível 2. Essa regra, uma assimilação que envolve o parâmetro de altura vocálica, atua sempre que duas vogais médias labiais adjacentes (a vogal tônica da raiz e a vogal temática não tiverem o mesmo valor para o traço

  2. Radiation levels in RE38 during nominal LHC operation

    CERN Document Server

    Presland, A

    2005-01-01

    Simulated radiation levels at the location of the electronic racks inside the RE38 alcove under nominal LHC running conditions are presented. The levels are expressed in terms of total dose [Gy], 1MeV equivalent neutrons fluence and the fluence of hadrons having energy in excess of 20 MeV. When the average loss rate around the ring is 1.65¥1011 m-1y-1 the annual dose inside an electronics rack in the alcove is 0.05 Gy [Si], the annual 1 MeV eq. neutron fluence is 5 x 108 per cm2 and the annual high energetic hadron fluence is 5 x 107 per cm2. A standard concrete shielding chicane identical to those used in all other alcoves inside the LHC tunnel would reduce the particle fluences with a factor 10.

  3. Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Nominal Design and Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Condon, Gerald; williams, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    Mission (ARCM) nominal design and performance costs associated with an Orion based crewed rendezvous mission to a captured asteroid in an Earth-Moon DRO. The ARM study includes two fundamental mission phases: 1) The Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) and 2) the ARCM. The ARRM includes a solar electric propulsion based robotic asteroid return vehicle (ARV) sent to rendezvous with a selected near Earth asteroid, capture it, and return it to a DRO in the Earth-Moon vicinity. The DRO is selected over other possible asteroid parking orbits due to its achievability (by both the robotic and crewed vehicles) and by its stability (e.g., no orbit maintenance is required). After the return of the asteroid to the Earth-Moon vicinity, the ARCM is executed and carries a crew of two astronauts to a DRO to rendezvous with the awaiting ARV with the asteroid. The outbound and inbound transfers employ lunar gravity assist (LGA) flybys to reduce the Orion propellant requirement for the overall nominal mission, which provides a nominal mission with some reserve propellant for possible abort situations. The nominal mission described in this report provides a better understanding of the mission considerations as well as the feasibility of such a crewed mission, particularly with regard to spacecraft currently undergoing development, such as the Orion vehicle and the Space Launch System (SLS).

  4. The noble enigma: Chagas' nominations for the Nobel Prize

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilia Coutinho

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available Carlos Chagas, a Brazilian physician, discovered the American trypanosomiasis in 1909. Like other remarkable discoveries of those days, his work helped to articulate the insect-vector theory and other theoretical guidelines in tropical medicine. Unlike all other discoveries, all the stages of this work were accomplished in a few months and by a single man. Chagas' discovery was widely recognized at home and abroad. He was twice nominated for the Nobel Prize - in 1913 and in 1921-, but never received the award. Evidence suggests that the reasons for this failure are related to the violent opposition that Chagas faced in Brazil. The contentions towards Chagas were related to a rejection of the meritocratic procedures that gave him prominence, as well as to local petty politics.

  5. Disambiguating bilingual nominal entries against WordNet

    CERN Document Server

    Rigau, G; Rigau, German; Agirre, Eneko

    1995-01-01

    This paper explores the acquisition of conceptual knowledge from bilingual dictionaries (French/English, Spanish/English and English/Spanish) using a pre-existing broad coverage Lexical Knowledge Base (LKB) WordNet. Bilingual nominal entries are disambiguated agains WordNet, therefore linking the bilingual dictionaries to WordNet yielding a multilingual LKB (MLKB). The resulting MLKB has the same structure as WordNet, but some nodes are attached additionally to disambiguated vocabulary of other languages. Two different, complementary approaches are explored. In one of the approaches each entry of the dictionary is taken in turn, exploiting the information in the entry itself. The inferential capability for disambiguating the translation is given by Semantic Density over WordNet. In the other approach, the bilingual dictionary was merged with WordNet, exploiting mainly synonymy relations. Each of the approaches was used in a different dictionary. Both approaches attain high levels of precision on their own, sh...

  6. Code Single Point Positioning Using Nominal GNSS Constellations (Future Perception)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farah, A. M. A.

    Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) have an endless number of applications in industry, science, military, transportation and recreation & sports. Two systems are currently in operation, namely GPS (the USA Global Positioning System) and GLONASS (the Russian GLObal NAvigation Satellite System), and a third is planned, the European satellite navigation system GALILEO. The potential performance improvements achievable through combining these systems could be significant and expectations are high. The need is inevitable to explore the future of positioning from different nominal constellations. In this research paper, Bernese 5.0 software could be modified to simulate and process GNSS observations from three different constellations (GPS, GLONASS and Galileo) using different combinations. This study presents results of code single point positioning for five stations using the three constellations and different combinations.

  7. Corpus-based Method for Automatic Identification of Support Verbs for Nominalizations

    CERN Document Server

    Grefenstette, G; Grefenstette, Gregory; Teufel, Simone

    1995-01-01

    Nominalization is a highly productive phenomena in most languages. The process of nominalization ejects a verb from its syntactic role into a nominal position. The original verb is often replaced by a semantically emptied support verb (e.g., "make a proposal"). The choice of a support verb for a given nominalization is unpredictable, causing a problem for language learners as well as for natural language processing systems. We present here a method of discovering support verbs from an untagged corpus via low-level syntactic processing and comparison of arguments attached to verbal forms and potential nominalized forms. The result of the process is a list of potential support verbs for the nominalized form of a given predicate.

  8. Nomination Commitee Attributes and Firm Performance: Evidence from Finance Companies in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    KALLAMU, Basiru Salisu

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. The paper examines the impact of nomination committee attributes on the performance of finance companies in Malaysia. Our panel data is composed of annual data for finance companies listed on the main market of Bursa Malaysia over the period 2004 to 2011. The result indicates that finance expertise of directors’ on nomination committee influences accounting returns positively while membership of executive on nomination committee affects accounting returns negatively. This indicates ...

  9. 30 CFR 285.706 - How do I nominate a CVA for MMS approval?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I nominate a CVA for MMS approval? 285..., Fabrication, and Installation Certified Verification Agent § 285.706 How do I nominate a CVA for MMS approval... (§ 285.610(a)(9)) or GAP (§ 285.645(c)(5)), you must nominate a CVA for MMS approval. You must specify...

  10. Peer nominations as related to academic attainment, empathy, personality, and specialty interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohl, Charles A; Hojat, Mohammadreza; Arnold, Louise

    2011-06-01

    To test the hypotheses that peer nomination is associated with measures of (1) academic performance, (2) empathy, (3) personality, and (4) specialty interest. In 2007-2008, 255 third-year medical students at Jefferson Medical College were asked to nominate classmates they considered the best in six areas of clinical and humanistic excellence. The authors compared students who received nominations with those who did not, analyzing differences in academic performance, personality factors (empathy as measured by the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and personality qualities as measured by the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire), and specialty interests. A comparison of the 155 students who received at least one peer nomination with the 100 students who received none found no significant difference in scores on objective examinations; nominated students, however, were rated significantly higher in clinical competence by faculty in six core third-year clerkships. Nominated students were also significantly more empathic and "active." In addition, a larger proportion of nominated students choose "people-oriented" (rather than "technology- or procedure-oriented") specialties. These results confirmed the hypotheses that peer nomination can predict clinical competence, empathy and other positive personal qualities, and interest in people-oriented specialties. Thus, in the assessment of medical students, peer nomination holds promise as a valid indicator of positive dimensions of professionalism.

  11. Setting Up Simulations of Failure Scenarios for a Crab Cavity in the Nominal LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Yee, B

    2010-01-01

    The crab cavity (CC) represents a possible solution for the problem of the reduction of the luminosity due to a crossing angle. The CC apply a transversal kick on the beam particles that varies with the longitudinal position along the bunch in order to produce an effective head-head collision and to increase the geometry luminosity. For that reason the BE-ABP group at CERN has been performing studies for the implementation of the CC in the LHC. Because machine protection is a critical element of LHC operation, it is essential to study the failure scenarios of the superconducting crab cavity and the possible resulting damage impact and well as to find possible mitigation measures. For this purpose we set up simulation tools to model CC failures in the nominal LHC.

  12. Topicality and Text Pragmatic Prominence Five Hierarchies Regarding the Topic Suitability of Nominal Constituents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korzen, Iørn

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents and discusses a description of topicality and text pragmatic prominence of nominal discourse referents based on four hierarchies. These hierarchies concern the referent with respect to (a) its identifiability (± identifiable), (b) its referentiality (e.g. deictic, specific...... incorporation of the NP designating the referent, (2) the linguistic material of anaphors linked to the NP, and (3) various phenomena linked to the possible clefting of the NP. The paper also demonstrates that the proposed model and taxonomy is very well suited as tertium comparationis in a cross-linguistic...... approach, not least in typological comparisons between for instance Romance and Germanic languages. The correlations described are viewed cross-linguistically with evidence from Italian, Danish, and English....

  13. Electrophysiological insights into the processing of nominal metaphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Grauwe, Sophie; Swain, Abigail; Holcomb, Phillip J; Ditman, Tali; Kuperberg, Gina R

    2010-06-01

    We used event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine the time-course of processing metaphorical and literal sentences in the brain. ERPs were measured to sentence-final (Experiment 1) and mid-sentence (Experiment 2) critical words (CWs) as participants read and made plausibility judgments about familiar nominal metaphors ("A is a B") as well as literal and semantically anomalous sentences of the same form. Unlike the anomalous words, which evoked a robust N400 effect (on the CW in experiments 1 and 2 as well as on the sentence-final word in experiment 2), CWs in the metaphorical, relative to the literal, sentences only evoked an early, localized N400 effect that was over by 400ms after CW onset, suggesting that, by this time, their metaphorical meaning had been accessed. CWs in the metaphorical sentences also evoked a significantly larger LPC (Late Positive Component) than in the literal sentences. We suggest that this LPC reflected additional analysis that resolved a conflict between the implausibility of the literal sentence interpretation and the match between the metaphorical meaning of the CW, the context and stored information within semantic memory, resulting from early access to both literal and figurative meanings of the CWs.

  14. Real and nominal collisions in the arsenal of public administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A G Kiselev

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines forms and methods of public administration in the transitional society in terms of the adequacy of its arsenal to the goals and objectives of social modernization. The authors assess strategic and tactical capabilities of the established management practices to meet the challenges of organization and self-organization of social life; analyze the resources and legal sufficiency of the administrative-territorial unit of power for operational and creative management. The authors believe that there is a serious barrier for effective relations of the federal center and the subjects - uncertainty of the integrated system of uniform and permanent principles, which does not allow both levels to function as a single social institution and prevents establishing a stable and productive power “vertical”. It is difficult to increase the manageability of regions as administrative-territorial forms without establishing the whole complex of relations between different levels of administration. The author describe the main control mechanism at the current stage of Russian reforms - regulation, its nature, functions and technological basis; define the basis for implementing two leading principles of regulation in the social and economic life of the country and its regions - territorial and sectoral; underline the need for the subjects of management (authorities to overcome the existing imbalances within their competence, or by the coordination of administrative nominality and reality.

  15. Barrel Toroid fully charged to nominal field, and it works!

    CERN Document Server

    Herman ten Kate

    After a few weeks of testing up to intermediate currents, finally, on Thursday evening November 9, the current in the Barrel Toroid was pushed up to its nominal value of 20500 A and even 500 A beyond this value to prove that we have some margin. It went surprisingly well. Of course, the 8 coils forming the toroid were already tested individually at the surface but still, some surprise may have come from those parts added to the toroid in the cavern for the first time like the 8 cryoring sections linking the coils as well as the valve box at the bottom in sector 13 regulating the helium flow or the current lead cryostat on the top in sector 5. No training quenches, nothing to worry about, and the test was concluded with a fast dump triggered at 00:40 in the very early morning of November 10. (left) The toroid current during the evening and night of November 9. (right) The test crew oscillated between fear and hope while looking at the control panels as the current approached 21kA. Big relief was in the...

  16. 77 FR 32978 - Call for Nominations to the National Geospatial Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. Geological Survey Call for Nominations to the National Geospatial Advisory Committee AGENCY: U.S. Geological Survey, Interior. ACTION: Call for Nominations. SUMMARY: The Department of the Interior is...

  17. 77 FR 41201 - Call for Nominations for the Pinedale Anticline Working Group, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the Pinedale Anticline Working Group, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Nominations are being solicited for...

  18. 76 FR 72969 - Call for Nominations for the Utah Resource Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the Utah Resource Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of... for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-(800) 877-8339 to... Utah RAC is hosting a call for nominations for a position in category three (description addressed...

  19. 76 FR 65534 - Call for Nominations for the Pinedale Anticline Working Group, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the Pinedale Anticline Working Group, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Nominations are being solicited for...

  20. 77 FR 2315 - Call for Nominations for the Pinedale Anticline Working Group, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the Pinedale Anticline Working Group, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Nominations are being solicited for...

  1. 76 FR 64099 - Call for Nominations for Steens Mountain Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for Steens Mountain Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Advisory Council Call for Nominations. SUMMARY: The Bureau... (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 to contact the...

  2. 78 FR 40764 - Call for Nominations to the National Geospatial Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Geological Survey Call for Nominations to the National Geospatial Advisory Committee AGENCY: U.S. Geological Survey, Interior. ACTION: Call for Nominations. SUMMARY: The Department of the Interior is...

  3. 78 FR 3914 - Submission of U.S. Nomination to the World Heritage List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-17

    ... the World Heritage List for the Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point in West Carroll Parish.... The Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point are nominated under World Heritage cultural criterion (iii... National Park Service Submission of U.S. Nomination to the World Heritage List AGENCY: National...

  4. What Characterizes Children Nominated as Gifted by Teachers? A Closer Consideration of Working Memory and Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornmann, Jessica; Zettler, Ingo; Kammerer, Yvonne; Gerjets, Peter; Trautwein, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Teacher nominations are often used in school settings to identify gifted children. However, although high intelligence is part of almost all definitions of giftedness, prior research has consistently shown that not all children nominated as gifted by teachers have high intelligence. In order to further understand the characteristics of these…

  5. 78 FR 39564 - Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Nominations of Foreign Producers and Election...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1206 Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Nominations of... rule. SUMMARY: This document amends the Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Order) to allow foreign producers, from countries exporting mangos to the United States, to nominate themselves or...

  6. 78 FR 28652 - Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes: Call for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... COMMISSION Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes: Call for Nominations AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear... the Medical Uses of Isotopes (ACMUI). DATES: Nominations are due on or before July 15, 2013...) nuclear cardiologist; (c) medical physicist in nuclear medicine unsealed byproduct material; (d) therapy...

  7. 75 FR 35078 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board... solicit public nominations for three members to the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning the management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses and...

  8. 77 FR 37705 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board... solicit public nominations for three positions on the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning the management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses...

  9. 78 FR 25276 - Announcement of Opportunity and Procedure To Submit Nominations for Nutrients of Interest for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Announcement of Opportunity and Procedure To Submit Nominations for Nutrients of Interest... jointly with its Canadian counterpart to allow interested parties to nominate nutrients for consideration... DRI Subcommittee as it considers updates for nutrients and food components that have previously...

  10. 45 CFR 1801.10 - Nomination by institution of higher education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nomination by institution of higher education. 1801.10 Section 1801.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) HARRY S... institution of higher education. To be considered in the competition a student must be nominated by...

  11. 75 FR 10261 - Request for Nominations to the EPA Human Studies Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... (OSA) is soliciting nominations of people qualified in the areas of bioethics, biostatistics, human... Advisor. This notice solicits nominations of individuals with expertise in bioethics, biostatistics, human... or more of the following areas: Bioethics: expertise in the ethics of research with human...

  12. 77 FR 793 - National Environmental Justice Advisory Council; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ... January 25, 2012. ] ADDRESSES: Submit nominations electronically with the subject line NEJAC Membership... individuals for membership. The EPA values and welcomes diversity. In an effort to obtain nominations of... jobs and economic initiatives, energy, and environmental financing. Other criteria used to...

  13. 78 FR 1837 - Nominations for the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ..., on behalf of the Secretary of Commerce, is seeking nominations for the advisory committee established... committee nominations''. Email comments, with or without attachments, are limited to 5 megabytes. Mail or... committee will serve for a term of two years and is eligible for reappointment. This request for...

  14. 7 CFR 917.119 - Procedure for nominating members for various Commodity Committees; meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Committees; meetings. 917.119 Section 917.119 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture... Bodies § 917.119 Procedure for nominating members for various Commodity Committees; meetings. (a) The nomination procedures that appear in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section apply to both the Peach and...

  15. 7 CFR 915.160 - Public member eligibility requirements and nomination procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public member eligibility requirements and nomination... requirements and nomination procedures. (a) Public member and alternate member candidates shall not represent... candidates should be able to devote sufficient time to attend committee activities regularly and...

  16. 77 FR 77015 - Advisory Committee on Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... nominations and applications to serve on the Advisory Committee on Beginning Farmers and Ranchers (the... Office of Advocacy and Outreach Advisory Committee on Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Request for Nominations AGENCY: Office of Advocacy and Outreach, USDA. ACTION: Extension of time for...

  17. 76 FR 66248 - Negotiated Rulemaking Committee, Negotiator Nominations and Schedule of Committee Meetings...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-26

    ... CFR Chapter VI Negotiated Rulemaking Committee, Negotiator Nominations and Schedule of Committee... meetings. DATES: We must receive your nominations for negotiators to serve on the committee on or before..., Department of Education. ACTION: Intent to establish negotiated rulemaking committees. SUMMARY: We...

  18. 76 FR 49771 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Advisory Committee on Immunization...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is soliciting nominations for membership on the ACIP. The ACIP consists of 15 experts...

  19. 7 CFR 929.160 - Public member eligibility requirements and nomination procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public member eligibility requirements and nomination... § 929.160 Public member eligibility requirements and nomination procedures. (a) Public member and... committee activities regularly and to familiarize themselves with the background and economies of...

  20. 78 FR 67372 - Evaluation of Trichloroethylene for the Report on Carcinogens; Request for Nominations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... Toxicology Program (NTP) Office of the Report on Carcinogens (ORoC) requests nominations of speakers for a... trichloroethylene (TCE) and cancer. DATES: The deadline for receipt of nominations of speakers is December 9, 2013..., Division of the NTP, NIEHS, P.O. Box 12233, MD K2-14, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. Phone: (919)...

  1. 24 CFR 599.105 - Economic condition requirements for a nominated area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... incidence of AIDS, abandoned housing, deteriorated infrastructure, school dropouts, teen pregnancy... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Economic condition requirements for... Requirements for Nomination of Renewal Communities § 599.105 Economic condition requirements for a nominated...

  2. 78 FR 35604 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination... closed meeting. SUMMARY: The National Medal of Technology and Innovation (NMTI) Nomination Evaluation..., National Medal of Technology and Innovation Program, United States Patent and Trademark Office, P.O....

  3. Friendship Satisfaction in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Nominated Friends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrina, Neysa; Carter, Mark; Stephenson, Jennifer; Sweller, Naomi

    2017-01-01

    The current study examined the level of friendship satisfaction of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their nominated friends (with and without diagnosis of ASD). A total of 77 target children with ASD and friends from 49 nominated friendships participated in the study. Relatively high levels of friendship satisfaction were reported…

  4. 75 FR 69661 - Notice of Request for Nominations to the Environmental Financial Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    .... The Board seeks to maintain diverse representation across sectors and geographic locations. Nominees... nominations of diverse candidates, EPA encourages nominations of women and men of all racial and ethnic groups... activities; Senior-level experience that fills a gap in Board representation, or brings a new and relevant...

