WorldWideScience

Sample records for modelling 3s6 sms

  1. SMS Advertising in India: Is TAM a Robust Model for Explaining Intention?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemant Bamoriya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examined mobile users’ intentions to receive SMS advertising in India using Technology Acceptance Model (TAM as research framework. 242 respondents completed a structured questionnaire; measuring their responses for the TAM’s five constructs viz. perceived utility, perceived ease of use, perceived trust, attitude and intention. Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM both measurement model and structural model testing was done to analyze the data. Findings indicated that specified TAM model contributed to 81.8% of variance in the intention to receive SMS advertising and was a valid model in explaining the intention to receive SMS advertising. Study further indicated that perceived utility was much better predictor of attitude towards SMS advertising than perceived ease of use and perceived trust. Study suggested marketers that to increase acceptance of SMS advertising they should focus more on increasing utility of SMS ads, so that users would develop positive attitudes towards SMS advertising.

  2. Perancangan Aplikasi Informasi SMS untuk Alumni Unsoed Menggunakan UML (Unified Modeling Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bangun Wijayanto

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Unified Modeling Language (UML is a language which have come to the standard in industry to visualize, design and document the software system. Using UML we can make model for All software application type, where the application can also written in many language. SMS (Short Message Service is the best choice to solve geographic problems in spreading information to the alumni Unsoed. The aim of this research is to compile notation of UML (Unified Modeling Language in development of SMS Server for Alumni Unsoed. This research is conducted with software engineer method. The design result of software SMS alumni Unsoed present that UML (Unified Modeling Language help in design and software programming

  3. Model Object Relational Database pada Aplikasi Notifikasi SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrajani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to analyse the database using object oriented approach. In addition, this research develops and designs an object-relational database structure to make easier the process of searching for the required information. The benefit of this research is to provide a data structure that can be reused for SMS notification application developer team, so that the developers can use existing objects for future use if there are changes in the current business process. The methods used are data collection, analysis, and design. The result obtained from this research is a database structure of SMS notification application, which can be used in various programming languages for using object-relational database approach. For conclusion, by using the object-relational database structure, application developers will be made easier in developing the current database structure. Programmer can add a new data type simply by creating a new object. Data is accessed or processed as object-oriented.

  4. Motives for SMS Use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, O.; Almekinders, Johan; van Buren, Ruud; Snippers, Roy; Wessels, Jacqueline

    This study was designed to identify, from a uses-and-gratifications point of view, the motives that young people in the age of 12 to 25 have for using SMS. The study also aimed to assess whether these SMS motives are related to age, gender, current education, mobile phone experience, SMS experience

  5. SMS and Web-Based e-Government Model Case Study: Citizens Complaints Management System at District of Gihosha –Burundi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mugenzi Thierry

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available E-Government basically comprises the use of electronic communications technologies such as the internet, in enhancing and advancing the citizens access to public services. In most developing countries including Burundi, citizens are facing many difficulties for accessing public services. One of the identified problems is the poor quality of service in managing citizens’ complaints. This study proposes an SMS and web based e-Government Model as a solution. In this study, a case study of a complaint management system at District of Gihosha has been used as a reference to prove that SMS and Web based e-Government Model can enhances the access of public services. The objective of this study is the development of an SMS and web-based system that can enhances the process and the management of citizens’ complaints at District of Gihosha. The system has been developed using PHP as front end, Apache as web server, MySQL as Database and Gammu as SMS gateway. The obtained results after testing the system shows that all the functionalities of the developed system worked properly. Thus, the SMS and web based complaint management system developed is considered to be effective.

  6. SENT SMS : School Event Notification Through SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramil G. Lumauag

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Mobile phones are now considered as an essential part of people’s daily lives which is used for communication and provides diversified information. The use of mobile phone is not only limited to communication alone, but now used for subscription to value-added services like disaster warning, alert systems, and notifications. The development of School Event Notification Through SMS (SENT SMS is beneficial to students, teachers, and parents in receiving first-hand information from the school right into their mobile phone. With the use of SMS Notification, students will be notified with the upcoming events of the school, changes in schedule of events, and suspension of classes due to bad weather. Teachers will be notified for schedule of meetings, emergency meetings, and deadlines of requirements. Parents will also be informed about the school activities and be aware of the activities of their children in school. The system was tested and evaluated using ISO 9126 standard questionnaire for software quality characteristics such as functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability. The result implies that the overall usefulness of the system is very effective, that is, it is highly functional, highly reliable, highly usable, highly efficient, highly maintainable and highly portable.

  7. SMS Messaging Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Pero, Nicola

    2009-01-01

    Cell phones are the most common communication device on the planet, and Short Message Service (SMS) is the chief channel for companies to offer services, accept requests, report news, and download binary files over cell phones. This guide describes the protocols and best practices (things that ensure you won't get sued or lose your right to offer a service) you need to know to make SMS messaging part of an organizational service. Issues such as character sets, differences among vendors, common practices in Europe and North America, and API choices are covered.

  8. Uus turunduskangelane SMS / Merit Raju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raju, Merit

    2002-01-01

    Lühisõnum SMS (Short Message Service) ja multimeediasõnum MMS (Multimedia Messaging System) - uued võimalused reklaami edastamiseks klientidele. Kommenteerib Henri Österlund. Lisa: SMS-reklaami võimalused

  9. Uus turunduskangelane SMS / Merit Raju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raju, Merit

    2002-01-01

    Lühisõnum SMS (Short Message Service) ja multimeediasõnum MMS (Multimedia Messaging System) - uued võimalused reklaami edastamiseks klientidele. Kommenteerib Henri Österlund. Lisa: SMS-reklaami võimalused

  10. SMS advertisements\\\\\\' adoption among Tehran mobile users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manizheh Haghighinasab

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Mobile marketing and SMS (short message services advertising in particular, have been recently used. Even though SMS-based advertising is inexpensive, interactive, and able to yield a high response rate, middle or big size companies do not use it in Iran. For as much as its adoption was unclear, this study was organized to find it out. Since the most populated city in our country, Tehran, is a good multicultural instance to study in many fields, this research has aimed at its citizens' intention to use SMS advertisement. The statistical populations included are mobile users, who came to Mobile Customer Service located in north, south, west, east and centre of Tehran. From which 384 were considered as samples. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM was used for making hypothesizes. Survey's data was collected by questionnaire with cluster and random sampling. Collected data was analyzed regarding to the method: Structural Equation Modeling (SEM in order to do which, the technique Partial List Squares (PLS were used. The results revealed that: despite the lack of adoption for the SMS advertising among mobile users in Tehran, there could be chances to improve it by better perceived usefulness as well as its ease of use. Innovativeness of the people and their trust has indirect impact on their intention to use. Moreover, getting prior permission, making a profile, and individualizing the context with richness of information and entertainers are recommended. Using the new generation 3G and shortcuts will be able to improve SMS advertisement's adoption as well.

  11. SMS: Social and cognitive impact - SMS: impacto social y cognitivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Perea

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The growing use of mobile text messages(hereinafter SMS has given place to a debate on thesocial impact and the psychological effects of this newmass media. In the recent years the massive use ofmobiles and Internet has generated a new way of communicationbased on the abbreviated use of language.In this work we examine the role of SMS as an effectivetool of communication in the way of establishingsocial relationships among young individuals. Furthermorewe examine the reading cognitive cost of SMS;and derived from this analysis and the content of theSMS sentences we extract two conclusions. The firstone is that SMS language is economical enough totransfer relevant information using the abbreviatedlanguage even though it implies a reading cost, thesecond conclusion is that SMS language implies asocio-cultural aspect worthy to be reflected on.

  12. The SMS-GPS-Trip-Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinau, Kristian Hegner; Harder, Henrik; Weber, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a new method for collecting travel behavior data, based on a combination of GPS tracking and SMS technology, coined the SMS–GPS-Trip method. The state-of-the-art method for collecting data for activity based traffic models is a combination of travel diaries and GPS tracking...

  13. Can ‘Mobile Platform’ and ‘Permission Marketing’ dance a tango to the consumers' tune? Modeling adoption of ‘SMS based Permission Advertising’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prerna Bamoriya

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Many a times situation of advertising clutter is further aggrieved by the markers’ intrusive practices i.e. not asking for consumer’s explicit permission. It results in consumers’ alienation and reduced advertising effectiveness. Solution could be integration of Permission Marketing with an innovative advertising platform like Mobile. This study aimed to develop and validate a comprehensive model for understanding consumers’ adoption behavior towards SMS Based Permission Advertising (SBPA. For this, data was collected using systematic random sampling from 524 respondents and was analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling. Study revealed some critical variables along with complex relationships among such variables, in form of an empirically validated model. At last, study made some important implications for practitioners and researchers.

  14. Multistage Three-Way Decisions of Spam SMS Filtering Model%多阶段三支决策垃圾短信过滤模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建林; 黄顺亮

    2014-01-01

    提出了一种多阶段三支决策垃圾短信过滤模型。该模型使用不同的信息粒度对短信进行表示,运用序列决策(即多阶段、多步骤决策),在不同的决策阶段基于不同的信息粒度分别进行三支决策,有效地避免了当信息粒度太大或信息量不足时进行不合理的决策,对于不能满足当前决策条件的信息,可以通过补充足够的粒度信息作进一步的决策。最后通过实验证明了该模型的合理性和有效性。%This paper proposes a multistage three-way decisions of spam SMS (short messaging service) filtering model. By using different granularity information to express the SMS, with the sequence decisions (i.e., multistage, multiple steps in decision-making), at different decision-making stages, based on different information granularity respectively three-way decision-making, those can avoid to make irrational decisions when the message size is too big or insufficient information. If the information does not meet the current decision-making conditions, this model can add enough granularity information before making a further decision. Finally, the experimental results prove the rationality and validity of the model.

  15. The Only Safe SMS Texting Is No SMS Texting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toth, Cheryl; Sacopulos, Michael J

    2015-01-01

    Many physicians and practice staff use short messaging service (SMS) text messaging to communicate with patients. But SMS text messaging is unencrypted, insecure, and does not meet HIPAA requirements. In addition, the short and abbreviated nature of text messages creates opportunities for misinterpretation, and can negatively impact patient safety and care. Until recently, asking patients to sign a statement that they understand and accept these risks--as well as having policies, device encryption, and cyber insurance in place--would have been enough to mitigate the risk of using SMS text in a medical practice. But new trends and policies have made SMS text messaging unsafe under any circumstance. This article explains these trends and policies, as well as why only secure texting or secure messaging should be used for physician-patient communication.

  16. Enabling Philippine Farmers to Adapt to Climate Variability Using Seasonal Climate and Weather Forecast with a Crop Simulation Model in an SMS-based Farmer Decision Support System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebardaloza, J. B. R.; Trogo, R.; Sabido, D. J.; Tongson, E.; Bagtasa, G.; Balderama, O. F.

    2015-12-01

    Corn farms in the Philippines are rainfed farms, hence, it is of utmost importance to choose the start of planting date so that the critical growth stages that are in need of water will fall on dates when there is rain. Most farmers in the Philippines use superstitions and traditions as basis for farming decisions such as when to start planting [1]. Before climate change, superstitions like planting after a feast day of a saint has worked for them but with the recent progression of climate change, farmers now recognize that there is a need for technological intervention [1]. The application discussed in this paper presents a solution that makes use of meteorological station sensors, localized seasonal climate forecast, localized weather forecast and a crop simulation model to provide recommendations to farmers based on the crop cultivar, soil type and fertilizer type used by farmers. It is critical that the recommendations given to farmers are not generic as each farmer would have different needs based on their cultivar, soil, fertilizer, planting schedule and even location [2]. This application allows the farmer to inquire about whether it will rain in the next seven days, the best date to start planting based on the potential yield upon harvest, when to apply fertilizer and by how much, when to water and by how much. Short messaging service (SMS) is the medium chosen for this application because while mobile penetration in the Philippines is as high as 101%, the smart phone penetration is only at 15% [3]. SMS has been selected as it has been identified as the most effective way of reaching farmers with timely agricultural information and knowledge [4,5]. The recommendations while derived from making use of Automated Weather Station (AWS) sensor data, Weather Research Forecasting (WRF) models and DSSAT 4.5 [9], are translated into the local language of the farmers and in a format that is easily understood as recommended in [6,7,8]. A pilot study has been started

  17. Structural and magnetic ordering of CrNb3S6 single crystals grown by gas transport method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisenko, E. B.; Berezin, V. A.; Kolesnikov, N. N.; Gartman, V. K.; Matveev, D. V.; Shakhlevich, O. F.

    2017-07-01

    Paramagnetic layered semiconductor NbS2 doped with some transition metals can transform into ferromagnetic material. That is why such materials are promising candidates for spintronic devices. It is found that only at certain concentrations of a doping metal T crystallographic ordering is possible, which is essential for magnetic ordering of ternary compounds TNbS2. In particular, CrNb3S6 crystals are studied, which form almost completely ordered superstructure with intercalated Cr between NbS2 layers. The main difficulty in crystal growth is reaching stoichiometry of the compound. This problem is solved in the developed method of two-staged gas transport chemical reaction. This new approach provides growth of CrNb3S6 single crystals of several millimeters in diameter and 0.3-0.5 mm thickness. X-ray phase analysis (XRD) of powders is performed to identify all phases involved in synthesis and growth of the crystals. High frequency absorption in external periodic magnetic field as a function of temperature and intensity of magnetic field is used to estimate the temperature of ferromagnetic transition in CrNb3S6 single crystals. The Curie temperature is estimated as 115 K. Growth of CrNb3S6 crystals from vapor phase is studied in detail and full analysis of phase transitions during growth is given. It has been shown that using of high frequency absorption in the crystal provides reliable estimation of the point of ferromagnetic transition in this semiconductor. The authors are grateful to the Physical Science Department of Russian Academy of Sciences for financial support of the studies in the frameworks of the program "Physics of new materials and structures" (project no. 00-12-10).

  18. V Estonii rastjot tshislo SMS-kreditorov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    SMS-laenuturul tegutsevate firmade Raha-24.ee, Eurex, Ferratum, OÜ SMS Laen ja Balti Investeeringute Grupi Pank (BIG) pakutavate lühiajaliste väikelaenude tingimustest. Kommenteerib Triin Messimas SEB Eesti Ühispangast

  19. SMS-laenud kontrolli alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Reformierakonna fraktsiooni ettepanekust töötada kolme kuu jooksul välja SMS-laenude levikut piiravate õigusaktide pakett. Ilmunud ka Tallinna Teataja : Haabersti, Kristiine ja Põhja-Tallinn, mai 2008, lk. 4 ; Tallinna Teataja : Nõmme ja Mustamäe, mai 2008, lk. 4

  20. SMS-laenud kontrolli alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Reformierakonna fraktsiooni ettepanekust töötada kolme kuu jooksul välja SMS-laenude levikut piiravate õigusaktide pakett. Ilmunud ka Eesti Teataja : Hiiumaa, Saaremaa, Läänemaa ja Pärnumaa, mai 2008, lk. 4 ; Eesti Teataja : Virumaa, mai 2008, lk. 4 ; Eesti Teataja : Harju- ja Raplamaa, mai 2008, lk. 4

  1. Simultaneous multislice (SMS) imaging techniques

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barth, M.; Breuer, F.; Koopmans, P.J.; Norris, David Gordon; Poser, B.A.

    2016-01-01

    Simultaneous multislice imaging (SMS) using parallel image reconstruction has rapidly advanced to become a major imaging technique. The primary benefit is an acceleration in data acquisition that is equal to the number of simultaneously excited slices. Unlike in-plane parallel imaging this can have

  2. SMS Spam Filtering Technique Based on Artificial Immune System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarek M Mahmoud

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The Short Message Service (SMS have an important economic impact for end users and service providers. Spam is a serious universal problem that causes problems for almost all users. Several studies have been presented, including implementations of spam filters that prevent spam from reaching their destination. Nave Bayesian algorithm is one of the most effective approaches used in filtering techniques. The computational power of smart phones are increasing, making increasingly possible to perform spam filtering at these devices as a mobile agent application, leading to better personalization and effectiveness. The challenge of filtering SMS spam is that the short messages often consist of few words composed of abbreviations and idioms. In this paper, we propose an anti-spam technique based on Artificial Immune System (AIS for filtering SMS spam messages. The proposed technique utilizes a set of some features that can be used as inputs to spam detection model. The idea is to classify message using trained dataset that contains Phone Numbers, Spam Words, and Detectors. Our proposed technique utilizes a double collection of bulk SMS messages Spam and Ham in the training process. We state a set of stages that help us to build dataset such as tokenizer, stop word filter, and training process. Experimental results presented in this paper are based on iPhone Operating System (iOS. The results applied to the testing messages show that the proposed system can classify the SMS spam and ham with accurate compared with Nave Bayesian algorithm.

  3. SMS BASED REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reecha Ranjan Singh , Sangeeta Agrawal , Saurabh Kapoor ,S. Sharma

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A modern world contains varieties of electronic equipment and systems like: TV, security system, Hi-fi equipment, central heating systems, fire alarm systems, security alarm systems, lighting systems, SET Top Box, AC (Air Conditioner etc., we need to handle, ON/OFF or monitor these electrical devices remotely or to communicate with these but, if you are not at the home or that place and you want to communicate with these device. So the new technology for handled these devices remotely and for communication to required the GSM, mobile technology, SMS (short message service and some hardware resources. SMS based remote control for home appliances is beneficial for the human generation, because mobile is most recently used technology nowadays.

  4. Model application for rapid detection of the exact location when calling an ambulance using OGC Open GeoSMS Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukic Enes

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The web has penetrated just about every sphere of human interest and using information from the web has become ubiquitous among different categories of users. Medicine has long being using the benefits of modern technologies and without them it cannot function. This paper offers a proposal of use and mutual collaboration of several modern technologies within facilitating the location and communication between persons in need of emergency medical assistance and the emergency head offices, i.e., the ambulance. The main advantage of the proposed model is the technical possibility of implementation and use of these technologies in developing countries and low implementation cost.

  5. Short Message Service using SMS Gateway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veena K.Katankar

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Short message service (SMS will play a very vital role in the future business areas whose are popularly known as mobile banking, organizational marketing system etc. For this future, SMS could make a mobile device in a business tool as it has the availability and the effectiveness. This thesis is about software development that is based on short messaging service (SMS system for delivering messages through SMS gateway. Main goal of proposed system is to provide multi level local authentication to the SMS gateway service. This service can be implemented in any multi departmental organization whereSMS service is used for notification system and marketing purpose. Proposed system has web interface and the encryption method for providing service.

  6. SMS Security in Mobile Devices: A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Waseem Khan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Short Message Service (SMS is one of the frequently used mobile services with universal availability in all GSM networks. The current SMS hasnít achieved secure transmission of plaintext between different mobile phone devices. SMS doesnít have its own build-in mechanism to secure the transmitted data because security isnít considered as a priority application for mobile devices. Many SMS security schemes have been proposed by the researchers. This survey presents the existing schemes used to secure SMS message communication. State of the art SMS security solutions for mobile devices is presented from the period 2006-2013. Literature research of those security schemes is conducted and presented in this survey. The effect of each security scheme on mobile deviceís performance is also observed. Finally, a general summary of all security schemes with their limitations is presented.

  7. Investigation of load effect on macro-bend losses for an SMS fiber structure with a small bend radius

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmah, Fitri; Sekartedjo, Sekartedjo; Hatta, Agus Muhamad

    2016-11-01

    Modelling of load effect on macro-bend losses for a singlemode-multimode-singlemode (SMS) fiber structure with small bend radius is presented. Load effect on macro-bend losses for the SMS fiber structure placed between two high-density polyethylene (HDPE) boards are investigated theoretically and experimentally. A model on macro-bend losses for SMS fiber structure is constructed by using the light transmission formula in a straight SMS fiber structure and taking into account the effective number of guided modes due to the macrobending. In the experimental, a mandrel with a diameter of 0.8 mm is used to induce the bend. When the loads are applied on the system, the mandrel will affect the bend losses for the SMS fiber structure. It is shown numerically and experimentally that the bend-loss of SMS fiber structure strongly depends on the applied loads and the multimode fiber (MMF) lengths.

  8. Short Message System (SMS) revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Eivind Ortind; Dahl, Mads Ronald

    both students and educators are changing. There is a risk of information overload and difficulty ensuring, that important information passes through to all relevant individuals. This provides a challenge to institutions, which have an urgent need to pass on personal important information. One way......In a rapidly changing world of technology, communication and information is everywhere around us. Technology is constantly moving the frontier for what is possible and having an increasing impact on education. New inventions create new ways of effective mass communication and the expectations from...... route was chosen as part of improving the digital communication and information environment at the faculty. A SMS service was implemented and tested in three settings: course communication tool, University administration tool and as examination result tool....

  9. Selling train tickets by SMS

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Selling train tickets has evolved in the last ten years from queuing in the railway station, to buying tickets on the internet and printing them. Both alternatives are still viable options, though they are time consuming or need printing devices. Nowadays it is essential to offer a service that is as fast and efficient as possible: mobile phones provide an accessible, affordable and widely available tool for supplying information and transferring data. The goal of this project is to design a train ticket contained in a SMS message. While there are several challenges related to the project, the main one is the security and how we can digitally sign a train ticket that is contained in 160 characters. The solution offered in this project is the implementation of the MOVA Signature (from the name of the inventors MOnnerat and VAudenay) that uses an interactive verification and therefore allows signature of 20 bits (roughly 4 characters).

  10. Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Layanan Berbasis Web dan SMS Gateway di Petshop "PetZone"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siska Fadhilah Wati

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Dewasa ini teknologi informasi sangat membantu dalam dunia bisnis. Kemudahan yang ditawarkan akan menjaring lebih banyak konsumen. Namun, perusahan tingkat menengah seperti PetZone saat ini masih jarang yang menawarkan kemudahan berbelanja atau pemesanan layanan secara online. Oleh karena itu diperlukan sebuah sistem berbasis web di perusahaan PetZone yang dapat memudahkan pemilik dan karyawan dalam apenjualan, pelayanan, dan pemasaran, serta memudahkan pelanggan dalam jual-beli barang dan jasa. Atas dasar masalah tersebut dibangun Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Layanan Berbasis Web dan SMS Gateway untuk menunjang proses bisnis yang ada. Sistem informasi dibangun menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP framework Codeigniter, javascript untuk tampilan yang dinamis, dan database MySQL. Proses pembuatan dan pengembangan Sistem Informasi Penjualan ini menggunakan metode air terjun. Metode air terjun meliputi kebutuhan pengguna, analisis, rancangan, implementasi dan pengujian. Pemodelan Sistem Informasi yang dibangun menggunakan metode berorientasi objek UML (Unified Modeling Language yang terdiri dari Use case  diagram, Class diagram dan Sequence diagram. Hasil pengujian Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Layanan Berbasis Web dan SMS Gateway menunjukkan bahwa semua fitur yang terdapat baik dalam sistem informasi maupun SMS gateway dapat bekerja dengan baikdengan ratusan sample data, dan server SMS gateway dapat memproses lebih dari satu SMS secara bersamaan. Dalam perkembangan ke depannya nanti, Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Layanan Berbasis Web dan SMS Gateway masih dapat dikembangkan lagi dengan menambah fitur-fitur pada SMS gateway sehingga lebih memudahkan konsumen.

  11. Using Short Message Service (SMS) to Support Business Continuity

    CERN Document Server

    Abdel-qader, Maher; AL-Hamami, Alaa

    2011-01-01

    Now a day's many organizations are required to communicate online on a daily basis, 24-hour, seven-days-a-week, to gain the desired competitive advantages and profits; although there are a variety of disruptions that may occur within business application such as broken (off-line) database-links and unhanded database exceptions. Such cases will end the automated business work, and force business users to continue business procedures and functionalities via paper work, which causes additional resources with less business competitive advantages. In this paper, we will propose a new model in which we embed short message services (SMS) within business applications using the SMS Gateway such as "Ozeki Message Server", and programmed application packages. By using our proposed model, we can maintain business continuity when a partial disruption occurs and then switch to our application model. As a result to the experimental work, we conclude that our model supports business continuity since it supports the account b...

  12. Peramalan trafik SMS Area Jabotabek Dengan Metode ARIMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lusi Alvina Tofani

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam dunia telekomunikasi, pertukaran informasidituntut memiliki performansi yang baik. Salah satu layanantelekomunikasi yang banyak digunakan adalah SMS (ShortMessage Service. Dalam tugas akhir ini akan dilakukanpemodelan dan peramalan trafik SMS pada jaringan GSM(Global System for Mobile Communication area Jabotabekmenggunakan metode ARIMA. Penelitian ini dipusatkan denganmengambil data dari 2 lokasi SMSC (Short Message ServiceCenter yaitu SMSC yang menampung transaksi SMS peer topeer GSM-T dan SMSC yang menampung transaksi SMS alloperator. Data tersebut merupakan trafik harian selama 4 bulandari bulan Maret hingga Juni 2011 yang akan digunakan untukpemodelan dan Bulan Juli 2011 yang akan digunakan sebagaidata testing. Ada 2 kategori pemodelan yaitu untuk tipe SMSCall operator pada selang waktu 0-15 sec dan 16-30 sec sedangkantipe yang kedua yaitu tipe SMSC peer to peer GSM-T padaselang waktu 0-15 sec dan 16-30 sec. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh4 model dari data selama 4 bulan yaitu model ARIMA untuk alloperator 0-15 sec adalah ([6,9],1,2, model ARIMA untuk alloperator 16-30 sec adalah (1,0,[1,4,5], model ARIMA untuk peerto peer GSM-T 0-15 sec adalah (1,0,[1,7], dan model ARIMAuntuk peer to peer GSM-T 16-30 sec adalah ([1,5],0,5. Kemudianuntuk hasil peramalan dari 4 model tersebut didapatkan nilaiMAPE terendah yaitu pada model ARIMA untuk trafik alloperator GSM-T 0-15 sec sebesar 0,32883%. Hasil peramalan iniyang akan digunakan sebagai prediksi trafik kedepan.

  13. Modeling and analysis on behavior of mobile social network based on SMS/MMS%基于SMS/MMS的移动社会网络行为建模与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄银锋; 彭三城; 冯梓远; 郭树长; 赵义; 陈桂贤

    2014-01-01

    为了有效地分析移动社会网络所具有的复杂网络特性,结合实际短信网络,研究基于短信/彩信(simple messaging service/multimedia messaging service,SMS/MMS)的移动社会网络行为建模方法及分析机制。首先,采用短信/彩信通信记录来构建社会关系图,并提出了基于社会关系图的移动社会网络行为分析机制。给出了移动社会网络行为分析的相关要素及其计算模型,采用社会网络分析的方法对出度、入度、用户朋友数、活跃度、亲密度、聚类系数等特征进行统计分析。实验结果表明:短信网络具有复杂网络的特性,活跃度能更好地刻画手机用户的移动社会网络行为。该方法能有效地用于评价移动社会网络中节点影响力的大小。%In order to evaluate the characteristics of complex network in mobile social networks,a modeling method and analytical mechanism on behavior of mobile social network were proposed based on simple messaging service /multimedia messaging service (SMS/MMS )by combining the characteristics of real short message network. At first, social relationship graph was constructed using SMS/MMS. In addition, an analysis mechanism on behavior of mobile social network was presented based on the social relationship graph.The related factors of behavior analysis and their computing model were provided,and the method of social network analysis was used to count and analyze the characteristics of mobile social network,such as out-degree,in-degree,the number of friends,activity degree,intimacy degree,and clustering coefficient.Simulation results show that the real short message network has the characteristics of complex networks and that activity degree can be used to characterize the behavior of users in mobile social networks.The method can be used to evaluate the degree of nodes’influence in mobile social network.

  14. SMS-laenud ja valikuvabadus / Andre Nõmm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõmm, Andre

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 9. august lk. 9. Finantsinspektsiooni finantsteenuste järelevalve divisjoni juht kirjutab raskustest, mis tekiksid SMS-laenu keelamisel ja leiab, et laenamine on laenuvõtja otsustada

  15. The Conceptual Idea of Online Social Media Site (SMS) User Account Penetration Testing System

    OpenAIRE

    Chockalingam, Sabarathinam; Lallie, Harjinder Singh

    2014-01-01

    Social Media Site (SMS) usage has grown rapidly in the last few years. This sudden increase in SMS usage creates an opportunity for data leakage which could compromise personal and/or professional life. In this work, we have reviewed traditional penetration testing process and discussed the failures of traditional penetration testing process to test the 'People' layer of Simple Enterprise Security Architecture (SESA) model. In order to overcome these failures, we have developed the conceptual...

  16. A new blue-emitting phosphor of Ce 3+-activated CaLaGa 3S 6O for white-light-emitting diodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Ruijin; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Mei; Zhang, Jianhui; Yuan, Haibin; Su, Qiang

    2008-03-01

    A new blue-emitting chalcogenide phosphor, Ce3+-activated CaLaGa3S6O, with a high purity crystalline was synthesized by a two-step solid-state reaction. Photoluminescence properties of CaLaGa3S6O:Ce3+ were investigated comparatively with the commercial blue-emitting phosphor BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+. It shows a more perfect and efficient broad absorption band around the 398 nm emission of the commercial near ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and presents a comparable blue-emitting performance. The blue light-emitting LED with the CIE chromaticity coordinates of (0.147, 0.089) was successfully fabricated by precoating CaLaGa3S6O:Ce3+ phosphor onto a 398 nm-emitting InGaN chip. All these results indicate that CaLaGa3S6O:Ce3+ is a promising blue phosphor candidate for white LEDs.

  17. E-mail to SMS service change

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2010-01-01

    If you have a CERN e-mail account, you have probably already used one of the popular services that CERN’s IT Department offers to CERN users: the mail2SMS service. It allows any CERN e-mail account holder to send short messages (SMS) free of charge to CERN GSM phone numbers. Further to recent negotiations with our GSM operator, this service has been extended. It is now possible to send short messages free of charge to any Swiss mobile number. This extension of service aims at replacing the similar service that was made available by SWITCH(1) to CERN users (address: mobilenumber@sms.switch.ch). Because of repeated abuse, this service will be definitively stopped for CERN users on 15th January 2010. Please keep in mind that CERN’s e-mail to SMS service still has some restrictions: messages can only be sent from CERN mail accounts, and not from personal ones, such as GMAIL, MSN, Yahoo; the maximum length of the message is 160 characters (standard maximum SMS length); and only Swiss mobile...

  18. SMS service from your GSM mobile phone

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    The exchange of SMS (Short Message Service) messages is a very popular application of GSM mobile services. However, the use of the application with a CERN subscription is subject to certain conditions: First of all, only text messages can be sent and received with a CERN GSM subscription. These messages are limited to 160 characters. MMS (Multimedia Message Service) messages, which consist in attaching pictures, videos or sounds to a message, are not supported by the current CERN mobile network configuration. In addition, value-added SMS or SMS premium messages (e.g. messages to short numbers involving extra charges) are not permitted. Before sending a message, you must first record the number of the message centre (+41765980000) in your mobile. In principle, this configuration setting is automatically applied to all standard GSM mobile phones when they are issued. To send a message to another GSM user, you must of course enter his or her GSM number. This number must be e...

  19. Transferring Voice using SMS over GSM Network

    CERN Document Server

    Khan, Muhammad Fahad

    2011-01-01

    The paper presents a methodology of transmitting voice in SMS (Short Message Service) over GSM network. Usually SMS contents are text based and limited to 140 bytes. It supports national and international roaming, but also supported by other telecommunication such as TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access), CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) as well. It can sent/ receive simultaneously with other services. Such features make it favorable for this methodology. For this an application is developed using J2ME platform which is supported by all mobile phones in the world. This algorithm's test is conducted on N95 having Symbian Operating System (OS).

  20. Can we compare SMS marketing to traditional marketing communications?

    OpenAIRE

    Roozen, Irene; Genin, Emile

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays most companies acknowledge the importance of SMS marketing in reaching and interacting with their customers (Kavassalis et al. 2003; Dickinger et al. 2004; Tsang, Ho & Liang 2004; Sharl, Dickinger & Murphy 2005; Muk 2007). However, there is much discussion in the press regarding the effectiveness when it comes to SMS marketing. Are customers willing to accept, reading and using SMS messages: how effective is SMS marketing compared to traditional marketing communications? The goal of ...

  1. Towards School Management System (SMS) Success in Teacher's Perception

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, Haslina binti; Rahmatullah, Bahbibi binti; Nordin, Norhisham bin Mohamad

    2014-01-01

    School Management System-SMS (Sistem Pengurusan Sekolah) is a system developed by Ministry of Education Malaysia in order to reduce teachers' burden and for Educational Data Integration. SMS is a type of Management Information System (MIS) and is pivotal for efficient and effective running of schools in Malaysia. As SMS is newly introduced, no…

  2. Finantsinspektsioon piiraks SMS-laenusid / Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 13. juuni 2007, lk. 3. Finantsinspektsiooni juht Raul Malmstein ütles Riigikogus, et riik peaks asuma SMS-laenukontoreid ohjeldama ja seadma lisatingimusi sellise laenamisviisi piiramiseks. Poliitikute arvamusi. Lisa: Inspektsioon nõuab trahviõigust

  3. Incident Investigation in SMS and FRMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stewart, S.; Koornneef, F.; Akselsson, R.; Kingston, J.; Stewart, D.

    2009-01-01

    Chapter 4: Incident Investigation in SMS and FRMS The European Commission HILAS project (Human Integration into the Lifecycle of Aviation Systems - a project supported by the European Commission’s 6th Framework between 2005-2009) was focused on using human factors knowledge and methodology to addre

  4. Incident Investigation in SMS and FRMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stewart, S.; Koornneef, F.; Akselsson, R.; Kingston, J.; Stewart, D.

    2009-01-01

    Chapter 4: Incident Investigation in SMS and FRMS The European Commission HILAS project (Human Integration into the Lifecycle of Aviation Systems - a project supported by the European Commission’s 6th Framework between 2005-2009) was focused on using human factors knowledge and methodology to addre

  5. Relationship Between Teacher ICT Competency And Teacher Acceptance And Use Of School Management System (SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leong Mei Wei

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at examining the relationship between teacher ICT competency and teacher acceptance and use of SMS in Negeri Sembilan secondary schools in Malaysia. This is a non-experimental quantitative research using survey technique through the administration of a set of questionnaire that comprised teacher demographic variables, teacher ICT competency and teacher acceptance and use of SMS. Some 417 returned questionnaires have been analyzed. The findings showed that teachers in Negeri Sembilan secondary schools rated themselves as having high level of ICT competency, and acceptance and use of SMS. Furthermore, data indicated that there was a statistically significant moderately strong positive correlation between teacher ICT competency and teacher acceptance and use of SMS. In addition, multiple regression analysis showed that smart pedagogy, professional growth and leadership, and digital citizenship were the three teacher ICT competency dimensions that are statistically significant predictors of teacher acceptance and use of SMS. The fitness indexes of the proposed structural model do not achieve the level of fitness required for RMSEA, GFI, and Ratio Chisq/df. Thus, a re-specified structural model was established for this study.

  6. Prenatal alcohol exposure inducing the apoptosis of mossy cells in hippocampus of SMS2-/- mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lai; Wu, Lin; Wang, Xiaoqing; Deng, Jiexin; Ma, Zhanyou; Fan, Wenjuan; He, Weiya; Deng, Jinbo

    2015-11-01

    In order to understand the mechanisms of alcohol-induced neuroapoptosis through the ceramide pathway, sphingomyelin synthase 2 knockout (SMS2-/-) mice were used to make the prenatal alcohol exposure model, and the role of ceramide regulation on alcohol-induced neuroapoptosis was studied in the offspring. Initially the levels of serum sphingomyelin (SM) were detected with enzymatic method in P0 pups after alcohol exposure in parents. Then the apoptosis of mossy cells in the offspring hippocampus was investigated after prenatal alcohol exposure with immunohistochemistry and TUNEL assay. Finally the expression of activated Caspase 8 and activated Caspase 3 in the offspring hippocampus was detected with Western blot analysis. Our results showed that SM levels were down-regulated in a dose-dependent manner (palcohol exposure in wild-type (WT) and SMS2-/- pups. However, SM levels of serum in SMS2-/- pups were significantly lower than that in WT pups (palcohol-induced neuroapoptosis. In both WT pups and SMS2-/- pups, the number of apoptotic mossy cells in the hippocampus increased after prenatal alcohol exposure in a dose dependent manner (palcohol exposure, consistent with results from TUNEL assay and immunocytochemistry. Our study suggests that mossy cells may be the easily attacked cells for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), and ceramide is involved in the alcohol-induced neural apoptosis. The mechanism probably lies in the accumulated ceramide in SMS2 mice, and the increase of activated Caspase 8 and Caspase 3 promotes alcohol-induced neuroapoptosis.

  7. Lnguaj SMS: ¿cost o bnficio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Carreiras

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El empleo de abreviaciones es consustancial al lenguaje (v.g., Dr, Av, etc.. En los últimos años, la aparición del lenguaje SMS (v.g., la frase “kdmos xa cnar?” suscita preguntas sobre cómo procesamos frases con tantas palabras abreviadas. Un experimento de nuestro laboratorio muestra que el ahorro de espacio no implica necesariamente ahorro cognitivo.

  8. Étudier l'écrit SMS: Un objectif du projet sms4science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper details an international project called sms4science that aims to collect text message corpora (hereafter referred to as "SMS corpora" from across the globe for scientific research. The project already has ten participating regions, including Belgium, Réunion, Switzerland and Quebec. This article first presents the initial corpora collected from these four areas (resulting in a combined total of 116'000 text messages and the accompanying methodology. It then exposes the research possibilities related to it: the corpus-based studies pertain as much to linguistics and sociolinguistics as they do to natural language processing and statistics. A specific statistical study is thus presented here and its possible conclusions outline the differences in SMS practices between regions, notably when you consider abbreviation rate or message length. Finally, the paper delineates the project obstacles and correspondingly proposes fresh perspectives for the ongoing year (2011.

  9. Design and Implementation of SMS Extraction and Analysis System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan Yu-Yang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With more and more applications of smart phone, more and more text messages in mobile phone, and then more and more information possibly contained in text messages. How to dig out useful information form SMS? This paper discusses techniques of the SMS extraction and analysis. Taking the bank SMS as example, key information is extracted to inform, is formatted to story in APP database, and then be analysed and statistic result shown in chart. The APP with the function is run well on Android phone and has Practical value. This technology helps to expand the application of SMS.

  10. Electronic folklore among teenagers: SMS messages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvjetićanin Tijana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of ICT media made way for a new form of folklore communication. Newly developed media, such as mobile phones, make it possible for their users to participate in electronically mediated communication, thus approaching the form of oral communication. The exchange of special type of SMS text messages represents a new way of transmitting contemporary folklore short forms. These messages use poetic language, they have standard style themes, patterns and formulas, and they form different genres and categories corresponding with already existing familiar folklore forms. The communication process that happens during the exchange of these messages also has folklore’s characteristics: it takes place within small groups, the communication is informal, the texts circulate in chain style, and undergo different transformation which generates the making of variants, etc. This form of electronic folklore is especially popular among teenagers, where it’s social functions and meanings are also most emphasized. Within this population, it adds to an older tradition of children’s written folklore poetry albums. Like poetry albums, SMS exchange influences the development of girls’ gender identity, providing also a socially defined channel for contacts between the sexes. It also functions as a mechanism of socialization and stratification within the group. At the same time, it creates a new field of meaning, which derives from the very media’s novelty and significance. In this sense, the exchange of SMS represents a symbolic act of acknowledging one’s belonging to the group of mobile telephone users. In this way, a new phenomenon is being symbolically processed through a new form of folklore.

  11. Riigikogu kehtestas SMS-laenu reklaamile piirangud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Reklaamiseaduse muutmise eelnõust, mille kohaselt peab kõigis SMS-laenude reklaamides olema toodud krediidikulukuse määr ehk laenu hind. Ilmunud ka Tallinna Teataja : Nõmme ja Mustamäe 2008, märts, lk. 5 ; Tallinna Teataja : Kesklinn, Lasnamäe ja Pirita 2008, märts, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Virumaa, märts, 2008, nr. 2, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Harju- ja Raplamaa, märts, 2008, nr. 1, lk. 5.

  12. Spent mushroom substrate, SMS; ‘livestock manure’ according to the Nitrate Directive or compost?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Straatsma, G.

    2014-01-01

    SMS (Spent Mushroom Substrate) is zeer stabiel. De hoeveelheid stikstofmineralen in SMS is even laag als in andere compostmengsels en stukken lager dan in vaste bemesting. Het risico van lekken van N-mineraal van SMS is beperkt.

  13. Sms-Based Home Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paing Soe Oo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Mobile phones are widely used nowadays for different application such as wireless control and monitoring due to its availability and ease of use. The implemented system is based on global system mobile GSM network by using short message service SMS. The design mainly contains a GSM modem and Arduino Uno. In this work the system will be described how to manage and control home appliances using mobile phone people can use this system to do things in their home from a far place before they reach home. For instance user may controlmanage hisher home lighting door or water pump which needed in daily life in different area House Office or factory etc. when they are away from home. The user can check the condition in the home that light is on or off door is locked or unlocked water pump is on or off and so on. If the time taken for this appliances to perform a task is known that can also be set so that if the time elapsed the appliance will automatically switch off itself. The control is done by sending a specific SMS messages from smart phone to a SIM900 and Arduino Uno which is connected to the appliance once the message is received the SIM 900 will send the command to a microcontroller in Arduino for controlling the appliance appropriately. Also feedback status of three devices can be requested in designed system.

  14. Riigikogu kavandab SMS-laenude reguleerimist / Karin Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Karin

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Tallinna Teataja : Kesklinn, Lasnamäe, Pirita, sept., 2007, lk. 6; Tallinna Teataja : Haabersti, Kristiine, Põhja-Tallinn, sept., 2007, lk. 6; Tallinnskii Vestnik, sept., 2007, lk. 5. Tallinnskii Vestnik autorita. Riigikogu reformierakondlasest liige Taavi Rõivas saatis rahandus- ning majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministrile kirja, milles tegi ettepaneku reguleerida SMS-laenudega seonduvat. Lisa: SMS-laenude kulukus

  15. Relationship between the spatial distribution of SMS messages reporting needs and building damage in 2010 Haiti disaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbane, C.; Lemoine, G.; Kauffmann, M.

    2012-02-01

    Just 4 days after the M = 7.1 earthquake on 12 January 2010, Haitians could send SMS messages about their location and urgent needs through the on-line mapping platform Ushahidi. This real-time crowdsourcing of crisis information provided direct support to key humanitarian resources on the ground, including Search and Rescue teams. In addition to its use as a knowledge base for rescue operations and aid provision, the spatial distribution of geolocated SMS messages may represent an early indicator on the spatial distribution and on the intensity of building damage. This work explores the relationship between the spatial patterns of SMS messages and building damage. The latter is derived from the detailed damage assessment of individual buildings interpreted in post-earthquake airborne photos. The interaction between SMS messages and building damage is studied by analyzing the spatial structure of the corresponding bivariate patterns. The analysis is performed through the implementation of cross Ripley's K-function which is suitable for characterizing the spatial structure of a bivariate pattern, and more precisely the spatial relationship between two types of point sets located in the same study area. The results show a strong attraction between the patterns exhibited by SMS messages and building damages. The interactions identified between the two patterns suggest that the geolocated SMS can be used as early indicators of the spatial distribution of building damage pattern. Accordingly, a statistical model has been developed to map the distribution of building damage from the geolocated SMS pattern. The study presented in this paper is the first attempt to derive quantitative estimates on the spatial patterns of novel crowdsourced information and correlate these to established methods in damage assessment using remote sensing data. The consequences of the study findings for rapid damage detection in post-emergency contexts are discussed.

  16. Relationship between the spatial distribution of SMS messages reporting needs and building damage in 2010 Haiti disaster

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Corbane

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Just 4 days after the M = 7.1 earthquake on 12 January 2010, Haitians could send SMS messages about their location and urgent needs through the on-line mapping platform Ushahidi. This real-time crowdsourcing of crisis information provided direct support to key humanitarian resources on the ground, including Search and Rescue teams. In addition to its use as a knowledge base for rescue operations and aid provision, the spatial distribution of geolocated SMS messages may represent an early indicator on the spatial distribution and on the intensity of building damage.

    This work explores the relationship between the spatial patterns of SMS messages and building damage. The latter is derived from the detailed damage assessment of individual buildings interpreted in post-earthquake airborne photos. The interaction between SMS messages and building damage is studied by analyzing the spatial structure of the corresponding bivariate patterns.

    The analysis is performed through the implementation of cross Ripley's K-function which is suitable for characterizing the spatial structure of a bivariate pattern, and more precisely the spatial relationship between two types of point sets located in the same study area.

    The results show a strong attraction between the patterns exhibited by SMS messages and building damages. The interactions identified between the two patterns suggest that the geolocated SMS can be used as early indicators of the spatial distribution of building damage pattern. Accordingly, a statistical model has been developed to map the distribution of building damage from the geolocated SMS pattern.

    The study presented in this paper is the first attempt to derive quantitative estimates on the spatial patterns of novel crowdsourced information and correlate these to established methods in damage assessment using remote sensing data. The consequences of the study findings for rapid damage detection in

  17. Stationary SMS lenses for concentrating photovoltaics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotsidas, Panagiotis; Chatzi, Eleni; Modi, Vijay

    2010-08-01

    This paper presents a novel approach regarding the design of stationary, non imaging, refractive lenses with high acceptance angles. A lens lies on a stationary aperture and as the sun moves throughout the day, the concentrated focal spot is tracked by a moving solar cell. The purpose of this work is to replace the 2-axis tracking of the sun with internal motion of the miniaturized solar cell inside the module. We show families of linear lenses with wide acceptance angles 60. and 30. achieving moderate concentrations of 10 - 30 suns. The lens is designed with a variation of the simultaneous multiple surface (SMS) technique which is combined with a genetic algorithm to optimize the free variables of the problem.

  18. ANEKA TEKNIK PENYINGKATAN DALAM BAHASA SHORT MESSAGE SERVICE (SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Rosmiati

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to find out the formal characteristics of SMS language. The population of this research was all of the utterances discovered in SMS language discourse from 2004 up to 2008. The utterances in SMS discovered in some cellular phones in Surakarta area were used as a sample for this research. The data were collected by listening to and interviewing some informants endorsed with a noting technique. SMS messages were directly sent to some participants to validate the data. The data were analyzed by using the equivalence (padan pragmatic method to identify the forms and structures of the SMS language. The identity method was used to identify and classify lexical and grammatical aspects found in this discourse endorsed with deletion and substitution techniques. The results of the research showed that SMS language was a written discourse in the form of a dialogue between a speaker and an interlocutor making use of the facilities in cellular phones. The special characteristics of shortened words in SMS language included : (1 the omission of vowels, (2 the omission of consonants, (3 the omission of initial syllable, (4 the omission of final syllables, (5 contractions, (6 changes of diphthongs to vowels (‘monophthongization’, (7 the replacement of words by numbers, (8 the replacement of words by letters, and (9 the replacement of words by initial letters.

  19. A Low-Cost Vehicle Tracking Platform using Secure SMS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Rune Hylsberg; Aliu, Drini; Ebeid, Emad Samuel Malki

    2017-01-01

    This paper investigates the possibility of elevating SMS (Short Message Service) to support a cloud-based vehicle-tracking platform. A secure application protocol over SMS is introduced to circumvent the security issues that may succumb the SMS. We propose a cost-effective Internet of Things (IoT......) solution to countries dominated with GSM mobile infrastructure taking into close consideration technology usage and the mobile network infrastructure available. A common-off-the-shelf (COTS) IoT device such as the Raspberry Pi single board computer is depicted relying on GPS-GSM technologies envisioned...

  20. Kto zashtshitit ot grabitelskogo SMS-kredita? / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Kiirlaenudest ja nendega seonduvatest probleemidest Eestis, seaduseelnõust, mis suurendab SMS-laenu võtnute võimalusi kaitsta oma õigusi laenuandjate ees ning olukorra ohjeldamisest Rootsis ja Soomes

  1. PRESENT STATE AND THE PERSPECTIVES OF SMS MARKETING IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai COSTEA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The SMS (Short Message Service,which emerged at the beginning of the 90s as a result of the telephone services’ need for diversification, it is now used in the communication campaigns involving customized messaging, but also in general messaging campaigns sent both to the existing clients and to the potential ones. Thus, the SMS became widely used, turning into one of the most popular instruments of Mobile marketing and, soon becoming a separate concept named the SMS Marketing. Although there is the preconception that the mobile marketing and, namely, the SMS marketing is intended to be used primarily by the big corporations, which have the power and also the availability to invest substantial amounts of money in this sort of programs, the present paper intends precisely to debunk these preconceptions and, hence, to present the advantage of such marketing campaigns for the segment consisting of small and middle companies in Romania.

  2. Mobile Learning via SMS at Open University Malaysia: Equitable, Effective, and Sustainable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Lim

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This article describes Open University Malaysia’s efforts at enhancing the blended learning approach for undergraduate distance learners with the successful implementation of the Mobile Learning via SMS initiative. The pilot project was implemented in the May 2009 semester, and the January 2011 semester was its sixth consecutive semester. Aspects such as the conceptual model, the process flow of group messaging, and challenges faced, as well as effectiveness of the initiative, are discussed.

  3. Research On The Integral Distinguisher For SMS4%SMS4的积分区分器的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振民; 郑秀林; 史瑞; 马静宜

    2013-01-01

    SMS4算法是国内官方于2006年2月公布的第一个商用分组密码标准。积分攻击是一种利用平衡性的选择明文攻击。首先简明介绍了分组密码算法SMS4的结构。通过选择不同形式的特定明文来观察平衡字集的传播路径,研究了SMS4算法的四轮、五轮、六轮、七轮和八轮积分区分器,在此基础上就可以进行积分攻击。由此可知,低轮数的SMS4算法对Square攻击是不免疫的。%The SMS4 algorithm is the first commercial block cipher standard , which was announced in February, 2006.Integral attack is a kind of chosen -plaintext attacks that using balance .First of all, we concisely introduce the structure of block cipher SMS 4.By selecting the different forms of specific plaintexts , we observe the propagation paths of the balanced character sets , study the SMS4 ’ s 4 -round, 5-round, 6-round, 7-round and 8-round integral distinguisher , so based on these results we can launch the integral attacks .It can be seen that SMS 4 with low numbers of rounds was not im-mune to square attack .

  4. Identifying clinical course patterns in SMS data using cluster analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kent, Peter; Kongsted, Alice

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been interest in using the short message service (SMS or text messaging), to gather frequent information on the clinical course of individual patients. One possible role for identifying clinical course patterns is to assist in exploring clinically importa...... of cluster analysis. More research is needed, especially head-to-head studies, to identify which technique is best to use under what circumstances.......ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been interest in using the short message service (SMS or text messaging), to gather frequent information on the clinical course of individual patients. One possible role for identifying clinical course patterns is to assist in exploring clinically important...... by spline analysis. However, cluster analysis of SMS data in its original untransformed form may be simpler and offer other advantages. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether cluster analysis could be used for identifying clinical course patterns distinct from the pattern of the whole...

  5. The dynamics of the laser-induced metal-semiconductor phase transition of samarium sulfide (SmS); Die Dynamik des laserinduzierten Metall-Halbleiter-Phasenuebergangs von Samariumsulfid (SmS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaempfer, Tino

    2009-12-15

    The present thesis is dedicated to the experimental study of the metal-semiconductor phase transition of samarium sulfide (SmS): Temperature- and time-resolved experiments on the characterization of the phase transition of mixed-valence SmS samples (M-SmS) are presented. The measurement of the dynamics of the laser-induced phase transition pursues via time-resolved ultrashort-time microscopy and by X-ray diffraction with sub-picosecond time resolution. The electronic and structural processes, which follow an excitation of M-SmS with infrared femtosecond laser pulses, are physically interpreted on the base of the results obtained in this thesis and model imaginations. [German] Die vorliegende Arbeit ist der experimentellen Untersuchung des Metall-Halbleiter-Phasenuebergangs von Samariumsulfid (SmS) gewidmet. Es werden temperatur- und zeitaufgeloeste Experimente zur Charakterisierung des Phasenuebergangs gemischt-valenter SmS Proben (M-SmS) vorgestellt. Die Messung der Dynamik des laserinduzierten Phasenuebergangs erfolgt ueber zeitaufgeloeste Ultrakurzzeit-Mikroskopie und durch Roentgenbeugung mit subpikosekunden Zeitaufloesung. Die elektronischen und strukturellen Prozesse, welche einer Anregung von M-SmS mit infraroten Femtosekunden-Laserpulsen folgen, werden auf der Basis der in dieser Arbeit gewonnenen Ergebnisse und Modellvorstellungen physikalisch interpretiert. (orig.)

  6. SMS TECHNOLOGY AS DISASTER WARNING AND ALERT SYSTEM AS PERCEIVED BY SELECTED CONSTITUENTS OF DAVAO DEL NORTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mervin Jay Z. Suaybaguio

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Anchored on Davis’ (1989 Technology Acceptance Model, three hundred constituents representing the three cities and eight municipalities of Davao del Norte were randomly surveyed on their perceptions about the use of Short Message Service (SMS technology as a tool for sending disaster warning and alert messages. 145 males and 155 females answered the survey. Tagum City had the highest number of respondents (78 while the municipalities of San Isidro (8 and Talaingod (8 had the least. Results showed that SMS technology as practiced by the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council of Davao Del Norte was perceived as good by 93.83% of the respondents. With a mean of 4.17, the use of SMS was perceived as a more credible source that prompted the people to demand for timely information from the authorities. Such communication strategy as coping mechanism was meant to prepare people to brace themselves for upcoming natural calamities. However, barriers such as network problems and hoax messages hindered the transmission of disaster warnings in real time and therefore must be addressed to institutionalize the operation so that SMS technology can better serve its purpose.

  7. Attitudes and Behaviors of the Mobile Phones Users towards SMS Advertising: A Study in an Emerging Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wajeeha Aslam

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Advertisement through SMS is a commonly used medium in the era of technology. Companies are utilizing this medium of advertisement quite frequently. Rapid increase of the usage of mobile phones has developed an innovative way of utilizing this marketing tool. Due to the exponential growth in telecommunication industry after introduction of SMS and MMS, this study has been conducted to investigate the consumer attitude towards SMS advertisement and its relationship with behavior. Entertainment, irritation, product involvement and appeal were used in order to investigate the attitude of the consumer. A questionnaire was used to examine the relationships among variables of the study. Overall 350 usable responses were gathered. SEM was used to obtain the results of the overall model. Results of the study indicate that (1 product involvement, appeal and entertainment have a positive impact on attitude towards advertisement. Only irritation was found to be negatively insignificant. (2 Relationship between consumer attitude towards SMS advertising and attitude was positively significant. (3 Positive and direct relationship between attitude and consumer behavior was also found. (4 Permission appeared to be significant on consumer attitude towards mobile advertisement, which confirmed that prior permission is required to gain the positive response of the consumer. (5 Consumers are attracted by rewards therefore monetary benefits was also found to be significant.

  8. SMS-Based Learning in Tertiary Education: Achievement and Attitudinal Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Yaacov J.