  5. What Characterizes Children Nominated as Gifted by Teachers? A Closer Consideration of Working Memory and Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornmann, Jessica; Zettler, Ingo; Kammerer, Yvonne; Gerjets, Peter; Trautwein, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Teacher nominations are often used in school settings to identify gifted children. However, although high intelligence is part of almost all definitions of giftedness, prior research has consistently shown that not all children nominated as gifted by teachers have high intelligence. In order to further understand the characteristics of these…

  6. 10 CFR 960.3-1-4-2 - Site nomination for characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Site nomination for characterization. 960.3-1-4-2 Section 960.3-1-4-2 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR THE PRELIMINARY SCREENING OF POTENTIAL... characterization. The evidence required to support the nomination of a site as suitable for characterization...

  7. Zarzalejo granite (Spain). A nomination for 'Global Heritage Stone Resource'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire Lista, David Martin; Fort, Rafael; José Varas-Muriel, María

    2015-04-01

    Escorial Monastery, which shows the building material used during its construction. There is currently an active quarry of this dimension stone which continues to be sold under the commercial name of "Gris Escorial". Zarzalejo granite is mainly exported to Turkey, Italy and Saudi Arabia. Today this stone is used primarily in flooring. Other uses include cobblestones, funeral art, and building and monument restoration and rehabilitation. Sculptures have also built in recent years, notably the great monoliths in Salvador Dalí Square (1989) in Madrid. There are also small historic family-run quarries intermittently continuing this dimension stone carving tradition. Given its characteristics, Zarzalejo granite meets the requisites proposed to be nominated as a GHSR. This nomination will contribute to raising awareness and disseminate key aspects for conservation and thus ensure its use as a replacement stone in restoring heritage buildings where it was used as a building stone. Acknowledgements This study was funded by the Community of Madrid under the GEOMATERIALS 2 project (S2013/MIT-2914). The authors are members of the Complutense University of Madrid's Research Group: "Alteración y Conservación de los Materiales Pétreos del Patrimonio" (ref. 921349).

  8. Nominal and real price convergence in Romania – Statistical evaluation -

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai Gheorghe

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The creation of both the Economic and Monetary Union and of the single common market have meant two very important steps in getting a more and more compact Union. The first step regarding EMU lead to the adoption of a single currency and to the elimination of the exchange rates fluctuations, while the second one lead to the elimination of physical, administrative and technical barriers in order to achieve a sustainable economic growth and a stimulation of competition. Romanian authorities set out a new target year for the Euro adoption. Technically, the euro adoption as of 1 January 2019 would imply participation in the ERM II starting 1 January 2016 for the minimum 2-year stay. During this period the EU authorities will assess whether Romania meet the determined criteria for entering the third stage of EMU. The purpose of the paper is to assess the nominal and real convergence of Romanian prices, before and after the admission to the European Union (EU. The paper provides a short presentation of technical consideration of the both indices used to measure the price convergence, namely Harmonized Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP and the price level estimated in the PEC framework. A retrospective analysis since the EU admission show that in Romania, the inflation measured by the harmonized index of consumer prices has been on a downward trend, but is still relatively high, at an average rate of 3,2% in 2013. In Romania the price level is significantly lower as compared to the EU 15 average (46%, most probably this is due to the low per capita income level. In addition, the poor marketing and the low reputation of the domestic goods and services can also be regarded as factors reducing the convergence of prices in Romania and the EU.

  9. School Community Members Nomination in the French and Russian Languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Екатерина Владимировна Пряхина

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article features the results of a comparative analysis of the “Учащиеся/Éleves (students” slot in the French and Russian languages. The analysis is carried out from the level of semantic units to the level of linguistic forms of their expression. The objectives of the study are to examine the lexical meanings of the researched units, to elicit their content and specific features of their verbal expression. The material for the study is formed by the units found in explanatory dictionaries, thesauri, LSP dictionaries, dictionaries of neologisms, dictionaries of loanwords, in official documents, in various French and Russian-language legislation acts, as well as in professional journals articles, and media content. The main research methods are presented by the frame analysis method, the componentinal analysis, the chain method of dictionary definitions, the comparative and statistical methods. As the result, the slot under consideration was moulded; the structural and morphological features of the lexical items of the analyzed slot were identified, and the componential analysis was performed. In addition, the differential characteristics were detected, the meanings of semantically similar words were demarked, and the semes present in the lexical units of slots “Учащиеся/Élèves” in French and Russian were compared. The analysis reveals a number of differences in terms of presence/absence of semes and also the lacunarity of the nomination of the student (learner. This demonstrates the cultural identity of the examined slot. Most of the differences can be found in the expression of semes “master's student” and “beginner”. The study also showed the difference in connotation and the presence of semes in the Russian language which are absent in French (such as: form of of training, ranking, grades, study year, tuition fees and level of higher education.

  10. How to use the nominal group and Delphi techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, Sara S; King, Michelle; Tully, Mary P

    2016-06-01

    Introduction The Nominal Group Technique (NGT) and Delphi Technique are consensus methods used in research that is directed at problem-solving, idea-generation, or determining priorities. While consensus methods are commonly used in health services literature, few studies in pharmacy practice use these methods. This paper provides an overview of the NGT and Delphi technique, including the steps involved and the types of research questions best suited to each method, with examples from the pharmacy literature. Methodology The NGT entails face-to-face discussion in small groups, and provides a prompt result for researchers. The classic NGT involves four key stages: silent generation, round robin, clarification and voting (ranking). Variations have occurred in relation to generating ideas, and how 'consensus' is obtained from participants. The Delphi technique uses a multistage self-completed questionnaire with individual feedback, to determine consensus from a larger group of 'experts.' Questionnaires have been mailed, or more recently, e-mailed to participants. When to use The NGT has been used to explore consumer and stakeholder views, while the Delphi technique is commonly used to develop guidelines with health professionals. Method choice is influenced by various factors, including the research question, the perception of consensus required, and associated practicalities such as time and geography. Limitations The NGT requires participants to personally attend a meeting. This may prove difficult to organise and geography may limit attendance. The Delphi technique can take weeks or months to conclude, especially if multiple rounds are required, and may be complex for lay people to complete.

  11. Water in Nominally Anhydrous Minerals from Nakhlites and Shergottites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peslier, Anne H.

    2013-01-01

    Estimating the amount of water in the interior of terrestrial planets has tremendous implications on our understanding of solar nebula evolution, planet formation and geological history, and extraterrestrial volcanism. Mars has been a recent focus of such enquiry with complementary datasets from spacecrafts, rovers and martian meteorite studies. In planetary interiors, water can be dissolved in fluids or melts and hydrous phases, but can also be locked as protons attached to structural oxygen in lattice defects in nominally anhydrous minerals (NAM) such as olivine, pyroxene, or feldspar [1-3]. Measuring water in Martian meteorite NAM is challenging because the minerals are fragile and riddled with fractures from impact processes that makes them break apart during sample processing. Moreover, curing the sample in epoxy causes problems for the two main water analysis techniques, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and secondary ionization mass spectrometry (SIMS). Measurements to date have resulted in a heated debate on how much water the mantle of Mars contains. SIMS studies of NAM [4], amphiboles [5], and apatites [6-8] from Martian meteorites report finding enough water in these phases to infer that the martian mantle is as hydrous as that of the Earth. On the other hand, a SIMS study of glass in olivine melt inclusions from shergottites concludes that the Martian mantle is much drier [9]. The latter interpretation is also supported by the fact that most martian hydrous minerals generally have the relevant sites filled with Cl and F instead of H [10,11]. As for experimental results, martian basalt compositions can be reproduced using water as well as Cl in the parent melts [12,13]. Here FTIR is used to measure water in martian meteorite minerals in order to constrain the origin of the distribution of water in martian meteorite phases.

  12. A (k, n) Threshold Nominative Proxy Signature Scheme for Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIN Xiang-jun; WANG Mei-zhi; XIAO Guo-zhen

    2006-01-01

    By using the Lagrange interpolation formula and the technology of signature of equality, a (k, n) threshold nominative proxy signature scheme is proposed, where an original signer delegates his (her) signing power to a proxy, who generates a nominative signature on behalf of the original signer and only k or more active verifiers in the n nominees (verifiers) nominated by the proxy signer can verify the signature signed by the proxy. If necessary, these (k or more) active nominees (verifiers) can prove its validity to a third party. In this scheme, the secret shares are generated and encrypted by the original signer. At the same time, the ciphertexts of the secret shares are used as parts of the signature. Then, the secret shares need not be sent to the nominees (verifiers) secretly. The ordinary nominative proxy signature can be viewed as a (1, 1) threshold nominative proxy signature. The ordinary nominative proxy signature can be viewed as a special case of a (k, n) threshold nominative proxy signature. According to the security analysis of this paper, it is found that our scheme is secure against a proxy signing key forgery attack and existential forgery on an adaptive chosen message attack.

  13. Hydrogen Isotopic Systematics of Nominally Anhydrous Phases in Martian Meteorites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Kera

    Hydrogen isotope compositions of the martian atmosphere and crustal materials can provide unique insights into the hydrological and geological evolution of Mars. While the present-day deuterium-to-hydrogen ratio (D/H) of the Mars atmosphere is well constrained (~6 times that of terrestrial ocean water), that of its deep silicate interior (specifically, the mantle) is less so. In fact, the hydrogen isotope composition of the primordial martian mantle is of great interest since it has implications for the origin and abundance of water on that planet. Martian meteorites could provide key constraints in this regard, since they crystallized from melts originating from the martian mantle and contain phases that potentially record the evolution of the H 2O content and isotopic composition of the interior of the planet over time. Examined here are the hydrogen isotopic compositions of Nominally Anhydrous Phases (NAPs) in eight martian meteorites (five shergottites and three nakhlites) using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS). This study presents a total of 113 individual analyses of H2O contents and hydrogen isotopic compositions of NAPs in the shergottites Zagami, Los Angeles, QUE 94201, SaU 005, and Tissint, and the nakhlites Nakhla, Lafayette, and Yamato 000593. The hydrogen isotopic variation between and within meteorites may be due to one or more processes including: interaction with the martian atmosphere, magmatic degassing, subsolidus alteration (including shock), and/or terrestrial contamination. Taking into consideration the effects of these processes, the hydrogen isotope composition of the martian mantle may be similar to that of the Earth. Additionally, this study calculated upper limits on the H2O contents of the shergottite and nakhlite parent melts based on the measured minimum H2O abundances in their maskelynites and pyroxenes, respectively. These calculations, along with some petrogenetic assumptions based on previous studies, were subsequently used

  14. Lyapunov function gradient generated robust control in the absence of the nominal stabilizing control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackwell, C. C.

    1987-01-01

    A relevant facet of the application of Lyapunov gradient-generated robust control to unstable linear autonomous plants is explored. It is demonstrated that if the plant, the output, and the nominal stabilizing control satisfy certain conditions, then the robust component alone stabilizes the nominal plant. An example characterized by two zero eigenvalues and two negative real value poles is presented. These results assure that the robust component will fulfill the role of nominal stabilization successfully so long as the possible magnitude of the robust component can overcome the contribution of the instability to positiveness of the Lyapunov rate.

  15. Lyapunov function gradient generated robust control in the absence of the nominal stabilizing control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackwell, C. C.

    1987-01-01

    A relevant facet of the application of Lyapunov gradient-generated robust control to unstable linear autonomous plants is explored. It is demonstrated that if the plant, the output, and the nominal stabilizing control satisfy certain conditions, then the robust component alone stabilizes the nominal plant. An example characterized by two zero eigenvalues and two negative real value poles is presented. These results assure that the robust component will fulfill the role of nominal stabilization successfully so long as the possible magnitude of the robust component can overcome the contribution of the instability to positiveness of the Lyapunov rate.

  16. MS Excel Workbook for Calculation of the Temperature of Protected Steel Elements in a Fire Exposure according to Nominal Curves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Yakov

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a procedure for evaluation of the temperature of the steel element in a fire situation. The gas temperature in the fire compartment is given by the three nominal curves: ISO834, Hydrocarbon and Outer curve. The simple calculation model described in 4.2 of EN 1993-1-2 [1] is used. The proposed solution is based on the tables containing data for the temperature of the steel elements which are calculated with the VBA macros in MS Excel

  17. The Effects of Participation Rate on the Internal Reliability of Peer Nomination Measures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marks, P.E.L.; Babcock, B.; Cillessen, A.H.N.; Crick, N.R.

    2013-01-01

    Although low participation rates have historically been considered problematic in peer nomination research, some researchers have recently argued that small proportions of participants can, in fact, provide adequate sociometric data. The current study used a classical measurement perspective to inve

  18. 76 FR 44963 - Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes: Call for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    .... Nomination Process: Submit an electronic copy of resume or curriculum vitae to Ms. Sophie Holiday, sophie.holiday@nrc.gov . Please ensure that the resume or curriculum vitae includes the following information,...

  19. 77 FR 16064 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... nominated properties under the National Register criteria for evaluation. Comments may be forwarded by...), House, 802 9th Ave., Belle Plaine, 12000191 TEXAS Bexar County Presnall--Watson Homestead (Farms...

  20. 76 FR 24464 - Federal Register Notice Requesting Nominations for the Subcommittee on Data Standardization Under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING.... SUMMARY: The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC or Commission) is calling for nominations to the... sought for highly qualified representatives from government agencies, industry, exchanges,...

  1. 77 FR 46110 - Call for Nominations for Steens Mountain Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ....SS.020H0000; HAG12-0251] Call for Nominations for Steens Mountain Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of... email tmartina@blm.gov . Persons who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call...

  2. 77 FR 46112 - Call for Nominations for Advisory Groups, Oregon/Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ....PH0000; HAG-12-0218] Call for Nominations for Advisory Groups, Oregon/Washington AGENCY: Bureau of Land... the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 to contact...

  3. 77 FR 37710 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ... Actions Nominations for the following properties being considered for listing or related actions in the... Theater, (Movie Theaters in Washington State MPS) 1011 Main St., Vancouver, 12000421 A request to move...

  4. 75 FR 61751 - National Drinking Water Advisory Council: Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... AGENCY National Drinking Water Advisory Council: Request for Nominations AGENCY: Environmental Protection... National Drinking Water Advisory Council (Council). This 15-member Council was established by the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) to provide practical and independent advice, consultation and recommendations...

  5. 76 FR 25342 - Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations to the Children's Health...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ... AGENCY Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations to the Children's Health... for appointment to its Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee. Vacancies are anticipated to... solicit nominees. Background: The Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee is a Federal advisory...

  6. 78 FR 18589 - EPA Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education; Request for Nominations of Candidates...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... AGENCY EPA Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education; Request for Nominations of Candidates for the National Environmental Education Advisory Council AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... Affairs and Environmental Education (OEAEE) Staff Office is soliciting applications for environmental...

  7. 7 CFR 1219.32 - Initial nomination and appointment of importer members and alternates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order The Hass Avocado Board § 1219.32 Initial nomination and appointment of...

  8. 7 CFR 1219.31 - Initial nomination and appointment of producer members and alternates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order The Hass Avocado Board § 1219.31 Initial nomination and appointment of...

  9. 7 CFR 1219.33 - Subsequent nomination and appointment of Board members and alternates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order The Hass Avocado Board § 1219.33 Subsequent nomination and appointment of...

  10. Pilot Induced Oscillation Suppression Under Off-Nominal Conditions Using L1 Adaptive Control Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ZONA Technology, Inc. proposes an R&D effort to develop an adaptive flight control system which can provide near-nominal performance for the aircraft under...

  11. 76 FR 48174 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ... financial disclosure requirements in the Ethics in Government Act and 5 CFR part 2634. Nominations are to be... solutions, and formulate and recommend corrective actions. The Obama Administration prohibits...

  12. 78 FR 39768 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... requirements in the Ethics in Government Act and 5 CFR part 2634. Nominations are to be sent to the address..., or national origin. The Obama Administration prohibits individuals who are currently...

  13. 78 FR 59058 - Second Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... requirements in the Ethics in Government Act and 5 CFR 2634. Nominations are to be sent to the address listed..., or national origin. The Obama Administration prohibits individuals who are currently...

  14. 75 FR 45091 - Notice of Request for Nominations to the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture... the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force (AAQTF) and requests nominations for qualified persons to... Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) will establish a task force to...

  15. 78 FR 9705 - National Advisory Council on the National Health Service Corps; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration National Advisory Council on the National Health Service Corps; Request for Nominations AGENCY: Health Resources and Services Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) is...

  16. 76 FR 11491 - Advisory Council on Blood Stem Cell Transplantation; Request for Nominations for Voting Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Advisory Council on Blood Stem Cell Transplantation; Request for Nominations for Voting Members AGENCY: Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)...

  17. 77 FR 19694 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... nominated properties under the National Register criteria for evaluation. Comments may be forwarded by... in the United States, 1830-1960 MPS) Roughly bounded by Armour Blvd., The Paseo, 39th St., & Troost...

  18. 76 FR 66961 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-28

    ... nominated properties under the National Register criteria for evaluation. Comments may be forwarded by... Carroll County Armour Creameries Poultry House, 218 5th Ave. S., Coon Rapids, 11000815 MAINE Androscoggin...

  19. 75 FR 16445 - Request for Nominations for Members to Serve on the National Technical Information Service...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... National Technical Information Service Request for Nominations for Members to Serve on the National Technical Information Service Advisory Board AGENCY: National Technical Information Service; Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The National Technical Information Service (NTIS) is seeking five...

  20. 75 FR 44255 - EPA Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education Staff Office; Request for Nominations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... AGENCY EPA Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education Staff Office; Request for Nominations of Candidates for the National Environmental Education Advisory Council AGENCY: Environmental... of External Affairs and Environmental Education Staff Office is soliciting applications...

  1. 76 FR 77997 - Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education; Request for Nominations of Candidates for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... AGENCY Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education; Request for Nominations of Candidates for the National Environmental Education Advisory Council AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency. ACTION... Environmental Education Staff Office is soliciting applications for environmental education professionals...

  2. 78 FR 14090 - EPA Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education; Request for Nominations of Candidates...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... AGENCY EPA Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education; Request for Nominations of Candidates for the National Environmental Education Advisory Council (Sub-Committee) AGENCY: Environmental...) Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education Staff Office is soliciting applications,...

  3. Moral disengagement in self-reported and peer-nominated school bullying

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Obermann, Marie-Louise

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the relation between moral disengagement and different self-reported and peer-nominated positions in school bullying. The aims of this study were to (1) investigate moral disengagement among children for whom self-reported and peernominated bully status diverged and (2) compare...... levels of disengagement among self-reported and peer-nominated pure bullies, pure victims, bully–victims, and children not involved in bullying. A sample of 739 Danish sixth grade and seventh grade children (mean age 12.6) was included in the study. Moral disengagement was measured using a Danish version...... of the Moral Disengagement Scale and bullying was measured using both self-reports and peer nominations. Results revealed that both selfreported and peer-nominated bullying were related to moral disengagement, and that both pure bullies and bully–victims displayed higher moral disengagement than outsiders...