    2013-01-01

    SMS delivery platforms are being increasingly used at the university level to enhance student achievement as well as traits and attitudes related to the learning process. SMS delivery provides access to learning materials without being limited by space or time and sophisticated technological advances in SMS delivery have led to enhanced learner…

  9. Samarium Monosulfide (SmS): Reviewing Properties and Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousanis, Andreas; Smet, Philippe F; Poelman, Dirk

    2017-08-16

    In this review, we give an overview of the properties and applications of samarium monosulfide, SmS, which has gained considerable interest as a switchable material. It shows a pressure-induced phase transition from the semiconducting to the metallic state by polishing, and it switches back to the semiconducting state by heating. The material also shows a magnetic transition, from the paramagnetic state to an antiferromagnetically ordered state. The switching behavior between the semiconducting and metallic states could be exploited in several applications, such as high density optical storage and memory materials, thermovoltaic devices, infrared sensors and more. We discuss the electronic, optical and magnetic properties of SmS, its switching behavior, as well as the thin film deposition techniques which have been used, such as e-beam evaporation and sputtering. Moreover, applications and possible ideas for future work on this material are presented. Our scope is to present the properties of SmS, which were mainly measured in bulk crystals, while at the same time we describe the possible deposition methods that will push the study of SmS to nanoscale dimensions, opening an intriguing range of applications for low-dimensional, pressure-induced semiconductor-metal transition compounds.

  10. Taavi Rõivas alustas kampaaniat SMS-laenude vastu / Lauri Birkan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Birkan, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Riigikogu liikme Taavi Rõivase ettepanek piirata SMS-laene või need hoopis ära kaotada tekitas laenupakkujate vastasseisu. OÜ Moneytrade juhatuse liige Andrei Kjahrenov leiab, et siis peaks ära keelama ka krediitkaardid. Rahandusministeeriumi osakonnajuhataja Lelo Liive selgitus

  11. Operational Risk Management System for SMS and FRMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stewart, S.; Koornneef, F.; Akselsson, R.

    2009-01-01

    Chapter 3: Operational Risk Management System for SMS and FRMS The European Commission HILAS project (Human Integration into the Lifecycle of Aviation Systems - a project supported by the European Commission’s 6th Framework between 2005-2009) was focused on using human factors knowledge and methodo

  12. Organisational Learning and Organisational Memory for SMS and FRMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koornneef, F.; Stewart, S.; Akselsson, R.; Ward, M.

    2009-01-01

    Chapter 1: Organisational Learning and Organisational Memory for SMS and FRMS The European Commission HILAS project (Human Integration into theLifecycle of Aviation Systems - a project supported by the European Commission’s 6th Framework between 2005-2009) was focused on using human factors knowled

  13. Organisational Learning and Organisational Memory for SMS and FRMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koornneef, F.; Stewart, S.; Akselsson, R.; Ward, M.

    2009-01-01

    Chapter 1: Organisational Learning and Organisational Memory for SMS and FRMS The European Commission HILAS project (Human Integration into theLifecycle of Aviation Systems - a project supported by the European Commission’s 6th Framework between 2005-2009) was focused on using human factors knowled

  14. Operational Risk Management System for SMS and FRMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stewart, S.; Koornneef, F.; Akselsson, R.

    2009-01-01

    Chapter 3: Operational Risk Management System for SMS and FRMS The European Commission HILAS project (Human Integration into the Lifecycle of Aviation Systems - a project supported by the European Commission’s 6th Framework between 2005-2009) was focused on using human factors knowledge and methodo

  15. SMS Still the Star of the Telecom Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    SMS continues to boom in China, as mobile phone users sent an arthritis-inducing 67.21 billion text messages during the first three months of this year. Every day, an,average of 750 million messages were tapped into handsets, sent through the ether, and!delivered to their eager recipients.

  16. Standardizing SMS Development%短信息,并非难解的局

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臻琰

    2004-01-01

    When we call SMS thumb economy, this new industrial chain has been established successfully. Then the SMS market becomes larger and larger, which makes it more attractive for many carriers and providers.Many enterprises participate in SMS market. Among them some enterprises may use nonstandard operating method to make profit as much as they can, which violates the interests of other participators and customers. In the condition, the official document to standardizing SMS market and its development is released by Mll,which is expected to solve successfully those existing problems during the SMS development.

  17. Impact on hydrogenation catalytic cycle of the R groups' cyclic feature in "R-SMS-Phos".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zupancic, Borut; Mohar, Barbara; Stephan, Michel

    2010-07-02

    A series of R-SMS-Phos ligands was evaluated in the Rh(I)-catalyzed hydrogenation of a set of olefins showing a marked influence of the cyclic nature and structure of the R groups. Overall, cPen- and Cy-SMS-Phos performed efficiently, while Ph- and Bn-SMS-Phos exhibited slower kinetics and furnished lower ee's also compared with C(6)F(5)CH(2)-SMS-Phos. The Rh(I)-(Cy-SMS-Phos) catalyst was screened under mild conditions displaying excellent enantioselectivities and high TOFs. Cases of catalysis under catalyst or substrate control were identified.

  18. LEARNING VOCABULARY ON THE MOVE: YOU HAVE AN SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YILDIZ TURGUT

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the use of SMS technique –a part of Mobile Technology- in the potential of learning new English words. The study was carried out for a week with 60 students with low SES in Turkey. A control and an experimental group –each consists of 30 students- were formed from the prep class students attending to ELT department at a university. While the control group were expected to learn the new words by classical techniques, the new words were sent to the experimental group as short messages. Both quantitative data analysis and qualitative survey data show that at the end of the study, there is a significant difference in favor of experimental group. Implications indicate that SMS can be used to teach vocabulary to digital natives providing motivation and promoting the regular study with push effect.

  19. Calcitonin, as SMS 201-995, ameliorates the VIPoma syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonelli, A; Gambuzza, C; Bertoni, F; Baschieri, L

    1993-01-01

    A 72-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for diarrhea, abdominal and back pain, weight loss, low serum potassium level. Pathological findings and high circulating Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) levels allowed us to diagnose "VIPoma syndrome". The patient underwent a treatment with SMS 201-995 with improvement of symptomatology and reduction of circulating VIP levels. After a wash-out period the patient was treated with salmon calcitonin with a net improvement of diarrhea, normalization of potassium serum level and reduction of VIP level. The symptomatology recurred after calcitonin withdrawal. These data confirm the effectiveness of SMS 201-995 in the VIPoma syndrome and suggest that calcitonin may ameliorate symptomatology and reduce circulating VIP level in patients with VIPoma tumor.

  20. Mobile Learning Via SMS Among Distance Learners: Does Learning Transfer Occur?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aznarahayu Ramli

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine whether learners are willing to transfer learning in this mobile learning environment via SMS. The reason for this is to measure the effectiveness of the new method used in learning and education especially in distance education field. For this reason, students’ responses are gathered which looked at three factors namely learner characteristic, learning design and learning environment. The data are gathered through a survey research design with questionnaires using five-point likert scale. The questionnaires was administered for 105 distance education students from four courses including Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Social Science and Bachelor of Management. The Rasch Model Analysis was used to measure these dimensions. Rasch Model is a one-parameter logistic model within item response theory (IRT whereby the amount of a given latent trait in a person and the amount of that same latent trait reflected in various items can be estimated independently yet still compared explicitly to one another. The result of the study showed that learning transfer occurred and being influenced most by learner’s characteristics especially in term of their motivation as well as their perceive utility/value of the SMS learning to their job and academic performances.

  1. Teaching L2 vocabulary through SMS language: some didactic guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    López Rúa, Paula

    2007-01-01

    This article focuses on texting or SMS language, which is nowadays the most popular means of communication for a whole generation of mobile phone users. The introductory section comprises a parameter-based description of texting and a brief explanation of the features shared with other modalities of text-based electronic communication, after which the article provides an overview of the linguistic peculiarities of the system, i.e. its shortening mechanisms. It is suggested that an incursion i...

  2. Mobilisering via SMS til Europaparlamentsvalget 25. maj 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhatti, Yosef; Dahlgaard, Jens Olav; Hansen, Jonas Hedegaard;

    effektiv til at nå mange personer på en gang, gør den potentielt attraktiv med henblik på at mobilisere borgerne til at stemme. I forbindelse med Europa-Parlamentsvalget 25. maj 2014 i Danmark blev der sendt SMS-opfordringer til at stemme ud til unge i aldersgruppen mellem 18 og 29 år (begge inkl...

  3. RANCANGAN SISTEM KEAMANAN RUMAH BURUNG WALET BERBASIS MOTION DETECTION DAN SMS GATEWAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aisyatul Karima

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Peternakan burung walet merupakan bisnis usaha yang banyak diminati dikarenakan mempunyai nilai jual tinggi. Kasus pencurian sarang burung walet banyak ditemukan beberapa tahun belakangan ini yang menyebabkan keresahan para pemilik usaha tersebut. Mereka mengeluhkan sulitnya melakukan kontrol terhadap rumah sarang burung walet dikarenakan umumnya lokasi peternakan merupakan daerah yang jauh dari jangkauan pengaruh kemajuan teknologi dan perkembangan masyarakat. Sistem keamanan ruangan yang ada, masih memiliki beberapa kelemahan. Diantaranya aplikasi sistem keamanan tersebut belum mampu diakses user dengan autentikasi melalui web based application yang berbentuk aplikasi web via internet, serta belum mampu mengidentifikasi image pemilik rumah maupun orang terpercaya lainnya, sehingga semua orang yang masuk ruangan tersebut masih dideteksi sebagai pelaku kejahatan. Selain itu, sistem keamanan tersebut masih memanfaatkan teknologi MMS gateway yang memiliki keterbatasan pada pengiriman plaintext dan kompatibilitas perangkat. Berdasarkan latar belakang masalah tersebut, penulis mencoba mengoptimasi sistem keamanan rumah burung walet menggunakan perangkat keamanan berbasis motion detection yang mampu diakses user dengan autentikasi melalui web based application, serta mengembangkan sistem keamanan yang mampu mengidentifikasi image pemilik rumah maupun orang terpercaya lainnya dengan memanfaatkan teknologi SMS gateway.Metode pengembangan sistem yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode SDLC (System Development Life Cycle dengan model linier yang berurutan mencakup analisis masalah, konstruksi, testing, implementasi dan evaluasi. Adapun untuk testing yang digunakan adalah black box testing. Kata Kunci: Sistem keamanan, motion detection, SMS gateway.

  4. Rancang Bangun Sistem Informasi Pelayanan Kesehatan Berbasis Customer Relationship Management Menggunakan Teknologi Short Message Service (SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trismianto Asmo Sutrisno Sutrisno

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there are many hospitals as the health-care services choose to use the concept of Customer Relationship Management (CRM to build the trust bridges between the hospitals and their patients. The implementation of CRM in health caring, especially for pregnant women needs to do; such as the delivery of information related to the pregnant women to get antenatal care as the scheduled or pregnant women desire to obtain information dealing with their pregnancy. The irrelevant, slow and inaccurate information can cause the health care services given to the patients are not optimal, so that they can reduce patients’ loyalty toward the health-care services. This research resulted health care information system based on Customer Relationship Management using Short Message Service (SMS technology with case study of health care for pregnant women. The resulted information system is produced by the System Development Life Cycle methodology using the Waterfall model. One of the features produced is the pregnant women will receive a confirmation SMS to obtain antenatal care with a schedule until 28 weeks of their pregnancy check up every four weeks, 28-36 weeks of their pregnancy check up every two weeks, and 36-40 weeks of their pregnancy check up once a week.   Keywords: Pregnant Women, Antenatal Care, Customer Relationship Management, Short Message Service

  5. STS-30 crewmembers pose for informal portrait on JSC FB-SMS middeck

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    STS-30 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, crewmembers pause briefly from their training schedule to pose for informal portrait in JSC fixed base (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS). On FB-SMS middeck are (left to right) Commander David M. Walker, Mission Specialist (MS) Mark C. Lee, MS Mary L. Cleave, Pilot Ronald J. Grabe, and MS Norman E. Thagard. FB-SMS is located in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  6. First Case Report of Smith–Magenis Syndrome (SMS) Among the Arab Community in Nazareth

    OpenAIRE

    Nijim, Yousif; Adawi, Amin; Bisharat, Bishara; Bowirrat, Abdalla

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Smith–Magenis syndrome (SMS0) is a complex and rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by a variable pattern of cognitive deficits accompanied by a1 distinctive behavioral phenotype. SMS is characterized by subtle facial dysmorphology, short stature, sleep disturbances, and neurobehavioral abnormalities. Little is known about the manifestation of his unique case among Arab population and its strategic treatment. This study comes to present a case of SMS in an Arab newborn mal...

  7. Laenusaaja õiguste kaitse SMS-laenu lepingute puhul / Kalev Saare, Karin Sein, Mari Ann Simovart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saare, Kalev, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    SMS-laenu lepingutele kohaldatavad normid, laenuandja teavitamiskohustus ja tarbija võimalused lepingust taganeda. Laenuandja intressi-, viivise- ja leppetrahvinõuded, intressikokkuleppe lubatavuse piirangud

  8. Laenusaaja õiguste kaitse SMS-laenu lepingute puhul / Kalev Saare, Karin Sein, Mari Ann Simovart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saare, Kalev, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    SMS-laenu lepingutele kohaldatavad normid, laenuandja teavitamiskohustus ja tarbija võimalused lepingust taganeda. Laenuandja intressi-, viivise- ja leppetrahvinõuded, intressikokkuleppe lubatavuse piirangud

  9. Prototipe sistem peringatan dini berbasis SMS untuk mendeteksi kenaikan kadar gas amoniak di pengolahan air limbah industri penyamakan kulit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Pradana Arsitika

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to produce prototype of an early warning system based on SMS for detection the rising level of ammonia gas in wastewater treatment of leather tanning industry. The systems consist of three parts, those were data input, data processing, and output. Ammonia gas sensor as a detector that produces an analog Direct Current (DC voltage. Analog to Digital Converter (ADC pin on the microcontroller received an analog DC voltage to be processed. ADC readings done through the Liquid Crystal Display (LCD while the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM modem was used to send Short Massage Service (SMS. This early warning system worked by determining a threshold value. SMS would be sent to hand phone number of job holder, if the ADC value exceeded the specified threshold value. Result obtained was the ammonia gas sensor model are MQ137 based on SnO , Arduino Uno as 2 microcontroller module based on Atmega 328P microcontroller, and General Packet Radio Service (GPRS Shield as GSM modem that compatible with the Arduino Uno R3 pin.

  10. Short Message Service (SMS) Security Solution for Mobile Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    tunnels, the SMS messages are stored unencrypted at the SMSC. This means that employees of SMSC operators, or others who can hack into the system... hacks against smart cards are available, extraction of 13 information directly from the card is generally difficult and it requires physical access to...GPRS Class B / Multi-slot Class10 Bluetooth v2.0 compliant, WiFi IEEE802.11b Camera Built-in 2.0 Mega Pixels, up to 1600 x 1200 resolution

  11. Pengaruh Knowledge Management Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan: Studi Empiris Pada PT. SMS Kabupaten Kotawaringin Timur [The Influence of Knowledge Management toward Employee Performance: An Empirical Study at PT. SMS Korawaringin Timur District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desi Putri Wijayanti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the influence of personal knowledge, job procedures, and technology on employee’s performance in PT. SMS. The analytical method used in this research is multiple linear regression analysis. Samples of this research are 60 employees of PT. SMS. The results of this research indicate that personal knowledge and job procedure has influence on the performance of employees at PT. SMS. While technology has a positive effect it is not significant to employees performance in PT. SMS. BAHASA INDONESIA ABSTRAK:  Penelitian ini melakukan pengujian pada pengaruh personal knowledge, job procedures, dan teknologi pada kinerja karyawan PT. SMS. Metode analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah multiple linear regression analysis. Sample penelitian adalah 60 orang karyawan PT. SMS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa personal knowledge dan job procedure memiliki pengaruh signifikan pada kinerja karyawan di PT. SMS. Pemanfaatan teknologi memiliki pengaruh positif namun tidak signifikan pada kinerja karyawan PT. SMS.

  12. SELF INITIATED SMS/MMS ENABLED HOME SECURITY SYSTEM (SISME-HSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NEHA SINGH,

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We present an experimental model of self initiated SMS/MMS enabled surveillance system for maintaining security at home (SISME-HSS. The project features a web camera, installed in house premises, which is operated by an advanced information and communication system based on Internet, Java programming, Scheduler modelling and mobile phone mentoring. The web camera sensors are connected within house and software module is designed to be devoted to analyze the signals which are generated by it. The camera detects motion of any intruder in front of the camera dimensions. The software module communicates to the intended user either via Internet network, or via mobile services. This system is designed to be a powerful information and security tool for residence as well as office premises.

  13. ANDROID BASED HUMAN MONITORING AND IMAGE TRACKING WITH SMS ALERT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D KeranaHanirex

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The security of one\\'s belongings once an individual leaves his/her home is invariably a priority with increasing range of incidents of thieving, theft etc. several automatic systems has been developed that informs the owner in a very remote location concerning any intrusion or arrange to intrude within the house. 8051 has been extensively employed in past comes. However, this paper appearance into the event of associate humanoid application that interprets the message a mobile device receives on attainable intrusion associated afterwards a reply (Short Message Service SMS that triggers an alarm/buzzer within the remote house creating others awake to the attainable intrusion.In the EXISTING SYSTEM M2M style used computer as terminal User rather than microcontroller. AT commands, a decrypt module that decodes the text message. In planned SYSTEM, Home Security is enforced. If any interrupt happens, instantly it\\'s detected and controller communicates to the humanoid Phone via SMS. The system can watch for the reply from the mobile user for a few amount of your time to trigger the buzzer, if there was no reply then system can mechanically trigger buzzer. within the MODIFICATION section of the project, digital camera is connected to trace the Person and therefore the image is hold on within the server, so humanoid user will see the photographs from their mobile.

  14. Aplikasi Android Pengendali Pintu Otomatis Melalui Media SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indra Aditia

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Maraknya tindak kejahatan yang dilakukan pada zaman sekarang membuat resah semua kalangan masyrakat. Salah satu tindak kejahatan yang sangat populer adalah pencurian yang dilakukan dengan cara memaksa masuk ke rumah. Kejahatan seperti ini tidak sepenuhnya terjadi karena niat jahat melainkan dapat terjadi karena kelalaian pemilik rumah yang lupa untuk mengunci pintu ataupun kurangnya keamanan yang dipasang dalam suatu rumah. Oleh karena itu dibuatlah sebuah aplikasi yang dapat membantu memonitoring keadaan pintu, mengunci atau membuka pintu jarak jauh dan memberikan notifikasi bila ada pembobolan yaitu Aplikasi Pengendali Pintu Otomatis (APPO. APPO adalah aplikasi perangkat lunak yang digunakan untuk mengontrol Doors Control System (DCS. Pembuataan aplikasi ini dengan menggunakan bahasa java dengan Eclipse. APPO ini akan menggunakan SMS sebagai pengiriman data dengan DCS. APPO akan mengirimkan SMS perintah dan mengartikan balasan yang diberkan oleh DCS dalam tampilan yang mudah dipahami oleh pengguna. Hasil dari pembuatan Aplikasi Pengendali Pintu Otomatis ini adalah terwujudnya aplikasi yang dapat berkomunikasi dengan Sistem Pengendali Pintu yang telah terpasang pada pintu yang ditentukan. Aplikasi ini dapat melalukan control pintu dari jarak yang jauh untuk mengunci, membuka kunci pintu, mengecek status pintu dan memberikan alarm bila ada pembobolan.

  15. 78 FR 66420 - Proposed Enhancements to the Motor Carrier Safety Measurement System (SMS) Public Web Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... System (SMS) Public Web Site AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION... enhancements to the display of information on the Agency's Safety Measurement System (SMS) public Web site... and Fitness Electronic Records System (SAFER) Web site. Displaying current insurance and authority...

  16. 78 FR 76391 - Proposed Enhancements to the Motor Carrier Safety Measurement System (SMS) Public Web Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... System (SMS) Public Web Site AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION... Safety Measurement System (SMS) public Web site. On December 6, 2013, Advocates ] for Highway and Auto... Management System Number FMCSA-2013-0392 by any of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: http...

  17. STS-37 Mission Specialist (MS) Ross during simulation in JSC's FB-SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-37 Mission Specialist (MS) Jerry L. Ross 'borrows' the pilots station to rehearse some of his scheduled duties for his upcoming mission. He is on the flight deck of the fixed-based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) during this unsuited simulation. The SMS is part of JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  18. SMS-kampaaniast saadud tuluga saab katta hinnalise auhinnalaua / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Suur osa Eestis läbi viidavatest kampaaniatest on SMS-kampaaniad, mille viiekrooniselt sõnumihinnalt teenib ettevõte endale 2-2,5 krooni, millega saab kompenseerida pea kogu auhinnalaua. Skeem: SMS-kampaania ja postikampaania võrdlus

  19. The long-acting somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 causes malabsorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Witt, K; Pedersen, N T

    1989-01-01

    Somatostatin and its long-acting analogue SMS 201-995 (Sandostatin) have been suspected of causing steatorrhoea. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of SMS 201-995 on fat assimilation in healthy subjects, using 14C-triolein and 3H-oleic acid as tracers of dietary triglycerides and free...

  20. Excessive grooming induced by somatostatin or its analog SMS 201-995

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wimersma Greidanus, T.B. van; Maigret, C.; Krechting, B.

    1987-01-01

    Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of somatostatin or SMS 201-995 induces excessive grooming behavior in rats. The grooming inducing effect of somatostatin is rather weak, as doses of 300 ng or less did not result in increased total grooming scores. In contrast a dose of 10 ng SMS 201-9

  1. Short Message Service (SMS) Language and Written Language Skills: Educators' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geertsema, Salomé; Hyman, Charene; van Deventer, Chantelle

    2011-01-01

    SMS language is English language slang, used as a means of mobile phone text messaging. This practice may impact on the written language skills of learners at school. The main aim of this study was to determine the perspectives of Grade 8 and 9 English (as Home Language) educators in Gauteng regarding the possible influence of SMS language on…

  2. Short Message Service (SMS) Technology in Alcohol Research-A Feasibility Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuntsche, E.N.; Robert, B.

    2009-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the feasibility, advantages and limitations of the combined use of Internet and SMS technology to assess alcohol use, and to test whether an SMS sent in the evening (i.e. prior to a possible drinking event) changed the respondents' assessment, made on the

  3. Sphingomyelin synthase SMS2 displays dual activity as ceramide phosphoethanolamine synthase[S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ternes, Philipp; Brouwers, Jos F. H. M.; van den Dikkenberg, Joep; Holthuis, Joost C. M.

    2009-01-01

    Sphingolipids are vital components of eukaryotic membranes involved in the regulation of cell growth, death, intracellular trafficking, and the barrier function of the plasma membrane (PM). While sphingomyelin (SM) is the major sphingolipid in mammals, previous studies indicate that mammalian cells also produce the SM analog ceramide phosphoethanolamine (CPE). Little is known about the biological role of CPE or the enzyme(s) responsible for CPE biosynthesis. SM production is mediated by the SM synthases SMS1 in the Golgi and SMS2 at the PM, while a closely related enzyme, SMSr, has an unknown biochemical function. We now demonstrate that SMS family members display striking differences in substrate specificity, with SMS1 and SMSr being monofunctional enzymes with SM and CPE synthase activity, respectively, and SMS2 acting as a bifunctional enzyme with both SM and CPE synthase activity. In agreement with the PM residency of SMS2, we show that both SM and CPE synthase activities are enhanced at the surface of SMS2-overexpressing HeLa cells. Our findings reveal an unexpected diversity in substrate specificity among SMS family members that should enable the design of specific inhibitors to target the biological role of each enzyme individually. PMID:19454763

  4. Symbolic Capital in a Virtual Heterosexual Market: Abbreviation and Insertion in Italian iTV SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Susan C.; Zelenkauskaite, Asta

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes gender variation in nonstandard typography--specifically, abbreviations and insertions--in mobile phone text messages (SMS) posted to a public Italian interactive television (iTV) program. All broadcast SMS were collected for a period of 2 days from the Web archive for the iTV program, and the frequency and distribution of…

  5. Symbolic Capital in a Virtual Heterosexual Market: Abbreviation and Insertion in Italian iTV SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Susan C.; Zelenkauskaite, Asta

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes gender variation in nonstandard typography--specifically, abbreviations and insertions--in mobile phone text messages (SMS) posted to a public Italian interactive television (iTV) program. All broadcast SMS were collected for a period of 2 days from the Web archive for the iTV program, and the frequency and distribution of…

  6. Short Message Service (SMS) Technology in Alcohol Research-A Feasibility Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuntsche, E.N.; Robert, B.

    2009-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the feasibility, advantages and limitations of the combined use of Internet and SMS technology to assess alcohol use, and to test whether an SMS sent in the evening (i.e. prior to a possible drinking event) changed the respondents' assessment, made on the f

  7. SMS marketing: It's place in mobile commerce and opportunity in the South African market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frik Jansen van Ryssen

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates Short Message Service (SMS Marketing's place in the world of mobile commerce (m-commerce. The article also investigates the opportunity that SMS Marketing presents in the South African market. The article indicates a couple of clear guidelines and implications for marketers on how to approach the challenge presented by technological advances that allowed this new trend of mass- and personalised marketing messages via SMS. Advances in the m-commerce field are predicted, and an indication of the proposed target market is provided. Of these devices, the cellphone is the most relevant to the article, because it is the main vehicle through with SMS's are sent and received. It is concluded that SMS Marketing requires a great amount of investigation by every marketer and that continuous monitoring will be required in order for companies not to fall behind or be caught napping by competitors.

  8. Use of SMS to support parents who experience violence from their adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Jo; Friend, Denise; Parker, Trish; Streker, Garry

    2010-01-01

    This study explores the use of the short messaging service (SMS) to support parents who experience violence from their adolescent. The parents participated in the Inner South Community Health Service (ISCHS) Who's the Boss program, an 8-week parent psycho-educational program for parents abused by their adolescents. An ISCHS counsellor, Andrew Compton, was interested in exploring the benefits of SMS technology and how text messages could be used to support women who had experienced family violence. We decided to pilot the use of SMS with group participants of Who's the Boss who were interested in this 'value-added' strategy. This pilot used SMS technology to reinforce behavioural strategies that had been learnt in the groups to support parents in self-care. The project involved 19 consumers (through focus groups) to design the SMS messages that would most benefit them, decide how often and when they would be sent and evaluate their usefulness in supporting them to take a stand against their adolescent's abuse and violence in the home. Safety concerns were also explored with all participants before the commencement of the project. The project findings demonstrated that SMS messages were useful and supported parents to make changes and address their adolescent's abuse and violence. The use of SMS has applicability to a range of therapeutic programs including parenting programs, anxiety and depression programs and family violence programs. An extensive risk assessment must be undertaken ifthe use of SMS is to be considered to support women who have left violent partners to ascertain the safety of women and the likelihood that their partners may have access to their mobile phones. Women with violent partners are most at risk at the point of, or immediately following, separation and the use of SMS may in fact severely compromise the safety of these women. For this reason, SMS may not be appropriate in the support of women who have experienced family violence where there

  9. Elforbrug på e-mail & sms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ellen Tove; Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Grønhøj, Alice

    suppliers should focus on feedback about metering and billing as a service, which in the first place supports households' wish to sustain themselves. In the second place, this feedback also brings energy consumption issues more to the foreground, improves general energy literacy, and plays a role......This qualitative study of customer demand for online feedback on electricity consumption in private households in Denmark is a follow-up on an experimental study where SMS and e-mail notification were tested as media for giving feedback to private households about electricity consumption (the...... Feedback Project: 'Dansk Energi, Projekt nr. 338-020', http://feedback.noe.dk, reported in Kibsgaard 2008; Junge 2008). The main finding in this follow-up study is that customers demand knowledge about their electricity consumption independent of their attitude towards electricity conservation. We find...

  10. Lezioni di Fisica con il cellulare e gli SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Piccione

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available La mancanza di dotazioni tecnologiche nelle scuole diventa ancora più significativa quando è alta la componente di allievi che già soffrono dei limiti legati alla provenienza da situazioni economicamente disagiate e culturalmente deprivate. Per fare fronte a tali limiti, ho messo a punto nelle classi prime di un Istituto Professionale alcune attività volte a utilizzare risorse senza costi aggiuntivi per la scuola e per gli studenti. L’approccio seguito prevede l’uso dei telefoni cellulari come strumenti didattici, che si rivelano anche una utile interfaccia per accedere con gli SMS ad applicazioni gratuite disponibili in rete. In questo lavoro presento alcune pratiche di classe che ho adottato per l’introduzione delle grandezze fisiche.

  11. A SMS-like language analyzer for Spanish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Maria Gomez Hidalgo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The usage of specific language codes and chat and SMS-like messages is a major trend in electronic communications. This fact makes Natrual Language Processing quite hard, even at the simplest step fo text message tokenization, due to the widespread usage of non-alphanumeric symbols, frequent typos and non-standard word separators. In this work we present a new approach for text message tokenization, specific for the Spanish language as used in Social Networks and in electronic communications. Our system has been integrated in a more general application for age-detection in Social Networks developed in the research and development project WENDY, and it has been quantitatively evaluated both in a direct fashion, and indirectly by its impact on the genearl age-detection application, showing very promising results.

  12. Development of a scale to measure problem use of short message service: the SMS Problem Use Diagnostic Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutland, J Brian; Sheets, Tilman; Young, Tony

    2007-12-01

    This exploratory study examines a subset of mobile phone use, the compulsive use of short message service (SMS) text messaging. A measure of SMS use, the SMS Problem Use Diagnostic Questionnaire (SMS-PUDQ), was developed and found to possess acceptable reliability and validity when compared to other measures such as self-reports of time spent using SMS and scores on a survey of problem mobile phone use. Implications for the field of addiction research, technological and behavioral addictions in particular, are discussed, and directions for future research are suggested.

  13. Analysis of key factors influencing SMS usage to participate in television programmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Ruiz Mafé

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available SMS sent in response to programmes, advertising and television competitions are currently an important source of income for mobile phone operators, television chains and producers. This present work aims to analyse the role of the attitude and individual-media variables which encourage televiewers to use this messaging service to participate in television programmes. The study was carried out on a sample of 205 SMS users. The results show that individual compatibility with the service, the perceived entertainment value of participating in this type of programme and attitude towards use are determinants of SMS use.

  14. Impact of Mother-Infant Pair Clinics and Short-Text Messaging Service (SMS) Reminders on Retention of HIV-Infected Women and HIV-Exposed Infants in eMTCT Care in Malawi: A Cluster Randomized Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mwapasa, Victor; Joseph, Jessica; Tchereni, Timothy; Jousset, Aurelie; Gunda, Andrews

    2017-06-01

    Poor retention of mothers and HIV-exposed infants (HEIs) in HIV care threatens efforts to eliminate pediatric HIV. Novel strategies are required to address this challenge. We compared 12-month maternal and HEI postpartum retention in health facilities implementing the following HIV care delivery models: integrated HIV and maternal, neonatal, and child health services [mother-infant pair (MIP) clinics], MIP clinics plus short-text messaging service (SMS) reminders to prevent default (MIP + SMS), and standard of care (SOC). From May 2013 to August 2016, a cluster randomized trial was conducted in rural Malawi, which randomized 30 health facilities to the 3 service delivery models. HIV+ pregnant women and HEIs were enrolled and followed up to monitor compliance with prescheduled visits and retention. Log binomial regression, using generalized estimated equation, was used to assess the impact of the models on retention. The trial enrolled 461, 493, and 396 HIV+ pregnant women and 386, 399, and 300 HEIs into the MIP, MIP + SMS, and SOC arms, respectively. Compared with the 12-month maternal retention rate in the SOC arm (22.2%), the rates were similar in the MIP arm [19.3%, risk ratio (RR): 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.56 to 1.30] and in the MIP + SMS arm (24.9%, RR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.87 to 1.35). Compared with the 12-month infant retention rate in the SOC arm (9.8%), the rates were similar in the MIP arm (8.0%, RR: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.31 to 2.58) and in the MIP + SMS arm (19.5%, RR: 1.40, 95% CI: 0.85 to 2.31). MIP and MIP + SMS service delivery models were ineffective in improving maternal and infant retention in rural Malawi.

  15. VIRTUAL WEB PROMOSI DAN RESERVASI HOTEL BERBASIS WEB DAN VIA SMS PADA HOTEL DIAMOND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Setiawan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Web and SMS is a new development that is useful for many people as a data exchange media. In the business world, especially for marketing use, by using those two media business can be performed globally so that informations are fast and easily spread all over the world. From this problem born an idea to promote Diamond Hotel by using web and a facility to reserve room using SMS. This Application was created by using VB 6 language and using AT command to communicate with cellphone. Meanwhile, data that flow between system and cellphone are in the form of Protocol Data Unit. System had been tested by sending SMS request from a cellphone and system sent back SMS response as requested by user.

  16. SMS-lõksu on lasknud üles seada Ansipi lausliberaalne valitsus / Edgar Savisaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savisaar, Edgar, 1950-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vesti Dnja 3. juuni lk. 6. Keskerakonna esimees ja Tallinna linnapea kirjutab SMS-laenudest, leides, et riik ei tohi laenuohvreid jätta üksi, pidades seda tõsiseks poliitiliseks küsimuseks

  17. Maksuamet käivitab viina maksumärgi SMS-kontrolli / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 14. veebr. lk. 3. Maksuamet käivitab alkoholi maksumärkide kontrolliks SMS-süsteemi, mille abil saab ostja juba poes kontrollida kauba ehtsust. Diagramm: Alkoholiaktsiisi laekumine kasvab

  18. The use of GPS and SMS data in illuminating the Mobility of Families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinau, Kristian Hegner; Harder, Henrik

    This paper explores the advantages and disadvantages of combining data from GPS units and SMS's from mobile phones, when exploring the mobility of families. Building on experiences from a research project aimed at investigating the mobility of approximately 50 families in Copenhagen, the capital...... of Denmark, this paper adds to our knowledge about how quantitative information about trips gathered from GPS units and qualitative information from SMS's sent by the respondents describing their experiences of their trips, can be combined. It is argued, that SMS's holds the advantage, that they are able...... to capture the feelings of the respondents "here and now" while they are on a trip. Therefore data on mobility collected this way holds certain advantages compared to for example data on mobility gathered through questionnaires. On the other hand, the use of SMS data also poses certain challenges...

  19. STS-49 crew in JSC's FB Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS) during simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    STS-49 Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105, crewmembers participate in a simulation in JSC's Fixed Base (FB) Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS) located in the Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. Wearing launch and entry suits (LESs) and launch and entry helmets (LEH) and seated on the FB-SMS middeck are (left to right) Mission Specialist (MS) Thomas D. Akers, MS Kathryn C. Thornton, and MS Pierre J. Thuot.

  20. Temperature-calibrated fiber-optic refractometer based on a compact FBG-SMS structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiangzhou Rong; Xueguang Qiao; Tuan Guo; Ruohui Wang; Jing Zhang; Manli Hu; Zhongyao Feng; Yinyan Weng; Yue Ma

    2012-01-01

    A novel all-fiber temperature-calibrated refractometer based on a compact fiber Bragg grating (FBG)single-multi-single (SMS) structure is proposed and experimentally demonstrated.The sensor head is composed of a FBG combined with a SMS structure,in which the middle multimode fiber (MMF) section is etched by a time-controlled hydrofluoric.The transmission dip of SMS is extremely sensitive to ambient refractive index (RI) variation,whereas the upstream FBG provides the necessary temperature information for RI calibration. All aforementioned functions are performed via a compact FBG-SMS structure not longer than 25 mm.The proposed sensing device provides a linear RI sensitivity over water or water-based solutions (RI values near 1.33 at optical wavelengths for most biological and many environmental applications),and has temperature-calibration capability.Hence,the said refractometer is agood candidate for sensing in chemical and biological applications.%A novel all-fiber temperature-calibrated refractometer based on a compact fiber Bragg grating (FBG) single-multi-single (SMS) structure is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensor head is composed of a FBG combined with a SMS structure, in which the middle multimode fiber (MMF) section is etched by a time-controlled hydrofluoric. The transmission dip of SMS is extremely sensitive to ambient refractive index (RI) variation, whereas the upstream FBG provides the necessary temperature information for RI calibration. All aforementioned functions are performed via a compact FBG-SMS structure not longer than 25 mm. The proposed sensing device provides a linear RI sensitivity over water or water-based solutions (RI values near 1.33 at optical wavelengths for most biological and many environmental applications), and has temperature-calibration capability, Hence, the said refractometer is a good candidate for sensing in chemical and biological applications.

  1. STS-48 MS Gemar uses laptop during training session in JSC's MB SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-48 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Mission Specialist (MS) Charles D. Gemar, wearing lightweight headset, enters data into a portable laptop computer on the middeck of JSC's Motion Based (MB) Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS). Gemar is participating in a preflight familiarization session in the MB-SMS located in the Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. Visible to Gemar's right is a stowed extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) and on his left are forward locker mockups.

  2. Effectiveness of mobile-phone short message service (SMS reminders for ophthalmology outpatient appointments: Observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Car Josip

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Non-attendance for hospital outpatient appointments is a significant problem in many countries. It causes suboptimal use of clinical and administrative staff and financial losses, as well as longer waiting times. The use of Short Message Service (SMS appointment reminders potentially offers a cost-effective and time-efficient strategy to decrease non-attendance and so improve the efficiency of outpatient healthcare delivery. Methods An SMS text message was sent to patients with scheduled appointments between April and September 2006 in a hospital ophthalmology department in London, reminding them of their appointments. This group acted as the intervention group. Controls were patients with scheduled ophthalmology appointments who did not receive an SMS or any alternative reminder. Results During the period of the study, 11.2% (50/447 of patients who received an SMS appointment reminder were non-attenders, compared to 18.1% (1720/9512 who did not receive an SMS reminder. Non-attendance rates were 38% lower in patients who received an SMS reminder than in patients who did not receive a reminder (RR of non-attendance = 0.62; 95% CI = 0.48 – 0.80. Conclusion The use of SMS reminders for ophthalmology outpatient appointments was associated with a reduction of 38% in the likelihood of patients not attending their appointments, compared to no appointment reminder. The use of SMS reminders may also be more cost-effective than traditional appointment reminders and require less labour. These findings should be confirmed with a more rigorous study design before a wider roll-out.

  3. Sistem kontrol inventori pemasokan barang Secara Real Time Menggunakan Vendor-Managed Inventory (VMI dan Short Message Service (SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinaldo Turang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This research underlines the urgency of real-time stock replenishment control system for distributors using vendor-managed inventory. It is valuable in improving corporate performance in lowering inventory cost as well as making better customer service due to the cut made in ordering cycle. The system produces real-time information on stock available at the retailing stores. Stock replenishment can then be done by the distributor at the right time. Using Short Message Service (SMS as a one-way information channel from retailers to their distributor, the data of every transaction of the supervised item are processed by a rule-based forward-chaining inference system to determine the item’s availability in stores. Folowing steps in Rapid Application Development (RAD, the construction of this system takes place through business modeling, data modeling, process modeling of VMI system, then the application is generated and tested as a prototype. The results are: the stock replenishment control system are able to make transactional data at the stores transparent to the distributor, facilitating the continuation in stock delivery. System architecture reduces the time needed to access information about sales on supervised item by using SMS shortcut. This control system developed in stores can be operationally independent from the retailing systems. Rule-based forward-chaining inference technique processes facts on stock variations, resulting in stock replenishment notification such as normal, reserve, and depleted warning. Keywords: VMI, inventory; Stock replenishment; Rule-based reasoning; Forward-chaining system, RAD

  4. Manipulative Use of Short Messaging Service (SMS Text Messages by Nigerian Telecommunications Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayoola, Kehinde A.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an application of Relevance Theory for the interpretation of short messaging service (SMS text messages emanating from Nigerian telecommunications companies to their subscribers. The aim of the research was to identify and describe the manipulative strategies employed by Nigerian telecommunications companies to induce subscribers to part with their money through sales promotion lotteries. 100 SMS texts were purposively extracted from the cell phones of randomly selected residents of Lagos Nigeria who had received promotional SMS text messages from three major Nigerian telecommunications companies. Using Sperber and Wilson's Relevance Theory (1995 as its theoretical framework, the paper described the manipulative use of SMS by Nigerian telecommunications companies. The analysis revealed that SMS text messages were encoded to achieve maximization of relevance through explicature and implicature; contextual implication and strengthening; and the reduction of processing effort through violating the maxim of truthfulness and the creative use of graphology. The paper concludes that SMS text-messages were used manipulatively by Nigerian telecommunications companies to earn indirect income from sales promotion lottery.

  5. DESAIN DAN IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM KENDALI INTENSITAS CAHAYA PPR MENGGUNAKAN SMS BERBASIS REMOTE CONTROL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Khairuddin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini membahas kendali jarak jauh intensitas cahaya piranti penerangan ruang (PPR secara efisien menggunakan short message service (SMS berbasis remote control. Dengan sistem kendali berbasis SMS sebagai remote control maka semua PPR dapat dikendalikan dari manapun di seluruh penjuru tanah air dengan syarat tempat tersebut terjangkau oleh sinyal telekomunikasi yang disediakan oleh provider. Sistem ini didesain untuk memenuhi arahan hemat energi oleh Kementerian Energi dan Pertambangan. Sistem kendali intensitas cahaya PPR menggunakan SMS berbasis remote control ini sebagai terobosan sistem saklar manual yang selama ini dibatasi oleh ruang secara fisik. Kemudahan penggunaan handphone (HP telah menjadi peluang bagi sistem saklar PPR. Didukung dengan semakin murahnya biaya berkomunikasi melalui SMS. Peluang ini mendukung kemudahan pengguna HP dengan menambah fitur sistem kendali intensitas cahaya PPR menggunakan SMS berbasis remote control. Sistem kendali jarak jauh menggunakan server modem wavecom fastrack supreme. Sistem ini menggunakan prosesor ATmega8 dengan interfacing menggunakan RS232. Hasil eksperimen menunjukan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan waktu terhadap variabel jarak posisi PPR dengan HP pengirim SMS selaku comander untuk eksekusi pengaturan intensitas cahaya. Dengan rerata waktu jeda 4,38 detik. Semakin besar prosentase sudut pemicuan TRIAC maka akan semakin besar nilai intensitas cahaya. Tidak ada perbedaan signifikan terhadap lama waktu hasil eksekusi terhadap variasi provider yang digunakan.

  6. ICAO safety management systems (SMS) development in environmental contexts: A field study of greater China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leib, Steven M.

    This was a mixed-methods exploratory study to investigate association between environmental context and the implementation status of Safety Management Systems (SMS) at airports in Greater China. Using a framework of Institutional Theory, this study looked at three regions of Greater China and explored internal and external environments of SMS at airports within each region. It used ICAO standards to evaluate the implementation status of SMS at those airports based on the perceptions of 126 participants. This research also employed snowballing technique to spread a survey tool to participants in Greater China through several key gatekeepers, and then applied the Delphi method for interviews with key gatekeepers themselves. Analysis of the data suggested several associations between various sub-concepts of the external environment and different components of SMS in the three regions. In addition, the data suggested a relationship between the internal environment as a whole and the overall status of SMS implementation in each region. Lastly, the study makes several recommendations for future research regarding global standards implemented in local environments, the evaluation of SMS implementation status, and the theoretical implications of this study.

  7. [Use of SMS to ask mothers to come to vaccination sessions in Bobo-Dioulasso].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diallo, O; Schlumberger, M; Sanou, C; Dicko, H; Aplogan, A; Drabo, F

    2012-10-01

    Even though the expanded programme for immunization (EPI) coverage at national level is high in Burkina (95% of fully vaccinated children), mothers of children following EPI in Health Centres (HC) would benefit from being reminded of EPI sessions by sending SMS (short message service) to their own mobile phone, or through mobile phone of a family member living in the same compound. SMS could be sent through Computerized Immunization Registers (CIR), hosted by HC computers. 210 mothers of children aged 0 to 5 years were chosen at random and questioned if they owned a mobile phone, if they could read a SMS, or, if not, what language they would understand if a voice SMS was sent. They were also asked if a family member could receive, read and transmit the message, if mothers did not own a mobile phone. They were also asked if they are willing to give their telephone number to HC. 94% of mothers could be reached through written or voice SMS, sent to their own or family member's mobile phone. 100% of mothers would be willing to give their telephone number to their HC to improve their ability to come at the right time for vaccination sessions. SMS reminders, delivered through CIR, should improve EPI attendance and management of sessions in HC, especially in epidemic context.

  8. Integrasi Protokol SMS dan Internet pada Mobile Banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Yusmanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Pertumbuhan pengguna gadget dan smartphone yang semakin pesat mendorong Bank menyediakan layanan mobile banking untuk meningkatkan jumlah pengguna yang melakukan transaksi perbankan. Namun pemanfaatan terhadap implementasi mobile banking di Indonesia masih dirasakan terdapat kekurangan. Oleh karena itu, pada paper ini dirancang suatu sistem aplikasi yang dapat mengatasi kekurangan dan menjawab kebutuhan pengguna dan bank. Sebagai studi awal, ditinjau sistem mobile banking dari salah satu bank dilihat dari sudut pandang pengguna. Dari hasil analisis didapat bahwa sistem yang dapat mengatasi kekurangan dan sesuai dengan kebutuhan adalah sistem mobile banking terpadu yang memanfaatkan jalur internet dan SMS, dimana sistem dapat mengubah jalur komunikasi yang digunakan sesuai dengan kondisi yang ada, dengan prioritas jalur internet. Sistem berupa mobile app dimana fungsi perpindahan ada pada mobile app itu sendiri. Pada implementasi tugas akhir ini, dihasilkan mobile app pada OS Android. Ada dua fitur utama yaitu pengecekan jaringan dan perpindahan jalur komunikasi, dimana hanya pengecekan jaringan yang berhasil diimplementasikan.   Kata kunci - gadget, mobile banking, mobile app, jaringan terpadu

  9. PERANCANGAN DAN PEMBUATAN SISTEM KONTROL DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN LAYANAN SMS TELEPON SELULAR BERBASIS MIKROKONTROLER AT89C51

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Putra Sastra

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available alah satu isu dalam masyarakat yang perlu dicermati adalah mengenai keamanan. Kasus kriminal seperti pencurian dapat dikurangi dengan memasang sistem pengaman pada properti yang hendak dijaga. Untuk itu, ditawarkan suatu sistem keamanan dengan pemanfaaatan layanan SMS yang merupakan salah satu fitur dari teknologi GSM yang dikontrol dengan suatu mikrokontroler. Pada penelitian ini dibuat suatu alat berupa aplikasi antara telepon seluler dengan mikrokontroler jenis ATMEL 89C51 dengan pemanfaatan layanan SMS. Proses kerja alat ini berupa pengiriman data dari mikrokontroler melalui telepon seluler berupa SMS ke telepon seluler lain untuk informasi tertentu. Telepon penerima dapat mengirimkan SMS berupa pesan perintah untuk menghidupkan atau mematikan alat yang dinginkan melalui mikrokontroler. Perancangan sistem kerja alat ini dengan pemanfaatan bahasa assembly dan kode PDU untuk pengiriman atau penerimaan SMS. Alat yang dirancang ini berjalan dengan baik, dimana mikrokontroler bereaksi terhadap input tertentu dan memberi suatu perintah untuk mengaktifkan telepon seluler untukmengirim SMS ke suatu nomor yang telah diatur sebelumnya.

  10. Real time medication monitoring with customized SMS reminders for people with refractory epilepsy : will medication adherence levels improve when patients receive customized SMS reminders?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hettinga, Marike; Gussinklo, Jan Taco te; Gutter, Thea

    2013-01-01

    A high level of medication adherence is important for people with refractory epilepsy. For most people, however, it is difficult to have their medication intakes as prescribed every day. In this study we investigated if Real Time Medication Monitoring (RTMM) with customized SMS-reminding had an effe

  11. Designing and Implementing an Innovative SMS-based alert system (RapidSMS-MCH) to monitor pregnancy and reduce maternal and child deaths in Rwanda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngabo, Fidele; Nguimfack, Judith; Nwaigwe, Friday; Mugeni, Catherine; Muhoza, Denis; Wilson, David R; Kalach, John; Gakuba, Richard; Karema, Corrine; Binagwaho, Agnes

    2012-01-01

    With the continuous growth of mobile network coverage and unprecedented penetration of mobile devices in the developing world, several mHealth initiatives are being implemented in developing countries. This paper aims to describe requirements for designing and implementing a mobile phone-based communication system aiming at monitoring pregnancy and reducing bottlenecks in communication associated with maternal and newborn deaths; and document challenges and lessons learned. An SMS-based system was developed to improve maternal and child health (MCH) using RapidSMS(®), a free and open-sourced software development framework. To achieve the expected results, the RapidSMS-MCH system was customized to allow interactive communication between a community health worker (CHW)following mother-infant pairs in their community, a national centralized database, the health facility and in case of an emergency alert, the ambulance driver. The RapidSMS-MCH system was piloted in Musanze district, Nothern province of Rwanda over a 12-month period. A total of 432 CHW were trained and equipped with mobile phones. A total of 35,734 SMS were sent by 432 CHW from May 2010 to April 2011. A total of 11,502 pregnancies were monitored. A total of 362 SMS alerts for urgent and life threatening events were registered. We registered a 27% increase in facility based delivery from 72% twelve months before to 92% at the end of the twelve months pilot phase. Major challenges were telephone maintenance and replacement. Disctrict heath team capacity to manage and supervise the system was strengthened by the end of pilot phase. Highly committed CHWs and effective coordination by the District health team were critical enablers. We successully designed and implemented a mobile phone SMS-based system to track pregnancy and maternal and child outcomes in limited resources setting. Implementation of mobile-phone systems at community level could contribute to improving emergency obstetric and neonatal care

  12. Attitudes and Behaviors of the Mobile Phones Users towards SMS Advertising: A Study in an Emerging Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Wajeeha Aslam; Maria Batool; Zia Ul Haq

    2016-01-01

    Advertisement through SMS is a commonly used medium in the era of technology. Companies are utilizing this medium of advertisement quite frequently. Rapid increase of the usage of mobile phones has developed an innovative way of utilizing this marketing tool. Due to the exponential growth in telecommunication industry after introduction of SMS and MMS, this study has been conducted to investigate the consumer attitude towards SMS advertisement and its relationship with behavior. Entertainment...

  13. Distributed GIS for automated natural hazard zonation mapping Internet-SMS warning towards sustainable society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devanjan Bhattacharya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Today, open systems are needed for real time analysis and warnings on geo-hazards and over time can be achieved using Open Source Geographical Information System (GIS-based platform such as GeoNode which is being contributed to by developers around the world. To develop on an open source platform is a very vital component for better disaster information management as far as spatial data infrastructures are concerned and this would be extremely vital when huge databases are to be created and consulted regularly for city planning at different scales, particularly satellite images and maps of locations. There is a big need for spatially referenced data creation, analysis, and management. Some of the salient points that this research would be able to definitely contribute with GeoNode, being an open source platform, are facilitating the creation, sharing, and collaborative use of geospatial data. The objective is development of an automated natural hazard zonation system with Internet-short message service (SMS warning utilizing geomatics for sustainable societies. A concept of developing an internet-resident geospatial geohazard warning system has been put forward in this research, which can communicate alerts via SMS. There has been a need to develop an automated integrated system to categorize hazard and issue warning that reaches users directly. At present, no web-enabled warning system exists which can disseminate warning after hazard evaluation at one go and in real time. The objective of this research work has been to formalize a notion of an integrated, independent, generalized, and automated geo-hazard warning system making use of geo-spatial data under popular usage platform. In this paper, a model of an automated geo-spatial hazard warning system has been elaborated. The functionality is to be modular in architecture having GIS-graphical user interface (GUI, input, understanding, rainfall prediction, expert, output, and warning modules. A

  14. Conducting Surveys and Data Collection: From Traditional to Mobile and SMS-based Surveys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iftikhar Alam

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Fresh, bias-free and valid data collected using different survey modes is considered an essential requirement for smooth functioning and evolution of an organization. Surveys play a major role in making in-time correct decisions and generating reports. The aim of this study is to compare and investigate state-of-the-art in different survey modes including print, email, online, mobile and SMS-based surveys. Results indicated that existing methods are neither complete nor sufficient to fulfil the overall requirements of an organization which primarily rely on surveys. Also, it shows that SMS is a dominant method for data collection due to its pervasiveness. However, existing SMS-based data collection has limitations like limited number of characters per SMS, single question per SMS and lake of multimedia support. Recent trends in data collection emphasis on data collection applications for smart phones. However, in developing countries low-end mobile devices are still extensively used which makes the data collection difficult from man in the street. The paper conclude that existing survey modes and methods should be improved to get maximum responses quickly in low cost manner. The study has contributed to the area of surveying and data collection by analysing different factors such as cost, time and response rate. The results of this study can help practitioners in creating a more successful surveying method for data collection that can be effectively used for low budget projects in developed as well as developing countries.

  15. A conceptual investigation of variables affecting the success and acceptance of SMS Marketing in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhami, A; Rabiee, A; Adhami, M

    2015-01-01

    This paper's aim was to develop a conceptual overview of SMS marketing and delineate factors of new communications technologies on business practice. This study, which was a descriptive survey, was built on primary and secondary data source including a literature review of SMS marketing and a Questionnaire were used as the primary means of collecting secondary data. The sample size of 300 patients was determined according to the Cochran formula. Moreover, data analysis was done in SPSS by using linear regression, chi-square, t-test and Binomial test. According to the research, sex, age, education, relevance, timeliness, reliability to sender, sense of control were variables affecting the SMS marketing acceptance. This paper was qualitative and provided a solid conceptual foundation for the future empirical research on e- marketing. The potential limitation was related to the broad user of computer and mobile. In this research, we considered SMS marketing, Mobile marketing, SMS advertising as the same subject. This research will be a useful resource with important insight into the factors that may encourage or determine consumer acceptance of this new form of direct marketing. This paper addressed an important timely issue, and added to the body of literature and knowledge focusing on e-marketing.

  16. SMS Language and College Writing :The languages of the College Texters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norizul Azida Darus

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Many students have become avid texters and are seriously reinventing language to accommodate the 160-character limit of short messages. They are more interested in getting their messages across and thus becoming less concerned about correct spelling, grammar and punctuation. Since texting has become a way of life of many students, it is feared that the SMS language can affect students’ written performance. This research examines the effects of frequent usage of text messaging (SMS on undergraduates academic writing. For the purpose of the study, 264 Diploma students of UiTM Perlis were selected as participants. They were 94 male texters and 170 female texters aged between 18 – 22 years old who were taking three different English courses namely Preparatory English, Mainstream English 1 and Mainstream English 2. The data includes participants’ SMS messages, class assignments and examinations scripts which were analyzed in order to detect the existence of SMS language by using measuring instruments of Orthographic forms (Shortis, 2001. The findings reveal that there were few occurrences of SMS language in students’ examinations scripts among weak students.

  17. Creating a Live, Public Short Message Service Corpus: The NUS SMS Corpus

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Tao

    2011-01-01

    Short Message Service (SMS) messages are largely sent directly from one person to another from their mobile phones. They represent a means of personal communication that is an important communicative artifact in our current digital era. As most existing studies have used private access to SMS corpora, comparative studies using the same raw SMS data has not been possible up to now. We describe our efforts to collect a public SMS corpus to address this problem. We use a battery of methodologies to collect the corpus, paying particular attention to privacy issues to address contributors’ concerns. Our live project collects new SMS message submissions, checks their quality and adds the valid messages, releasing the resultant corpus as XML and as SQL dumps, along with corpus statistics, every month. We opportunistically collect as much metadata about the messages and their sender as possible, so as to enable different types of analyses. To date, we have collected about 60,000 messages, focusing on English and...