  4. Three decision-making aids: brainstorming, nominal group, and Delphi technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMurray, A R

    1994-01-01

    The methods of brainstorming, Nominal Group Technique, and the Delphi technique can be important resources for nursing staff development educators who wish to expand their decision-making skills. Staff development educators may find opportunities to use these methods for such tasks as developing courses, setting departmental goals, and forecasting trends for planning purposes. Brainstorming, Nominal Group Technique, and the Delphi technique provide a structured format that helps increase the quantity and quality of participant responses.

  5. Early Old English nominal system: Synchronic declensions in the "Vespasian Psalter"

    OpenAIRE

    Kolasińska, Paulina

    2013-01-01

    The study analyzes the Early Old English nominal system from a synchronic perspective, since a diachronic approach is unable to provide an accurate description of the language. The analysis is based on the full text of the Vespasian Psalter interlinear gloss. The nouns were grouped according to their inflectional endings, thus representing the synchronically functioning nominal system of Early Old English, contrary to the traditional, diachronic classification, which uses reconstr...

  6. FEA of the Variations in Sound Insulation in Nominally Identical Prefabricated Lightweight Timber Panel Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Andersen, Lars

    2013-01-01

    The measurements of sound propagation in buildings usually show a variation between nominally identical constructed structures. These variations can be due to variations in structural properties, measurement uncertainties or workmanship related factors. Better knowledge about the source for these......The measurements of sound propagation in buildings usually show a variation between nominally identical constructed structures. These variations can be due to variations in structural properties, measurement uncertainties or workmanship related factors. Better knowledge about the source...

  7. Moral disengagement in self-reported and peer-nominated school bullying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obermann, Marie-Louise

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the relation between moral disengagement and different self-reported and peer-nominated positions in school bullying. The aims of this study were to (1) investigate moral disengagement among children for whom self-reported and peer-nominated bully status diverged and (2) compare levels of disengagement among self-reported and peer-nominated pure bullies, pure victims, bully-victims, and children not involved in bullying. A sample of 739 Danish sixth grade and seventh grade children (mean age 12.6) was included in the study. Moral disengagement was measured using a Danish version of the Moral Disengagement Scale and bullying was measured using both self-reports and peer nominations. Results revealed that both self-reported and peer-nominated bullying were related to moral disengagement, and that both pure bullies and bully-victims displayed higher moral disengagement than outsiders. Discrepancies between self-reported and peer-nominated bullying involvement indicates that a person's social reputation has a stronger association with moral disengagement than so far expected. Implications are discussed, highlighting the importance of further research and theory development.

  8. Rigidity of Nominal Wages of Non-Production Workers in Industrial Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Sulistiyono

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Excess supply of labor leads to low the levels of nominal wages received by workers. The amount of minimum wage rate exceeds the market wage rate. The determination of minimum wage is a factor manifested in the institutional and regulatory Provincial Minimum Wage or a District Minimum Wage. Unfortunately, it has made nominal wages  difficult to drop below the minimum wage level. High or low level of nominal wages are associated with worker productivity. Further, nominal wages are rigid to go down. If they have increased, they can not be dropped in the future even though the company's performance is declined. Knowing that condition, in designing the remuneration system, an employer should pay attention to the rigidity of nominal wages, so that when  company's performance declines, the company will not be interfered because of the wages burden.  Furthermore, unions and government should consider the rigidity impact of nominal wages that go down. Thus, when macroeconomic conditions deteriorate and company's performance drops, the company will not go bankrupt due to high labor costs. If the company goes bankrupt, the workers will loose their jobs as a result of employment termination, while the government will face the unemployment problem. 

  9. A Comparison between the Use of Nominalization in Medical Papers by English and Iranian Writers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mahbudi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A prominent feature of formal writing, particularly in the field of science and technology, is the use of nominalization. Scientific writings, including medical writings, are expected to observe formality, precision, lack of ambiguity and concentration of highly technical terms. In such genres, the use of nominalization, affecting the lexical density of the text, plays a key role. In this connection, the purpose of this study was to compare the use of nominalization and the level of lexical density in medical academic articles written by native English writers and their Iranian counterparts based on the theory of grammatical metaphor proposed by Halliday (1985.  To this end, the abstract section of 20 authentic English medical articles written by native English writers and 20 abstracts written by Iranian authors, drawn from highly influential medical journals, were selected. These abstracts were analyzed and compared based on the frequency of nominalization used and the level of lexical density in them. The findings revealed that Iranian writers used less nominalization in their writings. Keywords: Grammatical metaphor, Nominalization, Medical writing, Lexical density

  10. Committee report: Method for evaluating conditions nominated for population-based screening of newborns and children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calonge, Ned; Green, Nancy S; Rinaldo, Piero; Lloyd-Puryear, Michele; Dougherty, Denise; Boyle, Coleen; Watson, Michael; Trotter, Tracy; Terry, Sharon F; Howell, R Rodney

    2010-03-01

    The Secretary's Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children is charged with evaluating conditions nominated for addition to the uniform screening panel and consequently making recommendations to the secretary of the US Department of Health and Human Services. This report describes the framework by which the committee approaches its task. Key decision nodes include initial review of every nomination to determine whether conditions are amenable for systematic evidence review, review of systematic evidence reviews conducted by the committee's external review group, and deliberation and formal recommendation for addition or exclusion to the uniform panel. Data analyzed include the accuracy and specificity of screening and diagnostic tests for nominated disorders, the extent of predicted health benefits, harms impact on disease course, and cost from early diagnosis and treatment. The committee process is guided by approaches used by similar entities, but more flexible criteria are sometimes needed to accommodate data limitations stemming from the rarity of many of these conditions. Possible outcomes of committee review range from recommendation to add a nominated condition to the uniform panel; provide feedback on specific gaps in evidence that must be addressed before making a decision; or rejection of a nomination (e.g., because of identified harms). The committee's structured evidence-based assessment of nominated conditions supports a consistently rigorous, iterative and transparent approach to its making recommendations regarding broad population-based screening programs for rare conditions in infants and children.

  11. The processing of raising and nominal control: an eye-tracking study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturt, Patrick; Kwon, Nayoung

    2015-01-01

    According to some views of sentence processing, the memory retrieval processes involved in dependency formation may differ as a function of the type of dependency involved. For example, using closely matched materials in a single experiment, Dillon et al. (2013) found evidence for retrieval interference in subject-verb agreement, but not in reflexive-antecedent agreement. We report four eye-tracking experiments that examine examine reflexive-antecedent dependencies, combined with raising (e.g., "John seemed to Tom to be kind to himself…"), or nominal control (e.g., "John's agreement with Tom to be kind to himself…"). We hypothesized that dependencies involving raising would (a) be processed more quickly, and (b) be less subject to retrieval interference, relative to those involving nominal control. This is due to the fact that the interpretation of raising is structurally constrained, while the interpretation of nominal control depends crucially on lexical properties of the control nominal. The results showed evidence of interference when the reflexive-antecedent dependency was mediated by raising or nominal control, but very little evidence that could be interpreted in terms of interference for direct reflexive-antecedent dependencies that did not involve raising or control. However, there was no evidence either for greater interference, or for quicker dependency formation, for raising than for nominal control.

  12. The processing of raising and nominal control: An eye-tracking study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick eSturt

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available According to some views of sentence processing, the memory retrieval processes involved in dependency formation may differ as a function of the type of dependency involved. For example, using closely matched materials in a single experiment Dillon et al (2013 found evidence for retrieval interference in subject-verb agreement, but not in reflexive-antecedent agreement. We report four eye-tracking experiments that examine examine reflexive-antecedent dependencies, combined with raising (e.g. ``John seemed to Tom to be kind to himself...'', or nominal control (e.g. ``John’s agreement with Tom to be kind to himself...''. We hypothesized that dependencies involving raising would (a be processed more quickly, and (b be less subject to retrieval interference, relative to those involving nominal control. This is due to the fact that the interpretation of raising is structurally constrained, while the interpretation of nominal control depends crucially on lexical properties of the control nominal. The results showed evidence of interference when the reflexive-antecedent dependency was mediated by raising or nominal control, but very little evidence that could be interpreted in terms of interference for direct reflexive-antecedent dependencies that did not involve raising or control. However, there was no evidence either for greater interference, or for quicker dependency formation, for raising than for nominal control.

  13. The Youth-Nominated Support Team-Version II for suicidal adolescents: A randomized controlled intervention trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Cheryl A; Klaus, Nicole; Kramer, Anne; Venkataraman, Sanjeev; Quinlan, Paul; Gillespie, Brenda

    2009-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of the Youth-Nominated Support Team-Version II (YST-II) for suicidal adolescents, an intervention based on social support and health behavior models, which was designed to supplement standard treatments. Psychiatrically hospitalized and suicidal adolescents, 13-17 years of age, were randomly assigned to treatment-as-usual (TAU) + YST-II (n = 223) or TAU only (n = 225). YST-II provided tailored psychoeducation to youth-nominated adults in addition to weekly check-ins for 3 months following hospitalization. In turn, these adults had regular supportive contact with adolescents. Adolescents assigned to TAU + YST-II had an average of 3.43 (SD = 0.83) nominated adults. Measures included the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire-Junior (SIQ-JR; W. M. Reynolds, 1988), Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (E. O. Poznanski & H. B. Mokros, 1996), Beck Hopelessness Scale (A. T. Beck & R. A. Steer, 1993), and Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (CAFAS; K. Hodges, 1996). YST-II had very limited positive effects, which were moderated by history of multiple suicide attempts, and no negative effects. It resulted in more rapid decreases in suicidal ideation (SIQ-JR) for multiple suicide attempters during the initial 6 weeks after hospitalization (small-to-moderate effect size). For nonmultiple attempters, it was associated with greater declines in functional impairment (CAFAS) at 3 and 12 months (small effect sizes). YST-II had no effects on suicide attempts and no enduring effects on SIQ-JR scores.

  14. Quantification of the effect of cross-shear and applied nominal contact pressure on the wear of moderately cross-linked polyethylene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelgaied, Abdellatif; Brockett, Claire L; Liu, Feng; Jennings, Louise M; Fisher, John; Jin, Zhongmin

    2013-01-01

    Polyethylene wear is a great concern in total joint replacement. It is now considered a major limiting factor to the long life of such prostheses. Cross-linking has been introduced to reduce the wear of ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). Computational models have been used extensively for wear prediction and optimization of artificial knee designs. However, in order to be independent and have general applicability and predictability, computational wear models should be based on inputs from independent experimentally determined wear parameters (wear factors or wear coefficients). The objective of this study was to investigate moderately cross-linked UHMWPE, using a multidirectional pin-on-plate wear test machine, under a wide range of applied nominal contact pressure (from 1 to 11 MPa) and under five different kinematic inputs, varying from a purely linear track to a maximum rotation of +/- 55 degrees. A computational model, based on a direct simulation of the multidirectional pin-on-plate wear tester, was developed to quantify the degree of cross-shear (CS) of the polyethylene pins articulating against the metallic plates. The moderately cross-linked UHMWPE showed wear factors less than half of that reported in the literature for, the conventional UHMWPE, under the same loading and kinematic inputs. In addition, under high applied nominal contact stress, the moderately crosslinked UHMWPE wear showed lower dependence on the degree of CS compared to that under low applied nominal contact stress. The calculated wear coefficients were found to be independent of the applied nominal contact stress, in contrast to the wear factors that were shown to be highly pressure dependent. This study provided independent wear data for inputs into computational models for moderately cross-linked polyethylene and supported the application of wear coefficient-based computational wear models.

  15. Nominal Values for Selected Solar and Planetary Quantities: IAU 2015 Resolution B3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prša, Andrej; Harmanec, Petr; Torres, Guillermo; Mamajek, Eric; Asplund, Martin; Capitaine, Nicole; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jørgen; Depagne, Éric; Haberreiter, Margit; Hekker, Saskia; Hilton, James; Kopp, Greg; Kostov, Veselin; Kurtz, Donald W.; Laskar, Jacques; Mason, Brian D.; Milone, Eugene F.; Montgomery, Michele; Richards, Mercedes; Schmutz, Werner; Schou, Jesper; Stewart, Susan G.

    2016-08-01

    In this brief communication we provide the rationale for and the outcome of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) resolution vote at the XXIXth General Assembly in Honolulu, Hawaii, in 2015, on recommended nominal conversion constants for selected solar and planetary properties. The problem addressed by the resolution is a lack of established conversion constants between solar and planetary values and SI units: a missing standard has caused a proliferation of solar values (e.g., solar radius, solar irradiance, solar luminosity, solar effective temperature, and solar mass parameter) in the literature, with cited solar values typically based on best estimates at the time of paper writing. As precision of observations increases, a set of consistent values becomes increasingly important. To address this, an IAU Working Group on Nominal Units for Stellar and Planetary Astronomy formed in 2011, uniting experts from the solar, stellar, planetary, exoplanetary, and fundamental astronomy, as well as from general standards fields to converge on optimal values for nominal conversion constants. The effort resulted in the IAU 2015 Resolution B3, passed at the IAU General Assembly by a large majority. The resolution recommends the use of nominal solar and planetary values, which are by definition exact and are expressed in SI units. These nominal values should be understood as conversion factors only, not as the true solar/planetary properties or current best estimates. Authors and journal editors are urged to join in using the standard values set forth by this resolution in future work and publications to help minimize further confusion.

  16. Measurement of a power system nominal voltage, frequency and voltage flicker parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alkandari, A.M. [College of Technological Studies, Electrical Engineering Technology Department, Shwiekh (Kuwait); Soliman, S.A. [Electrical Power and Machines Department, Misr University for Science and Technology, Cairo (Egypt)

    2009-09-15

    We present, in this paper, an approach for identifying the frequency and amplitude of voltage flicker signal that imposed on the nominal voltage signal, as well as the amplitude and frequency of the nominal signal itself. The proposed algorithm performs the estimation in two steps; in the first step the original voltage signal is shifted forward and backward by an integer number of sample, one sample in this paper. The new generated signals from such a shift together with the original one is used to estimate the amplitude of the original signal voltage that composed of the nominal voltage and flicker voltage. The average of this amplitude gives the amplitude of the nominal voltage; this amplitude is subtracted from the original identified signal amplitude to obtain the samples of the flicker voltage. In the second step, the argument of the signal is calculated by simply dividing the magnitude of signal sample with the estimated amplitude in the first step. Calculating the arccosine of the argument, the frequency of the nominal signal as well as the phase angle can be computing using the least error square estimation algorithm. Simulation examples are given within the text to show the features of the proposed approach. (author)

  17. Applying the Rasch sampler to identify aberrant responding through person fit statistics under fixed nominal α-level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spoden, Christian; Fleischer, Jens; Leutner, Detlev

    2014-01-01

    Testing hypotheses on a respondent's individual fit under the Rasch model requires knowledge of the distributional properties of a person fit statistic. We argue that the Rasch Sampler (Verhelst, 2008), a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm for sampling binary data matrices from a uniform distribution, can be applied for simulating the distribution of person fit statistics with the Rasch model in the same way as it used to test for other forms of misfit. Results from two simulation studies are presented which compare the approach to the original person fit statistics based on normalization formulas. Simulation 1 shows the new approach to hold the expected Type I error rates while the normalized statistics deviate from the nominal alpha-level. In Simulation 2 the power of the new approach was found to be approximately the same or higher than for the normalized statistics under most conditions.

  18. Escape Clauses and Targeting of the Real Exchange Rate: The Case of Nominal Exchange Rate Pegging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo González M.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

    We consider an economy under a fixed exchange rate system, but with bounds (a minimum level or a band on the real exchange rate. The international price of the tradable good is characterized by the continuous arrival of shocks that change its level. In a model with microfoundations, we investigate the effects of targeting the real exchange rate through nominal exchange rate changes that preclude the real exchange from trespassing the imposed bounds.

    A stochastic general equilibrium model with two goods and fixed non-tradable goods price level is developed. We analyze the cases in which a lower bound or a band on the real exchange rate is introduced. The general conclusion is that when bounds are established, then welfare effects can be expected, which are generated at the expense of the levels of consumption that go in the opposite direction than what the policy intended. This short-run effect is present even in the case the targeting policy is never exercised. This result is similar to the one we find in the target zones literature, in the sense that just the existence of this tolerance band changes the behavior of the economy.

    An interesting result is that, in the case in which home goods prices are fixed, the imposition of the band on the real exchange rate does not change its behavior within the band. However, this result is not true of other real variables in the economy. In other words, although the targeted variable within the band behaves identically to the case in which there are no bounds, the rest of the real variables in the economy behave differently, even if the targeted variable remains within the band and the escape clause is not triggered.

  19. Parallel functional category deficits in clauses and nominal phrases: The case of English agrammatism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Honglei; Yoshida, Masaya; Thompson, Cynthia K

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with agrammatic aphasia exhibit restricted patterns of impairment of functional morphemes, however, syntactic characterization of the impairment is controversial. Previous studies have focused on functional morphology in clauses only. This study extends the empirical domain by testing functional morphemes in English nominal phrases in aphasia and comparing patients' impairment to their impairment of functional morphemes in English clauses. In the linguistics literature, it is assumed that clauses and nominal phrases are structurally parallel but exhibit inflectional differences. The results of the present study indicated that aphasic speakers evinced similar impairment patterns in clauses and nominal phrases. These findings are consistent with the Distributed Morphology Hypothesis (DMH), suggesting that the source of functional morphology deficits among agrammatics relates to difficulty implementing rules that convert inflectional features into morphemes. Our findings, however, are inconsistent with the Tree Pruning Hypothesis (TPH), which suggests that patients have difficulty building complex hierarchical structures.

  20. A peer-nomination assessment of electronic forms of aggression and victimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badaly, Daryaneh; Duong, Mylien T; Ross, Alexandra C; Schwartz, David

    2015-10-01

    The perpetration and receipt of electronic aggression have largely been assessed with self-report questionnaires. Using a sample of 573 adolescents, the current study compared the psychometric properties of a peer-nomination measure of electronic aggression and victimization to the more widely used self-report approach. Estimates of the reliability, stability, and concordance of peer- and self-report assessments were adequate, mirroring those from research on aggressive exchanges in school. Analyses of validity and utility revealed that peer-nominations, compared to self-reports, provide overlapping and distinct information on adolescents' social, emotional, and academic adjustment. Overall, these findings provide evidence that peer-nominations are a reliable, valid, and useful means for measuring electronic aggression and victimization. Future work will benefit from their incorporation into multi-method assessments.

  1. POLITICALLY CORRECT MEANS OF PERSON’S NOMINATION IN CLIENTELE DISCOURSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Маргарита Сергеевна Михайлова

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present article is to describe the patterns of politically correct naming of persons with disabilities, replacing direct human nominations, that can hurt one’s feelings and dignity.The article deals with the ways of politically correct persons’ nomination in the clientele discourse presented on the English-language web-sites of insurance and airline companies. The author gives the definition of the clientele discourse, educes the linguistic mechanism of politically correct persons’ naming in the English clientele discourse.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-3-20

  2. Nomination of the Terms "Event" and "Fact" in the Scientific and Historical Text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuleshova Ljudmila

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects the results of studies of the implementation of the nominative function of scientific terminology used in the example of historical science, the terms "fact" and "event". There were highlighted three aspects of the category: the selection and fixation of the referent on the basis of its constitutive features, further categorization of the referent and the acquisition of their connotative meaning. The article analyzes some aspects of the nomination of the terms "fact" and "event" with a description of their characteristics and common features.

  3. How do adjectival modifiers contribute to the temporal interpretation of nominals?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorela-Valentina Dima

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the assumption that nominals contain (at least one internal temporal variable which may be located in time by various cross-linguistic means (see Pustejovsky 1995, 1998 a.o., the aim of the present paper is to examine the way in which adjectival modifiers influence the temporal interpretation of head nominals. We will analyze examples which contain relational adjectives (e.g. ‘antique’, ‘modern’ and intensional adjectives (e.g. ‘former’, ‘future’, ‘present’.

  4. How do adjectival modifiers contribute to the temporal interpretation of nominals?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorela-Valentina Dima

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the assumption that nominals contain (at least one internal temporal variable which may be located in time by various cross-linguistic means (see Pustejovsky 1995, 1998 a.o., the aim of the present paper is to examine the way in which adjectival modifiers influence the temporal interpretation of head nominals. We will analyze examples which contain relational adjectives (e.g. ‘antique’, ‘modern’ and intensional adjectives (e.g. ‘former’, ‘future’, ‘present’.

  5. William Barstow Mansion of the United States Merchant Marine Academy: Nomination to the National Register of Historic Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    ER D C/ CE RL T R- T R- 14 -2 9 William Barstow Mansion of the United States Merchant Marine Academy Nomination to the National...client/default. ERDC/CERL TR-14-29 October 2014 William Barstow Mansion of the United States Merchant Marine Academy Nomination to the National...object. This document contains the nomination form and all supporting docu- mentation for listing the William Barstow Mansion property, located at

  6. The relations of real and nominal convergence in the EU with impacts on the euro area participation

    OpenAIRE

    Magdaléna DRASTICHOVÁ

    2012-01-01

    Real convergence of economies in macroeconomic terms is accompanied by convergence of nominal variables. The paper provides an analysis of the relationship of the GDP per capita development as an indicator of the real convergence and the development of the comparable price level as a representative of the nominal convergence in relation to the EU average value in the EU economies. Using the concept of convergence, the development of variability of real and nominal convergence indi...

  7. 77 FR 20396 - Request for Nominations of Candidates to the EPA's Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... nominations of experts with demonstrated expertise in the following disciplines: Aquatic ecology; ecological risk assessment, ecotoxicology; landscape ecology, statistics; and terrestrial ecology. For further...

  8. 78 FR 5454 - Solicitation of Nominations for Organizations To Serve as Non-Voting Liaison Representatives to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ..., sex, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, and cultural, religious, or socioeconomic status... representative positions. Nomination materials should be typewritten, 12-point type and double-spaced....

  9. 75 FR 27554 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations of Experts for the SAB Arsenic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... above. Nominations should be submitted in electronic format (which is preferred over hard copy... ``Confidential Financial Disclosure Form for Special Government Employees Serving on Federal Advisory Committees...

  10. 77 FR 63827 - Request for Nominations of Experts for the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) Oxides...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... expertise described above. Nominations should be submitted in electronic format (preferred over hard copy... ``Confidential Financial Disclosure Form for Special Government Employees Serving on Federal Advisory Committees...

  11. Nominal association with CHRNA4 variants and nicotine dependence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamens, H M; Corley, R P; McQueen, M B; Stallings, M C; Hopfer, C J; Crowley, T J; Brown, S A; Hewitt, J K; Ehringer, M A

    2013-04-01

    Nicotine binds to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and studies in animal models have shown that α4β2 receptors mediate many behavioral effects of nicotine. Human genetics studies have provided support that variation in the gene that codes for the α4 subunit influences nicotine dependence (ND), but the evidence for the involvement of the β2 subunit gene is less convincing. In this study, we examined the genetic association between variation in the genes that code for the α4 (CHRNA4) and β2 (CHRNB2) subunits of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and a quantitative measure of lifetime DSM-IV ND symptom counts. We performed this analysis in two longitudinal family-based studies focused on adolescent antisocial drug abuse: the Center on Antisocial Drug Dependence (CADD, N = 313 families) and Genetics of Antisocial Drug Dependence (GADD, N = 111 families). Family-based association tests were used to examine associations between 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CHRNA4 and CHRNB2 and ND symptoms. Symptom counts were corrected for age, sex and clinical status prior to the association analysis. Results, when the samples were combined, provided modest evidence that SNPs in CHRNA4 are associated with ND. The minor allele at both rs1044394 (A; Z = 1.988, P = 0.047, unadjusted P-value) and rs1044396 (G; Z = 2.398, P = 0.017, unadjusted P-value) was associated with increased risk of ND symptoms. These data provide suggestive evidence that variation in the α4 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor may influence ND liability.

  12. Monte Carlo simulation of a research reactor with nominal power of 7 MW to design new control safety rods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoushtari, M. K.; Kakavand, T.; Sadat Kiai, S. M.; Ghaforian, H.

    2010-03-01

    The Monte Carlo simulation has been established for a research reactor with nominal power of 7 MW. A detailed model of the reactor core was employed including standard and control fuel elements, reflectors, irradiation channels, control rods, reactor pool and thermal column. The following physical parameters of reactor core were calculated for the present LEU core: core reactivity ( ρ), control rod (CR) worth, thermal and epithermal neutron flux distributions, shutdown margin and delayed neutron fraction. Reduction of unfavorable effects of blockage probability of control safety rod (CSR)s in their interiors because of not enough space in their sites, and lack of suitable capabilities to fabricate very thin plates for CSR cladding, is the main aim of the present study. Making the absorber rod thinner and CSR cladding thicker by introducing a better blackness absorbing material and a new stainless steel alloy, respectively, are two studied ways to reduce the effects of mentioned problems.

  13. The Effects of Participation Rate on the Internal Reliability of Peer Nomination Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Peter E. L.; Babcock, Ben; Cillessen, Antonius H. N.; Crick, Nicki R.

    2013-01-01

    Although low participation rates have historically been considered problematic in peer nomination research, some researchers have recently argued that small proportions of participants can, in fact, provide adequate sociometric data. The current study used a classical measurement perspective to investigate the internal reliability (Cronbach's…

  14. 77 FR 14804 - Advisory Council on Alzheimer's Research, Care, and Services; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Advisory Council on Alzheimer's Research, Care, and Services; Request for Nominations... member of the Advisory Council on Alzheimer's Research, Care, and Services to fill the position of... information (current mailing address, email address, and telephone number) and current curriculum vitae...

  15. 77 FR 41447 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before June 16, 2012. Pursuant to......

  16. 75 FR 1809 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ... National Register criteria for evaluation may be forwarded by United States Postal Service, to the National... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before December 19, 2009. Pursuant to......

  17. 76 FR 67760 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before October 15, 2011. Pursuant to......

  18. 78 FR 50106 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before July 27, 2013. Pursuant to......

  19. 77 FR 4582 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before January 7, 2012. Pursuant to......

  20. 76 FR 22917 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before April 9, 2011. Pursuant to......

  1. 76 FR 61382 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before September 10, 2011. Pursuant to......

  2. 75 FR 66789 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before October 9, 2010. Pursuant to......

  3. 75 FR 2887 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... National Register criteria for evaluation may be forwarded by United States Postal Service, to the National... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before December 26, 2009. Pursuant to......

  4. 78 FR 70319 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before November 2, 2013. Pursuant to......

  5. 76 FR 58535 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before August 27, 2011. Pursuant to......

  6. 76 FR 77249 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before November 19, 2011. Pursuant to......

  7. 77 FR 14420 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-09

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before February 18, 2012. Pursuant to......

  8. 76 FR 73673 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before November 5, 2011. Pursuant to......

  9. 75 FR 65647 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before October 2, 2010. Pursuant to......

  10. 77 FR 56231 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before August 18, 2012. Pursuant to......

  11. 78 FR 2687 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ... United States Postal Service, to the National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related... National Register were received by the National Park Service before December 15, 2012. Pursuant to......

  12. Nominee and nominator, but never Nobel Laureate: Vincenz Czerny and the Nobel Prize.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansson, Nils; Tuffs, Annette

    2016-12-01

    The Heidelberg surgeon Vincenz Czerny (1842-1916) is remembered as pioneer of innovative operations as well as entrepreneur of interdisciplinary cancer therapy. The purpose of this paper is to describe his role during the early history of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. Based on documents from the Nobel Archive, this paper investigates how Czerny contributed, both as nominee and nominator, in shaping the early years of Nobel Prize history. Vincenz Czerny was nominated at least three times for the Nobel Prize, but he was never selected. Czerny's own nomination letters pinpoint important trends in medicine around the turn of the century. At least seven of the candidates he put forward, became Nobel Laureates. Czerny-like many other internationally renowned surgeons during the first decades of the twentieth century-missed out on the Nobel Prize, partly because it is not a lifetime award and his work would have to have been more recent. However, with his nominations, Czerny helped to shape the Nobel Prize to become the most important scientific award worldwide.

  13. Recognizing mid-career productivity: the 2008 Retrovirology Prize, call for nomination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeang Kuan-Teh

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A recent analysis suggested a narrow age range for productivity of innovative work by researchers. The Retrovirology Prize seeks to recognize the research of a mid-career retrovirologist between the ages of 45 and 60. The 2007 Retrovirology Prize was awarded to Dr. Karen Beemon. Nominations are being solicited for the 2008 prize.

  14. 76 FR 45578 - Request for Nominations for Members on a Public Advisory Committee; Medical Imaging Drugs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ... Committee; Medical Imaging Drugs Advisory Committee AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... on the Medical Imaging Drugs Advisory Committee in the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. FDA... requesting nominations for voting members on the Medical Imaging Drugs Advisory Committee (the Committee...

  15. The zero lower bound on nominal interest rates and monetary policy effectiveness: A survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.A. Uilersma

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis paper surveys the literature on monetary policy at the zero lower bound on nominal interest rates. Certain crucial insights regarding expectations have been neglected in recent research in this field. Taking this into account, the interactions between demand, confidence and supply s

  16. 76 FR 50753 - Agency Information Collections Activities; The Pecora Award; Application and Nomination Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-16

    ... packages include three sections: (A) Cover Sheet, (B) Summary Statement, and (C) Supplemental Materials... remote sensing science or technology. Nominations may include up to 10 pages of supplemental information... plaque, which are presented to the recipient at an appropriate public forum by the Secretary of...

  17. 75 FR 77617 - Notice Requesting Nominations for the Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ..., leadership and organization skills, region of country represented, and diversity characteristics. The... existing MPAs. Nominations are sought for highly qualified non-Federal scientists, resource managers, and... the expert advice and recommendations of non-Federal scientists, resource managers, and other...

  18. 78 FR 8441 - Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Nominations of Foreign Producers and Election...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1206 Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Nominations of... provisions of the Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Order) which is authorized under the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (Act). DATES: Comments must be received...

  19. 77 FR 8222 - Notice Requesting Nominations for the Subcommittee on Automated and High Frequency Trading

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... COMMISSION Notice Requesting Nominations for the Subcommittee on Automated and High Frequency Trading AGENCY... Automated and High Frequency Trading within the Technology Advisory Committee. SUMMARY: The Commodity... Automated and High Frequency Trading (Subcommittee) under the auspices of the Technology Advisory Committee...

  20. 78 FR 18625 - Call for Nominations for the California Desert District Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the California Desert District Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Bureau of Land Management's...

  1. 78 FR 5834 - Call for Nominations for the Steens Mountain Advisory Council, OR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the Steens Mountain Advisory Council, OR AGENCY... the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 to contact...

  2. 76 FR 68782 - Call for Nominations for the Wyoming Resource Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... [Federal Register Volume 76, Number 215 (Monday, November 7, 2011)] [Notices] [Pages 68782-68783] [FR Doc No: 2011-28708] DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [LLWY910000 L16100000.XX0000] Call for Nominations for the Wyoming Resource Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of Land...

  3. 75 FR 6837 - Notice of Call for Nominations for Bureau of Land Management's California Desert District...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Notice of Call for Nominations for Bureau of Land Management's California Desert District Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice....

  4. 78 FR 53477 - Second Call for Nominations to the Utah Resource Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Second Call for Nominations to the Utah Resource Advisory Council AGENCY... (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 to leave a message...

  5. 77 FR 61019 - Call for Nominations for the Wyoming Resource Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the Wyoming Resource Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The purpose of this notice is to...

  6. 78 FR 63491 - Call for Nominations for the Wyoming Resource Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the Wyoming Resource Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The purpose of this notice is to...

  7. 78 FR 28240 - Call for Nominations for the Utah Resource Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the Utah Resource Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of...: sfoot@blm.gov . Persons who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the...

  8. 78 FR 27214 - Notice of Call for Nominations for Appointment to the Environmental Management Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Notice of Call for Nominations for Appointment to the Environmental Management Advisory Board AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice constitutes an open call to the public to...

  9. 76 FR 32202 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office Request for Additional Nominations for the SAB Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ..., 2011. EPA values and welcomes diversity. In an effort to obtain nominations of diverse candidates, EPA... the Panel as a whole, (f) diversity of expertise and viewpoints. The SAB Staff Office's evaluation of... Disclosure Form for Special Government Employees Serving on Federal Advisory Committees at the U.S...

  10. 76 FR 3638 - Nominations Requested for the 2011 Healthy Living Innovation Awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Nominations Requested for the 2011 Healthy Living Innovation Awards AGENCY: Office of the... Healthy Living Innovation Awards. The Awards are a part of Secretary Sebelius' Healthy Weight Initiative... implement innovative approaches to address chronic diseases and promote healthier lifestyles. The...

  11. 77 FR 26281 - National Advisory Council for Healthcare Research and Quality: Request for Nominations for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... of health care economics, information systems, law, ethics, business, or public policy; and, (7) in... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Research and Quality: Request for Nominations for Public Members AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and...

  12. 76 FR 18765 - National Advisory Council for Healthcare Research and Quality: Request for Nominations for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... of health care economics, information systems, law, ethics, business, or public policy; and, (7) in... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Research and Quality: Request for Nominations for Public Members AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and...

  13. 78 FR 26638 - National Advisory Council for Healthcare Research and Quality: Request for Nominations for Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... of health care economics, information systems, law, ethics, business, or public policy; and, (7) in... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Research and Quality: Request for Nominations for Public Members AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and...

  14. 78 FR 23742 - Nomination Form of Veterinary Shortage Situations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... National Institute of Food and Agriculture Nomination Form of Veterinary Shortage Situations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) AGENCY: National Institute of Food and Agriculture, USDA... Act of 1995, invites the general public to comment on an information collection for the...

  15. Relationship between fracturing nominal stress and porosity for metal foams under biaxial tension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU; Peisheng; (刘培生)

    2003-01-01

    The relationship between two fracturing nominal stresses and porosity has been put forward for metal foams under biaxial tensile loading, and its mathematical formula is proved to be quite practical with the relative experimental data of the metal foam, which is obtained by electrodeposition method.

  16. 77 FR 51542 - Medicare Program; Solicitation of Two Nominations to the Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Medicare Program; Solicitation of Two... Services (CMS), HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice solicits nominations for two new members to the Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment (HOP, the Panel). There will be two vacancies on the Panel...

  17. 78 FR 68838 - National Drinking Water Advisory Council; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    ... AGENCY National Drinking Water Advisory Council; Request for Nominations AGENCY: Environmental Protection... candidates to be considered for a three-year appointment to the National Drinking Water Advisory Council (Council). The 15 member Council was established by the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) to provide...

  18. 77 FR 27057 - Request for Nominations of Drinking Water Contaminants for the Fourth Contaminant Candidate List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-08

    ... AGENCY Request for Nominations of Drinking Water Contaminants for the Fourth Contaminant Candidate List... contaminants for possible inclusion in the fourth drinking water Contaminant Candidate List (CCL 4). EPA is... information contact the EPA Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426-4791 or email: hotline-sdwa@epa.gov ....

  19. 75 FR 55831 - Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes: Call for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... COMMISSION Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes: Call for Nominations AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear... Medical Uses of Isotopes (ACMUI). Nominees should have professional or personal experience with or...) nuclear medicine physicist; (d) therapy medical physicist; (e) radiation safety officer; (f) nuclear...

  20. 77 FR 62538 - Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes: Call for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... COMMISSION Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes: Call for Nominations AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear... Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes (ACMUI). Nominees for the position of the health care...) Nuclear medicine physician; (b) nuclear cardiologist; (c) nuclear medicine physicist; (d) therapy medical...

  1. 75 FR 13484 - Nominations for Members of the National Organic Standards Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Nominations for Members of the National Organic Standards Board AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990, as amended, requires the establishment of a National Organic Standards Board (NOSB). The NOSB is a...

  2. 77 FR 65407 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of Nomination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ... National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of.... SUMMARY: The National Park Service is soliciting nominations for one member of the Native American Graves... Review Committee was established by the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of...

  3. Exploring the Incremental Validity of Nonverbal Social Aggression: The Utility of Peer Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Jamilia J.; Kim, Eun Sook; Lease, A. Michele

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the construct validity of nonverbal social aggression and the relation of nonverbal social aggression to dimensions of children's social status. Peer nominations of verbal social, nonverbal social, direct veral, and physical aggression, as well as social dominance, perceived popularity, and social acceptance, were collected…

  4. 76 FR 42128 - Solicitation of Nominations for Appointment to the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ... implications of current and proposed diagnosis and treatment methods for CFS; (3) development and... consists of 11 members. The Committee is composed of seven biomedical research scientists with demonstrated... individual's curriculum vitae or resume. Nominations that do not provide these three elements will not...

  5. Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-21

    digital delivery of all 6 Typically, January 31 is the final deadline for service academies to...Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management R. Eric Petersen Specialist in...American National Government Sarah J. Eckman Analyst in American National Government April 21, 2016 Congressional Research Service 7-5700

  6. Nominate a great science story for the Sullivan or Perlman award

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leifert, Harvey

    It is now easier for you to nominate outstanding science journalists for AGU's Sullivan and Perlman Awards. These annual awards recognize outstanding articles or broadcasts that effectively explain new research in the Earth and space sciences to lay audiences through the mass media.

  7. Investigating the Impact of Off-Nominal Events on High-Density "Green" Arrivals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callatine, Todd J.; Cabrall, Christopher; Kupfer, Michael; Martin, Lynne; Mercer, Joey; Palmer, Everett A.

    2012-01-01

    Trajectory-based controller tools developed to support a schedule-based terminal-area air traffic management (ATM) concept have been shown effective for enabling green arrivals along Area Navigation (RNAV) routes in moderately high-density traffic conditions. A recent human-in-the-loop simulation investigated the robustness of the concept and tools to off-nominal events events that lead to situations in which runway arrival schedules require adjustments and controllers can no longer use speed control alone to impose the necessary delays. Study participants included a terminal-area Traffic Management Supervisor responsible for adjusting the schedules. Sector-controller participants could issue alternate RNAV transition routes to absorb large delays. The study also included real-time winds/wind-forecast changes. The results indicate that arrival spacing accuracy, schedule conformance, and tool usage and usefulness are similar to that observed in simulations of nominal operations. However, the time and effort required to recover from an off-nominal event is highly context-sensitive, and impacted by the required schedule adjustments and control methods available for managing the evolving situation. The research suggests ways to bolster the off-nominal recovery process, and highlights challenges related to using human-in-the-loop simulation to investigate the safety and robustness of advanced ATM concepts.

  8. Brain Potentials for Derivational Morphology: An ERP Study of Deadjectival Nominalizations in Spanish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havas, Viktoria; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Clahsen, Harald

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates brain potentials to derived word forms in Spanish. Two experiments were performed on derived nominals that differ in terms of their productivity and semantic properties but are otherwise similar, an acceptability judgment task and a reading experiment using event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in which correctly and…

  9. 76 FR 10896 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations; CASAC Mercury Review Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... AGENCY Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations; CASAC Mercury Review Panel AGENCY... Committee (CASAC) panel to conduct an independent review of EPA's Mercury Technical Support Document. DATES... is developing a draft risk assessment for mercury, entitled Technical Support Document: National...