  18. A conceptual investigation of variables affecting the success and acceptance of SMS Marketing in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhami, A; Rabiee, A; Adhami, M

    2015-01-01

    This paper’s aim was to develop a conceptual overview of SMS marketing and delineate factors of new communications technologies on business practice. This study, which was a descriptive survey, was built on primary and secondary data source including a literature review of SMS marketing and a Questionnaire were used as the primary means of collecting secondary data. The sample size of 300 patients was determined according to the Cochran formula. Moreover, data analysis was done in SPSS by using linear regression, chi-square, t-test and Binomial test. According to the research, sex, age, education, relevance, timeliness, reliability to sender, sense of control were variables affecting the SMS marketing acceptance. This paper was qualitative and provided a solid conceptual foundation for the future empirical research on e- marketing. The potential limitation was related to the broad user of computer and mobile. In this research, we considered SMS marketing, Mobile marketing, SMS advertising as the same subject. This research will be a useful resource with important insight into the factors that may encourage or determine consumer acceptance of this new form of direct marketing. This paper addressed an important timely issue, and added to the body of literature and knowledge focusing on e-marketing. PMID:28255405

  19. Sistem Pengamanan Pintu Rumah Otomatis via SMS Berbasis Mikrokontroller ATMega328P

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ridwan Asad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this final project was designed an automatic door security used SMS, which is serves as security for a microcontroller based door. This system was designed to facilitate the home user to lock the door and notice the condition of the house when the doors was left empty. The medium used is a phone by using SMS facility. This device consists of a sensor that is a “push button” that serves as input to inform the condition of the door to the microcontroller, microcontroller used is ATmega328P. Then Wavecom GSM Modem M1306B which serves as the sender and recipient SMS, using a solenoid to lock the door, and use the buzzer for alarm. The security system has been built with the working principles if there are people who want to try to enter and then numbers uninitialized on the microcontroller, the system will give a warning SMS notification to the user that "THERE ARE TRYING SIGN", and when the system is forcibly opened, the system will activate alarm as a warning sign and send SMS alert notification text of "alarm" to the phone number programmed into microntroller.

  20. STS-31 crewmembers during simulation on the flight deck of JSC's FB-SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    On the flight deck of JSC's fixed based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS), Mission Specialist (MS) Steven A. Hawley (left), on aft flight deck, looks over the shoulders of Commander Loren J. Shriver, seated at the commanders station (left) and Pilot Charles F. Bolden, seated at the pilots station and partially blocked by the seat's headrest (right). The three astronauts recently named to the STS-31 mission aboard Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, go through a procedures checkout in the FB-SMS. The training simulation took place in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  1. STS-57 crewmembers train in JSC's FB Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    STS-57 Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105, Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Nancy J. Sherlock, holding computer diskettes and procedural checklist, discusses equipment operation with Commander Ronald J. Grabe on the middeck of JSC's fixed based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS). Payload Commander (PLC) G. David Low points to a forward locker location as MS3 Peter J.K. Wisoff switches controls on overhead panels MO42F and MO58F, and MS4 Janice E. Voss looks on. The FB-SMS is located in the Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  2. STS-26 crew during MB shuttle mission simulator (SMS) training in Bldg 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, crewmembers participate in motion base (MB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) training in JSC Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. Five veteran astronauts recently named to man the Discovery for the STS-26 mission are pictured prior to a training session in the nearby MB SMS. Commander Frederick H. Hauck (top right) stands next to Pilot Richard O. Covey with (left to right) Mission Specialist (MS) George D. Nelson, MS David C. Hilmers, and MS John M. Lounge on front row.

  3. The effect of feedback by SMS-text messages and email on household electricity consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gleerup, Maria; Larsen, Anders; Leth-Petersen, Søren

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effect of supplying feedback by text messages (SMS) and email about electricity consumption on the level of total household electricity consumption. An experiment was conducted in which 1,452 households were randomly allocated to three experimental groups and two control....... Results suggest that email and SMS messaging that communicated timely information about a household's 'exceptional' consumption periods (e.g. highest week of electricity use in past quarter) produced average reductions in total annual electricity use of about 3%. The feedback technology is cheap...

  4. SMS-laenuga saab võlgu võõraste kaela tõmmata / Liina Siniveer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siniveer, Liina

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 18. aug. lk. 8. SMS-i teel tellitava laenu pakkuja Ferratum Estonia teenusest, pettuste tekkimise võimalusest. Vt. samal teemal: Kristiina Viiron. Petturid on ligi 30 inimese nimel SMS-laenu võtnud. 18. okt. Eesti Päevaleht lk. 14

  5. Comparison between data obtained through real-time data capture by SMS and a retrospective telephone interview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Bendt; Wedderkopp, Niels

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aims of the current study were: a) to quantitatively compare data obtained by Short Message Service (SMS) with data from a telephone interview, b) to investigate whether the respondents had found it acceptable to answer the weekly two SMS questions, c) to explore whether an additi......BACKGROUND: The aims of the current study were: a) to quantitatively compare data obtained by Short Message Service (SMS) with data from a telephone interview, b) to investigate whether the respondents had found it acceptable to answer the weekly two SMS questions, c) to explore whether...... off work for the a) past week, b) past month, and c) past year. The two sets of answers to the same questions for these patients were compared. Patients were also asked whether a third SMS question would have been acceptable. The test-retest reliability was compared for 1-week, 1-month, and 1-year....... Bland-Altman limits of agreement were calculated. The two quantitative questions were reported as percentages. Actual costs for the SMS-Track-Questionnaire (SMS-T-Q) were compared with estimated costs for paper version surveys. RESULTS: There was high agreement between telephone interview and SMS...

  6. The use of GPS and SMS data in illuminating the Mobility of Families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinau, Kristian Hegner; Harder, Henrik

    This paper explores the advantages and disadvantages of combining data from GPS units and SMS's from mobile phones, when exploring the mobility of families. Building on experiences from a research project aimed at investigating the mobility of approximately 50 families in Copenhagen, the capital...

  7. The effect of feedback by SMS-text messages and email on household electricity consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gleerup, Maria; Larsen, Anders; Leth-Petersen, Søren

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effect of supplying feedback by text messages (SMS) and email about electricity consumption on the level of total household electricity consumption. An experiment was conducted in which 1,452 households were randomly allocated to three experimental groups and two control...

  8. 23 CFR 972.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... transportation facilities serving the Refuge System, as appropriate, funded under the FLHP. (b) The FWS SMS may....), location, description of event, severity, weather and cause; (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such... transportation facilities serving the Refuge System funded under the FLHP, the extent of system requirements (e.g...

  9. STS-37 Mission Specialist (MS) Godwin during simulation in JSC's FB-SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-37 Mission Specialist (MS) Linda M. Godwin rehearses some phases of her scheduled duties on the middeck of the fixed-based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. Godwin is inspecting supplies stowed in the middeck lockers during this unsuited simulation.

  10. STS-44 Atlantis, OV-104, MS Musgrave on FB-SMS middeck during JSC training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, Mission Specialist (MS) F. Story Musgrave, wearing lightweight headset (HDST), adjusts controls on communications module mounted on a middeck overhead panel. Musgrave is on the middeck of the Fixed Base (FB) Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS) located in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. The STS-44 crewmembers are participating in a flight simulation.

  11. STS-31 Pilot Bolden with beverages on the FB-SMS middeck during JSC training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    STS-31 Pilot Charles F. Bolden holds three beverage containers while in front of the galley on the middeck of the fixed based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) during a training simulation at JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. From the middeck, Bolden, wearing lightweight headset, simulates a communications link with ground controllers and fellow crewmembers.

  12. STS-31 crewmembers review checklist with instructor on JSC's FB-SMS middeck

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    STS-31 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Mission Specialist (MS) Bruce McCandless II (left) and Pilot Charles F. Bolden (right) discuss procedures with a training instructor on the middeck of JSC's fixed-based (FB) Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS). The three are pointing to a checklist during this training simulation in the Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  13. STS-44 Atlantis, OV-104, Pilot Henricks in FB-SMS training at JSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, Pilot Terence T. Henricks, seated at the pilots station on the forward flight deck, reviews checklists before a flight simulation in the Fixed Base (FB) Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS) located in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. Surrounding Henricks are the seat back, the overhead panels, forward panels, and forward windows.

  14. STS-26 MS Hilmers on fixed based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) middeck

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Mission Specialist (MS) David C. Hilmers prepares to ascend a ladder representing the interdeck access hatch from the shuttle middeck to the flight deck. The STS-26 crew is training in the fixed base (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in JSC Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  15. STS-26 MS Lounge in fixed based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Mission Specialist (MS) John M. Lounge, wearing comunications kit assembly headset and crouched on the aft flight deck, performs checklist inspection during training session. The STS-26 crew is training in the fixed base (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in JSC Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  16. STS-26 crew on fixed based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) flight deck

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Commander Frederick H. Hauck (left) and Pilot Richard O. Covey review checklists in their respective stations on the foward flight deck. The STS-26 crew is training in the fixed base (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in JSC Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  17. 23 CFR 973.212 - Indian lands safety management system (SMS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Indian lands safety management system (SMS). 973.212... HIGHWAYS MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS PERTAINING TO THE BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS AND THE INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Bureau of Indian Affairs Management Systems § 973.212 Indian lands safety management system...

  18. Varietäten und Sprachkontakt in rätoromanischen SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grünert, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available As a minority language in Switzerland, the Romansh of the Grisons is exposed to pressure from the dominant language in its region, namely (Swiss German. Consequently, it has not developed a generally accepted standardized written form, being above all a spoken language, which cedes many written functions to the dominant language. These premises entail a complex spectrum of language variation in informal written use of Romansh in SMS-communication. This variation includes deviations from regional written norms, traits of (dialectal orality, interference of (Swiss German, and code-switching to (Swiss German. Language contact is evident in the fact that Romansh is used for part of an SMS whereas another part of the same SMS sent by the same person may be written in one or even in two varieties of the majority language, i.e. German and Swiss German. Some speakers of Romansh, mainly people who live outside of the traditional linguistic territory, do not write in Romansh at all. It should be noted that the users of Romansh in SMS-communication who participated in this research project are mainly women with university-level educations who are working in the tertiary sector.

  19. SMS Laen pürib börsifirmaks / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2007-01-01

    Alates ettevõtte loomisest 2006. aastal häid majandustulemusi saavutanud OÜ SMS Laen kavatseb juba aasta-pooleteise pärast oma aktsiad Tallinna börsil noteerida. Kiirelaenude pakkumisest. Tabel: Krõbedad intressid. Lisa: Kundesid seinast seina

  20. L'Italiano al Telefonino: Using SMS to Support Beginners' Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Claire; Levy, Mike

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses an experiment in sending regular Short Message Service (SMS) messages to support language learning, and vocabulary learning in particular, at beginners' level in Italian at an Australian university. The approach we took built on the initiatives of Thornton and Houser (2005) and Dias (2002b), and was informed by the results…

  1. Relationship between Teacher ICT Competency and Teacher Acceptance and Use of School Management System (SMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Leong Mei; Piaw, Chua Yan; Kannan, Sathiamoorthy; Moulod, Shafinaz A.

    2016-01-01

    This study aims at examining the relationship between teacher ICT competency and teacher acceptance and use of SMS in Negeri Sembilan secondary schools in Malaysia. This is a non-experimental quantitative research using survey technique through the administration of a set of questionnaire that comprised teacher demographic variables, teacher ICT…

  2. L'Italiano al Telefonino: Using SMS to Support Beginners' Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Claire; Levy, Mike

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses an experiment in sending regular Short Message Service (SMS) messages to support language learning, and vocabulary learning in particular, at beginners' level in Italian at an Australian university. The approach we took built on the initiatives of Thornton and Houser (2005) and Dias (2002b), and was informed by the results…

  3. Push Pull Services Offering SMS Based m-Banking System in Context of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fouzia Mousumi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available m-Banking technology has become one of the most familiar banking features throughout the world. Nowadaysmillions of inhabitants of Bangladesh are within a network through mobile network coverage. But in the commercial sectorslike banking, m-Commerce technology has not been adopted broadly yet. In context of Bangladesh where almost 95% ofgeographical areas including Chittagong Hill tract region is under cellular coverage and having insufficiency in Internetinfrastructure in remote regions, m-Banking via mobile phones can be the right choice for the promising banking sector.Considering m-Commerce and m-Banking perspective in Bangladesh, a Push Pull services offering SMS (Short MessagingService based m-Banking system has been proposed which is able to provide several essential banking services only bysending SMS to bank server from any remote location. This proposed system is divided into five major phases: InterfacingModule, SMS Technology Adoption Module, SMS Banking Registration Module, Push Pull m-Banking Services GenerationModule, and Modified Data Failover Module. This push-pull services specified system facilitates bank customers by carryingout real time m-Banking utilities by categorizing services into five major on the basis of their homogeneity. They areBroadcast, Scheduling, Event, Enquiry and m-Commerce services. Fifteen push pull services underlying these categories areimplemented in this proposed system which are most desired to customers. The proposed system not only brings bankingtransaction in hand’s grip but also makes it easier, robust and flexible with highest security. Moreover, modified data failoveralgorithm handles unexpected SMS server failure with any congestion or service request loss. At last, after evaluating eachmodule of our proposed system a satisfactory accuracy rate 94.95% has been obtained.

  4. Providing HIV results via SMS one day after testing: more popular than rapid point-of-care tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Stephen C; Koh, Andrew; Lindsay, Heather E; Fulton, Richard B; Fernando, Suran L

    2017-06-01

    An inner Sydney sexual health service introduced the option to gay and bisexual men of receiving a negative HIV result by SMS to mobile phone one business day after venipuncture (rapid SMS). Men could also choose one of the other options: a point-of-care-test (POCT), by phone, or in-person (clinicians could also require in-person). We followed-up patients choosing the rapid SMS method to ascertain their satisfaction. During 12 months, 473 men had 591 HIV tests. Of these tests, 5.4% were POCTs, 9.1% were in-person, 24% were by phone, and 62% were rapid SMS. HIV POCTs declined from being 22% of result methods in the pre-study period to 5.4% during the rapid SMS intervention period (odds ratio 0.20, 95% CI 0.13-0.32, P rapid SMS result rather than having another POCT. The higher accuracy of conventional serology was commonly expressed as the reason for choosing rapid SMS for results.

  5. Comparison between data obtained through real-time data capture by SMS and a retrospective telephone interview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johansen Bendt

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aims of the current study were: a to quantitatively compare data obtained by Short Message Service (SMS with data from a telephone interview, b to investigate whether the respondents had found it acceptable to answer the weekly two SMS questions, c to explore whether an additional weekly third SMS question would have been acceptable, and d to calculate the total cost of using the SMS technology. Methods SMS technology was used each week for 53 weeks to monitor 260 patients with low back pain (LBP in a clinical study. Each week, these patients were asked the same two questions: "How many days in the past week have you had problems due to LBP?" and "How many days in the past week have you been off work due to LBP problems?" The last 31 patients were also contacted by telephone 53 weeks after recruitment and asked to recall the number of days with LBP problems and days off work for the a past week, b past month, and c past year. The two sets of answers to the same questions for these patients were compared. Patients were also asked whether a third SMS question would have been acceptable. The test-retest reliability was compared for 1-week, 1-month, and 1-year. Bland-Altman limits of agreement were calculated. The two quantitative questions were reported as percentages. Actual costs for the SMS-Track-Questionnaire (SMS-T-Q were compared with estimated costs for paper version surveys. Results There was high agreement between telephone interview and SMS-T-Q responses for the 1-week and 1-month recall. In contrast, the 1-year recall showed very low agreement. A third SMS question would have been acceptable. The SMS system was considerably less costly than a paper-based survey, beyond a certain threshold number of questionnaires. Conclusion SMS-T-Q appears to be a cheaper and better method to collect reliable LBP data than paper-based surveys.

  6. [Diagnostic difficulties in Smith-Magenis Syndrome (SMS) on the basis of own experience and literature data].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stembalska, Agnieszka; Jakubiak, Aleksandra; Śmigiel, Robert

    2012-01-01

    The Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a rare microdeletion dysmorphic syndrome (interstitial microdeletion of chromosome 17p11.2), which occurs sporadically. Mutations in the RAI1 gene are found in part of the patients. SMS is characterized by intellectual disability and behavioural disturbances (sleep disturbances, hyperactivity, attention deficit, self-injury behaviour), craniofacial dysmorphism and defects of other organs and systems (teeth, eyes and upper respiratory and hearing disturbances, short stature, brachydactyly, scoliosis, cardiac and genitourinary defects). There are also neurological problems (muscular hypotonia, peripheral neuropathy, epilepsy and decreased sensitivity to pain). Many of the features that appear in the SMS may occur in other genetic syndromes, which may cause diagnostic difficulties. We report two cases of late diagnosed patients with the Smith-Magenis syndrome. Additionally, we present a review of literature and differential diagnosis. This may help in making the diagnosis and in giving optimal medical and psychological care to patients with SMS.

  7. Analisis Isi SMS Iklan Layanan Telekomunikasi Operator Telkomsel, Indosat dan Xl berdasarkan Etika Pariwara Indonesia Periode 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danang Trijayanto

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan teknologi komunikasi merevolusi aktivitas pemasaran ke mobile marketing, salah satunya adalah dengan SMS advertising. Badan usaha yang cenderung menggunakan cara pemasaran tersebut adalah operator selular dengan iklan produk layanan telekomunikasinya. Permasalahannya adalah strategi pemasaran produk telekomunikasi yang cenderung banyak merugikan pelanggan karena ketidaksesuaian antara isi iklan dan produk yang diperoleh, yang dipengaruhi oleh kelengkapan dan kejelasan informasi produk. Salah satu aturan yang menjadi dasar dalam aktivitas SMS advertising adalah berdasarkan Etika Pariwara Indonesia.  Penelitian  ini   meneliti  bagaimanakah  Penerapan aturan tersebut terhadap isi SMS iklan produk telekomunikasi yang dikirimkan oleh provider selular GSM prabayar pada bulan Juli hingga Nopember 2013.  Hasil  Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dalam mengiklankan produk telekomunikasi melalui SMS advertising, para operator selular belum menerapkan regulasi dan etika pemasaran dengan baik. Kekurangan informasi yang belum lengkap terdapat pada informasi syarat kontrak yang menjadi informasi dasar hak dan kewajiban yang harus dipenuhi oleh pelanggan.

  8. A model for short message service advertising avoidance determinants – an Iranian experience

    OpenAIRE

    Shahriar AZIZI

    2013-01-01

    Short Message Service (SMS) advertising is a growing phenomenon in the Iranian marketing industry. Many Iranian companies are intensively interested in SMS advertising for its low cost and comprehensive coverage. The vital challenge in using SMS as an advertising medium is mobile avoidance. In this research, a conceptual model containing six hypotheses was developed and tested. Using 211 self-reporting questionnaires and structural equation modeling (SEM), this study found that self-esteem an...

  9. An SMS structure based temperature sensor using a chalcogenide multimode fibre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Pengfei; Yuan, Libo; Brambilla, Gilberto; Farrell, Gerald

    2016-11-01

    In this work we investigated the fabrication of a singlemode-multimode-singlemode (SMS) fibre structure based on a chalcogenide (As2S3 and AsxS1-x) multimode fibre (MMF) sandwiched between two standard silica singlemode fibres (SMFs) using a commercial fibre fusion splicer. The temperature dependence of this hybrid fibre structure was also investigated. A first proof of concept showed that the hybrid SMS fibre structure has an average experimental temperature sensitivity of 50.63 pm/°C over a temperature range of 20 °C 100°C at wavelengths around 1.55 μm. The measured results show a general agreement with numerical simulations based on a guided-mode propagation analysis method. Our result provides a potential platform for the development of compact, high-optical-quality and robust sensing devices operating at the mid-infrared wavelength range.

  10. Aplikasi Short Message Service (SMS dan Email Sebagai Media Komunikasi Data dalam Sistem Pemantauan Suhu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Adriansyah

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available      Sistem pemantauan suhu secara langsung dengan mencatat setiap perubahan suhu secara manual, terlebih pada kondisi suhu yang ekstrim, memiliki resiko yang dapat berakibat fatal. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkan sebuah sistem yang dapat melakukannya secara otomatis. Penelitian ini bertujuan merancang sebuah sistem mandiri yang dapat melakukan pemantauan dan pencatatan perubahan suhu secara near real time (NRT dan mengirimkan laporan secara otomatis melalui email dan SMS. Sistem terdiri dari Sensor suhu LM35 yang berfungsi merubah besaran fisis suhu ke besaran listrik tegangan, Microcontroller Atmega8535 yang memegang peranan untuk mengkonversi tegangan keluaran LM35 kedalam bentuk digital, serta mengirimkan data hasil konversi melalui komunikasi serial ke computer. Program Java yang dijalankan di computer berfungsi memproses data yang dikirim mikrokontroler ATmega8535, menyimpannya ke basis data MySQL, menampilkannya dalam bentuk tabel dan grafik, dan mengirimkan laporan melalui email dan SMS bila data suhu yang diterima melebihi ambang batas yang telah ditentukan.

  11. Heavyweight "R-SMS-Phos" ligands in the olefins' hydrogenation arena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zupancic, Borut; Mohar, Barbara; Stephan, Michel

    2010-03-19

    A series of enantiopure P-stereogenic 1,2-bis[(o-RO-phenyl)(phenyl)phosphino]ethane (R-SMS-Phos) ligands wherein R = i-Pr, i-Bu, t-Bu, 3-Pen, and CH(2)TMS was assessed in the Rh(I)-catalyzed hydrogenation of an indicative set of olefins. The best performing t-Bu-SMS-Phos ligand was screened against a wide range of representative classes of standard and new olefinic substrates such as dehydroamido esters, dehydro-alpha-amido-phosphonates, enamides, itaconates, acrylates, enol acetates, alpha-phosphonovinyl benzoates, alpha-(2-pyridyl N-oxide)styrenes, and alpha-(1-hydroxyliminoethyl)styrenes. Excellent enantioselectivities and high TOFs were attained under mild conditions.

  12. End-to-end Encryption for SMS Messages in the Health Care Domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassinen, Marko; Laitinen, Pertti

    2005-01-01

    The health care domain has a high level of expectation on security and privacy of patient information. The security, privacy, and confidentiality issues are consistent all over the domain. Technical development and increasing use of mobile phones has led us to a situation in which SMS messages are used in the electronic interactions between health care professionals and patients. We will show that it is possible to send, receive and store text messages securely with a mobile phone with no additional hardware required. More importantly we will show that it is possible to obtain a reliable user authentication in systems using text message communication. Programming language Java is used for realization of our goals. This paper describes the general application structure, while details for the technical implementation and encryption methods are described in the referenced articles. We also propose some crucial areas where the implementation of encrypted SMS can solve previous lack of security.

  13. [A multicenter clinical trial of SMS 201-995 (octreotide acetate) in acromegaly and gigantism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimatsu, A; Imura, H; Irie, M; Nakagawa, S; Goto, Y; Shimizu, N; Takeda, R; Kato, Y; Saito, S; Ibayashi, H

    1989-07-20

    Sixty-four patients with active acromegaly and three patients with gigantism were treated with the long acting somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 (50-500 micrograms, sc, every 6-12 h or 150-880 micrograms daily by intermittent sc infusion, for up to 114 weeks). The fasting plasma GH levels were significantly suppressed (less than 50% of the values before treatment) in 49 patients and became normal in 18 patients. Suppression of GH secretion was associated with normalization of plasma somatomedin-C levels (14 out of 30 cases) and significant clinical improvement such as disappearance of headache and decrease of excessive sweating. Shrinkage of pituitary tumors as determined by computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging studies occurred in 11 out of 40 cases. Side effects were minimal and tolerable. SMS 201-995 appears to be an effective agent for the treatment of acromegaly and gigantism.

  14. STS-37 crewmembers train in JSC's FB shuttle mission simulator (SMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-37 Commander Steven R. Nagel (left) and Mission Specialist (MS) Jerry L. Ross rehearse some of their scheduled duties on the flight deck of JSC's fixed-based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in the Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. During the unsuited simulation, Nagel reviews checklist while seated at the commanders station as Ross looks on from the pilots station.

  15. STS-36 crewmembers train in JSC's FB shuttle mission simulator (SMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    STS-36 Mission Specialist (MS) David C. Hilmers, seated on the aft flight deck, discusses procedures with Commander John O. Creighton (left) and Pilot John H. Casper during a simulation in JSC's Fixed Based (FB) Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS). Casper reviews a checklist at the pilots station on the forward flight deck. The crewmembers are rehearsing crew cabin activities for their upcoming Department of Defense (DOD) mission aboard Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104.

  16. STS-26 Commander Hauck in fixed based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Commander Frederick H. Hauck, wearing comunications kit assembly headset and seated in the commanders seat on forward flight deck, looks over his shoulder toward the aft flight deck. A flight data file (FDF) notebook rests on his lap. The STS-26 crew is training in the fixed base (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in JSC Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  17. STS-44 Atlantis, OV-104, crewmembers participate in JSC FB-SMS training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, Commander Frederick D. Gregory and Pilot Terence T. Henricks are stationed at their appointed positions on the forward flight deck of the Fixed Base (FB) Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS) in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. Gregory (left) in the commanders seat and Henricks (right) in the pilots seat look back toward aft flight deck and the photographer. Seat backs appear in the foreground and forward flight deck control panels in the background.

  18. STS-44 Atlantis, OV-104, crewmembers participate in FB-SMS training at JSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, Commander Frederick D. Gregory (left) and Pilot Terence T. Henricks, positioned at their appointed stations on the forward flight deck, are joined by Mission Specialist (MS) F. Story Musgrave (center) and MS James S. Voss (standing). The crewmembers are participating in a flight simulation in the Fixed Base (FB) Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS) located in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. A maze of panel switches appear overhead and in the background.

  19. STS-46 crewmembers participate in Fixed Base (FB) SMS training at JSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, Pilot Andrew M. Allen hands Mission Specialist (MS) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jeffrey A. Hoffman checklists from middeck locker MF43E during training session in JSC's fixed base (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. European Space Agency (ESA) MS Claude Nicollier outfitted with communications kit assembly headset (HDST) and equipment looks beyond Hoffman to the opposite side of the middeck.

  20. Increasing health examination survey participation rates by SMS reminders and flexible examination times.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolonen, Hanna; Aistrich, Anna; Borodulin, Katja

    2014-11-01

    Declining participation rates are an increasing problem in population surveys. Different kinds of methods have been used to ensure participation rates as high as possible. Monetary incentives and reminders have been found to be effective ways to increase participation rates, but these are rather expensive to implement in large population surveys. There is a need for cheaper ways to motivate survey invitees to participate. The Kuusamo Health Examination Survey was conducted in May-June 2011. A random sample of 250 people was selected for the survey. Mobile phone numbers, when available, were obtained for people within the sample. For a random sample of 50% of survey invitees with a mobile phone number, a short message service (SMS) reminder was sent prior to their appointment. All survey participants were asked to fill in a feedback questionnaire. Participation rate was 58% for men and 74% for women. Mobile phone numbers were available for 66% of the sample. Among those receiving an SMS reminder about their appointment, participation rates were up to 25 percentage points higher than among the group not receiving a reminder. In the feedback questionnaire, 9% of the survey participants reported that they would not have participated without the SMS reminder they received. Participants preferred morning hours and Monday-Tuesday as time and day options for the examinations. SMS reminder about the appointment time was an effective way to increase participation rate, especially among the youngest age groups also, providing flexible office hours for the examination clinic may increase participation rate. © 2014 the Nordic Societies of Public Health.

  1. Continuous active surveillance of adverse events following immunisation using SMS technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westphal, Darren W; Williams, Stephanie A; Leeb, Alan; Effler, Paul V

    2016-06-17

    On-going post-licensure surveillance of adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) is critical to detecting and responding to potentially serious adverse events in a timely manner. SmartVax is a vaccine safety monitoring tool that uses automated data extraction from existing practice management software and short message service (SMS) technology to follow-up vaccinees in real-time. We report on childhood vaccine safety surveillance using SmartVax at a medical practice in Perth, Western Australia. Parents of all children under age five years who were vaccinated according to the Australian National Immunisation Schedule between November 2011 and June 2015 were sent an SMS three days post administration to enquire whether the child had experienced a suspected vaccine reaction. Affirmative replies triggered a follow-up SMS requesting details of the reaction(s) via a link to a survey that could be completed using a smartphone or the web. Rates of reported AEFI including fever, headache, fatigue, rash, vomiting, diarrhoea, rigours, seizures, and local reactions were calculated by vaccination time point. Overall, 239 (8.2%; 95% CI 7.2-9.2%) possible vaccine reactions were reported for 2897 vaccination visits over the 44 month time period. The proportion of children experiencing a possible AEFI, mostly local reactions, was significantly greater following administration of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-poliomyelitis vaccine at 4 years of age (77/441; 17.5%; 95% CI 13.9-21.0%) compared to the vaccinations given at 2-18 months (p<0.001). Across all time points, local reactions and fatigue were the most frequently reported AEFI. Automated SMS-based reporting can facilitate sustainable, real-time, monitoring of adverse reactions and contribute to early identification of potential vaccine safety issues. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Involverende undervisning med web- og SMS-baseret Student Response Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Christopher; Larsen, Søren

    Formålet er, at give deltagerne indblik i, hvordan web-og SMS-baserede student Response Systems (SRS) - også kendt som clickere – kan bruges som pædagogisk værktøj til at aktivere de studerende i auditoriet eller undervisningslokalet via diskussioner og peer - læring. SRS er et værktøj, hvormed...

  3. Implementasi Aplikasi Kriptografi Pada Layanan Pesan Singkat (SMS) Menggunakan Algoritma RC6 Berbasis Android

    OpenAIRE

    Widi Puji Atmojo; R. Rizal Isnanto; Rinta Kridalukmana

    2016-01-01

    Security is a very important aspect in data communication. In the last decade, there was a rapid development in mobile phone technology. Smartphone have been equipped with various features and one of them is the short message service (SMS). However, messages sent via mobile phone networks pose threat to be accessed by people who do not have any authorization. Therefore, it is necessary to do research on the development of software to enhance the security of messages through message encryption...

  4. Pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan melalui short message service (sms dan booklet tentang obesitas pada remaja overweight dan obesitas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usi Lanita

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescent is an important period to be considered because it is a transition period between children and adult. Nutrition problem in an adolescent is while the decline of physical activity, teenage generally have a big appetite, hence, they often look for additional food. The majority of diet that teenage like are an energy dense, sweet, and high-fat foods, which could have a risk of causing overweight and obesity if consumed excessively. Therefore, one of the efforts to overcome the nutrition problem is given a health education to teenage. Objective: To seek for the effect of health education by short message service (SMS and a booklet about obesity on knowledge and body mass index (BMI in an overweight and obese adolescent. Method: This study used a quasi-experiment with pre-test and post-test design. The subject were 105 respondents of overweight and obese senior high school students. The data were analyze used a paired t-test and ANOVA with p=0.05 and CI=95%. Results: Health education by SMS, booklet and the combination of SMS and booklet had a significant effect statistically (p0.05 to reduce BMI in an overweight and obese adolescent. Conclusion: Health education by SMS, booklet, and combination of SMS and booklet have an effect on increasing the knowledge in overweight and obese adolescent, whereas on BMI, only SMS and booklet have an effect on reducing BMI.

  5. DETEKSI SENJATA TAJAM DENGAN METODE HAAR CASCADE CLASSIFIER MENGGUNAKAN TEKNOLOGI SMS GATEWAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mahmudi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Minimarket adalah salah satu tempat umum yang kadang merupakan target aksi kejahatan, seperti aksi pencurian, perampokan atau penjarahan. Pemantauan perlu dilakukan untuk meminimalisir aksi kejahatan. Sistem otomatis mengirim sms kepada pihak kepolisian apabila terjadi adanya tindak perampokan. Pada penelitian ini, indikator tindak kejahatan dengan terdeteksinya objek pisau pada citra yang diperoleh dari CCTV. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk merancang dan membuat aplikasi pendeteksi senjata tajam. Keakuratan serta kecepatan sistem dalam mendeteksi pisau menjadi parameter keberhasilan penelitian ini. Jika senjata tajam terdeteksi, hal ini akan memicu sistem untuk mengirim SMS. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah Haar cascade classifier. Citra inputan dari CCTV, kemudian diproses dan kemudian diidentifikasi ada tidaknya objek senjata tajam. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah sistem dapat mengenali objek senjata tajam dengan akurasi 63,3% pada cahaya remang-remang, 70% pada cahaya normal dan 86% pada cahaya terang. Cahaya dan jarak merupakan parameter penting yang harus diperhatikan karena mempengaruhi proses pendeteksian objek senjata tajam.   Kata kunci : Deteksi senjata tajam, Haar cascade classifier, sms gateway

  6. User engagement with and attitudes towards an interactive SMS reminder system for patients with tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, Shama; Siddiqi, Osman; Ali, Owais; Habib, Ali; Haqqi, Faraz; Kausar, Maimoona; Khan, Aamir J

    2012-10-01

    We conducted a qualitative study to understand user perceptions, acceptability and engagement with an interactive SMS reminder system designed to improve treatment adherence for patients with tuberculosis (TB). Patients received daily reminders and were asked to respond after taking their medication. Non-responsive patients were sent up to three reminders a day. We enrolled 30 patients with TB who had access to a mobile phone and observed their engagement with the system for a one-month period. We also conducted semi-structured interviews with 24 patients to understand their experience with the system. Most patients found the reminders helpful and encouraging. The average response rate over the study period was 57%. However, it fell from a mean response rate of 62% during the first ten days to 49% during the last ten days. Response rates were higher amongst females, participants with some schooling, and participants who had sent an SMS message the week prior to enrolment. Non-responsiveness was associated with a lack of access to the owner of the mobile phone, problems with the mobile phone itself and literacy. Our pilot study suggests that interactive SMS reminders are an acceptable and appreciated method of supporting patients with TB in taking their medication.

  7. The State of Using SMS-Based e-Government Services: Case Study in Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Al-ma'aitah

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Recently the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has wide spread of information technology and communications. In addition, it has improved the infrastructure of mobile phone networks. This encourage government to take advantage of this development and trying to provide SMS-Based e-Government Services through their e-government program. This paper tries to evaluate the state of using SMS-Based e-Government Service in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and study the factors that affect on citizen adoption of this service. This study investigated a sample formed of (600 individuals distributed on three categorize were university students and Employees, public sector employees, private sector employees. The study presented statistical information explained the state of using SMS-based e-government service by Jordanian citizens. In addition the study showed that individual’s beliefs have positive effect on use SMSbased e-government services. Furthermore it orders these factors ascending depending on importance, from Jordanian citizens' perspective. The top three factors were Perceived ease of use, perceived efficiency in time and distance, perceived value for money.

  8. Challenges to translating new media interventions in community practice: a sexual health SMS program case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Cassandra J C; Leinberger, Kaytlyn; Lim, Megan S C

    2016-04-01

    Issue addressed Herein we discuss translational challenges for new media interventions, using the Sexual Health & Youth (SHY) short message service (SMS) project to illustrate particular challenges relating to recruitment and evaluation. Methods Following the delivery of an SMS sexual health program, available documents (progress reports, communications with project staff, ethics submissions and reporting) were analysed thematically to elucidate the barriers to recruitment, implementation and evaluation. Results Despite being framed by evidence-based research, the project had little impact on the intended population. Only 119 of an expected 5100 young people (2%) enrolled to receive SMS messages. Program documents highlighted the difficulty of recruiting participants for new media interventions. Key issues identified in recruitment included under-resourcing, delays waiting to receive ethics approval and challenges of school-based recruitment. Conclusion The minimal impact of the SHY program illustrates the need for improved research translation in the field of new media interventions. It is important that recruitment procedures align with the convenience and appeal of mobile phone-based interventions. So what? New media research is not always easily translated into community settings. Large-scale recruitment requires adequate resourcing and careful planning, even for low-cost mobile interventions. Stronger formative research, documentation and use of partnerships are essential for successful implementation. Researchers must also consider translation in planning and disseminating their work.

  9. SISTEM PEMESANAN KAMAR RAWAT INAP MENGGUNAKAN SHORT MESSAGE SERVICES (SMS PADA RUMAH SAKIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beny Irawan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak – Manusia hidup di dunia ada bermacam-macam bentuk tubuh, besar, kecil, tua-muda, laki-laki, perempuan, bentuk muka, warna kulit atau kondisi fisiknya ada yang sehat dan sakit. Semakin bertambahnya manusia di alam ini, semakin banyak persentase kemungkinan orang mengalami sakit mendadak, sehingga membutuhkan perawatan medis yang mendadak juga. Untuk itu, diperlukan suatu cara yang paling mudah untuk melakukan konfirmasi ada atau tidaknya kamar untuk rawat inap di rumah sakit yang bersangkutan, sehingga pasien tidak harus melakukan pemesanan kamar ketika sudah tiba di rumah sakit yang bersangkutan, dan kemudian semua kamar sudah penuh dan harus dipindahkan lagi ke rumah sakit lain. Hal ini menyebabkan si pasien akan mengalami keterlambatan untuk ditangani, sehingga bisa berakibat fatal bagi pasien tersebut. Permasalahan tersebut dapat ditangani dengan pengembangan sistem baru menggunakan short message services (sms terutama untuk pemesanan kamar rawat inap, dan untuk mengetahui jenis pelayanan lain yang ada di rumah sakit tersebut melalui website rumah sakit, sehingga sistem pemesanan kamar semakin efektif dan efisien. Namun, sistem yang dikembangkan masih memiliki kelemahan karena sistem hanya dapat digunakan pada telepon selular yang menggunakan modem GSM.   Keywords : Short Message Service (SMS, SMS Gateway, GSM

  10. Implementasi Aplikasi Kriptografi Pada Layanan Pesan Singkat (SMS Menggunakan Algoritma RC6 Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widi Puji Atmojo

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Security is a very important aspect in data communication. In the last decade, there was a rapid development in mobile phone technology. Smartphone have been equipped with various features and one of them is the short message service (SMS. However, messages sent via mobile phone networks pose threat to be accessed by people who do not have any authorization. Therefore, it is necessary to do research on the development of software to enhance the security of messages through message encryption and decryption features. This application uses Java programming language with SDK (Software Development Kit Android and Android Studio 1.3.1 as an editor. The initial step of this research is to encrypt the original message to produce the ciphertext message. The second step is to decrypt ciphertext incoming messages to become genuine message. Results from this research are an Android-based application that can perform encryption and decryption of the SMS messages using the RC6 algorithm. With the application of cryptography for SMS messages, the expected level of information security of the message can be improved so that the message will be more secure from unauthorized access.

  11. Health promotion via SMS improves hypertension knowledge for deaf South Africans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haricharan, Hanne Jensen; Heap, Marion; Hacking, Damian; Lau, Yan Kwan

    2017-08-18

    Signing Deaf South Africans have limited access to health information. As a result, their knowledge about health is limited. Cell phone usage in South Africa is high. This study aimed to assess whether a short message service (SMS)-based health promotion campaign could improve Deaf people's knowledge of hypertension and healthy living. Additionally, the study aimed to assess the acceptability of using SMSs for health promotion targeting Deaf people. A baseline questionnaire assessed participants' knowledge about hypertension before an SMS-based information campaign was conducted. After the campaign, an exit questionnaire was conducted, containing the same questions as the baseline questionnaire with additional questions about general acceptability and communication preferences. Results were compared between baseline and exit, using McNemar's test, paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Focus groups aimed to get further information on the impact and acceptability of SMSs. The focus groups were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. The campaign recruited 82 participants for the baseline survey, but due to significant loss-to-follow-up and exclusions only 41 participants were included in the analysis of the survey. The majority (60%) were men. Eighty percent were employed, while 98% had not finished high school. The campaign showed a statistically significant improvement in overall knowledge about hypertension and healthy living amongst participants. Six individual questions out of 19 also showed a statistically significant improvement. Despite this, participants in focus groups found the medical terminology difficult to understand. Several ways of improving SMS campaigns for the Deaf were identified. These included using using pictures, using 'signed' SMSs, combining SMSs with signed drama and linking SMS-campaigns to an interactive communication service that would enable the Deaf to pose questions for clarification. Focus groups suggested that

  12. The Use of Mobile Apps and SMS Messaging as Physical and Mental Health Interventions: Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathbone, Amy Leigh; Prescott, Julie

    2017-08-24

    The initial introduction of the World Wide Web in 1990 brought around the biggest change in information acquisition. Due to the abundance of devices and ease of access they subsequently allow, the utility of mobile health (mHealth) has never been more endemic. A substantial amount of interactive and psychoeducational apps are readily available to download concerning a wide range of health issues. mHealth has the potential to reduce waiting times for appointments; eradicate the need to meet in person with a clinician, successively diminishing the workload of mental health professionals; be more cost effective to practices; and encourage self-care tactics. Previous research has given valid evidence with empirical studies proving the effectiveness of physical and mental health interventions using mobile apps. Alongside apps, there is evidence to show that receiving short message service (SMS) messages, which entail psychoeducation, medication reminders, and links to useful informative Web pages can also be advantageous to a patient's mental and physical well-being. Available mHealth apps and SMS services and their ever improving quality necessitates a systematic review in the area in reference to reduction of symptomology, adherence to intervention, and usability. The aim of this review was to study the efficacy, usability, and feasibility of mobile apps and SMS messages as mHealth interventions for self-guided care. A systematic literature search was carried out in JMIR, PubMed, PsychINFO, PsychARTICLES, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, and SAGE. The search spanned from January 2008 to January 2017. The primary outcome measures consisted of weight management, (pregnancy) smoking cessation, medication adherence, depression, anxiety and stress. Where possible, adherence, feasibility, and usability outcomes of the apps or SMS services were evaluated. Between-group and within-group effect sizes (Cohen d) for the mHealth intervention method group were determined. A total of 27

  13. Investigating the impact of SMS speak on the written work of English first language and English second language high school learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Huddlestone

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the impact of SMS speak on the written work of English first language (L1 and English second language (L2 grade 8s and 11s. The aim was to establish whether these learners make use of features of SMS speak in their English written work. The participants, 88 learners from an English-Afrikaans dual medium school, completed questionnaires from which the frequency and volume of their SMS use were determined, as well as the features of SMS speak they reportedly use while SMSing. In addition, samples of their English essays were examined for the following features of SMS speak: (deliberate spelling errors; lack of punctuation; over-punctuation; omission of function words; and use of abbreviation, acronyms, emoticons and rebus writing. The questionnaires indicated that these learners are avid users of the SMS. All participants reported using features of SMS speak in their SMSes, and more than 40% reported using SMS speak in their written school work. Despite this, features of SMS speak infrequently occurred in the written work of the learners, which could indicate that the learners are able to assess when it is and is not appropriate to use a certain variety of language. That said, a number of SMS speak features were indeed present in the samples, which indicates that SMS speak had some impact on the written work of these learners. Not all of the nonstandard features of their written English could, however, necessarily be attributed to the influence of SMS speak; specifically some of the spelling and punctuation errors could have occurred in the written English of high school learners from before the advent of cell phones.

  14. Effect of subcutaneous injection of a long-acting analogue of somatostatin (SMS 201-995) on plasma thyroid-stimulating hormone in normal human subjects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itoh, S.; Tanaka, K.; Kumagae, M.; Takeda, F.; Morio, K.; Kogure, M.; Hasegawa, M.; Horiuchi, T.; Watabe, T.; Miyabe, S.

    1988-01-01

    SMS 201-995 (SMS), a synthetic analogue of somatostatin (SRIF) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of the hypersecretion of hormones such as in acromegaly. However, little is known about the effects of SMS on the secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in normal subjects. In this study, plasma TSH was determined with a highly sensitive immunoradiometric assay, in addition to the concentration of SMS in plasma and urine with a radioimmunoassay, following subcutaneous injection of 25, 50, 100 ..mu..g of SMS or a placebo to normal male subjects, at 0900 h after an overnight fast. The plasma concentrations of SMS were dose-responsive and the peak levels were 1.61 +/- 0.09, 4.91 +/- 0.30 and 8.52 +/- 1.18 ng/ml, which were observed at 30, 15 and 45 min after the injection of 25, 50, and 100 ..mu..g of SMS, respectively. Mean plasma disappearance half-time of SMS was estimated to be 110 +/- 3 min. Plasma TSH was suppressed in a dose dependent manner and the suppression lasted for at least 8 hours. At 8 hours after the injection of 25, 50, and 100 ..mu..g of SMS, the plasma TSH levels were 43.8 +/- 19.4, 33.9 +/- 9.4 and 24.9 +/- 3.2%, respectively, of the basal values.

  15. First Case Report of Smith–Magenis Syndrome (SMS) Among the Arab Community in Nazareth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nijim, Yousif; Adawi, Amin; Bisharat, Bishara; Bowirrat, Abdalla

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Smith–Magenis syndrome (SMS0) is a complex and rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by a variable pattern of cognitive deficits accompanied by a1 distinctive behavioral phenotype. SMS is characterized by subtle facial dysmorphology, short stature, sleep disturbances, and neurobehavioral abnormalities. Little is known about the manifestation of his unique case among Arab population and its strategic treatment. This study comes to present a case of SMS in an Arab newborn male who was born in spontaneous delivery on June 29, 2015, with tachypnea, tracheomalacia, and mild hypotonia. The newborn was admitted on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and various laboratory examinations and clinical examinations were performed. Throughout his hospitalization, feeding difficulties appeared and thus a peripheral venous catheter was inserted in the left leg. After 22 days of follow-up and hospitalizations, the patient status improved and he was discharged with recommendations to be in follow up in pediatric outpatient clinic. However, notwithstanding the different investigations, intermittent tachypnea continued at a rate of 72 to 77 breaths/min. Search for diagnosis begin intensively owing to persistence of tachypnia, mild hypotonia, feeding difficulties, sleep disturbances, and mild dysmorphic facial features. Suspicions of genetic abnormalities were considered and blood samples were sent for chromosome analysis and for fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) testing. The genetic results revealed the following: cytogenetic findings: 46, XY, del(17)(p11.2) and the FISH results: del(17)(p11.2p11.2) (D17S29). The chromosome diagnosis revealed an interstitial deletion of 17p11.2 and the diagnosis of the SMS was confirmed. Accurate clinical diagnosis, therapeutic assessments and a holistic management plans, including multidiscipline therapeutic strategies, periodic neuro-developmental assessments, and an early intervention programs, are recommended

  16. Del uso individual al efecto social : evidencias detectadas en el empleo del SMS

    OpenAIRE

    Salido Andrés, Noelia; Fernández Quijada, David

    2007-01-01

    La proliferación del empleo del SMS (Short Message Service) como canal alternativo de comunicación para la articulación de expresiones de lo colectivo, nos sitúa ante un nuevo escenario donde el individuo en términos de usuario, y a través de la personalización de los protocolos, reinventa los usos industrialmente prescritos para los dispositivos de telefonía móvil. Partiendo de esta distancia entre el inicial discurso industrial y los posteriores usos reales, y tomando como marco teórico las...

  17. An Electrical Energy Consumer Load Monitoring and Control System Through SMS Based

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Tsado

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study presents an SMS based Consumer Load Monitoring and Control System (CLMCS incorporating the widely used GSM network to facilitate the communication of electrical energy consumption by the user to his mobile phone. Its operation is centered on an AT89C52 microcontroller programmed in assembly language. A dedicated GSM modem with a SIM card is interfaced to the ports of the microcontroller through a PNP transistor (BC557 and a Normally Closed (NC relay to send SMS notification alert to user’s mobile phone when power supply is restored to his premises and whenever the energy consumed exceeds the maximum value set by the end user in this case 1 kW. This enables the consumer to respond promptly by cutting off power supply to his load unit when not needed. With this, a great deal of energy is saved and the consumer enjoys maximum satisfaction of the electrical energy paid for; hence an improvement, stability and utilization of electrical energy are achievable.

  18. Investigating the Impact of Demographic Characteristics on Encouraging Public Donations via SMS Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. H. Hosseini

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been conducted to investigate the effects of demographic characteristics including age, gender, marital status, education level, occupation type, and income level on encouraging public donations through advertising via SMS service in order to evaluate the effects rate of these elements on individuals’ attention and measure/action factors. The research is based on data obtained by distributing the questionnaire among 560 individuals who have formed the sample size of this study. The dependent variable of donation attraction has been analyzed along with two indices of attention and action, which are regarded as its measurement criteria. Therefore, the effects rate of demographic factors on these two parameters has been investigated. It is noteworthy that the analysis of collected data was done by SPSS software. The results have determined specific boundaries for people in sending SMS in order to encourage public donations. For instance, how many people among the sample size of this research will pay attention to the messages, how many of them are potential donators, and which individuals and groups have been identified as real executives.

  19. Investigating the Impact of Demographic Characteristics on Encouraging Public Donations via SMS Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MirzaHassan Hossainee

    2011-07-01

    This study has been conducted to investigate the effects of demographic characteristics including age, gender, marital status, education level, occupation type, and income level on encouraging public donations through advertising via SMS service in order to evaluate the effects rate of these elements on individuals’ attention and measure/action factors. The research is based on data obtained by distributing the questionnaire among 560 individuals who have formed the sample size of this study. The dependent variable of donation attraction has been analyzed along with two indices of attention and action, which are regarded as its measurement criteria. Therefore, the effects rate of demographic factors on these two parameters has been investigated. It is noteworthy that the analysis of collected data was done by SPSS software. The results have determined specific boundaries for people in sending SMS in order to encourage public donations. For instance, how many people among the sample size of this research will pay attention to the messages, how many of them are potential donators, and which individuals and groups have been identified as real executives.

  20. Aplikasi Pemantau Perangkat Jaringan Berbasis Web Menggunakan Protokol SNMP dan Notifikasi SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shofa Taftazanie

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Device monitoring tool on a computer network is required by the administrator to perform management of the device. This research produces web applications using PHP that is capable of monitoring and collecting device information on the network. This app uses SNMP and syslog protocols to perform monitoring on the device. Device information will be collected on the monitor server and displayed in web-based applications. This app using crontab to be able to monitor every minute. This application can also send a warning message in the form of SMS and email to the administrator when an error occurs on the device so that handling is expected to be faster done. This web application can make it easier for administrators to monitor devices anywhere. Pemantauan perangkat pada suatu jaringan komputer sangat diperlukan oleh administrator untuk melakukan manajemen perangkat tersebut. Penelitian ini menghasilkan aplikasi web menggunakan PHP yang mampu melakukan pemantauan dan pengumpulan informasi perangkat di jaringan. Aplikasi ini menggunakan protokol SNMP dan syslog untuk melakukan pemantauan pada perangkat. Informasi perangkat akan dikumpulkan pada server monitor dan ditampilkan pada aplikasi berbasis web. Aplikasi menggunakan crontab agar dapat melakukan pemantauan setiap menit. Aplikasi juga dapat mengirimkan pesan peringatan berupa SMS dan email kepada administrator saat terjadi kesalahan pada perangkat server sehingga penanganan diharapkan dapat lebih cepat dilakukan. Aplikasi web ini dapat mempermudah administrator dalam memantau perangkat dimana saja.

  1. Information System Of Student Score SMA Negeri 1 Tegal Based On Short Message Service (SMS Gateway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenul Arif

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Student Score at the agency school is one measure of the success of students in learning the material presented. In the old system the parents have not been getting the value directly from the school except at the end of each semester, making them difficult to know the value of their children's development during school. To provide score transparency to students and parents needed an information system score subjects in an easy and fast data access. By identifying the problem is analyzing the old system to identify the weaknesses of the system. Thus the new system will increase. Analysis of the weakness of the old system using PIECES categories (Performance, Information, Economy, Control, Eficiency, and Service. In fulfilling these conditions, build up lesson student score information system of Short Message Service (SMS Gateway Based. The system is built using Gammu software and using the programming language PHP. By using SMS to obtain the score of the data is expected to provide convenience for parents to monitor learning outcomes of their children’s in school.

  2. The Prototype of Real-time Object Detection System Based on SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hana Mirza

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The powerful algorithm to detect object movement in development of room monitoring system is very urgent. The commond algorithm needs complex computation. In this research, the prototype of real-time object detection system using simple algorithm is developed, i.e. using the determination of the max noise/pixel value and the tolerance threshold of image accurately, and then the system automatically send a SMS (short message services to user when the object movement is detected. The developed prototype used a Logitech QuickCam webcam, a Siemens C45 mobile phone and a data cable, and the Borland Delphi 7 with additional components and Serial PortNG Tvideo as system software. The application also includes a database to store the captured images whenever object movement is detected. The test results by varying conditions of light intensities using a 5-watt light bulb, fluorescent lamp 20 and 40 watts indicate that the application is able to automatically detect the presence of moving objects with 100% success rate. The success rate is strongly influenced by the determination of the max noise/pixel value and the tolerance threshold during system configuration. This application is also capable of sending SMS automatically when the system detects a moving object with an average time of 8.35 seconds.

  3. Deaf people communicating via SMS, TTY, relay service, fax, and computers in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, Mary R; Power, Des; Horstmanshof, Louise

    2007-01-01

    Despite the expansion of Deaf people's use of communication technology little is published about how they use electronic communication in their social and working lives and the implications for their concepts of identity and community. Australia is an ideal research base because the use of a range of technologies is widespread there. To gain access to a wide age range of people who identify as Deaf, members of the national organization, the Australian Association of the Deaf, were surveyed by mail. Results showed that Short Message Service (SMS), telephone typewriters (TTY), voice/TTY relay services, fax, and e-mail were used regularly. Deaf users are discerning of the purposes for which they use each method: SMS for social and personal interactions, TTY for longer communications and (via the relay service) with people and services without TTYs, fax for business and social contact, and computers for personal and business e-mails as well as Web browsing, accessing chat rooms, word processing, games, and study.

  4. Assessment of mobile device and SMS Use for Diet and Exercise Information Among Rural Mexican-American adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Jennifer L; Champion, Jane Dimmitt

    2014-01-01

    This is a pilot study regarding the use of mobile technology and short message service (SMS) for diet and exercise among rural Mexican American adolescents (RMAA). Authors used convenience sampling to recruit RMAA seeking care at a rural healthcare clinic and conducted three focus groups (n=12). Content analysis was used to identify categories and subcategories. Participants applied diet and exercise information in their lives based on an interaction with community and through the use of use mobile devices. Culturally sensitive use of mobile devices and SMS may be a tool to provide rural adolescent populations with resources.

  5. Comparison of an SMS text messaging and phone reminder to improve attendance at a health promotion center: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhou-Wen; Fang, Li-Zheng; Chen, Li-Ying; Dai, Hong-Lei

    2008-01-01

    To compare the efficacy of a short messaging service (SMS) text messaging and phone reminder to improve attendance rates at a health promotion center. A total of 1 859 participants who had scheduled appointments in the health promotion center of our hospital from April 2007 to May 2007 were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned into 3 groups: control (no reminder) group, SMS text messaging reminder group and telephone reminder group. Attendance rates and costs of interventions were collected. A total of 1848 participants were eligible for analysis. Attendance rates of control, SMS and telephone groups were 80.5%, 87.5% and 88.3%, respectively. The attendance rates were significantly higher in SMS and telephone groups than that in the control group, with odds ratio 1.698, 95% confidence interval 1.224 to 2.316, P=0.001 in the SMS group, and odds ratio 1.829, 95% confidence interval 1.333 to 2.509, Pcost effectiveness analysis showed that the cost per attendance for the SMS group (0.31 Yuan) was significantly lower than that for the telephone group (0.48 Yuan). SMS and telephone are effective reminders for improving attendance rate at a health promotion center. SMS reminder may be more cost-effective compared with the telephone reminder.