  10. 76 FR 17649 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations; SAB Mercury Review Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... AGENCY Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations; SAB Mercury Review Panel AGENCY... Office provides notice that the SAB will form a panel to conduct an independent review of EPA's Mercury...) panel to conduct ] an independent review of EPA's Mercury Technical Support Document. As described in...

  11. 76 FR 78307 - Manufactured Housing Consensus Committee; Notice Inviting Nominations of Individuals To Serve on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Manufactured Housing Consensus Committee; Notice Inviting Nominations of Individuals To Serve on the Committee AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing--Federal Housing... criteria as a prerequisite to final appointment. Consensus Committee--Advisory Role The MHCC's role...

  12. 78 FR 10127 - Request for Nominations to the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... Air Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Notice of Request for Nominations to the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force. SUMMARY... term on the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force (AAQTF) which was established by the...

  13. 77 FR 50457 - Secretary's Advisory Committee on Animal Health; Intent To Renew and Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... Health; Intent To Renew and Request for Nominations AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service... Secretary of Agriculture intends to renew the Secretary's Advisory Committee on Animal Health (Committee.... App.), notice is hereby given that the Secretary of Agriculture intends to renew the...

  14. Detecting bullying in early elementary school with a computerized peer-nomination instrument

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verlinden, Marina; Veenstra, René; Ringoot, A.P.; Jansen, P.W.; Raat, H.; Hofman, Albert; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Verhulst, F.C.; Tiemeier, H.

    2014-01-01

    In this study we describe the PEERS Measure, a computerized assessment instrument that takes an innovative approach to using the peer-nomination method to identify bullying among elementary school children in Grades 1-2. Its psychometric characteristics were measured in 4,017 children from 190 schoo

  15. 77 FR 10755 - Request for Nominations for Voting Members on a Public Advisory Committee; Risk Communication...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Request for Nominations for Voting Members on a Public Advisory Committee; Risk Communication Advisory Committee AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... the Risk Communication Advisory Committee, Office of Planning, Office of Policy and Planning,...

  16. 77 FR 66583 - Solicitation of Nominations for Membership on the Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-06

    ... encourage producers of civil nuclear products and services to enter new foreign markets, in connection with... (CINTAC) and is seeking nominations for 40 members to be appointed for the new two-year charter term. The... Working Group (CINTWG) of the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee (TPCC). DATES: All applications for...

  17. ZTE IPTV Low Bit Rate High Definition Transcoding Solution Nominated for Global IPTV Industry Award

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    ZTE Corporation announced on 1 March that its innovative IPTVlowbitrate highdefinition transcoding solution has been nominated for the World's Best Component or Enabler Award by the IPTV World Forum. The ZTE solution is on display at the Mobile World Congress 2012 (MWC 2012) in Barcelona.

  18. 76 FR 81523 - Proposed Information Collection; Federal Advisory Committee Background Information Nomination Form

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... Bureau of Land Management Proposed Information Collection; Federal Advisory Committee Background Information Nomination Form AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: 60-Day Notice and Request for... advisory committees. After the close of the comment period, the BLM will submit the proposed...

  19. 77 FR 63848 - Report on Carcinogens Evaluation of Pentachlorophenol; Request for Nominations of Scientific Experts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... cancer risk and invites the nomination of speakers. Nominees should have expertise in cancer epidemiology.... Ruth Lunn, Director, ORoC, DNTP, NIEHS, P.O. Box 12233, MD K2-14, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709..., NIEHS, P.O. Box 12233, MD K2-14, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709; telephone (919) 316-4637; FAX:...

  20. Social Anxiety and Sociometric Nomination in Spanish Students of Compulsory Secondary Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Beatriz; Inglés, Cándido J; Aparisi, David; García-Fernández, José M

    2016-07-18

    Adolescents with social anxiety can manifest great interference in their relationship with classmates and other peers, as well as in their school performance. The aim of this study was to analyze the sociometric nominations and assessment of students with high social anxiety by their peers and teachers, and to determine whether these assessments differ significantly between evaluators (peers vs. teachers), in a sample of 2022 (51.1% male) Spanish adolescents aged between 12 and 16 years. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory questionnaire. Sociometric identification and assessment of various educational aspects of the students was performed through the Socio program and Teacher assessment scales, respectively. Results show that students with high social anxiety were nominated by peers as popular, rejected and neglected with the same frequency and proportionately less nominated as leaders, friendly, cooperative, and quarrelsome students than those without high social anxiety (d .97). Finally, peers significantly nominated students with high social anxiety more as leaders, cooperative, quarrelsome, obedient and good students than their teachers (d teachers differently.

  1. Associations between Peer Nominations, Teacher Ratings, Self-Reports, and Observations of Malicious and Disruptive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, David B.

    2006-01-01

    This study evaluates the validity of two aggression scales for predicting observations of malicious or disruptive behavior at school. Subgroups of a sample of 1,560 children (age 8.6 plus or minus 1.5 years) were assessed using (a) peer nominations of aggression, (b) teacher reports on the Teacher Report Form (TRF) of the Child Behavior Checklist…

  2. 77 FR 75997 - Environmental Technologies Trade Advisory Committee (ETTAC), Request for Nominations from U.S...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... International Trade Administration Environmental Technologies Trade Advisory Committee (ETTAC), Request for...: Solicitation of nominations from U.S. state officials for membership to the Environmental Technologies Trade... development and administration of policies and programs to expand U.S. exports of environmental...

  3. Identifying the Professional Development Needs of Early Career Teachers in Scotland Using Nominal Group Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Aileen; Clinton, Colleen

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on phase 1 of a project commissioned by Learning and Teaching Scotland to explore the continuing professional development (CPD) needs of teachers in Scotland in years 2-6 of their careers. Nominal group technique (NGT) was employed to identify the CPD needs of year 2-6 teachers and to identify the relative priority of these…

  4. 75 FR 60459 - National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics; Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... financing health care services, integrated computerized health information systems, health services research... HUMAN SERVICES National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics; Nominations AGENCY: Office of the... statutory public advisory body to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in the areas...

  5. Institutional and Individual Research Productivity in Five Nominated Multicultural Psychology Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Michael Y.; Cisco, Hilary C.; Delgado-Romero, Edward A.

    2008-01-01

    Research productivity was examined across 5 highly nominated multicultural psychology journals. This yielded a ranking of 40 highly productive institutions and individuals between 1994 and 2007. The results are potentially useful in beginning to track trends in the publication of multicultural psychology studies in research journals.…

  6. 75 FR 30841 - Advisory Commission on Childhood Vaccines; Request for Nominations for Voting Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Advisory Commission on Childhood Vaccines... nominations to fill three vacancies on the Advisory Commission on Childhood Vaccines (ACCV). The ACCV was... implementing section 2127 regarding the need for childhood vaccination products that result in fewer or...

  7. 78 FR 78838 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2014 Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2014... nominations for the National Medal of Technology and Innovation (NMTI). Since establishment by Congress in the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, the President of the United States has awarded...

  8. 77 FR 2047 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2012 Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2012... nominations for the National Medal of Technology and Innovation (NMTI). Since establishment by Congress in the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, the President of the United States has awarded...

  9. 75 FR 82378 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2011 Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-30

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2011... nominations for the National Medal of Technology and Innovation (NMTI). Since establishment by Congress in the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, the President of the United States has awarded...

  10. 76 FR 76388 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Application ACTION....'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract The National Medal of Technology and Innovation is the highest honor for... Technology and Innovation is to recognize those who have made lasting contributions to...

  11. 78 FR 90 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2013 Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2013...) is accepting nominations for the National Medal of Technology and Innovation (NMTI). Since establishment by Congress in the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, the President of the...

  12. 75 FR 3203 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2010 Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office National Medal of Technology and Innovation Call for 2010... nominations for its National Medal of Technology and Innovation (NMTI). Since establishment by Congress in 1980, the President of the United States has awarded the National Medal of Technology and...

  13. 77 FR 64990 - Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee; Request for Nominations to the Pesticide Program Dialogue...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee; Request for Nominations to the Pesticide Program Dialogue... Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee (PPDC). EPA values and welcomes diversity. In an effort to obtain... American food supply, the education and protection from unreasonable risk of those who apply or are...

  14. 75 FR 13284 - Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee; Request for Nominations to the Pesticide Program Dialogue...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee; Request for Nominations to the Pesticide Program Dialogue... to be considered for appointment to the Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee (PPDC). EPA values and... American food supply, the education and protection from unreasonable risk of those who apply or are...

  15. 75 FR 3697 - Solicitation of Nomination of Veterinary Shortage Situations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-22

    ... for Research in Veterinary Science, a third pending NAS committee report, Assessing the Current and... National Institute of Food and Agriculture Solicitation of Nomination of Veterinary Shortage Situations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) AGENCY: National Institute of Food and...

  16. Efficient algorithms for finding optimal binary features in numeric and nominal labeled data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mampaey, Michael; Nijssen, Siegfried; Feelders, Adrianus; Konijn, Rob; Knobbe, Arno

    2013-01-01

    An important subproblem in supervised tasks such as decision tree induction and subgroup discovery is finding an interesting binary feature (such as a node split or a subgroup refinement) based on a numeric or nominal attribute, with respect to some discrete or continuous target variable. Often one

  17. 24 CFR 597.200 - Nominations by State and local governments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Indicate how all Social Services Block Grant funds for designated Empowerment Zones and Enterprise... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES URBAN EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES... may nominate such area for designation as an Empowerment Zone and/or as an Enterprise Community,...

  18. 77 FR 32639 - HIT Standards Committee and HIT Policy Committee; Call for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... technology security, big data, consumer e-health, personal health records, and mobile health applications... information technology and be knowledgeable in privacy and security issues related to health information... the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Call for nominations....

  19. 77 FR 77008 - Solicitation of Veterinary Shortage Situation Nominations for the Veterinary Medicine Loan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... inclusive of the critical roles veterinarians serve in both public practice and private practice situations... number of nominations suffers from some of the same disadvantages as option one. It has the benefit of... higher education. Examples of positions within the public practice sector include university faculty...

  20. The Impact of Clique Membership on Children's Social Behavior and Status Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Kyongboon; Lease, A. Michele; Hoffman, Lesa

    2012-01-01

    The impact of children's clique membership on their peer nominations for social behaviors and status was examined in a sample of 455 third- through fifth-grade children. Social identity theory (SIT) and children's peer group affiliation and context served as primary conceptual frameworks for this investigation. As suggested by SIT, results…

  1. 76 FR 61355 - National Drinking Water Advisory Council; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... at the national, State or local level; and Excellent interpersonal, oral and written communication and consensus-building skills. Nominations must include a resume, providing the nominee's background..., current business address, and e-mail and telephone number. Interested candidates may self...

  2. Brain Potentials for Derivational Morphology: An ERP Study of Deadjectival Nominalizations in Spanish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havas, Viktoria; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Clahsen, Harald

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates brain potentials to derived word forms in Spanish. Two experiments were performed on derived nominals that differ in terms of their productivity and semantic properties but are otherwise similar, an acceptability judgment task and a reading experiment using event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in which correctly and…

  3. 78 FR 17993 - Request for Nominations for the General Advisory Committee and the Scientific Advisory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ...-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) as well as to a Scientific Advisory Subcommittee of the General... for Nominations for the General Advisory Committee and the Scientific Advisory Subcommittee to the United States Section to the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission SUMMARY: The Department of State...

  4. Tracking of fuel particles after pin failure in nominal, loss-of-flow and shutdown conditions in the MYRRHA reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckingham, Sophia; Planquart, Philippe [von Karman Institute, Chaussée de Waterloo 72, B-1640 Rhode-St-Genèse (Belgium); Van Tichelen, Katrien [SCK- CEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol (Belgium)

    2017-02-15

    Highlights: • Quantification of the design and safety of the MYRRHA reactor in the event of a pin failure. • Simulation of different accident scenarios in both forced and natural convection regime. • The accumulation areas at the free-surface in case of the least dense particles depend on the flow regime. • The densest particles form an important deposit at the bottom of the vessel. • Further study of the risk of core blockage requires a detailed model of the core. - Abstract: This work on fuel dispersion aims at quantifying the design and safety of the MYRRHA nuclear reactor. A number of accidents leading to the release of a secondary phase into the primary coolant loop are investigated. Among these scenarios, an incident leading to the failure of one or more of the fuel pins is simulated while the reactor is operating in nominal conditions, but also in natural convection regime either during accident transients such as loss-of-flow or during the normal shut-down of the reactor. Two single-phase CFD models of the MYRRHA reactor are constructed in ANSYS Fluent to represent the reactor in nominal and natural convection conditions. An Euler–Lagrange approach with one-way coupling is used for the flow and particle tracking. Firstly, a steady state RANS solution is obtained for each of the three conditions. Secondly, the particles are released downstream from the core outlet and particle distributions are provided over the coolant circuit. Their size and density are defined such that test cases represent potential extremes that may occur. Analysis of the results highlights different particle behaviors, depending essentially on gravity forces and kinematic effects. Statistical distributions highlight potential accumulation regions that may form at the free-surfaces, on top of the upper diaphragm plate or at the bottom of the vessel. These results help to localize regions of fuel accumulation in order to provide insight for development of strategies for

  5. 基于数字属性和符号属性混合数据的网络异常入侵检测方法%Network-based anomaly intrusion detection with numeric-and-nominal mixed data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡龙征; 余胜生; 王晓峰; 周敬利

    2006-01-01

    Anomaly detection is a key element of intrusion detection systems and a necessary complement of widely used misuse intrusion detection systems. Data sources used by network intrusion detection, like network packets or connections, often contain both numeric and nominal features. Both of these features contain important information for intrusion detection. These two features, on the other hand, have different characteristics. This paper presents a new network based anomaly intrusion detection approach that works well by building profiles for numeric and nominal features in different ways. During training, for each numeric feature, a normal profile is build through statistical distribution inference and parameter estimation, while for each nominal feature, a normal profile is setup through statistical method. These profiles are used as detection models during testing to judge whether a data being tested is benign or malicious. Experiments with the data set of 1999 DARPA (defense advanced research project agency) intrusion detection evaluation show that this approach can detect attacks effectively.

  6. 76 FR 14895 - Request for Nominations to the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-18

    ... Agricultural Research Service Request for Nominations to the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st...: Notice of request for nominations to the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture... the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES:...

  7. 76 FR 48902 - Solicitation of Nominations for the United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... of Child Labor The United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award for the Elimination of Child... Elimination of Child Labor. 2. Purpose: To outline the eligibility criteria, the nomination process and the... Child Labor, and to solicit nominations for the United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award...

  8. 75 FR 38835 - Solicitation of Nominations for the United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... Nominations for the United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award for the Elimination of Child Labor The United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award for the Elimination of Child Labor presented... of Child Labor. 2. Purpose: To outline the eligibility criteria, the nomination process and the...

  9. 76 FR 40728 - Clean Air Act Advisory Committee (CAAAC); Request for Nominations for 2011 Clean Air Excellence...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... AGENCY Clean Air Act Advisory Committee (CAAAC); Request for Nominations for 2011 Clean Air Excellence Awards Program AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Request for nominations for Clean Air Excellence Awards. ] SUMMARY: EPA established the Clean Air Excellence Awards Program in...

  10. 75 FR 35025 - Clean Air Act Advisory Committee (CAAAC); Request for Nominations for 2010 Clean Air Excellence...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... AGENCY Clean Air Act Advisory Committee (CAAAC); Request for Nominations for 2010 Clean Air Excellence Awards Program AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Request for nominations for Clean Air Excellence Awards. SUMMARY: EPA established the Clean Air Excellence Awards Program in...

  11. 77 FR 18823 - Solicitation for Nominations for Members of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... (AHRQ), HHS. ACTION: Solicits nominations for new members of USPSTF. SUMMARY: The Agency for Healthcare... evidence review; 2. Clinical prevention, health promotion and primary health care; and 3. Implementation of... adequate time to contribute substantively to the work products of the USPSTF. DATES: All nominations...

  12. 75 FR 71702 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations of Experts for Review of EPA's Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... report on Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings. DATES... Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings. In accordance with UMTRCA section 206... Thorium Mill Tailings. Request for Nominations: The SAB Staff Office is seeking nominations of...

  13. 78 FR 51208 - Request for Nominations for the Na Hoa Pili O Kaloko-Honokohau Advisory Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... National Park Service Request for Nominations for the Na Hoa Pili O Kaloko-Honokohau Advisory Commission AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Request for Nominations for the Na Hoa Pili O... Interior, proposes to appoint new members to the Na Hoa Pili O Kaloko-Honokohau (The Friends of...

  14. 76 FR 64103 - Request for Nominations for the Na Hoa Pili O Kaloko-Honokohau Advisory Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... National Park Service Request for Nominations for the Na Hoa Pili O Kaloko-Honokohau Advisory Commission AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of request for nominations for the Na Hoa Pili O... Interior, proposes to appoint new members to the Na Hoa Pili O Kaloko-Honokohau (The Friends of...

  15. 76 FR 30705 - Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations to the Gulf of Mexico Citizen...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    ... considerations). Interpersonal, oral and written communications, and consensus-building skills, Ability to... ] associated with official government business. EPA is seeking nominations of citizens from the five Gulf... the nomination, as well as the nominee's current business address, e-mail address, and...

  16. FEA of the Variations in Sound Insulation in Nominally Identical Prefabricated Lightweight Timber Panel Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Andersen, Lars

    2013-01-01

    The measurements of sound propagation in buildings usually show a variation between nominally identical constructed structures. These variations can be due to variations in structural properties, measurement uncertainties or workmanship related factors. Better knowledge about the source for these......The measurements of sound propagation in buildings usually show a variation between nominally identical constructed structures. These variations can be due to variations in structural properties, measurement uncertainties or workmanship related factors. Better knowledge about the source...... in sound transmission due to variation in material properties and geometric properties of the walls. The obtanied results indicate that the sound transmission is sensitive to variations in a material properties and less sensitive to variations in the geometric properties....

  17. Nominal values for selected solar and planetary quantities: IAU 2015 Resolution B3

    CERN Document Server

    Prsa, Andrej; Torres, Guillermo; Mamajek, Eric; Asplund, Martin; Capitaine, Nicole; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Joergen; Depagne, Eric; Haberreiter, Margit; Hekker, Saskia; Hilton, James; Kopp, Greg; Kostov, Veselin; Kurtz, Donald W; Laskar, Jacques; Mason, Brian D; Milone, Eugene F; Montgomery, Michele; Richards, Mercedes; Schmutz, Werner; Schou, Jesper; Stewart, Susan G

    2016-01-01

    In this brief communication we provide the rationale for, and the outcome of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) resolution vote at the XXIX-th General Assembly in Honolulu, Hawaii, in 2015, on recommended nominal conversion constants for selected solar and planetary properties. The problem addressed by the resolution is a lack of established conversion constants between solar and planetary values and SI units: a missing standard has caused a proliferation of solar values (e.g., solar radius, solar irradiance, solar luminosity, solar effective temperature and solar mass parameter) in the literature, with cited solar values typically based on best estimates at the time of paper writing. As precision of observations increases, a set of consistent values becomes increasingly important. To address this, an IAU Working Group on Nominal Units for Stellar and Planetary Astronomy formed in 2011, uniting experts from the solar, stellar, planetary, exoplanetary and fundamental astronomy, as well as from general ...

  18. Nurses' Educational Needs Assessment for Financial Management Education Using the Nominal Group Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noh, Wonjung; Lim, Ji Young

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the financial management educational needs of nurses in order to development an educational program to strengthen their financial management competencies. Data were collected from two focus groups using the nominal group technique. The study consisted of three steps: a literature review, focus group discussion using the nominal group technique, and data synthesis. After analyzing the results, nine key components were selected: corporate management and accounting, introduction to financial management in hospitals, basic structure of accounting, basics of hospital accounting, basics of financial statements, understanding the accounts of financial statements, advanced analysis of financial statements, application of financial management, and capital financing of hospitals. The present findings can be used to develop a financial management education program to strengthen the financial management competencies of nurses. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  19. The nomination of Ankara city for UNESCO world heritage site A proposal and an action plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savaş Zafer Şahin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Preperation for UNESCO World Heritage status has increasingly became a recognized activity in its own right. The achievement of World Heritage Site status brings recognition at global level and demonstrates the existence of conservation awarness and capacity at the site concerned. It is acknowledged that the preperation for nomination itself improves conservation awareness and culture, especially in places with a problematic conservation background. In view of the problems of planning, restoration and rehabilitation of historical assets, the nomination of the City of Ankara as a World Heritage Site could bring about an innovative approach for urban identity and culture. Yet, the aquisition of UNESCO World Heritage Site status requires a strategic approach based on collective wisdom and acquired conservation knowledge. The evaluation of Ankara’s suitability for World Heritage Site status requires the development of an appropriate road map. This paper will attempt to define such a read map by using UNESCO requirements and criteria.

  20. Marginality: a numerical mapping for enhanced treatment of nominal and hierarchical attributes

    CERN Document Server

    Domingo-Ferrer, Josep

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of statistical disclosure control (SDC) of microdata, a.k.a. data anonymization or privacy-preserving data mining, is to publish data sets containing the answers of individual respondents in such a way that the respondents corresponding to the released records cannot be re-identified and the released data are analytically useful. SDC methods are either based on masking the original data, generating synthetic versions of them or creating hybrid versions by combining original and synthetic data. The choice of SDC methods for categorical data, especially nominal data, is much smaller than the choice of methods for numerical data. We mitigate this problem by introducing a numerical mapping for hierarchical nominal data which allows computing means, variances and covariances on them.

  1. Experimental constraints on the solidification of a nominally dry lunar magma ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yanhao; Tronche, Elodie J.; Steenstra, Edgar S.; van Westrenen, Wim

    2017-08-01

    The lunar magma ocean (LMO) concept has been used extensively for lunar evolution models for decades, but to date the full cooling and crystallization path of the LMO has not been studied experimentally. Here we present results of a high-pressure, high-temperature experimental study of the mineralogical and geochemical evolution accompanying the full solidification of a nominally dry LMO. Experiments used a bulk composition based on geophysical data, and assumed an initial LMO depth of 700 km. The effect of pressure within a deep magma ocean on solidification at different levels in the ocean was explicitly taken into account, by performing experiments at multiple pressures and constant temperature during each solidification step. Results show formation of a deep harzburgite (olivine + low-Ca pyroxene) layer in the first ∼50% of equilibrium crystallization. The crystallising mineral assemblage does not change until plagioclase and clinopyroxene appear at 68 PCS (per cent solid by volume), while low-Ca pyroxene stops forming. Olivine disappears at 83 PCS, and ilmenite and β-quartz start crystallizing at 91 and 96 PCS, respectively. At 99 PCS, we observe an extremely iron-rich (26.5 wt.% FeO) residual LMO liquid. Our results differ substantially from the oft-cited LMO solidification study of Snyder et al. (1992), which was based on a limited number of experiments at a single pressure. Differences include the mineralogy of the deepest sections of the solidified LMO (harzburgitic instead of dunitic), the formation of SiO2 in the lunar interior, and the development of extreme iron enrichment in the last remaining dregs of the LMO. Our findings shed new light on several aspects of lunar petrology, including the formation of felsic and iron-rich magmas in the Moon. Finally, based on our experiments the lunar crust, consisting of the light minerals plagioclase and quartz, would reach a thickness of ∼67.5 km. This is far greater than crustal thickness estimates from

  2. Nominal KAŊ form in Basse Mandinka: Its cognitive mapping and taxonomical status (Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrason Alexander

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: T he present study, divided into a series of two papers, provides a detailed empirical description and cognitive-grammaticalization analysis of the meaning of a Mandinka verbal expression compounded of the non-verbal predicator be ‘be’, a verbal noun expressing a given action and the postposition kaŋ ‘on, at’ (so-called the Nominal KAŊ form.

  3. Does the Nominal Exchange Rate Regime Affect the Long Run Properties of Real Exchange Rates?

    OpenAIRE

    Dreger, Christian; Girardin, Eric

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines whether the behaviour of the real exchange rate is associated with a particular regime for the nominal exchange rate, like fixed and flexible exchange rate arrangements. The analysis is based on 16 annual real exchange rates and covers a long time span, 1870-2006. Four subperiods are distinguished and linked to exchange rate regimes: the Gold Standard, the interwar float, the Bretton Woods system and the managed float thereafter. Panel integration techniques are applied to...

  4. Establishing faculty needs and priorities for peer-mentoring groups using a nominal group technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colón-Emeric, Cathleen S; Bowlby, Lynn; Svetkey, Laura

    2012-01-01

    Peer-mentoring groups are purported to enhance faculty productivity and retention, but the literature about implementation is sparse. Nominal Group Sessions (n=5) with 66 faculty members in different tracks developed prioritized lists of unmet professional development needs and potential group activities. Common items included mentor relationships, research skills, informal peer discussions of successes and challenges, and professional skills workshops. Items particular to specific academic tracks included integration of non-clinical faculty, and gaining recognition in non-research tracks.

  5. Requirements for effective academic leadership in Iran: A Nominal Group Technique exercise

    OpenAIRE

    Shoghli Alireza; Brommels Mats; Bikmoradi Ali; Sohrabi Zohreh; Masiello Italo

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background During the last two decades, medical education in Iran has shifted from elite to mass education, with a considerable increase in number of schools, faculties, and programs. Because of this transformation, it is a good case now to explore academic leadership in a non-western country. The objective of this study was to explore the views on effective academic leadership requirements held by key informants in Iran's medical education system. Methods A nominal group study was c...

  6. Appropriate nominal stresses for use with ASME Code pressure-loading stress indices for nozzles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodabaugh, E.C.

    1976-06-01

    This program is part of a cooperative effort with industry to develop and verify analytical methods for assessing the safety of nuclear pressure-vessel and piping-system design. The study of nominal stresses and stress indices described is part of a continuing study of design rules for nozzles in pressure vessels being coordinated by the PVRC Subcommittee on Reinforced Openings and External Loadings. Results from these studies are used by appropriate ASME Code groups in drafting new and improved design rules.

  7. An Analysis of the Relationship between Nominal Exchange Rates and Stock Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Lina

    2015-01-01

    In this dissertation, the relation between nominal exchange rates and stock prices is examined in the nine markets of Australia, Canada, Hong Kong (HK), Japan, United Kingdom (UK), Sweden, India, the Philippines and Thailand. Monthly closing observations from July 1997 to July 2015 for Thailand and from June 1995 to June 2015 for the remaining markets are used to study the interaction between the two variables. First, the results of unit root tests indicate that two variables are not stationa...

  8. 76 FR 16788 - Medicare Program; Solicitation of Two Nominations to the Advisory Panel on Ambulatory Payment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    .... Kathleen Graham, R.N., M.S.H.A. Patrick A. Grusenmeyer, Sc.D., FACHE * David A. Halsey, M.D. Brain D. Kavanagh, M.D., M.P.H. Judith T. Kelly, B.S.H.A., RHIT, RHIA, CCS Scott Manaker, M.D., PhD John Marshall...: We will consider nominations if they are received no later than 5 p.m. (e.s.t.) May 24, 2011...

  9. Avoiding moving obstacles by deviation from a mobile robot`s nominal path

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsoularis, A.; Kambhampati, C. [Univ. of Reading, Whiteknights (United Kingdom). Dept. of Cybernetics

    1999-05-01

    This paper deals with the problem of obstacle avoidance by deviation from the nominal path. Deviation is the only option available to the robot when the acceleration or deceleration plan on the nominal path fails to produce a viable avoidance strategy. The obstacle avoidance on the nominal path was dealt with in the authors` previous development, where the robot`s motion was only subject to an upper bound on its speed. When the robot has to deviate, its motion is subject to a maximum steering constraint and a maximum deviation constraint in addition to the maximum speed constraint. The problem is solved geometrically by identifying final states for the robot that are reachable, satisfy all the constraints, and guarantee collision avoidance. The final state-reachability conditions that the authors obtain in the process ensure that no unnecessary deviation plan is initiated. These conditions, along with the simplicity of the geometric arguments they employ, make the scheme an attractive option for on-line implementation. The only significant complexity arises when minimizing the performance index. They have suggested dynamic programming as an optimization took, but any other nonlinear optimization technique can be adopted.

  10. Detecting bullying in early elementary school with a computerized peer-nomination instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verlinden, Marina; Veenstra, René; Ringoot, Ank P; Jansen, Pauline W; Raat, Hein; Hofman, Albert; Jaddoe, Vincent W V; Verhulst, Frank C; Tiemeier, Henning

    2014-06-01

    In this study we describe the PEERS Measure, a computerized assessment instrument that takes an innovative approach to using the peer-nomination method to identify bullying among elementary school children in Grades 1-2. Its psychometric characteristics were measured in 4,017 children from 190 school classes. The intercorrelations between the peer-nomination scores showed congruence of the data (e.g., bullying and peer rejection r = .51, defending and prosocial behavior r = .71). Boys were more involved in bullying, more rejected, and less prosocial. As reports by different informants were used, correlations of peer-reported bullying with aggressive behavior reported by a child him- or herself (r = .37) or by a teacher (r = .42) were in the expected range. Good test-retest reliability as measured by the intraclass correlations (average: .72) further suggests that the instrument has good psychometric properties. In line with earlier research, lower maternal educational levels, younger maternal age, and lower household income were related to more bullying and victimization. Overall, our findings show that the instrument provides a reliable measure of peer relations, thus making the use of peer nominations feasible in early elementary school.

  11. Probing intensity limits of LHC-Type bunches in CERN SPS with nominal optics

    CERN Document Server

    Adrian, G; Andujar, O; Argyropoulos, T; Axensalva, J; Baldy, J; Bartosik, H; Cettour Cave, S; Chapuis, F; Comblin, JF; Cornelis, K; Cotte, D; Cunnington, K; Damerau, H; Delrieux, M; Duran-Lopez, JL; Esteban Mueller, J; Findlay, A; Fleuret, J; Follin, F; Freyermuth, P; Genoud, H; Gilardoni, S; Guerrero, A; Hancock, S; Hanke, K; Hans, O; Hazelaar, R; Höfle, W; Jensen, L; Kuczerowski, J; Le Borgne, Y; Maillet, R; Manglunki, D; Massot, S; Matli, E; Métral, G; Métral, E; Mikulec, B; Nonglaton, JM; Ovalle, E; Papaphilippou, Y; Pereira, L; Peters, F; Rey, A; Ridewood, J; Rumolo, G; Salvant, B; Sanchez Alvarez, JL; Shaposhnikova, E; Steerenberg, R; Steinhagen, R; Tan, J; Vandorpe, B; Veyrunes, E

    2011-01-01

    Some of the upgrade scenarios of the high-luminosity LHC require large intensity per bunch from the injector chain. Single bunch beams with intensities of up to 3.5 to 4e11 p/b and nominal emittances were successfully produced in the PS Complex and delivered to the SPS in 2010. This contribution presents results of studies with this new intense beam in the SPS to probe single bunch intensity limitations with nominal gamma transition. In particular, the vertical Transverse Mode Coupling Instability (TMCI) threshold with low chromaticity was observed at 1.6e11 p/b for single nominal LHC bunches in the SPS. With increased vertical chromaticity, larger intensities could be injected, stored along the flat bottom and accelerated up to 450 GeV/c. However, significant losses and/or transverse emittance blow up were then observed. Longitudinal and transverse optimization efforts in the PSB, PS and SPS were put in place to minimize this beam degradation and succeeded to obtain single 2.5e11 p/b LHC type bunches with sa...

  12. 75 FR 20992 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations of Experts To Augment the SAB...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... Staff Office is seeking nominations of recognized experts in ecology, environmental economics, social... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... Ecological Processes and Effects Committee (EPEC) AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)....

  13. 75 FR 48328 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations of Experts to Augment the Advisory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ..., economy, and environment of the United States. The Council is a chartered Federal Advisory Committee, and... through the ``Nomination of Experts'' link on the blue navigational bar on the SAB Web site at...

  14. Inductive monitoring system constructed from nominal system data and its use in real-time system monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iverson, David L. (Inventor)

    2008-01-01

    The present invention relates to an Inductive Monitoring System (IMS), its software implementations, hardware embodiments and applications. Training data is received, typically nominal system data acquired from sensors in normally operating systems or from detailed system simulations. The training data is formed into vectors that are used to generate a knowledge database having clusters of nominal operating regions therein. IMS monitors a system's performance or health by comparing cluster parameters in the knowledge database with incoming sensor data from a monitored-system formed into vectors. Nominal performance is concluded when a monitored-system vector is determined to lie within a nominal operating region cluster or lies sufficiently close to a such a cluster as determined by a threshold value and a distance metric. Some embodiments of IMS include cluster indexing and retrieval methods that increase the execution speed of IMS.

  15. Development of Nominal Convergence Indicators in New Member States of European Union under the Challenges of Economic and Financial Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina Criste

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The importance of compliance with nominal convergence criteria is crucial for adopting the euro in New Member States (NMS.Although some of these countries have made remarkable efforts for complying with nominal criteria, structural and conjunctional macroeconomicimbalances have created big problems in this respect. Also, the global financial crisis revealed new challenges for the NSM which are not yetmembers of the euro area. Having imbalances widened further much more than the countries in the euro area, many of them have come to appreciatethe protection of the euro area membership, especially at times of financial and economic crises. Though, some NMS would like to speed up euroadoption, they now face conditions that may make it more difficult for them to satisfy the requirements of the nominal convergence criteria. Thus, inthis article we try to capture the effects of economic and financial crises on the nominal convergence indicators in NMS.

  16. 75 FR 25307 - Request for Nominations of Experts for Consideration as Authors and/or Editors for the Fifth...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ...; environment and development priorities, challenges and policy; and environmental management or governance... comprehensive, integrated, and scientifically credible global environmental assessment to support decision... Environmental Policy, which is coordinating the U.S. Government nomination process, no later than May 12,...

  17. Experimental Data Collection and Modeling for Nominal and Fault Conditions on Electro-Mechanical Actuators

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Being relatively new to the field, electromechanical actuators in aerospace applications lack the knowledge base compared to ones accumulated for the other actuator...

  18. Connecting World Heritage Nominations and Monitoring with the Support of the Silk Roads Cultural Heritage Resource Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vileikis, O.; Dumont, B.; Serruys, E.; Van Balen, K.; Tigny, V.; De Maeyer, P.

    2013-07-01

    Serial transnational World Heritage nominations are challenging the way cultural heritage has been managed and evaluated in the past. Serial transnational World Heritage nominations are unique in that they consist of multiple sites listed as one property, distributed in different countries, involving a large diversity of stakeholders in the process. As a result, there is a need for precise baseline information for monitoring, reporting and decision making. This type of nomination requires different methodologies and tools to improve the monitoring cycle from the beginning of the nomination towards the periodic reporting. The case study of the Silk Roads Cultural Heritage Resource Information System (CHRIS) illustrates the use of a Geographical Content Management System (Geo-CMS) supporting the serial transnational World Heritage nomination and the monitoring of the Silk Roads in the five Central Asian countries. The Silk Roads CHRIS is an initiative supported by UNESCO World Heritage Centre (WHC) and the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO), and developed by a consortium headed by the Raymond Lemaire International Centre for Conservation (RLICC) at the KULeuven. The Silk Roads CHRIS has been successfully assisting in the preparation of the nomination dossiers of the Republics of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and will be used as a tool for monitoring tool in the Central Asian countries.

  19. Nominal and real convergence in the new member states (longer-term perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vásáry, V.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The advancement of nominal and real convergence in the process of EU adaptation is of special importance. The paper studies the main factors of convergence processes in detail. It pays special attention to the analysis of catch-up processes. The paper uses the concepts of the growth theories in order to describe the real convergence processes. Besides the supply side approach (growth accounting, production function, it focuses highly on the demand side and the factors playing an important role in the newest growth theories (trade, macroeconomic policies, institutional system etc..

  20. Power supply distribution system for calorimeters at the LHC beyond the nominal luminosity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tenti, P; Spiazzi, G; Buso, S [Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell' Informazione, Universita degli Studi di Padova, via Gradenigo 6/b, Padova (Italy); Riva, M; Maranesi, P; Belloni, F [Departimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, Milano (Italy); Cova, P; Menozzi, R; Delmonte, N; Bernardoni, M [Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell' Informazione, Universita degli Studi di Parma, v.le G.P. Usberti, 181/A, Parma (Italy); Iannuzzo, F; Busatto, G; Porzio, A; Velardi, F [Dip. di Automazione, Elettromagnetismo, Ingegneria dell' Informazione e Matematica Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Cassino, via G. Di Biasio 43, Cassino (France) (Italy); Lanza, A [INFN - Sezione di Pavia, via A. Bassi 6, Pavia (Italy); Citterio, M; Meroni, C, E-mail: spiazzi@dei.unipd.it [INFN - Sezione di Milano, via Celoria 16, Milano (Italy)

    2011-06-15

    This paper investigates the use of switching converters for the power supply distribution to calorimeters in the ATLAS experiment when the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will be upgraded beyond the nominal luminosity. Due to the highly hostile environment the converters must operate in, all the main aspects are considered in the investigation, from the selection of the switching converter topologies to the thermal analysis of components and PCBs, with attention to reliability issues of power devices subject to ionizing radiations. The analysis focuses on the particular, but crucial, case of the power supplies for calorimeters, though several outcomes of the research can profitably be applied to other detectors like muon chambers.

  1. Serial nominations for the AWH initiative: The paradigm of seven-stone antas and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belmonte, Juan Antonio; González García, César; Hoskin, Michael

    2016-10-01

    In this short report we examine the ideal status of the seven-stone antas (a type of very ancient megalithic monument in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula) as an excellent candidate for a serial nomination within the Astronomy and World Heritage Initiative. This case will be compared with an extraordinary set of dolmens at the other side of the Mediterranean, within the Transjordan Plateau, worthy of being protected under the umbrella of the same initiative but which are in serious danger of `extinction'.

  2. The Faith, Hope and Charity Triad through Onomastic Nomination (with Reference to Eastern Slavonic Languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga V. Gerasimovich

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the Вера, Надежда, Любовь (corresponding to the English Faith, Hope and Charity proper names, and their Eastern Slavonic equivalents, viewed upon through the prism of correspondence to the appellative homonyms, designating the key Christian virtues. The triad is actively employed in nominations of different material (religious and nonreligious and nonmaterial objects (public institutions and events, which is proved by Internet data.