  6. Euroopa Parlamendi ja Nõukogu uue direktiiviga 2008/0196 (COD) tarbija õiguste kohta kaasnevad muudatused SMS-laenu lepingute kehtivas regulatsioonis Eestis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Marite Privoi ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Mari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Privoi, Marite

    2010-01-01

    SMS-laenu lepingu olemusest ja sellega kaasnevatest tarbijakaitselistest probleemidest Eestis, direktiivi 2008/0196 (COD) kohast Euroopa Ühenduse tarbijakaitse õiguse kontekstis, direktiiviga kaasnevatest muudatustest SMS-laenu lepingute suhtes

  7. Euroopa Parlamendi ja Nõukogu uue direktiiviga 2008/0196 (COD) tarbija õiguste kohta kaasnevad muudatused SMS-laenu lepingute kehtivas regulatsioonis Eestis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Marite Privoi ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Mari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Privoi, Marite

    2010-01-01

    SMS-laenu lepingu olemusest ja sellega kaasnevatest tarbijakaitselistest probleemidest Eestis, direktiivi 2008/0196 (COD) kohast Euroopa Ühenduse tarbijakaitse õiguse kontekstis, direktiiviga kaasnevatest muudatustest SMS-laenu lepingute suhtes

  8. The Effect of Feedback by SMS-text messages and email on Household Electricity Consumption: Experimental Evidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Anders

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effect of supplying online feedback by SMS-text messages and email about electricity consumption on the level of total household electricity consumption. An experiment was conducted in which 1,452 households were randomly allocated to three experimental groups and two...

  9. Using SMS as a Harm Reduction Strategy: An Evaluation of the RAGE (Register and Get Educated) Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockett, Belinda; Keleher, Helen; Rudd, Annette; Klein, Ruth; Locke, Beth; Roussy, Véronique

    2013-01-01

    The RAGE (Register And Get Educated) project explored the feasibility of SMS (Short Messaging Service) as a means for communicating harm reduction messages in relation to alcohol and other drugs to young people residing in the City of Knox, Victoria. Almost 700 young people aged 12-26 years registered their mobile phone numbers to receive a series…

  10. Short Message Service (SMS) Texting Symbols: A Functional Analysis of 10,000 Cellular Phone Text Messages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beasley, Robert E.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of symbolic expressions (e.g., "BTW," "LOL," "UR") in an SMS text messaging corpus consisting of over 10,000 text messages. More specifically, the purpose was to determine, not only how frequently these symbolic expressions are used, but how they are utilized in terms of the language functions…

  11. Studi Pengamanan Login Pada Sistem Informasi Akademik Menggunakan Otentifikasi One Time Password Berbasisis SMS dengan Hash MD5

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kartika Imam Santoso

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pengamanan login untuk mengakses Sistem Informasi Akademik berbasis WEB, berupa pengamanan menggunakan OTP(One Time Password yang di bangkitkan dengan Hash MD5 yang menghasilkan sebuah kode lewat SMS untuk otentikasi.Aplikasi OTP menggunakan masukan untuk hash MD5 dari tabel mahasiswa yang diambil adalah field NIM, No telp, danwaktu akses. Hasil dari fungsi hash tersebut menghasilkan 32 digit bilangan hexadesimal, kemudian mengganti denganangka bila ditemukan huruf di dalamnya. Selanjutnya diambil enam digit dari bilangan tersebut. Enam angka tersebut yangdikirimkan sebagai OTP dengan layanan aplikasi Gammu berupa SMS dan juga disimpan dalam tabel. OTP yang dikirimkankepada pengguna akan dicocokkan dengan yang tersimpan dalam tabel untuk mengecek validitasnya. Apabila cocok antaraOTP yang dikirimkan dengan yang tersimpan dalam tabel, maka pengguna baru bisa mengakses Sistem Informasi Akademik(SIAKAD. OTP yang dihasilkan adalah untuk otentifikasi pengamanan akun pengguna SIAKAD setelah Login denganmemasukkan username dan password. Waktu aktif untuk pengamanan login dengan OTP berbasis SMS selama tiga menit,pembatasan tersebut adalah untuk mempersempit waktu hacker untuk menyadap dan menyusup. Selain itu juga sesuai denganuji coba yang telah dilakukan dengan beberapa layanan operator selular di IndonesiaKata kunci : Sistem Informasi Akademik; Login, Hash MD5; One Time Password; SMS; Gammu

  12. The Effect of Feedback by SMS-text messages and email on Household Electricity Consumption: Experimental Evidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Anders

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effect of supplying online feedback by SMS-text messages and email about electricity consumption on the level of total household electricity consumption. An experiment was conducted in which 1,452 households were randomly allocated to three experimental groups and two...

  13. Short Message Service (SMS) Texting Symbols: A Functional Analysis of 10,000 Cellular Phone Text Messages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beasley, Robert E.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of symbolic expressions (e.g., "BTW," "LOL," "UR") in an SMS text messaging corpus consisting of over 10,000 text messages. More specifically, the purpose was to determine, not only how frequently these symbolic expressions are used, but how they are utilized in terms of the language functions…

  14. Relative humidity sensor based on SMS fiber structure using multimode coreless fiber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syafrani, Sanif; Hatta, Agus M.; Kusumawardhani, Apriani

    2016-11-01

    Singlemode-Multimode-Singlemode (SMS) optical fiber structure using multimode coreless have been able to sense changes in relative humidity. In this experiment the measured humidity is 60 % -90 %, while the method is done by comparing the relative humidity changes with the change in output power in the optical fiber. Then the underlying phenomena is the change in the refractive index of air as the cladding MMF coreless due to changes in relative humidity. It has been done three length variations MMF coreless to add sensitivity sensor, and the obtained sensor by 22.30 mm MMF length have the greatest sensitivity, that is 0.0747 dBm / %. Obtained conclusions on length variation will cause any change in the sensitivity significantly in relative humidity between 75 % -80 %.

  15. A comparison of three clustering methods for finding subgroups in MRI, SMS or clinical data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kent, Peter; Jensen, Rikke K; Kongsted, Alice

    2014-01-01

    ). There is a scarcity of head-to-head comparisons that can inform the choice of which clustering method might be suitable for particular clinical datasets and research questions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a head-to-head comparison of three commonly available methods (SPSS TwoStep CA, Latent Gold......'s ease of use and interpretability of the presentation of results.We analysed five real datasets of varying complexity in a secondary analysis of data from other research projects. Three datasets contained only MRI findings (n = 2,060 to 20,810 vertebral disc levels), one dataset contained only pain...... intensity data collected for 52 weeks by text (SMS) messaging (n = 1,121 people), and the last dataset contained a range of clinical variables measured in low back pain patients (n = 543 people). Four artificial datasets (n = 1,000 each) containing subgroups of varying complexity were also analysed testing...

  16. Frequency of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis and its association with SMS texting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Maryam; Asim, Muhammad; Danish, Syed Hasan; Ahmad, Farah; Iqbal, Afsheen; Hasan, Syed Danish

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objective: to assess the frequency of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis and its association with SMS texting. Method: a cross-sectional survey was conducted among undergraduate students studying in different physical therapy schools of Karachi belonging to both public and private sectors. Sample size was 300 students which were selected through convenience sampling. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaire and severity of the pain was assessed through Universal Pain Assessment Tool and De Quervain’s tenosynovitis was diagnosed through Finkelstein test. Data entry and analysis were done using computer software SPSS version 20. Frequency and percentages were taken for categorical variable. Chi-square was applied to determine association between different variables and Finkelstein test. P value Quervain’s positive in that students and there is a positive association between the thumb pain and frequent text messaging. PMID:24932451

  17. Fischzüge der Liebe: Liebeskommunikation in deutschen und chinesischen SMS - Sequenzen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Imo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the biggest problems with love talk is that the lovers want to make sure of their true and sincere love but that at the same time the assertion of truth and sincerity may also be interpreted as mere routine and the utterance of clichés. On the basis of a qualitative analysis of German and Chinese love communication by SMS it will be shown from a cross-linguistic and cross-cultural perspective how interactants cope with this dilemma. The data show that – paradoxically – one solution is to tease each other and produce intentional misunderstandings that yield low puns (a strategy found in the German data or to enact the end of the love relationship (in the Chinese data.

  18. A randomised controlled trial of an SMS-based mobile epilepsy education system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lua, Pei Lin; Neni, Widiasmoro Selamat

    2013-01-01

    We evaluated an epilepsy education programme based on text messaging (SMS). Epilepsy outpatients from three hospitals in Malaysia were randomised into two groups: intervention and control. Patients in the control group were supplied with printed epilepsy educational material while those in the intervention group also received text messages from the Mobile Epilepsy Educational System (MEES). A total of 136 patients completed the study (mean age 31 years; 91% Malay; 51% with an illness duration of more than 5 years). A between-group analysis showed that the awareness, knowledge and attitudes (AKA) about epilepsy did not significantly differ between the groups at baseline (P > 0.05). The intervention patients reported better AKA levels during follow-up compared to the control patients (P epilepsy education is effective in improving AKA.

  19. Enhancing behavioral health treatment and crisis management through mobile ecological momentary assessment and SMS messaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Brad; Harms, William D; Burres, Stephanie; Korda, Holly; Rosen, Howard; Davis, Jamie

    2012-12-01

    Many veterans returning from service in Afghanistan or Iraq suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder or mild traumatic brain injury. Treating these conditions can be challenging because of high rates of relapse and associated memory impairments. We report on a pilot study that assessed the utility of mobile health (mHealth) technologies, including personal digital assistant-based ecological momentary assessment and two-way interactive text (SMS) messaging, for providing treatment feedback to clinicians, encouraging and motivating veterans throughout treatment, and monitoring participants for relapse after treatment discharge. The results of the pilot suggest that mHealth technologies are feasible adjuncts to traditional mental treatment in the veteran population. Additional work is needed to establish the degree of clinical and economic value.

  20. SMS versus voice messaging to deliver MNCH communication in rural Malawi: assessment of delivery success and user experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Jessica; Larsen-Cooper, Erin; Jezman, Zachariah; Cunningham, Stacey C; Bancroft, Emily

    2014-02-01

    To determine the difference in delivery success of health messages delivered through pushed SMS, pushed voice messages sent to personal phones, and voice messages retrieved from a community phone ("retrieved voice messaging"), as well as the difference in quality of the user experience. We analyzed the project's electronic monitoring data between September 2011 and June 2013, including demographics, enrollment data, and messages sent and successfully delivered. We also collected and analyzed information from quarterly phone-based surveys with users to assess quality of the user experience, including acceptability, comprehension, new information learned, and reported behavior change. More than half of subscribers enrolled in the retrieved voice messaging service while nearly one-third enrolled in the pushed SMS service and less than 10% in pushed voice messaging. Message delivery success was highest among pushed SMS subscribers and lowest among retrieved voice subscribers. Overall, 99% of survey respondents reported trusting messages they received, and about 75% of respondents recalled the last message they received and learned something new. Almost 75% of respondents reported that they had already changed or intended to change their behavior based on received messages. Intended or actual behavior change was significantly higher among pushed SMS enrollees than among pushed or retrieved voice messaging enrollees (P = .01). All message modalities led to high levels of satisfaction, comprehension, and new information learned. Due to lower cost, higher delivery success, and higher levels of intended or actual behavior change, SMS is the preferred delivery modality. However, the majority of users included in this study did not have access to a personal phone, and retrieved voice messages provided an opportunity to access a population that otherwise could not be served. Providing multiple methods by which users could access the service was crucial in extending reach

  1. Design of SMS Prepaid Energy Meter for a Cashless Economy with Recharge Option and Bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olawuni Adeolu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available With the current trend of Information Technology in our present time, the lot in our daily life is developing accordingly, and energy meters are no exception to this phenomenon. An intelligent GSM based prepaid energy meter is developed to be able to accurately calculate the amount of consumed energy by a certain building, display the remaining energy available from a pre-purchase of electricity, by which is done by the means of recharge through SMS service. The energy meter provide the utility company with regular status of the meter on a predefined interval, and also display a real time on the user’s account update, which contributes to the retrieval of the balance of the meter, as well as keeping log of the consumed energy and remaining electricity of each user by the means of SMS. It also provide utility company the ability to send updated consumption rates according to the Time of Day Tariff (TDF to the meter on pre-defined intervals The methodology used is embedded system with control system. The prepaid energy meter concept is shown by Proteus 8 software simulation. The major components are AVR microcontroller, Voltage and Current transformer, LCD, Relay and a load. Electricity has become one of the basic requirements for people and widely used for domestic, industrial and agricultural purposes. The software for this system was implemented with the use of embedded system code written onto the microcontroller. And the designed and implementation is an efficient way to collect billings for electricity consumptions, which further facilitate the recharge process of meters currently being used to the generalization and the acceptability in other to revolutionaries the entire metering system used in the 21st century.

  2. Development and acceptability of a novel milk-free soybean-maize-sorghum ready-to-use therapeutic food (SMS-RUTF) based on industrial extrusion cooking process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owino, Victor O; Irena, Abel H; Dibari, Filippo; Collins, Steve

    2014-01-01

    Peanut milk-based ready-to-use therapeutic food (P-RUTF) primarily used to treat severe acute malnutrition at community setting is expensive. We developed an alternative milk-free soybean-maize-sorghum-based RUTF (SMS-RUTF) using locally grown ingredients that have the potential to support local economy and reduce the cost of RUTF. We describe the production process and results of acceptability of the new product. Acceptability and tolerance of SMS-RUTF was compared with P-RUTF among 45 children aged 4-11 years old based on a cross-over design. Each child consumed 250 g RUTF for 10 days followed by a five-day washout period and a subsequent 10-day period on the second RUTF. The SMS-RUTF was as acceptable as the P-RUTF among normal children aged 4-11 years of age with no associated adverse effects. SMS-RUTF was stable for at least 12 months without detectable microbiological or chemical deterioration. The major challenge encountered in SMS-RUTF development was the difficulty to accurately determine key nutrient composition due to its high oil content. Use of diversified locally available ingredients to produce RUTF is feasible. The SMS-RUTF meets expected standards and is acceptable to children aged 4-11 months old. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of SMS-RUTF is required.

  3. Aplikasi Sistem SMS Hitung Cepat Berbasis PHP dan MYSQL (Studi Kasus Suara Gerindra Dapil 1 Pada Pemilu Legislatif 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Subkhi Hermawan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available General Election is the Indonesian greatest democracy party, which becomes an opportunity to the legislative candidates to compete. The success of the General Election is determined by the smooth running of the vote and the vote counting process. The process of organizing elections often encountered various problems, the fraud of several elements which inflate the votes in the polling stations, and corruption of the top elements’ functionary. In order to avoid those problems, a hitung cepat is needed to inform the prediction of the election result faster than the official counting by the Commission of General Election. A hitung cepat can also be the proof of the election fraud. In this case, a hitung cepat application becomes one of the solutions to finish the vote counting faster than if manual counting is used. This application will help the official supporting teams in predicting their supported legislative candidates’ winning. This application is created by using several phases; they are system designing, prototype making, implementation, and program testing. All this phases are called prototyping method. This method is appropriatefor this project because it has a fast flow to fulfill the official supporting teams need in a dynamic political condition. The application designing is modeled by the UML. This application is created by using PHP programming language to run the program itself, and supported by Gammu and MySQL to run the function of the SMS gateway. In implementation phase, the quick count application can be used to count the vote of the legistative election in 2014 General Election by using statistic method. The level of accuracy used in this study was 99% with a margin of error 1%.

  4. LabPush: a pilot study of providing remote clinics with laboratory results via short message service (SMS in Swaziland, Africa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Shan Jian

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Turnaround time (TAT is an important indicator of laboratory performance. It is often difficult to achieve fast TAT for blood tests conducted at clinics in developing countries. This is because clinics where the patient is treated are often far away from the laboratory, and transporting blood samples and test results between the two locations creates significant delay. Recent efforts have sought to mitigate this problem by using Short Message Service (SMS to reduce TAT. Studies reporting the impact of this technique have not been published in scientific literature however. In this paper we present a study of LabPush, a system developed to test whether SMS delivery of HIV related laboratory results to clinics could shorten TAT time significantly. METHOD: LapPush was implemented in six clinics of the Kingdom of Swaziland. SMS results were sent out from the laboratory as a supplement to normal transport of paper results. Each clinic was equipped with a mobile phone to receive SMS results. The laboratory that processes the blood tests was equipped with a system for digital input of results, and transmission of results via SMS to the clinics. RESULTS: Laboratory results were received for 1041 different clinical cases. The total number of SMS records received (1032 was higher than that of paper records (965, indicating a higher loss rate for paper records. A statistical comparison of TAT for SMS and paper reports indicates a statistically significant improvement for SMS. Results were more positive for more rural clinics, and an urban clinic with high workload. CONCLUSION: SMS can be used to reduce TAT for blood tests taken at clinics in developing countries. Benefits are likely to be greater at clinics that are further away from laboratories, due to the difficulties this imposes on transport of paper records.

  5. LabPush: A Pilot Study of Providing Remote Clinics with Laboratory Results via Short Message Service (SMS) in Swaziland, Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jian, Wen-Shan; Hsu, Min-Huei; Sukati, Hosea; Syed-Abdul, Shabbir; Scholl, Jeremiah; Dube, Nduduzo; Hsu, Chun-Kung; Wu, Tai-jung; Lin, Vera; Chi, Tex; Chang, Peter; Li, Yu-Chuan

    2012-01-01

    Background Turnaround time (TAT) is an important indicator of laboratory performance. It is often difficult to achieve fast TAT for blood tests conducted at clinics in developing countries. This is because clinics where the patient is treated are often far away from the laboratory, and transporting blood samples and test results between the two locations creates significant delay. Recent efforts have sought to mitigate this problem by using Short Message Service (SMS) to reduce TAT. Studies reporting the impact of this technique have not been published in scientific literature however. In this paper we present a study of LabPush, a system developed to test whether SMS delivery of HIV related laboratory results to clinics could shorten TAT time significantly. Method LapPush was implemented in six clinics of the Kingdom of Swaziland. SMS results were sent out from the laboratory as a supplement to normal transport of paper results. Each clinic was equipped with a mobile phone to receive SMS results. The laboratory that processes the blood tests was equipped with a system for digital input of results, and transmission of results via SMS to the clinics. Results Laboratory results were received for 1041 different clinical cases. The total number of SMS records received (1032) was higher than that of paper records (965), indicating a higher loss rate for paper records. A statistical comparison of TAT for SMS and paper reports indicates a statistically significant improvement for SMS. Results were more positive for more rural clinics, and an urban clinic with high workload. Conclusion SMS can be used to reduce TAT for blood tests taken at clinics in developing countries. Benefits are likely to be greater at clinics that are further away from laboratories, due to the difficulties this imposes on transport of paper records. PMID:23028543

  6. A combined application of lossless and lossy compression in ECG processing and transmission via GSM-based SMS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, S K; Mitra, S; Mitra, M

    2015-02-01

    This paper presents a software-based scheme for reliable and robust Electrocardiogram (ECG) data compression and its efficient transmission using Second Generation (2G) Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) based Short Message Service (SMS). To achieve a firm lossless compression in high standard deviating QRS complex regions and an acceptable lossy compression in the rest of the signal, two different algorithms have been used. The combined compression module is such that it outputs only American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) characters and, hence, SMS service is found to be most suitable for transmitting the compressed signal. At the receiving end, the ECG signal is reconstructed using just the reverse algorithm. The module has been tested to all the 12 leads of different types of ECG signals (healthy and abnormal) collected from the PTB Diagnostic ECG Database. The compression algorithm achieves an average compression ratio of ∼22.51, without any major alteration of clinical morphology.

  7. The effectiveness of SMS Reminders and the impact of patient characteristics on missed appointments in a public dental outpatient clinic

    OpenAIRE

    Emilia Bellucci; Lasitha Dharmasena; Lemai Nguyen; Hanny Calache

    2017-01-01

    This paper reports on the Failure To Attend (FTA) rate of appointments as well as patients following the implementation of SMS reminders in a public dental outpatient service.  Given the ineffectiveness of the intervention and a highly representative patient’s profile, this paper identifies the demographic characteristics of patients who miss all of their appointments.  Data on appointment attendance, patient demographics and dental service type was collected over a time period of 46 consecut...

  8. Short Message Service (SMS) Command and Control (C2) Awareness in Android-based Smartphones Using Kernel-Level Auditing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    Nexus One with Technical Specifications their code available. At the very least, source code for the device’s motherboard and chipset is required. • SMS...development and writing). The 34 MSM kernel provided by the AOSP and compatible with the HTC Nexus One’s motherboard and Qualcomm chipset, is used for this...kernel in the development smartphone is required because a kernel compatible with the motherboard and chipset is used. An understanding of the Android

  9. Realisasi Perangkat Pengendali On-Off Lampu Penerangan Melalui Sms (Short Message Service Dengan Umpan Balik Berbasis Mikrokontroler At89s52

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Agustiana Putra

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan lampu penerangan yang tidak tepat waktu bisa menimbulkan hal-hal yang tidak diinginkan, pemborosan energi listrik dan mengurangi umur lampu penerangan. Pemakaian mikrokontroler dan HP GSM dengan sms untuk pengendalian nirkabel sangat praktis dan efisien. Pada penelitian ini akan direalisasikan perangkat  pengendali on-off lampu penerangan dengan perantaraan SMS (Short Message Service handphone (HP GSM berbasis mikrokontroler AT89S52. Perangkat ini dapat mengkomunikasikan HP statis dengan mikrokontroler AT89S52 melalui komunikasi serial. Komunikasi ini meyebabkan mikrokontroler dapat mengendalikan on-off delapan lampu penerangan dengan rangkaian relay dan membaca kondisi on-off lampu penerangan melalui sensor photodioda. Perintah on-off lampu penerangan dikirim berupa sms oleh HP mobil ke HP statis yang terhubung serial ke mikrokontroler AT89S52. SMS ini akan dibaca dan diterjemahkan ke kode PDU dan dilaksanakan oleh mikrokontroler untuk on-off lampu penerangan. Berdasarkan kondisi on-off lampu penerangan ini HP statis akan mengirim sms balik ke HP mobil tentang kondisi lampu penerangan ini. Hasil pengujian pada peralatan ini menunjukkan HP mobil sudah mampu menghidupmatikan (on-off delapan buah lampu penerangan baik secara bersamaan maupun satu demi satu. Sedangkan kondisi on-off lampu bisa diketahui satu demi satu dengan  mengirim sms yang sesuai.

  10. Validation of a German version of the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS28) and motivation analysis in competitive mountain runners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burtscher, Johannes; Furtner, Marco; Sachse, Pierre; Burtscher, Martin

    2011-06-01

    This study validated a German version of the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS28) and investigated the sex-specific and age-related differences in motivation of competitive mountain runners. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the SMS28 was based on translation and back-translation methodology. Acceptable validity of the German version of the SMS28 was indicated by the high correlations (.81 to .98) of scores on the seven subscales for the English and German versions completed by 15 subjects. Motivation analysis was performed with 127 competitive male and female mountain runners. The seven subscales of the German version showed good internal consistency (Cronbach's coefficient alphas .70 to .85). Findings on motivation of competitive mountain runners were a decline across age groups of Intrinsic motivation toward accomplishment for both sexes and an age-related decline of External regulation only for females. These motivational changes might well be associated with the observed diminishing numbers of older participants in mountain running competitions.

  11. Density-functional approach to the valence change in SmS: Normal and high-pressure phases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, R.; Richter, M.; Steinbeck, L.; Eschrig, H.

    1995-09-01

    The electronic structure of SmS in dependence of the lattice constant is calculated by means of density-functional theory. The local-density approximation (LDA) to the exchange and correlation potential is employed. The 4f electrons, however, are treated in three different ways, viz., (i) as localized core states, (ii) as extended band states, and (iii) as self-interaction corrected (SIC) band states. While the experimentally observed Sm valency of normal state SmS (black phase) cannot be described by methods (i) and (ii) the SIC calculations are consistent with the measured value. For pressures above 30 kbar, method (ii) agrees well with the observed Sm valency, whereas methods (i) and (iii) fail. Therefore we conclude that the phase transition in SmS is very similar to the α-γ transition in Ce metal. The SIC band structure shows the splitting between the occupied and empty 4f states due to the large on-site electron correlation. The Fermi level ɛF is situated in the gap between the S 3p states and the Sm band states mainly of 5d character. In the high-pressure phase the 4f states presumably become delocalized, resulting in vanishing self-interaction corrections. Therefore the uncorrected LDA results are appropriate for the high-pressure phase.

  12. The effectiveness of SMS Reminders and the impact of patient characteristics on missed appointments in a public dental outpatient clinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Bellucci

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on the Failure To Attend (FTA rate of appointments as well as patients following the implementation of SMS reminders in a public dental outpatient service.  Given the ineffectiveness of the intervention and a highly representative patient’s profile, this paper identifies the demographic characteristics of patients who miss all of their appointments.  Data on appointment attendance, patient demographics and dental service type was collected over a time period of 46 consecutive months.  Using descriptive and inferential statistics (chi-square, two sample tests and Marascuilo procedure we found the SMS intervention was ineffective in reducing the FTA rates. Further, patients associated with high rates of non-attendance exhibited one or more of the following characteristics: male; age 26 – 44; non-concession card holders; a person of Indigenous, local, Asian or African descent, and of refugee status, persons living in low socio-economic areas; and appointments in General Care and Student Clinics. Whilst the literature overwhelmingly attributes SMS reminders to improving the attendance rate of patients in outpatient clinics, our contradictory findings suggest a more targeted approach in settings whose patients exhibit strong characteristics associated with non-attendance.

  13. A Service Oriented Architecture to Integrate Short Message Service (SMS Notification in Road Traffic Volume Control System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahi Abu Sarhan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The traffic volume becomes one of the top problems in the world, the volume of traffic spends many time and much money, the traffic volume grows daily, and there is not effective and suitable solutions for grows problem. This paper will present and describe an effective approach to integrate the Service Oriented Architecture with mobile devices and services agents in Traffic Management Systems (TMS. The Traffic Volume Control System (TVCS should enable mobile short message service (SMS notifications. Unfortunately, cellular SMS notification based on services that are not aspect of the TVCS.Developing altered exterior systems and services, to be virtually aspect of TVCS, are one of the most incorporation difficulties. In this paper, a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA approach to includecellular SMS alerts in TVCS is presented. Suggested Structure includes two layers: Service layer and Interface layer. The Service layer includes all the system software. The service layer consists of three sub layers: Orchestration, Application Services, and Agents sub-layers. While the Interface layer interrelates with speed detectors and users via sites, and with exterior organization services via Web services.

  14. Study on the Digital Manufacturing System of Ship Model Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Linsen; TANG Yangping; BIN Hongzan; FENG Qingxiu; XIONG Zhengpeng

    2006-01-01

    Because a ship model surface (SMS) is a large double-curved 3-D surface, the machining efficiency of the current handcraft manufacturing method are very low, and the precision is difficult to control also. In order to greatly improve the machining efficiency and precision of SMS, based on the CAD/CAM/CNC technology, this paper proposed a model of SMS digital manufacturing system, which is composed of five functional modules (preprocess module, CAD module, CAM module, post-process module and CNC module), and a twin-skeg SMS as an example, the key technologies & design principle of the modules were investigated also. Based on the above research works, the first set of 4-axis SMS Digital Manufacturing System in China has been successfully developed, which can reduce the machining time of the twin-skeg SMS from 30 working days needed for the current handcrafting manufacturing method to 8 hours now, and which can control more effectively the precision of SMS also.

  15. Pengembangan Sistem Pengaduan Konsumen Terkait Bisnis Online Berbasis Facebook Open Graph Protocol Dan Sms Gateway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendro Tri Utomo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Tren bisnis online semakin meningkat seiring dengan perkembangan teknologi informasi. Di satu sisi, tren tersebut memberikan kemudahan dan kebebasan bagi konsumen dalam melakukan pembelian barang. Namun, disisi lain bisnis online juga memberikan resiko yang besar bagi konsumen. Berbagai modus penipuan online semakin marak, sementara dasar hukum yang mengaturnya masih baru dan belum tersosialisasikan dengan baik. Sehingga, diperlukan suatu upaya untuk memberikan sosialisasi dan perlindungan terhadap konsumen. Salah satu lembaga yang berperan aktif  dalam upaya perlindungan konsumen adalah Komisi Nasional Perlindungan Konsumen dan Pelaku Usaha (KPKPU. KPKPU memberikan layanan pengaduan masalah, mediasi, sosialisasi hingga perlindungan hukum bagi konsumen. Kendala utama yang dihadapi KPKPU adalah masalah pelaporan yang tidak efisien (manual serta sosialisasi yang kurang cepat (karena keterbatasan sumber daya manusia. Berdasarkan kendala yang dimiliki oleh KPKPU, maka dibutuhkan sistem pengaduan konsumen online (IKOn yang efisien (otomatis sekaligus mampu menjadi media sosialisasi yang dapat menggalang peran serta masyarakat (tidak terbatas hanya sumberdaya KPKPU. Untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tersebut, IKOn dikembangkan dengan teknologi Facebook Open Graph Protocol (FOGP dan SMS Gateway. FOGP digunakan agar aplikasi dapat diintegrasikan didalam situs sosial media Facebook. Sehingga aplikasi dapat memberikan fitur sosial untuk sosialisasi informasi yang lebih cepat.

  16. Injury risk in Danish youth and senior elite handball using a new SMS text messages approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Merete; Attermann, Jørn; Myklebust, Grethe

    2012-01-01

    .8 to 30.4), 15.1 (95% CI 9.7 to 22.2), 11.1 (95% CI 7.0 to 16.6) injuries per 1000 match hours among senior, u-18 and u-16 players, respectively. U-18 male players had an overall 1.76 (95% CI 1.10 to 2.80) times higher risk of injury compared to females. Having had two or more previous injuries causing...... history, demographic information and sports experience, and provided weekly reports of time-loss injuries and handball exposure for 31 weeks by short message service text messaging (SMS). Injuries were further classified by telephone interview.ResultsThe weekly response rate ranged from 85% to 90...... absence from handball for more than 4 weeks increased the risk of new injury in the u-16 group (IRR: 1.79 (95% CI 1.03 to 3.11)-2.23 (95% CI 1.22 to 4.10)).ConclusionThe incidence of time-loss injuries in elite handball was higher during match play than previously reported in recreational handball...

  17. Attitudes towards SMS text message smoking cessation support: a qualitative study of pregnant smokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naughton, Felix; Jamison, James; Sutton, Stephen

    2013-10-01

    SMS text messaging shows promise for delivering smoking cessation support. However, little is known about smokers' feelings towards receiving behavioural advice and support on their mobile phones. This article explores the attitudes of women with experience of prenatal smoking towards receiving pregnancy-related smoking cessation support by text message. Data collected by semi-structured interviews and focus group from women who received either tailored smoking cessation texts or no text support (N = 33) were analysed using thematic analysis. Three themes emerged: convenience, high expectations and perceived source. Texting was regarded as a highly convenient mode of support delivery leading to high levels of attention to messages, although high convenience sometimes resulted in the value of a text being short-lived. Many who did not receive texts had high expectations for text support to intervene with routine smoking behaviour in real time. Those who received texts (with no real-time intervention element), however, felt they were helpful and supportive. Participants discussed how factors relating to perceived source, including personalization, personal relevance and salience of text automatization, could affect message attention and impact. Our findings provide insight into how maximizing personalization and personal relevance can increase the value of text message support and reduce the risk of disengagement.

  18. Molecular Modeling of the Three-Dimensional Structure of Human Sphingomyelin Synthase%Molecular Modeling of the Three-Dimensional Structure of Human Sphingomyelin Synthase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚; 林赋; 邓晓东; 王任小; 叶德泳

    2011-01-01

    Sphingomyelin synthase (SMS) produces sphingomyelin and diacylglycerol from ceramide and phosphatidyl- choline. It plays an important role in cell survival and apoptosis, inflammation, and lipid homeostasis, and therefore has been noticed in recent years as a novel potential drug target. In this study, we combined homology modeling, molecular docking, molecular dynamics simulation, and normal mode analysis to derive a three-dimensional struc- ture of human sphingomyelin synthase (hSMS 1) in complex with sphingomyelin. Our model provides a reasonable explanation on the catalytic mechanism of hSMS 1. It can also explain the high selectivity of hSMS 1 towards phos- phocholine and sphingomyelin as well as some other known experimental results about hSMS1. Moreover, we also derived a complex model of D609, the only known small-molecule inhibitor of hSMS 1 so far. Our hSMS 1 model may serve as a reasonable structural basis for the discovery of more effective small-molecule inhibitors of hSMS 1.

  19. The sensitivity of growth hormone and prolactin secretion to the somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 in patients with prolactinomas and acromegaly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamberts, S W; Zweens, M; Klijn, J G; van Vroonhoven, C C; Stefanko, S Z; Del Pozo, E

    1986-08-01

    The somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 has recently been shown to be effective in suppressing GH secretion in most acromegalic patients. In the present study it was investigated whether PRL release in prolactinoma and acromegalic patients might also be sensitive to SMS 201-995 and whether co-secretion of PRL in acromegaly plays a role in determining the sensitivity of GH secretion to SMS 201-995. The s.c. administration of 50 micrograms SMS 201-995 did not affect high plasma PRL levels in four microprolactinoma patients. Therapy of one of these patients for 3 d with 50 micrograms three times a day also did not affect PRL levels. The single administration of 50 micrograms SMS 201-995 in 22 acromegalic patients lowered plasma GH levels for 2-6 h to less than 5 micrograms/l in 14 patients and to less than 50% of control values in 16 patients. In 18 of these 22 patients the immunohistochemical picture of the pituitary tumour was known. Eleven patients had pure GH-containing tumours and in seven patients there were mixed GH/PRL-containing tumours. In two of these latter patients there was evidence for GH and PRL being secreted by the same tumour cells. The sensitivity of GH secretion to SMS 201-995 did not differ between the patients with pure GH or mixed GH/PRL-containing adenomas. Plasma PRL levels were not affected by SMS 201-995 in the patients with pure GH-secreting tumours, but were significantly suppressed in four of the seven patients with mixed GH/PRL containing tumours. Chronic treatment for 16 weeks of one patient with a mixed GH/PRL-containing tumour with SMS 201-995 (100 micrograms three times a day) resulted in normalization of both the increased GH and PRL levels. It is concluded that SMS 201-995 does not affect tumorous PRL secretion in patients with pure prolactinomas. In acromegalic patients with mixed GH/PRL-containing tumours PRL secretion in some patients is sensitive to SMS 201-995, making these patients good candidates for chronic treatment with

  20. Design and Analysis of a SMS-based Mobile Botnet%一种基于 SMS 的移动僵尸网络的设计及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐建

    2016-01-01

    Botnet is an important threat on computer security. As the development of smart phones,the security threats appeared on the smart phones. Now mobile phone infected virus has become a common phenomenon. Based on the research of mobile phone virus sprea-ding on the way,the spread,command and control mechanisms,and control protocol of mobile botnet are studied in-depth,respectively analyzing the topology of structured and unstructured. Use example to describe how to combine SMS C&C and P2P structure. Based on the SMS mobile botnet,carry on the design and analysis. For mobile botnet,a new type of virus attack mode for mobile phone,will seri-ously affect people’s life,so the continuous study is done and the behavior of the various threats to mobile phones is found.%僵尸网络是计算机重要的安全威胁。随着智能手机的发展,这一安全威胁出现在智能手机上。现在手机中毒已成为普遍现象,在研究了手机传播病毒方式的基础上,对移动僵尸网络的传播、命令控制机制以及控制协议进行了深入研究,分别分析了结构化和非结构化的拓扑结构,用示例来描述如何将 SMS 信息的 C&C 通道与 P2P 的拓扑结构相结合,对基于 SMS 的移动僵尸网络进行设计和分析。对于移动僵尸网络这种新型的手机病毒攻击模式将会严重影响人们的生活,因此必须不断地研究、发现各种威胁手机的行为。

  1. Beyond Basic Feedback in Mobile Brief Interventions: Designing SMS Message Content for Delivery to Young Adults During Risky Drinking Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Cassandra J C; Dietze, Paul M; Lim, Megan S C

    2017-06-20

    Brief interventions can reduce alcohol consumption in young people through screening and delivery of personally relevant feedback. Recently, Web and mobile platforms have been harnessed to increase the reach of brief interventions. Existing literature on mobile-based alcohol brief interventions indicates mixed use of theory in developing interventions. There is no research available to guide the development of SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) interventions delivered during risky drinking events. The aim of this study was to develop and pilot an alcohol-related risk-reduction brief intervention delivered by SMS to Australian young adults during drinking events. This paper describes the development of intervention message content, with specific focus on the context of delivery during drinking events. A sample of 42 young adults attended 4 workshops; these comprised focus-group style discussion on drinking habits and motivations, discussion of intervention design, analysis of existing alcohol media campaigns, and participant development of message content. Data were analyzed thematically. Participants described a focus on having fun and blocking out any incongruent negative influences during drinking episodes. For content to be acceptable, nonjudgmental and non-authoritative language was deemed essential. A preference for short, actionable messages was observed, including suggestions for reminders around drinking water, organizing transport home, checking on friends, and plans the next day. Participants were excited about the potential for messages to be tailored to individuals, as previous alcohol-related campaigns were deemed too generic and often irrelevant. Normative-based messages were also perceived as largely irrelevant as participants felt that they understood the drinking-related norms of their immediate peers already. Findings from this study offer insights into young adults' drinking events and practical advice for designing alcohol

  2. First Case Report of Smith-Magenis Syndrome (SMS) Among the Arab Community in Nazareth: View and Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nijim, Yousif; Adawi, Amin; Bisharat, Bishara; Bowirrat, Abdalla

    2016-01-01

    Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS0) is a complex and rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by a variable pattern of cognitive deficits accompanied by a1 distinctive behavioral phenotype. SMS is characterized by subtle facial dysmorphology, short stature, sleep disturbances, and neurobehavioral abnormalities. Little is known about the manifestation of his unique case among Arab population and its strategic treatment.This study comes to present a case of SMS in an Arab newborn male who was born in spontaneous delivery on June 29, 2015, with tachypnea, tracheomalacia, and mild hypotonia. The newborn was admitted on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and various laboratory examinations and clinical examinations were performed.Throughout his hospitalization, feeding difficulties appeared and thus a peripheral venous catheter was inserted in the left leg.After 22 days of follow-up and hospitalizations, the patient status improved and he was discharged with recommendations to be in follow up in pediatric outpatient clinic.However, notwithstanding the different investigations, intermittent tachypnea continued at a rate of 72 to 77 breaths/min. Search for diagnosis begin intensively owing to persistence of tachypnia, mild hypotonia, feeding difficulties, sleep disturbances, and mild dysmorphic facial features. Suspicions of genetic abnormalities were considered and blood samples were sent for chromosome analysis and for fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) testing.The genetic results revealed the following: cytogenetic findings: 46, XY, del(17)(p11.2) and the FISH results: del(17)(p11.2p11.2) (D17S29). The chromosome diagnosis revealed an interstitial deletion of 17p11.2 and the diagnosis of the SMS was confirmed.Accurate clinical diagnosis, therapeutic assessments and a holistic management plans, including multidiscipline therapeutic strategies, periodic neuro-developmental assessments, and an early intervention programs, are recommended

  3. The efficacy of motivational counseling and SMS-reminders on daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esbensen, Bente Appel; Thomsen, Tanja; Hetland, Merete L

    2015-01-01

    that SB can be reduced by behavioural interventions in healthy populations. However, it remains unexplored whether it is valid for patients with RA also. Therefore, the aim of this trial is to investigate the efficacy of an individually tailored, theory-based motivational counseling intervention...... group receiving usual care. The intervention includes: 1) individual motivational counseling (in total 3 sessions) on reduction of daily sitting time in combination with 2) individual Short Text Message Service (SMS) reminders over a 16-week intervention period. Primary outcome is change in daily...

  4. CMS-Wave Model: Part 5. Full-plane Wave Transformation and Grid Nesting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    are available in previous reports and CHETNs (Lin et al. 2006; Demirbilek et al. 2007). CMS -Wave is part of the Coastal Modeling System ( CMS ...the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ (USACE) Surface-water Modeling System (SMS). The CMS -Wave FP option is available in SMS Version 11.1 and higher...ERDC/CHL CHETN-IV-81 April 2012 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. CMS -Wave Model: Part 5. Full-plane Wave Transformation

  5. Autonomous Marine Seismic Survey Systems for Seafloor Massive Sulfide (SMS) Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asakawa, E.; Murakami, F.; Tsukahara, H.; Lee, S.; Saito, S.; Tara, K.; Sumi, T.; Kadoshima, K.; Kose, M.

    2016-12-01

    The Cabinet Office, Government Japan started the Cross-ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program (SIP) in 2014. "Next-generation Ocean Resource Exploration Techniques" is scheduled under SIP from 2014 to 2018. J-MARES participates this program and aims "Multi-stage and integrated approach for Seafloor Massive Sulfide(SMS) exploration" through the development of highly efficient and cost-effective geophysical exploration methods mainly on seismic and EM methods. J-MARES proposed Vertical Cable Seismic (VCS) technique as seismic survey. It is one of reflection seismic methods that uses hydrophone arrays vertically moored from the seafloor. It is useful to delineate detailed structures in a spatially-limited area efficiently. JGI, a member of J-MARES, has developed autonomous VCS systems and carried out several VCS surveys in hydrothermal fields and the detailed subsurface structure is revealed up to 100m. VCS surveys have provides high resolution results but it covers a small survey area with a limited number of vertical cables. To expand the survey area, we operate ROV for re-deployments of the VCS. Another approach is to develop a deep-towed seismic system based on the VCS technology. We re-deployed the vertical cables using ROV. The ROV moved to the location of vertical cable using SSBL navigation and the video information. After arriving the location of vertical cable, the ROV grabbed the anchor and moved it to next target point. We carried out 3 time re-deployment VCS survey with four vertical cables in Iheya North Knoll, Okinawa Trough. The combined seismic sections of the 3 patches are consistent without any gap of each section. Following this, we modified the VCS system to use as a more efficient deep-tow seismic survey system. Although there are other deep-tow seismic systems, signal cables present challenges in deep waters. We use VCS technology in order to avoid these problems. The basic idea is autonomous recording system and we call it ACS

  6. Short message service (SMS) texting as a method of communication during on call: prevalence and experience of medical staff in a large acute NHS Trust in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matharu, J; Hale, B; Ammar, M; Brennan, P A

    2016-10-01

    With the widespread use of smartphones, text messaging has become an accepted form of communication for both social and professional use in medicine. To our knowledge no published studies have assessed the prevalence and use of short message service (SMS) texting by doctors on call. We have used an online questionnaire to seek information from doctors in a large NHS Trust in the UK about their use of texting while on call, what they use it for, and whether they send images relevant to patients' care. We received 302 responses (43% response rate), of whom 166 (55%) used SMS while on call. There was a significant association between SMS and age group (p=0.005), with the 20-30-year-old group using it much more than the other age groups. Doctors in the surgical specialties used it significantly less than those in other speciality groups (pcall was deemed to be safe and reliable (pcall.

  7. Topological Properties and the Dynamical Crossover from Mixed-Valence to Kondo-Lattice Behavior in the Golden Phase of SmS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Chang-Jong; Choi, Hong Chul; Kim, Kyoo; Min, B I

    2015-04-24

    We have investigated temperature-dependent behaviors of electronic structure and resistivity in a mixed-valent golden phase of SmS, based on the dynamical mean-field-theory band-structure calculations. Upon cooling, the coherent Sm 4f bands are formed to produce the hybridization-induced pseudogap near the Fermi level, and accordingly the topology of the Fermi surface is changed to exhibit a Lifshitz-like transition. The surface states emerging in the bulk gap region are found to be not topologically protected states but just typical Rashba spin-polarized states, indicating that SmS is not a topological Kondo semimetal. From the analysis of anomalous resistivity behavior in SmS, we have identified universal energy scales, which characterize the Kondo-mixed-valent semimetallic systems.

  8. 电信移动业务网络风险评估和安全防护%The Security Evaluation and Defending Work of Mobile SMS Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周鸣; 常霞

    2013-01-01

    文章针对电信网络安全评估体系做了全面介绍,并结合短消息网的安全评估和防护工作对电信网络的安全评估体系做了深入分析。根据评估的安全漏洞对短消息网进行了安全整治,取得了良好的效果,保证了通信网络的安全可靠运行。%The paper introduces the architecture of telecommunication network security evaluation. According to the security evaluation and defending work of SMS network, the security evaluation architecture of telecommunication network is analysed in-depth. The security vulnerability is repaired in the SMS network, assuring SMS network to work normally.

  9. 从SMS构建谈公司法律风险防范%On company's Legal Risk Prevention from Building of SMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成慧; 耿宝金

    2012-01-01

    SMS(safety management system)是“安全管理体系”的缩略语,该体系以风险管理为核心。SMS模式对公司法律风险防范具有启示意义,构建保障公司运营法制安全的SMS有独特价值。在SMS构建中,为何防范,防范什么,如何防范,达到什么样的安全状态,都是需要加以重视和解决的。文章以防范公司法律风险的SMS构建为研究重点,从法律风险防范的必要性、法律风险防范几种状态的比较及SMS的独特优势、SMS的建设内容和要求几个方面展开探讨。%SMS is the abbreviation of the safety management system, in which the heart is the risk managemerit. SMS has implications for the company's legal risk prevention. SMS has a unique value to build the legal security of the protection of company operations. Why need to prevent, what to prenvent, how to prevent and What kind of security status? All these need attention and solution. This paper focuses on SMS construction,including Explorating several aspects of the need for legal risk prevention, legal risk prevention in several states, the unique advantages of SMS,SMS building content and requirements.

  10. Pengelolaan Sistem Informasi Akademik Berbasis SMS Gateway di MTs. Ma’arif 7 Bomo Punung Kabupaten Pacitan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heri Widiyantoro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are: to describe the planning design and the implementation of the system as well as describe the public response to the school. The methods used in this study is a qualitatif approach, that is by interviewing, observing, and documenting as the data collection techniques. The planning of system design, is begun by doing a needs analysis that will be “shared” through SMS access, i.e student’s attendance, the student’s scores, and the notices to the student’s parents. The system implementation is applied to two users groups. They are internal user and external user. From the results of the test of system implementation it is obtained that the timeliness rate is 6.8 seconds, the accuracy of the system is 100 %, and reliability rate is 100%, and the operating procedure is quite easy and familiar. While the public response fully supports the implementation of academic information system, because it can be accessed anytime, and averywhere through SMS, as well as can foster a public positive image to the school, because of the changes and improvements made by the school especially in the academic services as a new breakthrough in the field of technology.

  11. Seguimiento y control de pacientes fumadores en proceso de deshabituación mediante SMS. Una experiencia en e-salud

    OpenAIRE

    Abella i Pons, Francesc; Vilarasau, Assumpció; Cuadrado, Josep; Solsona Tehàs, Francesc; Alves, Rui; Vilaplana, Jordi; Serra, Joan

    2014-01-01

    El consumo de tabaco continúa siendo una importante causa de morbilidad y mortalidad. El proceso terapéutico para abandonar el tabaco consiste en la desintoxicación física de la nicotina y en el mantenimiento de la abstinencia de su consumo. Nuestro estudio se sitúa en este contexto, ofreciendo una estrategia de apoyo por SMS y monitorizando al paciente a lo largo del tratamiento. Material y método. Este estudio longitudinal compara dos grupos de pacientes: uno con apoyo a través de SMS...

  12. 多通道短信服务平台的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Multi-Channel SMS Service Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亮; 李琼

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the deficiencies of the current SMS service,combined with the strengths and weaknesses of the enterprise messages sending with the existing platform interface of mobile communications operators and SMS agents and SMS sending device of SIM card. It designs and realizes a Web-based multi-channel SMS service platform. The platform can send messages via the gateway channel of operators, the third-part sp SMS platform and SMS cat, to solve the problem that a channel not being able to send messages due to network failure, and to meet the requirement of corporate customers to send different types and different charges of SMS. The platform also designs a variety of secondary development interfaces for enterprise customers to integrate SMS function into the enterprise business system.%分析了当前短信服务的不足,结合移动通信运营商和短信代理商现有的平台接口以及SIM卡短信发送设备发送企业短信的优点和不足,设计并实现一个基于Web的多通道的短信服务平台。该平台可以通过运营商的网关通道,第三方sp短信平台以及短信猫等方式发送短信,解决了某条通道由于网络故障无法发送短信的问题,也满足了企业客户发送不同类型不同资费的短信的需求。同时平台还为企业客户设计了多种二次开发的接口方便企业将短信功能集成到自身的业务系统中。

  13. Provenance analysis of the SMS ANDRILL core: Trends in sandstone composition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassett, K. N.; Barnard, S.

    2010-12-01

    The sedimentary fill in the southern McMurdo Sound of the Ross Sea provides a unique record. There are several distinct transitions in sand grain composition in the SMS core that record the advance and retreat of local glaciers draining off the Transantarctic Mountains into the basin, volcanic eruptions associated with rifting, and perhaps the growth and collapse of the West Antarctic ice sheet. Sand grain composition in the uppermost part of the core is dominantly primary volcanic (LSU1) recording derivation from a local basaltic vent that formed as part of the Dailey Islands volcanic field. Other peaks in volcanic glass content occur between ~170-224 m and ~550-660 m indicating periods of increased volcanic activity. Basement-derived grains increase markedly at ~42m, the transition from LSU1 to 2, including quartz, feldspar, biotite, muscovite, chlorite, schist, marble, basalt, and granite lithics associated with a decrease in volcanics and olivine. These record derivation from the Granite Harbour Intrusives and Koettlitz Group metasediments, delivered via the local Blue and Koettlitz Glaciers during the height of Plio-Pleistocene glacial advances. Basement-derived grain concentrations remain high until at ~165 m, mid-way down LSU4, the marble drops out. This may correspond to the minor unconformity at the base of the Pliocene deposits in the core marking the transition to Upper Miocene glaciations. Below this, marble clasts only occur as isolated peaks which may most strongly correlate with a very large Koettlitz Glacier. At ~224 m depth (the transition from LSU4 to 5), muscovite, basalt and olivine decrease and at ~340 m (LSU6 to 7) biotite, granite and amphibole decrease. Isolated increases occur again around ~500 m and ~600 m and may correspond to advances of local glaciers. Well rounded quartz grains, some with attached cements, increase abruptly at ~224 m (LSU4 to 5) and correlate strongly with orthopyroxenes in thin section. These are derived from Beacon

  14. E-mail og/eller SMS: 22 husholdningers erfaringer på baggrund af et års feedback om elforbruget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Anders

    Hovedresultatet er, at husholdningerne værdsætter on-line information (via sms og e-mail) om udviklingen i deres elforbrug. Husholdningerne værdsætter dette uafhængigt af deres holdninger i øvrigt til energibesparelser. Informationen giver husholdningerne en ønsket oplevelse af kontrol. Rapporten...

  15. Interpreting the Standard of SMS Language in Memetics%手机短信语言规范的模因论阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春雷

    2011-01-01

    手机短信语言中存在诸多不规范的语用现象,这与手机短信语言模因变异密切相关。规范手机短信语言,首先,应处理好语言模因变异与语言规范的关系;第二,干扰不规范模因变异的传播,阻止不规范语用的凸显;第三,用规范的语言模因引导手机短信语言的使用。%There are many non-standard language phenomena in SMS language,which has much to do with the meme variation of SMS language.In order to standardize SMS language,it is necessary,first of all,to properly handle the relationship between meme variation and language standard,second,to prevent the spread of non-standard meme variation,and third,to guide the use of SMS language with standard language meme.

  16. E-mail og/eller SMS: 22 husholdningers erfaringer på baggrund af et års feedback om elforbruget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Anders

    Hovedresultatet er, at husholdningerne værdsætter on-line information (via sms og e-mail) om udviklingen i deres elforbrug. Husholdningerne værdsætter dette uafhængigt af deres holdninger i øvrigt til energibesparelser. Informationen giver husholdningerne en ønsket oplevelse af kontrol. Rapporten...

  17. Android智能手机中删除短信的提取%Extracting the Deleted SMS Data from an Android Smart Phone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙源; 邢桂东; 郭丽莉; 楚川红; 仲利静

    2015-01-01

    本文介绍了对 Android 手机物理内存镜像进行关键字搜索获取删除短信数据的案件检验实例。本案中嫌疑人已对涉案手机进行了数据删除操作,现有手机取证工具只能获取部分删除短信数据。但通过获取该手机物理存储镜像,并结合案情选定关键词对镜像进行关键字搜索,最终提取到了与案件相关的删除短信数据,为Android 手机检验中删除短信检验提供了一种新的方法。%This paper introduces a digital forensic examination on storage dump from an Android smart phone to access the deleted SMS data. The SMS data had been deleted by the suspect from the Android smart phone. Part of the deleted SMS data could be recovered using DC-4500 mobile phone forensic system and Oxygen Forensic Suite 2014, but proved to be irrelevant to the case. Commonly, the above software can only analyze the SMS database file, thus the deleted data would no longer exist in the SMS database if the sqlite database had already recycled the storage space. Therefore, a new inspection method was deployed to access the deleted SMS data. At first, the Android phone was rooted and its hex-dump got with DC-4500 mobile phone forensic system, and then some keywords were selected and searched through the hex-dump by X-Way Forensics. Subjected to further analysis, the evidentially deleted SMS data fragment that the suspects tried to destroy after committing their crime, was finally found in the free space of hex-dump. Currently, Android smart-phones involved in cases are even more commonly emerging, resulting in the ever-increased necessity to get relevant hex-dumps from the phones and obtain data through keyword-searching into them. The method of this paper could be taken as a reference for future work.

  18. The efficacy of motivational counseling and SMS-reminders on daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esbensen, Bente Appel; Thomsen, Tanja; Hetland, Merete L

    2015-01-01

    , and finally to assess the cost-effectiveness of the intervention. METHODS/DESIGN: For this parallel group randomized trial, 150 patients with RA and at least 5 hours of sitting time per day, will be recruited from a rheumatology outpatient clinic, and block-randomized to the intervention group or the control...... group receiving usual care. The intervention includes: 1) individual motivational counseling (in total 3 sessions) on reduction of daily sitting time in combination with 2) individual Short Text Message Service (SMS) reminders over a 16-week intervention period. Primary outcome is change in daily...... sitting time (minutes) from baseline to 16 weeks measured objectively using an ActivPAL® Activity Monitor. Secondary outcomes include fatigue, pain, physical function, HR-QoL, self-efficacy, costs and cost-effectiveness. Furthermore, anthropometric measures will be included as well as measurement of blood...

  19. Drinking water consumption patterns among adults-SMS as a novel tool for collection of repeated self-reported water consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Säve-Söderbergh, Melle; Toljander, Jonas; Mattisson, Irene; Åkesson, Agneta; Simonsson, Magnus

    2017-06-14

    Studies have shown that the average drinking water consumption ranges between 0.075 and 3 L/day for adults with both national and regional differences. For exposure assessment of drinking water hazards, country-specific drinking water consumption data including sources of the consumed water may therefore be warranted. To estimate the amount and source of drinking water consumed among adults in Sweden, we collected self-reported estimates using both traditional methods (telephone interviews, web questionnaire) and a novel method (Short Message Service, SMS questionnaires) in a population from an average sized Swedish municipality. Monthly SMS questionnaires were sent out during one year to obtain longitudinal information as well. SMS showed to be a promising tool for collecting self-reported consumption, as most citizens could participate and the method showed high response rate. Data collected via the SMS questionnaire shows an average consumption of cold tap water of 4.9 glasses/24 h (one glass=200 ml), while the average estimates of cold tap water collected by the traditional methods range from 4.5 to 7.0 glasses/24 h. For statistical distributions, the mean daily consumption of cold tap water for the population was best fitted to a gamma distribution. About 70% of the cold tap water is consumed at home. Based on the results from the SMS study, we suggest using 1 l/day for the average adult population and 2.5 l/day for high consumers for risk assessment of cold tap water consumption. As 46% of the tap water consumed is heated, we suggest using 1.85 l/day for total tap water consumption.Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology advance online publication, 14 June 2017; doi:10.1038/jes.2017.8.