  3. Identification of strategies to facilitate organ donation among African Americans using the nominal group technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, Jayme E; Qu, Haiyan; Shewchuk, Richard; Mannon, Roslyn B; Gaston, Robert; Segev, Dorry L; Mannon, Elinor C; Martin, Michelle Y

    2015-02-06

    African Americans are disproportionately affected by ESRD, but few receive a living donor kidney transplant. Surveys assessing attitudes toward donation have shown that African Americans are less likely to express a willingness to donate their own organs. Studies aimed at understanding factors that may facilitate the willingness of African Americans to become organ donors are needed. A novel formative research method was used (the nominal group technique) to identify and prioritize strategies for facilitating increases in organ donation among church-attending African Americans. Four nominal group technique panel interviews were convened (three community and one clergy). Each community panel represented a distinct local church; the clergy panel represented five distinct faith-based denominations. Before nominal group technique interviews, participants completed a questionnaire that assessed willingness to become a donor; 28 African-American adults (≥19 years old) participated in the study. In total, 66.7% of participants identified knowledge- or education-related strategies as most important strategies in facilitating willingness to become an organ donor, a view that was even more pronounced among clergy. Three of four nominal group technique panels rated a knowledge-based strategy as the most important and included strategies, such as information on donor involvement and donation-related risks; 29.6% of participants indicated that they disagreed with deceased donation, and 37% of participants disagreed with living donation. Community participants' reservations about becoming an organ donor were similar for living (38.1%) and deceased (33.4%) donation; in contrast, clergy participants were more likely to express reservations about living donation (33.3% versus 16.7%). These data indicate a greater opposition to living donation compared with donation after one's death among African Americans and suggest that improving knowledge about organ donation, particularly

  4. A study of the difference between nominal and actual hand forces in two-handed sagittal plane whole-body exertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Suzanne G; Reed, Matthew P; Chaffin, Don B

    2011-01-01

    Given a task posture, changes in hand force magnitude and direction with regard to joint locations result in variations in joint loads. Previous work has quantified considerable vertical force components during push/pull exertions. The objective of this work was to quantify and statistically model actual hand forces in two-hand, standing exertions relative to the required nominal horizontal and vertical hand forces for a population of widely varying stature and strength. A total of 19 participants exerted force on a fixed handle while receiving visual feedback on the magnitude of force exerted in the required horizontal or vertical direction. A set of regression equations with adjusted R(2) values ranging from 0.20 to 0.66 were developed to define actual hand force vectors by predicting off-axis forces from the required hand force magnitude. Off-axis forces significantly increase the overall magnitude of force exerted in two-hand push/pull and up/down standing force exertions. STATEMENT OF RELEVANCE: This study quantifies and statistically models actual hand forces in two-hand, standing exertions. Inaccuracies in hand force estimates affect the ability to accurately assess task-oriented strength capability. Knowledge of the relationship between nominal and actual hand forces can be used to improve existing ergonomic analysis tools, including biomechanical simulations of manual tasks.

  5. Morphosyntax can modulate the N400 component: event related potentials to gender-marked post-nominal adjectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guajardo, Lourdes F; Wicha, Nicole Y Y

    2014-05-01

    Event-related potential studies of grammatical gender agreement often report a left anterior negativity (LAN) when agreement violations occur. Some studies have shown that during sentence comprehension gender violations can also interact with semantic processing to modulate a negativity associated with processing meaning - the N400. Given that the LAN and N400 overlap in time, they are identified by their scalp distributions and purported functional roles. Critically, grammatical gender violations also elicit a right posterior positivity that can overlap temporally and potentially affect the scalp distribution of the LAN/N400. We measured the effect of grammatical gender violations in the LAN/N400 window and late positive component (LPC) during comprehension of Spanish sentences. A post-nominal adjective could either make sense or not, and either agree or disagree in gender with the preceding noun. We observed a negativity to gender agreement violations in the LAN/N400 window (300-500ms post stimulus onset) that was smaller than the semantic-congruity N400, but overlapped with it in time and distribution. The early portion of the LPC to gender violations was modulated by sentence constraint, occurring as early as 450ms in highly constraining sentences. A subadditive interaction occurred at the later portion of the LPC with equivalent effects for single and double violations (gender and semantics), reflecting a general stage of reprocessing. Overall, our data support models of language comprehension whereby both semantic and morphosyntactic information can affect processing at similar time points.

  6. Developing a Framework for Objective Structured Clinical Examinations Using the Nominal Group Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crum, Matthew F.; White, Paul J.; Larson, Ian; Malone, Daniel T.; Manallack, David T.; Nicolazzo, Joseph A.; McDowell, Jennifer; Lim, Angelina S.; Kirkpatrick, Carl M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To use the nominal group technique to develop a framework to improve existing and develop new objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) within a four-year bachelor of pharmacy course. Design. Using the nominal group technique, a unique method of group interview that combines qualitative and quantitative data collection, focus groups were conducted with faculty members, practicing pharmacists, and undergraduate pharmacy students. Five draft OSCEs frameworks were suggested and participants were asked to generate new framework ideas. Assessment. Two focus groups (n=9 and n=7) generated nine extra frameworks. Two of these frameworks, one from each focus group, ranked highest (mean scores of 4.4 and 4.1 on a 5-point scale) and were similar in nature. The project team used these two frameworks to produce the final framework, which includes an OSCE in every year of the course, earlier implementation of teaching OSCEs, and the use of independent simulated patients who are not examiners. Conclusions. The new OSCE framework provides a consistent structure from course entry to exit and ensures graduates meet internship requirements. PMID:28090107

  7. Air Traffic Controllers' Control Strategies in the Terminal Area Under Off-Nominal Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Lynne; Mercer, Joey; Callantine, Todd; Kupfer, Michael; Cabrall, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    A human-in-the-loop simulation investigated the robustness of a schedule-based terminal-area air traffic management concept, and its supporting controller tools, to off-nominal events - events that led to situations in which runway arrival schedules required adjustments and controllers could no longer use speed control alone to impose the necessary delays. The main research question was exploratory: to assess whether controllers could safely resolve and control the traffic during off-nominal events. A focus was the role of the supervisor - how he managed the schedules, how he assisted the controllers, what strategies he used, and which combinations of tools he used. Observations and questionnaire responses revealed supervisor strategies for resolving events followed a similar pattern: a standard approach specific to each type of event often resolved to a smooth conclusion. However, due to the range of factors influencing the event (e.g., environmental conditions, aircraft density on the schedule, etc.), sometimes the plan required revision and actions had a wide-ranging effect.

  8. Contract-Based Design of Embedded Systems Integrating Nominal Behavior and Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Kaiser

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The distributed design process for safety-critical embedded systems has become an increasingly difficult challenge: Electronic Control Units (ECUs in vehicles, for instance, participate in many vehicle functions, while each vehicle function, in turn, is spread across several ECUs. Many suppliers participate in systems design and many partial functions are reused from past projects, not always knowing the assumptions at the time of their development. In particular, efficient allocation of safety mechanisms and a sound safety case are difficult tasks for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs. Contract-based development has gained popularity as an approach for supporting distributed development by explicitly annotating assumptions and guarantees to components, but an integrated process covering specification of nominal behavior and safety has not been described so far. We present such an integrated development approach that encompasses the systematic breakdown of nominal system behavior using contracts, the consistent derivation of safety analysis by interpreting several types of contract violations as a specification for failure modes, and the subsequent integration of safety mechanisms that cover these failure modes through safety contracts. The approach equally fits hardware and software and is therefore applicable on the system level. We demonstrate it by an electric drive example. The extensibility of our approach towards Cyber Physical Systems, which compose themselves at runtime, is briefly outlined at the end of the article.

  9. Nominal and robust stability regions of optimization-based PID controllers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ou, Linlin; Zhang, Weidong; Gu, Danying

    2006-07-01

    In recent decades, several optimization-based methods have been developed for the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller design, and the common feature of these methods is that the controller has only one adjustable parameter. To keep the closed-loop systems stable is an essential requirement for the optimization-based PID controllers. In almost all these methods, however, no exact stability region for the single adjustable parameter was sketched. In this paper, using the proposed analytical procedure based on the dual-locus diagram technique, explicit stability regions of the optimization-based PID controllers are derived for stable, integrating, and unstable processes with time delay in the nominal and perturbed cases, respectively. It is revealed that the proposed analytical procedure is effective for the determination of the nominal and robust stability regions and it offers simplicity and ease of mathematical calculations over other available stability analysis methods. The results in this paper provide some insight into the tuning of the optimization-based PID controllers.

  10. Smaller Real Regional Income Gap than Nominal Income Gap: A Price-adjusted Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaojuan Jiang; Hui Li

    2006-01-01

    Two factors determining the level of living in different areas are income level and price level.Current studies on regional gaps concentrate on the gap in income levels. The present paper studies the impact of the two variables on the real living standards in different regions, with the real gap in the living standards calculated with price adjustment by taking into consideration only the deviations brought about by cash income. The basic conclusion is that, despite China's economy having witnessed rapid growth, the statistics at the macro level cannot disguise the obvious gaps among regions; therefore, as a result of the impact of income and price, the real gap in the living standards among different regions is smaller than the gap indicated by the nominal income level. As people are sensitive to cash income level, they have a low sensitivity to changes in real purchasing power. In other words, in areas that have the same real income levels, people tend to think that people live better when the nominal income and price are both high. The differences in price indices among different regions show that the same cash income can get different goods and services in different regions. This explains the rationale of the existence of floating workers among different regions. On this basis, we predict that people working in high-income areas who enjoy higher levels of social security might prefer to live in low-priceareas after retirement if the social security payment method becomes more flexible.

  11. Photoluminescence of Nominally Undoped Heavy n-Type ZnO Nanowires

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Hai-Ping; HE Hai-Ping; LIU Chao; KWON Bong-Jun; YE Zhi-Zhen; LEE Soonil; PARK Ji-Yong

    2011-01-01

    @@ We report the identification of a donor band and the correlation between n-type conductivity and the green emission in ZnO nanowires.Temperature-dependent photoluminescence is used to investigate nominally undoped ZnO nanowires with high n-type conductivity.Within the whole temperature range, a dominant free-to-bound transition with a donor band of about 150meV below the conduction band minimum is observed.The nanowires show very strong green emission, which is quenched with activation energy of about 220 meV.The correlation between the high n-type conductivity and the strong green emission is discussed in detail, and we suggest that they may have different origins.%We report the identification of a donor band and the correlation between n-type conductivity and the green emission in ZnO nanowires. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence is used to investigate nominally undoped ZnO nanowires with high n-type conductivity. Within the whole temperature range, a dominant free-to-bound transition with a donor band of about 150 me V below the conduction band minimum is observed. The nanowires show very strong green emission, which is quenched with activation energy of about 220meV. The correlation between the high n-type conductivity and the strong green emission is discussed in detail, and we suggest that they may have different origins.

  12. Time-resolved Photoluminescence Spectra of Nominally Disordered GaInP Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Luminescence decay and time-resolved photoluminescence(TRPL) spectra are used for study on the transient luminescence process of the nominally disordered GaInP alloy. The luminescence decay of GaInP alloy shows the temperature and excitation-intensity dependent characters. At 77K and under high excitation intensity, the luminescence decay shows single exponential time dependence, while under low excitation intensity or at 300K, the luminescence decay shows double exponential time dependence. The analysis indicates that this nominally disordered GaInP alloy actually exhibits a very weak degree of order. The blue-shift of PL peak is observed in the TRPL spectra at 77K, which is derived from the transfer of the carriers from the ordered domain to the disordered region of the alloy. At 300K, due to the thermal quenching, the transfer is too weak to be observed. However, The recombination of the carriers between the ordered domain and the disordered region is still devoted to luminesce.

  13. Validation and Verification of Future Integrated Safety-Critical Systems Operating under Off-Nominal Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belcastro, Christine M.

    2010-01-01

    Loss of control remains one of the largest contributors to aircraft fatal accidents worldwide. Aircraft loss-of-control accidents are highly complex in that they can result from numerous causal and contributing factors acting alone or (more often) in combination. Hence, there is no single intervention strategy to prevent these accidents and reducing them will require a holistic integrated intervention capability. Future onboard integrated system technologies developed for preventing loss of vehicle control accidents must be able to assure safe operation under the associated off-nominal conditions. The transition of these technologies into the commercial fleet will require their extensive validation and verification (V and V) and ultimate certification. The V and V of complex integrated systems poses major nontrivial technical challenges particularly for safety-critical operation under highly off-nominal conditions associated with aircraft loss-of-control events. This paper summarizes the V and V problem and presents a proposed process that could be applied to complex integrated safety-critical systems developed for preventing aircraft loss-of-control accidents. A summary of recent research accomplishments in this effort is also provided.

  14. Conhecimento imperfeito, custo de otimização e racionalidade limitada: uma dinâmica evolucionária de ajustamento nominal incompleto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaylson Jair da Silveira

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Elabora-se um modelo dinâmico evolucionário que proporciona microfundamentos ao ajustamento nominal incompleto. Mostra-se a emergência de equilíbrios evolucionários tanto de estratégia pura (sobrevivência somente de estratégias de fixação de preço plenamente racionais ou de racionalidade limitada como de estratégia mista (sobrevivência de ambas as estratégias. Nos equilíbrios de estratégia pura a moeda é neutra, enquanto no equilíbrio de estratégia mista a moeda pode não ser neutra. Além disso, analisa-se a possibilidade de bifurcações no número de - e nas propriedades de estabilidade dos - equilíbrios evolucionários geradas pela política monetária.It is developed a dynamic evolutionary model that provides microfoundations to incomplete nominal adjustment. It is shown the emergence of both pure strategy evolutionary equilibria (either only fully rational or boundedly rational firms survive and mixed strategy evolutionary equilibria (both firms survive. Whereas money is neutral in pure strategy equilibria, it is non-neutral in mixed strategy equilibria. It is also analyzed the possibility of bifurcations in the number of evolutionary equilibria or in their stability properties generated by monetary policy.

  15. Productive Second elements in nominal compounds: the matching of Englis and German

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otto Hietsch

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available Amongst the treasured reminders of my postgraduate years in England, I cherish a sizable sheaf of manuscript pages, now yellow with age. They are in the hand of Sir William Craigie, that venerable pioneer of lexicographical study. The neat and delicate lines trace out the beginnings of a new venture. Sir William was making a record of the nominal compounds in Beowulf: they are arrayed under the banners of various headwords, each of which, as a glance will show, is a   s e c o n d element of composition. Alas, work on the project was never completed, nor are the present generation of Anglo-Saxonists aware of the particular line of argument Sir William had in mind when he set out to re-list the Beowulf compound vocabu­ lary.

  16. Nominal Group Technique and its Applications in Managing Quality in Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafikul Islam

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Quality management is an important aspect in all kinds of businesses – manufacturing or service. Idea generation plays a pivotal role in managing quality in organizations. It is thenew and innovative ideas which can help corporations to survive in the turbulent business environment. Research in group dynamics has shown that more ideas are generated by individuals working alone but in a group environment than the individuals engaged in a formal group discussion. In Nominal Group Technique (NGT, individuals work alone but in a group setting. This paper shows how NGT can be applied to generate large number of ideas to solve quality related problems specifically in Malaysian higher education setting. The paper also discusses the details of NGT working procedure andexplores the areas of its further applications.

  17. [Posthumous nomination for Medicine Nobel Prizes II. The positivism era (1849-1899)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz-Coke, R

    1997-06-01

    The author proposes the nomination of great physicians of the second half of the XIX century for a posthumous Medicine Nobel Prize. The valorization given by medical historians Garrison, Lavastine, Castiglioni, Lain Entralgo and Guerra, is used to select the better candidates. One to three names are assigned by year from 1849 to 1899. Four categories of Nobel prizes are assigned: a) Basic biological disciplines, b) Clinical and surgical medicine, pathology and specialties, c) Discoverers of transcendental diseases that are eponyms and d) New medical technologies. A total of 84 nominees for the Nobel Prize are presented. These lists are presented as preliminary and tentative to allow an extensive debate about the history of medicine during the nineteenth century.

  18. Investigation of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cell Performance Deviations in Nominally Equal Absorbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knecht, Robin; Parisi, Jürgen; Riedel, Ingo; Schäffler, Raymund; Dimmler, Bernhard

    2012-10-01

    Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGSe) solar cells were fabricated independently by industrial scale co-evaporation in two separate production lines with the same nominal composition and thickness of the absorber film. Although the device properties were believed to be the same we observed substantial deviations of the respective values of the open circuit voltage (ΔVOC = 40 mV) and of the fill factor (ΔFF= 4%), whereas the short circuit current was essentially the same. We performed fundamental device analysis, space charge and defect spectroscopy, transient photoluminescence as well as in-depth profiling of the chemical gradients of the absorber films. Using the results from the experiments we set up a simulation baseline which allowed us to conclude that the apparent deviations can be related to the presence of deep recombination centers with different concentration within the CIGSe absorber as well as to variations of the band gap grading.

  19. On the benefits of nominal appreciations: Contrasting evidence across developed and developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magda Kandil

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper studies determinants of flexibility of the nominal effective exchange rate and the effects of exchange rate shocks on macroeconomic variables and key components of the external balances using data for a sample of advanced and developing countries. The composite evidence points to the positive effects of appreciation through cheaper imports in support of higher growth and lower price inflation in advanced and developing countries. However, the negative effects of appreciation are more pervasive on the external balances in developing countries. The implication is developing countries remain highly dependent on exports of commodities. In contrast, advanced countries are more diversified and ahead in capitalizing on currency appreciation to mobilize investment growth, a channel that boosts competitiveness and mitigates the adverse effect of appreciation on external stability. The evidence attests to the need to create an environment that is more conducive to investment growth in developing countries.

  20. Spanwise mass transfer variations on a cylinder in 'nominally' uniform crossflow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayle, R. E.; Marziale, M.

    1982-01-01

    Mass transfer experiments on a circular cylinder in a 'nominally' uniform crossflow are described. Experiments were conducted at the tunnel's turbulence level and with a woven-wire turbulence screen. In both cases spanwise and circumferential mass transfer measurements were made. Without the turbulence screen, the results were found to be spanwise independent and agreed quite well with both theory and the result of others. In addition to the mass transfer measurements, spanwise traverse measurements of the mean velocity and turbulence quantities in the incident flow were made and showed that the screen produced a small-amplitude spanwise periodic perturbation in the incident flow. Although this perturbation was only one quarter of a percent in the mean velocity and buried in the stream's turbulence, disproportionately large spanwise variations of 15 percent were found in the mass transfer rate.

  1. Analyzing the Nominal Aphasia by Using the Basic Level Category and Prototype Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋欣

    2014-01-01

    This paper begins with a brief description of the theoretical framework for prototype categorization,in which there lie two axes of words attributions,a vertical axis and a horizontal one.Verticaly,words differ in that we have the superordinate level categories,subordinate categories and the basic level categories.Horizontaly,we have the prototypes and the non-prototypes in reality.Elaborated with the varying data from neurolinguistics,this paper analyzes the reasons that drive nominal aphasias’ impairment in non-prototypes and non-basic level categories.Cognitive perception is the main drive,and besides,frequency of exposure,principle of economy and position in mental lexicon are also the causalities of the patients’ impairment in word recognition.