  20. Implementing an interprofessional model of self-management support across a community workforce: A mixed-methods evaluation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulnik, Stefan Tino; Pöstges, Heide; Brimicombe, Lucinda; Hammond, John; Jones, Fiona

    2017-01-01

    The importance of implementing self-management support (SMS) is now widely accepted, but questions remain as to how. In 2015, we facilitated the implementation of an interprofessional model of SMS (Bridges Self-Management) for people with complex multiple long-term conditions through community rehabilitation and social care services in one Southeast England locality. Over 90 professionals and support workers from this workforce received interprofessional training to integrate SMS into their care and rehabilitation interactions. This gave an opportunity to explore how SMS can be implemented in practice. We conducted a mixed-methods study with unequal weighting (qualitative emphasis), concurrent timing, and embedded design. Staff provided written feedback and case reflections, participated in group discussions, and completed a survey of self-management beliefs and attitudes. We recruited a convenience sample of 10 service users and conducted qualitative interviews and standardised questionnaires. Findings showed that staff appreciated and benefited from the interprofessional learning environment. Staff reported changes in their interactions with service users and colleagues and had gained knowledge and confidence to support individuals to self-manage. Data also highlighted the need to facilitate SMS practice at the level of service organisation. Service user data illustrated the impact of interactions with staff, and how SMS had increased service users' confidence and encouraged different skills to manage life with their conditions. This project has shown how multi-agency community teams can benefit from interprofessional training to enhance SMS for people living with long-term conditions, build a shared understanding of SMS, and integrate effective SMS strategies into everyday practices.

  1. Locating Mobility: Practices of co-presence and the persistence of the postal metaphor in SMS/ MMS mobile phone customization in Melbourne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Hjorth

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the marked features of ICT’s (Information and Communication Technologies mobility (literal and electronic is the role of customization in location (Castells, 2001; Manovich, 2001. When we think of "customizing" mobile phones we often summon up an image of techno-savvy places such as Tokyo where the outside of the mobile phone (keitai is adorned with a plethora of cute (kawaii characters in, for example, the style of Hello Kitty. Indeed, much of the Asia-Pacific region seems characterized by seemingly every form of mobile phone adornment. One could be mistaken, then, for thinking that Melbourne is out of place in the mobile flows of the region. However, Melbourne demonstrates that customization can also occur inside the mobile phone. Customization is not just a matter of wallpapers and ringtones. It is also the case that customizing of applications such as SMS (Short Message Service speaks of specific processes of subjectivity, cultural capital (Bourdieu, 1984[1979]; McVeigh, 2003 and locality (Massey, 1993. Such internal customization operates as an important mode for users to become active producers in the extension of conventions of the emerging genre.Once just an application used for its simplicity and affordability, SMS has grown to be an enduring mode of mobile phone communication (Goggin, 2004. The resilience and evolution of SMS practices has resulted in it surpassing the role of a "making-do" application; SMS has grown to accommodate particular modes of etiquette and to signify gestures of intimacy. I argue that SMS customization is central to a personalizing and localizing of remediated technologies (Bolter and Grusin, 1999 that is best understood as a persistence of the postal metaphor. As a remediated genre reminiscent of such genres as the 18th century visiting card (Milne, 2004, SMS and its practices of co-presence need to be understood in terms of earlier genres of telepresence and intimacy . In order to discuss some of

  2. A Qualitative Study to Inform the Design, Content and Structure of an Interactive SMS Messaging Service in Chikwawa, Malawi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Laidlaw

    2015-10-01

    Five themes were identified encapsulating the opinions and beliefs of the residents in Chimoto and Sikenala; Current Health Education Practices, Message Content, Mobile Phone Access, Trust in the SCHI and Sustainability. Current Health Education Practices refers to the current availability of health education, the access to such information and self-reported need for further information in more accessible means. Message Content depicts participants’ need for practical application of the messages they receive and adequate information for the participant to make an informed choice about their own health. In terms of the SMS Messaging Service, participants had no preference as to frequency or volume of messages but stated they would prefer to receive messages out with school hours. Mobile Phone Access represents the participants’ fears around accessibility of the service to those without mobile devices. The sharing of messages and mobile phones with friends and family was discussed as a potential method to overcome this barrier. Trust in the SCHI depicts the residents’ positive views of the project and that they would believe the content of the messages because they trust the SCHI as the source, especially if they recognised a designated project mobile number. This was affirmed by their declaration to share messages with those without phone access. Weariness of the service was identified only in terms of cost because of negative experiences with other subscription services. Finally Sustainability encapsulates the participants’ views on the long term aims of the messaging service and their request for the project to follow up with visits and services in addition to the messages. They particularly emphasising a need for face-to-face communication. Conclusions From this analysis it appears that the sampled participants are on board with the messaging service, and have provided in depth detailed examples of the type of information they require, specifically

  3. Validity of the SMS, Phone, and medical staff Examination sports injury surveillance system for time-loss and medical attention injuries in sports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, M.; Wedderkopp, Niels; Myklebust, G.

    2017-01-01

    The accurate measurement of sport exposure time and injury occurrence is key to effective injury prevention and management. Current measures are limited by their inability to identify all types of sport-related injury, narrow scope of injury information, or lack the perspective of the injured...... athlete. The aims of the study were to evaluate the proportion of injuries and the agreement between sport exposures reported by the SMS messaging and follow-up telephone part of the SMS, Phone, and medical staff Examination (SPEx) sports injury surveillance system when compared to measures obtained...... measures of injury consequences beyond time-loss from sport. However, this needs to be further evaluated in large-scale studies....

  4. Lay persons alerted by mobile application system initiate earlier cardio-pulmonary resuscitation: A comparison with SMS-based system notification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caputo, Maria Luce; Muschietti, Sandro; Burkart, Roman; Benvenuti, Claudio; Conte, Giulio; Regoli, François; Mauri, Romano; Klersy, Catherine; Moccetti, Tiziano; Auricchio, Angelo

    2017-05-01

    We compared the time to initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by lay responders and/or first responders alerted either via Short Message Service (SMS) or by using a mobile application-based alert system (APP). The Ticino Registry of Cardiac Arrest collects all data about out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) occurring in the Canton of Ticino. At the time of a bystander's call, the EMS dispatcher sends one ambulance and alerts the first-responders network made up of police officers or fire brigade equipped with an automatic external defibrillator, the so called "traditional" first responders, and - if the scene was considered safe - lay responders as well. We evaluated the time from call to arrival of traditional first responders and/or lay responders when alerted either via SMS or the new developed mobile APP. Over the study period 593 OHCAs have occurred. Notification to the first responders network was sent via SMS in 198 cases and via mobile APP in 134 cases. Median time to first responder/lay responder arrival on scene was significantly reduced by the APP-based system (3.5 [2.8-5.2]) compared to the SMS-based system (5.6 [4.2-8.5] min, p 0.0001). The proportion of lay responders arriving first on the scene significantly increased (70% vs. 15%, pfirst responder or of a lay responder determined a higher survival rate. The mobile APP system is highly efficient in the recruitment of first responders, significantly reducing the time to the initiation of CPR thus increasing survival rates. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Lorentz Violation of the Photon Sector in Field Theory Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingli Zhou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We compare the Lorentz violation terms of the pure photon sector between two field theory models, namely, the minimal standard model extension (SME and the standard model supplement (SMS. From the requirement of the identity of the intersection for the two models, we find that the free photon sector of the SMS can be a subset of the photon sector of the minimal SME. We not only obtain some relations between the SME parameters but also get some constraints on the SMS parameters from the SME parameters. The CPT-odd coefficients (kAFα of the SME are predicted to be zero. There are 15 degrees of freedom in the Lorentz violation matrix Δαβ of free photons of the SMS related with the same number of degrees of freedom in the tensor coefficients (kFαβμν, which are independent from each other in the minimal SME but are interrelated in the intersection of the SMS and the minimal SME. With the related degrees of freedom, we obtain the conservative constraints (2σ on the elements of the photon Lorentz violation matrix. The detailed structure of the photon Lorentz violation matrix suggests some applications to the Lorentz violation experiments for photons.

  6. DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING BLUETOOTH COMMUNICATION-BASED SMS PLATFORM%基于蓝牙通信的短信平台设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑞

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the design and implementation of an SMS platform, and a scheme of system solution based on Bluetooth communication is put forward as well. This platform achieves remote sending/receiving and management of SMS by using a novel method of interactive Bluetooth communication between PC and Smartphone. Other additional functions are realised too. The completed platform has been tested operating well. Compared to traditional SMS platform solution, it has the features of strong compatibility, scalability and lower system cost, therefore has wide application prospect on the platform of Smartphone.%介绍短信平台的设计与实现,给出了基于蓝牙通信网络的系统解决方案,系统利用PC与Smartphone间蓝牙交互通信的全新方法实现SMS的远程收发和管理,还实现了其他附加功能.系统完成后经测试运行良好.与传统的短信平台方案相比具有兼容性好、可扩展性强和系统成本低等特点,在SmartPhone平台中具有广泛的应用前景.

  7. Zhangjiakou Meteorological SMS System Research and Development%张家口气象短信业务系统研究与开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘星燕

    2011-01-01

    本文介绍了张家口气象短信业务系统的研究与开发,系统主要分为三部分,手机短信用语库、短信制作与发送及短信定制与投诉管理。系统的开发,使气象短信在内容和形式上更加多样化、生活化、趣味化和艺术化,短信的错情率大大降低,投诉的客服工作也更加方便。%This paper describes the SMS system Zhangfiakou meteorological research and development,the system is divided into three parts,cell phone text message language library, and send SMS text messages with custom-made and complaints management.System development,the weather messages more diverse in content and form of life,interesting and artistic,SMS significantly reduced the rate of error conditions,customer complaints,work more convenient.

  8. Sistem Layanan Informasi dan Pemesanan Nomor Antrian Menggunakan Media SMS Berbasis Komunikasi Serial Asinkron Multipoint Standar RS-485

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Kurnianto

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Sistem layanan informasi dan pemesanan nomor antrian terpusat melalui media handphone dapat dijadikan sebagai  salah satu solusi untuk mempermudah masyarakat dalam melakukan antrian sehingga aktivitas mereka bisa berjalan dengan baik dan waktu mereka tidak terbuang terlalu lama. Dengan menggunakan sistem ini, nasabah dapat dengan mudah melihat kondisi antrian saat ini dan memesan nomor antrian, yaitu dengan mengirimkan SMS berupa kata “daftar” untuk memesan nomor antrian dan kata “info” untuk mengetahui kondisi antrian ke handphone server. Personal komputer digunakan sebagai pusat pengendalian yang berfungsi untuk mengirim dan menerima data dari hanphone dan dari mikrokontroler pada unit slave. Komunikasi data antara komputer sentral dengan mikrokontroler berjalan dengan menggunakan komunikasi serial asinkron multipoint  dengan baudrate 57600 bps. Komunikasi serial antara komputer sentral dengan handphone berjalan dengan baudrate 19200 bps. Dari hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa sistem layanan informasi dan pemesanan nomor antrian dapat bekerja dengan baik. Informasi yang diberikan saat nasabah mendaftar nomor antrian  melalui handphone berupa nomor antrian dan password. Informasi yang diberikan komputer sentral saat nasabah meminta informasi kondisi antrian berupa berupa jumlah nasabah yang terdaftar pada sistem antrian saat ini, nomor antrian yang sedang dilayani pada masing-masing loket, waktu tutup antrian.

  9. Mobile Phone Short Message Service (SMS) for Weight Management in Iranian Overweight and Obese Women: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faghanipour, Somayeh; Hajikazemi, Eftekharalsadat; Nikpour, Soghra; Shariatpanahi, Shabnam Al-Sadat; Hosseini, Agha Fatemeh

    2013-01-01

    We conducted a text message-based intervention for weight management over three months by two months intervention and one month wash-out period. In a quasi-experimental study with control (n = 40) and experimental group (n = 40), 80 overweight and obese employed women were entered. Participants were recruited via announcement. All subjects attended a face-to-face information session and received a booklet that contained food calorie chart and strategies and recommendations for weight management. The experimental group received text messages (SMS) about weight management twice a day for two months, in addition to the information and the booklet which they had received in the information session. Also, the experimental group was instructed to weekly self-weight and to send the data to the principle researcher. All subjects were measured for baseline and secondary weight in a standardized manner by a nurse, and the data were compared between the two groups. Experimental group lost more weight than the control group (1.5 kg difference, P = 0.018). Text messaging seems to be an effective channel of communication for weight management in Iranian overweight and obese women. The clinical trial registration number is IRCT201204029360N1.

  10. Impact of SMS/GPRS printers in reducing time to early infant diagnosis compared to routine result reporting: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vojnov, Lara; Markby, Jessica; Boeke, Caroline; Penazzato, Martina; Urick, Brittany; Ghadrshenas, Anisa; Harris, Lindsay; Ford, Nathan; Peter, Trevor

    2017-08-18

    Despite significant gains made towards improving access, early infant diagnosis (EID) testing programs suffer from long test turnaround times that result in substantial loss to follow-up and mortality associated with delays in antiretroviral therapy initiation. These delays in treatment initiation are particularly impactful due to significant HIV-related infant mortality observed by 2-3 months of age. Short message service (SMS) and general packet radio service (GPRS) printers allow test results to be transmitted immediately to health care facilities upon completion of testing in the laboratory. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the benefit of using SMS/GPRS printers to increase the efficiency of EID test result delivery compared with traditional courier paper-based results delivery methods. We identified 11 studies contributing data for over 16,000 patients from East and Southern Africa. The test turnaround time from specimen collection to result received at the health care facility with courier paper-based methods was 68.0 days (n=6,835), while the test turnaround time with SMS/GPRS printers was 51.1 days (n=6,711), resulting in a 2.5 week (25%) reduction in turnaround time. Courier paper-based EID test result delivery methods are estimated to add 2.5 weeks to EID test turnaround times in low resource settings and increase the risk that infants receive test results during or after the early peak of infant mortality. SMS/GPRS result delivery to health care facility printers significantly reduced test turnaround time and may reduce this risk. SMS/GPRS printers should be considered for expedited delivery of EID and other centralized laboratory test results.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used

  11. 基于SMS法的大功率COB光源窄光束设计%Design of Narrow Beam for High-power COB Light Source Based on SMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 沈为民; 黄杰; 王乐; 王少雷; 贺志华; 佟飞

    2014-01-01

    针对集成光源难以实现小发光角的问题,提出了一种大功率COB光源实现窄光束的设计方法。根据COB光源的出射光分布以及预设的光分布范围选用折射-折射(RR)系统。以选定的COB光源的光谱分布及配光曲线为标准建立光源模型,由复合抛物面(CPC)实现朗伯光源60°的聚光之后,再利用光学扩展量守恒以及同步多曲面方法(SMS)求得透镜前后两个曲面轮廓上点的坐标,进行曲线拟合获得轮廓曲线,进而得到透镜的三维模型。采用光学仿真软件对系统进行光线追迹,结果表明:系统在出光口处的发散角控制在30°之内,半光强度角为11.336°,整体光效达到89.398%,效果良好。%For integrated light source cannot be easily realized with small emitting angle, a method of designing narrow beam for high-power COB light source is proposed. According to light distribution of the source and the desired light distribution of emergent rays, an optical system with Refraction-refraction(R-R) was chosen. The source model was established based on spectral distribution and relative intensity of the chosen COB light source, and then the divergence angle of a Lambertian source was reduced to 60° by using the Compound Parabolic Concentrator(CPC). Points on profile curves of the front surface and the behind surface of the lens were obtained with the extended conservation law and the Simultaneous Multiple Surface (SMS). Profile curves were obtained by curve fitting with these points, and then the lens model was established with three-dimensional software. The optical system was simulated with ray-tracing software. The results show that the divergence angle of the system is controlled within 30° in the optical port, the angle of the half of light intensity is 11.336°, and the total luminous efficiency is up to 89.398%.

  12. Sustainable Cost Models for mHealth at Scale: Modeling Program Data from m4RH Tanzania.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily R Mangone

    Full Text Available There is increasing evidence that mobile phone health interventions ("mHealth" can improve health behaviors and outcomes and are critically important in low-resource, low-access settings. However, the majority of mHealth programs in developing countries fail to reach scale. One reason may be the challenge of developing financially sustainable programs. The goal of this paper is to explore strategies for mHealth program sustainability and develop cost-recovery models for program implementers using 2014 operational program data from Mobile for Reproductive Health (m4RH, a national text-message (SMS based health communication service in Tanzania.We delineated 2014 m4RH program costs and considered three strategies for cost-recovery for the m4RH program: user pay-for-service, SMS cost reduction, and strategic partnerships. These inputs were used to develop four different cost-recovery scenarios. The four scenarios leveraged strategic partnerships to reduce per-SMS program costs and create per-SMS program revenue and varied the structure for user financial contribution. Finally, we conducted break-even and uncertainty analyses to evaluate the costs and revenues of these models at the 2014 user volume (125,320 and at any possible break-even volume.In three of four scenarios, costs exceeded revenue by $94,596, $34,443, and $84,571 at the 2014 user volume. However, these costs represented large reductions (54%, 83%, and 58%, respectively from the 2014 program cost of $203,475. Scenario four, in which the lowest per-SMS rate ($0.01 per SMS was negotiated and users paid for all m4RH SMS sent or received, achieved a $5,660 profit at the 2014 user volume. A Monte Carlo uncertainty analysis demonstrated that break-even points were driven by user volume rather than variations in program costs.These results reveal that breaking even was only probable when all SMS costs were transferred to users and the lowest per-SMS cost was negotiated with telecom partners

  13. Statistical Analysis on SMS Service Effect of Mobile Libraries%手机图书馆短信服务效果统计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海营

    2012-01-01

    为调查分析手机图书馆短信相关服务的实际应用效果,选取启用手机图书馆“短信服务平台”的短信通知服务和短信续借服务的215位有效读者的借阅信息作为研究样本,借助单纯判断和SPSS统计分析的方法,详细分析研究样本在启用手机短信服务前后的图书借阅总数、逾期次数、逾期罚款总金额、每次罚款金额和逾期比率等统计比较指标,并给出研究结论:手机短信服务在一定程度上降低了图书的逾期概率,减少了逾期罚款额度,提升了图书馆服务品质,提高了读者的借阅需求。%In order to investigate and study the practical application of the related services of mobile libraries, the author selects 215 readers who enable message notification and renewals services of mobile library s "SMS platform" as research samples, compares their' statistical indieators, sueh as the total number of borrowed books, overdue times, the total amounts of overdue fines, each overdue title, ratio of overdue books, before and after the SMS service with a single judgment and SPSS statistical analysis, and finally presents eunelusions. The research results show that SMS reduces the probability of book overdue and overdue fine line, promotes the service quality and improves readers' borrowing needs.

  14. 短信诈骗中的银行卡风险与防控%The bank card risk and Prevention in the SMS fraud

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏春余

    2014-01-01

    随着经济金融格局的变化和居民消费水平的提高,我国银行卡产业进入了高速发展期。与此同时,银行卡短信诈骗案件呈多发态势,诈骗手段亦不断翻新。银行卡短信诈骗案件的频频出现,反映出法律风险潜伏于银行经营管理的各个环节。法律风险的不断累积,使得银行在银行卡短信诈骗案件中易陷于被动局面,严重影响银行的利益与声誉,并威胁银行卡业务的健康发展。%With the change of economic and financial situation and the improvement of people's consumption level ,has entered a period of rapid development of bank card industry in china. At the same time,the bank card SMS fraud case was prone posture,fraud has been refurbished. Bank card SMS fraud cases occur frequently,reflecting the legal risks lurking in every link of the bank management. Legal risk continue to accumulate,so that banks in the banking card SMS fraud cases is easy to fall into the passive situation,seriously affecting the interests and reputation of the bank,and threaten the healthy development of the bank card business.

  15. Studi Penyerapan Logam Besi (Fe) Dan Sulfat Dari Limbah Industri Pertambangan Dengan Adsorben Kulit Ubi Kayu Dan Spent Mushroom Substrat (SMS)

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Faisal Abrany

    2013-01-01

    One of the effects of mining activity is the forming of the process of acid mine drainage. The characteristics of acid mine drainage produced by mining industry at Batangtoru, South Tapanuli, is high in iron metal (Fe) concentration at 4086.86 mg/L and in sulfate concentration at 5131.25 mg/L. The aim of the research was to know the efficiency of alternative processing of acid mine drainage using the medium of active carbon made of inner peel of cassava and Spent Mushroom Substrate (SMS) fro...

  16. Lessons learnt from a cluster-randomised trial evaluating the effectiveness of Self-Management Support (SMS) delivered by practice nurses in routine diabetes care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dijk-de Vries, Anneke; van Bokhoven, Marloes A; Winkens, Bjorn; Terluin, Berend; Knottnerus, J André; van der Weijden, Trudy; van Eijk, Jacques Th M

    2015-06-25

    To evaluate the effectiveness of biopsychosocial Self-Management Support (SMS) delivered by practice nurses in routine diabetes care. A pragmatic cluster-randomised controlled trial within a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study design. Practice nurses were cluster-randomised. A regional care group in the Netherlands consisting of 77 family practices. The study involved practice nurses (n=40) providing care to approximately 4000 patients with diabetes. Patients with type 2 diabetes (n=264) selected by a self-administered questionnaire aimed at measuring emotional distress and diabetes-related reduced daily functioning. Practice nurses in the intervention arm (n=19) were trained to integrate SMS into their routine consultations. SMS included detection of patients with emotional distress and reduced daily functioning, and supporting them when needed through problem solving and reattribution techniques. Practice nurses in the control arm (n=21) provided usual care. The primary outcome measure was a dichotomised score on a Visual Analogue Scale that measured the perceived effect of diabetes on daily functioning. Secondary measures included patients' diabetes-related distress, quality of life, autonomy and participation, self-efficacy, self-management and glycaemic control. Outcomes were measured at baseline and at 4-month and 12-month follow-ups. Only 16 of the 117 patients in the intervention arm (14%) who were found eligible by the posted research-driven screening questionnaire were detected by their practice nurses. Extra consultations for the self-management support were delivered to only 11 study participants. In the control arm, 147 patients received usual care. Multilevel analyses showed no significant differences in outcomes between the intervention and control arms. SMS in its present form was not effective. The research-driven screening to select trial participants appeared to be inconsistent with nurse-led detection in routine practice. Adequate follow

  17. Reducing stock-outs of life saving malaria commodities using mobile phone text-messaging: SMS for life study in Kenya.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Githinji

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Health facility stock-outs of life saving malaria medicines are common across Africa. Innovative ways of addressing this problem are urgently required. We evaluated whether SMS based reporting of stocks of artemether-lumefantrine (AL and rapid diagnostic tests (RDT can result in reduction of stock-outs at peripheral facilities in Kenya. METHODS/FINDINGS: All 87 public health facilities in five Kenyan districts were included in a 26 week project. Weekly facility stock counts of four AL packs and RDTs were sent via structured incentivized SMS communication process from health workers' personal mobile phones to a web-based system accessed by district managers. The mean health facility response rate was 97% with a mean formatting error rate of 3%. Accuracy of stock count reports was 79% while accuracy of stock-out reports was 93%. District managers accessed the system 1,037 times at an average of eight times per week. The system was accessed in 82% of the study weeks. Comparing weeks 1 and 26, stock-out of one or more AL packs declined by 38 percentage-points. Total AL stock-out declined by 5 percentage-points and was eliminated by the end of the project. Stock-out declines of individual AL packs ranged from 14 to 32 percentage-points while decline in RDT stock-outs was 24 percentage-points. District managers responded to 44% of AL and 73% of RDT stock-out signals by redistributing commodities between facilities. In comparison with national trends, stock-out declines in study areas were greater, sharper and more sustained. CONCLUSIONS: Use of simple SMS technology ensured high reporting rates of reasonably accurate, real-time facility stock data that were used by district managers to undertake corrective actions to reduce stock-outs. Future work on stock monitoring via SMS should focus on assessing response rates without use of incentives and demonstrating effectiveness of such interventions on a larger scale.

  18. Integrated Safety Culture Model and Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪磊; 孙瑞山; 刘汉辉

    2009-01-01

    A new safety culture model is constructed and is applied to analyze the correlations between safety culture and SMS. On the basis of previous typical definitions, models and theories of safety culture, an in-depth analysis on safety culture's structure, composing elements and their correlations was conducted. A new definition of safety culture was proposed from the perspective of sub-cuhure. 7 types of safety sub-culture, which are safety priority culture, standardizing culture, flexible culture, learning culture, teamwork culture, reporting culture and justice culture were defined later. Then integrated safety culture model (ISCM) was put forward based on the definition. The model divided safety culture into intrinsic latency level and extrinsic indication level and explained the potential relationship between safety sub-culture and all safety culture dimensions. Finally in the analyzing of safety culture and SMS, it concluded that positive safety culture is the basis of im-plementing SMS effectively and an advanced SMS will improve safety culture from all around.

  19. 基于S2Si+jQuery的高校短信平台设计与实现%Design and Implementation of University SMS Platform Based on S2Si + jQuery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞艺杰; 邹银马; 赵喆

    2012-01-01

    目前新型的开源集成框架S2Si提供了轻量级、高效率的软件开发模型.为了实现高质量的、交互性强的Web应用,把jQuery这一目前较为流行的前端技术整合到了S2Si框架中,构建了一种新的基于S2Si+jQuery的应用开发框架.最后阐述了该框架在高校短信平台系统中的实现过程和应用效果.%Nowadays a new type of open source integration framework S2Si has provided a lightweight, efficient software development models. In order to build high- quality and interactive Web applications, it presents a popular front - end technology Jquery into the S2Si framework to form a new S2Si + jQuery - based application development framework, discusses the process and results of the implementation and application of the framework in the SMS platform system in university.

  20. The structure and features of the SMS language used in the written work of Communication English I students at a university in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaka Chaka

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Employing an explanatory design, this study set out to investigate the morphosyntactic structures of the SMS language of Communication English I students, and the types of SMS language features used in their written work at a university of technology in South Africa. The study randomly sampled 90 undergraduate students (M = 40; F = 50 enrolled for a national diploma programme during the first academic semester in 2013. Their ages ranged from 19–22 years; they all spoke English as a second language, whilst having one of the five black South African languages as their home language. The study had two types of data: participants’ mobile phone text messages (in two sets, and their writing samples. Two of the findings of the study are: the morphological structure of the textisms used in the participants’ text messages deviated from that applicable to formal, standard English, whereas much of their syntactic structure did not; and, the frequency and proportion of textisms in participants’ writing samples were lower than that reported in studies by Freudenberg (2009 and Rosen et al. (2010.

  1. Study on Financial Leasing of SMS Logistics Enterprises%中小物流企业融资租赁问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许新亮

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,we analyzed the current situation of the financing activities of the small-and-medium-sized enterprises as well as the advantage of financialleasing,and then presented suggestions for the implementation of financial leasing by the SMS enterprises in China on the aspects of national polihcv leasing company and SMS enterprises themselves.%中小物流企业融资非常困难,而融资租赁作为一种新型融资方式,则为中小物流企业带来了“福音”.对中小物流企业的融资现状以及开展融资租赁所具有的优势进行了分析,并从国家政策、租赁公司、中小物流企业本身三个角度提出我国中小物流企业开展融资租赁的建议.

  2. Effect of a long-acting somatostatin analogue (SMS 201-995 on a growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone-producing pituitary tumor.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hirasawa,Ryoto

    1991-04-01

    Full Text Available A 46-year-old woman with acromegaly and hyperthyroidism due to a pituitary adenoma. She had high serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH levels and very high serum growth hormone (GH levels. Transsphenoidal removal of the tumor, post-operative irradiation, frontal craniotomy for removal of residual tumor and large-dose bromocriptine therapy were carried out consecutively. After therapy, serum GH levels gradually decreased, but not to the normal range, and serum TSH levels remained at inappropriately normal levels. Using immunoperoxidase techniques, GH-, TSH- and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH-containing cells were demonstrated in the adenoma. A long-acting somatostatin analogue (SMS 201-995, 600 micrograms/day suppressed the serum GH level to the normal range with a concomitant suppression of TSH. Furthermore, the paradoxical serum GH responses to TRH and LH-RH were slightly improved. No important subjective side-effects were noted. Therefore, SMS 201-995 appeared to be a very effective drug in this patient with a GH- and TSH-producing pituitary tumor.

  3. A mobile telephone-based SMS and internet survey system for self-assessment in Australian anaesthesia: experience of a single practitioner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belavy, D

    2014-11-01

    Self-assessment and audit in anaesthesia require a systematic approach to postoperative data collection. The increasing prevalence of mobile internet technology offers a new data collection method for anaesthetists. In this paper, a system for mobile internet data collection is described and the preliminary experience with its use is presented. The system was developed by the author and combined an open source survey application and a short message service (SMS) gateway to send SMS messages to patients after their anaesthesia and surgery. The messages requested patients to complete an online Quality of Recovery survey questionnaire if they had a smartphone. The results were immediately available. A preliminary survey of consenting patients with available mobile telephone numbers in a private practice was undertaken by the author. A total of 123 procedures were eligible for follow-up and survey requests were sent to 94 patients. Sixty-five surveys were completed. This represents 69% of surveys requested, demonstrating that mobile phone technology can be used to provide significant amounts of data for quality assurance. However, the implementation of a mobile internet data collection system requires consideration of privacy principles, security and ethical handling of data.

  4. Proteolysis process in fermented sausage model systems as studied by NMR relaxometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García García, Ana Belén; Larsen, Lotte Bach; Cambero Rodríguez, María Isabel; Cruz Díaz, Karen Paola; Bertram, Hanne Christine

    2015-03-25

    Proton NMR relaxation analyses were performed in sausage model systems (SMS) at different manufacturing times (0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 days) to evaluate changes in water distribution and mobility. Three different water populations were identified, T2b (5-10 ms), T21 (30-70 ms), and T22 (100-300 ms), and the progress of ripening could be followed as a shift toward shorter relaxation times. In addition, the combined effect of adding commercial proteases (Pronase E and aspartyl proteinase) on protein breakdown and structural integrity of sausage models (SMS+P) was investigated, resulting in the formation of a more fluid and less organized meat matrix that led to changes in water populations T2b2 and T22 compared with SMS. A very different protein degradation pattern between SMS and SMS+P was observed by means of SDS-PAGE and fluorescamine assay, supporting that some degree of protein aggregation is needed for the presence of the T22 population in fermented sausages.

  5. Être contre et/ou tout contre en textotant. L’expression du consensus et du dissensus dans les SMS, entre rupture et continuum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Détrie Catherine

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La notion même de désaccord implique l’intersubjectivité, puisqu’on ne peut être en désaccord qu’avec au moins quelqu’un et sur un thème particulier en partage. Pour qu’il y ait désaccord, il faut de la sorte au départ un accord minimum. Je pars de ce constat pour réfléchir à quelques « drôles de cas » où le dissensus s’exprime par des marqueurs de complicité ou d’accord et où, inversement, la connivence empathique entre coénonciateurs prend la forme d’un désaccord : ces cas invitent à envisager l’accord et le désaccord non plus en rupture, mais plutôt en continuité. Ma ligne directrice sera celle d’un continuum allant des bises aux bisbilles (et inversement, au sein duquel des modulations et des positions intermédiaires variées (désaccords pour rire, demi-désaccords, dissensus adoucis en consensus, etc. peuvent être observées. Pour ce faire, je travaillerai prioritairement sur le corpus 88milSMS (http://88milsms.huma-num.fr/, corpus qui pose problème au regard de la notion de désaccord : le consensus, la synchronisation font en effet partie des attendus des SMS, l’autre étant toujours envisagé comme un même. Dans ce cadre, peut-on être en désaccord avec quelqu’un appartenant au même réseau relationnel, et avec qui on est en empathie(le mot désaccord ne figure d’ailleurs pas une seule fois dans les 88522 SMS constituant le corpus ? Dans un premier mouvement, je réfléchirai aux mots accord et désaccord eux-mêmes, puis je proposerai l’idée d’un continuum entre les deux pôles, avant d’aborder les rares cas où la guerre semble apparemment déclarée. Cependant le dissensus, même s’il est explicitement signifié, est souvent tempéré, envisagé sur fond de territoire en partage, observation qu’il faut rattacher au fait que les scripteurs cultivent l’entre-soi et la complicité avec leurs mêmes.

  6. Improving medication adherence in diabetes type 2 patients through Real Time Medication Monitoring: a randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effect of monitoring patients' medication use combined with short message service (SMS) reminders.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervloet, M.; Dijk, L. van; Santen-Reestman, J.; Vlijmen, B. van; Bouvy, M.L.; Bakker, D.H. de

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Innovative approaches are needed to support patients' adherence to drug therapy. The Real Time Medication Monitoring (RTMM) system offers real time monitoring of patients' medication use combined with short message service (SMS) reminders if patients forget to take their medication. This

  7. Improving medication adherence in diabetes type 2 patients through Real Time Medication Monitoring: a randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effect of monitoring patients' medication use combined with short message service (SMS) reminders.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervloet, M.; Dijk, L. van; Santen-Reestman, J.; Vlijmen, B. van; Bouvy, M.L.; Bakker, D.H. de

    2011-01-01

    Background: Innovative approaches are needed to support patients' adherence to drug therapy. The Real Time Medication Monitoring (RTMM) system offers real time monitoring of patients' medication use combined with short message service (SMS) reminders if patients forget to take their medication. This

  8. A SMS-Based Smart Home Remote Monitoring System%一种基于SMS的智能家居远程监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋绍剑; 方鹏; 黄如叠; 薛春伟

    2009-01-01

    详细描述了一种基于SMS(短消息服务)和Atmega128单片机的智能家居远程监控系统的组成、工作原理及其软、硬件设计.该系统通过手机短信不但可以遥控家居的电器设备,而且还可以对家居安防系统进行远程监视,具有结构简单、运行稳定可靠、成本低和易于推广等特点.

  9. Effectiveness of an SMS-based maternal mHealth intervention to improve clinical outcomes of HIV-positive pregnant women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Jesse; Bohlin, Kate C; Thorson, Anna; Black, Vivian; Mechael, Patricia; Mangxaba, Josie; Eriksen, Jaran

    2017-07-01

    We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the effectiveness of an mHealth messaging intervention aiming to improve maternal health and HIV outcomes. Maternal health SMSs were sent to 235 HIV-infected pregnant women twice per week in pregnancy and continued until the infant's first birthday. The messages were timed to the stage of the pregnancy/infant age and covered maternal health and HIV-support information. Outcomes, measured as antenatal care (ANC) visits, birth outcomes and infant HIV testing, were compared to a control group of 586 HIV-infected pregnant women who received no SMS intervention. Results showed that intervention participants attended more ANC visits (5.16 vs. 3.95, p mHealth interventions can have a positive impact on health outcomes and should be scaled nationally following comprehensive evaluation.

  10. Guiding Ebola patients to suitable health facilities: an SMS-based approach [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/51l

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad-Ali Trad

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Access to appropriate health services is a fundamental problem in developing countries, where patients do not have access to information and to the nearest health service facility. We propose building a recommendation system based on simple SMS text messaging to help Ebola patients readily find the closest health service with available and appropriate resources. The system will map people’s reported symptoms to likely Ebola case definitions and suitable health service locations. In addition to providing a valuable individual service to people with curable diseases, the proposed system will also predict population-level disease spread risk for infectious diseases using crowd-sourced symptoms from the population. Health workers will be able to better plan and anticipate responses to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Patients will have improved access to appropriate health care. This system could also be applied in other resource poor or rich settings.

  11. Circadian abnormalities in mouse models of Smith-Magenis syndrome: evidence for involvement of RAI1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacaria, Melanie; Gu, Wenli; Lupski, James R

    2013-07-01

    Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS; OMIM 182290) is a genomic disorder characterized by multiple congenital anomalies, intellectual disability, behavioral abnormalities, and disordered sleep resulting from an ~3.7 Mb deletion copy number variant (CNV) on chromosome 17p11.2 or from point mutations in the gene RAI1. The reciprocal duplication of this region results in another genomic disorder, Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS; OMIM 610883), characterized by autism, intellectual disability, and congenital anomalies. We previously used chromosome-engineering and gene targeting to generate mouse models for PTLS (Dp(11)17/+), and SMS due to either deletion CNV or gene knock-out (Df(11)17-2/+ and Rai1(+/-) , respectively) and we observed phenotypes in these mouse models consistent with their associated human syndromes. To investigate the contribution of individual genes to the circadian phenotypes observed in SMS, we now report the analysis of free-running period lengths in Rai1(+/-) and Df(11)17-2/+ mice, as well as in mice deficient for another known circadian gene mapping within the commonly deleted/duplicated region, Dexras1, and we compare these results to those previously observed in Dp(11)17/+ mice. Reduced free-running period lengths were seen in Df(11)17-2/+, Rai1(+/-) , and Dexras1(-/-) , but not Dexras1(+/-) mice, suggesting that Rai1 may be the primary gene underlying the circadian defects in SMS. However, we cannot rule out the possibility that cis effects between multiple haploinsufficient genes in the SMS critical interval (e.g., RAI1 and DEXRAS1) either exacerbate the circadian phenotypes observed in SMS patients with deletions or increase their penetrance in certain environments. This study also confirms a previous report of abnormal circadian function in Dexras1(-/-) mice.

  12. 2011年安庆Ms4.8地震SmS震相观测与研究%Observation and study on the seismic phase SmS generated by 2011 Anqing Ms4.8 earthquake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩立波; 蒋长胜; 吴文波

    2012-01-01

    The MS4. 8 Anqing earthquake on 19 Jan 2011 was obviously felt even at long distances. SmS phases are identified in seismic records of some stations by examining the filtered waveforms and comparing them with synthetic seismo-grams. Based on our study result, we argued that the SmS phase, usually the strongest one in epicenter distance range of 70 to 200 km, is the main reason of feeling at such long distances. Some previous studies suggest that the SmS phases are controlled by the local crustal structure. We perform some tests using synthetic seismograms. The results show that focal depth can change the critical distance of SmS. The larger focal depth makes the critical distance smaller. Also effects of focal mechanism on SmS are investigated qualitatively by comparing the amplitude ratio between SmS and S. The amplitude ratio between SmS and S becomes smaller with larger attenuation in the shallow crust, indicating SmS is sensitive to that. Overall, the SmS phase can be affected by many factors besides local crustal structures, such as dip angle, rake angle of the focal mechanism, focal depth and attenuation.%2011年1月19日发生的安庆Ms4.8地震,在较远范围引起了明显震感.通过仔细辨认此次地震不同频段的波形记录,发现在一些台站记录到了清晰的SmS震相.采用CAP方法反演了其震源机制解,并利用理论地震图与实际观测数据对比进一步确认了SmS震相的存在.结合已有实验结果,推断在人类有感频率(1Hz至几Hz)范围内,震中距70-200km内SmS震相往往是振幅最大的震相,是引起远距离有感的主要原因.利用理论地震图研究了震源深度对SmS震相的影响.结果表明,震源深度可改变SmS震相发育的临界震中距,震源越深对应的临界震中距越小.进一步通过对比SmS与S的振幅比,定性讨论了震源机制解中倾角、滑动角和地壳浅层衰减等因素对SmS震相的影响.结果表明,倾角和滑动角对其振幅比影响

  13. Innovations and Reproduction in Second Language (L2 New Media: A Discursive- Semiotic Study of Selected SMS Text Messages in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tunde Opeibi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the turn of the new millennium, the new media has continued to alter the communication configuration in modern societies. The social media tools have been influencing the way we interact and communicate. These wireless networks have confirmed that our world has indeed become a global village by creating a superhighway for communication possibilities never witnessed in human history. While scholars  have explored the roles of  some of the new media platforms e.g. Facebook  blogging, and twitter for private and public discourses(e.g., Taiwo, 2010; Presley, 2010, 2012,  previous studies in the use of SMS in Nigeria have concentrated more on sociolinguistic, lexical, or morpho-syntactic  features of text messages (e.g., Awonusi, 2004; Chiluwa, 2010. The present study, however, considers aspects of the new media discourse strategies as resources in a second language setting that demonstrate users’ bilingual creativity. It adopts a discursive-semiotic approach in its analytical paradigm to examine how participants, sharing the mobile protocols, deploy linguistic and non-linguistic facilities as well as contextual resources to create relationship and to enact meaning. The approaches of Discourse Analysis (DA and Semiotics (Schiffrin, 1994; Chandler, 2001 as well as insight from Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC, and Computer-Mediated Discourse Analysis (CMDA(Herring 2001, 2004;  O’Riley, 2005;  Herring, 2007 provide the theoretical underpinning for this study.  CMC and CMDA, for instance, have been used as tool kits to study and   to explain how the new media technologies influence the strategies with which language users within a given virtual sphere engage a wide range of audience through the virtual protocols. The study finds that the use of text messages has opened up creative ways of deploying the resources of a non-native language (English among bilinguals in Nigeria. The outcome of this innovative and reproduction process

  14. 我国SMS非织造装备行业的发展现状及方向%Development of Chinese SMS Machinery Industry:Status-quo, Challenges and Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司徒元舜; 李孙辉; 刘志贵

    2013-01-01

    自2000年从德国Reifenhauser公司引进一条3.2 m幅宽的SMXS型非织造布生产线至今,我国SMS非织造装备行业经历了一波又一波的发展浪潮。据统计,在目前投入运行的62条SMS复合型生产线中,国产生产线的比重已超过70%。本文介绍了国内外SMS非织造工艺的发展以及国产SMS装备的发展历程和取得的相关成果,在对国产SMS非织造布生产线与国际先进水平的差距进行详细分析后,从技术创新、人才培养等方面对我国SMS行业未来的发展提出了对策。%The rapid development of Chinese SMS nonwoven machinery in recent years began with the import of a 3.2 meters wide SMXS line from Reifenhauser, and it is said the domestic production line now has exceeded 70%%of the total 62 production lines which are in operation all over the country. The development of SMS process and Chinese SMS line history were introduced in this article. Based on analyzing the differences of production line made in China to international advanced level, the authors put forward some constructive suggestions for the further development of Chinese SMS machinery industry.

  15. 基于Web服务的教师请假短信平台构建%SMS platform construction of teacher asking for leave based on Web service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高武奇; 康凤举; 钟联炯; 华翔

    2011-01-01

    The popularization of mobile phone facilitates information systems based on SMS.Aiming at the problem that teachers of the multi-campus university are inconvenient to ask for leave,the main patterns of mobile information systems are introduced,Web service technologies are analyzed,and the principle and the process of asking for leave based on SMS Web service are put forward.The key technologies of sending/receiving SMS messages and the platform service are studied,and the test result is given.The asking for leave system provides a new idea for university informatization,paperless and scientific management.%手机的普及为建立基于短信的信息化系统创造了条件.针对高校多校区运行教师请假不便的问题,介绍了利用手机开展信息系统业务的主要模式,分析了Web服务技术,提出了基于Web服务的短信请假原理图和请假流程.研究了短信的发送、接收和平台Web服务化3个关键技术,给出了实证结果.该请假系统为高校信息化、无纸化、科学化管理提供了一种思路.

  16. The challenges and opportunities of conducting a clinical trial in a low resource setting: The case of the Cameroon mobile phone SMS (CAMPS trial, an investigator initiated trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ongolo-Zogo Pierre

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Conducting clinical trials in developing countries often presents significant ethical, organisational, cultural and infrastructural challenges to researchers, pharmaceutical companies, sponsors and regulatory bodies. Globally, these regions are under-represented in research, yet this population stands to gain more from research in these settings as the burdens on health are greater than those in developed resourceful countries. However, developing countries also offer an attractive setting for clinical trials because they often have larger treatment naive populations with higher incidence rates of disease and more advanced stages. These factors can present a reduction in costs and time required to recruit patients. So, balance needs to be found where research can be encouraged and supported in order to bring maximum public health benefits to these communities. The difficulties with such trials arise from problems with obtaining valid informed consent, ethical compensation mechanisms for extremely poor populations, poor health infrastructure and considerable socio-economic and cultural divides. Ethical concerns with trials in developing countries have received attention, even though many other non-ethical issues may arise. Local investigator initiated trials also face a variety of difficulties that have not been adequately reported in literature. This paper uses the example of the Cameroon Mobile Phone SMS trial to describe in detail, the specific difficulties encountered in an investigator-initiated trial in a developing country. It highlights administrative, ethical, financial and staff related issues, proposes solutions and gives a list of additional documentation to ease the organisational process.

  17. Establishment and evaluation of bone invasion/metastasis model for human neuroblastoma%人类神经母细胞瘤骨侵袭与转移模型的建立和评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵红宇; 李帅; 徐东; 马良; 蔡炜嵩

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:To establish bone invasion and metastasis animal model of neuroblastoma (NB) for longterm research and treatment. METHODS: SMS-SAN and SMS-KCNR NB cells were inoculated into bone marrow cavity and tail vein, respectively. High-resolution radiographic imaging and HE staining were utilized to observe bone invasion and metastasis features, kaplan-meier curve analysis and log-rank test were used to evaluate progression-free survival and overall survival between bone invasion and bone metastasis models. RESULTS: All of 5 animals were able to form osteolytic lesions in bone invasion models in both NB cell lines, respectively, both of NB cell lines develop metastasis in bones of part of xenograft models (SMS-SAN.. 5, SMS-KCNR: 6)injected systemically, respectively. Regardless of SMS-SAN and SMS-KCNR cells lines, between two group xenograft models there was significant difference in progression-free survival analysis, and in overall survival analysis (P<0.000 1). CONCLUSION: This model mimic human NB invasive and metastatic characteristics, will increase our understanding of the biology of bone metastases mechanism.%目的:探讨如何建立适合长期研究与治疗的人类神经母细胞瘤(NB)骨侵袭/转移的动物模型,方法:将SMS-KCNR和SMS-SAN细胞采用骨髓腔内注射和静脉注射的方法分别种植到雌性无胸腺裸鼠及Cb-17/IcrHsd-重度联合免疫缺陷(SCID)变异小鼠体内.通过观测放射影像学表现,HE染色病理组织切片,观察肿瘤细胞对骨的侵袭情况,应用Kaplan-Meier曲线分析及Log-rank检验,对实验动物进行生存状况分析.结果:SMS-SAN和SMS-KCNR细胞系细胞在骨髓内直接种植后在全部试验动物中均可以侵袭骨质形成溶骨性病变;同样,在静脉注射后2种细胞系细胞均可以在部分实验动物体内(SMS-SAN:5只;SMS-KCNR:6只)经血行转移到骨或骨髓,并进一步侵袭骨皮质.在骨侵袭模型和骨转移模型之间,2种细胞在无进展生存

  18. Embedded Linux industrial warning transmission system based on SMS/WLAN%基于SMS/WLAN的嵌入式Linux工控预警传输系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘青山; 杨著; 袁帅

    2011-01-01

    以Linux嵌入式系统为载体,针对工业控制领域数据实时化预警监控系统需求.服务器端配置以GSM模块配合AT指令集,利用SMS/GSM通信系统作为高效、低数据流量、覆盖范围广等特点远程传输方案.有效避免了利用GPRS产生的高数据传输费用,对工控各项数据指标一目了然。在CS结构内部使用WLAN作为近端传输.TCP/IP技术满足数据流量的同时,使管理人员操作简便,组网更加灵活。%To meet the industrial requirements on early warning and real-time monitoring system, the server-end adopts the configuration of GSM module controlled by AT command set, which efficiently reduces the high cost by GPRS on transmission huge amount of data. Moreover, other features like large area coverage, low data generation and neat controller's panel of SMS/GSM makes this configuration an excellent option for long-range data transmission. For the internal communication of CS, WLAN is used as near-end connection to meet tile requirements of data flow, simple management and flexible network

  19. The Design and Implementation of Real-time Streaming Technology of Early Warning System based on SMS Scams%基于实时流技术的诈骗短信预警系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明

    2015-01-01

    设计并实现了诈骗短信预警系统。介绍了实时流处理技术以及该技术在诈骗短信预警系统中的应用。该系统以旁路监听的方式分流出到达短信中心的短信,并将其置于flume监听文件夹下面,kafka缓存从flume端收集上来的信息,然后 storm 读取这些信息,并对这其进行过滤,统计分组,最后得到诈骗短信名单及可疑短信名单,并对诈骗短信的接收者发送预警信息。%Design and implement a fraud SMS warning system. Describes the real-time streaming technology and the application of the technology in the fraud SMS warning system. The system is a way to bypass monitoring shunt out SMS text messages to reach the center and placed flume monitor folder, kafka cached information collected from the flume end up, then storm to read the information, and that its filter statistical grouping, and finally get a list of fraud and suspicious SMS message list, and defraud the recipient to send SMS warning message[11].

  20. 短信平台在糖尿病专科护理管理中的应用%Application of SMS Platform in Nursing Management of Diabetes Mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴莉敏; 谢菲; 俞力; 杨静

    2012-01-01

    This paper summarized the application arid effect of SMS platform in the nursing management of diabetes mellitus.With SMS platform,two group leaders in diabetes nursing group sent various notices and short messages booked to outpatients,patients after discharge,patients in diabetes club,patients among the list of database management and 29 nurses of diabetes nursing group.The application of SMS platform system was effective in the management of diabetic patients and the reasonable allocation of nurses,and plays a positive role in enhancing working efficiency.%探讨短信平台在糖尿病专科护理管理中的应用及效果.与中国移动公司合作,使用专门的短信网关设备与医院的各个业务系统相对接,利用短信平台,糖尿病专科小组2名组长利用短信通知、短信预订功能,以短信群发的方式,将各类通知、公告和预订短信,及时发送给门诊、出院后、糖尿病之友俱乐部、数据库管理的糖尿病患者及29名专科小组护士.使用短信平台系统有利于院内外糖尿病患者的管理,更利于专科小组人力资源合理使用,有助于提升专科工作效率.

  1. 基于Android平台的智能短信发送器%Intelligent SMS System Based on Android Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚娟; 陈宇慧

    2015-01-01

    Android自带的短信发送界面对用户来说不是很友好,功能也比较简单,不支持排序、分组等功能。在研究Android平台的系统架构和组件模型的基础上,以Eclipse IDE作为开发环境,创建虚拟机管理器,实现了按照内容搜索的会话管理,按照时间、姓名进行排序的文件夹管理和群组管理等功能模块,对Android手机短信发送功能很好的进行了完善。使用结果表明,系统操作简单,运行稳定,方便用户的使用。%Built-in short-message sending interface of Android is not very friendly to users and also relatively simple, not supporting sorting, grouping and other functions. On the basis of study on system architecture and component model of Android platform, it uses Eclipse IDE as development environment, creates virtual machine, completes session management which search by content, folder management and management group which sort by date, name, and so on. It well improves short-message sending function of Android mobile. It can be drawn from the result of use that the system interface is simple to operate, stable to run and convenient to use for user.

  2. Improving medication adherence in diabetes type 2 patients through Real Time Medication Monitoring: a Randomised Controlled Trial to evaluate the effect of monitoring patients' medication use combined with short message service (SMS reminders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bouvy Marcel L

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Innovative approaches are needed to support patients' adherence to drug therapy. The Real Time Medication Monitoring (RTMM system offers real time monitoring of patients' medication use combined with short message service (SMS reminders if patients forget to take their medication. This combination of monitoring and tailored reminders provides opportunities to improve adherence. This article describes the design of an intervention study aimed at evaluating the effect of RTMM on adherence to oral antidiabetics. Methods/Design Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT with two intervention arms and one control arm involving diabetes type 2 patients with suboptimal levels of adherence to oral antidiabetics (less than 80% based on pharmacy refill data. Patients in the first intervention arm use RTMM including SMS reminders and a personal webpage where they can monitor their medication use. Patients in the second intervention arm use RTMM without SMS reminders or webpage access. Patients in the control arm are not exposed to any intervention. Patients are randomly assigned to one of the three arms. The intervention lasts for six months. Pharmacy refill data of all patients are available from 11 months before, until 11 months after the start of the intervention. Primary outcome measure is adherence to oral antidiabetics calculated from: 1 data collected with RTMM, as a percentage of medication taken as prescribed, and as percentage of medication taken within the correct time interval, 2 refill data, taking the number of days for which oral antidiabetics are dispensed during the study period divided by the total number of days of the study period. Differences in adherence between the intervention groups and control group are studied using refill data. Differences in adherence between the two intervention groups are studied using RTMM data. Discussion The intervention described in this article consists of providing RTMM to patients with

  3. A comparison of three clustering methods for finding subgroups in MRI, SMS or clinical data: SPSS TwoStep Cluster analysis, Latent Gold and SNOB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kent, Peter; Jensen, Rikke K; Kongsted, Alice

    2014-10-02

    There are various methodological approaches to identifying clinically important subgroups and one method is to identify clusters of characteristics that differentiate people in cross-sectional and/or longitudinal data using Cluster Analysis (CA) or Latent Class Analysis (LCA). There is a scarcity of head-to-head comparisons that can inform the choice of which clustering method might be suitable for particular clinical datasets and research questions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a head-to-head comparison of three commonly available methods (SPSS TwoStep CA, Latent Gold LCA and SNOB LCA). The performance of these three methods was compared: (i) quantitatively using the number of subgroups detected, the classification probability of individuals into subgroups, the reproducibility of results, and (ii) qualitatively using subjective judgments about each program's ease of use and interpretability of the presentation of results.We analysed five real datasets of varying complexity in a secondary analysis of data from other research projects. Three datasets contained only MRI findings (n = 2,060 to 20,810 vertebral disc levels), one dataset contained only pain intensity data collected for 52 weeks by text (SMS) messaging (n = 1,121 people), and the last dataset contained a range of clinical variables measured in low back pain patients (n = 543 people). Four artificial datasets (n = 1,000 each) containing subgroups of varying complexity were also analysed testing the ability of these clustering methods to detect subgroups and correctly classify individuals when subgroup membership was known. The results from the real clinical datasets indicated that the number of subgroups detected varied, the certainty of classifying individuals into those subgroups varied, the findings had perfect reproducibility, some programs were easier to use and the interpretability of the presentation of their findings also varied. The results from the artificial datasets

  4. 慢性肾脏病分期及短信提醒系统%Chronic Kidney D isease Stages and SMS Alerts System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐燕; 王苹

    2014-01-01

    根据医院肾病科的需求,设计并实现基于B/S三层体系结构的慢性肾脏病分期及短信提醒系统。该系统对慢性肾脏病患者按肾小球滤过率( GFR)进行分级管理,以发送手机短信的方式,为不同级别患者发送相应的治疗和护理等指导信息,帮助患者更好地控制和治疗疾病。本文从系统需求分析、体系架构、系统业务流程、数据库的设计及系统实现中的关键技术等方面介绍慢性肾脏病分期及短信提醒系统的设计与实现。目前,系统正在试运行阶段,如果使用效果良好,可以推广到其他慢性病的防治中去,意义重大。%This paper introduced the design and implementation of chronic kidney disease stage and short message notification system based on B/S three layer architecture according to the requirements of hospital department of nephropathy requirements. The system manages patient information of chronic kidney disease according to glomerular filtration rate ( GFR) , sends treatment and nursing guidance information by a mobile phone text messages according to the different levels of patients to help patients bet -ter control and treatment of the disease.The system design and implementation of chronic kidney disease and SMS alerts are intro -duced from the system requirements analysis, system design and to system architecture,business processes, database implemen-tation of key technology and so on.At present, the system is in the stage of trial operation .If it gets good effect,the system can be extended to other chronic disease prevention and control , which is of great significance.

  5. The efficacy of motivational counseling and SMS-reminders on daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esbensen, Bente Appel; Thomsen, Tanja; Hetland, Merete L; Beyer, Nina; Midtgaard, Julie; Løppenthin, Katrine; Jennum, Poul; Østergaard, Mikkel; Sørensen, Jan; Christensen, Robin; Aadahl, Mette

    2015-01-27

    Patients with RA (Rheumatoid Arthritis) are more sedentary than the general population. Reduction of Sedentary Behaviour (SB) has been suggested as a mean for improvement of health in patients with chronic diseases and mobility problems. Short-term intervention studies have demonstrated that SB can be reduced by behavioural interventions in healthy populations. However, it remains unexplored whether it is valid for patients with RA also. Therefore, the aim of this trial is to investigate the efficacy of an individually tailored, theory-based motivational counseling intervention on reducing daily sitting time in sedentary patients with RA. Additionally, to explore whether a reduction in daily sitting time is associated with reduced pain and fatigue, self-reported physical function, self-efficacy, improved health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and cardiovascular biomarker levels, and finally to assess the cost-effectiveness of the intervention. For this parallel group randomized trial, 150 patients with RA and at least 5 hours of sitting time per day, will be recruited from a rheumatology outpatient clinic, and block-randomized to the intervention group or the control group receiving usual care. The intervention includes: 1) individual motivational counseling (in total 3 sessions) on reduction of daily sitting time in combination with 2) individual Short Text Message Service (SMS) reminders over a 16-week intervention period. Primary outcome is change in daily sitting time (minutes) from baseline to 16 weeks measured objectively using an ActivPAL® Activity Monitor. Secondary outcomes include fatigue, pain, physical function, HR-QoL, self-efficacy, costs and cost-effectiveness. Furthermore, anthropometric measures will be included as well as measurement of blood pressure and serum lipids. All outcomes are assessed at baseline and repeated after 16 weeks. Follow-up assessments are made at 6 and 18 months post-intervention. The intervention is simple, non

  6. Teaching English Phrases through SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cig, Enes Kurtay; Guvercin, Selim; Bayimbetov, Berdak; Dos, Bulent

    2015-01-01

    Achieving the maximum efficiency in teaching a second language (L2) has always been an important issue for educators. Current globalization processes, development of international business relations, political integrations among the various countries throughout the world, and the abilities of latest information and communications technologies…

  7. Short Message System (SMS) revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Eivind Ortind; Dahl, Mads Ronald

    In a rapidly changing world of technology, communication and information is everywhere around us. Technology is constantly moving the frontier for what is possible and having an increasing impact on education. New inventions create new ways of effective mass communication and the expectations from...... to meet this challenge is to make use of new technological achievements in some novel way (CMS, LMS, VLE, RSS etc.). Another way is to take one step backwards, and employ an older technology that is stable and which people are familiar with. At the Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Denmark, the latter...

  8. 客户停复电短信综合信息发布系统的开发与应用%The development and application of customers stop reply message SMS information release system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷俊

    2013-01-01

      通过对客户用电缴费存在的问题的分析、研究,提出了利用客户停复电短信综合信息发布系统的有效支撑,为用电客户及抄表工作人员提供短信提醒服务,做实居民、低压客户电费催收工作,提高用电缴费工作的客户满意度,为电力营销优质服务提供有力保障。%  Through analysis and research of problems of the electricity payment, the article puts forward that using effective support of client stop reply message SMS information release sys⁃tem, can provide customers and electricity meter reading staff for SMS alerts service, do well tariff collection work for residents, the low voltage electricity customers, improve customer satisfaction, l guarantee electric power marketing service.

  9. A Model for Remote Access and Protection of Smartphones using Short Message Service

    CERN Document Server

    Kuppusamy, K S; Aghila, G; 10.5121/ijcseit.2012.2109

    2012-01-01

    The smartphone usage among people is increasing rapidly. With the phenomenal growth of smartphone use, smartphone theft is also increasing. This paper proposes a model to secure smartphones from theft as well as provides options to access a smartphone through other smartphone or a normal mobile via Short Message Service. This model provides option to track and secure the mobile by locking it. It also provides facilities to receive the incoming call and sms information to the remotely connected device and enables the remote user to control the mobile through SMS. The proposed model is validated by the prototype implementation in Android platform. Various tests are conducted in the implementation and the results are discussed.

  10. 具有闹钟和短信提醒功能的智能药盒设计%Design of Smart Pill Box with the Function of Alarm and SMS Alert

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚虹瑞; 黄小莉

    2014-01-01

    A smart pill box with the function of alarm and SMS alert is designed based on MCU STC 89C52 chip, with trickle charge timekeeping chip providing the current date and time data .The SMS chip is TC35 chip.Real-time date and time data can dis-play through LED .Time, date and alarm clock can be set by buttons .This system can be set four alarm clock numbers at the most each day.In the alarm open state, when set time is reached, the system will first alarm through the speaker , to remind the user to take medicine , if the user does not turn off the sound in one minute , then the system will automatically send a message to the phone of the user's guardian.This system has a good sensitivity of buttons , adding the SMS alert function so that better system's stability, reliability, practicability can be achieved .%设计一种带闹钟和短信提醒功能的智能药盒。以单片机STC89C52芯片为核心,使用涓流时钟芯片DS1302提供当前的日期和时间数据,以TC35芯片作为短信发送芯片。实时的日期和时间数据可通过LED显示,并且可以通过矩阵按键对时间、日期以及闹钟进行设置。此系统最多可设置4个闹钟,在闹钟功能开启的状态下,当设置的闹钟时间到来时,系统首先会通过扬声器报警,提醒使用者服药,在1min内使用者没有关闭声音提醒,则会自动发送1条短信到使用者监护人手机上。所设计的智能药盒按键灵敏、具有短信提醒功能,系统的稳定性和可靠性高,实用性强。

  11. BioEarth: Envisioning and developing a new regional earth system model to inform natural and agricultural resource management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adam, J. C.; Stephens, J. C.; Chung, Serena; Brady, M. P.; Evans, R. D.; Kruger, C. E.; Lamb, Brian K.; Liu, M. L.; Stockle, Claudio O.; Vaughan, Joseph K.; Rajagopalan, K.; Harrison, John; Tague, C. L.; Kalyanaraman, Anantharaman; Chen, Yong; Guenther, Alex B.; Leung, F. Y.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Perleberg, A. B.; Yoder, J.; Allen, Elizabeth; Anderson, S.; Chandrasekharan, B.; Malek, K.; Mullis, T.; Miller, C.; Nergui, T.; Poinsatte, J.; Reyes, J.; Zhu, J.; Choate, J. S.; Jiang, X.; Nelson, R.; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Yorgey, G. G.; Johnson, Kristen; Chinnayakanhalli, K. J.; Hamlet, A. F.; Nijssen, B.; Walden, Von

    2015-04-01

    As managers of agricultural and natural resources are confronted with uncertainties in global change impacts, the complexities associated with the interconnected cycling of nitrogen, carbon, and water present daunting management challenges. Existing models provide detailed information on specific sub-systems (land, air, water, economics, etc). An increasing awareness of the unintended consequences of management decisions resulting from interconnectedness of these sub-systems, however, necessitates coupled regional earth system models (EaSMs). Decision makers’ needs and priorities can be integrated into the model design and development processes to enhance decision-making relevance and "usability" of EaSMs. BioEarth is a current research initiative with a focus on the U.S. Pacific Northwest region that explores the coupling of multiple stand-alone EaSMs to generate usable information for resource decision-making. Direct engagement between model developers and non-academic stakeholders involved in resource and environmental management decisions throughout the model development process is a critical component of this effort. BioEarth utilizes a "bottom-up" approach, upscaling a catchment-scale model to basin and regional scales, as opposed to the "top-down" approach of downscaling global models utilized by most other EaSM efforts. This paper describes the BioEarth initiative and highlights opportunities and challenges associated with coupling multiple stand-alone models to generate usable information for agricultural and natural resource decision-making.

  12. Oclusión e isquemia intestinal agudas: Estudio fisiopatológico y efectos del SMS 201-995 sobre las variaciones morfológicas, bioquímicas y de supervivencia en un modelo experimental

    OpenAIRE

    Fuertes Guiró, Ferran

    1996-01-01

    Es planteja la hipòtesi que el SMS 201 o octreotide, derivat actiu de la somatostatina, posseeix efectes beneficiosos sobre l'oclusió i la isquemia intestinal d'aparició aguda, millorant les conseqüències de les alteracions fisiopatológiques i amb això verificar en quin mesura posseeix un determinat efecte terapeutic.Per a això s'ha planificat un estudi experimental que ha comprès una avaluació bioquímico-clínica, morfològica i de supervivència en 6 patologies a través d'un protocol en el qua...

  13. Battery on-line monitoring system used SMS communication%用短信服务功能实现电力系统蓄电池在线监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    项新建

    2004-01-01

    提出了一种基于短信服务(Short Message Service,SMS)业务的通信电力系统蓄电池在线监测系统.该系统采用隔离传感器单体电池检测电路,通过监控终端测量蓄电池的参数,由TC 35 T手机模块借助SMS通信手段将参数发送到监控中心,实现对电力系统蓄电池在线实时监测.介绍了系统的组成、工作原理、硬件配置和软件设计.

  14. Rationale, design, and implementation protocol of the Dutch clinical practice guideline Pain in patients with cancer: a cluster randomised controlled trial with short message service (SMS and interactive voice response (IVR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    te Boveldt Nienke

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background One-half of patients with cancer have pain. In nearly one out of two cancer patients with pain, this was undertreated. Inadequate pain control still remains an important problem in this group of patients. Therefore, in 2008 a national, evidence-based multidisciplinary clinical practice guideline 'pain in patients with cancer' has been developed. Yet, publishing a guideline is not enough. Implementation is needed to improve pain management. An innovative implementation strategy, Short Message Service with Interactive Voice Response (SVS-IVR, has been developed and pilot tested. This study aims to evaluate on effectiveness of this strategy to improve pain reporting, pain measurement and adequate pain therapy. In addition, whether the active role of the patient and involvement of caregivers in pain management may change. Methods/design A cluster randomised controlled trial with two arms will be performed in six oncology outpatient clinics of hospitals in the Southeastern region of the Netherlands, with three hospitals in the intervention and three in the control condition. Follow-up measurements will be conducted in all hospitals to study the long-term effect of the intervention. The intervention includes training of professionals (medical oncologists, nurses, and general practitioners and SMS-IVR to report pain in patients with cancer to improve pain reporting by patients, pain management by medical oncologists, nurses, and general practitioners, and decrease pain intensity. Discussion This innovative implementation strategy with technical tools and the involvement of patients, may enhance the use of the guideline 'pain in patients with cancer' for pain management. Short Message Service alerts may serve as a tool to support self-management of patients. Therefore, the SMS-IVR intervention may increase the feeling of having control over one's life. Trail registration Netherlands Trial Register (NTR: NTR2739

  15. The influence of spreading rate, basement composition, fluid chemistry and chimney morphology on the formation of gold-rich SMS deposits at slow and ultraslow mid-ocean ridges

    Science.gov (United States)

    D. Knight, Robert; Roberts, Stephen; P. Webber, Alexander

    2017-09-01

    Seafloor massive sulphide (SMS) deposits are variably enriched in precious metals including gold. However, the processes invoked to explain the formation of auriferous deposits do not typically apply to mid-ocean ridge settings. Here, we show a statistically significant, negative correlation between the average gold concentration of SMS deposits with spreading rate, at non-sedimented mid-ocean ridges. Deposits located at slow spreading ridges (20-40 mm/a) have average gold concentrations of between 850 and 1600 ppb; however, with increasing spreading rate (up to 140 mm/a), gold concentrations gradually decrease to between 50 and 150 ppb. This correlation of gold content with spreading rate may be controlled by the degree and duration of fluid-rock interaction, which is a function of the heat flux, crustal structure (faulting) and the permeability of the source rocks. Deposits at ultraslow ridges, including ultramafic-hosted deposits, are particularly enriched in gold. This is attributed to the higher permeability of the ultramafic source rocks achieved by serpentinisation and the inherent porosity of serpentine minerals, combined with relatively high gold concentrations in peridotite compared with mid-ocean ridge basalt. Variations in fluid chemistry, such as reducing conditions and the potential for increased sulphur availability at ultramafic-hosted sites, may also contribute to the high concentrations observed. Beehive chimneys, which offer more favourable conditions for gold precipitation, may be more prevalent at ultramafic-hosted sites due to diffuse low-velocity venting compared with more focussed venting at basalt-hosted sites.

  16. External quality assessment of reading and interpretation of malaria rapid diagnostic tests among 1849 end-users in the Democratic Republic of the Congo through Short Message Service (SMS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Mukadi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Although malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDT are simple to perform, they remain subject to errors, mainly related to the post-analytical phase. We organized the first large scale SMS based external quality assessment (EQA on correct reading and interpretation of photographs of a three-band malaria RDT among laboratory health workers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo. METHODS AND FINDINGS: High resolution EQA photographs of 10 RDT results together with a questionnaire were distributed to health facilities in 9 out of 11 provinces in DR Congo. Each laboratory health worker answered the EQA by Short Message Service (SMS. Filled-in questionnaires from each health facility were sent back to Kinshasa. A total of 1849 laboratory health workers in 1014 health facilities participated. Most frequent errors in RDT reading were i failure to recognize invalid (13.2-32.5% or negative test results (9.8-12.8%, (ii overlooking faint test lines (4.1-31.2% and (iii incorrect identification of the malaria species (12.1-17.4%. No uniform strategy for diagnosis of malaria at the health facility was present. Stock outs of RDTs occurred frequently. Half of the health facilities had not received an RDT training. Only two thirds used the RDT recommended by the National Malaria Control Program. Performance of RDT reading was positively associated with training and the technical level of health facility. Facilities with RDT positivity rates >50% and located in Eastern DR Congo performed worse. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirmed that errors in reading and interpretation of malaria RDTs are widespread and highlighted the problem of stock outs of RDTs. Adequate training of end-users in the application of malaria RDTs associated with regular EQAs is recommended.

  17. Geometric Generalisation of Surrogate Model-Based Optimisation to Combinatorial and Program Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Hyuk Kim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Surrogate models (SMs can profitably be employed, often in conjunction with evolutionary algorithms, in optimisation in which it is expensive to test candidate solutions. The spatial intuition behind SMs makes them naturally suited to continuous problems, and the only combinatorial problems that have been previously addressed are those with solutions that can be encoded as integer vectors. We show how radial basis functions can provide a generalised SM for combinatorial problems which have a geometric solution representation, through the conversion of that representation to a different metric space. This approach allows an SM to be cast in a natural way for the problem at hand, without ad hoc adaptation to a specific representation. We test this adaptation process on problems involving binary strings, permutations, and tree-based genetic programs.

  18. Statistical shape and appearance models in osteoporosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro-Mateos, Isaac; Pozo, Jose M; Cootes, Timothy F; Wilkinson, J Mark; Eastell, Richard; Frangi, Alejandro F

    2014-06-01

    Statistical models (SMs) of shape (SSM) and appearance (SAM) have been acquiring popularity in medical image analysis since they were introduced in the early 1990s. They have been primarily used for segmentation, but they are also a powerful tool for 3D reconstruction and classification. All these tasks may be required in the osteoporosis domain, where fracture detection and risk estimation are key to reducing the mortality and/or morbidity of this bone disease. In this article, we review the different applications of SSMs and SAMs in the context of osteoporosis, and it concludes with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages for this application.

  19. Language Models for Handwritten Short Message Services

    CERN Document Server

    Prochasson, Emmanuel Ep; Morin, Emmanuel

    2009-01-01

    Handwriting is an alternative method for entering texts composing Short Message Services. However, a whole new language features the texts which are produced. They include for instance abbreviations and other consonantal writing which sprung up for time saving and fashion. We have collected and processed a significant number of such handwriting SMS, and used various strategies to tackle this challenging area of handwriting recognition. We proposed to study more specifically three different phenomena: consonant skeleton, rebus, and phonetic writing. For each of them, we compare the rough results produced by a standard recognition system with those obtained when using a specific language model.

  20. The Anti-Emetic Properties of 1-Sulpiride in a Ground-Based Model of Space Motion Sickness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Joseph D.; Brizzee, Kenneth R.

    1987-01-01

    L-sulpiride, at a dose of 4 mg/kg, essentially abolished motion- induced emesis in a group of 6 squirrel monkeys undergoing horizontal rotation at 25 rpm, a terrestrial model of space motion sickness (SMS). Extrapyramidal side effects were not observed. In the absence of the drug, the usual emetic response returned. In comparison while typical neuroleptics were also strongly anti-emetic, they produced a considerable degree of rigidity and akinesia.

  1. 基于社会化媒体的中小零担物流企业营销路径选择%Selection of Marketing Path of SMS LTL Logistics Enterprises Based on Social Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗刚毅

    2012-01-01

    我国中小零担物流企业的社会化媒体营销的状况和成效不尽如人意,因此,在分析中小零担物流企业社会化媒体营销现状及制约因素的基础上,提出了中小零担物流企业应通过选拔复合型营销团队,精心选择多元化的营销渠道,创造高质量的传播内容,有效利用参与、互动提升品牌推广效果,强化声誉危机管理,完善营销效果评价体系等社会化媒体营销路径,来提升企业知名度与效益.%In this paper, on the basis of an analysis of the current status and constraints of the marketing of the social media for LTL logistics enterprises, we proposed that SMS LTL logistics enterprises should select diversified marketing channel through electing composite marketing teams, create high-quality content of communication, use participation and interaction to improve theeffect of the promotion, strengthen reputation crisis management and enhance the marketing effect evaluation system, etc., to better the reputation and benefit of the enterprises

  2. 基于Symbian OS系统的垃圾短信过滤器设计与实现%Design and Realization of Junk SMS Filtering Based on Symbian OS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文权

    2012-01-01

    结合目前常用的垃圾短信过滤方法,将相似度理论与模糊聚类理论知识相结合,设计出了一款基于Symbian OS系统的手机垃圾短信过滤器。此过滤器与单一贝叶斯文本算法和k近邻算法过滤相比,在准确率、正确率和召回率三个指标上都有了一定程度的提高。%In common use to filter Junk SMS combining with calculate similitude and fuzzy clustering theory, this article is based on Symbian OS to design a mobile terminal on the spain of filter. By practical. This type of filter in accuracy, precision and recall is better,compared with singularity Bayes and k nearest neighborhood.

  3. How to build and use the SMS early-warning mechanism for critical laboratory results%医技检查危急结果短信预警机制的建立与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国荣; 阎晓勤; 钟初雷

    2009-01-01

    借助医院信息系统与移动电话系统的连接,主诊医生移动电话号码与经治病人的关联,建立检验、放射、B超、心电图等医技检查危急结果短信预警机制,实现医技检查危急结果通过移动电话短信第一时间通知临床医生.短信预警机制的建立有助于临床医生获取危急信息、识别医疗风险、减少医疗差错.%Thanks to the communication between hospital information systems and the mobile phone system,the doctor in charge can contact his/her patient by mobile phone.This creates an early warning mechanism for critical results of laboratory tests such as clinical laboratory,radiological,ultrasound and ECC tests,in which the doctor in charge can be advised immediately of any critical results found in laboratory tests by SMS.This mechanism enables clinicians to acquire critical information,identify medical risks and minimize medical errors.

  4. 基于人脸识别和双线性对的安全短信通信系统%A Security SMS Communication System based on Face Recognition and Paring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李发鑫; 罗玉川; 王野; 索楠

    2012-01-01

      针对当前移动通信系统无法提供端到端的安全通信问题,文章综合利用人脸识别和椭圆曲线上的Tate配对,设计实现了一套适用于Android平台的智能手机端到端的安全短信通信系统,并在运行Android 2.3的索尼ST25i手机和Motorola MB525手机上成功地进行了测试.测试结果表明,该系统具有操作简单、安全可靠、自主可控、硬件要求低等优点.%  Considering that the current mobile communication system doesn’t afford security communication between end systems, designed and implemented a security end-to-end SMS communication system by utilizing the technology of Face Recognition and Tate Paring. The system has been tested on Sony ST25i and Motorola MB525 with android 2.3, the results of which indicates that the system has the advantages of convenience, security, self-control, low requirement of hardware.

  5. The crystal structure of gustavite, PbAgBi3S6. Analysis of twinning and polytypism using the OD approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makovicky, Emil; Topa, Dan

    2011-01-01

    The crystal structure of gustavite Pb1.06Ag0.95Bi2.80Sb0.20S5.99 from Rotgu¨lden, Lungau, Salzburg Land, Austria, was refined to R1 ¼ 2.76 % using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. Refined unit-cell parameters are a 7.0567(14), b 19.6905(39), c 8.2219(16) A ° , b 106.961(3) , unit-cell volume...... and the interlayer symmetry elements {(22/n1,1/2) 21/n1/2,2 21/2/ a2}. An alternative OD description uses planar unit layers with the layer symmetry P(2/ b) 21/c 21/m and the interlayer elements 22/n1,–1/2 21/n1/2,2 21/2/a2. The former description adheres closely to the details of coordination of bismuth observed...

  6. (1S,2R,3S,6S,7R-3,7,11,11-Tetramethyl-6,7-epoxybicyclo[5.4.0]undecane-2-ol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Loubidi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C15H26O2, was synthesized from β-himachalene (3,5,5,9-tetramethyl-2,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-benzocycloheptene, which was isolated from the Atlas cedar (cedrus atlantica. The molecule is built up from a seven-membered ring to which a six- and a three-membered ring are fused. The seven- and six-membered rings each have a twist-boat conformation. In the crystal, O—H...O hydrogen bonds link the molecules into zigzag chains running along the b-axis direction.

  7. A fractional model for time-variant non-Newtonian flow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Xu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This work applies a fractional flow model to describe a time-variant behavior of non-Newtonian substances. Specifically, we model the physical mechanism underlying the thixotropic and anti-thixotropic phenomena of non-Newtonian flow. This study investigates the behaviors of cellulose suspensions and SMS pastes under constant shear rate. The results imply that the presented model with only two parameters is adequate to fit experimental data. Moreover, the parameter of fractional order is an appropriate index to characterize the state of given substances. Its value indicates the extent of thixotropy and anti-thixotropy with positive and negative order respectively.

  8. Application of Web & SMS technology in highway slope geologic hazard monitoring and warning system%Web+SMS技术在公路边坡地质灾害监测中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德龙; 王洪辉; 张兆义; 范磊磊; 钟佳迅; 黄凡

    2011-01-01

    One highway slope geologic hazard monitoring and forecast system,which is based on advanced communications and computer technologies,was established to reduce or eliminate the impact of geological hazards.This system can transmit the monitoring data to the monitoring center by SMS through GSM network.Then the monitoring center will accomplish the data processing,storage,display,alarm and so on.Finally,the system builds a remote web data service delivery platform through the Browser / Server(B/S) mode to achieve the function that can monitor the state of slope remotely from anywhere there is an Internet connection.Thus it can enhance the rapidity,efficiency and intuitiveness of highway slope geologic hazard forecast system.The Monitoring examples show that landslide monitoring system has some characters of stable system,accurate data,high speed transmission and high precision monitoring,which was used in some sections from Bijie to Weining highway in Guizhou province.%为了减少或消除公路边坡地质灾害的影响,利用先进的通信和计算机技术建立公路边坡地质灾害监测预警系统,该系统将监测数据通过GSM网络以短信的方式传输至监测中心,然后由监测中心完成监测数据的处理、存储、显示、报警等工作,最后通过浏览器/服务器(B/S)模式构建远程Web数据服务发布平台,实现在任何有互联网的地方都可远程监测边坡物理特征的功能,从而提高了公路边坡灾害预警的快速性、高效性和直观性。经贵州省毕节至威宁高速公路部分标段开挖边坡的监测实例验证表明:系统稳定、数据准确、传输速度快、监测精度高。

  9. Develop a Model Component

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ensey, Tyler S.

    2013-01-01

    During my internship at NASA, I was a model developer for Ground Support Equipment (GSE). The purpose of a model developer is to develop and unit test model component libraries (fluid, electrical, gas, etc.). The models are designed to simulate software for GSE (Ground Special Power, Crew Access Arm, Cryo, Fire and Leak Detection System, Environmental Control System (ECS), etc. .) before they are implemented into hardware. These models support verifying local control and remote software for End-Item Software Under Test (SUT). The model simulates the physical behavior (function, state, limits and 110) of each end-item and it's dependencies as defined in the Subsystem Interface Table, Software Requirements & Design Specification (SRDS), Ground Integrated Schematic (GIS), and System Mechanical Schematic.(SMS). The software of each specific model component is simulated through MATLAB's Simulink program. The intensiv model development life cycle is a.s follows: Identify source documents; identify model scope; update schedule; preliminary design review; develop model requirements; update model.. scope; update schedule; detailed design review; create/modify library component; implement library components reference; implement subsystem components; develop a test script; run the test script; develop users guide; send model out for peer review; the model is sent out for verifictionlvalidation; if there is empirical data, a validation data package is generated; if there is not empirical data, a verification package is generated; the test results are then reviewed; and finally, the user. requests accreditation, and a statement of accreditation is prepared. Once each component model is reviewed and approved, they are intertwined together into one integrated model. This integrated model is then tested itself, through a test script and autotest, so that it can be concluded that all models work conjointly, for a single purpose. The component I was assigned, specifically, was a

  10. IM and SMS for the Circulation Desk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, June L.

    2012-01-01

    It's been well documented in a number of articles regarding the contemporary library patron that with the rise in mobile computing and smart phone technology, patrons are looking for fast and easy service from whichever technological avenue they are using to access library services. Libraries are responding with increasing numbers of online…

  11. A NOVEL VOTING SYSTEM USING SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Kamaraju

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting systems have the potential to improve traditional voting procedures by providing added convenience and flexibility to the voter. Numerous electronic voting schemes have been proposed in the past, but most of them have failed to provide voter authentication in an efficient and transparent way. On the other hand, GSM (Global System for Mobile communications is the most widely used mobile networking standard. There are more than one billion GSM users worldwide that represent a large user potential not for mobile telephony, but also for other mobile applications that exploit the mature GSM infrastructure. In this paper, the electronic voting scheme using GSM mobile technology is presented. By integrating an electronic voting scheme with the GSM infrastructure, we are able to exploit existing GSM authentication mechanisms and provide enhanced voter authentication and mobility while maintaining voter privacy. The objective of this project is to avoid the queue in voting time. Voting machines provide easy access to cast the vote by using mobile phone.

  12. SModelS: A Tool for Making Systematic Use of Simplified Models Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waltenberger, Wolfgang; SModelS Group.

    2016-10-01

    We present an automated software tool ”SModelS” to systematically confront theories Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) with experimental data. The tool consists of a general procedure to decompose such BSM theories into their Simplified Models Spectra (SMS). In addition, SModelS features a database containing the majority of the published SMS results of CMS and ATLAS. These results consist of the 95% confidence level upper limits on signal production cross sections. The two components together allow us to quickly confront any BSM model with LHC results. As a show-case example we will briefly discuss an application of our procedure to a specific supersymmetric model. It is one of our ongoing efforts to extend the framework to include also efficiency maps produced either by the experimental collaborations, by efforts performed within the phenomenological groups, or possibly also by ourselves. While the current implementation can handle null results only, it is our ultimate goal to build the Next Standard Model in a bottom-up fashion from both negative and positive results of several experiments. The implementation is open source, written in python, and available from http://smodels.hephy.at.

  13. Application of SMS Follow-Up Technology in Health Intervention for Malignant Tumor Patients%短信息随诊技术在恶性肿瘤患者院后健康干预的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊美娜; 王凯鹏

    2015-01-01

    Medical follow-up business requirements along with the progress of medicine,science and technology development.At the same time follow-up technology also transit from the traditional correspondence, telephone to modern communication means. This article based on a tumor hospital as an example, through the application of short information technology in patients with clinical practice, provides efficient and convenient means of doctor-patient communication for the hospital. Through the analysis of 60905 cases text messages with clinical data from 2009 to 2013 we find that SMS follow-up is the effective way of health management for patients with 1 year period clinic visits. The remind, notice, greetings, science one-way text content, such as the patient timely review, the drug use,Effectively to achieve the purpose of health management and real-time monitoring disease development trend at the same time, seize the optimal timing of treatment, and improve the quality of patients and survival, provides the high quality for the medical education and research, is the escort of the patient's health.%病案随诊业务需求随医学、科技的进步而不断发展,同时随诊技术手段也由传统的信函、电话向现代化通讯手段逐步过渡。文章以某肿瘤专科医院为例,通过应用短信息技术进行患者随诊的实践,可为医院提供了高效、便捷的医患沟通联络手段。通过分析2009年至2013年60905例短信随诊数据,短信随诊是实现1年期内的患者院后随诊及健康管理的有效方式。适用于提醒类、通知类、问候类、科普类等单向短信内容,提示患者按期复查、规范用药、有效达到对患者进行健康管理的目的,同时实时监控疾病发展走向,抓住最佳治疗时机,最大可能的提高患者生存期及生存质量,为医教研提供高质量随诊数据,为患者的健康保驾护航。

  14. Maturity Models in the Age of Digital Diversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Normann; Henriksen, Helle Zinner; Medaglia, Rony

    2012-01-01

    This chapter proposes a reorientation of the e-government maturity models by focusing on the activities rather than on the formal organizational structures and have the citizens as the key stakeholder for future e-government investments. We draw upon a discussion on the limitations of the popular e......-government maturity model by Layne and Lee [1] included in the proposal of the Public Sector Process Rebuilding (PPR) model [2, 3]. The adoption and adaptation of Web 2.0 platforms and location-based services, and the parallel extension of conventional technologies as SMS and web-based self-services, challenge...... the view that e-government is focused in a formal organizational span of control. We propose a refined operationalization of the PPR maturity model, arguing that the activities and individual workers within the public sector and the citizens using and co-producing the public services will be the vehicle...

  15. Maturity Models in the Age of Digital Diversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Normann; Henriksen, Helle Zinner; Medaglia, Rony

    2012-01-01

    the view that e-government is focused in a formal organizational span of control. We propose a refined operationalization of the PPR maturity model, arguing that the activities and individual workers within the public sector and the citizens using and co-producing the public services will be the vehicle......This chapter proposes a reorientation of the e-government maturity models by focusing on the activities rather than on the formal organizational structures and have the citizens as the key stakeholder for future e-government investments. We draw upon a discussion on the limitations of the popular e......-government maturity model by Layne and Lee [1] included in the proposal of the Public Sector Process Rebuilding (PPR) model [2, 3]. The adoption and adaptation of Web 2.0 platforms and location-based services, and the parallel extension of conventional technologies as SMS and web-based self-services, challenge...

  16. SMS手术衣材料的“三拒一抗/单向导湿”双面泡沫整理%"Three Repellent and Antistatic/ Directional Water-Transfer" Foam Coating Finishing for SMS Surgical Gown Material on Two Sides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洁; 殷保璞; 靳向煜

    2014-01-01

    采用泡沫整理法对纺黏-熔喷-纺黏(SMS)手术衣材料进行一面亲水整理一面三拒(拒酒精、拒油、拒血液)一抗(抗静电)整理,使材料在具有防护性的同时具有单向导湿性能.通过9组正交试验得出最优试验配方:亲水剂质量浓度为30 g/L,防水剂质量浓度为75 g/L,抗静电剂质量浓度为75 g/L,烘干温度为80℃,烘干时间为4 min,焙烘温度为120℃,焙烘时间为3 min.

  17. Determinants of phubbing, which is the sum of many virtual addictions: a structural equation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadağ, Engin; Tosuntaş, Şule Betül; Erzen, Evren; Duru, Pinar; Bostan, Nalan; Şahin, Berrak Mizrak; Çulha, İlkay; Babadağ, Burcu

    2015-06-01

    Phubbing can be described as an individual looking at his or her mobile phone during a conversation with other individuals, dealing with the mobile phone and escaping from interpersonal communication. In this research, determinants of phubbing behavior were investigated; in addition, the effects of gender, smart phone ownership and social media membership were tested as moderators. To examine the cause-effect relations among the variables of the theoretical model, the research employs a correlational design. Participants were 409 university students who were selected via random sampling. Phubbing was obtained via the scales featuring mobile phone addiction, SMS addiction, internet addiction, social media addiction and game addiction. The obtained data were analyzed using a correlation analysis, multiple linear regression analysis and structural equation model. The results showed that the most important determinants of phubbing behavior are mobile phone, SMS, social media and internet addictions. Although the findings show that the highest correlation value explaining phubbing is a mobile phone addiction, the other correlation values reflect a dependency on the phone. There is an increasing tendency towards mobile phone use, and this tendency prepares the basis of phubbing.

  18. A Feasibility Study on Short Messaging Service (SMS) as a Strategy to Improve Adherence to TB Services%短信提醒系统提高结核患者治疗依从性的可行性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蕾; 刘琴; 王宏; 唐晓君; 雷迅; 王靖; 宋文丰; 汪洋

    2011-01-01

    Objective To estimate the proportion of Chongqing TB patients who have access to mobile phones, to describe the utilization practice of those mobile phones, and to learn the general information of those TB patients, so as to provide feasibility basis for further intervention of SMS reminder systems.Methods The stratified cluster sampling method was used and four TB high-risk districts were selected.Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to interview the TB patients and suspects who had come to their local TB dispensaries during the past two months.The quantitative data was double entered using EpiData 3.1.The association of mobile phone utilization parameters with key variables was determined using chi-square test and logistic regression analyses.The qualitative data was managed,coded and retrieved using MAXQDA, and analyzed using thematic framework approach.Results Of the patients interviewed by quantitative research, the mobile phone ownership rate was 91.1%; 914 cases (80.4%) of the respondents were able to receive text messages; and most people (81%) held favorable opinions on SMS reminders.The main factors related to mobile phone ownerships and receiving SMS were age, occupation, education level, and place of residence.The male patients, in the age group of 19-49 years old, with education level of high school or higher were more likely to have access to mobile phones.The results from qualitative interview were similar.Conclusion Considering the high access to mobile phones of patients interviewed and patients' views on SMS reminders, it is feasible to conduct a pilot intervention using SMS as a strategy to improve adherence to TB treatment in Chongqing.%目的 调查重庆市部分区县结核病患者移动电话拥有率及使用情况,了解其基本信息,为进一步开展短信提醒系统干预试点提供依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样法,选择重庆市结核病高发的4个区县,对两个月内就诊的疑似和

  19. Penetrance of craniofacial anomalies in mouse models of Smith-Magenis syndrome is modified by genomic sequence surrounding Rai1: not all null alleles are alike.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Jiong; Bi, Weimin; Lupski, James R

    2007-03-01

    Craniofacial abnormality is one of the major clinical manifestations of Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS). Previous analyses in a mixed genetic background of several SMS mouse models--including Df(11)17/+ and Df(11)17-1/+, which have 2-Mb and 590-kb deletions, respectively, and Rai1(-/+)--revealed that the penetrance of the craniofacial phenotype appears to be influenced by deletion size and genetic background. We generated an additional strain with a 1-Mb deletion intermediate in size between the two described above. Remarkably, the penetrance of its craniofacial anomalies in the mixed background was between those of Df(11)17 and Df(11)17-1. We further analyzed the deletion mutations and the Rai1(-/+) allele in a pure C57BL/6 background, to control for nonlinked modifier loci. The penetrance of the craniofacial anomalies was markedly increased for all the strains in comparison with the mixed background. Mice with Df(11)17 and Df(11)17-1 deletions had a similar penetrance, suggesting that penetrance may be less influenced by deletion size, whereas that of Rai1(-/+) mice was significantly lower than that of the deletion strains. We hypothesize that potential trans-regulatory sequence(s) or gene(s) that reside within the 590-kb genomic interval surrounding Rai1 are the major modifying genetic element(s) affecting the craniofacial penetrance. Moreover, we confirmed the influence of genetic background and different deletion sizes on the phenotype. The complicated control of the penetrance for one phenotype in SMS mouse models provides tools to elucidate molecular mechanisms for penetrance and clearly shows that a null allele caused by chromosomal deletion can have different phenotypic consequences than one caused by gene inactivation.

  20. The challenges of working values of SEH (Safety, Environment and Health) in the construction of Urucu / Manaus Gas Pipeline in the Amazon rain forest; Os desafios de trabalhar os valores de SMS (Seguranca, Meio ambiente e Saude) na construcao do Gasoduto Urucu/Manaus na Floresta Amazonica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendes, Jeane Ramos; Rocha, Katia Rosilene Soares da; Paredio, Lindoneide Lima [Concremat Engenharia e Tecnologia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pellin, Madson Weider Elgaly [JPTE Engenharia, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Barreto, Jean Luis Campos [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This work, aims to sharpen the main difficulties of acting in SMS and the corrective and preventive measures in the work of the pipeline Urucu / Manaus, located in the influence of the Solimoes River, covering several municipalities in the state of Amazonas (Coari, Codajas, Caapiranga, Anama, Iranduba, Manaus). Such pipeline has three spread, namely Spread A, from Urucu to Coari, Spread B1, from Coari to Anama, and Spread B2, from Anama to Manaus. For the purpose of the present case, we have focused on the Spread B2, from the city of Anama to Manaus, from km 475 to Km 662, being 174,400 m long. Its main line ends right within the premises of the Refinaria Isaac Sabba (a local refinery), which is located at Rua Rio Quixito - Distrito Industrial. The purpose of the pipeline is to convey natural gas to the Pressure Regulating Station, which is located close by the aforementioned refinery. The gas is transported to Maua Thermoelectrical, to generate energy for certain areas of the Amazon capital city. The information has been obtained through observations made on the difficulties faced by the workers to comply with safety behaviour while carrying out their activities. Also, by using several tools, such us Auditoria Comportamental (Behaviour Auditing) - Audicomp, Aplicacao de Listas de Verificacao - LV's (Verification Lists), as well as Indice de Praticas Seguras - IPS (Safety Practices Index). The collected data is analysed, and displayed in graphics, tables and processed in PETROBRAS internal systems, such Audicomp (Behaviour Auditing), SALV (Verification Lists Application System), and Auditoria de IPS (Safety Practices Index Auditing). The main difficulties to implement SMS (Safety, Environment and Health) in a pipeline works in the Amazon require from the transportation logistics, communication problems, lack of enough local skilled labor, the adverse region's season conditions, both flood and dry seasons, as well as to commit the local population with

  1. Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel-Christiansen, Carsten

    2005-01-01

    Artiklen fremhæver den visuelle rotation - billeder, tegninger, modeller, værker - som det privilligerede medium i kommunikationen af ideer imellem skabende arkitekter......Artiklen fremhæver den visuelle rotation - billeder, tegninger, modeller, værker - som det privilligerede medium i kommunikationen af ideer imellem skabende arkitekter...

  2. Modelling

    CERN Document Server

    Spädtke, P

    2013-01-01

    Modeling of technical machines became a standard technique since computer became powerful enough to handle the amount of data relevant to the specific system. Simulation of an existing physical device requires the knowledge of all relevant quantities. Electric fields given by the surrounding boundary as well as magnetic fields caused by coils or permanent magnets have to be known. Internal sources for both fields are sometimes taken into account, such as space charge forces or the internal magnetic field of a moving bunch of charged particles. Used solver routines are briefly described and some bench-marking is shown to estimate necessary computing times for different problems. Different types of charged particle sources will be shown together with a suitable model to describe the physical model. Electron guns are covered as well as different ion sources (volume ion sources, laser ion sources, Penning ion sources, electron resonance ion sources, and H$^-$-sources) together with some remarks on beam transport.

  3. Proteolytic activity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains associated with Italian dry-fermented sausages in a model system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaves-López, Clemencia; Paparella, Antonello; Tofalo, Rosanna; Suzzi, Giovanna

    2011-10-17

    Strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolated from Italian salami were screened for proteolytic activity in a model system containing sarcoplasmic (SMS) or myofibrillar (MMS) proteins, at 20°C for 14days, to evaluate the possible influence on the proteolysis of fermented sausages. SDS-PAGE revealed that 14 of the most osmotolerant strains were responsible for the extensive hydrolysis of the main myofibrillar proteins, while only one strain was able to hydrolyze sarcoplasmic proteins. Free amino acids (FAA) accumulated during proteolysis were strain-dependent with different patterns from sarcoplasmic or myofibrillar protein fraction. In general, proteolysis lead Cys, Glu, Lys and Val as the most abundant FAA in the inoculated MMS samples. Volatile compound analysis, determined by SPME-GC-MS, evidenced 3-methyl butanol in MMS, and 2-methyl propanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol in SMS as major compounds. Our findings highlight that S. cerevisiae could influence the composition in amino acids and volatile compounds in fermented sausages, with a strain-dependent activity.

  4. model

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    trie neural construction oí inoiviouo! unci communal identities in ... occurs, Including models based on Information processing,1 ... Applying the DSM descriptive approach to dissociation in the ... a personal, narrative path lhal connects personal lo ethnic ..... managed the problem in the context of the community, using a.

  5. (1S,2R,3S,6S,7R)-3,7,11,11-Tetra-methyl-6,7-epoxybi-cyclo-[5.4.0]undecane-2-ol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loubidi, Mohamed; Benharref, Ahmed; El Ammari, Lahcen; Saadi, Mohamed; Berraho, Moha

    2014-05-01

    The title compound, C15H26O2, was synthesized from β-himachalene (3,5,5,9-tetra-methyl-2,4a,5,6,7,8-hexa-hydro-1H-benzo-cyclo-heptene), which was isolated from the Atlas cedar (cedrus atlantica). The mol-ecule is built up from a seven-membered ring to which a six- and a three-membered ring are fused. The seven- and six-membered rings each have a twist-boat conformation. In the crystal, O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into zigzag chains running along the b-axis direction.

  6. (1S,2R,3S,6S,7R)-3,7,11,11-Tetra­methyl-6,7-epoxybi­cyclo­[5.4.0]undecane-2-ol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loubidi, Mohamed; Benharref, Ahmed; El Ammari, Lahcen; Saadi, Mohamed; Berraho, Moha

    2014-01-01

    The title compound, C15H26O2, was synthesized from β-himachalene (3,5,5,9-tetra­methyl-2,4a,5,6,7,8-hexa­hydro-1H-benzo­cyclo­heptene), which was isolated from the Atlas cedar (cedrus atlantica). The mol­ecule is built up from a seven-membered ring to which a six- and a three-membered ring are fused. The seven- and six-membered rings each have a twist-boat conformation. In the crystal, O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into zigzag chains running along the b-axis direction. PMID:24860392

  7. A Surveillance Model for Human Avian Influenza with a Comprehensive Surveillance System for Local-Priority Communicable Diseases in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanafusa, Shigeki; Muhadir, Andi; Santoso, Hari; Tanaka, Kohtaroh; Anwar, Muhammad; Sulistyo, Erwan Tri; Hachiya, Masahiko

    2012-01-01

    The government of Indonesia and the Japan International Cooperation Agency launched a three-year project (2008–2011) to strengthen the surveillance of human avian influenza cases through a comprehensive surveillance system of local-priority communicable diseases in South Sulawesi Province. Based on findings from preliminary and baseline surveys, the project developed a technical protocol for surveillance and response activities in local settings, consistent with national guidelines. District surveillance officers (DSOs) and rapid-response-team members underwent training to improve surveillance and response skills. A network-based early warning and response system for weekly reports and a short message service (SMS) gateway for outbreak reports, both encompassing more than 20 probable outbreak diseases, were introduced to support existing paper-based systems. Two further strategies were implemented to optimize project outputs: a simulation exercise and a DSO-centered model. As a result, the timeliness of weekly reports improved from 33% in 2009 to 82% in 2011. In 2011, 65 outbreaks were reported using the SMS, with 64 subsequent paper-based reports. All suspected human avian influenza outbreaks up to September 2011 were reported in the stipulated format. A crosscutting approach using human avian influenza as the core disease for coordinating surveillance activities improved the overall surveillance system for communicable diseases. PMID:23532690

  8. The influence of the solar radiation model on the calcutated solar radiation from a horizontal surface to a tilted surface

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Elsa; Lund, Hans; Furbo, Simon

    2004-01-01

    in the calculation. The weather data are measured at the solar radiation measurement station, SMS at the Department of Civil Engineering at the Technical University of Denmark. In this study the weather data are combined with solar collector calculations based on solar collector test carried out at Solar Energy......Measured solar radiation data are most commonly available as total solar radiation on a horizontal surface. When using solar radiation measured on horizontal to calculate the solar radiation on tilted surfaces and thereby the thermal performance of different applications such as buildings and solar...... heating systems, different solar radiation models can be used. The calculation of beam radiation from a horizontal surface to a tilted surface can be done exactly whereas different solar radiation models can calculate the sky diffuse radiation. The sky diffuse radiation can either be assumed evenly...

  9. A Mobile Commerce Model for Automobile Rescue Services

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Liyi; Liu, Qihua

    2010-01-01

    With the advance of mobile commerce technology, mobile businesses rapidly gain its popularity. Many factors, including LBS (Location-Based Services) SMS and Electronic Map are becoming the key words of mobile business. The authors comprehend those factors as

  10. Modeling and Characterization of Next Generation Network in a Developing Economy: From Data Collection to Estimation of Traffic Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathaniel S. Tarkaa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The accurate estimation of the traffic parameters, especially traffic intensity that the network must support is a key criterion in the development of an effective Next Generation Network (NGN model. In this paper, starting from data collection involving users of telecommunication services in Benue State, Nigeria, the call rate, data transaction rate, call holding times/data transaction time and traffic intensity have been estimated at the 23 local government headquarters of the State. The existing network in Benue State is GSM based and the services provided are Voice, SMS and Internet. A marketing research was first conducted to determine the level of services usage by the amount of money spent by the high, middle and low income earners. Then using the prevailing tariff rates, the amount of data transferred in bits for the three classes of services were determined. The traffic model used is based on a probabilistic model of events initiated by calls and transactions of NGN services. The model is used to estimate the symmetrical and asymmetrical traffic intensities separately at each of the 23 headquarters representing the network nodes. Generally, the results of the study show that a developing country is characterized by a prevalence of voice and SMS services, and limited Internet services; large number of low income earners; and low rates of call/data transactions and traffic intensities. The study demonstrates a method to estimate traffic parameters at different network nodes starting from subscriber field studies. The use of the method will facilitate the preparation of both business and technical plans for effective and efficient planning and dimensioning of NGN networks in a developing economy.

  11. Spatial representation of organic carbon and active-layer thickness of high latitude soils in CMIP5 earth system models.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mishra, Umakant; Drewniak, B.; Jastrow, J.D.; Matamala, R.; Vitharana, Wellewatte

    2017-08-08

    Soil properties such as soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks and active-layer thickness are used in earth system models (F.SMs) to predict anthropogenic and climatic impacts on soil carbon dynamics, future changes in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, and associated climate changes in the permafrost regions. Accurate representation of spatial and vertical distribution of these soil properties in ESMs is a prerequisite for redudng existing uncertainty in predicting carbon-climate feedbacks. We compared the spatial representation of SOC stocks and active-layer thicknesses predicted by the coupled Modellntercomparison Project Phase 5 { CMIP5) ESMs with those predicted from geospatial predictions, based on observation data for the state of Alaska, USA. For the geospatial modeling. we used soil profile observations {585 for SOC stocks and 153 for active-layer thickness) and environmental variables (climate, topography, land cover, and surficial geology types) and generated fine-resolution (50-m spatial resolution) predictions of SOC stocks (to 1-m depth) and active-layer thickness across Alaska. We found large inter-quartile range (2.5-5.5 m) in predicted active-layer thickness of CMIP5 modeled results and small inter-quartile range (11.5-22 kg m-2) in predicted SOC stocks. The spatial coefficient of variability of active-layer thickness and SOC stocks were lower in CMIP5 predictions compared to our geospatial estimates when gridded at similar spatial resolutions (24.7 compared to 30% and 29 compared to 38%, respectively). However, prediction errors. when calculated for independent validation sites, were several times larger in ESM predictions compared to geospatial predictions. Primaly factors leading to observed differences were ( 1) lack of spatial heterogeneity in ESM predictions, (2) differences in assumptions concerning environmental controls, and (3) the absence of pedogenic processes in ESM model structures. Our results suggest that efforts to incorporate

  12. Pharmacokinetic Modeling of Intranasal Scopolamine in Plasma Saliva and Urine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, L.; Tam, V. H.; Chow, D. S. L.; Putcha, L.

    2015-01-01

    An intranasal gel dosage formulation of scopolamine (INSCOP) was developed for the treatment of Space Motion Sickness (SMS). The bioavailability and pharmacokinetics (PK) were evaluated under IND (Investigational New Drug) guidelines. The aim of the project was to develop a PK model that can predict the relationships among plasma, saliva and urinary scopolamine concentrations using data collected from the IND clinical trial protocol with INSCOP. Twelve healthy human subjects were administered at three dose levels (0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 mg) of INSCOP. Serial blood, saliva and urine samples were collected between 5 min to 24 h after dosing and scopolamine concentrations were measured by using a validated LC-MS-MS assay. PK compartmental models, using actual dosing and sampling time, were established using Phoenix (version 1.2). Model selection was based on a likelihood ratio test on the difference of criteria (-2LL (i.e. log-likelihood ratio test)) and comparison of the quality of fit plots. The results: Predictable correlations among scopolamine concentrations in compartments of plasma, saliva and urine were established, and for the first time the model satisfactorily predicted the population and individual PK of INSCOP in plasma, saliva and urine. The model can be utilized to predict the INSCOP plasma concentration by saliva and urine data, and it will be useful for monitoring the PK of scopolamine in space and other remote environments using non-invasive sampling of saliva and/or urine.

  13. Model-Driven Energy Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    System Controls ........................................................................................ 23 5.4 OPERATIONAL TESTING...Construction Operations Building information exchange COTS commercial-off-the-shelf DCS digital control system DDC direct digital control DoD...performance objective RTU roof-top unit SMS Sustainment Management System STIG Secure Technical Information Guide UI user interface UMCS utility

  14. Elforbrug på e-mail & sms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ellen Tove; Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Grønhøj, Alice

    in storytelling to friends and family. Thereby it also becomes part of the social norm landscape and contributes to the fostering of both family identity and the education of children. Such a reframing of feedback information from a saving focus to a service focus may lead to the development of new services...

  15. Usability design of Short Message Service (SMS) mobile phone banking

    OpenAIRE

    Peevers, Gareth James

    2010-01-01

    The financial services sector is investing considerable sums of money into mobile banking services, but the uptake by customers has been low. The cost to benefit ratio of mobile banking is highly unsatisfactory when the costs of developing and managing the channel are considered. Many of the advantages of Internet banking are shared by mobile banking e.g. control and time saving. Mobile banking also offers higher convenience with the ability to carry out banking whenever and ...

  16. Usability design of Short Message Service (SMS) mobile phone banking

    OpenAIRE

    Peevers, Gareth James

    2010-01-01

    The financial services sector is investing considerable sums of money into mobile banking services, but the uptake by customers has been low. The cost to benefit ratio of mobile banking is highly unsatisfactory when the costs of developing and managing the channel are considered. Many of the advantages of Internet banking are shared by mobile banking e.g. control and time saving. Mobile banking also offers higher convenience with the ability to carry out banking whenever and ...

  17. What Do Mobiles Speak in Algeria? Evidence from SMS Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostari, Hind Amel

    2009-01-01

    When Algeria opened its markets to foreign investment starting from the early 2000s, a technological boom occurred, including the expansion of mobile phone use. New technologies have had a considerable impact on the Algerian diglossic situation, in recent decades, and have contributed in the democratisation of the local dialects, which are being…

  18. Location Sharing System Using GPS Technology for Minimizing SMS Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.Manikandan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Enhanced Privacy in Mobile Online Social Networks to providing the location information to the User /server in the online location server. MOSNs, more and more users‘ location information will be collected by the service providers in mOSN. The users‘ privacy, including location privacy and social network privacy can be improved using the User Registration & encryption of the data stored into the server. It should aiming at achieving enhanced privacy against the insider attack launched by the service providers in mOSNs, we introduce a new architecture with multiple location servers for the first time and propose a secure solution supporting location sharing among friends and strangers in location-based applications. In our construction, the user‘s friend set in each friend‘s query submitted to the location servers is divided into multiple subsets by the social network server randomly. Location-based services (LBSs are one of the most important components in mOSNs, which provides information and entertainment service based on the geographical position of the mobile device. The entity of users, with mobile devices, is able to communicate with other users and share their locations. Online social network Server manages users‘ identity-related information such as users‘ profiles and friend lists. Location server stores users‘ location information and provides LBSs according to the requests sent from users. Here we are going to improve the user location privacy, social network privacy.

  19. Generic Model to Send Secure Alerts for Utility Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perez–Díaz J.A.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In some industries such as logistics services, bank services, and others, the use of automated systems that deliver critical business information anytime and anywhere play an important role in the decision making process. This paper introduces a "Generic model to send secure alerts and notifications", which operates as a middleware between enterprise data sources and its mobile users. This model uses Short Message Service (SMS as its main mobile messaging technology, however is open to use new types of messaging technologies. Our model is interoperable with existing information systems, it can store any kind of information about alerts or notifications at different levels of granularity, it offers different types of notifications (as analert when critical business problems occur,asanotificationina periodical basis or as 2 way query. Notification rules can be customized by final users according to their preferences. The model provides a security framework in the cases where information requires confidentiality, it is extensible to existing and new messaging technologies (like e–mail, MMS, etc. It is a platform, mobile operator and hardware independent. Currently, our solution is being used at the Comisión Federal de Electricidad (Mexico's utility company to deliver secure alerts related to critical events registered in the main power generation plants of our country.

  20. Mouse models of genomic syndromes as tools for understanding the basis of complex traits: an example with the smith-magenis and the potocki-lupski syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmona-Mora, P; Molina, J; Encina, C A; Walz, K

    2009-06-01

    Each human's genome is distinguished by extra and missing DNA that can be "benign" or powerfully impact everything from development to disease. In the case of genomic disorders DNA rearrangements, such as deletions or duplications, correlate with a clinical specific phenotype. The clinical presentations of genomic disorders were thought to result from altered gene copy number of physically linked dosage sensitive genes. Genomic disorders are frequent diseases (~1 per 1,000 births). Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) and Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS) are genomic disorders, associated with a deletion and a duplication, of 3.7 Mb respectively, within chromosome 17 band p11.2. This region includes 23 genes. Both syndromes have complex and distinctive phenotypes including multiple congenital and neurobehavioral abnormalities. Human chromosome 17p11.2 is syntenic to the 32-34 cM region of murine chromosome 11. The number and order of the genes are highly conserved. In this review, we will exemplify how genomic disorders can be modeled in mice and the advantages that such models can give in the study of genomic disorders in particular and gene copy number variation (CNV) in general. The contributions of the SMS and PTLS animal models in several aspects ranging from more specific ones, as the definition of the clinical aspects of the human clinical spectrum, the identification of dosage sensitive genes related to the human syndromes, to the more general contributions as the definition of genetic locus impacting obesity and behavior and the elucidation of general mechanisms related to the pathogenesis of gene CNV are discussed.

  1. Design and testing of the navigation model for three axis stabilized earth oriented satellites applied to the ATS-6 satellite image data base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlow, W. W.; Chatters, G. C.

    1977-01-01

    An earth edge methodology has been developed to account for the relative attitude changes between successive ATS-6 images which allows reasonable high quality wind sets to be produced. The method consists of measuring the displacements of the right and left infrared earth edges between successive ATS-6 images as a function of scan line; from these measurements the attitude changes can be deduced and used to correct the apparent cloud displacement measurements. The wind data sets generated from ATS-6 using the earth-edge methodology were compared with those derived from the SMS-1 images (and model) covering the same time period. Quantitative comparisons for low level trade cumuli were made at interpolated uniformly spaced grid points and for selected individual comparison clouds. Selected individual comparison clouds, the root-mean-square differences for the U and V components were 1.0 and 1.2 meters per second with a maximum wind direction difference of 15 deg.