  2. The (nontree-representability of syntactic objects.a graft-theoretical approach to nominal coordination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Tănase-Dogaru

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with nominal coordination and the way Graft Theory can be applied to this domain. As introduced and defined by van Riemsdijk (1998, 2000 and 2001, Graft Theory was initially applied to the domain of syntactic amalgams (Lakoff 1974 and transparent free relative clauses. The paper claims that Graft Theory can equally apply to the domain of coordination and a range of syntactic phenomena that are associated with coordination. The main idea that this paper advances is that Graft Theory could solve the problem of syntactic representability with coordinate structures, which are known to pose serious difficulties for binary branching. By endorsing the main tenets of Graft Theory, the paper also touches upon an issue with far-reaching implications: the (impossibility of representing certain syntactic objects as syntactic trees.

  3. Double-Difference Carrier-Phase Network Solution Using Nominal Gnss Constellations (Future Perception)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farah, A. M. A.

    2008-01-01

    Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) have an endless number of applications in industry, science, military, transportation and recreation & sports. Two systems are currently in operation namely GPS (the USA Global Positioning System) and GLONASS (the Russian GLObal NAvigation Satellite System), and a third is planned, the European satellite navigation system GALILEO. The potential performance improvements achievable through combining these systems could be significant and expectations are high. The need is inevitable to explore the future of positioning accuracy using different nominal constellations. In this research paper, Bernese 5.0 software could be modified to simulate and process GNSS observations from three different constellations (GPS, Glonass and Galileo) using different combinations. This study presents results of double-difference carrier-phase solution for five stations-network using the three constellations and different combinations.

  4. BUDGET DEFICIT AND PUBLIC DEBT, INDICATORS OF NOMINAL CONVERGENCE OF ROMANIA WITH EUROPEAN UNION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorel Dumitru Chiriţescu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The budget deficit and public debt represent Romania’s two most important elements of the system of criteria for accession to the euro single currency. Therefore their combined and complex analysis for a longer time period, before the initial target, can put us in a position to obtain some interesting conclusions about the reason why our country has not adopted the single currency in 2013. Such an analysis allows the foundation of a coherent and feasible program to adopt the single currency in the future. As it is normal, this program will be based on the performance, according to standards, of all nominal and real criteria for transition to the single currency, as explained and detailed within the Maastricht Treaty.

  5. Why do nominal characteristics acquire status value? A minimal explanation for status construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark, Noah P; Smith-Lovin, Lynn; Ridgeway, Cecilia L

    2009-11-01

    Why do beliefs that attach different amounts of status to different categories of people become consensually held by the members of a society? We show that two microlevel mechanisms, in combination, imply a system-level tendency toward consensual status beliefs about a nominal characteristic. (1) Status belief diffusion: a person who has no status belief about a characteristic can acquire a status belief about that characteristic from interacting with one or more people who have that status belief. (2) Status belief loss: a person who has a status belief about a characteristic can lose that belief from interacting with one or more people who have the opposite status belief. These mechanisms imply that opposite status beliefs will tend to be lost at equal rates and will tend to be acquired at rates proportional to their prevalence. Therefore, if a status belief ever becomes more prevalent than its opposite, it will increase in prevalence until every person holds it.

  6. KONSEP DAN MANFAAT PENGATURAN SAHAM TANPA NILAI NOMINAL DALAM PASAR MODAL INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Kariahenta Silalahi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to find out the concept and benefit of regulation of no par value shares in Indonesian Capital Market. The legal issue of this research is the philosophical meaning of no par value shares as stipulated in Article 31 subsection (2 of Company Law 2007. Ontologically, regulation of no par value shares is one of alternatives to solve the crisis of capital market. Etiologically, the regulation will give the value of benefits in term of providing easiness to perform corporate action, simplification of accounting, no distinction between issued shares and outstanding shares, the shares price is not determined by the nominal price but the market price, it remains to be traded, the company may still do a rights issue to obtain fresh funds even during crisis and they can use mandatory and optional system. Keywords: regulation, no par value shares, capital market.

  7. KONSEP DAN MANFAAT PENGATURAN SAHAM TANPA NILAI NOMINAL DALAM PASAR MODAL INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Kariahenta Silalahi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to find out the concept and benefit of regulation of no par value shares in Indonesian Capital Market. The legal issue of this research is the philosophical meaning of no par value shares as stipulated in Article 31 subsection (2 of Company Law 2007. Ontologically, regulation of no par value shares is one of alternatives to solve the crisis of capital market. Etiologically, the regulation will give the value of benefits in term of providing easiness to perform corporate action, simplification of accounting, no distinction between issued shares and outstanding shares, the shares price is not determined by the nominal price but the market price, it remains to be traded, the company may still do a rights issue to obtain fresh funds even during crisis and they can use mandatory and optional system.

  8. Satellite power system (SPS). Rectenna siting: availability and distribution of nominally eligible sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-11-01

    Siting of 60 ground receiving stations (rectennas) for the SPS may pose a problem due to the large area per rectenna (15,000 hectares, 38,000 acres) and numerous siting constraints. This study analyzes areas potentially eligible for rectenna sites by mapping, at a national scale, those conditions which would preclude rectenna construction. These exclusion variables which reflect restricted lands, topography, safety, national policy and electromagnetic (microwave) effects, have been computer encoded and tabulated. Subsequent analysis of the nine electric power planning regions that make up the contiguous states indicate an apparently adequate number of nominally eligible sites in all regions in comparison to projected electrical generation. Eligibility in this context means only that areas were not excluded in this national level analysis; more detailed investigation may reveal purely local constraints or smaller scale exclusions. A second major qualification relates to small isolated eligible areas. Eliminating individual eligible clusters with less than nine times the area of one rectenna eliminates much of the Eastern US; a four-to-one adjacent eligible area test poses no such problem. An independant study of the placement of 60 nominal sites in relation to projected load centers reveals that, even with modest transmission distances, the supply of eligible areas is not a key constraint, except perhaps in the Mid-Atlantic (Electric Reliability) Council Region. Even when several less critical (potential) exclusions are considered, more than 19% of the US is eligible; every region except Mid-Atlantic has at least 50 times an many eligible sites as are required.

  9. Simplified Assessment of R3 Nominal Assurance Degree to Seismic Action of the Existing Masonry Dwellings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodor Broşteanu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper refers to the assessment of the performance level of a building for a given seismic hazard level. Building performance level describes the expected seismic performance given by the computation of R3 Nominal Assurance Degree to Seismic Action of the Existing Masonry Dwellings and Monumental Buildings according to the Romanian Norm P100:1992 [1], modified on 1996 with the chapters 11 and 12, until the Part 3 of P100-1:2006 [2], will be performed for the Assessment and Strengthening Structural Design of the Seismic Vulnerable, Existing Buildings, in the frame of SR EN 1998-1:2004 EC8 [3]. The framing of damages into the potential risk degrees has a social and economic impact. Assessment and retrofitting of the existing buildings have represented a huge engineering challenge as a distinct problem versus a new building design. The performance level of a vulnerable existing building shows us the expected seismic performance level due to the classified damages, the pattern of cracks, the interruption of function, the economic losses and the needed interventions, all in function of the importance class of building on next life span of use. On recommends the computation of R (R3 Nominal Assurance Degree to Seismic Action of the Vulnerable Dwellings for the assessing and strengthening design, in comparison to both norms because of the bearing conventional seismic load computed by [1], will result less than the value which will be computed by the Part 3 of P100-1:2006, i.e. the norm P100:1992 is more severe. In the case of the breakable fracture probability of the existing structural masonry members, one recommends a bigger value of ? – reduction factor unless the given values by [1] for a new structure with a high ductility, especially for the deflections calibration on the same limit state.

  10. Discourse Goals Affect the Process and Product of Nominal Metaphor Production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utsumi, Akira; Sakamoto, Maki

    2015-10-01

    Although a large number of studies have addressed metaphor comprehension, only a few attempts have so far been made at exploring the process of metaphor production. Therefore, in this paper, we address the problem of how people generate nominal metaphors or identify an apt vehicle for a given topic of nominal metaphors. Specifically, we examine how the process and product of metaphor production differ between two discourse goals of metaphor, namely an explanatory purpose (e.g., to clarify) and a literary purpose (e.g., to aesthetically pleasing). Experiment 1 analyzed the metaphors (or vehicles) generated in the metaphor production task, and demonstrated that people identified more prototypical exemplars of the property to be attributed to the topic as a vehicle for explanatory metaphors than for literary metaphors. In addition, it was found that metaphors generated for the explanatory purpose were more apt and conventional, and had high topic-vehicle similarity than those generated for the literary purpose, while metaphors generated for the literary purpose were more familiar and imageable than those for the explanatory purpose. Experiment 2 used a priming paradigm to assess the online availability of prototypical and less prototypical members of the topic property during metaphor production. The result was that both prototypical and less prototypical members were activated in producing literary metaphors, while neither members were activated in the production of explanatory metaphors. These findings indicate that the process of metaphor production is affected by discourse goals of metaphor; less prototypical members of the category are searched for a vehicle during the production of literary metaphors, and thus literary metaphors are generated with less prototypical vehicles than explanatory metaphors.

  11. Satellite power system (SPS). Rectenna siting: availability and distribution of nominally eligible sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-11-01

    Siting of 60 ground receiving stations (rectennas) for the SPS may pose a problem due to the large area per rectenna (15,000 hectares, 38,000 acres) and numerous siting constraints. This study analyzes areas potentially eligible for rectenna sites by mapping, at a national scale, those conditions which would preclude rectenna construction. These exclusion variables which reflect restricted lands, topography, safety, national policy and electromagnetic (microwave) effects, have been computer encoded and tabulated. Subsequent analysis of the nine electric power planning regions that make up the contiguous states indicate an apparently adequate number of nominally eligible sites in all regions in comparison to projected electrical generation. Eligibility in this context means only that areas were not excluded in this national level analysis; more detailed investigation may reveal purely local constraints or smaller scale exclusions. A second major qualification relates to small isolated eligible areas. Eliminating individual eligible clusters with less than nine times the area of one rectenna eliminates much of the Eastern US; a four-to-one adjacent eligible area test poses no such problem. An independant study of the placement of 60 nominal sites in relation to projected load centers reveals that, even with modest transmission distances, the supply of eligible areas is not a key constraint, except perhaps in the Mid-Atlantic (Electric Reliability) Council Region. Even when several less critical (potential) exclusions are considered, more than 19% of the US is eligible; every region except Mid-Atlantic has at least 50 times an many eligible sites as are required.

  12. Nominal group technique for individuals with cognitive disability: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakhani, Ali; Watling, David P; Zeeman, Heidi; Wright, Courtney J; Bishara, Jason

    2017-05-13

    Considering the perspectives of individuals with cognitive disability is important for their participation in their self-directed health care. The nominal group technique (NGT) has been identified as a method to gather opinions of people with cognitive disability; however, a synthesis of methodological considerations to undertake when employing the approach among people with cognitive disability is non-existent. A systematic review guided by the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols was undertaken. Five databases (CINAHL, ISI Web of Science, ProQuest Social Science Journals, Scopus, and MEDLINE) were searched for peer-reviewed literature published before September 2016. Methodological considerations pertaining to the four stages of the NGT- generating ideas, recording ideas, clarification, and ranking - were extracted from each study. Nine publications contributing to eight studies were included. Methodological considerations focused on (i) the number of participants within discussion groups, (ii) research question introduction, (iii) support individuals and accessible methods, (iv) ranking, and (v) researcher training and counselling services. The use of the NGT to gain the health care perspectives of adults with cognitive disability is promising. Conducting nominal group techniques informed by the methodological considerations identified within this review can work towards ensuring that the health care perspectives of people with cognitive disability are considered. Implications for rehabilitation The emergent policy move towards self-directed health care for people with disability requires that the health care perspectives of people with disability are considered. Effective consultation and discussion techniques are essential to gain the health care perspectives of people with cognitive disability. After undertaking methodological considerations, the NGT can be an effective approach towards gaining the health care

  13. ROMANIAN SCIENTISTS IN THE NOMINATION DATABASE FOR THE NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE, 1901-1951.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cernescu, Costin

    2014-01-01

    Nobelprize.org site is the most reliable and complete resource of information on the Nobel Prize and the Nobel Laureates. The nomination database for Physiology or Medicine, 1901-1951, offers exciting facts about the Romanian Schools of Medicine from Bucharest, Iaşi and Cluj. Between 1920-1950, four Romanian scientists were nominated for the Nobel Prize: Victor Babeş (1854-1926), Ion Cantacuzino (1863-1934), Thoma Ionescu (1860-1926) and Constantin Levaditi (1874-1953). This paper discusses these nominees, the nominators and the motivations, as well as the specific publications that endorse the candidates' scientific activity. Recommendations made by Romanian professors for foreign researchers to receive the Nobel Prize are also included.

  14. Influence of nominal reduction of the blank radius per path on the neck spinning of oblique tubes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The process of the neck spinning of oblique tubes is simulated by means of the 3D elastic-plastic finite element software, MSC. MARC. The dynamic boundary and contact problems in simulation are solved. The characteristics of the metal flowing, the distributions of the stress and strain, the possible defects and areas during spinning are obtained. The influence of the nominal reduction of the blank radius per path on the metal flowing and deformation is also researched theoretically and experimentally. It shows that the nominal reduction of the blank radius per path has great influence on the neck spinning process of oblique tubes. A reasonable nominal reduction of the blank radius per path is very important to guarantee the proceeding of the spinning process and to obtain a sound products.

  15. Inventories, markups and real rigidities in sticky price models of the Canadian economy

    OpenAIRE

    Kryvtsov, Oleksiy; Midrigan, Virgiliu

    2011-01-01

    Recent New Keynesian models of macroeconomy view nominal cost rigidities, rather than nominal price rigidities, as the key feature that accounts for the observed persistence in output and inflation. Kryvtsov and Midrigan (2010a,b) reassess these conclusions by combining a theory based on nominal rigidities and storable goods with direct evidence on inventories for the U.S. This paper applies Kryvtsov and Midrigan's model to the case of Canada. The model predicts that if costs of production ar...

  16. The Video of Joe Himes' Comments on the Importance of Nomination Committees to People of Color: An Editorial Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George H. Conklin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Only one video of Professor Joe Himes is known to exist. In this video, filmed in a social setting, Dr. Himes explains that he feels it is important for current black leaders to make sure good African Ameicans are nominated for election. While speaking of the American Sociological Association, the comment that if you do not nominate good minority candidates, you cannot vote for them holds true today, especially in light of the election of the first African American president of the United States. A script of the brief session is included due to high levels of background noise in the video.

  17. Modeling Transverse Behavior of Kevlar® KM2 Single Fibers with Deformation-induced Damage

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Ming; Chen, Weinong

    2006-01-01

    Abstract A phenomenological continuum model is adapted to describe the transverse mechanical behavior of Kevlar? KM2 single fibers in compression. This model could be used for numerical simulations of the mechanical behaviors of fabrics made of Kevlar? KM2 fibers. An equivalent fiber model is used to form the phenomenological model in terms of nominal stress and nominal stretch ratio. Thi...

  18. High levels of diversity uncovered in a widespread nominal taxon: continental phylogeography of the neotropical tree frog Dendropsophus minutus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Gehara

    Full Text Available Species distributed across vast continental areas and across major biomes provide unique model systems for studies of biotic diversification, yet also constitute daunting financial, logistic and political challenges for data collection across such regions. The tree frog Dendropsophus minutus (Anura: Hylidae is a nominal species, continentally distributed in South America, that may represent a complex of multiple species, each with a more limited distribution. To understand the spatial pattern of molecular diversity throughout the range of this species complex, we obtained DNA sequence data from two mitochondrial genes, cytochrome oxidase I (COI and the 16S rhibosomal gene (16S for 407 samples of D. minutus and closely related species distributed across eleven countries, effectively comprising the entire range of the group. We performed phylogenetic and spatially explicit phylogeographic analyses to assess the genetic structure of lineages and infer ancestral areas. We found 43 statistically supported, deep mitochondrial lineages, several of which may represent currently unrecognized distinct species. One major clade, containing 25 divergent lineages, includes samples from the type locality of D. minutus. We defined that clade as the D. minutus complex. The remaining lineages together with the D. minutus complex constitute the D. minutus species group. Historical analyses support an Amazonian origin for the D. minutus species group with a subsequent dispersal to eastern Brazil where the D. minutus complex originated. According to our dataset, a total of eight mtDNA lineages have ranges >100,000 km2. One of them occupies an area of almost one million km2 encompassing multiple biomes. Our results, at a spatial scale and resolution unprecedented for a Neotropical vertebrate, confirm that widespread amphibian species occur in lowland South America, yet at the same time a large proportion of cryptic diversity still remains to be discovered.

  19. High Levels of Diversity Uncovered in a Widespread Nominal Taxon: Continental Phylogeography of the Neotropical Tree Frog Dendropsophus minutus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehara, Marcelo; Crawford, Andrew J.; Orrico, Victor G. D.; Rodríguez, Ariel; Lötters, Stefan; Fouquet, Antoine; Barrientos, Lucas S.; Brusquetti, Francisco; De la Riva, Ignacio; Ernst, Raffael; Urrutia, Giuseppe Gagliardi; Glaw, Frank; Guayasamin, Juan M.; Hölting, Monique; Jansen, Martin; Kok, Philippe J. R.; Kwet, Axel; Lingnau, Rodrigo; Lyra, Mariana; Moravec, Jiří; Pombal, José P.; Rojas-Runjaic, Fernando J. M.; Schulze, Arne; Señaris, J. Celsa; Solé, Mirco; Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Twomey, Evan; Haddad, Celio F. B.; Vences, Miguel; Köhler, Jörn

    2014-01-01

    Species distributed across vast continental areas and across major biomes provide unique model systems for studies of biotic diversification, yet also constitute daunting financial, logistic and political challenges for data collection across such regions. The tree frog Dendropsophus minutus (Anura: Hylidae) is a nominal species, continentally distributed in South America, that may represent a complex of multiple species, each with a more limited distribution. To understand the spatial pattern of molecular diversity throughout the range of this species complex, we obtained DNA sequence data from two mitochondrial genes, cytochrome oxidase I (COI) and the 16S rhibosomal gene (16S) for 407 samples of D. minutus and closely related species distributed across eleven countries, effectively comprising the entire range of the group. We performed phylogenetic and spatially explicit phylogeographic analyses to assess the genetic structure of lineages and infer ancestral areas. We found 43 statistically supported, deep mitochondrial lineages, several of which may represent currently unrecognized distinct species. One major clade, containing 25 divergent lineages, includes samples from the type locality of D. minutus. We defined that clade as the D. minutus complex. The remaining lineages together with the D. minutus complex constitute the D. minutus species group. Historical analyses support an Amazonian origin for the D. minutus species group with a subsequent dispersal to eastern Brazil where the D. minutus complex originated. According to our dataset, a total of eight mtDNA lineages have ranges >100,000 km2. One of them occupies an area of almost one million km2 encompassing multiple biomes. Our results, at a spatial scale and resolution unprecedented for a Neotropical vertebrate, confirm that widespread amphibian species occur in lowland South America, yet at the same time a large proportion of cryptic diversity still remains to be discovered. PMID:25208078

  20. 76 FR 26930 - Dairy Promotion and Research Program; Importer Nominations to the Dairy Promotion and Research Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1150 Dairy Promotion and Research Program; Importer Nominations to the Dairy Promotion and Research Board AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Rule..., and the Dairy Promotion and Research Order (Dairy Order), as amended, which require the Secretary...