  2. Adenovirus-mediated sphingomyelin synthase 2 increases atherosclerotic lesions in ApoE KO mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Yarui

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sphingomyelin synthase 2 (SMS2 contributes to de novo sphingomyelin (SM biosynthesis. Its activity is related to SM levels in the plasma and the cell membrane. In this study, we investigated the possibility of a direct relationship between SMS and atherosclerosis. Methods The Adenovirus containing SMS2 gene was given into 10-week ApoE KO C57BL/6J mice by femoral intravenous injection. In the control group, the Adenovirus containing GFP was given. To confirm this model, we took both mRNA level examination (RT-PCR and protein level examination (SMS activity assay. Result We generated recombinant adenovirus vectors containing either human SMS2 cDNA (AdV-SMS2 or GFP cDNA (AdV-GFP. On day six after intravenous infusion of 2 × 1011 particle numbers into ten-week-old apoE KO mice, AdV-SMS2 treatment significantly increased liver SMS2 mRNA levels and SMS activity (by 2.7-fold, 2.3-fold, p Conclusions Our results present direct morphological evidence for the pro-atherogenic capabilities of SMS2. SMS2 could be a potential target for treating atherosclerosis.

  3. Environmental Management Model for Road Maintenance Operation Involving Community Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triyono, A. R. H.; Setyawan, A.; Sobriyah; Setiono, P.

    2017-07-01

    Public expectations of Central Java, which is very high on demand fulfillment, especially road infrastructure as outlined in the number of complaints and community expectations tweeter, Short Mail Massage (SMS), e-mail and public reports from various media, Highways Department of Central Java province requires development model of environmental management in the implementation of a routine way by involving the community in order to fulfill the conditions of a representative, may serve road users safely and comfortably. This study used survey method with SEM analysis and SWOT with Latent Independent Variable (X), namely; Public Participation in the regulation, development, construction and supervision of road (PSM); Public behavior in the utilization of the road (PMJ) Provincial Road Service (PJP); Safety in the Provincial Road (KJP); Integrated Management System (SMT) and latent dependent variable (Y) routine maintenance of the provincial road that is integrated with the environmental management system and involve the participation of the community (MML). The result showed the implementation of routine maintenance of road conditions in Central Java province has yet to implement an environmental management by involving the community; Therefore developed environmental management model with the results of H1: Community Participation (PSM) has positive influence on the Model of Environmental Management (MML); H2: Behavior Society in Jalan Utilization (PMJ) positive effect on Model Environmental Management (MML); H3: Provincial Road Service (PJP) positive effect on Model Environmental Management (MML); H4: Safety in the Provincial Road (KJP) positive effect on Model Environmental Management (MML); H5: Integrated Management System (SMT) has positive influence on the Model of Environmental Management (MML). From the analysis obtained formulation model describing the relationship / influence of the independent variables PSM, PMJ, PJP, KJP, and SMT on the dependent variable

  4. 基于频谱建模合成技术的自动音调修正系统❋%An Automatic Pitch Correction System Based on Spectral Modeling Synthesis Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨楠

    2016-01-01

    Pitch correction with preservation of timbre has been a difficult technical issue that hinders the development of music applications.To address this problem,a spectral modeling synthesis (SMS)based automatic pitch correction system is proposed.It extracts the pitch contour in real time with voiced/unvoiced decision and pitch detection.The extracted pitch contour is then compared with the reference pitches such that the detuned parts can be determined.Finally,the proposed SMS based method is applied to the voice to correct the pitches,preserving the timbre by preserving the spectral envelop. Experimental results suggest that the proposed system can provide good pitch correction effect.%保留音色的音调修正问题一直是困扰音乐类应用发展的技术难题。论文结合自动修音的应用需求,实现了一套基于频谱建模合成(Spectral Modeling Synthesis,SMS)技术的自动音调修正系统。它通过清浊音判决和音调检测来实时提取歌声的音调(音高),并与正确的参考音调(乐谱)进行对比,确定需要修正的跑调部分,最后采用论文提出的一种基于SMS技术的合成方法对歌声进行音调修正,通过保留其原有的频谱包络来确保修正后音色不变。论文对系统的清浊音判决算法和音调检测算法进行了客观评价,对歌声音调修正效果进行了主观听音评价,均达到了良好的效果。

  5. Model System Dynamics Infrastruktur BTS Ramah Lingkungan Daerah Rural untuk Optimalisasi Perhitungan ARPU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Sardjono

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Green Base transceiver station (BTS or known as remote BTS is a special BTS with IP technology-based that has a small capacity and takes low power consumption with standard features suitable for use in rural areas. BTS utilizes 100% solar energy as a source of energy. The infrastructure Green BTS is composed of high-tech devices which is able to save energy, environmentally friendly, small and lightweight. The high rate service calls and SMS on green BTS is caused by the absence of competition telecom operators at a site. The solution to this  problem needs to be done with system dynamics modeling approach with the aim to establish causality (cause and effect between the variables. The standard target of model pattern which has been changed on system dynamics can be used to demonstrate the behavior of the model between the number of subscribers, the availability of network capacity and ARPU (average revenue per user on the Green BTS site. On the changed standard target model, the actual revenue is placed as the actual event, the target revenue is as a target; the difference between the actual and target revenue is as gap, gap changes are as the pressure on the target and the corrective action taken against revenue as a corrective action. Based on simulation results, the standard model change targets can be developed by adding two negative loops (balancing loop as an alternative solution towards the achievement of revenue targets that have been set.

  6. Ground Movement Modelling in the STAR Combat Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    Wilbur Payne, Director U.S. Army TRADOC Systems Analysis Activity White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico 88002 19. Headquarters, Department of the Army...Agency 8120 Woodmont Avenue Attn: MOCA -SMS (CPT Steve Shupack) Bethesda, Maryland 20014 21. Commander U.S. Army Concepts Analysis Agency Attn: LTC Earl...Darden- MOCA -WG 8120 Woodmont Avenue Bethesda, MD. 20014 22. Director U.S. Army Night Vision & Electro-optical Lab. Attn: DEL-NV-VI-Mr. Bob Hermes Fort

  7. Coastal Modeling System: Dredging Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    simulate dredging activities in the St. Marys Entrance Channel (i.e., the offshore portion of the channel). Bathymetry data were obtained from NOAA’s...National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) web site (NGDC 2014) for St. Marys En- trance, the adjacent offshore area, and in Cumberland Sound. A...with tide constit- uent data using the tidal consistent database available via SMS. Wind data were obtained from the NOAA meteorological station at

  8. Markov-CA model using analytical hierarchy process and multiregression technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omar, N. Q.; Sanusi, S. A. M.; Hussin, W. M. W.; Samat, N.; Mohammed, K. S.

    2014-06-01

    The unprecedented increase in population and rapid rate of urbanisation has led to extensive land use changes. Cellular automata (CA) are increasingly used to simulate a variety of urban dynamics. This paper introduces a new CA based on an integration model built-in multi regression and multi-criteria evaluation to improve the representation of CA transition rule. This multi-criteria evaluation is implemented by utilising data relating to the environmental and socioeconomic factors in the study area in order to produce suitability maps (SMs) using an analytical hierarchical process, which is a well-known method. Before being integrated to generate suitability maps for the periods from 1984 to 2010 based on the different decision makings, which have become conditioned for the next step of CA generation. The suitability maps are compared in order to find the best maps based on the values of the root equation (R2). This comparison can help the stakeholders make better decisions. Thus, the resultant suitability map derives a predefined transition rule for the last step for CA model. The approach used in this study highlights a mechanism for monitoring and evaluating land-use and land-cover changes in Kirkuk city, Iraq owing changes in the structures of governments, wars, and an economic blockade over the past decades. The present study asserts the high applicability and flexibility of Markov-CA model. The results have shown that the model and its interrelated concepts are performing rather well.

  9. Effect of Education by Text Messaging Based on Health Belief Model on Food Handling Behaviors in Health Volunteers\\' Yazd City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MA Morowatisharifabad

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The text message can be presented as a way to change patterns of behavior-based prevention programs, such as the theory of planned behavior and health belief model to be used., And as an alternative approach to the individual and group training programs should be considered. The present study examined the effectiveness of this new method in promoting food handling behavior of a team of health volunteers on health belief model was based. Methods: This study was an evaluation of an intervention in which 16 health centers, 200 health volunteers who were actively involved Yazd city who were randomly divided into two groups. After the initial test, chi-square test, t test were analyzed. The intervention group received an educational package on the SMS regarding  food handling behavior on health Belief Model was designed for codification; wantonly within a month and a half a day and after 8 weeks of the last SMS sent from any intervention and control groups was performed in a secondary assessment. Tool for data gathering questionnaire consisting of structures of health belief model including demographic variables, respectively. Data were using 18spss and employing applied, statistical tests of non-parametric Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis, Chi-square and correlation coefficient the analysis was. Results: The overall food handling behavior, after training significantly increased in the intervention group (p =0/01, while the control group was not significant (p=0/21. Cooling behavior after training in the experimental group and the control group was significantly increased (p =0/00. Cooking behavior, after training in the intervention group (p =0/11 and control group( p =0/17 was not significantly increased. Individual health behavior, after training in the intervention group (p =0/13 and control group (p =0/07 was not significantly increased. Separation behavior after training has not significantly increased in the

  10. Improving Quality Using Architecture Fault Analysis with Confidence Arguments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    Improving Quality Using Architecture Fault Analysis with Confidence Arguments Peter H. Feiler Charles B. Weinstock John B. Goodenough...Design 8 2.3 Architecture Fault Modeling and Analysis with EMV2 8 2.4 Confidence Map Concepts and Notation 11 Overview of the Stepper-Motor System...Comparison of the SMS Designs 43 Establishing Confidence in the SMS 45 6.1 Confidence Maps for SMS 45 CMU/SEI-2015-TR-006 | SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

  11. Synthesis and Characterization of Y3+, S6+-Doped Mineral Lithium Fast Ion Conductor Li1.2+x-yYxTi1.9-xAl0.1Si0.1SyP2.9-yO12 System%Y3+, S6+掺杂的矿物锂快离子导体Li1.2+x-yYxTi1.9-xAl0.1Si0.1SyP2.9-yO12系统的合成与表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇; 张玉荣

    2005-01-01

    以LiTi2(PO4)3为母体,以天然高岭石为起始原料,经高温固相反应制得了一系列新的锂快离子导体Li1.2+x-yYxTi1.9-xAl0.1Si0.1SyP2.9-yO12(以下简称Y-S-Lisicon).X射线粉末衍射分析结果表明在x≤0.3,y<(0.2+x)的组成范围内均能得到类似于Nasicon三方结构的相,同时还存在其他杂相.应用交流阻抗技术测定电导率的结果表明起始组成为x=0.1,y=0.15的合成物电导率最高,其在室温下的电导率为2.93×10-5 S·cm-1,在673 K时可达3.62×10-2 S·cm-1,其在473~673 K间的活化能为37.19 kJ·mol-1,分解电压为3.0 V.

  12. Upscaling a catchment-scale ecohydrology model for regional-scale earth system modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, J. C.; Tague, C.; Liu, M.; Garcia, E.; Choate, J.; Mullis, T.; Hull, R.; Vaughan, J. K.; Kalyanaraman, A.; Nguyen, T.

    2014-12-01

    With a focus on the U.S. Pacific Northwest (PNW), BioEarth is an Earth System Model (EaSM) currently in development that explores the interactions between coupled C:N:H2O dynamics and resource management actions at the regional scale. Capturing coupled biogeochemical processes within EaSMs like BioEarth is important for exploring the response of the land surface to changes in climate and resource management actions; information that is important for shaping decisions that promote sustainable use of our natural resources. However, many EaSM frameworks do not adequately represent landscape-scale ( 10 km) are necessitated by computational limitations. Spatial heterogeneity in a landscape arises due to spatial differences in underlying soil and vegetation properties that control moisture, energy and nutrient fluxes; as well as differences that arise due to spatially-organized connections that may drive an ecohydrologic response by the land surface. While many land surface models used in EaSM frameworks capture the first type of heterogeneity, few account for the influence of lateral connectivity on land surface processes. This type of connectivity can be important when considering soil moisture and nutrient redistribution. The RHESSys model is utilized by BioEarth to enable a "bottom-up" approach that preserves fine spatial-scale sensitivities and lateral connectivity that may be important for coupled C:N:H2O dynamics over larger scales. RHESSys is a distributed eco-hydrologic model that was originally developed to run at relatively fine but computationally intensive spatial resolutions over small catchments. The objective of this presentation is to describe two developments to enable implementation of RHESSys over the PNW. 1) RHESSys is being adapted for BioEarth to allow for moderately coarser resolutions and the flexibility to capture both types of heterogeneity at biome-specific spatial scales. 2) A Kepler workflow is utilized to enable RHESSys implementation over

  13. Comparing snow models under current and future climates: Uncertainties and implications for hydrological impact studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troin, Magali; Poulin, Annie; Baraer, Michel; Brissette, François

    2016-09-01

    Projected climate change effects on snow hydrology are investigated for the 2041-2060 horizon following the SRES A2 emissions scenario over three snowmelt-dominated catchments in Quebec, Canada. A 16-member ensemble of eight snow models (SM) simulations, based on the high-resolution Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM-15 km) simulations driven by two realizations of the Canadian Global Climate Model (CGCM3), is established per catchment. This study aims to compare a range of SMs in their ability at simulating snow processes under current climate, and to evaluate how they affect the assessment of the climate change-induced snow impacts at the catchment scale. The variability of snowpack response caused by the use of different models within two different SM approaches (degree-day (DD) versus mixed degree-day/energy balance (DD/EB)) is also evaluated, as well as the uncertainty of natural climate variability. The simulations cover 1961-1990 in the present period and 2041-2060 in the future period. There is a general convergence in the ensemble spread of the climate change signals on snow water equivalent at the catchment scale, with an earlier peak and a decreased magnitude in all basins. The results of four snow indicators show that most of the uncertainty arises from natural climate variability (inter-member variability of the CRCM) followed by the snow model. Both the DD and DD/EB models provide comparable assessments of the impacts of climate change on snow hydrology at the catchment scale.

  14. Identification of Potential Drug Targets in Cancer Signaling Pathways using Stochastic Logical Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Peican; Aliabadi, Hamidreza Montazeri; Uludağ, Hasan; Han, Jie

    2016-03-18

    The investigation of vulnerable components in a signaling pathway can contribute to development of drug therapy addressing aberrations in that pathway. Here, an original signaling pathway is derived from the published literature on breast cancer models. New stochastic logical models are then developed to analyze the vulnerability of the components in multiple signalling sub-pathways involved in this signaling cascade. The computational results are consistent with the experimental results, where the selected proteins were silenced using specific siRNAs and the viability of the cells were analyzed 72 hours after silencing. The genes elF4E and NFkB are found to have nearly no effect on the relative cell viability and the genes JAK2, Stat3, S6K, JUN, FOS, Myc, and Mcl1 are effective candidates to influence the relative cell growth. The vulnerabilities of some targets such as Myc and S6K are found to vary significantly depending on the weights of the sub-pathways; this will be indicative of the chosen target to require customization for therapy. When these targets are utilized, the response of breast cancers from different patients will be highly variable because of the known heterogeneities in signaling pathways among the patients. The targets whose vulnerabilities are invariably high might be more universally acceptable targets.

  15. Design and analysis of SEIQR worm propagation model in mobile internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Xi; Fu, Peng; Dou, Changsheng; Li, Qing; Hu, Guangwu; Xia, Shutao

    2017-02-01

    The mobile Internet has considerably facilitated daily life in recent years. However, it has become the breeding ground for lots of new worms, including the Bluetooth-based worm, the SMS/MMS-based worm and the Wi-Fi-based worm. At present, Wi-Fi is widely used for mobile devices to connect to the Internet. But it exposes these devices to the dangerous environment. Most current worm propagation models aim to solve the problems of computer worms. They cannot be used directly in the mobile environment, particularly in the Wi-Fi scenario, because of the differences between computers and mobile devices. In this paper, we propose a worm propagation model in the Wi-Fi environment, called SEIQR (Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious- Quarantined-Recovered). In the model, infected nodes can be quarantined by the Wi-Fi base station, and a new state named the Quarantined state (Q) is established to represent these infected nodes. Based on this model, we present an effective method to inhibit the spread of the Wi-Fi-based worms. Furthermore, related stabilities of the worm-free and endemic equilibriums are studied based on the basic reproduction number R0. The worm-free equilibrium is locally and globally asymptotically stable if R0 < 1, whereas the endemic equilibrium is locally asymptotically stable if R0 < 1. Finally, we evaluate the performance of our model by comprehensive experiments with different infection rates and quarantine rates. The results indicate that our mechanism can combat the worms propagated via Wi-Fi.

  16. (1R,2R,3S,6aS,7R,8R,9S,12aS-1,2,3,7,8,9-Hexahydroxyperhydrodipyrido[1,2-a:1′,2′-d]pyrazine-6,12-dione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. F. Jenkinson

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The crystal structure of the title compound, C12H18N2O8, exists as O—H...O hydrogen-bonded layers of molecules running parallel to the ab plane. Each molecule is a donor and acceptor for six hydrogen bonds. The absolute stereochemistry was determined by the use of d-glucuronolactone as the starting material.

  17. Cost-Effectiveness of a Short Message Service Intervention to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes from Impaired Glucose Tolerance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos K. H. Wong

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. To investigate the costs and cost-effectiveness of a short message service (SMS intervention to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT. Methods. A Markov model was developed to simulate the cost and effectiveness outcomes of the SMS intervention and usual clinical practice from the health provider’s perspective. The direct programme costs and the two-year SMS intervention costs were evaluated in subjects with IGT. All costs were expressed in 2011 US dollars. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was calculated as cost per T2DM onset prevented, cost per life year gained, and cost per quality adjusted life year (QALY gained. Results. Within the two-year trial period, the net intervention cost of the SMS group was $42.03 per subject. The SMS intervention managed to reduce 5.05% onset of diabetes, resulting in saving $118.39 per subject over two years. In the lifetime model, the SMS intervention dominated the control by gaining an additional 0.071 QALY and saving $1020.35 per person. The SMS intervention remained dominant in all sensitivity analyses. Conclusions. The SMS intervention for IGT subjects had the superiority of lower monetary cost and a considerable improvement in preventing or delaying the T2DM onset. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01556880.

  18. Influence of different emulsifiers on characteristics of eggless cake containing soy milk: Modeling of physical and sensory properties by mixture experimental design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmati, Nazanin Fatemeh; Mazaheri Tehrani, Mostafa

    2014-09-01

    Emulsifiers of different structures and functionalities are important ingredients usually used in baking cakes with satisfactory properties. In this study, three emulsifiers including distilled glycerol mono stearate (DGMS), lecithin and sorbitan mono stearate (SMS) were used to bake seven eggless cakes containing soy milk and optimization was performed by using mixture experimental design to produce an eggless cake sample with optimized properties. Physical properties of cake batters (viscosity, specific gravity and stability), cake quality parameters (moisture loss, density, specific volume, volume index, contour, symmetry, color and texture) and sensory attributes of eggless cakes were analyzed to investigate functional potential of the emulsifiers and results were compared with those of control cake containing egg. Almost in all cases emulsifiers, compared to the control cake, changed properties of eggless cakes significantly. Regarding models of different response variables (except for some properties) and their high R(2) (99.51-100), it could be concluded that models obtained by mixture design were significantly fitted for the studied responses.

  19. Hydrodynamic Modeling of Nokoué Lake in Benin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josué Zandagba

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nokoué Lake is a complex ecosystem, the understanding of which requires control of physical processes that have occurred. For this, the Surface Water Modeling System (SMS hydrodynamic model was calibrated and validated on the water depth data. The results of these simulations show a good match between the simulated and observed data for bottom roughness and turbulent exchange coefficients, of 0.02 m−1/3·s and 20 m2/s respectively. Once the ability of the model to simulate the hydrodynamics of the lake is testified, the model is used to simulate water surface elevation, exchanged flows and velocities. The simulation shows that the tidal amplitude is maximum at the inlet of the channel and decreases gradually from the inlet towards the lagoon’s main body. The propagation of the tidal wave is characterized by the dephasing and the flattening of the amplitude tide, which increases as we move away from the channel. This dephasing is characterized by a high and low tides delay of about 1 or 4 h and also depends on the tide amplitude and location. The velocities inside the lake are very low and do not exceed 0.03 m/s. The highest are obtained at the entrance of the channel. In a flood period, in contrast with the low-water period, incoming flows are higher than outflows, reinforced by the amplitude of the tide. An average renewal time of the lake has been estimated and corresponds during a flood period to 30 days for an average amplitude tide and 26.3 days on a high amplitude tide. In a low water period it is 40.2 days for an average amplitude tide and 30 days for a high amplitude tide. From the results obtained, several measures must be taken into account for the rational management of the lake water resources. These include a dam construction at the lake upstream, to control the river flows, and the dredging of the channel to facilitate exchanges with the sea.

  20. Applying the stof business model framework in eHealth innovations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Menko, R.A.; Visser, S.; Hettinga, Marike; Haaker, Timber

    2013-01-01

    A high level of medication adherence is important for people with refractory epilepsy. For most people, however, it is difficult to have their medication intakes as prescribed every day. In this study we investigated if Real Time Medication Monitoring (RTMM) with customized SMS-reminding had an effe

  1. A Survey of Approaches to the Modeling of Land Combat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-01

    Mexico 88002 21. Headquarters, Department of the Army Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans ATTN: DAMO-2D Washington, D. C...20310 73 22. Commander U. S. Army Concepts Analysis Agency 8120 Woodmont Avenue ATTN: MOCA -SMS (CPT Steve Shupack) Bethesda, Maryland 20014 23. Commander...U. S. Army Concepts Analysis Agency ATTN: MOCA -WG (LTC Earl Darden) 8120 Woodmont Avenue Bethesda, Maryland 20014 24. Director U. S. Army Night

  2. Leadership Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Thomas J.

    This paper discusses six different models of organizational structure and leadership, including the scalar chain or pyramid model, the continuum model, the grid model, the linking pin model, the contingency model, and the circle or democratic model. Each model is examined in a separate section that describes the model and its development, lists…

  3. 面向阅读推广的移动图书馆服务模式与发展思路%Service Models and Development Ideas of Mobile Library Orienting to Reading Promotion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾小英

    2015-01-01

    探讨移动图书馆服务的意义,分析移动图书馆的主要服务模式,包括基于WAP的移动服务、智能手机应用程序的开发、QR二维码的应用、短信服务平台的新拓展、基于物联网的智能图书馆系统、数据库的移动阅读和获取。认为移动图书馆服务既面临发展机遇,也存在挑战,必须秉持开放与协作的理念,采取适当的移动图书馆服务模式,才能不断改进服务,致力于阅读推广。%The paper explores the significances of mobile library service, analyzes its main service model, including WAP-based mobile service, smart-phone Apps development, QR code application, new expanding of SMS service platform, IOT-based smart library system, mobile reading and acquiring of database. The paper thinks that mobile library services are faced with both development oppor-tunity and challenges, must hold the concept of open and cooperation, take proper mobile library service model, so as to constantly im-prove the service, commit to reading promotion.

  4. Constaints on the nature of the SW-Iberia crust from wide-angle P- and S-velocity models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palomeras, I.; Marti, D.; Carbonell, R.; Ayarza, P.; Simancas, F.; Martinez-Poyatos, D.; Azor, A.; Lodeiro, F.; Perez-Estaun, A.

    2009-12-01

    The SW-Iberian Peninsula was studied with the two wide-angle seismic reflection transects acquired in 2003. Both transects cross the three tectonic provinces in the area that are part of the Variscan Belt: South Portuguesse Zone (SPZ), Ossa-Morena Zone (OMZ) and Central Iberia Zone (CIZ). The data were acquired by 650 vertical component seismographs (TEXANS seismic recorders) from the IRIS-PASSCAL Instrument Center, using explosive sources with charge sizes ranging from 500 to 1000 kg. Both Transects, A and B, are, approximately, 300 km long with station spacing of 400 m and 150 m respectively. The relatively small station spacing favored the lateral correlation of the seismic events and provided resolution enough for the identification of shear-waves arrivals. The most prominent S-wave phase recorded by the vertical component sensors corresponds to the SmS which is nearly horizontal for a velocity reduction of 4600 m/s. This phase can be followed up to normal incidence at 18 s ttwt. Two S-wave velocity models have been derived by iterative forward modeling to provide constraints on the nature of the deep crust beneath the Variscan of SW-Iberia. P and S velocity models show a high velocity area at mid crustal levels, that has been interpreted as a mafic intrusion. Vp/Vs relationship has been also calculated to constraint the crustal composition. The resulting images present a mid- to lower-crust with a Vp/Vs > 1.73 that implies a crust with a high content in mafic components.

  5. Inelastic e+Mg collision data and its impact on modelling stellar and supernova spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barklem, P. S.; Osorio, Y.; Fursa, D. V.; Bray, I.; Zatsarinny, O.; Bartschat, K.; Jerkstrand, A.

    2017-09-01

    Results of calculations for inelastic e+Mg effective collision strengths for the lowest 25 physical states of Mg i (up to 3s6p1P), and thus 300 transitions, from the convergent close-coupling (CCC) and the B-spline R-matrix (BSR) methods are presented. At temperatures of interest, 5000 K, the results of the two calculations differ on average by only 4%, with a scatter of 27%. As the methods are independent, this suggests that the calculations provide datasets for e+Mg collisions accurate to this level. Comparison with the commonly used dataset compiled by Mauas et al. (1988, ApJ, 330, 1008), covering 25 transitions among 12 states, suggests the Mauas et al. data are on average 57% too low, and with a very large scatter of a factor of 6.5. In particular the collision strength for the transition corresponding to the Mg i intercombination line at 457 nm is significantly underestimated by Mauas et al., which has consequences for models that employ this dataset. In giant stars the new data leads to a stronger line compared to previous non-LTE calculations, and thus a reduction in the non-LTE abundance correction by 0.1 dex ( 25%). A non-LTE calculation in a supernova ejecta model shows this line becomes significantly stronger, by a factor of around two, alleviating the discrepancy where the 457 nm line in typical models with Mg/O ratios close to solar tended to be too weak compared to observations. Full Tables 2 and 3 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (http://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/606/A11

  6. SMS-ide hinnad võivad langeda / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkon jazõke 10. okt. lk. 2. Euroopa Komisjoni määrus langetas välismaal tehtavate mobiilikõnede hindu enam kui poole võrra, sama võib juhtuda ka lühisõnumite ja mobiilse andmeside hindadega. Euroopa Komisjoni infoühiskonna- ja telekomivoliniku Viviane Redingi selgitusi. Eesti telefoniettevõtete hindadest. Lisa: Mobiilikõned välismaal

  7. Ühispank ei lase SMS-laenu oma pangalingi abil võtta / Henrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Henrik

    2007-01-01

    OÜ Credit Invest ja Placet Group kaebasid konkurentsiametile Ühispanga peale, sest pank keeldus sõlmimast kiirlaenufirmadega pangalingi kasutamise lepingut. Konkurentsiamet seaduserikkumist ei tuvastanud. Ühispanga vastusest konkurentsiametile

  8. Spontaneous Electroless Galvanic Cell Deposition of 3D Hierarchical and Interlaced S-M-S Heterostructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Chuan Fu; Azmansah, Siti Aishah Bte; Zhu, Hai; Xu, Qing-Hua; Ho, Ghim Wei

    2017-01-01

    One-pot electroless galvanic cell deposition of a 3D hierarchical semiconductor-metal-semiconductor interlaced nanoarray is demonstrated. The fabricated 3D photoanode deviates from the typical planar geometry, and aims to optimize the effective surface area for light harvesting and long-range charge transfer-collection pathways.

  9. From SMS to SNS: The Use of the Internet on the Mobile Phone among Young Danes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertel, Troels Fibæk; Stald, Gitte Bang

    2011-01-01

    and by other studies, specifically from the Mobile Media, Mobile Youth study from spring 2011. The main point is that the spread and frequency of the use of the internet on mobile phones has increased rapidly and over short time primarily along with the adaptation of smart phones and the consequently easy...... or subscription limitations, that it is too cumbersome to be practical or too expensive to be worth it. Notably the majority of young Danes do have a laptop and extensive wifi access so the purchase and use of smart phones and internet on the mobile is not likely to be THE potential internet access. Altogether we......The focus of this paper is on the adaptation and use of the internet on the mobile among young Danes. The analysis builds on quantitative and qualitative data from a pilot study conducted among students at the IT University during the spring of 2011. These findings are supported theoretically...

  10. Secure SMS Mobile Transaction with Peer to Peer Authentication Design for Mobile Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Khalaf Rahim Al-juaifari

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Currently, many researches in Mobile government secure transmission of plaintext with universal availability in all GSM networks had been proposed. The most important characteristic of this research is a new system that contains all the capabilities and plugging security holes in the algorithms and methods used in previous systems design. The main reason of the intensification of efforts for the purpose of security in a mobile government is the real threat that accompanies the movement of transaction from the sender to the recipient. Moreover, mobile government used in improving convenience is one the clearest manifestations of the development of society and solving various problems using other method related to availability, speed, financial, in addition to the administrative issues related to the fight against corruption side a side with Egovernment. In this paper, illustrating how a mobile phone can provide citizens and Non-government organizations with mobile government services relevant to the design and implementation of security mechanisms coinciding with the birth of the third generation technology in Iraq so as to ensure the highest level of security transaction provided by UMTS security is also built upon GSM network.

  11. SMS Hubbing的SS7漫游体系架构解决方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯筱佳

    2012-01-01

    本文将详细研究在SS7域中,SMSHubbing的漫游体系架构设计和解决方案。并对Hubbing方式和Bilateral/Multilateral方式从网络拓扑上进行了探讨。尤其是级联hub组网的情况下,需要对转发消息进行路由处理以实现透明性和开放性。接着对GSMA的国际漫游专家组IREG推荐的漫游场景进行详细分析,然后给出了SS7域中短信网关所要做的消息处理。

  12. Investigating the Value of DJ Performance for Contemporary Music Education and Sensorimotor Synchronisation (SMS Abilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas MacCutcheon

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Two studies were conducted to establish a more complete picture of the skills that might be accessed through learning to DJ and the potential value of those skills for music education. The first employed open-ended methods to explore perspectives on the value of DJing for music education. The second employed experimental methods to compare the ability of DJs to synchronise movement to auditory metronomes. Twenty-one participants (seven professionally trained musicians, seven informally trained DJs, seven non-musicians took part in both studies. Qualitative data suggested that all participant groups felt DJs learn valuable musical skills such as rhythm perception, instrumental skills, knowledge of musical structure, performance skills, and a majority agreed that DJing had equal relevance with other musical forms e.g. classical music. Quantitative data showed that informally trained DJs produced more regular timing intervals under baseline and distracting conditions than the other experimental groups. The implications of the findings for the inclusion of DJing into formal music curricula are discussed.

  13. Perancangan Pemantau Kapasitas Tong Air Menggunakan Sensor Ultrasonic dengan Sms Gatewayberbasis Atmega 8535

    OpenAIRE

    Syuhada, Fajar

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of making this thesis is to apply the CodeVision AVR ATMEGA 8535 to process the data controller in the capacity of the tank using ultrasonic sensors. capacity values are processed in the microcontroller is a change in the water level in the sensor detection using ultrasonic sensors CodeVision AVR is a software to create a program based on the C language which is then inserted into the microcontroller. Programs that are compiled on CodeVision AVR, that is executed...

  14. Ühispank ei lase SMS-laenu oma pangalingi abil võtta / Henrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Henrik

    2007-01-01

    OÜ Credit Invest ja Placet Group kaebasid konkurentsiametile Ühispanga peale, sest pank keeldus sõlmimast kiirlaenufirmadega pangalingi kasutamise lepingut. Konkurentsiamet seaduserikkumist ei tuvastanud. Ühispanga vastusest konkurentsiametile

  15. eSMS - a Semantics-assisted Emergency Information System Based on Social Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Li

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Natural and man-made disasters pose an ever-present threat to our society. Providing real time information is vital in emergency management. Current disaster information systems only use and manage relatively limited information, such as, within an organization or with a few organizations which have an agreement on information content and format. As a result, a large amount of potentially precious information and natural volunteer workers are ignored. On the other hand, social media have been used by people to propagate emergent situations. Therefore, in this project, we aim to maximally utilize all of the available emergency-related information from various sources of social media to better manage natural and man-made disasters. In particular, we propose a semantics-extended social search engine that can fetch highly relevant information from social media for emergency management purpose.

  16. mHealth SMS text messaging interventions and to promote medication adherence: an integrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeKoekkoek, Tracy; Given, Barbara; Given, Charles W; Ridenour, Kimberly; Schueller, Monica; Spoelstra, Sandra L

    2015-10-01

    This article is an integrative review of the evidence for mobile health Short Message Service text messages as an innovative and emerging intervention to promote medication adherence. Authors completed this review to draw conclusions and implications towards establishing a scientific foundation for use of text messages to promote medication adherence, thus informing clinical practice. The World Health Organization has identified medication adherence as a priority global problem. Text messages are emerging as an effective means of improving health behaviours and in some diseases to promote medication adherence. However, a gap in the literature indicates lack of evidence in guiding theories and content of text messages, which should be synthesised prior to use in clinical practice. Integrative review. Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Excerpta Medica dataBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Library and PubMed were searched for relevant studies between 2004-2014. Inclusion criteria were (1) implementation of a text-message intervention and (2) medication adherence to a prescribed oral medication as a primary outcome. Articles were assessed for quality of methodology and measures of adherence. An integrative review process was used to perform analysis. Thirteen articles meeting the inclusion criteria are included in this review. Nine of 13 studies found adherence rates improved between 15·3-17·8% when using text messages to promote medication adherence. Text messages that were standardised, tailored, one- or two-way and timed either daily to medication regimen, weekly or monthly showed improvement in medication adherence. This review established a scientific basis for text messages as an intervention to improve medication adherence across multiple diseases. Future large rigorous randomised trials are needed to further test text messaging interventions. This review provides clinicians with the state of the science with regard to text messaging interventions that promote medication adherence. A description of intervention components are provided to aid nurses in development of text messages and in translating evidence into practice. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Fra munk til mediebruger: chat og sms i et læringsperspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Herdis

    2004-01-01

    Om de undervisnings- og læringspotentialer, som mobiltelefoner og computere tilbyder i og udenfor skolen, f.eks. som afsæt for leg, sproglige eksperimenter og afsøgning af subjektpositioner. Forbrug og sprogproduktion, skrive- og læsefærdigheder er i denne kultur to sider af samme sag. Der argume...

  18. [Long-term treatment of acromegaly and gigantism with octreotide (SMS 201-995)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimatsu, A; Imura, H; Irie, M; Nakagawa, S; Goto, Y; Shimizu, N; Takeda, R; Kato, Y; Saito, S; Ibayashi, H

    1992-02-20

    Twenty-one patients with active acromegaly and two patients with pituitary gigantism were treated with the long-acting somatostatin analogue octreotide (100-600 micrograms/day, sc, two or three times daily or 300-1500 micrograms daily by intermittent sc infusion) for 9-63 months. There was rapid clinical improvement. The fasting plasma GH levels were significantly suppressed (less than 50% of the values before treatment) in 17 patients and were normalized (less than 5 ng/ml) in 6 patients (27.3%). Plasma IGF-I levels were lowered by 50% and were normalized in 7 out of 18 cases. The effect of octreotide on pituitary tumor size was evaluated in 13 patients. In 4 cases, the shrinkage of the pituitary tumor was detected by computed tomographic scans and/or magnetic resonance imaging studies. The drug was generally well tolerated. However, there were probably newly formed gallstones in two patients during the therapy. Our study suggests that octreotide is an effective and relatively safe new approach for treating active acromegaly and gigantism.

  19. 23 CFR 971.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... that includes: (i) Accident records with detail for analysis such as accident type using standard... classification (as appropriate); and (iv) Accident rates by customary criteria such as location, roadway... hazards and potential hazards. (3) Identification of focal points for all contacts at State, regional...

  20. SMS-based time use research among Dutch GPs: an experiment.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Batenburg, R.; Hassel, D. van; Velden, L. van der

    2013-01-01

    Context: It has become a critical challenge in many countries to ensure sufficient capacity of primary care providers, specifically the capacity of General Practitioners (GPs). In a number of countries, health workforce planning is specifically developed for GPs, increasing the need for reliable and

  1. CERN hosts the first day of the SMS Lake Geneva Conference on Strategic Management

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2013-01-01

    CERN1 hosts the first day of a 3-day conference promoted by the Strategic Management Society, a non-profit organization operating exclusively for charitable, scientific, and educational purposes to promote and encourage research and practice in the field of strategic management.

  2. Short Message Service (SMS) as an Educational Tool during Pregnancy: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamont, Kim; Sliwa, Karen; Stewart, Simon; Carrington, Melinda; Pretorius, Sandra; Libhaber, Elena; Wiysonge, Charles S.; Adebayo, Esther F.; Klipstein-Grobusch, Kerstin

    2016-01-01

    Background: In many low- and middle-income countries, access to health information during pregnancy is poor. The rapid adoption of mobile phones in these countries has created new opportunities for disseminating such information. Objective: This paper reviews existing information on the use of short message services (SMSs) as a feasible tool to…

  3. Short message service (SMS) as an educational tool during pregnancy : A literature review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lamont, Kim; Sliwa, Karen; Stewart, Simon; Carrington, Melinda; Pretorius, Sandra; Libhaber, Elena; Wiysonge, Charles S.; Adebayo, Esther F.; Klipstein-Grobusch, Kerstin

    2016-01-01

    Background: In many low- and middle-income countries, access to health information during pregnancy is poor. The rapid adoption of mobile phones in these countries has created new opportunities for disseminating such information. Objective: This paper reviews existing information on the use of short

  4. GPRS and SMS Technique in Embedded Internet%基于ARM的Embedded Internet的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀红; 黄天戍; 肖春华; 孙忠富

    2007-01-01

    为解决远程嵌入式设备以无线方式接入Internet的问题,需要实现Embedded Internet(EI).EI的实现有多种方式,其中在基于ARM硬件平台的微控制器中引入能够处理多个内部task和多个外部输入源数据传递的嵌入式操作系统-μC/OS-II是一个较好的选择.文中介绍了实现EI的关键技术,包括基于ARM的EI的硬件设计技巧、嵌入式操作系统μc/OS-II移植、ttc/,OS-II中实现GPRS和SMS技术的编程技巧和其他应该注意的问题.文中还给出了解决软件调试过程中发生的典型问题的方案.

  5. From SMS to SNS: The Use of the Internet on the Mobile Phone among Young Danes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertel, Troels Fibæk; Stald, Gitte Bang

    2011-01-01

    and by other studies, specifically from the Mobile Media, Mobile Youth study from spring 2011. The main point is that the spread and frequency of the use of the internet on mobile phones has increased rapidly and over short time primarily along with the adaptation of smart phones and the consequently easy...... or subscription limitations, that it is too cumbersome to be practical or too expensive to be worth it. Notably the majority of young Danes do have a laptop and extensive wifi access so the purchase and use of smart phones and internet on the mobile is not likely to be THE potential internet access. Altogether we......, cheap and customizable use of the mobile internet. We find that the internet is mainly used on the mobile phone because it is possible, easy and convenient. The main arguments for not using the internet on the mobile – never minding accessibility or not – are that it is not possible due to handset...

  6. Sphingomyelin synthase SMS2 displays dual activity as ceramide phosphoethalomine synthase.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ternes, P.G.; Brouwers, J.F.H.M.; van den Dikkenberg, J.; Holthuis, J.C.M.

    2009-01-01

    Sphingolipids are vital components of eukaryotic membranes involved in the regulation of cell growth, death, intracellular trafficking, and the barrier function of the plasma membrane. While sphingomyelin (SM) is the major sphingolipid in mammals, previous studies indicate that mammalian cells also

  7. På fornavn og sms med verdens mest berømte detektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Palle Schantz

    2014-01-01

    Et essay om brugen af nye medier i og omkring BBC's "Sherlock" i anledning af premieren på 3. sæson......Et essay om brugen af nye medier i og omkring BBC's "Sherlock" i anledning af premieren på 3. sæson...

  8. Thunderstorm-associated cloud motions as computed from 5-minute SMS pictures. [Synchronous Meteorological Satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tecson, J. J.; Umenhofer, T. A.; Fujita, T. T.

    1977-01-01

    The five-minute rapid-scan imagery from the Synchronous Meteorological Satellite is employed to study cloud motions associated with the Omaha tornado of May 6, 1975. Cloud-motion vectors derived from automated and man-machine interactive systems provide an account of the mesoscale phenomena. In addition to the geostationary satellite data, aerial photography obtained during a cloud-truth mission is used in the severe storm investigation. For tracking overland cumuli with short half-lives, a three-minute scan interval appears necessary for the satellite imagery.

  9. RANCANG BANGUN APLIKASI SMS DENGAN MENERAPKAN METODE ENKRIPSI KUNCI PUBLIK KURVA ELLIPTIK BERBASIS MOBILE ANDROID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.Gst. Agung Bagus Mega Putra

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Pada jaman sekarang dengan adanya teknologi short message service seseorang dapat dengan mudah melakukan pertukaran pesan, namun pertukaran pesan yang bersifat rahasia sangat berbahaya jika dilakukan dengan short message service karena short message service tersebut dapat diketahui oleh orang yang berhasil melakukan penyadapan. Salah satu teknik yang dapat dipakai untuk menangani hal tersebut adalah kriptografi kurva elliptik. Disini dilakukan studi mengenai perancangan aplikasi short message service dengan menerapkan metode enkripsi kunci publik kurva elliptik berbasis mobile android yang diimplementasikan kedalam bahasa pemrograman java menggunakan Android Studio. Hasil analisa yang diperoleh bahwa aplikasi sistem keamanan short message service dengan metode kurva elliptik ini dapat diterapkan untuk menjamin kerahasiaan data dan otentikasi pengirim. Dalam pengujian untuk sebuah short message service aplikasi ini masih memiliki keterbatasan hanya mampu mengolah maksimal 57 karakter.

  10. På fornavn og sms med verdens mest berømte detektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Palle Schantz

    2014-01-01

    Et essay om brugen af nye medier i og omkring BBC's "Sherlock" i anledning af premieren på 3. sæson......Et essay om brugen af nye medier i og omkring BBC's "Sherlock" i anledning af premieren på 3. sæson...

  11. Model Transformations? Transformation Models!

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bézivin, J.; Büttner, F.; Gogolla, M.; Jouault, F.; Kurtev, I.; Lindow, A.

    2006-01-01

    Much of the current work on model transformations seems essentially operational and executable in nature. Executable descriptions are necessary from the point of view of implementation. But from a conceptual point of view, transformations can also be viewed as descriptive models by stating only the

  12. Modelling business models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simonse, W.L.

    2014-01-01

    Business model design does not always produce a “design” or “model” as the expected result. However, when designers are involved, a visual model or artifact is produced. To assist strategic managers in thinking about how they can act, the designers’ challenge is to combine both strategy and design n

  13. Domain Independent Vocabulary Generation and Its Use in Category-based Small Footprint Language Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KIM, K.-H.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The work in this paper pertains to domain independent vocabulary generation and its use in category-based small footprint Language Model (LM. Two major constraints of the conventional LMs in the embedded environment are memory capacity limitation and data sparsity for the domain-specific application. This data sparsity adversely affects vocabulary coverage and LM performance. To overcome these constraints, we define a set of domain independent categories using a Part-Of-Speech (POS tagged corpus. Also, we generate a domain independent vocabulary based on this set using the corpus and knowledge base. Then, we propose a mathematical framework for a category-based LM using this set. In this LM, one word can be assigned assign multiple categories. In order to reduce its memory requirements, we propose a tree-based data structure. In addition, we determine the history length of a category n-gram, and the independent assumption applying to a category history generation. The proposed vocabulary generation method illustrates at least 13.68% relative improvement in coverage for a SMS text corpus, where data are sparse due to the difficulties in data collection. The proposed category-based LM requires only 215KB which is 55% and 13% compared to the conventional category-based LM and the word-based LM, respectively. It successively improves the performance, achieving 54.9% and 60.6% perplexity reduction compared to the conventional category-based LM and the word-based LM in terms of normalized perplexity.

  14. Imitation modeling of ice dams (case study of Tom’ River, Western Siberia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Zemtsov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The factors of ice jam formations in the lower flow of the Tom River (Siberia are investigated. A length of the main channel under investigation is about 120 km. Approaches to solution of the problem of the jam formation control and, as a consequence, the jam induced floods are considered on the basis of the imitative computer modeling of stream dynamics and ice jams. The simulation makes it possible to analyze different scenarios of initial forcing and to predict reactions of the river bed system to the effects. On the basis of 1D models developed in the HEC-RAS 4.0 modeling system for the Tom River at the city of Tomsk we investigated a possibility of the ice jam localization, probability of which at different parts of river flow varies in time according to change of the river water discharge, stream hydraulics, and ice cover thickness. The 2D hydrodynamic model of the Tom River channel system in the SMS 9.2 modeling system has been developed. It allows simulating effects of ice jams located in different sections of the river flow on the run-off redistribution between the main channel and other river branches. It makes possible to estimate hazards and risks of ice jam floods and probable effects of ice jams on formation of the river channel system. As a result it becomes possible to regulate the safe spring ice transit through populated areas.Analysis of factors of the ice jam formations has demonstrated that due to increasing anthropogenic influence changes of hydro-meteorological and geomorphologic conditions lead to more frequent occurrence of jam floods for the last 25 years as compared to previous 40-year period. The imitative computer models are proposed to be used for planning anti-jam measures since they make possible to create a whole system of the channel structure, a relief of channel and floodplain, a flow velocity field including dangerous hydrologic processes. Similar system would allow predicting both consequences of local

  15. S-waves velocity model for the SW-Iberia derived from the IBERSEIS wide-angle seismic reflection transects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palomeras, I.; Marti, D.; Carbonell, R.; Ayarza, P.; Simancas, F.; Martinez-Poyatos, D.; Azor, A.; Gonzalez-Lodeiro, F.; Perez-Estaun, A.

    2009-04-01

    The IBERSEIS wide-angle seismic reflection transects acquired in 2003 in SW-Iberia Peninsula provided constraints on the P-wave seismic velocity structure across the three tectonic provinces in the area: the South Portuguesse Zone (SPZ), the Ossa-Morena Zone (OMZ) and the Central Iberia Zone (CIZ). These data were acquired by 650 vertical component seismographs (TEXAN seismic recorders) from the IRIS-PASSCAL Instrument center, using explosive sources with charge sizes ranging from 500 to 1000 kg. Both transects A and B are, approximately, 300 km long with a station spacing of 400 m and of 150 m respectively. The relatively small station spacing favored the lateral correlation of the seismic events and provided enough resolution for the identification of shear-wave arrivals. The most prominent S-wave phase recorded by the vertical component sensors corresponds to the SmS which is nearly horizontal for a velocity reduction of 4600 m/s. This phase can even be followed up to near vertical incidence at 18 s(twtt). A few S-wave crustal arrivals can be also identified, although at small offsets they interfere with the previous P-wave arrivals. The Sn phase can be observed at very far offsets providing additional constraints on the nature of the shallow subcrustal mantle. Furthermore, slant stacks of the shot gathers (tau-p sections) reveal the existing of PS energy. PS phases are more difficult to identify in the shot gathers. Finally, a preliminary S-wave velocity model has been derived by iterative forward modeling to provide additional constraints on the nature of the deep crust and upper mantle beneath the Variscan of SW-Iberia.

  16. Modelling SDL, Modelling Languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Piefel

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Today's software systems are too complex to implement them and model them using only one language. As a result, modern software engineering uses different languages for different levels of abstraction and different system aspects. Thus to handle an increasing number of related or integrated languages is the most challenging task in the development of tools. We use object oriented metamodelling to describe languages. Object orientation allows us to derive abstract reusable concept definitions (concept classes from existing languages. This language definition technique concentrates on semantic abstractions rather than syntactical peculiarities. We present a set of common concept classes that describe structure, behaviour, and data aspects of high-level modelling languages. Our models contain syntax modelling using the OMG MOF as well as static semantic constraints written in OMG OCL. We derive metamodels for subsets of SDL and UML from these common concepts, and we show for parts of these languages that they can be modelled and related to each other through the same abstract concepts.

  17. Formulation of the Small-and-Medium-Sized Port Enterprise Cloud Computing Model%中小港口企业云计算模型的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王继培; 刘世峰

    2011-01-01

    首先简要介绍了云计算的概念并分析其特点,然后在详细分析了中小港口企业作业管理方式的基础上,对中小港口企业的信息化建设方式进行了分析,指出了传统信息化建设方式在中小港口企业应用方面的不足.并结合广州黄埔港公司、新港公司、石化公司和东莞海昌公司信息化建设实例,应用云计算解决方案,提出了港口企业新的信息化建设方案,构建了基于云计算的港口管理信息系统模型.%The paper first introduces briefly the concept and characteristics of cloud computing, and then goes into detail on the operation management practices of small-and-medium-sized (SMS) port enterprises, pointing out the inadequacies of the traditional IT construction paradigm in this respect. After presenting several cases of IT construction involving Guangzhou Huangpu Port Company, New Port Company, Shihua Company, and Dongguan Haichang Company, the paper puts forth the cloud computing based solution and formulates the cloud computing based port management information system model.

  18. Actant Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Helle

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents a functional modelling method called Actant Modelling rooted in linguistics and semiotics. Actant modelling can be integrated with Multilevel Flow Modelling (MFM) in order to give an interpretation of actants.......This paper presents a functional modelling method called Actant Modelling rooted in linguistics and semiotics. Actant modelling can be integrated with Multilevel Flow Modelling (MFM) in order to give an interpretation of actants....

  19. Modelling the models

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2012-01-01

    By analysing the production of mesons in the forward region of LHC proton-proton collisions, the LHCf collaboration has provided key information needed to calibrate extremely high-energy cosmic ray models.   Average transverse momentum (pT) as a function of rapidity loss ∆y. Black dots represent LHCf data and the red diamonds represent SPS experiment UA7 results. The predictions of hadronic interaction models are shown by open boxes (sibyll 2.1), open circles (qgsjet II-03) and open triangles (epos 1.99). Among these models, epos 1.99 shows the best overall agreement with the LHCf data. LHCf is dedicated to the measurement of neutral particles emitted at extremely small angles in the very forward region of LHC collisions. Two imaging calorimeters – Arm1 and Arm2 – take data 140 m either side of the ATLAS interaction point. “The physics goal of this type of analysis is to provide data for calibrating the hadron interaction models – the well-known &...

  20. Modelling surface hydrology with DR2-SAGA 1.0: development of a user-friendly interface for hillslope water balance assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Montero, Teresa; López-Vicente, Manuel; Navas, Ana

    2013-04-01

    Soil moisture variability and the depth of water stored in the arable layer of the soil are important topics in agricultural research and rangeland management. Additionally, runoff triggers soil detachment and sediment delivery, and thus is one of the most important factors in the soil erosion dynamic. Overland flow generation and accumulation are non-linear and scale-dependent processes and the development of prediction models helps researchers evaluate different scenarios at different temporal and spatial scales. In this study, we present the DR2-SAGA 1.0 module to the scientific community. The DR2 (Distributed Rainfall-Runoff) water balance model computes the depth of water stored within the soil profile (Waa) distinguishing five scenarios of the upslope contributing area, infiltration processes and climatic parameters, and assesses the soil moisture status (SMS) throughout the year for an average monthly rainfall event. The SAGA program is a free Geographical Information System (GIS) with support for vector and, specially, raster data. Its foundation is its Application Programming Interface (API), which provides data object models and basic definitions for the programming of scientific modules. Module libraries contain the scientific methods and are developed using C++ code. The new module was run in a medium size mountain Mediterranean catchment (246 ha; Spanish Central Pre-Pyrenees) at high spatial resolution (5 x 5 meters of cell size). The Estaña Lakes Catchment is affected by karstic processes which explain the presence of 15 endorheic sub-catchments and three fresh-water lakes. Additionally, this area is ungauged and offers the opportunity to test the performance of the new module in a non-conventional landscape. DR2-SAGA 1.0 demands 16 inputs and generates monthly and annual maps of initial and effective runoff depth, Waa and SMS. One user-friendly tab was created with SAGA 2.0.8 for each input and output file. The new module also includes a water

  1. Modelling Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    This chapter deals with the practicalities of building, testing, deploying and maintaining models. It gives specific advice for each phase of the modelling cycle. To do this, a modelling framework is introduced which covers: problem and model definition; model conceptualization; model data...... requirements; model construction; model solution; model verification; model validation and finally model deployment and maintenance. Within the adopted methodology, each step is discussedthrough the consideration of key issues and questions relevant to the modelling activity. Practical advice, based on many...... years of experience is providing in directing the reader in their activities.Traps and pitfalls are discussed and strategies also given to improve model development towards “fit-for-purpose” models. The emphasis in this chapter is the adoption and exercise of a modelling methodology that has proven very...

  2. Thermoelectric properties of nano-granular indium-tin-oxide within modified electron filtering model with chemisorption-type potential barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinzari, V.; Nika, D. L.; Damaskin, I.; Cho, B. K.; Korotcenkov, G.

    2016-07-01

    In this work, an approach to the numerical study of the thermoelectric parameters of nanoscale indium tin oxide (ITO, Sn content<10 at%) based on an electron filtering model (EFM) was developed. Potential barriers at grain boundaries were assumed to be responsible for a filtering effect. In the case of the dominant inelastic scattering of electrons, the maximal distance between potential barriers was limited in this modified model. The algorithm for such characteristic length calculation was proposed, and its value was evaluated for ITO. In addition, the contributions of different scattering mechanisms (SMs) in electron transport were examined. It was confirmed that in bulk ITO, the scattering on polar optical phonons (POPs) and ionized impurities dominates, limiting electron transport. In the framework of the filtering model, the basic thermoelectric parameters (i.e., electrical conductivity, mobility, Seebeck coefficient, and power factor (PF)) were calculated for ITO in the temperature range of 100-500 °C as a function of potential barrier height. The results demonstrated a sufficient rise of the Seebeck coefficient with an increase in barrier height and specific behavior of PF. It was found that PF is very sensitive to barrier height, and at its optimal value for granular ITO, it may exceed the PF for bulk ITO by 3-5 times. The PF maximum was achieved by band bending, slightly exceeding Fermi energy. The nature of surface potential barriers in nano-granular ITO with specific grains is due to the oxygen chemisorption effect, and this can be observed despite of the degeneracy of the conduction band (CB). This hypothesis and the corresponding calculations are in good agreement with recent experimental studies [Brinzari et al. Thin Solid Films 552 (2014) 225].

  3. 基于“方证相应”理论验证慢性间歇性缺氧模型气阴两虚证候属性的初步研究%Primary study on verifying the Deficiency of both Qi and Yin Syndrome attribute of chronic intermittent hypoxia mice model based on the theory of "Syndrome Differentiation through Formula Effect Assessment"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文萍; 柴程芝; 寇俊萍; 朱丹妮; 严永清; 余伯阳

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To confirm the Deficiency of both Qi and Yin Syndrome ( DQYS) attribute of the chronic intermittent hypoxia animal model; Methods; Sheng-mai-San ( SMS) , one of the typical formulae of benefiting qi and nourishing yin was chosen to observe it' s influence on the index simulating the clinical features of DQYS. Results: SMS can significantly improve the abnormal changes including body weight, food intake, locomotive activity and electrocardiogram, etc induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia, it can increase the body weight and food intake, make the locomotive activity and heart rate stable, prevent T wave elevating and prolong the bleeding time. Conclusion; The typical formula of benefiting qi and nourishing yin can improve the abnormal changes induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia, the study primarily confirmed the DQYS attribute of chronic intermittent hypoxia mice model from the point view " Syndrome Differentiation through Formula Effect Assessment".%目的:验证慢性间歇性缺氧模型的气阴两虚证候属性.方法:选择益气养阴的代表方生脉散干预模型,考察其对模拟气阴两虚证的各项指标的影响.结果:生脉散能够显著改善慢性间歇性缺氧诱导的小鼠体重,摄食量,自发活动,心电图等各项指标的异常改变,使小鼠体重及摄食量增加,自发活动和心率趋于稳定,T波随缺氧时间的延长无显著增高;断尾出血时间与模型组比较明显延长.结论:益气养阴的代表方生脉散能显著改善模拟气阴两虚证的慢性间歇性缺氧小鼠各项指标的异常改变,从“以方测证”的角度初步证实了模型的气阴两虚证候属性.

  4. Business standardization in Serbia and world: Comaparative study

    OpenAIRE

    Majstorović, Vidosav D.; Marković, Miro S.; Kuzmanović, Dragiša Ž.; Mačužić, Jelena Z.; Marinković, Valentina D.; Šibalija, Tatjana V.; Bekčić, Stana D.; Pejović, Gordana B.

    2015-01-01

    The development and implementation of standardized management system (SMS) has allowed that today we are talking about business standardization, as the new model of good business practices applied worldwide. ISO 9000 was the forerunner, and today is the basis of business standardization. This can be said for ISO 9001: 2015, which was edited on September 15, and he will bring new models for other SMS. This paper provides a detailed analysis of the certification process in the world, Europe, th...

  5. Promoting Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qin; Zhao, Yongxin; Wu, Xiaofeng; Liu, Si

    There can be multitudinous models specifying aspects of the same system. Each model has a bias towards one aspect. These models often override in specific aspects though they have different expressions. A specification written in one model can be refined by introducing additional information from other models. The paper proposes a concept of promoting models which is a methodology to obtain refinements with support from cooperating models. It refines a primary model by integrating the information from a secondary model. The promotion principle is not merely an academic point, but also a reliable and robust engineering technique which can be used to develop software and hardware systems. It can also check the consistency between two specifications from different models. A case of modeling a simple online shopping system with the cooperation of the guarded design model and CSP model illustrates the practicability of the promotion principle.

  6. Economic evaluation of mobile phone text message interventions to improve adherence to HIV therapy in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Anik R.; Kessler, Jason; Braithwaite, R. Scott; Nucifora, Kimberly A.; Thirumurthy, Harsha; Zhou, Qinlian; Lester, Richard T.; Marra, Carlo A.

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: A surge in mobile phone availability has fueled low cost short messaging service (SMS) adherence interventions. Multiple systematic reviews have concluded that some SMS-based interventions are effective at improving antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and they are hypothesized to improve retention in care. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of SMS-based adherence interventions and explore the added value of retention benefits. Methods: We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of weekly SMS interventions compared to standard care among HIV+ individuals initiating ART for the first time in Kenya. We used an individual level micro-simulation model populated with data from two SMS-intervention trials, an East-African HIV+ cohort and published literature. We estimated average quality adjusted life years (QALY) and lifetime HIV-related costs from a healthcare perspective. We explored a wide range of scenarios and assumptions in one-way and multivariate sensitivity analyses. Results: We found that SMS-based adherence interventions were cost-effective by WHO standards, with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of $1,037/QALY. In the secondary analysis, potential retention benefits improved the cost-effectiveness of SMS intervention (ICER = $864/QALY). In multivariate sensitivity analyses, the interventions remained cost-effective in most analyses, but the ICER was highly sensitive to intervention costs, effectiveness and average cohort CD4 count at ART initiation. SMS interventions remained cost-effective in a test and treat scenario where individuals were assumed to initiate ART upon HIV detection. Conclusions: Effective SMS interventions would likely increase the efficiency of ART programs by improving HIV treatment outcomes at relatively low costs, and they could facilitate achievement of the UNAIDS goal of 90% viral suppression among those on ART by 2020. PMID:28207516

  7. 应用因子分析和K-MEANS聚类的客户分群建模%Customer Segmentation Modeling on Factor Analysis and K-MEANS Clustering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭凯; 秦永彬; 许道云

    2011-01-01

    为挖掘存量用户的潜在数据业务使用需求,研究客户细分成为各电信运营商进行差异化营销所必须解决的问题.利用聚类算法提出了一种解决电信短信业务客户分群的应用模型.首先基于因子分析为复杂参数变量下的数据挖掘有效地减少了冗余字段,提高了模型构建的质量和效率,然后通过无监督的K-MEANS分群算法完成分群.经验证,该短信分群模型具备明显的特征差异性.2009年某西部通信企业应用该模型在数据业务差异化营销中取得了明显的效益.%To develop customers' potential demands for data services, the research for customer segmentation has become a primitive work of telecommunications operators in order to run a differentiated users' marketing. Through the use of clustering algorithm, this paper presented a segmentation modeling for differentiating customers using short messaging services in telecommunications operators. Firstly, based on factor analysis, redundant properties were simplified in the complex data mining under variable parameters in order to improve the quality and efficiency of the modeling, and then the customer segmentation model was constructed through unsupervised clustering K-MEANS algorithm. It was verified that the SMS users have the obvious differentiation of characteristics by using the cluster model. In 2009, a western communications enterprise achieved significant benefits with application of the model in the differentiated data service marketing.

  8. Cadastral Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    Modeling is a term that refers to a variety of efforts, including data and process modeling. The domain to be modeled may be a department, an organization, or even an industrial sector. E-business presupposes the modeling of an industrial sector, a substantial task. Cadastral modeling compares to...

  9. Model Warehouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This paper puts forward a new conception:model warehouse,analyzes the reason why model warehouse appears and introduces the characteristics and architecture of model warehouse.Last,this paper points out that model warehouse is an important part of WebGIS.

  10. Constitutive Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    procedure is introduced for the analysis and solution of property models. Models that capture and represent the temperature dependent behaviour of physical properties are introduced, as well as equation of state models (EOS) such as the SRK EOS. Modelling of liquid phase activity coefficients are also......This chapter presents various types of constitutive models and their applications. There are 3 aspects dealt with in this chapter, namely: creation and solution of property models, the application of parameter estimation and finally application examples of constitutive models. A systematic...... covered, illustrating several models such as the Wilson equation and NRTL equation, along with their solution strategies. A section shows how to use experimental data to regress the property model parameters using a least squares approach. A full model analysis is applied in each example that discusses...

  11. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    Batty, M.

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  12. Model theory

    CERN Document Server

    Chang, CC

    2012-01-01

    Model theory deals with a branch of mathematical logic showing connections between a formal language and its interpretations or models. This is the first and most successful textbook in logical model theory. Extensively updated and corrected in 1990 to accommodate developments in model theoretic methods - including classification theory and nonstandard analysis - the third edition added entirely new sections, exercises, and references. Each chapter introduces an individual method and discusses specific applications. Basic methods of constructing models include constants, elementary chains, Sko

  13. Event Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Lars

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to discuss conceptual event modeling within a context of information modeling. Traditionally, information modeling has been concerned with the modeling of a universe of discourse in terms of information structures. However, most interesting universes of discourse...... are dynamic and we present a modeling approach that can be used to model such dynamics. We characterize events as both information objects and change agents (Bækgaard 1997). When viewed as information objects events are phenomena that can be observed and described. For example, borrow events in a library can...

  14. Event Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Lars

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to discuss conceptual event modeling within a context of information modeling. Traditionally, information modeling has been concerned with the modeling of a universe of discourse in terms of information structures. However, most interesting universes of discourse...... are dynamic and we present a modeling approach that can be used to model such dynamics.We characterize events as both information objects and change agents (Bækgaard 1997). When viewed as information objects events are phenomena that can be observed and described. For example, borrow events in a library can...

  15. Numerical models

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Unnikrishnan, A; Manoj, N.T.

    Various numerical models used to study the dynamics and horizontal distribution of salinity in Mandovi-Zuari estuaries, Goa, India is discussed in this chapter. Earlier, a one-dimensional network model was developed for representing the complex...

  16. Computable models

    CERN Document Server

    Turner, Raymond

    2009-01-01

    Computational models can be found everywhere in present day science and engineering. In providing a logical framework and foundation for the specification and design of specification languages, Raymond Turner uses this framework to introduce and study computable models. In doing so he presents the first systematic attempt to provide computational models with a logical foundation. Computable models have wide-ranging applications from programming language semantics and specification languages, through to knowledge representation languages and formalism for natural language semantics. They are al

  17. MODELING CONSCIOUSNESS

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, J G

    2009-01-01

    We present tentative answers to three questions: firstly, what is to be assumed about the structure of the brain in attacking the problem of modeling consciousness; secondly, what is it about consciousness that is attempting to be modeled; and finally, what is taken on board the modeling enterprise, if anything, from the vast works by philosophers about the nature of mind.

  18. Zeebrugge Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sclütter, Flemming; Frigaard, Peter; Liu, Zhou

    This report presents the model test results on wave run-up on the Zeebrugge breakwater under the simulated prototype storms. The model test was performed in January 2000 at the Hydraulics & Coastal Engineering Laboratory, Aalborg University. The detailed description of the model is given...

  19. Interface models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Anders P.; Staunstrup, Jørgen

    1994-01-01

    This paper proposes a model for specifying interfaces between concurrently executing modules of a computing system. The model does not prescribe a particular type of communication protocol and is aimed at describing interfaces between both software and hardware modules or a combination of the two....... The model describes both functional and timing properties of an interface...

  20. Constitutive Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    This chapter presents various types of constitutive models and their applications. There are 3 aspects dealt with in this chapter, namely: creation and solution of property models, the application of parameter estimation and finally application examples of constitutive models. A systematic...

  1. Model Experiments and Model Descriptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackman, Charles H.; Ko, Malcolm K. W.; Weisenstein, Debra; Scott, Courtney J.; Shia, Run-Lie; Rodriguez, Jose; Sze, N. D.; Vohralik, Peter; Randeniya, Lakshman; Plumb, Ian

    1999-01-01

    The Second Workshop on Stratospheric Models and Measurements Workshop (M&M II) is the continuation of the effort previously started in the first Workshop (M&M I, Prather and Remsberg [1993]) held in 1992. As originally stated, the aim of M&M is to provide a foundation for establishing the credibility of stratospheric models used in environmental assessments of the ozone response to chlorofluorocarbons, aircraft emissions, and other climate-chemistry interactions. To accomplish this, a set of measurements of the present day atmosphere was selected. The intent was that successful simulations of the set of measurements should become the prerequisite for the acceptance of these models as having a reliable prediction for future ozone behavior. This section is divided into two: model experiment and model descriptions. In the model experiment, participant were given the charge to design a number of experiments that would use observations to test whether models are using the correct mechanisms to simulate the distributions of ozone and other trace gases in the atmosphere. The purpose is closely tied to the needs to reduce the uncertainties in the model predicted responses of stratospheric ozone to perturbations. The specifications for the experiments were sent out to the modeling community in June 1997. Twenty eight modeling groups responded to the requests for input. The first part of this section discusses the different modeling group, along with the experiments performed. Part two of this section, gives brief descriptions of each model as provided by the individual modeling groups.

  2. Scalable Models Using Model Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-13

    and the following companies: Agilent, Bosch, HSBC , Lockheed-Martin, National Instruments, and Toyota. Scalable Models Using Model Transformation...parametrization, and workflow automation. (AFRL), the State of California Micro Program, and the following companies: Agi- lent, Bosch, HSBC , Lockheed

  3. Cadastral Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    to the modeling of an industrial sector, as it aims at rendering the basic concepts that relate to the domain of real estate and the pertinent human activities. The palpable objects are pieces of land and buildings, documents, data stores and archives, as well as persons in their diverse roles as owners, holders...... to land. The paper advances the position that cadastral modeling has to include not only the physical objects, agents, and information sets of the domain, but also the objectives or requirements of cadastral systems.......Modeling is a term that refers to a variety of efforts, including data and process modeling. The domain to be modeled may be a department, an organization, or even an industrial sector. E-business presupposes the modeling of an industrial sector, a substantial task. Cadastral modeling compares...

  4. Mapping single molecule sequencing reads using basic local alignment with successive refinement (BLASR: application and theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaisson Mark J

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent methods have been developed to perform high-throughput sequencing of DNA by Single Molecule Sequencing (SMS. While Next-Generation sequencing methods may produce reads up to several hundred bases long, SMS sequencing produces reads up to tens of kilobases long. Existing alignment methods are either too inefficient for high-throughput datasets, or not sensitive enough to align SMS reads, which have a higher error rate than Next-Generation sequencing. Results We describe the method BLASR (Basic Local Alignment with Successive Refinement for mapping Single Molecule Sequencing (SMS reads that are thousands of bases long, with divergence between the read and genome dominated by insertion and deletion error. The method is benchmarked using both simulated reads and reads from a bacterial sequencing project. We also present a combinatorial model of sequencing error that motivates why our approach is effective. Conclusions The results indicate that it is possible to map SMS reads with high accuracy and speed. Furthermore, the inferences made on the mapability of SMS reads using our combinatorial model of sequencing error are in agreement with the mapping accuracy demonstrated on simulated reads.

  5. Modelling in Business Model design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simonse, W.L.

    2013-01-01

    It appears that business model design might not always produce a design or model as the expected result. However when designers are involved, a visual model or artefact is produced. To assist strategic managers in thinking about how they can act, the designers challenge is to combine strategy and

  6. Climate Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Druyan, Leonard M.

    2012-01-01

    Climate models is a very broad topic, so a single volume can only offer a small sampling of relevant research activities. This volume of 14 chapters includes descriptions of a variety of modeling studies for a variety of geographic regions by an international roster of authors. The climate research community generally uses the rubric climate models to refer to organized sets of computer instructions that produce simulations of climate evolution. The code is based on physical relationships that describe the shared variability of meteorological parameters such as temperature, humidity, precipitation rate, circulation, radiation fluxes, etc. Three-dimensional climate models are integrated over time in order to compute the temporal and spatial variations of these parameters. Model domains can be global or regional and the horizontal and vertical resolutions of the computational grid vary from model to model. Considering the entire climate system requires accounting for interactions between solar insolation, atmospheric, oceanic and continental processes, the latter including land hydrology and vegetation. Model simulations may concentrate on one or more of these components, but the most sophisticated models will estimate the mutual interactions of all of these environments. Advances in computer technology have prompted investments in more complex model configurations that consider more phenomena interactions than were possible with yesterday s computers. However, not every attempt to add to the computational layers is rewarded by better model performance. Extensive research is required to test and document any advantages gained by greater sophistication in model formulation. One purpose for publishing climate model research results is to present purported advances for evaluation by the scientific community.

  7. Numerical Modeling of Thermal Pollution of Large Water Bodies from Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyubimova, Tatyana; Lepikhin, Anatoly; Lyakhin, Yury; Parshakova, Yanina; Tiunov, Alexey

    2016-04-01

    Currently, the major manufacturers of electrical energy are the thermal and nuclear power plants including the cooling ponds in the processing chains. For a wide range of both environmental and technological problems, the evaluation of the temperature fields in the cooling ponds at certain critical values of hydrological and meteorological parameters is important. The present paper deals with the evaluation of the thermal effect of one of the largest thermal power plant in Europe - Perm GRES - to its cooling pond which is the Kama Reservoir. Since the area of the possible impact is rather large and the reservoir itself is characterized by a very complex morphometry, numerical modeling of thermal spot propagation in the Kama River due to the discharge of warm water by Perm GRES for the entire area in the 3D-formulation with the desired detail setting morphometric characteristics of the water body meets very serious difficulties. Because of that, to solve the problem, a combined scheme of calculations based on the combination of hydrodynamic models in 2D and 3D formulations was used. At the first stage of the combined scheme implementation, 2D hydrodynamical model was developed for all possible area, using software SMS v.11.1. The boundary and initial conditions for this model were formulated on the basis of calculations made using 1D hydrodynamical model developed and applied for the entire Kama Reservoir. Application of 2D hydrodynamical model for solving the problem under consideration was needed to obtain the necessary information for setting the boundary conditions for the 3D model. Software package ANSYS Fluent v.6.3 was used for the realization of 3D model. 3D modeling was performed for different wind speeds and directions and quantitative characteristics of the discharge of warm water. To verify the models, the data of the detailed field measurements in the zones of thermal pollution of the Kama reservoir due to impact of the Perm GRES were used. A

  8. Mathematical modelling

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a thorough introduction to the challenge of applying mathematics in real-world scenarios. Modelling tasks rarely involve well-defined categories, and they often require multidisciplinary input from mathematics, physics, computer sciences, or engineering. In keeping with this spirit of modelling, the book includes a wealth of cross-references between the chapters and frequently points to the real-world context. The book combines classical approaches to modelling with novel areas such as soft computing methods, inverse problems, and model uncertainty. Attention is also paid to the interaction between models, data and the use of mathematical software. The reader will find a broad selection of theoretical tools for practicing industrial mathematics, including the analysis of continuum models, probabilistic and discrete phenomena, and asymptotic and sensitivity analysis.

  9. Turbulence Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mogens Peter; Shui, Wan; Johansson, Jens

    2011-01-01

    In this report a new turbulence model is presented.In contrast to the bulk of modern work, the model is a classical continuum model with a relatively simple constitutive equation. The constitutive equation is, as usual in continuum mechanics, entirely empirical. It has the usual Newton or Stokes...... term with stresses depending linearly on the strain rates. This term takes into account the transfer of linear momentum from one part of the fluid to another. Besides there is another term, which takes into account the transfer of angular momentum. Thus the model implies a new definition of turbulence....... The model is in a virgin state, but a number of numerical tests have been carried out with good results. It is published to encourage other researchers to study the model in order to find its merits and possible limitations....

  10. Mathematical modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blomhøj, Morten

    2004-01-01

    Developing competences for setting up, analysing and criticising mathematical models are normally seen as relevant only from and above upper secondary level. The general belief among teachers is that modelling activities presuppose conceptual understanding of the mathematics involved. Mathematical...... modelling, however, can be seen as a practice of teaching that place the relation between real life and mathematics into the centre of teaching and learning mathematics, and this is relevant at all levels. Modelling activities may motivate the learning process and help the learner to establish cognitive...... roots for the construction of important mathematical concepts. In addition competences for setting up, analysing and criticising modelling processes and the possible use of models is a formative aim in this own right for mathematics teaching in general education. The paper presents a theoretical...

  11. Spherical models

    CERN Document Server

    Wenninger, Magnus J

    2012-01-01

    Well-illustrated, practical approach to creating star-faced spherical forms that can serve as basic structures for geodesic domes. Complete instructions for making models from circular bands of paper with just a ruler and compass. Discusses tessellation, or tiling, and how to make spherical models of the semiregular solids and concludes with a discussion of the relationship of polyhedra to geodesic domes and directions for building models of domes. "". . . very pleasant reading."" - Science. 1979 edition.

  12. Use of antidepressant serotoninergic medications and cardiac valvulopathy: a nested case–control study in the health improvement network (THIN) database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapi, Francesco; Nicotra, Federica; Scotti, Lorenza; Vannacci, Alfredo; Thompson, Mary; Pieri, Francesco; Mugelli, Niccolò; Zambon, Antonella; Corrao, Giovanni; Mugelli, Alessandro; Rubino, Annalisa

    2012-01-01

    AIMS To quantify the risk of cardiac valvulopathy (CV) associated with the use of antidepressant serotoninergic medications (SMs). METHODS We conducted a case–control study nested in a cohort of users of antidepressant SMs selected from The Health Improvement Network database. Patients who experienced a CV event during follow-up were cases. Cases were ascertained in a random sample of them. Up to 10 controls were matched to each case by sex, age, month and year of the study entry. Use of antidepressant SMs during follow-up was defined as current (the last prescription for antidepressant SMs occurred in the 2 months before the CV event), recent (in the 2–12 months before the CV event) and past (>12 months before the CV event). We fitted a conditional regression model to estimate the association between use of antidepressant SMs and the risk of CV by means of odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Sensitivity analyses were conducted to test the robustness of our results. RESULTS The study cohort included 752 945 subjects aged 18–89 years. Throughout follow-up, 1663 cases (incidence rate: 3.4 per 10 000 person-years) of CV were detected and were matched to 16 566 controls. The adjusted OR (95% CI) for current and recent users compared with past users of antidepressant SMs were 1.16 (0.96–1.40) and 1.06 (0.93–1.22), respectively. Consistent effect estimates were obtained when considering cumulative exposure to antidepressant SMs during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS These results would suggest that exposure to antidepressant SMs is not associated with an increased risk of CV. PMID:22356433

  13. Zeebrugge Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Zhou; Frigaard, Peter

    This report presents the model on wave run-up and run-down on the Zeebrugge breakwater under short-crested oblique wave attacks. The model test was performed in March-April 2000 at the Hydraulics & Coastal Engineering Laboratory, Aalborg University.......This report presents the model on wave run-up and run-down on the Zeebrugge breakwater under short-crested oblique wave attacks. The model test was performed in March-April 2000 at the Hydraulics & Coastal Engineering Laboratory, Aalborg University....

  14. Stream Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Kristian

    the engineers, but as the scale and the complexity of the hydraulic works increased, the mathematical models became so complex that a mathematical solution could not be obtained. This created a demand for new methods and again the experimental investigation became popular, but this time as measurements on small......-scale models. But still the scale and complexity of hydraulic works were increasing, and soon even small-scale models reached a natural limit for some applications. In the mean time the modern computer was developed, and it became possible to solve complex mathematical models by use of computer-based numerical...

  15. Ventilation Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    V. Chipman

    2002-10-05

    The purpose of the Ventilation Model is to simulate the heat transfer processes in and around waste emplacement drifts during periods of forced ventilation. The model evaluates the effects of emplacement drift ventilation on the thermal conditions in the emplacement drifts and surrounding rock mass, and calculates the heat removal by ventilation as a measure of the viability of ventilation to delay the onset of peak repository temperature and reduce its magnitude. The heat removal by ventilation is temporally and spatially dependent, and is expressed as the fraction of heat carried away by the ventilation air compared to the fraction of heat produced by radionuclide decay. One minus the heat removal is called the wall heat fraction, or the remaining amount of heat that is transferred via conduction to the surrounding rock mass. Downstream models, such as the ''Multiscale Thermohydrologic Model'' (BSC 2001), use the wall heat fractions as outputted from the Ventilation Model to initialize their post-closure analyses. The Ventilation Model report was initially developed to analyze the effects of preclosure continuous ventilation in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) emplacement drifts, and to provide heat removal data to support EBS design. Revision 00 of the Ventilation Model included documentation of the modeling results from the ANSYS-based heat transfer model. The purposes of Revision 01 of the Ventilation Model are: (1) To validate the conceptual model for preclosure ventilation of emplacement drifts and verify its numerical application in accordance with new procedural requirements as outlined in AP-SIII-10Q, Models (Section 7.0). (2) To satisfy technical issues posed in KTI agreement RDTME 3.14 (Reamer and Williams 2001a). Specifically to demonstrate, with respect to the ANSYS ventilation model, the adequacy of the discretization (Section 6.2.3.1), and the downstream applicability of the model results (i.e. wall heat fractions) to

  16. Modeling Documents with Event Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longhui Wang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Currently deep learning has made great breakthroughs in visual and speech processing, mainly because it draws lessons from the hierarchical mode that brain deals with images and speech. In the field of NLP, a topic model is one of the important ways for modeling documents. Topic models are built on a generative model that clearly does not match the way humans write. In this paper, we propose Event Model, which is unsupervised and based on the language processing mechanism of neurolinguistics, to model documents. In Event Model, documents are descriptions of concrete or abstract events seen, heard, or sensed by people and words are objects in the events. Event Model has two stages: word learning and dimensionality reduction. Word learning is to learn semantics of words based on deep learning. Dimensionality reduction is the process that representing a document as a low dimensional vector by a linear mode that is completely different from topic models. Event Model achieves state-of-the-art results on document retrieval tasks.

  17. Development of the Surface Management System Integrated with CTAS Arrival Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Yoon C.; Jara, Dave

    2005-01-01

    The Surface Management System (SMS) developed by NASA Ames Research Center in coordination with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is a decision support tool to help tower traffic coordinators and Ground/Local controllers in managing and controlling airport surface traffic in order to increase capacity, efficiency, and flexibility. SMS provides common situation awareness to personnel at various air traffic control facilities such as airport traffic control towers (ATCT s), airline ramp towers, Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON), and Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC). SMS also provides a traffic management tool to assist ATCT traffic management coordinators (TMCs) in making decisions such as airport configuration and runway load balancing. The Build 1 of the SMS tool was installed and successfully tested at Memphis International Airport (MEM) and received high acceptance scores from ATCT controllers and coordinators, as well as airline ramp controllers. NASA Ames Research Center continues to develop SMS under NASA s Strategic Airspace Usage (SAU) project in order to improve its prediction accuracy and robustness under various modeling uncertainties. This paper reports the recent development effort performed by the NASA Ames Research Center: 1) integration of Center TRACON Automation System (CTAS) capability with SMS and 2) an alternative approach to obtain airline gate information through a publicly available website. The preliminary analysis results performed on the air/surface traffic data at the DFW airport have shown significant improvement in predicting airport arrival demand and IN time at the gate. This paper concludes with recommendations for future research and development.

  18. Working Memory and Auditory Imagery Predict Sensorimotor Synchronization with Expressively Timed Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colley, Ian D; Keller, Peter E; Halpern, Andrea R

    2017-08-11

    Sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) is prevalent and readily studied in musical settings, as most people are able to perceive and synchronize with a beat (e.g. by finger tapping). We took an individual differences approach to understanding SMS to real music characterized by expressive timing (i.e. fluctuating beat regularity). Given the dynamic nature of SMS, we hypothesized that individual differences in working memory and auditory imagery-both fluid cognitive processes-would predict SMS at two levels: 1) mean absolute asynchrony (a measure of synchronization error), and 2) anticipatory timing (i.e. predicting, rather than reacting to beat intervals). In Experiment 1, participants completed two working memory tasks, four auditory imagery tasks, and an SMS-tapping task. Hierarchical regression models were used to predict SMS performance, with results showing dissociations among imagery types in relation to mean absolute asynchrony, and evidence of a role for working memory in anticipatory timing. In Experiment 2, a new sample of participants completed an expressive timing perception task to examine the role of imagery in perception without action. Results suggest that imagery vividness is important for perceiving and control is important for synchronizing with, irregular but ecologically valid musical time series. Working memory is implicated in synchronizing by anticipating events in the series.

  19. Model Selection for Geostatistical Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoeting, Jennifer A.; Davis, Richard A.; Merton, Andrew A.; Thompson, Sandra E.

    2006-02-01

    We consider the problem of model selection for geospatial data. Spatial correlation is typically ignored in the selection of explanatory variables and this can influence model selection results. For example, the inclusion or exclusion of particular explanatory variables may not be apparent when spatial correlation is ignored. To address this problem, we consider the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) as applied to a geostatistical model. We offer a heuristic derivation of the AIC in this context and provide simulation results that show that using AIC for a geostatistical model is superior to the often used approach of ignoring spatial correlation in the selection of explanatory variables. These ideas are further demonstrated via a model for lizard abundance. We also employ the principle of minimum description length (MDL) to variable selection for the geostatistical model. The effect of sampling design on the selection of explanatory covariates is also explored.

  20. Didactical modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Tomas; Hansen, Rune

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to introduce Didactical Modelling as a research methodology in mathematics education. We compare the methodology with other approaches and argue that Didactical Modelling has its own specificity. We discuss the methodological “why” and explain why we find it useful to...

  1. Didactical modelling

    OpenAIRE

    Højgaard, Tomas; Hansen, Rune

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to introduce Didactical Modelling as a research methodology in mathematics education. We compare the methodology with other approaches and argue that Didactical Modelling has its own specificity. We discuss the methodological “why” and explain why we find it useful to construct this approach in mathematics education research.

  2. Animal models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, Jens Peter; Krentz, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    In this issue of Cardiovascular Endocrinology, we are proud to present a broad and dedicated spectrum of reviews on animal models in cardiovascular disease. The reviews cover most aspects of animal models in science from basic differences and similarities between small animals and the human...

  3. Martingale Model

    OpenAIRE

    Giandomenico, Rossano

    2006-01-01

    The model determines a stochastic continuous process as continuous limit of a stochastic discrete process so to show that the stochastic continuous process converges to the stochastic discrete process such that we can integrate it. Furthermore, the model determines the expected volatility and the expected mean so to show that the volatility and the mean are increasing function of the time.

  4. Dispersion Modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budiansky, Stephen

    1980-01-01

    This article discusses the need for more accurate and complete input data and field verification of the various models of air pollutant dispension. Consideration should be given to changing the form of air quality standards based on enhanced dispersion modeling techniques. (Author/RE)

  5. Education models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poortman, Sybilla; Sloep, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Educational models describes a case study on a complex learning object. Possibilities are investigated for using this learning object, which is based on a particular educational model, outside of its original context. Furthermore, this study provides advice that might lead to an increase in

  6. Battery Modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongerden, M.R.; Haverkort, Boudewijn R.H.M.

    2008-01-01

    The use of mobile devices is often limited by the capacity of the employed batteries. The battery lifetime determines how long one can use a device. Battery modeling can help to predict, and possibly extend this lifetime. Many different battery models have been developed over the years. However,

  7. Linguistic models and linguistic modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedryez, W; Vasilakos, A V

    1999-01-01

    The study is concerned with a linguistic approach to the design of a new category of fuzzy (granular) models. In contrast to numerically driven identification techniques, we concentrate on budding meaningful linguistic labels (granules) in the space of experimental data and forming the ensuing model as a web of associations between such granules. As such models are designed at the level of information granules and generate results in the same granular rather than pure numeric format, we refer to them as linguistic models. Furthermore, as there are no detailed numeric estimation procedures involved in the construction of the linguistic models carried out in this way, their design mode can be viewed as that of a rapid prototyping. The underlying algorithm used in the development of the models utilizes an augmented version of the clustering technique (context-based clustering) that is centered around a notion of linguistic contexts-a collection of fuzzy sets or fuzzy relations defined in the data space (more precisely a space of input variables). The detailed design algorithm is provided and contrasted with the standard modeling approaches commonly encountered in the literature. The usefulness of the linguistic mode of system modeling is discussed and illustrated with the aid of numeric studies including both synthetic data as well as some time series dealing with modeling traffic intensity over a broadband telecommunication network.

  8. OSPREY Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veronica J. Rutledge

    2013-01-01

    The absence of industrial scale nuclear fuel reprocessing in the U.S. has precluded the necessary driver for developing the advanced simulation capability now prevalent in so many other countries. Thus, it is essential to model complex series of unit operations to simulate, understand, and predict inherent transient behavior and feedback loops. A capability of accurately simulating the dynamic behavior of advanced fuel cycle separation processes will provide substantial cost savings and many technical benefits. The specific fuel cycle separation process discussed in this report is the off-gas treatment system. The off-gas separation consists of a series of scrubbers and adsorption beds to capture constituents of interest. Dynamic models are being developed to simulate each unit operation involved so each unit operation can be used as a stand-alone model and in series with multiple others. Currently, an adsorption model has been developed within Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Off-gas Separation and REcoverY (OSPREY) models the adsorption of off-gas constituents for dispersed plug flow in a packed bed under non-isothermal and non-isobaric conditions. Inputs to the model include gas, sorbent, and column properties, equilibrium and kinetic data, and inlet conditions. The simulation outputs component concentrations along the column length as a function of time from which breakthrough data is obtained. The breakthrough data can be used to determine bed capacity, which in turn can be used to size columns. It also outputs temperature along the column length as a function of time and pressure drop along the column length. Experimental data and parameters were input into the adsorption model to develop models specific for krypton adsorption. The same can be done for iodine, xenon, and tritium. The model will be validated with experimental breakthrough curves. Customers will be given access to

  9. Model hydrographs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, W.D.

    1972-01-01

    Model hydrographs are composed of pairs of dimensionless ratios, arrayed in tabular form, which, when modified by the appropriate values of rainfall exceed and by the time and areal characteristics of the drainage basin, satisfactorily represent the flood hydrograph for the basin. Model bydrographs are developed from a dimensionless translation hydrograph, having a time base of T hours and appropriately modified for storm duration by routing through reservoir storage, S=kOx. Models fall into two distinct classes: (1) those for which the value of x is unity and which have all the characteristics of true unit hydrographs and (2) those for which the value of x is other than unity and to which the unit-hydrograph principles of proportionality and superposition do not apply. Twenty-six families of linear models and eight families of nonlinear models in tabular form from the principal subject of this report. Supplemental discussions describe the development of the models and illustrate their application. Other sections of the report, supplemental to the tables, describe methods of determining the hydrograph characteristics, T, k, and x, both from observed hydrograph and from the physical characteristics of the drainage basin. Five illustrative examples of use show that the models, when properly converted to incorporate actual rainfall excess and the time and areal characteristics of the drainage basins, do indeed satisfactorily represent the observed flood hydrographs for the basins.

  10. Stereometric Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimaldi, P.

    2012-07-01

    These mandatory guidelines are provided for preparation of papers accepted for publication in the series of Volumes of The The stereometric modelling means modelling achieved with : - the use of a pair of virtual cameras, with parallel axes and positioned at a mutual distance average of 1/10 of the distance camera-object (in practice the realization and use of a stereometric camera in the modeling program); - the shot visualization in two distinct windows - the stereoscopic viewing of the shot while modelling. Since the definition of "3D vision" is inaccurately referred to as the simple perspective of an object, it is required to add the word stereo so that "3D stereo vision " shall stand for "three-dimensional view" and ,therefore, measure the width, height and depth of the surveyed image. Thanks to the development of a stereo metric model , either real or virtual, through the "materialization", either real or virtual, of the optical-stereo metric model made visible with a stereoscope. It is feasible a continuous on line updating of the cultural heritage with the help of photogrammetry and stereometric modelling. The catalogue of the Architectonic Photogrammetry Laboratory of Politecnico di Bari is available on line at: http://rappresentazione.stereofot.it:591/StereoFot/FMPro?-db=StereoFot.fp5&-lay=Scheda&-format=cerca.htm&-view

  11. Modeling complexes of modeled proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anishchenko, Ivan; Kundrotas, Petras J; Vakser, Ilya A

    2017-03-01

    Structural characterization of proteins is essential for understanding life processes at the molecular level. However, only a fraction of known proteins have experimentally determined structures. This fraction is even smaller for protein-protein complexes. Thus, structural modeling of protein-protein interactions (docking) primarily has to rely on modeled structures of the individual proteins, which typically are less accurate than the experimentally determined ones. Such "double" modeling is the Grand Challenge of structural reconstruction of the interactome. Yet it remains so far largely untested in a systematic way. We present a comprehensive validation of template-based and free docking on a set of 165 complexes, where each protein model has six levels of structural accuracy, from 1 to 6 Å C(α) RMSD. Many template-based docking predictions fall into acceptable quality category, according to the CAPRI criteria, even for highly inaccurate proteins (5-6 Å RMSD), although the number of such models (and, consequently, the docking success rate) drops significantly for models with RMSD > 4 Å. The results show that the existing docking methodologies can be successfully applied to protein models with a broad range of structural accuracy, and the template-based docking is much less sensitive to inaccuracies of protein models than the free docking. Proteins 2017; 85:470-478. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. A Model for Math Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Tony; Erfan, Sasan

    2016-01-01

    Mathematical modeling is an open-ended research subject where no definite answers exist for any problem. Math modeling enables thinking outside the box to connect different fields of studies together including statistics, algebra, calculus, matrices, programming and scientific writing. As an integral part of society, it is the foundation for many…

  13. Modelling survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashauer, Roman; Albert, Carlo; Augustine, Starrlight

    2016-01-01

    The General Unified Threshold model for Survival (GUTS) integrates previously published toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic models and estimates survival with explicitly defined assumptions. Importantly, GUTS accounts for time-variable exposure to the stressor. We performed three studies to test...... the ability of GUTS to predict survival of aquatic organisms across different pesticide exposure patterns, time scales and species. Firstly, using synthetic data, we identified experimental data requirements which allow for the estimation of all parameters of the GUTS proper model. Secondly, we assessed how...

  14. SMS-1500型秸秆粉碎与残膜回收机的设计%Design of SMS-1500 type straw chopping and plastic film residue collecting machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王吉奎; 付威; 王卫兵; 李斌

    2011-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of plastic film residue collection after cotton harvesting, a machine combining chopping field cotton straw with collecting plastic film residue was designed. The whole structure and working mechanism of the machine were introduced, the main operation components of the machine were designed and finally the structure parameters were determined. The processes of straw chopping and plastic film collection were analyzed and the conditions to chop straw of disk-saw blade were achieved. Experiment results indicated that under the condition of the operation speed of 5-5.5 km/h, the length of chopped straw was less than 20 cm, the plastic film residue collection rate of the machine was more than 90%. Plastic film residue and straw could be effectively separated after the operation, and the plastic film residue was uncovered with small amount of damage. The machine has advantages of high operation efficiency, low energy consumption and stacking in bulk of the collected plastic film residue and can be used to collect the plastic film residue after cotton harvesting.%为解决棉花收获后的残膜回收问题,设计了一种用于收获后棉秸秆切碎还田和残膜回收的联合作业机具,介绍整机的结构和工作原理,对主要工作部件做了设计,确定秸秆粉碎和残膜回收装置的结构参数,分析秸秆切碎和残膜回收过程,得出圆盘锯片切碎秸秆的条件.试验结果表明:在作业速度为5~5.5 km/h时,秸秆切碎长度小于20 cm,残膜回收率大干90%,作业后膜、杆分离,残膜自下而上揭起,残膜破损小.该机作业效率高,能耗小,回收的残膜集中堆放,可用于棉花收获后的残膜回收.

  15. Modelling Constructs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kindler, Ekkart

    2009-01-01

    There are many different notations and formalisms for modelling business processes and workflows. These notations and formalisms have been introduced with different purposes and objectives. Later, influenced by other notations, comparisons with other tools, or by standardization efforts, these no...

  16. Linear Models

    CERN Document Server

    Searle, Shayle R

    2012-01-01

    This 1971 classic on linear models is once again available--as a Wiley Classics Library Edition. It features material that can be understood by any statistician who understands matrix algebra and basic statistical methods.

  17. Modeling Arcs

    CERN Document Server

    Insepov, Zeke; Veitzer, Seth; Mahalingam, Sudhakar

    2011-01-01

    Although vacuum arcs were first identified over 110 years ago, they are not yet well understood. We have since developed a model of breakdown and gradient limits that tries to explain, in a self-consistent way: arc triggering, plasma initiation, plasma evolution, surface damage and gra- dient limits. We use simple PIC codes for modeling plasmas, molecular dynamics for modeling surface breakdown, and surface damage, and mesoscale surface thermodynamics and finite element electrostatic codes for to evaluate surface properties. Since any given experiment seems to have more variables than data points, we have tried to consider a wide variety of arcing (rf structures, e beam welding, laser ablation, etc.) to help constrain the problem, and concentrate on common mechanisms. While the mechanisms can be comparatively simple, modeling can be challenging.

  18. Paleoclimate Modeling

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Computer simulations of past climate. Variables provided as model output are described by parameter keyword. In some cases the parameter keywords are a subset of all...

  19. Anchor Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regardt, Olle; Rönnbäck, Lars; Bergholtz, Maria; Johannesson, Paul; Wohed, Petia

    Maintaining and evolving data warehouses is a complex, error prone, and time consuming activity. The main reason for this state of affairs is that the environment of a data warehouse is in constant change, while the warehouse itself needs to provide a stable and consistent interface to information spanning extended periods of time. In this paper, we propose a modeling technique for data warehousing, called anchor modeling, that offers non-destructive extensibility mechanisms, thereby enabling robust and flexible management of changes in source systems. A key benefit of anchor modeling is that changes in a data warehouse environment only require extensions, not modifications, to the data warehouse. This ensures that existing data warehouse applications will remain unaffected by the evolution of the data warehouse, i.e. existing views and functions will not have to be modified as a result of changes in the warehouse model.

  20. Model theory

    CERN Document Server

    Hodges, Wilfrid

    1993-01-01

    An up-to-date and integrated introduction to model theory, designed to be used for graduate courses (for students who are familiar with first-order logic), and as a reference for more experienced logicians and mathematicians.

  1. Accelerated life models modeling and statistical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Bagdonavicius, Vilijandas

    2001-01-01

    Failure Time DistributionsIntroductionParametric Classes of Failure Time DistributionsAccelerated Life ModelsIntroductionGeneralized Sedyakin's ModelAccelerated Failure Time ModelProportional Hazards ModelGeneralized Proportional Hazards ModelsGeneralized Additive and Additive-Multiplicative Hazards ModelsChanging Shape and Scale ModelsGeneralizationsModels Including Switch-Up and Cycling EffectsHeredity HypothesisSummaryAccelerated Degradation ModelsIntroductionDegradation ModelsModeling the Influence of Explanatory Varia

  2. Exploring effect of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor on serum lipid profiles in collagen-induced arthritis model using shotgun lipidomics%基于鸟枪法脂质组学研究环氧酶-2抑制剂对关节炎模型血清脂代谢的干预作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘洁莉; 胡长锋; 韦双双; 陈娇; 周佳

    2016-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis( RA)is an inflammatory disease leading to joint swollen,pain and even deformity. Cardiovascular disease( CVD)is regarded as a major cause of morbidity in patients. Chronic systemic inflammation in patients is an independent CVD risk factor. Cycloox-ygenase-2( COX-2)inhibitor,a commonly used drug in the treatment of RA,can increase the risk of CVD. Lipid metabolic disorder is highly correlated with the occurrence of CVD,thus we investigated the serum lipid changes caused by RA and drug treatment to help to elucidate the mechanism of CVD in RA. Collagen-induced arthritis( CIA)is employed as a model of RA. After modeling,COX-2 inhibitor-meloxicam was orally administrated for three weeks,and the serum lipid profiles were analyzed by the multi-dimensional mass spectrometry-based shotgun lipido-mics(MDMS-SL). Totally 105 lipids were detected in serum,including 35 phosphatidylcholines ( PCs),18 lysophosphatidylcholines( LysoPCs),15 phosphatidyl inositols( PIs),3 phosphati-dyl glycerols( PGs),19 sphingomyelins( SMs)and 15 ceramides( Cers). In the principle com-ponent analysis,it was observed that the lipid profiles of CIA model rats were very different from those of the control rats,and the COX-2 inhibitor can improve the lipid metabolism partly. Further,ANOVA analysis revealed that 39 of the 105 identified lipids were up-regulated in CIA rats,including 7 PIs,15 SMs,5 Cers,10 PCs and 2 LysoPCs. Most of these lipids were down-regulated under the treatment of COX-2 inhibitor. In addition,the five PCs and one LysoPC were abnormally regulated by the drug. The MDMS-SL discovered lipid disturbance in CIA mod-el rats that might be related to risk factors of atherosclerosis;the COX-2 inhibitor can greatly repair the lipid disorder caused by modeling,while induce abnormal changes of some PCs and LysoPC which may cause side-effect.%心血管疾病( CVD)是类风湿关节炎( RA)患者死亡的重要原因之一,脂代谢紊乱与 CVD 发生有密

  3. 移动信息服务在国内高校图书馆中的应用模式分析%Analysis of the Application Model of Mobile Information Services in Domestic Academic Libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余世英; 明均仁

    2012-01-01

    随着移动信息技术的发展,高校校园开始流行和普及利用手机、电子书阅读器、平板电脑等终端设备进行移动信息服务,SMS服务、WAP服务、移动参考咨询、电子书外借服务等模式相继出现。本文通过对国内31个省份共计820所普通本科院校图书馆进行系统调查,对国内高校图书馆的四种移动信息服务应用模式进行了深入分析,并结合国外高校图书馆成功的经验就国内高校图书馆移动信息服务的发展作了一定的探讨。%With the development of mobile information technology, it becomes popular and universal to access to mobile phones, e-book reader, tablet PCs, and other terminal equipments for using mobile information services in university campus and SMS service, WAP service, mobile reference service, e-book lending service model,etc, appear. By reseaching a total of 820 undergraduate college library systems in 31 provinces, this reseach conductes an deep analysis of the four application patterns of mobile information services in domestic academic libraries, and discusses the development of mobile information services in domestic academic libraries, combined with successful experience of foreign university libraries.

  4. Development of a Low-Cost ZIGBEE and GSM SMS-Based Conductor Temperature and Sag Monitoring System

    OpenAIRE

    M.V.Vijaya Saradhi; Nagaraju, S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with the design, construction, instrumentation and testing of a GSM and ZIGBEE based monitoring system for the measurement of Overhead High Voltage (HV) Conductor Temperature and Sag. The main advantage of this concept is the real time direct measurement of the parameters (i.e., conductor sag and temperature) needed for the operation of the transmission system without intermediate measurement of conductor tension and ambient weather conditions, by which the temperature contro...

  5. SMS for Sexual Health: A Comparison of Service Types and Recommendations for Sexual Health Text Message Service Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willoughby, Jessica Fitts; Muldrow, Adrienne

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: Text message-based interventions may provide sexual health information to young people through a number of service types, from sending information on a regularly scheduled timeline, to providing an automated menu, to allowing young people to connect directly with health educators. While such service types exist, it is not clear which…

  6. Motivational counselling and SMS-reminders for reduction of daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, T; Aadahl, Mette; Beyer, Nina Ann-Marie

    2016-01-01

    tailored, theory-based behavioural intervention targeting reduction in daily sitting time in patients with RA. METHODS: A randomised, controlled trial with two parallel groups. RA patients >18 years of age and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score ... for daily leisure time sitting > 4 h. The 16-week intervention included 1) three individual motivational counselling sessions and 2) individual text message reminders aimed at reducing daily sitting time. The control group was encouraged to maintain their usual lifestyles. Outcomes were assessed at baseline...

  7. A daily SMS reminder increases adherence to asthma treatment: a three-month follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandbygaard, Ulla; Thomsen, Simon Francis; Backer, Vibeke

    2010-01-01

    Poor adherence to asthma treatment is a well-recognised challenge and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and consumption of health care resources. This study examined the impact of receiving a daily text message reminder on one's cell phone on adherence to asthma treatment....

  8. SMS for Sexual Health: A Comparison of Service Types and Recommendations for Sexual Health Text Message Service Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willoughby, Jessica Fitts; Muldrow, Adrienne

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: Text message-based interventions may provide sexual health information to young people through a number of service types, from sending information on a regularly scheduled timeline, to providing an automated menu, to allowing young people to connect directly with health educators. While such service types exist, it is not clear which…

  9. The efficacy of motivational counselling and SMS reminders on daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Tanja; Aadahl, Mette; Beyer, Nina

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this report is to investigate the efficacy of an individually tailored, theory-based behavioural intervention for reducing daily sitting time, pain and fatigue, as well as improving health-related quality of life, general self-efficacy, physical function and cardiometabolic...... messages aimed at reduction of sedentary behaviour during the 16-week intervention period. Primary outcome was change in daily sitting time measured objectively by ActivPAL. Secondary outcomes included change in pain, fatigue, physical function, general self-efficacy, quality of life, blood pressure, blood...... lipids, haemoglobin A1c, body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio. RESULTS: 75 patients were allocated to each group. Mean reduction in daily sitting time was -1.61 hours/day in the intervention versus 0.59 hours/day increase in the control group between-group difference -2...

  10. Design of SMS (Single mode-Multi mode coreless-Single mode) optical fiber as corrosion sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aisyah, Putri Yeni; Hatta, Agus M.; Pratama, Detak Yan

    2016-11-01

    Conventional corrosion sensors such as ultrasonic guided waves, eddy current and thermography have been widely applied, however, these sensors have disadvantage of suffering from additional damage, as these sensors are placed in corrosive environment, often hidden and could not be directly observed, therefore corrosion inspection using conventional sensor is much more expensive and time consuming. Usage of optical fiber as corrosion sensor, based on changes in light intensity due to corrosion effect, is an alternative to overcome the disadvantage of conventional sensors. We proposed to use Single mode - Multimode Coreless - Single mode structured optical fiber as sensor. Multimode section of the optical fiber is coated with aluminium as the corrosion object. Experiment result shows that the corrosion process have an effect of decreasing the output sensor power as the corrosion rate increasing. Experimental test is conducted on the sensor, in which time interval of corrosion treatment is 9 hours. It is obtained from the test result that the highest value of output power is 13.19 dBm. Furthermore when the weight loss range of aluminium layer is 0 - 140 mg after corrosion treatment and the length of multimode fiber is 10 mm, the highest sensitivity of the sensor is 0.094 dBm/mg.

  11. Motivational counselling and SMS-reminders for reduction of daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, T; Aadahl, Mette; Beyer, Nina Ann-Marie

    2016-01-01

    tailored, theory-based behavioural intervention targeting reduction in daily sitting time in patients with RA. METHODS: A randomised, controlled trial with two parallel groups. RA patients >18 years of age and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score ... for daily leisure time sitting > 4 h. The 16-week intervention included 1) three individual motivational counselling sessions and 2) individual text message reminders aimed at reducing daily sitting time. The control group was encouraged to maintain their usual lifestyles. Outcomes were assessed at baseline...

  12. Recruitment and retention in an SMS-based health education program: Lessons learned from Text2BHealthy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speirs, Katherine E; Grutzmacher, Stephanie K; Munger, Ashley L; Messina, Lauren A

    2016-09-01

    While text messages or short messaging service programs are increasingly utilized for delivering health education, few studies have explored the unique challenges of recruiting and retaining participants in such programs. This study utilizes survey and focus group data from Text2BHealthy, a short messaging service-based nutrition and physical activity promotion program, to examine barriers to enrollment and facilitators of retention among parents of elementary school students. Results show that participants were hard to reach with recruitment materials, had difficulty with self-enrollment, and were apprehensive about program costs. However, 89-90 percent of participants were retained. Results suggest that providing manual enrollment options, alternative program delivery methods (e.g. email messages), and opportunities to reenroll may facilitate participation in short messaging service-based health education and promotion programs.

  13. Diseño de una estación meteorologica autónoma gestionada mediante mensajes SMS

    OpenAIRE

    Luján de Francisco, Jorge

    2008-01-01

    El objetivo del TFC es el diseño de un sistema electrónico para la adquisición y transmisión de los parámetros físicos típicos de una estación meteorológica. Los parámetros meteorológicos medidos han sido elegidos por su fácil interpretación por un usuario, a fin de detectar posibles lluvias, niebla, heladas, riesgo de incendios, etc., todo ello sin necesidad de desplazarse al lugar del emplazamiento. La estación meteorológica puede ser emplazada en cualquier lugar, tanto en...

  14. Do stroke models model stroke?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipp Mergenthaler

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and the biggest reason for long-term disability. Basic research has formed the modern understanding of stroke pathophysiology, and has revealed important molecular, cellular and systemic mechanisms. However, despite decades of research, most translational stroke trials that aim to introduce basic research findings into clinical treatment strategies – most notably in the field of neuroprotection – have failed. Among other obstacles, poor methodological and statistical standards, negative publication bias, and incomplete preclinical testing have been proposed as ‘translational roadblocks’. In this article, we introduce the models commonly used in preclinical stroke research, discuss some of the causes of failed translational success and review potential remedies. We further introduce the concept of modeling ‘care’ of stroke patients, because current preclinical research models the disorder but does not model care or state-of-the-art clinical testing. Stringent statistical methods and controlled preclinical trials have been suggested to counteract weaknesses in preclinical research. We conclude that preclinical stroke research requires (1 appropriate modeling of the disorder, (2 appropriate modeling of the care of stroke patients and (3 an approach to preclinical testing that is similar to clinical testing, including Phase 3 randomized controlled preclinical trials as necessary additional steps before new therapies enter clinical testing.

  15. Persistent Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    The relationship between representation and the represented is examined here through the notion of persistent modelling. This notion is not novel to the activity of architectural design if it is considered as describing a continued active and iterative engagement with design concerns – an evident...... characteristic of architectural practice. But the persistence in persistent modelling can also be understood to apply in other ways, reflecting and anticipating extended roles for representation. This book identifies three principle areas in which these extensions are becoming apparent within contemporary....... It also provides critical insight into the use of contemporary modelling tools and methods, together with an examination of the implications their use has within the territories of architectural design, realisation and experience....

  16. Mathematical modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Eck, Christof; Knabner, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Mathematical models are the decisive tool to explain and predict phenomena in the natural and engineering sciences. With this book readers will learn to derive mathematical models which help to understand real world phenomena. At the same time a wealth of important examples for the abstract concepts treated in the curriculum of mathematics degrees are given. An essential feature of this book is that mathematical structures are used as an ordering principle and not the fields of application. Methods from linear algebra, analysis and the theory of ordinary and partial differential equations are thoroughly introduced and applied in the modeling process. Examples of applications in the fields electrical networks, chemical reaction dynamics, population dynamics, fluid dynamics, elasticity theory and crystal growth are treated comprehensively.

  17. Inflatable Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling Li; Vasily Volkov

    2006-01-01

    A physically-based model is presented for the simulation of a new type of deformable objects-inflatable objects, such as shaped balloons, which consist of pressurized air enclosed by an elastic surface. These objects have properties inherent in both 3D and 2D elastic bodies, as they demonstrate the behaviour of 3D shapes using 2D formulations. As there is no internal structure in them, their behaviour is substantially different from the behaviour of deformable solid objects. We use one of the few available models for deformable surfaces, and enhance it to include the forces of internal and external pressure. These pressure forces may also incorporate buoyancy forces, to allow objects filled with a low density gas to float in denser media. The obtained models demonstrate rich dynamic behaviour, such as bouncing, floating, deflation and inflation.

  18. Lens Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nash, Ulrik William

    2014-01-01

    Firms consist of people who make decisions to achieve goals. How do these people develop the expectations which underpin the choices they make? The lens model provides one answer to this question. It was developed by cognitive psychologist Egon Brunswik (1952) to illustrate his theory of probabil......Firms consist of people who make decisions to achieve goals. How do these people develop the expectations which underpin the choices they make? The lens model provides one answer to this question. It was developed by cognitive psychologist Egon Brunswik (1952) to illustrate his theory...... of probabilistic functionalism, and concerns the environment and the mind, and adaptation by the latter to the former. This entry is about the lens model, and probabilistic functionalism more broadly. Focus will mostly be on firms and their employees, but, to fully appreciate the scope, we have to keep in mind...

  19. Lens Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nash, Ulrik William

    2014-01-01

    Firms consist of people who make decisions to achieve goals. How do these people develop the expectations which underpin the choices they make? The lens model provides one answer to this question. It was developed by cognitive psychologist Egon Brunswik (1952) to illustrate his theory of probabil......Firms consist of people who make decisions to achieve goals. How do these people develop the expectations which underpin the choices they make? The lens model provides one answer to this question. It was developed by cognitive psychologist Egon Brunswik (1952) to illustrate his theory...

  20. Molecular modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aarti Sharma

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of computational chemistry in the development of novel pharmaceuticals is becoming an increasingly important tool. In the past, drugs were simply screened for effectiveness. The recent advances in computing power and the exponential growth of the knowledge of protein structures have made it possible for organic compounds to be tailored to decrease the harmful side effects and increase the potency. This article provides a detailed description of the techniques employed in molecular modeling. Molecular modeling is a rapidly developing discipline, and has been supported by the dramatic improvements in computer hardware and software in recent years.